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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The paper summarizes a literature review on how competency models can improve HR performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized health-care and medical device company, where the model is being…

Gangani, Noordeen T.; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2004-01-01

2

Development of Competency-Based Assessment Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Construct validity has been an issue in assessment centers literature. This study developed a model for competency-based assessment centers by integrating competency modeling, training design, assessment centers, and multi-source feedback assessment. Several propositions in conjunction with the model were also developed to help resolve construct…

Chen, Hsin-Chih; Naquin, Sharon S.

2005-01-01

3

Competence Based Educational Metadata for Supporting Lifelong Competence Development Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of the emerging paradigm of Lifelong Learning, competence-based learning is gradually attracting the attention of the Technology-Enhanced Learning community, since it appears to meet the training expectations of both individuals and organisations. On the other hand, the paradigm of Learning Objects retains, to a large extent, its initial anticipations and, supported by Educational Metadata, it is still

Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2008-01-01

4

A Competency-Based Human Resource Development Strategy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores some of the major issues in developing and implementing a competency-based human resource development strategy. The article summarizes a brief literature review on how competency models can be developed and implemented to improve employee performance. A case study is presented of American Medical Systems (AMS), a mid-sized…

Gangani, Noordeen; McLean, Gary N.; Braden, Richard A.

2006-01-01

5

Defining and Assessing Competencies for Competency-Based, Outcome-Focused Management Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that competency-based management development programs should shift emphasis from theories and skills to decisions managers must make. Presents a model for defining types of management decisions regarding nontechnical issues. (Contains 16 references.) (SK)

Rausch, Erwin; Sherman, Herbert; Washbush, John B.

2002-01-01

6

A Competency-Based Model for Developing Human Resource Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a framework for the design and implementation of a competency-based curriculum for graduate management education. The article also outlines how this model has been implemented at one university in the context of a graduate degree in human resource management. Among the significant challenges discussed are the identification of competencies required for professional success; the identification of the

Glenn M. McEvoy; James C. Hayton; Alan P. Warnick; Troy V. Mumford; Steven H. Hanks; Mary Jo Blahna

2005-01-01

7

Competency Based Consumer Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is intended as a tool to help teachers develop a competency-based consumer education curriculum. It first briefly discusses the need for a competency-based approach over a K-14 continuum. The major portion of the document then consists of lists of competencies on a K-14 continuum that are nonsubject specific. They are categorized…

Douma, Elaine L.

8

A Resource Guide; "National and Regional Developments in Competency Based Teacher Education (CBTE) and Competency Based Certification (CBC)."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide on competency based teacher education (CBTE) and competency based certification (CBC) states that the degree of explicitness required in CBTE programs and CBC programs and CBC systems is greater than in traditional programs. A CBTE program must specify (a) what the learner is to do, (b) the degree or level of competency

Pitman, John C.

9

Developing a Competence-Based Teacher Education Programme in Swaziland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational educators in Swaziland identified professional competencies in focus group workshops. These competencies and additional ones identified in a literature review were refined into 11 competence areas needed by teachers of practical studies (agriculture, commercial, home economics, and technical). (SK)

Mndebele, Comfort B. S.

1997-01-01

10

Summary of Actions Taken by Selected States Involved in Developing Competency-Based Certification Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews actions taken by selected states as they move to implement competency-based teacher education and certification systems (CBTE-CBC). Following a brief discussion of the role of the state in developing CBTE-CBC, three major issues are presented: a) the type of consortium procedures used, b) the manner in which competencies are to…

Pitman, John C.

11

The Development of Professional Competencies by Educational Assistants in School-Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of developing competencies by students in a school-based initial teacher education program was analyzed for a whole currently available population of 26 in-service students preparing to become educational assistants using: (1) a Kolb-type questionnaire on learning style; (2) a storyline instrument graphically showing competence grows…

Taconis, R.; van der Plas, P.; van der Sanden, J.

2004-01-01

12

Competence in Teaching Mindfulness-Based Courses: Concepts, Development and Assessment.  

PubMed

There has been a groundswell of interest in the UK in Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and its derivatives, particularly Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). Many health, education and social work practitioners have sought ways to develop their competencies as mindfulness-based teachers, and increasing numbers of organisations are developing mindfulness-based training programmes. However, the rapid expansion of interest in mindfulness-based approaches has meant that those people offering training for MBSR and MBCT teachers have had to consider some quite fundamental questions about training processes, standards and competence. They also need to consider how to develop a robust professional context for the next generation of mindfulness-based teachers. The ways in which competencies are addressed in the secular mainstream contexts in which MBSR and MBCT are taught are examined to enable a consideration of the particularities of mindfulness-based teaching competence. A framework suggesting how competencies develop in trainees is presented. The current status of methodologies for assessing competencies used in mindfulness-based training and research programmes is reviewed. We argue that the time is ripe to continue to develop these dialogues across the international community of mindfulness-based trainers and teachers. PMID:23293683

Crane, Rebecca S; Kuyken, Willem; Williams, J Mark G; Hastings, Richard P; Cooper, Lucinda; Fennell, Melanie J V

2012-03-01

13

Developing criterion-based competencies for tele-intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Over the last 5 years, telemedicine has developed nursing roles that differ from traditional bedside care. In the midst of this transition, current competency development models focused on task completion may not be the most effective form of proficiency validation. The procedure of competency creation for the role of tele-intensive care unit registered nurse requires a thoughtful process using stakeholders from institutional leadership to frontline staff. The process must include stakeholder approval to ensure appropriate buy-in and follow-through on the agreed-upon criteria. This can be achieved using a standardized method of concept stimulation related to the behaviors, not a memorized list of tasks, expected of a telemedicine registered nurse. This process serves as the foundation for the development of criterion-based competency statements that then allows for clearer expectations. Continually reviewing the written competencies, ensuring current applicability, and revising as needed are necessities for maintaining competence and, therefore, patient safety. PMID:24704734

Schleifer, Sarah Joy; Carroll, Karen; Moseley, Marthe J

2014-01-01

14

The Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention Adherence and Competence Scale: Development, Interrater Reliability and Validity  

PubMed Central

The present study describes the development of the Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention Adherence and Competence Scale (MBRP-AC), a measure of treatment integrity for Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP). MBRP is a newly developed treatment integrating core aspects of relapse prevention with mindfulness practices. The MBRP-AC was developed in the context of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of MBRP efficacy and consists of two sections: Adherence (adherence to individual components of MBRP and discussion of key concepts), and Competence (ratings of therapist style/approach and performance). Audio recordings from 44 randomly selected group-treatment sessions (50%) were rated by independent raters for therapist adherence and competence in the RCT. Findings evinced high interrater reliability for all treatment adherence and competence ratings, and adequate internal consistency for Global Therapist Style/Approach and Global Therapist Competence summary scales. Ratings on the MBRP-AC showed that therapists in the recent RCT adhered to protocol, discussed key concepts in each session, and demonstrated the intended style and competence in treatment delivery. Finally, components of the Competence section were positively related to measures of therapeutic alliance, and overall ratings on the Adherence section were positively related to measures of change in mindfulness over the course of the treatment.

Chawla, Neharika; Collins, Susan; Bowen, Sarah; Hsu, Sharon; Grow, Joel; Douglas, Anne; Marlatt, G. Alan

2012-01-01

15

One specialty's collaborative approach to competency-based curriculum development.  

PubMed

The authors describe a seven-step consensus development process used to create the two most recent editions of the Academic Pediatric Association's (APA's) educational guidelines for pediatric residency. The 1996 (printed) and 2004 (online) editions of the guidelines were designed as flexible tools to help residency programs meet changing accreditation requirements by providing lists of goals and objectives and objective-based evaluation tools. The guidelines were developed in seven steps: (1) centralized national leadership combined with coordinated, disseminated authorship, (2) clear definition of targeted users and repeated assessment of their needs, (3) incorporation of up-to-date information from the literature and national experts, (4) responsive consultation with the national Pediatric Residency Review Committee on the latest accreditation requirements, (5) wide distribution for prepublication review, to obtain broad organizational buy-in and end-user acceptance, (6) intensive dissemination and faculty development through multiple national workshops over several years, and (7) careful evaluation of utilization and user feedback. Representatives of all major organizations involved in pediatric education helped to refine the guidelines. User surveys conducted for the 1996 edition, and Web site user data collected for the 2004 edition, demonstrate that both editions have been used by most residency programs throughout the country. The authors believe that the multifaceted approach to consensus development and the customizable design of the curricular tools in the APA's guidelines are directly associated with their broad national use. These methods may help to guide educators in other disciplines who are interested in developing and implementing educational products for national dissemination and use. PMID:19707069

Kittredge, Diane; Baldwin, Constance D; Bar-on, Miriam; Trimm, R Franklin; Beach, Patricia S

2009-09-01

16

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

17

Developing a competency-based educational structure within clinical and translational science.  

PubMed

In the emerging field of clinical and translational science (CTS), where researchers use both basic and clinical science research methodologies to move discoveries to clinical practice, establishing standards of competence is essential for preparing physician-scientists for the profession and for defining the field. The diversity of skills needed to execute quality research within the field of CTS has heightened the importance of an educational process that requires learners to demonstrate competence. Particularly within the more applied clinical science disciplines where there is a multi- or interdisciplinary approach to conducting research, defining and articulating the unique role and associated competencies of a physician-scientist is necessary. This paper describes a systematic process for developing a competency-based educational framework within a CTS graduate program at one institution. PMID:23601338

Dilmore, Terri Collin; Moore, Debra W; Bjork, Zuleikha

2013-04-01

18

The mindfulness-based relapse prevention adherence and competence scale: development, interrater reliability, and validity.  

PubMed

The present study describes the development of the Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention Adherence and Competence Scale (MBRP-AC), a measure of treatment integrity for mindfulness-based relapse prevention (MBRP). MBRP is a newly developed treatment integrating core aspects of relapse prevention with mindfulness practices. The MBRP-AC was developed in the context of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of MBRP efficacy and consists of two sections: Adherence (adherence to individual components of MBRP and discussion of key concepts) and Competence (ratings of therapist style/approach and performance). Audio recordings from 44 randomly selected group treatment sessions (50%) were rated by independent raters for therapist adherence and competence in the RCT. Findings evinced high interrater reliability for all treatment adherence and competence ratings, and adequate internal consistency for Therapist Style/Approach and Therapist Performance summary scales. Ratings on the MBRP-AC suggested that therapists in the recent RCT adhered to protocol, discussed key concepts in each session, and demonstrated the intended style and competence in treatment delivery. Finally, overall ratings on the Adherence section were positively related to changes in mindfulness over the course of the treatment. PMID:20204916

Chawla, Neharika; Collin, Susan; Bowen, Sarah; Hsu, Sharon; Grow, Joel; Douglass, Anne; Marlatt, G Alan

2010-07-01

19

A Mixed Project-Based Learning Framework: Preparing and Developing Student Competencies in a French "Grande Ecole"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging engineers need to rely on a whole body of scientific and technical knowledge, but also on a wide set of competencies. For engineering schools a competency objectives approach requires specific pedagogical methods. Some competencies based on skills and attitudes are difficult to develop through traditional teaching, so in 2003 our…

Rouvrais, S.; Ormrod, J.; Landrac, G.; Mallet, J.; Gilliot, J. -M.; Thepaut, A.; Tremenbert, P.

2006-01-01

20

Development of Instructional Resource Guides for Competency-Based Education in Selected Industrial Arts Areas. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted in Virginia to develop a coordinated, articulated, competency-based curriculum for selected industrial arts areas from an identified common core of competencies. The competencies would include a set of performance objectives, a set of criterion-referenced measures, and a set of instructional resource guides in the…

Thomas Nelson Community Coll., Hampton, VA.

21

Development of Student Knowledge in Competence-Based Pre-Vocational Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the development of student knowledge in pre-vocational secondary education schools which differ in the manner and extent to which they have implemented characteristics of competence-based education. The implementation of these characteristics was examined using a teacher questionnaire and the…

Koopman, Maaike; Teune, Peter; Beijaard, Douwe

2011-01-01

22

Identification and Development of Competency-Based Curriculum for Water and Wastewater Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken at Kirkwood Community College to develop a full-time and part-time competency based program to educate water and wastewater treatment plant operators. First, a survey was conducted to identify the job tasks performed by the operators, their frequency, importance, and necessity. A questionnaire listing 651 tasks divided…

Kirkwood Community Coll., Cedar Rapids, IA.

23

Career Development Potential and Validity of a Competency Based Credential for Child Care Staff. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A credential called the Child Development Associate (CDA) was the focus of this study. Based on the competence of child care staff, it offers two benefits: it may be fair and accurate without resorting to impractical requirements of education and experience, and its recognition may benefit workers' careers. Credentialed and noncredentialed groups…

Pettygrove, Willa Bowman

24

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this report was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in conjunction with area vocational-technical schools, the second year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. During the project, a task force of teachers from the area schools and the college…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

25

How to Develop PACs. Performance and Competency-based Student Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is designed for developing performance and competency-based student materials (PACs). The PAC, an instructional tool that focuses on helping students master a specific objective, lends itself to vocational instruction. The first nine sections of the guide, consisting of information to assist teachers in gathering background materials…

Rouse, Bill, Comp.

26

Developing Competency Based Teacher Education Resource Modules in Individualizing Instruction and Treatment of Special Reading Difficulties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were (1) to develop and evaluate resource modules in the areas of treating reading difficulties and individualizing instruction to be used in a competency based teacher education program in reading and (2) to determine whether an instructional portion of the reading difficulties module could effectively be implemented in…

Stieglitz, Ezra Louis

27

The Management Development Program: A Competency-Based Model for Preparing Hospitality Leaders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The master of management program at Cornell University focused on competency-based development of skills for the hospitality industry through core courses, minicourses, skill benchmarking, and continuous improvement. Benefits include a shift in the teacher role to advocate/coach, increased information sharing, student satisfaction, and clear…

Brownell, Judi; Chung, Beth G.

2001-01-01

28

Competency Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This innovative, individualized program at Madonna College is based on a systems approach to learning. The primary objective of this program is providing the students with specific competency goals and helping them to acquire these goals. The most important component of the program is a selected list of critical competencies based upon a model of…

Madonna Coll., Livonia, MI.

29

A Competency Based Certification System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Carroll County Competency Based Teacher Certification (CBTC) Project is a cooperative effort of the Carroll County School System and the School of Education, West Georgia College, intended to develop a plan for identifying and measuring teacher competency areas and related teacher behaviors, and the extent to which these teacher behaviors…

Coker, Homer; Coker, Joan G.

30

The Effects of Competency Based Career Development and Performance Management Practices on Service Quality: Some Evidence From Malaysian Public Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a study of the effects of the implementation of two competency based human resource practices (career development and performance management) on service quality in 300 Malaysian public organizations. Results provide clear evidence of significant and positive relationship between competency based career development practice and all service quality dimensions found in Malaysian public organizations. However, there is

Ilhaamie Abdul Ghani Azmi; Zainal Ariffin Ahmad

31

PaCBTE Handbook; A Resource for Developing Competency Based Teacher Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook reports on some experiences with competency-based teacher education (CBTE) and is designed to serve as an instrument for self-examination and change. Chapter 1 presents 22 generic teaching competencies, which are a result of a reexamination of the 1973 Interim Inventory of 66 Generic Teaching Competencies (Generic 66). Chapter 2…

Craig, Sam B., Jr., Ed.

32

Psychotherapy competencies: development and implementation.  

PubMed

New requirements by the Psychiatry Residency Review Committee of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education maintain that residents must be competent in five specified psychotherapies. This shift toward evidence-based education and assessment highlights psychotherapy as an integral part of a psychiatrist's training and identity, while introducing accountability of training programs, faculty, and individual residents. Training directors must now find the resources in faculty, patients, and residency teaching time to teach, supervise and assess residents so they graduate with competency. The American Association of Directors of Residency Training (AADPRT) appointed a Task Force on Competency to assist training directors with the new requirements. The Task Force, through the establishment of five workgroups, has written sample competencies for each required psychotherapy: brief, cognitive behavioral, psychodynamic, supportive and combined psychotherapy and psychopharmacology. In this article, the authors describe the historical context of the new requirements, and the goals, process and issues that arose in the development of the sample competencies. PMID:12969837

Mellman, Lisa A; Beresin, Eugene

2003-01-01

33

Measuring competencies: development of the administrator competency survey.  

PubMed

Competency assessments is critical for nurse managers who must move between and among health care settings. This article reports development of a survey tool to measure administrative competencies to facilitate career movement based on competencies versus traditional structure of education and experience. The study was designed to determine specific competencies that were deductively derived and considered essential for successful leadership in the year 2000. These included eight domains: quality improvement, shared visions, global approach, serving community, mastering change, team learning, managing customer relationships, and managing a diverse workforce. The tool was used to measure nurse administrator competency in a select group. Results identified expertise and targeted priorities for training and improvement. PMID:8716573

Ridenour, J E

1996-06-01

34

Development and validation of the ACE tool: assessing medical trainees' competency in evidence based medicine  

PubMed Central

Background While a variety of instruments have been developed to assess knowledge and skills in evidence based medicine (EBM), few assess all aspects of EBM - including knowledge, skills attitudes and behaviour - or have been psychometrically evaluated. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an instrument that evaluates medical trainees’ competency in EBM across knowledge, skills and attitude. Methods The ‘Assessing Competency in EBM’ (ACE) tool was developed by the authors, with content and face validity assessed by expert opinion. A cross-sectional sample of 342 medical trainees representing ‘novice’, ‘intermediate’ and ‘advanced’ EBM trainees were recruited to complete the ACE tool. Construct validity, item difficulty, internal reliability and item discrimination were analysed. Results We recruited 98 EBM-novice, 108 EBM-intermediate and 136 EBM-advanced participants. A statistically significant difference in the total ACE score was observed and corresponded to the level of training: on a 0-15-point test, the mean ACE scores were 8.6 for EBM-novice; 9.5 for EBM-intermediate; and 10.4 for EBM-advanced (p?competency in EBM. The ACE tool provides a novel assessment that measures user performance across the four main steps of EBM. To provide a complete suite of instruments to assess EBM competency across various patient scenarios, future refinement of the ACE instrument should include further scenarios across harm, diagnosis and prognosis.

2014-01-01

35

Development of Competency-Based Articulated Automotive Program. Big Bend Community College and Area High Schools. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based automotive mechanics curriculum was developed at Big Bend Community College (Washington) in order to provide the basis for an advanced placement procedure for high school graduates and experienced adults through a competency assessment. In order to create the curriculum, Big Bend Community College automotive mechanics…

Buche, Fred; Cox, Charles

36

The Development of a Competency Based Teacher Education Curriculum Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study had three objectives: (1) design a competency based teacher education curriculum model for vocational-technical education (agriculture, home economics, and vocational-industrial); (2) validate the competencies by field testing them with regular vocational teachers, vocational directors, and state personnel; and (3) field test the…

Wircenski, Jerry L.

37

Adult Basic and Literacy Education Staff Competencies: A Literature Review and Recommendations for Developing a Competency-Based Staff Development Program in Pennsylvania.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a project to improve professional development for adult basic and literacy educators in Pennsylvania, a literature review was conducted of studies of professional competencies needed by adult educators. Extensive review of previous studies showed that hundreds of competencies had been identified. Some states also had generated their own…

Reiff, Tana

38

Competency-Based Vocational Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of papers on critical issues in vocational-technical education, this paper discusses four aspects of Competency-Based Vocational Education (CBVE): What is CBVE?, Why CBVE?, V-TECS (Vocational-Technical Education Consortium of States)--A System of Curriculum Development, and Problems--Issues. Focus is on Kentucky program development

Couch, Sue; Henry, Sarah

39

Competence and Competency-based Training: What the Literature Says  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review, commissioned by the National Quality Council, provides a historical account of the development of competency-based training in Australia and summarises the issues arising from the range of reviews conducted on elements of the national training system. It also explores the variety of ways in which competence is conceived…

Guthrie, Hugh

2009-01-01

40

Competency-Based Horticulture. Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of two competency-based horticulture curriculum guides developed by an Illinois project, this Floriculture guide provides the classroom teacher with specific tasks determined by state industry personnel to be necessary for entry-level job placement. It is intended for horticulture education at the senior high school and two year college level.…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

41

Competence-Based Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution aims at informing readers about a current education and training design approach which is based on theory building and practical experience. It is about the development of comprehensive competence-based education, which is different from earlier attempts to develop competence-based education. In many education development

Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

42

A Cooperative Program for Developing a Competency-Based Elementary Teacher Preparation Module in Science Education by University and School Personnel. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a study designed to develop, evaluate, and revise competency-based materials in science methods education for elementary school teachers. Data were collected and analyzed relative to four questions: What are the outcomes of competency-based instruction in science at Central Michigan University? Do competency-based teacher education…

Oana, Robert G.; Eiszler, Charles F.

43

The development of a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for BSN graduates.  

PubMed

Under the current nursing education system in Taiwan, a fair and objective evaluation of group health teaching competency has been lacking for a long time. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for baccalaureate graduates. Action research was the main research methodology used in this study. The research consisted of two phases. In the first phase, a development committee was established. Based on routine discussions, literature reviews and realistic cases, a draft examination model with quasi-clinical situation model content and procedure was developed. Examination Facility Preparations, Simulated Scenarios and Client Recruitments, Examination Result Evaluation (evaluated by teachers) and Learning Guidelines were also prepared. This draft was reviewed twice for expert opinion, a pilot test was done and both the draft and pilot testing were reviewed again before the draft was finalized. The second phase involved refining the examination model by actually practicing the completed draft examination model in a simulated group-teaching setting in order to examine the model's reliability and validity. Fifteen people were involved in this experiment: three nursing personnel each having at least two years' clinical and teaching experience; three nursing students who did not have actual clinical experience and had not taken the course of teaching principles; three senior teachers; and six virtual patients. The responses from the nursing personnel, nursing students, teachers, and virtual patients who participated in the testing were gathered and integrated to refine the model. The model has content, expert and discriminative validity. The reliability of the model was proven by the high consistency in administration and scoring of the model by clinical examiners. This examination model is not only applicable for the proof of students' credit point exemption, but also as an alternative option for examining nursing personnel in traditional nursing education and practice. PMID:19061174

Tai, Chun-Yi; Chung, Ue-Lin

2008-12-01

44

Developing Professionally Competent Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An agricultural teacher educator states that one of the most important tasks facing agricultural educators is the determination and refinement of the competencies required of teachers. Also necessary is the determination of how these competencies are best acquired and evaluated to assure high quality standards. (JH)

Tulloch, Rodney W.

1978-01-01

45

Competency Based Education: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography is a sampling of the types of publications which have appeared recently on the subject of competency based education. Emphasis is given to current (1970-76) materials and to adult career-related competencies. Titles specifically naming some phase of competency-based education are preferred above titles that emphasize performance,…

Cox, Helen, Ed.

46

Development of Competency-Based Web Learning Material and Effect Evaluation of Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes on Learning Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2006-01-01

47

A Comprehensive Competence-Based Approach in Curriculum Development: Experiences from African and European Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To describe the methodological steps of developing an integrated reference guide for competences according to the profile of the healthcare professionals concerned. Design: Human resources in healthcare represent a complex issue, which needs conceptual and methodological frameworks and tools to help one understand reality and the limits…

Parent, F.; Baulana, R.; Kahombo, G.; Coppieters, Y.; Garant, M.; De Ketele, J.-M.

2011-01-01

48

Competency-Based Horticulture: Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program in floriculture. It contains a master resource list, a listing of floriculture resources available from various states, and 89 competency task sheets organized into nine competency areas. These…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

49

Plan for Your Professional Development. Module LT-E-3 of Category E--Professional and Staff Development. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of professional and staff development. The purpose of the module is to help administrators to analyze their professional needs and to devise and implement…

Puleo, Nancy F.; And Others

50

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN AND ASSESSMENT Development of a Competency-Based Assessment Process for Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Assessment. Faculty and student perceptions of the assessment process were generally positive. We were moderately successful in reducing grade inflation. The new process also provides the school with data that can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of our curriculum in preparing students for practice. Conclusions. Development and implementation of a competency-based assessment process require a considerable amount of work

Lilian H. Hill; Jeffrey C. Delafuente; Brigitte L. Sicat

51

The Development of a Competency Based Food Preparations Curriculum for High School Special Needs Students in New Castle County, Delaware.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based culinary arts food preparation curriculum for Delaware high school students with special needs was developed during a project that included the following activities: review of the state's existing culinary arts curriculum for regular education students; incumbent worker survey administered to 24 restaurant…

Stewart, Richard Lee

52

Developing Intercultural Communicative Competence through Online Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Byram's (1997) definition of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) and on specific types of discourse analysis proposed by Kramsch and Thorne (2002) and Ware and Kramsch (2005), this article explores how online exchanges can play a role in second language learners' development of pragmatic competence and ICC. With data obtained…

Chun, Dorothy M.

2011-01-01

53

Teaching Systems-Based Competency in Anesthesiology Residency: Development of an Education and Assessment Tool  

PubMed Central

Background The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires programs to educate and evaluate residents in 6 competencies, including systems-based practice. We designed a survey and assessment tool to address the competency as it pertains to anesthetic drug costs in an academic center. Methods Residents, certified registered nurse anesthetists, and faculty were asked to complete an anesthetic drug-cost survey without relying on reference materials. After a combination of compulsory in-class didactic sessions and web-based education, the participants were asked to design an anesthetic, give example cases, and determine costs. The initial task was repeated 1 year later. Results Our preintervention survey revealed that most practitioners knew very little about anesthetic drug costs, regardless of level of training or degree. All residents completed the mandatory online education tool, more than 80% attended the departmental grand rounds program, and 100% met the goal of designing an anesthetic for all cases within the preset price limit. A repeat of the cost estimate produced an improvement in cost estimates with reduction in variability (P < .05, Student unpaired t test), although estimates of volatile anesthetic and reversal agent costs did not achieve significance at the .05 level for any of the 3 cases. Conclusion Introducing a formalized teaching and assessment tool has improved our residents' understanding of anesthetic drug costs, and improved our ability to teach and assess the systems-based practice competency.

Soto, Roy G.; Cormican, Daniel S.; Gallagher, Christopher J.; Seidman, Peggy A.

2010-01-01

54

An Evaluation of "Foundations of Competency Based Curriculum"; A Summer In-Service CBC Staff Development Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Foundations of Competency Based Curriculum (CBC)," a one-week inservice course was offered to CBC team members from each Washington, D.C., public school during the summer of 1977. It was designed to assist instructional personnel in acquiring the necessary competencies and skills to plan, initiate, and implement competency based curriculum in…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

55

Competency-Based Teacher Education: A Scenario.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fictitious scenario embodies all the characteristics and dimensions for a fully developed competency-based teacher education program envisioned by the authors. A single program and its implications for students, faculty, and the institution are presented. Specific areas of the program covered 1) a fundamental description of the competency

Weber, Wilford A.; Cooper, James M.

56

Learning at work: competence development or competence-stress.  

PubMed

Changes in work and the ways in which it is carried out bring a need for upgrading workplace knowledge, skills and competencies. In today's workplaces, and for a number of reasons, workloads are higher than ever and stress is a growing concern (Health Risk Soc. 2(2) (2000) 173; Educat. Psychol. Meas. 61(5) (2001) 866). Increased demand for learning brings a risk that this will be an additional stress factor and thus a risk to health. Our research study is based on the control-demand-support model of Karasek and Theorell (Health Work: Stress, Productivity and the Reconstruction of Working Life, Basic Books/Harper, New York, 1990). We have used this model for our own empirical research with the aim to evaluate the model in the modern workplace. Our research enables us to expand the model in the light of current workplace conditions-especially those relating to learning. We report empirical data from a questionnaire survey of working conditions in two different branches of industry. We are able to define differences between companies in terms of working conditions and competence development. We describe and discuss the effects these conditions have on workplace competence development. Our research results show that increased workers' control of the learning process makes competence development more stimulating, is likely to simplify the work and reduces (learning-related) stress. It is therefore important that learning at work allows employees to control their learning and also allows time for the process of learning and reflection. PMID:15694067

Paulsson, Katarina; Ivergård, Toni; Hunt, Brian

2005-03-01

57

Competency-Based Curriculum, Kentucky Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In its firm commitment to competency-based vocational education, Kentucky has gone beyond its V-TECS catalogs to develop modules that will give teachers almost complete flexibility in individualized instruction. Implementation of the model is fully described. (HD)

Bruce, Herbert, Jr.; Carpenter, Bruce

1977-01-01

58

Development and evaluation of a questionnaire to measure the perceived implementation of the mission statement of a competency based curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background A mission statement (MS) sets out the long-term goals of an institution and is supposed to be suited for studying learning environments. Yet, hardly any study has tested this issue so far. The aim of the present study was the development and psychometric evaluation of an MS-Questionnaire (MSQ) focusing on explicit competencies. We investigated to what extent the MSQ captures the construct of learning environment and how well a faculty is following - in its perception - a competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. Methods A questionnaire was derived from the MS “teaching” (Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf) which was based on (inter-) nationally accepted goals and recommendations for a competency based medical education. The MSQ was administered together with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) to 1119 students and 258 teachers. Cronbach’s alpha was used to analyze the internal consistency of the items. Explorative factor analyses were performed to analyze homogeneity of the items within subscales and factorial validity of the MSQ. Item discrimination was assessed by means of part-whole corrected discrimination indices, and convergent validity was analyzed with respect to DREEM. Demographic variations of the respondents were used to analyze the inter-group variations in their responses. Results Students and teachers perceived the MS implementation as “moderate” and on average, students differed significantly in their perception of the MS. They thought implementation of the MS was less successful than faculty did. Women had a more positive perception of educational climate than their male colleagues and clinical students perceived the implementation of the MS on all dimensions significantly worse than preclinical students. The psychometric properties of the MSQ were very satisfactory: Item discrimination was high. Similarly to DREEM, the MSQ was highly reliable among students (? = 0.92) and teachers (? = 0.93). In both groups, the MSQ correlated highly positively with DREEM (r = 0.79 and 0.80, p < 0.001 each). Factor analyses did not reproduce the three areas of the MS perfectly. The subscales, however, could be identified as such both among teachers and students. Conclusions The perceived implementation of faculty-specific goals can be measured in an institution to some considerable extent by means of a questionnaire developed on the basis of the institution’s MS. Our MSQ provides a reliable instrument to measure the learning climate with a strong focus on competencies which are increasingly considered crucial in medical education. The questionnaire thus offers additional information beyond the DREEM. Our site-specific results imply that our own faculty is not yet fully living up to its competency-based MS. In general, the MSQ might prove useful for faculty development to the increasing number of faculties seeking to measure their perceived competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum.

