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1

School Psychology Program School Based Practicum Competency Development Plan  

E-print Network

1 School Psychology Program School Based Practicum Competency Development Plan Practicum Contract ___________________________________________________________________ Competencies Plan of Practicum Activities Competency 1.1 Formulates and conducts psychological assessments, administrators, parents, and other stakeholders in defining educational, social and emotional problems and needs

Garfunkel, Eric

2

Competency-Based Education Development Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of the project at Western Kentucky University were a) to serve as a data-collection agency for the National Project, b) to assist the Teacher Corps faculty in developing competency-based instruction, and c) to monitor the effectiveness of the competency-based instruction provided by the teacher education faculty. Three indicators to…

Estes, Kenneth A.

3

Developing a Competency-based Fundamentals of Management Communication Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes steps the authors went through to develop an innovative course in fundamentals of management communication that derives from competency-based instruction. Describes how they reviewed administrative and course parameters; identified instructional modules and generated competencies for each one; and created objectives, achievement levels,…

Murranka, Patricia A.; Lynch, David

1999-01-01

4

Defining and Assessing Competencies for Competency-Based, Outcome-Focused Management Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that competency-based management development programs should shift emphasis from theories and skills to decisions managers must make. Presents a model for defining types of management decisions regarding nontechnical issues. (Contains 16 references.) (SK)

Rausch, Erwin; Sherman, Herbert; Washbush, John B.

2002-01-01

5

SCID: A Competency-Based Curriculum Development Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To provide structure for developing curriculum for Competency Based Education (CBE), an effective and efficient model, Systematic Curriculum and Instructional Development (SCID), has been devised. SCID has five phases: analysis, design, development, implementation, and evaluation. Each of 23 components involves several steps, some optional. Phase…

Norton, Robert E.

6

Mass Screening: An Aid to Competency Based Program Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescent suicide is the second leading cause of death in the adolescent population and is on the rise. This study used a mass screening concept as a pre-test identifier of at risk clients for suicide ideation and depressions; development of a competency-based prevention group treatment program, and the post-testing of the identified at-risk…

Siehl, Peterann M.; Studer, Jeannine

7

Principles for Developing Competency-Based Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2013 US college/university policy agenda, "Making College Affordable: A Better Agenda for the Middle Class," highlighted the role of developing technologies, institutional curriculum-design processes, and new delivery methods as keys to providing quality, affordable postsecondary education. Competency-based education (CBE) is given…

Johnstone, Sally M.; Soares, Louis

2014-01-01

8

Defining and assessing competencies for competency-based, outcome-focused management development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that competency-based, outcome-focused management development and education programs might benefit from redirecting the non-technical subjects away from emphasis on theories and skills, to emphasis on the decisions which managers have to make. To do this effectively, there is a need for defining the types of decisions, for organizing the knowledge and skills for making these decisions, and

Erwin Rausch; Herbert Sherman; John B. Washbush

2002-01-01

9

Developing a Competence-Based Teacher Education Programme in Swaziland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational educators in Swaziland identified professional competencies in focus group workshops. These competencies and additional ones identified in a literature review were refined into 11 competence areas needed by teachers of practical studies (agriculture, commercial, home economics, and technical). (SK)

Mndebele, Comfort B. S.

1997-01-01

10

Behavioral competence as a positive youth development construct: conceptual bases and implications for curriculum development.  

PubMed

Behavioral competence refers to the ability to use non-verbal and verbal strategies to perform socially acceptable and normative behavior in social interactions. The main objective is to teach our children to be courteous, graceful, and fair so that they behave with respect and responsibility in social interactions with others. The importance of behavioral competence is discussed and it is emphasized that the competence to behave or act effectively must be based on a positive or prosocial motivation or disposition. The behavioral program units cover the following three types of behaviors: applause, criticism, and apology. The general goal is to foster the development of socially acceptable character, manner, and normative behavior. This paper is part of the development of the positive youth development program in Hong Kong. PMID:17068920

Ma, Hing Keung

2006-01-01

11

Towards agile competence development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses our approach to competence development where learners can have on-demand access to competences by taking part in a currency-free competence exchange scheme. The main idea covered in this paper is to integrate lightweight competence management features within a collaborative social media platform. Our focus was to keep the entry barrier to using the system as low as

Freddy Limpens; Denis Gillet

2012-01-01

12

Developing criterion-based competencies for tele-intensive care unit.  

PubMed

Over the last 5 years, telemedicine has developed nursing roles that differ from traditional bedside care. In the midst of this transition, current competency development models focused on task completion may not be the most effective form of proficiency validation. The procedure of competency creation for the role of tele-intensive care unit registered nurse requires a thoughtful process using stakeholders from institutional leadership to frontline staff. The process must include stakeholder approval to ensure appropriate buy-in and follow-through on the agreed-upon criteria. This can be achieved using a standardized method of concept stimulation related to the behaviors, not a memorized list of tasks, expected of a telemedicine registered nurse. This process serves as the foundation for the development of criterion-based competency statements that then allows for clearer expectations. Continually reviewing the written competencies, ensuring current applicability, and revising as needed are necessities for maintaining competence and, therefore, patient safety. PMID:24704734

Schleifer, Sarah Joy; Carroll, Karen; Moseley, Marthe J

2014-01-01

13

Developing Research Competence to Support Evidence-Based Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes one step in the process that was undertaken to prepare for the introduction of evidence-based practice (EBP) into the curriculum across the Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Master of Science in Nursing, and Doctor of Philosophy pro- grams, as well as the programs that were under development, Clinical Nurse Leader and Doctor of Nursing Practice, at the

Lora E. Burke; Elizabeth A. Schlenk; Susan M. Sereika; Susan M. Cohen; Mary Beth Happ; Janice S. Dorman

2005-01-01

14

Competence based management development provision to SMEs and the providers’ perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been recognised that management training and development in SMEs is a relatively poorly researched area and that the influencing factors for SMEs are not well understood. This paper outlines a regional study of the interest in competence based management development amongst SMEs. This is compared with a study of the providers’ approach to management development provision for the

Alison Smith; John Whittaker; John Loan Clark; Graham Boocock

1999-01-01

15

Developer, Teacher, Student and Employer Evaluations of Competence-Based Assessment Quality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines how different stakeholders experience the quality of a nationally developed assessment framework for summative, competence-based assessment (CBA) in AVET, which aims to reflect theoretical characteristics of high quality CBAs. The quality of two summative CBAs, based on this national framework, is evaluated along an extensive,…

Gulikers, J.; Biemans, H.; Mulder, M.

2009-01-01

16

Introducing competence-based management development: a case study of a university-hospital partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The British National Health Service (NHS) has experienced a number of changes in management over the last 20 years resulting in management development becoming a greater priority. Consequently, hospitals and other NHS organisations have rapidly introduced competence-based management development programmes for their staff. This paper reports in depth on a case study of a partnership between a hospital trust and

Paul Smith

2000-01-01

17

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in cooperation with area vocational-technical schools, the first year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. Existing programs were reviewed and private sector input was sought in developing the curriculum and identifying…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

18

Development of Articulated Competency-Based Curriculum in Laser/Electro-Optics Technology. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The project described in this report was conducted at the Community College of Luzerne County (Pennsylvania) to develop, in conjunction with area vocational-technical schools, the second year of a competency-based curriculum in laser/electro-optics technology. During the project, a task force of teachers from the area schools and the college…

Luzerne County Community Coll., Nanticoke, PA.

19

Identification and Development of Competency-Based Curriculum for Water and Wastewater Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was undertaken at Kirkwood Community College to develop a full-time and part-time competency based program to educate water and wastewater treatment plant operators. First, a survey was conducted to identify the job tasks performed by the operators, their frequency, importance, and necessity. A questionnaire listing 651 tasks divided…

Kirkwood Community Coll., Cedar Rapids, IA.

20

A Mixed Project-Based Learning Framework: Preparing and Developing Student Competencies in a French "Grande Ecole"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Emerging engineers need to rely on a whole body of scientific and technical knowledge, but also on a wide set of competencies. For engineering schools a competency objectives approach requires specific pedagogical methods. Some competencies based on skills and attitudes are difficult to develop through traditional teaching, so in 2003 our…

Rouvrais, S.; Ormrod, J.; Landrac, G.; Mallet, J.; Gilliot, J. -M.; Thepaut, A.; Tremenbert, P.

2006-01-01

21

Organisational Learning and Competence Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Builds a model of competence development based on organizational learning theory. Proposes a typology of competence: a single technology and a few people, interwoven technologies in a larger unit, and complex systems connecting many people and units. Adapts a Johari window model for understanding organizational learning. (Contains 44 references.)…

Drejer, Anders

2000-01-01

22

Developing Culturally Competent Organizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special issue examines multicultural aspects of services provided by agencies concerned with children's mental health. The lead article is titled "Developing Culturally Competent Organizations" by James L. Mason. This article uses the cultural competence model to discuss an organization's self-evaluation and its planning in the areas of…

Focal Point, 1994

1994-01-01

23

A Competency Based Certification System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Carroll County Competency Based Teacher Certification (CBTC) Project is a cooperative effort of the Carroll County School System and the School of Education, West Georgia College, intended to develop a plan for identifying and measuring teacher competency areas and related teacher behaviors, and the extent to which these teacher behaviors…

Coker, Homer; Coker, Joan G.

24

Challenges in Developing Competency-based Training Curriculum for Food Safety Regulators in India  

PubMed Central

Context: The Food Safety and Standards Act have redefined the roles and responsibilities of food regulatory workforce and calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Aims: 1) Identify the competencies needed among the food regulatory workforce in India. 2) Develop a competency-based training curriculum for food safety regulators in the country. 3) Develop training materials for use to train the food regulatory workforce. Settings and Design: The Indian Institute of Public Health, Hyderabad, led the development of training curriculum on food safety with technical assistance from the Royal Society for Public Health, UK and the National Institute of Nutrition, India. The exercise was to facilitate the implementation of new Act by undertaking capacity building through a comprehensive training program. Materials and Methods: A competency-based training needs assessment was conducted before undertaking the development of the training materials. Results: The training program for Food Safety Officers was designed to comprise of five modules to include: Food science and technology, Food safety management systems, Food safety legislation, Enforcement of food safety regulations, and Administrative functions. Each module has a facilitator guide for the tutor and a handbook for the participant. Essentials of Food Hygiene-I (Basic level), II and III (Retail/ Catering/ Manufacturing) were primarily designed for training of food handlers and are part of essential reading for food safety regulators. Conclusion: The Food Safety and Standards Act calls for highly skilled human resources as it involves complex management procedures. Despite having developed a comprehensive competency-based training curriculum by joint efforts by the local, national, and international agencies, implementation remains a challenge in resource-limited setting. PMID:25136155

Thippaiah, Anitha; Allagh, Komal Preet; Murthy, G. V.

2014-01-01

25

Development and validation of the ACE tool: assessing medical trainees' competency in evidence based medicine  

PubMed Central

Background While a variety of instruments have been developed to assess knowledge and skills in evidence based medicine (EBM), few assess all aspects of EBM - including knowledge, skills attitudes and behaviour - or have been psychometrically evaluated. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an instrument that evaluates medical trainees’ competency in EBM across knowledge, skills and attitude. Methods The ‘Assessing Competency in EBM’ (ACE) tool was developed by the authors, with content and face validity assessed by expert opinion. A cross-sectional sample of 342 medical trainees representing ‘novice’, ‘intermediate’ and ‘advanced’ EBM trainees were recruited to complete the ACE tool. Construct validity, item difficulty, internal reliability and item discrimination were analysed. Results We recruited 98 EBM-novice, 108 EBM-intermediate and 136 EBM-advanced participants. A statistically significant difference in the total ACE score was observed and corresponded to the level of training: on a 0-15-point test, the mean ACE scores were 8.6 for EBM-novice; 9.5 for EBM-intermediate; and 10.4 for EBM-advanced (p?competency in EBM. The ACE tool provides a novel assessment that measures user performance across the four main steps of EBM. To provide a complete suite of instruments to assess EBM competency across various patient scenarios, future refinement of the ACE instrument should include further scenarios across harm, diagnosis and prognosis. PMID:24909434

2014-01-01

26

Development and validation of a customized competency-based questionnaire : Linking social, emotional, and cognitive competencies to business unit profitability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report data empirically linking competencies of individual leaders to business profitability and demonstrate that competencies are cross-culturally valid. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Participants in the initial competency study were 15 business unit managers identified as high performing. Data were collected using Critical Incident Interviews that were systematically coded using thematic analysis to identify

Geoff Ryan; Lyle M. Spencer; Urs Bernhard

2012-01-01

27

History and testimony of competency-based development at Sandia National Laboratories.  

SciTech Connect

More than ten years ago, Sandia managers defined a set of traits and characteristics that were needed for success at Sandia. Today, the Sandia National Laboratories Success Profile Competencies continue to be powerful tools for employee and leadership development. The purpose of this report is to revisit the historical events that led to the creation and adaptation of the competencies and to position them for integration in future employee selection, development, and succession planning processes. This report contains an account of how the competencies were developed, testimonies of how they are used within the organization, and a description of how they will be foundational elements of new processes.

Burt, Rebecca A.; Narahara, Sheryl K.

2004-04-01

28

Competency-Based Horticulture. Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of two competency-based horticulture curriculum guides developed by an Illinois project, this Floriculture guide provides the classroom teacher with specific tasks determined by state industry personnel to be necessary for entry-level job placement. It is intended for horticulture education at the senior high school and two year college level.…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

29

Competency Based Education: A Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography is a sampling of the types of publications which have appeared recently on the subject of competency based education. Emphasis is given to current (1970-76) materials and to adult career-related competencies. Titles specifically naming some phase of competency-based education are preferred above titles that emphasize performance,…

Cox, Helen, Ed.

30

Developing Professionally Competent Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An agricultural teacher educator states that one of the most important tasks facing agricultural educators is the determination and refinement of the competencies required of teachers. Also necessary is the determination of how these competencies are best acquired and evaluated to assure high quality standards. (JH)

Tulloch, Rodney W.

1978-01-01

31

Developing Competence at Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we explore the relationship between differing conceptualisations of competence, and the implications of these differences for the enacted workplace curriculum and its pedagogical epistemologies. We argue that when competence is understood as a set of stand-alone attributes that reside within an individual, it limits and over…

Bound, Helen; Lin, Magdalene

2013-01-01

32

Competence Based Management Development Provision to SMEs and the Providers' Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A British study of 29 providers of competency-based management training to small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and a survey of 591 SMEs revealed that the value of National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) was unclear to both groups. Providers felt NVQs lacked relevance to SMEs and were time consuming. Some SMEs participated only because…

Smith, Alison; Whittaker, John; Clark, John Loan; Boocock, Graham

1999-01-01

33

Perspectives on Competency-Based Professional Development in the USA and Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph describes and analyzes the implementation and impact of performance (competency)-based teacher education (P/CBTE) in both the United States and Australia. The monograph consists of a series of nine papers dealing with the significance of the implementation of P/CBTE, what the movement is and how this type of education works, an…

Harris, Roger McL.

34

Development of Competency-Based Web Learning Material and Effect Evaluation of Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes on Learning Achievements  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to develop and evaluate competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) for the college practicum Microprocessor Laboratory. After using the CBWLM for 8 weeks, this study investigates CBWL's learning effects and self-directed learning aptitudes (SDLAs) as well as exploring the influence of SDLA on learning effects based on the…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2006-01-01

35

A Review of the Child Development Associate Training Projects; National and Texas and Competency-Based Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the historical and theoretical background of the Child Development Project (CDA), started by the Office of Child Development because of an increased demand for quality day care. Competency-based teacher training requires a set of performance goals that includes a list of demonstrated behaviors, skills or knowledge which the…

Cook, Nancy

36

Continuing Professional Development Needs of Teachers in Schools for Competence-Based Vocational Education: A Case Study from The Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to help schools for vocational education determine teachers' continuing professional development needs associated with implementing competence-based education programs, so that these schools can develop better attuned HR policies. It investigates which elements from the cognitive apprenticeship model and…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.

2010-01-01

37

A Competency-Based System for Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet of competency-based instructional materials was developed for use in all sections of North Shore Community College's developmental composition course. Introductory material traces the development of the competency-based system at the college, which stemmed from a need for a more consistent approach in the composition classes. Next, the…

Lewis, Nancy; Sbaratta, Philip

38

Pre-Service Teachers' Perceptions on Development of Their IMD Competencies through TPACK-Based Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated perceived development of pre-service teachers in their Instructional Material Design (IMD) competencies through the course "Instructional Technology and Material Design," which is based on a technological, pedagogical, and content knowledge (TPACK) framework. A total of 22 Elementary Education pre-service…

Tokmak, Hatice Sancar; Yelken, Tugba Yanpar; Konokman, Gamze Yavuz

2013-01-01

39

The Development of a Competency Based Food Preparations Curriculum for High School Special Needs Students in New Castle County, Delaware.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based culinary arts food preparation curriculum for Delaware high school students with special needs was developed during a project that included the following activities: review of the state's existing culinary arts curriculum for regular education students; incumbent worker survey administered to 24 restaurant…

Stewart, Richard Lee

40

Development and Field Test of Competency Based Instructional Material for a Career Mobility Program for Licensed Practical Nurses. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Associate Degree Nursing Program at Bergen Community College developed and field tested competency-based instructional modules in a program designed to allow licensed practical nurses to qualify to take the certification examination for registered nurses after a year of study. Thirteen licensed practical nurses were enrolled in the first class…

Bergen Community Coll., Paramus, NJ.

41

Developing Intercultural Communicative Competence through Online Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on Byram's (1997) definition of intercultural communicative competence (ICC) and on specific types of discourse analysis proposed by Kramsch and Thorne (2002) and Ware and Kramsch (2005), this article explores how online exchanges can play a role in second language learners' development of pragmatic competence and ICC. With data obtained…

Chun, Dorothy M.

2011-01-01

42

Development and validation of the competence in evidence based practice questionnaire (EBP-COQ) among nursing students  

PubMed Central

Background Nursing educators need rigorously developed instruments to assess competency in evidence based practice (EBP) at undergraduate level. This concept is defined as the capability to choose and use an integrated combination of knowledge, skills and attitudes with the intention to develop a task in a certain context. Also, we understand that EBP is gaining knowledge and skills, as well as increasing positive attitudes toward EBP that will promote a change in behaviour to implement EBP in practice. This study aims to develop a psychometric test of the Evidence Based Practice Evaluation Competence Questionnaire (EBP-COQ) among undergraduate nursing students. Methods The questionnaire was developed by item generation through a review of scientific literature and focus groups. The instrument was validated in terms of content validity through an expert review. The EBP-COQ was administered to a cohort of nursing students (n =100) to evaluate test reliability and select the best items. Psychometric properties of the final instrument were assessed in a sample of 261 nursing students. Results The EBP-COQ consisted of 25 items. A factorial analysis grouped the items into the three categories that define competence relating to EBP: attitude, knowledge and skills. Cronbach’s alpha was 0.888 for the entire questionnaire. The factor solution explained 55.55% of the variance. Conclusions EBP-COQ appears to measure with adequate reliability the attributes of undergraduate nursing students’ competence in EBP. The instrument is quick to disseminate and easy to score, making it a suitable instrument for nursing educators to evaluate students’ self-perceived competence in EBP. PMID:23391040

2013-01-01

43

Regulation of Competence Development in Haemophilus influenzae  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of competence for DNA uptake by the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae is tightly regulated, and expression of the cell's complement of competence genes is absolutely dependent on the cAMP–CRP complex. A second regulator of competence may maximize competence under starvation conditions. Several investigators have recently identified a consensus sequence (competence regulatory element, CRE) in the promoter regions of some competence

LEAH P. MACFADYEN

2000-01-01

44

Competency-Based Teacher Education: A Scenario.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fictitious scenario embodies all the characteristics and dimensions for a fully developed competency-based teacher education program envisioned by the authors. A single program and its implications for students, faculty, and the institution are presented. Specific areas of the program covered 1) a fundamental description of the competency

Weber, Wilford A.; Cooper, James M.

45

Competency Based Teacher Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Teacher Competency Scale" of 12 items was devised to identify skills considered requisite for effective teaching. The test instrument, though still deemed well designed, is seen to frighten rather than assure and restrict rather than motivate. Therefore, solutions for these affective problems are being sought. (CM)

Resnick, Norman H.; Reinert, Henry R.

1973-01-01

46

Developing a Competency-Based Component for the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competencies are identified for the four primary instructional areas of the Connecticut Vocational Agriculture Curriculum: plant science, agricultural mechanics, natural resources, and animal science. The competencies for each instructional area are divided into those for exploratory units generally appropriate for instruction at the…

EASTCONN Regional Educational Services Center, North Windham, CT.

47

Development and evaluation of a questionnaire to measure the perceived implementation of the mission statement of a competency based curriculum  

PubMed Central

Background A mission statement (MS) sets out the long-term goals of an institution and is supposed to be suited for studying learning environments. Yet, hardly any study has tested this issue so far. The aim of the present study was the development and psychometric evaluation of an MS-Questionnaire (MSQ) focusing on explicit competencies. We investigated to what extent the MSQ captures the construct of learning environment and how well a faculty is following - in its perception - a competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. Methods A questionnaire was derived from the MS “teaching” (Medical Faculty, Heinrich-Heine University Düsseldorf) which was based on (inter-) nationally accepted goals and recommendations for a competency based medical education. The MSQ was administered together with the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) to 1119 students and 258 teachers. Cronbach’s alpha was used to analyze the internal consistency of the items. Explorative factor analyses were performed to analyze homogeneity of the items within subscales and factorial validity of the MSQ. Item discrimination was assessed by means of part-whole corrected discrimination indices, and convergent validity was analyzed with respect to DREEM. Demographic variations of the respondents were used to analyze the inter-group variations in their responses. Results Students and teachers perceived the MS implementation as “moderate” and on average, students differed significantly in their perception of the MS. They thought implementation of the MS was less successful than faculty did. Women had a more positive perception of educational climate than their male colleagues and clinical students perceived the implementation of the MS on all dimensions significantly worse than preclinical students. The psychometric properties of the MSQ were very satisfactory: Item discrimination was high. Similarly to DREEM, the MSQ was highly reliable among students (? = 0.92) and teachers (? = 0.93). In both groups, the MSQ correlated highly positively with DREEM (r = 0.79 and 0.80, p < 0.001 each). Factor analyses did not reproduce the three areas of the MS perfectly. The subscales, however, could be identified as such both among teachers and students. Conclusions The perceived implementation of faculty-specific goals can be measured in an institution to some considerable extent by means of a questionnaire developed on the basis of the institution’s MS. Our MSQ provides a reliable instrument to measure the learning climate with a strong focus on competencies which are increasingly considered crucial in medical education. The questionnaire thus offers additional information beyond the DREEM. Our site-specific results imply that our own faculty is not yet fully living up to its competency-based MS. In general, the MSQ might prove useful for faculty development to the increasing number of faculties seeking to measure their perceived competency orientation in a competency-based curriculum. PMID:23134815

2012-01-01

48

Bases of Competence: An Instrument for Self and Institutional Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Bases of Competence" model provides a general framework for learner-centred skill development and programme-focused outcomes assessment. Based on previous research, the "Bases of Competence" model describes 17 skills and four base competencies important to graduates to achieve high performance in the workplace. Taking this work from research…

Berdrow, Iris; Evers, Frederick T.

2010-01-01

49

Pedagogical Catalysts of Civic Competence: The Development of a Critical Epistemological Model for Community-Based Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Democratic problem-solving necessitates an active and informed citizenry, but existing research on service-learning has shed little light on the relationship between pedagogical practices and civic competence outcomes. This study developed and tested a model to represent that relationship and identified pedagogical catalysts of civic competence

Stokamer, Stephanie

2013-01-01

50

Workplace-Based Competence Measurement: Developing Innovative Assessment Systems for Tomorrow's VET Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a consequence of the large-scale assessment studies (TIMMS; PISA) in compulsory schooling, attention is now being given to the modelling and measurement of competencies in initial vocational education and training. This new output-led perspective of teaching/training and learning/working processes demands new approaches to research. Using the…

Achtenhagen, Frank; Winther, Esther

2014-01-01

51

Group Communication and Critical Thinking Competence Development Using a Reality-Based Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The presented merger and acquisition classroom exercise is based on a real yet incomplete transaction transpiring during the period of the class. The approach enables adult students to apply their previously acquired business experience to a strategic analysis project facilitating the development of group communication, critical thinking, and…

Paulson, Edward

2011-01-01

52

Competency-Based Teacher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the Competency-Based Teacher Education program at Florida A&M University (known as FAMU-CBTE) designed to permit teacher education trainees to become actively involved with youth at every stage of their university training. Theoretical aspects of learning to teach are transmitted through the use of training modules,…

Mohr, Paul B.; And Others

53

Origins of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the theories and social factors that contributed to the development of competency-based training (CBT). These include behaviorism (Edward L. Thorndike), scientific management (Frederick Taylor), progressive education (John Dewey), and derivative theories including operant conditioning (B.F. Skinner), objectives-based

McCowan, Richard J.

1998-01-01

54

A Competency Based Teacher Certification System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of a Competency Based Teacher Certification System is a cooperative effort of the Carroll County System and the School of Education, West Georgia College, supported by a grant from the Georgia State Department of Education. As a step toward solving the problem of recertifying teachers who possess basic credentials and have taught…

Coker, Homer

55

Underpinnings of Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: To understand and appropriately implement competency-based education (CBE) to its fullest potential in professional programs, an investigation of its evolution is required. Objective: To reveal the development of the CBE approach now dominating many professional programs in higher education, including Athletic Training Education Programs…

Schilling, Jim F.; Koetting, J. Randall

2010-01-01

56

Developing intercultural competence through videogames  

Microsoft Academic Search

Effective intercultural collaboration requires intercultural competence. Intercultural competence involves awareness of the differences between cultures, knowledge about the beliefs, values, and practices of other cultures, and the skill to apply that knowledge effortlessly and effectively in interpersonal interactions. Acquiring intercultural competence can involve intensive study of the target culture, as well as immersion in social milieu of the target culture.

W. Lewis Johnson

2009-01-01

57

Developing a competency framework to support training in evidence-based healthcare  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the practice of evidence-based healthcare by doctors, nurses, midwives and the professions allied to medicine in four NHS Trusts in and around London. This qualitative study, based on interviews and self-efficiency ratings uncovered the extent of evidence based practice between different groups and between acute and community Trusts, the perceived obstacles to the adoption and implementation

Alan Cowling; Karin Newman; Susie Leigh

1999-01-01

58

Tractor Mechanic--Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to assist vocational agricultural mechanics students in learning to be tractor mechanics, this curriculum guide contains all the student competency sheets which comprise this competency-based curriculum. These competency sheets are categorized under sixteen instructional units. The first two units cover employment opportunities and…

McCann, Edward W.

59

Developing Clinical Competency in Crisis Event Management: An Integrated Simulation Problem-Based Learning Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to evaluate the integration of a simulation based learning activity on nursing students' clinical crisis management performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum. It was hypothesized that the clinical performance of first year nursing students who participated in a simulated learning activity during the PBL session…

Liaw, S. Y.; Chen, F. G.; Klainin, P.; Brammer, J.; O'Brien, A.; Samarasekera, D. D.

2010-01-01

60

The Development Model of Knowledge Management via Web-Based Learning to Enhance Pre-Service Teacher's Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores that the model of knowledge management and web technology for teachers' professional development as well as its impact in the classroom on learning and teaching, especially in pre-service teacher's competency and practices that refer to knowledge creating, analyzing, nurturing, disseminating, and optimizing process as part…

Rampai, Nattaphon; Sopeerak, Saroch

2011-01-01

61

Using Qualitative Research to Develop Culturally Competent Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kazdin pointed out that the requirement for evidence-based practice (EBP) has made the long-standing gap between research and practice in clinical psychology even more salient. He offered several strategies for bridging this gap: investigating mechanisms and moderators of therapeutic change, and qualitative research. We agree that qualitative…

Silverstein, Louise Bordeaux; Auerbach, Carl F.

2009-01-01

62

A Competency-Based Approach to Preparing Staff as Recreation and Youth Development Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Youth are often the primary group for parks and recreation organizations, yet recreation professionals are often not adequately prepared in the principles and practices of youth development. Similarly, youth workers outside the recreation field often lack information on basic recreation program design and activity leadership. Improving access to…

Barcelona, Robert J.; Hurd, Amy R.; Bruggeman, Jennifer A.

2011-01-01

63

Development of Competency-Based Vocational Agricultural Instructional Materials for Handicapped Students Enrolled in Regular Agriculture Programs Other Than Horticulture. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report includes a description of a project to develop and field-test competency-based instructional materials for handicapped students enrolled in regular vocational agriculture programs; a list of project advisory personnel; the clusters of skills identified as appropriate for handicapped students enrolled in courses in dairy production,…

Baggett, Connie D.; And Others

64

Competency-Based Education--What Is It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This task force report defines competency-based education (CBE) as a system of education designed to develop competencies in those who are products of the system. A distinction is made between CBE and performance based education (PBE) in this report. Although the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education Committee on Performance-Based

Turney, Mildred; And Others

65

Competency-Driven, Component-Based Curriculum Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines an approach to curriculum development that stresses a competency-driven framework including competency identification, curriculum development, and performance measurement, as well as a component-based approach to educational development and training asset management. Set in a professional services firm, the framework could serve as a…

Friedlander, Philip

1996-01-01

66

Competence Models in Technology-Enhanced Competence-Based Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Throughout the years competence-based management approaches have proved to be a critical tool in human resource management,\\u000a vocational training and performance management. As a result, competence-based approaches are often adopted as the key paradigm\\u000a in both formal or informal education and training programs. Despite this fact, the Technology-enhanced Learning (TeL) research\\u000a community has only recently considered undertaking research towards technology-enhanced

Demetrios Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2008-01-01

67

Developing a Framework for Communication Management Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a hierarchical needs assessment model developed by Hunt we identified the essential competencies of communication management practitioners for the purpose of curriculum development and selection. We found that the underlying values of the profession were embodied in two superordinate goals. Six major competencies were identified, which were…

Jeffrey, Lynn Maud; Brunton, Margaret Ann

2011-01-01

68

Development of an Equine-Tropic Replication-Competent Lentivirus Assay for Equine Infectious Anemia Virus-Based Lentiviral Vectors  

PubMed Central

Abstract The release of lentiviral vectors for clinical use requires the testing of vector material, production cells, and, if applicable, ex vivo-transduced cells for the presence of replication-competent lentivirus (RCL). Vectors derived from the nonprimate lentivirus equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have been directly administered to patients in several clinical trials, with no toxicity observed to date. Because EIAV does not replicate in human cells, and because putative RCLs derived from vector components within human vector production cells would most likely be human cell-tropic, we previously developed an RCL assay using amphotropic murine leukemia virus (MLV) as a surrogate positive control and human cells as RCL amplification/indicator cells. Here we report an additional RCL assay that tests for the presence of theoretical “equine-tropic” RCLs. This approach provides further assurance of safety by detecting putative RCLs with an equine cell-specific tropism that might not be efficiently amplified by the human cell-based RCL assay. We tested the ability of accessory gene-deficient EIAV mutant viruses to replicate in a highly permissive equine cell line to direct our choice of a suitable EIAV-derived positive control. In addition, we report for the first time the mathematical rationale for use of the Poisson distribution to calculate minimal infectious dose of positive control virus and for use in monitoring assay positive/spike control failures in accumulating data sets. No RCLs have been detected in Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)-compliant RCL assays to date, further demonstrating that RCL formation is highly unlikely in contemporary minimal lentiviral vector systems. PMID:23121195

Bannister, Richard; Leroux-Carlucci, Marie A.; Evans, Nerys E.; Miskin, James E.; Mitrophanous, Kyriacos A.

2012-01-01

69

Development of an equine-tropic replication-competent lentivirus assay for equine infectious anemia virus-based lentiviral vectors.  

PubMed

The release of lentiviral vectors for clinical use requires the testing of vector material, production cells, and, if applicable, ex vivo-transduced cells for the presence of replication-competent lentivirus (RCL). Vectors derived from the nonprimate lentivirus equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) have been directly administered to patients in several clinical trials, with no toxicity observed to date. Because EIAV does not replicate in human cells, and because putative RCLs derived from vector components within human vector production cells would most likely be human cell-tropic, we previously developed an RCL assay using amphotropic murine leukemia virus (MLV) as a surrogate positive control and human cells as RCL amplification/indicator cells. Here we report an additional RCL assay that tests for the presence of theoretical "equine-tropic" RCLs. This approach provides further assurance of safety by detecting putative RCLs with an equine cell-specific tropism that might not be efficiently amplified by the human cell-based RCL assay. We tested the ability of accessory gene-deficient EIAV mutant viruses to replicate in a highly permissive equine cell line to direct our choice of a suitable EIAV-derived positive control. In addition, we report for the first time the mathematical rationale for use of the Poisson distribution to calculate minimal infectious dose of positive control virus and for use in monitoring assay positive/spike control failures in accumulating data sets. No RCLs have been detected in Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)-compliant RCL assays to date, further demonstrating that RCL formation is highly unlikely in contemporary minimal lentiviral vector systems. PMID:23121195

Farley, Daniel C; Bannister, Richard; Leroux-Carlucci, Marie A; Evans, Nerys E; Miskin, James E; Mitrophanous, Kyriacos A

2012-10-01

70

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Firefighter Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based education curriculum, developed by firefighters and educators in West Virginia, is designed for use as a resource for the development of improved firefighter training programs. It consists of an introductory note to the instructor and 140 competency sheets. These sheets deal with tasks in the following areas: general…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

71

Development and Validation of the Educational Technologist Multimedia Competency Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research study was to identify the multimedia competencies of an educational technologist by creating a valid and reliable survey instrument to administer to educational technology professionals. The educational technology multimedia competency survey developed through this research is based on a conceptual framework that…

Ritzhaupt, Albert D.; Martin, Florence

2014-01-01

72

Competency-based training: who benefits?  

