Note: This page contains sample records for the topic bona-fide occupational qualification from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

29 CFR 1604.2 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Labor 4 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification. 1604...COMMISSION GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.2 Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification....

2012-07-01

2

29 CFR 1604.2 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification. 1604...COMMISSION GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.2 Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification....

2010-07-01

3

29 CFR 1604.2 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Labor 4 2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification. 1604...COMMISSION GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.2 Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification....

2009-07-01

4

29 CFR 1604.2 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Labor 4 2008-07-01 2008-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification. 1604...COMMISSION GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.2 Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification....

2008-07-01

5

7 CFR 15a.61 - Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs and Activities Prohibited § 15a.61 Sex as a bona-fide occupational...

2013-01-01

6

18 CFR 1317.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2012-04-01

7

34 CFR 106.61 - Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification...EDUCATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2012-07-01

8

32 CFR 196.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...MISCELLANEOUS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2012-07-01

9

24 CFR 3.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...Development NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-04-01

10

6 CFR 17.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...SECRETARY NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-01-01

11

14 CFR 1253.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-01-01

12

34 CFR 106.61 - Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification...EDUCATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-07-01

13

10 CFR 1042.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...PROVISIONS) NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-01-01

14

10 CFR 5.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...COMMISSION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-01-01

15

31 CFR 28.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...Treasury NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-07-01

16

38 CFR 23.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...CONTINUED) NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-07-01

17

22 CFR 229.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...DEVELOPMENT NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-04-01

18

28 CFR 54.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...CONTINUED) NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-07-01

19

15 CFR 8a.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...Commerce NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-01-01

20

18 CFR 1317.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2012-04-01 true Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...AUTHORITY NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-04-01

21

13 CFR 113.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...ADMINISTRATOR Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Sex in Education Programs or Activities Receiving...Assistance Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs Or...

2013-01-01

22

32 CFR 196.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...MISCELLANEOUS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-07-01

23

40 CFR 5.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-07-01

24

29 CFR 36.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...Labor NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-07-01

25

22 CFR 146.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...RIGHTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2013-04-01

26

49 CFR 25.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...Transportation NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2009-10-01

27

43 CFR 41.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...Interior NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2009-10-01

28

14 CFR 1253.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2009-01-01

29

22 CFR 146.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...RIGHTS NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2009-04-01

30

49 CFR 25.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...Transportation NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2010-10-01

31

15 CFR 8a.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...Commerce NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2009-01-01

32

29 CFR 36.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2008-07-01 2008-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...Labor NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2008-07-01

33

40 CFR 5.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2009-07-01

34

15 CFR 8a.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...Commerce NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2010-01-01

35

34 CFR 106.61 - Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sex as a bona-fide occupational qualification...EDUCATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2010-07-01

36

45 CFR 618.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...FOUNDATION NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2009-10-01

37

45 CFR 2555.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...SERVICE NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2010-10-01

38

22 CFR 229.550 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification...DEVELOPMENT NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING...ASSISTANCE Discrimination on the Basis of Sex in Employment in Education Programs or...

2010-04-01

39

29 CFR 1604.2 - Sex as a bona fide occupational qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Sex as a bona fide... GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF SEX § 1604.2 ...are superseded by title VII of the Civil...benefits to one sex only will be a violation of title VII. An employer...

2013-07-01

40

47 CFR 76.1907 - Temporary bona fide trials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Temporary bona fide trials. The obligations and procedures as to encoding rules set forth in §§ 76.1904(b) and (c) and 76.1905(a) and (b) do not apply in the case of a temporary bona fide trial of a...

2012-10-01

41

47 CFR 76.1907 - Temporary bona fide trials.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Temporary bona fide trials. The obligations and procedures as to encoding rules set forth in §§ 76.1904(b) and (c) and 76.1905(a) and (b) do not apply in the case of a temporary bona fide trial of a...

2011-10-01

42

78 FR 9330 - Revision of Regulations Defining Bona Fide Cotton Spot Markets  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Revision of Regulations Defining Bona Fide Cotton Spot Markets AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing...specifies which states compose bona fide cotton spot markets in order to assure consistency with the revised Cotton Research and Promotion Act. Updated...

2013-02-08

43

78 FR 25181 - Revision of Regulations Defining Bona Fide Cotton Spot Markets  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Revision of Regulations Defining Bona Fide Cotton Spot Markets AGENCY: Agricultural Marketing...specifies which states compose bona fide cotton spot markets in order to assure consistency with the revised Cotton Research and Promotion Act. Updated...

2013-04-30

44

15 CFR 315.5 - Maintenance and publication of a list of bona fide motor-vehicle manufacturers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...publication of a list of bona fide motor-vehicle manufacturers. 315.5 Section... DETERMINATION OF BONA FIDE MOTOR-VEHICLE MANUFACTURER § 315.5 Maintenance...publication of a list of bona fide motor-vehicle manufacturers. The...

2013-01-01

45

17 CFR 1.48 - Requirements for classification of sales or purchases for future delivery as bona fide hedging of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...purchases for future delivery as bona fide hedging of unsold anticipated production or unfilled...purchases for future delivery as bona fide hedging of unsold anticipated production or unfilled...the Act for the purposes of bona fide hedging shall file statements with the...

2009-04-01

46

17 CFR 1.48 - Requirements for classification of sales or purchases for future delivery as bona fide hedging of...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...purchases for future delivery as bona fide hedging of unsold anticipated production or unfilled...purchases for future delivery as bona fide hedging of unsold anticipated production or unfilled...the Act for the purposes of bona fide hedging shall file statements with the...

2010-04-01

47

43 CFR 3471.3-1 - Protection of bona fide purchaser.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Continued) BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) COAL MANAGEMENT PROVISIONS AND LIMITATIONS Coal Management Provisions and Limitations § 3471.3-1 Protection of bona fide...

2012-10-01

48

Fiat or Bona Fide Boundary--A Matter of Granular Perspective  

PubMed Central

Background Distinguishing bona fide (i.e. natural) and fiat (i.e. artificial) physical boundaries plays a key role for distinguishing natural from artificial material entities and is thus relevant to any scientific formal foundational top-level ontology, as for instance the Basic Formal Ontology (BFO). In BFO, the distinction is essential for demarcating two foundational categories of material entity: object and fiat object part. The commonly used basis for demarcating bona fide from fiat boundary refers to two criteria: (i) intrinsic qualities of the boundary bearers (i.e. spatial/physical discontinuity, qualitative heterogeneity) and (ii) mind-independent existence of the boundary. The resulting distinction of bona fide and fiat boundaries is considered to be categorial and exhaustive. Methodology/Principal Findings By referring to various examples from biology, we demonstrate that the hitherto used distinction of boundaries is not categorial: (i) spatial/physical discontinuity is a matter of scale and the differentiation of bona fide and fiat boundaries is thus granularity-dependent, and (ii) this differentiation is not absolute, but comes in degrees. By reducing the demarcation criteria to mind-independence and by also considering dispositions and historical relations of the bearers of boundaries, instead of only considering their spatio-structural properties, we demonstrate with various examples that spatio-structurally fiat boundaries can nevertheless be mind-independent and in this sense bona fide. Conclusions/Significance We argue that the ontological status of a given boundary is perspective-dependent and that the strictly spatio-structural demarcation criteria follow a static perspective that is ignorant of causality and the dynamics of reality. Based on a distinction of several ontologically independent perspectives, we suggest different types of boundaries and corresponding material entities, including boundaries based on function (locomotion, physiology, ecology, development, reproduction) and common history (development, heredity, evolution). We argue that for each perspective one can differentiate respective bona fide from fiat boundaries.

Vogt, Lars; Grobe, Peter; Quast, Bjorn; Bartolomaeus, Thomas

2012-01-01

49

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus ORF57 is not a bona fide export factor.  

PubMed

Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV [human herpesvirus 8; HHV-8]) open reading frame 57 (ORF57) is a viral early protein participating in posttranscriptional regulatory events, such as splicing, RNA stabilization, and protein expression. Recent data suggest that ORF57 recruits the transcription and export (TREX) complex to viral RNA and exports these transcripts to the cytoplasm. In this study, we show that although ORF57 promotes expression of a selection of KSHV viral intronless RNAs, it is not a bona fide export factor. PMID:22993146

Pilkington, Guy R; Majerciak, Vladimir; Bear, Jenifer; Uranishi, Hiroaki; Zheng, Zhi-Ming; Felber, Barbara K

2012-09-19

50

Disabled is a bona fide component of the Abl signaling network  

PubMed Central

Abl is an essential regulator of cell migration and morphogenesis in both vertebrates and invertebrates. It has long been speculated that the adaptor protein Disabled (Dab), which is a key regulator of neuronal migration in the vertebrate brain, might be a component of this signaling pathway, but this idea has been controversial. We now demonstrate that null mutations of Drosophila Dab result in phenotypes that mimic Abl mutant phenotypes, both in axon guidance and epithelial morphogenesis. The Dab mutant interacts genetically with mutations in Abl, and with mutations in the Abl accessory factors trio and enabled (ena). Genetic epistasis tests show that Dab functions upstream of Abl and ena, and, consistent with this, we show that Dab is required for the subcellular localization of these two proteins. We therefore infer that Dab is a bona fide component of the core Abl signaling pathway in Drosophila.

Song, Jeong K.; Kannan, Ramakrishnan; Merdes, Gunter; Singh, Jaskirat; Mlodzik, Marek; Giniger, Edward

2010-01-01

51

78 FR 20642 - Notice of Proposed CERCLA Agreement and Order on Consent for Removal Action by Bona Fide...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Action by Bona Fide Prospective Purchaser; All Metals Processing Company Site, San Fernando...concerning a removal action to carried out at the All Metal Processing Company Site, part of...EPA, provided the Purchaser complies with all terms and conditions of the...

2013-04-05

52

Keratinocyte-associated protein 2 is a bona fide subunit of the mammalian oligosaccharyltransferase.  

PubMed

The oligosaccharyltransferase (OST) complex catalyses the N-glycosylation of polypeptides entering the endoplasmic reticulum, a process essential for the productive folding and trafficking of many secretory and membrane proteins. In eukaryotes, the OST typically comprises a homologous catalytic STT3 subunit complexed with several additional components that are usually conserved, and that often function to modulate N-glycosylation efficiency. By these criteria, the status of keratinocyte-associated protein 2 (KCP2) was unclear: it was found to co-purify with the canine OST suggesting it is part of the complex but, unlike most other subunits, no potential homologues are apparent in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this study we have characterised human KCP2 and show that the predominant species results from an alternative initiation of translation to form an integral membrane protein with three transmembrane spans. KCP2 localises to the endoplasmic reticulum, consistent with a role in protein biosynthesis, and has a functional KKxx retrieval signal at its cytosolic C-terminus. Native gel analysis suggests that the majority of KCP2 assembles into a distinct ~500 kDa complex that also contains several bona fide OST subunits, most notably the catalytic STT3A isoform. Co-immunoprecipitation studies confirmed a robust and specific physical interaction between KCP2 and STT3A, and revealed weaker associations with both STT3B and OST48. Taken together, these data strongly support the proposal that KCP2 is a newly identified subunit of the N-glycosylation machinery present in a subset of eukaryotes. PMID:22266900

Roboti, Peristera; High, Stephen

2012-01-20

53

The Flat Earth as a Metaphor for the Evidence for Uniform Efficacy of Bona Fide Psychotherapies: Reply to Crits-Christoph (1997) and Howard et al. (1997)  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the basis of a meta-analysis of comparisons of bona fide psychotherapies, B. E. Wampold et al. (1997) concluded that the available evidence supported the notion that all psychotherapies are nearly equal in terms of efficacy. K. I. Howard, M. S. Krause, S. M. Saunders, and S. M. Kopta (1997) and P. Crits-Christoph (1997) raised 4 general issues with this

Bruce E. Wampold; Gregory W. Mondin; Marcia Moody; Hyun-nie Ahn

1997-01-01

54

Strategy for fluorescent labeling of human acidic fibroblast growth factor without impairment of mitogenic activity: a bona fide tracer.  

PubMed

Here we describe, for the first time, the design and characterization of a bona fide fluorescently labeled mutant of the human acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF). The aFGF-Cys2 mutant was recombinantly synthesized by substituting the second amino acid with a reactive cysteine whose sulfhydryl group's side chain reactivity facilitated the covalent binding of a fluorescent probe as a thiolyte monobromobimane. Using a combination of biophysical and functional assays, we found that the fluorescently labeled mutant aFGF is characterized by essentially the same global folding, mitogenic activity, and association behavior with heparin, its physiological activator, as the unlabeled wild-type protein. We used this new tracer protein mutant to determine the association behavior of aFGF with heparin in the presence of high concentrations of albumin that mimicked more closely the plasma medium in which aFGF is naturally located and in which it has evolved to function. By exposing the aFGF-Cys2-heparin complex to increasing concentrations of albumin up to physiological plasma levels, we were able to demonstrate that macromolecular crowding does not affect the stoichiometry of the interaction. In summary, the dimeric aFGF-Cys2-heparin complex might represent a biologically relevant complex in physiological media. PMID:21185801

Feito, M Jos; Jimnez, Mercedes; Fernndez-Cabrera, Concha; Rivas, Germn; Gimnez-Gallego, Guillermo; Lozano, Rosa M

2010-12-24

55

13 CFR 113.3-1 - Consideration of race, color, religion, sex, marital status, handicap, or national origin.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

(b) Nothing in this part shall prohibit the restriction of certain jobs to members of one sex if a bona fide occupational qualification can be demonstrated by the applicant or recipient. Custom or tradition is not a bona fide occupational...

2010-01-01

56

Chemical Genetics of Zipper-interacting Protein Kinase Reveal Myosin Light Chain as a Bona Fide Substrate in Permeabilized Arterial Smooth Muscle*  

PubMed Central

Zipper-interacting protein kinase (ZIPK) has been implicated in Ca2+-independent smooth muscle contraction, although its specific role is unknown. The addition of ZIPK to demembranated rat caudal arterial strips induced an increase in force, which correlated with increases in LC20 and MYPT1 phosphorylation. However, because of the number of kinases capable of phosphorylating LC20 and MYPT1, it has proven difficult to identify the mechanism underlying ZIPK action. Therefore, we set out to identify bona fide ZIPK substrates using a chemical genetics method that takes advantage of ATP analogs with bulky substituents at the N6 position and an engineered ZIPK capable of utilizing such substrates. 32P-Labeled 6-phenyl-ATP and ZIPK-L93G mutant protein were added to permeabilized rat caudal arterial strips, and substrate proteins were detected by autoradiography following SDS-PAGE. Mass spectrometry identified LC20 as a direct target of ZIPK in situ for the first time. Tissues were also exposed to 6-phenyl-ATP and ZIPK-L93G in the absence of endogenous ATP, and putative ZIPK substrates were identified by Western blotting. LC20 was thereby confirmed as a direct target of ZIPK; however, no phosphorylation of MYPT1 was detected. We conclude that ZIPK is involved in the regulation of smooth muscle contraction through direct phosphorylation of LC20.

Moffat, Lori D.; Brown, Shannon B. A.; Grassie, Michael E.; Ulke-Lemee, Annegret; Williamson, Laura M.; Walsh, Michael P.; MacDonald, Justin A.

2011-01-01

57

BONA FIDE, STRONG-VARIABLE GALACTIC LUMINOUS BLUE VARIABLE STARS ARE FAST ROTATORS: DETECTION OF A HIGH ROTATIONAL VELOCITY IN HR CARINAE  

SciTech Connect

We report optical observations of the luminous blue variable (LBV) HR Carinae which show that the star has reached a visual minimum phase in 2009. More importantly, we detected absorptions due to Si IV lambdalambda4088-4116. To match their observed line profiles from 2009 May, a high rotational velocity of v{sub rot} approx = 150 +- 20 km s{sup -1} is needed (assuming an inclination angle of 30 deg.), implying that HR Car rotates at approx =0.88 +- 0.2 of its critical velocity for breakup (v{sub crit}). Our results suggest that fast rotation is typical in all strong-variable, bona fide galactic LBVs, which present S-Dor-type variability. Strong-variable LBVs are located in a well-defined region of the HR diagram during visual minimum (the 'LBV minimum instability strip'). We suggest this region corresponds to where v{sub crit} is reached. To the left of this strip, a forbidden zone with v{sub rot}/v{sub crit}>1 is present, explaining why no LBVs are detected in this zone. Since dormant/ex LBVs like P Cygni and HD 168625 have low v{sub rot}, we propose that LBVs can be separated into two groups: fast-rotating, strong-variable stars showing S-Dor cycles (such as AG Car and HR Car) and slow-rotating stars with much less variability (such as P Cygni and HD 168625). We speculate that supernova (SN) progenitors which had S-Dor cycles before exploding (such as in SN 2001ig, SN 2003bg, and SN 2005gj) could have been fast rotators. We suggest that the potential difficulty of fast-rotating Galactic LBVs to lose angular momentum is additional evidence that such stars could explode during the LBV phase.

Groh, J. H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Damineli, A.; Moises, A. P.; Teodoro, M. [Instituto de Astronomia, Geofisica e Ciencias Atmosfericas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao 1226, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-090, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Hillier, D. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, 3941 O'Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15260 (United States); Barba, R. [Departamento de fisica, Universidad de La Serena, Benavente 980, La Serena (Chile); Fernandez-Lajus, E.; Gamen, R. C.; Solivella, G., E-mail: jgroh@mpifr-bonn.mpg.d [Facultad de Ciencias Astronomicas y Geofisicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, and Instituto de Astrofisica de La Plata (CCT La Plata-CONICET), Paseo del Bosque S/N, B1900FWA, La Plata (Argentina)

2009-11-01

58

HST, VLT, and NTT imaging search for wide companions to bona-fide and candidate brown dwarfs in the Cha I dark cloud  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present results from a deep imaging search for companions around the young bona-fide and candidate brown dwarfs Cha H? 1 to 12 in the Cha I dark cloud, performed with HST WFPC2 (R, I, H? ), VLT FORS1 (VRI), and NTT SofI (JHKs). We find 16 faint companion candidates around five primaries with separations between 1.5'' and 7'' and magnitudes in R & I from 19 to 25 mag, i.e. up to 8 mag fainter than the primaries. While most of these companion candidates are probably unrelated background objects, there is one promising candidate, namely 1.5'' SW off the M6-dwarf Cha H? 5. This candidate is 3.8 to 4.7 mag fainter than the primary and its colors are consistent with an early- to mid-L spectral type. Assuming the same distance (140 pc) and absorption (AI = 0.47 mag) as towards the primary, the companion candidate has log (Lbol/Lsun) = -3.0 +/- 0.3. At the age of the primary (1 to 5 Myrs), the faint object would have a mass of 3 to 15 Jupiter masses according to Burrows et al. (\\cite{Burrows97}) and Chabrier & Baraffe (\\cite{Chabrier00}) models. The probability for this companion candidate to be an unrelated fore- or background object is le 0.7%, its colors are marginally consistent with a strongly reddened background K giant. One other companion candidate has infrared colors consistent with an early T-dwarf. In addition, we present indications for Cha H? 2 being a close ( ~ 0.2'') binary with both components very close to the sub-stellar limit. Our detection limits are such that we should have detected all companions above ~ 1 Mjup with separations >=2'' (>= 320 AU) and all above ~ 5 Mjup at >= 0.35'' (>= 50 AU). Based on observations obtained with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope in program GO 8716, ESO programs 64.I-0493, 66.C-0022, and 66.C-0310 as well as data taken from the public VLT data archive.

Neuhuser, R.; Brandner, W.; Alves, J.; Joergens, V.; Comern, F.

2002-03-01

59

Bona Fide, Strong-Variable Galactic Luminous Blue Variable Stars are Fast Rotators: Detection of a High Rotational Velocity in HR Carinae  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report optical observations of the luminous blue variable (LBV) HR Carinae which show that the star has reached a visual minimum phase in 2009. More importantly, we detected absorptions due to Si IV ??4088-4116. To match their observed line profiles from 2009 May, a high rotational velocity of v rot sime 150 20 km s-1 is needed (assuming an inclination angle of 30), implying that HR Car rotates at sime0.88 0.2 of its critical velocity for breakup (v crit). Our results suggest that fast rotation is typical in all strong-variable, bona fide galactic LBVs, which present S-Dor-type variability. Strong-variable LBVs are located in a well-defined region of the HR diagram during visual minimum (the "LBV minimum instability strip"). We suggest this region corresponds to where v crit is reached. To the left of this strip, a forbidden zone with v rot/v crit>1 is present, explaining why no LBVs are detected in this zone. Since dormant/ex LBVs like P Cygni and HD 168625 have low v rot, we propose that LBVs can be separated into two groups: fast-rotating, strong-variable stars showing S-Dor cycles (such as AG Car and HR Car) and slow-rotating stars with much less variability (such as P Cygni and HD 168625). We speculate that supernova (SN) progenitors which had S-Dor cycles before exploding (such as in SN 2001ig, SN 2003bg, and SN 2005gj) could have been fast rotators. We suggest that the potential difficulty of fast-rotating Galactic LBVs to lose angular momentum is additional evidence that such stars could explode during the LBV phase. Based on observations made with the 1.6 m telescope at the Observatrio Pico dos Dias (OPD-LNA, Brazil), with the 2.15 m telescope of the Complejo Astronomico El Leoncito (CASLEO, Argentina), and with the 2.2 m ESO telescope at La Silla (Chile) under program 083.D-0589. CASLEO is operated under agreement between CONICET, SECYT, and the National Universities of La Plata, Crdoba and San Juan, Argentina.

Groh, J. H.; Damineli, A.; Hillier, D. J.; Barb, R.; Fernndez-Lajs, E.; Gamen, R. C.; Moiss, A. P.; Solivella, G.; Teodoro, M.

2009-11-01

60

Identification of the non-structural influenza A viral protein NS1A as a bona fide target of the Small Ubiquitin-like MOdifier by the use of dicistronic expression constructs  

PubMed Central

The cellular SUMOylation system affects the function of numerous viral proteins. Hence, the identification of novel viral targets for the Small Ubiquitin-like MOdifier (SUMO) is key to our understanding of virus-host interactions. The data obtained in this study demonstrate that the non-structural influenza A viral protein NS1A is an authentic SUMO target through the use of a dicistronic expression plasmid containing SUMO (the modifier) and Ubc9 (the SUMO conjugating enzyme) separated by an Internal Ribosomal Entry Site (IRES). This dual expression plasmid produces a robust increase in cellular SUMOylation, therefore facilitating the characterization of cellular and viral SUMO targets. The identification of NS1A as a bona fide SUMO target suggests, for the first time, a role for SUMOylation during influenza virus infection.

Pal, Sangita; Rosas, Juan M.; Rosas-Acosta, German

2009-01-01

61

41 CFR 60-20.2 - Recruitment and advertisement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...activity must recruit employees of both sexes for all jobs unless sex is a bona fide occupation qualification. (b) Advertisement in newspapers and other media for employment must not express a sex preference unless sex is a bona...

2010-07-01

62

41 CFR 60-20.2 - Recruitment and advertisement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...activity must recruit employees of both sexes for all jobs unless sex is a bona fide occupation qualification. (b) Advertisement in newspapers and other media for employment must not express a sex preference unless sex is a bona...

2009-07-01

63

From School to Work. A Comparative Study of Educational Qualifications and Occupational Destinations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 15 chapters in this book deal with varying institutional characteristics of educational systems and their effects on occupational outcomes. "The Institutional Embeddedness of the Stratification Process: A Comparative Study of Qualifications and Occupations in Thirteen Countries" (Walter Mueller, Yossi Shavit) discusses results of a comparative

Shavit, Yossi, Ed.; Muller, Walter, Ed.

64

From School to Work. A Comparative Study of Educational Qualifications and Occupational Destinations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The 15 chapters in this book deal with varying institutional characteristics of educational systems and their effects on occupational outcomes. "The Institutional Embeddedness of the Stratification Process: A Comparative Study of Qualifications and Occupations in Thirteen Countries" (Walter Mueller, Yossi Shavit) discusses results of a

Shavit, Yossi, Ed.; Muller, Walter, Ed.

65

European Trends in the Development of Occupations and Qualifications. Volume III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is intended as the companion to a two-volume study of European trends in the development of occupations and qualifications, contains reference materials to assist policymakers and practitioners in accessing research findings and formulations on key issues of training and development. The document begins with an overview of the

Sellin, Burkart

66

42 CFR 433.54 - Bona fide donations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...direct or indirect relationship to Medicaid payments...are not returned to the individual provider, the provider class...or other unit of government) provides for a...includes any positive relationship between these...

2012-10-01

67

Peaceful Uses Bona Fides: Criteria for Evaluation and Case Studies  

SciTech Connect

This study applies a set of indicators to assess the peaceful nature of a states nuclear program. Evaluation of a countrys nuclear program relative to these indicators can help the international community to take appropriate actions to ensure that the growth of the global nuclear energy industry proceeds peacefully and to minimize nuclear proliferation risks.

Ajemian, Chris K.; Hazel, Mike; Kessler, Carol E.; Mathews, Carrie E.; Morris, Fred A.; Seward, Amy M.; Peterson, Danielle J.; Smith, Brian W.

2007-06-06

68

29 CFR 1625.8 - Bona fide seniority systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION AGE DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT ACT Interpretations ...on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin, are prohibited under title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, where...

2013-07-01

69

Anticipation of Occupation and Qualification Trends in the European Union: Innovations for Effective Anticipation of Qualification and Competence Trends and the Adaptation of VET Provision in Member States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The approaches being taken and innovations being adopted at the national and European levels to anticipate occupation and qualification trends in the European Union (EU) were examined in a survey of the 15 EU member states. The survey findings were presented by country and in a synthesis. In addition, the findings for Belgium were broken down by

Sellin, Burkart, Ed.

70

Relating Age Change and Behavior to Job Requirements.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Age Discrimination in Employment Act has been amended to outlaw mandatory retirement at any age. However, the act permits employers to impose a specific retirement age if there is a bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ) which cannot be met by all or most individuals. Imposition of BFOQ mandatory retirement ages by employers has led to

Schaie, K. Warner

71

Pime v. Loyola University of Chicago: The Seventh Circuit Extends the BFOQ Defense.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The significance of the court decision in Pime vs. Loyola University of Chicago, concerning the university's right to reserve tenure track positions for Jesuit faculty, is in the expansion of the defense relating to bona fide occupational qualifications. It opens other schools to similar litigation. (MSE)|

Curry, Susan J.; And Others

1988-01-01

72

45 CFR 86.59 - Advertising.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

A recipient shall not in any advertising related to employment indicate preference, limitation, specification, or discrimination based on sex unless sex is a bona-fide occupational qualification for the particular job in question. (Secs. 901, 902, Education Amendments of 1972, 86...

