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1

Developing a skills-based competency course.  

PubMed

Skills-based competency programs evaluate whether participants can demonstrate knowledge, skills, and professional behaviors associated with a skill in a simulated or actual clinical setting. Critical elements for program development include accurate and precise outcome statements that delineate the skill to be performed and valid and reliable evaluation criteria that identify the critical behaviors necessary for safe and competent performance. PMID:23181403

Chappell, Kathy; Koithan, Mary

2012-12-01

2

A Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some of the major issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The article summarizes a brief literature review on how competency models can be developed and implemented to improve employee performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized…

Gangani, Noordeen; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2006-01-01

3

Defining and Assessing Competencies for Competency-Based, Outcome-Focused Management Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that competency-based management development programs should shift emphasis from theories and skills to decisions managers must make. Presents a model for defining types of management decisions regarding nontechnical issues. (Contains 16 references.) (SK)

Rausch, Erwin; Sherman, Herbert; Washbush, John B.

2002-01-01

4

Principles for Developing Competency-Based Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2013 US college/university policy agenda, "Making College Affordable: A Better Agenda for the Middle Class," highlighted the role of developing technologies, institutional curriculum-design processes, and new delivery methods as keys to providing quality, affordable postsecondary education. Competency-based education (CBE) is given…

Johnstone, Sally M.; Soares, Louis

2014-01-01

5

Developing a Competency-Based Curriculum for a Dental Hygiene Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the three-step process used to develop a competency-based curriculum at the Caruth School of Dental Hygiene (Texas A&M University). The process involved development of a competency document (detailing three domains, nine major competencies, and 54 supporting competencies), an evaluation plan, and a curriculum inventory which defined the…

DeWald, Janice P.; McCann, Ann L.

1999-01-01

6

Adaptive Evaluation Based on Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lifelong competence development and transfer of competencies acquisition is a tendency of global world and specifically for e-learning.. Generally, an instructional based-competence process consists in four single sub-processes, the competence definition, competence development, competence assessment process and certification. This paper presents a competence-based adaptive assessment process for judging competence of learners in the context of a virtual learning environment.

Silvia M. Baldiris; Ramón Fabregat Gesa

7

Competency-Based Faculty Development in Community-Engaged Scholarship: A Diffusion of Innovation Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors utilized interviews, competency surveys, and document review to evaluate the effectiveness of a one-year, cohort-based faculty development pilot program, grounded in diffusion of innovations theory, and aimed at increasing competencies in community engagement and community-engaged scholarship. Five innovator participants designed the…

Jordan, Catherine; Doherty, William J.; Jones-Webb, Rhonda; Cook, Nancy; Dubrow, Gail; Mendenhall, Tai J.

2012-01-01

8

Developing criterion-based competencies for tele-intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Over the last 5 years, telemedicine has developed nursing roles that differ from traditional bedside care. In the midst of this transition, current competency development models focused on task completion may not be the most effective form of proficiency validation. The procedure of competency creation for the role of tele-intensive care unit registered nurse requires a thoughtful process using stakeholders from institutional leadership to frontline staff. The process must include stakeholder approval to ensure appropriate buy-in and follow-through on the agreed-upon criteria. This can be achieved using a standardized method of concept stimulation related to the behaviors, not a memorized list of tasks, expected of a telemedicine registered nurse. This process serves as the foundation for the development of criterion-based competency statements that then allows for clearer expectations. Continually reviewing the written competencies, ensuring current applicability, and revising as needed are necessities for maintaining competence and, therefore, patient safety. PMID:24704734

Schleifer, Sarah Joy; Carroll, Karen; Moseley, Marthe J

2014-01-01

9

Developing Research Competence to Support Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes one step in the process that was undertaken to prepare for the introduction of evidence-based practice (EBP) into the curriculum across the Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, and Doctor of Philosophy pro- grams, as well as the programs that were under development, Clinical Nurse Leader and Doctor of Nursing Practice, at the

Lora E. Burke; Elizabeth A. Schlenk; Susan M. Sereika; Susan M. Cohen; Mary Beth Happ; Janice S. Dorman

2005-01-01

10

The Development of Thai Learners' Key Competencies by Project-Based Learning Using ICT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aimed to study the use of Project-based Learning using ICT (PBL using ICT) to develop learners' five key competencies based on Thai Basic Education Curriculum 2008, which consists of 1) communication capability 2) thinking capability 3) problem solving capability 4) capability in applying life skills and 5) capability in…

Soparat, Sasithorn; Arnold, Savitree Rochanasmita; Klaysom, Saowadee

2015-01-01

11

Systematic Approach to Guidance; Planning Paraprofessional Programs. A Competency-Based Staff Development Training Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is part of a competency-based staff development training package which presents a systematic approach to guidance, counseling, and placement. The module acquaints the reader with the history, development, and major issues in the utilization of paraprofessionals. Its main purpose is to help the reader plan, implement, and evaluate a…

McBain, Susan; And Others

12

Developing a Competency-Based Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The CompHP Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion was developed as part of the CompHP Project that aimed to develop competency-based standards and an accreditation system for health promotion practice, education, and training in Europe. Method: A phased, multiple-method approach was employed to facilitate consensus…

Battel-Kirk, Barbara; Van der Zanden, Gerard; Schipperen, Marielle; Contu, Paolo; Gallardo, Carmen; Martinez, Ana; Garcia de Sola, Silvia; Sotgiu, Alessandra; Zaagsma, Miriam; Barry, Margaret M.

2012-01-01

13

The mindfulness-based relapse prevention adherence and competence scale: Development, interrater reliability, and validity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study describes the development of the Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention Adherence and Competence Scale (MBRP-AC), a measure of treatment integrity for mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP). MBRP is a newly developed treatment integrating core aspects of relapse prevention with mindfulness practices. The MBRP-AC was developed in the context of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of MBRP efficacy and consists of

Neharika Chawla; Susan Collins; Sarah Bowen; Sharon Hsu; Joel Grow; Anne Douglass; G. Alan Marlatt

2010-01-01

14

The development and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for training in global health research.  

PubMed

The Fogarty International Center (FIC) Global Health Fellows Program provides trainees with the opportunity to develop research skills through a mentored research experience, increase their content expertise, and better understand trends in global health research, funding organizations, and pathways to generate support. The Northern Pacific Global Health Fellows Research and Training Consortium, which hosts one of the FIC Global Health Programs, sought to enhance research training by developing, implementing, and evaluating a competency-based curriculum that uses a modular, asynchronous, web-based format. The curriculum has 8 core competencies, 36 learning objectives, and 58 assignments. Nineteen trainees completed their 11-month fellowship, engaged in the curriculum, and provided pre- and post-fellowship self-assessments. Self-assessed scores significantly improved for all competencies. Trainees identified the curriculum as one of the strengths of the program. This competency-based curriculum represents a first step toward creating a framework of global health research competencies on which further efforts could be based. PMID:25371189

Ton, Thanh G N; Gladding, Sophia P; Zunt, Joseph R; John, Chandy; Nerurkar, Vivek R; Moyer, Cheryl A; Hobbs, Nicole; McCoy, Molly; Kolars, Joseph C

2015-01-01

15

Competency Based Curriculum Development for Rural Secondary Schools in Alaska: A User's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The result of 18 months' work, this guide to developing and implementing a competency based curriculum for Alaska's North Slope Borough School District is designed to provide personnel in other rural Alaskan districts with information, materials, and planning procedures that can be replicated and/or adapted. Each portion of the North Slope project…

Evenson, Patricia O.

16

How to Develop PACs. Performance and Competency-based Student Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed for developing performance and competency-based student materials (PACs). The PAC, an instructional tool that focuses on helping students master a specific objective, lends itself to vocational instruction. The first nine sections of the guide, consisting of information to assist teachers in gathering background materials…

Rouse, Bill, Comp.

17

A Systematic Approach to the Development of a Competency-Based Doctor of Pharmacy Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process used by the University of the Pacific for developing a competency-based PharmD program in 1976 is described. The same procedures can be applied to similar programs for any professional degree in pharmacy. Course content, behavioral objectives, and charges to workshop groups are included. (Author/LBH)

Knapp, Katherine K.; Supernaw, Robert B.

1977-01-01

18

The Management Development Program: A Competency-Based Model for Preparing Hospitality Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The master of management program at Cornell University focused on competency-based development of skills for the hospitality industry through core courses, minicourses, skill benchmarking, and continuous improvement. Benefits include a shift in the teacher role to advocate/coach, increased information sharing, student satisfaction, and clear…

Brownell, Judi; Chung, Beth G.

2001-01-01

19

Drafting. Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency based drafting curriculum is presented in seven specialization sections with units in each section containing a competency statement, performance objective, learning activities, evaluation, and quiz or problem sheets. Some units also contain answer sheets and/or handout sheets. Sections and number of units presented are (1) basic…

Everly, Al; And Others

20

Challenges in Developing Competency-based Training Curriculum for Food Safety Regulators in India  

PubMed Central

Context: The Food Safety and Standards Act have redefined the roles and responsibilities of food regulatory workforce and calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Aims: 1) Identify the competencies needed among the food regulatory workforce in India. 2) Develop a competency-based training curriculum for food safety regulators in the country. 3) Develop training materials for use to train the food regulatory workforce. Settings and Design: The Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, led the development of training curriculum on food safety with technical assistance from the Royal Society for Public Health, UK and the National Institute of Nutrition, India. The exercise was to facilitate the implementation of new Act by undertaking capacity building through a comprehensive training program. Materials and Methods: A competency-based training needs assessment was conducted before undertaking the development of the training materials. Results: The training program for Food Safety Officers was designed to comprise of five modules to include: Food science and technology, Food safety management systems, Food safety legislation, Enforcement of food safety regulations, and Administrative functions. Each module has a facilitator guide for the tutor and a handbook for the participant. Essentials of Food Hygiene-I (Basic level), II and III (Retail/ Catering/ Manufacturing) were primarily designed for training of food handlers and are part of essential reading for food safety regulators. Conclusion: The Food Safety and Standards Act calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Despite having developed a comprehensive competency-based training curriculum by joint efforts by the local, national, and international agencies, implementation remains a challenge in resource-limited setting. PMID:25136155

Thippaiah, Anitha; Allagh, Komal Preet; Murthy, G. V.

2014-01-01

21

The Development of a Competency Based Train-the-Trainer Course for the Certification of Professional Development Center Instructors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based training course was designed to prepare Professional Development Center (PDC) instructors for the certification process. After an exhaustive review of the literature, it was determined that a relevant training course that would specifically reflect the needs of the PDC was not available. The decision was then made to design a…

Rudasill, Susann E.

22

Developing a competency-based curriculum in HIV for nursing schools in Haiti  

PubMed Central

Background Preparing health workers to confront the HIV/AIDS epidemic is an urgent challenge in Haiti, where the HIV prevalence rate is 2.2% and approximately 10 100 people are taking antiretroviral treatment. There is a critical shortage of doctors in Haiti, leaving nurses as the primary care providers for much of the population. Haiti's approximately 1000 nurses play a leading role in HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment. However, nurses do not receive sufficient training at the pre-service level to carry out this important work. Methods To address this issue, the Ministry of Health and Population collaborated with the International Training and Education Center on HIV over a period of 12 months to create a competency-based HIV/AIDS curriculum to be integrated into the 4-year baccalaureate programme of the four national schools of nursing. Results Using a review of the international health and education literature on HIV/AIDS competencies and various models of curriculum development, a Haiti-based curriculum committee developed expected HIV/AIDS competencies for graduating nurses and then drafted related learning objectives. The committee then mapped these learning objectives to current courses in the nursing curriculum and created an 'HIV/AIDS Teaching Guide' for faculty on how to integrate and achieve these objectives within their current courses. The curriculum committee also created an 'HIV/AIDS Reference Manual' that detailed the relevant HIV/AIDS content that should be taught for each course. Conclusion All nursing students will now need to demonstrate competency in HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, skills and attitudes during periodic assessment with direct observation of the student performing authentic tasks. Faculty will have the responsibility of developing exercises to address the required objectives and creating assessment tools to demonstrate that their graduates have met the objectives. This activity brought different administrators, nurse leaders and faculty from four geographically dispersed nursing schools to collaborate on a shared goal using a process that could be easily replicated to integrate any new topic in a resource-constrained pre-service institution. It is hoped that this experience provided stakeholders with the experience, skills and motivation to strengthen other domains of the pre-service nursing curriculum, improve the synchronization of didactic and practical training and develop standardized, competency-based examinations for nursing licensure in Haiti. PMID:18759986

Knebel, Elisa; Puttkammer, Nancy; Demes, Adrien; Devirois, Ruth; Prismy, Mona

2008-01-01

23

A competency-based approach to recruiting, developing, and giving feedback to department chairs.  

PubMed

Academic health centers (AHCs) are under unprecedented pressure, making strong leadership during these challenging times critical. Department chairs have tremendous influence in their AHCs, yet data indicate that-despite outstanding academic credentials-they are often underprepared to take on these important leadership roles. The authors sought to improve the approach to recruiting, developing, and giving feedback to department chairs at their institution, the Indiana University School of Medicine (IUSM), by reorganizing these processes around six key leadership competencies: leadership and team development, performance and talent management, vision and strategic planning, emotional intelligence, communication skills, and commitment to the tripartite mission. Over a two-year period (2009-2011), IUSM faculty and administrators developed standardized recruitment procedures to assess potential chairs based on the six leadership domains, and searches are now streamlined through centralized staff support in the dean's office. Additionally, IUSM offers a chair development series to support learning around these leadership competencies and to meet the stated professional development needs of the chairs. Finally, chairs receive structured feedback regarding their leadership (among other considerations) through two different assessment instruments, IUSM's Department Chair 360° Leadership Survey and IUSM's Faculty Vitality Survey-both of which the dean reviews annually. Strategically attending to the way that chairs are selected, developed, and given feedback has tremendous potential to increase the success of chairs and, in turn, to constructively shape the culture of AHCs. PMID:25607939

Palmer, Megan; Hoffmann-Longtin, Krista; Walvoord, Emily; Bogdewic, Stephen P; Dankoski, Mary E

2015-04-01

24

History and testimony of competency-based development at Sandia National Laboratories.  

SciTech Connect

More than ten years ago, Sandia managers defined a set of traits and characteristics that were needed for success at Sandia. Today, the Sandia National Laboratories Success Profile Competencies continue to be powerful tools for employee and leadership development. The purpose of this report is to revisit the historical events that led to the creation and adaptation of the competencies and to position them for integration in future employee selection, development, and succession planning processes. This report contains an account of how the competencies were developed, testimonies of how they are used within the organization, and a description of how they will be foundational elements of new processes.

Burt, Rebecca A.; Narahara, Sheryl K.

2004-04-01

25

Competence and Competency-based Training: What the Literature Says  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review, commissioned by the National Quality Council, provides a historical account of the development of competency-based training in Australia and summarises the issues arising from the range of reviews conducted on elements of the national training system. It also explores the variety of ways in which competence is conceived…

Guthrie, Hugh

2009-01-01

26

Using competences and competence tools in workforce development.  

PubMed

The NHS Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) has been a driving force in the move to competence-based workforce development in the NHS. Skills for Health has developed national workforce competences that aim to improve behavioural performance, and in turn increase productivity. This article describes five projects established to test Skills for Health national workforce competences, electronic tools and products in different settings in the NHS. Competences and competence tools were used to redesign services, develop job roles, identify skills gaps and develop learning programmes. Reported benefits of the projects included increased clarity and a structured, consistent and standardized approach to workforce development. Findings from the evaluation of the tools were positive in terms of their overall usefulness and provision of related training/support. Reported constraints of using the competences and tools included issues relating to their availability, content and organization. It is recognized that a highly skilled and flexible workforce is important to the delivery of high-quality health care. These projects suggest that Skills for Health competences can be used as a 'common currency' in workforce development in the UK health sector. This would support the need to adapt rapidly to changing service needs. PMID:21072016

Green, Tess; Dickerson, Claire; Blass, Eddie

27

Competence-Based Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution aims at informing readers about a current education and training design approach which is based on theory building and practical experience. It is about the development of comprehensive competence-based education, which is different from earlier attempts to develop competence-based education. In many education development

Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

28

Competency-Based Horticulture. Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of two competency-based horticulture curriculum guides developed by an Illinois project, this Floriculture guide provides the classroom teacher with specific tasks determined by state industry personnel to be necessary for entry-level job placement. It is intended for horticulture education at the senior high school and two year college level.…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

29

Building Construction. Competency-Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed and field-tested over a 2-year period by vocational teachers in West Virginia, this competency-based building construction curriculum contains five units of study: Safety, form carpentry, carpentry, masonry, and plumbing. Each unit is subdivided into several competencies, and for each competency taught the performance objectives,…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

30

Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

Ross-Harrington, Melinda

31

Development of Competency-Based Web Learning Material and Effect Evaluation of Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes on Learning Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2006-01-01

32

Competency Based Education: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography is a sampling of the types of publications which have appeared recently on the subject of competency based education. Emphasis is given to current (1970-76) materials and to adult career-related competencies. Titles specifically naming some phase of competency-based education are preferred above titles that emphasize performance,…

Cox, Helen, Ed.

33

Continuing Professional Development Needs of Teachers in Schools for Competence-Based Vocational Education: A Case Study from The Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to help schools for vocational education determine teachers' continuing professional development needs associated with implementing competence-based education programs, so that these schools can develop better attuned HR policies. It investigates which elements from the cognitive apprenticeship model and…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.

2010-01-01

34

Competency-Based Accounting Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how the proposed model (an individualized competency based learning system) can be used effectively to produce a course in accounting principles which adapts to different entering competencies and to different rates and styles of learning. (TA)

Graham, John E.

1977-01-01

35

Plan for Your Professional Development. Module LT-E-3 of Category E--Professional and Staff Development. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of professional and staff development. The purpose of the module is to help administrators to analyze their professional needs and to devise and implement…

Puleo, Nancy F.; And Others

36

Development of a nursing practice based competency model for the Flemish master of nursing and obstetrics degree.  

PubMed

The aim was to identify a set of competences for the Flemish academic Master of Nursing and Obstetrics degree that answer perceived needs in health care. The competency model was to demonstrate a degree of consensus among key nurses. The study was conducted in all Flemish hospitals registered to have 400 beds or more. Head nurses of surgery, geriatrics and intensive care units were eligible to participate, as well as one nurse from administration per hospital. A two round Delphi process allowed participants to comment on items identified in an analysis of existing international competency profiles of master level nurses and adapted to the Flemish context. Competences agreed to by 90% of the respondents were considered to have consensus. Fifteen out of 19 eligible hospitals were recruited in the study, 45 nurses participated in the Delphi panel. Consensus was reached on 31 competences that can be assigned to 5 nurse's roles: nursing expert, innovator, researcher, educator and manager. The resulting competency profile is in accordance with published profiles for similar programs. The reported study demonstrates a practical method to develop a consensus competency model for an academic master program based on the input of key individuals in mainstream nursing. PMID:20399547

De Clercq, Gerlinde; Goelen, Guido; Danschutter, Dirk; Vermeulen, Joeri; Huyghens, Luc

2011-01-01

37

Developing gerontological competency: a curriculum approach.  

PubMed

This study describes a competency-based educational approach to course development, implementation, and evaluation. The course model is presented, including its philosophical base. The authors hypothesized that student participation in a competency-based graduate gerontology course would increase their perceived competency level. Results indicate that students (N?=?74 students; 2008-2011) rated their competency skill level as higher at posttest than at the pretest (paired t-tests, p < .01), as measured by the Geriatric Social Work Competency Scale II. In addition, pretest/posttest results on the Myths of Aging checklist and Expectations Regarding Aging survey supported increases of perceived knowledge of older adults at posttest (p < .01). This project illustrates the benefits of organizing and implementing competency-based curriculum so that students are better prepared to work with older adults when they graduate. PMID:23701513

Galambos, Colleen; Curl, Angela

2013-01-01

38

A Comprehensive Competence-Based Approach in Curriculum Development: Experiences from African and European Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the methodological steps of developing an integrated reference guide for competences according to the profile of the healthcare professionals concerned. Design: Human resources in healthcare represent a complex issue, which needs conceptual and methodological frameworks and tools to help one understand reality and the limits…

Parent, F.; Baulana, R.; Kahombo, G.; Coppieters, Y.; Garant, M.; De Ketele, J.-M.

2011-01-01

39

A Competency-Based System for Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet of competency-based instructional materials was developed for use in all sections of North Shore Community College's developmental composition course. Introductory material traces the development of the competency-based system at the college, which stemmed from a need for a more consistent approach in the composition classes. Next, the…

Lewis, Nancy; Sbaratta, Philip

40

Competency-Based Horticulture: Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program in floriculture. It contains a master resource list, a listing of floriculture resources available from various states, and 89 competency task sheets organized into nine competency areas. These…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

41

Development and Field Test of Competency Based Instructional Material for a Career Mobility Program for Licensed Practical Nurses. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Associate Degree Nursing Program at Bergen Community College developed and field tested competency-based instructional modules in a program designed to allow licensed practical nurses to qualify to take the certification examination for registered nurses after a year of study. Thirteen licensed practical nurses were enrolled in the first class…

Bergen Community Coll., Paramus, NJ.

42

Direct Curriculum Development. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to direct the curriculum development process, this competency-based module contains an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience consists of an overview, required and optional learning activities, a self-check…

Harrington, Lois G.; And Others

43

Developing Intercultural Communicative Competence through Online Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Byram's (1997) definition of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) and on specific types of discourse analysis proposed by Kramsch and Thorne (2002) and Ware and Kramsch (2005), this article explores how online exchanges can play a role in second language learners' development of pragmatic competence and ICC. With data obtained…

Chun, Dorothy M.

2011-01-01

44

A Successful Competency-Based Writing Skills Development Programme: Results of an Experiment1  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a successful, semester-length writing skills development programme conducted at the University of Toronto Mississauga (UTM) with intermediate level undergraduate financial accounting students. The programme focused on improving students' writing in five competency areas: organization, grammar, style, professional writing and case writing. Effectiveness was assessed by means of a quasi-experiment involving a pre-test, post-test design with a treatment group

Russell Craig; C. Nicholas McKinney

2010-01-01

45

Competency-Based Teacher Education: A Scenario.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fictitious scenario embodies all the characteristics and dimensions for a fully developed competency-based teacher education program envisioned by the authors. A single program and its implications for students, faculty, and the institution are presented. Specific areas of the program covered 1) a fundamental description of the competency

Weber, Wilford A.; Cooper, James M.

46

Competency-Based Early Childhood Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the competency-based early childhood preservice program at Iowa's Mount Mercy College, which is for people working with children from birth through age 8, including children with special needs. Program content encompasses five competency areas: child growth and development; developmentally appropriate learning; health, safety,…

Rosberg, Merilee

47

Developing medical students as teachers: an anatomy-based student-as-teacher program with emphasis on core teaching competencies.  

PubMed

Teaching is an increasingly recognized responsibility of the resident physician. Residents, however, often assume teaching responsibilities without adequate preparation. Consequently, many medical schools have implemented student-as-teacher (SAT) programs that provide near-peer teaching opportunities to senior medical students. Near-peer teaching is widely regarded as an effective teaching modality; however, whether near-peer teaching experiences in medical school prepare students for the teaching demands of residency is less understood. We explored whether the anatomy-based SAT program through the Human Structure didactic block at Mayo Medical School addressed the core teaching competencies of a medical educator and prepared its participants for further teaching roles in their medical careers. A web-based survey was sent to all teaching assistants in the anatomy-based SAT program over the past five years (2007-2011). Survey questions were constructed based on previously published competencies in seven teaching domains--course development, course organization, teaching execution, student coaching, student assessment, teacher evaluation, and scholarship. Results of the survey indicate that participants in the anatomy-based SAT program achieved core competencies of a medical educator and felt prepared for the teaching demands of residency. PMID:23907836

Andrew Jay, Erie; Starkman, Sidney J; Pawlina, Wojciech; Lachman, Nirusha

2013-01-01

48

Developing a Competency-Based Component for the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competencies are identified for the four primary instructional areas of the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum: plant science, agricultural mechanics, natural resources, and animal science. The competencies for each instructional area are divided into those for exploratory units generally appropriate for instruction at the…

EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

49

Competency Based Educational Administration and Applications to Related Fields.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No group can claim professional standing without explicit statements about what constitutes competence in that field and the means by which competence can be attained and assessed. The definition of competencies is the beginning step in a total competency based program of administrative development. Such definition includes (1) specification of…

McCleary, Lloyd E.

50

Development of a Moodle Course for Schoolchildren's Table Tennis Learning Based on Competence Motivation Theory: Its Effectiveness in Comparison to Traditional Training Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Competence Motivation Theory (CMT), a Moodle course for schoolchildren's table tennis learning was developed (The URL is http://www.bssepp.com, and this course allows guest access). The effects of the course on students' knowledge, perceived competence and interest were evaluated through quantitative methods. The sample of the study…

Zou, Junhua; Liu, Qingtang; Yang, Zongkai

2012-01-01

51

Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module. Appraise the Personnel Development Needs of Vocational Teachers. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module on appraising the personnel development needs of vocational teachers is one of six competency based modules designed for both preservice and inservice education of vocational education administrators. It reviews the type of observable classroom and laboratory competencies a teacher should possess, the concepts and principles…

Hobart, Barry; And Others

52

Developing Intercultural Competencies in a PBL Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the influences of international programs in a problem based, project and group work organized learning (PBL) environment on the development of intercultural competencies. Based on the discussion of the positive effects as well as the observed barriers in the educational practice of international programs, this paper suggests that PBL can be a good example of a supportive

Xiangyun Du; Carsten Jahn Hansen

53

Bases of Competence: An Instrument for Self and Institutional Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Bases of Competence" model provides a general framework for learner-centred skill development and programme-focused outcomes assessment. Based on previous research, the "Bases of Competence" model describes 17 skills and four base competencies important to graduates to achieve high performance in the workplace. Taking this work from research…

Berdrow, Iris; Evers, Frederick T.

2010-01-01

54

Competence-based curriculum development for general practice in Germany: a stepwise peer-based approach instead of reinventing the wheel  

PubMed Central

Background Improving postgraduate medical training is one important step to attract more medical students into general practice. Keeping pace with international developments moving to competence-based curricula for general practice training, the aim of this project was to develop and implement such a curriculum in Germany. Methods A five-step, peer-based method was used for the curriculum development process including panel testing and a “test version” of the curriculum for the pilot implementation phase. The CanMEDS framework served as a basis for a new German competence-based curriculum in general practice training. Four curricula from European countries and Canada were reviewed and, following required cultural adaptions, key strengths from these were integrated. For the CanMEDS “medical expertise” element of the curriculum, the WONCA ICPC-2 classification of patient’s “reason for encounters” was also integrated. Results Altogether, 37 participants were involved in the development process representing 12 different federal states in Germany, and including an expert advisor from Denmark. An official “test version” of the curriculum consisting of three parts: medical expertise, additional competencies and medical procedures was established. A system of self-assessment for trainees was integrated into the curriculum using a traffic light scale. Since March 2012, the curriculum has been made freely available online as a “test version”. In 2014, an evaluation is planned using feedback from users of the test model as a further stage of the implementation process. Conclusions The first German competence-based curriculum for general practice training has been developed using a pragmatic peer controlled approach and implementation is being trialed with a “test version” of the curriculum. This model project and its peer-based methodology may support competence-based curriculum development for other medical specialties both inside and outside Germany. PMID:23937795

2013-01-01

55

Workplace-Based Competence Measurement: Developing Innovative Assessment Systems for Tomorrow's VET Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a consequence of the large-scale assessment studies (TIMMS; PISA) in compulsory schooling, attention is now being given to the modelling and measurement of competencies in initial vocational education and training. This new output-led perspective of teaching/training and learning/working processes demands new approaches to research. Using the…

Achtenhagen, Frank; Winther, Esther

2014-01-01

56

L2C: Designing Simulation-based Learning Experiences for Collaboration Competencies Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective collaboration dynamics are at the core of learning, knowledge exchange and innovation processes. Nevertheless, in today's global environment, a large number of collaboration initiatives fail to deliver the value expected, as complexity is increased by the diversity and the distributed nature of the people, groups, and knowledge sources and by the knowledge integration processes involved. Effective collaboration competencies are

Albert A. Angehrn

57

Group Communication and Critical Thinking Competence Development Using a Reality-Based Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presented merger and acquisition classroom exercise is based on a real yet incomplete transaction transpiring during the period of the class. The approach enables adult students to apply their previously acquired business experience to a strategic analysis project facilitating the development of group communication, critical thinking, and…

Paulson, Edward

2011-01-01

58

Competency Based Refresher Nurse Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based course is designed to update the skills and knowledge of inactive nurses desiring to return to active practice. Focus of the course is on organizing and managing patient care using the nursing process; performing nursing procedures, including medication administration; and reintegrating oneself into the professional…

Lombardo, Mary C.

59

Competency Based Assessment: An Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review outlines the assessment activities for competency based education (CBE) in five different disciplines in higher education, and discusses two approaches to assessment in programs leading to degrees in library science and media. Assessment efforts in CBE programs relating to library science and media are emphasized in order to…

McNamara, James E.

60

Competency-Based Behavioral Interviewing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Directors too often rely primarily on their hunches to guide them in employee selection. But what if their hunches are only 30 percent correct? Potentially, one bad hire could be responsible for a noticeable decrease in enrollment and, as a result, the school's net revenue. In this article, the author discusses the Competency-Based Behavioral…

Garrigues, Sarah M.

2012-01-01

61

Origins of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the theories and social factors that contributed to the development of competency-based training (CBT). These include behaviorism (Edward L. Thorndike), scientific management (Frederick Taylor), progressive education (John Dewey), and derivative theories including operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner), objectives-based

McCowan, Richard J.

1998-01-01

62

Developing intercultural competence through videogames  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective intercultural collaboration requires intercultural competence. Intercultural competence involves awareness of the differences between cultures, knowledge about the beliefs, values, and practices of other cultures, and the skill to apply that knowledge effortlessly and effectively in interpersonal interactions. Acquiring intercultural competence can involve intensive study of the target culture, as well as immersion in social milieu of the target culture.

W. Lewis Johnson

2009-01-01

63

Tractor Mechanic--Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to assist vocational agricultural mechanics students in learning to be tractor mechanics, this curriculum guide contains all the student competency sheets which comprise this competency-based curriculum. These competency sheets are categorized under sixteen instructional units. The first two units cover employment opportunities and…

McCann, Edward W.

64

Special Study Institute Report: Competency Based Training Criteria for Special Class Teachers. An Alternative Approach to Manpower Development; Guidelines for Special Education and Teacher Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The special study institute report proposed an alternative approach to manpower development guidelines for special education and teacher training programs which centered on the development of measurable competency based training criteria for special class teachers. Briefly reviewed are the background, planning, and design of the institute.…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Div. of Special Education.

65

Developing Clinical Competency in Crisis Event Management: An Integrated Simulation Problem-Based Learning Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to evaluate the integration of a simulation based learning activity on nursing students' clinical crisis management performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. It was hypothesized that the clinical performance of first year nursing students who participated in a simulated learning activity during the PBL session…

Liaw, S. Y.; Chen, F. G.; Klainin, P.; Brammer, J.; O'Brien, A.; Samarasekera, D. D.

