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1

Competency-based continuing professional development.  

PubMed

Competence is traditionally viewed as the attainment of a static set of attributes rather than a dynamic process in which physicians continuously use their practice experiences to "progress in competence" toward the attainment of expertise. A competency-based continuing professional development (CPD) model is premised on a set of learning competencies that include the ability to (a) use practice information to identify learning priorities and to develop and monitor CPD plans; (b) access information sources for innovations in development and new evidence that may potentially be integrated into practice; (c) establish a personal knowledge management system to store and retrieve evidence and to select and manage learning projects; (d) construct questions, search for evidence, and record and track conclusions for practice; and (e) use tools and processes to measure competence and performance and develop action plans to enhance practice. Competency-based CPD emphasizes self-directed learning processes and promotes the role of assessment as a professional expectation and obligation. Various approaches to defining general competencies for practice require the creation of specific performance metrics to be meaningful and relevant to the lifelong learning strategies of physicians. This paper describes the assumptions, advantages, and challenges of establishing a CPD system focused on competencies that improve physician performance and the quality and safety of patient care. Implications for competency-based CPD are discussed from an individual and organizational perspective, and a model to bridge the transition from residency to practice is explored. PMID:20662577

Campbell, Craig; Silver, Ivan; Sherbino, Jonathan; Cate, Olle Ten; Holmboe, Eric S

2010-01-01

2

Professional Development and Competence?based Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid expansion of competence?based education (CBE) through the work of the National Council for Vocational Qualifications (NCVQ) has now, thanks to generous public funding and official endorsement by the Department for Education, penetrated the theory and practice of professional studies in teacher education at both school and post?school levels. The NCVQ model of CBE is criticised and alternatives described.

Terry Hyland

1993-01-01

3

Web-based Learning Resources - New Opportunities for Competency Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Creating web- based learning environments holds great promise for on the job training and competence development in nursing. The web-based learning environment was designed and customized by four professional development nurses. We interviewed five RNs that pilot tested the web-based resource. Our findings give some insight into how the web-based design tool are perceived and utilized, and how content is

Anne Moen; Kathrine A. Nygård; Torunn Gauperaa

2009-01-01

4

Web-based learning resources - new opportunities for competency development.  

PubMed

Creating web-based learning environments holds great promise for on the job training and competence development in nursing. The web-based learning environment was designed and customized by four professional development nurses. We interviewed five RNs that pilot tested the web-based resource. Our findings give some insight into how the web-based design tool are perceived and utilized, and how content is represented in the learning environment. From a competency development perspective, practicing authentic tasks in a web-based learning environment can be useful to train skills and keep up important routines. The approach found in this study also needs careful consideration. Emphasizing routines and skills can be important to reduce variation and ensure more streamlined practice from an institution-wide quality improvement efforts. How the emphasis on routines and skills plays out towards the individual's overall professional development needs further careful studies. PMID:19592899

Moen, Anne; Nygård, Kathrine A; Gauperaa, Torunn

2009-01-01

5

Mass Screening: An Aid to Competency Based Program Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Adolescent suicide is the second leading cause of death in the adolescent population and is on the rise. This study used a mass screening concept as a pre-test identifier of at risk clients for suicide ideation and depressions; development of a competency-based prevention group treatment program, and the post-testing of the identified at-risk…

Siehl, Peterann M.; Studer, Jeannine

6

Adaptive Evaluation Based on Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The lifelong competence development and transfer of competencies acquisition is a tendency of global world and specifically for e-learning.. Generally, an instructional based-competence process consists in four single sub-processes, the competence definition, competence development, competence assessment process and certification. This paper presents a competence-based adaptive assessment process for judging competence of learners in the context of a virtual learning environment.

Silvia M. Baldiris; Ramón Fabregat Gesa

7

Development and Evaluation of Nutrition Education Competencies and a Competency-Based Resource Guide for Preschool-Aged Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this research was to develop and evaluate nutrition education competencies and a competency-based resource guide, Connecting the Dots...Healthy Foods, Healthy Choices, Healthy Kids (CTD), for preschool-aged children in California. Methods: Nutrition education experts and California Department of Education staff…

Scherr, Rachel E.; Reed, Heather; Briggs, Marilyn; Zidenberg-Cherr, Sheri

2011-01-01

8

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Automated Systems/Robotics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in automated systems/robotics. Existing programs were reviewed by the task force and a list of sample competencies was developed and sent to area…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

9

Competency-based curriculum development: An experimental model for social service workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The call for relevance in higher education has opened the doorway from the classroom to the community. Creative methods to provide viable academic exercises within this context are being sought by increasing numbers of faculty and administrators. Competency-based curriculum development is one method being proposed as having strong potential. This article describes a competency design and documentation process that was

George C. Burrill

1977-01-01

10

The Development of Professional Competencies by Educational Assistants in School-Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The process of developing competencies by students in a school-based initial teacher education program was analyzed for a whole currently available population of 26 in-service students preparing to become educational assistants using: (1) a Kolb-type questionnaire on learning style; (2) a storyline instrument graphically showing competence grows…

Taconis, R.; van der Plas, P.; van der Sanden, J.

2004-01-01

11

Summary of Actions Taken by Selected States Involved in Developing Competency-Based Certification Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews actions taken by selected states as they move to implement competency-based teacher education and certification systems (CBTE-CBC). Following a brief discussion of the role of the state in developing CBTE-CBC, three major issues are presented: a) the type of consortium procedures used, b) the manner in which competencies are to…

Pitman, John C.

12

Competence in Teaching Mindfulness-Based Courses: Concepts, Development and Assessment.  

PubMed

There has been a groundswell of interest in the UK in Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) and its derivatives, particularly Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). Many health, education and social work practitioners have sought ways to develop their competencies as mindfulness-based teachers, and increasing numbers of organisations are developing mindfulness-based training programmes. However, the rapid expansion of interest in mindfulness-based approaches has meant that those people offering training for MBSR and MBCT teachers have had to consider some quite fundamental questions about training processes, standards and competence. They also need to consider how to develop a robust professional context for the next generation of mindfulness-based teachers. The ways in which competencies are addressed in the secular mainstream contexts in which MBSR and MBCT are taught are examined to enable a consideration of the particularities of mindfulness-based teaching competence. A framework suggesting how competencies develop in trainees is presented. The current status of methodologies for assessing competencies used in mindfulness-based training and research programmes is reviewed. We argue that the time is ripe to continue to develop these dialogues across the international community of mindfulness-based trainers and teachers. PMID:23293683

Crane, Rebecca S; Kuyken, Willem; Williams, J Mark G; Hastings, Richard P; Cooper, Lucinda; Fennell, Melanie J V

2011-09-22

13

Developing Research Competence to Support Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes one step in the process that was undertaken to prepare for the introduction of evidence-based practice (EBP) into the curriculum across the Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, and Doctor of Philosophy pro- grams, as well as the programs that were under development, Clinical Nurse Leader and Doctor of Nursing Practice, at the

Lora E. Burke; Elizabeth A. Schlenk; Susan M. Sereika; Susan M. Cohen; Mary Beth Happ; Janice S. Dorman

2005-01-01

14

Cognitive competence as a positive youth development construct: conceptual bases and implications for curriculum development.  

PubMed

This paper outlines the conceptual bases of "cognitive competence" as a positive youth development construct and the implications for curriculum development. Cognitive competence refers to the cognitive processes that comprise (i) creative thinking, which includes various creative thinking styles, such as legislative, global, and local thinking styles; and (ii) critical thinking, which includes reasoning, making inferences, self-reflection, and coordination of multiple views. Based on the adolescent development progression on cognitive competence, and with reference to Hong Kong Chinese context, six units are designed to promote creative and critical thinking for Secondary 1-3 students in the Project P.A.T.H.S., supported by the Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust. In the Secondary 1 curriculum, the goals of the units are to enable students to recognize different but inter-related thinking styles and to apply these thinking skills to deal with daily life issues. The goal in the Secondary 2 curriculum is to enhance students' creative thinking skills to solve problems, whereas the goal in the Secondary 3 curriculum is to enhance students' critical thinking skills to accept beliefs and make decisions. PMID:17068922

Sun, Rachel C F; Hui, Eadaoin K P

15

Development of a Model Competency-Based Orientation Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The orientation of graduate baccalaureate nursing students is a challenging and exciting task for the U.S. Air Force (USAF) staff development educator. In addition, the staff development educator must also orient nurses that may already be experienced in ...

M. J. Boswell

1988-01-01

16

Organizing and Conducting Staff Development Activities for Vocational Teachers. Competency-Based Administrator Education Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a set of seven instructional materials designed for competency-based vocational education administrator education, this module is intended to assist the learner in developing or reacquiring the necessary skills to administer a quality staff development program. Emphasis is placed on four skills related to meeting teachers' inservice needs:…

Ely, Ron H.; And Others

17

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Computer Integrated Manufacturing Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in computer-integrated manufacturing. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

18

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

19

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Computer Integrated Manufacturing Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in computer-integrated manufacturing. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

20

Developing a Competency-Based Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: The CompHP Pan-European Accreditation Framework for Health Promotion was developed as part of the CompHP Project that aimed to develop competency-based standards and an accreditation system for health promotion practice, education, and training in Europe. Method: A phased, multiple-method approach was employed to facilitate consensus…

Battel-Kirk, Barbara; Van der Zanden, Gerard; Schipperen, Marielle; Contu, Paolo; Gallardo, Carmen; Martinez, Ana; Garcia de Sola, Silvia; Sotgiu, Alessandra; Zaagsma, Miriam; Barry, Margaret M.

2012-01-01

21

How to develop a competency-based head nurse orientation program.  

PubMed

The ability to effectively and efficiently develop competent head nurses is a major challenge in today's health care environment. Memorial Hospital of South Bend, IN, a 526-bed tertiary care facility, faced this challenge. As a result, a program was developed that reduced the learning time of newly appointed head nurses. Mentoring and hands-on practical learning strategies were used. This article describes (1) the reasons for developing a competency-based head nurse orientation program, (2) the steps necessary for its implementation, (3) the benefits of such a program, and (4) the results of the program at Memorial Hospital. PMID:10304245

Becker, J; Ellson, S K

22

Development of Instructional Resource Guides for Competency-Based Education in Selected Industrial Arts Areas. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted in Virginia to develop a coordinated, articulated, competency-based curriculum for selected industrial arts areas from an identified common core of competencies. The competencies would include a set of performance objectives, a set of criterion-referenced measures, and a set of instructional resource guides in the…

Thomas Nelson Community Coll., Hampton, VA.

23

Competency Based Curricula Development for the Mining and Related Industries. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report of a curriculum research project conducted to develop a competency based curriculum for the mining and related industries is presented in three parts. First, the activities that took place during the last two months of the project are summarized. Second, an overview of the accomplishments of the project during the entire funding…

Buriak, John P.

24

Competency-Based Curriculum Development in Medical Education. An Introduction. Public Health Papers No. 68.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a resource for members of the World Health Organization, this guide on competency-based curriculum development in medical education may be applied to programs for other health professions and occupations. An explanation of subject-centered curricula and integrated curricula is offered, and ways in which these models differ from…

McGaghie, William C.; And Others

25

Competency-Based Curriculum Development in Medical Education. An Introduction. Public Health Papers No. 68.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed as a resource for members of the World Health Organization, this guide on competency-based curriculum development in medical education may be applied to programs for other health professions and occupations. An explanation of subject-centered curricula and integrated curricula is offered, and ways in which these models differ from…

McGaghie, William C.; And Others

26

A competency-based approach to preparing staff as recreation and youth development leaders.  

PubMed

Youth development professionals and parks and recreation professionals often are charged with providing services to youth. However, the approach of each can be quite different as recreation is a primary focus for recreation professionals and part of many services offered by youth development specialists. Despite the differences, these two groups of professionals can learn a great deal from each other. This article examines youth development and staff training with examples from the field and suggests how youth development professionals can learn from recreation professionals and vice versa. It suggests that parks and recreation professionals can strengthen degree programs, accreditation, certification, and continuing education by incorporating specific youth development competencies established by the National Collaboration for Youth. For their part, youth development professionals can learn from parks and recreation professionals how to enhance recreation programming as part of their services by gaining an understanding of program design, program and activity leadership, and administrative practices. With much debate over whether more education or more experience is a better path for those working with youth, the authors suggest that a combination of both will adhere to the quality of staff. Staff gain further knowledge and skill from academic preparation at the undergraduate and graduate levels, field-based training through jobs and internships, and continuing education courses specializing in youth development competencies and recreation-based competencies set within a youth development environment. PMID:21786414

Barcelona, Robert J; Hurd, Amy R; Bruggeman, Jennifer A

2011-01-01

27

Drafting. Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency based drafting curriculum is presented in seven specialization sections with units in each section containing a competency statement, performance objective, learning activities, evaluation, and quiz or problem sheets. Some units also contain answer sheets and/or handout sheets. Sections and number of units presented are (1) basic…

Everly, Al; And Others

28

How to develop a competency-based examination blueprint for longitudinal standardized patient clinical skills assessments.  

PubMed

Background: Objective Structured Clinical Exams (OSCEs) with standardized patients (SPs) are commonly used in medical education to assess learners' clinical skills. However, assessments are often discrete rather than intentionally developmentally sequenced. Aims: We developed an examination blueprint to optimize assessment and feedback to learners with purposeful sequence as a series of longitudinally integrated assessments based on performance milestones. Integrated and progressive clinical skills assessments offer several benefits: assessment of skill development over time, systematic identification of learning needs, data for individualized feedback and learning plans, and baseline reference points for reassessment. Methods: Using a competency-based medical education (CBME) framework, we translated pre-determined competency milestones for medical students' patient encounters into a four-year SP-based OSCE examination blueprint. Results: Initial evaluation of cases using the blueprint revealed opportunities to target less frequently assessed competencies and to align assessments with milestones for each year. Conclusions: The examination blueprint can guide ongoing SP-based OSCE case design. Future iterations of examination blueprints can incorporate lessons learnt from evaluation data and student feedback. PMID:23848440

Mookherjee, Somnath; Chang, Anna; Boscardin, Christy K; Hauer, Karen E

2013-07-12

29

Systems-Based Practice Defined: Taxonomy Development and Role Identification for Competency Assessment of Residents  

PubMed Central

Purpose To demonstrate a methodology for coding and taxonomy development and to operationally define residents' competence in systems-based practice (SBP) in terms of observable roles, actions, and behaviors. Methods The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's (ACGME's) full-text definition of SBP and the 6 discrete expectations it contains were content analyzed. Structured interviews of 88 health care professionals using a variant of focus group interviews called nominal group processes were conducted and qualitatively analyzed to identify the key attributes of SBP. Themes obtained from these 2 procedures were conceptually matched and organized to create a taxonomy of observable SPB behaviors and the SBP domain. Results Six general resident roles emerged, under which 35 specific behavioral attributes were subsumed. From the SBP domain specified. Sample SBP items categorized by roles were derived that reflected “in-context” representations of ACGME SBP expectations. Conclusion Our comprehensive analysis created an operational representation of the SBP competency. The taxonomy development model provides a framework for constructing assessment instrument(s) that could be applied to the other ACGME competencies or complex concepts in medical education.

Graham, Mark J.; Naqvi, Zoon; Encandela, John; Harding, Kelli J.; Chatterji, Madhabi

2009-01-01

30

Evolution of an Innovation: Development of a Competency-Based Educational Research Course, 1972-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|During the fall quarter 1972, a total competency-based educational research course was offered at Florida International University. At that time, the course was characterized by prescribed competencies, criterion-referenced evaluation, the absence of tests, credit-no credit grading, self pacing, unlimited recycling to criterion, and individual…

Gay, L. R.

31

History and testimony of competency-based development at Sandia National Laboratories.  

SciTech Connect

More than ten years ago, Sandia managers defined a set of traits and characteristics that were needed for success at Sandia. Today, the Sandia National Laboratories Success Profile Competencies continue to be powerful tools for employee and leadership development. The purpose of this report is to revisit the historical events that led to the creation and adaptation of the competencies and to position them for integration in future employee selection, development, and succession planning processes. This report contains an account of how the competencies were developed, testimonies of how they are used within the organization, and a description of how they will be foundational elements of new processes.

Burt, Rebecca A.; Narahara, Sheryl K.

2004-04-01

32

Competence and Competency-based Training: What the Literature Says  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review, commissioned by the National Quality Council, provides a historical account of the development of competency-based training in Australia and summarises the issues arising from the range of reviews conducted on elements of the national training system. It also explores the variety of ways in which competence is conceived…

Guthrie, Hugh

2009-01-01

33

Organisational learning and competence development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with the formulation of a framework for understanding the development and change of the competences of firms. Today, there is near universal agreement that the competitiveness of firms rests on the (core) competences that firms possess. However, little attention has been devoted to the notion of competence development. In the paper, it will be argued that

Anders Drejer

2000-01-01

34

Competency-Based Achievement System  

PubMed Central

Abstract Problem addressed Family medicine residency programs require innovative means to assess residents’ competence in “soft” skills (eg, patient-centred care, communication, and professionalism) and to identify residents who are having difficulty early enough in their residency to provide remedial training. Objective of program To develop a method to assess residents’ competence in various skills and to identify residents who are having difficulty. Program description The Competency-Based Achievement System (CBAS) was designed to measure competence using 3 main principles: formative feedback, guided self-assessment, and regular face-to-face meetings. The CBAS is resident driven and provides a framework for meaningful interactions between residents and advisors. Residents use the CBAS to organize and review their feedback, to guide their own assessment of their progress, and to discern their future learning needs. Advisors use the CBAS to monitor, guide, and verify residents’ knowledge of and competence in important skills. Conclusion By focusing on specific skills and behaviour, the CBAS enables residents and advisors to make formative assessments and to communicate their findings. Feedback indicates that the CBAS is a user-friendly and helpful system to assess competence.

Ross, Shelley; Poth, Cheryl N.; Donoff, Michel; Humphries, Paul; Steiner, Ivan; Schipper, Shirley; Janke, Fred; Nichols, Darren

2011-01-01

35

An Assessment System for Competence Based Education: The Educational Development, Dissemination, and Evaluation Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual provides a description of the development and a guide to the use of the assessment resources developed in connection with the Far West Development, Dissemination, and Evaluation (DD&E) Functional Competence Training Program. The document concentrates on a user-oriented description of the content, validation, and use of the final…

Hood, Paul D.; Blackwell, Laird

36

Building Construction. Competency-Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed and field-tested over a 2-year period by vocational teachers in West Virginia, this competency-based building construction curriculum contains five units of study: Safety, form carpentry, carpentry, masonry, and plumbing. Each unit is subdivided into several competencies, and for each competency taught the performance objectives,…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

37

The development of a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for BSN graduates.  

PubMed

Under the current nursing education system in Taiwan, a fair and objective evaluation of group health teaching competency has been lacking for a long time. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to establish a competency-based group health teaching performance examination model for baccalaureate graduates. Action research was the main research methodology used in this study. The research consisted of two phases. In the first phase, a development committee was established. Based on routine discussions, literature reviews and realistic cases, a draft examination model with quasi-clinical situation model content and procedure was developed. Examination Facility Preparations, Simulated Scenarios and Client Recruitments, Examination Result Evaluation (evaluated by teachers) and Learning Guidelines were also prepared. This draft was reviewed twice for expert opinion, a pilot test was done and both the draft and pilot testing were reviewed again before the draft was finalized. The second phase involved refining the examination model by actually practicing the completed draft examination model in a simulated group-teaching setting in order to examine the model's reliability and validity. Fifteen people were involved in this experiment: three nursing personnel each having at least two years' clinical and teaching experience; three nursing students who did not have actual clinical experience and had not taken the course of teaching principles; three senior teachers; and six virtual patients. The responses from the nursing personnel, nursing students, teachers, and virtual patients who participated in the testing were gathered and integrated to refine the model. The model has content, expert and discriminative validity. The reliability of the model was proven by the high consistency in administration and scoring of the model by clinical examiners. This examination model is not only applicable for the proof of students' credit point exemption, but also as an alternative option for examining nursing personnel in traditional nursing education and practice. PMID:19061174

Tai, Chun-Yi; Chung, Ue-Lin

2008-12-01

38

Establishing a vendor neutral skills based framework for digital forensics curriculum development and competence assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines an approach being undertaken between ECU and the Australian Electronic Evidence Special Advisory Group (EESAG) in the production of vendor neutral skills matrix for developing curriculum and evaluating competence. The framework is constructed using Blooms Taxonomy of Learning. This is a work in progress paper and covers the inital stages of the development

Craig Valli

2006-01-01

39

Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

Ross-Harrington, Melinda

40

Development of a Competency-Based Curriculum for Upgrading Water Treatment Technicians. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The major purpose of a project has been to develop an instructional program for training water treatment technicians through the cooperative efforts of industry, the regulatory agency (West Virginia State Department of Health), and vocational education. After the appropriate job competencies were identified, a program was developed combining a…

Ross-Harrington, Melinda

41

Development of competency-based web learning material and effect evaluation of self-directed learning aptitudes on learning achievements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the sample of 38 students. The results of this study indicate

Chi-Cheng Chang

2006-01-01

42

New horizons: developing the novice infection control nurse through work-based learning and the new professional core competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article aims to provide the reader with an example of using the professional core competencies for infection control nurses, together with the self-assessment tool, to provide a framework for the development of a trainee infection control nurse using the opportunities for work-based learning that present themselves as an integral part of this clinical nurse specialist role. The development of

L Tew; D King; L Moore; D Meyers

2002-01-01

43

A Comprehensive Competence-Based Approach in Curriculum Development: Experiences from African and European Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To describe the methodological steps of developing an integrated reference guide for competences according to the profile of the healthcare professionals concerned. Design: Human resources in healthcare represent a complex issue, which needs conceptual and methodological frameworks and tools to help one understand reality and the…

Parent, F.; Baulana, R.; Kahombo, G.; Coppieters, Y.; Garant, M.; De Ketele, J.-M.

2011-01-01

44

Developing gerontological competency: a curriculum approach.  

PubMed

This study describes a competency-based educational approach to course development, implementation, and evaluation. The course model is presented, including its philosophical base. The authors hypothesized that student participation in a competency-based graduate gerontology course would increase their perceived competency level. Results indicate that students (N?=?74 students; 2008-2011) rated their competency skill level as higher at posttest than at the pretest (paired t-tests, p < .01), as measured by the Geriatric Social Work Competency Scale II. In addition, pretest/posttest results on the Myths of Aging checklist and Expectations Regarding Aging survey supported increases of perceived knowledge of older adults at posttest (p < .01). This project illustrates the benefits of organizing and implementing competency-based curriculum so that students are better prepared to work with older adults when they graduate. PMID:23701513

Galambos, Colleen; Curl, Angela

2013-05-23

45

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Computer Assisted/Computer Integrated Manufacturing Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The project described in this report was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in conjunction with area vocational-technical schools, the second year of a competency-based curriculum in computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM). During the project, a task force of teachers from the area schools and the…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

46

A comprehensive competence-based approach in curriculum development: Experiences from African and European contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the methodological steps of developing an integrated reference guide for competences according to the profile of the healthcare professionals concerned.Design: Human resources in healthcare represent a complex issue, which needs conceptual and methodological frameworks and tools to help one understand reality and the limits of one’s acts.Setting: This study uses results from four contexts (Belgium\\/Europe, Democratic Republic

F Parent; R Baulana; G Kahombo; Y Coppieters; M Garant; J-M De Ketele

2011-01-01

47

Developing Intercultural Communicative Competence through Online Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on Byram's (1997) definition of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) and on specific types of discourse analysis proposed by Kramsch and Thorne (2002) and Ware and Kramsch (2005), this article explores how online exchanges can play a role in second language learners' development of pragmatic competence and ICC. With data obtained…

Chun, Dorothy M.

2011-01-01

48

Practical Approaches to Developing Cultural Competency  

Microsoft Academic Search

The same demographic trends and cultural changes that have caused government agencies and private sector businesses to train their associates to be culturally competent are affecting the nursing profession. The patient-centered orientation of nurses makes it essential that they also be culturally competent by accessing cultural knowledge and developing cultural skills. What follows are vignettes and personal experiences based on

Barbara DiCicco-Bloom

2000-01-01

49

Developing Intercultural Communicative Competence through Online Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Byram's (1997) definition of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) and on specific types of discourse analysis proposed by Kramsch and Thorne (2002) and Ware and Kramsch (2005), this article explores how online exchanges can play a role in second language learners' development of pragmatic competence and ICC. With data obtained…

Chun, Dorothy M.

2011-01-01

50

Competence in Competency-Based Supervision Practice: Construct and Application  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing competent clinical supervision is challenging for the practitioner both in determining supervisee competencies and in conducting the corresponding supervision. Competence, an ethical principle that informs the practice of psychology, refers to requisite knowledge, skills, and values for effective performance. Similar to other health care professions, psychology is increasingly moving towards competency-based approaches in education, training, and performance appraisal. In

Carol A. Falender; Edward P. Shafranske

2007-01-01

51

Development and validation of the competence in evidence based practice questionnaire (EBP-COQ) among nursing students  

PubMed Central

Background Nursing educators need rigorously developed instruments to assess competency in evidence based practice (EBP) at undergraduate level. This concept is defined as the capability to choose and use an integrated combination of knowledge, skills and attitudes with the intention to develop a task in a certain context. Also, we understand that EBP is gaining knowledge and skills, as well as increasing positive attitudes toward EBP that will promote a change in behaviour to implement EBP in practice. This study aims to develop a psychometric test of the Evidence Based Practice Evaluation Competence Questionnaire (EBP-COQ) among undergraduate nursing students. Methods The questionnaire was developed by item generation through a review of scientific literature and focus groups. The instrument was validated in terms of content validity through an expert review. The EBP-COQ was administered to a cohort of nursing students (n =100) to evaluate test reliability and select the best items. Psychometric properties of the final instrument were assessed in a sample of 261 nursing students. Results The EBP-COQ consisted of 25 items. A factorial analysis grouped the items into the three categories that define competence relating to EBP: attitude, knowledge and skills. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.888 for the entire questionnaire. The factor solution explained 55.55% of the variance. Conclusions EBP-COQ appears to measure with adequate reliability the attributes of undergraduate nursing students’ competence in EBP. The instrument is quick to disseminate and easy to score, making it a suitable instrument for nursing educators to evaluate students’ self-perceived competence in EBP.

2013-01-01

52

Competence-Based VET as Seen by Dutch Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The concept of competence is increasingly the basis for (re)designing VET. In competence-based VET academic disciplines are no longer starting points for curriculum development. Competence needed for working in practice, however, is. Competence-based learning is a dominant trend in VET in several countries because of fewer expected problems in…

Wesselink, Renate; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Mulder, Martin; van den Elsen, Elke R.

2007-01-01

53

Developing medical students as teachers: An anatomy-based student-as-teacher program with emphasis on core teaching competencies.  

PubMed

Teaching is an increasingly recognized responsibility of the resident physician. Residents, however, often assume teaching responsibilities without adequate preparation. Consequently, many medical schools have implemented student-as-teacher (SAT) programs that provide near-peer teaching opportunities to senior medical students. Near-peer teaching is widely regarded as an effective teaching modality; however, whether near-peer teaching experiences in medical school prepare students for the teaching demands of residency is less understood. We explored whether the anatomy-based SAT program through the Human Structure didactic block at Mayo Medical School addressed the core teaching competencies of a medical educator and prepared its participants for further teaching roles in their medical careers. A web-based survey was sent to all teaching assistants in the anatomy-based SAT program over the past five years (2007-2011). Survey questions were constructed based on previously published competencies in seven teaching domains - course development, course organization, teaching execution, student coaching, student assessment, teacher evaluation, and scholarship. Results of the survey indicate that participants in the anatomy-based SAT program achieved core competencies of a medical educator and felt prepared for the teaching demands of residency. Anat Sci Educ 6: 385-392. © 2013 American Association of Anatomists. PMID:23907836

Andrew Jay, Erie; Starkman, Sidney J; Pawlina, Wojciech; Lachman, Nirusha

2013-03-21

54

Developing a Competency-Based Component for the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competencies are identified for the four primary instructional areas of the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum: plant science, agricultural mechanics, natural resources, and animal science. The competencies for each instructional area are divided into those for exploratory units generally appropriate for instruction at the…

EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

55

The development and evaluation of a competency-based program for patients with a ventricular assist device.  

PubMed

The ventricular assist device (VAD) is a mechanical device that is used to provide long term support either as a bridge or as an alternative to transplantation for patients suffering from end stage heart failure. While in hospital, patients with a VAD have traditionally been taught by an educator nurse with VAD expertise in preparation for discharge. In 2004, our centre implemented a successful competency-based patient education program in post-heart transplant patients and thought that a similar program may provide increased confidence for bedside nurses to actively participate in VAD patient education prior to discharge. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to create a competency-based education program that would provide consistency in patient teaching. A questionnaire was developed and completed by 13 bedside nurses. This pre-test questionnaire indicated the need for a systematic and organized approach to VAD patient teaching. Furthermore, adequate resources, consistency in teaching methods, and feedback were seen to be essential. A pilot competency-based program was designed to lead bedside nurses and patients through a series of learning phases and has successfully been implemented. Since its implementation, the questionnaire has been repeated with results reflecting satisfaction with the revised competency-based program. Our findings and evaluation of the program through pre- and post-testing reflect an increase in organization in our teaching methods and has led to improved confidence and satisfaction for bedside nurses using this program. By redeveloping the current method of VAD education, our goal has been to improve the ways in which we deliver teaching to our patients. It is thought that, as with our experience in the post-heart transplant population, bedside nurses and team members will feel more empowered to provide teaching to patients with a VAD. PMID:22908523

Loughran, Stephanie; Kealy, Jennifer; Shook, Alyssa; Kaan, Annemarie

2012-01-01

56

Development of a Moodle Course for Schoolchildren's Table Tennis Learning Based on Competence Motivation Theory: Its Effectiveness in Comparison to Traditional Training Method  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on Competence Motivation Theory (CMT), a Moodle course for schoolchildren's table tennis learning was developed (The URL is http://www.bssepp.com, and this course allows guest access). The effects of the course on students' knowledge, perceived competence and interest were evaluated through quantitative methods. The sample of the study…

Zou, Junhua; Liu, Qingtang; Yang, Zongkai

2012-01-01

57

Identity Development and Multicultural Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the relationship of identity development, measured by the Self-identity Inventory (SII), and universal-diverse orientation (UDO) to multicultural counseling competence. After controlling for personal identity variables, multicultural coursework and training, and social desirability, multiple regression analyses indicated…

Munley, Patrick H.; Lidderdale, Melissa A.; Thiagarajan, Monica; Null, Ursla

2004-01-01

58

Bases of Competence: An Instrument for Self and Institutional Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The "Bases of Competence" model provides a general framework for learner-centred skill development and programme-focused outcomes assessment. Based on previous research, the "Bases of Competence" model describes 17 skills and four base competencies important to graduates to achieve high performance in the workplace. Taking this work from research…

Berdrow, Iris; Evers, Frederick T.

