These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The paper summarizes a literature review on how competency models can improve HR performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized health-care and medical device company, where the model is being…

Gangani, Noordeen T.; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2004-01-01

2

A Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some of the major issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The article summarizes a brief literature review on how competency models can be developed and implemented to improve employee performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized…

Gangani, Noordeen; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2006-01-01

3

Sustainable Competency-Oriented Human Resource Development with Ontology-Based Competency Catalogs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competency-oriented approaches are gaining ground in human resource development. Key technology to cope with the complexity of fine-grained approaches are ontologies. By having a formal semantics, many competency-related task can be partially automated on a technical level. In this paper, we want to show that ontology-based approaches also foster the sustainability of such approaches on an organizational level by providing

Andreas SCHMIDT; Christine KUNZMANN

4

Mass Screening: An Aid to Competency Based Program Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent suicide is the second leading cause of death in the adolescent population and is on the rise. This study used a mass screening concept as a pre-test identifier of at risk clients for suicide ideation and depressions; development of a competency-based prevention group treatment program, and the post-testing of the identified at-risk…

Siehl, Peterann M.; Studer, Jeannine

5

Development and Evaluation of Nutrition Education Competencies and a Competency-Based Resource Guide for Preschool-Aged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this research was to develop and evaluate nutrition education competencies and a competency-based resource guide, Connecting the Dots...Healthy Foods, Healthy Choices, Healthy Kids (CTD), for preschool-aged children in California. Methods: Nutrition education experts and California Department of Education staff…

Scherr, Rachel E.; Reed, Heather; Briggs, Marilyn; Zidenberg-Cherr, Sheri

2011-01-01

6

A Resource Guide; "National and Regional Developments in Competency Based Teacher Education (CBTE) and Competency Based Certification (CBC)."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide on competency based teacher education (CBTE) and competency based certification (CBC) states that the degree of explicitness required in CBTE programs and CBC programs and CBC systems is greater than in traditional programs. A CBTE program must specify (a) what the learner is to do, (b) the degree or level of competency

Pitman, John C.

7

A Competency-Based Model for Developing Human Resource Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a framework for the design and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for graduate management education. The article also outlines how this model has been implemented at one university in the context of a graduate degree in human resource management. Among the significant challenges discussed are the identification…

McEvoy, Glenn M.; Hayton, James C.; Warnick, Alan P.; Mumford, Troy V.; Hanks, Steven H.; Blahna, Mary Jo

2005-01-01

8

Development of Competency Based Competitive Events in Distributive Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this report was designed to provide competitive events for students of distributive education which correlate with competency-based curriculum. The products which were developed by the project are 109 written competency-based events in eleven occupational areas and 115 performance events in twelve occupational areas.…

Turner, Betty H.

9

A Research on Tourism Human Resource Development Based on Competency Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of a competency model in China's tourism enterprises is still growing. The ability of tourism professionals is the key which can enhance the core competitiveness of enterprises. A competency-based model for human resource development (HRD) proves to be a useful tool to help tourism enterprises to gain competitive advantages. The model is composed of three aspects: professional accomplishments,

Zhaoxi Zeng; Weifeng Wang; Qintao Wang; Meiyu Tang

2011-01-01

10

Competency-Based Faculty Development in Community-Engaged Scholarship: A Diffusion of Innovation Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors utilized interviews, competency surveys, and document review to evaluate the effectiveness of a one-year, cohort-based faculty development pilot program, grounded in diffusion of innovations theory, and aimed at increasing competencies in community engagement and community-engaged scholarship. Five innovator participants designed the…

Jordan, Catherine; Doherty, William J.; Jones-Webb, Rhonda; Cook, Nancy; Dubrow, Gail; Mendenhall, Tai J.

2012-01-01

11

Summary of Actions Taken by Selected States Involved in Developing Competency-Based Certification Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews actions taken by selected states as they move to implement competency-based teacher education and certification systems (CBTE-CBC). Following a brief discussion of the role of the state in developing CBTE-CBC, three major issues are presented: a) the type of consortium procedures used, b) the manner in which competencies are to…

Pitman, John C.

12

Developing criterion-based competencies for tele-intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Over the last 5 years, telemedicine has developed nursing roles that differ from traditional bedside care. In the midst of this transition, current competency development models focused on task completion may not be the most effective form of proficiency validation. The procedure of competency creation for the role of tele-intensive care unit registered nurse requires a thoughtful process using stakeholders from institutional leadership to frontline staff. The process must include stakeholder approval to ensure appropriate buy-in and follow-through on the agreed-upon criteria. This can be achieved using a standardized method of concept stimulation related to the behaviors, not a memorized list of tasks, expected of a telemedicine registered nurse. This process serves as the foundation for the development of criterion-based competency statements that then allows for clearer expectations. Continually reviewing the written competencies, ensuring current applicability, and revising as needed are necessities for maintaining competence and, therefore, patient safety. PMID:24704734

Schleifer, Sarah Joy; Carroll, Karen; Moseley, Marthe J

2014-01-01

13

Developing Research Competence to Support Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes one step in the process that was undertaken to prepare for the introduction of evidence-based practice (EBP) into the curriculum across the Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, and Doctor of Philosophy pro- grams, as well as the programs that were under development, Clinical Nurse Leader and Doctor of Nursing Practice, at the

Lora E. Burke; Elizabeth A. Schlenk; Susan M. Sereika; Susan M. Cohen; Mary Beth Happ; Janice S. Dorman

2005-01-01

14

Community College Competency-Based Child Development Associate (CDA) Outreach Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though Columbus State Community College (CSCC) offers a full range of courses in child development, these courses are not always suitable for or accessible to persons who wish to obtain certification as Child Development Associates (CDA's). To meet these educational needs, CSCC developed the Competency-Based CDA Outreach Training Program. The…

Ross, Betty

15

Developer, Teacher, Student and Employer Evaluations of Competence-Based Assessment Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how different stakeholders experience the quality of a nationally developed assessment framework for summative, competence-based assessment (CBA) in AVET, which aims to reflect theoretical characteristics of high quality CBAs. The quality of two summative CBAs, based on this national framework, is evaluated along an extensive,…

Gulikers, J.; Biemans, H.; Mulder, M.

2009-01-01

16

The Development of Thai Learners' Key Competencies by Project-Based Learning Using ICT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aimed to study the use of Project-based Learning using ICT (PBL using ICT) to develop learners' five key competencies based on Thai Basic Education Curriculum 2008, which consists of 1) communication capability 2) thinking capability 3) problem solving capability 4) capability in applying life skills and 5) capability in…

Soparat, Sasithorn; Arnold, Savitree Rochanasmita; Klaysom, Saowadee

2015-01-01

17

Developing a Competency-Based Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The CompHP Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion was developed as part of the CompHP Project that aimed to develop competency-based standards and an accreditation system for health promotion practice, education, and training in Europe. Method: A phased, multiple-method approach was employed to facilitate consensus…

Battel-Kirk, Barbara; Van der Zanden, Gerard; Schipperen, Marielle; Contu, Paolo; Gallardo, Carmen; Martinez, Ana; Garcia de Sola, Silvia; Sotgiu, Alessandra; Zaagsma, Miriam; Barry, Margaret M.

2012-01-01

18

Total Resolution for Human Resource Development Based on Competency Ontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

While there are various advancement of education system development, an issue namely Interoperability occurs particularly in Human Resource Development, which is the largest obstruction factor for utilizing information technology in HRD. In order to resolve such obstruction factor, we thought that the perspective on the whole education system in designing would be needed rather than one on each piece of

Kenji Hirata; Mitsuru Ikeda; Riichiro Mizoguchi

19

Developing a competency-based educational structure within clinical and translational science.  

PubMed

In the emerging field of clinical and translational science (CTS), where researchers use both basic and clinical science research methodologies to move discoveries to clinical practice, establishing standards of competence is essential for preparing physician-scientists for the profession and for defining the field. The diversity of skills needed to execute quality research within the field of CTS has heightened the importance of an educational process that requires learners to demonstrate competence. Particularly within the more applied clinical science disciplines where there is a multi- or interdisciplinary approach to conducting research, defining and articulating the unique role and associated competencies of a physician-scientist is necessary. This paper describes a systematic process for developing a competency-based educational framework within a CTS graduate program at one institution. PMID:23601338

Dilmore, Terri Collin; Moore, Debra W; Bjork, Zuleikha

2013-04-01

20

The development and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for training in global health research.  

PubMed

The Fogarty International Center (FIC) Global Health Fellows Program provides trainees with the opportunity to develop research skills through a mentored research experience, increase their content expertise, and better understand trends in global health research, funding organizations, and pathways to generate support. The Northern Pacific Global Health Fellows Research and Training Consortium, which hosts one of the FIC Global Health Programs, sought to enhance research training by developing, implementing, and evaluating a competency-based curriculum that uses a modular, asynchronous, web-based format. The curriculum has 8 core competencies, 36 learning objectives, and 58 assignments. Nineteen trainees completed their 11-month fellowship, engaged in the curriculum, and provided pre- and post-fellowship self-assessments. Self-assessed scores significantly improved for all competencies. Trainees identified the curriculum as one of the strengths of the program. This competency-based curriculum represents a first step toward creating a framework of global health research competencies on which further efforts could be based. PMID:25371189

Ton, Thanh G N; Gladding, Sophia P; Zunt, Joseph R; John, Chandy; Nerurkar, Vivek R; Moyer, Cheryl A; Hobbs, Nicole; McCoy, Molly; Kolars, Joseph C

2015-01-01

21

Developing Culturally Competent Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue examines multicultural aspects of services provided by agencies concerned with children's mental health. The lead article is titled "Developing Culturally Competent Organizations" by James L. Mason. This article uses the cultural competence model to discuss an organization's self-evaluation and its planning in the areas of…

Focal Point, 1994

1994-01-01

22

Competency-Based Curriculum Development in Medical Education. An Introduction. Public Health Papers No. 68.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a resource for members of the World Health Organization, this guide on competency-based curriculum development in medical education may be applied to programs for other health professions and occupations. An explanation of subject-centered curricula and integrated curricula is offered, and ways in which these models differ from…

McGaghie, William C.; And Others

23

Identification and Development of Competency-Based Curriculum for Water and Wastewater Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken at Kirkwood Community College to develop a full-time and part-time competency based program to educate water and wastewater treatment plant operators. First, a survey was conducted to identify the job tasks performed by the operators, their frequency, importance, and necessity. A questionnaire listing 651 tasks divided…

Kirkwood Community Coll., Cedar Rapids, IA.

24

Competency Based Curriculum Development for Rural Secondary Schools in Alaska: A User's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The result of 18 months' work, this guide to developing and implementing a competency based curriculum for Alaska's North Slope Borough School District is designed to provide personnel in other rural Alaskan districts with information, materials, and planning procedures that can be replicated and/or adapted. Each portion of the North Slope project…

Evenson, Patricia O.

25

‘In the name of capability’: A critical discursive evaluation of competency-based management development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article illustrates a number of ways in which competency or capability-based management development (CBMD) can work simultaneously both for and against the interests of organizational agents. It does so by demonstrating how CBMD might usefully be understood as both ideological and quasi-religiously faith-based. These features are shown to provide opportunities for resistance and micro-emancipation alongside those for repression and

Tim Finch-Lees; Chris Mabey; Andreas Liefooghe

2005-01-01

26

Challenges in Developing Competency-based Training Curriculum for Food Safety Regulators in India  

PubMed Central

Context: The Food Safety and Standards Act have redefined the roles and responsibilities of food regulatory workforce and calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Aims: 1) Identify the competencies needed among the food regulatory workforce in India. 2) Develop a competency-based training curriculum for food safety regulators in the country. 3) Develop training materials for use to train the food regulatory workforce. Settings and Design: The Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, led the development of training curriculum on food safety with technical assistance from the Royal Society for Public Health, UK and the National Institute of Nutrition, India. The exercise was to facilitate the implementation of new Act by undertaking capacity building through a comprehensive training program. Materials and Methods: A competency-based training needs assessment was conducted before undertaking the development of the training materials. Results: The training program for Food Safety Officers was designed to comprise of five modules to include: Food science and technology, Food safety management systems, Food safety legislation, Enforcement of food safety regulations, and Administrative functions. Each module has a facilitator guide for the tutor and a handbook for the participant. Essentials of Food Hygiene-I (Basic level), II and III (Retail/ Catering/ Manufacturing) were primarily designed for training of food handlers and are part of essential reading for food safety regulators. Conclusion: The Food Safety and Standards Act calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Despite having developed a comprehensive competency-based training curriculum by joint efforts by the local, national, and international agencies, implementation remains a challenge in resource-limited setting. PMID:25136155

Thippaiah, Anitha; Allagh, Komal Preet; Murthy, G. V.

2014-01-01

27

Development and validation of the ACE tool: assessing medical trainees’ competency in evidence based medicine  

PubMed Central

Background While a variety of instruments have been developed to assess knowledge and skills in evidence based medicine (EBM), few assess all aspects of EBM - including knowledge, skills attitudes and behaviour - or have been psychometrically evaluated. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an instrument that evaluates medical trainees’ competency in EBM across knowledge, skills and attitude. Methods The ‘Assessing Competency in EBM’ (ACE) tool was developed by the authors, with content and face validity assessed by expert opinion. A cross-sectional sample of 342 medical trainees representing ‘novice’, ‘intermediate’ and ‘advanced’ EBM trainees were recruited to complete the ACE tool. Construct validity, item difficulty, internal reliability and item discrimination were analysed. Results We recruited 98 EBM-novice, 108 EBM-intermediate and 136 EBM-advanced participants. A statistically significant difference in the total ACE score was observed and corresponded to the level of training: on a 0-15-point test, the mean ACE scores were 8.6 for EBM-novice; 9.5 for EBM-intermediate; and 10.4 for EBM-advanced (p?competency in EBM. The ACE tool provides a novel assessment that measures user performance across the four main steps of EBM. To provide a complete suite of instruments to assess EBM competency across various patient scenarios, future refinement of the ACE instrument should include further scenarios across harm, diagnosis and prognosis. PMID:24909434

2014-01-01

28

The Development of a Competency Based Teacher Education Curriculum Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study had three objectives: (1) design a competency based teacher education curriculum model for vocational-technical education (agriculture, home economics, and vocational-industrial); (2) validate the competencies by field testing them with regular vocational teachers, vocational directors, and state personnel; and (3) field test the…

Wircenski, Jerry L.

29

History and testimony of competency-based development at Sandia National Laboratories.  

SciTech Connect

More than ten years ago, Sandia managers defined a set of traits and characteristics that were needed for success at Sandia. Today, the Sandia National Laboratories Success Profile Competencies continue to be powerful tools for employee and leadership development. The purpose of this report is to revisit the historical events that led to the creation and adaptation of the competencies and to position them for integration in future employee selection, development, and succession planning processes. This report contains an account of how the competencies were developed, testimonies of how they are used within the organization, and a description of how they will be foundational elements of new processes.

Burt, Rebecca A.; Narahara, Sheryl K.

2004-04-01

30

Using competences and competence tools in workforce development.  

PubMed

The NHS Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) has been a driving force in the move to competence-based workforce development in the NHS. Skills for Health has developed national workforce competences that aim to improve behavioural performance, and in turn increase productivity. This article describes five projects established to test Skills for Health national workforce competences, electronic tools and products in different settings in the NHS. Competences and competence tools were used to redesign services, develop job roles, identify skills gaps and develop learning programmes. Reported benefits of the projects included increased clarity and a structured, consistent and standardized approach to workforce development. Findings from the evaluation of the tools were positive in terms of their overall usefulness and provision of related training/support. Reported constraints of using the competences and tools included issues relating to their availability, content and organization. It is recognized that a highly skilled and flexible workforce is important to the delivery of high-quality health care. These projects suggest that Skills for Health competences can be used as a 'common currency' in workforce development in the UK health sector. This would support the need to adapt rapidly to changing service needs. PMID:21072016

Green, Tess; Dickerson, Claire; Blass, Eddie

31

Building Construction. Competency-Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed and field-tested over a 2-year period by vocational teachers in West Virginia, this competency-based building construction curriculum contains five units of study: Safety, form carpentry, carpentry, masonry, and plumbing. Each unit is subdivided into several competencies, and for each competency taught the performance objectives,…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

32

Featuring: It Works! Competency Based Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a competency based curriculum approach for ornamental horticulture. A horticulture cluster core consisting of 18 tasks was developed with competency sheets for each task. The competency sheet contains six columns: skills to be attained, task list, materials required, student activities, evaluation methods, and a recommended time period.…

Elston, Teri

1979-01-01

33

The development of a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for BSN graduates.  

PubMed

Under the current nursing education system in Taiwan, a fair and objective evaluation of group health teaching competency has been lacking for a long time. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for baccalaureate graduates. Action research was the main research methodology used in this study. The research consisted of two phases. In the first phase, a development committee was established. Based on routine discussions, literature reviews and realistic cases, a draft examination model with quasi-clinical situation model content and procedure was developed. Examination Facility Preparations, Simulated Scenarios and Client Recruitments, Examination Result Evaluation (evaluated by teachers) and Learning Guidelines were also prepared. This draft was reviewed twice for expert opinion, a pilot test was done and both the draft and pilot testing were reviewed again before the draft was finalized. The second phase involved refining the examination model by actually practicing the completed draft examination model in a simulated group-teaching setting in order to examine the model's reliability and validity. Fifteen people were involved in this experiment: three nursing personnel each having at least two years' clinical and teaching experience; three nursing students who did not have actual clinical experience and had not taken the course of teaching principles; three senior teachers; and six virtual patients. The responses from the nursing personnel, nursing students, teachers, and virtual patients who participated in the testing were gathered and integrated to refine the model. The model has content, expert and discriminative validity. The reliability of the model was proven by the high consistency in administration and scoring of the model by clinical examiners. This examination model is not only applicable for the proof of students' credit point exemption, but also as an alternative option for examining nursing personnel in traditional nursing education and practice. PMID:19061174

Tai, Chun-Yi; Chung, Ue-Lin

2008-12-01

34

Developing Competence at Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we explore the relationship between differing conceptualisations of competence, and the implications of these differences for the enacted workplace curriculum and its pedagogical epistemologies. We argue that when competence is understood as a set of stand-alone attributes that reside within an individual, it limits and over…

Bound, Helen; Lin, Magdalene

2013-01-01

35

Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

Ross-Harrington, Melinda

36

Development of Competency-Based Web Learning Material and Effect Evaluation of Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes on Learning Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2006-01-01

37

Continuing Professional Development Needs of Teachers in Schools for Competence-Based Vocational Education: A Case Study from The Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to help schools for vocational education determine teachers' continuing professional development needs associated with implementing competence-based education programs, so that these schools can develop better attuned HR policies. It investigates which elements from the cognitive apprenticeship model and…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.

2010-01-01

38

Competency Based Education: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography is a sampling of the types of publications which have appeared recently on the subject of competency based education. Emphasis is given to current (1970-76) materials and to adult career-related competencies. Titles specifically naming some phase of competency-based education are preferred above titles that emphasize performance,…

Cox, Helen, Ed.

39

A Comprehensive Competence-Based Approach in Curriculum Development: Experiences from African and European Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the methodological steps of developing an integrated reference guide for competences according to the profile of the healthcare professionals concerned. Design: Human resources in healthcare represent a complex issue, which needs conceptual and methodological frameworks and tools to help one understand reality and the limits…

Parent, F.; Baulana, R.; Kahombo, G.; Coppieters, Y.; Garant, M.; De Ketele, J.-M.

2011-01-01

40

A Study to Develop and Evaluate a Competency-Based Introductory Counseling Course for a Bible College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based introductory counseling course, including demonstrations of model counseling, student role-play counseling, information about prisoners, and a counseling practicum using prisoners as a client population, was developed for Roanoke Bible College. Research was then conducted to evaluate the course materials. Findings led to the…

Styons, Melvin D.

41

The Development of a Competency Based Food Preparations Curriculum for High School Special Needs Students in New Castle County, Delaware.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based culinary arts food preparation curriculum for Delaware high school students with special needs was developed during a project that included the following activities: review of the state's existing culinary arts curriculum for regular education students; incumbent worker survey administered to 24 restaurant…

Stewart, Richard Lee

42

Pre-Service Teachers' Perceptions on Development of Their IMD Competencies through TPACK-Based Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated perceived development of pre-service teachers in their Instructional Material Design (IMD) competencies through the course "Instructional Technology and Material Design," which is based on a technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge (TPACK) framework. A total of 22 Elementary Education pre-service…

Tokmak, Hatice Sancar; Yelken, Tugba Yanpar; Konokman, Gamze Yavuz

2013-01-01

43

Genre-Based Tasks in Foreign Language Writing: Developing Writers' Genre Awareness, Linguistic Knowledge, and Writing Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how novice foreign language (FL) writers develop their genre awareness, linguistic knowledge, and writing competence in a genre-based writing course that incorporates email-writing tasks. To define genre, the study draws on systemic functional linguistics (SFL) that sees language as a resource for making meaning in a particular…

Yasuda, Sachiko

2011-01-01

44

Teaching Systems-Based Competency in Anesthesiology Residency: Development of an Education and Assessment Tool  

PubMed Central

Background The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires programs to educate and evaluate residents in 6 competencies, including systems-based practice. We designed a survey and assessment tool to address the competency as it pertains to anesthetic drug costs in an academic center. Methods Residents, certified registered nurse anesthetists, and faculty were asked to complete an anesthetic drug-cost survey without relying on reference materials. After a combination of compulsory in-class didactic sessions and web-based education, the participants were asked to design an anesthetic, give example cases, and determine costs. The initial task was repeated 1 year later. Results Our preintervention survey revealed that most practitioners knew very little about anesthetic drug costs, regardless of level of training or degree. All residents completed the mandatory online education tool, more than 80% attended the departmental grand rounds program, and 100% met the goal of designing an anesthetic for all cases within the preset price limit. A repeat of the cost estimate produced an improvement in cost estimates with reduction in variability (P < .05, Student unpaired t test), although estimates of volatile anesthetic and reversal agent costs did not achieve significance at the .05 level for any of the 3 cases. Conclusion Introducing a formalized teaching and assessment tool has improved our residents' understanding of anesthetic drug costs, and improved our ability to teach and assess the systems-based practice competency. PMID:21975630

Soto, Roy G.; Cormican, Daniel S.; Gallagher, Christopher J.; Seidman, Peggy A.

2010-01-01

45

An Evaluation of "Foundations of Competency Based Curriculum"; A Summer In-Service CBC Staff Development Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Foundations of Competency Based Curriculum (CBC)," a one-week inservice course was offered to CBC team members from each Washington, D.C., public school during the summer of 1977. It was designed to assist instructional personnel in acquiring the necessary competencies and skills to plan, initiate, and implement competency based curriculum in…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

46

Some Observations on Competency Based Instruction  

E-print Network

Abstract: This article summarizes the authors' observations derived over the course of 3 years of research and experimentation with competency based instruction. While the intent of this project has been the development of ...

Altman, Reuben; Meyen, Edward L.

1974-01-01

47

Development and evaluation of a questionnaire to measure the perceived implementation of the mission statement of a competency based curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background A mission statement (MS) sets out the long-term goals of an institution and is supposed to be suited for studying learning environments. Yet, hardly any study has tested this issue so far. The aim of the present study was the development and psychometric evaluation of an MS-Questionnaire (MSQ) focusing on explicit competencies. We investigated to what extent the MSQ captures the construct of learning environment and how well a faculty is following - in its perception - a competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. Methods A questionnaire was derived from the MS “teaching” (Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf) which was based on (inter-) nationally accepted goals and recommendations for a competency based medical education. The MSQ was administered together with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) to 1119 students and 258 teachers. Cronbach’s alpha was used to analyze the internal consistency of the items. Explorative factor analyses were performed to analyze homogeneity of the items within subscales and factorial validity of the MSQ. Item discrimination was assessed by means of part-whole corrected discrimination indices, and convergent validity was analyzed with respect to DREEM. Demographic variations of the respondents were used to analyze the inter-group variations in their responses. Results Students and teachers perceived the MS implementation as “moderate” and on average, students differed significantly in their perception of the MS. They thought implementation of the MS was less successful than faculty did. Women had a more positive perception of educational climate than their male colleagues and clinical students perceived the implementation of the MS on all dimensions significantly worse than preclinical students. The psychometric properties of the MSQ were very satisfactory: Item discrimination was high. Similarly to DREEM, the MSQ was highly reliable among students (? = 0.92) and teachers (? = 0.93). In both groups, the MSQ correlated highly positively with DREEM (r = 0.79 and 0.80, p < 0.001 each). Factor analyses did not reproduce the three areas of the MS perfectly. The subscales, however, could be identified as such both among teachers and students. Conclusions The perceived implementation of faculty-specific goals can be measured in an institution to some considerable extent by means of a questionnaire developed on the basis of the institution’s MS. Our MSQ provides a reliable instrument to measure the learning climate with a strong focus on competencies which are increasingly considered crucial in medical education. The questionnaire thus offers additional information beyond the DREEM. Our site-specific results imply that our own faculty is not yet fully living up to its competency-based MS. In general, the MSQ might prove useful for faculty development to the increasing number of faculties seeking to measure their perceived competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. PMID:23134815

2012-01-01

48

Competency Based Educational Administration and Applications to Related Fields.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No group can claim professional standing without explicit statements about what constitutes competence in that field and the means by which competence can be attained and assessed. The definition of competencies is the beginning step in a total competency based program of administrative development. Such definition includes (1) specification of…

McCleary, Lloyd E.

49

Pedagogical Catalysts of Civic Competence: The Development of a Critical Epistemological Model for Community-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Democratic problem-solving necessitates an active and informed citizenry, but existing research on service-learning has shed little light on the relationship between pedagogical practices and civic competence outcomes. This study developed and tested a model to represent that relationship and identified pedagogical catalysts of civic competence

Stokamer, Stephanie

2013-01-01

50

Competence guided incremental footprint-based retrieval  

E-print Network

Competence guided incremental footprint-based retrieval Barry Smith & Elizabeth competence model to guide retrieval · Highly efficient and achieves NEAR-opDmal competence and quality · Later, FBR is improved to guarantee opDmal retrieval

Watson, Ian

51

Group Communication and Critical Thinking Competence Development Using a Reality-Based Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presented merger and acquisition classroom exercise is based on a real yet incomplete transaction transpiring during the period of the class. The approach enables adult students to apply their previously acquired business experience to a strategic analysis project facilitating the development of group communication, critical thinking, and…

Paulson, Edward

2011-01-01

52

Competency Based Refresher Nurse Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based course is designed to update the skills and knowledge of inactive nurses desiring to return to active practice. Focus of the course is on organizing and managing patient care using the nursing process; performing nursing procedures, including medication administration; and reintegrating oneself into the professional…

Lombardo, Mary C.

53

Competency-Based Behavioral Interviewing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Directors too often rely primarily on their hunches to guide them in employee selection. But what if their hunches are only 30 percent correct? Potentially, one bad hire could be responsible for a noticeable decrease in enrollment and, as a result, the school's net revenue. In this article, the author discusses the Competency-Based Behavioral…

Garrigues, Sarah M.

2012-01-01

54

Competency Based Curriculum for Prevocational Exploration Hospitality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum consists of 15 teacher-developed learning packets that have been developed for use by teachers and students during the exploration of various hospitality occupations. Intended to introduce students to a multitude of occupations and to allow time for hands-on experiences in different occupational families, the…

Marshall Univ., Huntington, WV. Dept. of Occupational, Adult, and Safety Education.

55

Tractor Mechanic--Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to assist vocational agricultural mechanics students in learning to be tractor mechanics, this curriculum guide contains all the student competency sheets which comprise this competency-based curriculum. These competency sheets are categorized under sixteen instructional units. The first two units cover employment opportunities and…

McCann, Edward W.

56

Competency-Based Training Developed for Environmental Health Workers in Indonesia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a curriculum developed as part of the Rural Sanitation Manpower Development Project to train new professional- and technician-level environmental health workers. Modules containing information required to perform tasks of a health worker at different levels of expertise were developed as a basic component of the curriculum. (BC)

Adrounie, V. Harry; Chelikowsky, Bruce R.

1984-01-01

57

The Development Model of Knowledge Management via Web-Based Learning to Enhance Pre-Service Teacher's Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores that the model of knowledge management and web technology for teachers' professional development as well as its impact in the classroom on learning and teaching, especially in pre-service teacher's competency and practices that refer to knowledge creating, analyzing, nurturing, disseminating, and optimizing process as part…

Rampai, Nattaphon; Sopeerak, Saroch

2011-01-01

58

Using Qualitative Research to Develop Culturally Competent Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kazdin pointed out that the requirement for evidence-based practice (EBP) has made the long-standing gap between research and practice in clinical psychology even more salient. He offered several strategies for bridging this gap: investigating mechanisms and moderators of therapeutic change, and qualitative research. We agree that qualitative…

Silverstein, Louise Bordeaux; Auerbach, Carl F.

2009-01-01

59

Developing mathematical modelling competency through problem based project work - experiences from Roskilde University  

Microsoft Academic Search

At Roskilde University we have 35 years of experience with problem based student projects. In particular from the two-year introductory study programme in the natural sciences, we have extensive experiences with interdisciplinary student projects setting up, analysing, applying, and criticising mathematical models. The finding, formulation and delimitation of problems within certain themes are important parts of the students' project work.

Morten Blomhřj

60

Development of a Competency-Based Vocational Education IEP Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project completed and field tested the concept of vocational instructors and special educators jointly planning curriculum objectives for the handicapped/special needs learner. The diagnostic-prescriptive individualized education (IEP) model developed at Bloomsburg University (Pennsylvania) or IEP Planner was used. Eight occupational areas were…

Bloomsburg Univ., PA.

61

Developing a Framework for Communication Management Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a hierarchical needs assessment model developed by Hunt we identified the essential competencies of communication management practitioners for the purpose of curriculum development and selection. We found that the underlying values of the profession were embodied in two superordinate goals. Six major competencies were identified, which were…

Jeffrey, Lynn Maud; Brunton, Margaret Ann

2011-01-01

62

Developing the Intercultural Competence of Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores how teaching development programs may facilitate the development of intercultural competence in graduate students and prepare them for communicating effectively in the global workplace after graduation. First, we describe the concept of intercultural teaching competence and examine the skills that graduate students may need to…

Dimitrov, Nanda; Dawson, Debra L.; Olsen, Karyn C.; Meadows, Ken N.

2014-01-01

63

Competency-Driven, Component-Based Curriculum Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines an approach to curriculum development that stresses a competency-driven framework including competency identification, curriculum development, and performance measurement, as well as a component-based approach to educational development and training asset management. Set in a professional services firm, the framework could serve as a…

Friedlander, Philip

1996-01-01

64

Designing and Evaluating an Interactive Multimedia Web-Based Simulation for Developing Nurses’ Competencies in Acute Nursing Care: Randomized Controlled Trial  

PubMed Central

Background Web-based learning is becoming an increasingly important instructional tool in nursing education. Multimedia advancements offer the potential for creating authentic nursing activities for developing nursing competency in clinical practice. Objective This study aims to describe the design, development, and evaluation of an interactive multimedia Web-based simulation for developing nurses’ competencies in acute nursing care. Methods Authentic nursing activities were developed in a Web-based simulation using a variety of instructional strategies including animation video, multimedia instructional material, virtual patients, and online quizzes. A randomized controlled study was conducted on 67 registered nurses who were recruited from the general ward units of an acute care tertiary hospital. Following a baseline evaluation of all participants’ clinical performance in a simulated clinical setting, the experimental group received 3 hours of Web-based simulation and completed a survey to evaluate their perceptions of the program. All participants were re-tested for their clinical performances using a validated tool. Results The clinical performance posttest scores of the experimental group improved significantly (P<.001) from the pretest scores after the Web-based simulation. In addition, compared to the control group, the experimental group had significantly higher clinical performance posttest scores (P<.001) after controlling the pretest scores. The participants from the experimental group were satisfied with their learning experience and gave positive ratings for the quality of the Web-based simulation. Themes emerging from the comments about the most valuable aspects of the Web-based simulation include relevance to practice, instructional strategies, and fostering problem solving. Conclusions Engaging in authentic nursing activities using interactive multimedia Web-based simulation can enhance nurses’ competencies in acute care. Web-based simulations provide a promising educational tool in institutions where large groups of nurses need to be trained in acute nursing care and accessibility to repetitive training is essential for achieving long-term retention of clinical competency. PMID:25583029

Wong, Lai Fun; Chan, Sally Wai-Chi; Ho, Jasmine Tze Yin; Mordiffi, Siti Zubaidah; Ang, Sophia Bee Leng; Goh, Poh Sun; Ang, Emily Neo Kim

2015-01-01

65

Use of Competency-Based Self-Assessments and the MCH Navigator for MCH Workforce Development: Three States' Experiences.  

PubMed

Workforce development is a priority across many state Maternal and Child Health (MCH) Title V programs. Three case studies were conducted to explore varied state implementations of MCH workforce development initiatives. Three states utilized the online MCH Navigator resource to support orientation and ongoing professional development for staff and other partners. Key informant interviews and surveys were utilized to gather staff feedback on practical aspects of the project and to ascertain lessons learned by state MCH leadership during project implementation. Staff impressions of the MCH Navigator were generally positive. Staff reported that Navigator modules were useful to their current work and that completion of the modules resulted in expanded knowledge in key MCH competency areas and contributed to their professional development. Many indicated that they would recommend use of the Navigator to colleagues. State leaders found that utilization of introductory training sessions or the Navigator's online orientation modules were helpful in acclimating staff to the Navigator, although some staff still experienced minor technical challenges. State leaders across all three sites reported the value of pre-existing tools on the Navigator site, including core competency self-assessments and orientation bundles; the leaders also noted that the Navigator represents a useful and thorough resource that can be integrated into state efforts to enhance professional development for MCH staff. The significant variation between the three states' implementations demonstrates the flexibility of the Navigator, highlighting its utility to meet state-specific needs. PMID:25008405

Warren, Michael D; Dooley, Suzanna D; Pyle, Meredith J; Miller, Angela M

2015-02-01

66

Development of an equine-tropic replication-competent lentivirus assay for equine infectious anemia virus-based lentiviral vectors.  

