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Sample records for bildbauten pildimajade sees

  1. Seeing Double

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pesic, Peter

    2003-10-01

    The separateness and connection of individuals is perhaps the central question of human life: What, exactly, is my individuality? To what degree is it unique? To what degree can it be shared, and how? To the many philosophical and literary speculations about these topics over time, modern science has added the curious twist of quantum theory, which requires that the elementary particles of which everything consists have no individuality at all. All aspects of chemistry depend on this lack of individuality, as do many branches of physics. From where, then, does our individuality come? In Seeing Double, Peter Pesic invites readers to explore this intriguing set of questions. He draws on literary and historical examples that open the mind (from Homer to Martin Guerre to Kafka), philosophical analyses that have helped to make our thinking and speech more precise, and scientific work that has enabled us to characterize the phenomena of nature. Though he does not try to be all-inclusive, Pesic presents a broad range of ideas, building toward a specific point of view: that the crux of modern quantum theory is its clash with our ordinary concept of individuality. This represents a departure from the usual understanding of quantum theory. Pesic argues that what is bizarre about quantum theory becomes more intelligible as we reconsider what we mean by individuality and identity in ordinary experience. In turn, quantum identity opens a new perspective on us. Peter Pesic is a Tutor and Musician-in-Residence at St. John's College, Santa Fe, New Mexico. He has a Ph.D. in physics from Stanford University.

  2. Seeing Red

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2008-01-01

    This New Horizons image of Jupiter's volcanic moon Io was taken at 13:05 Universal Time during the spacecraft's Jupiter flyby on February 28, 2007. It shows the reddish color of the deposits from the giant volcanic eruption at the volcano Tvashtar, near the top of the sunlit crescent, as well as the bluish plume itself and the orange glow of the hot lava at its source. The relatively unprocessed image on the left provides the best view of the volcanic glow and the plume deposits, while the version on the right has been brightened to show the much fainter plume, and the Jupiter-lit night side of Io.

    New Horizons' color imaging of Io's sunlit side was generally overexposed because the spacecraft's color camera, the super-sensitive Multispectral Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC), was designed for the much dimmer illumination at Pluto. However, two of MVIC's four color filters, the blue and 'methane' filter (a special filter designed to map methane frost on the surface of Pluto at an infrared wavelength of 0.89 microns), are less sensitive than the others, and thus obtained some well-exposed views of the surface when illumination conditions were favorable. Because only two color filters are used, rather than the usual three, and because one filter uses infrared light, the color is only a rough approximation to what the human eye would see.

    The red color of the Tvashtar plume fallout is typical of Io's largest volcanic plumes, including the previous eruption of Tvashtar seen by the Galileo and Cassini spacecraft in 2000, and the long-lived Pele plume on the opposite side of Io. The color likely results from the creation of reddish three-atom and four-atom sulfur molecules (S3 and S4) from plume gases rich in two-atom sulfur molecules (S2 After a few months or years, the S3 and S4 molecules recombine into the more stable and familiar yellowish form of sulfur consisting of eight-atom molecules (S8), so these red deposits are only seen around recently-active Io

  3. See-Saw Jeans

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sutton, Charlotte D.

    2005-01-01

    This article describes the following case: Pete Wilmington, Vice President of Sales for See-Saw Jeans for Kids, has wrapped up a deal with Wal-Mart to carry See-Saw Jeans for Kids in all Wal-Mart stores on a trial basis for the next year. See-Saw Jeans for Kids is a clothing manufacturer with sales of $41 million, but the Wal-Mart account has the…

  4. SEEING IS BELIEVING, AND BELIEVING IS SEEING

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dutrow, B. L.

    2009-12-01

    Geoscience disciplines are filled with visual displays of data. From the first cave drawings to remote imaging of our Planet, visual displays of information have been used to understand and interpret our discipline. As practitioners of the art, visuals comprise the core around which we write scholarly articles, teach our students and make every day decisions. The effectiveness of visual communication, however, varies greatly. For many visual displays, a significant amount of prior knowledge is needed to understand and interpret various representations. If this is missing, key components of communication fail. One common example is the use of animations to explain high density and typically complex data. Do animations effectively convey information, simply "wow an audience" or do they confuse the subject by using unfamiliar forms and representations? Prior knowledge impacts the information derived from visuals and when communicating with non-experts this factor is exacerbated. For example, in an advanced geology course fractures in a rock are viewed by petroleum engineers as conduits for fluid migration while geoscience students 'see' the minerals lining the fracture. In contrast, a lay audience might view these images as abstract art. Without specific and direct accompanying verbal or written communication such an image is viewed radically differently by disparate audiences. Experts and non-experts do not 'see' equivalent images. Each visual must be carefully constructed with it's communication task in mind. To enhance learning and communication at all levels by visual displays of data requires that we teach visual literacy as a portion of our curricula. As we move from one form of visual representation to another, our mental images are expanded as is our ability to see and interpret new visual forms thus promoting life-long learning. Visual literacy is key to communication in our visually rich discipline. What do you see?

  5. The Holy See.

    PubMed

    1989-04-01

    Rome surrounds the State of the Vatican City which provides the territorial base of the Holy See, i.e. the central government of the Roman Catholic Church. The population consists of 1000 people mostly of Italian or Swiss nationality, while the work force includes 4000 individuals. Even though Italian is commonly used, official acts of the Holy See are written in Latin. When Italy unified in 1861, the Kingdom of Italy ruled over most of the Papal States, except Rome and its environs, until 1870 at which time Rome was forced to join the Kingdom. On February 11, 1929, the Italian Government and the Holy See signed an agreement recognizing the independence and sovereignty of the Holy See and creating the State of the Vatican City, fixing relations between the church and the government, and providing the Holy See compensation for its financial losses. Pope John Paul II, the first nonItalian Pope in almost 5 centuries and a Pole, is the present leader of the Legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the Holy See and the State. The Roman Curia and its staff, the Papal Civil Service, assists the Pope in ruling the Holy See. The Curia, directed by the Secretariat of State, includes 9 Congregations, 3 Tribunals, 12 Pontifical Councils, and offices that handle church affairs at the highest level. Since the 4th century, the Holy See has had diplomatic relations with other sovereign states and continues so today. Presently, it has nearly 80 permanent diplomatic missions in other countries and carries on diplomatic relations with 119 nations. In addition, the HOly See participates in diplomatic activities with international organizations which include the UN in New York and Geneva, UNESCO, the European Economic Community, and other related organizations. The United States has had relations with the Papal States form 1797-1870. The US and the Holy See reestablished diplomatic relations on January 10, 1984. PMID:12178005

  6. Psychology: Seeing is believing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weber, Elke U.

    2013-04-01

    Or do we see something, because we believe it? Evidence suggests that personal experience is more likely to influence Americans with no strong beliefs about climate change than those with firm beliefs.

  7. Seeing Both Sides

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coleman, Toni

    2012-01-01

    For many development officers, giving to their alma maters, employers, or local nonprofit agencies makes them better at their jobs by deepening their understanding of donor motivations and reinforcing what to do--and what not to do. Some can testify to the importance of stewardship because they weren't treated well. Others find that seeing their…

  8. Believing is seeing.

    PubMed

    Flower, J

    2000-01-01

    Useful, well-demonstrated, well-vetted ideas in clinical practice, disease management, health care management, ideas that would save lives, save money, and make life better for the patient, are sometimes simply ignored, dismissed as radical, as completely unfounded, dangerous, and without merit. Why are new ideas so slow to spread in medicine and health care? Because believing is seeing. We do not look for something we don't believe in. In fact, we do not even see a thing if we don't believe in it. We have dedicated ourselves so powerfully to medicine, to health care as we know it, that we often do not even see any alternatives. A combination of factors makes it likely that, in the coming decade or two, we will change almost everything that is fundamental about health care and medicine. In a time of such rapid change, we desperately need to root out and question our deep assumptions and beliefs, to get off the tracks laid down by training and experience and ask questions we have never asked before. PMID:10788121

  9. Research District Seeing Growth

    SciTech Connect

    Madison, Alison L.

    2012-05-13

    Monthly economic diversity column for the Tri-City Herald (May 2012) - excerpt follows: It’s been a while since I’ve updated you on the Tri-Cities Research District, most certainly not for lack of new activity over the past several months. In fact, much has happened, and there’s more to come. I think many of us see new land development and construction as indicative of current or impending economic growth. So those of you who have ventured into North Richland either via Stevens Drive or George Washington Way lately have probably begun sensing and anticipating that such growth is afoot.

  10. Seeing Baby Dwarf Galaxies

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2009-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] [figure removed for brevity, see original site] [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Visible/DSS Click on image for larger version Ultraviolet/GALEX Click on image for larger version Poster Version Click on image for larger version

    The unique ultraviolet vision of NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer reveals, for the first time, dwarf galaxies forming out of nothing more than pristine gas likely leftover from the early universe. Dwarf galaxies are relatively small collections of stars that often orbit around larger galaxies like our Milky Way.

    The forming dwarf galaxies shine in the far ultraviolet spectrum, rendered as blue in the call-out on the right hand side of this image. Near ultraviolet light, also obtained by the Galaxy Evolution Explorer, is displayed in green, and visible light from the blue part of the spectrum here is represented by red. The clumps (in circles) are distinctively blue, indicating they are primarily detected in far ultraviolet light.

    The faint blue overlay traces the outline of the Leo Ring, a huge cloud of hydrogen and helium that orbits around two massive galaxies in the constellation Leo (left panel). The cloud is thought likely to be a primordial object, an ancient remnant of material that has remained relatively unchanged since the very earliest days of the universe. Identified about 25 years ago by radio waves, the ring cannot be seen in visible light.

    Only a portion of the Leo Ring has been imaged in the ultraviolet, but this section contains the telltale ultraviolet signature of recent massive star formation within this ring of pristine gas. Astronomers have previously only seen dwarf galaxies form out of gas that has already been cycled through a galaxy and enriched with metals elements heavier than helium produced as stars evolve.

    The visible data come from the Digitized Sky Survey of the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Md. The

  11. Seeing the invisible

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carlowicz, Michael

    Alas, scientists can finally see with their eyes what they have only seen in their heads. Researchers from Boston University's Center for Space Physics, The Aerospace Corporation, and the Los Alamos National Laboratory have produced the first movies of particle activity in the near-Earth space environment. Looking down on much of Earth's magnetosphere from the polar orbit of NASA's POLAR spacecraft, the researchers have compiled high-resolution, sequential images of space weather.Relying primarily on POLAR's imaging proton spectrometer (IPS), the research team amassed data on energetic neutral atoms (ENAs). These atoms are created when cold, neutral gases of the atmosphere interact with the energetic, charged particles trapped in Earth's radiation belts. From analyses of ENAs, the team was able to generate images of geomagnetic activity in the shell around Earth.

  12. Radio Seeing Monitor Interferometer

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hiriart, David; Valdez, Jorge; Zaca, Placido; Medina, José L.

    2002-10-01

    A two-element interferometer for monitoring atmospheric phase fluctuations (radio seeing) is presented; this uses the unmodulated beacon signal at 11.715 GHz from a geostationary satellite. The system measures phase differences on the signal received by two small antennas separated by 50 m. The system incorporates the best features from previous designs: a heterodyne phase-lock receiver and an IQ demodulator system. Phase fluctuations measured at this frequency may be extrapolated to millimetric and submillimetric wavelengths since the atmosphere is not dispersive at these frequencies. The instrument has been tested at the Observatory San Pedro Martir (Mexico) at 2800 m above sea level. The final destination of the instrument is Cerro la Negra (Mexico), where the Large Millimeter Telescope is under construction, at an altitude of 4600 m.

  13. Seeing through the haze

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bowman, D.; Lambert, A.; Fraser, D.; Swierkowski, L.

    2008-11-01

    Methods to correct for atmospheric degradation of imagery and improve the "seeing" of a telescope are well known in astronomy but, to date, have rarely been applied to more earthly matters such as surveillance. The intrinsically more complicated visual fields, the dominance of low-altitude distortion effects, the requirement to process large volumes of data in near real-time, the inability to pre-select ideal sites and the desirability of ruggedness and portability all combine to pose a significant challenge. Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) technology has advanced to the point where modern devices contain hundreds of thousands of logic gates, multiple "hard" processors and multi-gigabit serial communication links. Such devices present an ideal platform to tackle the demands of surveillance image processing. We report a rugged, lightweight system which allows multiple FPGA "modules" to be added together in order to quickly and easily reallocate computing resources. The devices communicate via 2.5Gbps serial links and process image data in a streaming fashion, reducing as much data as possible on-the-fly in order to present a minimised load to storage and/or communication devices. To maximise the benefit of such a system we have devised an open protocol for FPGA-based image processing called "OpenStream". This allows image processing cores to be quickly and easily added into or removed from the data stream and harnesses the benefits of code-reuse and standardisation. It further allows image processing tasks to be easily partitioned across multiple, heterogeneous FPGA domains and permits a designer the flexibility to allocate cores to the most appropriate FPGA. OpenStream is the infrastructure to facilitate rapid, graphical, development of FPGA based image processing algorithms especially when they must be partitioned across multiple FPGAs. Ultimately it will provide a means to automatically allocate and connect resources across FPGA domains in a manner analogous

  14. Seeing effects on occultation curves.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Young, A. T.

    1971-01-01

    Evaluation of seeing effects on the light curve of a stellar occultation by the moon. Some theoretical studies of Fried (1966) and Hulett (1967) on the linear size of the downward-looking seeing disk are cited, showing that the seeing blur amounts to a few centimeters for a star in the zenith and that the linear blur must grow approximately as (sec z) to the 3/2 power. For most observations the seeing blur will not exceed 8 to 10 cm. The limitation on angular resolution imposed by this seeing effect is calculated.

  15. Seeing through the Dark

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2008-03-01

    '. The Chameleon I complex nebula is one beautiful example. When making observations in the near-infrared, art becomes science. Near-infrared radiation can indeed propagate much farther into the cloud than visible light and the maps of scattered light can be used to measure the mass of the material inside the cloud. To put this method to the test and use it for the first time for a quantitative estimation of the distribution of mass within a cloud, the astronomers who made the original suggestion, together with Kalevi Mattila, made observations in the near-infrared of a filament in the Corona Australis cloud [2] . The observations were made in August 2006 with the SOFI instrument on ESO's New Technology Telescope at La Silla, in the Chilean Atacama Desert. The filament was observed for about 21 hours. Their observations confirm that the scattering method is providing results that are as reliable as the use of background stars while providing much more detail. "We can now obtain very high resolution images of dark clouds and so better study their internal structure and dynamics," says Juvela. "Not only is the level of details in the resulting map no longer dependent on the distribution of background stars, but we have also shown that where the density of the cloud becomes too high to be able to see any background stars, the new method can still be applied." "The presented method and the confirmation of its feasibility will enable a wide range of studies into the interstellar medium and star formation within the Milky Way and even other galaxies," says co-author Mattila. "This is an important result because, with current and planned near-infrared instruments, large cloud areas can be mapped with high resolution," adds Pelkonen. "For example, the VIRCAM instrument on ESO's soon-to-come VISTA telescope has a field of view hundreds of times larger than SOFI. Using our method, it will prove amazingly powerful for the study of stellar nurseries."

  16. Response to "How Do We See What We See?"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKinney, Kinsey

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the author's response to "How Do We See What We See? Pedagogical Lacunae and Their Pitfalls in the Classroom" by Jennifer A. Rich. McKinney describes how she tweaked a rhetorical analysis assignment to have it produce more summary, description and response. She stresses that teachers can create a more rhetorically viable…

  17. Ground Layer Laser Seeing Meter

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cavazzani, S.; Rodeghiero, G.; Capraro, I.; Ortolani, S.; Barbieri, C.; Zitelli, V.

    2014-03-01

    The seeing calculation and its evolution during the night is a key point for the operation of telescopes and adaptive optics systems. Currently, there are various instruments able to measure the seeing, for example, the DIMM (differential image motion monitor) and the MASS (multi aperture scintillation sensor). This paper describes a new tool for the local ground layer seeing measurement. In particular, we want to derive the Fried parameter r0 through a laser beam horizontal propagation. This is a new method for the experimental study of low-altitude atmospheric turbulence. Finally, we sketch an experimental setup for the Asiago Ekar Observatory and its possible applications.

  18. Seeing

    MedlinePlus Videos and Cool Tools

    ... eye enable it to translate light into recognizable images. Among these are the cornea, the lens, and ... lobe of the brain, which then interprets the image in the correct perspective. The shape of the ...

  19. Seeing

    MedlinePlus Videos and Cool Tools

    ... lens. The light is then refracted a second time while passing through the lens, finally focusing on the retina. The retina is the light sensitive part of the eye. Impulses travel down the optic nerve to the occipital lobe ...

  20. Simultaneous seeing measurements at Atacama

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uraguchi, Fumihiro; Motohara, Kentaro; Doi, Mamoru; Takato, Naruhisa; Miyashita, Akihiko; Tanabe, Toshihiko; Oyabu, Shinki; Soyano, Takao

    2004-10-01

    Institute of Astronomy, University of Tokyo is now planning to build a 6.5-m optical-infrared telescope in Atacama, Chile. This project is called "Univ. Tokyo Atacama Observatory (TAO)", and the site evaluation is now under way. As a part of this evaluation process, we started an investigation to compare the astronomical seeing at Atacama with that at Mauna Kea. Here, we report preliminary results of seeing measurements at several sites in Atacama, carried out on October 2003. In order to separate the temporal and site-to-site variation of the seeing, we used two sets of Differential Image Motion Monitors (DIMMs), each of which has two pairs of 7.4 cm sub-apertures with 20.5 cm separation. Three sites were investigated; the point near the TAO weather station (4,950m), the summit of Cello Chico (5,150m) and the point at 5,430m altitude on Cello Toco. Simultaneous measurements were carried out for three half nights out of four half nights measurements. Although the amount of our data is very limited, the results suggest following: 1) Seeing becomes better and more stable as time passing to midnight (eg. From 0."7 to 0."4 at V-band). 2) Higher altitude sites show better seeing than lower altitude sites.

  1. Estimating dome seeing for LSST

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sebag, Jacques; Vogiatzis, Konstantinos

    2014-08-01

    Begin Dome seeing is a critical effect influencing the optical performance of ground based telescopes. A previously reported combination of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and optical simulations to model dome seeing was implemented for the latest LSST enclosure geometry. To this end, high spatial resolution thermal unsteady CFD simulations were performed for three different telescope zenith angles and four azimuth angles. These simulations generate time records of refractive index values along the optical path, which are post-processed to estimate the image degradation due to dome seeing. This method allows us to derive the distribution of seeing contribution along the different optical path segments that composed the overall light path between the entrance of the dome up to the LSST science camera. These results are used to recognize potential problems and to guide the observatory design. In this paper, the modeling estimates are reviewed and assessed relative to the corresponding performance allocation, and combined with other simulator outputs to model the dome seeing impact during LSST operations.

  2. Seeing and Seeing: Visual Perception in Art and Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, Peter

    2004-01-01

    This article takes a brief walk through two complex cultures, looking at similarities and differences between them. Visual perception is vital to both art and science, for to see is to understand. The article compares how education in each subject fosters visualization and creative thinking.

  3. Scientific Visualization, Seeing the Unseeable

    ScienceCinema

    LBNL

    2009-09-01

    June 24, 2008 Berkeley Lab lecture: Scientific visualization transforms abstract data into readily comprehensible images, provide a vehicle for "seeing the unseeable," and play a central role in bo... June 24, 2008 Berkeley Lab lecture: Scientific visualization transforms abstract data into readily comprehensible images, provide a vehicle for "seeing the unseeable," and play a central role in both experimental and computational sciences. Wes Bethel, who heads the Scientific Visualization Group in the Computational Research Division, presents an overview of visualization and computer graphics, current research challenges, and future directions for the field.

  4. Scientific Visualization, Seeing the Unseeable

    SciTech Connect

    LBNL

    2008-07-08

    June 24, 2008 Berkeley Lab lecture: Scientific visualization transforms abstract data into readily comprehensible images, provide a vehicle for "seeing the unseeable," and play a central role in bo... June 24, 2008 Berkeley Lab lecture: Scientific visualization transforms abstract data into readily comprehensible images, provide a vehicle for "seeing the unseeable," and play a central role in both experimental and computational sciences. Wes Bethel, who heads the Scientific Visualization Group in the Computational Research Division, presents an overview of visualization and computer graphics, current research challenges, and future directions for the field.

  5. Seeing the Benefits of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feinstein, Leon; Budge, David

    2007-01-01

    Although some general practitioners now "prescribe" education to patients it would be wrong to see it as a panacea. Those who claim it can cure everything from memory loss to incontinence are being unduly optimistic. Education is an important mechanism for enhancing the health and well-being of individuals and reducing the health care and…

  6. Seeing Children's Eagerness for Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtis, Deb

    2009-01-01

    The photo "Rescuing Hug" (www.52best.com/hug.asp) made famous on the Internet a few years ago had a huge impact on the way the author sees children's relationships with each other. With this inspiring story, the author has come to the powerful realization that if she believes children have the capacity and desire for deep connections then she…

  7. How Do Children See Animals?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale; Reiss, Michael J.

    In order to name an animal they see, children must use their existing mental models to provide the animal with a name. In this study, pupils between the ages of 4 and 14 are presented with preserved specimens of 6 different animals and asked a series of questions about them. The results indicate that pupils of all ages mainly recognize and use…

  8. Seeing you seeing me: Stereotypes and the stigma magnification effect.

    PubMed

    Mikolon, Sven; Kreiner, Glen E; Wieseke, Jan

    2016-05-01

    [Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 101(5) of Journal of Applied Psychology (see record 2016-21000-001). In the article, Table 2 contained a production-related formatting error. Values from column 11 onward were shifted upwards in the table. All versions of this article have been corrected.] Despite an increased interest in the phenomenon of stigma in organizations, we know very little about the interactions between those who are stigmatized and those who stigmatize them. Integrating both the perceptions of the stigmatized worker and the stigmatizing customer into one model, the present study addresses this gap. It examines the role of stereotypes held by customers of stigmatized organizations and metastereotypes held by the stigmatized workers themselves (i.e., their shared beliefs of the stereotypes customers associate with them) in frontline exchanges. To do so, data regarding frontline workers (vendors) of homeless-advocate newspapers from 3 different sources (vendors, customers, trained observers) were gathered. Multilevel path-analytic hypotheses tests reveal (a) how frontline workers' prototypicality for a stigmatized organization renders salient a stigma within frontline interactions and (b) how stereotypes by customers and metastereotypes by frontline workers interact with each other in such contacts. The results support a hypothesized interaction between frontline workers' metastereotypes and customers' stereotypes-what we call the "stigma magnification effect". The study also derives important practical implications by linking stigma to frontline workers' discretionary financial gains. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:26653529

  9. Color Discriminability for Partially Seeing Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, William A.

    1971-01-01

    Investigated was whether partially seeing children see the Snellen E, printed in selected colored inks on various colored backgrounds, at different distances in terms of initial recognition and best focus. (Author)

  10. Seeing through Frost on Enceladus

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Helfenstein, P.

    2012-12-01

    (cf. Spencer et al. 2009, In "Saturn after Cassini-Huygens", Springer-Verlag. 683-724; Helfenstein et al. 2010; American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2010, abstract #P23C-04). More recent Cassini high-resolution imaging of the region over a wide range of illumination geometry reveals a systematic change in the appearance of the circular albedo features as the phase angle decreases from α=124° to α=31° -- the circular albedo features that are so clearly visible at large phase angles are completely masked at small phase angles. The decrease in the albedo contrast with decreasing phase angle is dramatic: The average albedo contrast between the circular P1 and P2 features diminishes from 27±3% at phase α=124° to only 1.3±0.2% at α=31°. A likely explanation for this photometric behavior is that it reveals a top layer of frost or snow that scatters light strongly at relatively small phase angles, but which becomes more transparent as phase angles increase allowing Cassini to see through to underlying features. It is also possible that the changing photometric contrasts arise from terrain-dependent differences in regolith properties like surface roughness or regolith grain-size.

  11. Single Event Effect (SEE) Test Planning 101

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    LaBel, Kenneth A.; Pellish, Jonathan; Berg, Melanie D.

    2011-01-01

    This is a course on SEE Test Plan development. It is an introductory discussion of the items that go into planning an SEE test that should complement the SEE test methodology used. Material will only cover heavy ion SEE testing and not proton, LASER, or other though many of the discussed items may be applicable. While standards and guidelines for how-to perform single event effects (SEE) testing have existed almost since the first cyclotron testing, guidance on the development of SEE test plans has not been as easy to find. In this section of the short course, we attempt to rectify this lack. We consider the approach outlined here as a "living" document: mission specific constraints and new technology related issues always need to be taken into account. We note that we will use the term "test planning" in the context of those items being included in a test plan.

  12. Seeing the Implications of Zero Again

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ponce, Gregorio A.

    2015-01-01

    Composing and decomposing numbers with base-ten blocks depends on children being able to see ten both as ten units and as one group of ten units (a long), cognizant that its value is the same in either case. Being able to see, or deciding when to see, an object or collection of objects as a unit is a key skill that children must develop to solve…

  13. Back pain - when you see the doctor

    MedlinePlus

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007494.htm Back pain - when you see the doctor To use the ... nih.gov/pubmed/21282698 . Dixit R. Low back pain. Low back pain. In: Firestein GS, Budd RC, Gabriel SE, ...

  14. NASA Sees Holiday Lights from Space

    NASA Video Gallery

    It’s official — our holiday lights are so bright we can see them from space. Thanks to the VIIRS instrument on the Suomi NPP satellite, a joint mission between NASA and NOAA, scientists are present...

  15. Artificial intelligence: Learning to see and act

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schölkopf, Bernhard

    2015-02-01

    An artificial-intelligence system uses machine learning from massive training sets to teach itself to play 49 classic computer games, demonstrating that it can adapt to a variety of tasks. See Letter p.529

  16. [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] Spoken Word Processing: Evidence from Divided Attention Paradigm.

    PubMed

    Shafiee Nahrkhalaji, Saeedeh; Lotfi, Ahmad Reza; Koosha, Mansour

    2016-10-01

    The present study aims to reveal some facts concerning first language ([Formula: see text] and second language ([Formula: see text] spoken-word processing in unbalanced proficient bilinguals using behavioral measures. The intention here is to examine the effects of auditory repetition word priming and semantic priming in first and second languages of these bilinguals. The other goal is to explore the effects of attention manipulation on implicit retrieval of perceptual and conceptual properties of spoken [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] words. In so doing, the participants performed auditory word priming and semantic priming as memory tests in their [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]. In a half of the trials of each experiment, they carried out the memory test while simultaneously performing a secondary task in visual modality. The results revealed that effects of auditory word priming and semantic priming were present when participants processed [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] words in full attention condition. Attention manipulation could reduce priming magnitude in both experiments in [Formula: see text]. Moreover, [Formula: see text] word retrieval increases the reaction times and reduces accuracy on the simultaneous secondary task to protect its own accuracy and speed. PMID:26643309

  17. As Far as Opportunity's Eye Can See

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Click on the image for As Far as Opportunity's Eye Can See (QTVR)

    This expansive view of the martian real estate surrounding the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity is the first 360 degree, high-resolution color image taken by the rover's panoramic camera. The airbag marks, or footprints, seen in the soil trace the route by which Opportunity rolled to its final resting spot inside a small crater at Meridiani Planum, Mars. The exposed rock outcropping is a future target for further examination. This image mosaic consists of 225 individual frames.

  18. Scaling and Single Event Effects (SEE) Sensitivity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Oldham, Timothy R.

    2003-01-01

    This paper begins by discussing the potential for scaling down transistors and other components to fit more of them on chips in order to increasing computer processing speed. It also addresses technical challenges to further scaling. Components have been scaled down enough to allow single particles to have an effect, known as a Single Event Effect (SEE). This paper explores the relationship between scaling and the following SEEs: Single Event Upsets (SEU) on DRAMs and SRAMs, Latch-up, Snap-back, Single Event Burnout (SEB), Single Event Gate Rupture (SEGR), and Ion-induced soft breakdown (SBD).

  19. Seeing the Unseen: Molecular Visualization in Biology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Finnan, Jeff; Taylor-Papp, Kim; Duran, Mesut

    2005-01-01

    In high school biology, students are challenged by many molecular concepts and structures. They meander through a number of molecular structures, some in macromolecular form: carbohydrates, amino acids, fatty acids, nucleotides. Student difficulties arise in part from inability to visualize what they can't easily see. Students struggle moving from…

  20. How Lecturers See Their Teaching Objectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Winter Hebron, C. C.

    The results of a project to determine how English polytechnic lecturers see their teaching objectives are presented. Development of a behaviorally referenced student feedback questionnaire and the theory behind behavioral referencing are described. The definitions of teaching and learning are explored and the relationship between teaching and…

  1. PARTIALLY SEEING PROGRAM, 1966-1967.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lake County Special Education District, Gurnee, IL.

    THIS ADMINISTRATIVE OUTLINE OF THE PARTIALLY SEEING PROGRAM IN LAKE COUNTY, ILLINOIS, PRESENTS THE DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE TWO ITINERANT TEACHERS AND THEIR IMMEDIATE SUPERVISORS. THE PROGRAM'S PHILOSOPHY, GOALS, HISTORY AND PLACEMENT IN THE COUNTY'S ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE IS PRESENTED. THE ITINERANT TEACHER'S ADMINISTRATIVE…

  2. Space Environments and Effects Program (SEE)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Yhisreal-Rivas, David M.

    2013-01-01

    The need to preserve works and NASA documented articles is done via the collection of various Space Environments and Effects (SEE) related articles. (SEE) contains and lists the various projects that are ongoing, or have been conducted with the help of NASA. The goal of the (SEE) program is to make publicly available the environment technologies that are required to design, manufacture and operate reliable, cost-effective spacecraft for the government and commercial sectors. Of the many projects contained within the (SEE) program the Lunar-E Library and Spacecraft Materials Selector (SMS) have been selected for a more user friendly means to make the tools easily available to the public. This information which is still available required a person or entity to request access from a point of contact at NASA and wait for the requested bundled software DVD via postal service. Redesigning the material presentation and availability has been mapped to a single step process with faster turnaround time via Materials and Processes Technical Information System (MAPTIS) database. This process requires users to register and be verified in order to gain access to the information contained within. Aiding in the progression of making the software tools/documents available required a combination of specialized in-house data gathering software tools and software archeology.

  3. Multiple-Aperture Based Solar Seeing Profiler

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Gang; Ren, Deqing

    2015-08-01

    Characterization of daytime atmospheric turbulence profile up to 30 km above the telescope is crucial for designs and performance estimations of solar Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics (MCAO) systems. To measure seeing profiles up to 30km, we introduce the Multiple Aperture Seeing Profiler (MASP). It bases on the principle of S-DIMM+ and consists of two portable small telescopes similar to SHABAR. Thus the MASP take the advantages of both S-DIMM+ and SHABAR. It is portable and can be used without big telescope, while it has ability to measure turbulence profile up to 30km. Numerical simulations are carried out to evaluate the performance of MASP. We find that for one layer case, MASP can retrieve the seeing with error ~5% using 800 frames of WFS data, which is quite similar with the results of a telescope with diameter of 1120mm. We also simulate profiles with four turbulence layers, and find that our MASP can well retrieve the strengths and heights of the four turbulence layers. Since previous measurements at BBSO showed that daytime turbulence profile typically consists of four layers, MASP we introduced is sufficient for actual seeing measurement.

  4. Who Gets to See Published Research?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    The battle over public access to federally financed research is heating up again. The basic question is this: When taxpayers help pay for scholarly research, should those taxpayers get to see the results in the form of free access to the resulting journal articles? Actions in Washington this month highlight how far from settled the question is,…

  5. Scholars See Comics as No Laughing Matter

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Viadero, Debra

    2009-01-01

    Once fuel for mass book burnings, comic books are gaining a foothold in the nation's schools, with teachers seeing them as a learning tool and scholars viewing them as a promising subject for educational research. Evidence of the rising credibility of Spiderman, Batman, and Archie came last month when Fordham University's graduate school of…

  6. Seeing the Body Distorts Tactile Size Perception

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Longo, Matthew R.; Sadibolova, Renata

    2013-01-01

    Vision of the body modulates somatosensation, even when entirely non-informative about stimulation. For example, seeing the body increases tactile spatial acuity, but reduces acute pain. While previous results demonstrate that vision of the body modulates somatosensory sensitivity, it is unknown whether vision also affects metric properties of…

  7. Do You See What I See? Infants' Reasoning about Others' Incomplete Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luo, Yuyan; Beck, Whitney

    2010-01-01

    Twelve-month-olds realize that when an agent cannot see an object, her incomplete perceptions still guide her goal-directed actions. What would happen if the agent had incomplete perceptions because she could see only one part of the object, for example one side of a screen? In the present research, 16-month-olds were first shown an agent who…

  8. Chimpanzees strategically manipulate what others can see.

    PubMed

    Karg, Katja; Schmelz, Martin; Call, Josep; Tomasello, Michael

    2015-09-01

    Humans often strategically manipulate the informational access of others to their own advantage. Although chimpanzees know what others can and cannot see, it is unclear whether they can strategically manipulate others' visual access. In this study, chimpanzees were given the opportunity to save food for themselves by concealing it from a human competitor and also to get more food for themselves by revealing it to a human cooperator. When knowing that a competitor was approaching, chimpanzees kept more food hidden (left it covered) than when expecting a cooperator to approach. When the experimenter was already at the location of the hidden food, they actively revealed less food to the competitor than to the cooperator. They did not actively hide food (cover up food in the open) from the competitor, however. Chimpanzees thus strategically manipulated what another could see in order to maximize their payoffs and showed their ability to plan for future situations. PMID:25964096

  9. Seeing the Real Atomic Correlation in Matter

    SciTech Connect

    Egami, Takeshi

    2006-02-01

    Bragg's law is an ultimate magic, because it reduces the positions of 10(23) atoms to just a few numbers. This, of course, is a lucky consequence of translational symmetry. Unfortunately, we are not always lucky with many materials that are important today, including ourselves (biological matter), since they (and we) are not crystalline, or only poorly crystalline. But it is possible to see, more or less directly, the real atomic correlations in these disordered matters by using the method of atomic pair-density function (PDF) analysis using neutron or x-ray scattering. Due to advances in instrumentation we now can determine the PDF up to 20 nm, and see even the dynamics of correlation by the dynamic PDF method. This talk will address some examples of this approach facilitates understanding of complex matter, and where the field may be heading.

  10. Sample Exchange Evaluation (SEE) Report - Phase II

    SciTech Connect

    Winters, W.I.

    1994-09-28

    This report describes the results from Phase II of the Sample Exchange Evaluation (SEE) Program, a joint effort to compare analytical laboratory performance on samples from the Hanford Site`s high-level waste tanks. In Phase II, the program has been expanded to include inorganic constituents in addition to radionuclides. Results from Phase II that exceeded 20% relative percent difference criteria are identified.

  11. Why can we see visible light?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bochnícek, Zdenek

    2007-01-01

    Visible light constitutes only a very narrow part of the wide electromagnetic spectrum. This article outlines several reasons why the human eye can see only within this limited range. Solar emissions and low absorption in the atmosphere are determining causes, but not the only ones. The energy of chemical bonds, the optical properties of matter, black body emissions and the wave character of light cause further limitations, all of which have a remarkable congruence.

  12. Space Environment and Effects System (SEES)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Higashio, Nana; Obara, Takahiro; Matsumoto, Haruhisa; Koga, Kiyokazu; Koshiishi, Hideki

    Space environment group in JAXA has installed insturments to measure space environment on eleven satellites. In the last year, the biggest instrument called SEDA-AP (Space Environment Data Acquision equipment -Attached Paylod) was atteched to the palette of JEM (ISS). On the other hand, we have a web site, "Space Environment and Effects System(SEES)". This system consisits of four parts. First part is to provide data that were obtained from these insturments. There are 18 kinds of mesurments, for example, radiation, magnetic field and so on. In 1994, Anik E-1 and Anik E-2 were broken by solar storm and we could catch the abnormal data from our instrument. Second part is a warning system. Many Japanese satellites are working around the earth and they are always exposed to radioactivity in space. So we predict the the radiation data in two days and if the expected value is over the threshold of safety, we inform a warning massage to users who want to keep their satellites safe. And we also provide the warning massage for Japanese astronauts who stay at ISS. Third part is the tool of the space environment /satellite environment models. There are 12 kinds of environment models which are constructed from 90 space environment models, for example, radiation model, solar activity model and so on. If you register your infomation in the SEES web site, you can simulate space environment by using them. Fourth part is providing the 2D and 3D infomations of satellite's orvits. This show the satelllite's position on the world map at a paticular time. If you want to use this system, please visit our SEES page at (http://seesproxy.tksc.jaxa.jp/fw/dfw/SEES/index.html ).