2010-01-01

59

Competence-based curriculum development for general practice in Germany: a stepwise peer-based approach instead of reinventing the wheel  

PubMed Central

Background Improving postgraduate medical training is one important step to attract more medical students into general practice. Keeping pace with international developments moving to competence-based curricula for general practice training, the aim of this project was to develop and implement such a curriculum in Germany. Methods A five-step, peer-based method was used for the curriculum development process including panel testing and a “test version” of the curriculum for the pilot implementation phase. The CanMEDS framework served as a basis for a new German competence-based curriculum in general practice training. Four curricula from European countries and Canada were reviewed and, following required cultural adaptions, key strengths from these were integrated. For the CanMEDS “medical expertise” element of the curriculum, the WONCA ICPC-2 classification of patient’s “reason for encounters” was also integrated. Results Altogether, 37 participants were involved in the development process representing 12 different federal states in Germany, and including an expert advisor from Denmark. An official “test version” of the curriculum consisting of three parts: medical expertise, additional competencies and medical procedures was established. A system of self-assessment for trainees was integrated into the curriculum using a traffic light scale. Since March 2012, the curriculum has been made freely available online as a “test version”. In 2014, an evaluation is planned using feedback from users of the test model as a further stage of the implementation process. Conclusions The first German competence-based curriculum for general practice training has been developed using a pragmatic peer controlled approach and implementation is being trialed with a “test version” of the curriculum. This model project and its peer-based methodology may support competence-based curriculum development for other medical specialties both inside and outside Germany.

2013-01-01

60

Development and evaluation of a web-based breast cancer cultural competency course for primary healthcare providers  

PubMed Central

Background To develop and evaluate a continuing medical education (CME) course aimed at improving healthcare provider knowledge about breast cancer health disparities and the importance of cross-cultural communication in provider-patient interactions about breast cancer screening. Methods An interactive web-based CME course was developed and contained information about breast cancer disparities, the role of culture in healthcare decision making, and demonstrated a model of cross-cultural communication. A single group pre-/post-test design was used to assess knowledge changes. Data on user satisfaction was also collected. Results In all, 132 participants registered for the CME with 103 completing both assessments. Differences between pre-/post-test show a significant increase in knowledge (70% vs. 94%; p < .001). Ninety-five percent of participants agreed that the web based training was an appropriate tool to train healthcare providers about cultural competency and health disparities. Conclusion There was an overall high level of satisfaction among all users. Users felt that learning objectives were met and the web-based format was appropriate and easy to use and suggests that web-based CME formats are an appropriate tool to teach cultural competency skills. However, more information is needed to understand how the CME impacted practice behaviors.

2011-01-01

61

Pedagogical Catalysts of Civic Competence: The Development of a Critical Epistemological Model for Community-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Democratic problem-solving necessitates an active and informed citizenry, but existing research on service-learning has shed little light on the relationship between pedagogical practices and civic competence outcomes. This study developed and tested a model to represent that relationship and identified pedagogical catalysts of civic competence

Stokamer, Stephanie

2013-01-01

62

Industrial Arts Instructional Tasks/Competencies for Energy and Power. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This instructional task/competency package is designed to help teachers and administrators in developing competency-based instructional materials for an energy and power course. Part 1 contains a description of the industrial arts program and a course description, instructional task/competency list, and content outline for energy and power. The…

George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA.

63

The Development of a Procedure for the Design of Competency Based Modular Instructional Programs. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was designed to develop a curriculum model based on salient, sequenced occupational tasks. After an extensive literature review and staff discussions, a modified Q-Sort procedure was formulated to select and sequence tasks. The procedure made it possible to readily utilize a catalogue of tasks compiled by the Vocational-Technical…

Schurter, William J.

64

Competency-Based Behavioral Interviewing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Directors too often rely primarily on their hunches to guide them in employee selection. But what if their hunches are only 30 percent correct? Potentially, one bad hire could be responsible for a noticeable decrease in enrollment and, as a result, the school's net revenue. In this article, the author discusses the Competency-Based Behavioral…

Garrigues, Sarah M.

2012-01-01

65

Competency-Based Behavioral Interviewing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Directors too often rely primarily on their hunches to guide them in employee selection. But what if their hunches are only 30 percent correct? Potentially, one bad hire could be responsible for a noticeable decrease in enrollment and, as a result, the school's net revenue. In this article, the author discusses the Competency-Based Behavioral…

Garrigues, Sarah M.

2012-01-01

66

Competency Based Refresher Nurse Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based course is designed to update the skills and knowledge of inactive nurses desiring to return to active practice. Focus of the course is on organizing and managing patient care using the nursing process; performing nursing procedures, including medication administration; and reintegrating oneself into the professional…

Lombardo, Mary C.

67

Competency Based Refresher Nurse Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based course is designed to update the skills and knowledge of inactive nurses desiring to return to active practice. Focus of the course is on organizing and managing patient care using the nursing process; performing nursing procedures, including medication administration; and reintegrating oneself into the professional…

Lombardo, Mary C.

68

Origins of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the theories and social factors that contributed to the development of competency-based training (CBT). These include behaviorism (Edward L. Thorndike), scientific management (Frederick Taylor), progressive education (John Dewey), and derivative theories including operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner), objectives-based

McCowan, Richard J.

1998-01-01

69

Managing Competency-Based Preparation of School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article proposes that an a priori approach for developing counselor competencies can be improved by using sixteen steps based on principles from business and industrial management. The result is a proper foundation for the establishment of valid school counselor competencies on which the competency-based preparation program can be built.…

Saylor, Robert H.

1976-01-01

70

Competency-Based Education: Beyond Minimum Competency Testing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this book comprised of six chapters, multiple aspects of competency based education (CBE) are discussed contextually by various authors in terms of the current educational climate wherein the primary emphasis is upon learning outcomes rather than the process of learning itself. To illuminate the notion of competence, Chapter 1 presents:…

Nickse, Ruth, Ed.; McClure, Larry, Ed.

71

A New Approach: Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes competency-based education, discusses the alleged strenghts and weaknesses as presented by its supporters and critics, and points up the impact of competency-based education on the home economist, particularly the home economics educator. (TA)|

Hall, Katherine B.

1976-01-01

72

A Competency Based Teacher Certification System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a Competency Based Teacher Certification System is a cooperative effort of the Carroll County System and the School of Education, West Georgia College, supported by a grant from the Georgia State Department of Education. As a step toward solving the problem of recertifying teachers who possess basic credentials and have taught…

Coker, Homer

73

Developing intercultural competence through videogames  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective intercultural collaboration requires intercultural competence. Intercultural competence involves awareness of the differences between cultures, knowledge about the beliefs, values, and practices of other cultures, and the skill to apply that knowledge effortlessly and effectively in interpersonal interactions. Acquiring intercultural competence can involve intensive study of the target culture, as well as immersion in social milieu of the target culture.

W. Lewis Johnson

2009-01-01

74

Tractor Mechanic--Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed to assist vocational agricultural mechanics students in learning to be tractor mechanics, this curriculum guide contains all the student competency sheets which comprise this competency-based curriculum. These competency sheets are categorized under sixteen instructional units. The first two units cover employment opportunities and…

McCann, Edward W.

75

Developing clinical competency in crisis event management: an integrated simulation problem-based learning activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to evaluate the integration of a simulation based learning activity on nursing students’ clinical crisis\\u000a management performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. It was hypothesized that the clinical performance of\\u000a first year nursing students who participated in a simulated learning activity during the PBL session would be superior to\\u000a those who completed the conventional problem-based session.

S. Y. Liaw; F. G. Chen; P. Klainin; J. Brammer; A. O’Brien; D. D. Samarasekera

2010-01-01

76

Keynote Address: Developing and Measuring Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In distinguishing it from occupational competence, this article defines competence in higher education as a cluster of qualities, characteristics, and abilities that may or may not have clear vocational applications. Suggests that a competence model based on industry's clearly defined roles and performances would be inappropriate for higher…

Otter, Sue

1992-01-01

77

Developing Clinical Competency in Crisis Event Management: An Integrated Simulation Problem-Based Learning Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study aimed to evaluate the integration of a simulation based learning activity on nursing students' clinical crisis management performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. It was hypothesized that the clinical performance of first year nursing students who participated in a simulated learning activity during the PBL session…

Liaw, S. Y.; Chen, F. G.; Klainin, P.; Brammer, J.; O'Brien, A.; Samarasekera, D. D.

2010-01-01

78

Developing operational competence in purchasing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper contributes to the emerging theory of purchasing competence. First, it replicates and cross-validates the construct with five underlying supply-side competence dimensions of Narasimhan, Jayaram and Carter (2001), using telephone survey data from 200 high-turnover European companies. The addition of an IT Competence dimension to the construct is proposed and empirically validated. In response to the growing importance of

Adrian Done

2011-01-01

79

Competence development in the workplace: concepts, strategies and effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of the expectations that exist regarding efforts to develop competence and in spite of the large amounts of resources\\u000a devoted to it, there is a marked lack of empirically-based research on competence development in companies and other organizations.\\u000a The purpose of this article is to present a review of research on strategies for competence development in organizations,\\u000a their

Per-Erik Eilström; Henrik Kock

2008-01-01

80

Using Qualitative Research to Develop Culturally Competent Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kazdin pointed out that the requirement for evidence-based practice (EBP) has made the long-standing gap between research and practice in clinical psychology even more salient. He offered several strategies for bridging this gap: investigating mechanisms and moderators of therapeutic change, and qualitative research. We agree that qualitative…

Silverstein, Louise Bordeaux; Auerbach, Carl F.

2009-01-01

81

Using Qualitative Research to Develop Culturally Competent Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Kazdin pointed out that the requirement for evidence-based practice (EBP) has made the long-standing gap between research and practice in clinical psychology even more salient. He offered several strategies for bridging this gap: investigating mechanisms and moderators of therapeutic change, and qualitative research. We agree that qualitative…

Silverstein, Louise Bordeaux; Auerbach, Carl F.

2009-01-01

82

Development of a Competency-Based Vocational Education IEP Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project completed and field tested the concept of vocational instructors and special educators jointly planning curriculum objectives for the handicapped/special needs learner. The diagnostic-prescriptive individualized education (IEP) model developed at Bloomsburg University (Pennsylvania) or IEP Planner was used. Eight occupational areas were…

Bloomsburg Univ., PA.

83

Competence-based Early Professional Development: first impressions of the Northern Ireland programme  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article records beginning teacher (BT) experience of the Early Professional Development (EPD) programme introduced in Northern Ireland in 1998. It reviews the integrated, partnership and competencebased teacher education programme of which EPD is the latest episode. Samples of BTs currently in the programme were interviewed and surveyed by questionnaire. Key programme features were scrutinised: extent of BT involvement in

Hugh Kearns

2001-01-01

84

Competency Based Education: Understanding a Political Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The trend toward competency-based education and competency testing is the work of legislators and politicians, not educators. Some of the latter express serious reservations about it. The minimum competency testing movement is a result of the effort to integrate minorities into the mainstream of society. (JOW)|

Ross, Dorene D.

1982-01-01

85

Development of Competency-Based Vocational Agricultural Instructional Materials for Handicapped Students Enrolled in Regular Agriculture Programs Other Than Horticulture. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report includes a description of a project to develop and field-test competency-based instructional materials for handicapped students enrolled in regular vocational agriculture programs; a list of project advisory personnel; the clusters of skills identified as appropriate for handicapped students enrolled in courses in dairy production,…

Baggett, Connie D.; And Others

86

Competence Development in the Workplace: Concepts, Strategies and Effects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In spite of the expectations that exist regarding efforts to develop competence and in spite of the large amounts of resources devoted to it, there is a marked lack of empirically-based research on competence development in companies and other organizations. The purpose of this article is to present a review of research on strategies for…

Ellstrom, Per-Erik; Kock, Henrik

2008-01-01

87

Basic competence in intensive and critical care nursing: development and psychometric testing of a competence scale.  

PubMed

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To develop a scale to assess basic competence in intensive and critical care nursing. In this study, basic competence denotes preliminary competence to practice in an intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: There is a need for competence assessment scales in intensive care nursing practice and education. The nursing care performed in the intensive care unit is special by its nature and needs to be assessed as such. At this moment, however, there is no tested, reliable and valid scale in this field. DESIGN: A multi-phase, multi-method development and psychometric testing of the scale was conducted. METHODS: The scale was developed in three phases. First, following a literature review and Delphi study, the items were created. Second, the scale was pilot tested twice by nursing students (n(1 ) = 18, n(2 ) = 56) and intensive care nurses (n(1 ) = 12, n(2 ) = 54), and revisions were made. Third, reliability and construct validity were tested by graduating nursing students (n = 139) and intensive care nurses (n = 431). RESULTS: The Intensive and Critical Care Nursing Competence Scale (ICCN-CS-1) is a self-assessment test consisting of 144 items. Basic competence is divided into patient-related clinical competence and general professional competence. In addition, basic competence is comprised of knowledge base, skill base, attitude and value base and experience base. ICCN-CS-1 is a reliable and tolerably valid scale. CONCLUSIONS: The ICCN-CS-1 is a promising scale for use among nursing students and nurses. Future research is needed to evaluate its construct validity further and to assess its suitability for completion during intensive care unit's orientation programmes and nursing students' clinical practice in an intensive care unit. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The ICCN-CS-1 can be used for basic competence assessment in professional development discussions in intensive care units, in mentor evaluation situations during nursing students' clinical practice and in intensive care nursing education. PMID:23331409

Lakanmaa, Riitta-Liisa; Suominen, Tarja; Perttilä, Juha; Ritmala-Castrén, Marita; Vahlberg, Tero; Leino-Kilpi, Helena

2013-01-18

88

Philosophical and Psychological Rationale for Competency-Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In reviewing the development of competency-based teacher education, emphasis was placed on philosophical and psychological rationales and on systems analysis. The philosophical rationale stresses the acquisition of knowledge in teacher education programs. Competency-based teacher education programs broaden this scope to include the application of…

Kaufman, Barry A.

89

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Firefighter Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based education curriculum, developed by firefighters and educators in West Virginia, is designed for use as a resource for the development of improved firefighter training programs. It consists of an introductory note to the instructor and 140 competency sheets. These sheets deal with tasks in the following areas: general…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

90

METACOGNITION AND SOFTWARE DEVELOPER COMPETENCY: CONSTRUCT DEVELOPMENT AND EMPIRICAL VALIDATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software developer competence is essential for developing quality systems. Typically past experience, education and training, academic and professional references, tests, and interviews are used to assess developer competence. In this paper we propose that to obtain a holistic assessment of competence, it is essential to evaluate developer perceptions and beliefs on what they can achieve since these beliefs can impact

Paul J. Ambrose

2007-01-01

91

Handwriting Development, Competency, and Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Failure to attain handwriting competency during the school-age years often has far-reaching negative effects on both academic success and self-esteem. This complex occupational task has many underlying component skills that may interfere with handwriting performance. Fine motor control, bilateral and visual-motor integration, motor planning,…

Feder, Katya P.; Majnemer, Annette

2007-01-01

92

[Developing the core competencies of long-term care professionals].  

PubMed

Longer average life expectancies and an ageing society have made long-term care an urgent and important issue in Taiwan. Although the implementation of Long-Term Care Ten-year Project four years ago has begun showing success in terms of assessing Taiwan's needs in terms of long-term care services and resources, there has been little forward progress in terms of training, recruiting and maintaining more competent professionals in the long-term care sector. This paper explores the current state of long-term care competency in Taiwan and educational strategies in place to improve the competency of long-term care professionals. Results indicate that the term geriatric competency embraces sub-competencies in direct care, communication, assessment, teamwork, cultural sensitivities and career care competencies. The term long-term care competency embraces the sub-competencies of supervision, management, information technology, resource management, and organizational skill. As a main contributor to effective long-term care, the nursing profession must employ effective strategies to develop competency-based education. Also, the profession must have an adequate supply of competent manpower to effectively respond to Taiwan's aging society. PMID:23212250

Chen, Huey-Tzy; Lee, Kuang-Ting

2012-12-01

93

Scanning probe microscopy competency development  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The project collaborators developed an ultra-high vacuum scanning tunneling microscope (UHV-STM) capability, integrated it with existing scanning probe microscopes, and developed new, advanced air-based scanning force techniques (SPMs). Programmatic, basic, and industrially related laboratory research requires the existence of SPMs, as well as expertise capable of providing local nano-scale information. The UHV-STM capability, equipped with load-lock system and several surface science techniques, will allow introduction, examination, and reaction of surfaces prepared under well-controlled vacuum conditions, including the examination of morphology and local bonding associated with the initial stages of film growth under controlled growth conditions. The resulting capabilities will enable the authors to respond to a variety of problems requiring local characterization of conducting and nonconducting surfaces in liquids, air, and UHV.

Hawley, M.E.; Reagor, D.W.; Jia, Quan Xi [and others

1998-12-31

94

Problem-based Learning in a Competency-based World.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Problem-based learning emphasizes critical thinking and clinical judgment. Competency-based education focuses on clinical competence. A merger of the two in nursing education could generate higher levels of inquiry and more expert clinicians. (SK)|

Bechtel, Gregory A.; Davidhizar, Ruth; Bradshaw, Martha J.

1999-01-01

95

Competency-Based Occupational Programs: Identification, Structuring, and Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication presents results of the third phase of a Pensacola Junior College project to develop certain vocational programs as competency-based education. A brief narrative discusses the entire project--especially phase 3, which involved identification and definition of those competencies expected by an employer using input from an advisory…

Pensacola Junior Coll., FL.

96

Field-Oriented Competency-Based Training in School Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Project ROME-FOCUS (results-oriented management in education--field-oriented, competency utilization system) is a field-oriented, competency-based instructional program for school administrators pursuing the sixth-year degree at Valdosta State College. It represents an effort to develop and execute a training program that focuses on a group of 80…

Licata, Joseph W.; Wilson, Charles M.

97

Indiana Distributive Education Competency Based Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Indiana distributive education competency-based curriculum model is designed to help teachers and local administrators plan and conduct a comprehensive marketing and distributive education program. It is divided into three levels--one level for each year of a three-year program. The competencies common to a variety of marketing and…

Davis, Rod; And Others

98

Masonry. Teacher's Guide. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the competency based masonry student materials (see note). It is intended for use as a reference and aid in implementing the curriculum. The guide includes these sections: Identification and Validation of Job Titles and Competencies, Functions of the Developmental Committee, Program Organization…

Long, Diana

99

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide consists of a comprehensive list of competency-based performance objectives dealing with selected skill and knowledge competencies considered basic to the preparation of teacher-educators in residential building construction. Thirteen units of instruction subclassified into forty-one teaching sections are included with…

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield. Div. of Adult Vocational and Technical Education.

100

Competency-Based Horticulture: Turfgrass Maintenance Worker.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program for training turfgrass maintenance workers. It contains a master resource list, a listing of turfgrass maintenance resources available from various states, and 59 competency task sheets…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

101

The role of schools’ perceived human resource policies in teachers’ professional development activities: a comparative study of innovations toward competence-based education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The change toward competence-based education has implications for teachers as well as school management. This study investigates\\u000a which professional development activities teachers undertake related to this change and how these activities differ among\\u000a schools with various human resource (HR) policies. Two types of HR policy were involved: (1) a government-enforced, national\\u000a system of Integrated Personnel Management and (2) a voluntary,

Audrey Seezink; Rob Poell

2011-01-01

102

Ranking Competencies for Software Developers in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to prioritize\\/rank 12 existing software developer competencies and to find the pattern correlation among these competencies. A survey was designed to elicit responses from a target group (N=350) of software developers, system analysts, lecturers in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), ICT managers and others related to software industry (e.g. information technologist, software architect, computer

Nantaporn Booneka; Paiboon Kiattikomol

2008-01-01

103

Core competencies: A systems approach for training and organizational development in extension  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present a rationale for developing core competencies for training and organizational development in extension. Core competencies are defined as “the basic knowledge, attitudes, skills, and observable behaviors that lead to excellence in the workplace.” Competency-based models can be used to create an infrastructure that promotes innovation and continuous learning in every dimension of an extension organization. Competency models

Richard T. Liles; R. David Mustian

2004-01-01

104

Towards a competency-based framework for nursing management education.  

PubMed

Defining a competency-based model for nursing management development will help to establish core competencies for nursing managers which will not only strengthen their practice and provide further learning and development opportunities, but will also provide the basis to focus training and professional development efforts. This paper identifies the competencies important for effective nursing management in the public and private health sectors. A total of 420 senior nursing managers in South Africa were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. Respondents had to rate the importance of 51 competency items as it pertains to effective nursing management. Self-management, controlling, health/clinical, organizing, people management, planning and ethical/legal competencies were found the most valuable for optimal nursing management. These findings reflect the reality of the nursing management milieu and will be useful in the design and delivery of management development programmes aimed at enhancing nursing management capacity. PMID:21129106

Pillay, Rubin

2010-12-01

105

Developing confidence decreases guessing and increases competency.  

PubMed

Validating competency to meet accreditation and safety demands is a major challenge many organizations face. Traditional testing methods may only reflect guessing and may not capture the amount of misinformation nurses are using for critical decision making. Using a confidence-based learning methodology allows learners to correct misinformation and gain confidence and competency. J Contin Educ Nurs 2013;44(9):389-390. PMID:24015795

Center, Deborah L; Adams, Timothy M

2013-09-01

106

The Competency-Based Curriculum: Developing a Mosaic. Educational Forum Proceedings (Dunbar Senior High School, District of Columbia, April 7-8, 1978).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Included in this publication are presentations and summaries given at a forum designed to provide information about the status of the competency-based curriculum and its implications for competency-based education. On the topic "Instructional Support for CBC: Where the System Is Now," three presenters, James T. Guines, Wilbur A. Millard, and P.…

District of Columbia Public Schools, Washington, DC.

107

Agent-based cognitive model for human resources competence management.  

PubMed

This chapter presents an agent-based cognitive model aimed to represent human competency concepts and competence management processes of psychological nature. This model is implemented by a multiagent system application intended to help managers of software development projects to select, based on the competence management model, the right professionals to integrate a development team. There are several software engineering methodologies that can be used to design and develop multiagent systems. However, due to the necessity to handle human competency concepts of cognitive nature, like aptitudes, interests, abilities and knowledge, we were driven to choose methodologies that can handle these concepts since the inception of the system. To do so, we integrated the TROPOS methodology, and a set of software engineering methods derived from intelligent tutoring systems research to successfully analyze and design the proposed system. At the end of the paper we present a study case, showing how the proposed system should be applied to the domain of website development. PMID:20020341

Oliveira, Stefan; Gluz, João Carlos

2010-01-01

108

Integrating competence development into the curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aimed at developing academic and social competences in engineering students, a program has been designed that integrates this objective into the curriculum. Our experience with the development and implementation of such a program in first year engineering courses is described. Our results show that it is possible to reduce desertion and improve adaptation to college life and demands, among engineering

Nhora O. Acuna; Hernando Diaz; Jhon J. Ramirez

2011-01-01

109

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. An Overview of Tranquilizers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

110

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Stress and Disease.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. P. Mink

1981-01-01

111

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Miscellaneous Dental Instruments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

112

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Depression.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

113

Web-Based Support for Constructing Competence Maps: Design and Formative Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the design and formative evaluation of a Web-based tool that supports curriculum developers in constructing competence maps. Competence maps describe final attainment levels of educational programs in terms of--interrelated--competencies. Key requirements for the competence-mapping tool were validity and practicality.…

Stoof, Angela; Martens, Rob L.; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2007-01-01

114

Meiotic and Developmental Competence in Mice Are Compromised Following Follicle Development In Vitro Using an Alginate-Based Culture System1  

PubMed Central

Culture systems that support development and maturation of oocytes in vitro with a high efficiency would have great impact not only on research addressed at underlying mechanisms of oocyte development but also on preservation of fertility. Recently, attention has turned to using culture systems that preserve follicle integrity, in contrast to existing systems that do not maintain follicle integrity, with the hope of improving oocyte development. We report that an alginate-based follicle culture system supports both follicular and oocyte growth in vitro, with little effect on the oocyte transcriptome. Nevertheless, oocytes obtained from these follicles exhibit an increased incidence of defects in spindle formation and chromosome alignment as well as pronounced abnormalities in cortical granule biogenesis. Developmental competence is also highly compromised, because few matured oocytes develop into 1-cell embryos with pronuclei. This situation contrasts with a high incidence of pronuclear formation following development using an existing in vitro culture system that does not preserve follicle integrity.

Mainigi, Monica A.; Ord, Teri; Schultz, Richard M.

2011-01-01

115

Transmigrant Families: Intercultural and Bilingual Competences Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the results of a research project concerned with analysing and identifying the discourses and related strategies used by Spanish-German trans-migrant families to support and develop bilingual and intercultural competences stemming from their transmigratory experiences. Using the biographical-narrative approach, we…

Gonzalez Barea, Eva Ma.; Garcia-Cano Torrico, Maria; Marquez Lepe, Esther; Ruiz Garzon, Francisca; Pozo Llorente, Ma. Teresa; Dietz, Gunther

2010-01-01

116

Competency-based training for patient handling  

Microsoft Academic Search

A technique-training approach has traditionally been used to address the problem of back pain associated with patient handling. This project aimed to investigate whether different levels of safety culture, based on competency-based training, resulted in different behaviour (physical and cognitive) for patient handling tasks. Sixteen healthcare organisations in the UK participated from the acute and primary healthcare sectors. Archival data

Sue Hignett; Emma Crumpton

2007-01-01

117

Resource Guide to Competency-Based Vocational Education: Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This resource guide for classroom teachers contains annotations of resources representing recent instructional development in competency-based education for health occupations. It is also intended to assist curriculum specialists, administrators, and supervisors in development of performance-based instructional programs. The guide is divided into…

Foster, Phillip R., Comp.

118

Communicative Competence: Existing Concepts and Prospects for Further Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Communicative competence is set out to be of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The success of the sustainable development of communicative competence requires existing concepts of communicative competence

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

119

How to Measure Critical Health Competences: Development and Validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical…

Steckelberg, Anke; Hulfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jurgen; Rost, Jurgen; Muhlhauser, Ingrid

2009-01-01

120

Lifelong Competence Development: On the Advantages of Formal Competence-Performance Modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Please, cite this publication as: Kickmeier-Rust, M.D., Albert, D., & Steiner, C. (2006). Lifelong Competence Development: On the Advantages of Formal Competence-Performance Modeling. Proceedings of International Workshop in Learning Networks for Lifelong Competence Development, TENCompetence Conference. March 30th-31st, Sofia, Bulgaria: TENCompetence. Retrieved June 30th, 2006, from http:\\/\\/dspace.learningnetworks.org

Michael D. Kickmeier-Rust; Dietrich Albert; Christina Steiner

2006-01-01

121

Competency Based Education: A Sociological Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on the Competency Based Education (CBE) movement in a small Ohio school district, asking whether it represents radical change or reenforces status-quo social stratification. CBE was a product of the recent public demand for more educational accountability. It is a radical shift from traditional U.S. education insofar as it…

Graham, Thomas E.

122

Child Care Occupations/Competency Based Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based curriculum for child care occupations is composed of 30 tasks. For each task, the following information is provided: task title, task number, behavioral objectives, required resources, learning activities with required resources and/or assignments, and recommended student evaluation. Topics covered include participation in…

Hamilton, Trudy; And Others

123

Masonry: Task Analyses. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These task analyses are designed to be used in combination with the "Trade and Industrial Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in the masonry program in Virginia. The task analysis document contains the task inventory, suggested task sequence lists, and content outlines for the secondary courses…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

124

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended for use at Eastern Illinois University in a model curriculum designed to prepare secondary school teachers in the field of residential building, this curriculum guide provides a competency-based preservice construction trades program. The guide is divided into thirteen units as follows: (1) pre-construction planning; (2) structural…

Nelms, Howard F.

125

Development and Evaluation of the Teamwork Competencies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the subject that aims to develop the student's teamwork competencies which is one of the most important ability as an engineer, the appraisal method was investigated. Almost all the team activities were evaluated, and correlations with that result and the peer evaluation, the self-evaluation and the team peer evaluation were examined. It was found that the correlation between the quality of the team activities and the team peer evaluation which is evaluated by other team members is highest.

Furukawa, Tetsuro; Matsuishi, Masakatu; Matsumoto, Shigeo; Takemata, Kazuya; Yamakawa, Taketo

126

Competency-Based Nursing Career Ladder Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An open-entry/open-exit competency-based nursing career ladder model was developed to demonstrate the articulation process from high school through licensed vocational nursing (LVN), associate degree nursing (ADN), and baccalaureate degree-level nursing (BSN) programs. The model was based on data obtained from a review of the literature on (1)…

Wilson, Janie Menchaca; And Others

127

Development and validation of a competency framework for veterinarians.  

