Sample records for based competency development

  1. Development of Competency-Based Assessment Centers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Hsin-Chih; Naquin, Sharon S.

    2005-01-01

    Construct validity has been an issue in assessment centers literature. This study developed a model for competency-based assessment centers by integrating competency modeling, training design, assessment centers, and multi-source feedback assessment. Several propositions in conjunction with the model were also developed to help resolve construct…

  2. SCID: A Competency-Based Curriculum Development Model.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norton, Robert E.

    To provide structure for developing curriculum for Competency Based Education (CBE), an effective and efficient model, Systematic Curriculum and Instructional Development (SCID), has been devised. SCID has five phases: analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. Each of 23 components involves several steps, some optional. Phase…

  3. DACUM: a versatile competency-based framework for staff development.

    PubMed

    DeOnna, Janetta

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to share a competency-based method of job analysis known as DACUM (Develop A CUrriculuM) that provides a credible and defensible framework for developing job descriptions, identifying training needs, and prioritizing staff development initiatives. The process capitalizes on the power of group synergy, interaction, and consensus and facilitates employer/employee buy-in. It is easily adapted for use in any occupational setting, and may be particularly appreciated during organizational restructuring efforts. PMID:11840017

  4. Development and Evaluation of Nutrition Education Competencies and a Competency-Based Resource Guide for Preschool-Aged Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scherr, Rachel E.; Reed, Heather; Briggs, Marilyn; Zidenberg-Cherr, Sheri

    2011-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this research was to develop and evaluate nutrition education competencies and a competency-based resource guide, Connecting the Dots...Healthy Foods, Healthy Choices, Healthy Kids (CTD), for preschool-aged children in California. Methods: Nutrition education experts and California Department of Education staff…

  5. A Competency-Based Model for Developing Human Resource Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEvoy, Glenn M.; Hayton, James C.; Warnick, Alan P.; Mumford, Troy V.; Hanks, Steven H.; Blahna, Mary Jo

    2005-01-01

    This article describes a framework for the design and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for graduate management education. The article also outlines how this model has been implemented at one university in the context of a graduate degree in human resource management. Among the significant challenges discussed are the identification…

  6. Competency-Based Training: A Staff Development Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowrie, Tom; Hill, Doug; Smith, Erica

    The impact of competency-based training (CBT)on the role and responsibilities of instructors across Australia's vocational education and training (VET) sector was examined. The study focused on the following: quality and nature of CBT instruction throughout Australia; ways VET instructors have adapted their practice to accommodate CBT; and staff…

  7. A Competency-Based Program of Development of Community Relations in Educational Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Linda J.; Jacobson, Michael H.

    A competency-based educational administration program that focuses on the development of administrator/community relations is described in this paper, which is based on the premise that a cooperative relationship is necessary for effective school administration. The course is described in terms of objectives, competencies, methodology, structure,…

  8. Development, Implementation and Evaluation of a Competency Based Program in Counselor Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gavilan, Marisal R.; Ryan, Colleen

    This article describes the development, implementation, and evaluation of a competency based, criterion-referenced masters degree counselor education program. It delineates the program's philosophy; the procedures for establishing the exit competencies; task analyses for developing courses and field experiences; the assessment of students'…

  9. Developing criterion-based competencies for tele-intensive care unit.

    PubMed

    Schleifer, Sarah Joy; Carroll, Karen; Moseley, Marthe J

    2014-01-01

    Over the last 5 years, telemedicine has developed nursing roles that differ from traditional bedside care. In the midst of this transition, current competency development models focused on task completion may not be the most effective form of proficiency validation. The procedure of competency creation for the role of tele-intensive care unit registered nurse requires a thoughtful process using stakeholders from institutional leadership to frontline staff. The process must include stakeholder approval to ensure appropriate buy-in and follow-through on the agreed-upon criteria. This can be achieved using a standardized method of concept stimulation related to the behaviors, not a memorized list of tasks, expected of a telemedicine registered nurse. This process serves as the foundation for the development of criterion-based competency statements that then allows for clearer expectations. Continually reviewing the written competencies, ensuring current applicability, and revising as needed are necessities for maintaining competence and, therefore, patient safety. PMID:24704734

  10. Developing Research Competence to Support Evidence-Based Practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lora E. Burke; Elizabeth A. Schlenk; Susan M. Sereika; Susan M. Cohen; Mary Beth Happ; Janice S. Dorman

    2005-01-01

    This article describes one step in the process that was undertaken to prepare for the introduction of evidence-based practice (EBP) into the curriculum across the Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, and Doctor of Philosophy pro- grams, as well as the programs that were under development, Clinical Nurse Leader and Doctor of Nursing Practice, at the

  11. Ultrasonography for rheumatologists: the development of specific competency based educational outcomes

    PubMed Central

    Brown, A K; O'Connor, P J; Roberts, T E; Wakefield, R J; Karim, Z; Emery, P

    2006-01-01

    Background A competency based approach to the education of rheumatologists in musculoskeletal ultrasonography (MSK US) ensures standards are documented, transparent, accountable, and defensible, with clear benefit to all stakeholders. Specific competency outcomes will facilitate informed development of a common curriculum and structured programme of training and assessment. Objective To determine explicit competency based learning outcomes for rheumatologists undertaking MSK US. Methods International experts in MSK US, satisfying specific selection criteria, were asked to define the minimum standards required by a rheumatologist to be judged competent in MSK US. They reviewed 115 MSK US skills, comprising bone and soft tissue pathology, in seven joints regions of the upper and lower limbs, and rated their relative importance according to specific criteria. These data are presented as specific educational outcomes within designated competency categories. Results 57 expert MSK US practitioners were identified and 35 took part in this study. Ten generic core competency outcomes were recognised including physics, anatomy, technique, and interpretation. Regarding specific regional competencies, 53% (61/115) were considered “must know” core learning outcomes, largely comprising inflammatory joint/tendon/bone pathology and guided procedures; 45% (52/115) were required at an intermediate/advanced level (18/115 “should know”, 34/115 “could know”), and 2% (2/115) were deemed inappropriate/unnecessary for rheumatologist ultrasonographers. Conclusions This is the first study to developing a competency model for the education of rheumatologists in MSK US based on the evidence of international experts. A specific set of learning outcomes has been defined, which will facilitate future informed education and practice development and provide a blueprint for a structured rheumatology MSK US curriculum and assessment process. PMID:16192291

  12. Development of Student Knowledge in Competence-Based Pre-Vocational Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koopman, Maaike; Teune, Peter; Beijaard, Douwe

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the development of student knowledge in pre-vocational secondary education schools which differ in the manner and extent to which they have implemented characteristics of competence-based education. The implementation of these characteristics was examined using a teacher questionnaire and the…

  13. Competency Base for Curriculum Development in Preschool Education: Volume 1; Central Document.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Troutt, George , Jr.

    Presented in the first of 4 related documents on the Home-Oriented Preschool Education (HOPE) Program is an overview of the procedures for developing a competency based curriculum for normal preschool Appalachian children up to 6-years-old. Discussed are the investigation's procedural components: rationale; philosophical framework (including…

  14. Development of Competency-Based Articulated Automotive Program. Big Bend Community College and Area High Schools. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buche, Fred; Cox, Charles

    A competency-based automotive mechanics curriculum was developed at Big Bend Community College (Washington) in order to provide the basis for an advanced placement procedure for high school graduates and experienced adults through a competency assessment. In order to create the curriculum, Big Bend Community College automotive mechanics…

  15. Work-based learning as a means of developing and assessing nursing competence.

    PubMed

    Flanagan, J; Baldwin, S; Clarke, D

    2000-05-01

    Work-Based Learning is the bringing together of self-knowledge, expertise at work and formal knowledge. It takes a structured and learner-managed approach to maximizing opportunities for learning and professional development in the workplace. The development and assessment of nursing competence can be facilitated through Work-Based Learning, although this may require pedagogic and structural changes within nurse education. There are a number of conditions which must accompany effective participative learning, and these are discussed in the paper in relation to examples of nursing programmes. This method of learning and assessment has potential to bridge the gap between theory and practice, and as such it can only be achieved through commitment and partnership between the individual practitioner, clinical services and universities. PMID:11235309

  16. Competence and Competency-based Training: What the Literature Says

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guthrie, Hugh

    2009-01-01

    This literature review, commissioned by the National Quality Council, provides a historical account of the development of competency-based training in Australia and summarises the issues arising from the range of reviews conducted on elements of the national training system. It also explores the variety of ways in which competence is conceived…

  17. Developing public health competencies through building a problem-based learning project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isabel Loureiro; Nigel Sherriff; John Kenneth Davies

    2009-01-01

    Aim  In order to tackle the major challenges faced by public health over recent decades, there is a pressing need for an appropriately\\u000a competent work force. Therefore, investment is required in the development of the necessary pedagogical strategies to deliver\\u000a such competencies and thereby enable public health professionals to effectively perform their core functions. Drawing primarily\\u000a upon on the work and

  18. Communication Competency through Faculty Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haun, Martha Womack

    Research on the communicative competency of faculty indicates that students can be motivated to learn by competent communicators. In general, communication experts have better competency skills, (i.e., they use more effective verbal and nonverbal immediacy behaviors) than do faculty as a whole. An area much in need of development for most faculty…

  19. Competency-Based Horticulture. Floriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

    One of two competency-based horticulture curriculum guides developed by an Illinois project, this Floriculture guide provides the classroom teacher with specific tasks determined by state industry personnel to be necessary for entry-level job placement. It is intended for horticulture education at the senior high school and two year college level.…

  20. Featuring: It Works! Competency Based Instruction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elston, Teri

    1979-01-01

    Describes a competency based curriculum approach for ornamental horticulture. A horticulture cluster core consisting of 18 tasks was developed with competency sheets for each task. The competency sheet contains six columns: skills to be attained, task list, materials required, student activities, evaluation methods, and a recommended time period.…

  1. Building Construction. Competency-Based Education Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

    Developed and field-tested over a 2-year period by vocational teachers in West Virginia, this competency-based building construction curriculum contains five units of study: Safety, form carpentry, carpentry, masonry, and plumbing. Each unit is subdivided into several competencies, and for each competency taught the performance objectives,…

  2. Competency-Based Achievement System

    PubMed Central

    Ross, Shelley; Poth, Cheryl N.; Donoff, Michel; Humphries, Paul; Steiner, Ivan; Schipper, Shirley; Janke, Fred; Nichols, Darren

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Problem addressed Family medicine residency programs require innovative means to assess residents’ competence in “soft” skills (eg, patient-centred care, communication, and professionalism) and to identify residents who are having difficulty early enough in their residency to provide remedial training. Objective of program To develop a method to assess residents’ competence in various skills and to identify residents who are having difficulty. Program description The Competency-Based Achievement System (CBAS) was designed to measure competence using 3 main principles: formative feedback, guided self-assessment, and regular face-to-face meetings. The CBAS is resident driven and provides a framework for meaningful interactions between residents and advisors. Residents use the CBAS to organize and review their feedback, to guide their own assessment of their progress, and to discern their future learning needs. Advisors use the CBAS to monitor, guide, and verify residents’ knowledge of and competence in important skills. Conclusion By focusing on specific skills and behaviour, the CBAS enables residents and advisors to make formative assessments and to communicate their findings. Feedback indicates that the CBAS is a user-friendly and helpful system to assess competence. PMID:21918129

  3. Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross-Harrington, Melinda

    The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

  4. Developing Competence at Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bound, Helen; Lin, Magdalene

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we explore the relationship between differing conceptualisations of competence, and the implications of these differences for the enacted workplace curriculum and its pedagogical epistemologies. We argue that when competence is understood as a set of stand-alone attributes that reside within an individual, it limits and over…

  5. Continuing Professional Development Needs of Teachers in Schools for Competence-Based Vocational Education: A Case Study from The Netherlands

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to help schools for vocational education determine teachers' continuing professional development needs associated with implementing competence-based education programs, so that these schools can develop better attuned HR policies. It investigates which elements from the cognitive apprenticeship model and…

  6. Conditions for Developing Communicative Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zascerinska, Jelena

    2010-01-01

    Introduction. Individuals need communicative competence for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment. Materials and Methods. The meaning of the key concepts of "communicative competence" and "opportunities" is studied within the search for conditions to develop. Conclusion. The theoretical findings…

  7. The Development of a Competency Based Food Preparations Curriculum for High School Special Needs Students in New Castle County, Delaware.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Richard Lee

    A competency-based culinary arts food preparation curriculum for Delaware high school students with special needs was developed during a project that included the following activities: review of the state's existing culinary arts curriculum for regular education students; incumbent worker survey administered to 24 restaurant…

  8. Competency-Based Teacher Education for Community College Instructors: A Partly Self-Instructional Staff Development Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Hilding E.

    This paper outlines the basic structure, content, and organization of the Competency-Based Teacher Education (CBTE) program developed for part-time community college instructors at Mount San Jacinto College. Trainees in the program meet in five to seven three-hour class sessions over a typical sixteen-week time span. Sessions are usually spaced…

  9. Competency-Based Early Childhood Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosberg, Merilee

    This paper describes the competency-based early childhood preservice program at Iowa's Mount Mercy College, which is for people working with children from birth through age 8, including children with special needs. Program content encompasses five competency areas: child growth and development; developmentally appropriate learning; health, safety,…

  10. Developing medical students as teachers: an anatomy-based student-as-teacher program with emphasis on core teaching competencies.

    PubMed

    Andrew Jay, Erie; Starkman, Sidney J; Pawlina, Wojciech; Lachman, Nirusha

    2013-01-01

    Teaching is an increasingly recognized responsibility of the resident physician. Residents, however, often assume teaching responsibilities without adequate preparation. Consequently, many medical schools have implemented student-as-teacher (SAT) programs that provide near-peer teaching opportunities to senior medical students. Near-peer teaching is widely regarded as an effective teaching modality; however, whether near-peer teaching experiences in medical school prepare students for the teaching demands of residency is less understood. We explored whether the anatomy-based SAT program through the Human Structure didactic block at Mayo Medical School addressed the core teaching competencies of a medical educator and prepared its participants for further teaching roles in their medical careers. A web-based survey was sent to all teaching assistants in the anatomy-based SAT program over the past five years (2007-2011). Survey questions were constructed based on previously published competencies in seven teaching domains--course development, course organization, teaching execution, student coaching, student assessment, teacher evaluation, and scholarship. Results of the survey indicate that participants in the anatomy-based SAT program achieved core competencies of a medical educator and felt prepared for the teaching demands of residency. PMID:23907836

  11. Developing a Competency-Based Component for the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

    Competencies are identified for the four primary instructional areas of the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum: plant science, agricultural mechanics, natural resources, and animal science. The competencies for each instructional area are divided into those for exploratory units generally appropriate for instruction at the…

  12. Competency-Based Education: A Framework for Measuring Quality Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krause, Jackie; Dias, Laura Portolese; Schedler, Chris

    2015-01-01

    The growth of competency-based education in an online environment requires the development and measurement of quality competency-based courses. While quality measures for online courses have been developed and standardized, they do not directly align with emerging best practices and principles in the design of quality competency-based online…

  13. Development and evaluation of a questionnaire to measure the perceived implementation of the mission statement of a competency based curriculum

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background A mission statement (MS) sets out the long-term goals of an institution and is supposed to be suited for studying learning environments. Yet, hardly any study has tested this issue so far. The aim of the present study was the development and psychometric evaluation of an MS-Questionnaire (MSQ) focusing on explicit competencies. We investigated to what extent the MSQ captures the construct of learning environment and how well a faculty is following - in its perception - a competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. Methods A questionnaire was derived from the MS “teaching” (Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf) which was based on (inter-) nationally accepted goals and recommendations for a competency based medical education. The MSQ was administered together with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) to 1119 students and 258 teachers. Cronbach’s alpha was used to analyze the internal consistency of the items. Explorative factor analyses were performed to analyze homogeneity of the items within subscales and factorial validity of the MSQ. Item discrimination was assessed by means of part-whole corrected discrimination indices, and convergent validity was analyzed with respect to DREEM. Demographic variations of the respondents were used to analyze the inter-group variations in their responses. Results Students and teachers perceived the MS implementation as “moderate” and on average, students differed significantly in their perception of the MS. They thought implementation of the MS was less successful than faculty did. Women had a more positive perception of educational climate than their male colleagues and clinical students perceived the implementation of the MS on all dimensions significantly worse than preclinical students. The psychometric properties of the MSQ were very satisfactory: Item discrimination was high. Similarly to DREEM, the MSQ was highly reliable among students (? = 0.92) and teachers (? = 0.93). In both groups, the MSQ correlated highly positively with DREEM (r = 0.79 and 0.80, p < 0.001 each). Factor analyses did not reproduce the three areas of the MS perfectly. The subscales, however, could be identified as such both among teachers and students. Conclusions The perceived implementation of faculty-specific goals can be measured in an institution to some considerable extent by means of a questionnaire developed on the basis of the institution’s MS. Our MSQ provides a reliable instrument to measure the learning climate with a strong focus on competencies which are increasingly considered crucial in medical education. The questionnaire thus offers additional information beyond the DREEM. Our site-specific results imply that our own faculty is not yet fully living up to its competency-based MS. In general, the MSQ might prove useful for faculty development to the increasing number of faculties seeking to measure their perceived competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. PMID:23134815

  14. Mobile competence development for nomads

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christian Hardless; Johan Lundin; Urban Nuldén

    2001-01-01

    Outlines an ongoing research project on training, education and sharing of experiences among mobile people, also referred to as nomads. The importance for professionals to continuously learn is widely recognized. Organizations in the new economy are dependent on organizational knowledge and competence. Mobile workers need alternative educational and knowledge development opportunities that are not restrained by time and space. The

  15. Competence-based curriculum development for general practice in Germany: a stepwise peer-based approach instead of reinventing the wheel

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Improving postgraduate medical training is one important step to attract more medical students into general practice. Keeping pace with international developments moving to competence-based curricula for general practice training, the aim of this project was to develop and implement such a curriculum in Germany. Methods A five-step, peer-based method was used for the curriculum development process including panel testing and a “test version” of the curriculum for the pilot implementation phase. The CanMEDS framework served as a basis for a new German competence-based curriculum in general practice training. Four curricula from European countries and Canada were reviewed and, following required cultural adaptions, key strengths from these were integrated. For the CanMEDS “medical expertise” element of the curriculum, the WONCA ICPC-2 classification of patient’s “reason for encounters” was also integrated. Results Altogether, 37 participants were involved in the development process representing 12 different federal states in Germany, and including an expert advisor from Denmark. An official “test version” of the curriculum consisting of three parts: medical expertise, additional competencies and medical procedures was established. A system of self-assessment for trainees was integrated into the curriculum using a traffic light scale. Since March 2012, the curriculum has been made freely available online as a “test version”. In 2014, an evaluation is planned using feedback from users of the test model as a further stage of the implementation process. Conclusions The first German competence-based curriculum for general practice training has been developed using a pragmatic peer controlled approach and implementation is being trialed with a “test version” of the curriculum. This model project and its peer-based methodology may support competence-based curriculum development for other medical specialties both inside and outside Germany. PMID:23937795

  16. Pedagogical Catalysts of Civic Competence: The Development of a Critical Epistemological Model for Community-Based Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stokamer, Stephanie

    2013-01-01

    Democratic problem-solving necessitates an active and informed citizenry, but existing research on service-learning has shed little light on the relationship between pedagogical practices and civic competence outcomes. This study developed and tested a model to represent that relationship and identified pedagogical catalysts of civic competence

  17. Group Communication and Critical Thinking Competence Development Using a Reality-Based Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulson, Edward

    2011-01-01

    The presented merger and acquisition classroom exercise is based on a real yet incomplete transaction transpiring during the period of the class. The approach enables adult students to apply their previously acquired business experience to a strategic analysis project facilitating the development of group communication, critical thinking, and…

  18. Competency-Based Behavioral Interviewing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garrigues, Sarah M.

    2012-01-01

    Directors too often rely primarily on their hunches to guide them in employee selection. But what if their hunches are only 30 percent correct? Potentially, one bad hire could be responsible for a noticeable decrease in enrollment and, as a result, the school's net revenue. In this article, the author discusses the Competency-Based Behavioral…

  19. A Competency Based Teacher Certification System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coker, Homer

    The development of a Competency Based Teacher Certification System is a cooperative effort of the Carroll County System and the School of Education, West Georgia College, supported by a grant from the Georgia State Department of Education. As a step toward solving the problem of recertifying teachers who possess basic credentials and have taught…

  20. Competency-Based Horticulture. Gardening/Groundskeeping.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

    One of two competency-based horticulture curriculum guides developed by an Illinois project, this Gardening/Groundskeeping guide provides the classroom teacher with specific tasks determined by state industry personnel to be necessary for entry-level job placement. It is intended for horticulture education at the senior high school and two-year…

  1. Developing Clinical Competency in Crisis Event Management: An Integrated Simulation Problem-Based Learning Activity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liaw, S. Y.; Chen, F. G.; Klainin, P.; Brammer, J.; O'Brien, A.; Samarasekera, D. D.

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the integration of a simulation based learning activity on nursing students' clinical crisis management performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. It was hypothesized that the clinical performance of first year nursing students who participated in a simulated learning activity during the PBL session…

  2. Competence Development in the Workplace: Concepts, Strategies and Effects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellstrom, Per-Erik; Kock, Henrik

    2008-01-01

    In spite of the expectations that exist regarding efforts to develop competence and in spite of the large amounts of resources devoted to it, there is a marked lack of empirically-based research on competence development in companies and other organizations. The purpose of this article is to present a review of research on strategies for…

  3. Modelling the Competence of Case-Bases

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry Smyth; Elizabeth Mckenna

    1998-01-01

    The competence of a case-based system (the range o f problems it can solve) depends critically on the cases in the case- base. However, the precise relationship between cases and overall competence i s a complex one. For example, some cases can be critical to competence, while others may be largely redundant. In this paper we present, and evaluate, a

  4. Using Qualitative Research to Develop Culturally Competent Evidence-Based Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silverstein, Louise Bordeaux; Auerbach, Carl F.

    2009-01-01

    Kazdin pointed out that the requirement for evidence-based practice (EBP) has made the long-standing gap between research and practice in clinical psychology even more salient. He offered several strategies for bridging this gap: investigating mechanisms and moderators of therapeutic change, and qualitative research. We agree that qualitative…

  5. A Competency-Based Approach to Preparing Staff as Recreation and Youth Development Leaders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barcelona, Robert J.; Hurd, Amy R.; Bruggeman, Jennifer A.

    2011-01-01

    Youth are often the primary group for parks and recreation organizations, yet recreation professionals are often not adequately prepared in the principles and practices of youth development. Similarly, youth workers outside the recreation field often lack information on basic recreation program design and activity leadership. Improving access to…

  6. Competency-Based Major for Nurse's Expanding Role.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neill, Noreen C.

    A three-year project was conducted to develop a competency-based college major aimed at preparing contemporary nurses, both basic preservice and degree completion R.N.'s to deliver family-centered care in acute settings or community health settings. The competency-based major was developed using a conceptual framework that introduces…

  7. Provide a Staff Development Program. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-12.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller-Beach, Audni; And Others

    Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to establish and/or facilitate implementation of a staff development program, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview, required and…

  8. A Process Analysis Approach to the Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum in Therapeutic Recreation at the Masters Degree Level.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Jerry; And Others

    The purpose of the project was to develop and design a competency based curriculum in therapeutic recreation at the masters degree level, both for application and implementation at Temple University, and as a model that has the potential for adoption and/or adaptation by other colleges and universities involved in the provision of a graduate…

  9. Developing the Intercultural Competence of Graduate Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimitrov, Nanda; Dawson, Debra L.; Olsen, Karyn C.; Meadows, Ken N.

    2014-01-01

    This study explores how teaching development programs may facilitate the development of intercultural competence in graduate students and prepare them for communicating effectively in the global workplace after graduation. First, we describe the concept of intercultural teaching competence and examine the skills that graduate students may need to…

  10. Developing a Framework for Communication Management Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jeffrey, Lynn Maud; Brunton, Margaret Ann

    2011-01-01

    Using a hierarchical needs assessment model developed by Hunt we identified the essential competencies of communication management practitioners for the purpose of curriculum development and selection. We found that the underlying values of the profession were embodied in two superordinate goals. Six major competencies were identified, which were…

  11. Defining Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCowan, Richard J.

    1998-01-01

    A major problem in competency-based education is the lack of clarity in defining competence. This monograph describes the levels of competence used in developing competency-based educational programs and provides a taxonomy that can be used in developing competency-based instruction. The taxonomy includes four levels. Level 1 includes specific…

  12. Development and Validation of the Educational Technologist Multimedia Competency Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ritzhaupt, Albert D.; Martin, Florence

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research study was to identify the multimedia competencies of an educational technologist by creating a valid and reliable survey instrument to administer to educational technology professionals. The educational technology multimedia competency survey developed through this research is based on a conceptual framework that…

  13. Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Firefighter Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

    This competency-based education curriculum, developed by firefighters and educators in West Virginia, is designed for use as a resource for the development of improved firefighter training programs. It consists of an introductory note to the instructor and 140 competency sheets. These sheets deal with tasks in the following areas: general…

  14. Use of competency-based self-assessments and the MCH navigator for MCH workforce development: three states' experiences.

    PubMed

    Warren, Michael D; Dooley, Suzanna D; Pyle, Meredith J; Miller, Angela M

    2015-02-01

    Workforce development is a priority across many state Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Title V programs. Three case studies were conducted to explore varied state implementations of MCH workforce development initiatives. Three states utilized the online MCH Navigator resource to support orientation and ongoing professional development for staff and other partners. Key informant interviews and surveys were utilized to gather staff feedback on practical aspects of the project and to ascertain lessons learned by state MCH leadership during project implementation. Staff impressions of the MCH Navigator were generally positive. Staff reported that Navigator modules were useful to their current work and that completion of the modules resulted in expanded knowledge in key MCH competency areas and contributed to their professional development. Many indicated that they would recommend use of the Navigator to colleagues. State leaders found that utilization of introductory training sessions or the Navigator's online orientation modules were helpful in acclimating staff to the Navigator, although some staff still experienced minor technical challenges. State leaders across all three sites reported the value of pre-existing tools on the Navigator site, including core competency self-assessments and orientation bundles; the leaders also noted that the Navigator represents a useful and thorough resource that can be integrated into state efforts to enhance professional development for MCH staff. The significant variation between the three states' implementations demonstrates the flexibility of the Navigator, highlighting its utility to meet state-specific needs. PMID:25008405

  15. Development of an Equine-Tropic Replication-Competent Lentivirus Assay for Equine Infectious Anemia Virus-Based Lentiviral Vectors

    PubMed Central

    Bannister, Richard; Leroux-Carlucci, Marie A.; Evans, Nerys E.; Miskin, James E.; Mitrophanous, Kyriacos A.

    2012-01-01

    Abstract The release of lentiviral vectors for clinical use requires the testing of vector material, production cells, and, if applicable, ex vivo-transduced cells for the presence of replication-competent lentivirus (RCL). Vectors derived from the nonprimate lentivirus equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have been directly administered to patients in several clinical trials, with no toxicity observed to date. Because EIAV does not replicate in human cells, and because putative RCLs derived from vector components within human vector production cells would most likely be human cell-tropic, we previously developed an RCL assay using amphotropic murine leukemia virus (MLV) as a surrogate positive control and human cells as RCL amplification/indicator cells. Here we report an additional RCL assay that tests for the presence of theoretical “equine-tropic” RCLs. This approach provides further assurance of safety by detecting putative RCLs with an equine cell-specific tropism that might not be efficiently amplified by the human cell-based RCL assay. We tested the ability of accessory gene-deficient EIAV mutant viruses to replicate in a highly permissive equine cell line to direct our choice of a suitable EIAV-derived positive control. In addition, we report for the first time the mathematical rationale for use of the Poisson distribution to calculate minimal infectious dose of positive control virus and for use in monitoring assay positive/spike control failures in accumulating data sets. No RCLs have been detected in Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)-compliant RCL assays to date, further demonstrating that RCL formation is highly unlikely in contemporary minimal lentiviral vector systems. PMID:23121195

  16. Six-Sigma implementation through Competency Based Perspective (CBP)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ziaul Huq

    2006-01-01

    The popularity of six-sigma has given rise to the question: can any company adopt this rigid data driven approach to achieve higher levels of quality? This research suggests that a company must develop a unique combination of resources and competencies to realize the benefits of six-sigma. According to the competency based perspective (CBP), a company first needs to have the

  17. Competency-Based Occupational Programs: Identification, Structuring, and Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pensacola Junior Coll., FL.

    This publication presents results of the third phase of a Pensacola Junior College project to develop certain vocational programs as competency-based education. A brief narrative discusses the entire project--especially phase 3, which involved identification and definition of those competencies expected by an employer using input from an advisory…

  18. Towards Competence-Based VET: Dealing with the Pitfalls

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biemans, Harm; Wesselink, Renate; Gulikers, Judith; Schaafsma, Sanne; Verstegen, Jos; Mulder, Martin

    2009-01-01

    This article builds on a previous 2004 "Journal of Vocational Education and Training" (JVET) contribution by Biemans et al., in which several possible pitfalls in designing and implementing competence-based education (CBE) were discussed. The present article reports on the results of an extensive research programme on competence development and…

  19. Strategy-Based Development of Teacher Educators' ICT Competence through a Co-operative Staff Development Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lavonen, Jari; Lattu, Matti; Juuti, Kalle; Meisalo, Veijo

    2006-01-01

    An ICT strategy and an implementation plan for teacher education were created in a co-operative process. Visions and expectations of staff members and students were registered by questionnaires and by making notes during sessions in which the strategy was created. Thereafter, an implementation document, where the staff development programme and…

  20. Competence-Based Management Training. Report 302.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strebler, M. T.; Bevan, S.

    A research study examined what competence-based management training (CBMT) is, how organizations are using it and why, and what impact it has had. It drew on evidence from a survey and case studies conducted among large employers in Britain (United Kingdom). General findings from 377 respondents indicated that the use of competencies was…

  1. Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield. Div. of Adult Vocational and Technical Education.

    This curriculum guide consists of a comprehensive list of competency-based performance objectives dealing with selected skill and knowledge competencies considered basic to the preparation of teacher-educators in residential building construction. Thirteen units of instruction subclassified into forty-one teaching sections are included with…

  2. Competency-Based Horticulture: Gardening--Groundskeeping.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

    This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program in gardening/groundskeeping. It contains a master resource list, a listing of gardening/groundskeeping resources available from various states, and 87 competency task sheets organized into 10…

  3. Competency-Based Horticulture: Turfgrass Maintenance Worker.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

    This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program for training turfgrass maintenance workers. It contains a master resource list, a listing of turfgrass maintenance resources available from various states, and 59 competency task sheets organized…

  4. Competency Based Instruction: A Case Study.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardinge, Neil

    1992-01-01

    At the heart of the Royal Air Force's revised basic engineering training is competency based assessment. Discusses the need for: new technologies, different skills, new competences, appropriate expectations, systems awareness, and skills integration. Examines training requirements; approach used (task analysis, final criterion test, interim tests,…

  5. Competency Based Vocational Education Workshop Facilitators Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Michigan Center for Career and Technical Education.

    This workshop facilitator's guide is designed to inform professional staff about competency-based vocational education (CBVE) to help eligible persons on public assistance acquire competencies necessary for gainful employment in the following occupational areas: airline reservations and travel services; computer applications; dental care;…

  6. How to measure critical health competences: development and validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anke Steckelberg; Christian Hülfenhaus; Jürgen Kasper; Jürgen Rost; Ingrid Mühlhauser

    2009-01-01

    Consumers’ autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical\\u000a health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation\\u000a and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical health competences (CHC test).\\u000a Development and testing of the questionnaire covered three phases: (1) test

  7. Constructive Development and Counselor Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eriksen, Karen P.; McAuliffe, Garrett J.

