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Sample records for benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone derivatives

  1. Antitrypanasomal activity of novel benzaldehyde-thiosemicarbazone derivatives from kaurenoic acid.

    PubMed

    Haraguchi, Shirani K; Silva, Adriano A; Vidotti, Gentil J; dos Santos, Phercyles V; Garcia, Francielle P; Pedroso, Raissa B; Nakamura, Celso V; de Oliveira, Cecília M A; da Silva, Cleuza C

    2011-01-01

    A series of new thiosemicarbazones derived from natural diterpene kaurenoic acid were synthesized and tested against the epimastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi to evaluate their antitrypanosomal potential. Seven of the synthesized thiosemicarbazones were more active than kaurenoic acid with IC?? values between 2-24.0 mM. The o-nitro-benzaldehyde-thiosemicarbazone derivative was the most active compound with IC?? of 2.0 mM. The results show that the structural modifications accomplished enhanced the antitrypanosomal activity of these compounds. Besides, the thiocyanate, thiosemicarbazide and the p- methyl, p-methoxy, p-dimethylamine, m-nitro and o-chlorobenzaldehyde-thiosemicarbazone derivatives displayed lower toxicity for LLMCK? cells than kaurenoic acid, exhibing an IC?? of 59.5 mM. PMID:21270733

  2. 3D-QSAR and molecular docking studies of benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone, benzaldehyde, benzoic acid, and their derivatives as phenoloxidase inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Xue, Chao-Bin; Zhang, Li; Luo, Wan-Chun; Xie, Xian-Ye; Jiang, Lin; Xiao, Ting

    2007-03-01

    Phenoloxidase (PO), also known as tyrosinase, is a key enzyme in insect development, responsible for catalyzing the hydroxylation of tyrosine into o-diphenols and the oxidation of o-diphenols into o-quinones. Inhibition of PO may provide a basis for novel environmentally friendly insecticides. In the present study, we determined the inhibitory activities and IC50 values of 57 compounds belonging to the benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone, benzaldehyde, and benzoic acid families against phenoloxidase from Pieris rapae (Lepidoptera) larvae. In addition, the inhibitory kinetics of 4-butylbenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone against PO was measured in air-saturated solutions for the oxidation of L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA). The results indicated that the compound is a reversible noncompetitive inhibitor. The bioactivity results were used to construct three-dimensional quantitative structure-activity relationship (3D-QSAR) models using two molecular field analysis techniques: comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA). After carrying out superimposition using common substructure-based alignment, robust and predictive 3D-QSAR models were obtained from CoMFA (q2=0.926, r2=0.986) and CoMSIA (q2=0.933, r2=0.984) with six optimum components. The 3D-QSAR model built here will provide hints for the design of novel PO inhibitors. The molecular interactions between the ligands and the target were studied using a flexible docking method (FlexX). The best scored candidates were docked flexibly, and the interaction between the representative compound 4-butylbenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone and the active site was elucidated in detail. PMID:17258462

  3. Benzaldehyde Thiosemicarbazone Derived from Limonene Complexed with Copper Induced Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Leishmania amazonensis

    PubMed Central

    Britta, Elizandra Aparecida; Barbosa Silva, Ana Paula; Ueda-Nakamura, Tânia; Dias-Filho, Benedito Prado; Silva, Cleuza Conceição; Sernaglia, Rosana Lázara; Nakamura, Celso Vataru

    2012-01-01

    Background Leishmaniasis is a major health problem that affects more than 12 million people. Treatment presents several problems, including high toxicity and many adverse effects, leading to the discontinuation of treatment and emergence of resistant strains. Methodology/Principal Findings We evaluated the in vitro antileishmanial activity of benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone derived from limonene complexed with copper, termed BenzCo, against Leishmania amazonensis. BenzCo inhibited the growth of the promastigote and axenic amastigote forms, with IC50 concentrations of 3.8 and 9.5 µM, respectively, with 72 h of incubation. Intracellular amastigotes were inhibited by the compound, with an IC50 of 10.7 µM. BenzCo altered the shape, size, and ultrastructure of the parasites. Mitochondrial membrane depolarization was observed in protozoa treated with BenzCo but caused no alterations in the plasma membrane. Additionally, BenzCo induced lipoperoxidation and the production of mitochondrial superoxide anion radicals in promastigotes and axenic amastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis. Conclusion/Significance Our studies indicated that the antileishmania activity of BenzCo might be associated with mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative damage, leading to parasite death. PMID:22870222

  4. Benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Kong, Lingqian; Qiao, Yan; Zhang, Ji-Dong; Ju, Xiu-Ping

    2008-01-01

    The title compound, C8H9N3S, contains two mol­ecules in the asymmetric unit. One mol­ecule is close to being planar (r.m.s. deviation from the mean plane = 0.06?Å for the non-H atoms), while the other exhibits a dihedral angle of 21.7?(1)° between the benzene ring and the mean plane of the thio­semicarbazone unit. Inter­molecular N—H?S hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into layers parallel to the (010) plane. PMID:21581381

  5. Inhibition of xanthine oxidase by thiosemicarbazones, hydrazones and dithiocarbazates derived from hydroxy-substituted benzaldehydes.

    PubMed

    Leigh, Maria; Raines, Daniel J; Castillo, Carmen E; Duhme-Klair, Anne K

    2011-06-01

    Nonpurine xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) inhibitors represent important alternatives to the purine analogue allopurinol, which is still the most widely used drug in the treatment of conditions associated with elevated uric acid levels in the blood. By condensing mono-, di- and trihydroxybenzaldehydes with aromatic thiosemicarbazides, aryl hydrazides and dithiocarbazates, three series of structurally related Schiff bases were synthesised, characterised and tested for XOR inhibitory activity. Hydroxy substitution in the para-position of the benzaldehyde component was found to confer high inhibitory activities. Acyl hydrazones were generally less potent than thiocarbonyl-containing Schiff bases. Within the thiosemicarbazone series, chloro and cyano substituents in the para-position of the thiosemicarbazide unit increased activities further, up to potencies approximately four-times higher than that of the benchmark allopurinol, as measured under the same assay conditions. In order to illustrate the potential of the Schiff bases to bind directly to the molybdenum centre in the active site of the enzyme, a representative example (H?L) of each inhibitor series was co-ordinated to a cis-dioxomolybdenum(VI) unit, and the resulting complexes, [MoO?(L)MeOH], were structurally characterised. Subsequent steady-state kinetic investigations, however, indicated mixed-type inhibition, similar to that observed for inhibitors known to bind within the substrate access channel of the enzyme, remote from the Mo centre. Enzyme co-crystallisation studies are thus required to determine the exact binding mode. Finally, the coordination of representative inhibitors to copper(II) gave rise to significantly decreased IC?? values, revealing an additive effect that merits further investigation. PMID:21480532

  6. Synthesis, characterization, and in vitro cytotoxic activities of benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone derivatives and their palladium (II) and platinum (II) complexes against various human tumor cell lines.

    PubMed

    Hernándeza, Wilfredo; Paz, Juan; Vaisberg, Abraham; Spodine, Evgenia; Richter, Rainer; Beyer, Lothar

    2008-01-01

    The palladium (II) bis-chelate Pd (L(1-3))(2) and platinum (II) tetranuclear Pt(4)(L(4))(4) complexes of benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone derivatives have been synthesized, and characterized by elemental analysis and IR, FAB(+)-mass and NMR ((1)H, (13)C) spectroscopy. The complex Pd(L(2))(2) [HL(2) = m-CN-benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone] shows a square-planar geometry with two deprotonated ligands (L) coordinated to Pd(II) through the nitrogen and sulphur atoms in a transarrangement, while the complex Pt(4)(L(4))(4) [HL(4) = 4-phenyl-1-benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone] has a tetranuclear geometry with four tridentate ligands coordinated to four Pt(II) ions through the carbon (aromatic ring), nitrogen, and sulphur atoms where the ligands are deprotonated at the NH group. The in vitro antitumor activity of the ligands and their complexes was determined against different human tumor cell lines, which revealed that the palladium (II) and platinum (II) complexes are more cytotoxic than their ligands with IC(50) values at the range of 0.07-3.67 microM. The tetranuclear complex Pt(4)(L(4))(4), with the phenyl group in the terminal amine of the ligand, showed higher antiproliferative activity (CI(50) = 0.07-0.12 microM) than the other tested palladium (II) complexes. PMID:19148285

  7. Synthesis, Characterization, and In Vitro Cytotoxic Activities of Benzaldehyde Thiosemicarbazone Derivatives and Their Palladium (II) and Platinum (II) Complexes against Various Human Tumor Cell Lines

    PubMed Central

    Hernándeza, Wilfredo; Paz, Juan; Vaisberg, Abraham; Spodine, Evgenia; Richter, Rainer; Beyer, Lothar

    2008-01-01

    The palladium (II) bis-chelate Pd (L1?3)2 and platinum (II) tetranuclear Pt4(L4)4 complexes of benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone derivatives have been synthesized, and characterized by elemental analysis and IR, FAB(+)-mass and NMR (1H, 13C) spectroscopy. The complex Pd(L2)2 [HL2 = m-CN-benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone] shows a square-planar geometry with two deprotonated ligands (L) coordinated to PdII through the nitrogen and sulphur atoms in a transarrangement, while the complex Pt4(L4)4 [HL4 = 4-phenyl-1-benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone] has a tetranuclear geometry with four tridentate ligands coordinated to four PtII ions through the carbon (aromatic ring), nitrogen, and sulphur atoms where the ligands are deprotonated at the NH group. The in vitro antitumor activity of the ligands and their complexes was determined against different human tumor cell lines, which revealed that the palladium (II) and platinum (II) complexes are more cytotoxic than their ligands with IC50 values at the range of 0.07–3.67 ?M. The tetranuclear complex Pt4(L4)4, with the phenyl group in the terminal amine of the ligand, showed higher antiproliferative activity (CI50 = 0.07–0.12 ?M) than the other tested palladium (II) complexes. PMID:19148285

  8. Substituted benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone with antiviral activity against poliovirus.

    PubMed

    Andrei, G M; Pieroni, O I; Gatica, H S; Coto, C E

    1985-01-01

    A series of eight benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone derivatives with a variable number of -OH substituents at different positions on the aromatic ring were prepared and evaluated for in vitro antiviral activity against poliovirus types I, II and III. Some of the compounds significantly inhibited the replication of poliovirus at a mean ED50 of 2, 5.7, 10.5 and 9.7 micrograms/ml. A comparison between chemical structure and biological activity suggests that the inhibitory effect depends on the relative position of the -OH and the thiosemicarbazone group. The compounds possess antiviral action only when the two groups are distant enough to prevent the formation of intramolecular hydrogen bonds. PMID:3013560

  9. Simultaneous Determination of Cobalt(II) and Nickel(II) by Fourth-Order Derivative Spectrophotometric Method Using 2-Hydroxy-3-Methoxy Benzaldehyde Thiosemicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Kumar, A. Praveen; Reddy, P. Raveendra; Reddy, V. Krishna

    2007-01-01

    A simple and new simultaneous fourth derivative spectrophotometric method is proposed for the analysis of a two-component system containing cobalt(II) and nickel(II) without separation using 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (HMBATSC) as a chromophoric reagent. The reagent reacts with cobalt(II) and nickel(II) at pH 6.0, forming soluble brown and yellow colored species, respectively. Cobalt(II) and nickel(II) present in themixture are simultaneously determined without solving the simultaneous equations bymeasuring the fourth derivative amplitudes at 468.5 nm and 474.5 nm, respectively. The derivative amplitudes obey Beer's law at 468.5 nm and 474.5 nm for Co(II) and Ni(II) in the range 0.059–3.299 ?g mL?1 and 0.058–3.285 ?g mL?1 respectively. A large number of foreign ions do not interfere in the present method. The present simultaneous method is used for the determination of micro amounts of cobalt in biological samples, nickel in plant samples, and in some alloy steels and soil sample. PMID:17671609

  10. Simultaneous Determination of Cobalt(II) and Nickel(II) by Fourth-Order Derivative Spectrophotometric Method Using 2-Hydroxy-3-Methoxy Benzaldehyde Thiosemicarbazone.

    PubMed

    Kumar, A Praveen; Reddy, P Raveendra; Reddy, V Krishna

    2007-01-01

    A simple and new simultaneous fourth derivative spectrophotometric method is proposed for the analysis of a two-component system containing cobalt(II) and nickel(II) without separation using 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (HMBATSC) as a chromophoric reagent. The reagent reacts with cobalt(II) and nickel(II) at pH 6.0, forming soluble brown and yellow colored species, respectively. Cobalt(II) and nickel(II) present in themixture are simultaneously determined without solving the simultaneous equations bymeasuring the fourth derivative amplitudes at 468.5 nm and 474.5 nm, respectively. The derivative amplitudes obey Beer's law at 468.5 nm and 474.5 nm for Co(II) and Ni(II) in the range 0.059-3.299 mug mL(-1) and 0.058-3.285 mug mL(-1) respectively. A large number of foreign ions do not interfere in the present method. The present simultaneous method is used for the determination of micro amounts of cobalt in biological samples, nickel in plant samples, and in some alloy steels and soil sample. PMID:17671609

  11. (E)-4-(Benz­yloxy)benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Tarafder, M. T. H.; Islam, M. A. A. A. A.; Crouse, K. A.; Chantrapromma, Suchada; Fun, Hoong-Kun

    2008-01-01

    In the title compound, C15H15N3OS, the thio­semicarbazone group adopts an E configuration with respect to the C=N bond. The benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone fragment is almost planar [maximum deviation = 0.012?(1)?Å], while the dihedral angle between the benz­yloxy and phenyl rings is 72.48?(5)°. In the crystal structure, mol­ecules are inter­connected by N—H?N and N—H?S hydrogen bonds, forming a two-dimensional network parallel to the bc plane and are further stacked along the a axis by ?–? inter­actions [centroid–centroid separation 3.9043?(7)?Å]. The crystal structure is also stabilized by C—H?? inter­actions. PMID:21202714

  12. 3-Methoxy­benzaldehyde thio­semi­carbazone

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Jian; Wu, Lin-ping; Zhuang, Ling-hua; Wang, Guo-wei

    2009-01-01

    The title compound, C9H11N3OS, was prepared by the reaction of 3-methoxy­benzaldehyde and thio­semicarbazide. The benzyl­idene ring and the thio­semicarbazone fragment are slightly twisted, making a dihedral angle of 14.1?(1)°. A weak intra­molecular N—H?N hydrogen bond may influence the conformation of the mol­ecule. Inter­molecular N—H?S hydrogen bonds build up a three-dimensional network. PMID:21582593

  13. Synthesis and biological evaluation of phenolic Mannich bases of benzaldehyde and (thio)semicarbazone derivatives against the cysteine protease falcipain-2 and a chloroquine resistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum.

    PubMed

    Chipeleme, Alex; Gut, Jiri; Rosenthal, Philip J; Chibale, Kelly

    2007-01-01

    A targeted series of phenolic Mannich bases of benzaldehyde and (thio)semicarbazone derivatives were synthesized and evaluated in vitro against the malarial cysteine protease falcipain-2 and a chloroquine resistant strain (W2) of Plasmodium falciparum. A novel series of 4-aminoquinoline semicarbazones were the most effective inhibitors of falcipain-2 (most potent inhibitor had IC(50)=0.63microM) while a bisquinoline semicarbazone compound 8f was the most potent antimalarial compound with an IC(50) of 0.07microM against W2. Compound 8f also weakly inhibited falcipain-2, with an IC(50) of 3.16microM, although its principal antiparasitic activity did not appear to be due to inhibition of this enzyme. PMID:17052908

  14. Synthesis, Structure and Antioxidant Activity of (Tetra-O-acetyl-?-D-galactopyranosyl)thiosemicarbazones of Substituted Benzaldehydes

    PubMed Central

    Thanh, Nguyen D.; Hoai, Le T.

    2012-01-01

    Some new substituted benzaldehyde (2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-?-D-galactopyranosyl) thiosemicarbazones were synthesised by reaction of 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-?-D-galactopyranosyl thiosemicarbazide and different substituted benzaldehydes. The reaction was performed using conventional and microwave-assisted heating methods. The structures of thiosemicarbazones were confirmed by spectroscopic (IR, 1 H NMR, 13 C NMR and MS) method. The antioxidant activity of these thiosemicarbazones was evaluated, in vitro and in vivo, and it's shown that some of these compounds had significant antioxidant activity. PMID:23204623

  15. Synthesis, Structure and Antioxidant Activity of (Tetra-O-acetyl-?-D-galactopyranosyl)thiosemicarbazones of Substituted Benzaldehydes.

    PubMed

    Thanh, Nguyen D; Hoai, Le T

    2012-01-01

    Some new substituted benzaldehyde (2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-?-D-galactopyranosyl) thiosemicarbazones were synthesised by reaction of 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-?-D-galactopyranosyl thiosemicarbazide and different substituted benzaldehydes. The reaction was performed using conventional and microwave-assisted heating methods. The structures of thiosemicarbazones were confirmed by spectroscopic (IR, (1) H NMR, (13) C NMR and MS) method. The antioxidant activity of these thiosemicarbazones was evaluated, in vitro and in vivo, and it's shown that some of these compounds had significant antioxidant activity. PMID:23204623

  16. Antioxidant activities of thiosemicarbazones from substituted benzaldehydes and N-(tetra-O-acetyl-?-D-galactopyranosyl)thiosemicarbazide.

    PubMed

    Nguyen, Dinh Thanh; Le, The Hoai; Bui, Thi Thu Trang

    2013-02-01

    Reaction of N-(2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-?-d-galactopyranosyl)thiosemicarbazide and different substituted benzaldehydes gave some new substituted benzaldehyde N-(2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-?-d-galactopyranosyl)thiosemicarbazones. The reaction was performed using conventional and microwave-assisted heating methods. The structures of thiosemicarbazones were confirmed by spectroscopic (IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and ESI-MS) method. The antioxidant activity of these thiosemicarbazones was evaluated in vitro and in vivo, and it's shown that some of these compounds had significant antioxidant activity. Amongst the compounds screened for antioxidant activity, thiosemicarbazones 4a, 4b and 4c showed good antioxidant activity on DPPH. The compounds 4g, 4i, 4l caused significant elevation of SOD activity and 4e, 4g, 4i, 4l had higher catalase activity, and only compounds 4c and 4f expressed the GSH-Px activity. PMID:23291121

  17. 4-(N-Hydroxyethyl-N-methylamino)benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone

    PubMed

    Shanmuga Sundara Raj S; Fun; Zhang; Tian; Xie; Ma

    2000-10-01

    In the crystal structure of the title compound, C(11)H(16)N(4)OS, the phenyl ring and the thiosemicarbazone moiety from a dihedral angle of 7.7 (1) degrees. The crystal structure is governed by N-H.O and O-H.S hydrogen bonds leading to the formation of a two-dimensional network. PMID:11025310

  18. Novel 3,4-methylenedioxyde-6-X-benzaldehyde-thiosemicarbazones: Synthesis and antileishmanial effects against Leishmania amazonensis.

    PubMed

    de Melos, Jorge Luiz R; Torres-Santos, Eduardo Caio; Faiões, Viviane Dos S; de Nigris Del Cistia, Catarina; Sant'Anna, Carlos Maurício R; Rodrigues-Santos, Cláudio Eduardo; Echevarria, Aurea

    2015-10-20

    A series of eleven 3,4-methylenedioxyde-6-X-benzaldehyde-thiosemicarbazones (16-27) was synthesised as part of a study to search for potential new drugs with a leishmanicidal effect. The thiosemicarbazones, ten of which are new compounds, were prepared in good yields (85-98%) by the reaction of 3,4-methylenedioxyde-6-benzaldehydes (6-X-piperonal), previously synthesised for this work by several methodologies, and thiosemicarbazide in ethanol with a few drops of H2SO4. These compounds were evaluated against Leishmania amazonensis promastigotes, and derivatives where X = I (22) and X = CN (23) moieties showed impressive results, having IC50 = 20.74 ?M and 16.40 ?M, respectively. The intracellular amastigotes assays showed IC50 = 22.00 ?M (22) and 17.00 ?M (23), and selectivity index >5.7 and >7.4, respectively, with a lower toxicity compared to pentamidine (positive control, SI = 4.5). The results obtained from the preliminary QSAR study indicated the hydrophobicity (log P) as a fundamental parameter for the 2D-QSAR linear model. A molecular docking study demonstrated that both compounds interact with flavin mononucleotide (FMN), important binding site of NO synthase. PMID:26375353

  19. 4-Methyl­benzaldehyde thio­semi­carbazone

    PubMed Central

    Zhang, Jian; Geng, Hao; Zhuang, Ling-hua; Wang, Guo-wei

    2009-01-01

    The title compound, C9H11N3S, was prepared by reacting 4-methyl­benzaldehyde with thio­semicarbazide. An intra­molecular N—H?N hydrogen bond helps to establish the observed mol­ecular conformation. The crystal packing is realized by inter­molecular N—H?S hydrogen bonds. PMID:21577642

  20. Synthesis and antityrosinase mechanism of benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazones: novel tyrosinase inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Chen, Liang-Hua; Hu, Yong-Hua; Song, Wei; Song, Kang-Kang; Liu, Xuan; Jia, Yu-Long; Zhuang, Jiang-Xing; Chen, Qing-Xi

    2012-02-15

    p-Hydroxybenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (HBT) and p-methoxybenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (MBT) were synthesized and established by (1)H NMR and mass spectra. Both compounds were evaluated for their inhibition activities on mushroom tyrosinase and free-cell tyrosinase and melanoma production from B(16) mouse melanoma cells. Results showed that both compounds exhibited significant inhibitory effects on the enzyme activities. HBT and MBT decreased the steady state of the monophenolase activity sharply, and the IC(50) values were estimated as 0.76 and 7.0 ?M, respectively. MBT lengthened the lag time, but HBT could not. HBT and MBT inhibited diphenolase activity dose-dependently, and their IC(50) values were estimated as 3.80 and 2.62 ?M, respectively. Kinetic analyses showed that inhibition type by both compounds was reversible and their mechanisms were mixed-type. Their inhibition constants were also determined and compared. The research may supply the basis for the development of new food preservatives and cosmetic additives. PMID:22250887

  1. 2-Chloro-5-nitro­benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Hao, Yu-Mei

    2010-01-01

    The title Schiff base compound, C8H7ClN4O2S, was prepared by the reaction of equimolar quanti­ties of 2-chloro-5-nitro­benzaldehyde with thio­semicarbazide in methanol. The mol­ecule adopts a trans configuration with respect to the azomethine group and the dihedral angle between the benzene ring and the thio­semicarbazide group is 6.8?(3)°. In the crystal, mol­ecules are linked through inter­molecular N—H?S hydrogen bonds, forming chains propagating in [010]. PMID:21587521

  2. Rhodium assisted C-H activation of benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazones and their oxidation via activation of molecular oxygen.

    PubMed

    Acharyya, Rama; Dutta, Swati; Basuli, Falguni; Peng, Shie-Ming; Lee, Gene-Hsiang; Falvello, Larry R; Bhattacharya, Samaresh

    2006-02-01

    The benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazones are found to undergo oxidation at the sulfur center upon reaction with [Rh(PPh3)3Cl] in refluxing ethanol in the presence of a base (NEt3). A group of organorhodium complexes are obtained from such reactions, in which the oxidized thiosemicarbazones are coordinated to rhodium as tridentate CNS donors, along with two triphenylphosphines and a hydride. From the reaction with para-nitrobenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone, a second organometallic complex is obtained, in which the thiosemicarbazone is coordinated to rhodium as a tridentate CNS donor, along with two triphenylphosphines and a hydride. Reaction of the benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazones with [Rh(PPh3)3Cl] in refluxing ethanol in the absence of NEt3 affords another group of organorhodium complexes, in which the thiosemicarbazones are coordinated to rhodium as tridentate CNS donors, along with two triphenylphosphines and a chloride. Structures of representative complexes of each type of complexes have been determined by X-ray crystallography. In all of the complexes, the two PPh3 ligands are trans. All of the complexes show intense MLCT transitions in the visible region. Cyclic voltammetry on these complexes shows a Rh(III)-Rh(IV) oxidation on the positive side of SCE. Redox responses of the coordinated thiosemicarbazones are also displayed by all of the complexes. PMID:16441137

  3. 4-(N,N-diethylamino) benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone in the spectrophotometric determination of palladium.

    PubMed

    Parameshwara, P; Karthikeyan, J; Shetty, A Nityananda; Shetty, Prakash

    2007-10-01

    4-(N,N-diethylamino)benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone(DEABT) is proposed as a sensitive and selective analytical reagent for the spectrophotometric determination of palladium(II). The reagent reacts with palladium (II) in a potassium hydrogen phthalate-hydrochloric acid buffer of pH 3.0, to form a yellow complex. Beer's law is obeyed in the concentration range up to 3.60 microgmL(-1). The optimum concentration range for minimum photometric error as determined by Ringbom plot method is 0.36 - 3.24 microg mL(-1). The yellow Pd(II)-DEABT complex shows a maximum absorbance at 408 nm, with molar absorptivity of 3.33 x 10(4) dm3 mol(-1) cm(-1) and Sandell's sensitivity of the complex from Beer's data, for D = 0.001, is 0.0032 microg cm(-2). The composition of the Pd(II)-DEABT complex is found to be 1:2 (M:L). The interference of various cations and anions in the method were studied. The proposed method was successfully used for the determination of Pd(II) in alloys, catalysts, complexes and model mixtures with a fair degree of accuracy. PMID:18154003

  4. Structural, thermal and optical characterization of an organic NLO material--benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone monohydrate single crystals.

    PubMed

    Santhakumari, R; Ramamurthi, K

    2011-02-01

    Single crystals of the organic NLO material, benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (BTSC) monohydrate, were grown by slow evaporation method. Solubility of BTSC monohydrate was determined in ethanol at different temperatures. The grown crystals were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis to determine the cell parameters and by FT-IR technique to study the presence of the functional groups. Thermogravimetric and differential thermal analyses reveal the thermal stability of the crystal. UV-vis-NIR spectrum shows excellent transmission in the region of 200-1100 nm. Theoretical calculations were carried out to determine the linear optical constants such as extinction coefficient and refractive index. Further the optical nonlinearities of BTSC have been investigated by Z-scan technique with He-Ne laser radiation of wavelength 632.8 nm. Mechanical properties of the grown crystal were studied using Vickers microhardness tester. Second harmonic generation efficiency of the powdered BTSC monohydrate was tested using Nd:YAG laser and it is found to be ?5.3 times that of potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate. PMID:21186136

  5. Structural, thermal and optical characterization of an organic NLO material—Benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone monohydrate single crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santhakumari, R.; Ramamurthi, K.

    2011-02-01

    Single crystals of the organic NLO material, benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (BTSC) monohydrate, were grown by slow evaporation method. Solubility of BTSC monohydrate was determined in ethanol at different temperatures. The grown crystals were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis to determine the cell parameters and by FT-IR technique to study the presence of the functional groups. Thermogravimetric and differential thermal analyses reveal the thermal stability of the crystal. UV-vis-NIR spectrum shows excellent transmission in the region of 200-1100 nm. Theoretical calculations were carried out to determine the linear optical constants such as extinction coefficient and refractive index. Further the optical nonlinearities of BTSC have been investigated by Z-scan technique with He-Ne laser radiation of wavelength 632.8 nm. Mechanical properties of the grown crystal were studied using Vickers microhardness tester. Second harmonic generation efficiency of the powdered BTSC monohydrate was tested using Nd:YAG laser and it is found to be ˜5.3 times that of potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate.

  6. Benzaldehyde

    Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS)

    Benzaldehyde ; CASRN 100 - 52 - 7 Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data , as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process . Sections I ( Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinogenic Effe

  7. Synthesis and in vitro antimicrobial studies of some new 3-[phenyldiazenyl] benzaldehyde N-phenyl thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Halve, Anand K; Bhashkar, Bhuwan; Sharma, Vasudha; Bhadauria, Raman; Kankoriya, Amit; Soni, Ajay; Tiwari, Kiran

    2008-02-01

    The increasing clinical importance of drug resistant microbial pathogens has lent additional urgency to microbiological research and new antimicrobial compound development. For this purpose, a new series of 3-[phenyldiazenyl] benzaldehyde N-phenylthiosemicarbazones were synthesized and evaluated for antifungal and antibacterial activity. The reaction of 2-hydroxy-5-[phenyldiazenyl] benzaldehyde (I) with N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide (II) were carried out in DMF. The antimicrobial activity of the synthesized target compounds (III) were evaluated by screening on different human pathogens using the disc diffusion assay. All the compounds exhibited considerable inhibition against the bacteria and fungi tested. PMID:18341257

  8. Structural requirement(s) of N-phenylthioureas and benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazones as inhibitors of melanogenesis in melanoma B 16 cells.

    PubMed

    Thanigaimalai, P; Hoang, Tuan Anh Le; Lee, Ki-Cheul; Bang, Seong-Cheol; Sharma, Vinay K; Yun, Cheong-Yong; Roh, Eunmiri; Hwang, Bang-Yeon; Kim, Youngsoo; Jung, Sang-Hun

    2010-05-01

    In order to define the structural requirements of phenylthiourea (PTU), a series of thiourea and thiosemicarbazone analogs were prepared and evaluated as inhibitors of melanogenesis in melanoma B16 cells. The most potent analog was 2-(4-tert-butylbenzylidene)hydrazinecarbothioamide (1u) with an IC(50) value of 2.7 microM in inhibition of melanogenesis. The structure for potent inhibitory activity of these derivatives are required with the direct connection of pi-planar structure to thiourea without steric hinderance in PTU derivatives and the hydrophobic substituent at para position in case of semicarbazones. PMID:20359890

  9. 3-Hydr­oxy-4-methoxy­benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone hemihydrate

    PubMed Central

    Fun, Hoong-Kun; Kia, Reza; D’Silva, E. Deepak; Patil, P. S.; Dharmaprakash, S. M.

    2008-01-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, C9H11N3O2S·0.5H2O, comprises two crystallograpically independent thio­semicarbazone mol­ecules (A and B) and a water mol­ecule of crystallization. In each of the thio­semicarbazone mol­ecules, intra­molecular O—H?O and N—H?N hydrogen bonds form five-membered rings, producing S(5) ring motifs. Inter­molecular O—H?S and N—H?O inter­actions between mol­ecule B and the water mol­ecule form a six-membered ring, producing an R 2 2(6) ring motif. Inter­molecular N—H?S hydrogen bonds form dimers involving pairs of both A and B mol­ecules, which form R 2 2(8) ring motifs. The angles between the aromatic ring and thio­urea unit in the two mol­ecules are 0.80?(6) and 3.28?(5)°, which proves that each mol­ecule is fairly planar. The crystal structure is stabilized by inter­molecular O—H?S (×2), O—H?O, N—H?S (×2) and N—H?O (×2) hydrogen bonds and C—H?O (×2) contacts to form a three-dimensional network. PMID:21581255

  10. 2-Hy­droxy-4-meth­oxy­benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Hao, Yu-Mei

    2010-01-01

    The title Schiff base compound, C9H11N3O2S, was prepared by the reaction of equimolar quanti­ties of 2-hy­droxy-4-meth­oxy­benzaldehyde with thio­semicarbazide in methanol. The mol­ecule adopts a trans configuration with respect to the azo­methine group and an intra­molecular O—H?N hydrogen bond generates an S(6) ring. In the crystal structure, mol­ecules are linked through inter­molecular N—H?O and N—H?S hydrogen bonds, forming a three-dimensional network. PMID:21588582

  11. Structural studies and investigation on the activity of imidazole-derived thiosemicarbazones and hydrazones against crop-related fungi.

    PubMed

    Reis, Débora C; Despaigne, Angel A Recio; Da Silva, Jeferson G; Silva, Nayane F; Vilela, Camila F; Mendes, Isolda C; Takahashi, Jacqueline A; Beraldo, Heloisa

    2013-01-01

    New imidazole derived thiosemicarbazones and hydrazones were prepared by condensation of 4(5)-imidazole carboxaldehyde, 4-(1H-imidazole-1-yl)benzaldehyde and 4-(1H-imidazole-1-yl)acetophenone with a thiosemicarbazide or hydrazide. All compounds were characterized by quantitative elemental analysis, IR and NMR techniques. Eight structures were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The antifungal activities of the compounds were evaluated. None of the compounds exhibited significant activity against Aspergillus flavus and Candida albicans, while 4(5)-imidazolecarboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (ImT) and 4-(1H-imidazole-1-yl)benzaldehyde thiosemicabazone (4ImBzT) were highly and selectively active against Cladosporium cladosporioides. 4(5)-Imidazolecarboxaldehyde benzoyl hydrazone (4(5)ImPh), 4(5)-imidazolecarboxaldehyde-para-chlorobenzoyl hydrazone (4(5)ImpClPh), 4(5)-imidazolecarboxaldehyde-para-nitrobenzoyl hydrazone (4(5)ImpNO2Ph), 4-(imidazole-1-yl)acetophenone-para-chloro-benzoyl hydrazone (4ImAcpClPh) and 4-(imidazole-1-yl)acetophenone-para-nitro-benzoylhydrazone (4ImAcpNO2Ph) were highly active against Candida glabrata. 4(5)ImpClPh and 4(5)ImpNO2Ph were very effective against C. cladosporioides. In many cases, activity was superior to that of the reference compound nystatin. PMID:24129274

  12. The antimicrobial activity of lapachol and its thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone derivatives.

    PubMed

    Souza, Marina Azevêdo; Johann, Susana; Lima, Luciana Alves Rodrigues dos Santos; Campos, Fernanda Fraga; Mendes, Isolda Castro; Beraldo, Heloisa; Souza-Fagundes, Elaine Maria de; Cisalpino, Patrícia Silva; Rosa, Carlos Augusto; Alves, Tânia Maria de Almeida; de Sá, Nívea Pereira; Zani, Carlos Leomar

    2013-05-01

    Lapachol was chemically modified to obtain its thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone derivatives. These compounds were tested for antimicrobial activity against several bacteria and fungi by the broth microdilution method. The thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone derivatives of lapachol exhibited antimicrobial activity against the bacteria Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus with minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 0.05 and 0.10 µmol/mL, respectively. The thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone derivatives were also active against the pathogenic yeast Cryptococcus gattii (MICs of 0.10 and 0.20 µmol/mL, respectively). In addition, the lapachol thiosemicarbazone derivative was active against 11 clinical isolates of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, with MICs ranging from 0.01-0.10 µmol/mL. The lapachol-derived thiosemicarbazone was not cytotoxic to normal cells at the concentrations that were active against fungi and bacteria. We synthesised, for the first time, thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone derivatives of lapachol. The MICs for the lapachol-derived thiosemicarbazone against S. aureus, E. faecalis, C. gattii and several isolates of P. brasiliensis indicated that this compound has the potential to be developed into novel drugs to treat infections caused these microbes. PMID:23778660

  13. The antimicrobial activity of lapachol and its thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Souza, Marina Azevêdo; Johann, Susana; Lima, Luciana Alves Rodrigues dos Santos; Campos, Fernanda Fraga; Mendes, Isolda Castro; Beraldo, Heloisa; de Souza-Fagundes, Elaine Maria; Cisalpino, Patrícia Silva; Rosa, Carlos Augusto; Alves, Tânia Maria de Almeida; de Sá, Nívea Pereira; Zani, Carlos Leomar

    2013-01-01

    Lapachol was chemically modified to obtain its thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone derivatives. These compounds were tested for antimicrobial activity against several bacteria and fungi by the broth microdilution method. The thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone derivatives of lapachol exhibited antimicrobial activity against the bacteria Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus with minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 0.05 and 0.10 µmol/mL, respectively. The thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone derivatives were also active against the pathogenic yeast Cryptococcus gattii (MICs of 0.10 and 0.20 µmol/mL, respectively). In addition, the lapachol thiosemicarbazone derivative was active against 11 clinical isolates of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, with MICs ranging from 0.01-0.10 µmol/mL. The lapachol-derived thiosemicarbazone was not cytotoxic to normal cells at the concentrations that were active against fungi and bacteria. We synthesised, for the first time, thiosemicarbazone and semicarbazone derivatives of lapachol. The MICs for the lapachol-derived thiosemicarbazone against S. aureus, E. faecalis, C. gattii and several isolates of P. brasiliensis indicated that this compound has the potential to be developed into novel drugs to treat infections caused these microbes. PMID:23778660

  14. Synthesis and ribonucleotide reductase inhibitory activity of thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Krishnan, Kesavan; Prathiba, Kumari; Jayaprakash, Venkatesan; Basu, Arijit; Mishra, Nibha; Zhou, Bingsen; Hu, Shuya; Yen, Yun

    2008-12-01

    Ribonucleotide reductase (RR) is an important therapeutic target for anticancer drugs. The structure of human RR features a 1:1 complex of two homodimeric subunits, hRRM1 and hRRM2. Prokaryotically expressed and highly purified recombinant human RR subunits, hRRM1 and hRRM2, were used for holoenzyme-based [(3)H]CDP reduction in vitro assay. Ten new thiosemicarbazones (7-16) were synthesized and screened for their RR inhibitory activity. Two thiosemicarbazones derived from p-hydroxy benzaldehyde (9 and 10) were found to be active but less potent than the standard, Hydroxyurea (HU). Guided by the activity of compounds 9 and 10, 11 new thiosemicarbazones (17-27) derived from p-hydroxy benzaldehyde were prepared and screened for their RR inhibitory activity. All the 11 compounds were more potent than HU. PMID:18976907

  15. Analytical properties of p-[N,N-bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone: spectrophotometric determination of palladium(II) in alloys, catalysts, and complexes.

    PubMed

    Karthikeyan, J; Parameshwara, P; Shetty, A Nityananda

    2011-02-01

    p-[N,N-bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (CEABT) is proposed as a new, sensitive, and selective analytical reagent for the spectrophotometric determination of palladium(II). The reagent reacts with palladium(II) in the pH range 1-2 to form a yellow-colored complex. Beer's law is obeyed in the concentration range up to 2.64 ?g cm(-3). The optimum concentration range for minimum photometric error as determined by Ringbom's plot method is 0.48-2.40 ?g cm(-3). The yellowish Pd(II)-reagent complex shows a maximum absorbance at 395 nm, with molar absorptivity of 4.05×10(4) dm3 mol(-1) cm(-1) and Sandell's sensitivity of the complex from Beer's data, for D=0.001, is 0.0026 ?g cm(-2). The composition of the Pd(II)-CEABT reagent complex is found to be 1:2 (M-L). The interference of various cations and anions in the method were studied. The proposed method was successfully used for the determination of Pd(II) in alloys, catalysts, complexes, water samples, and synthetic alloy mixtures with a fair degree of accuracy. PMID:20229165

  16. A rapid extractive spectrophotometric determination of copper(II) in environmental samples, alloys, complexes and pharmaceutical samples using 4-[N,N(dimethyl)amino]benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone.

    PubMed

    Karthikeyan, J; Naik, P Parameshwara; Shetty, A Nityananda

    2011-05-01

    4-[N,N-(Dimethyl)amino]benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (DMABT) is proposed as an analytical reagent for the extractive spectrophotometric determination of copper(II). DMABT forms yellow colored complex with copper(II) in the pH range 4.4-5.4. Beer's law is obeyed in the concentration range up to 4.7 ?g mL(-1). The optimum concentration range for minimum photometric error as determined by Ringbom plot method is 1.2-3.8 ?g mL(-1). The yellowish Cu(II)-DMABT complex shows a maximum absorbance at 420 nm, with molar absorptivity of 1.72 × 10(4)dm(3) mol(-1) cm(-1) and Sandell's sensitivity of the complex obtained from Beer's data is 0.0036 ?g cm(-2). The composition of the Cu(II)-DMABT complex is found to be 1:2 (M/L). The interference of various cations and anions in the method were studied. Thus the method can be employed for the determination of trace amount of copper(II) in water, alloys and other natural samples of significant importance. PMID:20607390

  17. Spectrophotometric determination of platinum(IV) in alloys, complexes, environmental, and pharmaceutical samples using 4-[N,N-(diethyl)amino] benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone.

    PubMed

    Naik, P Parameshwara; Karthikeyan, J; Shetty, A Nityananda

    2010-12-01

    4-[N,N-(Diethyl)amino] benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (DEABT) is proposed as an analytical reagent for the spectrophotometric determination of platinum(IV). The DEABT forms 1:2 yellow complex with Pt(IV), which is sparingly soluble in water and completely soluble in water-ethanol-DMF medium. The Pt(IV)-DEABT complex shows maximum absorbance at 405 nm. Beer's law is valid up to 7.80 ?g cm(-3), and optimum concentration range for the determination of platinum(IV) is 0.48-7.02 ?g cm(-3). The molar absorptivity and Sandell's sensitivity of the method are found to be 1.755 × 10(4) dm(3) mol(-1) cm(-1) and 0.0012 ?g cm(-2), respectively. The relative error and coefficient of variation (n=6) for the method does not exceed ± 0.43% and 0.35%, respectively. Since the method tolerates a number of metal ions commonly associated with platinum, it can be employed for the determination of platinum in environmental samples, pharmaceutical samples, alloys, catalysts, and complexes. The method is rapid as the Pt(IV)-DEABT complex is soluble in water-ethanol-DMF medium and not requiring any time consuming extraction method for the complex. PMID:20145997

  18. A combined experimental and quantum chemical studies on molecular structure, spectral properties, intra and intermolecular interactions and first hyperpolarizability of 4-(benzyloxy)benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone and its dimer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Amit; Rawat, Poonam; Baboo, Vikas; Verma, Divya; Singh, R. N.; Saxena, Deepti; Gauniyal, H. M.; Pandey, Anoop Kumar; Pal, Harish

    2013-02-01

    In the present work, a detailed spectroscopic analysis of 4-(benzyloxy)benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (3) has been carried out using 1H NMR, 13C NMR, UV-Visible and FT-IR spectroscopic techniques. The quantum chemical calculations have been carried out using DFT level of theory, B3LYP functional and 6-31G(d,p) basis set. The calculated thermodynamic parameters show that the formation of 3 is an exothermic and spontaneous reaction at 25 °C. The vibrational analysis indicates the formation of dimer in the solid state by intermolecular hydrogen bonding (Nsbnd H⋯Sdbnd C) and the binding energy of dimer is calculated to be 11.2 kcal/mol, using DFT calculation. NBO analysis is carried out to investigate the charge transfer in various intra and intermolecular interactions involved in dimer. Topological parameters at bond critical points (BCPs) are calculated to analyze the strength and nature of various intra and intermolecular interactions in dimer by Bader's 'Atoms in molecules' AIM theory in detail. The local reactivity descriptors such as Fukui functions (fk+, fk-), local softnesses (sk+, sk-) and electrophilicity indices (?k+, ?k-) analysis are performed to determine the reactive sites within molecule. Non linear optical (NLO) behavior of title compound is investigated by the computed value of first hyperpolarizability (?0).

  19. Synthesis, anti-Toxoplasma gondii and antimicrobial activities of benzaldehyde 4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazones and 2-[(phenylmethylene)hydrazono]-4-oxo-3-phenyl-5-thiazolidineacetic acids.

    PubMed

    de Aquino, Thiago M; Liesen, André P; da Silva, Rosa E A; Lima, Vânia T; Carvalho, Cristiane S; de Faria, Antônio R; de Araújo, Janete M; de Lima, José G; Alves, Antonio J; de Melo, Edésio J T; Góes, Alexandre J S

    2008-01-01

    In the present communication, a new series of 2-[(phenylmethylene)hydrazono]-4-oxo-3-phenyl-5-thiazolidineacetic acids (2a-p) have been synthesized. Benzaldehyde 4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazones substituted (1a-p) were also obtained and used as intermediate to give the title compounds. All synthesized compounds were characterized by IR, (1)H and (13)C NMR. The in vitro anti-Toxoplasma gondii activity of 1a-p and 2a-p was evaluated. The 4-thiazolidinones (2a-p) were screened for their in vitro antimicrobial activity. For anti-Toxoplasma gondii activity, in general, all compounds promoted decreases in the percentage of infected cells leading to parasite elimination. These effects on intracellular parasites also caused a decrease in the mean number of tachyzoites. In addition, most of the 4-thiazolidinones showed more effective toxicity against intracellular parasites, with IC(50) values ranging from 0.05 to 1 mM. According to results of antimicrobial activity, compounds 2f, 2l, and 2p showed best activity against Mycobacterium luteus, 2c was more active against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and 2g, 2l, and 2n showed same activity as nistatin (standard drug) against Candida sp. (4249). PMID:17905587

  20. DNA binding, DNA cleavage, antioxidant and cytotoxicity studies on ruthenium(II) complexes of benzaldehyde 4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sampath, Krishnan; Sathiyaraj, Subbaiyan; Jayabalakrishnan, Chinnasamy

    2013-03-01

    Four new ruthenium(II) complexes with N(4)-methyl thiosemicarbazone ligands, (E)-2-(2-chlorobenzylidene)-N-methylhydrazinecarbothioamide (HL1) and (E)-N-methyl-2-(2-nitrobenzylidene)hydrazinecarbothioamide (HL2), were prepared and fully characterized by various spectro-analytical techniques. The Schiff bases act as bidentate, monobasic chelating ligands with S and N as the donor sites and are preferably found in the thiol form in all the complexes studied. The molecular structure of HL1 and HL2 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. DNA binding of the compounds was investigated by absorption spectroscopy which indicated that the complexes bind to DNA via intercalation. The oxidative cleavage of the complexes with CT-DNA inferred that the effects of cleavage are dose dependent. Antioxidant studies of the ligands and complexes showed the significant antioxidant activity against DPPH radical. In addition, the in vitro cytotoxicity of the ligands and complexes against MCF-7 cell line was assayed which showed higher cytotoxic activity with the lower IC50 values indicating their efficiency in killing the cancer cells even at low concentrations.

  1. DNA binding, DNA cleavage, antioxidant and cytotoxicity studies on ruthenium(II) complexes of benzaldehyde 4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Sampath, Krishnan; Sathiyaraj, Subbaiyan; Jayabalakrishnan, Chinnasamy

    2013-03-15

    Four new ruthenium(II) complexes with N(4)-methyl thiosemicarbazone ligands, (E)-2-(2-chlorobenzylidene)-N-methylhydrazinecarbothioamide (HL(1)) and (E)-N-methyl-2-(2-nitrobenzylidene)hydrazinecarbothioamide (HL(2)), were prepared and fully characterized by various spectro-analytical techniques. The Schiff bases act as bidentate, monobasic chelating ligands with S and N as the donor sites and are preferably found in the thiol form in all the complexes studied. The molecular structure of HL(1) and HL(2) were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. DNA binding of the compounds was investigated by absorption spectroscopy which indicated that the complexes bind to DNA via intercalation. The oxidative cleavage of the complexes with CT-DNA inferred that the effects of cleavage are dose dependent. Antioxidant studies of the ligands and complexes showed the significant antioxidant activity against DPPH radical. In addition, the in vitro cytotoxicity of the ligands and complexes against MCF-7 cell line was assayed which showed higher cytotoxic activity with the lower IC(50) values indicating their efficiency in killing the cancer cells even at low concentrations. PMID:23376221

  2. Intermolecular interaction of thiosemicarbazone derivatives to solvents and a potential Aedes aegypti target

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    da Silva, João Bosco P.; Hallwass, Fernando; da Silva, Aluizio G.; Moreira, Diogo Rodrigo; Ramos, Mozart N.; Espíndola, José Wanderlan P.; de Oliveira, Ana Daura T.; Brondani, Dalci José; Leite, Ana Cristina L.; Merz, Kenneth M.

    2015-08-01

    DFT calculations were used to access information about structure, energy and electronic properties of series of phenyl- and phenoxymethyl-(thio)semicarbazone derivatives with demonstrated activity against the larvae of Aedes aegypti in stage L4. The way as the thiosemicarbazone derivatives can interact with solvents like DMSO and water were analyzed from the comparison between calculated and experimental 1H NMR chemical shifts. The evidences of thiosemicarbazone derivatives making H-bond interaction to solvent have provide us insights on how they can interact with a potential A. aegypti's biological target, the Sterol Carrier Protein-2.

  3. Synthesis, molecular modeling, and biological evaluation of novel chiral thiosemicarbazone derivatives as potent anticancer agents.

    PubMed

    Ta?demir, Demet; Karaküçük-?yido?an, Ay?egül; Ula?li, Mustafa; Ta?kin-Tok, Tu?ba; Oruç-Emre, Em?ne Elç?n; Bayram, Hasan

    2015-02-01

    A series of new chiral thiosemicarbazones derived from homochiral amines in both enantiomeric forms were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro antiproliferative activity against A549 (human alveolar adenocarcinoma), MCF-7 (human breast adenocarcinoma), HeLa (human cervical adenocarcinoma), and HGC-27 (human stomach carcinoma) cell lines. Some of compounds showed inhibitory activities on the growth of cancer cell lines. Especially, compound exhibited the most potent activity (IC50 4.6??M) against HGC-27 as compared with the reference compound, sindaxel (IC50 10.3??M), and could be used as a lead compound to search new chiral thiosemicarbazone derivatives as antiproliferative agents. PMID:25399965

  4. Benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone monohydrate

    PubMed Central

    Gu, Sheng-Jiu; Zhu, Kai-Mei

    2008-01-01

    In the title compound, C8H9N3S·H2O, intra­molecular N—H?N hydrogen bonding contributes to the mol­ecular conformation. Water mol­ecules are involved in inter­molecular N—H?O and O—H?S hydrogen bonds, which link the mol­ecules into ribbons extended along the a axis. Weak inter­molecular N—H?S hydrogen bonds link these ribbons into layers parallel to the ab plane with the phenyl rings pointing up and down. PMID:21203291

  5. Antityrosinase and antimicrobial activities of trans-cinnamaldehyde thiosemicarbazone.

    PubMed

    Zhu, Yu-Jing; Song, Kang-Kang; Li, Zhi-Cong; Pan, Zhi-Zhen; Guo, Yun-Ji; Zhou, Jing-Jing; Wang, Qin; Liu, Bo; Chen, Qing-Xi

    2009-06-24

    Tyrosinase (EC 1.14.18.1) is a key enzyme in pigment biosynthesis of organisms. trans-Cinnamaldehyde thiosemicarbazone, a derivative of benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone, was synthesized as an inhibitor of tyrosinase. The inhibitory effects of this compound on the activity of mushroom tyrosinase were investigated. The results showed that trans-cinnamaldehyde thiosemicarbazone could potently inhibit both monophenolase activity and diphenolase activity of tyrosinase. For monophenolase activity, trans-cinnamaldehyde thiosemicarbazone could not only lengthen the lag time but also decrease the steady-state rate. For diphenolase activity, the IC(50) value was determined to be 5.72 microM. Kinetic analyses showed that trans-cinnamaldehyde thiosemicarbazone was a reversible and mixed type inhibitor on this enzyme. The inhibition constants (K(I) and K(IS)) were determined to be 4.45 and 8.85 muM, respectively. Furthermore, the antibacterial activity against Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Staphyloccocus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia, and Agrobacterium tumefaciens was investigated. The results showed that trans-cinnamaldehyde thiosemicarbazone was more effective against B. subtilis and S. aureus with the same minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 50 microg/mL and with the same minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of 50 microg/mL. PMID:19462982

  6. Biocidal polymers: synthesis and antimicrobial properties of benzaldehyde derivatives immobilized onto amine-terminated polyacrylonitrile

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The design and applications of antimicrobial polymers is a growing field. Antimicrobial polymers can help to solve the problems associated with the use of conventional antimicrobial agents. Polymers with active functional groups can act as a carrier system for antimicrobial agents. In our study, we aim to prepare and develop some antimicrobial polymers for biomedical applications and water treatment. Results The antimicrobial polymers based on polyacrylonitrile (PAN) were prepared. Functional groups were created onto polyacrylonitrile via amination using different types of diamines such as ethylenediamine (EDA) and hexamethylenediamine (HMDA) to yield amine-terminated polymers. Antimicrobial polymers were obtained by immobilization of benzaldehyde and its derivatives which include, 4-hydroxybenzaldehyde and 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde onto amine-terminated polymers. The antimicrobial activity of the prepared polymers against different types of microorganisms including Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus), Gram-negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa; Escherichia coli; and Salmonella typhi) as well as fungi (Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus niger, Candida albicans, Cryptpcoccus neoformans) were explored by the cut plug method and viable cell counting methods. Conclusions Amine-terminated polyacrylonitrile were used as a novel polymeric carrier for benzaldehyde derivatives as antimicrobial agents. The prepared polymers can inhibit the growth of the microorganisms. The activity was varied according to the tested microorganism as well as the polymer microstructure. It was found that the activity increased with increasing the number phenolic hydroxyl group of the bioactive group. Finally, it is anticipated that the prepared antimicrobial polymers would be of great help in the field of biomedical applications and biological water treatment. PMID:23025798

  7. Synthesis and characterization of complexes of p-isopropyl benzaldehyde and methyl 2-pyridyl ketone thiosemicarbazones with Zn(II) and Cd(II) metallic centers. Cytotoxic activity and induction of apoptosis in Pam-ras cells.

    PubMed

    Pérez, J M; Matesanz, A I; Martín-Ambite, A; Navarro, P; Alonso, C; Souza, P

    1999-07-15

    It is known that metallic complexes of methyl 2-pyridyl ketone thiosemicarbazone (HL1) and p-isopropyl benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (HL2) may have potential antitumor activity. We have prepared complexes of HL1 and HL2 with Zn(II) and Cd(II). The cytotoxic activity shown by these compounds against cell lines sensitive and resistant to cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) (cis-DDP) indicates that coupling of HL1 and HL2 to Zn(II) and Cd(II) centers may result in metallic complexes with important biological properties since they display IC50 values in a microM range similar to that of the antitumor drug cis-DDP. Moreover, it is interesting to note that the Zn/HL2 complex exhibits specific cytotoxic activity against Pam-ras cells (cis-DDP resistant cells which over-express the H-ras oncogene) with an in vitro therapeutic index of 3.26 versus 0.78 for cis-DDP. Treatment of Pam-ras cells with the IC50 value of the Zn/HL2 compound induces a 'DNA ladder' (fragmentation of genomic DNA in nucleosome units) indicative of apoptosis in this ras-transformed cell line. In contrast, a 'DNA smear' (non-specific fragmentation of genomic DNA) is observed in Pam 212 normal cells treated with the IC50 of this compound. The analysis by circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy of the interaction of the Zn/HL2 compound with calf thymus DNA (CT DNA) indicates that it produces stronger alterations on the double helix conformation than cis-DDP. So, these results suggest that Zn/HL2 may be considered a potential antitumor agent. PMID:10499288

  8. Bivalent transition metal complexes of coumarin-3-yl thiosemicarbazone derivatives: Spectroscopic, antibacterial activity and thermogravimetric studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Refat, Moamen S.; El-Deen, Ibrahim M.; Anwer, Zeinab M.; El-Ghol, Samir

    2009-02-01

    Schiff base complexes of Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) with two coumarin-3-yl thiosemicarbazone derivatives (1E)-1-(1-(2-oxo-2H-chromen-3-yl)ethylidene)thiosemicarbazide (OCET) and (1E)-1-(1-(6-bromo-2-oxo-2H-chromen-3-yl)ethylidene)thiosemicarbazide (BOCET) were synthesized by the reaction of Cu(II), Co(II) and Ni(II) chlorides with each mentioned ligand with molar ratio 1:2 metal-to-ligand. Both ligands and their metal complexes were characterized by different physicochemical methods, elemental analysis, molar conductivity, (UV-vis, Mass, Infrared, 1H NMR spectra) and also thermal analysis (TG and DTG) techniques. The discussion of the outcome data of the prepared complexes indicate that the coumarin-3-yl thiosemicarbazone derivatives ligands behave as a bidentate ligand through both thione sulphur and azomethine nitrogen with 1:2 (metal:ligand) stoichiometry for all complexes. The molar conductance measurements proved that the complexes are electrolytes. The kinetic thermodynamic parameters such as: E?, ? H?, ? S?and ? G?are calculated from the DTG curves, all complexes are more ordered except Ni(II) complexes. The antibacterial activity of the coumarin-3-yl thiosemicarbazone derivatives and their metal complexes was evaluated against some kinds of Gram positive and Gram negative bacteria.

  9. Novel heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones derivatives as colorimetric and “turn on” fluorescent sensors for fluoride anion sensing employing hydrogen bonding

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ashok Kumar, S. L.; Saravana Kumar, M.; Sreeja, P. B.; Sreekanth, A.

    2013-09-01

    Two novel heterocyclic thiosemicarbazone derivatives have been synthesized, and characterized, by means of spectroscopic and single crystal X-ray diffraction methods. Their chromophoric-fluorogenic response towards anions in competing solvent dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was studied. The receptor shows selective recognition towards fluoride anion. The binding affinity of the receptors with fluoride anion was calculated using UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopic techniques.

  10. Evaluation of DNA-binding, DNA cleavage, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of mononuclear ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes of benzaldehyde 4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sampath, Krishnan; Sathiyaraj, Subbaiyan; Jayabalakrishnan, Chinnasamy

    2013-11-01

    Two 4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone ligands, (E)-2-(2-chlorobenzylidene)-N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide (HL1) and (E)-2-(2-nitrobenzylidene)-N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide (HL2), and its ruthenium(II) complexes were synthesized and characterized by physico-chemical and spectroscopic methods. The Schiff bases act as bidentate, monobasic chelating ligands with S and N as the donor sites and are preferably found in the thiol form in all the complexes studied. The molecular structure of HL1 and HL2 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. DNA binding of the compounds was investigated by absorption spectroscopy which indicated that the compounds bind to DNA via intercalation. The oxidative cleavage of the complexes with CT-DNA inferred that the effects of cleavage are dose dependent. Antioxidant study of the ligands and complexes showed significant antioxidant activity against DPPH radical. In addition, the in vitro cytotoxicity of the ligands and complexes assayed against HeLa and MCF-7 cell lines showed higher cytotoxic activity with the lower IC50 values indicating their efficiency in killing the cancer cells even at low concentrations.

  11. Mixed ligand ruthenium(III) complexes of benzaldehyde 4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazones with triphenylphosphine/triphenylarsine co-ligands: Synthesis, DNA binding, DNA cleavage, antioxidative and cytotoxic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sampath, K.; Sathiyaraj, S.; Raja, G.; Jayabalakrishnan, C.

    2013-08-01

    The new ruthenium(III) complexes with 4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone ligands, (E)-2-(2-chlorobenzylidene)-N-methylhydrazinecarbothioamide (HL1) and (E)-2-(2-nitrobenzylidene)-N-methylhydrazinecarbothioamide (HL2), were prepared and characterized by various physico-chemical and spectroscopic methods. The title compounds act as bidentate, monobasic chelating ligands with S and N as the donor sites and are preferably found in the thiol form in all the complexes studied. The molecular structure of HL1 and HL2 were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. DNA binding of the ligands and complexes were investigated by absorption spectroscopy and IR spectroscopy. It reveals that the compounds bind to nitrogenous bases of DNA via intercalation. The oxidative cleavage of the complexes with CT-DNA inferred that the effects of cleavage are dose dependent. Antioxidant study of the ligands and complexes showed the significant antioxidant activity against DPPH radical. In addition, the in vitro cytotoxicity of the ligands and complexes against MCF-7 cell line was assayed which showed higher cytotoxic activity with the lower IC50 values indicating their efficiency in killing the cancer cells even at low concentrations.

  12. Evaluation of DNA-binding, DNA cleavage, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of mononuclear ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes of benzaldehyde 4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Sampath, Krishnan; Sathiyaraj, Subbaiyan; Jayabalakrishnan, Chinnasamy

    2013-11-01

    Two 4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone ligands, (E)-2-(2-chlorobenzylidene)-N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide (HL(1)) and (E)-2-(2-nitrobenzylidene)-N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide (HL(2)), and its ruthenium(II) complexes were synthesized and characterized by physico-chemical and spectroscopic methods. The Schiff bases act as bidentate, monobasic chelating ligands with S and N as the donor sites and are preferably found in the thiol form in all the complexes studied. The molecular structure of HL(1) and HL(2) were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction method. DNA binding of the compounds was investigated by absorption spectroscopy which indicated that the compounds bind to DNA via intercalation. The oxidative cleavage of the complexes with CT-DNA inferred that the effects of cleavage are dose dependent. Antioxidant study of the ligands and complexes showed significant antioxidant activity against DPPH radical. In addition, the in vitro cytotoxicity of the ligands and complexes assayed against HeLa and MCF-7 cell lines showed higher cytotoxic activity with the lower IC50 values indicating their efficiency in killing the cancer cells even at low concentrations. PMID:23845986

  13. Oxygenation of methylarenes to benzaldehyde derivatives by a polyoxometalate mediated electron transfer-oxygen transfer reaction in aqueous sulfuric Acid.

    PubMed

    Sarma, Bidyut Bikash; Efremenko, Irena; Neumann, Ronny

    2015-05-13

    The synthesis of benzaldehyde derivatives by oxygenation of methylarenes is of significant conceptual and practical interest because these compounds are important chemical intermediates whose synthesis is still carried out by nonsustainable methods with very low atom economy and formation of copious amounts of waste. Now an oxygenation reaction with a 100% theoretical atom economy using a polyoxometalate oxygen donor has been found. The product yield is typically above 95% with no "overoxidation" to benzoic acids; H2 is released by electrolysis, enabling additional reaction cycles. An electrocatalytic cycle is also feasible. This reaction is possible through the use of an aqueous sulfuric acid solvent, in an aqueous biphasic reaction mode that also allows simple catalyst recycling and recovery. The solvent plays a key role in the reaction mechanism by protonating the polyoxometalate thereby enabling the activation of the methylarenes by an electron transfer process. After additional proton transfer and oxygen transfer steps, benzylic alcohols are formed that further react by an electron transfer-proton transfer sequence forming benzaldehyde derivatives. PMID:25901934

  14. Synthesis of isatin thiosemicarbazones derivatives: In vitro anti-cancer, DNA binding and cleavage activities

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ali, Amna Qasem; Teoh, Siang Guan; Salhin, Abdussalam; Eltayeb, Naser Eltaher; Khadeer Ahamed, Mohamed B.; Majid, A. M. S. Abdul

    New derivatives of thiosemicarbazone Schiff base with isatin moiety were synthesized L1-L6. The structures of these compounds were characterized based on the spectroscopic techniques. Compound L6 was further characterized by XRD single crystal. The interaction of these compounds with calf thymus (CT-DNA) exhibited high intrinsic binding constant (kb = 5.03-33.00 × 105 M-1) for L1-L3 and L5 and (6.14-9.47 × 104 M-1) for L4 and L6 which reflect intercalative activity of these compounds toward CT-DNA. This result was also confirmed by the viscosity data. The electrophoresis studies reveal the higher cleavage activity of L1-L3 than L4-L6. The in vitro anti-proliferative activity of these compounds against human colon cancer cell line (HCT 116) revealed that the synthesized compounds (L3, L6 and L2) exhibited good anticancer potency.

  15. Copper(II) complexes with 2-pyridineformamide-derived thiosemicarbazones: Spectral studies and toxicity against Artemia salina

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferraz, Karina O.; Wardell, Solange M. S. V.; Wardell, James L.; Louro, Sonia R. W.; Beraldo, Heloisa

    2009-07-01

    The copper(II) complexes [Cu(H2Am4DH)Cl 2] ( 1), [Cu(H2Am4Me)Cl 2] ( 2), [Cu(H2Am4Et)Cl 2] ( 3) and [Cu(2Am4Ph)Cl] ( 4) with 2-pyridineformamide thiosemicarbazone (H2Am4DH) and its N(4)-methyl (H2Am4Me), N(4)-ethyl (H2Am4Et) and N(4)-phenyl (H2Am4Ph) derivatives were studied by means of infrared and EPR spectral techniques. The crystal structure of 4 was determined. The studied compounds proved to be toxic to Artemia salina, suggesting that they could present cytotoxic activity against solid tumors. Among the free thiosemicarbazones H2Am4Ph presented higher toxicity than all other compounds, which showed comparable effects. In the case of complexes 2 and 3 toxicity is probably attributable to the complex as an entity or to a synergistic effect involving the thiosemicarbazone and copper. H2Am4Ph and complexes 2 and 3 revealed to be the most promising compounds as potential antineoplasic agents.

  16. Gold-catalyzed annulations of 2-alkynyl benzaldehydes with vinyl ethers: synthesis of dihydronaphthalene, isochromene, and bicyclo[2.2.2]octane derivatives.