PubMed

The release of lentiviral vectors for clinical use requires the testing of vector material, production cells, and, if applicable, ex vivo-transduced cells for the presence of replication-competent lentivirus (RCL). Vectors derived from the nonprimate lentivirus equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have been directly administered to patients in several clinical trials, with no toxicity observed to date. Because EIAV does not replicate in human cells, and because putative RCLs derived from vector components within human vector production cells would most likely be human cell-tropic, we previously developed an RCL assay using amphotropic murine leukemia virus (MLV) as a surrogate positive control and human cells as RCL amplification/indicator cells. Here we report an additional RCL assay that tests for the presence of theoretical "equine-tropic" RCLs. This approach provides further assurance of safety by detecting putative RCLs with an equine cell-specific tropism that might not be efficiently amplified by the human cell-based RCL assay. We tested the ability of accessory gene-deficient EIAV mutant viruses to replicate in a highly permissive equine cell line to direct our choice of a suitable EIAV-derived positive control. In addition, we report for the first time the mathematical rationale for use of the Poisson distribution to calculate minimal infectious dose of positive control virus and for use in monitoring assay positive/spike control failures in accumulating data sets. No RCLs have been detected in Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)-compliant RCL assays to date, further demonstrating that RCL formation is highly unlikely in contemporary minimal lentiviral vector systems. PMID:23121195

Farley, Daniel C; Bannister, Richard; Leroux-Carlucci, Marie A; Evans, Nerys E; Miskin, James E; Mitrophanous, Kyriacos A

2012-10-01

67

Development of an Equine-Tropic Replication-Competent Lentivirus Assay for Equine Infectious Anemia Virus-Based Lentiviral Vectors  

PubMed Central

Abstract The release of lentiviral vectors for clinical use requires the testing of vector material, production cells, and, if applicable, ex vivo-transduced cells for the presence of replication-competent lentivirus (RCL). Vectors derived from the nonprimate lentivirus equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have been directly administered to patients in several clinical trials, with no toxicity observed to date. Because EIAV does not replicate in human cells, and because putative RCLs derived from vector components within human vector production cells would most likely be human cell-tropic, we previously developed an RCL assay using amphotropic murine leukemia virus (MLV) as a surrogate positive control and human cells as RCL amplification/indicator cells. Here we report an additional RCL assay that tests for the presence of theoretical “equine-tropic” RCLs. This approach provides further assurance of safety by detecting putative RCLs with an equine cell-specific tropism that might not be efficiently amplified by the human cell-based RCL assay. We tested the ability of accessory gene-deficient EIAV mutant viruses to replicate in a highly permissive equine cell line to direct our choice of a suitable EIAV-derived positive control. In addition, we report for the first time the mathematical rationale for use of the Poisson distribution to calculate minimal infectious dose of positive control virus and for use in monitoring assay positive/spike control failures in accumulating data sets. No RCLs have been detected in Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)-compliant RCL assays to date, further demonstrating that RCL formation is highly unlikely in contemporary minimal lentiviral vector systems. PMID:23121195

Bannister, Richard; Leroux-Carlucci, Marie A.; Evans, Nerys E.; Miskin, James E.; Mitrophanous, Kyriacos A.

2012-01-01

68

Competency-based orientation for perioperative cardiovascular nurses.  

PubMed

Nurses working in cardiovascular surgery must be responsible and highly competent to meet the demands of their profession. Hospitals that hire nurses for cardiovascular surgery also must assume responsibility for the competency of nurses hired. The Virginia Heart Center at Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, uses a competency-based orientation plan to train newly hired cardiovascular surgery nurses in providing quality care. Competency-based orientation is an effective approach to incorporating new members of the team into the work environment. The benefits of this appraoch include the development of teamwork and esprit de corps, skill and knowledge enhancement, and possible increased staff retention. PMID:7793903

Huffman, M

1995-04-01

69

Competency-Based Adult Education: Florida Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of program materials serves as an introduction to Florida's Brevard Community College's (BCC's) Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Project, a multi-year project designed to teach adult administrators, counselors, and teachers how to organize and implement a competency-based adult education (CBAE) program; to critique…

Singer, Elizabeth

70

Strategy?based development of teacher educators' ICT competence through a co?operative staff development project  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ICT strategy and an implementation plan for teacher education were created in a co?operative process. Visions and expectations of staff members and students were registered by questionnaires and by making notes during sessions in which the strategy was created. Thereafter, an implementation document, where the staff development programme and plans of how to develop ICT infrastructure and to integrate

Jari Lavonen; Matti Lattu; Kalle Juuti; Veijo Meisalo

2006-01-01

71

Systematic Training for Consultants Through Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article defines competency-based education for consultant trainees and describes some of the more common approaches used in identifying, organizing, classifying, and evaluating competencies that training programs seek to develop in consultants-in-training. The differences in the delivery systems for CBE and more traditional training models…

Froehle, Thomas C.

1978-01-01

72

Competency-Based Occupational Programs: Identification, Structuring, and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents results of the third phase of a Pensacola Junior College project to develop certain vocational programs as competency-based education. A brief narrative discusses the entire project--especially phase 3, which involved identification and definition of those competencies expected by an employer using input from an advisory…

Pensacola Junior Coll., FL.

73

Towards Competence-Based VET: Dealing with the Pitfalls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article builds on a previous 2004 "Journal of Vocational Education and Training" (JVET) contribution by Biemans et al., in which several possible pitfalls in designing and implementing competence-based education (CBE) were discussed. The present article reports on the results of an extensive research programme on competence development and…

Biemans, Harm; Wesselink, Renate; Gulikers, Judith; Schaafsma, Sanne; Verstegen, Jos; Mulder, Martin

2009-01-01

74

Masonry. Teacher's Guide. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the competency based masonry student materials (see note). It is intended for use as a reference and aid in implementing the curriculum. The guide includes these sections: Identification and Validation of Job Titles and Competencies, Functions of the Developmental Committee, Program Organization…

Long, Diana

75

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide consists of a comprehensive list of competency-based performance objectives dealing with selected skill and knowledge competencies considered basic to the preparation of teacher-educators in residential building construction. Thirteen units of instruction subclassified into forty-one teaching sections are included with…

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield. Div. of Adult Vocational and Technical Education.

76

Integrating competence development into the curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aimed at developing academic and social competences in engineering students, a program has been designed that integrates this objective into the curriculum. Our experience with the development and implementation of such a program in first year engineering courses is described. Our results show that it is possible to reduce desertion and improve adaptation to college life and demands, among engineering

Nhora O. Acuna; Hernando Diaz; Jhon J. Ramirez

2011-01-01

77

Competence-based demands made of senior physicians: an empirical study to evaluate leadership competencies.  

PubMed

As a result of more economising in German hospitals, changes evolve in organising the deployment of senior medical staff. New demands are made of senior hospital management. Leadership competencies in the training and development of physicians are of prime importance to the successful perception of managerial responsibilities. The present study investigates the actual and targeted demands of leadership made of senior medical staff in terms of how these demands are perceived. To this end, the demands of leadership were surveyed using a competence-based questionnaire and investigated with a view to potentials in professional development by way of example of the senior management of psychiatric hospitals in Germany. In all, the results show high ratings in personal performance, the greatest significance being attributed to value-oriented competence in the actual assessment of demands on leadership. Besides gender-specific differences in the actual assessments of single fields of competence, the greatest differences between the targeted and the actual demands are, in all, shown to be in the competencies of self-management and communication. Competence-based core areas in leadership can be demonstrated for the professional development of physicians and an adaptive mode of procedure deduced. PMID:22176981

Lehr, Bosco; Ostermann, Herwig; Schubert, Harald

2011-01-01

78

Constructive Development and Counselor Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmental predictors of students' ability to learn counseling skills would help counselor educators select candidates and assist admitted students in their learning. The present research examined the relationship between adult development, as measured by the Learning Environment Preferences test (W. S. Moore, 1989) and the Defining Issues…

Eriksen, Karen P.; McAuliffe, Garrett J.

2006-01-01

79

Agent-based cognitive model for human resources competence management.  

PubMed

This chapter presents an agent-based cognitive model aimed to represent human competency concepts and competence management processes of psychological nature. This model is implemented by a multiagent system application intended to help managers of software development projects to select, based on the competence management model, the right professionals to integrate a development team. There are several software engineering methodologies that can be used to design and develop multiagent systems. However, due to the necessity to handle human competency concepts of cognitive nature, like aptitudes, interests, abilities and knowledge, we were driven to choose methodologies that can handle these concepts since the inception of the system. To do so, we integrated the TROPOS methodology, and a set of software engineering methods derived from intelligent tutoring systems research to successfully analyze and design the proposed system. At the end of the paper we present a study case, showing how the proposed system should be applied to the domain of website development. PMID:20020341

Oliveira, Stefan; Gluz, Joăo Carlos

2010-01-01

80

Lifelong Competence Development: Towards a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description - The Case Study of Europass Language Passport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches in the field of formal or non-formal education and training are becoming more common and appear to offer the opportunity to develop programmes that meet needs of learners, trainers and potential employers. To support the provision of competence-ba sed learning services, it is necessary to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way.

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2006-01-01

81

Interlanguage pragmatic development: the relation between pragmalinguistic competence and sociopragmatic competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past few years saw significant advances in the field of interlanguage pragmatics development since several researchers’ call for more studies focusing on the development of pragmatic competence of second or foreign language learners. The existing literature, however, still leaves us an incomplete picture of the nature of the relation between pragmalinguistic competence and sociopragmatic competence in the development of

Yuh-Fang Chang

2011-01-01

82

Developing competencies for pediatric hospice and palliative medicine.  

PubMed

In 2006, hospice and palliative medicine (HPM) became an officially recognized subspecialty. This designation helped initiate the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education Outcomes Project in HPM. As part of this process, a group of expert clinician-educators in HPM defined the initial competency-based outcomes for HPM fellows (General HPM Competencies). Concurrently, these experts recognized and acknowledged that additional expertise in pediatric HPM would ensure that the competencies for pediatric HPM were optimally represented. To fill this gap, a group of pediatric HPM experts used a product development method to define specific Pediatric HPM Competencies. This article describes the development process. With the ongoing evolution of HPM, these competencies will evolve. As part of the Next Accreditation System, the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education uses milestones as a framework to better define competency-based, measurable outcomes for trainees. Currently, there are no milestones specific to HPM, although the field is designing curricular milestones with multispecialty involvement, including pediatrics. These competencies are the conceptual framework for the pediatric content in the HPM milestones. They are specific to the pediatric HPM subspecialist and should be integrated into the training of pediatric HPM subspecialists. They will serve a foundational role in HPM and should inform a wide range of emerging innovations, including the next evolution of HPM Competencies, development of HPM curricular milestones, and training of adult HPM and other pediatric subspecialists. They may also inform pediatric HPM outcome measures, as well as standards of practice and performance for pediatric HPM interdisciplinary teams. PMID:25404726

Klick, Jeffrey C; Friebert, Sarah; Hutton, Nancy; Osenga, Kaci; Pituch, Kenneth J; Vesel, Tamara; Weidner, Norbert; Block, Susan D; Morrison, Laura J

2014-12-01

83

Communicative Competence: Existing Concepts and Prospects for Further Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicative competence is set out to be of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The success of the sustainable development of communicative competence requires existing concepts of communicative competence

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

84

How to Measure Critical Health Competences: Development and Validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical…

Steckelberg, Anke; Hulfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jurgen; Rost, Jurgen; Muhlhauser, Ingrid

2009-01-01

85

2013 CAEL Forum & News: Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2012, CAEL released the report "Competency-Based Degree Programs in the U.S.: Postsecondary Credentials for Measurable Student Learning and Performance," which examined the current state of competency-based postsecondary education in the U.S., profiling the various types of competency-based, or competency-focused, models that…

Council for Adult and Experiential Learning, 2013

2013-01-01

86

Competencies for the Contemporary Career: Development and Preliminary Validation of the Career Competencies Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new and promising area of research has recently emerged in the field of career development: career competencies. The present article provides a framework of career competencies that integrates several perspectives from the literature. The framework distinguishes between reflective, communicative, and behavioral career competencies. Six career…

Akkermans, Jos; Brenninkmeijer, Veerle; Huibers, Marthe; Blonk, Roland W. B.

2013-01-01

87

Development and Evaluation of Vocational Competency Measures. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of occupational competency tests representing all seven vocational education curriculum areas were developed, field tested, and validated. Seventeen occupations were selected for competency test development: agricultural chemicals applications technician, farm equipment mechanic, computer operator, word processing specialist, apparel…

Chalupsky, Albert B.; And Others

88

Developing leadership in healthcare administration: a competency assessment tool.  

PubMed

Despite the many graduate programs that specialize in health administration, healthcare leaders and practitioners have expressed concern about the quality of preparation of health administration graduates. The purpose of this study was to facilitate one part of an integrated approach to leadership development that spans academic and practitioner settings. The approach was to design a competency assessment tool for early careerists who have two to five years of postgraduate experience and who aspire to fill senior leadership positions in complex, provider-based healthcare organizations. Open-ended interviews with key informants and a comprehensive review of relevant literature were done to identify and categorize a set of competencies relevant to early careerists. Based on data from key informants, specific work experiences and academic courses were mapped to each competency, indicating where and how such competencies might be developed. A simple rating system was then added to assess each competency, which resulted in the completion of the tool. Finally, the tool was piloted in a practitioner setting at the Massachusetts General Hospital Administrative Fellowship Program and in an academic setting at the Yale University Health Management Program. The resulting tool includes 52 competencies categorized into four domains: (1) technical skills (operations, finance; information resources, human resources, and strategic planning/external affairs); (2) industry knowledge (clinical process and healthcare institutions); (3) analytic and conceptual reasoning; and (4) interpersonal and emotional intelligence. Early experience with the tool suggests that it can facilitate career planning among graduate students, early careerists, and their mentors. Further, the tool can help directors of both academic and practitioner programs identify strengths and gaps in their existing curricula or training programs. By offering specific competencies linked to work experiences and graduate courses, the tool is an initial step toward promoting collaborative efforts between academic and practitioner programs. PMID:11372221

Robbins, C J; Bradley, E H; Spicer, M

2001-01-01

89

Masonry: Task Analyses. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These task analyses are designed to be used in combination with the "Trade and Industrial Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in the masonry program in Virginia. The task analysis document contains the task inventory, suggested task sequence lists, and content outlines for the secondary courses Masonry…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

90

Child Care Occupations/Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum for child care occupations is composed of 30 tasks. For each task, the following information is provided: task title, task number, behavioral objectives, required resources, learning activities with required resources and/or assignments, and recommended student evaluation. Topics covered include participation in…

Hamilton, Trudy; And Others

91

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use at Eastern Illinois University in a model curriculum designed to prepare secondary school teachers in the field of residential building, this curriculum guide provides a competency-based preservice construction trades program. The guide is divided into thirteen units as follows: (1) pre-construction planning; (2) structural…

Nelms, Howard F.

92

Competency-Based Nursing Career Ladder Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An open-entry/open-exit competency-based nursing career ladder model was developed to demonstrate the articulation process from high school through licensed vocational nursing (LVN), associate degree nursing (ADN), and baccalaureate degree-level nursing (BSN) programs. The model was based on data obtained from a review of the literature on (1)…

Wilson, Janie Menchaca; And Others

93

Competency-Based Evaluation for Selecting a Counselor Educator  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an approach to faculty selection in a competency-based human development counseling program, the development of which enabled candidates to demonstrate their actual level of mastery for a wide range of skills associated with professional effectiveness. Successes and setbacks of this model are presented. (Author)

Weitz, Lawrence J.; And Others

1976-01-01

94

Competency Development and Career Success: The Mediating Role of Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims to unravel the relationship between competency development, employability and career success. To do so, we tested a model wherein associations between employee participation in competency development initiatives, perceived support for competency development, self-perceived employability, and two indicators of subjective…

De Vos, Ans; De Hauw, Sara; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.

2011-01-01

95

Continuing Medical Education Reform for Competency-Based Education and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of competency-based education and evaluation for residents and practicing physicians by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), respectively, includes the competency of practice-based learning and improvement. Efforts to implement this and the other competencies

Nahrwold, David L.

2005-01-01

96

Developing a common metadata model for competencies description  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non- formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues related with the definition of a common

Demetrios G. Sampson; Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Fytros

2007-01-01

97

Developing a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non-formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues…

Sampson, Demetrios; Karampiperis, Pythagoras; Fytros, Demetrios

2007-01-01

98

Developing logistics competencies through third party logistics relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers third party logistics (TPL) from a resource and competence perspective. New competencies are developed in the relationship between the shipper and the TPL provider. A typology of TPL relationships is developed going from market exchanges to joint logistics solutions. Here, the article will concentrate on the highest level – joint logistics solutions. The theoretical grounding of competence

Árni Halldórsson; Tage Skjřtt-Larsen

2004-01-01

99

Masonry. Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum for masonry is organized into 12 modules. Each module is comprised of two to nine competency statements. A student competency sheet provided for each competency is organized into this format: module and competency number and name, performance guide (for some competencies), learning activities, and an evaluation. Where appropriate,…

Long, Diana

100

Development of core competencies in clinical  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nationwide survey of core competencies of nutrition knowledge and skills that primary care physicians should know and\\/or be able to do has been completed. Nutrition competencies were synthesized from a review of clinical nutrition practices as reported in the medical literature and by medical school faculty group discussions. A nutrition competency questionnaire was sent to 445 practicing physicians and

Eleanor A Young; Elliot Weser; Helena M McBride; Carey P Page

101

Assessment to Transform Competency-based Curricula  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating a vision and creating short-term wins were the 4 steps most evident in the literature. In the case study, creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating short-term wins, consolidating improvements, and producing additional change were most important. The case study also indicated that (a) the history or climate of the institution in dealing with change, and (b) involving individuals with specific expertise as part of the leadership group were also important. Recommendations (PREPARE) were developed. Assessment is an enabling and valuable element in each stage of curricular transformation when guided by Kotter's model. PMID:20221351

Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; Kelley, Katherine; Scott, Steven A.

2009-01-01

102

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Machine Shop. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the machine shop competency-based education curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. It has been developed to facilitate use of the curriculum by instructors of machine shop programs. The teacher's guide contains the following material: an explanation of the curriculum and suggested usage; a…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

103

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Machine Shop. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the student material for the machine shop competency-based education curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. It has been developed to facilitate the learning of skills necessary for a career as a machinist. The tasks in the curriculum are those actually performed on the job. The materials are intended for use…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

104

Health. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on health is divided into ten topics. The topics included are Nutrition, Reproduction, Menstruation, Contraception, Alcohol Abuse, Tobacco, Immunization, Disease, Accident Prevention, and…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

105

Competency-Based Adult Education: A Guide to Classroom Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of a 310 Special Demonstration and Teacher Training Project undertaken at Brevard Community College in 1984-85, this training guide for new Competency-Based Adult Education (CBAE) teachers offers information on the CBAE concept, individualized instruction, selection of instructional materials, student orientation, and procedures.…

Guglielmino, Lucy M.; And Others

106

Insects and Diseases. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on insects and diseases is one of four developed for classroom use in teaching the turf and lawn services area of horticulture. The five sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered include…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

107

Soils and Fertilizers. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on soils and fertilizers is one of four developed for classroom use in teaching the turf and lawn services area of horticulture. The four sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline taking soil samples, testing samples, preparing soil for…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

108

Implementing the Plan. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on implementing the landscape plan is one of five developed for classroom use in teaching the landscape/nursery area of horticulture. The seven sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

109

Using the Internet in Competency Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introduction to the Internet explains what it is, how to use it, and how it can be useful to those with an interest in competency-based education. The Internet is a network of over 14,000 networks as of August 1993, with 1,000 being added per month, and at least 1 million machines and 20 million people connected to it. There are several…

Seguin, Armand

110

A Professional Development Unit for Reflecting on Program Evaluator Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes an interactive professional development unit that engages both novice and experienced evaluators in (a) learning about the Essential Competencies for Program Evaluators (ECPE), (b) applying the competencies to program evaluation contexts, and (c) using the ECPE to reflect on their own professional practices. The article briefly summarizes current issues about program evaluator competencies and the components of

Gail Ghere; Jean A. King; Laurie Stevahn; Jane Minnema

2006-01-01

111

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence through the Use of Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation tested the ability of portfolios to stimulate the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence within counselors-in-training and compared portfolios with another method of competence development, case formulation. Results indicate that portfolios benefit the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence, implications…

Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Morris, Dianne; Norton, Romana A.

2006-01-01

112

A Historical Perspective on the Development of the Concept "Competence"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicative competence that involves language (Druviete 2007, p. 12) is one of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The enhancement of students' communicative competence becomes particularly important for the…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

113

Competence-Based Assessment in Professional Education Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the appropriateness of competence-based assessment in professional education validation, considering architectural education in Asia as a case study. Competence-based assessment originated in teacher training and vocational training settings in the USA and the UK. Competence-based assessment has been increasingly adopted by…

Thilakaratne, Ruffina; Kvan, Thomas

2006-01-01

114

The Identification and National Verification of Competencies Important to Secondary and Post-Secondary Administrators of Vocational Education. Final Report: Development of Competency-Based Instructional Materials for Local Vocational Education Administrators--Part I. Research and Development Series No. 141.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to identify and nationally verify the competencies considered important to local administrators of vocational education. A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify all relevant administrator competency studies and available competency-based instructional materials. Fifteen studies were located. A…

Norton, Robert E.; And Others

115

The Development of Diagnostic Competence: Comparison of a Problem-Based, an Integrated, and a Conventional Medical Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Dutch study compared the clinical diagnostic skills of 612 medical students educated at schools with problem-based, integrated, or conventional curricula. Students responded to 30 case histories epidemiologically representative of Dutch society and all organ systems. Students trained within problem-based and integrated curricula made more…

Schmidt, Henk G.; And Others

1996-01-01

116

Effects of a Competency-Based Professional Development Training on Children's Physical Activity and Staff Physical Activity Promotion in Summer Day Camps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The YMCA of the USA serves more than nine million youth in its summer day camping programs nationwide. In spring 2011, the YMCA of Columbia, SC, with support from the University of South Carolina, adopted a competency-based staff-level training approach in an attempt to align staff behaviors with the YMCA of the USA new physical activity standards…

Weaver, R. Glenn; Beets, Michael W.; Turner-McGrievy, Gabrielle; Webster, Collin A.; Moore, Justin

2014-01-01

117

Developing a Consensus-Driven, Core Competency Model to Shape Future Audio Engineering Technology Curriculum: A Web-Based Modified Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this online study was to create a ranking of essential core competencies and technologies required by AET (audio engineering technology) programs 10 years in the future. The study was designed to facilitate curriculum development and improvement in the rapidly expanding number of small to medium sized audio engineering technology…

Tough, David T.

2009-01-01

118

Development and validation of a child health workforce competence framework.  

PubMed

Providing high quality, effective services is fundamental to the delivery of key health outcomes for children and young people. This requires a competent workforce. This paper reports on the development of a validated competence framework tool for the children and young people's health workforce. The framework brings together policy, strategic agendas and existing workforce competences. The framework will contribute to the improvement of children's physical and mental wellbeing by identifying competences required to provide proactive services that respond to children and young people with acute, continuing and complex needs. It details five core competences for the workforce, the functions that underpin them and levels of competence required to deliver a particular service. The framework will be of value to commissioners to inform contracting, to providers to ensure services are delivered by a workforce with relevant competences to meet identified needs, and to the workforce to assess existing capabilities and identify gaps in competence. PMID:21667711

Smith, Lynda; Hawkins, Jean; McCrum, Anita

2011-05-01

119

Developing Adaptive Teaching Competency through Coaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research project Adaptive Teaching Competency seeks to conceptualise the processes of tuning teaching to individual students' learning needs and to empirically test, within the field of science teaching, to what extent Adaptive Teaching Competency can be fostered through teacher education. 32 primary and secondary teachers took part in an…

Vogt, Franziska; Rogalla, Marion

2009-01-01

120

Development of ecological competence in Sumatran orangutans.  

PubMed

Data on orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus abelii) living in a Sumatran swamp forest yield an estimated median interbirth interval of at least 8 years, concurring with findings from other sites. This longest known mammalian interbirth interval appears due to maternal amenorrhea during the long exclusive dependence of the offspring. We describe the development of various components of offspring independence. In this arboreal ape, 3-year-olds had largely reached locomotor independence. Nest-building skills were also well-developed in 3-year-olds, but immatures shared their mother's nest until weaned at around age 7. At time of birth of the new sibling, association with the mother had begun to decline for both male and female offspring, suggesting that the immatures had mastered all the necessary skills, including basic tool use, to feed themselves. By about 11 years of age, they also ranged independently from the mother. These results show that orangutans do not develop independence more slowly than chimpanzees. Why, then, is weaning 2 years later in orangutans? In chimpanzees, mothers are often accompanied by two or even three consecutive offspring, unlike in orangutans. This contrast suggests that an orangutan mother cannot give birth until the previous offspring is ecologically competent enough to begin to range independently of her, probably due to the high energy costs of association. Thus, the exceptionally long interbirth intervals of orangutans may be a consequence of their solitary lifestyle. PMID:15472890

van Noordwijk, Maria A; van Schaik, Carel P

2005-05-01

121

Developing visual competencies for socially assistive robots: the HOBBIT approach  

E-print Network

Developing visual competencies for socially assistive robots: the HOBBIT approach K. Papoutsakis, P developing visual competencies for socially assistive robots within the framework of the HOBBIT project. We to realize the first robotic prototype (PT1) of the HOBBIT project1 . HOBBIT aims to develop a robotic

Argyros, Antonis

122

An Experimental Project to Develop Evaluation Criteria for Competency-Based Instruction through Video Recording and Micro-Teaching Techniques Within the Student Teaching Experience in Business Education with Special Emphasis in Typewriting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The necessity for program modification to meet existing local needs and the current thrust toward competency-based instruction led to this curriculum development project. The intent of the project was to determine the feasibility of incorporating educational innovations within the Business Education Student Teaching Program in order to begin to…

Meiss, Jack L.

123

Vocational Education Students' Generic Working Life Competencies: Developing a Self-Assessment Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study reports on the process of developing a self-assessment instrument for vocational education students' generic working life competencies. The instrument was developed based on a competence framework and in close collaboration with several vocational education teachers and intermediary organisations offering various human…

Kyndt, Eva; Janssens, Ine; Coertjens, Liesje; Gijbels, David; Donche, Vincent; Van Petegem, Peter

2014-01-01

124

Competency-Based Performance Appraisals: Improving Performance Evaluations of School Nutrition Managers and Assistants/Technicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the research was to develop a competency-based performance appraisal resource for evaluating school nutrition (SN) managers and assistants/technicians. Methods: A two-phased process was used to develop the competency-based performance appraisal resource for SN managers and assistants/technicians. In Phase I, draft…

Cross, Evelina W.; Asperin, Amelia Estepa; Nettles, Mary Frances

2009-01-01

125

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competencies through Experiential Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on experiential learning as a teaching and learning methodology to increase students' multicultural counseling competencies. Outlines ethical and practical suggestions for using experiential learning in multicultural counseling curriculum. (Contains 43 references.) (GCP)

Arthur, Nancy; Achenbach, Kathleen

2002-01-01

126

Development of an Adjudicative Competence Research Measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a When the MacArthur Adjudicative Competence project began in 1989, several measures were available to the field for evaluating\\u000a “competence to stand trial.” As noted in Chapter 1, the impetus for many of these measures had come from mental health professionals\\u000a who attempted to operationalize the judicial and statutory standards in order to facilitate assessments. The array of measures\\u000a ranged from

Norman G. Poythress; Richard J. Bonnie; John Monahan; Randy Otto; Steven K. Hoge

127

Formal and Integrated Strategies for Competence Development in SMEs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of the relationships among the workplace as a learning environment, strategies for competence development used by SMEs and learning outcomes. Specifically, there is a focus on a distinction between formal and integrated strategies for competence development, the conditions under which…

Kock, Henrik; Ellstrom, Per-Erik

2011-01-01

128

Knowledge Management Model: Practical Application for Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to present a knowledge management (KM) conceptual model for competency development and a case study in a law service firm, which implemented the KM model in a competencies development program. Design/methodology/approach: The case study method was applied according to Yin (2003) concepts, focusing a six-professional group…

Lustri, Denise; Miura, Irene; Takahashi, Sergio

2007-01-01

129

The Integrated Personnel Development System: The Training and Development of Competent Firefighters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article enquires into the nature of an emergent continuous professional development (CPD) mechanism for firefighters in the form of an Integrated Personnel Development System (IPDS), which proposes to base future training for every rank in the service on the acquisition and demonstration of competence for role. IPDS is due to be introduced…

Moran, Peter; Starling, Paul

2005-01-01

130

How scientists develop competence in visual communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Visuals (maps, charts, diagrams and illustrations) are an important tool for communication in most scientific disciplines, which means that scientists benefit from having strong visual communication skills. This dissertation examines the nature of competence in visual communication and the means by which scientists acquire this competence. This examination takes the form of an extensive multi-disciplinary integrative literature review and a series of interviews with graduate-level science students. The results are presented as a conceptual framework that lays out the components of competence in visual communication, including the communicative goals of science visuals, the characteristics of effective visuals, the skills and knowledge needed to create effective visuals and the learning experiences that promote the acquisition of these forms of skill and knowledge. This conceptual framework can be used to inform pedagogy and thus help graduate students achieve a higher level of competency in this area; it can also be used to identify aspects of acquiring competence in visual communication that need further study.

Ostergren, Marilyn

131

Effects of Collaborative Musical Theater on the Development of Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This study analyzes the social competence of university students of the Music Education Teaching Degree through variables group climate, team cohesion and social skills. The need to develop good social competence was the basis to implement a project based on the musical theater applied according to the collaborative learning…

Perez-Aldeguer, Santiago

2013-01-01

132

Competence Development of Entrepreneurs in Innovative Horticulture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the learning of entrepreneurs in authentic learning environments. The research questions are: How do entrepreneurs assess their compentencies, and how do employees and external consultants assess the compentencies of these entrepreneurs? What are the competence strengths and weaknesses of…

Mulder, Martin; Lans, Thomas; Verstegen, Jos; Biemans, Harm; Meijer, Ypie

2007-01-01

133

Productivity in public welfare services is changing: the standpoint of strategic competence-based management.  

PubMed

In Finland the municipal restructuring project was launched in 2005. Its goal is to create a system that ensures high-quality municipal welfare services for everyone, continuing into the future. The main focus of this research is to examine the tension between strategic competence-based management and productivity in public welfare services. The theoretical basis covers theories regarding strategic competence-based management and productivity. To guarantee services and quality it is important to strengthen the supply of employees, competence, development, leverage, and benefits in public organizations. Leadership has a significant role in strategic competence-based management. PMID:23944166

Ollila, Seija

2013-01-01

134

Competence-Based Education and Training--About Frequently Asked Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article follows the author's previous piece on practical guidelines for the development of comprehensive competence-based education and training (Mulder, 2012). It is about the questions that have been and are still frequently asked in presentations, workshops and classes about the introduction of competence-based education. Here, the author…

Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

135

Iowa Department of Education Guidelines for PK-12 Competency-Based Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidelines for developing competency-based pathways in Iowa districts and schools and outlines waiver requirements and procedures. Competency-based pathways provide ways to validate learning of standards that occurs outside the structure of the traditional school and offer flexibility for schools to engage students in…

Iowa Department of Education, 2013

2013-01-01

136

Increasing Cultural Competence through Needs Assessment and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing cultural diversity of American students makes it imperative for school-based professionals to engage in culturally-competent practice, thereby ensuring high-quality mental health services. Although most cultural competence training occurs in university programs, research shows practicing mental health professionals would benefit…

Smith, Natasha L.; Bahr, Michael W.

2014-01-01

137

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence through the Use of Portfolios.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the ability of portfolios to stimulate the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence within counselors-in-training. It also compares the efficacy of portfolios to case formulation, another method of competence development. Students (N=27) attending a required course on multicultural counseling at a large Midwestern…

Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Morris, Dianne; Norton, Romana A.

138

E-portfolios: developing nurse practitioner competence and capability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective This paper aims to integrate nurse practitioner literature on competence and capability with post graduate and nursing literature on e?portfolios in order to demonstrate the potential merits of e?portfolios in nurse practitioner education for competence and capability development. Primary Argument

Debra Anderson; Glenn Gardner

139

ICT-enhanced Teacher training for Lifelong Competence Development  

E-print Network

ICT-enhanced Teacher training for Lifelong Competence Development "The greatest value of e are giving an example of how Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) can enhance the process of ICT. We show how the use of Learning Design centred software platform for lifelong competence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

140

Multicultural Counseling Competencies, 2003: Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book updates earlier Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (AMCD) multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). Each chapter author particularizes definitions and/or conceptualizations of multicultural competencies to the topic of his or her chapter. The present document operationalizes the MCC into practice examples,…

Roysircar, Gargi; Arredondo, Patricia; Fuertes, Jairo N.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Toporek, Rebecca L.