  13. Multiple-Aperture-Based Solar Seeing Profiler

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ren, Deqing; Zhao, Gang; Zhang, Xi; Dou, Jiangpei; Chen, Rui; Zhu, Yongtian; Yang, Feng

    2015-09-01

    Characterization of day-time atmospheric turbulence profiles up to 30 km above the telescope is crucial for designs and performance estimations of future solar multiconjugate adaptive optics (MCAO) systems. Recently, the S-DIMM+ method has been successfully used to measure the vertical profile of turbulence. However, to measure profile up to 30 km employing the S-DIMM+ method, a telescope with a diameter of at least 1.0 m is needed, which restricts the usage of S-DIMM+, since large telescopes are scarce and their time is limited. To solve this problem, we introduce the multiple-aperture seeing profiler (MASP), which consists of two portable small telescopes instead of a single large aperture. Numerical simulations are carried out to evaluate the performance of MASP. We find that for one layer case, MASP can retrieve the seeing with error ~5% using 800 frames of wavefront sensor (WFS) data, which is quite similar to the results of a telescope with diameter of 1120 mm. We also simulate profiles with four turbulence layers, and find that our MASP can effectively retrieve the strengths and heights of the four turbulence layers. Since previous measurements at Big Bear Solar Observatory showed that day-time turbulence profile typically consists of four layers, the MASP we introduced is sufficient for actual seeing measurement.

  14. Evaluating Constraints on Heavy-Ion SEE Susceptibility Imposed by Proton SEE Testing and Other Mixed Environments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ladbury, R. L.; Lauenstein, J.-M.

    2016-01-01

    We develop metrics for assessing the effectiveness of proton SEE data for bounding heavy-ion SEE susceptibility. The metrics range from simple geometric criteria requiring no knowledge of the test articles to bounds of SEE rates.

  15. ``To See Cosmology in a Quetzal..."

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Neuenschwander, D. E.; Finkenbinder, L.

    2002-05-01

    High in the Talamanca Mountains of Costa Rica, our university maintains a field station called the Quetzal Education Research Center (QERC), in cloud forest habit of the magnificent Resplendent Quetzal. At these latitudes, where every surface is alive, the astronomical realities that constrain life's options acquire an in-your-face immediacy. Three years ago we began team-teaching a general astrobiology course featuring a 10-day trip to the QERC and other Costa Rican sites, including the Arenal Volcano and Manuel Antonio National Park. This experience places the student smack in the middle of an environment that dramatically shows how stellar evolution provides the energy, materials, and timescale for biological evolution. For example, discussion of tidal forces occurs when we are up to our necks in the tide at Manuel Antonio's beaches; discussions of nuclear reactions that power the Sun are followed with extended forest hikes to see the light-gathering strategies of photosynthetic organisms; as an astronomical system, quetzal DNA is a ``metal," a product of nucleosynthesis. Our time in Costa Rica also features an astronomy education program for the residents of San Gerardo de Dota (in the rural valley where the QERC is located), with presentations at the local school and astronomy ``open house" evenings at the QERC. As one travels the country one also sees the rapid destruction of tropical forest biodiversity. We therefore encourage through astrobiology the formation of another kind of ``ecosystem:" the global network of young people who are valiantly confronting the challenges of environmental sustainability. Solutions to these problems must take into account economic, cultural, and political realities as well as scientific realities. The importance of seeing these immediate problems in terms of astronomical and biological evolution timescales forms another splendid motivation for the study of astrobiology.

  16. Monitoring Polaris and Seeing Conditions at PARI

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Crawford, April

    2016-01-01

    Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute (PARI) was originally built by NASA to track and collect data from satellites. The location in the Pisgah National Forest was chosen due to the excellent ability of the surrounding mountains to block radio interference and light pollution. The PARI observatory has been monitoring Polaris for over 10 years and has amassed a large collection of images of the star and those surrounding it. While several telescopes have been used throughout the project, we are currently using a Omni XLT Series Celestron and an SBIG ST-8300M CCD camera with a 0.70 arcsecond/pixel ratio. The software is run on Windows, however, we will be making a switch to Linux and implementing a new program to control the camera. The new images, once converted to a usable format (ST10 to FITS), can be automatically fed into an in-house Java program to track the variability of the star and simultaneously determine the seeing conditions experienced on the campus. Since we have several years worth of data, the program will also be used to provide a history of variability and seeing conditions. We ultimately hope to be able to track the possible changes in variability of Polaris, as it's current location on the HR diagram is being studied. The data could also prove valuable for our on-site scientists and many visiting students to study on campus. We are also developing a relative scale for our seeing conditions, accompanied by FWHM measurements in arcseconds that will can be compared to those of surrounding observatories in mountainous areas.

  17. Hierarchical modelling of mobile, seeing robots

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Luh, Cheng-Jye; Zeigler, Bernard P.

    1990-01-01

    This paper describes the implementation of a hierarchical robot simulation which supports the design of robots with vision and mobility. A seeing robot applies a classification expert system for visual identification of laboratory objects. The visual data acquisition algorithm used by the robot vision system has been developed to exploit multiple viewing distances and perspectives. Several different simulations have been run testing the visual logic in a laboratory environment. Much work remains to integrate the vision system with the rest of the robot system.

  18. See around the corner using active imaging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steinvall, Ove; Elmqvist, Magnus; Larsson, Håkan

    2011-11-01

    This paper investigates the prospects of "seeing around the corner" using active imaging. A monostatic active imaging system offers interesting capabilities in the presence of glossy reflecting objects. Examples of such surfaces are windows in buildings and cars, calm water, signs and vehicle surfaces. During daylight it might well be possible to use mirrorlike reflection by the naked eye or a CCD camera for non-line of sight imaging. However the advantage with active imaging is that one controls the illumination. This will not only allow for low light and night utilization but also for use in cases where the sun or other interfering lights limit the non-line of sight imaging possibility. The range resolution obtained by time gating will reduce disturbing direct reflections and allow simultaneous view in several directions using range discrimination. Measurements and theoretical considerations in this report support the idea of using laser to "see around the corner". Examples of images and reflectivity measurements will be presented together with examples of potential system applications.

  19. NASA's Space Environments and Effects (SEE) Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Minor, Jody

    2001-01-01

    The return of the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) in 1990 brought a wealth of space exposure data on materials, paints, solar cells, adhesives and other data on the many space environments. The effects of the harsh space environments can provide damaging or even disabling effects on a spacecraft, its sub-systems, materials and instruments. In partnership with industry, academia, and other US and international government agencies, the National Aeronautics & Space Administration's (NASA's) Space Environments & Effects (SEE) Program defines the space environments and provides technology development to accommodate or mitigate these harmful environments on the spacecraft. This program (agency-wide in scope but managed at the Marshall Space Flight Center) provides a very comprehensive and focused approach to understanding the space environment. It does this by defining the best techniques for both flight- and groundbased experimentation, updating models which predict both the environments and the environmental effects on spacecraft and ensuring that this information is properly maintained and inserted into spacecraft design programs. This paper will describe the current SEE Program and discuss several current technology development activities associated with the spacecraft charging phenomenon.

  20. Discriminating neutrino see-saw models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hirsch, M.; King, S. F.

    2001-09-01

    We consider how well current theories can predict neutrino mass and mixing parameters, and construct a statistical discriminator which allows us to compare different models to each other. As an example we consider see-saw models based on family symmetry, and single right-handed neutrino dominance, and compare them to each other and to the case of neutrino anarchy with random entries in the neutrino Yukawa and Majorana mass matrices. The predictions depend crucially on the range of the undetermined coefficients over which we scan, and we speculate on how future theories might lead to more precise predictions for the coefficients and hence for neutrino observables. Our results indicate how accurately neutrino masses and mixing angles need to be measured by future experiments in order to discriminate between current models.

  1. Fully "Eqwipped" to See the Heat

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    Developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory over the past decade with an excess of $15 million of government research and development investment, quantum well infrared photodetectors (QWIPs) are infrared imaging sensors that can operate in the long wavelength portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, where objects at an ambient temperature emit the most energy. QWIPTECH was formed in July 1998 to offer JPL's QWIPs in a commercial format. The company currently holds an exclusive worldwide license to manufacture and sell the infrared photodetector sensors as part of a focal plane array called a QWIP Chip(TM). The QWIP Chip provides high thermal sensitivity (0.001 C) and possesses a broad dynamic range, permitting precise observations over a wide range of temperatures. Since the technology uses heat rather than light, it can "see" in complete darkness and through conditions such as dust, smoke, and light fog.

  2. How to See a Recently Discovered Supernova

    SciTech Connect

    Nugent, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Berkeley Lab scientist Peter Nugent discusses a recently discovered supernova that is closer to Earth — approximately 21 million light-years away — than any other of its kind in a generation. Astronomers believe they caught the supernova within hours of its explosion, a rare feat made possible with a specialized survey telescope and state-of-the-art computational tools. The finding of such a supernova so early and so close has energized the astronomical community as they are scrambling to observe it with as many telescopes as possible, including the Hubble Space Telescope. More info on how to see it: http://newscenter.lbl.gov/feature-stories/2011/08/31/glimpse-cosmic-explosion/ News release: http://newscenter.lbl.gov/feature-stories/2011/08/25/supernova/

  3. Fruit Flies Medicate Offspring After Seeing Parasites

    PubMed Central

    Kacsoh, Balint Z.; Lynch, Zachary R.; Mortimer, Nathan T.; Schlenke, Todd A.

    2013-01-01

    Hosts have numerous defenses against parasites, of which behavioral immune responses are an important but under-appreciated component. Here we describe a behavioral immune response Drosophila melanogaster utilizes against endoparasitoid wasps. We found that when flies see wasps they switch to laying eggs in alcohol-laden food sources that protect hatched larvae from infection. This oviposition behavior change, mediated by neuropeptide F, is retained long after wasps are removed. Flies respond to diverse female larval endoparasitoids but not to pupal endoparasitoids or males, showing they maintain specific wasp search images. Furthermore, the response evolved multiple times across the genus Drosophila. Our data reveal a behavioral immune response based on anticipatory medication of offspring, and outline a non-associative memory paradigm based on innate parasite recognition by the host. PMID:23430653

  4. How to See a Recently Discovered Supernova

    ScienceCinema

    Nugent, Peter

    2013-05-29

    Berkeley Lab scientist Peter Nugent discusses a recently discovered supernova that is closer to Earth ? approximately 21 million light-years away ? than any other of its kind in a generation. Astronomers believe they caught the supernova within hours of its explosion, a rare feat made possible with a specialized survey telescope and state-of-the-art computational tools. The finding of such a supernova so early and so close has energized the astronomical community as they are scrambling to observe it with as many telescopes as possible, including the Hubble Space Telescope. More info on how to see it: http://newscenter.lbl.gov/feature-stories/2011/08/31/glimpse-cosmic-explosion/ News release: http://newscenter.lbl.gov/feature-stories/2011/08/25/supernova/

  5. Face adaptation depends on seeing the face.

    PubMed

    Moradi, Farshad; Koch, Christof; Shimojo, Shinsuke

    2005-01-01

    Retinal input that is suppressed from visual awareness can nevertheless produce measurable aftereffects, revealing neural processes that do not directly result in a conscious percept. We here report that the face identity-specific aftereffect requires a visible face; it is effectively cancelled by binocular suppression or by inattentional blindness of the inducing face. Conversely, the same suppression does not interfere with the orientation-specific aftereffect. Thus, the competition between incompatible or interfering visual inputs to reach awareness is resolved before those aspects of information that are exploited in face identification are processed. We also found that the face aftereffect remained intact when the visual distracters in the inattention experiment were replaced with auditory distracters. Thus, cross-modal or cognitive interference that does not affect the visibility of the face does not interfere with the face aftereffect. We conclude that adaptation to face identity depends on seeing the face. PMID:15629711

  6. Do You "See'" What I "See"? Differentiation of Visual Action Words

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dickinson, Joël; Cirelli, Laura; Szeligo, Frank

    2014-01-01

    Dickinson and Szeligo ("Can J Exp Psychol" 62(4):211--222, 2008) found that processing time for simple visual stimuli was affected by the visual action participants had been instructed to perform on these stimuli (e.g., see, distinguish). It was concluded that these effects reflected the differences in the durations of these various…

  7. Multifield of view see-spot optics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lilley, Scott; Vizgaitis, Jay; Everett, Jonathan; Spinazzola, Robert

    2013-06-01

    The increasing availability of sensors that can image in the 1 to 5 μm region has allowed for systems to be developed that utilize the full spectrum. Current mid-wave infrared (MWIR) systems have typically only imaged in the 3 to 5 μm region, but the new detectors allow imaging in the short-wave infrared (SWIR) and MWIR bands on the same image plane. Night Vision and Electronic Sensors Directorate (NVESD) had a requirement to design and build a multiple field of view (FOV) optical system that could image the 1 to 5 μm spectral band utilizing a single, cooled infrared detector. The primary challenge of designing this particular optical system was to get the 1 to 2 (SWIR) μm band to focus at the same image plane as the 3 to 5 (MWIR) μm band in all FOVs. A three-FOV broadband optical system that can image the 1 to 5 μm band on the same image plane was designed and built. Several optical concepts were looked at, and it was decided that a combination of a reflective afocal and refractive imager was the best way to meet the system requirements. The use of a catadioptric system with a single focal plane that images in the 1 to 5 μm spectrum reduces the size of the system and provides the user with see-spot capability.

  8. Seeing the Invisible with the IMAGE Mission

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gallagher, D. L.

    2004-01-01

    The Global Positioning System, communication, power transmission, and oil pipelines are only a few of the technologies upon which we depend in research and in everyday life. Each is at risk from invisible storms in near-Earth space. The astrophysical plasmas near our planet store and deliver vast amounts of energy from the Sun in the form of high energy particles, electric currents, and heating of the upper atmosphere. This natural plasma environment is the only one routinely measured in situ over the last 40 years and until recently one of the few we haven't been able to see. Much like atmospheric weather satellites brought global context to that field many decades ago, the IMAGE Mission is now revealing a global context for space weather. The contributions being made by the IMAGE Mission to understanding space weather will be presented along with a brief overview of this dynamic environment. Special emphasis will be placed on research involving the plasmasphere, a toroidal region of relatively dense, cold plasma surrounding the Earth that plays a key role in energy and mass transport through near-Earth space.

  9. New video probe sees gas pipe abnormalities

    SciTech Connect

    Swenson, P. )

    1992-04-01

    This paper reports that initial results indicate the PLS 3000 pipeline inspection system can significantly reduce the time and cost required to locate and repair leaks in low-pressure natural gas distribution system without interrupting the flow of gas. The system uses a sealed miniature color TV probe into live low-pressure piping to see the leak and other piping problems, such as water infiltration, pipe distortions, structural cracks, broken or misaligned service connections and the presence of foreign matter. The camera is housed in a sealed stainless steel probe that is 1.96-in in diameter and 5.7-in. long. It can travel up to 6000 linear ft in 3- 4- and 6-in piping from a single 3-ft by 5-ft excavation. The probe enters the pipe through a patented Easy Dual Access fitting. The fitting allows the technician to cut into the pipe, remove the coupon and insert the camera probe under sealed conditions. At the conclusion of the examination, the technician seals the access hole with a gasketed steel band clamp.

  10. Moonlet Propellor: What are we seeing?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lewis, Mark C.; Stewart, G. R.

    2008-09-01

    The presence of a band of moonlets in the A ring has now been established by the identification of bright regions in the rings (Sremcevic, et al., Nature 449, 1019-1021, Tiscareno et al., Astron. J. 135, 1083-1091, 2008). These bright regions are often called propellers based on the characteristic shape seen in simulations. The propeller structures in these simulations are actually low density regions that are edges with high density wakes. The masses of the moonlets in observations are estimated by characteristic scalings seen in simulations where the radial separation between the features scales as the Hill sphere of the moonlet. More recent simulations that include the added realism of particle self-gravity and size distributions find that these interfere with the formation of the high density wakes. This leads to the question of what exactly we are seeing in Cassini observations of the propellers. This work presents large scale simulations ( 25 million particles) aimed at determining whether the bright propellers can be caused by moonlets disrupting gravitational aggregates. Scaling rules for such structures and conditions under which they do or don't form are explored. This work has been supported by NASA PG&G.

  11. Use of Proton SEE Data as a Proxy for Bounding Heavy-Ion SEE Susceptibility

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ladbury, Raymond L.; Lauenstein, Jean-Marie; Hayes, Kathryn P.

    2015-01-01

    Although heavy-ion single-event effects (SEE) pose serious threats to semiconductor devices in space, many missions face difficulties testing such devices at heavy-ion accelerators. Low-cost missions often find such testing too costly. Even well funded missions face issues testing commercial off the shelf (COTS) due to packaging and integration. Some missions wish to fly COTS systems with little insight into their components. Heavy-ion testing such parts and systems requires access to expensive and hard-to-access ultra-high energy ion accelerators, or significant system modification. To avoid these problems, some have proposed using recoil ions from high-energy protons as a proxy to bound heavy-ion SEE rates.

  12. 24 CFR 115.305 - Special enforcement effort (SEE) funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Special enforcement effort (SEE... Housing Assistance Program § 115.305 Special enforcement effort (SEE) funds. (a) SEE funds are funds that HUD may provide to an agency to enhance enforcement activities of the agency's fair housing law....

  13. 24 CFR 115.305 - Special enforcement effort (SEE) funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Special enforcement effort (SEE... Housing Assistance Program § 115.305 Special enforcement effort (SEE) funds. (a) SEE funds are funds that HUD may provide to an agency to enhance enforcement activities of the agency's fair housing law....

  14. 24 CFR 115.305 - Special enforcement effort (SEE) funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Special enforcement effort (SEE... Housing Assistance Program § 115.305 Special enforcement effort (SEE) funds. (a) SEE funds are funds that HUD may provide to an agency to enhance enforcement activities of the agency's fair housing law....

  15. 24 CFR 115.305 - Special enforcement effort (SEE) funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Special enforcement effort (SEE... Housing Assistance Program § 115.305 Special enforcement effort (SEE) funds. (a) SEE funds are funds that HUD may provide to an agency to enhance enforcement activities of the agency's fair housing law....

  16. 24 CFR 115.305 - Special enforcement effort (SEE) funds.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Special enforcement effort (SEE... Housing Assistance Program § 115.305 Special enforcement effort (SEE) funds. (a) SEE funds are funds that HUD may provide to an agency to enhance enforcement activities of the agency's fair housing law....

  17. See your brands through your customers' eyes.

    PubMed

    Lederer, C; Hill, S

    2001-06-01

    Subaru markets an L.L. Bean Outback station wagon. Dell stamps Microsoft and Intel logos on its computers. Such inter-weaving of different companies' brands is now commonplace. But one of the central tools of brand management-portfolio mapping--has not kept pace with changes in the marketplace. Most conventional brand maps include only those brands owned by a company, arranged along organizational lines with little regard for how the brands influence customer perceptions. In this article, the authors present a new mapping tool--the brand portfolio molecule--that reveals the way brands appear to customers. The brand portfolio molecule includes all the brands that factor into a consumer's decision to buy, whether or not the company owns them. The first step in creating a brand portfolio molecule is to determine which brands should or should not be included. The second step is to classify each brand by asking five key questions: 1) How important is this brand to customers' purchase decisions about the brand you're mapping? 2) Is its influence positive or negative? 3) What market position does this brand occupy relative to the other brands in the portfolio? 4) How does this brand connect to the other brands in the portfolio? 5) How much control do you have over this brand? The last step is to map the molecule using a 3-D modeling program or by hand with pen and paper. Individual brands take the form of atoms, and they're clustered in ways that reflect how customers see them. The usefulness of the tool lies in its ability to show the many forces that influence a customer's buying decision--and to provide a powerful new way to think about brand strategy. PMID:11408973

  18. Do you see what I see? Infants' reasoning about others' incomplete perceptions.

    PubMed

    Luo, Yuyan; Beck, Whitney

    2010-01-01

    Twelve-month-olds realize that when an agent cannot see an object, her incomplete perceptions still guide her goal-directed actions. What would happen if the agent had incomplete perceptions because she could see only one part of the object, for example one side of a screen? In the present research, 16-month-olds were first shown an agent who always pointed to a red object, as opposed to a black or a yellow object, suggesting that she preferred red over the other colours. Next, two screens were introduced while the agent was absent. The screens were (1) red or green on both sides; (2) red on the front (infants' side) but green on the back (the agent's side) or vice versa; or (3) only coloured red or green on the front. During test, the agent, who could see only the back of the screens, pointed to one of the two screens. The results revealed that while infants expected the agent to continue acting on her colour preference and point to the red rather than the green screen during test, they did so in accord with the agent's perception of the screens, rather than their own perceptions: they expected the agent to point to the red screen in (1), but to the green-front screen in (2), and they had no prediction of which screen the agent should point to in (3). The implications of the present findings for early psychological reasoning research are discussed. PMID:20121869

  19. HUBBLE SEES SUPERSONIC EXHAUST FROM NEBULA

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    2-9 is a striking example of a 'butterfly' or a bipolar planetary nebula. Another more revealing name might be the 'Twin Jet Nebula.' If the nebula is sliced across the star, each side of it appears much like a pair of exhausts from jet engines. Indeed, because of the nebula's shape and the measured velocity of the gas, in excess of 200 miles per second, astronomers believe that the description as a super-super-sonic jet exhaust is quite apt. Ground-based studies have shown that the nebula's size increases with time, suggesting that the stellar outburst that formed the lobes occurred just 1,200 years ago. The central star in M2-9 is known to be one of a very close pair which orbit one another at perilously close distances. It is even possible that one star is being engulfed by the other. Astronomers suspect the gravity of one star pulls weakly bound gas from the surface of the other and flings it into a thin, dense disk which surrounds both stars and extends well into space. The disk can actually be seen in shorter exposure images obtained with the Hubble telescope. It measures approximately 10 times the diameter of Pluto's orbit. Models of the type that are used to design jet engines ('hydrodynamics') show that such a disk can successfully account for the jet-exhaust-like appearance of M2-9. The high-speed wind from one of the stars rams into the surrounding disk, which serves as a nozzle. The wind is deflected in a perpendicular direction and forms the pair of jets that we see in the nebula's image. This is much the same process that takes place in a jet engine: The burning and expanding gases are deflected by the engine walls through a nozzle to form long, collimated jets of hot air at high speeds. M2-9 is 2,100 light-years away in the constellation Ophiucus. The observation was taken Aug. 2, 1997 by the Hubble telescope's Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2. In this image, neutral oxygen is shown in red, once-ionized nitrogen in green, and twice-ionized oxygen in

  20. Seeing a Stellar Explosion in 3D

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-08-01

    faster in some directions than others, leading to an irregular shape with some parts stretching out further into space. The first material to be ejected from the explosion travelled at an incredible 100 million km per hour, which is about a tenth of the speed of light or around 100 000 times faster than a passenger jet. Even at this breakneck speed it has taken 10 years to reach a previously existing ring of gas and dust puffed out from the dying star. The images also demonstrate that another wave of material is travelling ten times more slowly and is being heated by radioactive elements created in the explosion. "We have established the velocity distribution of the inner ejecta of Supernova 1987A," says lead author Karina Kjær. "Just how a supernova explodes is not very well understood, but the way the star exploded is imprinted on this inner material. We can see that this material was not ejected symmetrically in all directions, but rather seems to have had a preferred direction. Besides, this direction is different to what was expected from the position of the ring." Such asymmetric behaviour was predicted by some of the most recent computer models of supernovae, which found that large-scale instabilities take place during the explosion. The new observations are thus the first direct confirmation of such models. SINFONI is the leading instrument of its kind, and only the level of detail it affords allowed the team to draw their conclusions. Advanced adaptive optics systems counteracted the blurring effects of the Earth's atmosphere while a technique called integral field spectroscopy allowed the astronomers to study several parts of the supernova's chaotic core simultaneously, leading to the build-up of the 3D image. "Integral field spectroscopy is a special technique where for each pixel we get information about the nature and velocity of the gas," says Kjær. "This means that besides the normal picture we also have the velocity along the line of sight. Because we

  1. Seeing a Stellar Explosion in 3D

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2010-08-01

    faster in some directions than others, leading to an irregular shape with some parts stretching out further into space. The first material to be ejected from the explosion travelled at an incredible 100 million km per hour, which is about a tenth of the speed of light or around 100 000 times faster than a passenger jet. Even at this breakneck speed it has taken 10 years to reach a previously existing ring of gas and dust puffed out from the dying star. The images also demonstrate that another wave of material is travelling ten times more slowly and is being heated by radioactive elements created in the explosion. "We have established the velocity distribution of the inner ejecta of Supernova 1987A," says lead author Karina Kjær. "Just how a supernova explodes is not very well understood, but the way the star exploded is imprinted on this inner material. We can see that this material was not ejected symmetrically in all directions, but rather seems to have had a preferred direction. Besides, this direction is different to what was expected from the position of the ring." Such asymmetric behaviour was predicted by some of the most recent computer models of supernovae, which found that large-scale instabilities take place during the explosion. The new observations are thus the first direct confirmation of such models. SINFONI is the leading instrument of its kind, and only the level of detail it affords allowed the team to draw their conclusions. Advanced adaptive optics systems counteracted the blurring effects of the Earth's atmosphere while a technique called integral field spectroscopy allowed the astronomers to study several parts of the supernova's chaotic core simultaneously, leading to the build-up of the 3D image. "Integral field spectroscopy is a special technique where for each pixel we get information about the nature and velocity of the gas," says Kjær. "This means that besides the normal picture we also have the velocity along the line of sight. Because we

  2. NASA's Chandra Sees Brightest Supernova Ever

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2007-05-01

    WASHINGTON - The brightest stellar explosion ever recorded may be a long-sought new type of supernova, according to observations by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory and ground-based optical telescopes. This discovery indicates that violent explosions of extremely massive stars were relatively common in the early universe, and that a similar explosion may be ready to go off in our own galaxy. "This was a truly monstrous explosion, a hundred times more energetic than a typical supernova," said Nathan Smith of the University of California at Berkeley, who led a team of astronomers from California and the University of Texas in Austin. "That means the star that exploded might have been as massive as a star can get, about 150 times that of our sun. We've never seen that before." Chandra X-ray Image of SN 2006gy Chandra X-ray Image of SN 2006gy Astronomers think many of the first generation of stars were this massive, and this new supernova may thus provide a rare glimpse of how the first stars died. It is unprecedented, however, to find such a massive star and witness its death. The discovery of the supernova, known as SN 2006gy, provides evidence that the death of such massive stars is fundamentally different from theoretical predictions. "Of all exploding stars ever observed, this was the king," said Alex Filippenko, leader of the ground-based observations at the Lick Observatory at Mt. Hamilton, Calif., and the Keck Observatory in Mauna Kea, Hawaii. "We were astonished to see how bright it got, and how long it lasted." The Chandra observation allowed the team to rule out the most likely alternative explanation for the supernova: that a white dwarf star with a mass only slightly higher than the sun exploded into a dense, hydrogen-rich environment. In that event, SN 2006gy should have been 1,000 times brighter in X-rays than what Chandra detected. Animation of SN 2006gy Animation of SN 2006gy "This provides strong evidence that SN 2006gy was, in fact, the death of an

  3. Seeing and Experiencing Relativity--A New Tool for Teaching?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kortemeyer, Gerd; Fish, Jordan; Hacker, Jesse; Kienle, Justin; Kobylarek, Alexander; Sigler, Michael; Wierenga, Bert; Cheu, Ryan; Kim, Ebae; Sherin, Zach; Sidhu, Sonny; Tan, Philip

    2013-01-01

    "What would you see if you were riding a beam of light?" This thought experiment, which Einstein reports to have "conducted" at the age of 16, of course has no sensible answer: as Einstein published a decade later, you could never reach the speed of light. But it does make sense to ask what you would see if you were traveling…

  4. Seeing Deep Structure from the Interactions of Surface Features

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chi, Michelene T. H.; VanLehn, Kurt A.

    2012-01-01

    Transfer is typically thought of as requiring individuals to "see" what is the same in the deep structure between a new target problem and a previously encountered source problem, even though the surface features may be dissimilar. We propose that experts can "see" the deep structure by considering the first-order interactions of the explicit…

  5. Overview of Device SEE Susceptibility from Heavy Ions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nichols, D. K.; Coss, J. R.; McCarthy, K. P.; Schwartz, H. R.; Smith, L. S.

    1998-01-01

    A fifth set of heavy ion single event effects (SEE) test data have been collected since the last IEEE publications (1,2,3,4) in December issues for 1985, 1987, 1989, and 1991. Trends in SEE susceptibility (including soft errors and latchup) for state-of-the-art parts are evaluated.

  6. The Neon Paintbrush: Seeing, Technology, and the Museum as Metaphor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, Peter

    2000-01-01

    Discusses visual perception; the way technology can change the way people see; combining seeing and technology to create visual cultures; the influence of the World Wide Web on visual technologies; and changes in visual culture, including museums and their Web sites. (LRW)

  7. Considerations for a Proton Single Event Effects (SEE) Guideline

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    LaBel, Kenneth A.

    2010-01-01

    The intent of this document is to provide guidance on when and what type of SEE tests should be performed on a device under test (DUT) based on orbit, technology, existing data, and application. It is NOT intended to provide a detailed guideline for how to perform proton SEE radiation tests on electronics.

  8. MedlinePlus: The ForeSee Customer Satisfaction Survey

    MedlinePlus

    ... https://medlineplus.gov/survey/foreseesurvey.html The ForeSee Customer Satisfaction Survey To use the sharing features on this ... and MedlinePlus en español. NLM uses the ForeSee Customer Satisfaction Survey to measure online user satisfaction. The survey ...

  9. Trends in Device SEE Susceptibility from Heavy Ions

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nichols, D. K.; Coss, J. R.; McCarty, K. P.; Schwartz, H. R.; Swift, G. M.; Watson, R. K.; Koga, R.; Crain, W. R.; Crawford, K. B.; Hansel, S. J.

    1995-01-01

    The sixth set of heavy ion single event effects (SEE) test data have been collected since the last IEEE publications in December issues of IEEE - Nuclear Science Transactions for 1985, 1987, 1989, 1991, and the IEEE Workshop Record, 1993. Trends in SEE susceptibility (including soft errors and latchup) for state-of- are evaluated.

  10. 40 CFR 267.74 - Who sees the records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Who sees the records? 267.74 Section 267.74 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED... Recordkeeping, Reporting, and Notifying § 267.74 Who sees the records? (a) You must furnish all...

  11. 40 CFR 267.74 - Who sees the records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Who sees the records? 267.74 Section 267.74 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED... Recordkeeping, Reporting, and Notifying § 267.74 Who sees the records? (a) You must furnish all...

  12. 22. SHIPYARD NO. 2, ROSIE THE RIVETER MEMORIAL (SEE ALSO ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. SHIPYARD NO. 2, ROSIE THE RIVETER MEMORIAL (SEE ALSO HAER No. CA-326-D), FORD ASSEMBLY PLANT (SEE ALSO HAER No. CA-326-H), AND RICHMOND SHIPYARD NO. 3, SW. - Rosie the Riveter National Historical Park, 1401 Marina Way South, Richmond, Contra Costa County, CA

  13. 40 CFR 267.74 - Who sees the records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Who sees the records? 267.74 Section 267.74 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED... Recordkeeping, Reporting, and Notifying § 267.74 Who sees the records? (a) You must furnish all...

  14. 40 CFR 267.74 - Who sees the records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 28 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Who sees the records? 267.74 Section 267.74 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED... Recordkeeping, Reporting, and Notifying § 267.74 Who sees the records? (a) You must furnish all...

  15. 40 CFR 267.74 - Who sees the records?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Who sees the records? 267.74 Section 267.74 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED... Recordkeeping, Reporting, and Notifying § 267.74 Who sees the records? (a) You must furnish all...

  16. Helping Children to See Themselves and Each Other

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtis, Deb

    2012-01-01

    Seeing children--noticing the details of their actions and words and seeking their perspective to catch a glimpse of how they experience the world--brings joy and deeper understanding to the author's work and life. Over the years she has cultivated the practice of slowing down and observing closely to see the child's point of view. She has…

  17. Seeing a singer helps comprehension of the song's lyrics.

    PubMed

    Jesse, Alexandra; Massaro, Dominic W

    2010-06-01

    When listening to speech, we often benefit when also seeing the speaker's face. If this advantage is not domain specific for speech, the recognition of sung lyrics should also benefit from seeing the singer's face. By independently varying the sight and sound of the lyrics, we found a substantial comprehension benefit of seeing a singer. This benefit was robust across participants, lyrics, and repetition of the test materials. This benefit was much larger than the benefit for sung lyrics obtained in previous research, which had not provided the visual information normally present in singing. Given that the comprehension of sung lyrics benefits from seeing the singer, just like speech comprehension benefits from seeing the speaker, both speech and music perception appear to be multisensory processes. PMID:20551353

  18. The Use of "See" and "See Also" References in the Public Library Catalogs in Franklin County, Ohio.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elder, Kristen L.

    The "see" and "see also" references in a library's catalog are supposed to provide the cross-references necessary to guide the user to the appropriate subject heading. However, libraries have difficulty maintaining the current, accurate subject authority files needed to facilitate this. A review of the literature in this subject area revealed the…

  19. View of building 11050. With view of building 11070 (See ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of building 11050. With view of building 11070 (See HABS No. CA 2774-B) in background. Looking southwest. - Naval Ordnance Test Station Inyokern, China Lake Pilot Plant, Machine Shop, C Street, China Lake, Kern County, CA

  20. How Do We Recognize a Fault When We See One?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rogers, Ralph David

    1991-01-01

    Describes activities to help students see discontinuities as faults. Students collect data, manipulate data, and use the data to formulate explanations. Schematic diagrams help students with the conceptual component of thinking. (PR)

  1. VIEW OF ONESTAMP MILL WITH RANCH HOUSE AT REAR (See ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    VIEW OF ONE-STAMP MILL WITH RANCH HOUSE AT REAR (See HABS No. CA-2347, DESERT QUEEN RANCH, for further documentation) - Desert Queen Ranch, One Stamp Gold Mill, Twentynine Palms, San Bernardino County, CA

  2. Routine Eye Exams See Vision Problems You Miss

    MedlinePlus

    ... news/fullstory_159863.html Routine Eye Exams See Vision Problems You Miss Older people and those who ... half of people with no new symptoms or vision problems receive new prescriptions or treatment changes as ...

  3. See-saw nystagmus and brainstem infarction: MRI findings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kanter, D. S.; Ruff, R. L.; Leigh, R. J.; Modic, M.

    1987-01-01

    A patient with see-saw nystagmus had a lesion localized by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to the paramedian ventral midbrain with involvement of the right interstitial nucleus of Cajal. This the first MRI study of see-saw nystagmus associated with a presumed brainstem vascular event. Our findings support animal and human studies suggesting that dysfunction of the interstitial nucleus of Cajal or its connections is central in this disorder.

  4. Single Event Effects (SEE) Testing: Practical Approach to Test Plans

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    LaBel, Kenneth A.; Pellish, Jonathan A.; Berg, Melanie D.

    2014-01-01

    While standards and guidelines for performing SEE testing have existed for several decades, guidance for developing SEE test plans has not been as easy to find. In this presentation, the variety of areas that need to be considered ranging from resource issues (funds, personnel, schedule) to extremely technical challenges (particle interaction and circuit application), shall be discussed. Note: We consider the approach outlined here as a living document: mission specific constraints and new technology related issues always need to be taken into account.