PubMed

Competency based training describes progression through training referenced to the demonstrated ability to perform certain tasks. In recent years, this has become the dominant curriculum model. We seek to examine who benefits from a competency based approach to medical education. For the regulators and service, the apparent advantage is in terms of apparent measurable accountability and flexibility. For assessors, the promise of competence based assessments in the workplace to provide a reliable and objective measurement of a trainee's performance has not been demonstrated in practice. For the doctor in training, there is very little evidence to show benefit from competency based training. Competency based training places emphasis on individual skills rather than overall learning experience thus risks diminishing the role of the trainee in the workplace. Any form of medical education that devalues workplace based learning will ultimately harm the profession and, in turn, patient care. PMID:23019588

Brightwell, Alexandra; Grant, Janet

2013-02-01

73

Competency-Based Adult Education: Florida Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of program materials serves as an introduction to Florida's Brevard Community College's (BCC's) Competency-Based Adult High School Completion Project, a multi-year project designed to teach adult administrators, counselors, and teachers how to organize and implement a competency-based adult education (CBAE) program; to critique…

Singer, Elizabeth

74

Developing Competence Assessment Procedure for Spinal Anaesthesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional approaches of assessment in the medical domain are insufficient for evaluating trainees' technical skills. Currently, many European medical training bodies are attempting to introduce competence-based training programmes for technical skills as well as other domains (e.g., communication, professional behaviour, clinical cognition). These efforts are limited due to the absence of appropriate assessment tools. Based on Competence-based Knowledge Space Theory

Dajie Zhang; Dietrich Albert; Cord Hockemeyer; Dorothy Breen; Zsuzsanna Kulcsár; George Shorten; Annette Aboulafia; Erik Lövquist

2008-01-01

75

Strategy?based development of teacher educators' ICT competence through a co?operative staff development project  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ICT strategy and an implementation plan for teacher education were created in a co?operative process. Visions and expectations of staff members and students were registered by questionnaires and by making notes during sessions in which the strategy was created. Thereafter, an implementation document, where the staff development programme and plans of how to develop ICT infrastructure and to integrate

Jari Lavonen; Matti Lattu; Kalle Juuti; Veijo Meisalo

2006-01-01

76

Scanning probe microscopy competency development  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a three-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). The project collaborators developed an ultra-high vacuum scanning tunneling microscope (UHV-STM) capability, integrated it with existing scanning probe microscopes, and developed new, advanced air-based scanning force techniques (SPMs). Programmatic, basic, and industrially related laboratory research requires the existence of SPMs, as well as expertise capable of providing local nano-scale information. The UHV-STM capability, equipped with load-lock system and several surface science techniques, will allow introduction, examination, and reaction of surfaces prepared under well-controlled vacuum conditions, including the examination of morphology and local bonding associated with the initial stages of film growth under controlled growth conditions. The resulting capabilities will enable the authors to respond to a variety of problems requiring local characterization of conducting and nonconducting surfaces in liquids, air, and UHV.

Hawley, M.E.; Reagor, D.W.; Jia, Quan Xi [and others

1998-12-31

77

Ranking Competencies for Software Developers in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to prioritize\\/rank 12 existing software developer competencies and to find the pattern correlation among these competencies. A survey was designed to elicit responses from a target group (N=350) of software developers, system analysts, lecturers in Information and Communication Technology (ICT), ICT managers and others related to software industry (e.g. information technologist, software architect, computer

Nantaporn Booneka; Paiboon Kiattikomol

2008-01-01

78

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide consists of a comprehensive list of competency-based performance objectives dealing with selected skill and knowledge competencies considered basic to the preparation of teacher-educators in residential building construction. Thirteen units of instruction subclassified into forty-one teaching sections are included with…

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield. Div. of Adult Vocational and Technical Education.

79

Competency-Based Horticulture: Gardening--Groundskeeping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based horticulture curriculum guide is designed to provide secondary and postsecondary horticulture teachers with a task-oriented program in gardening/groundskeeping. It contains a master resource list, a listing of gardening/groundskeeping resources available from various states, and 87 competency task sheets organized into 10…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

80

Identification of Critical Behaviors for the Child Development Associate, Competency Areas II, IV and VI, Based on a Comprehensive Model of Competence for the Brevard Community College Training Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Behavioral criteria for (1) determining child development associate (CDA) trainee competency, (2) awarding college credit, and (3) designing individualized learning programs in CDA competency areas 2, 4, and 6 are provided in this report of an applied research project. Designed to interrelate CDA and Cooperative Assessment of Experiential Learning…

Geier, Suzanne S.

81

Towards a competency-based framework for nursing management education.  

PubMed

Defining a competency-based model for nursing management development will help to establish core competencies for nursing managers which will not only strengthen their practice and provide further learning and development opportunities, but will also provide the basis to focus training and professional development efforts. This paper identifies the competencies important for effective nursing management in the public and private health sectors. A total of 420 senior nursing managers in South Africa were surveyed using a self-administered questionnaire. Respondents had to rate the importance of 51 competency items as it pertains to effective nursing management. Self-management, controlling, health/clinical, organizing, people management, planning and ethical/legal competencies were found the most valuable for optimal nursing management. These findings reflect the reality of the nursing management milieu and will be useful in the design and delivery of management development programmes aimed at enhancing nursing management capacity. PMID:21129106

Pillay, Rubin

2010-12-01

82

Developing Competency-Based Activities and Evaluation Instruments for the Advertising Service Area of Distribution. Final Report. Leadership Development Series: Advertising Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To provide materials for a national exchange program and a Pennsylvania activities bank, a project was designed to produce materials for teacher-coordinators of high school distributive education. The project objectives were to (1) review and evaluate competencies necessary for advertising service careers, (2) develop activities and evaluative…

Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Div. of Teacher Development.

83

Developing a higher specialist training programme in renal medicine in the era of competence-based training.  

PubMed

Renal specialty medical training in the UK was reformed in August 2007, with an emphasis placed on competency-based training and the publication of a new curriculum and assessment blueprint. This model of training places additional time demands on both trainees and trainers, with implications for job planning and service delivery. We evaluated the resource requirements and impact on service delivery of implementing a high-quality training programme in renal medicine. Each trainee maintained a portfolio containing details of workplace-based assessments. The change in educational environment led to improved trainee satisfaction. The mean total consultant time involved in implementing the training programme was 0.7 programmed activities (PAs) per trainee per week in the first year, which decreased to 0.5 PAs per trainee per week in the second year. This pilot study indicates that it is possible to integrate successful and high-quality specialty training in a busy clinical environment. The model outlined could form a template for postgraduate specialist training delivery in a variety of medical specialties. PMID:22930878

Kamesh, Lavanya; Clapham, Mike; Foggensteiner, Lukas

2012-08-01

84

Lifelong Competence Development: Towards a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description - The Case Study of Europass Language Passport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches in the field of formal or non-formal education and training are becoming more common and appear to offer the opportunity to develop programmes that meet needs of learners, trainers and potential employers. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2006-01-01

85

A Summary of Initial Efforts in Developing Competency-Based Teacher Training for Social-Emotional Growth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This five-part document, based on the position that schools should teach social-emotional development, presents a rationale concerning human needs for healthy social-emotional development, presents a rationale for teaching it, and outlines exploratory and respectful behaviors. Part 1 defines the position which stresses the need to increase…

Henderson, Judith E.

86

Transmigrant Families: Intercultural and Bilingual Competences Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of a research project concerned with analysing and identifying the discourses and related strategies used by Spanish-German trans-migrant families to support and develop bilingual and intercultural competences stemming from their transmigratory experiences. Using the biographical-narrative approach, we reconstruct…

Gonzalez Barea, Eva Ma.; Garcia-Cano Torrico, Maria; Marquez Lepe, Esther; Ruiz Garzon, Francisca; Pozo Llorente, Ma. Teresa; Dietz, Gunther

2010-01-01

87

Learner Subjectivity and Pragmatic Competence Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A researcher undertook a study of her own second language learning progress, focusing on development of pragmatic competence in Japanese and the relationship between language and social identity while living and working in Japan. The study addressed three areas: the formal instructional context of studying Japanese in Japan; the influence of the…

LoCastro, Virginia

88

Development of an Organizational Communication Competence Instrument.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study attempted to develop an organizational communication competence scale that focuses on both communication skills as well as appropriate role behavior within an organizational communication context. A 30-item scale, later reduced to 12 items, was administered to 245 undergraduate students enrolled in a basic speech course. Responses were…

Bruning, Stephen D.

89

Entry-Level Competencies for Instructional Developers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of business and industrial training team supervisors and members was undertaken in order to identify the most important entry-level competencies required of instructional development specialists in a variety of business and industrial settings. The study sample of 300 was randomly selected from the approximately 2,850 members of the…

Trimby, Madeline J.

90

ICT TOOLS AND STUDENTS' COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper I will present the rationale that motivates the study in an ongoing three-year project following students in school years 8 to 10. The aim is to develop the students' competence with use of ICT tools in mathematics in such a way that they will be able to choose tools for themselves, not rely just on the teacher

Anne Berit Fuglestad

2004-01-01

91

Competency Model 101. The Process of Developing Core Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mississippi Competency Model defines nurses' roles as provider (caregiver, teacher, counselor, advocate), professional (scholar, collaborator, ethicist, researcher), and manager (leader, facilitator, intrapreneur, decision maker, technology user) for four levels of nursing: licensed practical nurse, associate degree, bachelor's degree, and…

Eichelberger, Lisa Wright; Hewlett, Peggy O'Neill

1999-01-01

92

Lifelong Competence Development: Towards a Common Metadata Model for Competencies Description - The Case Study of Europass Language Passport  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches in the field of formal or non-formal education and training are becoming more common and appear to offer the opportunity to develop programmes that meet needs of learners, trainers and potential employers. To support the provision of competence-ba sed learning services, it is necessary to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way.

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios G. Sampson; Demetrios Fytros

2006-01-01

93

Communicative Competence: Existing Concepts and Prospects for Further Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicative competence is set out to be of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The success of the sustainable development of communicative competence requires existing concepts of communicative competence

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

94

How to Measure Critical Health Competences: Development and Validation of the Critical Health Competence Test (CHC Test)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consumers' autonomy regarding health increasingly requires competences to critically appraise health information. Critical health literacy refers to the concept of evidence-based medicine. Instruments to measure these competences in curriculum evaluation and surveys are lacking. We aimed to develop and validate an instrument to measure critical…

Steckelberg, Anke; Hulfenhaus, Christian; Kasper, Jurgen; Rost, Jurgen; Muhlhauser, Ingrid

2009-01-01

95

Development of a State-Wide Competency Test for Marketing Education. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to develop a valid, competency-referenced test on the core competencies identified for the Missouri Fundamentals of Marketing curriculum. During the project: (1) multiple-choice test items based on the core competencies in the Fundamentals of Marketing curriculum were developed; (2) instructions for onsite administration of…

Smith, Clifton L.

96

Impact of Placement Type on the Development of Clinical Competency in Speech-Language Pathology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Speech-language pathology students gain experience and clinical competency through clinical education placements. However, currently little empirical information exists regarding how competency develops. Existing research about the effectiveness of placement types and models in developing competency is generally descriptive and based

Sheepway, Lyndal; Lincoln, Michelle; McAllister, Sue

2014-01-01

97

Innovative Curriculum Revision (Competency-Based).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A four year competency based education course for prospective physical education teachers is outlined. This course is divided into blocks and modules. The blocks consist of an arrangement of integrated learning experiences (combined from subjects conventionally separated) and directed toward specific student outcomes. The modules are units of a…

Abercrombie, Betty

98

Cosmetology: Task Analyses. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These task analyses are designed to be used in combination with the "Trade and Industrial Education Service Area Resource" in order to implement competency-based education in the cosmetology program in Virginia. The task analysis document contains the task inventory, suggested task sequence lists, and content outlines for the secondary courses…

Henrico County Public Schools, Glen Allen, VA. Virginia Vocational Curriculum Center.

99

Machine Trades. A Competency Based Articulated Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a competency-based curriculum guide designed to promote articulation in machine trades vocational education programs between and among secondary and postsecondary institutions in the Indian Hills Community College and Merged Area XV high schools in Iowa. The guide is organized in 11 sections. The first six sections provide…

Mein, Jake; And Others

100

Competency-Based Preservice Construction Trades Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use at Eastern Illinois University in a model curriculum designed to prepare secondary school teachers in the field of residential building, this curriculum guide provides a competency-based preservice construction trades program. The guide is divided into thirteen units as follows: (1) pre-construction planning; (2) structural…

Nelms, Howard F.

101

Defining, Developing and Assessing Global Competence in Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Engineering curricula are increasingly focused on developing student competencies. Many new competencies needed by engineers today are professional skills (sometimes called the "soft skills"). Among the new competencies for engineering graduates is global competence, the ability to work knowledgeably and live comfortably in a transnational…

Lohmann, Jack R.; Rollins, Howard A.; Hoey, J. Joseph

2006-01-01

102

Competency-Based Nursing Career Ladder Model. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An open-entry/open-exit competency-based nursing career ladder model was developed to demonstrate the articulation process from high school through licensed vocational nursing (LVN), associate degree nursing (ADN), and baccalaureate degree-level nursing (BSN) programs. The model was based on data obtained from a review of the literature on (1)…

Wilson, Janie Menchaca; And Others

103

Mining competent case bases for case-based reasoning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Case-based reasoning relies heavily on the availability of a highly competent case base to make high-quality decisions. However, good case bases are difficult to come by. In this paper, we present a novel algorithm for automatically mining a high-quality case base from a raw case set that can preserve and sometimes even improve the competence of case-based reasoning. In this

Rong Pan; Qiang Yang; Sinno Jialin Pan

2007-01-01

104

Collaborative Learning and Competence Development in School Health Nursing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the process and learning outcomes of peer collaboration in a Danish health developmental project in school health nursing. The paper explores how peer collaboration influences the school nurses' collaborative learning and competence development. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based

Nordentoft, Helle Merete; Wistoft, Karen

2012-01-01

105

Developing leadership in healthcare administration: a competency assessment tool.  

PubMed

Despite the many graduate programs that specialize in health administration, healthcare leaders and practitioners have expressed concern about the quality of preparation of health administration graduates. The purpose of this study was to facilitate one part of an integrated approach to leadership development that spans academic and practitioner settings. The approach was to design a competency assessment tool for early careerists who have two to five years of postgraduate experience and who aspire to fill senior leadership positions in complex, provider-based healthcare organizations. Open-ended interviews with key informants and a comprehensive review of relevant literature were done to identify and categorize a set of competencies relevant to early careerists. Based on data from key informants, specific work experiences and academic courses were mapped to each competency, indicating where and how such competencies might be developed. A simple rating system was then added to assess each competency, which resulted in the completion of the tool. Finally, the tool was piloted in a practitioner setting at the Massachusetts General Hospital Administrative Fellowship Program and in an academic setting at the Yale University Health Management Program. The resulting tool includes 52 competencies categorized into four domains: (1) technical skills (operations, finance; information resources, human resources, and strategic planning/external affairs); (2) industry knowledge (clinical process and healthcare institutions); (3) analytic and conceptual reasoning; and (4) interpersonal and emotional intelligence. Early experience with the tool suggests that it can facilitate career planning among graduate students, early careerists, and their mentors. Further, the tool can help directors of both academic and practitioner programs identify strengths and gaps in their existing curricula or training programs. By offering specific competencies linked to work experiences and graduate courses, the tool is an initial step toward promoting collaborative efforts between academic and practitioner programs. PMID:11372221

Robbins, C J; Bradley, E H; Spicer, M

2001-01-01

106

Masonry. Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum for masonry is organized into 12 modules. Each module is comprised of two to nine competency statements. A student competency sheet provided for each competency is organized into this format: module and competency number and name, performance guide (for some competencies), learning activities, and an evaluation. Where appropriate,…

Long, Diana

107

Competency Development and Career Success: The Mediating Role of Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims to unravel the relationship between competency development, employability and career success. To do so, we tested a model wherein associations between employee participation in competency development initiatives, perceived support for competency development, self-perceived employability, and two indicators of subjective…

De Vos, Ans; De Hauw, Sara; Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.

2011-01-01

108

Student Competency Profile Chart: A Competency Based Vocational Education Instrument.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document defines, describes usage of, and provides samples of student competency profiles being used in 17 vocational programs at Rutland Area Vocational-Technical Center in Rutland, Vermont. The profiles cover the following programs: auto body, auto mechanics, business/data processing, cabinetmaking, carpentry/masonry, culinary arts,…

Martell, John L.

109

Assessment to transform competency-based curricula.  

PubMed

The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating a vision and creating short-term wins were the 4 steps most evident in the literature. In the case study, creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating short-term wins, consolidating improvements, and producing additional change were most important. The case study also indicated that (a) the history or climate of the institution in dealing with change, and (b) involving individuals with specific expertise as part of the leadership group were also important. Recommendations (PREPARE) were developed. Assessment is an enabling and valuable element in each stage of curricular transformation when guided by Kotter's model. PMID:20221351

Farris, Karen B; Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; Kelley, Katherine; Scott, Steven A

2009-12-17

110

Assessment to Transform Competency-based Curricula  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper was to apply Kotter's 8 steps to transforming organizations as a framework for the role of assessment in competency-based curricular reform. Two analyses were conducted including (1) environmental scan of literature about assessment in curricular reform and (2) qualitative analyses of data from a college of pharmacy which instituted curricular reform. These assessment-focused data sources were interpreted in view of Kotter's 8 steps. Creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating a vision and creating short-term wins were the 4 steps most evident in the literature. In the case study, creating a sense of urgency, forming a powerful guiding coalition, creating short-term wins, consolidating improvements, and producing additional change were most important. The case study also indicated that (a) the history or climate of the institution in dealing with change, and (b) involving individuals with specific expertise as part of the leadership group were also important. Recommendations (PREPARE) were developed. Assessment is an enabling and valuable element in each stage of curricular transformation when guided by Kotter's model. PMID:20221351

Demb, Ada; Janke, Kristin Kari; Kelley, Katherine; Scott, Steven A.

2009-01-01

111

Developing cultural competence in palliative care.  

PubMed

Increasing ethnic or cultural diversity in the population served by health-care services requires improved competence and updated provision. Both individual staff and institutions need to reflect on and prepare to meet new challenges. Three key elements-reflective self-awareness, knowledge of others, and skills in managing difference-must be developed. Recognition of diversity and a database of appropriate information are essential for both workers and management of organisations. Above all, some preparedness for continual change and learning is essential. This article provides some suggestions and examples to assist with this. PMID:24514110

McGee, Paula; Johnson, Mark R D

2014-02-01

112

Developing a common metadata model for competencies description  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competence-based approaches are frequently adopted as the key paradigm in both formal or non- formal education and training. To support the provision of competence-based learning services, it is necessary to be able to maintain a record of an individual's competences in a persistent and standard way. In this paper, we investigate potential issues related with the definition of a common

Demetrios G. Sampson; Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Fytros

2007-01-01

113

Soils and Fertilizers. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on soils and fertilizers is one of four developed for classroom use in teaching the turf and lawn services area of horticulture. The four sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline taking soil samples, testing samples, preparing soil for…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

114

Implementing the Plan. Competency Based Teaching Materials in Horticulture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum unit on implementing the landscape plan is one of five developed for classroom use in teaching the landscape/nursery area of horticulture. The seven sections are each divided into teaching content (in a question-and-answer format) and student skills that outline steps and factors for consideration. Topics covered…

Legacy, Jim; And Others

115

Researching the development of team competencies in computer science courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

The capability to effectively work in teams has been a key competence for computer scientists for a long time. Gradually, more attention is paid to developing this generic competence as part of academic curricula. At the University of Vienna, we have conducted and researched a number of different courses that were aimed at developing studentspsila team competencies along with subject

Kathrin Figl; Renate Motschnig

2008-01-01

116

Information Competency: Challenges and Strategies for Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1996, the California Community College Board of Governors (BOG) issued a policy statement identifying information competency as a priority. Recognizing information competency as an academic and professional matter, in May 1999 the Chancellor delegated the issue of information competency as a graduation requirement to the Academic Senate for…

Academic Senate for California Community Colleges, Sacramento.

117

The Case for Competency-Based Education. Fastback 118.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activity and interest in competency-based education are growing. As of March 1978, some type of competency-based education requirement had been instituted in 34 states. Many recent changes in American society are affecting competency-based education. For example, today's learners are likely to be lifelong learners, but their learning may be…

Parnell, Dale

118

Developing a Consensus-Driven, Core Competency Model to Shape Future Audio Engineering Technology Curriculum: A Web-Based Modified Delphi Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this online study was to create a ranking of essential core competencies and technologies required by AET (audio engineering technology) programs 10 years in the future. The study was designed to facilitate curriculum development and improvement in the rapidly expanding number of small to medium sized audio engineering technology…

Tough, David T.

2009-01-01

119

The Rationale and Methodology for Development of a Competency Based Leadership Education and Training Program in the Navy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Numerous attempts by the U.S. Navy to identify leadership potential within its ranks and to train for such leadership skills have been mostly unsuccessful since the efforts were based upon very subjective perceptions of good leadership qualities. To address this problem, the Navy, with the assistance of Dr. David McClelland, has described a set of…

Scanland, Worth; Pepper, Dorothy

120

A Historical Perspective on the Development of the Concept "Competence"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicative competence that involves language (Druviete 2007, p. 12) is one of the eight key competences which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission 2004, p. 3). The enhancement of students' communicative competence becomes particularly important for the…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

121

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new directions for developing learning and innovation competence in international development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach:

Laxmi Prasad Pant

2012-01-01

122

Developing Cultural Competence in Human Service Providers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural competence assumes greater importance in the United States as international relations shift and the United States changes its own demographic makeup. Hispanics have significant health care needs and cultural beliefs that influence their acceptance of service. As part of an effort to build cultural competence in undergraduate social work…

Krajewski-Jaime, Elvia R.; And Others

123

In Practice: Using the "Developing Competency" Vector to Prepare Students for Competent Academic Major Exploration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though many programs for undecided students focus on the "developing purpose" vector, the author argues that putting purpose before competency is putting the cart before the horse. In this article, she shares practical strategies she has used to help her students at the University of Arizona reach competence in understanding the academic world.…

Galilee-Belfer, Mika

2012-01-01

124

Teacher's Guide for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Floriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to facilitate use of the West Virginia floriculture competency-based education (CBE) curriculum by instructors in floriculture programs. The curriculum is organized into 13 learning units, correlated with specific competencies. Each competency includes a learning checklist, learning activities, and evaluative…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

125

Competency Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Student Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the student materials for the comptency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. These student materials consist of a student competency sheet for each of the 31 competencies (arranged in 10 learning modules) of the curriculum. Each competency sheet states the…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

126

Lessons Learned From a Community-Academic Initiative: The Development of a Core Competency-Based Training for Community-Academic Initiative Community Health Workers  

PubMed Central

Objectives Despite the importance of community health workers (CHWs) in strategies to reduce health disparities and the call to enhance their roles in research, little information exists on how to prepare CHWs involved in community–academic initiatives (CAIs). Therefore, the New York University Prevention Research Center piloted a CAI–CHW training program. Methods We applied a core competency framework to an existing CHW curriculum and bolstered the curriculum to include research-specific sessions. We employed diverse training methods, guided by adult learning principles and popular education philosophy. Evaluation instruments assessed changes related to confidence, intention to use learned skills, usefulness of sessions, and satisfaction with the training. Results Results demonstrated that a core competency–based training can successfully affect CHWs’ perceived confidence and intentions to apply learned content, and can provide a larger social justice context of their role and work. Conclusions This program demonstrates that a core competency–based framework coupled with CAI-research–specific skill sessions (1) provides skills that CAI–CHWs intend to use, (2) builds confidence, and (3) provides participants with a more contextualized view of client needs and CHW roles. PMID:22594730

Ruiz, Yumary; Matos, Sergio; Kapadia, Smiti; Islam, Nadia; Cusack, Arthur; Kwong, Sylvia; Trinh-Shevrin, Chau

2012-01-01

127

Encouraging the development of social competence in young children  

Microsoft Academic Search

To help children develop social competence, teachers need to understand differences between popular and unpopular children, know how to assess social competence, and employ techniques which aid the development of children's social skills. In general, popular children have developed skills and strategies which allow them to interact with their peers in various situations. Unpopular children engage in behaviors which are

Janis R. Bullock

1988-01-01

128

Vocational Education Students' Generic Working Life Competencies: Developing a Self-Assessment Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study reports on the process of developing a self-assessment instrument for vocational education students' generic working life competencies. The instrument was developed based on a competence framework and in close collaboration with several vocational education teachers and intermediary organisations offering various human…

Kyndt, Eva; Janssens, Ine; Coertjens, Liesje; Gijbels, David; Donche, Vincent; Van Petegem, Peter

2014-01-01

129

A theory of developing competence with written mathematical symbols  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a theory of how competence with written mathematical symbols develops. The theory proposes a succession of cognitive processes that cumulate to yield competence: (1) connecting individual symbols with referents; (2) developing symbol manipulation procedures; (3a) elaborating procedures for symbols; (3b) routinizing the procedures for manipulating symbols; and (4) using the symbols and rules as referents for building

James Hiebert

1988-01-01

130

Knowledge Management Model: Practical Application for Competency Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to present a knowledge management (KM) conceptual model for competency development and a case study in a law service firm, which implemented the KM model in a competencies development program. Design/methodology/approach: The case study method was applied according to Yin (2003) concepts, focusing a six-professional group…

Lustri, Denise; Miura, Irene; Takahashi, Sergio

2007-01-01

131

How scientists develop competence in visual communication  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Visuals (maps, charts, diagrams and illustrations) are an important tool for communication in most scientific disciplines, which means that scientists benefit from having strong visual communication skills. This dissertation examines the nature of competence in visual communication and the means by which scientists acquire this competence. This examination takes the form of an extensive multi-disciplinary integrative literature review and a series of interviews with graduate-level science students. The results are presented as a conceptual framework that lays out the components of competence in visual communication, including the communicative goals of science visuals, the characteristics of effective visuals, the skills and knowledge needed to create effective visuals and the learning experiences that promote the acquisition of these forms of skill and knowledge. This conceptual framework can be used to inform pedagogy and thus help graduate students achieve a higher level of competency in this area; it can also be used to identify aspects of acquiring competence in visual communication that need further study.

Ostergren, Marilyn

132

Competency-Based Education for the Molecular Genetic Pathology Fellow  

PubMed Central

The following report represents guidelines for competency-based fellowship training in Molecular Genetic Pathology (MGP) developed by the Association for Molecular Pathology Training and Education Committee and Directors of MGP Programs in the United States. The goals of the effort were to describe each of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education competencies as they apply to MGP fellowship training, provide a summary of goals and objectives, and recommend assessment tools. These guidelines are particularly pertinent to MGP training, which is a relatively new specialty that operates within a rapidly changing scientific and technological arena. It is hoped that this document will provide additional material for directors of existing MGP programs to consider for improvement of program objectives and enhancement of evaluation tools already in place. In addition, the guidelines should provide a valuable framework for the development of new MGP programs. PMID:19797613

Talbert, Michael L.; Dunn, S. Terence; Hunt, Jennifer; Hillyard, David R.; Mirza, Imran; Nowak, Jan A.; Van Deerlin, Vivianna; Vnencak-Jones, Cindy L.

2009-01-01

133

The Action Competence Approach and the "New" Discourses of Education for Sustainable Development, Competence and Quality Criteria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Action competence has been a key concept in educational circles in Denmark since the 1980s. This paper explores the relationship between the action competence approach and recent discourses of education for sustainable development (ESD), competence and quality criteria. First we argue that action competence is an educational ideal, referring to…

Mogensen, Finn; Schnack, Karsten

2010-01-01

134

Iowa Department of Education Guidelines for PK-12 Competency-Based Pathways  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidelines for developing competency-based pathways in Iowa districts and schools and outlines waiver requirements and procedures. Competency-based pathways provide ways to validate learning of standards that occurs outside the structure of the traditional school and offer flexibility for schools to engage students in…

Iowa Department of Education, 2013

2013-01-01

135

Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Prevocational Health Exploration. Teacher's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the teacher's guide for the competency-based curriculum in prevocational health exploration for secondary students in West Virginia. After the introduction, which provides a rationale for competency-based instruction in the prevocational curriculum, the following sections are included in the guide: development and validation of…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

136

Competency-Based Instruction for the Modern Office/Word Processing Technology Course. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes and provides materials developed by a project to set up competency-based instruction for designated competency levels in the Modern Office/Word Processing Technology Course in an area vocational school. Following an abstract and a report that details conclusions and recommendations, materials developed by the project are…

LeVan, Jan

137

Defining a Competency Framework: The First Step toward Competency-Based Medical Education.  

PubMed

Despite the existence of a large variety of competency frameworks for medical graduates, there is no agreement on a single set of outcomes. Different countries have attempted to define their own set of competencies to respond to their local situations. This article reports the process of developing medical graduates' competency framework as the first step in the curriculum reform in Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). A participatory approach was applied to develop a competency framework in Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). Following literature review, nominal group meetings with students and faculty members were held to generate the initial list of expectations, and 9 domains was proposed. Then, domains were reviewed, and one of the domains was removed. The competency framework was sent to Curriculum Reform Committee for consideration and approval, where it was decided to distribute electronic and paper forms among all faculty members and ask them for their comments. Following incorporating some of the modifications, the document was approved by the committee. The TUMS competency framework consists of 8 domains: Clinical skills; Communication skills; Patient management; Health promotion and disease prevention; Personal development; Professionalism, medical ethics and law; Decision making, reasoning and problem-solving; and Health system and the corresponding role of physicians. Development of a competency framework through a participatory approach was the first step towards curriculum reform in TUMS, aligned with local needs and conditions. The lessons learned through the process may be useful for similar projects in the future. PMID:25325209

Mirzazadeh, Azim; Mortaz Hejri, Sara; Jalili, Mohammad; Asghari, Fariba; Labaf, Ali; Sedaghat Siyahkal, Mojtaba; Afshari, Ali; Saleh, Narges

2014-09-01

138

Developing Intercultural Competence in Europe: The Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Anti-racism has not played a prominent role in recent major European Union Lifelong Learning strategies. Nevertheless, its importance in Europe with increasing levels of migration has kept the concept, in the form of intercultural competence and intercultural dialogue, alive within European Education and Culture policy. This article traces the use…

Hoskins, Bryony; Sallah, Momodou

2011-01-01

139

Competence Development of Entrepreneurs in Innovative Horticulture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the learning of entrepreneurs in authentic learning environments. The research questions are: How do entrepreneurs assess their compentencies, and how do employees and external consultants assess the compentencies of these entrepreneurs? What are the competence strengths and weaknesses of…

Mulder, Martin; Lans, Thomas; Verstegen, Jos; Biemans, Harm; Meijer, Ypie

2007-01-01

140

Increasing Cultural Competence through Needs Assessment and Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The increasing cultural diversity of American students makes it imperative for school-based professionals to engage in culturally-competent practice, thereby ensuring high-quality mental health services. Although most cultural competence training occurs in university programs, research shows practicing mental health professionals would benefit…

Smith, Natasha L.; Bahr, Michael W.

2014-01-01

141

Competences for Sustainable Development and Sustainability: Significance and Challenges for ESD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose--The purpose of this paper is to draw attention of the education for sustainable development (ESD) community to recent discussions on competence approaches and to examine the adequacy of a competence-based model as the means of achieving educational and societal transformation towards sustainability. The paper analyses and highlights some…

Mochizuki, Yoko; Fadeeva, Zinaida

2010-01-01

142

Effects of Collaborative Musical Theater on the Development of Social Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This study analyzes the social competence of university students of the Music Education Teaching Degree through variables group climate, team cohesion and social skills. The need to develop good social competence was the basis to implement a project based on the musical theater applied according to the collaborative learning…

Perez-Aldeguer, Santiago

2013-01-01

143

Multicultural Counseling Competencies, 2003: Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book updates earlier Association for Multicultural Counseling and Development (AMCD) multicultural counseling competencies (MCC). Each chapter author particularizes definitions and/or conceptualizations of multicultural competencies to the topic of his or her chapter. The present document operationalizes the MCC into practice examples,…

Roysircar, Gargi; Arredondo, Patricia; Fuertes, Jairo N.; Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Toporek, Rebecca L.