    PubMed

    Malhotra, Deepika; Liu, Le-Ping; Mashuta, Mark S; Hammond, G B

    2013-03-18

    With the suitable selection of a gold catalyst as well as the appropriate control of the reaction conditions, various new gold-catalyzed cyclizations of 2-alkynyl benzaldehyde with acyclic or cyclic vinyl ethers have been developed. Acetal-tethered dihydronaphthalene and isochromenes were obtained from the reactions of 2-alkynyl benzaldehydes with acyclic vinyl ethers under mild conditions. And, more interestingly, the gold-catalyzed reactions of 2-alkynyl benzaldehyde with a cyclic vinyl ether afforded the bicyclo[2.2.2]octane derivative involving two molecules of cyclic vinyl ethers. These products contain interesting substructures that have been found in many biologically active molecules and natural products. In addition, a gold-catalyzed homo-dimerization of 2-phenylethynyl benzaldehyde 1a was observed when the reaction was carried out in the absence of vinyl ether, affording a set of separable diastereomeric products. Plausible mechanisms for these transformations are discussed; a gold-containing benzopyrylium was regarded as the crucial intermediate by which a number of these new transformations took place. PMID:23362089

  17. 3-Nitro­benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Wu, De-Hong; Li, Zhu-Feng; Zhang, You-Hong

    2009-01-01

    The mol­ecule of the title compound, C8H8N4O2S, adopts an E configuration about both the C—N bonds. In the crystal structure, adjacent mol­ecules are linked by inter­molecular N—H?S hydrogen-bonding inter­actions, forming chains running parallel to the b axis. PMID:21581620

  18. In vitro evaluation of the activity of thiosemicarbazone derivatives against mycotoxigenic fungi affecting cereals.

    PubMed

    Degola, Francesca; Morcia, Caterina; Bisceglie, Franco; Mussi, Francesca; Tumino, Giorgio; Ghizzoni, Roberta; Pelosi, Giorgio; Terzi, Valeria; Buschini, Annamaria; Restivo, Francesco Maria; Lodi, Tiziana

    2015-05-01

    With a steadily increasing world population, a more efficient system of food production is of paramount importance. One of the major causes of food spoilage is the presence of fungal pathogens and the production and accumulation of mycotoxins. In the present work we report a study on the activity of a series of functionalized thiosemicarbazones (namely cuminaldehyde, trans-cinnamaldehyde, quinoline-2-carboxyaldehyde, 5-fluoroisatin thiosemicarbazone and 5-fluoroisatin N(4)-methylthiosemicarbazone), as antifungal and anti-mycotoxin agents, against the two major genera of cereal mycotoxigenic fungi, i.e. Fusarium and Aspergillus. These thiosemicarbazones display different patterns of efficacy on fungal growth and on mycotoxin accumulation depending on the fungal species. Some of the molecules display a greater effect on mycotoxin synthesis than on fungal growth. PMID:25702884

  19. Structural studies on acetophenone- and benzophenone-derived thiosemicarbazones and their zinc(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ferraz, Karina S. O.; Silva, Nayane F.; Da Silva, Jeferson G.; Speziali, Nivaldo L.; Mendes, Isolda C.; Beraldo, Heloisa

    2012-01-01

    In the present work N(3)- meta-chlorophenyl-(HAc3 mCl, 1) and N(3)- meta-fluorphenyl-(HAc3 mF, 2) acetophenone thiosemicarbazone, and N(3)- meta-chlorophenyl-(HBz3 mCl, 3) and N(3)- meta-fluorphenyl-(HBz3 mF, 4) benzophenone thiosemicarbazone were obtained, as well as their zinc(II) complexes [Zn(Ac3 mCl) 2] ( 5), [Zn(Ac3 mF) 2] ( 6), [Zn(Bz3 mCl) 2] ( 7) and [Zn(Bz3 mF) 2] ( 8). Upon re-crystallization in DMSO:acetone conversion of 8 into [Zn(Bz3 mF) 2]·(DMSO) ( 8a) occurred. The crystal structures of 2, 5 and 8a were determined.

  20. Synthesis of thiophene-thiosemicarbazone derivatives and evaluation of their in vitro and in vivo antitumor activities.

    PubMed

    de Oliveira, Jamerson Ferreira; da Silva, Anekécia Lauro; Vendramini-Costa, Débora Barbosa; da Cruz Amorim, Cezar Augusto; Campos, Júlia Furtado; Ribeiro, Amélia Galdino; Olímpio de Moura, Ricardo; Neves, Jorge Luiz; Ruiz, Ana Lúcia Tasca Gois; Ernesto de Carvalho, João; Alves de Lima, Maria do Carmo

    2015-11-01

    A series of thiophene-2-thiosemicarbazones derivatives (5-14) was synthesized, characterized and evaluated for their antitumor activity. They were tested in vitro against human tumor cell lines through the colorimetric method. The results revealed that compounds 7 and 9 were the most effective in inhibiting 50% of the cell growth after 48 h of treatment. As compound 7 showed a potent antiproliferative profile, it has been chosen for further studies in 786-0 cell line by flow cytometry. Treatments with compound 7 (50 ?M) induced early phosphatidylserine exposure after 18 h of exposure and this process progressed phosphatidylserine exposure with loss of cell membrane integrity after 24 h of treatment, suggesting a time-dependent cell death process. Regarding the cell cycle profile, no changes were observed after treatment with compound 7 (25 ?M), suggesting a mechanism of cell death independent on the cell cycle. The in vivo studies show that compound 7 possess low acute toxicity, being the doses of 30-300 mgKg(-1) chosen for studies in Ehrlich solid tumor model in mice. All doses were able to inhibit tumor development being the lowest one the most effective. Our findings highlight thiophene-2-thiosemicarbazones as a promising class of compounds for further studies concerning new anticancer therapies. PMID:26454648

  1. Influence of anthraquinone scaffold on E/Z isomer distribution of two thiosemicarbazone derivatives. 2D NMR and DFT studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Markovi?, Violeta; Joksovi?, Milan D.; Markovi?, Svetlana; Jakovljevi?, Ivan

    2014-01-01

    A distribution of possible isomeric and tautomeric forms of two tautomerizable anthraquinone-thiosemicarbazones with pronounced cytotoxic potential was investigated using 2D NMR and DFT studies. Conformational analysis of the E and Z isomers of both thiosemicarbazones was performed to find out the most stable conformation for each molecule. It was found that superior stability of E-isomers results from ten-membered intramolecular hydrogen bond between thiosemicarbazone N2H and anthraquinone carbonyl group. This hydrogen bond is stronger than that between thiosemicarbazone N2H and ester oxygen, owing to the large partial negative charge on the anthraquinone oxygen.

  2. Inhibitory effect of synthetic aromatic heterocycle thiosemicarbazone derivatives on mushroom tyrosinase: Insights from fluorescence, (1)H NMR titration and molecular docking studies.

    PubMed

    Xie, Juan; Dong, Huanhuan; Yu, Yanying; Cao, Shuwen

    2016-01-01

    Three structurally similar aromatic heterocyclic compounds 2-thiophenecarboxaldehyde (a), 2-furaldehyde (b), 2-pyrrolecarboxaldehyde (c) were chosen and a series of their thiosemicarbazone derivatives(1a-3a, 1b-3b and 1c-3c) were synthesized to evaluate their biological activities as mushroom tyrosinase inhibitors. The inhibitory effects of these compounds on tyrosinase were investigated by using spectrofluorimetry, (1)H NMR titration and molecular docking techniques. From the results of fluorescence spectrum and (1)H NMR titration, it was found that forming complexes between the sulfur atom from thiourea and copper ion of enzyme center may play a key role for inhibition activity. Moreover, investigation of (1)H NMR spectra further revealed that formation of hydrogen bond between inhibitor and enzyme may be helpful to above complexes formation. The results were well coincident with the suggestion of molecular docking and obviously showed that 2-thiophone N(4)-thiosemicarbazone (1a), 2-furfuran N(4)-thiosemicarbazone (1b) and 2-pyrrole N(4)-thiosemicarbazone (1c) are potential inhibitors which deserves further investigation. PMID:26213029

  3. Design and synthesis of novel 5,6-disubstituted pyridine-2,3-dione-3-thiosemicarbazone derivatives as potential anticancer agents.

    PubMed

    Xie, Wenlin; Xie, Shimin; Zhou, Ying; Tang, Xufu; Liu, Jian; Yang, Wenqian; Qiu, Minghua

    2014-06-23

    A series of 5,6-disubstituted pyridine-2,3-dione-3-thiosemicarbazone derivatives(2a-2n) and 5,6-disubstituted pyridine-2,3-dione S-benzyl-3-thiosemicarbazones(3a-3g) were synthesized starting from 2,3-dihydroxypyridine via oxidation-Michael additions, condensations and nucleophilic substitutions. The structures of the compounds were established by IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR, and HRMS. All newly synthesized compounds were screened for their anticancer activity against Breast cancer (MCF-7), Colon cancer (HCT-116) and hepatocellular cancer (BEL7402) cell lines. Bioassay results indicated that most of the prepared compounds exhibited cytotoxicity against various cancer cells in vitro. Some of the compounds exhibited promising antiproliferative activity, which were comparable to the positive control (5-fluorouracil). The structure-activity relationship was discussed. PMID:24819956

  4. Ruthenium(II) complexes of 2-benzoylpyridine-derived thiosemicarbazones with cytotoxic activity against human tumor cell lines

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graminha, Angelica E.; Rodrigues, Cláudia; Batista, Alzir A.; Teixeira, Letícia R.; Fagundes, Elaine S.; Beraldo, Heloisa

    2008-04-01

    Reaction of [RuCl 3(dppb)H 2O] (dppb = 1,4 bis(diphenylphospine)butane) with 2-benzoylpyridine thiosemicarbazone (H2Bz4DH) and its N(4)-methyl (H2Bz4M) and N(4)-phehyl (H2Bz4Ph) derivatives gave [RuCl(dppb)(H2Bz4DH)]Cl ( 1), [RuCl(dppb)(H2Bz4M)]Cl ( 2) and [RuCl(dppb)(H2Bz4Ph)]Cl ( 3). The cytotoxic activity of the studied compounds was tested against the MCF-7, TK-10 and UACC-62 human tumor cell lines. The precursor [RuCl 3(dppb)H 2O] exhibits cytocidal activity against the tree cell lines. H2BzDH, H2Bz4M, and [RuCl(dppb)(H2Bz4M)]Cl ( 2) show a selective cytocidal effect against the UACC-62 cell line which makes them the most promising compounds.

  5. Thiosemicarbazone p-Substituted Acetophenone Derivatives Promote the Loss of Mitochondrial ??, GSH Depletion, and Death in K562 Cells

    PubMed Central

    Pessoto, Felipe S.; Yokomizo, Cesar H.; Prieto, Tatiana; Fernandes, Cleverton S.; Silva, Alan P.; Kaiser, Carlos R.; Basso, Ernani A.; Nantes, Iseli L.

    2015-01-01

    A series of thiosemicarbazone (TSC) p-substituted acetophenone derivatives were synthesized and chemically characterized. The p-substituents appended to the phenyl group of the TSC structures were hydrogen, fluor, chlorine, methyl, and nitro, producing compounds named TSC-H, TSC-F, TSC-Cl, TSC-Me, and TSC-NO2, respectively. The TSC compounds were evaluated for their capacity to induce mitochondrial permeability, to deplete mitochondrial thiol content, and to promote cell death in the K562 cell lineage using flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy. TSC-H, TSC-F, and TSC-Cl exhibited a bell-shaped dose-response curve for the induction of apoptosis in K562 cells due to the change from apoptosis to necrosis as the principal mechanism of cell death at the highest tested doses. TSC-Me and TSC-NO2 exhibited a typical dose-response profile, with a half maximal effective concentration of approximately 10?µM for cell death. Cell death was also evaluated using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, which revealed lower toxicity of these compounds for peripheral blood mononuclear cells than for K562 cells. The possible mechanisms leading to cell death are discussed based on the observed effects of the new TSC compounds on the cellular thiol content and on mitochondrial bioenergetics. PMID:26075034

  6. Ruthenium(II) complexes of 2-benzoylpyridine-derived thiosemicarbazones with cytotoxic activity against human tumor cell lines.

    PubMed

    Graminha, Angelica E; Rodrigues, Cláudia; Batista, Alzir A; Teixeira, Letícia R; Fagundes, Elaine S; Beraldo, Heloisa

    2008-04-01

    Reaction of [RuCl(3)(dppb)H(2)O] (dppb=1,4 bis(diphenylphospine)butane) with 2-benzoylpyridine thiosemicarbazone (H2Bz4DH) and its N(4)-methyl (H2Bz4M) and N(4)-phehyl (H2Bz4Ph) derivatives gave [RuCl(dppb)(H2Bz4DH)]Cl (1), [RuCl(dppb)(H2Bz4M)]Cl (2) and [RuCl(dppb)(H2Bz4Ph)]Cl (3). The cytotoxic activity of the studied compounds was tested against the MCF-7, TK-10 and UACC-62 human tumor cell lines. The precursor [RuCl(3)(dppb)H(2)O] exhibits cytocidal activity against the tree cell lines. H2BzDH, H2Bz4M, and [RuCl(dppb)(H2Bz4M)]Cl (2) show a selective cytocidal effect against the UACC-62 cell line which makes them the most promising compounds. PMID:17706455

  7. Structural characteristics of thiosemicarbazones as inhibitors of melanogenesis.

    PubMed

    Lee, Ki-Cheul; Thanigaimalai, Pillaiyar; Sharma, Vinay K; Kim, Min-Seok; Roh, Eunmiri; Hwang, Bang-Yeon; Kim, Youngsoo; Jung, Sang-Hun

    2010-11-15

    A series of thiosemicarbazones 2(e-s) have been synthesized and studied their structure-activity relationship as melanogenesis inhibitor. Among them, (Z)-2-(naphthalen-1-ylmethylene)hydrazinecarbothioamide (2q, >100% inhibition at 10 ?M, IC(50)=1.1 ?M, ClogP=3.039) showed the strongest inhibitory activity. Regarding their structure-activity relationship, the hydrophobic substituents regardless the position on phenyl ring of benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazones enhance the inhibitory activity. Furthermore, the aromatic group of benzaldehydethiosemicarbazones can be replaced with sterically bulky cyclohexyl. Thus, hydrophobicity of the aryl or alkyl group on hydrazine of thiosemicarbazones is determinant factor for their inhibitory activity in melanogenesis rather than planarity. PMID:20863702

  8. 2,4-dihydroxy benzaldehyde derived Schiff bases as small molecule Hsp90 inhibitors: rational identification of a new anticancer lead.

    PubMed

    Dutta Gupta, Sayan; Revathi, B; Mazaira, Gisela I; Galigniana, Mario D; Subrahmanyam, C V S; Gowrishankar, N L; Raghavendra, N M

    2015-04-01

    Hsp90 is a molecular chaperone that heals diverse array of biomolecules ranging from multiple oncogenic proteins to the ones responsible for development of resistance to chemotherapeutic agents. Moreover they are over-expressed in cancer cells as a complex with co-chaperones and under-expressed in normal cells as a single free entity. Hence inhibitors of Hsp90 will be more effective and selective in destroying cancer cells with minimum chances of acquiring resistance to them. In continuation of our goal to rationally develop effective small molecule azomethines against Hsp90, we designed few more compounds belonging to the class of 2,4-dihydroxy benzaldehyde derived imines (1-13) with our validated docking protocol. The molecules exhibiting good docking score were synthesized and their structures were confirmed by IR, (1)H NMR and mass spectral analysis. Subsequently, they were evaluated for their potential to suppress Hsp90 ATPase activity by Malachite green assay. The antiproliferative effect of the molecules were examined on PC3 prostate cancer cell lines by adopting 3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay methodology. Finally, schiff base 13 emerged as the lead molecule for future design and development of Hsp90 inhibitors as anticancer agents. PMID:25727264

  9. Improved solid-phase extraction/micellar procedure for the derivatization/preconcentration of benzaldehyde and methyl derivatives from water samples.

    PubMed

    Fernández-Molina, José María; Silva, Manuel

    2011-07-15

    A simple, rapid and sensitive method has been developed for the determination of aromatic low-molecular mass aldehydes (LMMAs) such as benzaldehyde (BA) and methyl derivatives in water samples through the use of liquid chromatography-diode array detection (LC-DAD). The method is based on the continuous in situ derivatization of the aldehydes with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) on a LiChrolut EN solid-phase extraction (SPE) column in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles. After elution, hydrazones were successfully separated on a RP-C(18) column using a linear gradient mobile phase of acetonitrile (ACN)-water at 75-95% ACN for 10 min. Linearity was established over the concentration range 0.4-200 ?g L(-1) and limits of detection (LODs) from 120 to 200 ng L(-1); the inter-day precision expressed as the relative standard deviation (RSD) of the aldehydes ranged from 3.0% to 3.5%. The method was successfully applied to the analysis of aromatic and aliphatic LMMAs in water samples with average recoveries ranging between 93.6% and 99.5%. The proposed method surpasses other chromatographic alternatives in terms of LODs, sample requirements for analysis and cost. PMID:21645724

  10. Synthesis, DNA Binding, and Antiproliferative Activity of Novel Acridine-Thiosemicarbazone Derivatives.

    PubMed

    de Almeida, Sinara Mônica Vitalino; Lafayette, Elizabeth Almeida; da Silva, Lúcia Patrícia Bezerra Gomes; Amorim, Cézar Augusto da Cruz; de Oliveira, Tiago Bento; Ruiz, Ana Lucia Tasca Gois; de Carvalho, João Ernesto; de Moura, Ricardo Olímpio; Beltrão, Eduardo Isidoro Carneiro; de Lima, Maria do Carmo Alves; de Carvalho Júnior, Luiz Bezerra

    2015-01-01

    In this work, the acridine nucleus was used as a lead-compound for structural modification by adding different substituted thiosemicarbazide moieties. Eight new (Z)-2-(acridin-9-ylmethylene)-N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide derivatives (3a-h) were synthesized, their antiproliferative activities were evaluated, and DNA binding properties were performed with calf thymus DNA (ctDNA) by electronic absorption and fluorescence spectroscopies. Both hyperchromic and hypochromic effects, as well as red or blue shifts were demonstrated by addition of ctDNA to the derivatives. The calculated binding constants ranged from 1.74 × 10(4) to 1.0 × 10(6) M(-1) and quenching constants from -0.2 × 10(4) to 2.18 × 10(4) M(-1) indicating high affinity to ctDNA base pairs. The most efficient compound in binding to ctDNA in vitro was (Z)-2-(acridin-9-ylmethylene)-N- (4-chlorophenyl) hydrazinecarbothioamide (3f), while the most active compound in antiproliferative assay was (Z)-2-(acridin-9-ylmethylene)-N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide (3a). There was no correlation between DNA-binding and in vitro antiproliferative activity, but the results suggest that DNA binding can be involved in the biological activity mechanism. This study may guide the choice of the size and shape of the intercalating part of the ligand and the strategic selection of substituents that increase DNA-binding or antiproliferative properties. PMID:26068233

  11. Synthesis, DNA Binding, and Antiproliferative Activity of Novel Acridine-Thiosemicarbazone Derivatives

    PubMed Central

    de Almeida, Sinara Mônica Vitalino; Lafayette, Elizabeth Almeida; Gomes da Silva, Lúcia Patrícia Bezerra; Amorim, Cézar Augusto da Cruz; de Oliveira, Tiago Bento; Gois Ruiz, Ana Lucia Tasca; de Carvalho, João Ernesto; de Moura, Ricardo Olímpio; Beltrão, Eduardo Isidoro Carneiro; de Lima, Maria do Carmo Alves; de Carvalho Júnior, Luiz Bezerra

    2015-01-01

    In this work, the acridine nucleus was used as a lead-compound for structural modification by adding different substituted thiosemicarbazide moieties. Eight new (Z)-2-(acridin-9-ylmethylene)-N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide derivatives (3a–h) were synthesized, their antiproliferative activities were evaluated, and DNA binding properties were performed with calf thymus DNA (ctDNA) by electronic absorption and fluorescence spectroscopies. Both hyperchromic and hypochromic effects, as well as red or blue shifts were demonstrated by addition of ctDNA to the derivatives. The calculated binding constants ranged from 1.74 × 104 to 1.0 × 106 M?1 and quenching constants from ?0.2 × 104 to 2.18 × 104 M?1 indicating high affinity to ctDNA base pairs. The most efficient compound in binding to ctDNA in vitro was (Z)-2-(acridin-9-ylmethylene)-N-(4-chlorophenyl) hydrazinecarbothioamide (3f), while the most active compound in antiproliferative assay was (Z)-2-(acridin-9-ylmethylene)-N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide (3a). There was no correlation between DNA-binding and in vitro antiproliferative activity, but the results suggest that DNA binding can be involved in the biological activity mechanism. This study may guide the choice of the size and shape of the intercalating part of the ligand and the strategic selection of substituents that increase DNA-binding or antiproliferative properties. PMID:26068233

  12. Anti-parasitic action and elimination of intracellular Toxoplasma gondii in the presence of novel thiosemicarbazone and its 4-thiazolidinone derivatives.

    PubMed

    Carvalho, C S; Melo, E J T de; Tenório, R P; Góes, A J S

    2010-02-01

    Toxoplasma, which infects all eukaryotic cells, is considered to be a good system for the study of drug action and of the behavior of infected host cells. In the present study, we asked if thiosemicarbazone derivatives can be effective against tachyzoites and which morphological and ultrastructural features of host cells and parasites are associated with the destruction of Toxoplasma. The compounds were tested in infected Vero cell culture using concentration screens (0.1 to 20 mM). The final concentration of 1 mM was chosen for biological assay. The following results were obtained: 1) These new derivatives decreased T. gondii infection with an in vitro parasite IC50% of 0.2-0.7 mM, without a significant effect on host cells and the more efficient compounds were 2, 3 (thiosemicarbazone derivatives) and 4 (thiazolidinone derivative); 2) The main feature observed during parasite elimination was continuous morphological disorganization of the tachyzoite secretory system, progressive organelle vesiculation, and then complete disruption; 3) Ultrastructural assays also revealed that progressive vesiculation in the cytoplasm of treated parasites did not occur in the host cell; 4) Vesiculation inside the parasite resulted in death, but this feature occurred asynchronously in different intracellular tachyzoites; 5) The death and elimination of T. gondii was associated with features such as apoptosis-like stage, acidification and digestion of parasites into parasitophorous vacuoles. Our results suggest that these new chemical compounds are promising for the elimination of intracellular parasites by mainly affecting tachyzoite development at 1 mM concentration for 24 h of treatment. PMID:19893994

  13. New Oxidovanadium Complexes Incorporating Thiosemicarbazones and 1, 10-Phenanthroline Derivatives as DNA Cleavage, Potential Anticancer Agents, and Hydroxyl Radical Scavenger.

    PubMed

    Ying, Peng; Zeng, Pengfei; Lu, Jiazheng; Chen, Hongyuan; Liao, Xiangwen; Yang, Ning

    2015-10-01

    Four novel oxidovanadium(IV) complexes, [VO(hntdtsc)(PHIP)] (1) (hntdtsc = 2-hydroxy-1-naphthaldehyde thiosemicarbazone, PHIP= 2-phenyl-imidazo[4,5-f]1,10-phenanthroline), [VO(hntdtsc)(DPPZ)](2)(DPPZ= dipyrido[3,2-a:2',3'-c]phenazine), [VO(satsc)(PHIP)](3) (satsc=salicylaldehyde thiosemicarbazone), and [VO(satsc)(DPPZ)](4), have been prepared and characterized. The chemical nuclease activities and photocleavage reactions of the complexes were tested. All four complexes can efficiently cleave pBR322 DNA, and complex 1 has the best cleaving ability. The antitumor properties of these complexes were examined with three different tumor cell lines using MTT assay. Their antitumor mechanism has been analyzed using cell cycle analysis, fluorescence microscopy of apoptosis, and Annexin V-FITC/PI assay. The results showed that the growth of human neuroblastoma (SH-SY5Y, SK-N-SH) and human breast adenocarcinoma (MCF-7) cells were inhibited significantly with very low IC50 values. Complex 1 was found to be the most potent antitumor agent among the four complexes. It can cause G0/G1 phase arrest of the cell cycle and exhibited significant induced apoptosis in SK-N-SH cells and displayed typical morphological apoptotic characteristics. In addition, they all displayed reasonable abilities to scavenge hydroxyl radical, and complex 1 was the best inhibitor. PMID:25659415

  14. 3,4-Dihydroxy­benzaldehyde thio­semi­carbazone

    PubMed Central

    Tan, Kong Wai; Farina, Yang; Ng, Chew Hee; Maah, Mohd Jamil; Ng, Seik Weng

    2008-01-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, C8H9N3O2S, contains three independent mol­ecules which are stacked approximately over each other. In the crystal structure, centrosymmetric pairs of mol­ecules are formed through inter­molecular hydr­oxy–hydr­oxy O—H?O and hydr­oxy–sulfur O—H?S hydrogen bonds which are, in turn, linked into a two-dimensional network by N—H?O(hydr­oxy) hydrogen bonds. PMID:21202591

  15. 2,5-Dimethoxy­benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Fun, Hoong-Kun; Jebas, Samuel Robinson; D’Silva, E. Deepak; Patil, P. S.; Dharmaprakash, S. M.

    2008-01-01

    In the title mol­ecule, C10H13N3O2S, the dihedral angle between benzene and –N—C(=S)—N—N=C– planes is 9.20?(6)°. The two meth­oxy groups are coplanar with the benzene ring [C—O—C—C torsion angles of ?2.31?(18) and ?6.45?(17)°]. In the crystal structure, mol­ecules are linked by inter­molecular N—H?S, N—H?O and C—H?O hydrogen bonds, forming a three-dimensional network. PMID:21581256

  16. 5-Bromo-2-hy­droxy­benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Kargar, Hadi; Kia, Reza; Akkurt, Mehmet; Büyükgüngör, Orhan

    2010-01-01

    The mol­ecule of the title compound, C8H8BrN3OS, is close to being planar, with maximum deviations of ?0.127?(3) and 0.135?(5)?Å for the N atoms of the –NH– and NH2– groups, respectively. Intra­molecular N—H?N and O—H?N hydrogen bonds to the same acceptor N atom generate S(5) and S(6) ring motifs. In the crystal structure, mol­ecules are connected into [010] chains by pairs of N—H?S hydrogen bonds with R 2 2(8) graph-set motifs. The crystal used for data collection was found to be an inversion twin. PMID:21589160

  17. 5-Chloro-2-hy­droxy­benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Kargar, Hadi; Kia, Reza; Akkurt, Mehmet; Büyükgüngör, Orhan

    2010-01-01

    In the title compound, C8H8ClN3OS, the whole mol­ecule assumes a planar structure, with an r.m.s. deviation of 0.108?(2)?Å, and an intra­molecular O—H?N hydrogen bond generates and S(6) and ring motif. In the crystal structure, each of two pairs of inter­molecular N—H?S hydrogen bonds connects two mol­ecules, forming inversion dimers with R 2 2(8) motifs. PMID:21589147

  18. 4-Cyano­benzaldehyde thio­semi­carbazone

    PubMed Central

    Wu, De-Hong; Zhang, You-Hong; Li, Zhu-Feng; Li, Yong-Hua

    2009-01-01

    The mol­ecule of the title compound, C9H8N4S, adopts an E configuration about both the C=N and C—NH bonds. In the crystal structure, adjacent mol­ecules are linked by inter­molecular N—H?S hydrogen-bonding inter­actions, forming chains running parallel to the b axis. PMID:21581570

  19. Synthesis, spectral and antimicrobial activity of Zn(II) complexes with Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and benzaldehyde/2-hydroxyacetophenone/indoline-2,3-dione

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Ajay K.; Pandey, O. P.; Sengupta, S. K.

    2013-09-01

    Zn(II) complexes have been synthesized by reacting zinc acetate with Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and 2-hydroxyacetophenone/benzaldehyde/indoline-2,3-dione. All these complexes are soluble in DMF and DMSO; low molar conductance values indicate that they are non electrolytes. Elemental analyses suggest that the complexes have 1:2 metal to ligands stoichiometry of the types [ZnL2(H2O)2](L = monoanionic Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and 2-hydroxyacetophenone/indoline-2,3-dione) [ZnL2?(OOCCH3)2(H2O)2](L? = neutral Schiff bases derived from 2-hydrazino-5-[substituted phenyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazole and benzaldehyde), and they were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR. Particle sizes of synthesized compounds were measured with dynamic light scattering (DLS) analyser which indicates that particle diameter are of the range ca. 100-200 nm. All these Schiff bases and their complexes have also been screened for their antibacterial (Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis), Escherichia coli (E. coli) and antifungal activities (Colletotrichum falcatum (C. falcatum), Aspergillus niger (A. niger), Fusarium oxysporium (F. oxysporium) Curvularia pallescence (C. pallescence). The antimicrobial activities have shown that upon complexation the activity increases.

  20. 4-Nitrobenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone: a new compound derived from S-(-)-limonene that induces mitochondrial alterations in epimastigotes and trypomastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi.

    PubMed

    Britta, Elizandra Aparecida; Scariot, Débora Botura; Falzirolli, Hugo; da Silva, Cleuza Conceição; Ueda-Nakamura, Tânia; Dias Filho, Benedito Prado; Borsali, Redouane; Nakamura, Celso Vataru

    2015-06-01

    Trypanosoma cruzi is the causative agent of Chagas' disease, a parasitic disease that remains a serious health concern with unsatisfactory treatment. Drugs that are currently used to treat Chagas' disease are partially effective in the acute phase but ineffective in the chronic phase of the disease. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antitrypanosomal activity and morphological, ultrastructural and biochemical alterations induced by a new molecule, 4-nitrobenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (BZTS), derived from S-(-)-limonene against epimastigote, trypomastigote and intracellular amastigote forms of T. cruzi. BZTS inhibited the growth of epimastigotes (IC50 = 9·2 ? m), intracellular amastigotes (IC50 = 3·23 ? m) and inhibited the viability of trypomastigotes (EC50 = 1·43 ? m). BZTS had a CC50 of 37·45 ? m in LLCMK2 cells. BZTS induced rounding and distortion of the cell body and severely damaged parasite mitochondria, reflected by extensive swelling and disorganization in the inner mitochondrial membrane and the presence of concentric membrane structures inside the organelle. Cytoplasmic vacuolization, endoplasmic reticulum that surrounded organelles, the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, and increased mitochondrial O2 •- production were also observed. Our results suggest that BZTS alters the ultrastructure and physiology of mitochondria, which could be closely related to parasite death. PMID:25711881

  1. Benzaldehyde-functionalized Polymer Vesicles

    PubMed Central

    Sun, Guorong; Fang, Huafeng; Cheng, Chong; Lu, Peng; Zhang, Ke; Walker, Amy V.; Taylor, John-Stephen A.; Wooley, Karen L.

    2009-01-01

    Polymer vesicles with diameters of ca. 100-600 nm and bearing benzaldehyde functionalities within the vesicular walls were constructed through self assembly of an amphiphilic block copolymer PEO45-b-PVBA26 in water. The reactivity of the benzaldehyde functionalities was verified by crosslinking the polymersomes, and also by a one-pot crosslinking and functionalization approach to further render the vesicles fluorescent, each via reductive amination. In vitro studies found these labelled nanostructures to undergo cell association. PMID:19309173

  2. Synthesis and Characterization of New Palladium(II) Thiosemicarbazone Complexes and Their Cytotoxic Activity against Various Human Tumor Cell Lines.

    PubMed

    Hernández, Wilfredo; Paz, Juan; Carrasco, Fernando; Vaisberg, Abraham; Spodine, Evgenia; Manzur, Jorge; Hennig, Lothar; Sieler, Joachim; Blaurock, Steffen; Beyer, Lothar

    2013-01-01

    The palladium(II) bis-chelate complexes of the type [Pd(TSC(1-5))2] (6-10), with their corresponding ligands 4-phenyl-1-(acetone)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC(1) (1), 4-phenyl-1-(2'-chloro-benzaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC(2) (2), 4-phenyl-1-(3'-hydroxy-benzaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC(3) (3), 4-phenyl-1-(2'-naphthaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC(4) (4), and 4-phenyl-1-(1'-nitro-2'-naphthaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC(5) (5), were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic techniques (IR and (1)H- and (13)C-NMR). The molecular structure of HTSC(3), HTSC(4), and [Pd(TSC(1))2] (6) have been determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. Complex 6 shows a square planar geometry with two deprotonated ligands coordinated to Pd(II) through the azomethine nitrogen and thione sulfur atoms in a cis arrangement. The in vitro cytotoxic activity measurements indicate that the palladium(II) complexes (IC50 = 0.01-9.87??M) exhibited higher antiproliferative activity than their free ligands (IC50 = 23.48-70.86 and >250??M) against different types of human tumor cell lines. Among all the studied palladium(II) complexes, the [Pd(TSC(3))2] (8) complex exhibited high antitumor activity on the DU145 prostate carcinoma and K562 chronic myelogenous leukemia cells, with low values of the inhibitory concentration (0.01 and 0.02??M, resp.). PMID:24391528

  3. Synthesis and Characterization of New Palladium(II) Thiosemicarbazone Complexes and Their Cytotoxic Activity against Various Human Tumor Cell Lines

    PubMed Central

    Hernández, Wilfredo; Paz, Juan; Carrasco, Fernando; Spodine, Evgenia; Manzur, Jorge; Sieler, Joachim; Blaurock, Steffen; Beyer, Lothar

    2013-01-01

    The palladium(II) bis-chelate complexes of the type [Pd(TSC1-5)2] (6–10), with their corresponding ligands 4-phenyl-1-(acetone)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC1 (1), 4-phenyl-1-(2?-chloro-benzaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC2 (2), 4-phenyl-1-(3?-hydroxy-benzaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC3 (3), 4-phenyl-1-(2?-naphthaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC4 (4), and 4-phenyl-1-(1?-nitro-2?-naphthaldehyde)-thiosemicarbazone, HTSC5 (5), were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopic techniques (IR and 1H- and 13C-NMR). The molecular structure of HTSC3, HTSC4, and [Pd(TSC1)2] (6) have been determined by single crystal X-ray crystallography. Complex 6 shows a square planar geometry with two deprotonated ligands coordinated to PdII through the azomethine nitrogen and thione sulfur atoms in a cis arrangement. The in vitro cytotoxic activity measurements indicate that the palladium(II) complexes (IC50 = 0.01–9.87??M) exhibited higher antiproliferative activity than their free ligands (IC50 = 23.48–70.86 and >250??M) against different types of human tumor cell lines. Among all the studied palladium(II) complexes, the [Pd(TSC3)2] (8) complex exhibited high antitumor activity on the DU145 prostate carcinoma and K562 chronic myelogenous leukemia cells, with low values of the inhibitory concentration (0.01 and 0.02??M, resp.). PMID:24391528

  4. Inhibitory effects of benzaldehyde derivatives from the marine fungus Eurotium sp. SF-5989 on inflammatory mediators via the induction of heme oxygenase-1 in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages.

    PubMed

    Kim, Kyoung-Su; Cui, Xiang; Lee, Dong-Sung; Ko, Wonmin; Sohn, Jae Hak; Yim, Joung Han; An, Ren-Bo; Kim, Youn-Chul; Oh, Hyuncheol

    2014-01-01

    Two benzaldehyde derivatives, flavoglaucin (1) and isotetrahydro-auroglaucin (2), were isolated from the marine fungus Eurotium sp. SF-5989 through bioassay- and 1H NMR-guided investigation. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects of these compounds in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. We demonstrated that compounds 1 and 2 markedly inhibited LPS-induced nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production by suppressing inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein expression without affecting cell viability. We also demonstrated that the compounds reduced the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?), interleukin-1? (IL-1?) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Furthermore, compounds 1 and 2 inhibited LPS-induced nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) activation by suppressing phosphorylation of IkappaB (I?B). These results indicated that the anti-inflammatory effects of these benzaldehyde derivatives in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages were due to the inactivation of the NF-?B pathway. In addition, compounds 1 and 2 induced heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression through the nuclear transcription factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) translocation. The inhibitory effects of compounds 1 and 2 on the production of pro-inflammatory mediators and on NF-?B binding activity were reversed by HO-1 inhibitor tin protoporphyrin (SnPP). Thus, the anti-inflammatory effects of compounds 1 and 2 also correlated with their ability of inducing HO-1 expression. PMID:25535073

  5. Inhibitory Effects of Benzaldehyde Derivatives from the Marine Fungus Eurotium sp. SF-5989 on Inflammatory Mediators via the Induction of Heme Oxygenase-1 in Lipopolysaccharide-Stimulated RAW264.7 Macrophages

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Kyoung-Su; Cui, Xiang; Lee, Dong-Sung; Ko, Wonmin; Sohn, Jae Hak; Yim, Joung Han; An, Ren-Bo; Kim, Youn-Chul; Oh, Hyuncheol

    2014-01-01

    Two benzaldehyde derivatives, flavoglaucin (1) and isotetrahydro-auroglaucin (2), were isolated from the marine fungus Eurotium sp. SF-5989 through bioassay- and 1H NMR-guided investigation. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory effects of these compounds in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages. We demonstrated that compounds 1 and 2 markedly inhibited LPS-induced nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production by suppressing inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein expression without affecting cell viability. We also demonstrated that the compounds reduced the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?), interleukin-1? (IL-1?) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Furthermore, compounds 1 and 2 inhibited LPS-induced nuclear factor-?B (NF-?B) activation by suppressing phosphorylation of IkappaB (I?B). These results indicated that the anti-inflammatory effects of these benzaldehyde derivatives in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages were due to the inactivation of the NF-?B pathway. In addition, compounds 1 and 2 induced heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression through the nuclear transcription factor-E2–related factor 2 (Nrf2) translocation. The inhibitory effects of compounds 1 and 2 on the production of pro-inflammatory mediators and on NF-?B binding activity were reversed by HO-1 inhibitor tin protoporphyrin (SnPP). Thus, the anti-inflammatory effects of compounds 1 and 2 also correlated with their ability of inducing HO-1 expression. PMID:25535073

  6. Spectrophotometric, voltammetric and cytotoxicity studies of 2-hydroxy-5-methoxyacetophenone thiosemicarbazone and its N(4)-substituted derivatives: a combined experimental-computational study.

    PubMed

    Akgemci, Emine Guler; Saf, Ahmet Ozgur; Tasdemir, Halil Ugur; Türkkan, Ercan; Bingol, Haluk; Turan, Suna Ozbas; Akkiprik, Mustafa

    2015-02-01

    In this study, 2-hydroxy-5-methoxyacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (HMAT) and its novel N(4) substituted derivatives were synthesized and characterized by different techniques. The optical band gap of the compounds and the energy of HOMO were experimentally examined by UV-vis spectra and cyclic voltammetry measurements, respectively. Furthermore, the conformational spaces of the compounds were scanned with molecular mechanics method. The geometry optimization, HOMO and LUMO energies, the energy gap of the HOMO-LUMO, dipole moment of the compounds were theoretically calculated by the density functional theory B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level. The minimal electronic excitation energy and maximum wavelength calculations of the compounds were also performed by TD-DFT//B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory. Theoretically calculated values were compared with the related experimental values. The combined results exhibit that all compounds have good electron-donor properties which affect anti-proliferative activity. The cytotoxic effects of the compounds were also evaluated against HeLa (cervical carcinoma), MCF-7 (breast carcinoma) and PC-3 (prostatic carcinoma) cell lines using the standard MTT assay. All tested compounds showed antiproliferative effect having IC50 values in different range. In comparison with that of HMAT, it was obtained that while ethyl group on 4(N)-substituted position decreased in potent anti-proliferative effect, the phenyl group on the position increased in anti-proliferative effect for the tested cancer cell line. Considering the molecular energy parameters, the cytotoxicity activities of the compounds were discussed. PMID:25448971

  7. Spectrophotometric, voltammetric and cytotoxicity studies of 2-hydroxy-5-methoxyacetophenone thiosemicarbazone and its N(4)-substituted derivatives: A combined experimental-computational study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akgemci, Emine Guler; Saf, Ahmet Ozgur; Tasdemir, Halil Ugur; Türkkan, Ercan; Bingol, Haluk; Turan, Suna Ozbas; Akkiprik, Mustafa

    2015-02-01

    In this study, 2-hydroxy-5-methoxyacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (HMAT) and its novel N(4) substituted derivatives were synthesized and characterized by different techniques. The optical band gap of the compounds and the energy of HOMO were experimentally examined by UV-vis spectra and cyclic voltammetry measurements, respectively. Furthermore, the conformational spaces of the compounds were scanned with molecular mechanics method. The geometry optimization, HOMO and LUMO energies, the energy gap of the HOMO-LUMO, dipole moment of the compounds were theoretically calculated by the density functional theory B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level. The minimal electronic excitation energy and maximum wavelength calculations of the compounds were also performed by TD-DFT//B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory. Theoretically calculated values were compared with the related experimental values. The combined results exhibit that all compounds have good electron-donor properties which affect anti-proliferative activity. The cytotoxic effects of the compounds were also evaluated against HeLa (cervical carcinoma), MCF-7 (breast carcinoma) and PC-3 (prostatic carcinoma) cell lines using the standard MTT assay. All tested compounds showed antiproliferative effect having IC50 values in different range. In comparison with that of HMAT, it was obtained that while ethyl group on 4(N)-substituted position decreased in potent anti-proliferative effect, the phenyl group on the position increased in anti-proliferative effect for the tested cancer cell line. Considering the molecular energy parameters, the cytotoxicity activities of the compounds were discussed.

  8. Chiral ligands derived from Abrine 8. An experimental and theoretical study of free ligand conformational preferences and the addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde.

    PubMed

    Zhu, H J; Jiang, J X; Saebo, S; Pittman, C U

    2005-01-01

    Three structurally similar series of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline ligands, 4a-d, 6a-d and 7a-d, and two series of chiral oxazolidines, 8a-d and 9a-g, were synthesized and used as chiral catalysts in the addition of diethylzinc to benzaldehyde. The enantioselectivities of the resulting 1-phenyl-1-propanol were obtained in each case, and these ee values were, in most cases, related to the conformational populations of the free ligand as expressed by the calculated differences in the energies of the ligand conformations formed by inversion at nitrogen. This suggested the possible existence of a linear free energy relationship. The effect on enantioselectivity of the carbon chain length of the R group located (1) on the C-3 substituent of 4a-d, 6a-d, and 7a-d or (2) at C-5 in 8a-d and 9a-g was studied in detail. On the basis of the correlations observed and the ligands' structural characterization, a structure was proposed for the transition state during ethyl group transfer when using ligands 8a-d. Furthermore, the change in enantioselectivity was successfully predicted when diastereomeric ligands 11 and 12 were compared in this chiral addition. PMID:15624931

  9. Spectral and structural studies of copper(II) complexes of thiosemicarbazones derived from salicylaldehyde and containing ring incorporated at N(4)-position

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Latheef, Leji; Kurup, Maliyeckal R. Prathapachandra

    2008-06-01

    Mononuclear and binuclear copper(II) complexes ( 1- 8) with two ONS donor thiosemicarbazone ligands {salicylaldehyde 3-hexamethyleneiminyl thiosemicarbazone [H 2L 1] and salicylaldehyde 3-tetramethyleneiminyl thiosemicarbazone [H 2L 2]} have been prepared and physico-chemically characterized. IR, electronic and EPR spectra of the complexes have been obtained. The thiosemicarbazones bind to metal as dianionic ONS donor ligands in all the complexes except in [Cu(HL 1) 2] ( 2) and [Cu(HL 2) 2] ( 6). In compounds 2 and 6 the ligands are coordinated as monoanionic HL - ones. The magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that all the complexes are paramagnetic. In complex [(CuL 1) 2] ( 1), the magnetic moment value is lower than the expected spin only value. In all the complexes g|| > g? > 2.0023 and G values within the range 2.5-3.5 are consistent with d ground state. The complexes were given the formula as [(CuL 1) 2] ( 1); [Cu(HL 1) 2] ( 2); [CuL 1bpy] ( 3); [CuL 1phen] ( 4); [CuL 1?-pic]·2H 2O ( 5); [Cu(HL 2) 2] ( 6); [CuL 2py]·3H 2O ( 7); [CuL 2bipy] ( 8). The structure of the compound 8 have been solved by single crystal X-ray crystallography and was found to be distorted square pyramid around copper(II) ion.

  10. Unusual coordination mode of thiosemicarbazone ligands. A search for the origin.

    PubMed

    Basuli, F; Peng, S M; Bhattacharya, S

    2000-03-20

    Twelve mixed-ligand thiosemicarbazone complexes of ruthenium and osmium, ten of general formula [M(bpy)2(bztsc-R)]ClO4, (M = Ru, Os; bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine, Hbztsc-R = benzaldehyde thiosemicacbazone) and two of type [M(bpy)2(actsc)]ClO4 (Hactsc = acetonethiosemicarbazone), have been synthesized and characterized. All the complexes are diamagnetic (low-spin d6, S = 0) and in acetonitrile solution show several intense metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) transitions in the visible region. Structures of Hbztsc-OMe, [Ru(bpy)2(bztsc-NO2)]ClO4 and [Ru(bpy)2(actsc)]ClO4 have been determined by X-ray crystallography. Benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone exists in the thione form with the phenyl group trans to the hydrazinic nitrogen. The benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone ligand coordinates to the metals through the hydrazinic nitrogen and sulfur with a bite angle of approximately 67 degrees, forming a four-membered chelate ring. However, the actsc ligand coordinates through the imine nitrogen and sulfur, forming a five-membered chelate ring with a bite angle of approximately 81 degrees. The difference in coordination modes of two types of thiosemicarbazone ligands, viz., bztsc-R and actsc, appears to result from the difference in steric bulk of the aryl and methyl group trans to the hydrazinic nitrogen. In acetronitrile solution they all show a reversible metal(II)-metal(III) oxidation in the range 0.18-0.58 V vs SCE followed by an irreversible oxidation in the range 1.11-1.60 V vs SCE. Two successive one-electron reductions of the coordinated bipyridine are also observed in the range -1.53 to -1.96 V vs SCE. PMID:12526400

  11. The Kinetic Behavior of Benzaldehyde under Hydrothermal Conditions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fecteau, K.; Gould, I.; Hartnett, H. E.; Williams, L. B.; Shock, E.

    2013-12-01

    Aldehydes represent an intermediate redox state between alcohols and carboxylic acids and are likely intermediates in the transformation of organic compounds in natural systems. We have conducted kinetic studies of a model aldehyde, benzaldehyde, in high-temperature water (250-350 °C, saturation pressure) in clear fused quartz (CFQ) autoclaves. Under these conditions, benzaldehyde is observed to undergo a disproportionation reaction to benzyl alcohol and benzoic acid reminiscent of the base-catalyzed Cannizzaro reaction known to occur at cooler temperatures. Benzene is also produced via decarbonylation of the aldehyde. We have obtained pseudo second-order rate constants for the decomposition of benzaldehyde at 250, 300, and 350 °C. Rates derived via repeated heating phases and subsequent quantitative 13C-NMR spectroscopy of a single NMR-compatible CFQ tube containing isotopically labeled benzaldehyde are consistent with those obtained by analysis of product suites from individual timed experiments via gas chromatography. Arrhenius parameters for these rate constants are consistent with published values for the reaction under supercritical conditions from one study (Tsao et al. 1992) yet the pre-exponential factor is approximately 7 orders of magnitude smaller than that derived from another study (Ikushima et al. 2001). Moreover, fitting our rate constants with the Eyring equation yields an entropy of activation (?S‡) of -26.6 kcal mol-1 K-1, which is consistent for a bimolecular transition state at the rate-limiting step. In contrast, the rates of Ikushima et al. yield a positive value of ?S‡, which is inconsistent with the putative mechanism for the reaction. The linear Arrhenius behavior of the decomposition of benzaldehyde from high-temperature liquid to supercritical conditions demonstrates the potential for extrapolating experimentally derived rates of reactions for organic functional group transformations to conditions where diagenesis, alteration, metamorphism, and other hydrothermal processes of interest occur in natural systems. References Ikushima, Y., K. Hatakeda, O. Sato, T. Yokoyama, and M. Arai. 2001. Structure and base catalysis of supercritical water in the noncatalytic benzaldehyde disproportionation using water at high temperatures and pressures. Angewandte Chemie, 40, 210-213. Tsao, C.C., Y. Zhou, X. Liu, and T.J. Houser. 1992. Reactions of supercritical water with benzaldehyde, benzylidenebenzylamine, benzyl alcohol, and benzoic acid. The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 5, 107-113.

  12. Bonding trends of thiosemicarbazones in mononuclear and dinuclear copper(I) complexes: syntheses, structures, and theoretical aspects.

    PubMed

    Lobana, Tarlok S; Rekha, Rekha; Butcher, R J; Castineiras, A; Bermejo, E; Bharatam, Prasad V

    2006-02-20

    Reactions of copper(I) halides with a series of thiosemicarbazone ligands (Htsc) in the presence of triphenylphosphine (Ph(3)P) in acetonitrile have yielded three types of complexes: (i) monomers, [CuX(eta1-S-Htsc)(Ph3P)2] [X, Htsc = I (1), Br (2), benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (Hbtsc); I (5), Br (6), Cl (7), pyridine-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (Hpytsc)], (ii) halogen-bridged dimers, [Cu2(mu2-X)2(eta1-S-Htsc)2(Ph3P)2] [X, Htsc = Br (3), Hbtsc; I (8), furan-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (Hftsc); I (11), thiophene-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (Httsc)], and (iii) sulfur-bridged dimers, [Cu2X2(mu2-S-Htsc)2(Ph3P)2] [X, Htsc = Cl (4), Hbtsc; Br (9), Cl (10), pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (Hptsc); Br (12), Httsc]. All of these complexes have been characterized with the help of elemental analysis, IR, 1H, 13C, or 31P NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography (1-12). In all of the complexes, thiosemicarbazones are acting as neutral S-donor ligands in eta()S or mu2-S bonding modes. The Cu...Cu separations in the Cu(mu2-X)2Cu and Cu(mu2-S)2Cu cores lie in the ranges 2.981(1)-3.2247(6) and 2.813(1)-3.2329(8) Angstroms, respectively. The geometry around each Cu center in monomers and dimers may be treated as distorted tetrahedral. Ab initio density functional theory calculations on model monomeric and dimeric complexes of the simplest thiosemicarbazone [H2C=N-NH-C(S)-NH2, Htsc] have revealed that monomers and halogen-bridged dimers have similar stability and that sulfur-bridged dimers are stable only when halogen atoms are engaged in hydrogen bonding with the solvent of crystallization or H2O molecules. PMID:16471964

  13. NMR spectral and structural studies on some xanthenones and their thiosemicarbazone derivatives: Crystal and molecular structure of 12-(2-chlorophenyl)-8,9,10,12-tetrahydrobenzo[a]xanthen-11-one

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sethukumar, A.; Vithya, V.; Udhaya Kumar, C.; Arul Prakasam, B.

    2012-01-01

    A series of 12-aryl-8,9,10,12-tetrahydrobenzo[a]xanthen-11-ones [ 1a- 9a] were prepared employing a three component one-pot reaction of aryl aldehyde, 2-naphthol and 1,3-cyclohexanedione using BF 3·OEt 2 as catalyst. Thiosemicarbazone derivatives [ 1b- 5b] were also prepared in the presence of acid catalyst. All the synthesized compounds have been characterized by IR and NMR. The structure of 5b was confirmed by HSQC spectral analysis. Single crystal X-ray structural analysis of 12-(2-chlorophenyl)-8,9,10,12-tetrahydrobenzo[a]xanthen-11-one evidences the envelope and flattened-boat conformations of cyclohexenone and pyran rings respectively.

  14. Synthesis, spectral characterization and biological evaluation of copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes with thiosemicarbazones derived from a bidentate Schiff base

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Sulekh; Bargujar, Savita; Nirwal, Rita; Yadav, Neesha

    2013-04-01

    Complexes of copper(II) and nickel(II) of general composition M(L)2X2, have been synthesized with the ligand 1-Tetralone thiosemicarbazone (where L = 1-Tetralone thiosemicarbazone and X=Cl,1/2SO42-). The molar conductance of the complexes in fresh solution of DMSO lies in the range of 10-20 ?-1 cm2 mol-1 indicating their non-electrolytic behavior. Thus, the complexes may be formulated as [M(L2)X2]. Ligand was characterized by mass, NMR, IR and single crystallographic studies. All the complexes were characterized by elemental analyses, magnetic moments, IR, electronic and EPR spectral studies. The IR spectral data of ligand indicated the involvement of sulfur and azomethine nitrogen in coordination to the central metal ion. The copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes were found to have magnetic moments1.93-1.96 BM and 2.91-2.94 BM corresponding to one and two unpaired electrons respectively. On the basis of molar conductance, EPR, electronic and infrared spectral studies, a tetragonal geometry has been assigned for Cu(II) chloride complex and trigonal bipyramidal to Cu(II) sulfate complex but an octahedral geometry for Ni(II) complexes. Newly synthesized ligand and its Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes have also been screened against different bacterial and fungal species.

  15. Discovery of potent thiosemicarbazone inhibitors of rhodesain and cruzain.

    PubMed

    Fujii, Naoaki; Mallari, Jeremy P; Hansell, Elizabeth J; Mackey, Z; Doyle, Patricia; Zhou, Y M; Gut, Jiri; Rosenthal, Philip J; McKerrow, James H; Guy, R Kiplin

    2005-01-01

    Herein we report the synthesis and evaluation of a series of thiosemicarbazones as potential inhibitors of cysteine proteases relevant to parasitic diseases. Derivatives of thiosemicarbazone 1 were discovered to be potent inhibitors of cruzain and rhodesain, crucial proteases in the life cycles of Trypanosoma cruzi and T. brucei rhodesiense, the organisms causing Chagas' disease and sleeping sickness. However, the entire series had only modest potency against falcipain-2, an essential protease for Plasmodium falciparum, the organism causing malaria. Among the active inhibitors, several potently inhibited proliferation of cultures of T. brucei. However, only modest activity was observed in inhibition of proliferation of T. cruzi or P. falciparum. PMID:15582423

  16. 4-(Dimethyl­amino)benzaldehyde 4-ethyl­thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Salhin, Abdussalam; Razak, Norfarhah Abdul; Rahman, I. A.

    2008-01-01

    The title thio­semicarbazone derivative, C12H18N4S, features intra­molecular N—H?N and C—H?S hydrogen bonds which generate S(5) ring motifs. The dihedral angle between the benzene ring and the thio­urea unit is 6.30?(6)° indicating planarity in the mol­ecule. Inter­molecular N—H?S hydrogen bonds generate dimers with an R 2 2(8) ring motif. The methyl group of the N-ethyl residue is disordered and was refined with site occupancies of 0.521?(5) and 0.479?(5). PMID:21581327

  17. Synthesis and spectroscopic properties of copper(II) complexes derived from thiophene-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone. Structure and biological activity of [Cu(C6H6N3S2)2].

    PubMed

    García-Tojal, J; García-Orad, A; Serra, J L; Pizarro, J L; Lezama, L; Arriortua, M I; Rojo, T

    1999-05-30

    The synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties on complexes with the formula [Cu(Lm)2] (1) and Cu(NO3)2(HLm)2 (2), where HLm = thiophene-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone, have been developed. The molecular structure of compound 1 consists of monomeric entities. The copper(II) ions exhibit distorted square-planar geometry with both bidentate thiosemicarbazone ligands placed in a centrosymmetric way. Metal to ligand pi-backdonation is proposed to explain several structural and spectroscopic features in these complexes. The EPR spectra of compound 1 show an orthorhombic g tensor indicating the presence of weak magnetic exchange interactions. The reaction of compound 1 with glutathione causes the reduction of the metal ion and the substitution of the thiosemicarbazone ligand by the thiol ligand. This mechanism seems to be related to the cytotoxicity of this complex against Friend Erithroleukemia cells (FLC) and melanome B16F10 cells. PMID:10402676

  18. Synthesis and spectral characterization of mono- and binuclear copper(II) complexes derived from 2-benzoylpyridine-N?-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone: crystal structure of a novel sulfur bridged copper(II) box-dimer.

    PubMed

    Jayakumar, K; Sithambaresan, M; Aiswarya, N; Kurup, M R Prathapachandra

    2015-03-15

    Mononuclear and binuclear copper(II) complexes of 2-benzoylpyridine-N(4)-methyl thiosemicarbazone (HL) were prepared and characterized by a variety of spectroscopic techniques. Structural evidence for the novel sulfur bridged copper(II) iodo binuclear complex is obtained by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The complex [Cu2L2I2], a non-centrosymmetric box dimer, crystallizes in monoclinic C2/c space group and it was found to have distorted square pyramidal geometry (Addison parameter, ?=0.238) with the square basal plane occupied by the thiosemicarbazone moiety and iodine atom whereas the sulfur atom from the other coordinated thiosemicarbazone moiety occupies the apical position. This is the first crystallographically studied system having non-centrosymmetrical entities bridged via thiolate S atoms with Cu(II)I bond. The tridentate thiosemicarbazone coordinates in mono deprotonated thionic tautomeric form in all complexes except in sulfato complex, [Cu(HL)(SO4)]·H2O (1) where it binds to the metal centre in neutral form. The magnetic moment values and the EPR spectral studies reflect the binuclearity of some of the complexes. The spin Hamiltonian and bonding parameters are calculated based on EPR studies. In all the complexes g||>g?>2.0023 and the g values in frozen DMF are consistent with the d(x2-y2) ground state. The thermal stabilities of some of the complexes were also determined. PMID:25546494

  19. Synthesis and spectral characterization of mono- and binuclear copper(II) complexes derived from 2-benzoylpyridine-N4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone: Crystal structure of a novel sulfur bridged copper(II) box-dimer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jayakumar, K.; Sithambaresan, M.; Aiswarya, N.; Kurup, M. R. Prathapachandra

    2015-03-01

    Mononuclear and binuclear copper(II) complexes of 2-benzoylpyridine-N4-methyl thiosemicarbazone (HL) were prepared and characterized by a variety of spectroscopic techniques. Structural evidence for the novel sulfur bridged copper(II) iodo binuclear complex is obtained by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The complex [Cu2L2I2], a non-centrosymmetric box dimer, crystallizes in monoclinic C2/c space group and it was found to have distorted square pyramidal geometry (Addison parameter, ? = 0.238) with the square basal plane occupied by the thiosemicarbazone moiety and iodine atom whereas the sulfur atom from the other coordinated thiosemicarbazone moiety occupies the apical position. This is the first crystallographically studied system having non-centrosymmetrical entities bridged via thiolate S atoms with Cu(II)sbnd I bond. The tridentate thiosemicarbazone coordinates in mono deprotonated thionic tautomeric form in all complexes except in sulfato complex, [Cu(HL)(SO4)]·H2O (1) where it binds to the metal centre in neutral form. The magnetic moment values and the EPR spectral studies reflect the binuclearity of some of the complexes. The spin Hamiltonian and bonding parameters are calculated based on EPR studies. In all the complexes g|| > g? > 2.0023 and the g values in frozen DMF are consistent with the dx2-y2 ground state. The thermal stabilities of some of the complexes were also determined.

  20. 4-Hy­droxy-3-meth­oxy­benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    de Oliveira, Adriano Bof; Feitosa, Bárbara Regina Santos; Näther, Christian; Jess, Inke

    2013-01-01

    In the title compound, C9H11N3S, there is an intra­molecular O—H?O hydrogen bond involving the OH group and the adjacent methoxy O atom. The mol­ecule is essentially planar, with the maximum deviation from the mean plane of the non-H atoms being 0.1127?(14)?Å for the methyl C atom. In the crystal, mol­ecules are connected via centrosymmetric pairs of N—H?S and O—H?O hydrogen bonds into a two-dimensional network parallel to (10-3). PMID:24454272

  1. (E)-2-Hydr­oxy-3-methoxy­benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Ren-Gao; Zhang, Wei; Li, Ji-Kun; Zhang, Li-Ya

    2008-01-01

    In the title compound, C9H11N3O2S, intra­molecular O—H?O and N—H?N hydrogen bonds contribute to the planarity of the mol­ecular skeleton. Inter­molecular N—H?O hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into zigzag chains along the b axis; these mol­ecules are futher paired by ?–? inter­actions [centroid–centroid distance 4.495?(5)?Å]. The crystal structure also exhibits weak inter­molecular N—H?S and O—H?S hydrogen bonds. PMID:21202624

  2. 5-Hy­droxy-2-nitro­benzaldehyde thio­semicarbazone (HNBATSC)

    PubMed Central

    Reddy, M. Sivasankar; Sarala, Y.; Jagadeesh, M.; Das, Samar K.; Ammireddy, Varada Reddy

    2014-01-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, C8H8N4O3S, consists of two independent mol­ecules. Each mol­ecule is approximately planar with dihedral angles of 8.71?(3) and 1.50?(2)° between the aromatic ring and the thio­semicarbazide moiety while the NO2 group makes dihedral angles of 29.27?(3) and 17.78?(3)° with the benzene ring. In the crystal, the molecules are linked by N—H?S, O—H?O and N—H?O hydrogen bonds, forming two-dimensional networks parallel to (100). PMID:25249898

  3. Synthesis, characterisation and cytotoxic properties of the N1,N4-diarylidene-S-methyl-thiosemicarbazone chelates with Fe(III) and Ni(II).

    PubMed

    Bal, Tülay; Atasever, Belkis; Solako?lu, Zeynep; Erdem-Kuruca, Serap; Ulküseven, Bahri

    2007-02-01

    Reactions of 2-hydroxy-3-methoxy, 2-hydroxy-4-methoxy-benzaldehyde with 3- and 4-methoxy-substituted salicylaldehyde S-methyl-thiosemicarbazones in the presence of FeCl(3) and NiCl(2) resulted in the corresponding methoxy-substituted N(1),N(4)-diarylidene-S-methyl-thiosemicarbazone chelates. Characterisation of the compounds in the [Fe(L)Cl] and [Ni(L)] general formula was accomplished by means of elemental analysis, conductivity and magnetic measurements, (1)H NMR, UV-vis, IR and mass spectroscopy. Cytotoxicity and proliferation experiments using K562 chronic myeloid leukemia cell line and ECV 304 human endothelial cell line imply that the iron(III) chelates may have anti-leukemic effects with 3.5 microg/dl LD(50) dose. PMID:17070966

  4. ESR, electrochemical and reactivity studies of antitrypanosomal palladium thiosemicarbazone complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Otero, Lucía; Folch, Christian; Barriga, Germán; Rigol, Carolina; Opazo, Lucia; Vieites, Marisol; Gambino, Dinorah; Cerecetto, Hugo; Norambuena, Ester; Olea-Azar, Claudio

    2008-08-01

    Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electron spin resonance (ESR) techniques were used in the investigation of novel palladium complexes with bioactive thiosemicarbazones derived from 5-nitrofurane or 5-nitrofurylacroleine. Sixteen palladium complexes grouped in two series of the formula [PdCl 2HL] or [PdL 2] were studied. ESR spectra of the free radicals obtained by electrolytic reduction were characterized and analyzed. The ESR spectra showed two different hyperfine patterns. The stoichiometry of the complexes does not seem to affect significantly the hyperfine constants however we observed great differences between 5-nitrofurane and 5-nitrofurylacroleine derivatives. The scavenger properties of this family of compounds were lower than Trolox.

  5. Novel thiazolidine-2,4-dione-4-thiosemicarbazone and 4-[(3,4-diaryl-3H-thiazol-2-yl)azo]thiazolidin-2-one derivatives: synthesis and evaluation for antimicrobial and anticancer properties.

    PubMed

    Mohsen, A; Omar, M E; Salama, H M; Eshba, N H

    1985-01-01

    Two novel series of 3-benzylthiazolidine-2,4-dione-4-thiosemicarbazones (V - IX) and 3-benzyl-4-[(3,4-diaryl-3H-thiazol-2-yl)azo]thiazolidin-2-on es (X - XXII) were synthesized as potential antimicrobial and anticancer agents. The products were found to be inactive against a variety of microorganisms and the preliminary antileukemic evaluation of some representative compounds against P 388 lymphocytic leukemia indicated insignificant activity. PMID:3884369

  6. Synthesis and antihyperglycemic activity of 2-(substituted phenyl)-3-{[4-(1-naphthyl)-1,3-thiazol-2-yl] amino}-4-oxo-1,3-thiazolidin-5-ylacetic acid derivatives.