  5. ATST seeing monitor: February 2002 observations at Fuxian Lake

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beckers, Jacques M.; Liu, Zhong; Jin, Zhenyu

    2003-02-01

    We describe a solar seeing monitor used for the site testing for the 4 meter US Advanced Technology Solar Telescope and the 1 meter Yunnan Observatory Solar Telescope. It has two parts: a solar Differential Image Motion Monitor (S-DIMM) and a linear array of 6 solar scintillometers (SHABAR= SHAdow BAnd Ranger). The results obtained by both methods are compared on the basis of observations obtained in February 2002 at the Yunnan Observatory Fuxian Lake solar station. Analysis showed that these two ways of measuring the Fried parameter give consistent results. We confirm earlier observations that showed that the boundary layer seeing over lakes is strongly suppressed. The amount of this boundary layer seeing depends on the temperature difference between lake and air and on the wind velocity. We have also carried out seeing observation along a 9.15 km horizontal path across the lake. The Cn2 values derived from these is consistent with the solar observations. They confirm the dependence of Cn2 on the lake-to-air temperature difference. From the SHABAR we find a typical scale height for the boundary layer seeing of 20 meters and from inter-comparison of the S-DIMM and SHABAR observations we derive an outer scale of turbulence of about 50 meters.

  6. The Local Seeing Environment at Big Bear Solar Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Verdoni, Angelo; Denker, Carsten

    2007-07-01

    The site survey for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope (ATST) of the National Solar Observatory was initiated in 2002 to find the best location for a 4 m aperture solar telescope. At the end of a 4 year survey, three sites (Big Bear Solar Observatory [BBSO] in California, Mees Solar Observatory [MSO] on Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii, and Observatorio Roque de los Muchachos, on La Palma, Spain) were identified as excellent sites for high-resolution solar observations. MSO was ultimately chosen as the future ATST site. We present a subset of the ATST site survey data, focusing on the local seeing environment at BBSO. In particular, we are interested in the seeing characteristics at a mountain lake-site observatory, its relation to the local environment and climate, and its implications for the 1.6 m New Solar Telescope (NST) currently being built at BBSO. We find a close correlation of very good seeing conditions with the prevailing wind direction and speed. The observatory building, located at the end of a 300 m causeway, is surrounded by the cool waters of Big Bear Lake, which effectively suppress the ground-layer seeing. Very good seeing conditions from sunrise to sunset are a unique feature of BBSO, which makes it ideally suited for synoptic observations and sustained high-resolution studies of solar activity and space weather.

  7. Exceptional astronomical seeing conditions above Dome C in Antarctica.

    PubMed

    Lawrence, Jon S; Ashley, Michael C B; Tokovinin, Andrei; Travouillon, Tony

    2004-09-16

    One of the most important considerations when planning the next generation of ground-based optical astronomical telescopes is to choose a site that has excellent 'seeing'--the jitter in the apparent position of a star that is caused by light bending as it passes through regions of differing refractive index in the Earth's atmosphere. The best mid-latitude sites have a median seeing ranging from 0.5 to 1.0 arcsec (refs 1-5). Sites on the Antarctic plateau have unique atmospheric properties that make them worth investigating as potential observatory locations. Previous testing at the US Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station has, however, demonstrated poor seeing, averaging 1.8 arcsec (refs 6, 7). Here we report observations of the wintertime seeing from Dome C (ref. 8), a high point on the Antarctic plateau at a latitude of 75 degrees S. The results are remarkable: the median seeing is 0.27 arcsec, and below 0.15 arcsec 25 per cent of the time. A telescope placed at Dome C would compete with one that is 2 to 3 times larger at the best mid-latitude observatories, and an interferometer based at this site could work on projects that would otherwise require a space mission. PMID:15372024

  8. Integrating seeing measurements into the operations of solar telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Denker, C.; Verdoni, A. P.

    2006-06-01

    The New Solar Telescope (NST) is an innovative 1.6-meter, off-axis, open telescope currently being developed and built at the Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO). The observatory is situated on a small peninsula in Big Bear Lake, a mountain lake at an altitude of about 2100 m in the San Bernardino Mountains of Southern California. The lake effectively suppresses the boundary layer seeing. Thus, providing consistently very good daytime seeing conditions. BBSO has been identified by the site survey for the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope (ATST) as one of the best sites for solar observations. It is uniquely qualified for long-duration observations requiring high-spatial resolution. This type of observations is typically encountered in solar activity monitoring and space weather forecast. The ATST site survey has collected more than two years of data linking seeing conditions to geographical parameters and local climate. We have integrated these data in a MySQL database and we will use this information in connection with a real-time seeing monitor and weather station to predict the seeing conditions at Big Bear such that scheduling and prioritization of observing programs (e.g., synoptic vs. high-resolution modes) becomes possible.

  9. Wishful seeing: more desired objects are seen as closer.

    PubMed

    Balcetis, Emily; Dunning, David

    2010-01-01

    Although people assume that they see the surrounding environment as it truly is, we suggest that perception of the natural environment is dependent upon the internal goal states of perceivers. Five experiments demonstrated that perceivers tend to see desirable objects (i.e., those that can fulfill immediate goals-a water bottle to assuage their thirst, money they can win, a personality test providing favorable feedback) as physically closer to them than less desirable objects. Biased distance perception was revealed through verbal reports and through actions toward the object (e.g., underthrowing a beanbag at a desirable object). We suggest that seeing desirable objects as closer than less desirable objects serves the self-regulatory function of energizing the perceiver to approach objects that fulfill needs and goals. PMID:20424036

  10. Solar Seeing Measurements at the Fuxian Lake Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Beckers, J. M.; Liu, Zhong

    2002-05-01

    A collaborative effort between the Yunnan Observatory (YO) of the Chinese Academy of Science and the National Solar Observatory (NSO) has led to the development of the seeing monitor now being used by the NSO for the site testing for the 4 meter Advanced Technology Solar Telescope (ATST). The ATST seeing monitor contains a solar differential image motion monitor (S-DIMM) modeled after the one used by the YO for the site testing at Fuxian Lake. The S-DIMM results in a determination of the Fried Parameter r0. NSO added a linear array of 6 scintillometers which measure cloud cover, the scintillation index and the spatial co-variance of the solar shadow bands. This array is called the SHABAR = SHAdow BAnd Ranger because of its ability to give the height structure of the atmospheric seeing (see the attached web page). In February this year we combined the ATST SHABAR with the S-DIMM at the Fuxian Lake site. We describe the results of 5 days of observations in the February 9 to 14 period. In summary they are: (a) the average seeing was 1.6 arcsec in the solar direction, 1.2 arcsec for zenith direction, (b) for half of the time the boundary layer seeing contribution was negligible (<10%), (c) at the times when it was significant the scale height of the refractive index structure constant Cn2 was determined to be 20 meters, (d) at those times the r0 derived from the SHABAR agreed well with that observed with the S-DIMM, and (e) the r0 derived from the SHABAR at times when it is small exceeds that of the S-DIMM. This is almost certainly due to the outer scale of turbulence being around 10 - 30 meters in the free atmosphere at heights 1 km and above.

  11. Dynamics of the functions [Formula: see text] with the real parameter.

    PubMed

    Deng, Xiaocheng; Meng, Fanning; Lin, Jianming; Yuan, Wenjun

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, the dynamics of the functions [Formula: see text] with the real parameter is studied. We say that a real parameter [Formula: see text] belongs to the set [Formula: see text] for a positive integer n if [Formula: see text] has an attracting cycle of n-order. We prove that the Fatou set [Formula: see text] is a completely invariant attracting basin for every parameter [Formula: see text]. Further, regarding the set [Formula: see text] for [Formula: see text], we prove the following results: (1) There exists [Formula: see text] such that [Formula: see text]. (2) For every positive integer [Formula: see text], the set [Formula: see text] is non-empty. (3) For every prime number [Formula: see text], the set [Formula: see text] has at least two components. PMID:27386299

  12. Launching a social enterprise see-and-treat service.

    PubMed

    Clancy, Elaine; Mayo, Amanda

    2009-06-01

    Many children who attend emergency departments with minor injuries or illnesses can be cared for by primary care services. This article describes an innovative partnership between a primary care trust and a social enterprise company to develop a see-and-treat primary care service that has reduced the number o children attending the traditional emergency department at a London hospital. PMID:19552329

  13. Visual Neuroscience: How Do Moths See to Fly at Night?

    PubMed

    Ala-Laurila, Petri

    2016-03-21

    A new study shows that moth vision trades speed and resolution for contrast sensitivity at night. These remarkable neural adaptations take place in the higher-order neurons of the hawkmoth motion vision pathway and allow the insects to see during night flights. PMID:27003884

  14. 31. ELEVATION WEST FACE BLDG. 27, SEE SERVICE DRIVE TUNNEL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    31. ELEVATION WEST FACE BLDG. 27, SEE SERVICE DRIVE TUNNEL INTO COURTYARD. - Fafnir Bearing Plant, Bounded on North side by Myrtle Street, on South side by Orange Street, on East side by Booth Street & on West side by Grove Street, New Britain, Hartford County, CT

  15. The Relation between Components of Naming and Conditioned Seeing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shanman, Derek

    2013-01-01

    In two experiments, I tested for the presence of conditioned seeing as a measureable behavior, which was measured by participants' accuracy in drawing a stimulus, and how this behavior was related to the demonstration of the naming capability. In Experiment 1, participants demonstrated a correlation between drawing responses and speaker…

  16. Changing Interpretations of the Scientific Observation: Observations without Seeing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yurumezoglu, Kemal

    2006-01-01

    In this article, we studied the paradigm of observation which has been restructured since the beginning of modern sciences. In order to interpret this observation paradigm, an expression, "observation without seeing" was formulated. It was noticed that our interpretation of the observation depends on our knowledge and experiences. Finally, it was…

  17. Observation in Learning to Teach: Forms of "Seeing"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orland-Barak, Lily; Leshem, Shosh

    2009-01-01

    The learning value attributed to perceptual and conceptual modes of "seeing" in context, underscore their significance as integral to the practice teaching experience. Programmatically, it challenges teacher educators to design observation approaches and activities that allow for associating perceptual experiences with conceptual understandings.…

  18. See, Say, Write: A Writing Routine for the Preschool Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Copp, Stefanie B.; Cabell, Sonia Q.; Tortorelli, Laura S.

    2016-01-01

    See, Say, Write is an adaptable classroom writing routine that teachers can use across a range of activities in the preschool classroom. This preschool writing routine offers an opportunity for teachers to build on a shared experience through engagement in rich conversation and writing. After a shared experience, teachers will provide a visual…

  19. Learning to See Landscape through a Flexible Lens

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Birdsall, Stephen S.

    2003-01-01

    Students' established conclusions about the world can often hinder a teacher's efforts to suggest new ideas and new ways to pursue alternative explanations. Flexible thinking helps students practice the value that one's present conclusions should remain tentative and subject to re-evaluation. Meinig's ten alternative perspectives for seeing a…

  20. Seeing Is Believing? Insights from Young Children in Nature

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, E. Jayne

    2015-01-01

    If the eye is a window to the soul, an important question to ask in the early years is "What do children see?" in their encounters with the world. Gaining a better understanding of children's interpretations is central to the pedagogical task of early childhood teachers, yet children are seldom asked to provide their points of view…

  1. Humpty Dumpty Reconsidered: Seeing Things Whole in Outward Bound.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Horwood, Bert

    For education to make a lasting difference in people's lives, it must touch all dimensions of being human in ways that are integrated or holistic. Content and instructional methods, such as those of Kurt Hahn and Charity James, that are based on images of the intact human being see things whole from the beginning. But our school experience and the…

  2. Classroom Discussions: Seeing Math Discourse in Action, Grades K-6

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderson, Nancy; Chapin, Suzanne; O'Connor, Cathy

    2011-01-01

    "Classroom Discussions: Seeing Math Discourse in Action, Grades K-6" provides preservice and inservice instructors, coaches and facilitators with real, classroom-based video examples that illustrate the principles and practices covered in the authors' best-selling book, "Classroom Discussions: Using Math Talk to Help Students Learn, Grade K-6,…

  3. Seeing and Experiencing Relativity -- A New Tool for Teaching?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kortemeyer, Gerd; Fish, Jordan; Hacker, Jesse; Kienle, Justin; Kobylarek, Alexander; Sigler, Michael; Wierenga, Bert; Cheu, Ryan; Kim, Ebae; Sherin, Zach; Sidhu, Sonny; Tan, Philip

    2013-11-01

    "What would you see if you were riding a beam of light?" This thought experiment, which Einstein reports to have "conducted" at the age of 16, of course has no sensible answer: as Einstein published a decade later, you could never reach the speed of light.2 But it does make sense to ask what you would see if you were traveling close to the speed of light, and one of the first physicists to embark on this effort was George Gamow in his Mr. Tompkins in Wonderland.3 His protagonist is speeding on a bicycle through a city where the speed of light is lower, thus ingeniously taking advantage of the fact that special relativity scales with v/c: for it to kick in, you either have to move very fast (in rather unfamiliar territory), or light has to be slow (in which case special relativity kicks in at everyday velocities in everyday situations). Gamow provides drawings of what Mr. Tompkins and people at the curb would see in this slow-light city, at least, what they would see if one only took into account two of the effects: length contraction and time dilation.4

  4. Seeing Our Lives Intertwined: Teacher Education for Cultural Inclusion

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gomez, Mary Louise

    2007-01-01

    This article investigates the attitudes and feelings of United States public school teachers about those they often see as "others"--people unlike themselves. What does research tell us might be the consequences of teachers' attitudes and feelings towards students and their families? What can we learn about diversifying the teacher pool from…

  5. SEE Tolerant Self-Calibrating Simple Fractional-N PLL

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shuler, Robert L.; Chen, Li

    2010-01-01

    We show a reliable on-chip clock multiplier for SEE testing or RHBD applications. Fine control of clock frequency is provided without complex delta-sigma schemes. Conflicts that can occur with voted PLLs are discussed, and how to avoid them.

  6. "See Translation": Explicit and Implicit Language Policies on Facebook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hendus, Ulrike

    2015-01-01

    The currently tested "See Translation" button can be considered an expression of Facebook's explicit language policy. It offers the users fast and easy translations of others' status updates and can therefore be seen as diminishing language barriers and reducing the need for a lingua franca in polylingual networks, thus enhancing…

  7. What You See Is Not What You Get

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White-McMahon, Meredith

    2010-01-01

    When upset, 15-year-old Peter overreacts, dumping verbal hostility on everyone, even those trying to help. Peter's attempt to see the principal--who was out of the office--led to an emotionally explosive crisis. In this life space crisis intervention (LSCI), staff calmly tried to help Peter clarify distorted reality. But patient questioning raised…

  8. Long-Term Seeing Characteristics at Big Bear Solar Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Denker, C.; Espinosa, O. D.; Nenow, J.; Marquette, W. H.

    2003-05-01

    We present observations of long-term seeing characteristics from June 1997 to September 2002 obtained with Seykora-type scintillometers at Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO). BBSO is an ideal site for ground-based campaign-style observations. Since BBSO is situated on a small island in a 2,000 m high mountain lake in the cloudless mountains of Souther California, it benefits from excellent seeing conditions all day long. The atmospheric turbulence that degrades images originates primarily from two layers near the ground and at the level of the jet stream. BBSO's dome is located at the end of a 300 m long causeway jutting into the lake. Since the lake, with its cool waters, provides a natural inversion, and the dome has three kilometers of open water to its west, the boundary layer seeing is effectively suppressed. In addition, the east-west orientation of the Big Bear Valley provides a natural channel for the prevailing winds from the west resulting in a nearly laminar flow at the observatory site. We present a comparison of scintillometer data with climate data and analyze a one year long sub-set for local seeing variations near the lake shore and at the observatory island. We would like to thank Jacques Beckers and the National Solar Observatory for providing the scintillometer data. This work was supported by NSF under grant ATM 00-86999, ATM 00-76602, and ATM 02-36945 and by NASA under grant NAG 5-9682.

  9. Seeing and being seen: Shame in the clinical situation.

    PubMed

    Steiner, John

    2015-12-01

    Shame may prevent the patient from emerging from a psychic retreat. As begins to do so he confronts two fears, first of seeing the object more clearly and second of being seen become prominent. Seeing leads to deeper and more distressing feelings connected with guilt and depression as the damage done to good objects is recognized. However it cannot be faced if shame leads to a demand for immediate relief. Shame is a prominent feature of the analytic situation and recognizing this may help the analyst to support his patients to tolerate the discomfort of being seen so that the conflicts about seeing can be worked through. Two clinical examples are briefly discussed. In the first feelings of inferiority lessened as they were analysed and allowed appreciative and depressive feelings to emerge. In the second embarrassment was associated with progress that the patient felt he had made but was embarrassed to admit. It is argued that the analysis of shame in the analytic situation is necessary so that being seen can be tolerated and allow the conflicts over seeing to be worked through. PMID:26481856

  10. 6. Detail, main floor, gullotine charging door with counterweights (see ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. Detail, main floor, gullotine charging door with counterweights (see #8 for section of furnace immediately below in basement). - Charlestown Navy Yard, Incinerator, Midway along northern boundary of Charlestown Navy Yard, on Little Mystic Channel, near junction of Eighteenth Street & Second Avenue, Boston, Suffolk County, MA

  11. 23. Old Crosscut Canal, Pedestrian Bridge Details, February 1975. See ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. Old Crosscut Canal, Pedestrian Bridge Details, February 1975. See photographs AZ-21-13 and AZ-21-14 for views of the completed bridge. Source: city of Phoenix Engineering Department. - Old Crosscut Canal, North Side of Salt River, Phoenix, Maricopa County, AZ

  12. The Eye as a Theoretician: Seeing Structures in Generalizing Activities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radford, Luis

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I focus on what can be termed "the domestication of the eye"--that is to say, the lengthy process during which we come to see and recognize things according to "efficient" cultural means. This is the process that converts the eye into a sophisticated intellectual organ--a "theoretician" as Marx put it. In particular, I focus on…

  13. Learning to See: Developing the Perception of an Expert Teacher

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schempp, Paul G.; Johnson, Sophie Woorons

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to identify the perceptual skills of expert teachers and offer suggestions for teachers to learn to see like an expert. Being able to perceptively read the critical cues in a learning environment allows teachers to recognize present problems, anticipate potential problems, link immediate problems with previously…

  14. Seeing and Hearing Students' Lived and Embodied Critical Literacy Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Elisabeth; Vasudevan, Lalitha

    2012-01-01

    In this article, the authors argue that teachers and researchers must expand current verbo- and logo-centric definitions of critical literacy to recognize how texts and responses are embodied. Ethnographic data illustrate the ways that youth perform critical literacy in ways that educators might not always be prepared to see, hear, or acknowledge.…

  15. "Twisted Beam" SEE Observations of Ionospheric Heating from HAARP

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Briczinski, S. J.; Bernhardt, P. A.; Pedersen, T. R.; Rodriguez, S.; SanAntonio, G.

    2012-12-01

    High power HF radio waves exciting the ionosphere provide aeronomers with a unique space-based laboratory capability. The High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) in Gakona, Alaksa is the world's largest heating facility, providing effective radiated powers in the gigawatt range. Experiments performed at HAARP have allowed researchers to study many non-linear effects of wave-plasma interactions. Stimulated Electromagnetic Emission (SEE) is of interest to the ionospheric community for its diagnostic purposes. Typical SEE experiments at HAARP have focused on characterizing the parametric decay of the electromagnetic pump wave into several different wave modes such as upper and lower hybrid, ion acoustic, ion-Bernstein and electron-Bernstein. These production modes have been extensively studied at HAARP using traditional beam heating patterns and SEE detection. New results are present from HAARP experiments using a "twisted beam" excitation mode. Unlike traditional heating beams used at HAARP or other heating facilities, the twisted beam attempts to impart orbital angular momentum (OAM) into the heating region. Analysis of twisted beam heating shows that the SEE results obtained are nearly identical to the modes without OAM. One difference in the twisted beam mode is the heating region produced is in the shape of a ring as opposed to the more traditional "solid spot" region. The ring heating pattern may be more conducive to the creation of artificial airglow layers. The results of these runs include artificial layer creation and evolution as pertaining to the twisted beam pattern. The SEE measurements aid the interpretation of the twisted beam interactions in the ionosphere.

  16. iSeeChange: Crowdsourced Climate Change Reporting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Drapkin, J. K.

    2012-12-01

    Directly engaging local communities about their climate change experiences has never been more important. As weather and climate become more unpredictable, these experiences provide a baseline for community decisions, developing adaptation strategies, and planning for the future. Typically, climate change is documented in a top-down fashion: a scientist has a question, makes observations, and publishes a study; in the best case scenario, a journalist reports on the results; if there's time, a local anecdote is sought to put the results in a familiar context. iSeeChange, a public media project funded by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, reports local environmental change in reverse and turns community questions and conversations with scientists into reported stories that promote opportunities to learn about climate change's affects on the environment and daily life. iSeeChange engages residents of the North Fork Valley region of western Colorado in a multiplatform conversation with scientists about how they perceive their environment is changing through the course of a year - season to season. By bringing together public radio, a mobile reporting and cellular engagement strategy, and a custom crowdsourcing multimedia platform, iSeeChange provides a central access point to collect observations (texts, photographs, voice recordings, and video), organize conversations and interviews with scientists, and report stories online and on air. In this way, iSeeChange is building a dynamic crowdsourced reservoir of information that can increase awareness of environmental problems and potentially disseminate useful information about climate change and successful adaptation strategies. Ultimately, by understanding the community's information needs in a localized question-driven context, the iSeeChange platform presents opportunities for the science community to better understand the value of information and develop better ways to tailor information for communities to use

  17. Layers of Seeing and Seeing through Layers: The Work of Art in the Age of Digital Imagery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruby, Louisa Wood

    2008-01-01

    In consulting on or creating a Web site designed to use works of art for teaching purposes, it is extremely important to be aware of the differences between seeing an artwork "in the flesh" and in reproduction. Museum educators are highly aware of this disparity and are therefore eager to have students visit museums to experience authentic works…

  18. Testing of the SEE and OEE post-hip fracture.

    PubMed

    Resnick, Barbara; Orwig, Denise; Zimmerman, Sheryl; Hawkes, William; Golden, Justine; Werner-Bronzert, Michelle; Magaziner, Jay

    2006-08-01

    The purpose of this study was to test the reliability and validity of the Self-Efficacy for Exercise (SEE) and the Outcome Expectations for Exercise (OEE) scales in a sample of 166 older women post-hip fracture. There was some evidence of validity of the SEE and OEE based on confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch model testing, criterion based and convergent validity, and evidence of internal consistency based on alpha coefficients and separation indices and reliability based on R2 estimates. Rasch model testing demonstrated that some items had high variability. Based on these findings suggestions are made for how items could be revised and the scales improved for future use. PMID:16829639

  19. See it with feeling: affective predictions during object perception

    PubMed Central

    Barrett, L.F.; Bar, Moshe

    2009-01-01

    People see with feeling. We ‘gaze’, ‘behold’, ‘stare’, ‘gape’ and ‘glare’. In this paper, we develop the hypothesis that the brain's ability to see in the present incorporates a representation of the affective impact of those visual sensations in the past. This representation makes up part of the brain's prediction of what the visual sensations stand for in the present, including how to act on them in the near future. The affective prediction hypothesis implies that responses signalling an object's salience, relevance or value do not occur as a separate step after the object is identified. Instead, affective responses support vision from the very moment that visual stimulation begins. PMID:19528014

  20. SEE Rate Estimation: Model Complexity and Data Requirements

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ladbury, Ray

    2008-01-01

    Statistical Methods outlined in [Ladbury, TNS20071 can be generalized for Monte Carlo Rate Calculation Methods Two Monte Carlo Approaches: a) Rate based on vendor-supplied (or reverse-engineered) model SEE testing and statistical analysis performed to validate model; b) Rate calculated based on model fit to SEE data Statistical analysis very similar to case for CREME96. Information Theory allows simultaneous consideration of multiple models with different complexities: a) Model with lowest AIC usually has greatest predictive power; b) Model averaging using AIC weights may give better performance if several models have similar good performance; and c) Rates can be bounded for a given confidence level over multiple models, as well as over the parameter space of a model.

  1. See Change: Classifying single observation transients from HST using SNCosmo

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sofiatti Nunes, Caroline; Perlmutter, Saul; Nordin, Jakob; Rubin, David; Lidman, Chris; Deustua, Susana E.; Fruchter, Andrew S.; Aldering, Greg Scott; Brodwin, Mark; Cunha, Carlos E.; Eisenhardt, Peter R.; Gonzalez, Anthony H.; Jee, Myungkook J.; Hildebrandt, Hendrik; Hoekstra, Henk; Santos, Joana; Stanford, S. Adam; Stern, Dana R.; Fassbender, Rene; Richard, Johan; Rosati, Piero; Wechsler, Risa H.; Muzzin, Adam; Willis, Jon; Boehringer, Hans; Gladders, Michael; Goobar, Ariel; Amanullah, Rahman; Hook, Isobel; Huterer, Dragan; Huang, Jiasheng; Kim, Alex G.; Kowalski, Marek; Linder, Eric; Pain, Reynald; Saunders, Clare; Suzuki, Nao; Barbary, Kyle H.; Rykoff, Eli S.; Meyers, Joshua; Spadafora, Anthony L.; Hayden, Brian; Wilson, Gillian; Rozo, Eduardo; Hilton, Matt; Dixon, Samantha; Yen, Mike

    2016-01-01

    The Supernova Cosmology Project (SCP) is executing "See Change", a large HST program to look for possible variation in dark energy using supernovae at z>1. As part of the survey, we often must make time-critical follow-up decisions based on multicolor detection at a single epoch. We demonstrate the use of the SNCosmo software package to obtain simulated fluxes in the HST filters for type Ia and core-collapse supernovae at various redshifts. These simulations allow us to compare photometric data from HST with the distribution of the simulated SNe through methods such as Random Forest, a learning method for classification, and Gaussian Kernel Estimation. The results help us make informed decisions about triggered follow up using HST and ground based observatories to provide time-critical information needed about transients. Examples of this technique applied in the context of See Change are shown.

  2. Preoperative surgical marking: a case of seeing double.

    PubMed

    Rughani, Milap; Kokkinakis, Michail; Davison, Marc

    2010-01-01

    Preoperative marking is an integral part of the care of patients undergoing surgical procedures. It occurs on a daily basis in hospitals and involves all members of the healthcare staff and the patient. Incorrect marking or errors can lead to devastating consequences for the patient and staff involved. We present an unusual case of seeing double arrows on a patient undergoing emergency orthopaedic surgery, despite standard preoperative marking procedures. This was recognised in the anaesthetic room and the correct site was confirmed. We aim to highlight this specific problem and remind all involved in preoperative marking of the dangers of a mirror imprint, thereby avoiding seeing double in the anaesthetic or operating room. PMID:22315636

  3. Laser Imaging Video Camera Sees Through Fire, Fog, Smoke

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2015-01-01

    Under a series of SBIR contracts with Langley Research Center, inventor Richard Billmers refined a prototype for a laser imaging camera capable of seeing through fire, fog, smoke, and other obscurants. Now, Canton, Ohio-based Laser Imaging through Obscurants (LITO) Technologies Inc. is demonstrating the technology as a perimeter security system at Glenn Research Center and planning its future use in aviation, shipping, emergency response, and other fields.

  4. Good Teachers (the Movie You Will Never See)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillard, Colleen

    2012-01-01

    It began with a trip to the cinema to see Cameron Diaz in her new comedy, "Bad Teacher." It was a bad choice. Not a great flick, but as a parody of bad employees, in terms of things that can get one fired--drugs, alcohol , cheating, foul language, inappropriate sexual behavior--Diaz slams pedal to the metal. She nips out of airline booze bottles…

  5. Solar Eruptive Events (SEE) Mission for the Next Solar Maximum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Robert P.; Krucker, S.; Caspi, A.; Hurford, G.; Dennis, B.; Holman, G.; Christe, S.; Shih, A. Y.; Bandler, S.; Davila, J.; Milligan, R.; Kahler, S.; Weidenbeck, M.; Doschek, G.; Vourlidas, A.; Share, G.; Raymond, J.; McConnell, M.; Emslie, G.

    2011-05-01

    Major solar eruptive events consisting of both a large flare and a near simultaneous large fast coronal mass ejection (CME), are the most powerful explosions and also the most powerful and energetic particle accelerators in the solar system, producing solar energetic particles (SEPs) up to tens of GeV for ions and 10s-100s of MeV for electrons. The intense fluxes of escaping SEPs are a major hazard for humans in space and for spacecraft. Furthermore, the solar plasma ejected at high speed in the fast CME completely restructures the interplanetary medium, producing the most extreme space weather in geospace, at other planets, and in the heliosphere. Thus, the understanding of the flare/CME energy release process and of the related particle acceleration processes in SEEs is a major goal in Heliophysics. Here we present a concept for a Solar Eruptive Events (SEE) mission, consisting of a comprehensive set of advanced new instruments on the single spacecraft in low Earth orbit, that focus directly on the coronal energy release and particle acceleration in flares and CMEs. SEE will provide new focussing hard X-ray imaging spectroscopy of energetic electrons in the flare acceleration region, new energetic neutral atom (ENA) imaging spectroscopy of SEPs being accelerated by the CME at altitudes above 2 solar radii, gamma-ray imaging spectroscopy of flare-accelerated energetic ions, plus detailed EUV/UV/Soft X-ray diagnostics of the plasmas density, temperature, and mass motions in the energy release and particle acceleration regions. Together with ground-based measurements of coronal magnetic fields from ATST, FASR, and COSMO, SEE will enable major breakthroughs in our understanding of the fundamental physical processes involved in major solar eruptive events.

  6. Seeing fearful body language rapidly freezes the observer's motor cortex.

    PubMed

    Borgomaneri, Sara; Vitale, Francesca; Gazzola, Valeria; Avenanti, Alessio

    2015-04-01

    Fearful body language is a salient signal alerting the observer to the presence of a potential threat in the surrounding environment. Although detecting potential threats may trigger an immediate reduction of motor output in animals (i.e., freezing behavior), it is unclear at what point in time similar reductions occur in the human motor cortex and whether they originate from excitatory or inhibitory processes. Using single-pulse and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), here we tested the hypothesis that the observer's motor cortex implements extremely fast suppression of motor readiness when seeing emotional bodies - and fearful body expressions in particular. Participants observed pictures of body postures and categorized them as happy, fearful or neutral while receiving TMS over the right or left motor cortex at 100-125 msec after picture onset. In three different sessions, we assessed corticospinal excitability, short intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF). Independently of the stimulated hemisphere and the time of the stimulation, watching fearful bodies suppressed ICF relative to happy and neutral body expressions. Moreover, happy expressions reduced ICF relative to neutral actions. No changes in corticospinal excitability or SICI were found during the task. These findings show extremely rapid bilateral modulation of the motor cortices when seeing emotional bodies, with stronger suppression of motor readiness when seeing fearful bodies. Our results provide neurophysiological support for the evolutionary notions that emotion perception is inherently linked to action systems and that fear-related cues induce an urgent mobilization of motor reactions. PMID:25835523

  7. Seeing yourself seeing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Azevedo, Isabel; Richardson, Martin; Sandford-Richardson, Elizabeth; Bernardo, Luis Miguel; Crespo, Helder

    2015-03-01

    Through two temporal modalities, the time of the holographic image (the performance recorded time) and the performance time of the public, we create "a new space for the image", whose structure is influenced by the holographic images and the public as performer. In the tension between the action space of the participants and the virtual space of holographic images, it exists the time image that goes beyond the issue of the movement and has a direct relationship with the participant's thought. In this series of digital holographic images and lenticulars, we are using an old camera Canon IS3 and a new HD Canon, on the HOLOrail, to capture old fashion scenes and other scenes having a "nowadays" look and put them on the surface of the holographic plate.

  8. Scaling theory of [Formula: see text] topological invariants.

    PubMed

    Chen, Wei; Sigrist, Manfred; Schnyder, Andreas P

    2016-09-14

    For inversion-symmetric topological insulators and superconductors characterized by [Formula: see text] topological invariants, two scaling schemes are proposed to judge topological phase transitions driven by an energy parameter. The scaling schemes renormalize either the phase gradient or the second derivative of the Pfaffian of the time-reversal operator, through which the renormalization group flow of the driving energy parameter can be obtained. The Pfaffian near the time-reversal invariant momentum is revealed to display a universal critical behavior for a great variety of models examined. PMID:27400801

  9. 23. Photocopy of ca. 1890 photograph showing DRAWING ROOM (see ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. Photocopy of ca. 1890 photograph showing DRAWING ROOM (see also PA-1524-12). Photographed during the occupancy of Dr. and Mrs. Erwin Agnew. Note the following furnishings: 1) Chandeliers, possibly by Cornelius and Sons of Philadelphia; 2) Ceiling painting at top of photocopy is copy of Guido Reni's Aurora, one of the two most popular Renaissance paintings in the mid-19th century; 3) Scagliola columns; 4) 'Turkish' upholstered chairs (typical of the period); 5) Neo-renaissance mirror at extreme left - Parry House, 1921 Arch Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

  10. Is [symbol: see text] Yasmin a "truly different" pill?

    PubMed

    2002-08-01

    A combined oral contraceptive (COC) containing the progestogen drospirenone (pronounced dro-spi-re-known) plus the oestrogen ethinylestradiol ([symbol: see text] Yasmin--Schering Health Care) is now available in the UK. Company advertising claims that Yasmin is "truly different", as reliable and safe as other COCs and is "the pill for well-being", with "no associated weight gain" and "a demonstrable positive effect" on premenstrual symptoms and skin condition. Such claims have also appeared in the lay media. Are they justified? PMID:12216337

  11. Multi-field of view see-spot optics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lilley, Scott; Vizgaitis, Jay; Everett, Jonathan; Spinazzola, Bob

    2012-06-01

    The increasing availability of sensors that can image in the 1-5 micron region has allowed for systems to be developed that utilize the full spectrum. Past MWIR systems have typically only imaged in the 3-5 micron region, but the new detectors allow imaging in the SWIR and MWIR bands with the same system. The use of a single FPA reduces SWAP and allows the user to see laser rangefinder and laser designator wavelengths. NVESD and Axsys have designed and built a SWIR/MWIR optical system that images in the 1-5 micron band. The optical system utilizes a cooled infrared detector that images in the 3-5 micron band as well as 1.04 - 1.08 and 1.54 microns without having to refocus the system to see the SWIR wavelengths. This provided an optical challenge to design a system that would image from 1-5 microns on the same detector. A combination reflective/refractive design was chosen in order to minimize packaging and meet the different FOV requirements. This paper discusses the design and development of a multi-FOV optical system with the capability to image across the 1-5 micron spectral band utilizing a combination of reflective and refractive components.

  12. Innovative system architecture for spatial volumetric acoustic seeing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Levin, Eugene; Sergeyev, Aleksandr V.

    2009-04-01

    Situational awareness is a critical issue for the modern battle and security systems improvement of which will increase human performance efficiency. There are multiple research project and development efforts based on omni-directional (fish-eye) electro-optical and other frequency sensor fusion systems implementing head-mounted visualization systems. However, the efficiency of these systems is limited by the human eye-brain system perception limitations. Humans are capable to naturally perceive the situations in front of them, but interpretation of omni-directional visual scenes increases the user's mental workload, increasing human fatigue and disorientation requiring more effort for object recognition. It is especially important to reduce this workload making rear scenes perception intuitive in battlefield situations where a combatant can be attacked from both directions. This paper describes an experimental model of the system fusion architecture of the Visual Acoustic Seeing (VAS) for representation spatial geometric 3D model in form of 3D volumetric sound. Current research in the area of auralization points to the possibility of identifying sound direction. However, for complete spatial perception it is necessary to identify the direction and the distance to an object by an expression of volumetric sound, we initially assume that the distance can be encoded by the sound frequency. The chain: object features -> sensor -> 3D geometric model-> auralization constitutes Volumetric Acoustic Seeing (VAS). Paper describes VAS experimental research for representing and perceiving spatial information by means of human hearing cues in more details.