2012-10-01

73

Babes and Beefcake: Exclusive Hiring Arrangements and Sexy Dress Codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Las Vegas casinos exclusively hire women to serve cocktails on the casino floor, dressing them in tight-fitting, sexy, uncomfortable costumes and high heels. The exclusive hiring of women as cocktail servers violates Title VII's prohibition against sex discrimination unless the employer can demonstrate that being a woman is a bona fide occupational qualification (\\

Ann C. McGinley

2007-01-01

74

Guidelines on Discrimination Because of Sex.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brochure presents regulatory guidelines on sex discrimination with sections devoted to: general principles; sex as a bona fide occupational qualification; separate lines of progression and seniority systems; discrimination against married women; advertising job opportunities; employment agencies; pre-employment inquiries as to sex; the

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Washington, DC.

75

Occupational and Qualification Structures in the Field of Environmental Protection in the Metal and Chemical Industries in the United Kingdom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study analyzed the occupational structure and qualifications associated with the field of environmental protection in the metal and chemical industries in the United Kingdom. The analysis included nine case studies based on interviews with firms in the chemicals and metals sectors. Information was gathered within an analytical framework that

European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Berlin (Germany).

76

Occupational and Qualification Structures in the Field of Environmental Protection in the Metal and Chemical Industries in Italy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides an initial analysis of the occupational and qualification structures in the field of environmental protection in the Italian metal and chemical industries. The first two chapters review the legislative background, situation in industry, and provision of environmental education and training. The third chapter presents results

Stanzani, Claudio

77

Occupational and Qualification Structures in the Field of Environmental Protection in the Metal and Chemical Industries in Italy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides an initial analysis of the occupational and qualification structures in the field of environmental protection in the Italian metal and chemical industries. The first two chapters review the legislative background, situation in industry, and provision of environmental education and training. The third chapter presents results

Stanzani, Claudio

78

Occupational and Qualification Structures in the Field of Environmental Protection in the Metal and Chemical Industries--Study on the Federal Republic of Germany.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study focused on new occupational and qualification structures in the field of environmental protection in the metal and chemical industries in the Federal Republic of Germany. A total of 22 interviews were conducted with representatives of 11 firms. The public debate on occupational requirements in the field of environmental protection and on

Nitschke, Christoph; And Others

79

European Trends in the Development of Occupations and Qualifications. Findings of Research, Studies and Analyses for Policy and Practice. Volume II. CEDEFOP Reference Document.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains 23 papers on European trends in vocational education and training (VET) and the development of occupations and qualifications. The following papers are included: "Vocational Socialisation and Competence Development: The Historical Dimension" (Walter R. Heinz); "European Trends in the Development of Vocational Education and

Sellin, Burkart, Ed.

80

Resolving the conflict between clients privacy rights and employees equal employment opportunity rights  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is unlawful under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act for employers to discriminate against applicants or employees because\\u000a of their sex unless sex is a bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ). During the past two decades, a number of courts\\u000a were asked to decide whether sex is a BFOQ for the purpose of protecting clients privacy rights (i.e., whether

David S. Hames

1994-01-01

81

Co-operation in Research on Trends in the Development of Occupations and Qualifications in the European Union. Report on the Current State, Results and Development of the CEDEFOP Ciretoq Network. Interim Report, CEDEFOP Panorama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training has developed a thematic network on the Circle for Research Cooperation on Trends in Occupations and Qualifications (Ciretoq) to follow up its preliminary work on trends in qualifications and certification. On the basis of available surveys and surveys evaluated by Ciretoq, the

Sellin, Burkart

82

17 CFR 151.5 - Bona fide hedging and other exemptions for Referenced Contracts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...positions taken or to be taken at a later time in a physical marketing channel; (ii) Is economically appropriate to the reduction...the requesting person or persons, or potential acquisition target of the requesting person or persons. Such exemptions...

2013-04-01

83

From ancestral infectious retroviruses to bona fide cellular genes: role of the captured syncytins in placentation.  

PubMed

During their replication, infectious retroviruses insert a reverse-transcribed cDNA copy of their genome, a "provirus", into the genome of their host. If the infected cell belongs to the germline, the integrated provirus can become "fixed" within the host genome as an endogenous retrovirus and be transmitted vertically to the progeny in a Mendelian fashion. Based on the numerous proviral sequences that are recovered within the genomic DNA of vertebrates--up to ten percent in the case of mammals--such events must have occurred repeatedly during the course of millions of years of evolution. Although most of the ancient proviral sequences have been disrupted, a few "endogenized" retroviral genes are conserved and still encode functional proteins. In this review, we focus on the recent discovery of genes derived from the envelope glycoprotein-encoding (env) genes of endogenous retroviruses that have been domesticated by mammals to carry out an essential function in placental development. They were called syncytins based on the membrane fusogenic capacity that they have kept from their parental env gene and which contributes to the formation of the placental fused cell layer called the syncytiotrophoblast, at the materno-fetal interface. Remarkably, the capture of syncytin or syncytin-like genes, sometimes as pairs, was found to have occurred independently from different endogenous retroviruses in diverse mammalian lineages such as primates--including humans--, muroids, leporids, carnivores, caviids, and ovis, between around 10 and 85 million years ago. Knocking out one or both mouse syncytin-A and -B genes provided evidence that they indeed play a critical role in placentation. We discuss the possibility that the immunosuppressive domain embedded within retroviral envelope glycoproteins and conserved in syncytin proteins, may be involved in the tolerance of the fetus by the maternal immune system. Finally, we speculate that the capture of a founding syncytin-like gene could have been instrumental in the dramatic transition from egg-laying to placental mammals. PMID:22695103

Dupressoir, A; Lavialle, C; Heidmann, T

2012-06-12

84

ASC, Ipaf and Cryopyrin\\/Nalp3: bona fide intracellular adapters of the caspase-1 inflammasome  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adapter molecules ASC, Ipaf and Cryopyrin\\/Nalp3 have each been proposed to regulate caspase-1 within a multi-protein complex called the inflammasome. Activation of caspase-1 leads to the cleavage and activation of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1? and IL-18. The analysis of mice deficient in ASC, Ipaf and Cryopyrin\\/Nalp3 has revealed that the inflammasome is a dynamic entity that is

Sanjeev Mariathasan

2007-01-01

85

17 CFR Appendix B to Part 151 - Examples of Bona Fide Hedging Transactions and Positions  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Pattern: Bank B lends 1,000 ounces of gold to Jewelry Fabricator J at LIBOR plus a...Jewelry Fabricator J may later purchase the gold at a differential to the prevailing price of Commodity Exchange, Inc. (COMEX) Gold (i.e., an open-price...

2013-04-01

86

29 CFR 1625.12 - Exemption for bona fide executive or high policymaking employees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a particular employee, the employee must have been in a bona fide...before retirement. Thus, an employee who holds two or more different...exemption only if each such job is an executive or high policymaking...is not applicable to Federal employees covered by section 15 of...

2013-07-01

87

A bona fide La protein is required for embryogenesis in Arabidopsis thaliana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Searches in the Arabidopsis thaliana genome using the La motif as query revealed the presence of eight La or La-like proteins. Using structural and phylogenetic criteria, we identified two putative genuine La proteins (At32 and At79) and showed that both are expressed throughout plant develop- ment but at different levels and under different regulatory conditions. At32, but not At79, restores

Sophie Fleurdepine; Jean-Marc Deragon; Martine Devic; Jocelyne Guilleminot; Cecile Bousquet-Antonelli

2007-01-01

88

26 CFR 1.937-1 - Bona fide residency in a possession.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...if more than one regular) place of business. If the individual has no regular or principal place of business because of the...is the individual's regular place of abode in a real and substantial sense. (2) Exceptions...

2010-04-01

89

26 CFR 1.937-1 - Bona fide residency in a possession.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...if more than one regular) place of business. If the individual has no regular or principal place of business because of the...is the individual's regular place of abode in a real and substantial sense. (2) Exceptions...

2009-04-01

90

What Value Do Employers Give to Qualifications?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report is about employers and how they value and use qualifications in their business decisions. The research indicates clear differences in the value placed on and use made of qualifications by employers for different groups of workers and occupations. Qualifications are considered more important for higher-level occupations and employers

Ridoutt, Lee; Smith, Chris Selby; Hummel, Kevin; Cheang, Christina

2005-01-01

91

A Life Course Perspective on Child Health, Cognition and Occupational Skill Qualifications in Adulthood: Evidence from a British Cohort  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Existing research rarely examines the social consequences of poor childhood health from a longitudinal perspective. Using data from the British National Child Development Study, I follow a cohort from before birth through middle age to examine whether children's health limitations before and during the educational process predict occupational

Jackson, Margot I.

2010-01-01

92

Genomic occupancy of HLH, AP1 and Runx2 motifs within a nuclease sensitive site of the Runx2 gene.  

PubMed

Epigenetic mechanisms mediating expression of the Runt-related transcription factor Runx2 are critical for controlling its osteogenic activity during skeletal development. Here, we characterized bona fide regulatory elements within 120?kbp of the endogenous bone-related Runx2 promoter (P1) in osteoblasts by genomic DNase I footprinting and chromatin immuno-precipitations (ChIPs). We identified a ~10?kbp genomic domain spanning the P1 promoter that interacts with acetylated histones H3 and H4 reflecting an open chromatin conformation in MC3T3 osteoblasts. This large chromatin domain contains a single major DNaseI hypersensitive (DHS) region that defines a 0.4?kbp "basal core" promoter. This region encompasses two endogenous genomic protein/DNA interaction sites (i.e., footprints at Activating Protein 1 [AP1], E-box and Runx motifs). Helix-Loop-Helix (HLH)/E-box occupancy and presence of the DHS region persists in several mesenchymal cell types, but AP1 site occupancy occurs only during S phase when Runx2 expression is minimal. Point-mutation of the HLH/E box dramatically reduces basal promoter activity. Our results indicate that the Runx2 P1 promoter utilizes two stable principal protein/DNA interaction domains associated with AP1 and HLH factors. These sites function together with dynamic and developmentally responsive sites in a major DHS region to support epigenetic control of bone-specific transcription when osteoblasts transition into a quiescent or differentiated state. PMID:22886425

Hovhannisyan, Hayk; Zhang, Ying; Hassan, Mohammad Q; Wu, Hai; Glackin, Carlotta; Lian, Jane B; Stein, Janet L; Montecino, Martin; Stein, Gary S; van Wijnen, Andre J

2013-02-01

93

What is a bona fide mating-type gene? Internuclear complementation of mat mutants in Podospora anserina  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the heterothallic ascomycete Podospora anserina, the mating-type locus is occupied by two mutually exclusive sequences termed mat+ and mat. The mat+ sequence contains only one gene, FPR1, while the mat sequence contains three genes: FMR1, SMR1 and SMR2. Previous studies have demonstrated that FPR1 and FMR1 are required for fertilization. Further analyses have led to the hypothesis that mat+

S. Arnaise; R. Debuchy; M. Picard

1997-01-01

94

Bona fide colour: DNA prediction of human eye and hair colour from ancient and contemporary skeletal remains  

PubMed Central

Background DNA analysis of ancient skeletal remains is invaluable in evolutionary biology for exploring the history of species, including humans. Contemporary human bones and teeth, however, are relevant in forensic DNA analyses that deal with the identification of perpetrators, missing persons, disaster victims or family relationships. They may also provide useful information towards unravelling controversies that surround famous historical individuals. Retrieving information about a deceased persons externally visible characteristics can be informative in both types of DNA analyses. Recently, we demonstrated that human eye and hair colour can be reliably predicted from DNA using the HIrisPlex system. Here we test the feasibility of the novel HIrisPlex system at establishing eye and hair colour of deceased individuals from skeletal remains of various post-mortem time ranges and storage conditions. Methods Twenty-one teeth between 1 and approximately 800 years of age and 5 contemporary bones were subjected to DNA extraction using standard organic protocol followed by analysis using the HIrisPlex system. Results Twenty-three out of 26 bone DNA extracts yielded the full 24 SNP HIrisPlex profile, therefore successfully allowing model-based eye and hair colour prediction. HIrisPlex analysis of a tooth from the Polish general W?adys?aw Sikorski (1881 to 1943) revealed blue eye colour and blond hair colour, which was positively verified from reliable documentation. The partial profiles collected in the remaining three cases (two contemporary samples and a 14th century sample) were sufficient for eye colour prediction. Conclusions Overall, we demonstrate that the HIrisPlex system is suitable, sufficiently sensitive and robust to successfully predict eye and hair colour from ancient and contemporary skeletal remains. Our findings, therefore, highlight the HIrisPlex system as a promising tool in future routine forensic casework involving skeletal remains, including ancient DNA studies, for the prediction of eye and hair colour of deceased individuals.

2013-01-01

95

Comparative in silico analysis identifies bona fide MyoD binding sites within the Myocyte Stress 1 gene promoter  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Myocyte stress 1 (MS1) is a striated muscle actin binding protein required for the muscle specific activity of the evolutionary ancient myocardin related transcription factor (MRTF)\\/serum response factor (SRF) transcriptional pathway. To date, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that govern skeletal muscle specific expression of MS1. Such mechanisms are likely to play a major role in modulating

Samir Ounzain; Caroline S Dacwag; Nilesh J Samani; Anthony N Imbalzano; Nelson W Chong

2008-01-01

96

Appearance of the Bona Fide Spiral Tubule of Orf Virus Is Dependent on an Intact 10-Kilodalton Viral Protein  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parapoxviruses can be morphologically distinguished from other poxviruses in conventional negative stain- ing electron microscopy (EM) by their ovoid appearance and the spiral tubule surrounding the virion's surface. However, this technique may introduce artifacts. We have examined Orf virus (ORFV; the prototype species of the Parapoxvirus genus) by cryoelectron microscopy (cryo-EM) and cryo-negative staining EM. From these studies we suggest

D. Spehner; S. De Carlo; R. Drillien; F. Weiland; K. Mildner; D. Hanau; H.-J. Rziha

2004-01-01

97

P. falciparum cpn20 is a bona fide co-chaperonin that can replace GroES in E. coli.  

PubMed

Human malaria is among the most ubiquitous and destructive tropical, parasitic diseases in the world today. The causative agent, Plasmodium falciparum, contains an unusual, essential organelle known as the apicoplast. Inhibition of this degenerate chloroplast results in second generation death of the parasite and is the mechanism by which antibiotics function in treating malaria. In order to better understand the biochemistry of this organelle, we have cloned a putative, 20 kDa, co-chaperonin protein, Pf-cpn20, which localizes to the apicoplast. Although this protein is homologous to the cpn20 that is found in plant chloroplasts, its ability to function as a co-chaperonin was questioned in the past. In the present study, we carried out a structural analysis of Pf-cpn20 using circular dichroism and analytical ultracentrifugation and then used two different approaches to investigate the ability of this protein to function as a co-chaperonin. In the first approach, we purified recombinant Pf-cpn20 and tested its ability to act as a co-chaperonin for GroEL in vitro, while in the second, we examined the ability of Pf-cpn20 to complement an E. coli depletion of the essential bacterial co-chaperonin GroES. Our results demonstrate that Pf-cpn20 is fully functional as a co-chaperonin in vitro. Moreover, the parasitic co-chaperonin is able to replace GroES in E. coli at both normal and heat-shock temperatures. Thus, Pf-cpn20 functions as a co-chaperonin in chaperonin-mediated protein folding. The ability of the malarial protein to function in E. coli suggests that this simple system can be used as a tool for further analyses of Pf-cpn20 and perhaps other chaperone proteins from P. falciparum. PMID:23326533

Vitlin Gruber, Anna; Nisemblat, Shahar; Zizelski, Gal; Parnas, Avital; Dzikowski, Ron; Azem, Abdussalam; Weiss, Celeste

2013-01-10

98

Occupational Stress: The Hidden Hazard.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Rationale; Learning objectives; Occupational stress--the hidden hazard (Stress--definitions, elaboration and qualifications, Stressors, Moderating variables, Definition of risk groups, Experiences in stress management).

L. Peck

1982-01-01

99

29 CFR 1960.25 - Qualifications of safety and health inspectors and agency inspections.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Qualifications of safety and health inspectors and agency inspections...Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...ELEMENTS FOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROGRAMS AND RELATED...

2013-07-01

100

Cyclin D1 Is a Bona Fide Target Gene of NFATc1 and Is Sufficient in the Mediation of Injury-induced Vascular Wall Remodeling*  

PubMed Central

Platelet-derived growth factor BB induced cyclin D1 expression in a time- and nuclear factor of activated T cells (NFAT)-dependent manner in human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs), and blockade of NFATs prevented HASMC DNA synthesis and their cell cycle progression from G1 to S phase. Selective inhibition of NFATc1 by its small interfering RNA also blocked HASMC proliferation and migration. Characterization of the cyclin D1 promoter revealed the presence of several NFAT binding sites, and the site at nucleotide ?1333 was found to be sufficient in mediating platelet-derived growth factor BB-induced cyclin D1 promoter-luciferase reporter gene activity. In addition to its role in cell cycle progression, cyclin D1 mediated HASMC migration in an NFATc1-dependent manner. Balloon injury-induced cyclin D1-CDK4 activity requires NFAT activation, and adenovirus-mediated transduction of cyclin D1 was found to be sufficient to overcome the blockade effect of NFATs by VIVIT on balloon injury-induced vascular wall remodeling events, including smooth muscle cell migration from the medial to luminal region, their proliferation in the intimal region, and neointima formation. Together, these results provide more mechanistic evidence for the role of NFATs, particularly NFATc1, in the regulation of HASMC proliferation and migration as well as vascular wall remodeling. NFATc1 could be a potential therapeutic target against the renarrowing of artery after angioplasty.

Karpurapu, Manjula; Wang, Dong; Van Quyen, Dong; Kim, Tae-Kang; Kundumani-Sridharan, Venkatesh; Pulusani, Srinidhi; Rao, Gadiparthi N.

2010-01-01

101

Keratinocytes under Fire of Proinflammatory Cytokines: Bona Fide Innate Immune Cells Involved in the Physiopathology of Chronic Atopic Dermatitis and Psoriasis.  

PubMed

Cutaneous homeostasis and defenses are maintained by permanent cross-talk among particular epidermal keratinocytes and immune cells residing or recruited in the skin, through the production of cytokines. If required, a coordinated inflammatory response is triggered, relayed by specific cytokines. Due to numerous reasons, troubles in the resolution of this phenomenon could generate a cytokine-mediated vicious circle, promoting skin chronic inflammation, the most common being atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. In this paper, we discuss the biological effects of cytokine on keratinocytes, more particularly on specific or shared cytokines involved in atopic dermatitis or psoriasis. We report and discuss monolayer or 3D in vitro models of keratinocytes stimulated by specific sets of cytokines to mimic atopic dermatitis or psoriasis. IL-22, TNFa, IL-4, and IL-13 combination is able to mimic an "atopic dermatitis like" state. In psoriasis lesions, over expression of IL-17 is observed whereas IL-4 and IL-13 were not detected; the replacement of IL-4 and IL-13 by IL-17 from this mix is able to mimic in vitro a "psoriasis like" status on keratinocytes. We conclude that specific cytokine environment deregulation plays a central role on skin morphology and innate immunity, moving towards specific pathologies and opening the way to new therapeutic strategies. PMID:23193414

Bernard, Franois-Xavier; Morel, Franck; Camus, Magalie; Pedretti, Nathalie; Barrault, Christine; Garnier, Julien; Lecron, Jean-Claude

2012-11-05

102

The Melanoma Antigens MELOE-1 and MELOE-2 Are Translated from a Bona Fide Polycistronic mRNA Containing Functional IRES Sequences  

PubMed Central

Our previous studies on melanoma antigens identified two new polypeptides, named MELOE-1 and MELOE-2, that are involved in immunosurveillance. Intriguingly, these antigens are coded by distinct open reading frames (ORF) of the meloe mRNA which is significantly expressed only in the melanocytic lineage. In addition, MELOE-1 and -2 specific T cell clones recognized melanoma cells but very poorly normal melanocytes suggesting differential translation of meloe in normal vs tumor cells. This prompted us to elucidate the mechanisms of translation of these antigens in melanoma cells. We first demonstrated that no splicing event or cryptic promoter could generate shorter meloe transcripts containing only one of the two ORFs. Triggering meloe RNA degradation with a siRNA close to the ORF coding for MELOE-2 abrogated expression of both MELOE-1 and MELOE-2, thus confirming that the two ORFs are always associated. Next we showed, in a bicistronic reporter system, that IRES activities could be detected upstream of MELOE-1 and MELOE-2 and finally confirmed their translation from full length meloe cDNA in melanoma cells with eGFP constructs. In conclusion, meloe is a polycistronic mRNA that generates both MELOE-1 and MELOE-2 antigens through IRES-dependent translation in melanoma cells and that may explain their tumor specificity.

Carbonnelle, Delphine; Vignard, Virginie; Sehedic, Delphine; Moreau-Aubry, Agnes; Florenceau, Laetitia; Charpentier, Maud; Mikulits, Wolfgang; Labarriere, Nathalie; Lang, Francois

2013-01-01

103

Welding Qualification Sharing  

SciTech Connect

ASME Section IX, 'Welding Qualifications', requires that each organization qualify its own welders and welding procedures. Qualification responsibility cannot be subcontracted, and qualifications administered by one organization cannot be transferred to another organization. This requirement has become the subject of close scrutiny as the demand for efficiency, particularly among nuclear plant owners, has increased. Two recent Code Cases change procedure and performance qualification requirements for the better. The first, N-573, enables nuclear plant owners to share welding procedure qualifications. The second, N-600, enables nuclear plant owners to share welder performance qualifications. Several owners have reduced costs using N-573. N-600, because it is relatively new, has not yet been implemented. Its potential for cost savings, though, is equivalent to that afforded by N-573. This paper discusses ASME Section IX's procedure and performance qualification philosophy, assesses that philosophy in light of today's welding environment, and discusses implementation of Code Cases N-573 and N-600. (authors)

Newton, Bruce [Welding Services, Inc., 2225 Skyland Court, Norcross, GA 30071 (United States)

2002-07-01

104

The Role of Key Qualifications in the Transition from Vocational Education to Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presents a new definition of key qualifications related to occupations based on an extensive literature search. The empirical aspect of this study describes a Delphi study focused on policy where a number of key qualifications were operationalized for three selected jobs: commercial employee at a bank, claims assessor or acceptor at an

van Zolingen, S. J.

2002-01-01

105

29 CFR 1604.6 - Employment agencies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for particular jobs for which sex is a bona fide occupational...order containing an unlawful sex specification will share responsibility...fills the order knowing that the sex specification is not based...the law, regardless of the determination as to the employer,...

2013-07-01

106

Biomarker Qualification Submissions  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... All Biomarker qualification correspondence and documents must be transferred to either a compact disc (CD) or optical disc storage media format ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/drugdevelopmenttoolsqualificationprogram

107

75 FR 56997 - Petition of the National Futures Association, Pursuant to Rule 13.2, to the U.S. Commodity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...options contracts solely for bona fide hedging purposes, (2) will not have the initial...commodity options not used for bona fide hedging purposes exceeding five percent (5...options contracts solely for bona fide hedging purposes within the meaning and...

2010-09-17

108

Lifelong Qualifications. Developing Qualifications To Support Lifelong Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If Britain is to deliver a genuine framework for lifelong learning in the 21st century, a qualifications system must be developed to support this framework. The National Qualifications Framework may not be fit for the purpose of supporting lifelong learning. A policy on lifelong learning must explicitly connect with qualifications reform to have

Wilson, Peter

109

Lifelong Qualifications. Developing Qualifications To Support Lifelong Learners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|If Britain is to deliver a genuine framework for lifelong learning in the 21st century, a qualifications system must be developed to support this framework. The National Qualifications Framework may not be fit for the purpose of supporting lifelong learning. A policy on lifelong learning must explicitly connect with qualifications reform to have

Wilson, Peter

110

An Innovative Approach to the Comparison of Qualifications in Europe: The Regional Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Welsh approach to comparing educational standards and occupational qualifications is described. The approach identifies a core of occupational competencies and skills underlying training and employment in the field of electrical and electronic engineering, particularly in the motor industry. Origins, economic and educational context, and

Gordon, Jean

1995-01-01

111

Modern death qualification  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on the results of a comprehensive statewide survey of death penalty attitudes in which respondents were categorized in terms of their death-qualified or excludable status under several different Supreme Court doctrines governing the death-qualification process. We found that although changes in public opinion with respect to the death penalty in general have altered the relative sizes of the

Craig Haney; Aida Hurtado; Luis Vega

1994-01-01

112

ITOUGH2 software qualification  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report is to provide all software baseline documents necessary for the software qualification of ITOUGH2. ITOUGH2 is a computer program providing inverse modeling capabilities for TOUGH2. TOUGH2 is a numerical simulation code for multi-dimensional coupled fluid and heat flow of multiphase, multicomponent fluid mixtures in porous and fractured media.

Finsterle, S.; Pruess, K.; Fraser, P.

1996-10-01

113

OCCUPATIONS IN THE CARE AND REHABILITATION OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

TWENTY-SEVEN FULL TIME OCCUPATIONS INVOLVING DIAGNOSIS, CARE, AND REHABILITATION OF THE MENTALLY RETARDED ARE DISCUSSED. FOR EACH, AN OCCUPATIONAL DEFINITION, THE NEEDED QUALIFICATIONS, AND SOME INDICATION OF THE NECESSARY WORKER TRAIT REQUIREMENTS SUCH AS APTITUDES, INTERESTS, TEMPERAMENT, AND PHYSICAL DEMANDS AND WORKING CONDITIONS ARE

BOSS, MILTON R.; GREGG, RANDOLPH M.