    PubMed

    Imran, Mohammad; Yar, Mohammad Shahar; Khan, Suroor Ahmad

    2009-01-01

    The title compounds were prepared by brominating 1-acetylnaphthalene in chloroform followed by condensation with substituted benzaldehyde thiosemicarbazones using ethanol to get 4-naphthalen-1-yl-2-{2-[(substituted phenyl)methylidene]hydrazino}-1,3-thiazoles. These thiazole derivatives were then cyclized to title compounds by reacting with thiomalic acid in dioxane using ZnCl2. All the synthesized compounds were characterized on the basis of their IR, 1H NMR, and elemental analysis. The antihyperglycemic study was divided into two phases. Phase-I involved evaluation of blood glucose lowering ability of thiazolidinones in normal rats by sucrose-loaded model (SLM). Phase-II study included the evaluation of blood sugar by alloxan model. PMID:19226969

  7. Involvement of snapdragon benzaldehyde dehydrogenase in benzoic acid biosynthesis.

    PubMed

    Long, Michael C; Nagegowda, Dinesh A; Kaminaga, Yasuhisa; Ho, Kwok Ki; Kish, Christine M; Schnepp, Jennifer; Sherman, Debra; Weiner, Henry; Rhodes, David; Dudareva, Natalia

    2009-07-01

    Benzoic acid (BA) is an important building block in a wide spectrum of compounds varying from primary metabolites to secondary products. Benzoic acid biosynthesis from L-phenylalanine requires shortening of the propyl side chain by two carbons, which can occur via a beta-oxidative pathway or a non-beta-oxidative pathway, with benzaldehyde as a key intermediate. The non-beta-oxidative route requires benzaldehyde dehydrogenase (BALDH) to convert benzaldehyde to BA. Using a functional genomic approach, we identified an Antirrhinum majus (snapdragon) BALDH, which exhibits 40% identity to bacterial BALDH. Transcript profiling, biochemical characterization of the purified recombinant protein, molecular homology modeling, in vivo stable isotope labeling, and transient expression in petunia flowers reveal that BALDH is capable of oxidizing benzaldehyde to BA in vivo. GFP localization and immunogold labeling studies show that this biochemical step occurs in the mitochondria, raising a question about the role of subcellular compartmentalization in BA biosynthesis. PMID:19292760

  8. Synthesis, spectroscopic studies and crystal structure of ( E)-2-(2,4-dihydroxybenzylidene)thiosemicarbazone and ( E)-2-[(1 H-indol-3-yl)methylene]thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Y?ld?z, Mustafa; Ünver, Hüseyin; Erdener, Di?dem; Kiraz, A?k?n; ?skeleli, Nazan Ocak

    2009-02-01

    Thiosemicarbazone Schiff bases ( 1 and 2) derived from 2,4-dihydroxybenzaldehyde, indoline-3-carbaldehyde and thiosemicarbazone have been synthesized and their structures were elucidated by elemental analysis, FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and UV-visible spectroscopic techniques. The structures of compounds 1 and 2 have also been examined cyrstallographically. The title compounds 1 and 2 crystallize in the monoclinic space group C2/ c and triclinic space group P1¯, with unit cell parameters: a = 21.421(1) and 7.233(1), b = 4.131(1) and 11.166(1), c = 24.942(2) and 13.648(1) Å, V = 1856.1(2) and 1019.5(1) Å 3, D x = 1.512 and 1.422 g cm -3 and Z = 8 and 4, respectively.

  9. 4-(Diphenyl­amino)­benzaldehyde 4-phenyl­thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Mendoza-Meroño, Rafael; Menéndez-Taboada, Laura; García-Granda, Santiago

    2012-01-01

    The title mol­ecule, C26H22N4S, is composed of three main parts, viz. a triphenyl­amine group is connected to a phenyl ring by a thio­semicarbazone moiety. The C= N double bond has an E conformation. The crystal packing is dominated by strong hydrogen bonds through the thio­semicarbazone moiety, with pairs of N—H?S hydrogen bonds linking the mol­ecules to form inversion dimers with an R 2 2(8) ring motif. An intra­molecular N—H?N hydrogen bond is also present, generating an S(5) ring motif. Although the structure contains four phenyl rings, ?–? stacking inter­actions are not formed between them, probably due to the conformation adopted by the triphenyl­amine group. However, a weak ?–? stacking inter­action is observed between the phenyl ring and the delocalized thio­semicarbazone moiety. PMID:22904859

  10. Antibacterial activity of metal complexes of benzil and benzoin thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Offiong, O E; Martelli, S

    1994-01-01

    The metal (II) complexes of benzyl and benzoin thiosemicarbazones have been synthesized and characterized. They were studied for their antibacterial, antifungal and amoebicidal activity in vitro and for their toxicity in vivo. The ligands and their metal complexes exhibited low antibacterial and amoebicidal activity. The metal chelates of benzoin thiosemicarbazone seem to be the most active compounds. PMID:7945719

  11. Investigation of vibrational theory of olfaction with variously labelled benzaldehydes

    E-print Network

    MacKay, David J.C.

    vibrational bands for the perception of bitter almond aroma lies in the 3000 to 2500 cmÀ1 frequency range-labelled benzaldehyde; Bitter almond aroma; Vibrational theory of olfaction; Infrared and sensory analysis 1 illustrated by the presence of a common aroma in molecules having widely diering shapes. The bitter almond

  12. Investigation of the salicylaldehyde thiosemicarbazone scaffold for inhibition of influenza virus PA endonuclease.

    PubMed

    Rogolino, Dominga; Bacchi, Alessia; De Luca, Laura; Rispoli, Gabriele; Sechi, Mario; Stevaert, Annelies; Naesens, Lieve; Carcelli, Mauro

    2015-10-01

    The influenza virus PA endonuclease is an attractive target for the development of novel anti-influenza virus therapeutics, which are urgently needed because of the emergence of drug-resistant viral strains. Reported PA inhibitors are assumed to chelate the divalent metal ion(s) (Mg(2+) or Mn(2+)) in the enzyme's catalytic site, which is located in the N-terminal part of PA (PA-Nter). In the present work, a series of salicylaldehyde thiosemicarbazone derivatives have been synthesized and evaluated for their ability to inhibit the PA-Nter catalytic activity. Compounds 1-6 have been evaluated against influenza virus, both in enzymatic assays with influenza virus PA-Nter and in virus yield assays in MDCK cells. In order to establish a structure-activity relationship, the hydrazone analogue of the most active thiosemicarbazone has also been evaluated. Since chelation may represent a mode of action of such class of molecules, we studied the interaction of two of them, one with and one without biological activity versus the PA enzyme, towards Mg(2+), the ion that is probably involved in the endonuclease activity of the heterotrimeric influenza polymerase complex. The crystal structure of the magnesium complex of the o-vanillin thiosemicarbazone ligand 1 is also described. Moreover, docking studies of PA endonuclease with compounds 1 and 2 were performed, to further analyse the possible mechanism of action of this class of inhibitors. PMID:26323352

  13. Cytotoxic activities of new iron(III) and nickel(II) chelates of some S-methyl-thiosemicarbazones on K562 and ECV304 cells.

    PubMed

    Atasever, Belkis; Ulküseven, Bahri; Bal-Demirci, Tülay; Erdem-Kuruca, Serap; Solako?lu, Zeynep

    2010-08-01

    The S-methyl-thiosemicarbazones of the 2-hydroxy-R-benzaldehyde (R = H, 3-OH 3-OCH(3) or 4-OCH(3)) reacted with the corresponding aldehydes in the presence of FeCl(3) and NiCl(2). New ONNO chelates of iron(III) and nickel(II) with hydroxy- or methoxy-substituted N(1),N(4)-diarylidene-S-methyl-thiosemicarbazones were characterized by means of elemental analysis, conductivity and magnetic measurements, UV-Vis, IR and (1)H-NMR spectroscopies. Cytotoxic activities of the compounds were determined using K562 chronic myeloid leukemia and ECV304 human endothelial cell lines by MTT assay. It was determined that monochloro N(1)-4-methoxysalicylidene-N(4)-4-methoxysalicylidene-S-methyl-thiosemicarbazidato-iron(III) complex showed selective anti-leukemic effects in K562 cells while has no effect in ECV304 cells in the 0.53 microg/ml (IC(50)) concentrations. Also, some methoxy-substituted nickel(II) chelates exhibit high cytotoxic activity against both of these cell lines in low concentrations. Cytotoxicity data were evaluated depending on cell lines origin and position of the substituents on aromatic rings. PMID:19495562

  14. Biomass pyrolysis: Thermal decomposition mechanisms of furfural and benzaldehyde

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vasiliou, AnGayle K.; Kim, Jong Hyun; Ormond, Thomas K.; Piech, Krzysztof M.; Urness, Kimberly N.; Scheer, Adam M.; Robichaud, David J.; Mukarakate, Calvin; Nimlos, Mark R.; Daily, John W.; Guan, Qi; Carstensen, Hans-Heinrich; Ellison, G. Barney

    2013-09-01

    The thermal decompositions of furfural and benzaldehyde have been studied in a heated microtubular flow reactor. The pyrolysis experiments were carried out by passing a dilute mixture of the aromatic aldehydes (roughly 0.1%-1%) entrained in a stream of buffer gas (either He or Ar) through a pulsed, heated SiC reactor that is 2-3 cm long and 1 mm in diameter. Typical pressures in the reactor are 75-150 Torr with the SiC tube wall temperature in the range of 1200-1800 K. Characteristic residence times in the reactor are 100-200 ?sec after which the gas mixture emerges as a skimmed molecular beam at a pressure of approximately 10 ?Torr. Products were detected using matrix infrared absorption spectroscopy, 118.2 nm (10.487 eV) photoionization mass spectroscopy and resonance enhanced multiphoton ionization. The initial steps in the thermal decomposition of furfural and benzaldehyde have been identified. Furfural undergoes unimolecular decomposition to furan + CO: C4H3O-CHO (+ M) ? CO + C4H4O. Sequential decomposition of furan leads to the production of HC?CH, CH2CO, CH3C?CH, CO, HCCCH2, and H atoms. In contrast, benzaldehyde resists decomposition until higher temperatures when it fragments to phenyl radical plus H atoms and CO: C6H5CHO (+ M) ? C6H5CO + H ? C6H5 + CO + H. The H atoms trigger a chain reaction by attacking C6H5CHO: H + C6H5CHO ? [C6H6CHO]* ? C6H6 + CO + H. The net result is the decomposition of benzaldehyde to produce benzene and CO.

  15. Photocatalytic oxidation of toluene to benzaldehyde by molecular oxygen

    SciTech Connect

    Mao, Y.; Bakac, A.

    1996-03-07

    The visible light irradiation of aqueous solutions containing toluene, uranyl(VI) ions, and O{sub 2} results in the formation of benzaldehyde as a major product. Small amounts of PhCH{sub 2}OH are also formed. The yields of benzaldehyde are 3 times greater for toluene-h{sub 8} than for toluene-d{sub 8}, but the kinetic isotope effect for the quenching of the excited state {sup *}UO{sub 2}{sup 2+} by toluene is negligible (k{sub toluene-h(8)}/k{sub toluene-d(8)}=1.2). This and other evidence indicate that the quenching takes place in two parallel pathways. The major one involves the aromatic portion of tolune and leads to the recovery of the reactants. The minor, productive path takes place by hydrogen atom abstraction from the methyl group, followed by the oxidation of PhCH{sub 2}{sup {center_dot}}. Cumene, benzyl alcohol, and benzaldehyde react similarly. 31 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.

  16. [Synthesis and biological activity of 1,4-benzoquinone-guanylhydrazone-thiosemicarbazone analogs. 1. Substitution at the S atom].

    PubMed

    Schulze, W; Gutsche, W; Wohlrabe, K; Fleck, W; Tresselt, D

    1985-08-01

    The synthesis of S-substituted derivatives of 1,4-benzoquinone-guanylhydrazone-thiosemicarbazone is described. The obtained 1,4-benzoquinone-guanylhydrazone-S-alkyl (resp. aralkyl)-isothiosemicarbazones, in comparison with the unsubstituted standard compound, showed a significantly decreased biological activity against the murine leukemias L 1210 and P 388 as well as against the growth of several kinds of bacteria. Therefore the S-substitution seems not to be useful for reaching a maximum activity. PMID:4080797

  17. Benzaldehyde Schiff bases regulation to the metabolism, hemolysis, and virulence genes expression in vitro and their structure-microbicidal activity relationship.

    PubMed

    Xia, Lei; Xia, Yu-Fen; Huang, Li-Rong; Xiao, Xiao; Lou, Hua-Yong; Liu, Tang-Jingjun; Pan, Wei-Dong; Luo, Heng

    2015-06-01

    There is an urgent need to develop new antibacterial agents because of multidrug resistance by bacteria and fungi. Schiff bases (aldehyde or ketone-like compounds) exhibit intense antibacterial characteristics, and are therefore, promising candidates as antibacterial agents. To investigate the mechanism of action of newly designed benzaldehyde Schiff bases, a series of high-yielding benzaldehyde Schiff bases were synthesized, and their structures were determined by NMR and MS spectra data. The structure-microbicidal activity relationship of derivatives was investigated, and the antibacterial mechanisms were investigated by gene assays for the expression of functional genes in vitro using Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Bacillus subtilis. The active compounds were selective for certain active groups. The polar substitution of the R2 group of the amino acids in the Schiff bases, affected the antibacterial activity against E. coli and S. aureus; specific active group at the R3 or R4 groups of the acylhydrazone Schiff bases could improve their inhibitory activity against these three tested organisms. The antibacterial mechanism of the active benzaldehyde Schiff bases appeared to regulate the expression of metabolism-associated genes in E. coli, hemolysis-associated genes in B. subtilis, and key virulence genes in S. aureus. Some benzaldehyde Schiff bases were bactericidal to all the three strains and appeared to regulate gene expression associated with metabolism, hemolysis, and virulence, in vitro. The newly designed benzaldehyde Schiff bases possessed unique antibacterial activity and might be potentially useful for prophylactic or therapeutic intervention of bacterial infections. PMID:25982329

  18. Nickel(ii) radical complexes of thiosemicarbazone ligands appended by salicylidene, aminophenol and aminothiophenol moieties.

    PubMed

    Kochem, Amélie; Gellon, Gisèle; Jarjayes, Olivier; Philouze, Christian; du Moulinet d'Hardemare, Amaury; van Gastel, Maurice; Thomas, Fabrice

    2015-07-28

    The nickel(ii) complexes of three unsymmetrical thiosemicarbazone-based ligands featuring a sterically hindered salicylidene (1), aminophenol (2) or thiophenol (3) moiety were synthesized and structurally characterized. The metal ion lies in an almost square planar geometry in all the complexes. The cyclic voltammetry (CV) curve of 1 shows an irreversible oxidation wave at E = 0.49 V, which is assigned to the phenoxyl/phenolate redox couple. The CV curves of 2 and 3 display a reversible one-electron oxidation wave (E1/2 = 0.26 and 0.22 V vs. Fc(+)/Fc, respectively) and an one-electron reduction wave (E1/2 = -1.55 and -1.46 V, respectively). The cations 2(+) and 3(+) as well as the anions 2(-) and 3(-) were generated. The EPR spectra of the cations in THF show a rhombic signal at g1 = 2.034, g2 = 2.010 and g3 = 1.992 (2(+)) and g1 = 2.069, g2 = 2.018, g3 = 1.986 (3(+)) that is consistent with a main radical character of the complexes. The difference in anisotropy is assigned to the different nature of the radical, iminosemiquinonate vs. iminothiosemiquinonate. The anions display an isotropic EPR signal at giso = 2.003 (2(+)) and 2.006 (3(+)), which is indicative of a main ?-diimine radical character of the compounds. Both the anions and cations exhibit charge transfer transitions of low to moderate intensity in their visible spectrum. Quantum chemical calculations (B3LYP) reproduce both the g-values and Vis-NIR spectra of the complexes. The radical anions readily react with dioxygen to give the radical cations. 2(+) catalyzes the aerobic oxidation of benzyl alcohol into benzaldehyde. PMID:26086684

  19. A novel series of thiosemicarbazone drugs: from synthesis to structure.

    PubMed

    Ebrahimi, Hossein Pasha; Hadi, Jabbar S; Alsalim, Tahseen A; Ghali, Thaer S; Bolandnazar, Zeinab

    2015-02-25

    A new series of thiosemicarbazones (TSCs) and their 1,3,4-thiadiazolines (TDZs) containing acetamide group have been synthesized from thiosemicarbazide compounds by the reaction of TSCs with cyclic ketones as well as aromatic aldehydes. The structures of newly synthesized 1,3,4-thiadiazole derivatives obtained by heterocyclization of the TSCs with acetic anhydride were experimentally characterized by spectral methods using IR, (1)H NMR, (13)C NMR and mass spectroscopic methods. Furthermore, the structural, thermodynamic, and electronic properties of the studied compounds were also studied theoretically by performing Density Functional Theory (DFT) to access reliable results to the experimental values. The molecular geometry, the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO), the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) and Mulliken atomic charges of the studied compounds have been calculated at the B3LYP method and standard 6-31+G(d,p) basis set starting from optimized geometry. The theoretical (13)C chemical shift results were also calculated using the gauge independent atomic orbital (GIAO) approach and their respective linear correlations were obtained. PMID:25291504

  20. A novel series of thiosemicarbazone drugs: From synthesis to structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ebrahimi, Hossein Pasha; Hadi, Jabbar S.; Alsalim, Tahseen A.; Ghali, Thaer S.; Bolandnazar, Zeinab

    2015-02-01

    A new series of thiosemicarbazones (TSCs) and their 1,3,4-thiadiazolines (TDZs) containing acetamide group have been synthesized from thiosemicarbazide compounds by the reaction of TSCs with cyclic ketones as well as aromatic aldehydes. The structures of newly synthesized 1,3,4-thiadiazole derivatives obtained by heterocyclization of the TSCs with acetic anhydride were experimentally characterized by spectral methods using IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and mass spectroscopic methods. Furthermore, the structural, thermodynamic, and electronic properties of the studied compounds were also studied theoretically by performing Density Functional Theory (DFT) to access reliable results to the experimental values. The molecular geometry, the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO), the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) and Mulliken atomic charges of the studied compounds have been calculated at the B3LYP method and standard 6-31+G(d,p) basis set starting from optimized geometry. The theoretical 13C chemical shift results were also calculated using the gauge independent atomic orbital (GIAO) approach and their respective linear correlations were obtained.

  1. ORIGINAL RESEARCH PAPER Bioproduction of benzaldehyde in a solidliquid two-phase

    E-print Network

    Daugulis, Andrew J.

    The bioproduction of benzaldehyde from benzyl alcohol using Pichia pastoris was examined in a solid­liquid two identified Elvax 40W as an effective sequestering phase, possessing partition coefficients for benzyl alcohol substrates/product/ by-products. Keywords Benzaldehyde Á Benzyl alcohol Á Microbial biotransformation Á

  2. Trypanotoxic activity of thiosemicarbazone iron chelators.

    PubMed

    Ellis, Samuel; Sexton, Darren W; Steverding, Dietmar

    2015-03-01

    Only a few drugs are available for treating sleeping sickness and nagana disease; parasitic infections caused by protozoans of the genus Trypanosoma in sub-Saharan Africa. There is an urgent need for the development of new medicines for chemotherapy of these devastating diseases. In this study, three newly designed thiosemicarbazone iron chelators, TSC24, Dp44mT and 3-AP, were tested for in vitro activity against bloodstream forms of Trypanosoma brucei and human leukaemia HL-60 cells. In addition to their iron chelating properties, TSC24 and Dp44mT inhibit topoisomerase II? while 3-AP inactivates ribonucleotide reductase. All three compounds exhibited anti-trypanosomal activity, with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values ranging between 1 and 100?µM and 50% growth inhibition (GI50) values of around 250?nM. Although the compounds did not kill HL-60 cells (MIC values >100?µM), TSC24 and Dp44mT displayed considerable cytotoxicity based on their GI50 values. Iron supplementation partly reversed the trypanotoxic and cytotoxic activity of TSC24 and Dp44mT but not of 3-AP. This finding suggests possible synergy between the iron chelating and topoisomerase II? inhibiting activity of the compounds. However, further investigation using separate agents, the iron chelator deferoxamine and the topoisomerase II inhibitor epirubicin, did not support any synergy for the interaction of iron chelation and topoisomerase II inhibition. Furthermore, TSC24 was shown to induce DNA degradation in bloodstream forms of T. brucei indicating that the mechanism of trypanotoxic activity of the compound is topoisomerase II independent. In conclusion, the data support further investigation of thiosemicarbazone iron chelators with dual activity as lead compounds for anti-trypanosomal drug development. PMID:25595343

  3. [Substances with antiviral activity. XIII. Synthesis and in vitro activity of thiosemicarbazones of 1-benzoyl- and 1-benzyl-2-chloro-3-formylindoles].

    PubMed

    Cavrini, V; Gatti, R; Giovanninetti, G; Chiarini, A; Franchi, L; Landini, M P

    1980-08-01

    A series of 1-benzoyl- and 1-benzyl-2-chloro-3-formylindole thiosemicarbazones was synthesized and investigated for antiviral activity against vaccinia virus IHD strain and parainfluenza virus type 3, HA-I/CR-8 strain. The results confirmed the previously observed high activity against vaccinia virus of m-substituted benzoyl derivatives. On the contrary, the analogous benzyl derivatives showed marginal activity; the compound (V c), however, was the most active against the parainfluenza virus. PMID:6256213

  4. Synthesis, experimental and theoretical studies on its crystal structure and FT-IR spectrum of new thiosemicarbazone compound E-2-(4-isopropylbenzylidene)thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khalaji, Aliakbar Dehno; Mehrani, Sepideh; Eigner, Vaclav; Dusek, Michal

    2013-09-01

    The title compound E-2-(4-isopropylbenzylidene)thiosemicarbazone (1) derived from the reaction of 4-isopropylbenzaldehyde and thiosemicarbazide in ethanol solution has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, FT-IR and 1H NMR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Its optimized geometry together with the theoretical assignment of the vibrational frequencies of the title compound has been computed by using density functional theory (DFT) method. In the gas phase the four conformers of the title compound were found and it was found that the conformer Sn1 is the most stable one. The title compound crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c with unit cell parameters: a = 14.4054(4), b = 5.6832(10), c = 14.4337(3) Å, ? = 93.306(2)°, V = 1179.70(5) Å3 and Z = 4.

  5. Vanadium Complexes with Hydrazone or Thiosemicarbazone Ligands as Potential Anti-Mycobacterium tuberculosis Agents.

    PubMed

    de Souza, Paula C; Maia, Pedro I S; de Barros, Heloisa B; Leite, Clarice Q F; Deflon, Victor M; Pavan, Fernando R

    2015-01-01

    Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused mainly by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and still an important public health problem worldwide. Some factors like the emergence of multidrug resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) strains make urgent the research of new active compounds. Searching for new inorganic compounds against TB, three new dioxovanadium(V) complexes were obtained upon reaction of [VO(acac)2] with hydrazone and thiosemicarbazone ligands derived from di-2-pyridyl ketone. Spectroscopic studies and X-ray crystallography revealed asymmetrically oxo bridged binuclear complexes of the type [{VO(L(1,2))}2(?-O)2], involving the hydrazone ligands, while a mononuclear square pyramidal complex of the type [VO2(L(3))] was formed with the thiosemicarbazone ligand. The compounds were tested against M. tuberculosis and three of them, with MICs values between 2.00 and 3.76 ?M were considered promising for TB treatment. Such MIC values are comparable or better than those found for some drugs currently used in TB treatment. PMID:24433444

  6. Synthesis and biochemical evaluation of benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone analogues as potent and selective inhibitors of cathepsin L.

    PubMed

    Parker, Erica N; Song, Jiangli; Kishore Kumar, G D; Odutola, Samuel O; Chavarria, Gustavo E; Charlton-Sevcik, Amanda K; Strecker, Tracy E; Barnes, Ashleigh L; Sudhan, Dhivya R; Wittenborn, Thomas R; Siemann, Dietmar W; Horsman, Michael R; Chaplin, David J; Trawick, Mary Lynn; Pinney, Kevin G

    2015-11-01

    Upregulation of cathepsin L in a variety of tumors and its ability to promote cancer cell invasion and migration through degradation of the extracellular matrix suggest that cathepsin L is a promising biological target for the development of anti-metastatic agents. Based on encouraging results from studies on benzophenone thiosemicarbazone cathepsin inhibitors, a series of fourteen benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone analogues were designed, synthesized, and evaluated for their inhibitory activity against cathepsins L and B. Thiosemicarbazone inhibitors 3-benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone 1, 1,3-bis(4-fluorobenzoyl)benzene thiosemicarbazone 8, and 1,3-bis(2-fluorobenzoyl)-5-bromobenzene thiosemicarbazone 32 displayed the greatest potency against cathepsin L with low IC50 values of 9.9nM, 14.4nM, and 8.1nM, respectively. The benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone analogues evaluated were selective in their inhibition of cathepsin L compared to cathepsin B. Thiosemicarbazone analogue 32 inhibited invasion through Matrigel of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells by 70% at 10?M. Thiosemicarbazone analogue 8 significantly inhibited the invasive potential of PC-3ML prostate cancer cells by 92% at 5?M. The most active cathepsin L inhibitors from this benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone series (1, 8, and 32) displayed low cytotoxicity toward normal primary cells [in this case human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs)]. In an initial in vivo study, 3-benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone (1) was well-tolerated in a CDF1 mouse model bearing an implanted C3H mammary carcinoma, and showed efficacy in tumor growth delay. Low cytotoxicity, inhibition of cell invasion, and in vivo tolerability are desirable characteristics for anti-metastatic agents functioning through an inhibition of cathepsin L. Active members of this structurally diverse group of benzoylbenzophenone thiosemicarbazone cathepsin L inhibitors show promise as potential anti-metastatic, pre-clinical drug candidates. PMID:26462052

  7. 2-Acetylpyridine thiosemicarbazones. 1. A new class of potential antimalarial agents.

    PubMed

    Klayman, D L; Bartosevich, J F; Griffin, T S; Mason, C J; Scovill, J P

    1979-07-01

    Based on the antimalarial properties observed for 2-acetylpyridine 4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (1), an extensive series of related thiosemicarbazones was prepared and tested against Plasmodium berghei in mice. Screening results indicated that the presence of the 2-pyridylethylidene group was critical and that certain phenyl, benzyl, phenethyl, or cycloalkyl groups at N4 of the thiosemicarbazone moiety also contribute to antimalarial activity. PMID:376848

  8. Synthesis and cytotoxic activity of N-substituted thiosemicarbazones of 3-(3,4-methylenedioxy)phenylpropanal.

    PubMed

    Joselice e Silva, M; Alves, A J; Do Nascimento, S C

    1998-03-01

    Five new N-substituted thiosemicarbazones of 3-(3,4-methylenedioxy)phenylpropanal were synthesized. Safrole, a natural product obtained from sassafras oil (Ocotea pretiosa), was oxidized to alcohol using BH3-THF and H2O2, followed by oxidation to aldehyde using pyridinium dichromate (PDC) and condensation with five N-substituted derivatives of thiosemicarbazide. Tests were performed to evaluate the cytotoxic activity with continuous chain KB cells (epidermoide carcinoma of the floor of the mouth). Compounds 5 and 6 showed IC50 values of 1.5 and 4.6 micrograms/ml, respectively. PMID:9639871

  9. Synthesis and spectral characterization of acetophenone thiosemicarbazone—A nonlinear optical material

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santhakumari, R.; Ramamurthi, K.; Vasuki, G.; Yamin, Bohari M.; Bhagavannarayana, G.

    2010-08-01

    Acetophenone thiosemicarbazone (APTSC) was synthesized. Solubility of APTSC was determined in ethanol and methanol at different temperatures. Single crystals were grown from ethanol by slow evaporation at room temperature. The grown crystal was subjected to FTIR, Laser-Raman and 1H NMR spectral analyses to confirm the synthesized compound. Thermal properties were investigated by thermogravimetric and differential thermal analyses. High-resolution X-ray diffractometry (HRXRD) was employed to evaluate the perfection of the grown crystal. The range and percentage of optical transmission was ascertained by recording UV-vis-NIR spectrum. The third order nonlinear optical parameters (nonlinear refractive index and nonlinear absorption coefficient) were derived by the Z-scan technique.

  10. Vibrational spectroscopic studies and computational study of ethyl methyl ketone thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anoop, M. R.; Binil, P. S.; Suma, S.; Sudarsanakumar, M. R.; Y, Sheena Mary.; Varghese, Hema Tresa; Panicker, C. Yohannan

    2010-04-01

    FT-IR and FT-Raman spectra of ethyl methyl ketone thiosemicarbazone were recorded and analyzed. The crystal structure is also described. The vibrational wavenumbers were computed using HF/6-31G(d) and B3LYP/6-31G(d) basis sets and are assigned with the aid of MOLEKEL program. The first hyperpolarizability, infrared intensities and Raman activities are also reported. The calculated first hyperpolarizability is comparable with the reported values of similar derivatives and is an attractive molecule for future applications in non-linear optics. The geometrical parameters of the title compound obtained from XRD studies are in agreement with the calculated values. The red shift of the NH stretching wavenumber in the infrared spectrum compared to the computed wavenumber indicates the weakening of the N-H bond resulting in proton transfer to the neighbouring sulfur atom.

  11. Nickel(II) complexes containing thiosemicarbazone and triphenylphosphine: Synthesis, spectroscopy, crystallography and catalytic activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Priyarega, S.; Kalaivani, P.; Prabhakaran, R.; Hashimoto, T.; Endo, A.; Natarajan, K.

    2011-09-01

    Four new Ni(II) complexes of the general formula [Ni(PPh 3)(L)] (L = dibasic tridentate ligand derived from 4-diethylamino-salicylaldehyde and thiosemicarbazide or 4-N-substituted thiosemicarbazide) have been reported. The new complexes have been synthesized and characterized by analytical and spectroscopic (IR, electronic, 1H NMR and 31P NMR) techniques. Molecular structure of one of the complexes has been determined by X-ray crystallography. The complex, [Ni(PPh 3)(L4)] (H 2L4 = thiosemicarbazone prepared from 4-diethylamino-salicylaldehyde and 4-phenylthiosemicarbazide) crystallized in monoclinic space group with two molecules per unit cell and has the dimensions of a = 13.232(6) Å, b = 10.181(5) Å, c = 13.574(7) Å, ? = 90°, ? = 98.483(2)° and ? = 90°. Catalytic activity of the complexes has been explored for aryl-aryl coupling reaction.

  12. Novel ruthenium(II) cyclopentadienyl thiosemicarbazone compounds with antiproliferative activity on pathogenic trypanosomatid parasites.

    PubMed

    Fernández, Mariana; Arce, Esteban Rodríguez; Sarniguet, Cynthia; Morais, Tânia S; Tomaz, Ana Isabel; Azar, Claudio Olea; Figueroa, Roberto; Diego Maya, J; Medeiros, Andrea; Comini, Marcelo; Helena Garcia, M; Otero, Lucía; Gambino, Dinorah

    2015-12-01

    Searching for new prospective antitrypanosomal agents, three novel Ru(II)-cyclopentadienyl compounds, [Ru(?(5)-C5H5)(PPh3)L], with HL=bioactive 5-nitrofuryl containing thiosemicarbazones were synthesized and characterized in the solid state and in solution. The compounds were evaluated in vitro on the blood circulating trypomastigote form of Trypanosoma cruzi (Dm28c strain), the infective form of Trypanosoma brucei brucei (strain 427) and on J774 murine macrophages and human-derived EA.hy926 endothelial cells. The compounds were active against both parasites with IC50 values in the micromolar or submicromolar range. Interestingly, they are much more active on T. cruzi than previously developed Ru(II) classical and organometallic compounds with the same bioactive ligands. The new compounds showed moderate to very good selectivity towards the parasites in respect to mammalian cells. The global results point at [RuCp(PPh3)L2] (L2=N-methyl derivative of 5-nitrofuryl containing thiosemicarbazone and Cp=cyclopentadienyl) as the most promising compound for further developments (IC50T. cruzi=0.41?M; IC50T. brucei brucei=3.5?M). Moreover, this compound shows excellent selectivity towards T. cruzi (SI>49) and good selectivity towards T. brucei brucei (SI>6). In order to get insight into the mechanism of antiparasitic action, the intracellular free radical production capacity of the new compounds was assessed by ESR. DMPO (5,5-dimethyl-1-pirroline-N-oxide) spin adducts related to the bioreduction of the complexes and to redox cycling processes were characterized. In addition, DNA competitive binding studies with ethidium bromide by fluorescence measurements showed that the compounds interact with this biomolecule. PMID:26275470

  13. Strong effect of copper(II) coordination on antiproliferative activity of thiosemicarbazone-piperazine and thiosemicarbazone-morpholine hybrids.

    PubMed

    Bacher, Felix; Dömötör, Orsolya; Chugunova, Anastasia; Nagy, Nóra V; Filipovi?, Lana; Radulovi?, Siniša; Enyedy, Éva A; Arion, Vladimir B

    2015-05-21

    In this study, 2-formylpyridine thiosemicarbazones and three different heterocyclic pharmacophores were combined to prepare thiosemicarbazone–piperazine mPip-FTSC (HL1) and mPip-dm-FTSC (HL2), thiosemicarbazone–morpholine Morph-FTSC (HL3) and Morph-dm-FTSC (HL4), thiosemicarbazone–methylpyrrole-2-carboxylate hybrids mPyrr-FTSC (HL5) and mPyrr-dm-FTSC (HL6) as well as their copper(II) complexes [CuCl(mPipH-FTSC-H)]Cl (1 + H)Cl, [CuCl(mPipH-dm-FTSC-H)]Cl (2 + H)Cl, [CuCl(Morph-FTSC-H)] (3), [CuCl(Morph-dm-FTSC-H)] (4), [CuCl(mPyrr-FTSC-H)(H2O)] (5) and [CuCl(mPyrr-dm-FTSC-H)(H2O)] (6). The substances were characterized by elemental analysis, one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy (HL1–HL6), ESI mass spectrometry, IR and UV–vis spectroscopy and single crystal X-ray diffraction (1–5). All compounds were prepared in an effort to generate potential antitumor agents with an improved therapeutic index. In addition, the effect of structural alterations with organic hybrids on aqueous solubility and copper(II) coordination ability was investigated. Complexation of ligands HL2 and HL4 with copper(II) was studied in aqueous solution by pH-potentiometry, UV–vis spectrophotometry and EPR spectroscopy. Proton dissociation processes of HL2 and HL4 were also characterized in detail and microscopic constants for the Z/E isomers were determined. While the hybrids HL5, HL6 and their copper(II) complexes 5 and 6 proved to be insoluble in aqueous solution, precluding antiproliferative activity studies, the thiosemicarbazone–piperazine and thiosemicarbazone–morpholine hybrids HL1–HL4, as well as copper(II) complexes 1–4 were soluble in water enabling cytotoxicity assays. Interestingly, the metal-free hybrids showed very low or even a lack of cytotoxicity (IC50 values > 300 ?M) in two human cancer cell lines HeLa (cervical carcinoma) and A549 (alveolar basal adenocarcinoma), whereas their copper(II) complexes were cytotoxic showing IC50 values from 25.5 to 65.1 ?M and 42.8 to 208.0 ?M, respectively in the same human cancer cell lines after 48 h of incubation. However, the most sensitive for HL4 and complexes 1–4 proved to be the human cancer cell line LS174 (colon carcinoma) as indicated by the calculated IC50 values varying from 13.1 to 17.5 ?M. PMID:25896351

  14. Inhibition kinetics of chlorobenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazones on mushroom tyrosinase.

    PubMed

    Li, Zhi-Cong; Chen, Liang-Hua; Yu, Xiao-Jie; Hu, Yong-Hua; Song, Kang-Kang; Zhou, Xing-Wang; Chen, Qing-Xi

    2010-12-01

    2-Chlorobenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (2-Cl-BT) and 4-chlorobenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (4-Cl-BT) were synthesized, and their inhibitory kinetics on the activity of mushroom tyrosinase were investigated. Results showed that these compounds exhibited significant inhibitory potency on both monophenolase activity and diphenolase activity of tyrosinase. For the monophenolase activity, both compounds could decrease the steady-state activity of the enzyme sharply, without any influence on the lag period. The IC50 values of them were estimated to be 15.4 ?M and 6.7 ?M, respectively. For the diphenolase activity, both compounds belonged to reversible inhibitors, but their mechanisms were different: 2-Cl-BT was a noncompetitive type inhibitor, while 4-Cl-BT was a mixed-type inhibitor. Their inhibition constants were determined and compared. PMID:21062043

  15. Crystal structures of copper(II) complexes of 2-formylpyridine substituted thiosemicarbazones; the first example of a coordinated thiosemicarbazone with a thiol function

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    West, D. X.; Swearingen, J. K.; Romack, T. J.; Billeh, I. S.; Jasinski, J. P.; Li, Y.; Staples, R. J.

    2001-08-01

    The crystal structures of two 5-coordinate copper(II) complexes containing neutral, tridentate 2-formylpyridine N(4)-substituted thiosemicarbazones have been determined. 2-Formylpyridine N(4)-cyclohexylthiosemicarbazone, HFo4CHex coordinates via the pyridine nitrogen, imine nitrogen and thione sulfur with two chloro ligands to produce [Cu(HFo4CHex)Cl 2]. Similarly, 2-formylpyridine 3-(4-methylpiperazine)thiosemicarbazone, HFoppz4M, produces [Cu(HFoppz4M)Cl 2] with one major difference; rather than the expected thione form of the thiosemicarbazone moiety, it coordinates as the thiol isomer. Both complexes are close to a square pyramid structure with axial and equatorial chloro ligands and the thiosemicarbazone moieties of both ligands nearly planar. Also included is the crystal structure of N-cyclohexylthiosemicarbazide, CHextsc.

  16. Synthesis of a sugar-based thiosemicarbazone series and structure-activity relationship versus the parasite cysteine proteases rhodesain, cruzain, and Schistosoma mansoni cathepsin B1.

    PubMed

    Fonseca, Nayara Cristina; da Cruz, Luana Faria; da Silva Villela, Filipe; do Nascimento Pereira, Glaécia Aparecida; de Siqueira-Neto, Jair Lage; Kellar, Danielle; Suzuki, Brian M; Ray, Debalina; de Souza, Thiago Belarmino; Alves, Ricardo José; Sales Júnior, Policarpo Ademar; Romanha, Alvaro José; Murta, Silvane Maria Fonseca; McKerrow, James H; Caffrey, Conor R; de Oliveira, Renata Barbosa; Ferreira, Rafaela Salgado

    2015-05-01

    The pressing need for better drugs against Chagas disease, African sleeping sickness, and schistosomiasis motivates the search for inhibitors of cruzain, rhodesain, and Schistosoma mansoni CB1 (SmCB1), the major cysteine proteases from Trypanosoma cruzi, Trypanosoma brucei, and S. mansoni, respectively. Thiosemicarbazones and heterocyclic analogues have been shown to be both antitrypanocidal and inhibitory against parasite cysteine proteases. A series of compounds was synthesized and evaluated against cruzain, rhodesain, and SmCB1 through biochemical assays to determine their potency and structure-activity relationships (SAR). This approach led to the discovery of 6 rhodesain, 4 cruzain, and 5 SmCB1 inhibitors with 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) of ? 10 ?M. Among the compounds tested, the thiosemicarbazone derivative of peracetylated galactoside (compound 4i) was discovered to be a potent rhodesain inhibitor (IC50 = 1.2 ± 1.0 ?M). The impact of a range of modifications was determined; removal of thiosemicarbazone or its replacement by semicarbazone resulted in virtually inactive compounds, and modifications in the sugar also diminished potency. Compounds were also evaluated in vitro against the parasites T. cruzi, T. brucei, and S. mansoni, revealing active compounds among this series. PMID:25712353

  17. Synthesis and characterization of mixed-ligand diimine-piperonal thiosemicarbazone complexes of ruthenium(II): Biophysical investigations and biological evaluation as anticancer and antibacterial agents

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beckford, Floyd A.; Thessing, Jeffrey; Shaloski, Michael, Jr.; Canisius Mbarushimana, P.; Brock, Alyssa; Didion, Jacob; Woods, Jason; Gonzalez-Sarrías, Antonio; Seeram, Navindra P.

    2011-04-01

    We have used a novel microwave-assisted method developed in our laboratories to synthesize a series of ruthenium-thiosemicarbazone complexes. The new thiosemicarbazone ligands are derived from benzo[ d][1,3]dioxole-5-carbaldehyde (piperonal) and the complexes are formulated as [(diimine) 2Ru(TSC)](PF 6) 2 (where the TSC is the bidentate thiosemicarbazone ligand). The diimine in the complexes is either 2,2'-bipyridine or 1,10-phenanthroline. The complexes have been characterized by spectroscopic means (NMR, IR and UV-Vis) as well as by elemental analysis. We have studied the biophysical characteristics of the complexes by investigating their anti-oxidant ability as well as their ability to disrupt the function of the human topoisomerase II enzyme. The complexes are moderately strong binders of DNA with binding constants of 10 4 M -1. They are also strong binders of human serum albumin having binding constants on the order of 10 4 M -1. The complexes show good in vitro anticancer activity against human colon cancer cells, Caco-2 and HCT-116 and indeed show some cytotoxic selectivity for cancer cells. The IC 50 values range from 7 to 159 ?M (after 72 h drug incubation). They also have antibacterial activity against Gram-positive strains of pathogenic bacteria with IC 50 values as low as 10 ?M; little activity was seen against Gram-negative strains. It has been established that all the compounds are catalytic inhibitors of human topoisomerase II.

  18. Synthesis of a Sugar-Based Thiosemicarbazone Series and Structure-Activity Relationship versus the Parasite Cysteine Proteases Rhodesain, Cruzain, and Schistosoma mansoni Cathepsin B1

    PubMed Central

    Fonseca, Nayara Cristina; da Cruz, Luana Faria; da Silva Villela, Filipe; do Nascimento Pereira, Glaécia Aparecida; de Siqueira-Neto, Jair Lage; Kellar, Danielle; Suzuki, Brian M.; Ray, Debalina; de Souza, Thiago Belarmino; Alves, Ricardo José; Júnior, Policarpo Ademar Sales; Romanha, Alvaro José; Murta, Silvane Maria Fonseca; McKerrow, James H.; Caffrey, Conor R.; de Oliveira, Renata Barbosa

    2015-01-01

    The pressing need for better drugs against Chagas disease, African sleeping sickness, and schistosomiasis motivates the search for inhibitors of cruzain, rhodesain, and Schistosoma mansoni CB1 (SmCB1), the major cysteine proteases from Trypanosoma cruzi, Trypanosoma brucei, and S. mansoni, respectively. Thiosemicarbazones and heterocyclic analogues have been shown to be both antitrypanocidal and inhibitory against parasite cysteine proteases. A series of compounds was synthesized and evaluated against cruzain, rhodesain, and SmCB1 through biochemical assays to determine their potency and structure-activity relationships (SAR). This approach led to the discovery of 6 rhodesain, 4 cruzain, and 5 SmCB1 inhibitors with 50% inhibitory concentrations (IC50s) of ?10 ?M. Among the compounds tested, the thiosemicarbazone derivative of peracetylated galactoside (compound 4i) was discovered to be a potent rhodesain inhibitor (IC50 = 1.2 ± 1.0 ?M). The impact of a range of modifications was determined; removal of thiosemicarbazone or its replacement by semicarbazone resulted in virtually inactive compounds, and modifications in the sugar also diminished potency. Compounds were also evaluated in vitro against the parasites T. cruzi, T. brucei, and S. mansoni, revealing active compounds among this series. PMID:25712353

  19. Benzyl Derivatives with in Vitro Binding Affinity for Human Opioid Receptors and Cannabinoid Receptors from the Fungus Eurotium repens

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Bioassay-guided fractionation of the fungus Eurotium repens resulted in the isolation of two benzyl derivatives, repenol A (1) and repenol B (2). Seven known secondary metabolites were also isolated including five benzaldehyde compounds, flavoglaucin (3), tetrahydroauroglaucin (4), dihydroauroglauci...

  20. Use of thiosemicarbazone and para-nitrobenzoic acid in screening tests for anonymous mycobacteria

    PubMed Central

    Barrie, John D.

    1967-01-01

    In screening for anonymous mycobacteria the use of thiosemicarbazone (10?g./ml.) may give rise to false positive results. Although these can usually be overcome by further tests, additional time and effort is required, which seriously limits the value of thiosemicarbazone as a true screening agent. Para-nitrobenzoic acid (500 ?g./ml.) has proved more satisfactory in our hands; no false positive results have been obtained and it has the additional advantage that strains of M. kansasii (usually thiosemicarbazone sensitive) are resistant to para-nitrobenzoic acid. PMID:6016891

  1. Crystal structure of 4-hy-droxy-3-meth-oxy-benzaldehyde 4-methyl-thio-semi-carbazone methanol monosolvate.

    PubMed

    de Oliveira, Adriano Bof; Beck, Johannes; Landvogt, Christian; Feitosa, Bárbara Regina Santos

    2015-05-01

    In the title solvate, C15H15N3O2S·CH3OH, the thio-semicarbazone mol-ecule is approximately planar; the maximum deviation from the mean plane is 0.4659?(14)?Å and the dihedral angle between the aromatic rings is 9.83?(8)°. This conformation is supported by an intra-molecular N-H?N hydrogen bond. In the crystal, the thio-semicarbazone mol-ecules are linked into dimers by pairs of N-H?S hydrogen bonds, thereby generating R 2 (2)(8) loops. The methanol solvent mol-ecule bonds to the thio-semicarbazone mol-ecule through a bifurcated O-H?(O,O) hydrogen bond and also accepts an O-H?O link from the thio-semicarbazone mol-ecule. Together, these links generate a three-dimensional network. PMID:25995922

  2. Crystal structure of 4-hy­droxy-3-meth­oxy­benzaldehyde 4-methyl­thio­semi­carbazone methanol monosolvate

    PubMed Central

    de Oliveira, Adriano Bof; Beck, Johannes; Landvogt, Christian; Feitosa, Bárbara Regina Santos

    2015-01-01

    In the title solvate, C15H15N3O2S·CH3OH, the thio­semicarbazone mol­ecule is approximately planar; the maximum deviation from the mean plane is 0.4659?(14)?Å and the dihedral angle between the aromatic rings is 9.83?(8)°. This conformation is supported by an intra­molecular N—H?N hydrogen bond. In the crystal, the thio­semicarbazone mol­ecules are linked into dimers by pairs of N—H?S hydrogen bonds, thereby generating R 2 2(8) loops. The methanol solvent mol­ecule bonds to the thio­semicarbazone mol­ecule through a bifurcated O—H?(O,O) hydrogen bond and also accepts an O—H?O link from the thio­semicarbazone mol­ecule. Together, these links generate a three-dimensional network. PMID:25995922

  3. Serotonin Mediates a Learned Increase in Attraction to High Concentrations of Benzaldehyde in Aged "C. elegans"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsui, David; van der Kooy, Derek

    2008-01-01

    We utilized olfactory-mediated chemotaxis in "Caenorhabditis elegans" to examine the effect of aging on information processing and animal behavior. Wild-type (N2) young adults (day 4) initially approach and eventually avoid a point source of benzaldehyde. Aged adult animals (day 7) showed a stronger initial approach and a delayed avoidance to…

  4. Chemo-sensitization of fungal pathogens to antimicrobial agents using benzaldehyde analogs

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Activity of conventional antifungal agents, fludioxonil, strobilurin and antimycinA, which target the oxidative and osmotic stress response systems, was elevated by co-application of certain analogs of benzaldehyde. Fungal tolerance to 2,3-dihydroxybenzaldehyde or 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid was foun...

  5. Antifungal activity of redox-active benzaldehydes that target cellular antioxidation

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Many pathogenic fungi are becoming resistant to currently available drugs. Disruption of cellular antioxidation systems should be an effective method for control of fungal pathogens. Such disruption can be achieved with redox-active compounds. The aim of this study was to identify benzaldehydes that...

  6. Visible-Light-Promoted Photoredox Syntheses of ?,?-Epoxy Ketones from Styrenes and Benzaldehydes under Alkaline Conditions.

    PubMed

    Li, Jing; Wang, David Zhigang

    2015-11-01

    A range of styrenes and benzaldehydes were smoothly combined to form ?,?-epoxy ketones under the synergistic actions of photocatalyst Ru(bpy)3Cl2, tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BuOOH), cesium carbonate (Cs2CO3), and visible light irradiation. The process likely proceeds through visible-light-enabled photocatalytic generations of acyl radicals as key intermediates. PMID:26491880

  7. Eco-Friendly Synthesis of Some Thiosemicarbazones and Their Applications as Intermediates for 5-Arylazothiazole Disperse Dyes.

    PubMed

    Gaffer, Hatem E; Khalifa, Mohamed E

    2015-01-01

    The solid-solid reactions of thiosemicarbazide with 4-formylantipyrine, 2-acetylpyrrole and camphor were performed to afford the thiosemicarbazones 1-3 which underwent hetero-cyclization with phenacyl bromide to furnish the corresponding thiazole derivatives 4-6. The yields of the reactions are quantitative in all cases and the products do not require further purification. A series of 5-arylazo-2-(substituted ylidene-hydrazinyl)-thiazole dyes 7-9 was then prepared by diazo coupling of thiazole derivatives 4-6 with several diazonium chlorides. The synthesized dyes were applied as disperse dyes for dyeing polyester fabric. The dyed fabrics exhibit good washing, perspiration, sublimation and light fastness properties, with little variation in their moderate to good rubbing fastness. PMID:26690111

  8. Reinvestigation of growth of urea thiosemicarbazone monohydrate crystal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Srinivasan, Bikshandarkoil R.; Raghavaiah, Pallepogu; Nadkarni, V. S.

    2013-08-01

    The reaction of urea with thiosemicarbazide in 1:1 mole ratio in aqueous solution does not result in the formation of urea thiosemicarbazone monohydrate crystal, as reported by Hanumantharao, Kalainathan and Bhagavannarayana [Spectrochim. Acta A91 (2012) 345-351]. A reinvestigation of the reported reaction reveals that the crystal obtained is the starting material namely thiosemicarbazide, which has been unambiguously confirmed with the aid of infrared and 1H NMR spectra and single crystal X-ray structure determination. Analysis of 1H NMR spectrum reveals that thiosemicarbazide exhibits thione-thiol tautomerism in solution. In contrast, thiosemicarbazide exists as the thione tautomer in the solid state.

  9. Model studies on the oxygen-induced formation of benzaldehyde from phenylacetaldehyde using pyrolysis GC-MS and FTIR.

    PubMed

    Chu, Fong Lam; Yaylayan, Varoujan A

    2008-11-26

    Benzaldehyde, a potent aroma chemical of bitter almond, can also be formed thermally from phenylalanine and may contribute to the formation of off-aroma. To identify the precursors involved in its generation during Maillard reaction, various model systems containing phenylalanine, phenylpyruvic acid, phenethylamine, or phenylacetaldehyde were studied in the presence and absence of moisture using oxidative and nonoxidative Py-GC-MS. Analysis of the data indicated that phenylacetaldehyde, the Strecker aldehyde of phenylalanine, is the most effective precursor and that both air and water significantly enhanced the rate of benzaldehyde formation from phenylacetaldehyde. Phenylpyruvic acid was the most efficient precursor under nonoxidative conditions. Phenethylamine, on the other hand, needed the presence of a carbonyl compound to generate benzaldehyde only under oxidative conditions. On the basis of the results obtained, a free radical initiated oxidative cleavage of the carbon-carbon double bond of the enolized phenylacetaldehyde was proposed as a possible major mechanism for benzaldehyde formation, and supporting evidence was provided through monitoring of the evolution of the benzaldehyde band from heated phenylacetaldehyde in the presence and absence of 1,1'-azobis(cyclohexanecarbonitrile) on the ATR crystal of an FTIR spectrophotometer. In the presence of the free radical initiator, the enol band of the phenylacetaldehyde centered at 1684 cm(-1) formed and increased over time, and after 18 min of heating time the benzaldehyde band centered at 1697 cm(-1) formed and increased at the expense of the enol band of phenylacetaldehyde, indicating a precursor product relationship. PMID:18954073

  10. Ortho-TMS Benzaldehyde: An Effective Linchpin for Type II Anion Relay Chemistry (ARC)

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Amos B.; Kim, Won-Suk; Wuest, William M.

    2009-01-01

    Ortho-TMS benzaldehyde, an effective bifunctional linchpin for Type II Anion Relay Chemistry (ARC), permits efficient multi-component union of a variety of nucleophiles and electrophiles, including the first example of a Pd-mediated ARC Type II process. To demonstrate the utility of the Type II ARC protocol, a “proof of concept” synthetic sequence was designed and implemented for construction of a focused library of “natural product-like” compounds. PMID:18666303

  11. Growth and characterization of novel organic 3-Hydroxy Benzaldehyde-N-methyl 4 Stilbazolium Tosylate crystals for NLO applications.

    PubMed

    Jagannathan, K; Umarani, P; Ratchagar, V; Ramesh, V; Kalainathan, S

    2016-01-15

    The 3-Hydroxy Benzaldehyde-N-methyl 4-Stilbazolium Tosylate (3- HBST) is a new organic NLO crystal and it is a new derivative in stilbazolium tosylate family. In this work we have synthesized 3-HBST and the single crystal was grown by conventional slow cooling method. The structure and lattice parameters of the grown crystal were determined by the single crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique and it is exhibiting good crystalline nature which is observed from the powder XRD. In order to check the crystalline quality the rocking curve was recorded using multi crystal X-ray diffractometer. The functional groups were identified from both FTIR and NMR spectral analyses. The ?-?* and n-?* optical transition energy levels were estimated from the absorption peaks. The NLO property was confirmed by measuring relative SHG efficiency by Kurtz powder test; it shows 24 times higher SHG efficiency than that of urea. In order to test the mechanical stability the Vickers and Knoop micro hardness measurement were carried out and found that the micro hardness number decreases with increasing load. The melting point was determined from Differential Scanning Colorimetry (DSC). PMID:26476071

  12. Association of Polymorphisms in Odorant-Binding Protein Genes With Variation in Olfactory Response to Benzaldehyde in Drosophila

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Ping; Lyman, Richard F.; Shabalina, Svetlana A.; Mackay, Trudy F. C.; Anholt, Robert R. H.

    2007-01-01

    Adaptive evolution of animals depends on behaviors that are essential for their survival and reproduction. The olfactory system of Drosophila melanogaster has emerged as one of the best characterized olfactory systems, which in addition to a family of odorant receptors, contains an approximately equal number of odorant-binding proteins (OBPs), encoded by a multigene family of 51 genes. Despite their abundant expression, little is known about their role in chemosensation, largely due to the lack of available mutations in these genes. We capitalized on naturally occurring mutations (polymorphisms) to gain insights into their functions. We analyzed the sequences of 13 Obp genes in two chromosomal clusters in a population of wild-derived inbred lines, and asked whether polymorphisms in these genes are associated with variation in olfactory responsiveness. Four polymorphisms in 3 Obp genes exceeded the statistical permutation threshold for association with responsiveness to benzaldehyde, suggesting redundancy and/or combinatorial recognition by these OBPs of this odorant. Model predictions of alternative pre-mRNA secondary structures associated with polymorphic sites suggest that alterations in Obp mRNA structure could contribute to phenotypic variation in olfactory behavior. PMID:17720903

  13. Growth and characterization of novel organic 3-Hydroxy Benzaldehyde-N-methyl 4 Stilbazolium Tosylate crystals for NLO applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jagannathan, K.; Umarani, P.; Ratchagar, V.; Ramesh, V.; Kalainathan, S.

    2016-01-01

    The 3-Hydroxy Benzaldehyde-N-methyl 4-Stilbazolium Tosylate (3- HBST) is a new organic NLO crystal and it is a new derivative in stilbazolium tosylate family. In this work we have synthesized 3-HBST and the single crystal was grown by conventional slow cooling method. The structure and lattice parameters of the grown crystal were determined by the single crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique and it is exhibiting good crystalline nature which is observed from the powder XRD. In order to check the crystalline quality the rocking curve was recorded using multi crystal X-ray diffractometer. The functional groups were identified from both FTIR and NMR spectral analyses. The ?-?* and n-?* optical transition energy levels were estimated from the absorption peaks. The NLO property was confirmed by measuring relative SHG efficiency by Kurtz powder test; it shows 24 times higher SHG efficiency than that of urea. In order to test the mechanical stability the Vickers and Knoop micro hardness measurement were carried out and found that the micro hardness number decreases with increasing load. The melting point was determined from Differential Scanning Colorimetry (DSC).

  14. The Cytotoxicity of Benzaldehyde Nitrogen Mustard-2-Pyridine Carboxylic Acid Hydrazone Being Involved in Topoisomerase II? Inhibition

    PubMed Central

    Fu, Yun; Zhou, Sufeng; Liu, Youxun; Yang, Yingli; Sun, Xingzhi; Li, Changzheng

    2014-01-01

    The antitumor property of iron chelators and aromatic nitrogen mustard derivatives has been well documented. Combination of the two pharmacophores in one molecule in drug designation is worth to be explored. We reported previously the syntheses and preliminary cytotoxicity evaluation of benzaldehyde nitrogen mustard pyridine carboxyl acid hydrazones (BNMPH) as extended study, more tumor cell lines (IC50 for HepG2: 26.1 ± 3.5??M , HCT-116: 57.5 ± 5.3??M, K562: 48.2 ± 4.0??M, and PC-12: 19.4 ± 2.2??M) were used to investigate its cytotoxicity and potential mechanism. In vitro experimental data showed that the BNMPH chelating Fe2+ caused a large number of ROS formations which led to DNA cleavage, and this was further supported by comet assay, implying that ROS might be involved in the cytotoxicity of BNMPH. The ROS induced changes of apoptosis related genes, but the TFR1 and NDRG1 metastatic genes were not obviously regulated, prompting that BNMPH might not be able to deprive Fe2+ of ribonucleotide reductase. The BNMPH induced S phase arrest was different from that of iron chelators (G1) and alkylating agents (G2). BNMPH also exhibited its inhibition of human topoisomerase II?. Those revealed that the cytotoxic mechanism of the BNMPH could stem from both the topoisomerase II inhibition, ROS generation and DNA alkylation. PMID:24995306

  15. Spectral, thermal, electrochemical and analytical studies on Cd(II) and Hg(II) thiosemicarbazone complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Asmy, A. A.; El-Gammal, O. A.; Saleh, H. S.

    2008-11-01

    The coordination characteristic of the investigated thiosemicarbazones towards hazard pollutants, Cd(II) and Hg(II), becomes the first goal. Their complexes have been studied by microanalysis, thermal, electrochemical and spectral (electronic, IR and MS) studies. The substitutent (salicylaldehyde, acetophenone, benzophenone, o-hydroxy- p-methoxybenzophenone or diacetylmonoxime) plays an important role in the complex formation. The coordination sites were the S for thiosemicarbazide (HTS); NN for benzophenone thiosemicarbazone (HBTS); NS for acetophenone thiosemicarbazone (HATS) and salicylaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (H 2STS); NNS or NSO for diacetylmonoxime thiosemicarbazone (H 2DMTS). The stability constants of Hg(II) complexes were higher than Cd(II). The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different thermal decomposition steps in the complexes have been evaluated. The activation energy values of the first step ordered the complexes as: [Cd(H 2STS)Cl 2]H 2O > [Cd(H 2DAMTS)Cl 2] > [Cd(HBTS) 2Cl 2]2H 2O > [Cd(HATS) 2Cl 2]. The CV of [Cd(H 2STS)Cl 2]H 2O and [Hg(HBTS)Cl 2] were recorded. The use of H 2DMTS as a new reagent for the separation and determination of Cd(II) ions from water and some synthetic samples using flotation technique is aimed to be discussed.

  16. Synthesis and characterization of novel palladium(II) complexes of bis(thiosemicarbazone). Structure, cytotoxic activity and DNA binding of Pd(II)-benzyl bis(thiosemicarbazonate).

    PubMed

    Matesanz, A I; Pérez, J M; Navarro, P; Moreno, J M; Colacio, E; Souza, P

    1999-07-30

    The preparation of palladium(II) complexes of 3,5-diacyl-1,2,4-triazole bis(thiosemicarbazone) (H2L2), 2,6-diacylpyridine bis(thiosemicarbazone) (H2L3) and benzyl bis(thiosemicarbazone) (H2L4) is described. The new complexes [PdCl2(H2L2)] (1), [PdCl2(H2L3)] (2) and [PdL4].DMF (3) have been characterized by elemental analyses and spectroscopic studies (IR, 1H NMR and UV-Vis). The crystal and molecular structure of PdL4.DMF (L = bideprotonated form of benzyl bis(thiosemicarbazone)) has been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction: green triclinic crystal, a = 10.258(5), b = 10.595(5), c = 11.189(5) A, alpha = 97.820(5), beta = 108.140(5), gamma = 105.283(5) degrees, space group P1, Z = 1. The palladium atom is tetracoordinated by four donor atoms (SNNS) from L4 to form a planar tricyclic ligating system. The testing of the cytotoxic activity of compound 3 against several human, monkey and murine cell lines sensitive (HeLa, Vero and Pam 212) and resistant to cis-DDP (Pam-ras) suggests that compound 3 might be endowed with important antitumor properties since it shows IC50 values in a microM range similar to those of cis-DDP [cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II)]. Moreover, compound 3 displays notable cytotoxic activity in Pam-ras cells resistant to cis-DDP (IC50 values of 78 microM versus 156 microM, respectively). On the other hand, the analysis of the interaction of this novel Pd-thiosemicarbazone compound with DNA secondary structure by means of circular dichroism spectroscopy indicates that it induces on the double helix conformational changes different from those induced by cis-DDP. PMID:10530004

  17. Probing the Active Center of Benzaldehyde Lyase with Substitutions and the Pseudosubstrate Analogue Benzoylphosphonic Acid Methyl Ester

    SciTech Connect

    Brandt, Gabriel S.; Nemeria, Natalia; Chakraborty, Sumit; McLeish, Michael J.; Yep, Alejandra; Kenyon, George L.; Petsko, Gregory A.; Jordan, Frank; Ringe, Dagmar

    2008-07-28

    Benzaldehyde lyase (BAL) catalyzes the reversible cleavage of (R)-benzoin to benzaldehyde utilizing thiamin diphosphate and Mg{sup 2+} as cofactors. The enzyme is important for the chemoenzymatic synthesis of a wide range of compounds via its carboligation reaction mechanism. In addition to its principal functions, BAL can slowly decarboxylate aromatic amino acids such as benzoylformic acid. It is also intriguing mechanistically due to the paucity of acid-base residues at the active center that can participate in proton transfer steps thought to be necessary for these types of reactions. Here methyl benzoylphosphonate, an excellent electrostatic analogue of benzoylformic acid, is used to probe the mechanism of benzaldehyde lyase. The structure of benzaldehyde lyase in its covalent complex with methyl benzoylphosphonate was determined to 2.49 {angstrom} (Protein Data Bank entry 3D7K) and represents the first structure of this enzyme with a compound bound in the active site. No large structural reorganization was detected compared to the complex of the enzyme with thiamin diphosphate. The configuration of the predecarboxylation thiamin-bound intermediate was clarified by the structure. Both spectroscopic and X-ray structural studies are consistent with inhibition resulting from the binding of MBP to the thiamin diphosphate in the active centers. We also delineated the role of His29 (the sole potential acid-base catalyst in the active site other than the highly conserved Glu50) and Trp163 in cofactor activation and catalysis by benzaldehyde lyase.

  18. Spectral studies of copper(II) complexes of 6-(3-thienyl) pyridine-2-thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahjoub, Omima Abdalla; Farina, Yang

    2014-09-01

    Two novel copper(II) complexes [Cu(HL)Cl]Cl?H2O (1) and [Cu(L)NO3]?H2O (2) of the three NNS donor thiosemicarbazone ligand 6-(3-thienyl) pyridine-2-thiosemicarbazone have been synthesized. The ligand and its copper(II) complexes were characterized by elemental analysis (C, H, N, and S), FT-IR, UV-visible, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductance. The thiosemicarbazone is present either as the thione form in complex 1 or as thiol form in complex 2 and is coordinated to copper(II) atom via the pyridine nitrogen atom, the azomethine nitrogen atom and the sulfur atom. The physicochemical and spectral data suggest square planar geometry for copper(II) atoms.

  19. Spectral studies of copper(II) complexes of 6-(3-thienyl) pyridine-2-thiosemicarbazone

    SciTech Connect

    Mahjoub, Omima Abdalla; Farina, Yang

    2014-09-03

    Two novel copper(II) complexes [Cu(HL)Cl]Cl.H{sub 2}O (1) and [Cu(L)NO{sub 3}]Ðœ‡H{sub 2}O (2) of the three NNS donor thiosemicarbazone ligand 6-(3-thienyl) pyridine-2-thiosemicarbazone have been synthesized. The ligand and its copper(II) complexes were characterized by elemental analysis (C, H, N, and S), FT-IR, UV-visible, magnetic susceptibility and molar conductance. The thiosemicarbazone is present either as the thione form in complex 1 or as thiol form in complex 2 and is coordinated to copper(II) atom via the pyridine nitrogen atom, the azomethine nitrogen atom and the sulfur atom. The physicochemical and spectral data suggest square planar geometry for copper(II) atoms.

  20. The effect of metal-support interactions on the hydrogenation of benzaldehyde and benzyl alcohol

    SciTech Connect

    Vannice, M.A.; Poondi, D.