  13. OWL site survey: first seeing measurement with ADIMM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Benkhaldoun, Zouhair; Abahamid, Abdelouahed; El Azhari, Youssef; Siher, El Arbi

    2004-10-01

    The ESO OWL site survey plan includes the analysis of the astronomical quality of the Atlas mountains in Morocco. In this paper we are presenting the first long time measurement of optical turbulence at Oukaimeden site. For this work we built an instrument called ADIMM for an Automated Differencial Image Motion Monitor, and we use it to the measure the optical turbulence at the Oukaimeden Site. We are describing the instrument and reporting the first results obtained after six month of working on this project. The results of night-time seeing measurements carried out during the period from Jun 14 up to October 01 2003 are presented. The median and mean values of the seeing for the entire period of observations are respectively 0.75" and 0.84". This work was organized in the framework of contract Num.69651/ODG/02/9005/GWI between the European Southern Observatory (ESO) and Astrophysics and Physics of High Energy Laboratory of the Faculty of Sciences, Cadi Ayyad University (LPHEA).

  14. Local thermal seeing modeling validation through observatory measurements

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vogiatzis, Konstantinos; Otarola, Angel; Skidmore, Warren; Travouillon, Tony; Angeli, George

    2012-09-01

    Dome and mirror seeing are critical effects influencing the optical performance of ground-based telescopes. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) can be used to obtain the refractive index field along a given optical path and calculate the corresponding image quality utilizing optical modeling tools. This procedure is validated using measurements from the Keck II and CFHT telescopes. CFD models of Keck II and CFHT observatories on the Mauna Kea summit have been developed. The detailed models resolve all components that can influence the flow pattern through turbulence generation or heat release. Unsteady simulations generate time records of velocity and temperature fields from which the refractive index field at a given wavelength and turbulence parameters are obtained. At Keck II the Cn2 and l0 (inner scale of turbulence) were monitored along a 63m path sensitive primarily to turbulence around the top ring of the telescope tube. For validation, these parameters were derived from temperature and velocity fluctuations obtained from CFD simulations. At CFHT dome seeing has been inferred from their database that includes telescope delivered Image Quality (IQ). For this case CFD simulations were run for specific orientations of the telescope respect to incoming wind, wind speeds and outside air temperature. For validation, temperature fluctuations along the optical beam from the CFD are turned to refractive index variations and corresponding Optical Path Differences (OPD) then to Point Spread Functions (PSF) that are ultimately compared to the record of IQ.

  15. "Twisted Beam" SEE Observations of Ionospheric Heating from HAARP

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Briczinski, S. J.; Bernhardt, P. A.; Siefring, C. L.; Han, S.-M.; Pedersen, T. R.; Scales, W. A.

    2015-10-01

    Nonlinear interactions of high power HF radio waves in the ionosphere provide aeronomers with a unique space-based laboratory capability. The High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) in Gakona, Alaska is the world's largest heating facility, yielding effective radiated powers in the gigawatt range. New results are present from HAARP experiments using a "twisted beam" excitation mode. Analysis of twisted beam heating shows that the SEE results obtained are identical to more traditional patterns. One difference in the twisted beam mode is the heating region produced is in the shape of a ring as opposed to the more traditional "solid spot" region from a pencil beam. The ring heating pattern may be more conducive to the creation of stable artificial airglow layers because of the horizontal structure of the ring. The results of these runs include artificial layer creation and evolution as pertaining to the twisted beam pattern. The SEE measurements aid the interpretation of the twisted beam interactions in the ionosphere.

  16. Virtex-II Pro SEE Test Methods and Results

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Petrick, David; Powell, Wesley; Howard, James

    2004-01-01

    The Xilinx Virtex-II Pro is a platform FPGA that embeds multiple microprocessors within the fabric of an SRAM-based reprogrammable FPGA. The variety and quantity of resources provided by this family of devices make them very attractive for spaceflight applications. However, these devices will be susceptible to single event effects (SEE), which must be mitigated. To use the Virtex-II Pro reliably in space applications, these devices must first be tested to determine if they are susceptible to single event latchup (SEL), the degree to which they are susceptible to single event upsets (SEU) and single event transients (SET), and how these effects are manifested in the device. With this information, mitigations schemes can be developed and tested that address the specific susceptiblities of these devices. This initial SEE test uses a commercial off the shelf Virtex-II Pro evaluation board, with a single processor XC2VP7 FPGA. The FPGA on this board is an acid etched device, which can be partially covered with a shield. The shield covers a portion of the logic, routing, and memory resources along with some of the RocketIO transceivers. The processor, along with a large portion of logic, routing, memory, and transceivers are left exposed. This test will be performed at the Cyclotron Laboratories at Texas A&M University and Michigan State University using ions of varying energy levels and fluencies.

  17. Seeing measurements with autonomous, short-baseline shadow band rangers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sliepen, Guus; Jägers, Aswin P. L.; Bettonvil, Felix C. M.; Hammerschlag, Robert H.

    2010-07-01

    There is growing interest in measuring seeing at existing and prospective telescope sites. Several methods exist to quantify seeing, one among them is by measuring the scintillation of solar or lunar light using a photodiode. A shadow band ranger (SHABAR) analyses the covariance of the signals from an array of such photodiodes, which allows for the spatial resolution of the index of refraction above the SHABAR device. This allows one to estimate the index of refraction structure parameter as a function of height, C2n(h). Although a SHABAR has a limited range compared to a differential image motion monitor (DIMM) or the latest wavefront sensors, the advantage is that it does not need telescope optics to work. A SHABAR device can be made very compact and can operate independent of other instruments. We describe the design of such a SHABAR device with six photodiodes that can operate virtually indefinitely without requiring human intervention. An inversion algorithm is used to convert the raw scintillation signals of the photodiodes to the desired C2n(h) profile and a value for the Fried parameter r0 at height zero. We show that it is possible to perform inversions of 10 s periods in real time on relatively low-end hardware, such as an Intel Atom based computer, which allows the results to be presented live to astronomers, who can use this information to help make decisions about their observation schedule.

  18. Virtex-II Pro SEE Test Methods and Results

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Petrick, David; Powell, Wesley; Howard, James W., Jr.; LaBel, Kenneth A.

    2004-01-01

    The objective of this coarse Single Event Effect (SEE) test is to determine the suitability of the commercial Virtex-II Pro family for use in spaceflight applications. To this end, this test is primarily intended to determine any Singe Event Latchup (SEL) susceptibilities for these devices. Secondly, this test is intended to measure the level of Single Event Upset (SEU) susceptibilities and in a general sense where they occur. The coarse SEE test was performed on a commercial XC2VP7 device, a relatively small single processor version of the Virtex-II Pro. As the XC2VP7 shares the same functional block design and fabrication process with the larger Virtex-II Pro devices, the results of this test should also be applicable to the larger devices. The XC2VP7 device was tested on a commercial Virtex-II Pro development board. The testing was performed at the Cyclotron laboratories at Texas A&M and Michigan State Universities using ions of varying energy levels and fluences.

  19. To see or not to see: a qualitative interview study of patients’ views on their own diagnostic images

    PubMed Central

    Carlin, Leslie E; Smith, Helen E; Henwood, Flis

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To ascertain what meaning individuals attach to perceiving images of their own interior body and how the images and their meanings affect the clinical consultation. Design Face-to-face semistructured interviews. Participants 25 adult patients in southern England who, within the preceding 12 months, had been referred for diagnostic imaging. Setting Community. Results For patients, being shown their own X-rays, MRIs or CT images creates a variety of effects: (1) a sense of better understanding of the diagnosis; (2) validation of their sensory and emotional response to the illness or injury and (3) an alteration to the tenor and nature of the clinical encounter between patient and physician. In addition to meanings attached to these images, patients also impute meaning to the physician's decision not to share an image with them. The desire to see their image was greater in those patients with a skeletal injury; patients are less keen on viewing abdominal or other soft tissue images. Conclusions Viewing images of one's interior, invisible body is powerful and resonant in a number of ways. The experience of not seeing, whether through the patient's or the physician's choice, is also fraught with meaning. PMID:25082418

  20. More Than Your Eyes Can See: SIRTF's Public Education Program

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thaller, M. L.; Bicay, M. D.; Daou, D.

    2000-12-01

    How do you communicate what infared radiation is to the public? The SIRTF Science Center has established a series of educational products based around the theme, "Infrared: More Than Your Eyes Can See." Students can discover infrared for themselves, using a classroom activity that replicates William Herschel's original 1800 experiment. We also have a video (free for educators) that uses the latest color infrared cameras to show students the contrast between visible and infrared light. For the web, we have websites that range from the general (a tutorial about infrared light) to the specific (links to infrared applications in geology, medicine, law inforcement, and astronomy). Visit our website or come by our booth to pick up an assortment of educational products, including slide sets, lithographs, posters, brochures, and videos.

  1. Seeing is Believing? Evidence from Property Prices in Inundated Areas.

    PubMed

    Atreya, Ajita; Ferreira, Susana

    2015-05-01

    We use hedonic property models to estimate the changes in implicit flood risk premium following a large flood event. Previous studies have used flood hazard maps to proxy flood risk. In addition to knowing whether a property lies in the floodplain, we use a unique data set with the flood inundation map. We find that the price discount for properties in the inundated area is substantially larger than in comparable properties in the floodplain that did not get inundated. This suggests that, in addition to capturing an information effect, the larger discount in inundated properties reflects potential uninsurable flood damages, and supports a hypothesis that homeowners respond better to what they have visualized ("seeing is believing"). PMID:25515187

  2. Ukaliq: Seeing Long-Term with Small, Precise Arctic Telescopes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Steinbring, Eric; Leckie, Brian; Murowinski, Rick

    2015-04-01

    Time-domain astrophysics benefits from extreme-latitude sites, which can combine intrinsically extended nighttime with good sky conditions. One such location is the Polar Environment Atmospheric Research Laboratory (PEARL), at 80° North latitude, on the northwestern edge of Ellesmere Island, Canada. Experience gained deploying seeing monitors there has been incorporated into an automated system called “Ukaliq” after the common arctic hare, which is also very well suited to its local environment. Even with modest aperture, high photometric reliability may be achieved using simple adaptive optics together with observing strategies that best fit the unique set of advantages available at PEARL: excellent image quality maintained during many clear, calm, dark periods of 100 hours or more. A potential multi-year search for gravitational microlensing of quasars with Ukaliq helps illustrate this niche in the era of large wide-field survey facilities.

  3. Seeing it coming: infants' brain responses to looming danger

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van der Weel, F. R. (Ruud); van der Meer, Audrey L. H.

    2009-12-01

    A fundamental property of most animals is the ability to see whether an object is approaching on a direct collision course and, if so, when it will collide. Using high-density electroencephalography in 5- to 11-month-old infants and a looming stimulus approaching under three different accelerations, we investigated how the young human nervous system extracts and processes information for impending collision. Here, we show that infants’ looming related brain activity is characterised by theta oscillations. Source analyses reveal clear localised activity in the visual cortex. Analysing the temporal dynamics of the source waveform, we provide evidence that the temporal structure of different looming stimuli is sustained during processing in the more mature infant brain, providing infants with increasingly veridical time-to-collision information about looming danger as they grow older and become more mobile.

  4. Seeing Earth Through the Eyes of an Astronaut

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dawson, Melissa

    2014-01-01

    The Human Exploration Science Office within the ARES Directorate has undertaken a new class of handheld camera photographic observations of the Earth as seen from the International Space Station (ISS). For years, astronauts have attempted to describe their experience in space and how they see the Earth roll by below their spacecraft. Thousands of crew photographs have documented natural features as diverse as the dramatic clay colors of the African coastline, the deep blues of the Earth's oceans, or the swirling Aurora Borealis of Australia in the upper atmosphere. Dramatic recent improvements in handheld digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera capabilities are now allowing a new field of crew photography: night time-lapse imagery.

  5. WYSIWYG (What You See is What You Get) volume visualization.

    PubMed

    Guo, Hanqi; Mao, Ningyu; Yuan, Xiaoru

    2011-12-01

    In this paper, we propose a volume visualization system that accepts direct manipulation through a sketch-based What You See Is What You Get (WYSIWYG) approach. Similar to the operations in painting applications for 2D images, in our system, a full set of tools have been developed to enable direct volume rendering manipulation of color, transparency, contrast, brightness, and other optical properties by brushing a few strokes on top of the rendered volume image. To be able to smartly identify the targeted features of the volume, our system matches the sparse sketching input with the clustered features both in image space and volume space. To achieve interactivity, both special algorithms to accelerate the input identification and feature matching have been developed and implemented in our system. Without resorting to tuning transfer function parameters, our proposed system accepts sparse stroke inputs and provides users with intuitive, flexible and effective interaction during volume data exploration and visualization. PMID:22034329

  6. Do we see what we should see? Describing non-covalent interactions in protein structures including precision.

    PubMed

    Gurusaran, Manickam; Shankar, Mani; Nagarajan, Raju; Helliwell, John R; Sekar, Kanagaraj

    2014-01-01

    The power of X-ray crystal structure analysis as a technique is to 'see where the atoms are'. The results are extensively used by a wide variety of research communities. However, this 'seeing where the atoms are' can give a false sense of security unless the precision of the placement of the atoms has been taken into account. Indeed, the presentation of bond distances and angles to a false precision (i.e. to too many decimal places) is commonplace. This article has three themes. Firstly, a basis for a proper representation of protein crystal structure results is detailed and demonstrated with respect to analyses of Protein Data Bank entries. The basis for establishing the precision of placement of each atom in a protein crystal structure is non-trivial. Secondly, a knowledge base harnessing such a descriptor of precision is presented. It is applied here to the case of salt bridges, i.e. ion pairs, in protein structures; this is the most fundamental place to start with such structure-precision representations since salt bridges are one of the tenets of protein structure stability. Ion pairs also play a central role in protein oligomerization, molecular recognition of ligands and substrates, allosteric regulation, domain motion and α-helix capping. A new knowledge base, SBPS (Salt Bridges in Protein Structures), takes these structural precisions into account and is the first of its kind. The third theme of the article is to indicate natural extensions of the need for such a description of precision, such as those involving metalloproteins and the determination of the protonation states of ionizable amino acids. Overall, it is also noted that this work and these examples are also relevant to protein three-dimensional structure molecular graphics software. PMID:25075321

  7. 1. COMPARISON OF PLANS, SHOWING KONGENSGADE 6 (see photograph VI50 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. COMPARISON OF PLANS, SHOWING KONGENSGADE 6 (see photograph VI-50 50-2 for elevation), KONGENSGADE 8 (see photograph VI-50-3 for elevation), KONGENSGADE 9 (see photograph VI-50-3 for elevation), KONGENSGADE 17 (see photograph VI-50-5 for elevation), KONGENSGADE 56 (see photograph VI-50-8 for elevation), & KONGENSGADE 57 (see photograph VI-50-9 for elevation) - King Street Area Study, Kongensgade 5-18, 36, 37B, 51-58 (Houses), 5-18, 36-37B, 51-58 King Street, Frederiksted, St. Croix, VI

  8. Seeing the Wood for the Trees: Learning to Teach beyond the Curriculum. How Can Student Teachers Be Helped to See beyond the National Literacy Strategy?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Twiselton, Samantha

    2007-01-01

    "With the NLS--they can see how everything is important if we want our English to be good and it's helped me to see it that way too. Before, we just used to see it all separately. This way is much better" (Rebecca Graham, Year 4 English specialist after Final Block Placement). This quote was collected in the final stage of a study involving…

  9. How the Maori community sees the dental-care system.

    PubMed

    Edward, S J

    1992-10-01

    This report has addressed the question of how the Maori community sees the system of oral health care by indicating the complex factors influencing the Maori community's attitude toward health issues. These factors preclude the Maori community from many of the perceived benefits of the present oral health-care system. There is a need in this current climate of debate over health policies to re-focus on primary prevention policies that will be relevant to the Maori community of today. No one is seen in the Maori community to be articulating concern for oral health issues. The challenge for the Dental Council of New Zealand is how then to create a focus on oral health issues within the Maori community, and to actively promote oral health care and encourage usage of a system that is affordable, available, accessible, and appropriate. Practical and relevant recommendations arising from Rapuora: Health and Maori Women 1984 and the Hui Hauora Mokopuna, 1990(10) should be considered when planning future health-care systems. Health was one of the four key areas highlighted in the Ka Awatea report, and it will be an important feature of the work of the new Ministry of Maori Development. It is timely that the Dental Council of New Zealand and the Ministry of Maori Development should facilitate oral health-care systems for the future in partnership with the Maori community. PMID:1484641

  10. Radiation microscope for SEE testing using GeV ions.

    SciTech Connect

    Doyle, Barney Lee; Knapp, James Arthur; Rossi, Paolo; Hattar, Khalid M.; Vizkelethy, Gyorgy; Brice, David Kenneth; Branson, Janelle V.

    2009-09-01

    Radiation Effects Microscopy is an extremely useful technique in failure analysis of electronic parts used in radiation environment. It also provides much needed support for development of radiation hard components used in spacecraft and nuclear weapons. As the IC manufacturing technology progresses, more and more overlayers are used; therefore, the sensitive region of the part is getting farther and farther from the surface. The thickness of these overlayers is so large today that the traditional microbeams, which are used for REM are unable to reach the sensitive regions. As a result, higher ion beam energies have to be used (> GeV), which are available only at cyclotrons. Since it is extremely complicated to focus these GeV ion beams, a new method has to be developed to perform REM at cyclotrons. We developed a new technique, Ion Photon Emission Microscopy, where instead of focusing the ion beam we use secondary photons emitted from a fluorescence layer on top of the devices being tested to determine the position of the ion hit. By recording this position information in coincidence with an SEE signal we will be able to indentify radiation sensitive regions of modern electronic parts, which will increase the efficiency of radiation hard circuits.

  11. Do Patients and Dentists See Ethics the Same Way?

    PubMed

    Chambers, David W

    2015-01-01

    The most common approach to ethics in dentistry and bioethics generally is through principles. To be effective, principles must be interpreted in particular situations, and the skill of interpretation requires many years of practice with feedback. The opinions of 91 dentists and 54 patients regarding multiple potential actions and justifications for these actions were gathered for eight dental ethics cases. The summary responses of dentists and patients have been integrated as feedback in an online ethics education exercise that individual dentists can use (see www.dental ethics.org/idea). The dataset of responses was also analyzed for general findings. It emerged that patients and dentists agree to a substantial extent on the average approaches, but they differ systematically on certain of the details. Some ethical issues stimulated a narrow range of responses while others, especially those of a nonclinical nature were regarded as ambiguous and are thus good candidates for future ethics training. A factor analysis revealed a five-dimension structure underlying dental ethics. Patients are most apt to view dentistry using a lens of oral health outcomes while practitioners prefer to stress the process and the technical dimensions of practice. The largest area of difference was patients' much greater interest in dentists assuming an active role as patient oral health advocates with their colleagues. PMID:26562981

  12. Seeing the Light (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    SciTech Connect

    Brunger, Axel; Segalman, Rachel; Westphal, Andrew

    2011-09-12

    Berkeley Lab's Science at the Theater event "Seeing the Light" took place on Sept 12, 2011, at Berkeley Repertory's Roda Theatre. Learn how the Advanced Light Source is improving medicine, paving the way for clean energy, changing the future of computers, and much more. Featured speakers are Berkeley Lab's Roger Falcone, Rachel Segalman, Andrew Westphal, and Stanford University's Axel Brunger. Rachel Segalman: The future of clean energy technology relies on a better understanding of materials at the nanoscale. Berkeley Lab's Rachel Segalman uses the ALS to conduct this research, which could lead to improved photovoltaics and fuel cells. Axel Brunger: Improved treatment for human diseases hinges on understanding molecular-scale processes. Stanford University's Axel Brunger will discuss a new melanoma drug that was developed by a local company, Plexxikon, using the ALS for X-ray data collection. Andrew Westphal: What's comet dust made of? Andrew Westphal of UC Berkeley's Space Sciences Laboratory uses the ALS to study comet dust and interplanetary space dust collected by a NASA spacecraft. Moderated by Roger Falcone, Division Director of the Advanced Light Source

  13. Emergency providers see big potential for Google Glass.

    PubMed

    2014-05-01

    Emergency providers are among the first in health care to experiment with Google Glass, a computer that is worn like a traditional set of glasses, enabling clinicians to pull up critical information from a patient's electronic medical record (EMR) or call for assistance without looking away from the patient. Special applications of the device can also be used to facilitate telemedicine consults with specialists while patients are still in the ED. According to early users, protecting patient privacy has not been a problem in early applications of the device. However, state-level laws remain a barrier to large-scale implementation of the technology in some regions. Emergency providers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, MA, see Google Glass as another platform for their ED information system. The approach is being used to facilitate hands-free communications and to expedite workflow. At Rhode Island Hospital in Providence, RI, emergency providers are testing a telemedicine application for Glass that enables providers to connect patients with off-site dermatologists while they are still in the ED, eliminating the need for additional specialty appointments. Early users believe that Glass and similar innovations will eventually play a strong role in preventing readmissions by providing remote care to patients--especially in the first few days following discharge from the hospital or ED. PMID:24897783

  14. Robotic SLODAR Development for Seeing Evaluation at the Bohyun Observatory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, J.; Wilson, R.; Butterley, T.; Choi, Y.; Lee, S.

    We had developed a robotic SLODAR (SLOpe Detection And Ranging) for characterization of the vertical profile of atmospheric optical turbulence at the Bohyun observatory, South Korea. The SLODAR had been developed in partnership between Kongju National Univ. South Korea and Durham Univ., U.K. The SLODAR instrument consists of a robotic 50 cm telescope feeding into a pair of Shack Hartmann wavefront sensors. SLODAR analysis of the wavefront sensor data yields turbulence profiles of the surface layer of turbulence, with the vertical resolution depending on the separation and elevation of the target stars.The total seeing ( r0 ) is also measured, and by subtracting the directly measured turbulence from the total the unresolved strength (above the maximum sensing altitude) can also be determined. The instrument has two observing modes, "wide" and "narrow" depending on the angular sepration of pairs of stars. In wide mode regime, narrower targets are chosen ( 2 ~ 4 arcmin) such that the ground layer profile is measured up to ~500m. In narrow mode, very narrow targets (10 ~ 15 arcsec) are measured to provide the turbulence profile with coarse resolution up to ~6km. The automated SLODAR turbulence profiler at the Boyun Observatory is currently under remote and robotic operation since last June. We reports herein the development of the SLODAR with first observation results.

  15. The solar seeing monitor MISOLFA: presentation and first results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Irbah, A.; Corbard, T.; Assus, P.; Borgnino, J.; Dufour, C.; Ikhlef, R.; Martin, F.; Meftah, M.; Morand, F.; Renaud, C.; Simon, E.

    2010-07-01

    PICARD is a space mission developed to observe the Sun at high angular resolution. One of the main space objectives of PICARD is to measure the solar diameter with few milli arc-seconds accuracy. A replica of the space instrument will be installed at Calern Observatory in order to test our ability to make such measurement from ground with enough accuracy. High angular resolution observations with ground-based instrument are however limited by atmospheric turbulence. The seeing monitor MISOLFA is developed to give all observation conditions at the same moments when solar images will be recorded with the twin PICARD instruments. They will be used to link ground and space measurements. An overview of the PICARD mission and the solar ground-based experiments will be rst given. Optical properties of MISOLFA will be after presented. The basic principles to measure atmospheric parameters and the methods used to obtain them from solar images will be given. Finally, some recent results obtained at Calern Observatory will be presented and discussed.

  16. Do Peers See More in a Paper Than Its Authors?

    PubMed Central

    Divoli, Anna; Nakov, Preslav; Hearst, Marti A.

    2012-01-01

    Recent years have shown a gradual shift in the content of biomedical publications that is freely accessible, from titles and abstracts to full text. This has enabled new forms of automatic text analysis and has given rise to some interesting questions: How informative is the abstract compared to the full-text? What important information in the full-text is not present in the abstract? What should a good summary contain that is not already in the abstract? Do authors and peers see an article differently? We answer these questions by comparing the information content of the abstract to that in citances—sentences containing citations to that article. We contrast the important points of an article as judged by its authors versus as seen by peers. Focusing on the area of molecular interactions, we perform manual and automatic analysis, and we find that the set of all citances to a target article not only covers most information (entities, functions, experimental methods, and other biological concepts) found in its abstract, but also contains 20% more concepts. We further present a detailed summary of the differences across information types, and we examine the effects other citations and time have on the content of citances. PMID:23227044

  17. Engineering a visual system for seeing through fog

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Larimer, J.; Pavel, M.; Ahumada, A.; Sweet, B.

    1992-01-01

    We examine the requirements for on-board aircraft sensor systems that would allow pilots to 'see through' poor weather, especially fog, and land and rollout aircraft under conditions that currently cause flight cancellations and airport closures. Three visual aspects of landing and rollout are distinguished: guidance, hazard detection and hazard recognition. The visual features which support the tasks are discussed. Three broad categories of sensor technology are examined: passive millimeter wave (PMMW), imaging radar, and passive infrared (IR). PMMW and imaging radar exhibit good weather penetration, but poor spatial and temporal resolution. Imaging radar exhibits good weather penetration, but typically relies on a flat-earth assumption which can lead to interpretive errors. PMMW systems have a narrow field of view. IR has poorer weather penetration but good spatial resolution. We recommend using both millimeter-wave and infrared sensor systems, blending the images using multiresolution digital-image pyramid-processing technology, and fusing the resulting real-time images with stored database imagery of the same scene.

  18. Is Seeing Believing? Perceptions of Wildfire Risk Over Time.

    PubMed

    Champ, Patricia A; Brenkert-Smith, Hannah

    2016-04-01

    Ongoing challenges to understanding how hazard exposure and disaster experiences influence perceived risk lead us to ask: Is seeing believing? We approach risk perception by attending to two components of overall risk perception: perceived probability of an event occurring and perceived consequences if an event occurs. Using a two-period longitudinal data set collected from a survey of homeowners living in a fire-prone area of Colorado, we find that study participants' initial high levels of perceived probability and consequences of a wildfire did not change substantially after extreme wildfire events in the intervening years. More specifically, perceived probability of a wildfire changed very little, whereas the perceived consequences of a wildfire went up a bit. In addition, models of risk perceptions show that the two components of overall risk perception are correlated with somewhat different factors, and experience is not found to be one of the strongest correlates with perceived risk. These results reflect the importance of distinguishing the components of overall risk and modeling them separately to facilitate additional insights into the complexities of risk perceptions, factors related to perceived risk, and change in risk perceptions over time. PMID:26268447

  19. Emodin Decreases Hepatic Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1[Formula: see text] by Inhibiting its Biosynthesis.

    PubMed

    Ma, Feifei; Hu, Lijuan; Yu, Ming; Wang, Feng

    2016-01-01

    Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is an [Formula: see text] dimeric transcription factor. Because HIF-1[Formula: see text] is instable with oxygen, HIF-1 is scarce in normal mammalian cells. However, HIF-1[Formula: see text] is expressed in pathological conditions such as cancer and obesity. Inhibiting HIF-1[Formula: see text] may be of therapeutic value for these pathologies. Here, we investigated whether emodin, derived from the herb of Rheum palmatum L, which is also known as Chinese rhubarb, and is native to China, regulates HIF-1[Formula: see text] expression. Male C57BL/6 mice without or with diet-induced obesity were treated with emodin for two weeks, while control mice were treated with vehicle. HIF-1[Formula: see text] expression was determined by Western blot. We found that emodin inhibited obesity-induced HIF-1[Formula: see text] expression in liver and skeletal muscle but did not regulate HIF-1[Formula: see text] expression in the kidneys or in intra-abdominal fat. In vitro, emodin inhibited HIF-1[Formula: see text] expression in human HepG2 hepatic cells and Y1 adrenocortical cells. Further, we investigated the mechanisms of HIF-1[Formula: see text] expression in emodin-treated HepG2 cells. First, we found that HIF-1[Formula: see text] had normal stability in the presence of emodin. Thus, emodin did not decrease HIF-1[Formula: see text] by stimulating its degradation. Importantly, emodin decreased the activity of the signaling pathways that led to HIF-1[Formula: see text] biosynthesis. Interestingly, emodin increased HIF-1[Formula: see text] mRNA in HepG2 cells. This may be a result of feedback in response to the emodin-induced decrease in the protein of HIF-1[Formula: see text]. In conclusion, emodin decreases hepatic HIF-1[Formula: see text] by inhibiting its biosynthesis. PMID:27430909

  20. What Can We Learn From Proton Recoils about Heavy-Ion SEE Sensitivity?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ladbury, Raymond L.

    2016-01-01

    The fact that protons cause single-event effects (SEE) in most devices through production of light-ion recoils has led to attempts to bound heavy-ion SEE susceptibility through use of proton data. Although this may be a viable strategy for some devices and technologies, the data must be analyzed carefully and conservatively to avoid over-optimistic estimates of SEE performance. We examine the constraints that proton test data can impose on heavy-ion SEE susceptibility.

  1. 29 CFR 1918.61 - General (See also appendix IV of this part).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

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  2. 29 CFR 1918.61 - General (See also appendix IV of this part).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false General (See also appendix IV of this part). 1918.61... and Equipment Other Than Ship's Gear § 1918.61 General (See also appendix IV of this part). (a... initial use (see Table A in paragraph (f)(2) of this section). In addition, any special stevedoring...

  3. 29 CFR 1918.61 - General (See also appendix IV of this part).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General (See also appendix IV of this part). 1918.61... and Equipment Other Than Ship's Gear § 1918.61 General (See also appendix IV of this part). (a... initial use (see Table A in paragraph (f)(2) of this section). In addition, any special stevedoring...

  4. 29 CFR 1918.61 - General (See also appendix IV of this part).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false General (See also appendix IV of this part). 1918.61... and Equipment Other Than Ship's Gear § 1918.61 General (See also appendix IV of this part). (a... initial use (see Table A in paragraph (f)(2) of this section). In addition, any special stevedoring...

  5. 29 CFR 1918.61 - General (See also appendix IV of this part).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false General (See also appendix IV of this part). 1918.61... and Equipment Other Than Ship's Gear § 1918.61 General (See also appendix IV of this part). (a... initial use (see Table A in paragraph (f)(2) of this section). In addition, any special stevedoring...

  6. Normal growth of the "see-through" medaka.

    PubMed

    Iwamatsu, Takashi; Nakamura, Hitomi; Ozato, Kenjiro; Wakamatsu, Yuko

    2003-05-01

    The see-through stock in the medaka Oryzias latipes, causes pigments to be absent from the whole body and has a transparent body in the adult stage as well as during embryonic stages. To establish a standard table of growth stages for this model fish, morphological features were examined during the growing period from hatching to adulthood. The main observations were performed on morphological changes in external and internal organs that could be seen through the body wall of the living fish during growth. Finally, five growth stages from just after hatching to the adult stage were defined on the basis of synchronized or definite changes in morphology as follows: (1) stage 40 in which the nodes (joints) in bony rays of the caudal and pectoral fins first appear, (2) the stage 41 in which the ribs and the anal, dorsal and ventral fins are formed by degeneration of the membrane fin folds, as recognized by the first appearance of nodes in the fin rays of the anal, pectoral and dorsal fins, and the parallel distribution of the dorsal artery and ventral vein of the tail, (3) stage 42 in which the 2-spiral pattern of the gut, the ray nodes in the ventral fins, and the scales first appear, (4) stage 43 in which early secondary sexual characters such as urinogenital protruberances (female) and papillar processes (male) appear, (5) stage 44 in which the 3-spiral pattern of the gut and the papillar process on the 2nd ray of pectral fins (male) appear. PMID:12777831

  7. Can we see living structure in a cell?

    PubMed

    Ling, G N

    1992-06-01

    Colloid chemistry (kappa o lambda lambda alpha: glue, or gelatin) was introduced in 1861 after the discovery of protoplasm which exhibits gelatin-like properties. Some 80 years later, colloid chemistry (and with it, the concept of protoplasm) was largely abandoned. The membrane (pump) theory, according to which cell water and cell solute like K+ are free as in a dilute KCl solution, became dominant. Later studies revealed that rejecting the protoplasmic approach to cell physiology was not justified. Evidence against the membrane (pump) theory, on the other hand, has stood the test of time. In a new theory of the living cell called the association-induction (AI) hypothesis, the three major components of the living cell (water, proteins and K+) are closely associated; together they exist in a high-(negative)-energy-low entropy state called the living state. The bulk of cell water is adsorbed as polarized multilayers on some fully extended protein chains, and K+ is adsorbed singly on beta- and gamma-carboxyl groups carried on aspartic and glutamic residues of cell proteins. Extensive evidence in support of the AI hypothesis is reviewed. From an extension of the basic concepts of the AI hypothesis and the new knowledge on primary structure of the proteins, one begins to understand at long last what distinguishes gelatin from other proteins; in this new light, new definitions of protoplasm and of colloid chemistry have been introduced. With the return of the concept of protoplasm, living structure takes on renewed significance, linking cell anatomy to cell physiology. Finally, evidence is presented showing that electron microscopists have come close to seeing cell structure in its living state. PMID:1462129

  8. Can we see living structure in a cell?

    PubMed

    Ling, Gilbert N

    2014-01-01

    Colloid chemistry (κολλα: glue, or gelatin) was introduced in 1861 after the discovery of protoplasm, which exhibits gelatin-like properties. Some 80 years later, colloid chemistry (and with it, the concept of protoplasm) was largely abandoned. The membrane (pump) theory, according to which cell water and cell solute like K+ are free as in a dilute KC1 solution, became dominant. Later studies revealed that rejecting the protoplasmic approach to cell physiology was not justified. Evidence against the membrane (pump) theory, on the other hand, has stood the test of time. In a new theory of the living cell called the association-induction (AI) hypothesis, the three major components of the living cell (water, proteins and K+) are closely associated; together they exist in a high- (negative)-energy-low entropy state called the living state. The bulk of cell water is adsorbed as polarized multilayers on some fully extended protein chains, and K+ is adsorbed singly on β- and γ-carboxyl groups carried on aspartic and glutamic residues of cell proteins. Extensive evidence in support of the AI hypothesis is reviewed. From an extension of the basic concepts of the AI hypothesis and the new knowledge on primary structure of the proteins, one begins to understand at long last what distinguishes gelatin from other proteins; in this new light, new definitions of protoplasm and of colloid chemistry have been introduced. With the return of the concept of protoplasm, living structure takes on renewed significance, linking cell anatomy to cell physiology. Finally, evidence is presented showing that electron microscopists have come close to seeing cell structure in its living state. PMID:25854101

  9. Health and impact assessment: Are we seeing closer integration?

    SciTech Connect

    Morgan, Richard K.

    2011-07-15

    Health has always had a place in wider impact assessment activities, from the earliest days of the National Environmental Policy Act in the United States. However, early thinking tended to focus on health protection and environmental health issues, especially in relation to the effects of pollution. The adoption of wider models of health was reflected in impact assessment circles from the early 1990s, with particular emphasis on an integrated approach to impact assessment, especially at the project level, which would see health impact assessment benefiting from working with other forms of impact assessment, such as social and ecological. Yet twenty years later, integration still seems a distant prospect in many countries. In this paper I examine the case for integrating health considerations within the wider IA process, discuss some of the problems that have historically restricted progress towards this end, and explore the degree to which impact assessment practitioners have been successful in seeking to improve the consideration of health in IA. In New Zealand, project-level impact assessment is based on an integrated model under the Resource Management Act. In addition, HIA was recognised in the early 1990s as a valuable addition to the toolkit for project assessment. Since then policy-level HIA has grown supported by extensive capacity building. If health is being integrated into wider impact assessment, it should be happening in New Zealand where so many enabling conditions are met. Three major project proposals from New Zealand are examined, to characterise the broad trends in HIA development in New Zealand in the last ten years and to assess the degree to which health concerns are being reflected in wider impact assessments. The findings are discussed in the context of the issues outlined in the early part of the paper.

  10. Designing the SALT facility to minimize dome seeing effects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    de Kock, Mariana; Venter, Sarel J.