PubMed

Changing demands from society and the veterinary profession call for veterinary medical curricula that can deliver veterinarians who are able to integrate specific and generic competencies in their professional practice. This requires educational innovation directed by an integrative veterinary competency framework to guide curriculum development. Given the paucity of relevant information from the veterinary literature, a qualitative multi-method study was conducted to develop and validate such a framework. A competency framework was developed based on the analysis of focus group interviews with 54 recently graduated veterinarians and clients and subsequently validated in a Delphi procedure with a panel of 29 experts, representing the full range and diversity of the veterinary profession. The study resulted in an integrated competency framework for veterinary professionals, which consists of 16 competencies organized in seven domains: veterinary expertise, communication, collaboration, entrepreneurship, health and welfare, scholarship, and personal development. Training veterinarians who are able to use and integrate the seven domains in their professional practice is an important challenge for today's veterinary medical schools. The Veterinary Professional (VetPro) framework provides a sound empirical basis for the ongoing debate about the direction of veterinary education and curriculum development. PMID:22023978

Bok, Harold G J; Jaarsma, Debbie A D C; Teunissen, Pim W; van der Vleuten, Cees P M; van Beukelen, Peter

2011-01-01

128

Defining, developing and assessing global competence in engineers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineering curricula are increasingly focused on developing student competencies. Many new competencies needed by engineers today are professional skills (sometimes called the ‘soft skills’). Among the new competencies for engineering graduates is global competence, the ability to work knowledgeably and live comfortably in a transnational engineering environment and global society. While there is broad agreement within the engineering community for

Jack R. Lohmann; Howard A. Rollins; J. Joseph Hoey

2006-01-01

129

CNC Turning Technician. A Competency-Based Instructional System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum guide for instructing students in using computer numerically controlled (CNC) turning machines is one of a series of instructional guides for the machinist field developed in Oklahoma. Although developed jointly with Baxter Technologies Corporation and oriented toward the Baxter Vo-Tec 2000 Future Builder CNC…

Sloan, Kelly; Hilley, Robert

130

CNC Turning Technician. A Competency-Based Instructional System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based curriculum guide for instructing students in using computer numerically controlled (CNC) turning machines is one of a series of instructional guides for the machinist field developed in Oklahoma. Although developed jointly with Baxter Technologies Corporation and oriented toward the Baxter Vo-Tec 2000 Future Builder CNC…

Sloan, Kelly; Hilley, Robert

131

Collaborative Learning and Competence Development in School Health Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses' collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based

Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen

2012-01-01

132

Competencies for the Contemporary Career: Development and Preliminary Validation of the Career Competencies Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A new and promising area of research has recently emerged in the field of career development: career competencies. The present article provides a framework of career competencies that integrates several perspectives from the literature. The framework distinguishes between reflective, communicative, and behavioral career competencies. Six career…

Akkermans, Jos; Brenninkmeijer, Veerle; Huibers, Marthe; Blonk, Roland W. B.

2013-01-01

133

Development and Evaluation of Vocational Competency Measures. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A series of occupational competency tests representing all seven vocational education curriculum areas were developed, field tested, and validated. Seventeen occupations were selected for competency test development: agricultural chemicals applications technician, farm equipment mechanic, computer operator, word processing specialist, apparel…

Chalupsky, Albert B.; And Others

134

Masonry. Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum for masonry is organized into 12 modules. Each module is comprised of two to nine competency statements. A student competency sheet provided for each competency is organized into this format: module and competency number and name, performance guide (for some competencies), learning activities, and an evaluation. Where appropriate,…

Long, Diana

135

Assessment to Transform Competency-based Curricula  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating a vision and creating short-term wins were the 4 steps most evident in the literature. In the case study, creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating short-term wins, consolidating improvements, and producing additional change were most important. The case study also indicated that (a) the history or climate of the institution in dealing with change, and (b) involving individuals with specific expertise as part of the leadership group were also important. Recommendations (PREPARE) were developed. Assessment is an enabling and valuable element in each stage of curricular transformation when guided by Kotter's model.

Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; Kelley, Katherine; Scott, Steven A.

2009-01-01

136

Using the Internet in Competency Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introduction to the Internet explains what it is, how to use it, and how it can be useful to those with an interest in competency-based education. The Internet is a network of over 14,000 networks as of August 1993, with 1,000 being added per month, and at least 1 million machines and 20 million people connected to it. There are several…

Seguin, Armand

137

Competency Development and Career Success: The Mediating Role of Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims to unravel the relationship between competency development, employability and career success. To do so, we tested a model wherein associations between employee participation in competency development initiatives, perceived support for competency development, self-perceived employability, and two indicators of subjective…

De Vos, Ans; De Hauw, Sara; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.

2011-01-01

138

Moral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Moral competence refers to the affective orientation to perform altruistic behaviors and the ability to judge moral issues logically. A five-stage theory of moral development is proposed. Both western and Chinese perspectives are incorporated in the elaboration of the characteristics of each stage. A brief review of the antecedents of moral competence is presented. The relationship between moral competence and adolescent developmental outcomes is also discussed. Some practical ways to promote moral competence are suggested. School-based programs may be effective in the promotion of moral competence provided it is based on all-round or whole-person development and the length of the program should be sufficiently long.

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

139

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Machine Shop. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the student material for the machine shop competency-based education curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. It has been developed to facilitate the learning of skills necessary for a career as a machinist. The tasks in the curriculum are those actually performed on the job. The materials are intended for use…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

140

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Machine Shop. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the machine shop competency-based education curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. It has been developed to facilitate use of the curriculum by instructors of machine shop programs. The teacher's guide contains the following material: an explanation of the curriculum and suggested usage; a…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

141

Task Analysis and Competency Based Training: The Elgin Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From July, 1974 to June, 1977, a federally funded project to develop a competency based training program for human service workers was run at Elgin Mental Health Center, a 750-bed inpatient, state psychiatric facility. During the course of the project, over 500 discrete tasks were identified which such workers perform. Tasks were grouped into…

Mehr, Joseph

142

Social Studies: Ohio's Model Competency-Based Program. [Revised].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This model is designed to provide direction for school districts to develop their own competency-based education programs. It is not intended as an instructional guide. The guide's ultimate purpose is to enhance the quality of social studies learning (history, sociology, geography, economics, government) in Ohio schools. The personnel responsible…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus.

143

Nursery Propagation. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on nursery propagation is one of five developed for classroom use in teaching the landscape/nursery area of horticulture. The four sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered include…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

144

Development of Intercultural Competence among US American Teachers: Professional Development Factors that Enhance Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing diversity of the student age population in the USA calls for increased cultural competence on behalf of educators to effectively teach students. This article reports on a study of a suburban school district's initiatives that utilized the Development Model of Intercultural Sensitivity, the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI)…

DeJaeghere, Joan G.; Zhang, Yongling

2008-01-01

145

Problem-based learning in a competency-based world  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the needed shift in nursing education from an information-driven approach in teaching to a process that promotes higher level thinking and clinical judgement. Strengths and weaknesses of problem-based learning and competency-based education in nursing are presented. Whereas the former focuses on critical thinking and clinical judgement, the latter's emphasis is on clinical competency. The appropriateness of the

Gregory A. Bechtel; Ruth Davidhizar; Martha J. Bradshaw

1999-01-01

146

Periodate Inhibition of Transformation and Competence Development in Haemophilus Influenzae.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Periodate treatment of competent cells reduced the frequency of transformation to streptomycin resistance about 90% while reducing cell viability about 30% or less. Moreover, when periodate was added to cells early in the competence-development phase, the...

J. M. Ranhand H. C. Lichstein

1966-01-01

147

A Theory of Developing Competence with Written Mathematical Symbols.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented is a theory of how competence with written mathematical symbols develops, tracing a succession of cognitive processes that cumulate to yield competence. Arguments supporting the theory are drawn from the history, philosophy, and psychology of mathematics. (MNS)|

Hiebert, James

1988-01-01

148

Competence-Based Assessment in Professional Education Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the appropriateness of competence-based assessment in professional education validation, considering architectural education in Asia as a case study. Competence-based assessment originated in teacher training and vocational training settings in the USA and the UK. Competence-based assessment has been increasingly adopted by…

Thilakaratne, Ruffina; Kvan, Thomas

2006-01-01

149

Information Competency: Challenges and Strategies for Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1996, the California Community College Board of Governors (BOG) issued a policy statement identifying information competency as a priority. Recognizing information competency as an academic and professional matter, in May 1999 the Chancellor delegated the issue of information competency as a graduation requirement to the Academic Senate for…

Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, Sacramento.

150

The Development of Diagnostic Competence: Comparison of a Problem-Based, an Integrated, and a Conventional Medical Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A Dutch study compared the clinical diagnostic skills of 612 medical students educated at schools with problem-based, integrated, or conventional curricula. Students responded to 30 case histories epidemiologically representative of Dutch society and all organ systems. Students trained within problem-based and integrated curricula made more…

Schmidt, Henk G.; And Others

1996-01-01

151

A formative evaluation of a competency-based faculty development program for clinical faculty in an ambulatory setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in medical practice over the past 20 years, have affected the way that medical students and residents are trained. There are many implications of these changes for the development of clinical faculty. Faculty developers must meet three challenges: (a) respond to the current needs of faculty and their departments, (b) incorporate industry trends and discipline standards, and (c) anticipate

Lucia Diane Moorman

2002-01-01

152

Defining competency-based evaluation objectives in family medicine  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To provide a pragmatic approach to the evaluation of communication skills using observable behaviours, as part of a multiyear project to develop competency-based evaluation objectives for Certification in family medicine. Design A nominal group technique was used to develop themes and subthemes and to identify positive and negative observable behaviours that demonstrate competence in communication in family medicine. Setting The College of Family Physicians of Canada in Mississauga, Ont. Participants An expert group of 7 family physicians and 1 educational consultant, all of whom had experience in assessing competence in family medicine. Group members represented the Canadian context with respect to region, sex, language, community type, and experience. Methods The group used the nominal group technique to derive a list of observable behaviours that would constitute a detailed operational definition of competence in communication skills; multiple iterations were used until saturation was achieved. The group met several times a year, and membership remained unchanged during the 4 years in which the work was conducted. The iterative process was undertaken twice—once for communication with patients and once for communication with colleagues. Main findings Five themes, 5 subthemes, and 106 positive and negative observable behaviours were generated. The subtheme of charting skills was defined using a key-features analysis. Conclusion Communication skills were defined in terms of themes and observable behaviours. These definitions were intended to help assess family physicians’ competence at the start of independent practice.

Laughlin, Tom; Wetmore, Stephen; Allen, Tim; Brailovsky, Carlos; Crichton, Tom; Bethune, Cheri; Donoff, Michel; Lawrence, Kathrine

2012-01-01

153

On Competence: A Critical Analysis of Competence-Based Reforms in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The origins, accomplishments, problems, and implications of competence-based reforms in higher education are examined. Competence-based education is defined as that form of education that derives a curriculum from an analysis of a prospective or actual role in modern society and that attempts to certify student progress on the bases of…

Grant, Gerald; And Others

154

Developing Cultural Competence: Mainstream Teachers and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to the underachievement of its Latino children, one district implemented Parent Partnership for Achieving Literacy (PAL), a program to build cultural bridges between home and school. Professional development (PD) that helped mainstream teachers develop cultural competence to work effectively with Latino children and their families was…

Colombo, Michaela W.

2007-01-01

155

Developing Cultural Competence: Mainstream Teachers and Professional Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to the underachievement of its Latino children, one district implemented Parent Partnership for Achieving Literacy (PAL), a program to build cultural bridges between home and school. Professional development (PD) that helped mainstream teachers develop cultural competence to work effectively with Latino children and their families was central to the PAL Program. This article introduces the PAL program and

Michaela W. Colombo

2007-01-01

156

A Historical Perspective on the Development of the Concept "Competence"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Communicative competence that involves language (Druviete 2007, p. 12) is one of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The enhancement of students' communicative competence becomes particularly important for…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

157

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence through the Use of Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This investigation tested the ability of portfolios to stimulate the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence within counselors-in-training and compared portfolios with another method of competence development, case formulation. Results indicate that portfolios benefit the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence, implications…

Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Morris, Dianne; Norton, Romana A.

2006-01-01

158

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence through the Use of Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation tested the ability of portfolios to stimulate the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence within counselors-in-training and compared portfolios with another method of competence development, case formulation. Results indicate that portfolios benefit the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence, implications…

Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Morris, Dianne; Norton, Romana A.

2006-01-01

159

A Professional Development Unit for Reflecting on Program Evaluator Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes an interactive professional development unit that engages both novice and experienced evaluators in (a) learning about the Essential Competencies for Program Evaluators (ECPE), (b) applying the competencies to program evaluation contexts, and (c) using the ECPE to reflect on their own professional practices. The article briefly summarizes current issues about program evaluator competencies and the components of

Gail Ghere; Jean A. King; Laurie Stevahn; Jane Minnema

2006-01-01

160

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new directions for developing learning and innovation competence in international development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach:

Laxmi Prasad Pant

2012-01-01

161

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. An Overview of the History of Medicine.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

162

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Introduction to Stress from a Psychological Viewpoint.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistance and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. Th...

B. P. Mink

1981-01-01

163

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Sources of Stress from a Psychological Viewpoint.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. P. Mink

1981-01-01

164

Measuring Students' Perceptions of Faculty Competence in Professional Psychology: Development of the Perceived Faculty Competence Inventory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents the development of a measure designed to assess doctoral students' perceptions of the professional competence of faculty in clinical, counseling, and school psychology. Study 1 yielded 33 items via principal components analysis that accounted for over 72% of the variance in the data across 5 domains: (a) Professionalism\\/Ethics; (b) Clinical Supervision; (c) Research; (d) Multicultural Competence; and

Eric D. Deemer; Donna Thomas; Candi L. Hill

2011-01-01

165

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication contains the student materials for the comptency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. These student materials consist of a student competency sheet for each of the 31 competencies (arranged in 10 learning modules) of the curriculum. Each competency sheet states the…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

166

Evaluating Competency to Stand Trial with Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluations for competency to stand trial are distinguished from other areas of forensic consultation by their long history of standardized assessment beginning in the 1970s. As part of a special issue of the Journal on evidence- based forensic practice, this article examines three published competency measures: the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Criminal Adjudication (MacCAT-CA), the Evaluation of Competency to Stand Trial-Revised

Richard Rogers; Jill Johansson-Love

167

Competency-Based Performance Appraisals: Improving Performance Evaluations of School Nutrition Managers and Assistants/Technicians  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of the research was to develop a competency-based performance appraisal resource for evaluating school nutrition (SN) managers and assistants/technicians. Methods: A two-phased process was used to develop the competency-based performance appraisal resource for SN managers and assistants/technicians. In Phase I, draft…

Cross, Evelina W.; Asperin, Amelia Estepa; Nettles, Mary Frances

2009-01-01

168

Developing culturally competent community faculty: a model program.  

PubMed

The Liaison Committee on Medical Education recently set standards for cultural diversity training as part of the medical school curriculum. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first description of a faculty-development program designed to develop the capacity of the clinical faculty to integrate culture and advocacy education into clinical training. The paper describes the first two years of the development of an ongoing cultural competence curriculum that has been integrated into the training of community preceptors from 13 medical schools in New England and New York. The training, entitled"Teaching the Culture of the Community," consists of four 2.5-hour modules that include interactive lectures and small-group role-play exercises on cultural needs assessment, patient-centered interviewing, feedback on cultural issues and use of the community to enhance cultural understanding. The 137 participants in the first two years of the program (1999-00 and 2000-01) reported a high level of acceptance of the curriculum. In the second year, the program began to document participants' self-reported"intention to change" in relation to the cultural competence curriculum. Many participants reported plans to change aspects of their clinical care and their teaching practices. Intentions to change were most frequently expressed in the context of content on effective communication skills. In summary, cultural competency training has been successfully integrated into an existing faculty-development program for community-based preceptors. PMID:14660421

Ferguson, Warren J; Keller, David M; Haley, Heather-Lyn; Quirk, Mark

2003-12-01

169

The beat and rhythm of competency development over two years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show that research supports competencies can be developed in adults; however, even in these “model programs” for developing emotional intelligence and social intelligence competencies, little is known about what goes on inside the “black box” of change. How does the change occur? Design\\/methodology\\/approach – In an attempt to help adults develop

Kenneth S. Rhee

2008-01-01

170

Formal and Integrated Strategies for Competence Development in SMEs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase understanding of the relationships among the workplace as a learning environment, strategies for competence development used by SMEs and learning outcomes. Specifically, there is a focus on a distinction between formal and integrated strategies for competence development, the conditions under which…

Kock, Henrik; Ellstrom, Per-Erik

2011-01-01

171

Knowledge management model: practical application for competency development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to present a knowledge management (KM) conceptual model for competency development and a case study in a law service firm, which implemented the KM model in a competencies development program. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The case study method was applied according to Yin (2003) concepts, focusing a six-professional group involved in CDA. Data were collected at the

Denise Lustri; Irene Miura; Sérgio Takahashi

2007-01-01

172

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. After the introduction, which provides a rationale for competency-based instruction in the prevocational curriculum, the following sections are included in the guide: development and validation…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

173

Bases of Competence: A Framework for Facilitating Reflective Learner-Centered Educational Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the business world becomes more complex, the role of professional higher education in the development of "reflective practitioners" becomes more cogent. In this article, the authors argue for the Bases of Competence model, which articulates base competencies required of today's higher education professional graduates, as a tool in…

Berdrow, Iris; Evers, Frederick T.

2011-01-01

174

Competence-Based Education and Training--About Frequently Asked Questions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article follows the author's previous piece on practical guidelines for the development of comprehensive competence-based education and training (Mulder, 2012). It is about the questions that have been and are still frequently asked in presentations, workshops and classes about the introduction of competence-based education. Here, the author…

Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

175

The Action Competence Approach and the "New" Discourses of Education for Sustainable Development, Competence and Quality Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to…

Mogensen, Finn; Schnack, Karsten

2010-01-01

176

Development and Preliminary Evaluation of a Practice-Based Learning and Improvement Tool for Assessing Resident Competence and Guiding Curriculum Development  

PubMed Central

Background Although practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI) is now recognized as a fundamental and necessary skill set, we are still in need of tools that yield specific information about gaps in knowledge and application to help nurture the development of quality improvement (QI) skills in physicians in a proficient and proactive manner. We developed a questionnaire and coding system as an assessment tool to evaluate and provide feedback regarding PBLI self-efficacy, knowledge, and application skills for residency programs and related professional requirements. Methods Five nationally recognized QI experts/leaders reviewed and completed our questionnaire. Through an iterative process, a coding system based on identifying key variables needed for ideal responses was developed to score project proposals. The coding system comprised 14 variables related to the QI projects, and an additional 30 variables related to the core knowledge concepts related to PBLI. A total of 86 residents completed the questionnaire, and 2 raters coded their open-ended responses. Interrater reliability was assessed by percentage agreement and Cohen ? for individual variables and Lin concordance correlation for total scores for knowledge and application. Discriminative validity (t test to compare known groups) and coefficient of reproducibility as an indicator of construct validity (item difficulty hierarchy) were also assessed. Results Interrater reliability estimates were good (percentage of agreements, above 90%; ?, above 0.4 for most variables; concordances for total scores were R??=??.88 for knowledge and R??=??.98 for application). Conclusion Despite the residents' limited range of experiences in the group with prior PBLI exposure, our tool met our goal of differentiating between the 2 groups in our preliminary analyses. Correcting for chance agreement identified some variables that are potentially problematic. Although additional evaluation is needed, our tool may prove helpful and provide detailed information about trainees' progress and the curriculum.

Lawrence, Renee H; Tomolo, Anne M

2011-01-01

177

Resident education in the systems-based practice competency.  

PubMed

More than 10 years after the establishment of the six core competencies by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, systems-based practice remains an elusive subject to teach, measure, and document. A wide variety of methods have been reported that address teaching and assessing performance for the discrete parts of systems-based practice; however, no single approach has been described that encompasses the competency in its entirety. To better understand the current state of this competency, orthopaedic residents and educators from around the country were surveyed to determine which systems-based practice topics were being taught at their institutions, how these topics were being taught, and how resident performance was assessed. Seven focus group sessions were held with members involved in the care of musculoskeletal patients to determine what they believed were essential skills for residents to learn relative to the healthcare system. Using this information, a health systems rotation was created for first-year residents that incorporated several different teaching and assessment methods. This rotation has received positive feedback from residents, patients, and health professionals. Its effect on resident development will be tracked over the next 5 years. PMID:23395059

Roberts, Susanne M; Jarvis-Selinger, Sandra; Pratt, Daniel D; Lucking, Robert J; Black, Kevin P

2013-01-01

178

Using Role Play To Develop Cultural Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Role playing is a useful method for teaching cultural competence in nurse-patient situations. Successful implementation depends on identification of objectives and grading criteria, adequate time, guidelines for role specifications, monitoring of the process, delineation of the relationship to theory, and facilitation of constructive analysis.…

Shearer, Ruth; Davidhizar, Ruth

2003-01-01

179

School-Community Development of Competency Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last year, Alameda County Office of Education has contributed much of its creative energy to the field testing of a process to generating competencies that encourages school community cooperation. The process was tested in San Lorenzo Unified School District. Describes how it was done through a series of meetings involving students,…

Pacheco, Kay

1978-01-01

180

Competence Development of Entrepreneurs in Innovative Horticulture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the learning of entrepreneurs in authentic learning environments. The research questions are: How do entrepreneurs assess their compentencies, and how do employees and external consultants assess the compentencies of these entrepreneurs? What are the competence strengths and weaknesses of…

Mulder, Martin; Lans, Thomas; Verstegen, Jos; Biemans, Harm; Meijer, Ypie

2007-01-01

181

Competency?based standards: a boon for continuing professional education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Establishing competency?based standards for professions promises to help solve many of the difficulties currently besetting continuing professional education. This paper explains why this is so by defining competency?based standards, describing their uses and, hence, showing why they have attracted so much attention recently. Likely applications to continuing professional education are suggested. In addition the advantages and limitations of three different

Paul Hager; Andrew Gonczi

1991-01-01

182

Competency-based interviewing – has it gone too far?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to provide a critique of the inflexible use of competency models in organisations and, in particular, to explore the limitations of competency based interviews and stress the need for alternative approaches, e.g. wider use of job sampling, biographically based interviews and ability tests at the recruitment stage. The paper suggests that there

Paul Derek Martin; John Pope

2008-01-01

183

Competency assessment in simulation-based procedural education.  

PubMed

The field of simulation-based procedural education in medicine is undergoing rapid development, with significant improvements in both graphic and tactile fidelity. As a consequence, the use of simulation for competency assessment and credentialing is evolving rapidly. Establishing the conceptual framework for developing such assessments using simulation is becoming critical to the expansion of simulation-based education and assessment in medicine. Although medical literature explores the educational theories in other aspects of medical education, the applicability of those concepts to the simulation of time-critical and clinically dangerous procedures has not been addressed explicitly. In particular, the issue of how one establishes standards for simulation-based procedures is central to how simulation would be used for competency assessment. This article briefly reviews the current medical education theories and discusses their applicability to simulation-based education. An alternative methodology of standards setting involving the use of benchmarking may be more appropriate to assessing critical procedural skills. Although much of the existing simulation literature (and practice) implicitly uses benchmarking methods, the conceptual framework that justifies its use has not been discussed explicitly. Finally, the development of clinical benchmarks as the standards-setting mechanism for procedural simulation-based learning, feedback, and assessment will be critical to establishing the clinical relevance of simulation. PMID:18614142

Michelson, James D; Manning, Lance

2008-07-09

184

Developing cultural competence in working with Korean immigrant families  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors provide an in-depth examination of the historical background, cultural values, family roles, and community contexts of Korean Americans as an aid to both researchers and clinicians in developing cultural competence with this particular group. First, the concept of cultural competence is defined. A brief history of Korean immigration patterns to the United States and demographic information about Korean

Irene J. Kim; Luke I. C. Kim; James G. Kelly

2006-01-01

185

Developing Multicultural Counseling Competence through the Use of Portfolios.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the ability of portfolios to stimulate the acquisition of multicultural counseling competence within counselors-in-training. It also compares the efficacy of portfolios to case formulation, another method of competence development. Students (N=27) attending a required course on multicultural counseling at a large Midwestern…

Coleman, Hardin L. K.; Morris, Dianne; Norton, Romana A.

186

Multicultural Counseling Competencies, 2003: Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book updates earlier Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (AMCD) multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). Each chapter author particularizes definitions and/or conceptualizations of multicultural competencies to the topic of his or her chapter. The present document operationalizes the MCC into practice examples,…

Roysircar, Gargi; Arredondo, Patricia; Fuertes, Jairo N.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Toporek, Rebecca L.

187

Media Education and the Development of Media Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of media competence is now widely recognized in educational and policy circles as essential to the formation of well-balanced citizens, capable of making their own judgements and participating fully in society. This presentation will focus on efforts in Irish education to support media competence and how it can contribute to sustainable policies for children, youth and families.

Brian ONeill

2011-01-01

188

Multicultural Counseling Competencies, 2003: Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book updates earlier Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (AMCD) multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). Each chapter author particularizes definitions and/or conceptualizations of multicultural competencies to the topic of his or her chapter. The present document operationalizes the MCC into practice examples,…

Roysircar, Gargi; Arredondo, Patricia; Fuertes, Jairo N.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Toporek, Rebecca L.

189

Cultural Competence in Health Care: Implications for Human Resource Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the need for cultural competence in health care, the barriers faced by health care professionals as they attempt to deliver culturally competent care, and the implications for human resource development initiatives. Already the most ethnically diverse country in the world, the US, is experiencing dramatic increases in its ethnic mix. As Taylor (2005) notes, these changing demographics

Rosemarie Angela Taylor; Mary V. Alfred

190

Developing Cultural Competence in Working with Korean Immigrant Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors provide an in-depth examination of the historical background, cultural values, family roles, and community contexts of Korean Americans as an aid to both researchers and clinicians in developing cultural competence with this particular group. First, the concept of cultural competence is defined. A brief history of Korean immigration…

Kim, Irene J.; Kim, Luke I. C.; Kelly, James G.

2006-01-01

191

Developing Cultural Competence in Working with Korean Immigrant Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors provide an in-depth examination of the historical background, cultural values, family roles, and community contexts of Korean Americans as an aid to both researchers and clinicians in developing cultural competence with this particular group. First, the concept of cultural competence is defined. A brief history of Korean immigration…

Kim, Irene J.; Kim, Luke I. C.; Kelly, James G.

2006-01-01

192

Ohio State University Extension Competency Study: Developing a Competency Model for a 21st Century Extension Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The literature on competency-based human resource (HR) management provides a strong case for moving from a jobs-based to a competency-based approach to human resources. There is agreement in the literature (Dubois, Rothwell, Stern, & Kemp, 2004; Lucia & Lepsinger, 1999) on the benefits of using competencies throughout HR systems and impact has…

Cochran, Graham Ralph

2009-01-01

193

Evaluating competency to stand trial with evidence-based practice.  

PubMed

Evaluations for competency to stand trial are distinguished from other areas of forensic consultation by their long history of standardized assessment beginning in the 1970s. As part of a special issue of the Journal on evidence-based forensic practice, this article examines three published competency measures: the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Criminal Adjudication (MacCAT-CA), the Evaluation of Competency to Stand Trial-Revised (ECST-R), and the Competence Assessment for Standing Trial for Defendants with Mental Retardation (CAST-MR). Using the Daubert guidelines as a framework, we examined each competency measure regarding its relevance to the Dusky standard and its error and classification rates. The article acknowledges the past polarization of forensic practitioners on acceptance versus rejection of competency measures. It argues that no valuable information, be it clinical acumen or standardized data, should be systematically ignored. Consistent with the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law Practice Guideline, it recommends the integration of competency interview findings with other sources of data in rendering evidence-based competency determinations. PMID:20018994

Rogers, Richard; Johansson-Love, Jill

2009-01-01

194

Illustrations for a Competency Based Curriculum Guide: Ethanol Spark Ignition Engine Conversion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains 56 illustrations for use in an Illinois-developed competency-based course in ethanol spark ignition engine conversion. Each illustration is related to a specific competency in the course curriculum guide. Illustrations, which include photographs and line drawings, cover some of the following topics: carburetion,…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of Adult, Vocational and Technical Education.

195

Competency-Based Occupational Standards: Influences on Australian Speech Pathology Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Speech Pathology Australia developed competency-based occupational standards in response to a national government initiative across all professions and these standards have formed the basis for the accreditation process of speech pathology education programmes in Australia since 1994. This paper presents a critical appraisal of the contribution of a competency framework to curricular design, focussing on both content coverage and teaching

Alison Ferguson

2006-01-01

196

Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Laser Technology. September 1980-June 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains materials developed by a project to provide a competency-based curriculum guide for laser technology at the community college level. An abstract of the final report is included. Next, the 17 job competencies determined as necessary to meet the job description of laser technician are listed. A career ladder and…

Fioroni, John J.

197

A Competency-Based Medical Student Curriculum Targeting Key Geriatric Syndromes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Miami Miller School of Medicine (UMMSM) has developed and implemented a competency-based undergraduate medical education (UME) curriculum that targets 61 learning objectives for three geriattic syndromes: dementia, falls, and delirium. This curriculum redesign changed the educational focus from what is taught to what is learned. Students complete 13 different competency assessments throughout their four years of training

Maria H. van Zuilen; Osvaldo Rodriguez; Michael J. Mintzer; Miguel A. Paniagua; Marcos N. Milanez; Jorge G. Ruiz; Robert M. Kaiser; Bernard A. Roos

2008-01-01

198

Competency-Based Training: Objective Structured Clinical Exercises (OSCE) in Marriage and Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The field of marriage and family therapy (MFT) has recently engaged in the process of defining core competencies for the profession. Many MFT training programs are adapting their curriculum to develop more competency-based training strategies. The Objective Structured Clinical "Examination" (OSCE) is widely used in the medical profession to…

Miller, John K.