    1997-07-01

    The hydrogenation of benzaldehyde hydrogenation on Pt/TiO{sub 2} after a high-temperature reduction (HTR) step, compared to either Pt/TiO{sub 2} after a low-temperature reduction (LTR) step, Pt/SiO{sub 2} or Pt/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} is discussed. Pt/TiO{sub 2} (HTR) retained a selectivity to benzyl alcohol of 100% up to conversions of 80%, whereas significant amounts of toluene and benzene began to be formed at conversions above 20% with the other Pt catalysts, including Pt powder. 39 refs., 6 figs., 7 tabs.

  1. Effect of benzaldehyde on the electrodeposition and corrosion properties of Ni-W alloys

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pramod Kumar, U.; Kennady, C. Joseph

    2015-10-01

    The effect of different concentrations of benzaldehyde on the electrodeposition of Ni-W alloy coatings on a mild steel substrate from a citrate electrolyte was investigated in this study. The electrolytic alkaline bath (pH 8.0) contained stoichiometric amounts of nickel sulfate, sodium tungstate, and trisodium citrate as precursors. The corrosion resistance of the Ni-W-alloy-coated specimens in 0.2 mol/L H2SO4 was studied using various electrochemical techniques. Tafel polarization studies reveal that the alloy coatings obtained from the bath containing 50 ppm benzaldehyde exhibit a protection efficiency of 95.33%. The corrosion rate also decreases by 21.5 times compared with that of the blank. A higher charge-transfer resistance of 1159.40 ?·cm2 and a lower double-layer capacitance of 29.4 ?F·cm-2 further confirm the better corrosion resistance of the alloy coating. X-ray diffraction studies reveal that the deposits on the mild steel surface are consisted of nanocrystals. A lower surface roughness value ( R max) of the deposits is confirmed by atomic force microscopy.

  2. Solvent-free selective photocatalytic oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde by molecular oxygen using 9-phenyl-10-methylacridinium.

    PubMed

    Ohkubo, Kei; Suga, Kyou; Fukuzumi, Shunichi

    2006-05-21

    9-Phenyl-10-methylacridium ion acts as an effective photocatalyst for solvent free selective photocatalytic oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde under visible light irradiation via efficient photoinduced electron transfer from benzyl alcohol to the singlet excited state of the acridinium ion. PMID:16767261

  3. ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF PHENOLIC BENZALDEHYDES AND BENZOIC ACIDS AGAINST CAMPYLOBACTER JEJUNI, ESCHERICHIA COLI, LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES, AND SALMONELLA ENTERICA

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    We evaluated the bactericidal activities of 70 benzaldehydes and benzoic acids substituted in the benzene ring with zero, one, two, or three hydroxy (OH) and/or methoxy (OCH3) groups in a pH 7 buffer against Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella enterica, Campylobacter jejuni, and Listeria monocytog...

  4. Synthesis and structure-activity relationship study of a new series of antiparasitic aryloxyl thiosemicarbazones inhibiting Trypanosoma cruzi cruzain.

    PubMed

    Espíndola, José Wanderlan Pontes; Cardoso, Marcos Veríssimo de Oliveira; Filho, Gevanio Bezerra de Oliveira; Oliveira E Silva, Dayane Albuquerque; Moreira, Diogo Rodrigo Magalhaes; Bastos, Tanira Matutino; Simone, Carlos Alberto de; Soares, Milena Botelho Pereira; Villela, Filipe Silva; Ferreira, Rafaela Salgado; Castro, Maria Carolina Accioly Brelaz de; Pereira, Valéria Rego Alves; Murta, Silvane Maria Fonseca; Sales Junior, Policarpo Ademar; Romanha, Alvaro José; Leite, Ana Cristina Lima

    2015-08-28

    The discovery of new antiparasitic compounds against Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease, is necessary. Novel aryloxy/aryl thiosemicarbazone-based conformationally constrained analogs of thiosemicarbazones (1) and (2) were developed as potential inhibitors of the T. cruzi protease cruzain, using a rigidification strategy of the iminic bond of (1) and (2). A structure-activity relationship analysis was performed in substituents attached in both aryl and aryloxy rings. This study indicated that apolar substituents or halogen atom substitution at the aryl position improved cruzain inhibition and antiparasitic activity in comparison to unsubstituted thiosemicarbazone. Two of these compounds displayed potent inhibitory antiparasitic activity by inhibiting cruzain and consequently were able to reduce the parasite burden in infected cells and cause parasite cell death through necrosis. In conclusion, we demonstrated that conformational restriction is a valuable strategy in the development of antiparasitic thiosemicarbazones. PMID:26231082

  5. Rationalization of physicochemical characters of oxazolyl thiosemicarbazone analogs towards multi-drug resistant tuberculosis: a QSAR approach.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Revathi A; Gupta, Arun K; Soni, Love K; Kaskhedikar, S G

    2007-08-01

    The emergence of multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and the continuing pandemic of tuberculosis emphasizes the urgent need for the development of new and potent anti-tubercular agents. In an effort to develop new and more effective agents to treat tuberculosis emphasis was focused on quantification of structure-activity relationship of oxazolyl thiosemicarbazone derivatives. The de novo analysis gave insight to some important structural features i.e. nitro group on phenyl ring at R(1) position is optimal for the activity and might be responsible for electronic interaction, while phenyl ring at R position interact with the hydrophobic pocket more effectively as compared to unsubstituted or methyl substituted analogs. Hansch approach offered the understanding and parameterization of interactions of the inhibitor with receptor. Similarly QSAR analysis gave some important physicochemical properties, i.e. empirical aromatic index (ARR) and 3D-MoRSE code value of scattering angle at 8A(-1). These two physicochemical properties shall be helpful in the development of more potent analogs. PMID:17343958

  6. Real-Time Detection of Traces of Benzaldehyde in Benzyl Alcohol as a Solvent by a Flexible Lanthanide Microporous Metal-Organic Framework.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Huan; Chen, Diming; Ma, Huili; Cheng, Peng

    2015-10-26

    Luminescent 3D lanthanide metal-organic framework (Ln-MOF) {[Tb2 (TATAB)2 ]?4?H2 O?6?DMF}n (1) was synthesized under solvothermal conditions by using flexible ligand 4,4',4''-s-triazine-1,3,5-triyltri-p-aminobenzoate (TATAB). A phase transition was observed between low temperature and room temperature. The luminescence of 1 could be enhanced by formaldehyde and quenched efficiently by trace amounts of benzaldehyde in solvents such as benzyl alcohol (0.01-2.0?vol?%) and ethanol (0.01-2.5?vol?%). This is the first use of a Ln-MOF as chemical sensor for both formaldehyde and benzaldehyde. The high sensitivity and selectivity of the luminescence response of 1 to benzaldehyde allows it to be used as an excellent sensor for identifying benzaldehyde and provides a simple and convenient method for detecting traces of benzaldehyde in benzyl alcohol based injections. This work establishes a new strategy for detection of benzaldehyde in benzyl alcohol by luminescent MOFs. PMID:26493886

  7. Synthesis, biological evaluation and molecular docking of N-phenyl thiosemicarbazones as urease inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Hameed, Abdul; Khan, Khalid Mohammed; Zehra, Syeda Tazeen; Ahmed, Ramasa; Shafiq, Zahid; Bakht, Syeda Mahwish; Yaqub, Muhammad; Hussain, Mazhar; de la Vega de León, Antonio; Furtmann, Norbert; Bajorath, Jürgen; Shad, Hazoor Ahmad; Tahir, Muhammad Nawaz; Iqbal, Jamshed

    2015-08-01

    Urease is an important enzyme which breaks urea into ammonia and carbon dioxide during metabolic processes. However, an elevated activity of urease causes various complications of clinical importance. The inhibition of urease activity with small molecules as inhibitors is an effective strategy for therapeutic intervention. Herein, we have synthesized a series of 19 benzofurane linked N-phenyl semithiocarbazones (3a-3s). All the compounds were screened for enzyme inhibitor activity against Jack bean urease. The synthesized N-phenyl thiosemicarbazones had varying activity levels with IC50 values between 0.077 ± 0.001 and 24.04 ± 0.14 ?M compared to standard inhibitor, thiourea (IC50 = 21 ± 0.11 ?M). The activities of these compounds may be due to their close resemblance of thiourea. A docking study with Jack bean urease (PDB ID: 4H9M) revealed possible binding modes of N-phenyl thiosemicarbazones. PMID:26119990

  8. Synthesis and Antiproliferative Activity of Steroidal Thiosemicarbazone Platinum (Pt(II)) Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Yanmin; Kong, Erbin; Gan, Chunfang; Liu, Zhiping; Lin, Qifu; Cui, Jianguo

    2015-01-01

    Steroidal compounds exhibit particular physiological activities. In this paper, some steroidal thiosemicarbazones platinum (Pt(II)) complexes were synthesized by the condensation of steroidal ketones with thiosemicarbazide using estrone, chenodeoxycholic acid, and 7-deoxycholic acid as starting materials and complexation of steroidal thiosesemicarbazones with Pt(II). The complexes were characterized by IR, NMR, and MS, and their antiproliferative activities were evaluated. The results showed that some steroidal thiosemicarbazones platinum (Pt(II)) complexes displayed moderate cytotoxicity to HeLa and Bel-7404 cells. Thereinto, complex 6 showed an excellent inhibited selectivity to HeLa cells with an IC50 value of 9.2??M and SI value of 21.7. At the same time, all compounds were almost inactive to HEK293T (normal kidney epithelial cells). The information obtained from the studies may be useful for the design of novel chemotherapeutic drugs. PMID:26635511

  9. Synthesis, activity and pharmacophore development for isatin-?-thiosemicarbazones with selective activity towards multidrug resistant cellsa

    PubMed Central

    Hall, Matthew D.; Salam, Noeris K.; Hellawell, Jennifer L.; Fales, Henry M.; Kensler, Caroline B.; Ludwig, Joseph A.; Szakacs, Gergely; Hibbs, David E.; Gottesman, Michael M.

    2009-01-01

    We have recently identified a new class of compounds that selectively kill cells that express P-glycoprotein (P-gp, MDR1), the ATPase efflux pump that confers multidrug resistance on cancer cells. Several isatin-?-thiosemicarbazones from our initial study have been validated, and a range of analogs synthesized and tested. A number demonstrated improved MDR1-selective activity over the lead, NSC73306 (1). Pharmacophores for cytotoxicity and MDR1-selectivity were generated to delineate the structural features required for activity. The MDR1-selective pharmacophore highlights the importance of aromatic/hydrophobic features at the N4 position of the thiosemicarbazone, and the reliance on the isatin moiety as key bioisosteric contributors. Additionally, a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) model that yielded a cross-validated correlation coefficient of 0.85 effectively predicts the cytotoxicty of untested thiosemicarbazones. Together, the models serve as effective approaches for predicting structures with MDR1-selective activity, and aid in directing the search for the mechanism of action of 1. PMID:19397322

  10. (E)-3,4-Dihydroxy­benzaldehyde 4-methyl­thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Farina, Yang; Simpson, Jim

    2008-01-01

    The title compound, C9H11N3O2S, adopts an E configuration with respect to the C=N bond. The mol­ecule is approximately planar, with an r.m.s. deviation from the mean plane through all 15 non-H atoms of 0.152?Å; the dihedral angle between the benzene ring plane and the least-squares plane through the thio­semicarbazone unit is 12.48?(7)°. A weak intra­molecular N—H?N inter­action contributes to the planarity of the semicarbazone unit. Centrosymmetric pairs of O—H?O and N—H?S hydrogen bonds form chains along c, generating R 2 2(10) and R 2 2(8) ring motifs, respectively. In the crystal structure, these chains are further linked by inter­molecular O—H?S and C—H?O inter­actions, forming stacks down the c axis. PMID:21581043

  11. Trace determination of low-molecular-mass substituted benzaldehydes in treated water using micro solid-phase extraction followed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometric detection.

    PubMed

    Fernández-Molina, José María; Silva, Manuel

    2013-07-26

    Aldehydes are a class of water disinfection by-products (DBPs) that are an object of special attention due to their high toxicity and carcinogenic effect. While aliphatic low-molecular-mass aldehydes (LMMAs) are often measured in waters, there is little information on the occurrence of aromatic LMMAs. This paper reports the development of a simple, rapid and sensitive method for the quantitative determination of six LMM substituted benzaldehydes (BAs) as DBPs in treated water. The method is based on the continuous in situ derivatisation/extraction of aldehydes on a Telos™ ENV ?-solid-phase extraction (?-SPE) column impregnated with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH). After elution of the hydrazones with acetonitrile (ACN), the derivatives are analysed using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Under optimum conditions, limits of detection (LODs) were obtained between 15 and 25ng/L and the inter-day precision expressed as the relative standard deviation (RSD) ranged from 6.1% to 7.7%. Matrix effects were shown to be negligible by comparing the response factors (RFs) obtained in ultra-pure and treated waters. The proposed method is the first contribution developed for the analysis of LMM substituted BAs as DBPs in waters by LC-MS. Some of the aromatic LMMAs identified had not previously been reported for swimming pool water. PMID:23768532

  12. (E)-3,4-Dihydroxy­benzaldehyde 4-ethyl­thio­semicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    Kayed, Safa’a Fares; Farina, Yang; Baba, Ibrahim; Simpson, Jim

    2008-01-01

    The title compound, C10H13N3O2S, was prepared by condensation of 3,4-dihydroxy­benzaldehyde with 4-ethyl-3-thio­semicarbazide. The mol­ecule adopts an E configuration with respect to the C=N bond. One of the OH substituents on the dihydroxy­benzene ring is disordered over the two possible 3-positions on either side of the ordered 4-hydr­oxy group. The occupancy of the major disorder component refined to 0.633?(7). The mol­ecule is essentially planar, with an r.m.s. deviation through all non-H atoms of 0.0862?Å. An intra­molecular N—H?N hydrogen bond forms between the outer amine residue and the imine N atom, generating an S(5) ring motif and contributing to the planarity of the mol­ecule. In the crystal structure, an extensive network of classical O—H?O, O—H?S and N—H?S hydrogen bonds and weak C—H?O and S?O [3.301?(3)?Å] inter­actions link mol­ecules into sheets running approximately parallel to the ab plane. PMID:21202314

  13. On the verification of binding modes of p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone with mercury(II). The solid state studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Trzesowska-Kruszynska, Agata

    2014-08-01

    Two coordination compounds of p-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone, fluorescent chemosensor, have been synthesised from the mercury(II) nitrate and mercury(II) chloride, and subsequently characterised by IR spectroscopy, thermal analysis, as well as single crystal X-ray diffraction technique. The inorganic anion has a distinct influence on binding mode of thiosemicarbazone ligand to Hg(II) ion. In both compounds the metal to ligand stoichiometry is 1:2 and the organic ligands coordinate to Hg ion in the neutral thione form, but they differ in a ligand binding mode and the conformation of the ligand. The crystal packing of mercury(II) nitrate complex with thiosemicarbazone is controlled by the mercury chelate ring-phenylene ring ?···? stacking interactions.

  14. Ligational behavior of thiosemicarbazone, semicarbazone and thiocarbohydrazone ligands towards VO(IV), Ce(III), Th(IV) and UO 2(VI) ions: Synthesis, structural characterization and biological studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shebl, M.; Seleem, H. S.; El-Shetary, B. A.

    2010-01-01

    Mono- and binuclear VO(IV), Ce(III), Th(IV) and UO 2(VI) complexes of thiosemicarbazone, semicarbazone and thiocarbohydrazone ligands derived from 4,6-diacetylresorcinol were synthesized. The structures of these complexes were elucidated by elemental analyses, IR, UV-vis, ESR, 1H NMR and mass spectra as well as conductivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements and thermal analyses. The thiosemicarbazone (H 4L 1) and the semicarbazone (H 4L 2) ligands behave as dibasic pentadentate ligands in case of VO(IV) and UO 2(VI) complexes, tribasic pentadentate in case of Ce(III) complexes and monobasic pentadentate in case of Th(IV) complexes. However, the thiocarbohydrazone ligand (H 3L 3) acts as a monobasic tridentate ligand in all complexes except the VO(IV) complex in which it acts as a dibasic tridentate ligand. The antibacterial and antifungal activities were also tested against Rhizobium bacteria and Fusarium-Oxysporium fungus. The metal complexes of H 4L 1 ligand showed a higher antibacterial effect than the free ligand while the other ligands (H 4L 2 and H 3L 3) showed a higher effect than their metal complexes. The antifungal effect of all metal complexes is lower than the free ligands.

  15. Synthesis and biological evaluation of (acyl)hydrazones and thiosemicarbazones obtained via in situ condensation of iminium salts with nitrogen-containing nucleophiles.

    PubMed

    Caneva, Chiara; Alfei, Silvana; De Maria, Monica; Ibba, Cristina; Delogu, Ilenia; Spallarossa, Andrea; Loddo, Roberta

    2015-11-01

    An unprecedented, highly convergent, high-yielding, one-pot synthesis of (acyl)hydrazones and thiosemicarbazones was carried out by the in situ condensation of isolable iminium chlorides of imidazolidin-2-(thio)one, tetrahydropyrimidin-2-thione and indole derivatives with nitrogen nucleophiles in the presence of a base. The developed reaction procedure is largely advantageous. It is highly parallelizable, no intermediates need to be isolated and minimal sample handling is required during the purification steps. Some relevant reaction parameters including reaction temperature and p[Formula: see text] of the base are discussed. NMR analysis was carried out to assess the stereochemistry of the obtained compounds. The stereochemical outcome of the reaction was found to be affected by the nature of the nitrogen-containing nucleophile being the majority of the derivatives isolated as single geometric isomers. The cytotoxicity and antiviral activities of the prepared compounds have been preliminary assessed. In cell-based screenings some of the derivatives proved to be cytotoxic at low micromolar concentrations and interesting anti-Reo-1 properties have been detected. PMID:26077842

  16. Coordination Chemistry of Polyaromatic Thiosemicarbazones 2: Synthesis and Biological Activity of Zinc, Cobalt, and Copper Complexes of 1-(Naphthalene-2-yl)ethanone Thiosemicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    LeBlanc, Marc-Andre; Gonzalez-Sarrías, Antonio; Beckford, Floyd A.; Mbarushimana, P. Canisius; Seeram, Navindra P.

    2012-01-01

    A novel thiosemicarbazone from 2-acetonaphthone (represented as acnTSC) has been synthesized and its basic coordination chemistry with zinc(II), cobalt(II), and copper(II) explored. The complexes were characterized by elemental analysis and various spectroscopic techniques and are best formulated as [M(acnTSC)2Cl2] with the metal likely in an octahedral environment. The anticancer activity of the complexes was determined against a panel of human colon cancer cells (HCT-116 and Caco-2). The compounds bind to DNA via an intercalative mode with binding constants of 9.7 × 104 M?1, 1.8 × 105 M?1, and 9.5 × 104 M?1 for the zinc, cobalt, and copper complexes, respectively. PMID:22303515

  17. Electrical Wiring of the Aldehyde Oxidoreductase PaoABC with a Polymer Containing Osmium Redox Centers: Biosensors for Benzaldehyde and GABA.

    PubMed

    Badalyan, Artavazd; Dierich, Marlen; Stiba, Konstanze; Schwuchow, Viola; Leimkühler, Silke; Wollenberger, Ulla

    2014-12-01

    Biosensors for the detection of benzaldehyde and ?-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are reported using aldehyde oxidoreductase PaoABC from Escherichia coli immobilized in a polymer containing bound low potential osmium redox complexes. The electrically connected enzyme already electrooxidizes benzaldehyde at potentials below -0.15 V (vs. Ag|AgCl, 1 M KCl). The pH-dependence of benzaldehyde oxidation can be strongly influenced by the ionic strength. The effect is similar with the soluble osmium redox complex and therefore indicates a clear electrostatic effect on the bioelectrocatalytic efficiency of PaoABC in the osmium containing redox polymer. At lower ionic strength, the pH-optimum is high and can be switched to low pH-values at high ionic strength. This offers biosensing at high and low pH-values. A "reagentless" biosensor has been formed with enzyme wired onto a screen-printed electrode in a flow cell device. The response time to addition of benzaldehyde is 30 s, and the measuring range is between 10-150 µM and the detection limit of 5 µM (signal to noise ratio 3:1) of benzaldehyde. The relative standard deviation in a series (n = 13) for 200 µM benzaldehyde is 1.9%. For the biosensor, a response to succinic semialdehyde was also identified. Based on this response and the ability to work at high pH a biosensor for GABA is proposed by coimmobilizing GABA-aminotransferase (GABA-T) and PaoABC in the osmium containing redox polymer. PMID:25587431

  18. Polymer characterization and optimization of conditions for the enhanced bioproduction of benzaldehyde by Pichia pastoris in a two-phase partitioning bioreactor.

    PubMed

    Craig, Tom; Daugulis, Andrew J

    2013-04-01

    Benzaldehyde, with its apricot and almond-like aroma, is the second most abundantly used molecule in the flavor industry, and is most commonly produced via chemical routes, such as by the oxidation of toluene. Biologically produced benzaldehyde, whether by extraction of plant material or via microbial biotransformation, commands a substantial price advantage, and greater consumer acceptance. Methylotrophic yeast, such as Pichia pastoris, contain the enzyme alcohol oxidase (AOX), which, in the presence of alcohols other than methanol, are able to yield aldehydes as dead-end products, for example, benzaldehyde from benzyl alcohol. In this work, we have determined that benzaldehyde, and not benzyl alcohol, is inhibitory to the transformation reaction by P. pastoris, prompting the development of a selection strategy for identifying sequestering polymers for use in a partitioning bioreactor that was based on the ratio of partition coefficients (PCs) for the two target molecules. Additionally, we have now confirmed for the first time, that the mechanism of solute uptake by amorphous polymers is via absorption, not adsorption. Finally, we have adopted a common strategy used for the production of heterologous proteins by P. pastoris, namely the use of a mixed methanol/glycerol feed for inducing the required AOX enzyme, while reducing the time required for high density biomass generation. All of these components were combined in a final experiment in which 10% of the polymer Kraton D1102K, whose PC ratio of benzaldehyde to benzyl alcohol was 14.9, was used to detoxify the biotransformation in a 5 L partitioning bioreactor, resulting in a 3.4-fold increase in benzaldehyde produced (14.4 g vs. 4.2 g) relative to single phase operation, at more than double the volumetric productivity (97 mg L(-1) h(-1) vs. 41 mg L(-1) h(-1) ). PMID:23124524

  19. Evaluation of benzaldehyde derivatives from Morinda officinalis as anti-mite agents with dual function as acaricide and mite indicator

    PubMed Central

    Yang, Ji-Yeon; Kim, Min-Gi; Park, Jun-Hwan; Hong, Seong-Tshool; Lee, Hoi-Seon

    2014-01-01

    Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease caused by SFTS virus with 12–30% fatality rate. Despite severity of the disease, any medication or treatment for SFTS has not developed yet. One approach to prevent SFTS spreading is to control the arthropod vector carrying SFTS virus. We report that 2–methylbenzaldehyde analogues from M. officinalis have a dual function as acaricide against Dermatophagoides spp. and Haemaphysalis longicornis and indicator (color change) against Dermatophagoides spp. Based on the LD50 values, 2,4,5–trimethylbenzaldehyde (0.21, 0.19, and 0.68??g/cm3) had the highest fumigant activity against D. farinae, D. pteronyssinus, and H. longicornis, followed by 2,3–dimethylbenzaldehyde (0.46, 0.44, and 0.79??g/cm3), 2,4–dimethylbenzaldehyde (0.66, 0.59, and 0.95??g/cm3), 2,5–dimethylbenzaldehyde (0.65, 0.68, and 0.88??g/cm3), 2–methylbenzaldehyde (0.95, 0.87, and 1.28??g/cm3), 3–methylbenzaldehyde (0.99, 0.93, and 1.38??g/cm3), 4–methylbenzaldehyde (1.17, 1.15, and 3.67??g/cm3), and M. officinalis oil (7.05, 7.00, and 19.70??g/cm3). Furthermore, color alteration of Dermatophagoides spp. was shown to be induced, from colorless to dark brown, by the treatment of 2,3–dihydroxybenzaldehyde. These finding indicated that 2–methylbenzaldehyde analogues could be developed as functional agent associated with the arthropod vector of SFTS virus and allergen. PMID:25434408

  20. Mononuclear ruthenium(III) complexes containing chelating thiosemicarbazones: Synthesis, characterization and catalytic property

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Raja, N.; Ramesh, R.

    2010-02-01

    Mononuclear ruthenium(III) complexes of the type [RuX(EPh 3) 2(L)] (E = P or As; X = Cl or Br; L = dibasic terdentate dehydroacetic acid thiosemicarbazones) have been synthesized from the reaction of thiosemicarbazone ligands with ruthenium(III) precursors, [RuX 3(EPh 3) 3] (where E = P, X = Cl; E = As, X = Cl or Br) and [RuBr 3(PPh 3) 2(CH 3OH)] in benzene. The compositions of the complexes have been established by elemental analysis, magnetic susceptibility measurement, FT-IR, UV-vis and EPR spectral data. These complexes are paramagnetic and show intense d-d and charge transfer transitions in dichloromethane. The complexes show rhombic EPR spectra at LNT which are typical of low-spin distorted octahedral ruthenium(III) species. All the complexes are redox active and display an irreversible metal centered redox processes. Complex [RuCl(PPh 3) 2(DHA-PTSC)] ( 5) was used as catalyst for transfer hydrogenation of ketones in the presence of isopropanol/KOH and was found to be the active species.

  1. A thiosemicarbazone ligand functionalized by a phosphine group: reactivity toward coinage metal ions.

    PubMed

    Castiñeiras, Alfonso; Pedrido, Rosa

    2010-04-21

    The reactivity of the phosphino-thiosemicarbazone ligand 2-(2-(diphenylphosphino)benzylidene)-N-ethylthiosemicarbazone (HLPEt) toward M(I) halides (M = Cu, Ag, Au) was studied. The complexes obtained, with formulae [Cu(HLPEt)(2)]Br (1), [Cu(HLPEt)(2)]I.2H(2)O (2), [Ag(HLPEt)(LPEt)].3H(2)O (3), [Au(2)(HLPEt)(2)Cl]Cl.CH(3)OH (4) were satisfactorily characterized by elemental analysis, IR, ESI and (1)H/(31)P NMR. Moreover, we have obtained the crystal structure of the ligand HLPEt and its sulfide oxidized form HLP(S)Et, which represents a new case of desulfurization process in thiosemicarbazone ligands. In addition, we present the crystal structure of the complexes 1 + H(2)O + 3MeOH and [Au(2)(HLPEt)(4)Cl]Cl.3CH(3)OH (5), together with their interesting crystal packing. The complex 5 is an interesting case of a pseudo-chloronium gold(I) complex. The ligand HLPEt and the complexes 3 and 4 display intense luminescence at room temperature. PMID:20354611

  2. Vanadium(IV/V) complexes of Triapine and related thiosemicarbazones: Synthesis, solution equilibrium and bioactivity.

    PubMed

    Kowol, Christian R; Nagy, Nóra V; Jakusch, Tamás; Roller, Alexander; Heffeter, Petra; Keppler, Bernhard K; Enyedy, Éva A

    2015-11-01

    The stoichiometry and thermodynamic stability of vanadium(IV/V) complexes of Triapine and two related ?(N)-heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones (TSCs) with potential antitumor activity have been determined by pH-potentiometry, EPR and (51)V NMR spectroscopy in 30% (w/w) dimethyl sulfoxide/water solvent mixtures. In all cases, mono-ligand complexes in different protonation states were identified. Dimethylation of the terminal amino group resulted in the formation of vanadium(IV/V) complexes with considerably higher stability. Three of the most stable complexes were also synthesized in solid state and comprehensively characterized. The biological evaluation of the synthesized vanadium complexes in comparison to the metal-free ligands in different human cancer cell lines revealed only minimal influence of the metal ion. Thus, in addition the coordination ability of salicylaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (STSC) to vanadium(IV/V) ions was investigated. The exchange of the pyridine nitrogen of the ?(N)-heterocyclic TSCs to a phenolate oxygen in STSC significantly increased the stability of the complexes in solution. Finally, this also resulted in increased cytotoxicity activity of a vanadium(V) complex of STSC compared to the metal-free ligand. PMID:26349014

  3. Lewis acid-catalyzed redox-neutral amination of 2-(3-pyrroline-1-yl)benzaldehydes via intramolecular [1,5]-hydride shift/isomerization reaction

    PubMed Central

    Jiang, Chun-Huan; Lei, Xiantao; Zhen, Le; Du, Hong-Jin; Wen, Xiaoan

    2014-01-01

    Summary Lewis acid-catalyzed redox-neutral amination of 2-(3-pyrroline-1-yl)benzaldehydes via intramolcular [1,5]-hydride shift/isomerization reaction has been realized, using the inherent reducing power of 3-pyrrolines. A series of N-arylpyrrole containing amines are obtained in high yields. PMID:25550755

  4. Flow Injection Analysis of Mercury Using 4-(Dimethylamino) Benzaldehyde-4-Ethylthiosemicarbazone as the Ionophore of a Coated Wire Electrode

    PubMed Central

    Tahir, Tara F.; Salhin, Abdussalam; Ghani, Sulaiman Ab

    2012-01-01

    A flow injection analysis (FIA) incorporating a thiosemicarbazone-based coated wire electrode (CWE) was developed method for the determination of mercury(II). A 0.1 M KNO3 carrier stream with pH between 1 and 5 and flow rate of 1 mL·min?1 were used as optimum parameters. A linear plot within the concentration range of 5 × 10?6–0.1 M Hg(II), slope of 27.8 ± 1 mV per decade and correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.984 were obtained. The system was successfully applied for the determination of mercury(II) in dental amalgam solutions and spiked environmental water samples. Highly reproducible measurements with relative standard deviation (RSD < 1% (n = 3)) were obtained, giving a typical throughput of 30 samples·h?1. PMID:23202196

  5. Flow injection analysis of mercury using 4-(dimethylamino) benzaldehyde-4-ethylthiosemicarbazone as the ionophore of a coated wire electrode.

    PubMed

    Tahir, Tara F; Salhin, Abdussalam; Ab Ghani, Sulaiman

    2012-01-01

    A flow injection analysis (FIA) incorporating a thiosemicarbazone-based coated wire electrode (CWE) was developed method for the determination of mercury(II). A 0.1 M KNO(3) carrier stream with pH between 1 and 5 and flow rate of 1 mL·min(-1) were used as optimum parameters. A linear plot within the concentration range of 5 × 10(-6)–0.1 M Hg(II), slope of 27.8 ± 1 mV per decade and correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.984 were obtained. The system was successfully applied for the determination of mercury(II) in dental amalgam solutions and spiked environmental water samples. Highly reproducible measurements with relative standard deviation (RSD < 1% (n = 3)) were obtained, giving a typical throughput of 30 samples·h(-1). PMID:23202196

  6. Age-dependent antileukemic action and suppression of immune response by 1,4-benzoquinone-guanylhydrazone-thiosemicarbazone (ambazone) in mice.

    PubMed

    Baumgart, J; Wisniewski, H G; Amlacher, R; Zhukovskaya, N V; Rentz, E

    1989-01-01

    The antineoplastic activity of 1,4-benzoquinone-guanylhydrazone-thiosemicarbazone (ambazone) against murine leukemia P388 was found to be markedly reduced in 12- and 18-month-old mice as compared to young animals. The immune response against sheep red blood cells (SRBC), a T cell-dependent antigen, was also strongly diminished in tumor-free old mice and was further suppressed after ambazone treatment. Since the antileukemic effect of ambazone disappeared more or less in congenitally athymic nude mice, in neonatally thymectomized or silica-pretreated animals, it has been concluded that the action of the compound seems to be limited to young adult immunocompetent tumor-bearing hosts. Therefore immunosenescence, primarily of T cell functions of old tumor-bearers, may represent a decisive factor influencing the antileukemic, especially curative effect of ambazone in aged animals. A combined treatment with ambazone and immunomodulators (thymalin or a splenopentin derivative) failed to improve the antileukemic effect in young and old leukemia P388-bearing mice. PMID:2770926

  7. Rotational Spectrum and Large Amplitude Motions of 3,4-, 2,5- and 3,5-DIMETHYL-BENZALDEHYDE

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kleiner, I.; Tudorie, M.; Jahn, M.; Grabow, J.-U.; Goubet, M.

    2012-06-01

    The microwave spectra of the 3,4-, 2,5- and 3,5-Dimethyl-Benzaldehyde (DMBA) molecules have been recorded for the first time in the 2-26.5 GHz frequency range, using the COBRA-FTMW spectrometer in Hannover, with an instrumental uncertainty of 0.5 kHz for unblended lines. The experimental assignments and fits are supplemented by ab initio quantum chemical calculations,conformational energy landscape, and dipole moment components. The analysis of the spectra for the three isomers are in progress. The latest results, including spectroscopic constants and large amplitude motion parameters, will be presented. This investigation follows the study of the spectra of the 4-Methyl-Benzaldehyde molecule. The DMBA isomers belong to a similar series of molecules formally obtained by adding a second methyl group at the aromatic ring. These molecules serve as prototype systems for the development of the theoretical model of asymmetric top molecules having Cs symmetry while containing two inequivalent methyl tops (C3v), exhibiting different barrier heights and coupling terms to methyl internal rotation. Thus, the DMBA isomers represent benchmark species for testing the two-top internal rotors BELGI program written recently. Supported by the ANR-08-BLAN-0054 contract (France), the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, and the Land Niedersachsen (Germany). H. Saal, W. Caminati, I. Kleiner, A. R. Hight-Walker, J. T. Hougen, J.-U. Grabow, to be published. M. Tudorie, I. Kleiner, J. T. Hougen, S. Melandri, L. W. Sutikdja, W. Stahl, J. Mol. Spectrosc., 269 (2011), 211-225

  8. 1-Arylmethyl-2,3-dioxo-2,3-dihydroindole thiosemicarbazones as leads for developing cytotoxins and anticonvulsants.

    PubMed

    Karki, Subhas S; Bahaduria, Vivek Singh; Rana, Vivek; Kumar, Sujeet; Subbaro, Prasanna G; Das, Umashankar; Balzarini, Jan; De Clercq, Erik; Dimmock, Jonathan R

    2009-04-01

    Various substituted 1-arylmethyl-2,3-dioxo-2,3-dihydroindole thiosemicarbazones 3a-h, 1-benzyl-2,3-dioxo-2,3-dihydroindole N(4)-aryl thiosemicarbazones 4a-i and 1-benzyl-2,3-dioxy-2,3-dihydroindole N(4)-cyclohexylthiocarbazone 5 were synthesized. All of these compounds were evaluated against human Molt 4/C8 and CEM T-lymphocytes as well as murine L1210 leukemia cells. Nearly 40% of these compounds possess low micromolar IC(50) values and some are either more potent than, or equipotent with, melphalan. Various correlations between the structures of these compounds and cytotoxic potencies were obtained which included the use of QSAR and molecular modeling techniques. Representative compounds displayed anticonvulsant properties in rats and were well tolerated by these animals. The encouraging biodata noted affords adequate rationale for outlining guidelines for further development of these molecular scaffolds. PMID:18608748

  9. [Antineoplastic and curative antileukemic activity of 1,4-benzoquinone guanylhydrazone thiosemicarbazone and its hydrochloride on in vivo murine models].

    PubMed

    Gutsche, W; Schulze, W; Jungstand, W; Wohlrabe, K

    1983-02-01

    By means of four murine models, the authors demonstrated in vivo that 1,4-benzoquinone guanylhydrazone thiosemicarbazone (1), which is known to be antimicrobially active, and its hydrochloride (2) exert an antineoplastic effect. In leukaemia P 388 and leukaemia L 1210 both compounds had a curative action already after four oral administrations. The "cured" animals were resistant or cross-resistant to further transmissions of leukaemia. The resistance was transmissible by splenocytes. PMID:6856662

  10. Crystal structure and photochromism of 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzyl-5-one-pyrazole S-methyl thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Lang; Jia, Dian-zeng; Ji, Ya-li; Yu, Kai-bei

    2003-07-01

    A new organic photochromic compound containing pyrazolone-ring photochromic functional unit: 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzyl-5-one pyrazole S-methyl thiosemicarbazone (PMBP-smtsc) was synthesized. The photochromic properties and photochemical kinetics of PMBP-smtsc have been studied by UV reflectance spectra under irradiation of 365 nm light. The crystal structure analyses of photocolored product show the photochromism is due to the photoisomerization from enol form to keto form through an intermolecular proton transfer.

  11. G2/M Cell Cycle Arrest and Tumor Selective Apoptosis of Acute Leukemia Cells by a Promising Benzophenone Thiosemicarbazone Compound

    PubMed Central

    Cabrera, Maia; Gomez, Natalia; Remes Lenicov, Federico; Echeverría, Emiliana; Shayo, Carina; Moglioni, Albertina; Fernández, Natalia; Davio, Carlos

    2015-01-01

    Anti-mitotic therapies have been considered a hallmark in strategies against abnormally proliferating cells. Focusing on the extensively studied family of thiosemicarbazone (TSC) compounds, we have previously identified 4,4’-dimethoxybenzophenone thiosemicarbazone (T44Bf) as a promising pharmacological compound in a panel of human leukemia cell lines (HL60, U937, KG1a and Jurkat). Present findings indicate that T44Bf-mediated antiproliferative effects are associated with a reversible chronic mitotic arrest caused by defects in chromosome alignment, followed by induced programmed cell death. Furthermore, T44Bf selectively induces apoptosis in leukemia cell lines when compared to normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The underlying mechanism of action involves the activation of the mitochondria signaling pathway, with loss of mitochondrial membrane potential and sustained phosphorylation of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-xL as well as increased Bcl-2 (enhanced phosphorylated fraction) and pro-apoptotic protein Bad levels. In addition, ERK signaling pathway activation was found to be a requisite for T44Bf apoptotic activity. Our findings further describe a novel activity for a benzophenone thiosemicarbazone and propose T44Bf as a promising anti-mitotic prototype to develop chemotherapeutic agents to treat acute leukemia malignancies. PMID:26360247

  12. Synthesis, Characterization, Electrochemical Studies, and In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Novel Thiosemicarbazone and Its Cu(II), Ni(II), and Co(II) Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Salman A.; Asiri, Abdullah M.; Al-Amry, Khalid; Malik, Maqsood Ahmad

    2014-01-01

    Metal complexes were prepared by the reaction of thiosemicarbazone with CuCl2, NiCl2, CoCl2, Cu(OAc)2, Ni(OAc)2, and Co(OAc)2. The thiosemicarbazone coordinates to metal through the thionic sulfur and the azomethine nitrogen. The thiosemicarbazone was obtained by the thiosemicarbazide with 3-acetyl-2,5-dimethylthiophene. The identities of these compounds were elucidated by IR, 1H, 13C-NMR, and GC-MS spectroscopic methods and elemental analyses. The antibacterial activity of these compounds was first tested in vitro by the disc diffusion assay against two Gram-positive and two Gram-negative bacteria, and then the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined by using chloramphenicol as reference drug. The results showed that compound 1.1 is better inhibitor of both types of tested bacteria as compared to chloramphenicol. PMID:24523641

  13. Suitable combination of promoter and micellar catalyst for kilo fold rate acceleration on benzaldehyde to benzoic acid conversion in aqueous media at room temperature: A kinetic approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ghosh, Aniruddha; Saha, Rumpa; Ghosh, Sumanta K.; Mukherjee, Kakali; Saha, Bidyut

    2013-05-01

    The kinetics of oxidation of benzaldehyde by chromic acid in aqueous and aqueous surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS, alkyl phenyl polyethylene glycol, Triton X-100 and N-cetylpyridinium chloride, CPC) media have been investigated in the presence of promoter at 303 K. The pseudo-first-order rate constants (kobs) were determined from a logarithmic plot of absorbance as a function time. The rate constants were found to increase with introduction of heteroaromatic nitrogen base promoters such as Picolinic acid (PA), 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen). The product benzoic acid has been characterized by conventional melting point experiment, NMR, HRMS and FTIR spectral analysis. The mechanism of both unpromoted and promoted reaction path has been proposed for the reaction. In presence of the anionic surfactant SDS, cationic surfactant CPC and neutral surfactant TX-100 the reaction can undergo simultaneously in both aqueous and micellar phase with an enhanced rate of oxidation in the micellar phase. Both SDS and TX-100 produce normal micellar effect whereas CPC produce reverse micellar effect in the presence of benzaldehyde. The observed net enhancement of rate effects has been explained by considering the hydrophobic and electrostatic interaction between the surfactants and reactants. SDS and bipy combination is the suitable one for benzaldehyde oxidation.

  14. Suitable combination of promoter and micellar catalyst for kilo fold rate acceleration on benzaldehyde to benzoic acid conversion in aqueous media at room temperature: a kinetic approach.

    PubMed

    Ghosh, Aniruddha; Saha, Rumpa; Ghosh, Sumanta K; Mukherjee, Kakali; Saha, Bidyut

    2013-05-15

    The kinetics of oxidation of benzaldehyde by chromic acid in aqueous and aqueous surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulfate, SDS, alkyl phenyl polyethylene glycol, Triton X-100 and N-cetylpyridinium chloride, CPC) media have been investigated in the presence of promoter at 303 K. The pseudo-first-order rate constants (kobs) were determined from a logarithmic plot of absorbance as a function time. The rate constants were found to increase with introduction of heteroaromatic nitrogen base promoters such as Picolinic acid (PA), 2,2'-bipyridine (bipy) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen). The product benzoic acid has been characterized by conventional melting point experiment, NMR, HRMS and FTIR spectral analysis. The mechanism of both unpromoted and promoted reaction path has been proposed for the reaction. In presence of the anionic surfactant SDS, cationic surfactant CPC and neutral surfactant TX-100 the reaction can undergo simultaneously in both aqueous and micellar phase with an enhanced rate of oxidation in the micellar phase. Both SDS and TX-100 produce normal micellar effect whereas CPC produce reverse micellar effect in the presence of benzaldehyde. The observed net enhancement of rate effects has been explained by considering the hydrophobic and electrostatic interaction between the surfactants and reactants. SDS and bipy combination is the suitable one for benzaldehyde oxidation. PMID:23501718

  15. [The synthesis and biologic activity of analogs of 1,4-benzoquinone-guanylhydrazone-thiosemicarbazone. 2. Substitution at the quinone ring by alkyl groups].

    PubMed

    Schulze, W; Gutsche, W; Wohlrabe, K; Tresselt, D; Horn, G; Fleck, W

    1986-02-01

    Because of the anticancer activity of 1,4-benzoquinone-guanylhydrazone-thiosemicarbazone (1a) some analogues were synthesized, containing alkyl groups at the quinone moiety. If necessary, the structure of the obtained compounds was confirmed by 1H-NMR-spectroscopy. The anticancer and the antibacterial activities were investigated. The guanylhydrazone-thiosemicarbazones of tolu-,p-xylo-and thymo-quinone showed much lower activities not only against the murine leukemias L 1210 and P 388, but also against Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6633. No correlation could be found between the biological activity and the redox potential. PMID:3725863

  16. Role of Metalation in the Topoisomerase II? Inhibition and Antiproliferation Activity of a Series of ?-Heterocyclic-N4-Substituted Thiosemicarbazones and Their Cu(II) Complexes

    PubMed Central

    Zeglis, Brian M.; Divilov, Vadim; Lewis, Jason S.

    2014-01-01

    The topoisomerase-II? inhibition and antiproliferative activity of ?-heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones and their corresponding copper(II) complexes have been investigated. The CuII(thiosemicarbazonato)Cl complexes were shown to catalytically inhibit topoisomerase-II? at concentrations (0.3–7.2 ?M) over an order of magnitude lower than their corresponding thiosemicarbazone ligands alone. The copper complexes were also shown to inhibit the proliferation of breast cancer cells expressing high levels of topoisomerase-II? (SK-BR-3) at lower concentrations than cells expressing lower levels of the enzyme (MCF-7). PMID:21391686

  17. A laccase of Fomes durissimus MTCC-1173 and its role in the conversion of methylbenzene to benzaldehyde.

    PubMed

    Sahay, R; Yadav, R S S; Yadava, Sudha; Yadav, K D S

    2012-02-01

    A laccase has been purified from the liquid culture growth medium containing bagasse particles of Fomes durissimus. The method involved concentration of the culture filtrate by ultrafiltration and anion exchange chromatography on diethyl aminoethyl cellulose. The sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis both gave single protein band indicating that the enzyme preparation was pure. The molecular mass of the purified laccase determined from SDS-PAGE analysis was 75 kDa. Using 2,6-dimethoxyphenol as the substrate, the determined K (m) and k (cat) values of the laccase are 182 ?M and 0.35 s(-1), respectively, giving a k (cat)/K (m) value of 1.92?×?10(3) M(-1)?s(-1). The pH and temperature optimum were 4.0 and 35 °C, respectively. The purified laccase has yellow colour and does not show absorption band around 610 nm found in blue laccases. Moreover, it transformed methylbenzene to benzaldehyde in the absence of mediator molecules, property exhibited by yellow laccases. PMID:22081331

  18. Using heavy atom rare gas matrix to control the reactivity of 4-methoxybenzaldehyde: A comparison with benzaldehyde

    SciTech Connect

    Kus, Nihal; Sharma, Archna; Reva, Igor; Fausto, Rui; Lapinski, Leszek

    2012-04-14

    Different patterns of photochemical behavior were observed for 4-methoxybenzaldehyde (p-anisaldehyde) isolated in xenon and in argon matrices. Monomers of the compound isolated in solid Xe decarbonylate upon middle ultraviolet irradiation, yielding methoxybenzene (anisole), and CO. On the other hand, p-anisaldehyde isolated in an Ar matrix and subjected to identical irradiation, predominantly isomerizes to the closed-ring isomeric ketene (4-methoxycyclohexa-2,4-dien-1-ylidene) methanone. Experimental detection of a closed-ring ketene photoproduct, generated from an aromatic aldehyde, constitutes a rare observation. The difference between the patterns of photochemical transformations of p-anisaldehyde isolated in argon and xenon environments can be attributed to the external heavy-atom effect, where xenon enhances the rate of intersystem crossing from the singlet to the triplet manifold in which decarbonylation (via p-methoxybenzoyl radical) takes place. The parent compound, benzaldehyde, decarbonylates (to benzene + CO) when subjected to middle ultraviolet irradiation in both argon and xenon matrices. This demonstrates the role of the methoxy p-anisaldehyde substituent in activation of the reaction channel leading to the formation of the ketene photoproduct.

  19. A nanoporous 3D zinc(II) metal-organic framework for selective absorption of benzaldehyde and formaldehyde

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moradpour, Tahereh; Abbasi, Alireza; Van Hecke, Kristof

    2015-08-01

    A new 3D nanoporous metal-organic framework (MOF), [[Zn4O(C24H15N6O6)2(H2O)2]·6H2O·DMF]n (1) based on 4,4?,4?-s-triazine-1,3,5-triyltri-p-aminobenzoate (TATAB) ligand was solvothermally synthesized and characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), infrared spectroscopy (IR) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analyses. X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis reveals that 1 exhibits a 3D network with new kvh1 topology. Semi-empirical (AM1) calculations were carried out to obtain stable conformers for TATAB ligand. In addition, the absorption of two typical aldehydes (benzaldehyde and formaldehyde) in the presence of 1 was investigated and the effect of the aldehyde concentration, exposure time and temperature was studied. It was found that compound 1 has a potential for the absorption of aldehydes under mild conditions.

  20. Iron chelators in photodynamic therapy revisited: synergistic effect by novel highly active thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Mrozek-Wilczkiewicz, Anna; Serda, Maciej; Musiol, Robert; Malecki, Grzegorz; Szurko, Agnieszka; Muchowicz, Angelika; Golab, Jakub; Ratuszna, Alicja; Polanski, Jaroslaw

    2014-04-10

    In photodynamic therapy (PDT), a noninvasive anticancer treatment, visible light, is used as a magic bullet selectively destroying cancer cells by a photosensitizer that is nontoxic in the dark. Protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) is a natural photosensitizer synthesized in the cell, which is also a chelating agent that if bonded to Fe(2+) forms heme, a central component of hemoglobin. Therefore, xenobiotic iron chelators can disturb iron homeostasis, increasing the accumulation of PpIX, obstructing the last step of heme biosynthesis, and enhancing PDT efficiency. However, the attempts to use this promising idea have not proved to be hugely successful. Herein, we revisited this issue by analyzing the application of iron chelators highly toxic in the dark, which should have higher Fe(2+) affinity than the nontoxic chelators used so far. We have designed and prepared thiosemicarbazones (TSC) with the highest dark cellular cytotoxicity among TSCs ever reported. We demonstrate that compound 2 exerts powerful PDT enhancement when used in combination with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), a precursor of PpIX. PMID:24900837

  1. Structural and biological evaluation of some metal complexes of vanillin-4N-(2-pyridyl) thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yousef, T. A.; Abu El-Reash, G. M.; Al-Jahdali, M.; El-Rakhawy, El-Bastawesy R.

    2013-12-01

    The synthesis and characterization of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Hg(II) and U(VI)O2 complexes of vanillin-4N-(2-pyridyl) thiosemicarbazone (H2PVT) are reported. Theoretical calculations have been performed to obtain IR spectra of ligand and its complexes using AM1, Zindo/1, MM+ and PM3, methods. The Schiff base and its metal complexes have been screened for antibacterial Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus saprophyticus. H2VPT shows no apparent digestion effect on the egg albumin while Mn(II), Hg(II) and Cu(II) complexes exhibited a considerable digestion effect following the order Cu(II) > Mn(II) > Hg(II). Moreover, Ni(II) and Co(II) complexes revealed strong digestion effect. Fe(II), Mn(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Ni(II) acted as metal co- SOD enzyme factors, which are located in different compartments of the cell.

  2. Crystal structures of crotonaldehyde semicarbazone and crotonaldehyde thiosemicarbazone from X-ray powder diffraction data.

    PubMed

    Arfan, Atef; Rukiah, Mwaffak

    2015-02-01

    Crotonaldehyde semicarbazone {systematic name: (E)-2-[(E)-but-2-en-1-yl-idene]hydrazinecarboxamide}, C5H9N3O, (I), and crotonaldehyde thio-semi-carba-zone {systematic name: (E)-2-[(E)-but-2-en-1-yldene]hydra-zinecarbo--thio-amide}, C5H9N3S, (II), show the same E conformation around the imine C=N bond. Compounds (I) and (II) were obtained by the condensation of crotonaldehyde with semicarbazide hydro-chloride and thio-semicarbazide, respectively. Each mol-ecule has an intra-molecular N-H?N hydrogen bond, which generates an S(5) ring. In (I), the crotonaldehyde fragment is twisted by 2.59?(5)° from the semicarbazide mean plane, while in (II) the corresponding angle (with the thio-semicarbazide mean plane) is 9.12?(5)°. The crystal packing is different in the two compounds: in (I) inter-molecular N-H?O hydrogen bonds link the mol-ecules into layers parallel to the bc plane, while weak inter-molecular N-H?S hydrogen bonds in (II) link the mol-ecules into chains propagating in [110]. PMID:25878810

  3. Study on the Interaction between Isatin-?-Thiosemicarbazone and Calf Thymus DNA by Spectroscopic Techniques

    PubMed Central

    Pakravan, Parvaneh; Masoudian, Shahla

    2015-01-01

    The interaction between isatin-?-thiosemicarbazone (IBT) and calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) was investigated in physiological buffer (pH 7.4) using Neutral Red (NR) dye as a spectral probe by UV–Vis absorption and ?uorescence spectroscopy, as well as viscosity measurements. The IBT is stabilized by intercalation in the DNA (K [IBT –DNA] = 1.03×105 M?1), and displaces the NR dye from the NR–DNA complex. The binding constants Kf and number of binding sites (n?1) of IBT with DNA were obtained by fluorescence quenching method at different temperatures. Furthermore, the enthalpy and entropy of the reaction between IBT and CT-DNA showed that the reaction is enthalpy-favored and entropy-disfavored. The changes in the base stacking of CT-DNA upon the binding of IBT are reflected in the circular dichroic (CD) spectral studies. The viscosity increase of CT-DNA solution is another evidence to indicate that, IBT is able to be intercalated in the DNA base pairs. PMID:25561917

  4. Ruthenium (II) complexes of thiosemicarbazone: synthesis, biosensor applications and evaluation as antimicrobial agents.

    PubMed

    Yildirim, Hatice; Guler, Emine; Yavuz, Murat; Ozturk, Nurdan; Kose Yaman, Pelin; Subasi, Elif; Sahin, Elif; Timur, Suna

    2014-11-01

    A conformationally rigid half-sandwich organoruthenium (II) complex [(?(6)-p-cymene)RuClTSC(N-S)]Cl, (1) and carbonyl complex [Ru(CO)Cl(PPh3)2TSC(N-S)] (2) have been synthesized from the reaction of [{(?(6)-p-cymene)RuCl}2(?-Cl)2] and [Ru(H)(Cl)(CO)(PPh3)3] with thiophene-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazon (TSC) respectively and both novel ruthenium (II) complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and NMR spectroscopy. The peripheral TSC in the complexes acts as an electrochemical coupling unit providing the ability to carry out electrochemical deposition (ED) and to form an electro-deposited film on a graphite electrode surface. The biosensing applicability of complexes 1 and 2 was investigated by using glucose oxidase (GOx) as a model enzyme. Electrochemical measurements at -0.9V versus Ag/AgCl electrode by following the ED Ru(II) reduction/oxidation due to from the enzyme activity, in the presence of glucose substrate. The designed biosensor showed a very good linearity for 0.01-0.5mM glucose. The in vitro antimicrobial activities of complexes 1 and 2 were also investigated against nine bacterial strains and one fungus by the disc diffusion test method. No activity was observed against the Gram-negative strains and fungus, whereas complex 1 showed moderate antibacterial activities against Gram-positive bacterial strains. PMID:25280673

  5. Crystal structures of crotonaldehyde semicarbazone and crotonaldehyde thiosemicarbazone from X-ray powder diffraction data

    PubMed Central

    Arfan, Atef; Rukiah, Mwaffak

    2015-01-01

    Crotonaldehyde semicarbazone {systematic name: (E)-2-[(E)-but-2-en-1-yl­idene]hydrazinecarboxamide}, C5H9N3O, (I), and crotonaldehyde thio­semi­carba­zone {systematic name: (E)-2-[(E)-but-2-en-1-yldene]hydra­zinecarbo­­thio­amide}, C5H9N3S, (II), show the same E conformation around the imine C=N bond. Compounds (I) and (II) were obtained by the condensation of crotonaldehyde with semicarbazide hydro­chloride and thio­semicarbazide, respectively. Each mol­ecule has an intra­molecular N—H?N hydrogen bond, which generates an S(5) ring. In (I), the crotonaldehyde fragment is twisted by 2.59?(5)° from the semicarbazide mean plane, while in (II) the corresponding angle (with the thio­semicarbazide mean plane) is 9.12?(5)°. The crystal packing is different in the two compounds: in (I) inter­molecular N—H?O hydrogen bonds link the mol­ecules into layers parallel to the bc plane, while weak inter­molecular N—H?S hydrogen bonds in (II) link the mol­ecules into chains propagating in [110]. PMID:25878810

  6. Identification of Semicarbazones, Thiosemicarbazones and Triazine Nitriles as Inhibitors of Leishmania mexicana Cysteine Protease CPB

    PubMed Central

    Schröder, Jörg; Noack, Sandra; Marhöfer, Richard J.; Mottram, Jeremy C.; Coombs, Graham H.; Selzer, Paul M.

    2013-01-01

    Cysteine proteases of the papain superfamily are present in nearly all eukaryotes. They play pivotal roles in the biology of parasites and inhibition of cysteine proteases is emerging as an important strategy to combat parasitic diseases such as sleeping sickness, Chagas’ disease and leishmaniasis. Homology modeling of the mature Leishmania mexicana cysteine protease CPB2.8 suggested that it differs significantly from bovine cathepsin B and thus could be a good drug target. High throughput screening of a compound library against this enzyme and bovine cathepsin B in a counter assay identified four novel inhibitors, containing the warhead-types semicarbazone, thiosemicarbazone and triazine nitrile, that can be used as leads for antiparasite drug design. Covalent docking experiments confirmed the SARs of these lead compounds in an effort to understand the structural elements required for specific inhibition of CPB2.8. This study has provided starting points for the design of selective and highly potent inhibitors of L. mexicana cysteine protease CPB that may also have useful efficacy against other important cysteine proteases. PMID:24146999

  7. Synthesis and biological evaluation of some new N(4)-substituted isatin-3-thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Pervez, Humayun; Chohan, Zahid Hussain; Ramzan, Muhammad; Nasim, Faiz-Ul-Hassan; Khan, Khalid Mohammed

    2009-04-01

    A new series of 12 N(4)-substituted isatin-3-thiosemicarbazones 2a-l has been synthesized, characterized and screened for in vitro cytotoxic, phytotoxic and urease inhibitory effects. All the compounds proved to be active in the brine shrimp bioassay; 2a, 2b, 2d, 2f and 2h-l exhibited a high degree of cytotoxic activity (LD(50) = 1.10 x 10(- 5) M-3.10 x 10(- 5) M). In urease-inhibition assay, compounds 2a, 2b, 2e, 2f, 2h-j and 2l proved to be potent inhibitors displaying relatively much greater inhibition of the enzyme with IC(50) values ranging from 20.6 microM to 50.6 microM. Amongst these, 2a and 2f were found to be the most potent ones exhibiting pronounced inhibition with IC(50) value 20.6 microM. All the synthetic compounds showed weak to moderate (10-40%) phytotoxicity at the highest tested concentration (500 microg/mL) indicating their usefulness as inhibitors of soil ureases. PMID:18629680

  8. Binuclear ruthenium(III) bis(thiosemicarbazone) complexes: Synthesis, spectral, electrochemical studies and catalytic oxidation of alcohol

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mohamed Subarkhan, M.; Ramesh, R.

    2015-03-01

    A new series of binuclear ruthenium(III) thiosemicarbazone complexes of general formula [(EPh3)2(X)2Ru-L-Ru(X)2(EPh3)2] (where E = P or As; X = Cl or Br; L = NS chelating bis(thiosemicarbazone ligands) has been synthesized and characterized by analytical and spectral (FT-IR, UV-Vis and EPR). IR spectra show that the thiosemicarbazones behave as monoanionic bidentate ligands coordinating through the azomethine nitrogen and thiolate sulphur. The electronic spectra of the complexes indicate that the presence of d-d and intense LMCT transitions in the visible region. The complexes are paramagnetic (low spin d5) in nature and all the complexes show rhombic distortion around the ruthenium ion with three different 'g' values (gx ? gy ? gz) at 77 K. All the complexes are redox active and exhibit an irreversible metal centered redox processes (RuIII-RuIII/RuIV-RuIV; RuIII-RuIII/RuII-RuII) within the potential range of 0.38-0.86 V and -0.39 to -0.66 V respectively, versus Ag/AgCl. Further, the catalytic efficiency of one of the complexes [Ru2Cl2(AsPh3)4(L1)] (4) has been investigated in the case of oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols into their corresponding aldehydes and ketones in the presence of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide(NMO) as co-oxidant. The formation of high valent RuVdbnd O species is proposed as catalytic intermediate for the catalytic cycle.

  9. Binuclear ruthenium(III) bis(thiosemicarbazone) complexes: synthesis, spectral, electrochemical studies and catalytic oxidation of alcohol.

    PubMed

    Mohamed Subarkhan, M; Ramesh, R

    2015-03-01

    A new series of binuclear ruthenium(III) thiosemicarbazone complexes of general formula [(EPh3)2(X)2Ru-L-Ru(X)2(EPh3)2] (where E=P or As; X=Cl or Br; L=NS chelating bis(thiosemicarbazone ligands) has been synthesized and characterized by analytical and spectral (FT-IR, UV-Vis and EPR). IR spectra show that the thiosemicarbazones behave as monoanionic bidentate ligands coordinating through the azomethine nitrogen and thiolate sulphur. The electronic spectra of the complexes indicate that the presence of d-d and intense LMCT transitions in the visible region. The complexes are paramagnetic (low spin d(5)) in nature and all the complexes show rhombic distortion around the ruthenium ion with three different 'g' values (gx?gy?gz) at 77K. All the complexes are redox active and exhibit an irreversible metal centered redox processes (Ru(III)-Ru(III)/Ru(IV)-Ru(IV); Ru(III)-Ru(III)/Ru(II)-Ru(II)) within the potential range of 0.38-0.86V and -0.39 to -0.66 V respectively, versus Ag/AgCl. Further, the catalytic efficiency of one of the complexes [Ru2Cl2(AsPh3)4(L1)] (4) has been investigated in the case of oxidation of primary and secondary alcohols into their corresponding aldehydes and ketones in the presence of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide(NMO) as co-oxidant. The formation of high valent Ru(V)O species is proposed as catalytic intermediate for the catalytic cycle. PMID:25498823

  10. Conformation and coordination of 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzal-5-pyrazolone thiosemicarbazone: A density functional study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wu, Dongling; Jia, Dianzeng; Liu, Lang; Liu, Anjie

    Density functional theory method has been employed to study the molecular properties of four tautomers and their deprotonated species of 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzal-5-pyrazolone thiosemicarbazone. The solvent effect has been investigated by applying the polarizable continuum model of the self-consistent reaction field theory. The condensed Fukui functions have been calculated to assess the relative reactivity of different sites in the ligands. Molecular electrostatic potential is obtained as an additional molecular descriptor for revealing the regions of the molecular species to which an electrophile would initially be attracted.

  11. Synthesis, X-ray structure and in vitro cytotoxicity studies of Cu(I/II) complexes of thiosemicarbazone: special emphasis on their interactions with DNA.

    PubMed

    Saswati; Chakraborty, Ayon; Dash, Subhashree P; Panda, Alok K; Acharyya, Rama; Biswas, Ashis; Mukhopadhyay, Subhadip; Bhutia, Sujit K; Crochet, Aurélien; Patil, Yogesh P; Nethaji, M; Dinda, Rupam

    2015-04-01

    4-(p-X-phenyl)thiosemicarbazone of napthaldehyde {where X = Cl (HL¹) and X = Br (HL²)}, thiosemicarbazone of quinoline-2-carbaldehyde (HL³) and 4-(p-fluorophenyl)thiosemicarbazone of salicylaldehyde (H?L?) and their copper(I) {[Cu(HL¹)(PPh?)?Br]·CH?CN (1) and [Cu(HL²)(PPh?)?Cl]·DMSO (2)} and copper(II) {[(Cu?L³?Cl)?(?-Cl)?]·2H?O (3) and [Cu(L?)(Py)] (4)} complexes are reported herein. The synthesized ligands and their copper complexes were successfully characterized by elemental analysis, cyclic voltammetry, NMR, ESI-MS, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy. Molecular structures of all the Cu(I) and Cu(II) complexes have been determined by X-ray crystallography. All the complexes (1-4) were tested for their ability to exhibit DNA-binding and -cleavage activity. The complexes effectively interact with CT-DNA possibly by groove binding mode, with binding constants ranging from 10? to 10? M?¹. Among the complexes, 3 shows the highest chemical (60%) as well as photo-induced (80%) DNA cleavage activity against pUC19 DNA. Finally, the in vitro antiproliferative activity of all the complexes was assayed against the HeLa cell line. Some of the complexes have proved to be as active as the clinical referred drugs, and the greater potency of 3 may be correlated with its aqueous solubility and the presence of the quinonoidal group in the thiosemicarbazone ligand coordinated to the metal. PMID:25736331

  12. Improved antiparasitic activity by incorporation of organosilane entities into half-sandwich ruthenium(II) and rhodium(III) thiosemicarbazone complexes.

    PubMed

    Adams, Muneebah; de Kock, Carmen; Smith, Peter J; Land, Kirkwood M; Liu, Nicole; Hopper, Melissa; Hsiao, Allyson; Burgoyne, Andrew R; Stringer, Tameryn; Meyer, Mervin; Wiesner, Lubbe; Chibale, Kelly; Smith, Gregory S

    2015-02-01

    A series of ferrocenyl- and aryl-functionalised organosilane thiosemicarbazone compounds was obtained via a nucleophilic substitution reaction with an amine-terminated organosilane. The thiosemicarbazone (TSC) ligands were further reacted with either a ruthenium dimer [(?(6-i)PrC6H4Me)Ru(?-Cl)Cl]2 or a rhodium dimer [(Cp*)Rh(?-Cl)Cl]2 to yield a series of cationic mono- and binuclear complexes. The thiosemicarbazone ligands, as well as their metal complexes, were characterised using NMR and IR spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. The molecular structure of the binuclear ruthenium(ii) complex was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The thiosemicarbazones and their complexes were evaluated for their in vitro antiplasmodial activities against the chloroquine-sensitive (NF54) and chloroquine-resistant (Dd2) Plasmodium falciparum strains, displaying activities in the low micromolar range. Selected compounds were screened for potential ?-haematin inhibition activity, and it was found that two Rh(iii) complexes exhibited moderate to good inhibition. Furthermore, the compounds were screened for their antitrichomonal activities against the G3 Trichomonas vaginalis strain, revealing a higher percentage of growth inhibition for the ruthenium and rhodium complexes over their corresponding ligand. PMID:25559246

  13. Synthesis and structure-activity evaluation of isatin-?-thiosemicarbazones with improved selective activity towards multidrug-resistant cells expressing P-glycoproteina

    PubMed Central

    Hall, Matthew D.; Brimacombe, Kyle R.; Varonka, Matthew S.; Pluchino, Kristen M.; Monda, Julie K.; Li, Jiayang; Walsh, Martin J.; Boxer, Matthew B.; Warren, Timothy H.; Fales, Henry M.; Gottesman, Michael M.