2012-01-01

59

Development of a Moodle Course for Schoolchildren's Table Tennis Learning Based on Competence Motivation Theory: Its Effectiveness in Comparison to Traditional Training Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Competence Motivation Theory (CMT), a Moodle course for schoolchildren's table tennis learning was developed (The URL is http://www.bssepp.com, and this course allows guest access). The effects of the course on students' knowledge, perceived competence and interest were evaluated through quantitative methods. The sample of the study…

Zou, Junhua; Liu, Qingtang; Yang, Zongkai

2012-01-01

60

An Assessment of Head Start Supplementary Training Programs In Providing Child Development Associate Competency Based Training. Volume I: Executive Summary - National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This executive summary briefly outlines the methodology used and data collected in the National Survey of Head Start Supplementary Training/Child Development Associate (HSST/CDA) Competency Based Training Programs. (HSST/CDA training programs are intended to prepare Head Start classroom staff to meet the competency requirements of the CDA…

Gilman, Ann; Signatur, Diane

61

An Assessment of Head Start Supplementary Training Programs in Providing Child Development Associate Competency Based Training. Volume III: Appendix - National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summary statistics and questionnaires are presented in this appendix to the Final Report of the National Survey of Head Start Supplementary Training/Child Development Associate (HSST/CDA) Competency Based Training Programs. (HSST/CDA training programs are intended to prepare Head Start classroom staff to meet the competency requirements of the CDA…

Gilman, Ann; Signatur, Diane

62

Development and evaluation of a web-based breast cancer cultural competency course for primary healthcare providers  

PubMed Central

Background To develop and evaluate a continuing medical education (CME) course aimed at improving healthcare provider knowledge about breast cancer health disparities and the importance of cross-cultural communication in provider-patient interactions about breast cancer screening. Methods An interactive web-based CME course was developed and contained information about breast cancer disparities, the role of culture in healthcare decision making, and demonstrated a model of cross-cultural communication. A single group pre-/post-test design was used to assess knowledge changes. Data on user satisfaction was also collected. Results In all, 132 participants registered for the CME with 103 completing both assessments. Differences between pre-/post-test show a significant increase in knowledge (70% vs. 94%; p < .001). Ninety-five percent of participants agreed that the web based training was an appropriate tool to train healthcare providers about cultural competency and health disparities. Conclusion There was an overall high level of satisfaction among all users. Users felt that learning objectives were met and the web-based format was appropriate and easy to use and suggests that web-based CME formats are an appropriate tool to teach cultural competency skills. However, more information is needed to understand how the CME impacted practice behaviors.

2011-01-01

63

Competency Based Refresher Nurse Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based course is designed to update the skills and knowledge of inactive nurses desiring to return to active practice. Focus of the course is on organizing and managing patient care using the nursing process; performing nursing procedures, including medication administration; and reintegrating oneself into the professional…

Lombardo, Mary C.

64

The Spirit of Culture: Applying Cultural Competency to Strength-Based Youth Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Applying the research-based developmental assets list of 40 positive relationships, experiences, and values as a framework for positive youth development provides communities with a set of factors associated with increased healthy behaviors and fewer high-risk behaviors. Beginning with a question regarding the applicability of this model for youth…

Lucero, Maria Guajardo

65

Group Communication and Critical Thinking Competence Development Using a Reality-Based Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presented merger and acquisition classroom exercise is based on a real yet incomplete transaction transpiring during the period of the class. The approach enables adult students to apply their previously acquired business experience to a strategic analysis project facilitating the development of group communication, critical thinking, and…

Paulson, Edward

2011-01-01

66

Origins of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the theories and social factors that contributed to the development of competency-based training (CBT). These include behaviorism (Edward L. Thorndike), scientific management (Frederick Taylor), progressive education (John Dewey), and derivative theories including operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner), objectives-based

McCowan, Richard J.

1998-01-01

67

Developing Social Studies Competencies: Directions for the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses an approach which used the development principles of competency based education as guidelines for the training of social studies teachers at the University of Houston. Competencies identified for training social studies teachers will be either generic or specialized. Generic competencies reflect those teaching behaviors…

Felder, B. Dell; Schomburg, Carl E.

68

Developing intercultural competence through videogames  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective intercultural collaboration requires intercultural competence. Intercultural competence involves awareness of the differences between cultures, knowledge about the beliefs, values, and practices of other cultures, and the skill to apply that knowledge effortlessly and effectively in interpersonal interactions. Acquiring intercultural competence can involve intensive study of the target culture, as well as immersion in social milieu of the target culture.

W. Lewis Johnson

2009-01-01

69

Underpinnings of Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: To understand and appropriately implement competency-based education (CBE) to its fullest potential in professional programs, an investigation of its evolution is required. Objective: To reveal the development of the CBE approach now dominating many professional programs in higher education, including Athletic Training Education Programs…

Schilling, Jim F.; Koetting, J. Randall

2010-01-01

70

Developing Clinical Competency in Crisis Event Management: An Integrated Simulation Problem-Based Learning Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to evaluate the integration of a simulation based learning activity on nursing students' clinical crisis management performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. It was hypothesized that the clinical performance of first year nursing students who participated in a simulated learning activity during the PBL session…

Liaw, S. Y.; Chen, F. G.; Klainin, P.; Brammer, J.; O'Brien, A.; Samarasekera, D. D.

2010-01-01

71

Large Muscle Development: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #26.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Child Development Associate (CDA) training module is to help the CDA intern learn to assess the child's level of large muscle development and provide appropriate activities to foster motor coordination. Objectives are stipulated, activities for achieving each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is provided. A…

Foster, Cheryl

72

Developing clinical competency in crisis event management: an integrated simulation problem-based learning activity.  

PubMed

This study aimed to evaluate the integration of a simulation based learning activity on nursing students' clinical crisis management performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. It was hypothesized that the clinical performance of first year nursing students who participated in a simulated learning activity during the PBL session would be superior to those who completed the conventional problem-based session. The students were allocated into either simulation with problem-based discussion (SPBD) or problem-based discussion (PBD) for scenarios on respiratory and cardiac distress. Following completion of each scenario, students from both groups were invited to sit an optional individual test involving a systematic assessment and immediate management of a simulated patient facing a crisis event. A total of thirty students participated in the first post test related to a respiratory scenario and thirty-three participated in the second post test related to a cardiac scenario. Their clinical performances were scored using a checklist. Mean test scores for students completing the SPBD were significantly higher than those who completing the PBD for both the first post test (SPBD 20.08, PBD 18.19) and second post test (SPBD 27.56, PBD 23.07). Incorporation of simulation learning activities into problem-based discussion appeared to be an effective educational strategy for teaching nursing students to assess and manage crisis events. PMID:19916052

Liaw, S Y; Chen, F G; Klainin, P; Brammer, J; O'Brien, A; Samarasekera, D D

2010-08-01

73

The Systematic Design, Development, and Evaluation of Competency-Based Instructional Materials for Employability Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described in this paper is the development and evaluation of the Employability Skills Series by the Florida Department of Education, 1975-1977. Focusing on skills involved in getting and keeping any job, the series is intended for use with secondary students and adults and is on approximately a fifth grade reading level. It consists of six student…

Kromhout, Ora M.; And Others

74

Developing Competency-Based Methods for Near-Real-Time Air Combat Problem Solving Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Air combat scenarios present unique problems where the solution is not obvious. An advanced networked simulation environment can be used to train high-level cognitive air combat skills such as problem solving. A problem in the development of principled an...

B. T. Schreiber D. H. Andrews J. W. Bennett

2002-01-01

75

Development of Competence of Haemophilus influenzae  

PubMed Central

Spencer, Hugh T. (The Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Md.), and Roger M. Herriott. Development of competence of Haemophilus influenzae. J. Bacteriol. 90:911–920. 1965.—A chemically defined nongrowth medium was developed for the induction of competence of Haemophilus influenzae by a stepdown procedure. Cells grown logarithmically in Heart Infusion Broth became competent after being transferred to a medium which consisted of amino acids, sodium fumarate, and inorganic salts. Chloramphenicol (2 ?g/ml) or l-valine (1 ?g/ml) in the nongrowth medium inhibited development of competence. The inhibitory action of l-valine was reversed by comparable concentrations of l-isoleucine. Kinetic studies of the development of competence showed a variable capacity of competent cells to take up deoxyribonucleic acid and reaffirmed earlier findings that competence was not transmissible in H. influenzae. Addition of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, thiamine, calcium pantothenate, uracil, and hypoxanthine to the medium for competence resulted in a minimal growth medium in which reduced levels of competence were developed.

Spencer, Hugh T.; Herriott, Roger M.

1965-01-01

76

Developing and implementing competence-based recruitment and selection in a social services department – A case study of West Sussex County Council  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports and evaluates how a traditional approach to recruitment and selection in the Social Services Department of West Sussex County Council was superseded by a competency-based approach. The authors discuss the impacts of external and internal changes on the local authority and the need to develop less subjective and more effective methods of recruitment and selection, at all

David Farnham; Amanda Stevens

2000-01-01

77

The Role of Schools' Perceived Human Resource Policies in Teachers' Professional Development Activities: A Comparative Study of Innovations toward Competence-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The change toward competence-based education has implications for teachers as well as school management. This study investigates which professional development activities teachers undertake related to this change and how these activities differ among schools with various human resource (HR) policies. Two types of HR policy were involved: (1) a…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob

2011-01-01

78

Handwriting Development, Competency, and Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Failure to attain handwriting competency during the school-age years often has far-reaching negative effects on both academic success and self-esteem. This complex occupational task has many underlying component skills that may interfere with handwriting performance. Fine motor control, bilateral and visual-motor integration, motor planning,…

Feder, Katya P.; Majnemer, Annette

2007-01-01

79

The Seasons of Competency Development for Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses stages of competency development, using the seasons of the year as a metaphor. Identifies educational strategies that outdoor educators can use at each stage to help women overcome gender role socialization pressures that discourage them from achieving or recognizing their true competency levels. (TD)

Loeffler, T. A.

2000-01-01

80

Personal Development. Ohio Vocational Competency Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This assessment packet contains all materials to assess a student's competency in personal development. The purpose of the tests at the state level is to demonstrate achievement in knowledge associated with work and family life competencies. Used by the classroom teacher, the results can indicate a program's strengths and weaknesses and serve as a…

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

81

Philosophical and Psychological Rationale for Competency-Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In reviewing the development of competency-based teacher education, emphasis was placed on philosophical and psychological rationales and on systems analysis. The philosophical rationale stresses the acquisition of knowledge in teacher education programs. Competency-based teacher education programs broaden this scope to include the application of…

Kaufman, Barry A.

82

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Energy Efficient Building Construction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum for energy-efficient building construction is intended to educate students in the importance of conserving energy and to provide for developing skills needed in the application of energy-saving techniques that result in energy-efficient buildings. Each of the eight units is based on one to five competencies. For…

Cole, John; And Others

83

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Firefighter Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based education curriculum, developed by firefighters and educators in West Virginia, is designed for use as a resource for the development of improved firefighter training programs. It consists of an introductory note to the instructor and 140 competency sheets. These sheets deal with tasks in the following areas: general…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

84

Core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists  

PubMed Central

Professional groups, such as IFAPP (International Federation of Pharmaceutical Physicians and Pharmaceutical Medicine), are expected to produce the defined core competencies to orient the discipline and the academic programs for the development of future competent professionals and to advance the profession. On the other hand, PharmaTrain, an Innovative Medicines Initiative project, has become the largest public-private partnership in biomedicine in the European Continent and aims to provide postgraduate courses that are designed to meet the needs of professionals working in medicines development. A working group was formed within IFAPP including representatives from PharmaTrain, academic institutions and national member associations, with special interest and experience on Quality Improvement through education. The objectives were: to define a set of core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists, to be summarized in a Statement of Competence and to benchmark and align these identified core competencies with the Learning Outcomes (LO) of the PharmaTrain Base Course. The objectives were successfully achieved. Seven domains and 60 core competencies were identified and aligned accordingly. The effective implementation of training programs using the competencies or the PharmaTrain LO anywhere in the world may transform the drug development process to an efficient and integrated process for better and safer medicines. The PharmaTrain Base Course might provide the cognitive framework to achieve the desired Statement of Competence for Pharmaceutical Physicians and Drug Development Scientists worldwide.

Silva, Honorio; Stonier, Peter; Buhler, Fritz; Deslypere, Jean-Paul; Criscuolo, Domenico; Nell, Gerfried; Massud, Joao; Geary, Stewart; Schenk, Johanna; Kerpel-Fronius, Sandor; Koski, Greg; Clemens, Norbert; Klingmann, Ingrid; Kesselring, Gustavo; van Olden, Rudolf; Dubois, Dominique

2013-01-01

85

Core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists.  

PubMed

Professional groups, such as IFAPP (International Federation of Pharmaceutical Physicians and Pharmaceutical Medicine), are expected to produce the defined core competencies to orient the discipline and the academic programs for the development of future competent professionals and to advance the profession. On the other hand, PharmaTrain, an Innovative Medicines Initiative project, has become the largest public-private partnership in biomedicine in the European Continent and aims to provide postgraduate courses that are designed to meet the needs of professionals working in medicines development. A working group was formed within IFAPP including representatives from PharmaTrain, academic institutions and national member associations, with special interest and experience on Quality Improvement through education. The objectives were: to define a set of core competencies for pharmaceutical physicians and drug development scientists, to be summarized in a Statement of Competence and to benchmark and align these identified core competencies with the Learning Outcomes (LO) of the PharmaTrain Base Course. The objectives were successfully achieved. Seven domains and 60 core competencies were identified and aligned accordingly. The effective implementation of training programs using the competencies or the PharmaTrain LO anywhere in the world may transform the drug development process to an efficient and integrated process for better and safer medicines. The PharmaTrain Base Course might provide the cognitive framework to achieve the desired Statement of Competence for Pharmaceutical Physicians and Drug Development Scientists worldwide. PMID:23986704

Silva, Honorio; Stonier, Peter; Buhler, Fritz; Deslypere, Jean-Paul; Criscuolo, Domenico; Nell, Gerfried; Massud, Joao; Geary, Stewart; Schenk, Johanna; Kerpel-Fronius, Sandor; Koski, Greg; Clemens, Norbert; Klingmann, Ingrid; Kesselring, Gustavo; van Olden, Rudolf; Dubois, Dominique

2013-01-01

86

Scanning probe microscopy competency development  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The project collaborators developed an ultra-high vacuum scanning tunneling microscope (UHV-STM) capability, integrated it with existing scanning probe microscopes, and developed new, advanced air-based scanning force techniques (SPMs). Programmatic, basic, and industrially related laboratory research requires the existence of SPMs, as well as expertise capable of providing local nano-scale information. The UHV-STM capability, equipped with load-lock system and several surface science techniques, will allow introduction, examination, and reaction of surfaces prepared under well-controlled vacuum conditions, including the examination of morphology and local bonding associated with the initial stages of film growth under controlled growth conditions. The resulting capabilities will enable the authors to respond to a variety of problems requiring local characterization of conducting and nonconducting surfaces in liquids, air, and UHV.

Hawley, M.E.; Reagor, D.W.; Jia, Quan Xi [and others

1998-12-31

87

Metacognition and the Development of Intercultural Competence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We argue that metacognition is a critical component in the development of intercultural competence by highlighting the importance of supporting a learner's self-assessment, self-monitoring, predictive, planning, and reflection skills. We also survey sever...

H. C. Lane

2007-01-01

88

Electrical Installation and Maintenance: A Competency-Based Curriculum Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a competency-based community college curriculum for programs in electrical installation and maintenance. The initial curriculum development project involved identifying career opportunities, determining the skills (tasks) required for each job, and analyzing each task for necessary competencies and performance criteria. Project…

Ball, Peggy, Ed.; And Others

89

Competence-Based Management Training. Report 302.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A research study examined what competence-based management training (CBMT) is, how organizations are using it and why, and what impact it has had. It drew on evidence from a survey and case studies conducted among large employers in Britain (United Kingdom). General findings from 377 respondents indicated that the use of competencies was…

Strebler, M. T.; Bevan, S.

90

Competency-Based Horticulture: Gardening--Groundskeeping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program in gardening/groundskeeping. It contains a master resource list, a listing of gardening/groundskeeping resources available from various states, and 87 competency task sheets organized into 10…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

91

Indiana Distributive Education Competency Based Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Indiana distributive education competency-based curriculum model is designed to help teachers and local administrators plan and conduct a comprehensive marketing and distributive education program. It is divided into three levels--one level for each year of a three-year program. The competencies common to a variety of marketing and…

Davis, Rod; And Others

92

Strategy?based development of teacher educators' ICT competence through a co?operative staff development project  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ICT strategy and an implementation plan for teacher education were created in a co?operative process. Visions and expectations of staff members and students were registered by questionnaires and by making notes during sessions in which the strategy was created. Thereafter, an implementation document, where the staff development programme and plans of how to develop ICT infrastructure and to integrate

Jari Lavonen; Matti Lattu; Kalle Juuti; Veijo Meisalo

2006-01-01

93

Round table discussion on - Development of competency-based two-level curricula in Meteorology (TEMPUS JEP 26005-2005 COMBAT-METEO)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The project in question (http://www.combat-meteo.net/) aims to provide the basis for the reform of the system of higher education in the area of hydrometeorology in the Russian Federation to comply with the Bologna Declaration. In this regard, the project puts the following specific objectives: 1. To develop internationally recognized competency-based two-level (Bachelor / Master) curricula in meteorology by December 2007. 2. To transform existing and to develop new syllabi supported by teaching materials according to the developed two-level curricula by December 2008. 3. To implement the developed competency-based two-level curricula in meteorology at Russian State Hydro-meteorological University and universities-members of Academic Association of Russian Universities in hydrometeorology by September 2009. These objectives are met by the consortium headed by the University of Helsinki (Finland) including the University of Tartu (Estonia), the Academic Association of Russian Universities in Hydrometeorology (Russia), the Faculty of Geography of the Moscow State University (Russia) and the State Environmental University (Ukraine), with the Russian State Hydrometeorological University (Russia) as target institution. The project provides opportunities for retraining of academic and administrative staff from target universities in the consortium EU universities, as well as for bidirectional student mobility. The project results in teaching meteorology in Russia according to competency-based two-level curricula that will start by 01 September, 2009.

Bashmakova, I.; Belotserkovsky, A.; Ivanov, V.; Karlin, L.; Petrosyan, A.; Room, R.; Serditova, N.; Tyuryakov, S.; Zilitinkevich, S.

2009-09-01

94

COMPETENCY-BASED BEHAVIORAL ANCHORS AS AUTHENTICATION TOOLS TO DOCUMENT DISTANCE EDUCATION COMPETENCIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study developed a self-assessment instrument to document growth in distance education core competencies in a graduate course in a land-grant institution. Competency-based behavioral anchors served as authentication tools to document student learning. The researchers used naturalistic inquiry to design the data collection instrument and analyze the data using constant-comparative methods. The authenticated results were reported in three areas: individual

Kim E. Dooley; James R. Lindner

95

Competency-Based Learning Packages--A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nontraditional, external degree components of the IPCD (Institute for Personal Career Development) packages are competency based in anticipation of the fulfillment of personal and career objectives rather than for the fulfillment of traditional classroom objectives. (ABM)

Murray, Norman J. M.

1976-01-01

96

Experiences with a Competency-Based Educational Approach to Reproductive Biology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based educational program for future physicians studying reproductive biology was developed at the University of Utah College of Medicine. The development took the form of a generic model specifying a linear sequence of steps, namely: assess competency needs, specify competencies, determine competency components and performance…

Brown, Thomas C.; And Others

97

Social Justice Competencies and Career Development Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent focus on social justice issues in career development is primarily conceptual in nature and few resources account for the challenges or successes experienced by career development practitioners. The purpose of this article is to report the results of a research study of career practitioners in Canada regarding the competencies they use…

Arthur, Nancy; Collins, Sandra; Marshall, Catherine; McMahon, Mary

2013-01-01

98

Agent-based cognitive model for human resources competence management.  

PubMed

This chapter presents an agent-based cognitive model aimed to represent human competency concepts and competence management processes of psychological nature. This model is implemented by a multiagent system application intended to help managers of software development projects to select, based on the competence management model, the right professionals to integrate a development team. There are several software engineering methodologies that can be used to design and develop multiagent systems. However, due to the necessity to handle human competency concepts of cognitive nature, like aptitudes, interests, abilities and knowledge, we were driven to choose methodologies that can handle these concepts since the inception of the system. To do so, we integrated the TROPOS methodology, and a set of software engineering methods derived from intelligent tutoring systems research to successfully analyze and design the proposed system. At the end of the paper we present a study case, showing how the proposed system should be applied to the domain of website development. PMID:20020341

Oliveira, Stefan; Gluz, João Carlos

2010-01-01

99

Developing Preservice Teacher's Computer Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To effectively integrate information technology into classroom activities, preservice teachers must know a variety of computer concepts. Presents a model used to instruct preservice teachers in programming activities based on simulation and interactive learning. Students gained an understanding of computer roles, their programming, and…

Valde, Rich; And Others

1996-01-01

100

Constructive Development and Counselor Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developmental predictors of students' ability to learn counseling skills would help counselor educators select candidates and assist admitted students in their learning. The present research examined the relationship between adult development, as measured by the Learning Environment Preferences test (W. S. Moore, 1989) and the Defining Issues…

Eriksen, Karen P.; McAuliffe, Garrett J.

2006-01-01

101

Develop Applications and Proposals for Funding Vocational Education. Module LT-H-3 of Category H--Business and Financial Management. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of business and financial management. The purpose of the module is to help administrators develop skills in the two most common procedures to obtain state…

Puleo, Nancy F.; And Others

102

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Miscellaneous Dental Instruments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

103

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Sharpening Dental Instruments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

104

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Classification of Instruments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. P. Mink

1981-01-01

105

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Surgical Instruments and Dressings.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

106

Entry-Level Competencies for Instructional Developers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of business and industrial training team supervisors and members was undertaken in order to identify the most important entry-level competencies required of instructional development specialists in a variety of business and industrial settings. The study sample of 300 was randomly selected from the approximately 2,850 members of the…

Trimby, Madeline J.

107

Development of competent children's ward co-ordinators.  

PubMed

Taking charge of a clinical shift on a ward is daunting for newly qualified staff nurses. This article describes the co-ordinators competency pathway, written to guide and assess band 5 ward nurses, and a co-ordinators development day, which is a simulation-based training day developed by a team of senior nurses to prepare band 5 nurses to become competent children's ward co-ordinators. Each of two groups - of either experienced or less experienced band 5s - starts with the training day as a base for either 12 or 18 months of in-work training that follow. A new job description matching the trust's workforce reorganisation enabled this development of the band 5 nurse's role. A service evaluation has found staff are more competent and confident as a result of this initiative. PMID:25004046

Scaife, Clair; October, Margaret; Kellett, Valerie

2014-07-01

108

How to Measure Critical Health Competences: Development and Validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical…

Steckelberg, Anke; Hulfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jurgen; Rost, Jurgen; Muhlhauser, Ingrid

2009-01-01

109

Competence Driven Case-Base Mining  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a novel algorithm for extracting a high-quality case base from raw data while preserving and sometimes im- proving the competence of case-based reasoning. We extend the framework of Smyth and Keane's case-deletion policy with two additional features. First, we build a case base using a statistical distribution that is mined from the input data so that the case-base

Rong Pan; Qiang Yang; Jeffrey Junfeng Pan; Lei Li

2005-01-01

110

Impact of Placement Type on the Development of Clinical Competency in Speech-Language Pathology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Speech-language pathology students gain experience and clinical competency through clinical education placements. However, currently little empirical information exists regarding how competency develops. Existing research about the effectiveness of placement types and models in developing competency is generally descriptive and based

Sheepway, Lyndal; Lincoln, Michelle; McAllister, Sue

2014-01-01

111

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use at Eastern Illinois University in a model curriculum designed to prepare secondary school teachers in the field of residential building, this curriculum guide provides a competency-based preservice construction trades program. The guide is divided into thirteen units as follows: (1) pre-construction planning; (2) structural…

Nelms, Howard F.

112

Competence-Based Education for Adult Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses competency-based education and its implications for lifelong learners. Describes the program at Alverno College, the Metropolitan Area Nursing Education Consortium, and the Personalized Learning and Teaching Opportunity (PLATO) program, focusing on the favorable response of adults to the self-discipline required and evidence of an…

Hayenga, E. Sharon; Isaacson, Hope B.

1980-01-01

113

Prevocational Exploration Guidance. Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum for prevocational exploration in West Virginia provides experiences at grades 9 and 10 related to exploring careers and educational programs for those careers. The guidance units are designed to assist the counselor in providing activities that relate to ongoing hands-on activities in prevocational business,…

Harrington, Fred; And Others

114

Machine Trades. A Competency Based Articulated Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a competency-based curriculum guide designed to promote articulation in machine trades vocational education programs between and among secondary and postsecondary institutions in the Indian Hills Community College and Merged Area XV high schools in Iowa. The guide is organized in 11 sections. The first six sections provide…

Mein, Jake; And Others

115

Competencies for the Contemporary Career: Development and Preliminary Validation of the Career Competencies Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new and promising area of research has recently emerged in the field of career development: career competencies. The present article provides a framework of career competencies that integrates several perspectives from the literature. The framework distinguishes between reflective, communicative, and behavioral career competencies. Six career…

Akkermans, Jos; Brenninkmeijer, Veerle; Huibers, Marthe; Blonk, Roland W. B.

2013-01-01

116

Collaborative Learning and Competence Development in School Health Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses' collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based

Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen

2012-01-01

117

Development and Evaluation of Vocational Competency Measures. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of occupational competency tests representing all seven vocational education curriculum areas were developed, field tested, and validated. Seventeen occupations were selected for competency test development: agricultural chemicals applications technician, farm equipment mechanic, computer operator, word processing specialist, apparel…

Chalupsky, Albert B.; And Others

118

Continuing Medical Education Reform for Competency-Based Education and Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of competency-based education and evaluation for residents and practicing physicians by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS), respectively, includes the competency of practice-based learning and improvement. Efforts to implement this and the other competencies

Nahrwold, David L.

2005-01-01

119

Student Competency Profile Chart: A Competency Based Vocational Education Instrument.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document defines, describes usage of, and provides samples of student competency profiles being used in 17 vocational programs at Rutland Area Vocational-Technical Center in Rutland, Vermont. The profiles cover the following programs: auto body, auto mechanics, business/data processing, cabinetmaking, carpentry/masonry, culinary arts,…

Martell, John L.

120

Issues in Minimum Competency Testing and Competency Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A variety of viewpoints were represented in this symposium for chief state school officials and senior staff of state departments of education. Russell Vlaanderen, Education Commission of the States, opened with a national overview: "The Policy Implications of Minimum Competency Testing: The Case of the Standardized Student." Attorney Merle Steven…

Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.

121

Competency Development and Career Success: The Mediating Role of Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims to unravel the relationship between competency development, employability and career success. To do so, we tested a model wherein associations between employee participation in competency development initiatives, perceived support for competency development, self-perceived employability, and two indicators of subjective…

De Vos, Ans; De Hauw, Sara; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.

2011-01-01

122

Initial Development and Validation of the Mexican Intercultural Competence Scale  

PubMed Central

The current project sought to develop the Mexican Intercultural Competence Scale (MICS), which assesses group-specific skills and attributes that facilitate effective cultural interactions, among adults of Mexican descent. Study 1 involved an Exploratory Factor Analysis (N = 184) that identified five factors including Ambition/Perseverance, Networking, the Traditional Latino Culture, Family Relationships, and Communication. In Study 2, a Confirmatory Factor Analysis provided evidence for the 5-factor model for adults of Mexican origin living in the Midwest (N = 341) region of the U.S. The general findings are discussed in terms of a competence-based formulation of cultural adaptation and include theoretical and clinical implications.

Torres, Lucas

2013-01-01

123

Assessment to Transform Competency-based Curricula  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating a vision and creating short-term wins were the 4 steps most evident in the literature. In the case study, creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating short-term wins, consolidating improvements, and producing additional change were most important. The case study also indicated that (a) the history or climate of the institution in dealing with change, and (b) involving individuals with specific expertise as part of the leadership group were also important. Recommendations (PREPARE) were developed. Assessment is an enabling and valuable element in each stage of curricular transformation when guided by Kotter's model.

Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; Kelley, Katherine; Scott, Steven A.

2009-01-01

124

Developing cultural competence in palliative care.  

PubMed

Increasing ethnic or cultural diversity in the population served by health-care services requires improved competence and updated provision. Both individual staff and institutions need to reflect on and prepare to meet new challenges. Three key elements-reflective self-awareness, knowledge of others, and skills in managing difference-must be developed. Recognition of diversity and a database of appropriate information are essential for both workers and management of organisations. Above all, some preparedness for continual change and learning is essential. This article provides some suggestions and examples to assist with this. PMID:24514110

McGee, Paula; Johnson, Mark R D

2014-02-01

125

Adopting a competency-based model: mapping curricula and assessing student progress.  

PubMed

Much attention has been focused on integrating competency-based curricula into educational programs in health management. Achieving the benefits of competency-based curricula requires substantial effort to identify competencies that are both specific and comprehensive, and that reflect consensus among faculty and stakeholders. The objective of this paper is to describe an approach to competency-based curriculum development and monitoring of students' progress toward competency achievement. Our approach identifies 20 competency areas, organized in technical, analytical/conceptual, and interpersonal domains. We demonstrate how individual courses can be mapped to these 20 competency areas and provide survey data on students' and graduates' self-rated competencies. We find the self-rated competencies of new graduates were significantly higher than the self-rated competencies of entering students in 17 of the 20 areas. Our work illustrates an approach to competency-based education that is feasible and helpful for program planning and evaluation. The list of competencies is tractable; the mapping of competencies to didactic coursework and practical experiences is clear and reflects reasonable consensus among faculty and preceptors. Finally, the approach is flexible, as competency areas can be added and removed to be responsive to new research evidence and the changing needs of the field. PMID:19655617

Bradley, Elizabeth H; Cherlin, Emily; Busch, Susan H; Epstein, Andrew; Helfand, Bradley; White, William D

2008-01-01

126

Competencies of Employment Specialists for Effective Job Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A scant body of literature addresses competencies needed for successful job development. This study aimed to identify competencies needed for this role. In this analysis, we observed employment specialists identified as successful in helping consumers obtain employment perform job development duties. We supplemented observations with interviews. Employment specialists possessed competencies in six domains: time management, advocacy, building partnerships with consumers,

Crystal M. Glover; Rochelle L. Frounfelker

2011-01-01

127

Developing logistics competencies through third party logistics relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers third party logistics (TPL) from a resource and competence perspective. New competencies are developed in the relationship between the shipper and the TPL provider. A typology of TPL relationships is developed going from market exchanges to joint logistics solutions. Here, the article will concentrate on the highest level – joint logistics solutions. The theoretical grounding of competence

Árni Halldórsson; Tage Skjøtt-Larsen

2004-01-01

128

A Rationale for Competency-Based Programs in Educational Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines some issues associated with emerging educational programs and training concepts and suggests some basic organizing principles for developing competency-based programs for the education of school leaders. The issues discussed include the following: (a) reliability of instructional systems in producing desired outcomes, (b)…

Feldvebel, Alexander M.

1974-01-01

129

Dental Aide: Task Analyses. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task analysis guide is intended to help teachers and administrators develop instructional materials and implement competency-based education in the dental aide program. Section 1 contains a validated task inventory for dental aide. For each task, applicable information pertaining to performance and enabling objectives, criterion-referenced…

Newport News Public Schools, VA.

130

Insects and Diseases. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on insects and diseases is one of four developed for classroom use in teaching the turf and lawn services area of horticulture. The five sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered include…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

131

Planting Turf. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on planting turf is one of four developed for classroom use in teaching the turf and lawn services area of horticulture. The eight sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered include…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

132

Implementing the Plan. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on implementing the landscape plan is one of five developed for classroom use in teaching the landscape/nursery area of horticulture. The seven sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

133

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Data Processing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum for data processing is organized into four learning modules. Each module is comprised of four to seven competencies. A student competency sheet provided for each competency is organized into this format: module and competency number and name, performance guide, learning activities, and an evaluation. Where appropriate, student…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

134

Embracing a competency-based specialty curriculum for community-based nursing roles.  