    2006-01-01

    Developmental predictors of students' ability to learn counseling skills would help counselor educators select candidates and assist admitted students in their learning. The present research examined the relationship between adult development, as measured by the Learning Environment Preferences test (W. S. Moore, 1989) and the Defining Issues…

  8. Lifelong Competence Development: Towards a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description - The Case Study of Europass Language Passport

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

    2006-01-01

    Competence-based approaches in the field of formal or non-formal education and training are becoming more common and appear to offer the opportunity to develop programmes that meet needs of learners, trainers and potential employers. To support the provision of competence-ba sed learning services, it is necessary to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way.

  9. Transmigrant Families: Intercultural and Bilingual Competences Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez Barea, Eva Ma.; Garcia-Cano Torrico, Maria; Marquez Lepe, Esther; Ruiz Garzon, Francisca; Pozo Llorente, Ma. Teresa; Dietz, Gunther

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the results of a research project concerned with analysing and identifying the discourses and related strategies used by Spanish-German trans-migrant families to support and develop bilingual and intercultural competences stemming from their transmigratory experiences. Using the biographical-narrative approach, we reconstruct…

  10. Developing competencies for pediatric hospice and palliative medicine.

    PubMed

    Klick, Jeffrey C; Friebert, Sarah; Hutton, Nancy; Osenga, Kaci; Pituch, Kenneth J; Vesel, Tamara; Weidner, Norbert; Block, Susan D; Morrison, Laura J

    2014-12-01

    In 2006, hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) became an officially recognized subspecialty. This designation helped initiate the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education Outcomes Project in HPM. As part of this process, a group of expert clinician-educators in HPM defined the initial competency-based outcomes for HPM fellows (General HPM Competencies). Concurrently, these experts recognized and acknowledged that additional expertise in pediatric HPM would ensure that the competencies for pediatric HPM were optimally represented. To fill this gap, a group of pediatric HPM experts used a product development method to define specific Pediatric HPM Competencies. This article describes the development process. With the ongoing evolution of HPM, these competencies will evolve. As part of the Next Accreditation System, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education uses milestones as a framework to better define competency-based, measurable outcomes for trainees. Currently, there are no milestones specific to HPM, although the field is designing curricular milestones with multispecialty involvement, including pediatrics. These competencies are the conceptual framework for the pediatric content in the HPM milestones. They are specific to the pediatric HPM subspecialist and should be integrated into the training of pediatric HPM subspecialists. They will serve a foundational role in HPM and should inform a wide range of emerging innovations, including the next evolution of HPM Competencies, development of HPM curricular milestones, and training of adult HPM and other pediatric subspecialists. They may also inform pediatric HPM outcome measures, as well as standards of practice and performance for pediatric HPM interdisciplinary teams. PMID:25404726

  11. Communicative Competence: Existing Concepts and Prospects for Further Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zascerinska, Jelena

    2010-01-01

    Communicative competence is set out to be of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The success of the sustainable development of communicative competence requires existing concepts of communicative competence

  12. Epidemiology Competency Development and Application to Training for Local and Regional Public Health Practitioners

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janet G. Baseman; Nicola Marsden-Haug; Marcia Goldoft; James L. Gale

    a SYNOPSIS In 2002, the Northwest Center for Public Health Practice (NWCPHP) at the Uni- versity of Washington initiated the Epidemiology Competencies Project, with the goal of developing competency-based epidemiology training for non-epi- demiologist public health practitioners in the northwestern United States. An advisory committee consisting of epidemiology faculty and experienced public health practitioners developed the epidemiology competencies. NWCPHP used

  13. Impact of Placement Type on the Development of Clinical Competency in Speech-Language Pathology Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheepway, Lyndal; Lincoln, Michelle; McAllister, Sue

    2014-01-01

    Background: Speech-language pathology students gain experience and clinical competency through clinical education placements. However, currently little empirical information exists regarding how competency develops. Existing research about the effectiveness of placement types and models in developing competency is generally descriptive and based

  14. Resource Guide to Competency-Based Vocational Education: Health Occupations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Phillip R., Comp.

    This resource guide for classroom teachers contains annotations of resources representing recent instructional development in competency-based education for health occupations. It is also intended to assist curriculum specialists, administrators, and supervisors in development of performance-based instructional programs. The guide is divided into…

  15. Resource Guide to Competency-Based Vocational Education: Distributive Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Phillip R., Comp.

    This resource guide for classroom teachers contains annotations of resources representing recent instructional development in competency-based education for distributive education. It is also intended to assist curriculum specialists, administrators, and supervisors in development of performance-based instructional programs. The guide is divided…

  16. How to Measure Critical Health Competences: Development and Validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steckelberg, Anke; Hulfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jurgen; Rost, Jurgen; Muhlhauser, Ingrid

    2009-01-01

    Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical…

  17. A competency-based longitudinal core curriculum in medical neuroscience.

    PubMed

    Merlin, Lisa R; Horak, Holli A; Milligan, Tracey A; Kraakevik, Jeff A; Ali, Imran I

    2014-07-29

    Current medical educational theory encourages the development of competency-based curricula. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's 6 core competencies for resident education (medical knowledge, patient care, professionalism, interpersonal and communication skills, practice-based learning, and systems-based practice) have been embraced by medical schools as the building blocks necessary for becoming a competent licensed physician. Many medical schools are therefore changing their educational approach to an integrated model in which students demonstrate incremental acquisition and mastery of all competencies as they progress through medical school. Challenges to medical schools include integration of preclinical and clinical studies as well as development of learning objectives and assessment measures for each competency. The Undergraduate Education Subcommittee (UES) of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) assembled a group of neuroscience educators to outline a longitudinal competency-based curriculum in medical neuroscience encompassing both preclinical and clinical coursework. In development of this curriculum, the committee reviewed United States Medical Licensing Examination content outlines, Liaison Committee on Medical Education requirements, prior AAN-mandated core curricula for basic neuroscience and clinical neurology, and survey responses from educators in US medical schools. The newly recommended curriculum provides an outline of learning objectives for each of the 6 competencies, listing each learning objective in active terms. Documentation of experiences is emphasized, and assessment measures are suggested to demonstrate adequate achievement in each competency. These guidelines, widely vetted and approved by the UES membership, aspire to be both useful as a stand-alone curriculum and also provide a framework for neuroscience educators who wish to develop a more detailed focus in certain areas of study. PMID:24975860

  18. Collaborative Learning and Competence Development in School Health Nursing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses' collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based

  19. Field-Initiated Administrator Competency Development: A Pilot Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donaldson, Gordon A., Jr.; Seager, Andrew

    Maine Bill L.D. 1228, passed in June 1985, changed the groundrules for administrator certification, giving district-based administrators and others (as opposed to universities) the planning, support, and review authority over competency development of candidates for administrator certification or recertification. Between July 1985 and September…

  20. Developing Narrative Competence through Reading and Writing Metafictive Texts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pantaleo, Sylvia

    2010-01-01

    The classroom-based research discussed in this article focuses on how elementary students' experiences with a collection of postmodern picturebooks developed their narrative competence. This article explores how 39 Grades 3 and 4 students' written and visual texts were affected by reading a particular selection of picturebooks. The students wrote…

  1. Development and Evaluation of Vocational Competency Measures. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chalupsky, Albert B.; And Others

    A series of occupational competency tests representing all seven vocational education curriculum areas were developed, field tested, and validated. Seventeen occupations were selected for competency test development: agricultural chemicals applications technician, farm equipment mechanic, computer operator, word processing specialist, apparel…

  2. VAE Pre-Certification Teacher Education Program: Competencies and Performance Objectives. Competency-Based Teacher Education Series No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI. Dept. of Vocational and Applied Arts Education.

    This booklet is one of a series which describes a competency-based teacher education program developed by the staff of the Department of Vocational and Applied Arts Education at Wayne State University. The program consists of competencies, performance objectives, needs assessment, delivery systems, and evaluation, and this booklet contains the…

  3. CNC Turning Technician. A Competency-Based Instructional System.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sloan, Kelly; Hilley, Robert

    This competency-based curriculum guide for instructing students in using computer numerically controlled (CNC) turning machines is one of a series of instructional guides for the machinist field developed in Oklahoma. Although developed jointly with Baxter Technologies Corporation and oriented toward the Baxter Vo-Tec 2000 Future Builder CNC…

  4. Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelms, Howard F.

    Intended for use at Eastern Illinois University in a model curriculum designed to prepare secondary school teachers in the field of residential building, this curriculum guide provides a competency-based preservice construction trades program. The guide is divided into thirteen units as follows: (1) pre-construction planning; (2) structural…

  5. Competencies for Web-based Instructional Designers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parhar, Madhu; Mishra, Sanjaya

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the results of an online survey that was conducted to investigate the competencies needed for instructional designers to prepare Web-based instruction. Highlights include analytical skills; creative ideas; design ability; handling course management tools; and similarities between instructional design for traditional instruction and for…

  6. The Henry street consortium population-based competencies for educating public health nursing students.

    PubMed

    Schaffer, Marjorie A; Cross, Sharon; Keller, Linda O; Nelson, Pamela; Schoon, Patricia M; Henton, Pat

    2011-01-01

    The Henry Street Consortium, a collaboration of nurse educators from universities and colleges and public health nurses (PHNs) from government, school, and community agencies, developed 11 population-based competencies for educating nursing students and the novice PHN. Although many organizations have developed competency lists for experts, the Consortium developed a set of competencies that clearly define expectations for the beginning PHN. The competencies are utilized by both education and practice. They guide nurse educators and PHNs in the creation of learning experiences that develop population-based knowledge and skills for baccalaureate nursing students. Public health nursing leaders use the competencies to frame their expectations and orientations for nurses who are new to public health nursing. This paper explains the meaning of each of the 11 population-based competencies and provides examples of student projects that demonstrate competency development. Strategies are suggested for nurse educators and PHNs to promote effective population-based student projects in public health agencies. PMID:21198818

  7. Developing a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sampson, Demetrios; Karampiperis, Pythagoras; Fytros, Demetrios

    2007-01-01

    Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non-formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues…

  8. Developing a common metadata model for competencies description

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Demetrios G. Sampson; Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Fytros

    2007-01-01

    Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non- formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues related with the definition of a common

  9. Planting Turf. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Legacy, Jim; And Others

    This competency-based curriculum unit on planting turf is one of four developed for classroom use in teaching the turf and lawn services area of horticulture. The eight sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered include…

  10. Health. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

    This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on health is divided into ten topics. The topics included are Nutrition, Reproduction, Menstruation, Contraception, Alcohol Abuse, Tobacco, Immunization, Disease, Accident Prevention, and…

  11. Competency Based Curriculum in Two Agribusiness Types. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Legacy, James

    A project was conducted to (1) validate meat processing and grain elevator operation tasks for Illinois by relevant agricultural businesses, (2) conduct a national review of teaching materials in the target agribusiness areas, and (3) provide inservice training and develop a self-instruction, competency-based curriculum guide for Illinois…

  12. Insects and Diseases. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Legacy, Jim; And Others

    This competency-based curriculum unit on insects and diseases is one of four developed for classroom use in teaching the turf and lawn services area of horticulture. The five sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered include…

  13. Competency-Based Carpentry: Let's Hear It from the Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKinney, Stephen A.

    1978-01-01

    The author, who assisted in developing Kentucky's 115 modules for carpentry instruction, describes his competency-based carpentry program in which students use sectional construction methods to build a house on school grounds which is later sold, dismantled, moved, and reassembled on the buyer's lot. (MF)

  14. Nursery Propagation. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Legacy, Jim; And Others

    This competency-based curriculum unit on nursery propagation is one of five developed for classroom use in teaching the landscape/nursery area of horticulture. The four sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered include…

  15. A Competency-Based Approach to Business Exploration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demaio, Genene; Ackley, R. Jon

    1982-01-01

    The importance of active student involvement is stressed in this discussion of a competency-based approach to career exploration. Five steps used in developing a one-semester, eighth-grade business exploration course are presented and described. Methods of teaching such a unit and advantages to this approach are discussed. (CT)

  16. Competency-Based Adult Education: The Past, Present and Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shelton, Elaine

    Although competency-based adult education (CBAE) has been practiced by teachers for centuries, the term was defined more fully and formal programs were developed around 1971. One of the prime forces in the growth of CBAE was the Adult Performance Level (APL) project at the University of Texas, a project that defined CBAE and produced suggested…

  17. Competency-based training in nursing: limits and possibilities.

    PubMed

    Tonhom, Silvia Franco da Rocha; Costa, Maria Cristina Guimarães da; Hamamoto, Cássia Galli; Francisco, Anete Maria; Moreira, Haydée Maria; Gomes, Romeu

    2014-12-01

    Objective To analyze the possibilities and limits of competency-based training in nursing. Method An integrative review of the literature on the subject was carried out, and an analysis was made of the results of a survey evaluating a nursing course based on areas of competency. A dialog was then established between the review and the results of the research. Results On the question of which theoretical type of competency the articles from the literature relate to, there is a predominance of the constructivist perspective, followed by the functionalist approach and the dialog-based approach. In the dialog between the literature and the research, limits and possibilities were observed in the development of a training by areas of competency. Conclusion The dialog-based approach to competency is the proposition that most approximates to the profile defined by the National Curriculum Guidelines for training in nursing, and this was also identified in the evaluation survey that was studied. However, it is found that there are aspects on better work is needed, such as: partnership between school and the workplace, the role of the teacher, the role of the student, and the process of evaluation. PMID:25830758

  18. Information Competency: Challenges and Strategies for Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, Sacramento.

    In 1996, the California Community College Board of Governors (BOG) issued a policy statement identifying information competency as a priority. Recognizing information competency as an academic and professional matter, in May 1999 the Chancellor delegated the issue of information competency as a graduation requirement to the Academic Senate for…

  19. Developing Cultural Competence: Mainstream Teachers and Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colombo, Michaela W.

    2007-01-01

    In response to the underachievement of its Latino children, one district implemented Parent Partnership for Achieving Literacy (PAL), a program to build cultural bridges between home and school. Professional development (PD) that helped mainstream teachers develop cultural competence to work effectively with Latino children and their families was…

  20. Using the Internet in Competency Based Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seguin, Armand

    This introduction to the Internet explains what it is, how to use it, and how it can be useful to those with an interest in competency-based education. The Internet is a network of over 14,000 networks as of August 1993, with 1,000 being added per month, and at least 1 million machines and 20 million people connected to it. There are several…

  1. Competing phases in iron-based superconductors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lu, Donghui

    2015-03-01

    A common aspect of high temperature superconductivity in both cuprates and iron-based superconductors is that it always appears in the vicinity of other competing phases, whose suppression brings the full emergence of superconductivity. In iron-based superconductors, the competing phases take the form of collinear spin-density-wave phase and nematic phase. Characterization of these competing phases and associated phase transitions is essential to establishing a comprehensive understanding of the phase diagram of high temperature superconductors and ultimately the mechanism of unconventional superconductivity. In this talk, I will present our angle-resolved photoemission study of different family of iron-based superconductors. Our early data on detwinned Ba(Fe1-xCox)2 As2 and NaFeAs not only revealed a symmetry breaking orbital anisotropy in the nematic phase, but also identified the spectroscopic signatures associated with each phase transition in our ARPES spectra. More recent results from underdoped Ba1-xKxFe2As2, on the other hand, provided the direct spectroscopic evidence for the coexistence and competition between SDW phase, nematic phase, and superconducting phase. Finally, our latest data on multilayer FeSe film demonstrate the presence of a nematic state without long range magnetic order, suggesting the importance of orbital degree of freedom in driving the nematicity. This work is supported by DOE Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division, under Contract DE-AC02-76SF00515.

  2. A Historical Perspective on the Development of the Concept "Competence"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zascerinska, Jelena

    2010-01-01

    Communicative competence that involves language (Druviete 2007, p. 12) is one of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The enhancement of students' communicative competence becomes particularly important for the…

  3. Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence through the Use of Portfolios

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Morris, Dianne; Norton, Romana A.

    2006-01-01

    This investigation tested the ability of portfolios to stimulate the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence within counselors-in-training and compared portfolios with another method of competence development, case formulation. Results indicate that portfolios benefit the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence, implications…

  4. Competence-Based Assessment in Professional Education Validation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thilakaratne, Ruffina; Kvan, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    This paper investigates the appropriateness of competence-based assessment in professional education validation, considering architectural education in Asia as a case study. Competence-based assessment originated in teacher training and vocational training settings in the USA and the UK. Competence-based assessment has been increasingly adopted by…

  5. Developing a Consensus-Driven, Core Competency Model to Shape Future Audio Engineering Technology Curriculum: A Web-Based Modified Delphi Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tough, David T.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this online study was to create a ranking of essential core competencies and technologies required by AET (audio engineering technology) programs 10 years in the future. The study was designed to facilitate curriculum development and improvement in the rapidly expanding number of small to medium sized audio engineering technology…

  6. The Development of Diagnostic Competence: Comparison of a Problem-Based, an Integrated, and a Conventional Medical Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Henk G.; And Others

    1996-01-01

    A Dutch study compared the clinical diagnostic skills of 612 medical students educated at schools with problem-based, integrated, or conventional curricula. Students responded to 30 case histories epidemiologically representative of Dutch society and all organ systems. Students trained within problem-based and integrated curricula made more…

  7. Competency Based Education Curriculum for Data Processing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

    This curriculum for data processing is organized into four learning modules. Each module is comprised of four to seven competencies. A student competency sheet provided for each competency is organized into this format: module and competency number and name, performance guide, learning activities, and an evaluation. Where appropriate, student…

  8. Achieving Competence-Based Curriculum in Engineering Education in Spain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MÓnica Edwards; Luis Manuel Sanchez-Ruiz; Carlos Sanchez-Diaz

    2009-01-01

    The fact of placing competences and outcomes learning at the heart of the academic activity means overhauling the curricular architecture of higher education in Europe. Some universities have undergone important transformations moving toward a competence-based learning environment, while others maintain traditional curriculum packaged formats. In the realm of the European Higher Education Area, this paper examines the use of competence-based

  9. Developing a culturally competent faith-based framework to promote breast cancer screening among Afghan immigrant women.

    PubMed

    Shirazi, Mehra; Shirazi, Aida; Bloom, Joan

    2015-02-01

    For the tens of thousands of Afghan immigrant women currently living in the USA, religious and cultural beliefs can act as a barrier to health care access. Islamic frameworks and men's gatekeeping roles often control women's decision-making power about their health care needs. Gatekeepers, however, can be reconceived as facilitators empowered to protect the well-being of the family, and positive messages within Islam can foster collaborative investment in women's health. Drawing upon a pilot study utilizing community-based participatory research involving the largest Afghan community in the USA, this paper documents the need for culturally sensitive faith-based education to promote breast cancer screening among this growing population. PMID:24198047

  10. Vocational Education Students' Generic Working Life Competencies: Developing a Self-Assessment Instrument

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyndt, Eva; Janssens, Ine; Coertjens, Liesje; Gijbels, David; Donche, Vincent; Van Petegem, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The current study reports on the process of developing a self-assessment instrument for vocational education students' generic working life competencies. The instrument was developed based on a competence framework and in close collaboration with several vocational education teachers and intermediary organisations offering various human…

  11. Personnel Development. A Plan to Produce and Distribute an Instructional Package for Teaching the Concepts of Competency-Based Instruction in Home Economics Pre-service Teacher Education Programs. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg.

    Described in this final report is the development of a plan to produce and distribute an instructional package for teaching the concepts of competency-based instruction in home economics pre-service education programs in the state of Virginia. Nine Virginia Universities (Virginia Polytechnic Institution and State University, Radford College, James…

  12. A Report on the Region V Conference on Competency Based Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Applegate, William K.; Weaver, Marita A.

    The conference report on competency based teacher education in Region 5 contains the full texts of 12 addresses by key conference participants: Personnel Development in Occupational Education in Illinois, Sherwood Dees; One State's (Illinois') Approach to Competency Based Teacher Education, William Reynolds; Planning for Personnel Development

  13. Linking quality goals and product development competences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Johanne Rønnow Olsen; Hanne Harmsen; Alan Friis

    2008-01-01

    Quality is a main determinant of consumer food choice. Product development is accordingly a key activity for companies, because it generates the products on the quality of which consumer choices are based. In this respect, product development managers have a focal role, as their personal quality orientation influence the way product development is performed. The aim of this paper is

  14. Competency Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Student Material.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

    This publication contains the student materials for the comptency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. These student materials consist of a student competency sheet for each of the 31 competencies (arranged in 10 learning modules) of the curriculum. Each competency sheet states the…

  15. Teacher's Guide for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Floriculture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

    This teacher's guide is designed to facilitate use of the West Virginia floriculture competency-based education (CBE) curriculum by instructors in floriculture programs. The curriculum is organized into 13 learning units, correlated with specific competencies. Each competency includes a learning checklist, learning activities, and evaluative…

  16. Science: Ohio's Model Competency-Based Program. Model Assessments Supporting Implementation. Competency-Based Education Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Curriculum, Instruction, and Professional Development.

    This document contains a set of model competency-based education (CBE) assessments that provide three types of assessment for students in grades 1-8 in science. Types of assessment include: traditional: multiple choice, short-answer, and open-ended items; performance-like: more authentic forms that involve students outside of the classroom; and…

  17. Outsourcing Competence

    E-print Network

    Bergstra, J A; van Vlijmen, S F M

    2011-01-01

    The topic of this paper, competences needed for outsourcing, is organized by first providing a generic competence scheme, which is subsequently instantiated to the area of sourcing and outsourcing. Sourcing and outsourcing are positioned as different areas of activity, neither one of which is subsumed under the other one. It is argued that competences relevant for outsourcing are mainly community based rather than evidence based. Subjective ability and objective ability are distinguished as categories, together making up ability, which are distinct but not necessarily disjoint from competence. Conjectural ability is introduced as a form of subjective ability. A person's competence profile includes competences as well as abilities, including subjective ones. Competence assessment and acquisition as well as the impact of assessed competence on practical work is described. The analysis of competence and ability thus developed is used as standpoint from which to extract a specification of an audience for a theory...

  18. Formal and Integrated Strategies for Competence Development in SMEs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kock, Henrik; Ellstrom, Per-Erik

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of the relationships among the workplace as a learning environment, strategies for competence development used by SMEs and learning outcomes. Specifically, there is a focus on a distinction between formal and integrated strategies for competence development, the conditions under which…

  19. Knowledge Management Model: Practical Application for Competency Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lustri, Denise; Miura, Irene; Takahashi, Sergio

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to present a knowledge management (KM) conceptual model for competency development and a case study in a law service firm, which implemented the KM model in a competencies development program. Design/methodology/approach: The case study method was applied according to Yin (2003) concepts, focusing a six-professional group…

  20. Texas A & I University Child Development Associate Training Materials: Book B. Competency B: Advancing Physical and Intellectual Competence in Young Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texas A and I Univ., Kingsville.

    This volume, the third in a series of seven, contains the eight learning modules which focus on the second Child Development Associate (CDA) competency, advancing physical and intellectual competence in young children, in the performance-based curriculum of the Texas A & I Bilingual Bicultural Child Development Associate Training Program. The…

  1. The Action Competence Approach and the "New" Discourses of Education for Sustainable Development, Competence and Quality Criteria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mogensen, Finn; Schnack, Karsten

    2010-01-01

    Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to…

  2. The action competence approach and the ‘new’ discourses of education for sustainable development, competence and quality criteria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Finn Mogensen; Karsten Schnack

    2010-01-01

    Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to the German notion of ‘Bildung’ and that the very essence

  3. Competences for Sustainable Development and Sustainability: Significance and Challenges for ESD

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mochizuki, Yoko; Fadeeva, Zinaida

    2010-01-01

    Purpose--The purpose of this paper is to draw attention of the education for sustainable development (ESD) community to recent discussions on competence approaches and to examine the adequacy of a competence-based model as the means of achieving educational and societal transformation towards sustainability. The paper analyses and highlights some…

  4. Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Teacher's Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

    This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. After the introduction, which provides a rationale for competency-based instruction in the prevocational curriculum, the following sections are included in the guide: development and validation of…

  5. Functional Management Competence and Growth of Young Technology-Based Firms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sören Salomo; Jan Brinckmann; Katrin Talke

    2008-01-01

    Acknowledging an increased research interest into the success factors for young technology-based firms in the last decade, the present study serves two main purposes. First, we aim at developing a comprehensive concept of functional management competence in young technology-based firms. Functional management competence covers the understanding of and proficiency in managing specific functional tasks ( Katz, 1974). As we focus

  6. Competence-Based Education and Training--About Frequently Asked Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mulder, Martin

    2012-01-01

    This article follows the author's previous piece on practical guidelines for the development of comprehensive competence-based education and training (Mulder, 2012). It is about the questions that have been and are still frequently asked in presentations, workshops and classes about the introduction of competence-based education. Here, the author…

  7. A Competency-Based Guided-Learning Algorithm Applied on Adaptively Guiding E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Wei-Chih; Li, Cheng-Hsiu

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a new algorithm called competency-based guided-learning algorithm (CBGLA), which can be applied on adaptively guiding e-learning. Computational process analysis and mathematical derivation of competency-based learning (CBL) were used to develop the CBGLA. The proposed algorithm could generate an effective adaptively guiding…

  8. Increasing Cultural Competence through Needs Assessment and Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Natasha L.; Bahr, Michael W.

    2014-01-01

    The increasing cultural diversity of American students makes it imperative for school-based professionals to engage in culturally-competent practice, thereby ensuring high-quality mental health services. Although most cultural competence training occurs in university programs, research shows practicing mental health professionals would benefit…

  9. Development of a measure of interpersonal communication competence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rebecca B. Rubin; Matthew M. Martin

    1994-01-01

    This article reports the development of a self?report Interpersonal Communication Competence Scale (ICCS) that taps 10 dimensions of competence: self?disclosure, empathy, social relaxation, assertiveness, interaction management, altercentrism, expressiveness, supportiveness, immediacy, and environmental control. First, we created the ICCS, reducing the number of items from an original 60 to 10. Then we established concurrent validity of the scale by looking at

  10. The Development and Test of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schreiber, Lisa M.; Paul, Gregory D.; Shibley, Lisa R.

    2012-01-01

    In response to the demand for increased accountability within the university classroom, there have been calls for a new generation of rubrics that effectively assess students' competence in several areas, including public speaking. This article describes the development, test, and factor analyses of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric (PSCR), an…

  11. Developing Cultural Competence in Working with Korean Immigrant Families

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kim, Irene J.; Kim, Luke I. C.; Kelly, James G.

    2006-01-01

    The authors provide an in-depth examination of the historical background, cultural values, family roles, and community contexts of Korean Americans as an aid to both researchers and clinicians in developing cultural competence with this particular group. First, the concept of cultural competence is defined. A brief history of Korean immigration…

  12. Using Role Play To Develop Cultural Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shearer, Ruth; Davidhizar, Ruth

    2003-01-01

    Role playing is a useful method for teaching cultural competence in nurse-patient situations. Successful implementation depends on identification of objectives and grading criteria, adequate time, guidelines for role specifications, monitoring of the process, delineation of the relationship to theory, and facilitation of constructive analysis.…

  13. Ohio State University Extension Competency Study: Developing a Competency Model for a 21st Century Extension Organization

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochran, Graham Ralph

    2009-01-01

    The literature on competency-based human resource (HR) management provides a strong case for moving from a jobs-based to a competency-based approach to human resources. There is agreement in the literature (Dubois, Rothwell, Stern, & Kemp, 2004; Lucia & Lepsinger, 1999) on the benefits of using competencies throughout HR systems and impact has…

  14. Developing cultural competence in health care settings. National Center for Cultural Competence.

    PubMed

    2002-01-01

    Increasing cultural and linguistic competence in health care settings is important for several reasons, including: responding to current and projected demographic changes in the United States; eliminating long-standing disparities in the health status of people of diverse racial, ethnic, and cultural backgrounds; improving quality of both services provided and health outcomes; meeting legislative, regulatory, and accreditation mandates; gaining a competitive edge in the market place; and decreasing the likelihood of liability/malpractice claims. Changes in policies, structures, practices, and procedures are often needed to bring about improvements in this arena. To support the process of change, The National Center for Cultural Competence (NCCC) was funded to increase the capacity of health care and mental health systems, institutions, programs, and providers to design, implement, and evaluate service delivery systems for cultural and linguistic competence. Several checklists developed by the NCCC are presented here for use by individual practitioners, programs, and institutions in assessing aspects of cultural competence. PMID:11962178

  15. "The Arm of the Chair Is Where You Use For To Write": Developing Strategic Competence in a Second Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tarone, Elaine

    The distinction between grammatical, sociolinguistic, and strategic competence as components of communicative competence is useful for helping students develop spoken language skills in English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) instruction. When individual speakers demonstrate strategic competence, they will use a range of expressions based on: (1) the…

  16. Competent information search in the World Wide Web: Development and evaluation of a web training for pupils

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Gerjets; Tina Hellenthal-Schorr

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the development and empirical evaluation of a web training for pupils (CIS-WEB, Competent Information Search in the World Wide WEB) which aims to convey prerequisite knowledge and skills that are necessary for a competent search for information on the web. The web training focuses on competent information handling and is based on two theoretical analyses. First, a

  17. Moral competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.

    PubMed

    Ma, Hing Keung

    2012-01-01

    Moral competence refers to the affective orientation to perform altruistic behaviors and the ability to judge moral issues logically. A five-stage theory of moral development is proposed. Both western and Chinese perspectives are incorporated in the elaboration of the characteristics of each stage. A brief review of the antecedents of moral competence is presented. The relationship between moral competence and adolescent developmental outcomes is also discussed. Some practical ways to promote moral competence are suggested. School-based programs may be effective in the promotion of moral competence provided it is based on all-round or whole-person development and the length of the program should be sufficiently long. PMID:22629153

  18. The transition to competency-based pediatric training in the United Arab Emirates.

    PubMed

    Ibrahim, Halah; Al Tatari, Hossam; Holmboe, Eric S

    2015-01-01

    Although competency-based medical education has become the standard for physician training in the West, many developing countries have not yet adopted competency-based training. In 2009 in the United Arab Emirates, the government regulatory and operational authorities for healthcare in Abu Dhabi mandated a wide-scale reform of the emirate's postgraduate residency programs to the competency-based framework of the newly formed Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-International (ACGME-I). This article briefly describes the rationale for competency-based medical education and provides an overview of the transition from traditional, time-based residency training to competency-based postgraduate medical education for the Pediatrics residency programs in Abu Dhabi. We will provide data on the initial impact of this transition on resident performance and patient outcomes in a Pediatrics residency program in an academic medical center in the United Arab Emirates. PMID:25889202

  19. Mandated Competency-Based Teacher Certification and the Public Interest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spaulding, Robert L.