    2011-01-01

    Cancer multidrug resistance (MDR) mediated by ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters presents a significant unresolved clinical challenge. One strategy to resolve MDR is to develop compounds that selectively kill cells over-expressing the efflux transporter P-glycoprotein (MDR1, P-gp, ABCB1). We have previously reported structure-activity studies based around the lead compound NSC73306 (1, 1-isatin-4-(4?-methoxyphenyl)-3-thiosemicarbazone, 4.3-fold selective). Here we sought to extend this work on MDR1-selective analogs by establishing whether 1 showed ‘robust’ activity against a range of cell lines expressing P-gp. We further aimed to synthesize and test analogs with varied substitution at the N4-position, and substitution around the N4-phenyl ring of isatin-?-thiosemicarbazones (IBTs), to identify compounds with increased MDR1-selectivity. Compound 1 demonstrated MDR1-selectivity against all P-gp-expressing cell lines examined. This selectivity was reversed by inhibitors of P-gp ATPase activity. Structural variation at the 4?-phenyl position of 1 yielded compounds of greater MDR1-selectivity. Two of these analogs, 1-isatin-4-(4?-nitrophenyl)-3-thiosemicarbazone (22, 8.3-fold selective) and 1-isatin-4-(4?-tert-butyl phenyl)-3-thiosemicarbazone (32, 14.8-fold selective), were selected for further testing, and were found to retain the activity profile of 1. These compounds are the most active IBTs identified to date. PMID:21721528

  14. Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization, structural studies and antibacterial and antitumor activities of diorganotin complexes with 3-methoxysalicylaldehyde thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Khandani, Marzieh; Sedaghat, Tahereh; Erfani, Nasrollah; Haghshenas, Mohammad Reza; Khavasi, Hamid Reza

    2013-04-01

    Three organotin(IV) complexes, Ph2Sn(mstsc) (1), Me2Sn(mstsc) (2) and Bu2Sn(mstsc) (3), have been synthesized from reaction of R2SnCl2 (R = Ph, Me and Bu) with 3-methoxysalicylaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (H2mstsc). The synthesized complexes have been characterized by elemental analysis and FT-IR, 1H, 13C and 119Sn NMR spectroscopy. The structures of 2 and 3 have been also confirmed by X-ray crystallography. On the basis of spectral and structural data thiosemicarbazone acts as a tridentate dianionic ligand and coordinates to tin through phenolic oxygen, the azomethine nitrogen and thiolate sulfur atoms. The metal coordination geometry for 2 and 3 is described as distorted square pyramid and the crystal lattices are stabilized by intermolecular hydrogen bands. On the basis of 119Sn NMR data, coordination number of tin retains five in solution. The in vitro antibacterial activity of ligand and its complexes has been evaluated against one Gram-positive and three Gram-negative bacteria. Complex 2 exhibited good activity along with the standard antibacterial drugs. The in vitro cytotoxicities of the synthesized compounds against Jurkat cells were evaluated by the standard WST-1 assay. The activity decreases in the order 3 > 1 > 2 = H2mstsc.

  15. Toxic effects of bis(thiosemicarbazone) compounds and its palladium(II) complexes on herpes simplex virus growth.

    PubMed

    Genova, Petia; Varadinova, Tatiana; Matesanz, Ana I; Marinova, Desislava; Souza, Pilar

    2004-06-01

    Here, we present data on the activity of benzyl bis(thiosemicarbazone); 3,5-diacyl-1,2,4-triazole bis(4-methylthiosemicarbazone) and their Pd(II) complexes against the replication of wild type and of acyclovir (ACV)-resistant, herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV 1) and type 2 (HSV 2) strains. The data were compared to those under the action of acyclovir. The testing of cytotoxic activity suggests that these compounds may be endowed with important antiviral properties. It is interesting to note that the Pd(II)-benzyl bis(thiosemicarbazone) complex, 2, exhibits a significant activity against acyclovir-resistant viruses R-100 (HSV 1) and PU (HSV 2) with an in vitro selectivity index (SI) of 8.0 vs. 0.01 for acyclovir. This complex also negatively influenced the expression of key structural HSV 1 proteins (VP23, gH and gG/gD), thus suppressing simultaneously virus entry, transactivation of virus genome, capsid assembly, and cell-to-cell spread of infectious HSV progeny. PMID:15163546

  16. Comparative evaluation of Bis(thiosemicarbazone)- Biotin and Met-ac-TE3A for tumor imaging.

    PubMed

    Singh, Sweta; Tiwari, Anjani K; Varshney, Raunak; Mathur, R; Shukla, Gauri; Bag, N; Singh, B; Mishra, Anil K

    2016-01-15

    2,2',2?-(11-(2-((4-mercapto-1-methoxy-1-oxobutan-2-yl)amino)-2-oxoethyl)-1,4,8,11-tetraaza cyclotetradecane-1,4,8-triyl)triacetic acid, Met-ac-TE3A and (E)-N-methyl-2-((E)-3-(2-(2-(5-((3aS,4S,6aR)-2-oxohexahydro-1H-thieno[3,4-d]imidazol-4-yl)pentanoyl)hydrazinecarbono-thioyl)hydrazonobutan-2-ylidene)hydrazinecarbothioamide, Bis(thiosemicarbazone)- Biotin were synthesized and evaluated for imaging application. The pharmacokinetics of these ligands were determined by tracer methods. In vitro human serum stability of (99m)Tc Met-ac-TE3A/(99m)Tc Bis(thiosemicarbazone)-Biotin after 24h was found to be 96.5% and 97.0% respectively. Blood kinetics of both ligands in normal rabbits showed biphasic clearance pattern. Ex vivo biodistribution study revealed significant initial tumor uptake and high tumor/muscles ratio which is a pre-requisite condition for a ligand to work as SPECT-radiopharmaceutical for tumor imaging. PMID:26436844

  17. Interaction of Triapine and related thiosemicarbazones with iron(III)/(II) and gallium(III): a comparative solution equilibrium study†

    PubMed Central

    Enyedy, Éva A.; Primik, Michael F.; Kowol, Christian R.; Arion, Vladimir B.; Kiss, Tamás; Keppler, Bernhard K.

    2012-01-01

    Stoichiometry and stability of GaIII, FeIII, FeII complexes of Triapine and five related ?-N heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones with potential antitumor activity have been determined by pH-potentiometry, UV-vis spectrophotometry, 1H NMR spectroscopy, and spectrofluorimetry in aqueous solution (with 30% DMSO), together with the characterization of the proton dissociation processes. Additionally, the redox properties of the iron complexes were studied by cyclic voltammetry at various pH values. Formation of high stability bis-ligand complexes was found in all cases, which are predominant at physiological pH with FeIII/FeII, whilst only at the acidic pH range with GaIII. The results show that among the thiosemicarbazones with various substituents the N-terminal dimethylation does not exert a measurable effect on the redox potential, but has the highest impact on the stability of the complexes as well as the cytotoxicity, especially in the absence of a pyridine-NH2 group in the molecule. In addition the fluorescence properties of the ligands in aqueous solution and their changes caused by GaIII were studied. PMID:21523301

  18. Comparative evaluation of Bis(thiosemicarbazone)- Biotin and Met-ac-TE3A for tumor imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Sweta; Tiwari, Anjani K.; Varshney, Raunak; Mathur, R.; Shukla, Gauri; Bag, N.; Singh, B.; Mishra, Anil K.

    2016-01-01

    2,2?,2?-(11-(2-((4-mercapto-1-methoxy-1-oxobutan-2-yl)amino)-2-oxoethyl)-1,4,8,11-tetraaza cyclotetradecane-1,4,8-triyl)triacetic acid, Met-ac-TE3A and (E)-N-methyl-2-((E)-3-(2-(2-(5-((3aS,4S,6aR)-2-oxohexahydro-1H-thieno[3,4-d]imidazol-4-yl)pentanoyl)hydrazinecarbono-thioyl)hydrazonobutan-2-ylidene)hydrazinecarbothioamide, Bis(thiosemicarbazone)- Biotin were synthesized and evaluated for imaging application. The pharmacokinetics of these ligands were determined by tracer methods. In vitro human serum stability of 99mTc Met-ac-TE3A/99mTc Bis(thiosemicarbazone)-Biotin after 24 h was found to be 96.5% and 97.0% respectively. Blood kinetics of both ligands in normal rabbits showed biphasic clearance pattern. Ex vivo biodistribution study revealed significant initial tumor uptake and high tumor/muscles ratio which is a pre-requisite condition for a ligand to work as SPECT-radiopharmaceutical for tumor imaging.

  19. Antibacterial, antifungal and in vitro antileukaemia activity of metal complexes with thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Pahontu, Elena; Julea, Felicia; Rosu, Tudor; Purcarea, Victor; Chumakov, Yurie; Petrenco, Petru; Gulea, Aurelian

    2015-04-01

    1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzoyl-5-pyrazolone 4-ethyl-thiosemicarbazone (HL) and its copper(II), vanadium(V) and nickel(II) complexes: [Cu(L)(Cl)]·C?H?OH·(1), [Cu(L)?]·H?O (2), [Cu(L)(Br)]·H?O·CH?OH (3), [Cu(L)(NO?)]·2C?H?OH (4), [VO?(L)]·2H?O (5), [Ni(L)?]·H?O (6), were synthesized and characterized. The ligand has been characterized by elemental analyses, IR, (1) H NMR and (13) C NMR spectroscopy. The tridentate nature of the ligand is evident from the IR spectra. The copper(II), vanadium(V) and nickel(II) complexes have been characterized by different physico-chemical techniques such as molar conductivity, magnetic susceptibility measurements and electronic, infrared and electron paramagnetic resonance spectral studies. The structures of the ligand and its copper(II) (2, 4), and vanadium(V) (5) complexes have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The composition of the coordination polyhedron of the central atom in 2, 4 and 5 is different. The tetrahedral coordination geometry of Cu was found in complex 2 while in complex 4, it is square planar, in complex 5 the coordination polyhedron of the central ion is distorted square pyramid. The in vitro antibacterial activity of the complexes against Escherichia coli, Salmonella abony, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus and the antifungal activity against Candida albicans strains was higher for the metal complexes than for free ligand. The effect of the free ligand and its metal complexes on the proliferation of HL-60 cells was tested. PMID:25708540

  20. Evaluation of the Anti-Schistosoma mansoni Activity of Thiosemicarbazones and Thiazoles

    PubMed Central

    de Oliveira, Sheilla Andrade; de Oliveira Filho, Gevânio Bezerra; Moreira, Diogo Rodrigo Magalhaes; Gomes, Paulo André Teixeira; da Silva, Anekécia Lauro; de Barros, Andréia Ferreira; da Silva, Aline Caroline; dos Santos, Thiago André Ramos; Pereira, Valéria Rêgo Alves; Gonçalves, Gabriel Gazzoni Araújo; Brayner, Fábio André; Alves, Luiz Carlos; Wanderley, Almir Gonçalves; Leite, Ana Cristina Lima

    2014-01-01

    Schistosomiasis is a chronic and debilitating disease caused by a trematode of the genus Schistosoma and affects over 207 million people. Chemotherapy is the only immediate recourse for minimizing the prevalence of this disease and involves predominately the administration of a single drug, praziquantel (PZQ). Although PZQ has proven efficacy, there is a recognized need to develop new drugs as schistosomicides since studies have shown that repeated use of this drug in areas of endemicity may cause a temporary reduction in susceptibility in isolates of Schistosoma mansoni. Hydrazones, thiosemicarbazones, phthalimides, and thiazoles are thus regarded as privileged structures used for a broad spectrum of activities and are potential candidates for sources of new drug prototypes. The present study determined the in vitro schistosomicidal activity of 10 molecules containing these structures. During the assays, parameters such motility and mortality, oviposition, morphological changes in the tegument, cytotoxicity, and immunomodulatory activity caused by these compounds were evaluated. The results showed that compounds formed of thiazole and phthalimide led to higher mortality of worms, with a significant decline in motility, inhibition of pairing and oviposition, and a mortality rate of 100% starting from 144 h of exposure. These compounds also stimulated the production of nitric oxide and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-?), thereby demonstrating the presence of immunomodulatory activity. The phthalyl thiazole LpQM-45 caused significant ultrastructural alterations, with destruction of the tegument in both male and female worms. According to the present study, phthalyl thiazole compounds possess antischistosomal activities and should form the basis for future experimental and clinical trials. PMID:24165185

  1. Antibacterial, antifungal and in vitro antileukaemia activity of metal complexes with thiosemicarbazones

    PubMed Central

    Pahontu, Elena; Julea, Felicia; Rosu, Tudor; Purcarea, Victor; Chumakov, Yurie; Petrenco, Petru; Gulea, Aurelian

    2015-01-01

    1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-benzoyl-5-pyrazolone 4-ethyl-thiosemicarbazone (HL) and its copper(II), vanadium(V) and nickel(II) complexes: [Cu(L)(Cl)]·C2H5OH·(1), [Cu(L)2]·H2O (2), [Cu(L)(Br)]·H2O·CH3OH (3), [Cu(L)(NO3)]·2C2H5OH (4), [VO2(L)]·2H2O (5), [Ni(L)2]·H2O (6), were synthesized and characterized. The ligand has been characterized by elemental analyses, IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectroscopy. The tridentate nature of the ligand is evident from the IR spectra. The copper(II), vanadium(V) and nickel(II) complexes have been characterized by different physico-chemical techniques such as molar conductivity, magnetic susceptibility measurements and electronic, infrared and electron paramagnetic resonance spectral studies. The structures of the ligand and its copper(II) (2, 4), and vanadium(V) (5) complexes have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The composition of the coordination polyhedron of the central atom in 2, 4 and 5 is different. The tetrahedral coordination geometry of Cu was found in complex 2 while in complex 4, it is square planar, in complex 5 the coordination polyhedron of the central ion is distorted square pyramid. The in vitro antibacterial activity of the complexes against Escherichia coli, Salmonella abony, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus and the antifungal activity against Candida albicans strains was higher for the metal complexes than for free ligand. The effect of the free ligand and its metal complexes on the proliferation of HL-60 cells was tested. PMID:25708540

  2. A Study on the Condensation Reaction of 4-Amino-3,5-dimethyl-1,2,4-triazole with Benzaldehydes: Structure and Spectroscopic Properties of Some New Stable Hemiaminals.

    PubMed

    Wajda-Hermanowicz, Katarzyna; Pieni??czak, Damian; Zatajska, Aleksandra; Wróbel, Robert; Drabent, Krzysztof; Ciunik, Zbigniew

    2015-01-01

    Studies on the stable hemiaminals and Schiff bases formation in the reaction of substituted benzaldehydes with primary 3,5-dimethyl-1,2,4-triazole 4-amine were carried out under neutral conditions. These products were investigated by IR, Raman, MS, ¹H- and (13)C-NMR spectra as well as by X-ray crystallography. The effect of reaction conditions: temperature, polarity of the solvents utilized, substrate concentration and the ortho and para benzaldehyde substituents on the yield of products was also examined. PMID:26393552

  3. Electronic absorption study on acid-base equilibria for some pyrimidine derivatives containing semi- and thiosemicarbazone moiety

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    K?l?ç, H.

    2010-02-01

    The UV-vis spectra of recently synthesized 5-benzoyl-1-(methylphenylmethyleneamino)-4-phenyl-1H-pyrimidine-2-one, ( I), and 5-benzoyl-1-(methylphenylmethyleneamino)-4-phenyl-1H-pyrimidine-2-thione, ( II) were studied in aqueous methanol (5%, v/v methanol). The nature of the electronic transitions and the roles of carbonyl oxygen of I and thiocarbonyl sulfur of II on the behavior of UV-vis spectra were discussed. Acid-base equilibria of the compounds against varying pH and p Ka values related equilibria were determined at an ionic strength of 0.10 M by using the Henderson-Haselbalch equation. The mean acidity constants for the protonated forms of the compounds were determined as p Ka1 = 5.121, p Ka2 = 7.929 and p Ka3 = 11.130 for I and p Ka1 = 4.684, p Ka2 = 7.245 and p Ka3 = 10.630 for II. The preferred dissociation mechanisms were discussed based on UV-vis data and a mechanism was proposed for each compound.

  4. Synthesis and spectral investigations of vanadium(IV/V) complexes derived from an ONS donor thiosemicarbazone ligand

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mangalam, Neema Ani; Kurup, M. R. Prathapachandra

    2009-01-01

    Four oxovanadium and one dioxovanadium complex with 2-hydroxyacetophenone N(4)-phenylthiosemicarbazone (H 2L) which are represented as [VOLphen]·2H 2O ( 1), [VOLbipy] ( 2), [VOLdmbipy] ( 3), [VOL] 2 ( 4) and [VO 2HL]·CH 3OH ( 5) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, electronic, infrared and EPR spectral techniques. In all the complexes 1- 4 the ligand coordinates through phenolic oxygen, azomethine nitrogen and thiolate sulfur. But in complex [VO 2HL]·CH 3OH, coordination takes place in thione form instead of thiolate sulfur. All the complexes except [VO 2HL]·CH 3OH are EPR active due to the presence of an unpaired electron. In frozen DMF at 77 K, all the oxovanadium(IV) complexes show axial anisotropy with two sets of eight line patterns.

  5. [Application of gas chromatography-high resolution quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry to the analysis of benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol acetophenone and phenylacetaldehyde in complex aromatic samples].

    PubMed

    Liu, Junyan; Cao, Zhe; Li, Jiwen; Wang, Zheming; Wang, Chuan; Gu, Songyuan

    2015-02-01

    The study focuses on the quantitative analytical characterization of benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol, acetophenone and phenylacetaldehyde in complex aromatic samples by gas chromatography-high resolution quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry (GC-QTOF MS). The four compounds in real sample were accurately qualified and quantified through a comprehensive analysis of the GC retention times and the accurate masses of the ion fragments obtained by the high resolution MS. The new method therefore effectively avoids the interference of the real sample substrate, which reduces the accuracy of the analysis results. The peak area of the characteristic ion fragment for each compound was used for quantitation calculation. The MS signal responses of the four compounds showed good linear relationships with the corresponding mass concentrations and the linear regression coefficients were greater than 0. 99. The method recoveries were 87. 97% - 103.01%. The limits of detection (LODs) were 0. 01, 0. 03, 0. 02 and 0. 01 mg/L for benzaldehyde, benzyl alcohol, acetophenone and phenylacetaldehyde respectively. The contents of the four compounds in three real samples were analyzed. The study provided a new strategy for oxygenate analysis in complex aromatic samples using GC-QTOF MS. By measuring the accurate masses, the new method reduces the reliance on chromatographic separation ability and makes up the shortcomings of the traditional GC-MS methods. PMID:25989686

  6. Structural, spectral, electrochemistry, thermal properties and theoretical studies on 4-[N, N-di(4-tolyl)amino] benzaldehyde-2-chloro benzoylhydrazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lizeng, Liu; Wei, Li; Xianfang, Meng; Dongzhi, Liu; Gongfeng, Xu; Zhengchen, Bai

    2014-11-01

    The title compound 4-[N, N-di(4-tolyl)amino] benzaldehyde-2-chloro benzoylhydrazone (C28H24ClN3O, Mr = 453.96) was synthesized by the reaction of 4-[N, N-di(4-tolyl)amino] benzaldehyde with 2-chlorobenzohydrazide, and its structure was characterized by IR, 1H NMR, 13H NMR, high-resolution mass spectrometry and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The crystal belongs to Monoclinic, space group P2(1)/n with a = 12.626(3), b = 12.609(3), c = 15.837(3) Å, ? = 90.00(3)°, Z = 5, V = 2512.5(9) Å3, Mr = 453.95, Dc = 1.280 g/cm3, ? = 0.183 mm-1, F(0 0 0) = 1024, R = 0.0432 and wR = 0.1087. X-ray analysis revealed that one of the benzene ring and acylhydrazone were essentially planar, the 2-chloro benzene ring and amide were non-planar, the torsion angles C(1)sbnd C(6)sbnd C(7)sbnd O(1) and C(5)sbnd C(6)sbnd C(7)sbnd O(1) are 61.4(5)° and -114.4(4)°. The thermal stability studies indicate that the title compound is stable up to 341.1 °C. The spectral, electrochemistry properties and theoretical studies show that the title compound is a good candidate for the charge-transporting materials.

  7. Complex formation between uranyl and various thiosemicarbazide derivatives

    SciTech Connect

    Chuguryan, D.G.; Dzyubenko, V.I.

    1987-01-01

    Complex formation between hexavalent uranium and salicylaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (H/sub 2/L), salicylaldehyde S-methyl-isothiosemicarbazone (H/sub 2/Q), S-methyl-N/sub 1/,N/sub 4/-bis(salicylidene)isothiosemicarbazide(H/sub 2/Z), and thiosemicarbazidodiacetic acid (H/sub 2/R) has been studied spectrophotometrically in solution. Stability constants for complexes having the composition UO/sub 2/A have been calculated. Solid uranyl derivatives having the composition UO/sub 2/L x 2H/sub 2/O, UO/sub 2/Q x 2H/sub 2/O, UO/sub 2/Z x 2H/sub 2/O, and UO/sub 2/R x 2H/sub 2/O have been obtained. These derivatives were isolated and their IR spectroscopic behavior and thermal properties were investigated.

  8. Nickel(II) Complex of Polyhydroxybenzaldehyde N4-Thiosemicarbazone Exhibits Anti-Inflammatory Activity by Inhibiting NF-?B Transactivation

    PubMed Central

    Loh, Sheng Wei; Looi, Chung Yeng; Hassandarvish, Pouya; Phan, Alicia Yi Ling; Wong, Won Fen; Wang, Hao; Paterson, Ian C.; Ea, Chee Kwee; Mustafa, Mohd Rais; Maah, Mohd Jamil

    2014-01-01

    Background The biological properties of thiosemicarbazone have been widely reported. The incorporation of some transition metals such as Fe, Ni and Cu to thiosemicarbazone complexes is known to enhance its biological effects. In this study, we incorporated nickel(II) ions into thiosemicarbazone with N4-substitution groups H3L (H; H3L1, CH3; H3L2, C6H5; H3L3 and C2H5; H3L4) and examined its potential anti-inflammatory activity. Methodology/Principal Findings Four ligands (1–4) and their respective nickel-containing complexes (5–8) were synthesized and characterized. The compounds synthesized were tested for their effects on NF-?B nuclear translocation, pro-inflammatory cytokines secretion and NF-?B transactivation activity. The active compound was further evaluated on its ability to suppress carrageenan-induced acute inflammation in vivo. A potential binding target of the active compound was also predicted by molecular docking analysis. Conclusions/Significance Among all synthesized compounds tested, we found that complex [Ni(H2L1)(PPh3)]Cl (5) (complex 5), potently inhibited I?B? degradation and NF-?B p65 nuclear translocation in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells as well as TNF?-stimulated HeLa S3 cells. In addition, complex 5 significantly down-regulated LPS- or TNF?-induced transcription of NF-?B target genes, including genes that encode the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF?, IFN? and IL6. Luciferase reporter assays confirmed that complex 5 inhibited the transactivation activity of NF-?B. Furthermore, the anti-inflammatory effect of complex 5 was also supported by its suppressive effect on carrageenan-induced paw edema formation in wild type C57BL/6 mice. Interestingly, molecular docking study showed that complex 5 potentially interact with the active site of IKK?. Taken together, we suggest complex 5 as a novel NF-?B inhibitor with potent anti-inflammatory effects. PMID:24977407

  9. OZONE REACTION WITH N-ALDEHYDES (N=4-10), BENZALDEHYDE, ETHANOL, ISOPROPANOL, AND N-PROPANOL ADSORBED ON A DUAL-BED GRAPHITIZED CARBON/CARBON MOLECULAR SIEVE ADSORBENT CARTRIDGE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Ozone reacts with n-aldehydes (n = 4 - 10), benzaldehyde, ethanol, isopropanol, and n-propanol adsorbed on a dual-bed graphitized carbon/carbon molecular sieve adsorbent cartridge. Destruction of n-aldehydes increases with n number and with ozone concentration. In some samp...

  10. Potent 5-nitrofuran derivatives inhibitors of Trypanosoma cruzi growth: Electrochemical, spectroscopic and biological studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maria Aravena, C.; Claudio Olea, A.; Cerecetto, Hugo; González, Mercedes; Maya, Juan Diego; Rodríguez-Becerra, Jorge

    2011-07-01

    Cyclic voltammetry and electron spin resonance techniques were used in the investigation of several potential antiprotozoal containing thiosemicarbazone and carbamate nitrofurans. In the electrochemical behaviour, a self-protonation process involving the nitro group was observed. The reactivity of the nitro anion radical for these derivatives with glutathione, a biological relevant thiol, was also studied in means of cyclic voltammetry. These studies demonstrated that glutathione could react with radical species from 5-nitrofuryl system. Furthermore, from the voltammetric results, some parameters of biological significance as E71 (indicative of the biological nitro anion radical formation), and K (thermodynamic indicator the of oxygen redox cycling) have been calculated. We also evaluated the stability of the nitro anion radical in terms of the dimerization constant ( kd). The nitrofuran-free radicals from cyclic voltammetry were characterized by electron spin resonance. A clear dependence between both the thiosemicarbazone or carbamate substructure and the length of the linker, furyl- or furylpropenyl-spacer, and the delocalization of the unpaired electron was observed. Through of biological assays we obtained important parameters that account for the selective anti-trypanosomal activity of these derivatives. The trypomastigote viability study showed that all derivatives are as active as in the epimastigote form of the parasite in a doses dependent manner.

  11. Studies on some iridium(III) complexes with Schiff bases derived from amino carboxylic acids.

    PubMed

    Sharma, V K; Pandey, O P; Sengupta, S K

    1988-12-01

    The reactions of iridium(III) chloride with different Schiff bases gave complexes of types [Ir(SB)3], [Ir(SB')Cl(H2O)2], [Ir(SB'')Cl2]n, [Ir(SB'' ')Cl(H2O)]n (SBH = Schiff bases derived from anthranilic acid and benzaldehyde, acetophenone, vanillin, cinnamaldehyde or m-hydroxyacetophenone; SB'H2 = Schiff bases derived from anthranilic acid and salicylaldehyde or o-hydroxyacetophenone; SB''H = Schiff bases derived from p-aminobenzoic acid and benzaldehyde, acetophenone, vanillin, cinnamaldehyde, or m-hydroxyacetophenone; SB'' 'H2 = Schiff bases derived from p-aminobenzoic acid and salicylaldehyde or o-hydroxyacetophenone). These complexes have been characterized on the basis of elemental analyses, conductance, magnetic moment, and spectral (electronic, i.r., and 1H n.m.r.) data. The electronic spectra reveals octahedral geometry for these complexes except for [Ir(SB'')Cl2]n, which is trigonal bipyramidal. The thermal behavior of these complexes has also been studied by TG, DTG, and DSC techniques. The different kinetic parameters, viz., order of reaction, activation of energy, and heat of reaction were calculated. The antifungal and antiviral activities of the complexes with Schiff bases derived from anthranilic acid have also been investigated. PMID:3267018

  12. Microwave gallium-68 radiochemistry for kinetically stable bis(thiosemicarbazone) complexes: structural investigations and cellular uptake under hypoxia.

    PubMed

    Alam, Israt S; Arrowsmith, Rory L; Cortezon-Tamarit, Fernando; Twyman, Frazer; Kociok-Köhn, Gabriele; Botchway, Stanley W; Dilworth, Jonathan R; Carroll, Laurence; Aboagye, Eric O; Pascu, Sofia I

    2015-12-14

    We report the microwave synthesis of several bis(thiosemicarbazones) and the rapid gallium-68 incorporation to give the corresponding metal complexes. These proved kinetically stable under 'cold' and 'hot' biological assays and were investigated using laser scanning confocal microscopy, flow cytometry and radioactive cell retention studies under normoxia and hypoxia. (68)Ga complex retention was found to be 34% higher in hypoxic cells than in normoxic cells over 30 min, further increasing to 53% at 120 min. Our data suggests that this class of gallium complexes show hypoxia selectivity suitable for imaging in living cells and in vivo tests by microPET in nude athymic mice showed that they are excreted within 1 h of their administration. PMID:26583314

  13. Synthesis, antioxidant activities of the nickel(II), iron(III) and oxovanadium(IV) complexes with N2O2 chelating thiosemicarbazones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bal-Demirci, Tülay; ?ahin, Musa; Özyürek, Mustafa; Kondakç?, Esin; Ülküseven, Bahri

    The nickel(II), iron(III) and oxovanadium(IV) complexes of the N2O2 chelating thiosemicarbazones were synthesized using 4-hydroxysalicyladehyde-S-methylthiosemicarbazone and R1-substitute-salicylaldehyde (R1: 4-OH, H) in the presence of Ni(II), Fe(III), VO(IV) ions by the template reaction. The structures of the thiosemicarbazone complexes were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, elemental, ESI-MS and APCI-MS analysis. The synthesized compounds were screened for their antioxidant capacity by using the cupric reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) method. Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) of iron(III) complex, 1c, was measured to be higher than that of the other complexes. Other parameters of antioxidant activity (scavenging effects on rad OH, O2rad - and H2O2) of these compounds were also determined. All the compounds have shown encouraging ROS scavenging activities.

  14. Crystal structures of 5-Bromo-2-hydroxybenzaldehyde, 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde, and 2-hydroxynaphthalene-1-carbaldehyde 4-(2-pyridyl) thiosemicarbazones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chumakov, Yu. M.; Petrenko, P. A.; Codita, T. B.; Tsapkov, V. I.; Poirier, D.; Gulea, A. P.

    2014-03-01

    5-Bromo-2-hydroxybenzaldehyde, 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde, and 2-hydroxynaphthalene-1-carbaldehyde 4-(2-pyridyl) thiosemicarbazones ( I-III, respectively) were synthesized and their crystal structures were determined by X-ray diffraction. All these molecules are almost planar. The presence of bulky substituents at the terminal nitrogen atoms of these molecules does not lead to changes in the conformation of the thiosemicarbazide moiety. Depending on the nature of substituents in the phenol rings, the crystals are composed of either centrosymmetric dimers ( I) or infinite chains ( II and III). In the concentration range of 10-5-10-7 mol/L, thiosemicarbazones I-III selectively inhibit the growth of human myeloid leukemia HL60 cells.

  15. Ribonucleotide reductase inhibition by metal complexes of Triapine (3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone): A combined experimental and theoretical study

    PubMed Central

    Popovi?-Bijeli?, Ana; Kowol, Christian R.; Lind, Maria E.S.; Luo, Jinghui; Himo, Fahmi; Enyedy, Éva A.; Arion, Vladimir B.; Gräslund, Astrid

    2012-01-01

    Triapine (3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone, 3-AP) is currently the most promising chemotherapeutic compound among the class of ?-N-heterocyclic thiosemicarbazones. Here we report further insights into the mechanism(s) of anticancer drug activity and inhibition of mouse ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) by Triapine. In addition to the metal-free ligand, its iron(III), gallium(III), zinc(II) and copper (II) complexes were studied, aiming to correlate their cytotoxic activities with their effects on the diferric/tyrosyl radical center of the RNR enzyme in vitro. In this study we propose for the first time a potential specific binding pocket for Triapine on the surface of the mouse R2 RNR protein. In our mechanistic model, interaction with Triapine results in the labilization of the diferric center in the R2 protein. Subsequently the Triapine molecules act as iron chelators. In the absence of external reductants, and in presence of the mouse R2 RNR protein, catalytic amounts of the iron(III)–Triapine are reduced to the iron(II)–Triapine complex. In the presence of an external reductant (dithiothreitol), stoichiometric amounts of the potently reactive iron (II)–Triapine complex are formed. Formation of the iron(II)–Triapine complex, as the essential part of the reaction outcome, promotes further reactions with molecular oxygen, which give rise to reactive oxygen species (ROS) and thereby damage the RNR enzyme. Triapine affects the diferric center of the mouse R2 protein and, unlike hydroxyurea, is not a potent reductant, not likely to act directly on the tyrosyl radical. PMID:21955844

  16. Ferroquine and its derivatives: new generation of antimalarial agents.

    PubMed

    Wani, Waseem A; Jameel, Ehtesham; Baig, Umair; Mumtazuddin, Syed; Hun, Lee Ting

    2015-08-28

    Malaria has been teasing human populations from a long time. Presently, several classes of antimalarial drugs are available in market, but the issues of toxicity, lower efficacy and the resistance by malarial parasites have decreased their overall therapeutic indices. Thus, the search for new promising antimalarials continues, however, the battle against malaria is far from over. Ferroquine is a derivative of chloroquine with antimalarial properties. It is the most successful of the chloroquine derivatives. Not only ferroquine, but also its derivatives have shown promising potential as antimalarials of clinical interest. Presently, much research is dedicated to the development of ferroquine derivatives as safe alternatives to antimalarial chemotherapy. The present article describes the structural, chemical and biological features of ferroquine. Several classes of ferroquine derivatives including hydroxyferroquines, trioxaferroquines, chloroquine-bridged ferrocenophanes, thiosemicarbazone derivatives, ferrocene dual conjugates, 4-N-substituted derivatives, and others have been discussed. Besides, the mechanism of action of ferroquine has been discussed. A careful observation has been made into pharmacologically significant ferroquine derivatives with better or equal therapeutic effects to that of chloroquine and ferroquine. A brief discussion of the toxicities of ferroquine derivatives has been made. Finally, efforts have been made to discuss the current challenges and future perspectives of ferroquine-based antimalarial drug development. PMID:26188909

  17. Ruthenium(II) complexes containing N(4)-tolyl-2-acetylpyridine thiosemicarbazones and phosphine ligands: NMR and electrochemical studies of cis- trans isomerization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Graminha, Angelica E.; Batista, Alzir A.; Ellena, Javier; Castellano, Eduardo E.; Teixeira, Letícia R.; Mendes, Isolda C.; Beraldo, Heloisa

    2008-03-01

    [Ru(HL)(PPh 3) 2Cl]Cl complexes have been obtained in which HL = N(4)- ortho (complex 1), N(4)- meta (complex 2) and N(4)- para-tolyl 2-acetylpyridine thiosemicarbazone (complex 3). NMR and electrochemical studies indicate that both cis and trans isomers exist in solution, and that the cis isomers are converted into the trans isomers with time. Crystal structure determination of ( 1) reveals that the trans isomer is formed in the solid state.

  18. Synthesis, Spectroscopic and Physicochemical Characterization and Biological Activity of Co(II) and Ni(II) Coordination Compounds with 4-Aminoantipyrine Thiosemicarbazone

    PubMed Central

    2005-01-01

    We describe the synthesis and characterization of cobalt(II) and nickel(II) coordination compounds of 4[N-(furan-2’-aldimine)amino]antipyrine thiosemicarbazone (FFAAPTS) and 4[N-(4'-nitrobenzalidene) amino]antipyrine thiosemicarbazone (4'-NO2BAAPTS). All the isolated compounds have the general composition MX2(L)(H2O) (M = Co2+ or Ni2+; X = Cl, Br, NO3, NCS or CH3COO; L = FFAAPTS or 4'-NO2BAAPTS) and M(ClO4)2(L)2 (M = Co2+ or Ni2+; L = FFAAPTS or 4'-NO2BAAPTS). Infrared spectral studies indicate that both the thiosemicarbazones coordinate in their neutral form and they act as {N,N,S} tridentate chelating ligands. Room temperature magnetic measurements and electronic spectral studies suggest the distorted octahedral geometries of the prepared complexes. Thermogravimetric studies are also reported and the possible structures of the complexes are proposed. Antibacterial and antifungal properties of these metal-coordination compounds have also been studied. PMID:18365104

  19. Tricarbonyl (99m)Tc(i) and Re(i)-thiosemicarbazone complexes: synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation for targeting bacterial infection.

    PubMed

    Nayak, Dipak Kumar; Baishya, Rinku; Natarajan, Ramalingam; Sen, Tuhinadri; Debnath, Mita Chatterjee

    2015-09-28

    Methyl, ethyl and phenyl nitrofuryl thiosemicarbazone ligands (, and respectively) were radiolabeled with freshly prepared aqueous solution of a fac[(99m)Tc(CO)3(H2O)3](+) precursor. The radiochemical yield was around 98% as determined by thin layer chromatography and HPLC. The complexes exhibited substantial stability. The corresponding Re(i) complexes were prepared from a Re(CO)5Br precursor to understand the coordination behavior of the ligands against a tricarbonyl rhenium(i) precursor. The rhenium(i) complexes were characterized by means of IR, NMR and mass spectroscopic studies as well as by X-ray crystallography, and correlated with the technetium complexes by means of HPLC studies. Electrochemical reduction of monomeric Re(CO)3-complexes of nitrofuryl ethyl thiosemicarbazone was also studied using cyclic voltammetry. Biodistribution studies of (99m)Tc(CO)3-labeled thiosemicarbazones in rats intramuscularly infected with S. aureus exhibited substantial in vivo stability of the complex and moderate accumulation at the site of focal infection. PMID:26289802

  20. Dually responsive injectable hydrogel prepared by in situ cross-linking of glycol chitosan and benzaldehyde-capped PEO-PPO-PEO.

    PubMed

    Ding, Caixia; Zhao, Lingling; Liu, Fuyong; Cheng, Jun; Gu, Jingxia; Dan, Shan-; Liu, Chenyang; Qu, Xiaozhong; Yang, Zhenzhong

    2010-04-12

    Injectable hydrogels with pH and temperature triggered drug release capability were synthesized based on biocompatible glycol chitosan and benzaldehyde-capped poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(propylene glycol)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) (PEO-PPO-PEO). Aqueous solutions of the above polymers formed hydrogel under physiological conditions, allowing a desirable injectability, through the formation covalent benzoic-imine bond with pH and temperature changes. Rheological characterization demonstrated that the gelation rate and the moduli of the hydrogels were able to be tuned with chemical composition as well as pH and temperature of the polymer solution. Both hydrophobic and hydrophilic drugs could be incorporated inside the hydrogel through the in situ gel forming process and undergo a controlled release by altering pH or temperature. In vivo tests proved the formation and biocompatibility of the hydrogel in rat model. PMID:20337439

  1. Synthesis and Antimicrobial Activity of 5-(morpholinosulfonyl)isatin Derivatives Incorporating a Thiazole Moiety.

    PubMed

    Farag, A A

    2015-07-01

    This article describes the synthesis of novel 5-(morpholinosulfonyl)isatin derivatives having biologically active thiazole moiety were synthesized via 2 synthetic routes. The first route involved interaction of 5-(morpholino-sulfonyl) isatin with aminothiazole derivatives to give the Schiff's base derivatives (2, 3). The second route involved preparation of thiosemicarbazones (4-7) by treatment of 5-(morpholino- sulfonyl) isatin with thiosemicarbazides followed by cycloalkylation of the products with halogenated compounds to give the thiazole derivatives (8-19). Most of the synthesized compounds were screened against Gram (+), Gram (-) bacterial and fungi. The best gram positive activity was displayed by compounds 1, 13, 14, 15, 16 and 18 and the best gram negative bacteria was showed by compounds 1, 12, 13, 15, and 19, whereas compounds 1, 12, 13, 15, and 19 exhibited the best antifungal activity. PMID:25116255

  2. High efficient photocatalytic selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde by solvothermal-synthesized ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} microspheres under visible light irradiation

    SciTech Connect

    Chen, Zhixin; Xu, Jingjing; Ren, Zhuyun; He, Yunhui; Xiao, Guangcan

    2013-09-15

    Hexagonal ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} samples have been synthesized by a solvothermal method. Their properties have been determined by X-ray diffraction, ultraviolet–visible-light diffuse reflectance spectra, field emission scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption–desorption and X-ray photoelectron spectra. These results demonstrate that ethanol solvent has significant influence on the morphology, optical and electronic nature for such marigold-like ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} microspheres. The visible light photocatalytic activities of the ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} have been evaluated by selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde using molecular oxygen as oxidant. The results show that 100% conversion along with >99% selectivity are reached over ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} prepared in ethanol solvent under visible light irradiation (?>420 nm) of 2 h, but only 58% conversion and 57% yield are reached over ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} prepared in aqueous solvent. A possible mechanism of the high photocatalytic activity for selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol over ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} is proposed and discussed. - Graphical abstract: Marigold-like ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} microspheres were synthesized by a solvothermal method. The high visible photocatalytic activities of ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} were evaluated by selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde under mild conditions. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Marigold-like ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} microspheres were synthesized by a solvothermal method. • The solvents have a remarkably influence on the morphology and properties of samples. • It is the first time to apply ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} for selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol. • ZnIn{sub 2}S{sub 4} shows high photocatalytic activity for selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol.

  3. Synthesis of Naphthalenes through Three-Component Coupling of Alkynes, Fischer Carbene Complexes, and Benzaldehyde Hydrazones via Isoindole Intermediates

    PubMed Central

    Duan, Shaofeng; Sinha-Mahapatra, Dilip K.; Herndon, James W.

    2008-01-01

    The synthesis of naphthalene derivatives through three-component coupling of 2-alkynylbenzaldehyde hydrazones with carbene complexes and electron-deficient alkynes has been examined. The reaction involves formation of an isoindole derivative, followed by intramolecular Diels–Alder reaction, followed by nitrene extrusion. The reaction was highly regioselective using unsymmetrical alkynes. PMID:18351767

  4. Synthesis of naphthalenes through three-component coupling of alkynes, Fischer carbene complexes, and benzaldehyde hydrazones via isoindole intermediates.

    PubMed

    Duan, Shaofeng; Sinha-Mahapatra, Dilip K; Herndon, James W

    2008-04-17

    The synthesis of naphthalene derivatives through three-component coupling of 2-alkynylbenzaldehyde hydrazones with carbene complexes and electron-deficient alkynes has been examined. The reaction involves formation of an isoindole derivative, followed by intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction, followed by nitrene extrusion. The reaction was highly regioselective using unsymmetrical alkynes. PMID:18351767

  5. Complexation of a 1-Indanone Thiosemicarbazone with Hydroxypropyl-?-Cyclodextrin Enhances Its Activity Against a Hepatitis C Virus Surrogate Model.

    PubMed

    Glisoni, Romina J; Castro, Eliana F; Cavallaro, Lucía V; Moglioni, Albertina G; Sosnik, Alejandro

    2015-06-01

    The current standard of care of the infection by hepatitis C virus (HCV) is effective in a limited number of patients and the high cost hinders therapy affordability and compliance. In this context, the research of new direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs) for a more effective and long-lasting therapy is an urgent need and an area of active investigation. In an effort to develop novel DAAs, a series of 1-indanone thiosemicarbazones (TSCs) was synthesized and fully characterized. However, the high self-aggregation tendency and extremely poor aqueous solubility of these antiviral candidates often preclude their reliable biological evaluation in vitro. To maintain constant TSC concentrations over the biological assays, different TSC/cyclodextrin complexes were produced. In the present work, we report for the first time the cytotoxicity and antiviral activity of 5,6-dimethoxy TSC inclusion complexes with hydroxypropyl-?-cyclodextrin on bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) as HCV surrogate model. Results showed a potent suppression of the virus replication, with greater activity for the inclusion complexes than the free compound. PMID:26369033

  6. Growth, spectral, optical, thermal, crystallization perfection and nonlinear optical studies of novel nonlinear optical crystal—Urea thiosemicarbazone monohydrate

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hanumantharao, Redrothu; Kalainathan, S.; Bhagavannarayana, G.

    2012-06-01

    Single crystals of organic nonlinear material urea thiosemicarbazone monohydrate (UTM) have been grown by slow evaporation method. The grown crystals were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that sample crystallized in triclinic system with noncentrosymmetric space group P1. Powder XRD pattern confirmed that grown crystal posses highly crystalline nature. FTIR spectrum was recorded to identify the presence of functional groups and molecular structure was confirmed by 1H NMR spectrum. Material confirmation of title compound has been performed by using mass spectroscopic analysis. Elemental composition of grown crystal was confirmed by energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS). To study the crystalline perfection of the grown crystals, high-resolution X-ray diffraction (HR-XRD) study was carried out. Thermogravimetric and differential thermal analyses were employed to understand the thermal and physio-chemical stability of the synthesized compound. UV-Vis-NIR spectrum revealed the transmission properties of the crystal specimen. Relative SHG efficiency is measured by Kurtz and Perry method and found to about 0.89 times that of standard potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) crystals.

  7. Transition metal complexes of Vanillin- 4N-(2-pyridyl) thiosemicarbazone (H 2VPT); thermal, structural and spectroscopic studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Reash, Gaber Abu; El-Ayaan, Usama; Gabr, I. M.; El-Rachawy, El-Bastawesy

    2010-04-01

    The present work carried out a study on the ligational behavior of the new ligand, Vanillin- 4N-(2-pyridyl) thiosemicarbazone (H 2VPT) 1 towards some transition metal ions namely, Mn 2+, Co 2+, Ni 2+, Cu 2+, Zn 2+,Cd 2+, Hg 2+ and U 6+. These complexes namely [Mn(HVPT)Cl] 2, [Co(VPT)(H 2O)] 2H 2O 3, [Ni(HVPT)Cl(H 2O)] 4, [Cu(HVPT)Cl(H 2O)] 5, [Zn(VPT)(H 2O)]H 2O 6, [Cd(HVPT)Cl(H 2O)] 7, [Hg(VPT)(H 2O)]H 2O 8 and [UO 2(H 2VPT)(OAc) 2]H 2O 9, were characterized by elemental analysis, spectral (IR, 1H NMR and UV-vis) and magnetic moment measurements. The suggested structures were confirmed by applying geometry optimization and conformational analysis. Thermal properties and decomposition kinetics of all compounds are investigated. The interpretation, mathematical analysis and evaluation of kinetic parameters ( E, A, ? H, ? S and ? G) of all thermal decomposition stages have been evaluated using Coats-Redfern equation. ESR spectra of [Cu(HVPT)Cl]H 2O at room temperature show broad signal, indicating spin-exchange interactions between copper(II) ions.

  8. Copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes of benzyloxybenzaldehyde-4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone: Synthesis, characterization and biological activity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prathima, B.; Subba Rao, Y.; Adinarayana Reddy, S.; Reddy, Y. P.; Varada Reddy, A.

    2010-09-01

    Benzyloxybenzaldehyde-4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone ligand (L) has been synthesized from benzyloxybenzaldehyde and 4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazide. Complexes of this ligand with chlorides of Cu(II) and Ni(II) have been prepared. The structure of the ligand (L) is proposed based on elemental analysis, IR and 1H NMR spectra. Its complexes with Cu(II) and Ni(II) ions are characterized from the studies of electronic as well as EPR spectra. On the basis of electronic and EPR studies, rhombically distorted octahedral structure has been proposed for Cu(II) complex while the Ni(II) complex has been found to acquire an octahedral structure. The ligand and their metal complexes have been tested in vitro for their biological effects. Their antibacterial activities against Gram-negative bacteria ( Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae) and Gram-positive bacteria ( Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis) have been investigated. The prepared metal complexes exhibit higher antibacterial activities than the parent ligand. The in vitro antioxidant activity of free ligand and its metal(II) complexes have also been investigated and the results however reveal that the ligand exhibits greater antioxidant activity than its complexes.

  9. Synthesis, spectroscopic, anticancer and antibacterial studies of Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes with 2-carboxybenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chandra, Sulekh; Vandana

    2014-08-01

    Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes of 2-carboxybenzaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (L) were synthesized and investigated by their spectral and analytical data. These newly synthesized complexes have a composition of M(L)X(H2O)2 (where M = Ni(II), Cu(II) and X = Cl-, NO3-, CH3COO-) and (L) is the tridentate Schiff base ligand. The ligand and its complexes have been characterized on the basis of analytical, molar conductivity, magnetic susceptibility measurements, FT-IR, ESR, 1H NMR and electronic spectral analysis. All the compounds were non-electrolytic in nature. On the basis of spectral studies an octahedral geometry has been assigned for Ni(II) and a tetragonal geometry for Cu(II) complexes. The ligand and its metal complexes were screened for their anticancer studies against human breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and calculated minimum inhibitory concentration and also for antibacterial activity using Kirby-Bauer single disk susceptibility test.

  10. New potentiometric transducer based on a Mn(II) [2-formylquinoline thiosemicarbazone] complex for static and hydrodynamic assessment of azides.

    PubMed

    Kamel, Ayman H

    2015-11-01

    A new potentiometric transducer for selective recognition of azide is characterized and developed. The PVC plasticized based sensor incorporates Mn(II) [2-formylquinoline thiosemicarbazone] complex in the presence of tri dodecyl methyl ammonium chloride (TDMAC) as a lipophilic cationic additive. The sensor displayed a near-Nernstian response for azide over 1.0×10(-2)-1.0×10(-5)molL(-1), with an anionic slope of -55.8±0.6mVdecade(-1) and lower limit of detection 0.34µgmL(-1). The sensor was pH independent in the range 5.5-9 and presented good selectivity features towards several inorganic anions, and it is easily used in a flow injection system and compared with a tubular detector. The intrinsic characteristics of the detector in a low dispersion manifold were determined and compared with data obtained under a hydrodynamic mode of operation. This simple and inexpensive automation, with a good potentiometric detector, enabled the analysis of ~33 samples h(-1) without requiring pre-treatment procedures. The proposed method is also applied to the analysis of trace levels of azide in primer mixtures. Significantly improved accuracy, precision, response time, stability and selectivity were offered by these simple and cost-effective potentiometric sensor compared with other standard techniques. The method has the requisite accuracy, sensitivity and precision to determine azide ions. PMID:26452931

  11. Synthesis and evaluation of isatin-?-thiosemicarbazones as novel agents against antibiotic-resistant Gram-positive bacterial species.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Xu-Meng; Guo, Hui; Li, Zai-Shun; Song, Fu-Hang; Wang, Wei-Min; Dai, Huan-Qin; Zhang, Li-Xin; Wang, Jian-Guo

    2015-08-28

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) have caused an increasing mortality rate, which means that antibiotic resistance is becoming an important health issue. In the course to screen new agents for resistant bacteria, we identified that a series of isatin-?-thiosemicarbazones (IBTs) could inhibit the growth of MRSA and VRE. This was the first time that the "familiar" IBT compounds exhibited significant anti Gram-positive pathogen activity. Against a clinical isolated MRSA strain, 20 of the 51 synthesized compounds showed minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) data of 0.78 mg/L and another 12 novel compounds had MICs of 0.39 mg/L. Moreover, these compounds also inhibited Enterococcus faecalis and VRE at similar levels, indicating that IBTs might have different mode of action compared with vancomycin. For these IBTs, comparative field analysis (CoMFA) models were further established to understand the structure-activity relationships in order to design new compounds from steric and electrostatic contributions. This work has suggested that IBTs can be considered as potential lead compounds to discover antibacterial inhibitors to combat drug resistance. PMID:26185006

  12. Synthesis of polymer-bound 4-acetoxy-3-phenylbenzaldehyde derivatives: applications in solid-phase organic synthesis.

    PubMed

    Kumar, Anil; Ye, Guofeng; Ahmadibeni, Yousef; Parang, Keykavous

    2006-09-29

    Aminomethyl polystyrene resin was reacted with 4-(5'-formyl-2'-hydroxyphenyl)benzoic acid and 4-(5'-formyl-2'-hydroxyphenyl)phenyl propionic acid, respectively, in the presence of 1-hydroxybenzotriazole and 1,3-diisopropylcarbodiimide to yield polymer-bound benzaldehydes. The phenolic group in resins was acetylated with acetic anhydride to afford two polymer-bound 4-acetoxybenzaldehydes. The reductive amination of polymer-bound linkers by amines and sodium triacetoxyborohydride, followed by sulfonylation with arylsulfonyl chloride derivatives in the presence of pyridine and the cleavage with TFA/DCM/H2O, produced pure sulfonamides. PMID:16995713

  13. Synthesis and theoretical study of 5-methoxyisatin-3-(N-cyclohexyl)thiosemicarbazone and its Ni(II) and Zn(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kandemirli, Fatma; Arslan, Taner; Karaday?, Nevzat; Ebenso, Eno. E.; Köksoy, Baybars

    2009-12-01

    5-Methoxyisatin-3-(N-cyclohexyl)thiosemicarbazone (H 2MICT) and its Zn(II) and Ni(II) complexes have been synthesized and characterized using IR, 1H NMR, 13C-NMR, MS, UV and elemental analysis. (H 2MICT) ligand has been characterized with X-ray diffraction method also. The possible structures and IR data of the studied molecules were calculated and compared with experimental results using B3LYP/6-31G(d,p) and B3LYP/LANL2DZ methods.

  14. High efficient photocatalytic selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde by solvothermal-synthesized ZnIn2S4 microspheres under visible light irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chen, Zhixin; Xu, Jingjing; Ren, Zhuyun; He, Yunhui; Xiao, Guangcan

    2013-09-01

    Hexagonal ZnIn2S4 samples have been synthesized by a solvothermal method. Their properties have been determined by X-ray diffraction, ultraviolet-visible-light diffuse reflectance spectra, field emission scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption-desorption and X-ray photoelectron spectra. These results demonstrate that ethanol solvent has significant influence on the morphology, optical and electronic nature for such marigold-like ZnIn2S4 microspheres. The visible light photocatalytic activities of the ZnIn2S4 have been evaluated by selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde using molecular oxygen as oxidant. The results show that 100% conversion along with >99% selectivity are reached over ZnIn2S4 prepared in ethanol solvent under visible light irradiation (?>420 nm) of 2 h, but only 58% conversion and 57% yield are reached over ZnIn2S4 prepared in aqueous solvent. A possible mechanism of the high photocatalytic activity for selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol over ZnIn2S4 is proposed and discussed.

  15. Derivative couplings between TDDFT excited states obtained by direct differentiation in the Tamm-Dancoff approximation

    SciTech Connect

    Ou, Qi; Fatehi, Shervin; Alguire, Ethan; Subotnik, Joseph E.; Shao, Yihan

    2014-07-14

    Working within the Tamm-Dancoff approximation, we calculate the derivative couplings between time-dependent density-functional theory excited states by assuming that the Kohn-Sham superposition of singly excited determinants represents a true electronic wavefunction. All Pulay terms are included in our derivative coupling expression. The reasonability of our approach can be established by noting that, for closely separated electronic states in the infinite basis limit, our final expression agrees exactly with the Chernyak-Mukamel expression (with transition densities from response theory). Finally, we also validate our approach empirically by analyzing the behavior of the derivative couplings around the T{sub 1}/T{sub 2} conical intersection of benzaldehyde.

  16. Redox activation of Fe(III)-thiosemicarbazones and Fe(III)-bleomycin by thioredoxin reductase: specificity of enzymatic redox centers and analysis of reactive species formation by ESR spin trapping

    PubMed Central

    Myers, Judith M.; Cheng, Qing; Antholine, William E.; Kalyanaraman, Balaraman; Filipovska, Aleksandra; Arnér, ArnerElias S.J.; Myers, Charles R.

    2013-01-01

    Thiosemicarbazones such as triapine (Tp) and Dp44mT are tridentate iron (Fe) chelators that have well-documented anti-neoplastic activity. While Fe-thiosemicarbazones can undergo redox-cycling to generate reactive species that may have important roles in their cytotoxicity, there is only limited insight into specific cellular agents that can rapidly reduce Fe(III)-thiosemicarbazones and thereby promote their redox activity. Here we report that thioredoxin reductase-1 (TrxR1) and glutathione reductase (GR) have this activity, and that there is considerable specificity to the interactions between specific redox centers in these enzymes and different Fe(III) complexes. Site-directed variants of TrxR1 demonstrate that the selenocysteine (Sec) of the enzyme is not required, whereas the C59 residue and the flavin have important roles. While TrxR1 and GR have analogous C59/flavin motifs, TrxR is considerably faster than GR. For both enzymes, Fe(III)(Tp)2 is reduced faster than Fe(III)(Dp44mT)2. This reduction promotes redox cycling and the generation of hydroxyl radical (HO•) in a peroxide-dependent manner, even with low ?M levels of Fe(Tp)2. TrxR also reduces Fe(III)-bleomycin and this activity is Sec-dependent. TrxR cannot reduce Fe(III)-EDTA at significant rates. Our findings are the first to demonstrate pro-oxidant reductive activation of Fe(III)-based antitumor thiosemicarbazones by interactions with specific enzyme species. The marked elevation of TrxR in many tumors could contribute to the selective tumor toxicity of these drugs by enhancing the redox activation of Fe(III)-thiosemicarbazones and the generation of reactive oxygen species such as HO• PMID:23485585

  17. Partial conversion of thioamide into nitrile in a copper(II) complex of 2,6-diacetylpyridine bis(thiosemicarbazone), a drug prototype for Alzheimer's disease.

    PubMed

    Vieira, Rafael P; Thompson, John R; Beraldo, Heloisa; Storr, Tim

    2015-06-01

    This work reports the crystal structure of [(Z)-2-((E)-1-{6-[1-({[amino(sulfanidyl-?S)methylidene]amino}imino-?N)ethyl]pyridin-2-yl-?N}ethylidene)-1-cyanohydrazinido-?N(1)]copper(II), [Cu(C11H11N7S)], the first description of a copper(II) complex of 2,6-diacetylpyridine bis(thiosemicarbazone) showing partial conversion of a thioamide group to a nitrile group. The asymmetric ligand coordinates to the metal centre in an N,N',N'',S-tetradentate manner via the pyridine N atom, an imine N atom, the hydrazinide N atom and the sulfanidyl S atom, displaying a square-planar geometry. Ligand coordination results in two five-membered chelate rings and one six-membered chelate ring, and in crystal packing based on N-H···N hydrogen bonds of the cyanohydrazinide and hydrazinecarbothioamidate arms of the ligand. The correlation between the partial conversion upon metal complexation, H2S release and possible effects on the activity of bis(thiosemicarbazone)s as drug prototypes for Alzheimer's disease is also discussed. PMID:26044321

  18. A dual radiolabelling approach for tracking metal complexes: investigating the speciation of copper bis(thiosemicarbazonates) in vitro and in vivo.

    PubMed

    Hueting, Rebekka; Kersemans, Veerle; Tredwell, Matthew; Cornelissen, Bart; Christlieb, Martin; Gee, Antony D; Passchier, Jan; Smart, Sean C; Gouverneur, Véronique; Muschel, Ruth J; Dilworth, Jonathan R

    2015-05-01

    Copper(II)bis(thiosemicarbazonato) complexes such as [(64)Cu]Cu-ATSM continue to be investigated for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of tumour hypoxia. However, the currently proposed mechanisms for the mode of action of these complexes are unable to account fully for their observed biological behaviour. In order to examine the roles of the copper metal and the ligand, we designed a pair of (123)I/(64)Cu-copper bis(thiosemicarbazonates), radiolabelled at either the metal or at the ligand. In vitro cellular retention studies of the orthogonal pair demonstrate for the first time that retention under hypoxia involves dissociation of the copper bis(thiosemicarbazone) complex, consistent with the previously suggested mechanism of reductive trapping of copper. In contrast, in vivo biodistribution and dynamic PET/SPECT imaging of the orthogonally labelled complexes underline our previous findings for [(64)Cu]Cu-ATSM and [(64)Cu]Cu-acetate, providing further support for the important contribution of copper metabolism in the in vivo hypoxia selectivity of Cu-ATSM. This dual radiolabelling approach may find applications for determining the speciation of other metal complexes in vitro and in vivo. PMID:25768310

  19. The renaissance of polypharmacology in the development of anti-cancer therapeutics: Inhibition of the "Triad of Death" in cancer by Di-2-pyridylketone thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Jansson, Patric J; Kalinowski, Danuta S; Lane, Darius J R; Kovacevic, Zaklina; Seebacher, Nicole A; Fouani, Leyla; Sahni, Sumit; Merlot, Angelica M; Richardson, Des R

    2015-10-01

    Cancer is a disease that is a "moving target", since as the condition progresses, the molecular targets change and evolve. Moreover, due to clonal selection, a specific anti-cancer drug with one molecular target may only be effective for a limited time period before drug resistance results and the agent becomes ineffective. Hence, the concept of an anti-tumor therapeutic exhibiting polypharmacology can be highly advantageous, rather than a therapeutic obstacle. A novel class of agents possessing these desirable properties are the di-2-pyridylketone thiosemicarbazones, which bind iron and copper to affect a variety of critical molecular targets in tumors. In fact, these compounds possess multiple properties that enable them to overcome the "triad of death" in cancer, namely: primary tumor growth, drug resistance and metastasis. In fact, at the molecular level, their potent anti-oncogenic activity includes: up-regulation of the metastasis suppressor, N-myc downstream regulated gene 1; up-regulation of the tumor suppressor, PTEN; down-regulation of the proto-oncogene, cyclin D1; inhibition of the rate-limiting step in DNA synthesis catalyzed by ribonucleotide reductase; and the inhibition of multiple oncogenic signaling pathways, e.g., Ras/MAPK signaling, protein kinase B (AKT)/phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase, ROCK/pMLC2, etc. This Perspective article discusses the advantages of incorporating polypharmacology into anti-cancer drug design using the di-2-pyridylketone thiosemicarbazones as a pertinent example. PMID:26318762

  20. Synthesis, crystal structure, computational and photophysical studies of new hydrazono-thiazole derivatives decorated with N-methyl tetrahydrocarbazole pendant

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gautam, Deepika; Chaudhary, R. P.

    2015-01-01

    2,3-Dihydro-1H-carbazol-4(9H)-one, obtained from 2,3-Dichloro-5,6-Dicyanobenzoquinone (DDQ) oxidation of tetrahydrocarbazole, on methylation with N, N-dimethylformamide dimethyl acetal (DMF-DMA) furnish N-methyl derivative. The thiosemicarbazone of N-methyl derivative on reaction with 2-bromopropionic acid, ethyl bromopyruvate and dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate (DMAD) afford hydrazono-thiazolidin-4-one derivatives with tetrahydrocarbazole pendant. X-ray diffraction and DFT studies of (Z)-5-methyl-2-((E)-(9-methyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-carbazol-4(9H)-ylidene)hydrazono)thiazolidin-4-one 5 have been reported. The reaction with dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate (DMAD) and ethyl bromopyruvate take place without any catalyst and organic solvent. The photophysical properties of these compounds were studied by means of UV/visible absorption spectroscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy.

  1. Characterization of the anticancer effects of S115, a novel heteroaromatic thiosemicarbazone compound, in vitro and in vivo

    PubMed Central

    Liu, Min-yu; Xiao, Lin; Dong, Yu-qiong; Liu, Ying; Cai, Li; Xiong, Wei-xia; Yao, Yu-long; Yin, Ming; Liu, Quan-hai

    2014-01-01

    Aim: To investigate the anticancer effects of S115, a novel heteroaromatic thiosemicarbazone compound in vitro and in vivo. Methods: The anti-proliferative action of S115 was analyzed in 12 human and mouse cancer cell lines using MTT assay. Autograft and xenograft cancer models were made by subcutaneous inoculation of cancer cells into mice or nude mice. The mice were orally treated with S115 (2, 8, 32 mg·kg?1·d?1) for 7 d, and the tumor size was measured every 3 d. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution were examined using flow cytometry, gene expression profile analyses, Western blots and RT-PCR. Results: The IC50 values of S115 against 12 human and mouse cancer cell lines ranged from 0.3 to 6.6 ?mol/L. The tumor growth inhibition rate caused by oral administration of S115 (32 mg·kg?1·d?1) were 89.7%, 81.7%, 78.4% and 77.8%, respectively, in mouse model of B16 melanoma, mouse model of Colon26 colon cancer, nude mouse model of A549 lung cancer and nude mouse model of SK-OV-3 ovarian cancer. Furthermore, oral administration of S115 (7.5 mg·kg?1·d?1) synergistically enhanced the anticancer effects of cyclophosphamide, cisplatin, or 5-fluorouracil in mouse model of S180 sarcoma. Treatment of A549 human lung cancer cells with S115 (1.5 ?mol/L) induced G0/G1 cell cycle arrest, and increased apoptosis. Furthermore, S115 downregulated the level of ubiquitin, and upregulated the level of Tob2 in A549 cells. Conclusion: S115 exerts anticancer effects against a variety of cancer cells in vitro and in grafted cancer models by inducing apoptosis, downregulating ubiquitin and upregulating Tob2. PMID:25220642

  2. Core-Shell Structural CdS@SnO? Nanorods with Excellent Visible-Light Photocatalytic Activity for the Selective Oxidation of Benzyl Alcohol to Benzaldehyde.