PubMed

The Quad Council competencies for public health nursing (PHN) provide guidance in developing curricula at both the generalist and specialist level. However, these competencies are based on nursing roles in traditional public health agencies and community/public health is defined more broadly than official agency practice. The question arises as to whether community-based specialties require largely the same knowledge and skill set as PHN. The purpose of the competency cross-mapping project reported here was to (a) assess the intersection of the Quad Council competencies with four community-based specialties and (b) ensure the appropriateness of a Quad Council-based curriculum to prepare graduates across these four specialties (home health, occupational health, environmental health, and school nursing). This article details the multistep cross-mapping process, including validation with practice leaders. Results indicate strong alignment of community-based specialty competencies with Quad Council competencies. Community-based specialty-specific content that did not align well is identified, along with examples of didactic and clinical strategies to address gaps. This work indicates that a Quad Council-based curriculum is appropriate to prepare graduates in community-based specialties when attention to the specialty-specific competencies in the clinical setting is included. This work guides the development of a doctorate of nursing practice curriculum in PHN, encompassing the four additional community-based specialties. PMID:24579715

Levin, Pamela F; Swider, Susan M; Breakwell, Susan; Cowell, Julia M; Reising, Virginia

2013-01-01

135

An Assessment of Head Start Supplementary Training Programs in Providing Child Development Associate Competency Based Training. Volume IV: Case Studies of Eight HSST/CDA Training Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These case studies describe the design and implementation of eight selected Head Start Supplementary Training/Child Development Associate (HSST/CDA) programs. (HSST/CDA training programs are intended to prepare Head Start classroom staff to meet the competency requirements of the CDA credential.) Each case study, selected for its training methods,…

Gilman, Ann; Signatur, Diane

136

An Assessment of Head Start Supplementary Training Programs in Providing Child Development Associate Competency Based Training. Volume II: Final Report - National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final and inclusive report discusses the findings of a national survey of training programs which were intended to prepare Head Start classroom staff to meet the competency requirements of the Child Development Associate (CDA) Credential. Self-administered survey questionnaires for project managers, field supervisors, and trainees were…

Gilman, Ann; Signatur, Diane

137

Developing Adaptive Teaching Competency through Coaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research project Adaptive Teaching Competency seeks to conceptualise the processes of tuning teaching to individual students' learning needs and to empirically test, within the field of science teaching, to what extent Adaptive Teaching Competency can be fostered through teacher education. 32 primary and secondary teachers took part in an…

Vogt, Franziska; Rogalla, Marion

2009-01-01

138

New developments in organizing around core competences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The business environment is continually changing and evolving. This evolution necessitates that business concepts must either change or lose their effectiveness. The core competence approach, as proposed by Prahalad and Hamel in 1990, forms the basis of the competence movement, and it has already begun the process of change. The business community does not act uniformly, and a variety of

Mark Unland; Brian H. Kleiner

1996-01-01

139

Strategy, core competencies and human resource development  

Microsoft Academic Search

HRD's traditional approach to competency focuses on superior individual performance. The concept of a core competency in the strategic literature, as reviewed here, considers it as an organizational capability that provides sustained competitive advantage. That model is examined and implications for HRD practice noted.

Alan Clardy

2007-01-01

140

The California Competency Based Program for Credentialing School Administrators. The Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main thrust of California's Ryan Act (1970) has been to terminate credential qualifications by verification of credit received from an institution of higher education and move towards the competency based professional preparation program where institutions are first authorized to offer such programs and then assigned the responsibility to…

Lamb, Gene

141

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Introduction to Stress from a Psychological Viewpoint.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistance and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. Th...

B. P. Mink

1981-01-01

142

Evaluating Competency to Stand Trial with Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluations for competency to stand trial are distinguished from other areas of forensic consultation by their long history of standardized assessment beginning in the 1970s. As part of a special issue of the Journal on evidence- based forensic practice, this article examines three published competency measures: the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Criminal Adjudication (MacCAT-CA), the Evaluation of Competency to Stand Trial-Revised

Richard Rogers; Jill Johansson-Love

143

A Report on the Region V Conference on Competency Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conference report on competency based teacher education in Region 5 contains the full texts of 12 addresses by key conference participants: Personnel Development in Occupational Education in Illinois, Sherwood Dees; One State's (Illinois') Approach to Competency Based Teacher Education, William Reynolds; Planning for Personnel Development

Applegate, William K.; Weaver, Marita A.

144

Development of an Adjudicative Competence Research Measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a When the MacArthur Adjudicative Competence project began in 1989, several measures were available to the field for evaluating\\u000a “competence to stand trial.” As noted in Chapter 1, the impetus for many of these measures had come from mental health professionals\\u000a who attempted to operationalize the judicial and statutory standards in order to facilitate assessments. The array of measures\\u000a ranged from

Norman G. Poythress; Richard J. Bonnie; John Monahan; Randy Otto; Steven K. Hoge

145

Competency-Based Education for Guidance and Counseling Personnel: A Catalog of Programs and Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This catalog, describing a number of competency-based programs for the education and training of guidance and counseling personnel, is organized into two sections: educational programs and summary lists of competencies. Five areas of classification according to types of client needs are presented for each section: (1) Using Systematic Planning and…

McBain, Susan L., Comp.; And Others

146

Linking quality goals and product development competences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality is a main determinant of consumer food choice. Product development is accordingly a key activity for companies, because it generates the products on the quality of which consumer choices are based. In this respect, product development managers have a focal role, as their personal quality orientation influence the way product development is performed. The aim of this paper is

Johanne Rønnow Olsen; Hanne Harmsen; Alan Friis

2008-01-01

147

How scientists develop competence in visual communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Visuals (maps, charts, diagrams and illustrations) are an important tool for communication in most scientific disciplines, which means that scientists benefit from having strong visual communication skills. This dissertation examines the nature of competence in visual communication and the means by which scientists acquire this competence. This examination takes the form of an extensive multi-disciplinary integrative literature review and a series of interviews with graduate-level science students. The results are presented as a conceptual framework that lays out the components of competence in visual communication, including the communicative goals of science visuals, the characteristics of effective visuals, the skills and knowledge needed to create effective visuals and the learning experiences that promote the acquisition of these forms of skill and knowledge. This conceptual framework can be used to inform pedagogy and thus help graduate students achieve a higher level of competency in this area; it can also be used to identify aspects of acquiring competence in visual communication that need further study.

Ostergren, Marilyn

148

Knowledge Management Model: Practical Application for Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to present a knowledge management (KM) conceptual model for competency development and a case study in a law service firm, which implemented the KM model in a competencies development program. Design/methodology/approach: The case study method was applied according to Yin (2003) concepts, focusing a six-professional group…

Lustri, Denise; Miura, Irene; Takahashi, Sergio

2007-01-01

149

Formal and Integrated Strategies for Competence Development in SMEs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of the relationships among the workplace as a learning environment, strategies for competence development used by SMEs and learning outcomes. Specifically, there is a focus on a distinction between formal and integrated strategies for competence development, the conditions under which…

Kock, Henrik; Ellstrom, Per-Erik

2011-01-01

150

The Action Competence Approach and the "New" Discourses of Education for Sustainable Development, Competence and Quality Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to…

Mogensen, Finn; Schnack, Karsten

2010-01-01

151

The action competence approach and the ‘new’ discourses of education for sustainable development, competence and quality criteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to the German notion of ‘Bildung’ and that the very essence

Finn Mogensen; Karsten Schnack

2010-01-01

152

Proposed nurse educator competencies: development and validation of a model.  

PubMed

As the concern for adequate numbers of well-prepared nurse educators grows, the Council on Collegiate Education for Nursing, an affiliate of the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), has developed and validated competencies to guide the preparation of nurse educators. The 37 competency statements reflect the requisite knowledge, skills, and abilities that all nurse educators must demonstrate within the roles of teacher, scholar, and collaborator. The competencies, together with the ideologies, values, and essential core knowledge from which the competencies were derived, are vital to guide educational programs preparing nurse educators and for structuring recognition and evaluation processes for certifying, credentialing, and accrediting bodies. PMID:16115514

Davis, Debra; Stullenbarger, Elizabeth; Dearman, Catherine; Kelley, Jean A

2005-01-01

153

Competence Development of Entrepreneurs in Innovative Horticulture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the learning of entrepreneurs in authentic learning environments. The research questions are: How do entrepreneurs assess their compentencies, and how do employees and external consultants assess the compentencies of these entrepreneurs? What are the competence strengths and weaknesses of…

Mulder, Martin; Lans, Thomas; Verstegen, Jos; Biemans, Harm; Meijer, Ypie

2007-01-01

154

Counsellor Education for Developing Multicultural Counselling Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct an exploratory investigation of a new course initiative in counselor education for working with culturally diverse populations. The study investigated: (1) outcomes of curriculum targeting multicultural competencies; (2) whether prior training experience in multicultural counseling would have an impact on…

Arthur, Nancy

155

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. After the introduction, which provides a rationale for competency-based instruction in the prevocational curriculum, the following sections are included in the guide: development and validation of…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

156

Iowa Department of Education Guidelines for PK-12 Competency-Based Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidelines for developing competency-based pathways in Iowa districts and schools and outlines waiver requirements and procedures. Competency-based pathways provide ways to validate learning of standards that occurs outside the structure of the traditional school and offer flexibility for schools to engage students in…

Iowa Department of Education, 2013

2013-01-01

157

The Integrated Personnel Development System: The Training and Development of Competent Firefighters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article enquires into the nature of an emergent continuous professional development (CPD) mechanism for firefighters in the form of an Integrated Personnel Development System (IPDS), which proposes to base future training for every rank in the service on the acquisition and demonstration of competence for role. IPDS is due to be introduced…

Moran, Peter; Starling, Paul

2005-01-01

158

Development and initial validation of a project-based rubric to assess the systems-based practice competency of residents in the clinical chemistry rotation of a pathology residency.  

PubMed

Context.- Systems-based practice (SBP) is 1 of 6 core competencies required in all resident training programs accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Reliable methods of assessing resident competency in SBP have not been described in the medical literature. Objective.- To develop and validate an analytic grading rubric to assess pathology residents' analyses of SBP problems in clinical chemistry. Design.- Residents were assigned an SBP project based upon unmet clinical needs in the clinical chemistry laboratories. Using an iterative method, we created an analytic grading rubric based on critical thinking principles. Four faculty raters used the SBP project evaluation rubric to independently grade 11 residents' projects during their clinical chemistry rotations. Interrater reliability and Cronbach ? were calculated to determine the reliability and validity of the rubric. Project mean scores and range were also assessed to determine whether the rubric differentiated resident critical thinking skills related to the SBP projects. Results.- Overall project scores ranged from 6.56 to 16.50 out of a possible 20 points. Cronbach ? ranged from 0.91 to 0.96, indicating that the 4 rubric categories were internally consistent without significant overlap. Intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.63 to 0.81, indicating moderate to strong interrater reliability. Conclusions.- We report development and statistical analysis of a novel SBP project evaluation rubric. The results indicate the rubric can be used to reliably assess pathology residents' critical thinking skills in SBP. PMID:24878020

Vitek, Carolyn R; Dale, Jane C; Homburger, Henry A; Bryant, Sandra C; Saenger, Amy K; Karon, Brad S

2014-06-01

159

Texas A & I University Child Development Associate Training Materials: Book B. Competency B: Advancing Physical and Intellectual Competence in Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume, the third in a series of seven, contains the eight learning modules which focus on the second Child Development Associate (CDA) competency, advancing physical and intellectual competence in young children, in the performance-based curriculum of the Texas A & I Bilingual Bicultural Child Development Associate Training Program. The…

Texas A and I Univ., Kingsville.

160

Development and Validation of the Career Competencies Indicator (CCI)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and validation of the Career Competencies Indicator (CCI); a 43-item measure to assess career competencies (CCs). Following an extensive literature review, a comprehensive item generation process involving consultation with subject matter experts, a pilot study and a factor analytic study on a large sample…

Francis-Smythe, Jan; Haase, Sandra; Thomas, Erica; Steele, Catherine

2013-01-01

161

Development of a measure of interpersonal communication competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the development of a self?report Interpersonal Communication Competence Scale (ICCS) that taps 10 dimensions of competence: self?disclosure, empathy, social relaxation, assertiveness, interaction management, altercentrism, expressiveness, supportiveness, immediacy, and environmental control. First, we created the ICCS, reducing the number of items from an original 60 to 10. Then we established concurrent validity of the scale by looking at

Rebecca B. Rubin; Matthew M. Martin

1994-01-01

162

A Professional Development Unit for Reflecting on Program Evaluator Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes an interactive professional development unit that engages both novice and experienced evaluators in (a) learning about the Essential Competencies for Program Evaluators (ECPE), (b) applying the competencies to program evaluation contexts, and (c) using the ECPE to reflect on their own professional practices. The article…

Ghere, Gail; King, Jean A.; Stevahn, Laurie; Minnema, Jane

2006-01-01

163

The Development and Test of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to the demand for increased accountability within the university classroom, there have been calls for a new generation of rubrics that effectively assess students' competence in several areas, including public speaking. This article describes the development, test, and factor analyses of the Public Speaking Competence Rubric (PSCR), an…

Schreiber, Lisa M.; Paul, Gregory D.; Shibley, Lisa R.

2012-01-01

164

Developing Cultural Competence in Working with Korean Immigrant Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors provide an in-depth examination of the historical background, cultural values, family roles, and community contexts of Korean Americans as an aid to both researchers and clinicians in developing cultural competence with this particular group. First, the concept of cultural competence is defined. A brief history of Korean immigration…

Kim, Irene J.; Kim, Luke I. C.; Kelly, James G.

2006-01-01

165

Developing Intercultural Competence in Multilingual and Multicultural Student Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationalization and intercultural competence are key issues in higher education institutions across the globe. In times of accelerating globalization, intercultural competence emerges as one of the most desirable graduate capabilities for those who are likely to work in international environments. This article focuses on the development of…

Krajewski, Sabine

2011-01-01

166

Student Monitoring Procedures for Competency-Based Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A diverse set of techniques for monitoring student progress within competency-based programs of a public community college are discussed and evaluated. Approaches include placement testing, entry self-testing, computer-generated entry surveying and test generation, computer records management, student manuals, and competency-based transcripts.…

Feasley, Charles E.

1978-01-01

167

Must We Bother with Competency-Based Teacher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic issue of competency-based teacher education (CBTE) is presented. Characteristics of the groups (new occult and old ostrich) representing the two extreme positions are identified. The magnitude of the CBTE movement at the national, state, and institutional level is assessed. States possessing competency-based certification requirements…

Riechard, Donald E.

1976-01-01

168

Individualized Education and Competency Development of Croatian Community Pharmacists Using the General Level Framework  

PubMed Central

Objectives. To measure Croatian community pharmacists’ progress in competency development using the General Level Framework (GLF) as an educational tool in a longitudinal study. Methods. Patient care competencies of 100 community pharmacists were evaluated twice, in 2009 and in 2010 in a prospective cohort study. During this 12-month period, tailored educational programs based on the GLF were organized and conducted, new services and standard operating procedures were implemented, and documentation of contributions to patient care in the pharmacist’s portfolio became mandatory. Results. Pharmacists’ development of all GLF patient care competencies was significant with the greatest improvements seen in the following competencies: patient consultation, monitoring drug therapy, medicine information and patient education, and evaluation of outcomes. Conclusions. This study, which retested the effectiveness of an evidence-based competency framework, confirmed that GLF is a valid educational tool for pharmacist development.

Stanicic, Zivka; Hadziabdic, Maja Ortner; Mucalo, Iva; Bates, Ian; Duggan, Catherine; Carter, Sarah; Bruno, Andreia; Kosicek, Miljenko

2012-01-01

169

Competency assessment in simulation-based procedural education.  

PubMed

The field of simulation-based procedural education in medicine is undergoing rapid development, with significant improvements in both graphic and tactile fidelity. As a consequence, the use of simulation for competency assessment and credentialing is evolving rapidly. Establishing the conceptual framework for developing such assessments using simulation is becoming critical to the expansion of simulation-based education and assessment in medicine. Although medical literature explores the educational theories in other aspects of medical education, the applicability of those concepts to the simulation of time-critical and clinically dangerous procedures has not been addressed explicitly. In particular, the issue of how one establishes standards for simulation-based procedures is central to how simulation would be used for competency assessment. This article briefly reviews the current medical education theories and discusses their applicability to simulation-based education. An alternative methodology of standards setting involving the use of benchmarking may be more appropriate to assessing critical procedural skills. Although much of the existing simulation literature (and practice) implicitly uses benchmarking methods, the conceptual framework that justifies its use has not been discussed explicitly. Finally, the development of clinical benchmarks as the standards-setting mechanism for procedural simulation-based learning, feedback, and assessment will be critical to establishing the clinical relevance of simulation. PMID:18614142

Michelson, James D; Manning, Lance

2008-10-01

170

Competency-Based Models of Learning for Engineers: A Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the goals of higher professional education is to develop generic student competencies across a variety of disciplines that play a crucial role in education and that provide wider opportunities for graduates in finding good jobs and more chance of promotion. In this article a list of generic competencies developed in Russian universities is…

Lunev, Alexander; Petrova, Irina; Zaripova, Viktoria

2013-01-01

171

Developing Export Management Competencies and Skills among Undergraduate Business Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses of 25 Northern Ireland business students who undertook client-sponsored projects in local businesses reported increased proficiency in conducting research, improved competence in export management, development of soft skills, and better ability to apply theory to practice. (SK)

Scharf, Fred; Bell, Jim

2002-01-01

172

Practitioners Derive Model Competencies for Instructional/Staff Development Specialists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role and function of the instructional specialist, i.e., one who is trained to provide assistance and support in faculty and instructional development, and outlines model competencies for this position. (RAO)

Dickens, Mary Ellen; Haddad, Margaret

1979-01-01

173

Competency-Based Occupational Standards: Influences on Australian Speech Pathology Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Speech Pathology Australia developed competency-based occupational standards in response to a national government initiative across all professions and these standards have formed the basis for the accreditation process of speech pathology education programmes in Australia since 1994. This paper presents a critical appraisal of the contribution of a competency framework to curricular design, focussing on both content coverage and teaching

Alison Ferguson

2006-01-01

174

Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Laser Technology. September 1980-June 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains materials developed by a project to provide a competency-based curriculum guide for laser technology at the community college level. An abstract of the final report is included. Next, the 17 job competencies determined as necessary to meet the job description of laser technician are listed. A career ladder and qualifications…

Fioroni, John J.

175

Gardener and Landscape Worker. Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This secondary-level, competency-based curriculum contains modules for Gardener and Landscape Worker. A companion teacher's guide is available separately--see note. Each module contains a number of West Virginia-validated Gardener and Landscape Worker tasks/competencies with a performance guide listing the steps needed to perform each task,…

Long, Diana

176

A Marriage Proposal: Competency Based Education and Experiential Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how the wedding of competency-based education (CBE), centered on basic skills, and experiential education, advocating that learning requires accompanying experience to be effective, offers creative approach to implementation of CBE. Examples from St. Paul Open School illustrate how minimum competency skills can be incorporated into an…

Reynolds, Sherrod

1981-01-01

177

A School-Based Social Competency Promotion Demonstration  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive, school-based, instructional and social competency promotion program to prevent problem behavior was attempted in a troubled middle school. The program included components aimed at increasing social competencies as well as components to increase social bonding and school success. The evaluation of the 5-year effort showed that it was ineffective. The program never reached the expected levels of implementation,

Stacy B. Skroban; Denise C. Gottfredson; Gary D. Gottfredson

1999-01-01

178

Developing Psychiatric Competence During Medical Education and Internship: Contributing Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study describes the learning process in psychiatry of medical students through their clerkship and internship, It focused\\u000a upon the development of students’ attitudes to psychiatry, subjective psychiatric competence and self-confidence. The relationships\\u000a between the participants’ background, aspects of the learning environment, their attitudes to psychiatry, psychiatric competence\\u000a and psychiatric self-confidence were explored in order to develop an empirical model

Tordis Sørensen Høifødt; Reidun Olstad; Hal Sexton

2007-01-01

179

Development of the Competency Assessment Tool-Mental Health, an Instrument to Assess Core Competencies for Mental Health Care Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the focus on accountability in health care increases, there has been a corresponding emphasis on establishing core competencies for health care workers. This article discusses the development of an instrument to establish core competencies for workers in inpatient mental health settings. Twenty-six competencies were identified and rated by mental health care personnel on two subscales: the importance of the

Carla Clasen; Cheryl L Meyer; Carl F Brun; Willam A Mase

2003-01-01

180

The strategic role of Human Resource Development in managing core competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Resource-Based View (R-BV) of strategy emphasizes the importance of core competencies as the critical basis for sustainable competitive advantage. Yet, discussions of strategy typically ignore the role of the Human Resource Development (HRD) function in core competency development and management. The literature on strategic HRD is reviewed to locate the R-BV as a basis for redefining HRD's role in

Alan Clardy

2008-01-01

181

Preceptors' views of assessing nursing students using a competency based approach.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical competence assessment in BSc nursing registration education programmes. This research was undertaken in two phases and incorporated both quantitative and qualitative methodologies. In the first phase, two focus groups were conducted with preceptors working in general, mental health and intellectual disability nursing (n=16). In the second phase, a survey was undertaken with preceptors (n=837) in these disciplines. This paper reports on the focus group findings of preceptors' views and experiences of assessing undergraduate nursing degree students using a competency based approach. A semi-structured interview guide was used to focus the discussions. Three higher order categories that emerged included: attitudes to competencies, being a preceptor and competencies in practice. Competing demands in the clinical environment impacted on preceptors' experiences of the assessment process. Difficulties such as the wording of competency documentation and incorporation of skills into the assessment were articulated. The importance of a regional and national review of competency assessment systems to find a common language for student assessment as well as promoting greater student skill development within competency frameworks is recommended. These findings; highlight the importance of making assessments more workable within the current environment and aim to inform future development of competence assessment. PMID:22640780

Cassidy, Irene; Butler, Mary Pat; Quillinan, Bernie; Egan, Geraldine; Mc Namara, Mary C; Tuohy, Dympna; Bradshaw, Carmel; Fahy, Anne; Connor, Maureen O'; Tierney, Catherine

2012-11-01

182

A Delphi study to construct a CanMEDS competence based inventory applicable for workplace assessment  

PubMed Central

Background During workplace based learning students develop professional competences and an appropriate performance. To gain insight in the learning process and to evaluate competences and performance, assessment tools are essential and need to be of good quality. We aimed to construct a competence inventory applicable as an instrument to measure the content validity of workplace based assessment tools, such as portfolio. Methods A Delphi study was carried out based on the CanMEDS Roles Framework. In three rounds, experts (N?=?25–30) were invited to score the key competences per CanMEDS role on relevance (6-point Likert-scale), and to comment on the content and formulation bearing in mind its use in workplace based assessment. A descriptive analysis of relevances and comments was performed. Results Although all competences were scored as relevant, many comments pointed at a lack of concrete, transparent and applicable descriptions of the key competences for the purpose of assessment. Therefore, the CanMEDS roles were reformulated in this Delphi procedure as concrete learning outcomes, observable and suitable for workplace based assessment. Conclusions A competence based inventory, ready for validating workplace based assessment tools, was constructed using a Delphi procedure and based on a clarification and concretisation of the CanMEDS roles.

2012-01-01

183

Minimum Competencies in Undergraduate Motor Development. Guidance Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The minimum competency guidelines in Motor Development described herein at the undergraduate level may be gained in one or more motor development course(s) or through other courses provided in an undergraduate curriculum. The minimum guidelines include: (1) Formulation of a developmental perspective; (2) Knowledge of changes in motor behavior…

National Association for Sport and Physical Education, 2004

2004-01-01

184

The Development of Community Competence in the Teacher Education Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are expected to frequently collaborate within teacher communities in schools. This requires teacher education to prepare student teachers by developing the necessary community competence. The present study empirically investigates the extent to which teacher education programmes pay attention to and aim to stimulate the development of…

Dobber, Marjolein; Vandyck, Inne; Akkerman, Sanne; Graaff, Rick de; Beishuizen, Jos; Pilot, Albert; Verloop, Nico; Vermunt, Jan

2013-01-01

185

Implementing Teacher Competencies as a Professional Development Activity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two adult literacy teachers chose teacher competencies to develop as part of their professional action plans. They used the Self-Directed Staff Development Assessment instrument as a pre/post measure of their progress at novice, experienced, and master levels. The instrument proved a useful tool for identifying individual needs and strengths. (SK)

Wojcicki, Thomas P.

2003-01-01

186

Adopting e-Learning Standards in Health Care: Competency-based Learning in the Medical Informatics Domain  

PubMed Central

Like many forms of education, health professions education is increasingly competency-based. At the same time, there is growing use of e-learning technologies, which can be linked to competencies via emerging e-learning standards. Health care has been slow to adopt competencies and e-learning standards. We report our efforts to facilitate access to competencies and e-learning content in the medical informatics domain, linked by content-competency associations, based on standards developed by the MedBiquitous Consortium. We demonstrate that such standards can be successfully used and their implementation in other domains is warranted.

Hersh, William R.; Bhupatiraju, Ravi Teja; Greene, Peter S.; Smothers, Valerie; Cohen, Cheryl

2006-01-01

187

Research on the fractal company modeling based on competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The conceptual model of enterprise competence is built firstly, and the four basic enterprise competences are proposed which are activity competence, process competence, operator competence and team competence. Then the conceptual model of competence fractal unit (CFU) is built according to the competence characteristics of the fractal company, the four basic CFUs are proposed which are activity CFU, process CFU,

Xiuquan Dengl; Jinmei Peng; Haorun Huang

2009-01-01

188

Development of Entry-Level Competence Tests: A Strategy for Evaluation of Vocational Education Training Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing countries such as Malaysia and Oman have recently established occupational standards based on core work processes (functional clusters of work objects, activities and performance requirements), to which competencies (performance determinants) can be linked. While the development of work-process-based occupational standards is supposed…

Schutte, Marc; Spottl, Georg

2011-01-01

189

Nine Constructs of Cultural Competence for Curriculum Development  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the self-administered Clinical Cultural Competency Questionnaire (CCCQ) and assess the perceived level of cultural competence of students in Xavier University of Louisiana College of Pharmacy to guide curriculum development within the 4-year academic program. Methods The CCCQ was administrated to each class of pharmacy students during spring 2009. Exploratory factor analysis with principal components and varimax rotation was conducted to build the constructs explaining the factors measuring students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Results Nine factors, including 46 items extracted from the CCCQ and explaining 79% of the total variance, were found as the best fit to measure students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Conclusions The CCCQ was found to be a practical, valid, and reliable self-assessment instrument to measure the perceived level of pharmacy students' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and encounters in cross-cultural environments. The questionnaire allowed the identification of students' needs for training in cultural competence and the development of a curriculum tailored to satisfy those needs.

Brookover, Cecile; Kennedy, Kathleen

2010-01-01

190

The Development of Competent Marketing Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of transition from university undergraduate to business professional is a crucial stage in the development of a business career. This study examines both graduate and employer perspectives on the essential skills and knowledge needed by marketing professionals to successfully perform their roles. From in-depth interviews with 14…

Walker, Ian; Tsarenko, Yelena; Wagstaff, Peter; Powell, Irene; Steel, Marion; Brace-Govan, Jan

2009-01-01

191

Competency Based Training. How To Do It--for Trainers. A Guide for Teachers and Trainers on Approaches to Competency Based Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet, which is intended for vocational educators/trainers in Australia, explains the principles and techniques of competency-based training (CBT). The following topics are discussed in the first 10 sections: the decision to adopt CBT in Australia; the meaning of competency; teaching and learning to become competent (competency standards as…

Worsnop, Percy J.

192

Competency development in new registered nurse graduates: closing the gap between education and practice.  

PubMed

The gap between a new registered nurse graduate's education for practice and actual practice requirements of new registered nurses has long been an accepted fact in nursing. This article describes the development of an intervention from the academic side of the gap to improve the competency of nursing students before graduation. The intervention is noteworthy because it was developed collaboratively between academia and practice. The three-pronged intervention included development of learning modules based on the top 10 high-risk, high-volume patient conditions; faculty and staff educator development in learning strategies to enhance competency development; and sharing of products with the 84 schools of nursing in Texas. PMID:18323143

Burns, Paulette; Poster, Elizabeth C

2008-02-01

193

Credibility and Competence: Key Characteristics of Development Communicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Agricultural extension systems in the developing countries have, with few exceptions, failed to increase agricultural productivity adequately. Many of the change agent failures can be traced to their lack of credibility. They are not trusted or respected because farmers have learned that many are not technically competent. Good agricultural…

Byrnes, Francis C.

194

Developing Supply Chain Management Program: A Competency Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to show the process of designing and measuring learning competencies in program development. Design/methodology/approach: The paper includes cross-sectoral comparisons to draw on programmatic and pedagogical strategies, more commonly utilized in vocational education, and transfer the application of these strategies into…

Sauber, Matthew H.; McSurely, Hugh B.; Tummala, V. M. Rao

2008-01-01

195

Developing Multicultural Competence Using the Structured Peer Group Supervision Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in the role of supervision in counselor training has increased concurrent with the interest in effective strategies for developing multicultural counseling competency. L. D. Borders (1991) proposed a model of group supervision appropriate for use with supervisees of differing skill levels; however, the model does not overtly provide for…

Lassiter, Pamela S.; Napolitano, Louise; Culbreth, John R.; Ng, Kok-Mun

2008-01-01

196

DEVELOPMENT OF PROCESS COMPETENCIES BY REFLECTION, EXPERIMENTATION AND CREATIVITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of process competencies has become a core part of lifelong learning and a social requirement to universities. However, teaching and learning process skills is not an easy task as they are not purely analytical, technical, or scientific abilities but rather the individual's personal approach to learning, creativity, co-operation, communication, independent work, behavioural changes, self-management and self- evaluation as well

Anette Kolmos; Lise Kofoed

2003-01-01

197

Developing Broad Business Perspective Competencies by Partnering with Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The CPA Vision Project-2011 and Beyond) is a blueprint for the accounting profession of the 21st Century. From this visioning process the AICPA Core Competency Framework for Entry into the Accounting Profession (1999) was developed. It is from this framework that accounting educators are invited to adjust curriculum to provide students with the…

Cummings, Richard; Miller, Mark W.

2006-01-01

198

The Multicultural Teaching Competency Scale: Development and Initial Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on the development and initial validation of the multidimensional Multicultural Teaching Competency Scale (MTCS). Data from 506 pre- and in-service teachers were collected in three interrelated studies. Exploratory factor analysis results suggested a 16-item, two-factor solution: (a) multicultural teaching skill and (b)…

Spanierman, Lisa B.; Oh, Euna; Heppner, P. Paul; Neville, Helen A.; Mobley, Michael; Wright, Caroline Vaile; Dillon, Frank R.; Navarro, Rachel

2011-01-01

199

Peer Advising: An Opportunity for Leadership and Competency Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer advising is one model for delivering advising services. This article describes peer advising in the Human Service Program at the University of Tennessee. Students who serve as peer advisors provide a needed service, contribute to the human service program through their leadership, and benefit from developing competence consistent within the…

Diambra, Joel F.

2003-01-01

200

Developing Addition and Regrouping Competence among Second Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) teaching sequence with integrated strategy instruction for developing addition with regrouping competence among students with learning difficulties in mathematics. A total of 16 lessons were provided to 24 students during a six-week…

Miller, Susan P.; Kaffar, Bradley J.

2011-01-01

201

Development and Validation of a Music Education Competency Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Music Education Competency Test (MECT) was developed to gauge proficiency in selected singing, conducting, keyboard, and rehearsal skills. Three validity studies with 125 University of Illinois undergraduates examined MECT scores in relation to students' grades and compared students' scores by major emphasis (piano, voice, orchestral…

Beazley, Herschel V.

1981-01-01

202

Competence-based education: learning disability nursing in Wales.  