    Responding to the current lack of an empirical basis for competency-based teacher certification, Georgia has mandated studies leading to the establishment of empirical criteria. In the Carroll County Competency-Based Teacher Certification Project, the instructional behaviors of some 60 certified teachers and the classroom behaviors of the…

  20. Adaptive Learning Objects Sequencing for Competence-Based Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson

    2006-01-01

    Lifelong learning refers to the activities people perform throughout their life to improve their competence in a particular field. Although adaptive educational hypermedia systems (AEHS) bare the potential to provide personalized learning experiences based on individual's knowledge, skills, and competencies, so far they have been confined in the provision of knowledge resources that are adaptively selected based on the structure

  1. Interlanguage Pragmatic Development: The Relation between Pragmalinguistic Competence and Sociopragmatic Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chang, Yuh-Fang

    2011-01-01

    The past few years saw significant advances in the field of interlanguage pragmatics development since several researchers' call for more studies focusing on the development of pragmatic competence of second or foreign language learners. The existing literature, however, still leaves us an incomplete picture of the nature of the relation between…

  2. Beyond NAVMEC: competency-based veterinary education and assessment of the professional competencies.

    PubMed

    Hodgson, Jennifer L; Pelzer, Jacquelyn M; Inzana, Karen D

    2013-01-01

    The implementation of competency-based curricula within the health sciences has been an important paradigm shift over the past 30 years. As a result, one of the five strategic goals recommended by the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium (NAVMEC) report was to graduate career-ready veterinarians who are proficient in, and have the confidence to use, an agreed-upon set of core competencies. Of the nine competencies identified as essential for veterinary graduates, seven could be classified as professional or non-technical competencies: communication; collaboration; management (self, team, system); lifelong learning, scholarship, value of research; leadership; diversity and multicultural awareness; and adaptation to changing environments. Traditionally, the professional competencies have received less attention in veterinary curricula and their assessment is often sporadic or inconsistent. In contrast, the same or similar competencies are being increasingly recognized in other health professions as essential skills and abilities, and their assessment is being undertaken with enhanced scrutiny and critical appraisal. Several challenges have been associated with the assessment of professional competencies, including agreement as to their definition and therefore their evaluation, the fact that they are frequently complex and require multiple integrative assessments, and the ability and/or desire of faculty to teach and assess these competencies. To provide an improved context for assessment of the seven professional competencies identified in the NAVMEC report, this article describes a broad framework for their evaluation as well as specific examples of how these or similar competencies are currently being measured in medical and veterinary curricula. PMID:23709107

  3. Illustrations for a Competency Based Curriculum Guide: Ethanol Spark Ignition Engine Conversion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of Adult, Vocational and Technical Education.

    This document contains 56 illustrations for use in an Illinois-developed competency-based course in ethanol spark ignition engine conversion. Each illustration is related to a specific competency in the course curriculum guide. Illustrations, which include photographs and line drawings, cover some of the following topics: carburetion, compression,…

  4. Discovery of novel peptides regulating competence development in Streptococcus mutans.

    PubMed

    Ahn, Sang-Joon; Kaspar, Justin; Kim, Jeong Nam; Seaton, Kinda; Burne, Robert A

    2014-11-01

    A MarR-like transcriptional repressor (RcrR) and two predicted ABC efflux pumps (RcrPQ) encoded by a single operon were recently shown to be dominant regulators of stress tolerance and development of genetic competence in the oral pathogen Streptococcus mutans. Here, we focused on polar (?rcrR-P) and nonpolar (?rcrR-NP) rcrR mutants, which are hyper- and nontransformable, respectively, to dissect the mechanisms by which these mutations impact competence. We discovered two open reading frames (ORFs) in the 3' end of the rcrQ gene that encode peptides of 27 and 42 amino acids (aa) which are also dramatically upregulated in the ?rcrR-NP strain. Deletion of, or start codon mutations in, the ORFs for the peptides in the ?rcrR-NP background restored competence and sensitivity to competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) to levels seen in the ?rcrR-P strain. Overexpression of the peptides adversely affected competence development. Importantly, overexpression of mutant derivatives of the ABC exporters that lacked the peptides also resulted in impaired competence. FLAG-tagged versions of the peptides could be detected in S. mutans, and FLAG tagging of the peptides impaired their function. The competence phenotypes associated with the various mutations, and with overexpression of the peptides and ABC transporters, were correlated with the levels of ComX protein in cells. Collectively, these studies revealed multiple novel mechanisms for regulation of competence development by the components of the rcrRPQ operon. Given their intimate role in competence and stress tolerance, the rcrRPQ-encoded peptides may prove to be useful targets for therapeutics to diminish the virulence of S. mutans. PMID:25135217

  5. Future Perfect: A Guide for Professional Development and Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Kathleen; And Others

    A professional development plan for a career in campus activities is presented, along with suggestions for implementing the plan. Attention is directed to: professional development as an ongoing process, steps to develop competence, how people learn, personal qualities needed by a student development professional, areas of knowledge and traits…

  6. OUTCOMES OF ANTHROPOLOGICALLY BASED CULTURAL COMPETENCY EDUCATION FOR DOCTORAL STUDENTS IN PHYSICAL THERAPY

    E-print Network

    Drassen Ham, Amy

    2013-08-31

    Researchers have developed tools to assess the impact of cultural awareness, sensitivity, and competency programs in health services. These tools are unreliable, lacking in validity, based on provider self-report, and ...

  7. Competency-Based Education and the Factors Influencing Its Implementation in Traditional Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joyner, Charles W.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the implementation of competency-based education and the Developing a Curriculum process (DACUM) in Canada. Provides definitions of the processes and their impact on school administrators, faculty and staff, and students. (JOW)

  8. Gardener and Landscape Worker. Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Long, Diana

    This secondary-level, competency-based curriculum contains modules for Gardener and Landscape Worker. A companion teacher's guide is available separately--see note. Each module contains a number of West Virginia-validated Gardener and Landscape Worker tasks/competencies with a performance guide listing the steps needed to perform each task,…

  9. Evaluation of a Competency Based Educational Administration Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, John L.

    1977-01-01

    The Occupational Education Administration Project at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale was developed to prepare vocational education administrators. Evaluation of the project was intended to determine the extent to which participation was related to student learning and on-the-job competence after graduation. The project was competency

  10. Career Guidance on the Cutting Edge of Competency-Based Assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mariane Gfroerer

    2000-01-01

    This article describes New Hampshire's efforts in developing and implementing a Competency-Based Transcript for secondary education. The Competency-Based Transcript is a method of recording the attainment of skills as well as traditional educational learning represented by grades, test scores, etc. The impact, on students' developing self-esteem, of the opportunity to demonstrate learned skills is discussed. The role of Career Guidance

  11. Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pant, Laxmi Prasad

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new…

  12. Competency Based Curriculum for Real Estate Agent.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCloy, Robert J.

    This publication is a curriculum and teaching guide for preparing real estate agents in the state of West Virginia. The guide contains 30 units, or lessons. Each lesson is designed to cover three to five hours of instruction time. Competencies provided for each lesson are stated in terms of what the student should be able to do as a result of the…

  13. Bidirectional Associations Among Sensitive Parenting, Language Development, and Social Competence

    PubMed Central

    Barnett, Melissa A.; Gustafsson, Hanna; Deng, Min; Mills-Koonce, W. Roger; Cox, Martha

    2014-01-01

    Rapid changes in language skills and social competence, both of which are linked to sensitive parenting, characterize early childhood. The present study examines bidirectional associations among mothers’ sensitive parenting and children’s language skills and social competence from 24 to 36 months in a community sample of 174 families. In addition, this study examines how these developmental pathways vary by child sex. Findings indicate stability across time in sensitive parenting, expressive language skills, and social competence, as well as positive main effects of sensitive parenting on expressive and receptive language skills for girls and boys. We find mixed evidence over time of reciprocal links between social competence and sensitive parenting. Further, boys’ receptive language skills at 24 months uniquely contribute to increases in mothers’ observed sensitive parenting from 24 to 36 months. These findings highlight the utility of applying transactional frameworks to the study of sex-based differences in early developmental processes. PMID:25126021

  14. Development of Entry-Level Competence Tests: A Strategy for Evaluation of Vocational Education Training Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schutte, Marc; Spottl, Georg

    2011-01-01

    Developing countries such as Malaysia and Oman have recently established occupational standards based on core work processes (functional clusters of work objects, activities and performance requirements), to which competencies (performance determinants) can be linked. While the development of work-process-based occupational standards is supposed…

  15. Social Competency and New Product Development Performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jifeng Mu; Gengmiao Zhang; Douglas L. MacLachlan

    2011-01-01

    Previous studies have fruitfully investigated the suc- cess factors of new product development. Most of these studies explored the phenomenon from the firm\\/team level. Little has been done from the perspective of how individuals within new prod- uct teams contribute to new product development (NPD) and its performance. Yet, any organizational output should be imputable to specific individuals, and understanding

  16. A Competency-Based Technical Training Model That Embraces Learning Flexibility and Rewards Competency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yasinski, Lee

    2014-01-01

    Today's adult learners are continuously searching for successful programs with added learner flexibility, a positive learning experience, and the best education for their investment. Red Deer College's unique competency based welder apprenticeship training model fulfills this desire for many adult learners.

  17. The development of an online measure of therapist competence?

    PubMed Central

    Cooper, Zafra; Doll, Helen; Bailey-Straebler, Suzanne; Kluczniok, Dorothea; Murphy, Rebecca; O'Connor, Marianne E.; Fairburn, Christopher G.

    2015-01-01

    The topic of therapist training has been relatively neglected in the research literature. Similarly, the related issue of the measurement of the outcome of training, especially therapist competence, has been largely overlooked. Data supporting the effectiveness of various methods of clinician training and those providing estimates of the level of competence achieved by clinicians are scarce. Validated scalable methods for the measurement of clinician outcomes such as competence are required to evaluate both existing and new methods of training. This study focuses on the development and testing of an online measure (eMeasure) to assess therapists' applied knowledge of Enhanced Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT-E), a transdiagnostic evidence-supported treatment for the full range of eating disorders. The eMeasure meets the stringent requirements of the Rasch model and has three equivalent versions making it suitable for repeat testing of trainees in outcome studies. Preliminary best cut points to distinguish between those who are competent and those who are not are identified. While the present work focused on CBT-E, the method described may be used to develop and test other measures relating to therapist competence. PMID:25528502

  18. Nine Constructs of Cultural Competence for Curriculum Development

    PubMed Central

    Brookover, Cecile; Kennedy, Kathleen

    2010-01-01

    Objective To examine the self-administered Clinical Cultural Competency Questionnaire (CCCQ) and assess the perceived level of cultural competence of students in Xavier University of Louisiana College of Pharmacy to guide curriculum development within the 4-year academic program. Methods The CCCQ was administrated to each class of pharmacy students during spring 2009. Exploratory factor analysis with principal components and varimax rotation was conducted to build the constructs explaining the factors measuring students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Results Nine factors, including 46 items extracted from the CCCQ and explaining 79% of the total variance, were found as the best fit to measure students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Conclusions The CCCQ was found to be a practical, valid, and reliable self-assessment instrument to measure the perceived level of pharmacy students' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and encounters in cross-cultural environments. The questionnaire allowed the identification of students' needs for training in cultural competence and the development of a curriculum tailored to satisfy those needs. PMID:21436922

  19. Developing and Measuring Competence in West Africa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Engvold, Michael; Ingerslev, Poul

    1992-01-01

    Describes the development of a staff evaluation method for a West African diesel power plant extension, focusing on project constraints, individual job performance, maintenance staff group performance, unscheduled emergency exercises, unplanned shutdowns and other critical incidents, and observation of staff behavior during shifts. Outlines staff…

  20. The Development of Competent Marketing Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Ian; Tsarenko, Yelena; Wagstaff, Peter; Powell, Irene; Steel, Marion; Brace-Govan, Jan

    2009-01-01

    The process of transition from university undergraduate to business professional is a crucial stage in the development of a business career. This study examines both graduate and employer perspectives on the essential skills and knowledge needed by marketing professionals to successfully perform their roles. From in-depth interviews with 14…

  1. Evaluation of competence-based teaching in higher education: From theory to practice.

    PubMed

    Bergsmann, Evelyn; Schultes, Marie-Therese; Winter, Petra; Schober, Barbara; Spiel, Christiane

    2015-10-01

    Competence-based teaching in higher education institutions and its evaluation have become a prevalent topic especially in the European Union. However, evaluation instruments are often limited, for example to single student competencies or specific elements of the teaching process. The present paper provides a more comprehensive evaluation concept that contributes to sustainable improvement of competence-based teaching in higher education institutions. The evaluation concept considers competence research developments as well as the participatory evaluation approach. The evaluation concept consists of three stages. The first stage evaluates whether the competencies students are supposed to acquire within the curriculum (ideal situation) are well defined. The second stage evaluates the teaching process and the competencies students have actually acquired (real situation). The third stage evaluates concrete aspects of the teaching process. Additionally, an implementation strategy is introduced to support the transfer from the theoretical evaluation concept to practice. The evaluation concept and its implementation strategy are designed for internal evaluations in higher education and primarily address higher education institutions that have already developed and conducted a competence-based curriculum. PMID:25847854

  2. Use of Simulation Activities in Developing Counselor Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westwood, Marvin

    1994-01-01

    Reviews the rationale for the use of simulation and game exercises as part of counselor education programs. Counselor competencies in the areas of knowledge, skills, and self-awareness are discussed; and the use of experience-based learning activities is explained, including the debriefing stage. (Contains three references.) (LRW)

  3. Entrepreneurship Competencies for Vocational Curriculum Development. Instructor's Handbook. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmieri, D. Frank; Vecchiola, Leonard C.

    This handbook is intended to assist vocational teachers and administrators in preparing vocational curricula that include materials for developing teacher- and business-identified entrepreneurship competencies. The handbook begins with a discussion of the need to infuse entrepreneurship education into all areas of vocational education. The next…

  4. Development of Examinations for Assessment of Occupational Competency. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ross, Raymond J.

    The objectives of the two-year project were to develop new occupational competency examinations for seven occupational areas--automotive mechanics, carpentry, chef, electrician (residential), industrial electronics, machine drafting, and machine trades--and subject the written examinations to a validation procedure. Vocational trade teachers were…

  5. Generative Adaptation and Reuse of Competence Development Programmes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dodero, Juan Manuel; Zarraonandia, Telmo; Fernandez, Camino; Diez, David

    2007-01-01

    Instructional engineering provides methods to conduct the design and adaptation of competence development programmes by the combination of diverse learning components (i.e. units of learning, learning activities, learning resources and learning services). It occurs through an established process workflow in which models with diverse levels of…

  6. The Challenges in Developing VET Competencies in E-Commerce.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, John

    A formative evaluation was begun of an innovative project funded by the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) to develop competencies and qualifications in e-commerce. The formative evaluation was designed to focus on inputs, processes, and interim outputs, identifying both good practice and areas for improvement. Findings to date…

  7. School of Science Educational Goals Endeavor to develop science competency

    E-print Network

    Li, Kin-Yin

    the importance of compliance with the ethics of science and being a responsible citizen towards their communitySchool of Science Educational Goals Endeavor to develop science competency Educate our students and working lives. Intended learning outcome of science students Upon graduation, students should: 1. Be able

  8. Developing Intercultural Competence through Global Link Experiences in Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ko, Bomna; Boswell, Boni; Yoon, Seok

    2015-01-01

    Background: Recognition of the importance of the development of intercultural competence (ICC) has placed intense pressure on teacher education programs to infuse a global perspective into their programs. Several studies have proposed integration of global elements into teacher education programs. Although the use of online tools for…

  9. "Exercices de style": Developing Multiple Competencies through a Writing Portfolio

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paesani, Kate

    2006-01-01

    This article presents a writing portfolio project whose primary goal is to integrate the development of proficiency skills, content knowledge, and grammatical competence through literary study. Excerpts from Queneau's (1947) "Exercices de style," which tells the same story 99 times, serve as the basis for this portfolio project: These excerpts are…

  10. Linguistic Perspectives on the Development of Intercultural Competence in Telecollaboration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belz, Julie A.

    2003-01-01

    Presents a case study of the development of intercultural competence in a German-American e-mail partnership by examining the electronic interaction produced in this exchange within the framework of appraisal theory, a Hallidayan-inspired linguistic approach to the investigation of evaluative language. (VWL)

  11. Models as Feedback: Developing Representational Competence in Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padalkar, Shamin; Hegarty, Mary

    2015-01-01

    Spatial information in science is often expressed through representations such as diagrams and models. Learning the strengths and limitations of these representations and how to relate them are important aspects of developing scientific understanding, referred to as "representational competence." Diagram translation is particularly…

  12. Credibility and Competence: Key Characteristics of Development Communicators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Byrnes, Francis C.

    Agricultural extension systems in the developing countries have, with few exceptions, failed to increase agricultural productivity adequately. Many of the change agent failures can be traced to their lack of credibility. They are not trusted or respected because farmers have learned that many are not technically competent. Good agricultural…

  13. Promoting Ego Development and Multicultural Competence during Internship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cannon, Edward P.; Frank, Dennis

    2009-01-01

    This research involved an exploratory intervention to determine the effectiveness of using a deliberate psychological education (DPE) approach that incorporated issues of ethics, multicultural competence, oppression and diversity. The study attempted to discern if the DPE model used could make a difference in the promotion of ego development

  14. Developing Intercultural Competence in University Staff: Augmenting Internationalisation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrew, Helen

    2012-01-01

    The primary aim of this research was to consider the benefit of providing professional development in intercultural competence for general staff at Deakin University. While the question arose from a disparity identified in the University policies, the importance of this consideration was highlighted in an impending audit to be conducted by AUQA,…

  15. Design of the Accounting Course Focusing on the Development of Competences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ciudad-Gomez, Adelaida

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work is to develop a proposal for a methodology in the university environment that enables us to design our course with an approach based on the development and acquisition of competences within the framework of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), allowing a transition from a model focused on teaching to a model focused on…

  16. Considering Transversal Competences, Personality and Reputation in the Context of the Teachers' Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cepic, Renata; Vorkapic, Sanja Tatalovic; Loncaric, Darko; Andic, Dunja; Mihic, Sanja Skocic

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to provide guidelines for reflection and improvement of transversal competences of teachers in the field of self-regulation, education for sustainable development and inclusion in the context of their continuing professional development. Also, the moderatory effect of personality based on literature analysis and insight…

  17. Competency-based medical education: the wave of the future.

    PubMed

    Caccia, Nicolette; Nakajima, Amy; Kent, Nancy

    2015-04-01

    Competency-based medical education (CBME) is a new educational paradigm that will enable the medical education community to meet societal, patient, and learner needs of the 21st century. CBME offers a renewed commitment to both clinical and educational outcomes, a new focus on assessment and developmental milestones, a mechanism to promote a true continuum of medical education, and a method to promote learner-centred curricula in the context of accountability. Accountability is central to CBME, ensuring that graduating practitioners are well-rounded and competent to provide safe and effective patient care. The structure of CBME in obstetrics and gynaecology must be rooted in, and reflect, Canadian practice. Its development and implementation require an understanding of the principles that are the foundation of CBME, along with the involvement of the entire community of obstetricians and gynaecologists and other maternity care providers. We provide here an overview of the basic principles of teaching and learning and the theories underpinning CBME. PMID:26001689

  18. The promise of competency-based education in the health professions for improving global health

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Competency-based education (CBE) provides a useful alternative to time-based models for preparing health professionals and constructing educational programs. We describe the concept of ‘competence’ and ‘competencies’ as well as the critical curricular implications that derive from a focus on ‘competence’ rather than ‘time’. These implications include: defining educational outcomes, developing individualized learning pathways, setting standards, and the centrality of valid assessment so as to reflect stakeholder priorities. We also highlight four challenges to implementing CBE: identifying the health needs of the community, defining competencies, developing self-regulated and flexible learning options, and assessing learners for competence. While CBE has been a prominent focus of educational reform in resource-rich countries, we believe it has even more potential to align educational programs with health system priorities in more resource-limited settings. Because CBE begins with a careful consideration of the competencies desired in the health professional workforce to address health care priorities, it provides a vehicle for integrating the health needs of the country with the values of the profession. PMID:23157696

  19. Infusing Cultural Competence and Advocacy into Strength-Based Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grothaus, Tim; McAuliffe, Garett; Craigen, Laurie

    2012-01-01

    Strength-based counseling represents a welcome shift from prevailing deficit perspectives. However, the literature often treats enhancing strengths as an acultural concept, minimizing or ignoring the essential role of culture in forming and defining strengths. Integrating cultural competence and advocacy into strength-based practice is examined as…

  20. Do Higher Education Institutions Make a Difference in Competence Development? A Model of Competence Production at University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salas Velasco, Manuel

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a model of competence development required of graduates at work which suggests that universities make a difference when they add value to their students. They add value by ensuring that their modes of teaching and learning, and assessment positively enhance the competencies of their students which are important in the labor…

  1. Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project--Final Report. Executive Summary [and] Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project: Final Report on House Bill 1909

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2006

    2006-01-01

    This publication contains the following: (1) Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project--Final Report. Executive Summary (January 2006); and (2) Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project: Final Report on House Bill 1909 (January 2005). In 2003, the legislature and governor enacted House Bill 1909 to create a pilot project on competency-based transfer…

  2. Developing and implementing core competencies for integrative medicine fellowships.

    PubMed

    Ring, Melinda; Brodsky, Marc; Low Dog, Tieraona; Sierpina, Victor; Bailey, Michelle; Locke, Amy; Kogan, Mikhail; Rindfleisch, James A; Saper, Robert

    2014-03-01

    The Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine defines integrative medicine as "the practice of medicine that reaffirms the importance of the relationship between practitioner and patient, focuses on the whole person, is informed by evidence, and makes use of all appropriate therapeutic approaches, health care professionals, and disciplines to achieve optimal health and healing." Over the past three decades, the U.S. public increasingly has sought integrative medicine approaches. In an effort to train medical professionals to adequately counsel patients on the safe and appropriate use of these approaches, medical schools and residencies have developed curricula on integrative medicine for their trainees. In addition, integrative medicine clinical fellowships for postresidency physicians have emerged to provide training for practitioners interested in gaining greater expertise in this emerging field. Currently, 13 clinical fellowships in integrative medicine exist in the United States, and they are predominantly connected to academic medical centers or teaching affiliate hospitals. In 2010, the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine, represented by 56 member academic health care institutions with a shared commitment to advance the principles and practices of integrative medicine, convened a two-year task force to draft integrative medicine fellowship core competencies. These competencies would guide fellowship curriculum development and ensure that graduates possessed a common body of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. In this article, the authors discuss the competencies and the task force's process to develop them, as well as associated teaching and assessment methods, faculty development, potential barriers, and future directions. PMID:24448047

  3. Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos

    PubMed Central

    Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B. M.

    2013-01-01

    Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother–offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence. PMID:24127600

  4. "How Was Your Weekend?": Developing the Interactional Competence in Managing Routine Inquiries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waring, Hansun Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Given the cross-cultural differences underlying interactional routines such as "How are you?" or "How was your weekend?", managing such routine inquiries can be problematic for second language learners. Based on data from an adult ESL (English as a second language) class, this conversation analytic study shows how learners develop their competence

  5. Secondary-Postsecondary Curriculum Development in Automotive Mechanics. Automotive Electrical Competencies. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoepner, Ronald

    Developed as part of a competency-based curriculum in automotive mechanics which is usable by students at both the secondary and postsecondary levels, this learning package focuses on automotive electrical systems. It is the first unit to be published in a series of eight which will cover the eight subject areas on the national certification…

  6. How Can Teachers' Entrepreneurial Competences Be Developed? A Collaborative Learning Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peltonen, Katariina

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of collaborative learning in the development of teachers' entrepreneurial competences in the school context at primary, secondary and vocational levels of education. Design/methodology/approach: The research is based on an interpretative and collaborative learning approach to teachers'…

  7. Occupational Home Economics Education Series. Catering Services. Competency Based Teaching Module.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowe, Phyllis; And Others

    This module, one of ten competency based modules developed for vocational home economics teachers, is based on a job cluster in the catering industry. It is designed for use with a variety of levels of learners (secondary, postsecondary, adult) in both school and non-school educational settings. Focusing on two levels of employment, food caterer…

  8. Articulation of Competency Based Education for Nursing. Final Report, 1974-75.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mount Hood Community Coll., Gresham, OR.

    This project sought to develop a competency based curriculum for Associate Degree Nursing that would be a logical outgrowth of the principles on which student performance outcomes and measurable exit criteria were based. The report includes the products, processes, and evaluation of each of the following project objectives: identification of the…

  9. Automotive Technician. A Competency-Based Curriculum Designed To Prepare Students for Entry-Level Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vocational Curriculum Resource Center of Maine, Fairfield.

    This curriculum guide is designed to assist instructors in the development and implementation of a comprehensive, competency-based automotive curriculum. It contains an instructional unit for each task listed on the enclosed job analysis or DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) chart. These units include introduction, performance objectives, suggested…

  10. Quality Evaluation and Quality Enhancement in Preschool: A Model of Competence Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sheridan, Sonja

    2001-01-01

    Examined whether preschool quality could be enhanced through competence development in teaching staff simultaneous to organizational changes and financial cutbacks. Tested a model for competence development with an intervention group that took part in a competence development program. Found that the development work led to a higher quality in…

  11. The core competencies and MFT education: practical aspects of transitioning to a learning-centered, outcome-based pedagogy.

    PubMed

    Gehart, Diane

    2011-07-01

    The MFT core competencies and latest COAMFTE accreditation standards usher in a new paradigm for MFT education. This transition necessitates not only measuring student mastery of competencies but also, more importantly, adopting a contemporary pedagogical model. This article provides an overview of the changes, a review of parallel trends in other health professions, definitions of learning-centered and outcome-based pedagogy, and a detailed description of a systematic approach for developing a competency-based curriculum, including a list of educator competencies necessary for successful implementation. PMID:21745236

  12. Pilot training program for developing disaster nursing competencies among undergraduate students in China.

    PubMed

    Pang, Samantha M C; Chan, Sunshine S S; Cheng, Yichuan

    2009-12-01

    As nurses constitute the largest group of health-care providers, their readiness to respond to disasters and to participate in preparedness and disaster recovery activities will be significant for making a community more resilient against disaster. Concern is raised regarding how to build the capacity of all nurses with a knowledge base and a minimum set of skills in responding to various disasters. Drawing on the ICN Framework of Disaster Nursing Competencies and Global Standards for the Initial Education of Professional Nurses and Midwives, a training program entitled "Introduction to Disaster Nursing" was developed. Four teaching methods including action learning, problem-based learning, skill training, and lecture were used to orchestrate a series of planned activities for helping students develop the required disaster nursing competencies in a 2-week intensive training program held in Sichuan China in July 2009. The pre- and post-tests which were given to assess the students' perceived level of competencies demonstrated a significant gain in relevant knowledge and skills constituting the required competencies upon completion of the program. In the program evaluation, most students indicated their willingness and capability in disaster relief work under supervision, and they were keen to advance their competencies in the field of disaster nursing. PMID:19909443

  13. Competency-Based Teacher Education; Progress, Problems, and Prospects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houston, W. Robert, Ed.; Howsam, Robert B., Ed.

    This volume is an outgrowth of the 1971 conference on competency-based teacher education at the University of Houston. The authors deal with topics which concern the conference participants. The topics include a) change and challenge in teacher education, b) explicit objectives, c) curriculum design, d) evaluation of teaching behavior, e)…

  14. A Competency-Based Teacher Education Program in Elementary Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook.

    This document describes the elementary education program to be initiated at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. It is an individualized, modularized, personalized program consistent with the competency-based mode. Requirements for entrance into the program and the expected skills, knowledge, and attitudes required for program…

  15. Competency-Based Inservice Instruction for Home Economics Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meszaros, Peggy S.; Baird, Joan

    1979-01-01

    A study investigated the effectiveness of two competency-based in-service workshops for home economics teachers in Maryland. Teachers who participated in the workshops spent more time individualizing instruction and were perceived by their students as being more concerned for them as individuals. (JH)

  16. Prevocational Exploration Communications and Media. Competency-Based Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marshall Univ., Huntington, WV. Dept. of Occupational, Adult, and Safety Education.

    This competency-based communications and media-cluster curriculum is designed for use by teachers and students at the early high school level during the exploration of a variety of occupations. The purpose of the materials is to assist students in assessing whether or not they would like to prepare for these kinds of occupations. The curriculum…

  17. Competency Based Curriculum for Prevocational Exploration Consumer and Homemaking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reese, Clara; Chenoweth, Roberta

    This competency-based prevocational exploration curriculum is designed to provide occupational information and hands-on experiences pertaining to consumer and homemaking occupations to ninth- and tenth-grade students. The curriculum consists of 45 learning pacs, 43 of which cover one service occupation each. Information for each service occupation…

  18. Competency-Based Education Programs: A Library Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanders, Colleen

    2015-01-01

    Competency-based education (CBE) is an emerging model for higher education designed to reduce certain barriers to educational attainment. This essay describes CBE and the challenges and opportunities for academic librarians desiring to serve students and faculty in Library and Information Management Master of Library Science (MLS) programs. Every…

  19. Medical Assistant: Task Analyses. Competency-Based Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newport News Public Schools, VA.

    This task analysis guide is designed to be used in combination with the "Health Occupations Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in the Medical Assistant program in Virginia. The task analysis guide contains the task inventory, suggested task sequence lists, and content outlines for the specific courses…

  20. Competency-Based Requirements: They Do Affect Catholic Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olsen, John D.; Umphries, Joseph

    1979-01-01

    The National Catholic Educational Association (NCEA) polled all state and diocese-level Catholic school officials in the nation on their knowledge of and attitudes toward the competency-based education movement and its application to Catholic schools. Results, plus specific comments from Spokane, Charleston, Cleveland, and Baltimore…

  1. MADE 2. Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This curriculum guide is one in a series of three competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). Covered in the individual sections of the guide are the following topics: job orientation (personal appearance, job opportunities, job interviews, basic skills, training plans, legal requirements, and…

  2. Competency Based Education: The Emerging Center of Leadership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Harry

    This document suggests ways in which competency based education (CBE) offers a productive direction for education in a society of rapid environmental change. Part one discusses as a primary mission of the teacher providing a positive and affectionate model for children who have experienced little personal interaction at home. It also definds the…

  3. Model Competency-Based Instruction Project 1981-1982.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sade, Patricia A.

    As an illustration of competency-based instruction in action, this publication contains a curriculum guide, sample lesson plans, and an explanation of how these materials were derived and implemented in a public school district Comprehensive Employment and Training Act vocational education program in Springfield, Missouri. The model contains a…

  4. A Competency Based Curriculum Guide: Ethanol Spark Ignition Engine Conversion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blair, Brittain A.

    This guide is a competency-based vocational curriculum designed to provide educators with viable ethanol (100 percent alcohol) engine conversion procedures stated in simple terms and set in a flexible educational environment. The curriculum is designed so that educators can form various combinations of instructional activities and resource…

  5. The Bases of Competence. Skills for Lifelong Learning and Employability.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evers, Frederick T.; Rush, James C.; Berdrow, Iris

    This book, which is intended primarily for instructional development specialists, academic leaders, and faculty members in all types of postsecondary institutions, explains what skills and competencies students need to succeed in today's workplace and details how colleges and universities can strengthen the curriculum to cultivate those skills in…

  6. Competency-Based Recordkeeping. Bulletin 1781.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nicholls State Univ., Thibodaux, LA.