    PubMed

    Liu, Ya; Zhang, Ping; Tian, Baozhu; Zhang, Jinlong

    2015-07-01

    Core-shell structural CdS@SnO2 nanorods (NRs) were fabricated by synthesizing SnO2 nanoparticles with a solvent-assisted interfacial reaction and further anchoring them on the surface of CdS NRs under ultrasonic stirring. The morphology, composition, and microstructures of the obtained samples were characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption-desorption. It was found that SnO2 nanoparticles can be tightly anchored on the surface of CdS NRs, and the thickness of SnO2 shells can be conveniently adjusted by simply changing the addition amount of SnO2 quantum dots. UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectrum indicated that SnO2 shell layer also can enhance the visible light absorption of CdS NRs to a certain extent. The results of transient photocurrents and photoluminescence spectra revealed that the core-shell structure can effectively promote the separation rate of electron-hole pairs and prolong the lifetime of electrons. Compared with the single CdS NRs, the core-shell structural CdS@SnO2 exhibited a remarkably enhanced photocatalytic activity for selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol (BA) to benzaldehyde (BAD) under visible light irradiation, attributed to the more efficient separation of electrons and holes, improved surface area, and enhanced visible light absorption of core-shell structure. The radical scavenging experiments proved that in acetonitrile solution, ·O2- and holes are the main reactive species responsible for BA to BAD transformation, and the lack of ·OH radicals is favorable to obtaining high reaction selectivity. PMID:26057028

  3. Metformin induces an intracellular reductive state that protects oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells against cisplatin but not copper-bis(thiosemicarbazones)

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a highly aggressive carcinoma with a poor survival rate. One of the most commonly used chemotherapeutic drugs, cisplatin, displays varied and often poor efficacy in vivo. Therefore, alternative, cost-effective and more efficacious treatments are required. Metformin has been previously shown to reduce proliferative rates in various carcinoma cell lines. We report for the first time, the effect of metformin on OSCC cell proliferation and show that it antagonises cisplatin-induced but not copper-bis(thiosemicarbazone)-induced cytotoxicity in OSCC cells. Methods Cell proliferation and stage of the cell cycle were quantified by trypan blue counts and flow cytometry, respectively. All cytotoxicity measurements were made using the tetrazolium based MTT assay. Metabolic alterations to cells were determined as follows: glycolysis via a lactate dehydrogenase assay, reducing equivalents by MTT reduction and reduced intracellular thiols by monobromobimane-thiol fluorescence, and glutathione depletion using buthionine sulfoximine. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to quantify cisplatin-DNA adduct formation. Results Metformin was found to reduce cell proliferation significantly in all OSCC cell lines, with an accumulation of cells in G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle. However, metformin significantly protected OSCC cells against cisplatin toxicity. Our results indicate that a major mechanism of metformin-induced cisplatin resistance results from a significant increase in glycolysis, intracellular NAD(P)H levels with a concomitant increase in reduced intracellular thiols, leading to decreased cisplatin-DNA adduct formation. The glutathione synthesis inhibitor buthionine sulfoximine significantly ablated the protective effect of metformin. We subsequently show that the copper-bis(thiosemicarbazones), Cu-ATSM and Cu-GTSM, which are trapped in cells under reducing conditions, cause significant OSCC cytotoxicity, both alone and in combination with metformin. Conclusions This is the first study showing that metformin can be used to decrease cell proliferation in OSCC cells. However, metformin protects against cisplatin cytotoxicity by inducing a reducing intracellular environment leading to lower cisplatin-DNA adduct formation. As such, we advise that caution be used when administering cisplatin to diabetic patients treated with metformin. Furthermore, we propose a novel combination therapy approach for OSCC that utilises metformin with metformin-compatible cytotoxic agents, such as the copper-bis(thiosemicarbazones), Cu-ATSM and Cu-GTSM. PMID:24886082

  4. Thiosemicarbazone-Pt(II) Complex Causes a Growth Inhibitory Effect on Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

    PubMed

    Garcia-Ruiz, Josefa Predestinacion; Matesanz Garcia, Ana Isabel; Souza, Ana Perez; Castelo, Pilar Souza

    2015-01-01

    We showed di[3,5-diacetyl-1,2,4-triazolbis(4-cyclohexylthiosemicarbazonato) platinum(II)] complex, (W8), endowed with important antitumor properties. Here, we analysed whether W8 can affect human bone marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells, (hMSCs), involved in tissue repair, immunomodulatory properties and also capacity for homing to injure-tumor sites in ovarian cancer. Specifically, we analysed the effect of W8 on cell proliferation, response to scratch, and whether copper-derived cellular mechanism is used by this platinum(II) complex being studied. Results showed that W8 causes a significant inhibition of cell proliferation at µM concentration. This effect is directly related to the alteration of cytoskeletal proteins and inhibition of the response to scratch induced by the presence of foetal bovine serum. This strongly supports the notion of W8 triggers the energetic metabolism of hMSCs and adds an extra support by the results showing W8 relationship with the cellular copper ions. W8, acting in hMSCs, regulates in addition the inhibition of cell proliferation, the inhibition of tumor angiogenesis and metastasis. PMID:25974080

  5. Synthesis, molecular structure, spectral analysis, natural bond order and intramolecular interactions of 2-acetylpyridine thiosemicarbazone: A combined DFT and AIM approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, Ravindra Kumar; Singh, Ashok Kumar

    2015-08-01

    2-Acetylpyridine thiosemicarbazone was synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, 1H, 13C NMR, IR, UV and ESI-MS mass spectrometry. Quantum chemical calculations have been performed at DFT level of theory using B3LYP functional and 6-31G (d, p) as basis set. Potential energy distribution (PED) for the normal modes of vibrations was done using Gar2ped program. The time dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) was used to assign the various electronic transitions within molecule in gas as well as solvent phase. Non linear optical (NLO) behavior of title compound was investigated by the computed value of first hyperpolarizability (?0). Stability of molecule as a result of hyperconjugative interactions and electron delocalization was analyzed using NBO analysis. The HOMO and LUMO analysis is used to determine the charge transfer within the molecule. Intramolecular interactions were analyzed by AIM approach. The chemical reactivity descriptors were calculated to study the reactive sites within molecule.

  6. Crystal structure of 3-[({2-[bis­(2-hy­droxy­benz­yl)amino]­eth­yl}(2-hy­droxy­benz­yl)amino)­meth­yl]-2-hydroxy-5-methyl­benzaldehyde

    PubMed Central

    Fonseca, Alexandra S.; Bortoluzzi, Adailton J.

    2014-01-01

    The non-symmetric title mol­ecule, C32H34N2O5, is based on a tetra­substituted ethyl­enedi­amine backbone. The mol­ecular structure consists of three hy­droxy­benzyl groups and one 2-hy­droxy-5-methyl­benzaldehyde group bonded to the N atoms of the di­amine unit. The ethyl­enedi­amine skeleton shows a regular extended conformation, while the spatial orientation of the phenol arms is governed by hydrogen bonds. In the 2-hy­droxy-5-methyl­benzaldehyde group, an intra­molecular S(6) O—H?O hydrogen bond is observed between the alcohol and aldehyde functions, and the neighbouring phenol arm participates in an intra­molecular S(6) O—H?N hydrogen bond. The third phenol group is involved in a bifurcated intra­molecular hydrogen bond with graph-set notation S(6) for O—H?N and O—H?O intra­molecular hydrogen bonds between neighbouring amine and phenol arms, respectively. Finally, the fourth phenol group acts as an acceptor in a bifurcated intra­molecular hydrogen bond and also acts as donor in an inter­molecular hydrogen bond, which connects inversion-related mol­ecules into dimers with R 4 4(8) ring motifs. PMID:25552993

  7. Determination of human serum semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase activity via flow injection analysis with fluorescence detection after online derivatization of the enzymatically produced benzaldehyde with 1,2-diaminoanthraquinone.

    PubMed

    El-Maghrabey, Mahmoud H; Kishikawa, Naoya; Ohyama, Kaname; Imazato, Takahiro; Ueki, Yukitaka; Kuroda, Naotaka

    2015-06-30

    A fast, simple, and sensitive flow injection analysis method was developed for the measurement of semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) activity in human serum. Benzaldehyde, generated by the action of SSAO after incubation of serum with benzylamine, was derivatized with a novel aromatic aldehyde-specific reagent (1,2-diaminoanthraquinone) and the fluorescent product was measured by fluorescence detection at excitation and emission wavelengths of 390 and 570nm, respectively. Serum SSAO activity was defined as benzaldehyde (nmol) formed per milliliter serum per hour. The method was linear over SSAO activity of 0.2-150.0nmolmL(-1)h(-1) with a detection limit of 0.06nmolmL(-1)h(-1). The %RSD of intra-day and inter-day precision did not exceed 9.4% and the accuracy ranged from -6.5 to -0.6%. The method was applied for the determination of the serum SSAO activity in healthy controls (C, n=24) and diabetes mellitus patients (DM, n=18). It was demonstrated that the activity (mean±SE) of SSAO in diabetics sera was significantly higher than that in healthy subjects' ones (DM; 73.3±1.8nmolmL(-1)h(-1)vs C; 58.9±2.2nmolmL(-1)h(-1), P<0.01). PMID:26041530

  8. Isatin-3-N4-benzilthiosemicarbazone, a non-toxic thiosemicarbazone derivative, protects and reactivates rat and human cholinesterases inhibited by methamidophos in vitro and in silico.

    PubMed

    Barcelos, Rômulo Pillon; de Lima Portella, Rafael; Lugokenski, Thiago Henrique; da Rosa, Edovando José Flores; Amaral, Guilherme Pires; Garcia, Luiz Filipe Machado; Bresolin, Leandro; Carratu, Vanessa; Soares, Félix Alexandre Antunes; de Vargas Barbosa, Nilda Berenice

    2012-09-01

    Organophosphates (OPs), which are widely used as pesticides, are acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitors. The inactivation of AChE results in the accumulation of acetylcholine at cholinergic receptor sites, causing a cholinergic crisis that can lead to death. The classical treatment for OP poisoning is administration of oximes, but these compounds are ineffective in some cases. Here we determined whether the new compound isatin-3-N(4)-benzilthiosemicarbazone (IBTC), which in our previous study proved to be an antioxidant and antiatherogenic molecule, could protect and reactivate AChE and BChE. Toxicity of IBTC after subcutaneous injection in mice was measured using assays for oxidized diclorofluoresceine (DCF), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), non-protein thiol (NPSH) levels, and catalase (CAT), sodium potassium (Na(+)/K(+)) ATPase, delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALA-D), and glutathione peroxidases (GPx) enzyme activities. The cytotoxicity was evaluated and the enzymatic activity of cholinesterase was measured in human blood samples. Molecular docking was used to predict the mechanism of IBTC interactions with the AChE active site. We found that IBTC did not increase the amount of DCF-RS or TBARS, did not reduce NPSH levels, and did not increase CAT, (Na(+)/K(+)) ATPase, ALA-D, or GPx activities. IBTC protected and reactivated both AChE and BChE activities. Molecular docking predicted that IBTC is positioned at the peripheral anionic site and in the acyl binding pocket of AChE and can interact with methamidophos, releasing the enzyme's active site. Our results suggest that IBTC, besides being an antioxidant and a promising antiatherogenic agent, is a non-toxic molecule for methamidophos poisoning treatment. PMID:22542756

  9. Synthesis, characterization and molecular sensing capability of fac-[Re(CO) 3(? 2-N,N-dpktsc)Cl] where dpktsc = di-2-pyridylketone thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bakir, Mohammed; Brown, Ordel

    2009-07-01

    When di-2-pyridyl ketone thiosemicarbazone (dpktsc) was allowed to react with [Re(CO) 5Cl] in toluene under reflux, fac-[Re(CO) 3(? 2-N,N-dpktsc)Cl] was isolated in good yield. The identity of fac-[Re(CO) 3(? 2-N,N-dpktsc)Cl] was established from the results of its elemental analysis, spectroscopic, and electrochemical properties. The infrared spectra of fac-[Re(CO) 3(? 2-N,N-dpktsc)Cl] show the facial coordination of the carbonyl groups, and the pyridyl N,N-coordination of dpktsc. 1H NMR measurements on fac-[Re(CO) 3(? 2-N,N-dpktsc)Cl] in d6-dmso and d6-acetone confirmed the pyridyl N,N-coordination of dpktsc, and showed strong solvent dependence as manifested by the sensitivity of thioamide and ammine protons to their surroundings. The electronic absorption spectra of fac-[Re(CO) 3(? 2-N,N-dpktsc)Cl] in protophilic solvents (dmso and dmf) display two intra-ligand charge transfer (ILCT) transitions at 476 and 360 nm and in non-protophilic solvents a single ILCT transition at 346 nm in CH 3CN and 342 nm in CH 2Cl 2. Reversible interconversion between fac-[Re(CO) 3(? 2-N,N-dpktsc)Cl] and its conjugate base was established in protophilic solvents using a base to shift the equilibrium to the conjugate base and an acid to shift the equilibrium or conjugate base to the neutral form. Substrates in concentrations as low as 1 × 10 -10 M can be detected and determined using protophilic solutions of fac-[Re(CO) 3(? 2-N,N-dpktsc)Cl]. When MCl 2 (M = Zn, Cd or Hg) was allowed to interact with fac-[Re(CO) 3(? 2-N,N-dpktsc)Cl] in protophilic solvents, the intensity of the low energy ILCT band disappeared and a shift in the high energy ILCT electronic transition was observed that hints to the coordination of MCl 2 to fac-[Re(CO) 3(? 2-N,N-dpktsc)Cl]. Electrochemical measurements on fac-[Re(CO) 3(? 2-N,N-dpktsc)Cl] in dmf showed sequential irreversible redox processes in accord with the electrochemical reduction or oxidation of the thiosemicarbazone moiety.

  10. Derivative chameleons

    SciTech Connect

    Noller, Johannes

    2012-07-01

    We consider generalized chameleon models where the conformal coupling between matter and gravitational geometries is not only a function of the chameleon field ?, but also of its derivatives via higher order co-ordinate invariants (such as ?{sub ?}??{sup ?}?,??,...). Specifically we consider the first such non-trivial conformal factor A(?,?{sub ?}??{sup ?}?). The associated phenomenology is investigated and we show that such theories have a new generic mass-altering mechanism, potentially assisting the generation of a sufficiently large chameleon mass in dense environments. The most general effective potential is derived for such derivative chameleon setups and explicit examples are given. Interestingly this points us to the existence of a purely derivative chameleon protected by a shift symmetry for ? ? ?+c. We also discuss potential ghost-like instabilities associated with mass-lifting mechanisms and find another, mass-lowering and instability-free, branch of solutions. This suggests that, barring fine-tuning, stable derivative models are in fact typically anti-chameleons that suppress the field's mass in dense environments. Furthermore we investigate modifications to the thin-shell regime and prove a no-go theorem for chameleon effects in non-conformal geometries of the disformal type.

  11. Derivative Chameleons

    E-print Network

    Johannes Noller

    2012-03-29

    We consider generalized chameleon models where the conformal coupling between matter and gravitational geometries is not only a function of the chameleon field \\phi, but also of its derivatives via higher order co-ordinate invariants. Specifically we consider the first such non-trivial conformal factor A(\\phi,X), where X is the canonical kinetic term for \\phi. The associated phenomenology is investigated and we show that such theories have a new generic mass-altering mechanism, potentially assisting the generation of a sufficiently large chameleon mass in dense environments. The most general effective potential is derived for such derivative chameleon setups and explicit examples are given. Interestingly this points us to the existence of a purely derivative chameleon protected by a shift symmetry for \\phi. We also discuss potential ghost-like instabilities associated with mass-lifting mechanisms and find another, mass-lowering and instability-free, branch of solutions. This suggests that, barring fine-tuning, stable derivative models are in fact typically anti-chameleons that suppress the field's mass in dense environments. Furthermore we investigate modifications to the thin-shell regime and prove a no-go theorem for chameleon effects in non-conformal geometries of the disformal type.

  12. Derivative chameleons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Noller, Johannes

    2012-07-01

    We consider generalized chameleon models where the conformal coupling between matter and gravitational geometries is not only a function of the chameleon field phi, but also of its derivatives via higher order co-ordinate invariants (such as ??phi??phi,squphi,...). Specifically we consider the first such non-trivial conformal factor A(phi,??phi??phi). The associated phenomenology is investigated and we show that such theories have a new generic mass-altering mechanism, potentially assisting the generation of a sufficiently large chameleon mass in dense environments. The most general effective potential is derived for such derivative chameleon setups and explicit examples are given. Interestingly this points us to the existence of a purely derivative chameleon protected by a shift symmetry for phi ? phi+c. We also discuss potential ghost-like instabilities associated with mass-lifting mechanisms and find another, mass-lowering and instability-free, branch of solutions. This suggests that, barring fine-tuning, stable derivative models are in fact typically anti-chameleons that suppress the field's mass in dense environments. Furthermore we investigate modifications to the thin-shell regime and prove a no-go theorem for chameleon effects in non-conformal geometries of the disformal type.

  13. Three novel compounds of 5-trifluoromethoxy-1H-indole-2,3-dione 3-thiosemicarbazone: Synthesis, crystal structures and molecular interactions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaynak, Filiz Betül; Özbey, Süheyla; Karal?, Nilgün

    2013-10-01

    5-Trifluoromethoxy-1H-indole-2,3-dione 3-(N-ethyl/benzylthiosemicarbazone) (2a/2b) and 5-trifluoromethoxy-1-morpholinomethyl-1H-indole-2,3-dione 3-(N-ethylthiosemicarbazone) (3a) were synthesized. The structures of the compounds were confirmed by elemental analysis, spectral data and X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis. The morpholin ring which adopts chair conformation and ethylamino group of 3a are disordered over two sets of sites with unequal occupancy. The indole heterocycle is nearly planar and the dihedral angle between the pyrrole and the adjacent phenyl ring is 2.09° (in 2a), 4.61° (in 2b) and 2.16° (in 3a). In all three crystal structures, a strong Nsbnd H···O hydrogen bond links the flat conjugated Hsbnd Nsbnd Ndbnd Csbnd Cdbnd O fragment into a six-membered ring. The molecules 2a, 2b and 3a have potential groups of proton donors (thiosemicarbazone group) available for hydrogen bonding. The structures 2b and 3a consist of isolated molecules, while that of 2a contains dimers formed by Csbnd H⋯O hydrogen bonds. The molecules are linked into three dimensional framework structure by a combination of mainly Nsbnd H⋯N and Nsbnd H⋯O hydrogen bonds and weak Csbnd F⋯? and ?⋯? interactions.

  14. Synthesis, spectral characterization and biological activities of Mn(II) and Co(II) complexes with benzyloxybenzaldehyde-4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prathima, B.; Subba Rao, Y.; Ramesh, G. N.; Jagadeesh, M.; Reddy, Y. P.; Chalapathi, P. V.; Varada Reddy, A.

    2011-06-01

    Mn(II) and Co(II) complexes of benzyloxybenzaldehyde-4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone have been synthesized and characterized by the investigations of electronic and EPR spectra and X-ray diffraction. Based on the spectral studies, an octahedral geometry is assigned for the Mn(II) and Co(II) complexes. X-ray powder diffraction studies reveal that Mn(II) and Co(II) complexes have triclinic crystal lattices. The unit cell parameters of the Mn(II) complex are a = 11.0469 Å, b = 6.2096 Å, c = 7.4145 Å, ? = 90.646°, ? = 95.127°, ? = 104.776°, V = 489.7 Å 3 and those of Co(II) complex are a = 9.3236 Å, b = 10.2410 Å, c = 7.8326 Å, ? = 90.694°, ? = 99.694°, ? = 100.476°, V = 724.2 Å 3. When the free ligand and its metal complexes are subjected to antibacterial activity, the metal complexes are proved to be more active than the ligand. However with regard to in vitro antioxidant activity, the ligand exhibits greater antioxidant activity than its metal(II) complexes.

  15. Spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman) and quantum mechanical studies of 3t-pentyl-2r,6c-diphenylpiperidin-4-one thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Savithiri, S.; Arockia doss, M.; Rajarajan, G.; Thanikachalam, V.; Bharanidharan, S.; Saleem, H.

    2015-02-01

    In this study, the molecular structure and vibrational spectra of 3t-pentyl2r,6c-diphenylpiperidin-4-one thiosemicarbazone (PDPOTSC) were studied. The ground-state molecular geometry was ascertained by using the density functional theory (DFT)/B3LYP method using 6-31++G(d,p) as a basis set. The vibrational (FT-IR and FT-Raman) spectra of PDPOTSC were computed using DFT/B3LYP and HF methods with 6-31++G(d,p) basis set. The fundamental vibrations were assigned on the basis of the total energy distribution (TED ? 10%) of the vibrational modes, calculated with scaled quantum mechanics (SQM) methods PQS program. The electrical dipole moment (?) and first hyperpolarizability (?o) values have been computed using DFT/B3LYP and HF methods. The calculated result (?o) shows that the title molecule might have nonlinear optical (NLO) behavior. Atomic charges of C, N, S and molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) were calculated using B3LYP/6-31G++(d,p). The HOMO-LUMO energies were calculated and natural bonding orbital (NBO) analysis has also been carried out.

  16. Spectroscopic (FT-IR, FT-Raman) and quantum mechanical studies of 3t-pentyl-2r,6c-diphenylpiperidin-4-one thiosemicarbazone.

    PubMed

    Savithiri, S; Arockia doss, M; Rajarajan, G; Thanikachalam, V; Bharanidharan, S; Saleem, H

    2015-02-01

    In this study, the molecular structure and vibrational spectra of 3t-pentyl2r,6c-diphenylpiperidin-4-one thiosemicarbazone (PDPOTSC) were studied. The ground-state molecular geometry was ascertained by using the density functional theory (DFT)/B3LYP method using 6-31++G(d,p) as a basis set. The vibrational (FT-IR and FT-Raman) spectra of PDPOTSC were computed using DFT/B3LYP and HF methods with 6-31++G(d,p) basis set. The fundamental vibrations were assigned on the basis of the total energy distribution (TED?10%) of the vibrational modes, calculated with scaled quantum mechanics (SQM) methods PQS program. The electrical dipole moment (?) and first hyperpolarizability (?o) values have been computed using DFT/B3LYP and HF methods. The calculated result (?o) shows that the title molecule might have nonlinear optical (NLO) behavior. Atomic charges of C, N, S and molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) were calculated using B3LYP/6-31G++(d,p). The HOMO-LUMO energies were calculated and natural bonding orbital (NBO) analysis has also been carried out. PMID:25448976

  17. Synthesis, molecular structure and spectral analysis of ethyl 4-formyl-3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxylate thiosemicarbazone: A combined DFT and AIM approach

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Singh, R. N.; Kumar, Amit; Tiwari, R. K.; Rawat, Poonam; Verma, Divya; Baboo, Vikas

    2012-05-01

    A new ethyl 4-formyl-3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxylate thiosemicarbazone (EFDMPCT) has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and FT-IR, 1H NMR, UV-Visible, DART-mass spectroscopy. Quantum chemical calculations have been performed by DFT level of theory using B3LYP functional and 6-31G (d,p) as basis set. The calculated 1H NMR chemical shifts using gauge including atomic orbitals (GIAO) approach are in good agreement with the observed chemical shifts. The electronic transitions within molecule have been interpreted using the time dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT). The calculated and experimental wavenumbers analyses confirm the existence of dimer. Topological parameters electron density, Laplacian of electron density, kinetic electron energy density, potential electron density and the total electron energy density at the bond critical points (BCP) analyzed using 'Atoms in Molecules' AIM theory reveals intra and inter molecular hydrogen bonding other weaker interactions in detail. The calculated intermolecular hydrogen bond energy of dimer is -12.2176 kcal/mol using AIM calculation. The results of AIM ellipticity confirm the existence of resonance assisted hydrogen bonds in dimer. The calculated thermodynamic parameters show that reaction is exothermic and non-spontaneous at room temperature. The local reactivity descriptors find the reactive sites within molecules have been calculated.

  18. Synthesis of a DNA-targeting nickel (II) complex with testosterone thiosemicarbazone which exhibits selective cytotoxicity towards human prostate cancer cells (LNCaP).

    PubMed

    Heng, Mok Piew; Sinniah, Saravana Kumar; Teoh, Wuen Yew; Sim, Kae Shin; Ng, Seik Weng; Cheah, Yoke Kqueen; Tan, Kong Wai

    2015-11-01

    Testosterone thiosemicarbazone, L and its nickel (II) complex 1 were synthesized and characterized by using FTIR, CHN, (1)H NMR, and X-ray crystallography. X-ray diffraction study confirmed the formation of L from condensation of testosterone and thiosemicarbazide. Mononuclear complex 1 is coordinated to two Schiff base ligands via two imine nitrogens and two tautomeric thiol sulfurs. The cytotoxicity of both compounds was investigated via MTT assay with cisplatin as positive reference standard. L is more potent towards androgen-dependent LNCaP (prostate) and HCT 116 (colon). On the other hand, complex 1, which is in a distorted square planar environment with L acting as a bidentate NS-donor ligand, is capable of inhibiting the growth of all the cancer cell lines tested, including PC-3 (prostate). It is noteworthy that both compounds are less toxic towards human colon cell CCD-18Co. The intrinsic DNA binding constant (Kb) of both compounds were evaluated via UV-Vis spectrophotometry. Both compounds showed Kb values which are comparable to the reported Kb value of typical classical intercalator such as ethidium bromide. The binding constant of the complex is almost double compared with ligand L. Both compounds were unable to inhibit the action topoisomerase I, which is the common target in cancer treatment (especially colon cancer). This suggest a topoisomerase I independent-cell death mechanism. PMID:26057090

  19. Computational study of the vibrational spectroscopic studies, natural bond orbital, frontier molecular orbital and second-order non-linear optical properties of acetophenone thiosemicarbazone molecule

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xiao-Hong; Mei, Zheng; Zhang, Xian-Zhou

    2014-01-01

    The vibrational frequencies of acetophenone thiosemicarbazone in the ground state have been calculated using density functional method (B3LYP) with 6-31G(d), 6-31G(d,p) and 6-311++G(d,p) basis sets. The analysis of natural bond orbital was also performed. The IR spectra were obtained and interpreted by means of potential energies distributions (PEDs) using MOLVIB program. In addition, the results show that there exist Nsbnd H…N and Nsbnd H…S hydrogen bonds in the title compound, which play a major role in stabilizing the molecule and are confirmed by the natural bond orbital analysis. The predicted NLO properties show that the title compound is a good candidate as second-order NLO material. In addition, the frontier molecular orbitals were analyzed and the crystal structure obtained by molecular mechanics belongs to the Pbca space group, with lattice parameters Z = 8, a = 16.0735 Å, b = 7.1719 Å, c = 7.8725 Å, ? = 0.808 g/cm3.

  20. Crystal structures of copper(II) chloride, copper(II) bromide, and copper(II) nitrate complexes with pyridine-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone

    SciTech Connect

    Chumakov, Yu. M.; Tsapkov, V. I.; Jeanneau, E.; Bairac, N. N.; Bocelli, G.; Poirier, D.; Roy, J.; Gulea, A. P.

    2008-09-15

    The crystal structures of chloro-(2-formylpyridinethiosemicarbazono)copper dimethyl sulfoxide solvate (I), bromo-(2-formylpyridinethiosemicarbazono)copper (II), and (2-formylpyridinethiosemicarbazono)copper(II) nitrate dimethyl sulfoxide solvate (III) are determined using X-ray diffraction. In the crystals, complexes I and II form centrosymmetric dimers in which the thiosemicarbazone sulfur atom serves as a bridge and occupies the fifth coordination site of the copper atom of the neighboring complex related to the initial complex through the center of symmetry. In both cases, the coordination polyhedron of the complexing ion is a distorted tetragonal bipyramid. Complex III in the crystal structure forms polymer chains in which the copper atom of one complex forms the coordination bond with the thicarbamide nitrogen atom of the neighboring complex. In this structure, the coordination polyhedron of the central atom is an elongated tetragonal bipyramid. It is established that complexes I-III at a concentration of 10{sup -5} mol/l selectively inhibit the growth of 60 to 90 percent of the cancer tumor cells of the human myeloid leukemia (HL-60).

  1. Crystal structures of copper(II) chloride, copper(II) bromide, and copper(II) nitrate complexes with pyridine-2-carbaldehyde thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chumakov, Yu. M.; Tsapkov, V. I.; Jeanneau, E.; Bairac, N. N.; Bocelli, G.; Poirier, D.; Roy, J.; Gulea, A. P.

    2008-09-01

    The crystal structures of chloro-(2-formylpyridinethiosemicarbazono)copper dimethyl sulfoxide solvate ( I), bromo-(2-formylpyridinethiosemicarbazono)copper ( II), and (2-formylpyridinethiosemicarbazono)copper(II) nitrate dimethyl sulfoxide solvate ( III) are determined using X-ray diffraction. In the crystals, complexes I and II form centrosymmetric dimers in which the thiosemicarbazone sulfur atom serves as a bridge and occupies the fifth coordination site of the copper atom of the neighboring complex related to the initial complex through the center of symmetry. In both cases, the coordination polyhedron of the complexing ion is a distorted tetragonal bipyramid. Complex III in the crystal structure forms polymer chains in which the copper atom of one complex forms the coordination bond with the thicarbamide nitrogen atom of the neighboring complex. In this structure, the coordination polyhedron of the central atom is an elongated tetragonal bipyramid. It is established that complexes I III at a concentration of 10-5 mol/l selectively inhibit the growth of 60 to 90 percent of the cancer tumor cells of the human myeloid leukemia (HL-60).

  2. Simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of copper, cobalt, nickel and iron in foodstuffs and vegetables with a new bis thiosemicarbazone ligand using chemometric approaches.

    PubMed

    Rohani Moghadam, Masoud; Poorakbarian Jahromi, Sayedeh Maria; Darehkordi, Ali

    2016-02-01

    A newly synthesized bis thiosemicarbazone ligand, (2Z,2'Z)-2,2'-((4S,5R)-4,5,6-trihydroxyhexane-1,2-diylidene)bis(N-phenylhydrazinecarbothioamide), was used to make a complex with Cu(2+), Ni(2+), Co(2+) and Fe(3+) for their simultaneous spectrophotometric determination using chemometric methods. By Job's method, the ratio of metal to ligand in Ni(2+) was found to be 1:2, whereas it was 1:4 for the others. The effect of pH on the sensitivity and selectivity of the formed complexes was studied according to the net analyte signal (NAS). Under optimum conditions, the calibration graphs were linear in the ranges of 0.10-3.83, 0.20-3.83, 0.23-5.23 and 0.32-8.12 mg L(-1) with the detection limits of 2, 3, 4 and 10 ?g L(-1) for Cu(2+), Co(2+), Ni(2+) and Fe(3+) respectively. The OSC-PLS1 for Cu(2+) and Ni(2+), the PLS1 for Co(2+) and the PC-FFANN for Fe(3+) were selected as the best models. The selected models were successfully applied for the simultaneous determination of elements in some foodstuffs and vegetables. PMID:26304369

  3. Spectroscopic characterization, antioxidant and antitumour studies of novel bromo substituted thiosemicarbazone and its copper(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jagadeesh, M.; Lavanya, M.; Kalangi, Suresh K.; Sarala, Y.; Ramachandraiah, C.; Varada Reddy, A.

    2015-01-01

    A new, slightly distorted octahedral complex of copper(II), square planar complexes of nickel(II) and palladium(II) with 2,4?-dibromoacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (DBAPTSC) are synthesized. The ligand and the complexes are characterized by FT-IR, FT-Raman, powder X-ray diffraction studies. The IR and Raman data are correlated for the presence of the functional groups which specifically helped in the confirmation of the compounds. In addition, the free ligand is unambiguously characterized by 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy while the copper(II) complex is characterized by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR). The g values for the same are found to be 2.246 (g1), 2.012 (g2) and 2.005 (g3) which suggested rhombic distortions. The HOMO-LUMO band gap calculations for these compounds are found to be in between 0.5 and 4.0 eV and these compounds are identified as semiconducting materials. The synthesized ligand and its copper(II), nickel(II) and palladium(II) complexes are subjected to antitumour activity against the HepG2 human hepatoblastoma cell lines. Among all the compounds, nickel(II) complex is found to exert better antitumour activity with 57.6% of cytotoxicity.

  4. Halo-substituted thiosemicarbazones and their copper(II), nickel(II) complexes: Detailed spectroscopic characterization and study of antitumour activity against HepG2 human hepatoblastoma cells

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jagadeesh, M.; Kalangi, Suresh K.; Sivarama Krishna, L.; Reddy, A. Varada

    2014-01-01

    Copper(II) and nickel(II) complexes of two different halogen substituted thiosemicarbazone ligands were synthesized. The ligands 3,4-difluoroacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (1) and 2-bromo-4'-chloroacetophenone thiosemicarbazone (2) were characterized and confirmed spectroscopically by FT-IR, FT-Raman, UV-vis and fluorescence spectral analysis, while the respective copper(II) complexes [Cu(C9H9N3F2S)2Cl2] (1a), [Cu(C9H9N3ClBrS)2Cl2] (2a) and nickel(II) complexes [Ni(C9H9N3F2S)2] (1b), [Ni(C9H9N3ClBrS)2] (2b) were characterized by FT-IR, UV-vis and electron paramagnetic spectroscopy (EPR). The EPR spectra of the Cu(II) complexes provided the rhombic octahedral and axial symmetry of the complexes 1a and 2a respectively. For the complex 1a, the g values calculated as g1 = 2.1228, g2 = 2.0706 and g3 = 2.001 between 2900 and 3300 G. While for the complex 2a, a set of two resonance absorptions were observed. The synthesized compounds were tested for antitumor activity and showed that the ability to kill liver cancer cells significantly. Out of all the synthesized compounds, copper(II) complexes 1a and 2a showed high cytotoxic effect on liver cancer cells with 67.51% and 42.77% of cytotoxicity respectively at 100 ?M.

  5. Antifungal Activities of Copper(II) with Biosensitive Macrocyclic Schiff Base Ligands Derived from 4-Aminoantipyrine Derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Joseph, J.

    2009-01-01

    Novel copper(II) complexes have been synthesized from the macrocyclic Schiff bases derived from Knoevenagel condensed ?-ketoanilides (obtained by the condensation of acetoacetanilide and substituted benzaldehydes), 4-aminoantipyrine and o-phenylene diamine. The structural features have been determined from their analytical and spectral data. All the Cu(II) complexes exhibit square planar geometry. Their high molar conductance values support their 1 : 2 electrolytic nature. The magnetic moment data provide evidence for the monomeric nature of the complexes. The X-band ESR spectra of the [CuL1](OAc)2 in DMSO solution at 300 and 77 K were recorded and their salient features are reported. The in vitro biological screening effects of the investigated compounds were tested against the bacterial species Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus vulgaris and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and fungal species Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus stolonifer, Aspergillus flavus, Rhizoctonia bataicola and Candida albicans by well diffusion method. A comparative study of inhibition values of the Schiff bases and their complexes indicate that complexes exhibit higher antimicrobial activity than the Schiff bases. Copper ions proved to be essential for the growth-inhibitor effect. The extent of inhibition appeared to be strongly dependent on the initial cell density and on the growth medium. PMID:23983523

  6. Derivatives of the triaminoguanidinium ion, 3. Multiple N-functionalization of the triaminoguanidinium ion with isocyanates and isothiocyanates

    PubMed Central

    Szabo, Jan; Karger, Kerstin; Bucher, Nicolas

    2014-01-01

    Summary 1,2,3-Triaminoguanidinium chloride was combined with benzaldehyde and hydratropic aldehyde to furnish the corresponding tris(imines), which were converted into 1,2,3-tris(benzylamino)guanidinium salts by catalytic hydrogenation in the former, and by borane reduction in the latter case. The resulting alkyl-substituted triaminoguanidinium salts underwent a threefold carbamoylation with aryl isocyanates to furnish 1,2,3-tris(ureido)guanidinium salts, while p-toluenesulfonyl isocyanate led only to a mono-ureido guanidinium salt. With aryl isothiocyanates, 3-hydrazino-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5(4H)-thione derivatives were obtained. Compounds 7a and 8 show interesting solid-state structures with intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonds. PMID:25298792

  7. Vibrational spectroscopy (FT-IR and Laser-Raman) investigation, and computational (M06-2X and B3LYP) analysis on the structure of 4-(3-fluorophenyl)-1-(propan-2-ylidene)-thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sert, Yusuf; Miroslaw, Barbara; Ç?rak, Ça?r?; Do?an, Hatice; Szulczyk, Daniel; Struga, Marta

    2014-07-01

    In this study, the experimental and theoretical vibrational spectral analysis of 4-(3-fluorophenyl)-1-(propan-2-ylidene)-thiosemicarbazone have been carried out. The experimental FT-IR (4000-400 cm-1) and Laser-Raman spectra (4000-100 cm-1) have been recorded for the solid state samples. The theoretical vibrational frequencies and the optimized geometric parameters (bond lengths and angles) have been calculated for gas phase using density functional theory (DFT/B3LYP: Becke, 3-parameter, Lee-Yang-Parr) and M06-2X (the highly parametrized, empirical exchange correlation function) quantum chemical methods with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. The diversity in molecular geometry of fluorophenyl substituted thiosemicarbazones has been discussed based on the X-ray crystal structure reports and theoretical calculation results from the literature. The assignments of the vibrational frequencies have been done on the basis of potential energy distribution (PED) analysis by using VEDA4 software. A good correlation was found between the computed and experimental geometric and vibrational data. In addition, the highest occupied (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied (LUMO) molecular orbital energy levels and other related molecular energy values of the compound have been determined using the same level of theoretical calculations.

  8. Synthesis, characterization, and preliminary in vitro studies of vanadium(IV) complexes with a Schiff base and thiosemicarbazones as mixed-ligands

    PubMed Central

    Lewis, Nerissa A.; Liu, Fange; Seymour, Luke; Magnusen, Anthony; Erves, Travis R.; Arca, Jessa Faye; Beckford, Floyd A.; Venkatraman, Ramaiyer; González-Sarrías, Antonio; Fronczek, Frank R.; VanDerveer, Don G.; Seeram, Navindra P.; Liu, Aimin; Jarrett, William L.; Holder, Alvin A.

    2013-01-01

    [VO(Sal-L-tryp)(H2O)] 1 (where sal-L-tryp = N-salicylidene-L-tryptophanate) was used as a precursor to produce the novel complexes, [VO(Sal-L-tryp)(MeATSC)].1.5C2H5OH 2 (where MeATSC = 9-Anthraldehyde-N(4)-methylthiosemicarbazone), [VO(Sal-L-tryp)(N-Ethhymethohcarbthio)].H2O 3 (where N-Ethhymethohcarbthio = (E)-N-ethyl-2-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)hydrazinecarbothioamide), and [VO(Sal-L-tryp)(acetylethTSC)].C2H5OH 4 (where acetylethTSC = (E)-N-ethyl-2-(1-(thiazol-2-yl)ethylidene)hydrazinecarbothioamide), by reaction with the respective thiosemicarbazone. The chemical and structural properties of these ligands and complexes were characterised by elemental analysis, ESI MS, FT-IR, UV-visible, ESR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, and X-ray crystallography. DMSO and DMSO-d6 solutions of compounds 1-4 were oxidised in air to produce vanadium(V) species which were verified by ESI MS and 51V NMR spectroscopy. Anti-cancer properties of compounds 2-4 were examined with three colon cancer cell lines, HTC-116, Caco-2, and HT-29, and also with non-cancerous colonic myofibroblasts, CCD18-Co. Compounds 2-3 exhibited less inhibitory effects in the CCD-18Co cells, indicating a possible cytotoxic selectivity towards colon cancer cells. In general, those compounds which exhibited anti-proliferative activity on cancer cells, but did not affect non-cancerous cells, may have a potential in chemotherapy. PMID:23904789

  9. Phase I trial of pelvic radiation, weekly cisplatin, and 3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (3-AP, NSC #663249) for locally advanced cervical cancer

    PubMed Central

    Kunos, Charles A.; Waggoner, Steven; von Gruenigen, Vivian; Eldermire, Elisa; Pink, John; Dowlati, Afshin; Kinsella, Timothy J.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose This study assessed the safety/tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and clinical activity of three-times weekly intravenous 3-aminopyridine-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazone (3-AP, NSC #663249) in combination with once weekly intravenous cisplatin and daily pelvic radiation in patients with gynecologic malignancies. 3-AP is a novel small molecule inhibitor of ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) and is being tested as a potential radiosensitizer and chemosensitizer. Experimental Design Patients with stage IB2-IVB cervical cancer (n=10) or recurrent uterine sarcoma (n=1) were assigned to dose-finding cohorts of 2-hour 3-AP infusions during five weeks of cisplatin chemoradiation. Pharmacokinetic and methemoglobin samples and tumor biopsy for RNR activity were obtained on days 1 and 10. Clinical response was assessed. Results The maximum tolerated 3-AP dose is 25mg/m2 given three-times weekly during cisplatin and pelvic radiation. Two patients experienced manageable 3-AP-related grade 3 or 4 electrolyte abnormalities. 3-AP pharmacokinetics showed a 2-hour half-life, with median peak plasma concentrations of 277ng/mL (25mg/m2) and 467ng/mL (50mg/m2). Median methemoglobin levels peaked at 1% (25mg/m2) and 6% (50mg/m2) at 4 hours after initiating 3-AP infusions. No change in RNR activity was found on day 1 versus 10 in six early complete responders, while elevated RNR activity was seen on day 10 as compared to day 1 in four late complete responders (P =0.02). Ten (100%) patients with stage IB2-IVB cervical cancer achieved complete clinical response and remain without disease relapse with a median 18 months of follow-up (6-32 months). Conclusions 3-AP was well tolerated at a three-times weekly intravenous 25mg/m2 dose during cisplatin and pelvic radiation. PMID:20145183

  10. Exploring the Anti-Cancer Activity of Novel Thiosemicarbazones Generated through the Combination of Retro-Fragments: Dissection of Critical Structure-Activity Relationships

    PubMed Central

    Rasko, Nathalie; Pot??ková, Eliška; Mrozek-Wilczkiewicz, Anna; Musiol, Robert; Ma?ecki, Jan G.; Sajewicz, Mieczys?aw; Ratuszna, Alicja; Muchowicz, Angelika; Go??b, Jakub; Šim?nek, Tomáš; Richardson, Des R.; Polanski, Jaroslaw

    2014-01-01

    Thiosemicarbazones (TSCs) are an interesting class of ligands that show a diverse range of biological activity, including anti-fungal, anti-viral and anti-cancer effects. Our previous studies have demonstrated the potent in vivo anti-tumor activity of novel TSCs and their ability to overcome resistance to clinically used chemotherapeutics. In the current study, 35 novel TSCs of 6 different classes were designed using a combination of retro-fragments that appear in other TSCs. Additionally, di-substitution at the terminal N4 atom, which was previously identified to be critical for potent anti-cancer activity, was preserved through the incorporation of an N4-based piperazine or morpholine ring. The anti-proliferative activity of the novel TSCs were examined in a variety of cancer and normal cell-types. In particular, compounds 1d and 3c demonstrated the greatest promise as anti-cancer agents with potent and selective anti-proliferative activity. Structure-activity relationship studies revealed that the chelators that utilized “soft” donor atoms, such as nitrogen and sulfur, resulted in potent anti-cancer activity. Indeed, the N,N,S donor atom set was crucial for the formation of redox active iron complexes that were able to mediate the oxidation of ascorbate. This further highlights the important role of reactive oxygen species generation in mediating potent anti-cancer activity. Significantly, this study identified the potent and selective anti-cancer activity of 1d and 3c that warrants further examination. PMID:25329549

  11. IR spectra of protonated benzaldehyde clusters, C7H7O+-Ln (L=Ar,N2n<=2): Ion-ligand binding motifs of the cis and trans oxonium isomers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chakraborty, Shamik; Patzer, Alexander; Dopfer, Otto

    2010-07-01

    Infrared photodissociation (IRPD) spectra of mass-selected protonated benzaldehyde (C7H7O+,BZH+) and its weakly bound clusters with Ar and N2 produced in an electron impact source are recorded in the C-H and O-H stretch ranges. The experimental results are supported by ab initio and density functional calculations. Analysis of the IRPD spectrum of the BZH+ monomer is consistent with the presence of the cis and trans isomers of the oxonium ions, which is confirmed by the cluster spectra. No signature of the less stable carbenium ions is detected. Frequency shifts in the IRPD spectra of dimers and trimers provide information about the preferred intermolecular ligand binding site (?-bonding versus H-bonding) and the corresponding interaction strength. H-bonding to the OH group of the oxonium ions of BZH+ is found to be favored over ?-bonding to the aromatic ring for both Ar and N2. There are significant differences in the microsolvation structure and energetics of the cis and trans oxonium isomers of BZH+ due to the rather different acidities of their OH groups and isomer-dependent effects arising from steric hindrance. The large positive partial charge of the protonated formyl group implies that the cluster growth of the larger clusters continues by further solvation of the protonated substituent rather than the aromatic ring.

  12. IR spectra of protonated benzaldehyde clusters, C(7)H(7)O(+)-L(n) (L=Ar,N(2);n

    PubMed

    Chakraborty, Shamik; Patzer, Alexander; Dopfer, Otto

    2010-07-28

    Infrared photodissociation (IRPD) spectra of mass-selected protonated benzaldehyde (C(7)H(7)O(+),BZH(+)) and its weakly bound clusters with Ar and N(2) produced in an electron impact source are recorded in the C-H and O-H stretch ranges. The experimental results are supported by ab initio and density functional calculations. Analysis of the IRPD spectrum of the BZH(+) monomer is consistent with the presence of the cis and trans isomers of the oxonium ions, which is confirmed by the cluster spectra. No signature of the less stable carbenium ions is detected. Frequency shifts in the IRPD spectra of dimers and trimers provide information about the preferred intermolecular ligand binding site (pi-bonding versus H-bonding) and the corresponding interaction strength. H-bonding to the OH group of the oxonium ions of BZH(+) is found to be favored over pi-bonding to the aromatic ring for both Ar and N(2). There are significant differences in the microsolvation structure and energetics of the cis and trans oxonium isomers of BZH(+) due to the rather different acidities of their OH groups and isomer-dependent effects arising from steric hindrance. The large positive partial charge of the protonated formyl group implies that the cluster growth of the larger clusters continues by further solvation of the protonated substituent rather than the aromatic ring. PMID:20687650

  13. Preparation, characterization and catalytic activity of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles as a magnetically recoverable catalyst for selective oxidation of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde and reduction of organic dyes.

    PubMed

    Nasrollahzadeh, Mahmoud; Bagherzadeh, Mojtaba; Karimi, Hirbod

    2016-03-01

    The CoFe2O4 nanoparticles (NPs) performance was studied in the oxidation of benzyl alcohol (BzOH) to benzaldehyde (BzH) with hydrogen peroxide as an oxidant under solvent-free conditions. The influences of reaction conditions like the amount of catalyst, the molar ratio of H2O2:BzOH, reaction temperature and times on the oxidation of BzOH by using CoFe2O4 NPs were investigated in details. Under optimum conditions, excellent result, >99% conversation of BzOH to BzH as the only product, was obtained. The nanocatalyst was also used for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol (4-NP), Congo red (CR), Methylene blue (MB) in water at room temperature. The magnetic properties of the catalyst provided a convenient and easy route for the separation of the catalyst from the reaction mixture by an external bar magnet. No obvious loss of activity was observed when the spent catalyst reused in three consecutive runs. PMID:26674244

  14. Synthesis, antifungal and antibacterial activity of novel 1,2,4-triazole derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Deepa; Jain, D. K.

    2015-01-01

    A large number of 1,2,4-triazole-containing ring system have been incorporated into a wide variety of therapeutically interesting drug candidates including anti-inflammatory, central nervous system stimulants, antianxiety, and antimicrobial agents. To overcome the rapid development of drug resistance, new agents should preferably have chemical characteristics that clearly differ from those of existing agents. Thus led to the design and synthesize the new antimicrobial agents. A novel series of Schiff bases based on of 4-(benzylideneamino)-5-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiol scaffold was prepared by heating thiocarbohydrazide and substituted benzoic acid and subsequently, treating with substituted benzaldehydes. Seventeen derivatives were synthesized and were biologically screened for antifungal and antibacterial activity. The newly synthesized derivatives of triazole showed antifungal activity against fungal species, Microsporum gypseum; and antibacterial activity against bacterial species, Staphylococcus aureus. It was observed that none of the compounds tested showed positive results for fungi Candida albicans fungi Aspergillus niger, nor against bacterial strain Escherichia coli. Strong antifungal effects were obtained for the synthesized compounds against M. gypseum and were superior or comparable to standard drug ketoconazole. Similarly, all of the synthesized compounds exhibit strong antibacterial activity against S. aureus and were superior or comparable to standard drug streptomycin. It was found that among the triazole derivatives so synthesized, six of them, showed antifungal activity superior to ketoconazole while one of them, showed antibacterial activity superior to streptomycin. Thus, these can be the potential new molecule as an antimicrobial agent. PMID:26317080

  15. Synthesis, antifungal and antibacterial activity of novel 1,2,4-triazole derivatives.

    PubMed

    Gupta, Deepa; Jain, D K

    2015-01-01

    A large number of 1,2,4-triazole-containing ring system have been incorporated into a wide variety of therapeutically interesting drug candidates including anti-inflammatory, central nervous system stimulants, antianxiety, and antimicrobial agents. To overcome the rapid development of drug resistance, new agents should preferably have chemical characteristics that clearly differ from those of existing agents. Thus led to the design and synthesize the new antimicrobial agents. A novel series of Schiff bases based on of 4-(benzylideneamino)-5-phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiol scaffold was prepared by heating thiocarbohydrazide and substituted benzoic acid and subsequently, treating with substituted benzaldehydes. Seventeen derivatives were synthesized and were biologically screened for antifungal and antibacterial activity. The newly synthesized derivatives of triazole showed antifungal activity against fungal species, Microsporum gypseum; and antibacterial activity against bacterial species, Staphylococcus aureus. It was observed that none of the compounds tested showed positive results for fungi Candida albicans fungi Aspergillus niger, nor against bacterial strain Escherichia coli. Strong antifungal effects were obtained for the synthesized compounds against M. gypseum and were superior or comparable to standard drug ketoconazole. Similarly, all of the synthesized compounds exhibit strong antibacterial activity against S. aureus and were superior or comparable to standard drug streptomycin. It was found that among the triazole derivatives so synthesized, six of them, showed antifungal activity superior to ketoconazole while one of them, showed antibacterial activity superior to streptomycin. Thus, these can be the potential new molecule as an antimicrobial agent. PMID:26317080

  16. Synthesis of new oxadiazole derivatives as ?-glucosidase inhibitors.

    PubMed

    Taha, Muhammad; Ismail, Nor Hadiani; Imran, Syahrul; Rokei, Muhammad Qamarruddin Bin; Saad, Syed Muhammad; Khan, Khalid Mohammed

    2015-08-01

    Oxadiazole derivatives (6-28) having hydrazone linkage, were synthesized through condensation reaction between benzohydrazide 5 with various benzaldehydes. The oxadiazoles derivatives (6-28) were evaluated for their ?-glucosidase inhibitory activity. The IC50 values for inhibition activity vary in the range between 2.64 ± 0.05 and 460.14 ± 3.25 ?M. The IC50 values were being compared to the standard acarbose (IC50=856.45 ± 5.60 ?M) and it was found that compounds 6-9, 12, 13, 16, 18, 20, 22-28 were found to be more active than acarbose, while other compounds showed no activity. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies suggest that oxadiazole benzohydrazones (6-28) inhibitory potential is dependent on substitution of the N-benzylidene part. Compound 18 (IC50=2.64 ± 0.05 ?M), which has trihydroxy substitution at C-2', C-4', and C-5' on N-benzylidene moiety, recorded the highest inhibition activity that is three-hundred times more active than the standard drug, acarbose (IC50=856.45 ± 5.60 ?M). Compound 23 (IC50=34.64 ± 0.35 ?M) was found to be the most active among compounds having single hydroxyl substitution. Shifting hydroxyl from C-2' to C-4' (6) and C-3' (7) reduces inhibitory activity significantly. Compounds with chlorine substituent (compounds 16, 28, and 27) showed potent activities but lower as compared to hydroxyl analogs. Substituent like nitro or methyl groups at any position suppresses enzyme inhibition activity. This reveals the important presence of hydroxyl and halo groups to have enzyme inhibitory potential. PMID:26183542

  17. [Antineoplastic activity and toxicity of dihydroambazone in comparison with ambazone (1,4-benzoquinone-guanylhydrazone-thiosemicarbazone)].

    PubMed

    Gutsche, W; Härtl, A; Baumgart, J; Schulze, W

    1990-01-01

    Dihydroambazone 1, a soluble derivative of ambazone, was tested with an admixture of ascorbic acid (0.1, 0.25, or 0.5% in distilled water) for antineoplastic activity by different routes (i.p., p.o., s.c., i.v.) against leukemia P388, and by s.c. application against Lewis lung carcinoma on B6D2F1-mice. The results were compared with that of ambazone. 1 was as active as ambazone upon the per os d 1-4 schedule only. Ascorbic acid, added for stabilization of 1, had no significant influence on the results. Intravenously given 1 was of low activity. It proved to be toxic at 100 mg/kg body mass. The i.v. toxicity was estimated approximately on B6D2F1-mice (LD50: 150 mg/kg; LD100: 175 mg/kg; maximum tolerated dose (MTD): 100 mg/kg. A comparison between the MTD's of 1 and ambazone in mice and rats (Wistar) showed partly a somewhat better p.o. compatibility of 1. The expectation of a favourable i.v. applicable derivative from the otherwise in water nearly insoluble ambazone could not be realized. PMID:2333315

  18. Efficient and versatile catalysis of N-alkylation of heterocyclic amines with alcohols and one-pot synthesis of 2-aryl substituted benzazoles with newly designed ruthenium(II) complexes of PNS thiosemicarbazones.

    PubMed

    Ramachandran, Rangasamy; Prakash, Govindan; Selvamurugan, Sellappan; Viswanathamurthi, Periasamy; Malecki, Jan Grzegorz; Ramkumar, Venkatachalam

    2014-06-01

    Ruthenium(II) carbonyl complexes with phosphine-functionalized PNS type thiosemicarbazone ligands [RuCl(CO)(EPh3)(L)] (1-6) (E = P or As, L = 2-(2-(diphenylphosphino)benzylidene) thiosemicarbazone (PNS-H), 2-(2-(diphenylphosphino)benzylidene)-N-methylthiosemicarbazone (PNS-Me), 2-(2-(diphenylphosphino)benzylidene)-N-phenylthiosemicarbazone (PNS-Ph)) have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis and spectroscopy (IR, UV-Vis, (1)H, (13)C, (31)P-NMR) as well as ESI mass spectrometry. The molecular structures of complexes 1, 2 and 6 were identified by means of single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The analysis revealed that all the complexes possess a distorted octahedral geometry with the ligand coordinating in a uni-negative tridentate PNS fashion. All the ruthenium complexes (1-6) were tested as catalyst for N-alkylation of heteroaromatic amines with alcohols. Notably, complex 2 was found to be a very efficient and versatile catalyst towards N-alkylation of a wide range of heterocyclic amines with alcohols. Complex 2 can also catalyze the direct amination of 2-nitropyridine with benzyl alcohol to the corresponding secondary amine. Furthermore, a preliminary examination of performance for N,N-dialkylation of diamine showed promising results, giving good conversion and high selectivity. In addition, N-alkylation of ortho-substituted anilines (-NH2, -OH and -SH) led to the one-pot synthesis of 2-aryl substituted benzimidazoles, benzoxazoles and benzothiazoles, also revealing the catalytic activity of complex 2. PMID:24705796

  19. Synthesis, characterization, optical band gap, in vitro antimicrobial activity and DNA cleavage studies of some metal complexes of pyridyl thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yousef, T. A.; Abu El-Reash, G. M.; El-Gammal, O. A.; Bedier, R. A.

    2013-03-01

    A new series of Cr(III), Mn(II), Ni(II), Zn(II) and Hg(II) complexes of Schiff-bases derived from the condensation of 4-(2-pyridyl)-3-thiosemicarbazide and pyruvic acid (H2PTP) have been synthesized and characterized by spectroscopic studies. Schiff-base exhibit thiol-thione tautomerism wherein sulfur plays an important role in the coordination. The coordination possibility of the Schiff-bases towards metal ions have been proposed in the light of elemental analysis, spectral (IR, UV-vis, 1H NMR and 13C NMR), magnetic and thermal studies. IR spectra show that H2PTP is coordinated to the metal ions in a mononegative tridentate manner except in Cr(III) complex in which the ligand exhibits mononegative bidentate manner. The parameters total energy, binding energy, isolated atomic energy, electronic energy, heat of formation, dipole moment, HOMO and LUMO were calculated for the ligand and its complexes. Furthermore, the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters for the different decomposition steps were calculated using the Coats-Redfern and Horowitz-Metzger methods. Also, the optical band gap (Eg) of the metal complexes has been calculated. The optical transition energy (Eg) is direct and equals 3.20, 3.27 and 3.26 eV for Cr, Mn and Ni complexes, respectively. The synthesized ligand, in comparison to its metal complexes is screened for its antibacterial activity against the bacterial species, Bacillus thuringiensis, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeuroginosa and Escherichia coli. The results show that the metal complexes be more potent in activity antibacterial than the parent Shciff base ligand towards one or more bacterial species. Finally, the biochemical studies showed that, Mn complex have powerful and complete degradation effect on DNA.

  20. New Coumarin Derivatives as Potent Selective COX-2 Inhibitors: Synthesis, Anti-Inflammatory, QSAR, and Molecular Modeling Studies.

    PubMed

    Dawood, Dina H; Batran, Rasha Z; Farghaly, Thoraya A; Khedr, Mohammed A; Abdulla, Mohamed M

    2015-12-01

    Two new series of coumarin derivatives incorporating thiazoline and thiazolidinone moieties were designed, synthesized, and investigated in vivo for their anti-inflammatory activities using the carrageenan-induced rat paw edema model and in vitro for their inhibitory activities against the human cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 isoforms. Most of the synthesized compounds demonstrated exceptionally high in vivo anti-inflammatory activity and displayed superior GI safety profiles (0-7% ulceration) as compared to indomethacin. All the bioactive compounds showed in vitro high affinity and selectivity toward the COX-2 isoenzyme, compared to the reference celecoxib with IC50 values ranging from 0.31 to 0.78??M. The ethyl thiosemicarbazone 2b, thiazoline derivatives 3a, 3b, 5b, 6a, and 7f, and the thiazolidinone compounds 8b and 9a showed the highest in vivo and in vitro anti-inflammatory activities with remarkable COX-2 selectivity. Quantitative structure-activity relationship study (QSAR) was done and resulted in a highly predictive power R(2) (0.908). A molecular docking study revealed a relationship between the docking affinity and the biological results. PMID:26462142

  1. Inhibition of polyphenoloxidase activity by mixtures of heated cysteine derivatives with carbonyl compounds.

    PubMed

    Chériot, Sophie; Billaud, Catherine; Maillard, Marie-Noëlle; Nicolas, Jacques

    2007-04-01

    It had previously been shown that soluble Maillard reaction products (MRP) made from thiol compounds and glucose or fructose contained powerful inhibitors of various fruit and vegetable polyphenoloxidase (PPO) activity. In MRP from cysteine and glucose, the amount of hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) formed increased with the increase in glucose concentration (0-1 M), particularly under acidic (pH 2) conditions. Using model mixtures containing a preheated cysteine-derived compound and a carbonyl component, especially HMF, furfural and benzaldehyde, we showed that the neoformed compounds produced exhibited a stronger inhibitory potency toward PPO activity of eggplant, apple, and mushroom than former MRP. Optimal reaction conditions for the formation of inhibitory compounds when HMF reacted with preheated cysteine were investigated. It was found that a reactants molar ratio of 1:1 and a reaction time exceeding 1 h were the most efficient reaction conditions to generate inhibitory compounds. The stability of the newly formed products, evaluated during storage, showed that their inhibitory potency was globally kept at 4, 21, and 37 degrees C for 72 h but was unstable when stored at -20 degrees C and lost when exposed to UV radiations for 24 h. PMID:17357978

  2. Weather Derivative Valuation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jewson, Stephen; Brix, Anders

    2005-04-01

    Weather Derivative Valuation is the first book to cover all the meteorological, statistical, financial and mathematical issues that arise in the pricing and risk management of weather derivatives. There are chapters on meteorological data and data cleaning, the modelling and pricing of single weather derivatives, the modelling and valuation of portfolios, the use of weather and seasonal forecasts in the pricing of weather derivatives, arbitrage pricing for weather derivatives, risk management, and the modelling of temperature, wind and precipitation. Specific issues covered in detail include the analysis of uncertainty in weather derivative pricing, time-series modelling of daily temperatures, the creation and use of probabilistic meteorological forecasts and the derivation of the weather derivative version of the Black-Scholes equation of mathematical finance. Written by consultants who work within the weather derivative industry, this book is packed with practical information and theoretical insight into the world of weather derivative pricing.

  3. Di-2-pyridylketone 4,4-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (Dp44mT) overcomes multidrug resistance by a novel mechanism involving the hijacking of lysosomal P-glycoprotein (Pgp).

    PubMed

    Jansson, Patric J; Yamagishi, Tetsuo; Arvind, Akanksha; Seebacher, Nicole; Gutierrez, Elaine; Stacy, Alexandra; Maleki, Sanaz; Sharp, Danae; Sahni, Sumit; Richardson, Des R

    2015-04-10

    Multidrug resistance (MDR) is a major obstacle in cancer treatment. More than half of human cancers express multidrug-resistant P-glycoprotein (Pgp), which correlates with a poor prognosis. Intriguingly, through an unknown mechanism, some drugs have greater activity in drug-resistant tumor cells than their drug-sensitive counterparts. Herein, we investigate how the novel anti-tumor agent di-2-pyridylketone 4,4-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (Dp44mT) overcomes MDR. Four different cell types were utilized to evaluate the effect of Pgp-potentiated lysosomal targeting of drugs to overcome MDR. To assess the mechanism of how Dp44mT overcomes drug resistance, cellular studies utilized Pgp inhibitors, Pgp silencing, lysosomotropic agents, proliferation assays, immunoblotting, a Pgp-ATPase activity assay, radiolabeled drug uptake/efflux, a rhodamine 123 retention assay, lysosomal membrane permeability assessment, and DCF (2',7'-dichlorofluorescin) redox studies. Anti-tumor activity and selectivity of Dp44mT in Pgp-expressing, MDR cells versus drug-sensitive cells were studied using a BALB/c nu/nu xenograft mouse model. We demonstrate that Dp44mT is transported by the lysosomal Pgp drug pump, causing lysosomal targeting of Dp44mT and resulting in enhanced cytotoxicity in MDR cells. Lysosomal Pgp and pH were shown to be crucial for increasing Dp44mT-mediated lysosomal damage and subsequent cytotoxicity in drug-resistant cells, with Dp44mT being demonstrated to be a Pgp substrate. Indeed, Pgp-dependent lysosomal damage and cytotoxicity of Dp44mT were abrogated by Pgp inhibitors, Pgp silencing, or increasing lysosomal pH using lysosomotropic bases. In vivo, Dp44mT potently targeted chemotherapy-resistant human Pgp-expressing xenografted tumors relative to non-Pgp-expressing tumors in mice. This study highlights a novel Pgp hijacking strategy of the unique dipyridylthiosemicarbazone series of thiosemicarbazones that overcome MDR via utilization of lysosomal Pgp transport activity. PMID:25720491

  4. Gold catalyst Styrene Benzaldehyde Styrene oxide Acetophenone

    E-print Network

    Rouyer, Francois

    -coordination sites6,10,11 : gold atoms at the surface, edge or corner of a particle that have fewer nearest neighbours than bulk atoms, leaving them more free to engage in chemical reactions, C. T. Surf.Sci. 169, 347­356 (1986). 9. Schmid, G. etal. Chem.Ber.Recl.114, 3634­3642 (1981). 10

  5. Thiosemicarbazones as Aedes aegypti larvicidal.

    PubMed

    da Silva, João Bosco P; Navarro, Daniela Maria do A F; da Silva, Aluizio G; Santos, Geanne K N; Dutra, Kamilla A; Moreira, Diogo Rodrigo; Ramos, Mozart N; Espíndola, José Wanderlan P; de Oliveira, Ana Daura T; Brondani, Dalci José; Leite, Ana Cristina L; Hernandes, Marcelo Zaldini; Pereira, Valéria R A; da Rocha, Lucas F; de Castro, Maria Carolina A B; de Oliveira, Beatriz C; Lan, Que; Merz, Kenneth M

    2015-07-15

    A set of aryl- and phenoxymethyl-(thio)semicarbazones were synthetized, characterized and biologically evaluated against the larvae of Aedes aegypti (A. aegypti), the vector responsible for diseases like Dengue and Yellow Fever. (Q)SAR studies were useful for predicting the activities of the compounds not included to create the QSAR model as well as to predict the features of a new compound with improved activity. Docking studies corroborated experimental evidence of AeSCP-2 as a potential target able to explain the larvicidal properties of its compounds. The trend observed between the in silico Docking scores and the in vitro pLC50 (equals -log LC50, at molar concentration) data indicated that the highest larvicidal compounds, or the compounds with the highest values for pLC50, are usually those with the higher docking scores (i.e., greater in silico affinity for the AeSCP-2 target). Determination of cytotoxicity for these compounds in mammal cells demonstrated that the top larvicide compounds are non-toxic. PMID:26087027

  6. Introduction Derivative Expansion

    E-print Network

    Introduction Derivative Expansion Examples Generalization: Higher dimensions + thermal effects Electromagnetic field and imperfect mirrors Conclusions A Derivative Expansion for the Casimir Effect C. D. Fosco1-10-2012 C. D. Fosco. In collaboration with: F. D. Lombardo and F. D. Mazzitelli Derivative Expansion #12

  7. Spectroscopic studies and structure of 3-methoxy-2 -[(2,4,4,6,6-pentachloro-1,3,5,2{lambda}{sup 5},4{lambda}{sup 5},6{lambda}{sup 5}-triazatriphosphin-2-yl)oxy] benzaldehyde

    SciTech Connect

    Oezay, H.; Yildiz, M.; Uenver, H.; Durlu, T. N.