141

Individualized Education and Competency Development of Croatian Community Pharmacists Using the General Level Framework  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To measure Croatian community pharmacists’ progress in competency development using the General Level Framework (GLF) as an educational tool in a longitudinal study. Methods. Patient care competencies of 100 community pharmacists were evaluated twice, in 2009 and in 2010 in a prospective cohort study. During this 12-month period, tailored educational programs based on the GLF were organized and conducted, new services and standard operating procedures were implemented, and documentation of contributions to patient care in the pharmacist’s portfolio became mandatory. Results. Pharmacists’ development of all GLF patient care competencies was significant with the greatest improvements seen in the following competencies: patient consultation, monitoring drug therapy, medicine information and patient education, and evaluation of outcomes. Conclusions. This study, which retested the effectiveness of an evidence-based competency framework, confirmed that GLF is a valid educational tool for pharmacist development. PMID:22438595

Stani?i?, Živka; Hadžiabdi?, Maja Ortner; Mucalo, Iva; Bates, Ian; Duggan, Catherine; Carter, Sarah; Bruno, Andreia; Koši?ek, Miljenko

2012-01-01

142

Ohio State University Extension Competency Study: Developing a Competency Model for a 21st Century Extension Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on competency-based human resource (HR) management provides a strong case for moving from a jobs-based to a competency-based approach to human resources. There is agreement in the literature (Dubois, Rothwell, Stern, & Kemp, 2004; Lucia & Lepsinger, 1999) on the benefits of using competencies throughout HR systems and impact has…

Cochran, Graham Ralph

2009-01-01

143

Designing a process for simulation-based annual nurse competency assessment.  

PubMed

The education council at Orlando Regional Medical Center identified a need to improve the annual nurse competency assessment. A revision process was implemented to improve the method and efficiency of assessing nurse competency. This process included evaluating population-specific competencies using simulation-based scenarios that were developed by a multidisciplinary team. The results showed high participant satisfaction scores and cost savings because of an individualized, efficient approach and bundling of resources. PMID:23222424

Waterval, Eugene M E; Stephan, Kelly; Peczinka, Denise; Shaw, Amber

2012-01-01

144

Moral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Moral competence refers to the affective orientation to perform altruistic behaviors and the ability to judge moral issues logically. A five-stage theory of moral development is proposed. Both western and Chinese perspectives are incorporated in the elaboration of the characteristics of each stage. A brief review of the antecedents of moral competence is presented. The relationship between moral competence and adolescent developmental outcomes is also discussed. Some practical ways to promote moral competence are suggested. School-based programs may be effective in the promotion of moral competence provided it is based on all-round or whole-person development and the length of the program should be sufficiently long. PMID:22629153

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

145

Beyond NAVMEC: competency-based veterinary education and assessment of the professional competencies.  

PubMed

The implementation of competency-based curricula within the health sciences has been an important paradigm shift over the past 30 years. As a result, one of the five strategic goals recommended by the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium (NAVMEC) report was to graduate career-ready veterinarians who are proficient in, and have the confidence to use, an agreed-upon set of core competencies. Of the nine competencies identified as essential for veterinary graduates, seven could be classified as professional or non-technical competencies: communication; collaboration; management (self, team, system); lifelong learning, scholarship, value of research; leadership; diversity and multicultural awareness; and adaptation to changing environments. Traditionally, the professional competencies have received less attention in veterinary curricula and their assessment is often sporadic or inconsistent. In contrast, the same or similar competencies are being increasingly recognized in other health professions as essential skills and abilities, and their assessment is being undertaken with enhanced scrutiny and critical appraisal. Several challenges have been associated with the assessment of professional competencies, including agreement as to their definition and therefore their evaluation, the fact that they are frequently complex and require multiple integrative assessments, and the ability and/or desire of faculty to teach and assess these competencies. To provide an improved context for assessment of the seven professional competencies identified in the NAVMEC report, this article describes a broad framework for their evaluation as well as specific examples of how these or similar competencies are currently being measured in medical and veterinary curricula. PMID:23709107

Hodgson, Jennifer L; Pelzer, Jacquelyn M; Inzana, Karen D

2013-01-01

146

Interlanguage Pragmatic Development: The Relation between Pragmalinguistic Competence and Sociopragmatic Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past few years saw significant advances in the field of interlanguage pragmatics development since several researchers' call for more studies focusing on the development of pragmatic competence of second or foreign language learners. The existing literature, however, still leaves us an incomplete picture of the nature of the relation between…

Chang, Yuh-Fang

2011-01-01

147

Competency-Based Adult High School Curriculum Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of program materials serves as an introduction to and overview of Florida's Brevard Community College's (BCC's) Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Project, which was conducted to teach administrators, counselors, and teachers how to organize and implement a competency-based adult education (CBAE) program; to critique…

Singer, Elizabeth

148

Adaptive Learning Objects Sequencing for Competence-Based Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lifelong learning refers to the activities people perform throughout their life to improve their competence in a particular field. Although adaptive educational hypermedia systems (AEHS) bare the potential to provide personalized learning experiences based on individual's knowledge, skills, and competencies, so far they have been confined in the provision of knowledge resources that are adaptively selected based on the structure

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson

2006-01-01

149

Student Monitoring Procedures for Competency-Based Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A diverse set of techniques for monitoring student progress within competency-based programs of a public community college are discussed and evaluated. Approaches include placement testing, entry self-testing, computer-generated entry surveying and test generation, computer records management, student manuals, and competency-based transcripts.…

Feasley, Charles E.

1978-01-01

150

Competency-Based Models of Learning for Engineers: A Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the goals of higher professional education is to develop generic student competencies across a variety of disciplines that play a crucial role in education and that provide wider opportunities for graduates in finding good jobs and more chance of promotion. In this article a list of generic competencies developed in Russian universities is…

Lunev, Alexander; Petrova, Irina; Zaripova, Viktoria

2013-01-01

151

Development and validation of the sense of competence scale - revised.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to measure the sense of competence of traditional age college students across the dimensions that define the construct. The Sense of Competence Scale-Revised (SCS-R) was developed to provide a measure of Chickering's (1969) first vector, an important psychosocial construct. Administrators can use data from the instrument to modify an institution's academic and social environment to enhance the development of the intellectual, physical, and interpersonal competencies of college students. During the development and validation, various aspects of the SCS-R were examined in accordance with the validity framework outlined by Messick (1995). Of the six types of validity evidence proposed by Messick (1995), four were the primary focus: content, substantive, structural and generalizability. The evidence generated from the study suggested that the chosen items for the SCS-R support the validity of estimates of a student's personal assessment of their sense of competence. PMID:23816617

McFadden, Cara; Skaggs, Gary; Janosik, Steven

2013-01-01

152

An Analysis of the Competency-Based Secondary Mathematics Curriculum in Sri Lanka  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In education, there is a growing interest in the concept of "competency" especially in vocational training and professional development. The concept is strongly associated with the ability to apply knowledge and skills in effective ways in unanticipated situations. In Sri Lanka, a new competency-based mathematics curriculum was…

Egodawatte, Gunawardena

2014-01-01

153

Basic Vocational Counseling Skills for the Occupational Specialist. Competency-Based Modular Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This self-instructional module, one volume of a series of competency-based modules in human relations skills for occupational specialists, is designed to help the specialist understand the complexity of vocational counseling and to facilitate the development of skills and competencies needed to adequately provide vocational counseling. Other…

Boland, Jeanne M.; Chick, Joyce M., Ed.

154

Tractor Mechanic--Teacher's Guide. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the Tractor Mechanic Competency Based Education (CBE) Curriculum (CE 022 480). The following information is included: a discussion of the uses of the Tractor Mechanic CBE curriculum; definitions of related terms; the table of contents for the Tractor Mechanic CBE curriculum; a list of competencies by…

McCann, Edward W.

155

Reproductive competence: a recurrent logic module in eukaryotic development  

PubMed Central

Developmental competence is the ability to differentiate in response to an appropriate stimulus, as first elaborated by Waddington in relation to organs and tissues. Competence thresholds operate at all levels of biological systems from the molecular (e.g. the cell cycle) to the ontological (e.g. metamorphosis and reproduction). Reproductive competence, an organismal process, is well studied in mammals (sexual maturity) and plants (vegetative phase change), though far less than later stages of terminal differentiation. The phenomenon has also been documented in multiple species of multicellular fungi, mostly in early, disparate literature, providing a clear example of physiological differentiation in the absence of morphological change. This review brings together data on reproductive competence in Ascomycete fungi, particularly the model filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans, contrasting mechanisms within Unikonts and plants. We posit reproductive competence is an elementary logic module necessary for coordinated development of multicellular organisms or functional units. This includes unitary multicellular life as well as colonial species both unicellular and multicellular (e.g. social insects such as ants). We discuss adaptive hypotheses for developmental and reproductive competence systems and suggest experimental work to address the evolutionary origins, generality and genetic basis of competence in the fungal kingdom. PMID:23864594

Noble, Luke M.; Andrianopoulos, Alex

2013-01-01

156

Realizing the Promise of Competency-Based Medical Education.  

PubMed

Competency-based medical education (CBME) places a premium on both educational and clinical outcomes. The Milestones component of the Next Accreditation System represents a fundamental change in medical education in the United States and is part of the drive to realize the full promise of CBME. The Milestones framework provides a descriptive blueprint in each specialty to guide curriculum development and assessment practices.From the beginning of the Outcomes project in 1999, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the larger medical education community recognized the importance of improving their approach to assessment. Work-based assessments, which rely heavily on the observations and judgments of clinical faculty, are central to a competency-based approach. The direct observation of learners and the provision of robust feedback have always been recognized as critical components of medical education, but CBME systems further elevate their importance. Without effective and frequent direct observation, coaching, and feedback, the full potential of CBME and the Milestones cannot be achieved. Furthermore, simply using the Milestones as end-of-rotation evaluations to "check the box" to meet requirements undermines the intent of an outcomes-based accreditation system.In this Commentary, the author explores these challenges, addressing the concerns raised by Williams and colleagues in their Commentary. Meeting the assessment challenges of the Milestones will require a renewed commitment from institutions to meet the profession's "special obligations" to patients and learners. All stakeholders in graduate medical education must commit to a professional system of self-regulation to prepare highly competent physicians to fulfill this social contract. PMID:25295967

Holmboe, Eric S

2014-10-01

157

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new…

Pant, Laxmi Prasad

2012-01-01

158

Key Competencies: Overall Goals for Competence Development: An International and Interdisciplinary Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lifelong learning and competence or skill development are key notions in international efforts to meet the demands and challenges\\u000a of a globalized, rapidly changing and increasingly complex world, and to promote economically, socially and environmentally\\u000a sustainable development. Monitoring education and training systems has become a critical issue on the political agenda all\\u000a over the world.

Dominique Simone Rychen

159

Development of Entry-Level Competence Tests: A Strategy for Evaluation of Vocational Education Training Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing countries such as Malaysia and Oman have recently established occupational standards based on core work processes (functional clusters of work objects, activities and performance requirements), to which competencies (performance determinants) can be linked. While the development of work-process-based occupational standards is supposed…

Schutte, Marc; Spottl, Georg

2011-01-01

160

Developing Competency Rating Scales in Adult Literacy: An Analytical Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the conceptual framework underpinning the development of competency rating scales for adult literacy. It provides a rationale for a project that was conducted in Australia during International Literacy Year (1990) to develop appropriate ratings scales to assess adults' literacy and numeracy skills. The paper examines the…

Griffin, Patrick; And Others

161

The Development of Community Competence in the Teacher Education Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are expected to frequently collaborate within teacher communities in schools. This requires teacher education to prepare student teachers by developing the necessary community competence. The present study empirically investigates the extent to which teacher education programmes pay attention to and aim to stimulate the development of…

Dobber, Marjolein; Vandyck, Inne; Akkerman, Sanne; Graaff, Rick de; Beishuizen, Jos; Pilot, Albert; Verloop, Nico; Vermunt, Jan

2013-01-01

162

Developing supply chain management program: a competency model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to show the process of designing and measuring learning competencies in program development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper includes cross-sectoral comparisons to draw on programmatic and pedagogical strategies, more commonly utilized in vocational education, and transfer the application of these strategies into curriculum development in higher education. Using a case study approach, the paper details the

Matthew H. Sauber; Hugh B. McSurely; V. M. Rao Tummala

2008-01-01

163

Social Competency and New Product Development Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have fruitfully investigated the suc- cess factors of new product development. Most of these studies explored the phenomenon from the firm\\/team level. Little has been done from the perspective of how individuals within new prod- uct teams contribute to new product development (NPD) and its performance. Yet, any organizational output should be imputable to specific individuals, and understanding

Jifeng Mu; Gengmiao Zhang; Douglas L. MacLachlan

2011-01-01

164

Exploring the Validity and Robustness of a Competency Self-Report Instrument for Vocational and Higher Competence-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the effectiveness of competence-based education (CB-education) across educational contexts and levels requires a new evaluation measurement. This study explores the face validity, construct validity, and robustness of a competency self-report instrument that is aligned with contemporary competence theory and with current educational…

Khaled, Anne E.; Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Tobi, Hilde; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Oonk, Carla; Mulder, Martin

2014-01-01

165

ELM Branches Out! A Language and Life Skill Competency Based Curriculum Integrated with MELT Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An adult education curriculum integrating language and life skills instruction for students of English as a Second Language, based on the English Language Matrix (ELM) model, is presented. The curriculum is designed to meet the adult language learner's life competency needs, integrating communicative language skills of listening, interpreting…

Bell, Eleanora S.; Evans, Twila S.

166

A Web-based Tool for Teaching Pharmacy Practice Competency  

PubMed Central

Objective To implement and assess the effectiveness of the Strathclyde Computerized Randomized Interactive Prescription Tutor (SCRIPT) in teaching a competency-based undergraduate pharmacy course. Design Data on students' access to SCRIPT, collected by quantitative electronic data capture, were analyzed to determine student usage patterns and correlations between usage and grades in class assessments. Data on students' perceptions were collected by electronic questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. Teaching staff members also were interviewed. Assessment Two hundred forty-three students accessed SCRIPT a median of 23 times each. Students accessed SCRIPT predominantly at times outside normal teaching hours and tended to access the tool more often in the 48 hours preceding class assessments. Feedback from students indicated overall satisfaction with the tool to compliment the timetabled teaching sessions but highlighted that more specific feedback on the examples was required. All staff comments were positive. Conclusions Students and teaching staff members valued SCRIPT as a tool to compliment teaching of the competency-based pharmacy practice classes in the MPharm degree. Future developments of SCRIPT will include expanded feedback for students, the capability to link the release of each SCRIPT exercise with the date the content is taught in class, and additional tools to facilitate “just in time” teaching. PMID:20414440

Zlotos, Leon; Kayne, Lee; Thompson, Ian; Kane, Kathleen A.

2010-01-01

167

Developing a Competency-Based Elementary Teacher Education Program at Norfolk State College Based on the Implications-Study of the Comprehensive Elementary Teacher Education Models. Final Report. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents instructional modules of the competency-based elementary teacher education program at Norfolk State College. A three-fold criterion formed the basis of the instructional module: 1) knowledge of criteria, which are employed to assess only the first level of learning; 2) performance criteria, which are used to assess the…

Hafiz, M. Sharif

168

The development of an online measure of therapist competence.  

PubMed

The topic of therapist training has been relatively neglected in the research literature. Similarly, the related issue of the measurement of the outcome of training, especially therapist competence, has been largely overlooked. Data supporting the effectiveness of various methods of clinician training and those providing estimates of the level of competence achieved by clinicians are scarce. Validated scalable methods for the measurement of clinician outcomes such as competence are required to evaluate both existing and new methods of training. This study focuses on the development and testing of an online measure (eMeasure) to assess therapists' applied knowledge of Enhanced Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT-E), a transdiagnostic evidence-supported treatment for the full range of eating disorders. The eMeasure meets the stringent requirements of the Rasch model and has three equivalent versions making it suitable for repeat testing of trainees in outcome studies. Preliminary best cut points to distinguish between those who are competent and those who are not are identified. While the present work focused on CBT-E, the method described may be used to develop and test other measures relating to therapist competence. PMID:25528502

Cooper, Zafra; Doll, Helen; Bailey-Straebler, Suzanne; Kluczniok, Dorothea; Murphy, Rebecca; O'Connor, Marianne E; Fairburn, Christopher G

2015-01-01

169

The development of an online measure of therapist competence?  

PubMed Central

The topic of therapist training has been relatively neglected in the research literature. Similarly, the related issue of the measurement of the outcome of training, especially therapist competence, has been largely overlooked. Data supporting the effectiveness of various methods of clinician training and those providing estimates of the level of competence achieved by clinicians are scarce. Validated scalable methods for the measurement of clinician outcomes such as competence are required to evaluate both existing and new methods of training. This study focuses on the development and testing of an online measure (eMeasure) to assess therapists' applied knowledge of Enhanced Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT-E), a transdiagnostic evidence-supported treatment for the full range of eating disorders. The eMeasure meets the stringent requirements of the Rasch model and has three equivalent versions making it suitable for repeat testing of trainees in outcome studies. Preliminary best cut points to distinguish between those who are competent and those who are not are identified. While the present work focused on CBT-E, the method described may be used to develop and test other measures relating to therapist competence. PMID:25528502

Cooper, Zafra; Doll, Helen; Bailey-Straebler, Suzanne; Kluczniok, Dorothea; Murphy, Rebecca; O'Connor, Marianne E.; Fairburn, Christopher G.

2015-01-01

170

Developing Clinical Competencies to Assess Learning Needs and Outcomes: The Experience of the CS2day Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An outcomes-based education (OBE) approach was desired for the CS2day initiative, and the size and scope of the initiative compelled a consistent and cohesive framework in order to apply such an approach. A series of competency statements were developed to provide that framework. The competency statements were based on current clinical guidelines,…

McKeithen, Tom; Robertson, Sheila; Speight, Mike

2011-01-01

171

Barclay's Approach To Developing and Measuring Competence via Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Training Development Group of Barclays Bank (United Kingdom) was formed in 1989 to design cost effective training for the banks employees. Describes the bank's "systems approach" to training design: the training needs analysis, identification of performance competences, determination of behavioral objectives, selection of instructional…

Christian-Carter, Judith

1992-01-01

172

Bilingual Competence and Bilingual Proficiency in Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When two or more languages are part of a child's world, we are presented with a rich opportunity to learn something about language in general and about how the mind works. In this book, Norbert Francis examines the development of bilingual proficiency and the different kinds of competence that come together in making up its component parts. In…

Francis, Norbert

2011-01-01

173

Child Rearing Practices and the Development of Competence. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a pilot project which involved the development and evaluation of an experimental treatment (training program) suitable for a longitudinal study in which the effects of child rearing practices on general competence in young children are being studied. Eleven families participated in the pilot training program which…

White, Burton L.; And Others

174

Promoting Ego Development and Multicultural Competence during Internship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research involved an exploratory intervention to determine the effectiveness of using a deliberate psychological education (DPE) approach that incorporated issues of ethics, multicultural competence, oppression and diversity. The study attempted to discern if the DPE model used could make a difference in the promotion of ego development

Cannon, Edward P.; Frank, Dennis

2009-01-01

175

Reading Culture: Using Literature To Develop C2 Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a qualitative research project designed to explore the relationship between the study of a foreign language literary text and the development of competence in a second culture (C2). Compared the attitudes and performances of students who read a fact sheet about Cote d'Ivoire to students who studied a poem about Cote d'Ivoire. Students…

Scott, Virginia M.; Huntington, Julie A.

2002-01-01

176

School of Science Educational Goals Endeavor to develop science competency  

E-print Network

School of Science Educational Goals Endeavor to develop science competency Educate our students and finance, and to raise the overall scientific literacy of our general public during their undergraduate and working lives. Intended learning outcome of science students Upon graduation, students should: 1. Be able

Li, Kin-Yin

177

Developing Supply Chain Management Program: A Competency Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to show the process of designing and measuring learning competencies in program development. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes cross-sectoral comparisons to draw on programmatic and pedagogical strategies, more commonly utilized in vocational education, and transfer the application of these strategies into…

Sauber, Matthew H.; McSurely, Hugh B.; Tummala, V. M. Rao

2008-01-01

178

Developing Broad Business Perspective Competencies by Partnering with Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The CPA Vision Project-2011 and Beyond) is a blueprint for the accounting profession of the 21st Century. From this visioning process the AICPA Core Competency Framework for Entry into the Accounting Profession (1999) was developed. It is from this framework that accounting educators are invited to adjust curriculum to provide students with the…

Cummings, Richard; Miller, Mark W.

2006-01-01

179

Motivating Law Students to Develop Competent Legal Research Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of a recent survey indicate that most law students do not consider learning legal research skills important. This article addresses ways in which academic law librarians can help counter negative attitudes toward legal research. The article also contains suggestions for helping motivate law students to develop competent legal research skills. The author encourages academic law librarians to assert

Kory D. Staheli

1995-01-01

180

The Challenges in Developing VET Competencies in E-Commerce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A formative evaluation was begun of an innovative project funded by the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) to develop competencies and qualifications in e-commerce. The formative evaluation was designed to focus on inputs, processes, and interim outputs, identifying both good practice and areas for improvement. Findings to date…

Mitchell, John

181

Design of the Accounting Course Focusing on the Development of Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this work is to develop a proposal for a methodology in the university environment that enables us to design our course with an approach based on the development and acquisition of competences within the framework of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), allowing a transition from a model focused on teaching to a model focused on…

Ciudad-Gomez, Adelaida

2011-01-01

182

Development and Initial Validation of the Multicultural Competence Change Scale for Psychology Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development, maintenance, and integration of multicultural competence into all aspects of psychologists' work is critical to ethical practice in an increasingly diverse society. Measurement of multicultural competency is critical to investigating the development of multicultural competence and the effectiveness of multicultural competency

Caban, Alisia Rose

2010-01-01

183

The development of a family intervention competency assessment and reflection scale (FICARS) for psychosis.  

PubMed

Family intervention (FI) for psychosis has a robust evidence base. In recommending its use the revised NICE schizophrenia guideline states 'Healthcare professionals providing psychological interventions should have an appropriate level of competence'. Yet, no definitive instrument exists to outline what competences are required during and post FI training or help recruit staff with the appropriate knowledge and skill. This paper reports on the development of a Family Intervention competency assessment and reflection scale (FICARS). Using a systematic three-staged approach commonly used in health outcomes measurement development, a comprehensive literature review on UK-based FI training and commonly used assessment tools was undertaken. A FICARS draft was then constructed and revised in consultation with expert FI clinicians. Finally, a content validity study with FI trainers and students across three FI training programmes was undertaken to optimize FICARS aim to promote reflective assessment and professional development in FI skills and practice. PMID:23163778

Gamble, C; Sin, J; Kelly, M; O'Loughlin, D; Moone, N

2013-10-01

184

A Competency Based, Individualized Course Design for ENG [English] 101.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based, individualized, English course was designed so that, at any one time, students would be working toward a grade of C, B, or A. While some students, based on a pre-course writing evaluation, might begin work at an advanced level, other students might spend the whole semester attempting to achieve the skills required for a C.…

Ramsden, Patricia; Watkins, Clyde

185

Development and psychometric evaluation of the competency inventory for nursing students: a learning outcome perspective.  

PubMed

Deficiency in essential core competencies could jeopardize the safety of patients. Adopting the outcome-based approach, a set of minimally required core competencies for nursing students was developed to ensure the quality of nursing education. Determination of what point to measure competency is needed. Most importantly, competence indicators of nursing students can be used in curriculum development, planning, and learning outcome evaluation. The purpose of this study was to develop a competency inventory to measure learning outcomes of baccalaureate nursing students and to test its psychometric properties. Psychometric testing was conducted with a convenience sample of 599 nursing students in 2011. Principal axis factor analysis was performed on the 52-item scale to determine construct validity and Cronbach's alpha was used to measure the internal consistency. Principal axis factoring method identified six factors through the direct oblimin rotations including pattern matrix and structure matrix: ethical and responsibility, general clinical skills, lifelong learning, clinical biomedical science, caring and critical thinking reasoning. Exploratory factor analysis yielded an instrument with 43-items on six factors, accounting for 69.84% of the variance in scores. The Competency Inventory of Nursing Students (CINS) factors ranged from 0.91 to 0.98. This study shows that the Competency Inventory of Nursing Students has satisfactory psychometric properties and could be a useful instrument for measuring learning outcomes of nursing student. The competence indicators show merit for assessing learning outcomes for nursing students in nursing education. However, a cross-validation of the scale with another sample is also needed. PMID:22727581

Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing

2013-05-01

186

Competence Development in the Public Sector: Development, or Dismantling of Professionalism?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than a decade, competence development has been a key concept of modern management in both the private and the public sector, but to some extent its meaning and practice have been different in the two sectors. In the public sector in particular, competence development has been closely related to a number of other buzzwords characterizing…

Hjort, Katrin

2008-01-01

187

Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos  

PubMed Central

Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother–offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence. PMID:24127600

Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B. M.

2013-01-01

188

Proceedings of the Conference on Competency-Based Training (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, November 27-29, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains summaries of five workshops, each with several speakers, held at a conference on competency-based training (CBT) in Australia. The following are included in Session 1, Developing and Delivering CBT Programs: "Developing and Delivering CBT Programs--Opening Speech" (Steve McDonald); "Competency Standards and the CBT System"…

Carey, Cristene, Ed.

189

Moving toward a Competency-based Human Resources Process: A Prize-Winner for the University of Calgary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Calgary (Alberta) was recognized for adopting competency-based human resource processes that focus on developing and rewarding staff for demonstrating competencies critical to the university's success. Programs and resources were redirected to support staff learning, attendance at learning and development programs increased by…

Daigle, Barb

2001-01-01

190

The Development, Validity, and Reliability of a Psychometric Instrument Measuring Competencies in Student Affairs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study of competencies in student affairs began more than 4 decades ago, but no instrument currently exists to measure competencies broadly. This study builds upon previous research by developing an instrument to measure student affairs competencies. Results not only validate the competencies espoused by NASPA and ACPA, but also suggest adding…

Sriram, Rishi

2014-01-01

191

A single competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce: discussing the potential value add  

PubMed Central

This brief discusses the policy implications of a research study commissioned by Health Workforce Australia (HWA) within its health workforce innovation and reform work program. The project explored conceptually complex and operationally problematic concepts related to developing a whole-of-workforce competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce and culminated with the production of three reports published by HWA. The project raised important queries as to whether such a concept is desirable, feasible or implementable – in short what is the potential value add and is it achievable? In setting the scene for discussion, the foundation of the project’s genesis and focus of the study are highlighted. A summary of key definitions related to competency-based education and training frameworks and competency-based career frameworks are provided to further readers’ commonality of understanding. The nature of the problem to be solved is explored and the potential value-add for the Australian health workforce and its key constituents proposed. The paper concludes by discussing relevance and feasibility issues within Australia’s current and changing healthcare context along with the essential steps and implementation realities that would need to be considered and actioned if whole-of-workforce frameworks were to be developed and implemented. PMID:25279384

Brownie, Sharon Mary; Thomas, Janelle

2014-01-01

192

A single competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce: discussing the potential value add.  

PubMed

This brief discusses the policy implications of a research study commissioned by Health Workforce Australia (HWA) within its health workforce innovation and reform work program. The project explored conceptually complex and operationally problematic concepts related to developing a whole-of-workforce competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce and culminated with the production of three reports published by HWA. The project raised important queries as to whether such a concept is desirable, feasible or implementable - in short what is the potential value add and is it achievable? In setting the scene for discussion, the foundation of the project's genesis and focus of the study are highlighted. A summary of key definitions related to competency-based education and training frameworks and competency-based career frameworks are provided to further readers' commonality of understanding. The nature of the problem to be solved is explored and the potential value-add for the Australian health workforce and its key constituents proposed. The paper concludes by discussing relevance and feasibility issues within Australia's current and changing healthcare context along with the essential steps and implementation realities that would need to be considered and actioned if whole-of-workforce frameworks were to be developed and implemented. PMID:25279384

Brownie, Sharon Mary; Thomas, Janelle

2014-09-01

193

Kentucky's Early Childhood Professional Development Initiative to Promote Social-Emotional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the Kentucky Initiative for Social Skill and Emotional Development which provides annual training and technical assistance to build early childhood programs' capacity to deliver practices known to promote social and emotional competency. The initiative is based on the 3-tiered Positive Behavior Support model that teaches…

McLaren, Elizabeth M.; Hall, Phyllis J.; Fox, Pamela

2009-01-01

194

Task Listing for Respiratory Therapy Assistant. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional task listing is designed to be used in combination with the "Health Occupations Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in the respiratory therapy assistant program in Virginia. The task listing contains three major sections: (1) duty areas; (2) a program description; and (3) a content…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

195

Teacher's Guide for Competency Based Core Curriculum for Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is intended to acompany the Competency Based Core Curriculum for Health Occupations student materials--see note. Contents include suggested tests and answer keys for student evaluation and a tool and equipment list. A comprehensive bibliography is organized into these topics: dental hygiene, medical laboratory technology,…

Meckley, Richard; And Others

196

Project ABC: Advancement Based on Competency. Summative Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project ABC (Advancement Based on Competency) was a 5-year study funded jointly by the Alberta Department of Education and the Calgary Board of Education. Funded at $999,950, the program took place from 1982 to 1987. It explored alternatives to the Carnegie Unit in three senior high schools. Students, teachers, and administrators in the William…

Barrington, Gail V.; And Others

197

A Competency Based Teacher Education Program for N-6 Certification.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes a program which attempts to comply with the New York State Regents' plan requiring that all programs leading to teacher certification be reorganized in a competency-based, field-centered format. Part one of the document is a note to the student. Part two is a description of the program, including (a) a position statement;…

State Univ. of New York, Potsdam. Coll. at Potsdam.

198

Discipline, Governmentality and 25 Years of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the many critiques of competency-based approaches to education and training (CBT) is a strain which draws on Foucault's analysis of "disciplinary" power and knowledge. Foucault offered an interpretation of modern institutions, such as prisons, armies and schools, which revealed subtle mechanisms of surveillance and systems of knowledge that…

Hodge, Steven; Harris, Roger

2012-01-01

199

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Manufacturing Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based Prevocational Manufacturing Exploration curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. The guide is intended to help instructors give students career exploration activities in the various fields and job categories of manufacturing. The guide is organized into 18 learning…

Thompson, William R.

200

Manufacturing Exploration. Practical Arts. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides curriculum materials for implementing a career exploration class in manufacturing occupations within a Practical Arts Education program for middle/junior high school students. Introductory materials include the program master sequence, a list of manufacturing occupations, an overview of the competency-based instructional…

Keeton, Martha; And Others

201

Competency-Based Curriculum for Prevocational Exploration. Personal Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum was designed to aid teachers in West Virginia to provide students with information about careers in the personal services occupational cluster. The curriculum guide contains 43 lessons, organized into the four areas of attendant services, barber and beauty services, commercial services, and residential services,…

Marshall Univ., Huntington, WV. Dept. of Occupational, Adult, and Safety Education.

202

Prevocational Exploration Communications and Media. Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based communications and media-cluster curriculum is designed for use by teachers and students at the early high school level during the exploration of a variety of occupations. The purpose of the materials is to assist students in assessing whether or not they would like to prepare for these kinds of occupations. The curriculum…

Marshall Univ., Huntington, WV. Dept. of Occupational, Adult, and Safety Education.

203

Competency Based Curriculum for Prevocational Exploration Consumer and Homemaking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based prevocational exploration curriculum is designed to provide occupational information and hands-on experiences pertaining to consumer and homemaking occupations to ninth- and tenth-grade students. The curriculum consists of 45 learning pacs, 43 of which cover one service occupation each. Information for each service occupation…

Reese, Clara; Chenoweth, Roberta

204

College for America: Student-Centered, Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a new model of education that works with employers to help their employees gain the skills and credentials needed for promotions and career mobility. Southern New Hampshire University's College for America, a competency-based education model for working adults, increases their access to, and the convenience of higher…

Clerkin, Kris; Simon, Yvonne

2014-01-01

205

Competency Based Curriculum for Clothing Services and Production Sewing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to meet individual needs and learning levels of high school and postsecondary students enrolled in vocational training for occupations in clothing services and production sewing, this competency-based curriculum teaches skills in alterations, dressmaking, and power sewing machine operations. Skills are organized into 13 units: Awareness…

Blake, Charlotte

206

Model Competency-Based Instruction Project 1981-1982.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As an illustration of competency-based instruction in action, this publication contains a curriculum guide, sample lesson plans, and an explanation of how these materials were derived and implemented in a public school district Comprehensive Employment and Training Act vocational education program in Springfield, Missouri. The model contains a…

Sade, Patricia A.

207

Student Material for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student welding competency-based education curriculum consists of six units dealing with general areas related to trade occupations and nine units covering specific aspects of working with welding equipment and performing welding operations. Topics covered in the first six units are welding opportunities, human relations, safety, basic…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

208

Assessment of Competency-Based Instruction. Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent to which competency-based instruction (CBI) has been implemented in postsecondary-level vocational-technical education programs and courses throughout Texas was assessed. Questionnaires were mailed to the occupational education deans/directors of 69 public community and technical college campuses. Each dean/director distributed the…

Lovelace, Bill E.; LaBrecque, Suzanne V.