PubMed

A new era of nursing education has begun in Wales during 2012 based on new standards for pre-registration nursing education published by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC). While the article focuses on pre-registration learning disability nursing education, the NMC standards can also be used for adult, mental health and children's nursing education. Partnership working across Wales has resulted in the development of nationally agreed common elements relating to students' ongoing record of achievement of practice competence, student selection and recruitment principles, a generic educational audit format and student evaluation. Details of the NMC standards are provided, with particular examples of their implementation in learning disability nursing education across Wales. PMID:23243819

Cassidy, Simon

203

Infusing Cultural Competence and Advocacy into Strength-Based Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strength-based counseling represents a welcome shift from prevailing deficit perspectives. However, the literature often treats enhancing strengths as an acultural concept, minimizing or ignoring the essential role of culture in forming and defining strengths. Integrating cultural competence and advocacy into strength-based practice is examined as…

Grothaus, Tim; McAuliffe, Garett; Craigen, Laurie

2012-01-01

204

The promise of competency-based education in the health professions for improving global health.  

PubMed

Competency-based education (CBE) provides a useful alternative to time-based models for preparing health professionals and constructing educational programs. We describe the concept of 'competence' and 'competencies' as well as the critical curricular implications that derive from a focus on 'competence' rather than 'time'. These implications include: defining educational outcomes, developing individualized learning pathways, setting standards, and the centrality of valid assessment so as to reflect stakeholder priorities. We also highlight four challenges to implementing CBE: identifying the health needs of the community, defining competencies, developing self-regulated and flexible learning options, and assessing learners for competence. While CBE has been a prominent focus of educational reform in resource-rich countries, we believe it has even more potential to align educational programs with health system priorities in more resource-limited settings. Because CBE begins with a careful consideration of the competencies desired in the health professional workforce to address health care priorities, it provides a vehicle for integrating the health needs of the country with the values of the profession. PMID:23157696

Gruppen, Larry D; Mangrulkar, Rajesh S; Kolars, Joseph C

2012-01-01

205

The promise of competency-based education in the health professions for improving global health  

PubMed Central

Competency-based education (CBE) provides a useful alternative to time-based models for preparing health professionals and constructing educational programs. We describe the concept of ‘competence’ and ‘competencies’ as well as the critical curricular implications that derive from a focus on ‘competence’ rather than ‘time’. These implications include: defining educational outcomes, developing individualized learning pathways, setting standards, and the centrality of valid assessment so as to reflect stakeholder priorities. We also highlight four challenges to implementing CBE: identifying the health needs of the community, defining competencies, developing self-regulated and flexible learning options, and assessing learners for competence. While CBE has been a prominent focus of educational reform in resource-rich countries, we believe it has even more potential to align educational programs with health system priorities in more resource-limited settings. Because CBE begins with a careful consideration of the competencies desired in the health professional workforce to address health care priorities, it provides a vehicle for integrating the health needs of the country with the values of the profession.

2012-01-01

206

WebSAT: A Web-based Competency Self-Assessment System Linking to Educational Resources  

PubMed Central

We describe a web-based system that enables an individual to assess him/her self against the set of competencies required for a variety of roles in the area of Applied Health Informatics (AHI). The competencies themselves were developed by a multi-disciplinary team under the auspices of the Canadian Institute for Health Research (CIHR), and include the knowledge, skills, and experience necessary to fulfill specific roles as an applied health informatician. Both textual and graphical information is presented to the user and potential mechanisms for correcting competency gaps are presented in this online interactive system.

Covvey, H.D.; Fenton, S.; Mulholland, D.; Young, K.

2006-01-01

207

Development and Initial Validation of the Multicultural Competence Change Scale for Psychology Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development, maintenance, and integration of multicultural competence into all aspects of psychologists' work is critical to ethical practice in an increasingly diverse society. Measurement of multicultural competency is critical to investigating the development of multicultural competence and the effectiveness of multicultural competency

Caban, Alisia Rose

2010-01-01

208

From Competence-Based Teaching to Competence Based Learning: The Case of Generic Competencies in the Faculty of Education at the Eduardo Mondlane University in Mozambique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article explains how a formative evaluation in the context of a university in a developing country involving different stakeholders contributed to the development of proposals to improve ongoing educational practices. The case to be discussed is the implementation of generic competencies in the Faculty of Education at the Eduardo Mondlane…

Van der Linden, Josje; Mendonca, Marta

2006-01-01

209

The development of a family intervention competency assessment and reflection scale (FICARS) for psychosis.  

PubMed

Family intervention (FI) for psychosis has a robust evidence base. In recommending its use the revised NICE schizophrenia guideline states 'Healthcare professionals providing psychological interventions should have an appropriate level of competence'. Yet, no definitive instrument exists to outline what competences are required during and post FI training or help recruit staff with the appropriate knowledge and skill. This paper reports on the development of a Family Intervention competency assessment and reflection scale (FICARS). Using a systematic three-staged approach commonly used in health outcomes measurement development, a comprehensive literature review on UK-based FI training and commonly used assessment tools was undertaken. A FICARS draft was then constructed and revised in consultation with expert FI clinicians. Finally, a content validity study with FI trainers and students across three FI training programmes was undertaken to optimize FICARS aim to promote reflective assessment and professional development in FI skills and practice. PMID:23163778

Gamble, C; Sin, J; Kelly, M; O'Loughlin, D; Moone, N

2013-10-01

210

Competency-Based Teacher Education; Progress, Problems, and Prospects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is an outgrowth of the 1971 conference on competency-based teacher education at the University of Houston. The authors deal with topics which concern the conference participants. The topics include a) change and challenge in teacher education, b) explicit objectives, c) curriculum design, d) evaluation of teaching behavior, e)…

Houston, W. Robert, Ed.; Howsam, Robert B., Ed.

211

Competency Based Modular Experiments in Polymer Science and Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a competency-based, modular laboratory course emphasizing the synthesis and characterization of polymers and directed toward senior undergraduate and/or first-year graduate students in science and engineering. One module, free-radical polymerization kinetics by dilatometry, is included as a sample. (CS)

Pearce, Eli M; And Others

1980-01-01

212

Competency-Based Adult Education Research and Innovation Catalog.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains abstracts describing competency-based programs related to the Adult Performance Level (APL) project and adult education. The catalog is divided into two sections: state program implementation and local program implementation. The first section describes programs and research projects currently active in Alabama, California,…

Bureau of Occupational and Adult Education (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Adult Education.

213

An Instruction Support System for Competency-Based Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses the Pennsylvania State University Instruction Support System (ISS) designed to meet the needs of large classes for competency-based teacher education (CBTE) programs. The ISS seven-step hierarchical developmental procedure is reported to free the instructor for specialized instruction and evaluation by utilizing a…

Singh, Jane M.; And Others

214

Discipline, Governmentality and 25 Years of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the many critiques of competency-based approaches to education and training (CBT) is a strain which draws on Foucault's analysis of "disciplinary" power and knowledge. Foucault offered an interpretation of modern institutions, such as prisons, armies and schools, which revealed subtle mechanisms of surveillance and systems of knowledge that…

Hodge, Steven; Harris, Roger

2012-01-01

215

Secretarial/Clerical Occupations. A Competency Based Articulated Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a competency-based curriculum guide designed to promote articulation in secretarial/clerical occupations training programs between and among secondary and postsecondary institutions in the Indian Hills Community College and Merged Area XV high schools in Iowa. The guide is organized in eight sections. The first six sections…

Poli, Linda; And Others

216

Competency-Based Education and Training. Myths and Realities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proponents of competency-based education and training (CBET) promote it as a way to improve the correspondence between education/training and workplace requirements. CBET's opponents consider it excessively reductionist, narrow, and rigid, as well as theoretically, empirically, and pedagogically unsound. The following are among the issues…

Kerka, Sandra

217

Manufacturing Exploration. Practical Arts. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides curriculum materials for implementing a career exploration class in manufacturing occupations within a Practical Arts Education program for middle/junior high school students. Introductory materials include the program master sequence, a list of manufacturing occupations, an overview of the competency-based instructional…

Keeton, Martha; And Others

218

Competency-Based Admissions Standards in Washington: A Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a brief overview of the purpose and process of establishing competency-based standards for college admissions in the state of Washington. The state's Higher Education Coordinating Board is required by law to establish minimum requirements for admission to Washington's public baccalaureate institutes. The current policy, adopted…

Sherman, Jane C.; Scrima, Douglas P.

219

A Competency Based Curriculum Guide: Ethanol Spark Ignition Engine Conversion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is a competency-based vocational curriculum designed to provide educators with viable ethanol (100 percent alcohol) engine conversion procedures stated in simple terms and set in a flexible educational environment. The curriculum is designed so that educators can form various combinations of instructional activities and resource…

Blair, Brittain A.

220

Student Material for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student welding competency-based education curriculum consists of six units dealing with general areas related to trade occupations and nine units covering specific aspects of working with welding equipment and performing welding operations. Topics covered in the first six units are welding opportunities, human relations, safety, basic…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

221

Emergency Medical Technician. Competency Based Education Curriculum. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning with an introductory handbook, this competency-based curriculum contains 13 modules for an 81-hour secondary- or postsecondary-level course for Emergency Medical Technician (EMT). Introductory materials include module component descriptions and information for administering an EMT training program, such as an instructor's schedule, list…

Spotts, Sue Ann

222

A Competency-Based Teacher Education Program in Elementary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the elementary education program to be initiated at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. It is an individualized, modularized, personalized program consistent with the competency-based mode. Requirements for entrance into the program and the expected skills, knowledge, and attitudes required for program…

State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook.

223

Comprehensive Arts Education. Ohio's Model Competency-Based Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This model Ohio competency-based arts program connects the four arts (dance, drama/theater, music, visual art) to their educational, historical, personal, and social contexts in order to bring relevance and understanding to all students. The document is intended to provide guidance to local Ohio school districts in creating their own arts…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

224

Competency Based Curriculum for Prevocational Exploration Consumer and Homemaking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based prevocational exploration curriculum is designed to provide occupational information and hands-on experiences pertaining to consumer and homemaking occupations to ninth- and tenth-grade students. The curriculum consists of 45 learning pacs, 43 of which cover one service occupation each. Information for each service occupation…

Reese, Clara; Chenoweth, Roberta

225

Design for Competence Based Education in Special Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported are proceedings of a conference on competency based teacher education (CBTE) and the preparation of special educators. Papers on the following topics are included: CBTE and the education of the handicapped (H. Saettler); models for coalitions in special education teacher training (M. Reynolds); principles and practices for designing…

Creamer, John J.; Gilmore, Joseph T.

226

Prevocational Exploration Communications and Media. Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based communications and media-cluster curriculum is designed for use by teachers and students at the early high school level during the exploration of a variety of occupations. The purpose of the materials is to assist students in assessing whether or not they would like to prepare for these kinds of occupations. The curriculum…

Marshall Univ., Huntington, WV. Dept. of Occupational, Adult, and Safety Education.

227

Project REACH: A Competency-Based Manual for Camp Director Training. Appendix T. Camp Director Training Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Resulting from a 3 year project to develop and test competency based programs for camp personnel serving the physically handicapped, the document contains a manual for training the camp director. An introductory section gives an explanation of competency based instruction, a description of a module, and an overview of the camp director training…

Vinton, Dennis A., Ed.; Farley, Elizabeth M., Ed.

228

Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos  

PubMed Central

Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother–offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence.

Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B. M.

2013-01-01

229

Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos.  

PubMed

Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother-offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence. PMID:24127600

Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B M

2013-11-01

230

Competence Development in the Public Sector: Development, or Dismantling of Professionalism?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than a decade, competence development has been a key concept of modern management in both the private and the public sector, but to some extent its meaning and practice have been different in the two sectors. In the public sector in particular, competence development has been closely related to a number of other buzzwords characterizing…

Hjort, Katrin

2008-01-01

231

New service development competence in retail banking: Construct development and measurement validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

New service development (NSD) has emerged as an important area of research in service operations management. However, NSD empirical investigations have been hindered by the lack of psychometrically sound measurement items and scales. This paper reports a two-stage approach for the development and validation of new multi-item measurement scales reflecting a multidimensional construct called NSD competence. NSD competence reflects an

Larry J. Menor; Aleda V. Roth

2007-01-01

232

Competency Based Curriculum. Pre-Vocational Business & Office Cluster. Two.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to assist those who are engaged in implementing prevocational exploration programs concerned with business and office occupations, this second part of a two-part curriculum guide consists of experiential learning pacs that sample a variety of competencies performed by various workers employed in the business and office cluster. The…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

233

The Bases of Competence. Skills for Lifelong Learning and Employability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which is intended primarily for instructional development specialists, academic leaders, and faculty members in all types of postsecondary institutions, explains what skills and competencies students need to succeed in today's workplace and details how colleges and universities can strengthen the curriculum to cultivate those skills in…

Evers, Frederick T.; Rush, James C.; Berdrow, Iris

234

Competency Based Curriculum. Pre-Vocational Business & Office Cluster. One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is the first part of a two-part volume developed to assist those who are engaged in implementing prevocational exploration programs concerned with business and office occupations. It consists of experiential learning pacs that sample a variety of competencies performed by various workers employed in the business and office…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

235

Competency-Based Adult Education Teachers' Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide was developed to provide adult education teachers in Arkansas with a listing of competencies correlated with appropriate materials at each level. The guide helps teachers select materials to individualize student instructional plans. It provides a variety of alternatives such as books, workbooks, software, video, and suggested reading…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock. Div. of Vocational and Technical Education.

236

Developing core interprofessional competencies for community rehabilitation practitioners: findings from an Australian study.  

PubMed

This study aimed to determine the core competencies that underpin the practice of community rehabilitation (CR) practitioners working in a single state in Australia. Using a recursive and consultative methodology designed to build consensus, CR professionals, trainers, educators, and researchers developed a preliminary set of core interprofessional competencies that were considered essential to their practice. Data were collected in four main stages that engaged practitioners and experts in the CR field in the process of identifying, defining, validating, and endorsing a set of competencies. The first stage involved focus groups with 50 senior practitioners in metropolitan, rural/remote, regional, and indigenous communities. The second and third stages involved expert panels consisting of 20 trainers/educators, senior leaders, and scholars who refined, defined and validated the competency areas and developed statements that reflected the data.These statements formed the basis of a survey that was distributed to all current CR practitioners based in this state for endorsement, 40 of whom responded. Ten competencies emerged from this process. Although there are limitations to the application of competencies, they will have significant implications for the future training of CR practitioners who can transcend professional boundaries. PMID:21182441

Kendall, E; Muenchberger, H; Catalano, T; Amsters, D; Dorsett, P; Cox, R

2011-03-01

237

The Development of a Competence Scale for Learning Science: Inquiry and Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to develop an instrument to measure school students' competence in learning science as part of a large research project in Taiwan. The instrument consisted of 29 self-report, Likert-type items divided into 2 scales: Competence in Scientific Inquiry and Competence in Communication. The Competence in Scientific…

Chang, Huey-Por; Chen, Chin-Chang; Guo, Gwo-Jen; Cheng, Yeong-Jin; Lin, Chen-Yung; Jen, Tsung-Hau

2011-01-01

238

Competency-Based Education for Guidance and Counseling Personnel: A Catalog of Programs and Competencies. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This catalog, a revised expanded version of an earlier ERIC paper (ED 120 590), lists 36 educational programs and 38 sets of competencies required by guidance and counseling personnel. It is organized into two sections--educational programs and lists of competencies--each of which is further divided into five areas of classification based on…

McBain, Susan, Comp.

239

The Effect of Virtual versus Traditional Learning in Achieving Competency-Based Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: By rapid developing of the network technology, the internet-based learning methods are substituting the traditional classrooms making them expand to the virtual network learning environment. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of virtual systems on competency-based skills of first-year nursing students.…

Mosalanejad, Leili; Shahsavari, Sakine; Sobhanian, Saeed; Dastpak, Mehdi

2012-01-01

240

Occupational Home Economics Education Series. Fast Food Services. Competency Based Teaching Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of ten competency based modules developed for vocational home economics teachers, is based on a job cluster in fast food services. It is designed for a variety of levels of learners (secondary, postsecondary adult) in both school and non-school settings. Focusing on the specific job titles of bus attendant, counter…

Lowe, Phyllis; And Others

241

A structured competency based training programme for junior trainees in emergency medicine: the "Dundee Model"  

PubMed Central

Recent changes in medical training prompted by Modernising Medical Careers and the New Deal requires a more structured, competency based training programme. This paper describes the development of such a programme in an emergency medicine department of a teaching hospital. It describes the process of design and the various aspects incorporated to develop a balanced system of training, appraisal, and assessment.

Cook, R J; Pedley, D K; Thakore, S

2006-01-01

242

A Standards-Based Inventory of Foundation Competencies in Social Work with Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This article describes the development of a measure of foundation competencies in group work derived from the Standards for Social Work Practice with Groups. Developed by the Association for the Advancement of Social Work with Groups, the Standards have not been widely used. An instrument based on the Standards can help advance…

Macgowan, Mark J.

2012-01-01

243

"How Was Your Weekend?": Developing the Interactional Competence in Managing Routine Inquiries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the cross-cultural differences underlying interactional routines such as "How are you?" or "How was your weekend?", managing such routine inquiries can be problematic for second language learners. Based on data from an adult ESL (English as a second language) class, this conversation analytic study shows how learners develop their competence

Waring, Hansun Zhang

2013-01-01

244

Kentucky's Early Childhood Professional Development Initiative to Promote Social-Emotional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the Kentucky Initiative for Social Skill and Emotional Development which provides annual training and technical assistance to build early childhood programs' capacity to deliver practices known to promote social and emotional competency. The initiative is based on the 3-tiered Positive Behavior Support model that teaches…

McLaren, Elizabeth M.; Hall, Phyllis J.; Fox, Pamela

2009-01-01

245

IT COMPETENCY PREDICTING MARKET AND DEVELOPMENT PERFORMANCE: MODERATED BY ORGANIZATIONAL SIZE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The resource based view (RBV) suggests that firms with greater information technology (IT) competencies may be able to leverage information to overcome competitors. This study of 167 large New Zealand companies, found that IT knowledge, IT operations, and IT objects were all directly related to market and development performance. Further, firm size was tested as a potential moderator and found

Jenny Gibb; Jarrod Haar

246

Competency Based Curriculum Guide for Practical Nursing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains entry-level practical nursing competencies arranged in eight categories. Each competency appears on a separate sheet on which is included a list of points of knowledge the student should possess in order to meet the competency and a statement regarding evaluative criteria for the competency. Competencies in the following…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

247

Assessing Knowledge Base on Geriatric Competencies for Emergency Medicine Residents  

PubMed Central

Introduction Emergency care of older adults requires specialized knowledge of their unique physiology, atypical presentations, and care transitions. Older adults often require distinctive assessment, treatment and disposition. Emergency medicine (EM) residents should develop expertise and efficiency in geriatric care. Older adults represent over 25% of most emergency department (ED) volumes. Yet many EM residencies lack curricula or assessment tools for competent geriatric care. Fully educating residents in emergency geriatric care can demand large amounts of limited conference time. The Geriatric Emergency Medicine Competencies (GEMC) are high-impact geriatric topics developed to help residencies efficiently and effectively meet this training demand. This study examines if a 2-hour didactic intervention can significantly improve resident knowledge in 7 key domains as identified by the GEMC across multiple programs. Methods A validated 29-question didactic test was administered at six EM residencies before and after a GEMC-focused lecture delivered in summer and fall of 2009. We analyzed scores as individual questions and in defined topic domains using a paired student t test. Results A total of 301 exams were administered; 86 to PGY1, 88 to PGY2, 86 to PGY3, and 41 to PGY4 residents. The testing of didactic knowledge before and after the GEMC educational intervention had high internal reliability (87.9%). The intervention significantly improved scores in all 7 GEMC domains (improvement 13.5% to 34.6%; p<0.001). For all questions, the improvement was 23% (37.8% pre, 60.8% post; P<0.001) Graded increase in geriatric knowledge occurred by PGY year with the greatest improvement post intervention seen at the PGY 3 level (PGY1 19.1% versus PGY3 27.1%). Conclusion A brief GEMC intervention had a significant impact on EM resident knowledge of critical geriatric topics. Lectures based on the GEMC can be a high-yield tool to enhance resident knowledge of geriatric emergency care. Formal GEMC curriculum should be considered in training EM residents for the demands of an aging population.

Hogan, Teresita M.; Hansoti, Bhakti; Chan, Shu B.

2014-01-01

248

Adjudicative Competence  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review Although the basic standards of adjudicative competence were specified by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1960, there remain a number of complex conceptual and practical issues in interpreting and applying these standards. In this report we provide a brief overview regarding the general concept of adjudicative competence and its assessment, as well as some highlights of recent empirical studies on this topic. Findings Most adjudicative competence assessments are conducted by psychiatrists or psychologists. There are no universal certification requirements, but some states are moving toward required certification of forensic expertise for those conducting such assessments. Recent data indicate inconsistencies in application of the existing standards even among forensic experts, but the recent publication of consensus guidelines may foster improvements in this arena. There are also ongoing efforts to develop and validate structured instruments to aid competency evaluations. Telemedicine-based competency interviews may facilitate evaluation by those with specific expertise for evaluation of complex cases. There is also interest in empirical development of educational methods to enhance adjudicative competence. Summary Adjudicative competence may be difficult to measure accurately, but the assessments and tools available are advancing. More research is needed on methods of enhancing decisional capacity among those with impaired competence.

Dawes, Sharron E.; Palmer, Barton W.; Jeste, Dilip V.

2008-01-01

249

Project COMPETE: Community-Based Model for Public School Exit and Transition to Employment. Final Report Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project COMPETE (Community-based Model for Public School Exit and Transition to Employment) was a federally funded service demonstration project to investigate new procedures for secondary education and transition services for youth with moderate, severe, and profound mental retardation. The goal of Project COMPETE was to develop and validate a…

Dever, Richard B.; Sitlington, Patricia L.

250

Competency-Based Approaches: Linking Theory and Practice in Professional Education with Particular Reference to Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paul Hager and I worked on a large number of research projects and publications throughout the 1990s. The focus of this work was on developing a competency-based approach to professional education and assessment. I review this work and its impact over the years. Notwithstanding the fact that most professional associations today have a competency

Gonczi, Andrew

2013-01-01

251

Competency-based training for PMH nurse generalists: inpatient intervention and prevention of suicide.  

PubMed

Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States. Approximately 90,000 psychiatric mental health (PMH) nurse generalists work in hospitals in the United States, mostly on inpatient psychiatric units where the most acutely suicidal patients are hospitalized. Although competencies have been developed for mental health clinicians in assessing and managing suicide risk, there are no standard competencies for PMH nurse generalists. Widely accepted nursing practices do not meet suicide-specific standards of care or evidence-based criteria. Although both the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education Essentials for Baccalaureate Education and the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses competencies stress the necessity for comprehensive assessment, safe clinical practices, patient-centered care, evidence-based interventions, and interprofessional communication and collaboration, there are no specific requirements for suicide prevention training in educational and clinical programs. The American Psychiatric Nurses Association has an opportunity to provide leadership in developing, implementing, and evaluating competency-based training for nurses and partner with the national effort to increase the competencies in suicide prevention in the behavioral health workforce. PMID:23950543

Puntil, Cheryl; York, Janet; Limandri, Barbara; Greene, Pamela; Arauz, Eric; Hobbs, Deborah

2013-01-01

252

Competence to Waive Interrogation Rights and Adjudicative Competence in Adolescent Defendants: Cognitive Development, Attorney Contact, and Psychological Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is growing evidence of developmental differences in competency to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative\\u000a competence, the correlates of adolescents' legal capacities remain unclear. This study examined the relationship of legal\\u000a capacities to cognitive development, legal learning opportunities, and psychological symptoms. Participants were 152 male\\u000a and female defendants aged 11–17, who completed Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation

Jodi L. Viljoen; Ronald Roesch

2005-01-01

253

Development of Antimicrobial Competencies and Training for Staff Hospital Pharmacists  

PubMed Central

Antimicrobial stewardship is an important component in health care outcomes of all patients. Many institutions are seeking the best methods to incorporate antimicrobial stewardship strategies into their hospitals including pharmacy services. Multiple factors should be considered when beginning or expanding an antimicrobial stewardship program. The purpose of this article is to discuss the development of basic antibiotic competencies and training for staff pharmacists in a community hospital. The article includes an assessment of pharmacists’ knowledge pre education and post education, perception of benefits from an antibiotic education program, and learning needs and preferences.

Crader, Marsha F.

2014-01-01

254

Emotional Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

The concept of emotional competence as a positive youth development construct is reviewed in this paper. Differences between emotional intelligence and emotional competence are discussed and an operational definition is adopted. Assessment methods of emotional competence with an emphasis on its quantitative nature are introduced. In the discussion of theories of emotional competence, the functionalist and developmental perspectives and the relationships with positive youth development are highlighted. Possible antecedents, especially the influence of early child-caregiver, and expected outcomes of emotional competence are examined. Practical ways to promote emotional competence among adolescents, particularly the role of parents and teachers, and the future direction of research are also discussed.

Lau, Patrick S. Y.; Wu, Florence K. Y.

2012-01-01

255

Activities Coordinator. A Competency-Based Curriculum Designed To Prepare Students for Entry-Level Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum was developed to assist instructors in planning and implementing a comprehensive, competency-based activities program to teach students skills for entry-level jobs as activities coordinators in nursing homes or extended-care facilities for older persons. The guide contains instructional units for each task listed on the job…

Vocational Curriculum Resource Center of Maine, Fairfield.

256

Engaging speech pathology students in design and validation of competency based assessment in the workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

COMPASS™: Competency based assessment in speech pathology is an assessment tool designed and developed through a process that included student engagement. This paper will describe why student engagement was initiated, how it was facilitated during project design and validation, and the outcomes of this process. Student opinion regarding the assessment design and process will be described and compared to feedback

Sue McAllister; Michelle Lincoln; Alison Ferguson; Lindy McAllister

257

Earth and Physical Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on earth and physical science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, Natural Disasters, Chemical Reaction, Laboratory, States of Matter, Force and…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

258

Retailing. Instructor's Guide Sheets and Instructor's Package, Modules R 1-45. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This package contains instructor's guide sheets and student task assignment sheets for Modules R 1-45 of the competency-based curriculum in retailing developed for use in secondary and postsecondary schools in Kentucky. Some of the topics covered in the modules include the following: retailing--past, present, and future; retailing occupations;…

Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort.

259

Life Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on life science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Life Process, Cells, Levels of Organization, Organ Systems, Food and Oxygen-Photosynthesis, Cycles, Energy, Resources, Cell…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

260

Facilitating the Establishment of Competency-Based Vocational Programs: Florida's Vocational Instructional Materials Acquisition System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Vocational Instructional Materials Acquisition System (VIMAS) was developed in Florida to facilitate the establishment of competency-based vocational programs through dissemination of instructional mateials. VIMAS is a comprehensive system of components which work interdependently from the identification of needs to the dissemination and…

Massey, Romeo M.; Kromhout, Ora M.

261

Agricultural Production: Task Analysis for Livestock Production. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task analysis guide is intended to help teachers and administrators develop instructional materials and implement competency-based education in the agricultural production program. Section 1 contains a validated task inventory for the livestock production portion of agricultural production IV and V. Tasks are divided into six duty areas:…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

262

The Design of Competency-Based Performance Assessment in E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the design of competency-based performance assessment in e-learning. Though effort has been invested in designing powerful e-learning environments, relatively little attention has been paid to the design of valid and reliable assessments in such environments, leaving many questions to educational developers and teachers. As…

Sluijsmans, Dominique M. A.; Prins, Frans J.; Martens, Rob L.

2006-01-01

263

Competency Based Curriculum Guide for Practical Nursing Education in Virginia. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report contains a three-page narrative and extensive appendixes, including correspondence, surveys, field test evaluation and guide, and the Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Practical Nursing Education in Virginia developed by the project. The over 200-page curriculum guide presents a suggested master curriculum for a twelve or…

Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA. Dept. of Industrial Arts Education.

264

A Competency-Based Medical Student Curriculum Targeting Key Geriatric Syndromes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Miami Miller School of Medicine (UMMSM) has developed and implemented a competency-based undergraduate medical education (UME) curriculum that targets 61 learning objectives for three geriattic syndromes: dementia, falls, and delirium. This curriculum redesign changed the educational focus from what is taught to what is learned.…

van Zuilen, Maria H.; Rodriguez, Osvaldo; Mintzer, Michael J.; Paniagua, Miguel A.; Milanez, Marcos N.; Ruiz, Jorge G.; Kaiser, Robert M.; Roos, Bernard A.

2008-01-01

265

Learning To Manage while Learning about Management: A Transition to a Competency-Based Management Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A business school revised its management curriculum to focus on applied, skill-based knowledge. New courses engaged a variety of learning styles. Students kept cumulative course journals and prepared management portfolios that demonstrated their competency development (Contains 14 references.) (SK)

Dodd, Nancy G.; Brown, F. William; Benham, Harry

2002-01-01

266

Effects of Web-Based Support for the Construction of Competence Maps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educationalists experience difficulties with the construction of competence maps that describe final attainment levels of educational programs. Web-based support was developed with three supportive aids: A construction kit, a phenomenarium, and an information bank. Each supportive aid was expected to improve perceived process and product quality…

Stoof, Angela; Martens, Rob L.; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2006-01-01

267

Lessons Learned from the Competency-Based Curriculum Initiative at Baylor College of Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chronicles development of the Baylor College of Dentistry (Texas) competency-based curriculum and outlines 11 lessons learned concerning strategic planning, external accountability, value of significant and continuing faculty participation, administrative support structures, linking planning and assessment, using multiple assessment methods,…

McCann, Ann L.; Babler, William J.; Cohen, Peter A.

1998-01-01

268

Creating a Competency-Based Leadership and Managerial Skills Program: A Model for Smaller Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elements of a competency-based leadership and management skills program include assessment center evaluation, personality and self-assessment measures, experiential learning, development of career plans, meetings with career coaches, and selection of courses to enhance skills to achieve career and life goals. (Contains 23 references.) (SK)

Smith, Jonathan E.; Forbes, J. Benjamin

2001-01-01

269

The Adapted Fresno Test of Competence in Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Health educators who teach professionals about evidence-based practice (EBP) need instruments to measure change in skills and knowledge. This study aimed to develop and evaluate the interrater reliability, internal consistency, and responsiveness of the Adapted Fresno Test (AFT) of competence in EBP. Methods: Reliability testing…

McCluskey, Annie; Bishop, Bianca

2009-01-01

270

United States History. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Proejct.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on United States history is divided into twenty-four topics. The topics included are: Backgrounds of American Colonization; Colonial Life; Causes of the American Revolution; Creating a New…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

271

The development of a competence centre as a self-management instrument  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focuses on competence assessment, and its development in the context of self-management. Detailed case histories are included. Concludes that competence assessment will be an approach adopted by an increasing number of companies.

Daniël Vloeberghs; T. Robert de Rijke; Albertine J. Strokappe

2000-01-01

272

A Financial Aid Competency Model for Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores the competencies that financial aid officers need to be successful in their jobs. A survey of 30 competencies was distributed to 508 financial aid officers in the Western United States. Respondents were asked to rate 30 job competencies for their relative importance and frequency of use. Using exploratory factor analysis,…

Woolf, Neil; Martinez, Mario

2013-01-01

273

Food Marketing: Cashier-Checker. Student Material. Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum for food marketing (cashier-checking) is designed to provide entry-level employment skills. It is organized into 13 units which contain one to ten competencies. A student competency sheet provided for each competency is organized into this format: unit and competency number and name, learning steps, learning activities, and…

Froelich, Larry; And Others

274

Competence development in the public sector: Development, or dismantling of professionalism?  