114

Occupational allergens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occupational agents are important in a significant number of respiratory diseases. More than 250 occupational substances have\\u000a been reported to cause occupational asthma. Occupational allergens are the subset of agents causing occupational diseases\\u000a through an IgE-mediated mechanism. These allergens may be classified as being of either high or low molecular weight. The\\u000a more common occupational allergens and the industries at

Francis Lachowsky; Manuel Lopez

2001-01-01

115

Letter of Intent to Propose Biomarker Qualification  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Resources for You. Biomarker Qualification Templates. -. Letter of Intent to Propose Biomarker Qualification. Administrative structure. ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/drugdevelopmenttoolsqualificationprogram

116

TOUGH2 software qualification  

SciTech Connect

TOUGH2 is a numerical simulation code for multi-dimensional coupled fluid and heat flow of multiphase, multicomponent fluid mixtures in porous and fractured media. It belongs to the MULKOM ({open_quotes}MULti-KOMponent{close_quotes}) family of codes and is a more general version of the TOUGH simulator. The MULKOM family of codes was originally developed with a focus on geothermal reservoir simulation. They are suited to modeling systems which contain different fluid mixtures, with applications to flow problems arising in the context of high-level nuclear waste isolation, oil and gas recovery and storage, and groundwater resource protection. TOUGH2 is essentially a subset of MULKOM, consisting of a selection of the better tested and documented MULKOM program modules. The purpose of this package of reports is to provide all software baseline documents necessary for the software qualification of TOUGH2.

Pruess, K.; Simmons, A.; Wu, Y.S.; Moridis, G.

1996-02-01

117

Kompetenz and Beruf in the context of the proposed German Qualifications Framework for Lifelong Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to answer a set of questions related to Kompetenz, Beruf and the German Qualifications Framework for Lifelong Learning. What is a competence, can it be measured? Is the Beruf really endangered by the focus on learning outcomes? What are the implications as regards the learning process? Are permeability and mobility between occupations

Volker Gehmlich

2009-01-01

118

Occupational Asthma  

MedlinePLUS

Occupational Asthma: Tips to Remember Occupational asthma is caused by inhaling fumes, gases, dust or other potentially harmful substances while "on the job." Often, your symptoms are worse during ...

119

Occupational asthma.  

PubMed

This article review recent developments in the study of occupational asthma and implications for the overall understanding of asthma. Occupational asthma is a clinical syndrome caused by many different agents. Contribution of studies of experimental inhalation challenge using occupational agents to the knowledge of asthmatic reactions and their mechanisms is discussed. Investigations in the occupational environment into predisposing factors and persistence or recovery after exposure to an allergic agent or nonspecific irritant are reviewed. Approaches to diagnosing asthma in the occupational environment and to assessing functional impairment and disability are outlined. Directions for future research are identified. PMID:3556062

Chan-Yeung, M; Malo, J L

1987-06-01

120

Animal Model Qualification: Frequently Asked Questions ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER) Animal Model Qualification Program Team Email: AnimalModelQualification@fda.hhs.gov Phone: 301-796 ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/drugdevelopmenttoolsqualificationprogram

121

29 CFR 32.14 - Job qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Job qualifications. 32.14 Section 32...Related Training Participation § 32.14 Job qualifications. (a) The recipient...the review of the appropriateness of all job qualifications to ensure that to the...

2013-07-01

122

Environmental Data Recorder (EDR) qualification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Qualification testing of the environmental data recorder (EDR) was successfully completed. The purpose of this test was to qualify the EDR so that it could monitor segments shipped via railcar from Utah to Kennedy Space Center (KSC). The tests consisted of a transportation and a functional test. The transportation test verified EDR operation in its intended environment. The functional test verified EDR accuracy. Data from the functional test showed that the EDR accuracies complied with requirements. Since the EDR meets or exceeds all of its test objectives, it was successfully qualified. It is recommended that the EDR replace the transportation monitoring unit (TMU). A description of the qualification procedure is presented.

Danforth, Richard A.

1991-01-01

123

Barriers to migrant entry to occupations in Australia.  

PubMed

In 1986, 21.3% of the population of Australia had been born overseas; currently, foreign born workers comprise 25% of the labor force. The level of skilled immigration has continued to increase throughout the 1980s. In the past, most English-speaking migrants gained recognition of their overseas qualifications, but about half of those from non-English speaking countries have never been able to return to their pre-migration occupations. Beginning with the medical field, occupational regulating gradually grew with state autonomy being a marked feature. Australia has 1 of the most highly regulated labor markets in the world, with hundreds of bodies to determine entry criteria. The Council of Overseas Professional Qualifications, established in 1969, guides selection and tests professionals both overseas and already resident in Australia. The Tradesmen's Rights Regulation Act recognizes acceptable tradesmen. Aside from these 2 bodies, the majority of qualifications are assessed at the state or local level. Problems skilled immigrants have encountered in attempting to gain recognition of their overseas qualifications include 1) preference for locally trained workers or discrimination against non-British/non-Australian qualifications; 2) lack of adequate information about assessment procedures; 3) inadequate use of interpreting and translating services; 4) language difficulties in tests; and 5) frequent assessment only on formal qualifications, with skills and experience not being evaluated. The 2 basic models for assessing occupational suitability are the valuation of qualifications approach and the valuation of skills approach. To illustrate the operation of various models of assessment, the author discusses these occupations: medicine, nursing, engineering, computing, and electrical trades. The major factors that are essential for an overall strategy of change include 1) less occupational regulation in the labor market; 2) national registration and licensing systems in the "life-threatening" or "critical" occupations; 3) optional certification systems preferably at the national level, in the noncritical occupations; 4) skills-based assessments; 5) mainstreaming of all assessment mechanisms into authorized accrediting and assessing agencies; and 6) flexible means of entry to occupations. The establishment of an appropriate mechanism and legislation for achieving this change is of paramount importance. PMID:12281965

Iredale, R

1989-03-01

124

A Task Analysis of the Clothing Service Occupations in the State of Wisconsin. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to identify the different entry level jobs available and to determine the competencies, qualifications, and/or training important for persons seeking employment in clothing apparel and textile service occupations in the State of Wisconsin. The four occupations studied were sewing machine operator, fabric specialist,

Mazejy, Shamiram

125

Report of the Technical Committee for Manufacturing Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document, which is intended to assist developers of instructional programs in preparing Oregon students for employment in the manufacturing industry, discusses past and projected labor supply/demand in Oregon's manufacturing industry and identifies employment qualifications and job duties/tasks for manufacturing technology occupations.

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

126

Earnings and Occupational Status Returns to Lifelong Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the returns from lifelong learning, as measured by qualification achievement after a period in the labour market. We depart from other studies by using the annual panel data of the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) and considering two outcomes, hourly earnings and the CAMSIS score (a measure of occupational status). A fixed effects methodology is used to

Franz Buscha; Jo Blanden; Patrick Sturgis; Peter Urwin

127

Occupational Asthma  

PubMed Central

Bronchospasm is a common cause of morbidity in the workplace. More than 100 agents are now recognized as occupational causes of asthma and numerous agents can cause exacerbations of preexisting asthma. Because of the large number of potential causative agents and the complexity of modern industrial processes, knowledge of the characteristic clinical features of occupational asthma is the key to recognizing this disease. Early diagnosis of occupational asthma is important in preventing long-term morbidity. Present evidence that prolonged exposure to some work-encountered agents can cause asthma that persists for years after the end of exposure suggests that avoidance is the only acceptable countermeasure against this disease.

Sheppard, Dean

1982-01-01

128

Round table discussion " Development of qualification framework in meteorology (TEMPUS QUALIMET)"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The international consortium has started implementing a project aimed at the development of unified framework of qualifications in meteorology (QualiMet), setting a system of recognition and award of qualifications up to Doctoral level based on standards of knowledge, skill and competence acquired by learners is underway. The QualiMet has the following specific objectives: 1. To develop standards of knowledge, skills and competence for all qualifications up to Doctoral level needed in all possible occupations meteorology learner can undertake, by July 2011 2. To develop reciprocally recognized rubrics, criteria, methods and tools for assessing the compliance with the developed standards (quality assurance), by July 2012 3. To set the network of Centers of Excellence as the primary designer of sample education programs and learning experiences, both in brick-and-mortar and distant setting of delivery, leading to achievement of the developed standards, by December 2012 4. To set a system of mutual international recognition and award of qualifications in meteorology based on the developed procedures and establishment of self-regulatory public organization, by December 2012 The main beneficiaries of the project are: 1. Meteorology learners from the consortium countries. They will be able to make informed decisions about available qualification choices and progression options and provided an opportunity for students and graduates to participate in the system of international continuous education. 2. Meteorology employers from the consortium countries, They will be able to specify the level of knowledge, skill and competence required for occupational roles, evaluate qualifications presented, connect training and development with business needs. 3. Students and academic staff of all the consortium members, who will gain the increased mobility and exchange the fluxes of culturally and institutionally diversified lecturers and qualified specialists

Bashmakova, I.; Belotserkovsky, A.; Karlin, L.; Petrosyan, A.; Serditova, N.; Zilitinkevich, S.

2010-09-01

129

Occupational Health  

MedlinePLUS

Occupational health problems occur at work or because of the kind of work you do. These problems can include ... by exposure to radiation Exposure to germs in health care settings Good job safety and prevention practices ...

130

Occupational cancer  

SciTech Connect

Cancer resulting from occupational exposure is now receiving major attention, focusing on identification, regulation, and control of cancer-causing agents. Such cancer can result from exposure to chemicals and ionizing and nonionizing radiation. Extended exposure (often years) and an extended latent period of perhaps decades may intervene before tumor appearance. Although the actual extent of occupational cancer is in debate, estimates have ranged from 4 to 15 per cent of all cancer.

Nelson, N.

1987-07-01

131

Taking Qualification Requirements into Account at the Different Levels of Engineering. Nuclear Qualification of Electrical Equipments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

After a recall of the part of FRAMATOME in the French nuclear qualification, the equipments to be qualified are briefly presented and the qualification process to follow is given. (ERA citation 11:029799)

E. Raimondo

1985-01-01

132

AGR-1 Data Qualification Report  

SciTech Connect

ABSTRACT Projects for the very high temperature reactor (VHTR) Technology Development Office (TDO) program provide data in support of Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensing of the VHTR. Fuel and materials to be used in the reactor are tested and characterized to quantify performance in high temperature and high fluence environments. The VHTR program has established the NGNP Data Management and Analysis System (NDMAS) to ensure that VHTR data are (1) qualified for use, (2) stored in a readily accessible electronic form, and (3) analyzed to extract useful results. This document focuses on the first NDMAS objective. It describes the data streams associated with the first Advanced Gas Reactor experiment (AGR-1), the processing of these data within NDMAS, and reports the qualification status of the data. Data qualification activities within NDMAS for specific types of data are determined by the data qualification category assigned by the data generator. They include: (1) capture testing, to confirm that the data stored within NDMAS are identical to the raw data supplied, (2) accuracy testing, to confirm that the data are an accurate representation of the system or object being measured, and (3) documentation that the data were collected under an NQA-1 or equivalent quality assurance program. The NDMAS database processing and qualification status of the following five data streams is reported in this document: 1. Fuel fabrication data. All data have been processed into the NDMAS database and qualified (1,819 records). 2. Fuel irradiation data. Data from all 13 AGR-1 reactor cycles have been processed into the NDMAS database and tested. Of these, 85% have been qualified and 15% have failed NDMAS accuracy testing. 3. FPMS data. Reprocessed (January 2010) data from all 13 AGR-1 reactor cycles have been processed into the database and capture tested. Final qualification of these data will be recorded after QA approval of an Engineering Calculations and Analysis Report currently in review. 4. ATR Operating Conditions Data. Data for all AGR-1 cycles have been stored and capture tested. These data, which come from outside the VHTR program, are assumed to be qualified by ATR quality control procedures. 5. Neutronics and Thermal Modeling Data. NDMAS processing is in progress. These data will not be qualified by NDMAS.

Michael Abbott

2010-03-01

133

14 CFR 121.913 - Qualification curriculum.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...qualification curriculum must contain training, evaluation, and certification activities...holder's planned hours of training, evaluation, and supervised operating...the following: (1) Training, evaluation, and certification...

2013-01-01

134

10 CFR Appendix H to Part 73 - Weapons Qualification Criteria  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Weapons Qualification Criteria H Appendix H to Part 73 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED...H Appendix H to Part 73Weapons Qualification Criteria ...difficulty will be used for all weapon qualification testing....

2013-01-01

135

49 CFR 391.11 - General qualifications of drivers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

49 Transportation 5 2011-10-01 ...General qualifications of drivers. 391.11 Section 391.11 Transportation Other Regulations...Qualification and Disqualification of Drivers § 391.11 General qualifications of...

2011-10-01

136

49 CFR 391.11 - General qualifications of drivers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

49 Transportation 5 2012-10-01 ...General qualifications of drivers. 391.11 Section 391.11 Transportation Other Regulations...Qualification and Disqualification of Drivers § 391.11 General qualifications of...

2012-10-01

137

14 CFR 60.7 - Sponsor qualification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Sponsor qualification requirements. 60...QUALIFICATION AND USE § 60.7 Sponsor qualification requirements. (a) A person is eligible to apply to be a sponsor of an FSTD if the following...

2013-01-01

138

49 CFR 180.405 - Qualification of cargo tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Qualification of cargo tanks. 180.405 Section 180.405 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Cargo Tanks § 180.405 Qualification of cargo tanks. (a) General. Unless otherwise...

2009-10-01

139

49 CFR 180.405 - Qualification of cargo tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Qualification of cargo tanks. 180.405 Section 180.405 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Cargo Tanks § 180.405 Qualification of cargo tanks. (a) General. Unless otherwise...

2010-10-01

140

49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

2011-10-01

141

49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

2012-10-01

142

Qualifications Frameworks in Africa: A Critical Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Today there is an accelerating trend towards qualifications frameworks as an instrument to develop, classify and recognise formal learning across the African continent, as is also the case across most of Europe, Australasia and the Asia-Pacific region. As more and more countries and regions across the world develop qualifications frameworks to

Higgs, P.; Keevy, J.

2009-01-01

143

Bhutan's First Library Qualification, Background and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During a six month contract with the Royal University of Bhutan, the author was required to develop the initial stages of a first library qualification to be offered in Bhutan. Questions raised by this project included: is a first qualification in librarianship needed in Bhutan? What are the potential student numbers in such a programme? What

Ransom, Sylvia

2011-01-01

144

Qualifications Frameworks in Africa: A Critical Reflection  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today there is an accelerating trend towards qualifications frameworks as an instrument to develop, classify and recognise formal learning across the African continent, as is also the case across most of Europe, Australasia and the Asia-Pacific region. As more and more countries and regions across the world develop qualifications frameworks to

Higgs, P.; Keevy, J.

2009-01-01

145

Equipment qualification (EQ): Risk scoping study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the EQ--Risk Scoping Study was to use probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) techniques (1) to assess the impact of electrical equipment environmental qualification or lack thereof on reactor risk and its uncertainties, and (2) to identify any analyses or testing that may be necessary to reduce the risk or its uncertainties stemming from lack of qualification of equipment

L. D. Bustard; J. Clark; G. T. Medford; A. M. Kolaczkowski

1989-01-01

146

OCCUPATIONAL CANCERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental factors play a big role in the formation of cancer. According to what we know today, 80% of cases of cancer are caused by the effects of environmental factors. Included among the environmental factors are those that can be found in the workplace and occupational factors. The first comprehensive investigation in this field was conducted by R. Doll and

Nazmi Bilir

147

Study of business ethics in occupational medicine.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the views of specialists in occupational medicine about business ethics in occupational medicine. METHOD: A qualitative study with face to face focus groups and successive reviews of the draft consensus was undertaken of all accredited specialists in occupational medicine who were members of the south Wales and west of England group of the Society of Occupational Medicine, and of all regional specialty advisers and deputies from the Faculty of Occupational Medicine. RESULTS: There was widespread agreement for the need of a code of business ethics. In all, during the four draft stages of preparing a consensus, 72% (28/39) of members of the south Wales and west of England group of the Society of Occupational Medicine, and 31% (20/64) of regional specialty advisers and deputies provided detailed comment for inclusion in it. CONCLUSIONS: Consensus of their views was reached among study participants for issues of business ethics involving advertising, competence, qualifications, fees, commitment, changes in provider contracts, regulation, and supervision of trainees. It provides a basis for further debate.

Philipp, R; Goodman, G; Harling, K; Beattie, B

1997-01-01

148

Occupational asthma.  

PubMed Central

Occupational asthma is probably much more common than is generally realized. Though many causes have been described, undoubtedly many more are yet to be recognized. One of the diagnostic difficulties lies in the fact that in most forms of this disease a late asthmatic reaction occurs in the evening rather than at work. The pathogenetic mechanisms differ in various forms of occupational asthma. In some, an immunologic mechanism is likely; in others, a "pharmacologic" action of the offending agent is implicated. Asthma due to inhalation of dusts of western red cedar, isocyanates, detergent enzymes and textiles is considered in detail. Periodic examination of workers at risk is of value for early diagnosis and prevention of irrversible airway obstruction.

Chan-Yeung, M.; Grzybowski, S.

1976-01-01

149

Occupational Orientation: Health Occupations. Experimental Curriculum Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These experimental curriculum materials for one of five clusters developed for the occupational program in Illinois include a series of learning activity packages (LAPs) designed to acquaint the student with the wide range of occupational choices available in the health occupations field. The 28 LAPs, each with a different occupation focus, are

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.

150

26 CFR 1.471-2 - Valuation of inventories.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...be valued at bona fide selling prices less direct cost of disposition...scrap value. Bona fide selling price means actual...are valued upon such selling basis come within the...referred to as the direct cost method....

2013-04-01

151

47 CFR 76.205 - Origination cablecasts by legally qualified candidates for public office; equal opportunities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...system shall have no power of censorship over the material broadcast...newscast; (2) Bona fide news interview; (3) Bona fide news documentary (if the appearance...subject or subjects covered by the news documentary); or (4)...

2009-10-01

152

47 CFR 76.205 - Origination cablecasts by legally qualified candidates for public office; equal opportunities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...system shall have no power of censorship over the material broadcast...newscast; (2) Bona fide news interview; (3) Bona fide news documentary (if the appearance...subject or subjects covered by the news documentary); or (4)...

2010-10-01

153

Geometric Qualification of Production Parts  

SciTech Connect

Computer Aided Design (CAD) is a commonly utilized software tool to conceptualize and create the part designs that are then used as input for product definition, or for the manufacture of production parts within commercial industry and, more specifically, at the Kansas City Plant (KCP). However, data created on CAD systems is, at times, unable to regenerate within the originating CAD system or be shared or translated for use by a dissimilar CAD system. Commercial software has been developed to help identify or qualify these difficulties that occur in the usage of this data. This project reviewed the different commercial software packages available for the activity of qualification and made recommendations for availability and use in the design processes at the KCP prior to the release of the product definition.

J. A. Bradley

2005-09-30

154

Photoresist qualification using scatterometry CD  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the semiconductor industry advances to smaller design rules, Photoresist performance is critical for the tight lithography process. Critical Dimension (CD), Side Wall Angle (SWA) and Photoresist height, which are critical for the final semiconductor patterning, depend on the Photoresist chemistry. Each Photoresist batch has to be qualified to verify that it can achieve the required quality specifications. Photoresist qualification is done by exposing Photoresist and monitoring outcome after developing. In this work, Archer 300LCM scatterometry-based Optical CD (OCD) was evaluated using Dow 193 Immersion Top Coat Free Photoresist and Anti Reflection Layers (ARL). As part of the sensitivity analysis, changes in Photoresist thickness, ARL thickness and Photoresist formulation were evaluated. Results were compared to CD-SEM measurements. The CD sensitivity was evaluated on two grating dense line and space features with nominal Middle CD (MCD) values of 37nm and 75nm. Sensitivity of the OCD for Photoresist parameters was demonstrated.

Volkovich, Roie; Avrahamov, Yosef; Cohen, Guy; Fallon, Patricia; Yin, Wenyan

2012-03-01

155

16 CFR 1204.15 - Qualification testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OMNIDIRECTIONAL CITIZENS BAND BASE STATION ANTENNAS Certification § 1204.15 Qualification...Before any manufacturer or importer of CB antennas which are subject to the standard...shall be tested to determine that all such antennas manufactured after the...

2013-01-01

156

42 CFR 410.134 - Provider qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM SUPPLEMENTARY MEDICAL INSURANCE (SMI) BENEFITS Medical Nutrition Therapy § 410.134 Provider qualifications...of MNT, only a registered dietitian or nutrition professional may provide the...

2009-10-01

157

42 CFR 410.134 - Provider qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM SUPPLEMENTARY MEDICAL INSURANCE (SMI) BENEFITS Medical Nutrition Therapy § 410.134 Provider qualifications...of MNT, only a registered dietitian or nutrition professional may provide the...

2010-10-01

158

7 CFR 959.121 - Qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE ONIONS GROWN IN SOUTH TEXAS Rules and Regulations...121 Qualification. Before handling onions for special purposes which do not...Privilege indicating his intent to so handle onions, (b) agree to comply with...

2013-01-01

159

43 CFR 3141.6-4 - Qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LEASING IN SPECIAL TAR SAND AREAS Leasing in Special Tar Sand Areas § 3141.6-4 Qualifications. Each bidder shall submit with the bid a statement...

2012-10-01

160

15 CFR 40.2 - Qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE TRAINING OF FOREIGN PARTICIPANTS IN CENSUS PROCEDURES AND GENERAL STATISTICS § 40.2 Qualifications. (a) To be eligible for a training grant at the Bureau of the Census the applicant must...

2013-01-01

161

7 CFR 948.121 - Qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SERVICE (MARKETING AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; FRUITS, VEGETABLES, NUTS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE IRISH POTATOES GROWN IN COLORADO Rules and Regulations Safeguards § 948.121 Qualification. Before handling potatoes for special purposes which...

2013-01-01

162

Heat Treatment Procedure Qualification. Final Technical Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Heat treatment practices used by steel foundries have been carefully studied as part of comprehensive heat treatment procedure qualification development trials. These studies highlight the relationships between critical heat treatment process control para...

2005-01-01

163

Drug Development Tools (DDT) Qualification Programs  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... The Drug[1] Development Tool (DDT) Qualification Programs allow CDER to work with submitters to guide them as they develop or refine a DDT for ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/developmentapprovalprocess/drugdevelopmenttoolsqualificationprogram

164

Expedition 31 Qualification Training Simulation Runs  

NASA Video Gallery

Expedition 31 Flight Engineers Gennady Padalka, Sergei Revin and Joe Acaba, along with backup crew members Kevin Ford, Oleg Novitskiy and Evgeny Tarelkin, complete qualification training simulation runs at Star City, Russia.

Gerald T Wright

2012-05-01

165

Nuclear Criticality Safety Department Qualification Program  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Criticality Safety Department (NCSD) is committed to developing and maintaining a staff of highly qualified personnel to meet the current and anticipated needs in Nuclear Criticality Safety (NCS) at the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. This document defines the Qualification Program to address the NCSD technical and managerial qualification as required by the Y-1 2 Training Implementation Matrix (TIM). This Qualification Program is in compliance with DOE Order 5480.20A and applicable Lockheed Martin Energy Systems, Inc. (LMES) and Y-1 2 Plant procedures. It is implemented through a combination of WES plant-wide training courses and professional nuclear criticality safety training provided within the department. This document supersedes Y/DD-694, Revision 2, 2/27/96, Qualification Program, Nuclear Criticality Safety Department There are no backfit requirements associated with revisions to this document.

Carroll, K.J.; Taylor, R.G.; Worley, C.A.

1996-09-06

166

27 CFR 40.61 - Qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) TOBACCO MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO PRODUCTS, CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES, AND PROCESSED TOBACCO Qualification Requirements...such as a tobacconist, who takes taxpaid tobacco products out of the package, as that term is defined in § 40.11,...

2013-04-01

167

Nuclear Reactor Safety. Qualification of Polymeric Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A facility has been realized for nuclear qualification and extensive testing of material which are used (or could be used) in nuclear plants, mainly plastic materials (insulating, tightness, coatings). The test cell of reference accident simulation called...

F. Carlin G. Gaussens F. Lemaire D. Paoli

1981-01-01

168

32 CFR 171.4 - Qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...4 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE DEFENSE CONTRACTING IMPLEMENTATION OF WILDFIRE SUPPRESSION AIRCRAFT TRANSFER ACT OF 1996 § 171.4 Qualifications. The Secretary of Agriculture must certify...

2013-07-01

169

Skill qualifications in pediatric minimally invasive surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeIn 2006, The Japanese Society of Pediatric Endoscopic Surgeons devised a plan to develop a pediatric endoscopic surgical skill\\u000a qualification (ESSQ) system. This system is controlled by The Japan Society for Endoscopic Surgery. The standard requirement\\u000a for skills qualification is the ability of each applicant to complete common types of laparoscopic surgery. The main goal\\u000a of the system is to

Tadashi IwanakaYasuhide; Yasuhide Morikawa; Atsuyuki Yamataka; Masaki Nio; Osamu Segawa; Hiroshi Kawashima; Masahito Sato; Hirotsugu Terakura; Hiroshi Take; Ryuichiro Hirose; Makoto Yagi

2011-01-01

170

17 CFR 1.47 - Requirements for classification of purchases or sales of contracts for future delivery as bona...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...contracts for future delivery as bona fide hedging under § 1.3(z)(3) of the regulations...contracts for future delivery as bona fide hedging under § 1.3(z)(3) of the regulations...statements shall not be considered as bona fide hedging if such person is so notified by the...

2010-04-01

171

17 CFR 1.47 - Requirements for classification of purchases or sales of contracts for future delivery as bona...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...contracts for future delivery as bona fide hedging under § 1.3(z)(3) of the regulations...contracts for future delivery as bona fide hedging under § 1.3(z)(3) of the regulations...statements shall not be considered as bona fide hedging if such person is so notified by the...

2009-04-01

172

Occupational asthma.  

PubMed Central

Occupational asthma is important both as a potentially curable and preventable cause of asthma and as a model of adult onset asthma. It is induced by sensitization to a specific agent inhaled at work; for many of its causes, including inhaled proteins and the low molecular weight chemicals acid anhydrides and reactive dyes, it is probably IgE dependent. The risk of developing specific IgE and associated asthma is markedly increased in cigarette smokers, probably as a consequence of non-specific damage to the respiratory mucosa. Asthma caused by several agents, which include some of its most frequent causes, isocyanates, colophony and plicatic acid (Western Red Cedar) persists in some 50% of cases for years, and possibly indefinitely, after avoidance of exposure. The development of chronic symptomatic asthma seems particularly to occur in those with longer duration of symptomatic exposure.

Newman Taylor, A. J.

1988-01-01

173

Occupational asthma.  