209

Education Reform and Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The core purpose of this paper is to describe a new educational paradigm as well as possible directions and tasks for education reform in the 21st century. The present-day education system has failed to nurture the kind of creative people who can play leading roles in development or to produce citizens of a good character and democratic…

Moon, Yong-lin

2007-01-01

210

Write Measurable Performance Objectives. Self-Instructional Competency-Based Professional Teacher Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is part of a series of self-instructional teacher training manuals designed to assist vocational-technical educators or industrial trainers to develop and implement competency-based vocational education (CBVE) programs. The purpose stated for this manual is for the instructor to learn to develop measurable performance objectives.…

Oen, Urban T.

211

Competence-Preserving Case-Deletion Strategy for Case Base Maintenance  

E-print Network

Competence-Preserving Case-Deletion Strategy for Case Base Maintenance Mohamed Karim Haouchine1 on a competence criterion using a novel approach. The proposed method combines an algorithm with a Competence one, on which, three case base maintenance approaches will be tested and evaluated by competence

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

212

Field-based generation and social validation managers and staff competencies for small community residences.  

PubMed

Characteristics and competencies for four staff positions in community residences for individuals with mental retardation were identified utilizing multiple empirical and deductive methods with field-based practitioners and field-based experts. The more commonly used competency generation methods of expert opinion and job performance analysis generated a high degree of knowledge and skill-based competencies similar to course curricula. Competencies generated by incumbent practitioners through open-ended methods of personal structured interview and critical incident analysis were ones which related to personal style, interpersonal interaction, and humanistic orientation. Although seldom included in staff, paraprofessional, or professional training curricula, these latter competencies include those identified by Carl Rogers as essential for developing an effective helping relationship in a therapeutic situation (i.e., showing liking, interest, and respect for the clients; being able to communicate positive regard to the client). Of 21 core competency statements selected as prerequisites to employment for all four staff positions, the majority (17 of 21) represented interpersonal skills important to working with others, including responsiveness to resident needs, personal valuation of persons with mental retardation, and normalization principles. PMID:3752986

Thousand, J S; Burchard, S N; Hasazi, J E

1986-01-01

213

[Design and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for medical education].  

PubMed

Competency-based education is a form of designing, developing, delivering and documenting instruction based on a set of objectives and results that have been recommended for medical education. This article describes the steps in the process of designing and implementing a competency-based curriculum at a new medical school in a Peruvian university. We present the process followed including context analysis, mission design, the professional profile, the content and organization of the curriculum as well as the evaluation and resources for the training. Finally, issues and challenges faced, as well as lessons learned are summarized. PMID:25418659

Risco de Domínguez, Graciela

2014-01-01

214

[Pedagogical strategies for developing ethical and political competence in nursing education].  

PubMed

This study presents a theoretical reflection that aims at identifying teaching strategies for the development of ethical-political dimension of professional competence from the perspective of critical reflection. Professional competence has two dimensions - technical and political, mediated by ethics. Critical reflection renew search ways of thinking and doing in health, with the ultimate goal of intervention in social reality, to improve the living conditions and health of communities. Highlights some educational tools such as portfolio, the field journal and written narratives, which allow producing a clear and objective account of the experience and assigning meaning and significance of what was accomplished. Based on a critical reflection, such instruments helped develop ethical-political dimension of professional competence. PMID:23743851

Burgatti, Juliane Cristina; Leonello, Valéria Marli; Bracialli, Luzmarina Aparecida Doretto; Oliveira, Maria Amélia de Campos

2013-01-01

215

Competency-Based Approaches: Linking Theory and Practice in Professional Education with Particular Reference to Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paul Hager and I worked on a large number of research projects and publications throughout the 1990s. The focus of this work was on developing a competency-based approach to professional education and assessment. I review this work and its impact over the years. Notwithstanding the fact that most professional associations today have a competency

Gonczi, Andrew

2013-01-01

216

Competencies for Financial Aid Officers: A Competency Model for Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial aid officers play a vital role in assisting prospective and current college students in enrolling and graduating from college. This study explores the competencies that financial aid officers need to be successful in their jobs. A survey of thirty competencies was distributed to 508 practicing financial aid officers in the Western United…

Woolf, Michael Neil

2012-01-01

217

Emotional Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

The concept of emotional competence as a positive youth development construct is reviewed in this paper. Differences between emotional intelligence and emotional competence are discussed and an operational definition is adopted. Assessment methods of emotional competence with an emphasis on its quantitative nature are introduced. In the discussion of theories of emotional competence, the functionalist and developmental perspectives and the relationships with positive youth development are highlighted. Possible antecedents, especially the influence of early child-caregiver, and expected outcomes of emotional competence are examined. Practical ways to promote emotional competence among adolescents, particularly the role of parents and teachers, and the future direction of research are also discussed. PMID:22666176

Lau, Patrick S. Y.; Wu, Florence K. Y.

2012-01-01

218

Assessing Knowledge Base on Geriatric Competencies for Emergency Medicine Residents  

PubMed Central

Introduction Emergency care of older adults requires specialized knowledge of their unique physiology, atypical presentations, and care transitions. Older adults often require distinctive assessment, treatment and disposition. Emergency medicine (EM) residents should develop expertise and efficiency in geriatric care. Older adults represent over 25% of most emergency department (ED) volumes. Yet many EM residencies lack curricula or assessment tools for competent geriatric care. Fully educating residents in emergency geriatric care can demand large amounts of limited conference time. The Geriatric Emergency Medicine Competencies (GEMC) are high-impact geriatric topics developed to help residencies efficiently and effectively meet this training demand. This study examines if a 2-hour didactic intervention can significantly improve resident knowledge in 7 key domains as identified by the GEMC across multiple programs. Methods A validated 29-question didactic test was administered at six EM residencies before and after a GEMC-focused lecture delivered in summer and fall of 2009. We analyzed scores as individual questions and in defined topic domains using a paired student t test. Results A total of 301 exams were administered; 86 to PGY1, 88 to PGY2, 86 to PGY3, and 41 to PGY4 residents. The testing of didactic knowledge before and after the GEMC educational intervention had high internal reliability (87.9%). The intervention significantly improved scores in all 7 GEMC domains (improvement 13.5% to 34.6%; p<0.001). For all questions, the improvement was 23% (37.8% pre, 60.8% post; P<0.001) Graded increase in geriatric knowledge occurred by PGY year with the greatest improvement post intervention seen at the PGY 3 level (PGY1 19.1% versus PGY3 27.1%). Conclusion A brief GEMC intervention had a significant impact on EM resident knowledge of critical geriatric topics. Lectures based on the GEMC can be a high-yield tool to enhance resident knowledge of geriatric emergency care. Formal GEMC curriculum should be considered in training EM residents for the demands of an aging population. PMID:25035745

Hogan, Teresita M.; Hansoti, Bhakti; Chan, Shu B.

2014-01-01

219

The development and validation of the core competencies scale (CCS) for the college and university students.  

PubMed

This article describes the development and validation of the Core Competencies Scale (CCS) using Bok's (2006) competency framework for undergraduate education. The framework included: communication, critical thinking, character development, citizenship, diversity, global understanding, widening of interest, and career and vocational development. The sample comprised 70 college and university students. Results of analysis using Rasch rating scale modelling showed that there was strong empirical evidence on the validity of the measures in contents, structure, interpretation, generalizability, and response options of the CCS scale. The implication of having developed Rasch-based valid and dependable measures in this study for gauging the value added of college and university education to their students is that the feedback generated from CCS will enable evidence-based decision and policy making to be implemented and strategized. Further, program effectiveness can be measured and thus accountability on the achievement of the program objectives. PMID:23234826

Ruan, Bin; Mok, Magdalena Mo Ching; Edginton, Christopher R; Chin, Ming Kai

2012-01-01

220

Competency-based training for PMH nurse generalists: inpatient intervention and prevention of suicide.  

PubMed

Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States. Approximately 90,000 psychiatric mental health (PMH) nurse generalists work in hospitals in the United States, mostly on inpatient psychiatric units where the most acutely suicidal patients are hospitalized. Although competencies have been developed for mental health clinicians in assessing and managing suicide risk, there are no standard competencies for PMH nurse generalists. Widely accepted nursing practices do not meet suicide-specific standards of care or evidence-based criteria. Although both the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education Essentials for Baccalaureate Education and the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses competencies stress the necessity for comprehensive assessment, safe clinical practices, patient-centered care, evidence-based interventions, and interprofessional communication and collaboration, there are no specific requirements for suicide prevention training in educational and clinical programs. The American Psychiatric Nurses Association has an opportunity to provide leadership in developing, implementing, and evaluating competency-based training for nurses and partner with the national effort to increase the competencies in suicide prevention in the behavioral health workforce. PMID:23950543

Puntil, Cheryl; York, Janet; Limandri, Barbara; Greene, Pamela; Arauz, Eric; Hobbs, Deborah

2013-01-01

221

COMPETENCIES DICTIONARY Contents Page  

E-print Network

COMPETENCIES DICTIONARY Contents Page Core Competencies Results Orientation/Project Management Functional Competencies Flexibility and Development .....................................................................11-12 Leadership Competencies

Bieber, Michael

222

Simulation-based training for colonoscopy: establishing criteria for competency.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to create simulation-based tests with credible pass/fail standards for 2 different fidelities of colonoscopy models.Only competent practitioners should perform colonoscopy. Reliable and valid simulation-based tests could be used to establish basic competency in colonoscopy before practicing on patients.Twenty-five physicians (10 consultants with endoscopic experience and 15 fellows with very little endoscopic experience) were tested on 2 different simulator models: a virtual-reality simulator and a physical model. Tests were repeated twice on each simulator model. Metrics with discriminatory ability were identified for both modalities and reliability was determined. The contrasting-groups method was used to create pass/fail standards and the consequences of these were explored.The consultants significantly performed faster and scored higher than the fellows on both the models (P?based modalities provided reliable and valid assessments of competence in colonoscopy and credible pass/fail standards were established for both the tests. We propose to use these standards in simulation-based training programs before proceeding to supervised training on patients. PMID:25634177

Preisler, Louise; Svendsen, Morten Bo Sřndergaard; Nerup, Nikolaj; Svendsen, Lars Bo; Konge, Lars

2015-01-01

223

Competence development in the public sector: Development, or dismantling of professionalism?  

Microsoft Academic Search

For more than a decade, competence development has been a key concept of modern management in both the private and the public\\u000a sector, but to some extent its meaning and practice have been different in the two sectors. In the public sector in particular,\\u000a competence development has been closely related to a number of other buzzwords characterizing dominant Neo-Liberal political

Katrin Hjort

2008-01-01

224

Competency Based Reading and Math Program for Adult Students Entering Vocational Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Testing and Assessment Department of Dawson Technical Institute (Illinois) determined that approximately 25-30 percent of the students taking the entrance Test of Adult Basic Education do not meet the academic level required to start a training program. A competency-based adult reading and math program was developed, and the decision was made…

Palagi, Robert G.

225

Activities Coordinator. A Competency-Based Curriculum Designed To Prepare Students for Entry-Level Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum was developed to assist instructors in planning and implementing a comprehensive, competency-based activities program to teach students skills for entry-level jobs as activities coordinators in nursing homes or extended-care facilities for older persons. The guide contains instructional units for each task listed on the job…

Vocational Curriculum Resource Center of Maine, Fairfield.

226

Earth and Physical Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on earth and physical science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, Natural Disasters, Chemical Reaction, Laboratory, States of Matter, Force and…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

227

The Adapted Fresno Test of Competence in Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Health educators who teach professionals about evidence-based practice (EBP) need instruments to measure change in skills and knowledge. This study aimed to develop and evaluate the interrater reliability, internal consistency, and responsiveness of the Adapted Fresno Test (AFT) of competence in EBP. Methods: Reliability testing…

McCluskey, Annie; Bishop, Bianca

2009-01-01

228

Horticulture III, IV, and V. Task Analyses. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task analysis guide is intended to help teachers and administrators develop instructional materials and implement competency-based education in the horticulture program. Section 1 contains a validated task inventory for horticulture III, IV, and V. For each task, applicable information pertaining to performance and enabling objectives,…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

229

Competency Based Curriculum Guide for Practical Nursing Education in Virginia. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report contains a three-page narrative and extensive appendixes, including correspondence, surveys, field test evaluation and guide, and the Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Practical Nursing Education in Virginia developed by the project. The over 200-page curriculum guide presents a suggested master curriculum for a twelve or…

Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA. Dept. of Industrial Arts Education.

230

Developing nurse educator competency in the pedagogy of simulation.  

PubMed

Faculty development is needed for nurse educators to effectively use simulation as a learning tool. A synthesis of research evidence regarding current practices in preparing educators to use simulation provided a foundation for faculty development. Implementation of a two-pronged approach within a regional collaboration of four schools of nursing is described; results of the evaluation of the approaches are presented. Use of the National League for Nursing Core Competencies of Nurse Educators as the organizing framework and Roger's Diffusion of Innovations Model as the theoretical framework is discussed. An overview is provided of the two prongs: (a) a short course for novice educators, and (b) examples of continuing education programming for experienced faculty members new to simulation to enhance effective application of this pedagogy. Recommendations include designing faculty development for simulation within a framework for systems change, maintaining flexibility to meet diverse needs, and using existing online resources. PMID:23110325

McNeill, Jeanette; Parker, Ramona Ann; Nadeau, Julie; Pelayo, Lula W; Cook, Jennifer

2012-12-01

231

Assessing Competence in Higher Education. Staff and Educational Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 12 essays focuses on issues surrounding the assessment of competence in higher education, providing examples to illustrate the competence approach in practice in the United Kingdom. They include: (1) "The Assessment of Competence in Higher Education" (Anne Edwards and Peter Knight); (2) "National Vocational Qualifications: The…

Edwards, Anne, Ed.; Knight, Peter, Ed.

232

Teaching and Evaluating Group Competency in Systems-Based Practice in Anesthesiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Teaching and assessment of the systems-based practice competency has been problematic in hospital-based specialties such as anesthesiology. We developed a method to teach systems-based practice with collaborative team projects. The outcome was assessed with a tool that focused on group attributes. METHODS: Resident teams chose projects that focused on the health care system. Projects included economic analyses, safety initiatives,

Ellise Delphin; Melissa Davidson

2008-01-01

233

l"IZ`OESJ"-,,,,R"se"V[EI"gW[,S,,-OEvZxAv[` Total Resolution for Human Resource Development Based on Competency Ontology  

E-print Network

, an issue namely Interoperability occurs particularly on Human Resource Development, which is the largest1 ·l"IZ`OE¹SJ"-,�,¨,¯,éR"se"V·[·EI"g·W·[,�Sî,�,-·ÝOEvZxAv··[` Total Resolution for Human Resource Resources Development (2) HRD #12;2 HRD HRM Human Resource Management HRD (2 3 ) 4. 5 2 3 2 4 HRD HRD HRD ID

Mizoguchi, Riichiro

234

A Multicultural Competencies Approach to Developing Human Capital Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The globalisation phenomenon has been prevalent since the last decade of 20th century and remains a significant factor influencing both organisations and individuals today. Within a globalised business environment the effective management of multicultural aspects and differences has become imperative to ensure success. It is increasingly evident there is a need to develop a clear understanding of multicultural competencies in order to fully develop a strategic approach to human capital management (HCM). The adoption of a strategic approach is necessary to ensure a focus on the issues critical to success and competitive advantage including multicultural management, professional skills and knowledge management. This paper aims to identify the importance of intercultural management and the impact of globalisation upon international business.

Woolliscroft, Paul; Cagá?ová, Dagmar; ?ambál, Miloš; Šef?íková, Miriam; Kamenova, Joana Valery

2012-12-01

235

The CB Reader. A Guide to Understanding the Competency-Based Adult Education Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains eleven exemplary articles that focus on topics related to competency-based adult education. Among the articles included are (1) Competency Based Education: Is It Applicable to Adult Education Programs?, by James E. Hertling; (2) What Adult Performance Level Is--and Is Not, by William G. Spady; (3) Competency Based

Parker, James T., Ed.; Taylor, Paul G., Ed.

236

Developing a competency framework for U.S. state food and feed testing laboratory personnel.  

PubMed

A competency-based training curriculum framework for U.S. state food and feed testing laboratories personnel is being developed by the International Food Protection Training Institute (IFPTI) and three partners. The framework will help laboratories catalog existing training courses/modules, identify training gaps, inform training curricula, and create career-spanning professional development learning paths, ensuring consistent performance expectations and increasing confidence in shared test results. Ultimately, the framework will aid laboratories in meeting the requirements of ISO/IEC 17025 (2005) international accreditation and the U.S. Food Safety Modernization Act (U.S. Public Law 111-353). In collaboration with the Association of Food and Drug Officials, the Association of Public Health Laboratories, and the Association of American Feed Control Officials, IFPTI is carrying out the project in two phases. In 2013, an expert panel of seven subject matter experts developed competency and curriculum frameworks for five professional levels (entry, mid-level, expert, supervisor/manager, and senior administration) across four competency domains (technical, communication, programmatic, and leadership) including approximately 80 competencies. In 2014 the expert panel will elicit feedback from peers and finalize the framework. PMID:25051623

Kaml, Craig; Weiss, Christopher C; Dezendorf, Paul; Ishida, Maria; Rice, Daniel H; Klein, Ron; Salfinger, Yvonne

2014-01-01

237

Designing the framework for competency-based master of public health programs in India.  

PubMed

Competency in the practice of public health is the implicit goal of education institutions that offer master of public health (MPH) programs. With the expanding number of institutions offering courses in public health in India, it is timely to develop a common framework to ensure that graduates are proficient in critical public health. Steps such as situation assessment, survey of public health care professionals in India, and national consultation were undertaken to develop a proposed competency-based framework for MPH programs in India. The existing curricula of all 23 Indian MPH courses vary significantly in content with regard to core, concentration, and crosscutting discipline areas and course durations. The competency or learning outcome is not well defined. The findings of the survey suggest that MPH graduates in India should have competencies ranging from monitoring of health problems and epidemics in the community, applying biostatistics in public health, conducting action research, understanding social and community influence on public health developing indicators and instruments to monitor and evaluate community health programs, developing proposals, and involving community in planning, delivery, and monitoring of health programs. Competency statements were framed and mapped with domains including epidemiology, biostatistics, social and behavioral sciences, health care system, policy, planning, and financing, and environmental health sciences and a crosscutting domain that include health communication and informatics, health management and leadership, professionalism, systems thinking, and public health biology. The proposed competency-based framework for Indian MPH programs can be adapted to meet the needs of diverse, unique programs. The framework ensures the uniqueness and diversity of individual MPH programs in India while contributing to measures of overall program success. PMID:23169401

Sharma, Kavya; Zodpey, Sanjay; Morgan, Alison; Gaidhane, Abhay; Syed, Zahiruddin Quazi; Kumar, Rajeev

2013-01-01

238

Development and Validation of the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) Self-Report Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No self-report measure of cultural competence currently exists in program evaluation. Adapting items from cultural competence measures in fields such as counseling and nursing, the researchers developed the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) self-report scale. The goals of this study were to validate the CCPE and to assess…

Dunaway, Krystall E.; Morrow, Jennifer A.; Porter, Bryan E.

2012-01-01

239

Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what measures,…

Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

2013-01-01

240

Developing Emotional Competence in Teacher Education Students: The Emotional Intelligence Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

he generalist notion of the competencies of the Griffith graduate, which involves personal as well as academic skills, provides a framework within which to consider (a) the nature of emotional competencies in teacher education students, (b) changes in the developing profile of personal competencies over a 4-year program of study, and (c) strengths and weaknesses that may affect professional and

Michael Davies; Fiona Bryer

241

Developing Performance Management Competence: An Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students' performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback,…

Mumford, Troy V.

2009-01-01

242

A Systematic Review of Developing Team Competencies in Information Systems Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to work effectively in teams has been a key competence for information systems engineers for a long time. Gradually, more attention is being paid to developing this generic competence as part of academic curricula, resulting in two questions: how to best promote team competencies and how to implement team projects successfully. These…

Figl, Kathrin

2010-01-01

243

An Examination of Cross-Cultural Curriculum Development and Student Cross-Cultural Competencies in a School-Based Consultation Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this case study was to describe the cross-cultural consultation experiences of school psychology graduate students as they progressed through a semester-long school-based consultation course. Graduate students enrolled in a consultation course completed both quantitative and qualitative assessment measures. The course instructor used…

Arra, Christopher T.

2010-01-01

244

Client Perceptions of Cultural Competence of Community-Based Nurses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural competence is best understood by assessing provider and client perspectives. In this descriptive quantitative study, clients assessed dimensions of nurses' cultural competence including communication, decision-making, and interpersonal style. Nurses in 7 county health departments in North Carolina assessed their own cultural competence. Sixty-nine clients completed the Interpersonal Processes of Care and 71 nurses completed the Cultural Competence Assessment. Clients

Sharon S. Starr; Debra C. Wallace

2011-01-01

245

Process Competencies in a Problem and Project Based Learning Environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Future engineers are not only required to master technological competencies concerning solving problems, producing and innovating technology, they are also expected to have capabilities of cooperation, communication, and project management in diverse social context, which are referred to as process competencies. Consequently, engineering education is facing challenges regarding how to facilitate students with scientific-technological competencies as well as process competencies.

X. Y. Du; A. Kolmos

246

Competency-based training to create the 21st century mental health workforce: strides, stumbles, and solutions.  

PubMed

In response to sustained concerns about the capability of the mental health workforce, federal groups have urged educators to adopt a competency-based system for training students in core mental health skills. A particular emphasis is training students to work in integrated systems, intervene with evidence-based practice, and employ culturally relevant therapies. Creating such a program, particularly one delivered online, requires structures that engage students in their own learning and tools for tracking competencies. We report on our competency-based graduate psychiatric mental health nursing program and the unique methods used to track student skill development and clinical reasoning. PMID:21784281

Delaney, Kathleen R; Carlson-Sabelli, Linnea; Shephard, Rebekah; Ridge, Alison

2011-08-01

247

Temporal Fate Specification and Neural Progenitor Competence During Development  

PubMed Central

The vast diversity of neurons and glia of the central nervous system is generated from a small, heterogeneous population of progenitors that undergo transcriptional changes during development to sequentially specify distinct cell fates. Guided by cell intrinsic and temporal extrinsic cues, invertebrate and mammalian neural progenitors carefully regulate when and how many of each cell type is produced to form functional neural circuits. Emerging evidence indicates that neural progenitors also undergo changes in global chromatin architecture, thereby restricting the duration a particular temporal cue can act. Thus, studies of temporal identity specification and progenitor competence can provide insight into how we may use neural progenitors to more effectively generate specific cell types for brain repair. PMID:24400340

Kohwi, Minoree; Doe, Chris Q.

2014-01-01

248

Self-Assessment of Freshmen Students' Base Competencies Daniela Zehetmeier, Marco Kuhrmann  

E-print Network

Self-Assessment of Freshmen Students' Base Competencies Daniela Zehetmeier, Marco Kuhrmann competencies (such as self organization, analytical thinking or communication skills) that are prerequisite to be aware of our incoming students' base competency profile, in order to pick them up where

249

Applying a Web and Simulation-Based System for Adaptive Competence Assessment of Spinal Anaesthesia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors present an approach for implementing a system for the assessment of medical competences using a haptic simulation device. Based on Competence based Knowledge Space Theory (CbKST), information on the learners’ competences is gathered from different sources (test questions, data from the simulator, and supervising experts’ assessments).

Hockemeyer, Cord; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Lövquist, Erik; Aboulafia, Annette; Breen, Dorothy; Shorten, George; Albert, Dietrich

250

A CBC Primer. Report of a Conference: Competency-Based Curricula in General Undergraduate Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet represents a summary of a regional conference and is designed to serve as an introductory discussion of the use of the competency based education concept in general undergraduate programs. Emphasis is placed on essential conditions of competency, current factors affecting higher education, the scope and variety in competency-based

O'Connell, William R., Jr.; Moomaw, W. Edmund

251

Performance-based empathy mediates the influence of working memory on social competence in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Empathic deficits have been linked to poor functioning in schizophrenia, but this work is mostly limited to self-report data. This study examined whether performance-based empathy measures account for incremental variance in social competence and social attainment above and beyond self-reported empathy, neurocognition, and clinical symptoms. Given the importance of working memory in theoretical models of empathy and in the prediction of functioning in schizophrenia, we also examined whether empathy mediates the relationship between working memory and functioning. Sixty outpatients and 45 healthy controls were compared on performance-based measures of 3 key components of empathic responding, including facial affect perception, emotional empathy (affective responsiveness), and cognitive empathy (emotional perspective-taking). Participants also completed measures of self-reported empathy, neurocognition, clinical symptoms, and social competence and attainment. Patients demonstrated lower accuracy than controls across the 3 performance-based empathy measures. Among patients, these measures showed minimal relations to self-reported empathy but significantly correlated with working memory and other neurocognitive functions as well as symptom levels. Furthermore, cognitive empathy explained significant incremental variance in social competence (?R (2) = .07, P < .05) and was found to mediate the relation between working memory and social competence. Performance-based measures of empathy were sensitive to functionally relevant disturbances in schizophrenia. Working memory deficits appear to have an important effect on these disruptions in empathy. Empathy is emerging as a promising new area for social cognitive research and for novel recovery-oriented treatment development. PMID:23770935

Smith, Matthew J; Horan, William P; Cobia, Derin J; Karpouzian, Tatiana M; Fox, Jaclyn M; Reilly, James L; Breiter, Hans C

2014-07-01

252

The development of the Multidimensional Social Competence Scale: a standardized measure of social competence in autism spectrum disorders.  

PubMed

Autism and its related disorders are commonly described as lying along a continuum that ranges in severity and are collectively referred to as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Although all individuals with ASD meet the social impairment diagnostic criteria outlined in the DSM-IV-TR, they do not present with the same social difficulties. The variability in the expression and severity of social competence is particularly evident among the group of individuals with "high-functioning" ASD who appear to have difficulty applying their average to above average intelligence in a social context. There is a striking paucity of empirical research investigating individual differences in social functioning among individuals with high-functioning ASD. It is possible that more detailed investigations of social competence have been impeded by the lack of standardized measures available to assess the nature and severity of social impairment. The aim of the current study was to develop and evaluate a parent rating scale capable of assessing individual differences in social competence (i.e. strengths and challenges) among adolescents with ASD: the Multidimensional Social Competence Scale (MSCS). Results from confirmatory factor analyses supported the hypothesized multidimensional factor structure of the MSCS. Seven relatively distinct domains of social competence were identified including social motivation, social inferencing, demonstrating empathic concern, social knowledge, verbal conversation skills, nonverbal sending skills, and emotion regulation. Psychometric evidence provided preliminary support for the reliability and validity of the scale. Possible applications of this promising new parent rating scale in both research and clinical settings are discussed. PMID:24108618

Yager, Jodi; Iarocci, Grace

2013-12-01

253

Do we develop public health leaders?- association between public health competencies and emotional intelligence: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Professional development of public health leaders requires a form of instruction which is competency-based to help them develop the abilities to address complex and evolving demands of health care systems. Concurrently, emotional intelligence (EI) is a key to organisational success. Our aim was twofold: i) to assess the relationship between the level of self-assessed public health and EI competencies among Master of European Public Health (MEPH) students and graduates at Maastricht University, and; ii) to determine the relationship between different groups of public health competencies and specific EI skills. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted including all recent MEPH graduates and students from 2009–2012, out of 67 eligible candidates N?=?51 were contacted and N?=?33 responded (11 males and 22 females; overall response: 64.7%).Two validated tools were employed: i) public health competencies self-assessment questionnaire, and; ii) Assessing Emotions Scale. Results Females scored higher than males in all seven domains of the self-assessed key public health competencies (NS) and emotional intelligence competences (P?=?0.022). Overall, the mean value of public health competencies was the lowest in students with “staff” preferences and the highest among students with mixed job preferences (P?competencies and the overall emotional intelligence competencies (r?=?0.61, P?competencies and EI attributes. It can contribute to the improvement of the educational content of PH curricula by rising awareness through self-assessment and supporting the identification of further educational needs related to leadership. PMID:24742091

2014-01-01

254

Bidirectional Associations among Sensitive Parenting, Language Development, and Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rapid changes in language skills and social competence, both of which are linked to sensitive parenting, characterize early childhood. The present study examines bidirectional associations among mothers' sensitive parenting and children's language skills and social competence from 24 to 36?months in a community sample of 174 families. In…

Barnett, Melissa A.; Gustafsson, Hanna; Deng, Min; Mills-Koonce, W. Roger; Cox, Martha

2012-01-01

255

Developing Pedagogical Competence: Issues and Implications for Marketing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence in pedagogy and research is the sine qua non of marketing educators' careers. However, there is evidence in the literature that marketing academics focus "more on" and "are more competent" in research than teaching. This imbalance, in a majority of instances, can be traced back to doctoral education. Doctoral programs in marketing are…

Madhavaram, Sreedhar; Laverie, Debra A.

2010-01-01

256

Improving global health education: development of a Global Health Competency Model.  

PubMed

Although global health is a recommended content area for the future of education in public health, no standardized global health competency model existed for master-level public health students. Without such a competency model, academic institutions are challenged to ensure that students are able to demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) needed for successful performance in today's global health workforce. The Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH) sought to address this need by facilitating the development of a global health competency model through a multistage modified-Delphi process. Practitioners and academic global health experts provided leadership and guidance throughout the competency development process. The resulting product, the Global Health Competency Model 1.1, includes seven domains and 36 competencies. The Global Health Competency Model 1.1 provides a platform for engaging educators, students, and global health employers in discussion of the KSAs needed to improve human health on a global scale. PMID:24445206

Ablah, Elizabeth; Biberman, Dorothy A; Weist, Elizabeth M; Buekens, Pierre; Bentley, Margaret E; Burke, Donald; Finnegan, John R; Flahault, Antoine; Frenk, Julio; Gotsch, Audrey R; Klag, Michael J; Rodriguez Lopez, Mario Henry; Nasca, Philip; Shortell, Stephen; Spencer, Harrison C

2014-03-01

257

Developing Teacher Competences for Education for Sustainable Development through Reflection: The Environment and School Initiatives Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction to this paper gives a short overview of the Environment and Schools Initiatives (ENSI) perspective on teaching competences. We argue that as change is one of the key elements of sustainable development, reflection that helps to adapt educational practice to a continuously developing world should be a starting point for every…

Varga, Attila; Koszo, Maria Fuz; Mayer, Michela; Sleurs, Willy

2007-01-01

258

Geospatial Technology Competency Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial Technology Competency Model (GTCM) is depicted as a pyramid with nine tiers. This depiction illustrates how occupational and industry competencies build on a foundation of personal effectiveness, academic, and workplace competencies. Each tier consists of one or more blocks representing the skills, knowledge, and abilities essential for successful performance in the industry or occupation represented by the model. At the base of the model, competencies apply to a large number of occupations and industries. As a user moves up the model, the competencies become industry- and occupation-specific. This document specifies competencies required for worker success in the geospatial industry, from the most general Personal Effectiveness Competencies (Tier 1) to the sector-specific competencies presented in Tier 5. Additional occupation-specific competencies and requirements (Tiers 6-8), as well as management competencies (Tier 9) are beyond the scope of this document. Expected uses of the GTCM include career guidance, curriculum development and assessment, recruitment and hiring, continuing professional development, criteria for voluntary certification, and outreach efforts intended to communicate characteristics of the geospatial field to the public. GTCM users should bear in mind that the pyramid framework is not intended to suggest a sequence of competency attainment or that certain competencies are of greater value or higher skill than others. The body of the GTCM is a table that contains definitions and associated key behaviors for each competency block depicted in the pyramid.

2010-12-28

259

Criterion validity of a competency-based assessment center in medical education – a 4-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Core competencies have progressively gained importance in medical education. In other contexts, especially personnel selection and development, assessment centers (ACs) are used to assess competencies, but there is only a limited number of studies on competency-based ACs in medical education. To the best of our knowledge, the present study provides the first data on the criterion-related validity of a competency-based AC in medical education. Methods We developed an AC tailored to measure core competencies relevant to medical education (social-ethical, communicative, self, and teaching) and tested its validity in n=30 first-year medical students using 3- to 4-year follow-up measures such as (a) objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) on basic clinical skills (n=26), (b) OSCE on communication skills (n=21), and (c) peer feedback (n=18). The AC contained three elements: interview, group discussion, and role play. Additionally, a self-report questionnaire was provided as a basis for the interview. Results Baseline AC average score and teaching competency correlated moderately with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.41, p=0.03, and r=0.38, p=0.04, respectively). Social-ethical competency in the AC showed a very strong convergent association with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.60, p<0.01). The AC total score also showed a moderate correlation with the overall peer feedback score provided in Year 4 (r=0.38, p=0.06). In addition, communicative competency correlated strongly with the overall peer feedback (r=0.50, p=0.02). We found predominantly low and insignificant correlations between the AC and the OSCE on basic clinical skills (r=?0.33 to 0.30, all p's>0.05). Conclusion The results showed that competency-based ACs can be used at a very early stage of medical training to successfully predict future performance in core competencies. PMID:25219931

Rotthoff, Thomas; Ostapczuk, Martin S.; Kröncke, Klaus D.; Zimmerhofer, Alexander; Decking, Ulrich; Schneider, Matthias; Ritz-Timme, Stefanie

2014-01-01

260

A test of the California competency-based differentiated role model.  