2010-01-01

199

Competence evaluation approach based on 2-tuple linguistic representation model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present work is to provide a reliable decision-making tool to enterprise managers that helps them to understand the available acquired competence resources network and to take the right decision to promote and ameliorate this network. For that purpose, a novel competence evaluation approach based on a fuzzy linguistic information model, named the 2-tuple linguistic representation model,

Raoudha Mkaouar Hachicha; El Mouloudi Dafaoui; Abderrahman El Mhamedi

2009-01-01

200

Assessing Competency-Based Education and Training: A Literature Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A literature review examined what aspects of performance should be assessed, what methods are appropriate, whether competency-based assessments should be graded, whether assessments should be done in the workplace or training institutions, and whose responsibility they are. Competence should be very broadly defined as both technical skills and as…

Toohey, Susan; And Others

1995-01-01

201

Competency-Based Objectives for the Student Teaching Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article examines a competency-based objectives system for evaluating the student teaching experience for majors in speech-language pathology and audiology programs. It is composed of 89 competencies which cover the broad range of knowledge, skill, and value objectives that a student is likely to experience during student teaching. (Author/SW)|

Johnson, Ann Randolph; And Others

1982-01-01

202

Interlanguage Pragmatic Development: The Relation between Pragmalinguistic Competence and Sociopragmatic Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The past few years saw significant advances in the field of interlanguage pragmatics development since several researchers' call for more studies focusing on the development of pragmatic competence of second or foreign language learners. The existing literature, however, still leaves us an incomplete picture of the nature of the relation between…

Chang, Yuh-Fang

2011-01-01

203

Practitioners Derive Model Competencies for Instructional/Staff Development Specialists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role and function of the instructional specialist, i.e., one who is trained to provide assistance and support in faculty and instructional development, and outlines model competencies for this position. (RAO)

Dickens, Mary Ellen; Haddad, Margaret

1979-01-01

204

Competence-Related Metadata for Educational Resources that Support Lifelong Competence Development Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the context of the emerging paradigm of Lifelong Learning, competence-based learning is gradually attracting the attention of the Technology-Enhanced Learning community, since it appears to meet the 21st Century learning and training expectations of both individuals and organisations. On the other hand, the paradigm of Learning Objects--as a…

Sampson, Demetrios G.

2009-01-01

205

Intercultural Competence in Health Care Developing Skills for Interculturally Competent Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

major challenge for today's health care providers around most of the world is that culturally diverse groups comprise the largest growing segment of the patient population. Individual health care choices and outcomes must be understandable to patients in terms of their own culture and experience. Thus, health care workers are faced with the need to develop intercultural competencies that allow

Rohini Anand; Indra Lahiri

206

The RCN's literacy competences for evidence-based practice.  

PubMed

Professor Alan Glasper discusses the Royal College of Nursing's recently announced information literacy competences, which set out skills required by nurses to deliver safe and effective evidence-based care. PMID:21378643

Glasper, Professor Alan

207

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new…

Pant, Laxmi Prasad

2012-01-01

208

Competencies for the Instructional/Training Development Professional.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This "final" list of 16 core competencies for instructional/training development professionals was developed over a three-year period by a special task force appointed by the Board of Directors of the Division of Instructional Development within the Association for Educational Communications and Technology. (Author)|

Beery, Madeline; And Others

1981-01-01

209

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new…

Pant, Laxmi Prasad

2012-01-01

210

A Web-based Tool for Teaching Pharmacy Practice Competency  

PubMed Central

Objective To implement and assess the effectiveness of the Strathclyde Computerized Randomized Interactive Prescription Tutor (SCRIPT) in teaching a competency-based undergraduate pharmacy course. Design Data on students' access to SCRIPT, collected by quantitative electronic data capture, were analyzed to determine student usage patterns and correlations between usage and grades in class assessments. Data on students' perceptions were collected by electronic questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. Teaching staff members also were interviewed. Assessment Two hundred forty-three students accessed SCRIPT a median of 23 times each. Students accessed SCRIPT predominantly at times outside normal teaching hours and tended to access the tool more often in the 48 hours preceding class assessments. Feedback from students indicated overall satisfaction with the tool to compliment the timetabled teaching sessions but highlighted that more specific feedback on the examples was required. All staff comments were positive. Conclusions Students and teaching staff members valued SCRIPT as a tool to compliment teaching of the competency-based pharmacy practice classes in the MPharm degree. Future developments of SCRIPT will include expanded feedback for students, the capability to link the release of each SCRIPT exercise with the date the content is taught in class, and additional tools to facilitate “just in time” teaching.

Zlotos, Leon; Kayne, Lee; Thompson, Ian; Kane, Kathleen A.

2010-01-01

211

Patient-centered competency-based education in fixed prosthodontics.  

PubMed

Revision of a traditional fixed prosthodontic curriculum was undertaken in response to observed private practice patterns, recent literature in fixed prosthodontics, and an increasingly crowded dental school curriculum. The revision was further motivated by the commitment of the faculty to become patient-centered in all components of instruction. The resultant preclinical and clinical curriculum emphasizes patient care activities and minimizes student-generated laboratory products. This program is characterized as patient-driven, competency-based, and criterion-referenced, and it places heavy reliance on validated pedagogical strategies, which include evaluation of self and peers. The curriculum requires the development of good communication skills with peers, faculty, and commercial laboratories and creates time for the student to develop critical patient care skills without requiring more curriculum time. The new fixed prosthodontic curriculum appears to be consistent with current private general practice, national licensing examinations, and the recommendations of the Institute of Medicine's report to dental education. PMID:9028216

Nimmo, A; Knight, G W

1996-06-01

212

Using a competency-based approach to patient education: achieving congruence among learning, teaching and evaluation.  

PubMed

Millions of Americans are living with, and managing, their chronic health problems. Patient education plays an essential role in promoting safe self-management practice. To ensure that patients attain the required abilities, patient education needs to be competency-based. When developing and applying a competency-based patient education lesson/program, each nurse must answer questions concerning essential competencies, optimal teaching methods, best method to evaluate patient achievement, and documentation of evidence. This article describes how the authors used these questions as a guide to achieve congruence among intended learning, instruction, and evaluation to design and implement a patient education program, Managing Heart Failure, at a local hospital. PMID:21791264

Su, Whei Ming; Herron, Bobbi; Osisek, Paul J

2011-09-01

213

Adopting e-Learning Standards in Health Care: Competency-based Learning in the Medical Informatics Domain  

PubMed Central

Like many forms of education, health professions education is increasingly competency-based. At the same time, there is growing use of e-learning technologies, which can be linked to competencies via emerging e-learning standards. Health care has been slow to adopt competencies and e-learning standards. We report our efforts to facilitate access to competencies and e-learning content in the medical informatics domain, linked by content-competency associations, based on standards developed by the MedBiquitous Consortium. We demonstrate that such standards can be successfully used and their implementation in other domains is warranted.

Hersh, William R.; Bhupatiraju, Ravi Teja; Greene, Peter S.; Smothers, Valerie; Cohen, Cheryl

2006-01-01

214

Adopting e-learning standards in health care: competency-based learning in the medical informatics domain.  

PubMed

Like many forms of education, health professions education is increasingly competency-based. At the same time, there is growing use of e-learning technologies, which can be linked to competencies via emerging e-learning standards. Health care has been slow to adopt competencies and e-learning standards. We report our efforts to facilitate access to competencies and e-learning content in the medical informatics domain, linked by content-competency associations, based on standards developed by the MedBiquitous Consortium. We demonstrate that such standards can be successfully used and their implementation in other domains is warranted. PMID:17238358

Hersh, William R; Bhupatiraju, Ravi Teja; Greene, Peter; Smothers, Valerie; Cohen, Cheryl

2006-01-01

215

Developing U.S. teachers’ intercultural competence: Does professional development matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intercultural competence is an important skill for K-12 educators to effectively teach a demographically changing population of young people. This paper builds on research that uses the Intercultural Development Inventory to assess change in intercultural competence among K-12 educators. This study aims to understand the extent of change in educators’ intercultural competence in an urban district that has implemented an

Joan G. DeJaeghere; Yi Cao

2009-01-01

216

Developing supply chain management program: a competency model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to show the process of designing and measuring learning competencies in program development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper includes cross-sectoral comparisons to draw on programmatic and pedagogical strategies, more commonly utilized in vocational education, and transfer the application of these strategies into curriculum development in higher education. Using a case study approach, the paper details the

Matthew H. Sauber; Hugh B. McSurely; V. M. Rao Tummala

2008-01-01

217

Development of Entry-Level Competence Tests: A Strategy for Evaluation of Vocational Education Training Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developing countries such as Malaysia and Oman have recently established occupational standards based on core work processes (functional clusters of work objects, activities and performance requirements), to which competencies (performance determinants) can be linked. While the development of work-process-based occupational standards is supposed…

Schutte, Marc; Spottl, Georg

2011-01-01

218

Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project. Medical Terminology: Physical Systems (Respiratory, Endocrine, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This competency based module on training for physician assistants is part of the series, 'Competency-Based Dental Assistant and Physician Assistant Modules: A Conversion Project,' which was developed in large part from Armed Forces training materials. The...

B. Mink

1981-01-01

219

Developing sexual competence? Exploring strategies for the provision of effective sexualities and relationships education  

Microsoft Academic Search

School?based sexualities and relationships education (SRE) offers one of the most promising means of improving young people's sexual health through developing ‘sexual competence’. In the absence of evidence on whether the term holds the same meanings for young people and adults (e.g. teachers, researchers, policy?makers), the paper explores ‘adult’ notions of sexual competence as construed in research data and alluded

Julia Hirst

2008-01-01

220

A community-based program evaluation of community competency trainings.  

PubMed

Transgender and gender-nonconforming individuals encounter a multitude of barriers to accessing clinically and culturally competent health care. One strategy to increase the quality and competence of care delivery is workplace trainings. This study describes a community-based program for the evaluation of this type of training. Using a mixed-methods approach, the research team assessed the effectiveness of three competency trainings administered by a local nonprofit organization in the Northwest United States. Quantitative data indicated a significant shift in self-assessed knowledge associated with completion of the training. Qualitative data confirmed this result and revealed a number of important themes about the effect of the trainings on providers and their ability to implement knowledge and skills in practice. Clinical considerations are proposed for providers who seek similar trainings and who aim to increase clinical and cultural competency in delivering care to transgender and gender-nonconforming patients and clients. PMID:20303797

Hanssmann, Christoph; Morrison, Darius; Russian, Ellery; Shiu-Thornton, Sharyne; Bowen, Deborah

2010-03-19

221

An evaluation of the clinical performance of newly qualified nurses: a competency based assessment.  

PubMed

The clinical performance of newly qualified staff nurses, or their 'fitness for purpose' has become a central professional and corporate issue and highlighted as a central causes for the reforms recommended by the Peach report (Peach 1999). However the ability to gauge the performance of newly qualified nurses remains a largely subjective exercise relying upon anecdotal evidence or general statements of newly qualified nurses' feelings of inadequacy on qualification. This article seeks to address this issue by reporting the findings of project that sought to compare the expectations of senior nurses regarding the level of competence of newly qualified nurses with that of the actual level of competency as assessed by the preceptors after 8 weeks in post. Using a specifically designed instrument to assess clinical competency a comparison has been made between 139 senior nurses' expectations of the competency of newly qualified nurses and the actual competence as assessed by preceptors of 36 newly qualified nurses after 8 weeks in post. The findings indicate that the senior nurses have clear subjective expectations of the competence level of newly qualified nurses. However these expectations are consistently lower than the actual level of competency demonstrated by the newly qualified nurses as assessed by their preceptors. This research demonstrates that through the use of a validated tool newly qualified nurses consistently perform at a higher level of competency than that expected by senior nurses. The ability to estimate competency levels by objective means should be developed. Further research is needed involving a larger sample of Trusts and Schools of Nursing to replicate the results of this study and to compare methods of the assessment of performance in terms of competency in practice on qualification. It is through developments based upon research such as this that a systematic evaluation of the contribution of Schools of Nursing to the competence of newly qualified nurses can be addressed. PMID:11559010

O'Connor, S E; Pearce, J; Smith, R L; Voegeli, D; Walton, P

2001-10-01

222

Competing for foreign aid for health development.  

PubMed

Health ministries in low-income countries faced with the problem of decreasing financial support from traditional external sources are taking steps to become more competitive in the "market" for foreign aid. This article describes some strategies that have enabled ministries to obtain external financing for their health development priorities, thereby improving the quality and increasing the quantity of aid they receive. PMID:8820142

Drager, N

1996-01-01

223

Developing and Measuring Competence in West Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the development of a staff evaluation method for a West African diesel power plant extension, focusing on project constraints, individual job performance, maintenance staff group performance, unscheduled emergency exercises, unplanned shutdowns and other critical incidents, and observation of staff behavior during shifts. Outlines staff…

Engvold, Michael; Ingerslev, Poul

1992-01-01

224

Nine Constructs of Cultural Competence for Curriculum Development  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the self-administered Clinical Cultural Competency Questionnaire (CCCQ) and assess the perceived level of cultural competence of students in Xavier University of Louisiana College of Pharmacy to guide curriculum development within the 4-year academic program. Methods The CCCQ was administrated to each class of pharmacy students during spring 2009. Exploratory factor analysis with principal components and varimax rotation was conducted to build the constructs explaining the factors measuring students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Results Nine factors, including 46 items extracted from the CCCQ and explaining 79% of the total variance, were found as the best fit to measure students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Conclusions The CCCQ was found to be a practical, valid, and reliable self-assessment instrument to measure the perceived level of pharmacy students' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and encounters in cross-cultural environments. The questionnaire allowed the identification of students' needs for training in cultural competence and the development of a curriculum tailored to satisfy those needs.

Brookover, Cecile; Kennedy, Kathleen

2010-01-01

225

Competence Development and Appraisal in Organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This contribution focuses on the way in which employees and managers perceive themselves and each other. Based on two PhD-projects, one in which differences between self-ratings and supervisor ratings have been studied, and one in which the focus was the differences between team leaders' self-perception and the team members' perception, it was concluded that supervisors and employees have a different

J. I. Stoker; B. I. J. M. Van der Heijden

2001-01-01

226

How to measure critical health competences: development and validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test).  

PubMed

Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical health competences (CHC test). Development and testing of the questionnaire covered three phases: (1) test construction (and feasibility, (2) first field test of scalability and items revision (3) second field test to validate the instrument. Model fit analyses were performed for both field tests for Rasch-, Mixed Rasch- and Hybrid model. Participants were secondary school and university students with and without prior training in evidence-based medicine (1. field test n = 322; with training n = 87; 2. field test n = 107; with training n = 13). The second field test resulted in Rasch scalability of all items in one person class. Mean values (+/-SD) of person parameters were 716.14 (+/-53.74) for trained students and 470.11 (+/-59.63) for untrained students. Reliability of the instrument was 0.91 (WINMIRA ANOVA). In conclusion the CHC instrument is a feasible, reliable and valid instrument to measure critical health literacy. The generalizability of the instrument is to be explored in ongoing studies in different educational settings. PMID:17902033

Steckelberg, Anke; Hülfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jürgen; Rost, Jürgen; Mühlhauser, Ingrid

2007-09-28

227

Talent management – competency development: key to global leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to draw lessons on how building a talent management strategy based on competency profiling becomes a critical impact area within the field of strategic HRM. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The case study discusses an Indian pharmaceutical organisation, the environment and the issues arising in context to talent management. The case discusses a well designed

Rakesh Sharma; Jyotsna Bhatnagar

2009-01-01

228

Infusing Cultural Competence and Advocacy into Strength-Based Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Strength-based counseling represents a welcome shift from prevailing deficit perspectives. However, the literature often treats enhancing strengths as an acultural concept, minimizing or ignoring the essential role of culture in forming and defining strengths. Integrating cultural competence and advocacy into strength-based practice is examined as…

Grothaus, Tim; McAuliffe, Garett; Craigen, Laurie

2012-01-01

229

Moroccan Arabic: A Competency Based Curriculum, Beginning & Intermediate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The textbook in introductory and intermediate Moroccan Arabic is designed for the language and cultural training of Peace Corps volunteers in Morocco and is intended for both teacher and student use. The contents and design are based on a competency-based curriculum model. An introductory section presents general principles for use of Arabic…

Peace Corps, Rabat (Morocco).

230

Infusing Cultural Competence and Advocacy into Strength-Based Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Strength-based counseling represents a welcome shift from prevailing deficit perspectives. However, the literature often treats enhancing strengths as an acultural concept, minimizing or ignoring the essential role of culture in forming and defining strengths. Integrating cultural competence and advocacy into strength-based practice is examined…

Grothaus, Tim; McAuliffe, Garett; Craigen, Laurie

2012-01-01

231

Developing entrepreneurial competencies in the healthcare management undergraduate classroom.  

PubMed

Recently, entrepreneurial behavior is becoming more accepted in the healthcare field. This article describes an attempt to foster development of positive entrepreneurial competencies in the undergraduate health administration classroom. Through a literature review on entrepreneurs, eight competency clusters are identified; decision making, strategic thinking, risk taking, confidence building, communicating ideas, motivating team members, tolerance of ambiguity, and internal locus of control. These clusters are used to promote entrepreneurial skills for students though identified learning-centered activities and supplement an instructional style that facilitates thoughtful reflection. PMID:16485785

Rubino, Louis; Freshman, Brenda

2005-01-01

232

The promise of competency-based education in the health professions for improving global health  

PubMed Central

Competency-based education (CBE) provides a useful alternative to time-based models for preparing health professionals and constructing educational programs. We describe the concept of ‘competence’ and ‘competencies’ as well as the critical curricular implications that derive from a focus on ‘competence’ rather than ‘time’. These implications include: defining educational outcomes, developing individualized learning pathways, setting standards, and the centrality of valid assessment so as to reflect stakeholder priorities. We also highlight four challenges to implementing CBE: identifying the health needs of the community, defining competencies, developing self-regulated and flexible learning options, and assessing learners for competence. While CBE has been a prominent focus of educational reform in resource-rich countries, we believe it has even more potential to align educational programs with health system priorities in more resource-limited settings. Because CBE begins with a careful consideration of the competencies desired in the health professional workforce to address health care priorities, it provides a vehicle for integrating the health needs of the country with the values of the profession.

2012-01-01

233

Developing Addition and Regrouping Competence among Second Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) teaching sequence with integrated strategy instruction for developing addition with regrouping competence among students with learning difficulties in mathematics. A total of 16 lessons were provided to 24 students during a…

Miller, Susan P.; Kaffar, Bradley J.

2011-01-01

234

Promoting Ego Development and Multicultural Competence during Internship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research involved an exploratory intervention to determine the effectiveness of using a deliberate psychological education (DPE) approach that incorporated issues of ethics, multicultural competence, oppression and diversity. The study attempted to discern if the DPE model used could make a difference in the promotion of ego development

Cannon, Edward P.; Frank, Dennis

2009-01-01

235

Competence development and career advancement in professional service firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to learn about professional employees in the early stage of their careers, particularly, their understanding of competence development and career advancement. Law firms have a relatively low rate of turnover of professional staff when compared with employee flow rates that are standard in other organisations and industries. In law firms, the collective

Ashly H. Pinnington

2011-01-01

236

Development of individual psychosocial competence in a high school setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of the competent self in adolescence, the interrelationship of psychotherapeutic and psychoeducational change, and the role of the high school counselor as a mental health gatekeeper were explored in a pre–post experimental–control design study of group counseling. 147 exemplary (\\

Forrest B. Tyler; Margaret Gatz

1977-01-01

237

Developing Literacy and Literacy Competence: Challenges for Foreign Language Departments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This chapter provides a dialogue between two teachers that challenges philosophical and practical divisions both inside and outside the academy regarding the development of literacy and literary competence in foreign language departments. It also describes curricular revisions at their institution that address those divisions. One teacher crafts…

Byrnes, Heidi; Kord, Susanne

238

Peer Advising: An Opportunity for Leadership and Competency Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Peer advising is one model for delivering advising services. This article describes peer advising in the Human Service Program at the University of Tennessee. Students who serve as peer advisors provide a needed service, contribute to the human service program through their leadership, and benefit from developing competence consistent within the…

Diambra, Joel F.

2003-01-01

239

The Multicultural Teaching Competency Scale: Development and Initial Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on the development and initial validation of the multidimensional Multicultural Teaching Competency Scale (MTCS). Data from 506 pre- and in-service teachers were collected in three interrelated studies. Exploratory factor analysis results suggested a 16-item, two-factor solution: (a) multicultural teaching skill and (b)…

Spanierman, Lisa B.; Oh, Euna; Heppner, P. Paul; Neville, Helen A.; Mobley, Michael; Wright, Caroline Vaile; Dillon, Frank R.; Navarro, Rachel

2011-01-01

240

INTRODUCING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION: COMPETENCES, PEDAGOGY AND CURRICULUM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introducing sustainable development (SD) in engineering education has been a key topic in many technological universities (1), accreditation agencies and International and National networks of universities. At the UNESCO chair of Sustainability of the Technical University of Catalonia (UPC) under their PhD program on Sustainability the authors have carried out a research on: 1. Which SD competences may engineers have

J. Segalàs; D. Ferrer-Balas; K. F. Mulder

241

Preliminary Development of an Affective Work Competencies Testing Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The lack of communication between educators and employers concerning the characteristics of a successful worker is explored. The need for a stronger emphasis on positive affective work competencies (work values, habits, and attitudes) is demonstrated. The failure of many educators to help their students develop proper work habits and attitudes is…

Beach, David P.

242

Entrepreneurship Competencies for Vocational Curriculum Development. Instructor's Handbook. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is intended to assist vocational teachers and administrators in preparing vocational curricula that include materials for developing teacher- and business-identified entrepreneurship competencies. The handbook begins with a discussion of the need to infuse entrepreneurship education into all areas of vocational education. The next…

Palmieri, D. Frank; Vecchiola, Leonard C.

243

Development and Validation of a Music Education Competency Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Music Education Competency Test (MECT) was developed to gauge proficiency in selected singing, conducting, keyboard, and rehearsal skills. Three validity studies with 125 University of Illinois undergraduates examined MECT scores in relation to students' grades and compared students' scores by major emphasis (piano, voice, orchestral…

Beazley, Herschel V.

1981-01-01

244

Developing Intercultural Competence in University Staff: Augmenting Internationalisation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The primary aim of this research was to consider the benefit of providing professional development in intercultural competence for general staff at Deakin University. While the question arose from a disparity identified in the University policies, the importance of this consideration was highlighted in an impending audit to be conducted by AUQA,…

Andrew, Helen

2012-01-01

245

Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project--Final Report. Executive Summary [and] Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project: Final Report on House Bill 1909  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication contains the following: (1) Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project--Final Report. Executive Summary (January 2006); and (2) Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project: Final Report on House Bill 1909 (January 2005). In 2003, the legislature and governor enacted House Bill 1909 to create a pilot project on competency-based transfer…

Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2006

2006-01-01

246

Salient factors in child molestation: Moral development, social competence, and type of offender  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study was designed to build on and extend the existing knowledge base of factors that cause, maintain, and influence child molestation. Theorized links among the type of offender and the offender's levels of moral development and social competence in the perpetration of child molestation were investigated. The conceptual framework for the study is based on the cognitive developmental

Colleen Catherine McCoury

1998-01-01

247

Toward the Development and Validation of a Career Coach Competency Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The career coaching profession is a dynamic field that has grown over the last decade. However, there exists a limitation to this field's development, as there is no universally accepted definition or empirically based competencies. There were three phases to the study. In the first phase, a conceptual model was developed that highlights four…

Hatala, John-Paul; Hisey, Lee

2011-01-01

248

Design of the Accounting Course Focusing on the Development of Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this work is to develop a proposal for a methodology in the university environment that enables us to design our course with an approach based on the development and acquisition of competences within the framework of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), allowing a transition from a model focused on teaching to a model focused on…

Ciudad-Gomez, Adelaida

2011-01-01

249

Promoting Ego Development and Multicultural Competence During Internship  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research involved an exploratory intervention to determine the effectiveness of using a deliberate psychological education\\u000a (DPE) approach that incorporated issues of ethics, multicultural competence, oppression and diversity. The study attempted\\u000a to discern if the DPE model used could make a difference in the promotion of ego development (which subsumes moral development)\\u000a and multicultural knowledge and awareness of counselor interns.

Edward P. Cannon; Dennis Frank

2009-01-01

250

Development and Initial Validation of the Multicultural Competence Change Scale for Psychology Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The development, maintenance, and integration of multicultural competence into all aspects of psychologists' work is critical to ethical practice in an increasingly diverse society. Measurement of multicultural competency is critical to investigating the development of multicultural competence and the effectiveness of multicultural competency

Caban, Alisia Rose

2010-01-01

251

Competency-Based Student-Teacher Supervision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This author contends that student-teacher supervision cannot be done effectively in traditional ways. He discusses five myths of supervision and explains a program developed at Portland (Ore.) State University that puts the emphasis where it should be--on the supervising teacher. (Editor)|

Spanjer, R. Allan

1975-01-01

252

Education Reform and Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The core purpose of this paper is to describe a new educational paradigm as well as possible directions and tasks for education reform in the 21st century. The present-day education system has failed to nurture the kind of creative people who can play leading roles in development or to produce citizens of a good character and democratic…

Moon, Yong-lin

2007-01-01

253

A Competency Based Curriculum Guide: Ethanol Spark Ignition Engine Conversion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is a competency-based vocational curriculum designed to provide educators with viable ethanol (100 percent alcohol) engine conversion procedures stated in simple terms and set in a flexible educational environment. The curriculum is designed so that educators can form various combinations of instructional activities and resource…

Blair, Brittain A.

254

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Manufacturing Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based Prevocational Manufacturing Exploration curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. The guide is intended to help instructors give students career exploration activities in the various fields and job categories of manufacturing. The guide is organized into 18 learning…

Thompson, William R.

255

Competencies of expert web-based instruction designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based instruction has been increasingly accepted in education, business and industry, military and government, healthcare and other sectors as a dominant means to deliver instruction beyond time and geographical constraints. However, the overall quality of WBI courses or programs remains a concern. The reasons for the ineffectiveness can be many, of which is the lack of sufficient competencies and skills

Yonghui Chen

2012-01-01

256

Competencies of expert Web-based instruction designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based instruction has been increasingly accepted in education, business and industry, military and government, healthcare and other sectors as a dominant means to deliver instruction beyond time and geographical constraints. However, the overall quality of WBI courses or programs remains a concern. The reasons for the ineffectiveness can be many, of which is the lack of sufficient competencies and skills

Yonghui Chen

2012-01-01

257

Student Material for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Welding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This student welding competency-based education curriculum consists of six units dealing with general areas related to trade occupations and nine units covering specific aspects of working with welding equipment and performing welding operations. Topics covered in the first six units are welding opportunities, human relations, safety, basic…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

258

Renewing Higher Education: The Competency-Based Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten essays are presented that consider a number of philosophical and technical issues associated with an emerging curriculum strategy known as competency-based education. Among them are: The debate over the relevance of liberal versus practical subjects; faculty renewal; the impact of reform on the student; the validation of excellence; and the…

Peterson, Vance T., Ed.

259

MADE 1. Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is one in a series of three competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). Covered in the individual sections of the guide are the following topics: job orientation (cooperative education work agreements, personal appearance, career opportunities, job applications, job…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

260

MADE 2. Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide is one in a series of three competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). Covered in the individual sections of the guide are the following topics: job orientation (personal appearance, job opportunities, job interviews, basic skills, training plans, legal requirements,…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

261

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Manufacturing Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based Prevocational Manufacturing Exploration curriculum for secondary students in West Virginia. The guide is intended to help instructors give students career exploration activities in the various fields and job categories of manufacturing. The guide is organized into 18 learning…

Thompson, William R.

262

Competency-Based Teacher Education; Progress, Problems, and Prospects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume is an outgrowth of the 1971 conference on competency-based teacher education at the University of Houston. The authors deal with topics which concern the conference participants. The topics include a) change and challenge in teacher education, b) explicit objectives, c) curriculum design, d) evaluation of teaching behavior, e)…

Houston, W. Robert, Ed.; Howsam, Robert B., Ed.

263

Auto Body Repair--Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This student manual is part of the competency based education curriculum for students training in auto body repair. The manual contains learning modules in eight areas; (1) occupational information, (2) trim and accessories, (3) glass, (4) painting and refinishing, (5) metal work, (6) body alignment, (7) frame work, and (8) estimating. Within…

Radio Corp. of America, Palo Alto, CA. Education Systems.

264

Competency Based Curriculum for Clothing Services and Production Sewing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to meet individual needs and learning levels of high school and postsecondary students enrolled in vocational training for occupations in clothing services and production sewing, this competency-based curriculum teaches skills in alterations, dressmaking, and power sewing machine operations. Skills are organized into 13 units: Awareness…

Blake, Charlotte

265

Competency Based Curriculum for Prevocational Exploration Consumer and Homemaking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This competency-based prevocational exploration curriculum is designed to provide occupational information and hands-on experiences pertaining to consumer and homemaking occupations to ninth- and tenth-grade students. The curriculum consists of 45 learning pacs, 43 of which cover one service occupation each. Information for each service…

Reese, Clara; Chenoweth, Roberta

266

Competency Based Curriculum for Clothing Services and Production Sewing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to meet individual needs and learning levels of high school and postsecondary students enrolled in vocational training for occupations in clothing services and production sewing, this competency-based curriculum teaches skills in alterations, dressmaking, and power sewing machine operations. Skills are organized into 13 units: Awareness…

Blake, Charlotte

267

Competence-Based Knowledge Structures for Personalised Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competence-based extensions of Knowledge Space Theory are suggested as a formal framework for implementing key features of personalised learning in technology-enhanced learning. The approach links learning objects and assessment problems to the relevant skills that are taught or required. Various ways to derive these skills from domain ontologies…

Heller, Jurgen; Steiner, Christina; Hockemeyer, Cord; Albert, Dietrich

2006-01-01

268

Competence-Based Knowledge Structures for Personalised Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based extensions of Knowledge Space Theory are suggested as a formal framework for implementing key features of personalised learning in technology-enhanced learning. The approach links learning objects and assessment problems to the relevant skills that are taught or required. Various ways to derive these skills from domain ontologies are discussed in detail. Moreover, it is shown that the approach induces

Juergen Heller; Christina Steiner; Cord Hockemeyer; Dietrich Albert

2006-01-01

269

MADE 2. Marketing and Distributive Education Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is one in a series of three competency-based instructional materials dealing with marketing and distributive education (MADE). Covered in the individual sections of the guide are the following topics: job orientation (personal appearance, job opportunities, job interviews, basic skills, training plans, legal requirements, and…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

270

Proceedings of the Conference on Competency-Based Training (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, November 27-29, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains summaries of five workshops, each with several speakers, held at a conference on competency-based training (CBT) in Australia. The following are included in Session 1, Developing and Delivering CBT Programs: "Developing and Delivering CBT Programs--Opening Speech" (Steve McDonald); "Competency Standards and the CBT System"…

Carey, Cristene, Ed.