Microsoft Academic Search

For more than a decade, competence development has been a key concept of modern management in both the private and the public\\u000a sector, but to some extent its meaning and practice have been different in the two sectors. In the public sector in particular,\\u000a competence development has been closely related to a number of other buzzwords characterizing dominant Neo-Liberal political

Katrin Hjort

2008-01-01

275

Developing nurse educator competency in the pedagogy of simulation.  

PubMed

Faculty development is needed for nurse educators to effectively use simulation as a learning tool. A synthesis of research evidence regarding current practices in preparing educators to use simulation provided a foundation for faculty development. Implementation of a two-pronged approach within a regional collaboration of four schools of nursing is described; results of the evaluation of the approaches are presented. Use of the National League for Nursing Core Competencies of Nurse Educators as the organizing framework and Roger's Diffusion of Innovations Model as the theoretical framework is discussed. An overview is provided of the two prongs: (a) a short course for novice educators, and (b) examples of continuing education programming for experienced faculty members new to simulation to enhance effective application of this pedagogy. Recommendations include designing faculty development for simulation within a framework for systems change, maintaining flexibility to meet diverse needs, and using existing online resources. PMID:23110325

Jeanette, McNeill; Parker, Ramona Ann; Nadeau, Julie; Pelayo, Lula W; Cook, Jennifer

2012-12-01

276

Delivering and Measuring Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Quality Competence Acquisition Model is a means to deliver and measure competence in vocational education and training that integrates learning, institutional management, and quality assurance. Introduces the model, discusses issues of staff, institutional, and curriculum development, and presents a case study of a competence-based program…

Funnell, Peter; Owen, Jennifer

1992-01-01

277

Small molecule LFA-1 antagonists compete with an anti-LFA-1 monoclonal antibody for binding to the CD11a I domain: development of a flow-cytometry-based receptor occupancy assay.  

PubMed

The beta(2) integrin LFA-1 (CD11a/CD18) is a leukocyte-specific adhesion molecule that mediates leukocyte extravasation, antigen presentation, and T-cell-mediated cytolysis through its interaction with its counter-receptors, ICAM-1, ICAM-2, and ICAM-3. We have recently described a small molecule antagonist of LFA-1 (BIRT 377) that inhibits LFA-1/ICAM-1 molecular interactions, LFA-1-dependent adhesion assays, antigen-induced proliferation of T-cells, and superantigen-induced production of IL-2 in vivo in mice. We have also recently described a unique monoclonal antibody, R3.1, which competes with BIRT 377 and its analogs for binding to both purified full-length LFA-1 and the purified recombinant I domain module. In this manuscript, we extend these studies to cell-based systems and utilize this unique reagent for the development of a receptor occupancy assay. Exploiting these observations, we have designed and validated an assay that allows us to measure receptor occupancy in vitro on monkey and human peripheral blood leukocytes and ex vivo in whole blood from monkeys dosed with small molecule LFA-1 antagonists. Further refinement of these reagents has led to the development of a Fab-based assay that allows rapid and reproducible analysis of whole blood samples. These optimized reagents allow for quantification of the number of receptors expressed on the cell surface and a more accurate quantitation of receptor occupancy. PMID:12799043

Woska, Joseph R; Last-Barney, Kathleen; Rothlein, Robert; Kroe, Rachel R; Reilly, Patricia L; Jeanfavre, Deborah D; Mainolfi, Elizabeth A; Kelly, Terence A; Caviness, Gary O; Fogal, Steven E; Panzenbeck, Maret J; Kishimoto, Takashi K; Giblin, Patricia A

2003-06-01

278

A Taxonomy of Instructional Objectives for Developmentally Disabled Persons: Personal Maintenance and Development: Homemaking and Community Life; Leisure; and Travel Domains. Working Paper 85-2. COMPETE: Community-Based Model for Public-School Exit and Transition to Employment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of Project COMPETE is to use previous research and exemplary practices to develop and validate a model and training sequence to assist retarded youth to make the transition from school to employment in the most competitive environment possible. The taxonomy described in this project working paper focuses on instructional objectives in…

Dever, Richard B.

279

Medical Assisting Competencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains medical assisting competencies and competency-based performance objectives, learning activities, resources, and levels of achievement for each competency that were adapted and developed by instructors of medical assisting to suit the needs and legal parameters of Pennsylvania. The competencies and associated elements are…

Richards, Beverly; And Others

280

Dental Assisting Competencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains dental assisting competencies and competency-based performance objectives, learning activities, resources, and evaluation procedures for each competency that was adapted and developed by instructors of dental assisting to suit the needs and legal parameters of Pennsylvania. The competencies and associated elements are…

Richards, Beverly; And Others

281

An Examination of Cross-Cultural Curriculum Development and Student Cross-Cultural Competencies in a School-Based Consultation Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this case study was to describe the cross-cultural consultation experiences of school psychology graduate students as they progressed through a semester-long school-based consultation course. Graduate students enrolled in a consultation course completed both quantitative and qualitative assessment measures. The course instructor used…

Arra, Christopher T.

2010-01-01

282

Developing a Tool to Assess Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Hospitalization (KATOC): Reliability and Validity  

PubMed Central

Objective The justification of informed consent requires that a patient be provided with the information necessary for deciding treatment and able to use such information based on reasonable thinking. The clinical decision to consider anyone who has mental disorder as incompetence without objective assessment does not only encroach human rights of the persons with mental illness, but seriously prevent them from being recovered. Hence the objective assessment of competency is needed in mental health. Our study aimed to develop the Korean Tool of Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Hospitalization and to analyze the reliability and validity of this tool. Methods Totally 98 patients with mental illness who were hospitalized in mental hospital, participated in this study. For the subjects a questionnaire composing of 22 questions of understanding, appreciation, reasoning and expression of a choice was used. To investigate validity of this tool, MMSE-K, insight test, estimated IQ, BPRS were conducted. Its reliability and usefulness were examined with Cronbach's alpha, ICC and ROC analysis respectively and criterion related validation performed. Results As results, this tool shows that agreement between raters is relatively high and the confirmatory factor analysis for constructive validation shows that the tool is valid. Also, for criterion related validation, estimated IQ, insight and MMSE are significantly correlated to understanding, appreciation and reasoning. However competence to express a choice did not show any significant correlation with criterion variables, nor showed BPRS any significant correlation with sub-competences. Conclusion Our study developed the Korean Tool of Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Admission Treatment in the Mentally Ill, verified the reliability and validity of the tool and analyzed the optimum cutoff to distinguish between competence and incompetence in sub-competences. Korean Assessment Tool of Competency to Consent to Psychiatric Hospitalization (KATOC), analyzed the reliability and validity of this tool and presented the cutoff points by subarea. As a result, the reliability and validity of satisfactory levels were verified, the ROC analysis was implemented based on the clinical assessment and the cutoff points were found in understanding, appreciation, expression of a choice and reasoning. Such findings showed that the tool developed by researchers could be very favorably used in Korea.

Seo, Mi Kyung; Kim, Seung Hyun

2011-01-01

283

Reflective Writing in the Competency-Based Curriculum at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine  

PubMed Central

The Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University is a five-year medical school where the major emphasis is to train physician investigators. In this article we describe our experience with reflective writing in our competency-based medical school, which has reflective practice as one of the nine core competencies. We outline how we use reflective writing as a way to help students develop their reflective practice skills. Reflective writing opportunities, excerpts of student pieces, and faculty and student perspectives are included. We have experienced the value of reflective writing in medical school education and believe elements of our program can be adapted to other training environments.

Isaacson, J Harry; Salas, Renee; Koch, Carl; McKenzie, Margaret

2008-01-01

284

A Multicultural Competencies Approach to Developing Human Capital Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The globalisation phenomenon has been prevalent since the last decade of 20th century and remains a significant factor influencing both organisations and individuals today. Within a globalised business environment the effective management of multicultural aspects and differences has become imperative to ensure success. It is increasingly evident there is a need to develop a clear understanding of multicultural competencies in order to fully develop a strategic approach to human capital management (HCM). The adoption of a strategic approach is necessary to ensure a focus on the issues critical to success and competitive advantage including multicultural management, professional skills and knowledge management. This paper aims to identify the importance of intercultural management and the impact of globalisation upon international business.

Woolliscroft, Paul; Cagá?ová, Dagmar; ?ambál, Miloš; Šef?íková, Miriam; Kamenova, Joana Valery

2012-12-01

285

Assessing students' performances in a competency-based curriculum.  

PubMed

Brown Medical School embarked on planning a competency-based curriculum in 1989. The curriculum was fully implemented in 1996, effective for the MD class of 2000. To graduate, a student must (1) demonstrate mastery of the medical knowledge base, (2) achieve beginning and intermediate levels of proficiency in nine key abilities, and (3) attain an advanced level in the ability called "problem solving" and three other abilities that the student chooses based on his or her interests. The nine abilities are effective communication; basic clinical skills; using basic science in the practice of medicine; diagnosis, management, and prevention; lifelong learning; self-awareness, self-care, and personal growth; the social and community contexts of health care; moral reasoning and clinical ethics; and problem solving. As a major educational innovation, the new competency-based curriculum has been successfully woven into the fabric of the medical school learning environment. In this article, the authors describe how faculty go about assessing students' performances relative to the nine abilities. PMID:12525418

Smith, Stephen R; Dollase, Richard H; Boss, Judith A

2003-01-01

286

Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what measures,…

Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

2013-01-01

287

A Systematic Review of Developing Team Competencies in Information Systems Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to work effectively in teams has been a key competence for information systems engineers for a long time. Gradually, more attention is being paid to developing this generic competence as part of academic curricula, resulting in two questions: how to best promote team competencies and how to implement team projects successfully. These…

Figl, Kathrin

2010-01-01

288

Applying a Web and Simulation-Based System for Adaptive Competence Assessment of Spinal Anaesthesia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors present an approach for implementing a system for the assessment of medical competences using a haptic simulation device. Based on Competence based Knowledge Space Theory (CbKST), information on the learners’ competences is gathered from different sources (test questions, data from the simulator, and supervising experts’ assessments).

Hockemeyer, Cord; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Lövquist, Erik; Aboulafia, Annette; Breen, Dorothy; Shorten, George; Albert, Dietrich

289

A CBC Primer. Report of a Conference: Competency-Based Curricula in General Undergraduate Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet represents a summary of a regional conference and is designed to serve as an introductory discussion of the use of the competency based education concept in general undergraduate programs. Emphasis is placed on essential conditions of competency, current factors affecting higher education, the scope and variety in competency-based

O'Connell, William R., Jr.; Moomaw, W. Edmund

290

Identification and the development of competence: a 44-year longitudinal study from late adolescence to late middle age.  

PubMed

The role of defense mechanisms in the development of planful competence (J. A. Clausen, 1993) was studied over a period of 44 years in participants from the Oakland Growth Study, who are part of the Intergenerational Studies of the Institute of Human Development. Planful competence was assessed on 4 occasions, from late adolescence (ages 15-18) to late middle age (age 62). The use of the defense mechanisms of denial, projection, and identification was assessed in late adolescence, based on Thematic Apperception Test (H. A. Murray, 1943) stories coded with the Defense Mechanism Manual (P. Cramer, 1991b). In late adolescence, the defense mechanism of identification was found to be positively related to competence, whereas the less mature defense of projection was related to lower levels of competence. For the group as a whole, hierarchical linear modeling (Bryk & Raudenbush, 1992) indicated that competence increased across the adult years, with a modest decline at late middle age. Individual differences for intraindividual change in competence were related to the use of identification: high use of identification in late adolescence was associated with relative stability in adult competence, whereas low use of identification in adolescence predicted changes in adult competence. PMID:18573014

Cramer, Phebe

2008-06-01

291

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPETENCE SCALE FOR LEARNING SCIENCE: INQUIRY AND COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to develop an instrument to measure school students’ competence in learning science as part\\u000a of a large research project in Taiwan. The instrument consisted of 29 self-report, Likert-type items divided into 2 scales:\\u000a Competence in Scientific Inquiry and Competence in Communication. The Competence in Scientific Inquiry scale contained 4 subscales:\\u000a presenting questions and hypothesis,

Huey-Por Chang; Chin-Chang Chen; Gwo-Jen Guo; Yeong-Jin Cheng; Chen-Yung Lin; Tsung-Hau Jen

2011-01-01

292

Temporal Fate Specification and Neural Progenitor Competence During Development  

PubMed Central

The vast diversity of neurons and glia of the central nervous system is generated from a small, heterogeneous population of progenitors that undergo transcriptional changes during development to sequentially specify distinct cell fates. Guided by cell intrinsic and temporal extrinsic cues, invertebrate and mammalian neural progenitors carefully regulate when and how many of each cell type is produced to form functional neural circuits. Emerging evidence indicates that neural progenitors also undergo changes in global chromatin architecture, thereby restricting the duration a particular temporal cue can act. Thus, studies of temporal identity specification and progenitor competence can provide insight into how we may use neural progenitors to more effectively generate specific cell types for brain repair.

Kohwi, Minoree; Doe, Chris Q.

2014-01-01

293

Competency-based Project to Review Community/Public Health Curricula.  

PubMed

Changes in the delivery of community/public health (C/PH) nursing have challenged nursing educators to seek innovative ways to ensure that their educational programs produce competent entry-level practitioners. This article describes how public health professionals and faculty from eight regional colleges and universities in Southeastern Wisconsin came together to better understand both what C/PH nursing content was being taught in the region, and the extent to which that content was aligned with the Public Health Nurse Competencies defined by the Quad Council in 2004. Based on self-reporting by nursing school faculty as well as a separate mapping of course objectives into the competency areas, the project found that the curricula of the participating colleges and universities adequately addressed most of the competencies in the Quad Council domains one through six. Competencies in domains seven (financial planning/management skills) and eight (leadership/systems thinking skills) were not, however, adequately addressed and plans were subsequently developed to fill those gaps. In addition to helping each institution identify strengths and gaps in its own curriculum, the project provided an unprecedented opportunity for both public health professionals and academics to build relationships, share best practices, and exchange resources. PMID:24304141

Schoneman, Doris; Simandl, Gladys; Hansen, Judith M; Garrett, Sharon

2014-07-01

294

Performance-based empathy mediates the influence of working memory on social competence in schizophrenia.  

PubMed

Empathic deficits have been linked to poor functioning in schizophrenia, but this work is mostly limited to self-report data. This study examined whether performance-based empathy measures account for incremental variance in social competence and social attainment above and beyond self-reported empathy, neurocognition, and clinical symptoms. Given the importance of working memory in theoretical models of empathy and in the prediction of functioning in schizophrenia, we also examined whether empathy mediates the relationship between working memory and functioning. Sixty outpatients and 45 healthy controls were compared on performance-based measures of 3 key components of empathic responding, including facial affect perception, emotional empathy (affective responsiveness), and cognitive empathy (emotional perspective-taking). Participants also completed measures of self-reported empathy, neurocognition, clinical symptoms, and social competence and attainment. Patients demonstrated lower accuracy than controls across the 3 performance-based empathy measures. Among patients, these measures showed minimal relations to self-reported empathy but significantly correlated with working memory and other neurocognitive functions as well as symptom levels. Furthermore, cognitive empathy explained significant incremental variance in social competence (?R (2) = .07, P < .05) and was found to mediate the relation between working memory and social competence. Performance-based measures of empathy were sensitive to functionally relevant disturbances in schizophrenia. Working memory deficits appear to have an important effect on these disruptions in empathy. Empathy is emerging as a promising new area for social cognitive research and for novel recovery-oriented treatment development. PMID:23770935

Smith, Matthew J; Horan, William P; Cobia, Derin J; Karpouzian, Tatiana M; Fox, Jaclyn M; Reilly, James L; Breiter, Hans C

2014-07-01

295

Familiarity and competence diversity in new product development teams: Effects on new product performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

When developing new products, most firms use cross-functional teams, but research on the effect of functional diversity on\\u000a new product performance returns heterogeneous results. We propose a measure of competence diversity that is more comprehensive\\u000a than the common functional diversity proxy. Empirical findings, based on a survey of 142 product and sales managers, support\\u000a the improved predictive validity of our

Christophe Haon; David Gotteland; Marianela Fornerino

2009-01-01

296

Competency Based Tests: Their Implications for Goals of Composition Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competency testing in composition fixes goals that convey to students, teachers, parents, and the general public inaccurate notions about the nature of composition and what competency in writing comprises. The trend toward competency testing comes from the public's realization that many high school and college graduates are functionally…

Smedman, M. Sarah

297

The development of the Multidimensional Social Competence Scale: a standardized measure of social competence in autism spectrum disorders.  

PubMed

Autism and its related disorders are commonly described as lying along a continuum that ranges in severity and are collectively referred to as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). Although all individuals with ASD meet the social impairment diagnostic criteria outlined in the DSM-IV-TR, they do not present with the same social difficulties. The variability in the expression and severity of social competence is particularly evident among the group of individuals with "high-functioning" ASD who appear to have difficulty applying their average to above average intelligence in a social context. There is a striking paucity of empirical research investigating individual differences in social functioning among individuals with high-functioning ASD. It is possible that more detailed investigations of social competence have been impeded by the lack of standardized measures available to assess the nature and severity of social impairment. The aim of the current study was to develop and evaluate a parent rating scale capable of assessing individual differences in social competence (i.e. strengths and challenges) among adolescents with ASD: the Multidimensional Social Competence Scale (MSCS). Results from confirmatory factor analyses supported the hypothesized multidimensional factor structure of the MSCS. Seven relatively distinct domains of social competence were identified including social motivation, social inferencing, demonstrating empathic concern, social knowledge, verbal conversation skills, nonverbal sending skills, and emotion regulation. Psychometric evidence provided preliminary support for the reliability and validity of the scale. Possible applications of this promising new parent rating scale in both research and clinical settings are discussed. PMID:24108618

Yager, Jodi; Iarocci, Grace

2013-12-01

298

Programmatic assessment of competency-based workplace learning: when theory meets practice  

PubMed Central

Background In competency-based medical education emphasis has shifted towards outcomes, capabilities, and learner-centeredness. Together with a focus on sustained evidence of professional competence this calls for new methods of teaching and assessment. Recently, medical educators advocated the use of a holistic, programmatic approach towards assessment. Besides maximum facilitation of learning it should improve the validity and reliability of measurements and documentation of competence development. We explored how, in a competency-based curriculum, current theories on programmatic assessment interacted with educational practice. Methods In a development study including evaluation, we investigated the implementation of a theory-based programme of assessment. Between April 2011 and May 2012 quantitative evaluation data were collected and used to guide group interviews that explored the experiences of students and clinical supervisors with the assessment programme. We coded the transcripts and emerging topics were organised into a list of lessons learned. Results The programme mainly focuses on the integration of learning and assessment by motivating and supporting students to seek and accumulate feedback. The assessment instruments were aligned to cover predefined competencies to enable aggregation of information in a structured and meaningful way. Assessments that were designed as formative learning experiences were increasingly perceived as summative by students. Peer feedback was experienced as a valuable method for formative feedback. Social interaction and external guidance seemed to be of crucial importance to scaffold self-directed learning. Aggregating data from individual assessments into a holistic portfolio judgement required expertise and extensive training and supervision of judges. Conclusions A programme of assessment with low-stakes assessments providing simultaneously formative feedback and input for summative decisions proved not easy to implement. Careful preparation and guidance of the implementation process was crucial. Assessment for learning requires meaningful feedback with each assessment. Special attention should be paid to the quality of feedback at individual assessment moments. Comprehensive attention for faculty development and training for students is essential for the successful implementation of an assessment programme.

2013-01-01

299

A test of the California competency-based differentiated role model.  

PubMed

To address the incongruence between the expectations of nursing service and education in California, the Education Industry Interface Task Force of the California Strategic Planning Committee for Nursing developed descriptions to assist employers and educators in clearly differentiating practice and educational competencies. The completion of the Competency-Based Role Differentiation Model resulted in the need to test the model for its utility in the service setting, in education, and for career planning for nurses. Three alpha demonstration sites were selected based on representative geographical regions of California. The sites were composed of tri-partnerships consisting of a medical center, an associate degree in nursing program, and a baccalaureate nursing program. Observers rated senior students and new graduates in medical-surgical units on their behaviors in teacher and leadership care provider and care coordinator roles. The alpha demonstration study results were as expected. That is, senior students practice predominantly at a novice level in teacher and management/leadership care provider functions and new graduates practice predominately at the competent level. New graduates are more likely to take on novice and competent care coordinator roles. The CBRDM may be useful for practice and education settings to evaluate student and nurse performance, to define role expectations, and to identify the preparation necessary for the roles. It is useful for all of nursing as it continues to define its levels of practice and their relationship to on-the-job performance, curriculum development, and carrier planning. PMID:12790066

Keating, Sarah B; Rutledge, Dana N; Sargent, Arlene; Walker, Polly

2003-01-01

300

From Research to Practice: Developing and Delivering a Culturally Competent Trauma Curriculum for Child Welfare Practitioners After 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the experiences of social work scholar-practitioners who developed and delivered a culturally competent trauma curriculum to child welfare practitioners in New York City in the aftermath of the World Trade Center terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. It explores the challenges in teaching practitioners culturally competent, evidence-based practice in general and trauma-related content in particular, offering orienting

Roni Berger; Patricia A. Joyce

2010-01-01

301

Impact of a Competency-Based Curriculum on Medical Student Advancement: A Ten-Year Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In 1999, the Indiana University School of Medicine implemented a new curriculum based on the attainment of core competencies beyond medical knowledge. Purpose: The objective was to document how the Student Promotions Committee (SPC) has adjudicated students’ competency-related deficiencies over the past decade. Methods: Using SPC records, the authors determined the frequency of competency-related deficiencies reported to the SPC

James J. Brokaw; Laura J. Torbeck; Mary A. Bell; Dennis W. Deal

2011-01-01

302

The appropriateness of professional judgement to determine performance rubrics in a graded competency based assessment framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract With the implementation of competency based assessment within the Australian vocational education and training (VET) sector the focus has been on valid and reliable assessments to ensure that there are consistent outcomes across training providers. Underpinning this has being the notion of providing assessment judgements within a dichotomous,reporting framework; that is competent or not yet competent. This study investigated

Andrea Bateman

303

Designing a Competency-Based Master of Arts in Management Program for Midcareer Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a competency-based master's program, students assess their competencies and design an individual learning program, then apply their learning through portfolio assignments in 10 management knowledge courses. Competencies include interpersonal, personnel management, and analytical skills; management knowledge; and career-specific skills.…

Spee, James C.; Tompkins, Teri C.

2001-01-01

304

Geospatial Technology Competency Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial Technology Competency Model (GTCM) is depicted as a pyramid with nine tiers. This depiction illustrates how occupational and industry competencies build on a foundation of personal effectiveness, academic, and workplace competencies. Each tier consists of one or more blocks representing the skills, knowledge, and abilities essential for successful performance in the industry or occupation represented by the model. At the base of the model, competencies apply to a large number of occupations and industries. As a user moves up the model, the competencies become industry- and occupation-specific. This document specifies competencies required for worker success in the geospatial industry, from the most general Personal Effectiveness Competencies (Tier 1) to the sector-specific competencies presented in Tier 5. Additional occupation-specific competencies and requirements (Tiers 6-8), as well as management competencies (Tier 9) are beyond the scope of this document. Expected uses of the GTCM include career guidance, curriculum development and assessment, recruitment and hiring, continuing professional development, criteria for voluntary certification, and outreach efforts intended to communicate characteristics of the geospatial field to the public. GTCM users should bear in mind that the pyramid framework is not intended to suggest a sequence of competency attainment or that certain competencies are of greater value or higher skill than others. The body of the GTCM is a table that contains definitions and associated key behaviors for each competency block depicted in the pyramid.

2010-12-28

305

Do we develop public health leaders?- association between public health competencies and emotional intelligence: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Professional development of public health leaders requires a form of instruction which is competency-based to help them develop the abilities to address complex and evolving demands of health care systems. Concurrently, emotional intelligence (EI) is a key to organisational success. Our aim was twofold: i) to assess the relationship between the level of self-assessed public health and EI competencies among Master of European Public Health (MEPH) students and graduates at Maastricht University, and; ii) to determine the relationship between different groups of public health competencies and specific EI skills. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted including all recent MEPH graduates and students from 2009–2012, out of 67 eligible candidates N?=?51 were contacted and N?=?33 responded (11 males and 22 females; overall response: 64.7%).Two validated tools were employed: i) public health competencies self-assessment questionnaire, and; ii) Assessing Emotions Scale. Results Females scored higher than males in all seven domains of the self-assessed key public health competencies (NS) and emotional intelligence competences (P?=?0.022). Overall, the mean value of public health competencies was the lowest in students with “staff” preferences and the highest among students with mixed job preferences (P?competencies and the overall emotional intelligence competencies (r?=?0.61, P?competencies and EI attributes. It can contribute to the improvement of the educational content of PH curricula by rising awareness through self-assessment and supporting the identification of further educational needs related to leadership.

2014-01-01

306

Competencies; A New Sector; Developing a Competency Model for Three Star Hotels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a working paper based on a current Hotel Management Skillnet project, which is due to be completed by December 2001. This project arose from previous research by the Irish Hotel and Catering Institute (IHCI), the Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT), the Tourism Research Centre (TRC) and University College Dublin (UCD) into continuing professional development in the hospitality

Tony m Kiely; Monica Brophy

2001-01-01

307

Competencies for port and logistics personnel: An application of regional human resource development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that\\u000a have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel,\\u000a a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert interviews to develop a competency\\u000a survey. Six competency clusters and 16

Young-sik Ahn; Gary N. McLean

2008-01-01

308

Competence to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative competence in adolescent defendants: cognitive development, attorney contact, and psychological symptoms.  

PubMed

Although there is growing evidence of developmental differences in competency to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative competence, the correlates of adolescents' legal capacities remain unclear. This study examined the relationship of legal capacities to cognitive development, legal learning opportunities, and psychological symptoms. Participants were 152 male and female defendants aged 11-17, who completed Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation of Miranda Rights, the Fitness Interview Test (Revised Edition), the Woodcock-Johnson III Cognitive Assessment Battery, and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale for Children. Legal capacities relevant to interrogation and adjudication increased with age. These developmental differences were partially mediated or explained by cognitive development. Of the specific cognitive abilities examined (general intellectual ability, verbal ability, reasoning, long-term retrieval, attention, and executive functioning), verbal ability was a particularly strong predictor of performance on competency measures. Also, defendants obtained lower scores on competency measures if they showed evidence of attention deficits or hyperactivity, had spent limited time with their attorneys, and/or were from low socioeconomic backgrounds. PMID:16382358

Viljoen, Jodi L; Roesch, Ronald

2005-12-01

309

Le francais fonde sur la competence, Superieur (Competency Based French, Superior).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical units at the superior level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational texts. Unit topics include: explaining how to do something; explaining…

Dimanche, Maurice

310

Probabilistic Approach to the Dynamic Ensemble Selection Using Measures of Competence and Diversity of Base Classifiers  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In the paper measures of classifier competence and diversity using a probabilistic model are proposed. The multiple classifier\\u000a system (MCS) based on dynamic ensemble selection scheme was constructed using both measures developed. The performance of\\u000a proposed MCS was compared against three multiple classifier systems using six databases taken from the UCI Machine Learning\\u000a Repository and the StatLib statistical dataset. The

Rafal Lysiak; Marek Kurzynski; Tomasz Woloszynski

311

Integrating cultural competency and empirically-based practices in child welfare services: A model based on community psychiatry field principles of health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acknowledging the existence of racism in our society is crucial to understanding the need for a culturally competent approach to developing empirically-based practices in child welfare, thereby providing a foundation for evidence-based practice in the field. Advancements have already been made in mental health to address cultural competence and evidence-based practice. This article presents a model of seven field principles

Carl C. Bell; Susan J. Wells; Lani M. Merritt

2009-01-01

312

Patient safety training simulations based on competency criteria of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.  

PubMed

This report reviews and critically evaluates the development of 3 movements in healthcare that have had a profound impact on changes occurring at all levels of medical education: patient safety, healthcare simulation, and competency-based education (exemplified by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education). The authors performed a critical and selective review of the literature from 1999 to 2011 to identify uses of simulation to address patient-safety issues aligned according to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education 6 core competencies: (1) patient care; (2) medical knowledge; (3) interpersonal and communication skills; (4) professionalism; (5) practice-based learning; and (6) systems-based practice. The research synthesis is reported to inform and provide evidence about how simulation is used to train and evaluate learners on a range of patient-safety issues for each of the core competencies: There is emerging evidence that simulation can be used in training efforts to reduce medical errors related to medical knowledge and patient care (particular invasive procedures as well as improved communication and teamwork skills). There remains limited evidence on its impact to improve patient safety related to more complex competencies of practice-based learning and systems-based practice. Simulation-based learning can lead to positive patient outcomes and reduction of medical errors particularly when used for individual skills. However, particular attention needs to be placed on the organizational context in which it is implemented if improvements in practice-based learning and systems-based practice are to be realized. PMID:22069208

Issenberg, S Barry; Chung, Hyun Soo; Devine, Luke Adam

2011-01-01

313

Communication Training Needs in Organizations: A Competency/ Proficiency Based Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the relationship between perceived communication competence and its importance in business organizations and the need for additional training of college business students in communication competencies. A survey was sent to all individuals who had indicated to a university center for management education and services an active…

Harris, Thomas E.; Thomlison, T. Dean

314

Commentary: pitfalls in assessment of competency-based educational objectives.  

PubMed

Requirements for accreditation of medical professionals are increasingly cast in the language of general competencies. Because the language of these competencies is generally shaped by negotiations among stakeholders, however, it has proven difficult to attain consensus on precise definitions. This lack of clarity is amplified when attempting to measure these essentially political constructs in individual learners. The authors of this commentary frame these difficulties within modern views of test validity. The most significant obstacle to valid measurement is not necessarily a lack of useful tools but, rather, a general unwillingness to question whether the competencies themselves represent valid measurement constructs. Although competencies may prove useful in defining an overall social mission for organizations, such competencies should not be mistaken for measurable and distinct attributes that people can demonstrate in the context of their actual work. PMID:21451271

Lurie, Stephen J; Mooney, Christopher J; Lyness, Jeffrey M

2011-04-01

315

Teaching statics of fluids in bioengineering: a multidisciplinary proposal based on competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this work is to share the findings of an educational experience undertaken by first-year university students of bioengineering, oriented towards the model of Competence-based Education. Different aspects on integrative education pursued in the subject goals are explicitly focused here by designing a strategy within a contextualized and multidisciplinary approach that combines knowledge from Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The topic chosen for the work is Static of Fluids, because it allows relating pressure to its biological effects on human beings. After evaluating a pre-test, new interrelated strategies are implemented. Due to the motivation audiovisuals generate in adolescents, we start showing an argumentative film entitled 'The Big Blue', and continue with different individual and/or group activities, finishing with a post-test to assess the development of the competences proposed. Results are encouraging as regards the level of specific competences acquired and, complementarily, basic and professional competences in general. Besides, the experience met expectations as regards student motivation, interest and commitment to learning, which ensured the path taken by the academicians by means of implementing innovative strategies.

Alborch, A.; Puzzella, A.; Lopez, N.; Cabrera, L.; Zabala, A.; Demartini, H.