PubMed

To address the incongruence between the expectations of nursing service and education in California, the Education Industry Interface Task Force of the California Strategic Planning Committee for Nursing developed descriptions to assist employers and educators in clearly differentiating practice and educational competencies. The completion of the Competency-Based Role Differentiation Model resulted in the need to test the model for its utility in the service setting, in education, and for career planning for nurses. Three alpha demonstration sites were selected based on representative geographical regions of California. The sites were composed of tri-partnerships consisting of a medical center, an associate degree in nursing program, and a baccalaureate nursing program. Observers rated senior students and new graduates in medical-surgical units on their behaviors in teacher and leadership care provider and care coordinator roles. The alpha demonstration study results were as expected. That is, senior students practice predominantly at a novice level in teacher and management/leadership care provider functions and new graduates practice predominately at the competent level. New graduates are more likely to take on novice and competent care coordinator roles. The CBRDM may be useful for practice and education settings to evaluate student and nurse performance, to define role expectations, and to identify the preparation necessary for the roles. It is useful for all of nursing as it continues to define its levels of practice and their relationship to on-the-job performance, curriculum development, and carrier planning. PMID:12790066

Keating, Sarah B; Rutledge, Dana N; Sargent, Arlene; Walker, Polly

2003-01-01

261

Effective supply value chain based on competence success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to propose a managerial decision framework for different levels of supply chain, by addressing the strategic importance of competence values in supply chain effectiveness. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A conceptual framework for supply chain effectiveness is defined in levels of supply chain targets, knowledge management dynamics, competence levels and competence success attributes. Analysis of literature in the

Gülgün Kayakutlu; Gülçin Büyüközkan

2010-01-01

262

Competence guided incremental footprint-based retrieval Barry Smyth*, Elizabeth McKenna  

E-print Network

Competence guided incremental footprint-based retrieval Barry Smyth*, Elizabeth McKenna Department), which is guided by a model of case competence. FBR as it stands bene®ts from superior ef®ciency characteristics and achieves near-optimal competence and quality characteristics. In this paper, we describe

Watson, Ian

263

Theme: Coping with Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consists of five articles on the topic of competencies in vocational agriculture. Topics covered include (1) competency-based instruction, (2) competencies for agricultural recordkeeping, (3) competencies in hydroponics, and (4) competencies in agribusiness. (CH)

Brown, Daniel; And Others

1989-01-01

264

Evidence-based competencies for improving communication skills in graduate medical education: a review with suggestions for implementation.  

PubMed

Communicating with patients is arguably the most common and important activity in medical practice, but this activity receives relatively little emphasis in graduate medical education. We propose 12 evidence-based communication competencies that program directors can adopt as a framework for teaching and evaluating residents' communication skills. We review supporting evidence for these competencies and argue that communication should be treated like a procedural skill that must be taught and evaluated by observing real resident-patient interactions. We make practical suggestions for implementing these competencies by addressing three critical components of a competency-based approach to communication skills: patient safety, faculty development, and direct observation of residents. This approach to teaching and assessing communication skills provides a rationale for incorporating routine direct observation into graduate medical education programs and also for designing communication skills training that ensures graduating residents develop the skills needed to provide safe, effective patient care. PMID:23444891

Henry, Stephen G; Holmboe, Eric S; Frankel, Richard M

2013-05-01

265

Development of Oncolytic Replication-Competent Herpes Simplex Virus Vectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oncolytic virus therapy is a promising new strategy for treating cancer that involves replication-competent virus vectors\\u000a that can replicate in situ in tumor cells, exhibit oncolytic activity by direct cytocidal effects, and then spread throughout the tumor. In addition,\\u000a replication-competent virus vectors are capable of transferring and expressing foreign genes in host cells. These virus vectors\\u000a are either genetically engineered

Tomoki Todo; Samuel D. Rabkin

266

Developing Cross Cultural Competence: Applying Development and Prevention Ideals to Counseling Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As counselors turn their attention to child-based counseling, there is a need to apply the core tenets of the discipline of counseling to young children and incorporate cross-cultural issues into clinical competence. Using Multicultural Counseling Theory (MCT), the authors discuss conventional approaches to providing clinical interventions for…

Wolfgang, Jeff; Frazier, Kimberly; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Barrett, Joe

2011-01-01

267

Developing a Multisite Project in Geriatric and/or Gerontological Education with Emphases in Interdisciplinary Practice and Cultural Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a two-year, multisite, curriculum-development project aimed to increase the pool of professionals trained in geriatric and/or gerontological social work. Methods included providing advanced training in aging, cultural competence, and interdisciplinary practice; developing, implementing, and testing an innovative student curriculum based

Browne, Colette V.; Braun, Kathryn L.; Mokuau, Noreen; McLaughlin, Linda

2002-01-01

268

The Development of Pragmatic Competence: Past Findings and Future Directions for Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents background to the descriptions and discussions of child language that are presented in this issue of the journal on the theme of developing pragmatic competence. This background information, referred to as "intuitive knowledge," serves as a framework for understanding children's development of pragmatic linguistic competence and…

Thompson, Linda

1996-01-01

269

Why Do Small Enterprises Participate in a Programme for Competence Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase our understanding of why firms, specifically small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), participate in a programme for competence development and why firms use different strategies for competence development. Design/methodology/approach: A study of 17 SMEs that all received support from the European…

Kock, Henrik; Gill, Andreas; Ellstrom, Per Erik

2008-01-01

270

Development and Cross-Cultural Application of a Competency Assessment Questionnaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the cross-cultural development and use of the Behavior Description Index (BDI). The development of culturally-transportable scales; cross-cultural comparisons of results for 12 Spanish, 15 Hungarian, 15 Indonesian, and U.S. managers; and the transportability of competencies as constructs are considered. A competency is an…

Page, Ronald C.; De Puga, Ignacio Suarez

271

Le francais fonde sur la competence, Intermediare (Competency Based French, Intermediate).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical lessons at the intermediate level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational dialogues. Lesson topics include: introducing oneself; introducing…

Dimanche, Maurice

272

Le francais fonde sur la competence, Superieur (Competency Based French, Superior).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical units at the superior level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational texts. Unit topics include: explaining how to do something; explaining…

Dimanche, Maurice

273

Developing high-level change and innovation agents: competencies and challenges for executive leadership.  

PubMed

The work of health care reform and revolution requires leadership competencies that integrate the digital realities of time, space, and media. Leadership skills and behaviors of command, control, and directing from predigital times are no longer effective, given the impacts of the digital changes. Developing leadership competence in evidence-driven processes, facilitation, collaborative teamwork, and instilling a sense of urgency is the work of today's executive leaders. Ten competencies necessary for contemporary executive leadership are presented in this article. PMID:23222755

Malloch, Kathy; Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek

2013-01-01

274

Nurses’ Competencies in Disaster Nursing: Implications for Curriculum Development and Public Health  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to explore Hong Kong nurses’ perceptions of competencies required for disaster nursing. Focus group interviews and written inquiry were adopted to solicit nurses’ perceived required competencies for disaster care. A total of 15 nurses were interviewed and 30 nurses completed the written inquiry on their perceived competencies related to disaster nursing. The International Council for Nurses’ (ICN) framework of disaster nursing competencies, consisting of four themes and ten domains, was used to tabulate the perceived competencies for disaster nursing reported by nurses. The most mentioned required competencies were related to disaster response; with the ethical and legal competencies for disaster nursing were mostly neglected by nurses in Hong Kong. With the complexity nature of disasters, special competencies are required if nurses are to deal with adverse happenings in their serving community. Nurses’ perceived disaster nursing competencies reported by nurses were grossly inadequate, demonstrating the needs to develop a comprehensive curriculum for public health. The establishment of a set of tailor-made disaster nursing core competencies for the community they served is the first step in preparing nurses to deal with disastrous situations for the health of the public. PMID:24658409

Loke, Alice Yuen; Fung, Olivia Wai Man

2014-01-01

275

A Competency-Based Clinical Chemistry Course for the Associate Degree Medical Laboratory Technician Graduate in a Medical Technology Baccalaureate Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a project that developed a competency-based clinical chemistry course for associate degree medical laboratory technicians (MLT) in a medical technology (MT) baccalaureate program. Content of the course was based upon competencies expected of medical technologists at career-entry as defined in the statements adopted in 1976 by the…

Buccelli, Pamela

276

Teaching statics of fluids in bioengineering: a multidisciplinary proposal based on competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this work is to share the findings of an educational experience undertaken by first-year university students of bioengineering, oriented towards the model of Competence-based Education. Different aspects on integrative education pursued in the subject goals are explicitly focused here by designing a strategy within a contextualized and multidisciplinary approach that combines knowledge from Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The topic chosen for the work is Static of Fluids, because it allows relating pressure to its biological effects on human beings. After evaluating a pre-test, new interrelated strategies are implemented. Due to the motivation audiovisuals generate in adolescents, we start showing an argumentative film entitled 'The Big Blue', and continue with different individual and/or group activities, finishing with a post-test to assess the development of the competences proposed. Results are encouraging as regards the level of specific competences acquired and, complementarily, basic and professional competences in general. Besides, the experience met expectations as regards student motivation, interest and commitment to learning, which ensured the path taken by the academicians by means of implementing innovative strategies.

Alborch, A.; Puzzella, A.; Lopez, N.; Cabrera, L.; Zabala, A.; Demartini, H.

2007-11-01

277

Competencies in Ornamental Horticulture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the author's dissertation, this article pertains to the identification of competencies for ornamental horticulture workers in Oregon. Findings were based on interviews with 56 ornamental horticulture business employers regarding 100 competencies. The method used can serve as a model for obtaining occupational information to develop and…

Loewen, Curtis E.

1974-01-01

278

Competency-based reforms of the undergraduate biology curriculum: integrating the physical and biological sciences.  

PubMed

The National Experiment in Undergraduate Science Education project funded by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute is a direct response to the Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians report, which urged a shift in premedical student preparation from a narrow list of specific course work to a more flexible curriculum that helps students develop broad scientific competencies. A consortium of four universities is working to create, pilot, and assess modular, competency-based curricular units that require students to use higher-order cognitive skills and reason across traditional disciplinary boundaries. Purdue University; the University of Maryland, Baltimore County; and the University of Miami are each developing modules and case studies that integrate the biological, chemical, physical, and mathematical sciences. The University of Maryland, College Park, is leading the effort to create an introductory physics for life sciences course that is reformed in both content and pedagogy. This course has prerequisites of biology, chemistry, and calculus, allowing students to apply strategies from the physical sciences to solving authentic biological problems. A comprehensive assessment plan is examining students' conceptual knowledge of physics, their attitudes toward interdisciplinary approaches, and the development of specific scientific competencies. Teaching modules developed during this initial phase will be tested on multiple partner campuses in preparation for eventual broad dissemination. PMID:23737624

Thompson, Katerina V; Chmielewski, Jean; Gaines, Michael S; Hrycyna, Christine A; LaCourse, William R

2013-06-01

279

Freehand Sketching as a Catalyst for Developing Concept Driven Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when concept driven competencies are perceived to be critical in redefining effective technological education, the introduction of Design and Communication Graphics at senior cycle in Irish high schools has broad implications. Students now have the potential to explore applied geometries, integrated with conceptual thinking in addition…

Lane, Diarmaid; Seery, Niall

2011-01-01

280

The ABCs for Pre-Service Teacher Cultural Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to combine pre-service teachers' self-reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross-cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre-service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact that…

He, Ye; Cooper, Jewell E.

2009-01-01

281

Validation and Development of Competencies for Meeting Planners. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the entry-level requirements for meeting planners. The study benefited from the definition of the body of knowledge that had already been done for a professional meeting planner certificate by the Association of Professional Meeting Planners International. To document the competencies needed for an entry-level…

Walk, Mary H.

282

Developing Entrepreneurial Competence among Minnesota's Technical Institute Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following up a 1987 study that had identified 1,169 entrepreneurial graduates of Minnesota's technical institutes from the 10-year time period prior to 1984, a study was conducted to determine how Minnesota's technical institutes presently promote entrepreneurial competence for their students and how they can help future students. Questionnaires…

Minnesota State Council on Vocational Technical Education, St. Paul.

283

Developing project management competency: perspectives from the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project managers in today's construction industry are faced with a situation whereby the fundamental roles and functions they perform are witnessing a gradual shift in focus. To maintain their professional competency, practising project managers in construction adapt to this changing industry environment by relying on knowledge and skills acquired through training and experience. The extent to which such training enables

F. T. Edum-Fotwe; R McCaffer

2000-01-01

284

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

285

Leading with Diversity: Cultural Competencies for Teacher Preparation and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the student population in schools becomes increasingly diverse, many teachers need professional development to build cultural competencies--the skills and awareness related to issues such as culture, language, race, and ethnicity. This book draws together in one place the research and practical knowledge about cultural competencies that…

Trumbull, Elise; Pacheco, Maria

2005-01-01

286

A Manual of Competency Matched Instructional Materials for Developing Coal Mining Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist in the development of secondary level coal mining curricula, this report identifies sixty-four competencies considered by coal mining companies and instructors to be of major or moderate importance. Also, four tables are used to aid curriculum planners. Table 1 contains occupational competencies ranked in importance for the secondary…

Katz, Douglas S.; Oglesby, Elizabeth H.

287

The Development of Academic Competence among Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the first three waves (Grades 5, 6, and 7) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, this study assessed if being a bully or being a victim accounts for an adolescent's academic competence, if selected contextual and individual variables impact an adolescent's academic competence, and if such impact differs in relation to an…

Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2009-01-01

288

Assessing Cross-Cultural Competence in Transnational Education: The Intercultural Development Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS), Bennett's conceptual framework for understanding the developmental stages of intercultural competence, and the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI), a psychometric instrument for measuring cross-cultural competence and training needs, in both individuals and groups, and…

Greenholtz, Joe

2000-01-01

289

Developing Competence Profiles for Educators in Environmental Education Organisations in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study explores the meanings and possible merits of introducing competence profiles for enhancing professional development in the environmental education sector in the Netherlands. It presents the three most important environmental education jobs and their underlying competencies alongside their core professional challenges, as…

Wesselink, Renate; Wals, Arjen E. J.

2011-01-01

290

Navigating Difference: Development and Implementation of a Successful Cultural Competency Training for Extension and Outreach Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As our world becomes more interconnected on international, domestic, and personal levels, our need to be more culturally competent increases (Samovar, Porter, & McDaniel, 2007; Ting-Toomey, 1999). Recognizing this need, Washington State University Extension sought to increase skills of its personnel by developing a set of cultural competencies

Deen, Mary Y.; Parker, Louise A.; Hill, Laura Griner; Huskey, Melynda; Whitehall, Anna P.

2014-01-01

291

Professional competence enhancement via postgraduate post-experience learning and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine the ways in which postgraduate study in vocational fields supports the development of advanced competences amongst mid-career professionals. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The extensive written communications between health and safety professionals taking a postgraduate course in health and safety management and their tutor were investigated to determine the competence domains where learning

Geoffrey Chivers

2007-01-01

292

Students' Personal Professional Theories in Competence-Based Vocational Education: The Construction of Personal Knowledge through Internalisation and Socialisation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based vocational education is based on a constructivist learning paradigm, where the development of students' personal professional knowledge is emphasised. However, there is a lack of insight into how students construct their own professional knowledge and what the content and nature of personal professional knowledge is. This article…

Schaap, H.; de Bruijn, E.; Van der Schaaf, M. F.; Kirschner, P. A.

2009-01-01

293

Competency-Based Adult Education Classroom Management Guide for Adult Basic Education Curriculum (Level II, 5-8).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Competency-Based Adult Basic Education (CBABE) Classroom Management Guide was developed to aid the Adult Basic Education (ABE) facilitator in implementing a model CBABE Level 5-8 curriculum. First, introductory material provides background on the CBABE project at Brevard Community College (Florida) and the rationale for the development of the…

Singer, Elizabeth

294

Level II Human Relations Skills for the Occupational Specialist Working with Groups. Competency-Based Modular Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This self-instructional module, one volume of a series of competency-based modules in human relations skills for occupational specialists, is designed to help the specialist develop an understanding of the importance of group dynamics in vocational development and decision making. Other modules in this set of three are Human Relations Skills in…

Bowland, Jeanne M.; Chick, Joyce M., Ed.

295

Structured competency-based hospital pharmacy internship program.  

PubMed

A structural competency-based internship program involving terminal behavioral objectives (TBOs) is described. The program is set up for three levels of interns; junior, senior grade B, and senior grade A. Each level has specific learning requirements and a minimum number of experience hours and TBOs to fulfill. Upon completion of the minimum hours for each level, the intern is evaluated by a committee of pharmacists and examined on his attainment of the TBOs. The order followed in the program allows the interns to progressively build a foundation for professional practice by exposing them to all areas of the pharmacy. All level advancements are accompanied by a salary increase. The program provides departmental staff coverage to the hospital all year. The student interns work approximately 40 hr/wk during the summer and 18 hr/wk during the academic year. The TBO-based program allows the students to gain 3300 hours of experience before they are licensed. This program is an essential complement to a student's scholastic work in his professional training as a hospital pharmacist. PMID:7304623

Bair, J N; Powell, P J

1981-11-01

296

Developing Culturally Competent Faculty: A Cognitive, Affective, and Spiritual Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past decade has evidenced significant dialogue on faith-based campuses about the persistent gap between the increasing ethnic diversity of the student population and that of the faculty. While campus administrators and leaders acknowledge the need to address this concern through faculty development, there is a disturbing lack of successful…

Taylor, Deborah L.; Van Zandt, Cassandra; Menjares, Pete C.

2013-01-01

297

Where do we go from here? Moving from systems-based practice process measures to true competency via developmental milestones  

PubMed Central

For many educators it has been challenging to meet the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's requirements for teaching systems-based practice (SBP). An additional layer of complexity for educators is evaluating competency in SBP, despite milestones and entrustable professional activities (EPAs). In order to address this challenge, the authors present the results of a literature review for how SBP is currently being taught and a series of recommendations on how to achieve competency in SBP for graduate medical trainees with the use of milestones. The literature review included 29 articles and demonstrated that only 28% of the articles taught more than one of the six core principles of SBP in a meaningful way. Only 7% of the articles received the highest grade of A. The authors summarize four guiding principles for creating a competency-based curriculum that is in alignment with the Next Accreditation System (NAS): 1) the curriculum needs to include all of the core principles in that competency, 2) the objectives of the curriculum should be driven by clinical outcomes, 3) the teaching modalities need to be interactive and clinically relevant, and 4) the evaluation process should be able to measure competency and be directly reflective of pertinent milestones and/or EPAs. This literature review and the provided guiding principles can guide other residency educators in their development of competency-based curricula that meets the standards of the NAS. PMID:24974832

Martinez, Johanna; Phillips, Erica; Harris, Christina

2014-01-01

298

Where do we go from here? Moving from systems-based practice process measures to true competency via developmental milestones.  

PubMed

For many educators it has been challenging to meet the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's requirements for teaching systems-based practice (SBP). An additional layer of complexity for educators is evaluating competency in SBP, despite milestones and entrustable professional activities (EPAs). In order to address this challenge, the authors present the results of a literature review for how SBP is currently being taught and a series of recommendations on how to achieve competency in SBP for graduate medical trainees with the use of milestones. The literature review included 29 articles and demonstrated that only 28% of the articles taught more than one of the six core principles of SBP in a meaningful way. Only 7% of the articles received the highest grade of A. The authors summarize four guiding principles for creating a competency-based curriculum that is in alignment with the Next Accreditation System (NAS): 1) the curriculum needs to include all of the core principles in that competency, 2) the objectives of the curriculum should be driven by clinical outcomes, 3) the teaching modalities need to be interactive and clinically relevant, and 4) the evaluation process should be able to measure competency and be directly reflective of pertinent milestones and/or EPAs. This literature review and the provided guiding principles can guide other residency educators in their development of competency-based curricula that meets the standards of the NAS. PMID:24974832

Martinez, Johanna; Phillips, Erica; Harris, Christina

2014-01-01

299

Competency-based Residency Training: The Next Advance in Graduate Medical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes replacing the current approach to medical residents' education, which specifies a fixed time of training, with competency-based training. Reviews the basis of traditional residency training and its problems (both the fixed time and uncertainty of evaluation methods). Discusses the competency-based approach, probability that some residents…

Long, Donlin M.

2000-01-01

300

Emergence and Outlook of Competence-Based Education in European Education Systems: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution takes stock on the emergence of competence-based education in European Union (EU) countries. The article explains how economic constraints but also educational motives led educational policies and systems in the EU to shift to competence-based education. The related instructional frame and concepts are presented, as are the major…

Tchibozo, Guy

2011-01-01

301

Integrating authentic assessment with competence?based learning in vocational education: the Protocol Portfolio Scoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes how competence?based learning (CBL) can be organised in vocational education by integrating elements from a holistic instructional design model with recent ideas on assessment. A curriculum based on this model is pre?eminently suitable for an assessment approach emphasising that proof of competence is gathered by having learners perform authentic tasks under changing assessment conditions at regular intervals.

Dominique M. A. Sluijsmans; Gerard J. J. M. Straetmans; Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer

2008-01-01

302

The Impact of Competency-Based Teacher Education and Certification Programs in Utah.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utah is a member of a nine-state consortium to study competency-based teacher education and certification programs. This paper presents an overview of the nationwide movement for competency-based teacher education, followed by a description of the situation in Utah. The State Board of Education is making an effort through the Teacher Education and…

Mouritsen, Roger C.

303

Evaluating the Effects of Competency-Based Web Learning on Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of the competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) on the self-directed learning aptitude (SDLA) of college students. Specifically, it seeks to investigate, statistically, the changes in SDLAs at different stages of competency-based web learning (CBWL) over an eight-week period. The sample of…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2007-01-01

304

Assessing competency in Evidence Based Practice: strengths and limitations of current tools in practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Evidence Based Practice (EBP) involves making clinical decisions informed by the most relevant and valid evidence available. Competence can broadly be defined as a concept that incorporates a variety of domains including knowledge, skills and attitudes. Adopting an evidence-based approach to practice requires differing competencies across various domains including literature searching, critical appraisal and communication. This paper examines the

Dragan Ilic

2009-01-01

305

Competency-Based Certification: What Are the Key Issues? NEPTE Working Paper #6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a brief overview of competency-based teacher education (CBTE) and competency-based certification (CBC). The notion of requiring teachers to demonstrate certain skills is examined in the light of questions on its long-range validity and utility. The author cautions against overreliance on CBTE and CBC due to a number of these…

Pitman, John C.

306

Combining Case-Based Memory with Genetic Algorithm Search for Competent Game AI  

E-print Network

Combining Case-Based Memory with Genetic Algorithm Search for Competent Game AI Sushil J Louis-injected genetic algorithms for learning how to competently play computer strategy games. Case-injected genetic algo- rithms combine genetic algorithm search with a case-based memory of past problem solving attempts

Louis, Sushil J.

307

Combining CaseBased Memory with Genetic Algorithm Search for Competent Game AI  

E-print Network

Combining Case­Based Memory with Genetic Algorithm Search for Competent Game AI Sushil J Louis­injected genetic algorithms for learning how to competently play computer strategy games. Case­injected genetic algo­ rithms combine genetic algorithm search with a case­based memory of past problem solving attempts

Louis, Sushil J.

308

Competency-based curricular design to encourage significant learning.  

PubMed

Most significant learning (SL) experiences produce long-lasting learning experiences that meaningfully change the learner's thinking, feeling, and/or behavior. Most significant teaching experiences involve strong connections with the learner and recognition that the learner felt changed by the teaching effort. L. Dee Fink in Creating Significant Learning Experiences: An Integrated Approach to Designing College Course defines six kinds of learning goals: Foundational Knowledge, Application, Integration, Human Dimension, Caring, and Learning to Learn. SL occurs when learning experiences promote interaction between the different kinds of goals, for example, acquiring knowledge alone is not enough, but when paired with a learning experience, such as an effective patient experience as in Caring, then significant (and lasting) learning occurs. To promote SL, backward design principles that start with clearly defined learning goals and the context of the situation of the learner are particularly effective. Emphasis on defining assessment methods prior to developing teaching/learning activities is the key: this ensures that assessment (where the learner should be at the end of the educational activity/process) drives instruction and that assessment and learning/instruction are tightly linked so that assessment measures a defined outcome (competency) of the learner. Employing backward design and the AAMC's MedBiquitous standard vocabulary for medical education can help to ensure that curricular design and redesign efforts effectively enhance educational program quality and efficacy, leading to improved patient care. Such methods can promote successful careers in health care for learners through development of self-directed learning skills and active learning, in ways that help learners become fully committed to lifelong learning and continuous professional development. PMID:24981665

Hurtubise, Larry; Roman, Brenda

2014-07-01

309

Competency-based medical education in two Sub-Saharan African medical schools  

PubMed Central

Background Relatively little has been written on Medical Education in Sub-Saharan Africa, although there are over 170 medical schools in the region. A number of initiatives have been started to support medical education in the region to improve quality and quantity of medical graduates. These initiatives have led to curricular changes in the region, one of which is the introduction of Competency-Based Medical Education (CBME). Institutional reviews This paper presents two medical schools, Makerere University College of Health Sciences and College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, which successfully implemented CBME. The processes of curriculum revision are described and common themes are highlighted. Both schools used similar processes in developing their CBME curricula, with early and significant stakeholder involvement. Competencies were determined taking into consideration each country’s health and education systems. Final competency domains were similar between the two schools. Both schools established medical education departments to support their new curricula. New teaching methodologies and assessment methods were needed to support CBME, requiring investments in faculty training. Both schools received external funding to support CBME development and implementation. Conclusion CBME has emerged as an important change in medical education in Sub-Saharan Africa with schools adopting it as an approach to transformative medical education. Makerere University and the University of Ibadan have successfully adopted CBME and show that CBME can be implemented even for the low-resourced countries in Africa, supported by external investments to address the human resources gap.

Kiguli-Malwadde, Elsie; Olapade-Olaopa, E Oluwabunmi; Kiguli, Sarah; Chen, Candice; Sewankambo, Nelson K; Ogunniyi, Adesola O; Mukwaya, Solome; Omaswa, Francis

2014-01-01

310

Competencies of Leaders and Managers in Educational Research and Development. Independent Research and Development Project Reports. Report No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report clarifies pilot efforts which address new problem areas in educational needs. The project was initiated to determine the specific competencies essential to the management of educational projects in research and development. The goals of the project were to establish a profile of identified competencies for use in planning the content…

DeAnda, Natividad

311

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Drafting. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for drafting occupations is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Contents of the guide are divided into eight curriculum levels, and students should be able to enter the program at the appropriate level of…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

312

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Air Conditioning/Refrigeration. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for air conditioning/refrigeration is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Two separate curricula, one for the vocational-technical level and one for the associate degree level, are presented. The six…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

313

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Nursing Occupations. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for nursing occupations is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Following an introductory section giving the philosophy, background, and recommendations for nursing education, the 82 study units are…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

314

Unravelling the genetic basis for competence development of auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A strains.  

PubMed

Bacterial natural genetic competence - well studied in Bacillus subtilis - enables cells to take up and integrate extracellularly supplied DNA into their own genome. However, little is known about competence development and its regulation in other members of the genus, although DNA uptake machineries are routinely encoded. Auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A derivatives, obtained from repeated rounds of random mutagenesis, were long known to develop natural competence. Inspection of the colony morphology and extracellular enzyme secretion of two of these derivatives, M28 and M18, suggested that regulator genes are collaterally hit. M28 emerged as a 14 bp deletion mutant concomitantly displaying a shift in the reading frame of degS that encodes the sensor histidine kinase, which is part of the molecular switch that directs cells to genetic competence, the synthesis of extracellular enzymes or biofilm formation, while for M18, sequencing of the suspected gene revealed a 375 bp deletion in abrB, encoding the major transition state regulator. With respect to colony morphology, enzyme secretion and competence development, both of the mutations, when newly generated on the wild-type B. licheniformis 9945A genetic background, resulted in phenotypes resembling M28 and M18, respectively. All of the known naturally competent B. licheniformis representatives, hitherto thoroughly investigated in this regard, carry mutations in regulator genes, and hence genetic competence observed in domesticated strains supposedly results from deregulation. PMID:25009236

Jakobs, Mareike; Hoffmann, Kerstin; Grabke, Anja; Neuber, Stefania; Liesegang, Heiko; Volland, Sonja; Meinhardt, Friedhelm

2014-10-01

315

Educational Accountability: The Issue of Competency-Based Education. Informational Bulletin 77-IB-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a brief discussion of the issues prompting concern with competency-based education (CBE) and an explanation of what it is and why it is so popular, this document goes on to discuss action Wisconsin and other states have taken to implement CBE. Very brief accounts are given of the minimal competency-type programs implemented in Sparta,…

Watchke, Gary A.

316

Competency-Based Vocational Education: What It Means to Industry in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current crisis in education, coupled with the changing work force and changing business needs in the 1990s, poses a challenge for vocational education. Competency-based vocational education needs to evaluate its competencies to see if training graduates to meet them will serve the needs of the new work situation and keep the United States…

Wilson, Patricia A.

317

Universities as Responsive Learning Organizations through Competency-Based Assessment with Electronic Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities should embrace democratic values. Using electronic portfolios, competency-based assessment can enact them. Rather than preset standards, competencies become boundary objects connecting individual student experience to community conversation about what it means to be educated. This article examines this approach in practice at New…

Cambridge, Darren

2008-01-01

318

A Problem-Based Criterion-Referenced Examination of Clinical Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model developed in Australia, designed to increase the reliability and validity of traditional final year examinations for medical students, aims to provide a profile of student performance over a range of defined competence categories. The level of competence is that expected of an intern. (Author/LBH)

And Others; Newble, David I.

1978-01-01

319

Building an Evaluation Framework for a Competency-Based Graduate Program at the University Of Southern Mississippi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an ongoing project to build a comprehensive evaluation framework for the competency-based Master of Science in Workforce Training and Development (MSWTD) program at The University of Southern Mississippi (USM). First, it discusses some trends and issues in evaluating the performance of higher education programs in the United…

Gaudet, Cyndi H.; Annulis, Heather M.; Kmiec, John J., Jr.

2008-01-01

320

A Description of a Student-Staffed, Competency-Based Laboratory for the Assessment of Interpersonal Communication Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based skill development and assessment procedure is used in an interpersonal communication course (SpCom 100) at Golden West College in California. SpCom 100, which offers 18 to 24 sections each semester, includes eight units: the interpersonal process, conversation, self-concept and disclosure, perception, verbal language, nonverbal…

Ratliffe, Sharon A.; Hudson, David D.

321

A Guide to Task Analysis for Competency Based Education. Health Occupations. Task Linkage Project Publication No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through synthesis and review of existing task analysis literature, this guide lists tasks expected to be performed by workers in ten health occupations and presents information for incorporating these tasks into articulated secondary and postsecondary competency based educational programs. Task listings are presented for the following…

Georgia State Univ., Atlanta. School of Education.

322

Designing a Competency-Based Program in Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine for the Professional Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A five-day workshop was successful in fulfilling its prime objective, development of a competency-based curriculum for veterinary public health and preventive medicine (VPH & PM). The model now may be used to re-evaluate and, where necessary, revise existing curriculums. (LBH)

Selby, Lloyd A.; And Others

1976-01-01

323

Monitor Student Progress and Maintain Student Records. Self-Instructional Competency-Based Professional Teacher Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is part of a series of self-instructional teacher training manuals designed to assist vocational-technical educators or industrial trainers to develop and implement competency-based vocational education (CBVE) programs in a school or industrial setting. The manual consists of the following sections: cover page that contains the…

Dimmlich, David; Oen, Urban T., Ed.

324

Competency assessment of nursing staff.  

PubMed

Changes in the healthcare industry have created great challenges for leaders of acute-care organizations. One of the greatest challenges is ensuring a competent nursing staff to care for patients within this changing environment (Boylan & Westra, 1998). Patients are more acutely ill and have shorter lengths of stay, placing greater demands on nurses who must demonstrate competency in caring for increasingly complex patients in a continually changing healthcare environment. Competency is defined as "the knowledge, skills, ability and behaviors that a person possesses in order to perform tasks correctly and skillfully" (O'Shea, 2002, p. 175). Competency assessment involves more than a checklist and a test. Hospitals are required to assess, maintain, demonstrate, track, and improve the competence of the staff. Competency assessment is an ongoing process of initial development, maintenance of knowledge and skills, educational consultation, remediation, and redevelopment. Methods to assess competencies include competency fairs, Performance Based Development System and online programs. Certain key people should be involved in the development of competencies. The department managers can give input related to department-specific competencies. Experienced staff members can provide valuable insight into the competencies that need to be assessed. Educators should be involved for providing the input for the methods used to validate competencies. Competencies are an important part of the work world. They are a part of a continual process to help ensure that the organization provides a high-quality care to its customers and patients. PMID:16735851

Whelan, Lynn

2006-01-01

325

Building Intercultural Competence through Intercultural Competency Certification of Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Intercultural Competency Certificate (CCI in Spanish) designed for the Universidad Popular Autonoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP University) is a theory based comprehensive plan to develop undergraduate students' intercultural competence. This Certificate is based in the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) developed by…

Janeiro, Maria G. Fabregas; Fabre, Ricardo Lopez; Nuno de la Parra, Jose Pablo

2014-01-01

326

Development of a NASA Integrated Technical Workforce Career Development Model Entitled Requisite Occupation Competencies and Knowledge -- the ROCK  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper shares the findings of NASA's Integrated Learning and Development Program (ILDP) in its effort to reinvigorate the HANDS-ON practice of space systems engineering and project/program management through focused coursework, training opportunities, on-the job learning and special assignments. Prior to March 2005, NASA responsibility for technical workforce development (the program/project manager, systems engineering, discipline engineering, discipline engineering and associated communities) was executed by two parallel organizations. In March 2005 these organizations merged. The resulting program-ILDP-was chartered to implement an integrated competency-based development model capable of enhancing NASA's technical workforce performance as they face the complex challenges of Earth science, space science, aeronautics and human spaceflight missions. Results developed in collaboration with NASA Field Centers are reported on. This work led to definition of the agency's first integrated technical workforce development model known as the Requisite Occupation Competence and Knowledge (the ROCK). Critical processes and products are presented including: 'validation' techniques to guide model development, the Design-A-CUrriculuM (DACUM) process, and creation of the agency's first systems engineering body-of-knowledge. Findings were validated via nine focus groups from industry and government, validated with over 17 space-related organizations, at an estimated cost exceeding $300,000 (US). Masters-level programs and training programs have evolved to address the needs of these practitioner communities based upon these results. The ROCK reintroduced rigor and depth to the practitioner's development in these critical disciplines enabling their ability to take mission concepts from imagination to reality.