271

Proceedings of the Conference on Competency-Based Training (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, November 27-29, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains summaries of five workshops, each with several speakers, held at a conference on competency-based training (CBT) in Australia. The following are included in Session 1, Developing and Delivering CBT Programs: "Developing and Delivering CBT Programs--Opening Speech" (Steve McDonald); "Competency Standards and the CBT System"…

Carey, Cristene, Ed.

272

Loss of RNase R Induces Competence Development in Legionella pneumophila? †  

PubMed Central

RNase R is a processive 3?-5? exoribonuclease with a high degree of conservation in prokaryotes. Although some bacteria possess additional hydrolytic 3?-5? exoribonucleases such as RNase II, RNase R was found to be the only predicted one in the facultative intracellular pathogen Legionella pneumophila. This provided a unique opportunity to study the role of RNase R in the absence of an additional RNase with similar enzymatic activity. We investigated the role of RNase R in the biology of Legionella pneumophila under various conditions and performed gene expression profiling using microarrays. At optimal growth temperature, the loss of RNase R had no major consequence on bacterial growth and had a moderate impact on normal gene regulation. However, at a lower temperature, the loss of RNase R had a significant impact on bacterial growth and resulted in the accumulation of structured RNA degradation products. Concurrently, gene regulation was affected and specifically resulted in an increased expression of the competence regulon. Loss of the exoribonuclease activity of RNase R was sufficient to induce competence development, a genetically programmed process normally triggered as a response to environmental stimuli. The temperature-dependent expression of competence genes in the rnr mutant was found to be independent of previously identified competence regulators in Legionella pneumophila. We suggest that a physiological role of RNase R is to eliminate structured RNA molecules that are stabilized by low temperature, which in turn may affect regulatory networks, compromising adaptation to cold and thus resulting in decreased viability.

Charpentier, Xavier; Faucher, Sebastien P.; Kalachikov, Sergey; Shuman, Howard A.

2008-01-01

273

Competency Based Certification of School Administrators: The Georgia Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Georgia's competency testing program has gained national recognition and has served as a model for other states planning such programs. The focus of this paper is on the Teacher Certification Test (TCT) in Administration and Supervision developed to conform to stringent legal and job-relatedness requirements. The test is required of educators…

Schnittjer, Carl J.; Flippo, Rona F.

274

Competency Based Curriculum. Pre-Vocational Business & Office Cluster. One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide is the first part of a two-part volume developed to assist those who are engaged in implementing prevocational exploration programs concerned with business and office occupations. It consists of experiential learning pacs that sample a variety of competencies performed by various workers employed in the business and office…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

275

Development and psychometric evaluation of the competency inventory for nursing students: a learning outcome perspective.  

PubMed

Deficiency in essential core competencies could jeopardize the safety of patients. Adopting the outcome-based approach, a set of minimally required core competencies for nursing students was developed to ensure the quality of nursing education. Determination of what point to measure competency is needed. Most importantly, competence indicators of nursing students can be used in curriculum development, planning, and learning outcome evaluation. The purpose of this study was to develop a competency inventory to measure learning outcomes of baccalaureate nursing students and to test its psychometric properties. Psychometric testing was conducted with a convenience sample of 599 nursing students in 2011. Principal axis factor analysis was performed on the 52-item scale to determine construct validity and Cronbach's alpha was used to measure the internal consistency. Principal axis factoring method identified six factors through the direct oblimin rotations including pattern matrix and structure matrix: ethical and responsibility, general clinical skills, lifelong learning, clinical biomedical science, caring and critical thinking reasoning. Exploratory factor analysis yielded an instrument with 43-items on six factors, accounting for 69.84% of the variance in scores. The Competency Inventory of Nursing Students (CINS) factors ranged from 0.91 to 0.98. This study shows that the Competency Inventory of Nursing Students has satisfactory psychometric properties and could be a useful instrument for measuring learning outcomes of nursing student. The competence indicators show merit for assessing learning outcomes for nursing students in nursing education. However, a cross-validation of the scale with another sample is also needed. PMID:22727581

Hsu, Li-Ling; Hsieh, Suh-Ing

2012-06-21

276

Occupational Home Economics Education Series. Catering Services. Competency Based Teaching Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of ten competency based modules developed for vocational home economics teachers, is based on a job cluster in the catering industry. It is designed for use with a variety of levels of learners (secondary, postsecondary, adult) in both school and non-school educational settings. Focusing on two levels of employment, food caterer…

Lowe, Phyllis; And Others

277

Competency-Based Transfer HECB Final Report on the Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project ? House Bill 1909  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2003, the legislature and governor enacted House Bill 1909 to create a pilot project on competency-based transfer between two--and four--year colleges and universities. The legislation directed the Higher Education Coordinating Board (HECB) to select institutions to define transfer requirements in several disciplines on the basis of students'…

Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2005

2005-01-01

278

Constructing a leadership competencies development tool: a case study in a university  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the process used to define the leadership competencies necessary in a university and subsequently develop an instrument to evaluate these competencies. It begins with a brief overview of literature relating to competencies, then reviews the relationship between competencies and performance management. Focusing on the university that is the subject of the case study, it then outlines the

Ronel Erwee; Lesley Willcoxson; Don Smith; Cec Pedersen

279

The core competencies and MFT education: practical aspects of transitioning to a learning-centered, outcome-based pedagogy.  

PubMed

The MFT core competencies and latest COAMFTE accreditation standards usher in a new paradigm for MFT education. This transition necessitates not only measuring student mastery of competencies but also, more importantly, adopting a contemporary pedagogical model. This article provides an overview of the changes, a review of parallel trends in other health professions, definitions of learning-centered and outcome-based pedagogy, and a detailed description of a systematic approach for developing a competency-based curriculum, including a list of educator competencies necessary for successful implementation. PMID:21745236

Gehart, Diane

2010-04-26

280

Kentucky's Early Childhood Professional Development Initiative to Promote Social-Emotional Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the Kentucky Initiative for Social Skill and Emotional Development which provides annual training and technical assistance to build early childhood programs' capacity to deliver practices known to promote social and emotional competency. The initiative is based on the 3-tiered Positive Behavior Support model that teaches…

McLaren, Elizabeth M.; Hall, Phyllis J.; Fox, Pamela

2009-01-01

281

Secondary-Postsecondary Curriculum Development in Automotive Mechanics. Automotive Electrical Competencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of a competency-based curriculum in automotive mechanics which is usable by students at both the secondary and postsecondary levels, this learning package focuses on automotive electrical systems. It is the first unit to be published in a series of eight which will cover the eight subject areas on the national certification…

Hoepner, Ronald

282

Accelerating the development of emotion competence in Head Start children: Effects on adaptive and maladaptive behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Separate studies of rural and urban Head Start systems tested the hypothesis that an emotion-based prevention program (EBP) would accelerate the development of emotion and social competence and decrease agonistic behavior and potential precursors of psychopathology. In both studies, Head Start centers were randomly assigned to treatment and control\\/ comparison group conditions. In Study 1 (rural community), results of hierarchical

Carroll E. Izard; Kristen A. King; Christopher J. Trentacosta; Judith K. Morgan; Jean-Philippe Laurenceau; E. Stephanie Krauthamer-Ewing; Kristy J. Finlon

2008-01-01

283

"I Prefer Not Text": Developing Japanese Learners' Communicative Competence with Authentic Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This quasi-experimental study reports on a 10-month classroom-based longitudinal investigation, exploring the potential of authentic materials to develop Japanese learners' communicative competence in English. Sixty-two second-year university students were assigned to either a control group receiving textbook input or an experimental group…

Gilmore, Alex

2011-01-01

284

Competency Based Curriculum Guide for Practical Nursing Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains entry-level practical nursing competencies arranged in eight categories. Each competency appears on a separate sheet on which is included a list of points of knowledge the student should possess in order to meet the competency and a statement regarding evaluative criteria for the competency. Competencies in the following…

New Jersey State Dept. of Education, Trenton. Div. of Vocational Education.

285

Evaluating Assessment Quality in Competence-Based Education: A Qualitative Comparison of Two Frameworks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Because learning and instruction are increasingly competence-based, the call for assessment methods to adequately determine competence is growing. Using just one single assessment method is not sufficient to determine competence acquisition. This article argues for Competence Assessment Programmes (CAPs), consisting of a combination of different…

Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Bastiaens, Theo J.; Kirschner, Paul A.; van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.

2007-01-01

286

Frailty-Based Competing Risks Model for Multivariate Survival Data  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY In this work, we provide a new class of frailty-based competing risks models for clustered failure times data. This class is based on expanding the competing risks model of Prentice et al. (1978, Biometrics 34, 541–554) to incorporate frailty variates, with the use of cause-specific proportional hazards frailty models for all the causes. Parametric and nonparametric maximum likelihood estimators are proposed. The main advantages of the proposed class of models, in contrast to the existing models, are: (1) the inclusion of covariates; (2) the flexible structure of the dependency among the various types of failure times within a cluster; and (3) the unspecified within-subject dependency structure. The proposed estimation procedures produce the most efficient parametric and semiparametric estimators and are easy to implement. Simulation studies show that the proposed methods perform very well in practical situations.

Gorfine, Malka; Hsu, Li

2011-01-01

287

Competence-based risk perception in the project business  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The perceived risk of services is not characterized by being inevitably higher than that of tangible products but rather by the fact that performance risk is bilateral and process-like. The aim of this paper is to explore the nature of this competence-based risk perception during different project transactions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research approach is a qualitative, exploring one.

Zoltán Veres

2009-01-01

288

[Pedagogical strategies for developing ethical and political competence in nursing education].  

PubMed

This study presents a theoretical reflection that aims at identifying teaching strategies for the development of ethical-political dimension of professional competence from the perspective of critical reflection. Professional competence has two dimensions - technical and political, mediated by ethics. Critical reflection renew search ways of thinking and doing in health, with the ultimate goal of intervention in social reality, to improve the living conditions and health of communities. Highlights some educational tools such as portfolio, the field journal and written narratives, which allow producing a clear and objective account of the experience and assigning meaning and significance of what was accomplished. Based on a critical reflection, such instruments helped develop ethical-political dimension of professional competence. PMID:23743851

Burgatti, Juliane Cristina; Leonello, Valéria Marli; Bracialli, Luzmarina Aparecida Doretto; Oliveira, Maria Amélia de Campos

2013-04-01

289

Agent-based modeling of competence phenotype switching in Bacillus subtilis  

PubMed Central

Background It is a fascinating phenomenon that in genetically identical bacteria populations of Bacillus subtilis, a distinct DNA uptake phenotype called the competence phenotype may emerge in 10–20% of the population. Many aspects of the phenomenon are believed to be due to the variable expression of critical genes: a stochastic occurrence termed “noise” which has made the phenomenon difficult to examine directly by lab experimentation. Methods To capture and model noise in this system and further understand the emergence of competence both at the intracellular and culture levels in B. subtilis, we developed a novel multi-scale, agent-based model. At the intracellular level, our model recreates the regulatory network involved in the competence phenotype. At the culture level, we simulated growth conditions, with our multi-scale model providing feedback between the two levels. Results Our model predicted three potential sources of genetic “noise”. First, the random spatial arrangement of molecules may influence the manifestation of the competence phenotype. In addition, the evidence suggests that there may be a type of epigenetic heritability to the emergence of competence, influenced by the molecular concentrations of key competence molecules inherited through cell division. Finally, the emergence of competence during the stationary phase may in part be due to the dilution effect of cell division upon protein concentrations. Conclusions The competence phenotype was easily translated into an agent-based model – one with the ability to illuminate complex cell behavior. Models such as the one described in this paper can simulate cell behavior that is otherwise unobservable in vivo, highlighting their potential usefulness as research tools.

2013-01-01

290

Competency-based training for PMH nurse generalists: inpatient intervention and prevention of suicide.  

PubMed

Suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in the United States. Approximately 90,000 psychiatric mental health (PMH) nurse generalists work in hospitals in the United States, mostly on inpatient psychiatric units where the most acutely suicidal patients are hospitalized. Although competencies have been developed for mental health clinicians in assessing and managing suicide risk, there are no standard competencies for PMH nurse generalists. Widely accepted nursing practices do not meet suicide-specific standards of care or evidence-based criteria. Although both the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education Essentials for Baccalaureate Education and the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses competencies stress the necessity for comprehensive assessment, safe clinical practices, patient-centered care, evidence-based interventions, and interprofessional communication and collaboration, there are no specific requirements for suicide prevention training in educational and clinical programs. The American Psychiatric Nurses Association has an opportunity to provide leadership in developing, implementing, and evaluating competency-based training for nurses and partner with the national effort to increase the competencies in suicide prevention in the behavioral health workforce. PMID:23950543

Puntil, Cheryl; York, Janet; Limandri, Barbara; Greene, Pamela; Arauz, Eric; Hobbs, Deborah

291

Leading and Managing in a Global Environment: Developing Executive Competencies for the World Stage  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the challenges of developing the executive competencies needed to successfully lead and manage global enterprises. It reviews global competency models and the problems of identifying global skills. It looks at the difficulties of developing global competencies, particularly through overseas assignments. Finally, it considers other methods of developing global skills and the implications for both individuals and firms.

Paul Dainty

292

Development of a Procedure for Competency Testing in Vocational Home Economics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors developed competency tests to document students' achievement of essential competencies in food and nutrition classes. Procedures included (1) developing the item pool; (2) determining validity and reliability; and (3) field testing. The study confirmed that it is possible to develop multiple-choice test items for essential competencies

Felstehausen, Ginny; And Others

1987-01-01

293

Longitudinal Direct and Indirect Pathways Linking Older Sibling Competence to the Development of Younger Sibling Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tested links between early adolescent older sibling (OS) and younger sibling (YS) competence in rural African American families. Found that OS competence was stable across time and related to improvements in mothers' psychological functioning from Wave 1 to Wave 2. Mothers' Wave-2 psychological functioning related to Wave-3 involved-supportive…

Brody, Gene H.; Kim, Sooyeon; Murry, Velma McBride; Brown, Anita C.

2003-01-01

294

Life Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on life science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Life Process, Cells, Levels of Organization, Organ Systems, Food and Oxygen-Photosynthesis, Cycles, Energy, Resources, Cell…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

295

American Government. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on American government is divided into fourteen topics. The topics included are: definition of "State"; left to right political spectrum; Dictatorship vs. Democracy; Capitalism, Communism,…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

296

The Design of Competency-Based Performance Assessment in E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on the design of competency-based performance assessment in e-learning. Though effort has been invested in designing powerful e-learning environments, relatively little attention has been paid to the design of valid and reliable assessments in such environments, leaving many questions to educational developers and teachers.…

Sluijsmans, Dominique M. A.; Prins, Frans J.; Martens, Rob L.

2006-01-01

297

Lessons Learned from the Competency-Based Curriculum Initiative at Baylor College of Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chronicles development of the Baylor College of Dentistry (Texas) competency-based curriculum and outlines 11 lessons learned concerning strategic planning, external accountability, value of significant and continuing faculty participation, administrative support structures, linking planning and assessment, using multiple assessment methods,…

McCann, Ann L.; Babler, William J.; Cohen, Peter A.

1998-01-01

298

Effects of Web-Based Support for the Construction of Competence Maps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educationalists experience difficulties with the construction of competence maps that describe final attainment levels of educational programs. Web-based support was developed with three supportive aids: A construction kit, a phenomenarium, and an information bank. Each supportive aid was expected to improve perceived process and product quality…

Stoof, Angela; Martens, Rob L.; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2006-01-01

299

Lessons Learned from the Competency-Based Curriculum Initiative at Baylor College of Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chronicles development of the Baylor College of Dentistry (Texas) competency-based curriculum and outlines 11 lessons learned concerning strategic planning, external accountability, value of significant and continuing faculty participation, administrative support structures, linking planning and assessment, using multiple assessment methods,…

McCann, Ann L.; Babler, William J.; Cohen, Peter A.

1998-01-01

300

Faculty Ratings as Part of a Competency-Based Evaluation Clinic Grading System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a quarterly rating system developed to replace daily grading in a dental school with a competency-based educational model. Presents results from an early administration of the ratings. These results, for 126 students, show excellent face validity and rater consistency and satisfy the school's standard for grade defensibility. (SLD)

Chambers, David W.

1999-01-01

301

Competency-Based Common-Core Curriculum for Criminal Justice Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents the competency-based, common-core criminal justice curriculum developed to respond to a need for a curriculum recognized by Arizona criminal justice agencies, community colleges, and universities. It contains the five courses of the core curriculum--Introduction to Criminal Justice, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Rules…

Arizona State Board of Directors for Junior Colleges, Phoenix.

302

Earth and Physical Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on earth and physical science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Geology, Meteorology, Astronomy, Natural Disasters, Chemical Reaction, Laboratory, States of Matter, Force and…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

303

Competency-based evaluation tools for integrative medicine training in family medicine residency: a pilot study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: As more integrative medicine educational content is integrated into conventional family medicine teaching, the need for effective evaluation strategies grows. Through the Integrative Family Medicine program, a six site pilot program of a four year residency training model combining integrative medicine and family medicine training, we have developed and tested a set of competency-based evaluation tools to assess residents'

Benjamin Kligler; Mary Koithan; Victoria Maizes; Meg Hayes; Craig Schneider; Patricia Lebensohn; Susan Hadley

2007-01-01

304

Validating the instrument of web based collaborative learning competences using factor analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is no available instrument which determines teacher candidates’ competences of web based collaborative learning. Our study has provided findings about teacher perceptions in Cyprus. This article describes the development, testing and application of a suitable instrument. Research data for the tests of reliability and validity was obtained from a sample of 300 teacher candidates from the education faculty of

Hüseyin Bicen; Fezile Özdaml?

2011-01-01

305

Retailing. Instructor's Guide Sheets and Instructor's Package, Modules R 1-45. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This package contains instructor's guide sheets and student task assignment sheets for Modules R 1-45 of the competency-based curriculum in retailing developed for use in secondary and postsecondary schools in Kentucky. Some of the topics covered in the modules include the following: retailing--past, present, and future; retailing occupations;…

Kentucky State Dept. of Education, Frankfort.

306

United States History. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Proejct.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on United States history is divided into twenty-four topics. The topics included are: Backgrounds of American Colonization; Colonial Life; Causes of the American Revolution; Creating a New…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

307

The Adapted Fresno Test of Competence in Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: Health educators who teach professionals about evidence-based practice (EBP) need instruments to measure change in skills and knowledge. This study aimed to develop and evaluate the interrater reliability, internal consistency, and responsiveness of the Adapted Fresno Test (AFT) of competence in EBP. Methods: Reliability testing…

McCluskey, Annie; Bishop, Bianca

2009-01-01

308

Supporting Representational Competence in High School Biology with Computer-Based Biomolecular Visualizations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the effectiveness of computer-based biomolecular visualization activities on the development of high school biology students' representational competence as a means of understanding and visualizing protein structure/function relationships. Also assessed were students' attitudes toward these activities. Sixty-nine students…

Wilder, Anna; Brinkerhoff, Jonathan

2007-01-01

309

Effects of Web-Based Support for the Construction of Competence Maps  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educationalists experience difficulties with the construction of competence maps that describe final attainment levels of educational programs. Web-based support was developed with three supportive aids: A construction kit, a phenomenarium, and an information bank. Each supportive aid was expected to improve perceived process and product quality…

Stoof, Angela; Martens, Rob L.; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2006-01-01

310

Engaging speech pathology students in design and validation of competency based assessment in the workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

COMPASS™: Competency based assessment in speech pathology is an assessment tool designed and developed through a process that included student engagement. This paper will describe why student engagement was initiated, how it was facilitated during project design and validation, and the outcomes of this process. Student opinion regarding the assessment design and process will be described and compared to feedback

Sue McAllister; Michelle Lincoln; Alison Ferguson; Lindy McAllister

311

Social Competence: Development of an Indicator for Children and Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a new measure based on eight parent-reported items designed for use in large nationally representative surveys\\u000a to assess social competence among children and adolescents 6 to 17 years of age. The measure’s psychometric characteristics\\u000a were evaluated using data (N?=?67,405) from the 2003 (U.S.) National Survey of Children’s Health (NSCH), a broad cross-sectional random-digit-dial telephone\\u000a survey sponsored by the U.S.

Stephen J. Blumberg; Adam C. Carle; Kathleen S. O’Connor; Kristin Anderson Moore; Laura H. Lippman

2008-01-01

312

Adjudicative Competence  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review Although the basic standards of adjudicative competence were specified by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1960, there remain a number of complex conceptual and practical issues in interpreting and applying these standards. In this report we provide a brief overview regarding the general concept of adjudicative competence and its assessment, as well as some highlights of recent empirical studies on this topic. Findings Most adjudicative competence assessments are conducted by psychiatrists or psychologists. There are no universal certification requirements, but some states are moving toward required certification of forensic expertise for those conducting such assessments. Recent data indicate inconsistencies in application of the existing standards even among forensic experts, but the recent publication of consensus guidelines may foster improvements in this arena. There are also ongoing efforts to develop and validate structured instruments to aid competency evaluations. Telemedicine-based competency interviews may facilitate evaluation by those with specific expertise for evaluation of complex cases. There is also interest in empirical development of educational methods to enhance adjudicative competence. Summary Adjudicative competence may be difficult to measure accurately, but the assessments and tools available are advancing. More research is needed on methods of enhancing decisional capacity among those with impaired competence.

Dawes, Sharron E.; Palmer, Barton W.; Jeste, Dilip V.

2008-01-01

313

Developing physician-leaders: key competencies and available programs.  

PubMed

Because effective leadership is critical to organizational success, frontrunner organizations cultivate leaders for bench depth and pipeline development. The many challenges in healthcare today create a special need for great leadership. This paper reviews the leadership competencies needed by physician-leaders and current experience with developing physician-leaders in healthcare institution-sponsored programs. On the basis of this review, six key leadership competency domains are proposed: 1. technical skills and knowledge (regarding operational, financial, and information systems, human resources, and strategic planning), 2. industry knowledge (e.g., regarding clinical processes, regulation, and healthcare trends), 3. problem-solving skills, 4. emotional intelligence, 5. communication, and 6. a commitment to lifelong learning. Review of current experience indicates that, in addition to leadership training through degree and certificate-granting programs (e.g., by universities and/or official medical societies), healthcare institutions themselves are developing intramural programs to cultivate physician-leaders. Greater attention is needed to assessing the impact and effectiveness of such programs in developing leaders and benefiting organizational outcomes. PMID:19655634

Stoller, James K

2008-01-01

314

Competence to Waive Interrogation Rights and Adjudicative Competence in Adolescent Defendants: Cognitive Development, Attorney Contact, and Psychological Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is growing evidence of developmental differences in competency to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative\\u000a competence, the correlates of adolescents' legal capacities remain unclear. This study examined the relationship of legal\\u000a capacities to cognitive development, legal learning opportunities, and psychological symptoms. Participants were 152 male\\u000a and female defendants aged 11–17, who completed Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation

Jodi L. Viljoen; Ronald Roesch

2005-01-01

315

When Failure Is Not An Option: Designing Competency-Based Pathways for Next Generation Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This exploration into competency-based innovation at the school, district, and state levels suggests that competency-based pathways are a re-engineering of this nation's education system around learning--a re-engineering designed for success in which failure is no longer an option. Competency-based approaches build upon standards reforms,…

Sturgis, Chris; Patrick, Susan

2010-01-01

316

The CB Reader. A Guide to Understanding the Competency-Based Adult Education Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph contains eleven exemplary articles that focus on topics related to competency-based adult education. Among the articles included are (1) Competency Based Education: Is It Applicable to Adult Education Programs?, by James E. Hertling; (2) What Adult Performance Level Is--and Is Not, by William G. Spady; (3) Competency Based

Parker, James T., Ed.; Taylor, Paul G., Ed.

317

Teaching and Evaluating Group Competency in Systems-Based Practice in Anesthesiology  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Teaching and assessment of the systems-based practice competency has been problematic in hospital-based specialties such as anesthesiology. We developed a method to teach systems-based practice with collaborative team projects. The outcome was assessed with a tool that focused on group attributes. METHODS: Resident teams chose projects that focused on the health care system. Projects included economic analyses, safety initiatives,

Ellise Delphin; Melissa Davidson

2008-01-01

318

Client Perceptions of Cultural Competence of Community-Based Nurses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cultural competence is best understood by assessing provider and client perspectives. In this descriptive quantitative study, clients assessed dimensions of nurses' cultural competence including communication, decision-making, and interpersonal style. Nurses in 7 county health departments in North Carolina assessed their own cultural competence. Sixty-nine clients completed the Interpersonal Processes of Care and 71 nurses completed the Cultural Competence Assessment. Clients

Sharon S. Starr; Debra C. Wallace

2011-01-01

319

An Examination of Cross-Cultural Curriculum Development and Student Cross-Cultural Competencies in a School-Based Consultation Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this case study was to describe the cross-cultural consultation experiences of school psychology graduate students as they progressed through a semester-long school-based consultation course. Graduate students enrolled in a consultation course completed both quantitative and qualitative assessment measures. The course instructor used…

Arra, Christopher T.

2010-01-01

320

Aspects of Competence-Based Education as Footholds to Improve the Connectivity Between Learning in School and in the Workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in competence-based education have motivated institutions of vocational education and training (VET) to\\u000a improve the links or connectivity between learning in school and learning in the workplace, which has been a problem for decades.\\u000a In previous research, a theoretical framework describing the underlying aspects of competence-based education was developed.\\u000a In this study, three aspects of this framework were

Renate Wesselink; Cees de Jong; Harm J. A. Biemans

2010-01-01

321

Development of Core Competencies for Paraprofessional Nutrition Educators Who Deliver Food Stamp Nutrition Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this project was to describe the process used for the development of core competencies for paraprofessional nutrition educators in Food Stamp Nutrition Education (FSNE). The development process included the efforts of an expert panel of state and multicounty FSNE leaders to draft the core competencies and the validation of those competencies by FSNE paraprofessionals. The result of

Susan S. Baker; Meredith Pearson; Helen Chipman

2009-01-01

322

The Development of Competence in Favorable and Unfavorable Environments: Lessons From Research on Successful Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of competence holds great interest for parents and society alike. This article considers implications from research on competence and resilience in children and adolescents for policy and interventions designed to foster better outcomes among children at risk. Foundations of competence in early development are discussed, focusing on the role of attachment relationships and self-regulation. Results from studies of

Ann S. Masten; J. Douglas Coatsworth

1998-01-01

323

Increasing School Success Through Partnership-Based Family Competency Training  

PubMed Central

An expanding body of research suggests an important role for parent or family competency training in children’s social-emotional learning and related school success. This article summarizes a test of a longitudinal model examining partnership-based family competency training effects on academic success in a general population. Specifically, it examines indirect effects of the Iowa Strengthening Families Program (ISFP) on school engagement in 8th grade and academic success in the 12th grade, through direct ISFP effects on intervention-targeted outcomes—parenting competencies and student substance-related risk—in 6th grade. Twenty-two rural schools were randomly assigned to either ISFP or a minimal-contact control group; data were collected from 445 families. Following examination of the equivalence of the measurement model across group and time, a structural equation modeling approach was used to test the hypothesized model and corresponding hypothesized structural paths. Significant effects of the ISFP were found on proximal intervention outcomes, intermediate school engagement, and the academic success of high school seniors.

Spoth, Richard; Randall, G. Kevin; Shin, Chungyeol

2008-01-01

324

The Radar Graph: the Development of an Educational Tool to Demonstrate Resident Competency  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the movement toward competency-based assessment by accrediting bodies in recent years, there is no consensus on how to best assess medical competence. Direct observation is a useful tool. At the same time, a comprehensive assessment system based on direct observation has been difficult to develop. Intervention We developed a system that translates data obtained from checklists of observed behaviors completed during educational activities, including direct observation of clinical care, into a graphic tool (the “radar graph”) usable for both formative and summative assessment. Using unique, observable behaviors to evaluate levels of competency on the Dreyfus scale, we assessed resident performance in 6 learning sites within our residency. Data are represented on a radar graph, which residents and faculty used to recognize both strengths and areas for growth to guide educational planning for the individual learner. Results Initial data show that the radar graphs have construct validity because the development process accurately reflects the desired construct, assessors were adequately trained, and the radar graphs demonstrated resident growth over time. A form completion rate of 90% for >1500 disseminated assessments suggests the feasibility of our process. Conclusions The radar graph is a promising tool for use in resident feedback and competency assessment. Further research is needed to determine the full utility of the radar graphs, including a better understanding of the tool's reliability and construct validity.

Keister, Drew M.; Larson, Daniel; Dostal, Julie; Baglia, Jay

2012-01-01

325

Coordination and delegation: the core development competencies to create a competitive edge (part 1)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to enable the reader to understand: Herrmann's whole-brained thinking model and its impact on language and difference; trends in development and the need for team-based whole-brained learning; why most culture change initiatives fail; what constitutes a core competence; and how a whole-brained approach is required to ensure culture change, strategy development and the implementation of

R. M. D. Eales-White

2005-01-01

326

Historical and Theoretical Development of Culturally Competent Social Work Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a detailed review of the historical and theoretical context in which culturally competent practice has evolved in the social work profession and enables educators and practitioners to see holistic connections between the past and present. Historical review of the inclusion of diversity content is followed by definitions of culture, cultural competence, and culturally competent practice. We then

Hermeet K. Kohli; Ruth Huber; Anna C. Faul

2010-01-01

327

Assessing Competence in Higher Education. Staff and Educational Development Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of 12 essays focuses on issues surrounding the assessment of competence in higher education, providing examples to illustrate the competence approach in practice in the United Kingdom. They include: (1) "The Assessment of Competence in Higher Education" (Anne Edwards and Peter Knight); (2) "National Vocational Qualifications: The…

Edwards, Anne, Ed.; Knight, Peter, Ed.