    This model instructional unit was developed to aid business teachers in Louisiana to prepare students in grades 10-12 for business and office employment, further educational experiences, and responsible consumer activity. It provides guidance on model performance objectives, current technology content, sources, and supplemental materials.…

  7. Competency-Based Approaches: Linking Theory and Practice in Professional Education with Particular Reference to Health Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonczi, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Paul Hager and I worked on a large number of research projects and publications throughout the 1990s. The focus of this work was on developing a competency-based approach to professional education and assessment. I review this work and its impact over the years. Notwithstanding the fact that most professional associations today have a competency

  8. Competency-Based Transfer HECB Final Report on the Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project ? House Bill 1909

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2005

    2005-01-01

    In 2003, the legislature and governor enacted House Bill 1909 to create a pilot project on competency-based transfer between two--and four--year colleges and universities. The legislation directed the Higher Education Coordinating Board (HECB) to select institutions to define transfer requirements in several disciplines on the basis of students'…

  9. Defining competency-based evaluation objectives in family medicine

    PubMed Central

    Allen, Tim; Brailovsky, Carlos; Rainsberry, Paul; Lawrence, Katherine; Crichton, Tom; Carpentier, Marie-Pierre; Visser, Shaun

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Objective To develop a definition of competence in family medicine sufficient to guide a review of Certification examinations by the Board of Examiners of the College of Family Physicians of Canada. Design Delphi analysis of responses to a 4-question postal survey. Setting Canadian family practice. Participants A total of 302 family physicians who have served as examiners for the College of Family Physicians of Canada’s Certification examination. Methods A survey comprising 4 short-answer questions was mailed to the 302 participating family physicians asking them to list elements that define competence in family medicine among newly certified family physicians beginning independent practice. Two expert groups used a modified Delphi consensus process to analyze responses and generate 2 basic components of this definition of competence: first, the problems that a newly practising family physician should be competent to handle; second, the qualities, behaviour, and skills that characterize competence at the start of independent practice. Main findings Response rate was 54%; total number of elements among all responses was 5077, for an average 31 per respondent. Of the elements, 2676 were topics or clinical situations to be dealt with; the other 2401 were skills, behaviour patterns, or qualities, without reference to a specific clinical problem. The expert groups identified 6 essential skills, the phases of the clinical encounter, and 99 priority topics as the descriptors used by the respondents. More than 20% of respondents cited 30 of the topics. Conclusion Family physicians define the domain of competence in family medicine in terms of 6 essential skills, the phases of the clinical encounter, and priority topics. This survey represents the first level of definition of evaluation objectives in family medicine. Definition of the interactions among these elements will permit these objectives to become detailed enough to effectively guide assessment. PMID:21918130

  10. Emotional competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.

    PubMed

    Lau, Patrick S Y; Wu, Florence K Y

    2012-01-01

    The concept of emotional competence as a positive youth development construct is reviewed in this paper. Differences between emotional intelligence and emotional competence are discussed and an operational definition is adopted. Assessment methods of emotional competence with an emphasis on its quantitative nature are introduced. In the discussion of theories of emotional competence, the functionalist and developmental perspectives and the relationships with positive youth development are highlighted. Possible antecedents, especially the influence of early child-caregiver, and expected outcomes of emotional competence are examined. Practical ways to promote emotional competence among adolescents, particularly the role of parents and teachers, and the future direction of research are also discussed. PMID:22666176

  11. Evaluating Assessment Quality in Competence-Based Education: A Qualitative Comparison of Two Frameworks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Bastiaens, Theo J.; Kirschner, Paul A.; van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.

    2007-01-01

    Because learning and instruction are increasingly competence-based, the call for assessment methods to adequately determine competence is growing. Using just one single assessment method is not sufficient to determine competence acquisition. This article argues for Competence Assessment Programmes (CAPs), consisting of a combination of different…

  12. Financial Management Competence of Founding Teams and Growth of New Technology-Based Firms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan Brinckmann; Soeren Salomo; Hans Georg Gemuenden

    2011-01-01

    This article draws on the resource-based view to analyze the role founding teams' financial management competencies play for firm growth. Prior research stressed the importance of acquiring external financial resources. In this study, we broaden the understanding of financial management in new firms. We explore the relevance of strategic financial planning competence, external financing competence, competence in financing from cash

  13. Unfolding multicourse case study: developing students' administrative competencies.

    PubMed

    Porter-Wenzlaffs, Linda J

    2013-01-01

    Providing students with learning opportunities that integrate disparate data into meaningful constructs can be a challenge for faculty. The author discusses an unfolding case study that provided simulated learning opportunities related to administrative student competencies, staged to increase in complexity and scope over time while affording multiple student evaluation opportunities. A hybrid delivery format was used, including Blackboard Learn e-technology, to support individual student assignments and small group collaboration, cloud technology for shared student document development, Excel budget manipulation, and face-to-face classroom interactions. PMID:24157671

  14. Counselor Development in the Process of Mastering Cultural Competence: A Study of Professional Growth Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wakefield, Marie A.

    2012-01-01

    Grounded theory methodology was employed to explore the experiences of counseling professionals as they work to develop a higher level of cultural competence. Three key findings support the core theme, navigating change toward cultural competent practices: (1) environmental awareness; (2) dispositions toward the development in cultural competency

  15. Assessing Knowledge Base on Geriatric Competencies for Emergency Medicine Residents

    PubMed Central

    Hogan, Teresita M.; Hansoti, Bhakti; Chan, Shu B.

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Emergency care of older adults requires specialized knowledge of their unique physiology, atypical presentations, and care transitions. Older adults often require distinctive assessment, treatment and disposition. Emergency medicine (EM) residents should develop expertise and efficiency in geriatric care. Older adults represent over 25% of most emergency department (ED) volumes. Yet many EM residencies lack curricula or assessment tools for competent geriatric care. Fully educating residents in emergency geriatric care can demand large amounts of limited conference time. The Geriatric Emergency Medicine Competencies (GEMC) are high-impact geriatric topics developed to help residencies efficiently and effectively meet this training demand. This study examines if a 2-hour didactic intervention can significantly improve resident knowledge in 7 key domains as identified by the GEMC across multiple programs. Methods A validated 29-question didactic test was administered at six EM residencies before and after a GEMC-focused lecture delivered in summer and fall of 2009. We analyzed scores as individual questions and in defined topic domains using a paired student t test. Results A total of 301 exams were administered; 86 to PGY1, 88 to PGY2, 86 to PGY3, and 41 to PGY4 residents. The testing of didactic knowledge before and after the GEMC educational intervention had high internal reliability (87.9%). The intervention significantly improved scores in all 7 GEMC domains (improvement 13.5% to 34.6%; p<0.001). For all questions, the improvement was 23% (37.8% pre, 60.8% post; P<0.001) Graded increase in geriatric knowledge occurred by PGY year with the greatest improvement post intervention seen at the PGY 3 level (PGY1 19.1% versus PGY3 27.1%). Conclusion A brief GEMC intervention had a significant impact on EM resident knowledge of critical geriatric topics. Lectures based on the GEMC can be a high-yield tool to enhance resident knowledge of geriatric emergency care. Formal GEMC curriculum should be considered in training EM residents for the demands of an aging population. PMID:25035745

  16. Community-Based Service-Learning as a Context for Youth Autonomy, Competence, and Relatedness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kackar-Cam, Hayal; Schmidt, Jennifer A.

    2014-01-01

    Framed by self-determination and identity development theories, this study examined the process through which participating in a community-based service-learning project supported high school students' feelings of autonomy, competence and relatedness, and how these feelings were related to students' intentions for doing more service in…

  17. The Adapted Fresno Test of Competence in Evidence-Based Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCluskey, Annie; Bishop, Bianca

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: Health educators who teach professionals about evidence-based practice (EBP) need instruments to measure change in skills and knowledge. This study aimed to develop and evaluate the interrater reliability, internal consistency, and responsiveness of the Adapted Fresno Test (AFT) of competence in EBP. Methods: Reliability testing…

  18. Preventing a Second Orthodoxy: A Formative Evaluation of a Competency-Based Teacher Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glick, I. David; And Others

    During the past year and a half, the University of Toledo has developed a competency-based model for teacher education, the basic elements of which are (a) the explicit statement of performance objectives, (b) one or more sets of instructional procedures specifically designed for attainment of each objective, and (c) criterion-referenced…

  19. Earth and Physical Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

    This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on earth and physical science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, Natural Disasters, Chemical Reaction, Laboratory, States of Matter, Force and…

  20. Horticulture III, IV, and V. Task Analyses. Competency-Based Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

    This task analysis guide is intended to help teachers and administrators develop instructional materials and implement competency-based education in the horticulture program. Section 1 contains a validated task inventory for horticulture III, IV, and V. For each task, applicable information pertaining to performance and enabling objectives,…

  1. Task Listing for Piano Technology for the Visually Impaired. Competency-Based Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond. Div. of Vocational and Adult Education.

    This task listing was developed for use in Piano Technology, a course offered to visually impaired students at the Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind. The listing is intended to be used with the "Trade and Industrial Education Service Area Resource Guide" in the implementation of competency-based education for this population. The major…

  2. Competency Based Competitive Events. Integrating DECA into the DE Instructional Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cosgrove, Glenna; Moore, Harold W.

    Designed to be integrated into a competency-based distributive education program, these competitive DECA (Distributive Education Clubs of America) events were developed, utilized, and evaluated by distributive education and cooperative education coordinators in Arkansas. These events are organized under the following occupational categories: food…

  3. Effects of Web-Based Support for the Construction of Competence Maps

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stoof, Angela; Martens, Rob L.; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

    2006-01-01

    Educationalists experience difficulties with the construction of competence maps that describe final attainment levels of educational programs. Web-based support was developed with three supportive aids: A construction kit, a phenomenarium, and an information bank. Each supportive aid was expected to improve perceived process and product quality…

  4. Gateway Technical Institute Competency Based Education: Case Study of College-wide Instructional Improvement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaprelian, Nancy; Perona, Jerry

    The curriculum revision project described in this paper was initiated by Gateway Technical Institute (Wisconsin) in 1976 in order to implement competency-based education (CBE) in Gateway's vocational/technical programs. The paper first defines the key elements of CBE as implemented at Gateway, which were developed on the basis of an analysis of…

  5. Applying a Competency- and Problem-Based Approach for Learning Compiler Design

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khoumsi, Ahmed; Gonzalez-Rubio, Ruben

    2006-01-01

    Our department has redesigned its electrical engineering and computer engineering programs completely by adopting a learning methodology based on competence development, problem solving, and the realization of design projects. In this article, we show how this pedagogical approach has been successfully used for learning compiler design.

  6. Learning Probabilities in Computer Engineering by Using a Competency- and Problem-Based Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Khoumsi, Ahmed; Hadjou, Brahim

    2005-01-01

    Our department has redesigned its electrical and computer engineering programs by adopting a learning methodology based on competence development, problem solving, and the realization of design projects. In this article, we show how this pedagogical approach has been successfully used for learning probabilities and their application to computer…

  7. Environmental Education. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

    This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on environmental education is divided into seven topics. The topics included are Human Carrying Capacity (The Ability to Foresee and Forestall), Human Population Growth, The Atmosphere, The…

  8. Lessons Learned from the Competency-Based Curriculum Initiative at Baylor College of Dentistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCann, Ann L.; Babler, William J.; Cohen, Peter A.

    1998-01-01

    Chronicles development of the Baylor College of Dentistry (Texas) competency-based curriculum and outlines 11 lessons learned concerning strategic planning, external accountability, value of significant and continuing faculty participation, administrative support structures, linking planning and assessment, using multiple assessment methods,…

  9. Multicultural competence and evidence-based practice in group therapy.

    PubMed

    Chen, Eric C; Kakkad, Dhruvi; Balzano, Julie

    2008-11-01

    The multicultural competence (MC) and evidence-based practice (EBP) initiatives have each generated healthy debates in the mental health field, with ample implications for clinical training and practice. Using two case illustrations, we highlight practical challenges and prospects in the intersection of MC and EBP. To facilitate complementary practice of MC and EBP, we offer strategies for the group therapist as a "local clinical scientist" to deliver culturally responsive treatments. We stress the importance of cultural adaptation of EBP models, namely, modifying evidence-based interventions that involve changes in service delivery, in the nature of the therapeutic relationship, or in components of the treatment itself to accommodate the cultural beliefs and behaviors of racial-cultural minority clients. Cultural adaptation of EBP in group therapy needs to be grounded in developmental contextualism and social justice. We discuss the two cases with an eye toward advancing multicultural competence in group therapy. PMID:18802951

  10. Student monitoring procedures for competency-based programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles E. Feasley

    1978-01-01

    A diverse set of techniques for monitoring the progress of students within competency-based programs of a public community college are discussed and evaluated. Groupings of monitoring procedures are delineated for the entry, midcourse, and exit phases of several operational programs. Those specific approaches considered are placement testing, entry self-testing, computer-generated entry surveying and test generation, computer records management, student manuals,

  11. Core Competencies for Medical Teachers (KLM) – A Position Paper of the GMA Committee on Personal and Organizational Development in Teaching

    PubMed Central

    Görlitz, Anja; Ebert, Thomas; Bauer, Daniel; Grasl, Matthäus; Hofer, Matthias; Lammerding-Köppel, Maria; Fabry, Götz

    2015-01-01

    Recent developments in medical education have created increasing challenges for medical teachers which is why the majority of German medical schools already offer educational and instructional skills trainings for their teaching staff. However, to date no framework for educational core competencies for medical teachers exists that might serve as guidance for the qualification of the teaching faculty. Against the background of the discussion about competency based medical education and based upon the international literature, the GMA Committee for Faculty and Organizational Development in Teaching developed a model of core teaching competencies for medical teachers. This framework is designed not only to provide guidance with regard to individual qualification profiles but also to support further advancement of the content, training formats and evaluation of faculty development initiatives and thus, to establish uniform quality criteria for such initiatives in German-speaking medical schools. The model comprises a framework of six competency fields, subdivided into competency components and learning objectives. Additional examples of their use in medical teaching scenarios illustrate and clarify each specific teaching competency. The model has been designed for routine application in medical schools and is thought to be complemented consecutively by additional competencies for teachers with special duties and responsibilities in a future step.

  12. Medical Assisting Competencies. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richards, Beverly; And Others

    This document contains medical assisting competencies and competency-based performance objectives, learning activities, resources, and levels of achievement for each competency that were adapted and developed by instructors of medical assisting to suit the needs and legal parameters of Pennsylvania. The competencies and associated elements are…

  13. A Financial Aid Competency Model for Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woolf, Neil; Martinez, Mario

    2013-01-01

    This research explores the competencies that financial aid officers need to be successful in their jobs. A survey of 30 competencies was distributed to 508 financial aid officers in the Western United States. Respondents were asked to rate 30 job competencies for their relative importance and frequency of use. Using exploratory factor analysis,…

  14. When Failure Is Not An Option: Designing Competency-Based Pathways for Next Generation Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sturgis, Chris; Patrick, Susan

    2010-01-01

    This exploration into competency-based innovation at the school, district, and state levels suggests that competency-based pathways are a re-engineering of this nation's education system around learning--a re-engineering designed for success in which failure is no longer an option. Competency-based approaches build upon standards reforms, offering…

  15. A Multicultural Competencies Approach to Developing Human Capital Management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Woolliscroft, Paul; Cagá?ová, Dagmar; ?ambál, Miloš; Šef?íková, Miriam; Kamenova, Joana Valery

    2012-12-01

    The globalisation phenomenon has been prevalent since the last decade of 20th century and remains a significant factor influencing both organisations and individuals today. Within a globalised business environment the effective management of multicultural aspects and differences has become imperative to ensure success. It is increasingly evident there is a need to develop a clear understanding of multicultural competencies in order to fully develop a strategic approach to human capital management (HCM). The adoption of a strategic approach is necessary to ensure a focus on the issues critical to success and competitive advantage including multicultural management, professional skills and knowledge management. This paper aims to identify the importance of intercultural management and the impact of globalisation upon international business.

  16. Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

    2013-01-01

    Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what measures,…

  17. Developing the Emotional Competence of Teachers and Pupils in School Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez-Escoda, N.; Filella, G.; Alegre, A.; Bisquerra, R.

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: This paper describes the evaluation of two training programmes, one targeted at teachers and the other at pupils, the aim of both being to improve personal and social well-being through the development of emotional competence (emotional awareness, emotional regulation, emotional autonomy, social competence and life competencies).…

  18. Development and Validation of the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) Self-Report Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunaway, Krystall E.; Morrow, Jennifer A.; Porter, Bryan E.

    2012-01-01

    No self-report measure of cultural competence currently exists in program evaluation. Adapting items from cultural competence measures in fields such as counseling and nursing, the researchers developed the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) self-report scale. The goals of this study were to validate the CCPE and to assess…

  19. An Examination of Cross-Cultural Curriculum Development and Student Cross-Cultural Competencies in a School-Based Consultation Course

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arra, Christopher T.

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this case study was to describe the cross-cultural consultation experiences of school psychology graduate students as they progressed through a semester-long school-based consultation course. Graduate students enrolled in a consultation course completed both quantitative and qualitative assessment measures. The course instructor used…

  20. l"IZ`OESJ"-,,,,R"se"V[EI"gW[,S,,-OEvZxAv[` Total Resolution for Human Resource Development Based on Competency Ontology

    E-print Network

    Mizoguchi, Riichiro

    Resources Development (2) HRD #12;2 HRD HRM Human Resource Management HRD (2 3 ) 4. 5 2 3 2 4 HRD HRD HRD ID·Ó"CZÒ ·ÝOEvZå`Ì OE·lLSA·ÝOEv ZÀ·Û,ÌSw·KS^"® HR·Ó"CZÒ OE¤·CSéæZÒ HRM #12;3 HR HRM HRM HRP HRU HRD HRD HR HRD

  1. Food Marketing: Cashier-Checker. Student Material. Competency Based Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Froelich, Larry; And Others

    This curriculum for food marketing (cashier-checking) is designed to provide entry-level employment skills. It is organized into 13 units which contain one to ten competencies. A student competency sheet provided for each competency is organized into this format: unit and competency number and name, learning steps, learning activities, and…

  2. Increasing School Success Through Partnership-Based Family Competency Training

    PubMed Central

    Spoth, Richard; Randall, G. Kevin; Shin, Chungyeol

    2008-01-01

    An expanding body of research suggests an important role for parent or family competency training in children’s social-emotional learning and related school success. This article summarizes a test of a longitudinal model examining partnership-based family competency training effects on academic success in a general population. Specifically, it examines indirect effects of the Iowa Strengthening Families Program (ISFP) on school engagement in 8th grade and academic success in the 12th grade, through direct ISFP effects on intervention-targeted outcomes—parenting competencies and student substance-related risk—in 6th grade. Twenty-two rural schools were randomly assigned to either ISFP or a minimal-contact control group; data were collected from 445 families. Following examination of the equivalence of the measurement model across group and time, a structural equation modeling approach was used to test the hypothesized model and corresponding hypothesized structural paths. Significant effects of the ISFP were found on proximal intervention outcomes, intermediate school engagement, and the academic success of high school seniors. PMID:20376279

  3. Effects of a Competency-Based Professional Development Training on Children's Physical Activity and Staff Physical Activity Promotion in Summer Day Camps

    PubMed Central

    Weaver, R. Glenn; Beets, Michael W.; Turner-Mcgrievy, Gabrielle; Webster, Collin A.; Moore, Justin

    2015-01-01

    Background The YMCA of USA adopted Physical Activity (PA) Standards for summer day camps (SDC) in 2011. Standards call for increasing children's PA, as well as, increasing staff behaviors related to creating an activity-friendly environment, such as role modeling and verbally promoting PA. The objective of this study was to evaluate strategies designed to meet the YMCA PA Standards. Methods Four YMCA SDCs participated in this pre/multiple-post test study. Strategies to increase staff PA promotion included ongoing professional development training, workshops, and technical support. Changes in staff behaviors and child PA were measured via the System for Observing Staff Promotion of Activity and Nutrition and the System for Observing Play and Leisure Time in Youth, respectively. Results Nine of 13 staff PA promotion behaviors demonstrated statistically significant changes in the desired direction. For example, staff engagement in PA with children increased by 11.4% (25.4% vs. 36.8%), while idle-time fell by 42.4% (53.1% vs. 10.7%) from baseline to final assessment. The percentage of girls and boys observed sedentary during scheduled PA decreased by 16.9% and 17.4%, while moderate-to-vigorous physical activity increased 3.3% and 3.5%, respectively. Changes in activity levels varied by grade level. Conclusions Strategies herein show promise for impacting staff behaviors and, in-turn, child PA. Continued support is likely required if changes are to be sustained. PMID:25530241

  4. The Interpersonal Competence Development Project: The Intersection of Theory and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Elizabeth E.; Mazer, Joseph P.

    2011-01-01

    Skill development exercises designed to promote the development of students' interpersonal competence have been the centerpiece of undergraduate interpersonal communication courses for decades. Research suggests that students develop interpersonal competence through exposure to and participation in skill development courses and activities. In…

  5. Developing the Great Eight Competencies with Leaderless Group Discussion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Costigan, Robert D.; Donahue, Lynn

    2009-01-01

    The Great Eight competencies are work behaviors that promote employee effectiveness in 21st-century organizations. These competencies include enterprising and performing, adapting and coping, organizing and executing, creating and conceptualizing, analyzing and interpreting, interacting and presenting, supporting and cooperating, and leading and…

  6. Competences, Learning Theories and MOOCs: Recent Developments in Lifelong Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steffens, Karl

    2015-01-01

    Our societies have come to be known as knowledge societies in which lifelong learning is becoming increasingly important. In this context, competences have become a much discussed topic. Many documents were published by international organisations (UNESCO, World Bank, European Commission) which enumerated 21st century key competences. The field of…

  7. Developing Pedagogical Competence: Issues and Implications for Marketing Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madhavaram, Sreedhar; Laverie, Debra A.

    2010-01-01

    Competence in pedagogy and research is the sine qua non of marketing educators' careers. However, there is evidence in the literature that marketing academics focus "more on" and "are more competent" in research than teaching. This imbalance, in a majority of instances, can be traced back to doctoral education. Doctoral programs in marketing are…

  8. Orient the School and Community to Competency-Based Instruction. Module K-1. Performance Element Nos. CBI 5, 6, 7, 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Joan; Quinn, Karen

    Intended to be utilized as an instructional unit in preservice or inservice vocational teacher education or as a part of a total performance-based teacher education (PBTE) program, this module is one of two competency-based modules developed to train vocational personnel how to install and manage competency-based instructional (CBI) programs. The…

  9. Impact of a Competency-Based Curriculum on Medical Student Advancement: A Ten-Year Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James J. Brokaw; Laura J. Torbeck; Mary A. Bell; Dennis W. Deal

    2011-01-01

    Background: In 1999, the Indiana University School of Medicine implemented a new curriculum based on the attainment of core competencies beyond medical knowledge. Purpose: The objective was to document how the Student Promotions Committee (SPC) has adjudicated students’ competency-related deficiencies over the past decade. Methods: Using SPC records, the authors determined the frequency of competency-related deficiencies reported to the SPC

  10. Integrating cultural competency and empirically-based practices in child welfare services: A model based on community psychiatry field principles of health

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carl C. Bell; Susan J. Wells; Lani M. Merritt

    2009-01-01

    Acknowledging the existence of racism in our society is crucial to understanding the need for a culturally competent approach to developing empirically-based practices in child welfare, thereby providing a foundation for evidence-based practice in the field. Advancements have already been made in mental health to address cultural competence and evidence-based practice. This article presents a model of seven field principles

  11. Competency Across the Campus: The University Secretary. Summary of a Research Study of Secretarial Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bernotavicz, Freda; Clasby, Miriam

    The competencies of the university secretary were studied at the University of Southern Maine. In addition to developing position descriptions, competencies that distinguish effective performers were also identified. Based on results of interviews with 24 secretaries, a competency-based model was developed. Fourteen competencies were categorized…

  12. Developing Cross Cultural Competence: Applying Development and Prevention Ideals to Counseling Young Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolfgang, Jeff; Frazier, Kimberly; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Barrett, Joe

    2011-01-01

    As counselors turn their attention to child-based counseling, there is a need to apply the core tenets of the discipline of counseling to young children and incorporate cross-cultural issues into clinical competence. Using Multicultural Counseling Theory (MCT), the authors discuss conventional approaches to providing clinical interventions for…

  13. Development of Psychiatric–Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Competencies: Opportunities for the 21st Century

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathleen Wheeler; Judith Haber

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss the development of the psychiatric–mental health nurse practitioner(PMHNP) competencies. The historical context and controversy regarding the role of advanced practice psychiatric mental health nursing as well as the consensus process of a national panel charged with the development of these competencies are described. Also, implications for education, practice, research, and policy are

  14. Why Do Small Enterprises Participate in a Programme for Competence Development?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kock, Henrik; Gill, Andreas; Ellstrom, Per Erik

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase our understanding of why firms, specifically small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), participate in a programme for competence development and why firms use different strategies for competence development. Design/methodology/approach: A study of 17 SMEs that all received support from the European…

  15. The Development and Validation of a Measure of Generic Work Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nikolaou, Ioannis

    2003-01-01

    Competency management has attracted much attention, especially between business consultants and human resources professionals. Nevertheless, the lack of a unified framework of generic work competencies has been a significant obstacle for the further development of the field, both in research and in practice. This article discusses the development,…

  16. RNA secondary structure regulates the translation of sxy and competence development in Haemophilus influenzae.

    PubMed

    Cameron, Andrew D S; Volar, Milica; Bannister, Laura A; Redfield, Rosemary J

    2008-01-01

    The sxy (tfoX) gene product is the central regulator of DNA uptake by naturally competent gamma-proteobacteria such as Haemophilus influenzae, Vibrio cholerae and probably Escherichia coli. However, the mechanisms regulating sxy gene expression are not understood despite being key to understanding the physiological role of DNA uptake. We have isolated mutations in H. influenzae sxy that greatly elevate translation and thus cause competence to develop in otherwise non-inducing conditions (hypercompetence). In vitro nuclease analysis confirmed the existence of an extensive secondary structure at the 5' end of sxy mRNA that sequesters the ribosome-binding site and start codon in a stem-loop. All of the hypercompetence mutations reduced mRNA base pairing, and one was shown to cause a global destabilization that increased translational efficiency. Conversely, mutations engineered to add mRNA base pairs strengthened the secondary structure, resulting in reduced translational efficiency and greatly reduced competence for genetic transformation. Transfer of wild-type cells to starvation medium improved translational efficiency of sxy while independently triggering the sugar starvation regulator (CRP) to stimulate transcription at the sxy promoter. Thus, mRNA secondary structure is responsive to conditions where DNA uptake will be favorable, and transcription of sxy is simultaneously enhanced if CRP activation signals that energy supplies are limited. PMID:17981840

  17. A Competency-Based Clinical Chemistry Course for the Associate Degree Medical Laboratory Technician Graduate in a Medical Technology Baccalaureate Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buccelli, Pamela

    Presented is a project that developed a competency-based clinical chemistry course for associate degree medical laboratory technicians (MLT) in a medical technology (MT) baccalaureate program. Content of the course was based upon competencies expected of medical technologists at career-entry as defined in the statements adopted in 1976 by the…

  18. Competencies in Ornamental Horticulture

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loewen, Curtis E.

    1974-01-01

    Based on the author's dissertation, this article pertains to the identification of competencies for ornamental horticulture workers in Oregon. Findings were based on interviews with 56 ornamental horticulture business employers regarding 100 competencies. The method used can serve as a model for obtaining occupational information to develop and…

  19. Le francais fonde sur la competence, Superieur (Competency Based French, Superior).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimanche, Maurice

    This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical units at the superior level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational texts. Unit topics include: explaining how to do something; explaining…

  20. The relationship between perceived competence and earned credits in competence-based higher education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. C. Kamphorst; W. H. A. Hofman; E. P. W. A. Jansen; C. Terlouw

    2012-01-01

    We explored how two types of study outcomes, perceived competence and earned credits, are interrelated, and influenced by self-regulation, motivation (intrinsic value and expectancy of procrastination) and deep approach to learning. The relationships between these variables were analysed in a sample of 894 first-year Dutch university students, using linear structural modelling. Results show that learning process factors play other roles

  1. Le francais fonde sur la competence, Novice (Competency Based French, Novice).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimanche, Maurice

    This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. The guide includes 21 topical lessons at the introductory level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational dialogues. Lesson topics include: greetings; introducing…

  2. Nurses' competencies in disaster nursing: implications for curriculum development and public health.

    PubMed

    Loke, Alice Yuen; Fung, Olivia Wai Man

    2014-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore Hong Kong nurses' perceptions of competencies required for disaster nursing. Focus group interviews and written inquiry were adopted to solicit nurses' perceived required competencies for disaster care. A total of 15 nurses were interviewed and 30 nurses completed the written inquiry on their perceived competencies related to disaster nursing. The International Council for Nurses' (ICN) framework of disaster nursing competencies, consisting of four themes and ten domains, was used to tabulate the perceived competencies for disaster nursing reported by nurses. The most mentioned required competencies were related to disaster response; with the ethical and legal competencies for disaster nursing were mostly neglected by nurses in Hong Kong. With the complexity nature of disasters, special competencies are required if nurses are to deal with adverse happenings in their serving community. Nurses' perceived disaster nursing competencies reported by nurses were grossly inadequate, demonstrating the needs to develop a comprehensive curriculum for public health. The establishment of a set of tailor-made disaster nursing core competencies for the community they served is the first step in preparing nurses to deal with disastrous situations for the health of the public. PMID:24658409

  3. Nurses’ Competencies in Disaster Nursing: Implications for Curriculum Development and Public Health

    PubMed Central

    Loke, Alice Yuen; Fung, Olivia Wai Man

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore Hong Kong nurses’ perceptions of competencies required for disaster nursing. Focus group interviews and written inquiry were adopted to solicit nurses’ perceived required competencies for disaster care. A total of 15 nurses were interviewed and 30 nurses completed the written inquiry on their perceived competencies related to disaster nursing. The International Council for Nurses’ (ICN) framework of disaster nursing competencies, consisting of four themes and ten domains, was used to tabulate the perceived competencies for disaster nursing reported by nurses. The most mentioned required competencies were related to disaster response; with the ethical and legal competencies for disaster nursing were mostly neglected by nurses in Hong Kong. With the complexity nature of disasters, special competencies are required if nurses are to deal with adverse happenings in their serving community. Nurses’ perceived disaster nursing competencies reported by nurses were grossly inadequate, demonstrating the needs to develop a comprehensive curriculum for public health. The establishment of a set of tailor-made disaster nursing core competencies for the community they served is the first step in preparing nurses to deal with disastrous situations for the health of the public. PMID:24658409

  4. Deoxyribonucleic acid repair in Bacillus subtilis: development of competent cells into a tester for carcinogens

    SciTech Connect

    Yasbin, R.E.; Miehl, R.

    1980-04-01

    The development of competent transformed Bacillus subtilis into a tester system for carcinogens is described. Precocious or noninduced activation of SOS functions occurs in competent cells. Thus, lower doses or concentrations of SOS inducing agents are needed to cause cell death due to indigenous prophage activation and lysis of bacteria. The two known defective prophages in B. subtilis enhance the sensitivity of competent cells to the carcinogens ultraviolet light, mitomycin C, and methyl methanesulfonate. However, these same cells have no enhanced sensitivity for the non-carcinogenic ethyl methanesulfonate or for nalidixic acid. Therefore, competent B. subtilis appears to be a sensitive tester for carcinogens.

  5. Competency-Based Training, Global Skills Mobility and the Teaching of International Students in Vocational Education and Training

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tran, Ly Thi; Nyland, Chris

    2013-01-01

    In Australia, all vocational education and training (VET) qualifications must be based on competency-based training (CBT) and training packages. Yet, since 2005, there has been a major expansion in the number of VET international students in Australia, 85% of whom are from Asia. Given this development, the teaching and learning contexts in which…

  6. Feasibility Study for Paravetic Competency Development of Vocational Agriculture Teachers. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Donald E.

    A study was conducted to determine the feasibility of an animal health (paravetical) competency development inservice program for vocational agriculture teachers in Pennsylvania. Objectives were to identify the paravetic (paraveterinary medical) competencies needed by vocational agriculture teachers to teach high school students and adults via…

  7. Preparing Global Leaders: A Theoretical Model for Understanding the Development of Intercultural Competency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martinez, Cynthia Ann

    2012-01-01

    As globalization increases, organizations are seeking individuals that have developed intercultural competency (ICC) and are prepared to lead for the 21st century. Although there are competing definitions among scholars as to what characteristics (ability, attitude, awareness, behaviors, knowledge, skills, or values) make up ICC (Ang & Van…

  8. From developing to investigating intercultural competence in practice through oral and written

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    From developing to investigating intercultural competence in practice through oral and written competences of the two students on the basis of Byram`s categories 2 of the students` self the opinion of her German interlocutors about her mother tongue (French) « Je suis aussi intéressée de savoir

  9. A Manual of Competency Matched Instructional Materials for Developing Coal Mining Curricula.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Douglas S.; Oglesby, Elizabeth H.