    2003-02-01

    Aspects of the design and experience of the Hobby-Eberly Telescope (HET) were incorporated in the SALT facility design. The characteristics of the local environment were taken into account to ensure a building that is cost effective and functional. The effect of heat from the control room and other warm areas were studied and their locations changed to limit thermal effects. A steel false floor, incorporating forced ventilation and extending around the telescope azimuth pier, was installed. This prevents heat radiating from large concrete surfaces with temperatures potentially higher than ambient. Because site testing (i.e. micro thermal measurements) indicated high turbulence within ~5 m of the ground level, the telescope and pier were raised to improve dome seeing. The SALT site is significantly windy all year round (median velocity = 4.8 m/s), and this was utilized to design better ventilation of the facility using adjustable louvers for natural ventilation. Results of a computational fluid dynamic analysis (CFD) are presented which show an adequate temperature distribution at wind speeds as low as 0.5 m/s. The telescope chamber and dome are build out of insulation panels to ensure low thermal losses during the day when the chamber is air conditioned and thus limit electricity consumption and thermal gradients. Large equipment that emit heat or vibration are housed in a separate utility building 50 m from the telescope in the non-prevailing wind direction in order to limit their effect on the telescope. Vented air from the building is also released at this site.

  11. Comparison of optical and video see-through, head-mounted displays

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rolland, Jannick P.; Holloway, Richard L.; Fuchs, Henry

    1995-12-01

    One of the most promising and challenging future uses of head-mounted displays (HMDs) is in applications where virtual environments enhance rather than replace real environments. To obtain an enhanced view of the real environment, the user wears a see-through HMD to see 3D computer-generated objects superimposed on his/her real-world view. This see-through capability can be accomplished using either an optical or a video see-through HMD. We discuss the tradeoffs between optical and video see-through HMDs with respect to technological, perceptual, and human factors issues, and discuss our experience designing, building, using, and testing these HMDs.

  12. You Don't See What I See: Individual Differences in the Perception of Meaning from Visual Stimuli.

    PubMed

    Partos, Timea R; Cropper, Simon J; Rawlings, David

    2016-01-01

    Everyone has their own unique version of the visual world and there has been growing interest in understanding the way that personality shapes one's perception. Here, we investigated meaningful visual experiences in relation to the personality dimension of schizotypy. In a novel approach to this issue, a non-clinical sample of subjects (total n = 197) were presented with calibrated images of scenes, cartoons and faces of varying visibility embedded in noise; the spatial properties of the images were constructed to mimic the natural statistics of the environment. In two experiments, subjects were required to indicate what they saw in a large number of unique images, both with and without actual meaningful structure. The first experiment employed an open-ended response paradigm and used a variety of different images in noise; the second experiment only presented a series of faces embedded in noise, and required a forced-choice response from the subjects. The results in all conditions indicated that a high positive schizotypy score was associated with an increased tendency to perceive complex meaning in images comprised purely of random visual noise. Individuals high in positive schizotypy seemed to be employing a looser criterion (response bias) to determine what constituted a 'meaningful' image, while also being significantly less sensitive at the task than those low in positive schizotypy. Our results suggest that differences in perceptual performance for individuals high in positive schizotypy are not related to increased suggestibility or susceptibility to instruction, as had previously been suggested. Instead, the observed reductions in sensitivity along with increased response bias toward seeing something that is not there, indirectly implicated subtle neurophysiological differences associated with the personality dimension of schizotypy, that are theoretically pertinent to the continuum of schizophrenia and hallucination-proneness. PMID:26954696

  13. You Don’t See What I See: Individual Differences in the Perception of Meaning from Visual Stimuli

    PubMed Central

    Partos, Timea R.; Cropper, Simon J.; Rawlings, David

    2016-01-01

    Everyone has their own unique version of the visual world and there has been growing interest in understanding the way that personality shapes one’s perception. Here, we investigated meaningful visual experiences in relation to the personality dimension of schizotypy. In a novel approach to this issue, a non-clinical sample of subjects (total n = 197) were presented with calibrated images of scenes, cartoons and faces of varying visibility embedded in noise; the spatial properties of the images were constructed to mimic the natural statistics of the environment. In two experiments, subjects were required to indicate what they saw in a large number of unique images, both with and without actual meaningful structure. The first experiment employed an open-ended response paradigm and used a variety of different images in noise; the second experiment only presented a series of faces embedded in noise, and required a forced-choice response from the subjects. The results in all conditions indicated that a high positive schizotypy score was associated with an increased tendency to perceive complex meaning in images comprised purely of random visual noise. Individuals high in positive schizotypy seemed to be employing a looser criterion (response bias) to determine what constituted a ‘meaningful’ image, while also being significantly less sensitive at the task than those low in positive schizotypy. Our results suggest that differences in perceptual performance for individuals high in positive schizotypy are not related to increased suggestibility or susceptibility to instruction, as had previously been suggested. Instead, the observed reductions in sensitivity along with increased response bias toward seeing something that is not there, indirectly implicated subtle neurophysiological differences associated with the personality dimension of schizotypy, that are theoretically pertinent to the continuum of schizophrenia and hallucination-proneness. PMID:26954696

  14. Chandra Sees Shape of Universe During Formative, Adolescent Years

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2003-03-01

    Scientists using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have taken a snapshot of the adolescent universe from about five billion years ago when the familiar web-like structure of galaxy chains and voids first emerged. The observation reveals distant and massive galaxies dotting the sky, clustered together under the gravitational attraction of deep, unseen pockets of dark matter. This provides important clues of how the universe matured from its chaotic beginnings to its elegant structure we see today. These results are presented today in a press conference at the meeting of the High Energy Astrophysics Division of the American Astronomical Society at Mt. Tremblant, Quebec. "Piece by piece, we are assembling a photo album of the universe through the ages," said Yuxuan Yang, a doctorate candidate at the University of Maryland, College Park, who conducted the analysis. "Last month we saw a picture of the infant universe taken with the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe. Now we can add a snapshot of its adolescence." The Chandra observation traced a patch of sky known as the Lockman Hole in the constellation Ursa Major (containing the Big Dipper). Chandra saw a rich density of active galaxies, seven times denser than what has been detected in previous optical and radio surveys at similar distances. This provides the clearest picture yet at the large-scale structure of the universe at such distances (and age), according to Dr. Richard Mushotzky of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., who led the observation. Lockman Hole JPEG, TIFF, PS An image that has been "blurred" to allow better view of the structures outlined by the X-ray sources. The color represents the spectra of the AGN. The red color indicates the sources on average radiates at longer wavelength while green and blue colors indicates the sources radiates at shorter wavelength. The Green and blue regions appear to form a wall, or shows more lumpiness than the "red" sources. If one could capture the

  15. Chandra Sees Shape of Universe During Formative, Adolescent Years

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2003-03-01

    Scientists using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have taken a snapshot of the adolescent universe from about five billion years ago when the familiar web-like structure of galaxy chains and voids first emerged. The observation reveals distant and massive galaxies dotting the sky, clustered together under the gravitational attraction of deep, unseen pockets of dark matter. This provides important clues of how the universe matured from its chaotic beginnings to its elegant structure we see today. These results are presented today in a press conference at the meeting of the High Energy Astrophysics Division of the American Astronomical Society at Mt. Tremblant, Quebec. "Piece by piece, we are assembling a photo album of the universe through the ages," said Yuxuan Yang, a doctorate candidate at the University of Maryland, College Park, who conducted the analysis. "Last month we saw a picture of the infant universe taken with the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe. Now we can add a snapshot of its adolescence." The Chandra observation traced a patch of sky known as the Lockman Hole in the constellation Ursa Major (containing the Big Dipper). Chandra saw a rich density of active galaxies, seven times denser than what has been detected in previous optical and radio surveys at similar distances. This provides the clearest picture yet at the large-scale structure of the universe at such distances (and age), according to Dr. Richard Mushotzky of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., who led the observation. Lockman Hole JPEG, TIFF, PS An image that has been "blurred" to allow better view of the structures outlined by the X-ray sources. The color represents the spectra of the AGN. The red color indicates the sources on average radiates at longer wavelength while green and blue colors indicates the sources radiates at shorter wavelength. The Green and blue regions appear to form a wall, or shows more lumpiness than the "red" sources. If one could capture the

  16. Hubble Sees Material Ejected From Comet Hale-Bopp

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1995-01-01

    These NASA Hubble Space Telescope pictures of comet Hale-Bopp show a remarkable 'pinwheel' pattern and a blob of free-flying debris near the nucleus. The bright clump of light along the spiral (above the nucleus, which is near the center of the frame) may be a piece of the comet's icy crust that was ejected into space by a combination of ice evaporation and the comet's rotation, and which then disintegrated into a bright cloud of particles.

    Although the 'blob' is about 3.5 times fainter than the brightest portion at the nucleus, the lump appears brighter because it covers a larger area. The debris follows a spiral pattern outward because the solid nucleus is rotating like a lawn sprinkler, completing a single rotation about once per week.

    Ground-based observations conducted over the past two months have documented at least two separate episodes of jet and pinwheel formation and fading. By coincidence, the first Hubble images of Hale-Bopp, taken on September 26, 1995, immediately followed one of these outbursts and allow researchers to examine it at unprecedented detail. For the first time they see a clear separation between the nucleus and some of the debris being shed. By putting together information from the Hubble images and those taken during the recent outburst using the 82 cm telescope of the Teide Observatory (Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain), astronomers find that the debris is moving away from the nucleus at a speed (projected on the sky) of about 68 miles per hour (109 kilometers per hour).

    The Hubble observations will be used to determine if Hale-Bopp is really a giant comet or rather a more moderate-sized object whose current activity is driven by outgassing from a very volatile ice which will 'burn out' over the next year. Comet Hale-Bopp was discovered on July 23, 1995 by amateur astronomers Alan Hale and Thomas Bopp. Though this comet is still well outside the orbit of Jupiter (almost 600 million miles, or one billion kilometers from Earth

  17. ISO sees the pattern in the cosmic wallpaper

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1998-07-01

    Two dozen distant galaxies that are undergoing a process of intense evolution --either merging to build larger ones or reaching their final shape-- have been detected by a team of French astronomers using the European Space Agency's ISO space telescope. These are the first individual objects known to contribute their energy to the bulk of the Cosmic Infrared Background, a radiation that fills the entire universe like a wallpaper, emitted at the era when galaxies were formed. The new-found distant galaxies are indeed like the 'pattern' in this 'cosmic wallpaper'. This discovery will for the first time enable scientists to test different theories of galaxy formation, and therefore to tackle a key problem of astronomy --the birth process of galaxies which has remained a mystery so far, mainly because current telescopes cannot reach that far back in time, about 12,000 million years ago. This obstacle has been partially overcome by the French team headed by Jean-Loup Puget, at the Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale in Paris, precisely because they searched for the primeval galaxies by focusing first on the study of the cosmic wallpaper, the 'Cosmic Infrared Background' (see note to editors below). This background glow that fills the whole universe is a by-product of the galaxy formation itself, a relic of the era when the first galaxies were being born. Its existence was predicted three decades ago and it was known to be detectable only at infrared wavelengths, as the dust enshrouding young galaxies causes them to be both opaque in visible light but bright at infrared wavelengths. However, this cosmic wallpaper turned out to be very dim: only two years ago Puget's team detected it after a careful analysis of data from NASA's COBE satellite. Once the 'Cosmic Infrared Background' had been found, the next step was to disentangle it into the sources contributing to it, that is, into the young galaxies in evolution or the 'pattern' in the wallpaper. The two dozen distant

  18. Prototype for Long Wavelength Array Sees First Light

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2007-03-01

    to that from a more traditional dish style telescope with a diameter of 70 feet. The antenna design, which resembles a household ceiling fan, with blades that have drooped down at an angle of 45 degrees, was conceived to allow the array to see the full sky and cover a wide range of frequencies with a single antenna "The sophisticated digital electronics used in the LWDA allow it to change observing frequency or point in a new direction in an instant, and even allow it to look in two directions at the same time," says Dr. Paul Ray, an astrophysicist at NRL who is overseeing the overall performance of the LWDA. When completed, the LWA will operate in a similar manner, but on a much grander scale. Plans call for over 13,000 individual antennas, divided into 50 stations. These stations will be spread over a 250-mile area across New Mexico, and possibly beyond. Dr. Ray explains, "With so many antennas required for the final LWA, it is vital that we have a testbed on which we can demonstrate the performance of a small number of them before construction of the full LWA begins in earnest." NRL's LWDA serves this purpose, allowing the astronomers and engineers to test the dipole antennas and related computer hardware and software on a small scale, before embarking on construction. The LWA, funding for which is managed by the Office of Naval Research, is a project of the Southwest Consortium, led by the University of New Mexico, and including NRL, ARL:UT, and Los Alamos National Laboratory, with important contributions from Virginia Tech and cooperation from the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO). The NRAO is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc.

  19. Proyecto para la medición sistemática de seeing en CASLEO

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fernández Lajus, E.; Forte, J. C.

    La calidad del seeing astronómico es ciertamente uno de los parámetros mas importantes que caracterizan el sitio de un observatorio. Por tanto se desea determinar si el alto valor de seeing observado con el telescopio de 2.15 m se debe a efectos internos y/o del entorno a la cupula o si se debe simplemente al seeing propio del lugar. El actual mecanismo de refrigeración del espejo primario del 2.15, parece haber mejorado notablemente la calidad del seeing. Sin embargo se hace necesario saber hasta que punto el valor del seeing puede ser mejorado. La primera etapa del proyecto consistió en la puesta a punto del telescopio emplazado para este propósito y la adquisición de las primeras medidas tentativas de seeing.

  20. On the Difference between Seeing and Image Quality: When the Turbulence Outer Scale Enters the Game

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Martinez, P.; Kolb, J.; Sarazin, M.; Tokovinin, A.

    2010-09-01

    We attempt to clarify the frequent confusion between seeing and image quality for large telescopes. The full width at half maximum of a stellar image is commonly considered to be equal to the atmospheric seeing. However the outer scale of the turbulence, which corresponds to a reduction in the low frequency content of the phase perturbation spectrum, plays a significant role in the improvement of image quality at the focus of a telescope. The image quality is therefore different (and in some cases by a large factor) from the atmospheric seeing that can be measured by dedicated seeing monitors, such as a differential image motion monitor.

  1. Comparative Solar Seeing and Scintillation Studies at the Fuxian Lake Solar Station

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhong, Liu; Beckers, Jacques M.

    2001-01-01

    Starting November 1999 we are carrying out simultaneous seeing observations with the Solar Differential Image Motion Monitor (S-DIMM) at the Fuxian Lake station of the Yunnan Observatory and a solar scintillometer of the type used in the recent site survey by one of us (Beckers et al., 1997). The purpose was to compare the two methods of assessing the daytime atmospheric seeing for a lake site. We report here the first results of this comparison. We find that the relation between the seeing as measured by the S-DIMM (the Fried parameter r 0) and the scintillation in the solar irradiance (σI) differs greatly from the relation found by Seykora (1993) for NSO/Sac Peak. We conclude that the σI measurements give a good indication for the amount of near-Earth seeing but that they are a poor proxy for the total atmospheric seeing. We interpret the simultaneous ( r 0, σI) observations in terms of an atmospheric seeing model and find good quantitative agreement with a model in which a fraction (α) of the seeing originated near the Earth (ground or water) and the rest (1-α) originates at higher layers. For lake sites α is small all day and the seeing is determined primarily by the refractive index variations at higher atmospheric layers. For land sites α is small in the early morning but rapidly increases as the day progresses, near-Earth seeing dominating there most of the time.

  2. Comparative Solar Seeing and Scintillation Studies at the Fuxian Lake Solar Station

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Zhong; Beckers, Jacques M.

    2001-01-01

    Starting November 1999 we are carrying out simultaneous seeing observations with the Solar Differential Image Motion Monitor (S-DIMM) at the Fuxian Lake station of the Yunnan Observatory and a solar scintillometer of the type used in the recent site survey by one of us (Beckers et al., 1997). The purpose was to compare the two methods of assessing the daytime atmospheric seeing for a lake site. We report here the first results of this comparison. We find that the relation between the seeing as measured by the S-DIMM (the Fried parameter r_0) and the scintillation in the solar irradiance (σ_I) differs greatly from the relation found by Seykora (1993) for NSO/Sac Peak. We conclude that the σ_I measurements give a good indication for the amount of near-Earth seeing but that they are a poor proxy for the total atmospheric seeing. We interpret the simultaneous (r_0, σ_I) observations in terms of an atmospheric seeing model and find good quantitative agreement with a model in which a fraction (α) of the seeing originated near the Earth (ground or water) and the rest (1-α) originates at higher layers. For lake sites α is small all day and the seeing is determined primarily by the refractive index variations at higher atmospheric layers. For land sites α is small in the early morning but rapidly increases as the day progresses, near-Earth seeing dominating there most of the time.

  3. 29 CFR 1607.17 - Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B... affirmative action (see section 13B). The Equal Employment Opportunity Coordinating Council was established by... policies concerning the role of affirmative action in the overall equal employment opportunity...

  4. 29 CFR 1607.17 - Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B... affirmative action (see section 13B). The Equal Employment Opportunity Coordinating Council was established by... policies concerning the role of affirmative action in the overall equal employment opportunity...

  5. Seeing, Inquiring, Witnessing: Using the Equity Audit in Practitioner Inquiry to Rethink Inequity in Public Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Groenke, Susan L.

    2010-01-01

    In "Letters to a Young Teacher," Jonathan Kozol (2007) describes the need for teachers to "speak out as witnesses to the injustices they see each day in public schools" (p. 93). Sometimes beginning teachers need help learning to see injustices, as well as in making sense of the sociopolitical systems of which schooling is a part. Or, as in the…

  6. Eye of the Forehead and Eye of the Mind: How Engineers and Scientists See

    SciTech Connect

    Lienhard, John

    2004-07-12

    Public radio host Dr. John Lienhard gives a talk titled "Eye of the Forehead and Eye of the Mind: How Engineers and Scientists See". Lienhard contends that spatial visualization is the subtlest of abilities. In his talk, he traces its evolution through the past five centuries and explains how remarkable aids to seeing may have been placing mental visualization under threat.

  7. The Role of the Holy See in Fostering the Identity of Catholic Higher Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, J. Michael

    2007-01-01

    The Holy See plays an important role in encouraging the 1300 Catholic universities around the world to appropriate more fully their freely chosen Catholic identity. I use the word "identity" rather than "mission" because this follows the terminology most frequently used in documents from the Holy See. In this article, I discuss how the Holy See…

  8. 29 CFR 1918.97 - First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of this part).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of... LONGSHORING General Working Conditions. § 1918.97 First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of this... injury, regardless of severity, to the employer. (b) First aid. A first aid kit shall be available at...

  9. 29 CFR 1918.97 - First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of this part).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of... LONGSHORING General Working Conditions. § 1918.97 First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of this... injury, regardless of severity, to the employer. (b) First aid. A first aid kit shall be available at...

  10. 29 CFR 1918.97 - First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of this part).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of... LONGSHORING General Working Conditions. § 1918.97 First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of this... injury, regardless of severity, to the employer. (b) First aid. A first aid kit shall be available at...

  11. 29 CFR 1918.97 - First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of this part).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of... LONGSHORING General Working Conditions. § 1918.97 First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of this... injury, regardless of severity, to the employer. (b) First aid. A first aid kit shall be available at...

  12. 29 CFR 1917.22 - Hazardous cargo 2 (See § 1917.2(p)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... § 1917.2(p)). 2 The Department of Transportation and the United States Coast Guard apply requirements related to handling, storing and transportation of hazardous cargo (see 33 CFR part 126, 46 CFR, 49 CFR... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hazardous cargo 2 (See § 1917.2(p)). 1917.22 Section...

  13. 29 CFR 1917.22 - Hazardous cargo 2 (See § 1917.2(p)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... § 1917.2(p)). 2 The Department of Transportation and the United States Coast Guard apply requirements related to handling, storing and transportation of hazardous cargo (see 33 CFR part 126, 46 CFR, 49 CFR... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hazardous cargo 2 (See § 1917.2(p)). 1917.22 Section...

  14. NASA's Space Environments and Effects (SEE) Program: Meteoroid and Orbital Debris Lesson Plan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Washington, DC.

    The study of the natural space environment and its effects on spacecraft is one of the most important and least understood aspects of spacecraft design. The Space Environments and Effects (SEE) Program prepared the Meteoroids and Orbital Debris Lesson Plan, a SEE-focused high school curriculum to engage students in creative activities that will…

  15. 29 CFR 1918.93 - Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2... Conditions. § 1918.93 Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2). (a) Purpose and scope. This section covers areas in which the employer knows, or has reason to believe, that a hazardous atmosphere...

  16. 29 CFR 1918.93 - Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2... Conditions. § 1918.93 Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2). (a) Purpose and scope. This section covers areas in which the employer knows, or has reason to believe, that a hazardous atmosphere...

  17. 29 CFR 1918.93 - Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2... Conditions. § 1918.93 Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2). (a) Purpose and scope. This section covers areas in which the employer knows, or has reason to believe, that a hazardous atmosphere...

  18. 29 CFR 1918.93 - Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2... Conditions. § 1918.93 Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2). (a) Purpose and scope. This section covers areas in which the employer knows, or has reason to believe, that a hazardous atmosphere...

  19. 29 CFR 1918.93 - Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2... Conditions. § 1918.93 Hazardous atmospheres and substances (See also § 1918.2). (a) Purpose and scope. This section covers areas in which the employer knows, or has reason to believe, that a hazardous atmosphere...

  20. 29 CFR 1917.22 - Hazardous cargo 2 (See § 1917.2(p)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... related to handling, storing and transportation of hazardous cargo (see 33 CFR part 126, 46 CFR, 49 CFR... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hazardous cargo 2 (See § 1917.2(p)). 1917.22 Section 1917..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.22 Hazardous cargo 2...

  1. 29 CFR 1917.22 - Hazardous cargo 2 (See § 1917.2(p)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... related to handling, storing and transportation of hazardous cargo (see 33 CFR part 126, 46 CFR, 49 CFR... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hazardous cargo 2 (See § 1917.2(p)). 1917.22 Section 1917..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.22 Hazardous cargo 2...

  2. 40 CFR 122.4 - Prohibitions (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Prohibitions (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25). 122.4 Section 122.4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... NPDES programs, see § 123.25). No permit may be issued: (a) When the conditions of the permit do...

  3. 29 CFR 1917.28 - Hazard communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hazard communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi)). 1917.28 Section 1917.28 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH... communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi))....

  4. 40 CFR 122.4 - Prohibitions (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Prohibitions (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25). 122.4 Section 122.4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... NPDES programs, see § 123.25). No permit may be issued: (a) When the conditions of the permit do...

  5. 29 CFR 1917.28 - Hazard communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hazard communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi)). 1917.28 Section 1917.28 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH... communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi))....

  6. 40 CFR 122.4 - Prohibitions (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true Prohibitions (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25). 122.4 Section 122.4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... programs, see § 123.25). No permit may be issued: (a) When the conditions of the permit do not provide...

  7. 29 CFR 1917.28 - Hazard communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hazard communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi)). 1917.28 Section 1917.28 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH... communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi))....

  8. 29 CFR 1917.28 - Hazard communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hazard communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi)). 1917.28 Section 1917.28 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH... communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi))....

  9. 40 CFR 122.4 - Prohibitions (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Prohibitions (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25). 122.4 Section 122.4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION... NPDES programs, see § 123.25). No permit may be issued: (a) When the conditions of the permit do...

  10. 29 CFR 1917.22 - Hazardous cargo 2 (See § 1917.2(p)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... related to handling, storing and transportation of hazardous cargo (see 33 CFR part 126, 46 CFR, 49 CFR... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hazardous cargo 2 (See § 1917.2(p)). 1917.22 Section 1917..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.22 Hazardous cargo 2...

  11. 76 FR 50752 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request for the Landslide Report: Did You See It?

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-16

    ... Comments On December 9, 2010 we published a Federal Register notice (75 FR 76752) announcing that we would... Geological Survey Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request for the Landslide Report: Did You See It... information collection request (ICR) for the USGS Landslide Hazards Program's Landslide Report: Did You See...

  12. Eye of the Forehead and Eye of the Mind: How Engineers and Scientists See

    ScienceCinema

    Lienhard, John [NPR, United States

    2010-09-01

    Public radio host Dr. John Lienhard gives a talk titled "Eye of the Forehead and Eye of the Mind: How Engineers and Scientists See". Lienhard contends that spatial visualization is the subtlest of abilities. In his talk, he traces its evolution through the past five centuries and explains how remarkable aids to seeing may have been placing mental visualization under threat.

  13. Tell Me What You See: Pre-Service Teachers' Recognition of Exemplary Digital Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lloyd, Margaret; Mukherjee, Michelle

    2013-01-01

    How do you identify "good" teaching practice in the complexity of a real classroom? How do you know that beginning teachers can recognise effective digital pedagogy when they see it? How can teacher educators see through their students' eyes? The study in this paper has arisen from our interest in what pre-service teachers…

  14. Conservation of the Ustilago maydis effector See1 in related smuts

    PubMed Central

    Redkar, Amey; Villajuana- Bonequi, Mitzi; Doehlemann, Gunther

    2015-01-01

    Ustilago maydis is a biotrophic fungus that induces formation of tumors in maize (Zea mays L). In a recent study we identified See1 (Seedling efficient effector 1) as an U. maydis organ-specific effector required for tumor formation in leaves. See1 is required for U. maydis induced reactivation of plant DNA synthesis during leaf tumor progression. The protein is secreted from biotrophic hyphae and localizes to the cytoplasm and nucleus of plant cell. See1 interacts with maize SGT1, a cell cycle and immune regulator, interfering with its MAPK-triggered phosphorylation. Here, we present new data on the conservation of See1 in other closely related smuts and experimental data on the functionality of See1 ortholog in Ustilago hordei, the causal agent of barley covered smut disease. PMID:26357869

  15. A Change of Perspective: Seeing through Children at the Front of the Classroom, to Seeing Children from the Back of the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Kerryn

    2013-01-01

    This article considers a noted trend by teacher educators at a South African University where student teachers seem to have very little connection with children they teach on their teaching practicals. This lack of engagement and ability to see individual children that are being taught and respond to them is the focus of the paper. The paper…

  16. Volcano-tectonic structures and CO2-degassing patterns in the Laacher See basin, Germany

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goepel, Andreas; Lonschinski, Martin; Viereck, Lothar; Büchel, Georg; Kukowski, Nina

    2015-07-01

    The Laacher See Volcano is the youngest (12,900 year BP) eruption center of the Quarternary East-Eifel Volcanic Field in Germany and has formed Laacher See, the largest volcanic lake in the Eifel area. New bathymetric data of Laacher See were acquired by an echo sounder system and merged with topographic light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data of the Laacher See Volcano area to form an integrated digital elevation model. This model provides detailed morphological information about the volcano basin and results of sediment transport therein. Morphological analysis of Laacher See Volcano indicates a steep inner crater wall (slope up to 30°) which opens to the south. The Laacher See basin is divided into a deep northern and a shallower southern part. The broader lower slopes inclined with up to 25° change to the almost flat central part (maximum water depth of 51 m) with a narrow transition zone. Erosion processes of the crater wall result in deposition of volcaniclastics as large deltas in the lake basin. A large subaqueous slide was identified at the northeastern part of the lake. CO2-degassing vents (wet mofettes) of Laacher See were identified by a single-beam echo sounder system through gas bubbles in the water column. These are more frequent in the northern part of the lake, where wet mofettes spread in a nearly circular-shaped pattern, tracing the crater rim of the northern eruption center of the Laacher See Volcano. Additionally, preferential paths for gas efflux distributed concentrically inside the crater rim are possibly related to volcano-tectonic faults. In the southern part of Laacher See, CO2 vents occur in a high spatial density only within the center of the arc-shaped structure Barschbuckel possibly tracing the conduit of a tuff ring.

  17. See Attachment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cameron, W. Scott

    2003-01-01

    Since e-mail generates itself on a round-the-clock, daily basis, it's not unusual for me to receive an average of fifty e-mails a day, or more than 300 a week. That s a lot of e-mail. I have spoken with many of my fellow project managers about my relationship with e-mail. In my case, reading and responding to it is a temptation almost too hard to resist. When I receive an e-mail I tend to want to stop everything I m doing, and open and answer it. Indeed, in my life you could say e-mail is a force to be reckoned with. Interestingly, my fascination with mail began a long time ago. I trace it back to my days as a young boy when I started receiving my first letters from friends and family. Walking home from school, I was often filled with curiosity, wondering if I had received any mail that day. In college, I knew the exact time the mail was delivered, and I headed for my mailbox as close to that hour as I could. After that, I served in an Army Reserve Post Office Unit, where I came to realize how important a postal unit was to the military. There were many others like myself, far from home, who relied on the written word to stay connected to the people in their lives. Over the years I have changed in many ways, and so has the mail. But the same sense of connection, and the same urge to respond to someone who has written me, remains. The 24/7 nature of e-mail has compounded the situation. It is relentless in its pursuit of my time and attention-and, as such, e-mail has become something I have had to manage in a variety of situations

  18. Seeing Color

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Texley, Juliana

    2005-01-01

    Colors are powerful tools for engaging children, from the youngest years onward. We hang brightly patterned mobiles above their cribs and help them learn the names of colors as they begin to record their own ideas in pictures and words. Colors can also open the door to an invisible world of electromagnetism, even when children can barely imagine…

  19. Seeing Red

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Galuszka, Peter

    2010-01-01

    This article reports on a study by the National Association of College and University Business Officers and Commonfund Institute that reveals increasing debt further threatens the financial security of U.S. colleges and universities in the aftermath of the recession. Debt increases rapidly as endowments drop and deficit-racked state governments…

  20. Seeing Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtis, Deb

    2008-01-01

    The daily reality of working with a group of young children presents many demands for adults in early childhood programs. There are the ongoing chores of caretaking and cleaning up, planning and providing an engaging curriculum, communicating with families and coworkers, and the ever-growing pressures for outcomes, assessment, and documentation to…

  1. Seeing rainbows.

    PubMed

    Hunt, D M

    2001-04-01

    Mammals generally have colour vision inferior to that of other vertebrates. This is partially redressed in primates, but the underlying mechanisms differ in Old World and New World primate groups. How has this occurred and what were the key events in the molecular evolution of primate colour vision? PMID:11313537

  2. Research Sees Potential to Make Bone, Muscle from Human Stem Cells

    MedlinePlus

    ... Sees Potential to Make Bone, Muscle From Human Stem Cells Could be a major advance for regenerative medicine, ... muscle and 10 other cells types from human stem cells within a matter of days. The researchers from ...

  3. Preschoolers' mutualistic conception of seeing is related to their knowledge of the pronoun "each other".

    PubMed

    Moll, Henrike; Arellano, Daniel; Guzman, Ambar; Cordova, Xochitl; Madrigal, John A

    2015-03-01

    Previous research has shown that young children deny being able to see an agent whose eyes are covered. The current study explored this phenomenon further. In Experiment 1, 3-year-olds denied that they could "see," but affirmed that they could "look at," a doll whose eyes were covered--indicating that they demand mutuality for seeing another but not for looking at another. In Experiment 2, 3.5-year-olds drew the same distinction between "see" and "look at" when facing a doll or a human. A strong correlation between children's knowledge of the reciprocal pronoun "each other" and their adherence to the mutuality demand was found. The results are discussed with respect to children's bias for second personal encounters and children's relational concept of persons. PMID:25558861

  4. Study Sees No Link Between Common Epilepsy Drug, Certain Birth Defects

    MedlinePlus

    ... 158169.html Study Sees No Link Between Common Epilepsy Drug, Certain Birth Defects Large review found no ... Despite initial concern from early studies, taking the epilepsy drug lamotrigine (Lamictal) during pregnancy may not raise ...

  5. Does the HIPAA Privacy Rule Allow Parents the Right to See Their Children's Medical Records?

    MedlinePlus

    ... Does the HIPAA Privacy Rule allow parents the right to see their children’s medical records? Answer: Yes, ... your contact information below. Email Office for Civil Rights Headquarters U.S. Department of Health & Human Services 200 ...

  6. The education of an astronomical maverick: T. J. J. See and the University of Missouri

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peterson, Charles J.

    2004-08-01

    The educational background of the controversial astronomer Thomas Jefferson Jackson See is recounted. See failed in successive employment and research opportunities; coworkers and superiors apparently were repelled by his intense egotism, his inability to work with others, his refusal to operate within established codes of conduct, and questions arising from both the source and the reliability of his scientific work. See's approach to his scientific career was shaped, to a large degree, by his undergraduate education, and the professional turmoil of his later life was paralleled by his tumultuous career as a student at the University of Missouri, which included bitter political infighting and accusations of plagiarism. Combined with a tendency to make fundamental errors in both observational and theoretical research, See's flaws ultimately cost him his scientific credibility and destroyed his professional career and reputation.

  7. 5. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, NITROGEN MACHINERY, MACHINERY ROOM (SEE N4) ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    5. FIRST FLOOR INTERIOR, NITROGEN MACHINERY, MACHINERY ROOM (SEE N-4) FROM EASTERN ENTRANCE, LOOKING EAST. - Oakland Naval Supply Center, Cold Storage Warehouse, South of C Street between First & Second Street, Oakland, Alameda County, CA

  8. 50 CFR Figure 23 to Part 679 - Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2) 23 Figure 23 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND... ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 23 Figure 23 to Part 679—Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2) ER21DE12.003...

  9. 50 CFR Figure 23 to Part 679 - Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2) 23 Figure 23 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND... ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 23 Figure 23 to Part 679—Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2) ER07JA04.007...

  10. 50 CFR Figure 23 to Part 679 - Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2) 23 Figure 23 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND... ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 23 Figure 23 to Part 679—Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2) ER21DE12.003...

  11. 50 CFR Figure 23 to Part 679 - Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 13 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2) 23 Figure 23 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND... ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 23 Figure 23 to Part 679—Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2) ER07JA04.007...

  12. 50 CFR Figure 23 to Part 679 - Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 11 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2) 23 Figure 23 to Part 679 Wildlife and Fisheries FISHERY CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT, NATIONAL OCEANIC AND... ALASKA Pt. 679, Fig. 23 Figure 23 to Part 679—Salmon Management Area (see § 679.2) ER07JA04.007...

  13. 43 CFR 4.120 - Subpoenas. (See § 4.100(a)(2).)

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Subpoenas. (See § 4.100(a)(2).) 4.120 Section 4.120 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS AND... Procedure Rules § 4.120 Subpoenas. (See § 4.100(a)(2).) (a) General. Upon written request of either...

  14. 29 CFR 1918.55 - Cranes (See also § 1918.11).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Cranes (See also § 1918.11). 1918.55 Section 1918.55 Labor... (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR LONGSHORING Vessel's Cargo Handling Gear § 1918.55 Cranes (See also § 1918.11). The following requirements shall apply to the use of cranes forming part of a...

  15. 29 CFR 1918.55 - Cranes (See also § 1918.11).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Cranes (See also § 1918.11). 1918.55 Section 1918.55 Labor... (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR LONGSHORING Vessel's Cargo Handling Gear § 1918.55 Cranes (See also § 1918.11). The following requirements shall apply to the use of cranes forming part of a...

  16. 29 CFR 1918.55 - Cranes (See also § 1918.11).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cranes (See also § 1918.11). 1918.55 Section 1918.55 Labor... (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR LONGSHORING Vessel's Cargo Handling Gear § 1918.55 Cranes (See also § 1918.11). The following requirements shall apply to the use of cranes forming part of a...

  17. 29 CFR 1918.55 - Cranes (See also § 1918.11).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Cranes (See also § 1918.11). 1918.55 Section 1918.55 Labor... (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR LONGSHORING Vessel's Cargo Handling Gear § 1918.55 Cranes (See also § 1918.11). The following requirements shall apply to the use of cranes forming part of a...

  18. 29 CFR 1918.55 - Cranes (See also § 1918.11).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Cranes (See also § 1918.11). 1918.55 Section 1918.55 Labor... (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR LONGSHORING Vessel's Cargo Handling Gear § 1918.55 Cranes (See also § 1918.11). The following requirements shall apply to the use of cranes forming part of a...