328

The Effect of Learning-Based Distinctive Competencies on Firm Performance: A Study of Spanish Hospitality Firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of the importance of knowledge assets, few empirical studies have examined how knowledge is generated in organizations and the effect of knowledge management on learning-based competencies. This research studies the effect of introducing knowledge management programs in the development of learning-based distinctive competencies as these factors relate to a firm’s performance. Based on responses from managers at 193

Daniel Palacios-Marqués; Domingo Ribeiro-Soriano; Ignacio Gil-Pechuán

2011-01-01

329

Competence-Based Approach in Value Chain Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a gap between competence theory and value chain processes frameworks. While individually considered as core elements in contemporary management thinking, the integration of the two concepts is still lacking. We claim that this integration would allow for the development of more robust business models by structuring value chain activities around aspects such as capabilities and skills, as well as individual and organizational knowledge. In this context, the objective of this article is to reduce this gap and consequently open a field for further improvements of value chain processes frameworks.

Azevedo, Rodrigo Cambiaghi; D'Amours, Sophie; Rönnqvist, Mikael

330

Principled, Transformational Leadership: Analyzing the Discourse of Leadership in the Development of Librarianship's Core Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using discourse analysis, this article explores three questions: (a) Why was "principled, transformational leadership" the leadership style added to Core Competences? (b) What was the discourse of leadership in the profession surrounding the development of the Core Competences? (c) How might this competence affect LIS education? And what…

Hicks, Deborah; Given, Lisa M.

2013-01-01

331

Business Competence of Information Technology Professionals: Conceptual Development and Influence on IT-Business Partnerships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research aims at improving our understanding of the concept of the business competence of information technology professionals and at exploring the contribution of this competence to the development of partnerships between IT professionals and their business clients. Business competence focuses on the areas of knowledge that are not specifically IT-related. At a broad level, it comprises the organization-specific knowledge

Geneviève Bassellier; Izak Benbasat

2004-01-01

332

A Cube Model for Competency Development: Implications for Psychology Educators and Regulators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a conceptual framework for training in professional psychology focused on the construct of competency. The authors present a 3-dimensional competency model delineating the domains of knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values that serve as the foundation required of all psychologists, the domains of functional competencies that broadly define what psychologists do, and the stages of professional development from

Emil Rodolfa; Russ Bent; Elena Eisman; Paul Nelson; Lynn Rehm; Pierre Ritchie

2005-01-01

333

The effect of technology on learning during the acquisition and development of competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing body of evidence suggests that distinctive technological competence provide the basis for superior firm performance. However, few, if any, firms possess all the prerequisite competencies required for a given technology-product-market paradigm as they enter that market. This paper explores the different ways in which existing firms develop and intensify competence in response to the changing requirements of industry

Jonathan D. Linton; Steven T. Walsh

2000-01-01

334

Developing Performance Management Competence: An Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students' performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback,…

Mumford, Troy V.

2009-01-01

335

Developing Performance Management CompetenceAn Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students’ performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback, disciplining employees, and conducting termination meetings. Procedures and assessment tools are provided for utilizing the exercise

Troy V. Mumford

2009-01-01

336

Developing Performance Management Competence: An Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students' performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback,…

Mumford, Troy V.

2009-01-01

337

Development and Validation of the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) Self-Report Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|No self-report measure of cultural competence currently exists in program evaluation. Adapting items from cultural competence measures in fields such as counseling and nursing, the researchers developed the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) self-report scale. The goals of this study were to validate the CCPE and to assess…

Dunaway, Krystall E.; Morrow, Jennifer A.; Porter, Bryan E.

2012-01-01

338

A Systematic Review of Developing Team Competencies in Information Systems Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ability to work effectively in teams has been a key competence for information systems engineers for a long time. Gradually, more attention is being paid to developing this generic competence as part of academic curricula, resulting in two questions: how to best promote team competencies and how to implement team projects successfully. These…

Figl, Kathrin

2010-01-01

339

A Systematic Review of Developing Team Competencies in Information Systems Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to work effectively in teams has been a key competence for information systems engineers for a long time. Gradually, more attention is being paid to developing this generic competence as part of academic curricula, resulting in two questions: how to best promote team competencies and how to implement team projects successfully. These…

Figl, Kathrin

2010-01-01

340

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPETENCE SCALE FOR LEARNING SCIENCE: INQUIRY AND COMMUNICATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to develop an instrument to measure school students’ competence in learning science as part\\u000a of a large research project in Taiwan. The instrument consisted of 29 self-report, Likert-type items divided into 2 scales:\\u000a Competence in Scientific Inquiry and Competence in Communication. The Competence in Scientific Inquiry scale contained 4 subscales:\\u000a presenting questions and hypothesis,

Huey-Por Chang; Chin-Chang Chen; Gwo-Jen Guo; Yeong-Jin Cheng; Chen-Yung Lin; Tsung-Hau Jen

2011-01-01

341

Cultural Competence in Health Care: A Client-Based Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to the presence of health disparities among a diverse population of older adults, creating culturally competent health care services has emerged as a possible method to help reduce and eventually eliminate inequalities in health care. However, little information exists concerning the effectiveness of cultural competence, and even less is known about how culturally competent clients perceive their providers

Karon L. Phillips

2009-01-01

342

Competency Based Tests: Their Implications for Goals of Composition Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competency testing in composition fixes goals that convey to students, teachers, parents, and the general public inaccurate notions about the nature of composition and what competency in writing comprises. The trend toward competency testing comes from the public's realization that many high school and college graduates are functionally…

Smedman, M. Sarah

343

Impact of a Competency-Based Curriculum on Medical Student Advancement: A Ten-Year Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In 1999, the Indiana University School of Medicine implemented a new curriculum based on the attainment of core competencies beyond medical knowledge. Purpose: The objective was to document how the Student Promotions Committee (SPC) has adjudicated students’ competency-related deficiencies over the past decade. Methods: Using SPC records, the authors determined the frequency of competency-related deficiencies reported to the SPC

James J. Brokaw; Laura J. Torbeck; Mary A. Bell; Dennis W. Deal

2011-01-01

344

From Research to Practice: Developing and Delivering a Culturally Competent Trauma Curriculum for Child Welfare Practitioners After 9\\/11  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the experiences of social work scholar-practitioners who developed and delivered a culturally competent trauma curriculum to child welfare practitioners in New York City in the aftermath of the World Trade Center terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. It explores the challenges in teaching practitioners culturally competent, evidence-based practice in general and trauma-related content in particular, offering orienting

Roni Berger; Patricia A. Joyce

2010-01-01

345

Developing Pedagogical Competence: Issues and Implications for Marketing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competence in pedagogy and research is the sine qua non of marketing educators' careers. However, there is evidence in the literature that marketing academics focus "more on" and "are more competent" in research than teaching. This imbalance, in a majority of instances, can be traced back to doctoral education. Doctoral programs in marketing are…

Madhavaram, Sreedhar; Laverie, Debra A.

2010-01-01

346

Cultural Competence Development in Health Education Professional Preparation Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To date few studies have been conducted to assess the preparation of health educators in the area of cultural sensitivity and competence. The purpose of this study was to assess efforts and opportunities offered by health education professional preparation programs to prepare health educators in the area of cultural competence. One hundred…

Luquis, Raffy; Perez, Miguel; Young, Kathleen

2006-01-01

347

Developing the Great Eight Competencies with Leaderless Group Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Great Eight competencies are work behaviors that promote employee effectiveness in 21st-century organizations. These competencies include enterprising and performing, adapting and coping, organizing and executing, creating and conceptualizing, analyzing and interpreting, interacting and presenting, supporting and cooperating, and leading and…

Costigan, Robert D.; Donahue, Lynn

2009-01-01

348

The Interpersonal Competence Development Project: The Intersection of Theory and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Skill development exercises designed to promote the development of students' interpersonal competence have been the centerpiece of undergraduate interpersonal communication courses for decades. Research suggests that students develop interpersonal competence through exposure to and participation in skill development courses and activities. In…

Graham, Elizabeth E.; Mazer, Joseph P.

2011-01-01

349

Competencies for port and logistics personnel: An application of regional human resource development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human resource development for regional strategic industries is an emerging emphasis for the development of industries that\\u000a have growth potential. This article identifies competencies and expertise levels needed by port and logistics industry personnel,\\u000a a sector that has growth potential in Busan, South Korea. The research consisted of expert interviews to develop a competency\\u000a survey. Six competency clusters and 16

Young-sik Ahn; Gary N. McLean

2008-01-01

350

Geospatial Technology Competency Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial Technology Competency Model (GTCM) is depicted as a pyramid with nine tiers. This depiction illustrates how occupational and industry competencies build on a foundation of personal effectiveness, academic, and workplace competencies. Each tier consists of one or more blocks representing the skills, knowledge, and abilities essential for successful performance in the industry or occupation represented by the model. At the base of the model, competencies apply to a large number of occupations and industries. As a user moves up the model, the competencies become industry- and occupation-specific. This document specifies competencies required for worker success in the geospatial industry, from the most general Personal Effectiveness Competencies (Tier 1) to the sector-specific competencies presented in Tier 5. Additional occupation-specific competencies and requirements (Tiers 6-8), as well as management competencies (Tier 9) are beyond the scope of this document. Expected uses of the GTCM include career guidance, curriculum development and assessment, recruitment and hiring, continuing professional development, criteria for voluntary certification, and outreach efforts intended to communicate characteristics of the geospatial field to the public. GTCM users should bear in mind that the pyramid framework is not intended to suggest a sequence of competency attainment or that certain competencies are of greater value or higher skill than others. The body of the GTCM is a table that contains definitions and associated key behaviors for each competency block depicted in the pyramid.

2010-12-28

351

Supporting Representational Competence in High School Biology With Computer-Based Biomolecular Visualizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the effectiveness of computer-based biomolecular visualization activities on the development of high school biology students' representational competence as a means of understanding and visualizing protein structure\\/function relationships. Also assessed were students' attitudes toward these activities. Sixty-nine students enrolled in three sections of freshman biology used Chemscape Chime software to interactively view 3-D representations of the protein hemoglobin

Anna Wilder; Jonathan Brinkerhoff

2007-01-01

352

Complexity theory and the "puzzling" competencies: Systems-based Practice And Practice-based Learning explored.  

PubMed

Of all the clinical competencies, the least understood are Systems-Based Practice and Practice-Based Learning and Improvement. With a shift to competency-based education and evaluation across the spectrum of surgical education and practice, a clear understanding of the power and utility of each competency is paramount. Health care operates as a complex adaptive system, with dynamics foreign to many health care professionals and educators. The adaptation and evolution of such a system is related directly to both the individual and the organizational learning of the agents within the system and knowledge management strategies. Far from being "difficult," Systems-Based Practice and Practice-Based Learning form the heart of quality improvement initiatives and future productivity advances in health care. PMID:20656610

Gonnering, Russell S

353

Evidence-based competencies for improving communication skills in graduate medical education: a review with suggestions for implementation.  

PubMed

Communicating with patients is arguably the most common and important activity in medical practice, but this activity receives relatively little emphasis in graduate medical education. We propose 12 evidence-based communication competencies that program directors can adopt as a framework for teaching and evaluating residents' communication skills. We review supporting evidence for these competencies and argue that communication should be treated like a procedural skill that must be taught and evaluated by observing real resident-patient interactions. We make practical suggestions for implementing these competencies by addressing three critical components of a competency-based approach to communication skills: patient safety, faculty development, and direct observation of residents. This approach to teaching and assessing communication skills provides a rationale for incorporating routine direct observation into graduate medical education programs and also for designing communication skills training that ensures graduating residents develop the skills needed to provide safe, effective patient care. PMID:23444891

Henry, Stephen G; Holmboe, Eric S; Frankel, Richard M

2013-02-27

354

Theme: Coping with Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Consists of five articles on the topic of competencies in vocational agriculture. Topics covered include (1) competency-based instruction, (2) competencies for agricultural recordkeeping, (3) competencies in hydroponics, and (4) competencies in agribusiness. (CH)|

Brown, Daniel; And Others

1989-01-01

355

The relationship between perceived competence and earned credits in competence-based higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

We explored how two types of study outcomes, perceived competence and earned credits, are interrelated, and influenced by self-regulation, motivation (intrinsic value and expectancy of procrastination) and deep approach to learning. The relationships between these variables were analysed in a sample of 894 first-year Dutch university students, using linear structural modelling. Results show that learning process factors play other roles

J. C. Kamphorst; W. H. A. Hofman; E. P. W. A. Jansen; C. Terlouw

2012-01-01

356

Le francais fonde sur la competence, Superieur (Competency Based French, Superior).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical units at the superior level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational texts. Unit topics include: explaining how to do something; explaining…

Dimanche, Maurice

357

The Determinants and Impact of Customer Base in Modern Information Age: A Competence-Based Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Based on competence-based view and network economics, this study intends to explore the determinants and the impact of customer\\u000a base of Internet-based firms. This study suggests that the types of firm capabilities (technological versus marketing) are\\u000a determined the customer base, and the customer base and firm capabilities impact on firm performance as well. Drawing on website\\u000a traffic data and stock

Bau-Jung Chang

358

Competence to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative competence in adolescent defendants: cognitive development, attorney contact, and psychological symptoms.  

PubMed

Although there is growing evidence of developmental differences in competency to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative competence, the correlates of adolescents' legal capacities remain unclear. This study examined the relationship of legal capacities to cognitive development, legal learning opportunities, and psychological symptoms. Participants were 152 male and female defendants aged 11-17, who completed Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation of Miranda Rights, the Fitness Interview Test (Revised Edition), the Woodcock-Johnson III Cognitive Assessment Battery, and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale for Children. Legal capacities relevant to interrogation and adjudication increased with age. These developmental differences were partially mediated or explained by cognitive development. Of the specific cognitive abilities examined (general intellectual ability, verbal ability, reasoning, long-term retrieval, attention, and executive functioning), verbal ability was a particularly strong predictor of performance on competency measures. Also, defendants obtained lower scores on competency measures if they showed evidence of attention deficits or hyperactivity, had spent limited time with their attorneys, and/or were from low socioeconomic backgrounds. PMID:16382358

Viljoen, Jodi L; Roesch, Ronald

2005-12-01

359

Students' personal professional theories in competence?based vocational education: the construction of personal knowledge through internalisation and socialisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence?based vocational education is based on a constructivist learning paradigm, where the development of students' personal professional knowledge is emphasised. However, there is a lack of insight into how students construct their own professional knowledge and what the content and nature of personal professional knowledge is. This article elaborates the concept Personal Professional Theory (PPT): a personal knowledge base in

Harmen Schaap; Elly De Bruijn; Marieke Van der Schaaf; Paul A. Kirschner

2009-01-01

360

Developing Cross Cultural Competence: Applying Development and Prevention Ideals to Counseling Young Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As counselors turn their attention to child-based counseling, there is a need to apply the core tenets of the discipline of counseling to young children and incorporate cross-cultural issues into clinical competence. Using Multicultural Counseling Theory (MCT), the authors discuss conventional approaches to providing clinical interventions for…

Wolfgang, Jeff; Frazier, Kimberly; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Barrett, Joe

2011-01-01

361

Teaching statics of fluids in bioengineering: a multidisciplinary proposal based on competences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this work is to share the findings of an educational experience undertaken by first-year university students of bioengineering, oriented towards the model of Competence-based Education. Different aspects on integrative education pursued in the subject goals are explicitly focused here by designing a strategy within a contextualized and multidisciplinary approach that combines knowledge from Physics, Chemistry and Biology. The topic chosen for the work is Static of Fluids, because it allows relating pressure to its biological effects on human beings. After evaluating a pre-test, new interrelated strategies are implemented. Due to the motivation audiovisuals generate in adolescents, we start showing an argumentative film entitled 'The Big Blue', and continue with different individual and/or group activities, finishing with a post-test to assess the development of the competences proposed. Results are encouraging as regards the level of specific competences acquired and, complementarily, basic and professional competences in general. Besides, the experience met expectations as regards student motivation, interest and commitment to learning, which ensured the path taken by the academicians by means of implementing innovative strategies.

Alborch, A.; Puzzella, A.; Lopez, N.; Cabrera, L.; Zabala, A.; Demartini, H.

2007-11-01

362

A Competency-Based Clinical Chemistry Course for the Associate Degree Medical Laboratory Technician Graduate in a Medical Technology Baccalaureate Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a project that developed a competency-based clinical chemistry course for associate degree medical laboratory technicians (MLT) in a medical technology (MT) baccalaureate program. Content of the course was based upon competencies expected of medical technologists at career-entry as defined in the statements adopted in 1976 by the…

Buccelli, Pamela

363

A Competency-Based Clinical Chemistry Course for the Associate Degree Medical Laboratory Technician Graduate in a Medical Technology Baccalaureate Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented is a project that developed a competency-based clinical chemistry course for associate degree medical laboratory technicians (MLT) in a medical technology (MT) baccalaureate program. Content of the course was based upon competencies expected of medical technologists at career-entry as defined in the statements adopted in 1976 by the…

Buccelli, Pamela

364

Implementing KSF competency testing in primary care. Part 1: developing an appraisal tool.  

PubMed

The delivery of an effective community nursing workforce relies on competent staff. Commissioners will need to be assured that their providers employ competent, efficient staff who give value for money. The Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) was introduced as part of Agenda for Change to identify the competences required, but competency testing using the KSF has not been fully implemented across the UK, and measuring competency, using the KSF indicators, still leaves much room for variation and a non-standardized approach. In the first of this two-part article, the authors discuss the process through which the provider services of one London PCT developed standardized competences using the KSF which were linked to staff performance and which provided clear areas for individual development. PMID:20966843

Bentley, Jenny; Dandy-Hughes, Harlene

2010-10-01

365

Health librarians: developing professional competence through a 'legitimate peripheral participation' model.  

PubMed

This feature considers the legitimate peripheral participation model in developing professional competencies in health librarianship. It is described how this model was used in the development of a framework for mapping and recognising the competencies gained by new health librarians at the Royal Free Hospital Medical Library. HS. PMID:22051132

Clarke, Sara; Thomas, Zoe

2011-09-07

366

Quality Literacy--Competencies for Quality Development in Education and E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article suggests that stakeholders involved in quality development need a specific competence, called quality literacy, in order to successfully improve learning processes. We introduce and describe quality literacy as a set of competencies that are needed for professional quality development. Quality literacy emphasises the importance of…

Ehlers, Ulf-Daniel

2007-01-01

367

The paradoxical role of competence development in supply chain management: empirical findings from Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Supply chain management (SCM) is an important way to enhance competitive strength. This paper focuses on the importance that commercial companies place on competence development in relation to SCM and the extent to which they are prepared to work systematically in order to develop the competence needed to meet the SCM challenges. Findings from a nation-wide empirical study, reported in

M. Heide; T. I. Vaaland; K. Grønhaug

2008-01-01

368

Developing Employee Competence. Symposium 25. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This packet contains three papers from a symposium on developing employee competence. The first paper, "Coaching in Organizations: Self-Assessment of Competence" (Gary N. McLean, Min-Hsun [Christine] Kuo), reports on development and pilot-testing of an instrument to identify the developmental needs of managers and peers to function more…

2000

369

Why Do Small Enterprises Participate in a Programme for Competence Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase our understanding of why firms, specifically small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), participate in a programme for competence development and why firms use different strategies for competence development. Design/methodology/approach: A study of 17 SMEs that all received support from the…

Kock, Henrik; Gill, Andreas; Ellstrom, Per Erik

2008-01-01

370

Competency-based reforms of the undergraduate biology curriculum: integrating the physical and biological sciences.  

PubMed

The National Experiment in Undergraduate Science Education project funded by the Howard Hughes Medical Institute is a direct response to the Scientific Foundations for Future Physicians report, which urged a shift in premedical student preparation from a narrow list of specific course work to a more flexible curriculum that helps students develop broad scientific competencies. A consortium of four universities is working to create, pilot, and assess modular, competency-based curricular units that require students to use higher-order cognitive skills and reason across traditional disciplinary boundaries. Purdue University; the University of Maryland, Baltimore County; and the University of Miami are each developing modules and case studies that integrate the biological, chemical, physical, and mathematical sciences. The University of Maryland, College Park, is leading the effort to create an introductory physics for life sciences course that is reformed in both content and pedagogy. This course has prerequisites of biology, chemistry, and calculus, allowing students to apply strategies from the physical sciences to solving authentic biological problems. A comprehensive assessment plan is examining students' conceptual knowledge of physics, their attitudes toward interdisciplinary approaches, and the development of specific scientific competencies. Teaching modules developed during this initial phase will be tested on multiple partner campuses in preparation for eventual broad dissemination. PMID:23737624

Thompson, Katerina V; Chmielewski, Jean; Gaines, Michael S; Hrycyna, Christine A; LaCourse, William R

2013-01-01

371

Developing high-level change and innovation agents: competencies and challenges for executive leadership.  

PubMed

The work of health care reform and revolution requires leadership competencies that integrate the digital realities of time, space, and media. Leadership skills and behaviors of command, control, and directing from predigital times are no longer effective, given the impacts of the digital changes. Developing leadership competence in evidence-driven processes, facilitation, collaborative teamwork, and instilling a sense of urgency is the work of today's executive leaders. Ten competencies necessary for contemporary executive leadership are presented in this article. PMID:23222755

Malloch, Kathy; Melnyk, Bernadette Mazurek

372

Use of health fairs to develop public health nursing competencies.  

PubMed

This paper describes a community-campus partnership for health education established through the effort of faculty, students, and the community. Health fairs designed to address issues of concern to a community agency were originally conducted with nursing students. This partnership between nursing and a community was expanded to include social work, physical therapy, and medical students. A shared learning experience was structured through the presentation of health fairs in collaboration with agencies in Burlington, Vermont. One goal of nursing education is to produce professionals who have the beginning competencies of public health nursing. Reflection on the process, relationships, and outcomes of the health fairs revealed that students attained these beginning competencies in all eight public health nursing competency domains. Combining community-campus partnerships and an interdisciplinary focus enabled nursing students to become more responsive to community needs and to learn to work collaboratively toward creating healthier communities, thus building skills required for public health nursing. PMID:16684193

Maltby, Hendrika

373

Competency assessment and development among health-care leaders: results of a cross-sectional survey.  

PubMed

In light of the challenges involved in leading a health care organization, it is important that the executives and managers charged with doing so are competent in a variety of areas. However, leading at all organizational levels does not necessarily require the same levels and types of competencies. The purpose of this research is to determine how well competency training works in health care organizations, and to obtain a better understanding of the competencies needed for leaders at different points of their careers and at various organizational levels. Ten health care management competency domains thought to positively influence job performance for health care executives are presented. The study seeks to answer four hypotheses related to self-perceptions of competencies and training opportunities at various hierarchical levels. A survey method was used to sample a subset of the healthcare executive population in the USA, based on three variables of interest, competency training opportunities, self-reported level of competency and hierarchical level. A series of Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests were conducted to identify perceived differences in both competency level and training opportunities among respondents of various hierarchical levels. The most significant result of our research is that competency training is effective in health care organizations. The implications and need for additional research are discussed. PMID:22673697

Yarbrough Landry, Amy; Stowe, Michael; Haefner, James

2012-05-01

374

QAM: A Competency Based Need Assessment Methodology and Computer Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A needs assessment methodology is described which can be used (1) to assess the competencies required for functioning in a particular position, (2) to provide data for planning inservice and preservice educational programs, (3) to assess job performance, ...

L. E. Gale

1977-01-01

375

The Role of Students’ Personality Characteristics, Self-Perceived Competence and Learning Conceptions in the Acquisition and Development of Social Communicative Competence: A Longitudinal Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important purpose of higher social work education is to guide students to acquire and develop social-communicative competencies.\\u000a The purpose of this study was to investigate the role students’ personality characteristics, self-perceived communicative\\u000a competence and learning conceptions play in the acquisition and development of social-communicative competencies. We designed\\u000a and tested a hypothetical model on the student-related variables – self-perceived communicative

A. W. E. A. Bakx; J. M. M. Van der Sanden; K. Sijtsma; M. A. Croon; Y. J. M. Vermetten

2006-01-01

376

The effects of problem-based learning during medical school on physician competency: a systematic review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Systematic reviews on the effects of problem- based learning have been limited to knowledge competency either during medical school or postgraduate training. We conducted a systematic review of evidence of the effects that problem-based learning during medical school had on physician competencies after graduation. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Databases, and the tables of contents of

G. C.-H. Koh; H. E. Khoo; M. L. Wong; D. Koh

2008-01-01

377

Facilitating Evaluations of Innovative, Competence-Based Assessments: Creating Understanding and Involving Multiple Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Schools are held more responsible for evaluating, quality assuring and improving their student assessments. Teachers' lack of understanding of new, competence-based assessments as well as the lack of key stakeholders' involvement, hamper effective and efficient self-evaluations by teachers of innovative, competence-based assessments (CBAs). While…

Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Biemans, Harm J. A.

2010-01-01

378

Facilitating Evaluations of Innovative, Competence-Based Assessments: Creating Understanding and Involving Multiple Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are held more responsible for evaluating, quality assuring and improving their student assessments. Teachers' lack of understanding of new, competence-based assessments as well as the lack of key stakeholders' involvement, hamper effective and efficient self-evaluations by teachers of innovative, competence-based assessments (CBAs). While…

Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Biemans, Harm J. A.

2010-01-01

379

Locating the Fault Line: The Intersection of Internationalisation and Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper argues that the Tertiary and Further Education system in Australia has responded to globalisation in two paradoxical ways; the pro-active response of internationalisation and the reactive response of competency-based training. Competency-based training currently has a strangle hold on the TAFE sector and education has become a process…

McKay, Heather

2004-01-01

380

Building a Competency-Based Curriculum Architecture to Educate 21st-Century Business Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competency-based instruction can be applied to a military setting, an academic program, or a corporate environment with a focus on producing performance-based learning outcomes. In this article, the authors provide theoretical and practical information about underlying characteristics of competencies and explain how the Department of…

Chyung, Seung Youn; Stepich, Donald; Cox, David

2006-01-01

381

Measuring Learning and Development in Cross-Cultural Competence.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For deployed U.S. military personnel, cross-cultural skills are more important than ever before. Cross-cultural competence is critical to mission success, and specifically, because Soldiers can no longer predict where their next deployments may be, genera...

A. Grandjean E. L. Papautsky K. J. Behymer M. J. McCloskey

2012-01-01

382

Historical and Theoretical Development of Culturally Competent Social Work Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides a detailed review of the historical and theoretical context in which culturally competent practice has evolved in the social work profession and enables educators and practitioners to see holistic connections between the past and present. Historical review of the inclusion of diversity content is followed by definitions of…

Kohli, Hermeet K.; Huber, Ruth; Faul, Anna C.

2010-01-01

383

The ABCs for Pre-Service Teacher Cultural Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an effort to combine pre-service teachers' self-reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross-cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre-service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact…

He, Ye; Cooper, Jewell E.

2009-01-01

384

School Library Media Supervisor Competencies: A Cyclic Design for Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A selected group of 18 school library media supervisors from Washington, Oregon, Alaska, and Hawaii met in an institute to systematically identify the essential competencies for their role and to interact with a group of nine instructors of library media education in colleges and universities. The institute program was conducted in three stages,…

Ahlers, Eleanor E.; Wieman, Jean B.

385

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

386

The ABCs for Pre-Service Teacher Cultural Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to combine pre-service teachers' self-reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross-cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre-service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact that…

He, Ye; Cooper, Jewell E.

2009-01-01

387

Developing Intercultural Competence through the Learning Community Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning Communities (LC) represent an alternative model of teaching and learning in higher education that can foster intercultural competence and knowledge. "Some of the distinctive features of LCs are that they are usually smaller than most units on campus, they help overcome the isolation of faculty members from one another and their students,…

Rivera-Mills, Susana V.

2010-01-01

388

Professional Development for Occupational Specialist: Occupational Competency Testing. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The organization, scope, and activities of the Indiana Occupational Competency Testing Center were expanded to accommodate the requirements of the new Occupational Specialist Certificate for secondary vocational teacher credentialling. A pilot project involved three regional sites in the state. The director of the host area site acted as area…

Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN.

389

Developing Counseling Students' Multicultural Competence through the Multicultural Action Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Multicultural Action Project (MAP) is a cultural immersion project that requires counseling students to engage with diverse cultural communities on 3 levels: observation, information seeking, and action. To ascertain if participating in MAP improved the multicultural competence of graduate counseling students, the authors conducted an…

Hipolito-Delgado, Carlos P.; Cook, Jennifer M.; Avrus, Elaine M.; Bonham, Erica J.

2011-01-01

390

Developing the Indicators of Professional Competency for Kindergarten Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success of school education is directly related to the quality of the teacher. In addition to evaluating the teacher's temperament, spirit and character, the judgment of the teacher's ease or awkwardness also indicates the teacher's professional knowledge, skills, and attitude. Hence, qualified kindergarten teachers should be equipped with excellent pedagogical and crisis control competencies besides being well acquainted with

CHING-CHANG LIN; CHI-TUNG CHEN

2006-01-01

391

Development of Competence in Dynamic Learning Environments. No. 79.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Perspective Text Analysis is a way to measure competence by measuring the strategy of synthesizing, which intelligence tests or questionnaires cannot measure. This paper proposes the use of Perspective Text Analysis in the study of instructional materials. Perspective Text Analysis has been applied in various learning environments, and the…

Bierschenk, Inger

392

Validation and Development of Competencies for Meeting Planners. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the entry-level requirements for meeting planners. The study benefited from the definition of the body of knowledge that had already been done for a professional meeting planner certificate by the Association of Professional Meeting Planners International. To document the competencies needed for an entry-level…

Walk, Mary H.