    To assist in the development of secondary level coal mining curricula, this report identifies sixty-four competencies considered by coal mining companies and instructors to be of major or moderate importance. Also, four tables are used to aid curriculum planners. Table 1 contains occupational competencies ranked in importance for the secondary…

  10. The Development of Academic Competence among Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

    2009-01-01

    Using data from the first three waves (Grades 5, 6, and 7) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, this study assessed if being a bully or being a victim accounts for an adolescent's academic competence, if selected contextual and individual variables impact an adolescent's academic competence, and if such impact differs in relation to an…

  11. Developing communicative competence in Japanese fourth-grade English language learners

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kuniko Kay Nitta

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to describe how 12 elementary school Japanese English language learners (ELLs) develop communicative competence through a sociocultural communicative approach. Communicative competence in this study is defined as the ability to manipulate effectively the social rules of language use in actual situations. The participants in this study were Japanese students who engaged in the

  12. Navigating Difference: Development and Implementation of a Successful Cultural Competency Training for Extension and Outreach Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deen, Mary Y.; Parker, Louise A.; Hill, Laura Griner; Huskey, Melynda; Whitehall, Anna P.

    2014-01-01

    As our world becomes more interconnected on international, domestic, and personal levels, our need to be more culturally competent increases (Samovar, Porter, & McDaniel, 2007; Ting-Toomey, 1999). Recognizing this need, Washington State University Extension sought to increase skills of its personnel by developing a set of cultural competencies

  13. Organisation of English for Academic Purposes Activity for Developing Communicative Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zascerinska, Jelena

    2009-01-01

    Individuals need communicative competence for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment. Aim of the research is to work out English for Academic Purposes activity organization model and its introducing sequence for promoting communicative competence. Content: the search for English for Academic…

  14. A Framework for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Competencies in Using Technologies to Enhance Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lim, Cher Ping; Chai, Ching Sing; Churchill, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a framework for developing pre-service teachers' competencies in using technologies to enhance teaching and learning. It focuses on building the capacity of teacher education institutions (TEI) based on six strategic dimensions: (1) vision and philosophy; (2) program; (3) professional learning of deans, teacher educators and…

  15. Historical and Theoretical Development of Culturally Competent Social Work Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kohli, Hermeet K.; Huber, Ruth; Faul, Anna C.

    2010-01-01

    This article provides a detailed review of the historical and theoretical context in which culturally competent practice has evolved in the social work profession and enables educators and practitioners to see holistic connections between the past and present. Historical review of the inclusion of diversity content is followed by definitions of…

  16. The ABCs for Pre-Service Teacher Cultural Competency Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    He, Ye; Cooper, Jewell E.

    2009-01-01

    In an effort to combine pre-service teachers' self-reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross-cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre-service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact that…

  17. Developing Teachers' Subject Didactic Competence through Problem Posing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ticha, Marie; Hospesova, Alena

    2013-01-01

    Problem posing (not only in lesson planning but also directly in teaching whenever needed) is one of the attributes of a teacher's subject didactic competence. In this paper, problem posing in teacher education is understood as an educational and a diagnostic tool. The results of the study were gained in pre-service primary school teacher…

  18. The Development of Technological Competence from Adolescence to Adulthood

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Autio, Ossi

    2011-01-01

    This article builds on earlier research that defined and assessed technological competence among adolescents. It tracks students who took part in a measurements of technical abilities study fifteen years ago. The researcher had no previous knowledge of the test subjects' current employment status, but in favorable circumstances, these test…

  19. Development of Competence in Dynamic Learning Environments. No. 79.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bierschenk, Inger

    Perspective Text Analysis is a way to measure competence by measuring the strategy of synthesizing, which intelligence tests or questionnaires cannot measure. This paper proposes the use of Perspective Text Analysis in the study of instructional materials. Perspective Text Analysis has been applied in various learning environments, and the results…

  20. Professional Development for Occupational Specialist: Occupational Competency Testing. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN.

    The organization, scope, and activities of the Indiana Occupational Competency Testing Center were expanded to accommodate the requirements of the new Occupational Specialist Certificate for secondary vocational teacher credentialling. A pilot project involved three regional sites in the state. The director of the host area site acted as area…

  1. Developing Social Competence in the Inclusive Primary Classroom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCay, Lauren O.; Keyes, Denis W.

    2002-01-01

    Helps elementary educators understand and promote social interactions and social competence in inclusive settings, specifically those that include students with learning disabilities and mild to moderate levels of mental retardation. Focuses on social outcomes of inclusion, teacher's attitudes, theoretical perspectives, and areas of social…

  2. Cognitive Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Rachel C. F.; Hui, Eadaoin K. P.

    2012-01-01

    This paper focuses on discussing critical thinking and creative thinking as the core cognitive competence. It reviews and compares several theories of thinking, highlights the features of critical thinking and creative thinking, and delineates their interrelationships. It discusses cognitive competence as a positive youth development construct by linking its relationships with adolescent development and its contributions to adolescents' learning and wellbeing. Critical thinking and creative thinking are translated into self-regulated cognitive skills for adolescents to master and capitalize on, so as to facilitate knowledge construction, task completion, problem solving, and decision making. Ways of fostering these thinking skills, cognitive competence, and ultimately positive youth development are discussed. PMID:22654575

  3. Early Experience and the Development of Cognitive Competence: Some Theoretical and Methodological Issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stein Erik Ulvund

    1982-01-01

    Ulvund, S.E. 1982. Early Experience and the Development of Cognitive Competence: Some Theoretical and Methodological Issues. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research 26, 45?75. A theoretical analysis focussing on the relationship between early experience and the development of cognitive competence is given. It is argued that the interactionistic position known as a transactional model of development (Sameroff 1975a) is especially applicable

  4. Assessing competency in Evidence Based Practice: strengths and limitations of current tools in practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dragan Ilic

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Evidence Based Practice (EBP) involves making clinical decisions informed by the most relevant and valid evidence available. Competence can broadly be defined as a concept that incorporates a variety of domains including knowledge, skills and attitudes. Adopting an evidence-based approach to practice requires differing competencies across various domains including literature searching, critical appraisal and communication. This paper examines the

  5. Facilitating Evaluations of Innovative, Competence-Based Assessments: Creating Understanding and Involving Multiple Stakeholders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Biemans, Harm J. A.

    2010-01-01

    Schools are held more responsible for evaluating, quality assuring and improving their student assessments. Teachers' lack of understanding of new, competence-based assessments as well as the lack of key stakeholders' involvement, hamper effective and efficient self-evaluations by teachers of innovative, competence-based assessments (CBAs). While…

  6. Integrating Authentic Assessment with Competence-Based Learning in Vocational Education: The Protocol Portfolio Scoring

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sluijsmans, Dominique M. A.; Straetmans, Gerard J. J. M.; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes how competence-based learning (CBL) can be organised in vocational education by integrating elements from a holistic instructional design model with recent ideas on assessment. A curriculum based on this model is pre-eminently suitable for an assessment approach emphasising that proof of competence is gathered by having…

  7. Manage School Personnel Affairs. Module LT-D-4 of Category D--Personnel Management. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greer, David R.; And Others

    This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of personnel management. The purpose of the module is to help administrators develop skills for training staff about procedures, maintaining personnel…

  8. Development of national standardized all-hazard disaster core competencies for acute care physicians, nurses, and EMS professionals.

    PubMed

    Schultz, Carl H; Koenig, Kristi L; Whiteside, Mary; Murray, Rick

    2012-03-01

    The training of medical personnel to provide care for disaster victims is a priority for the physician community, the federal government, and society as a whole. Course development for such training guided by well-accepted standardized core competencies is lacking, however. This project identified a set of core competencies and performance objectives based on the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required by the specific target audience (emergency department nurses, emergency physicians, and out-of-hospital emergency medical services personnel) to ensure they can treat the injuries and illnesses experienced by victims of disasters regardless of cause. The core competencies provide a blueprint for the development or refinement of disaster training courses. This expert consensus project, supported by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, incorporated an all-hazard, comprehensive emergency management approach addressing every type of disaster to minimize the effect on the public's health. An instructional systems design process was used to guide the development of audience-appropriate competencies and performance objectives. Participants, representing multiple academic and provider organizations, used a modified Delphi approach to achieve consensus on recommendations. A framework of 19 content categories (domains), 19 core competencies, and more than 90 performance objectives was developed for acute medical care personnel to address the requirements of effective all-hazards disaster response. Creating disaster curricula and training based on the core competencies and performance objectives identified in this article will ensure that acute medical care personnel are prepared to treat patients and address associated ramifications/consequences during any catastrophic event. PMID:21982151

  9. Competency-based curricular design to encourage significant learning.

    PubMed

    Hurtubise, Larry; Roman, Brenda

    2014-07-01

    Most significant learning (SL) experiences produce long-lasting learning experiences that meaningfully change the learner's thinking, feeling, and/or behavior. Most significant teaching experiences involve strong connections with the learner and recognition that the learner felt changed by the teaching effort. L. Dee Fink in Creating Significant Learning Experiences: An Integrated Approach to Designing College Course defines six kinds of learning goals: Foundational Knowledge, Application, Integration, Human Dimension, Caring, and Learning to Learn. SL occurs when learning experiences promote interaction between the different kinds of goals, for example, acquiring knowledge alone is not enough, but when paired with a learning experience, such as an effective patient experience as in Caring, then significant (and lasting) learning occurs. To promote SL, backward design principles that start with clearly defined learning goals and the context of the situation of the learner are particularly effective. Emphasis on defining assessment methods prior to developing teaching/learning activities is the key: this ensures that assessment (where the learner should be at the end of the educational activity/process) drives instruction and that assessment and learning/instruction are tightly linked so that assessment measures a defined outcome (competency) of the learner. Employing backward design and the AAMC's MedBiquitous standard vocabulary for medical education can help to ensure that curricular design and redesign efforts effectively enhance educational program quality and efficacy, leading to improved patient care. Such methods can promote successful careers in health care for learners through development of self-directed learning skills and active learning, in ways that help learners become fully committed to lifelong learning and continuous professional development. PMID:24981665

  10. Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Nursing Occupations. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume V.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

    The curriculum guide for nursing occupations is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Following an introductory section giving the philosophy, background, and recommendations for nursing education, the 82 study units are…

  11. Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Drafting. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume III.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

    The curriculum guide for drafting occupations is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Contents of the guide are divided into eight curriculum levels, and students should be able to enter the program at the appropriate level of…

  12. Performance-Based Thinking and Training for Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rakow, Joel

    1982-01-01

    Discusses five job behavior functions viewed as necessary for practicing performance-based thinking in instructional development activities. Functions examined include the abilities to plan to perform a job, execute a task, monitor or control execution, troubleshoot, and evaluate. (MER)

  13. The Galway Consensus Conference: international collaboration on the development of core competencies for health promotion and health education.

    PubMed

    Barry, Margaret M; Allegrante, John P; Lamarre, Marie-Claude; Auld, M Elaine; Taub, Alyson

    2009-06-01

    Developing a competent health promotion workforce is a key component of capacity building for the future and is critical to delivering on the vision, values and commitments of global health promotion. This paper reports on an international consensus meeting to identify core competencies, jointly organized by the International Union for Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE), the Society for Public Health Education (SOPHE) and the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC), with participation from international leaders in the field, that took place at the National University of Ireland, Galway, in June 2008. The purpose of the meeting is outlined and the outcomes in terms of strengthening global exchange, collaboration and common approaches to capacity building and workforce development are discussed. The Consensus Statement, based on the proceedings of the meeting, outlines core values and principles, a common definition and eight domains of core competency that are required to engage in effective health promotion practice. The core domains of competency agreed to at the meeting are: catalysing change, leadership, assessment, planning, impementation, evaluation, advocacy and partnerships. A summary of the Consensus Statement is presented and further dialogue and discussion are invited in order to continue the process of building international consensus with regard to health promotion core competencies. PMID:19477858

  14. Unravelling the genetic basis for competence development of auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A strains.

    PubMed

    Jakobs, Mareike; Hoffmann, Kerstin; Grabke, Anja; Neuber, Stefania; Liesegang, Heiko; Volland, Sonja; Meinhardt, Friedhelm

    2014-10-01

    Bacterial natural genetic competence - well studied in Bacillus subtilis - enables cells to take up and integrate extracellularly supplied DNA into their own genome. However, little is known about competence development and its regulation in other members of the genus, although DNA uptake machineries are routinely encoded. Auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A derivatives, obtained from repeated rounds of random mutagenesis, were long known to develop natural competence. Inspection of the colony morphology and extracellular enzyme secretion of two of these derivatives, M28 and M18, suggested that regulator genes are collaterally hit. M28 emerged as a 14 bp deletion mutant concomitantly displaying a shift in the reading frame of degS that encodes the sensor histidine kinase, which is part of the molecular switch that directs cells to genetic competence, the synthesis of extracellular enzymes or biofilm formation, while for M18, sequencing of the suspected gene revealed a 375 bp deletion in abrB, encoding the major transition state regulator. With respect to colony morphology, enzyme secretion and competence development, both of the mutations, when newly generated on the wild-type B. licheniformis 9945A genetic background, resulted in phenotypes resembling M28 and M18, respectively. All of the known naturally competent B. licheniformis representatives, hitherto thoroughly investigated in this regard, carry mutations in regulator genes, and hence genetic competence observed in domesticated strains supposedly results from deregulation. PMID:25009236

  15. A Guide to Task Analysis for Competency Based Education. Health Occupations. Task Linkage Project Publication No. 4.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia State Univ., Atlanta. School of Education.

    Developed through synthesis and review of existing task analysis literature, this guide lists tasks expected to be performed by workers in ten health occupations and presents information for incorporating these tasks into articulated secondary and postsecondary competency based educational programs. Task listings are presented for the following…

  16. Creative Solution for Implementation of Experiential, Competency-Based Palliative Care Training for Internal Medicine Residents

    PubMed Central

    Shpritz, Deborah W.; Wolfsthal, Susan D.; Zimrin, Ann B.; Keay, Timothy J.; Fang, Hong-Bin; Schuetz, Carl A.; Stapleton, Laura M.; Weissman, David E.

    2011-01-01

    To graduate internal medicine residents with basic competency in palliative care, we employ a two-pronged strategy targeted at both residents and attending physicians as learners. The first prong provides a knowledge foundation using web-based learning programs designed specifically for residents and clinical faculty members. The second prong is assessment of resident competency in key palliative care domains by faculty members using direct observation during clinical rotations. The faculty training program contains Competency Assessment Tools addressing 19 topics distributed amongst four broad palliative care domains designed to assist faculty members in making the clinical competency assessments. Residents are required to complete their web-based training by the end of their internship year; they must demonstrate competency in one skill from each of the four broad palliative care domains prior to graduation. Resident and faculty evaluation of the training programs is favorable. Outcome-based measures are planned to evaluate long-term program effectiveness. PMID:21553329

  17. Creative solution for implementation of experiential, competency-based palliative care training for internal medicine residents.

    PubMed

    Ross, Douglas D; Shpritz, Deborah W; Wolfsthal, Susan D; Zimrin, Ann B; Keay, Timothy J; Fang, Hong-Bin; Schuetz, Carl A; Stapleton, Laura M; Weissman, David E

    2011-09-01

    To graduate internal medicine residents with basic competency in palliative care, we employ a two-pronged strategy targeted at both residents and attending physicians as learners. The first prong provides a knowledge foundation using web-based learning programs designed specifically for residents and clinical faculty members. The second prong is assessment of resident competency in key palliative care domains by faculty members using direct observation during clinical rotations. The faculty training program contains Competency Assessment Tools addressing 19 topics distributed amongst four broad palliative care domains designed to assist faculty members in making the clinical competency assessments. Residents are required to complete their web-based training by the end of their internship year; they must demonstrate competency in one skill from each of the four broad palliative care domains prior to graduation. Resident and faculty evaluation of the training programs is favorable. Outcome-based measures are planned to evaluate long-term program effectiveness. PMID:21553329

  18. The Development of Primary Teachers Competencies as a Basis to Introduce the Study Programmes of Undergraduate Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devjak, Tatjana; Pavlin, Samo; Polak, Alenka

    2009-01-01

    In this article the authors establish the key competencies that should be acquired by future teachers in the course of their undergraduate studies. They also develop a model of the factors for which they presume most significantly contribute to the development of the selected competencies. For the selection of competencies and predictors of their…

  19. Development and Validation of the Wesleyan Intercultural Competence Scale (WICS): A Tool for Measuring the Impact of Study Abroad Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stemler, Steven E.; Imada, Toshie; Sorkin, Carolyn

    2014-01-01

    As globalization becomes commonplace and the world becomes increasingly interconnected, institutions of higher education have begun to prioritize the development of intercultural competence in their students. In order to measures intercultural competence, the authors developed the "Wesleyan Intercultural Competence Scale" (WICS). The…

  20. Competency-Based Vocational Education. A Case Study. FEU/PICKUP Project Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hermann, G. D.; Kenyon, R. J.

    This document describes a case study of a competency-based vocational education (CBVE) project. An introduction outlines the nature of CBVE and places it in the context of vocational competence. This section also describes a rationale for how CBVE relates to the individual, to access, and to the recognition of previous learning. The features and…

  1. Cogenerating a Competency-based HRM Degree: A Model and Some Lessons from Experience.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wooten, Kevin C.; Elden, Max

    2001-01-01

    A competency-based degree program in human resource management was co-generated by six groups of stakeholders who synthesized competency models using group decision support software. The program focuses on core human resource processes, general business management, strategic decision making and problem solving, change management, and personal…

  2. A Competency-Based Approach to the Master's Degree Preparation of Higher Education Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ott, Molly; Baca, Evelyn; Cisneros, Jesus; Bates, Evan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this manuscript is to describe a competency-based approach to designing and assessing master's level professional preparation programs in the field of higher education administration. Given the absence of a universal set of competencies defined for HEA master's degree programs, the authors draw from the CAHEP (2010) and Wright…

  3. Supporting Self-Regulated Personalised Learning through Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steiner, Christina M.; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Albert, Dietrich

    2009-01-01

    This article presents two current research trends in e-learning that at first sight appear to compete. Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory (CBKST) provides a knowledge representation framework which, since its invention by Doignon & Falmagne, has been successfully applied in various e-learning systems (for example, Adaptive Learning with…

  4. Practice-based competencies for accreditation of and training in graduate programs in genetic counseling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Beth A. Fine; Diane L. Baker; Morris B. Fiddler

    1996-01-01

    In January 1996, the American Board of Genetic Counseling (ABGC) adopted 27 practice-based competencies as a standard for assessing the training of graduate students in genetic counseling. These competencies were identified and refined through a collective, narrative process that took place from January through November 1994, and included directors of graduate programs in genetic counseling, ABGC board members and expert

  5. Discriminating Emotional Intelligence-Based Competencies of IT Employees and Salespeople

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yildirim, Osman

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims at investigating emotional intelligence based on competencies for sales and IT people. Design/methodology/approach: A study was conducted on 111 employees of 12 firms from four different sectors in which firms benefited extensively from IT and sales activities. Findings: Emotional Competency Inventory (ECI, 2.0) was used…

  6. Building axiological competence of graduate students by means of project-based learning

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gilmanshina, S. I.; Gilmanshin, I. R.

    2015-06-01

    The article defines the essence of axiological competence, objectives and pedagogical conditions of its formation among the students of graduate program in Biotechnology. The authors provide requirements for energy-saving technologies project-based learning and specify the application of the latter with the view of competence building.

  7. A Competency-Based Framework for Graduate-Level Health Educators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, Reston, VA. American Association for Health Education.

    This document builds on the 1997 Standards for the Preparation of Graduate-Level Health Educators by including expanded content descriptors and objectives for the graduate level competencies. It begins by discussing evolution of health education competencies; chronology of the graduate standard development process; benefits of graduate level…

  8. IMPROVING MARKET ORIENTATION OF A STUDY PROGRAM AT THE GERMAN STUDY LINE BASED ON COMPETENCE REQUIREMENTS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DIANA PITIC; MIHAELA DRAGAN

    Current paper describes a process that has been developed, tested and validated in order to efficiently design a curriculum considering both described and approved competences of future graduates and also competences perceived as being useful and important by representatives of the social-economical environment in order to improve the market orientation of a study program.

  9. Performance Evaluation of the Educational Leader (PEEL): Another Breakthrough in Competency Based Educational Administration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metzger, Christa; Lynch, Steven B.

    1974-01-01

    This paper describes the Performance Evaluation of the Education Leader (PEEL) program, initiated from a study to define the competent school administrator and to develop an instrument to measure administrative competence objectively and accurately. The resulting PEEL materials include the following: (a) "Guidelines for Evaluation: The School…

  10. Impact of Technology Based Instruction on Speech Competency and Presentation Confidence Levels of Hispanic College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mundy, Marie-Anne; Padilla Oviedo, Andres; Ramirez, Juan; Taylor, Nick; Flores, Itza

    2014-01-01

    One of the main goals of universities is to graduate students who are capable and competent in competing in the workforce. As presentational communication skills are critical in today's job market, Hispanic university students need to be trained to effectively develop and deliver presentational speeches. Web/technology enhanced training techniques…

  11. Developing political competence: a comparative study across disciplines.

    PubMed

    Rains, J W; Barton-Kriese, P

    2001-01-01

    Political activism is one way that nurses care for individuals and communities, and intervene in the broad range of socioeconomic factors influencing health. Though policy advocacy is a core public health function and a valuable nursing activity, the process of acquiring requisite skills and attitudes for political involvement is not often explored. What crucial experiences enfranchise nursing students toward future policy involvement? What is the student journey toward political competence? Do nursing students vary from students of other disciplines in this process? In-depth interviews were conducted with baccalaureate nursing students and political science students who were near graduation. Content analysis of interview transcripts revealed several themes. Despite rich examples of activism, nursing students viewed public policy as a barrier, and did not see connections between the personal, professional, and political. Nursing seemed grounded in application and service, demonstrating by involvement that they could "walk the walk." Political science involvement originated in theory, and resulted in more articulate discourse on the subject: they could "talk the talk." The data suggest a need for interdisciplinary dialogue, faculty modelling of political competence, opportunities for students to realize personal, professional, and political connections, and a concern of socialization in the context of global citizenship. PMID:11468061

  12. Defining a competency framework to shape the professional education of national security master strategists: a web-based Delphi study 

    E-print Network

    Clark, Thomas George

    2006-04-12

    The purpose of this study was to develop a competency framework to shape development of a professional education program for master strategists in national security. The research problem focused on the absence of a competency ...

  13. Development of a NASA Integrated Technical Workforce Career Development Model Entitled Requisite Occupation Competencies and Knowledge -- the ROCK

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Menrad, Robert J.; Larson, Wiley J.

    2008-01-01

    This paper shares the findings of NASA's Integrated Learning and Development Program (ILDP) in its effort to reinvigorate the HANDS-ON practice of space systems engineering and project/program management through focused coursework, training opportunities, on-the job learning and special assignments. Prior to March 2005, NASA responsibility for technical workforce development (the program/project manager, systems engineering, discipline engineering, discipline engineering and associated communities) was executed by two parallel organizations. In March 2005 these organizations merged. The resulting program-ILDP-was chartered to implement an integrated competency-based development model capable of enhancing NASA's technical workforce performance as they face the complex challenges of Earth science, space science, aeronautics and human spaceflight missions. Results developed in collaboration with NASA Field Centers are reported on. This work led to definition of the agency's first integrated technical workforce development model known as the Requisite Occupation Competence and Knowledge (the ROCK). Critical processes and products are presented including: 'validation' techniques to guide model development, the Design-A-CUrriculuM (DACUM) process, and creation of the agency's first systems engineering body-of-knowledge. Findings were validated via nine focus groups from industry and government, validated with over 17 space-related organizations, at an estimated cost exceeding $300,000 (US). Masters-level programs and training programs have evolved to address the needs of these practitioner communities based upon these results. The ROCK reintroduced rigor and depth to the practitioner's development in these critical disciplines enabling their ability to take mission concepts from imagination to reality.

  14. Developing consensus around the pharmaceutical public health competencies for community pharmacists in Scotland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David E. Pfleger; Lorna W. McHattie; H. Lesley Diack; Dorothy J. McCaig; Derek C. Stewart

    2008-01-01

    Objective The new community pharmacy contract in Scotland will formalise the role of pharmacists in delivering public health services.\\u000a To facilitate assessment of education and training needs it is necessary to define the relevant public health competencies\\u000a for community pharmacists. The objective of this research was to define and develop consensus around such competencies. Methods The “Skills for Health National

  15. Multilevel Control of Competence Development and Stress Tolerance in Streptococcus mutans UA159

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sang-Joon Ahn; Zezhang T. Wen; Robert A. Burne

    2006-01-01

    Genetic competence appears to be important in establishment of biofilms and tolerance of environmental insults. We report here that the development of competence is controlled at multiple levels in a complex network that includes two signal-transducing two-component systems (TCS). Using Streptococcus mutans strain UA159, we demonstrate that the histidine kinase CiaH, but not the response regulator CiaR, causes a dramatic

  16. Competency-Based Approach to Discipline--It's Assertive.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Canter, Lee

    1979-01-01

    Assertive Discipline (AD) advocates a systematic approach which enables teachers to set firm, consistent limits for students while remaining cognizant of students' need for warmth and positive support. This article describes effective and ineffective teacher disciplinary behaviors, AD competencies, and the implementation of AD at Rice Elementary…

  17. Improving the Validity of Competency-Based Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomson, P.; Saunders, J.; Foyster, J.

    A study was conducted to review the concept of validity in the context of vocational education and training (VET) in Australia. The study included a review of literature, case studies, presentation of key findings, and recommendation of a tool to guide assessors. An eight-faceted approach to validity, based on Nitko, was developed, with each…

  18. Behavioral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Hing Keung

    2012-01-01

    Behavioral competence is delineated in terms of four parameters: (a) Moral and Social Knowledge, (b) Social Skills, (c) Positive Characters and Positive Attributes, and (d) Behavioral Decision Process and Action Taking. Since Ma's other papers in this special issue have already discussed the moral and social knowledge as well as the social skills associated in detail, this paper focuses on the last two parameters. It is hypothesized that the following twelve positive characters are highly related to behavioral competence: humanity, intelligence, courage, conscience, autonomy, respect, responsibility, naturalness, loyalty, humility, assertiveness, and perseverance. Large-scale empirical future studies should be conducted to substantiate the predictive validity of the complete set of these positive characters. The whole judgment and behavioral decision process is constructed based on the information processing approach. The direction of future studies should focus more on the complex input, central control, and output subprocesses and the interactions among these sub-processes. The understanding of the formation of behavior is crucial to whole-person education and positive youth development. PMID:22645434

  19. Behavioral competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.

    PubMed

    Ma, Hing Keung

    2012-01-01

    Behavioral competence is delineated in terms of four parameters: (a) Moral and Social Knowledge, (b) Social Skills, (c) Positive Characters and Positive Attributes, and (d) Behavioral Decision Process and Action Taking. Since Ma's other papers in this special issue have already discussed the moral and social knowledge as well as the social skills associated in detail, this paper focuses on the last two parameters. It is hypothesized that the following twelve positive characters are highly related to behavioral competence: humanity, intelligence, courage, conscience, autonomy, respect, responsibility, naturalness, loyalty, humility, assertiveness, and perseverance. Large-scale empirical future studies should be conducted to substantiate the predictive validity of the complete set of these positive characters. The whole judgment and behavioral decision process is constructed based on the information processing approach. The direction of future studies should focus more on the complex input, central control, and output subprocesses and the interactions among these sub-processes. The understanding of the formation of behavior is crucial to whole-person education and positive youth development. PMID:22645434

  20. Adult Competency Education Kit. Basic Skills in Speaking, Math, and Reading for Employment. Part G. ACE Competency Based Job Descriptions: #22--Refrigerator Mechanic; #24--Motorcycle Repairperson.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San Mateo County Office of Education, Redwood City, CA. Career Preparation Centers.

    This fourth of fifteen sets of Adult Competency Education (ACE) Competency Based Job Descriptions in the ACE kit contains job descriptions for Refrigerator Mechanic and Motorcycle Repairperson. Each begins with a fact sheet that includes this information: occupational title, D.O.T. code, ACE number, career ladder, D.O.T. general educational…

  1. Developing a Professional Competence Model for Management Education. Final Report, Research Report Number Ten.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mentkowski, Marcia; And Others

    Abilities or competences that ensure effective managerial performance were studied, and a model of effective managerial performance was developed. Performance, perceptions, and careering and professional development of 103 women managers and executives from 53 Milwaukee private corporations were described using a recently developed performance…

  2. A Framework for Professional Development Focused on Social and Emotional Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quesenberry, Amanda; Doubet, Sharon

    2006-01-01

    This article presents a framework for planning professional development opportunities to increase teachers' confidence and competence in supporting young children's social-emotional development and addressing challenging behaviors. The framework makes use of a comprehensive collection of training materials developed by the Center on the Social and…

  3. Development of a New O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Tool and Examination of Validity and Reliability Evidence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Renshaw, Rebecca L.

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this study was to create an evaluation tool that would be the new standard for evaluating clinical competencies of interns in the field of orientation and mobility (O&M). Using results from previous research in this area, specific competency skills were identified and the O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Matrix (CCEM) was developed.…

  4. Columbia University's Competency and Evidence-based Acute Care Nurse Practitioner Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curran, Christine R.; Roberts, W. Dan

    2002-01-01

    Columbia University's acute care nurse practitioner curriculum incorporates evaluation strategies and standards to assess clinical competence and foster evidence-based practice. The curriculum consists of four core courses, supporting sciences, and specialty courses. (Contains 17 references.) (SK)

  5. Competency-Based Teacher Education Materials: How Available? How Usable? How Effective?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gall, Meredith Damien

    1979-01-01

    Although competency-based teacher education (CBTE) materials are often instrumental in teacher training and improvement, the low availability of the materials, their complexity, and lack of evaluation data can prove serious impediments to widespread use of CBTE. (LH)

  6. Public Health Ethics Education in a Competency-Based Curriculum: A Method of Programmatic Assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Cynthia L. Chappell; Nathan Carlin

    2011-01-01

    Public health ethics began to emerge in the 1990s as a development within bioethics. Public health ethics education has been\\u000a implemented in schools of public health in recent years, and specific professionalism and ethics competencies were included\\u000a in the Master of Public Health (MPH) competency set developed nationally and adapted by individual schools of public health\\u000a around the country. The

  7. Developing world class commissioning competencies in care services in England: the role of the service improvement agency.