PubMed Central

Many toxic compounds found in air emissions may induce bronchoconstriction. In the workplace, workers are exposed to these compounds, often in much higher concentrations. Some of these compounds act as sensitizers. Of these, some compounds induce asthma by producing specific IgE antibodies to the compound or its protein conjugate, while others induce asthma through yet unidentified immunologic mechanisms. Some compounds, when inhaled in high concentrations, act as irritants and produce bronchoconstriction probably by inducing acute airway inflammation. The latter condition is called Reactive Airways Dysfunction Syndrome (RADS) or irritant-induced asthma. Occupational asthma is an excellent model to study the pathogenesis and the natural history of adult onset asthma because the responsible agent can be identified, complete avoidance is possible, and exposure can be measured or estimated.

Chan-Yeung, M

1995-01-01

174

Reliability qualification of optical connectors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The demand of telecom operators for a 15 year lifetime of their systems is imposing a big challenge on component manufacturers. It means that also for optical connectors - which are used in large numbers in DWDM systems - the wear-out region must not be reached even after 25 years. However, how can it be shown that a connector will live for more than 25 years? Different approaches are possible: Collection of field data can supply information on the statistical failure rates at operating temperature. Accelerated aging tests (often simply called reliability tests) try to simulate aging under defined conditions. Our focus is on the reliability qualification according to the PAS (publicly available specification) IEC 62005-9-2 which is based on the co-work of Siemens with the connector manufacturers and assemblers Corning, Diamond, Huber+Suhner, Molex and TycoElectronics. This standard should now be overworked with the help of the results of the first common testing program which has recently been carried out by the Siemens ICN "Center for Quality Engineering".

Pompe, Guido; Opacic, Aleksandar; Bolhaar, Ton

2004-09-01

175

Occupational Classification System Manual  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Researchers may gain insight into the Bureau of Labor Statistics and Census Bureau occupational codes via the Occupational Classification System Manual (OCSM). A list of Major Occupation Group titles (MOGs) is provided as well as links to the Census Occupation Index--an alphabetical list of approximately 30,000 occupational titles. Further guidance in locating the proper occupation classification for research queries is outlined in the articles "Using the OCSM" and "Using the Census Index."

176

[Additional Qualification in Health Economics - a Pre-condition for ENT Leadership Positions?  

PubMed

The increasing medical-technical progress as well as the dramatic demographic changes cause problems with regard to rapid enlargement of medical service offers, allocation of resources and a financing shortfall in the German public health system. The economization in the German Health System can also be perceived in ENT departments.After performing an internet search about the rapidly growing market for qualifications measures in health economics, we hence conducted an anonymous survey for ENT senior doctors and directors of the 34 German University Departments to evaluate their attitude towards, as well as their expectation of such an add-on qualification.Since the German government finalized the health care reform in the year 2000 such qualification measures rapidly developed: amongst others, 26 postgraduate, extra-occupational master programs have been inaugurated. The anonymous survey was answered by 105 ENT doctors (63 senior doctors, 27 vice professors and 15 directors). 63% out of these 105 colleagues considered such an add-on qualification to be mandatory. 41% of the colleagues were already "add-on qualified" in that field, only 10 of them by means of a study program. 71 of 105 colleagues (68%) considered the add-on qualification to be advantageous for their future personal career. With regard to the designated contents of the study program, "Staff Management" was even prioritized to "Hospital Financing" and "Cost Accounting".Aspects of management and a (health-) economical basic knowledge became an integral part of the daily routine for "first-line management doctors" also in (University) ENT -departments. PMID:23364864

Lehnerdt, G; Schffski, O; Mattheis, S; Hoffmann, T K; Lang, S

2013-01-30

177

Technical qualification requirements and training programs for radiation protection personnel at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This document deals with the policies and practices of the Environmental and Occupational Safety Division (EOSD) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in regard to the selection, training, qualification, and requalification of radiation protection staff assigned to reactor and nonreactor nuclear facilities. Included are personnel at facilities that: (1) operate reactors or particle accelerators; (2) produce, process, or store radioactive liquid or solid waste; (3) conduct separations operations; (4) engage in research with radioactive materials and radiation sources; and (5) conduct irradiated materials inspection, fuel fabrication, deconamination, or recovery operations. The EOSD personnel also have environmental surveillance and operational and industrial safety responsibilities related to the total Laboratory.

Copenhaver, E.D.; Houser, B.S.; Butler, H.M. Jr.; Bogard, J.S.; Fair, M.F.; Haynes, C.E.; Parzyck, D.C.

1986-04-01

178

48 CFR 552.237-70 - Qualifications of Offerors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 552.237-70 Qualifications...Offeror's qualifications, the Offeror may be requested to furnish a narrative statement listing comparable contracts which it has...

2011-10-01

179

48 CFR 552.237-70 - Qualifications of Offerors.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 552.237-70 Qualifications...Offeror's qualifications, the Offeror may be requested to furnish a narrative statement listing comparable contracts which it has...

2012-10-01

180

32 CFR 935.139 - Motor vehicle operator qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Motor vehicle operator qualifications. 935.139 Section...AND INSULAR REGULATIONS WAKE ISLAND CODE Motor Vehicle Code § 935.139 Motor vehicle operator qualifications. (a) No...

2013-07-01

181

45 CFR 1306.21 - Staff qualification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Requirements § 1306.21 Staff qualification requirements. Head Start...must comply with section 648A of the Head Start Act and any subsequent amendments regarding the qualifications of classroom teachers. [61 FR 57226,...

2012-10-01

182

34 CFR 200.58 - Qualifications of paraprofessionals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DISADVANTAGED Improving Basic Programs Operated by Local Educational Agencies Qualifications of Teachers and Paraprofessionals § 200.58 Qualifications of paraprofessionals. (a) Applicability. (1) An LEA must ensure that...

2010-07-01

183

34 CFR 200.58 - Qualifications of paraprofessionals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DISADVANTAGED Improving Basic Programs Operated by Local Educational Agencies Qualifications of Teachers and Paraprofessionals § 200.58 Qualifications of paraprofessionals. (a) Applicability. (1) An LEA must ensure that...

2009-07-01

184

30 CFR 881.3 - Qualification of projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Qualification of projects. 881.3 Section 881.3...Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 881.3 Qualification of projects. (a) Projects for the reclamation and...

2009-07-01

185

30 CFR 881.3 - Qualification of projects.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Qualification of projects. 881.3 Section 881.3...Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 881.3 Qualification of projects. (a) Projects for the reclamation and...

2010-07-01

186

14 CFR 121.463 - Aircraft dispatcher qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Aircraft dispatcher qualifications...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION...AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Aircraft Dispatcher Qualifications and...Operations § 121.463 Aircraft dispatcher...

2013-01-01

187

18 CFR 292.203 - General requirements for qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... General requirements for qualification. 292...Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE... General requirements for qualification. (a...facilities located at a new dam or diversion....

2013-04-01

188

42 CFR 493.1469 - Standard: Cytology general supervisor qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Standard: Cytology general supervisor qualifications. 493...Complexity Testing § 493.1469 Standard: Cytology general supervisor qualifications. The cytology general supervisor must be qualified...

2009-10-01

189

42 CFR 493.1469 - Standard: Cytology general supervisor qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard: Cytology general supervisor qualifications. 493...Complexity Testing § 493.1469 Standard: Cytology general supervisor qualifications. The cytology general supervisor must be qualified...

2010-10-01

190

14 CFR 121.915 - Continuing qualification curriculum.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...on all events and subjects necessary to ensure that each person maintains proficiency in knowledge, technical skills, and cognitive skills required for initial qualification in accordance with the approved continuing qualification AQP,...

2013-01-01

191

42 CFR 493.1363 - Standard: PPM testing personnel qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Standard: PPM testing personnel qualifications...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS...REQUIREMENTS Personnel for Nonwaived Testing Laboratories Performing...493.1363 Standard: PPM testing personnel qualifications....

2011-10-01

192

42 CFR 493.1363 - Standard: PPM testing personnel qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Standard: PPM testing personnel qualifications...SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS...REQUIREMENTS Personnel for Nonwaived Testing Laboratories Performing...493.1363 Standard: PPM testing personnel qualifications....

2012-10-01

193

46 CFR 56.70-20 - Qualification, general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING PIPING SYSTEMS AND APPURTENANCES Fabrication, Assembly and Erection § 56.70-20 Qualification, general. (a) Qualification of the welding procedures to be...

2012-10-01

194

46 CFR 56.70-20 - Qualification, general.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING PIPING SYSTEMS AND APPURTENANCES Fabrication, Assembly and Erection § 56.70-20 Qualification, general. (a) Qualification of the welding procedures to be...

2011-10-01

195

27 CFR 41.114a - Qualification for extended deferral.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Qualification for extended deferral. 41.114a Section 41.114a Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL...Payment of Tax in Puerto Rico on Tobacco Products § 41.114a Qualification for extended deferral. Note:...

2009-04-01

196

27 CFR 41.114a - Qualification for extended deferral.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Qualification for extended deferral. 41.114a Section 41.114a Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL...Payment of Tax in Puerto Rico on Tobacco Products § 41.114a Qualification for extended deferral. Note:...

2010-04-01

197

14 CFR 121.915 - Continuing qualification curriculum.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...person maintains proficiency in knowledge, technical skills, and cognitive skills required for initial qualification in accordance...training including a general review of knowledge and skills covered in qualification training, updated...

2010-01-01

198

14 CFR 121.915 - Continuing qualification curriculum.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...person maintains proficiency in knowledge, technical skills, and cognitive skills required for initial qualification in accordance...training including a general review of knowledge and skills covered in qualification training, updated...

2009-01-01

199

49 CFR 242.301 - Requirements for territorial qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... QUALIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF CONDUCTORS Territorial Qualification and Joint...railroad, including a railroad that employs conductors working in joint operations territory...permit or require a person to serve as a conductor unless that railroad determines...

2012-10-01

200

77 FR 51784 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; Qualification Requirements  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...concerning Qualification Requirements. Public comments are...will have practical utility; whether our estimate...enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the...0083, Qualification Requirements, by any of the following...on your attached document. Fax:...

2012-08-27

201

Maori Occupational Segregation  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are many schemata of occupational classification. One of the more satisfactory is the Smith scheme which classified white-collar occupations into six groups. This schema was adapted by Hill and Brosnan to include blue-collar occupations and used to compare the occupational distribution of New Zealand's major ethnic groups as at the 1981 census. This article uses that revised schema to

Peter Brosnan

1987-01-01

202

Occupational Therapy Assistant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which is designed for use in developing a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of occupational therapy assistant, lists technical competencies and competency builders for 16 units pertinent to the health technologies cluster in general as well as those specific to the occupation of occupational therapy assistant. The

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

203

Occupational Therapy Assistant.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document, which is designed for use in developing a tech prep competency profile for the occupation of occupational therapy assistant, lists technical competencies and competency builders for 16 units pertinent to the health technologies cluster in general as well as those specific to the occupation of occupational therapy assistant. The

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center on Education and Training for Employment.

204

46 CFR 57.05-3 - Limited space qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Limited space qualifications. 57.05-3 Section...Qualifications § 57.05-3 Limited space qualifications. When a welder is...on board ship in a limited or restricted space, the space restrictions shown in...

2012-10-01

205

46 CFR 57.05-3 - Limited space qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Limited space qualifications. 57.05-3 Section...Qualifications § 57.05-3 Limited space qualifications. When a welder is...on board ship in a limited or restricted space, the space restrictions shown in...

2011-10-01

206

25 CFR 38.5 - Qualifications for educators.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Qualifications for educators. 38.5 Section 38.5 Indians...PERSONNEL § 38.5 Qualifications for educators. (a) Qualifications related to positions...higher than the rate paid to qualified educators in teaching positions at that...

2010-04-01

207

25 CFR 38.5 - Qualifications for educators.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Qualifications for educators. 38.5 Section 38.5 Indians...PERSONNEL § 38.5 Qualifications for educators. (a) Qualifications related to positions...higher than the rate paid to qualified educators in teaching positions at that...

2009-04-01

208

48 CFR 9.205 - Opportunity for qualification before award.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Opportunity for qualification before award. 9...Qualifications Requirements 9.205 Opportunity for qualification before award...which a request for the information and opportunity described in 9.202(a)(2)...

2012-10-01

209

48 CFR 9.205 - Opportunity for qualification before award.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Opportunity for qualification before award. 9...Qualifications Requirements 9.205 Opportunity for qualification before award...which a request for the information and opportunity described in 9.202(a)(2)...

2011-10-01

210

Desirable Qualifications of High School Commercial Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

These things stand out in the desirable qualifications of commercial teachers: adequate training, desirable personal qualities, good health, high moral character and religious ideals, definite aims and a desire to grow in service, ability to co-operate with fellow workers for the training of students to meet life's problems wisely and to get the highest good from their experience of living.

C. A. McKinney

1934-01-01

211

Environmental Qualification of an Actuator Torque Switch  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental qualification testing was performed on a modified Limitorque torque switch for the torque switch safety functions in the Limitorque type SMB actuators located inside and outside containment in a nuclear power plant. The torque switch specimen was installed in a Limitorque SMB-1 electric actuator mounted on an 8'' Velan gate valve and operated with a customized programmable logic controller

A. M. Chan; S. L. Barreca; T. Kostela

2006-01-01

212

Expedition 32 Final Soyuz Qualification Exams  

NASA Video Gallery

Expedition 32 Flight Engineers Suni Williams, Yuri Malenchenko and Aki Hoshide take their final Soyuz systems qualification exams at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in Star City, Russia. The trio is scheduled to launch to the International Space Station on July 14.

Russell Todd D

2012-06-20

213

National Qualification Frameworks: Developing Research Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arguments for National Qualification Frameworks (NQF) are compelling. Indeed, such frameworks are now an international phenomenon. Yet, few studies take a critical perspective and challenge the broad assumptions underpinning NQF. Arguments presented in this paper attempt to open a debate within the higher education community that draws attention to conflicts and tensions regarding the diffusion and use of NQF. The

Scott Fernie; Nick Pilcher

2009-01-01

214

Mask qualification strategies in a wafer fab  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Having consistent high quality photo masks is one of the key factors in lithography in the wafer fab. Combined with stable exposure- and resist processes, it ensures yield increases in production and fast learning cycles for technology development and design evaluation. Preventive controlling of incoming masks and quality monitoring while using the mask in production is essential for the fab to avoid yield loss or technical problems caused by mask issues, which eventually result in delivery problems to the customer. In this paper an overview of the procedures used for mask qualification and production release, for both logic and DRAM, at Infineon Dresden is presented. Incoming qualification procedures, such as specification checks, incoming inspection, and inline litho process window evaluation, are described here. Pinching and electrical tests, including compatibility tests for mask copies for high volume products on optimized litho processes, are also explained. To avoid mask degradation over lifetime, re-inspection checks are done for re-qualification while using the mask in production. The necessity of mask incoming inspection and re-qualification, due to the repeater printing from either the processing defects of the original mask or degrading defects of being used in the fab (i.e. haze, ESD, and moving particles, etc.), is demonstrated. The need and impact of tight mask specifications, such as CD uniformity signatures and corresponding electrical results, are shown with examples of mask-wafer CD correlation.

Jaehnert, Carmen; Kunowski, Angela

2007-05-01

215

Qualifications and Skills: The Organisational Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper portrays the inferences that employers in Greece draw from particular aspects of study programmes, as recorded on educational qualifications. Based on semi-structured interviews with human resource managers in 37 industrial and service organisations and general directors of careers offices in eight higher education institutions, and

Dafou, Efthimia

2009-01-01

216

Reasoning About Action II: The Qualification Problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a computationally effective approach to representing and reasoning about actionswith many qualifications. The approach involves treating actions as qualified not by specificfacts that may or may not hold when the action is executed, but instead as potentiallyqualified by general constraints describing the domain being investigated. Specifically, wesuggest that the result of the action be computed without considering these

Matthew L. Ginsberg; David E. Smith

1988-01-01

217

Qualification and Development Needs for Technical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Vast and rapid changes in global technologies have made development of a sound and efficient system of technical education (TE) critical for Oman and the other Arab Gulf countries. Producing TE graduates with the skills needed for success in today's global economy requires TE teachers with the following qualifications: mastery of the core skills

El Tell, Khalaf; Al-Maaitah, Ayman

218

Biomarker Qualification via PublicPrivate Partnerships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biomarkers linked to patient outcomes (safety and efficacy) have an increasingly important role in drug development. Consequently, validation and qualification of such biomarkers are essential, often requiring large data sets from well-controlled randomized clinical trials. In the December 2009 issue of Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, investigators utilizing data from four pharmaceutical companies and working under the auspices of the Biomarkers

S L Eck; S M Paul

2010-01-01

219

The European teaching force: Conditions, mobility and qualifications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Full realisation of the original aims of the EC freedom of movement, services, capital and labour coincides with an increasing focus on the role and function of teachers, on their supply and management and on their level of qualifications and expertise as the key to the provision of the high quality education provision which the new single Europe needs. As the largest occupational group within the EC with a pivotal position in the restructuring of education, lifelong learning and the management of human resources, teachers have come under the political spotlight. How they are selected, trained and qualified, what a government expects from their work and how their contribution to society is recognised and recompensed varies from country to country. This article provides basic facts on the conditions of service in the teaching forces in Member States and considers whether the Single Market principle can be extended to educational provision and teacher mobility in the light of evidence from the EC and the Nordic countries.

Smith, Janet

1992-11-01

220

Health Occupations Cluster Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended to assist the vocational teacher in designing and implementing a cluster program in health occupations, this guide suggests ideas for teaching the specific knowledge and skills that qualify students for entry-level employment in the health occupations field. The knowledge and skills are applicable to 12 occupations: dental assistant;

Oregon State Dept. of Education, Salem.

221

Vertical Differentiation among Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is reported that research on the socioeconomic achievement process has begun to generate anomalous findings, many of which involve occupational status as conventionally measured. The author proposes a theory of vertical occupational differentiation based on the role activities of occupational incumbents. (Author/RLV)|

Spaeth, Joe L.

1979-01-01

222

International occupational health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Working conditions for the majority of the world's workers do not meet the minimum standards and guidelines set by international agencies. Occupational health and safety laws cover only about 10 percent of the population in developing countries, omitting many major hazardous industries and occupations. With rare exception, most countries defer to the United Nations the responsibility for international occupational health.

Joseph LaDou

2003-01-01

223

Historical flight qualifications of space nuclear systems  

SciTech Connect

An overview is presented of the qualification programs for the general-purpose heat source radioisotope thermoelectric generators (GPHS-RTGs) as developed for the Galileo and Ulysses missions; the SNAP-10A space reactor; the Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Applications (NERVA); the F-1 chemical rocket engine used on the Saturn-V Apollo lunar missions; and the Space Shuttle Main Engines (SSMEs). Some similarities and contrasts between the qualification testing employed on these five programs will be noted. One common thread was that in each of these successful programs there was an early focus on component and subsystem tests to uncover and correct problems. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Bennett, G.L. [Metaspace Enterprises 5000 Butte Road Emmett, Idaho83617-9500 (United States)

1997-01-01

224

RERTR Fuel Developmemt and Qualification Plan  

SciTech Connect

In late 2003 it became evident that U-Mo aluminum fuels under development exhibited significant fuel performance problems under the irradiation conditions required for conversion of most high-powered research reactors. Solutions to the fuel performance issue have been proposed and show promise in early testing. Based on these results, a Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactor (RERTR) program strategy has been mapped to allow generic fuel qualification to occur prior to the end of FY10 and reactor conversion to occur prior to the end of FY14. This strategy utilizes a diversity of technologies, test conditions, and test types. Scoping studies using miniature fuel plates will be completed in the time frame of 2006-2008. Irradiation of larger specimens will occur in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) in the United States, the Belgian Reactor-2 (BR2) reactor in Belgium, and in the OSIRIS reactor in France in 2006-2009. These scoping irradiation tests provide a large amount of data on the performance of advanced fuel types under irradiation and allow the down selection of technology for larger scale testing during the final stages of fuel qualification. In conjunction with irradiation testing, fabrication processes must be developed and made available to commercial fabricators. The commercial fabrication infrastructure must also be upgraded to ensure a reliable low enriched uranium (LEU) fuel supply. Final qualification of fuels will occur in two phases. Phase I will obtain generic approval for use of dispersion fuels with density less than 8.5 g-U/cm3. In order to obtain this approval, a larger scale demonstration of fuel performance and fabrication technology will be necessary. Several Materials Test Reactor (MTR) plate-type fuel assemblies will be irradiated in both the High Flux Reactor (HFR) and the ATR (other options include the BR2 and Russian Research Reactor, Dmitrovgrad, Russia [MIR] reactors) in 2008-2009. Following postirradiation examination, a report detailing very-high density fuel behavior will be submitted to the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Assuming acceptable fuel behavior, it is anticipated that NRC will issue a Safety Evaluation Report granting generic approval of the developed fuels based on the qualification report. It is anticipated that Phase I of fuel qualification will be completed prior to the end of FY10. Phase II of the fuel qualification requires development of fuels with density greater than 8.5 g-U/cm3. This fuel is required to convert the remaining few reactors that have been identified for conversion. The second phase of the fuel qualification effort includes both dispersion fuels with fuel particle volume loading on the order of 65 percent, and monolithic fuels. Phase II presents a larger set of technical unknowns and schedule uncertainties than phase I. The final step in the fuel qualification process involves insertion of lead test elements into the converting reactors. Each reactor that plans to convert using the developed high-density fuels will develop a reactor specific conversion plan based upon the reactor safety basis and operating requirements. For some reactors (FRM-II, High-Flux Isotope Reactor [HFIR], and RHF) conversion will be a one-step process. In addition to the U.S. fuel development effort, a Russian fuel development strategy has been developed. Contracts with Russian Federation institutes in support of fuel development for Russian are in place.

Dan Wachs

2007-01-01

225

Teacher Qualifications and the Education of Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The task of the present chapter is to consider teacher qualifications and the education of mathematics teachers with particular\\u000a respect to geometry. This is not an easy task to accomplish, since many of the important factors and issues to be considered are associated with\\u000a the teaching of mathematics in general - geometry being just a special case - or even

Mogens Niss

226

Software qualification of selected TOUGH2 modules  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this package of reports is to provide all software baseline documents necessary for the software qualification of the single-phase Gas (EOS1G), Effective Continuum Method (ECM), Saturated\\/Unsaturated Flow (EOS9), and Radionuclide Transport (T2R3D) modules of TOUGH2, a numerical simulation code for multi-dimensional coupled fluid and heat flow of multiphase, multicomponent fluid mixtures in porous and fractured media. This

Y. S. Wu; C. F. Ahlers; P. Fraser; A. Simmons; K. Pruess

1996-01-01

227

Software qualification of selected TOUGH2 modules  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this package of reports is to provide all software baseline documents necessary for the software qualification of the single-phase Gas (EOS1G), Effective Continuum Method (ECM), Saturated/Unsaturated Flow (EOS9), and Radionuclide Transport (T2R3D) modules of TOUGH2, a numerical simulation code for multi-dimensional coupled fluid and heat flow of multiphase, multicomponent fluid mixtures in porous and fractured media. This report contains the following sections: (1) Requirements Specification, (2) Design Description, (3) Software Validation Test Plan and Report, (4) Software User Documentation, and (5) Appendices. These sections comprise sequential parts of the Software Life Cycle, and are not intended to stand alone but should be used in conjunction with the TOUGH User`s Guide (Pruess, 1987), TOUGH2--A General Purpose Numerical Simulator for Multiphase Fluid and Heat Flow (Pruess, 1991), and the above-referenced TOUGH2 software qualification document. The qualification package is complete with the attached Software Identification Form and executable source code for the single-phase Gas, Effective Continuum method, Saturated/Unsaturated Flow, and Radionuclide Transport modules of TOUGH2.

Wu, Y.S.; Ahlers, C.F.; Fraser, P.; Simmons, A.; Pruess, K.

1996-10-01

228

Heat Treatment Procedure Qualification for Steel Castings  

SciTech Connect

Heat treatment practices used by steel foundries have been carefully studied as part of comprehensive heat treatment procedure qualification development trials. These studies highlight the relationships between critical heat treatment process control parameters and heat treatment success. Foundry heat treatment trials to develop heat treatment procedure qualifications have shed light on the relationship between heat treatment theory and current practices. Furnace load time-temperature profiles in steel foundries exhibit significant differences depending on heat treatment equipment, furnace loading practice, and furnace maintenance. Time-temperature profiles of furnace control thermocouples can be very different from the time-temperature profiles observed at the center of casting loads in the furnace. Typical austenitization temperatures and holding times used by steel foundries far exceed what is required for transformation to austenite. Quenching and hardenability concepts were also investigated. Heat treatment procedure qualification (HTPQ) schema to demonstrate heat treatment success and to pre-qualify other alloys and section sizes requiring lesser hardenability have been developed. Tempering success is dependent on both tempering time and temperature. As such, furnace temperature uniformity and control of furnace loading during tempering is critical to obtain the desired mechanical properties. The ramp-up time in the furnace prior to the establishment of steady state heat treatment conditions contributes to the extent of heat treatment performed. This influence of ramp-up to temperature during tempering has been quantified.

Mariol Charles; Nicholas Deskevich; Vipin Varkey; Robert Voigt; Angela Wollenburg

2004-04-29

229

Occupational Employment Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

US occupations are featured in this information-rich resources from the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The 1996 Occupational Employment Statistics Survey differs from previous surveys in that it includes wage data by occupation for the first time. The site contains a description of the survey and complete national and state data for 760 occupations in seven major areas. Included are occupation title, number of employees, hourly mean and median wage, and an OES code number that provides information about the occupation and its employment distribution by wage range where surveyed (distribution is for the national survey only). An occupational search engine is forthcoming. The site also contains information about previous OES surveys back to 1988.

230

Occupational injuries in Ghana.  