144

Cultural Competence in Health Care: Implications for Human Resource Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reviews the need for cultural competence in health care, the barriers faced by health care professionals as they attempt to deliver culturally competent care, and the implications for human resource development initiatives. Already the most ethnically diverse country in the world, the US, is experiencing dramatic increases in its ethnic mix. As Taylor (2005) notes, these changing demographics

Rosemarie Angela Taylor; Mary V. Alfred

145

Adaptive Learning Objects Sequencing for Competence-Based Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lifelong learning refers to the activities people perform throughout their life to improve their competence in a particular field. Although adaptive educational hypermedia systems (AEHS) bare the potential to provide personalized learning experiences based on individual's knowledge, skills, and competencies, so far they have been confined in the provision of knowledge resources that are adaptively selected based on the structure

Pythagoras Karampiperis; Demetrios Sampson

2006-01-01

146

Beyond NAVMEC: competency-based veterinary education and assessment of the professional competencies.  

PubMed

The implementation of competency-based curricula within the health sciences has been an important paradigm shift over the past 30 years. As a result, one of the five strategic goals recommended by the North American Veterinary Medical Education Consortium (NAVMEC) report was to graduate career-ready veterinarians who are proficient in, and have the confidence to use, an agreed-upon set of core competencies. Of the nine competencies identified as essential for veterinary graduates, seven could be classified as professional or non-technical competencies: communication; collaboration; management (self, team, system); lifelong learning, scholarship, value of research; leadership; diversity and multicultural awareness; and adaptation to changing environments. Traditionally, the professional competencies have received less attention in veterinary curricula and their assessment is often sporadic or inconsistent. In contrast, the same or similar competencies are being increasingly recognized in other health professions as essential skills and abilities, and their assessment is being undertaken with enhanced scrutiny and critical appraisal. Several challenges have been associated with the assessment of professional competencies, including agreement as to their definition and therefore their evaluation, the fact that they are frequently complex and require multiple integrative assessments, and the ability and/or desire of faculty to teach and assess these competencies. To provide an improved context for assessment of the seven professional competencies identified in the NAVMEC report, this article describes a broad framework for their evaluation as well as specific examples of how these or similar competencies are currently being measured in medical and veterinary curricula. PMID:23709107

Hodgson, Jennifer L; Pelzer, Jacquelyn M; Inzana, Karen D

2013-01-01

147

Ohio State University Extension Competency Study: Developing a Competency Model for a 21st Century Extension Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on competency-based human resource (HR) management provides a strong case for moving from a jobs-based to a competency-based approach to human resources. There is agreement in the literature (Dubois, Rothwell, Stern, & Kemp, 2004; Lucia & Lepsinger, 1999) on the benefits of using competencies throughout HR systems and impact has…

Cochran, Graham Ralph

2009-01-01

148

Seminar on Competency-Based Education. A Position Paper on the Problems and Promises of Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most important aspect of competency-based education is clearly linked to Bloom's mastery learning model: the establishment of behaviors which ought to be learned and adequately performed by public school students. The main components of competency based education are: (1) establishment of student standards; (2) student testing; and (3)…

Porter, John W.

149

Teachers' Individual Action Theories about Competence-Based Education: The Value of the Cognitive Apprenticeship Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dutch prevocational secondary schools are reforming their educational programmes to make them more competence-based. This reform has substantial implications for the roles played by teachers. Yet, little empirical research has been conducted on teachers' processes of competence development in vocational settings. This study explores teachers'…

Seezink, Audrey; Poell, Rob F.; Kirschner, Paul A.

2009-01-01

150

Illustrations for a Competency Based Curriculum Guide: Ethanol Spark Ignition Engine Conversion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains 56 illustrations for use in an Illinois-developed competency-based course in ethanol spark ignition engine conversion. Each illustration is related to a specific competency in the course curriculum guide. Illustrations, which include photographs and line drawings, cover some of the following topics: carburetion, compression,…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Dept. of Adult, Vocational and Technical Education.

151

Competency-Based Training: Objective Structured Clinical Exercises (OSCE) in Marriage and Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of marriage and family therapy (MFT) has recently engaged in the process of defining core competencies for the profession. Many MFT training programs are adapting their curriculum to develop more competency-based training strategies. The Objective Structured Clinical "Examination" (OSCE) is widely used in the medical profession to assess…

Miller, John K.

2010-01-01

152

Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Laser Technology. September 1980-June 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains materials developed by a project to provide a competency-based curriculum guide for laser technology at the community college level. An abstract of the final report is included. Next, the 17 job competencies determined as necessary to meet the job description of laser technician are listed. A career ladder and qualifications…

Fioroni, John J.

153

Interlanguage Pragmatic Development: The Relation between Pragmalinguistic Competence and Sociopragmatic Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past few years saw significant advances in the field of interlanguage pragmatics development since several researchers' call for more studies focusing on the development of pragmatic competence of second or foreign language learners. The existing literature, however, still leaves us an incomplete picture of the nature of the relation between…

Chang, Yuh-Fang

2011-01-01

154

Moral competence as a positive youth development construct: a conceptual review.  

PubMed

Moral competence refers to the affective orientation to perform altruistic behaviors and the ability to judge moral issues logically. A five-stage theory of moral development is proposed. Both western and Chinese perspectives are incorporated in the elaboration of the characteristics of each stage. A brief review of the antecedents of moral competence is presented. The relationship between moral competence and adolescent developmental outcomes is also discussed. Some practical ways to promote moral competence are suggested. School-based programs may be effective in the promotion of moral competence provided it is based on all-round or whole-person development and the length of the program should be sufficiently long. PMID:22629153

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

155

Competency Based Language Education Curriculum Guide. [Tunisian Arabic.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is designed for the Arabic language training of Peace Corps workers in Tunisia, and reflects daily communication needs in that context. An introductory section describes the materials' organization and competency-based approach, and lists the 28 specific competencies targeted and the constructions taught within each…

Choura, Abdessalem

156

Discovery of Novel Peptides Regulating Competence Development in Streptococcus mutans.  

PubMed

A MarR-like transcriptional repressor (RcrR) and two predicted ABC efflux pumps (RcrPQ) encoded by a single operon were recently shown to be dominant regulators of stress tolerance and development of genetic competence in the oral pathogen Streptococcus mutans. Here, we focused on polar (?rcrR-P) and nonpolar (?rcrR-NP) rcrR mutants, which are hyper- and nontransformable, respectively, to dissect the mechanisms by which these mutations impact competence. We discovered two open reading frames (ORFs) in the 3' end of the rcrQ gene that encode peptides of 27 and 42 amino acids (aa) which are also dramatically upregulated in the ?rcrR-NP strain. Deletion of, or start codon mutations in, the ORFs for the peptides in the ?rcrR-NP background restored competence and sensitivity to competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) to levels seen in the ?rcrR-P strain. Overexpression of the peptides adversely affected competence development. Importantly, overexpression of mutant derivatives of the ABC exporters that lacked the peptides also resulted in impaired competence. FLAG-tagged versions of the peptides could be detected in S. mutans, and FLAG tagging of the peptides impaired their function. The competence phenotypes associated with the various mutations, and with overexpression of the peptides and ABC transporters, were correlated with the levels of ComX protein in cells. Collectively, these studies revealed multiple novel mechanisms for regulation of competence development by the components of the rcrRPQ operon. Given their intimate role in competence and stress tolerance, the rcrRPQ-encoded peptides may prove to be useful targets for therapeutics to diminish the virulence of S. mutans. PMID:25135217

Ahn, Sang-Joon; Kaspar, Justin; Kim, Jeong Nam; Seaton, Kinda; Burne, Robert A

2014-11-01

157

OUTCOMES OF ANTHROPOLOGICALLY BASED CULTURAL COMPETENCY EDUCATION FOR DOCTORAL STUDENTS IN PHYSICAL THERAPY  

E-print Network

Researchers have developed tools to assess the impact of cultural awareness, sensitivity, and competency programs in health services. These tools are unreliable, lacking in validity, based on provider self-report, and ...

Drassen Ham, Amy

2013-08-31

158

Competence-Related Metadata for Educational Resources that Support Lifelong Competence Development Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the context of the emerging paradigm of Lifelong Learning, competence-based learning is gradually attracting the attention of the Technology-Enhanced Learning community, since it appears to meet the 21st Century learning and training expectations of both individuals and organisations. On the other hand, the paradigm of Learning Objects--as a…

Sampson, Demetrios G.

2009-01-01

159

Competence-related Metadata for Educational Resources that Support Lifelong Competence Development Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the context of the emerging paradigm of Lifelong Learning, competence-based learning is gradually attracting the attention of the Technology-Enhanced Learning community, since it appears to meet the 21st Century learning and training expectations of both individuals and organisations. On the other hand, the paradigm of Learning Objects - as a way to organize, manage, offer and use digital learning

Demetrios G. Sampson

2009-01-01

160

SOCIAL SOFTWARE FOR LIFELONG COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT: CHALLENGES AND INFRASTRUCTURE Social Software for Lifelong Competence  

E-print Network

membership (in a class, a working group, a team or a division). Social software will change the traditionalSOCIAL SOFTWARE FOR LIFELONG COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT: CHALLENGES AND INFRASTRUCTURE Social Software. This contribution analyzes the potential of social software tools for providing part of the required functionality

Olmedilla, Daniel

161

Intercultural Competence in Health Care Developing Skills for Interculturally Competent Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

major challenge for today's health care providers around most of the world is that culturally diverse groups comprise the largest growing segment of the patient population. Individual health care choices and outcomes must be understandable to patients in terms of their own culture and experience. Thus, health care workers are faced with the need to develop intercultural competencies that allow

Rohini Anand; Indra Lahiri

162

Maturationally-Constrained Competence-Based Intrinsically Motivated Learning  

E-print Network

Maturationally-Constrained Competence-Based Intrinsically Motivated Learning Adrien Baranes conceptualized as active learning heuristics [8], these two kinds of approaches to intrinsic motivation typically the self-adaptive goal generation algorithm (SAGG), instantiating an intrinsically motivated goal

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

163

Carroll County Competency Based Teacher Certification Project. Librarian's Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reference materials, slides, cassettes, books, pamphlets, materials from other states, and articles used in the Carroll County, Georgia, Competency Based Teacher Certification Project, 1973-74, are listed. Brief annotations are included for both the reference materials and articles. (MJM)

Coker, Homer; Coker, Joan G.

164

From task-based to competency-based : A typology and process supporting a critical HRM transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Organizational effectiveness today depends largely on the ability to activate, share and transform the intellectual capital of the company into sustainable and difficult-to-imitate competitive advantage. This paper seeks to develop a competency typology that integrates previous definitions and frameworks from the literature and to propose a methodology for identifying competencies to aid the transition from a task-based to

Klas Eric Soderquist; Alexandros Papalexandris; George Ioannou; Gregory Prastacos

2010-01-01

165

A Delphi study to construct a CanMEDS competence based inventory applicable for workplace assessment  

PubMed Central

Background During workplace based learning students develop professional competences and an appropriate performance. To gain insight in the learning process and to evaluate competences and performance, assessment tools are essential and need to be of good quality. We aimed to construct a competence inventory applicable as an instrument to measure the content validity of workplace based assessment tools, such as portfolio. Methods A Delphi study was carried out based on the CanMEDS Roles Framework. In three rounds, experts (N?=?25–30) were invited to score the key competences per CanMEDS role on relevance (6-point Likert-scale), and to comment on the content and formulation bearing in mind its use in workplace based assessment. A descriptive analysis of relevances and comments was performed. Results Although all competences were scored as relevant, many comments pointed at a lack of concrete, transparent and applicable descriptions of the key competences for the purpose of assessment. Therefore, the CanMEDS roles were reformulated in this Delphi procedure as concrete learning outcomes, observable and suitable for workplace based assessment. Conclusions A competence based inventory, ready for validating workplace based assessment tools, was constructed using a Delphi procedure and based on a clarification and concretisation of the CanMEDS roles. PMID:22973829

2012-01-01

166

Learning and Innovation Competence in Agricultural and Rural Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The fields of competence development and capacity development remain isolated in the scholarship of learning and innovation despite the contemporary focus on innovation systems thinking in agricultural and rural development. This article aims to address whether and how crossing the conventional boundaries of these two fields provide new…

Pant, Laxmi Prasad

2012-01-01

167

Exploring the Validity and Robustness of a Competency Self-Report Instrument for Vocational and Higher Competence-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on the effectiveness of competence-based education (CB-education) across educational contexts and levels requires a new evaluation measurement. This study explores the face validity, construct validity, and robustness of a competency self-report instrument that is aligned with contemporary competence theory and with current educational…

Khaled, Anne E.; Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Tobi, Hilde; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Oonk, Carla; Mulder, Martin

2014-01-01

168

PSYCHOTHERAPY-BASED SUPERVISION MODELS IN AN EMERGING COMPETENCY-BASED ERA: A COMMENTARY  

Microsoft Academic Search

As psychology engages in a cultural shift to competency-based education and training supervision practice is being transformed to the use of competency frames and the application of benchmark competencies. In this issue, psychotherapy-based models of supervision are conceptualized in a competency framework. This paper reflects on the translation of key components of each psychotherapy-based supervision approach in terms of foundational

CAROL A. FALENDER; EDWARD P. SHAFRANSKE

2010-01-01

169

[Mindfulness and the development of professional health competence in nursing].  

PubMed

Health competence is not only a requirement for personal health action; it is also a condition for professionalisation of health promotion. Health promotion has meanwhile become a well recognised part of nursing. This is the reason why in this study the term "health competence", which is actually very much discussed in health sciences, is presented. This concept is knowledge based (health literacy). It is focused on the ability to read, understand and work with health information to be able to do decisions in daily life which are positive for the health. An experienced-based understanding, which focuses on the ability to feel and to perceive and which is regarded as a precondition of self care, is added to this knowledge-based understanding of "health competence". The concept for this interpretation is the "Leibkonzept" which has already been discussed as a fruitful concept in nursing science in other publications. PMID:21789765

Brieskorn-Zinke, Marianne

2011-08-01

170

Social Competency and New Product Development Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have fruitfully investigated the suc- cess factors of new product development. Most of these studies explored the phenomenon from the firm\\/team level. Little has been done from the perspective of how individuals within new prod- uct teams contribute to new product development (NPD) and its performance. Yet, any organizational output should be imputable to specific individuals, and understanding

Jifeng Mu; Gengmiao Zhang; Douglas L. MacLachlan

2011-01-01

171

Personal Development Competency Project Professional Services  

E-print Network

36 Learning resources: a professional's toolkit 53 The PDP Support Centre 54 Learning Styles 54 provision will need to become more flexible and take account of individual learning styles and circumstances. · Learning and development system Staff Learning and Development (SLD) offer a number of courses aimed

Bearhop, Stuart

172

The Development of Community Competence in the Teacher Education Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers are expected to frequently collaborate within teacher communities in schools. This requires teacher education to prepare student teachers by developing the necessary community competence. The present study empirically investigates the extent to which teacher education programmes pay attention to and aim to stimulate the development of…

Dobber, Marjolein; Vandyck, Inne; Akkerman, Sanne; Graaff, Rick de; Beishuizen, Jos; Pilot, Albert; Verloop, Nico; Vermunt, Jan

2013-01-01

173

Development of Entry-Level Competence Tests: A Strategy for Evaluation of Vocational Education Training Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developing countries such as Malaysia and Oman have recently established occupational standards based on core work processes (functional clusters of work objects, activities and performance requirements), to which competencies (performance determinants) can be linked. While the development of work-process-based occupational standards is supposed…

Schutte, Marc; Spottl, Georg

2011-01-01

174

Robot Competence Development by Constructive Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a constructive learning approach for developing sensor-motor mapping in autonomous systems. The system's adaptation to environment changes is discussed and three methods are proposed to deal with long term and short term changes. The proposed constructive learning allows autonomous systems to develop network topology and adjust network parameters. The approach is supported by findings from psychology and neuroscience especially during infants cognitive development at early stages. A growing radial basis function network is introduced as a computational substrate for sensory-motor mapping learning. Experiments are conducted on a robot eye/hand coordination testbed and results show the incremental development of sensory-motor mapping and its adaptation to changes such as in tool-use.

Meng, Q.; Lee, M. H.; Hinde, C. J.

175

Robot Competence Development by Constructive Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a constructive learning approach for developing sensor-motor mapping in autonomous systems. The system’s adaptation to environment changes is discussed and three methods are proposed to deal with long term and short term changes. The proposed constructive learning allows autonomous systems to develop network topology and adjust network parameters. The approach is supported by findings from psychology and neuroscience especially during infants cognitive development at early stages. A growing radial basis function network is introduced as a computational substrate for sensory-motor mapping learning. Experiments are conducted on a robot eye/hand coordination testbed and results show the incremental development of sensory-motor mapping and its adaptation to changes such as in tool-use.

Meng, Q.; Lee, M. H.; Hinde, C. J.

176

DEVELOPING INTERCULTURAL COMPETENCIES DURING HISTORY CLASS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to present some good practices for integrating Intercultural Education in History class. The activities presented in the article are developed during the ICTime course in Seixal, Portugal. In the case of Portugal the cultural identity of our country results from an amalgam of other cultures, who Portugal has contacted with, namely in the period

Vitor Costa; Joaquim Saial; Irene Castro; Fátima Pita

2009-01-01

177

The Development of Competent Marketing Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of transition from university undergraduate to business professional is a crucial stage in the development of a business career. This study examines both graduate and employer perspectives on the essential skills and knowledge needed by marketing professionals to successfully perform their roles. From in-depth interviews with 14…

Walker, Ian; Tsarenko, Yelena; Wagstaff, Peter; Powell, Irene; Steel, Marion; Brace-Govan, Jan

2009-01-01

178

Nine Constructs of Cultural Competence for Curriculum Development  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the self-administered Clinical Cultural Competency Questionnaire (CCCQ) and assess the perceived level of cultural competence of students in Xavier University of Louisiana College of Pharmacy to guide curriculum development within the 4-year academic program. Methods The CCCQ was administrated to each class of pharmacy students during spring 2009. Exploratory factor analysis with principal components and varimax rotation was conducted to build the constructs explaining the factors measuring students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Results Nine factors, including 46 items extracted from the CCCQ and explaining 79% of the total variance, were found as the best fit to measure students' self-assessment of cultural competence. Conclusions The CCCQ was found to be a practical, valid, and reliable self-assessment instrument to measure the perceived level of pharmacy students' knowledge, skills, attitudes, and encounters in cross-cultural environments. The questionnaire allowed the identification of students' needs for training in cultural competence and the development of a curriculum tailored to satisfy those needs. PMID:21436922

Brookover, Cecile; Kennedy, Kathleen

2010-01-01

179

Competency Based Training. How To Do It--for Trainers. A Guide for Teachers and Trainers on Approaches to Competency Based Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet, which is intended for vocational educators/trainers in Australia, explains the principles and techniques of competency-based training (CBT). The following topics are discussed in the first 10 sections: the decision to adopt CBT in Australia; the meaning of competency; teaching and learning to become competent (competency standards as…

Worsnop, Percy J.

180

Competence-based education: learning disability nursing in Wales.  

PubMed

A new era of nursing education has begun in Wales during 2012 based on new standards for pre-registration nursing education published by the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC). While the article focuses on pre-registration learning disability nursing education, the NMC standards can also be used for adult, mental health and children's nursing education. Partnership working across Wales has resulted in the development of nationally agreed common elements relating to students' ongoing record of achievement of practice competence, student selection and recruitment principles, a generic educational audit format and student evaluation. Details of the NMC standards are provided, with particular examples of their implementation in learning disability nursing education across Wales. PMID:23243819

Cassidy, Simon

181

Talent management – competency development: key to global leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to draw lessons on how building a talent management strategy based on competency profiling becomes a critical impact area within the field of strategic HRM. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The case study discusses an Indian pharmaceutical organisation, the environment and the issues arising in context to talent management. The case discusses a well designed

Rakesh Sharma; Jyotsna Bhatnagar

2009-01-01

182

Generative Adaptation and Reuse of Competence Development Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional engineering provides methods to conduct the design and adaptation of competence development programmes by the combination of diverse learning components (i.e. units of learning, learning activities, learning resources and learning services). It occurs through an established process workflow in which models with diverse levels of…

Dodero, Juan Manuel; Zarraonandia, Telmo; Fernandez, Camino; Diez, David

2007-01-01

183

Bilingual Competence and Bilingual Proficiency in Child Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When two or more languages are part of a child's world, we are presented with a rich opportunity to learn something about language in general and about how the mind works. In this book, Norbert Francis examines the development of bilingual proficiency and the different kinds of competence that come together in making up its component parts. In…

Francis, Norbert

2011-01-01

184

Developing Addition and Regrouping Competence among Second Grade Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the concrete-representational-abstract (CRA) teaching sequence with integrated strategy instruction for developing addition with regrouping competence among students with learning difficulties in mathematics. A total of 16 lessons were provided to 24 students during a six-week…

Miller, Susan P.; Kaffar, Bradley J.

2011-01-01

185

Peer Advising: An Opportunity for Leadership and Competency Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer advising is one model for delivering advising services. This article describes peer advising in the Human Service Program at the University of Tennessee. Students who serve as peer advisors provide a needed service, contribute to the human service program through their leadership, and benefit from developing competence consistent within the…

Diambra, Joel F.

2003-01-01

186

Performing Japanese Business Culture: Developing Sociolinguistic Competence through "Application Performance."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Application Performance," a supplemental drill in the Japanese language program at Oregon State University, is described as a way to develop students' communicative competence. The approach is a type of role play, with pairs of students preparing a dialogue according to a situation provided by the instructor and then performed in class.…

Nakajima, Setsuko

187

Expertise, Competence and Reflection in the Rhetoric of Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the rhetorical work done by discourses of professional development in education. In particular it outlines the ways in which the rhetoric of technical expertise, competence and reflective practice are deployed to mobilise professional practices and identities in particular ways and position certain practices and dispositions…

Edwards, Richard; Nicoll, Katherine

2006-01-01

188

Credibility and Competence: Key Characteristics of Development Communicators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Agricultural extension systems in the developing countries have, with few exceptions, failed to increase agricultural productivity adequately. Many of the change agent failures can be traced to their lack of credibility. They are not trusted or respected because farmers have learned that many are not technically competent. Good agricultural…

Byrnes, Francis C.

189

Developing Literacy and Literacy Competence: Challenges for Foreign Language Departments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter provides a dialogue between two teachers that challenges philosophical and practical divisions both inside and outside the academy regarding the development of literacy and literary competence in foreign language departments. It also describes curricular revisions at their institution that address those divisions. One teacher crafts…

Byrnes, Heidi; Kord, Susanne

190

Motivating Law Students to Develop Competent Legal Research Skills  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results of a recent survey indicate that most law students do not consider learning legal research skills important. This article addresses ways in which academic law librarians can help counter negative attitudes toward legal research. The article also contains suggestions for helping motivate law students to develop competent legal research skills. The author encourages academic law librarians to assert

Kory D. Staheli

1995-01-01

191

Barclay's Approach To Developing and Measuring Competence via Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Training Development Group of Barclays Bank (United Kingdom) was formed in 1989 to design cost effective training for the banks employees. Describes the bank's "systems approach" to training design: the training needs analysis, identification of performance competences, determination of behavioral objectives, selection of instructional…

Christian-Carter, Judith

1992-01-01

192

The Challenges in Developing VET Competencies in E-Commerce.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A formative evaluation was begun of an innovative project funded by the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) to develop competencies and qualifications in e-commerce. The formative evaluation was designed to focus on inputs, processes, and interim outputs, identifying both good practice and areas for improvement. Findings to date…

Mitchell, John

193

Developing Psychiatric Competence during Medical Education and Internship: Contributing Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study describes the learning process in psychiatry of medical students through their clerkship and internship, It focused upon the development of students' attitudes to psychiatry, subjective psychiatric competence and self-confidence. The relationships between the participants' background, aspects of the learning environment, their attitudes…

Hoifodt, Tordis Sorensen; Olstad, Reidun; Sexton, Hal

2007-01-01

194

Introducing competency-based postgraduate medical training: gains and losses  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The purpose of this study is to explore the gains and losses, from the trainees’ perspective, that occur when replacing process-oriented basic medical training with competency-based training and to explore whether competency-based training can justify a reduction in clinical training. Methods We performed a national cross-sectional survey of attitudes of Danish doctors who had completed either the old process-oriented 18-month training period (n=671) or the new competency-based 12-month training period (n=547). A total of 1218 doctors were included and 792 of them completed an online survey, yielding a response rate of 65%. Results Trainees of the old process-oriented programme (53%) felt more ready to continue medical training than the doctors (84%) who followed the new and shorter competency-based programme. The differences was statistically significant (t (790) = 11.16; p<0.0001). The latter group did not feel the competency-based programme improved the learning environment. Some trainees reported that learning objectives seem to optimize their learning within defined learning frames. They valued a curriculum that should not only contain learning objectives but that should also ensure relevant learning opportunities, providing sufficient time for learning and useful feedback. Conclusions It is unlikely that a competency-based curriculum can justify a significant reduction in the time spent on clinical training. The learning approaches and the amount of time that we dedicate to training are important. Implementation of a new curriculum requires a substantial effort.

Kodal, Troels; Shaughnessy, Allen F.; Qvesel, Dorte

2011-01-01

195

WebSAT: A Web-based Competency Self-Assessment System Linking to Educational Resources  

PubMed Central

We describe a web-based system that enables an individual to assess him/her self against the set of competencies required for a variety of roles in the area of Applied Health Informatics (AHI). The competencies themselves were developed by a multi-disciplinary team under the auspices of the Canadian Institute for Health Research (CIHR), and include the knowledge, skills, and experience necessary to fulfill specific roles as an applied health informatician. Both textual and graphical information is presented to the user and potential mechanisms for correcting competency gaps are presented in this online interactive system. PMID:17238325

Covvey, H.D.; Fenton, S.; Mulholland, D.; Young, K.

2006-01-01

196

Examining human resources' efforts to develop a culturally competent workforce.  

PubMed

The increasing diversification of the nation's population poses significant challenges in providing care that meets the needs of culturally diverse patients. Human resource management plays a vital role in developing a more culturally competent workforce. This exploratory study examines current efforts by human resource directors (HRDs) in Alabama's general hospitals to recruit more diverse candidates, train staff, and make language access resources available. A questionnaire was developed based on the Office of Minority Health's Culturally and Linguistically Appropriate Services standards. The HRDs of the 101 Alabama general hospitals served as the study's target population. A sample of 61 responses, or 60.4% of the population, was obtained. The findings indicate that most HRDs are focusing their efforts on recruiting racially/ethnically diverse candidates and training clerical and nursing staff to care for culturally and linguistically diverse patients. Less effort is being focused on recruiting candidates who speak a different language, and only 44.3% have a trained interpreter on the staff. The HRDs who indicated that they work closely with organizations that provide support to diverse groups were more likely to recruit diverse employees and have racially/ethnically and linguistically diverse individuals in leadership positions. It is crucial that health care organizations take the necessary steps to diversify their workforce to broaden access, improve the quality and equity of care, and capture a greater market share. PMID:20436328

Whitman, Marilyn V; Valpuesta, Domingo

2010-01-01

197

Toward the Development and Validation of a Career Coach Competency Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The career coaching profession is a dynamic field that has grown over the last decade. However, there exists a limitation to this field's development, as there is no universally accepted definition or empirically based competencies. There were three phases to the study. In the first phase, a conceptual model was developed that highlights four…

Hatala, John-Paul; Hisey, Lee

2011-01-01

198

Design of the Accounting Course Focusing on the Development of Competences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this work is to develop a proposal for a methodology in the university environment that enables us to design our course with an approach based on the development and acquisition of competences within the framework of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), allowing a transition from a model focused on teaching to a model focused on…

Ciudad-Gomez, Adelaida

2011-01-01

199

Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project--Final Report. Executive Summary [and] Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project: Final Report on House Bill 1909  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the following: (1) Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project--Final Report. Executive Summary (January 2006); and (2) Competency-Based Transfer Pilot Project: Final Report on House Bill 1909 (January 2005). In 2003, the legislature and governor enacted House Bill 1909 to create a pilot project on competency-based transfer…

Washington Higher Education Coordinating Board, 2006

2006-01-01

200

Education Reform and Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The core purpose of this paper is to describe a new educational paradigm as well as possible directions and tasks for education reform in the 21st century. The present-day education system has failed to nurture the kind of creative people who can play leading roles in development or to produce citizens of a good character and democratic…

Moon, Yong-lin

2007-01-01

201

Competency-Based Education and Training. Myths and Realities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proponents of competency-based education and training (CBET) promote it as a way to improve the correspondence between education/training and workplace requirements. CBET's opponents consider it excessively reductionist, narrow, and rigid, as well as theoretically, empirically, and pedagogically unsound. The following are among the issues…

Kerka, Sandra

202

The Grade Debate. Should We Grade Competency-Based Assessment?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The extent of and attitudes toward competency-based assessment in Australia's technical and further education (TAFE) sector were examined in a five-phase study that included the following activities: preliminary literature review and structured interviews with individuals/groups selected for their expertise in training in public and private…

Thomson, Peter; And Others

203

Competencies of expert web-based instruction designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based instruction has been increasingly accepted in education, business and industry, military and government, healthcare and other sectors as a dominant means to deliver instruction beyond time and geographical constraints. However, the overall quality of WBI courses or programs remains a concern. The reasons for the ineffectiveness can be many, of which is the lack of sufficient competencies and skills

Yonghui Chen

2012-01-01

204

Competencies of expert Web-based instruction designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web-based instruction has been increasingly accepted in education, business and industry, military and government, healthcare and other sectors as a dominant means to deliver instruction beyond time and geographical constraints. However, the overall quality of WBI courses or programs remains a concern. The reasons for the ineffectiveness can be many, of which is the lack of sufficient competencies and skills

Yonghui Chen

2012-01-01

205

Competency-Based Education: Some Problems and Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article reviews the characteristics generally identified as common to competency-based education and offers planning suggestions for teachers: (1) prestated and published performance objectives, (2) accountability, (3) personalized and individualized instruction, and (4) delivery systems, which provide several modes of instruction pertinent to…

McArdle, Richard; Moskovis, L. Michael

1978-01-01

206

Auto Body Repair--Student Material. Competency Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student manual is part of the competency based education curriculum for students training in auto body repair. The manual contains learning modules in eight areas; (1) occupational information, (2) trim and accessories, (3) glass, (4) painting and refinishing, (5) metal work, (6) body alignment, (7) frame work, and (8) estimating. Within each…

Radio Corp. of America, Palo Alto, CA. Education Systems.

207

A Competency-Based Marriage of School and Model Stores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the trend toward the use of competency-based model/school stores in teaching entry-level job skills to distributive education students. A model/school store curriculum is described and illustrations of model store use in the classroom, laboratory, and in Distributive Education Clubs of America (DECA) are provided. (SH)

Strate, James

1977-01-01

208

High School Art Education Guide. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arranged into 26 sections, this curriculum guide provides high school teachers with a competency based approach to teaching art education. Following a statement of appreciation, the philosophy and goals for art education in Maryland are presented. An excerpt from Edmund Feldman's "Varieties of Visual Experience" discusses aesthetic expression.…

Frederick County Public Schools, MD.

209

Discipline, Governmentality and 25 Years of Competency-Based Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the many critiques of competency-based approaches to education and training (CBT) is a strain which draws on Foucault's analysis of "disciplinary" power and knowledge. Foucault offered an interpretation of modern institutions, such as prisons, armies and schools, which revealed subtle mechanisms of surveillance and systems of knowledge that…

Hodge, Steven; Harris, Roger

2012-01-01

210

Competence-Based Knowledge Structures for Personalised Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based extensions of Knowledge Space Theory are suggested as a formal framework for implementing key features of personalised learning in technology-enhanced learning. The approach links learning objects and assessment problems to the relevant skills that are taught or required. Various ways to derive these skills from domain ontologies…

Heller, Jurgen; Steiner, Christina; Hockemeyer, Cord; Albert, Dietrich

2006-01-01

211

Teacher's Guide for Competency Based Core Curriculum for Health Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is intended to acompany the Competency Based Core Curriculum for Health Occupations student materials--see note. Contents include suggested tests and answer keys for student evaluation and a tool and equipment list. A comprehensive bibliography is organized into these topics: dental hygiene, medical laboratory technology,…

Meckley, Richard; And Others

212

Proceedings of the Conference on Competency-Based Training (Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, November 27-29, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains summaries of five workshops, each with several speakers, held at a conference on competency-based training (CBT) in Australia. The following are included in Session 1, Developing and Delivering CBT Programs: "Developing and Delivering CBT Programs--Opening Speech" (Steve McDonald); "Competency Standards and the CBT System"…

Carey, Cristene, Ed.