  19. Seeing How Children See Us

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curtis, Deb; Baird, Lorrie

    2011-01-01

    Children have laser-like attention for everything teachers do and say. They are skillful social scientists, learning about themselves, relationships, and the world by carefully observing the people around them. As keen observers, children notice the smallest details of a teacher's body language, tone of voice, and movements. Teachers' interactions…

  20. Study abroad experience is related to Japanese doctors' behavior to see foreign patients.

    PubMed

    Tamamaki, Kinko; Nishio, Hisahide

    2013-01-01

    Globalization in Japan involves increases in the number of foreign residents. While there are some English-speaking Japanese doctors that are willing to see foreign patients, many are reluctant to do so. In this study, we attempted to clarify the factors that encourage Japanese doctors to see foreign patients. We conducted a questionnaire survey among medical doctors in Kobe City, Japan. The questionnaire was distributed to 172 doctors, and we received 139 responses. Statistical analysis showed a significant correlation between the frequency of seeing foreign patients and having the experience of studying abroad (p<0.05), confirming our hypothesis. There was also a significant correlation between having the experience of studying abroad and the doctors' self-evaluations of their English ability (p<0.05). There was no significant correlation found, however, between the frequency of seeing foreign patients and that of reading English research articles. These data suggested that the experience of living abroad rather than the exposure to English research articles was more highly correlated with seeing greater numbers of foreign patients. In conclusion, greater exposure to colloquial English was one of the determinants of the doctors' greater willingness to see foreign patients. In the Japanese medical education curriculum, therefore, it would be necessary to offer alternatives to studying abroad for those students who do not have such opportunities. PMID:23756658

  1. Bistable light shutter using dye-doped liquid crystals for a see-through display

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Huh, Jae-Won; Heo, Joon; Yu, Byeong-Huh; Yoon, Tae-Hoon

    2016-03-01

    See-through displays have got high attention as one of the next generation display devices. Especially, see-through displays that use organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) and liquid crystal displays (LCDs) have been actively studied. However, a see-through display using OLEDs cannot provide black color because of their see-through area. Although a see-through display using LCDs can provide black color with crossed polarizers, it cannot block the background. This inevitable problem can be solved by placing a light shutter at the back of a see-through display. To maintain the transparent or opaque state, an electric field must be applied to a light shutter. To achieve low power consumption, a bistable light shutter using polymer-stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals (CLC) has been proposed. It is switchable between the translucent and transparent states only. Therefore, it cannot provide black color. Moreover, it cannot block the background perfectly because of poor performance in the translucent state. In this work we will introduce a bistable light shutter using dye-doped CLCs. To improve the electro-optic characteristics in the opaque state, we employed a crossed electrode structure instead of a parallel one. We will demonstrate that the light shutter can exhibit stable bistable operation between the transparent homeotropic and opaque focal-conic states thanks to polymer stabilization.

  2. Early changes in system [Formula: see text] and glutathione in the retina of diabetic rats.

    PubMed

    Carpi-Santos, Raul; Ferreira, Marcos Josf; Pereira Netto, Annibal Duarte; Giestal-de-Araujo, Elizabeth; Ventura, Ana Lucia Marques; Cossenza, Marcelo; Calaza, Karin C

    2016-05-01

    Diabetic retinopathy (DR), the main cause of blindness among diabetic patients, affects both neuronal and vascular cells of the retina. Studies show that neuronal cell death begins after 4 weeks of diabetes and could be related with an increase in oxidative stress. System [Formula: see text] is a glutamate/cystine exchanger, formed by a catalytic subunit called xCT and a regulatory subunit 4F2hc, whose activity is crucial to the synthesis of glutathione, which is a key antioxidant molecule for cells. Although some studies have shown that glutamate transport mediated by excitatory amino acid transporters (EAATs) in diabetic rats is downregulated, there are no studies investigating system [Formula: see text] in this context. To evaluate whether system [Formula: see text] is modified by early onset of diabetes, primary retinal cell culture exposed to high glucose and retinas of rats 3 weeks after streptozotocin injection were used. We observed that xCT subunit protein expression both in cultures and in vivo were diminished. Furthermore, system [Formula: see text] activity and GSH levels were also decreased whereas oxidative stress was increased in retinas of diabetic animals. Therefore, this study raises the possibility that alterations in system [Formula: see text] expression and activity could occur during early onset of diabetes. In that way, system [Formula: see text] modifications could be related to increased ROS in diabetic retinopathy. PMID:26706282

  3. Search for conserved amino acid residues of the [Formula: see text]-crystallin proteins of vertebrates.

    PubMed

    Shiliaev, Nikita G; Selivanova, Olga M; Galzitskaya, Oxana V

    2016-04-01

    [Formula: see text]-crystallin is the major eye lens protein and a member of the small heat-shock protein (sHsp) family. [Formula: see text]-crystallins have been shown to support lens clarity by preventing the aggregation of lens proteins. We performed the bioinformatics analysis of [Formula: see text]-crystallin sequences from vertebrates to find conserved amino acid residues as the three-dimensional (3D) structure of [Formula: see text]-crystallin is not identified yet. We are the first who demonstrated that the N-terminal region is conservative along with the central domain for vertebrate organisms. We have found that there is correlation between the conserved and structured regions. Moreover, amyloidogenic regions also correspond to the structured regions. We analyzed the amino acid composition of [Formula: see text]-crystallin A and B chains. Analyzing the occurrence of each individual amino acid residue, we have found that such amino acid residues as leucine, serine, lysine, proline, phenylalanine, histidine, isoleucine, glutamic acid, and valine change their content simultaneously in A and B chains in different classes of vertebrates. Aromatic amino acids occur more often in [Formula: see text]-crystallins from vertebrates than on the average in proteins among 17 animal proteomes. We obtained that the identity between A and B chains in the mammalian group is 0.35, which is lower than the published 0.60. PMID:26972563

  4. Development of COTS ADC SEE Test System for the ATLAS LArCalorimeter Upgrade

    SciTech Connect

    Hu, Xue -Ye; Chen, Hu -Cheng; Chen, Kai; Mead, Joseph; Liu, Shu -Bin; An, Qi

    2014-12-01

    Radiation-tolerant, high speed, high density and low power commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) are planned to be used in the upgrade to the Liquid Argon (LAr) calorimeter front end (FE) trigger readout electronics. Total ionization dose (TID) and single event effect (SEE) are two important radiation effects which need to be characterized on COTS ADCs. In our initial TID test, Texas Instruments (TI) ADS5272 was identified to be the top performer after screening a total 17 COTS ADCs from different manufacturers with dynamic range and sampling rate meeting the requirements of the FE electronics. Another interesting feature of ADS5272 is its 6.5 clock cycles latency, which is the shortest among the 17 candidates. Based on the TID performance, we have designed a SEE evaluation system for ADS5272, which allows us to further assess its radiation tolerance. In this paper, we present a detailed design of ADS5272 SEE evaluation system and show the effectiveness of this system while evaluating ADS5272 SEE characteristics in multiple irradiation tests. According to TID and SEE test results, ADS5272 was chosen to be implemented in the full-size LAr Trigger Digitizer Board (LTDB) demonstrator, which will be installed on ATLAS calorimeter during the 2014 Long Shutdown 1 (LS1).

  5. ClearSee: a rapid optical clearing reagent for whole-plant fluorescence imaging

    PubMed Central

    Kurihara, Daisuke; Mizuta, Yoko; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Higashiyama, Tetsuya

    2015-01-01

    Imaging techniques for visualizing and analyzing precise morphology and gene expression patterns are essential for understanding biological processes during development in all organisms. With the aid of chemical screening, we developed a clearing method using chemical solutions, termed ClearSee, for deep imaging of morphology and gene expression in plant tissues. ClearSee rapidly diminishes chlorophyll autofluorescence while maintaining fluorescent protein stability. By adjusting the refractive index mismatch, whole-organ and whole-plant imaging can be performed by both confocal and two-photon excitation microscopy in ClearSee-treated samples. Moreover, ClearSee is applicable to multicolor imaging of fluorescent proteins to allow structural analysis of multiple gene expression. Given that ClearSee is compatible with staining by chemical dyes, the technique is useful for deep imaging in conjunction with genetic markers and for plant species not amenable to transgenic approaches. This method is useful for whole imaging for intact morphology and will help to accelerate the discovery of new phenomena in plant biological research. PMID:26493404

  6. You are so beautiful... to me: seeing beyond biases and achieving accuracy in romantic relationships.

    PubMed

    Solomon, Brittany C; Vazire, Simine

    2014-09-01

    Do romantic partners see each other realistically, or do they have overly positive perceptions of each other? Research has shown that realism and positivity co-exist in romantic partners' perceptions (Boyes & Fletcher, 2007). The current study takes a novel approach to explaining this seemingly paradoxical effect when it comes to physical attractiveness--a highly evaluative trait that is especially relevant to romantic relationships. Specifically, we argue that people are aware that others do not see their partners as positively as they do. Using both mean differences and correlational approaches, we test the hypothesis that despite their own biased and idiosyncratic perceptions, people have 2 types of partner-knowledge: insight into how their partners see themselves (i.e., identity accuracy) and insight into how others see their partners (i.e., reputation accuracy). Our results suggest that romantic partners have some awareness of each other's identity and reputation for physical attractiveness, supporting theories that couple members' perceptions are driven by motives to fulfill both esteem- and epistemic-related needs (i.e., to see their partners positively and realistically). PMID:25133729

  7. ClearSee: a rapid optical clearing reagent for whole-plant fluorescence imaging.

    PubMed

    Kurihara, Daisuke; Mizuta, Yoko; Sato, Yoshikatsu; Higashiyama, Tetsuya

    2015-12-01

    Imaging techniques for visualizing and analyzing precise morphology and gene expression patterns are essential for understanding biological processes during development in all organisms. With the aid of chemical screening, we developed a clearing method using chemical solutions, termed ClearSee, for deep imaging of morphology and gene expression in plant tissues. ClearSee rapidly diminishes chlorophyll autofluorescence while maintaining fluorescent protein stability. By adjusting the refractive index mismatch, whole-organ and whole-plant imaging can be performed by both confocal and two-photon excitation microscopy in ClearSee-treated samples. Moreover, ClearSee is applicable to multicolor imaging of fluorescent proteins to allow structural analysis of multiple gene expression. Given that ClearSee is compatible with staining by chemical dyes, the technique is useful for deep imaging in conjunction with genetic markers and for plant species not amenable to transgenic approaches. This method is useful for whole imaging for intact morphology and will help to accelerate the discovery of new phenomena in plant biological research. PMID:26493404

  8. Quantitative evaluation on internal seeing induced by heat-stop of solar telescope.

    PubMed

    Liu, Yangyi; Gu, Naiting; Rao, Changhui

    2015-07-27

    heat-stop is one of the essential thermal control devices of solar telescope. The internal seeing induced by its temperature rise will degrade the imaging quality significantly. For quantitative evaluation on internal seeing, an integrated analysis method based on computational fluid dynamics and geometric optics is proposed in this paper. Firstly, the temperature field of the heat-affected zone induced by heat-stop temperature rise is obtained by the method of computational fluid dynamics calculation. Secondly, the temperature field is transformed to refractive index field by corresponding equations. Thirdly, the wavefront aberration induced by internal seeing is calculated by geometric optics based on optical integration in the refractive index field. This integrated method is applied in the heat-stop of the Chinese Large Solar Telescope to quantitatively evaluate its internal seeing. The analytical results show that the maximum acceptable temperature rise of heat-stop is up to 5 Kelvins above the ambient air at any telescope pointing directions under the condition that the root-mean-square of wavefront aberration induced by internal seeing is less than 25nm. Furthermore, it is found that the magnitude of wavefront aberration gradually increases with the increase of heat-stop temperature rise for a certain telescope pointing direction. Meanwhile, with the variation of telescope pointing varying from the horizontal to the vertical direction, the magnitude of wavefront aberration decreases at first and then increases for the same heat-stop temperature rise. PMID:26367657

  9. Development of COTS ADC SEE Test System for the ATLAS LArCalorimeter Upgrade

    DOE PAGESBeta

    Hu, Xue -Ye; Chen, Hu -Cheng; Chen, Kai; Mead, Joseph; Liu, Shu -Bin; An, Qi

    2014-12-01

    Radiation-tolerant, high speed, high density and low power commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) analog-to-digital converters (ADCs) are planned to be used in the upgrade to the Liquid Argon (LAr) calorimeter front end (FE) trigger readout electronics. Total ionization dose (TID) and single event effect (SEE) are two important radiation effects which need to be characterized on COTS ADCs. In our initial TID test, Texas Instruments (TI) ADS5272 was identified to be the top performer after screening a total 17 COTS ADCs from different manufacturers with dynamic range and sampling rate meeting the requirements of the FE electronics. Another interesting feature of ADS5272more » is its 6.5 clock cycles latency, which is the shortest among the 17 candidates. Based on the TID performance, we have designed a SEE evaluation system for ADS5272, which allows us to further assess its radiation tolerance. In this paper, we present a detailed design of ADS5272 SEE evaluation system and show the effectiveness of this system while evaluating ADS5272 SEE characteristics in multiple irradiation tests. According to TID and SEE test results, ADS5272 was chosen to be implemented in the full-size LAr Trigger Digitizer Board (LTDB) demonstrator, which will be installed on ATLAS calorimeter during the 2014 Long Shutdown 1 (LS1).« less

  10. 21 CFR 1404.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1404.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you—...

  11. 29 CFR 1471.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1471.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you—...

  12. 31 CFR 19.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is... Treasury Officials Regarding Transactions § 19.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an...

  13. 5 CFR 919.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false How do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of OPM Officials Regarding Transactions § 919.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an...

  14. 31 CFR 19.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is... Treasury Officials Regarding Transactions § 19.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before...

  15. 29 CFR 98.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a primary tier...

  16. 22 CFR 1508.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 1508.430 Section 1508.430 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION... § 1508.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  17. 5 CFR 919.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false How do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of OPM Officials Regarding Transactions § 919.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an...

  18. 2 CFR 180.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When do I check to see if a person is... § 180.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As a Federal agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a...

  19. 31 CFR 19.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is... Treasury Officials Regarding Transactions § 19.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before...

  20. 5 CFR 919.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of OPM Officials Regarding Transactions § 919.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an...

  1. 29 CFR 1471.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1471.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you—...

  2. 5 CFR 919.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of OPM Officials Regarding Transactions § 919.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or...

  3. 22 CFR 1006.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true When do I check to see if a person is excluded... Transactions § 1006.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a...

  4. 22 CFR 1508.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true When do I check to see if a person is excluded... § 1508.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a primary...

  5. 22 CFR 208.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded... Transactions § 208.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a...

  6. 22 CFR 1508.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 1508.430 Section 1508.430 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE....430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  7. 29 CFR 1471.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1471.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an agency...

  8. 29 CFR 1471.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1471.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you—...

  9. 29 CFR 1471.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1471.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you—...

  10. 22 CFR 1508.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 1508.430 Section 1508.430 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE....430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  11. 40 CFR 122.27 - Silvicultural activities (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 404 permit (See 33 CFR 209.120 and part 233). (2) Rock crushing and gravel washing facilities means facilities which process crushed and broken stone, gravel, and riprap (See 40 CFR part 436, subpart B... on land where water is applied intentionally on the logs (wet decking). (See 40 CFR part 429,...

  12. 22 CFR 1006.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2012-04-01 2009-04-01 true How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 1006.430 Section 1006.430 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT... Transactions § 1006.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if...

  13. 5 CFR 919.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false When do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of OPM Officials Regarding Transactions § 919.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or...

  14. 22 CFR 1006.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 1006.430 Section 1006.430 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT... Transactions § 1006.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if...

  15. 5 CFR 919.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false How do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of OPM Officials Regarding Transactions § 919.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an...

  16. 29 CFR 98.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a primary tier...

  17. 22 CFR 1006.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true When do I check to see if a person is excluded... Transactions § 1006.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a...

  18. 22 CFR 1508.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true When do I check to see if a person is excluded... § 1508.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a primary...

  19. 41 CFR 105-68.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false When do I check to see...) Responsibilities of GSA Officials Regarding Transactions § 105-68.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded...

  20. 41 CFR 105-68.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I check to see if...) Responsibilities of GSA Officials Regarding Transactions § 105-68.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as...

  1. 41 CFR 105-68.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How do I check to see if...) Responsibilities of GSA Officials Regarding Transactions § 105-68.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as...

  2. 29 CFR 1471.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1471.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an agency...

  3. 41 CFR 105-68.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false How do I check to see if...) Responsibilities of GSA Officials Regarding Transactions § 105-68.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as...

  4. 21 CFR 1404.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1404.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you—...

  5. 29 CFR 1471.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1471.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an agency...

  6. 22 CFR 1006.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 1006.430 Section 1006.430 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT... Transactions § 1006.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if...

  7. 22 CFR 1508.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded... § 1508.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a primary...

  8. 31 CFR 19.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is... Treasury Officials Regarding Transactions § 19.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before...

  9. 2 CFR 180.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 180.430 Section 180.430 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget... see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or...

  10. 22 CFR 1006.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 1006.430 Section 1006.430 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE... Transactions § 1006.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if...

  11. 22 CFR 1006.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true When do I check to see if a person is excluded... Transactions § 1006.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a...

  12. 22 CFR 1006.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 1006.430 Section 1006.430 Foreign Relations INTER-AMERICAN FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT... Transactions § 1006.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if...

  13. 21 CFR 1404.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1404.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you—...

  14. 31 CFR 19.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is... Treasury Officials Regarding Transactions § 19.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an...

  15. 29 CFR 1471.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1471.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you—...

  16. 2 CFR 180.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 180.425 Section 180.425 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget... see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As a Federal agency official, you must check to see if...

  17. 5 CFR 919.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false When do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of OPM Officials Regarding Transactions § 919.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or...

  18. 29 CFR 98.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a primary tier...

  19. 29 CFR 98.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a primary tier...

  20. 29 CFR 98.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 98.430 Section 98.430 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND... How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  1. 31 CFR 19.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is... Treasury Officials Regarding Transactions § 19.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before...

  2. 21 CFR 1404.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1404.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you—...

  3. 22 CFR 208.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 208.430 Section 208.430 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT... Transactions § 208.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if...

  4. 29 CFR 98.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 98.430 Section 98.430 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND... How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  5. 29 CFR 1471.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1471.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an agency...

  6. 29 CFR 98.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 98.430 Section 98.430 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND... How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  7. 31 CFR 19.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is... Treasury Officials Regarding Transactions § 19.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before...

  8. 7 CFR 3017.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 3017.430 Section 3017.430 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued... I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded...

  9. 22 CFR 1006.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded... Transactions § 1006.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a...

  10. 2 CFR 180.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 180.430 Section 180.430 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget... see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or...

  11. 41 CFR 105-68.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How do I check to see if...) Responsibilities of GSA Officials Regarding Transactions § 105-68.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as...

  12. 41 CFR 105-68.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When do I check to see...) Responsibilities of GSA Officials Regarding Transactions § 105-68.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded...

  13. 41 CFR 105-68.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false When do I check to see...) Responsibilities of GSA Officials Regarding Transactions § 105-68.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded...

  14. 41 CFR 105-68.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false When do I check to see...) Responsibilities of GSA Officials Regarding Transactions § 105-68.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded...

  15. 5 CFR 919.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of OPM Officials Regarding Transactions § 919.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an...

  16. 2 CFR 180.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false When do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of Federal Agency Officials Regarding Transactions § 180.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As a Federal agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded...

  17. 31 CFR 19.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is... Treasury Officials Regarding Transactions § 19.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an...

  18. 22 CFR 1508.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2011-04-01 2009-04-01 true How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 1508.430 Section 1508.430 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE....430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  19. 2 CFR 180.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false How do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of Federal Agency Officials Regarding Transactions § 180.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You...

  20. 29 CFR 98.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2014-07-01 2013-07-01 true How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 98.430 Section 98.430 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND... How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  1. 41 CFR 105-68.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false How do I check to see if...) Responsibilities of GSA Officials Regarding Transactions § 105-68.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as...

  2. 29 CFR 1471.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1471.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an agency...

  3. 29 CFR 98.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 98.430 Section 98.430 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND... How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  4. 31 CFR 19.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is... Treasury Officials Regarding Transactions § 19.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an...

  5. 29 CFR 98.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a primary tier...

  6. 2 CFR 180.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 180.425 Section 180.425 Grants and Agreements Office of Management and Budget... see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As a Federal agency official, you must check to see if...

  7. 22 CFR 1508.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 1508.430 Section 1508.430 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION GOVERNMENTWIDE....430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  8. 40 CFR 122.27 - Silvicultural activities (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 404 permit (See 33 CFR 209.120 and part 233). (2) Rock crushing and gravel washing facilities means facilities which process crushed and broken stone, gravel, and riprap (See 40 CFR part 436, subpart B... on land where water is applied intentionally on the logs (wet decking). (See 40 CFR part 429,...

  9. 22 CFR 208.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded... Transactions § 208.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a...

  10. 41 CFR 105-68.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false When do I check to see...) Responsibilities of GSA Officials Regarding Transactions § 105-68.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded...

  11. 22 CFR 1508.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true When do I check to see if a person is excluded... § 1508.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a primary...

  12. 5 CFR 919.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false When do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of OPM Officials Regarding Transactions § 919.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or...

  13. 40 CFR 122.27 - Silvicultural activities (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 404 permit (See 33 CFR 209.120 and part 233). (2) Rock crushing and gravel washing facilities means facilities which process crushed and broken stone, gravel, and riprap (See 40 CFR part 436, subpart B... on land where water is applied intentionally on the logs (wet decking). (See 40 CFR part 429,...

  14. 31 CFR 19.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is... Treasury Officials Regarding Transactions § 19.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an...

  15. 40 CFR 122.27 - Silvicultural activities (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 404 permit (See 33 CFR 209.120 and part 233). (2) Rock crushing and gravel washing facilities means facilities which process crushed and broken stone, gravel, and riprap (See 40 CFR part 436, subpart B... on land where water is applied intentionally on the logs (wet decking). (See 40 CFR part 429,...

  16. 21 CFR 1404.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1404.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you—...

  17. 22 CFR 1508.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2013-04-01 2009-04-01 true When do I check to see if a person is excluded... § 1508.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a primary...

  18. 22 CFR 208.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 208.430 Section 208.430 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT... Transactions § 208.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if...

  19. 22 CFR 1006.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true When do I check to see if a person is excluded... Transactions § 1006.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified before you— (a) Enter into a...

  20. 5 CFR 919.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false When do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of OPM Officials Regarding Transactions § 919.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As an agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded or...

  1. 40 CFR 122.27 - Silvicultural activities (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 404 permit (See 33 CFR 209.120 and part 233). (2) Rock crushing and gravel washing facilities means facilities which process crushed and broken stone, gravel, and riprap (See 40 CFR part 436, subpart B... on land where water is applied intentionally on the logs (wet decking). (See 40 CFR part 429,...

  2. Full-color see-through daylight-readable goggle-mounted display

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    DeJong, Christian Dean

    2011-06-01

    See-through near-to-eye displays offer an opportunity to present visual information laid on top of the view of the real world. The information presented can be used to augment or annotate the scene the user sees. Microvision has developed a see-through, full-color, daylight-readable, monocular display in a goggle form factor. The image source for the display is a Pico Display Engine (PDE) that uses modulated red, green, and blue lasers reflecting off a MEMS based bi-axial scanning mirror to create an image. This image is relayed to the eye through a pupil-expanding substrateguiding optic. The low Lagrange invariant laser-based display engine is an excellent match for the substrate guided optics for presenting the user with an infinite conjugate image. This paper discusses design considerations and performance characteristics of the eyewear display.

  3. Flat-panel see-through three-dimensional display based on integral imaging.

    PubMed

    Takaki, Yasuhiro; Yamaguchi, Yuta

    2015-04-15

    This study proposes a technique to construct a flat-panel see-through three-dimensional (3D) display based on integral imaging. This display consists of multiple lens arrays, a transparent flat-panel display, and a light-blocking wall (LBW). Rays behind the display are reconstructed in front of it by combination of the lens arrays and the LBW to provide the see-through function. The combination of one of the lens arrays and the transparent flat-panel display produces full-parallax 3D images, which are superimposed on background images. The experimental system is constructed to verify the proposed technique. The see-through and superposition capabilities of the experimental system are demonstrated. PMID:25872096

  4. Clinical Questions in Online Health Communities: The Case of “See your doctor” Threads

    PubMed Central

    Huh, Jina

    2015-01-01

    Online health communities are known to provide psychosocial support. However, concerns for misinformation being shared around clinical information persist. An existing practice addressing this concern includes monitoring and, as needed, discouraging asking clinical questions in the community. In this paper, I examine such practice where moderators redirected patients to see their health care providers instead of consulting the community. I observed that, contrary to common beliefs, community members provided constructive tips and persuaded the patients to see doctors rather than attempting to make a diagnosis or give medical advice. Moderators’ posts on redirecting patients to see their providers were highly associated with no more follow up replies, potentially hindering active community dynamic. The findings showed what is previously thought of as a solution—quality control through moderation—might not be best and that the community, in coordination with moderators, can provide critical help in addressing clinical questions and building constructive information sharing community environment. PMID:26146665

  5. Spectral and dynamic properties of stimulated electromagnetic emission (SEE) generated by very short diagnostic pulses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sergeev, Evgeny; Grach, Savely

    Results of the experimental investigations of the HF Upper Hybrid and LF ionospheric tur-bulence by the SEE diagnostic technique over the SURA heating facility are presented. For pumping of the ionosphere an alternation of two basic time modes was used: (1) high duty cycles, i.e. long pulses with a short pauses of 20-30 ms between them, in addition short (diag-nostic) pump pulses with a duration τ ≤ 200 µs were radiated in the middle of the pauses; (2) low-duty cycles consisting of short pulses τ ≤ 200 µs and interpulse period T = 20-200 ms. It is known that the SEE spectral shape and dynamics are determined mainly by the pump-induced UH plasma waves, while the LF turbulence (striations) is responsible for SEE intensity and interpulse dynamics. In previous experiments longer diagnostic pulses (τ 10-30 ms) and interpulse periods (T = 1-3 s) were used. The reduction of τ and T diminishes an influence of the pulses upon tested processes and improves a temporal resolution of the diagnostic SEE measurements. In case of well developed striations (during high duty cycle) diagnostic pulses excite the upper hybrid plasma waves, and, therefore, the SEE with frequencies close to diag-nostic pulse frequency fd practically without time delay. So far as the pulse duration τ was chosen to be much less than a period of their multiple ionospheric reflections (˜ 2 ms) we were able to analyze the decaying SEE spectra just after the ionospherically reflected pulse trailing edge during periods between multiple signal hops in a whole frequency bandwidth including the fd close vicinity. Observations have shown that the SEE spectral maximum is shifted towards lower frequencies from fd by 2-4 kHz during high duty cycle (well-developed striations), and by up to 4-6 kHz after the mode switching to low duty cycle. Then the SEE intensity decreases from pulse to pulse together with striation relaxation. The typical e-folding decay time of the total SEE intensity after the diagnostic

  6. The Optical/Infrared Astronomical Quality of High Atacama Sites. I. Preliminary Results of Optical Seeing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Giovanelli, Riccardo; Darling, Jeremy; Sarazin, Marc; Yu, Jennifer; Harvey, Paul; Henderson, Charles; Hoffman, William; Keller, Luke; Barry, Don; Cordes, James; Eikenberry, Stephen; Gull, George; Harrington, Joseph; Smith, J. D.; Stacey, Gordon; Swain, Mark

    2001-07-01

    The region surrounding the Llano de Chajnantor, a high-altitude plateau in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile, has caught the attention of the astronomical community for its potential as an observatory site. Combining high elevation and extremely low atmospheric water content, the Llano has been chosen as the future site of the Atacama Large Millimeter Array. We have initiated a campaign to investigate the astronomical potential of the region in the optical/infrared. Here we report on an aspect of our campaign aimed at establishing a seeing benchmark to be used as a reference for future activities in the region. After a brief description of the region and its climate, we describe the results of an astronomical seeing campaign, carried out with a Differential Image Motion Monitor that operates at 0.5 μm wavelength. The seeing at the Llano altitude of 5000 m, measured over 7 nights in 1998 May, yielded a median FWHM of 1.1". However, the seeing decreased to 0.7" at a modest 100 m gain above the plateau (Cerro Chico), as measured over 38 nights spread between 1998 July and 2000 October. Neither of these represents the best seeing expected in the region; the set of measurements provides a reference base for simultaneous dual runs at Cerro Chico and at other sites of interest in the region, currently underway. A comparison between simultaneous measurements at Cerro Chico and Cerro Paranal indicates that the seeing at Cerro Chico is about 12% better than that at Paranal. The percentage of optically photometric nights in the Chajnantor region is about 60%, while that of nights useful for astronomical work is near 80%.

  7. SEE: structured representation of scientific evidence in the biomedical domain using Semantic Web techniques

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Accounts of evidence are vital to evaluate and reproduce scientific findings and integrate data on an informed basis. Currently, such accounts are often inadequate, unstandardized and inaccessible for computational knowledge engineering even though computational technologies, among them those of the semantic web, are ever more employed to represent, disseminate and integrate biomedical data and knowledge. Results We present SEE (Semantic EvidencE), an RDF/OWL based approach for detailed representation of evidence in terms of the argumentative structure of the supporting background for claims even in complex settings. We derive design principles and identify minimal components for the representation of evidence. We specify the Reasoning and Discourse Ontology (RDO), an OWL representation of the model of scientific claims, their subjects, their provenance and their argumentative relations underlying the SEE approach. We demonstrate the application of SEE and illustrate its design patterns in a case study by providing an expressive account of the evidence for certain claims regarding the isolation of the enzyme glutamine synthetase. Conclusions SEE is suited to provide coherent and computationally accessible representations of evidence-related information such as the materials, methods, assumptions, reasoning and information sources used to establish a scientific finding by adopting a consistently claim-based perspective on scientific results and their evidence. SEE allows for extensible evidence representations, in which the level of detail can be adjusted and which can be extended as needed. It supports representation of arbitrary many consecutive layers of interpretation and attribution and different evaluations of the same data. SEE and its underlying model could be a valuable component in a variety of use cases that require careful representation or examination of evidence for data presented on the semantic web or in other formats. PMID:25093070

  8. Spacecraft Charging Calculations: NASCAP-2K and SEE Spacecraft Charging Handbook

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davis, V. A.; Neergaard, L. F.; Mandell, M. J.; Katz, I.; Gardner, B. M.; Hilton, J. M.; Minor, J.

    2002-01-01

    For fifteen years NASA and the Air Force Charging Analyzer Program for Geosynchronous Orbits (NASCAP/GEO) has been the workhorse of spacecraft charging calculations. Two new tools, the Space Environment and Effects (SEE) Spacecraft Charging Handbook (recently released), and Nascap-2K (under development), use improved numeric techniques and modern user interfaces to tackle the same problem. The SEE Spacecraft Charging Handbook provides first-order, lower-resolution solutions while Nascap-2K provides higher resolution results appropriate for detailed analysis. This paper illustrates how the improvements in the numeric techniques affect the results.

  9. From LDEF to a national Space Environment and Effects (SEE) program: A natural progression

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bowles, David E.; Calloway, Robert L.; Funk, Joan G.; Kinard, William H.; Levine, Arlene S.

    1995-01-01

    As the LDEF program draws to a close, it leaves in place the fundamental building blocks for a Space Environment and Effects (SEE) program. Results from LDEF data analyses and investigations now form a substantial core of knowledge on the long term effects of the space environment on materials, system and structures. In addition, these investigations form the basic structure of a critically-needed SEE archive and database system. An agency-wide effort is required to capture all elements of a SEE program to provide a more comprehensive and focused approach to understanding the space environment, determining the best techniques for both flight and ground-based experimentation, updating the models which predict both the environments and those effects on subsystems and spacecraft, and, finally, ensuring that this multitudinous information is properly maintained, and inserted into spacecraft design programs. Many parts and pieces of a SEE program already exist at various locations to fulfill specific needs. The primary purpose of this program, under the direction of the Office of Advanced Concepts and Technology (OACT) in NASA Headquarters, is to take advantage of these parts; apply synergisms where possible; identify and when possible fill-in gaps; coordinate and advocate a comprehensive SEE program. The SEE program must coordinate and support the efforts of well-established technical communities wherein the bulk of the work will continue to be done. The SEE program will consist of a NASA-led SEE Steering Committee, consisting of government and industry users, with the responsibility for coordination between technology developers and NASA customers; and Technical Working Groups with primary responsibility for program technical content in response to user needs. The Technical Working Groups are as follows: Materials and Processes; Plasma and Fields; Ionizing Radiation; Meteoroids and Orbital Debris; Neutral External Contamination; Thermosphere, Thermal, and Solar

  10. "I'm thrilled that you see that": guiding parents to see success in interactions with children with deafness and autistic spectrum disorder.

    PubMed

    Pilnick, Alison; James, Deborah

    2013-12-01

    Children with deafness who are also on the autistic spectrum are a group with complex support needs. Carers worry about their ability to communicate with them, and are often uncertain about what constitutes 'good' communication in this context. This paper analyses the use of a therapeutic intervention, Video Interaction Guidance (VIG), which originates in developmental psychology and focuses on the relational foundations of communication. We draw on a single case using an ethnomethodological/conversation analytic framework, and in particular Goodwin's (1994) work on 'professional vision', to show how the ability to see 'success' is a socially situated activity. Since what counts as success in this setting is often far removed from everyday ideas of good communication, how guiders facilitate particular 'ways of seeing' are critical for both the support of carers and the impact of the intervention. We argue that this work has implications in three areas: for the practice of VIG itself; for the role of qualitative, interactional research addressing the way in which interaction-based interventions are protocolised, enacted and assessed; and for the way in which expertise is conceptualised in professional/client interactions in health and social care. PMID:24355475

  11. Seeing Tornado: How Video Traces Mediate Visitor Understandings of (Natural?) Phenomena in a Science Museum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Reed; Hall, Rogers

    1997-01-01

    Reports on an exploratory study of how people see and explain a prominent exhibit (Tornado) at an interactive science museum (the Exploratorium). Data was assembled using a novel, technically mediated activity system (Video Traces). Argues that Video Traces is an effective tool and discusses an expanded Video Traces system. (Author/DKM)

  12. An Investigation of Preschool Teachers' Ways of Seeing Action Research Using Phenomenography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lam, Ho Cheong

    2016-01-01

    One of the purposes of introducing the use of action research in schools is to bring about educational change in policy and practice. To make this happen, it is of paramount importance to look into how teachers actually see action research. We, the writers of this paper, are teacher educators, teaching preschool teachers courses related to action…

  13. Beyond Black and White: How White, Male, College Students See Their Asian American Peers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cabrera, Nolan L.