2010-01-01

66

Using a Knowledge-Based Approach To Develop Student Intercultural Competence in Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a three-stage process by which students develop applicable knowledge through research in industry, connecting theory and practice while developing theoretical schemata. Illustrates this with the author's experience teaching intercultural business communication at the post-graduate level. (SR)

Yunxia, Zhu

2001-01-01

67

The Development and Implementation of an Open-Entry/Open-Exit Competency-Based Individualized Nursing Assistant Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to increase retention rates among nursing assistant program students, an open-entry/open-exit competency-based individualized program was implemented in 1990 at a small vocational skills center serving low-socioeconomic adult students. This change was instituted in response to a growing drop-out rate and to difficulties expressed by…

Jones, Sylvester L.

68

Application of Competency-Based Education in Laparoscopic Training  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives: To induce competency-based education/developing a curriculum in the training of postgraduate students in laparoscopic surgery. Methods: This study selected postgraduate students before the implementation of competency-based education (n = 16) or after the implementation of competency-based education (n = 17). On the basis of the 5 competencies of patient care, medical knowledge, practice-based learning and improvement, interpersonal and communication skills, and professionalism, the research team created a developing a curriculum chart and specific improvement measures that were implemented in the competency-based education group. Results: On the basis of the developing a curriculum chart, the assessment of the 5 comprehensive competencies using the 360° assessment method indicated that the competency-based education group's competencies were significantly improved compared with those of the traditional group (P < .05). The improvement in the comprehensive assessment was also significant compared with the traditional group (P < .05). Conclusion: The implementation of competency-based education/developing a curriculum teaching helps to improve the comprehensive competencies of postgraduate students and enables them to become qualified clinicians equipped to meet society's needs.

Xue, Dongbo; Bo, Hong; Zhao, Song; Meng, Xianzhi

2015-01-01

69

The Development Model of Knowledge Management via Web-Based Learning to Enhance Pre-Service Teacher's Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores that the model of knowledge management and web technology for teachers' professional development as well as its impact in the classroom on learning and teaching, especially in pre-service teacher's competency and practices that refer to knowledge creating, analyzing, nurturing, disseminating, and optimizing process as part…

Rampai, Nattaphon; Sopeerak, Saroch

2011-01-01

70

A Competency-Based Approach to Preparing Staff as Recreation and Youth Development Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth are often the primary group for parks and recreation organizations, yet recreation professionals are often not adequately prepared in the principles and practices of youth development. Similarly, youth workers outside the recreation field often lack information on basic recreation program design and activity leadership. Improving access to…

Barcelona, Robert J.; Hurd, Amy R.; Bruggeman, Jennifer A.

2011-01-01

71

Competency-Based Major for Nurse's Expanding Role.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-year project was conducted to develop a competency-based college major aimed at preparing contemporary nurses, both basic preservice and degree completion R.N.'s to deliver family-centered care in acute settings or community health settings. The competency-based major was developed using a conceptual framework that introduces…

O'Neill, Noreen C.

72

Effects of a competency-based professional development training on children's physical activity and staff physical activity promotion in summer day camps.  

PubMed

The YMCA of the USA serves more than nine million youth in its summer day camping programs nationwide. In spring 2011, the YMCA of Columbia, SC, with support from the University of South Carolina, adopted a competency-based staff-level training approach in an attempt to align staff behaviors with the YMCA of the USA new physical activity standards for summer camp programs. This chapter presents findings from a multiyear evaluation of a competency-based training approach using a single group design with preassessments and multiple postassessments. Training consisted of participatory exercises and video demonstrations. Data on staff physical activity promotion behaviors were collected using SOSPAN, an instrument that utilizes momentary time sampling to record instances of staff physical activity promotion behaviors consistent with physical activity standards. This chapter describes how a competency-based professional development training may be effective at increasing physical activity promoting and decreasing physical activity discouraging staff behaviors and related child activity levels. PMID:25530241

Weaver, R Glenn; Beets, Michael W; Turner-McGrievy, Gabrielle; Webster, Collin A; Moore, Justin

2014-01-01

73

Development of Competency-Based Vocational Agricultural Instructional Materials for Handicapped Students Enrolled in Regular Agriculture Programs Other Than Horticulture. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report includes a description of a project to develop and field-test competency-based instructional materials for handicapped students enrolled in regular vocational agriculture programs; a list of project advisory personnel; the clusters of skills identified as appropriate for handicapped students enrolled in courses in dairy production,…

Baggett, Connie D.; And Others

74

Provide a Staff Development Program. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to establish and/or facilitate implementation of a staff development program, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview, required and…

Miller-Beach, Audni; And Others

75

Guide the Development and Improvement of Instruction. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide pre- and inservice vocational education administrators with the skills necessary to guide the development and improvement of instruction, this competency-based learning module consists of an introduction and three sequential learning experiences. Each learning experience contains an overview, required and optional learning…

Quinn, Karen M.; And Others

76

Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module. Develop Local Plans for Vocational Education: Part I. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module on developing local plans for vocational education (Part I) is one of six competency-based modules designed for both preservice and inservice education of vocational education administrators. It reviews legislative requirements for planning and discusses the role of the vocational administrator and other key personnel in the…

Norton, Robert E.; And Others

77

Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module. Develop Local Plans for Vocational Education: Part II. Leadership and Training Series No. 58B-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module on developing local plans for vocational education (Part II) is one of six competency-based modules designed for both preservice and inservice education of vocational education administrators. It focuses on the last five steps of the comprehensive "Vocational Education Program Planning Model" presented in Part I (CE 016 511).…

Norton, Robert E.; And Others

78

The Role of Schools' Perceived Human Resource Policies in Teachers' Professional Development Activities: A Comparative Study of Innovations toward Competence-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The change toward competence-based education has implications for teachers as well as school management. This study investigates which professional development activities teachers undertake related to this change and how these activities differ among schools with various human resource (HR) policies. Two types of HR policy were involved: (1) a…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob

2011-01-01

79

Developing a Framework for Communication Management Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a hierarchical needs assessment model developed by Hunt we identified the essential competencies of communication management practitioners for the purpose of curriculum development and selection. We found that the underlying values of the profession were embodied in two superordinate goals. Six major competencies were identified, which were…

Jeffrey, Lynn Maud; Brunton, Margaret Ann

2011-01-01

80

Developing the Intercultural Competence of Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores how teaching development programs may facilitate the development of intercultural competence in graduate students and prepare them for communicating effectively in the global workplace after graduation. First, we describe the concept of intercultural teaching competence and examine the skills that graduate students may need to…

Dimitrov, Nanda; Dawson, Debra L.; Olsen, Karyn C.; Meadows, Ken N.

2014-01-01

81

Development and Validation of the Educational Technologist Multimedia Competency Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research study was to identify the multimedia competencies of an educational technologist by creating a valid and reliable survey instrument to administer to educational technology professionals. The educational technology multimedia competency survey developed through this research is based on a conceptual framework that…

Ritzhaupt, Albert D.; Martin, Florence

2014-01-01

82

Handwriting Development, Competency, and Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Failure to attain handwriting competency during the school-age years often has far-reaching negative effects on both academic success and self-esteem. This complex occupational task has many underlying component skills that may interfere with handwriting performance. Fine motor control, bilateral and visual-motor integration, motor planning,…

Feder, Katya P.; Majnemer, Annette

2007-01-01

83

Developing Culturally Competent Family Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates several key cultural perspectives that must be considered in order to overcome communication barriers when providing culturally competent family services. Describes the challenges encountered by Hmong and other Southeast Asian families at a parent center. Presents an account of a Hmong father's experiences seeking care for his child…

Farrar, Amy; Xiong, Dao

1999-01-01

84

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Firefighter Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based education curriculum, developed by firefighters and educators in West Virginia, is designed for use as a resource for the development of improved firefighter training programs. It consists of an introductory note to the instructor and 140 competency sheets. These sheets deal with tasks in the following areas: general…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

85

Designing and Evaluating an Interactive Multimedia Web-Based Simulation for Developing Nurses’ Competencies in Acute Nursing Care: Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Web-based learning is becoming an increasingly important instructional tool in nursing education. Multimedia advancements offer the potential for creating authentic nursing activities for developing nursing competency in clinical practice. Objective This study aims to describe the design, development, and evaluation of an interactive multimedia Web-based simulation for developing nurses’ competencies in acute nursing care. Methods Authentic nursing activities were developed in a Web-based simulation using a variety of instructional strategies including animation video, multimedia instructional material, virtual patients, and online quizzes. A randomized controlled study was conducted on 67 registered nurses who were recruited from the general ward units of an acute care tertiary hospital. Following a baseline evaluation of all participants’ clinical performance in a simulated clinical setting, the experimental group received 3 hours of Web-based simulation and completed a survey to evaluate their perceptions of the program. All participants were re-tested for their clinical performances using a validated tool. Results The clinical performance posttest scores of the experimental group improved significantly (P<.001) from the pretest scores after the Web-based simulation. In addition, compared to the control group, the experimental group had significantly higher clinical performance posttest scores (P<.001) after controlling the pretest scores. The participants from the experimental group were satisfied with their learning experience and gave positive ratings for the quality of the Web-based simulation. Themes emerging from the comments about the most valuable aspects of the Web-based simulation include relevance to practice, instructional strategies, and fostering problem solving. Conclusions Engaging in authentic nursing activities using interactive multimedia Web-based simulation can enhance nurses’ competencies in acute care. Web-based simulations provide a promising educational tool in institutions where large groups of nurses need to be trained in acute nursing care and accessibility to repetitive training is essential for achieving long-term retention of clinical competency. PMID:25583029

Wong, Lai Fun; Chan, Sally Wai-Chi; Ho, Jasmine Tze Yin; Mordiffi, Siti Zubaidah; Ang, Sophia Bee Leng; Goh, Poh Sun; Ang, Emily Neo Kim

2015-01-01

86

Core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists  

PubMed Central

Professional groups, such as IFAPP (International Federation of Pharmaceutical Physicians and Pharmaceutical Medicine), are expected to produce the defined core competencies to orient the discipline and the academic programs for the development of future competent professionals and to advance the profession. On the other hand, PharmaTrain, an Innovative Medicines Initiative project, has become the largest public-private partnership in biomedicine in the European Continent and aims to provide postgraduate courses that are designed to meet the needs of professionals working in medicines development. A working group was formed within IFAPP including representatives from PharmaTrain, academic institutions and national member associations, with special interest and experience on Quality Improvement through education. The objectives were: to define a set of core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists, to be summarized in a Statement of Competence and to benchmark and align these identified core competencies with the Learning Outcomes (LO) of the PharmaTrain Base Course. The objectives were successfully achieved. Seven domains and 60 core competencies were identified and aligned accordingly. The effective implementation of training programs using the competencies or the PharmaTrain LO anywhere in the world may transform the drug development process to an efficient and integrated process for better and safer medicines. The PharmaTrain Base Course might provide the cognitive framework to achieve the desired Statement of Competence for Pharmaceutical Physicians and Drug Development Scientists worldwide. PMID:23986704

Silva, Honorio; Stonier, Peter; Buhler, Fritz; Deslypere, Jean-Paul; Criscuolo, Domenico; Nell, Gerfried; Massud, Joao; Geary, Stewart; Schenk, Johanna; Kerpel-Fronius, Sandor; Koski, Greg; Clemens, Norbert; Klingmann, Ingrid; Kesselring, Gustavo; van Olden, Rudolf; Dubois, Dominique

2013-01-01

87

Core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists.  

PubMed

Professional groups, such as IFAPP (International Federation of Pharmaceutical Physicians and Pharmaceutical Medicine), are expected to produce the defined core competencies to orient the discipline and the academic programs for the development of future competent professionals and to advance the profession. On the other hand, PharmaTrain, an Innovative Medicines Initiative project, has become the largest public-private partnership in biomedicine in the European Continent and aims to provide postgraduate courses that are designed to meet the needs of professionals working in medicines development. A working group was formed within IFAPP including representatives from PharmaTrain, academic institutions and national member associations, with special interest and experience on Quality Improvement through education. The objectives were: to define a set of core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists, to be summarized in a Statement of Competence and to benchmark and align these identified core competencies with the Learning Outcomes (LO) of the PharmaTrain Base Course. The objectives were successfully achieved. Seven domains and 60 core competencies were identified and aligned accordingly. The effective implementation of training programs using the competencies or the PharmaTrain LO anywhere in the world may transform the drug development process to an efficient and integrated process for better and safer medicines. The PharmaTrain Base Course might provide the cognitive framework to achieve the desired Statement of Competence for Pharmaceutical Physicians and Drug Development Scientists worldwide. PMID:23986704

Silva, Honorio; Stonier, Peter; Buhler, Fritz; Deslypere, Jean-Paul; Criscuolo, Domenico; Nell, Gerfried; Massud, Joao; Geary, Stewart; Schenk, Johanna; Kerpel-Fronius, Sandor; Koski, Greg; Clemens, Norbert; Klingmann, Ingrid; Kesselring, Gustavo; van Olden, Rudolf; Dubois, Dominique

2013-01-01

88

Competency-Based Adult Education: Florida Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of program materials serves as an introduction to Florida's Brevard Community College's (BCC's) Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Project, a multi-year project designed to teach adult administrators, counselors, and teachers how to organize and implement a competency-based adult education (CBAE) program; to critique…

Singer, Elizabeth

89

Transmigrant families: intercultural and bilingual competences development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the results of a research project concerned with analysing and identifying the discourses and related strategies used by Spanish–German trans?migrant families to support and develop bilingual and intercultural competences stemming from their transmigratory experiences. Using the biographical?narrative approach, we reconstruct the families’ migratory phases, emphasising shifting parental discourses on bilingual practices and intercultural competences in the home.

Eva M González Barea; Esther Marquez Lepe; Francisca Ruiz Garzón; M Teresa Pozo Llorente; Gunther Dietz

2010-01-01

90

Masonry. Teacher's Guide. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the competency based masonry student materials (see note). It is intended for use as a reference and aid in implementing the curriculum. The guide includes these sections: Identification and Validation of Job Titles and Competencies, Functions of the Developmental Committee, Program Organization…

Long, Diana

91

Some Issues Concerning Competency Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The discussion in this paper resulted from a questionnaire administered to students at a graduate seminar on Competency Based Teacher Education held at the University of Houston in 1973. The following topics are discussed: (a) the role of CBTE in society; (b) the nature of competencies; (c) individualizing and personalizing to meet student needs;…

Daigle, Mary; Molina, Norma

92

Competency Based Vocational Education Workshop Facilitators Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workshop facilitator's guide is designed to inform professional staff about competency-based vocational education (CBVE) to help eligible persons on public assistance acquire competencies necessary for gainful employment in the following occupational areas: airline reservations and travel services; computer applications; dental care;…

Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Michigan Center for Career and Technical Education.

93

Identification of Critical Behaviors for the Child Development Associate, Competency Areas II, IV and VI, Based on a Comprehensive Model of Competence for the Brevard Community College Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavioral criteria for (1) determining child development associate (CDA) trainee competency, (2) awarding college credit, and (3) designing individualized learning programs in CDA competency areas 2, 4, and 6 are provided in this report of an applied research project. Designed to interrelate CDA and Cooperative Assessment of Experiential Learning…

Geier, Suzanne S.

94

Identification of the Critical Behaviors for the Child Development Associate, Competency Areas I, III and V, Based on a Comprehensive Model of Competence for the Brevard Community College Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavioral criteria for (1) determining child development associate (CDA) trainee competency, (2) awarding college credit, and (3) designing individualized learning programs in CDA competency areas 1, 3, and 5 are provided in this report of an applied research project. Designed to interrelate CDA and Cooperative Assessment of Experiential Learning…

Young, Barbara W.

95

Experiences with a Competency-Based Educational Approach to Reproductive Biology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based educational program for future physicians studying reproductive biology was developed at the University of Utah College of Medicine. The development took the form of a generic model specifying a linear sequence of steps, namely: assess competency needs, specify competencies, determine competency components and performance…

Brown, Thomas C.; And Others

96

Social Justice Competencies and Career Development Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent focus on social justice issues in career development is primarily conceptual in nature and few resources account for the challenges or successes experienced by career development practitioners. The purpose of this article is to report the results of a research study of career practitioners in Canada regarding the competencies they use…

Arthur, Nancy; Collins, Sandra; Marshall, Catherine; McMahon, Mary

2013-01-01

97

Competency Analysis for Human Resource Developers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Associate Diploma in Training and Development program at the South Australian College of Advanced Education, all students undertake an initial unit of study entitled "Competency Analysis for Human Resource Developers." The unit is structured into sections dealing with study hints and essay writing, characteristics of human resource…

Geering, Adrian D.

98

Constructive Development and Counselor Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmental predictors of students' ability to learn counseling skills would help counselor educators select candidates and assist admitted students in their learning. The present research examined the relationship between adult development, as measured by the Learning Environment Preferences test (W. S. Moore, 1989) and the Defining Issues…

Eriksen, Karen P.; McAuliffe, Garrett J.

2006-01-01

99

Web-Based Support for Constructing Competence Maps: Design and Formative Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the design and formative evaluation of a Web-based tool that supports curriculum developers in constructing competence maps. Competence maps describe final attainment levels of educational programs in terms of--interrelated--competencies. Key requirements for the competence-mapping tool were validity and practicality.…

Stoof, Angela; Martens, Rob L.; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2007-01-01

100

Transmigrant Families: Intercultural and Bilingual Competences Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of a research project concerned with analysing and identifying the discourses and related strategies used by Spanish-German trans-migrant families to support and develop bilingual and intercultural competences stemming from their transmigratory experiences. Using the biographical-narrative approach, we reconstruct…

Gonzalez Barea, Eva Ma.; Garcia-Cano Torrico, Maria; Marquez Lepe, Esther; Ruiz Garzon, Francisca; Pozo Llorente, Ma. Teresa; Dietz, Gunther

2010-01-01

101

Metacognition and the Development of Intercultural Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

We argue that metacognition is a critical component in the development of intercultural competence by highlighting the importance of supporting a learner's self- assessment, self-monitoring, predictive, planning, and reflection skills. We also survey several modern immersive cultural learning environments and discuss the role intelligent tutoring and experience management techniques can play to support these metacognitive demands. Techniques for adapting the

2007-01-01

102

Lifelong Competence Development: Towards a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description - The Case Study of Europass Language Passport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches in the field of formal or non-formal education and training are becoming more common and appear to offer the opportunity to develop programmes that meet needs of learners, trainers and potential employers. To support the provision of competence-ba sed learning services, it is necessary to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way.

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2006-01-01

103

Developing competencies for pediatric hospice and palliative medicine.  

PubMed

In 2006, hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) became an officially recognized subspecialty. This designation helped initiate the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education Outcomes Project in HPM. As part of this process, a group of expert clinician-educators in HPM defined the initial competency-based outcomes for HPM fellows (General HPM Competencies). Concurrently, these experts recognized and acknowledged that additional expertise in pediatric HPM would ensure that the competencies for pediatric HPM were optimally represented. To fill this gap, a group of pediatric HPM experts used a product development method to define specific Pediatric HPM Competencies. This article describes the development process. With the ongoing evolution of HPM, these competencies will evolve. As part of the Next Accreditation System, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education uses milestones as a framework to better define competency-based, measurable outcomes for trainees. Currently, there are no milestones specific to HPM, although the field is designing curricular milestones with multispecialty involvement, including pediatrics. These competencies are the conceptual framework for the pediatric content in the HPM milestones. They are specific to the pediatric HPM subspecialist and should be integrated into the training of pediatric HPM subspecialists. They will serve a foundational role in HPM and should inform a wide range of emerging innovations, including the next evolution of HPM Competencies, development of HPM curricular milestones, and training of adult HPM and other pediatric subspecialists. They may also inform pediatric HPM outcome measures, as well as standards of practice and performance for pediatric HPM interdisciplinary teams. PMID:25404726

Klick, Jeffrey C; Friebert, Sarah; Hutton, Nancy; Osenga, Kaci; Pituch, Kenneth J; Vesel, Tamara; Weidner, Norbert; Block, Susan D; Morrison, Laura J

2014-12-01

104

Resource Guide to Competency-Based Vocational Education: Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide for classroom teachers contains annotations of resources representing recent instructional development in competency-based education for health occupations. It is also intended to assist curriculum specialists, administrators, and supervisors in development of performance-based instructional programs. The guide is divided into…

Foster, Phillip R., Comp.

105

Development of an interprofessional competency model for healthcare leadership.  

PubMed

During the past decade, there has been a growing interest in competency-based performance systems for enhancing both individual and organizational performance in health professions education and the varied healthcare industry sectors. In 2003, the Institute of Medicine's report Health Professions Education: A Bridge to Quality called for a core set of competencies across the professions to ultimately improve the quality of healthcare in the United States. This article reviews the processes and outcomes associated with the development of the Health Leadership Competency Model (HLCM), an evidence-based and behaviorally focused approach for evaluating leadership skills across the professions, including health management, medicine, and nursing, and across career stages. The HLCM was developed from extensive academic research and widespread application outside healthcare. Early development included behavioral event interviewing, psychometric analysis, and cross-industry sector benchmarking. Application to healthcare was supported by additional literature review, practice analysis, expert panel inputs, and pilot-testing surveys. The model addresses three overarching domains subsuming 26 behavioral and technical competencies. Each competency is composed of prescriptive behavioral indicators, or levels, for development and assessment as individuals progress through their careers from entry-level to mid-level and advanced stages of lifelong development. The model supports identification of opportunities for leadership improvement in both academic and practice settings. PMID:19070333

Calhoun, Judith G; Dollett, Lorayne; Sinioris, Marie E; Wainio, Joyce Anne; Butler, Peter W; Griffith, John R; Warden, Gail L

2008-01-01

106

Core Competencies: A Systems Approach for Training and Organizational Development in Extension  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a rationale for developing core competencies for training and organizational development in extension. Core competencies are defined as "the basic knowledge, attitudes, skills, and observable behaviors that lead to excellence in the workplace." Competency-based models can be used to create an infrastructure that promotes…

Liles, Richard T.; Mustian, R. David

2004-01-01

107

Impact of Placement Type on the Development of Clinical Competency in Speech-Language Pathology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Speech-language pathology students gain experience and clinical competency through clinical education placements. However, currently little empirical information exists regarding how competency develops. Existing research about the effectiveness of placement types and models in developing competency is generally descriptive and based

Sheepway, Lyndal; Lincoln, Michelle; McAllister, Sue

2014-01-01

108

The Power of Competency-Based Teacher Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on National Program Priorities in Teacher Education (CNPPTE) was established to make recommendations for program development to the U.S. Office of Education Personnel Development and Task Force '72. The recommendations focus on developing the necessary conditions for competency-based teacher education and certification, as well as…

Rosner, Benjamin; And Others

109

Development and Evaluation of the Teamwork Competencies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the subject that aims to develop the student's teamwork competencies which is one of the most important ability as an engineer, the appraisal method was investigated. Almost all the team activities were evaluated, and correlations with that result and the peer evaluation, the self-evaluation and the team peer evaluation were examined. It was found that the correlation between the quality of the team activities and the team peer evaluation which is evaluated by other team members is highest.

Furukawa, Tetsuro; Matsuishi, Masakatu; Matsumoto, Shigeo; Takemata, Kazuya; Yamakawa, Taketo

110

Cultural competence in the era of evidence-based practice.  

PubMed

Cultural competence has become an important concern for contemporary health care delivery, with ethical and legal implications. Numerous educational approaches have been developed to orient clinicians, and standards and position statements promoting cultural competence have been published by both the American Medical Association and the American Nurses Association. Although a number of health care regulatory agencies have developed standards or recommendations, clinical application to patient care has been challenging. These challenges include the abstract nature of the concept, essentializing culture to race or ethnicity, and the attempts to associate culture with health disparities. To make cultural competence relevant to clinical practice, we linked a cultural competency continuum that identifies the levels of cultural competency (cultural destructiveness, cultural incapacity, cultural blindness, cultural precompetence, and cultural proficiency) to well-established values in health care. This situates cultural competence and proficiency in alignment with patient-centered care. A model integrating the cultural competency continuum with the components of evidence-based care (i.e., best research practice, clinical expertise, and patient's values and circumstances) is presented. PMID:18504032

Engebretson, Joan; Mahoney, Jane; Carlson, Elizabeth D

2008-01-01

111

Collaborative Learning and Competence Development in School Health Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses' collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based

Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen

2012-01-01

112

Competencies for the Contemporary Career: Development and Preliminary Validation of the Career Competencies Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new and promising area of research has recently emerged in the field of career development: career competencies. The present article provides a framework of career competencies that integrates several perspectives from the literature. The framework distinguishes between reflective, communicative, and behavioral career competencies. Six career…

Akkermans, Jos; Brenninkmeijer, Veerle; Huibers, Marthe; Blonk, Roland W. B.

2013-01-01

113

Machine Trades. A Competency Based Articulated Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a competency-based curriculum guide designed to promote articulation in machine trades vocational education programs between and among secondary and postsecondary institutions in the Indian Hills Community College and Merged Area XV high schools in Iowa. The guide is organized in 11 sections. The first six sections provide…

Mein, Jake; And Others

114

Masonry: Task Analyses. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These task analyses are designed to be used in combination with the "Trade and Industrial Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in the masonry program in Virginia. The task analysis document contains the task inventory, suggested task sequence lists, and content outlines for the secondary courses Masonry…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

115

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use at Eastern Illinois University in a model curriculum designed to prepare secondary school teachers in the field of residential building, this curriculum guide provides a competency-based preservice construction trades program. The guide is divided into thirteen units as follows: (1) pre-construction planning; (2) structural…

Nelms, Howard F.

116

Prevocational Exploration Guidance. Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum for prevocational exploration in West Virginia provides experiences at grades 9 and 10 related to exploring careers and educational programs for those careers. The guidance units are designed to assist the counselor in providing activities that relate to ongoing hands-on activities in prevocational business,…

Harrington, Fred; And Others

117

Competence-Based Education for Adult Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses competency-based education and its implications for lifelong learners. Describes the program at Alverno College, the Metropolitan Area Nursing Education Consortium, and the Personalized Learning and Teaching Opportunity (PLATO) program, focusing on the favorable response of adults to the self-discipline required and evidence of an…

Hayenga, E. Sharon; Isaacson, Hope B.

1980-01-01

118

The Origins of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article attempts to trace the origins of competency-based training (CBT), the theory of vocational education that underpins the National Training Framework in Australia. A distinction is made between societal and theoretical origins. This paper argues that CBT has its societal origins in the United States of America during the 1950s, 60s and…

Hodge, Steven

2007-01-01

119

Competency-Based Nursing Career Ladder Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An open-entry/open-exit competency-based nursing career ladder model was developed to demonstrate the articulation process from high school through licensed vocational nursing (LVN), associate degree nursing (ADN), and baccalaureate degree-level nursing (BSN) programs. The model was based on data obtained from a review of the literature on (1)…

Wilson, Janie Menchaca; And Others

120

CNC Turning Technician. A Competency-Based Instructional System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum guide for instructing students in using computer numerically controlled (CNC) turning machines is one of a series of instructional guides for the machinist field developed in Oklahoma. Although developed jointly with Baxter Technologies Corporation and oriented toward the Baxter Vo-Tec 2000 Future Builder CNC…

Sloan, Kelly; Hilley, Robert

121

Development of intercultural competence among US American teachers: professional development factors that enhance competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing diversity of the student age population in the USA calls for increased cultural competence on behalf of educators to effectively teach students. This article reports on a study of a suburban school district’s initiatives that utilized the Development Model of Intercultural Sensitivity, the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI) as a baseline measurement tool, and subsequent professional development for teachers,

Joan G. DeJaeghere; Yongling Zhang

2008-01-01

122

Initial Development and Validation of the Mexican Intercultural Competence Scale  

PubMed Central

The current project sought to develop the Mexican Intercultural Competence Scale (MICS), which assesses group-specific skills and attributes that facilitate effective cultural interactions, among adults of Mexican descent. Study 1 involved an Exploratory Factor Analysis (N = 184) that identified five factors including Ambition/Perseverance, Networking, the Traditional Latino Culture, Family Relationships, and Communication. In Study 2, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis provided evidence for the 5-factor model for adults of Mexican origin living in the Midwest (N = 341) region of the U.S. The general findings are discussed in terms of a competence-based formulation of cultural adaptation and include theoretical and clinical implications. PMID:24058890

Torres, Lucas

2013-01-01

123

Initial Development and Validation of the Mexican Intercultural Competence Scale.  

PubMed

The current project sought to develop the Mexican Intercultural Competence Scale (MICS), which assesses group-specific skills and attributes that facilitate effective cultural interactions, among adults of Mexican descent. Study 1 involved an Exploratory Factor Analysis (N = 184) that identified five factors including Ambition/Perseverance, Networking, the Traditional Latino Culture, Family Relationships, and Communication. In Study 2, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis provided evidence for the 5-factor model for adults of Mexican origin living in the Midwest (N = 341) region of the U.S. The general findings are discussed in terms of a competence-based formulation of cultural adaptation and include theoretical and clinical implications. PMID:24058890

Torres, Lucas

2013-01-01

124

Development of Intercultural Competence among US American Teachers: Professional Development Factors that Enhance Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing diversity of the student age population in the USA calls for increased cultural competence on behalf of educators to effectively teach students. This article reports on a study of a suburban school district's initiatives that utilized the Development Model of Intercultural Sensitivity, the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI)…

DeJaeghere, Joan G.; Zhang, Yongling

2008-01-01

125

Developing a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non-formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues…

Sampson, Demetrios; Karampiperis, Pythagoras; Fytros, Demetrios

2007-01-01

126

Developing a common metadata model for competencies description  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non- formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues related with the definition of a common

Demetrios G. Sampson; Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Fytros

2007-01-01

127

Masonry. Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum for masonry is organized into 12 modules. Each module is comprised of two to nine competency statements. A student competency sheet provided for each competency is organized into this format: module and competency number and name, performance guide (for some competencies), learning activities, and an evaluation. Where appropriate,…

Long, Diana

128

Student Competency Profile Chart: A Competency Based Vocational Education Instrument.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document defines, describes usage of, and provides samples of student competency profiles being used in 17 vocational programs at Rutland Area Vocational-Technical Center in Rutland, Vermont. The profiles cover the following programs: auto body, auto mechanics, business/data processing, cabinetmaking, carpentry/masonry, culinary arts,…

Martell, John L.

129

Assessment to Transform Competency-based Curricula  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating a vision and creating short-term wins were the 4 steps most evident in the literature. In the case study, creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating short-term wins, consolidating improvements, and producing additional change were most important. The case study also indicated that (a) the history or climate of the institution in dealing with change, and (b) involving individuals with specific expertise as part of the leadership group were also important. Recommendations (PREPARE) were developed. Assessment is an enabling and valuable element in each stage of curricular transformation when guided by Kotter's model. PMID:20221351

Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; Kelley, Katherine; Scott, Steven A.