    2013-01-15

    The compound called 3-methoxy-2- [(2,4,4,6,6-pentachloro-1,3,5,2{lambda}{sup 5},4{lambda}{sup 5},6{lambda}{sup 5}-triazatriphosphin-2-yl)oxy] benzaldehyde has been synthesized from the reaction of 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde with hexachlorocyclotriphosphazene. It has been characterized by elemental analysis, MS, IR, {sup 1}H NMR, {sup 13}C NMR, {sup 31}P NMR and UV-visible spectroscopic techniques. The structure of the title compound has been determind by X-ray analysis. Crystals are orthorhombic, space group P2{sub 1}2{sub 1}2{sub 1}, Z = 4, a = 7.705(1), b = 12.624(1), c = 17.825(2) A, R{sub 1} = 0.0390 and wR{sub 2} = 0.1074 [I > 2{sigma}(I)], respectively.

  8. Mn(II), Co(II), Zn(II), Fe(III) and U (VI) complexes of 2-acetylpyridine 4N-(2-pyridyl) thiosemicarbazone (HAPT); structural, spectroscopic and biological studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    El-Ayaan, Usama; Youssef, Magdy M.; Al-Shihry, Shar

    2009-11-01

    The present work carried out a study on transition metal ion complexes which have been synthesized from 2-acetylpyridine 4N-(2-pyridyl) thiosemicarbazone (HAPT) 1. These complexes namely [Zn(HAPT)Cl 2] 2, [Mn (HAPT)Cl 2] 3, [Co (HAPT)Cl 2] 4, [Fe(APT)Cl 2(H 2O)] 5 and [UO 2(HAPT)(OAc) 2] 6, were characterized by elemental analysis, spectral (IR, 1H NMR and UV-vis) and magnetic moment measurements. Thermal properties and decomposition kinetics of all compounds are investigated. The interpretation, mathematical analysis and evaluation of kinetic parameters ( E, A, ? H, ? S and ? G) of all thermal decomposition stages have been evaluated using Coats-Redfern equation. The biochemical studies showed that, complexes 3 and 6 have powerful and complete degradation effect on the both DNA and protein. The SOD-like activity exhibited that complex 3 has a strong antioxidative properties. The antibacterial screening demonstrated that, the free ligand (HAPT), complexes 2, 3 and 6 have the maximum and broad activities against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains.

  9. Absolute Time Derivatives

    E-print Network

    T. Matolcsi; P. Van

    2006-10-23

    A four dimensional treatment of nonrelativistic space-time gives a natural frame to deal with objective time derivatives. In this framework some well known objective time derivatives of continuum mechanics appear as Lie-derivatives. Their coordinatized forms depends on the tensorial properties of the relevant physical quantities. We calculate the particular forms of objective time derivatives for scalars, vectors, covectors and different second order tensors from the point of view of a rotating observer. The relation of substantial, material and objective time derivatives is treated.

  10. Generalized \\delta-Derivations

    E-print Network

    Kaygorodov, Ivan

    2011-01-01

    We defined generalized \\delta-derivations of algebra A as linear mapping \\chi associated with usual \\delta-derivation \\phi by the rule \\chi(xy)=\\delta(\\chi(x)y+x\\phi(y))=\\delta(\\phi(x)y+x\\chi(y)) for any x,y \\in A. We described generalized \\delta-derivations of prime alternative algebras, prime Lie algebras and superalgebras, unital algebras, and semisimple finite-dimensional Jordan superalgebras. In this cases we proved that generalized \\delta-derivation is a generalized derivation or \\delta-derivation. After that we described \\delta-superderivations of superalgebras >, arising from prime alternative algebras, prime Lie algebras and superalgebras, unital algebras, and semisimple finite-dimensional Jordan superalgebras. In the end, we constructed new examples of non-trivial \\delta-derivations of Lie algebras.

  11. Generation of 2'-deoxyadenosine N6-aminyl radicals from the photolysis of phenylhydrazone derivatives.

    PubMed

    Kuttappan-Nair, Vandana; Samson-Thibault, Francois; Wagner, J Richard

    2010-01-01

    Nitrogen-centered radicals are major species generated by the addition of hydroxyl radicals and the one-electron oxidation of adenine derivatives. Aminyl radicals are also generated in the decomposition of adenine chloramines upon reaction of hypochlorite. Here, we report the photochemistry of modified 2'-deoxyadenosine (dAdo) containing photoactive hydrazone substituents as a model to investigate the chemistry of dAdo N(6)-aminyl radicals. Derivatives of dAdo containing a phenylhydrazone moiety at N6 displayed UV absorption between 300 and 400 nm. Upon UV photolysis in the presence of a H-donor, that is, glutathione, two major products were formed, dAdo and benzaldehyde, indicating efficient homolytic cleavage to dAdo N(6)-aminyl radicals and benzylidene iminyl radicals. dAdo N(6)-phenylhydrazone was photolyzed in the presence of a molar excess of nonmodified dAdo to mimic the reactions taking place in DNA, and the major photoproducts were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry, and nuclear magnetic resonance. The formation of 2-(benzylideneamino)-2'-deoxyadenosine as well as a more extensive oxidation product may be explained by the recombination of initial dAdo N(6)-aminyl and benzylidene iminyl radicals. The formation of 2'-deoxyinosine may be explained by hydrolytic deamination of dAdo N(6)-aminyl radicals. Interestingly, a dimeric product containing two dAdo moieties was identified in the photolysis mixture. The present studies demonstrate the ability of dAdo N(6)-aminyl radicals to undergo H-abstraction to give dAdo, deamination to give 2'-deoxyinosine, and addition to the adenine moiety to give dimers. PMID:20000474

  12. Improvement of in vivo anticancer and antiangiogenic potential of thalidomide derivatives.

    PubMed

    da Costa, Patrícia Marçal; da Costa, Marcilia Pinheiro; Carvalho, Adriana Andrade; Cavalcanti, Suellen Melo Tibúrcio; de Oliveira Cardoso, Marcos Veríssimo; de Oliveira Filho, Gevânio Bezerra; de Araújo Viana, Daniel; Fechine-Jamacaru, Francisco Vagnaldo; Leite, Ana Cristina Lima; de Moraes, Manoel Odorico; Pessoa, Claudia; Ferreira, Paulo Michel Pinheiro

    2015-09-01

    The strategy of antiangiogenic drugs is based on inhibiting formation of new blood vessels as alternative to limit cancer progression. In this work, we investigated the antitumor and antiangiogenic potential of eight thalidomide derivatives. Most of the molecules was not cytotoxic but 2a, 2d and 3d revealed weak antiproliferative activity on HL-60, Sarcoma 180 (S180) and normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Thalidomide, 2a and 2b were able to inhibit tumor growth (53.5%, 67.9% and 67.4%, respectively) in S180-bearing mice and presented moderate and reversible toxicity on liver, kidneys and spleens. Both analogs (2a and 2b) inhibited cell migration of endothelial (HUVEC) and melanoma cells (MDA/MB-435) at 50?g/mL. Immunohistochemistry labeling assays with CD-31 (PECAM-1) antibody showed microvascular density (MVD) was significantly reduced in thalidomide, 2a and 2b groups (30±4.9, 64.6±1.8 and 46.5±19.5%, respectively) (p<0.05). Neovascularization evaluated by Chorioallantoic Membrane Assay (CAM) with compounds 2a and 2b showed reduction of vessels' number (12. 9±2.3 and 14.8±3.3%), neovascularization area (13.1±1.7 and 14.3±1.7%) and total length of vessels (9.2±1.5 and 9.9±1.9%). On the other hand, thalidomide did not alter vascularization parameters. Consequently, addition of thiosemicarbazone pharmacophore group into the phthalimidic ring improved the in vivo antitumor and antiangiogenic potential of the analogs 2a and 2b. PMID:26134001

  13. Endohedral Metallofullerene Derivatives

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dorn, Harry C. (Inventor); Iezzi, Erick B. (Inventor); Duchamp, James (Inventor)

    2008-01-01

    Trimetallic nitride endohedral metallofullerene derivatives and their preparation are described. The trimetallic nitride endohedral metallofullerene derivatives have the general formula A(sub 3-n)X(sub n)@C(sub m)(R) where n ranges from 0 to 3, A and X may be trivalent metals and may be either rare earth metal or group IIIB metals, m is between about 60 and about 200, and R is preferably an organic group. Derivatives where the R group forms cyclized derivatives with the fullerene cage are also described.

  14. A Novel NADPH-Dependent Aldehyde Reductase Gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae NRRL Y-12632 Involved in the Detoxification of Aldehyde Inhibitors Derived from Lignocellulosic Biomass Conversion

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Aldehyde inhibitors such as furfural, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), anisaldehyde, benzaldehyde, cinnamaldehyde, and phenylaldehyde are commonly generated during lignocellulosic biomass conversion process for low-cost cellulosic ethanol production that interferes with subsequent microbial growth and...

  15. Mixtures are not derivable

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alsina, C.; Schweizer, B.

    1988-06-01

    A binary operation ø on probability distribution functions is derivable from a binary operation on random variables if there exists a two-place function V such that, for any distribution functions F and G, there exist random variables X and Y, defined on a common probability space, such that F and G are the distribution functions of X and Y , respectively, and ø( F, G) is the distribution function of V ( X, Y). We show that if ø( F, G) = cF + (1 - c) G, 0 < c < 1, then ø is not derivable; similarly,? (F,G) = sqrt {FG} is not derivable.

  16. Synthesis and antibacterial activity of tert-butyl [1-benzyl-2[(4-aryl-2-thiazolyl)hydrazono]ethyl]carbamate derivatives.

    PubMed

    Turan-Zitouni, Gülhan; Fehrentz, Jean-Alain; Chevallet, Pierre; Martinez, Jean; Kaplancikli, Zafer Asim; Ozdemir, Ahmet; Arslanyolu, Muhittin; Yildiz, Mehmet Taha

    2007-06-01

    The increasing clinical importance of drug-resistant fungal and bacterial pathogens has lent additional urgency to microbiological research and new antibacterial compound development. For this purpose, new tert-butyl[1-benzyl-2[(4-aryl-2-thiazolyl)hydrazono]ethyl]carbamate derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for antibacterial activity. The reaction of Boc-L-phenylalaninal with thiosemicarbazide gave the thiosemicarbazone which furnished the title compounds by reaction with phenacyl bromides. The newly synthesized compounds were screened for antibacterial activity and toxicity. While microdilution broth susceptibility assay was used for the antibacterial activity evaluation of the compounds against the strains E. coli (NRRL B-3704), M. luteus (NRRL B-4375), B. cereus (NRRL B-3711), P. aeruginosa (NRRL B-23), and S. fecalis (NRRL B-14617), the Artemia salina 96-well assay was used to determine cytotoxicities of the compounds. Observations obtained from the bioassays showed that some of the compounds are highly active against E. coli, M. luteus, and B. cereus when compared with the control agent and showed low toxicity. PMID:17562564

  17. Credit derivatives in Brazil

    E-print Network

    Rüther, Henrique

    2007-01-01

    The amounts outstanding of credit derivatives have grown exponentially over the past years, and these financial intruments that allow market participants to trade credit risk have become very popular in Europe and in the ...

  18. Derivative actions in China 

    E-print Network

    Lin, Shaowei

    2014-07-02

    The enactment of derivative action was expected to be actively used by shareholders to protect their interests. In fact, it turned out that this reform effort seemed futile as the right to engage in such actions was ...

  19. The azobenzene derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ionita, Ionica; Radulescu, Cristiana; Poinescu, Aurora Anca; Anghelina, Florina Violeta; Bunghez, Raluca; Ion, Rodica-Mariana

    2015-02-01

    Azobenzene derivatives constitute a group of dyes which have photochromic properties and have been investigated as promising systems for diverse applications in the unconventional optic area, their properties can be moulded with help of light.

  20. Oxygenated Derivatives of Hydrocarbons

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    For the book entitled “Insect Hydrocarbons: Biology, Biochemistry and Chemical Ecology”, this chapter presents a comprehensive review of the occurrence, structure and function of oxygenated derivatives of hydrocarbons. The book chapter focuses on the occurrence, structural identification and functi...

  1. Semisynthetic Derivatives of Epothilones

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Altmann, Karl-Heinz

    Semisynthetic derivatives of natural products traditionally occupy a prominent space in natural-product-based drug discovery (1, 2). As many biologically active natural products exhibit a high degree of structural complexity (3), the chemical derivatization of material isolated from natural sources often represents the only feasible means (or at least the only economically viable approach) to explore structure-activity-relationships (SAR) and to produce analogs with more favorable pharmacokinetic and pharmacological properties than the natural product lead. Examples of clinically important drugs that are semisynthetic derivatives of natural products exist in virtually all disease areas (1, 2); in the treatment of cancer this includes compounds such as etoposide or teniposide (derived from podophyllotoxin) (4-6), irinotecan and topotecan (derived from camptothecin) (7-9), or docetaxel (derived from 10-deacetylbaccatin III) (10, 11). Even for taxol (11), which is a natural product (12), the sustained supply of sufficient quantities of material for widespread clinical use could only be secured through the development of a semisynthetic production process from another natural product, namely, 10-deacetylbaccatin III (13). In light of these facts, it is not surprising that semisynthesis approaches have also featured prominently in the elucidation of the SAR for epothilones and in the discovery of a number of clinical development candidates.

  2. Telomeric 30 Overhangs Derive

    E-print Network

    de Lange, Titia

    Telomeric 30 Overhangs Derive from Resection by Exo1 and Apollo and Fill-In by POT1b-Associated CST and main- tenance of mammalian telomeres, but its synthesis must be regulated to avoid excessive resection of the 50 end, which could cause telomere shortening. How this balance is achieved in mammals has not been

  3. 78 FR 32191 - Derivatives

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-29

    ... alternatives. \\5\\ 71 FR 5155 (February 2, 2012). C. 1998 IRPS This proposed rule is consistent with a 1998... promulgation of this proposed rule. \\7\\ 76 FR 37030 (June 24, 2011). First, the Board asked if it should... derivatives transactions independently. \\9\\ 77 FR 5416 (Feb. 3, 2012). Question One. The Board asked if...

  4. Biotechnology and derived products

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Microorganisms able to infect and kill insect pests, metabolites from plants and microorganisms, and transgenic crops are biotechnologically derived products that are being promoted for use to control insect pests in lieu of chemical insecticides. Products based on these technologies effectively co...

  5. Insulin-derived amyloidosis

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Yashdeep; Singla, Gaurav; Singla, Rajiv

    2015-01-01

    Amyloidosis is the term for diseases caused by the extracellular deposition of insoluble polymeric protein fibrils in tissues and organs. Insulin-derived amyloidosis is a rare, yet significant complication of insulin therapy. Insulin-derived amyloidosis at injection site can cause poor glycemic control and increased insulin dose requirements because of the impairment in insulin absorption, which reverse on change of injection site and/or excision of the mass. This entity should be considered and assessed by histopathology and immunohistochemistry, in patients with firm/hard local site reactions, which do not regress after cessation of insulin injection at the affected site. Search strategy: PubMed was searched with terms “insulin amyloidosis”. Full text of articles available in English was reviewed. Relevant cross references were also reviewed. Last search was made on October 15, 2014. PMID:25593849

  6. Derived enriched uranium market

    SciTech Connect

    Rutkowski, E.

    1996-12-01

    The potential impact on the uranium market of highly enriched uranium from nuclear weapons dismantling in the Russian Federation and the USA is analyzed. Uranium supply, conversion, and enrichment factors are outlined for each country; inventories are also listed. The enrichment component and conversion components are expected to cause little disruption to uranium markets. The uranium component of Russian derived enriched uranium hexafluoride is unresolved; US legislation places constraints on its introduction into the US market.

  7. Space Derived Air Monitor

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    COPAMS, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Air Monitoring System, derives from technology involved in building unmanned spacecraft. The Nimbus spacecraft carried experimental sensors to measure temperature, pressure, ozone, and water vapor, and instruments for studying solar radiation and telemetry. The process which relayed these findings to Earth formed the basis for COPAMS. The COPAMS system consists of data acquisition units which measure and record pollution level, and sense wind speed and direction, etc. The findings are relayed to a central station where the information is computerized. The system is automatic and supplemented by PAQSS, PA Air Quality Surveillance System.

  8. Acquiring Knowledge of Derived Nominals and Derived Adjectives in Context

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marinellie, Sally A.; Kneile, Lynn A.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This research investigated children's ability to acquire semantic and syntactic knowledge of derived nominals and derived adjectives in the context of short passages. The study also investigated the relation of morphological awareness and the ability to acquire knowledge of derived words in context. Method: A total of 106 children in…

  9. Alcohol dehydrogenases from Scheffersomyces stipitis involved in the detoxification of aldehyde inhibitors derived from lignocellulosic biomass conversion.

    PubMed

    Ma, Menggen; Wang, Xu; Zhang, Xiaoping; Zhao, Xianxian

    2013-09-01

    Aldehyde inhibitors such as furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) are generated from biomass pretreatment. Scheffersomyces stipitis is able to reduce furfural and HMF to less toxic furanmethanol and furan-2,5-dimethanol; however, the enzymes involved in the reductive reaction still remain unknown. In this study, transcription responses of two known and five putative alcohol dehydrogenase genes from S. stipitis were analyzed under furfural and HMF stress conditions. All the seven alcohol dehydrogenase genes were also cloned and overexpressed for their activity analyses. Our results indicate that transcriptions of SsADH4 and SsADH6 were highly induced under furfural and HMF stress conditions, and the proteins encoded by them exhibited NADH- and/or NADPH-dependent activities for furfural and HMF reduction, respectively. For furfural reduction, NADH-dependent activity was also observed in SsAdh1p and NAD(P)H-dependent activities were also observed in SsAdh5p and SsAdh7p. For HMF reduction, NADPH-dependent activities were also observed in SsAdh5p and SsAdh7p. SsAdh4p displayed the highest NADPH-dependent specific activity and catalytic efficiency for reduction of both furfural and HMF among the seven alcohol dehydrogenases. Enzyme activities of all SsADH proteins were more stable under acidic condition. For most SsADH proteins, the optimum temperature for enzyme activities was 30 °C and more than 50 % enzyme activities remained at 60 °C. Reduction activities of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, isovaleraldehyde, benzaldehyde, and phenylacetaldehyde were also observed in some SsADH proteins. Our results indicate that multiple alcohol dehydrogenases in S. stipitis are involved in the detoxification of aldehyde inhibitors derived from lignocellulosic biomass conversion. PMID:23912116

  10. 6-Bromocholesterol derivatives

    SciTech Connect

    Flanagan, R.J.

    1984-02-07

    Novel 6-bromo derivatives of cholesterol have the formula 3-(R-O-),6-BR,17-((H3C-)2-HC-H2C-H2C-H2C-HC(-CH3)-)-ESTR-5-ENE Such compounds are prepared from the known 6-iodocholesterol by treatment with cuprous bromide. These compounds, labelled with radioisotopes of Br-82 or Br-77, are localized in the adrenal, mammary and ovary tissue of female mammals and in the adrenal or prostate tissue of males when administered to such individuals. This provides a method for imaging adrenal, ovary or prostate tissue which is superior to use of the prior art 6-iodo-cholesterol.

  11. Experts' understanding of partial derivatives using the partial derivative machine

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Roundy, David; Weber, Eric; Dray, Tevian; Bajracharya, Rabindra R.; Dorko, Allison; Smith, Emily M.; Manogue, Corinne A.

    2015-12-01

    [This paper is part of the Focused Collection on Upper Division Physics Courses.] Partial derivatives are used in a variety of different ways within physics. Thermodynamics, in particular, uses partial derivatives in ways that students often find especially confusing. We are at the beginning of a study of the teaching of partial derivatives, with a goal of better aligning the teaching of multivariable calculus with the needs of students in STEM disciplines. In this paper, we report on an initial study of expert understanding of partial derivatives across three disciplines: physics, engineering, and mathematics. We report on the central research question of how disciplinary experts understand partial derivatives, and how their concept images of partial derivatives differ, with a focus on experimentally measured quantities. Using the partial derivative machine (PDM), we probed expert understanding of partial derivatives in an experimental context without a known functional form. In particular, we investigated which representations were cued by the experts' interactions with the PDM. Whereas the physicists and engineers were quick to use measurements to find a numeric approximation for a derivative, the mathematicians repeatedly returned to speculation as to the functional form; although they were comfortable drawing qualitative conclusions about the system from measurements, they were reluctant to approximate the derivative through measurement. On a theoretical front, we found ways in which existing frameworks for the concept of derivative could be expanded to include numerical approximation.

  12. The Antioxidant Activity of New Coumarin Derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.; Al-Amiery, Ahmed A.; Musa, Ahmed Y.; Mohamad, Abu Bakar

    2011-01-01

    The antioxidant activity of two synthesized coumarins namely, N-(4,7-dioxo-2- phenyl-1,3-oxazepin-3(2H,4H,7H)-yl)-2-(2-oxo-2H-chromen-4-yloxy)acetamide 5 and N-(4-oxo-2-phenylthiazolidin-3-yl)-2-(2-oxo-2H-chromen-4-yloxy)acetamide 6 were studied with the DPPH, hydrogen peroxide and nitric oxide radical methods and compared with the known antioxidant ascorbic acid. Compounds 5 and 6 were synthesized in a good yield from the addition reaction of maleic anhydride or mercaptoacetic acid to compound 4, namely N?-benzylidene-2-(2-oxo-2H-chromen-4-yloxy)acetohydrazide. Compound 4 was synthesized by the condensation of compound 3, namely 2-(2-oxo-2H-chromen-4-yloxy) acetohydrazide, with benzaldehyde. Compound 3, however, was synthesized from the addition of hydrazine to compound 2, namely ethyl 2-(2-oxo-2H-chromen-4-yloxy)acetate, which was synthesized from the reaction of ethyl bromoacetate with 4-hydroxycoumarin 1. Structures for the synthesized coumarins 2–6 are proposed on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. PMID:22016624

  13. Radioactively labelled porphyrin derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koní?ová, R.; Ernestová, M.; Jedináková-K?ížová, V.; Král, V.

    2003-01-01

    Radioactive labelling of guanidine-bearing tetraphenylporphyrin and Dy—texaphyrin with selected radionuclides (166Ho and 90Y) is described. A basic characterisation of studied porphyrin and texaphyrin, including their behaviour in a wide range of pH values and data on holmium and yttrium complexation with these compounds was probed using UV-VIS absorption spectrometry. The labelling yield of these macrocyclic molecules depends on the pH of the reaction mixture, metal: ligand ratio and time of incubation. Optimal reaction conditions for formation of porphyrin and texaphyrin radioactive complexes were determined by thin layer chromatography with the detection of ?- activity. The ability of porphyrin derivatives to bind anions was examined as well. Our experiments were focused on perrhenate ion (ReO4 -) because radiopharmaceuticals labelled with isotopes 186Re and 188Re play an important role in therapy of numerous tumour diseases. The possibility of applying ReO4 - anion directly for labelling purposes, without the necessity of its reduction to lower oxidation state, was not proved.

  14. Four novel spirooxazacamphorsultam derivatives.

    PubMed

    Wilke, Burkhardt I; Goodenough, Angela K; Bausch, Cory C; Cline, Erika N; Abrams, M Leigh; Fayer, Effrat L; Swenson, Dale C; Cermak, Diana M

    2010-12-01

    The chiral compounds (6aS,9S,10aR)-11,11-dimethyl-5,5-dioxo-2,3,8,9-tetrahydro-6H-6a,9-methanooxazaolo[2,3-i][2,1]benzisothiazol-10(7H)-one, C(12)H(17)NO(4)S, (1), (7aS,10S,11aR)-12,12-dimethyl-6,6-dioxo-3,4,9,10-tetrahydro-7H-7a,10-methano-2H-1,3-oxazino[2,3-i][2,1]benzisothiazol-11(8H)-one, C(13)H(19)NO(4)S, (2), (6aS,9S,10R,10aR)-11,11-dimethyl-5,5-dioxo-2,3,7,8,9,10-hexahydro-6H-6a,9-methanooxazolo[2,3-i][2,1]benzisothiazol-10-ol, C(12)H(19)NO(4)S, (3), and (7aS,10S,11R,11aR)-12,12-dimethyl-6,6-dioxo-3,4,8,9,10,11-hexahydro-7H-7a-methano-2H-[1,3]oxazino[2,3-i][2,1]benzisothiazol-11-ol, C(13)H(21)NO(4)S, (4), consist of a camphor core with a five-membered spirosultaoxazolidine or six-membered spirosultaoxazine, as both their keto and hydroxy derivatives. In each structure, the molecules are linked via hydrogen bonding to the sulfonyl O atoms, forming chains in the unit-cell b-axis direction. The chains interconnect via weak C-H...O interactions. The keto compounds have very similar packing but represent the highest melting [507-508?K for (1)] and lowest melting [457-458?K for (2)] solids. PMID:21123893

  15. Synthesis and radical scavenger properties of novel spirochromenes derived from steroid sapogenins.

    PubMed

    Ramos-Enríquez, Manuel A; Medina-Campos, Omar N; Pedraza-Chaverri, José; Iglesias-Arteaga, Martín A

    2015-06-01

    Tandem aldol condensation between steroid sapogenins and hydroxylated benzaldehydes afforded steroidal spirochromenes. Compounds that bear a phenolic hydroxyl group at position C-6', obtained by a reaction with 2,5-dihydroxybenzaldehyde, showed approximately 80% of maximal radical scavenging activity in the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) assay at 288 nM. In contrast, the starting steroid sapogenins and the spirochromenes without a phenolic group in the side chain proved to be inactive. PMID:25824324

  16. Quantum mechanics of higher derivative systems and total derivative terms

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaminaga, Yasuhito

    1996-08-01

    A general theory is presented of the classical and quantum mechanics of singular, non-autonomous, higher derivative systems. It is shown that adding a total derivative to a Lagrangian does not materially affect either, (a) the canonical analysis of the system, or (b) its quantum mechanics.

  17. Biomolecule derived nanostructured arrays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yuan, Zhen

    During the last decade, intensive research have been reported on biomimetic approaches towards achieving mono-dispersed nanoparticles, and building self-assembled system out of those (organizing nanoparticles). However the development of this research avenue is being hindered by the limited knowledge and very few practical, efficient, cost-effective approaches for implementation of the bio-derived arrays into engineering practice. The objective of this work is to biomimeticaly form nanocomposite materials using a simple, rapid, inexpensive, scalable approach, which is general enough and not limited to colloidal particle self-assembly. Throughout the studies, we have developed a universally applicable process, which is to fabricate macro-biomolecular arrays on solid substrates based on the convective self-assembly of colloidal particles. We have demonstrated that protein (ferritin) and virus (phage) arrays were directly deposited onto solid substrates such as glass, silicon wafer, and gold substrate in closed or near closed-packed order. The arrays were further incorporated into a more robust silica matrix, in such that strengthens the thermal stability and provides porous accessibility. After treatment in controlled pyrolysis, the organic protein shell was removed, left mono-dispersed iron-oxide nanoparticles intact on the substrate or in the silica matrix. Both iron-oxide nanoparticles arrays with or without silica matrix have been further characterized to possess superferromagnetic properties at low temperature (15 K), same as that in bulk material. Initial work on protein patterning, through combining either lithography based top-down or bottom-up techniques with our novel deposition approach, was presented as well. Thin film deposition of mesoporous materials using convective self-assembly is another main part in this work. Both silica and carbon mesoporous thin films were successfully formed using the convective self-assembly horizontal-coating approach. We have shown that ultra thin mesoporous film (less than 100 nm) could be obtained through increasing the coating speed with the solution concentration remained same. Combining with lithographically patterned surface, the mesoporous thin films will be well suited for applications for bio-sensing, separations and etc. Studies were also carried out on the transport of fluid and electric current in fluidic channels with size in nanometer range; particular attention was paid on the effect of the electrolyte valence. At these dimensions new physical phenomena begin to occur because the electric double layers formed at the channel walls become comparable to the channel width and the overall wall surface to channel volume ratio increases. Numerical analysis predicts that the electrokinetic transport phenomena differ from multivalent ions to monovalent ions in the nanochannel when double layer overlap is large. This dependence affects the transport of current, fluid and dissolved analytes in a fluidic channel. The valence of the dissolved counterions determines the electric current and fluid flow in a nanochannel by shaping the electrostatic potential distribution. Our calculation shows that in absence of strong adsorption at the wall, divalent counterions lead to greater current and fluid flow than monovalent electrolyte for the same overall ionic strength. The results also indicate that control over the transport processes in fluidic nanochannels can be accomplished through properly selecting and combining electrolytes.

  18. Learning Discrete Mathematics with DERIVE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hagelgans, Nancy L.

    This study describes a discrete mathematics course for second year college students majoring in computer science or mathematics. Students worked in cooperative learning groups on challenging projects using the computer algebra programming language DERIVE. Results indicate that DERIVE allowed students to verify their conjectures, students generally…

  19. What is a fractional derivative?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ortigueira, Manuel D.; Tenreiro Machado, J. A.

    2015-07-01

    This paper discusses the concepts underlying the formulation of operators capable of being interpreted as fractional derivatives or fractional integrals. Two criteria for required by a fractional operator are formulated. The Grünwald-Letnikov, Riemann-Liouville and Caputo fractional derivatives and the Riesz potential are accessed in the light of the proposed criteria. A Leibniz rule is also obtained for the Riesz potential.

  20. 12 CFR 563.172 - Financial derivatives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Financial derivatives. 563.172 Section 563.172 Banks...Management Policies § 563.172 Financial derivatives. (a) What is a financial derivative? A financial derivative is a...

  1. 12 CFR 563.172 - Financial derivatives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Financial derivatives. 563.172 Section 563.172 Banks...Management Policies § 563.172 Financial derivatives. (a) What is a financial derivative? A financial derivative is a...

  2. Elevation Derivatives for National Applications

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    2005-01-01

    The Elevation Derivatives for National Applications (EDNA) project is a multi-agency effort to develop standard topographically derived layers for use in hydrologic and environmental modeling. The EDNA takes advantage of the seamless and filtered characteristics for the National Elevation Dataset (NED) to create a hydrologically conditioned Digital Elevation Model (DEM) useful for modeling applications. The goals of the project are to create a hydrologically conditioned DEM and systematically extract a set of standard derivatives that can be used to facilitate data integration with other U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) framework data sets such as the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD) and the Watershed Boundaries Dataset (WBD).

  3. Quinazoline derivatives: synthesis and bioactivities

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Owing to the significant biological activities, quinazoline derivatives have drawn more and more attention in the synthesis and bioactivities research. This review summarizes the recent advances in the synthesis and biological activities investigations of quinazoline derivatives. According to the main method the authors adopted in their research design, those synthetic methods were divided into five main classifications, including Aza-reaction, Microwave-assisted reaction, Metal-mediated reaction, Ultrasound-promoted reaction and Phase-transfer catalysis reaction. The biological activities of the synthesized quinazoline derivatives also are discussed. PMID:23731671

  4. X-ray and DFT calculated structures of 2-(1 H-imidazol-1-yl)-1-(2-naphthyl)ethan-1-one N-phenylthiosemicarbazone and 2-(1 H-imidazol-1-yl)-1-(2-naphthyl)ethan-1-one N-(4-chlorophenyl)thiosemicarbazone

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sahin, Z. S.; Septioglu, E.; Calis, U.; Isik, S.

    2014-12-01

    Crystal and molecular structures of two new compounds 2-(1 H-imidazol-1-yl)-1-(2-naphthyl)ethan-1-one N-phenylthiosemicarbazone, C22H19N5S, ( I) and 2-(1 H-imidazol-1-yl)-1-(2-naphthyl)ethan-1-one N-(4-chlorophenyl)thiosemicarbazone, C22H18ClN5S, ( II) have been determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Molecular geometries from X-ray experiment of I and II have been compared with those calculated using the Density Functional Theory (DFT) with B3LYP/6-31G( d, p) basis set. Both compounds crystallize in the monoclinic space group P21/ c with Z = 4: a = 13.2880(5), 14.2648(3) Å, b = 9.4122(2), 9.3892(3) Å, c = 15.6341(6), 15.6268(4) Å, ? = 101.779(3)°, 104.926(2)°, for I and II, respectively. An extensive two-dimensional network of N-H⋯N hydrogen bonds and ?-ring interactions are responsible for crystal stabilization in both structures.

  5. Synthesis, characterization and thermal studies of binary and/or mixed ligand complexes of Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(III) based on 2-(Hydroxybenzylidene) thiosemicarbazone: DNA binding affinity of binary Cu(II) complex

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Saif, M.; Mashaly, Mahmoud M.; Eid, Mohamed F.; Fouad, R.

    A new series of metal complexes of Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(III) with Schiff base ligand, H2L, 2-(Hydroxybenzylidene) thiosemicarbazone were synthesized. The mixed ligand complexes were prepared by using glycine (Gly), 2-aminopyridine (2-Ampy) and 1,10-phenanthroline (Phen) as secondary ligands. The structure of these complexes was identified and confirmed by elemental analysis, molar conductivity, UV-Vis, FT-IR and 1H NMR spectroscopy and magnetic moment measurements as well as TG-DSC technique. The discussions of the prepared complexes indicate that the ligand behaves as a monoanionic tridentate ligand through ONS donor sites. Thermal studies suggested a mechanism for the degradation of the metal complexes as a function of temperature supporting the chelation modes and showed the possibility of obtaining new complexes pyrolytically in the solid state which cannot be synthesized from the solution. The absorption studies support that the binary Cu(II) complex exhibits a significant binding affinity to HS-DNA through intercalative mode.

  6. Synthesis, characterization and thermal studies of binary and/or mixed ligand complexes of Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(III) based on 2-(Hydroxybenzylidene) thiosemicarbazone: DNA binding affinity of binary Cu(II) complex.

    PubMed

    Saif, M; Mashaly, Mahmoud M; Eid, Mohamed F; Fouad, R

    2012-06-15

    A new series of metal complexes of Cd(II), Cu(II), Ni(II) and Co(III) with Schiff base ligand, H(2)L, 2-(Hydroxybenzylidene) thiosemicarbazone were synthesized. The mixed ligand complexes were prepared by using glycine (Gly), 2-aminopyridine (2-Ampy) and 1,10-phenanthroline (Phen) as secondary ligands. The structure of these complexes was identified and confirmed by elemental analysis, molar conductivity, UV-Vis, FT-IR and (1)H NMR spectroscopy and magnetic moment measurements as well as TG-DSC technique. The discussions of the prepared complexes indicate that the ligand behaves as a monoanionic tridentate ligand through ONS donor sites. Thermal studies suggested a mechanism for the degradation of the metal complexes as a function of temperature supporting the chelation modes and showed the possibility of obtaining new complexes pyrolytically in the solid state which cannot be synthesized from the solution. The absorption studies support that the binary Cu(II) complex exhibits a significant binding affinity to HS-DNA through intercalative mode. PMID:22446784

  7. Rational design of pyrrolobenzodiazepine derivatives 

    E-print Network

    Kaliszczak, Maciej

    2009-11-25

    Pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD) derivatives interact with the minor-groove of DNA to form mono-adducts (monomers) or cross-links (dimers). They show remarkable activity in vitro and in vivo in a wide range of tumour types ...

  8. Synthesis of some 1,8-dioxoacridine carboxylic acid derivatives and the determination of their ionization constants in ethanol-water mixtures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sayg?l?, Rukiye; Ulus, Ramazan; Ye?ilda?, ?brahim; Kübra ?nal, E.; Kaya, Muharrem; Murat Kalfa, O.; Zeybek, Bülent

    2015-03-01

    Four novel compounds of 1,8-dioxoacridine carboxylic acid derivatives (4-(3,3,6,6-tetramethyl-1,8-dioxo-9-phenyl-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydroacridin-10(9H)-yl)benzoic acid, 4-(9-(4-cyanophenyl)-3,3,6,6-tetramethyl-1,8-dioxo-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydroacridin-10(9H)-yl)benzoic acid, 4-(9-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,3,6,6-tetramethyl-1,8-dioxo-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydroacridin-10(9H)-yl)benzoic acid, 4-(9-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-3,3,6,6-tetramethyl-1,8-dioxo-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydroacridin-10(9H)-yl)benzoic acid) were prepared by the reaction of the 4-substitute benzaldehyde (hydrogen, hydroxyl, cyano, and 2,4-dichloro), 4-aminobenzoic acid, and 5,5-dimethylcyclohexane-1,3-dione in the presence of p-dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid. They were characterized by using FT-IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, GC-MS spectroscopic techniques. The stoichiometric ionization constants of these compounds were determined in ethanol-water mixtures of 50%, 60% and 70% ethanol (v/v) by potentiometric titration method and the ionization constants were calculated with three different ways. The effects of solvent composition and substituent groups on ionization constants of 1,8-dioxoacridine carboxylic acids were also discussed.

  9. Derivative-Free Optimization Proximal Point Methods Derivative-Free Proximal Point Conclusion Derivative-Free Optimization via Proximal

    E-print Network

    Derivative-Free Optimization Proximal Point Methods Derivative-Free Proximal Point Conclusion Derivative-Free Optimization via Proximal Point Methods Yves Lucet & Warren Hare July 24, 2013 1 / 26 #12;Derivative-Free Optimization Proximal Point Methods Derivative-Free Proximal Point Conclusion Outline 1

  10. ESR studies of radicals derived from tetrahydrofuran derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ko, Share-Wing; Ling, A. Campbell; Waltman, Robert J.; Bargon, Joachim

    Free radicals derived from tetrahydrofuran, 2,3- or 2,5-dihydrofuran as well as from some methoxy or mono- and di-methyl derivatives thereof have been generated via hydrogen abstraction via photolytically generated t-butoxy radicals. The g values of these radicals have been determined by ESR spectrometry and the hyperfine splitting constants have been assigned using deuterium labeling. Saturated systems give rise to cyclic alkyl radicals via hydrogen abstraction from the carbon in the a-position to oxygen; unsaturated systems yield cyclic allyl-type radicals.

  11. Drugs derived from phage display

    PubMed Central

    Nixon, Andrew E; Sexton, Daniel J; Ladner, Robert C

    2014-01-01

    Phage display, one of today’s fundamental drug discovery technologies, allows identification of a broad range of biological drugs, including peptides, antibodies and other proteins, with the ability to tailor critical characteristics such as potency, specificity and cross-species binding. Further, unlike in vivo technologies, generating phage display-derived antibodies is not restricted by immunological tolerance. Although more than 20 phage display-derived antibody and peptides are currently in late-stage clinical trials or approved, there is little literature addressing the specific challenges and successes in the clinical development of phage-derived drugs. This review uses case studies, from candidate identification through clinical development, to illustrate the utility of phage display as a drug discovery tool, and offers a perspective for future developments of phage display technology. PMID:24262785

  12. Variational Approach and Deformed Derivatives

    E-print Network

    José Weberszpil; José Abdalla Helayël-Neto

    2015-11-09

    Recently, we have demonstrated that there exists a possible relationship between q-deformed algebras in two different contexts of Statistical Mechanics, namely, the Tsallis' framework and the Kaniadakis' scenario, with a local form of fractional-derivative operators for fractal media, the so-called Hausdorff derivatives, mapped into a continuous medium with a fractal measure. Here, in this paper, we present an extension of the traditional calculus of variations for systems containing deformed-derivatives embedded into the Lagrangian and the Lagrangian densities for classical and field systems. The results extend the classical Euler-Lagrange equations and the Hamiltonian formalism. The resulting dynamical equations seem to be compatible with those found in the literature, specially with mass-dependent and with nonlinear equations for systems in classical and quantum mechanics. Examples are presented to illustrate applications of the formulation. Also, the conserved Nether current, are worked out.

  13. Variational Approach and Deformed Derivatives

    E-print Network

    Weberszpil, José

    2015-01-01

    Recently, we have demonstrated that there exists a possible relationship between q-deformed algebras in two different contexts of Statistical Mechanics, namely, the Tsallis' framework and the Kaniadakis' scenario, with a local form of fractional-derivative operators for fractal media, the so-called Hausdorff derivatives, mapped into a continuous medium with a fractal measure. Here, in this paper, we present an extension of the traditional calculus of variations for systems containing deformed-derivatives embedded into the Lagrangian and the Lagrangian densities for classical and field systems. The results extend the classical Euler-Lagrange equations and the Hamiltonian formalism. The resulting dynamical equations seem to be compatible with those found in the literature, specially with mass-dependent and with nonlinear equations for systems in classical and quantum mechanics. Examples are presented to illustrate applications of the formulation. Also, the conserved Nether current, are worked out.

  14. Sol-gel derived sorbents

    DOEpatents

    Sigman, Michael E.; Dindal, Amy B.

    2003-11-11

    Described is a method for producing copolymerized sol-gel derived sorbent particles for the production of copolymerized sol-gel derived sorbent material. The method for producing copolymerized sol-gel derived sorbent particles comprises adding a basic solution to an aqueous metal alkoxide mixture for a pH.ltoreq.8 to hydrolyze the metal alkoxides. Then, allowing the mixture to react at room temperature for a precalculated period of time for the mixture to undergo an increased in viscosity to obtain a desired pore size and surface area. The copolymerized mixture is then added to an immiscible, nonpolar solvent that has been heated to a sufficient temperature wherein the copolymerized mixture forms a solid upon the addition. The solid is recovered from the mixture, and is ready for use in an active sampling trap or activated for use in a passive sampling trap.

  15. Magnetic cellulose-derivative structures

    DOEpatents

    Walsh, Myles A. (Falmouth, MA); Morris, Robert S. (Fairhaven, MA)

    1986-09-16

    Structures to serve as selective magnetic sorbents are formed by dissolving a cellulose derivative such as cellulose triacetate in a solvent containing magnetic particles. The resulting solution is sprayed as a fine mist into a chamber containing a liquid coagulant such as n-hexane in which the cellulose derivative is insoluble but in which the coagulant is soluble or miscible. On contact with the coagulant, the mist forms free-flowing porous magnetic microspheric structures. These structures act as containers for the ion-selective or organic-selective sorption agent of choice. Some sorbtion agents can be incorporated during the manufacture of the structure.

  16. Magnetic cellulose-derivative structures

    DOEpatents

    Walsh, M.A.; Morris, R.S.

    1986-09-16

    Structures to serve as selective magnetic sorbents are formed by dissolving a cellulose derivative such as cellulose triacetate in a solvent containing magnetic particles. The resulting solution is sprayed as a fine mist into a chamber containing a liquid coagulant such as n-hexane in which the cellulose derivative is insoluble but in which the coagulant is soluble or miscible. On contact with the coagulant, the mist forms free-flowing porous magnetic microspheric structures. These structures act as containers for the ion-selective or organic-selective sorption agent of choice. Some sorption agents can be incorporated during the manufacture of the structure. 3 figs.

  17. Informational derivation of Quantum Theory

    E-print Network

    G. Chiribella; G. M. D'Ariano; P. Perinotti

    2011-07-15

    Quantum theory can be derived from purely informational principles. Five elementary axioms-causality, perfect distinguishability, ideal compression, local distinguishability, and pure conditioning-define a broad class of theories of information-processing that can be regarded as a standard. One postulate-purification-singles out quantum theory within this class. The main structures of quantum theory, such as the representation of mixed states as convex combinations of perfectly distinguishable pure states, are derived directly from the principles without using the Hilbert space framework.

  18. Fractional derivatives in Dengue epidemics

    E-print Network

    Pooseh, Shakoor; Torres, Delfim F M

    2011-01-01

    We introduce the use of fractional calculus, i.e., the use of integrals and derivatives of non-integer (arbitrary) order, in epidemiology. The proposed approach is illustrated with an outbreak of dengue disease, which is motivated by the first dengue epidemic ever recorded in the Cape Verde islands off the coast of west Africa, in 2009. Numerical simulations show that in some cases the fractional models fit better the reality when compared with the standard differential models. The classical results are obtained as particular cases by considering the order of the derivatives to take an integer value.

  19. 40 CFR 721.10039 - Diethoxybenzenamine derivative, diazotized, coupled with aminonaphthalenesulfonic acid derivative...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Diethoxybenzenamine derivative, diazotized, coupled with aminonaphthalenesulfonic acid derivative, ammonium salt (generic). 721...721.10039 Diethoxybenzenamine derivative, diazotized, coupled with...

  20. 40 CFR 721.10039 - Diethoxybenzenamine derivative, diazotized, coupled with aminonaphthalenesulfonic acid derivative...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Diethoxybenzenamine derivative, diazotized, coupled with aminonaphthalenesulfonic acid derivative, ammonium salt (generic). 721...721.10039 Diethoxybenzenamine derivative, diazotized, coupled with...

  1. 28 CFR 17.26 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Derivative classification. 17.26 Section...Classified Information § 17.26 Derivative classification. (a) Persons...classification guides. (b) Persons who apply derivative classification markings shall...

  2. 40 CFR 721.9658 - Thiadiazole derivative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Thiadiazole derivative. 721.9658 Section 721.9658...Substances § 721.9658 Thiadiazole derivative. (a) Chemical substance and significant...substance identified as a thiadiazole derivative (PMN P-94-1631) is subject...

  3. 46 CFR 503.55 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Derivative classification. 503.55 Section...Information Security Program § 503.55 Derivative classification. (a) In...apply to the source information, is derivative classification. (1)...

  4. 46 CFR 503.55 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Derivative classification. 503.55 Section...Information Security Program § 503.55 Derivative classification. (a) In...apply to the source information, is derivative classification. (1)...

  5. 45 CFR 601.5 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Derivative classification. 601.5 Section...NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION § 601.5 Derivative classification. Distinct...authority. (a) If a person who applies derivative classification markings...

  6. 40 CFR 721.9658 - Thiadiazole derivative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Thiadiazole derivative. 721.9658 Section 721.9658...Substances § 721.9658 Thiadiazole derivative. (a) Chemical substance and significant...substance identified as a thiadiazole derivative (PMN P-94-1631) is subject...

  7. 28 CFR 17.26 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Derivative classification. 17.26 Section...Classified Information § 17.26 Derivative classification. (a) Persons...classification guides. (b) Persons who apply derivative classification markings shall...

  8. 40 CFR 721.1820 - Bisphenol derivative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 2010-07-01 false Bisphenol derivative. 721.1820 Section 721.1820...Substances § 721.1820 Bisphenol derivative. (a) Chemical substance and significant...substance identified generically as bisphenol derivative (PMN No. P-92-509) is...

  9. 40 CFR 721.5913 - Phenothiazine derivative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Phenothiazine derivative. 721.5913 Section 721.5913...Substances § 721.5913 Phenothiazine derivative. (a) Chemical substance and significant...identified generically as a phenothiazine derivative (PMN P-96-813) is subject...

  10. 40 CFR 721.5913 - Phenothiazine derivative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 false Phenothiazine derivative. 721.5913 Section 721.5913...Substances § 721.5913 Phenothiazine derivative. (a) Chemical substance and significant...identified generically as a phenothiazine derivative (PMN P-96-813) is subject...

  11. 40 CFR 721.1820 - Bisphenol derivative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 2011-07-01 false Bisphenol derivative. 721.1820 Section 721.1820...Substances § 721.1820 Bisphenol derivative. (a) Chemical substance and significant...substance identified generically as bisphenol derivative (PMN No. P-92-509) is...

  12. 32 CFR 2001.22 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Derivative classification. 2001.22 Section...Identification and Markings § 2001.22 Derivative classification. (a) General... (b) Identity of persons who apply derivative classification markings....

  13. 32 CFR 2001.22 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Derivative classification. 2001.22 Section...Identification and Markings § 2001.22 Derivative classification. (a) General... (b) Identity of persons who apply derivative classification markings....

  14. Quaternion Derivatives: The GHR Calculus

    E-print Network

    Dongpo Xu; Cyrus Jahanchahi; Clive C. Took; Danilo P. Mandic

    2014-09-25

    Quaternion derivatives in the mathematical literature are typically defined only for analytic (regular) functions. However, in engineering problems, functions of interest are often real-valued and thus not analytic, such as the standard cost function. The HR calculus is a convenient way to calculate formal derivatives of both analytic and non-analytic functions of quaternion variables, however, both the HR and other functional calculus in quaternion analysis have encountered an essential technical obstacle, that is, the traditional product rule is invalid due to the non- commutativity of the quaternion algebra. To address this issue, a generalized form of the HR derivative is proposed based on a general orthogonal system. The so introduced generalization, called the generalized HR (GHR) calculus, encompasses not just the left- and right-hand versions of quaternion derivative, but also enables solutions to some long standing problems, such as the novel product rule, the chain rule, the mean-valued theorem and Taylor's theorem. At the core of the proposed approach is the quaternion rotation, which can naturally be applied to other functional calculi in non-commutative settings. Examples on using the GHR calculus in adaptive signal processing support the analysis.

  15. Derivation Trees and Regular Languages

    E-print Network

    Goddard, Wayne

    pieces, one can write S A | B; and if the concatenation of two pieces, one can write S CD. If overall language is the star of a piece, say generated by E, then one can write S ES | . Goddard 6b: 10 #12 of is the sequence of steps that gets to . A leftmost derivation is where at each stage one replaces the leftmost

  16. Synthesis, photoisomerization properties and thermal bleaching kinetics of pyrazolones containing 3-cyanobenzal

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deng, Caiming; Abdurehman, Samat; Liu, Lang; Wu, Dongling; Jia, Dianzeng; Zhou, Rong

    2015-09-01

    Through the design of molecules and the modification of structures, ten novel pyrazolone derivatives containing 3-cyanobenzal have been synthesized. They are 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-(3-cyanobenzal)-5-hydroxypyrazole thiosemicarbazone (1)/4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (2)/4-ethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (3)/4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (4)/4-phenylsemicarbazone (5) and 1,3-diphenyl-4-(3-cyanobenzal)-5-hydroxypyrazole thiosemicarbazone (6)/4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (7)/4-ethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (8)/4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (9)/4-phenylsemicarbazone (10), in which seven compounds (1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8 and 10) have photoisomerization behaviors. Their structures, photoisomerization properties, and first-order kinetics were investigated. The results show that the compounds 2, 3, 7 and 8 exhibit irreversible photoisomerization behaviors, the other three compounds have reversible photoisomerization behaviors under 365 nm light irradiation and heat. But only 1,3-diphenyl-4-(3-cyanobenzal)-5-hydroxypyrazole 4-phenylsemicarbazone (10) exhibits good photochromic properties and fatigue resistance. Moreover, effects of various temperatures on the thermal bleaching reaction for 10 and substituent groups on the photochromic phenomenon are discussed.

  17. Synthesis, photoisomerization properties and thermal bleaching kinetics of pyrazolones containing 3-cyanobenzal.

    PubMed

    Deng, Caiming; Abdurehman, Samat; Liu, Lang; Wu, Dongling; Jia, Dianzeng; Zhou, Rong

    2015-09-01

    Through the design of molecules and the modification of structures, ten novel pyrazolone derivatives containing 3-cyanobenzal have been synthesized. They are 1-phenyl-3-methyl-4-(3-cyanobenzal)-5-hydroxypyrazole thiosemicarbazone (1)/4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (2)/4-ethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (3)/4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (4)/4-phenylsemicarbazone (5) and 1,3-diphenyl-4-(3-cyanobenzal)-5-hydroxypyrazole thiosemicarbazone (6)/4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (7)/4-ethyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (8)/4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone (9)/4-phenylsemicarbazone (10), in which seven compounds (1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8 and 10) have photoisomerization behaviors. Their structures, photoisomerization properties, and first-order kinetics were investigated. The results show that the compounds 2, 3, 7 and 8 exhibit irreversible photoisomerization behaviors, the other three compounds have reversible photoisomerization behaviors under 365nm light irradiation and heat. But only 1,3-diphenyl-4-(3-cyanobenzal)-5-hydroxypyrazole 4-phenylsemicarbazone (10) exhibits good photochromic properties and fatigue resistance. Moreover, effects of various temperatures on the thermal bleaching reaction for 10 and substituent groups on the photochromic phenomenon are discussed. PMID:25909906

  18. Coordination of Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II), Hg(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II) with 2,5-hexanedione bis(thiosemicarbazone), HBTS: Crystal structure of cis-[Pd(HBTS)]Cl2 and 1-(2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrol-yl)-thiourea

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jeragh, Bakir; El-Asmy, Ahmed A.

    2014-09-01

    Metal complexes of Fe3+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+, Hg2+, Pd2+ or Pt2+ with 2,5-hexanedione bis(thiosemicarbazone), HBTS; have been prepared and spectroscopically investigated. The empirical formulae of the complexes were suggested based on the elemental analysis. Single crystal of Pd(II) has been solved to be cis-form of square-planar geometry by the X-ray crystallography. 1H and 13C NMR spectra have been recorded for HBTS, Zn(II), Cd(II), Hg(II), Pd(II) and Pt(II) complexes, in DMSO-d6, showing the mode of chelation. The ligand acts as a neutral or a binegative tetradentate (N2S2) or neutral bidentate on the basis of FT-IR. The magnetic moments and electronic spectra provide information about the geometry of the complexes which supported by calculating the ligand field parameters for the Co(II) and Fe(III) complexes. The Ni(II) complex has subnormal magnetic moment (0.71 BM) indicative of a mixed stereochemistry of square-planar and tetrahedral structure. [Cu(HBTS-2H)] measured 0.93 BM indicating high interaction between the copper centers. The ligand may be ordered at the top of the spectrochemical series which giving high ligand field splitting energy (10Dq = 17,900 cm-1 for Co2+ complex). The mass spectra of some complexes proved their stable chemical formulae while the TGA depicts the degradation steps and the final residue. In evaporating the mother liquor during the preparation of HBTS, new compound is obtained naming 1-(2,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrol-yl)thiourea and its crystal was solved.

  19. New heteroaryl derivatives of fentanyl.

    PubMed

    Llama, E F; del Campo, C; Capo, M

    1991-01-01

    The preparation of analogues of fentanyl with N-phenyl replaced with a heterocyclic aromatic ring, and with N-alkyl/arylalkyl N-acyl substituents is reported. Only those compounds carrying an N-phenylethyl substituent were active in the rat tail-withdrawal test. Fentanyl (1) is the prototype of the 4-anilido-piperidine class of opioid analgesics (Casy & Parfitt 1986). Several recent publications (Casy & Huckstep 1988; Bagley et al 1989) on this series have dealt with heterocyclic and aromatic modifications of the fentanyl molecule. Although the antinociceptive potency of most novel derivatives was greater than that of morphine, they had reduced activity when compared with fentanyl itself. To acquire further information on the structure-reactivity relationships of the series, new heteroaryl derivatives have been prepared and tested for antinociceptive activity. PMID:1676069

  20. Derivation of aerodynamic kernel functions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dowell, E. H.; Ventres, C. S.

    1973-01-01

    The method of Fourier transforms is used to determine the kernel function which relates the pressure on a lifting surface to the prescribed downwash within the framework of Dowell's (1971) shear flow model. This model is intended to improve upon the potential flow aerodynamic model by allowing for the aerodynamic boundary layer effects neglected in the potential flow model. For simplicity, incompressible, steady flow is considered. The proposed method is illustrated by deriving known results from potential flow theory.

  1. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells.

    PubMed

    Nagaraj, Srinivas; Gabrilovich, Dmitry I

    2007-01-01

    The development of tumor-specific T cell tolerance is largely responsible for tumor escape. Accumulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in animal tumor models as well as in cancer patients is involved in tumor-associated T cell tolerance. In recent years, it has become increasingly evident that MDSCs bring about antigen-specific T cell tolerance by various mechanisms, which is the focus of this chapter. PMID:17713008

  2. Position Estimation Using Image Derivative

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mortari, Daniele; deDilectis, Francesco; Zanetti, Renato

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes an image processing algorithm to process Moon and/or Earth images. The theory presented is based on the fact that Moon hard edge points are characterized by the highest values of the image derivative. Outliers are eliminated by two sequential filters. Moon center and radius are then estimated by nonlinear least-squares using circular sigmoid functions. The proposed image processing has been applied and validated using real and synthetic Moon images.

  3. Newton's hypothetical orbits independently derived.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kenyon, K. E.

    The mathematical results of four hypothetical orbital problems from the Principia are confirmed by an independent physical method. Each orbital problem that Newton posed and solved is characterized as follows. Given the shape of the orbit and the position of the force center, find the functional form of the central attractive force that will keep a body moving around the orbit. None of Newton's hypothetical orbital problems has so far found any apparent practical application, whereas the Kepler problem, also solved by Newton in the Principia, is of great importance to physics. The Kepler problem too can be derived easily by the present method. Newton used primarily geometrical constructions and logical deductions to arrive at his force functions. In contrast to this, the present (inverse) approach is based on a force balance: as a body moves along a curved path the outward centrifugal force always balances the component of the inward attractive force that is perpendicular to the orbit. Taking the functional form for the central force derived by Newton and inserting it into the force balance, the orbital shape can be derived by solving an ordinary second-order differential equation-the forced harmonic oscillator equation. Two of Newton's four force functions examined in this way lead to (different) fully nonlinear differential equations, which, surprisingly, can both be solved analytically and in closed form by means of the elementary functions that describe the shapes of the orbits.

  4. 12 CFR 563.172 - Financial derivatives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Financial derivatives. 563.172 Section 563.172...-OPERATIONS Financial Management Policies § 563.172 Financial derivatives. (a) What is a financial derivative? A financial derivative is a financial contract whose value depends on the value of one or...

  5. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA DERIVATIVES POLICY

    E-print Network

    Meyers, Steven D.

    of financial position and measurement of those instruments at fair value. The accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative (gains and losses) depends on the intended use of the derivative and reporting standards for derivative instruments, a financial instrument which derives its value from

  6. 12 CFR 563.172 - Financial derivatives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Financial derivatives. 563.172 Section 563.172 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS-OPERATIONS Financial Management Policies § 563.172 Financial derivatives. (a) What is a financial derivative? A financial derivative is a...

  7. The Fermi derivative in the hypersurfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Karaku?, Fatma; Yayli, Yusuf

    2015-10-01

    In this study, Fermi derivative and according to the derivative Fermi parallelism and non-rotating frame concepts are given on any hypersurface in En+1. Initially, Fermi derivative and non-rotating concepts are analyzed on any hypersurface in E4. As an example, S3 is taken instead of the hypersurface in E4. Fermi derivative and non-rotating concepts are examined for S3. Then a correlation is found between Fermi derivative and Levi-Civita derivative of any vector field in E4. And then the concepts of Fermi derivative are generalized for n > 4 in En+1.

  8. The Derivation of Primary Human Epicardium-Derived Cells.

    PubMed

    Clunie-O'Connor, Caitlin; Smits, Anke M; Antoniades, Charalambos; Russell, Angela J; Yellon, Derek M; Goumans, Marie-José; Riley, Paul R

    2015-01-01

    To develop therapeutic strategies for the regeneration of lost heart muscle after myocardial infarction (MI), a source of functional new muscle cells and associated coronary vessels must be identified. The epicardium is a source of several cardiovascular cell types during heart development and is widely regarded as a resident progenitor population, which becomes dormant during adulthood. In adult mice, MI induces epicardial reactivation characterized by an upregulation of fetal genes and subsequent epicardium derived cell (EPDC) proliferation, migration, and differentiation. Determining whether the epicardium can be therapeutically targeted following cardiovascular disease requires an in vitro system for the study of adult human EPDCs (hEPDCs). This protocol describes techniques to establish and maintain human epicardium explant cultures from patient-derived right atrial appendage biopsies and documents methods to probe the resultant outgrowth of hEPDCs. The model facilitates a high-throughput approach to either genetic or chemical phenotypic screening for drug-like modifiers of hEPDC activation and potential cell fate. © 2015 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. PMID:26544538

  9. Deriving projective hyperspace from harmonic

    SciTech Connect

    Jain, Dharmesh; Siegel, Warren

    2009-08-15

    We derive actions for projective N=2 superspace ('hyperspace') from those for harmonic hyperspace, including that for non-Abelian Yang-Mills theory (a new result). The method uses Wick rotation of the sphere from complex conjugate coordinates to real, null ones, which can be treated as independent. The result can be considered 'holographic' in that the dimension of the internal (R symmetry) space is reduced from 2 to 1, by solving equations of motion or gauge conditions for dependence on the other coordinate. The auxiliary nature of the redundant dimension makes the hypergraph rules and evaluation almost identical.

  10. Generalized derivatives and generalized convexities

    SciTech Connect

    Penot, J.P.; Quang, P.H.; Sach, P.H.

    1994-12-31

    We give a survey of the contributions of the speaker and of his co-authors in the use of nonsmooth analysis for the study of generalized convexities such as quasiconvexity, pseudoconvexity, invexity. One line of though corresponds to the use of generalized directional derivatives, as in S. Komlosi. Another track consists in using a subdifferential. This could be done in an axiomatic way, but we use essentially three classical instances; the Clarke subdifferential, the contingent subdifferential and the Frechet subdifferential. For algorithmic purposes, variants of Plastra`s subdifferential can be use.

  11. On Derivation of Goldman Bracket

    E-print Network

    S. Hasibul Hassan Chowdhury

    2015-10-05

    In this paper, we obtain an infinite dimensional Lie algebra of exotic gauge invariant observables that is closed under Goldman-type bracket associated with monodromy matrices of flat connections on a compact Riemann surface for $G_{2}$ gauge group. As a by-product, we give an alternative derivation of known Goldman bracket for classical gauge groups $GL(n,\\mathbb{R})$, $SL(n,\\mathbb{R})$, $U(n)$, $SU(n)$, $Sp(2n,\\mathbb{R})$ and $SO(n)$.

  12. Fourth order spatial derivative gravity

    SciTech Connect

    Bemfica, F. S.; Gomes, M.

    2011-10-15

    In this work, we study a modified theory of gravity that contains up to fourth order spatial derivatives as a model for the Horava-Lifshitz gravity. The propagator is evaluated and, as a result, one extra pole is obtained, corresponding to a spin-2 nonrelativistic massless particle, an extra term which jeopardizes renormalizability, besides the unexpected general relativity unmodified propagator. Then unitarity is proved at the tree level, where the general relativity pole has been shown to have no dynamics, remaining only the 2 degrees of freedom of the new pole. Next, the nonrelativistic effective potential is determined from a scattering process of two identical massive gravitationally interacting bosons. In this limit, Newton's potential is obtained, together with a Darwin-like term that comes from the extra nonpole term in the propagator. Regarding renormalizability, this extra term may be harmful by power counting, but it can be eliminated by adjusting the free parameters of the model. This adjustment is in accord with the detailed balance condition suggested in the literature and shows that the way in which extra spatial derivative terms are added is of fundamental importance.