2007-11-01

316

Developing Employee Competence. Symposium 25. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains three papers from a symposium on developing employee competence. The first paper, "Coaching in Organizations: Self-Assessment of Competence" (Gary N. McLean, Min-Hsun [Christine] Kuo), reports on development and pilot-testing of an instrument to identify the developmental needs of managers and peers to function more…

2000

317

Quality Literacy--Competencies for Quality Development in Education and E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article suggests that stakeholders involved in quality development need a specific competence, called quality literacy, in order to successfully improve learning processes. We introduce and describe quality literacy as a set of competencies that are needed for professional quality development. Quality literacy emphasises the importance of…

Ehlers, Ulf-Daniel

2007-01-01

318

Development of Psychiatric–Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Competencies: Opportunities for the 21st Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to discuss the development of the psychiatric–mental health nurse practitioner(PMHNP) competencies. The historical context and controversy regarding the role of advanced practice psychiatric mental health nursing as well as the consensus process of a national panel charged with the development of these competencies are described. Also, implications for education, practice, research, and policy are

Kathleen Wheeler; Judith Haber

2004-01-01

319

Why Do Small Enterprises Participate in a Programme for Competence Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase our understanding of why firms, specifically small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), participate in a programme for competence development and why firms use different strategies for competence development. Design/methodology/approach: A study of 17 SMEs that all received support from the European…

Kock, Henrik; Gill, Andreas; Ellstrom, Per Erik

2008-01-01

320

Development of Core Competencies for Paraprofessional Nutrition Educators Who Deliver Food Stamp Nutrition Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to describe the process used for the development of core competencies for paraprofessional nutrition educators in Food Stamp Nutrition Education (FSNE). The development process included the efforts of an expert panel of state and multicounty FSNE leaders to draft the core competencies and the validation of those…

Baker, Susan S.; Pearson, Meredith; Chipman, Helen

2009-01-01

321

A Theoretical Framework for the Identifying, Assessment and Development of Competency of Border Officers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Border officers are a special group within the board range of army officers. They are responsible for the organization and implementation of the development of border armies. Therefore the competency of these officers will directly affect the successfulness of these developments. Through a review of relevant literatures this paper first gives an overview on the state of competency research. This

Baozhong Qing; Hong Zhao; Tian Xia

2011-01-01

322

RNA secondary structure regulates the translation of sxy and competence development in Haemophilus influenzae  

PubMed Central

The sxy (tfoX) gene product is the central regulator of DNA uptake by naturally competent ?-proteobacteria such as Haemophilus influenzae, Vibrio cholerae and probably Escherichia coli. However, the mechanisms regulating sxy gene expression are not understood despite being key to understanding the physiological role of DNA uptake. We have isolated mutations in H. influenzae sxy that greatly elevate translation and thus cause competence to develop in otherwise non-inducing conditions (hypercompetence). In vitro nuclease analysis confirmed the existence of an extensive secondary structure at the 5? end of sxy mRNA that sequesters the ribosome-binding site and start codon in a stem-loop. All of the hypercompetence mutations reduced mRNA base pairing, and one was shown to cause a global destabilization that increased translational efficiency. Conversely, mutations engineered to add mRNA base pairs strengthened the secondary structure, resulting in reduced translational efficiency and greatly reduced competence for genetic transformation. Transfer of wild-type cells to starvation medium improved translational efficiency of sxy while independently triggering the sugar starvation regulator (CRP) to stimulate transcription at the sxy promoter. Thus, mRNA secondary structure is responsive to conditions where DNA uptake will be favorable, and transcription of sxy is simultaneously enhanced if CRP activation signals that energy supplies are limited.

Cameron, Andrew D.S.; Volar, Milica; Bannister, Laura A.; Redfield, Rosemary J.

2008-01-01

323

Nurses' Competencies in Disaster Nursing: Implications for Curriculum Development and Public Health  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to explore Hong Kong nurses’ perceptions of competencies required for disaster nursing. Focus group interviews and written inquiry were adopted to solicit nurses’ perceived required competencies for disaster care. A total of 15 nurses were interviewed and 30 nurses completed the written inquiry on their perceived competencies related to disaster nursing. The International Council for Nurses’ (ICN) framework of disaster nursing competencies, consisting of four themes and ten domains, was used to tabulate the perceived competencies for disaster nursing reported by nurses. The most mentioned required competencies were related to disaster response; with the ethical and legal competencies for disaster nursing were mostly neglected by nurses in Hong Kong. With the complexity nature of disasters, special competencies are required if nurses are to deal with adverse happenings in their serving community. Nurses’ perceived disaster nursing competencies reported by nurses were grossly inadequate, demonstrating the needs to develop a comprehensive curriculum for public health. The establishment of a set of tailor-made disaster nursing core competencies for the community they served is the first step in preparing nurses to deal with disastrous situations for the health of the public.

Loke, Alice Yuen; Fung, Olivia Wai Man

2014-01-01

324

Developing a Diversity-Competent Workforce: The UA Libraries’ Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing and supporting a diverse workforce that reflects the communities we serve is a central value and a customer-based business decision of the University of Arizona (UA) Libraries. In response to data collected through climate surveys, the UA Libraries’ Diversity Committee has been systematically working to improve the organization's climate for diversity. One activity undertaken was the development and incorporation

Ricardo Andrade; Alexandra Rivera

2011-01-01

325

Competency-Based Reforms of the Undergraduate Biology Curriculum: Integrating the Physical and Biological Sciences  

PubMed Central

The National Experiment in Undergraduate Science Education project funded by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute is a direct response to the Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians report, which urged a shift in premedical student preparation from a narrow list of specific course work to a more flexible curriculum that helps students develop broad scientific competencies. A consortium of four universities is working to create, pilot, and assess modular, competency-based curricular units that require students to use higher-order cognitive skills and reason across traditional disciplinary boundaries. Purdue University; the University of Maryland, Baltimore County; and the University of Miami are each developing modules and case studies that integrate the biological, chemical, physical, and mathematical sciences. The University of Maryland, College Park, is leading the effort to create an introductory physics for life sciences course that is reformed in both content and pedagogy. This course has prerequisites of biology, chemistry, and calculus, allowing students to apply strategies from the physical sciences to solving authentic biological problems. A comprehensive assessment plan is examining students’ conceptual knowledge of physics, their attitudes toward interdisciplinary approaches, and the development of specific scientific competencies. Teaching modules developed during this initial phase will be tested on multiple partner campuses in preparation for eventual broad dissemination.

Thompson, Katerina V.; Chmielewski, Jean; Gaines, Michael S.; Hrycyna, Christine A.; LaCourse, William R.

2013-01-01

326

Neuromuscular medicine competency in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents: a method of development and assessment.  

PubMed

This project endeavored to create an educational module including methodology to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation residents in the evaluation and appropriate treatment of patients with neuromuscular disorders. It further sought to verify acquired competencies in neuromuscular rehabilitation through objective evaluation methodology. An American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine board-certified physician with 10 yrs of clinical experience in neuromuscular and general rehabilitation trained 19 residents using a standardized competency-based module. The residents were trained through clinical training, lectures, and review of self-assessment examination concepts from the American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation syllabus provided in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. After delivery of the educational module, knowledge acquisition and skill proficiency were measured in (1) completion of neuromuscular history and physical examination satisfactorily, (2) diagnosis and ability to design a patient care management plan via chart stimulated recall examinations, (3) physician-patient interaction via patient surveys, (4) physician-staff interaction via 360-degree global ratings, and (5) ability to write a comprehensive patient care report and to document a patient care management plan in accordance with Medicare guidelines via written patient reports. Assessment tools developed for this program address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. To test the success of the standardized educational module, data were collected on an ongoing basis. The objective measures compared resident self-assessment examination scores in neuromuscular rehabilitation before and after the institution of the comprehensive neuromuscular competency module in the residency program. Nineteen (100%) of 19 residents successfully demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module by the end of the postgraduate year 2 inpatient neuromuscular rehabilitation rotation. Furthermore, the residents' proficiency, as demonstrated by the evaluation after the implementation of the standardized educational module, positively correlated with an increase in the residents' self-assessment examination scores in neuromuscular rehabilitation compared with the residents' scores before the educational module implementation throughout all 3 yrs of training. Resident proficiency in the skills and knowledge pertaining to neuromuscular rehabilitation were objectively verified after completion of the standardized educational module. Validation of the assessment tool is evidenced by the collected data correlating with significantly improved self-assessment examination scores, as outlined in the "RESULTS" section. In addition, the clinical development tool was validated by the residents being individually observed performing history and physical examinations and being deemed competent by the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine board-certified physical medicine and rehabilitation physician. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical training area of neuromuscular rehabilitation. PMID:23128327

Lin, Lei; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Innerfield, Caitlin E; Strax, Thomas E; Petagna, Anne

2013-03-01

327

The Spiritual Competency Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the development of the Spiritual Competency Scale, which was based on the Association for Spiritual, Ethical and Religious Values in Counseling's original Spiritual Competencies. Participants were 662 counseling students from religiously based and secular universities nationwide. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a 22-item,…

Robertson, Linda A.

2010-01-01

328

Civil Depth Perception: An Experiment in Competence Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the perception of the surface and deep dimensions of a society and its relation to competence. Participants were 117 students from various educational programs in a Swedish gymnasium who were exposed to videotaped projections of model societies on 2 occasions. They responded to 15 statements marking the degree of certainty…

Bierschenk, Inger

329

Competence Development Learning by Problem Solving. No. 74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A dialogue between two secondary school students engaged in solving a problem is the basis for the assertion that the students differ in their problem solving capabilities; that is, they reduce the complexity of the situation in different ways. The discussion also suggests that students do not use the same form of competence. They make sense of…

Bang, Jytte; Rasmussen, Ole Elstrup

330

Historical and Theoretical Development of Culturally Competent Social Work Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a detailed review of the historical and theoretical context in which culturally competent practice has evolved in the social work profession and enables educators and practitioners to see holistic connections between the past and present. Historical review of the inclusion of diversity content is followed by definitions of…

Kohli, Hermeet K.; Huber, Ruth; Faul, Anna C.

2010-01-01

331

Development of Competence in Dynamic Learning Environments. No. 79.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perspective Text Analysis is a way to measure competence by measuring the strategy of synthesizing, which intelligence tests or questionnaires cannot measure. This paper proposes the use of Perspective Text Analysis in the study of instructional materials. Perspective Text Analysis has been applied in various learning environments, and the results…

Bierschenk, Inger

332

Developing Teachers' Subject Didactic Competence through Problem Posing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem posing (not only in lesson planning but also directly in teaching whenever needed) is one of the attributes of a teacher's subject didactic competence. In this paper, problem posing in teacher education is understood as an educational and a diagnostic tool. The results of the study were gained in pre-service primary school teacher…

Ticha, Marie; Hospesova, Alena

2013-01-01

333

The ABCs for Pre-Service Teacher Cultural Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to combine pre-service teachers' self-reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross-cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre-service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact that…

He, Ye; Cooper, Jewell E.

2009-01-01

334

Developing Intercultural Competence through the Learning Community Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning Communities (LC) represent an alternative model of teaching and learning in higher education that can foster intercultural competence and knowledge. "Some of the distinctive features of LCs are that they are usually smaller than most units on campus, they help overcome the isolation of faculty members from one another and their students,…

Rivera-Mills, Susana V.

2010-01-01

335

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

336

Validation and Development of Competencies for Meeting Planners. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the entry-level requirements for meeting planners. The study benefited from the definition of the body of knowledge that had already been done for a professional meeting planner certificate by the Association of Professional Meeting Planners International. To document the competencies needed for an entry-level…

Walk, Mary H.

337

Developing a Professional Competence Model for Nursing Education. Final Report, Research Report Number Nine.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A generic competence model for effective nursing performance was developed and compared with nurses' perceptions of job elements that discriminate outstanding nursing performance and that are critical in the selection and education of nurses. The model is to be used to validate the nursing faculty's existing competence model for nursing education…

Mentkowski, Marcia; And Others

338

Blogging: Fostering Intercultural Competence Development in Foreign Language and Study Abroad Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An essential instructional goal in foreign language education is the enhancement of students' intercultural competence. This article reports on a study that examined how intercultural competence developed between study abroad and at home students (in Spain and the United States, respectively) who used blogs as a mediating tool over the course of a…

Elola, Idoia; Oskoz, Ana

2008-01-01

339

Organisation of English for Academic Purposes Activity for Developing Communicative Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals need communicative competence for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment. Aim of the research is to work out English for Academic Purposes activity organization model and its introducing sequence for promoting communicative competence. Content: the search for English for Academic…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2009-01-01

340

Feasibility Study for Paravetic Competency Development of Vocational Agriculture Teachers. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the feasibility of an animal health (paravetical) competency development inservice program for vocational agriculture teachers in Pennsylvania. Objectives were to identify the paravetic (paraveterinary medical) competencies needed by vocational agriculture teachers to teach high school students and adults via…

Evans, Donald E.

341

Developing Competence Profiles for Educators in Environmental Education Organisations in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study explores the meanings and possible merits of introducing competence profiles for enhancing professional development in the environmental education sector in the Netherlands. It presents the three most important environmental education jobs and their underlying competencies alongside their core professional challenges, as…

Wesselink, Renate; Wals, Arjen E. J.

2011-01-01

342

The Development of Academic Competence among Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the first three waves (Grades 5, 6, and 7) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, this study assessed if being a bully or being a victim accounts for an adolescent's academic competence, if selected contextual and individual variables impact an adolescent's academic competence, and if such impact differs in relation to an…

Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2009-01-01

343

Impact of Nursing Learning Environments on Adaptive Competency Development in Baccalaureate Nursing Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kolb's experiential learning theory was used as a framework to study 179 generic baccalaureate students' perceptions of the different types of learning environments and adaptive competencies. Clinical experience and preceptorships contributed more to competency development than did nursing or nonnursing classes. (JOW)

Laschinger, Heather K. Spence

1992-01-01

344

The Development of a Self-Assessment Instrument to Evaluate Selected Competencies of Continuing Education Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adult and continuing education practitioners must engage in continuing professional education as a means of developing and maintaining their professional competence. This paper reviews the literature on competencies for continuing educators and examines the strengths of existing instruments for continuing educators to self-assess their…

Sullivan, Sherry; Thompson, Gordon

2005-01-01

345

Learning Objects and the Development of Students' Key Competencies: A New Zealand School Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a study investigating the impact of the use of learning objects on the development of two key competencies from the revised New Zealand Curriculum Framework (Ministry of Education, 2007). It specifically focuses on the key competencies of "thinking" and "relating to others", and explores how teachers in an urban intermediate…

Falloon, Garry

2010-01-01

346

Excellence in School Nursing Practice: Developing a National Perspective on School Nurse Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing national standards for school nurse competencies can influence professional practice, student wellbeing, and achievement. Collaboration between national experts is key. Closely aligning work of the Southern Regional Education Board Council on Collegiate Education for Nursing on entry-level competencies with the "Standards of…

Bobo, Nichole; Adams, Virginia W.; Cooper, Leslie

2002-01-01

347

Sustained Attention and Social Competence in Typically Developing Preschool-Aged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study examines the relationship between sustained attention and social competence in preschool children. While studies demonstrate that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) exhibit poor social competence, less is known about typically developing children. Since children with ADHD have associated behavior…

Murphy, Laura M. Bennett; Laurie-Rose, Cynthia; Brinkman, Tara M.; McNamara, Kelly A.

2007-01-01

348

The effects of problem-based learning during medical school on physician competency: a systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Systematic reviews on the effects of problem- based learning have been limited to knowledge competency either during medical school or postgraduate training. We conducted a systematic review of evidence of the effects that problem-based learning during medical school had on physician competencies after graduation. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Databases, and the tables of contents of

G. C.-H. Koh; H. E. Khoo; M. L. Wong; D. Koh

2008-01-01

349

Competency-Based Certification: What Are the Key Issues? NEPTE Working Paper #6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a brief overview of competency-based teacher education (CBTE) and competency-based certification (CBC). The notion of requiring teachers to demonstrate certain skills is examined in the light of questions on its long-range validity and utility. The author cautions against overreliance on CBTE and CBC due to a number of these…

Pitman, John C.

350

Researching the Competence-Based Curriculum: Preface to a Case Study of Four Urban Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory article accompanies three further articles forming a case study research project undertaken to describe the experience of four urban secondary schools implementing a competence-based curriculum for students in their first year of secondary education. The nature of such competence-based curricula is discussed in the context of…

Downey, Christopher; Byrne, Jenny; Souza, Ana

2013-01-01

351

Adults' Perceptions of the Behavior of Competent and Dysfunctional Children Based on the Children's Physical Appearance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores adults' judgments of competent and dysfunctional children's behavioral adjustment based solely on children's physical appearance. Results, based on adults rating 12 photographs of preschoolers, indicate that dysfunctional children were easily distinguished from their competent peers. Dysfunctional children were rated as less attractive,…

Serketich, Wendy J.; Dumas, Jean E.

1997-01-01

352

Facilitating Evaluations of Innovative, Competence-Based Assessments: Creating Understanding and Involving Multiple Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are held more responsible for evaluating, quality assuring and improving their student assessments. Teachers' lack of understanding of new, competence-based assessments as well as the lack of key stakeholders' involvement, hamper effective and efficient self-evaluations by teachers of innovative, competence-based assessments (CBAs). While…

Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Biemans, Harm J. A.

2010-01-01

353

Competency-Based Vocational Education: Analysis of an Educational Bandwagon and Implications for Hawaii's Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a resource for administrators and faculty considering the implementation of competency-based vocational education (CBVE), this report addresses the theory and practice of CBVE, the pros and cons of a competency-based approach to instructional organization and delivery, and concerns about CBVE's appropriateness in Hawaii. After…

Polk, Barbara B.

354

Competencies for virtual teamwork: Developmentand validation of a web-based selection tool for members of distributed teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development and validation of the Virtual Team Competency Inventory (VTCI), an Internet-based measure for selection and placement of members in virtual teams, is described. Item selection was based on a conceptual model with three main categories (taskwork, teamwork, and telecooperation related KSAs) and 11 subscales. After an exploratory pilot study with 169 undergraduate students, 39 items remained in the

Guido Hertel; Udo Konradt; Katrin Voss

2006-01-01

355

Competency-Based Training, Global Skills Mobility and the Teaching of International Students in Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, all vocational education and training (VET) qualifications must be based on competency-based training (CBT) and training packages. Yet, since 2005, there has been a major expansion in the number of VET international students in Australia, 85% of whom are from Asia. Given this development, the teaching and learning contexts in which…

Tran, Ly Thi; Nyland, Chris

2013-01-01

356

Students' Personal Professional Theories in Competence-Based Vocational Education: The Construction of Personal Knowledge through Internalisation and Socialisation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based vocational education is based on a constructivist learning paradigm, where the development of students' personal professional knowledge is emphasised. However, there is a lack of insight into how students construct their own professional knowledge and what the content and nature of personal professional knowledge is. This article…

Schaap, H.; de Bruijn, E.; Van der Schaaf, M. F.; Kirschner, P. A.

2009-01-01

357

Examining the Practice of Critical Reflection for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Multicultural Competencies: Findings from a Study Abroad Program in Honduras  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a critical need in teacher preparation, study abroad programs aimed at developing multicultural competencies in pre-service teachers have proliferated across the United States. Multicultural competencies constitute the ability to challenge misconceptions that lead to discrimination based on cultural difference, reflect on one's…

Sharma, Suniti; Phillion, JoAnn; Malewski, Erik

2011-01-01

358

Competency-based curricular design to encourage significant learning.  

PubMed

Most significant learning (SL) experiences produce long-lasting learning experiences that meaningfully change the learner?s thinking, feeling, and/or behavior. Most significant teaching experiences involve strong connections with the learner and recognition that the learner felt changed by the teaching effort. L. Dee Fink in Creating Significant Learning Experiences: An Integrated Approach to Designing College Course defines six kinds of learning goals: Foundational Knowledge, Application, Integration, Human Dimension, Caring, and Learning to Learn. SL occurs when learning experiences promote interaction between the different kinds of goals, for example, acquiring knowledge alone is not enough, but when paired with a learning experience, such as an effective patient experience as in Caring, then significant (and lasting) learning occurs. To promote SL, backward design principles that start with clearly defined learning goals and the context of the situation of the learner are particularly effective. Emphasis on defining assessment methods prior to developing teaching/learning activities is the key: this ensures that assessment (where the learner should be at the end of the educational activity/process) drives instruction and that assessment and learning/instruction are tightly linked so that assessment measures a defined outcome (competency) of the learner. Employing backward design and the AAMC?s MedBiquitous standard vocabulary for medical education can help to ensure that curricular design and redesign efforts effectively enhance educational program quality and efficacy, leading to improved patient care. Such methods can promote successful careers in health care for learners through development of self-directed learning skills and active learning, in ways that help learners become fully committed to lifelong learning and continuous professional development. PMID:24981665

Hurtubise, Larry; Roman, Brenda

2014-07-01

359

Where do we go from here? Moving from systems-based practice process measures to true competency via developmental milestones  

PubMed Central

For many educators it has been challenging to meet the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's requirements for teaching systems-based practice (SBP). An additional layer of complexity for educators is evaluating competency in SBP, despite milestones and entrustable professional activities (EPAs). In order to address this challenge, the authors present the results of a literature review for how SBP is currently being taught and a series of recommendations on how to achieve competency in SBP for graduate medical trainees with the use of milestones. The literature review included 29 articles and demonstrated that only 28% of the articles taught more than one of the six core principles of SBP in a meaningful way. Only 7% of the articles received the highest grade of A. The authors summarize four guiding principles for creating a competency-based curriculum that is in alignment with the Next Accreditation System (NAS): 1) the curriculum needs to include all of the core principles in that competency, 2) the objectives of the curriculum should be driven by clinical outcomes, 3) the teaching modalities need to be interactive and clinically relevant, and 4) the evaluation process should be able to measure competency and be directly reflective of pertinent milestones and/or EPAs. This literature review and the provided guiding principles can guide other residency educators in their development of competency-based curricula that meets the standards of the NAS.

Martinez, Johanna; Phillips, Erica; Harris, Christina

2014-01-01

360

The Region V Conference on Competency Based Teacher Education (Midland Hotel, Chicago, Illinois, March 11-13, 1975). Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of a regional conference on Competency Based Teacher Education (CBTE) held to allow the six States in Region V (Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin) to share information about vocational personnel development activities and programs, consists primarily of 12 conference papers: (1) Personnel Development in…

Appelgate, William K.; Weaver, Marita A.

361

The Role of Students' Personality Characteristics, Self-Perceived Competence and Learning Conceptions in the Acquisition and Development of Social Communicative Competence: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important purpose of higher social work education is to guide students to acquire and develop social-communicative competencies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role students' personality characteristics, self-perceived communicative competence and learning conceptions play in the acquisition and development of…

Bakx, A. W. E. A.; Van der Sanden, J. M. M.; Sijtsma, K.; Croon, M. A.; Vermetten, Y. J. M.

2006-01-01

362

The neural bases of key competencies of emotional intelligence  

PubMed Central

Emotional intelligence (EI) refers to a set of competencies that are essential features of human social life. Although the neural substrates of EI are virtually unknown, it is well established that the prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays a crucial role in human social-emotional behavior. We studied a unique sample of combat veterans from the Vietnam Head Injury Study, which is a prospective, long-term follow-up study of veterans with focal penetrating head injuries. We administered the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test as a valid standardized psychometric measure of EI behavior to examine two key competencies of EI: (i) Strategic EI as the competency to understand emotional information and to apply it for the management of the self and of others and (ii) Experiential EI as the competency to perceive emotional information and to apply it for the integration into thinking. The results revealed that key competencies underlying EI depend on distinct neural PFC substrates. First, ventromedial PFC damage diminishes Strategic EI, and therefore, hinders the understanding and managing of emotional information. Second, dorsolateral PFC damage diminishes Experiential EI, and therefore, hinders the perception and integration of emotional information. In conclusion, EI should be viewed as complementary to cognitive intelligence and, when considered together, provide a more complete understanding of human intelligence.

Krueger, Frank; Barbey, Aron K.; McCabe, Kevin; Strenziok, Maren; Zamboni, Giovanna; Solomon, Jeffrey; Raymont, Vanessa; Grafman, Jordan

2009-01-01

363

Promoting Young Children's Social Competence through the Preschool PATHS Curriculum and MyTeachingPartner Professional Development Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research Findings: Children's (n = 980) social competence during prekindergarten was assessed as a function of their teachers' (n = 233) exposure to the Preschool Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) curriculum and 2 levels of support through MyTeachingPartner, a Web-based approach to professional development. Children in classrooms…

Hamre, Bridget K.; Pianta, Robert C.; Mashburn, Andrew J.; Downer, Jason T.

2012-01-01

364

A Framework for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Competencies in Using Technologies to Enhance Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a framework for developing pre-service teachers' competencies in using technologies to enhance teaching and learning. It focuses on building the capacity of teacher education institutions (TEI) based on six strategic dimensions: (1) vision and philosophy; (2) program; (3) professional learning of deans, teacher educators and…

Lim, Cher Ping; Chai, Ching Sing; Churchill, Daniel

2011-01-01

365

Performance-Based Thinking and Training for Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses five job behavior functions viewed as necessary for practicing performance-based thinking in instructional development activities. Functions examined include the abilities to plan to perform a job, execute a task, monitor or control execution, troubleshoot, and evaluate. (MER)

Rakow, Joel

1982-01-01

366

Project Plan: Web-Based Assessment of Screener Competency.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project plan describes the development of a web-based On-the-Job Training test and Screener Multi-faceted Assessment Recurrent Test to assess checkpoint screener X-ray image interpretation skills.

S. B. Morgan

2001-01-01

367

An Evaluation Model for Competency Based Teacher Preparatory Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion describes an evaluation model designed to complement a curriculum development project, the primary goal of which is to structure a performance based program for preservice teachers. Data collected from the implementation of this four-phase model can be used to make decisions for developing and changing performance objectives and…

Denton, Jon J.

368

Provide Systematic Guidance Services. Module LT-C-2 of Category C--Student Services. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of student services. The purpose of the module is to help the administrator develop skill in defining the broad conceptualization of student services,…

Puleo, Nancy F.; And Others

369

Maintain School Discipline. Module LT-C-3 of Category C--Student Services. Competency-Based Vocational Education Administrator Module Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one in a series of competency-based administrator instructional packages, focuses on a specific competency that vocational education administrators need to be successful in the area of student services. The purpose of the module is to help the administrator develop skill in creating a climate conducive to discipline and in instituting…

Harrington, Lois G.; And Others

370

Competency-Based Vocational Education: What It Means to Industry in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current crisis in education, coupled with the changing work force and changing business needs in the 1990s, poses a challenge for vocational education. Competency-based vocational education needs to evaluate its competencies to see if training graduates to meet them will serve the needs of the new work situation and keep the United States…

Wilson, Patricia A.

371

Pedagogy and Competency-Based Education. Paper No. 3, Series of 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction to this paper considers competency-based education, the goals of education, and the need for some social indicators of how well students are meeting these goals. The main body of the paper looks at competency differences, instructional approaches, and educational research in several areas: focus of new research; natural…

McClelland, David C.; And Others

372

Supporting Self-Regulated Personalised Learning through Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents two current research trends in e-learning that at first sight appear to compete. Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory (CBKST) provides a knowledge representation framework which, since its invention by Doignon & Falmagne, has been successfully applied in various e-learning systems (for example, Adaptive Learning with…

Steiner, Christina M.; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Albert, Dietrich

2009-01-01

373

Universities as Responsive Learning Organizations through Competency-Based Assessment with Electronic Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities should embrace democratic values. Using electronic portfolios, competency-based assessment can enact them. Rather than preset standards, competencies become boundary objects connecting individual student experience to community conversation about what it means to be educated. This article examines this approach in practice at New…

Cambridge, Darren

2008-01-01

374

Hotel-Motel Occupations: Hotel-Motel Clerk. Front Office Manager. Competency-Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A teacher's guide and student curriculum are provided for a hotel-motel occupations competency-based education curriculum designed to facilitate the learning of skills for front office clerks and managers. The teacher's guide contains an explanation of the curriculum and suggested usage, a list of competencies by job title, evaluation aids,…

McKinney, L. S.

375

Understanding public health informatics competencies for mid-tier public health practitioners: a web-based survey.  

PubMed

The literature suggests that there is a need for measuring public health informatics (PHI) competency to further understand whether current educational modules and modalities meet the needs of PHI practitioners and researchers to perform their jobs more effectively, particularly for mid-tier practitioners that constitute the majority of public health workers in the USA. The present study seeks to update current knowledge of the perceptions and experiences of PHI competencies proposed by the U.S. Council on Linkage in Public Health specifically for mid-tier PH practitioners and researchers. The results were collected and analyzed by using a Web-based survey (WBS) method administered among both practitioners and researchers. Researchers first compiled a draft list of candidate competency set by incorporating existing competency areas provided by: 1) the Council on Linkage; and by 2) those proposed by the USA's Centers for Disease Control CDC Public Health Informatics Work Group. Nine sets of competency statements with 120 competency items and demographic information of respondents were included in the WBS. The online survey instruments were pilot-tested accordingly to incorporate feedback from respondents of the pilot. Fifty-six subjects were recruited from PH experts who were: 1) members of the Health Informatics Information Technology (HIIT) group of American Public Health Association; and, 2) members from the Community of Science (COS) Website who were the first authors published in the PHI field from PubMed. The sample included diverse backgrounds of PHI workers. They expressed an increased need for training to improve their PHI competencies. Respondents agreed that four competency sets should be adequately represented, including Leadership and System Thinking Skills (82%), followed by Financial Planning and Management Skills (79%), Community Dimensions of Practice Skills (77%), and Policy Development/Program Planning Skills (63%). The findings parallel current literature indicating that there exists an expressed need for clarification of the public health practitioner's job-specific informatics competency. Findings of expressed needs for basic computer literacy training and community-based practice were consistent with those of the literature. Additional training and resources should be allocated to address the competency of leadership, management, community-based practice and policy advocacy skills for mid-tier public health practitioners to perform their jobs more effectively. Only when healthcare organizations properly identify PHI competency needs will public health practitioners likely improve their overall informatics skills while improving diversification for contribution across multiple settings. PMID:22447878

Hsu, Chiehwen Ed; Dunn, Kim; Juo, Hsin-Hsuan; Danko, Rick; Johnson, Drew; Mas, Francisco Soto; Sheu, Jiunn-Jye

2012-03-01

376

Training for Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a framework for competency-based training focused on the importance of training the person responsible for implementing staff development programs. Suggests Kolb's experiential learning model as a vehicle for instilling competencies that overcome difficulties with many traditional, single modality approaches to training. (JOW)

Sims, Ronald R.; And Others

1989-01-01

377

Competency Assessment Study Based on IPCA-Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper puts forward a competency appraisal measure: IPCA-Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation, which applies the Improved Principal Component Analysis, combines the Multiple Linear Regression with the Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation. Finally, progressing example-demonstrated, explicating the application and maneuverability of IPCA-Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation in job appraisal and performance appraisal.

Zhang Zhaojun; Qin Xiao; Li Xiaoqing

2010-01-01

378

A Design for Competency-Based Education of Typewriting Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research of Hebert, with regard to the competencies that teachers of beginning typewriting should have, is translated into a format thought to be useful to the teacher educator. A list of performance goals and objectives that might be used in typewriting methods program is included. (Author/HD)

Soskis, Mosetta S.

1976-01-01

379

QAM: A Competency Based Need Assessment Methodology and Computer Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A needs assessment methodology is described which can be used (1) to assess the competencies required for functioning in a particular position, (2) to provide data for planning inservice and preservice educational programs, (3) to assess job performance, and (4) to provide information for personnel planners. Quadrants are formed using four…

Gale, Larrie E.