213

Competence Development in the Public Sector: Development, or Dismantling of Professionalism?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For more than a decade, competence development has been a key concept of modern management in both the private and the public sector, but to some extent its meaning and practice have been different in the two sectors. In the public sector in particular, competence development has been closely related to a number of other buzzwords characterizing…

Hjort, Katrin

2008-01-01

214

A single competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce: discussing the potential value add.  

PubMed

This brief discusses the policy implications of a research study commissioned by Health Workforce Australia (HWA) within its health workforce innovation and reform work program. The project explored conceptually complex and operationally problematic concepts related to developing a whole-of-workforce competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce and culminated with the production of three reports published by HWA. The project raised important queries as to whether such a concept is desirable, feasible or implementable - in short what is the potential value add and is it achievable? In setting the scene for discussion, the foundation of the project's genesis and focus of the study are highlighted. A summary of key definitions related to competency-based education and training frameworks and competency-based career frameworks are provided to further readers' commonality of understanding. The nature of the problem to be solved is explored and the potential value-add for the Australian health workforce and its key constituents proposed. The paper concludes by discussing relevance and feasibility issues within Australia's current and changing healthcare context along with the essential steps and implementation realities that would need to be considered and actioned if whole-of-workforce frameworks were to be developed and implemented. PMID:25279384

Brownie, Sharon Mary; Thomas, Janelle

2014-09-01

215

A single competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce: discussing the potential value add  

PubMed Central

This brief discusses the policy implications of a research study commissioned by Health Workforce Australia (HWA) within its health workforce innovation and reform work program. The project explored conceptually complex and operationally problematic concepts related to developing a whole-of-workforce competency-based education and training and competency-based career framework for the Australian health workforce and culminated with the production of three reports published by HWA. The project raised important queries as to whether such a concept is desirable, feasible or implementable – in short what is the potential value add and is it achievable? In setting the scene for discussion, the foundation of the project’s genesis and focus of the study are highlighted. A summary of key definitions related to competency-based education and training frameworks and competency-based career frameworks are provided to further readers’ commonality of understanding. The nature of the problem to be solved is explored and the potential value-add for the Australian health workforce and its key constituents proposed. The paper concludes by discussing relevance and feasibility issues within Australia’s current and changing healthcare context along with the essential steps and implementation realities that would need to be considered and actioned if whole-of-workforce frameworks were to be developed and implemented.

Brownie, Sharon Mary; Thomas, Janelle

2014-01-01

216

Competency Based Curriculum. Pre-Vocational Business & Office Cluster. One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is the first part of a two-part volume developed to assist those who are engaged in implementing prevocational exploration programs concerned with business and office occupations. It consists of experiential learning pacs that sample a variety of competencies performed by various workers employed in the business and office…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

217

The Bases of Competence. Skills for Lifelong Learning and Employability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, which is intended primarily for instructional development specialists, academic leaders, and faculty members in all types of postsecondary institutions, explains what skills and competencies students need to succeed in today's workplace and details how colleges and universities can strengthen the curriculum to cultivate those skills in…

Evers, Frederick T.; Rush, James C.; Berdrow, Iris

218

Developing and implementing core competencies for integrative medicine fellowships.  

PubMed

The Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine defines integrative medicine as "the practice of medicine that reaffirms the importance of the relationship between practitioner and patient, focuses on the whole person, is informed by evidence, and makes use of all appropriate therapeutic approaches, health care professionals, and disciplines to achieve optimal health and healing." Over the past three decades, the U.S. public increasingly has sought integrative medicine approaches. In an effort to train medical professionals to adequately counsel patients on the safe and appropriate use of these approaches, medical schools and residencies have developed curricula on integrative medicine for their trainees. In addition, integrative medicine clinical fellowships for postresidency physicians have emerged to provide training for practitioners interested in gaining greater expertise in this emerging field. Currently, 13 clinical fellowships in integrative medicine exist in the United States, and they are predominantly connected to academic medical centers or teaching affiliate hospitals. In 2010, the Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Integrative Medicine, represented by 56 member academic health care institutions with a shared commitment to advance the principles and practices of integrative medicine, convened a two-year task force to draft integrative medicine fellowship core competencies. These competencies would guide fellowship curriculum development and ensure that graduates possessed a common body of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. In this article, the authors discuss the competencies and the task force's process to develop them, as well as associated teaching and assessment methods, faculty development, potential barriers, and future directions. PMID:24448047

Ring, Melinda; Brodsky, Marc; Low Dog, Tieraona; Sierpina, Victor; Bailey, Michelle; Locke, Amy; Kogan, Mikhail; Rindfleisch, James A; Saper, Robert

2014-03-01

219

Development of socio-emotional competence in bonobos  

PubMed Central

Social and emotional skills are tightly interlinked in human development, and both are negatively impacted by disrupted social development. The same interplay between social and emotional skills, including expressions of empathy, has received scant attention in other primates however, despite the growing interest in caring, friendships, and the fitness benefits of social skills. Here we examine the development of socio-emotional competence in juvenile bonobos (Pan paniscus) at a sanctuary in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, focusing on the interplay between various skills, including empathy-related responding. Most subjects were rehabilitated orphans, but some were born at the sanctuary and mother-reared there. We observed how juveniles with different rearing backgrounds responded to stressful events, both when the stress affected themselves (e.g., a lost fight) or others (e.g., witnessing the distress of others). The main dependent variable was the consolation of distressed parties by means of calming body contact. As in children, consolation was predicted by overall social competence and effective emotion regulation, as reflected in the speed of recovery from self-distress and behavioral measures of anxiety. Juveniles more effective at self-regulation were more likely to console others in distress, and such behavior was more typical of mother-reared juveniles than orphans. These results highlight the interplay between the development of social and emotional skills in our ape relatives and the importance of the mother–offspring bond in shaping socio-emotional competence. PMID:24127600

Clay, Zanna; de Waal, Frans B. M.

2013-01-01

220

The ABCs for pre?service teacher cultural competency development  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an effort to combine pre?service teachers' self?reflection with their field experiences to enhance their cultural competency, this study adopted Schmidt's ABC's (Autobiography, Biography, and Cross?cultural Comparison) Model in two courses in a pre?service teacher education program. Through group comparisons, this study measured the impact that self?reflection combining autobiography, field experiences involving the writing of student biographies, and field?based reflection

Ye He; Jewell E. Cooper

2009-01-01

221

The development of core competencies for palliative care educators.  

PubMed

This article outlines the conceptual thinking and development of core competencies for a palliative care educator. It is suggested that the process of defining a common core of key skills, personal qualities and attributes that reflect the unique role of a palliative care educator can provide an indicator of the diversity and complexity of this role, which can be used by the educator and employer in job planning, review and professional development. It can also potentially inform pay remuneration that is commensurate with both experience and responsibilities. For employers there is the opportunity to use the core competencies in the appointment of suitably able educators above and beyond the requirements of a standard job description. PMID:18018817

Becker, Robert

2007-08-01

222

Occupational Home Economics Education Series. Window Treatment Services. Competency Based Teaching Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module, one of ten competency based modules developed for vocational home economics teachers, is based on a job cluster in window treatment services. It can be used for various types of learners such as the handicapped, slowlearners, high school students, and adults including senior citizens. Focusing on the specific job title of window…

Lowe, Phyllis; And Others

223

A structured competency based training programme for junior trainees in emergency medicine: the "Dundee Model"  

PubMed Central

Recent changes in medical training prompted by Modernising Medical Careers and the New Deal requires a more structured, competency based training programme. This paper describes the development of such a programme in an emergency medicine department of a teaching hospital. It describes the process of design and the various aspects incorporated to develop a balanced system of training, appraisal, and assessment. PMID:16373797

Cook, R J; Pedley, D K; Thakore, S

2006-01-01

224

Kentucky's Early Childhood Professional Development Initiative to Promote Social-Emotional Competence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the Kentucky Initiative for Social Skill and Emotional Development which provides annual training and technical assistance to build early childhood programs' capacity to deliver practices known to promote social and emotional competency. The initiative is based on the 3-tiered Positive Behavior Support model that teaches educators to both prevent and intervene with challenging behaviors. The training and

Elizabeth M. McLaren; Phyllis J. Hall; Pamela Fox

2009-01-01

225

A Classroom of Her Own: How New Teachers Develop Instructional, Professional, and Cultural Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, a commentary on becoming a teacher, presents a set of essays based on observations of a group of young, white, middle class female teachers learning what it means to be alone at the head of the classroom. It presents a textured picture of the development of competence. The picture is organized around the complications of ordinary life…

Cattani, Dana Haight

226

Developing Sexual Competence? Exploring Strategies for the Provision of Effective Sexualities and Relationships Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School-based sexualities and relationships education (SRE) offers one of the most promising means of improving young people's sexual health through developing "sexual competence". In the absence of evidence on whether the term holds the same meanings for young people and adults (e.g. teachers, researchers, policy-makers), the paper explores…

Hirst, Julia

2008-01-01

227

Secondary-Postsecondary Curriculum Development in Automotive Mechanics. Automotive Electrical Competencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as part of a competency-based curriculum in automotive mechanics which is usable by students at both the secondary and postsecondary levels, this learning package focuses on automotive electrical systems. It is the first unit to be published in a series of eight which will cover the eight subject areas on the national certification…

Hoepner, Ronald

228

Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs—Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

This document is a summarization of the report, Developing Secure Power Systems Professional Competence: Alignment and Gaps in Workforce Development Programs, the final report for phase 2 of the SPSP (DOE workforce study) project.

O'Neil, Lori Ross; Assante, Michael; Tobey, D. H.; Conway, T. J.; Vanderhorst, Jr, T. J.; Januszewski, III, J.; Leo, R.; Perman, K.

2013-07-01

229

Development of Cultural Competence in Experienced Physical Therapists: Exploring the Influence of  

E-print Network

Development of Cultural Competence in Experienced Physical Therapists: Exploring the Influence of Patient-Centered Attitudes Introduction Department of Physical Therapy & Human Movement Sciences the history. (PT 10) For all participants, experiential learning influenced development of cultural competence

Chisholm, Rex L.

230

Development of a multidisciplinary course in cultural competence for nursing and human service professions.  

PubMed

A multidisciplinary teaching model was used to develop a pilot course for students in the human service professions of nursing, education, and social work to gain additional knowledge and skills in providing diverse clients with culturally appropriate services during field and clinical experiences. This article focuses on the process of developing a multidisciplinary course in cultural competence that is consistent with a university mission to prepare students for leadership and service in an increasingly diverse society. Using the theoretical framework of Campinha-Bacote's process of cultural competence and the six developmental stages of intercultural competence in Bennett's developmental model of intercultural sensitivity, the course content covered the five components of cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, cultural skills, cultural encounters, and cultural desire. Students' written reflections indicated growth in acquisition of cultural knowledge, skills, and desire. Faculty collaboration across disciplines included the benefits of an enriched knowledge base and shared scholarship. PMID:19645371

Munoz, Cora C; DoBroka, Cheryl Conrad; Mohammad, Saleem

2009-09-01

231

Competency-Based Approaches: Linking Theory and Practice in Professional Education with Particular Reference to Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paul Hager and I worked on a large number of research projects and publications throughout the 1990s. The focus of this work was on developing a competency-based approach to professional education and assessment. I review this work and its impact over the years. Notwithstanding the fact that most professional associations today have a competency

Gonczi, Andrew

2013-01-01

232

Evaluating Assessment Quality in Competence-Based Education: A Qualitative Comparison of Two Frameworks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because learning and instruction are increasingly competence-based, the call for assessment methods to adequately determine competence is growing. Using just one single assessment method is not sufficient to determine competence acquisition. This article argues for Competence Assessment Programmes (CAPs), consisting of a combination of different…

Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Bastiaens, Theo J.; Kirschner, Paul A.; van der Vleuten, Cees P. M.

2007-01-01

233

Competencies for Financial Aid Officers: A Competency Model for Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Financial aid officers play a vital role in assisting prospective and current college students in enrolling and graduating from college. This study explores the competencies that financial aid officers need to be successful in their jobs. A survey of thirty competencies was distributed to 508 practicing financial aid officers in the Western United…

Woolf, Michael Neil

2012-01-01

234

Systems-based practice: the sixth core competency.  

PubMed

Systems-Based Practice (SBP) is the sixth competency defined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) Outcome Project. Specifically, SBP requires "Residents [to] demonstrate an awareness of and responsiveness to the larger context and system of health care and the ability to effectively call on system resources to provide care that is of optimal value." This competency can be divided into four subcompetencies, all of which are integral to training emergency medicine (EM) physicians: resources, providers, and systems; cost-appropriate care; delivery systems; and patient advocacy. In March 2002, the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors (CORD-EM) convened a consensus conference to assist residency directors in modifying the SBP competency specific for EM. The Consensus Group modified the broad ACGME definition for SBP into EM-specific goals and objectives for residency training in SBP. The primary assessment methods from the Toolbox of Assessment Methods were also identified for SBP. They are direct observation, global ratings, 360-degree evaluations, portfolio assessment, and testing by both oral and written exams. The physician tasks from the Model of the Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine that are most relevant to SBP are out-of-hospital care, modifying factors, legal/professional issues, diagnostic studies, consultation and disposition, prevention and education, multitasking, and team management. Suggested EM residency curriculum components for SBP are already in place in most residency programs, so no additional resources would be required for their implementation. These include: emergency medical services and administrative rotations, directed reading, various interdisciplinary and hospital committee participation, continuous quality improvement project participation, evidence-based medicine instruction, and various didactic experiences, including follow-up, interdisciplinary, and case conferences. With appropriate integration and evaluation of this competency into training programs, it is likely that future generations of physicians and patients will reap the benefits of an educational system that is based on well-defined outcomes and a more systemic view of health care. PMID:12414481

Dyne, Pamela L; Strauss, Robert W; Rinnert, Stephan

2002-11-01

235

Assessing competency in spasticity management: a method of development and assessment.  

PubMed

This project endeavored to create an educational module including methodology to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation residents in the evaluation and appropriate treatment of patients with spasticity and other sequelae of the upper motor neuron syndrome. It further sought to verify acquired competencies in spasticity management through objective evaluation methodology. A physical medicine and rehabilitation board-certified physician with 10 yrs clinical experience in spasticity management trained 16 residents using a standardized competency-based module. Assessment tools developed for this program address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. The 16 residents successfully demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module by the end of the Postgraduate Year 3 spasticity management rotation. Objective measures compared resident scores on an institution-specific standardized test administered before and after training. Resident proficiency in the skills and knowledge pertaining to spasticity management was objectively verified after completion of the standardized educational module. Validation of the assessment tool is evidenced by significantly improved postrotational institution-specific standardized test scores (mean pretest score, 61.1%; mean posttest score, 95.4%) as well as oral testing. In addition, the clinical development tool was validated by residents being individually observed performing skills and deemed competent by a board-certified physical medicine and rehabilitation physician specializing in spasticity management. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical skill area of spasticity management. PMID:22173081

Escaldi, Steven V; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Terzella, Matthew; Petagna, Ann Marie; Strax, Thomas E

2012-03-01

236

American Government. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on American government is divided into fourteen topics. The topics included are: definition of "State"; left to right political spectrum; Dictatorship vs. Democracy; Capitalism, Communism,…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

237

United States History. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Proejct.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on United States history is divided into twenty-four topics. The topics included are: Backgrounds of American Colonization; Colonial Life; Causes of the American Revolution; Creating a New…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

238

Potentials and Possibilities. Home Economics High School Competency Based Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum guide contains activities designed to stimulate critical thinking and develop challenge-resolving skills while strengthening the fundamental precepts of home economics education. The home economics content area has been divided into duties and tasks. In each task, a challenge activity forms the basis for achieving…

Montclair State Coll., Upper Montclair, NJ. Life Skills Center.

239

Competency Based Competitive Events. Integrating DECA into the DE Instructional Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to be integrated into a competency-based distributive education program, these competitive DECA (Distributive Education Clubs of America) events were developed, utilized, and evaluated by distributive education and cooperative education coordinators in Arkansas. These events are organized under the following occupational categories: food…

Cosgrove, Glenna; Moore, Harold W.

240

Competency Based Education Program. Final Report, June 1, 1978-November 30, 1979.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this competency-based education program is to help interested school districts implement, manage, and evaluate a comprehensive program at the high school level. The final report discusses the definition and collection of selective practices that have potential for further use; targeted development activities, including planning and…

Gourley, Robert N.

241

A Competency-Based Self-Paced Astronomy Course for Liberal Arts Students. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the final report of the activities performed in the development of an introductory astronomy course operated in a competency based mode. The objective was for the course to be completely opposite from one which emphasizes memorization of factual knowledge. Instead, the student was to be involved in activities where he or she…

Talbot, Raymond J., Jr.

242

Life Science. Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is one of ten curriculum guides developed by the Nevada Competency-Based Adult High School Diploma (CBAHSD) Project. This curriculum guide on life science is divided into twelve topics. The topics included are Life Process, Cells, Levels of Organization, Organ Systems, Food and Oxygen-Photosynthesis, Cycles, Energy, Resources, Cell…

Nevada Univ., Las Vegas. Coll. of Education.

243

Feature Based Modelling: A methodology for producing coherent, consistent, dynamically changing models of agents' competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feature Based Modelling uses attribute value machine learning techniques to model an agent's competency. This is achieved by creating a model describing the relationships between the features of the agent's actions and of the contexts in which those actions are performed. This paper describes techniques that have been developed for creating these models and for extracting key information therefrom. An

Geoffrey I. Webb; Mark Kuzmycz

1995-01-01

244

Development of Antimicrobial Competencies and Training for Staff Hospital Pharmacists  

PubMed Central

Antimicrobial stewardship is an important component in health care outcomes of all patients. Many institutions are seeking the best methods to incorporate antimicrobial stewardship strategies into their hospitals including pharmacy services. Multiple factors should be considered when beginning or expanding an antimicrobial stewardship program. The purpose of this article is to discuss the development of basic antibiotic competencies and training for staff pharmacists in a community hospital. The article includes an assessment of pharmacists’ knowledge pre education and post education, perception of benefits from an antibiotic education program, and learning needs and preferences. PMID:24421561

Crader, Marsha F.

2014-01-01

245

Unfolding multicourse case study: developing students' administrative competencies.  

PubMed

Providing students with learning opportunities that integrate disparate data into meaningful constructs can be a challenge for faculty. The author discusses an unfolding case study that provided simulated learning opportunities related to administrative student competencies, staged to increase in complexity and scope over time while affording multiple student evaluation opportunities. A hybrid delivery format was used, including Blackboard Learn e-technology, to support individual student assignments and small group collaboration, cloud technology for shared student document development, Excel budget manipulation, and face-to-face classroom interactions. PMID:24157671

Porter-Wenzlaffs, Linda J

2013-01-01

246

Emotional Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

The concept of emotional competence as a positive youth development construct is reviewed in this paper. Differences between emotional intelligence and emotional competence are discussed and an operational definition is adopted. Assessment methods of emotional competence with an emphasis on its quantitative nature are introduced. In the discussion of theories of emotional competence, the functionalist and developmental perspectives and the relationships with positive youth development are highlighted. Possible antecedents, especially the influence of early child-caregiver, and expected outcomes of emotional competence are examined. Practical ways to promote emotional competence among adolescents, particularly the role of parents and teachers, and the future direction of research are also discussed. PMID:22666176

Lau, Patrick S. Y.; Wu, Florence K. Y.

2012-01-01

247

Competence to Waive Interrogation Rights and Adjudicative Competence in Adolescent Defendants: Cognitive Development, Attorney Contact, and Psychological Symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is growing evidence of developmental differences in competency to waive interrogation rights and adjudicative\\u000a competence, the correlates of adolescents' legal capacities remain unclear. This study examined the relationship of legal\\u000a capacities to cognitive development, legal learning opportunities, and psychological symptoms. Participants were 152 male\\u000a and female defendants aged 11–17, who completed Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation

Jodi L. Viljoen; Ronald Roesch

2005-01-01

248

How Preschoolers' Social-Emotional Learning Predicts Their Early School Success: Developing Theory-Promoting, Competency-Based Assessments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting on positive trajectories at school entry is important for children's later academic success. Using partial least squares, we sought to specify interrelations among all theory-based components of social-emotional learning (SEL), and their ability to predict later classroom adjustment and academic readiness in a modelling context.…

Denham, Susanne A.; Bassett, Hideko H.; Zinsser, Katherine; Wyatt, Todd M.

2014-01-01

249

The process of developing and validating national core competencies for diabetes educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Core Competencies for Diabetes Educators were developed on behalf of the Australian Diabetes Educators Association between July 1994 and November 1995. This paper traces the development of the competencies including the rationale for undertaking the project, the process involved and the measures taken to ensure their relevance and validity. The limitations of applying the competency concept to health

Ruth Colagiuri; Jan Ritchie

1996-01-01

250

The Radar Graph: the Development of an Educational Tool to Demonstrate Resident Competency  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the movement toward competency-based assessment by accrediting bodies in recent years, there is no consensus on how to best assess medical competence. Direct observation is a useful tool. At the same time, a comprehensive assessment system based on direct observation has been difficult to develop. Intervention We developed a system that translates data obtained from checklists of observed behaviors completed during educational activities, including direct observation of clinical care, into a graphic tool (the “radar graph”) usable for both formative and summative assessment. Using unique, observable behaviors to evaluate levels of competency on the Dreyfus scale, we assessed resident performance in 6 learning sites within our residency. Data are represented on a radar graph, which residents and faculty used to recognize both strengths and areas for growth to guide educational planning for the individual learner. Results Initial data show that the radar graphs have construct validity because the development process accurately reflects the desired construct, assessors were adequately trained, and the radar graphs demonstrated resident growth over time. A form completion rate of 90% for >1500 disseminated assessments suggests the feasibility of our process. Conclusions The radar graph is a promising tool for use in resident feedback and competency assessment. Further research is needed to determine the full utility of the radar graphs, including a better understanding of the tool's reliability and construct validity. PMID:23730445

Keister, Drew M.; Larson, Daniel; Dostal, Julie; Baglia, Jay

2012-01-01

251

A Financial Aid Competency Model for Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explores the competencies that financial aid officers need to be successful in their jobs. A survey of 30 competencies was distributed to 508 financial aid officers in the Western United States. Respondents were asked to rate 30 job competencies for their relative importance and frequency of use. Using exploratory factor analysis,…

Woolf, Neil; Martinez, Mario

2013-01-01

252

Increasing School Success Through Partnership-Based Family Competency Training  

PubMed Central

An expanding body of research suggests an important role for parent or family competency training in children’s social-emotional learning and related school success. This article summarizes a test of a longitudinal model examining partnership-based family competency training effects on academic success in a general population. Specifically, it examines indirect effects of the Iowa Strengthening Families Program (ISFP) on school engagement in 8th grade and academic success in the 12th grade, through direct ISFP effects on intervention-targeted outcomes—parenting competencies and student substance-related risk—in 6th grade. Twenty-two rural schools were randomly assigned to either ISFP or a minimal-contact control group; data were collected from 445 families. Following examination of the equivalence of the measurement model across group and time, a structural equation modeling approach was used to test the hypothesized model and corresponding hypothesized structural paths. Significant effects of the ISFP were found on proximal intervention outcomes, intermediate school engagement, and the academic success of high school seniors. PMID:20376279

Spoth, Richard; Randall, G. Kevin; Shin, Chungyeol

2008-01-01

253

Designing the framework for competency-based master of public health programs in India.  

PubMed

Competency in the practice of public health is the implicit goal of education institutions that offer master of public health (MPH) programs. With the expanding number of institutions offering courses in public health in India, it is timely to develop a common framework to ensure that graduates are proficient in critical public health. Steps such as situation assessment, survey of public health care professionals in India, and national consultation were undertaken to develop a proposed competency-based framework for MPH programs in India. The existing curricula of all 23 Indian MPH courses vary significantly in content with regard to core, concentration, and crosscutting discipline areas and course durations. The competency or learning outcome is not well defined. The findings of the survey suggest that MPH graduates in India should have competencies ranging from monitoring of health problems and epidemics in the community, applying biostatistics in public health, conducting action research, understanding social and community influence on public health developing indicators and instruments to monitor and evaluate community health programs, developing proposals, and involving community in planning, delivery, and monitoring of health programs. Competency statements were framed and mapped with domains including epidemiology, biostatistics, social and behavioral sciences, health care system, policy, planning, and financing, and environmental health sciences and a crosscutting domain that include health communication and informatics, health management and leadership, professionalism, systems thinking, and public health biology. The proposed competency-based framework for Indian MPH programs can be adapted to meet the needs of diverse, unique programs. The framework ensures the uniqueness and diversity of individual MPH programs in India while contributing to measures of overall program success. PMID:23169401

Sharma, Kavya; Zodpey, Sanjay; Morgan, Alison; Gaidhane, Abhay; Syed, Zahiruddin Quazi; Kumar, Rajeev

2013-01-01

254

A Multicultural Competencies Approach to Developing Human Capital Management  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The globalisation phenomenon has been prevalent since the last decade of 20th century and remains a significant factor influencing both organisations and individuals today. Within a globalised business environment the effective management of multicultural aspects and differences has become imperative to ensure success. It is increasingly evident there is a need to develop a clear understanding of multicultural competencies in order to fully develop a strategic approach to human capital management (HCM). The adoption of a strategic approach is necessary to ensure a focus on the issues critical to success and competitive advantage including multicultural management, professional skills and knowledge management. This paper aims to identify the importance of intercultural management and the impact of globalisation upon international business.

Woolliscroft, Paul; Cagá?ová, Dagmar; ?ambál, Miloš; Šef?íková, Miriam; Kamenova, Joana Valery

2012-12-01

255

Medical Assisting Competencies. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains medical assisting competencies and competency-based performance objectives, learning activities, resources, and levels of achievement for each competency that were adapted and developed by instructors of medical assisting to suit the needs and legal parameters of Pennsylvania. The competencies and associated elements are…

Richards, Beverly; And Others

256

Competence-Based Approach in Value Chain Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is a gap between competence theory and value chain processes frameworks. While individually considered as core elements in contemporary management thinking, the integration of the two concepts is still lacking. We claim that this integration would allow for the development of more robust business models by structuring value chain activities around aspects such as capabilities and skills, as well as individual and organizational knowledge. In this context, the objective of this article is to reduce this gap and consequently open a field for further improvements of value chain processes frameworks.

Azevedo, Rodrigo Cambiaghi; D'Amours, Sophie; Rönnqvist, Mikael

257

Developing Performance Management Competence: An Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students' performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback,…

Mumford, Troy V.

2009-01-01

258

Developing Performance Management CompetenceAn Exercise Leveraging Video Technology and Multisource Feedback  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to competently manage employee performance is critical for students graduating with degrees in management. This article provides a competency development exercise (CDE) for use in graduate and undergraduate management courses to increase students’ performance management competence. The CDE includes providing employee feedback, disciplining employees, and conducting termination meetings. Procedures and assessment tools are provided for utilizing the exercise

Troy V. Mumford

2009-01-01

259

Developing the Emotional Competence of Teachers and Pupils in School Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper describes the evaluation of two training programmes, one targeted at teachers and the other at pupils, the aim of both being to improve personal and social well-being through the development of emotional competence (emotional awareness, emotional regulation, emotional autonomy, social competence and life competencies).…

Perez-Escoda, N.; Filella, G.; Alegre, A.; Bisquerra, R.

2012-01-01

260

Development and Initial Validation of Perceived Competence and Satisfaction Measures for Racquet Sports.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and initial validation of the Racquet Sports Competence-Satisfaction Scale for measuring perceived competence and satisfaction in badminton, racquetball, and tennis is described. Results of a review panel and two field tests (with 168 and 208 university students) support the validity of the competence and satisfaction measures.…

Aguilar, Teresita E.; Petrakis, Elizabeth

1989-01-01

261

Development and Validation of the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) Self-Report Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No self-report measure of cultural competence currently exists in program evaluation. Adapting items from cultural competence measures in fields such as counseling and nursing, the researchers developed the Cultural Competence of Program Evaluators (CCPE) self-report scale. The goals of this study were to validate the CCPE and to assess…

Dunaway, Krystall E.; Morrow, Jennifer A.; Porter, Bryan E.

2012-01-01

262

Temporal Fate Specification and Neural Progenitor Competence During Development  

PubMed Central

The vast diversity of neurons and glia of the central nervous system is generated from a small, heterogeneous population of progenitors that undergo transcriptional changes during development to sequentially specify distinct cell fates. Guided by cell intrinsic and temporal extrinsic cues, invertebrate and mammalian neural progenitors carefully regulate when and how many of each cell type is produced to form functional neural circuits. Emerging evidence indicates that neural progenitors also undergo changes in global chromatin architecture, thereby restricting the duration a particular temporal cue can act. Thus, studies of temporal identity specification and progenitor competence can provide insight into how we may use neural progenitors to more effectively generate specific cell types for brain repair. PMID:24400340

Kohwi, Minoree; Doe, Chris Q.

2014-01-01

263

Cultural Competence in Health Care: A Client-Based Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to the presence of health disparities among a diverse population of older adults, creating culturally competent health care services has emerged as a possible method to help reduce and eventually eliminate inequalities in health care. However, little information exists concerning the effectiveness of cultural competence, and even less is known about how culturally competent clients perceive their providers

Karon L. Phillips

2009-01-01

264

Programmatic assessment of competency-based workplace learning: when theory meets practice  

PubMed Central

Background In competency-based medical education emphasis has shifted towards outcomes, capabilities, and learner-centeredness. Together with a focus on sustained evidence of professional competence this calls for new methods of teaching and assessment. Recently, medical educators advocated the use of a holistic, programmatic approach towards assessment. Besides maximum facilitation of learning it should improve the validity and reliability of measurements and documentation of competence development. We explored how, in a competency-based curriculum, current theories on programmatic assessment interacted with educational practice. Methods In a development study including evaluation, we investigated the implementation of a theory-based programme of assessment. Between April 2011 and May 2012 quantitative evaluation data were collected and used to guide group interviews that explored the experiences of students and clinical supervisors with the assessment programme. We coded the transcripts and emerging topics were organised into a list of lessons learned. Results The programme mainly focuses on the integration of learning and assessment by motivating and supporting students to seek and accumulate feedback. The assessment instruments were aligned to cover predefined competencies to enable aggregation of information in a structured and meaningful way. Assessments that were designed as formative learning experiences were increasingly perceived as summative by students. Peer feedback was experienced as a valuable method for formative feedback. Social interaction and external guidance seemed to be of crucial importance to scaffold self-directed learning. Aggregating data from individual assessments into a holistic portfolio judgement required expertise and extensive training and supervision of judges. Conclusions A programme of assessment with low-stakes assessments providing simultaneously formative feedback and input for summative decisions proved not easy to implement. Careful preparation and guidance of the implementation process was crucial. Assessment for learning requires meaningful feedback with each assessment. Special attention should be paid to the quality of feedback at individual assessment moments. Comprehensive attention for faculty development and training for students is essential for the successful implementation of an assessment programme. PMID:24020944

2013-01-01

265

Criterion validity of a competency-based assessment center in medical education - a 4-year follow-up study  

PubMed Central

Introduction Core competencies have progressively gained importance in medical education. In other contexts, especially personnel selection and development, assessment centers (ACs) are used to assess competencies, but there is only a limited number of studies on competency-based ACs in medical education. To the best of our knowledge, the present study provides the first data on the criterion-related validity of a competency-based AC in medical education. Methods We developed an AC tailored to measure core competencies relevant to medical education (social-ethical, communicative, self, and teaching) and tested its validity in n=30 first-year medical students using 3- to 4-year follow-up measures such as (a) objective structured clinical examinations (OSCE) on basic clinical skills (n=26), (b) OSCE on communication skills (n=21), and (c) peer feedback (n=18). The AC contained three elements: interview, group discussion, and role play. Additionally, a self-report questionnaire was provided as a basis for the interview. Results Baseline AC average score and teaching competency correlated moderately with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.41, p=0.03, and r=0.38, p=0.04, respectively). Social-ethical competency in the AC showed a very strong convergent association with the communication OSCE average score (r=0.60, p<0.01). The AC total score also showed a moderate correlation with the overall peer feedback score provided in Year 4 (r=0.38, p=0.06). In addition, communicative competency correlated strongly with the overall peer feedback (r=0.50, p=0.02). We found predominantly low and insignificant correlations between the AC and the OSCE on basic clinical skills (r=?0.33 to 0.30, all p's>0.05). Conclusion The results showed that competency-based ACs can be used at a very early stage of medical training to successfully predict future performance in core competencies. PMID:25219931

Rotthoff, Thomas; Ostapczuk, Martin S.; Kroncke, Klaus D.; Zimmerhofer, Alexander; Decking, Ulrich; Schneider, Matthias; Ritz-Timme, Stefanie

2014-01-01

266

Competency-based education in anesthesiology: history and challenges.  