393

Competency Process Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography consists of resource material used in the formulation and development of "competency process," a collaborative approach to designing and implementing competency based teacher education by energizing creative abilities, developing staff commitment, and utilizing group process and problem solving methodology. The bibliography…

Woodward, Lois K.; And Others

394

Management Competencies Assessment Instrument. A Publication of Building Professional Development Partnerships for Adult Educators Project. PRO-NET 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication introduces an assessment instrument to help programs implement management competencies. It discusses development of management competencies and describes the Management Competencies Assessment Instrument (MCAI) designed to help managers verify and validate their competencies and use the information for planning professional…

Sherman, Renee; Dobbins, Dionne; Tibbetts, John; Crocker, Judith; Dlott, Michael

395

Excellence in School Nursing Practice: Developing a National Perspective on School Nurse Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developing national standards for school nurse competencies can influence professional practice, student wellbeing, and achievement. Collaboration between national experts is key. Closely aligning work of the Southern Regional Education Board Council on Collegiate Education for Nursing on entry-level competencies with the "Standards of…

Bobo, Nichole; Adams, Virginia W.; Cooper, Leslie

2002-01-01

396

Developing Performance Assessments To Measure Teacher Competency in the Use of Educational Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Connecticut State Department of Education has established three levels of educational technology competencies for teachers. Over the past several years researchers at the University of Connecticut had developed a number of performance assessments to measure the extent to which teachers possess these educational technology competencies. This…

Archambault, Francis X., Jr.; Kulikowich, Jonna M.; Brown, Scott W.; Rezendes, George J.

397

Assessing Cross-Cultural Competence in Transnational Education: The Intercultural Development Inventory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS), Bennett's conceptual framework for understanding the developmental stages of intercultural competence, and the Intercultural Development Inventory (IDI), a psychometric instrument for measuring cross-cultural competence and training needs, in both individuals and groups, and…

Greenholtz, Joe

2000-01-01

398

Leading with Diversity: Cultural Competencies for Teacher Preparation and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the student population in schools becomes increasingly diverse, many teachers need professional development to build cultural competencies--the skills and awareness related to issues such as culture, language, race, and ethnicity. This book draws together in one place the research and practical knowledge about cultural competencies that…

Trumbull, Elise; Pacheco, Maria

2005-01-01

399

A Manual of Competency Matched Instructional Materials for Developing Coal Mining Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To assist in the development of secondary level coal mining curricula, this report identifies sixty-four competencies considered by coal mining companies and instructors to be of major or moderate importance. Also, four tables are used to aid curriculum planners. Table 1 contains occupational competencies ranked in importance for the secondary…

Katz, Douglas S.; Oglesby, Elizabeth H.

400

Healthcare Provider Cultural Competency: Development and Initial Validation of a Patient Report Measure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Health researchers have proposed that provider cultural competency may contribute to health disparities. Yet, this belief continues to lack empirical support, and this is due in part to measurement issues that have plagued the cultural competency construct. In the present research, we report on the development of a theoretically grounded, generally applicable, and patient report measure of provider cultural

Todd Lucas; Georgia Michalopoulou; Pamela Falzarano; Shanti Menon; Windy Cunningham

2008-01-01

401

Organisation of English for Academic Purposes Activity for Developing Communicative Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals need communicative competence for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment. Aim of the research is to work out English for Academic Purposes activity organization model and its introducing sequence for promoting communicative competence. Content: the search for English for Academic…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2009-01-01

402

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Counseling Women Competencies Scale (CWCS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the development and psychometric evaluation of the Counseling Women Competencies Scale (CWCS). The CWCS is designed to assess clinicians' self-perceived competencies with regard to therapeutic practice with diverse female clients. Through an extensive review of the literature on counseling women and expert review by 32…

Ancis, Julie R.; Szymanski, Dawn M.; Ladany, Nicholas

2008-01-01

403

An Evaluation of Leadership Competencies and Professional Development Recommendations for the Leaders of Delaware Adult Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is no specialized professional leadership development for the leaders of adult education in Delaware. This study examined competencies for such leaders as the researcher adapted a survey instrument asking participants to rank the relevance of performance indicators, derived from leadership competencies, to their work responsibilities, and…

Grossman, Michael P.

2009-01-01

404

Developing Competence Profiles for Educators in Environmental Education Organisations in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative study explores the meanings and possible merits of introducing competence profiles for enhancing professional development in the environmental education sector in the Netherlands. It presents the three most important environmental education jobs and their underlying competencies alongside their core professional challenges, as…

Wesselink, Renate; Wals, Arjen E. J.

2011-01-01

405

The Development of Academic Competence among Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the first three waves (Grades 5, 6, and 7) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, this study assessed if being a bully or being a victim accounts for an adolescent's academic competence, if selected contextual and individual variables impact an adolescent's academic competence, and if such impact differs in relation to an…

Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2009-01-01

406

The neural bases of key competencies of emotional intelligence  

PubMed Central

Emotional intelligence (EI) refers to a set of competencies that are essential features of human social life. Although the neural substrates of EI are virtually unknown, it is well established that the prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays a crucial role in human social-emotional behavior. We studied a unique sample of combat veterans from the Vietnam Head Injury Study, which is a prospective, long-term follow-up study of veterans with focal penetrating head injuries. We administered the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test as a valid standardized psychometric measure of EI behavior to examine two key competencies of EI: (i) Strategic EI as the competency to understand emotional information and to apply it for the management of the self and of others and (ii) Experiential EI as the competency to perceive emotional information and to apply it for the integration into thinking. The results revealed that key competencies underlying EI depend on distinct neural PFC substrates. First, ventromedial PFC damage diminishes Strategic EI, and therefore, hinders the understanding and managing of emotional information. Second, dorsolateral PFC damage diminishes Experiential EI, and therefore, hinders the perception and integration of emotional information. In conclusion, EI should be viewed as complementary to cognitive intelligence and, when considered together, provide a more complete understanding of human intelligence.

Krueger, Frank; Barbey, Aron K.; McCabe, Kevin; Strenziok, Maren; Zamboni, Giovanna; Solomon, Jeffrey; Raymont, Vanessa; Grafman, Jordan

2009-01-01

407

An approach to development of personalized e-learning environment for dyslexic pupils' acquisition of reading competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dyslexic pupils have specific learning difficulties in acquiring of basic competences in reading and writing. Their education is successful, if it is personalized and individual. It can be achieved by development of personalized e-learning environments that support teaching dyslexic pupil to read. The paper presents a framework for producing of computer-based personalized environment. Its kernel is a conceptual model

Rumen Andreev; Valentina Terzieva; Petia Kademova-Katzarova

2009-01-01

408

A Framework for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Competencies in Using Technologies to Enhance Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a framework for developing pre-service teachers' competencies in using technologies to enhance teaching and learning. It focuses on building the capacity of teacher education institutions (TEI) based on six strategic dimensions: (1) vision and philosophy; (2) program; (3) professional learning of deans, teacher educators and…

Lim, Cher Ping; Chai, Ching Sing; Churchill, Daniel

2011-01-01

409

A Framework for Developing Pre-Service Teachers' Competencies in Using Technologies to Enhance Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a framework for developing pre-service teachers' competencies in using technologies to enhance teaching and learning. It focuses on building the capacity of teacher education institutions (TEI) based on six strategic dimensions: (1) vision and philosophy; (2) program; (3) professional learning of deans, teacher educators and…

Lim, Cher Ping; Chai, Ching Sing; Churchill, Daniel

2011-01-01

410

Cognitive Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

This paper focuses on discussing critical thinking and creative thinking as the core cognitive competence. It reviews and compares several theories of thinking, highlights the features of critical thinking and creative thinking, and delineates their interrelationships. It discusses cognitive competence as a positive youth development construct by linking its relationships with adolescent development and its contributions to adolescents' learning and wellbeing. Critical thinking and creative thinking are translated into self-regulated cognitive skills for adolescents to master and capitalize on, so as to facilitate knowledge construction, task completion, problem solving, and decision making. Ways of fostering these thinking skills, cognitive competence, and ultimately positive youth development are discussed.

Sun, Rachel C. F.; Hui, Eadaoin K. P.

2012-01-01

411

Cognitive competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.  

PubMed

This paper focuses on discussing critical thinking and creative thinking as the core cognitive competence. It reviews and compares several theories of thinking, highlights the features of critical thinking and creative thinking, and delineates their interrelationships. It discusses cognitive competence as a positive youth development construct by linking its relationships with adolescent development and its contributions to adolescents' learning and wellbeing. Critical thinking and creative thinking are translated into self-regulated cognitive skills for adolescents to master and capitalize on, so as to facilitate knowledge construction, task completion, problem solving, and decision making. Ways of fostering these thinking skills, cognitive competence, and ultimately positive youth development are discussed. PMID:22654575

Sun, Rachel C F; Hui, Eadaoin K P

2012-04-24

412

Creative Solution for Implementation of Experiential, Competency-Based Palliative Care Training for Internal Medicine Residents  

PubMed Central

To graduate internal medicine residents with basic competency in palliative care, we employ a two-pronged strategy targeted at both residents and attending physicians as learners. The first prong provides a knowledge foundation using web-based learning programs designed specifically for residents and clinical faculty members. The second prong is assessment of resident competency in key palliative care domains by faculty members using direct observation during clinical rotations. The faculty training program contains Competency Assessment Tools addressing 19 topics distributed amongst four broad palliative care domains designed to assist faculty members in making the clinical competency assessments. Residents are required to complete their web-based training by the end of their internship year; they must demonstrate competency in one skill from each of the four broad palliative care domains prior to graduation. Resident and faculty evaluation of the training programs is favorable. Outcome-based measures are planned to evaluate long-term program effectiveness.

Shpritz, Deborah W.; Wolfsthal, Susan D.; Zimrin, Ann B.; Keay, Timothy J.; Fang, Hong-Bin; Schuetz, Carl A.; Stapleton, Laura M.; Weissman, David E.

2011-01-01

413

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Air Conditioning/Refrigeration. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The curriculum guide for air conditioning/refrigeration is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Two separate curricula, one for the vocational-technical level and one for the associate degree level, are presented. The six…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

414

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Nursing Occupations. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume V.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for nursing occupations is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Following an introductory section giving the philosophy, background, and recommendations for nursing education, the 82 study units are…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

415

Discriminating Emotional Intelligence-Based Competencies of IT Employees and Salespeople  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: This study aims at investigating emotional intelligence based on competencies for sales and IT people. Design/methodology/approach: A study was conducted on 111 employees of 12 firms from four different sectors in which firms benefited extensively from IT and sales activities. Findings: Emotional Competency Inventory (ECI, 2.0) was used…

Yildirim, Osman

2007-01-01

416

Meeting International Society for Technology in Education Competencies with a Problem-Based Learning Video Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Meeting International Society for Technology in Education competencies creates a challenge for teachers. The authors provide a problem-based video framework that guides teachers in enhancing 21st century skills to meet those competencies. To keep the focus on the content, the authors suggest teaching the technology skills only at the point the…

Skoretz, Yvonne M.; Cottle, Amy E.

2011-01-01

417

School Television for Social Studies: A Competency-Based Matrix, Grades K-3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This matrix keys the objectives of the school television programs to the objectives of the grades K-3 competency-based curriculum. Eight programs of the "Out and About" series address science and social studies competency goals and objectives for kindergarten and grade 1. Titles of the lessons are: "Making Friends"; "Keeping Friends"; "Ways to…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

418

Cogenerating a Competency-based HRM Degree: A Model and Some Lessons from Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A competency-based degree program in human resource management was co-generated by six groups of stakeholders who synthesized competency models using group decision support software. The program focuses on core human resource processes, general business management, strategic decision making and problem solving, change management, and personal…

Wooten, Kevin C.; Elden, Max

2001-01-01

419

Competency-Based Leadership Selection Case Study: Peterborough Regional Health Centre  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to the healthcare industry's growing emphasis on accountability and leadership competencies, the Peterborough Regional Health Centre (PRHC) has adopted a Human Resource Strategy that uses a competency-based model to guide the full range of Human Resource activities for its leaders. This article outlines the model that has allowed for the strategic placement of Directors and Managers into positions

Allison Philpot; Rob Devitt; Jane Parr

2002-01-01

420

Supporting Self-Regulated Personalised Learning through Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents two current research trends in e-learning that at first sight appear to compete. Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory (CBKST) provides a knowledge representation framework which, since its invention by Doignon & Falmagne, has been successfully applied in various e-learning systems (for example, Adaptive Learning with…

Steiner, Christina M.; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Albert, Dietrich

2009-01-01

421

Meeting International Society for Technology in Education Competencies with a Problem-Based Learning Video Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Meeting International Society for Technology in Education competencies creates a challenge for teachers. The authors provide a problem-based video framework that guides teachers in enhancing 21st century skills to meet those competencies. To keep the focus on the content, the authors suggest teaching the technology skills only at the point the…

Skoretz, Yvonne M.; Cottle, Amy E.

2011-01-01

422

Understanding public health informatics competencies for mid-tier public health practitioners: a web-based survey.  

PubMed

The literature suggests that there is a need for measuring public health informatics (PHI) competency to further understand whether current educational modules and modalities meet the needs of PHI practitioners and researchers to perform their jobs more effectively, particularly for mid-tier practitioners that constitute the majority of public health workers in the USA. The present study seeks to update current knowledge of the perceptions and experiences of PHI competencies proposed by the U.S. Council on Linkage in Public Health specifically for mid-tier PH practitioners and researchers. The results were collected and analyzed by using a Web-based survey (WBS) method administered among both practitioners and researchers. Researchers first compiled a draft list of candidate competency set by incorporating existing competency areas provided by: 1) the Council on Linkage; and by 2) those proposed by the USA's Centers for Disease Control CDC Public Health Informatics Work Group. Nine sets of competency statements with 120 competency items and demographic information of respondents were included in the WBS. The online survey instruments were pilot-tested accordingly to incorporate feedback from respondents of the pilot. Fifty-six subjects were recruited from PH experts who were: 1) members of the Health Informatics Information Technology (HIIT) group of American Public Health Association; and, 2) members from the Community of Science (COS) Website who were the first authors published in the PHI field from PubMed. The sample included diverse backgrounds of PHI workers. They expressed an increased need for training to improve their PHI competencies. Respondents agreed that four competency sets should be adequately represented, including Leadership and System Thinking Skills (82%), followed by Financial Planning and Management Skills (79%), Community Dimensions of Practice Skills (77%), and Policy Development/Program Planning Skills (63%). The findings parallel current literature indicating that there exists an expressed need for clarification of the public health practitioner's job-specific informatics competency. Findings of expressed needs for basic computer literacy training and community-based practice were consistent with those of the literature. Additional training and resources should be allocated to address the competency of leadership, management, community-based practice and policy advocacy skills for mid-tier public health practitioners to perform their jobs more effectively. Only when healthcare organizations properly identify PHI competency needs will public health practitioners likely improve their overall informatics skills while improving diversification for contribution across multiple settings. PMID:22447878

Hsu, Chiehwen Ed; Dunn, Kim; Juo, Hsin-Hsuan; Danko, Rick; Johnson, Drew; Mas, Francisco Soto; Sheu, Jiunn-Jye

2012-03-01

423

QAM: A Competency Based Need Assessment Methodology and Computer Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A needs assessment methodology is described which can be used (1) to assess the competencies required for functioning in a particular position, (2) to provide data for planning inservice and preservice educational programs, (3) to assess job performance, and (4) to provide information for personnel planners. Quadrants are formed using four…

Gale, Larrie E.

424

Research on Person-Post Fit Based on Competency Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because the traditional person-post fit method which considers person as the auxiliary to post becomes more and more unable to meet the need of modern enterprise management, competency model which is called the new basic point of human resource management was introduced into research on person-post fit. On the basis of consulting a lot of relevant reference and investigating of

He Yonggui; Zhao Yan

2008-01-01

425

Genetic algorithms for online remedial education based on competency approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Personalized learning is one of the main problems associated with the online remedial education (ORE) for e_learning systems. The current composition approaches fail to take into consideration the difference in individual learning- competency and the background knowledge of the individual learners and thus don't provide the adequate teaching sequence that exactly meets the demands of the individual learners. In order

Khalid Jebari; Abdelaziz El Moujahid; Abdelaziz Bouroumi; Aziz Ettouhami

2011-01-01

426

A Guide for Planning Competency-Based Institutional and Home Management Services Education in Home Economics Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is designed to help teachers, especially in South Carolina, develop an effective competency-based vocational education program in occupational home economics, with emphasis on home health aides or homemaker services for the elderly. The course covers the following topics: the aging process (biological aging, psychology of aging,…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

427

Case Study: National Vocational Qualifications and Competence-based Assessment for Technicians--From Sound Principles to Dogma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Misconceptions about competency-based assessment in National Vocational Qualifications include the following: they focus only on workplace performance; they are appropriate only at vocational-technical, not higher/professional levels; they are concerned only with practical skills; and they do not encourage further development. Case study of…

Purcell, Jeanette

2001-01-01

428

Write Proposals. Module CG B-2 of Category B--Supporting. Competency-Based Career Guidance Modules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This module is intended to help guidance personnel in a variety of educational and agency settings plan and develop successful proposals to assist in financing the improvement of existing or future career guidance programs. The module is one of a series of competency-based guidance program training packages focusing upon specific professional and…

Gustafson, Richard A.

429

Effect of Selected Antibiotics and Other Inhibitors on Competence Development in Haemophilus Influenzae.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effect of streptomycin, penicillin, polymyxin, chloramphenicol, novobiocin, erythromycin, D-cycloserine, 8-azaguanine, and 6-azauracil on competence development in Haemophilus influenzae was studied. D-cycloserine and 6-azauracil had no inhibitory eff...

J. M. Ranhand H. C. Lichstein

1968-01-01

430

Exploring the process of multicultural competence development and training of counselor trainees of color  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the process of multicultural competence development and training of counselor trainees of color through a mixed-method research design. Specifically, a correlational design was utilized examine the relationship between the perceptions of trainees of color regarding their multicultural training (climate\\/comfort; multicultural curriculum\\/supervision) and their multicultural competence development in the self-awareness domain. Seventy-six participants (67 female; 9 male) completed

Jaya Thoppil Mathew

2011-01-01

431

Evaluative Research Design for a Competency-Based Critical Care Orientation Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using a Time-Series Single Group evaluative research design, this study examined: (1) the degree to which critical care orientees learn the selected cognitive/affective content and psychomotor performance skills of the Critical Care Competency-Based Orien...

F. T. Kennedy

1983-01-01

432

Inquiry-Based Science Education Competencies of Primary School Teachers: A literature study and critical review of the American National Science Education Standards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inquiry-based science education is an important innovation. Researchers and teachers consider it to be stimulating for pupils’ application of research skills, construction of meaning and acquiring scientific knowledge. However, there is ambiguity as to what competencies are required to teach inquiry-based science. Our purpose is to develop a profile of professional competence, required for effective inquiry-based science teaching in primary

Ester Alake-Tuenter; Harm J. A. Biemans; Hilde Tobi; Arjen E. J. Wals; Ida Oosterheert; Martin Mulder

2012-01-01

433

Zoning, Development Timing, and Agricultural Land Use at the Suburban Fringe: A Competing Risks Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competing risks survival analysis is used to investigate tax and zoning policy impacts on residential, commercial, and industrial development timing in a rapidly growing Midwestern county. Industrial development appears both to precede and occur concurrently with residential development, while commercial development follows other types. Although residences appear to locate away from industrial land, zoning decisions favoring industry may attract rather

Diane Hite; Brent Sohngen; Josh Templeton

2003-01-01

434

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Fiberglass Technician. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on fiberglass technician. This program covers 12 instructional areas: orientation, safety, introduction to fiberglass-reinforced plastics, hand lay-up, introduction to equipment operation, chopper operation, gel-coat equipment, finish and…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

435

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Clerical Clusters. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on clerical occupations. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 10 instructional areas: beginning typing, typing I, typing II, duplicating, receptionist activities, general office procedures, operation of electronic calculator,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

436

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Maintenance Mechanics. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on maintenance mechanics. This program is designed to run 40 weeks and cover 5 instructional areas: basic electricity (14 weeks); maintenance and repair of heating (4 weeks); maintenance and repair of air conditioning (12 weeks); maintenance…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

437

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Food Service. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on food service. This program is designed to run 24 weeks and cover 15 instructional areas: orientation, sanitation, management/planning, preparing food for cooking, preparing beverages, cooking eggs, cooking meat, cooking vegetables,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

438

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Machine Trades. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on machine trades. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 6 instructional areas: use of measuring tools; benchwork/tool bit grinding; lathe work; milling work; precision grinding; and combination machine work. A duty-task index…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

439

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Machine Trades. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on machine trades. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 6 instructional areas: use of measuring tools; benchwork/tool bit grinding; lathe work; milling work; precision grinding; and combination machine work. A duty-task index…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

440

The specificity and the development of social-emotional competence in a multi-ethnic-classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Ethnic diversity in schools increases due to globalization. Thus, the children's social-emotional competence development must be considered in the context of a multi-ethnic classroom. METHODS: In this study, the social-emotional competence of 65 Asian-American and Latin-American children was observed at the beginning and the end of their kindergarten year. RESULTS: Initially, significant differences existed among these ethnic groups in

Katja Petrowski; Ulf Herold; Peter Joraschky; Agnes von Wyl; Manfred Cierpka

2009-01-01

441

Coping with Complex Real-World Problems: Strategies for Developing the Competency of Transdisciplinary Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Real world problems are complex and therefore between and beyond disciplines. To solve them requires expertise across several\\u000a disciplines. This paper argues that we need to teach students transdisciplinary collaboration as a competency demanded in\\u000a future work places. We describe two learning strategies, ”breadth-first” and ”Long Tail”, to help develop these competencies\\u000a in graduate students. An implementation of these strategies

Gitta Domik; Gerhard Fischer

442

Public Health Ethics Education in a Competency-Based Curriculum: A Method of Programmatic Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public health ethics began to emerge in the 1990s as a development within bioethics. Public health ethics education has been\\u000a implemented in schools of public health in recent years, and specific professionalism and ethics competencies were included\\u000a in the Master of Public Health (MPH) competency set developed nationally and adapted by individual schools of public health\\u000a around the country. The

Cynthia L. Chappell; Nathan Carlin

2011-01-01

443

Core competence for sustainable competitive advantage: a structured methodology for identifying core competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Core competencies are the crown jewels of a company and, therefore, should be carefully nurtured and developed. Companies can determine their future business directions based on the strengths of competencies. However, because generalized terms such as resource, asset, capability, and competence are not clearly explained in connection with competence theory, these posing difficulties in understanding many contemporary management concepts. In

Khalid Hafeez; YanBing Zhang; Naila Malak

2002-01-01

444

The wheel of competency assessment: Presenting quality criteria for competency assessment programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instruction and learning are increasingly based on competencies, causing a call for assessment methods to adequately determine competency acquisition. Because competency assessment is such a complex endeavor, one single assessment method seems not to be sufficient. This necessitates Competency Assessment Programs (CAPS) that combine different methods, ranging from classical tests to recently developed assessment methods. However, many of the quality

Liesbeth K. J. Baartman; Theo J. Bastiaens; Paul A. Kirschner

2006-01-01

445

Relationship between Competence-Based Education and Student Reflection on Practice: A UK Case Study of Initial Teacher Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Use of a competency-based framework for initial teacher training in Britain was studied in one institution. Students felt that both competency-based training and reflection on practice generated self-assessment and monitoring. However, time pressures in implementing competence frameworks sometimes limited opportunities for reflection. (SK)|

Burchell, Helen; Westmoreland, Susan

1999-01-01

446

Behavioral Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Behavioral competence is delineated in terms of four parameters: (a) Moral and Social Knowledge, (b) Social Skills, (c) Positive Characters and Positive Attributes, and (d) Behavioral Decision Process and Action Taking. Since Ma's other papers in this special issue have already discussed the moral and social knowledge as well as the social skills associated in detail, this paper focuses on the last two parameters. It is hypothesized that the following twelve positive characters are highly related to behavioral competence: humanity, intelligence, courage, conscience, autonomy, respect, responsibility, naturalness, loyalty, humility, assertiveness, and perseverance. Large-scale empirical future studies should be conducted to substantiate the predictive validity of the complete set of these positive characters. The whole judgment and behavioral decision process is constructed based on the information processing approach. The direction of future studies should focus more on the complex input, central control, and output subprocesses and the interactions among these sub-processes. The understanding of the formation of behavior is crucial to whole-person education and positive youth development.

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

447

An outcome-based evaluation of nursing competency of baccalaureate senior nursing students in Taiwan.  

PubMed

Limited literature is available for demographic and learning factors related to performance of baccalaureate nursing students. The study aimed at examining mean differences in nursing competency between the first week and the sixth week of a nursing clinical practicum as well as evaluating mean differences in nursing competency by demographic and learning factors at the sixth week of a nursing clinical practicum controlling for baseline scores of nursing competency. A comparative study design was conducted using the competency inventory for baccalaureate senior nursing students based on learning outcomes. Participants were surveyed at the first week and the sixth week of a nursing practicum with 95% mean response rate. Paired t test was used to compare within-subjects differences in mean nursing competency. ANCOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test, and Mann-Whitney U test were conducted to compare between-subjects differences in mean nursing competency. There are significant mean differences in nursing competency in general clinical skills, lifelong learning, clinical biomedical science, caring, and critical thinking and reasoning between the 1st week and the 6th week of nursing practicum. Likewise, type of nursing program, prior schooling, type of nursing license, interest in nursing, and extracurricular activity experience were significantly related to mean total nursing competency. Similarly, demographic attributes (location of school, type of nursing program, prior schooling, type of nursing license, a family member working as a medical practitioner or a nurse, interest in nursing, attributes of preferred workplace after college) and learning factors (extracurricular activity experience, played an active role in classroom discussions and asked questions, academic class rank, and English grade, clinical biomedical science, nursing science, and nursing practicum) were significantly related to six-subscale scores of nursing competency. There are mean differences in nursing competency across several demographic and learning factors. These factors should be given greater emphasis by nurse educators in planning the academic and clinical phases of professional education. PMID:23428366

Hsieh, Suh-Ing; Hsu, Li-Ling

2013-02-18

448

Exploring Leadership Competencies in Established and Aspiring Physician Leaders: An Interview-based Study  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives Academic health care institutions have become interested in understanding and supporting current leaders and preparing leaders for the future. We designed this exploratory study to better understand specific perceived leadership needs of physicians from the perspective of “aspiring” and “established” leaders within our institution. Design A qualitative, inductive, structured interview-based design was used to examine the study questions. Participants A purposeful sample of current and aspiring leaders was obtained, sampling across specialties and levels of leadership. Interventions All participants were interviewed by the same investigator (CT). Five open-ended questions were developed as prompts. Two of the investigators independently analyzed the transcripts, using an open coding method to identify themes within the narratives. Inter-observer comparisons were made and discrepancies were resolved through discussion. Results Four themes emerged from analyzing the responses to our questions. Aspiring and established leaders agreed that “knowledge”, “people skills” or emotional intelligence, and “vision” were all characteristics of effective leaders and critical to the success of aspiring leaders. Established leaders in our sample added a characteristic of “organizational orientation” that extended the description of “leaders” to include an understanding of the institution as well as dedication to its success (a trait we have called “organizational altruism”). Conclusions Our findings validate others’ regarding leadership competencies while extending these findings to the specific context of health care and physicians. Important implications for curricular design include: inclusion of emotional intelligence competencies and reducing formal didactics in favor of programs that are both interactive and problem-based.

Taylor, Jay C.; Stoller, James K.

2008-01-01

449

NAIT CPD. Competency Profile Development: A Systems Approach for Program Review Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Engineering Technologies Division of the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT) in Canada has developed a systems approach to program review called Competency Profile Development (CPD). This approach utilizes a combination of organizational communication, project management, management-by-objectives, a modified Developing A…

Dhariwal, Mave

450

Development of a New O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Tool and Examination of Validity and Reliability Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of this study was to create an evaluation tool that would be the new standard for evaluating clinical competencies of interns in the field of orientation and mobility (O&M). Using results from previous research in this area, specific competency skills were identified and the O&M Clinical Competency Evaluation Matrix (CCEM) was developed.…

Renshaw, Rebecca L.

2010-01-01

451

An Automated Competency-based Student Performance Assessment Program for Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiential Programs  

PubMed Central

Objectives To describe the development and preliminary outcomes of the System of Universal Clinical Competency Evaluation in the Sunshine State (SUCCESS) for preceptors to assess students' clinical performance in advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs). Design An Internet-based APPE assessment tool was developed by faculty members from colleges of pharmacy in Florida and implemented. Assessment Numeric scores and grades derived from the SUCCESS algorithm were similar to preceptors' comparison grades. The average SUCCESS GPA was slightly higher compared to preceptors' scores (0.02 grade points). Conclusions The SUCCESS program met its goals, including establishing a common set of forms, standardized assessment criteria, an objective document that is accessible on the Internet, and standardized grading, and reducing pressure on preceptors from students concerning their grades.

Nemire, Ruth; Doty, Randell; Brickler, Mildred P.; Anderson, Holly H.; Frenzel-Shepherd, Elizabeth; Larose-Pierre, Margareth; Dugan, Dee

2007-01-01

452

Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory as a Framework for Intelligent Metacognitive Scaffolding  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a To help learners in acquiring metacognitive skills that are necessary for successfully planning, monitoring, and regulating\\u000a their learning, metacognitive support and scaffolding mechanisms are needed. Competence-based Knowledge Space Theory constitutes\\u000a a theoretical framework mainly used for personalising learning to individual learners’ domain-specific competence. The paper\\u000a outlines how this theoretical framework can be utilized for adaptive metacognitive scaffolding tailored to individual

Christina M. Steiner; Dietrich Albert

453

Using Visual Guidance and Feedback Based on Competence Structures for Personalising E-Learning Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a novel approach is presented how visualisation of knowledge and competence structures can be employed in order to support personalisation in e-learning systems. Information visualisation strategies are used to present ontology-based domain knowledge and related competence structures to the learner. In contrast to adaptive e-learning systems which employ domain and user models for the adaptation and personalisation

Dietrich Albert; Alexander Nussbaumer; Christina Steiner

454

Economic Development Policy: Explaining Policy Preferences among Competing Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on political and bureaucratic factors that retard the reform of U.S. economic development policy. Several models for economic development are examined, as are the policy preferences among them. A typology is presented of different development policies integrating the various political, bureaucratic, and environmental factors. (GLR)

Spindler, Charles J.; Forrester, John P.