380

Competency-Based Community Education Administration. Volume I: The Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A need for research and development in community education competencies was the impetus of this study. Community educators identified and field tested competencies determined to be essential in four community education roles: superintendent, district coordinator, principal, and building level director. Results showed that participants in this…

Miller, Brian P.; And Others

381

A Skill-Based Model of Emotional Competence: A Developmental Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defining emotional competence as the demonstration of self-efficacy in emotion-eliciting social transactions, this paper presents a model of emotional competence that explores the factors and skills contributing to the development of a mature emotional response that supports an individual's social goals. The paper first describes the primary…

Saarni, Carolyn

382

Effect of Selected Antibiotics and Other Inhibitors on Competence Development in Haemophilus Influenzae.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effect of streptomycin, penicillin, polymyxin, chloramphenicol, novobiocin, erythromycin, D-cycloserine, 8-azaguanine, and 6-azauracil on competence development in Haemophilus influenzae was studied. D-cycloserine and 6-azauracil had no inhibitory eff...

J. M. Ranhand H. C. Lichstein

1968-01-01

383

Competencies of Leaders and Managers in Educational Research and Development. Independent Research and Development Project Reports. Report No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report clarifies pilot efforts which address new problem areas in educational needs. The project was initiated to determine the specific competencies essential to the management of educational projects in research and development. The goals of the project were to establish a profile of identified competencies for use in planning the content…

DeAnda, Natividad

384

Development of an evaluation framework suitable for assessing humanitarian workforce competencies during crisis simulation exercises.  

PubMed

The need to provide a professionalization process for the humanitarian workforce is well established. Current competency-based curricula provided by existing academically affiliated training centers in North America, the United Kingdom, and the European Union provide a route toward certification. Simulation exercises followed by timely evaluation is one way to mimic the field deployment process, test knowledge of core competences, and ensure that a competent workforce can manage the inevitable emergencies and crises they will face. Through a 2011 field-based exercise that simulated a humanitarian crisis, delivered under the auspices of the World Health Organization (WHO), a competency-based framework and evaluation tool is demonstrated as a model for future training and evaluation of humanitarian providers. PMID:24429109

Cranmer, Hilarie; Chan, Jennifer L; Kayden, Stephanie; Musani, Altaf; Gasquet, Philippe E; Walker, Peter; Burkle, Frederick M; Johnson, Kirsten

2014-02-01

385

Designing a Competency-Based Program in Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine for the Professional Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A five-day workshop was successful in fulfilling its prime objective, development of a competency-based curriculum for veterinary public health and preventive medicine (VPH & PM). The model now may be used to re-evaluate and, where necessary, revise existing curriculums. (LBH)

Selby, Lloyd A.; And Others

1976-01-01

386

Monitor Student Progress and Maintain Student Records. Self-Instructional Competency-Based Professional Teacher Training Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is part of a series of self-instructional teacher training manuals designed to assist vocational-technical educators or industrial trainers to develop and implement competency-based vocational education (CBVE) programs in a school or industrial setting. The manual consists of the following sections: cover page that contains the…

Dimmlich, David; Oen, Urban T., Ed.

387

National Vocational Qualifications, Scottish Vocational Qualifications and Competence-based Education and Training: From de Ville to Beaumont.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the 10-year development of competency-based education and training as manifested in National Vocational Qualifications in Britain. Argues that both promoters and critics are guilty of wild claims and excesses, but suggests that opponents have misinterpreted the original ideas. (SK)

Franklin, Kenneth

1997-01-01

388

A Guide to Task Analysis for Competency Based Education. Trade and Technical Programs. Task Linkage Project Publication No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through synthesis and review of existing task analysis literature, this guide lists tasks expected to be performed by workers in nine trade and industrial occupations and presents information for incorporating these tasks into articulated secondary and postsecondary competency based vocational education programs. Task listings are…

Georgia State Univ., Atlanta. School of Education.

389

Write Proposals. Module CG B-2 of Category B--Supporting. Competency-Based Career Guidance Modules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is intended to help guidance personnel in a variety of educational and agency settings plan and develop successful proposals to assist in financing the improvement of existing or future career guidance programs. The module is one of a series of competency-based guidance program training packages focusing upon specific professional and…

Gustafson, Richard A.

390

Development and Psychometric Testing of the Suicide Caring Competence Scale (SCCS) for Family Caregivers in Taiwan.  

PubMed

Suicide caring competence is important for family caregivers to care their relatives with suicidal tendencies. The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Suicide Caring Competence Scale (SCCS) for family caregivers in Taiwan. A 20-item SCCS was tested on 165 family caregivers. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that five subscales with 19 items best fit the data. The Cronbach's ? and test-retest reliability of the SCCS was 0.90 and 0.81, respectively. The SCCS demonstrated acceptable construct validity and reliability. Nurses can use the SCCS to assess the suicide caring competence of family caregivers. PMID:25017563

Sun, Fan-Ko; Chiang, Chun-Ying; Chen, Wei-Jen; Wang, Ruey-Hsia; Huang, Hui-Man; Lin, Hung-Yen

2014-08-01

391

Turf Identification. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compentency-based curriculum unit on turf identification is one of four developed for classroom use in teaching the turf and lawn services area of horticulture. The three sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered include…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

392

Adult Competency Education Kit. Basic Skills in Speaking, Math, and Reading for Employment. Part G. ACE Competency Based Job Descriptions: #22--Refrigerator Mechanic; #24--Motorcycle Repairperson.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fourth of fifteen sets of Adult Competency Education (ACE) Competency Based Job Descriptions in the ACE kit contains job descriptions for Refrigerator Mechanic and Motorcycle Repairperson. Each begins with a fact sheet that includes this information: occupational title, D.O.T. code, ACE number, career ladder, D.O.T. general educational…

San Mateo County Office of Education, Redwood City, CA. Career Preparation Centers.

393

Columbia University's Competency and Evidence-based Acute Care Nurse Practitioner Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Columbia University's acute care nurse practitioner curriculum incorporates evaluation strategies and standards to assess clinical competence and foster evidence-based practice. The curriculum consists of four core courses, supporting sciences, and specialty courses. (Contains 17 references.) (SK)

Curran, Christine R.; Roberts, W. Dan

2002-01-01

394

Core competence for sustainable competitive advantage: a structured methodology for identifying core competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Core competencies are the crown jewels of a company and, therefore, should be carefully nurtured and developed. Companies can determine their future business directions based on the strengths of competencies. However, because generalized terms such as resource, asset, capability, and competence are not clearly explained in connection with competence theory, these posing difficulties in understanding many contemporary management concepts. In

Khalid Hafeez; YanBing Zhang; Naila Malak

2002-01-01

395

A Framework for a Competency Based Medical Curriculum in Saudi Arabia  

PubMed Central

Background: We recently adopted a competency based curriculum based on the CanMEDs model. This shift required the cross-mapping of all key CanMEDs competencies with the competencies for higher education in Saudi Arabia as per the Saudi National Commission for Academic Accreditation & Assessment (NCAAA) guidelines. Objectives: To formulate competencies for our curriculum and to create a framework aligned with NCAAA, CanMEDs and Saudi Meds. Methods: After finalization of program outcomes, the program goals were cross-mapped with CanMEDs and Saudi Meds competencies and then the CanMEDs competencies were reverse mapped with our outcomes. Finally benchmarking of outcomes with the programs of the Universities of Manitoba and Toronto was done. Results: We were able to cross-map and match major outcomes of our program with both the CanMEDs and the Saudi Meds frameworks, ensuring that the outcomes are in line with NCAAA, CanMEDs and Saud Meds. Also, our program objectives were bench marked with two of the Canadian medical schools. Conclusion: We propose that our framework can be a model for other universities in Saudi Arabia to consider when shifting to a competency based curriculum.

Al Bu Ali, Waleed Hamad; Balaha, Magdy Hassan; Kaliyadan, Feroze; Bahgat, Mohamed; Aboulmagd, Elsayed

2013-01-01

396

Evidence-based medicine: discrepancy between perceived competence and actual performance among graduating medical students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since at the time of graduation from medical school physicians are expected to demonstrate adequate professional competence including mastery of critical appraisal skills, we conducted a preliminary, cross-sectional, web-based study to examine the extent to which fourth year medical students in the US are competent in core areas of evidence-based medicine (EBM). Using self-assessment instruments, subjects (n ¼150) were asked

Opher Caspi; Patrick Mcknight; Lillian Kruse; Victoria Cunningham; Aurelio Jose Figueredo; Lee Sechrest

2006-01-01

397

Building Intercultural Competence through Intercultural Competency Certification of Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Intercultural Competency Certificate (CCI in Spanish) designed for the Universidad Popular Autonoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP University) is a theory based comprehensive plan to develop undergraduate students' intercultural competence. This Certificate is based in the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) developed by…

Janeiro, Maria G. Fabregas; Fabre, Ricardo Lopez; Nuno de la Parra, Jose Pablo

2014-01-01

398

Mathematics Improvement Component: Elementary Computer Assisted Instruction Program, Elementary Competency Based Education Program, and Middle School Competency Based Education Program. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mathematics Improvement Component (MIC) was first implemented in the Columbus (Ohio) Public Schools in 1987-88 to assist elementary and middle school pupils who were low achievers in mathematics. Three programs comprised the 1989-90 MIC: the Elementary Computer Assisted Instruction (Elem-CAI) Program, the Elementary Competency Based Education…

Gibbons, Michael

399

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Combination Welding. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on combination welding. This program is designed to run 28 weeks and cover 11 instructional areas: operation of oxyacetylene equipment, oxyacetylene track torch, related equipment, Beverly shears for strip steel, portable welding equipment,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

400

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Machine Trades. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on machine trades. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 6 instructional areas: use of measuring tools; benchwork/tool bit grinding; lathe work; milling work; precision grinding; and combination machine work. A duty-task index…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

401

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Clerical Clusters. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on clerical occupations. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 10 instructional areas: beginning typing, typing I, typing II, duplicating, receptionist activities, general office procedures, operation of electronic calculator,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

402

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Food Service. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on food service. This program is designed to run 24 weeks and cover 15 instructional areas: orientation, sanitation, management/planning, preparing food for cooking, preparing beverages, cooking eggs, cooking meat, cooking vegetables,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

403

Behavioral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Behavioral competence is delineated in terms of four parameters: (a) Moral and Social Knowledge, (b) Social Skills, (c) Positive Characters and Positive Attributes, and (d) Behavioral Decision Process and Action Taking. Since Ma's other papers in this special issue have already discussed the moral and social knowledge as well as the social skills associated in detail, this paper focuses on the last two parameters. It is hypothesized that the following twelve positive characters are highly related to behavioral competence: humanity, intelligence, courage, conscience, autonomy, respect, responsibility, naturalness, loyalty, humility, assertiveness, and perseverance. Large-scale empirical future studies should be conducted to substantiate the predictive validity of the complete set of these positive characters. The whole judgment and behavioral decision process is constructed based on the information processing approach. The direction of future studies should focus more on the complex input, central control, and output subprocesses and the interactions among these sub-processes. The understanding of the formation of behavior is crucial to whole-person education and positive youth development.

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

404

Development of a NASA Integrated Technical Workforce Career Development Model Entitled Requisite Occupation Competencies and Knowledge -- the ROCK  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper shares the findings of NASA's Integrated Learning and Development Program (ILDP) in its effort to reinvigorate the HANDS-ON practice of space systems engineering and project/program management through focused coursework, training opportunities, on-the job learning and special assignments. Prior to March 2005, NASA responsibility for technical workforce development (the program/project manager, systems engineering, discipline engineering, discipline engineering and associated communities) was executed by two parallel organizations. In March 2005 these organizations merged. The resulting program-ILDP-was chartered to implement an integrated competency-based development model capable of enhancing NASA's technical workforce performance as they face the complex challenges of Earth science, space science, aeronautics and human spaceflight missions. Results developed in collaboration with NASA Field Centers are reported on. This work led to definition of the agency's first integrated technical workforce development model known as the Requisite Occupation Competence and Knowledge (the ROCK). Critical processes and products are presented including: 'validation' techniques to guide model development, the Design-A-CUrriculuM (DACUM) process, and creation of the agency's first systems engineering body-of-knowledge. Findings were validated via nine focus groups from industry and government, validated with over 17 space-related organizations, at an estimated cost exceeding $300,000 (US). Masters-level programs and training programs have evolved to address the needs of these practitioner communities based upon these results. The ROCK reintroduced rigor and depth to the practitioner's development in these critical disciplines enabling their ability to take mission concepts from imagination to reality.

Menrad, Robert J.; Larson, Wiley J.

2008-01-01

405

Teacher Education Redesign: Competencies in Educational Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This brief description of the development of competency-based teacher education (CBTE) programs at the University of Toledo emphasizes the analysis of the kinds of competencies in educational technology most needed by preservice teachers and the interdisc...

K. E. Bernhard

1979-01-01

406

NAIT CPD. Competency Profile Development: A Systems Approach for Program Review Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Engineering Technologies Division of the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) in Canada has developed a systems approach to program review called Competency Profile Development (CPD). This approach utilizes a combination of organizational communication, project management, management-by-objectives, a modified Developing A Curriculum…

Dhariwal, Mave

407

The Concept of Competence in the Development of Vocational Education and Training in Selected EU Member States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution reviews how four European countries--England, Germany, France and the Netherlands--use the concept of competence in the process of developing vocational education and training. Competence in England is set in the context of the National Vocational Qualifications; in Germany within action competence and the approach to learning…

Weigel, Tanja; Mulder, Martin; Collins, Kate

2007-01-01

408

The effectiveness of an educational programme for nursing students on developing competence in the provision of spiritual care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim. To determine the effects of a course for nursing students on developing competence in spiritual care and the factors that might influence the effects. Background. Studies suggest that role preparation in nursing for spiritual care is poor. For the assessment of competence, few or no explicit competency framework or assessment tools seemed to be used. Design. Quasi-experimental crossover design

René van Leeuwen; Lucas J Tiesinga; Berrie Middel; Doeke Post; Henk Jochemsen

2008-01-01

409

Development of a New O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Tool and Examination of Validity and Reliability Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study was to create an evaluation tool that would be the new standard for evaluating clinical competencies of interns in the field of orientation and mobility (O&M). Using results from previous research in this area, specific competency skills were identified and the O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Matrix (CCEM) was developed.…

Renshaw, Rebecca L.

2010-01-01

410

Exploring Leadership Competencies in Established and Aspiring Physician Leaders: An Interview-based Study  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives Academic health care institutions have become interested in understanding and supporting current leaders and preparing leaders for the future. We designed this exploratory study to better understand specific perceived leadership needs of physicians from the perspective of “aspiring” and “established” leaders within our institution. Design A qualitative, inductive, structured interview-based design was used to examine the study questions. Participants A purposeful sample of current and aspiring leaders was obtained, sampling across specialties and levels of leadership. Interventions All participants were interviewed by the same investigator (CT). Five open-ended questions were developed as prompts. Two of the investigators independently analyzed the transcripts, using an open coding method to identify themes within the narratives. Inter-observer comparisons were made and discrepancies were resolved through discussion. Results Four themes emerged from analyzing the responses to our questions. Aspiring and established leaders agreed that “knowledge”, “people skills” or emotional intelligence, and “vision” were all characteristics of effective leaders and critical to the success of aspiring leaders. Established leaders in our sample added a characteristic of “organizational orientation” that extended the description of “leaders” to include an understanding of the institution as well as dedication to its success (a trait we have called “organizational altruism”). Conclusions Our findings validate others’ regarding leadership competencies while extending these findings to the specific context of health care and physicians. Important implications for curricular design include: inclusion of emotional intelligence competencies and reducing formal didactics in favor of programs that are both interactive and problem-based.

Taylor, Jay C.; Stoller, James K.

2008-01-01

411

Development of an international interdisciplinary course: a strategy to promote cultural competence and collaboration.  

PubMed

Now, more than ever, nurses are practicing in settings in which cultural competence and teamwork are essential to providing quality care. The expectation that nurses provide effective care across varied population groups highlights the need for attainment of cultural competency by baccalaureate nursing graduates. Nursing programs must develop strategies to address this educational need. In this article, the authors share their experiences in the development of an international interdisciplinary course that combined academic service learning with cultural immersion to promote the development of cultural competence and collaboration among students. By developing an interdisciplinary course that is of interest to a wide range of students, faculty can be successful in providing an opportunity for students with varied career paths to be better prepared to live and work in the world's global community. PMID:22964472

Smit, Eileen M; Tremethick, Mary Jane

2013-03-01

412

A role for workforce competencies in evidence-based health promotion education.  

PubMed

Education programs should be based on research about the knowledge and skills required for practice, rather than on intuition or tradition, but there is limited published curriculum research on health promotion education. This paper describes a case study of how workforce competencies have been used to assist evidence-based health promotion education in the areas of curriculum design, selection of assessment tasks and continuous quality assurance processes in an undergraduate program at an Australian university. A curriculum-competency mapping process successfully identified gaps and areas of overlap in an existing program. Previously published health promotion workforce competencies were effectively used in the process of selecting assessment items, providing clear guidelines for curriculum revision and a useful method to objectively assess competency content in an evidence informed framework. These health promotion workforce competencies constituted an additional tool to assess course quality. We recommend other tertiary institutions consider curriculum-competency mapping and curriculum based assessment selection as quality and evidence based curriculum review strategies. PMID:17526321

Talbot, Lyn; Graham, Melissa; James, Erica L

2007-01-01

413

A competency model for general practice: implications for selection, training, and development.  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: The role of the general practitioner (GP) has changed significantly over the past decade. This problem is compounded by growing concern over postgraduate attrition rates from medicine, with current estimates as high as 19%. AIM: To define a comprehensive model of the competencies required for the job role of GP. METHOD: Three independent studies were conducted to define GP competencies including (1) critical incidents focus groups with GPs, (2) behavioural coding of GP-patient consultations, and (3) critical incidents interviews with patients. Study 1 was conducted with GPs (n = 35) from the Trent region. Study 2 involved observation of GP-patient consultations (n = 33 consultations), and Study 3 was conducted with patients (n = 21), all from a Midlands-based medical practice. RESULTS: The data collected from the three studies provided strong evidence for a competency model comprising 11 categories with a summary of the associated behavioural descriptions. Example competencies included empathy and sensitivity, communication skills, clinical knowledge and expertise, conceptual thinking, and coping with pressure. CONCLUSIONS: Triangulation of results was achieved from three independent studies. The competencies derived imply that a greater account of personal attributes needs to be considered in recruitment and training, rather than focusing on academic and clinical competency alone. The model could be employed for future research in design of selection techniques for the role of GP.

Patterson, F; Ferguson, E; Lane, P; Farrell, K; Martlew, J; Wells, A

2000-01-01

414

A competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge using the Essential Bronchoscopist: An initial concept study  

PubMed Central

Background and objective Competency-based training and assessment are increasingly replacing the traditional structure- and process-based model of medical education. The web-based Essential Bronchoscopist (EB) is an open access, laddered, competency-based curriculum of question-answer sets pertaining to basic bronchoscopic knowledge, accessible in five languages. The purpose of this study was to use consensus to evaluate whether question-answer sets (items) from the EB could provide material from which to devise competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge that could be used in countries with different health-care environments. Methods Ten junior and five senior bronchoscopists in Argentina and the USA were asked to identify the material in each of the 186 items of the EB as either ‘not necessary’, ‘necessary’ or ‘absolutely necessary’ for inclusion in a competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge. The kappa statistic was used to analyse inter-rater agreement. Results More than 80% of the 30 participants rated 150 of 186 items as necessary or absolutely necessary. Seventy items were rated as absolutely necessary by more than 50% of participants and as necessary or absolutely necessary by more than 90%. There was no statistically significant difference between items selected, based on level of training or environment of practice. Conclusion Consensus among junior and senior bronchoscopists from two culturally different health-care environments demonstrated that question-answer sets from the EB can be used to provide material for competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge.

DAVOUDI, Mohsen; QUADRELLI, Silvia; OSANN, Kathryn; COLT, Henri G.

2014-01-01

415

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN AND ASSESSMENT Instrumentation for Comparing Student and Faculty Perceptions of Competency-based Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives.Tocompare student and faculty perceptions of the delivery and achievement of professional competencies in a doctor of pharmacy program in order to provide data for both accountability and curricular improvement purposes. Design.A survey instrument was designed based oncurrentlearning theory, and 76specific competency statements generated from mission and goal statements of The Ohio State University College of Pharmacy and the Center

Katherine A. Kelley; Ada Demb

416

Competing fatigue mechanisms in Nickel-base superalloy Rene 88DT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nickel base superalloys exhibit superior high temperature mechanical properties required for aircraft engine components. It has been known that the processing of these alloys by the powder metallurgy route introduces inclusions inside the material. The presence of such inclusions often leads to competing failure modes in fatigue that is described by a step-wise or two distinct S-N curves involving both the surface and internally-initiated cracks, resulting in large uncertainties of fatigue life. A clear understanding of such behavior is yet to be established. The principal objective of this research is to examine the effect of inclusions on the extent of fatigue failure competition from surface and internal initiators at two different specimen test volumes. Experimental fatigue testing has been performed to explore how the presence of inclusions affects the competing fatigue failure modes. In addition, how the competing failure modes will behave with changes in the specimen size was also studied. Two groups of material each with two different specimen sizes were used in this study. It has been shown that the two crack initiation mechanisms occurred in the small unseeded Rene 88DT specimens tested at 650ºC over the stress range tested. Additionally, the fatigue lives were reduced with increase in specimen volume. All fatigue failures in seeded material occurred due to crack initiations from the seeded inclusions. In the fatigue life of seeded material, two competing and separate S-N curves were found in small test volume, whereas, in the large test volume, the regions were separated by a "step" in S-N curve. It has been found that the largest inclusion size observed in metallographic surfaces was smaller than the size determined from the fatigue failure origin. An analysis method based on extreme value statistics developed by Murakami was used to predict the largest size of inclusion in the test volume. The results of this study clearly show that competition for fatigue failure between surface and internal initiations is affected by inclusion content and specimen volume. Extreme value statistics is capable of predicting the largest inclusion that can start fatigue failure, even if the inclusion is not seen in microscopy

Chang, Paul N.

417

GDF11 Controls the Timing of Progenitor Cell Competence in Developing Retina  

Microsoft Academic Search

The orderly generation of cell types in the developing retina is thought to be regulated by changes in the competence of multipotent progenitors. Here, we show that a secreted factor, growth and differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), controls the numbers of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), as well as amacrine and photoreceptor cells, that form during development. GDF11 does not affect proliferation

Joon Kim; Hsiao-Huei Wu; Arthur D. Lander; Karen M. Lyons; Martin M. Matzuk; Anne L. Calof

2005-01-01

418

Development of a Competency Framework for Quality Improvement in Family Medicine: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive framework of quality improvement competencies for use in continuing professional development (CPD) and continuing medical education (CME) for European general practice/family medicine physicians (GPs/FDs). Methods: The study was carried out in three phases: literature review,…

Czabanowska, Katarzyna; Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika; Potter, Amanda; Rochfort, Andree; Tomasik, Tomasz; Csiszar, Judit; Van den Bussche, Piet

2012-01-01

419

Competence for Children's Sake: Summary Report of a Research Project on the Child Development Associate Credential.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes a research project on the Child Development Associate (CDA) assessment and credentialing system. The issues covered in the report fall under two general categories: validity (the ability of the CDA assessment/credential system to identify competent child care staff) and career development potential (the benefits of the CDA…

Pettygrove, Willa Bowman

420

Perceptions of Personal Agency and Infant Attachment: Toward a Life-Span Perspective on Competence Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sketches the outlines of a life-span perspective on competence development, which focuses on beliefs about one's potential for producing desirable outcomes. The concern is with the nature and implications of individual differences in perceptions of personal agency and likely origins and development of the perceptions in the early years. (Author/BB)

Ford, Martin E.; Thompson, Ross A.

1985-01-01

421

Self-Development of Competences for Social Inclusion Using the TENCompetence Infrastructure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a pilot study centred on the technology-enhanced self-development of competences in lifelong learning education carried out in the challenging context of the Association of Participants Agora. The pilot study shows that the use of the TENCompetence infrastructure, i.e. in this case the Personal Development Planner tool,…

Louys, Amelie; Hernandez-Leo, Davinia; Schoonenboom, Judith; Lemmers, Ruud; Perez-Sanagustin, Mar

2009-01-01

422

Competencies for Port and Logistics Personnel: An Application of Regional Human Resource Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel, a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert…

Ahn, Young-sik; McLean, Gary N.

2008-01-01

423

Developing Critical Cultural Competence: A Guide for 21st-Century Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasingly diverse nature of today's schools and the need to increase the achievement of all students, no matter their background, requires 21st-century teachers to develop critical cultural competence. Looking at data is not enough. We have to know who our students are! This book shows you how to provide professional development that…

Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye; Levin, Barbara B.

2011-01-01

424

Use of Racial Identity Development Theory to Explore Cultural Competence among Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to explore early childhood educators' cultural competence through a lens of racial identity development theory, a case study was conducted with four White Kindergarten teachers. Participants were surveyed and interviewed to understand their racial identity development as well as perspectives of teaching culturally diverse early childhood…

Han, Heejeong Sophia; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Thomas, M. Shelley

2011-01-01

425

Making Intercultural Communicative Competence and Identity-Development Visible for Assessment Purposes in Foreign Language Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an action research case study conducted at a university in Japan, which explored how student identity-development can be made visible in potentially assessable ways through materials design in intercultural communicative competence (ICC)-oriented foreign language education. It suggests that identity-development can be…

Houghton, Stephanie Ann

2013-01-01

426

Leadership Competencies for Academic Librarians: The Importance of Development and Fund-Raising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the need for effective leadership and identifying leadership competencies for academic librarians focuses on the areas of development and fundraising. Describes areas of expertise, experience, and skills associated with academic development positions in colleges and universities as a basis for identifying relevant leadership…

Winston, Mark D.; Dunkley, Lisa

2002-01-01

427

Aid Professional Growth. Module CG D-2 of Category D--Operating. Competency-Based Career Guidance Modules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning module, one in a series of competency-based guidance program training packages focusing upon professional and paraprofessional competencies of guidance personnel, deals with aiding professional growth. Addressed in the module are the following topics: assessing competencies; determining certification, licensure, and registration…

Ruff, Eldon E.

428

A Competency Based Special Education Undergraduate Internship at Western Carolina Center for the Mentally Retarded.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a competency based internship program at Western Carolina Center for the Mentally Retarded for undergraduate students in special education at Appalachian State University. Explained are the consumer based approach embodied in applied training programs, the goal of providing practical and reality-based applications of knowledge…

Caldwell, Erin Kent; Brooks, Benjamin L.

429

A Framework for Developing Competencies in Open and Distance Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many open universities and distance education institutions have shifted from a predominantly print-based mode of delivery to an online mode characterised by the use of virtual learning environments and various web technologies. This paper describes the impact of the shift to open and distance e-learning (ODeL), as this trend might be called, on…

Arinto, Patricia B.

2013-01-01

430

Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

Kretschmann, Rolf

2010-01-01

431

How to Help Senior Chemical Engineering Students Enhance and Develop Their Leadership Competence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemical engineering students at the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) have the opportunity to enhance and develop their leadership competence by taking on a team leadership role in a first-year integrated design project. All fourth-year students enrolled for the Project Management in Practice (PMP) course go through a comprehensive team leader selection process. This selection process involves doing three psychometric tests (Belbin, Myers-Briggs, and Leadership Styles) and a competency-based interview with all the PMPs instructors. Finally, a group of about a dozen students are chosen to lead teams formed of first-year students and to manage the design project in which all first-year courses actively participate (hence the adjective of integrated). First-year team member selection is done by team leaders who develop their own selection criteria and take into account first-year students Belbin roles. The PMP course, like the first-year integrated design project, lasts two consecutive 15-week periods with 4 class hours per week. One hour is reserved for the individual coaching process between a PMP instructor and his/her assigned team leaders. Two more hours are devoted to teaching leadership, project management, and facilitation concepts, techniques, and tools. The remaining class hour is devoted to the weekly formal meeting of leaders with the first-year project team. Hence, there is also a vertical integration between the PMP course and the first-year integrated design project. The assessment of the team leaders leadership competence is carried out at the individual and team levels. At the individual level, the following processes are in place: (a) a 360-degree feedback process, (b) project management reports (a team charter and a final report per period), oral presentations (one presentation per period), (c) learning journals, (d) behavioral event interviews, and (e) focus groups with team members. Team effectiveness is measured by: (a) a team climate survey, (b) the evaluation of project products (a design report and a poster or an oral presentation followed by a defense), and (c) focus groups with first-year instructors.

Alabart, Joan; Medir, Magda; Ozgen, Sibel; Witt, Hans-Joerg

2011-08-31

432

GDF11 controls the timing of progenitor cell competence in developing retina.  

PubMed

The orderly generation of cell types in the developing retina is thought to be regulated by changes in the competence of multipotent progenitors. Here, we show that a secreted factor, growth and differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), controls the numbers of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), as well as amacrine and photoreceptor cells, that form during development. GDF11 does not affect proliferation of progenitors-a major mode of GDF11 action in other tissues-but instead controls duration of expression of Math5, a gene that confers competence for RGC genesis, in progenitor cells. Thus, GDF11 governs the temporal windows during which multipotent progenitors retain competence to produce distinct neural progeny. PMID:15976303

Kim, Joon; Wu, Hsiao-Huei; Lander, Arthur D; Lyons, Karen M; Matzuk, Martin M; Calof, Anne L

2005-06-24

433

The development of ESD-related competencies in supportive institutional frameworks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is a matter of global importance, the requirements and needs of people differ according to their regional circumstances. (Not only) in Germany—in keeping with the increasingly international focus of "output" evaluations—one dominant educational debate has centred on effective ways of mapping and understanding pupils' competencies. This article provides a Model of Competence for ESD in the formal education sector. This model aims to inform the organisation of teaching and to help assess the learning outcomes of pupils who have received instruction in issues relating to ESD. The competence model was developed and extended in connection with two German federal state innovation programmes which aimed to implement the concept of ESD in schools across the country.

de Haan, Gerhard

2010-06-01

434

Competency development in antibody production in cancer cell biology  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The main objective of this project was to develop a rapid recombinant antibody production technology. To achieve the objective, the authors employed (1) production of recombinant antigens that are important for cell cycle regulation and DNA repair, (2) immunization and specific selection of antibody-producing lymphocytes using the flow cytometry and magnetic bead capturing procedure, (3) construction of single chain antibody library, (4) development of recombinant vectors that target, express, and regulate the expression of intracellular antibodies, and (5) specific inhibition of tumor cell growth in tissue culture. The authors have accomplished (1) optimization of a selection procedure to isolate antigen-specific lymphocytes, (2) optimization of the construction of a single-chain antibody library, and (3) development of a new antibody expression vector for intracellular immunization. The future direction of this research is to continue to test the potential use of the intracellular immunization procedure as a tool to study functions of biological molecules and as an immuno-cancer therapy procedure to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Park, M.S.

1998-12-01

435

Choosing Between Competing Design Ideals in Information Systems Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whenever information systems are developed, they serve some interests at the expense of others. Just what those interests are and who possesses them need to be understood and debated as they involve value judgments. This paper contends that advice concerning the design of information systems must not be limited to technical design, but should also address what is good or

Heinz K. Klein; Rudy Hirschheim

2001-01-01

436

Personal Development Planning: a different kind of competency  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the last decade there has been an increasing recognition in the worlds of business and education that employees are their most important asset. Governments, too, throughout the industrialised world have begun to acknowledge the links between successful economic development in a competitive environment and a committed, flexible workforce. Initially, attempts to promote the efficiency and effectiveness centred upon job

Christopher Day

1994-01-01

437

Action Learning: Developing Critical Competencies for Knowledge Era Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most of the twentieth century, the goal in education was the generation and dissemination of information. With the rise of technology and unlimited access to information, it is the ability to apply knowledge and learn from experience that is the new priority for employee development. Action learning, with its emphasis on action and reflection,…

Robinson, Greg

2005-01-01

438

Developing Leaders: The Role of Competencies in Rural Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pending retirements underscore the need to develop community college campus leaders. Rural community colleges will be particularly hard-hit by changes in leadership as they represent the majority of 2-year colleges and face unique challenges given their location. To help address the anticipated leadership transition, the American Association of…

Eddy, Pamela L.