2009-01-01

130

Competency-Based Adult Education: A Guide to Classroom Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of a 310 Special Demonstration and Teacher Training Project undertaken at Brevard Community College in 1984-85, this training guide for new Competency-Based Adult Education (CBAE) teachers offers information on the CBAE concept, individualized instruction, selection of instructional materials, student orientation, and procedures.…

Guglielmino, Lucy M.; And Others

131

Health. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on health is divided into ten topics. The topics included are Nutrition, Reproduction, Menstruation, Contraception, Alcohol Abuse, Tobacco, Immunization, Disease, Accident Prevention, and…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

132

Implementing the Plan. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on implementing the landscape plan is one of five developed for classroom use in teaching the landscape/nursery area of horticulture. The seven sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

133

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Machine Shop. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the student material for the machine shop competency-based education curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. It has been developed to facilitate the learning of skills necessary for a career as a machinist. The tasks in the curriculum are those actually performed on the job. The materials are intended for use…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

134

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Machine Shop. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the machine shop competency-based education curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. It has been developed to facilitate use of the curriculum by instructors of machine shop programs. The teacher's guide contains the following material: an explanation of the curriculum and suggested usage; a…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

135

A Historical Perspective on the Development of the Concept "Competence"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicative competence that involves language (Druviete 2007, p. 12) is one of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The enhancement of students' communicative competence becomes particularly important for the…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

136

Embracing a competency-based specialty curriculum for community-based nursing roles.  

PubMed

The Quad Council competencies for public health nursing (PHN) provide guidance in developing curricula at both the generalist and specialist level. However, these competencies are based on nursing roles in traditional public health agencies and community/public health is defined more broadly than official agency practice. The question arises as to whether community-based specialties require largely the same knowledge and skill set as PHN. The purpose of the competency cross-mapping project reported here was to (a) assess the intersection of the Quad Council competencies with four community-based specialties and (b) ensure the appropriateness of a Quad Council-based curriculum to prepare graduates across these four specialties (home health, occupational health, environmental health, and school nursing). This article details the multistep cross-mapping process, including validation with practice leaders. Results indicate strong alignment of community-based specialty competencies with Quad Council competencies. Community-based specialty-specific content that did not align well is identified, along with examples of didactic and clinical strategies to address gaps. This work indicates that a Quad Council-based curriculum is appropriate to prepare graduates in community-based specialties when attention to the specialty-specific competencies in the clinical setting is included. This work guides the development of a doctorate of nursing practice curriculum in PHN, encompassing the four additional community-based specialties. PMID:24579715

Levin, Pamela F; Swider, Susan M; Breakwell, Susan; Cowell, Julia M; Reising, Virginia

2013-01-01

137

Concentration Competency-Based List of Activities, page 1 To begin each semester, students will work with their field instructors to develop a list of  

E-print Network

for examples of activities and levels of expected performance. The Competency-Based List of Activities may2.1.1: Identify as a professional social worker and conduct oneself accordingly 1) advocate for client access to the services of social work; 2) practice personal reflection and self

Ward, Karen

138

Effects of a Competency-Based Professional Development Training on Children's Physical Activity and Staff Physical Activity Promotion in Summer Day Camps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The YMCA of the USA serves more than nine million youth in its summer day camping programs nationwide. In spring 2011, the YMCA of Columbia, SC, with support from the University of South Carolina, adopted a competency-based staff-level training approach in an attempt to align staff behaviors with the YMCA of the USA new physical activity standards…

Weaver, R. Glenn; Beets, Michael W.; Turner-McGrievy, Gabrielle; Webster, Collin A.; Moore, Justin

2014-01-01

139

Developing a Consensus-Driven, Core Competency Model to Shape Future Audio Engineering Technology Curriculum: A Web-Based Modified Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this online study was to create a ranking of essential core competencies and technologies required by AET (audio engineering technology) programs 10 years in the future. The study was designed to facilitate curriculum development and improvement in the rapidly expanding number of small to medium sized audio engineering technology…

Tough, David T.

2009-01-01

140

Development and validation of a child health workforce competence framework.  

PubMed

Providing high quality, effective services is fundamental to the delivery of key health outcomes for children and young people. This requires a competent workforce. This paper reports on the development of a validated competence framework tool for the children and young people's health workforce. The framework brings together policy, strategic agendas and existing workforce competences. The framework will contribute to the improvement of children's physical and mental wellbeing by identifying competences required to provide proactive services that respond to children and young people with acute, continuing and complex needs. It details five core competences for the workforce, the functions that underpin them and levels of competence required to deliver a particular service. The framework will be of value to commissioners to inform contracting, to providers to ensure services are delivered by a workforce with relevant competences to meet identified needs, and to the workforce to assess existing capabilities and identify gaps in competence. PMID:21667711

Smith, Lynda; Hawkins, Jean; McCrum, Anita

2011-05-01

141

Nurse Educator Pathway Project: a competency-based intersectoral curriculum.  

PubMed

In this paper, we begin by providing an overview of the Educator Pathway Project (EPP), an education infrastructure that was developed in response to emerging critical nursing workplace issues, and the related demand for enhanced workplace education. We then describe the EPP competency-based curriculum designed to prepare nurses as preceptors, mentors, and educators to lead learning with diverse learner groups. This competency-based curriculum was developed through a collaboration of nurse leaders across practice, academic, and union sectors and drew from a widely embraced curriculum development model (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyzyn, 2005). The goal of the curriculum was to prepare nurses through a four-level career pathway model that contextualized practice and education theory to various education-related roles and levels of experience within the practice setting. Over 1,100 nurses participated in this innovative intersectoral nursing initiative. PMID:21126229

Young, Lynne; Frost, Linda J; Bigl, Julie; Clauson, Marion; McRae, Cora; Scarborough, Kathy S; Murphy, Sue; Jillings, Carol; Gillespie, Frank

2010-01-01

142

Personnel Development. A Plan to Produce and Distribute an Instructional Package for Teaching the Concepts of Competency-Based Instruction in Home Economics Pre-service Teacher Education Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described in this final report is the development of a plan to produce and distribute an instructional package for teaching the concepts of competency-based instruction in home economics pre-service education programs in the state of Virginia. Nine Virginia Universities (Virginia Polytechnic Institution and State University, Radford College, James…

Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg.

143

Competency-Based Performance Appraisals: Improving Performance Evaluations of School Nutrition Managers and Assistants/Technicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the research was to develop a competency-based performance appraisal resource for evaluating school nutrition (SN) managers and assistants/technicians. Methods: A two-phased process was used to develop the competency-based performance appraisal resource for SN managers and assistants/technicians. In Phase I, draft…

Cross, Evelina W.; Asperin, Amelia Estepa; Nettles, Mary Frances

2009-01-01

144

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the student materials for the comptency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. These student materials consist of a student competency sheet for each of the 31 competencies (arranged in 10 learning modules) of the curriculum. Each competency sheet states the…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

145

Formal and Integrated Strategies for Competence Development in SMEs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of the relationships among the workplace as a learning environment, strategies for competence development used by SMEs and learning outcomes. Specifically, there is a focus on a distinction between formal and integrated strategies for competence development, the conditions under which…

Kock, Henrik; Ellstrom, Per-Erik

2011-01-01

146

Development of Students' Intercultural Competence at the Tertiary Level  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research deals with the development of students ' intercultural competence as an integrative part of English for Special Purposes (ESP) competen ce. The aim of the research is to develop tourism students' intercultural competence in ESP s tudies. The target study group consists of nine students of the Faculty of International Tourism of the School of Business Administration Turiba

Ineta Luka

2007-01-01

147

The Measure of Adolescent Heterosocial Competence: Development and Initial Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We developed and began construct validation of the Measure of Adolescent Heterosocial Competence (MAHC), a self-report instrument assessing the ability to negotiate effectively a range of challenging other-sex social interactions. Development followed the Goldfried and D'Zurilla (1969) behavioral-analytic model for assessing competence.…

Grover, Rachel L.; Nangle, Douglas W.; Zeff, Karen R.

2005-01-01

148

The Integrated Personnel Development System: The Training and Development of Competent Firefighters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article enquires into the nature of an emergent continuous professional development (CPD) mechanism for firefighters in the form of an Integrated Personnel Development System (IPDS), which proposes to base future training for every rank in the service on the acquisition and demonstration of competence for role. IPDS is due to be introduced…

Moran, Peter; Starling, Paul

2005-01-01

149

The Action Competence Approach and the "New" Discourses of Education for Sustainable Development, Competence and Quality Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to…

Mogensen, Finn; Schnack, Karsten

2010-01-01

150

Competence-Based Education and Training--About Frequently Asked Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article follows the author's previous piece on practical guidelines for the development of comprehensive competence-based education and training (Mulder, 2012). It is about the questions that have been and are still frequently asked in presentations, workshops and classes about the introduction of competence-based education. Here, the author…

Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

151

It's Not a Matter of Time: Highlights from the 2011 Competency-Based Summit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From Anchorage, Alaska, to Orlando, Florida, and from Gray, Maine, to Yuma, Arizona, one hundred competency-based innovators gathered at the Competency-Based Learning Summit in March 2011. Sponsored by the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO) and the International Association for K-12 Online Learning (iNACOL), the Summit was developed in…

Sturgis, Chris; Patrick, Susan; Pittenger, Linda

2011-01-01

152

A Competency-Based Guided-Learning Algorithm Applied on Adaptively Guiding E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a new algorithm called competency-based guided-learning algorithm (CBGLA), which can be applied on adaptively guiding e-learning. Computational process analysis and mathematical derivation of competency-based learning (CBL) were used to develop the CBGLA. The proposed algorithm could generate an effective adaptively guiding…

Hsu, Wei-Chih; Li, Cheng-Hsiu

2015-01-01

153

Bases of Competence: A Framework for Facilitating Reflective Learner-Centered Educational Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the business world becomes more complex, the role of professional higher education in the development of "reflective practitioners" becomes more cogent. In this article, the authors argue for the Bases of Competence model, which articulates base competencies required of today's higher education professional graduates, as a tool in…

Berdrow, Iris; Evers, Frederick T.

2011-01-01

154

Implementing Competency-Based Teacher Education: Future Directions for Vocational Teacher Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to provide direction for those who contemplate establishing a competency-based program for vocational teachers, this monograph contains major papers developed for the Institute on Competency-Based Teacher Education for Virginia Vocational and Technical Teacher Educators held in Blacksburg, November 23-26, 1975. Also included are two…

Finch, Curtis; And Others

155

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. After the introduction, which provides a rationale for competency-based instruction in the prevocational curriculum, the following sections are included in the guide: development and validation of…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

156

Distributive Education Competency-Based Curriculum Models by Occupational Clusters. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To meet the needs of distributive education teachers and students, a project was initiated to develop competency-based curriculum models for marketing and distributive education clusters. The models which were developed incorporate competencies, materials and resources, teaching methodologies/learning activities, and evaluative criteria for the…

Davis, Rodney E.; Husted, Stewart W.

157

Effects of Collaborative Musical Theater on the Development of Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This study analyzes the social competence of university students of the Music Education Teaching Degree through variables group climate, team cohesion and social skills. The need to develop good social competence was the basis to implement a project based on the musical theater applied according to the collaborative learning…

Perez-Aldeguer, Santiago

2013-01-01

158

Competences for Sustainable Development and Sustainability: Significance and Challenges for ESD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose--The purpose of this paper is to draw attention of the education for sustainable development (ESD) community to recent discussions on competence approaches and to examine the adequacy of a competence-based model as the means of achieving educational and societal transformation towards sustainability. The paper analyses and highlights some…

Mochizuki, Yoko; Fadeeva, Zinaida

2010-01-01

159

The Reflective (and Competent) Practitioner: A Model of Professional Competence which Seeks to Harmonise the Reflective Practitioner and Competence-Based Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on reader feedback and practitioner interviews, a model of reflective/competent practice was revised to include meta-competencies, four components of professional competence (knowledge/cognitive, functional, personal/behavioral, values/ethical), and reflection itself as a super-meta-competence. (SK)

Cheetham, Graham; Chivers, Geoff

1998-01-01

160

Competence Development of Entrepreneurs in Innovative Horticulture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the learning of entrepreneurs in authentic learning environments. The research questions are: How do entrepreneurs assess their compentencies, and how do employees and external consultants assess the compentencies of these entrepreneurs? What are the competence strengths and weaknesses of…

Mulder, Martin; Lans, Thomas; Verstegen, Jos; Biemans, Harm; Meijer, Ypie

2007-01-01

161

Developing Intercultural Competence in Europe: The Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anti-racism has not played a prominent role in recent major European Union Lifelong Learning strategies. Nevertheless, its importance in Europe with increasing levels of migration has kept the concept, in the form of intercultural competence and intercultural dialogue, alive within European Education and Culture policy. This article traces the use…

Hoskins, Bryony; Sallah, Momodou

2011-01-01

162

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competencies in Undergraduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed impact of training undergraduates in multicultural counseling competencies. When compared with a control group of students in a psychology of personality course (n=20), repeated measures analyses of variance confirmed that multicultural counseling trainees (n=21) significantly increased levels of multicultural counseling awareness and…

Estrada, Ana Ulloa; Durlak, Joseph A.; Juarez, Scott C.

2002-01-01

163

Increasing Cultural Competence through Needs Assessment and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing cultural diversity of American students makes it imperative for school-based professionals to engage in culturally-competent practice, thereby ensuring high-quality mental health services. Although most cultural competence training occurs in university programs, research shows practicing mental health professionals would benefit…

Smith, Natasha L.; Bahr, Michael W.

2014-01-01

164

Competencies for Performance-Based Teacher Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, a scheme for organizing teaching skills or competencies is described. The competencies listed were identified by using a combination of four methods: polling; poaching from prepared lists; observing; and, mainly, analyzing the teaching act. The paper states that the analysis was strongly influenced by Freider's work in which six…

Okey, James R.; Brown, Jerry L.

165

The Development and Test of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the demand for increased accountability within the university classroom, there have been calls for a new generation of rubrics that effectively assess students' competence in several areas, including public speaking. This article describes the development, test, and factor analyses of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric (PSCR), an…

Schreiber, Lisa M.; Paul, Gregory D.; Shibley, Lisa R.

2012-01-01

166

Development and Validation of the Career Competencies Indicator (CCI)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and validation of the Career Competencies Indicator (CCI); a 43-item measure to assess career competencies (CCs). Following an extensive literature review, a comprehensive item generation process involving consultation with subject matter experts, a pilot study and a factor analytic study on a large sample…

Francis-Smythe, Jan; Haase, Sandra; Thomas, Erica; Steele, Catherine

2013-01-01

167

Multicultural Counseling Competencies, 2003: Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book updates earlier Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (AMCD) multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). Each chapter author particularizes definitions and/or conceptualizations of multicultural competencies to the topic of his or her chapter. The present document operationalizes the MCC into practice examples,…

Roysircar, Gargi; Arredondo, Patricia; Fuertes, Jairo N.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Toporek, Rebecca L.

168

Developing Intercultural Competence in Multilingual and Multicultural Student Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationalization and intercultural competence are key issues in higher education institutions across the globe. In times of accelerating globalization, intercultural competence emerges as one of the most desirable graduate capabilities for those who are likely to work in international environments. This article focuses on the development of…

Krajewski, Sabine

2011-01-01

169

Ohio State University Extension Competency Study: Developing a Competency Model for a 21st Century Extension Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on competency-based human resource (HR) management provides a strong case for moving from a jobs-based to a competency-based approach to human resources. There is agreement in the literature (Dubois, Rothwell, Stern, & Kemp, 2004; Lucia & Lepsinger, 1999) on the benefits of using competencies throughout HR systems and impact has…

Cochran, Graham Ralph

2009-01-01

170

Designing a process for simulation-based annual nurse competency assessment.  

PubMed

The education council at Orlando Regional Medical Center identified a need to improve the annual nurse competency assessment. A revision process was implemented to improve the method and efficiency of assessing nurse competency. This process included evaluating population-specific competencies using simulation-based scenarios that were developed by a multidisciplinary team. The results showed high participant satisfaction scores and cost savings because of an individualized, efficient approach and bundling of resources. PMID:23222424

Waterval, Eugene M E; Stephan, Kelly; Peczinka, Denise; Shaw, Amber

2012-01-01

171

Beyond NAVMEC: competency-based veterinary education and assessment of the professional competencies.  

PubMed

The implementation of competency-based curricula within the health sciences has been an important paradigm shift over the past 30 years. As a result, one of the five strategic goals recommended by the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium (NAVMEC) report was to graduate career-ready veterinarians who are proficient in, and have the confidence to use, an agreed-upon set of core competencies. Of the nine competencies identified as essential for veterinary graduates, seven could be classified as professional or non-technical competencies: communication; collaboration; management (self, team, system); lifelong learning, scholarship, value of research; leadership; diversity and multicultural awareness; and adaptation to changing environments. Traditionally, the professional competencies have received less attention in veterinary curricula and their assessment is often sporadic or inconsistent. In contrast, the same or similar competencies are being increasingly recognized in other health professions as essential skills and abilities, and their assessment is being undertaken with enhanced scrutiny and critical appraisal. Several challenges have been associated with the assessment of professional competencies, including agreement as to their definition and therefore their evaluation, the fact that they are frequently complex and require multiple integrative assessments, and the ability and/or desire of faculty to teach and assess these competencies. To provide an improved context for assessment of the seven professional competencies identified in the NAVMEC report, this article describes a broad framework for their evaluation as well as specific examples of how these or similar competencies are currently being measured in medical and veterinary curricula. PMID:23709107

Hodgson, Jennifer L; Pelzer, Jacquelyn M; Inzana, Karen D

2013-01-01

172

Mandated Competency-Based Teacher Certification and the Public Interest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to the current lack of an empirical basis for competency-based teacher certification, Georgia has mandated studies leading to the establishment of empirical criteria. In the Carroll County Competency-Based Teacher Certification Project, the instructional behaviors of some 60 certified teachers and the classroom behaviors of the…

Spaulding, Robert L.

173

Adaptive Learning Objects Sequencing for Competence-Based Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lifelong learning refers to the activities people perform throughout their life to improve their competence in a particular field. Although adaptive educational hypermedia systems (AEHS) bare the potential to provide personalized learning experiences based on individual's knowledge, skills, and competencies, so far they have been confined in the provision of knowledge resources that are adaptively selected based on the structure

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson

2006-01-01

174

Must We Bother with Competency-Based Teacher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic issue of competency-based teacher education (CBTE) is presented. Characteristics of the groups (new occult and old ostrich) representing the two extreme positions are identified. The magnitude of the CBTE movement at the national, state, and institutional level is assessed. States possessing competency-based certification requirements…

Riechard, Donald E.

1976-01-01

175

Competency-Based Adult High School Curriculum Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of program materials serves as an introduction to and overview of Florida's Brevard Community College's (BCC's) Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Project, which was conducted to teach administrators, counselors, and teachers how to organize and implement a competency-based adult education (CBAE) program; to critique…

Singer, Elizabeth

176

Competency Based Accountability: A Progress Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The School of Special Education and Rehabilitation of the University of Northern Colorado conceived, designed, and carried out this follow-up study of their graduates to obtain information concerning behavioral competencies valuable in their positions. (JA)

Weishahn, Mel W.; Fox, A. M.

1973-01-01

177

Moral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Moral competence refers to the affective orientation to perform altruistic behaviors and the ability to judge moral issues logically. A five-stage theory of moral development is proposed. Both western and Chinese perspectives are incorporated in the elaboration of the characteristics of each stage. A brief review of the antecedents of moral competence is presented. The relationship between moral competence and adolescent developmental outcomes is also discussed. Some practical ways to promote moral competence are suggested. School-based programs may be effective in the promotion of moral competence provided it is based on all-round or whole-person development and the length of the program should be sufficiently long. PMID:22629153

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

178

Competency-Based Models of Learning for Engineers: A Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the goals of higher professional education is to develop generic student competencies across a variety of disciplines that play a crucial role in education and that provide wider opportunities for graduates in finding good jobs and more chance of promotion. In this article a list of generic competencies developed in Russian universities is…

Lunev, Alexander; Petrova, Irina; Zaripova, Viktoria

2013-01-01

179

Job Notes '91 Curriculum. A Career Development Unit Addressing Competency Statements from the National Career Development Guidelines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains 15 lessons based on competency areas and indicators from the National Career Development Guidelines. They address competencies in each of the three developmental areas outlined in the guidelines: self-knowledge, educational and occupational exploration, and career planning. The lessons were designed using a…

Randall, Judith D.

180

Competence and scope of practice: ethics and professional development.  

PubMed

In this article, I discuss the importance of the psychotherapist's capacities and attributes that go beyond formal education and training as they relate to both readiness for clinical training and continued competence throughout one's professional life. Professional development is essential to the maintenance of professional competence as a psychotherapist. Principles and standards from the American Psychological Association's (2002) Ethics Code are reviewed and illustrated with clinical vignettes. In striving to maintain competence, psychotherapists are strongly encouraged to focus on proactive self-care and professional development in addition to complying with the formal continuing education mandated by most states. PMID:18384117

Wise, Erica H

2008-05-01

181

Competency-Based Training: Objective Structured Clinical Exercises (OSCE) in Marriage and Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of marriage and family therapy (MFT) has recently engaged in the process of defining core competencies for the profession. Many MFT training programs are adapting their curriculum to develop more competency-based training strategies. The Objective Structured Clinical "Examination" (OSCE) is widely used in the medical profession to assess…

Miller, John K.

2010-01-01

182

An Analysis of the Competency-Based Secondary Mathematics Curriculum in Sri Lanka  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In education, there is a growing interest in the concept of "competency" especially in vocational training and professional development. The concept is strongly associated with the ability to apply knowledge and skills in effective ways in unanticipated situations. In Sri Lanka, a new competency-based mathematics curriculum was…

Egodawatte, Gunawardena

2014-01-01

183

Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Laser Technology. September 1980-June 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains materials developed by a project to provide a competency-based curriculum guide for laser technology at the community college level. An abstract of the final report is included. Next, the 17 job competencies determined as necessary to meet the job description of laser technician are listed. A career ladder and qualifications…

Fioroni, John J.

184

Discovery of novel peptides regulating competence development in Streptococcus mutans.  

PubMed

A MarR-like transcriptional repressor (RcrR) and two predicted ABC efflux pumps (RcrPQ) encoded by a single operon were recently shown to be dominant regulators of stress tolerance and development of genetic competence in the oral pathogen Streptococcus mutans. Here, we focused on polar (?rcrR-P) and nonpolar (?rcrR-NP) rcrR mutants, which are hyper- and nontransformable, respectively, to dissect the mechanisms by which these mutations impact competence. We discovered two open reading frames (ORFs) in the 3' end of the rcrQ gene that encode peptides of 27 and 42 amino acids (aa) which are also dramatically upregulated in the ?rcrR-NP strain. Deletion of, or start codon mutations in, the ORFs for the peptides in the ?rcrR-NP background restored competence and sensitivity to competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) to levels seen in the ?rcrR-P strain. Overexpression of the peptides adversely affected competence development. Importantly, overexpression of mutant derivatives of the ABC exporters that lacked the peptides also resulted in impaired competence. FLAG-tagged versions of the peptides could be detected in S. mutans, and FLAG tagging of the peptides impaired their function. The competence phenotypes associated with the various mutations, and with overexpression of the peptides and ABC transporters, were correlated with the levels of ComX protein in cells. Collectively, these studies revealed multiple novel mechanisms for regulation of competence development by the components of the rcrRPQ operon. Given their intimate role in competence and stress tolerance, the rcrRPQ-encoded peptides may prove to be useful targets for therapeutics to diminish the virulence of S. mutans. PMID:25135217

Ahn, Sang-Joon; Kaspar, Justin; Kim, Jeong Nam; Seaton, Kinda; Burne, Robert A

2014-11-01

185

Development of a military competency checklist for case management.  

PubMed

This presentation will discuss the design, implementation, and evaluation of a competency-based checklist in military nursing network. The checklist was initiated to help assess case manager competency where background and preparation for the case manager role were quite diverse. The checklist assisted initially with the assessment of learning needs; later, it served as a self-assessment for case managers to determine their areas for improvement. Finally, the assessment was used not only to verify competency by the case management supervisor, but also to establish systemwide quality in case management. PMID:15931044

Stanton, Marietta P; Swanson, Carol; Baker, Rebecca D

2005-01-01

186

Competency-Based Behavioral Interviewing: How To Prepare and Win!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competencies derived from experience; skills; knowledge; values; or other distinguishing qualities and motivations can contribute to a person's job performance. Counselors can use competency-based behavioral interviewing to allow a candidate to demonstrate certain skills they have used in the workplace. By using such past experiences, an employer…

Beasley, Steven E.; Washington, Tom

187

Competency-Based Standards: A Boon for Continuing Professional Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professions take different approaches to competency-based continuing education: (1) pharmacy and nursing analyze competence in terms of roles and tasks (performance); (2) law analyzes professional knowledge, skills, and attitudes (attributes); and (3) medicine analyzes attributes in the context of performance of professional tasks, an integrated…

Hager, Paul; Gonczi, Andrew

1991-01-01

188

A Marriage Proposal: Competency Based Education and Experiential Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how the wedding of competency-based education (CBE), centered on basic skills, and experiential education, advocating that learning requires accompanying experience to be effective, offers creative approach to implementation of CBE. Examples from St. Paul Open School illustrate how minimum competency skills can be incorporated into an…

Reynolds, Sherrod

1981-01-01

189

Competence-Related Metadata for Educational Resources that Support Lifelong Competence Development Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of the emerging paradigm of Lifelong Learning, competence-based learning is gradually attracting the attention of the Technology-Enhanced Learning community, since it appears to meet the 21st Century learning and training expectations of both individuals and organisations. On the other hand, the paradigm of Learning Objects--as a…

Sampson, Demetrios G.

2009-01-01

190

SOCIAL SOFTWARE FOR LIFELONG COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT: CHALLENGES AND INFRASTRUCTURE Social Software for Lifelong Competence  

E-print Network

membership (in a class, a working group, a team or a division). Social software will change the traditionalSOCIAL SOFTWARE FOR LIFELONG COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT: CHALLENGES AND INFRASTRUCTURE Social Software. This contribution analyzes the potential of social software tools for providing part of the required functionality

Olmedilla, Daniel

191

Reproductive competence: a recurrent logic module in eukaryotic development  

PubMed Central

Developmental competence is the ability to differentiate in response to an appropriate stimulus, as first elaborated by Waddington in relation to organs and tissues. Competence thresholds operate at all levels of biological systems from the molecular (e.g. the cell cycle) to the ontological (e.g. metamorphosis and reproduction). Reproductive competence, an organismal process, is well studied in mammals (sexual maturity) and plants (vegetative phase change), though far less than later stages of terminal differentiation. The phenomenon has also been documented in multiple species of multicellular fungi, mostly in early, disparate literature, providing a clear example of physiological differentiation in the absence of morphological change. This review brings together data on reproductive competence in Ascomycete fungi, particularly the model filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans, contrasting mechanisms within Unikonts and plants. We posit reproductive competence is an elementary logic module necessary for coordinated development of multicellular organisms or functional units. This includes unitary multicellular life as well as colonial species both unicellular and multicellular (e.g. social insects such as ants). We discuss adaptive hypotheses for developmental and reproductive competence systems and suggest experimental work to address the evolutionary origins, generality and genetic basis of competence in the fungal kingdom. PMID:23864594

Noble, Luke M.; Andrianopoulos, Alex

2013-01-01

192

Realizing the promise of competency-based medical education.  

PubMed

Competency-based medical education (CBME) places a premium on both educational and clinical outcomes. The Milestones component of the Next Accreditation System represents a fundamental change in medical education in the United States and is part of the drive to realize the full promise of CBME. The Milestones framework provides a descriptive blueprint in each specialty to guide curriculum development and assessment practices.From the beginning of the Outcomes project in 1999, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the larger medical education community recognized the importance of improving their approach to assessment. Work-based assessments, which rely heavily on the observations and judgments of clinical faculty, are central to a competency-based approach. The direct observation of learners and the provision of robust feedback have always been recognized as critical components of medical education, but CBME systems further elevate their importance. Without effective and frequent direct observation, coaching, and feedback, the full potential of CBME and the Milestones cannot be achieved. Furthermore, simply using the Milestones as end-of-rotation evaluations to "check the box" to meet requirements undermines the intent of an outcomes-based accreditation system.In this Commentary, the author explores these challenges, addressing the concerns raised by Williams and colleagues in their Commentary. Meeting the assessment challenges of the Milestones will require a renewed commitment from institutions to meet the profession's "special obligations" to patients and learners. All stakeholders in graduate medical education must commit to a professional system of self-regulation to prepare highly competent physicians to fulfill this social contract. PMID:25295967

Holmboe, Eric S

2015-04-01

193

Evolutionary and competence-based theories of the firm  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores evolutionary and competence-based theories of the firm. Evolutionary theories can be regarded as a subset of a wider class of theories, variously described as “capabilities”, “resource-based”, or “competence-based” theories of the firm. These contrast with a different set of contractarian theories, emanating largely from the work of Coase. It is argued that the contractarian theories of the

Geoffrey M. Hodgson

1998-01-01

194

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new…

Pant, Laxmi Prasad

2012-01-01

195

Development of Entry-Level Competence Tests: A Strategy for Evaluation of Vocational Education Training Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing countries such as Malaysia and Oman have recently established occupational standards based on core work processes (functional clusters of work objects, activities and performance requirements), to which competencies (performance determinants) can be linked. While the development of work-process-based occupational standards is supposed…

Schutte, Marc; Spottl, Georg

2011-01-01

196

Developing U.S. teachers’ intercultural competence: Does professional development matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intercultural competence is an important skill for K-12 educators to effectively teach a demographically changing population of young people. This paper builds on research that uses the Intercultural Development Inventory to assess change in intercultural competence among K-12 educators. This study aims to understand the extent of change in educators’ intercultural competence in an urban district that has implemented an

Joan G. DeJaeghere; Yi Cao

2009-01-01

197

The Development of Community Competence in the Teacher Education Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are expected to frequently collaborate within teacher communities in schools. This requires teacher education to prepare student teachers by developing the necessary community competence. The present study empirically investigates the extent to which teacher education programmes pay attention to and aim to stimulate the development of…

Dobber, Marjolein; Vandyck, Inne; Akkerman, Sanne; Graaff, Rick de; Beishuizen, Jos; Pilot, Albert; Verloop, Nico; Vermunt, Jan

2013-01-01

198

Bases of Competence: A Framework for Facilitating Reflective Learner-Centered Educational Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the business world becomes more complex, the role of professional higher education in the development of “reflective practitioners” becomes more cogent. In this article, the authors argue for the Bases of Competence model, which articulates base competencies required of today’s higher education professional graduates, as a tool in learner-centered, self-reflective pedagogy and self-assessment. The purpose of this article is

Iris Berdrow; Frederick T. Evers

2011-01-01

199

Developing Intercultural Competencies during History Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to present some good practices for integrating Intercultural Education in History class. The activities presented in the article are developed during the ICTime course in Seixal, Portugal.

Costa, Vitor; Saial, Joaquim; Castro, Irene; Pita, Fátima

2009-01-01

200

Development of Competence in the Bacillus subtilis Transformation System  

PubMed Central

Competence in Bacillus subtilis, assayed by the ability of cells to be transformed with bacterial deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) or transfected by phage DNA, has been shown to occur in a single semisynthetic medium with peak activity occurring 3 hr after the cessation of logarithmic growth. No step-down conditions or culture manipulations were necessary for routine transfection of 1% of the population. The results demonstrate that bacteriophage DNA is a valid assay for studying the development of competence in B. subtilis. Predictions of workers using transforming bacterial DNA, who have suggested that competence in B. subtilis is associated with a specific phase of growth, are substantiated. The peak of competence is not affected by marked differences in the rate of growth during the logarithmic phase. The effect on development of competence by this procedure of some components (including casein hydrolysate, tryptophan, and histidine) which were routinely included in the transformation medium by other investigators has been determined by use of infectious phage DNA as an assay. We have demonstrated that tryptophan, as well as histidine, increases the transformation frequency—even in strains which do not have auxotrophic demands for these components. Glutamic acid and alanine depress optimal levels of transfection. PMID:4962301

Bott, Kenneth F.; Wilson, Gary A.