Menrad, Robert J.; Larson, Wiley J.

2008-01-01

327

Inquiry-Based Science Education Competencies of Primary School Teachers: A literature study and critical review of the American National Science Education Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inquiry-based science education is an important innovation. Researchers and teachers consider it to be stimulating for pupils’ application of research skills, construction of meaning and acquiring scientific knowledge. However, there is ambiguity as to what competencies are required to teach inquiry-based science. Our purpose is to develop a profile of professional competence, required for effective inquiry-based science teaching in primary

Ester Alake-Tuenter; Harm J. A. Biemans; Hilde Tobi; Arjen E. J. Wals; Ida Oosterheert; Martin Mulder

2012-01-01

328

Behavioral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Behavioral competence is delineated in terms of four parameters: (a) Moral and Social Knowledge, (b) Social Skills, (c) Positive Characters and Positive Attributes, and (d) Behavioral Decision Process and Action Taking. Since Ma's other papers in this special issue have already discussed the moral and social knowledge as well as the social skills associated in detail, this paper focuses on the last two parameters. It is hypothesized that the following twelve positive characters are highly related to behavioral competence: humanity, intelligence, courage, conscience, autonomy, respect, responsibility, naturalness, loyalty, humility, assertiveness, and perseverance. Large-scale empirical future studies should be conducted to substantiate the predictive validity of the complete set of these positive characters. The whole judgment and behavioral decision process is constructed based on the information processing approach. The direction of future studies should focus more on the complex input, central control, and output subprocesses and the interactions among these sub-processes. The understanding of the formation of behavior is crucial to whole-person education and positive youth development. PMID:22645434

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

329

The Concept of Competence in the Development of Vocational Education and Training in Selected EU Member States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution reviews how four European countries--England, Germany, France and the Netherlands--use the concept of competence in the process of developing vocational education and training. Competence in England is set in the context of the National Vocational Qualifications; in Germany within action competence and the approach to learning…

Weigel, Tanja; Mulder, Martin; Collins, Kate

2007-01-01

330

Development of a New O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Tool and Examination of Validity and Reliability Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to create an evaluation tool that would be the new standard for evaluating clinical competencies of interns in the field of orientation and mobility (O&M). Using results from previous research in this area, specific competency skills were identified and the O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Matrix (CCEM) was developed.…

Renshaw, Rebecca L.

2010-01-01

331

Development of an international interdisciplinary course: a strategy to promote cultural competence and collaboration.  

PubMed

Now, more than ever, nurses are practicing in settings in which cultural competence and teamwork are essential to providing quality care. The expectation that nurses provide effective care across varied population groups highlights the need for attainment of cultural competency by baccalaureate nursing graduates. Nursing programs must develop strategies to address this educational need. In this article, the authors share their experiences in the development of an international interdisciplinary course that combined academic service learning with cultural immersion to promote the development of cultural competence and collaboration among students. By developing an interdisciplinary course that is of interest to a wide range of students, faculty can be successful in providing an opportunity for students with varied career paths to be better prepared to live and work in the world's global community. PMID:22964472

Smit, Eileen M; Tremethick, Mary Jane

2013-03-01

332

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Combination Welding. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on combination welding. This program is designed to run 28 weeks and cover 11 instructional areas: operation of oxyacetylene equipment, oxyacetylene track torch, related equipment, Beverly shears for strip steel, portable welding equipment,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

333

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Auto Body Repair. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on auto body repair. This program is designed to run 40 weeks and cover 7 instructional areas: use of basic repair tools; metal bumping (theory and practice); metal refinishing (theory and practice); panel replacement; glass work; spot…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

334

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Fiberglass Technician. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on fiberglass technician. This program covers 12 instructional areas: orientation, safety, introduction to fiberglass-reinforced plastics, hand lay-up, introduction to equipment operation, chopper operation, gel-coat equipment, finish and…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

335

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Machine Trades. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on machine trades. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 6 instructional areas: use of measuring tools; benchwork/tool bit grinding; lathe work; milling work; precision grinding; and combination machine work. A duty-task index…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

336

A competency model for general practice: implications for selection, training, and development.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: The role of the general practitioner (GP) has changed significantly over the past decade. This problem is compounded by growing concern over postgraduate attrition rates from medicine, with current estimates as high as 19%. AIM: To define a comprehensive model of the competencies required for the job role of GP. METHOD: Three independent studies were conducted to define GP competencies including (1) critical incidents focus groups with GPs, (2) behavioural coding of GP-patient consultations, and (3) critical incidents interviews with patients. Study 1 was conducted with GPs (n = 35) from the Trent region. Study 2 involved observation of GP-patient consultations (n = 33 consultations), and Study 3 was conducted with patients (n = 21), all from a Midlands-based medical practice. RESULTS: The data collected from the three studies provided strong evidence for a competency model comprising 11 categories with a summary of the associated behavioural descriptions. Example competencies included empathy and sensitivity, communication skills, clinical knowledge and expertise, conceptual thinking, and coping with pressure. CONCLUSIONS: Triangulation of results was achieved from three independent studies. The competencies derived imply that a greater account of personal attributes needs to be considered in recruitment and training, rather than focusing on academic and clinical competency alone. The model could be employed for future research in design of selection techniques for the role of GP. PMID:10750226

Patterson, F; Ferguson, E; Lane, P; Farrell, K; Martlew, J; Wells, A

2000-01-01

337

Clinical Teaching Competence Inventory for Nursing Preceptors: Instrument Development and Testing.  

PubMed

Abstract The aim of the study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument which measures clinical teaching competencies of nursing preceptors. It is necessary to investigate what kinds of teaching competencies are required in modern, more student-centered higher education teaching contexts. Nurses need to possess teaching competence to perform the role of preceptor properly. However, empirical studies exploring teaching competence are rare. Psychometric testing was conducted on a sample of 389 clinical nursing preceptors from three hospitals in 2010. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability testing were conducted on the 53-item Clinical Teaching Competencies Scale. Results indicated that principal axis factoring extraction identified four factors through a promax rotation: student evaluation, goal setting and individual teaching, teaching strategies, and demonstration of organized knowledge. The Cronbach's ? values for the four factors ranged from .82 to .87. The Clinical Teaching Competence Inventory was found to have adequate construct validity and internal consistency of reliability for clinical nursing preceptors to assess clinical teaching behaviors in practice settings. PMID:23909460

Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing; Chiu, Hsiu-Win; Chen, Ya-Lin

2013-08-01

338

Clinical teaching competence inventory for nursing preceptors: instrument development and testing.  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument which measures clinical teaching competencies of nursing preceptors. It is necessary to investigate what kinds of teaching competencies are required in modern, more student-centered higher education teaching contexts. Nurses need to possess teaching competence to perform the role of preceptor properly. However, empirical studies exploring teaching competence are rare. Psychometric testing was conducted on a sample of 389 clinical nursing preceptors from three hospitals in 2010. Exploratory factor analysis and reliability testing were conducted on the 53-item Clinical Teaching Competencies Scale. Results indicated that principal axis factoring extraction identified four factors through a promax rotation: Student evaluation, goal setting and individual teaching, teaching strategies, and demonstration of organized knowledge. The Cronbach's ? values for the four factors ranged from 0.82-0.87. The Clinical Teaching Competence Inventory was found to have adequate construct validity and internal consistency of reliability for clinical nursing preceptors to assess clinical teaching behaviors in practice settings. PMID:24787255

Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing; Chiu, Hsiu-Win; Chen, Ya-Lin

2014-02-01

339

Thank you for joining: Developing Your Networking Competency  

E-print Network

Partners, Inc. Focus Strategic Partners, Inc. helps clients: Manage organizational change Develop on Style Appreciating how personality (introversion, extroversion, communication styles, shyness) & mindset

Vertes, Akos

340

Competencies for Port and Logistics Personnel: An Application of Regional Human Resource Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel, a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert…

Ahn, Young-sik; McLean, Gary N.

2008-01-01

341

Perceived development needs of managers compared to an integrated management competency model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This research sets out to achieve three goals: first, to discover the most important management development areas specified by Finnish managers; second, to discover the intentions of Finnish managers in management development on a personal level and with the support of organizations; and third, to compare the above mentioned aspects and to compare those also with competency models

Riitta Viitala

2005-01-01

342

An Ecological Model of Developing Researcher Competence: The Case of Software Technology in Doctoral Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an ecological model of developing researcher competence, with a particular focus on doctoral students' use of research software. The model extends on theoretical work done by Young et al. ("Instructional Science 30"(1): 47-63, 2002), modelling the intentional dynamics of technological learning contexts. The development of the…

Stelma, Juup

2011-01-01

343

Assessing Students' Emotional Competence in Higher Education: Development and Validation of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the development and validation studies of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale (WELS), a self-report measure, for assessing students' social and emotional competence in higher education. Conceptual specifications, item development, psychometric properties, and factor structure of the instrument are reported in the article. The…

Wang, Ning; Young, Thomas; Wilhite, Stephen C.; Marczyk, Geoffrey

2011-01-01

344

Developing Critical Cultural Competence: A Guide for 21st-Century Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasingly diverse nature of today's schools and the need to increase the achievement of all students, no matter their background, requires 21st-century teachers to develop critical cultural competence. Looking at data is not enough. We have to know who our students are! This book shows you how to provide professional development that…

Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye; Levin, Barbara B.

2011-01-01

345

Development of a Competency Framework for Quality Improvement in Family Medicine: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive framework of quality improvement competencies for use in continuing professional development (CPD) and continuing medical education (CME) for European general practice/family medicine physicians (GPs/FDs). Methods: The study was carried out in three phases: literature review,…

Czabanowska, Katarzyna; Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika; Potter, Amanda; Rochfort, Andree; Tomasik, Tomasz; Csiszar, Judit; Van den Bussche, Piet

2012-01-01

346

A Globetrotting Pilgrimage: An Exploration of Spiritual Growth and the Development of Intercultural Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between spiritual growth and the development of intercultural competence through the experiences of followers of Christ working in least developed countries. To address this purpose, a qualitative study using narrative inquiry and in-depth semi structured interviews were employed to…

Eifert, Angela Lynn

2012-01-01

347

The Development of the Competency Oriented Personalized Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following more than 2 years of study and research, the faculty of the College of Education developed a plan whereby the student experience is focused on three major elements: a) the Individualized Learning System, b) the Field Experience, and c) the Personal Development Experience. These three elements are integrated to constitute a total learning…

Wisconsin Univ., Superior. Coll. of Education.

348

Developing a Competency-Based Elementary Teacher Education Program at Norfolk State College Based on the Implications-Study of the Comprehensive Elementary Teacher Education Models. Final Report. Vol. I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews the culmination of a series of activities, procedures, and conferences which were employed by the faculty of Norfolk State College (NSC) for the study of the Comprehensive Elementary Teacher Education Models (CETEMS). Five major procedures were incorporated in the process of studying the programs. The first step was to develop

Hafiz, M. Sharif

349

Complementary medicine: evidence base, competence to practice and regulation.  

PubMed

This paper describes the current status and evidence base for acupuncture, homeopathy, herbal and manipulative medicine, as well as the regulatory framework within which these therapies are provided. It also explores the present role of the Royal College of Physicians' Subcommittee on Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in relation to these developments. A number of CAM professions have encouraged the Royal College of Physicians Subcommittee to act as a reference point for their discussions with the conventional medical profession and the subcomittee believes that they are able to fulfil this function. PMID:12848257

Lewith, George T; Breen, Alan; Filshie, Jacqueline; Fisher, Peter; McIntyre, Michael; Mathie, Robert T; Peters, David

2003-01-01

350

Social competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.  

PubMed

Social competence is defined in terms of interpersonal relationships, self and group identities, and development of citizenship. While the focus of the author's previous research is on relationship and identity, the main focus of this paper is on the development of citizenship. A 4-stage developmental model of citizenship is proposed. A brief discussion of the educational implication of each of the stages is presented. The issues concerning the assessment of social competence are clearly delineated, and the discussion serves as a basis for future studies. Finally, five current issues concerning the launch of the "Moral and National Education (MNE) Subject" in Hong Kong primary and secondary schools are discussed. PMID:22645418

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

351

Social Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Social competence is defined in terms of interpersonal relationships, self and group identities, and development of citizenship. While the focus of the author's previous research is on relationship and identity, the main focus of this paper is on the development of citizenship. A 4-stage developmental model of citizenship is proposed. A brief discussion of the educational implication of each of the stages is presented. The issues concerning the assessment of social competence are clearly delineated, and the discussion serves as a basis for future studies. Finally, five current issues concerning the launch of the “Moral and National Education (MNE) Subject” in Hong Kong primary and secondary schools are discussed. PMID:22645418

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

352

The Child Development Associate: Competence, Training and Professionalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the history, training, philosophy, and professionalism of the Child Development Associate (CDA) credential. Although CDA recipients are adequately prepared as early childhood educators, they have difficulty gaining access to the profession of early childhood education. (DE)

Benson, Margaret S.; Peters, Donald L.

1988-01-01

353

Integrative Medicine in Residency Education: Developing Competency Through Online Curriculum Training  

PubMed Central

Introduction The Integrative Medicine in Residency (IMR) program, a 200-hour Internet-based, collaborative educational initiative was implemented in 8 family medicine residency programs and has shown a potential to serve as a national model for incorporating training in integrative/complementary/alternative medicine in graduate medical education. Intervention The curriculum content was designed based on a needs assessment and a set of competencies for graduate medical education developed following the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education outcome project guidelines. The content was delivered through distributed online learning and included onsite activities. A modular format allowed for a flexible implementation in different residency settings. Evaluation To assess the feasibility of implementing the curriculum, a multimodal evaluation was utilized, including: (1) residents' evaluation of the curriculum; (2) residents' competencies evaluation through medical knowledge testing, self-assessment, direct observations, and reflections; and (3) residents' wellness and well-being through behavioral assessments. Results The class of 2011 (n??=??61) had a high rate of curriculum completion in the first and second year (98.7% and 84.2%) and course evaluations on meeting objectives, clinical utility, and functioning of the technology were highly rated. There was a statistically significant improvement in medical knowledge test scores for questions aligned with content for both the PGY-1 and PGY-2 courses. Conclusions The IMR program is an advance in the national effort to make training in integrative medicine available to physicians on a broad scale and is a success in terms of online education. Evaluation suggests that this program is feasible for implementation and acceptable to residents despite the many pressures of residency. PMID:23451312

Lebensohn, Patricia; Kligler, Benjamin; Dodds, Sally; Schneider, Craig; Sroka, Selma; Benn, Rita; Cook, Paula; Guerrera, Mary; Dog, Tieraona Low; Sierpina, Victor; Teets, Raymond; Waxman, Dael; Woytowicz, John; Weil, Andrew; Maizes, Victoria

2012-01-01

354

A competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge using the Essential Bronchoscopist: An initial concept study  

PubMed Central

Background and objective Competency-based training and assessment are increasingly replacing the traditional structure- and process-based model of medical education. The web-based Essential Bronchoscopist (EB) is an open access, laddered, competency-based curriculum of question-answer sets pertaining to basic bronchoscopic knowledge, accessible in five languages. The purpose of this study was to use consensus to evaluate whether question-answer sets (items) from the EB could provide material from which to devise competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge that could be used in countries with different health-care environments. Methods Ten junior and five senior bronchoscopists in Argentina and the USA were asked to identify the material in each of the 186 items of the EB as either ‘not necessary’, ‘necessary’ or ‘absolutely necessary’ for inclusion in a competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge. The kappa statistic was used to analyse inter-rater agreement. Results More than 80% of the 30 participants rated 150 of 186 items as necessary or absolutely necessary. Seventy items were rated as absolutely necessary by more than 50% of participants and as necessary or absolutely necessary by more than 90%. There was no statistically significant difference between items selected, based on level of training or environment of practice. Conclusion Consensus among junior and senior bronchoscopists from two culturally different health-care environments demonstrated that question-answer sets from the EB can be used to provide material for competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge. PMID:18713095

DAVOUDI, Mohsen; QUADRELLI, Silvia; OSANN, Kathryn; COLT, Henri G.

2014-01-01

355

How to Help Senior Chemical Engineering Students Enhance and Develop Their Leadership Competence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemical engineering students at the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) have the opportunity to enhance and develop their leadership competence by taking on a team leadership role in a first-year integrated design project. All fourth-year students enrolled for the Project Management in Practice (PMP) course go through a comprehensive team leader selection process. This selection process involves doing three psychometric tests (Belbin, Myers-Briggs, and Leadership Styles) and a competency-based interview with all the PMPs instructors. Finally, a group of about a dozen students are chosen to lead teams formed of first-year students and to manage the design project in which all first-year courses actively participate (hence the adjective of integrated). First-year team member selection is done by team leaders who develop their own selection criteria and take into account first-year students Belbin roles. The PMP course, like the first-year integrated design project, lasts two consecutive 15-week periods with 4 class hours per week. One hour is reserved for the individual coaching process between a PMP instructor and his/her assigned team leaders. Two more hours are devoted to teaching leadership, project management, and facilitation concepts, techniques, and tools. The remaining class hour is devoted to the weekly formal meeting of leaders with the first-year project team. Hence, there is also a vertical integration between the PMP course and the first-year integrated design project. The assessment of the team leaders leadership competence is carried out at the individual and team levels. At the individual level, the following processes are in place: (a) a 360-degree feedback process, (b) project management reports (a team charter and a final report per period), oral presentations (one presentation per period), (c) learning journals, (d) behavioral event interviews, and (e) focus groups with team members. Team effectiveness is measured by: (a) a team climate survey, (b) the evaluation of project products (a design report and a poster or an oral presentation followed by a defense), and (c) focus groups with first-year instructors.

Alabart, Joan

356

The development of ESD-related competencies in supportive institutional frameworks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is a matter of global importance, the requirements and needs of people differ according to their regional circumstances. (Not only) in Germany—in keeping with the increasingly international focus of "output" evaluations—one dominant educational debate has centred on effective ways of mapping and understanding pupils' competencies. This article provides a Model of Competence for ESD in the formal education sector. This model aims to inform the organisation of teaching and to help assess the learning outcomes of pupils who have received instruction in issues relating to ESD. The competence model was developed and extended in connection with two German federal state innovation programmes which aimed to implement the concept of ESD in schools across the country.

de Haan, Gerhard

2010-06-01

357

GDF11 controls the timing of progenitor cell competence in developing retina.  

PubMed

The orderly generation of cell types in the developing retina is thought to be regulated by changes in the competence of multipotent progenitors. Here, we show that a secreted factor, growth and differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), controls the numbers of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), as well as amacrine and photoreceptor cells, that form during development. GDF11 does not affect proliferation of progenitors-a major mode of GDF11 action in other tissues-but instead controls duration of expression of Math5, a gene that confers competence for RGC genesis, in progenitor cells. Thus, GDF11 governs the temporal windows during which multipotent progenitors retain competence to produce distinct neural progeny. PMID:15976303

Kim, Joon; Wu, Hsiao-Huei; Lander, Arthur D; Lyons, Karen M; Matzuk, Martin M; Calof, Anne L

2005-06-24

358

Competing fatigue mechanisms in Nickel-base superalloy Rene 88DT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nickel base superalloys exhibit superior high temperature mechanical properties required for aircraft engine components. It has been known that the processing of these alloys by the powder metallurgy route introduces inclusions inside the material. The presence of such inclusions often leads to competing failure modes in fatigue that is described by a step-wise or two distinct S-N curves involving both the surface and internally-initiated cracks, resulting in large uncertainties of fatigue life. A clear understanding of such behavior is yet to be established. The principal objective of this research is to examine the effect of inclusions on the extent of fatigue failure competition from surface and internal initiators at two different specimen test volumes. Experimental fatigue testing has been performed to explore how the presence of inclusions affects the competing fatigue failure modes. In addition, how the competing failure modes will behave with changes in the specimen size was also studied. Two groups of material each with two different specimen sizes were used in this study. It has been shown that the two crack initiation mechanisms occurred in the small unseeded Rene 88DT specimens tested at 650şC over the stress range tested. Additionally, the fatigue lives were reduced with increase in specimen volume. All fatigue failures in seeded material occurred due to crack initiations from the seeded inclusions. In the fatigue life of seeded material, two competing and separate S-N curves were found in small test volume, whereas, in the large test volume, the regions were separated by a "step" in S-N curve. It has been found that the largest inclusion size observed in metallographic surfaces was smaller than the size determined from the fatigue failure origin. An analysis method based on extreme value statistics developed by Murakami was used to predict the largest size of inclusion in the test volume. The results of this study clearly show that competition for fatigue failure between surface and internal initiations is affected by inclusion content and specimen volume. Extreme value statistics is capable of predicting the largest inclusion that can start fatigue failure, even if the inclusion is not seen in microscopy

Chang, Paul N.

359

Competencies for a U.S. horticulture undergraduate major: a national delphi-study.  

E-print Network

??Competency-based curriculum involves defining set knowledge, skills and values for a particular education. Many technical undergraduate majors have developed a list of competencies for evaluation,… (more)

Basinger, Ashley R.

2007-01-01

360

Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

Kretschmann, Rolf

2010-01-01

361

Competency development in antibody production in cancer cell biology  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The main objective of this project was to develop a rapid recombinant antibody production technology. To achieve the objective, the authors employed (1) production of recombinant antigens that are important for cell cycle regulation and DNA repair, (2) immunization and specific selection of antibody-producing lymphocytes using the flow cytometry and magnetic bead capturing procedure, (3) construction of single chain antibody library, (4) development of recombinant vectors that target, express, and regulate the expression of intracellular antibodies, and (5) specific inhibition of tumor cell growth in tissue culture. The authors have accomplished (1) optimization of a selection procedure to isolate antigen-specific lymphocytes, (2) optimization of the construction of a single-chain antibody library, and (3) development of a new antibody expression vector for intracellular immunization. The future direction of this research is to continue to test the potential use of the intracellular immunization procedure as a tool to study functions of biological molecules and as an immuno-cancer therapy procedure to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Park, M.S.

1998-12-01

362

Developing Competency To Manage Diversity: Readings, Cases, and Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All members of organizations take part in creating a climate in which all people are treated fairly and can achieve and contribute to their full potential, and where diversity, as an organizational resource, can be fully leveraged to enhance organizational performance. This book was designed to assist individuals and work teams in developing

Cox, Taylor, Jr.; Beale, Ruby L.

363

From Competence to Excellence: Developing Excellence in Vocational Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Kingdom's Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), UK SKILLS, and the Further Education Skills Competition Council conducted a collaborative action research project to improve students' vocational learning and skills through enhanced learning experiences. From February 2001 to April 2002, three further education colleges worked to…

Smeaton, Barry; Hughes, Maria; Hall, Graeme

364

Developing Leaders: The Role of Competencies in Rural Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pending retirements underscore the need to develop community college campus leaders. Rural community colleges will be particularly hard-hit by changes in leadership as they represent the majority of 2-year colleges and face unique challenges given their location. To help address the anticipated leadership transition, the American Association of…

Eddy, Pamela L.

2013-01-01

365

Developing Competencies in Science and Maths in Bulgaria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most countries are either reforming their education systems, or thinking about doing so. The EU, through its "Transversal" programme, funds hundreds of study visits every year to enable education professionals to learn at first hand about developments in its member states. The author joined a group from France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Spain and…

Walsh, Ed

2012-01-01

366

Impact of a competency based curriculum on quality improvement among internal medicine residents.  

PubMed

BackgroundTeaching quality improvement (QI) principles during residency is an important component of promoting patient safety and improving quality of care. The literature on QI curricula for internal medicine residents is limited. We sought to evaluate the impact of a competency based curriculum on QI among internal medicine residents.MethodsThis was a prospective, cohort study over four years (2007ż2011) using pre-post curriculum comparison design in an internal medicine residency program in Canada. Overall 175 post-graduate year one internal medicine residents participated. A two-phase, competency based curriculum on QI was developed with didactic workshops and longitudinal, team-based QI projects. The main outcome measures included self-assessment, objective assessment using the Quality Improvement Knowledge Assessment Tool (QIKAT) scores to assess QI knowledge, and performance-based assessment via presentation of longitudinal QI projects.ResultsOverall 175 residents participated, with a response rate of 160/175 (91%) post-curriculum and 114/175 (65%) after conducting their longitudinal QI project. Residentsż self-reported confidence in making changes to improve health increased and was sustained at twelve months post-curriculum. Self-assessment scores of QI skills improved significantly from pre-curriculum (53.4 to 69.2 percent post-curriculum [p-value 0.002]) and scores were sustained at twelve months after conducting their longitudinal QI projects (53.4 to 72.2 percent [p-value 0.005]). Objective scores using the QIKAT increased post-curriculum from 8.3 to 10.1 out of 15 (p-value for difference <0.001) and this change was sustained at twelve months post-project with average individual scores of 10.7 out of 15 (p-value for difference from pre-curriculum <0.001). Performance-based assessment occurred via presentation of all projects at the annual QI Project Podium Presentation Day.ConclusionThe competency based curriculum on QI improved residentsż QI knowledge and skills during residency training. Importantly, residents perceived that their QI knowledge improved after the curriculum and this also correlated to improved QIKAT scores. Experiential QI project work appeared to contribute to sustaining QI knowledge at twelve months. PMID:25429802

Fok, Mark C; Wong, Roger Y

2014-11-28

367

Development of professional competence via self-instructional units.  

PubMed

In recent years, self-instructional teaching methods have come under criticism from educators, much of it warranted. But when self-instructional materials are written by experienced educators who teach the topic and are developed within a versatile process using a proven format, they are extremely valuable teaching aids. We discuss here the results of a grant project funded by W. K. Kellogg Foundation and describe the process used at Kettering Medical Center's School of Medical Technology to develop and produce over 100 self-instructional units. We also discuss potential uses of self-instructional units in professional continuing education programs and suggest ways self-instructional units might be used to promote interdisciplinary health care and expansion of professional knowledge banks. This project confirmed that professions can create their own educational materials through the independent efforts of their members. PMID:6735896

Fiene, M A; Fannon, M; Drewry, S; Spahn, M A

1984-05-01

368

Flow-Based Microfluidic Device for Quantifying Bacterial Chemotaxis in Stable, Competing Gradients?  

PubMed Central

Chemotaxis is the migration of cells in gradients of chemoeffector molecules. Although multiple, competing gradients must often coexist in nature, conventional approaches for investigating bacterial chemotaxis are suboptimal for quantifying migration in response to gradients of multiple signals. In this work, we developed a microfluidic device for generating precise and stable gradients of signaling molecules. We used the device to investigate the effects of individual and combined chemoeffector gradients on Escherichia coli chemotaxis. Laminar flow-based diffusive mixing was used to generate gradients, and the chemotactic responses of cells expressing green fluorescent protein were determined using fluorescence microscopy. Quantification of the migration profiles indicated that E. coli was attracted to the quorum-sensing molecule autoinducer-2 (AI-2) but was repelled from the stationary-phase signal indole. Cells also migrated toward higher concentrations of isatin (indole-2,3-dione), an oxidized derivative of indole. Attraction to AI-2 overcame repulsion by indole in equal, competing gradients. Our data suggest that concentration-dependent interactions between attractant and repellent signals may be important determinants of bacterial colonization of the gut. PMID:19411425

Englert, Derek L.; Manson, Michael D.; Jayaraman, Arul

2009-01-01

369

Developing Interactional Competence by Using TV Series in "English as an Additional Language" Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses a combined methodology to analyse the conversations in supplementary audio-visual materials to be implemented in language teaching classrooms in order to enhance the Interactional Competence (IC) of the learners. Based on a corpus of 90.000 words (Coupling Corpus), the author tries to reveal the potentials of using TV series in …

Sert, Olcay

2009-01-01

370

Using cloud-based mobile technology for assessment of competencies among medical students.  

PubMed

Valid, direct observation of medical student competency in clinical settings remains challenging and limits the opportunity to promote performance-based student advancement. The rationale for direct observation is to ascertain that students have acquired the core clinical competencies needed to care for patients. Too often student observation results in highly variable evaluations which are skewed by factors other than the student's actual performance. Among the barriers to effective direct observation and assessment include the lack of effective tools and strategies for assuring that transparent standards are used for judging clinical competency in authentic clinical settings. We developed a web-based content management system under the name, Just in Time Medicine (JIT), to address many of these issues. The goals of JIT were fourfold: First, to create a self-service interface allowing faculty with average computing skills to author customizable content and criterion-based assessment tools displayable on internet enabled devices, including mobile devices; second, to create an assessment and feedback tool capable of capturing learner progress related to hundreds of clinical skills; third, to enable easy access and utilization of these tools by faculty for learner assessment in authentic clinical settings as a means of just in time faculty development; fourth, to create a permanent record of the trainees' observed skills useful for both learner and program evaluation. From July 2010 through October 2012, we implemented a JIT enabled clinical evaluation exercise (CEX) among 367 third year internal medicine students. Observers (attending physicians and residents) performed CEX assessments using JIT to guide and document their observations, record their time observing and providing feedback to the students, and their overall satisfaction. Inter-rater reliability and validity were assessed with 17 observers who viewed six videotaped student-patient encounters and by measuring the correlation between student CEX scores and their scores on subsequent standardized-patient OSCE exams. A total of 3567 CEXs were completed by 516 observers. The average number of evaluations per student was 9.7 (±1.8 SD) and the average number of CEXs completed per observer was 6.9 (±15.8 SD). Observers spent less than 10 min on 43-50% of the CEXs and 68.6% on feedback sessions. A majority of observers (92%) reported satisfaction with the CEX. Inter-rater reliability was measured at 0.69 among all observers viewing the videotapes and these ratings adequately discriminated competent from non-competent performance. The measured CEX grades correlated with subsequent student performance on an end-of-year OSCE. We conclude that the use of JIT is feasible in capturing discrete clinical performance data with a high degree of user satisfaction. Our embedded checklists had adequate inter-rater reliability and concurrent and predictive validity. PMID:24109549

Ferenchick, Gary S; Solomon, David

2013-01-01

371

Developing ambulatory care registered nurse competencies for care coordination and transition management.  

PubMed

The need for care coordination and management of transitions between Patient-Centered Medical Home providers, outpatient and community settings, including the Accountable Care Organization is often overlooked, episodic, and accountability for coordinating care and managing transitions between providers and services is lacking. Recognizing the potential of the RN to contribute to enhanced quality, cost effectiveness, and access to care in ambulatory settings, the Board of Directors of the American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing (AAACN) created a care coordination competencies action plan with three phases to delineate RN competencies and develop an education program for care coordination and transition management in ambulatory care. The first Expert Panel completed a comprehensive, interdisciplinary literature review and analysis focused on care coordination and transition management. The second Expert Panel--representing nu rsing, medicine, and pharmacy--defined the dimensions, identified core competencies, and described the activities linked with each competency for care coordination and transition management in ambulatory settings. The third Expert Panel reviewed, confirmed, and created a table of dimensions, activities, and competencies (including knowledge, skills, attitudes) for ambulatory care RN care coordination and transition management. PMID:23505750

Haas, Sheila; Swan, Beth Ann; Haynes, Traci

2013-01-01

372

Teaching Faculty about Substance Abuse: Evaluating Clinical Competence and Professional Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the evaluation of a faculty development program implemented to address the deficit in physicians' clinical and teaching competence regarding substance abuse. Participants in the university hospital program included faculty fellows from five departments. Annual, random chart audits assessed changes in rates of substance use documentation by residents supervised and not supervised by the fellows. Paired t tests

Antonnette V. Graham; Mary Altpeter; Stephanie Emmitt-Myers; Theodore V. Parran Jr; Stephen Zyzanski

1996-01-01

373

Barriers and Effective Educational Strategies to Develop Extension Agents' Professional Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported here determined the barriers and effective educational strategies to develop Extension agents' professional competencies. This was a descriptive survey research conducted with a random sample of Extension agents. Increased workload and lack of time and funding were identified as the most constraining barriers of Extension…

Lakai, Dona; Jayaratne, K. S. U.; Moore, Gary E.; Kistler, Mark J.

2012-01-01

374

Phonological Awareness, Peer Nominations, and Social Competence among Preschool Children at Risk for Developing Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the relationship between phonological awareness skills and social-emotional competence among 98 Israeli preschool children, 39 at risk for developing learning disabilities. Children at risk had lower phonological awareness measures, viewed themselves as more lonely, felt less confident, and were less accepted by peers. (Contains…

Most, Tova; Al-Yagon, Michal; Tur-Kaspa, Hana; Margalit, Malka

2000-01-01

375

Principal's Desirability for Professional Development in Competencies Related to Leading Special Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of public school principals within the Commonwealth of Virginia as to their desirability for professional development in leading special education programs within their schools. Given a list of 18 competencies related to leading special education principals rated their desirability for…

Pontius, Nicholas Frantz

2010-01-01

376

Say What?! L2 Sociopragmatic Competence in CMC: Skill Transfer and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More so than any other type of learner error, pragmatic mistakes interfere with the ability to communicate (Bardovi-Harlig & Dörnyei, 1998), yet there is relatively little understanding of how pragmatic competence develops in the language classroom or how best to teach it, and whether relevant skills may transfer from the L1 (Eisenchlas, 2011;…

Abrams, Zsuzsanna

2013-01-01

377

Supporting the Development of Emotional Intelligence Competencies to Ease the Transition from Primary to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore (1) whether pupils with high emotional intelligence (EI) cope better with the transition to high school; and (2) whether the introduction of an intervention programme to support the development of EI competencies can increase EI and self-worth, and so ease the negative effects of transition. Results suggest that pupils…

Qualter, P.; Whiteley, H. E.; Hutchinson, J. M.; Pope, D. J.