PubMed

The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education is transitioning to a competency-based system with milestones to measure progress and define success of residents. The confines of the time-based residency will be relaxed. Curriculum must be redesigned and assessments will need to be precise and in-depth. Core anesthesiology faculty will be identified and will be the "trained observers" of the residents' progress. There will be logistic challenges requiring creative management by program directors. There may be residents who achieve "expert" status earlier than the required 36 months of clinical anesthesia education, whereas others may struggle to achieve acceptable status and will require additional education time. Faculty must accept both extremes without judgment. Innovative new educational opportunities will need to be created for fast learners. Finally, it will be important that residents embrace this change. This will require programs to clearly define the specific aims and measurement endpoints for advancement and success. PMID:24158052

Ebert, Thomas J; Fox, Chris A

2014-01-01

267

A New Approach to Competence-based Business Partner Profiles for Collaborative Business Process Management  

E-print Network

for the realization of collaborative networks in near future. Assessment of competences can be seen as integral partA New Approach to Competence-based Business Partner Profiles for Collaborative Business Process of collaborative resource planning and competence management. Our research activities yielded a meta model which

Boyer, Edmond

268

Teacher's Guide for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Licensed Practical Nurse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the Licensed Practical Nurse Competency-Based Education Curriculum student materials available separately (see note). It contains an explanation of the curriculum and suggested usage, a list of competencies by job title (other occupations which use the same competencies), Licensed Practical Nurse…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

269

Preliminary Support for a Competency-Based Model of Depression in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relation of child depression to competency feedback was explored in five domains: academic, social, physical attractiveness, conduct, and sports. Self-reports of depression and peer nominations of competency were obtained from 1,422 elementary school children. Findings supported 4 hypotheses from a competency-based model of child depression. Peer nominations of competency in various domains were negatively related to depression. Being nominated

David A. Cole

1991-01-01

270

Developing Teacher Competences for Education for Sustainable Development through Reflection: The Environment and School Initiatives Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction to this paper gives a short overview of the Environment and Schools Initiatives (ENSI) perspective on teaching competences. We argue that as change is one of the key elements of sustainable development, reflection that helps to adapt educational practice to a continuously developing world should be a starting point for every…

Varga, Attila; Koszo, Maria Fuz; Mayer, Michela; Sleurs, Willy

2007-01-01

271

Competencies; A New Sector; Developing a Competency Model for Three Star Hotels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a working paper based on a current Hotel Management Skillnet project, which is due to be completed by December 2001. This project arose from previous research by the Irish Hotel and Catering Institute (IHCI), the Dublin Institute of Technology (DIT), the Tourism Research Centre (TRC) and University College Dublin (UCD) into continuing professional development in the hospitality

Tony m Kiely; Monica Brophy

2001-01-01

272

Geospatial Technology Competency Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Geospatial Technology Competency Model (GTCM) is depicted as a pyramid with nine tiers. This depiction illustrates how occupational and industry competencies build on a foundation of personal effectiveness, academic, and workplace competencies. Each tier consists of one or more blocks representing the skills, knowledge, and abilities essential for successful performance in the industry or occupation represented by the model. At the base of the model, competencies apply to a large number of occupations and industries. As a user moves up the model, the competencies become industry- and occupation-specific. This document specifies competencies required for worker success in the geospatial industry, from the most general Personal Effectiveness Competencies (Tier 1) to the sector-specific competencies presented in Tier 5. Additional occupation-specific competencies and requirements (Tiers 6-8), as well as management competencies (Tier 9) are beyond the scope of this document. Expected uses of the GTCM include career guidance, curriculum development and assessment, recruitment and hiring, continuing professional development, criteria for voluntary certification, and outreach efforts intended to communicate characteristics of the geospatial field to the public. GTCM users should bear in mind that the pyramid framework is not intended to suggest a sequence of competency attainment or that certain competencies are of greater value or higher skill than others. The body of the GTCM is a table that contains definitions and associated key behaviors for each competency block depicted in the pyramid.

2010-12-28

273

Student Teaching Competencies in Lehman College's Competency-Based Teacher Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to establish the rank ordering of the 17 personal and professional traits identified by Lehman College as "student teacher competencies," this questionnaire was circulated to 87 student and cooperating teachers during the fall 1977 and the spring 1978 semesters. The results indicate a medium to high level of consistency in the rating…

Lukin, Fay Paula

274

Le francais fonde sur la competence, Superieur (Competency Based French, Superior).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructional guide in French is intended for training Peace Corps volunteers serving in the Central African Republic. It includes 35 topical units at the superior level, each consisting of briefly stated competency objectives and a number of brief, related situational texts. Unit topics include: explaining how to do something; explaining…

Dimanche, Maurice

275

Professional Competence Development at the Cooper Union School of Engineering. Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 3-year project was developed to increase students' abilities to perform competently as professional engineers. The project sought to infuse into existing courses concern for, practice with, and development of three competencies critical to professional success: problem-solving, communication, and value clarification. Eight elementary and…

Bussard, Ellen

276

Developing Employee Competence. Symposium 25. [Concurrent Symposium Session at AHRD Annual Conference, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains three papers from a symposium on developing employee competence. The first paper, "Coaching in Organizations: Self-Assessment of Competence" (Gary N. McLean, Min-Hsun [Christine] Kuo), reports on development and pilot-testing of an instrument to identify the developmental needs of managers and peers to function more…

2000

277

Why Do Small Enterprises Participate in a Programme for Competence Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase our understanding of why firms, specifically small to medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), participate in a programme for competence development and why firms use different strategies for competence development. Design/methodology/approach: A study of 17 SMEs that all received support from the European…

Kock, Henrik; Gill, Andreas; Ellstrom, Per Erik

2008-01-01

278

Development of Core Competencies for Paraprofessional Nutrition Educators Who Deliver Food Stamp Nutrition Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this project was to describe the process used for the development of core competencies for paraprofessional nutrition educators in Food Stamp Nutrition Education (FSNE). The development process included the efforts of an expert panel of state and multicounty FSNE leaders to draft the core competencies and the validation of those…

Baker, Susan S.; Pearson, Meredith; Chipman, Helen

2009-01-01

279

Competency Based Teacher Training Programs for Teachers of the Visually Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a paper presented at the 55th Annual International Convention of the Council for Exceptional Children in 1977, the article examines ways of defining competency-based training for teachers of the visually handicapped, and notes some practical difficulties of establishing competency-based programs. (Author)

Swallow, Rose-Marie

1978-01-01

280

An Evaluation of Competency-Based School Programs in a Learning for Mastery Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Competency-based Middle School Program (grades 6-8) and the Competency-based Secondary School Project (grades 9-11) were funded by the South Carolina State Department of Education under the Elementary Secondary Education Act Title IV-C. These programs were to provide instruction based on the principles of mastery learning in helping middle…

Strasler, Gregg M.; And Others

281

A Competency-Based Clinical Chemistry Course for the Associate Degree Medical Laboratory Technician Graduate in a Medical Technology Baccalaureate Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a project that developed a competency-based clinical chemistry course for associate degree medical laboratory technicians (MLT) in a medical technology (MT) baccalaureate program. Content of the course was based upon competencies expected of medical technologists at career-entry as defined in the statements adopted in 1976 by the…

Buccelli, Pamela

282

Core Competencies of Clinical Psychology Graduate Students Must Meet These Competencies at the "Meets Expectations" Level or Better  

E-print Network

Core Competencies of Clinical Psychology Graduate Students Must Meet These Competencies biological bases of behavior, cognitive-affective bases of behavior, and lifespan human development professions. Functional Competencies Psychological Evaluation: assessment, diagnosis and conceptualization

Sanders, Matthew

283

Designing a Competency-Based Master of Arts in Management Program for Midcareer Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of designing a competency-based management graduate degree program for midcareer adults includes examining the background of competency-based programs at the designers’ university; the choice of competencies, levels, and categories (personal, people management, analytic, and career-specific skills and management knowledge); and the arrangement of the courses in the program. The design allows outcome evaluation to occur at the individual,

James C. Spee; Teri C. Tompkins

2001-01-01

284

The development of relational competence among young high-risk fathers across the transition to parenthood.  

PubMed

This study examined relationship factors associated with paternal functioning among young, high-risk fathers, with an emphasis on the role of a young mother's relational competence on her partner's paternal functioning. Participants included 60 young fathers and their coparenting partners, who were identified before childbirth and followed over 2 years. Fathers were identified as being at high risk for paternal failure based on a history of school dropout, psychopathology, and/or serial fatherhood. It was hypothesized that young men who were more relationally competent before childbirth would function more adequately as fathers, despite their high-risk status. Based on principles of family systems theory, it was also predicted that young men with more relationally competent partners would become more relationally competent, and therefore learn to function more positively as fathers. Relational competence was assessed using interview data collected before and 2 years post child birth, and coded with the Relational Competence Index. Paternal functioning was based on a composite score consisting of self-reported and observed parenting. Path analysis indicated that (1) high-risk fathers with relationally competent partners had higher relational competence scores over time, and (2) higher relational competence scores were associated with more positive paternal functioning scores. PMID:21564060

Ngu, Le; Florsheim, Paul

2011-06-01

285

Administrator Preparation Programs: Problems in Evaluating Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Judgments about competence are always relative, tentative, and situation-specific. An effective competency-based program for preparation of school administrators must base judgments about competency development on the same sources that will judge on-the-job administrative competency. The four most common instructional orientations to administrator…

Kelley, Edgar A.

286

Nurses' Competencies in Disaster Nursing: Implications for Curriculum Development and Public Health  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to explore Hong Kong nurses’ perceptions of competencies required for disaster nursing. Focus group interviews and written inquiry were adopted to solicit nurses’ perceived required competencies for disaster care. A total of 15 nurses were interviewed and 30 nurses completed the written inquiry on their perceived competencies related to disaster nursing. The International Council for Nurses’ (ICN) framework of disaster nursing competencies, consisting of four themes and ten domains, was used to tabulate the perceived competencies for disaster nursing reported by nurses. The most mentioned required competencies were related to disaster response; with the ethical and legal competencies for disaster nursing were mostly neglected by nurses in Hong Kong. With the complexity nature of disasters, special competencies are required if nurses are to deal with adverse happenings in their serving community. Nurses’ perceived disaster nursing competencies reported by nurses were grossly inadequate, demonstrating the needs to develop a comprehensive curriculum for public health. The establishment of a set of tailor-made disaster nursing core competencies for the community they served is the first step in preparing nurses to deal with disastrous situations for the health of the public. PMID:24658409

Loke, Alice Yuen; Fung, Olivia Wai Man

2014-01-01

287

Historical and Theoretical Development of Culturally Competent Social Work Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a detailed review of the historical and theoretical context in which culturally competent practice has evolved in the social work profession and enables educators and practitioners to see holistic connections between the past and present. Historical review of the inclusion of diversity content is followed by definitions of…

Kohli, Hermeet K.; Huber, Ruth; Faul, Anna C.

2010-01-01

288

Competency Profile Development for the Marketing Education Curriculum. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project was conducted to revalidate, revise, and adapt/modify the minimum core competencies for the Fundamentals of Marketing and Advanced Marketing courses in secondary marketing education in Missouri. To implement the project, these activities were conducted: (1) each marketing instructor completed a survey instrument for the assessment of…

Smith, Clifton L.

289

Freehand Sketching as a Catalyst for Developing Concept Driven Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when concept driven competencies are perceived to be critical in redefining effective technological education, the introduction of Design and Communication Graphics at senior cycle in Irish high schools has broad implications. Students now have the potential to explore applied geometries, integrated with conceptual thinking in addition…

Lane, Diarmaid; Seery, Niall

2011-01-01

290

Developing Intercultural Competence through the Learning Community Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning Communities (LC) represent an alternative model of teaching and learning in higher education that can foster intercultural competence and knowledge. "Some of the distinctive features of LCs are that they are usually smaller than most units on campus, they help overcome the isolation of faculty members from one another and their students,…

Rivera-Mills, Susana V.

2010-01-01

291

Developing Teachers' Subject Didactic Competence through Problem Posing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problem posing (not only in lesson planning but also directly in teaching whenever needed) is one of the attributes of a teacher's subject didactic competence. In this paper, problem posing in teacher education is understood as an educational and a diagnostic tool. The results of the study were gained in pre-service primary school teacher…

Ticha, Marie; Hospesova, Alena

2013-01-01

292

Developing project management competency: perspectives from the construction industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project managers in today's construction industry are faced with a situation whereby the fundamental roles and functions they perform are witnessing a gradual shift in focus. To maintain their professional competency, practising project managers in construction adapt to this changing industry environment by relying on knowledge and skills acquired through training and experience. The extent to which such training enables

F. T. Edum-Fotwe; R McCaffer

2000-01-01

293

Re-engineering Four Years of College into Three: The Makings of a Competency-Based Three Year Bachelor's Degree.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of an effort to reduce the costs of attending college, in 1996 New Hampshire College began developing a three-year bachelor's degree program in Business Administration with the goal of reengineering the existing four-year, eight-semester program into a competency- and outcomes-based, team-taught, cohort-based, interdisciplinary, and…

Seidman, Robert

294

Competency-Based Training, Global Skills Mobility and the Teaching of International Students in Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Australia, all vocational education and training (VET) qualifications must be based on competency-based training (CBT) and training packages. Yet, since 2005, there has been a major expansion in the number of VET international students in Australia, 85% of whom are from Asia. Given this development, the teaching and learning contexts in which…

Tran, Ly Thi; Nyland, Chris

2013-01-01

295

Reflective Writing in the Competency-Based Curriculum at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine  

PubMed Central

The Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University is a five-year medical school where the major emphasis is to train physician investigators. In this article we describe our experience with reflective writing in our competency-based medical school, which has reflective practice as one of the nine core competencies. We outline how we use reflective writing as a way to help students develop their reflective practice skills. Reflective writing opportunities, excerpts of student pieces, and faculty and student perspectives are included. We have experienced the value of reflective writing in medical school education and believe elements of our program can be adapted to other training environments. PMID:21364819

Isaacson, J Harry; Salas, Renee; Koch, Carl; McKenzie, Margaret

2008-01-01

296

INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN AND ASSESSMENT An Automated Competency-based Student Performance Assessment Program for Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiential Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To describe the development and preliminary outcomes of the System of Universal Clinical Competency Evaluation in the Sunshine State (SUCCESS) for preceptors to assess students' clinical performance in advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs). Design. An Internet-based APPE assessment tool was developed by faculty members from colleges of pharmacy in Florida and implemented. Assessment. Numeric scores and grades derived from

L. Douglas Ried; Ruth Nemire; Randell Doty; Mildred P. Brickler; Holly H. Anderson; Elizabeth Frenzel-Shepherd; Margareth Larose-Pierre; Dee Dugan

297

Facilitating Evaluations of Innovative, Competence-Based Assessments: Creating Understanding and Involving Multiple Stakeholders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are held more responsible for evaluating, quality assuring and improving their student assessments. Teachers' lack of understanding of new, competence-based assessments as well as the lack of key stakeholders' involvement, hamper effective and efficient self-evaluations by teachers of innovative, competence-based assessments (CBAs). While…

Gulikers, Judith T. M.; Baartman, Liesbeth K. J.; Biemans, Harm J. A.

2010-01-01

298

Emergence and Outlook of Competence-Based Education in European Education Systems: An Overview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This contribution takes stock on the emergence of competence-based education in European Union (EU) countries. The article explains how economic constraints but also educational motives led educational policies and systems in the EU to shift to competence-based education. The related instructional frame and concepts are presented, as are the major…

Tchibozo, Guy

2011-01-01

299

Competency-Based Teacher Education and Certification Definitions: Synthesis and Schema.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is divided into an introduction and two sections. Each section is divided into two parts: definition and synthesis. Section 1 is devoted to competency-based teacher education. The "definition" part presents 14 definitions of competency-based teacher education that have been culled from various authorities. The "synthesis" part lists…

Roth, Robert A.

300

Evaluating the Effects of Competency-Based Web Learning on Self-Directed Learning Aptitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of the study is to evaluate the impact of the competency-based web learning material (CBWLM) on the self-directed learning aptitude (SDLA) of college students. Specifically, it seeks to investigate, statistically, the changes in SDLAs at different stages of competency-based web learning (CBWL) over an eight-week period. The sample of…

Chang, Chi-Cheng

2007-01-01

301

Researching the Competence-Based Curriculum: Preface to a Case Study of Four Urban Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory article accompanies three further articles forming a case study research project undertaken to describe the experience of four urban secondary schools implementing a competence-based curriculum for students in their first year of secondary education. The nature of such competence-based curricula is discussed in the context of…

Downey, Christopher; Byrne, Jenny; Souza, Ana

2013-01-01

302

Competency Process Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography consists of resource material used in the formulation and development of "competency process," a collaborative approach to designing and implementing competency based teacher education by energizing creative abilities, developing staff commitment, and utilizing group process and problem solving methodology. The bibliography…

Woodward, Lois K.; And Others

303

Competency-based curricular design to encourage significant learning.  

PubMed

Most significant learning (SL) experiences produce long-lasting learning experiences that meaningfully change the learner's thinking, feeling, and/or behavior. Most significant teaching experiences involve strong connections with the learner and recognition that the learner felt changed by the teaching effort. L. Dee Fink in Creating Significant Learning Experiences: An Integrated Approach to Designing College Course defines six kinds of learning goals: Foundational Knowledge, Application, Integration, Human Dimension, Caring, and Learning to Learn. SL occurs when learning experiences promote interaction between the different kinds of goals, for example, acquiring knowledge alone is not enough, but when paired with a learning experience, such as an effective patient experience as in Caring, then significant (and lasting) learning occurs. To promote SL, backward design principles that start with clearly defined learning goals and the context of the situation of the learner are particularly effective. Emphasis on defining assessment methods prior to developing teaching/learning activities is the key: this ensures that assessment (where the learner should be at the end of the educational activity/process) drives instruction and that assessment and learning/instruction are tightly linked so that assessment measures a defined outcome (competency) of the learner. Employing backward design and the AAMC's MedBiquitous standard vocabulary for medical education can help to ensure that curricular design and redesign efforts effectively enhance educational program quality and efficacy, leading to improved patient care. Such methods can promote successful careers in health care for learners through development of self-directed learning skills and active learning, in ways that help learners become fully committed to lifelong learning and continuous professional development. PMID:24981665

Hurtubise, Larry; Roman, Brenda

2014-07-01

304

The Development of Academic Competence among Adolescents Who Bully and Who Are Bullied  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from the first three waves (Grades 5, 6, and 7) of the 4-H Study of Positive Youth Development, this study assessed if being a bully or being a victim accounts for an adolescent's academic competence, if selected contextual and individual variables impact an adolescent's academic competence, and if such impact differs in relation to an…

Ma, Lang; Phelps, Erin; Lerner, Jacqueline V.; Lerner, Richard M.

2009-01-01

305

Organisation of English for Academic Purposes Activity for Developing Communicative Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals need communicative competence for personal fulfillment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment. Aim of the research is to work out English for Academic Purposes activity organization model and its introducing sequence for promoting communicative competence. Content: the search for English for Academic…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2009-01-01

306

Learning Objects and the Development of Students' Key Competencies: A New Zealand School Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines a study investigating the impact of the use of learning objects on the development of two key competencies from the revised New Zealand Curriculum Framework (Ministry of Education, 2007). It specifically focuses on the key competencies of "thinking" and "relating to others", and explores how teachers in an urban intermediate…

Falloon, Garry

2010-01-01

307

Assessing Instructor Cultural Competence in the Classroom: An Instrument and a Development Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An instrument to measure instructors' cultural competence was developed using critical incidents related to classroom diversity issues. Responses were scored using the Bennett Model of Cultural Competence. The instrument can be used to measure the effectiveness of diversity training and can be adapted using locally relevant critical incidents.…

Roberson, Loriann; Kulik, Carol T.; Pepper, Molly B.

2002-01-01

308

Preparing Global Leaders: A Theoretical Model for Understanding the Development of Intercultural Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As globalization increases, organizations are seeking individuals that have developed intercultural competency (ICC) and are prepared to lead for the 21st century. Although there are competing definitions among scholars as to what characteristics (ability, attitude, awareness, behaviors, knowledge, skills, or values) make up ICC (Ang & Van…

Martinez, Cynthia Ann

2012-01-01

309

The development of skill and tactical competencies during a season of badminton  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we examined the development of skill competence and tactical knowledge of 41 eighth-grade students (mean age 13.6 years) as they completed a season of badminton conducted following the features of Sport Education. Using data from students’ performance on badminton skills tests, their competence in game play, and their tactical knowledge, it was determined that these students made

Peter A. Hastie; Oleg A. Sinelnikov; A. J. Guarino

2009-01-01

310

Development of general and specific teaching competencies through the educational use of ICT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper organizes around the concept of didactic competence analyzed from the perspective of educational implementation of the new ICT tools. It presents the results of a large research regarding the development of certain general and specific didactic competencies, having as a support the virtual envi- ronment offered by the new technologies. Thus, the implications of the educational use

C. Glava; A. Glava

2006-01-01

311

Navigating Difference: Development and Implementation of a Successful Cultural Competency Training for Extension and Outreach Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As our world becomes more interconnected on international, domestic, and personal levels, our need to be more culturally competent increases (Samovar, Porter, & McDaniel, 2007; Ting-Toomey, 1999). Recognizing this need, Washington State University Extension sought to increase skills of its personnel by developing a set of cultural competencies

Deen, Mary Y.; Parker, Louise A.; Hill, Laura Griner; Huskey, Melynda; Whitehall, Anna P.

2014-01-01

312

Interactional Competence and the Development of Alignment Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on qualitative analysis of conversational interactions collected over the course of a Spanish language learner's academic year abroad, this article explores the development of interactional resources related to alignment activity in the learner's conversational participation. Alignment activity refers to the means interlocutors use…

Dings, Abby

2014-01-01

313

Developing Culturally Competent Faculty: A Cognitive, Affective, and Spiritual Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The past decade has evidenced significant dialogue on faith-based campuses about the persistent gap between the increasing ethnic diversity of the student population and that of the faculty. While campus administrators and leaders acknowledge the need to address this concern through faculty development, there is a disturbing lack of successful…

Taylor, Deborah L.; Van Zandt, Cassandra; Menjares, Pete C.

2013-01-01

314

Settling into School: The Importance of Early Friendships for the Development of Children's Social Understanding and Communicative Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the findings from a pilot study that investigated the effects of friendship on four and five year olds during their first term in school. Results suggested that friendship played an important part in developing children's social and communicative competencies and influenced children's performance in classroom-based learning activities. (BB)

Faulkner, Dorothy; Miell, Dorothy

1993-01-01

315

Competency-Based Curriculum for Articulated Programs in Air Conditioning/Refrigeration. A Study for the Articulation of Competency-Based Curricula for the Coordination of Vocational-Technical Education Programs in Louisiana. Final Report. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curriculum guide for air conditioning/refrigeration is one of five guides written and field tested in a project to develop statewide articulated competency-based curricula in selected vocational education programs. Two separate curricula, one for the vocational-technical level and one for the associate degree level, are presented. The six…

Louisiana State Dept. of Education, Baton Rouge. Div. of Vocational Education.

316

Developing interprofessional health competencies in a virtual world  

PubMed Central

Background Virtual worlds provide a promising means of delivering simulations for developing interprofessional health skills. However, developing and implementing a virtual world simulation is a challenging process, in part because of the novelty of virtual worlds as a simulation platform and also because of the degree of collaboration required among technical and subject experts. Thus, it can be difficult to ensure that the simulation is both technically satisfactory and educationally appropriate. Methods To address this challenge, we propose the use of de Freitas and Oliver's four-dimensional framework as a means of guiding the development process. We give an overview of the framework and describe how its principles can be applied to the development of virtual world simulations. Results We present two virtual world simulation pilot projects that adopted this approach, and describe our development experience in these projects. We directly connect this experience to the four-dimensional framework, thus validating the framework's applicability to the projects and to the context of virtual world simulations in general. Conclusions We present a series of recommendations for developing virtual world simulations for interprofessional health education. These recommendations are based on the four-dimensional framework and are also informed by our experience with the pilot projects. PMID:23195649

King, Sharla; Chodos, David; Stroulia, Eleni; Carbonaro, Mike; MacKenzie, Mark; Reid, Andrew; Torres, Lisa; Greidanus, Elaine

2012-01-01

317

Understanding public health informatics competencies for mid-tier public health practitioners: a web-based survey.  

PubMed

The literature suggests that there is a need for measuring public health informatics (PHI) competency to further understand whether current educational modules and modalities meet the needs of PHI practitioners and researchers to perform their jobs more effectively, particularly for mid-tier practitioners that constitute the majority of public health workers in the USA. The present study seeks to update current knowledge of the perceptions and experiences of PHI competencies proposed by the U.S. Council on Linkage in Public Health specifically for mid-tier PH practitioners and researchers. The results were collected and analyzed by using a Web-based survey (WBS) method administered among both practitioners and researchers. Researchers first compiled a draft list of candidate competency set by incorporating existing competency areas provided by: 1) the Council on Linkage; and by 2) those proposed by the USA's Centers for Disease Control CDC Public Health Informatics Work Group. Nine sets of competency statements with 120 competency items and demographic information of respondents were included in the WBS. The online survey instruments were pilot-tested accordingly to incorporate feedback from respondents of the pilot. Fifty-six subjects were recruited from PH experts who were: 1) members of the Health Informatics Information Technology (HIIT) group of American Public Health Association; and, 2) members from the Community of Science (COS) Website who were the first authors published in the PHI field from PubMed. The sample included diverse backgrounds of PHI workers. They expressed an increased need for training to improve their PHI competencies. Respondents agreed that four competency sets should be adequately represented, including Leadership and System Thinking Skills (82%), followed by Financial Planning and Management Skills (79%), Community Dimensions of Practice Skills (77%), and Policy Development/Program Planning Skills (63%). The findings parallel current literature indicating that there exists an expressed need for clarification of the public health practitioner's job-specific informatics competency. Findings of expressed needs for basic computer literacy training and community-based practice were consistent with those of the literature. Additional training and resources should be allocated to address the competency of leadership, management, community-based practice and policy advocacy skills for mid-tier public health practitioners to perform their jobs more effectively. Only when healthcare organizations properly identify PHI competency needs will public health practitioners likely improve their overall informatics skills while improving diversification for contribution across multiple settings. PMID:22447878

Hsu, Chiehwen Ed; Dunn, Kim; Juo, Hsin-Hsuan; Danko, Rick; Johnson, Drew; Mas, Francisco Soto; Sheu, Jiunn-Jye

2012-03-01

318

Universities as Responsive Learning Organizations through Competency-Based Assessment with Electronic Portfolios  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Universities should embrace democratic values. Using electronic portfolios, competency-based assessment can enact them. Rather than preset standards, competencies become boundary objects connecting individual student experience to community conversation about what it means to be educated. This article examines this approach in practice at New…

Cambridge, Darren

2008-01-01

319

Educational Accountability: The Issue of Competency-Based Education. Informational Bulletin 77-IB-4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a brief discussion of the issues prompting concern with competency-based education (CBE) and an explanation of what it is and why it is so popular, this document goes on to discuss action Wisconsin and other states have taken to implement CBE. Very brief accounts are given of the minimal competency-type programs implemented in Sparta,…

Watchke, Gary A.

320

Supporting Self-Regulated Personalised Learning through Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents two current research trends in e-learning that at first sight appear to compete. Competence-Based Knowledge Space Theory (CBKST) provides a knowledge representation framework which, since its invention by Doignon & Falmagne, has been successfully applied in various e-learning systems (for example, Adaptive Learning with…

Steiner, Christina M.; Nussbaumer, Alexander; Albert, Dietrich

2009-01-01

321

Cogenerating a Competency-based HRM Degree: A Model and Some Lessons from Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competency-based degree program in human resource management was co-generated by six groups of stakeholders who synthesized competency models using group decision support software. The program focuses on core human resource processes, general business management, strategic decision making and problem solving, change management, and personal…

Wooten, Kevin C.; Elden, Max

2001-01-01

322

Competency-Based Vocational Education: What It Means to Industry in the 1990s.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current crisis in education, coupled with the changing work force and changing business needs in the 1990s, poses a challenge for vocational education. Competency-based vocational education needs to evaluate its competencies to see if training graduates to meet them will serve the needs of the new work situation and keep the United States…

Wilson, Patricia A.

323

Meeting International Society for Technology in Education Competencies with a Problem-Based Learning Video Framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

Meeting International Society for Technology in Education competencies creates a challenge for teachers. The authors provide a problem-based video framework that guides teachers in enhancing 21st century skills to meet those competencies. To keep the focus on the content, the authors suggest teaching the technology skills only at the point the students need to use them. An example is provided

Yvonne M. Skoretz; Amy E. Cottle

2011-01-01

324

MCI Management Competencies and APL: The Way Forward for Management Education, Training and Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines assumptions about Britain's Management Charter Initiative (MCI)--a competency-based approach to management education. Explores delegate motivation, significant in the process of accrediting prior learning. (JOW)

Baker, Barry R.

1991-01-01

325

QAM: A Competency Based Need Assessment Methodology and Computer Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A needs assessment methodology is described which can be used (1) to assess the competencies required for functioning in a particular position, (2) to provide data for planning inservice and preservice educational programs, (3) to assess job performance, and (4) to provide information for personnel planners. Quadrants are formed using four…

Gale, Larrie E.

326

Prioritization of Online Instructor Roles: Implications for Competency-Based Teacher Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online instructors need to take on a multi-dimensional role and to be an effective online educator they are required to possess a varied and wider range of competencies. Preparing teachers for online education involves preparing them for a wide variety of roles and developing related competencies. However, the extent of emphasis required to be…

Bawane, Jyoti; Spector, J. Michael

2009-01-01

327

Intercultural Competence Development through the Global Awareness Program at the University of Kansas  

E-print Network

The purpose of this study is to understand whether undergraduate students develop intercultural competence through domestic, co-curricular international and intercultural programming. This evaluative case study focuses on students who did not study...

McEnaney, Lauren E

2013-05-31

328

Designing a Competency-Based Program in Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine for the Professional Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A five-day workshop was successful in fulfilling its prime objective, development of a competency-based curriculum for veterinary public health and preventive medicine (VPH & PM). The model now may be used to re-evaluate and, where necessary, revise existing curriculums. (LBH)

Selby, Lloyd A.; And Others

1976-01-01

329

A Guide to Task Analysis for Competency Based Education. Health Occupations. Task Linkage Project Publication No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed through synthesis and review of existing task analysis literature, this guide lists tasks expected to be performed by workers in ten health occupations and presents information for incorporating these tasks into articulated secondary and postsecondary competency based educational programs. Task listings are presented for the following…

Georgia State Univ., Atlanta. School of Education.

330

Unravelling the genetic basis for competence development of auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A strains.  

PubMed

Bacterial natural genetic competence - well studied in Bacillus subtilis - enables cells to take up and integrate extracellularly supplied DNA into their own genome. However, little is known about competence development and its regulation in other members of the genus, although DNA uptake machineries are routinely encoded. Auxotrophic Bacillus licheniformis 9945A derivatives, obtained from repeated rounds of random mutagenesis, were long known to develop natural competence. Inspection of the colony morphology and extracellular enzyme secretion of two of these derivatives, M28 and M18, suggested that regulator genes are collaterally hit. M28 emerged as a 14 bp deletion mutant concomitantly displaying a shift in the reading frame of degS that encodes the sensor histidine kinase, which is part of the molecular switch that directs cells to genetic competence, the synthesis of extracellular enzymes or biofilm formation, while for M18, sequencing of the suspected gene revealed a 375 bp deletion in abrB, encoding the major transition state regulator. With respect to colony morphology, enzyme secretion and competence development, both of the mutations, when newly generated on the wild-type B. licheniformis 9945A genetic background, resulted in phenotypes resembling M28 and M18, respectively. All of the known naturally competent B. licheniformis representatives, hitherto thoroughly investigated in this regard, carry mutations in regulator genes, and hence genetic competence observed in domesticated strains supposedly results from deregulation. PMID:25009236

Jakobs, Mareike; Hoffmann, Kerstin; Grabke, Anja; Neuber, Stefania; Liesegang, Heiko; Volland, Sonja; Meinhardt, Friedhelm

2014-10-01

331

Development of an evaluation framework suitable for assessing humanitarian workforce competencies during crisis simulation exercises.  