1967-01-01

201

The development of an online measure of therapist competence?  

PubMed Central

The topic of therapist training has been relatively neglected in the research literature. Similarly, the related issue of the measurement of the outcome of training, especially therapist competence, has been largely overlooked. Data supporting the effectiveness of various methods of clinician training and those providing estimates of the level of competence achieved by clinicians are scarce. Validated scalable methods for the measurement of clinician outcomes such as competence are required to evaluate both existing and new methods of training. This study focuses on the development and testing of an online measure (eMeasure) to assess therapists' applied knowledge of Enhanced Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT-E), a transdiagnostic evidence-supported treatment for the full range of eating disorders. The eMeasure meets the stringent requirements of the Rasch model and has three equivalent versions making it suitable for repeat testing of trainees in outcome studies. Preliminary best cut points to distinguish between those who are competent and those who are not are identified. While the present work focused on CBT-E, the method described may be used to develop and test other measures relating to therapist competence. PMID:25528502

Cooper, Zafra; Doll, Helen; Bailey-Straebler, Suzanne; Kluczniok, Dorothea; Murphy, Rebecca; O'Connor, Marianne E.; Fairburn, Christopher G.

2015-01-01

202

The Development of Competent Marketing Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of transition from university undergraduate to business professional is a crucial stage in the development of a business career. This study examines both graduate and employer perspectives on the essential skills and knowledge needed by marketing professionals to successfully perform their roles. From in-depth interviews with 14…

Walker, Ian; Tsarenko, Yelena; Wagstaff, Peter; Powell, Irene; Steel, Marion; Brace-Govan, Jan

2009-01-01

203

DEVELOPING INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCIES DURING HISTORY CLASS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present some good practices for integrating Intercultural Education in History class. The activities presented in the article are developed during the ICTime course in Seixal, Portugal. In the case of Portugal the cultural identity of our country results from an amalgam of other cultures, who Portugal has contacted with, namely in the period

Vitor Costa; Joaquim Saial; Irene Castro; Fátima Pita

2009-01-01

204

Developing Clinical Competencies to Assess Learning Needs and Outcomes: The Experience of the CS2day Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An outcomes-based education (OBE) approach was desired for the CS2day initiative, and the size and scope of the initiative compelled a consistent and cohesive framework in order to apply such an approach. A series of competency statements were developed to provide that framework. The competency statements were based on current clinical guidelines,…

McKeithen, Tom; Robertson, Sheila; Speight, Mike

2011-01-01

205

Developing Supply Chain Management Program: A Competency Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to show the process of designing and measuring learning competencies in program development. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes cross-sectoral comparisons to draw on programmatic and pedagogical strategies, more commonly utilized in vocational education, and transfer the application of these strategies into…

Sauber, Matthew H.; McSurely, Hugh B.; Tummala, V. M. Rao

2008-01-01

206

Generative Adaptation and Reuse of Competence Development Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional engineering provides methods to conduct the design and adaptation of competence development programmes by the combination of diverse learning components (i.e. units of learning, learning activities, learning resources and learning services). It occurs through an established process workflow in which models with diverse levels of…

Dodero, Juan Manuel; Zarraonandia, Telmo; Fernandez, Camino; Diez, David

2007-01-01

207

Entrepreneurship Competencies for Vocational Curriculum Development. Instructor's Handbook. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is intended to assist vocational teachers and administrators in preparing vocational curricula that include materials for developing teacher- and business-identified entrepreneurship competencies. The handbook begins with a discussion of the need to infuse entrepreneurship education into all areas of vocational education. The next…

Palmieri, D. Frank; Vecchiola, Leonard C.

208

The Challenges in Developing VET Competencies in E-Commerce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A formative evaluation was begun of an innovative project funded by the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) to develop competencies and qualifications in e-commerce. The formative evaluation was designed to focus on inputs, processes, and interim outputs, identifying both good practice and areas for improvement. Findings to date…

Mitchell, John

209

Developing Competence Frameworks in UK Healthcare: Lessons from Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to review the use of competence frameworks in the UK healthcare sector and to explore characteristics of the sector that may influence the success of projects to develop new frameworks. Design/methodology/approach: The paper draws on project reports and evaluations of practice in a range of recent projects…

Mitchell, Lindsay; Boak, George

2009-01-01

210

WebSAT: A Web-based Competency Self-Assessment System Linking to Educational Resources  

PubMed Central

We describe a web-based system that enables an individual to assess him/her self against the set of competencies required for a variety of roles in the area of Applied Health Informatics (AHI). The competencies themselves were developed by a multi-disciplinary team under the auspices of the Canadian Institute for Health Research (CIHR), and include the knowledge, skills, and experience necessary to fulfill specific roles as an applied health informatician. Both textual and graphical information is presented to the user and potential mechanisms for correcting competency gaps are presented in this online interactive system. PMID:17238325

Covvey, H.D.; Fenton, S.; Mulholland, D.; Young, K.

2006-01-01

211

Development and Initial Validation of the Multicultural Competence Change Scale for Psychology Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development, maintenance, and integration of multicultural competence into all aspects of psychologists' work is critical to ethical practice in an increasingly diverse society. Measurement of multicultural competency is critical to investigating the development of multicultural competence and the effectiveness of multicultural competency

Caban, Alisia Rose

2010-01-01

212

Moroccan Arabic: A Competency Based Curriculum, Beginning & Intermediate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The textbook in introductory and intermediate Moroccan Arabic is designed for the language and cultural training of Peace Corps volunteers in Morocco and is intended for both teacher and student use. The contents and design are based on a competency-based curriculum model. An introductory section presents general principles for use of Arabic…

Peace Corps, Rabat (Morocco).

213

School Counsellor Project Competency Based Training and Education System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Manitoba's Frontier School Division hired 18 local native adults to work as school counselors to be trained for over 24 months in a Competency Based Training and Education Program. The program, based on individual and work needs, combined classroom and on-the-job training in a 5-step process: job description, task definition, knowledge and skill…

Castleden, Jaye; And Others

214

Issues in competence and pre-service teacher education. Part 1. Issues in competence and pre-service teacher education. Part 1. Can outcomes-based programmes produce competent teachers? Can outcomes-based programmes produce competent teachers?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The Department of Education's Norms and standards for educators (Department of Education 2000) require that higher education institutions design and implement outcomes-based teacher education programmes to enable novice teachers to demonstrate their competence across a range of teacher roles. In this article the question of whether outcomes-based programmes can produce competent teachers is explored. This is done firstly by

W. J. Fraser; R. Killen; M. M. Nieman

215

Do Higher Education Institutions Make a Difference in Competence Development? A Model of Competence Production at University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes a model of competence development required of graduates at work which suggests that universities make a difference when they add value to their students. They add value by ensuring that their modes of teaching and learning, and assessment positively enhance the competencies of their students which are important in the labor…

Salas Velasco, Manuel

2014-01-01

216

Development and psychometric evaluation of the competency inventory for nursing students: a learning outcome perspective.  

PubMed

Deficiency in essential core competencies could jeopardize the safety of patients. Adopting the outcome-based approach, a set of minimally required core competencies for nursing students was developed to ensure the quality of nursing education. Determination of what point to measure competency is needed. Most importantly, competence indicators of nursing students can be used in curriculum development, planning, and learning outcome evaluation. The purpose of this study was to develop a competency inventory to measure learning outcomes of baccalaureate nursing students and to test its psychometric properties. Psychometric testing was conducted with a convenience sample of 599 nursing students in 2011. Principal axis factor analysis was performed on the 52-item scale to determine construct validity and Cronbach's alpha was used to measure the internal consistency. Principal axis factoring method identified six factors through the direct oblimin rotations including pattern matrix and structure matrix: ethical and responsibility, general clinical skills, lifelong learning, clinical biomedical science, caring and critical thinking reasoning. Exploratory factor analysis yielded an instrument with 43-items on six factors, accounting for 69.84% of the variance in scores. The Competency Inventory of Nursing Students (CINS) factors ranged from 0.91 to 0.98. This study shows that the Competency Inventory of Nursing Students has satisfactory psychometric properties and could be a useful instrument for measuring learning outcomes of nursing student. The competence indicators show merit for assessing learning outcomes for nursing students in nursing education. However, a cross-validation of the scale with another sample is also needed. PMID:22727581

Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing

2013-05-01

217

Professional Competence Development at the Cooper Union School of Engineering. Course Development and Course Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 3-year project was developed to increase students' abilities to perform competently as professional engineers. The project sought to infuse into existing courses concern for, practice with, and development of three competencies critical to professional success: problem-solving, communication, and value clarification. Eight elementary and…

Bussard, Ellen

218

Competence Development in the Public Sector: Development, or Dismantling of Professionalism?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than a decade, competence development has been a key concept of modern management in both the private and the public sector, but to some extent its meaning and practice have been different in the two sectors. In the public sector in particular, competence development has been closely related to a number of other buzzwords characterizing…

Hjort, Katrin

2008-01-01

219

Proceedings of the Conference on Competency-Based Training (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, November 27-29, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains summaries of five workshops, each with several speakers, held at a conference on competency-based training (CBT) in Australia. The following are included in Session 1, Developing and Delivering CBT Programs: "Developing and Delivering CBT Programs--Opening Speech" (Steve McDonald); "Competency Standards and the CBT System"…

Carey, Cristene, Ed.

220

Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos  

PubMed Central

Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother–offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence. PMID:24127600

Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B. M.

2013-01-01

221

Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos.  

PubMed

Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother-offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence. PMID:24127600

Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B M

2013-11-01

222

Does intercultural competence matter in intercultural business relationship development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines issues concerning the development of cross-border buyer–seller relationships between China and the UK. It reports initial findings on the association between “intercultural competence” and the quality of business relationships between business partners from these two countries. The quality of relationship was taken as a composite measure of previously established areas, i.e. trust, co-operation, commitment, adaptation, satisfaction and

Yuelu Huang; Charlotte Rayner; Lee Zhuang

2003-01-01

223

A single competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce: discussing the potential value add  

PubMed Central

This brief discusses the policy implications of a research study commissioned by Health Workforce Australia (HWA) within its health workforce innovation and reform work program. The project explored conceptually complex and operationally problematic concepts related to developing a whole-of-workforce competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce and culminated with the production of three reports published by HWA. The project raised important queries as to whether such a concept is desirable, feasible or implementable – in short what is the potential value add and is it achievable? In setting the scene for discussion, the foundation of the project’s genesis and focus of the study are highlighted. A summary of key definitions related to competency-based education and training frameworks and competency-based career frameworks are provided to further readers’ commonality of understanding. The nature of the problem to be solved is explored and the potential value-add for the Australian health workforce and its key constituents proposed. The paper concludes by discussing relevance and feasibility issues within Australia’s current and changing healthcare context along with the essential steps and implementation realities that would need to be considered and actioned if whole-of-workforce frameworks were to be developed and implemented. PMID:25279384

Brownie, Sharon Mary; Thomas, Janelle

2014-01-01

224

A single competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce: discussing the potential value add.  

PubMed

This brief discusses the policy implications of a research study commissioned by Health Workforce Australia (HWA) within its health workforce innovation and reform work program. The project explored conceptually complex and operationally problematic concepts related to developing a whole-of-workforce competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce and culminated with the production of three reports published by HWA. The project raised important queries as to whether such a concept is desirable, feasible or implementable - in short what is the potential value add and is it achievable? In setting the scene for discussion, the foundation of the project's genesis and focus of the study are highlighted. A summary of key definitions related to competency-based education and training frameworks and competency-based career frameworks are provided to further readers' commonality of understanding. The nature of the problem to be solved is explored and the potential value-add for the Australian health workforce and its key constituents proposed. The paper concludes by discussing relevance and feasibility issues within Australia's current and changing healthcare context along with the essential steps and implementation realities that would need to be considered and actioned if whole-of-workforce frameworks were to be developed and implemented. PMID:25279384

Brownie, Sharon Mary; Thomas, Janelle

2014-09-01

225

Competency Based Modular Experiments in Polymer Science and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a competency-based, modular laboratory course emphasizing the synthesis and characterization of polymers and directed toward senior undergraduate and/or first-year graduate students in science and engineering. One module, free-radical polymerization kinetics by dilatometry, is included as a sample. (CS)

Pearce, Eli M; And Others

1980-01-01

226

Task Listing for Respiratory Therapy Assistant. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional task listing is designed to be used in combination with the "Health Occupations Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in the respiratory therapy assistant program in Virginia. The task listing contains three major sections: (1) duty areas; (2) a program description; and (3) a content…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

227

Teacher's Guide for Competency Based Core Curriculum for Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is intended to acompany the Competency Based Core Curriculum for Health Occupations student materials--see note. Contents include suggested tests and answer keys for student evaluation and a tool and equipment list. A comprehensive bibliography is organized into these topics: dental hygiene, medical laboratory technology,…

Meckley, Richard; And Others

228

Competency-Based Education: A Selected Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is an annotated, selected bibliography on competency-based education. Items include books, book chapters, journal articles, conference papers, and ERIC documents, totaling 29 entries in all. The dates on the bulk of materials range from 1974 through 1977; however, a few older items are included. Materials deal with testing,…

Walonick, David

229

Competency System-Based Practice Sub Domain Optimization of Resources  

E-print Network

Competency System-Based Practice Sub Domain Optimization of Resources Learning Objective Provides cost-effective care using evidence, decision support tools, and electronic health information and describes use of evidence, tools, and information technologies to support cost- effective medical decision

Leistikow, Bruce N.

230

Student Material for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student welding competency-based education curriculum consists of six units dealing with general areas related to trade occupations and nine units covering specific aspects of working with welding equipment and performing welding operations. Topics covered in the first six units are welding opportunities, human relations, safety, basic…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

231

The Grade Debate. Should We Grade Competency-Based Assessment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent of and attitudes toward competency-based assessment in Australia's technical and further education (TAFE) sector were examined in a five-phase study that included the following activities: preliminary literature review and structured interviews with individuals/groups selected for their expertise in training in public and private…

Thomson, Peter; And Others

232

Competency Based Curriculum for Clothing Services and Production Sewing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to meet individual needs and learning levels of high school and postsecondary students enrolled in vocational training for occupations in clothing services and production sewing, this competency-based curriculum teaches skills in alterations, dressmaking, and power sewing machine operations. Skills are organized into 13 units: Awareness…

Blake, Charlotte

233

MADE 2. Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is one in a series of three competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). Covered in the individual sections of the guide are the following topics: job orientation (personal appearance, job opportunities, job interviews, basic skills, training plans, legal requirements, and…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

234

Getting to Grips with Competency-Based Training and Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for the Australian general reader who wants to understand important trends in vocational education and training, this document consists of a description of competency-based training (CBT) and assessment, a short test of readers' CBT understanding, and an annotated bibliography. The introduction states the aims of the document, lists five…

Foyster, John

235

Competency Based Curriculum Guide. Career Education. Grades K-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a resource for K-3 teachers, this curriculum activities guide is first in a set of four based on an articulated K-12 career education competency curriculum model designed to infuse career education into the curriculum on a districtwide basis. Materials for each of the four program components are arranged under the following headings:…

Fountain Valley School District, CA.

236

Competency Based Curriculum Guide. Career Education. Grades 7-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a resource for junior high teachers (7-8), this curriculum activities guide is third in a set of four based on an articulated (K-12) career education competency curriculum model designed to infuse career education into the curriculum on a districtwide basis. Materials for each of the four program components are arranged under the…

Fountain Valley School District, CA.

237

Competency Based Curriculum Guide. Career Education. Grades 4-6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a resource for elementary teachers (4-6), this curriculum activities guide is second in a set of four based on an articulated (K-12) career education competency curriculum model designed to infuse career education into the curriculum on a districtwide basis. Materials for each of the four program components are arranged under the…

Fountain Valley School District, CA.

238

Competency Based Curriculum Guide. Career Education. Grades 9-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a resource for high school teachers (9-12), this curriculum activities guide is fourth in a set of four based on an articulated (K-12) career education competency curriculum model designed to infuse career education into the curriculum on a districtwide basis. Materials for each of the four program components are arranged under the…

Fountain Valley School District, CA.

239

TURN ABOUT: A Competency-Based Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project "Turn About" was initiated at Western Washington State College and Everett (Washington) Public Schools, 1971-1972. The major objectives of the program were to enlarge the learning outcomes of elementary school children and improve competency-based undergraduate and graduate teacher education in a portal school. Program leadership…

Western Washington Univ., Bellingham.

240

Competencies of expert Web-based instruction designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based instruction has been increasingly accepted in education, business and industry, military and government, healthcare and other sectors as a dominant means to deliver instruction beyond time and geographical constraints. However, the overall quality of WBI courses or programs remains a concern. The reasons for the ineffectiveness can be many, of which is the lack of sufficient competencies and skills

Yonghui Chen

2012-01-01

241

Competencies of expert web-based instruction designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based instruction has been increasingly accepted in education, business and industry, military and government, healthcare and other sectors as a dominant means to deliver instruction beyond time and geographical constraints. However, the overall quality of WBI courses or programs remains a concern. The reasons for the ineffectiveness can be many, of which is the lack of sufficient competencies and skills

Yonghui Chen

2012-01-01

242

Discipline, Governmentality and 25 Years of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the many critiques of competency-based approaches to education and training (CBT) is a strain which draws on Foucault's analysis of "disciplinary" power and knowledge. Foucault offered an interpretation of modern institutions, such as prisons, armies and schools, which revealed subtle mechanisms of surveillance and systems of knowledge that…

Hodge, Steven; Harris, Roger

2012-01-01

243

AN EVALUATION OF A COMPETENCY-BASED FOOD MANAGEMENT PROGRAM  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to design, implement, and evaluate a Competency-Based Vocational Education Program for eleventh and twelfth grade students enrolled in a high school Foods Management Program.^ The formative and summative data collected for this study consisted of: (1) A Needs Assessment Survey conducted prior to the formulation of the program components; (2) The Instructional Quality Inventory

VIRNESTEAN WILSON TUBBS

1982-01-01

244

Competency-Based Recordkeeping. Bulletin 1781.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This model instructional unit was developed to aid business teachers in Louisiana to prepare students in grades 10-12 for business and office employment, further educational experiences, and responsible consumer activity. It provides guidance on model performance objectives, current technology content, sources, and supplemental materials.…

Nicholls State Univ., Thibodaux, LA.

245

The Effect of Virtual versus Traditional Learning in Achieving Competency-Based Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: By rapid developing of the network technology, the internet-based learning methods are substituting the traditional classrooms making them expand to the virtual network learning environment. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of virtual systems on competency-based skills of first-year nursing students.…

Mosalanejad, Leili; Shahsavari, Sakine; Sobhanian, Saeed; Dastpak, Mehdi

2012-01-01

246

Articulation of Competency Based Education for Nursing. Final Report, 1974-75.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project sought to develop a competency based curriculum for Associate Degree Nursing that would be a logical outgrowth of the principles on which student performance outcomes and measurable exit criteria were based. The report includes the products, processes, and evaluation of each of the following project objectives: identification of the…

Mount Hood Community Coll., Gresham, OR.

247

Secondary-Postsecondary Curriculum Development in Automotive Mechanics. Automotive Electrical Competencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of a competency-based curriculum in automotive mechanics which is usable by students at both the secondary and postsecondary levels, this learning package focuses on automotive electrical systems. It is the first unit to be published in a series of eight which will cover the eight subject areas on the national certification…

Hoepner, Ronald

248

Performing Classroom Management Functions with Competency-Based Instruction. Microcomputer Applications for Vocational Teachers: A Competency-Based Approach--Book E.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is the fifth in a series of five competency-based resource guides on microcomputer applications for vocational teachers. The four units of instruction in this handbook are concerned with the content of the 10 competencies included in the category, "Performing Classroom Management Functions with Competency-Based Instruction." Unit…

Roth, Gene; Tesolowski, Dennis

249

Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs—Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

This document is a summarization of the report, Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs, the final report for phase 2 of the SPSP (DOE workforce study) project.

O'Neil, Lori Ross; Assante, Michael; Tobey, D. H.; Conway, T. J.; Vanderhorst, Jr, T. J.; Januszewski, III, J.; Leo, R.; Perman, K.

2013-07-01

250

Field-based generation and social validation managers and staff competencies for small community residences.  

PubMed

Characteristics and competencies for four staff positions in community residences for individuals with mental retardation were identified utilizing multiple empirical and deductive methods with field-based practitioners and field-based experts. The more commonly used competency generation methods of expert opinion and job performance analysis generated a high degree of knowledge and skill-based competencies similar to course curricula. Competencies generated by incumbent practitioners through open-ended methods of personal structured interview and critical incident analysis were ones which related to personal style, interpersonal interaction, and humanistic orientation. Although seldom included in staff, paraprofessional, or professional training curricula, these latter competencies include those identified by Carl Rogers as essential for developing an effective helping relationship in a therapeutic situation (i.e., showing liking, interest, and respect for the clients; being able to communicate positive regard to the client). Of 21 core competency statements selected as prerequisites to employment for all four staff positions, the majority (17 of 21) represented interpersonal skills important to working with others, including responsiveness to resident needs, personal valuation of persons with mental retardation, and normalization principles. PMID:3752986

Thousand, J S; Burchard, S N; Hasazi, J E

1986-01-01

251

Development of a multidisciplinary course in cultural competence for nursing and human service professions.  

PubMed

A multidisciplinary teaching model was used to develop a pilot course for students in the human service professions of nursing, education, and social work to gain additional knowledge and skills in providing diverse clients with culturally appropriate services during field and clinical experiences. This article focuses on the process of developing a multidisciplinary course in cultural competence that is consistent with a university mission to prepare students for leadership and service in an increasingly diverse society. Using the theoretical framework of Campinha-Bacote's process of cultural competence and the six developmental stages of intercultural competence in Bennett's developmental model of intercultural sensitivity, the course content covered the five components of cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, cultural skills, cultural encounters, and cultural desire. Students' written reflections indicated growth in acquisition of cultural knowledge, skills, and desire. Faculty collaboration across disciplines included the benefits of an enriched knowledge base and shared scholarship. PMID:19645371

Munoz, Cora C; DoBroka, Cheryl Conrad; Mohammad, Saleem

2009-09-01

252

An Analysis of the Competencies Needed by Trainers to Use Computer-Based Technologies and Distance Learning Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study conducted to describe computer-based technologies and distance learning systems currently used in employee training and to determine which technologies will be used in future training processes. The competencies needed by trainers were also examined, including preferred sources of competency development. (15 tables) (Author/LRW)

Furst-Bowe, Julie A.

1996-01-01

253

Competency-Based Approaches: Linking Theory and Practice in Professional Education with Particular Reference to Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paul Hager and I worked on a large number of research projects and publications throughout the 1990s. The focus of this work was on developing a competency-based approach to professional education and assessment. I review this work and its impact over the years. Notwithstanding the fact that most professional associations today have a competency

Gonczi, Andrew

2013-01-01

254

Development of Geriatric Competencies for Emergency Medicine Residents Using an Expert Consensus Process  

PubMed Central

Background The emergency department (ED) visit rate for older patients exceeds that of all age groups other than infants. The aging population will increase elder ED patient utilization to 35% to 60% of all visits. Older patients can have complex clinical presentations and be resource-intensive. Evidence indicates that emergency physicians fail to provide consistent high-quality care for elder ED patients, resulting in poor clinical outcomes. Objectives The objective was to develop a consensus document, “Geriatric Competencies for Emergency Medicine Residents,” by identified experts. This is a minimum set of behaviorally based performance standards that all residents should be able to demonstrate by completion of their residency training. Methods This consensus-based process utilized an inductive, qualitative, multiphase method to determine the minimum geriatric competencies needed by emergency medicine (EM) residents. Assessments of face validity and reliability were used throughout the project. Results In Phase I, participants (n = 363) identified 12 domains and 300 potential competencies. In Phase II, an expert panel (n = 24) clustered the Phase I responses, resulting in eight domains and 72 competencies. In Phase III, the expert panel reduced the competencies to 26. In Phase IV, analysis of face validity and reliability yielded a 100% consensus for eight domains and 26 competencies. The domains identified were atypical presentation of disease; trauma, including falls; cognitive and behavioral disorders; emergent intervention modifications; medication management; transitions of care; pain management and palliative care; and effect of comorbid conditions. Conclusions The Geriatric Competencies for EM Residents is a consensus document that can form the basis for EM residency curricula and assessment to meet the demands of our aging population. PMID:20370765

Hogan, Teresita M.; Losman, Eve D.; Carpenter, Christopher R.; Sauvigne, Karen; Irmiter, Cheryl; Emanuel, Linda; Leipzig, Rosanne M.

2011-01-01

255

Adjudicative Competence  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review Although the basic standards of adjudicative competence were specified by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1960, there remain a number of complex conceptual and practical issues in interpreting and applying these standards. In this report we provide a brief overview regarding the general concept of adjudicative competence and its assessment, as well as some highlights of recent empirical studies on this topic. Findings Most adjudicative competence assessments are conducted by psychiatrists or psychologists. There are no universal certification requirements, but some states are moving toward required certification of forensic expertise for those conducting such assessments. Recent data indicate inconsistencies in application of the existing standards even among forensic experts, but the recent publication of consensus guidelines may foster improvements in this arena. There are also ongoing efforts to develop and validate structured instruments to aid competency evaluations. Telemedicine-based competency interviews may facilitate evaluation by those with specific expertise for evaluation of complex cases. There is also interest in empirical development of educational methods to enhance adjudicative competence. Summary Adjudicative competence may be difficult to measure accurately, but the assessments and tools available are advancing. More research is needed on methods of enhancing decisional capacity among those with impaired competence. PMID:18650693

Dawes, Sharron E.; Palmer, Barton W.; Jeste, Dilip V.

2008-01-01

256

Developing physician-leaders: key competencies and available programs.  

PubMed

Because effective leadership is critical to organizational success, frontrunner organizations cultivate leaders for bench depth and pipeline development. The many challenges in healthcare today create a special need for great leadership. This paper reviews the leadership competencies needed by physician-leaders and current experience with developing physician-leaders in healthcare institution-sponsored programs. On the basis of this review, six key leadership competency domains are proposed: 1. technical skills and knowledge (regarding operational, financial, and information systems, human resources, and strategic planning), 2. industry knowledge (e.g., regarding clinical processes, regulation, and healthcare trends), 3. problem-solving skills, 4. emotional intelligence, 5. communication, and 6. a commitment to lifelong learning. Review of current experience indicates that, in addition to leadership training through degree and certificate-granting programs (e.g., by universities and/or official medical societies), healthcare institutions themselves are developing intramural programs to cultivate physician-leaders. Greater attention is needed to assessing the impact and effectiveness of such programs in developing leaders and benefiting organizational outcomes. PMID:19655634

Stoller, James K

2008-01-01

257

Assessing Knowledge Base on Geriatric Competencies for Emergency Medicine Residents  

PubMed Central

Introduction Emergency care of older adults requires specialized knowledge of their unique physiology, atypical presentations, and care transitions. Older adults often require distinctive assessment, treatment and disposition. Emergency medicine (EM) residents should develop expertise and efficiency in geriatric care. Older adults represent over 25% of most emergency department (ED) volumes. Yet many EM residencies lack curricula or assessment tools for competent geriatric care. Fully educating residents in emergency geriatric care can demand large amounts of limited conference time. The Geriatric Emergency Medicine Competencies (GEMC) are high-impact geriatric topics developed to help residencies efficiently and effectively meet this training demand. This study examines if a 2-hour didactic intervention can significantly improve resident knowledge in 7 key domains as identified by the GEMC across multiple programs. Methods A validated 29-question didactic test was administered at six EM residencies before and after a GEMC-focused lecture delivered in summer and fall of 2009. We analyzed scores as individual questions and in defined topic domains using a paired student t test. Results A total of 301 exams were administered; 86 to PGY1, 88 to PGY2, 86 to PGY3, and 41 to PGY4 residents. The testing of didactic knowledge before and after the GEMC educational intervention had high internal reliability (87.9%). The intervention significantly improved scores in all 7 GEMC domains (improvement 13.5% to 34.6%; p<0.001). For all questions, the improvement was 23% (37.8% pre, 60.8% post; P<0.001) Graded increase in geriatric knowledge occurred by PGY year with the greatest improvement post intervention seen at the PGY 3 level (PGY1 19.1% versus PGY3 27.1%). Conclusion A brief GEMC intervention had a significant impact on EM resident knowledge of critical geriatric topics. Lectures based on the GEMC can be a high-yield tool to enhance resident knowledge of geriatric emergency care. Formal GEMC curriculum should be considered in training EM residents for the demands of an aging population. PMID:25035745

Hogan, Teresita M.; Hansoti, Bhakti; Chan, Shu B.

2014-01-01

258

Agent-based modeling of competence phenotype switching in Bacillus subtilis  

PubMed Central

Background It is a fascinating phenomenon that in genetically identical bacteria populations of Bacillus subtilis, a distinct DNA uptake phenotype called the competence phenotype may emerge in 10–20% of the population. Many aspects of the phenomenon are believed to be due to the variable expression of critical genes: a stochastic occurrence termed “noise” which has made the phenomenon difficult to examine directly by lab experimentation. Methods To capture and model noise in this system and further understand the emergence of competence both at the intracellular and culture levels in B. subtilis, we developed a novel multi-scale, agent-based model. At the intracellular level, our model recreates the regulatory network involved in the competence phenotype. At the culture level, we simulated growth conditions, with our multi-scale model providing feedback between the two levels. Results Our model predicted three potential sources of genetic “noise”. First, the random spatial arrangement of molecules may influence the manifestation of the competence phenotype. In addition, the evidence suggests that there may be a type of epigenetic heritability to the emergence of competence, influenced by the molecular concentrations of key competence molecules inherited through cell division. Finally, the emergence of competence during the stationary phase may in part be due to the dilution effect of cell division upon protein concentrations. Conclusions The competence phenotype was easily translated into an agent-based model – one with the ability to illuminate complex cell behavior. Models such as the one described in this paper can simulate cell behavior that is otherwise unobservable in vivo, highlighting their potential usefulness as research tools. PMID:23551850

2013-01-01

259

Simulation-based training for colonoscopy: establishing criteria for competency.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to create simulation-based tests with credible pass/fail standards for 2 different fidelities of colonoscopy models. Only competent practitioners should perform colonoscopy. Reliable and valid simulation-based tests could be used to establish basic competency in colonoscopy before practicing on patients. Twenty-five physicians (10 consultants with endoscopic experience and 15 fellows with very little endoscopic experience) were tested on 2 different simulator models: a virtual-reality simulator and a physical model. Tests were repeated twice on each simulator model. Metrics with discriminatory ability were identified for both modalities and reliability was determined. The contrasting-groups method was used to create pass/fail standards and the consequences of these were explored. The consultants significantly performed faster and scored higher than the fellows on both the models (P?based modalities provided reliable and valid assessments of competence in colonoscopy and credible pass/fail standards were established for both the tests. We propose to use these standards in simulation-based training programs before proceeding to supervised training on patients. PMID:25634177

Preisler, Louise; Svendsen, Morten Bo Søndergaard; Nerup, Nikolaj; Svendsen, Lars Bo; Konge, Lars

2015-01-01

260

Addressing Affective Performance. Implementing Competency Based Education in Community Colleges, 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a series on implementing competency-based education, this monograph provides guidelines for developing and using affective performance objectives. After the characteristics of affective, cognitive, and psychomotor objectives are summarized, a discussion is presented of the skepticism many instructors feel toward the evaluation of areas…

Dewald, Margaret R.; And Others

261

Task Listing for Piano Technology for the Visually Impaired. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task listing was developed for use in Piano Technology, a course offered to visually impaired students at the Virginia School for the Deaf and Blind. The listing is intended to be used with the "Trade and Industrial Education Service Area Resource Guide" in the implementation of competency-based education for this population. The major…

Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond. Div. of Vocational and Adult Education.