    2014-01-01

    This research is a cross-site analysis of how white, male, college students see their Asian American peers. Semi-structured interviews with 43 white males were conducted at two universities that differed substantially in their representation of Asian American students. The interviews were theoretically framed by Critical Whiteness Studies and Bobo…

  14. Designing Spaces: Visualizing, Planning, and Building. Seeing and Thinking Mathematically in the Middle Grades.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kleiman, Glenn; Zweig, Karen

    In this unit of the Seeing and Thinking Mathematically series, students use geometry to analyze buildings from around the world, design and build their own house models, create plans for their designs, and build from each other's plans. Students start out the unit building with cubes and later move to other geometric shapes. As they learn to…

  15. Building a Model of the Environment: How Do Children See Plants?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reiss, Michael J.; Tunnicliffe, Sue Dale

    In order to name and classify a plant they see, children use their existing mental models to provide the plant with a name and classification. In this study, pupils of a range of ages (4,8,11 and 14 years old) were presented with preserved specimens of six different plants (strictly, five plants and a fungus) and asked a series of questions about…

  16. Child Rearing: Passivity and Being Able to Go on. Wittgenstein on Shared Practices and Seeing Aspects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ramaekers, Stefan; Smeyers, Paul

    2008-01-01

    It is not uncommon to hear parents say in discussions they have with their children "Look at it this way". And called upon for their advice, counsellors too say something to adults with the significance of "Try to see it like this". The change of someone's perspective in the context of child rearing is the focus of this paper. Our interest in this…

  17. The Income Volatility See-Saw: Implications for School Lunch. ERS Report Summary

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newman, Constance

    2006-01-01

    Income volatility challenges the functioning of the safety net provided by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) food assistance programs for low-income families in time of need. Low-income families may be on a see-saw of income changes that make it difficult for program administrators to accurately target benefits and to define sensible…

  18. SeeDB: Efficient Data-Driven Visualization Recommendations to Support Visual Analytics

    PubMed Central

    Vartak, Manasi; Rahman, Sajjadur; Madden, Samuel; Parameswaran, Aditya; Polyzotis, Neoklis

    2015-01-01

    Data analysts often build visualizations as the first step in their analytical workflow. However, when working with high-dimensional datasets, identifying visualizations that show relevant or desired trends in data can be laborious. We propose SeeDB, a visualization recommendation engine to facilitate fast visual analysis: given a subset of data to be studied, SeeDB intelligently explores the space of visualizations, evaluates promising visualizations for trends, and recommends those it deems most “useful” or “interesting”. The two major obstacles in recommending interesting visualizations are (a) scale: evaluating a large number of candidate visualizations while responding within interactive time scales, and (b) utility: identifying an appropriate metric for assessing interestingness of visualizations. For the former, SeeDB introduces pruning optimizations to quickly identify high-utility visualizations and sharing optimizations to maximize sharing of computation across visualizations. For the latter, as a first step, we adopt a deviation-based metric for visualization utility, while indicating how we may be able to generalize it to other factors influencing utility. We implement SeeDB as a middleware layer that can run on top of any DBMS. Our experiments show that our framework can identify interesting visualizations with high accuracy. Our optimizations lead to multiple orders of magnitude speedup on relational row and column stores and provide recommendations at interactive time scales. Finally, we demonstrate via a user study the effectiveness of our deviation-based utility metric and the value of recommendations in supporting visual analytics. PMID:26779379

  19. Scientific Visualization: The Modern Oscilloscope for "Seeing the Unseeable" (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    SciTech Connect

    Bethel, E Wes

    2008-06-24

    Summer Lecture Series 2008: Scientific visualization transforms abstract data into readily comprehensible images, provide a vehicle for "seeing the unseeable," and play a central role in both experimental and computational sciences. Wes Bethel, who heads the Scientific Visualization Group in the Computational Research Division, presents an overview of visualization and computer graphics, current research challenges, and future directions for the field.

  20. At last we may see the evidence on safer nurse staffing levels.

    PubMed

    Osborne, Susan

    2016-06-01

    Finally, the Department of Health has commissioned UK research that will identify nurse staffing requirements using the Safer Nursing Care Tool. It will model the costs and consequences of real-world application to address variations in patient need on hospital wards (for details see tinyurl.com/SNCTstudy ). PMID:27286617

  1. Preliminary numerical simulation of mirror seeing for the Chinese Future Giant Telescope

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, En-Peng; Cui, Xiang-Qun; Li, Guo-Ping; Zhang, Yong; Shi, Jian-Rong; Zhao, Yong-Heng

    2016-06-01

    Mirror seeing will be one of the key factors influencing image quality of an extremely large ground-based optical telescope (ELT). Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) can be used to estimate the mirror seeing and the effects of ventilation. In this paper, we present a simplified approach to simulation of mirror seeing for the Chinese Future Giant Telescope (CFGT, 30 m in diameter) with the CFD software ANSYS Icepak. We get the FWHM of the image and the distribution of refractive index structure function (C 2 N) above the mirror. We demonstrate that thermal control and ventilation are effective ways to improve the image quality. Our simulation results agree with those of other authors for the ELT. To reduce the mirror seeing to a level of 0.5″, the suggested temperature excess of the primary mirror above the ambient air for thermal control of the CFGT is 0 – 2 K according to the present results of weakly forced convection. The limitations of the method are also discussed.

  2. Hoyt Sherman, Adelbert Aims, Jr. & Betty Edwards on Drawing and Seeing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mc Whinnie, Harold J.

    This paper discusses and review the ideas of Hoyt L. Sherman who taught art and visual perception at the Ohio State University. It explores some of the psychological sources for his work and ideas about the teaching of drawing by seeing which relates to the work and ideas of Adelbert Ames, Jr. The article traces the influences of both Ames and…

  3. Scientific Visualization: The Modern Oscilloscope for "Seeing the Unseeable" (LBNL Summer Lecture Series)

    ScienceCinema

    Bethel, E Wes

    2011-04-28

    Summer Lecture Series 2008: Scientific visualization transforms abstract data into readily comprehensible images, provide a vehicle for "seeing the unseeable," and play a central role in both experimental and computational sciences. Wes Bethel, who heads the Scientific Visualization Group in the Computational Research Division, presents an overview of visualization and computer graphics, current research challenges, and future directions for the field.

  4. Phillips SA8016BW 2.5 GHz Synthesizer SEE Testing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Carts, Marty; Ladbury, Ray; Marshall, Paul W.; Mackey, Susan

    2008-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the Single Event Effects (SEE) testing of the Phillips SA8016BW 2.5 GHz Synthesizer that was chose by the GLAST Program for Frequency Generation. Included in this are diagrams of the phased-locked loop (PLL), the synthesizer, and heater.

  5. Summative Evaluation of Let Me See! An ITV Science Series for Grades 1 and 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, Norman L.

    The Let Me See! television science series for grades one and two was evaluated to assess the cumulative learning of objectives over the 12 weeks the programs were aired, as well as the effects from instructional programs that had the series as a central focus. The series of 12 15-minute programs on topics from the physical sciences, biological…

  6. A priori [Formula: see text] estimates for solutions of a class of reaction-diffusion systems.

    PubMed

    Du, Zengji; Peng, Rui

    2016-05-01

    In this short paper, we establish a priori [Formula: see text]-norm estimates for solutions of a class of reaction-diffusion systems which can be used to model the spread of infectious disease. The developed technique may find applications in other reaction-diffusion systems. PMID:26141826

  7. The University as Global City: A New Way of Seeing Today's Academy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frost, Susan; Chopp, Rebecca

    2004-01-01

    For a long time now, scholars and leaders of higher education have worried that multi-disciplinary research, semiautonomous academic centers, entrepreneurial activity, and commercial influences may erode the traditions and values of U.S. universities, turn the academy into a disciplinary hodgepodge and an academic marketplace. But some see these…

  8. Space Environmental Effects (SEE) Testing Capability: NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    DeWittBurns, H.; Crave, Paul; Finckenor, Miria; Finchum, Charles; Nehls, Mary; Schneider, Todd; Vaughn, Jason

    2012-01-01

    Understanding the effects of the space environment on materials and systems is fundamental and essential for mission success. If not properly understood and designed for, the space environment can lead to materials degradation, reduction of functional lifetime, and system failure. Ground based testing is critical in predicting performance NASA/MSFC's expertise and capabilities make up the most complete SEE testing capability available.

  9. An Overview of Program Development for NASA's Space Environments and Effects (SEE) Program

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Minor, Jody L.; Newton, Robby

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes many of the changes affecting NASA's Space Environments and Effects (SEE) Program since the initiation of the Vision for Space Exploration. Programmatic and procedural changes are discussed, six new technical tasks applicable to any return to the Moon or onward towards Mars are highlighted, and personnel changes and new contact information is given.

  10. A Short History of Cardiac Inspection: A Quest "To See with a Better Eye".

    PubMed

    Evans, William N

    2015-08-01

    Cardiac examination has evolved over centuries. The goal of cardiac evaluation, regardless the era, is to "see" inside the heart to diagnose congenital and acquired intra-cardiac structural and functional abnormalities. This article briefly reviews the history of cardiac examination and discusses contemporary best, evidence-based methods of cardiac inspection. PMID:25835202

  11. 29 CFR 1918.25 - Bridge plates and ramps (See also § 1918.86).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Bridge plates and ramps (See also § 1918.86). 1918.25 Section 1918.25 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR LONGSHORING Gangways and...

  12. 29 CFR 1918.25 - Bridge plates and ramps (See also § 1918.86).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bridge plates and ramps (See also § 1918.86). 1918.25 Section 1918.25 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR LONGSHORING Gangways and...

  13. 29 CFR 1918.25 - Bridge plates and ramps (See also § 1918.86).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Bridge plates and ramps (See also § 1918.86). 1918.25 Section 1918.25 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR LONGSHORING Gangways and...

  14. 29 CFR 1918.25 - Bridge plates and ramps (See also § 1918.86).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Bridge plates and ramps (See also § 1918.86). 1918.25 Section 1918.25 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR LONGSHORING Gangways and...

  15. 29 CFR 1918.25 - Bridge plates and ramps (See also § 1918.86).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Bridge plates and ramps (See also § 1918.86). 1918.25 Section 1918.25 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR LONGSHORING Gangways and...

  16. Reading and Psycholinguistic Processes of Partially Seeing Children. CEC Research Monograph, Series A, Number 5.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bateman, Barbara D.

    To investigate the effects of visual defect on the reading and psycholinguistic processes, results were obtained for partially seeing children (grades 1 to 4, mean IQ 100) on the Monroe Reading Examination, Gates Speed and Accuracy Tests, Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities (ITPA), and Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale. Reading scores were…

  17. SOME SUGGESTED SOURCES OF EQUIPMENT AND TEACHER AIDS FOR PARTIALLY SEEING CHILDREN.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BOWERS, ROBERT

    THIS PAMPHLET LISTS SOURCES WHICH PRODUCE (1) PRINTED MATERIAL SUCH AS BOOKS, TESTS, AND SHEET MUSIC USING APPROXIMATELY 18 TO 24 POINT PRINT SIZE, (2) FURNITURE AND SUCH MECHANICAL DEVICES AS EQUIPMENT TO FACILITATE THE EDUCATION OF PARTIALLY SEEING CHILDREN, AND (3) AUDIOVISUAL AIDS INCLUDING EQUIPMENT, RECORDINGS, AND FILMS. INCLUDED IS A…

  18. Against the Narrowing of Perspectives: How Do We See Learning, Prisons and Prisoners?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warner, Kevin

    2007-01-01

    In order to offer some context for themes set for this conference, alternative answers to the three-part question are explored. Ways of seeing learning, prisons and prisoners are each looked at in turn, and in each case an argument against a narrowing of perspective is made. We can view learning in the adult education tradition as geared to "the…

  19. Reading and Seeing Themselves: Boys of Color and Textual (Non-)Connection

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sciurba, Katie

    2011-01-01

    The discourse on multicultural literature has focused on providing children of color opportunities to "see themselves" in the texts they read. Since the 1920s, advocates like W.E.B. DuBois have stressed that "visibility" in literature fosters positive psychological development among underrepresented groups of children, in addition to promoting…

  20. 29 CFR 1918.97 - First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of this part).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false First aid and lifesaving facilities. (See appendix V of this part). 1918.97 Section 1918.97 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR LONGSHORING General Working Conditions. § 1918.97...

  1. 29 CFR 1917.28 - Hazard communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hazard communication (See also § 1917.1(a)(2)(vi)). 1917.28 Section 1917.28 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.28...

  2. Bridging the Divide--Seeing Mathematics in the World through Dynamic Geometry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Hatice; Monaghan, John

    2011-01-01

    In TMA, Oldknow (2009, "TEAMAT", 28, 180-195) called for ways to unlock students' skills so that they increase learning about the world of mathematics and the objects in the world around them. This article examines one way in which we may unlock the student skills. We are currently exploring the potential for students to "see" mathematics in the…

  3. Seeing and Playing as Labor: Toward a Visual Materialist Pedagogy of Video Games through Walter Benjamin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bulut, Ergin

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the author draws specifically on the work of Walter Benjamin and engages with the world of video games by focusing on the constitution of labor as it unfolds in modding practices, as well as approaching the very act of seeing labor in a highly visual culture where value is extracted not just through the labor process but also…

  4. Do Children Have Similar Models of Understanding for Seeing, Hearing, and Smelling?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cuthbert, Anthony

    2005-01-01

    Some research indicates that a number of children understand vision as an outreaching of the sense, and that they are the originator of the process (Eaton, Anderson, & Smith, 1983; Guesne, 1985). The children draw arrows or rays that point out of the eyes, sometimes returning to the head, and write that vision involves the eyes seeing or…

  5. Sally L. Smith: A Genius at Seeing the Potential in People

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edgerton, Mary Allen

    2010-01-01

    What this author admired most about Sally Smith was the fact that she was a visionary about people and what they could accomplish. She saw more potential in a person--young or old--than anybody or even they themselves, frankly, had ever even considered possible. She was a genius at seeing the potential in people, expecting them to find it in…

  6. Children's Working Understanding of the Knowledge Gained from Seeing and Feeling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, E. J.; Haigh, S. N.; Pendle, J. E. C.

    2008-01-01

    In three experiments (N = 48 3- to 4-year olds; 100 3- to 5-year olds; 54 4-year-olds), children who could see or feel a target toy, recognized when they had sufficient information to answer "Which one is it?" and when they needed additional access. They were weaker at taking the informative modality of access when the choice was between seeing…

  7. 8. Interior view of control panels' (see CO88C6) detail on ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Interior view of control panels' (see CO-88-C-6) detail on wall of the signal transfer room on the west side of the Signal Transfer Building (T-28A). - Air Force Plant PJKS, Systems Integration Laboratory, Signal Transfer Building, Waterton Canyon Road & Colorado Highway 121, Lakewood, Jefferson County, CO

  8. 7. Interior view of control panels' (see CO88C6) detail on ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Interior view of control panels' (see CO-88-C-6) detail on wall of the signal transfer room on the west side of the Signal Transfer Building (T-28A). - Air Force Plant PJKS, Systems Integration Laboratory, Signal Transfer Building, Waterton Canyon Road & Colorado Highway 121, Lakewood, Jefferson County, CO

  9. 9. Interior view of control panels' (see CO88C6) detail and ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    9. Interior view of control panels' (see CO-88-C-6) detail and control junction box on wall of the signal transfer room on the west side of the Signal Transfer Building (T-28A). - Air Force Plant PJKS, Systems Integration Laboratory, Signal Transfer Building, Waterton Canyon Road & Colorado Highway 121, Lakewood, Jefferson County, CO

  10. See-through dye-sensitized solar cells: photonic reflectors for tandem and building integrated photovoltaics.

    PubMed

    Heiniger, Leo-Philipp; O'Brien, Paul G; Soheilnia, Navid; Yang, Yang; Kherani, Nazir P; Grätzel, Michael; Ozin, Geoffrey A; Tétreault, Nicolas

    2013-10-25

    See-through dye-sensitized solar cells with 1D photonic crystal Bragg reflector photoanodes show an increase in peak external quantum efficiency of 47% while still maintaining high fill factors, resulting in an almost 40% increase in power conversion efficiency. These photoanodes are ideally suited for tandem and building integrated photovoltaics. PMID:23966106

  11. Using Digital Technology to See Angles from Different Angles. Part 1: Corners

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Host, Erin; Baynham, Emily; McMaster, Heather

    2014-01-01

    In Part 1 of their article, Erin Host, Emily Baynham and Heather McMaster use a combination of digital technology and concrete materials to explore the concept of "corners". They provide a practical, easy to follow sequence of activities that builds on students' understandings. [For "Using Digital Technology to See Angles from…

  12. The effect of the turbulent track of a distroyed cloud on solar seeing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Akimov, L. A.; Akimov, A. L.; Dyatel, N. P.

    2000-08-01

    The effect of the phantom (the turbulent track of a distroyed cloud) on solar seeing was studied. Parameters of atmospheric blurring were determined from the observations of the solar limb-darkening function. Blurring of the solar image may increase by a factor of three due to the phantom.

  13. Virtex-II Pro PowerPC SEE Characterization Test Methods and Results

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Petrick, David; Powell, Wesley; LaBel, Ken; Howard, James

    2005-01-01

    The Xilinx Vix-11 Pro is a platform FPGA that embeds multiple microprocessors within the fabric of an SRAM-based reprogrammable FPGA. The variety and quantity of resources provided by this family of devices make them very attractive for spaceflight applications. However,these devices will be susceptible to single event effects (SEE), which must be mitigated. Observations from prior testing of the Xilinx Virtex-II Pro suggest that the PowerPC core has significant vulnerability to SEES. However, these initial tests were not designed to exclusively target the functionality of the PowerPC, therefore making it difficult to distinguish processor upsets from fabric upsets. The main focus of this paper involves detailed SEE testing of the embedded PowerPC core. Due to the complexity of the PowerPC, various custom test applications, both static and dynamic, will be designed to isolate each Unit of the processor. Collective analysis of the test results will provide insight into the exact upset mechanism of the PowerPC. With this information, mitigations schemes can be developed and tested that address the specific susceptibilities of these devices. The test bed will be the Xilinx SEE Consortium Virtex-II Pro test board, which allows for configuration scrubbing, design triplication, and ease of data collection. Testing will be performed at the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility using protons of varying energy levels and fluencies. This paper will present the detailed test approach along with the results.

  14. Seeing the Unseen: Attention to Daily Encounters with Sexism as Way to Reduce Sexist Beliefs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Becker, Julia C.; Swim, Janet K.

    2011-01-01

    Three experiments were conducted in the United States and Germany to test whether women and men endorse sexist beliefs because they are unaware of the prevalence of different types of sexism in their personal lives. Study 1 (N = 120) and Study 2 (N = 83) used daily diaries as a method to encourage individuals "to see the unseen." Results revealed…

  15. Formative Evaluation of the Intel Seeing Reason Seminars (U.S.). Summary Report

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wexler, Dara; Culp, Katie McMillan

    2004-01-01

    During the summer and fall of 2003, Education Development Center's Center for Children and Technology (CCT) undertook a formative evaluation of Seeing Reason: Mindful Mapping of Cause & Effect, an Intel Teach to the Future professional development seminar. Intel's seminars are designed to introduce teachers to software tools that they can use to…

  16. The see-saw a vertical-lift incubator designed for channel catfish egg masses

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Channel catfish egg masses are typically incubated in baskets that are suspended in water that is agitated with rotating or oscillating paddles. We designed and tested a new vertical-lift incubator (the “See-Saw”) to incubate channel catfish egg masses. Preliminary research in commercial hatcheries...

  17. Promoting Justice in the Classroom: Looking beyond the Label to See the Individual

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonner, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Christian educators are faced with the task of promoting and encouraging justice from the viewpoint of Christ as they encounter the broad strokes of diversity within their classrooms and schools. Following Christ means that the Christian educator must look beyond the labels that have been applied by the religious and secular to see each student as…

  18. How Comic Books Can Change the Way Our Students See Literature: One Teacher's Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Versaci, Rocco

    2001-01-01

    Notes that the primary goal for teaching literature is to encourage students to see themselves as having a voice in the question of what constitutes literary merit by defining reasonable parameters by which to judge a creative work. Discusses how the author uses comic books in most of his composition classes and all of his literature classes. (SG)

  19. Why Turkish Pre-Service Teachers Prefer to See PowerPoint Presentations in Their Classes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savasci Acikalin, Funda

    2011-01-01

    PowerPoint has become very popular presentation software used in educational settings. The literature indicates that the effectiveness of PowerPoint presentations is inconclusive and that students have positive attitudes toward PowerPoint presentations. However, the question why students prefer to see PowerPoint in their classes is still in…

  20. 29 CFR 1917.16 - Line handling. (See also § 1917.95(b)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Line handling. (See also § 1917.95(b)). 1917.16 Section 1917.16 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.16 Line handling....

  1. 29 CFR 1917.16 - Line handling. (See also § 1917.95(b)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Line handling. (See also § 1917.95(b)). 1917.16 Section 1917.16 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.16 Line handling....

  2. 29 CFR 1917.16 - Line handling. (See also § 1917.95(b)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Line handling. (See also § 1917.95(b)). 1917.16 Section 1917.16 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.16 Line handling....

  3. 29 CFR 1917.16 - Line handling. (See also § 1917.95(b)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Line handling. (See also § 1917.95(b)). 1917.16 Section 1917.16 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.16 Line handling....

  4. 20 CFR 703.109 - Longshoremen's endorsement; see succeeding parts for endorsements for extensions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Longshoremen's endorsement; see succeeding parts for endorsements for extensions. 703.109 Section 703.109 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS... INSURANCE REGULATIONS Authorization of Insurance Carriers § 703.109 Longshoremen's endorsement;...

  5. 29 CFR 1917.16 - Line handling. (See also § 1917.95(b)).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Line handling. (See also § 1917.95(b)). 1917.16 Section 1917.16 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR (CONTINUED) MARINE TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.16 Line handling....

  6. "The Art of Seeing": Promoting Design in Education in 1930s England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grosvenor, Ian

    2005-01-01

    We teach them the craft of word-spinning. The damage is done, we should be teaching them the art of seeing. (Frank Pick) In 1937 the Council for Art and Industry sponsored a national exhibition in London of materials "for use in connection with teaching in elementary schools." Local Education Authorities were encouraged to send representatives to…

  7. Seeing White through Rap: A Classroom Exercise for Examining Race Using a Hip-Hop Video

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stein, Robert

    2011-01-01

    When discussing race in the classroom, getting students--including, importantly, white students--to see that all people have racial identities can be a challenge. This classroom exercise employs a rap video as a tool for helping to reveal white as a racial identity and for exploring the concept of white privilege--the idea that economic, social,…

  8. 40 CFR 122.4 - Prohibitions (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 21 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Prohibitions (applicable to State NPDES programs, see § 123.25). 122.4 Section 122.4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) WATER PROGRAMS EPA ADMINISTERED PERMIT PROGRAMS: THE NATIONAL POLLUTANT DISCHARGE ELIMINATION SYSTEM Definitions and General...

  9. 41 CFR 60-3.17 - Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2011-07-01 2009-07-01 true Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B). 60-3.17 Section 60-3.17 Public Contracts and Property Management Other... management objectives, a systematic plan based on sound organizational analysis and problem identification...

  10. 41 CFR 60-3.17 - Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2012-07-01 2009-07-01 true Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B). 60-3.17 Section 60-3.17 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts OFFICE OF FEDERAL CONTRACT COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS, EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR...

  11. 41 CFR 60-3.17 - Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B). 60-3.17 Section 60-3.17 Public Contracts and Property Management Other... management objectives, a systematic plan based on sound organizational analysis and problem identification...

  12. 41 CFR 60-3.17 - Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B). 60-3.17 Section 60-3.17 Public Contracts and Property Management Other... management objectives, a systematic plan based on sound organizational analysis and problem identification...

  13. 41 CFR 60-3.17 - Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Policy statement on affirmative action (see section 13B). 60-3.17 Section 60-3.17 Public Contracts and Property Management Other... management objectives, a systematic plan based on sound organizational analysis and problem identification...

  14. 20 CFR 703.109 - Longshoremen's endorsement; see succeeding parts for endorsements for extensions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Longshoremen's endorsement; see succeeding parts for endorsements for extensions. 703.109 Section 703.109 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES INSURANCE...

  15. Asian-American Acculturation, Severity of Concerns, and Willingness to See a Counselor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gim, Ruth H.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Surveyed Asian American college students, assessing severity of 24 problems. Factor analysis reduced 24 problems to 8 areas of concern. Found severity ratings for eight areas related to acculturation and ethnicity. Women and low-medium acculturated students expressed greater willingness to see counselor than did men and high-acculturated students.…

  16. Seeing-Ourselves-in-the-World: Developing Global Citizenship through International Mobility and Campus Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Killick, David

    2012-01-01

    Taking a model of global citizenship that is primarily a matter of seeing the self-in-the-world as one dwelling among others, this article focuses on experiences of students with individual "significant others" and among international student communities, drawing on a 3-year study into U.K. undergraduate students participating in international…

  17. Community Psychiatrists Who See Geriatric Patients: What's Training Got to Do with It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lieff, Susan; Andrew, Melissa; Tiberius, Richard

    2004-01-01

    Objective: This study examines the issues influencing psychiatrists' decisions to provide care to the under-served geriatric population. Methods: Community-based psychiatrists who see geriatric patients participated in focus group discussions exploring factors that influence the characteristics of their current practices. Results: Personal themes,…

  18. When People See News from a Non-Western Perspective: Cable News Network's "World Report."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Robert K.

    Much of what Americans "see" of the world is focused through the prism of the American news media. Broadcast journalists, in particular, provide the images that help shape viewers' ideas of the world. The recent introduction on U.S. television of Cable News Network's (CNN) "World Report" now provides the opportunity for American viewers to watch…

  19. Are Current SEE Test Procedures Adequate for Modern Devices and Electronics Technologies?

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    LaBel, Kenneth A.; Cohn, Lewis M.; Ladbury, Ray

    2008-01-01

    Believe it or not, this has been a simplistic look at starting a checklist for SEE testing. Given a memory that has 68 operating modes, when a SEU occurs that changes the mode, just how do you determine what's going on? Laser and microbeam tests can help, but not easily for modern packaged devices. Expanding this approach to other more complex devices such as ADCs or processors as well as analog devices should be considered. The recommendation is to use the existing text standards as the starting point. Just make your own checklist for the device/technology/issues being considered. At HEART 2007, we presented some of the burgeoning challenges associated with single event effect(SEE) testing of modern commercial memories: a) Package, device complexity, test fixture, and data analysis issues were discussed; b) "Complete" SEE Characterization would take 15 years; c) Qualification test costs have a greater than 4 times increase over the last decade. In this talk, we continue to explore the roles of technology with an emphasis on the existing SEE Test Procedures and some of the concerns related to modern devices. The primary objective of the briefing is to provide some overarching guidance concerning the many considerations involved in the formulation of a SEE test plan provided in a " Checklist" format.we note that there is no such thing as a complete check list and that the best approach is to develop a flexible test plan that takes into account the device type and functions, the device technology, circuit and package design, and, of course, test facility and beam characteristics.

  20. SEE Observations of Ionospheric Heating from HAARP Using Orbital Angular Momentum

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Briczinski, S. J.; Bernhardt, P. A.; Siefring, C. L.

    2013-12-01

    High power HF radio waves exciting the ionosphere provide aeronomers with a unique space-based laboratory capability. The High-Frequency Active Auroral Research Program (HAARP) in Gakona, Alaksa is the world's largest heating facility, providing effective radiated powers in the gigawatt range. Experiments performed at HAARP have allowed researchers to study many non-linear effects of wave-plasma interactions. Stimulated Electromagnetic Emission (SEE) is of interest to the ionospheric community for its diagnostic purposes. Typical SEE experiments at HAARP have focused on characterizing the parametric decay of the electromagnetic pump wave into several different wave modes such as upper and lower hybrid, ion acoustic, ion-Bernstein and electron-Bernstein. These production modes have been extensively studied at HAARP using traditional beam heating patterns and SEE detection. New results are present from HAARP experiments using an excitation mode that attempts to impart orbital angular momentum (OAM) into the heating region. This OAM mode is also referred to as a 'twisted beam.' Previous analysis of twisted beam heating shows that the SEE results obtained are nearly identical to the modes without OAM. Recent twisted beam heating experiments have produced SEE modes not previously characterized. These new modes are presented and discussed. One difference in the twisted beam mode is the heating region produced is in the shape of a ring as opposed to the more traditional 'solid spot' region. The ring heating pattern may be more conducive to the creation of artificial ionization clouds. The results of these runs include artificial ionization creation and evolution as pertaining to the twisted beam pattern.

  1. Recent Observations and Modeling of Narrowband Stimulated Electromagnetic Emissions SEEs at HAARP and EISCAT

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Scales, W.; Mahmoudian, A.; Fu, H.; Bordikar, M. R.; Samimi, A.; Bernhardt, P. A.; Briczinski, S. J., Jr.; Kosch, M. J.; Senior, A.; Isham, B.

    2014-12-01

    There has been significant interest in so-called narrowband Stimulated Electromagnetic Emission SEE over the past several years due to recent discoveries at the High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program HAARP facility near Gakone, Alaska. Narrowband SEE (NSEE) has been defined as spectral features in the SEE spectrum typically within 1 kHz of the transmitter (or pump) frequency. SEE is due to nonlinear processes leading to re-radiation at frequencies other than the pump wave frequency during heating the ionospheric plasma with high power HF radio waves. Although NSEE exhibits a richly complex structure, it has now been shown after a substantial number of observations at HAARP, that NSEE can be grouped into two basic classes. The first are those spectral features, associated with Stimulated Brillouin Scatter SBS, which typically occur when the pump frequency is not close to electron gyro-harmonic frequencies. Typically, these spectral features are within roughly 50 Hz of the pump wave frequency where it is to be noted that the O+ ion gyro-frequency is roughly 50 Hz. The second class of spectral features corresponds to the case when the pump wave frequency is typically within roughly 10 kHz of electron gyro-harmonic frequencies. In this case, spectral features ordered by harmonics of ion gyro-frequencies are typically observed, and termed Stimulated Ion Bernstein Scatter SIBS. This presentation will first provide an overview of the recent NSEE experimental observations at HAARP. Both Stimulated Brillouin Scatter SBS and Stimulated Ion Bernstein Scatter SIBS observations will be discussed as well as their relationship to each other. Possible theoretical formulation in terms of parametric decay instabilities and computational modeling will be provided. Possible applications of NSEE will be pointed out including triggering diagnostics for artificial ionization layer formation, proton precipitation event diagnostics, electron temperature measurements in the heated

  2. Framework See-Think as a Tool for Crowdsourcing Support - Case Study on Crisis Management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Netek, R.; Panek, J.

    2016-06-01

    See-Think-Do is a framework originally used as an approach focused on a service and product marketing on the Internet. Customers can be classified into three groups according to their involvement from potential users to real customers. The article presents an idea of public involvement in community mapping in three levels: "See"—almost any user; "Think"—potential contributors; and "Do"—interested users. The case study implements the See-Think-Do framework as an awareness-based approach used for The Crisis Map of the Czech Republic. It is an Ushahidi-based crowdsourcing platform for sharing spatial and multimedia information during crisis situations, e.g. disaster floods in 2013. While the current crisis projects use public mapping just at the onset of the disaster, according to See-Think-Do any user can be considered as a potential contributor even during the dormant period. The focus is put on the "See" and "Think" groups of contributors, which are currently ignored. The objective of this paper is to summarize approaches (social networks, mass-media, emailing, gamification, …) and tools (GIT/GIS, ICT, multimedia) for increasing the awareness about the project within the resting phase. That recruits a higher number of both active and passive users during the disaster. It allows the training in ICT, cartographical, spatial and GIS skills in a non-stressful way and the targeting on specific operators. Volunteers from the "Think" group may be used for data processing or rectification, GIS professionals from the "Do" group for data verification. The results refer that contributors with already established skills and required literacy (interface, data uploading) provide data faster and more accurate, the usability of the project increases based on users' comments.

  3. GreenView and GreenLand Applications Development on SEE-GRID Infrastructure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mihon, Danut; Bacu, Victor; Gorgan, Dorian; Mészáros, Róbert; Gelybó, Györgyi; Stefanut, Teodor

    2010-05-01

    The GreenView and GreenLand applications [1] have been developed through the SEE-GRID-SCI (SEE-GRID eInfrastructure for regional eScience) FP7 project co-funded by the European Commission [2]. The development of environment applications is a challenge for Grid technologies and software development methodologies. This presentation exemplifies the development of the GreenView and GreenLand applications over the SEE-GRID infrastructure by the Grid Application Development Methodology [3]. Today's environmental applications are used in vary domains of Earth Science such as meteorology, ground and atmospheric pollution, ground metal detection or weather prediction. These applications run on satellite images (e.g. Landsat, MERIS, MODIS, etc.) and the accuracy of output results depends mostly of the quality of these images. The main drawback of such environmental applications regards the need of computation power and storage power (some images are almost 1GB in size), in order to process such a large data volume. Actually, almost applications requiring high computation resources have approached the migration onto the Grid infrastructure. This infrastructure offers the computing power by running the atomic application components on different Grid nodes in sequential or parallel mode. The middleware used between the Grid infrastructure and client applications is ESIP (Environment Oriented Satellite Image Processing Platform), which is based on gProcess platform [4]. In its current format, gProcess is used for launching new processes on the Grid nodes, but also for monitoring the execution status of these processes. This presentation highlights two case studies of Grid based environmental applications, GreenView and GreenLand [5]. GreenView is used in correlation with MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) satellite images and meteorological datasets, in order to produce pseudo colored temperature and vegetation maps for different geographical CEE (Central

  4. Simultaneous seeing measurement through the Subaru Telescope in the visible and near-infrared bands for the wavelength dependence evaluation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oya, Shin; Terada, Hiroshi; Hayano, Yutaka; Watanabe, Makoto; Hattori, Masayuki; Minowa, Yosuke

    2016-07-01

    Stellar images have been obtained under natural seeing at visible and near-infrared wavelengths simultaneously through the Subaru Telescope at Mauna Kea. The image quality is evaluated by the full-width at the half-maximum (FWHM) of the stellar images. The observed ratio of FWHM in the V-band to the K-band is 1.54 ± 0.17 on average. The ratio shows tendency to decrease toward bad seeing as expected from the outer scale influence, though the number of the samples is still limited. The ratio is important for simulations to evaluate the performance of a ground-layer adaptive optics system at near-infrared wavelengths based on optical seeing statistics. The observed optical seeing is also compared with outside seeing to estimate the dome seeing of the Subaru Telescope.

  5. Seeing your way to health: the visual pedagogy of Bess Mensendieck's physical culture system.

    PubMed

    Veder, Robin

    2011-01-01

    This essay examines the images and looking practices central to Bess M. Mensendieck's (c.1866-1959) 'functional exercise' system, as documented in physical culture treatises published in Germany and the United States between 1906 and 1937. Believing that muscular realignment could not occur without seeing how the body worked, Mensendieck taught adult non-athletes to see skeletal alignment and muscular movement in their own and others' bodies. Three levels of looking practices are examined: didactic sequences; penetrating inspection and appreciation of physiological structures; and ideokinetic visual metaphors for guiding movement. With these techniques, Mensendieck's work bridged the body cultures of German Nacktkultur (nudism), American labour efficiency and the emerging physical education profession. This case study demonstrates how sport historians could expand their analyses to include practices of looking as well as questions of visual representation. PMID:21949947

  6. Monte Carlo predictions of proton SEE cross-sections from heavy ion test data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xi, Kai; Geng, Chao; Zhang,Zhan-Gang; Hou, Ming-Dong; Sun, You-Mei; Luo, Jie; Liu, Tian-Qi; Wang, Bin; Ye, Bing; Yin, Ya-Nan; Liu, Jie

    2016-06-01

    The limits of previous methods prompt us to design a new approach (named PRESTAGE) to predict proton single event effect (SEE) cross-sections using heavy-ion test data. To more realistically simulate the SEE mechanisms, we adopt Geant4 and a location-dependent strategy to describe the physics processes and the sensitivity of the device. Cross-sections predicted by PRESTAGE for over twenty devices are compared with the measured data. Evidence shows that PRESTAGE can calculate not only single event upsets induced by indirect proton ionization, but also direct ionization effects and single event latch-ups. Most of the PRESTAGE calculated results agree with the experimental data within a factor of 2–3. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (11179003, 10975164, 10805062, 11005134)

  7. ANALYSIS OF SEEING-INDUCED POLARIZATION CROSS-TALK AND MODULATION SCHEME PERFORMANCE

    SciTech Connect

    Casini, R.; De Wijn, A. G.; Judge, P. G.

    2012-09-20

    We analyze the generation of polarization cross-talk in Stokes polarimeters by atmospheric seeing, and its effects on the noise statistics of spectropolarimetric measurements for both single-beam and dual-beam instruments. We investigate the time evolution of seeing-induced correlations between different states of one modulation cycle and compare the response to these correlations of two popular polarization modulation schemes in a dual-beam system. Extension of the formalism to encompass an arbitrary number of modulation cycles enables us to compare our results with earlier work. Even though we discuss examples pertinent to solar physics, the general treatment of the subject and its fundamental results might be useful to a wider community.