PubMed

Household interviews were used to survey 21,105 persons living in 431 urban and rural sites in Ghana, to determine the nature and extent of their occupational injuries. Annual occupational injury rates were 11.5 injuries/1000 persons in the urban areas and 44.9/1000 in the rural areas. Occupational injuries had higher mortality, longer disability, and higher treatment costs than non-occupational injuries. There were substantial occupational injury rates among children, especially in rural areas. In the urban areas, the largest numbers of injuries were to drivers (12.7% of urban occupational injuries) and traders (19.4%), most of which were road-traffic-related. In the rural areas, most injuries (71.6%) were to farm workers. Occupational injuries are a substantial burden in Ghana. Priorities include improving road safety and improving the prevention and treatment of injuries from nonmechanized farming. PMID:16130964

Mock, Charles; Adjei, Samuel; Acheampong, Frederick; Deroo, Lisa; Simpson, Kate

231

Qualification of a computer program for drill string dynamics  

SciTech Connect

A four point plan for the qualification of the GEODYN drill string dynamics computer program is described. The qualification plan investigates both modal response and transient response of a short drill string subjected to simulated cutting loads applied through a polycrystalline diamond compact (PDC) bit. The experimentally based qualification shows that the analytical techniques included in Phase 1 GEODYN correctly simulate the dynamic response of the bit-drill string system. 6 refs., 8 figs.

Stone, C.M.; Carne, T.G.; Caskey, B.C.

1985-01-01

232

10 CFR 1046.11 - Medical and physical fitness qualification standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. ...§ 1046.11 Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. ...meet the applicable medical and physical fitness qualification standards as...

2009-01-01

233

10 CFR 1046.11 - Medical and physical fitness qualification standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. ...§ 1046.11 Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. ...meet the applicable medical and physical fitness qualification standards as...

2010-01-01

234

5 CFR 531.212 - Superior qualifications and special needs pay-setting authority.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Superior qualifications and special needs pay-setting authority. 531... Superior qualifications and special needs pay-setting authority. ...the superior qualifications and special needs pay-setting authority...

2010-01-01

235

5 CFR 531.212 - Superior qualifications and special needs pay-setting authority.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Superior qualifications and special needs pay-setting authority. 531... Superior qualifications and special needs pay-setting authority. ...the superior qualifications and special needs pay-setting authority...

2009-01-01

236

49 CFR 391.49 - Alternative physical qualification standards for the loss or impairment of limbs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Alternative physical qualification standards for the loss...VEHICLE (LCV) DRIVER INSTRUCTORS Physical Qualifications and Examinations § 391.49 Alternative physical qualification standards for the...

2012-10-01

237

49 CFR 391.49 - Alternative physical qualification standards for the loss or impairment of limbs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Alternative physical qualification standards for the loss...VEHICLE (LCV) DRIVER INSTRUCTORS Physical Qualifications and Examinations § 391.49 Alternative physical qualification standards for the...

2011-10-01

238

49 CFR 391.49 - Alternative physical qualification standards for the loss or impairment of limbs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Alternative physical qualification standards for...Qualifications and Examinations § 391.49 Alternative physical qualification standards for...certified physiatrist (doctor of physical medicine) or orthopedic surgeon. The...

2009-10-01

239

49 CFR 391.49 - Alternative physical qualification standards for the loss or impairment of limbs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Alternative physical qualification standards for...Qualifications and Examinations § 391.49 Alternative physical qualification standards for...certified physiatrist (doctor of physical medicine) or orthopedic surgeon. The...

2010-10-01

240

40 CFR 164.40 - Qualifications and duties of Administrative Law Judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Qualifications and duties of Administrative Law Judge. 164.40 Section 164.40 ...Than Expedited Hearings) Administrative Law Judge § 164.40 Qualifications and duties of Administrative Law Judge. (a) Qualifications. The...

2013-07-01

241

Listing Occupational Carcinogens  

PubMed Central

The occupational environment has been a most fruitful one for investigating the etiology of human cancer. Many recognized human carcinogens are occupational carcinogens. There is a large volume of epidemiologic and experimental data concerning cancer risks in different work environments. It is important to synthesize this information for both scientific and public health purposes. Various organizations and individuals have published lists of occupational carcinogens. However, such lists have been limited by unclear criteria for which recognized carcinogens should be considered occupational carcinogens, and by inconsistent and incomplete information on the occupations and industries in which the carcinogenic substances may be found and on their target sites of cancer. Based largely on the evaluations published by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, and augmented with additional information, the present article represents an attempt to summarize, in tabular form, current knowledge on occupational carcinogens, the occupations and industries in which they are found, and their target organs. We have considered 28 agents as definite occupational carcinogens, 27 agents as probable occupational carcinogens, and 113 agents as possible occupational carcinogens. These tables should be useful for regulatory or preventive purposes and for scientific purposes in research priority setting and in understanding carcinogenesis.

Siemiatycki, Jack; Richardson, Lesley; Straif, Kurt; Latreille, Benoit; Lakhani, Ramzan; Campbell, Sally; Rousseau, Marie-Claude; Boffetta, Paolo

2004-01-01

242

42 CFR 484.4 - Personnel qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Occupational Therapy, Inc. (NBCOT). Physical therapist. A person who is licensed...Graduated after successful completion of a physical therapist education program approved...The Commission on Accreditation in Physical Therapy Education (CAPTE)....

2012-10-01

243

14 CFR 135.338 - Qualifications: Flight instructors (aircraft) and flight instructors (simulator).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Qualifications: Flight instructors (aircraft) and flight instructors (simulator...RULES GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Training § 135.338 Qualifications: Flight instructors (aircraft) and flight instructors...

2013-01-01

244

Estimation of an Occupational Choice Model when Occupations Are Misclassified  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper develops an empirical occupational choice model that corrects for misclassification in occupational choices and measurement error in occupation-specific work experience. The model is used to estimate the extent of measurement error in occupation data and quantify the bias that results from ignoring measurement error in occupation codes

Sullivan, Paul

2009-01-01

245

Occupational lung cancer  

SciTech Connect

The author addresses the attribution of lung cancer to cigarette smoking and the problems of confounding synergistic effects of occupational and other carcinogenic risk factors, as well as the divergent trends of declining smoking rates and increasing rates of lung cancer. He also reviews the existing literature to document associations between lung cancer and occupational exposures. Finally, interventions for prevention of occupational lung cancer are discussed.

Cone, J.E.

1987-04-01

246

Occupational cancer in Italy.  

PubMed Central

This article is a discussion of occupational cancer in Italy. The introduction provides the necessary context of Italian industrialization and occupational health regulation. This is followed by a review of Italian epidemiologic studies of occupational cancer risks considered in terms of relative measures of risk and attributable risk of carcinogenic agents or exposure circumstances. We attempt to establish the number of workers exposed to carcinogens in Italy and the intensity of their exposures. Finally, the Italian system of compensation for occupational cancer is discussed. Several cohort and case-control studies have addressed the issue of occupational risks, mostly among male workers. The results of these studies suggest that the growing incidence of and mortality by mesothelioma is explained by the widespread and intense exposure to asbestos in some Italian industrial settings. A high attributable risk of lung tumors among male populations in industrial areas of northern Italy is explained by occupational exposures. However, insufficient data are available for clear definition of the extent and intensity of occupational exposure to carcinogenic substances. In Italy, we must prioritize and maximize resources in occupational cancer epidemiology and revitalize the role of national institutions. Recent legislation has established new regulations on the handling of carcinogenic substances in industrial settings, a new list of occupational diseases, and a national registry of mesothelioma linked to asbestos exposure. These legislative changes are expected to have positive effects.

Merler, E; Vineis, P; Alhaique, D; Miligi, L

1999-01-01

247

Qualification test results for the TIRS cryocooler  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ball Aerospace has completed qualification testing of its flight Stirling-cycle mechanical cryocooler for the Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS), an instrument slated to fly on the Landsat Data Continuity Mission (LDCM) platform. The TIRS cooler, developed under subcontract to NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, consists of a sophisticated and highly reliable, two-stage, fixed regenerator Stirling cryocooler and its drive electronics. The TIRS cooler provides 2 W of 38 K cooling to the TIRS detectors and 9.8 W shield cooling to 85 K for less than 225 W total input power. Performance test results are reported.

Marquardt, Eric; Gully, Wilfred; Marquardt, Jennifer; Boyle, Robert; Hale, Taylor

2012-06-01

248

X-38 Full Scale TPS Flight Qualification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The X-38 of NASA which is an experimental vehicle to prove crucial technologies of a future Crew Return Vehicle (CRV) for the International Space Station (ISS) will be equipped with a large number of newly developed components and systems. In particular, the thermal protection system of the most severely loaded surface areas such as the nose cap and the control surfaces represent a promising approach with respect to thermal endurance and re-usability aspects. The foremost nose section, the body flaps and a wing leading edge segment are all made from SiC-based fiber ceramics. Moreover, the body flap is an entire hot structure. The Nose Skirt Assembly and the Body Flap were developed and manufactured by German industry (MAN Technologie, DLR and ASTRIUM) within the frame of the national TETRA program. The Leading Edge Unit was developed and manufactured by MAN Technologie within the ESA-ARTP. As another effort within the TETRA program aimed at extending the national competence range, IABG developed and built a high-temperature test facility enabling full-scale flight qualification of thermal protection components. The main purpose of this facility was to allow application of all relevant load categories encountered during re-entry flight, i.e. thermal, mechanical and oxidative loads. The facility is in service since April 1999. Within the scope of the X-38 qualification tests the flexibility of the test facility could be demonstrated. Three full scale thermal protection components of X-38 which were very different in size, shape and test requirements were successfully flight qualified in the years 1999 - 2001. For all of the three components, namely the Leading Edge Unit, the Nose Skirt Assembly and the Body Flap, the time- dependent and locally variable temperature profiles of the re-entry flight had to be simulated in order to verify the structural integrity under thermal loads. Within these tests a superposition of the thermal loads with oxidative loads, with the application of a re-entry type pressure profile and with the performance of embedded subsystem tests could be demonstrated. As there is a growing need for large component testing when thinking of future RLV's, the publication will present the test facility and its key features which are required for the performance of full scale qualification tests. It will furthermore give an overview of the qualification tests successfully performed on the three components of X-38 mentioned above. Embedded subsystem testing as performed for the Nose Skirt Assembly and the Body Flap will also be covered.

Hilfer, G.

2002-01-01

249

[The stomatologists' self-assessment of their professional qualification].  

PubMed

The data analysis of sociological research of issues of post-graduate education considered the stomatologists' self-assessment of their professional qualification. The study applied to the opinion of specialists about the present system of qualification categories, the satisfaction of professional level and the need in post-graduate training. PMID:21770357

250

47 CFR 73.4101 - Financial qualifications, TV stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Financial qualifications, TV stations. 73.4101 Section 73.4101 Telecommunication...Broadcast Stations § 73.4101 Financial qualifications, TV stations. See Public Notice, FCC 79-299, dated May...

2011-10-01

251

47 CFR 73.4101 - Financial qualifications, TV stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Financial qualifications, TV stations. 73.4101 Section 73.4101 Telecommunication...Broadcast Stations § 73.4101 Financial qualifications, TV stations. See Public Notice, FCC 79-299, dated May...

2012-10-01

252

Structuring IT Qualifications: Lessons from the German Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this article is to provide research findings on learning and the structuring of qualifications in the IT-sector in Germany and relate this to the international discussion on the structuring of qualifications for the IT-industry. Design/methodology/approach: The article is based on desk research as regards the international

Grollmann, Philipp; Tutschner, Roland; Wittig, Wolfgang

2007-01-01

253

Regional Foods and Rural Development: The Role of Product Qualification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Qualification schemes have become popular tools for supporting regional foods, yet little is understood about the impacts they have on the rural development contribution of such foods. Qualification processes may stimulate new networks and community actions, but they may also be incompatible with strategies of extended territorial development

Tregear, Angela; Arfini, Filippo; Belletti, Giovanni; Marescotti, Andrea

2007-01-01

254

European Language Qualifications: Information on Standards of Proficiency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on the need to develop a standard of language qualifications to facilitate the movement of workers within the European Union and on the establishment of a framework with five language levels relating to vocational qualifications by LangCred. Certificates and examinations assigned to the first three levels are stored in a database system.

Van Weeren, Jan

1995-01-01

255

The Malaysian Qualifications Framework. An Institutional Response to Intrinsic Weaknesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the Malaysian Qualifications Framework (MQF). An observation about the MQF is that in the particular context of developments in Malaysian education and training and its economic and social context, all roads have led to standards and quality assurance. This is the view expressed by the Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA)

Keating, Jack

2011-01-01

256

MacroCD contact ellipticity measurement for lithography tool qualification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contact hole integrity is an important metric for IC manufacturers, which is reflected in tight ellipticity control as part of the lithography tool qualifications. The current ellipticity measurement methodology is very sensitive to random process variations of the contact hole shape. Determining ellipticity in a systematic manner poses a challenge on qualification productivity, as acquiring more data for statistical validity

Ilan Englard; Eelco van Setten; Gert-Jan Janssen; Peter Vanoppen; Ingrid Minnaert-Janssen; Frank Duray; Ofer Adan; Amit Moran; Liraz Gershtein; Ram Peltinov

2007-01-01

257

5 CFR 317.502 - Qualifications Review Board certification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...EMPLOYMENT IN THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE Career Appointments § 317.502 Qualifications...qualifications of a candidate before initial career appointment may be made to an SES position...one-half of the members of a QRB must be SES career appointees. (b) Agency...

2013-01-01

258

Uptake and Perceptions of Early-Years' Qualifications. Interchange 65.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study by the Scottish Executive examined attainment of Higher National Certificates (HNCs) and Scottish Vocational Qualifications (SVQs) (types of educational qualifications) by child care providers in Scotland, noting the perceptions of key participants. The study had five key objectives: (1) to determine levels of uptake and, if possible,

Scottish Office Education and Industry Dept., Edinburgh. Research and Intelligence Unit.

259

Uptake and Perceptions of Early-Years' Qualifications. Interchange 65.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study by the Scottish Executive examined attainment of Higher National Certificates (HNCs) and Scottish Vocational Qualifications (SVQs) (types of educational qualifications) by child care providers in Scotland, noting the perceptions of key participants. The study had five key objectives: (1) to determine levels of uptake and, if possible,

Scottish Office Education and Industry Dept., Edinburgh. Research and Intelligence Unit.

260

28 CFR 34.109 - Qualifications of peer reviewers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...34.109 Qualifications of peer reviewers. The general...to be used in the selection of peer reviewers are: (a) Generalized...addressed by the applications to be reviewed under a particular program...Additional details concerning peer reviewer qualifications are...

2013-07-01

261

An overview of occupational health and safety in Australia.  

PubMed

Australia is a developed country with a high standard of living, small population and large land area. Manufacturing is currently the largest economic contributor, although mining and agriculture are also significant industries. There are around 10 million employees in total, with retail trade and manufacturing being the largest employers. Manufacturing currently has the highest incidence of workplace injury, although around 5% of all Australian workers suffer from some kind of occupational disease or injury every year. Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) legislation is individually managed and enforced by the 8 states and territories. Training and registration for OHS professionals varies between the speciaities and usually requires a combination of academic qualifications and workplace experience. Non-medical personnel constitute a large proportion of OHS professionals in Australia. PMID:11915233

Smith, Derek Richard; Yamagata, Zentaro

2002-03-01

262

International occupational health.  

PubMed

Working conditions for the majority of the world's workers do not meet the minimum standards and guidelines set by international agencies. Occupational health and safety laws cover only about 10 percent of the population in developing countries, omitting many major hazardous industries and occupations. With rare exception, most countries defer to the United Nations the responsibility for international occupational health. The UN's international agencies have had limited success in bringing occupational health to the industrializing countries. The International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions are intended to guide all countries in the promotion of workplace safety and in managing occupational health and safety programs. ILO conventions and recommendations on occupational safety and health are international agreements that have legal force only if they are ratified by ILO member states. The most important ILO Convention on Occupational Safety and Health has been ratified by only 37 of the 175 ILO member states. Only 23 countries have ratified the ILO Employment Injury Benefits Convention that lists occupational diseases for which compensation should be paid. The World Health Organization (WHO) is responsible for the technical aspects of occupational health and safety, the promotion of medical services and hygienic standards. Limited WHO and ILO funding severely impedes the development of international occupational health. The U.S. reliance on international agencies to promote health and safety in the industrializing countries is not nearly adequate. This is particularly true if occupational health continues to be regarded primarily as an academic exercise by the developed countries, and a budgetary triviality by the international agencies. Occupational health is not a goal achievable in isolation. It should be part of a major institutional development that touches and reforms every level of government in an industrializing country. Occupational health and safety should be brought to industrializing countries by a comprehensive consultative program sponsored by the United States and other countries that are willing to share the burden. Occupational health and safety program development is tied to the economic success of the industrializing country and its industries. Only after the development of a successful legal and economic system in an industrializing country is it possible to incorporate a successful program of occupational health and safety. PMID:12971685

LaDou, Joseph

2003-08-01

263

Qualification of cardiac troponins for nonclinical use: A regulatory perspective.  

PubMed

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Biomarker Qualification Review Team presents its perspective on the recent qualification of cardiac troponins for use in nonclinical safety assessment studies. The goal of this manuscript is to provide greater transparency into the qualification process and factors that were considered in reaching a regulatory decision. This manuscript includes an overview of the data that were submitted and a discussion of the strengths and shortcomings of these data supporting the qualification decision. The cardiac troponin submission is the first literature-based biomarker application to be reviewed by the FDA and insights gained from this experience may aid future submissions and help streamline the characterization and qualification of future biomarkers. PMID:23876748

Hausner, E A; Hicks, K A; Leighton, J K; Szarfman, A; Thompson, A M; Harlow, P

2013-07-20

264

Burnout among occupational therapists.  

PubMed

Objectives. Using Maslach's Burnout Inventory (MBI), this study examined burnout among full-time staff occupational therapists including the extent of their burnout; how occupational therapists' burnout compared to four health care professions, and if type of health care setting impacts their level of burnout. Method. The MBI was mailed to each subject in the random sample (n = 3000) of occupational therapists who were American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) members. Results. Occupational therapists displayed a higher level of emotional exhaustion, and lower levels of depersonalization and personal accomplishment. Differences were found in the levels of occupational therapists' burnout when compared to four health care professions. Occupational therapists working in chronic care health care settings demonstrated higher levels of burnout than those working in other health care settings. Conclusion. The occupational therapist should strive to match their skills, interests, life style, and experience to the appropriate health care setting to promote a good person-environment fit to decrease burnout and promote quality patient care and personal health. PMID:23941190

Painter, Jane; Akroyd, Duane; Elliot, Sharon; Adams, Robert D

2003-01-01

265

Testosterone and Occupational Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Archival data on 4,462 military veterans linked higher levels of serum testosterone to lower-status occupations. A structural equation model was supported in which higher testosterone, mediated through lower intellectual ability, greater antisocial behavior, and lower education, leads away from white-collar occupations. Contains 49 references.

Dabbs, James M., Jr.

1992-01-01

266

Occupational Hazard for Teachers?  

MedlinePLUS

... Dallas Friday, October 18, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Occupational Health Speech and Communication Disorders FRIDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay ... HealthDay . All rights reserved. More Health News on: Occupational Health Speech and Communication Disorders Recent Health News Page ...

267

Occupational Mobility of Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Special Labor Force Report shows that 8.7 percent of workers changed occupations between January, 1972, and January, 1973. The article discusses and tabulates data related to current patterns of mobility; demographic characteristics; flows among occupations; distribution by age, sex, and race; and job and industrial mobility. (Author/MW)|

Byrne, James J.

1975-01-01

268

Occupations, U. S. A.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The booklet divides job titles, selected from the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, into 15 career clusters: agribusiness and natural resources, business and office education, communication and media, construction, consumer and home economics, fine arts and humanities, health occupations, hospitality and recreation, manufacturing, marine

Geneva Area City Schools, OH.

269

Sex and occupational choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compared the omnibus personality inventory score patterns of 275 males and 248 females graduating in majors classified into the 5 occupational categories of J. Holland (see pa, vol. 40:12652) in a 5 * 2 multivariate analysis of variance design. Although significant differences were found by sex and occupational category, it was the significant interaction effect which supported the conclusion that

Harriett A. Rose; Charles F. Elton

1971-01-01

270

Cabinetmaker. Occupational Analysis Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document contains the analysis of the occupation of cabinetmaker, or joiner, that is accepted by the Canadian Council of Directors as the national standard for the occupation. The front matter preceding the analysis includes exploration of the development of the analysis, structure of the analysis, validation method, scope of the

Chinien, Chris; Boutin, France

271

Bricklayer. Occupational Analyses Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This analysis covers tasks performed by a bricklayer, an occupational title some provinces and territories of Canada have also identified as bricklayer-mason, brick and stone mason, and mason. A guide to analysis discusses development, structure, and validation method; scope of the occupation; trends; and safety. To facilitate understanding the

Cap, Orest; Cap, Ihor; Semenovych, Viktor

272

BSM Delta Qualification 2, volume 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report, presented in three volumes, provides the results of a two-motor Delta Qualification 2 program conducted in 1993 to certify the following enhancements for incorporation into booster separation motor (BSM) flight hardware: vulcanized-in-place nozzle aft closure insulation; new iso-static ATJ bulk graphite throat insert material; adhesive EA 9394 for bonding the nozzle throat, igniter grain rod/centering insert/igniter case; deletion of the igniter adapter insulator ring; deletion of the igniter adapter/igniter case interface RTV; and deletion of loctite from igniter retainer plate threads. The enhancements above directly resulted from (1) the BSM total quality management (TQM) team initiatives to enhance the BSM producibility, and (2) the necessity to qualify new throat insert and adhesive systems to replace existing materials that will not be available. Testing was completed at both the component and motor levels. Component testing was accomplished to screen candidate materials (e.g., throat materials, adhesive systems) and to optimize processes (e.g., aft closure insulator vulcanization approach) prior to their incorporation into the test motors. Motor tests -- consisting of two motors, randomly selected by USBI's on-site quality personnel from production lot AAY, which were modified to accept the enhancements -- were completed to provide the final qualification of the enhancements for incorporation into flight hardware. Volume 2 details the environmental testing (vibration and shock) conducted at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to which the motors were subjected prior to static tests.

1994-11-01

273

Essential elements of an effective data qualification  

SciTech Connect

Before data is used in any statistical evaluation, it should be subjected to a thorough data qualification to ensure its integrity. Data Qualification efforts may vary in scope but should all contain certain basic elements. Outliers should be eliminated so that any estimates obtained from the data will not be overly biased. Plots may be generated to uncover potential outliers, and these observations can be confirmed as being anomalous through the use of statistical testing. Non-stationarity of the data (i.e., time trends) may also be initially identified through the use of plots and confirmed by the results of statistical analyses, e.g., the use of the Kendall`s tau statistic. When the dataset has been qualified, replicates and duplicates should be averaged to create a pseudo-independence between data points. An algorithm based on the groundwater data from the Savannah River Site has been used by the Applied Statistics Group at Westinghouse Savannah River Company for this.

Jenkins, E.W.

1994-07-01

274

Heat Treatment Procedure Qualification -- Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

Heat treatment practices used by steel foundries have been carefully studied as part of comprehensive heat treatment procedure development trials. These studies highlight the relationships between critical heat treatment process control parameters and heat treatment success. Foundry heat treatment trials to develop heat treatment procedure qualification have shed light on the relationship between heat treatment theory and current practices. Furnace load time-temperature profiles in steel foundries exhibit significant differences depending on heat treatment equipment, furnace loading practice, and furnace maintenance. Time-temperature profiles of the furnace control thermocouples can be very different from the time-temperature profiles observed at the center of casting loads in the furnace. Typical austenitrization temperatures and holding times used by steel foundries far exceed what is required for transformation to austenite. Quenching and hardenability concepts were also investigated. Heat treatment procedure qualification (HTPQ) schema to demonstrate heat treatment success and to pre-qualify other alloys and section sizes requiring lesser hardenability have been developed. Tempering success is dependent on both tempering time and temperature. As such, furnace temperature uniformity and control of furnace loading during tempering is critical to obtain the desired mechanical properties. The ramp-up time in the furnace prior to the establishment of steady state heat treatment conditions contributes to the extent of heat treatment performed. This influence of ramp-up to temperature during tempering has been quantified.

Robert C. Voigt

2004-10-15

275

[Occupational morbidity in Ulianovsk region].  

PubMed

Retrospective analysis of occupational morbidity in Ulianovsk region proved a definite trend to increase in occupational diseases number. The authors necessitated creation of programs on occupational diseases prevention in the region. PMID:17004507

Shapoval, N S; Fomin, P G; Tseloval'nikova, N V; Nesterova, I G

2006-01-01

276

Occupational Injuries, Illnesses and Fatalities  

MedlinePLUS

... NAICS and SOC Hours-based fatal injury rates Corrections to "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Requiring Days ... about Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Database (FI) Correction to news release "Nonfatal Occupational Injuries and Illnesses ...

277

[Market oriented occupational medicine].  

PubMed

The history and the recent state of occupational medicine in Hungary, and its relation with governmental labor organizations are analyzed. In the past 20 years, large "socialist" factories were replaced by smaller companies employing fewer workers. They have been forced to establish contract with occupational health providers. Many of them offer primary care services, whereas family physicians having a board examination in occupational medicine are allowed to work in this field as well. The market of occupational medicine is less regulated, and ethical rules are not always considered. Undercutting prices is a common practice. The recent system could be improved by some regulations which should be respected. There is no reason to make rough changes establishing a new market for profit oriented insurance companies, and to allow employees and employers to work without specification neglecting international agreements. Occupational medicine should be supervised again by the health authorities instead of economists who have quite different, short-term priorities. PMID:22951411

Rurik, Imre; Cseh, Kroly

2012-09-01

278

Perspectives in Occupational Dermatology  

PubMed Central

Because large surface areas of the skin are exposed directly to the environment, skin is an organ particularly vulnerable to occupationally induced disease. Statistics show that, excluding accidental injury, nearly half of all occupational illnesses occur in this organ; a fourth of all workers suffering from occupational skin disease lose an average of 10 to 12 workdays. The constant evolution of new industrial chemicals and methods of manufacture continue to bring new skin hazards and disease into the workplace. Occupational health physicians and practitioners, who usually have minimal training in dermatology, must diagnose and treat unfamiliar diseases in a setting of even less familiar, often overwhelming, technology. A thorough understanding of cutaneous defense mechanisms, clinical patterns of occupational skin disease and methods for establishing accurate diagnoses is essential.

Mathias, C. G. Toby; Maibach, Howard I.

1982-01-01

279

Occupational lung cancer.  