262

A Competency-Based Medical Student Curriculum Targeting Key Geriatric Syndromes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Miami Miller School of Medicine (UMMSM) has developed and implemented a competency-based undergraduate medical education (UME) curriculum that targets 61 learning objectives for three geriattic syndromes: dementia, falls, and delirium. This curriculum redesign changed the educational focus from what is taught to what is learned.…

van Zuilen, Maria H.; Rodriguez, Osvaldo; Mintzer, Michael J.; Paniagua, Miguel A.; Milanez, Marcos N.; Ruiz, Jorge G.; Kaiser, Robert M.; Roos, Bernard A.

2008-01-01

263

United States History. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Proejct.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on United States history is divided into twenty-four topics. The topics included are: Backgrounds of American Colonization; Colonial Life; Causes of the American Revolution; Creating a New…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

264

Competency Based Curriculum Guide for Practical Nursing Education in Virginia. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report contains a three-page narrative and extensive appendixes, including correspondence, surveys, field test evaluation and guide, and the Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Practical Nursing Education in Virginia developed by the project. The over 200-page curriculum guide presents a suggested master curriculum for a twelve or…

Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA. Dept. of Industrial Arts Education.

265

Earth and Physical Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on earth and physical science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, Natural Disasters, Chemical Reaction, Laboratory, States of Matter, Force and…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

266

Supporting Representational Competence in High School Biology with Computer-Based Biomolecular Visualizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the effectiveness of computer-based biomolecular visualization activities on the development of high school biology students' representational competence as a means of understanding and visualizing protein structure/function relationships. Also assessed were students' attitudes toward these activities. Sixty-nine students…

Wilder, Anna; Brinkerhoff, Jonathan

2007-01-01

267

Counselor Development in the Process of Mastering Cultural Competence: A Study of Professional Growth Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Grounded theory methodology was employed to explore the experiences of counseling professionals as they work to develop a higher level of cultural competence. Three key findings support the core theme, navigating change toward cultural competent practices: (1) environmental awareness; (2) dispositions toward the development in cultural competency

Wakefield, Marie A.

2012-01-01

268

Adult Education and Critical Identity Development: From a Deficiency Orientation towards a Competency Orientation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emphasis in adult education on qualifications and competence stigmatizes disadvantaged groups with a deficient identity. However, cultural studies indicate that people are competent developers of their own identities, who contribute to social life in a wide variety of contexts. (SK)

Jansen, Theo; Wildemeersch, Danny

1996-01-01

269

Developing nurse educator competency in the pedagogy of simulation.  

PubMed

Faculty development is needed for nurse educators to effectively use simulation as a learning tool. A synthesis of research evidence regarding current practices in preparing educators to use simulation provided a foundation for faculty development. Implementation of a two-pronged approach within a regional collaboration of four schools of nursing is described; results of the evaluation of the approaches are presented. Use of the National League for Nursing Core Competencies of Nurse Educators as the organizing framework and Roger's Diffusion of Innovations Model as the theoretical framework is discussed. An overview is provided of the two prongs: (a) a short course for novice educators, and (b) examples of continuing education programming for experienced faculty members new to simulation to enhance effective application of this pedagogy. Recommendations include designing faculty development for simulation within a framework for systems change, maintaining flexibility to meet diverse needs, and using existing online resources. PMID:23110325

McNeill, Jeanette; Parker, Ramona Ann; Nadeau, Julie; Pelayo, Lula W; Cook, Jennifer

2012-12-01

270

Aspects of Competence-Based Education as Footholds to Improve the Connectivity Between Learning in School and in the Workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in competence-based education have motivated institutions of vocational education and training (VET) to\\u000a improve the links or connectivity between learning in school and learning in the workplace, which has been a problem for decades.\\u000a In previous research, a theoretical framework describing the underlying aspects of competence-based education was developed.\\u000a In this study, three aspects of this framework were

Renate Wesselink; Cees de Jong; Harm J. A. Biemans

2010-01-01

271

Competencies: a new sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outlines the processes involved in the development of a competency based framework for use by middle managers of three-star Irish hotels within rooms division and the food and beverage department. Secondary research provides an overview of existing generic competency models. Competency models and frameworks have been applied and customised across a broad range of industry sectors. Seeks to address the

Monica Brophy; Tony Kiely

2002-01-01

272

A Financial Aid Competency Model for Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores the competencies that financial aid officers need to be successful in their jobs. A survey of 30 competencies was distributed to 508 financial aid officers in the Western United States. Respondents were asked to rate 30 job competencies for their relative importance and frequency of use. Using exploratory factor analysis,…

Woolf, Neil; Martinez, Mario

2013-01-01

273

Developing a Tool to Assess Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Hospitalization (KATOC): Reliability and Validity  

PubMed Central

Objective The justification of informed consent requires that a patient be provided with the information necessary for deciding treatment and able to use such information based on reasonable thinking. The clinical decision to consider anyone who has mental disorder as incompetence without objective assessment does not only encroach human rights of the persons with mental illness, but seriously prevent them from being recovered. Hence the objective assessment of competency is needed in mental health. Our study aimed to develop the Korean Tool of Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Hospitalization and to analyze the reliability and validity of this tool. Methods Totally 98 patients with mental illness who were hospitalized in mental hospital, participated in this study. For the subjects a questionnaire composing of 22 questions of understanding, appreciation, reasoning and expression of a choice was used. To investigate validity of this tool, MMSE-K, insight test, estimated IQ, BPRS were conducted. Its reliability and usefulness were examined with Cronbach's alpha, ICC and ROC analysis respectively and criterion related validation performed. Results As results, this tool shows that agreement between raters is relatively high and the confirmatory factor analysis for constructive validation shows that the tool is valid. Also, for criterion related validation, estimated IQ, insight and MMSE are significantly correlated to understanding, appreciation and reasoning. However competence to express a choice did not show any significant correlation with criterion variables, nor showed BPRS any significant correlation with sub-competences. Conclusion Our study developed the Korean Tool of Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Admission Treatment in the Mentally Ill, verified the reliability and validity of the tool and analyzed the optimum cutoff to distinguish between competence and incompetence in sub-competences. Korean Assessment Tool of Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Hospitalization (KATOC), analyzed the reliability and validity of this tool and presented the cutoff points by subarea. As a result, the reliability and validity of satisfactory levels were verified, the ROC analysis was implemented based on the clinical assessment and the cutoff points were found in understanding, appreciation, expression of a choice and reasoning. Such findings showed that the tool developed by researchers could be very favorably used in Korea. PMID:21519535

Seo, Mi Kyung; Kim, Seung Hyun

2011-01-01

274

When Failure Is Not An Option: Designing Competency-Based Pathways for Next Generation Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploration into competency-based innovation at the school, district, and state levels suggests that competency-based pathways are a re-engineering of this nation's education system around learning--a re-engineering designed for success in which failure is no longer an option. Competency-based approaches build upon standards reforms, offering…

Sturgis, Chris; Patrick, Susan

2010-01-01

275

The CB Reader. A Guide to Understanding the Competency-Based Adult Education Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains eleven exemplary articles that focus on topics related to competency-based adult education. Among the articles included are (1) Competency Based Education: Is It Applicable to Adult Education Programs?, by James E. Hertling; (2) What Adult Performance Level Is--and Is Not, by William G. Spady; (3) Competency Based

Parker, James T., Ed.; Taylor, Paul G., Ed.

276

A Multicultural Competencies Approach to Developing Human Capital Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The globalisation phenomenon has been prevalent since the last decade of 20th century and remains a significant factor influencing both organisations and individuals today. Within a globalised business environment the effective management of multicultural aspects and differences has become imperative to ensure success. It is increasingly evident there is a need to develop a clear understanding of multicultural competencies in order to fully develop a strategic approach to human capital management (HCM). The adoption of a strategic approach is necessary to ensure a focus on the issues critical to success and competitive advantage including multicultural management, professional skills and knowledge management. This paper aims to identify the importance of intercultural management and the impact of globalisation upon international business.

Woolliscroft, Paul; Cagá?ová, Dagmar; ?ambál, Miloš; Šef?íková, Miriam; Kamenova, Joana Valery

2012-12-01

277

Developing a competency framework for U.S. state food and feed testing laboratory personnel.  

PubMed

A competency-based training curriculum framework for U.S. state food and feed testing laboratories personnel is being developed by the International Food Protection Training Institute (IFPTI) and three partners. The framework will help laboratories catalog existing training courses/modules, identify training gaps, inform training curricula, and create career-spanning professional development learning paths, ensuring consistent performance expectations and increasing confidence in shared test results. Ultimately, the framework will aid laboratories in meeting the requirements of ISO/IEC 17025 (2005) international accreditation and the U.S. Food Safety Modernization Act (U.S. Public Law 111-353). In collaboration with the Association of Food and Drug Officials, the Association of Public Health Laboratories, and the Association of American Feed Control Officials, IFPTI is carrying out the project in two phases. In 2013, an expert panel of seven subject matter experts developed competency and curriculum frameworks for five professional levels (entry, mid-level, expert, supervisor/manager, and senior administration) across four competency domains (technical, communication, programmatic, and leadership) including approximately 80 competencies. In 2014 the expert panel will elicit feedback from peers and finalize the framework. PMID:25051623

Kaml, Craig; Weiss, Christopher C; Dezendorf, Paul; Ishida, Maria; Rice, Daniel H; Klein, Ron; Salfinger, Yvonne

2014-01-01

278

Empathy development in adolescence predicts social competencies in adulthood.  

PubMed

This 23-year study explored the predictive associations between empathy development in adolescence and self-reported social competencies and outcomes in adulthood. Participants were 1,527 adults aged 35 years (48.3% female). The predictor variable (adolescent empathy) was measured yearly at the ages of 12 to 16 years. The outcome variables (adult empathy, communication skills, social integration, relationship satisfaction, and conflicts in relationships) were measured at the age of 35 years. Five important results stand out. First, longitudinal measurement invariance was established for the measure of adolescent empathy. Second, empathy tended to increase during the adolescent years. Third, significant interindividual differences in level and change of adolescent empathy were found. Fourth, gender was related to level of adolescent empathy, favoring girls over boys. Fifth, not only level but also change in adolescent empathy predicted individual differences in social competencies in adulthood two decades later. These findings demonstrate that developmental processes that are relevant for adjustment reveal long-term social consequences beyond the adolescent years. PMID:24684661

Allemand, Mathias; Steiger, Andrea E; Fend, Helmut A

2015-04-01

279

Science Teacher Competencies in a Knowledged Based Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science teachers' competencies are analyzed in this paper. The importance of teachers' competencies is underlined and also the importance of competencies in so called "good practices" obtaining, is studied. The definition of science teachers competencies and their taxonomy are very important in understanding the educational…

Naumescu, Adrienne Kozan

2008-01-01

280

How Preschoolers' Social-Emotional Learning Predicts Their Early School Success: Developing Theory-Promoting, Competency-Based Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting on positive trajectories at school entry is important for children's later academic success. Using partial least squares, we sought to specify interrelations among all theory-based components of social-emotional learning (SEL), and their ability to predict later classroom adjustment and academic readiness in a modelling context.…

Denham, Susanne A.; Bassett, Hideko H.; Zinsser, Katherine; Wyatt, Todd M.

2014-01-01

281

Learning processes of students in competence-based pre-vocational secondary education: relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate relations between goal orientations, information processing strategies and development of conceptual knowledge of pre-vocational secondary education students (n=719; 14 schools). Students? preferences for certain types of goals and information processing strategies were examined using questionnaires. Conceptual knowledge was investigated by having students create concept maps before and after a learning project. Structural

M. Koopman; Brok den P; D. Beijaard; P. Teune

2011-01-01

282

Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what measures,…

Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

2013-01-01

283

A Systematic Review of Developing Team Competencies in Information Systems Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to work effectively in teams has been a key competence for information systems engineers for a long time. Gradually, more attention is being paid to developing this generic competence as part of academic curricula, resulting in two questions: how to best promote team competencies and how to implement team projects successfully. These…

Figl, Kathrin

2010-01-01

284

Developing Performance Management Competence: An Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students' performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback,…

Mumford, Troy V.

2009-01-01

285

A Cube Model for Competency Development: Implications for Psychology Educators and Regulators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a conceptual framework for training in professional psychology focused on the construct of competency. The authors present a 3-dimensional competency model delineating the domains of knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that serve as the foundation required of all psychologists, the domains of functional competencies that broadly define what psychologists do, and the stages of professional development from

Emil Rodolfa; Russ Bent; Elena Eisman; Paul Nelson; Lynn Rehm; Pierre Ritchie

2005-01-01

286

Increasing School Success Through Partnership-Based Family Competency Training  

PubMed Central

An expanding body of research suggests an important role for parent or family competency training in children’s social-emotional learning and related school success. This article summarizes a test of a longitudinal model examining partnership-based family competency training effects on academic success in a general population. Specifically, it examines indirect effects of the Iowa Strengthening Families Program (ISFP) on school engagement in 8th grade and academic success in the 12th grade, through direct ISFP effects on intervention-targeted outcomes—parenting competencies and student substance-related risk—in 6th grade. Twenty-two rural schools were randomly assigned to either ISFP or a minimal-contact control group; data were collected from 445 families. Following examination of the equivalence of the measurement model across group and time, a structural equation modeling approach was used to test the hypothesized model and corresponding hypothesized structural paths. Significant effects of the ISFP were found on proximal intervention outcomes, intermediate school engagement, and the academic success of high school seniors. PMID:20376279

Spoth, Richard; Randall, G. Kevin; Shin, Chungyeol

2008-01-01

287

Evaluation of Career-Development Student Competencies and Career-Development Programs. A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography has as its focus the process of evaluating student competencies for career development, as well as the evaluation of career development programs. It is intended primarily for use in career development programs for grades K-12. Twenty-one citations from ERIC and other databases include project descriptions, evaluative reports,…

Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Center for Instructional Development and Services.

288

Applying a Web and Simulation-Based System for Adaptive Competence Assessment of Spinal Anaesthesia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors present an approach for implementing a system for the assessment of medical competences using a haptic simulation device. Based on Competence based Knowledge Space Theory (CbKST), information on the learners’ competences is gathered from different sources (test questions, data from the simulator, and supervising experts’ assessments).

Hockemeyer, Cord; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Lövquist, Erik; Aboulafia, Annette; Breen, Dorothy; Shorten, George; Albert, Dietrich

289

Cultural diversity competencies in child and youth care services in Portugal: Development of two measures and a brief training program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few researchers have examined the training of child care workers in cultural diversity competencies, despite the growing number of ethnic minority children and youth in residential care. The present paper reports two studies. In study 1, we aimed to adapt and develop two measures of cultural diversity competencies—a self-report questionnaire and an objective measure based on a case vignette (n=51).

Carla Moleiro; Susana Marques; Pedro Pacheco

2011-01-01

290

From Research to Practice: Developing and Delivering a Culturally Competent Trauma Curriculum for Child Welfare Practitioners After 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the experiences of social work scholar-practitioners who developed and delivered a culturally competent trauma curriculum to child welfare practitioners in New York City in the aftermath of the World Trade Center terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. It explores the challenges in teaching practitioners culturally competent, evidence-based practice in general and trauma-related content in particular, offering orienting

Roni Berger; Patricia A. Joyce

2010-01-01

291

Performance-based empathy mediates the influence of working memory on social competence in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Empathic deficits have been linked to poor functioning in schizophrenia, but this work is mostly limited to self-report data. This study examined whether performance-based empathy measures account for incremental variance in social competence and social attainment above and beyond self-reported empathy, neurocognition, and clinical symptoms. Given the importance of working memory in theoretical models of empathy and in the prediction of functioning in schizophrenia, we also examined whether empathy mediates the relationship between working memory and functioning. Sixty outpatients and 45 healthy controls were compared on performance-based measures of 3 key components of empathic responding, including facial affect perception, emotional empathy (affective responsiveness), and cognitive empathy (emotional perspective-taking). Participants also completed measures of self-reported empathy, neurocognition, clinical symptoms, and social competence and attainment. Patients demonstrated lower accuracy than controls across the 3 performance-based empathy measures. Among patients, these measures showed minimal relations to self-reported empathy but significantly correlated with working memory and other neurocognitive functions as well as symptom levels. Furthermore, cognitive empathy explained significant incremental variance in social competence (?R (2) = .07, P < .05) and was found to mediate the relation between working memory and social competence. Performance-based measures of empathy were sensitive to functionally relevant disturbances in schizophrenia. Working memory deficits appear to have an important effect on these disruptions in empathy. Empathy is emerging as a promising new area for social cognitive research and for novel recovery-oriented treatment development. PMID:23770935

Smith, Matthew J; Horan, William P; Cobia, Derin J; Karpouzian, Tatiana M; Fox, Jaclyn M; Reilly, James L; Breiter, Hans C

2014-07-01

292

Competency-based project to review community/public health curricula.  

PubMed

Changes in the delivery of community/public health (C/PH) nursing have challenged nursing educators to seek innovative ways to ensure that their educational programs produce competent entry-level practitioners. This article describes how public health professionals and faculty from eight regional colleges and universities in Southeastern Wisconsin came together to better understand both what C/PH nursing content was being taught in the region, and the extent to which that content was aligned with the Public Health Nurse Competencies defined by the Quad Council in 2004. Based on self-reporting by nursing school faculty as well as a separate mapping of course objectives into the competency areas, the project found that the curricula of the participating colleges and universities adequately addressed most of the competencies in the Quad Council domains one through six. Competencies in domains seven (financial planning/management skills) and eight (leadership/systems thinking skills) were not, however, adequately addressed and plans were subsequently developed to fill those gaps. In addition to helping each institution identify strengths and gaps in its own curriculum, the project provided an unprecedented opportunity for both public health professionals and academics to build relationships, share best practices, and exchange resources. PMID:24304141

Schoneman, Doris; Simandl, Gladys; Hansen, Judith M; Garrett, Sharon

2014-01-01

293

The Interpersonal Competence Development Project: The Intersection of Theory and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Skill development exercises designed to promote the development of students' interpersonal competence have been the centerpiece of undergraduate interpersonal communication courses for decades. Research suggests that students develop interpersonal competence through exposure to and participation in skill development courses and activities. In…

Graham, Elizabeth E.; Mazer, Joseph P.

2011-01-01

294

Do we develop public health leaders?- association between public health competencies and emotional intelligence: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Professional development of public health leaders requires a form of instruction which is competency-based to help them develop the abilities to address complex and evolving demands of health care systems. Concurrently, emotional intelligence (EI) is a key to organisational success. Our aim was twofold: i) to assess the relationship between the level of self-assessed public health and EI competencies among Master of European Public Health (MEPH) students and graduates at Maastricht University, and; ii) to determine the relationship between different groups of public health competencies and specific EI skills. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted including all recent MEPH graduates and students from 2009–2012, out of 67 eligible candidates N?=?51 were contacted and N?=?33 responded (11 males and 22 females; overall response: 64.7%).Two validated tools were employed: i) public health competencies self-assessment questionnaire, and; ii) Assessing Emotions Scale. Results Females scored higher than males in all seven domains of the self-assessed key public health competencies (NS) and emotional intelligence competences (P?=?0.022). Overall, the mean value of public health competencies was the lowest in students with “staff” preferences and the highest among students with mixed job preferences (P?competencies and the overall emotional intelligence competencies (r?=?0.61, P?competencies and EI attributes. It can contribute to the improvement of the educational content of PH curricula by rising awareness through self-assessment and supporting the identification of further educational needs related to leadership. PMID:24742091

2014-01-01

295

Competences, Learning Theories and MOOCs: Recent Developments in Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our societies have come to be known as knowledge societies in which lifelong learning is becoming increasingly important. In this context, competences have become a much discussed topic. Many documents were published by international organisations (UNESCO, World Bank, European Commission) which enumerated 21st century key competences. The field of…

Steffens, Karl

2015-01-01

296

Bidirectional Associations among Sensitive Parenting, Language Development, and Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid changes in language skills and social competence, both of which are linked to sensitive parenting, characterize early childhood. The present study examines bidirectional associations among mothers' sensitive parenting and children's language skills and social competence from 24 to 36?months in a community sample of 174 families. In…

Barnett, Melissa A.; Gustafsson, Hanna; Deng, Min; Mills-Koonce, W. Roger; Cox, Martha

2012-01-01

297

Programmatic assessment of competency-based workplace learning: when theory meets practice  

PubMed Central

Background In competency-based medical education emphasis has shifted towards outcomes, capabilities, and learner-centeredness. Together with a focus on sustained evidence of professional competence this calls for new methods of teaching and assessment. Recently, medical educators advocated the use of a holistic, programmatic approach towards assessment. Besides maximum facilitation of learning it should improve the validity and reliability of measurements and documentation of competence development. We explored how, in a competency-based curriculum, current theories on programmatic assessment interacted with educational practice. Methods In a development study including evaluation, we investigated the implementation of a theory-based programme of assessment. Between April 2011 and May 2012 quantitative evaluation data were collected and used to guide group interviews that explored the experiences of students and clinical supervisors with the assessment programme. We coded the transcripts and emerging topics were organised into a list of lessons learned. Results The programme mainly focuses on the integration of learning and assessment by motivating and supporting students to seek and accumulate feedback. The assessment instruments were aligned to cover predefined competencies to enable aggregation of information in a structured and meaningful way. Assessments that were designed as formative learning experiences were increasingly perceived as summative by students. Peer feedback was experienced as a valuable method for formative feedback. Social interaction and external guidance seemed to be of crucial importance to scaffold self-directed learning. Aggregating data from individual assessments into a holistic portfolio judgement required expertise and extensive training and supervision of judges. Conclusions A programme of assessment with low-stakes assessments providing simultaneously formative feedback and input for summative decisions proved not easy to implement. Careful preparation and guidance of the implementation process was crucial. Assessment for learning requires meaningful feedback with each assessment. Special attention should be paid to the quality of feedback at individual assessment moments. Comprehensive attention for faculty development and training for students is essential for the successful implementation of an assessment programme. PMID:24020944

2013-01-01

298

Criterion validity of a competency-based assessment center in medical education – a 4-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Core competencies have progressively gained importance in medical education. In other contexts, especially personnel selection and development, assessment centers (ACs) are used to assess competencies, but there is only a limited number of studies on competency-based ACs in medical education. To the best of our knowledge, the present study provides the first data on the criterion-related validity of a competency-based AC in medical education. Methods We developed an AC tailored to measure core competencies relevant to medical education (social-ethical, communicative, self, and teaching) and tested its validity in n=30 first-year medical students using 3- to 4-year follow-up measures such as (a) objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) on basic clinical skills (n=26), (b) OSCE on communication skills (n=21), and (c) peer feedback (n=18). The AC contained three elements: interview, group discussion, and role play. Additionally, a self-report questionnaire was provided as a basis for the interview. Results Baseline AC average score and teaching competency correlated moderately with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.41, p=0.03, and r=0.38, p=0.04, respectively). Social-ethical competency in the AC showed a very strong convergent association with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.60, p<0.01). The AC total score also showed a moderate correlation with the overall peer feedback score provided in Year 4 (r=0.38, p=0.06). In addition, communicative competency correlated strongly with the overall peer feedback (r=0.50, p=0.02). We found predominantly low and insignificant correlations between the AC and the OSCE on basic clinical skills (r=?0.33 to 0.30, all p's>0.05). Conclusion The results showed that competency-based ACs can be used at a very early stage of medical training to successfully predict future performance in core competencies. PMID:25219931

Rotthoff, Thomas; Ostapczuk, Martin S.; Kröncke, Klaus D.; Zimmerhofer, Alexander; Decking, Ulrich; Schneider, Matthias; Ritz-Timme, Stefanie

2014-01-01

299

Improving Global Health Education: Development of a Global Health Competency Model  

PubMed Central

Although global health is a recommended content area for the future of education in public health, no standardized global health competency model existed for master-level public health students. Without such a competency model, academic institutions are challenged to ensure that students are able to demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) needed for successful performance in today's global health workforce. The Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH) sought to address this need by facilitating the development of a global health competency model through a multistage modified-Delphi process. Practitioners and academic global health experts provided leadership and guidance throughout the competency development process. The resulting product, the Global Health Competency Model 1.1, includes seven domains and 36 competencies. The Global Health Competency Model 1.1 provides a platform for engaging educators, students, and global health employers in discussion of the KSAs needed to improve human health on a global scale. PMID:24445206

Ablah, Elizabeth; Biberman, Dorothy A.; Weist, Elizabeth M.; Buekens, Pierre; Bentley, Margaret E.; Burke, Donald; Finnegan, John R.; Flahault, Antoine; Frenk, Julio; Gotsch, Audrey R.; Klag, Michael J.; Lopez, Mario Henry Rodriguez; Nasca, Philip; Shortell, Stephen; Spencer, Harrison C.

2014-01-01

300

A test of the California competency-based differentiated role model.  

PubMed

To address the incongruence between the expectations of nursing service and education in California, the Education Industry Interface Task Force of the California Strategic Planning Committee for Nursing developed descriptions to assist employers and educators in clearly differentiating practice and educational competencies. The completion of the Competency-Based Role Differentiation Model resulted in the need to test the model for its utility in the service setting, in education, and for career planning for nurses. Three alpha demonstration sites were selected based on representative geographical regions of California. The sites were composed of tri-partnerships consisting of a medical center, an associate degree in nursing program, and a baccalaureate nursing program. Observers rated senior students and new graduates in medical-surgical units on their behaviors in teacher and leadership care provider and care coordinator roles. The alpha demonstration study results were as expected. That is, senior students practice predominantly at a novice level in teacher and management/leadership care provider functions and new graduates practice predominately at the competent level. New graduates are more likely to take on novice and competent care coordinator roles. The CBRDM may be useful for practice and education settings to evaluate student and nurse performance, to define role expectations, and to identify the preparation necessary for the roles. It is useful for all of nursing as it continues to define its levels of practice and their relationship to on-the-job performance, curriculum development, and carrier planning. PMID:12790066

Keating, Sarah B; Rutledge, Dana N; Sargent, Arlene; Walker, Polly

2003-01-01

301

Competencies; A New Sector; Developing a Competency Model for Three Star Hotels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a working paper based on a current Hotel Management Skillnet project, which is due to be completed by December 2001. This project arose from previous research by the Irish Hotel and Catering Institute (IHCI), the Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT), the Tourism Research Centre (TRC) and University College Dublin (UCD) into continuing professional development in the hospitality

Tony m Kiely; Monica Brophy

2001-01-01

302

A guide to developing a culturally competent organization.  

PubMed

The journey to organizational cultural competence for a health care organization, educational setting, freestanding clinic, or long-term-care organization is a process that requires the collaborative efforts from people at all levels in every department as well as external consumers such as public policy officials, students, and community leaders. Broadly speaking, four main but overlapping areas must be considered in institute activities and strategies to accomplish a comprehensive culturally competent organization. These four areas are (a) administration and governance, (b) orientation and education, (c) language, and (d) staff competencies. This article presents key content areas and activities to consider on the journey to cultural competence. Tables with suggested departmental responsibilities for implementation are included. In some cases, the journey may best be facilitated by a consultant who is well versed in cultural competence and organizational dynamics. PMID:21235036

Purnell, Larry; Davidhizar, Ruth E; Giger, Joyce Newman; Strickland, Ora L; Fishman, Dorothy; Allison, Dale M

2011-01-01

303

Geospatial Technology Competency Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial Technology Competency Model (GTCM) is depicted as a pyramid with nine tiers. This depiction illustrates how occupational and industry competencies build on a foundation of personal effectiveness, academic, and workplace competencies. Each tier consists of one or more blocks representing the skills, knowledge, and abilities essential for successful performance in the industry or occupation represented by the model. At the base of the model, competencies apply to a large number of occupations and industries. As a user moves up the model, the competencies become industry- and occupation-specific. This document specifies competencies required for worker success in the geospatial industry, from the most general Personal Effectiveness Competencies (Tier 1) to the sector-specific competencies presented in Tier 5. Additional occupation-specific competencies and requirements (Tiers 6-8), as well as management competencies (Tier 9) are beyond the scope of this document. Expected uses of the GTCM include career guidance, curriculum development and assessment, recruitment and hiring, continuing professional development, criteria for voluntary certification, and outreach efforts intended to communicate characteristics of the geospatial field to the public. GTCM users should bear in mind that the pyramid framework is not intended to suggest a sequence of competency attainment or that certain competencies are of greater value or higher skill than others. The body of the GTCM is a table that contains definitions and associated key behaviors for each competency block depicted in the pyramid.

304

Guidelines for Writing a Competency Based Job Description A job description serves several purposes  

E-print Network

the essential functions of the job based on job specific competencies, and · Provides the incumbent. Competencies are identified to clearly define the essential functions of the job. WHAT IS INCLUDED). You should identify and define these kinds of job-specific competencies for each job you supervise

Shahriar, Selim

305

Designing a Competency-Based Master of Arts in Management Program for Midcareer Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a competency-based master's program, students assess their competencies and design an individual learning program, then apply their learning through portfolio assignments in 10 management knowledge courses. Competencies include interpersonal, personnel management, and analytical skills; management knowledge; and career-specific skills.…

Spee, James C.; Tompkins, Teri C.

2001-01-01

306

Theme: Coping with Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consists of five articles on the topic of competencies in vocational agriculture. Topics covered include (1) competency-based instruction, (2) competencies for agricultural recordkeeping, (3) competencies in hydroponics, and (4) competencies in agribusiness. (CH)

Brown, Daniel; And Others

1989-01-01

307

Development of Core Competencies for Paraprofessional Nutrition Educators Who Deliver Food Stamp Nutrition Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to describe the process used for the development of core competencies for paraprofessional nutrition educators in Food Stamp Nutrition Education (FSNE). The development process included the efforts of an expert panel of state and multicounty FSNE leaders to draft the core competencies and the validation of those…

Baker, Susan S.; Pearson, Meredith; Chipman, Helen

2009-01-01

308

Development of Psychiatric–Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Competencies: Opportunities for the 21st Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to discuss the development of the psychiatric–mental health nurse practitioner(PMHNP) competencies. The historical context and controversy regarding the role of advanced practice psychiatric mental health nursing as well as the consensus process of a national panel charged with the development of these competencies are described. Also, implications for education, practice, research, and policy are

Kathleen Wheeler; Judith Haber

2004-01-01

309

Developing Employee Competence. Symposium 25. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains three papers from a symposium on developing employee competence. The first paper, "Coaching in Organizations: Self-Assessment of Competence" (Gary N. McLean, Min-Hsun [Christine] Kuo), reports on development and pilot-testing of an instrument to identify the developmental needs of managers and peers to function more…

2000

310

The Process of Professional School Counselor Multicultural Competency Development: A Grounded Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional School Counselors who work in schools with a range of student diversity are posed with a unique set of challenges which require them to develop their multicultural competencies. The following qualitative study examined the process of developing multicultural competence for four professional school counselors. The four professional…

Berry, Jessica L.