2007-01-01

378

Developing Learners' Second Language Communicative Competence through Active Learning: Clickers or Communicative Approach?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the impact of clickers, the communicative approach and the lecture method on the communicative competence development of learners who were taught English a second language (ESL). Ninety nine pupils from three primary schools participated in the study. Quasi-experimental non-randomised pre-test posttest…

Agbatogun, Alaba Olaoluwakotansibe

2014-01-01

379

Developing the Teaching Competences of Novice Faculty Members: A Review of International Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to outline what could be learned from the international research literature on the issue of developing teaching competences of novice faculty members. The mission of academics has changed in recent years. Academics must now also meet a strong social demand for graduates' access to employment and are increasingly…

Kiffer, Sacha; Tchibozo, Guy

2013-01-01

380

Using Video Feedback and Annotations to Develop ICT Competency in Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a study that focused on developing Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) competency in pre-service teacher education Units of Study. The study adopted a collaborative-learn-technology-by-design conceptual framework. One-hundred and twenty pre-service teachers participated in the semester-long study.…

Anderson, Kate; Kennedy-Clark, Shannon; Galstaun, Vilma

2012-01-01

381

Perceived Personal and Social Competence: Development of Valid and Reliable Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last 20 years, youth programming has shifted from risk reduction to youth development. While numerous instruments exist to measure selected individual characteristics/competencies among youth, a comprehensive instrument to measure four constructs of personal and social skills could not be identified. The purpose of this study was to…

Fetro, Joyce V.; Rhodes, Darson L.; Hey, David W.

2010-01-01

382

Service-Learning: A Tool to Develop Employment Competencies for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students will face a workplace transformed even from the one that existed five years ago. Public and private organizations presently require employees to possess highly developed core competencies. This shift in expectations, exacerbated by high unemployment among recent college graduates, has made accountability a hot issue for higher…

Ramson, Amy J.

2014-01-01

383

A review of informal learning literature, theory and implications for practice in developing global professional competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Informal learning's roots emerged from educational philosophers John Dewey, Kurt Lewin and Mary Parker Follett to theorists Malcolm Knowles and other successive researchers. This paper explores the background and definitions of informal learning and applications to the global workplace. Informal learning's challenges are applied to developing global professional competence, including theory, practice and policy implications. The paper argues that informal

Thomas J. Conlon

2004-01-01

384

Competing Roles of Interfacial Tension and Surfactant Equivalent Weight in the Development of a Chemical Flood  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation focused on developing an efficient chemical flooding process by use of dilute surfactant\\/polymer slugs. The competing roles of interfacial tension (IFT) and equivalent weight (EW) of the surfactant used, as well as the effect of different types of preflushes on tertiary oil recovery, were studied. Volume of residual oil recovered per gram of surfactant used was examined as

S. L. Enedy; C. D. Stahl

1982-01-01

385

Prototype Training Program for the Preparation of Curriculum Consultants for Exceptional Children. Instructor's Manual for Module 7.0: Developing/Instruction. Competencies 7.1 through 7.4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part 7 of a series of 13 instructor's manuals for the competency based training of curriculum consultants for exceptional children focuses on the development of instruction. Four competencies are considered: (1) that a curriculum consultant should be capable of developing a familiarity with the current literature on institutional practices for…

Meyen, Edward L.; Altman, Reuben

386

Development of a Core Competency Model for the Master of Public Health Degree  

PubMed Central

Core competencies have been used to redefine curricula across the major health professions in recent decades. In 2006, the Association of Schools of Public Health identified core competencies for the master of public health degree in graduate schools and programs of public health. We provide an overview of the model development process and a listing of 12 core domains and 119 competencies that can serve as a resource for faculty and students for enhancing the quality and accountability of graduate public health education and training. The primary vision for the initiative is the graduation of professionals who are more fully prepared for the many challenges and opportunities in public health in the forthcoming decade. PMID:18633093

Calhoun, Judith G.; Ramiah, Kalpana; Weist, Elizabeth McGean; Shortell, Stephen M.

2008-01-01

387

Toward an Integrated Competence-Based System Supporting Lifelong Learning and Employability: Concepts, Model, and Challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Efficient and effective lifelong learning requires that people can make informed decisions about their continuous personal development in the different stages of their life. In this paper we state that lifelong learners need to be characterized as decision-makers. In order to improve the quality of their decisions, we propose the development of an integrated lifelong learning and employment support system, which traces learners’ competence development and provides a decision support environment. An abstract conceptual model has been developed and the main design ideas have been documented using Z notation. Moreover, we analyzed the main technical challenges for the realization of the target system: competence information fusion, decision analysis models, spatial indexing structures and browsing structures and visualization of competence-related information objects.

Miao, Yongwu; van der Klink, Marcel; Boon, Jo; Sloep, Peter; Koper, Rob

388

Proceedings of the Towards Competency Seminar. A Seminar on Curriculum Development and Evaluation in Vocational Education in New Zealand (Wellington, New Zealand, August 30-31, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings begin with opening remarks that discuss seminar concerns and objectives. These remarks define two concerns: (1) evaluation of the methods of curriculum development and evaluation appropriate for vocational education in New Zealand; and (2) development of guidelines to assist educators to meet the requirements for competency-based

Wagner, Graham, Ed.

389

Outcome (Competency) Based Education: An Exploration of Its Origins, Theoretical Basis, and Empirical Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcome based or competency based education (OBE) is so firmly established in undergraduate medical education that it might not seem necessary to ask why it was included in recommendations for the future, like the Flexner centenary report. Uncritical acceptance may not, however, deliver its greatest benefits. Our aim was to explore the…

Morcke, Anne Mette; Dornan, Tim; Eika, Berit

2013-01-01

390

A fuzzy approach for the evaluation of competences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maintaining and developing competitive advantages in a constantly changing market require the creation and exploitation of a network of adequate competences. Competence management necessitates both clean formalization and evaluation of the pertinence of competences. This depends on several factors and involves subjective elements. In this paper, a methodological approach for evaluating competences is proposed. This new approach is mainly based

Grégoire Pépiot; Naoufel Cheikhrouhou; Jean-Marie Fürbringer; Rémy Glardon

2008-01-01

391

Representing Organizational Competencies Artur Caetano Joo Pombinho Jos Tribolet  

E-print Network

Representing Organizational Competencies Artur Caetano João Pombinho José Tribolet Department actors and business processes through the descrip- tion of the organizational competencies required and Modeling]: Model development Keywords Competency-based management, competency, skill, actor, sched- uling

392

`Learning Experience' Provided by Science Teaching Practice in a Classroom and the Development of Students' Competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the literature, there is a very important corpus of knowledge that allows for the investigation of some dimensions of `learning experience' provided to students, in relation to epistemic, pedagogical and meta-cognitive practices. However, in the literature, there is little investigation into the invariance (or not) of the characteristics of students' learning experience while being taught a scientific subject by the same teacher. This paper suggests that the relationship between the learning experience provided and the competences developed is not properly highlighted. This paper analyses the learning experience provided to students in epistemic, pedagogical and meta-cognitive terms. The students were taught the proprieties and applications of light by one teacher, in three classes, over 7 weeks. We analysed the data in each referred learning experience, using a pre-defined category system. The students' competences were evaluated by a competence test. The epistemic demand of each item and the students' performances were also analysed. Our findings point to the non invariance of learning experiences provided to students and the influence of some dimensions of learning experiences provided in the development of certain competences. These findings and their implications are contextualized and discussed.

Lopes, J. Bernardino; Branco, Julia; Jimenez-Aleixandre, Maria Pilar

2011-11-01

393

EU-Level Competence Development Projects in Agri-Food-Environment: The Involvement of Sectoral Social Partners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The European Commission and social partner organisations at EU level encourage the lifelong development of qualifications and competence. This is reflected in many policy reports and reviews. This paper seeks to show the involvement of social partner organisations at the level of EU-funded competence development projects.…

Mulder, Martin

2006-01-01

394

Competence exploration and exploitation in new product development : The moderating effects of environmental dynamism and competitiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to extend research on exploration and exploitation by investigating the effects of competence exploration and exploitation on new product development outcomes in China. Premised from the perspective of environment-performance relationship and the fit-as-moderation view, the authors argue that exploration and exploitation have curvilinear effects on new product development performance due to external environmental factors. Design\\/methodology\\/approach

Tsau-Tang Yang; Ci-Rong Li

2011-01-01

395

SOS Response Activation and Competence Development Are Antagonistic Mechanisms in Streptococcus thermophilus  

PubMed Central

Streptococcus includes species that either contain or lack the LexA-like repressor (HdiR) of the classical SOS response. In Streptococcus pneumoniae, a species which belongs to the latter group, SOS response inducers (e.g., mitomycin C [Mc] and fluoroquinolones) were shown to induce natural transformation, leading to the hypothesis that DNA damage-induced competence could contribute to genomic plasticity and stress resistance. Using reporter strains and microarray experiments, we investigated the impact of the SOS response inducers mitomycin C and norfloxacin and the role of HdiR on competence development in Streptococcus thermophilus. We show that both the addition of SOS response inducers and HdiR inactivation have a dual effect, i.e., induction of the expression of SOS genes and reduction of transformability. Reduction of transformability results from two different mechanisms, since HdiR inactivation has no major effect on the expression of competence (com) genes, while mitomycin C downregulates the expression of early and late com genes in a dose-dependent manner. The downregulation of com genes by mitomycin C was shown to take place at the level of the activation of the ComRS signaling system by an unknown mechanism. Conversely, we show that a ComX-deficient strain is more resistant to mitomycin C and norfloxacin in a viability plate assay, which indicates that competence development negatively affects the resistance of S. thermophilus to DNA-damaging agents. Altogether, our results strongly suggest that SOS response activation and competence development are antagonistic processes in S. thermophilus. PMID:23204467

Boutry, Céline; Delplace, Brigitte; Clippe, André; Fontaine, Laetitia

2013-01-01

396

A Pareto frontier intersection-based approach for efficient multiobjective optimization of competing concept alternatives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The expected growth of civil aviation over the next twenty years places significant emphasis on revolutionary technology development aimed at mitigating the environmental impact of commercial aircraft. As the number of technology alternatives grows along with model complexity, current methods for Pareto finding and multiobjective optimization quickly become computationally infeasible. Coupled with the large uncertainty in the early stages of design, optimal designs are sought while avoiding the computational burden of excessive function calls when a single design change or technology assumption could alter the results. This motivates the need for a robust and efficient evaluation methodology for quantitative assessment of competing concepts. This research presents a novel approach that combines Bayesian adaptive sampling with surrogate-based optimization to efficiently place designs near Pareto frontier intersections of competing concepts. Efficiency is increased over sequential multiobjective optimization by focusing computational resources specifically on the location in the design space where optimality shifts between concepts. At the intersection of Pareto frontiers, the selection decisions are most sensitive to preferences place on the objectives, and small perturbations can lead to vastly different final designs. These concepts are incorporated into an evaluation methodology that ultimately reduces the number of failed cases, infeasible designs, and Pareto dominated solutions across all concepts. A set of algebraic samples along with a truss design problem are presented as canonical examples for the proposed approach. The methodology is applied to the design of ultra-high bypass ratio turbofans to guide NASA's technology development efforts for future aircraft. Geared-drive and variable geometry bypass nozzle concepts are explored as enablers for increased bypass ratio and potential alternatives over traditional configurations. The method is shown to improve sampling efficiency and provide clusters of feasible designs that motivate a shift towards revolutionary technologies that reduce fuel burn, emissions, and noise on future aircraft.

Rousis, Damon A.

397

Predicting Organization Development Consulting Competence from the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and Stage of Ego Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 77-item Consulting Competence Survey was developed and tested for reliability and validity. During a six-month course designed to help members of a corporate quality staff develop organization development (OD) skills, 64 trainees were each assessed by two of their peers using this instrument. The trainees were also assessed by two trainers using a five-item trainer rating instrument. Two dependent

Gervase R. Bushe; Barrie W. Gibbs

1990-01-01

398

The role of simulation in the development of technical competence during surgical training: a literature review  

PubMed Central

Objectives To establish the current state of knowledge on the effect of surgical simulation on the development of technical competence during surgical training. Methods Using a defined search strategy, the medical and educational literature was searched to identify empirical research that uses simulation as an educational intervention with surgical trainees. Included studies were analysed according to guidelines adapted from a Best Evidence in Medical Education review. Results A total of 32 studies were analysed, across 5 main categories of surgical simulation technique - use of bench models and box trainers (9 studies); Virtual Reality (14 studies); human cadavers (4 studies); animal models (2 studies) and robotics (3 studies). An improvement in technical skill was seen within the simulated environment across all five categories. This improvement was seen to transfer to the real patient in the operating room in all categories except the use of animals. Conclusions Based on current evidence, surgical trainees should be confident in the effects of using simulation, and should have access to formal, structured simulation as part of their training. Surgical simulation should incorporate the use of bench models and box trainers, with the use of Virtual Reality where resources allow. Alternatives to cadaveric and animal models should be considered due to the ethical and moral issues surrounding their use, and due to their equivalency with other simulation techniques. However, any use of surgical simulation must be tailored to the individual needs of trainees, and should be accompanied by feedback from expert tutors.

2013-01-01

399

Loss of ectodermal competence for lateral line placode formation in the direct developing frog Eleutherodactylus coqui.  

PubMed

In the direct-developing frog Eleutherodactylus coqui neuromasts and ganglia of the lateral line system never develop. We show here that this absence of the lateral line system, which is evolutionarily derived in anurans, is due to very early changes in development. Ectodermal thickenings, which are typical of lateral line placodes, and from which neuromasts and ganglion cells of the lateral line originate, never form in E. coqui, although other neurogenic placodes are present. Moreover, although NeuroD is expressed in the lateral line placodes of Xenopus laevis, corresponding expression sites are lacking in E. coqui. Heterospecific transplantation experiments show that axolotl ectoderm can be induced to form lateral line placodes after transplantation to E. coqui hosts but that E. coqui ectoderm does not form lateral line placodes on axolotl hosts. This suggests that the loss of the lateral line system in E. coqui is due to the specific loss of ectodermal competence to form lateral line placodes in response to inductive signals. Our results (1) indicate that the competence for lateral line placode formation is distinct and dissociable from the competence to form other neurogenic placodes and (2) support the idea that the lateral line system acts as a module in development and evolution. PMID:10479453

Schlosser, G; Kintner, C; Northcutt, R G

1999-09-15

400

Competency Based Training Program for Department Chairpersons and Other Resource Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Competency Based Training Program is a three part, three phase package. It contains: (1) a research document; (2) a set of 18 programed units and; (3) cassettes to accompany two specific units. The program phases require that: (1) the participant and a training advisor jointly perform a needs assessment activity and select appropriate units…

Bingen, Frances N.; And Others

401

Entrepreneur Program. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The document consists of matrices that describe the relationship of vocational skills to basic communication, mathematics, and science skills within the entrepreneur…

De Maria, Richard

402

Marine Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Abbott, Alan

403

All Hands on Deck: Ten Lessons from Early Adopters of Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceived value of postsecondary education to economic competitiveness and individual success is driving innovation in higher education. Competency-based education (CBE) is the latest disruption that seeks to respond to the growing sense of national urgency to boost education attainment. The target audience generally includes those adult…

Book, Patricia A.

2014-01-01

404

Exploring Agribusiness and Natural Resources. Competency Based Education Curriculum. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based prevocational exploration curriculum in agribusiness and natural resources is divided into the following eight areas: agricultural business (sales); animal science (health and grooming); horticulture (grafting and budding); agricultural products (grading eggs); plant science (germination); soil science (soil acidity and…

Lawrence, Layle D.

405

Health Services: Clinical. Respiratory Therapy Aide. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual consists of materials for use in presenting a course in the occupational area of respiratory therapy aide. Included in the first part of the guide are a program master sequence; a master listing of instructional materials, equipment, and supplies; an overview of the competency-based vocational education (CBVE) system; and…

Cave, Julie; And Others

406

Teachers Facing Change. A Small-Scale Study of Teachers Working with Competency-Based Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored how eight Technical and Further Education (TAFE) teachers from Canberra Institute of Technology were dealing with changes to their role as a result of competency-based training. An extended interview was held with each participant; a set of focus questions provided a loose structure. Five teachers were observed; where possible,…

Robinson, P.

407

Marketing Education. Teacher Handbook. Vocational Education. Grades 9-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for competency-based courses in the vocational program area of marketing education. A background and overview section contains the philosophy and rationale, discusses thinking skills and programs for exceptional children, and provides notes that explain how to…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

408

Industrial Communications Exploration. Practical Arts. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides curriculum materials for implementing a career exploration class in industrial communications within a Practical Arts Education program for middle/junior high school students. Introductory materials include the program master sequence, a list of industrial communications occupations, and an overview of the competency-based

Keeton, Martha; And Others

409

Student Perceptions of Assessment and Student Self-Efficacy in Competence-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to provide insight into the interplay between student perceptions of competence-based assessment and student self-efficacy, and how this influences student learning outcomes. Results reveal that student perceptions of the form authenticity aspect and the quality feedback aspect of assessment do predict student…

van Dinther, Mart; Dochy, Filip; Segers, Mien; Braeken, Johan

2014-01-01

410

Project ABC: Advancement Based on Competency. 1982-1987 Summary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project Advancement Based on Competency (ABC) was a 5-year study funded jointly by the Alberta Department of Education and the Calgary Board of Education for the sum of $999,950. The study extended from 1982 to 1987, exploring alternatives to the Carnegie Unit in three senior high schools in Calgary. The Unit was established in 1907 to regulate…

Barrington, Gail V.; And Others

411

Remediating and Enriching Performance Learning. Implementing Competency Based Education in Community Colleges, 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series on implementing competency-based education, this monograph discusses some diagnostic and prescriptive techniques which can be used in the day-to-day management of performance learning to determine which students need remediation or enrichment. Using analogies from detective work, the monograph suggests ways of assessing students'…

Loomis, Katherine A.; And Others

412

A Competency-Based Learning Resource Retrieval Process : The LUISA-UHP Case-Study  

E-print Network

. The paper describes a global framework enabling competency-based search of learning resources making a heavy use of semantic technologies. First it presents the generic components. Then it exemplifies how a query is processed, Finally, users' feedback, lessons learnt and future trends are provided as well

Boyer, Edmond

413

Introduction to MADE (Careers). Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is one in a series of competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). It consists of some introductory remarks concerning the course, a lesson plan, a course outline, and four sections of lessons for use in implementing the course. Covered in the individual sections are the…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

414

Cosmetology/Hairstyling. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Romano, Marie

415

Competency System-Based Practice Sub Domain Health Care Quality Improvement  

E-print Network

Competency System-Based Practice Sub Domain Health Care Quality Improvement Learning Objective 1 principles* (1) · Explains the value of interdisciplinary health care teams in improving patient care of an interdisciplinary health care team to ensure that care is continuous and reliable (3) · Describes strategies

Leistikow, Bruce N.

416

Philosophy of Education and Vocational Arts Education: An Interdisciplinary, Competency-Based Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Merits and criticisms are included in this description of a program at Wayne State University (in Detroit, Michigan), consisting of a competency based, interdisciplinary intern seminar which combines vocational arts education and educational philosophy into a single set of educational objectives. (SH)

Craig, Robert Paul

1977-01-01

417

Cultural Competence and Evidence-Based Practice in Mental Health Services: A Complementary Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for cultural competence and the need for evidence-based practice in mental health services are major issues in contemporary discourse, especially in the psychological treatment of people of color. Although these 2 paradigms are complementary in nature, there is little cross-fertilization in the psychological literature. The present article illustrates the complementary nature of these 2 paradigms. A main point

Arthur L. Whaley; King E. Davis

2007-01-01

418

Competency-Based Curriculum for Prevocational Exploration. Marine/Fresh Water.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum is intended to help teachers of prevocational career exploration courses in West Virginia to present information about marine/fresh water occupations. The document is organized into five units: fisheries, life sciences, marine life cultivation, research, and water vehicle operation. Each unit consists of five to 15…

Reese, Clara C.

419

The Australian Way: Competency-Based Training in the Corporate Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examples from road construction, mining, and other Australian industries show that the corporate sector has responded slowly to the introduction of a national framework for competency-based training. As industry bears more of the costs of training, it has yet to see returns in terms of productivity gains. (SK)

Kellie, Deborah

1999-01-01

420

School Television for Social Studies: A Competency-Based Matrix. Grades 9-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School television programs are keyed by this matrix to social studies competency-based curriculum objectives for grades 9-12. The matrix covers 7 television series. The first 2 series, "Consumer Connection" and "Consumer Squad," each contain 7 programs recommended for grade 9 legal, political, and economic systems studies. "Equal Justice under…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

421

Disrupting the Game-Changer: Remembering the History of Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the changes and challenges that Competency-based education (CBE) has bought to the higher education arena. Cautions are being offered about the most prominent features of the version being promoted today, particularly its hyper-individualization. CBE's recent prominence is due to better technology, a friendly policy…

Gallagher, Chris W.

2014-01-01

422

Assessing English as a Second Language: From Classroom Data to a Competence-Based  

E-print Network

Assessing English as a Second Language: From Classroom Data to a Competence-Based Open Learner for English as a Second Language. We describe moving from classroom data, through an automated assessment-assessment of English as a Second Lan- guage and illustrate how we move from data collected in classroom activities

Bull, Susan

423

An Evaluation Report of the Implementation of the Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The general objective of the Competency - Based Curriculum (CBC) is to facilitate success in and enjoyment of learning by all students in the District of Columbia public schools. Individual rates of growth and differences in learning styles are provided for by this approach, which assures that skills requisite to successful adult functioning are…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Div. of Research, Planning and Evaluation.

424

An Evaluation of the Competency Based Curriculum Summer In-Service Course "Foundations of Curriculum Writing."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1975, the Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) was adopted as a vehicle for achieving excellence in the District of Columbia public schools. A total of 213 elementary and secondary school teachers and 16 instructors participated in the inservice course "Foundations of Curriculum Writing for CBC." The participants were divided into six…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC.

425

Psychotherapy Training for Residents: Reconciling Requirements with Evidence-Based, Competency-Focused Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada (RCPSC) changed the training requirements in psychotherapy, moving toward evidence-based therapies and emphasizing competence and proficiency as outcomes of training. This article examines whether the therapies…

Weerasekera, Priyanthy; Manring, John; Lynn, David John

2010-01-01

426

Health Services: Clinical. Dietary Aide. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual consists of materials for use in presenting a course in the occupational area of dietary aide. Included in the first part of the guide are a program master sequence; a master listing of instructional materials, equipment, and supplies; an overview of the competency-based vocational education (CBVE) system; and guidelines…

Cave, Julie; And Others

427

Implementation of Innovations in Higher Education: The Case of Competency-Based Training in Ghana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A notable trend in recent years has been the introduction of competency-based training (CBT) in vocational education and training systems in many countries. Several CBT training programmes in Ghana have been accredited and quality assured. This article explores the perception of both students and lecturers towards CBT and examines factors that…

Boahin, Peter; Hofman, W. H. Adriaan

2012-01-01

428

Competency-Based Training in International Perspective: Comparing the Implementation Processes Towards the Achievement of Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article undertakes a comparison of competency-based training (CBT) systems in a number of countries with the purpose of drawing lessons to support Ghana and other countries in the process of CBT implementation. The study focuses on recognition of prior learning and involvement of industry since these features seem crucial in achieving…

Boahin, Peter; Eggink, Jose; Hofman, Adriaan

2014-01-01

429

Cultural Competence and Evidence-Based Practice in Mental Health Services: A Complementary Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for cultural competence and the need for evidence-based practice in mental health services are major issues in contemporary discourse, especially in the psychological treatment of people of color. Although these 2 paradigms are complementary in nature, there is little cross-fertilization in the psychological literature. The present…

Whaley, Arthur L.; Davis, King E.

2007-01-01

430

Welding. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Browning, Terry

431

Building Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; a preface; a…

Gudzak, Raymond

432

Assessment of Competency-Based Instruction. Final Report. Volumes I-II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A statewide assessment process was designed and pilot tested to determine the extent to which competency-based instruction (CBI) has been implemented in vocational-technical education programs and courses in all public community and technical colleges in Texas. The final report consists of two volumes. Volume I contains the rationale…

Lovelace, Bill E.; LaBrecque, Suzanne V.

433

Competency-based instruction in critical invasive skills improves both resident performance and patient safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Correct performance of invasive skills is essential, but residents often undertake such procedures after no or minimal instruction. Methods: We instructed eight postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents in the cadaver laboratory using a competency-based approach (CBI). Each resident had been evaluated before the laboratory during patient encounters. Group instruction in endotracheal tube insertion (ET), venous cutdown (VC), and chest

Marcel Martin; Bhupesh Vashisht; Eldo Frezza; Terri Ferone; Barbara Lopez; Murlidhar Pahuja; Richard K. Spence

1998-01-01

434

Fashion Merchandising. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Williams, Edwina

435

Dental Assisting. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Mattia, Nancy

436

Selection rhizosphere-competent microbes for development of microbial products as biocontrol agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rhizosphere-borne microorganisms reintroduced to the soil-root interface can establish without inducing permanent disturbance in the microbial balance and effectively colonise the rhizosphere due to carbon sources of plant root exudates. A challenge for future development of microbial products for use in agriculture will be selection of rhizosphere-competent microbes that both protect the plant from pathogens and improve crop establishment and

A. V. Mashinistova; A. A. Elchin; N. V. Gorbunova; V. S. Muratov; K. A. Kydralieva; B. M. Khudaibergenova; V. P. Shabaev; Sh. J. Jorobekova

2009-01-01

437

Assessment and Development of Competency of Clinical Engineering Practitioners - South East Asian Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Clinical Engineering was relatively unknown and remained an obscure engineering discipline in South East Asian countries until\\u000a the 1990s. Typically for most healthcare institutions, the management of medical equipment within the hospital environment\\u000a mainly focused on reactive breakdown maintenance management. Hospitals were unable to develop in-house clinical engineering\\u000a capabilities, since there was a severe shortage of skilled and competent technical

Ashok V. Shah; Azman Hamid

438

Key competencies in sustainability: a reference framework for academic program development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emerging academic field focused on sustainability has been engaged in a rich and converging debate to define what key\\u000a competencies are considered critical for graduating students to possess. For more than a decade, sustainability courses have\\u000a been developed and taught in higher education, yet comprehensive academic programs in sustainability, on the undergraduate\\u000a and graduate level, have emerged only over

Arnim WiekLauren Withycombe; Lauren Withycombe; Charles L. Redman

2011-01-01

439

Life Centered Career Education: A Competency Based Approach. Fifth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide, based on the position that career education is a major focus of the educational program, is designed to assist students with disabilities to become productive workers and independent adults. Chapter 1 provides an overview of the history and importance of career education for children with disabilities. The features of career…

Brolin, Donn E.

440

Air Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration. Competency-Based Curriculum Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was developed to serve as an aid to administrators and instructors involved with postsecondary air conditioning, heating, and refrigeration programs. The first of six chapters contains general information on program implementation, the curriculum design, facilities and equipment requirements, and textbooks and references. Chapter 2…

Gourley, Frank A., Jr.

441

Competency-Based Curriculum in Transportation. General Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed and written for industrial arts instructors and students, this teacher-developed curriculum offers both a model for instructors and practical guidelines for classroom activities that explore the field of transportation. Various aspects of course design and delivery are covered in the introductory section, including course goals and…

Tennessee State Dept. of Education, Nashville. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

442

A Competency-Based Instructional Program for Plant Process Operations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program guide provides materials to prepare learners for employment as Process Plant Operators through classroom instruction and practical shop experience. Contents include instructional goal and subgoals, an instructional analysis that describes development of the materials and instructional equipment and supplies and facilities…

McDaniel, Joy; Mills, Steven

443

Competency-Based English Teaching and Learning: Investigating Pre-Service Teachers of Chinese's Learning Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English competency is known as one of the crucial skills in various social contexts in Hong Kong. In tertiary educational setting, English courses do not focus solely on the development of the four language skills. Rather, they put emphasis on the application of English Language for academic use or instrumental use. This paper will investigate the…

Wong, Ruth M. H.

2008-01-01

444

Introduction to Psychomotor Skills (NS 117): Competency-Based Course Syllabus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Introduction to Psychomotor Skills" (NS 117) is the first of seven core courses in the associate degree nursing program at Chattanooga State Technical Community College. The course was designed to help students develop competencies in psychomotor skills necessary to assume the role of provider of direct patient care. The course syllabus for NS…

Brady, Marilyn H.; Wells, Tanya G.

445

Inquiry-Based Science Education Competencies of Primary School Teachers: A Literature Study and Critical Review of the American National Science Education Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inquiry-based science education is an important innovation. Researchers and teachers consider it to be stimulating for pupils' application of research skills, construction of meaning and acquiring scientific knowledge. However, there is ambiguity as to what competencies are required to teach inquiry-based science. Our purpose is to develop a…

Alake-Tuenter, Ester; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Tobi, Hilde; Wals, Arjen E. J.; Oosterheert, Ida; Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

446

Supporting Early Childhood Teachers to Promote Children's Social Competence: Components for Best Professional Development Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing recognition that young children's social competence is critical because it is positively associated with their school readiness and academic success. However, professional development (PD) opportunities for early childhood teachers to enhance their roles in promoting young children's social competence are limited. In…

Han, Heejeong Sophia

2014-01-01

447

The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC): Development and Validation of a Self-Reported Measure that Fits Dimensions of Emotional Competence Theory  

PubMed Central

Emotional Competence (EC), which refers to individual differences in the identification, understanding, expression, regulation and use of one’s own emotions and those of others, has been found to be an important predictor of individuals’ adaptation to their environment. Higher EC is associated with greater happiness, better mental and physical health, more satisfying social and marital relationships and greater occupational success. While it is well-known that EC (as a whole) predicts a number of important outcomes, it is unclear so far which specific competency(ies) participate(s) in a given outcome. This is because no measure of EC distinctly measures each of the five core emotional competences, separately for one’s own and others’ emotions. This lack of information is problematic both theoretically (we do not understand the processes at stake) and practically (we cannot develop customized interventions). This paper aims to address this issue. We developed and validated in four steps a complete (albeit short: 50 items) self-reported measure of EC: the Profile of Emotional Competence. Analyses performed on a representative sample of 5676 subjects revealed promising psychometric properties. The internal consistency of scales and subscales alike was satisfying, factorial structure was as expected, and concurrent/discriminant validity was good. PMID:23671616

Brasseur, Sophie; Grégoire, Jacques; Bourdu, Romain; Mikolajczak, Moďra

2013-01-01

448

Research plan for developing trauma core competencies for nurses in Thailand.  

PubMed

The aim of this research plan was identification and development of core competencies for emergency trauma nurses in Thailand. The research plan was undertaken in three phases. Phase I: a national survey of the critical dimensions of care; Phase II: development of a 64 item tool; and Phase III: efficiency study with emergency nurses representing Level-1, Regional, Community and Rural facilities. Six dimensions of competency were identified: cooperation, decision-making, leadership, problem-solving, teamwork, and technical knowledge with a content validity index (CVI) of 1.00 and internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) of 0.98 (N=485 RNs in 29 hospitals). Analysis of the first year pilot study data using a 5 point likert scale (N=285 RNs in 16 hospitals), nurses rated themselves as 4.18 (SD=0.69) and their peers at 4.00 (SD=0.68). Head nurse evaluations averaged 3.98 (SD=0.55). ANOVA demonstrated no statistical significance (p=0.09) between groups. The results of the preliminary studies demonstrated appropriateness of the core competency items, but refinement is required prior to national distribution. PMID:20129437

Unhasuta, Krongdai; Robinson, Marylou V; Magilvy, Kathy

2010-01-01

449

Development of an adherence/competence rating scale for individual drug counseling.  

PubMed

This paper reports on the development of a 43 item rating scale that assesses therapist adherence and competence in individual drug counseling (IDC) for the treatment of cocaine dependence. Three independent judges rated 41 audiotaped IDC sessions from the pilot/training phase of the NIDA collaborative cocaine study. Judges also rated 11 tapes of Cognitive sessions and ten tapes of Supportive Expressive psychodynamic sessions. Interjudge reliability for the total scale score and subscales ranged from 0.55 to 0.89 and internal consistency coefficients ranged from 0.43 to 0.95. Ratings indicated that IDC counselors used IDC techniques more frequently and competently than did therapists from other modalities. PMID:9023068

Barber, J P; Mercer, D; Krakauer, I; Calvo, N

1996-12-11

450

Desired Competencies of Employees on International Agricultural Development Projects as Indicated by Project Managers: A Qualitative Study  

E-print Network

DESIRED COMPETENCIES OF EMPLOYEES ON INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS AS INDICATED BY PROJECT MANAGERS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY A Thesis by M?RANDA RUTH SANDLIN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas... of Employees on International Agricultural Development Projects as Indicated by Project Managers: A Qualitative Study Copyright 2010 M?Randa Ruth Sandlin DESIRED COMPETENCIES OF EMPLOYEES ON INTERNATIONAL AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS AS INDICATED...