    PubMed

    Cornes, Michelle; Manthorpe, Jill; Huxley, Peter; Waddington, Paul; Stevens, Martin; Evans, Sherrill

    2010-05-01

    This article provides an insight into the support needs of health and social care commissioners seeking to develop world class commissioning competencies and the role of service improvement agencies in meeting these needs. Reporting findings from the evaluation of one service improvement agency based in England, we focus on the 'improvement supports' (the products and services) that were delivered by the 'Care Services Improvement Partnership' through its 'Better Commissioning Programme'. In-depth interviews were carried out with 25 care commissioners (n = 25) exploring how the Programme was used in their day to day work, its perceived value and limitations. Given the lack of employer-led training and induction we conclude that service improvement agencies play an important role in developing commissioners' skills and competencies. However, we suggest that achieving world class commissioning may depend on a more fundamental rethink of commissioning organisations' approaches to learning and development. PMID:20039967

  8. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Clerical Clusters. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

    This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on clerical occupations. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 10 instructional areas: beginning typing, typing I, typing II, duplicating, receptionist activities, general office procedures, operation of electronic calculator,…

  9. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Machine Trades. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

    This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on machine trades. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 6 instructional areas: use of measuring tools; benchwork/tool bit grinding; lathe work; milling work; precision grinding; and combination machine work. A duty-task index…

  10. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Maintenance Mechanics. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

    This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on maintenance mechanics. This program is designed to run 40 weeks and cover 5 instructional areas: basic electricity (14 weeks); maintenance and repair of heating (4 weeks); maintenance and repair of air conditioning (12 weeks); maintenance…

  11. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Fiberglass Technician. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

    This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on fiberglass technician. This program covers 12 instructional areas: orientation, safety, introduction to fiberglass-reinforced plastics, hand lay-up, introduction to equipment operation, chopper operation, gel-coat equipment, finish and…

  12. Self-Development of Competences for Social Inclusion Using the TENCompetence Infrastructure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louys, Amelie; Hernandez-Leo, Davinia; Schoonenboom, Judith; Lemmers, Ruud; Perez-Sanagustin, Mar

    2009-01-01

    This paper describes a pilot study centred on the technology-enhanced self-development of competences in lifelong learning education carried out in the challenging context of the Association of Participants Agora. The pilot study shows that the use of the TENCompetence infrastructure, i.e. in this case the Personal Development Planner tool,…

  13. GDF11 Controls the Timing of Progenitor Cell Competence in Developing Retina

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joon Kim; Hsiao-Huei Wu; Arthur D. Lander; Karen M. Lyons; Martin M. Matzuk; Anne L. Calof

    2005-01-01

    The orderly generation of cell types in the developing retina is thought to be regulated by changes in the competence of multipotent progenitors. Here, we show that a secreted factor, growth and differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), controls the numbers of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), as well as amacrine and photoreceptor cells, that form during development. GDF11 does not affect proliferation

  14. Developing Critical Cultural Competence: A Guide for 21st-Century Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye; Levin, Barbara B.

    2011-01-01

    The increasingly diverse nature of today's schools and the need to increase the achievement of all students, no matter their background, requires 21st-century teachers to develop critical cultural competence. Looking at data is not enough. We have to know who our students are! This book shows you how to provide professional development that…

  15. A Globetrotting Pilgrimage: An Exploration of Spiritual Growth and the Development of Intercultural Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eifert, Angela Lynn

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between spiritual growth and the development of intercultural competence through the experiences of followers of Christ working in least developed countries. To address this purpose, a qualitative study using narrative inquiry and in-depth semi structured interviews were employed to…

  16. Use of Racial Identity Development Theory to Explore Cultural Competence among Early Childhood Educators

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Han, Heejeong Sophia; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Thomas, M. Shelley

    2011-01-01

    In order to explore early childhood educators' cultural competence through a lens of racial identity development theory, a case study was conducted with four White Kindergarten teachers. Participants were surveyed and interviewed to understand their racial identity development as well as perspectives of teaching culturally diverse early childhood…

  17. Competencies for Port and Logistics Personnel: An Application of Regional Human Resource Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahn, Young-sik; McLean, Gary N.

    2008-01-01

    Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel, a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert…

  18. Development of a Competency Framework for Quality Improvement in Family Medicine: A Qualitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czabanowska, Katarzyna; Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika; Potter, Amanda; Rochfort, Andree; Tomasik, Tomasz; Csiszar, Judit; Van den Bussche, Piet

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive framework of quality improvement competencies for use in continuing professional development (CPD) and continuing medical education (CME) for European general practice/family medicine physicians (GPs/FDs). Methods: The study was carried out in three phases: literature review,…

  19. An outcome-based evaluation of nursing competency of baccalaureate senior nursing students in Taiwan.

    PubMed

    Hsieh, Suh-Ing; Hsu, Li-Ling

    2013-12-01

    Limited literature is available for demographic and learning factors related to performance of baccalaureate nursing students. The study aimed at examining mean differences in nursing competency between the first week and the sixth week of a nursing clinical practicum as well as evaluating mean differences in nursing competency by demographic and learning factors at the sixth week of a nursing clinical practicum controlling for baseline scores of nursing competency. A comparative study design was conducted using the competency inventory for baccalaureate senior nursing students based on learning outcomes. Participants were surveyed at the first week and the sixth week of a nursing practicum with 95% mean response rate. Paired t test was used to compare within-subjects differences in mean nursing competency. ANCOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test, and Mann-Whitney U test were conducted to compare between-subjects differences in mean nursing competency. There are significant mean differences in nursing competency in general clinical skills, lifelong learning, clinical biomedical science, caring, and critical thinking and reasoning between the 1st week and the 6th week of nursing practicum. Likewise, type of nursing program, prior schooling, type of nursing license, interest in nursing, and extracurricular activity experience were significantly related to mean total nursing competency. Similarly, demographic attributes (location of school, type of nursing program, prior schooling, type of nursing license, a family member working as a medical practitioner or a nurse, interest in nursing, attributes of preferred workplace after college) and learning factors (extracurricular activity experience, played an active role in classroom discussions and asked questions, academic class rank, and English grade, clinical biomedical science, nursing science, and nursing practicum) were significantly related to six-subscale scores of nursing competency. There are mean differences in nursing competency across several demographic and learning factors. These factors should be given greater emphasis by nurse educators in planning the academic and clinical phases of professional education. PMID:23428366

  20. Guide to Competency-Based Education for Business and Office Occupations. A Catalog of Bookkeeping/Accounting, Clerical/Secretarial, and Data Processing Skills Which Your Students Need to Get a Job and to Keep It.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Mexico State Dept. of Education; Santa Fe. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This curriculum guide was developed to help administrators develop a competency-based postsecondary curriculum to prepare students for employment in business and office occupations. The content is in five sections. The first one introduces the concepts and techniques of competency-based education and includes some sample forms, such as student…

  1. Social Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review

    PubMed Central

    Ma, Hing Keung

    2012-01-01

    Social competence is defined in terms of interpersonal relationships, self and group identities, and development of citizenship. While the focus of the author's previous research is on relationship and identity, the main focus of this paper is on the development of citizenship. A 4-stage developmental model of citizenship is proposed. A brief discussion of the educational implication of each of the stages is presented. The issues concerning the assessment of social competence are clearly delineated, and the discussion serves as a basis for future studies. Finally, five current issues concerning the launch of the “Moral and National Education (MNE) Subject” in Hong Kong primary and secondary schools are discussed. PMID:22645418

  2. How to Help Senior Chemical Engineering Students Enhance and Develop Their Leadership Competence

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Alabart, Joan

    Chemical engineering students at the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) have the opportunity to enhance and develop their leadership competence by taking on a team leadership role in a first-year integrated design project. All fourth-year students enrolled for the Project Management in Practice (PMP) course go through a comprehensive team leader selection process. This selection process involves doing three psychometric tests (Belbin, Myers-Briggs, and Leadership Styles) and a competency-based interview with all the PMPs instructors. Finally, a group of about a dozen students are chosen to lead teams formed of first-year students and to manage the design project in which all first-year courses actively participate (hence the adjective of integrated). First-year team member selection is done by team leaders who develop their own selection criteria and take into account first-year students Belbin roles. The PMP course, like the first-year integrated design project, lasts two consecutive 15-week periods with 4 class hours per week. One hour is reserved for the individual coaching process between a PMP instructor and his/her assigned team leaders. Two more hours are devoted to teaching leadership, project management, and facilitation concepts, techniques, and tools. The remaining class hour is devoted to the weekly formal meeting of leaders with the first-year project team. Hence, there is also a vertical integration between the PMP course and the first-year integrated design project. The assessment of the team leaders leadership competence is carried out at the individual and team levels. At the individual level, the following processes are in place: (a) a 360-degree feedback process, (b) project management reports (a team charter and a final report per period), oral presentations (one presentation per period), (c) learning journals, (d) behavioral event interviews, and (e) focus groups with team members. Team effectiveness is measured by: (a) a team climate survey, (b) the evaluation of project products (a design report and a poster or an oral presentation followed by a defense), and (c) focus groups with first-year instructors.

  3. Professional Task-Based Curriculum Development for Distance Education Practitioners at Master's Level: A Design-Based Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feng, Xiaoying; Lu, Guangxin; Yao, Zhihong

    2015-01-01

    Curriculum development for distance education (DE) practitioners is more and more focusing on practical requirements and competence development. Delphi and DACUM methods have been used at some universities. However, in the competency-based development area, these methods have been taken over by professional-task-based development in the last…

  4. GDF11 controls the timing of progenitor cell competence in developing retina.

    PubMed

    Kim, Joon; Wu, Hsiao-Huei; Lander, Arthur D; Lyons, Karen M; Matzuk, Martin M; Calof, Anne L

    2005-06-24

    The orderly generation of cell types in the developing retina is thought to be regulated by changes in the competence of multipotent progenitors. Here, we show that a secreted factor, growth and differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), controls the numbers of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), as well as amacrine and photoreceptor cells, that form during development. GDF11 does not affect proliferation of progenitors-a major mode of GDF11 action in other tissues-but instead controls duration of expression of Math5, a gene that confers competence for RGC genesis, in progenitor cells. Thus, GDF11 governs the temporal windows during which multipotent progenitors retain competence to produce distinct neural progeny. PMID:15976303

  5. The development of ESD-related competencies in supportive institutional frameworks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Haan, Gerhard

    2010-06-01

    Although Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is a matter of global importance, the requirements and needs of people differ according to their regional circumstances. (Not only) in Germany—in keeping with the increasingly international focus of "output" evaluations—one dominant educational debate has centred on effective ways of mapping and understanding pupils' competencies. This article provides a Model of Competence for ESD in the formal education sector. This model aims to inform the organisation of teaching and to help assess the learning outcomes of pupils who have received instruction in issues relating to ESD. The competence model was developed and extended in connection with two German federal state innovation programmes which aimed to implement the concept of ESD in schools across the country.

  6. A Competence-Based Approach to Examining Interpersonal ConflictTest of a Longitudinal Model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DANIEL J. CANARY; WILLIAM R. CUPACH; RICHARD T. SERPE

    2001-01-01

    This article reports a test of a longitudinal model linking interpersonal conflict communication and relationship quality. The model stresses episodic factors that function to mediate the conflict-relationship link. In particular, the competence-based model specifies that assessments of competence and one's own communication satisfaction filter the effects of conflict on relational quality when measured concurrently at Time 1 (T1). In addition,

  7. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors Important to Manual Therapy Competency Development: A Delphi Investigation

    PubMed Central

    Sizer, Phillip; Sawyer, Steven; Felstehausen, Virginia; Couch, Sue; Dornier, Lanie; Cook, Chad

    2008-01-01

    A learner's development of orthopaedic manual physical therapy (OMPT) psychomotor skills may be influenced by selected intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The purposes of this study were to identify the factors that influence learners' development of manual physical therapy competencies and to define each factor as intrinsic or extrinsic. A 3-round Delphi method survey and a retrospective review of the data were used to develop composite scores and rankings. Eighty manual physical therapy educators participated in the 3 rounds. Thirty-six factor descriptor statements associated with manual physical therapy competency were established and further categorized as intrinsic (19 total), extrinsic (10 total), or conceptual outliers (7 total). Cognitive Processing ranked as the most important factor influencing manual physical therapy competency development. Adaptation ranked second, followed by Science Knowledge. This study is the first to establish manual physical therapy educational factors associated with attainment of competency. The majority of the factors distill into the theory of extrinsic and intrinsic factors identified by Schmidt and Lee. The outcomes of this study identify the factors to which OMPT educators should give particular attention when developing and executing the learning experiences for their learners. PMID:19119378

  8. Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kretschmann, Rolf

    2010-01-01

    The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

  9. Learning Strategies Used while Developing Motor Skill Assessment Competency

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kelly, Luke E.; Bishop, Jason

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of a web-based assessment training program and whether explicitly guiding the participants toward the recommended learning sequence would improve their performance on assessing the underhand roll compared to participants that were given free choice of their learning sequence. Participants were 48 volunteer…

  10. A Consensus-based Educational Framework and Competency Set for the Discipline of Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Italo Subbarao; James M. Lyznicki; Edbert B. Hsu; Kristine M. Gebbie; David Markenson; Barbara Barzansky; John H. Armstrong; Emmanuel G. Cassimatis; Philip L. Coule; Cham E. Dallas; Richard V. King; Lewis Rubinson; Richard Sattin; Raymond E. Swienton; Scott Lillibridge; Frederick M. Burkle; Richard B. Schwartz; James J. James

    2008-01-01

    Background: Various organizations and universities have developed competencies for health profession- als and other emergency responders. Little effort has been devoted to the integration of these competencies across health specialties and professions. The American Medical Association Center for Public Health Preparedness and Disaster Response convened an expert working group (EWG) to review extant competencies and achieve consensus on an educational

  11. Asperger Syndrome and the Development of Social Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gutstein, Steven E.; Whitney, Tyler

    2002-01-01

    This article reviews critical components of experience sharing, relates them to the specific social deficits found in children and adolescents with Asperger syndrome, then proposes factors in developing a relationship intervention program that would incorporate these essential components. The use of evenly matched peer partners for experience…

  12. The Development of Communicative Competence in Adolescents with Cochlear Implants.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wang, Hui Lee; Toe, Dianne

    1998-01-01

    This study investigated the communicative behavior of four adolescents who had been implanted with the Nucleus 22-Channel cochlear implant as adolescents. In videotaped conversations, participants showed development in the proportion of questions resolved, domination of talk time, responses to queries by the conversation partner, and strategies…

  13. From Competence to Excellence: Developing Excellence in Vocational Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smeaton, Barry; Hughes, Maria; Hall, Graeme

    The United Kingdom's Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), UK SKILLS, and the Further Education Skills Competition Council conducted a collaborative action research project to improve students' vocational learning and skills through enhanced learning experiences. From February 2001 to April 2002, three further education colleges worked to…

  14. Competency development in antibody production in cancer cell biology

    SciTech Connect

    Park, M.S.

    1998-12-01

    This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The main objective of this project was to develop a rapid recombinant antibody production technology. To achieve the objective, the authors employed (1) production of recombinant antigens that are important for cell cycle regulation and DNA repair, (2) immunization and specific selection of antibody-producing lymphocytes using the flow cytometry and magnetic bead capturing procedure, (3) construction of single chain antibody library, (4) development of recombinant vectors that target, express, and regulate the expression of intracellular antibodies, and (5) specific inhibition of tumor cell growth in tissue culture. The authors have accomplished (1) optimization of a selection procedure to isolate antigen-specific lymphocytes, (2) optimization of the construction of a single-chain antibody library, and (3) development of a new antibody expression vector for intracellular immunization. The future direction of this research is to continue to test the potential use of the intracellular immunization procedure as a tool to study functions of biological molecules and as an immuno-cancer therapy procedure to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

  15. Developing Leaders: The Role of Competencies in Rural Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eddy, Pamela L.

    2013-01-01

    Pending retirements underscore the need to develop community college campus leaders. Rural community colleges will be particularly hard-hit by changes in leadership as they represent the majority of 2-year colleges and face unique challenges given their location. To help address the anticipated leadership transition, the American Association of…

  16. Choosing Between Competing Design Ideals in Information Systems Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heinz K. Klein; Rudy Hirschheim

    2001-01-01

    Whenever information systems are developed, they serve some interests at the expense of others. Just what those interests are and who possesses them need to be understood and debated as they involve value judgments. This paper contends that advice concerning the design of information systems must not be limited to technical design, but should also address what is good or

  17. Development of a replication-competent lentivirus assay for dendritic cell-targeting lentiviral vectors

    PubMed Central

    Farley, Daniel C; McCloskey, Laura; Thorne, Barbara A; Tareen, Semih U; Nicolai, Christopher J; Campbell, David J; Bannister, Richard; Stewart, Hannah J; Pearson, Laura JE; Moyer, Bentley J; Robbins, Scott H; Zielinski, Leah; Kim, Tae; Radcliffe, Pippa A; Mitrophanous, Kyriacos A; Gombotz, Wayne R; Miskin, James E; Kelley-Clarke, Brenna

    2015-01-01

    It is a current regulatory requirement to demonstrate absence of detectable replication-competent lentivirus (RCL) in lentiviral vector products prior to use in clinical trials. Immune Design previously described an HIV-1-based integration-deficient lentiviral vector for use in cancer immunotherapy (VP02). VP02 is enveloped with E1001, a modified Sindbis virus glycoprotein which targets dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN) expressed on dendritic cells in vivo. Vector enveloped with E1001 does not transduce T-cell lines used in standard HIV-1-based RCL assays, making current RCL testing formats unsuitable for testing VP02. We therefore developed a novel assay to test for RCL in clinical lots of VP02. This assay, which utilizes a murine leukemia positive control virus and a 293F cell line expressing the E1001 receptor DC-SIGN, meets a series of evaluation criteria defined in collaboration with US regulatory authorities and demonstrates the ability of the assay format to amplify and detect a hypothetical RCL derived from VP02 vector components. This assay was qualified and used to test six independent GMP production lots of VP02, in which no RCL was detected. We propose that the evaluation criteria used to rationally design this novel method should be considered when developing an RCL assay for any lentiviral vector. PMID:26029728

  18. Development of integrated mental health care: critical workforce competencies.

    PubMed

    Delaney, Kathleen R; Robinson, Karen M; Chafetz, Linda

    2013-01-01

    In integrated care, a person will have his or her medical and behavioral health needs addressed within one health care system. Support for integrated models has grown with the increasing awareness of how the medical comorbidities of individuals with serious mental illness contribute to their morbidity and mortality, the prevalence of mental health problems in the general population, and the mental health issues among those with chronic medical problems. The enactment of effective integrated care will demand developing clinicians who are trained to work with mental health needs at various levels of intensity, who are capable of addressing complex comorbidities, and who operate from a person-centered approach to care. In this light we argue that given their unique skill set and clinical training, Psychiatric-Mental Health Advanced Practice Nurses could play a critical role in integrated care and present policy recommendations which support the development of the Psychiatric-Mental Health Advanced Practice Nurses role in such models. PMID:23702474

  19. Sustainable development and deep ecology: An analysis of competing traditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jacob, Merle

    1994-07-01

    It has been argued that existing perspectives on the environmental crisis can be divided into two broad categories (deep and shallow). Deep ecologists have used this typology to argue that mainstream perspectives on the environment are shallow and overly preoccupied with pollution control and resource degradation. This paper argues that the deep/shallow typology is biased and misleading because it: (1) obscures the fact that shallow ecology is comprised of several internally differentiated and disparate perspectives and (2) it favors the deep ecology perspective by creating the impression that the human-centered nature of the shallow perspective is incompatible with the fundamental changes required to address the environmental crisis. In order to test these claims, we compared deep and shallow perspectives on the environmental crisis using the North American expression of deep ecology and the Brundtland version of sustainable development and steady-state economy as exemplars. From this we were able to make the following conclusions: (1) deep and shallow ecology perspectives are best visualized as part of a continuum of perspectives on the environment that emerged from a long-standing critique of Western development, (2) that the descriptions of the etiology of the environmental crisis offered by sustainable development and deep ecology are incomplete, and (3) although both traditions are presently regarded to be in direct opposition, they have much to learn from each other.

  20. Developing Cross-Cultural Competence: Serving Families of Children with Significant Developmental Needs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers-Adkinson, Diana L.; Ochoa, Theresa A.; Delgado, Bernadette

    2003-01-01

    This article discusses the various cultural interpretations of severe disabilities and the role of enculturation in determining family expectations and participation within the special education system. Research-based techniques and ideas are presented to facilitate increased competence with families in which English is not the first language.…

  1. Development of replication-competent viral vectors for HIV vaccine delivery

    PubMed Central

    Parks, Christopher L.; Picker, Louis J.; King, C. Richter

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of review Briefly describe some of the replication-competent (RC) vectors being investigated for development of candidate HIV vaccines focusing primarily on technologies that have advanced to testing in macaques or have entered clinical trials. Recent findings RC viral vectors have advanced to the stage were decisions can be made regarding future development of HIV vaccines. The viruses being used as RC vector platforms vary considerably, and their unique attributes make it possible to test multiple vaccine design concepts and also mimic various aspects of an HIV infection. RC viral vectors encoding SIV or HIV proteins can be used to safely immunize macaques, and in some cases, there is evidence of significant vaccine efficacy in challenge protection studies. Several live HIV vaccine vectors are in clinical trials to evaluate immunogenicity, safety, the effect of mucosal delivery, and potential effects of pre-existing immunity. Summary A variety of DNA and RNA viruses are being used to develop RC viral vectors for HIV vaccine delivery. Multiple viral vector platforms have proven to be safe and immunogenic with evidence of efficacy in macaques. Some of the more advanced HIV vaccine prototypes based on vesicular stomatitis virus, vaccinia virus, measles virus, and Sendai virus are in clinical trials. PMID:23925000

  2. Developing communication competence using an online Video Reflection system: pre-service teachers' experiences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matt Bower; Michael Cavanagh; Robyn Moloney; MingMing Dao

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on how the cognitive, behavioural and affective communication competencies of undergraduate students were developed using an online Video Reflection system. Pre-service teachers were provided with communication scenarios and asked to record short videos of one another making presentations. Students then uploaded their videos to an online blog and made reflective comments about their communication actions. Students also

  3. Aspects of Inter-Organisational Networks for Developing Firm Competencies - Preliminary Evidence from Malaysia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aliza Akmar Omar; Avvari V. Mohan

    2006-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a preliminary study on an inter-organisational network and the development of organisational competencies among a 'flagship cluster' of organisations. The case study involves a consortium of organisations working on a Government Multi Purpose Card (GMPC) project, one of the various Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) initiatives proposed under the seven flagship applications deployed by the

  4. Supporting the Development of Emotional Intelligence Competencies to Ease the Transition from Primary to High School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Qualter, P.; Whiteley, H. E.; Hutchinson, J. M.; Pope, D. J.

    2007-01-01

    This study aims to explore (1) whether pupils with high emotional intelligence (EI) cope better with the transition to high school; and (2) whether the introduction of an intervention programme to support the development of EI competencies can increase EI and self-worth, and so ease the negative effects of transition. Results suggest that pupils…

  5. Using Video Feedback and Annotations to Develop ICT Competency in Pre-Service Teacher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Kate; Kennedy-Clark, Shannon; Galstaun, Vilma

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of a study that focused on developing Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) competency in pre-service teacher education Units of Study. The study adopted a collaborative-learn-technology-by-design conceptual framework. One-hundred and twenty pre-service teachers participated in the semester-long study.…

  6. Developing Learners' Second Language Communicative Competence through Active Learning: Clickers or Communicative Approach?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agbatogun, Alaba Olaoluwakotansibe

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the impact of clickers, the communicative approach and the lecture method on the communicative competence development of learners who were taught English a second language (ESL). Ninety nine pupils from three primary schools participated in the study. Quasi-experimental non-randomised pre-test posttest…

  7. Automotive Mechanic: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of automotive mechanic. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

  8. Lubrication Specialist: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of lubrication specialist. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

  9. Developing Conversational Competence through Language Awareness and Multimodality: The Use of DVDs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jaen, Maria Moreno; Basanta, Perez

    2009-01-01

    The argument for a pedagogy of input oriented learning for the development of speaking competence (Sharwood-Smith, 1986; Bardovi-Harlig and Salsbury, 2004; Eslami-Rasekh, 2005) has been of increasing interest in Applied Linguistics circles. It has also been argued that multimedia applications, in particular DVDs, provide language learners with…

  10. Perception of Competence in Middle School Physical Education: Instrument Development and Validation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scrabis-Fletcher, Kristin; Silverman, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Perception of Competence (POC) has been studied extensively in physical activity (PA) research with similar instruments adapted for physical education (PE) research. Such instruments do not account for the unique PE learning environment. Therefore, an instrument was developed and the scores validated to measure POC in middle school PE. A…

  11. Competencies for Rural Development Professionals in the Era of HIV/AIDS

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinkman, Dine; Westendorp, Annemarie M. B.; Wals, Arjen E. J.; Mulder, Martin

    2007-01-01

    The impact of HIV/AIDS on food security and rural livelihoods is still insufficiently understood. It is evident, however, that rural development professionals need to respond to the changes that have taken place in rural areas due to the pandemic. This article explores competencies that they need in order to deal with the complex HIV/AIDS issues…

  12. Barriers and Effective Educational Strategies to Develop Extension Agents' Professional Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lakai, Dona; Jayaratne, K. S. U.; Moore, Gary E.; Kistler, Mark J.

    2012-01-01

    The study reported here determined the barriers and effective educational strategies to develop Extension agents' professional competencies. This was a descriptive survey research conducted with a random sample of Extension agents. Increased workload and lack of time and funding were identified as the most constraining barriers of Extension…

  13. Opinions of Primary School Science and Technology Teachers about Developing Students' Affective Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eristi, Bahadir; Tunca, Nihal

    2012-01-01

    The present study aimed to determine the primary school secondary level science and technology teachers' opinions about developing students' affective competence. It was designed as a case study with qualitative research method. The participants of the study consisted of 19 science and technology teachers with at least five years of experience,…

  14. The Future of Blended Learning and the Emerging Competencies of Human Resource Development Professionals in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teng, Ya-Ting; Bonk, Curtis J.; Kim, Kyong-Jee

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the future direction of blended learning in workplace in Taiwan and to probe into emerging competencies of human resource development (HRD) professionals. One hundred and twelve participants who worked in various types of organizations, including government, business, and non-profit organizations were…

  15. Developing Intercultural Competence and Global Citizenship through International Experiences: Academics' Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trede, Franziska; Bowles, Wendy; Bridges, Donna

    2013-01-01

    International education is a key priority for Australian universities, government and employer groups. For students, an international professional experience is uniquely placed in providing opportunities for developing intercultural learning, intercultural competence and global citizenship. Employers see graduates with international experiences as…

  16. A Hierarchical Competing Systems Model of the Emergence and Early Development of Executive Function

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

    2009-01-01

    The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function--the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior--in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a…

  17. Competing Roles of Interfacial Tension and Surfactant Equivalent Weight in the Development of a Chemical Flood

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. L. Enedy; C. D. Stahl

    1982-01-01

    This investigation focused on developing an efficient chemical flooding process by use of dilute surfactant\\/polymer slugs. The competing roles of interfacial tension (IFT) and equivalent weight (EW) of the surfactant used, as well as the effect of different types of preflushes on tertiary oil recovery, were studied. Volume of residual oil recovered per gram of surfactant used was examined as

  18. Principal's Desirability for Professional Development in Competencies Related to Leading Special Education Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pontius, Nicholas Frantz

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of public school principals within the Commonwealth of Virginia as to their desirability for professional development in leading special education programs within their schools. Given a list of 18 competencies related to leading special education principals rated their desirability for…

  19. Developing the Teaching Competences of Novice Faculty Members: A Review of International Literature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiffer, Sacha; Tchibozo, Guy

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to outline what could be learned from the international research literature on the issue of developing teaching competences of novice faculty members. The mission of academics has changed in recent years. Academics must now also meet a strong social demand for graduates' access to employment and are increasingly…

  20. The Development of Core Competencies for the Practice of Marriage and Family Therapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, Thorana S.; Chenail, Ronald J.; Alexander, James F.; Crane, D. Russell; Johnson, Susan M.; Schwallie, Linda

    2007-01-01

    In response to a series of national policy reports regarding what has been termed the "quality chasm" in health and mental health care in the United States, in January 2003, the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy convened a task force to develop core competencies (CC) for the practice of marriage and family therapy (MFT). The…

  1. Service-Learning: A Tool to Develop Employment Competencies for College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramson, Amy J.

    2014-01-01

    College students will face a workplace transformed even from the one that existed five years ago. Public and private organizations presently require employees to possess highly developed core competencies. This shift in expectations, exacerbated by high unemployment among recent college graduates, has made accountability a hot issue for higher…

  2. The Development of Emotional Competence. The Guilford Series on Social and Emotional Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saarni, Carolyn

    The concept of emotional competence entails resilience, self-efficacy, and acting in accord with one's sense of moral character. This suggests argues that emotional competence is demonstrated by the self-efficacy in emotion-eliciting encounters and identifies eight key emotional skills that support its acquisition in interpersonal contexts. The…

  3. The ParB-parS Chromosome Segregation System Modulates Competence Development in Streptococcus pneumoniae

    PubMed Central

    Attaiech, Laetitia; Minnen, Anita; Kjos, Morten; Gruber, Stephan

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT ParB proteins bind centromere-like DNA sequences called parS sites and are involved in plasmid and chromosome segregation in bacteria. We previously showed that the opportunistic human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae contains four parS sequences located close to the origin of replication which are bound by ParB. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), we found here that ParB spreads out from one of these parS sites, parS(?1.6°), for more than 5 kb and occupies the nearby comCDE operon, which drives competence development. Competence allows S. pneumoniae to take up DNA from its environment, thereby mediating horizontal gene transfer, and is also employed as a general stress response. Mutating parS(?1.6°) or deleting parB resulted in transcriptional up-regulation of comCDE and ssbB (a gene belonging to the competence regulon), demonstrating that ParB acts as a repressor of competence. However, genome-wide transcription analysis showed that ParB is not a global transcriptional regulator. Different factors, such as the composition of the growth medium and antibiotic-induced stress, can trigger the sensitive switch driving competence. This work shows that the ParB-parS chromosome segregation machinery also influences this developmental process. PMID:26126852

  4. Coordinated bacteriocin production and competence development: a possible mechanism for taking up DNA from neighbouring species

    PubMed Central

    Kreth, Jens; Merritt, Justin; Shi, Wenyuan; Qi, Fengxia

    2005-01-01

    It is important to ensure DNA availability when bacterial cells develop competence. Previous studies in Streptococcus pneumoniae demonstrated that the competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) induced autolysin production and cell lysis of its own non-competent cells, suggesting a possible active mechanism to secure a homologous DNA pool for uptake and recombination. In this study, we found that in Streptococcus mutans CSP induced coordinated expression of competence and mutacin production genes. This mutacin (mutacin IV) is a non-lantibiotic bacteriocin which kills closely related Streptococcal species such as S. gordonii. In mixed cultures of S. mutans and S. gordonii harbouring a shuttle plasmid, plasmid DNA transfer from S. gordonii to S. mutans was observed in a CSP and mutacin IV-dependent manner. Further analysis demonstrated an increased DNA release from S. gordonii upon addition of the partially purified mutacin IV extract. On the basis of these findings, we propose that Streptococcus mutans, which resides in a multispecies oral bio-film, may utilize the competence-induced bacteriocin production to acquire transforming DNA from other species living in the same ecological niche. This hypothesis is also consistent with a well-known phenomenon that a large genomic diversity exists among different S. mutans strains. This diversity may have resulted from extensive horizontal gene transfer. PMID:15978073

  5. Development of a Core Competency Model for the Master of Public Health Degree

    PubMed Central

    Calhoun, Judith G.; Ramiah, Kalpana; Weist, Elizabeth McGean; Shortell, Stephen M.

    2008-01-01

    Core competencies have been used to redefine curricula across the major health professions in recent decades. In 2006, the Association of Schools of Public Health identified core competencies for the master of public health degree in graduate schools and programs of public health. We provide an overview of the model development process and a listing of 12 core domains and 119 competencies that can serve as a resource for faculty and students for enhancing the quality and accountability of graduate public health education and training. The primary vision for the initiative is the graduation of professionals who are more fully prepared for the many challenges and opportunities in public health in the forthcoming decade. PMID:18633093

  6. Professional Development Needs in Vocational Education and Training in Relation to Developing Language, Literacy and Numeracy Competence. Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oregon Library Foundation, Salem.