2013-01-01

311

Administration by Competency: Illinois State University's Approach to A Competency-Based Program for Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Illinois State University (Normal) program training administrators of career/vocational education programs includes assessment of competencies of general administration, program planning, personnel, public relations, and student services. Through student/advisor consultation one of three delivery systems (class enrollment, internship, and…

Edwards, Charles W.

1974-01-01

312

Implementing KSF competency testing in primary care. Part 1: developing an appraisal tool.  

PubMed

The delivery of an effective community nursing workforce relies on competent staff. Commissioners will need to be assured that their providers employ competent, efficient staff who give value for money. The Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) was introduced as part of Agenda for Change to identify the competences required, but competency testing using the KSF has not been fully implemented across the UK, and measuring competency, using the KSF indicators, still leaves much room for variation and a non-standardized approach. In the first of this two-part article, the authors discuss the process through which the provider services of one London PCT developed standardized competences using the KSF which were linked to staff performance and which provided clear areas for individual development. PMID:20966843

Bentley, Jenny; Dandy-Hughes, Harlene

2010-10-01

313

Developing high-level change and innovation agents: competencies and challenges for executive leadership.  

PubMed

The work of health care reform and revolution requires leadership competencies that integrate the digital realities of time, space, and media. Leadership skills and behaviors of command, control, and directing from predigital times are no longer effective, given the impacts of the digital changes. Developing leadership competence in evidence-driven processes, facilitation, collaborative teamwork, and instilling a sense of urgency is the work of today's executive leaders. Ten competencies necessary for contemporary executive leadership are presented in this article. PMID:23222755

Malloch, Kathy; Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek

2013-01-01

314

Teaching statics of fluids in bioengineering: a multidisciplinary proposal based on competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this work is to share the findings of an educational experience undertaken by first-year university students of bioengineering, oriented towards the model of Competence-based Education. Different aspects on integrative education pursued in the subject goals are explicitly focused here by designing a strategy within a contextualized and multidisciplinary approach that combines knowledge from Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The topic chosen for the work is Static of Fluids, because it allows relating pressure to its biological effects on human beings. After evaluating a pre-test, new interrelated strategies are implemented. Due to the motivation audiovisuals generate in adolescents, we start showing an argumentative film entitled 'The Big Blue', and continue with different individual and/or group activities, finishing with a post-test to assess the development of the competences proposed. Results are encouraging as regards the level of specific competences acquired and, complementarily, basic and professional competences in general. Besides, the experience met expectations as regards student motivation, interest and commitment to learning, which ensured the path taken by the academicians by means of implementing innovative strategies.

Alborch, A.; Puzzella, A.; Lopez, N.; Cabrera, L.; Zabala, A.; Demartini, H.

2007-11-01

315

Neuromuscular medicine competency in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents: a method of development and assessment.  

PubMed

This project endeavored to create an educational module including methodology to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation residents in the evaluation and appropriate treatment of patients with neuromuscular disorders. It further sought to verify acquired competencies in neuromuscular rehabilitation through objective evaluation methodology. An American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine board-certified physician with 10 yrs of clinical experience in neuromuscular and general rehabilitation trained 19 residents using a standardized competency-based module. The residents were trained through clinical training, lectures, and review of self-assessment examination concepts from the American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation syllabus provided in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. After delivery of the educational module, knowledge acquisition and skill proficiency were measured in (1) completion of neuromuscular history and physical examination satisfactorily, (2) diagnosis and ability to design a patient care management plan via chart stimulated recall examinations, (3) physician-patient interaction via patient surveys, (4) physician-staff interaction via 360-degree global ratings, and (5) ability to write a comprehensive patient care report and to document a patient care management plan in accordance with Medicare guidelines via written patient reports. Assessment tools developed for this program address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. To test the success of the standardized educational module, data were collected on an ongoing basis. The objective measures compared resident self-assessment examination scores in neuromuscular rehabilitation before and after the institution of the comprehensive neuromuscular competency module in the residency program. Nineteen (100%) of 19 residents successfully demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module by the end of the postgraduate year 2 inpatient neuromuscular rehabilitation rotation. Furthermore, the residents' proficiency, as demonstrated by the evaluation after the implementation of the standardized educational module, positively correlated with an increase in the residents' self-assessment examination scores in neuromuscular rehabilitation compared with the residents' scores before the educational module implementation throughout all 3 yrs of training. Resident proficiency in the skills and knowledge pertaining to neuromuscular rehabilitation were objectively verified after completion of the standardized educational module. Validation of the assessment tool is evidenced by the collected data correlating with significantly improved self-assessment examination scores, as outlined in the "RESULTS" section. In addition, the clinical development tool was validated by the residents being individually observed performing history and physical examinations and being deemed competent by the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine board-certified physical medicine and rehabilitation physician. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical training area of neuromuscular rehabilitation. PMID:23128327

Lin, Lei; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Innerfield, Caitlin E; Strax, Thomas E; Petagna, Anne

2013-03-01

316

Competence, Curriculum, and Control.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws upon a case study of a community college program review to examine the application of a competency-based approach to the process of curriculum design. Suggests that competency-based curriculum development shifts the basis for decision making from teacher knowledge to an objectified accounting system of employers and curriculum technicians.…

Jackson, Nancy S.

1988-01-01

317

Competency-Based Reforms of the Undergraduate Biology Curriculum: Integrating the Physical and Biological Sciences  

PubMed Central

The National Experiment in Undergraduate Science Education project funded by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute is a direct response to the Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians report, which urged a shift in premedical student preparation from a narrow list of specific course work to a more flexible curriculum that helps students develop broad scientific competencies. A consortium of four universities is working to create, pilot, and assess modular, competency-based curricular units that require students to use higher-order cognitive skills and reason across traditional disciplinary boundaries. Purdue University; the University of Maryland, Baltimore County; and the University of Miami are each developing modules and case studies that integrate the biological, chemical, physical, and mathematical sciences. The University of Maryland, College Park, is leading the effort to create an introductory physics for life sciences course that is reformed in both content and pedagogy. This course has prerequisites of biology, chemistry, and calculus, allowing students to apply strategies from the physical sciences to solving authentic biological problems. A comprehensive assessment plan is examining students’ conceptual knowledge of physics, their attitudes toward interdisciplinary approaches, and the development of specific scientific competencies. Teaching modules developed during this initial phase will be tested on multiple partner campuses in preparation for eventual broad dissemination. PMID:23737624

Thompson, Katerina V.; Chmielewski, Jean; Gaines, Michael S.; Hrycyna, Christine A.; LaCourse, William R.

2013-01-01

318

COMPETENCIES DICTIONARY Contents Page  

E-print Network

....................................................................................2-3 Customer Focus/Service OrientationCOMPETENCIES DICTIONARY Contents Page Core Competencies Results Orientation/Project Management and Development .....................................................................11-12 Leadership Competencies

Bieber, Michael

319

Developing Teachers' Subject Didactic Competence through Problem Posing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem posing (not only in lesson planning but also directly in teaching whenever needed) is one of the attributes of a teacher's subject didactic competence. In this paper, problem posing in teacher education is understood as an educational and a diagnostic tool. The results of the study were gained in pre-service primary school teacher…

Ticha, Marie; Hospesova, Alena

2013-01-01

320

Freehand Sketching as a Catalyst for Developing Concept Driven Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when concept driven competencies are perceived to be critical in redefining effective technological education, the introduction of Design and Communication Graphics at senior cycle in Irish high schools has broad implications. Students now have the potential to explore applied geometries, integrated with conceptual thinking in addition…

Lane, Diarmaid; Seery, Niall

2011-01-01

321

Developing project management competency: perspectives from the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project managers in today's construction industry are faced with a situation whereby the fundamental roles and functions they perform are witnessing a gradual shift in focus. To maintain their professional competency, practising project managers in construction adapt to this changing industry environment by relying on knowledge and skills acquired through training and experience. The extent to which such training enables

F. T. Edum-Fotwe; R McCaffer

2000-01-01

322

Development of Competence in Dynamic Learning Environments. No. 79.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perspective Text Analysis is a way to measure competence by measuring the strategy of synthesizing, which intelligence tests or questionnaires cannot measure. This paper proposes the use of Perspective Text Analysis in the study of instructional materials. Perspective Text Analysis has been applied in various learning environments, and the results…

Bierschenk, Inger

323

Validation and Development of Competencies for Meeting Planners. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the entry-level requirements for meeting planners. The study benefited from the definition of the body of knowledge that had already been done for a professional meeting planner certificate by the Association of Professional Meeting Planners International. To document the competencies needed for an entry-level…

Walk, Mary H.

324

Professional Development for Occupational Specialist: Occupational Competency Testing. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The organization, scope, and activities of the Indiana Occupational Competency Testing Center were expanded to accommodate the requirements of the new Occupational Specialist Certificate for secondary vocational teacher credentialling. A pilot project involved three regional sites in the state. The director of the host area site acted as area…

Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN.

325

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

326

Organizational Cultural Competency: Shifting Programs for Latino Immigrants from a Client-Centered to a Community-Based Orientation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses how the organizational cultural competency of social service agencies may be improved by shifting the philosophy of service delivery from a client-centered to a community-based orientation. This analysis is based on two years of fieldwork and interviews that were conducted as part of an action research project initially developed to increase the number of certified Spanish speaking

Lynet Uttal

2006-01-01

327

Competency-Based Training, Global Skills Mobility and the Teaching of International Students in Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, all vocational education and training (VET) qualifications must be based on competency-based training (CBT) and training packages. Yet, since 2005, there has been a major expansion in the number of VET international students in Australia, 85% of whom are from Asia. Given this development, the teaching and learning contexts in which…

Tran, Ly Thi; Nyland, Chris

2013-01-01

328

Competency-Based Adult Education Classroom Management Guide for Adult Basic Education Curriculum (Level II, 5-8).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Competency-Based Adult Basic Education (CBABE) Classroom Management Guide was developed to aid the Adult Basic Education (ABE) facilitator in implementing a model CBABE Level 5-8 curriculum. First, introductory material provides background on the CBABE project at Brevard Community College (Florida) and the rationale for the development of the…

Singer, Elizabeth

329

Developing a Professional Competence Model for Nursing Education. Final Report, Research Report Number Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A generic competence model for effective nursing performance was developed and compared with nurses' perceptions of job elements that discriminate outstanding nursing performance and that are critical in the selection and education of nurses. The model is to be used to validate the nursing faculty's existing competence model for nursing education…

Mentkowski, Marcia; And Others

330

Blogging: Fostering Intercultural Competence Development in Foreign Language and Study Abroad Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An essential instructional goal in foreign language education is the enhancement of students' intercultural competence. This article reports on a study that examined how intercultural competence developed between study abroad and at home students (in Spain and the United States, respectively) who used blogs as a mediating tool over the course of a…

Elola, Idoia; Oskoz, Ana

2008-01-01

331

Assessing Instructor Cultural Competence in the Classroom: An Instrument and a Development Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instrument to measure instructors' cultural competence was developed using critical incidents related to classroom diversity issues. Responses were scored using the Bennett Model of Cultural Competence. The instrument can be used to measure the effectiveness of diversity training and can be adapted using locally relevant critical incidents.…

Roberson, Loriann; Kulik, Carol T.; Pepper, Molly B.

2002-01-01

332

Preparing Global Leaders: A Theoretical Model for Understanding the Development of Intercultural Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As globalization increases, organizations are seeking individuals that have developed intercultural competency (ICC) and are prepared to lead for the 21st century. Although there are competing definitions among scholars as to what characteristics (ability, attitude, awareness, behaviors, knowledge, skills, or values) make up ICC (Ang & Van…

Martinez, Cynthia Ann

2012-01-01

333

Perceptions of Personal Agency and Infant Attachment: Toward a Life-Span Perspective on Competence Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because perceptions of personal agency are important contributors to behavioral regulation, they play a significant role in promoting and maintaining competent functioning. Yet, thus far, these processes have been studied almost exlusively in older children and adults. Our discussion sketches the outlines of a life-span approach to the study of competence development by considering the emergence of personal agency beliefs

Martin E. Ford; Ross A. Thompson

1985-01-01

334

Navigating Difference: Development and Implementation of a Successful Cultural Competency Training for Extension and Outreach Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As our world becomes more interconnected on international, domestic, and personal levels, our need to be more culturally competent increases (Samovar, Porter, & McDaniel, 2007; Ting-Toomey, 1999). Recognizing this need, Washington State University Extension sought to increase skills of its personnel by developing a set of cultural competencies

Deen, Mary Y.; Parker, Louise A.; Hill, Laura Griner; Huskey, Melynda; Whitehall, Anna P.

2014-01-01

335

The Development of Academic Competence among Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the first three waves (Grades 5, 6, and 7) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, this study assessed if being a bully or being a victim accounts for an adolescent's academic competence, if selected contextual and individual variables impact an adolescent's academic competence, and if such impact differs in relation to an…

Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2009-01-01

336

Assessing Intercultural Competence: A Framework for Systematic Test Development in Foreign Language Education and Beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of intercultural competence is being increasingly recognized by educators and employers alike. Both in the professional and educational domain, ways are being sought to assess whether or not people have actually acquired intercultural competence. In this paper, a framework is presented for the systematic development of assessment…

Sercu, Lies

2004-01-01

337

Assessing intercultural competence: a framework for systematic test development in foreign language education and beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of intercultural competence is being increasingly recognized by educators and employers alike. Both in the professional and educational domain, ways are being sought to assess whether or not people have actually acquired intercultural competence. In this paper, a framework is presented for the systematic development of assessment tools. The paper first addresses the question of why the assessment

Lies Sercu

2004-01-01

338

From developing to investigating intercultural competence in practice through oral and written  

E-print Network

From developing to investigating intercultural competence in practice through oral and written (Bremen) (Tunisia / France) 4 edutice-00548891,version1-20Dec2010 #12;Analysis: 1 of the intercultural competences of the two students on the basis of Byram`s categories 2 of the students` self

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

339

LINGUISTIC PERSPECTIVES ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE IN TELECOLLABORATION1  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely reported (e.g., Belz & Müller-Hartmann, 2002; Kern, 1996; Kinginger, in press; Warschauer & Kern, 2000) that the goals of telecollaborative language study are the development of foreign language (FL) linguistic competence and the facilitation of intercultural competence (e.g., Bausch, Christ, & Krumm, 1997; Bredella & Delanoy, 1999; Byram, 1997; Harden & Witte, 2000). Whereas evaluations of the

Julie A. Belz

340

THE INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCE AS A KEY ELEMENT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERU  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term «intercultural competence» originally referred to the conscious skills and attitudes that the student and everyone involved in teaching a foreign language had to develop to understand the sociocultural context and decode messages from the language they were teaching-learning, meaning is no longer exclusive to this area. This article is about how the implementation of intercultural competence has become

Sigrid Gómez-Schlaikier

2009-01-01

341

Organisation of English for Academic Purposes Activity for Developing Communicative Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals need communicative competence for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment. Aim of the research is to work out English for Academic Purposes activity organization model and its introducing sequence for promoting communicative competence. Content: the search for English for Academic…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2009-01-01

342

Developing Competence Profiles for Educators in Environmental Education Organisations in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study explores the meanings and possible merits of introducing competence profiles for enhancing professional development in the environmental education sector in the Netherlands. It presents the three most important environmental education jobs and their underlying competencies alongside their core professional challenges, as…

Wesselink, Renate; Wals, Arjen E. J.

2011-01-01

343

Competency-based residency training: the next advance in graduate medical education.  

PubMed

The goal of all graduate medical education is to ensure that the graduating physician is competent to practice in his or her chosen field of medicine. The evaluation of a resident's competency to practice, however, has never been clearly defined, nor has the fixed period of time given for residency training in each specialty been shown to be the right amount of time for each individual resident to achieve competency. To better ensure that new physicians have the competencies they need, the author proposes the replacement of the current approach to residents' education, which specifies a fixed number of years in training, with competency-based training, in which each resident remains in training until he or she has been shown to have the required knowledge and skills and can apply them independently. Such programs, in addition to tailoring the training time to each individual, would make it possible to devise and test schemes to evaluate competency more surely than is now possible. The author reviews the basis of traditional residency training and the problems with the current training approach, both its fixed amount of time for training and the uncertainty of the methods of evaluation used. He then explains competency-based residency education, notes that it is possible, indeed probable, that some trainees will become competent considerably sooner than they would in the current required years of training, quotes a study in which this was the case, and explains the implications. He describes the encouraging experience of his neurosurgery department, which has used competency-based training for its residents since 1994. He then discusses issues of demonstrating competency in procedural and nonprocedural fields, as well as the evaluation of competency in traditional and competency-based training, emphasizing that the latter approach offers hope for better ways of assessing competency. PMID:11112714

Long, D M

2000-12-01

344

Developing Culturally Competent Faculty: A Cognitive, Affective, and Spiritual Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past decade has evidenced significant dialogue on faith-based campuses about the persistent gap between the increasing ethnic diversity of the student population and that of the faculty. While campus administrators and leaders acknowledge the need to address this concern through faculty development, there is a disturbing lack of successful…

Taylor, Deborah L.; Van Zandt, Cassandra; Menjares, Pete C.

2013-01-01

345

Interactional Competence and the Development of Alignment Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on qualitative analysis of conversational interactions collected over the course of a Spanish language learner's academic year abroad, this article explores the development of interactional resources related to alignment activity in the learner's conversational participation. Alignment activity refers to the means interlocutors use…

Dings, Abby

2014-01-01

346

Where do we go from here? Moving from systems-based practice process measures to true competency via developmental milestones  

PubMed Central

For many educators it has been challenging to meet the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's requirements for teaching systems-based practice (SBP). An additional layer of complexity for educators is evaluating competency in SBP, despite milestones and entrustable professional activities (EPAs). In order to address this challenge, the authors present the results of a literature review for how SBP is currently being taught and a series of recommendations on how to achieve competency in SBP for graduate medical trainees with the use of milestones. The literature review included 29 articles and demonstrated that only 28% of the articles taught more than one of the six core principles of SBP in a meaningful way. Only 7% of the articles received the highest grade of A. The authors summarize four guiding principles for creating a competency-based curriculum that is in alignment with the Next Accreditation System (NAS): 1) the curriculum needs to include all of the core principles in that competency, 2) the objectives of the curriculum should be driven by clinical outcomes, 3) the teaching modalities need to be interactive and clinically relevant, and 4) the evaluation process should be able to measure competency and be directly reflective of pertinent milestones and/or EPAs. This literature review and the provided guiding principles can guide other residency educators in their development of competency-based curricula that meets the standards of the NAS. PMID:24974832

Martinez, Johanna; Phillips, Erica; Harris, Christina

2014-01-01

347

Evaluating the Effects of Competency-Based Web Learning on Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of the competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) on the self-directed learning aptitude (SDLA) of college students. Specifically, it seeks to investigate, statistically, the changes in SDLAs at different stages of competency-based web learning (CBWL) over an eight-week period. The sample of…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2007-01-01

348

When Success Is the Only Option: Designing Competency-Based Pathways for Next Generation Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploration into competency-based innovation at the school, district, and state levels suggests that competency-based pathways are a re-engineering of this nation's education system around learning--a re-engineering designed for success in which failure is no longer viable. This discussion draws on interviews and site visits with innovators…

Sturgis, Chris; Patrick, Susan

2010-01-01

349

Building a Competency-Based Curriculum Architecture to Educate 21st-Century Business Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency-based instruction can be applied to a military setting, an academic program, or a corporate environment with a focus on producing performance-based learning outcomes. In this article, the authors provide theoretical and practical information about underlying characteristics of competencies and explain how the Department of Instructional…

Chyung, Seung Youn; Stepich, Donald; Cox, David

2006-01-01

350

Researching the Competence-Based Curriculum: Preface to a Case Study of Four Urban Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory article accompanies three further articles forming a case study research project undertaken to describe the experience of four urban secondary schools implementing a competence-based curriculum for students in their first year of secondary education. The nature of such competence-based curricula is discussed in the context of…

Downey, Christopher; Byrne, Jenny; Souza, Ana

2013-01-01

351

Emergence and Outlook of Competence-Based Education in European Education Systems: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution takes stock on the emergence of competence-based education in European Union (EU) countries. The article explains how economic constraints but also educational motives led educational policies and systems in the EU to shift to competence-based education. The related instructional frame and concepts are presented, as are the major…

Tchibozo, Guy

2011-01-01

352

Facilitating Evaluations of Innovative, Competence-Based Assessments: Creating Understanding and Involving Multiple Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are held more responsible for evaluating, quality assuring and improving their student assessments. Teachers' lack of understanding of new, competence-based assessments as well as the lack of key stakeholders' involvement, hamper effective and efficient self-evaluations by teachers of innovative, competence-based assessments (CBAs). While…

Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Biemans, Harm J. A.

2010-01-01

353

Competency-Based Vocational Education and Self-Paced Learning. Monograph Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper highlights the main features and proposed advantages of competency-based vocational education (CBVE) through an examination of three competency-based programs n operation. The programs examined are those of Holland College, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada; Northeast Metro Technical College, White Bear Lake, Minnesota; and…

Watson, Anthony

354

Integrating Authentic Assessment with Competence-Based Learning in Vocational Education: The Protocol Portfolio Scoring  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how competence-based learning (CBL) can be organised in vocational education by integrating elements from a holistic instructional design model with recent ideas on assessment. A curriculum based on this model is pre-eminently suitable for an assessment approach emphasising that proof of competence is gathered by having…

Sluijsmans, Dominique M. A.; Straetmans, Gerard J. J. M.; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2008-01-01

355

Competency-based curricular design to encourage significant learning.  

PubMed

Most significant learning (SL) experiences produce long-lasting learning experiences that meaningfully change the learner's thinking, feeling, and/or behavior. Most significant teaching experiences involve strong connections with the learner and recognition that the learner felt changed by the teaching effort. L. Dee Fink in Creating Significant Learning Experiences: An Integrated Approach to Designing College Course defines six kinds of learning goals: Foundational Knowledge, Application, Integration, Human Dimension, Caring, and Learning to Learn. SL occurs when learning experiences promote interaction between the different kinds of goals, for example, acquiring knowledge alone is not enough, but when paired with a learning experience, such as an effective patient experience as in Caring, then significant (and lasting) learning occurs. To promote SL, backward design principles that start with clearly defined learning goals and the context of the situation of the learner are particularly effective. Emphasis on defining assessment methods prior to developing teaching/learning activities is the key: this ensures that assessment (where the learner should be at the end of the educational activity/process) drives instruction and that assessment and learning/instruction are tightly linked so that assessment measures a defined outcome (competency) of the learner. Employing backward design and the AAMC's MedBiquitous standard vocabulary for medical education can help to ensure that curricular design and redesign efforts effectively enhance educational program quality and efficacy, leading to improved patient care. Such methods can promote successful careers in health care for learners through development of self-directed learning skills and active learning, in ways that help learners become fully committed to lifelong learning and continuous professional development. PMID:24981665

Hurtubise, Larry; Roman, Brenda

2014-07-01

356

Competency-based medical education in two Sub-Saharan African medical schools  

PubMed Central

Background Relatively little has been written on Medical Education in Sub-Saharan Africa, although there are over 170 medical schools in the region. A number of initiatives have been started to support medical education in the region to improve quality and quantity of medical graduates. These initiatives have led to curricular changes in the region, one of which is the introduction of Competency-Based Medical Education (CBME). Institutional reviews This paper presents two medical schools, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, which successfully implemented CBME. The processes of curriculum revision are described and common themes are highlighted. Both schools used similar processes in developing their CBME curricula, with early and significant stakeholder involvement. Competencies were determined taking into consideration each country’s health and education systems. Final competency domains were similar between the two schools. Both schools established medical education departments to support their new curricula. New teaching methodologies and assessment methods were needed to support CBME, requiring investments in faculty training. Both schools received external funding to support CBME development and implementation. Conclusion CBME has emerged as an important change in medical education in Sub-Saharan Africa with schools adopting it as an approach to transformative medical education. Makerere University and the University of Ibadan have successfully adopted CBME and show that CBME can be implemented even for the low-resourced countries in Africa, supported by external investments to address the human resources gap. PMID:25525404

Kiguli-Malwadde, Elsie; Olapade-Olaopa, E Oluwabunmi; Kiguli, Sarah; Chen, Candice; Sewankambo, Nelson K; Ogunniyi, Adesola O; Mukwaya, Solome; Omaswa, Francis

2014-01-01

357

Developing standards for malaria microscopy: external competency assessment for malaria microscopists in the Asia-Pacific  

PubMed Central

Background Malaria diagnosis has received renewed interest in recent years, associated with the increasing accessibility of accurate diagnosis through the introduction of rapid diagnostic tests and new World Health Organization guidelines recommending parasite-based diagnosis prior to anti-malarial therapy. However, light microscopy, established over 100 years ago and frequently considered the reference standard for clinical diagnosis, has been neglected in control programmes and in the malaria literature and evidence suggests field standards are commonly poor. Microscopy remains the most accessible method for parasite quantitation, for drug efficacy monitoring, and as a reference of assessing other diagnostic tools. This mismatch between quality and need highlights the importance of the establishment of reliable standards and procedures for assessing and assuring quality. This paper describes the development, function and impact of a multi-country microscopy external quality assurance network set up for this purpose in Asia. Methods Surveys were used for key informants and past participants for feedback on the quality assurance programme. Competency scores for each country from 14 participating countries were compiled for analyses using paired sample t-tests. In-depth interviews were conducted with key informants including the programme facilitators and national level microscopists. Results External assessments and limited retraining through a formalized programme based on a reference slide bank has demonstrated an increase in standards of competence of senior microscopists over a relatively short period of time, at a potentially sustainable cost. The network involved in the programme now exceeds 14 countries in the Asia-Pacific, and the methods are extended to other regions. Conclusions While the impact on national programmes varies, it has translated in some instances into a strengthening of national microscopy standards and offers a possibility both for supporting revival of national microcopy programmes, and for the development of globally recognized standards of competency needed both for patient management and field research. PMID:23095668

2012-01-01

358

Developing interprofessional health competencies in a virtual world  

PubMed Central

Background Virtual worlds provide a promising means of delivering simulations for developing interprofessional health skills. However, developing and implementing a virtual world simulation is a challenging process, in part because of the novelty of virtual worlds as a simulation platform and also because of the degree of collaboration required among technical and subject experts. Thus, it can be difficult to ensure that the simulation is both technically satisfactory and educationally appropriate. Methods To address this challenge, we propose the use of de Freitas and Oliver's four-dimensional framework as a means of guiding the development process. We give an overview of the framework and describe how its principles can be applied to the development of virtual world simulations. Results We present two virtual world simulation pilot projects that adopted this approach, and describe our development experience in these projects. We directly connect this experience to the four-dimensional framework, thus validating the framework's applicability to the projects and to the context of virtual world simulations in general. Conclusions We present a series of recommendations for developing virtual world simulations for interprofessional health education. These recommendations are based on the four-dimensional framework and are also informed by our experience with the pilot projects. PMID:23195649

King, Sharla; Chodos, David; Stroulia, Eleni; Carbonaro, Mike; MacKenzie, Mark; Reid, Andrew; Torres, Lisa; Greidanus, Elaine

2012-01-01

359

Competency-based postgraduate training: can we bridge the gap between theory and clinical practice?  

PubMed

The introduction of competency-based postgraduate medical training, as recently stimulated by national governing bodies in Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, The Netherlands, and other countries, is a major advancement, but at the same time it evokes critical issues of curricular implementation. A source of concern is the translation of general competencies into the practice of clinical teaching. The authors observe confusion around the term competency, which may have adverse effects when a teaching and assessment program is to be designed. This article aims to clarify the competency terminology. To connect the ideas behind a competency framework with the work environment of patient care, the authors propose to analyze the critical activities of professional practice and relate these to predetermined competencies. The use of entrustable professional activities (EPAs) and statements of awarded responsibility (STARs) may bridge a potential gap between the theory of competency-based education and clinical practice. EPAs reflect those activities that together constitute the profession. Carrying out most of these EPAs requires the possession of several competencies. The authors propose not to go to great lengths to assess competencies as such, in the way they are abstractly defined in competency frameworks but, instead, to focus on the observation of concrete critical clinical activities and to infer the presence of multiple competencies from several observed activities. Residents may then be awarded responsibility for EPAs. This can serve to move toward competency-based training, in which a flexible length of training is possible and the outcome of training becomes more important than its length. PMID:17525536

ten Cate, Olle; Scheele, Fedde

2007-06-01

360

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Nursing Occupations. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for nursing occupations is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Following an introductory section giving the philosophy, background, and recommendations for nursing education, the 82 study units are…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

361

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Drafting. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for drafting occupations is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Contents of the guide are divided into eight curriculum levels, and students should be able to enter the program at the appropriate level of…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

362

Intercultural Competence Development through the Global Awareness Program at the University of Kansas  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study is to understand whether undergraduate students develop intercultural competence through domestic, co-curricular international and intercultural programming. This evaluative case study focuses on ...

McEnaney, Lauren E

2013-05-31

363

Competencies of Leaders and Managers in Educational Research and Development. Independent Research and Development Project Reports. Report No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report clarifies pilot efforts which address new problem areas in educational needs. The project was initiated to determine the specific competencies essential to the management of educational projects in research and development. The goals of the project were to establish a profile of identified competencies for use in planning the content…

DeAnda, Natividad

364

Unravelling the genetic basis for competence development of auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A strains.  

PubMed

Bacterial natural genetic competence - well studied in Bacillus subtilis - enables cells to take up and integrate extracellularly supplied DNA into their own genome. However, little is known about competence development and its regulation in other members of the genus, although DNA uptake machineries are routinely encoded. Auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A derivatives, obtained from repeated rounds of random mutagenesis, were long known to develop natural competence. Inspection of the colony morphology and extracellular enzyme secretion of two of these derivatives, M28 and M18, suggested that regulator genes are collaterally hit. M28 emerged as a 14 bp deletion mutant concomitantly displaying a shift in the reading frame of degS that encodes the sensor histidine kinase, which is part of the molecular switch that directs cells to genetic competence, the synthesis of extracellular enzymes or biofilm formation, while for M18, sequencing of the suspected gene revealed a 375 bp deletion in abrB, encoding the major transition state regulator. With respect to colony morphology, enzyme secretion and competence development, both of the mutations, when newly generated on the wild-type B. licheniformis 9945A genetic background, resulted in phenotypes resembling M28 and M18, respectively. All of the known naturally competent B. licheniformis representatives, hitherto thoroughly investigated in this regard, carry mutations in regulator genes, and hence genetic competence observed in domesticated strains supposedly results from deregulation. PMID:25009236

Jakobs, Mareike; Hoffmann, Kerstin; Grabke, Anja; Neuber, Stefania; Liesegang, Heiko; Volland, Sonja; Meinhardt, Friedhelm

2014-10-01

365

Meeting International Society for Technology in Education Competencies with a Problem-Based Learning Video Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Meeting International Society for Technology in Education competencies creates a challenge for teachers. The authors provide a problem-based video framework that guides teachers in enhancing 21st century skills to meet those competencies. To keep the focus on the content, the authors suggest teaching the technology skills only at the point the…

Skoretz, Yvonne M.; Cottle, Amy E.