PubMed

The need to provide a professionalization process for the humanitarian workforce is well established. Current competency-based curricula provided by existing academically affiliated training centers in North America, the United Kingdom, and the European Union provide a route toward certification. Simulation exercises followed by timely evaluation is one way to mimic the field deployment process, test knowledge of core competences, and ensure that a competent workforce can manage the inevitable emergencies and crises they will face. Through a 2011 field-based exercise that simulated a humanitarian crisis, delivered under the auspices of the World Health Organization (WHO), a competency-based framework and evaluation tool is demonstrated as a model for future training and evaluation of humanitarian providers. PMID:24429109

Cranmer, Hilarie; Chan, Jennifer L; Kayden, Stephanie; Musani, Altaf; Gasquet, Philippe E; Walker, Peter; Burkle, Frederick M; Johnson, Kirsten

2014-02-01

332

Development and Assessment of Social and Emotional Competence Through Simulated Patient Consultations  

PubMed Central

Objective. To determine whether a quantitative tool could be used to measure social emotional competence and whether the development of social emotional competence through a pharmacy practicum course is possible. Design. First-year pharmacy students completed the Social Emotional Development Inventory (SED-I) online and then participated in a series of mock patient consultations on smoking cessation and nonprescription medication. Assessment. The 212 students enrolled in the course completed the SED-I. Evaluation of students’ performance in the clinical cases using a patient counseling assessment form showed that students’ social emotional competencies significantly improved. Observer ratings for “influence” and “connection” on the assessment form predicted student performance in the clinical cases. Conclusions. Role-play exercises in which students engage in patient consultations can be used to develop social emotional competence in pharmacy students, and the SED-I and a patient counseling assessment form can be used to assess learning and improvement in this area. PMID:23049104

Carr-Lopez, Sian; Seal, Craig R.; Scott, Amy N.; Lopez, Chris

2012-01-01

333

The Nature of Study Programmes in Vocational Education: Evaluation of the Model for Comprehensive Competence-Based Vocational Education in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a previous series of studies, a model of comprehensive competence-based vocational education (CCBE model) was developed,\\u000a consisting of eight principles of competence-based vocational education (CBE) that were elaborated for four implementation\\u000a levels (Wesselink et al. European journal of vocational training 40:38–51 2007a). The model thus consisted of 32 cells, all defined by text. It was developed to provide study

Lidwien Sturing; Harm J. A. Biemans; Martin Mulder; Elly de Bruijn

2011-01-01

334

Development and psychometric testing of the Suicide Caring Competence Scale (SCCS) for family caregivers in Taiwan.  

PubMed

Suicide caring competence is important for family caregivers to care their relatives with suicidal tendencies. The purpose of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Suicide Caring Competence Scale (SCCS) for family caregivers in Taiwan. A 20-item SCCS was tested on 165 family caregivers. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that five subscales with 19 items best fit the data. The Cronbach's ? and test-retest reliability of the SCCS was 0.90 and 0.81, respectively. The SCCS demonstrated acceptable construct validity and reliability. Nurses can use the SCCS to assess the suicide caring competence of family caregivers. PMID:25017563

Sun, Fan-Ko; Chiang, Chun-Ying; Chen, Wei-Jen; Wang, Ruey-Hsia; Huang, Hui-Man; Lin, Hung-Yen

2014-08-01

335

National Occupational Competency Testing Project. A Consortium for Occupational Competency Testing of Trade and Industrial/Technical Teachers. Phase I: Planning--Organizing--Pilot Testing. Volume 3, Handbook for Developing and Administering Occupational Competency Tests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much effort has been directed toward the evaluation of human characteristics and abilities. This handbook is an outgrowth of an extensive study of occupational competency testing and is intended to assist in the development, administration and evaluation of written and performance tests wherever occupational competency evaluation may be…

Panitz, Adolf; Olivo, C. Thomas

336

Development of a NASA Integrated Technical Workforce Career Development Model Entitled Requisite Occupation Competencies and Knowledge -- the ROCK  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper shares the findings of NASA's Integrated Learning and Development Program (ILDP) in its effort to reinvigorate the HANDS-ON practice of space systems engineering and project/program management through focused coursework, training opportunities, on-the job learning and special assignments. Prior to March 2005, NASA responsibility for technical workforce development (the program/project manager, systems engineering, discipline engineering, discipline engineering and associated communities) was executed by two parallel organizations. In March 2005 these organizations merged. The resulting program-ILDP-was chartered to implement an integrated competency-based development model capable of enhancing NASA's technical workforce performance as they face the complex challenges of Earth science, space science, aeronautics and human spaceflight missions. Results developed in collaboration with NASA Field Centers are reported on. This work led to definition of the agency's first integrated technical workforce development model known as the Requisite Occupation Competence and Knowledge (the ROCK). Critical processes and products are presented including: 'validation' techniques to guide model development, the Design-A-CUrriculuM (DACUM) process, and creation of the agency's first systems engineering body-of-knowledge. Findings were validated via nine focus groups from industry and government, validated with over 17 space-related organizations, at an estimated cost exceeding $300,000 (US). Masters-level programs and training programs have evolved to address the needs of these practitioner communities based upon these results. The ROCK reintroduced rigor and depth to the practitioner's development in these critical disciplines enabling their ability to take mission concepts from imagination to reality.

Menrad, Robert J.; Larson, Wiley J.

2008-01-01

337

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Food Service. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on food service. This program is designed to run 24 weeks and cover 15 instructional areas: orientation, sanitation, management/planning, preparing food for cooking, preparing beverages, cooking eggs, cooking meat, cooking vegetables,…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

338

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Auto Body Repair. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on auto body repair. This program is designed to run 40 weeks and cover 7 instructional areas: use of basic repair tools; metal bumping (theory and practice); metal refinishing (theory and practice); panel replacement; glass work; spot…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

339

Mathematics Improvement Component: Elementary Computer Assisted Instruction Program, Elementary Competency Based Education Program, and Middle School Competency Based Education Program. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Mathematics Improvement Component (MIC) was first implemented in the Columbus (Ohio) Public Schools in 1987-88 to assist elementary and middle school pupils who were low achievers in mathematics. Three programs comprised the 1989-90 MIC: the Elementary Computer Assisted Instruction (Elem-CAI) Program, the Elementary Competency Based Education…

Gibbons, Michael

340

Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational Curricula. Machine Trades. Multi-Cultural Competency-Based Vocational/Technical Curricula Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, one of eight in a multi-cultural competency-based vocational/technical curricula series, is on machine trades. This program is designed to run 36 weeks and cover 6 instructional areas: use of measuring tools; benchwork/tool bit grinding; lathe work; milling work; precision grinding; and combination machine work. A duty-task index…

Hepburn, Larry; Shin, Masako

341

The wheel of competency assessment: Presenting quality criteria for competency assessment programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Instruction and learning are increasingly based on competencies, causing a call for assessment methods to adequately determine competency acquisition. Because competency assessment is such a complex endeavor, one single assessment method seems not to be sufficient. This necessitates Competency Assessment Programs (CAPS) that combine different methods, ranging from classical tests to recently developed assessment methods. However, many of the quality

Liesbeth K. J. Baartman; Theo J. Bastiaens; Paul A. Kirschner

2006-01-01

342

Building Intercultural Competence through Intercultural Competency Certification of Undergraduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Intercultural Competency Certificate (CCI in Spanish) designed for the Universidad Popular Autonoma del Estado de Puebla (UPAEP University) is a theory based comprehensive plan to develop undergraduate students' intercultural competence. This Certificate is based in the Developmental Model of Intercultural Sensitivity (DMIS) developed by…

Janeiro, Maria G. Fabregas; Fabre, Ricardo Lopez; Nuno de la Parra, Jose Pablo

2014-01-01

343

Competency Profile Development for the (Supervisory) Management Curriculum. Marketing Education Teacher's Resource Guide. Competency Listing, Expected Student Learning Outcomes and Cross-Referenced Instructional Materials by Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide for the marketing education teacher provides a competency listing, expected student learning outcomes, and cross-referenced instructional materials by competencies for supervisory management. The first section discusses 1991 revisions to the Missouri marketing education core curriculum for supervisory management. The processes…

Smith, Clifton L.

344

A Framework for Professional Development Focused on Social and Emotional Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a framework for planning professional development opportunities to increase teachers' confidence and competence in supporting young children's social-emotional development and addressing challenging behaviors. The framework makes use of a comprehensive collection of training materials developed by the Center on the Social and…

Quesenberry, Amanda; Doubet, Sharon

2006-01-01

345

Genetic transformation in freshwater: Escherichia coli is able to develop natural competence.  

PubMed Central

Until now, Escherichia coli was thought to be unable to develop natural competence, i.e., genetic transformation could be achieved only artificially with the aid of nonphysiological concentrations of calcium ions or by other treatments. We have tested the competence development of E. coli through transformation under natural conditions in river water, springwater, and mineral water which contained between 0 and 11 mM Ca2+, using pUC18 DNA. The presence of calcium ions at concentrations as low as 1 to 2 mM was sufficient to obtain transformants. Variations in the temperature of incubation were not required for competence development but had an influence on the transformation frequency. Using water from mineral springs originating from calcareous regions, we have obtained transformation frequencies with laboratory strains of E. coli similar to those reported for other gram-negative bacteria known to develop natural competence. The competence development of E. coli is most probably internally regulated (as for the other gram-negative bacteria), and inadequate conditions chosen for the transformation tests in the laboratory might impair the detection of higher natural transformation frequencies. The results will enhance our knowledge about the fate of laboratory or production strains of E. coli cells reaching natural aquatic ecosystems. PMID:8837423

Baur, B; Hanselmann, K; Schlimme, W; Jenni, B

1996-01-01

346

The healthcare professional of the future: function based upon competence.  

PubMed

There is an ongoing evolution in healthcare in the U.S., a metamorphosis that may continue indefinitely. The most immediately identifiable change is an economic one that is generally classified as cost containment. Notwithstanding the important financial redirection in healthcare, there should be a functional reevaluation of various professionals as well. This is already ongoing and certainly will continue. In order to preserve authority and economic benefit, enhanced interprofessional boundaries are expected byproducts of a cost-containment approach. Hence, advancement toward the healthcare system of the future is destined to take a convoluted path that is influenced in an infinite number of ways by the professions themselves, the federal government, and society. We should be reminded that patients are best served by the competent performance of a task which is often independent of any given profession. PMID:2058193

Green, J A

1991-02-01

347

A competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge using the Essential Bronchoscopist: An initial concept study  

PubMed Central

Background and objective Competency-based training and assessment are increasingly replacing the traditional structure- and process-based model of medical education. The web-based Essential Bronchoscopist (EB) is an open access, laddered, competency-based curriculum of question-answer sets pertaining to basic bronchoscopic knowledge, accessible in five languages. The purpose of this study was to use consensus to evaluate whether question-answer sets (items) from the EB could provide material from which to devise competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge that could be used in countries with different health-care environments. Methods Ten junior and five senior bronchoscopists in Argentina and the USA were asked to identify the material in each of the 186 items of the EB as either ‘not necessary’, ‘necessary’ or ‘absolutely necessary’ for inclusion in a competency-based test of bronchoscopic knowledge. The kappa statistic was used to analyse inter-rater agreement. Results More than 80% of the 30 participants rated 150 of 186 items as necessary or absolutely necessary. Seventy items were rated as absolutely necessary by more than 50% of participants and as necessary or absolutely necessary by more than 90%. There was no statistically significant difference between items selected, based on level of training or environment of practice. Conclusion Consensus among junior and senior bronchoscopists from two culturally different health-care environments demonstrated that question-answer sets from the EB can be used to provide material for competency-based tests of bronchoscopic knowledge. PMID:18713095

DAVOUDI, Mohsen; QUADRELLI, Silvia; OSANN, Kathryn; COLT, Henri G.

2014-01-01

348

Development of scales to assess patients' perception of physicians' cultural competence in health care interactions.  

PubMed

This study describes the development of scales to measure patients' perception of physicians' cultural competence in health care interactions and thus contributes to promoting awareness of physician-patient intercultural interaction processes. Surveys were administrated to a total of 682 participants. Exploratory factor analyses were employed to assess emergent scales and subscales to develop reliable instruments. The first two phases were devoted to formative research and pilot study. The third phase was devoted to scale development, which resulted in a five-factor solution to measure patient perception of physicians' cultural competence for patient satisfaction. PMID:22477717

Ahmed, Rukhsana; Bates, Benjamin R

2012-07-01

349

Developing competencies for remote and rural senior allied health professionals in Western Australia.  

PubMed

Competency frameworks are an increasingly popular clinical governance, performance management, and professional development tool in health care. However, to date there is a dearth of information relating to competencies for allied health professionals (AHPs) working in remote and rural environments. This project aimed to develop a competency framework for senior level AHPs across a core of allied health professions in remote and rural Western Australia. The framework was designed to be used by individual AHPs to identify areas of professional proficiency and weakness, by staff managing senior AHPs when undertaking performance development processes, and by an organisation to identify common areas of need among disciplines that can be addressed through targeted support strategies. PMID:19382829

Lin, Ivan B; Beattie, Nicole; Spitz, Suzanne; Ellis, Alexandra

2009-01-01

350

Database of Competencies for Business Curriculum Development, K-14.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to serve as a resource for use in developing a business education curriculum at all grade levels between K and 14. Guidelines are presented for using the guide and developing local business education standards. The next main section deals with teaching the following business skills at the elementary school level:…

National Business Education Association, Reston, VA.

351

Managing Tensions in University Development Offices: A Competing Values Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

University development offices face many challenges--including the struggle to maintain collaborative relationships between external and internal stakeholders. As a collaborative and critical function for research universities, development offices offer university leaders new ways to think about aligning people, culture, and goals with…

Guzman, Lisa C.; Bacevice, Peter A.

2006-01-01

352

Competence for Children's Sake: Summary Report of a Research Project on the Child Development Associate Credential.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes a research project on the Child Development Associate (CDA) assessment and credentialing system. The issues covered in the report fall under two general categories: validity (the ability of the CDA assessment/credential system to identify competent child care staff) and career development potential (the benefits of the CDA…

Pettygrove, Willa Bowman

353

Developing a Textbook for Teaching Psychological Competencies to Health Care Practitioners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Allied health practitioners are required to gain expertise in the psycho-socio-emotional domain to assist them with effective delivery of services when working with clients. Although competencies have been developed for the prospective allied health disciplines, course content and method of training has yet to be determined. This author has developed a protocol, the Decision Making Model, to assist educators with

Victoria Bacon

2005-01-01

354

Assessing Students' Emotional Competence in Higher Education: Development and Validation of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the development and validation studies of the Widener Emotional Learning Scale (WELS), a self-report measure, for assessing students' social and emotional competence in higher education. Conceptual specifications, item development, psychometric properties, and factor structure of the instrument are reported in the article. The…

Wang, Ning; Young, Thomas; Wilhite, Stephen C.; Marczyk, Geoffrey

2011-01-01

355

The Impact of Inclusion on Language Development and Social Competence among Preschoolers with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study compared language development and social competence among 96 preschool children with disabilities in inclusive and segregated classes. Pretest ability was the strongest predictor of progress. Subjects in inclusive classes had higher posttest scores in language development and social skills, but more behavior problems, than peers in…

Rafferty, Yvonne; Piscitelli, Vincenza; Boettcher, Caroline

2003-01-01

356

Use of Racial Identity Development Theory to Explore Cultural Competence among Early Childhood Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to explore early childhood educators' cultural competence through a lens of racial identity development theory, a case study was conducted with four White Kindergarten teachers. Participants were surveyed and interviewed to understand their racial identity development as well as perspectives of teaching culturally diverse early childhood…

Han, Heejeong Sophia; West-Olatunji, Cirecie; Thomas, M. Shelley

2011-01-01

357

An Ecological Model of Developing Researcher Competence: The Case of Software Technology in Doctoral Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an ecological model of developing researcher competence, with a particular focus on doctoral students' use of research software. The model extends on theoretical work done by Young et al. ("Instructional Science 30"(1): 47-63, 2002), modelling the intentional dynamics of technological learning contexts. The development of the…

Stelma, Juup

2011-01-01

358

Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors Important to Manual Therapy Competency Development: A Delphi Investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A learner's development of orthopaedic manual physical therapy (OMPT) psychomotor skills may be influenced by selected intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The purposes of this study were to identify the factors that influence learners' development of manual physical therapy competencies and to define each factor as intrinsic or extrinsic. A 3-round Delphi method survey and a retrospective review of the data

Phillip Sizer PT; Steven Sawyer; Virginia Felstehausen; Sue Couch; Lanie Dornier; Chad Cook

2008-01-01

359

A Competency Based Special Education Undergraduate Internship at Western Carolina Center for the Mentally Retarded.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a competency based internship program at Western Carolina Center for the Mentally Retarded for undergraduate students in special education at Appalachian State University. Explained are the consumer based approach embodied in applied training programs, the goal of providing practical and reality-based applications of knowledge…

Caldwell, Erin Kent; Brooks, Benjamin L.

360

Social Competence as a Positive Youth Development Construct: A Conceptual Review  

PubMed Central

Social competence is defined in terms of interpersonal relationships, self and group identities, and development of citizenship. While the focus of the author's previous research is on relationship and identity, the main focus of this paper is on the development of citizenship. A 4-stage developmental model of citizenship is proposed. A brief discussion of the educational implication of each of the stages is presented. The issues concerning the assessment of social competence are clearly delineated, and the discussion serves as a basis for future studies. Finally, five current issues concerning the launch of the “Moral and National Education (MNE) Subject” in Hong Kong primary and secondary schools are discussed. PMID:22645418

Ma, Hing Keung

2012-01-01

361

Relationship between the development of Chinese non-state-owned enterprises and its cultivation of scientific and technological competence : An empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To study and validate the relationship between the development of Chinese non-state-owned enterprise (Chinese non-SOE), and cultivation of scientific and technological competence empirically. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Correlation analysis in SPSS is used to analyze the correlation between Chinese non-SOE and cultivation of scientific and technological competence based on the statistic data released by China Statistical Bureau from 1987 to

Lanying Du; Jundong Hou; Jun Lü

2007-01-01

362

Using cloud-based mobile technology for assessment of competencies among medical students  

PubMed Central

Valid, direct observation of medical student competency in clinical settings remains challenging and limits the opportunity to promote performance-based student advancement. The rationale for direct observation is to ascertain that students have acquired the core clinical competencies needed to care for patients. Too often student observation results in highly variable evaluations which are skewed by factors other than the student’s actual performance. Among the barriers to effective direct observation and assessment include the lack of effective tools and strategies for assuring that transparent standards are used for judging clinical competency in authentic clinical settings. We developed a web-based content management system under the name, Just in Time Medicine (JIT), to address many of these issues. The goals of JIT were fourfold: First, to create a self-service interface allowing faculty with average computing skills to author customizable content and criterion-based assessment tools displayable on internet enabled devices, including mobile devices; second, to create an assessment and feedback tool capable of capturing learner progress related to hundreds of clinical skills; third, to enable easy access and utilization of these tools by faculty for learner assessment in authentic clinical settings as a means of just in time faculty development; fourth, to create a permanent record of the trainees’ observed skills useful for both learner and program evaluation. From July 2010 through October 2012, we implemented a JIT enabled clinical evaluation exercise (CEX) among 367 third year internal medicine students. Observers (attending physicians and residents) performed CEX assessments using JIT to guide and document their observations, record their time observing and providing feedback to the students, and their overall satisfaction. Inter-rater reliability and validity were assessed with 17 observers who viewed six videotaped student-patient encounters and by measuring the correlation between student CEX scores and their scores on subsequent standardized-patient OSCE exams. A total of 3567 CEXs were completed by 516 observers. The average number of evaluations per student was 9.7 (±1.8 SD) and the average number of CEXs completed per observer was 6.9 (±15.8 SD). Observers spent less than 10 min on 43–50% of the CEXs and 68.6% on feedback sessions. A majority of observers (92%) reported satisfaction with the CEX. Inter-rater reliability was measured at 0.69 among all observers viewing the videotapes and these ratings adequately discriminated competent from non-competent performance. The measured CEX grades correlated with subsequent student performance on an end-of-year OSCE. We conclude that the use of JIT is feasible in capturing discrete clinical performance data with a high degree of user satisfaction. Our embedded checklists had adequate inter-rater reliability and concurrent and predictive validity. PMID:24109549

Solomon, David

2013-01-01

363

A Consensus-based Educational Framework and Competency Set for the Discipline of Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Various organizations and universities have developed competencies for health profession- als and other emergency responders. Little effort has been devoted to the integration of these competencies across health specialties and professions. The American Medical Association Center for Public Health Preparedness and Disaster Response convened an expert working group (EWG) to review extant competencies and achieve consensus on an educational

Italo Subbarao; James M. Lyznicki; Edbert B. Hsu; Kristine M. Gebbie; David Markenson; Barbara Barzansky; John H. Armstrong; Emmanuel G. Cassimatis; Philip L. Coule; Cham E. Dallas; Richard V. King; Lewis Rubinson; Richard Sattin; Raymond E. Swienton; Scott Lillibridge; Frederick M. Burkle; Richard B. Schwartz; James J. James

2008-01-01

364

How to Help Senior Chemical Engineering Students Enhance and Develop Their Leadership Competence  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chemical engineering students at the University Rovira i Virgili (Tarragona, Spain) have the opportunity to enhance and develop their leadership competence by taking on a team leadership role in a first-year integrated design project. All fourth-year students enrolled for the Project Management in Practice (PMP) course go through a comprehensive team leader selection process. This selection process involves doing three psychometric tests (Belbin, Myers-Briggs, and Leadership Styles) and a competency-based interview with all the PMPs instructors. Finally, a group of about a dozen students are chosen to lead teams formed of first-year students and to manage the design project in which all first-year courses actively participate (hence the adjective of integrated). First-year team member selection is done by team leaders who develop their own selection criteria and take into account first-year students Belbin roles. The PMP course, like the first-year integrated design project, lasts two consecutive 15-week periods with 4 class hours per week. One hour is reserved for the individual coaching process between a PMP instructor and his/her assigned team leaders. Two more hours are devoted to teaching leadership, project management, and facilitation concepts, techniques, and tools. The remaining class hour is devoted to the weekly formal meeting of leaders with the first-year project team. Hence, there is also a vertical integration between the PMP course and the first-year integrated design project. The assessment of the team leaders leadership competence is carried out at the individual and team levels. At the individual level, the following processes are in place: (a) a 360-degree feedback process, (b) project management reports (a team charter and a final report per period), oral presentations (one presentation per period), (c) learning journals, (d) behavioral event interviews, and (e) focus groups with team members. Team effectiveness is measured by: (a) a team climate survey, (b) the evaluation of project products (a design report and a poster or an oral presentation followed by a defense), and (c) focus groups with first-year instructors.

Alabart, Joan; Medir, Magda; Ozgen, Sibel; Witt, Hans-Joerg

2011-08-31

365

Learning Strategies Used while Developing Motor Skill Assessment Competency  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effectiveness of a web-based assessment training program and whether explicitly guiding the participants toward the recommended learning sequence would improve their performance on assessing the underhand roll compared to participants that were given free choice of their learning sequence. Participants were 48 volunteer…

Kelly, Luke E.; Bishop, Jason

2013-01-01

366

Developing Competencies by Playing Digital Sports-Games  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea of digital game-based learning (DGBL) is that students (or players) learn something by playing a computer or video game and that an educator can employ digital games to assist and boost both formal and informal learning. There is game software that is not specifically produced for educational use but which is nonetheless regularly…

Kretschmann, Rolf

2010-01-01

367

Guide to Competency-Based Education for Business and Office Occupations. A Catalog of Bookkeeping/Accounting, Clerical/Secretarial, and Data Processing Skills Which Your Students Need to Get a Job and to Keep It.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide was developed to help administrators develop a competency-based postsecondary curriculum to prepare students for employment in business and office occupations. The content is in five sections. The first one introduces the concepts and techniques of competency-based education and includes some sample forms, such as student…

New Mexico State Dept. of Education; Santa Fe. Div. of Vocational Education.

368

Developing Leaders: The Role of Competencies in Rural Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pending retirements underscore the need to develop community college campus leaders. Rural community colleges will be particularly hard-hit by changes in leadership as they represent the majority of 2-year colleges and face unique challenges given their location. To help address the anticipated leadership transition, the American Association of…

Eddy, Pamela L.

2013-01-01

369

Developing Competency To Manage Diversity: Readings, Cases, and Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All members of organizations take part in creating a climate in which all people are treated fairly and can achieve and contribute to their full potential, and where diversity, as an organizational resource, can be fully leveraged to enhance organizational performance. This book was designed to assist individuals and work teams in developing

Cox, Taylor, Jr.; Beale, Ruby L.

370

Development of professional competence via self-instructional units.  

PubMed

In recent years, self-instructional teaching methods have come under criticism from educators, much of it warranted. But when self-instructional materials are written by experienced educators who teach the topic and are developed within a versatile process using a proven format, they are extremely valuable teaching aids. We discuss here the results of a grant project funded by W. K. Kellogg Foundation and describe the process used at Kettering Medical Center's School of Medical Technology to develop and produce over 100 self-instructional units. We also discuss potential uses of self-instructional units in professional continuing education programs and suggest ways self-instructional units might be used to promote interdisciplinary health care and expansion of professional knowledge banks. This project confirmed that professions can create their own educational materials through the independent efforts of their members. PMID:6735896

Fiene, M A; Fannon, M; Drewry, S; Spahn, M A

1984-05-01

371

Clinical Competencies Specific to Family-Based Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has indicated that traditional office-based family therapy services are not always effective with at-risk families and that there is an increasing trend toward home-based delivered services (W. Snyder & E. McCollum, 1999). In this qualitative study, the author explored experienced home-based family therapists' perceptions of the…

Stinchfield, Tracy Anne

2004-01-01

372

Instrumentation for Comparing Student and Faculty Perceptions of Competency-based Assessment  

PubMed Central

Objectives To compare student and faculty perceptions of the delivery and achievement of professional competencies in a doctor of pharmacy program in order to provide data for both accountability and curricular improvement purposes. Design A survey instrument was designed based on current learning theory, and 76 specific competency statements generated from mission and goal statements of The Ohio State University College of Pharmacy and the Center for the Advancement of Pharmaceutical Education. This instrument was administered to PharmD program students and faculty. Assessment The number of competencies by program year that are delivered in the curriculum, the percent of students and faculty reporting individual competency delivery and achievement, and differences between student and faculty perceptions of competency delivery and achievement are reported. Conclusion The faculty and student opinions provided an in-depth view of curricular outcomes. Gathering perception data from faculty and students about the delivery and achievement of competencies in a PharmD program can be used to both meet accreditation requirements (accountability) and to improve the curriculum (improvement). PMID:17332860

Kelley, Katherine A.; Demb, Ada

2006-01-01

373

Developing Social and Personal Competence in the First Year of College  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The available research on first-year college outcomes remains highly segmented (Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005) and surprisingly incomplete (Upcraft et al., 2005), particularly as it relates to psychosocial outcomes like social and personal competence. This study, based on data from nearly 6,700 students and 5,000 faculty members on 30 campuses…

Reason, Robert Dean; Terenzini, Patrick T.; Domingo, Robert J.

2007-01-01

374

The Basis for a Competency-Based Curriculum in Podiatric Medicine  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Pennsylvania College of Podiatric Medicine is exploring the possibility of using a curriculum based on the systematic feed-forward establishment of competency-based terminal performance objectives to replace the cyclic feedback approach of curricular design presently being used. (Author/LBH)

Lemont, Harvey; Gibley, Charles W., Jr.

1978-01-01

375

Assessment Criteria for Competency-Based Education: A Study in Nursing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effects of type of assessment criteria (performance-based vs. competency-based), the relevance of assessment criteria (relevant criteria vs. all criteria), and their interaction on secondary vocational education students' performance and assessment skills. Students on three programmes in the domain of nursing and care…

Fastré, Greet M. J.; van der Klink, Marcel R.; Amsing-Smit, Pauline; van Merriënboer, Jeroen J.

2014-01-01

376

Teacher Corps/Peace Corps Competency Based Elementary Physical Education Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Teacher Corps/Peace Corps project in elementary school physical education at Washington State University provided a graduate program which was competency based, field based, and partially individualized. The program attempted to fulfill the organizational goals of the two sponsoring federal agencies (Teacher Corps and Peace Corps). Teacher…

Enberg, Mary Lou

377

Teacher's Guide for Competency-Based Education Curriculum for Nursing Assistant. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide is designed to accompany the Nursing Assistant Competency-Based Education (CBE) Curriculum which is based on a survey of current practices in West Virginia and a neighboring labor market determining the tasks actually performed by people employed as nursing assistants. The guide is divided into eight major sections. Section 1…

Associated Educational Consultants, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.

378

Developing ambulatory care registered nurse competencies for care coordination and transition management.  

PubMed

The need for care coordination and management of transitions between Patient-Centered Medical Home providers, outpatient and community settings, including the Accountable Care Organization is often overlooked, episodic, and accountability for coordinating care and managing transitions between providers and services is lacking. Recognizing the potential of the RN to contribute to enhanced quality, cost effectiveness, and access to care in ambulatory settings, the Board of Directors of the American Academy of Ambulatory Care Nursing (AAACN) created a care coordination competencies action plan with three phases to delineate RN competencies and develop an education program for care coordination and transition management in ambulatory care. The first Expert Panel completed a comprehensive, interdisciplinary literature review and analysis focused on care coordination and transition management. The second Expert Panel--representing nu rsing, medicine, and pharmacy--defined the dimensions, identified core competencies, and described the activities linked with each competency for care coordination and transition management in ambulatory settings. The third Expert Panel reviewed, confirmed, and created a table of dimensions, activities, and competencies (including knowledge, skills, attitudes) for ambulatory care RN care coordination and transition management. PMID:23505750

Haas, Sheila; Swan, Beth Ann; Haynes, Traci

2013-01-01

379

Workplace based assessment: a step to promote competency based postgraduate training.  

PubMed

There has been an increasing emphasis on defining outcomes of medical education in terms of performance of trainees. This is a step beyond the description of outcomes in terms of competence that encompasses mostly potential abilities rather than the actual performance. The contextual adaptations and behavior judgments of the trainees are best assessed by a program of in-training assessment. Workplace based assessment (WPBA) is one of the modalities, which assesses the trainee in authentic settings. Though Postgraduate (PG) medical training in India is said to be competency-based, most institutions do not have any formative or in-training assessment program for the same. The two cardinal elements of WPBA are direct observation and conducted in work place in addition to provision of feedback to the trainee. The WPBA conforms to the highest (Level 4: Does) of Millers pyramid and also has the potential to assess at all four levels. Some of the tools used for WPBA are: Logbooks, Clinical Encounter Cards (CEC), mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX), Case based discussions, Direct Observation of Procedural Skills (DOPS), Multisource feedback (peers, co-workers, seniors, patients) etc. These can be documented in the form of a portfolio that provides a longitudinal view of experiences and progress of the trainee. The WPBA scores high on validity and educational impact by virtue of being based on direct observation in real situation and contextual feedback. The feasibility and acceptability is enhanced by making appropriate choices of tools, advance planning, building of mutual trust, and training of assessors. Given the established benefits of WPBA in shaping clinical learning, there is an imminent need for including this mode of assessment in our clinical training programs especially PG training. PMID:23942397

Singh, Tejinder; Modi, Jyoti Nath

2013-06-01

380

Developing Conversational Competence through Language Awareness and Multimodality: The Use of DVDs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The argument for a pedagogy of input oriented learning for the development of speaking competence (Sharwood-Smith, 1986; Bardovi-Harlig and Salsbury, 2004; Eslami-Rasekh, 2005) has been of increasing interest in Applied Linguistics circles. It has also been argued that multimedia applications, in particular DVDs, provide language learners with…

Jaen, Maria Moreno; Basanta, Perez

2009-01-01

381

Development of a roof competence tester. Report for 18 August 1980-19 March 1985  

Microsoft Academic Search

A four-year program was completed to develop a technique for measuring roof competence in underground coal mines. The preferred technique employs a tracer gas that is injected into a roof borehole drilled near the working face. The tracer gas performs the dual purpose of determining the pressure loss rate from the borehole and of marking the diffusion pattern of the

Czirr

1985-01-01

382

Moral Development in Business Education--Social Conditions Influencing Moral Judgement Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workplace relations like any social relation first and foremost have a moral dimension. Thus, if vocational education sees one of its major goals in helping apprentices to deal with moral issues, one of the core objectives in vocational education is the support of the apprentice's development of moral judgement competence. Since Lawrence…

Bienengräber, Thomas

2014-01-01

383

A Hierarchical Competing Systems Model of the Emergence and Early Development of Executive Function  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function--the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior--in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a…

Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

2009-01-01

384

Principal's Desirability for Professional Development in Competencies Related to Leading Special Education Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of public school principals within the Commonwealth of Virginia as to their desirability for professional development in leading special education programs within their schools. Given a list of 18 competencies related to leading special education principals rated their desirability for…

Pontius, Nicholas Frantz

2010-01-01

385

Developing Communication Competence Using an Online Video Reflection System: Pre-Service Teachers' Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on how the cognitive, behavioural and affective communication competencies of undergraduate students were developed using an online Video Reflection system. Pre-service teachers were provided with communication scenarios and asked to record short videos of one another making presentations. Students then uploaded their videos to…

Bower, Matt; Cavanagh, Michael; Moloney, Robyn; Dao, MingMing

2011-01-01

386

The Impact of Inclusion on Language Development and Social Competence Among Preschoolers With Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes progress in language development and social competence among 96 preschoolers with disabilities in inclusive and segregated classes. Pretest ability was the strongest predictor of progress. Other child, parent, and family characteristics were not associated with pretest developmental abilities or with progress. Degree of disability did not moderate the impact of placement type on developmental outcomes, controlling for

YVONNE RAFFERTY; VINCENZA PISCITELLI; CAROLINE BOETTCHER

387

Development of the Multicultural Counseling Inventory: A Self-Report Measure of Multicultural Competencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed Multicultural Counseling Inventory (MCI), self-report instrument that measures multicultural counseling competencies. Administered MCI to 604 psychology students, psychologists, and counselors (Study 1) and to 320 university counselors (Study 2). Results indicated that MCI has four factors: Multicultural Counseling Skills, Multicultural…

Sodowsky, Gargi Roysircar; And Others

1994-01-01

388

Developing Disaster Preparedness Competence: An Experiential Learning Exercise for Multiprofessional Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The hurricane disasters of 2005 and the threat of pandemic infectious diseases compel medical educators to develop emergency preparedness training for medical students and other health care professional students. Description: This article describes an experiential exercise for learning a number of the general core competencies in the 2003 AAMC report titled “Training Future Physicians about Weapons of Mass Destruction.”