2013-01-01

439

From Competence to Excellence: Developing Excellence in Vocational Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Kingdom's Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), UK SKILLS, and the Further Education Skills Competition Council conducted a collaborative action research project to improve students' vocational learning and skills through enhanced learning experiences. From February 2001 to April 2002, three further education colleges worked to…

Smeaton, Barry; Hughes, Maria; Hall, Graeme

440

Using cloud-based mobile technology for assessment of competencies among medical students.  

PubMed

Valid, direct observation of medical student competency in clinical settings remains challenging and limits the opportunity to promote performance-based student advancement. The rationale for direct observation is to ascertain that students have acquired the core clinical competencies needed to care for patients. Too often student observation results in highly variable evaluations which are skewed by factors other than the student's actual performance. Among the barriers to effective direct observation and assessment include the lack of effective tools and strategies for assuring that transparent standards are used for judging clinical competency in authentic clinical settings. We developed a web-based content management system under the name, Just in Time Medicine (JIT), to address many of these issues. The goals of JIT were fourfold: First, to create a self-service interface allowing faculty with average computing skills to author customizable content and criterion-based assessment tools displayable on internet enabled devices, including mobile devices; second, to create an assessment and feedback tool capable of capturing learner progress related to hundreds of clinical skills; third, to enable easy access and utilization of these tools by faculty for learner assessment in authentic clinical settings as a means of just in time faculty development; fourth, to create a permanent record of the trainees' observed skills useful for both learner and program evaluation. From July 2010 through October 2012, we implemented a JIT enabled clinical evaluation exercise (CEX) among 367 third year internal medicine students. Observers (attending physicians and residents) performed CEX assessments using JIT to guide and document their observations, record their time observing and providing feedback to the students, and their overall satisfaction. Inter-rater reliability and validity were assessed with 17 observers who viewed six videotaped student-patient encounters and by measuring the correlation between student CEX scores and their scores on subsequent standardized-patient OSCE exams. A total of 3567 CEXs were completed by 516 observers. The average number of evaluations per student was 9.7 (±1.8 SD) and the average number of CEXs completed per observer was 6.9 (±15.8 SD). Observers spent less than 10 min on 43-50% of the CEXs and 68.6% on feedback sessions. A majority of observers (92%) reported satisfaction with the CEX. Inter-rater reliability was measured at 0.69 among all observers viewing the videotapes and these ratings adequately discriminated competent from non-competent performance. The measured CEX grades correlated with subsequent student performance on an end-of-year OSCE. We conclude that the use of JIT is feasible in capturing discrete clinical performance data with a high degree of user satisfaction. Our embedded checklists had adequate inter-rater reliability and concurrent and predictive validity. PMID:24109549

Ferenchick, Gary S; Solomon, David

2013-01-01

441

Using cloud-based mobile technology for assessment of competencies among medical students  

PubMed Central

Valid, direct observation of medical student competency in clinical settings remains challenging and limits the opportunity to promote performance-based student advancement. The rationale for direct observation is to ascertain that students have acquired the core clinical competencies needed to care for patients. Too often student observation results in highly variable evaluations which are skewed by factors other than the student’s actual performance. Among the barriers to effective direct observation and assessment include the lack of effective tools and strategies for assuring that transparent standards are used for judging clinical competency in authentic clinical settings. We developed a web-based content management system under the name, Just in Time Medicine (JIT), to address many of these issues. The goals of JIT were fourfold: First, to create a self-service interface allowing faculty with average computing skills to author customizable content and criterion-based assessment tools displayable on internet enabled devices, including mobile devices; second, to create an assessment and feedback tool capable of capturing learner progress related to hundreds of clinical skills; third, to enable easy access and utilization of these tools by faculty for learner assessment in authentic clinical settings as a means of just in time faculty development; fourth, to create a permanent record of the trainees’ observed skills useful for both learner and program evaluation. From July 2010 through October 2012, we implemented a JIT enabled clinical evaluation exercise (CEX) among 367 third year internal medicine students. Observers (attending physicians and residents) performed CEX assessments using JIT to guide and document their observations, record their time observing and providing feedback to the students, and their overall satisfaction. Inter-rater reliability and validity were assessed with 17 observers who viewed six videotaped student-patient encounters and by measuring the correlation between student CEX scores and their scores on subsequent standardized-patient OSCE exams. A total of 3567 CEXs were completed by 516 observers. The average number of evaluations per student was 9.7 (±1.8 SD) and the average number of CEXs completed per observer was 6.9 (±15.8 SD). Observers spent less than 10 min on 43–50% of the CEXs and 68.6% on feedback sessions. A majority of observers (92%) reported satisfaction with the CEX. Inter-rater reliability was measured at 0.69 among all observers viewing the videotapes and these ratings adequately discriminated competent from non-competent performance. The measured CEX grades correlated with subsequent student performance on an end-of-year OSCE. We conclude that the use of JIT is feasible in capturing discrete clinical performance data with a high degree of user satisfaction. Our embedded checklists had adequate inter-rater reliability and concurrent and predictive validity.

Solomon, David

2013-01-01

442

Promoting clinical competence: using scaffolded instruction for practice-based learning.  

PubMed

Competency-based education is essential for bridging the gap between education and practice. The attributes of competency-based education include an outcomes focus, allowance for increasing levels of competency, learner accountability, practice-based learning, self-assessment, and individualized learning experiences. One solution to this challenge is scaffolded instruction, where collaboration and knowledge facilitate learning. Collaboration refers to the role of clinical faculty who model desired clinical skills then gradually shift responsibility for nursing activity to the student. This article describes scaffolded instruction as applied in a Web-based second-degree bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) program. This second-degree BSN program uses innovative approaches to education, including a clinical component that relies on clinical coaches. Students in the program remain in their home community and complete their clinical hours with an assigned coach. The method will be described first, followed by a description of how the method was applied. PMID:17903787

Tilley, Donna Scott; Allen, Patricia; Collins, Cathie; Bridges, Ruth Ann; Francis, Patricia; Green, Alexia

2007-01-01

443

Obsessional phenomena and the development of imaginative competence.  

PubMed

Obsessional phenomena are discussed in the light of anxieties arising around the ages 8-12. Three cases of the disappearance of obsessional symptoms are then described. In one remarkable sequence of dreams preceded recovery; in another it was the establishment of a secure therapeutic bond; in the third it was falling in love. The capacity securely to differentiate between fantasy and reality is seen as an essential development element in the recovery from obsessionality. PMID:7104245

Holmes, J

1982-06-01

444

Autonomy, competence, and social relatedness in task interest within project-based education.  

PubMed

To prepare students for instructive collaboration, it is necessary to have insight into students' psychological needs and interest development. The framework of self-determination theory was used to conduct a field experiment involving 114 students in vocational education. These students followed a practical business course which required they work in small learning groups. During the course, students were asked to complete the Quality of Working in Groups Instrument, an online measure of how strong autonomy, competence, social relatedness, and task interest are fulfilled. SEM showed that students' psychological needs were jointly and uniquely related to task interest over time. The significance of this on-line test for the assessment of interest within project-based education is discussed. PMID:18175501

Minnaert, Alexander; Boekaerts, Monique; de Brabander, Cornelis

2007-10-01

445

Mental health learning needs assessment: competency-based instrument for best practice.  

PubMed

A learning needs assessment focused on psychiatric/mental health nursing competency development is a central component of nursing education in specialty mental health nursing practice. The provision of education for mental health nursing relies on the underlying assumption that the learning needs of experienced mental health nurses have been assessed and educational programs implemented to address educational needs for competency in professional practice. Few professional learning needs assessments have been developed to identify learning needs in mental health nursing practice. The majority of available professional learning needs assessments focus on medical nursing practice applications rather than the psychosocial aspects of a mental health assessment. The mental health field addresses very different assessment criteria such as knowledge of suicide assessment and therapeutic interventions. The purpose of this article is to present and describe the process of developing a learning needs assessment focused on competency development for the specialty practice of mental health nursing that addresses and resolves complex learning needs. PMID:23805931

McKnight, Sylvia E

2013-06-01

446

The Development of Emotional Competence. The Guilford Series on Social and Emotional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of emotional competence entails resilience, self-efficacy, and acting in accord with one's sense of moral character. This suggests argues that emotional competence is demonstrated by the self-efficacy in emotion-eliciting encounters and identifies eight key emotional skills that support its acquisition in interpersonal contexts. The…

Saarni, Carolyn

447

Multimedia Applications and Development: Essential Competencies for Librarians  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Library and Information Science, University of Pune, Maharashtra, India, has designed a special elective course entitled "Multimedia Applications and Development" in its two-year integrated Masters Degree program of Library and Information Science. During the course, various open source tools for creating multimedia content were taught. This paper discusses eight different information products which were created by students of the department from 2007-2009. Each project was designed for special users with their specific needs. Students gained much confidence in handling various media. They got an opportunity to interact with experts in the fields of communication and mass media. Library Science professionals can take advantage of open source multimedia tools as well to create or repackage content according to users' needs. The paper concludes with feedback about the course from students and teachers.

Nagarkar, S.

2010-10-01

448

Development of a Core Competency Model for the Master of Public Health Degree  

PubMed Central

Core competencies have been used to redefine curricula across the major health professions in recent decades. In 2006, the Association of Schools of Public Health identified core competencies for the master of public health degree in graduate schools and programs of public health. We provide an overview of the model development process and a listing of 12 core domains and 119 competencies that can serve as a resource for faculty and students for enhancing the quality and accountability of graduate public health education and training. The primary vision for the initiative is the graduation of professionals who are more fully prepared for the many challenges and opportunities in public health in the forthcoming decade.

Calhoun, Judith G.; Ramiah, Kalpana; Weist, Elizabeth McGean; Shortell, Stephen M.

2008-01-01

449

Reflection prompts and tutor feedback in a web-based learning environment: effects on students' self-regulated learning competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the effects of reflection prompts and tutor feedback on the development of students' self-regulated learning competence (i.e. SRLC). In a web-based learning environment forty-two students completed a study task with embedded prompts eliciting reflection. The reflection prompts could either deal with aspects of self-regulated learning or not. In addition, the students could either receive electronic feedback from

Gerard van den Boom; Fred Paas; Jeroen J. G. van Merriënboer; Tamara van Gog

2004-01-01

450

Service-Learning: A Tool to Develop Employment Competencies for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students will face a workplace transformed even from the one that existed five years ago. Public and private organizations presently require employees to possess highly developed core competencies. This shift in expectations, exacerbated by high unemployment among recent college graduates, has made accountability a hot issue for higher…

Ramson, Amy J.

2014-01-01

451

Teaching Faculty about Substance Abuse: Evaluating Clinical Competence and Professional Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the evaluation of a faculty development program implemented to address the deficit in physicians' clinical and teaching competence regarding substance abuse. Participants in the university hospital program included faculty fellows from five departments. Annual, random chart audits assessed changes in rates of substance use documentation by residents supervised and not supervised by the fellows. Paired t tests

Antonnette V. Graham; Mary Altpeter; Stephanie Emmitt-Myers; Theodore V. Parran Jr; Stephen Zyzanski

1996-01-01

452

Using Video Feedback and Annotations to Develop ICT Competency in Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a study that focused on developing Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) competency in pre-service teacher education Units of Study. The study adopted a collaborative-learn-technology-by-design conceptual framework. One-hundred and twenty pre-service teachers participated in the semester-long study.…

Anderson, Kate; Kennedy-Clark, Shannon; Galstaun, Vilma

2012-01-01

453

Development of Measurability and Importance Scales for the NATA Athletic Training Educational Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed and validated an instrument designed to measure the perceived measurability and importance of the National Athletic Trainers' Association Athletic Training Educational Competencies. Data from 931 athletic trainers and sport medicine physicians support 6 constructs, each of which demonstrates high reliability. (SLD)

Wolfe, Edward W.; Nogle, Sally

2002-01-01

454

Perceived Personal and Social Competence: Development of Valid and Reliable Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last 20 years, youth programming has shifted from risk reduction to youth development. While numerous instruments exist to measure selected individual characteristics/competencies among youth, a comprehensive instrument to measure four constructs of personal and social skills could not be identified. The purpose of this study was to…

Fetro, Joyce V.; Rhodes, Darson L.; Hey, David W.

2010-01-01

455

Moral Competence as a Key to Doctors' Professional Development - Empirical and Experimental Evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professionals in the educational and health services -- like teachers, psychologists, social workers, nurses, and medical doctors -- are especially prone to encounter moral dilemmas in their everyday decision-making, and thus depend especially on the development of their judgment competence. They should neither rigidly apply their standards and values without regard for particular needs, nor should they be swayed totally

Georg Lind; Marcia Schillinger

456

Developing the Management Competencies for Getting a Competitive Position in the Organic Food Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although almost any conference tackles the issue of organic foods, we consider that this article does not fit into normal patterns of research. Our paper proposes a complex analysis in the field of organic food products. It also highlights the need of developing new competences of managers and marketers in analysing market for getting a competitive position on it. The

Marian NASTASE; Mirela STOIAN; Raluca Andreea ION

2011-01-01

457

Promoting an "Active Start" for Young Children: Developing Competent and Confident Early Movers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With childhood obesity and physical inactivity at an all-time high, parents and physical educators alike must look to the early years to promote competent and confident young movers. Popular opinion believes that children are naturally active and motor skill development progresses as a normal function of getting older. However, if one looks at…

Goodway, Jacqueline D.; Wall, Sarah; Getchell, Nancy

2009-01-01

458

Motivational Climate, Motor-Skill Development, and Perceived Competence: Two Studies of Developmentally Delayed Kindergarten Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted to examine the effects of motivational climate on motor-skill development and perceived physical competence in kindergarten children with developmental delays. In Experiment 1, two intervention groups were exposed to environments with either high (mastery climate) or low autonomy for 12 weeks. Results showed that the…

Valentini, Nadia; Rudisill, Mary E.

2004-01-01

459

A Hierarchical Competing Systems Model of the Emergence and Early Development of Executive Function  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function--the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior--in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a…

Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

2009-01-01

460

Development of Communicative Competence in Inuit Children: Implications for Speech-Language Pathology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes ethnographic research whose purpose was to document the development of communicative competence in four young Inuit children by studying the role of cultural context in the cammunicative interaction of these children and their caregivers. In doing so, the study looked at Inuit children's communicative interactions in the situational context of their everyday lives. Results show that caregiuer

Martha B. Crago

1990-01-01

461

Perception of Competence in Middle School Physical Education: Instrument Development and Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perception of Competence (POC) has been studied extensively in physical activity (PA) research with similar instruments adapted for physical education (PE) research. Such instruments do not account for the unique PE learning environment. Therefore, an instrument was developed and the scores validated to measure POC in middle school PE. A…

Scrabis-Fletcher, Kristin; Silverman, Stephen

2010-01-01

462

Developing Conversational Competence through Language Awareness and Multimodality: The Use of DVDs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The argument for a pedagogy of input oriented learning for the development of speaking competence (Sharwood-Smith, 1986; Bardovi-Harlig and Salsbury, 2004; Eslami-Rasekh, 2005) has been of increasing interest in Applied Linguistics circles. It has also been argued that multimedia applications, in particular DVDs, provide language learners with…

Jaen, Maria Moreno; Basanta, Perez

2009-01-01

463

Developing the Teaching Competences of Novice Faculty Members: A Review of International Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to outline what could be learned from the international research literature on the issue of developing teaching competences of novice faculty members. The mission of academics has changed in recent years. Academics must now also meet a strong social demand for graduates' access to employment and are increasingly…

Kiffer, Sacha; Tchibozo, Guy

2013-01-01

464

Supporting the Development of Emotional Intelligence Competencies to Ease the Transition from Primary to High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore (1) whether pupils with high emotional intelligence (EI) cope better with the transition to high school; and (2) whether the introduction of an intervention programme to support the development of EI competencies can increase EI and self-worth, and so ease the negative effects of transition. Results suggest that pupils…

Qualter, P.; Whiteley, H. E.; Hutchinson, J. M.; Pope, D. J.

2007-01-01

465

Instruction and Developing Second Language Pragmatic Competence: An Investigation into the Efficacy of Output  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of output in the context of instruction on developing second language (L2) pragmatic competence. The study focused on the ways in which opportunities for output raise adult ESL learners’ awareness of pragmalinguistic forms, thus facilitating the acquisition of those forms. The setting of the study was an intensive

Justin Edward Jernigan

2007-01-01

466

Opinions of Primary School Science and Technology Teachers about Developing Students' Affective Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed to determine the primary school secondary level science and technology teachers' opinions about developing students' affective competence. It was designed as a case study with qualitative research method. The participants of the study consisted of 19 science and technology teachers with at least five years of experience,…

Eristi, Bahadir; Tunca, Nihal

2012-01-01

467

Evolution of Competence Concept in Lithuania: From VET Reform to Development of National Qualifications System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to explore the development of the concept of competence in Lithuania beginning from the period of transition from the Soviet planned economy and post-totalitarian regime to the market economy and democratic society and ending with the designing and implementation of the National Qualifications System and Qualifications…

Lauzackas, Rimantas; Tutlys, Vidmantas; Spudyte, Irma

2009-01-01

468

Transition. Project Prepare: Competency-Based Personnel Preparation in Early Childhood Education Modules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of nine competency-based training modules for personnel preparation in early childhood special education, this guide focuses on the facilitation of transition services for young children. All modules are adaptable for use with a general audience, direct service personnel, or administrators and are based on the following principles:…

Pisarchick, Sally E.; And Others

469

The Use of Mastery Learning with Competency-Based Grading in an Organic Chemistry Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mastery learning is an instructional method based on the idea that students learn best if they fully understand, or master, one concept before moving on to the next and has been shown to be extremely effective in math and science curricula. Competency-based grading is an evaluative tool that allows the faculty member to determine the level of…

Diegelman-Parente, Amy

2011-01-01

470

Building Competency-Based Pathways: Successes and Challenges from Leaders in the Field. A Forum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This forum provided an overview of competency-based pathways to education and described programs that have successfully utilized these pathways to move all students to success in high school and beyond. Speakers highlighted how innovative learning environments that base student advancement upon mastery of measurable learning objectives have been…

American Youth Policy Forum, 2011

2011-01-01

471

Competency-Based Assessment and Training. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During 1979-80, Arizona State University directed a training and curriculum development project that sought to develop a national consortium on community education composed of institutions of higher education, assess current training programs, and develop exemplary curriculum training modules. This report discribes the project and its results. The…

Paddock, Susan C.

472

MultiLevel Complexities in Technological Development: Competing Strategies for Drug Discovery  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Drug development regularly has to deal with complex circumstances on two levels: the local level of pharmacological intervention\\u000a on specific target proteins, and the systems level of the effects of pharmacological intervention on the organism. Different\\u000a development strategies in the recent history of early drug development can be understood as competing attempts at coming to\\u000a grips with these multi-level complexities.

Matthias Adam

473

Cognitively Based Assessment of, for, and as Learning: A Framework for Assessing Reading Competency. Research Report. ETS RR-09-26  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the rationale and research base for a reading competency model designed to guide the development of cognitively based assessment of reading comprehension. The model was developed from a detailed review of the cognitive research on reading and learning and a review of state standards for language arts. A survey of the literature…

O'Reilly, Tenaha; Sheehan, Kathleen M.

2009-01-01

474

Developing a curriculum framework for global health in family medicine: emerging principles, competencies, and educational approaches  

PubMed Central

Background Recognizing the growing demand from medical students and residents for more comprehensive global health training, and the paucity of explicit curricula on such issues, global health and curriculum experts from the six Ontario Family Medicine Residency Programs worked together to design a framework for global health curricula in family medicine training programs. Methods A working group comprised of global health educators from Ontario's six medical schools conducted a scoping review of global health curricula, competencies, and pedagogical approaches. The working group then hosted a full day meeting, inviting experts in education, clinical care, family medicine and public health, and developed a consensus process and draft framework to design global health curricula. Through a series of weekly teleconferences over the next six months, the framework was revised and used to guide the identification of enabling global health competencies (behaviours, skills and attitudes) for Canadian Family Medicine training. Results The main outcome was an evidence-informed interactive framework http://globalhealth.ennovativesolution.com/ to provide a shared foundation to guide the design, delivery and evaluation of global health education programs for Ontario's family medicine residency programs. The curriculum framework blended a definition and mission for global health training, core values and principles, global health competencies aligning with the Canadian Medical Education Directives for Specialists (CanMEDS) competencies, and key learning approaches. The framework guided the development of subsequent enabling competencies. Conclusions The shared curriculum framework can support the design, delivery and evaluation of global health curriculum in Canada and around the world, lay the foundation for research and development, provide consistency across programmes, and support the creation of learning and evaluation tools to align with the framework. The process used to develop this framework can be applied to other aspects of residency curriculum development.

2011-01-01

475

Market-based recommendation: Agents that compete for consumer attention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The amount of attention space available for recommending suppliers to consumers on e-commerce sites is typically limited. We present a competitive distributed recommendation mechanism based on adaptive software agents for efficiently allocating the \\

Sander M. Bohte; Enrico Gerding; Han La Poutré

2004-01-01

476

Competency-Based Training: Adapting to Warfighter Needs.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Historically USAF Combat Air Forces (CAF) aircrews have trained under an event-based system, maintaining Combat Mission Ready status by accomplishing specified numbers of sortie types and events during the annual training cycle. Advances in training analy...

C. M. Colegrove W. Bennett

2006-01-01

477

Competencies for psychology practice in primary care.  

PubMed

This article reports on the outcome of a presidential initiative of 2012 American Psychological Association President Suzanne Bennett Johnson to delineate competencies for primary care (PC) psychology in six broad domains: science, systems, professionalism, relationships, application, and education. Essential knowledge, skills, and attitudes are described for each PC psychology competency. Two behavioral examples are provided to illustrate each competency. Clinical vignettes demonstrate the competencies in action. Delineation of these competencies is intended to inform education, practice, and research in PC psychology and efforts to further develop team-based competencies in PC. PMID:24820690

McDaniel, Susan H; Grus, Catherine L; Cubic, Barbara A; Hunter, Christopher L; Kearney, Lisa K; Schuman, Catherine C; Karel, Michele J; Kessler, Rodger S; Larkin, Kevin T; McCutcheon, Stephen; Miller, Benjamin F; Nash, Justin; Qualls, Sara H; Connolly, Kathryn Sanders; Stancin, Terry; Stanton, Annette L; Sturm, Lynne A; Johnson, Suzanne Bennett

2014-01-01

478

`Learning Experience' Provided by Science Teaching Practice in a Classroom and the Development of Students' Competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to the literature, there is a very important corpus of knowledge that allows for the investigation of some dimensions of `learning experience' provided to students, in relation to epistemic, pedagogical and meta-cognitive practices. However, in the literature, there is little investigation into the invariance (or not) of the characteristics of students' learning experience while being taught a scientific subject by the same teacher. This paper suggests that the relationship between the learning experience provided and the competences developed is not properly highlighted. This paper analyses the learning experience provided to students in epistemic, pedagogical and meta-cognitive terms. The students were taught the proprieties and applications of light by one teacher, in three classes, over 7 weeks. We analysed the data in each referred learning experience, using a pre-defined category system. The students' competences were evaluated by a competence test. The epistemic demand of each item and the students' performances were also analysed. Our findings point to the non invariance of learning experiences provided to students and the influence of some dimensions of learning experiences provided in the development of certain competences. These findings and their implications are contextualized and discussed.

Lopes, J. Bernardino; Branco, Julia; Jimenez-Aleixandre, Maria Pilar

2011-11-01

479

A Competency-Based Instructional Program for Plant Process Operations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program guide provides materials to prepare learners for employment as Process Plant Operators through classroom instruction and practical shop experience. Contents include instructional goal and subgoals, an instructional analysis that describes development of the materials and instructional equipment and supplies and facilities…

McDaniel, Joy; Mills, Steven

480

Resource Guide to Competency-Based Vocational Education: Agriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist vocational agriculture teachers in keeping abreast of the most recent instructional developments in the field, this resource guide contains an annotated list of print and non-print, commercial and non-commercial materials available in the field of agriculture education. The resource guide is divided into three sections. The…

Fowler, David S., Comp.

481

Competency-Based Curriculum in Communications. General Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed and written for industrial arts instructors and students, this teacher-developed curriculum offers both a model for instructors and practical guidelines for classroom activities that explore the field of communications. Various aspects of course design and delivery are covered in the introductory section, including course goals and…

Tennessee State Dept. of Education, Nashville. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

482

Clay: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #32.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module indicates the values of craft activities with clay for preschool children. Classroom activities as well as instructional objectives for the CDA intern are provided. The module emphasizes (1) reasons for using clay in the preschool program, (2) types of clay and clay-like materials, and (3)…

Foster, Cheryl

483

Woodworking: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #30.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two purposes of this Child Development Associate (CDA) module are to teach CDA interns the value of woodworking activities in the preschool center and to provide them with information about the needed equipment, materials and supplies. Objectives are stipulated, intern activities for each objective are suggested, and an assessment checklist is…

Brannen, Nina

484

Sewing: Arizona HSST/CDA Competency Based Training Module #31.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Child Development Associate (CDA) training module helps the CDA intern present and supervise sewing activities for preschool children. Classroom activities as well as training objectives for the intern are provided. The module emphasizes (1) the values of sewing activities for the preschool child, (2) the kinds of material that can be used in…

Migliaro, Ann

485

Choosing a competence based governance role in brownfield redevelopment processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The redevelopment of brownfields in the Netherlands stagnates. The fact that the central directing role of municipalities is abandoned is often considered as a cause of the occurring stagnation within these processes. Currently, municipalities can only manage brownfield developments in strategic alliances with different public and private actors. The precise role of municipalities as governor within these alliances is still

E. G. J. Blokhuis; W. F. Schaefer; N. van Gogh; A. J. Kleine

2008-01-01

486

Air Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration. Competency-Based Curriculum Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was developed to serve as an aid to administrators and instructors involved with postsecondary air conditioning, heating, and refrigeration programs. The first of six chapters contains general information on program implementation, the curriculum design, facilities and equipment requirements, and textbooks and references. Chapter 2…

Gourley, Frank A., Jr.

487

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Marketing and Distribution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum contained in this guide is one of a series developed to assist teachers in implementing prevocational exploration programs concerned with distribution and marketing occupations. It is designed to complement the West Virginia "Guide for Establishing Programs of Prevocational Exploration." The curriculum consists of 35 learning…

Kendall, Elizabeth; And Others

488

Mapping Cognitive Overlaps Between Practice-Based Learning and Improvement and Evidence-Based Medicine: An Operational Definition for Assessing Resident Physician Competence  

PubMed Central

Purpose The complex competency labeled practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI) by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) incorporates core knowledge in evidence-based medicine (EBM). The purpose of this study was to operationally define a “PBLI-EBM” domain for assessing resident physician competence. Method The authors used an iterative design process to first content analyze and map correspondences between ACGME and EBM literature sources. The project team, including content and measurement experts and residents/fellows, parsed, classified, and hierarchically organized embedded learning outcomes using a literature-supported cognitive taxonomy. A pool of 141 items was produced from the domain and assessment specifications. The PBLI-EBM domain and resulting items were content validated through formal reviews by a national panel of experts. Results The final domain represents overlapping PBLI and EBM cognitive dimensions measurable through written, multiple-choice assessments. It is organized as 4 subdomains of clinical action: Therapy, Prognosis, Diagnosis, and Harm. Four broad cognitive skill branches (Ask, Acquire, Appraise, and Apply) are subsumed under each subdomain. Each skill branch is defined by enabling skills that specify the cognitive processes, content, and conditions pertinent to demonstrable competence. Most items passed content validity screening criteria and were prepared for test form assembly and administration. Conclusions The operational definition of PBLI-EBM competence is based on a rigorously developed and validated domain and item pool, and substantially expands conventional understandings of EBM. The domain, assessment specifications, and procedures outlined may be used to design written assessments to tap important cognitive dimensions of the overall PBLI competency, as given by ACGME. For more comprehensive coverage of the PBLI competency, such instruments need to be complemented with performance assessments.

Chatterji, Madhabi; Graham, Mark J.; Wyer, Peter C.

2009-01-01

489

Agricultural Education. Teacher Handbook. Vocational Education. Grades 9-12. North Carolina Competency-Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher handbook provides recommended goals and objectives and suggested measures for competency-based courses in the vocational program area of agricultural education. A background and overview section contains the philosophy and rationale, discusses thinking skills and programs for exceptional children, and provides notes that explain how…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

490

An Example of Competence-Based Learning: Use of Maxima in Linear Algebra for Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the role of Computer Algebra Systems (CAS) in a model of learning based on competences. The proposal is an e-learning model Linear Algebra course for Engineering, which includes the use of a CAS (Maxima) and focuses on problem solving. A reference model has been taken from the Spanish Open University. The proper use of CAS is…

Diaz, Ana; Garcia, Alfonsa; de la Villa, Agustin

2011-01-01

491

Building Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; a preface; a…

Gudzak, Raymond

492

Competency-Based Geropsychology Training in Doctoral Internships and Postdoctoral Fellowships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opportunities for geropsychology training in doctoral internships and postdoctoral fellowships have slowly grown over the years. There will be a need for more geropsychology training programs as the U.S. population ages concurrent with increased demand for mental health services from older adults. This article provides recommendations for competency-based geropsychology training that derive from the Pikes Peak Model for Training in

Gregory A. Hinrichsen; Antonette M. Zeiss; Michele J. Karel; Victor A. Molinari

2010-01-01

493

Interior Design. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Guarini, Michael

494

Entrepreneur Program. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The document consists of matrices that describe the relationship of vocational skills to basic communication, mathematics, and science skills within the entrepreneur…

De Maria, Richard

495

Student Material for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Nursing Assistant. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second edition of the Nursing Assistant Competency-Based Education (CBE) Curriculum contains the curriculum units and related student guidelines and instructional materials. A discussion of how to use this curriculum precedes the table of contents. The curriculum is divided into twenty-eight units. The first three units include instructional…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

496

Electrical Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Cannone, Richard

497

Research and Evaluation in Operational Competency-Based Teacher Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a collection of papers presented at a 1974 conference on research and evaluation in operational competency-based teacher education (CBTE) programs. Two conceptual models for research and evaluation of CBTE activities were presented at the conference and the presentations of these models are the first two chapters of this collection: "A…

Dickson, George E., Ed.

1975-01-01

498

A Study of Competency Based Teacher Education. Philosophy, Research, Issues, Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the competency based teacher education (CBTE) approach. The individual papers comprising the chapters were written at different times, but collectively they provide a sequential introduction and analysis of the concept. A chapter on definitions provides a system for analyzing a CBTE program by…

Roth, Robert A.

499

Dental Assisting. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Mattia, Nancy

500

Remediating and Enriching Performance Learning. Implementing Competency Based Education in Community Colleges, 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series on implementing competency-based education, this monograph discusses some diagnostic and prescriptive techniques which can be used in the day-to-day management of performance learning to determine which students need remediation or enrichment. Using analogies from detective work, the monograph suggests ways of assessing students'…

Loomis, Katherine A.; And Others