1993-01-01

455

Information literacy: instrument development to measure competencies and knowledge among nursing educators, nursing administrators, and nursing clinicians: a pilot study.  

PubMed

This poster describes a pilot study conducted to establish validity and reliability of an instrument that will be used in a nationwide needs assessment, implemented to identify gaps in Information Literacy skills, competencies, and knowledge among key nursing groups nationally. Data and information gathered using the tool will guide the profession in developing appropriate education and continuing education programs to close identified gaps and enhance nurses' readiness for Evidence-Based Practice (EBP). PMID:14728475

Pierce, Susan; Pravikoff, Diane; Tanner, Annelle B

2003-01-01

456

Information Literacy: Instrument Development to Measure Competencies and Knowledge Among Nursing Educators, Nursing Administrators, and Nursing Clinicians: A Pilot Study  

PubMed Central

This poster describes a pilot study conducted to establish validity and reliability of an instrument that will be used in a nationwide needs assessment, implemented to identify gaps in Information Literacy skills, competencies, and knowledge among key nursing groups nationally. Data and information gathered using the tool will guide the profession in developing appropriate education and continuing education programs to close identified gaps and enhance nurses’ readiness for Evidence-Based Practice (EBP).

Pierce, Susan; Pravikoff, Diane; Tanner, Annelle

2003-01-01

457

Developing world class commissioning competencies in care services in England: the role of the service improvement agency.  

PubMed

This article provides an insight into the support needs of health and social care commissioners seeking to develop world class commissioning competencies and the role of service improvement agencies in meeting these needs. Reporting findings from the evaluation of one service improvement agency based in England, we focus on the 'improvement supports' (the products and services) that were delivered by the 'Care Services Improvement Partnership' through its 'Better Commissioning Programme'. In-depth interviews were carried out with 25 care commissioners (n = 25) exploring how the Programme was used in their day to day work, its perceived value and limitations. Given the lack of employer-led training and induction we conclude that service improvement agencies play an important role in developing commissioners' skills and competencies. However, we suggest that achieving world class commissioning may depend on a more fundamental rethink of commissioning organisations' approaches to learning and development. PMID:20039967

Cornes, Michelle; Manthorpe, Jill; Huxley, Peter; Waddington, Paul; Stevens, Martin; Evans, Sherrill

2009-12-20

458

The Development of the Competency Oriented Personalized Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Following more than 2 years of study and research, the faculty of the College of Education developed a plan whereby the student experience is focused on three major elements: a) the Individualized Learning System, b) the Field Experience, and c) the Personal Development Experience. These three elements are integrated to constitute a total…

Wisconsin Univ., Superior. Coll. of Education.

459

Developing and Testing Competency Levels for Laparoscopic Skills Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hypothesis: Expert levels can be developed for use as training end points for a basic video-trainer skills curriculum, and the levels developed will be suitable for training. Design: Fifty subjects with minimal prior simulator ex- posure were enrolled using an institutional review board- approved protocol. As a measure of baseline perfor- mance, medical students (n=11) and surgery residents (n=39) completed

James R. Korndorffer; Daniel J. Scott; Rafael Sierra; William C. Brunner; J. Bruce Dunne; Douglas P. Slakey; Michael C. Townsend; Robert L. Hewitt

2005-01-01

460

Flow-based microfluidic device for quantifying bacterial chemotaxis in stable, competing gradients.  

PubMed

Chemotaxis is the migration of cells in gradients of chemoeffector molecules. Although multiple, competing gradients must often coexist in nature, conventional approaches for investigating bacterial chemotaxis are suboptimal for quantifying migration in response to gradients of multiple signals. In this work, we developed a microfluidic device for generating precise and stable gradients of signaling molecules. We used the device to investigate the effects of individual and combined chemoeffector gradients on Escherichia coli chemotaxis. Laminar flow-based diffusive mixing was used to generate gradients, and the chemotactic responses of cells expressing green fluorescent protein were determined using fluorescence microscopy. Quantification of the migration profiles indicated that E. coli was attracted to the quorum-sensing molecule autoinducer-2 (AI-2) but was repelled from the stationary-phase signal indole. Cells also migrated toward higher concentrations of isatin (indole-2,3-dione), an oxidized derivative of indole. Attraction to AI-2 overcame repulsion by indole in equal, competing gradients. Our data suggest that concentration-dependent interactions between attractant and repellent signals may be important determinants of bacterial colonization of the gut. PMID:19411425

Englert, Derek L; Manson, Michael D; Jayaraman, Arul

2009-05-01

461

Virtual velocity of tracers in a gravel-bed river using size-based competence duration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Virtual velocity (Vi) of river gravels is commonly used to determine sediment transport rates and gravel dispersion dynamics. Virtual velocity is calculated from tracer gravel step-length data as the distance travelled divided by the duration of competence. However, no allowance is usually made for differences in competence duration according to grain size. In this investigation, Vi of gravel tracer clasts for the River Rede, Northumberland, UK, is calculated using a method that takes into consideration an approximation of size-based competence duration. Although scaled transport distance data compared favourably to past studies, it was the comparatively smaller clasts that tended to have lower Vi in comparison to coarser clasts, because of their longer competence duration, contrasting with previously published research. The key findings of the study serve as proof of concept and should be adopted in future studies that focus upon Vi estimation.

Milan, David J.

2013-09-01

462

Competing Contexts for Developing Personal and Social Education in Hong Kong.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the significance of competing contexts (physical, historical, political, cultural, economic, sociological, and legal contexts) in the development of personal and social education in Hong Kong. Compares Western and Chinese (especially Confucian) views and values related to personal and social education and the development of understanding…

Luk, Fong Yuk Yee Pattie

2001-01-01

463

Teach the Children Well: A Holistic Approach to Developing Psychosocial and Behavioral Competencies Through Physical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of a positive youth development perspective is the promotion of healthy physical and psychosocial development in young people. This approach consists of social-contextual features (e.g., teacher behaviors, classroom structure, student activities) that help equip youth with attributes, skills, competencies, and values that will contribute to their role as productive, socially conscious, and healthy citizens. School physical education represents

Maureen R. Weiss

2011-01-01

464

Concepts of Culture and Their Role in the Development of Culturally Competent Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to review different ways that culture has been used in developing the notion of culturally competent mental health services and to provide an enhanced definition of culture through a critical review of these ideas. We discuss different dimensions of culture that emerge as important issues in the development of bilingual\\/bicultural psychiatric programs. We provide

Peter J. Guarnaccia; Orlando Rodriguez

1996-01-01

465

Teach the Children Well: A Holistic Approach to Developing Psychosocial and Behavioral Competencies through Physical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The goal of a positive youth development perspective is the promotion of healthy physical and psychosocial development in young people. This approach consists of social-contextual features (e.g., teacher behaviors, classroom structure, student activities) that help equip youth with attributes, skills, competencies, and values that will contribute…

Weiss, Maureen R.

2011-01-01

466

Development of a Competency Framework for Quality Improvement in Family Medicine: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive framework of quality improvement competencies for use in continuing professional development (CPD) and continuing medical education (CME) for European general practice/family medicine physicians (GPs/FDs). Methods: The study was carried out in three phases: literature review,…

Czabanowska, Katarzyna; Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika; Potter, Amanda; Rochfort, Andree; Tomasik, Tomasz; Csiszar, Judit; Van den Bussche, Piet

2012-01-01

467

Assessing Students' Emotional Competence in Higher Education: Development and Validation of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the development and validation studies of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale (WELS), a self-report measure, for assessing students' social and emotional competence in higher education. Conceptual specifications, item development, psychometric properties, and factor structure of the instrument are reported in the article. The…

Wang, Ning; Young, Thomas; Wilhite, Stephen C.; Marczyk, Geoffrey

2011-01-01

468

Developing Critical Cultural Competence: A Guide for 21st-Century Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasingly diverse nature of today's schools and the need to increase the achievement of all students, no matter their background, requires 21st-century teachers to develop critical cultural competence. Looking at data is not enough. We have to know who our students are! This book shows you how to provide professional development that…

Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye; Levin, Barbara B.

2011-01-01

469

Developing Critical Cultural Competence: A Guide for 21st-Century Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The increasingly diverse nature of today's schools and the need to increase the achievement of all students, no matter their background, requires 21st-century teachers to develop critical cultural competence. Looking at data is not enough. We have to know who our students are! This book shows you how to provide professional development that…

Cooper, Jewell E.; He, Ye; Levin, Barbara B.

2011-01-01

470

Development of a Competency Framework for Quality Improvement in Family Medicine: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The aim of this study was to develop a comprehensive framework of quality improvement competencies for use in continuing professional development (CPD) and continuing medical education (CME) for European general practice/family medicine physicians (GPs/FDs). Methods: The study was carried out in three phases: literature review,…

Czabanowska, Katarzyna; Klemenc-Ketis, Zalika; Potter, Amanda; Rochfort, Andree; Tomasik, Tomasz; Csiszar, Judit; Van den Bussche, Piet

2012-01-01

471

Assessing the Development of Cross-Cultural Competence in Soldiers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The contemporary operational environment is often characterized by ambiguous, multi-cultural contexts, where Army Soldiers must rapidly adapt without extensive prior knowledge of a region or its people. Ongoing training development efforts are addressing ...

A. Grandjean K. Ross K. J. Behymer M. J. McClosky

2010-01-01

472

Using cloud-based mobile technology for assessment of competencies among medical students.  

PubMed

Valid, direct observation of medical student competency in clinical settings remains challenging and limits the opportunity to promote performance-based student advancement. The rationale for direct observation is to ascertain that students have acquired the core clinical competencies needed to care for patients. Too often student observation results in highly variable evaluations which are skewed by factors other than the student's actual performance. Among the barriers to effective direct observation and assessment include the lack of effective tools and strategies for assuring that transparent standards are used for judging clinical competency in authentic clinical settings. We developed a web-based content management system under the name, Just in Time Medicine (JIT), to address many of these issues. The goals of JIT were fourfold: First, to create a self-service interface allowing faculty with average computing skills to author customizable content and criterion-based assessment tools displayable on internet enabled devices, including mobile devices; second, to create an assessment and feedback tool capable of capturing learner progress related to hundreds of clinical skills; third, to enable easy access and utilization of these tools by faculty for learner assessment in authentic clinical settings as a means of just in time faculty development; fourth, to create a permanent record of the trainees' observed skills useful for both learner and program evaluation. From July 2010 through October 2012, we implemented a JIT enabled clinical evaluation exercise (CEX) among 367 third year internal medicine students. Observers (attending physicians and residents) performed CEX assessments using JIT to guide and document their observations, record their time observing and providing feedback to the students, and their overall satisfaction. Inter-rater reliability and validity were assessed with 17 observers who viewed six videotaped student-patient encounters and by measuring the correlation between student CEX scores and their scores on subsequent standardized-patient OSCE exams. A total of 3567 CEXs were completed by 516 observers. The average number of evaluations per student was 9.7 (±1.8 SD) and the average number of CEXs completed per observer was 6.9 (±15.8 SD). Observers spent less than 10 min on 43-50% of the CEXs and 68.6% on feedback sessions. A majority of observers (92%) reported satisfaction with the CEX. Inter-rater reliability was measured at 0.69 among all observers viewing the videotapes and these ratings adequately discriminated competent from non-competent performance. The measured CEX grades correlated with subsequent student performance on an end-of-year OSCE. We conclude that the use of JIT is feasible in capturing discrete clinical performance data with a high degree of user satisfaction. Our embedded checklists had adequate inter-rater reliability and concurrent and predictive validity. PMID:24109549

Ferenchick, Gary S; Solomon, David

2013-09-17

473

Using cloud-based mobile technology for assessment of competencies among medical students  

PubMed Central

Valid, direct observation of medical student competency in clinical settings remains challenging and limits the opportunity to promote performance-based student advancement. The rationale for direct observation is to ascertain that students have acquired the core clinical competencies needed to care for patients. Too often student observation results in highly variable evaluations which are skewed by factors other than the student’s actual performance. Among the barriers to effective direct observation and assessment include the lack of effective tools and strategies for assuring that transparent standards are used for judging clinical competency in authentic clinical settings. We developed a web-based content management system under the name, Just in Time Medicine (JIT), to address many of these issues. The goals of JIT were fourfold: First, to create a self-service interface allowing faculty with average computing skills to author customizable content and criterion-based assessment tools displayable on internet enabled devices, including mobile devices; second, to create an assessment and feedback tool capable of capturing learner progress related to hundreds of clinical skills; third, to enable easy access and utilization of these tools by faculty for learner assessment in authentic clinical settings as a means of just in time faculty development; fourth, to create a permanent record of the trainees’ observed skills useful for both learner and program evaluation. From July 2010 through October 2012, we implemented a JIT enabled clinical evaluation exercise (CEX) among 367 third year internal medicine students. Observers (attending physicians and residents) performed CEX assessments using JIT to guide and document their observations, record their time observing and providing feedback to the students, and their overall satisfaction. Inter-rater reliability and validity were assessed with 17 observers who viewed six videotaped student-patient encounters and by measuring the correlation between student CEX scores and their scores on subsequent standardized-patient OSCE exams. A total of 3567 CEXs were completed by 516 observers. The average number of evaluations per student was 9.7 (±1.8 SD) and the average number of CEXs completed per observer was 6.9 (±15.8 SD). Observers spent less than 10 min on 43–50% of the CEXs and 68.6% on feedback sessions. A majority of observers (92%) reported satisfaction with the CEX. Inter-rater reliability was measured at 0.69 among all observers viewing the videotapes and these ratings adequately discriminated competent from non-competent performance. The measured CEX grades correlated with subsequent student performance on an end-of-year OSCE. We conclude that the use of JIT is feasible in capturing discrete clinical performance data with a high degree of user satisfaction. Our embedded checklists had adequate inter-rater reliability and concurrent and predictive validity.

Solomon, David

2013-01-01

474

Integrative Medicine in Residency Education: Developing Competency Through Online Curriculum Training  

PubMed Central

Introduction The Integrative Medicine in Residency (IMR) program, a 200-hour Internet-based, collaborative educational initiative was implemented in 8 family medicine residency programs and has shown a potential to serve as a national model for incorporating training in integrative/complementary/alternative medicine in graduate medical education. Intervention The curriculum content was designed based on a needs assessment and a set of competencies for graduate medical education developed following the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education outcome project guidelines. The content was delivered through distributed online learning and included onsite activities. A modular format allowed for a flexible implementation in different residency settings. Evaluation To assess the feasibility of implementing the curriculum, a multimodal evaluation was utilized, including: (1) residents' evaluation of the curriculum; (2) residents' competencies evaluation through medical knowledge testing, self-assessment, direct observations, and reflections; and (3) residents' wellness and well-being through behavioral assessments. Results The class of 2011 (n??=??61) had a high rate of curriculum completion in the first and second year (98.7% and 84.2%) and course evaluations on meeting objectives, clinical utility, and functioning of the technology were highly rated. There was a statistically significant improvement in medical knowledge test scores for questions aligned with content for both the PGY-1 and PGY-2 courses. Conclusions The IMR program is an advance in the national effort to make training in integrative medicine available to physicians on a broad scale and is a success in terms of online education. Evaluation suggests that this program is feasible for implementation and acceptable to residents despite the many pressures of residency.

Lebensohn, Patricia; Kligler, Benjamin; Dodds, Sally; Schneider, Craig; Sroka, Selma; Benn, Rita; Cook, Paula; Guerrera, Mary; Dog, Tieraona Low; Sierpina, Victor; Teets, Raymond; Waxman, Dael; Woytowicz, John; Weil, Andrew; Maizes, Victoria

2012-01-01

475

Guide to Competency-Based Education for Business and Office Occupations. A Catalog of Bookkeeping/Accounting, Clerical/Secretarial, and Data Processing Skills Which Your Students Need to Get a Job and to Keep It.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide was developed to help administrators develop a competency-based postsecondary curriculum to prepare students for employment in business and office occupations. The content is in five sections. The first one introduces the concepts and techniques of competency-based education and includes some sample forms, such as student…

New Mexico State Dept. of Education; Santa Fe. Div. of Vocational Education.

476

Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

Kretschmann, Rolf

2010-01-01

477

Developing competencies by playing digital sports-games  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly implemented in educational settings by

Rolf Kretschmann

2010-01-01

478

How to Help Senior Chemical Engineering Students Enhance and Develop Their Leadership Competence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemical engineering students at the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) have the opportunity to enhance and develop their leadership competence by taking on a team leadership role in a first-year integrated design project. All fourth-year students enrolled for the Project Management in Practice (PMP) course go through a comprehensive team leader selection process. This selection process involves doing three psychometric tests (Belbin, Myers-Briggs, and Leadership Styles) and a competency-based interview with all the PMPs instructors. Finally, a group of about a dozen students are chosen to lead teams formed of first-year students and to manage the design project in which all first-year courses actively participate (hence the adjective of integrated). First-year team member selection is done by team leaders who develop their own selection criteria and take into account first-year students Belbin roles. The PMP course, like the first-year integrated design project, lasts two consecutive 15-week periods with 4 class hours per week. One hour is reserved for the individual coaching process between a PMP instructor and his/her assigned team leaders. Two more hours are devoted to teaching leadership, project management, and facilitation concepts, techniques, and tools. The remaining class hour is devoted to the weekly formal meeting of leaders with the first-year project team. Hence, there is also a vertical integration between the PMP course and the first-year integrated design project. The assessment of the team leaders leadership competence is carried out at the individual and team levels. At the individual level, the following processes are in place: (a) a 360-degree feedback process, (b) project management reports (a team charter and a final report per period), oral presentations (one presentation per period), (c) learning journals, (d) behavioral event interviews, and (e) focus groups with team members. Team effectiveness is measured by: (a) a team climate survey, (b) the evaluation of project products (a design report and a poster or an oral presentation followed by a defense), and (c) focus groups with first-year instructors.

Alabart, Joan; Medir, Magda; Ozgen, Sibel; Witt, Hans-Joerg

2011-08-31

479

Autonomy, competence, and social relatedness in task interest within project-based education.  

PubMed

To prepare students for instructive collaboration, it is necessary to have insight into students' psychological needs and interest development. The framework of self-determination theory was used to conduct a field experiment involving 114 students in vocational education. These students followed a practical business course which required they work in small learning groups. During the course, students were asked to complete the Quality of Working in Groups Instrument, an online measure of how strong autonomy, competence, social relatedness, and task interest are fulfilled. SEM showed that students' psychological needs were jointly and uniquely related to task interest over time. The significance of this on-line test for the assessment of interest within project-based education is discussed. PMID:18175501

Minnaert, Alexander; Boekaerts, Monique; de Brabander, Cornelis

2007-10-01

480

Action Learning: Developing Critical Competencies for Knowledge Era Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most of the twentieth century, the goal in education was the generation and dissemination of information. With the rise of technology and unlimited access to information, it is the ability to apply knowledge and learn from experience that is the new priority for employee development. Action learning, with its emphasis on action and reflection,…

Robinson, Greg

2005-01-01

481

From Competence to Excellence: Developing Excellence in Vocational Skills.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Kingdom's Learning and Skills Development Agency (LSDA), UK SKILLS, and the Further Education Skills Competition Council conducted a collaborative action research project to improve students' vocational learning and skills through enhanced learning experiences. From February 2001 to April 2002, three further education colleges worked to…

Smeaton, Barry; Hughes, Maria; Hall, Graeme

482

Promoting social competence development to reduce children's social aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

The roles of schools are more and more diverse, schools is no longer just an institution with instructive objectives, but an essential environment for socialization and acculturation. Of course, the instructive function of school is still important, but, at the same time, the school has the role to regulate the social behaviours, by educating the emotional responses and developing students’

Ioana Darjan; Anca Lustrea

2010-01-01

483

Developing Social Competence in Children. Choices Briefs, Number 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief presents an overview of effective strategies for developing prosocial attitudes and behaviors in elementary school children. The description of approaches and activities can help educators integrate an antiviolence education program into their schools and classrooms, select a program to implement from many models in use around the…

Schwartz, Wendy

484

Development of English Academic Writing Competence by Turkish Scholars  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how a group of 13 Turkish scholars from the humanities faculty of a prominent Turkish university perceive the development of their discipline-specific second lan- guage writing skills. Personal interviews were used to elicit data and excerpts from the interviews have been recorded in this paper. The acquisition strategies identified in the data reveal that the acquisition of

Louisa Buckingham

485

Human Resource Development Roles and Competencies in Five European Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Comparison of trainer surveys in England (n=228), Italy (n=105), the Netherlands (n=297), Germany (n=190), and Finland (n=699) showed the culture-bound nature of human-resource development (HRD). English and Finnish practitioners perceived themselves as change agents, Germans as trainers. HRD practice did appear to have a common core of…

Valkeavaara, Tuija

1998-01-01

486

Competency development in antibody production in cancer cell biology  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The main objective of this project was to develop a rapid recombinant antibody production technology. To achieve the objective, the authors employed (1) production of recombinant antigens that are important for cell cycle regulation and DNA repair, (2) immunization and specific selection of antibody-producing lymphocytes using the flow cytometry and magnetic bead capturing procedure, (3) construction of single chain antibody library, (4) development of recombinant vectors that target, express, and regulate the expression of intracellular antibodies, and (5) specific inhibition of tumor cell growth in tissue culture. The authors have accomplished (1) optimization of a selection procedure to isolate antigen-specific lymphocytes, (2) optimization of the construction of a single-chain antibody library, and (3) development of a new antibody expression vector for intracellular immunization. The future direction of this research is to continue to test the potential use of the intracellular immunization procedure as a tool to study functions of biological molecules and as an immuno-cancer therapy procedure to inhibit the growth of cancer cells.

Park, M.S.

1998-12-01

487

A Mentor's Aid in Developing the Competences of Teacher Trainees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The induction period is a very important time in the career of a teacher and has a long-term influence on the teacher's professional development, efficacy, job satisfaction and the length of his/her career. One of the key roles in this period is played by the trainee's mentor. This paper presents the results of the extensive project "Partnership…

Valencic, Milena; Vogrinc, Janez

2007-01-01

488

Action learning: developing critical competencies for knowledge era workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

For most of the twentieth century, the goal in education was the generation and dissemination of information. With the rise of technology and unlimited access to information, it is the ability to apply knowledge and learn from experience that is the new priority for employee development. Action learning, with its emphasis on action and reflection, provides an effective means to

Greg Robinson

2005-01-01

489

Developing Leaders: The Role of Competencies in Rural Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Pending retirements underscore the need to develop community college campus leaders. Rural community colleges will be particularly hard-hit by changes in leadership as they represent the majority of 2-year colleges and face unique challenges given their location. To help address the anticipated leadership transition, the American Association of…

Eddy, Pamela L.

2013-01-01

490

DEVELOPING PROJECT COMPETENCE: EMPIRICAL REGULARITIES IN COMPETITIVE PROJECT OPERATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Projects play key roles in many modern industries and firms. The management of these economic systems, project management, is continuously developed and considered to be at the core of competitive advantage. Traditional research on project management has, however, paid scant attention to the capabilities needed for firms that depend on projects in their business operations. Furthermore, traditional work on the

JONAS SÖDERLUND

2005-01-01

491

Toward an Integrated Competence-Based System Supporting Lifelong Learning and Employability: Concepts, Model, and Challenges  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Efficient and effective lifelong learning requires that people can make informed decisions about their continuous personal development in the different stages of their life. In this paper we state that lifelong learners need to be characterized as decision-makers. In order to improve the quality of their decisions, we propose the development of an integrated lifelong learning and employment support system, which traces learners’ competence development and provides a decision support environment. An abstract conceptual model has been developed and the main design ideas have been documented using Z notation. Moreover, we analyzed the main technical challenges for the realization of the target system: competence information fusion, decision analysis models, spatial indexing structures and browsing structures and visualization of competence-related information objects.

Miao, Yongwu; van der Klink, Marcel; Boon, Jo; Sloep, Peter; Koper, Rob

492

Teaching and assessing clinical skills: a competency-based programme in China.  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to develop a competency-based clinical skills teaching and assessment programme in China utilizing modern teaching techniques. Medical teachers from three schools agreed on items for inclusion in the complete physical examination of an asymptomatic adult, an outline for an adult and paediatric history, and important interviewing skills. Lesson plans, performance checklists, and written and videotape training materials were developed. Standardized patients were trained at one school to assist with the teaching at that school and with the assessment at all three schools. A national, a provincial, and a local medical school in China were used. Before beginning the new curriculum for students in their first year of clinical training, baseline data were collected on skills of students at various levels of training in the previous curriculum at all three schools. Although in the previous curriculum there was some improvement in clinical skills among advanced compared to more junior students, performance was lower than expected by staff. One year after implementation of the new curriculum, students were evaluated. These students significantly outperformed their counterparts as well as the more senior level students tested the previous year. This project has established a competency-based teaching and assessment programme in China that allows for rapid improvement in the clinical skills of students. Within a short time, a sophisticated group of medical educators has been formed, who now function as consultants to other educators in their own country. Many aspects of this programme are being adapted throughout China and are applicable to medical schools throughout the world. PMID:9231122

Stillman, P L; Wang, Y; Ouyang, Q; Zhang, S; Yang, Y; Sawyer, W D

1997-01-01

493

Obsessional phenomena and the development of imaginative competence.  

PubMed

Obsessional phenomena are discussed in the light of anxieties arising around the ages 8-12. Three cases of the disappearance of obsessional symptoms are then described. In one remarkable sequence of dreams preceded recovery; in another it was the establishment of a secure therapeutic bond; in the third it was falling in love. The capacity securely to differentiate between fantasy and reality is seen as an essential development element in the recovery from obsessionality. PMID:7104245

Holmes, J

1982-06-01

494

Building Competency-Based Pathways: Successes and Challenges from Leaders in the Field. A Forum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This forum provided an overview of competency-based pathways to education and described programs that have successfully utilized these pathways to move all students to success in high school and beyond. Speakers highlighted how innovative learning environments that base student advancement upon mastery of measurable learning objectives have been…

American Youth Policy Forum, 2011

2011-01-01

495

A Study of Minimum Competency Testing Programs. Final Program Development Resource Document.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This resource document represents the integration of both practice and theory related to minimum competency testing (MCT), and is largely based on information collected in a nationwide survey of MCT programs. Chapter 1, To Implement or Not to Implement MCT, by Marcy R. Perkins, presents a definition of MCT and a discussion of the perceived…

Gorth, William Phillip; Perkins, Marcy R.

496

The development of entrepreneurial competences: entrepreneurship education in Italian universities and firms' organizational models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The aim of the paper is to provide a preliminary analysis of entrepreneurship courses and curricula in Italian universities and to compare them with the demand for entrepreneurial and managerial competences in Italian firms. The analysis is based on a census of entrepreneurship courses and curricula presently run by Italian universities. Entrepreneurship education in Italian universities is in its

Sabrina Dubbinia; Donato Iacobucci

497

Developing Social and Personal Competence in the First Year of College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The available research on first-year college outcomes remains highly segmented (Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005) and surprisingly incomplete (Upcraft et al., 2005), particularly as it relates to psychosocial outcomes like social and personal competence. This study, based on data from nearly 6,700 students and 5,000 faculty members on 30 campuses…

Reason, Robert Dean; Terenzini, Patrick T.; Domingo, Robert J.

2007-01-01

498

Multimedia Applications and Development: Essential Competencies for Librarians  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Department of Library and Information Science, University of Pune, Maharashtra, India, has designed a special elective course entitled "Multimedia Applications and Development" in its two-year integrated Masters Degree program of Library and Information Science. During the course, various open source tools for creating multimedia content were taught. This paper discusses eight different information products which were created by students of the department from 2007-2009. Each project was designed for special users with their specific needs. Students gained much confidence in handling various media. They got an opportunity to interact with experts in the fields of communication and mass media. Library Science professionals can take advantage of open source multimedia tools as well to create or repackage content according to users' needs. The paper concludes with feedback about the course from students and teachers.

Nagarkar, S.

2010-10-01

499

APN Core Competencies: A Framework for Developing and Testing an APN Discharge Intervention  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this paper is to describe evidenced-based interventions as implemented by Advanced Practice Nurses (APN) conducting intervention research with a vulnerable population of blood and marrow transplant patients. In addition, each of the six core competencies of the APN role identified by Hamric are outlined and applied using a patient case study. These competencies are the following: direct clinical practice, expert coaching and advice, consultation, research skills, clinical and professional leadership, collaboration, and ethical decision-making.1 This article chronicles a typical patient's journey through a post hospital discharge nursing research study involving APNs as “intervention nurses” and discusses the various aspects of the APN core competencies throughout the process.

Cooke, Liz; Gemmill, Robin; Grant, Marcia

2011-01-01

500

Competence and psychopathology: cascade effects in the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development.  

PubMed

Existing longitudinal research on the interplay between externalizing problems, internalizing problems, and academic and social competence has documented "cascading" effects from early aggressive/disruptive behavior through impairments in competence, leading to symptoms of depression and anxiety. The primary aim of the current study was to replicate such work using the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development while also extending the developmental window of investigation of cascades back into early childhood. Participating families (N = 1,160) completed questionnaire measures of externalizing, internalizing, and social competence (maternal report), as well as individual assessment of academic achievement, spanning five time points from age 54 months through age 15 years. A series of nested structural equation models tested predicted links across various domains of competence and psychopathology. Results were consistent with prior research, demonstrating cross-domain effects from early externalizing problems through effects on both academic and social competence into later internalizing problems. Effects held across gender and were largely unaffected by inclusion of socioeconomic status, early caregiving, and early cognitive ability as covariates in the model. PMID:20576178

Burt, Keith B; Roisman, Glenn I

2010-08-01