Rasa Silenas; Ralitsa Akins; Alan R. Parrish; Janine C. Edwards

2008-01-01

389

Strategies for Developing the Affective Work Competencies of Marketing Education Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective strategies for developing the affective work competencies of marketing education students include teaching procedures, acquisition of skills and materials for teaching in the affective domain, and implementation considerations. Affective concerns in marketing can be grouped into three broad types of performance categories--self-concept,…

Meyer, Earl C.

390

The Development of Core Competencies for the Practice of Marriage and Family Therapy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to a series of national policy reports regarding what has been termed the "quality chasm" in health and mental health care in the United States, in January 2003, the American Association for Marriage and Family Therapy convened a task force to develop core competencies (CC) for the practice of marriage and family therapy (MFT). The…

Nelson, Thorana S.; Chenail, Ronald J.; Alexander, James F.; Crane, D. Russell; Johnson, Susan M.; Schwallie, Linda

2007-01-01

391

ICT in Teacher Education: Developing Key Competencies in Face-to-Face and Distance Learning  

E-print Network

ICT in Teacher Education: Developing Key Competencies in Face-to-Face and Distance Learning Ana A. This paper reports the training of 56 Teachers in ICT and Education Course. This course included one week content while incorporating technology concepts and skills" (p. 1) [2]. The ICT and Education Course

Boyer, Edmond

392

Using Video Feedback and Annotations to Develop ICT Competency in Pre-Service Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a study that focused on developing Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) competency in pre-service teacher education Units of Study. The study adopted a collaborative-learn-technology-by-design conceptual framework. One-hundred and twenty pre-service teachers participated in the semester-long study.…

Anderson, Kate; Kennedy-Clark, Shannon; Galstaun, Vilma

2012-01-01

393

Service-Learning: A Tool to Develop Employment Competencies for College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College students will face a workplace transformed even from the one that existed five years ago. Public and private organizations presently require employees to possess highly developed core competencies. This shift in expectations, exacerbated by high unemployment among recent college graduates, has made accountability a hot issue for higher…

Ramson, Amy J.

2014-01-01

394

Evolution of Competence Concept in Lithuania: From VET Reform to Development of National Qualifications System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to explore the development of the concept of competence in Lithuania beginning from the period of transition from the Soviet planned economy and post-totalitarian regime to the market economy and democratic society and ending with the designing and implementation of the National Qualifications System and Qualifications…

Lauzackas, Rimantas; Tutlys, Vidmantas; Spudyte, Irma

2009-01-01

395

Perception of Competence in Middle School Physical Education: Instrument Development and Validation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perception of Competence (POC) has been studied extensively in physical activity (PA) research with similar instruments adapted for physical education (PE) research. Such instruments do not account for the unique PE learning environment. Therefore, an instrument was developed and the scores validated to measure POC in middle school PE. A…

Scrabis-Fletcher, Kristin; Silverman, Stephen

2010-01-01

396

Promoting an "Active Start" for Young Children: Developing Competent and Confident Early Movers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With childhood obesity and physical inactivity at an all-time high, parents and physical educators alike must look to the early years to promote competent and confident young movers. Popular opinion believes that children are naturally active and motor skill development progresses as a normal function of getting older. However, if one looks at…

Goodway, Jacqueline D.; Wall, Sarah; Getchell, Nancy

2009-01-01

397

Instruction and Developing Second Language Pragmatic Competence: An Investigation into the Efficacy of Output  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of output in the context of instruction on developing second language (L2) pragmatic competence. The study focused on the ways in which opportunities for output raise adult ESL learners’ awareness of pragmalinguistic forms, thus facilitating the acquisition of those forms. The setting of the study was an intensive

Justin Edward Jernigan

2007-01-01

398

All Active, All Successful: Developing Teacher Competency in Elementary School Physical Education. Designed for Children Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist the beginning teacher to develop competency in teaching movement activities in the elementary school grades. A child-centered approach is offered for teaching all areas of the program: creative movement and dance, educational gymnastics, and games and sports. Teacher experiences are sequenced by way of progressive…

Arnett, Chappelle

399

Perceived Personal and Social Competence: Development of Valid and Reliable Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last 20 years, youth programming has shifted from risk reduction to youth development. While numerous instruments exist to measure selected individual characteristics/competencies among youth, a comprehensive instrument to measure four constructs of personal and social skills could not be identified. The purpose of this study was to…

Fetro, Joyce V.; Rhodes, Darson L.; Hey, David W.

2010-01-01

400

Developing Learners' Second Language Communicative Competence through Active Learning: Clickers or Communicative Approach?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to compare the impact of clickers, the communicative approach and the lecture method on the communicative competence development of learners who were taught English a second language (ESL). Ninety nine pupils from three primary schools participated in the study. Quasi-experimental non-randomised pre-test posttest…

Agbatogun, Alaba Olaoluwakotansibe

2014-01-01

401

Developing the Teaching Competences of Novice Faculty Members: A Review of International Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to outline what could be learned from the international research literature on the issue of developing teaching competences of novice faculty members. The mission of academics has changed in recent years. Academics must now also meet a strong social demand for graduates' access to employment and are increasingly…

Kiffer, Sacha; Tchibozo, Guy

2013-01-01

402

Matching of Developed Generic Competences of Graduates in Higher Education with Labour Market Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education provides graduates with both monetary and non-monetary benefits. Globalization and technological developments foster utilitarian approach, therefore the transmission of competences that are relevant in labour market is an important target for higher education institutions. The paper presents findings of research on the match of…

Pukelis, Kestutis; Pileicikiene, Nora

2012-01-01

403

Opinions of Primary School Science and Technology Teachers about Developing Students' Affective Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed to determine the primary school secondary level science and technology teachers' opinions about developing students' affective competence. It was designed as a case study with qualitative research method. The participants of the study consisted of 19 science and technology teachers with at least five years of experience,…

Eristi, Bahadir; Tunca, Nihal

2012-01-01

404

The Role of an Interactive Book Reading Program in the Development of Second Language Pragmatic Competence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigated the connection between Korean children's participation in an interactive book reading program and their development of pragmatic competence in English. Found that participation led to significant changes over a 4-month period in the mean number of words, utterances, and talk management features as measured by the changes in children's…

Kim, Daejin; Hall, Joan Kelly

2002-01-01

405

Barriers and Effective Educational Strategies to Develop Extension Agents' Professional Competencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported here determined the barriers and effective educational strategies to develop Extension agents' professional competencies. This was a descriptive survey research conducted with a random sample of Extension agents. Increased workload and lack of time and funding were identified as the most constraining barriers of Extension…

Lakai, Dona; Jayaratne, K. S. U.; Moore, Gary E.; Kistler, Mark J.

2012-01-01

406

Development of replication-competent viral vectors for HIV vaccine delivery  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review Briefly describe some of the replication-competent (RC) vectors being investigated for development of candidate HIV vaccines focusing primarily on technologies that have advanced to testing in macaques or have entered clinical trials. Recent findings RC viral vectors have advanced to the stage were decisions can be made regarding future development of HIV vaccines. The viruses being used as RC vector platforms vary considerably, and their unique attributes make it possible to test multiple vaccine design concepts and also mimic various aspects of an HIV infection. RC viral vectors encoding SIV or HIV proteins can be used to safely immunize macaques, and in some cases, there is evidence of significant vaccine efficacy in challenge protection studies. Several live HIV vaccine vectors are in clinical trials to evaluate immunogenicity, safety, the effect of mucosal delivery, and potential effects of pre-existing immunity. Summary A variety of DNA and RNA viruses are being used to develop RC viral vectors for HIV vaccine delivery. Multiple viral vector platforms have proven to be safe and immunogenic with evidence of efficacy in macaques. Some of the more advanced HIV vaccine prototypes based on vesicular stomatitis virus, vaccinia virus, measles virus, and Sendai virus are in clinical trials. PMID:23925000

Parks, Christopher L.; Picker, Louis J.; King, C. Richter

2014-01-01

407

Developing a curriculum framework for global health in family medicine: emerging principles, competencies, and educational approaches  

PubMed Central

Background Recognizing the growing demand from medical students and residents for more comprehensive global health training, and the paucity of explicit curricula on such issues, global health and curriculum experts from the six Ontario Family Medicine Residency Programs worked together to design a framework for global health curricula in family medicine training programs. Methods A working group comprised of global health educators from Ontario's six medical schools conducted a scoping review of global health curricula, competencies, and pedagogical approaches. The working group then hosted a full day meeting, inviting experts in education, clinical care, family medicine and public health, and developed a consensus process and draft framework to design global health curricula. Through a series of weekly teleconferences over the next six months, the framework was revised and used to guide the identification of enabling global health competencies (behaviours, skills and attitudes) for Canadian Family Medicine training. Results The main outcome was an evidence-informed interactive framework http://globalhealth.ennovativesolution.com/ to provide a shared foundation to guide the design, delivery and evaluation of global health education programs for Ontario's family medicine residency programs. The curriculum framework blended a definition and mission for global health training, core values and principles, global health competencies aligning with the Canadian Medical Education Directives for Specialists (CanMEDS) competencies, and key learning approaches. The framework guided the development of subsequent enabling competencies. Conclusions The shared curriculum framework can support the design, delivery and evaluation of global health curriculum in Canada and around the world, lay the foundation for research and development, provide consistency across programmes, and support the creation of learning and evaluation tools to align with the framework. The process used to develop this framework can be applied to other aspects of residency curriculum development. PMID:21781319

2011-01-01

408

Development of competence for genetic transformation of Streptococcus mutans in a chemically defined medium.  

PubMed

Streptococcus mutans develops competence for genetic transformation in response to regulatory circuits that sense at least two peptide pheromones. One peptide, known as CSP, is sensed by a two-component signal transduction system through a membrane receptor, ComD. The other, derived from the primary translation product ComS, is thought to be sensed by an intracellular receptor, ComR, after uptake by oligopeptide permease. To allow study of this process in a medium that does not itself contain peptides, development of competence was examined in the chemically defined medium (CDM) described by van de Rijn and Kessler (Infect. Immun. 27:444, 1980). We confirmed a previous report that in this medium comS mutants of strain UA159 respond to a synthetic peptide comprising the seven C-terminal residues of ComS (ComS(11-17)) by increasing expression of the alternative sigma factor SigX, which in turn allows expression of competence effector genes. This response provided the basis for a bioassay for the ComS pheromone in the 100 to 1,000 nM range. It was further observed that comS(+) (but not comS mutant) cultures developed a high level of competence in the late log and transition phases of growth in this CDM without the introduction of any synthetic stimulatory peptide. This endogenous competence development was accompanied by extracellular release of one or more signals that complemented a comS mutation at levels equivalent to 1 ?M synthetic ComS(11-17). PMID:22609913

Desai, Kunal; Mashburn-Warren, Lauren; Federle, Michael J; Morrison, Donald A

2012-08-01

409

A Competency-Based Instructional Program for Plant Process Operations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program guide provides materials to prepare learners for employment as Process Plant Operators through classroom instruction and practical shop experience. Contents include instructional goal and subgoals, an instructional analysis that describes development of the materials and instructional equipment and supplies and facilities…

McDaniel, Joy; Mills, Steven

410

Air Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration. Competency-Based Curriculum Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was developed to serve as an aid to administrators and instructors involved with postsecondary air conditioning, heating, and refrigeration programs. The first of six chapters contains general information on program implementation, the curriculum design, facilities and equipment requirements, and textbooks and references. Chapter 2…

Gourley, Frank A., Jr.

411

Competency-Based Curriculum in Communications. General Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed and written for industrial arts instructors and students, this teacher-developed curriculum offers both a model for instructors and practical guidelines for classroom activities that explore the field of communications. Various aspects of course design and delivery are covered in the introductory section, including course goals and…

Tennessee State Dept. of Education, Nashville. Div. of Vocational-Technical Education.

412

An ecological model of developing researcher competence: the case of software technology in doctoral research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an ecological model of developing researcher competence, with a particular focus on doctoral students’\\u000a use of research software. The model extends on theoretical work done by Young et al. (Instructional Science 30(1): 47–63, 2002), modelling the intentional dynamics of technological learning contexts. The development of the ecological\\u000a model is linked to existing ways of understanding the doctoral

Juup Stelma

2011-01-01

413

Not Just Falling over the Line? A Snapshot of Competency-Based Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The implementation of competency-based assessment (CBA) under Australia's National Training Framework was evaluated to provide indicators for improvement in CBA policy and practice. The evaluation included three data collection activities: a survey of 258 teachers, trainers, and assessors (response rate, 43%); a survey of 68 Industry Training…

Dickson, Michelle; Bloch, Barbara

414

Competency-Based Behavior Consultation Training: An Evaluation of Consultant Outcomes, Treatment Effects, and Consumer Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessments of consultants, clients, and consumer satisfaction were used to examine the effects of a competency-based consultation training program conducted over 4 years. Using a multiple-baseline framework to assess training effects on consultants and single-case study designs to evaluate changes in client behavior, a number of significant…

Lepage, Kathy; Kratochwill, Thomas R.; Elliott, Stephen N.

2004-01-01

415

Cultural Competence and Evidence-Based Practice in Mental Health Services: A Complementary Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for cultural competence and the need for evidence-based practice in mental health services are major issues in contemporary discourse, especially in the psychological treatment of people of color. Although these 2 paradigms are complementary in nature, there is little cross-fertilization in the psychological literature. The present article illustrates the complementary nature of these 2 paradigms. A main point

Arthur L. Whaley; King E. Davis

2007-01-01

416

Competency-Based Curriculum for Prevocational Exploration. Marine/Fresh Water.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based curriculum is intended to help teachers of prevocational career exploration courses in West Virginia to present information about marine/fresh water occupations. The document is organized into five units: fisheries, life sciences, marine life cultivation, research, and water vehicle operation. Each unit consists of five to 15…

Reese, Clara C.

417

Health Services: Clinical. Respiratory Therapy Aide. Instructor's Manual. Competency-Based Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This instructor's manual consists of materials for use in presenting a course in the occupational area of respiratory therapy aide. Included in the first part of the guide are a program master sequence; a master listing of instructional materials, equipment, and supplies; an overview of the competency-based vocational education (CBVE) system; and…

Cave, Julie; And Others

418

A Disciplinary Perspective of Competency-Based Training on the Acquisition of Employability Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the changing global economy, employability skills increasingly are the focus of vocational education and training institutions. This paper explores the effect of academic disciplines, students' background characteristics and industry training on the acquisition of employability skills through competency-based training. A significant…

Boahin, Peter; Hofman, Adriaan

2013-01-01

419

Dental Assisting. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Mattia, Nancy

420

Plumbing and Heating. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Mahieu, Louis

421

The Change towards a Teaching Methodology Based on Competences: A Case Study in a Spanish University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Higher Education Area (EHEA) has promoted the implementation of a teaching methodology based on competences. Drawing on New Institutional Sociology, the present work aims to identify and improve knowledge concerning the factors which are hindering that change in the Spanish university system. This is investigated using a case study…

Gonzalez, Jose Maria G.; Arquero Montaño, Jose Luis; Hassall, Trevor

2014-01-01

422

All Hands on Deck: Ten Lessons from Early Adopters of Competency-Based Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The perceived value of postsecondary education to economic competitiveness and individual success is driving innovation in higher education. Competency-based education (CBE) is the latest disruption that seeks to respond to the growing sense of national urgency to boost education attainment. The target audience generally includes those adult…

Book, Patricia A.

2014-01-01

423

Electrical Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Cannone, Richard

424

Fashion Merchandising. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Williams, Edwina

425

Competency Based Training Program for Department Chairpersons and Other Resource Personnel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Competency Based Training Program is a three part, three phase package. It contains: (1) a research document; (2) a set of 18 programed units and; (3) cassettes to accompany two specific units. The program phases require that: (1) the participant and a training advisor jointly perform a needs assessment activity and select appropriate units…

Bingen, Frances N.; And Others

426

Competency Based Training. NCVER Research Forum (Adelaide, Australia, November 10, 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication reports on a forum on competency based training (CBT) research in Australia. Section 1 contains biographies of presenters and panel members. Section 2 presents an overview of the research and highlights key findings. Summaries follow of each of the five key projects. "The CBT Decade: Teaching for Flexibility and Adaptability"…

National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).

427

An Example of Competence-Based Learning: Use of Maxima in Linear Algebra for Engineers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyses the role of Computer Algebra Systems (CAS) in a model of learning based on competences. The proposal is an e-learning model Linear Algebra course for Engineering, which includes the use of a CAS (Maxima) and focuses on problem solving. A reference model has been taken from the Spanish Open University. The proper use of CAS is…

Diaz, Ana; Garcia, Alfonsa; de la Villa, Agustin

2011-01-01

428

An Examination of Differences in Assessment Center Leadership Competency Rating Based on Gender and Academic Major  

E-print Network

classification systems for styles of leadership (Northouse, 2010). Differences in workplace styles between241 An Examination of Differences in Assessment Center Leadership Competency Rating Based on Gender The Pennsylvania State University Abstract The study investigates whether there are differences in leadership

Omiecinski, Curtis

429

Printing. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Abram, Roy

430

The Australian Way: Competency-Based Training in the Corporate Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examples from road construction, mining, and other Australian industries show that the corporate sector has responded slowly to the introduction of a national framework for competency-based training. As industry bears more of the costs of training, it has yet to see returns in terms of productivity gains. (SK)

Kellie, Deborah

1999-01-01

431

School Television for Social Studies: A Competency-Based Matrix, Grade 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This matrix keys school films to the social studies competency-based curriculum cbjectives for grade 5. Three television series are included. Emphasis is placed on geography, people, and the economy, but the themes are also related to history and government. The first series, "Across Cultures," focuses on the people of North America, South…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

432

Food Services. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; preface; a…

Vastano, Josephine; And Others

433

Cultural Competence and Evidence-Based Practice in Mental Health Services: A Complementary Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for cultural competence and the need for evidence-based practice in mental health services are major issues in contemporary discourse, especially in the psychological treatment of people of color. Although these 2 paradigms are complementary in nature, there is little cross-fertilization in the psychological literature. The present…

Whaley, Arthur L.; Davis, King E.

2007-01-01

434

What Indicates Competency in Systems Based Practice? An Analysis of Perspective Consistency among Healthcare Team Members  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many parts of the world the practice of medicine and medical education increasingly focus on providing patient care within context of the larger healthcare system. Our purpose is to solicit perceptions of all professional stakeholders (e.g. nurses) of the system regarding the U.S. ACGME competency Systems Based Practice to uncover the extent to…

Graham, Mark J.; Naqvi, Zoon; Encandela, John A.; Bylund, Carma L.; Dean, Randa; Calero-Breckheimer, Ayxa; Schmidt, Hilary J.

2009-01-01

435

Building Trades. COM-LINK. Competency Based Vocational Curricula with Basic Skills and Academic Linkages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This competency-based module uses the Ocean County (New Jersey) Vocational-Technical Schools curriculum-infused model for infusing basic skills instruction into vocational education. The model demonstrates the relationship of vocational skills to communication, mathematics, and science. The document begins with a philosophy statement; a preface; a…

Gudzak, Raymond

436

Remediating and Enriching Performance Learning. Implementing Competency Based Education in Community Colleges, 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of a series on implementing competency-based education, this monograph discusses some diagnostic and prescriptive techniques which can be used in the day-to-day management of performance learning to determine which students need remediation or enrichment. Using analogies from detective work, the monograph suggests ways of assessing students'…

Loomis, Katherine A.; And Others

437

Competence-Based Blended Learning in Building Automation: Towards a EU Curriculum in "Domotica"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A competence-based approach was applied to a blended learning on line distance training in the Euroinno EU project aimed at vocational training in building automation. The current paper describes the experience gathered during the learning process and the definition of the curriculum. A number of issues emerged during the sessions concerning…

Sommaruga, L.; De Angelis, E.

2007-01-01

438

Client-Based Projects and the ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The library literature contains many discussions on problem-based learning as a means of engaging students in instruction and promoting information literacy. A related but relatively unexplored opportunity is available through client-based projects. Using examples from the business education literature, library literature, and the author's experience, the author attempts to connect the consulting processes of client-based projects to information literacy competencies,

Carissa M. Holler

2009-01-01

439

Physicians' strikes and the competing bases of physicians' moral obligations.  

PubMed

Many authors have addressed the morality of physicians' strikes on the assumption that medical practice is morally different from other kinds of occupations. This article analyzes three prominent theoretical accounts that attempt to ground such special moral obligations for physicians--practice-based accounts, utilitarian accounts, and social contract accounts--and assesses their applicability to the problem of the morality of strikes. After critiquing these views, it offers a fourth view grounding special moral obligations in voluntary commitments, and explains why this is a preferable basis for understanding physicians' moral obligations in general and especially as pertaining to strikes. PMID:24199524

MacDougall, D Robert

2013-09-01

440

The Development of Communicative Competence [Research and Development Needs and Priorities for the Education of American Indians]. A Position Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Problems in the measurement of communicative competence of American Indian children are discussed in this position paper. Problems include the failure of traditional observations and measurements, and judgments by educators based on non-Indian experiences and expectations. Some trends in contemporary research concerned with these problems are…

John, Vera

441

Beyond cultural competence: a model for individual and institutional cultural development.  

PubMed

Nursing's attention to cultural diversity has been influenced by the changing demographic composition of the U.S. population. Nursing must continue to increase awareness and promote attitudinal and behavioral changes that will result in the delivery of culturally appropriate nursing care. The nursing literature includes several models of cultural development to assist nurses and other health care professionals in conducting a cultural assessment and incorporating cultural data into nursing care plans. This article presents a synthesis model of cultural development that illustrates that cultural awareness, cultural sensitivity, and cultural competence do not achieve the level of cultural development necessary to meet the health care needs of a diverse population. Cultural proficiency is a concept that extends cultural competence into nursing practice, administration, education, and research. It is a philosophical and behavioral approach to cultural diversity that guides and prescribes individual and institutional behavior toward "cultural others." PMID:11126891

Wells, M I

2000-01-01

442

Professionnalisation ou Deprofessionnalisation: Une Base Conceptuelle pour L'evaluation de La Competence en Psychologie.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elements of professionalization--systematic body of theory, social recognition, monopoly, and degree of organization--are presented and applied to the development of professional psychology in Quebec. The concept of deprofessionalization is introduced as an alternative basis for evaluating competence in professional psychology. (Author)

Perron, Jacques; And Others

1980-01-01

443

Feature Based Modelling: A Methodology for Producing Coherent, Consistent, Dynamically Changing Models of Agents' Competencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feature Ba sed Modelling uses attribute value machine learning techniques to model an agent's competency. This is achieved by creating a model describing the relationships between the features of the agent's actions and of the contexts in which those actions are performed. This paper describes techniques that have been developed for creating these models and for extracting key information therefrom.

Geoffrey I. Webb; Mark Kuzmycz

1995-01-01

444

Interventional pain management skills competency in pain medicine fellows: a method for development and assessment.  

PubMed

The purposes of this project were to propose an educational module to instruct pain medicine fellows in the appropriate performance of interventional pain management techniques and to verify procedural competency through objective evaluation methodology. Eight board-certified pain medicine physicians spanning two fellowship programs trained seven fellows using a standardized competency-based module. Assessment tools address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (American Board of Anesthesiology Pain Medicine Content Outline). The seven fellows demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation module. Objective measures compared the fellows' performance on standardized procedure checklists administered 9 mos into training; fellows in the 2012-2013 academic year also received testing at the 3-mo mark. Support for the assessment module is demonstrated by appropriate performance of interventional procedures, with improvement noted from 3-mo to 9-mo testing, successful completion of chart-stimulated oral examinations, proper performance of relevant physical examination maneuvers, and completion of program-specific medical knowledge written tests. The fellows were evaluated via patient surveys and 360-degree global rating scales, maintained procedure logs, and completed two patient-care reports; these were reviewed by program directors to ensure adequate completion. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology presented provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical skill area of interventional pain management. PMID:25033098

McElroy, Kevin; Cuccurullo, Sara J; Perret-Karimi, Danielle; Hata, Justin; Ferrer, Steven M; Demesmin, Didier; Petagna, Ann Marie

2014-08-01

445

Developing a Competence Framework and Evaluation Tool for Primary Care Nursing in South Africa  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT Context: Nurses provide the bulk of primary care services in South Africa. Post-apartheid health legislation envisions the provision of comprehensive primary services at all public clinics, which implies the need for a cadre of primary care nurses able to render such services. Objectives: To identify core competencies of clinic nurses and develop an evaluation tool for primary care nursing in South Africa. Methods: The descriptive and exploratory techniques used included two meetings of a reference group of South African primary care professionals, followed by a consensusbuilding exercise. Using the Delphi technique expert opinion was solicited from South Africa, Canada and the USA. Findings: The reference group meetings yielded a list of nine core competencies. Infrastructure issues, such as the supermarket (one-stop shopping) approach to service delivery, communication and transport systems, and the quality of supervision still cause concern. These issues underscore that competence cannot be measured in a vacuum. Input from Delphi participants affirmed the nine core competencies and the need to assess

Susan Strasser; Leslie London; Elma Kortenbout

446

The role of simulation in the development of technical competence during surgical training: a literature review  

PubMed Central

Objectives To establish the current state of knowledge on the effect of surgical simulation on the development of technical competence during surgical training. Methods Using a defined search strategy, the medical and educational literature was searched to identify empirical research that uses simulation as an educational intervention with surgical trainees. Included studies were analysed according to guidelines adapted from a Best Evidence in Medical Education review. Results A total of 32 studies were analysed, across 5 main categories of surgical simulation technique - use of bench models and box trainers (9 studies); Virtual Reality (14 studies); human cadavers (4 studies); animal models (2 studies) and robotics (3 studies). An improvement in technical skill was seen within the simulated environment across all five categories. This improvement was seen to transfer to the real patient in the operating room in all categories except the use of animals. Conclusions Based on current evidence, surgical trainees should be confident in the effects of using simulation, and should have access to formal, structured simulation as part of their training. Surgical simulation should incorporate the use of bench models and box trainers, with the use of Virtual Reality where resources allow. Alternatives to cadaveric and animal models should be considered due to the ethical and moral issues surrounding their use, and due to their equivalency with other simulation techniques. However, any use of surgical simulation must be tailored to the individual needs of trainees, and should be accompanied by feedback from expert tutors.

2013-01-01

447

Inquiry-Based Science Education Competencies of Primary School Teachers: A Literature Study and Critical Review of the American National Science Education Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inquiry-based science education is an important innovation. Researchers and teachers consider it to be stimulating for pupils' application of research skills, construction of meaning and acquiring scientific knowledge. However, there is ambiguity as to what competencies are required to teach inquiry-based science. Our purpose is to develop a…

Alake-Tuenter, Ester; Biemans, Harm J. A.; Tobi, Hilde; Wals, Arjen E. J.; Oosterheert, Ida; Mulder, Martin

2012-01-01

448

A Conceptual and Empirical Review of the Meaning, Measurement, Development, and Teaching of Intervention Competence in Clinical Psychology  

PubMed Central

Through the course of this paper we discuss several fundamental issues related to the intervention competence of psychologists. Following definitional clarification and proposals for more strictly distinguishing competence from adherence, we interpret Dreyfus and Dreyfus’s (1986) five stage theory of competence development (from novice to expert) within a strictly clinical framework. Existing methods of competence assessment are then evaluated, and we argue for the use of new and multiple assessment modalities. Next, we utilize the previous sections as a foundation to propose methods for training and evaluating competent psychologists. Lastly, we discuss several potential impediments to large scale competence assessment and education, such as the heterogeneity of therapeutic orientations and what could be termed a lack of transparency in clinical training. PMID:18952334

Barber, Jacques P.

2009-01-01

449

How clinicians develop confidence in their competence in performing aspiration abortion.  

PubMed

In this article we explore how nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and nurse midwives in California (collectively referred to as clinicians) developed confidence while learning to provide vacuum aspiration abortion. We interviewed clinicians (n = 30) who worked in reproductive health care settings and had participated in a large abortion-training study. Although the training had moral and political significance for the trainees, in this article we focus on their experience of skill development and how they gained confidence and competence in aspiration abortion, a procedure typically performed by physicians. We argue that confidence is not one dimensional. Understanding the diverse ways in which clinicians arrive at confidence might inform health care training and education generally. By examining attained competency from the clinicians' perspectives, we continue the discussion within the social science of health care and medicine about how clinicians know what they know and what expertise feels like to them. PMID:24265103

Freedman, Lori; Levi, Amy

2014-01-01

450

Evaluating Program Effectiveness or, If the Program is Competency-Based, How Come the Evaluation Is Costing So Much?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concern with competency-based education is not whether it is any different from the more traditional approaches but whether it is worth the considerable effort it involves. There are several aspects of a competency-based program to be considered in its evaluation. The first is whether or not there is a justifiable need for the specified…

Scriven, Michael

451

Selection rhizosphere-competent microbes for development of microbial products as biocontrol agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rhizosphere-borne microorganisms reintroduced to the soil-root interface can establish without inducing permanent disturbance in the microbial balance and effectively colonise the rhizosphere due to carbon sources of plant root exudates. A challenge for future development of microbial products for use in agriculture will be selection of rhizosphere-competent microbes that both protect the plant from pathogens and improve crop establishment and

A. V. Mashinistova; A. A. Elchin; N. V. Gorbunova; V. S. Muratov; K. A. Kydralieva; B. M. Khudaibergenova; V. P. Shabaev; Sh. J. Jorobekova

2009-01-01

452

Supporting Early Childhood Teachers to Promote Children's Social Competence: Components for Best Professional Development Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing recognition that young children's social competence is critical because it is positively associated with their school readiness and academic success. However, professional development (PD) opportunities for early childhood teachers to enhance their roles in promoting young children's social competence are limited. In…

Han, Heejeong Sophia

2014-01-01

453

Genetic education and the challenge of genomic medicine: development of core competences to support preparation of health professionals in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of genetics and genomics within a wide range of health-care settings requires health professionals to develop expertise to practise appropriately. There is a need for a common minimum standard of competence in genetics for health professionals in Europe but because of differences in professional education and regulation between European countries, setting curricula may not be practical. Core competences

Heather Skirton; Celine Lewis; Alastair Kent; Domenico A Coviello

2010-01-01

454

Youth Programs and the Job Training Partnership Act. Developing Competency Standards: A Guide for Private Industry Council Members.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is intended to assist Private Industry Council (PIC) members in developing competency standards for youth programs receiving Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) funds. Discussed first are the benefits of competency standards to PICs and service delivery areas (SDAs). The various components of program standards (types of skills, skill…

Strumpf, Lori

455

A hierarchical competing systems model of the emergence and early development of executive function  

PubMed Central

The hierarchical competing systems model (HCSM) provides a framework for understanding the emergence and early development of executive function – the cognitive processes underlying the conscious control of behavior – in the context of search for hidden objects. According to this model, behavior is determined by the joint influence of a developmentally invariant habit system and a conscious representational system that becomes increasingly influential as children develop. This article describes a computational formalization of the HCSM, reviews behavioral and computational research consistent with the model, and suggests directions for future research on the development of executive function. PMID:19120405

Marcovitch, Stuart; Zelazo, Philip David

2010-01-01

456

The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC): development and validation of a self-reported measure that fits dimensions of emotional competence theory.  