Sandlin, M'Randa Ruth

2011-08-08

451

Competencies for Student Leadership Development in Doctor of Pharmacy Curricula to Assist Curriculum Committees and Leadership Instructors  

PubMed Central

Objective. To assist curriculum committees and leadership instructors by gathering expert opinion to define student leadership development competencies for pharmacy curricula. Methods. Twenty-six leadership instructors participated in a 3-round, online, modified Delphi process to define competencies for student leadership development in pharmacy curricula. Round 1 asked open-ended questions about leadership knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Round 2 grouped responses for agreement rating and comment. Round 3 allowed rating and comment on competencies not yet meeting consensus, which was prospectively set at 80%. Results. Eleven competencies attained 80% consensus or higher and were grouped into 3 areas: leadership knowledge, personal leadership commitment, and leadership skill development. Connections to contemporary leadership development literature were outlined for each competency as a means of verifying the panel’s work. Conclusions. The leadership competencies will aid students in addressing: What is leadership? Who am I as a leader? What skills and abilities do I need to be effective? The competencies will help curriculum committees and leadership instructors to focus leadership development opportunities, identify learning assessments, and define program evaluation. PMID:24371346

Traynor, Andrew P.; Boyle, Cynthia J.

2013-01-01

452

Competent Psychopharmacology  

PubMed Central

There is little doubt that undergraduate and post-graduate training of physicians, pharmacists, and nurses is insufficient to prepare them to use psychotropics safely and effectively, especially in the context of their expanded off-label uses. Therefore, the development of competencies in psychotropic prescribing needs to be approached as a long-term, practice-based learning commitment. Proposed are the abilities and knowledge components necessary for safe and effective use of psychotropics. Typical challenges in prescribing for chronic and recurrent illnesses include highly variable responses and tolerability, drug interactions, and adverse effects that can be serious, irreversible, and even fatal. Prescribing psychotropics is further complicated by negative public and professional reports and growing patient concerns about the quality of care, and questions about the efficacy, safety, and addictive risks of psychotropics. Increased efforts are needed to enhance clinical training and knowledge in psychopharmacology among trainees and practising clinicians, with more comprehensive and sustained attention to the assessment of individual patients, and greater reliance on patient education and collaboration. Improved competence in psychotropic prescribing should lead to more informed, thoughtful, and better-targeted applications as one component of more comprehensive clinical care. PMID:25161064

Gardner, David M

2014-01-01

453

The Effect of Computer Interactive Simulation on Situational Decision-Making and Competency Development of Experienced Staff Nurses  

E-print Network

THE EFFECT OF COMPUTER INTERACTIVE SIMULATION ON SITUATIONAL DECISION-MAKING AND COMPETENCY DEVELOPMENT OF EXPERIENCED STAFF NURSES ABSTRACT Simulation and gaming as learning methodologies are increasing in use. Many ...

Peterson, Bonnie Lou

2012-05-31

454

Leadership competencies and perceptions of students following a traditional or web-based graduate academic leadership course  

E-print Network

leadership competency scores based on self-perceived leadership skills, leadership expertise, and Web-based and traditional classroom style. The population for this study consisted of students enrolled in a graduate level leadership course in the Spring...

Koch, Sharon Elaine

2005-08-29

455

Competency-Based Degree Programs in the U.S.: Postsecondary Credentials for Measurable Student Learning and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today the U.S. higher education system is facing a crisis regarding its perceived quality. One model for improving quality is competency-based education, in which an institution clearly defines the specific competencies expected of its graduates. A key challenge is how to help more people, particularly adults, succeed at the post¬secondary level…

Klein-Collins, Rebecca

2012-01-01

456

The Role of End-of-Course Exams and Minimum Competency Exams in Standards-Based Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors looked at the effects of one old-style educational reform--higher course graduation requirements--and five standard-based reforms--(1) school report cards; (2) rewards for school improvement; (3) sanctions for failing schools; (4) minimum competency examinations; and (5) hybrid minimum competency exam…

Bishop, John H.; Mane, Ferran; Bishop, Michael; Moriarty, Joan Y.

2001-01-01

457

Competency Based Education Training Program for Local School-Community Councils. Final Report--Volume I, September 15, 1978 through September 14, 1979. A Monograph.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary goal of the project described in this monograph was to develop a competency-based training program for the preparation of school-community council members. A secondary goal was that this training program be generalizable to other educational institutions and agencies that utilize advisory councils. Interviews with 16 school staff and…

Hall, Burnis, Jr.; Barnwell, Eleanor I.

458

The Competent Use of the Analytic Method in the Solution of Algebraic Word Problems: A Didactical Model Based on a Numerical Approach with Junior High Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study proves that a didactical model based in a method to solve word problems of increasing complexity which uses a numerical approach was essential to develop the analytical ability and the competent use of the algebraic language with students from three different performance levels in elementary algebra. It is shown that before using the…

Rubio, Guillermo; del Valle, Rafael

2004-01-01

459

Project CIRCLE: Curriculum by Industry Review--Computers Link to Education. A Competency Based Education Curriculum for Microcomputer Applications, Word Processing, Database Management, and Spreadsheet Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides background materials for Project CIRCLE (Curriculum by Industry Review-Computers Link to Education), a competency-based curriculum developed to provide trainers or educators teaching short-term or long-term programs with a complete field-tested curriculum in microcomputer applications. Prefatory materials and acknowledgements…

Blumenschein, Susan; Williamson, Ellenore

460

Exploring Preschoolers' Engagement and Perceived Physical Competence in an Autonomy-Based Object Control Skill Intervention: A Preliminary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe children's engagement during two (high and low) autonomy-based climates. Twenty-five preschool children participated in a nine-week object control skill intervention. Children completed the object control subscale of the Test of Gross Motor Development 2nd Edition and the perceived physical competence

Logan, Samuel; Robinson, Leah; Webster, E. Kipling; Barber, Laura

2013-01-01

461

Classroom Effects of a Hybrid Universal and Indicated Prevention Program for Preschool Children: A Comparative Analysis Based on Social and Emotional Competence Screening  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: The current study's main aim was to implement a multifocused, community-based intervention for preventing conduct problems in preschool children. Our assumption was that the same intervention program could be delivered concomitantly as a universal prevention program for all children as well as an indicated prevention program for high-risk children selected after screening for social and emotional competencies development.

Catrinel Alice ?tefan; Mircea Miclea

2012-01-01

462

A critical time for medical education: the perils of competence-based reform of the curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid expansion in scientific knowledge, changes in medical practice, and greater demands from patients and society necessitate\\u000a reform of the medical curriculum. In recognition of this, medical educators across the world have recommended the adoption\\u000a of competence-based education. This is intended to increase the rigour and relevance of the curriculum, move students beyond\\u000a a focus on the memorisation and regurgitation

Karen Malone; Salinder Supri

463

Fuzzy Specializations and Aggregation Operator Design in CompetenceBased Human Resource Selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central component of most knowledge-based Human Resource Management (HRM) systems is a model of the actual or required knowledge and abilities of employees, applicants and job positions. The\\u000a notion of competence has been used in many of them to describe levels of skills and knowledge as applied to concrete work situations. Nonetheless,\\u000a the imprecise nature of relationships and interactions

Miguel-Ángel Sicilia; Elena García-Barriocanal; Rafael Alcalde

464

Training and retaining staff to competently deliver an evidence-based practice: The role of staff attributes and perceptions of organizational functioning  

PubMed Central

Within the context of an initiative to implement evidence-based practices (EBPs) for adolescents with substance use disorders, this study examined the extent to which staff factors measured at an initial EBP training workshop were predictive of EBP-competence and turnover status of staff (N=121) measured 6, 9, and 12 months post-training. By the final assessment point, 52.3% of staff transitioned to the Employed/EBP-Competent category, 26.6% transitioned to the Not Employed/Not EBP-Competent category, 4.6% transitioned to the Not Employed/EBP-Competent category, and 16.5% had not transitioned out of the initial category. Multilevel multinomial regression analysis identified several measures that were significant predictors of staff transitions to the Not Employed/Not EBP-Competent category (e.g., program needs, job satisfaction, burnout) and transitions to the Employed/EBP-Competent category (e.g., months in position, pressures for change, influence). Findings have implications for the development and testing of strategies to train and retain staff to deliver EBPs in practice settings. PMID:22112507

Garner, Bryan R.; Hunter, Brooke D.; Godley, Susan H.; Godley, Mark D.

2011-01-01

465

Competencies: A New Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Job analysis of managers in 42 Irish three-star hotels identified the following key management competencies and associated behavioral indicators. The results were used to develop a competency framework for management development. (Contains 29 references.) (SK)

Brophy, Monica; Kiely, Tony

2002-01-01

466

READING and FEELING: the effects of a literature-based intervention designed to increase emotional competence in second and third graders  

PubMed Central

Emotional competence has an important influence on development in school. We hypothesized that reading and discussing children’s books with emotional content increases children’s emotional competence. To examine this assumption, we developed a literature-based intervention, named READING and FEELING, and tested it on 104 second and third graders in their after-school care center. Children who attended the same care center but did not participate in the emotion-centered literary program formed the control group (n = 104). Our goal was to promote emotional competence and to evaluate the effectiveness of the READING and FEELING program. Emotional competence variables were measured prior to the intervention and 9 weeks later, at the end of the program. Results revealed significant improvements in the emotional vocabulary, explicit emotional knowledge, and recognition of masked feelings. Regarding the treatment effect for detecting masked feelings, we found that boys benefited significantly more than girls. These findings underscore the assumption that children’s literature is an appropriate vehicle to support the development of emotional competence in middle childhood. PMID:25566129

Kumschick, Irina R.; Beck, Luna; Eid, Michael; Witte, Georg; Klann-Delius, Gisela; Heuser, Isabella; Steinlein, Rüdiger; Menninghaus, Winfried

2014-01-01

467

Implementing a competency-based electronic portfolio in a graduate nursing program.  

PubMed

Use of electronic portfolios (e-portfolios) has been advocated to demonstrate nursing student accomplishments as well as to document program and course outcomes. This use of e-portfolios incorporates information technology, thus aligning the educational process in professional degree programs to 21st-century teaching and learning scholarship. Here we describe a project to explore the feasibility of transitioning from documenting student competencies in hard-copy binders to e-portfolios. To make this transition in an efficient manner in our graduate nursing program, we used the Plan, Do, Study, Act quality-improvement model. An interdisciplinary team of nursing faculty and educational computing consultants developed a professional e-portfolio template and implemented a pilot program for 10 students enrolled in our nurse educator specialty. This program was executed by assessing university resources, evaluating the technological competence of both students and faculty, and through the interdisciplinary team members' commitment to provide ongoing support for the program. PMID:22411410

Wassef, Maureen E; Riza, Lyn; Maciag, Tony; Worden, Christine; Delaney, Andrea

2012-05-01

468

Modeling and using a web-based and tutored portfolio to support certification of professional competence in transfusion medicine  

PubMed Central

In order to manage a nationwide assessment program leading to certification of professional competence in blood transfusion throughout France, the National Institute of Blood Transfusion (INTS) and the University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis designed and developed a structured and tutored web-based portfolio. The entire process of certification has been approved by the national healthcare agency (HAS). Eleven assessment programs have been written. The structure of this e-portfolio is based on a matrix of actions defined according to standards of practice. For each action, elements of proof are uploaded by the physician and peer-reviewed by an expert (a tutor) before validation. The electronic portfolio stores all the history of the actions performed by users. This tracking feature generates alerts which are e-mailed to users (physicians and tutors) according to a list of monitored events. After one year of design and development, the application is now being used routinely. PMID:18999167

Staccini, Pascal; Rouger, Philippe

2008-01-01

469

Cultural competence: a constructivist definition.  

PubMed

In nursing education, most of the current teaching practices perpetuate an essentialist perspective of culture and make it imperative to refresh the concept of cultural competence in nursing. The purpose of this article is to propose a constructivist definition of cultural competence that stems from the conclusions of an extensive critical review of the literature on the concepts of culture, cultural competence, and cultural safety among nurses and other health professionals. The proposed constructivist definition is situated in the unitary-transformative paradigm in nursing as defined by Newman and colleagues. It makes the connection between the field of competency-based education and the nursing discipline. Cultural competence in a constructivist paradigm that is oriented toward critical, reflective practice can help us develop knowledge about the role of nurses in reducing health inequalities and lead to a comprehensive ethical reflection about the social mandate of health care professionals. PMID:25037305

Garneau, Amélie Blanchet; Pepin, Jacinthe

2015-01-01

470

Framework for development of physician competencies in genomic medicine: report of the Competencies Working Group of the Inter-Society Coordinating Committee for Physician Education in Genomics.  

PubMed

Completion of the Human Genome Project, in conjunction with dramatic reductions in the cost of DNA sequencing and advances in translational research, is gradually ushering genomic discoveries and technologies into the practice of medicine. The rapid pace of these advances is opening up a gap between the knowledge available about the clinical relevance of genomic information and the ability of clinicians to include such information in their medical practices. This educational gap threatens to be rate limiting to the clinical adoption of genomics in medicine. Solutions will require not only a better understanding of the clinical implications of genetic discoveries but also training in genomics at all levels of professional development, including for individuals in formal training and others who long ago completed such training. The National Human Genome Research Institute has convened the Inter-Society Coordinating Committee for Physician Education in Genomics (ISCC) to develop and share best practices in the use of genomics in medicine. The ISCC has developed a framework for development of genomics practice competencies that may serve as a starting point for formulation of competencies for physicians in various medical disciplines. PMID:24763287

Korf, Bruce R; Berry, Anna B; Limson, Melvin; Marian, Ali J; Murray, Michael F; O'Rourke, P Pearl; Passamani, Eugene R; Relling, Mary V; Tooker, John; Tsongalis, Gregory J; Rodriguez, Laura L

2014-11-01

471

A fuzzy agent-based approach to trust-based competency management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an era in which organizations increasingly con- sider the competencies of their employees as a crucial resource, human management becomes a key activity for improving staff and business performances. Important is also knowing who knows what inside the organization, so that project teams are assembled as the right mix of skill, knowledge and workforce abilities. At the same time,

Matteo Gaeta; Francesco Orciuoli; Vincenzo Loia; Sabrina Senatore

2011-01-01

472

Training of patient and consumer representatives in the basic competencies of evidence-based medicine: a feasibility study  

PubMed Central

Background Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has become standard approach in medicine. Patients and health authorities increasingly claim active patient roles in decision making. Education to cope with these roles might be useful. We investigated the feasibility, acceptability and possible impact of EBM training courses for patient and consumer representatives. Methods We designed a generic one-week EBM course based on previous experience with EBM courses for non-medical health professionals. A course specific competence test has been developed and validated to measure EBM skills. Formative and summative evaluation of the course comprised: 1) EBM skills; 2) individual learning goals; 3) self-reported implementation after six months using semi-structured interviews; 4) group-based feedback by content analysis. EBM skills' achievement was compared to results gathered by a group of undergraduate University students of Health Sciences and Education who had attended a comparable EBM seminar. Results Fourteen EBM courses were conducted including 161 participants without previous EBM training (n = 54 self-help group representatives, n = 64 professional counsellors, n = 36 patient advocates, n = 7 others); 71% had a higher education degree; all but five finished the course. Most participants stated personal learning goals explicitly related to practicing EBM such as acquisition of critical appraisal skills (n = 130) or research competencies (n = 67). They rated the respective relevance of the course on average with 80% (SD 4) on a visual analogue scale ranging from 0 to 100%. Participants passed the competence test with a mean score of 14.7 (SD 3.0, n = 123) out of 19.5 points. The comparison group of students achieved a mean score of 14.4 (SD 3.3, n = 43). Group-based feedback revealed increases of self confidence, empowerment through EBM methodology and statistical literacy, and acquisition of new concepts of patient information and counselling. Implementation of EBM skills was reported by 84 of the 129 (65%) participants available for follow-up interviews. Barriers included lack of further support, limited possibilities to exchange experiences, and feeling discouraged by negative reactions of health professionals. Conclusions Training in basic EBM competencies for selected patient and consumer representatives is feasible and accepted and may affect counselling and advocacy activities. Implementation of EBM skills needs support beyond the training course. PMID:20149247

2010-01-01

473

[Competency-based training and work world: from grading to employability].  

PubMed

Considered as an element of business discourse, the competence-based education emerges associated with processes of productive restructuring influencing the economy since 1970. These processes arise as a consequence of the crisis of the accumulation model based on mass production and consumption following the principles of taylorism and fordism. In the last decades, the State has been unable to solve the periodic crisis that afflicts late capitalism. Because of this, the State moves away from its economic mission, promotes marketing mechanisms and, in the meantime, it tries to manage the motivational crisis of the population. This challenge forces the State to take interest in the vital world of individuals trying to solve the legitimacy crisis through educational reforms that affect the world of work. The relationship between the vertiginous changes of working world and a new educational formation is explicit. This educational formation must consider (at the same time) the management capacity, learning capacity, teamwork capacity and self-training. Based on this situation, there is a direct relationship between technologic advances, the structural crisis of capitalism and work organization. Besides, the "qualification" term is replaced with "competency-based education". PMID:23258750

Estrada, John H M

2012-06-01

474

Developing entry-to-practice nursing informatics competencies for registered nurses.  

PubMed

Information and communication technologies (ICT) have brought about significant changes to the processes of health care delivery and changed how nurses perform in clinical, administrative, academic, and research settings. Because the potential benefits of ICT are significant, it is critical that new nurses have the knowledge and skills in informatics to provide safe and effective care. Despite the prevalence of technology in our day to day lives, and the potential significant benefits to patients, new nurses may not be prepared to work in this evolving reality. An important step in addressing this need for ICT preparation is to ensure that new graduates are entering the work force ready for technology-enabled care environments. In this paper, we describe the process and outcomes of developing informatics entry-to-practice competencies for adoption by Canadian Schools of Nursing. PMID:24943567

Nagle, Lynn M; Crosby, Kristine; Frisch, Noreen; Borycki, Elizabeth; Donelle, Lorie; Hannah, Kathryn; Harris, Alexandra; Jetté, Sylvie; Shaben, Tracy

2014-01-01

475

Variation in rates of early development in Haliotis asinina generate competent larvae of different ages  

PubMed Central

Introduction Inter-specific comparisons of metazoan developmental mechanisms have provided a wealth of data concerning the evolution of body form and the generation of morphological novelty. Conversely, studies of intra-specific variation in developmental programs are far fewer. Variation in the rate of development may be an advantage to the many marine invertebrates that posses a biphasic life cycle, where fitness commonly requires the recruitment of planktonically dispersing larvae to patchily distributed benthic environments. Results We have characterised differences in the rate of development between individuals originating from a synchronised fertilisation event in the tropical abalone Haliotis asinina, a broadcast spawning lecithotrophic vetigastropod. We observed significant differences in the time taken to complete early developmental events (time taken to complete third cleavage and to hatch from the vitelline envelope), mid-larval events (variation in larval shell development) and late larval events (the acquisition of competence to respond to a metamorphosis inducing cue). We also provide estimates of the variation in maternally provided energy reserves that suggest maternal provisioning is unlikely to explain the majority of the variation in developmental rate we report here. Conclusions Significant differences in the rates of development exist both within and between cohorts of synchronously fertilised H. asinina gametes. These differences can be detected shortly after fertilisation and generate larvae of increasingly divergent development states. We discuss the significance of our results within an ecological context, the adaptive significance of mechanisms that might maintain this variation, and potential sources of this variation. PMID:22339806

2012-01-01

476

Stories of Personal Agency: Undergraduate Students' Perceptions of Developing Intercultural Competence during a Semester Abroad in Chile  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Knowledge of how students perceive their development of intercultural competence (IC), one of several study abroad learning outcomes, is important for better understanding how learning occurs in study abroad contexts. The purpose of this article is to explore undergraduate students' perceptions of developing IC during a semester abroad.…

Covert, Hannah H.

2014-01-01

477

The Influences of Student Engagement, Institutional Mission, and Cooperative Learning Climate on the Generic Competency Development of Korean Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using multilevel models, this study examined whether the strength of the association between student engagement and development of generic student competencies (GSCs) varies across Korean colleges. Data from the Korean Educational Development Institute's 2007 national sample and from 5,445 students representing 60 four-year colleges and…

Choi, Bo Keum; Rhee, Byung Shik

2014-01-01

478

Achieving army nursing evidence-based practice competencies through a civilian-military nurse partnership.  

PubMed

Despite the Institute of Medicine's goal of 90% of all practice being evidence-based by 2020, educational and practice institutions are not on target to achieve this goal. Evidence-based practice is one of 5 core elements of the Army Nurse Corps' patient care delivery system and a key focus of the Hawaii State Center for Nursing. In order to increase evidence-based practice (EBP), a civilian-military partnership was formed to include healthcare organizations in the state, optimize resources, and share strategies for successful practice changes statewide. The partnership has been successful in meeting each of these goals using national EBP competencies and Bloom's taxonomy as a guide. The article presents a discussion regarding the history, processes, and outcomes of this partnership. PMID:24488872

Siaki, Leilani A; Lentino, Cynthia V; Mark, Debra D; Hopkins-Chadwick, Denise L

2014-01-01

479

Building a Competency-Based Curriculum: The Agony and the Ecstasy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physician competencies have increasingly been a focus of medical education at all levels. Although competencies are not a new concept, when the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) jointly agreed on six competencies for certification and maintenance of certification of…

Albanese, Mark A.; Mejicano, George; Anderson, W. Marshall; Gruppen, Larry

2010-01-01

480

Developing Generic Competences in Online Virtual Education Programmes at the University of Deusto  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The current paper focuses on the increasing demand for generic competences both from governments and industries. Despite this fact, there is insufficient awareness and information in education systems on how to equip graduates with appropriate generic competences for the world of work and citizenship. This is even more complicated in…

Gvaramadze, Irakli

2012-01-01

481

Developing Intercultural Competence in Practice. Languages for Intercultural Communication and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers shows how intercultural competence can be realized in the classroom. The 17 chapters include the following: (1) "The International Partnership Project" (Carol Morgan); (2) "Teaching Intercultural Communicative Competence through Literature" (Eva Burwitz-Melzer); (3) "'Up the Hills of Identity'" (Elena Tarasheva and Leah…

Byram, Michael, Ed.; Nichols, Adam, Ed.; Stevens, David, Ed.

482

Family Resources and Development of Social Competence in Disadvantaged Children in India.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored relationship between family resources and social competence of 300 adolescents. Found that parental education, occupation, and family income were related to positive peer and teacher-related social competence among advantaged adolescents. Negative responses and outside family support were positively related to disadvantaged adolescents'…

Muni, Anita Kumari; Rath, Arundhati; Choudhury, Aparajita

1997-01-01

483

Workforce competencies in behavioral health: an overview.  

PubMed

Competency-based training approaches are being used more in healthcare to guide curriculum content and ensure accountability and outcomes in the educational process. This article provides an overview of the state of competency development in the field of behavioral health. Specifically, it identifies the groups and organizations that have conducted and supported this work, summarizes their progress in defining and assessing competencies, and discusses both the obstacles and future directions for such initiatives. A major purpose of this article is to provide a compendium of current competency efforts so that these might inform and enhance ongoing competency development in the varied behavioral health disciplines and specialties. These varied resources may also be useful in identifying the core competencies that are common to the multiple disciplines and specialties. PMID:16082798

Hoge, Michael A; Paris, Manuel; Adger, Hoover; Collins, Frank L; Finn, Cherry V; Fricks, Larry; Gill, Kenneth J; Haber, Judith; Hansen, Marsali; Ida, D J; Kaplan, Linda; Northey, William F; O'Connell, Maria J; Rosen, Anita L; Taintor, Zebulon; Tondora, Janis; Young, Alexander S

2005-01-01

484

A Competency Certificate Model for Microcomputers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trident Technical College developed a process using microcomputers to produce certificates for competency-based curricula. At the beginning of the process, criteria were set for the program. A software program was needed that used available computers, was easy to use, and produced a competency statement that was easy to read and interpret. A…

Tinius, Jack

485

Creating and standardizing annual chemotherapy competencies throughout a healthcare system.  

PubMed

Changes in chemotherapy delivery from inpatient to outpatient settings and transition from intravenous to oral administration threaten the competency level of chemotherapy nurses. To standardize care and demonstrate competency across five hospital campuses and four outpatient infusion centers, one health system developed a hands-on competency evaluation for chemotherapy nurses based on a scenario approach. Results included improved confidence, competence, identification of variation, and standardization of equipment, process, and policy. PMID:25608095

Carreon, Nancy; Sugarman, Cathleen; Beener, Elizabeth; Agan, Donna

2015-01-01

486

ICT competence in geography: a targeted course based on an Internet-based study tool with quantified effects on improvement of the students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The information and communication technology (ICT) is a tool of development for acting or prospective teachers. In geography, however, this competence often needs directed improvement, especially for the students less information and motivation for using the full potential of this tool. In the MA program for prospective teachers of geography there is a course held by one of the authors (PTI) to introduce the students into all possibilities of ICT. The course is focused at and widely illustrated by the GEOGRAPHY nEtQUIPMENT, which is a homepage, first published in Hungarian still in 2006 (http://netszkozkeszlet.ektf.hu), to help in orientation among the rapidly growing information on the Internet. The main objective of the GEOGRAPHY nEtQUIPMENT is to convey structured information to teachers and pupils, as well as, professors and students of geography. It can be used free after registration. The homepage counts ca. three thousand registered users. The English version is available from the same entry. The set of appliances is based on Dreamweaver MX program. Development of the students' ICT-competence was measured in 2008 during the course. Before the course 38 students answered 110 questions and, after the course, the same questions were answered by 29 students. The questions were related to their attitude to ICT, technical abilities in using a PC and projections on application in a school environment. In 31 cases the answers fell into one category not allowing the chi2 test. From the 79 remained questions, there where not any which were reflected significant step-back in the ICT-competence. At the same time, significant improvement of the competence appeared in 29, 41 and 48 % of the questions at the 1, 5 and 10 % level. The course and the homepage also improved their ability to (i) memorise and reconstruct the pieces of knowledge, (ii) reconstruct the patterns in space from their 2D-images, (iii) explain the images and documents in their own words, and (iv) co-operate with each-other for working. These results indicate that the course really helps our students in obtaining strong info-communication competence to follow the developments of science, related events of mankind and practical applications of geography.

Pajtók-Tari, Ilona; Mika, János

2010-05-01

487

Adult Competency Education Kit. Basic Skills in Speaking, Math, and Reading for Employment. Part R. ACE Competency Based Job Descriptions: #95--Bus Driver; #98--General Loader; #99--Forklift Operator; #100--Material Handler.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fifteenth of fifteen sets of Adult Competency Education (ACE) Competency Based Job Descriptions in the ACE kit contains job descriptions for Bus Driver, General Loader, Forklift Operator, and Material Handler. Each begins with a fact sheet that includes this information: occupational title, D.O.T. code, ACE number, career ladder, D.O.T.…

San Mateo County Office of Education, Redwood City, CA. Career Preparation Centers.

488

Maternal and Child Health Leadership Competencies  

E-print Network

Maternal and Child Health Leadership Competencies V E R S I O N 3 . 0 MCH Leadership Competencies? .................................................................................................. 2 Use of the MCH Leadership Competencies ................................................................... 2 Rationale for Development of MCH Leadership Competencies

Thomas, Andrew

489

Diffusing QSEN competencies across schools of nursing: the AACN/RWJF Faculty Development Institutes.  

PubMed

A series of regional Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) Faculty Development Institutes were held in 2010 and 2011 to provide nursing faculty with strategies to integrate quality and safety content into their curricula. The interactive coursework focused on the 6 core QSEN competencies. Using a train-the-trainer approach, the QSEN Faculty Development Institute Directors enabled nursing faculty attendees to (a) lead their institution's faculty to incorporate quality and safety content into the curriculum for students; (b) teach and mentor students to deliver high quality and safe patient care; and (c) train other faculty to accomplish these goals. Over 1,100 nursing faculty from across the United States attended the institutes. All types of prelicensure programs were represented including diploma, associate, and baccalaureate degree. In a preinstitute survey, faculty identified multiple opportunities to improve the integration of quality and safety content into curricula including the need for specific content on quality improvement, teamwork and collaboration, and informatics and the need for interprofessional experiences and electronic health record access. Postinstitute evaluations indicated that participants found the content clear, specific, usable, and presented in a format that facilitated thought, reflection, and application. The regional institutes served as a very effective strategy for engaging large numbers of faculty across the country in the QSEN work and for disseminating vital tactics to improve the teaching of quality and safety content. PMID:23566451

Barnsteiner, Jane; Disch, Joanne; Johnson, Jean; McGuinn, Kathy; Chappell, Kathy; Swartwout, Ellen

2013-01-01

490

Developing Mobile Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an instructional design class's experience developing instruction for the mobile web. The class was taught at a southeastern university in the United States in a master's level computer based instruction course. Two example projects are showcased and student reflections on design issues are highlighted. Additionally,…

Martin, Florence; Pastore, Raymond; Snider, Jean

2012-01-01

491

Online Romance Languages Cross-Comprehension in the Development of Educational Competence: A Study of Future Teachers' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents perceptions of Portuguese teacher education students concerning their participation in the Galanet project's plurilingual online communication (with Romance languages) and, particularly, the contribution of this participation in the development of their educational competence in relation to personal, intercultural and…

Araujo e Sa, Maria Helena; Melo, Silvia

2007-01-01

492

Adolescent Development of Global Competencies through a Short-Term International Study-Travel Experience to China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The capacity of adolescents to develop global competencies was examined by collecting and analyzing data from 62 student-travelers before, during, and after a short-term study-travel experience to China. The Global Perspectives Inventory was used to compare the student-travelers' perspectives before and after travel with a comparison group of…

Gould, Rachel Zucker

2012-01-01

493

Survey of Middle School Teacher Desire for Staff Development Focused on Competencies to Teach Gifted and Talented Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was two-fold. First, to determine the level of teacher desire for professional development in competencies needed to teach gifted learners, and second, to identify differences in the level of teacher desirability as it related to a number of independent measures (gender, life stage, teacher concerns, primary teaching…

O'Neil, Deborah O.

2011-01-01

494

Social-Emotional Learning Skill, Self-Regulation, and Social Competence in Typically Developing and Clinic-Referred Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social-emotional learning (SEL) skill includes the ability to encode, interpret, and reason about social and emotional information. In two related studies, we examined the relationship between children's SEL skill, their ability to regulate their own behavior, and the competence of their social interactions. Study 1 included 158 typically developing children ages 4 to 14 years. Study 2 included 126 clinic-referred

Clark McKown; Laura M. Gumbiner; Nicole M. Russo; Meryl Lipton

2009-01-01

495

Developing team competence as part of a person centered learning course on communication and soft skills in project management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the capability to work in teams, both national and international, has become a key requirement on computer science graduates, we have been exploring ways in which to support students in enhancing this capability during their studies. In this paper we share our approach, 'philosophy', and learning from the preceding years regarding the development of team competence as part of

Renate Motschnig-Pitrik; Kathrin Figl

2007-01-01

496

Nascent Entrepreneurship and the Developing Individual: Early Entrepreneurial Competence in Adolescence and Venture Creation Success during the Career  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What predicts a person's venture creation success over the course of the career, such as making progress in the venture creation process and multiple successful venture creations? Applying a life span approach of human development, this study examined the effect of early entrepreneurial competence in adolescence, which was gathered retrospectively…

Obschonka, Martin; Silbereisen, Rainer K.; Schmitt-Rodermund, Eva; Stuetzer, Michael

2011-01-01

497

Development of Interactional Competence in L2 Japanese during Study Abroad: The Use of Modal Expressions in Recipient Actions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation investigates the processes in which second language (L2) speakers of Japanese develop their interactional competence in using modal expressions (e.g., "ne" [I share your view], "kamo" [maybe]) as recipients during study abroad. Although previous research has found that beginning learners of Japanese use the acknowledging receipt…

Ishida, Midori

2010-01-01

498

Geography, Economic Education and Global Education: European and Austrian Aspects of the "Fifobi--Developing Business Competencies in School" Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The EU-funded research project "Fifobi--Fit for Business--developing business competencies in school" (2009-2012) focused on the implementation of economic education in seven European countries. The purpose of the project and this paper is to investigate the current programmes that exist within the final two years of compulsory education…

Schwarz, Ingrid

2012-01-01

499

Developing Intercultural Competence in Future Student Affairs Professionals through a Graduate Student Global Study Course to Doha, Qatar  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a 2-week global study course to Doha, Qatar for graduate students in the higher education leadership and student affairs program at the University of San Diego. The course sought to develop intercultural competence with a specific focus on understanding Qatari and Middle Eastern perspectives and culture, understanding the…

Haber, Paige; Getz, Cheryl

2011-01-01

500

‘The Lived Experience of Climate Change´: An Interdisciplinary and Competence-Based Masters Track Using Open Educational Resources and Virtual Mobility  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Drawing on the authors’ involvement in a European Union Erasmus project, this paper explores a new holistic approach to climate\\u000a change education which uses as a source of active\\/social learning and knowledge construction the diversity of different disciplinary\\u000a and sectoral approaches. We further argue for a corresponding pedagogy based on developing transboundary competences where\\u000a the communicative engagement across space and

Dina Abbott; Joop De Kraker; Paquita Pérez; Catharien Terwisscha van Scheltinga; Patrick Willems; Gordon Wilson

2010-01-01