2011-01-01

366

Integrating Soft Skill Competencies Through Project-based Learning Across the Information Systems Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary Information Systems graduates will be more marketable in the workplace upon graduation if they have combined competencies in both technical and soft skills: interpersonal communication, teamwork, time management, planning and organizational skills. Team and project-based learning can be used to incorporate soft skill competencies with technical skills. The authors have created instructional modules that take these factors into account.

Belle Woodward; Patricia Sendall; Wendy Ceccucci

2009-01-01

367

Universities as Responsive Learning Organizations through Competency-Based Assessment with Electronic Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities should embrace democratic values. Using electronic portfolios, competency-based assessment can enact them. Rather than preset standards, competencies become boundary objects connecting individual student experience to community conversation about what it means to be educated. This article examines this approach in practice at New…

Cambridge, Darren

2008-01-01

368

Supporting Self-Regulated Personalised Learning through Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents two current research trends in e-learning that at first sight appear to compete. Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory (CBKST) provides a knowledge representation framework which, since its invention by Doignon & Falmagne, has been successfully applied in various e-learning systems (for example, Adaptive Learning with…

Steiner, Christina M.; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Albert, Dietrich

2009-01-01

369

Development of an evaluation framework suitable for assessing humanitarian workforce competencies during crisis simulation exercises.  

PubMed

The need to provide a professionalization process for the humanitarian workforce is well established. Current competency-based curricula provided by existing academically affiliated training centers in North America, the United Kingdom, and the European Union provide a route toward certification. Simulation exercises followed by timely evaluation is one way to mimic the field deployment process, test knowledge of core competences, and ensure that a competent workforce can manage the inevitable emergencies and crises they will face. Through a 2011 field-based exercise that simulated a humanitarian crisis, delivered under the auspices of the World Health Organization (WHO), a competency-based framework and evaluation tool is demonstrated as a model for future training and evaluation of humanitarian providers. PMID:24429109

Cranmer, Hilarie; Chan, Jennifer L; Kayden, Stephanie; Musani, Altaf; Gasquet, Philippe E; Walker, Peter; Burkle, Frederick M; Johnson, Kirsten

2014-02-01

370

A Description of a Student-Staffed, Competency-Based Laboratory for the Assessment of Interpersonal Communication Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based skill development and assessment procedure is used in an interpersonal communication course (SpCom 100) at Golden West College in California. SpCom 100, which offers 18 to 24 sections each semester, includes eight units: the interpersonal process, conversation, self-concept and disclosure, perception, verbal language, nonverbal…

Ratliffe, Sharon A.; Hudson, David D.

371

A Guide to Task Analysis for Competency Based Education. Health Occupations. Task Linkage Project Publication No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through synthesis and review of existing task analysis literature, this guide lists tasks expected to be performed by workers in ten health occupations and presents information for incorporating these tasks into articulated secondary and postsecondary competency based educational programs. Task listings are presented for the following…

Georgia State Univ., Atlanta. School of Education.

372

Competency assessment of nursing staff.  

PubMed

Changes in the healthcare industry have created great challenges for leaders of acute-care organizations. One of the greatest challenges is ensuring a competent nursing staff to care for patients within this changing environment (Boylan & Westra, 1998). Patients are more acutely ill and have shorter lengths of stay, placing greater demands on nurses who must demonstrate competency in caring for increasingly complex patients in a continually changing healthcare environment. Competency is defined as "the knowledge, skills, ability and behaviors that a person possesses in order to perform tasks correctly and skillfully" (O'Shea, 2002, p. 175). Competency assessment involves more than a checklist and a test. Hospitals are required to assess, maintain, demonstrate, track, and improve the competence of the staff. Competency assessment is an ongoing process of initial development, maintenance of knowledge and skills, educational consultation, remediation, and redevelopment. Methods to assess competencies include competency fairs, Performance Based Development System and online programs. Certain key people should be involved in the development of competencies. The department managers can give input related to department-specific competencies. Experienced staff members can provide valuable insight into the competencies that need to be assessed. Educators should be involved for providing the input for the methods used to validate competencies. Competencies are an important part of the work world. They are a part of a continual process to help ensure that the organization provides a high-quality care to its customers and patients. PMID:16735851

Whelan, Lynn

2006-01-01

373

Development of physician leadership competencies: perceptions of physician leaders, physician educators and medical students.  

PubMed

Research regarding the development of healthcare leadership competencies is widely available. However, minimal research has been published regarding the development of physician leadership competencies, despite growing recognition in recent years of the important need for effective physician leadership. Usingdata from an electronically distributed, self-administered survey, the authors examined the perceptions held by 110 physician leaders, physician educators, and medical students regarding the extent to which nine competencies are important for effective physician leadership, ten activities are indicative of physician leadership, and seven methods are effective for the development of physician leadership competencies. Results indicated that "interpersonal and communication skills" and "professional ethics and social responsibility" are perceived as the most important competencies for effective physician leadership. Furthermore, respondents believe "influencing peers to adopt new approaches in medicine" and "administrative responsibility in a healthcare organization" are the activities most indicative of effective physician leadership. Finally, respondents perceive"coaching or mentoring from an experienced leader" and "on-job experience (e.g., a management position)" as the most effective methods for developing physician leadership competencies. The implications of these findings for the education and development of physician leaders are discussed. PMID:15379370

McKenna, Mindi K; Gartland, Myles P; Pugno, Perry A

2004-01-01

374

Zoning, Development Timing, and Agricultural Land Use at the Suburban Fringe: A Competing Risks Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competing risks survival analysis is used to investigate tax and zoning policy impacts on residential, commercial, and industrial development timing in a rapidly growing Midwestern county. Industrial development appears both to precede and occur concurrently with residential development, while commercial development follows other types. Although residences appear to locate away from industrial land, zoning decisions favoring industry may attract rather

Diane Hite; Brent Sohngen; Josh Templeton

2003-01-01

375

Building Intercultural Competence through Intercultural Competency Certification of Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Intercultural Competency Certificate (CCI in Spanish) designed for the Universidad Popular Autonoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP University) is a theory based comprehensive plan to develop undergraduate students' intercultural competence. This Certificate is based in the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) developed by…

Janeiro, Maria G. Fabregas; Fabre, Ricardo Lopez; Nuno de la Parra, Jose Pablo

2014-01-01

376

Development of a NASA Integrated Technical Workforce Career Development Model Entitled Requisite Occupation Competencies and Knowledge -- the ROCK  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper shares the findings of NASA's Integrated Learning and Development Program (ILDP) in its effort to reinvigorate the HANDS-ON practice of space systems engineering and project/program management through focused coursework, training opportunities, on-the job learning and special assignments. Prior to March 2005, NASA responsibility for technical workforce development (the program/project manager, systems engineering, discipline engineering, discipline engineering and associated communities) was executed by two parallel organizations. In March 2005 these organizations merged. The resulting program-ILDP-was chartered to implement an integrated competency-based development model capable of enhancing NASA's technical workforce performance as they face the complex challenges of Earth science, space science, aeronautics and human spaceflight missions. Results developed in collaboration with NASA Field Centers are reported on. This work led to definition of the agency's first integrated technical workforce development model known as the Requisite Occupation Competence and Knowledge (the ROCK). Critical processes and products are presented including: 'validation' techniques to guide model development, the Design-A-CUrriculuM (DACUM) process, and creation of the agency's first systems engineering body-of-knowledge. Findings were validated via nine focus groups from industry and government, validated with over 17 space-related organizations, at an estimated cost exceeding $300,000 (US). Masters-level programs and training programs have evolved to address the needs of these practitioner communities based upon these results. The ROCK reintroduced rigor and depth to the practitioner's development in these critical disciplines enabling their ability to take mission concepts from imagination to reality.

Menrad, Robert J.; Larson, Wiley J.

2008-01-01

377

Behavioral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Behavioral competence is delineated in terms of four parameters: (a) Moral and Social Knowledge, (b) Social Skills, (c) Positive Characters and Positive Attributes, and (d) Behavioral Decision Process and Action Taking. Since Ma's other papers in this special issue have already discussed the moral and social knowledge as well as the social skills associated in detail, this paper focuses on the last two parameters. It is hypothesized that the following twelve positive characters are highly related to behavioral competence: humanity, intelligence, courage, conscience, autonomy, respect, responsibility, naturalness, loyalty, humility, assertiveness, and perseverance. Large-scale empirical future studies should be conducted to substantiate the predictive validity of the complete set of these positive characters. The whole judgment and behavioral decision process is constructed based on the information processing approach. The direction of future studies should focus more on the complex input, central control, and output subprocesses and the interactions among these sub-processes. The understanding of the formation of behavior is crucial to whole-person education and positive youth development. PMID:22645434

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

378

Columbia University's Competency and Evidence-based Acute Care Nurse Practitioner Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Columbia University's acute care nurse practitioner curriculum incorporates evaluation strategies and standards to assess clinical competence and foster evidence-based practice. The curriculum consists of four core courses, supporting sciences, and specialty courses. (Contains 17 references.) (SK)

Curran, Christine R.; Roberts, W. Dan

2002-01-01

379

NAIT CPD. Competency Profile Development: A Systems Approach for Program Review Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Engineering Technologies Division of the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) in Canada has developed a systems approach to program review called Competency Profile Development (CPD). This approach utilizes a combination of organizational communication, project management, management-by-objectives, a modified Developing A Curriculum…

Dhariwal, Mave

380

Competency Profile Development for the (Supervisory) Management Curriculum. Marketing Education Teacher's Resource Guide. Competency Listing, Expected Student Learning Outcomes and Cross-Referenced Instructional Materials by Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide for the marketing education teacher provides a competency listing, expected student learning outcomes, and cross-referenced instructional materials by competencies for supervisory management. The first section discusses 1991 revisions to the Missouri marketing education core curriculum for supervisory management. The processes…

Smith, Clifton L.

381

Development of a New O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Tool and Examination of Validity and Reliability Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to create an evaluation tool that would be the new standard for evaluating clinical competencies of interns in the field of orientation and mobility (O&M). Using results from previous research in this area, specific competency skills were identified and the O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Matrix (CCEM) was developed.…

Renshaw, Rebecca L.

2010-01-01

382

Development of an international interdisciplinary course: a strategy to promote cultural competence and collaboration.  

PubMed

Now, more than ever, nurses are practicing in settings in which cultural competence and teamwork are essential to providing quality care. The expectation that nurses provide effective care across varied population groups highlights the need for attainment of cultural competency by baccalaureate nursing graduates. Nursing programs must develop strategies to address this educational need. In this article, the authors share their experiences in the development of an international interdisciplinary course that combined academic service learning with cultural immersion to promote the development of cultural competence and collaboration among students. By developing an interdisciplinary course that is of interest to a wide range of students, faculty can be successful in providing an opportunity for students with varied career paths to be better prepared to live and work in the world's global community. PMID:22964472

Smit, Eileen M; Tremethick, Mary Jane

2013-03-01

383

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Auto Body Repair. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on auto body repair. This program is designed to run 40 weeks and cover 7 instructional areas: use of basic repair tools; metal bumping (theory and practice); metal refinishing (theory and practice); panel replacement; glass work; spot…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

384

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Combination Welding. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on combination welding. This program is designed to run 28 weeks and cover 11 instructional areas: operation of oxyacetylene equipment, oxyacetylene track torch, related equipment, Beverly shears for strip steel, portable welding equipment,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

385

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Fiberglass Technician. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on fiberglass technician. This program covers 12 instructional areas: orientation, safety, introduction to fiberglass-reinforced plastics, hand lay-up, introduction to equipment operation, chopper operation, gel-coat equipment, finish and…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

386

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Food Service. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on food service. This program is designed to run 24 weeks and cover 15 instructional areas: orientation, sanitation, management/planning, preparing food for cooking, preparing beverages, cooking eggs, cooking meat, cooking vegetables,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

387

Development of scales to assess patients' perception of physicians' cultural competence in health care interactions.  

PubMed

This study describes the development of scales to measure patients' perception of physicians' cultural competence in health care interactions and thus contributes to promoting awareness of physician-patient intercultural interaction processes. Surveys were administrated to a total of 682 participants. Exploratory factor analyses were employed to assess emergent scales and subscales to develop reliable instruments. The first two phases were devoted to formative research and pilot study. The third phase was devoted to scale development, which resulted in a five-factor solution to measure patient perception of physicians' cultural competence for patient satisfaction. PMID:22477717

Ahmed, Rukhsana; Bates, Benjamin R

2012-07-01

388

An outcome-based evaluation of nursing competency of baccalaureate senior nursing students in Taiwan.  

PubMed

Limited literature is available for demographic and learning factors related to performance of baccalaureate nursing students. The study aimed at examining mean differences in nursing competency between the first week and the sixth week of a nursing clinical practicum as well as evaluating mean differences in nursing competency by demographic and learning factors at the sixth week of a nursing clinical practicum controlling for baseline scores of nursing competency. A comparative study design was conducted using the competency inventory for baccalaureate senior nursing students based on learning outcomes. Participants were surveyed at the first week and the sixth week of a nursing practicum with 95% mean response rate. Paired t test was used to compare within-subjects differences in mean nursing competency. ANCOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test, and Mann-Whitney U test were conducted to compare between-subjects differences in mean nursing competency. There are significant mean differences in nursing competency in general clinical skills, lifelong learning, clinical biomedical science, caring, and critical thinking and reasoning between the 1st week and the 6th week of nursing practicum. Likewise, type of nursing program, prior schooling, type of nursing license, interest in nursing, and extracurricular activity experience were significantly related to mean total nursing competency. Similarly, demographic attributes (location of school, type of nursing program, prior schooling, type of nursing license, a family member working as a medical practitioner or a nurse, interest in nursing, attributes of preferred workplace after college) and learning factors (extracurricular activity experience, played an active role in classroom discussions and asked questions, academic class rank, and English grade, clinical biomedical science, nursing science, and nursing practicum) were significantly related to six-subscale scores of nursing competency. There are mean differences in nursing competency across several demographic and learning factors. These factors should be given greater emphasis by nurse educators in planning the academic and clinical phases of professional education. PMID:23428366

Hsieh, Suh-Ing; Hsu, Li-Ling

2013-12-01

389

Development of the essential genetic and genomic competencies for nurses with graduate degrees.  

PubMed

Scientific advances in genetics and genomics are rapidly redefining our understanding of health and illness and creating a significant shift in practice for all health care disciplines. Nurses educated at the graduate level are well-prepared to assume clinical and leadership roles in health care systems and must also be prepared to assume similar roles related to genetic/genomic health care. This chapter describes the processes used to create a consensus document identifying the genetic/genomic competencies essential for nurses prepared at the graduate level. Three groups were involved in the competency development; a steering committee provided leadership and used qualitative methods to review and analyze pertinent source documents and create an initial competency draft; an advisory board evaluated and revised the draft, and a consensus panel refined and validated the final set of competencies. The concensus process resulted in 38 competencies organized under the following categories: risk assessment and interpretation; genetic education, counseling, testing and results interpretation; clinical management; ethical, legal, and social implications; professional role; leadership, and research. These competencies apply to all individuals functioning at the graduate level in nursing, including but not limited to advanced practice registered nurses, clinical nurse leaders, nurse educators, nurse administrators, and nurse scientists and are intended to inform and guide their practice. PMID:22891504

Greco, Karen E; Tinley, Susan; Seibert, Diane

2011-01-01

390

Clinical teaching competence inventory for nursing preceptors: instrument development and testing.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument which measures clinical teaching competencies of nursing preceptors. It is necessary to investigate what kinds of teaching competencies are required in modern, more student-centered higher education teaching contexts. Nurses need to possess teaching competence to perform the role of preceptor properly. However, empirical studies exploring teaching competence are rare. Psychometric testing was conducted on a sample of 389 clinical nursing preceptors from three hospitals in 2010. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability testing were conducted on the 53-item Clinical Teaching Competencies Scale. Results indicated that principal axis factoring extraction identified four factors through a promax rotation: Student evaluation, goal setting and individual teaching, teaching strategies, and demonstration of organized knowledge. The Cronbach's ? values for the four factors ranged from 0.82-0.87. The Clinical Teaching Competence Inventory was found to have adequate construct validity and internal consistency of reliability for clinical nursing preceptors to assess clinical teaching behaviors in practice settings. PMID:24787255

Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing; Chiu, Hsiu-Win; Chen, Ya-Lin

2014-02-01

391

Assessing Students' Emotional Competence in Higher Education: Development and Validation of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the development and validation studies of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale (WELS), a self-report measure, for assessing students' social and emotional competence in higher education. Conceptual specifications, item development, psychometric properties, and factor structure of the instrument are reported in the article. The…

Wang, Ning; Young, Thomas; Wilhite, Stephen C.; Marczyk, Geoffrey

2011-01-01

392

Teach the Children Well: A Holistic Approach to Developing Psychosocial and Behavioral Competencies through Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of a positive youth development perspective is the promotion of healthy physical and psychosocial development in young people. This approach consists of social-contextual features (e.g., teacher behaviors, classroom structure, student activities) that help equip youth with attributes, skills, competencies, and values that will contribute…

Weiss, Maureen R.

2011-01-01

393

Leadership Competencies for Academic Librarians: The Importance of Development and Fund-Raising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the need for effective leadership and identifying leadership competencies for academic librarians focuses on the areas of development and fundraising. Describes areas of expertise, experience, and skills associated with academic development positions in colleges and universities as a basis for identifying relevant leadership…

Winston, Mark D.; Dunkley, Lisa

2002-01-01

394

Developing Critical Cultural Competence: A Guide for 21st-Century Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasingly diverse nature of today's schools and the need to increase the achievement of all students, no matter their background, requires 21st-century teachers to develop critical cultural competence. Looking at data is not enough. We have to know who our students are! This book shows you how to provide professional development that…

Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye; Levin, Barbara B.

2011-01-01

395

A Globetrotting Pilgrimage: An Exploration of Spiritual Growth and the Development of Intercultural Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between spiritual growth and the development of intercultural competence through the experiences of followers of Christ working in least developed countries. To address this purpose, a qualitative study using narrative inquiry and in-depth semi structured interviews were employed to…

Eifert, Angela Lynn

2012-01-01

396

Competencies for Port and Logistics Personnel: An Application of Regional Human Resource Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel, a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert…

Ahn, Young-sik; McLean, Gary N.

2008-01-01

397

Human Development Competencies in Preservice Home Economics Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Views the influence of human development content in home economics preservice education (1) as subject matter to teach; (2) as development concepts teachers need in order to plan, teach, and evaluate student educational experiences; and (3) as a way for students to understand their own behavior and attitudes. (CT)

Dewald-Link, Margaret R.

1980-01-01

398

A competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge using the Essential Bronchoscopist: An initial concept study  

PubMed Central

Background and objective Competency-based training and assessment are increasingly replacing the traditional structure- and process-based model of medical education. The web-based Essential Bronchoscopist (EB) is an open access, laddered, competency-based curriculum of question-answer sets pertaining to basic bronchoscopic knowledge, accessible in five languages. The purpose of this study was to use consensus to evaluate whether question-answer sets (items) from the EB could provide material from which to devise competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge that could be used in countries with different health-care environments. Methods Ten junior and five senior bronchoscopists in Argentina and the USA were asked to identify the material in each of the 186 items of the EB as either ‘not necessary’, ‘necessary’ or ‘absolutely necessary’ for inclusion in a competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge. The kappa statistic was used to analyse inter-rater agreement. Results More than 80% of the 30 participants rated 150 of 186 items as necessary or absolutely necessary. Seventy items were rated as absolutely necessary by more than 50% of participants and as necessary or absolutely necessary by more than 90%. There was no statistically significant difference between items selected, based on level of training or environment of practice. Conclusion Consensus among junior and senior bronchoscopists from two culturally different health-care environments demonstrated that question-answer sets from the EB can be used to provide material for competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge. PMID:18713095

DAVOUDI, Mohsen; QUADRELLI, Silvia; OSANN, Kathryn; COLT, Henri G.

2014-01-01

399

Social Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Social competence is defined in terms of interpersonal relationships, self and group identities, and development of citizenship. While the focus of the author's previous research is on relationship and identity, the main focus of this paper is on the development of citizenship. A 4-stage developmental model of citizenship is proposed. A brief discussion of the educational implication of each of the stages is presented. The issues concerning the assessment of social competence are clearly delineated, and the discussion serves as a basis for future studies. Finally, five current issues concerning the launch of the “Moral and National Education (MNE) Subject” in Hong Kong primary and secondary schools are discussed. PMID:22645418

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

400

Social competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.  

PubMed

Social competence is defined in terms of interpersonal relationships, self and group identities, and development of citizenship. While the focus of the author's previous research is on relationship and identity, the main focus of this paper is on the development of citizenship. A 4-stage developmental model of citizenship is proposed. A brief discussion of the educational implication of each of the stages is presented. The issues concerning the assessment of social competence are clearly delineated, and the discussion serves as a basis for future studies. Finally, five current issues concerning the launch of the "Moral and National Education (MNE) Subject" in Hong Kong primary and secondary schools are discussed. PMID:22645418

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

401

How to Help Senior Chemical Engineering Students Enhance and Develop Their Leadership Competence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemical engineering students at the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) have the opportunity to enhance and develop their leadership competence by taking on a team leadership role in a first-year integrated design project. All fourth-year students enrolled for the Project Management in Practice (PMP) course go through a comprehensive team leader selection process. This selection process involves doing three psychometric tests (Belbin, Myers-Briggs, and Leadership Styles) and a competency-based interview with all the PMPs instructors. Finally, a group of about a dozen students are chosen to lead teams formed of first-year students and to manage the design project in which all first-year courses actively participate (hence the adjective of integrated). First-year team member selection is done by team leaders who develop their own selection criteria and take into account first-year students Belbin roles. The PMP course, like the first-year integrated design project, lasts two consecutive 15-week periods with 4 class hours per week. One hour is reserved for the individual coaching process between a PMP instructor and his/her assigned team leaders. Two more hours are devoted to teaching leadership, project management, and facilitation concepts, techniques, and tools. The remaining class hour is devoted to the weekly formal meeting of leaders with the first-year project team. Hence, there is also a vertical integration between the PMP course and the first-year integrated design project. The assessment of the team leaders leadership competence is carried out at the individual and team levels. At the individual level, the following processes are in place: (a) a 360-degree feedback process, (b) project management reports (a team charter and a final report per period), oral presentations (one presentation per period), (c) learning journals, (d) behavioral event interviews, and (e) focus groups with team members. Team effectiveness is measured by: (a) a team climate survey, (b) the evaluation of project products (a design report and a poster or an oral presentation followed by a defense), and (c) focus groups with first-year instructors.

Alabart, Joan

402

Competencies for disaster mental health.  

PubMed

Competencies for disaster mental health are essential to domestic and international disaster response capabilities. Numerous consensus-based competency sets for disaster health workers exist, but no prior study identifies and discusses competency sets pertaining specifically to disaster mental health. Relevant competency sets were identified via MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EBSCO, and Google Scholar searches. Sixteen competency sets are discussed, some providing core competencies for all disaster responders and others for specific responder groups within particular professions or specialties. Competency sets specifically for disaster mental health professionals are lacking, with the exception of one set that focused only on cultural competence. The identified competency sets provide guidance for educators in developing disaster mental health curricula and for disaster health workers seeking education and training in disaster mental health. Valid, criterion-based competencies are required to guide selection and training of mental health professionals for the disaster mental health workforce. In developing these competencies, consideration should be given to the requirements of both domestic and international disaster response efforts. PMID:25681279

King, Richard V; Burkle, Frederick M; Walsh, Lauren E; North, Carol S

2015-03-01

403

Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

Kretschmann, Rolf

2010-01-01

404

Developing Competency To Manage Diversity: Readings, Cases, and Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All members of organizations take part in creating a climate in which all people are treated fairly and can achieve and contribute to their full potential, and where diversity, as an organizational resource, can be fully leveraged to enhance organizational performance. This book was designed to assist individuals and work teams in developing

Cox, Taylor, Jr.; Beale, Ruby L.

405

Competency development in antibody production in cancer cell biology  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The main objective of this project was to develop a rapid recombinant antibody production technology. To achieve the objective, the authors employed (1) production of recombinant antigens that are important for cell cycle regulation and DNA repair, (2) immunization and specific selection of antibody-producing lymphocytes using the flow cytometry and magnetic bead capturing procedure, (3) construction of single chain antibody library, (4) development of recombinant vectors that target, express, and regulate the expression of intracellular antibodies, and (5) specific inhibition of tumor cell growth in tissue culture. The authors have accomplished (1) optimization of a selection procedure to isolate antigen-specific lymphocytes, (2) optimization of the construction of a single-chain antibody library, and (3) development of a new antibody expression vector for intracellular immunization. The future direction of this research is to continue to test the potential use of the intracellular immunization procedure as a tool to study functions of biological molecules and as an immuno-cancer therapy procedure to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Park, M.S.

1998-12-01

406

Supporting Teachers' Development of Cultural Competence Through Teacher Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes how teachers in an advanced master's degree program developed their understanding of multicultural education through the process of teacher research. Using qualitative research methods, the researchers analyzed in-class discussions and conversations, online and written reflections, and the teachers' culturally focused action research studies. When teachers were engaged in research in their classrooms while concurrently studying selected readings

Angela Wiseman; Rebecca K. Fox

2010-01-01

407

Building intercultural competencies: Implications for academic skills development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The transition to university is a new experience for each student, with all students expected to develop new ways of thinking, learning and communicating. Many students (although this is less common in Australia) will also be adjusting to living away from home for the first time and will be absent from familiar support networks. The vocabulary of a new discipline

Patricia McLean; Laurie Ransom

408

Developing Competencies in Science and Maths in Bulgaria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most countries are either reforming their education systems, or thinking about doing so. The EU, through its "Transversal" programme, funds hundreds of study visits every year to enable education professionals to learn at first hand about developments in its member states. The author joined a group from France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain and…

Walsh, Ed

2012-01-01

409

Promoting Sociolinguistic Competence in the Classroom Zone of Proximal Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the microgenetic development of learners' understanding of sociolinguistic variation in French during an instructional conversation (IC) that followed a language analysis task in which learners attempted to formulate hypotheses about the nature of language variation. During the IC, the instructor led students toward a…

van Compernolle, Remi A.; Williams, Lawrence

2012-01-01

410

A Mentor's Aid in Developing the Competences of Teacher Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The induction period is a very important time in the career of a teacher and has a long-term influence on the teacher's professional development, efficacy, job satisfaction and the length of his/her career. One of the key roles in this period is played by the trainee's mentor. This paper presents the results of the extensive project "Partnership…

Valencic, Milena; Vogrinc, Janez

2007-01-01

411

Choosing Between Competing Design Ideals in Information Systems Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whenever information systems are developed, they serve some interests at the expense of others. Just what those interests are and who possesses them need to be understood and debated as they involve value judgments. This paper contends that advice concerning the design of information systems must not be limited to technical design, but should also address what is good or

Heinz K. Klein; Rudy Hirschheim

2001-01-01

412

From Competence to Excellence: Developing Excellence in Vocational Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Kingdom's Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), UK SKILLS, and the Further Education Skills Competition Council conducted a collaborative action research project to improve students' vocational learning and skills through enhanced learning experiences. From February 2001 to April 2002, three further education colleges worked to…

Smeaton, Barry; Hughes, Maria; Hall, Graeme

413

Approaching Competency-Based Speech Education: Standards for Appraising and Building Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency-based education can be a viable tool for demonstrating accountability in speech communication instruction. The objectives of speech communication instruction tend to be based more upon the content than upon the everyday communication needs of the students. Rather than continue the approach of basing instruction on assumptions of what…

Schmidt, Wallace V.

414

Using cloud-based mobile technology for assessment of competencies among medical students.  

PubMed

Valid, direct observation of medical student competency in clinical settings remains challenging and limits the opportunity to promote performance-based student advancement. The rationale for direct observation is to ascertain that students have acquired the core clinical competencies needed to care for patients. Too often student observation results in highly variable evaluations which are skewed by factors other than the student's actual performance. Among the barriers to effective direct observation and assessment include the lack of effective tools and strategies for assuring that transparent standards are used for judging clinical competency in authentic clinical settings. We developed a web-based content management system under the name, Just in Time Medicine (JIT), to address many of these issues. The goals of JIT were fourfold: First, to create a self-service interface allowing faculty with average computing skills to author customizable content and criterion-based assessment tools displayable on internet enabled devices, including mobile devices; second, to create an assessment and feedback tool capable of capturing learner progress related to hundreds of clinical skills; third, to enable easy access and utilization of these tools by faculty for learner assessment in authentic clinical settings as a means of just in time faculty development; fourth, to create a permanent record of the trainees' observed skills useful for both learner and program evaluation. From July 2010 through October 2012, we implemented a JIT enabled clinical evaluation exercise (CEX) among 367 third year internal medicine students. Observers (attending physicians and residents) performed CEX assessments using JIT to guide and document their observations, record their time observing and providing feedback to the students, and their overall satisfaction. Inter-rater reliability and validity were assessed with 17 observers who viewed six videotaped student-patient encounters and by measuring the correlation between student CEX scores and their scores on subsequent standardized-patient OSCE exams. A total of 3567 CEXs were completed by 516 observers. The average number of evaluations per student was 9.7 (±1.8 SD) and the average number of CEXs completed per observer was 6.9 (±15.8 SD). Observers spent less than 10 min on 43-50% of the CEXs and 68.6% on feedback sessions. A majority of observers (92%) reported satisfaction with the CEX. Inter-rater reliability was measured at 0.69 among all observers viewing the videotapes and these ratings adequately discriminated competent from non-competent performance. The measured CEX grades correlated with subsequent student performance on an end-of-year OSCE. We conclude that the use of JIT is feasible in capturing discrete clinical performance data with a high degree of user satisfaction. Our embedded checklists had adequate inter-rater reliability and concurrent and predictive validity. PMID:24109549

Ferenchick, Gary S; Solomon, David

2013-01-01

415

Developing Interactional Competence by Using TV Series in "English as an Additional Language" Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses a combined methodology to analyse the conversations in supplementary audio-visual materials to be implemented in language teaching classrooms in order to enhance the Interactional Competence (IC) of the learners. Based on a corpus of 90.000 words (Coupling Corpus), the author tries to reveal the potentials of using TV series in …

Sert, Olcay

2009-01-01

416

A Study of Minimum Competency Testing Programs. Final Program Development Resource Document.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource document represents the integration of both practice and theory related to minimum competency testing (MCT), and is largely based on information collected in a nationwide survey of MCT programs. Chapter 1, To Implement or Not to Implement MCT, by Marcy R. Perkins, presents a definition of MCT and a discussion of the perceived…

Gorth, William Phillip; Perkins, Marcy R.