PubMed

Lung cancer is a multifactorial disease. Hereditary, genetic, and environmental factors interact in its genesis. The principal risk factor for lung cancer is smoking. However, the workplace provides an environment in which there is a risk of exposure to carcinogens. The International Agency for Research on Cancer currently lists 19 substances/work situations/occupations that have been proven to be associated with lung cancer (group 1). Thorough occupational history taking is not widely practiced in patients with lung cancer, which has a negative impact on the investigation of causality and, consequently, on the identification of cases of occupational cancer. The objectives of this review were to list the agents that are recognized as causes of lung cancer, to discuss the contribution of occupation to the development of the disease, to cite national studies on the subject, and to propose a list of procedures that are essential to the appropriate investigation of causality between lung cancer and occupation. PMID:21225183

Algranti, Eduardo; Buschinelli, Jos Tarcsio Penteado; De Capitani, Eduardo Mello

280

Occupational Infection in Korea  

PubMed Central

Occupational infection is a human disease caused by work-associated exposure to microbial agents through human and environmental contact. According to the literature, occupational infection was the third leading cause of occupational disease (861 cases, 8.0%), and health care, agricultural, forestry, and fishery workers were risk groups in Korea. In addition, most high-risk groups have not been protected by workers' compensation, which could lead to underestimation of the exact spectrum and magnitude of the problem, and may also result in a lack of development and implementation of occupational infection management. Through a review of national guidelines and documentations on prevention and control of occupational infection, a management strategy would promote adherence to worker safety regulations if it is explicit with regard to the agent and mode of infection in each of the high-risk groups.

Ahn, Yeon-Soon; Jeong, Jae Sim

2010-01-01

281

European Qualifications Framework and the comparison of academically-oriented and professionally-oriented master's degrees  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the moderating power of the European Qualification Framework (EQF), European higher education has, for some time, been moving in a competence-oriented direction in some educational systems. The EQF is a competence framework that defines standards to all levels of qualification. The framework is set up to facilitate comparison of qualifications and qualifications' levels between and within different national educational

Ulpukka Isopahkala-Bouret; Teemu Rantanen; Katariina Raij; Eeva Jrvelinen

2011-01-01

282

Transformation of Learning in Education and Training: Key Qualifications Revisited. CEDEFOP Reference Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 15 papers examining European approaches to the theme of key qualifications. The following papers are included: "Key Qualifications Revisited: An Introduction" (Pekka Kamarainen); "Exploring Key Qualifications: Context, Theory, and Practice in Europe" (Pekka Kamarainen); "Rethinking Key Qualifications: Towards a New Framework"

Kamarainen, Pekka, Ed.; Attwell, Graham, Ed.; Brown, Alan, Ed.

283

Burnout in occupational therapists.  

PubMed

Burnout is a job-related condition involving feelings of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment. The Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach & Jackson, 1981a) is the instrument most widely used to measure job-related stress in human service professions, such as occupational therapy. This study explored the application of the Maslach Burnout Inventory for use with occupational therapists. The subjects were 99 registered occupational therapists residing in the southeastern United States. Mean scores lower than the aggregate occupational norms provided by the test's authors on the Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization subscales supported the need to develop specific norms for occupational therapists. Results of this study indicate that use of the aggregate norms would underestimate the level of experienced burnout. Correlational analyses delineated significant relationships between age and Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization, education and Emotional Exhaustion and Depersonalization, years of work as an occupational therapist and Depersonalization and Personal Accomplishment, years in the present position and Personal Accomplishment (intensity only), hours of direct patient contact and Emotional Exhaustion (intensity only), and hours of direct patient contact and Depersonalization (frequency only). These correlates of burnout furnish clues for understanding the development of work-related stress in occupational therapists. PMID:3223504

Rogers, J C; Dodson, S C

1988-12-01

284

Trends in higher qualifications, 1971 to 1991.  

PubMed

This article has highlighted just some key features derived from a brief analysis of a small part of the statistics available from the tables on qualified manpower from the last three censuses. There is scope for wider analysis using the data on employment status, occupation and industry. PMID:7614129

Bulusu, L; White, I

1995-01-01

285

An Environmental Management Qualification through Distance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The department of geography and environmental studies of the University of South Africa recently played a pivotal role in implementing an inter- and multidisciplinary undergraduate programme in environmental management. This programme prepares students for entry-level occupations, and equips them with the knowledge, skills and values needed to

Pretorius, Rudi W.

2004-01-01

286

Equipment qualification issues research and resolution: Status report  

SciTech Connect

Since its inception in 1975, the Qualification Testing Evaluation (QTE) Program has produced numerous results pertinent to equipment qualification issues. Many have been incorporated into Regulatory Guides, Rules, and industry practices and standards. This report summarizes the numerous reports and findings to date. Thirty separate issues are discussed encompassing three generic areas: accident simulation methods, aging simulation methods, and special topics related to equipment qualification. Each issue-specific section contains (1) a brief description of the issue, (2) a summary of the applicable research effort, and (3) a summary of the findings to date.

Bonzon, L.L.; Wyant, F.J.; Bustard, L.D.; Gillen, K.T.

1986-11-01

287

Statistical methods for material characterization and qualification  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a suite of statistical methods that can be used to infer lot parameters from the data obtained from inspection/testing of random samples taken from that lot. Some of these methods will be needed to perform the statistical acceptance tests required by the Advanced Gas Reactor Fuel Development and Qualification (AGR) Program. Special focus has been placed on proper interpretation of acceptance criteria and unambiguous methods of reporting the statistical results. In addition, modified statistical methods are described that can provide valuable measures of quality for different lots of material. This document has been written for use as a reference and a guide for performing these statistical calculations. Examples of each method are provided. Uncertainty analysis (e.g., measurement uncertainty due to instrumental bias) is not included in this document, but should be considered when reporting statistical results.

Hunn, John D [ORNL; Kercher, Andrew K [ORNL

2005-01-01

288

Statistical Methods for Material Characterization and Qualification  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a suite of statistical methods that can be used to infer lot parameters from the data obtained from inspection/testing of random samples taken from that lot. Some of these methods will be needed to perform the statistical acceptance tests required by the Advanced Gas Reactor Fuel Development and Qualification (AGR) Program. Special focus has been placed on proper interpretation of acceptance criteria and unambiguous methods of reporting the statistical results. In addition, modified statistical methods are described that can provide valuable measures of quality for different lots of material. This document has been written for use as a reference and a guide for performing these statistical calculations. Examples of each method are provided. Uncertainty analysis (e.g., measurement uncertainty due to instrumental bias) is not included in this document, but should be considered when reporting statistical results.

Kercher, A.K.

2005-04-01

289

ITER CENTRAL SOLENOID COIL INSULATION QUALIFICATION  

SciTech Connect

An insulation system for ITER Central Solenoid must have sufficiently high electrical and structural strength. Design efforts to bring stresses in the turn and layer insulation within allowables failed. It turned out to be impossible to eliminate high local tensile stresses in the winding pack. When high local stresses can not be designed out, the qualification procedure requires verification of the acceptable structural and electrical strength by testing. We built two 4 x 4 arrays of the conductor jacket with two options of the CS insulation and subjected the arrays to 1.2 million compressive cycles at 60 MPa and at 76 K. Such conditions simulated stresses in the CS insulation. We performed voltage withstand tests and after end of cycling we measured the breakdown voltages between in the arrays. After that we dissectioned the arrays and studied micro cracks in the insulation. We report details of the specimens preparation, test procedures and test results.

Martovetsky, N N; Mann, T L; Miller, J R; Freudenberg, K D; Reed, R P; Walsh, R P; McColskey, J D; Evans, D

2009-06-11

290

ITER Central Solenoid Coil Insulation Qualification  

SciTech Connect

An insulation system for ITER Central Solenoid must have sufficiently high electrical and structural strength. Design efforts to bring stresses in the turn and layer insulation within allowables failed. It turned out to be impossible to eliminate high local tensile stresses in the winding pack. When high local stresses can not be designed out, the qualification procedure requires verification of the acceptable structural and electrical strength by testing. We built two 4x4 arrays of the conductor jacket with two options of the CS insulation and subjected the arrays to 1.2 million compressive cycles at 60 MPa and at 76 K. Such conditions simulated stresses in the CS insulation. We performed voltage withstand tests and after end of cycling we measured the breakdown voltages between in the arrays. After that we dissectioned the arrays and studied micro cracks in the insulation. We report details of the specimens preparation, test procedures and test results.

Martovetsky, Nicolai N [ORNL; Mann Jr, Thomas Latta [ORNL; Miller, John L [ORNL; Freudenberg, Kevin D [ORNL; Reed, Richard P [Cryogenic Materials, Inc.; Walsh, Robert P [Florida State University; McColskey, J D [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder; Evans, D [Advanced Cryogenic Materials

2010-01-01

291

Paternal occupation and anencephaly  

SciTech Connect

It has been suggested that paternal occupational exposures to pesticides and solvents increase the risk of neural tube defects in offspring. With the use of Texas livebirth, fetal death, and linked livebirth-death records, the authors conducted a population-based case-control study among 1981-1986 Texas births to examine the association between paternal occupation and anencephalic births. Fathers employed in occupations associated with solvent exposure were more likely to have offspring with anencephaly (odds ratio (OR) = 2.53), with painters having the highest risk (OR = 3.43). A lesser association was found for fathers employed in occupations involving pesticide exposure (OR = 1.28). Further studies are indicated to clarify these associations.

Brender, J.D.; Suarez, L. (Texas Department of Health, Austin (USA))

1990-03-01

292

Occupational Peripheral Neuropathies  

PubMed Central

Neither clinical nor laboratory evaluation can distinguish occupational neuropathies from neuropathies due to other causes. A worker may suffer either from mechanical injury of individual nerves or from a toxic polyneuropathy that is usually axonal in type. A thorough occupational and environmental history and the recognition of clusters of cases are important in determining the diagnosis. Electrophysiologic studies are helpful in detecting neuropathies in patients who have been occupationally exposed to neurotoxins but have no symptoms. Prevention of occupational neuropathies depends on clinical vigilance, industrial hygiene surveys, biologic monitoring and periodic examination of workers exposed to neurotoxic chemicals. The development of more sophisticated methods of prevention and early detection of peripheral nerve involvement depend on understanding the mechanisms of action of toxins and the pathophysiology of the lesions they cause.

Lotti, Marcello; Becker, Charles E.; Aminoff, Michael J.

1982-01-01

293

Occupational Contact Dermatitis: Hairdressers  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Occupational contact dermatitis occurs in about half of all hairdressers and makes hairdressers susceptible to most skin diseases.\\u000a The clinical manifestations are typically seen as hand eczema. The hand eczema starts often at the time of hairdressing apprenticeship,\\u000a and protective gloves are very important for preventing eczema in this occupation. Persulfates are (almost) always used in\\u000a bleaching procedures in hairdressing

Heidi Ssted

294

Occupant thermal comfort evaluation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Throughout the automotive industry there has been an increasing concern and focus on the thermal comfort of occupants. Manufacturers are continuously striving to improve heating and air conditioning performance to comply with expanding customer needs. To optimize these systems, the technology to acquire data must also be enhanced. In this evaluation, the standard use of isolated thermocouple location technology is compared to utilizing infrared thermal vision in an air conditioning performance assessment. Infrared data on an actual occupant is correlated to breath and air conditioning output temperatures measured by positioned thermocouples. The use of infrared thermal vision highlights various areas of comfort and discomfort experienced by the occupant. The evaluation involves utilizing an infrared thermal vision camera to film an occupant in the vehicle as the following test procedure is run. The vehicle is soaked in full sun load until the interior temperature reaches a minimum of 150 degrees F (65.6 degrees Celsius). The occupant enters the vehicle and takes an initial temperature reading. The air conditioning is turned on to full cold, full fan speed, and recirculation mode. While being filmed, the driver drives for sixty minutes at 30 miles per hour (48.3 kph). The thermocouples acquire data in one minute intervals while the infrared camera films the cooling process of the occupant.

Ghiardi, Gena L.

1999-03-01

295

Occupational health in Brazil.  

PubMed

Brazil is a recently industrialised country with marked contrasts in social and economic development. The availability of public/private services in its different regions also varies. Health indicators follow these trends. Occupational health is a vast new field, as in other developing countries. Occupational medicine is a required subject in graduation courses for physicians. Specialisation courses for university graduated professionals have more than 700 hours of lectures and train occupational health physicians, safety engineers and nursing staff. At the technical level, there are courses with up to 1300 hours for the training of safety inspectors. Until 1986 about 19,000 occupational health physicians, 18,000 safety engineers and 51,000 safety inspectors had been officially registered. Although in its infancy, postgraduation has attracted professionals at university level, through residence programmes as well as masters and doctors degrees, whereby at least a hundred good-quality research studies have been produced so far. Occupational health activities are controlled by law. Undertakings with higher risks and larger number of employees are required to hire specialised technical staff. In 1995 the Ministry of Labour demanded programmes of medical control of occupational health (PCMSO) for every worker as well as a programme of prevention of environmental hazards (PPRA). This was considered as a positive measure for the improvement of working conditions and health at work. Physicians specialising in occupational medicine are the professionals more often hired by the enterprises. Reference centres (CRSTs) for workers' health are connected to the State or City Health Secretariat primary health care units. They exist in more populated areas and are accepted by workers as the best way to accomplish the diagnosis of occupational diseases. There is important participation by the trade unions in the management of these reference centres. For 30 years now employers organisations have also kept specialised services for safety and occupational health. Although they are better equipped they are less well used by the workers than the CRSTs. At the federal level, activities concerned with occupational health are connected to three ministries: Labour, Health and Social Security. The Ministry of Labour enacts legislation on hygiene, safety and occupational medicine, performs inspections through its regional units and runs a number of research projects. The Ministry of Health provides medical care for workers injured or affected by occupational diseases and also has surveillance programmes for certain occupational diseases. The Ministry of Social Security provides rehabilitation and compensation for registered workers. In spite of a decrease in the number of accidents at work during the past 25 years, working conditions have not improved. Changes in the laws of social security in the 1970s discouraged registration and reporting of occupational injuries and diseases. In consequence death rates due to accidents increased. With the implementation of the CRSTs, the recorded incidence of occupational diseases has risen, not only because of improved diagnosis, but also because of stronger pressure from the unions and better organisation of public services and enterprises. PMID:9342620

Bedrikow, B; Algranti, E; Buschinelli, J T; Morrone, L C

1997-01-01

296

41 CFR 51-4.2 - Initial qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 4-NONPROFIT AGENCIES § 51-4.2 Initial qualification. (a) To qualify...

2013-07-01

297

Predicting Land Navigation Performance in the Special Forces Qualification Course.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This research examined performance on the land navigation field test administered in the Special Forces Qualification Course (SFQC) as a function of three sets of possible predictors: (a) Project A paper and pencil tests of spatial ability (Map, Maze, and...

H. H. Busciglio M. L. Teplitzky

1994-01-01

298

15 CFR 90.12 - Qualifications of hearing officer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURE FOR CHALLENGING CERTAIN POPULATION AND INCOME ESTIMATES § 90.12 Qualifications of hearing officer. The hearing officer, a person not involved in...

2012-01-01

299

15 CFR 90.12 - Qualifications of hearing officer.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Relating to Commerce and Foreign Trade BUREAU OF THE CENSUS, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PROCEDURE FOR CHALLENGING CERTAIN POPULATION AND INCOME ESTIMATES § 90.12 Qualifications of hearing officer. The hearing officer, a person not involved in...

2013-01-01

300

40 CFR 174.21 - General qualifications for exemptions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...PROGRAMS PROCEDURES AND REQUIREMENTS FOR PLANT-INCORPORATED PROTECTANTS Exemptions...General qualifications for exemptions. A plant-incorporated protectant is exempt from...of the following criteria: (a) The plant-incorporated protectant meets the...

2011-07-01

301

Background and professional qualifications of high-school physics teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been much concern recently about high school physics teachers' qualifications. This article discusses the results of AIP's survey of high school physics, highlighting findings indicating that some of those fears may be overstated, while others seem well warranted.

Michael Neuschatz; Mark McFarling

2000-01-01

302

Chip and Pixel Qualification Methodology on Imaging Sensors.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper presents a qualification methodology on imaging sensors. In addition to overall chip reliability characterization based on sensor s overall figure of merit, such as Dark Rate, Linearity, Dark Current Non-Uniformity, Fixed Pattern Noise and Phot...

Y. Chen S. M. Guertin M. Petkov D. N. Nguyen F. Novak

2004-01-01

303

23 CFR 650.309 - Qualifications of personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND TRAFFIC OPERATIONS BRIDGES, STRUCTURES, AND HYDRAULICS National Bridge Inspection Standards § 650.309 Qualifications...registered professional engineer, or have ten years bridge inspection experience; and (2)...

2013-04-01

304

Development and Qualification of Computer-Aided Assessments (CAS).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Maximum utilization of computer-aided assessments (CAS) techniques and proper understanding of nuclear safety and reliability assessments can be achieved by the use of a program called GO . This document is a basic, yet substantive, qualification of the G...

R. L. Williams N. Zuck

1983-01-01

305

76 FR 19907 - Clarification of Controlled Group Qualification Rules  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...9522] RIN 1545-BG94 Clarification of Controlled Group Qualification Rules AGENCY: Internal...a final regulation that applies to a controlled group of corporations. The regulation...that a corporation that satisfies the controlled group rules for stock ownership...

2011-04-11

306

European Roadmap of Multijunction Solar Cells and Qualification Status  

Microsoft Academic Search

A program for the development and qualification of advanced triple-junction space solar cells in Europe was initiated and supported by the European Space Agency ESA (contracts No. 18767\\/04\\/NL\\/FM \\

G. F. X. Strobl; T. Bergunde; W. Kostler; R. Kern; M. Meusel; G. Laroche; W. Zimmermann; A. W. Bett; F. Dimroth; W. Geens; S. Taylor; E. Fernandez; L. Gerlach; C. Signorini; G. Hey

2006-01-01

307

32 CFR 571.2 - Basic qualifications for enlistment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...571.2 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY PERSONNEL RECRUITING AND ENLISTMENTS Recruiting and Enlistment Eligibility § 571.2 Basic qualifications for enlistment. (a) Age...

2013-07-01

308

Qualification Strategy for Multi-Chip Packaging for Space Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A qualification strategy for the integration of Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits (MMIC) into real systems is described. An overview of the MMIC based predevelopment conducted at Alcatel Espace is presented. The methodology to be used for the imple...

A. Bensoussan G. Gregoris P. Coval

1991-01-01

309

12 CFR 231.3 - Qualification as a financial institution.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

12 Banks and Banking 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01...false Qualification as a financial institution. 231.3 Section 231.3 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM... NETTING ELIGIBILITY FOR FINANCIAL INSTITUTION...

2013-01-01

310

48 CFR 9.206 - Acquisitions subject to qualification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Acquisitions subject to qualification requirements. 9.206 Section 9.206 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION...

2011-10-01

311

16 CFR 703.4 - Qualification of members.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION RULES, REGULATIONS, STATEMENTS AND INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE MAGNUSON-MOSS WARRANTY ACT INFORMAL DISPUTE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES Minimum Requirements of the Mechanism § 703.4 Qualification...

2013-01-01

312

49 CFR 229.317 - Training and qualification program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...229.319. (b) The program shall provide training for...training and qualification program required in this section...Identify the specific goals of the program for each target population...task(s), and desired success rate; (2)...

2012-10-01

313

SRNL PHASE 1 ASSESSMENT OF THE WTP WASTE QUALIFICATION PROGRAM  

SciTech Connect

The Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) Project is currently transitioning its emphasis from an engineering design and construction phase toward facility completion, start-up and commissioning. With this transition, the WTP Project has initiated more detailed assessments of the requirements that must be met during the actual processing of the Hanford Site tank waste. One particular area of interest is the waste qualification program. In general, the waste qualification program involves testing and analysis to demonstrate compliance with waste acceptance criteria, determine waste processability, and demonstrate laboratory-scale unit operations to support WTP operations. The testing and analysis are driven by data quality objectives (DQO) requirements necessary for meeting waste acceptance criteria for transfer of high-level wastes from the tank farms to the WTP, and for ensuring waste processability including proper glass formulations during processing within the WTP complex. Given the successful implementation of similar waste qualification efforts at the Savannah River Site (SRS) which were based on critical technical support and guidance from the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL), WTP requested subject matter experts (SMEs) from SRNL to support a technology exchange with respect to waste qualification programs in which a critical review of the WTP program could be initiated and lessons learned could be shared. The technology exchange was held on July 18-20, 2011 in Richland, Washington, and was the initial step in a multi-phased approach to support development and implementation of a successful waste qualification program at the WTP. The 3-day workshop was hosted by WTP with representatives from the Tank Operations Contractor (TOC) and SRNL in attendance as well as representatives from the US DOE Office of River Protection (ORP) and the Defense Nuclear Facility Safety Board (DNFSB) Site Representative office. The purpose of the workshop was to share lessons learned and provide a technology exchange to support development of a technically defensible waste qualification program. The objective of this report is to provide a review, from SRNL's perspective, of the WTP waste qualification program as presented during the workshop. In addition to SRNL's perspective on the general approach to the waste qualification program, more detailed insight into the specific unit operations presented by WTP during the workshop is provided. This report also provides a general overview of the SRS qualification program which serves as a basis for a comparison between the two programs. Recommendations regarding specific steps are made based on the review and SRNL's lessons learned from qualification of SRS low-activity waste (LAW) and high-level waste (HLW) to support maturation of the waste qualification program leading to WTP implementation.

Peeler, D.; Hansen, E.; Herman, C.; Marra, S.; Wilmarth, B.

2012-03-06

314

WRAP 2A Waste Form Qualification Plan  

SciTech Connect

WRAP Module 2A is a facility that will serve to treat retrieved, stored, and newly generated contact-handled mixed low level waste (MLLW) at the Department of Energy`s Hanford site near Richland, Washington. The treatment processes to be used are limited to non-thermal processes, defined as processes operating at a temperature less than 500{degree}F. In addition to waste pretreatment and conditioning processes including sorting, size reduction, and homogenization, the final treatment technologies will consist of immobilization, stabilization, and encapsulation to produce final waste forms that are suitable for disposal in compliance with all applicable regulatory requirements. The wide variety of chemical and physical characteristics exhibited by the WRAP 2A feed streams will necessitate the performance of a comprehensive waste form qualification (WFQ) testing program. The WFQ program will provide the technical basis supporting the process selection and will demonstrate that the selected treatment processes produce final waste forms that will meet all applicable regulatory requirements and performance specifications. This document describes the overall WRAP 2A WFQ program.

Burbank, D.A. Jr.

1993-12-31

315

The COPD Biomarker Qualification Consortium (CBQC).  

PubMed

Knowledge about the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has advanced dramatically over the last 30 years. Unfortunately, this has had little impact in terms of new treatments. Over the same time frame, only one new class of medication for COPD has been introduced. Even worse, the rate at which new treatments are being developed is slowing. The development of new tools for the assessment of new treatments has not kept pace with understanding of the disease. In part, this is because drug development tools require a regulatory review, and no interested party has been in a position to undertake such a process. In order to facilitate the development of novel tools to assess new treatments, the Food and Drug Administration, in collaboration with the COPD Foundation, the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute and scientists from the pharmaceutical industry and academia conducted a workshop to survey the available information that could contribute to new tools. Based on this, a collaborative project, the COPD Biomarkers Qualification Consortium, was initiated. The Consortium in now actively preparing integrated data sets from existing resources that can address the problem of drug development tools for COPD. PMID:23713597

Casaburi, Richard; Celli, Bartolome; Crapo, James; Criner, Gerard; Croxton, Thomas; Gaw, Alasdair; Jones, Paul; Kline-Leidy, Nancy; Lomas, David A; Merrill, Debora; Polkey, Michael; Rennard, Stephen; Sciurba, Frank; Tal-Singer, Ruth; Stockley, Robert; Turino, Gerry; Vestbo, Jorgen; Walsh, John

2013-06-01

316

AIMS mask qualification for 32nm node  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Moving forward to 32nm node and below optical lithography using 193nm is faced with complex requirements to be solved. Mask makers are forced to address both Double Patterning Techniques and Computational Lithography approaches such as Source Mask Optimizations and Inverse Lithography. Additionally, lithography at low k1 values increases the challenges for mask repair as well as for repair verification and review by AIMSTM. Higher CD repeatability, more flexibility in the illumination settings as well as significantly improved image performance must be added when developing the next generation mask qualification equipment. This paper reports latest measurement results verifying the appropriateness of the latest member of AIMSTM measurement tools - the AIMSTM 32-193i. We analyze CD repeatability measurements on lines and spaces pattern. The influence of the improved optical performance and newly introduced interferometer stage will be verified. This paper highlights both the new Double Patterning functionality emulating double patterning processes and the influence of its critical parameters such as overlay errors and resist impact. Beneficial advanced illumination schemes emulating scanner illumination document the AIMSTM 32-193i to meet mask maker community's requirements for the 32nm node.

Richter, Rigo; Thaler, Thomas; Seitz, Holger; Stroessner, Ulrich; Scheruebl, Thomas

2009-10-01

317

Nuclear electric propulsion development and qualification facilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper summarizes the findings of a Tri-Agency panel; consisting of members from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and U.S. Department of Defense (DOD); charged with reviewing the status and availability of facilities to test components and subsystems for megawatt-class nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) systems. The facilities required to support development of NEP are available in NASA centers, DOE laboratories, and industry. However, several key facilities require significant and near-term modification in order to perform the testing required to meet a 2014 launch date. For the higher powered Mars cargo and piloted missions, the priority established for facility preparation is: (1 thruster developmental testing facility, (2 thruster lifetime testing facility, (3 dynamic energy conversion development and demonstration facility, and (4 advanced reactor testing facility (if required to demonstrate an advanced multiwatt power system). Facilities to support development of the power conditioning and heat rejection subsystems are available in industry, federal laboratories, and universities. In addition to the development facilities, a new preflight qualification and acceptance testing facility will be required to support the deployment of NEP systems for precursor, cargo, or piloted Mars missions. Because the deployment strategy for NEP involves early demonstration missions, the demonstration of the SP-100 power system is needed by the early 2000s.

Dutt, Dale; Thomassen, Keith; Sovey, Jim; Fontana, Mario

1992-01-01

318

Occupational asthma in Korea.  

PubMed

Occupational asthma (OA) is the leading occupational respiratory disease. Cases compensated as OA by the Korea Workers' Compensation and Welfare Service (COMWEL) (218 cases), cases reported by a surveillance system (286 cases), case reports by related scientific journals and cases confirmed by the Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute (OSHRI) over 15 yr from 1992 to 2006 were analyzed. Annual mean incidence rate was 1.6 by compensation and 3.5 by surveillance system, respectively. The trend appeared to increase according to the surveillance system. Incidence was very low compared with other countries. The most frequently reported causative agent was isocyanate followed by reactive dye in dyeing factories. Other chemicals, metals and dust were also found as causative agents. OA was underreported according to compensation and surveillance system data. In conclusion, a more effective surveillance system is needed to evaluate OA causes and distribution, and to effectively prevent newly developing OA. PMID:21258586

Oh, Sung Soo; Kim, Kyoo Sang

2010-12-15

319

Occupation and gastric cancer.  