  13. Deriving Laws from Ordering Relations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Knuth, Kevin H.

    2004-01-01

    The effect of Richard T. Cox's contribution to probability theory was to generalize Boolean implication among logical statements to degrees of implication, which are manipulated using rules derived from consistency with Boolean algebra. These rules are known as the sum rule, the product rule and Bayes Theorem, and the measure resulting from this generalization is probability. In this paper, I will describe how Cox s technique can be further generalized to include other algebras and hence other problems in science and mathematics. The result is a methodology that can be used to generalize an algebra to a calculus by relying on consistency with order theory to derive the laws of the calculus. My goals are to clear up the mysteries as to why the same basic structure found in probability theory appears in other contexts, to better understand the foundations of probability theory, and to extend these ideas to other areas by developing new mathematics and new physics. The relevance of this methodology will be demonstrated using examples from probability theory, number theory, geometry, information theory, and quantum mechanics.

  14. Binding of carbohydrates to solid supports, Part 2: Reaction of sugar hydrazones with isothiocyanate-substituted polystyrene.

    PubMed

    Tweeddale, H J; Batley, M; Redmond, J W

    1994-12-01

    The binding of sugars to a polymer support as thiosemicarbazones has been investigated as a means of immobilizing glycans. Hydrazones of glucose and N-acetylglucosamine were prepared by reaction with hydrazine hydrate, and successfully reacted with isothiocyanate-substituted polystyrene by incubation at room temperature and neutral pH. The binding was efficient and stable in aqueous buffers over a range of pH conditions. The bound sugars were recovered in moderate yield by treatment of the beads with hydrazine hydrate, benzaldehyde or acetone. Direct binding of reducing sugars to thiosemicarbazide-substituted polystyrene was not successful because of the unfavourable thermodynamics. PMID:7696862

  15. Pandoraviruses are highly derived phycodnaviruses

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    The recently discovered Pandoraviruses are by far the largest viruses known, with their 2 megabase genomes exceeding in size the genomes of numerous bacteria and archaea. Pandoraviruses show a distant relationship with other nucleocytoplasmic large DNA viruses (NCLDV) of eukaryotes, lack some of the NCLDV core genes and in particular do not appear to be specifically related to the other, better characterized family of giant viruses, the Mimiviridae. Here we report phylogenetic analysis of 6 core NCLDV genes that confidently places Pandoraviruses within the family Phycodnaviridae, with an apparent specific affinity with Coccolithoviruses. We conclude that, despite their many unusual characteristics, Pandoraviruses are highly derived phycodnaviruses. These findings imply that giant viruses have independently evolved from smaller NCLDV on at least two occasions. This article was reviewed by Patrick Forterre and Lakshminarayan Iyer. For the full reviews, see the Reviewers’ reports section. PMID:24148757

  16. Derivatives of Black Knight Technology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hill, N.; Wright, D.

    This paper traces the line of descent from Black Knight to Black Arrow, and at the same time looks at various proposed projects, both civil and military, which were to be Black Knight derivatives, but which for one reason or another never saw the light of day. Research in this area is rather akin to anthropological work, tracing fossils from Homo erectus (Black Knight) to Homo sapiens (Black Arrow), knowing that a lot of the fossils found will not be on the direct line of descent, but represent branches that became extinct. This article attempts to cover designs, which, although they never made it to hardware, are none the less interesting technically, or shine light on the evolution of design philosophy.

  17. Endothelium-derived endothelin-1.

    PubMed

    Thorin, Eric; Webb, David J

    2010-05-01

    One year after the revelation by Dr. Furchgott in 1980 that the endothelium was obligatory for acetylcholine to relax isolated arteries, it was clearly shown that the endothelium could also promote contraction. In 1988, Dr. Yanagisawa's group identified endothelin-1 (ET-1) as the first endothelium-derived contracting factor. The circulating levels of this short (21-amino acid) peptide were quickly determined in humans, and it was reported that, in most cardiovascular diseases, circulating levels of ET-1 were increased, and ET-1 was then tagged as "a bad guy." The discovery of two receptor subtypes in 1990, ET(A) and ET(B), permitted optimization of the first dual ET-1 receptor antagonist in 1993 by Dr. Clozel's team, who entered clinical development with bosentan, which was offered to patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension in 2001. The revelation of Dr. Furchgott opened a Pandora's box with ET-1 as one of the actors. In this brief review, we will discuss the physiological and pathophysiological role of endothelium-derived ET-1 focusing on the regulation of the vascular tone, and as much as possible in humans. The coronary bed will be used as a running example in this review because it is the most susceptible to endothelial dysfunction, but references to the cerebral and renal circulation will also be made. Many of the cardiovascular complications associated with aging and cardiovascular risk factors are initially attributable, at least in part, to endothelial dysfunction, particularly dysregulation of the vascular function associated with an imbalance in the close interdependence of nitric oxide and ET-1. PMID:19967386

  18. Deriving Laws from Ordering Relations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Knuth, Kevin H.

    2003-01-01

    It took much effort in the early days of non-Euclidean geometry to break away from the mindset that all spaces are flat and that two distinct parallel lines do not cross. Up to that point, all that was known was Euclidean geometry, and it was difficult to imagine anything else. We have suffered a similar handicap brought on by the enormous relevance of Boolean algebra to the problems of our age-logic and set theory. Previously, I demonstrated that the algebra of questions is not Boolean, but rather is described by the free distributive algebra. To get to this stage took much effort, as many obstacles-most self-placed-had to be overcome. As Boolean algebras were all I had ever known, it was almost impossible for me to imagine working with an algebra where elements do not have complements. With this realization, it became very clear that the sum and product rules of probability theory at the most basic level had absolutely nothing to do with the Boolean algebra of logical statements. Instead, a measure of degree of inclusion can be invented for many different partially ordered sets, and the sum and product rules fall out of the associativity and distributivity of the algebra. To reinforce this very important idea, this paper will go over how these constructions are made, while focusing on the underlying assumptions. I will derive the sum and product rules for a distributive lattice in general and demonstrate how this leads to probability theory on the Boolean lattice and is related to the calculus of quantum mechanical amplitudes on the partially ordered set of experimental setups. I will also discuss the rules that can be derived from modular lattices and their relevance to the cross-ratio of projective geometry.

  19. A study on real estate derivatives

    E-print Network

    Lim, Jong Yoon, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    All major asset classes including stocks and bonds have a well developed derivative market. Derivatives enable counterparties to reflect a view on a particular market, without having to trade the underlying asset. This ...

  20. 5 CFR 2500.5 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Personnel 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Derivative classification. 2500.5 Section 2500.5 Administrative...PRESIDENT INFORMATION SECURITY REGULATION § 2500.5 Derivative classification. The Office of Administration serves...

  1. Derivative Sign Patterns in Two Dimensions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schilling, Kenneth

    2013-01-01

    Given a function defined on a subset of the plane whose partial derivatives never change sign, the signs of the partial derivatives form a two-dimensional pattern. We explore what patterns are possible for various planar domains.

  2. 17 CFR 200.506 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Derivative classification. 200.506 Section 200.506 Commodity...National Security Information and Material § 200.506 Derivative classification. Any document that includes...

  3. 5 CFR 2500.5 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Derivative classification. 2500.5 Section 2500.5 Administrative...PRESIDENT INFORMATION SECURITY REGULATION § 2500.5 Derivative classification. The Office of Administration serves...

  4. 17 CFR 200.506 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Derivative classification. 200.506 Section 200.506 Commodity...National Security Information and Material § 200.506 Derivative classification. Any document that includes...

  5. Macrobiotic Vertical Transport of Litter Derived Carbon

    E-print Network

    Post, Wilfred M.

    Macrobiotic Vertical Transport of Litter Derived Carbon (Earthworm Phase) Mac Callaham Corey Babb in each treatment Sampling #12;Macrobiotic Vertical Transport of Litter Derived Carbon (millipede phase) Plans for the Future: #12;

  6. Macrobiotic Vertical Transport of Litter Derived Carbon

    E-print Network

    Post, Wilfred M.

    Macrobiotic Vertical Transport of Litter Derived Carbon (UPDATE) Mac Callaham Corey Babb Paul vertical transport of litter derived carbon-millipede phase More germane to upland sites Sampled uplands for worms (and found one) Plans for the Future: #12;

  7. 40 CFR 721.10039 - Diethoxybenzenamine derivative, diazotized, coupled with aminonaphthalenesulfonic acid derivative...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...aminonaphthalenesulfonic acid derivative, ammonium salt (generic). 721.10039 Section 721...aminonaphthalenesulfonic acid derivative, ammonium salt (generic). (a) Chemical substance...aminonaphthalenesulfonic acid derivative, ammonium salt (PMN P-02-514) is subject to...

  8. 40 CFR 721.10039 - Diethoxybenzenamine derivative, diazotized, coupled with aminonaphthalenesulfonic acid derivative...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...aminonaphthalenesulfonic acid derivative, ammonium salt (generic). 721.10039 Section 721...aminonaphthalenesulfonic acid derivative, ammonium salt (generic). (a) Chemical substance...aminonaphthalenesulfonic acid derivative, ammonium salt (PMN P-02-514) is subject to...

  9. Derivative Estimation with Local Polynomial Fitting Derivative Estimation with Local Polynomial Fitting

    E-print Network

    summary of local polynomial regression is given. 1.1 Previous Methods And Objectives Ever sinceDerivative Estimation with Local Polynomial Fitting Derivative Estimation with Local Polynomial polynomial regression framework. Keywords: nonparametric derivative estimation, model selection, empirical

  10. 12 CFR 163.172 - Financial derivatives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... involving a financial derivative, you should do so to reduce your risk exposure. (c) What are my board of... on implementing a sound risk management program. (e) What records must I keep on financial derivative... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Financial derivatives. 163.172 Section...

  11. 12 CFR 163.172 - Financial derivatives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... involving a financial derivative, you should do so to reduce your risk exposure. (c) What are my board of... on implementing a sound risk management program. (e) What records must I keep on financial derivative... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Financial derivatives. 163.172 Section...

  12. 40 CFR 721.1820 - Bisphenol derivative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Bisphenol derivative. 721.1820 Section... Substances § 721.1820 Bisphenol derivative. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as bisphenol derivative (PMN No. P-92-509)...

  13. 40 CFR 721.1820 - Bisphenol derivative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Bisphenol derivative. 721.1820 Section... Substances § 721.1820 Bisphenol derivative. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as bisphenol derivative (PMN No. P-92-509)...

  14. 40 CFR 721.1820 - Bisphenol derivative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Bisphenol derivative. 721.1820 Section... Substances § 721.1820 Bisphenol derivative. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as bisphenol derivative (PMN No. P-92-509)...

  15. 40 CFR 721.1820 - Bisphenol derivative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 30 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bisphenol derivative. 721.1820 Section... Substances § 721.1820 Bisphenol derivative. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as bisphenol derivative (PMN No. P-92-509)...

  16. 40 CFR 721.1820 - Bisphenol derivative.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Bisphenol derivative. 721.1820 Section... Substances § 721.1820 Bisphenol derivative. (a) Chemical substance and significant new uses subject to reporting. (1) The chemical substance identified generically as bisphenol derivative (PMN No. P-92-509)...

  17. DERIVATION DOUBLE LIE ALGEBRAS DIETRICH BURDE

    E-print Network

    Burde, Dietrich

    determined all complex semisimple Lie algebras g with Lie bracket [ , ], and all C, z g such that [x, yDERIVATION DOUBLE LIE ALGEBRAS DIETRICH BURDE Abstract. We study classical R-matrices D for Lie algebras g such that D is also a derivation of g. This yields derivation double Lie algebras (g, D

  18. Improved Second Derivative Test for Relative Extrema

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Yan

    2007-01-01

    In this note, a modified Second Derivative Test is introduced for the relative extrema of a single variable function. This improved test overcomes the difficulty of the second derivative vanishing at the critical point, while in contrast the traditional test fails for this case. A proof for this improved Second Derivative Test is presented,…

  19. Bioactive Terpenes from Marine-Derived Fungi

    PubMed Central

    Elissawy, Ahmed M.; El-Shazly, Mohamed; Ebada, Sherif S.; Singab, AbdelNasser B.; Proksch, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Marine-derived fungi continue to be a prolific source of secondary metabolites showing diverse bioactivities. Terpenoids from marine-derived fungi exhibit wide structural diversity including numerous compounds with pronounced biological activities. In this review, we survey the last five years’ reports on terpenoidal metabolites from marine-derived fungi with particular attention on those showing marked biological activities. PMID:25854644

  20. a Variational Derivation of P

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rulko, Robert Pawel

    Multigroup P_{N} theory is a widely-used approximation to multigroup transport theory. However, there are aspects of multigroup P _{N} theory that are not satisfactory, particularly regarding boundary conditions at a boundary having a prescribed incident flux. Historically, P _{N} boundary conditions at such a boundary have been assumed to be in the form given by Marshak or Mark, although Federighi and Pomraning have considered other possibilities for the case of one energy group. In this work we introduce two new variational principles. The first principle, unambiguously leads from a steady-state, first order, slab geometry multigroup transport problem to a multigroup P_{N} problem. The variationally-derived P_{N } problem consists of the conventional multigroup P_{N} equations and variational boundary conditions. At a boundary with a prescribed incident flux, these conditions are new and consistitute a generalization of Pomraning's boundary conditions applied to each energy group. For a vacuum boundary, these conditions reduce the Federighi's boundary condition applied to each energy group. Therefore, we refer to these newly developed P _{N} boundary conditions as the Generalized Federighi-Pomraning (GFP) boundary conditions. The second variational principle introduced in this work leads from a steady-state, even-parity slab geometry, multigroup transport problem to a multigroup, second-order P _{N} problem. This problem consists of the multigroup second-order P_{N } equations and Marshak boundary conditions. We generalize the second-order variational procedure to the three-dimensional geometry and obtain the general geometry multigroup second-order P_{N} equations and the three-dimensional Marshak-like boundary conditions. We also show how the first-order variational principle can be used to derive rigorous boundary conditions for the even-order P_{N}~imations and that these P_{N} approximations can provide accurate numerical results. Finally, a numerical comparison of the Generalized Federighi-Pomraning, Mark, Marshak and (newly developed by Larsen and Pomraning) variational-asymptotic boundary conditions shows that outside the asymptotic limit in which the variational-asymptotic and GFP boundary conditions are always superior, different boundary conditions perform best in different physical situations.

  1. Structural design utilizing updated, approximate sensitivity derivatives

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Scotti, Stephen J.

    1993-01-01

    A method to improve the computational efficiency of structural optimization algorithms is investigated. In this method, the calculations of 'exact' sensitivity derivatives of constraint functions are performed only at selected iterations during the optimization process. The sensitivity derivatives utilized within other iterations are approximate derivatives which are calculated using an inexpensive derivative update formula. Optimization results are presented for an analytic optimization problem (i.e., one having simple polynomial expressions for the objective and constraint functions) and for two structural optimization problems. The structural optimization results indicate that up to a factor of three improvement in computation time is possible when using the updated sensitivity derivatives.

  2. STS Derived Exploration Launch Operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Best, Joel; Sorge, L.; Siders, J.; Sias, Dave

    2004-01-01

    A key aspect of the new space exploration programs will be the approach to optimize launch operations. A STS Derived Launch Vehicle (SDLV) Program can provide a cost effective, low risk, and logical step to launch all of the elements of the exploration program. Many benefits can be gained by utilizing the synergy of a common launch site as an exploration spaceport as well as evolving the resources of the current Space Shuttle Program (SSP) to meet the challenges of the Vision for Space Exploration. In particular, the launch operation resources of the SSP can be transitioned to the exploration program and combined with the operations efficiencies of unmanned EELVs to obtain the best of both worlds, resulting in lean launch operations for crew and cargo missions of the exploration program. The SDLV Program would then not only capture the extensive human space flight launch operations knowledge, but also provide for the safe fly-out of the SSP through continuity of system critical skills, manufacturing infrastructure, and ability to maintain and attract critical skill personnel. Thus, a SDLV Program can smoothly transition resources from the SSP and meet the transportation needs to continue the voyage of discovery of the space exploration program.

  3. Clinical status of benzoporphyrin derivative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Levy, Julia G.; Chan, Agnes H.; Strong, H. Andrew

    1996-01-01

    Benzoporphyrin derivative monoacid ring A (BPD) is currently in Phase II clinical trials for the treatment of cutaneous malignancies (basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous metastases) and psoriasis. Results to date suggest that this photosensitizer has potential in both of these areas. Recently, a clinical trial with BPD was initiated for the treatment of age related macular degeneration, a neovascular condition in the eye which leads to blindness. BPD is a lipophilic photosensitizer which is rapidly taken up by activated cells and the vascular endothelium of neovasculature. The PDT effects seen with BPD appear to be a combination of vascular occlusion and direct killing of target cells. Since many diseases involve either activated cells and/or neovasculature, PDT with photosensitizer with characteristics like those of BPD, has applications far wider than oncology. A new area of interest involving photosensitizers is that of immune modulation. A number of photosensitizers have been shown to effect immune modulation in animal models of immune dysfunction including autoimmunity (rheumatoid arthritis, lupus), cutaneous hypersensitivity and allografts. BPD and PHOTOFRINR have both been shown to be effective in ameliorating arthritic symptoms in a number of animal models. The mechanisms by which immune modulation is affected in these studies still remains to be resolved.

  4. ?-Nitro Derivatives of Iron Corrolates

    PubMed Central

    Nardis, Sara; Stefanelli, Manuela; Mohite, Pruthviraj; Pomarico, Giuseppe; Tortora, Luca; Manowong, Machima; Chen, Ping; Fronczek, Frank R.; McCandless, Gregory T.

    2012-01-01

    Two different methods for the regioselective nitration of different meso-triarylcorroles leading to the corresponding ?-substituted nitrocorrole iron complexes have been developed. A two-step procedure affords three Fe(III) nitrosyl products - the unsubstituted corrole, the 3-nitrocorrole and the 3,17-dinitrocorrole. In contrast, a one-pot synthetic approach drives the reaction almost exclusively to formation of the iron nitrosyl 3,17-dinitrocorrole. Electron-releasing substituents on the meso-aryl groups of the triarylcorroles induce higher yields and longer reaction times than what is observed for the synthesis of similar triarylcorroles with electron-withdrawing functionalities, and these results can be confidently attributed to the facile formation and stabilization of an intermediate iron corrole ?-cation radical. Electron-withdrawing substituents on the meso-aryl groups of triarylcorrole also seem to labilize the axial nitrosyl group which, in the case of the pentafluorophenylcorrole derivative, results in the direct formation of a disubstituted iron ?-oxo dimer complex. The influence of meso-aryl substituents on the progress and products of the nitration reaction was investigated. In addition, to elucidate the most important factors which influence the redox reactivity of these different iron nitrosyl complexes, selected compounds were examined by cyclic voltammetry and thin-layer UV-visible or FTIR spectroelectrochemistry in CH2Cl2. PMID:22394192

  5. Satellite-Derived Management Zones

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lepoutre, Damien; Layrol, Laurent

    2005-01-01

    The term "satellite-derived management zones" (SAMZ) denotes agricultural management zones that are subdivisions of large fields and that are derived from images of the fields acquired by instruments aboard Earth-orbiting satellites during approximately the past 15 years. "SAMZ" also denotes the methodology and the software that implements the methodology for creating such zones. The SAMZ approach is one of several products of continuing efforts to realize a concept of precision agriculture, which involves optimal variations in seeding, in application of chemicals, and in irrigation, plus decisions to farm or not to farm certain portions of fields, all in an effort to maximize profitability in view of spatial and temporal variations in the growth and health of crops, and in the chemical and physical conditions of soils. As used here, "management zone" signifies, more precisely, a subdivision of a field within which the crop-production behavior is regarded as homogeneous. From the perspective of precision agriculture, management zones are the smallest subdivisions between which the seeding, application of chemicals, and other management parameters are to be varied. In the SAMZ approach, the main sources of data are the archives of satellite imagery that have been collected over the years for diverse purposes. One of the main advantages afforded by the SAMZ approach is that the data in these archives can be reused for purposes of precision agriculture at low cost. De facto, these archives contain information on all sources of variability within a field, including weather, crop types, crop management, soil types, and water drainage patterns. The SAMZ methodology involves the establishment of a Web-based interface based on an algorithm that generates management zones automatically and quickly from archival satellite image data in response to requests from farmers. A farmer can make a request by either uploading data describing a field boundary to the Web site or else drawing the boundary on a reference image. Hence, a farmer can start to engage in precision farming shortly after gaining access to the Web site, without the need for incurring the high costs of conventional precision-agriculture data-collection practices that include collecting soil samples, mapping electrical conductivity of soil, and compiling multiyear crop-yield data. Given the boundary of a field, a SAMZ server computes the zones within the field in a three-stage process. In the first stage, a vector-valued image of the field is constructed by assembling, from the archives, the equivalent of a stack of the available images of the field (see figure). In the second stage, the vector-valued image is analyzed by use of a wavelet transform that detects spatial variations considered significant for precision farming while suppressing small-scale heterogeneities that are regarded as insignificant. In the third stage, a segmentation algorithm assembles the zones from smaller regions that have been identified in the wavelet analysis.

  6. Bone-Derived Growth Factors

    PubMed Central

    Capanna, R.; Campanacci, D.A.; De Biase, P.; Cuomo, P.; Lorenzoni, A.

    2010-01-01

    Bone regeneration is based on the synergy between osteconduction, osteoinduction and osteogenesis. In recent years, we have witnessed the birth and development of numerous osteoconductive substrates, created with the intention of replacing bone grafts, both autologous and homologous. Recently, attention has shifted to osteogenesis, in other words, to the study of mesenchymal cells and their differentiation into osteoblastic cell lines that can be cultured in vitro (as already seen with chondroblasts). Osteoinduction, too, has been shown to be equally important, ever since Urist’s 1967 study which drew attention to the demineralised bone matrix and its properties. The following twenty years led to the definition of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and finally to the marketing of the first ostegenic protein (OP-1) obtained by means of the gene recombination technique. The BMPs produced using this technique that, so far, have been shown to be most active are BMP-2 (Infuse) and BMP-7 (Osigraft). The BMPs are not the only molecules with osteoinductive capacity. Other molecules capable of influencing bone regeneration are: platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs), the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-?) family, insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) and the acidic and basic fibroblast growth factors (FGFs). All these growth factors act in synergy with the BMPs, modulating their action and exerting an inductive and proliferative action on the cell lines responsible for regenerating the bone matrix. The literature has been literally invaded by studies, both experimental and preclinical, on these proteins (Termaat, 2005), and they have provided ample demonstration that the BMPs are effective in improving healing of fractures, pseudoarthrosis and spinal fusions. Important advantages of BMPs are the complete absence of risk of transmissible disease, given that they are produced using recombination technology; their purity, and thus absence of an immune response (although such a response could be linked to the carrier used to administer them); their efficacy, which derives from the use of a pre-established dose and not from the individual variability that is a specific feature of demineralized bone matrix homologous bone grafts. In addition to their use in fractures, pseudoarthrosis and spinal fusions, very recent studies are opening up new possibilities which may represent the future field of application of these proteins: Cook et al. (Cook, 2001, Barrack, 2003) have presented the first results obtained using OP-1 in prosthetic revisions carried out in the presence of bone defects; other authors have published a case report on osteonecrosis of the femoral head treated with grafts in association with OP-1; an Italian group is currently experimenting the use of OP-1 in distraction osteogenesis with the aim of speeding up the results that can be obtained using this already well-established technique. However, the most interesting results on the use of recombinant morphogenetic proteins are those obtained by Warnke et al. (2004), maxillo-facial surgeons who, by mixing synthetic spongious bone grafts, bone marrow concentrate and morphogenetic proteins, prepared a new, replacement mandible for implantation in a patient who had lost his own due to cancer, thereby creating new vacularised bone, tailored to that specific patient. The experimental applications of these new drugs are countless and, with regard to their therapeutic potential, the general feeling is that what we are seeing is only the tip of the iceberg. However, it is necessary to ensure that experiments in this field are always geared towards sustainable clinical applications and, to this end, they should be concentrated in a smaller number of centres and conducted in accordance with approved and recognised guidelines.

  7. 21 CFR 184.1685 - Rennet (animal-derived) and chymosin preparation (fermentation-derived).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... (fermentation-derived). 184.1685 Section 184.1685 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... (animal-derived) and chymosin preparation (fermentation-derived). (a)(1) Rennet and bovine rennet are... clear solution containing the active enzyme chymosin (E.C. 3.4.23.4). It is derived, via...

  8. 21 CFR 184.1685 - Rennet (animal-derived) and chymosin preparation (fermentation-derived).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... (fermentation-derived). 184.1685 Section 184.1685 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... (animal-derived) and chymosin preparation (fermentation-derived). (a)(1) Rennet and bovine rennet are... clear solution containing the active enzyme chymosin (E.C. 3.4.23.4). It is derived, via...

  9. 21 CFR 184.1685 - Rennet (animal-derived) and chymosin preparation (fermentation-derived).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... (fermentation-derived). 184.1685 Section 184.1685 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... (animal-derived) and chymosin preparation (fermentation-derived). (a)(1) Rennet and bovine rennet are... clear solution containing the active enzyme chymosin (E.C. 3.4.23.4). It is derived, via...

  10. 21 CFR 184.1685 - Rennet (animal-derived) and chymosin preparation (fermentation-derived).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... (fermentation-derived). 184.1685 Section 184.1685 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... (animal-derived) and chymosin preparation (fermentation-derived). (a)(1) Rennet and bovine rennet are... clear solution containing the active enzyme chymosin (E.C. 3.4.23.4). It is derived, via...

  11. Drug laws and the 'derivative' problem.

    PubMed

    King, Leslie A; Ujváry, István; Brandt, Simon D

    2014-01-01

    The concept of a 'derivative' is used widely in chemistry, where its precise meaning depends on the circumstances. However, numerous examples of derivative also occur in domestic drugs legislation, some of which stem from the 1961 United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. There is a commonly held view that only 'first-order' derivatives should be considered: substances that can be created from a parent structure in a single chemical reaction. In other words, 'derivatives of derivatives' are excluded. However, some substances related to ecgonine (e.g. 2-carbomethoxytropinone) are clearly convertible to cocaine, even though this may require more than one reaction step. It follows that 2-carbomethoxytropinone is a controlled drug, a situation that most chemists would regard as perverse. A more extreme example of the complexity of 'derivative' is shown by the conversion of thebaine to buprenorphine. Even though this requires six or more stages, the US Drug Enforcement Administration successfully argued in a 1986 case that for the purposes of the Controlled Substances Act, the number of steps required was irrelevant; buprenorphine was a derivative of thebaine. Because the term derivative is rarely defined in statutes, the legal status of some substances, such as 2-bromo-LSD, is uncertain. Although a number of definitions of derivative can be found in the chemical literature, no single definition is adequate to describe all situations where it occurs in legislation. Unless qualified, it is suggested that the term derivative should be avoided in any future legislation. PMID:23949903

  12. Drug nanoparticle formulation using ascorbic Acid derivatives.

    PubMed

    Moribe, Kunikazu; Limwikrant, Waree; Higashi, Kenjirou; Yamamoto, Keiji

    2011-01-01

    Drug nanoparticle formulation using ascorbic acid derivatives and its therapeutic uses have recently been introduced. Hydrophilic ascorbic acid derivatives such as ascorbyl glycoside have been used not only as antioxidants but also as food and pharmaceutical excipients. In addition to drug solubilization, drug nanoparticle formation was observed using ascorbyl glycoside. Hydrophobic ascorbic acid derivatives such as ascorbyl mono- and di-n-alkyl fatty acid derivatives are used either as drugs or carrier components. Ascorbyl n-alkyl fatty acid derivatives have been formulated as antioxidants or anticancer drugs for nanoparticle formulations such as micelles, microemulsions, and liposomes. ASC-P vesicles called aspasomes are submicron-sized particles that can encapsulate hydrophilic drugs. Several transdermal and injectable formulations of ascorbyl n-alkyl fatty acid derivatives were used, including ascorbyl palmitate. PMID:21603195

  13. Drug Nanoparticle Formulation Using Ascorbic Acid Derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Moribe, Kunikazu; Limwikrant, Waree; Higashi, Kenjirou; Yamamoto, Keiji

    2011-01-01

    Drug nanoparticle formulation using ascorbic acid derivatives and its therapeutic uses have recently been introduced. Hydrophilic ascorbic acid derivatives such as ascorbyl glycoside have been used not only as antioxidants but also as food and pharmaceutical excipients. In addition to drug solubilization, drug nanoparticle formation was observed using ascorbyl glycoside. Hydrophobic ascorbic acid derivatives such as ascorbyl mono- and di-n-alkyl fatty acid derivatives are used either as drugs or carrier components. Ascorbyl n-alkyl fatty acid derivatives have been formulated as antioxidants or anticancer drugs for nanoparticle formulations such as micelles, microemulsions, and liposomes. ASC-P vesicles called aspasomes are submicron-sized particles that can encapsulate hydrophilic drugs. Several transdermal and injectable formulations of ascorbyl n-alkyl fatty acid derivatives were used, including ascorbyl palmitate. PMID:21603195

  14. Anisotropic higher derivative gravity and inflationary universe

    SciTech Connect

    Kao, W. F.

    2006-08-15

    Stability analysis of the Kantowski-Sachs type universe in pure higher derivative gravity theory is studied in detail. The nonredundant generalized Friedmann equation of the system is derived by introducing a reduced one-dimensional generalized Kantowski-Sachs type action. Existence and stability of inflationary solution in the presence of higher derivative terms are also studied in detail. Implications to the choice of physical theories are discussed in detail in this paper.

  15. A subspace iteration for eigenvector derivatives

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ting, T.

    1992-01-01

    An iterative procedure for calculating eigenvector derivatives has been developed based on the subspace iteration concept. The basic formulation is derived directly from the first variation of the resulting equations of subspace iteration for solving eigenvalue problems. Since the basic formulation conserves the convergence properties of the original subspace iteration for eigen-problems, an overrelaxation scheme similar to Bathe's approach is employed to accelerate the subspace iteration process for calculating eigenvector derivatives.

  16. Anisotropic higher derivative gravity and inflationary universe

    E-print Network

    W. F. Kao

    2006-05-21

    Stability analysis of the Kantowski-Sachs type universe in pure higher derivative gravity theory is studied in details. The non-redundant generalized Friedmann equation of the system is derived by introducing a reduced one dimensional generalized KS type action. This method greatly reduces the labor in deriving field equations of any complicate models. Existence and stability of inflationary solution in the presence of higher derivative terms are also studied in details. Implications to the choice of physical theories are discussed in details in this paper.

  17. Periodic derivations and prederivations of Lie algebras

    E-print Network

    Burde, D

    2011-01-01

    We consider finite-dimensional complex Lie algebras admitting a periodic derivation, i.e., a nonsingular derivation which has finite multiplicative order. We show that such Lie algebras are at most two-step nilpotent and give several characterizations, such as the existence of gradings by sixth roots of unity, or the existence of a nonsingular derivation whose inverse is again a derivation. We also obtain results on the existence of periodic prederivations. In this context we study a generalization of Engel-4-Lie algebras.

  18. Fractional telegraph equation, Mittag-Leffler function, Hilfer derivative, Hadamard fractional derivative, Riesz-Feller space-fractional derivative

    E-print Network

    Ram K. Saxena; R. Garra; E. Orsingher

    2015-06-19

    In this paper we consider space-time fractional telegraph equations, where the time derivatives are intended in the sense of Hilfer and Hadamard while the space fractional derivatives are meant in the sense of Riesz-Feller. We provide the Fourier transforms of the solutions of some Cauchy problems for these fractional equations. Probabilistic interpretations of some specific cases are also provided.

  19. Mantle derived economic sulfide mineralization?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Krivolutskaya, Nadezda; Gongalskiy, Bronislav; Svirskaya, Natalia

    2014-05-01

    Sulfide ores of the unique Pt-Cu-Ni Noril'sk deposits are characterized by heavy sulfur isotopic composition (d34S = 6-18 ‰ ; Grinenko, 1985). These data are traditionally explained by the crustal contamination of the mantle melts by Devonian sedimentary rocks with anhydrites at certain depths or in a chamber of crystallization (Naldrett, 1992; Li et al., 2009). However, data on the distribution of major and trace elements and isotopic composition (their eNd, 87Sr/86Sr, d34S) in the contact zones of the intrusions with the host rocks are at variance with any significant in-situ contamination. Moreover , the mechanism of the "digestion" of this high-temperature material (Tm = 1430ºC) by the lower temperature magma (1250ºC) has never been analyzed and questioned. Our pioneering data on the sulfur radiogenic isotopes in the anhydrite are in conflict with the hypothesis that this mineral could serve as a sulfur source for the Noril'sk ores. The fact that the average composition of the intrusions is independent on the stratigraphic setting of these intrusions, which can be hosted by limestone, sandstone, and/or basalt, provides further support for the idea that no assimilation took place at the depths of the chambers in which the melts crystallized.The reason for the heavy sulfur isotopic composition of ores in the Noril'sk district is still uncertain. Last data obtained on the sulfur isotopic composition of basalts and ores from some intrusions in the Taimyr Peninsula likely provide a clue to this problem. The highest d34S values in rocks of all of the trap formations were detected in the Gudchikhinsky picrites (d34S = +8,7; Ripley et al., 2003) formed from a primitive mantle magma. They are geochemically similar to the rocks from the Dyumtaleysky Massif (d34S = 12.2; Krivolutskaya and Gongalsky, 2013) which crystallized from a primitive mantle-derived magma (with no Ta-Nb and Pb anomalies and high Gd/Yb ratio) too. This intrusion comprises economic important sulfide ores with geochemical and mineralogical characteristics similar to unique Noril'sk deposits - Talnakh, Okty'abr sky and Norilsk 1. The features of the Dyumtaleysky massif can be explained by its origin from an unusual sulfide-bearing mantle source that had sulfides through earlier crustal-mantle interaction. These data support that the mantle source of magmas in the Noril'sk district was enriched in the heavy sulfur isotope. It is the age difference that could be responsible for the unusual composition of the Noril'sk ores, because the mantle source in the Early Mesozoic was remarkably different from that in the Proterozoic one, when practically all Cu-Ni deposits worldwide were produced.

  20. 75 FR 63113 - Financial Resources Requirements for Derivatives Clearing Organizations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-14

    ...Financial Resources Requirements for Derivatives Clearing Organizations AGENCY: Commodity...financial resources requirements for derivatives clearing organizations (DCOs) for...execution requirements on standardized derivative products; (3) creating...

  1. Derive Workshop Matrix Algebra and Linear Algebra.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Townsley Kulich, Lisa; Victor, Barbara

    This document presents the course content for a workshop that integrates the use of the computer algebra system Derive with topics in matrix and linear algebra. The first section is a guide to using Derive that provides information on how to write algebraic expressions, make graphs, save files, edit, define functions, differentiate expressions,…

  2. Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies

    E-print Network

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    Omega (Leverage Effect) #12;Strategies for Stock Options and Equity Index Options 47 Trading Strategiese u r e x Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies e u r e x #12;Please Note and corresponding preparatory material. #12;e u r e x Equity and Equity Index Derivatives Trading Strategies #12

  3. 45 CFR 601.5 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Derivative classification. 601.5 Section 601.5 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION CLASSIFICATION AND DECLASSIFICATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION § 601.5 Derivative classification. Distinct from “original” classification is...

  4. Few Fractional Order Derivatives and Their Computations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bhatta, D. D.

    2007-01-01

    This work presents an introductory development of fractional order derivatives and their computations. Historical development of fractional calculus is discussed. This paper presents how to obtain computational results of fractional order derivatives for some elementary functions. Computational results are illustrated in tabular and graphical…

  5. Understanding the Derivative through the Calculus Triangle

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weber, Eric; Tallman, Michael; Byerley, Cameron; Thompson, Patrick W.

    2012-01-01

    Typical treatments of the derivative do not clearly convey the idea that the derivative function represents the original function's rate of change. Revealing the relationship between a function and its rate-of-change function for static values of "x" does not facilitate productive ways of thinking about generating the rate-of-change function or…

  6. Smoothing splines: Regression, derivatives and deconvolution

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Rice, J.; Rosenblatt, M.

    1982-01-01

    The statistical properties of a cubic smoothing spline and its derivative are analyzed. It is shown that unless unnatural boundary conditions hold, the integrated squared bias is dominated by local effects near the boundary. Similar effects are shown to occur in the regularized solution of a translation-kernel intergral equation. These results are derived by developing a Fourier representation for a smoothing spline.

  7. 12 CFR 563.172 - Financial derivatives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Financial derivatives. 563.172 Section 563.172 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS-OPERATIONS Financial Management Policies § 563.172 Financial derivatives. (a) What is a financial...

  8. 12 CFR 563.172 - Financial derivatives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Financial derivatives. 563.172 Section 563.172 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS-OPERATIONS Financial Management Policies § 563.172 Financial derivatives. (a) What is a financial...

  9. 12 CFR 563.172 - Financial derivatives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2014-01-01 2012-01-01 true Financial derivatives. 563.172 Section 563.172 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS-OPERATIONS Financial Management Policies § 563.172 Financial derivatives. (a) What is a financial...

  10. 12 CFR 163.172 - Financial derivatives.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Financial derivatives. 163.172 Section 163.172 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SAVINGS ASSOCIATIONS-OPERATIONS Financial Management Policies § 163.172 Financial derivatives. (a) What is a financial...

  11. Aging and rejuvenation with fractional derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aquino, Gerardo; Bologna, Mauro; Grigolini, Paolo; West, Bruce J.

    2004-09-01

    We discuss a dynamic procedure that makes fractional derivatives emerge in the time asymptotic limit of non-Poisson processes. We find that two-state fluctuations, with an inverse power-law distribution of waiting times, finite first moment, and divergent second moment, namely, with the power index ? in the interval 2derivative term. We show that the order of the fractional derivative depends on the age of the process under study. If the system is infinitely old, the order of the fractional derivative, o , is given by o=3-? . A brand new system is characterized by the degree o=?-2 . If the system is prepared at time -ta<0 and the observation begins at time t=0 , we derive the following scenario. For times 0derivative with o=3-? . Upon time increase the system undergoes a rejuvenation process that in the time limit t?ta yields o=?-2 . The intermediate time regime is probably incompatible with a picture based on fractional derivatives, or, at least, with a mono-order fractional derivative.

  12. Tilt/Integral/Derivative Compensators For Controllers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lurie, Boris J.

    1995-01-01

    Tilt/integral/derivative (TID) compensators for tunable feedback control systems offer advantages over proportional/integral/derivative compensators. Designed and adjusted more easily, and made to reject disturbances more strongly and less sensitive to variations in parameters of controlled system.

  13. Biology-Derived Algorithms in Engineering Optimization

    E-print Network

    Yang, Xin-She

    2010-01-01

    Biology-derived algorithms are an important part of computational sciences, which are essential to many scientific disciplines and engineering applications. Many computational methods are derived from or based on the analogy to natural evolution and biological activities, and these biologically inspired computations include genetic algorithms, neural networks, cellular automata, and other algorithms.

  14. 17 CFR 200.507 - Declassification dates on derivative documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... false Declassification dates on derivative documents. 200.507 Section 200...200.507 Declassification dates on derivative documents. (a) A document...need for classification. (b) A derivative document that derives its...

  15. 17 CFR 200.507 - Declassification dates on derivative documents.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... false Declassification dates on derivative documents. 200.507 Section 200...200.507 Declassification dates on derivative documents. (a) A document...need for classification. (b) A derivative document that derives its...

  16. Risk management, derivatives and shariah compliance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bacha, Obiyathulla Ismath

    2013-04-01

    Despite the impressive growth of Islamic Banking and Finance (IBF), a number of weaknesses remain. The most important of this is perhaps the lack of shariah compliant risk management tools. While the risk sharing philosophy of Islamic Finance requires the acceptance of risk to justify returns, the shariah also requires adherents to avoid unnecessary risk-maysir. The requirement to avoid maysir is in essence a call for the prudent management of risk. Contemporary risk management revolves around financial engineering, the building blocks of which are financial derivatives. Despite the proven efficacy of derivatives in the management of risk in the conventional space, shariah scholars appear to be suspicious and uneasy with their use in IBF. Some have imposed outright prohibition of their use. This paper re-examines the issue of contemporary derivative instruments and shariah compliance. The shariah compatibility of derivatives is shown in a number of ways. First, by way of qualitative evaluation of whether derivatives can be made to comply with the key prohibitions of the sharia. Second, by way of comparing the payoff profiles of derivatives with risk sharing finance and Bai Salam contracts. Finally, the equivalence between shariah compliant derivatives like the IPRS and Islamic FX Currency Forwards with conventional ones is presented.

  17. Stability-Derivative Determination from Flight Data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holowicz, Chester H.; Holleman, Euclid C.

    1958-01-01

    A comprehensive discussion of the various factors affecting the determination of stability and control derivatives from flight data is presented based on the experience of the NASA High-Speed Flight Station. Factors relating to test techniques, determination of mass characteristics, instrumentation, and methods of analysis are discussed. For most longitudinal-stability-derivative analyses simple equations utilizing period and damping have been found to be as satisfactory as more comprehensive methods. The graphical time-vector method has been the basis of lateral-derivative analysis, although simple approximate methods can be useful If applied with caution. Control effectiveness has been generally obtained by relating the peak acceleration to the rapid control input, and consideration must be given to aerodynamic contributions if reasonable accuracy is to be realized.. Because of the many factors involved In the determination of stability derivatives, It is believed that the primary stability and control derivatives are probably accurate to within 10 to 25 percent, depending upon the specific derivative. Static-stability derivatives at low angle of attack show the greatest accuracy.

  18. Pharmacokinetics of 4-aminopyridine derivatives in dogs.

    PubMed

    Olby, N J; Smith, D T; Humphrey, J; Spinapolice, K; Parke, N; Mehta, P M; Dise, D; Papich, M

    2009-10-01

    Blockade of potassium channels with 4-aminopryidine (4-AP) restores conduction to demyelinated axons and improves function. Unfortunately, 4-AP causes adverse effects and its clinical effects are unpredictable and limited. Derivatives of 4-AP have been tested in models of spinal cord injury in guinea pigs; three derivatives (methyl-, ethyl- and t-butyl carbamate derivatives) showed promise. This study investigates the safety and pharmacokinetics of these derivatives in dogs. Each derivative was administered orally to dogs starting at doses below effective doses in guinea pigs, and increasing the dose on sequential days. Routine blood work was performed prior to and 24 h after drug administration, blood samples were collected at intervals over 24 h after drug administration, and dogs were monitored for side effects. Derivative plasma levels were determined using high-pressure liquid chromatography. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were taken to determine CSF levels. No adverse effects were seen even when using doses higher than those that improved conduction in spinal cord injured guinea pigs. Peak plasma levels occurred at 36.6 (ethyl), 87 (t-butyl) and 175 (methyl) min and plasma level was related to drug dose. Penetration of the central nervous system (CNS) was good, with CSF levels higher than plasma levels for the t-butyl derivative. PMID:19754916

  19. Theory of Financial Risk and Derivative Pricing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bouchaud, Jean-Philippe; Potters, Marc

    2004-02-01

    Summarizing market data developments, some inspired by statistical physics, this book explains how to better predict the actual behavior of financial markets with respect to asset allocation, derivative pricing and hedging, and risk control. Risk control and derivative pricing are major concerns to financial institutions. The need for adequate statistical tools to measure and anticipate amplitude of potential moves of financial markets is clearly expressed, in particular for derivative markets. Classical theories, however, are based on assumptions leading to systematic (sometimes dramatic) underestimation of risks. First edition Hb (2000): 0-521-78232-5

  20. Synthesis of Sterically Hindered Polychlorinated Biphenyl Derivatives

    PubMed Central

    Joshi, S. N.; Vyas, S. M.; Duffel, M. W.; Parkin, S.; Lehmler, H.-J.

    2011-01-01

    A series of sterically hindered (methoxylated) polychlorinated biphenyl derivatives was synthesized using the Suzuki and the Ullmann coupling reaction. The Suzuki coupling with Pd(dba)2/2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2?,6?-dimethoxybiphenyl (DPDB) gave better yields (65–98%) compared to the classic Ullmann coupling reaction (20–38%). Despite the reactive catalyst system, no significant coupling with aromatic chlorine substituents was observed. Crystal structure analysis of four PCB derivatives revealed solid state dihedral angles ranging from 69.7° to 81.0°, which indicates that these highly ortho substituted PCB derivatives have some conformational flexibility. PMID:21516177

  1. Reaction of arenesulfinimidic acid derivatives with thiophenols

    SciTech Connect

    Pel'kis, N.P.; Levchenko, E.S.

    1986-07-20

    The amides and esters of N-substituted arenesulfinimidic acids are reduced by the action of thiophenols primarily to N-substituted arenesulfenamides, while the thiophenols are oxidized to the corresponding derivatives of the arenesulfinic acids.

  2. Polyimides Derived from Novel Asymmetric Benzophenone Dianhydrides

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chuang, Chun-Hua (Inventor)

    2015-01-01

    This invention relates to the composition and processes for preparing thermoset polyimides derived from an asymmetric dianhydride, namely 2,3,3',4'-benzophenone dianhydride (a-BTDA) with at least one diamine, and a monofunctional terminal endcaps. The monofunctional terminating groups include 4-phenylethynylphthalic anhydride ester-acid derivatives, phenylethyl trimellitic anhydride (PETA) and its ester derivatives as well as 3-phenylethynylaniline. The process of polyimide composite comprises impregnating monomer reactants of dianhydride or its ester-acid derivatives, diamine and with monofunctional reactive endcaps into glass, carbon, quartz or synthetic fibers and fabrics, and then stack up into laminates and subsequently heated to between 150-375.degree. C. either at atmosphere or under pressure to promote the curing and crosslinking of the reactive endcaps to form a network of thermoset polyimides.

  3. Concise Derivation of the Rotational Partition Function.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hynne, F.; Andersen, Knud

    1979-01-01

    Derived is the classical partition function for the rotation of a rigid asymmetric molecule, by a transformation of variables in the phase integral circumventing the cumbersome manipulation of the canonical prescription. (Author/GA)

  4. 45 CFR 601.5 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION CLASSIFICATION...DECLASSIFICATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION § 601.5 Derivative...is the determination that information is in substance the same as information currently...

  5. 45 CFR 601.5 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION CLASSIFICATION...DECLASSIFICATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION § 601.5 Derivative...is the determination that information is in substance the same as information currently...

  6. 45 CFR 601.5 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION CLASSIFICATION...DECLASSIFICATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION § 601.5 Derivative...is the determination that information is in substance the same as information currently...

  7. Real estate derivatives : products and prospects

    E-print Network

    Eisenberg, Oriel

    2013-01-01

    The paper reviews the development, structure and trade of past real estate equity hedging instruments. The reviewed products represent a wide array of real estate derivatives, covering multiple property types, index ...

  8. 45 CFR 601.5 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... information that is already classified, and marking the newly developed material consistent with the marking..., or who only apply classification markings derived from source material or as directed by...

  9. 45 CFR 601.5 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... information that is already classified, and marking the newly developed material consistent with the marking..., or who only apply classification markings derived from source material or as directed by...

  10. 45 CFR 601.5 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... information that is already classified, and marking the newly developed material consistent with the marking..., or who only apply classification markings derived from source material or as directed by...

  11. 45 CFR 601.5 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION... information that is already classified, and marking the newly developed material consistent with the marking..., or who only apply classification markings derived from source material or as directed by...

  12. Direct synthesis of pyridine and pyrimidine derivatives

    E-print Network

    Hill, Matthew D. (Matthew Dennis)

    2008-01-01

    I. Synthesis of Substituted Pyridine Derivatives via the Ruthenium-Catalyzed Cycloisomerization of 3-Azadienynes. The two-step conversion of various N-vinyl and N-aryl amides to the corresponding substituted pyridines and ...

  13. Higher-derivative supergravity and moduli stabilization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ciupke, David; Louis, Jan; Westphal, Alexander

    2015-10-01

    We review the ghost-free four-derivative terms for chiral superfields in N=1 supersymmetry and supergravity. These terms induce cubic polynomial equations of motion for the chiral auxiliary fields and correct the scalar potential. We discuss the different solutions and argue that only one of them is consistent with the principles of effective field theory. Special attention is paid to the corrections along flat directions which can be stabilized or destabilized by the higher-derivative terms. We then compute these higher-derivative terms explicitly for the type IIB string compactified on a Calabi-Yau orientifold with fluxes via Kaluza-Klein reducing the ( ?')3 R 4 corrections in ten dimensions for the respective N=1 Kähler moduli sector. We prove that together with flux and the known ( ?')3-corrections the higher-derivative term stabilizes all Calabi-Yau manifolds with positive Euler number, provided the sign of the new correction is negative.

  14. Formal Derivation of a Class of Computers 

    E-print Network

    Wang, Li-Guo

    The aim of this thesis is to investigate how to use logic-based specification, construction, and proof methods to formally derive a class of computers. Differing from the traditional concepts of specification, verification ...

  15. Cellulose Derivatives for Water Repellent Properties

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Synthesis and structural characterizations of nitro-benzyl cellulose, amino-benzyl cellulose and pentafluoro –benzyl cellulose were carried out. Cellulose derivatives were synthesized by etherification process in lithium chloride/N,N-dimethylacetamide homogeneous solution. Nitrobenzylation was effec...

  16. Sums and Differences vs. Integrals and Derivatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strang, Gilbert

    1990-01-01

    Offers an approach to the understanding and to the teaching of the fundamental theorem of calculus. Stresses teaching the relation between a function and its derivative and the functions themselves. (YP)

  17. Analysis and the Derivation of Valid Objectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tiemann, Philip W.

    1973-01-01

    Author states that "to the extent that behavioral objectives are derived from an analysis of relatively broad objectives, they can serve as valid criteria which enable our students to avoid trivia." (Author)

  18. MANGROVE-DERIVED NUTRIENTS AND CORAL REEFS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Understanding the consequences of the declining global cover of mangroves due to anthropogenic disturbance necessitates consideration of how mangrove-derived nutrients contribute to threatened coral reef systems. We sampled potential sources of organic matter and a suite of sessi...

  19. SCM Forcing Data Derived from NWP Analyses

    DOE Data Explorer

    Jakob, Christian

    2008-01-15

    Forcing data, suitable for use with single column models (SCMs) and cloud resolving models (CRMs), have been derived from NWP analyses for the ARM (Atmospheric Radiation Measurement) Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) sites of Manus Island and Nauru.

  20. Derivative Evaluation Function Learning Using Genetic Operators

    E-print Network

    Markovitch, Shaul

    Derivative Evaluation Function Learning Using Genetic Operators David H. Lorenz Shaul Markovitch of game playing, emphasising on learn- ing a static evaluation function. Learning involves ex- perience generation, hypothesis generation and hypoth- esis evaluation. Most learning systems use preclassi ed

  1. Catalytic combustion of coal-derived liquids

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bulzan, D. L.; Tacina, R. R.

    1981-01-01

    A noble metal catalytic reactor was tested with three grades of SRC 2 coal derived liquids, naphtha, middle distillate, and a blend of three parts middle distillate to one part heavy distillate. A petroleum derived number 2 diesel fuel was also tested to provide a direct comparison. The catalytic reactor was tested at inlet temperatures from 600 to 800 K, reference velocities from 10 to 20 m/s, lean fuel air ratios, and a pressure of 3 x 10 to the 5th power Pa. Compared to the diesel, the naphtha gave slightly better combustion efficiency, the middle distillate was almost identical, and the middle heavy blend was slightly poorer. The coal derived liquid fuels contained from 0.58 to 0.95 percent nitrogen by weight. Conversion of fuel nitrogen to NOx was approximately 75 percent for all three grades of the coal derived liquids.

  2. Plant-derived nanostructures: types and applications

    EPA Science Inventory

    Plant-derived nanostructures and nanoparticles (NPs) have functional applications in numerous disciplines such as health care, food and feed, cosmetics, biomedical science, energy science, drug-gene delivery, environmental health, and so on. Consequently, it is imperative for res...

  3. 45 CFR 601.5 - Derivative classification.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION CLASSIFICATION...DECLASSIFICATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION § 601.5 Derivative...is the determination that information is in substance the same as information currently...

  4. Frequency analysis of photoplethysmogram and its derivatives.

    PubMed

    Elgendi, Mohamed; Fletcher, Richard R; Norton, Ian; Brearley, Matt; Abbott, Derek; Lovell, Nigel H; Schuurmans, Dale

    2015-12-01

    There are a limited number of studies on heat stress dynamics during exercise using the photoplethysmogram (PPG). We investigate the PPG signal and its derivatives for heat stress assessment using Welch (non-parametric) and autoregressive (parametric) spectral estimation methods. The preliminary results of this study indicate that applying the first and second derivatives to PPG waveforms is useful for determining heat stress level using 20-s recordings. Interestingly, Welch's and Yule-Walker's methods in agreement that the second derivative is an improved detector for heat stress. In fact, both spectral estimation methods showed a clear separation in the frequency domain between measurements before and after simulated heat-stress induction when the second derivative is applied. Moreover, the results demonstrate superior performance of the Welch's method over the Yule-Walker's method in separating before and after the three simulated heat-stress inductions. PMID:26498064

  5. Battery failure model derived from flaw theory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schulman, I.

    1981-01-01

    A previously derived failure model for battery lifetime is discussed in terms of growth rate of the flaw, distribution of flaw sizes, and number of flaws. Equations are presented for determining the failure model for a nickel cadmium battery.

  6. Confidence Measures Derived from an Acceptor HMM 

    E-print Network

    Williams, Gethin; Renals, Steve

    In this paper we define a number of confidence measures derived from an acceptor HMM and evaluate their performance for the task of utterance verification using the North American Business News (NAB) and Broadcast News ...

  7. Future for Aero turbine derived cogeneration plants

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-06-01

    Cogeneration installations in the Hague and Rotterdam in the Netherlands illustrate the growing emphasis on using highly efficient aero-derived gas turbines in energy conservation schemes such as district heating and power generation.

  8. Spectral assignments and structural studies of a warfarin derivative stereoselectively formed by tandem cyclization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Velayutham Pillai, M.; Rajeswari, K.; Vidhyasagar, T.

    2015-11-01

    The structural elucidation of a Mannich condensation product of rac-Warfarin with benzaldehyde and methyl amine was carried out using IR, Mass, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 1H-1H COSY, 1H-13C COSY, DEPT-135, HMBC, NOESY spectra and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Formation of a new pyran ring via a tandem cyclization in the presence of methyl amine was observed. The optimized geometry and HOMO-LUMO energy gap along with other important physical parameters were found by Gaussian 09 program using HF 6-31G (d, p) and B3YLP/DFT 6-31G (d, p) level of theory. The preferred conformation of the piperidine ring in solution state was found to be chair from the NMR spectra. Single crystal X-ray diffraction and optimized geometry (by theoretical study) also confirms the chair conformation in the solid state.

  9. Deriving Mathisson - Papapetrou equations from relativistic pseudomechanics

    E-print Network

    R. R. Lompay

    2005-03-12

    It is shown that the equations of motion of a test point particle with spin in a given gravitational field, so called Mathisson - Papapetrou equations, can be derived from Euler - Lagrange equations of the relativistic pseudomechanics -- relativistic mechanics, which side by side uses the conventional (commuting) and Grassmannian (anticommuting) variables. In this approach the known difficulties of the Mathisson - Papapetrou equations, namely, the problem of the choice of supplementary conditions and the problem of higher derivatives are not appear.

  10. Crystallisation and crystal forms of carbohydrate derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lennon, Lorna

    This thesis is focused on the synthesis and solid state analysis of carbohydrate derivatives, including many novel compounds. Although the synthetic chemistry surrounding carbohydrates is well established in the literature, the crystal chemistry of carbohydrates is less well studied. Therefore this research aims to improve understanding of the solid state properties of carbohydrate derivatives through gaining more information on their supramolecular bonding. Chapter One focuses on an introduction to the solid state of organic compounds, with a background to crystallisation, including issues that can arise during crystal growth. Chapter Two is based on glucopyranuronate derivatives which are understudied in terms of their solid state forms. This chapter reports on the formation of novel glucuronamides and utilising the functionality of the amide bond for crystallisation. TEMPO oxidation was completed to form glucopyranuronates by oxidation of the primary alcohol groups of glucosides to the carboxylic acid derivatives, to increase functionality for enhanced crystal growth. Chapter Three reports on the synthesis of glucopyranoside derivatives by O-glycosylation reactions and displays crystal structures, including a number of previously unsolved acetate protected and deprotected crystal structures. More complex glycoside derivatives were also researched in an aim to study the resultant supramolecular motifs. Chapter Four contains the synthesis of aryl cellobioside derivatives including the novel crystal structures that were solved for the acetate protected and deprotected compounds. Research was carried out to determine if 1-deoxycellodextrins could act as putative isostructures for cellulose. Our research displays the presence of isostructural references with 1-deoxycellotriose shown to be similar to cellulose III11, 1-deoxycellotetraose correlates with cellulose IV11 and 1-deoxycellopentose shows isostructurality similar to that of cellulose II. Chapter Five contains the full experimental details and spectral characterisation of all novel compounds synthesised in this project and relevant crystallographic information.

  11. Numerical derivative techniques for trajectory optimization

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hallman, Wayne P.

    1990-01-01

    The adoption of robust numerical optimization techniques in trajectory simulation programs has resulted in powerful design and analysis tools. These trajectory simulation/optimization programs are widely used, and a representative list includes the GTS system, the POST program, and newer collocation methods such as OTIS and FONPAC. All of these programs rely on optimization algorithms which require objective function and constraint gradient data during the iteration process. However, most trajectory optimization problems lack simple analytical expressions for these derivatives. In the general case a function evaluation involves integrating aerodynamic, propulsive, and gravity forces over multiple trajectory phases with complex control models. With the newer collocation methods, the integration is replaced by defect constraints and cubic approximations for the state. While analytic gradient expressions can sometimes be derived for trajectory optimization problems, the derivation is cumbersome, time consuming, and prone to mistakes. Fortunately, an alternate method exists for the gradient evaluation, namely finite difference approximations. In this paper some finite difference gradient techniques developed for use with the GTS system are presented. These techniques include methods for computing first and second partial derivatives of single and multiple sets of functions. A key feature of these methods is an error control mechanism which automatically adjusts the perturbation size to obtain accurate derivative values.

  12. Anticancer agents derived from natural cinnamic acids.

    PubMed

    Su, Ping; Shi, Yaling; Wang, Jinfeng; Shen, Xiuxiu; Zhang, Jie

    2015-01-01

    Cancer is the most dangerous disease that causes deaths all over the world. Natural products have afforded a rich source of drugs in a number of therapeutic fields including anticancer agents. Many significant drugs have been derived from natural sources by structural optimization of natural products. Cinnamic acid has gained great interest due to its antiproliferative, antioxidant, antiangiogenic and antitumorigenic potency. Currently it has been observed that cinnamic acid and its analogs such as caffeic acid, sinapic acid, ferulic acid, and isoferulic acid display various pharmacological activities, such as immunomodulation, anti-inflammation, anticancer and antioxidant. They have served to be the major sources of potential leading anticancer compounds. In this review, we focus on the anticancer potency of cinnamic acid derivatives and novel strategies to design these derivatives. We hope this review will be useful for researchers who are interested in developing anticancer agents. PMID:25634446

  13. Hydrodynamic Nambu Brackets derived by Geometric Constraints

    E-print Network

    Blender, Richard

    2015-01-01

    A geometric approach to derive the Nambu brackets for ideal two-dimensional (2D) hydrodynamics is suggested. The derivation is based on two-forms with vanishing integrals in a periodic domain, and with resulting dynamics constrained by an orthogonality condition. As a result, 2D hydrodynamics with vorticity as dynamic variable emerges as a generic model, with conservation laws which can be interpreted as enstrophy and energy functionals. Generalized forms like surface quasi-geostrophy and fractional Poisson equations for the stream-function are also included as results from the derivation. The formalism is extended to a hydrodynamic system coupled to a second degree of freedom, with the Rayleigh-B\\'{e}nard convection as an example. This system is reformulated in terms of constitutive conservation laws with two additive brackets which represent individual processes: a first representing inviscid 2D hydrodynamics, and a second representing the coupling between hydrodynamics and thermodynamics. The results can b...

  14. Second derivatives for approximate spin projection methods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thompson, Lee M.; Hratchian, Hrant P.

    2015-02-01

    The use of broken-symmetry electronic structure methods is required in order to obtain correct behavior of electronically strained open-shell systems, such as transition states, biradicals, and transition metals. This approach often has issues with spin contamination, which can lead to significant errors in predicted energies, geometries, and properties. Approximate projection schemes are able to correct for spin contamination and can often yield improved results. To fully make use of these methods and to carry out exploration of the potential energy surface, it is desirable to develop an efficient second energy derivative theory. In this paper, we formulate the analytical second derivatives for the Yamaguchi approximate projection scheme, building on recent work that has yielded an efficient implementation of the analytical first derivatives.

  15. A geometric derivation of Kane's equations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Storch, Joel; Gates, Stephen

    1989-01-01

    A geometrically-based derivation of Kane's dynamical equations is presented. Equations for both holonomic and nonholonomic systems are derived by considering the system's motion in a hypersurface determined from the equations relating Cartesian to generalized coordinates. Using vector space methods, the equations of motion are projected onto the tangent plane to the hypersurface. In the course of this construction, a requirement on the transformation between generalized and Cartesian coordinates is revealed that is often overlooked. This restriction is then shown to be a necessary and sufficient condition for the invertibility of the coefficient matrix of the generalized accelerations appearing in Kane's dynamical equations. Although less succinct than the traditional approach, the present derivation offers some insight into the physics embodied in Kane's equations and appears as a natural generalization of methods used in elementary problems.

  16. Summing the derivative expansion of the effective action

    E-print Network

    Eduard Masso; Francesc Rota

    2002-01-22

    The derivative expansion of the effective action is a perturbative development in derivatives of the fields. The expansion breaks down when some of the derivatives are too large. We show how to sum exactly the first and second derivatives and treat perturbatively derivatives higher than second.

  17. High ethanol producing derivatives of Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus

    DOEpatents

    Ljungdahl, Lars G. (Athens, GA); Carriera, Laura H. (Athens, GA)

    1983-01-01

    Derivatives of the newly discovered microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus which under anaerobic and thermophilic conditions continuously ferment substrates such as starch, cellobiose, glucose, xylose and other sugars to produce recoverable amounts of ethanol solving the problem of fermentations yielding low concentrations of ethanol using the parent strain of the microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus are disclosed. These new derivatives are ethanol tolerant up to 10% (v/v) ethanol during fermentation. The process includes the use of an aqueous fermentation medium, containing the substrate at a substrate concentration greater than 1% (w/v).

  18. High ethanol producing derivatives of Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus

    DOEpatents

    Ljungdahl, L.G.; Carriera, L.H.

    1983-05-24

    Derivatives of the newly discovered microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus which under anaerobic and thermophilic conditions continuously ferment substrates such as starch, cellobiose, glucose, xylose and other sugars to produce recoverable amounts of ethanol solving the problem of fermentations yielding low concentrations of ethanol using the parent strain of the microorganism Thermoanaerobacter ethanolicus are disclosed. These new derivatives are ethanol tolerant up to 10% (v/v) ethanol during fermentation. The process includes the use of an aqueous fermentation medium, containing the substrate at a substrate concentration greater than 1% (w/v).

  19. Structural studies of 4-aminoantipyrine derivatives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cunha, Silvio; Oliveira, Shana M.; Rodrigues, Manoel T.; Bastos, Rodrigo M.; Ferrari, Jailton; de Oliveira, Cecília M. A.; Kato, Lucília; Napolitano, Hamilton B.; Vencato, Ivo; Lariucci, Carlito

    2005-10-01

    Reaction of 4-aminoantipyrine with acetylacetone, ethyl acetoacetate, benzoyl isothiocyanate, phenyl isothiocyanate, maleic anhydride and methoxymethylene Meldrum's acid afforded a series of new antipyrine derivatives. The antibacterial activity of the synthesized compounds against Micrococcus luteus ATCC 9341, Staphilococcus aureus ATCC 29737, and Escherichia coli ATCC 8739 was evaluated and the minimal inhibitory concentration determined. Modest activity was found only to the maleamic acid obtained from the reaction of 4-aminoantipyrine and maleic anhydride. 1H NMR investigation of this maleamic acid showed that it is slowly converted to the corresponding toxic maleimide. The structures of three derivatives were determined by X-ray diffraction analysis.

  20. Special Relativity Derived from Spacetime Magma

    PubMed Central

    Greensite, Fred

    2014-01-01

    We present a derivation of relativistic spacetime largely untethered from specific physical considerations, in constrast to the many physically-based derivations that have appeared in the last few decades. The argument proceeds from the inherent magma (groupoid) existing on the union of spacetime frame components and Euclidean which is consistent with an “inversion symmetry” constraint from which the Minkowski norm results. In this context, the latter is also characterized as one member of a class of “inverse norms” which play major roles with respect to various unital -algebras more generally. PMID:24959889