417

Developing Communication Competence Using an Online Video Reflection System: Pre-Service Teachers' Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on how the cognitive, behavioural and affective communication competencies of undergraduate students were developed using an online Video Reflection system. Pre-service teachers were provided with communication scenarios and asked to record short videos of one another making presentations. Students then uploaded their videos to…

Bower, Matt; Cavanagh, Michael; Moloney, Robyn; Dao, MingMing

2011-01-01

418

The Development of Core Competencies for the Practice of Marriage and Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a series of national policy reports regarding what has been termed the "quality chasm" in health and mental health care in the United States, in January 2003, the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy convened a task force to develop core competencies (CC) for the practice of marriage and family therapy (MFT). The…

Nelson, Thorana S.; Chenail, Ronald J.; Alexander, James F.; Crane, D. Russell; Johnson, Susan M.; Schwallie, Linda

2007-01-01

419

Using Video Feedback and Annotations to Develop ICT Competency in Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a study that focused on developing Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) competency in pre-service teacher education Units of Study. The study adopted a collaborative-learn-technology-by-design conceptual framework. One-hundred and twenty pre-service teachers participated in the semester-long study.…

Anderson, Kate; Kennedy-Clark, Shannon; Galstaun, Vilma

2012-01-01

420

A Hierarchical Competing Systems Model of the Emergence and Early Development of Executive Function  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function--the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior--in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a…

Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

2009-01-01

421

Supporting the Development of Emotional Intelligence Competencies to Ease the Transition from Primary to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore (1) whether pupils with high emotional intelligence (EI) cope better with the transition to high school; and (2) whether the introduction of an intervention programme to support the development of EI competencies can increase EI and self-worth, and so ease the negative effects of transition. Results suggest that pupils…

Qualter, P.; Whiteley, H. E.; Hutchinson, J. M.; Pope, D. J.

2007-01-01

422

Moral Development in Business Education--Social Conditions Influencing Moral Judgement Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workplace relations like any social relation first and foremost have a moral dimension. Thus, if vocational education sees one of its major goals in helping apprentices to deal with moral issues, one of the core objectives in vocational education is the support of the apprentice's development of moral judgement competence. Since Lawrence…

Bienengräber, Thomas

2014-01-01

423

Service-Learning: A Tool to Develop Employment Competencies for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students will face a workplace transformed even from the one that existed five years ago. Public and private organizations presently require employees to possess highly developed core competencies. This shift in expectations, exacerbated by high unemployment among recent college graduates, has made accountability a hot issue for higher…

Ramson, Amy J.

2014-01-01

424

Barriers and Effective Educational Strategies to Develop Extension Agents' Professional Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported here determined the barriers and effective educational strategies to develop Extension agents' professional competencies. This was a descriptive survey research conducted with a random sample of Extension agents. Increased workload and lack of time and funding were identified as the most constraining barriers of Extension…

Lakai, Dona; Jayaratne, K. S. U.; Moore, Gary E.; Kistler, Mark J.

2012-01-01

425

Social Competence and Eating Disorders: Development and Validation of the Anorexia and Bulimia Problem Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Incompetence at solving interpersonal problems is a possible antecedent of anorexic and bulimic behaviors in college-age women. A role-play measure of interpersonal competence, the Anorexia and Bulimia Problem Inventory (ABPI), was developed empirically and then was tested in two validation studies. ABPI scores for two samples of college women were compared: a subclinical sample [extremely high scores on the Eating

Richard M. McFall; Barbara J. Eason; Christine B. Edmondson; Teresa A. Treat

1999-01-01

426

Empowering students by developing their intercultural communication competence: a two-way process  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a common belief that tertiary students acquire intercultural communication competence through interacting with each other in multicultural classrooms. Much research undertaken in Australia, however, indicates that having culturally diverse classrooms will not, by itself, necessarily promote student development in this area. This is particularly true of students working in multinational\\/multicultural teams, where often the experience can reinforce negative

Carmela Briguglio

427

Professional Competence Enhancement via Postgraduate Post-Experience Learning and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the ways in which postgraduate study in vocational fields supports the development of advanced competences amongst mid-career professionals. Design/methodology/approach: The extensive written communications between health and safety professionals taking a postgraduate course in health and safety…

Chivers, Geoffrey

2007-01-01

428

Evolution of Competence Concept in Lithuania: From VET Reform to Development of National Qualifications System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to explore the development of the concept of competence in Lithuania beginning from the period of transition from the Soviet planned economy and post-totalitarian regime to the market economy and democratic society and ending with the designing and implementation of the National Qualifications System and Qualifications…

Lauzackas, Rimantas; Tutlys, Vidmantas; Spudyte, Irma

2009-01-01

429

Developing Disaster Preparedness Competence: An Experiential Learning Exercise for Multiprofessional Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The hurricane disasters of 2005 and the threat of pandemic infectious diseases compel medical educators to develop emergency preparedness training for medical students and other health care professional students. Description: This article describes an experiential exercise for learning a number of the general core competencies in the 2003 AAMC report titled “Training Future Physicians about Weapons of Mass Destruction.”

Rasa Silenas; Ralitsa Akins; Alan R. Parrish; Janine C. Edwards

2008-01-01

430

Development of Measurability and Importance Scales for the NATA Athletic Training Educational Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed and validated an instrument designed to measure the perceived measurability and importance of the National Athletic Trainers' Association Athletic Training Educational Competencies. Data from 931 athletic trainers and sport medicine physicians support 6 constructs, each of which demonstrates high reliability. (SLD)

Wolfe, Edward W.; Nogle, Sally

2002-01-01

431

Say What?! L2 Sociopragmatic Competence in CMC: Skill Transfer and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More so than any other type of learner error, pragmatic mistakes interfere with the ability to communicate (Bardovi-Harlig & Dörnyei, 1998), yet there is relatively little understanding of how pragmatic competence develops in the language classroom or how best to teach it, and whether relevant skills may transfer from the L1 (Eisenchlas, 2011;…

Abrams, Zsuzsanna

2013-01-01

432

Competencies for Rural Development Professionals in the Era of HIV/AIDS  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of HIV/AIDS on food security and rural livelihoods is still insufficiently understood. It is evident, however, that rural development professionals need to respond to the changes that have taken place in rural areas due to the pandemic. This article explores competencies that they need in order to deal with the complex HIV/AIDS issues…

Brinkman, Dine; Westendorp, Annemarie M. B.; Wals, Arjen E. J.; Mulder, Martin

2007-01-01

433

Matching of Developed Generic Competences of Graduates in Higher Education with Labour Market Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education provides graduates with both monetary and non-monetary benefits. Globalization and technological developments foster utilitarian approach, therefore the transmission of competences that are relevant in labour market is an important target for higher education institutions. The paper presents findings of research on the match of…

Pukelis, Kestutis; Pileicikiene, Nora

2012-01-01

434

Aspects of Inter-Organisational Networks for Developing Firm Competencies - Preliminary Evidence from Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of a preliminary study on an inter-organisational network and the development of organisational competencies among a 'flagship cluster' of organisations. The case study involves a consortium of organisations working on a Government Multi Purpose Card (GMPC) project, one of the various Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) initiatives proposed under the seven flagship applications deployed by the

Aliza Akmar Omar; Avvari V. Mohan

2006-01-01

435

Competing Roles of Interfacial Tension and Surfactant Equivalent Weight in the Development of a Chemical Flood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation focused on developing an efficient chemical flooding process by use of dilute surfactant\\/polymer slugs. The competing roles of interfacial tension (IFT) and equivalent weight (EW) of the surfactant used, as well as the effect of different types of preflushes on tertiary oil recovery, were studied. Volume of residual oil recovered per gram of surfactant used was examined as

S. L. Enedy; C. D. Stahl

1982-01-01

436

Developing Conversational Competence through Language Awareness and Multimodality: The Use of DVDs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The argument for a pedagogy of input oriented learning for the development of speaking competence (Sharwood-Smith, 1986; Bardovi-Harlig and Salsbury, 2004; Eslami-Rasekh, 2005) has been of increasing interest in Applied Linguistics circles. It has also been argued that multimedia applications, in particular DVDs, provide language learners with…

Jaen, Maria Moreno; Basanta, Perez

2009-01-01

437

Developing Intercultural Competence and Global Citizenship through International Experiences: Academics' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International education is a key priority for Australian universities, government and employer groups. For students, an international professional experience is uniquely placed in providing opportunities for developing intercultural learning, intercultural competence and global citizenship. Employers see graduates with international experiences as…

Trede, Franziska; Bowles, Wendy; Bridges, Donna

2013-01-01

438

Automotive Mechanic: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of automotive mechanic. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

439

Lubrication Specialist: Task List and Competency Record. Developed for Vocational-Technical Curriculum Articulation in Minnesota.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for the vocational instructor, the booklet presents a task list and competency record for the occupational program of lubrication specialist. The list was developed by a working committee of auto mechanics instructors and industry representatives throughout the state of Minnesota for use in program articulation between secondary and…

Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

440

The Impact of Inclusion on Language Development and Social Competence Among Preschoolers With Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes progress in language development and social competence among 96 preschoolers with disabilities in inclusive and segregated classes. Pretest ability was the strongest predictor of progress. Other child, parent, and family characteristics were not associated with pretest developmental abilities or with progress. Degree of disability did not moderate the impact of placement type on developmental outcomes, controlling for

YVONNE RAFFERTY; VINCENZA PISCITELLI; CAROLINE BOETTCHER

441

Multimedia Applications and Development: Essential Competencies for Librarians  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Library and Information Science, University of Pune, Maharashtra, India, has designed a special elective course entitled "Multimedia Applications and Development" in its two-year integrated Masters Degree program of Library and Information Science. During the course, various open source tools for creating multimedia content were taught. This paper discusses eight different information products which were created by students of the department from 2007-2009. Each project was designed for special users with their specific needs. Students gained much confidence in handling various media. They got an opportunity to interact with experts in the fields of communication and mass media. Library Science professionals can take advantage of open source multimedia tools as well to create or repackage content according to users' needs. The paper concludes with feedback about the course from students and teachers.

Nagarkar, S.

2010-10-01

442

Outcome (Competency) Based Education: An Exploration of Its Origins, Theoretical Basis, and Empirical Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcome based or competency based education (OBE) is so firmly established in undergraduate medical education that it might not seem necessary to ask why it was included in recommendations for the future, like the Flexner centenary report. Uncritical acceptance may not, however, deliver its greatest benefits. Our aim was to explore the…

Morcke, Anne Mette; Dornan, Tim; Eika, Berit

2013-01-01

443

Assessment Criteria for Competency-Based Education: A Study in Nursing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of type of assessment criteria (performance-based vs. competency-based), the relevance of assessment criteria (relevant criteria vs. all criteria), and their interaction on secondary vocational education students' performance and assessment skills. Students on three programmes in the domain of nursing and care…

Fastré, Greet M. J.; van der Klink, Marcel R.; Amsing-Smit, Pauline; van Merriënboer, Jeroen J.

2014-01-01

444

Competency Life-Long Learning Sub Domain Evidence-Based Medicine  

E-print Network

to the appraisal of clinical studies (2) · Applies epidemiologic terms to benefits and harms as related to the care patterns to assess the value of diagnostic tests based on patient's risk of disease (2) #12;Appendix *CoreCompetency Life-Long Learning Sub Domain Evidence-Based Medicine Learning Objective 1. Identifies

Leistikow, Bruce N.

445

Clinical Competence of Graduates of Community-Based and Traditional Curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

As community-based dental education programs proliferate, so do concerns about the quality of education at extramural sites. While there have been some comparisons of the effects of community-based programs on attitudes and perceptions of competency, there is virtually no information about whether such programs can train students to carry out standard dental procedures as well as if they were prepared

Jeanette E. DeCastro; David Bolger; Cecile A. Feldman

446

Proceedings of the Towards Competency Seminar. A Seminar on Curriculum Development and Evaluation in Vocational Education in New Zealand (Wellington, New Zealand, August 30-31, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings begin with opening remarks that discuss seminar concerns and objectives. These remarks define two concerns: (1) evaluation of the methods of curriculum development and evaluation appropriate for vocational education in New Zealand; and (2) development of guidelines to assist educators to meet the requirements for competency-based

Wagner, Graham, Ed.

447

LINKS from Learning to Life. Competency-Based Skill Integration Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The resource manual was developed by a staff development project that trained both paid staff and volunteer tutors to integrate CASAS (Comprehensive Adult Student Assessment System) as an assessment and curriculum tool. It is designed to assist tutors in linking task and skill competencies. The manual begins with an overview of assessment and…

Roth, Cathy

448

Competencies for psychology practice in primary care.  

PubMed

This article reports on the outcome of a presidential initiative of 2012 American Psychological Association President Suzanne Bennett Johnson to delineate competencies for primary care (PC) psychology in six broad domains: science, systems, professionalism, relationships, application, and education. Essential knowledge, skills, and attitudes are described for each PC psychology competency. Two behavioral examples are provided to illustrate each competency. Clinical vignettes demonstrate the competencies in action. Delineation of these competencies is intended to inform education, practice, and research in PC psychology and efforts to further develop team-based competencies in PC. PMID:24820690

McDaniel, Susan H; Grus, Catherine L; Cubic, Barbara A; Hunter, Christopher L; Kearney, Lisa K; Schuman, Catherine C; Karel, Michele J; Kessler, Rodger S; Larkin, Kevin T; McCutcheon, Stephen; Miller, Benjamin F; Nash, Justin; Qualls, Sara H; Connolly, Kathryn Sanders; Stancin, Terry; Stanton, Annette L; Sturm, Lynne A; Johnson, Suzanne Bennett

2014-01-01

449

Generic Competences in Higher Education: Studying Their Development in Undergraduate Social Science Studies by Means of a Specific Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research into the acquisition of generic competences was carried out with the undergraduate social science programmes offered by the Ramon Llull University, Barcelona (Spain). For these programmes an innovative methodology called "cross-course seminars" has been developed. Its focus is, amongst others, on developing generic competences. In the…

Gallifa, Josep; Garriga, Jordi

2010-01-01

450

EU-Level Competence Development Projects in Agri-Food-Environment: The Involvement of Sectoral Social Partners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The European Commission and social partner organisations at EU level encourage the lifelong development of qualifications and competence. This is reflected in many policy reports and reviews. This paper seeks to show the involvement of social partner organisations at the level of EU-funded competence development projects.…

Mulder, Martin

2006-01-01

451

Building Lifelong Learning Networks of Teachers for the Development of Competence in Teaching in Small Rural Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on ongoing research efforts and discussions about how to enable, through new technologies, the building of lifelong learning networks and the development of competences of teachers who work in small rural schools. Teachers of such schools are confronted with significant challenges, needing to develop personal competences falling beyond the established initial and in-service teacher training curricula. The

Pavlos Koulouris; Sofoklis Sotiriou

2006-01-01

452

Competency-Based Assessment for Clinical Supervisors: Design-Based Research on a Web-Delivered Program  

PubMed Central

Background Clinicians need to be supported by universities to use credible and defensible assessment practices during student placements. Web-based delivery of clinical education in student assessment offers professional development regardless of the geographical location of placement sites. Objective This paper explores the potential for a video-based constructivist Web-based program to support site supervisors in their assessments of student dietitians during clinical placements. Methods This project was undertaken as design-based research in two stages. Stage 1 describes the research consultation, development of the prototype, and formative feedback. In Stage 2, the program was pilot-tested and evaluated by a purposeful sample of nine clinical supervisors. Data generated as a result of user participation during the pilot test is reported. Users’ experiences with the program were also explored via interviews (six in a focus group and three individually). The interviews were transcribed verbatim and thematic analysis conducted from a pedagogical perspective using van Manen’s highlighting approach. Results This research succeeded in developing a Web-based program, “Feed our Future”, that increased supervisors’ confidence with their competency-based assessments of students on clinical placements. Three pedagogical themes emerged: constructivist design supports transformative Web-based learning; videos make abstract concepts tangible; and accessibility, usability, and pedagogy are interdependent. Conclusions Web-based programs, such as Feed our Future, offer a viable means for universities to support clinical supervisors in their assessment practices during clinical placements. A design-based research approach offers a practical process for such Web-based tool development, highlighting pedagogical barriers for planning purposes. PMID:25803172

Williams, Lauren Therese; Grealish, Laurie; Jamieson, Maggie

2015-01-01

453

A model for future healthcare leadership. CHA's competency study provides a practical tool for leadership development.  

PubMed

The Catholic Health Association's (CHA's) study "Transformational Leadership for the Healing Ministry: Competencies for the Future" is a powerful tool for the identification and development of leaders in Catholic healthcare. The study can help executives measure their own performance against a standard of excellence and establish goals to improve their performance. Trustees can use the study to establish policies for identification, assessment, development, and career planning for senior executives. Sponsors might consider the competencies as they intensify collaboration in ministry with lay colleagues by encouraging leadership development or as they participate with trustees in the selection of executives. The model presented in CHA's study is dynamic and adaptable to the leadership needs of various organizations. It should not yield a homogenized view of the "ideal" leader in the Catholic ministry. Nor should it encourage elitism or invidious comparisons between leaders or organizations. PMID:10134187

Nygren, D J; Ukeritis, M D; Hickman, J L

1994-06-01

454

A Competency-Based Approach to Preparing Secondary Level Teachers of Reading: (1) Substance and Content, (2) Philosophy and Rationale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These two papers were presented at a two-part session on using a competency-based approach to secondary reading teacher preparation. The philosophy and rationale of a performance based approach to reading are discussed by Richard W. Burnett. Competency-based courses in secondary reading are contrasted with such courses in elementary reading and…

Schnell, Thomas R.; Burnett, Richard W.

455

Interventional pain management skills competency in pain medicine fellows: a method for development and assessment.  

PubMed

The purposes of this project were to propose an educational module to instruct pain medicine fellows in the appropriate performance of interventional pain management techniques and to verify procedural competency through objective evaluation methodology. Eight board-certified pain medicine physicians spanning two fellowship programs trained seven fellows using a standardized competency-based module. Assessment tools address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (American Board of Anesthesiology Pain Medicine Content Outline). The seven fellows demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module. Objective measures compared the fellows' performance on standardized procedure checklists administered 9 mos into training; fellows in the 2012-2013 academic year also received testing at the 3-mo mark. Support for the assessment module is demonstrated by appropriate performance of interventional procedures, with improvement noted from 3-mo to 9-mo testing, successful completion of chart-stimulated oral examinations, proper performance of relevant physical examination maneuvers, and completion of program-specific medical knowledge written tests. The fellows were evaluated via patient surveys and 360-degree global rating scales, maintained procedure logs, and completed two patient-care reports; these were reviewed by program directors to ensure adequate completion. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology presented provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical skill area of interventional pain management. PMID:25033098

McElroy, Kevin; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Perret-Karimi, Danielle; Hata, Justin; Ferrer, Steven M; Demesmin, Didier; Petagna, Ann Marie

2014-08-01

456

A Position Paper on Teacher Competencies for Cultural Diversity in Connection with the AACTE Multicultural Education/Competency-Based Teacher Education Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of teacher education programs should be to assist prospective teachers in developing competencies needed to intervene successfully in the development of youth from diverse cultural backgrounds. This objective has a number of implications for teacher education programs and for school curriculum at all levels. Teacher education…

Wynn, Cordell

457

Remediating and Enriching Performance Learning. Implementing Competency Based Education in Community Colleges, 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series on implementing competency-based education, this monograph discusses some diagnostic and prescriptive techniques which can be used in the day-to-day management of performance learning to determine which students need remediation or enrichment. Using analogies from detective work, the monograph suggests ways of assessing students'…

Loomis, Katherine A.; And Others

458

Dental Assisting. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Mattia, Nancy

459

Marketing Education. Teacher Handbook. Vocational Education. Grades 9-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for competency-based courses in the vocational program area of marketing education. A background and overview section contains the philosophy and rationale, discusses thinking skills and programs for exceptional children, and provides notes that explain how to…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

460

Competence-Based Blended Learning in Building Automation: Towards a EU Curriculum in "Domotica"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competence-based approach was applied to a blended learning on line distance training in the Euroinno EU project aimed at vocational training in building automation. The current paper describes the experience gathered during the learning process and the definition of the curriculum. A number of issues emerged during the sessions concerning…

Sommaruga, L.; De Angelis, E.

2007-01-01

461

Exploring Agribusiness and Natural Resources. Competency Based Education Curriculum. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide accompanies a competency-based, prevocational exploration curriculum in agribusiness and natural resources (CE 022 472). The teaching plan was designed to acquaint students with career opportunities in these fields and to expose them to a sample of skills required for success in the various related occupations. Approximately…

Lawrence, Layle D.

462

Health Services: Clinical. Respiratory Therapy Aide. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual consists of materials for use in presenting a course in the occupational area of respiratory therapy aide. Included in the first part of the guide are a program master sequence; a master listing of instructional materials, equipment, and supplies; an overview of the competency-based vocational education (CBVE) system; and…

Cave, Julie; And Others

463

A comparison of South Australia's driver licensing methods: competency-based training vs. practical examination  

E-print Network

A comparison of South Australia's driver licensing methods: competency-based training vs. practical Australia, 5th Floor CDRC Building, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Woodville Road, Woodville SA 5011, Australia b Transport Systems Centre, School of Geoinformatics, Planning and Building, University of South

464

Implementation of Innovations in Higher Education: The Case of Competency-Based Training in Ghana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A notable trend in recent years has been the introduction of competency-based training (CBT) in vocational education and training systems in many countries. Several CBT training programmes in Ghana have been accredited and quality assured. This article explores the perception of both students and lecturers towards CBT and examines factors that…

Boahin, Peter; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

2012-01-01

465

Competency-Based Training in International Perspective: Comparing the Implementation Processes Towards the Achievement of Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article undertakes a comparison of competency-based training (CBT) systems in a number of countries with the purpose of drawing lessons to support Ghana and other countries in the process of CBT implementation. The study focuses on recognition of prior learning and involvement of industry since these features seem crucial in achieving…

Boahin, Peter; Eggink, Jose; Hofman, Adriaan

2014-01-01

466

Exploring Agribusiness and Natural Resources. Competency Based Education Curriculum. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based prevocational exploration curriculum in agribusiness and natural resources is divided into the following eight areas: agricultural business (sales); animal science (health and grooming); horticulture (grafting and budding); agricultural products (grading eggs); plant science (germination); soil science (soil acidity and…

Lawrence, Layle D.

467

School Television for Social Studies: A Competency-Based Matrix, Grade 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This matrix keys school films to the social studies competency-based curriculum cbjectives for grade 5. Three television series are included. Emphasis is placed on geography, people, and the economy, but the themes are also related to history and government. The first series, "Across Cultures," focuses on the people of North America, South…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

468

A Critical Time for Medical Education: The Perils of Competence-Based Reform of the Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid expansion in scientific knowledge, changes in medical practice, and greater demands from patients and society necessitate reform of the medical curriculum. In recognition of this, medical educators across the world have recommended the adoption of competence-based education. This is intended to increase the rigour and relevance of the…

Malone, Karen; Supri, Salinder

2012-01-01

469

Cultural Competence and Evidence-Based Practice in Mental Health Services: A Complementary Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for cultural competence and the need for evidence-based practice in mental health services are major issues in contemporary discourse, especially in the psychological treatment of people of color. Although these 2 paradigms are complementary in nature, there is little cross-fertilization in the psychological literature. The present article illustrates the complementary nature of these 2 paradigms. A main point

Arthur L. Whaley; King E. Davis

2007-01-01

470

A Disciplinary Perspective of Competency-Based Training on the Acquisition of Employability Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the changing global economy, employability skills increasingly are the focus of vocational education and training institutions. This paper explores the effect of academic disciplines, students' background characteristics and industry training on the acquisition of employability skills through competency-based training. A significant…

Boahin, Peter; Hofman, Adriaan

2013-01-01

471

Welding. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Browning, Terry

472

A critical time for medical education: the perils of competence-based reform of the curriculum.  

PubMed

Rapid expansion in scientific knowledge, changes in medical practice, and greater demands from patients and society necessitate reform of the medical curriculum. In recognition of this, medical educators across the world have recommended the adoption of competence-based education. This is intended to increase the rigour and relevance of the curriculum, move students beyond a focus on the memorisation and regurgitation of scientific facts, and better enable them to understand scientific principles and apply them to the practice of medicine. Experience from 40 years' use of competence-based curricula across the world suggests that the uncritical application of this approach to the medical curriculum may not achieve its intended aims. There are valuable lessons to be learnt from the history of competence-based education. By taking on board these lessons, confronting the pitfalls of this approach, and devising new and creative solutions to the problems inherent in this methodology, medical educators can better achieve their aim of providing a strong foundation for the practice of medicine in the twenty-first century. It is only through such a strategy-rather than the uncritical adoption of this educational approach-that we will have real movement and progress both in competence-based education in general, and in its applications to medicine in particular. PMID:20838880

Malone, Karen; Supri, Salinder

2012-05-01

473

Illinois Competency Based Education Programs and the Employment and Training Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use by employment skills training operators and educators, this report provides information on competency-based education (CBE) and its use in Illinois. First, some of the main features of CBE programs are outlined, i.e., their emphasis on the interests, needs, and strengths of students and on providing those skills that the student…

Oen, Urban

474

Electrical Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Cannone, Richard

475

Introduction to MADE (Careers). Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is one in a series of competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). It consists of some introductory remarks concerning the course, a lesson plan, a course outline, and four sections of lessons for use in implementing the course. Covered in the individual sections are the…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

476

Developmental and Adapted Physical Education: A Competency-Based Teacher Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is the competency-based teacher training manual for Project ACTIVE (All Children Totally Involved in Exercising), a program designed for training educators to organize, conduct, and evaluate individualized-personalized physical education programs for handicapped students, prekindergarten through high school. The first three chapters…

Vodola, Thomas M.

477

Plumbing and Heating. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Mahieu, Louis

478

Custom Cabinetmaking. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Holmes, Kenneth

479

Competency Based Training Program for Department Chairpersons and Other Resource Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Competency Based Training Program is a three part, three phase package. It contains: (1) a research document; (2) a set of 18 programed units and; (3) cassettes to accompany two specific units. The program phases require that: (1) the participant and a training advisor jointly perform a needs assessment activity and select appropriate units…

Bingen, Frances N.; And Others

480

Implementing Competency-Based Assessment of Prior Learning. CAEL Institutional Report. Florida International University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluation of prior learning for the External Degree Program at Florida International University is described. Efforts in the following areas are presented: (1) implementation and evaluation of the competency-based assessment tool, (2) integration of the assessment process with other processes of the External Degree Program and the entire…

Wylie, Nancy

481

Competency-Based Adult Education/English as a Second Language Modules: Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains four Competency-Based Adult Education/English as a Second Language (ESL) lessons in the health content area designed for beginning level students. Each lesson revolves around one central character who, in the course of the four lessons, successfully performs four life-coping skills: (1) calling for a doctor's appointment, (2)…

Marinelli, Diane, Ed.

482

The Competencies and Characteristics Required of an Effective Project Manager: A Web-Based Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we explore the competencies required for a project manager to be effective in the workplace. We used a Web-based Delphi method to lead experienced project managers through an anonymous consensus-building process consisting of two rounds of surveys. The Round I analysis of 147 respondents, all with 20 or more years of project…

Brill, Jennifer M.; Bishop, M. J.; Walker, Andrew E.

2006-01-01

483

An Example of Competence-Based Learning: Use of Maxima in Linear Algebra for Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the role of Computer Algebra Systems (CAS) in a model of learning based on competences. The proposal is an e-learning model Linear Algebra course for Engineering, which includes the use of a CAS (Maxima) and focuses on problem solving. A reference model has been taken from the Spanish Open University. The proper use of CAS is…

Diaz, Ana; Garcia, Alfonsa; de la Villa, Agustin

2011-01-01

484

Auto Body Repair. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Ormsbee, Robert

485

Marine Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Abbott, Alan

486

Not Just Falling over the Line? A Snapshot of Competency-Based Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of competency-based assessment (CBA) under Australia's National Training Framework was evaluated to provide indicators for improvement in CBA policy and practice. The evaluation included three data collection activities: a survey of 258 teachers, trainers, and assessors (response rate, 43%); a survey of 68 Industry Training…

Dickson, Michelle; Bloch, Barbara

487

Psychotherapy Training for Residents: Reconciling Requirements with Evidence-Based, Competency-Focused Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) changed the training requirements in psychotherapy, moving toward evidence-based therapies and emphasizing competence and proficiency as outcomes of training. This article examines whether the therapies…

Weerasekera, Priyanthy; Manring, John; Lynn, David John

2010-01-01

488

Building Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; a preface; a…

Gudzak, Raymond

489

All Hands on Deck: Ten Lessons from Early Adopters of Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceived value of postsecondary education to economic competitiveness and individual success is driving innovation in higher education. Competency-based education (CBE) is the latest disruption that seeks to respond to the growing sense of national urgency to boost education attainment. The target audience generally includes those adult…

Book, Patricia A.

2014-01-01

490

Commercial Art. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Vassallo, Thomas

491

Competency Based Education Curriculum for the Orientation and Safety Program of the Oil and Gas Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based education curriculum for teaching the orientation and safety program for the oil and gas industry in West Virginia is organized into seven units. These units cover the following topics: introduction to oil and gas, first aid, site preparation, drilling operations, equipment familiarity, well completion, and preparation for…

United Career Center, Clarksburg, WV.

492

Cosmetology/Hairstyling. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Romano, Marie

493

Disrupting the Game-Changer: Remembering the History of Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the changes and challenges that Competency-based education (CBE) has bought to the higher education arena. Cautions are being offered about the most prominent features of the version being promoted today, particularly its hyper-individualization. CBE's recent prominence is due to better technology, a friendly policy…

Gallagher, Chris W.

2014-01-01

494

Fashion Merchandising. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Williams, Edwina

495

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Marketing and Distribution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum contained in this guide is one of a series developed to assist teachers in implementing prevocational exploration programs concerned with distribution and marketing occupations. It is designed to complement the West Virginia "Guide for Establishing Programs of Prevocational Exploration." The curriculum consists of 35 learning…

Kendall, Elizabeth; And Others

496

Competency-Based Curriculum in Transportation. General Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed and written for industrial arts instructors and students, this teacher-developed curriculum offers both a model for instructors and practical guidelines for classroom activities that explore the field of transportation. Various aspects of course design and delivery are covered in the introductory section, including course goals and…

Tennessee State Dept. of Education, Nashville. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

497

Competency-Based Curriculum in Communications. General Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed and written for industrial arts instructors and students, this teacher-developed curriculum offers both a model for instructors and practical guidelines for classroom activities that explore the field of communications. Various aspects of course design and delivery are covered in the introductory section, including course goals and…

Tennessee State Dept. of Education, Nashville. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

498

A Competency-Based Instructional Program for Plant Process Operations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program guide provides materials to prepare learners for employment as Process Plant Operators through classroom instruction and practical shop experience. Contents include instructional goal and subgoals, an instructional analysis that describes development of the materials and instructional equipment and supplies and facilities…

McDaniel, Joy; Mills, Steven

499

Organize the Vocational Program to Install Competency-Based Instruction. Module K-2. Performance Element Nos. CBI 25, 26, 27, 34.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to be utilized as an instructional unit in preservice or inservice vocational teacher education or as a part of a total performance-based teacher education program, this module is one of two modules developed to train vocational personnel how to install and manage competency-based instructional (CBI) programs. These two modules were…

Fardig, Glen; Quinn, Karen

500

Introduction to Psychomotor Skills (NS 117): Competency-Based Course Syllabus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Introduction to Psychomotor Skills" (NS 117) is the first of seven core courses in the associate degree nursing program at Chattanooga State Technical Community College. The course was designed to help students develop competencies in psychomotor skills necessary to assume the role of provider of direct patient care. The course syllabus for NS…

Brady, Marilyn H.; Wells, Tanya G.