PubMed

Gastric cancer is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality. There are several risk factors, with occupation emerging as one of these. There is considerable evidence that occupations in coal and tin mining, metal processing, particularly steel and iron, and rubber manufacturing industries lead to an increased risk of gastric cancer. Other "dusty" occupations-for example, wood processing, or work in high temperature environments have also been implicated but the evidence is not strong. The mechanism of pathogenesis of gastric cancer is unclear and the identification of causative agents can be difficult. Dust is thought to be a contributor to the pathological process, but well known carcinogens such as N-nitroso compounds have been detected in some environments. Further research on responsible agents is necessary and screening for detection of precursor gastric cancer lesions at the workplace merits consideration. PMID:12782770

Raj, A; Mayberry, J F; Podas, T

2003-05-01

320

Occupational lung cancer  

SciTech Connect

The overall importance of occupational agents as a cause of lung cancer has been a controversial subject since the 1970s. A federal report, released in the late 1970s, projected a surprisingly high burden of occupational lung cancer; for asbestos and four other agents, from 61,000 to 98,000 cases annually were attributed to these agents alone. Many estimates followed, some much more conservative. For example, Doll and Peto estimated that 15% of lung cancer in men and 5% in women could be attributed to occupational exposures. A number of population-based case-control studies also provide relevant estimates. In a recent literature review, Vineis and Simonato cited attributable risk estimates for occupation and lung cancer that ranged from 4% to 40%; for asbestos alone, the estimates ranged from 1% to 5%. These estimates would be expected to vary across locations and over time. Nevertheless, these recent estimates indicate that occupation remains an important cause of lung cancer. Approaches to Prevention. Prevention of lung cancer mortality among workers exposed to agents or industrial processes that cause lung cancer may involve several strategies, including eliminating or reducing exposures, smoking cessation, screening, and chemo-prevention. For example, changes in industrial processes that have eliminated or reduced exposures to chloromethyl ethers and nickel compounds have provided evidence of reduced risk of lung cancer following these changes. Although occupational exposures are important causes of lung cancer, cigarette smoking is the most important preventable cause of lung cancer. For adults, the work site offers an important location to target smoking cessation efforts. In fact, the work site may be the only place to reach many smokers.

Coultas, D.B.; Samet, J.M. (Department of Medicine, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque (United States))

1992-06-01

321

14 CFR 121.923 - Approval of training, qualification, or evaluation by a person who provides training by arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Approval of training, qualification, or evaluation by a person who...923 Approval of training, qualification, or evaluation by a person who...arrange to have AQP training, qualification, evaluation, or...

2009-01-01

322

14 CFR 121.923 - Approval of training, qualification, or evaluation by a person who provides training by arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Approval of training, qualification, or evaluation by a person who...923 Approval of training, qualification, or evaluation by a person who...arrange to have AQP training, qualification, evaluation, or...

2010-01-01

323

14 CFR 121.923 - Approval of training, qualification, or evaluation by a person who provides training by arrangement.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Approval of training, qualification, or evaluation by a person who...923 Approval of training, qualification, or evaluation by a person who...arrange to have AQP training, qualification, evaluation, or...

2013-01-01

324

[Occupational allergies to bromelain].  

PubMed

The protease bromelain originating from the pineapple fruit (Ananas comosus) finds frequent use in industry. Exposure to enzyme dusts has long been known to cause occupational allergies. The present paper reviews the results of the evaluation of literature data concerning occupational airway sensitization due to bromelain. Cases of specific airway sensitization caused by bromelain could be shown clearly by the presented studies. Since the symptoms, results of skin prick tests, detection of specific IgE antibodies and results of specific bronchoprovocation tests are consistent, an immunological mechanism can be assumed. PMID:17342576

van Kampen, V; Merget, R; Brning, T

2007-03-01

325

Occupational Orientation: Industrial Oriented Occupations. Experimental Curriculum Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These experimental curriculum materials, for one of five clusters developed for the occupational orientation program in Illinois, contain teacher references and a series of learning activity packages (LAPs) designed to acquaint the student with the wide range of occupational choices available in the industrial oriented occupations field. The 30

Illinois State Office of Education, Springfield.

326

Identifying Occupationally Specific Affective Behaviors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from two groups of cosmetology instructors (n=15) and two groups of machinist instructors (n=17) validated the Occupational Affective Behavior Analysis instrument as capable of identifying affective behaviors viewed as important to success in a given occupation. (SK)

Pucel, David J.

1993-01-01

327

Occupational Roles in Children's Literature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares children's literature of the 1930s and that of recent times in terms of occupational roles and sex typing. Little change was found in number or type of women's occupations despite the recent political, social and economic changes. (MS)

Hillman, Judith Stevinson

1976-01-01

328

Occupational health and radiation hazards  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors discuss occupational health hazards for personnel due to laser, infrared, ultraviolet, and microwave radiations. Dose-response relationships and medical surveillance of occupational diseases are also discussed.

Michaelson

1979-01-01

329

Occupational Cancer Surveillance: New Approaches.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Occupational Cancer Incidence Surveillance Study, a case/referent study on occupational risk factors for cancer, was conducted in the tricountry Detroit metropolitan area in Michigan. Subjects include black and white men and women. Telephone interview...

G. M. Swanson

1995-01-01

330

Occupant Behavior in Building Fires.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The increasing prominence of high rise buildings having many occupants intensifies the need for better information about the behavior of occupants during fire emergencies. Fire researchers have indicated that it is often not feasible to evacuate buildings...

A. I. Rubin A. Cohen

1974-01-01

331

Technical and Occupational Shops.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents suggested plans and specifications for and discusses facilities common to technical and occupational shops. Drawings, room plans, and text illustrate specifications for drafting rooms, a welding shop, an automechanics shop, an auto body shop, and a high school greenhouse. Also included are facility designs for agricultural

Ontario Dept. of Education, Toronto. School Planning and Building Research Section.

332

Occupational Hazards of Farriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A farrier is a specialist in the shoeing of horses. It has been estimated that in the United States over 8 million horses are ridden for show and pleasure. These horses need hoof and leg care. The farrier does give this care and in so doing is subject to occupational hazards. These hazards cover a wide range and include bites

ALBERT C. HOLLER

1984-01-01

333

Diversified Occupations I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This curriculum guide consists of materials for use in presenting the first year of a two-year course in diversified occupations that is designed to teach job search and job-holding skills to disadvantaged and English as a second language (ESL) students. Addressed in the 25 units included in the guide are the following topics: the purposes of

Noto, Jody

334

Occupational Therapy and Neuropsychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is suggested that increasing evidence of neurophysiological etiologies for mental illness must be taken into account in rationalizing the effectiveness of occupational therapy for psychiatric disorders. The role of activity in metabolizing stress hormones is describes as a possible mechanism of therapeutic effectiveness. The sensory integrative effects of certain activities are also postulated to contribute to improvement in selected

Lorna Jean King

1983-01-01

335

Sleepiness of Occupational Drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drowsiness and sleeping at the wheel are now identified as the reasons behind fatal crashes and highway accidents caused by occupational drivers. For many years, fatigue has been associated to risk of accidents but the causes of this symptom were unclear. Extensive or nocturnal driving was associated to accidents but few reports differentiated fatigue from sleepiness. In the early nineties,

Pierre PHILIP

2005-01-01

336

Cluster Guide. Accounting Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on a recent task inventory of key occupations in the accounting cluster taken in the Portland, Oregon, area, this curriculum guide is intended to assist administrators and teachers in the design and implementation of high school accounting cluster programs. The guide is divided into four major sections: program organization and

Beaverton School District 48, OR.

337

Occupational fatalities in Israel.  

PubMed

Occupational fatal injuries are a worldwide problem. Certain occupations pose a greater risk than others. The purpose of this study was to estimate the death rates from occupational injuries in Israel over a period of 30 months, and to examine the trends in the light of the large numbers of foreign workers who have been brought into the country in the last decade. Two-thirds of the occupational fatalities were in the construction business, mostly owing to falls from a height resulting in death from multiple trauma. About one-third of these victims were foreign workers, even though they comprise only 20% of the work force in this field. Negligible amounts of alcohol were detected in a number of cases. The construction industry is recognized worlwide as a high-risk area claiming many lives each year. The findings in this study suggest that too little attention is given to safety regulations in general, and particularly concerning foreign workers in Israel. PMID:15335480

Yanai, O; Goldin, L; Kugel, C; Hiss, J

1999-09-01

338

Cluster Guide. Accounting Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on a recent task inventory of key occupations in the accounting cluster taken in the Portland, Oregon, area, this curriculum guide is intended to assist administrators and teachers in the design and implementation of high school accounting cluster programs. The guide is divided into four major sections: program organization and

Beaverton School District 48, OR.

339

Managing occupational therapy burnout.  

PubMed

Burnout has been conceptualized as an ineffective coping response to stress experienced on the job. This article will explore the construct of burnout as reported in the literature of the helping professions. An emphasis will be placed on prevention and remediation strategies, particularly those aimed at organizational causes of burnout for occupational therapists. PMID:23944860

Brollier, C; Cyranowski, J; Bender, D; Velletri, C

1986-01-01

340

Occupational lead exposure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantitative measures of saccadic eye movements were examined in 52 lead exposed autobody shop workers and 52 age matched controls with no history of occupational lead exposure. Three characteristics of saccadic eye movements were studied: 1) saccade accuracy; 2) number of overshoots; and 3) maximum velocity. The results indicated that workers exposed to inorganic lead showed a decrease in saccade

Linda Glickman; Jos A. Valciukas; Ruth Lilis; Irving Weisman

1984-01-01

341

Occupational Orientation in Virginia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the development, implementation, and field testing of Virginia's three-year Clusters Approach to Career Orientation (CACO) Project designed to generate an activity-based, across-the-board curriculum for pre-exploratory students relating to appropriateness in occupational choice. (TA)|

Ressler, Ralph

1978-01-01

342

Miscellaneous Occupational Lung Diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case is presented of a rare occupational lung disease for which the workplace etiology may have been overlooked. The authors review 4 such diseases, which are important to recognize not only because cessation of exposure can lead to clinical improvement, but also because other cases of these conditions may be identified in the workplace.

M. Sarper Erdogan; Christopher J. Martin

2008-01-01

343

Predicting occupational lung diseases  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis aims at demonstrating the development, validation, and application of prediction models for occupational lung diseases. Prediction models are developed to estimate an individuals probability of the presence or future likelihood of occurrence of an outcome (i.e. disease of interest or its related condition). These models are used to assist clinical decision making for individuals, or to stratify individuals

E. Suarthana

2008-01-01

344

Occupational Clothing Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed to provide individualized, hands-on experience for secondary or postsecondary students in gainful homemaking programs, this occupational clothing curriculum contains eight learning modules. The following topics are covered in the modules: plant production for the needle trades (needle trade structure and operation, terminology, history,

Fraser, Annette J.

345

Occupational skin disease.  

PubMed

Contact dermatitis, the most common occupational skin disease, is characterized by clearly demarcated areas of rash at sites of exposure. The rash improves on removal of the offending agent. In allergic contact dermatitis, even minute exposures to antigenic substances can lead to a skin rash. Common sensitizing agents include nickel and members of the Rhus genus (e.g., poison ivy, poison oak). Severe skin irritants tend to cause immediate red blisters or burns, whereas weaker irritants produce eczematous skin changes over time. An occupational cause should be suspected when rash occurs in areas that are in contact with oil, grease, or other substances. Direct skin testing (patch or scratch) or radioallergosorbent testing may help to identify a specific trigger. Skin cancer can have an occupational link in workers with prolonged exposure to sunlight and certain chemicals, although it can take decades for lesions to develop. In workers with occupational skin disease, workplace changes and protective measures are important to prevent future exposure. PMID:12358214

Peate, W E

2002-09-15

346

Evaluating Occupational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Stresses the importance of evaluating occupational programs on a regular basis. Offers a brief explanation of the approaches to program evaluation taken at the Dallas County Community College District (TX), South Puget Sound Community College (WA), and Triton College (IL). Offers a list of references on program evaluation. (CBC)|

Long, James P.

1987-01-01

347

Occupational cancer in Britain  

PubMed Central

To estimate the current occupational cancer burden due to past exposures in Britain, estimates of the number of exposed workers at different levels are required, as well as risk estimates of cancer due to the exposures. This paper describes the methods and results for estimating the historical exposures. All occupational carcinogens or exposure circumstances classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as definite or probable human carcinogens and potentially to be found in British workplaces over the past 2040 years were included in this study. Estimates of the number of people exposed by industrial sector were based predominantly on two sources of data, the CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX) database and the UK Labour Force Survey. Where possible, multiple and overlapping exposures were taken into account. Doseresponse risk estimates were generally not available in the epidemiological literature for the cancerexposure pairs in this study, and none of the sources available for obtaining the numbers exposed provided data by different levels of exposure. Industrial sectors were therefore assigned using expert judgement to higher'- and lower'-exposure groups based on the similarity of exposure to the population in the key epidemiological studies from which risk estimates had been selected. Estimates of historical exposure prevalence were obtained for 41 carcinogens or occupational circumstances. These include exposures to chemicals and metals, combustion products, other mixtures or groups of chemicals, mineral and biological dusts, physical agents and work patterns, as well as occupations and industries that have been associated with increased risk of cancer, but for which the causative agents are unknown. There were more than half a million workers exposed to each of six carcinogens (radon, solar radiation, crystalline silica, mineral oils, non-arsenical insecticides and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin); other agents to which a large number of workers are exposed included benzene, diesel engine exhaust and environmental tobacco smoke. The study has highlighted several industrial sectors with large proportions of workers potentially exposed to multiple carcinogens. The relevant available data have been used to generate estimates of the prevalence of past exposure to occupational carcinogens to enable the occupational cancer burden in Britain to be estimated. These data are considered adequate for the present purpose, but new data on the prevalence and intensity of current occupational exposure to carcinogens should be collected to ensure that future policy decisions be based on reliable evidence.

Van Tongeren, Martie; Jimenez, Araceli S; Hutchings, Sally J; MacCalman, Laura; Rushton, Lesley; Cherrie, John W

2012-01-01

348

Navy Nuclear Recruiting Markets: Race-Ethnic/Gender Qualification Rates.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents exploratory model-building for identifying and analyzing the recruiting market for Navy occupations in the highly technical nuclear field. Variation in eligibility for nuclear occupations by race and gender subsets of the recruiting m...

G. Thomas K. Kocher

1993-01-01

349

Development and Qualification of ATV Propulsion Assemblies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the frame of the development and operation of the International Space Station ISS, the European Space Agency ESA is not only contributing experiments and a laboratory module but also logistics capacity. This purpose of supplying the ISS shall be covered by an unmanned, Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) that will be launched for the first time in 2004 by Ariane 5. The development of the ATV is in close conjunction to the future Ariane 5 launch capacity of about 20 tons injected into low earth orbit. Thus this unmanned transporter will be a quite large space craft that is subjected to fulfil several mission objectives apart of only delivering cargo such as multiple automatic docking/de-docking, re-boost services and re-fuelling. For those reasons and due to its dimensions the propulsion sub-system is one of the most sophisticated in the field of space propulsion. Even safety issues of manned space flight have to be applied since the pressurised cargo section is part of the ISS when docked to the manned modules. This leads to by far the largest but also the most sophisticated propulsion system ever built in Europe. Astrium as one of the major partners of this european project is responsible for this major system that will be described in the paper. Focusing on the major core assemblies such as multi thruster platforms, pressure control system incl. safety and redundancy mechanisms as well as tanks and other components that completes a propulsion system. System Design and Qualification Starting from the basic criteria the paper will present the major performance requirements such as pressures, thrust levels and other parameters that led to the selection of major components of the system such as thrusters, valves, tanks, etc. Some of the component could be selected from off the shelve, whereas other core components such as the 200N Attitude Control and Braking Thrusters or Propellant Tanks had to be newly developed. The stepwise approach of development and careful qualification will be presented starting from components and assemblies up to sub- system. Exemplarily, the path of the 200N shall be described in more detail since requirements of various kinds are to be applied here. This thruster is used in a total of 28 engines located on 4 thruster cluster assemblies on the bottom and 4 on the front of the space craft delivering steady state thrust as well as impulse bit to the ATV and can be used also as backup for the main thrusters. Safety and thus redundancy is one of the major driver for the design. As a first step i.e. the thrusters are equipped with measures to detect malfunctions and problems by continuous measuring chamber temperature and combustion pressure. The layout of the thruster clusters arrangement in combination with control electronics are such are such that multiple independent branches are controlling the system by which each of them could to fulfil the whole operational objectives. The thruster clusters are also affected by most of the environmental constraints that require careful thermal or mechanical design. For example severe shock loads induced by the stage separation nearby as well as meteorites and debris have to be taken into account for mechanical design. Or large transient pressure spikes and water hammer caused by simultaneous operation of thrusters have to be considered for hydraulic design. As well as extreme conditions for thermal design facing high thermal loads both radiation and conductive during thruster firing and sun exposure of the externally mounted assembly as well as low heater budget and I/F flux limitations when exposed to deep space during long phases. Intensive test programs have been carried out or are under preparation as well as complementary numerical analysis are completing and supporting each step of the development. The paper will describe those design and qualification activities as well as the results as far as available to that time in order to give an overview of the status of the development of the whole propulsion system.

Riehle, M.; Jost, R.

2002-01-01

350

Occupational Stresses and Job Satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a test of the hypothesis that some occupational stresses are desirable and some are not, the relationship between 14 sources of occupational stress and 12 aspects of job satisfaction was studied in 228 males, employed full-time and members of one of three professional associations: professional engineers, industrial accountants, or chartered accountants. The occupational stress index was significantly related to

Ronald J. Burke

1976-01-01

351

Masonry. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP) for masonry occupations contains a competency list verified by expert workers and developed through a modified DACUM (Developing a Curriculum) involving business, industry, labor, and community agency representatives from Ohio. This OCAP identifies the occupational, academic, and employability

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

352

Occupational hazards in plastic surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

The occurrence of occupational disorders among plastic surgeons has not had much attention in the literature thus far. A case of a plastic surgeon with distal interphalangeal arthrosis, considered to represent an occupational disorder, is presented. In a review of the literature, possible occupational hazards in plastic surgery are discussed.

J. J. Hage; H. M. Suliman; J. Verhagen; F. G. Bouman

1995-01-01

353

47 CFR 25.140 - Qualifications of fixed-satellite space station licensees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Qualifications of fixed-satellite space station licensees. 25.140 Section...COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Space Stations § 25.140 Qualifications of fixed-satellite space station licensees. (a)...

2010-10-01

354

47 CFR 25.140 - Qualifications of fixed-satellite space station licensees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Qualifications of fixed-satellite space station licensees. 25.140 Section...COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Space Stations § 25.140 Qualifications of fixed-satellite space station licensees. (a)...

2011-10-01

355

47 CFR 25.140 - Qualifications of fixed-satellite space station licensees.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Qualifications of fixed-satellite space station licensees. 25.140 Section...COMMUNICATIONS Applications and Licenses Space Stations § 25.140 Qualifications of fixed-satellite space station licensees. (a)...

2012-10-01

356

10 CFR 50.120 - Training and qualification of nuclear power plant personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Training and qualification of nuclear power plant personnel. 50.120 Section 50.120 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DOMESTIC LICENSING...120 Training and qualification of nuclear power plant personnel. (a)...

2013-01-01

357

50 CFR 91.21 - Selection and qualification of contest judges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Selection and qualification of contest judges. 91.21 Section 91.21 Wildlife...MIGRATORY BIRD HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP CONTEST Procedures for Administering the Contest § 91.21 Selection and qualification...

2010-10-01

358

50 CFR 91.21 - Selection and qualification of contest judges.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 false Selection and qualification of contest judges. 91.21 Section 91.21 Wildlife...MIGRATORY BIRD HUNTING AND CONSERVATION STAMP CONTEST Procedures for Administering the Contest § 91.21 Selection and qualification...

2009-10-01

359

Motor Drive Electronics Assembly for Mars Curiosity Rover: An Example of Assembly Qualification for Extreme Environments.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes the technology development and infusion of a motor drive electronics assembly for Mars Curiosity Rover under space extreme environments. The technology evaluation and qualification as well as space qualification of the assembly are de...

C. T. Weber D. J. Hunter E. Kolawa M. M. Mojarradi Y. Chen

2013-01-01

360

25 CFR 170.506 - What are the minimum qualifications for certified bridge inspectors?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...minimum qualifications for certified bridge inspectors? 170.506 Section...Reservation Roads Program Facilities Bridge Inspection § 170.506 What are the minimum qualifications for certified bridge inspectors? The person...

2013-04-01

361

14 CFR 135.338 - Qualifications: Flight instructors (aircraft) and flight instructors (simulator).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Qualifications: Flight instructors (aircraft) and flight instructors...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) AIR CARRIERS AND OPERATORS FOR COMPENSATION...GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Training § 135.338 ...Qualifications: Flight instructors (aircraft) and flight...

2009-01-01

362

42 CFR 438.354 - Qualifications of external quality review organizations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Qualifications of external quality review organizations. 438.354 Section 438.354 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID...PROGRAMS MANAGED CARE External Quality Review § 438.354 Qualifications of external quality review...

2012-10-01

363

16 CFR 1020.3 - What are the qualifications and duties of the Small Business Ombudsman?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...qualifications and duties of the Small Business Ombudsman? 1020.3 Section 1020...SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL SMALL BUSINESS § 1020.3 What are the qualifications and duties of the Small Business Ombudsman? (a) The...

2013-01-01

364

10 CFR 71.75 - Qualification of special form radioactive material.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Qualification of special form radioactive material. 71.75 Section 71... PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Package, Special Form...75 Qualification of special form radioactive material. (a) Special form...

2009-01-01

365

10 CFR 71.75 - Qualification of special form radioactive material.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Qualification of special form radioactive material. 71.75 Section 71... PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Package, Special Form...75 Qualification of special form radioactive material. (a) Special form...

2013-01-01

366

10 CFR 71.75 - Qualification of special form radioactive material.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Qualification of special form radioactive material. 71.75 Section 71... PACKAGING AND TRANSPORTATION OF RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL Package, Special Form...75 Qualification of special form radioactive material. (a) Special form...

2010-01-01

367

48 CFR 9.207 - Changes in status regarding qualification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 9.207 Changes in status regarding qualification...reevaluation following change of location or ownership...violated; e.g., advertising or publicity contrary...Manufacturing or design changes have been incorporated in the qualification...

2012-10-01

368

48 CFR 9.207 - Changes in status regarding qualification requirements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 9.207 Changes in status regarding qualification...reevaluation following change of location or ownership...violated; e.g., advertising or publicity contrary...Manufacturing or design changes have been incorporated in the qualification...

2011-10-01

369

42 CFR 63.4 - What are the minimum qualifications for awards?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...63.4 Section 63.4 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING TRAINEESHIPS § 63.4 What are the minimum qualifications for awards? Minimum qualifications for...

2012-10-01

370

10 CFR 1046.11 - Medical and physical fitness qualification standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Medical and physical fitness qualification standards. 1046...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) PHYSICAL PROTECTION OF SECURITY INTERESTS Protective...Personnel § 1046.11 Medical and physical fitness qualification...

2013-01-01

371

76 FR 9376 - Proposed Extension of Existing Information Collection on Qualification/Certification Program and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Qualification/Certification Program and Man Hoist Operators Physical Fitness AGENCY: Mine Safety and Health Administration, Department...Qualification/Certification Program and Man Hoist Operators Physical Fitness. DATES: All comments must be received by...

2011-02-17

372

40 CFR 60.2080 - How do I obtain my operator qualification?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units Operator Training and Qualification § 60.2080 How do I obtain my operator qualification?...

2013-07-01

373

49 CFR 240.227 - Reliance on qualification requirements of other countries.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...or exceeds the qualifications standards issued by Transport Canada for such service. (b) Any Canadian railroad that is...or exceeds the qualifications standards issued by Transport Canada for such...

2011-10-01

374

40 CFR 62.14605 - How do I obtain my operator qualification?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Federal Plan Requirements for Commercial and Industrial Solid Waste Incineration Units That Commenced Construction On or Before November 30, 1999 Operator Training and Qualification § 62.14605 How do I obtain my operator qualification? (a)...

2013-07-01

375

7 CFR 400.55 - Qualification for actual production history coverage program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Qualification for actual production history coverage program. 400.55 Section...ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Actual Production History § 400.55 Qualification for actual production history coverage program. (a)...

2009-01-01

376

7 CFR 400.55 - Qualification for actual production history coverage program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Qualification for actual production history coverage program. 400.55 Section...ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Actual Production History § 400.55 Qualification for actual production history coverage program. (a)...

2013-01-01

377

15 CFR 918.5 - Eligibility, qualifications, and responsibilities-Sea Grant Regional Consortia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...qualifications, and responsibilities-Sea Grant Regional Consortia. 918.5 ...qualifications, and responsibilitiesSea Grant Regional Consortia. (a) To be eligible for designation as a Sea Grant Regional Consortium, the...

2010-01-01

378

15 CFR 918.5 - Eligibility, qualifications, and responsibilities-Sea Grant Regional Consortia.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...qualifications, and responsibilities-Sea Grant Regional Consortia. 918.5 ...qualifications, and responsibilitiesSea Grant Regional Consortia. (a) To be eligible for designation as a Sea Grant Regional Consortium, the...

2009-01-01

379

38 CFR 21.380 - Establishment of qualifications for personnel providing assistance under Chapter 31.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Employment Under 38 U.S.C. Chapter 31 Personnel Training and Development § 21.380 Establishment of qualifications for...qualification standards for VBA personnel providing evaluation, rehabilitation, and case management...

2013-07-01

380

76 FR 46856 - Qualification of Connection Assemblies for Nuclear Power Plants  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Qualification of Connection Assemblies for Nuclear Power Plants AGENCY: Nuclear Regulatory...Qualification of Connection Assemblies for Nuclear Power Plants.'' This guide describes...wires as assemblies for service in nuclear power plants. The environmental...