    A national research project was conducted in Australia on the professional development needs of curriculum writers, industry trainers, and vocational teachers in relation to the development of language, literacy, and numeracy competence in vocational education and training. Data were collected through the following methods: a review of literature;…

  7. Teaching and assessing clinical skills: a competency-based programme in China.

    PubMed

    Stillman, P L; Wang, Y; Ouyang, Q; Zhang, S; Yang, Y; Sawyer, W D

    1997-01-01

    The objective of this study was to develop a competency-based clinical skills teaching and assessment programme in China utilizing modern teaching techniques. Medical teachers from three schools agreed on items for inclusion in the complete physical examination of an asymptomatic adult, an outline for an adult and paediatric history, and important interviewing skills. Lesson plans, performance checklists, and written and videotape training materials were developed. Standardized patients were trained at one school to assist with the teaching at that school and with the assessment at all three schools. A national, a provincial, and a local medical school in China were used. Before beginning the new curriculum for students in their first year of clinical training, baseline data were collected on skills of students at various levels of training in the previous curriculum at all three schools. Although in the previous curriculum there was some improvement in clinical skills among advanced compared to more junior students, performance was lower than expected by staff. One year after implementation of the new curriculum, students were evaluated. These students significantly outperformed their counterparts as well as the more senior level students tested the previous year. This project has established a competency-based teaching and assessment programme in China that allows for rapid improvement in the clinical skills of students. Within a short time, a sophisticated group of medical educators has been formed, who now function as consultants to other educators in their own country. Many aspects of this programme are being adapted throughout China and are applicable to medical schools throughout the world. PMID:9231122

  8. Multimedia Applications and Development: Essential Competencies for Librarians

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nagarkar, S.

    2010-10-01

    The Department of Library and Information Science, University of Pune, Maharashtra, India, has designed a special elective course entitled "Multimedia Applications and Development" in its two-year integrated Masters Degree program of Library and Information Science. During the course, various open source tools for creating multimedia content were taught. This paper discusses eight different information products which were created by students of the department from 2007-2009. Each project was designed for special users with their specific needs. Students gained much confidence in handling various media. They got an opportunity to interact with experts in the fields of communication and mass media. Library Science professionals can take advantage of open source multimedia tools as well to create or repackage content according to users' needs. The paper concludes with feedback about the course from students and teachers.

  9. Competencies for psychology practice in primary care.

    PubMed

    McDaniel, Susan H; Grus, Catherine L; Cubic, Barbara A; Hunter, Christopher L; Kearney, Lisa K; Schuman, Catherine C; Karel, Michele J; Kessler, Rodger S; Larkin, Kevin T; McCutcheon, Stephen; Miller, Benjamin F; Nash, Justin; Qualls, Sara H; Connolly, Kathryn Sanders; Stancin, Terry; Stanton, Annette L; Sturm, Lynne A; Johnson, Suzanne Bennett

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on the outcome of a presidential initiative of 2012 American Psychological Association President Suzanne Bennett Johnson to delineate competencies for primary care (PC) psychology in six broad domains: science, systems, professionalism, relationships, application, and education. Essential knowledge, skills, and attitudes are described for each PC psychology competency. Two behavioral examples are provided to illustrate each competency. Clinical vignettes demonstrate the competencies in action. Delineation of these competencies is intended to inform education, practice, and research in PC psychology and efforts to further develop team-based competencies in PC. PMID:24820690

  10. Teacher Corps/Peace Corps Competency Based Elementary Physical Education Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Enberg, Mary Lou

    The Teacher Corps/Peace Corps project in elementary school physical education at Washington State University provided a graduate program which was competency based, field based, and partially individualized. The program attempted to fulfill the organizational goals of the two sponsoring federal agencies (Teacher Corps and Peace Corps). Teacher…

  11. Analysis of the Second E-Forum on Competency-Based Approaches

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perez, Leticia

    2007-01-01

    As its title suggests, this is an account of "the Second E-Forum on Competency-based Approaches" and summarises the opinions and experiences expressed by the participants. The forum was based on a discussion paper prepared by the Canadian Observatory of Educational Reforms and a series of questions raised by Philippe Jonnaert were used to…

  12. AMEE Guide No. 14: Outcome-based education: Part 5-From competency to meta-competency: a model for the specification of learning outcomes.

    PubMed

    Harden J R Crosby M H Davis M Friedman, R M

    1999-01-01

    Increased attention is being paid to the specification of learning outcomes.This paper provides a framework based on the three-circle model: what the doctor should be able to do ('doing the right thing'), the approaches to doing it ('doing the thing right') and the development of the individual as a professional ('the right person doing it').Twelve learning outcomes are specified, and these are further subdivided.The different outcomes have been defined at an appropriate level of generality to allow adaptability to the phases of the curriculum, to the subject matter, to the instructional methodology and to the students' learning needs. Outcomes in each of the three areas have distinct underlying characteristics.They move from technical competences or intelligences to meta-competences including academic, emotional, analytical, creative and personal intelligences. The Dundee outcome model offers an intuitive, user-friendly and transparent approach to communicating learning outcomes. It encourages a holistic and integrated approach to medical education and helps to avoid tension between vocational and academic perspectives.The framework can be easily adapted to local needs. It emphasizes the relevance and validity of outcomes to medical practice.The model is relevant to all phases of education and can facilitate the continuum between the different phases. It has the potential of facilitating a comparison between different training programmes in medicine and between different professions engaged in health care delivery. PMID:21281173

  13. Social Competency Development in Multicultural Children, Aged 6-13. Final Report of Exploratory Research on Hispanic-Background Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seelye, H. Ned; Wasilewski, Jacqueline Howell

    This report examines the results of an exploratory research study of the social competency development among multicultural students who attended an after school program administered by the Spanish Education Development Center in Washington, D.C. Three main questions were probed: (1) What social competencies are needed by multicultural children to…

  14. Clinical Competencies Specific to Family-Based Therapy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stinchfield, Tracy Anne

    2004-01-01

    Research has indicated that traditional office-based family therapy services are not always effective with at-risk families and that there is an increasing trend toward home-based delivered services (W. Snyder & E. McCollum, 1999). In this qualitative study, the author explored experienced home-based family therapists' perceptions of the…

  15. A Pareto frontier intersection-based approach for efficient multiobjective optimization of competing concept alternatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rousis, Damon A.

    The expected growth of civil aviation over the next twenty years places significant emphasis on revolutionary technology development aimed at mitigating the environmental impact of commercial aircraft. As the number of technology alternatives grows along with model complexity, current methods for Pareto finding and multiobjective optimization quickly become computationally infeasible. Coupled with the large uncertainty in the early stages of design, optimal designs are sought while avoiding the computational burden of excessive function calls when a single design change or technology assumption could alter the results. This motivates the need for a robust and efficient evaluation methodology for quantitative assessment of competing concepts. This research presents a novel approach that combines Bayesian adaptive sampling with surrogate-based optimization to efficiently place designs near Pareto frontier intersections of competing concepts. Efficiency is increased over sequential multiobjective optimization by focusing computational resources specifically on the location in the design space where optimality shifts between concepts. At the intersection of Pareto frontiers, the selection decisions are most sensitive to preferences place on the objectives, and small perturbations can lead to vastly different final designs. These concepts are incorporated into an evaluation methodology that ultimately reduces the number of failed cases, infeasible designs, and Pareto dominated solutions across all concepts. A set of algebraic samples along with a truss design problem are presented as canonical examples for the proposed approach. The methodology is applied to the design of ultra-high bypass ratio turbofans to guide NASA's technology development efforts for future aircraft. Geared-drive and variable geometry bypass nozzle concepts are explored as enablers for increased bypass ratio and potential alternatives over traditional configurations. The method is shown to improve sampling efficiency and provide clusters of feasible designs that motivate a shift towards revolutionary technologies that reduce fuel burn, emissions, and noise on future aircraft.

  16. Promoting Secondary Teachers' Diagnostic Competence with Respect to Functions: Development of a Scalable Unit in Continuous Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Busch, Julia; Barzel, Bärbel; Leuders, Timo

    2015-01-01

    Diagnosing student achievement in a formative way is a crucial skill for planning and carrying out effective mathematics lessons. This study takes a subject-specific view and aims at investigating diagnostic competence in the field of mathematical functions at secondary level and how to improve it. Following three evidence-based design principles,…

  17. A hierarchy of effective teaching and learning to acquire competence in evidenced-based medicine

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Khalid S; Coomarasamy, Arri

    2006-01-01

    Background A variety of methods exists for teaching and learning evidence-based medicine (EBM). However, there is much debate about the effectiveness of various EBM teaching and learning activities, resulting in a lack of consensus as to what methods constitute the best educational practice. There is a need for a clear hierarchy of educational activities to effectively impart and acquire competence in EBM skills. This paper develops such a hierarchy based on current empirical and theoretical evidence. Discussion EBM requires that health care decisions be based on the best available valid and relevant evidence. To achieve this, teachers delivering EBM curricula need to inculcate amongst learners the skills to gain, assess, apply, integrate and communicate new knowledge in clinical decision-making. Empirical and theoretical evidence suggests that there is a hierarchy of teaching and learning activities in terms of their educational effectiveness: Level 1, interactive and clinically integrated activities; Level 2(a), interactive but classroom based activities; Level 2(b), didactic but clinically integrated activities; and Level 3, didactic, classroom or standalone teaching. Summary All health care professionals need to understand and implement the principles of EBM to improve care of their patients. Interactive and clinically integrated teaching and learning activities provide the basis for the best educational practice in this field. PMID:17173690

  18. Predicting Organization Development Consulting Competence from the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and Stage of Ego Development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gervase R. Bushe; Barrie W. Gibbs

    1990-01-01

    A 77-item Consulting Competence Survey was developed and tested for reliability and validity. During a six-month course designed to help members of a corporate quality staff develop organization development (OD) skills, 64 trainees were each assessed by two of their peers using this instrument. The trainees were also assessed by two trainers using a five-item trainer rating instrument. Two dependent

  19. Interventional pain management skills competency in pain medicine fellows: a method for development and assessment.

    PubMed

    McElroy, Kevin; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Perret-Karimi, Danielle; Hata, Justin; Ferrer, Steven M; Demesmin, Didier; Petagna, Ann Marie

    2014-08-01

    The purposes of this project were to propose an educational module to instruct pain medicine fellows in the appropriate performance of interventional pain management techniques and to verify procedural competency through objective evaluation methodology. Eight board-certified pain medicine physicians spanning two fellowship programs trained seven fellows using a standardized competency-based module. Assessment tools address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (American Board of Anesthesiology Pain Medicine Content Outline). The seven fellows demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module. Objective measures compared the fellows' performance on standardized procedure checklists administered 9 mos into training; fellows in the 2012-2013 academic year also received testing at the 3-mo mark. Support for the assessment module is demonstrated by appropriate performance of interventional procedures, with improvement noted from 3-mo to 9-mo testing, successful completion of chart-stimulated oral examinations, proper performance of relevant physical examination maneuvers, and completion of program-specific medical knowledge written tests. The fellows were evaluated via patient surveys and 360-degree global rating scales, maintained procedure logs, and completed two patient-care reports; these were reviewed by program directors to ensure adequate completion. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology presented provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical skill area of interventional pain management. PMID:25033098

  20. A Project to Develop a Methodology to Establish Standards of Job Performance and Continuing Education Opportunities for Maintaining Competency of Occupational Therapists. AOTA Continuing Competency Project. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Madelaine S.

    The purpose of this project was to develop a methodology to establish standards of job performance and continuing education opportunities for maintaining competency of occupational therapists. The report contents include (1) Statement of the Problem (The Need for Re-Certification, Problems in the Design of the Re-Certification Program, and the…

  1. Designing Competency-Based Materials for the Automotive Mechanics Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Roger L.

    1977-01-01

    Describes the Career Education Center's (Florida State University) development of the "Automotive Mechanics Catalog" (a job inventory noting performance objectives for specific occupational programs), using the Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States (V-TECS) model. Also describes the development of curriculum materials using the…

  2. Do High-Flyer Programmes Facilitate Organizational Learning? From Individual Skills Building to Development of Organizational Competence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larsen, Henrik Holt

    1997-01-01

    "High flyer" or "fast-track" approaches are mainly instrumental for individual career development. A management development approach that emphasizes the match between personal growth and organizational learning contributes more directly to organizational competence, learning, and change. (SK)

  3. A Position Paper on Teacher Competencies for Cultural Diversity in Connection with the AACTE Multicultural Education/Competency-Based Teacher Education Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wynn, Cordell

    The objective of teacher education programs should be to assist prospective teachers in developing competencies needed to intervene successfully in the development of youth from diverse cultural backgrounds. This objective has a number of implications for teacher education programs and for school curriculum at all levels. Teacher education…

  4. Developing a culturally competent health network: a planning framework and guide.

    PubMed

    Gertner, Eric J; Sabino, Judith N; Mahady, Erica; Deitrich, Lynn M; Patton, Jarret R; Grim, Mary Kay; Geiger, James F; Salas-Lopez, Debbie

    2010-01-01

    The number of cultural competency initiatives in healthcare is increasing due to many factors, including changing demographics, quality improvement and regulatory requirements, equitable care missions, and accreditation standards. To facilitate organization-wide transformation, a hospital or healthcare system must establish strategic goals, objectives, and implementation tasks for culturally competent provision of care. This article reports the largely successful results of a cultural competency program instituted at a large system in eastern Pennsylvania. Prior to the development of its cultural competency initiative, Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, Pennsylvania, saw isolated activities producing innovative solutions to diversity and culture issues in the provision of equitable care. But it took a transformational event to support an organization-wide program in cultural competency by strengthening leadership buy-in and providing a sense of urgency, excitement, and shared vision among multiple stakeholders. A multidisciplinary task force, including senior leaders and a diverse group of employees, was created with the authority and responsibility to enact changes. Through a well-organized strategic planning process, existing patient and community demographic data were reviewed to describe existing disparities, a baseline assessment was completed, a mission statement was created, and clear metrics were developed. The strategic plan, which focused on five key areas (demographics, language-appropriate services, employees, training, and education/communication), was approved by the network's chief executive officer and senior managers to demonstrate commitment prior to implementation. Strategic plan implementation proceeded through a project structure consisting of subproject teams charged with achieving the following specific objectives: develop a cultural material repository, enhance employee recruitment/retention, establish a baseline assessment, standardize data collection, provide language-appropriate services, and develop an education program. Change management and project management methodologies; defined roles and responsibilities; and specific, measurable, attainable, realistic, and time-bound goals were used in the implementation. This process has supported organizational change, thereby promoting high-quality, safe, and equitable care through widespread expectations of culturally competent care delivery across the entire network. Using this "ecologic approach" will ensure long-term success. PMID:20565035

  5. The Learning and Competency Development of Master Teachers in Alternative High Schools for At-Risk Youth: A Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Nida W.

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative case study was designed to explore how master teachers in transfer high schools learn the competencies they perceive are required to engage at-risk students so that they persist and graduate. The study is based on the following assumptions: (1) The requisite teacher competencies can be defined and identified and, in fact,…

  6. Public Service Occupations. Practical Arts. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeton, Martha; And Others

    This manual provides curriculum materials for implementing a career exploration class in public service occupations within a Practical Arts Education program for middle/junior high school students. Introductory materials include the program master sequence, a list of public service occupations, and an overview of the competency-based instructional…

  7. A Disciplinary Perspective of Competency-Based Training on the Acquisition of Employability Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boahin, Peter; Hofman, Adriaan

    2013-01-01

    In the changing global economy, employability skills increasingly are the focus of vocational education and training institutions. This paper explores the effect of academic disciplines, students' background characteristics and industry training on the acquisition of employability skills through competency-based training. A significant…

  8. Personal Service Exploration. Practical Arts. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keeton, Martha; And Others

    This manual provides curriculum materials for implementing a career exploration class in personal service occupations within a Practical Arts Education program for middle/junior high school students. Introductory materials include the program master sequence, a list of personal service occupations, and an overview of the competency-based

  9. Social Learning Preferences of Adult Women Learners in a Competency-Based Online Learning Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyman, Emily

    2013-01-01

    In this study a post-assessment survey was analyzed to seek for social learning preferences among women in a competency-based online learning environment. The survey asked what learning resources students used to prepare for the assessment. Each learning resource was given a relative sociability rating. This rating acts as the weighting for a…

  10. Health Services: Clinical. Pharmacy Aide. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cave, Julie; And Others

    This instructor's manual consists of materials for use in presenting a course in the occupational area of pharmacy aide. Included in the first part of the guide are a program master sequence; a master listing of instructional materials, equipment, and supplies; an overview of the competency-based vocational education (CBVE) system; and guidelines…

  11. Competency-Based Cooperative Office Education. Vocational Education Curriculum Guide. Revision. Bulletin 1246.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This curriculum guide, dealing with competency-based cooperative office education in the State of Louisiana, consists of 10 chapters on program implementation and 12 instructional units. Covered in the first part of the guide are cooperative office education programs; coordination, program management, and student placement; legal responsibilities;…

  12. A hierarchy of effective teaching and learning to acquire competence in evidenced-based medicine

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Khalid S Khan; Arri Coomarasamy

    2006-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A variety of methods exists for teaching and learning evidence-based medicine (EBM). However, there is much debate about the effectiveness of various EBM teaching and learning activities, resulting in a lack of consensus as to what methods constitute the best educational practice. There is a need for a clear hierarchy of educational activities to effectively impart and acquire competence

  13. Electrical Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cannone, Richard

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  14. Automotive Mechanics. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Desmond

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  15. A Critical Time for Medical Education: The Perils of Competence-Based Reform of the Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malone, Karen; Supri, Salinder

    2012-01-01

    Rapid expansion in scientific knowledge, changes in medical practice, and greater demands from patients and society necessitate reform of the medical curriculum. In recognition of this, medical educators across the world have recommended the adoption of competence-based education. This is intended to increase the rigour and relevance of the…

  16. A Curriculum Guide for the Texas Competency Based High School Diploma Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrera, Adriana, Comp.

    This curriculum guide provides the essential elements and activities for competency-based high school diploma programs. Adult Performance Level (APL) goals and objectives are listed and correlated to appropriate curriculum content areas. The next section indicates which topics/lessons are covered in each unit or part of a unit. Lists that identify…

  17. Competency-Based Training in International Perspective: Comparing the Implementation Processes Towards the Achievement of Employability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boahin, Peter; Eggink, Jose; Hofman, Adriaan

    2014-01-01

    This article undertakes a comparison of competency-based training (CBT) systems in a number of countries with the purpose of drawing lessons to support Ghana and other countries in the process of CBT implementation. The study focuses on recognition of prior learning and involvement of industry since these features seem crucial in achieving…

  18. Competence-Based Blended Learning in Building Automation: Towards a EU Curriculum in "Domotica"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sommaruga, L.; De Angelis, E.

    2007-01-01

    A competence-based approach was applied to a blended learning on line distance training in the Euroinno EU project aimed at vocational training in building automation. The current paper describes the experience gathered during the learning process and the definition of the curriculum. A number of issues emerged during the sessions concerning…

  19. An Example of Competence-Based Learning: Use of Maxima in Linear Algebra for Engineers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diaz, Ana; Garcia, Alfonsa; de la Villa, Agustin

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses the role of Computer Algebra Systems (CAS) in a model of learning based on competences. The proposal is an e-learning model Linear Algebra course for Engineering, which includes the use of a CAS (Maxima) and focuses on problem solving. A reference model has been taken from the Spanish Open University. The proper use of CAS is…

  20. Competency-Based Adult Education/English as a Second Language Modules: Health.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marinelli, Diane, Ed.

    This packet contains four Competency-Based Adult Education/English as a Second Language (ESL) lessons in the health content area designed for beginning level students. Each lesson revolves around one central character who, in the course of the four lessons, successfully performs four life-coping skills: (1) calling for a doctor's appointment, (2)…

  1. The Change towards a Teaching Methodology Based on Competences: A Case Study in a Spanish University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonzalez, Jose Maria G.; Arquero Montaño, Jose Luis; Hassall, Trevor

    2014-01-01

    The European Higher Education Area (EHEA) has promoted the implementation of a teaching methodology based on competences. Drawing on New Institutional Sociology, the present work aims to identify and improve knowledge concerning the factors which are hindering that change in the Spanish university system. This is investigated using a case study…

  2. Competency Based Education Curriculum for the Orientation and Safety Program of the Oil and Gas Industry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    United Career Center, Clarksburg, WV.

    This competency-based education curriculum for teaching the orientation and safety program for the oil and gas industry in West Virginia is organized into seven units. These units cover the following topics: introduction to oil and gas, first aid, site preparation, drilling operations, equipment familiarity, well completion, and preparation for…

  3. Entrepreneur Program. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Maria, Richard

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The document consists of matrices that describe the relationship of vocational skills to basic communication, mathematics, and science skills within the entrepreneur…

  4. A comparison of South Australia's driver licensing methods: competency-based training vs. practical examination

    E-print Network

    A comparison of South Australia's driver licensing methods: competency-based training vs. practical Australia, 5th Floor CDRC Building, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Woodville Road, Woodville SA 5011, Australia b Transport Systems Centre, School of Geoinformatics, Planning and Building, University of South

  5. Dental Assisting. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mattia, Nancy

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  6. Cosmetology/Hairstyling. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romano, Marie

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  7. Cultural Competence and Evidence-Based Practice in Mental Health Services: A Complementary Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arthur L. Whaley; King E. Davis

    2007-01-01

    The need for cultural competence and the need for evidence-based practice in mental health services are major issues in contemporary discourse, especially in the psychological treatment of people of color. Although these 2 paradigms are complementary in nature, there is little cross-fertilization in the psychological literature. The present article illustrates the complementary nature of these 2 paradigms. A main point

  8. Combining Case-Based Memory with Genetic Algorithm Search for Competent Game AI

    E-print Network

    Louis, Sushil J.

    extracted during human game-play. This paper describes the design of a case-injected Genetic AlgorithmCombining Case-Based Memory with Genetic Algorithm Search for Competent Game AI Sushil J Louis and Chris Miles Evolutionary Computing Systems Laboratory Department of Computer Science and Engineering

  9. Combining CaseBased Memory with Genetic Algorithm Search for Competent Game AI

    E-print Network

    Louis, Sushil J.

    extracted during human game­play. This paper describes the design of a case­injected Genetic AlgorithmCombining Case­Based Memory with Genetic Algorithm Search for Competent Game AI Sushil J Louis and Chris Miles Evolutionary Computing Systems Laboratory Department of Computer Science and Engineering

  10. TNT: Nontraditional Occupations. Practical Arts. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Vocational Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sparks, Mavis C.; And Others

    Designed to be incorporated into career exploration programs in grades 6-9, this nontraditional occupations unit is a component in the Think Nontraditional Series curriculum and is prepared in a competency-based format. The reading level is approximately seventh grade. A course introduction section contains description and purpose of the…

  11. Introduction to MADE (Careers). Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This curriculum guide is one in a series of competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). It consists of some introductory remarks concerning the course, a lesson plan, a course outline, and four sections of lessons for use in implementing the course. Covered in the individual sections are the…

  12. Cultural Competence and Evidence-Based Practice in Mental Health Services: A Complementary Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whaley, Arthur L.; Davis, King E.

    2007-01-01

    The need for cultural competence and the need for evidence-based practice in mental health services are major issues in contemporary discourse, especially in the psychological treatment of people of color. Although these 2 paradigms are complementary in nature, there is little cross-fertilization in the psychological literature. The present…

  13. Building Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gudzak, Raymond

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; a preface; a…

  14. Critically Evaluating Competing Theories: An Exercise Based on the Kitty Genovese Murder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sagarin, Brad J.; Lawler-Sagarin, Kimberly A.

    2005-01-01

    We describe an exercise based on the 1964 murder of Catherine Genovese--a murder observed by 38 witnesses, none of whom called the police. Students read a summary of the murder and worked in small groups to design an experiment to test the competing theories for the inaction of the witnesses (Americans' selfishness and insensitivity vs. diffusion…

  15. Not Just Falling over the Line? A Snapshot of Competency-Based Assessment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickson, Michelle; Bloch, Barbara

    The implementation of competency-based assessment (CBA) under Australia's National Training Framework was evaluated to provide indicators for improvement in CBA policy and practice. The evaluation included three data collection activities: a survey of 258 teachers, trainers, and assessors (response rate, 43%); a survey of 68 Industry Training…

  16. Custom Cabinetmaking. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holmes, Kenneth

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  17. Competency-Based Geropsychology Training in Doctoral Internships and Postdoctoral Fellowships

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregory A. Hinrichsen; Antonette M. Zeiss; Michele J. Karel; Victor A. Molinari

    2010-01-01

    Opportunities for geropsychology training in doctoral internships and postdoctoral fellowships have slowly grown over the years. There will be a need for more geropsychology training programs as the U.S. population ages concurrent with increased demand for mental health services from older adults. This article provides recommendations for competency-based geropsychology training that derive from the Pikes Peak Model for Training in

  18. Marine Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbott, Alan

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  19. Fashion Merchandising. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Edwina

    This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

  20. National Directory of Selected Competency-Based Adult Vocational Education Programs. Information Series No. 127.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Earl, Comp.; And Others

    Intended for use by those attempting to initiate or improve competency-based instruction in adult vocational education programs, this directory contains demographic and descriptive information on sixty selected courses and programs operating in public education, other government agencies, business, industry, and labor. Introductory material…

  1. What Indicates Competency in Systems Based Practice? An Analysis of Perspective Consistency among Healthcare Team Members

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Graham, Mark J.; Naqvi, Zoon; Encandela, John A.; Bylund, Carma L.; Dean, Randa; Calero-Breckheimer, Ayxa; Schmidt, Hilary J.

    2009-01-01

    In many parts of the world the practice of medicine and medical education increasingly focus on providing patient care within context of the larger healthcare system. Our purpose is to solicit perceptions of all professional stakeholders (e.g. nurses) of the system regarding the U.S. ACGME competency Systems Based Practice to uncover the extent to…

  2. An Analysis of Change in a Competency Based Teacher Education Program at the University of Georgia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elmore, Randy

    Thirty-four junior and senior majors in elementary education were the subjects in this study to determine the effects of a competency based teacher education (CBTE) program at the University of Georgia. Four measures were used to determine the effects of the CBTE program. These included (1) the Dimensions of Teachers Beliefs (DTB) instrument, (2)…

  3. Psychotherapy Training for Residents: Reconciling Requirements with Evidence-Based, Competency-Focused Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weerasekera, Priyanthy; Manring, John; Lynn, David John

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) changed the training requirements in psychotherapy, moving toward evidence-based therapies and emphasizing competence and proficiency as outcomes of training. This article examines whether the therapies…

  4. Key competencies in sustainability: a reference framework for academic program development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arnim WiekLauren Withycombe; Lauren Withycombe; Charles L. Redman

    2011-01-01

    The emerging academic field focused on sustainability has been engaged in a rich and converging debate to define what key\\u000a competencies are considered critical for graduating students to possess. For more than a decade, sustainability courses have\\u000a been developed and taught in higher education, yet comprehensive academic programs in sustainability, on the undergraduate\\u000a and graduate level, have emerged only over

  5. Development and Validation of a German-Language Version of the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Uwe Peter Kanning

    2006-01-01

    In the current article, the development and validation of a German-language version of the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ; Buhrmester, Furman, Wittenberg, & Reis, 1988) are described. The five-factor structure of the ICQ is confirmed by structure equation analysis and reliability is well documented (Cronbach's ? = .72–.84). The validation is carried out using the NEO-FFI (Costa & McCrae, 1992) as

  6. Regulation of Streptococcus pneumoniae clp Genes and Their Role in Competence Development and Stress Survival

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ARNAUD CHASTANET; MARC PRUDHOMME; JEAN-PIERRE CLAVERYS; TAREK MSADEK

    2001-01-01

    In vitro mariner transposon mutagenesis of Streptococcus pneumoniae chromosomal DNA was used to isolate regulatory mutants affecting expression of the comCDE operon, encoding the peptide quorum-sensing two- component signal transduction system controlling competence development. A transposon insertion leading to increased comC expression was found to lie directly upstream from the S. pneumoniae clpP gene, encoding the proteolytic subunit of the

  7. Stepping Stones to Success: Previously Developed Career Competencies and Their Benefits to Career Switchers Transitioning to Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayotte, Gail A.

    2003-01-01

    This case study looks at four second career teachers' recognition of previously developed career competencies and their influences on teaching philosophy and classroom practice as they adapt to a new career in teaching. The "know-why," "know-how," and "know-whom" career competencies (Defillippi & Arthur, J. Organizational Behavior 15 (1994) 307)…

  8. Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Introduction to Business. Grades 9-12. Bulletin No. 1729.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This curriculum guide is intended to assist business teachers in enabling students to develop consumer-business and socioeconomic competencies necessary for success in this competitive free enterprise system. Introductory materials include suggested teacher activities. Materials for 12 units are provided. Each unit contains these components: time…

  9. Evidence-based health information and risk competence

    PubMed Central

    Mühlhauser, Ingrid; Albrecht, Martina; Steckelberg, Anke

    2015-01-01

    Consumers and patients want to be included in decisions regarding their own health and have an ethically justified claim on informed decisions. Therefore, sound information is required, but health information is often misleading and based on different interests. The risks of disease and the benefits of medical interventions tend to be overestimated, whereas harm is often underestimated. Evidence-based health information has to fulfil certain criteria, for instance, it should be evidence-based, independent, complete, true as well as understandable. The aim of a medical intervention has to be explained. The different therapeutic options including the option not to intervene have to be delineated. The probabilities for success, lack of success and unwanted side effects have to be communicated in a numerical and understandable manner. Patients have the right to reject medical interventions without any sanctions. PMID:26195924

  10. Development of a fracture mechanics/threshold behavior model to assess the effects of competing mechanisms induced by shot peening on cyclic life of a nickel-base superalloy, Rene 88DT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tufft, Marsha Klopmeier

    This research establishes an improved lower-bound predictive method for the cyclic life of shot peened specimens made from a nickel-base superalloy, Rene 88DT. Based on previous work, shot peening is noted to induce the equivalent of fatigue damage, in addition to the beneficial compressive residual stresses. The ability to quantify the relative effects of various shot peening treatments on cyclic life capability provides a basis for more economic use of shot peening, and selection of shot peening parameters to meet design and life requirements, while minimizing production costs. The predictive method developed consists of two major elements: (1) a Fracture Mechanics Model, which accounts for changes in microstructure, residual stress and topography induced by shot peening, and (2) a Threshold Behavior Map which identifies both crack nucleation and crack propagation thresholds. When both thresholds are crossed, life capability can be evaluated using the Fracture Mechanics model developed. When the crack propagation threshold is exceeded but the crack nucleation threshold is not, the FM method produces a conservative lower-bound estimate of life capability. A unique contribution is the characterization of damage induced by peening by an initial flaw size from microstructural observations of slip depth. Observations of crack formation along slip band in a model disk provide reinforcement for defining a flaw size from slip measurements. Supporting research includes: (1) metallurgical and microstructural evaluation of single impact dimples and production peened coupons, (2) instrumented Single Particle Impact Tests, characterizing changes in material response due to variations in impact conditions (particle size, incidence angle, velocity), (3) duplication of 16 peening conditions used in a designed experiment, characterizing slip depth, residual stress profiles, surface roughness and velocity measurements taken during production peening conditions.

  11. Competency-Based Curriculum in Transportation. General Industrial Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tennessee State Dept. of Education, Nashville. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

    Designed and written for industrial arts instructors and students, this teacher-developed curriculum offers both a model for instructors and practical guidelines for classroom activities that explore the field of transportation. Various aspects of course design and delivery are covered in the introductory section, including course goals and…

  12. A hierarchical competing systems model of the emergence and early development of executive function

    PubMed Central

    Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

    2010-01-01

    The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function – the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior – in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a developmentally invariant habit system and a conscious representational system that becomes increasingly influential as children develop. This article describes a computational formalization of the HCSM, reviews behavioral and computational research consistent with the model, and suggests directions for future research on the development of executive function. PMID:19120405

  13. Competency/Performance-Based Certification; The Latest Scientific Management Effluvium? Or the Answer for Which We Have Waited?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vanderpool, J. Alden

    The fatal flaw of competency/performance-based teacher education (C/PBTE) is the lack of empirical knowledge on teacher behavior as it relates to pupil outcomes. Competencies identified have been based on reason, logic, and experience--all insufficient without empirical evidence. It seems that many accusations against C/PBTE are justified, and it…

  14. The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC): development and validation of a self-reported measure that fits dimensions of emotional competence theory.