  8. See-through multi-projection three-dimensional display using transparent anisotropic diffuser.

    PubMed

    Hong, Jong-Young; Park, Soon-Gi; Lee, Chang-Kun; Moon, Seokil; Kim, Sun-Je; Hong, Jisoo; Kim, Youngmin; Lee, Byoungho

    2016-06-27

    We propose a see-through multi-projection three-dimensional (3D) display using a transparent anisotropic diffuser. By immersing a metal-coated anisotropic diffuser into index matching oil which has the same refractive index of anisotropic diffuser, a transparent anisotropic diffuser is implemented. The reflectance of the transparent anisotropic diffuser is analyzed with the transfer matrix. Two multi-projection methods are proposed based on reflection type integral imaging and multi-view method. Especially, the reflection type multi-view-based system is realized with a curved anisotropic diffuser. High resolution see-through 3D display can be realized with the proposed methods. They can be used in various applications with the two multi-projection methods. In order to show the augmented reality features, real objects and virtual 3D images are presented at the same time in the experimental setup. PMID:27410572

  9. The registration algorithms for a video see-through augmented reality tabletop system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Yang; Zhou, Ya; Yan, Da-yuan; Ma, Jin-tao; Liu, Xian-peng

    2008-03-01

    The traditional tabletop AR systems general use head mounted display (HMD) that has some shortcomings, such as the imprecise precision and low flexibility. To solve these problems, a new design of video see-through tabletop system is presented. In this paper, we describe an outline of the system and the registration algorithms for the system. A system origin calibration algorithm is proposed. In the calibration experiment, a sign cube is introduced for the first shooting of the camera. The position of the sign cube becomes the origin of the world reference frame, in which the translation and rotation of the virtual objects relative to the origin can be calculated easily. The experimental results show that the video see-through tabletop system meets the precision and flexibility requirements very well.

  10. Technology review for silicon imagers-based see-through-silicon inspection and metrology

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, Wei; Guest, Max; Hart, Darcy

    2012-03-01

    Semiconductor see-through-silicon metrology and inspection applications use traditionally InGaAs based cameras due to perfect spectral sensitivity. But InGaAs cameras do not carry equivalent advantages as Silicon based imagers such as pixel size, pixel array resolution and through-put etc. This paper first reviews the novel technologies which dramatically enhance silicon imagers' sensitivity for this see-through silicon application. Inspection through-put is analyzed based on multiple system implementation:, start-stop scan mode vs. continuous scan mode, 2D cameras vs. TDI line scan cameras, against to traditional InGaAs camera based continuous scan platform. The simulation data shows that systematic through-put based on 2D silicon cameras can be competitive to today's InGaAs system, while TDI line scan system can be much faster than system based on near future's high resolution and high speed InGaAs cameras.

  11. Software Warranties: What You See May Not Be What You Get

    PubMed Central

    Novick, Harold L.

    1983-01-01

    Every sale or lease of a computer program involves a number of legally binding promises that a number of factual conditions are true. If these promises, legally called warranties, are not true, and you do not get what you see, then you may be entitled to certain damages. Sellers, knowing about their liability for such damages, try to minimize their exposure to them. They do this by trying to deny the availability of the warranties with disclaimers and by attempting to condition and limit any damages for which they might be held responsible. Whether you can make sure that what you see is what the seller gives you depends upon many factors. These factors include whether the software is for business or personal use, whether it is packaged or customized, the type of damage you suffered, whether the promise or warranty was implied or was express, and whether the seller has made a proper disclaimer or limitation of damage.

  12. Monocular 3D see-through head-mounted display via complex amplitude modulation.

    PubMed

    Gao, Qiankun; Liu, Juan; Han, Jian; Li, Xin

    2016-07-25

    The complex amplitude modulation (CAM) technique is applied to the design of the monocular three-dimensional see-through head-mounted display (3D-STHMD) for the first time. Two amplitude holograms are obtained by analytically dividing the wavefront of the 3D object to the real and the imaginary distributions, and then double amplitude-only spatial light modulators (A-SLMs) are employed to reconstruct the 3D images in real-time. Since the CAM technique can inherently present true 3D images to the human eye, the designed CAM-STHMD system avoids the accommodation-convergence conflict of the conventional stereoscopic see-through displays. The optical experiments further demonstrated that the proposed system has continuous and wide depth cues, which enables the observer free of eye fatigue problem. The dynamic display ability is also tested in the experiments and the results showed the possibility of true 3D interactive display. PMID:27464184

  13. TIMED GUVI and SEE Observations of Solar Irradiance Variations and the Terrestrial Airglow Response

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wolven, B.; Paxton, L.; Morrison, D.; Woods, T.

    2004-12-01

    Since the launch of the TIMED mission in 2001, the SEE and GUVI instruments have observed solar radiance changes during numerous solar flares, and measured their short-term impact on the terrestrial airglow, manifested as changes in both resonantly scattered and photoelectron excited emissions. The continuous coverage and higher time resolution of the GUVI airglow observations, in conjunction with the multispectral (5-color) image format, constitute a unique source of information on the time variation of the solar irradiance in different spectral regions. GUVI limb observations provide additional data on heating and composition changes in the thermosphere in response to these energy inputs. We examine changes in the observed airglow between quiet and flare conditions, and attempt to understand the differences between SEE measurements and the radiances inferred from GUVI airglow data.

  14. Does Seeing Faces of Young Black Boys Facilitate the Identification of Threatening Stimuli?

    PubMed

    Todd, Andrew R; Thiem, Kelsey C; Neel, Rebecca

    2016-03-01

    Pervasive stereotypes linking Black men with violence and criminality can lead to implicit cognitive biases, including the misidentification of harmless objects as weapons. In four experiments, we investigated whether these biases extend even to young Black boys (5-year-olds). White participants completed sequential priming tasks in which they categorized threatening and nonthreatening objects and words after brief presentations of faces of various races (Black and White) and ages (children and adults). Results consistently revealed that participants had less difficulty (i.e., faster response times, fewer errors) identifying threatening stimuli and more difficulty identifying nonthreatening stimuli after seeing Black faces than after seeing White faces, and this racial bias was equally strong following adult and child faces. Process-dissociation-procedure analyses further revealed that these effects were driven entirely by automatic (i.e., unintentional) racial biases. The collective findings suggest that the perceived threat commonly associated with Black men may generalize even to young Black boys. PMID:26833757

  15. TRAP/SEE Code Users Manual for Predicting Trapped Radiation Environments

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Armstrong, T. W.; Colborn, B. L.

    2000-01-01

    TRAP/SEE is a PC-based computer code with a user-friendly interface which predicts the ionizing radiation exposure of spacecraft having orbits in the Earth's trapped radiation belts. The code incorporates the standard AP8 and AE8 trapped proton and electron models but also allows application of an improved database interpolation method. The code treats low-Earth as well as highly-elliptical Earth orbits, taking into account trajectory perturbations due to gravitational forces from the Moon and Sun, atmospheric drag, and solar radiation pressure. Orbit-average spectra, peak spectra per orbit, and instantaneous spectra at points along the orbit trajectory are calculated. Described in this report are the features, models, model limitations and uncertainties, input and output descriptions, and example calculations and applications for the TRAP/SEE code.

  16. DigSee: disease gene search engine with evidence sentences (version cancer)

    PubMed Central

    Kim, Jeongkyun; So, Seongeun; Lee, Hee-Jin; Park, Jong C.; Kim, Jung-jae; Lee, Hyunju

    2013-01-01

    Biological events such as gene expression, regulation, phosphorylation, localization and protein catabolism play important roles in the development of diseases. Understanding the association between diseases and genes can be enhanced with the identification of involved biological events in this association. Although biological knowledge has been accumulated in several databases and can be accessed through the Web, there is no specialized Web tool yet allowing for a query into the relationship among diseases, genes and biological events. For this task, we developed DigSee to search MEDLINE abstracts for evidence sentences describing that ‘genes’ are involved in the development of ‘cancer’ through ‘biological events’. DigSee is available through http://gcancer.org/digsee. PMID:23761452

  17. Operational helmet-mounted display model: prediction of visible grayshades and see-through spectral data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harding, Thomas H.; Klymenko, Victor; Martin, John S.; Rash, Clarence E.

    2002-08-01

    Combat developers and aviation program managers require knowledge of helmet-mounted display (HMD) performance under operational conditions in order to determine HMD luminance and contrast requirements. In order to ease this problem, we developed a computer model that predicts available gray-shades based on hardware, ambient light condition, and HMD properties. Included in the model are windscreens, visors, laser protection devices, and properties of developed and fielded HMDs. A graphical user interface and user variables specification allow the developer/manager to model HMDs in specific aircraft. Included with the model is a color model that predicts see-through color imagery. The model produces a visualization of see-through imagery superimposed with HMD symbology based upon model predictions. This allows the user to view simulated imagery as though he were wearing the HMD.

  18. Damped oscillations in a multiple delayed feedback NF-[Formula: see text]B signaling module.

    PubMed

    Yu, Wen-Ting; Tang, Jun; Ma, Jun; Luo, Jin-Ming; Yang, Xian-Qing

    2015-12-01

    The NF-[Formula: see text]B signaling system regulates a number of cellular processes. Recent studies with simplified models found a damped function of the dual delayed feedback NF-[Formula: see text]B signaling module. We use a computational model to investigate how multiple delayed feedback aids achieving damping oscillation in the system and how internal noise can influence the damping function. A curve-fitting method (CFM) is introduced to quantify the damped oscillation. Our results show that (1) the structure of multiple delayed feedback, containing double or triple significantly delayed feedback, determines achieving damped oscillation. (2) Internal noise could aid the system to achieve damped oscillation under almost all circumstances. PMID:26290058

  19. MetaSee: An Interactive and Extendable Visualization Toolbox for Metagenomic Sample Analysis and Comparison

    PubMed Central

    Song, Baoxing; Su, Xiaoquan; Xu, Jian; Ning, Kang

    2012-01-01

    The NGS (next generation sequencing)-based metagenomic data analysis is becoming the mainstream for the study of microbial communities. Faced with a large amount of data in metagenomic research, effective data visualization is important for scientists to effectively explore, interpret and manipulate such rich information. The visualization of the metagenomic data, especially multi-sample data, is one of the most critical challenges. The different data sample sources, sequencing approaches and heterogeneous data formats make robust and seamless data visualization difficult. Moreover, researchers have different focuses on metagenomic studies: taxonomical or functional, sample-centric or genome-centric, single sample or multiple samples, etc. However, current efforts in metagenomic data visualization cannot fulfill all of these needs, and it is extremely hard to organize all of these visualization effects in a systematic manner. An extendable, interactive visualization tool would be the method of choice to fulfill all of these visualization needs. In this paper, we have present MetaSee, an extendable toolbox that facilitates the interactive visualization of metagenomic samples of interests. The main components of MetaSee include: (I) a core visualization engine that is composed of different views for comparison of multiple samples: Global view, Phylogenetic view, Sample view and Taxa view, as well as link-out for more in-depth analysis; (II) front-end user interface with real metagenomic models that connect to the above core visualization engine and (III) open-source portal for the development of plug-ins for MetaSee. This integrative visualization tool not only provides the visualization effects, but also enables researchers to perform in-depth analysis of the metagenomic samples of interests. Moreover, its open-source portal allows for the design of plug-ins for MetaSee, which would facilitate the development of any additional visualization effects. PMID:23145044

  20. Observers, objects, and the embedded eye; or, seeing and knowing in Ptolemy and Galen.

    PubMed

    Lehoux, Daryn

    2007-09-01

    This essay explores the ways in which theories and entities are culturally and intellectually embedded in historical and disciplinary contexts by looking at the development of a set of related theories of perception that emerged in response to contemporary Sceptical criticisms of the very possibility of doing empirical science. At the same time, it attempts to bring into focus a puzzle about precisely how (and how deeply) seeing itself is conditioned. PMID:17970421

  1. Proton Single Event Effects (SEE) Testing of the Myrinet Crossbar Switch and Network Interface Card

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Howard, James W., Jr.; LaBel, Kenneth A.; Carts, Martin A.; Stattel, Ronald; Irwin, Timothy L.; Day, John H. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    As part of the Remote Exploration and Experimentation Project (REE), work was performed to do a proton SEE (Single Event Effect) evaluation of the Myricom network protocol system (Myrinet). This testing included the evaluation of the Myrinet crossbar switch and the Network Interface Card (NIC). To this end, two crossbar switch devices and five components in the NIC were exposed to the proton beam at the University of California at Davis Crocker Nuclear Laboratory (CNL).

  2. ETR BASEMENT, TRA642, INTERIOR. BASEMENT. CUBICLE INTERIOR (SEE PHOTOS ID33G101 ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    ETR BASEMENT, TRA-642, INTERIOR. BASEMENT. CUBICLE INTERIOR (SEE PHOTOS ID-33-G-101 AND ID-33-G-102) WITH TANK AND SODIUM-RELATED APPARATUS. CAMERA STANDS BEFORE ROLL-UP DOOR SHOWN IN PHOTO ID-33-G-101. INL NEGATIVE NO. HD24-3-3. Mike Crane, Photographer, 11/2000 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

  3. Single Event Effects (SEE) Testing of Embedded DSP Cores within Microsemi RTAX4000D Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) Devices

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Perez, Christopher E.; Berg, Melanie D.; Friendlich, Mark R.

    2011-01-01

    Motivation for this work is: (1) Accurately characterize digital signal processor (DSP) core single-event effect (SEE) behavior (2) Test DSP cores across a large frequency range and across various input conditions (3) Isolate SEE analysis to DSP cores alone (4) Interpret SEE analysis in terms of single-event upsets (SEUs) and single-event transients (SETs) (5) Provide flight missions with accurate estimate of DSP core error rates and error signatures.

  4. 2 CFR 180.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false How do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of Federal Agency Officials Regarding Transactions § 180.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You...

  5. 34 CFR 85.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR, 1986 Comp., p. 189); E.O 12689 (3 CFR, 1989 Comp., p. 235); 20 U.S.C. 1082, 1094, 1221e-3 and... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or... How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  6. 21 CFR 1404.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1404.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an agency...

  7. 21 CFR 1404.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1404.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an agency...

  8. 34 CFR 85.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... CFR, 1986 Comp., p. 189); E.O 12689 (3 CFR, 1989 Comp., p. 235); 20 U.S.C. 1082, 1094, 1221e-3 and... 34 Education 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or... How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  9. 2 CFR 180.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? 180.430 Section 180.430 Grants and Agreements OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET... § 180.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person...

  10. 21 CFR 1404.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1404.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an agency...

  11. 21 CFR 1404.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1404.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an agency...

  12. 21 CFR 1404.430 - How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How do I check to see if a person is excluded or... Officials Regarding Transactions § 1404.430 How do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? You check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified in two ways: (a) You as an agency...

  13. 2 CFR 180.425 - When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2 Grants and Agreements 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false When do I check to see if a person is...) Responsibilities of Federal Agency Officials Regarding Transactions § 180.425 When do I check to see if a person is excluded or disqualified? As a Federal agency official, you must check to see if a person is excluded...

  14. NASA's Space Environments and Effects (SEE) Program: Contamination Engineering Technology Development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pearson, Steven D.; Clifton, K. Stuart

    1999-01-01

    ABSTRACT The return of the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) in 1990 brought a wealth of space exposure data on materials, paints, solar cells, etc. and data on the many space environments. The effects of the harsh space environments can provide damaging or even disabling effects on spacecraft, its materials, and its instruments. In partnership with industry, academia, and other government agencies, National Aeronautics & Space Administration's (NASA's) Space Environments & Effects (SEE) Program defines the space environments and provides technology development to accommodate or mitigate these harmful environments on the spacecraft. This program provides a very comprehensive and focused approach to understanding the space environment, to define the best techniques for both flight and ground-based experimentation, to update the models which predict both the environments and the environmental effects on spacecraft, and finally to ensure that this information is properly maintained and inserted into spacecraft design programs. This paper will describe the current SEE Program and will present SEE contamination engineering technology development and risk mitigation for future spacecraft design.

  15. The first see-through frog created by breeding: description, inheritance patterns, and dermal chromatophore structure.

    PubMed

    Sumida, Masayuki; Islam, Mohammed Mafizul; Igawa, Takeshi; Kurabayashi, Atsushi; Furukawa, Yukari; Sano, Naomi; Fujii, Tamotsu; Yoshizaki, Norio

    2016-01-01

    We have succeeded in creating see-through frogs from natural color mutants of the Japanese brown frog Rana japonica, which usually possesses an ochre or brown back; this coloration enables the organs, blood vessels, and eggs to be observed through the skin without performing dissection. We crossed two kinds of recessive color mutant (black-eyed and gray-eyed) frogs through artificial insemination, and F2 offspring produced frogs whose skin is translucent throughout the life cycle. Three kinds of dermal chromatophores-xanthophores, iridophores, and melanophores-are observed in a layered arrangement in the skin of wild-type frogs, but few chromatophores were present in the skin of the see-through frogs. The translucent skin enables observation of organ growth and cancer formation and progression in the animal, which can be monitored over its entire life without the need for dissection. See-through frogs thus provide a useful animal model for environmental, medical, and biological research. PMID:27080918

  16. The early phase of /see symbol/ production development in adult Japanese learners of English.

    PubMed

    Saito, Kazuya; Munro, Murray J

    2014-12-01

    Although previous research indicates that Japanese speakers' second language (L2) perception and production of English /see symbol/ may improve with increased L2 experience, relatively little is known about the fine phonetic details of their /see symbol/ productions, especially during the early phase of L2 speech learning. This cross-sectional study examined acoustic properties of word-initial /see symbol/ from 60 Japanese learners with a length of residence of between one month and one year in Canada. Their performance was compared to that of 15 native speakers of English and 15 low-proficiency Japanese learners of English. Formant frequencies (F2 and F3) and F1 transition durations were evaluated under three task conditions--word reading, sentence reading, and timed picture description. Learners with as little as two to three months of residence demonstrated target-like F2 frequencies. In addition, increased LOR was predictive of more target-like transition durations. Although the learners showed some improvement in F3 as a function of LOR, they did so mainly at a controlled level of speech production. The findings suggest that during the early phase of L2 segmental development, production accuracy is task-dependent and is influenced by the availability of L1 phonetic cues for redeployment in L2. PMID:25536843

  17. The effect of seeing the rhythm display on performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

    PubMed

    Silfvast, T; Paakkonen, H; Gorski, J

    2002-10-01

    Semiautomated external defibrillators are widely used by prehospital emergency personnel. Some of the devices have a rhythm display and some show only text commands on the screen. To evaluate the effects on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performance of seeing the rhythm during resuscitation, 60 fire-fighter students were randomly divided in two groups and trained to use either a defibrillator with a rhythm display or one without a display. The students in both groups formed teams of two rescuers, and their performance of CPR on a manikin was tested using a predefined rhythm sequence in a simulated cardiac arrest situation. The teams using a defibrillator with a rhythm display more often interrupted CPR for pulse checks than those who did not see the rhythm (P=0.003). The duration of CPR between rhythm analyses was shorter in the group who saw the rhythm on the screen (P=0.002). Our data suggest that seeing an organised rhythm on a monitor during CPR interferes with adherence to CPR algorithms which may have a negative influence on the performance of CPR. PMID:12297350

  18. Evidence for magma mixing within the Laacher See magma chamber (East Eifel, Germany)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Worner, G.; Wright, T.L.

    1984-01-01

    The final pyroclastic products of the late Quaternary phonolitic Laacher See volcano (East Eifel, W.-Germany) range from feldspar-rich gray phonolite to dark olivine-bearing rocks with variable amounts of feldspar and Al-augite megacrysts. Petrographically and chemically homogeneous clasts occur along with composite lapilli spanning the compositional range from phonolite (MgO 0.9%) to mafic hybrid rock (MgO 7.0%) for all major and trace elements. Both a basanitic and a phonolitic phenocryst paragenesis occur within individual clasts. The phonolite-derived phenocrysts are characterized by glass inclusions of evolved composition, rare inverse zoning and strong resorption indicating disequilibrium with the mafic hybrid matrix. Basanitic (magnesian) clinopyroxene and olivine, in contrast, show skeletal (normally zoned) overgrowths indicative of post-mixing crystallization. In accord with petrographical and other chemical evidence, mass balance calculations suggest mixing of an evolved Laacher See phonolite containing variable amounts of mineral cumulates and a megacryst-bearing basanite magma. Magma mixing occurred just prior to eruption (hours) of the lowermost magma layer of the Laacher See magma chamber but did not trigger the volcanic activity. ?? 1984.

  19. Eyetracked optical see-through head-mounted display as an AAC device

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hua, Hong; Hu, Xinda; Gao, Chunyu; Qin, Xiao

    2014-06-01

    An eye-tracked head-mounted display (ET-HMD) system is able to display virtual images as a classical headmounted display (HMD) does, while additionally tracking the gaze direction of the user. An HMD with fullyintegrated eyetracking capability offers multi-fold benefits, not only to fundamental scientific research but also to emerging applications of such technology. A key limitation of the state-of-the-art ET-HMD technology is the lack of compactness and portability. In this paper, we present an innovative design of a high resolution optical see-through ET-HMD system based on freeform optical technology. A prototype system is demonstrated, which offers a goggle-like compact form factor, non-obstructive see-through field of view, true high-definition image resolution for the virtual display, and better than 0.5 arc minute of angular resolution for the see-through view. We will demonstrate the application of the technology as an assistive and augmentative communication (AAC) device.

  20. The first see-through frog created by breeding: description, inheritance patterns, and dermal chromatophore structure

    PubMed Central

    Sumida, Masayuki; Islam, Mohammed Mafizul; Igawa, Takeshi; Kurabayashi, Atsushi; Furukawa, Yukari; Sano, Naomi; Fujii, Tamotsu; Yoshizaki, Norio

    2016-01-01

    We have succeeded in creating see-through frogs from natural color mutants of the Japanese brown frog Rana japonica, which usually possesses an ochre or brown back; this coloration enables the organs, blood vessels, and eggs to be observed through the skin without performing dissection. We crossed two kinds of recessive color mutant (black-eyed and gray-eyed) frogs through artificial insemination, and F2 offspring produced frogs whose skin is translucent throughout the life cycle. Three kinds of dermal chromatophores—xanthophores, iridophores, and melanophores—are observed in a layered arrangement in the skin of wild-type frogs, but few chromatophores were present in the skin of the see-through frogs. The translucent skin enables observation of organ growth and cancer formation and progression in the animal, which can be monitored over its entire life without the need for dissection. See-through frogs thus provide a useful animal model for environmental, medical, and biological research. PMID:27080918

  1. When seeing is more than looking: Intentional gaze modulates object desirability.

    PubMed

    Manera, Valeria; Elena, Marco R; Bayliss, Andrew P; Becchio, Cristina

    2014-08-01

    Objects in the environment have a perceived value that can be changed through social influence. A subtle way to influence object evaluation is through eye gaze: Objects looked at by others are perceived as more likable than objects that are not looked at. In 3 experiments, we directly tested the hypothesis that this liking effect depends on the processing of the intentional relation between other's eye gaze and the object being looked at. To this end, we used a novel paradigm in which participants observed a face looking left or right behind an opaque barrier. Under all tested conditions, we found a gaze cueing effect on attention: Looked-at objects were categorized faster than looked-away objects. In contrast, observed gaze only led to a boost in affective evaluation for the target object when observers had the impression that the face could see the object behind the barrier, but not when observers had the impression that the face could not see the object. These findings indicate that observers make a sophisticated use of social gaze cues in the affective evaluation of objects: Objects looked at by others are liked more than objects looked away but only when others can see the objects. PMID:24749635

  2. Seeing with the eyes shut: neural basis of enhanced imagery following Ayahuasca ingestion.

    PubMed

    de Araujo, Draulio B; Ribeiro, Sidarta; Cecchi, Guillermo A; Carvalho, Fabiana M; Sanchez, Tiago A; Pinto, Joel P; de Martinis, Bruno S; Crippa, Jose A; Hallak, Jaime E C; Santos, Antonio C

    2012-11-01

    The hallucinogenic brew Ayahuasca, a rich source of serotonergic agonists and reuptake inhibitors, has been used for ages by Amazonian populations during religious ceremonies. Among all perceptual changes induced by Ayahuasca, the most remarkable are vivid "seeings." During such seeings, users report potent imagery. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging during a closed-eyes imagery task, we found that Ayahuasca produces a robust increase in the activation of several occipital, temporal, and frontal areas. In the primary visual area, the effect was comparable in magnitude to the activation levels of natural image with the eyes open. Importantly, this effect was specifically correlated with the occurrence of individual perceptual changes measured by psychiatric scales. The activity of cortical areas BA30 and BA37, known to be involved with episodic memory and the processing of contextual associations, was also potentiated by Ayahuasca intake during imagery. Finally, we detected a positive modulation by Ayahuasca of BA 10, a frontal area involved with intentional prospective imagination, working memory and the processing of information from internal sources. Therefore, our results indicate that Ayahuasca seeings stem from the activation of an extensive network generally involved with vision, memory, and intention. By boosting the intensity of recalled images to the same level of natural image, Ayahuasca lends a status of reality to inner experiences. It is therefore understandable why Ayahuasca was culturally selected over many centuries by rain forest shamans to facilitate mystical revelations of visual nature. PMID:21922603

  3. SEE: improving nurse-patient communications and preventing software piracy in nurse call applications.

    PubMed

    Unluturk, Mehmet S

    2012-06-01

    Nurse call system is an electrically functioning system by which patients can call upon from a bedside station or from a duty station. An intermittent tone shall be heard and a corridor lamp located outside the room starts blinking with a slow or a faster rate depending on the call origination. It is essential to alert nurses on time so that they can offer care and comfort without any delay. There are currently many devices available for a nurse call system to improve communication between nurses and patients such as pagers, RFID (radio frequency identification) badges, wireless phones and so on. To integrate all these devices into an existing nurse call system and make they communicate with each other, we propose software client applications called bridges in this paper. We also propose a window server application called SEE (Supervised Event Executive) that delivers messages among these devices. A single hardware dongle is utilized for authentication and copy protection for SEE. Protecting SEE with securities provided by dongle only is a weak defense against hackers. In this paper, we develop some defense patterns for hackers such as calculating checksums in runtime, making calls to dongle from multiple places in code and handling errors properly by logging them into database. PMID:21222218

  4. Treatment outcome of supraglottoplasty vs. wait-and-see policy in patients with laryngomalacia.

    PubMed

    van der Heijden, Martijn; Dikkers, Frederik G; Halmos, Gyorgy B

    2016-06-01

    In most cases, laryngomalacia presents as a mild disease, and the symptoms resolve after wait-and-see policy. Up to 20 % of patients present with severe laryngomalacia and may require surgery (i.e. supraglottoplasty); however, the indication for surgery is not firmly established yet. The goal of this study is to determine whether supraglottoplasty results in a better outcome than wait-and-see and to investigate how different comorbidities influence outcome. A retrospective study of pediatric cases of in a tertiary referral center was performed. Photo and video documentation was available and revised in all cases. Electronic and paper charts were reviewed for the following variables: gender, sex, gestational age, birth weight, symptoms, comorbidity, date of endoscopy, severity and type of laryngomalacia, treatment modality and technique and follow-up data and a total 89 patients were included. Supraglottoplasty was found to lead to significantly faster complete improvement of laryngomalacia than wait-and-see policy (5 weeks vs. 29, p = 0.026). Synchronous airway lesions (SALs) were present in 40.4 % of patients and were associated with prolonged symptoms of laryngomalacia (38.5 weeks vs. 14.5, p = 0.043). Supraglottoplasty is safe and effective in treatment of severe laryngomalacia. SALs and comorbidities are frequently found in patients with laryngomalacia and are responsible for longer onset of complaints. PMID:26924742

  5. The Holy See on sexual and reproductive health rights: conservative in position, dynamic in response.

    PubMed

    Coates, Amy L; Hill, Peter S; Rushton, Simon; Balen, Julie

    2014-11-01

    The Holy See has engaged extensively in United Nations negotiations on issues concerning sexual and reproductive health rights as they have emerged and evolved in a dynamic global agenda over the past two decades. A meta-narrative review of the mission's official statements was conducted to examine the positions, discourses and tensions across the broad range of agendas. The Holy See represents a fundamentally conservative and stable position on a range of sexual and reproductive health rights concerns. However, the mission has been dynamic in the ways in which it has forwarded its arguments, increasingly relying upon secularised technical claims and empirical evidence; strategically interpreting human rights norms in ways consistent with its own position; and framing sexuality and reproduction in the context of "the family". Seen in the broader context of a "religious resurgence" in international relations, and in light of the fact that the Holy See has frequently sought to form alliances with conservative State and non-State actors, these findings make an important contribution to understanding the slow progress as well as the potential obstacles that lie ahead in the battle to realise sexual and reproductive health rights in a changing global political environment. PMID:25555769

  6. Isotopic constraints on open system evolution of the Laacher See magma chamber (Eifel, West Germany)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wörner, G.; Staudigel, H.; Zindler, A.

    1985-09-01

    The Laacher See phonolite tephra sequence (11,000 years B.P.) of the Quaternary East Eifel volcanic field (West Germany) represents an inverted, chemically zoned magma column. Mafic and differentiated phonolites, respectively, represent the lowermost and uppermost erupted portion of the Laacher See magma chamber. Sr and Nd isotopic compositions of whole rocks, matrices and phenocrysts have been analyzed in order to provide constraints for open versus closed system evolution of the Laacher See magma chamber. 87Sr/ 86Sr isotope ratios of mafic phonolites and their phenocrysts are slightly more radiogenic than parental East Eifel basanite magmas. Bulk rock samples show a drastic increase in 87Sr/ 86Sr from mafic towards the most differentiated compositions that were erupted from the top of the magma chamber. Glass matrix separates show a parallel, but less pronounced, increase in 87Sr/ 86Sr . Phenocrysts, in contrast, show a narrow range in 87Sr/ 86Sr with a slight, but significant, increase towards the top of the magma chamber. Phenocrysts from the uppermost portion of the magma column were not in isotopic (or chemical) equilibrium with their host matrices. 143Nd/ 144Nd isotope ratios for whole rocks, matrices, and phenocrysts fall within a restricted range similar to that of East Eifel mafic magmas. A representative suite of crustal rocks (lower crustal granulites, quartzo-feldspathic gneisses, mica schists, Devonian slates and graywacke) was also analyzed in order to permit an evaluation of possible assimilation models. Our results are consistent with chemical evolution of the zoned Laacher See magma chamber mainly through crystal fractionation accompanied by minor amounts of assimilation. Slight contamination of the magma system may have involved (a) the assimilation of gneisses (?) and mica schists during the initial stage of magma chamber evolution (basanite-mafic phonolite), (b) combined assimilation-fractional crystallization (AFC) concurrent with the second

  7. SEE HYDROPOWER Project, targeted to improve water resource management for a growing renewable energy production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peviani, Maximo; Alterach, Julio; Danelli, Andrea

    2010-05-01

    The three years SEE HYDROPOWER project started on June 2009, financed by the South-East Transnational Cooperation Programme (EU), aims to a sustainable exploitation of water concerning hydropower production in SEE countries, looking up to renewable energy sources development, preserving environmental quality and preventing flood risk. Hydropower is the most important renewable resource for energy production in the SEE countries but creates ecological impacts on a local scale. If on one hand, hydroelectric production has to be maintained and likely increased following the demand trend and RES-e Directive, on the other hand, hydropower utilisation often involves severe hydrological changes, damages the connectivity of water bodies and injures river ecosystems. The project gives a strong contribution to the integration between the Water Frame and the RES-e Directives in the involved countries. The SEE HYDROPOWER project promotes the optimal use of water, as multiple natural resources, in order to face the increasing regional electrical-energy demand. Furthermore, SEE HYDROPOWER defines specific needs and test methodologies & tools, in order to help public bodies to take decisions about planning and management of water and hydropower concessions, considering all multi-purposes uses, taking into account the environmental sustainability of natural resources and flooding risks. Investigations is carried on to define common strategies & methods for preserving river with particular concerns to aquatic ecosystems, considering the required Minimum Environmental Flow, macro-habitat quality, migratory fishes and related environmental issues. Other problem addressed by the Project is the contrast between Public Administration and Environmental associations on one side and the Hydropower producers on the other side, for the exploitation of water bodies. Competition between water users (for drinking, irrigation, industrial processes, power generation, etc.) is becoming a serious

  8. “I'm thrilled that you see that”: Guiding parents to see success in interactions with children with deafness and autistic spectrum disorder

    PubMed Central

    Pilnick, Alison; James, Deborah

    2013-01-01

    Children with deafness who are also on the autistic spectrum are a group with complex support needs. Carers worry about their ability to communicate with them, and are often uncertain about what constitutes ‘good’ communication in this context. This paper analyses the use of a therapeutic intervention, Video Interaction Guidance (VIG), which originates in developmental psychology and focuses on the relational foundations of communication. We draw on a single case using an ethnomethodological/conversation analytic framework, and in particular Goodwin's (1994) work on ‘professional vision’, to show how the ability to see ‘success’ is a socially situated activity. Since what counts as success in this setting is often far removed from everyday ideas of good communication, how guiders facilitate particular ‘ways of seeing’ are critical for both the support of carers and the impact of the intervention. We argue that this work has implications in three areas: for the practice of VIG itself; for the role of qualitative, interactional research addressing the way in which interaction-based interventions are protocolised, enacted and assessed; and for the way in which expertise is conceptualised in professional/client interactions in health and social care. PMID:24355475

  9. 29 CFR 1918.51 - General requirements (See also § 1918.11 and appendix III of this part).

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false General requirements (See also § 1918.11 and appendix III of this part). 1918.51 Section 1918.51 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL... LONGSHORING Vessel's Cargo Handling Gear § 1918.51 General requirements (See also § 1918.11 and appendix...

  10. OHIO PROGRAMS FOR VISUALLY HANDICAPPED CHILDREN, A REPORT ON THE 1964-65 COLUMBUS, OHIO STUDY OF PARTIALLY SEEING.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GROVER, EDWARD C.; AND OTHERS

    THIS STUDY INVESTIGATED THE DECLINING ENROLLMENT IN OHIO'S PROGRAMS FOR PARTIALLY SEEING CHILDREN AND THE PROBLEMS OF INCIDENCE, VISUAL FUNCTIONING, AND MULTIPLE HANDICAPS. PARTIALLY SEEING CHILDREN IDENTIFIED BY THE STUDY HAD A VISUAL ACUITY AFTER CORRECTION OF 20/70 OR LESS AND/OR CORRECTION OF MORE THAN 10 DIOPTERS OF MYOPIA. THE SCHOOL NURSES…

  11. 29 CFR 1917.23 - Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or atmosphere). 1917.23 Section 1917.23 Labor Regulations Relating to... TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.23 Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also §...

  12. 29 CFR 1917.23 - Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or atmosphere). 1917.23 Section 1917.23 Labor Regulations Relating to... TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.23 Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also §...

  13. 29 CFR 1917.25 - Fumigants, pesticides, insecticides and hazardous preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... fumigant manufacturer or by Table Z-1 of 29 CFR 1910.1000, whichever is lower, all employees shall be... preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or atmosphere). 1917.25 Section 1917.25..., insecticides and hazardous preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or...

  14. 29 CFR 1917.23 - Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or atmosphere). 1917.23 Section 1917.23 Labor Regulations Relating to... TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.23 Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also §...

  15. 29 CFR 1917.23 - Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or atmosphere). 1917.23 Section 1917.23 Labor Regulations Relating to... TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.23 Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also §...

  16. 29 CFR 1917.25 - Fumigants, pesticides, insecticides and hazardous preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... fumigant manufacturer or by Table Z-1 of 29 CFR 1910.1000, whichever is lower, all employees shall be... preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or atmosphere). 1917.25 Section 1917.25..., insecticides and hazardous preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or...

  17. 29 CFR 1917.25 - Fumigants, pesticides, insecticides and hazardous preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... fumigant manufacturer or by Table Z-1 of 29 CFR 1910.1000, whichever is lower, all employees shall be... preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or atmosphere). 1917.25 Section 1917.25..., insecticides and hazardous preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or...

  18. 29 CFR 1917.23 - Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 7 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or atmosphere). 1917.23 Section 1917.23 Labor Regulations Relating to... TERMINALS Marine Terminal Operations § 1917.23 Hazardous atmospheres and substances (see also §...

  19. 29 CFR 1917.25 - Fumigants, pesticides, insecticides and hazardous preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... fumigant manufacturer or by Table Z-1 of 29 CFR 1910.1000, whichever is lower, all employees shall be... preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or atmosphere). 1917.25 Section 1917.25..., insecticides and hazardous preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or...

  20. 29 CFR 1917.25 - Fumigants, pesticides, insecticides and hazardous preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... fumigant manufacturer or by Table Z-1 of 29 CFR 1910.1000, whichever is lower, all employees shall be... preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or atmosphere). 1917.25 Section 1917.25..., insecticides and hazardous preservatives (see also § 1917.2 Hazardous cargo, material, substance or...