PubMed

Emotional Competence (EC), which refers to individual differences in the identification, understanding, expression, regulation and use of one's own emotions and those of others, has been found to be an important predictor of individuals' adaptation to their environment. Higher EC is associated with greater happiness, better mental and physical health, more satisfying social and marital relationships and greater occupational success. While it is well-known that EC (as a whole) predicts a number of important outcomes, it is unclear so far which specific competency(ies) participate(s) in a given outcome. This is because no measure of EC distinctly measures each of the five core emotional competences, separately for one's own and others' emotions. This lack of information is problematic both theoretically (we do not understand the processes at stake) and practically (we cannot develop customized interventions). This paper aims to address this issue. We developed and validated in four steps a complete (albeit short: 50 items) self-reported measure of EC: the Profile of Emotional Competence. Analyses performed on a representative sample of 5676 subjects revealed promising psychometric properties. The internal consistency of scales and subscales alike was satisfying, factorial structure was as expected, and concurrent/discriminant validity was good. PMID:23671616

Brasseur, Sophie; Grégoire, Jacques; Bourdu, Romain; Mikolajczak, Moïra

2013-01-01

457

The Profile of Emotional Competence (PEC): Development and Validation of a Self-Reported Measure that Fits Dimensions of Emotional Competence Theory  

PubMed Central

Emotional Competence (EC), which refers to individual differences in the identification, understanding, expression, regulation and use of one’s own emotions and those of others, has been found to be an important predictor of individuals’ adaptation to their environment. Higher EC is associated with greater happiness, better mental and physical health, more satisfying social and marital relationships and greater occupational success. While it is well-known that EC (as a whole) predicts a number of important outcomes, it is unclear so far which specific competency(ies) participate(s) in a given outcome. This is because no measure of EC distinctly measures each of the five core emotional competences, separately for one’s own and others’ emotions. This lack of information is problematic both theoretically (we do not understand the processes at stake) and practically (we cannot develop customized interventions). This paper aims to address this issue. We developed and validated in four steps a complete (albeit short: 50 items) self-reported measure of EC: the Profile of Emotional Competence. Analyses performed on a representative sample of 5676 subjects revealed promising psychometric properties. The internal consistency of scales and subscales alike was satisfying, factorial structure was as expected, and concurrent/discriminant validity was good. PMID:23671616

Brasseur, Sophie; Gregoire, Jacques; Bourdu, Romain; Mikolajczak, Moira

2013-01-01

458

Developing a Culturally Competent Peer Support Intervention for Spanish-speaking Latinas with Breast Cancer  

PubMed Central

Little research exists on the need for, barriers to, and acceptability and effectiveness of psychosocial support services among Latinas with breast cancer, despite their increased risks of psychosocial distress. This formative research study identifies barriers to and benefits and components of an effective peer support counselor intervention for Spanish-speaking Latinas recently diagnosed with breast cancer. Analysis was based on interviews of 89 Latino cancer patients referred to psychosocial services; 29 Spanish-speaking survivors of breast cancer; and 17 culturally competent advocates for Latinos with cancer. Results indicate that interventions should begin close to diagnosis; build self-care skills; be culturally competent and emotionally supportive; provide language appropriate cancer information; encourage self-expression; and address lack of access to and knowledge of services. Creating such psychosocial programs with input from survivors and advocates who have similar self-identities to patients would improve quality of life in diverse and underserved populations. PMID:18340533

Napoles-Springer, Anna M.; Ortiz, Carmen; O'Brien, Helen; Diaz-Mendez, Maria

2013-01-01

459

Development of a tool to measure clinical competence in occupational therapy: a pilot study?  

PubMed

Clinical competence is generally defined as a combination of knowledge, skill and professional behaviour. It is typically assessed using written tests, direct observation, chart audit, client satisfaction surveys and supervisor ratings. This paper describes the development and evaluation of a chart-stimulated recall (CSR) measure that combines the methods of chart audit and clinician interview to assess the clinical competence of practicing occupational therapists. The CSR tool was developed using the Canadian Guidelines for Client-Centred Practice and taps global domains of competence: use of theory, assessment, program planning, intervention, discharge planning, follow-up, program evaluation, clinical reasoning and professional behaviours. This pilot study involved two independent raters/interviewers who assessed twelve occupational therapy clinicians on two occasions using a random sample of client cases/records on each occasion Results indicate that the CSR tool is not only reliable and valid, but also sufficiently generic to be used in a variety of practice settings as a global measure of on-the-job performance. PMID:10695169

Salvatori, P; Baptiste, S; Ward, M

2000-02-01

460

Developing communication competency in the context of cancer: a critical interpretive analysis of provider training programs.  

PubMed

We conducted a critical interpretive analysis of 47 studies from the Cochrane Review of the communications training literature to capture the empirical indicators used to judge provider communication competency and to describe how the indicators were characterized in the context of a cancer care system. Of the 47 studies reviewed, few showed any resemblance to recommendations from two international consensus conferences of experts in the communication research field. Some of the challenges in moving forward with cancer-related communication skills involve deciding what we want people to learn, providing learning across various experiences, identifying learning models, and finding alternate ways of motivating people to learn. Once core competencies are clearly articulated, we can determine the best approaches for developing cancer-specific training programs. PMID:16200525

Butler, Lorna; Degner, Lesley; Baile, Walter; Landry, M

2005-10-01

461

Validation of the Competencies Needed by Vocational Education Teachers, Middle Managers, and Administrators. Phase II of a Professional Development Study for Massachusetts, Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the first of four volumes reporting phase 2 of a two-phase project to examine the competency-based vocational teacher education movement and analyze the current state of the art (phase 1), and to assess the implications for preservice, inservice, and leadership level professional development programs in career and occupational education in…

Boston Univ., MA. School of Education.

462

Validation of the Competencies Needed by School Personnel to Implement Career Education. Phase II of a Professional Development Study for Massachusetts, Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second of four volumes reporting phase 2 of a two-phase project to examine the competency-based vocational teacher education movement and analyze the current state of the art (phase 1), and to assess the implications for preservice, inservice, and leadership level professional development programs in career and occupational education…

Boston Univ., MA. School of Education.

463

A Novel Hybrid MADM Based Competence Set Expansions of a SOC Design Service Firm  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the IC (integrated circuit) industry migrates to the System-on-Chip (SOC) era, a novel business model, the SOC design service (DS), is emerging. However, how to expand a firm’s innovation competences while satisfying multiple objectives including highest quality, lowest cost, and fastest time to market as well as most revenues for economics of scale are always problems for a design service firm. Therefore, attempts to expand the innovation competences, and thus the competitiveness, of latecomers in the SOC DS industry have already become the most critical issue facing the top managers of SOC design service firms. In this paper, a novel multiple attribute decision making (MADM) analytic framework based on the concept of competence set expansion, as well as MADM methods consisting with DEMATEL, ANP and multiple objective decision making (MODM) will be proposed in order to define a path for expanding a late-coming SOC DS firm’s innovation capabilities. An empirical study on expanding innovation competence sets, of a late-coming Taiwanese DS firm then will be presented.

Huang, Chi-Yo; Tzeng, Gwo-Hshiung; Lue, Yeou-Feng; Chuang, Hsiu-Tyan

464

Leadership competencies and perceptions of students following a traditional or web-based graduate academic leadership course  

E-print Network

leadership competency scores based on self-perceived leadership skills, leadership expertise, and Web-based and traditional classroom style. The population for this study consisted of students enrolled in a graduate level leadership course in the Spring...

Koch, Sharon Elaine

2005-08-29

465

Study on Evaluation Model of the Fourth Party Logistics Enterprise's Core Competence Based on Information Entropy of Fuzzy Matter-Element Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the theory of core competence, the paper analyzes the Fourth Party Logistic enterprise's concept, characteristics and function, and then it establishes evaluation index system of 4PL's core competence and uses information entropy of fuzzy matter-element model to calculate the core competence. In the end, though positive analysis, the paper proposes suggestion of evaluating and enhancing 4PL's core competence.

Li Ji-yong; Xie Yun-pu; Zhang Yan-hong

2010-01-01

466

Competencies for Student Leadership Development in Doctor of Pharmacy Curricula to Assist Curriculum Committees and Leadership Instructors  

PubMed Central

Objective. To assist curriculum committees and leadership instructors by gathering expert opinion to define student leadership development competencies for pharmacy curricula. Methods. Twenty-six leadership instructors participated in a 3-round, online, modified Delphi process to define competencies for student leadership development in pharmacy curricula. Round 1 asked open-ended questions about leadership knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Round 2 grouped responses for agreement rating and comment. Round 3 allowed rating and comment on competencies not yet meeting consensus, which was prospectively set at 80%. Results. Eleven competencies attained 80% consensus or higher and were grouped into 3 areas: leadership knowledge, personal leadership commitment, and leadership skill development. Connections to contemporary leadership development literature were outlined for each competency as a means of verifying the panel’s work. Conclusions. The leadership competencies will aid students in addressing: What is leadership? Who am I as a leader? What skills and abilities do I need to be effective? The competencies will help curriculum committees and leadership instructors to focus leadership development opportunities, identify learning assessments, and define program evaluation. PMID:24371346

Traynor, Andrew P.; Boyle, Cynthia J.

2013-01-01

467

Subject-centered and problem-based approaches to teaching clinical competence in physical therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical therapy students must apply the relevant information learned in their academic and clinical experience to problem solve in treating patients. I compared the clinical cognitive competence in patient care of second-year masters students enrolled in two different curricular programs: modified problem-based (M P-B; n = 27) and subject-centered (S-C; n = 41). Main features of S-C learning include lecture

Ana Maria Villarreal Hilton

2005-01-01

468

An Empirically Based Field-Education Model: Preparing Students for Culturally Competent Practice with New Immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports implementation themes and a content analysis of student portfolios and learning contracts from year one of a 4-year service\\/educational initiative undertaken with metropolitan schools of social work, the public child welfare agency, and community-based agencies serving new immigrants. The initiative designed, implemented and evaluated a model preparing MSW students for culturally competent preventive practice with immigrant families.

Alma J. Carten; Jeanne Bertrand Finch

2010-01-01

469

Competency-Based Degree Programs in the U.S.: Postsecondary Credentials for Measurable Student Learning and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today the U.S. higher education system is facing a crisis regarding its perceived quality. One model for improving quality is competency-based education, in which an institution clearly defines the specific competencies expected of its graduates. A key challenge is how to help more people, particularly adults, succeed at the post¬secondary level…

Klein-Collins, Rebecca

2012-01-01

470

Assumed-Competence Based on Undervaluing Others as a Determinant of Emotions: Focusing on Anger and Sadness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine whether a new construct "Assumed-Competence based on undervaluing others (AC)" could be a determinant of anger and sadness for contemporary Japanese adolescents. A set of questionnaires was administered to 584 high school students, who rated ACS-2 (Assumed-Competence Scale, second version), Rosenberg's…

Hayamizu, Toshihiko; Kino, Kazuyo; Takagi, Kuniko; Tan, Eng-Hai

2004-01-01

471

The Role of End-of-Course Exams and Minimum Competency Exams in Standards-Based Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors looked at the effects of one old-style educational reform--higher course graduation requirements--and five standard-based reforms--(1) school report cards; (2) rewards for school improvement; (3) sanctions for failing schools; (4) minimum competency examinations; and (5) hybrid minimum competency exam…

Bishop, John H.; Mane, Ferran; Bishop, Michael; Moriarty, Joan Y.

2001-01-01

472

Constructivism in cultural competence education.  

PubMed

A graduate course on cultural diversity, based in constructivist theory and structured on the Process of Cultural Competence in the Delivery of Healthcare Services model, was developed and taught through classroom and online methods. The following research questions were explored: 1) Can an educational experience, built on constructivist learning theory tenets, change students' perceptions, attitudes, knowledge, and skills in the area of cultural competence? 2) Does the delivery method, online or traditional classroom, influence the degree of change? The study used a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest control group design using the Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competence Among healthcare Professionals Revised. Findings showed significant changes (p<0.001) in cultural competence scores and subscores for all learners with both teaching modalities based on interval scale and in categories of cultural knowledge, skills, desire, and overall competence based on a nominal scale. The untaught construct of cultural desire showed the most significant improvement. PMID:20143755

Hunter, Jennifer L; Krantz, Steven

2010-04-01

473

Electrodiagnostic medicine skills competency in physical medicine and rehabilitation residents: a method for development and assessment.  

PubMed

This project sought to create an educational module including evaluation methodology to instruct physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) residents in electrodiagnostic evaluation of patients with neuromuscular problems, and to verify acquired competencies in those electrodiagnostic skills through objective evaluation methodology. Sixteen residents were trained by board-certified neuromuscular and electrodiagnostic medicine physicians through technical training, lectures, and review of self-assessment examination (SAE) concepts from the American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation syllabus provided in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. After delivery of the educational module, knowledge acquisition and skill attainment were measured in (1) clinical skill in diagnostic procedures via a procedure checklist, (2) diagnosis and ability to design a patient-care management plan via chart simulated recall (CSR) exams, (3) physician/patient interaction via patient surveys, (4) physician/staff interaction via 360-degree global ratings, and (5) ability to write a comprehensive patient-care report and to document a patient-care management plan in accordance with Medicare guidelines via written patient reports. Assessment tools developed for this program address the basic competencies outlined by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). To test the success of the standardized educational module, data were collected on an ongoing basis. Objective measures compared resident SAE scores in electrodiagnostics (EDX) before and after institution of the comprehensive EDX competency module in a PM&R residency program. Fifteen of 16 residents (94%) successfully demonstrated proficiency in every segment of the evaluation element of the educational module by the end of their PGY-4 electrodiagnostic rotation. The resident who did not initially pass underwent remedial coursework and passed on the second attempt. Furthermore, the residents' proficiency as demonstrated by the evaluation after implementation of the standardized educational module positively correlated to an increase in resident SAE scores in EDX compared with resident scores before implementation of the educational module. Resident proficiency in EDX medicine skills and knowledge was objectively verified after completion of the standardized educational module. Validation of the assessment tools is evidenced by collected data correlating with significantly improved SAE scores and American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AANEM) exam scores, as outlined in the result section. In addition, the clinical development tool (procedure checklist) was validated by residents being individually observed performing skills and deemed competent by an AANEM-certified physician. The standardized educational module and evaluation methodology provide a potential framework for the definition of baseline competency in the clinical skill area of EDX. PMID:18388558

Brown, David; Cuccurullo, Sara; Lee, Joseph; Petagna, Ann; Strax, Thomas

2008-08-01

474

Developing psychotherapists' competence through clinical supervision: protocol for a qualitative study of supervisory dyads  

PubMed Central

Background Mental health professionals face unique demands and stressors in their work, resulting in high rates of burnout and distress. Clinical supervision is a widely adopted and valued mechanism of professional support, development, and accountability, despite the very limited evidence of specific impacts on therapist or client outcomes. The current study aims to address this by exploring how psychotherapists develop competence through clinical supervision and what impact this has on the supervisees’ practice and their clients’ outcomes. This paper provides a rationale for the study and describes the protocol for an in-depth qualitative study of supervisory dyads, highlighting how it addresses gaps in the literature. Methods/Design The study of 16–20 supervisor-supervisee dyads uses a qualitative mixed method design, with two phases. In phase one, supervisors who are nominated as expert by their peers are interviewed about their supervision practice. In phase two, supervisors record a supervision session with a consenting supervisee; interpersonal process recall interviews are conducted separately with supervisor and supervisee to reflect in depth on the teaching and learning processes occurring. All interviews will be transcribed, coded and analysed to identify the processes that build competence, using a modified form of Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) strategies. Using a theory-building case study method, data from both phases of the study will be integrated to develop a model describing the processes that build competence and support wellbeing in practising psychotherapists, reflecting the accumulated wisdom of the expert supervisors. Discussion The study addresses past study limitations by examining expert supervisors and their supervisory interactions, by reflecting on actual supervision sessions, and by using dyadic analysis of the supervisory pairs. The study findings will inform the development of future supervision training and practice and identify fruitful avenues for future research. PMID:23298408

2013-01-01

475

Competency-Based Curriculum Guide for Horticulture Using the V-TECS Catalogues. Final Report, Period Covered: September 17, 1979-June 30, 1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Illinois project developed competency-based curriculum guides for Gardening/Groundskeeping and Floriculture using the V-TECS (Vocational Technical Education Consortium of States) catalogues. The programs were designed to provide students at the senior high school and two-year college level with entry-level and higher job skills and to provide…

College of DuPage, Glen Ellyn, IL.

476

Classroom Effects of a Hybrid Universal and Indicated Prevention Program for Preschool Children: A Comparative Analysis Based on Social and Emotional Competence Screening  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research Findings: The current study's main aim was to implement a multifocused, community-based intervention for preventing conduct problems in preschool children. Our assumption was that the same intervention program could be delivered concomitantly as a universal prevention program for all children as well as an indicated prevention program for high-risk children selected after screening for social and emotional competencies development.

Catrinel Alice ?tefan; Mircea Miclea

2012-01-01

477

A Cost Analysis of a State-Level, Multi-Option Procedure for the Acquisition of Competency-Based Instructional Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist the Division of Vocational Education (DVE) of the Florida State Department of Education, the author conducted a cost analysis of state-level models for acquiring competency-based instructional materials in vocational education. Two DVE-developed models of materials acquisition were examined: a centralized, single-option model in which…

Massey, Romeo M.

478

Project VOICE (Vocational Occupations for Industrial Communications English): A Competency Based Education Curriculum for the Limited English Proficient in Building Maintenance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed for vocational educators of short-term or long-term programs, this manual presents a complete competency-based curriculum in building maintenance for the advanced limited English proficient student. Following instructions on use of the manual and recommended references, a student tracking system and record sheet are provided, which list…

Chaloupka, Diana; Papierniak, Kathleen, Ed.

479

The Effect of Computer Interactive Simulation on Situational Decision-Making and Competency Development of Experienced Staff Nurses  

E-print Network

THE EFFECT OF COMPUTER INTERACTIVE SIMULATION ON SITUATIONAL DECISION-MAKING AND COMPETENCY DEVELOPMENT OF EXPERIENCED STAFF NURSES ABSTRACT Simulation and gaming as learning methodologies are increasing in use. Many institutions, including...

Peterson, Bonnie Lou

2012-05-31

480

The Nurse Manager Academy: an innovative approach to managerial competency development.  

PubMed

The quality of nursing leadership has a powerful impact on nurse retention. Hospitals that employ effective nursing leaders report increased nursing satisfaction, increased group cohesiveness, decreased job stress, and decreased turnover (Wells, Roberts, & Medlin, 2002). The Institute for Johns Hopkins Nursing has developed a unique training program for nurse managers that employs a learner-centered approach and is designed to teach the leadership skills essential to successful nursing management. The Nurse Manager Academy prepares nurse managers to assume management roles with confidence and competence, making them more likely to succeed in one of the most challenging jobs in health care today. PMID:15495760

Maguire, Mairi Patricia; Spencer, Karen L; Sabatier, Kathleen H

2004-01-01

481

Operational competency development in E and F grade nursing staff: preparation for management.  

PubMed

There is limited literature for operational management competency development in E and F grade nursing staff. These grades of nursing staff have to take over from G grade nurses ward managers on a regular basis. With human resources doing less of the operational management and taking more of an advisory role, nursing staff are now required to deal with disciplinary procedures and other management issues in a more consistent manner. Therefore, this development programme in a Scottish primary care NHS psychiatric service was designed to enable E and F grade nurses to take over from ward managers and to enable ward managers to 'succession plan' for times when they will be absent. The literature is reviewed, the background to the development programme described and the design of the development programme is explained. The results from both the pilot study (n=13) and first group (n=8) through the course are presented, evaluated discussed. PMID:16787473

Porter, S; Anderson, L; Chetty, A; Dyker, S; Murphy, F; Cheyne, H; Latto, D; Grant, A; McLachlan, M; Wild, P; McDonald, A; Kettles, A M

2006-07-01

482

Regulation of Streptococcus pneumoniae clp Genes and Their Role in Competence Development and Stress Survival  

PubMed Central

In vitro mariner transposon mutagenesis of Streptococcus pneumoniae chromosomal DNA was used to isolate regulatory mutants affecting expression of the comCDE operon, encoding the peptide quorum-sensing two-component signal transduction system controlling competence development. A transposon insertion leading to increased comC expression was found to lie directly upstream from the S. pneumoniae clpP gene, encoding the proteolytic subunit of the Clp ATP-dependent protease, whose expression in Bacillus subtilis is controlled by the CtsR repressor. In order to examine clp gene regulation in S. pneumoniae, a detailed analysis of the complete genome sequence was performed, indicating that there are five likely CtsR-binding sites located upstream from the clpE, clpP, and clpL genes and the ctsR-clpC and groESL operons. The S. pneumoniae ctsR gene was cloned under the control of an inducible promoter and used to demonstrate regulation of the S. pneumoniae clpP and clpE genes and the clpC and groESL operons by using B. subtilis as a heterologous host. The CtsR protein of S. pneumoniae was purified and shown to bind specifically to the clpP, clpC, clpE, and groESL regulatory regions. S. pneumoniae ?ctsR, ?clpP, ?clpC, and ?clpE mutants were constructed by gene deletion/replacement. ClpP was shown to act as a negative regulator, preventing competence gene expression under inappropriate conditions. Phenotypic analyses also indicated that ClpP and ClpE are both required for thermotolerance. Contrary to a previous report, we found that ClpC does not play a major role in competence development, autolysis, pneumolysin production, or growth at high temperature of S. pneumoniae. PMID:11717289

Chastanet, Arnaud; Prudhomme, Marc; Claverys, Jean-Pierre; Msadek, Tarek

2001-01-01

483

Platform Based Product Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more business groups in Philips are moving towards platform-based product development, or are planning to do so.\\u000a This report contains the results of an inventory of the lessons learned and experiences that have been gained thus far from\\u000a the development and deployment of four product platforms within Philips.

Herman Postema; J. Henk Obbink

2001-01-01

484

Competencies in HRD. Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This symposium is comprised of three papers on competencies in human resource development (HRD). "The Development of a Competency Model and Assessment Instrument for Public Sector Leadership and Management Development" (Sharon S. Naquin, Elwood F. Holton III) reports on a streamlined methodology and process used to develop a competency model for…

2002

485

Effects of larval rearing temperature on immature development and West Nile virus vector competence of Culex tarsalis  

PubMed Central

Background Temperature is known to induce changes in mosquito physiology, development, ecology, and in some species, vector competence for arboviruses. Since colonized mosquitoes are reared under laboratory conditions that can be significantly different from their field counterparts, laboratory vector competence experiments may not accurately reflect natural vector-virus interactions. Methods We evaluated the effects of larval rearing temperature on immature development parameters and vector competence of two Culex tarsalis strains for West Nile virus (WNV). Results Rearing temperature had a significant effect on mosquito developmental parameters, including shorter time to pupation and emergence and smaller female body size as temperature increased. However, infection, dissemination, and transmission rates for WNV at 5, 7, and 14 days post infectious feeding were not consistently affected. Conclusions These results suggest that varying constant larval rearing temperature does not significantly affect laboratory estimates of vector competence for WNV in Culex tarsalis mosquitoes. PMID:22967798

2012-01-01

486

Competencies: A New Sector.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Job analysis of managers in 42 Irish three-star hotels identified the following key management competencies and associated behavioral indicators. The results were used to develop a competency framework for management development. (Contains 29 references.) (SK)

Brophy, Monica; Kiely, Tony

2002-01-01

487

A health resources inventory: The development of a measure of the personal and social competence of primary-grade children  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of interrelated studies describe the scale development and empirical validation of the Health Resources Inventory (HRI), a teacher measure of primary-grade children's competency-related behavior. Oblique factor analysis of the HRI for matched samples ( N = 298 and N = 294) of 1st-3rd graders yielded comparable solutions, each with 5 internally consistent competence dimensions. Test-retest reliability was .87

Ellis L. Gesten

1976-01-01

488

Training of patient and consumer representatives in the basic competencies of evidence-based medicine: a feasibility study  

PubMed Central

Background Evidence-based medicine (EBM) has become standard approach in medicine. Patients and health authorities increasingly claim active patient roles in decision making. Education to cope with these roles might be useful. We investigated the feasibility, acceptability and possible impact of EBM training courses for patient and consumer representatives. Methods We designed a generic one-week EBM course based on previous experience with EBM courses for non-medical health professionals. A course specific competence test has been developed and validated to measure EBM skills. Formative and summative evaluation of the course comprised: 1) EBM skills; 2) individual learning goals; 3) self-reported implementation after six months using semi-structured interviews; 4) group-based feedback by content analysis. EBM skills' achievement was compared to results gathered by a group of undergraduate University students of Health Sciences and Education who had attended a comparable EBM seminar. Results Fourteen EBM courses were conducted including 161 participants without previous EBM training (n = 54 self-help group representatives, n = 64 professional counsellors, n = 36 patient advocates, n = 7 others); 71% had a higher education degree; all but five finished the course. Most participants stated personal learning goals explicitly related to practicing EBM such as acquisition of critical appraisal skills (n = 130) or research competencies (n = 67). They rated the respective relevance of the course on average with 80% (SD 4) on a visual analogue scale ranging from 0 to 100%. Participants passed the competence test with a mean score of 14.7 (SD 3.0, n = 123) out of 19.5 points. The comparison group of students achieved a mean score of 14.4 (SD 3.3, n = 43). Group-based feedback revealed increases of self confidence, empowerment through EBM methodology and statistical literacy, and acquisition of new concepts of patient information and counselling. Implementation of EBM skills was reported by 84 of the 129 (65%) participants available for follow-up interviews. Barriers included lack of further support, limited possibilities to exchange experiences, and feeling discouraged by negative reactions of health professionals. Conclusions Training in basic EBM competencies for selected patient and consumer representatives is feasible and accepted and may affect counselling and advocacy activities. Implementation of EBM skills needs support beyond the training course. PMID:20149247

2010-01-01

489

[Competency-based training and work world: from grading to employability].  

PubMed

Considered as an element of business discourse, the competence-based education emerges associated with processes of productive restructuring influencing the economy since 1970. These processes arise as a consequence of the crisis of the accumulation model based on mass production and consumption following the principles of taylorism and fordism. In the last decades, the State has been unable to solve the periodic crisis that afflicts late capitalism. Because of this, the State moves away from its economic mission, promotes marketing mechanisms and, in the meantime, it tries to manage the motivational crisis of the population. This challenge forces the State to take interest in the vital world of individuals trying to solve the legitimacy crisis through educational reforms that affect the world of work. The relationship between the vertiginous changes of working world and a new educational formation is explicit. This educational formation must consider (at the same time) the management capacity, learning capacity, teamwork capacity and self-training. Based on this situation, there is a direct relationship between technologic advances, the structural crisis of capitalism and work organization. Besides, the "qualification" term is replaced with "competency-based education". PMID:23258750

Estrada, John H M

2012-06-01

490

Framework for development of physician competencies in genomic medicine: report of the Competencies Working Group of the Inter-Society Coordinating Committee for Physician Education in Genomics.  

PubMed

Completion of the Human Genome Project, in conjunction with dramatic reductions in the cost of DNA sequencing and advances in translational research, is gradually ushering genomic discoveries and technologies into the practice of medicine. The rapid pace of these advances is opening up a gap between the knowledge available about the clinical relevance of genomic information and the ability of clinicians to include such information in their medical practices. This educational gap threatens to be rate limiting to the clinical adoption of genomics in medicine. Solutions will require not only a better understanding of the clinical implications of genetic discoveries but also training in genomics at all levels of professional development, including for individuals in formal training and others who long ago completed such training. The National Human Genome Research Institute has convened the Inter-Society Coordinating Committee for Physician Education in Genomics (ISCC) to develop and share best practices in the use of genomics in medicine. The ISCC has developed a framework for development of genomics practice competencies that may serve as a starting point for formulation of competencies for physicians in various medical disciplines.Genet Med 16 11, 804-809. PMID:24763287

Korf, Bruce R; Berry, Anna B; Limson, Melvin; Marian, Ali J; Murray, Michael F; O'Rourke, P Pearl; Passamani, Eugene R; Relling, Mary V; Tooker, John; Tsongalis, Gregory J; Rodriguez, Laura L

2014-11-01

491

Competency: Alternatives For Achievement. The First Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our Lady of the Lake College (OLL) has been engaged since early 1974 in coordinated development of a competency-based learning program. After tracing the program's evolution from its beginnings in 1971, described are: (1) competency formulation, evaluation and curriculum; (2) experimental programs - the Mentor Program and the Personal Development

Benoist, Howard

492

Developing Mobile Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes an instructional design class's experience developing instruction for the mobile web. The class was taught at a southeastern university in the United States in a master's level computer based instruction course. Two example projects are showcased and student reflections on design issues are highlighted. Additionally,…

Martin, Florence; Pastore, Raymond; Snider, Jean

2012-01-01

493

Work-Based Learning and Continuing Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide an evaluation of the key features of a work-based, competency-led curriculum model of continuing professional development for social workers and to present a revised model, which addresses the issues that arise for learners pursuing continuing professional and academic development (CPD) within a…

Sobiechowska, Paula; Maisch, Maire

2007-01-01

494

Arts-Based Learning and Leadership Development: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study was designed to explore how participants in an arts-based leadership development program learned to draw on their right brain capabilities in order to develop the creative competencies required to solve complex modern-day problems in new and different ways. The rationale for this study emerges from the researcher's…

Brenner, Michael Yoel

2010-01-01

495

Achieving army nursing evidence-based practice competencies through a civilian-military nurse partnership.  

PubMed

Despite the Institute of Medicine's goal of 90% of all practice being evidence-based by 2020, educational and practice institutions are not on target to achieve this goal. Evidence-based practice is one of 5 core elements of the Army Nurse Corps' patient care delivery system and a key focus of the Hawaii State Center for Nursing. In order to increase evidence-based practice (EBP), a civilian-military partnership was formed to include healthcare organizations in the state, optimize resources, and share strategies for successful practice changes statewide. The partnership has been successful in meeting each of these goals using national EBP competencies and Bloom's taxonomy as a guide. The article presents a discussion regarding the history, processes, and outcomes of this partnership. PMID:24488872

Siaki, Leilani A; Lentino, Cynthia V; Mark, Debra D; Hopkins-Chadwick, Denise L

2014-01-01

496

Building a Competency-Based Curriculum: The Agony and the Ecstasy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physician competencies have increasingly been a focus of medical education at all levels. Although competencies are not a new concept, when the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS) jointly agreed on six competencies for certification and maintenance of certification of…

Albanese, Mark A.; Mejicano, George; Anderson, W. Marshall; Gruppen, Larry

2010-01-01

497

Relationship Between Development of Chinese Non-State Owned Enterprises and Cultivation of Scientific and Technological Competence: An Empirical Study by Granger Causality Test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the data from 1987 to 2003 released by the China Statistical Bureau, this paper analyzes the correlation between the two variables of development of Chinese non-state owned enterprises and cultivation of scientific and technological (S&T) competence by the soft of SPSS, and then according to the non-stationary characteristic of macroeconomic variables, stationary test is done by Eviews 3.0,

Lanying Du; Jundong Hou; Jun Lu

2007-01-01

498

ICT competence in geography: a targeted course based on an Internet-based study tool with quantified effects on improvement of the students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The information and communication technology (ICT) is a tool of development for acting or prospective teachers. In geography, however, this competence often needs directed improvement, especially for the students less information and motivation for using the full potential of this tool. In the MA program for prospective teachers of geography there is a course held by one of the authors (PTI) to introduce the students into all possibilities of ICT. The course is focused at and widely illustrated by the GEOGRAPHY nEtQUIPMENT, which is a homepage, first published in Hungarian still in 2006 (http://netszkozkeszlet.ektf.hu), to help in orientation among the rapidly growing information on the Internet. The main objective of the GEOGRAPHY nEtQUIPMENT is to convey structured information to teachers and pupils, as well as, professors and students of geography. It can be used free after registration. The homepage counts ca. three thousand registered users. The English version is available from the same entry. The set of appliances is based on Dreamweaver MX program. Development of the students' ICT-competence was measured in 2008 during the course. Before the course 38 students answered 110 questions and, after the course, the same questions were answered by 29 students. The questions were related to their attitude to ICT, technical abilities in using a PC and projections on application in a school environment. In 31 cases the answers fell into one category not allowing the chi2 test. From the 79 remained questions, there where not any which were reflected significant step-back in the ICT-competence. At the same time, significant improvement of the competence appeared in 29, 41 and 48 % of the questions at the 1, 5 and 10 % level. The course and the homepage also improved their ability to (i) memorise and reconstruct the pieces of knowledge, (ii) reconstruct the patterns in space from their 2D-images, (iii) explain the images and documents in their own words, and (iv) co-operate with each-other for working. These results indicate that the course really helps our students in obtaining strong info-communication competence to follow the developments of science, related events of mankind and practical applications of geography.

Pajtók-Tari, Ilona; Mika, János

2010-05-01

499

In-Service Development of Vocational Teachers for Competencies in Non-Farm Agricultural Occupations. Vocational Agriculture Special Project Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to help vocational agriculture teachers develop competencies needed in giving instruction in off-farm agricultural occupations, 10 teachers were selected from Mississippi schools to help develop training programs, to conduct a home community survey, and to engage in a work experience program. After completion of their training, each…

Snowden, Obed L.; McMinn, J. H.

500

Intentionality and Developing Researcher Competence on a UK Master's Course: An Ecological Perspective on Research Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents an ecological perspective on the developing researcher competence of participants in the research education component of a professionally oriented master's course. There is a particular focus on the intentionality (as in "purpose") of the participants' research education activity. The data used to develop

Stelma, Juup; Fay, Richard

2014-01-01