    PubMed

    Brasseur, Sophie; Grégoire, Jacques; Bourdu, Romain; Mikolajczak, Moïra

    2013-01-01

    Emotional Competence (EC), which refers to individual differences in the identification, understanding, expression, regulation and use of one's own emotions and those of others, has been found to be an important predictor of individuals' adaptation to their environment. Higher EC is associated with greater happiness, better mental and physical health, more satisfying social and marital relationships and greater occupational success. While it is well-known that EC (as a whole) predicts a number of important outcomes, it is unclear so far which specific competency(ies) participate(s) in a given outcome. This is because no measure of EC distinctly measures each of the five core emotional competences, separately for one's own and others' emotions. This lack of information is problematic both theoretically (we do not understand the processes at stake) and practically (we cannot develop customized interventions). This paper aims to address this issue. We developed and validated in four steps a complete (albeit short: 50 items) self-reported measure of EC: the Profile of Emotional Competence. Analyses performed on a representative sample of 5676 subjects revealed promising psychometric properties. The internal consistency of scales and subscales alike was satisfying, factorial structure was as expected, and concurrent/discriminant validity was good. PMID:23671616

  15. Constructing 'expertness': a novice pharmacist's development of interactional competence in patient consultations.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Hanh Thi

    2006-01-01

    It has been argued that being able to utilize expertise in discourse is as important as having expertise (C. Candlin and S. Candlin 2002). From a constructivist perspective, knowledgeability does not exist outside of social interaction: being expert involves performing knowledge and skills effectively in social practices (cf. Butler 1990; Lave and Wenger 1991). It is, then, crucial that novice professionals develop the interactional competence to construct themselves as experts in interaction. This study brings together perspectives from research on expert-lay communication, social interaction, and situated learning to examine how a pharmacy intern performed his professional knowledge in the practice of patient consultation over time. Using conversation analysis complemented by the interactional competence framework (Hall 1995; Young 2002), I demonstrate that as the novice pharmacist gained more experience over the course of one internship, he was able to employ professional knowledge in ways that were sensitive to the sequential organization of talk, and to share the patients' lifeworld perspectives (Mishler 1984) more effectively, thus successfully managing the transactional and interpersonal functions of the consultations. This study contributes to research on expert-lay interaction, particularly in pharmacy, and to the under-studied area of interactional competence development in the professions. PMID:17129203

  16. Research plan for developing trauma core competencies for nurses in Thailand.

    PubMed

    Unhasuta, Krongdai; Robinson, Marylou V; Magilvy, Kathy

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this research plan was identification and development of core competencies for emergency trauma nurses in Thailand. The research plan was undertaken in three phases. Phase I: a national survey of the critical dimensions of care; Phase II: development of a 64 item tool; and Phase III: efficiency study with emergency nurses representing Level-1, Regional, Community and Rural facilities. Six dimensions of competency were identified: cooperation, decision-making, leadership, problem-solving, teamwork, and technical knowledge with a content validity index (CVI) of 1.00 and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) of 0.98 (N=485 RNs in 29 hospitals). Analysis of the first year pilot study data using a 5 point likert scale (N=285 RNs in 16 hospitals), nurses rated themselves as 4.18 (SD=0.69) and their peers at 4.00 (SD=0.68). Head nurse evaluations averaged 3.98 (SD=0.55). ANOVA demonstrated no statistical significance (p=0.09) between groups. The results of the preliminary studies demonstrated appropriateness of the core competency items, but refinement is required prior to national distribution. PMID:20129437

  17. Development of a tool to measure clinical competence in occupational therapy: a pilot study?

    PubMed

    Salvatori, P; Baptiste, S; Ward, M

    2000-02-01

    Clinical competence is generally defined as a combination of knowledge, skill and professional behaviour. It is typically assessed using written tests, direct observation, chart audit, client satisfaction surveys and supervisor ratings. This paper describes the development and evaluation of a chart-stimulated recall (CSR) measure that combines the methods of chart audit and clinician interview to assess the clinical competence of practicing occupational therapists. The CSR tool was developed using the Canadian Guidelines for Client-Centred Practice and taps global domains of competence: use of theory, assessment, program planning, intervention, discharge planning, follow-up, program evaluation, clinical reasoning and professional behaviours. This pilot study involved two independent raters/interviewers who assessed twelve occupational therapy clinicians on two occasions using a random sample of client cases/records on each occasion Results indicate that the CSR tool is not only reliable and valid, but also sufficiently generic to be used in a variety of practice settings as a global measure of on-the-job performance. PMID:10695169

  18. The form of early development. Continuity and discontinuity in emergent competences.

    PubMed

    Kagan, J

    1979-09-01

    Conceptions of psychological development devised by Western theorists have assumed connectivity of stages, stability of acquired structures, and continuity of process, and have resisted the possibility that some emerging psychological qualities might have relatively short histories. Empirical studies of the first two years of life suggest that the enhancement of retrieval memory at 8 to 10 months of age, the emergence of a linguistic set at 15 to 18 months of age, and sensitivity to standards of competence prior to the second birthday are emergent human competences that may not necessarily have a historical link to the events of early infancy. Developmental theorists should be as receptive to sequences that are relatively discontinuous as they are to those that are gradual and cumulative. PMID:475541

  19. Research on Resource-Based Management Information System Competencies and Strategies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Qing Chen; Huiping Cheng

    2008-01-01

    Management information system (MIS) is charged with improving the performance of organizations and people through the use of information technology. This paper focuses on resource-based management information system competencies and strategies. First, from a resource-based perspective, MIS resources that are inimitable and valuable can be rent-yielding. MIS resources can be divided into three broad categories - human, technological, and relationship

  20. Cultural competence models and cultural competence assessment instruments in nursing: a literature review.

    PubMed

    Shen, Zuwang

    2015-05-01

    The author reviewed cultural competence models and cultural competence assessment instruments developed and published by nurse researchers since 1982. Both models and instruments were examined in terms of their components, theoretical backgrounds, empirical validation, and psychometric evaluation. Most models were not empirically tested; only a few models developed model-based instruments. About half of the instruments were tested with varying levels of psychometric properties. Other related issues were discussed, including the definition of cultural competence and its significance in model and instrument development, limitations of existing models and instruments, impact of cultural competence on health disparities, and further work in cultural competence research and practice. PMID:24817206

  1. Identifying the policy implications of competency-based education.

    PubMed

    Taber, Sarah; Frank, Jason R; Harris, Kenneth A; Glasgow, Nicholas J; Iobst, William; Talbot, Martin

    2010-01-01

    At their 2009 consensus conference, the International CBME Collaborators proposed a number of central tenets of CBME in order to advance the field of medical education. Although the proposed conceptualization of CBME offers several advantages and opportunities, including a greater emphasis on outcomes, a mechanism for the promotion of learner-centred curricula, and the potential to move away from time-based training and credentialing in medicine, it is also associated with several significant barriers to adoption. This paper examines the concepts of CBME through a broad educational policy lens, identifying considerations for medical education leaders, health care institutions, and policy-makers at both the meso (program, institutional) and macro (health care system, inter-jurisdictional, and international) levels. Through this analysis, it is clear that CBME is associated with a number of complex challenges and questions, and cannot be considered in isolation from the complex systems in which it functions. Much more work is needed to engage stakeholders in dialogue, to debate the issues, and to identify possible solutions. PMID:20662582

  2. Towards a Human Resource Development Ontology for Combining Competence Management and Technology-Enhanced Workplace Learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas Schmidt; Christine Kunzmann

    2006-01-01

    Competencies as abstractions of work-relevant human behaviour have emerged as a promising concept for making human skills, knowledge and abilities manageable and addressable. On the organizational level, competence manage- ment uses competencies for integrating the goal-oriented shaping of human assets into management practice. On the operational and technical level, technology- enhanced workplace learning uses competencies for fostering learning activities of

  3. The Development of Young Children's Productive Narrative Competence in Conversational Contexts: A Longitudinal Investigation (Outstanding Dissertation Award 1986-1987).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Preece, Alison

    1989-01-01

    Presents a corrected and slightly expanded abstract of Alison Preece's doctoral dissertation on the development of young children's productive narrative competence, winner of the International Reading Association's Outstanding Dissertation Award for 1986-1987 (See EJ 378 645). (RS)

  4. Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Horticulture Using the V-TECS Catalogues. Final Report, Period Covered: September 17, 1979-June 30, 1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

    An Illinois project developed competency-based curriculum guides for Gardening/Groundskeeping and Floriculture using the V-TECS (Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States) catalogues. The programs were designed to provide students at the senior high school and two-year college level with entry-level and higher job skills and to provide…

  5. Competent psychopharmacology.

    PubMed

    Gardner, David M

    2014-08-01

    There is little doubt that undergraduate and post-graduate training of physicians, pharmacists, and nurses is insufficient to prepare them to use psychotropics safely and effectively, especially in the context of their expanded off-label uses. Therefore, the development of competencies in psychotropic prescribing needs to be approached as a long-term, practice-based learning commitment. Proposed are the abilities and knowledge components necessary for safe and effective use of psychotropics. Typical challenges in prescribing for chronic and recurrent illnesses include highly variable responses and tolerability, drug interactions, and adverse effects that can be serious, irreversible, and even fatal. Prescribing psychotropics is further complicated by negative public and professional reports and growing patient concerns about the quality of care, and questions about the efficacy, safety, and addictive risks of psychotropics. Increased efforts are needed to enhance clinical training and knowledge in psychopharmacology among trainees and practising clinicians, with more comprehensive and sustained attention to the assessment of individual patients, and greater reliance on patient education and collaboration. Improved competence in psychotropic prescribing should lead to more informed, thoughtful, and better-targeted applications as one component of more comprehensive clinical care. PMID:25161064

  6. DESIGN AND CORE COMPETENCY, THE MISSING LINKS Eric Bonjour1

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    competency building are key issues for managers of product development process, design skills networks Designers have to develop products with drastic performances related to cost, delay, quality, environmental competency. This framework is a first step beyond an efficient competency based management of design

  7. Motor Skill Competence and Perceived Motor Competence: Which Best Predicts Physical Activity among Girls?

    PubMed Central

    Khodaverdi, Zeinab; Bahram, Abbas; Khalaji, Hassan; Kazemnejad, Anoshirvan

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background The main purpose of this study was to determine which correlate, perceived motor competence or motor skill competence, best predicts girls’ physical activity behavior. Methods A sample of 352 girls (mean age=8.7, SD=0.3 yr) participated in this study. To assess motor skill competence and perceived motor competence, each child completed the Test of Gross Motor Development-2 and Physical Ability sub-scale of Marsh’s Self-Description Questionnaire. Children’s physical activity was assessed by the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Older Children. Multiple linear regression model was used to determine whether perceived motor competence or motor skill competence best predicts moderate-to-vigorous self-report physical activity. Results Multiple regression analysis indicated that motor skill competence and perceived motor competence predicted 21% variance in physical activity (R2=0.21, F=48.9, P=0.001), and motor skill competence (R2=0.15, ?=0.33, P= 0.001) resulted in more variance than perceived motor competence (R2=0.06, ?=0.25, P=0.001) in physical activity. Conclusion Results revealed motor skill competence had more influence in comparison with perceived motor competence on physical activity level. We suggest interventional programs based on motor skill competence and perceived motor competence should be administered or implemented to promote physical activity in young girls.

  8. READING and FEELING: the effects of a literature-based intervention designed to increase emotional competence in second and third graders

    PubMed Central

    Kumschick, Irina R.; Beck, Luna; Eid, Michael; Witte, Georg; Klann-Delius, Gisela; Heuser, Isabella; Steinlein, Rüdiger; Menninghaus, Winfried

    2014-01-01

    Emotional competence has an important influence on development in school. We hypothesized that reading and discussing children’s books with emotional content increases children’s emotional competence. To examine this assumption, we developed a literature-based intervention, named READING and FEELING, and tested it on 104 second and third graders in their after-school care center. Children who attended the same care center but did not participate in the emotion-centered literary program formed the control group (n = 104). Our goal was to promote emotional competence and to evaluate the effectiveness of the READING and FEELING program. Emotional competence variables were measured prior to the intervention and 9 weeks later, at the end of the program. Results revealed significant improvements in the emotional vocabulary, explicit emotional knowledge, and recognition of masked feelings. Regarding the treatment effect for detecting masked feelings, we found that boys benefited significantly more than girls. These findings underscore the assumption that children’s literature is an appropriate vehicle to support the development of emotional competence in middle childhood. PMID:25566129

  9. Competencies: A New Sector.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brophy, Monica; Kiely, Tony

    2002-01-01

    Job analysis of managers in 42 Irish three-star hotels identified the following key management competencies and associated behavioral indicators. The results were used to develop a competency framework for management development. (Contains 29 references.) (SK)

  10. Leadership competencies and perceptions of students following a traditional or web-based graduate academic leadership course 

    E-print Network

    Koch, Sharon Elaine

    2005-08-29

    The intent of this study was to determine if leadership competency levels of the students enrolled in a graduate level leadership course were different when taught in Web-based versus traditional classroom settings. Specifically studied were...

  11. Competency-Based Curriculum Analysis Using a Microcomputer Database System: Results of a Faculty Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Slack, Marion K.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Time spent by pharmacy faculty teaching specific competencies was analyzed using a database program. Results indicate half the time was used to teach competencies for initiating, evaluating, and monitoring drug therapy, one-third for drug distribution competencies, and the remainder on competencies in administration, communications, law, drug…

  12. The Identification and Evaluation of Job Entry Competencies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walker, Noojin, Ed.; And Others

    The identification and evaluation of job-entry competencies was the final portion of a long-term project designed to develop certain vocational programs as competency-based education (CBE). Employers took part in several phases of the project, including identifying expected job performances, defining needed competencies and expected levels,…

  13. Assessing nursing competency in the correctional environment: the creation of a self-reflection learning and development tool

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew J Cashin; Mary Chiarella; Donna Waters; Emily Potter

    2008-01-01

    The authors discuss the development and implementation of the Justice Health (JH) Core Competencies Survey. This survey was designed to identify education needs for a nurse commencing work with JH and at annual review. The development of the third iteration, formatted as an online self-report survey, is discussed. The results of the online survey in 2006 are discussed. Generally, JH

  14. Development and Validation of a Test Instrument for the Assessment of Basic Motor Competencies in Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herrmann, Christian; Gerlach, Erin; Seelig, Harald

    2015-01-01

    A central aim of Physical Education (PE) is the promotion of basic motor competencies ("Motorische Basiskompetenzen" [MOBAK]). These are the necessary prerequisites for developing a physically active lifestyle. Valid test instruments are needed for the evaluation of the effect of PE. For this purpose, we developed a test instrument for…

  15. Pedagogic Aspects of the Design and Content of an Online Course for the Development of Lexical Competence: ADELEX

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Basanta, Carmen Perez

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents an online course for assessing and developing lexical competence which grew out of one simple question: How many words do our students have? We start by highlighting the importance of vocabulary teaching in the second language learning process and the beneficial effects of multimedia on developing lexis. The first response to…

  16. Web-Based Evidence Based Practice Educational Intervention to Improve EBP Competence among BSN-Prepared Pediatric Bedside Nurses: A Mixed Methods Pilot Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Laibhen-Parkes, Natasha

    2014-01-01

    For pediatric nurses, their competence in EBP is critical for providing high-quality care and maximizing patient outcomes. The purpose of this pilot study was to assess and refine a Web-based EBP educational intervention focused on improving EBP beliefs and competence in BSN-prepared pediatric bedside nurses, and to examine the feasibility,…

  17. Workforce Competencies in Behavioral Health: An Overview

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael A. Hoge; Manuel Paris; Hoover Adger; Cherry V. Finn; Larry Fricks; Kenneth J. Gill; Judith Haber; Marsali Hansen; D. J. Ida; Linda Kaplan; William F. Northey; Maria J. O’Connell; Anita L. Rosen; Zebulon Taintor; Janis Tondora; Alexander S. Young

    2005-01-01

    Competency-based training approaches are being used more in healthcare to guide curriculum content and ensure accountability and outcomes in the educational process. This article provides an overview of the state of competency development in the field of behavioral health. Specifically, it identifies the groups and organizations that have conducted and supported this work, summarizes their progress in defining and assessing

  18. Leadership development study :success profile competencies and high-performing leaders at Sandia National Laboratories.

    SciTech Connect

    Becker, Katherine M.; Mulligan, Deborah Rae; Szenasi, Gail L.; Crowder, Stephen Vernon

    2005-04-01

    Sandia is undergoing tremendous change. Sandia's executive management recognized the need for leadership development. About ten years ago the Business, Leadership, and Management Development department in partnership with executive management developed and implemented the organizational leadership Success Profile Competencies to help address some of the changes on the horizon such as workforce losses and lack of a skill set in the area of interpersonal skills. This study addresses the need for the Business, Leadership, and Management Development department to provide statistically sound data in two areas. One is to demonstrate that the organizational 360-degree success profile assessment tool has made a difference for leaders. A second area is to demonstrate the presence of high performing leaders at the Labs. The study utilized two tools to address these two areas. Study participants were made up of individuals who have solid data on Sandia's 360-degree success profile assessment tool. The second assessment tool was comprised of those leaders who participated in the Lockheed Martin Corporation Employee Preferences Survey. Statistical data supports the connection between leader indicators and the 360-degree assessment tool. The study also indicates the presence of high performing leaders at Sandia.

  19. Contextually Based Professional Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blocher, J. Michael; Armfield, Shadow W.; Sujo-Montes, Laura; Tucker, Gary; Willis, Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the authors detail a study of a three-year professional development project designed to increase in-service teachers' classroom technology integration. Participants engaged in learning activities that modeled technology integration from a contextually based perspective that included technology, and pedagogical and content…

  20. A predictive maintenance strategy based on mean residual life for systems subject to competing failures due to degradation and shocks

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A predictive maintenance strategy based on mean residual life for systems subject to competing of Technology, Grenoble, France Abstract: In condition-based maintenance area, mean residual life function to illustrate the analytical results of the strategy. Keywords: Mean residual life, Condition-based maintenance

  1. Developing Competent Youth and Strong Communities through After-School Programming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Danish, Steven J., Ed.; Gullotta, Thomas P., Ed.

    Noting the renewed attention given to community efforts supporting after-school activities to promote social competence in its youth, this book examines the concepts of play and rites of passage for youth. The book also discusses the contributions of various types of activities on youth social competency, presents a variety of perspectives for…

  2. Adult Competency Education Kit. Basic Skills in Speaking, Math, and Reading for Employment. Part J. ACE Competency Based Job Descriptions: Sales Core Job Description; #36--Sales, Automotive Parts; #37--Sales, Retail; #38--Salesperson, Garden & Housewares; #39--Salesperson, Women's Garments.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    San Mateo County Office of Education, Redwood City, CA. Career Preparation Centers.

    This seventh of fifteen sets of Adult Competency Education (ACE) Competency Based Job Descriptions in the ACE kit contains job descriptions for Salesperson, Automotive Parts; Sales Clerk, Retail; Salesperson, Garden and Housewares; and Salesperson, Women's Garments. Each begins with a fact sheet that includes this information: occupational title,…

  3. Selection rhizosphere-competent microbes for development of microbial products as biocontrol agents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mashinistova, A. V.; Elchin, A. A.; Gorbunova, N. V.; Muratov, V. S.; Kydralieva, K. A.; Khudaibergenova, B. M.; Shabaev, V. P.; Jorobekova, Sh. J.

    2009-04-01

    Rhizosphere-borne microorganisms reintroduced to the soil-root interface can establish without inducing permanent disturbance in the microbial balance and effectively colonise the rhizosphere due to carbon sources of plant root exudates. A challenge for future development of microbial products for use in agriculture will be selection of rhizosphere-competent microbes that both protect the plant from pathogens and improve crop establishment and persistence. In this study screening, collection, identification and expression of stable and technological microbial strains living in soils and in the rhizosphere of abundant weed - couch-grass Elytrigia repens L. Nevski were conducted. A total of 98 bacteria isolated from the rhizosphere were assessed for biocontrol activity in vitro against phytopathogenic fungi including Fusarium culmorum, Fusarium heterosporum, Fusarium oxysporum, Drechslera teres, Bipolaris sorokiniana, Piricularia oryzae, Botrytis cinerea, Colletothrichum atramentarium and Cladosporium sp., Stagonospora nodorum. Biocontrol activity were performed by the following methods: radial and parallel streaks, "host - pathogen" on the cuts of wheat leaves. A culture collection comprising 64 potential biocontrol agents (BCA) against wheat and barley root diseases has been established. Of these, the most effective were 8 isolates inhibitory to at least 4 out of 5 phytopathogenic fungi tested. The remaining isolates inhibited at least 1 of 5 fungi tested. Growth stimulating activity of proposed rhizobacteria-based preparations was estimated using seedling and vegetative pot techniques. Seeds-inoculation and the tests in laboratory and field conditions were conducted for different agricultural crops - wheat and barley. Intact cells, liquid culture filtrates and crude extracts of the four beneficial bacterial strains isolated from the rhizosphere of weed were studied to stimulate plant growth. As a result, four bacterial strains selected from rhizosphere of weed - couch-grass Elytrigia repens L. Nevski were chosen as a core of collection of 98 pure cultures with high fungicidal and plant growth-stimulating potentials. Partial determination of nucleotide sequence of 16S ribosomes of tested bacteria indicated that Pseudomonas and Bacillus species were the most dominant bacteria exhibiting biocontrol activity. Typing of bacterial strains was performed on the basis of partial determination of nucleotide sequence 16S ribosome of the studying strain. For this purpose polymerase chain reaction (PCR), using specific primers was provided with chromosomal DNA of bacterial strain under study. After determination of nucleotide sequences of the obtained PCR-fragments, the data obtained was compared with the sequences available in the bank of data (GENEBANK: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov), with the aim to determine close related strain to the organism under study. When the level of homology exceeded the level of 98%, one could conclude that the strain under study was identical to the available in the bank of data. Amplification and sequencing of gene 16S pDNA was performed using universal for the majority of prokaryotes primers. Thermopolimerase Long PCR Enzyme Mix «Fermentas», dNTP -«Fermentas» was used for amplification. While performing PCR, reagent concentrations corresponded to the protocols described in a set Long PCR Enzyme Mix «Fermentas». DNA separation from the sample was performed with DNeasy Plant Mini Kit «QIAGEN». DNA separation from gel was performed with QIAquick Gel Extraction Kit«QIAGEN». Phylogenetic affinity was determined on the basis of the comparison of nucleotide sequence - 400 nucleotides that approximately corresponded to the positions from 500 to 907 nucleotides by nomenclature of E.coli. Primary analysis of the similarity of nucleotide sequences of genes 16S ?DNA of the strains under study was performed on the basis of data Genbank. Sequences were aligned according to nucleotide sequences of those bacteria, which had the highest degree of homology with the strains under study, applyin

  4. A Meaning for Competency.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Charles E.; And Others

    This paper, in an attempt to develop a meaning for the term "competency" as it relates to education, begins with a brief review of the literature of competency. The authors then offer their definition: a competency is a rational performance which satisfactorily meets the objectives for a desired condition and can be categorized as (a) basic, or…

  5. PROSPER Community–University Partnership Model for Public Education Systems: Capacity-Building for Evidence-Based, Competence-Building Prevention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Spoth; Mark Greenberg; Karen Bierman; Cleve Redmond

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a model to guide capacity-building in state public education systems for delivery of evidence-based family and youth interventions—interventions that are designed to bolster youth competencies, learning, and positive development overall. Central to this effort is a linking capacity agents framework that builds upon longstanding state public education infrastructures, and a partnership model called PROSPER or PROmoting School–community–university

  6. Towards the Development of a Cultural Competence Framework for Human Resource Development Professionals in International Business: A Study of Best Practice Learning and Diversity Companies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyeyune, Catherine

    2012-01-01

    In a global environment, growing business corporations have recognized the role diversity plays in business development. However, the human resource development (HRD) profession charged with the responsibility for developing any organization's human resources, has not defined what cultural competence is and its role in improving the…

  7. Tracheostomy management skills competency in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents: a method for development and assessment.

    PubMed

    Khademi, Allen; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Cerillo, Lynn M; Dibling, Janice; Wade, Chris; Liang, Jing; Martin, Michele L; Petagna, Ann Marie; Strax, Thomas E

    2012-01-01

    This educational unit was developed to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation residents on tracheostomy management in non-ventilator-dependent patients and to implement an objective assessment format to measure the attainment of these skills. Thirty-one subjects participated in a 2-day didactic and hands-on workshop supervised by an attending physiatrist, certified speech pathologists, and registered nurses. Assessment tools developed for this program address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. To test the success of the standardized educational module, data have been collected on an ongoing basis for a period of 6 yrs. A before-and-after multiple-choice written examination, as well as simulated patient encounters consisting of eight segments divided into four stations, was used to assess knowledge acquisition and skill achievement. Before instruction, none of the 31 participants were able to perform appropriate tracheostomy care. After the workshop, 31 of 31 (100%) successfully demonstrated clinical proficiency in every segment of the evaluation element of the educational module. Furthermore, a significant increase in knowledge was observed in the multiple-choice examination from pretest to posttest (pretest, 52.7%; posttest, 84.5%). Participation in this module resulted in substantial acquisition of knowledge and skills regarding tracheostomy management for physical medicine and rehabilitation residents. PMID:22157437

  8. Development of Interactional Competence in L2 Japanese during Study Abroad: The Use of Modal Expressions in Recipient Actions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ishida, Midori

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the processes in which second language (L2) speakers of Japanese develop their interactional competence in using modal expressions (e.g., "ne" [I share your view], "kamo" [maybe]) as recipients during study abroad. Although previous research has found that beginning learners of Japanese use the acknowledging receipt…

  9. Survey of Middle School Teacher Desire for Staff Development Focused on Competencies to Teach Gifted and Talented Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Neil, Deborah O.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, to determine the level of teacher desire for professional development in competencies needed to teach gifted learners, and second, to identify differences in the level of teacher desirability as it related to a number of independent measures (gender, life stage, teacher concerns, primary teaching…

  10. The Use of Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) within a Constructivist Learning Environment to Develop Core Competencies in Social Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fire, Nancy; Casstevens, W. J.

    2013-01-01

    Achieving foundation-level practice behaviors to develop social work core competencies involves integrating learning across a curriculum. This article focuses on two phases of foundation-level course redevelopment aimed to support graduate students in accomplishing this outcome. The first phase involved restructuring the course to become a…

  11. Service Center Mechanic: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of service center mechanic. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

  12. Exploratory Program for Auto Mechanics: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

    Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for an exploratory program in auto mechanics. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and postsecondary…

  13. The Supervisor in the Project-Organized Group Work Should Participate in Developing the Students' Project Competencies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hansen, Soren

    2004-01-01

    Most work done by engineers today is organized in projects and very often as teamwork. When educating towards employability, it is therefore important that the students develop competencies in areas such as project management, collaboration and teamwork. In companies using human resource management, we find similar expectations to the engineers'…

  14. Adolescent Development of Global Competencies through a Short-Term International Study-Travel Experience to China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gould, Rachel Zucker

    2012-01-01

    The capacity of adolescents to develop global competencies was examined by collecting and analyzing data from 62 student-travelers before, during, and after a short-term study-travel experience to China. The Global Perspectives Inventory was used to compare the student-travelers' perspectives before and after travel with a comparison group of…

  15. Developing Competencies for Using the Interactive Whiteboard to Implement Communicative Language Teaching in the English as a Foreign Language Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cutrin Schmid, Euline

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses the findings of a case study conducted with an English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teacher at a German secondary school. This case study is part of a research project that investigates the new competencies that EFL teachers need to acquire in order to be able to use the interactive whiteboard (IWB) to develop their practice,…

  16. Developing Intercultural Competence in Future Student Affairs Professionals through a Graduate Student Global Study Course to Doha, Qatar

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haber, Paige; Getz, Cheryl

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a 2-week global study course to Doha, Qatar for graduate students in the higher education leadership and student affairs program at the University of San Diego. The course sought to develop intercultural competence with a specific focus on understanding Qatari and Middle Eastern perspectives and culture, understanding the…

  17. Variation in Sustainability Competency Development According to Age, Gender, and Disciplinary Affiliation: Implications for Teaching Practice and Overall Program Structure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Remington-Doucette, Sonya; Musgrove, Sheryl

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present the results of a classroom assessment aimed at determining the extent to which five key sustainability competencies develop in students during an introductory transdisciplinary sustainability course. University sustainability programs intend to provide integrated education that fosters the key…

  18. Shifting paradigms: from Flexner to competencies.

    PubMed

    Carraccio, Carol; Wolfsthal, Susan D; Englander, Robert; Ferentz, Kevin; Martin, Christine

    2002-05-01

    Realizing medical education is on the brink of a major paradigm shift from structure- and process-based to competency-based education and measurement of outcomes, the authors reviewed the existing medical literature to provide practical insight into how to accomplish full implementation and evaluation of this new paradigm. They searched Medline and the Educational Resource Information Clearinghouse from the 1960s until the present, reviewed the titles and abstracts of the 469 articles the search produced, and chose 68 relevant articles for full review. The authors found that in the 1970s and 1980s much attention was given to the need for and the development of professional competencies for many medical disciplines. Little attention, however, was devoted to defining the benchmarks of specific competencies, how to attain them, or the evaluation of competence. Lack of evaluation strategies was likely one of the forces responsible for the three-decade lag between initiation of the movement and wide-spread adoption. Lessons learned from past experiences include the importance of strategic planning and faculty and learner buy-in for defining competencies. In addition, the benchmarks for defining competency and the thresholds for attaining competence must be clearly delineated. The development of appropriate assessment tools to measure competence remains the challenge of this decade, and educators must be responsible for studying the impact of this paradigm shift to determine whether its ultimate effect is the production of more competent physicians. PMID:12010689

  19. Preparing a 21st century workforce: is it time to consider clinically based, competency-based training of health practitioners?

    PubMed

    Nancarrow, Susan A; Moran, Anna M; Graham, Iain

    2014-02-01

    Health workforce training in the 21st century is still based largely on 20th century healthcare paradigms that emphasise professionalisation at the expense of patient-focussed care. This is illustrated by the paradox of increased training times for health workers that have corresponded with workforce shortages, the limited career options and pathways for paraprofessional workers, and inefficient clinical training models that detract from, rather than add to, service capacity. We propose instead that a 21st century health workforce training model should be: situated in the clinical setting and supported by outsourced university training (not the other way around); based on the achievement of specific milestones rather than being time-defined; and incorporate para-professional career pathways that allow trainees to 'step-off' with a useable qualification following the achievement of specific competencies. Such a model could be facilitated by existing technology and clinical training infrastructure, with enormous potential for economies of scale in the provision of formal training. The benefits of a clinically based, competency-based model include an increase in clinical service capacity, and clinical training resources become a resource for the delivery of healthcare, not just education. Existing training models are unsustainable, and are not preparing a workforce with the flexibility the 21st century demands. PMID:24351806

  20. Carpentry. Ohio's Competency Analysis Profile.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

    This comprehensive and verified employer competency list was developed from a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) process involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This competency list contains 14 units (with or without subunits), competencies, and competency builders that identify the occupational,…