2011-08-03

381

14 CFR 135.337 - Qualifications: Check airmen (aircraft) and check airmen (simulator).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Qualifications: Check airmen (aircraft) and check airmen (simulator...RULES GOVERNING PERSONS ON BOARD SUCH AIRCRAFT Training § 135.337 Qualifications: Check airmen (aircraft) and check airmen (simulator)....

2013-01-01

382

14 CFR 417.311 - Flight safety crew roles and qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 2009-01-01 false Flight safety crew roles and qualifications. 417.311...TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Flight Safety System § 417.311 Flight safety crew roles and qualifications. (a)...

2009-01-01

383

14 CFR 417.311 - Flight safety crew roles and qualifications.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Flight safety crew roles and qualifications. 417.311...TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Flight Safety System § 417.311 Flight safety crew roles and qualifications. (a)...

2010-01-01

384

Web-Enabled Database for Tracking the Personnel Qualifications of Information Professional Officers.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Navy's Information Professional Community currently qualifies its officers using a paper-based system. Candidates for the Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced Qualifications use qualification books to attain knowledge and, subsequently, prove p...

M. A. Aragon

2005-01-01

385

10 CFR 50.120 - Training and qualification of nuclear power plant personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Training and qualification of nuclear power plant personnel. 50.120 Section...Training and qualification of nuclear power plant personnel. (a) Applicability...part 52 of this chapter for a nuclear power plant of the type specified in §...

2010-01-01

386

Ribosome profiling provides evidence that large noncoding RNAs do not encode proteins.  

PubMed

Large noncoding RNAs are emerging as an important component in cellular regulation. Considerable evidence indicates that these transcripts act directly as functional RNAs rather than through an encoded protein product. However, a recent study of ribosome occupancy reported that many large intergenic ncRNAs (lincRNAs) are bound by ribosomes, raising the possibility that they are translated into proteins. Here, we show that classical noncoding RNAs and 5' UTRs show the same ribosome occupancy as lincRNAs, demonstrating that ribosome occupancy alone is not sufficient to classify transcripts as coding or noncoding. Instead, we define a metric based on the known property of translation whereby translating ribosomes are released upon encountering a bona fide stop codon. We show that this metric accurately discriminates between protein-coding transcripts and all classes of known noncoding transcripts, including lincRNAs. Taken together, these results argue that the large majority of lincRNAs do not function through encoded proteins. PMID:23810193

Guttman, Mitchell; Russell, Pamela; Ingolia, Nicholas T; Weissman, Jonathan S; Lander, Eric S

2013-06-27

387

Issues in the flight qualification of a space power reactor  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an overview of the Nuclear Electric Propulsion Space Test Program (NEPSTP). The program goals, the proposed mission, the spacecraft, and the Topaz II space nuclear power system are described. The subject of flight qualification is examined and the inherent difficulties of qualifying a space reactor are described. The differences between US and Russian flight qualification procedures are explored. A plan is then described that was developed to determine an appropriate flight qualification program for the Topaz II reactor to support a possible NEPSTP launch. Refocusing of the activities of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO), combined with budgetary pressures, forced the cancellation of the NEPSTP at the end of the 1993 fiscal year.

Polansky, G.F. [Phillips Lab., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Schmidt, G.L. [New Mexico Engineering Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Voss, S.S. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Reynolds, E.L. [Applied Physics Lab., Laurel, MD (United States)

1994-10-01

388

Issues in the flight qualification of a space power reactor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an overview of the Nuclear Electric Propulsion Space Test Program (NEPSTP). The program goals, the proposed mission, the spacecraft, and the Topaz II space nuclear power system are described. The subject of flight qualification is examined and the inherent difficulties of qualifying a space reactor are described. The differences between US and Russian flight qualification procedures are explored. A plan is then described that was developed to determine an appropriate flight qualification program for the Topaz II reactor to support a possible NEPSTP launch. Refocusing of the activities of the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO), combined with budgetary pressures, forced the cancellation of the NEPSTP at the end of the 1993 fiscal year.

Polansky, G. F.; Schmidt, G. L.; Voss, S. S.; Reynolds, E. L.

1994-09-01

389

Savannah River Site Seismic Qualification Program boundary selection  

SciTech Connect

The Savannah River Site Seismic Qualification Program utilizes methodology developed by the Seismic Qualification Utilities Group and endorsed by both the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Department of Energy. The systems selected for seismic upgrade prior to restart will ensure that following a seismic event, the reactor can be safely shut down, decay heat removal can be maintained, and the reactor status can be monitored for a minimum of seventy-two hours. Systems selected were reviewed to establish the boundaries of seismic qualification. Program implementation is being conducted in two phases. Phase on will be conducted prior to restart. It will include evaluating accident prevention systems and selected monitoring and mitigation systems and upgrading as necessary to ensure compliance with DOE requirements. Phase two will evaluate/upgrade other mitigation systems after restart to provide enhanced assurance of reactor safety.

Ketcham, D.R.; Nickell, C.G.; Monahon, T.M.

1991-04-01

390

BSM Delta Qualification 2, volume 3, book 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report, presented in three volumes, provides the results of a two-motor Delta Qualification 2 program conducted in 1993 to certify the following enhancements for incorporation into booster separation motor (BSM0 flight hardware: vulcanized-in-place nozzle aft closure insulation; new iso-static ATJ bulk graphite throat insert material, adhesive EA9394 for bonding the nozzle throat, igniter grain rod/centering insert/igniter case; deletion of the igniter adapter insulator ring; deletion of the igniter adapter/igniter case interface RTV; and deletion of loctite from igniter retainer plate threads. The enhancements above directly resulted from (1) the BSM total quality management (TQM) team initiatives to enhance the BSM producibility, and (2) the necessity to qualify new throat insert and adhesive systems to replace existing materials that will not be available. Testing was completed at both the component and motor levels. Component testing was accomplished to screen candidate materials (e.g., throat materials, adhesive systems) and to optimize processes (e.g., aft closure insulator vulcanization approach) prior to their incorporation into the test motors. Motor testing--consisting of two motors, randomly selected by USBI's on-site quality personnel from production lot AAY, which were modified to accept the enhancements -- was completed to provide the final qualification of the enhancements for incorporation into flight hardware. Volume 3, Book 2 provides various supporting documentation to the previous volumes with regards to the testing of the two Delta qualification units: data acceptance records, thermal conditioning analysis, igniter adapter thermal flake analysis, laboratory adhesive (EA-9394) qualification report, throat insert thermal/structural analysis, Delta Qualification Nonconformance Reports (NCR's), O-ring seating tests, and interim test report for vulcanization process qualification.

1994-11-01

391

National Vocational Qualifications in the United Kingdom: Their Origins and Legacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National Vocational Qualifications (NVQs) were launched in the United Kingdom (excluding Scotland) in 1987 as a framework for rationalising what was described at the time as the "jungle" of existing vocational qualifications. They were never intended to be the basis for a comprehensive NQF for all qualifications; however, successive governments

Young, Michael

2011-01-01

392

Why the South African NQF Failed: Lessons for Countries Wanting to Introduce National Qualifications Frameworks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the South African National Qualifications Framework as a case study of a particular approach to the design of qualifications frameworks, which revolves around the specification of learning outcomes separate from educational institutions or programmes. It shows how an outcomes-led qualifications framework was seen as a

Allais, Stephanie Matseleng

2007-01-01

393

Framework for the quantitative modelling of the European methodology for qualification of non-destructive testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The European methodology for qualification of non-destructive testing has been adopted as the basis of inspection qualifications for nuclear utilities in many European countries. According to this methodology, the inspection qualification is based on a combination of technical justification and practical trials. The methodology is qualitative in nature, and it does not give explicit guidance on how the evidence from

Luca Gandossi; Kaisa Simola

2005-01-01

394

Lower-Level Qualifications as a Stepping Stone for Young People. Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lower-level qualifications (certificate I and II programs) provide little or no immediate return to the individual in terms of increased wages. However, lower-level qualifications are intended to prepare students who would otherwise not be capable of enrolling in and completing a higher-level qualification or making a successful transition into

Oliver, Damian

2012-01-01

395

The Growth of Foreign Qualification Suppliers in Sri Lanka: "de facto" Decentralisation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based mainly on a study of newspaper adverts for qualifications and tuition courses in Sri Lanka over a period from 1965 to 2000, this paper describes a decentralisation of control over the supply of qualifications. It is argued that this has occurred not through a deliberate policy mechanism to decentralise qualifications, but rather by default,

Little, Angela W.; Evans, Jane

2005-01-01

396

A Scheme To Improve the Utilization on Vocational Qualifications in the Labor Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Korea's labor market was analyzed to inform efforts to develop a scheme to improve the utilization of vocational qualifications. The study examined the different meanings of qualifications in South Korea's labor market and how utilization of qualifications is influenced by factors such as types of human resource management, vocational training

Lee, Dong-Im; Kim, Deog-Ki

397

Quality Assurance and Qualifications Frameworks: Exchanging Good Practice. ENQA Workshop Report 21  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of qualifications frameworks and their relation to quality assurance is gaining urgency in the European scene as more and more countries are completing their national qualifications frameworks and quality assurance agencies need to take important decisions on how to implement them. Some of the key features of the qualifications

Blomqvist, Carita; Donohoe, Tony; Kelo, Maria; Linde, Karin Jarplid; Llavori, Rafael; Maguire, Bryan; Metz, David; Sanchez, Teresa

2012-01-01

398

Degradation data-based quantitative qualification for high reliable microelectronic device  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality (or reliability) cannot be qualified for high reliable microelectronic devices (failure rate less than 10 -6 \\/h) through qualification and quality conformance procedures in military standard. A method of quantitative qualification is proposed based on the distribution of degraded tests parameters for Destructive Physical Analysis (DPA). Firstly, based on the 5005.2 method (qualification and quality conformance procedures) in

Bo Sun; Jiuzheng Cui; Qiang Feng

2011-01-01

399

The delicate dance: the assessment implications of awarding students vocational qualifications within university degrees  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the implications for assessment of embedding qualifications from the vocational education and training (VET) sector within university qualifications. As VET qualifications are now all competency based, assessment in the two sectors is quite different, since universities have generally eschewed competency?based training and assessment. A general discussion of the issues is followed by the results of a small?scale

Erica Smith; Tony Bush

2006-01-01

400

Process Qualification and Testing of LENS Deposited Ay1E125 D-Bottle Brackets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The LENS Qualification team had the goal of performing a process qualification for the Laser Engineered Net Shaping(LENS) process. Process Qualification requires that a part be selected for process demonstration. The AY1E0125 D-Bottle Bracket from the W80...

D. D. Gill J. E. Smugeresky C. J. Atwood M. D. Jew S. Scheffel

2006-01-01

401

AZ-101 Mixer Pump Test Qualification Test Procedures (QTP)  

SciTech Connect

Describes the Qualification test procedure for the AZ-101 Mixer Pump Data Acquisition System (DAS). The purpose of this Qualification Test Procedure (QTP) is to confirm that the AZ-101 Mixer Pump System has been properly programmed and hardware configured correctly. This QTP will test the software setpoints for the alarms and also check the wiring configuration from the SIMcart to the HMI. An Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP), similar to this QTP will be performed to test field devices and connections from the field.

THOMAS, W.K.

2000-01-10

402

TOPAZ II Non-Nuclear Qualification Test Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an overview of the Topaz II non-nuclear qualification test program. The program combines the joint efforts and resources of Russian and American specialists and organizations to assure that sufficient information would be provided to fulfill American non-nuclear qualification requirements for space nuclear power systems. The test program acknowledges and uses valid and verifiable test results obtained from the Russian Topaz II program to supplement that obtained from the American system test program. The American system test program includes specific tests for each Topaz II system. Tests performed on each system are described.

Schmidt, Glen L.; Ogloblin, Boris; Sinkevich, Valeri; Thome, Frank

1994-07-01

403

Thermal Protection System Development, Testing and Qualification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The science community currently has interest in planetary entry probe missions to improve our understanding of the atmospheres of Saturn and Venus [1,2]. As in the case of the Galileo entry probe, such data are critical to the understanding of not only the individual planets but also to further knowledge regarding the formation of the solar system. It is believed that Saturn probes to depths corresponding to 10 bars will be sufficient [1] to provide the desired scientific data. The heating rates for the "shallow" Saturn probes and Venus are in the range of 2 - 5KW/cm2 . It is clear that new, mid-density Thermal Protection System (TPS) materials for such probes can be mission-enabling for mass efficiency [3] and also make the use of smaller vehicles possible from advancements in scientific instrumentation [4]. Past consideration of new Jovian multiprobe missions has been considered problematic without the Giant Planet Arcjet Facility that was used to qualify Carbon Phenolic for the Galileo Probe. This paper describes emerging TPS technology and the proposed use of an affordable, small 5 MW arc jet that can be used for TPS development in test gases appropriate for the aforementioned, new planetary probe applications. Emerging TPS technologies of interest include a mid-density, chopped molded carbon phenolic (CMCP) material around 0.8g/cc and a densified variant of phenolic impregnated carbon ablator (PICA) around 0.5g/cc. The small 5 MW arc jet facility, called the Development Arcjet Facility (DAF) and the methodology of testing TPS, both based on previous work, are discussed. Finally, the applications to Earth entry appropriate to speeds greater than lunar return (11km/s) are discussed as will facility-to-facility validation using air as a test gas. The use of other facilities for development, qualification and certification of TPS for Saturn and Venus is also discussed. [1] Atreya, S. K., et. al. Formation of Giant Planets and Their Atmospheres: Entry Probes for Saturn and Beyond; 5 th International Planetary Probe Workshop, June 25-29, Bordeaux, France. [2] Baines, K. H, et. al, Exploring Venus with Balloons: Science Objectives and Mission Architectures. 5 th International Planetary Probe Workshop, June 25-29 Bordeaux, France.

Venkatapathy, Ethiraj; Arnold, James; Laub, B.; Hartman, G. J.

404

The Good Occupation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why did U.S. leaders ever think they could transform Iraq? Why did anyone think he or she could occupy a hostile foreign country successfully?\\u000aWhy indeed? Perhaps the reason lies in a mythical past. Perhaps, in other words, the reason for the optimism lies in a tale about an occupation that successfully transformed a backward autocracy into an economically thriving

J. Mark Ramseyer; Yoshiro Miwa

2007-01-01

405

Prevention of Occupational Asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prevention of occupational asthma related to a work-sensitizing agent ideally would be achieved by avoidance of exposures\\u000a that cause immunologic sensitization and subsequent asthma. There are a few examples in which a sensitizing agent has been\\u000a removed from a work process and others in which exposure has been significantly changed or reduced with associated reduced\\u000a rates of sensitization and disease.

Susan M. Tarlo; Gary M. Liss

2010-01-01

406

Occupancy and Motion Detectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a September 11 has changed the way people think about airport, aviation, and security in general. The threat is expanding interest\\u000a in more reliable systems to detect presence of people within the protected perimeters. The occupancy sensors detect the presence\\u000a of people (and sometimes animals) in a monitored area. Motion detectors respond only to moving objects. A distinction between\\u000a the two

Jacob Fraden

407

Prevention of occupational allergies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper two occupational risk groups are described as examples of prevention of work-related allergy: operating-room nurses of the Erasmus Medical Center and greenhouse workers in the western part of The Netherlands (the 'Westland' region). Natural Rubber Latex (NRL) allergy is an important health-care problem in the western world. Due to increasing use of rubber gloves, more workers in

H. de Groot; G. C. M. Groenewoud; A. M. H. Bijl; N. W. de Jong; A. Burdorf; A. W. van Toorenenbergen; T. Blacquiere; C. C. Smeekens; R. Gerth van Wijk

408

Occupational injury among immigrants  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth in immigrant populations demands an understandign of determinants of their health, including occupational health.\\u000a The study reported here involved a survey of a non-probability non-clinical sample of immigrants. The results indicate that\\u000a length of stay, a proxy for acculturation, had no relationship to injury, but working in a language other than English and\\u000a professing Buddhism did; thus, lack

Wilfreda Thurston; Marja Verhoef

2003-01-01

409

Students or employees: a federal threat to radiologic technology education.  

PubMed

The Fair Labor Standards Act, also known as the "Wage and Hour Law," has been expanded to include health professionals in radiologic technology programs as interpreted by functionaries of the Department of Labor. This interpretation is diametrically opposed to that of hospital administrators and program directors. It remains for federal courts to decide whether technology students are indeed students or hospital employees, deserving of minimum wages by their "employers." Program directors are advised to litigate any claims by field representatives of the Department of Labor who claim that technology students are hospital employees and not legitimate students in a bona fide school. The federal loan program recognized technology students as true students rather than employees, thereby exempting them from qualification for the minimum wage rules. If students in programs of radiologic technology are viewed as employees, the additional cost to most hospitals could destroy the system of training as we now know it. PMID:866622

Dozier, I M; Rogers, C W

410

Occupational cancer in Germany.  

PubMed Central

As in probably mostly all other European countries, the incidence of occupational cancer in Germany increased steadily after World War II. In 1994 about 1,600 cases of occupational cancer were compensated--more than ever before. More than half of these cases were lung cancer, most caused either by asbestos (n=545) or by ionizing radiation ((italic)n(/italic)=306). Other frequent target organs of asbestos were the pleura and the peritoneum with 495 cases of mesotheliomas. Asbestos was the single most important risk factor for occupational cancer, causing more than 1000 deaths per year. All other malignant diseases, such as bladder cancer, leukemia, angiosarcoma of the liver, adenocarcinoma of the nose or nasal sinuses, and skin cancer, were comparatively rare. Although primary exposure to ionizing radiation in uranium ore mining occurred in the 1950s and attributable lung cancers seem to be on the decline, this is not true for asbestos, where the peak incidence in lung cancer and mesothelioma has not been reached yet. Images Figure 2

Bruske-Hohlfeld, I

1999-01-01

411

Human occupancy detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the area of security and surveillance technologies, the problem of the arrival in Canada of illegal and undesirable ship and truck cargo loads is steadily increasing. As the volumes of cargo arrivals increase so do the Immigration and Customs problems related to the determination of the validity of those cargo contents. Of special concern to Immigration Control Authorities around the world is the emerging and increasing trend of illegal smuggling of human beings hidden inside of shipping containers. Beginning in 1992, Immigration Control Authorities in Canada observed an escalation of alien people smuggling through the use of cargo shipping containers arriving in the Port of Montreal. This paper will present to the audience the recently completed Immigration Canada Human Occupancy Detection project by explaining the design, development and testing of human occupancy detectors. The devices are designed to electronically detect the presence of persons hiding inside of shipping containers, without the requirement of opening the container doors. The human occupancy detection concepts are based upon the presence of carbon dioxide or other human waste characteristics commonly found inside of shipping containers.

Brown, David A.

1994-10-01

412

5 CFR 9701.211 - Occupational clusters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (DEPARTMENT...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Classification...qualifications or competencies; career or pay progression...

2013-01-01

413

OSHA gives green light to use 'N95' respirators. Occupational Safety and Health Administration.  

PubMed

The N95 mask respirators have been approved by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) for tuberculosis (TB) protection in hospitals. The new TB masks must filter particles 1 micron in size with a filter efficiency of at least 95 percent. Other qualifications include the ability to fit different face sizes to obtain minimal face-seal leakage. The masks must be used by hospital employees in a room of patients with TB, during the performance of high hazard procedures, and when emergency personnel transport an individual with confirmed or suspected TB in a closed vehicle. PMID:11362935

1995-12-01

414

Minimum Qualifications for Faculty and Administrators in California Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is the fifth edition of Minimum Qualifications for Faculty and Administrators in California Community Colleges and it updates information presented in the last edition. The document is divided into the following sections: disciplines requiring a Mater's degree, disciplines in which a Master's degree is not generally expected for

California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

415

Issues of Qualification Assessment for Nurses in a Global Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nursing shortages are creating a global market for nurses. However, assessment of qualifications varies widely among nations. In Australia, for example, overseas nurses must pass English language and nursing competency assessments. Issues of equivalence, cost, and time are involved. (Includes commentaries by Paula Kay Hancock and Abigail

Wickett, Diane; McCutcheon, Helen

2002-01-01

416

Life Under Wainwright v. Witt: Juror Dispositions and Death Qualification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current standard for determining juror qualification in cases in which the prosecution is seeking the death penalty was formulated by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1985 in Wainwright v. Witt This standard differs importantly from its predecessor, and requires that prospective jurors be dismissed if their views would prevent or substantially impair their ability to perform their functions as

Ronald C. Dillehay; Marla R. Sandys

1996-01-01

417

Life under Wainwright v. Witt : Juror dispositions and death qualification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current standard for determining juror qualification in cases in which the prosecution is seeking the death penalty was formulated by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1985 inWainwright v. Witt. This standard differs importantly from its predecessor, and requires that prospective jurors be dismissed if their views would prevent or substantially impair their ability to perform their functions as jurors.

Ronald C. Dillehay; Marla R. Sandys

1996-01-01

418

Minimum Qualifications for Faculty and Administrators in California Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is the fifth edition of Minimum Qualifications for Faculty and Administrators in California Community Colleges and it updates information presented in the last edition. The document is divided into the following sections: disciplines requiring a Mater's degree, disciplines in which a Master's degree is not generally expected for

California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

419

Virtual qualification of moisture induced failures of advanced packages  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a combined numerical and experimental methodology for predicting and preventing moisture induced failures in encapsulated packages. Prevention of such failures will enable efficient and optimal pre-selection of materials, their interfaces and geometric design with respect to the desired resistance to moisture. This virtual qualification methodology is illustrated for a specific BGA package which showed 50% failures (broken

M. A. J. Van Gils; W. D. Van Driel; G. Q. Zhang; H. J. L. Bressers; R. B. R. Van Silfhout; X. J. Fan; J. H. J. Janssen

2007-01-01

420

Virtual Design and Qualification of IC Backend Structures  

Microsoft Academic Search

For Integrated Circuit (IC) wafer backend development, process developers have to design robust backend structures that guarantee both functionality and reliability during waferfab processes, packaging, qualification tests and lifetime. Figure 1 shows a simplified diagram for the design (and redesign) cycle forevelopment. Subsequently, package development IC development. Subsequently, package develop t . inherited runs a similar cycle. By using reliability

R. B. R. van Silfhout; O. van der Sluis; W. D. van Driel; J. H. J. Janssen; G. Q. Zhang

2006-01-01

421

Testing and qualification of CIRCE instrumentation based on bubble tubes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is focused on the development and the qualification of the instrumentation suitable for the level and the differential pressure measurements in the experimental facility CIRCE. This large-scale facility is installed at the ENEA Brasimone Centre for studying the fluid-dynamic and operating behavior of ADS reactor plants. This a rather challenging objective since the facility adopts the molten lead

W. Ambrosini; M. Azzati; G. Benamati; G. Bertacci; L. Cinotti; N. Forgione; F. Oriolo; G. Scaddozzo; M. Tarantino

2004-01-01

422

Assessment Rocks? The Assessment of Group Composing for Qualification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ensembles such as rock and pop bands are places of exciting creativity and intense, enjoyable music making for young people. A recent review of New Zealand's secondary school qualification, the National Certificates of Educational Achievement (NCEA), has resulted in a new composition assessment of individuals' achievement in groups. An analysis

Thorpe, Vicki

2012-01-01

423

49 CFR 1544.405 - Qualifications of screening personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...qualifications described in §§ 1544.405 through...screener must have a high school diploma, a General...standard specified in the aircraft operator's...pat-downs or hand-held metal detector searches of individuals...normally encountered in the screening...

2010-10-01

424

49 CFR 1546.405 - Qualifications of screening personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...qualifications described in §§ 1546.405...screener must have a high school diploma, a General...standard specified in the foreign air carrier's...pat-downs or hand-held metal detector searches of individuals...normally encountered in the screening...

2010-10-01

425

Energetic Device Qualification and Lot Acceptance Test Requirements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aerospace and defense communities have required a variety of tests for qualification and lot acceptance of energetic devices. Many of these test requirements have been developed through the years as a response to past failures. Most of these tests were developed when the firing systems contained large mechanical components and the energetic devices used a hot wire initiating mechanism.

Barry T. Neyer

426

Rates of Return to Educational Qualifications in the Transitional Economies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides cross-country estimates on private rates of return to higher-education qualifications across various transitional economies spanning Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and the former Soviet Union. Rates tend to rise in most transitional economies over the period considered. Rate variabilities help explain variabilities in wage

Newell, Andrew; Reilly, Barry

1999-01-01

427

National Qualifications Frameworks: Local Learning from Global Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Countries developing national qualifications frameworks (NQFs) would be ill-advised simply to import models from other countries but could benefit from their experiences. This article elucidates principles underpinning successful practice and distils lessons learned from setbacks. General purposes of NQFs are identified, noting implicit

Drowley, Melinda; Marshall, Helen

2013-01-01

428

Qualification Test Unit Slide Stainer (Beckman P/n 673753).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Specifications for a slide stainer unit for the Skylab program are presented. The qualification test slide stainer was designed to be a self-contained system capable of performing an eight-step Gram stain of microorganisms and a Wright's stain of blood sm...

P. S. Bernier

1972-01-01

429

The impact of national vocational qualifications on the secretarial curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

National Vocational qualifications (NVQs) were added to the United Kingdom's traditional secretarial curriculum in 1989. This research, which monitored the implementation of NVQ Level 3 Business Administration between 1990 and 1995, was undertaken by means of an initial questionnaire to secretarial students, lecturers, employers and secretaries in post. The results from this were enhanced by interviews and observation in work,

Margaret Waymark

1997-01-01

430

International Harmonization of Training and Qualification in the Manufacturing Industry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The aim of this paper is to propose a model for international harmonization of the training and qualification of human resources for industrial professions. The outcome is a system based on training guidelines and a quality assurance methodology that is now in use in 42 countries around the world. Design/methodology/approach: The paper

Quintino, L.; Fernandes, I.; Miranda, R. M.

2011-01-01

431

Forward-Biased Thermal Cycling: A New Module Qualification Test  

SciTech Connect

Following a proposal by BP Solarex to modify the standard module qualification sequence, we performed a forward-biased themal cycling on three types of commercial modules to evaluate the procedure. The total number of thermal cycles was doubled to 400 and maximum power measurements were made every 50 cycles.

Osterwald, C. R.; Pruett, J.; Rummel, S.; Anderberg, A.; Ottoson, L.

2000-01-01

432

APA's Guidelines for Test User Qualifications: An Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the American Psychological Association's (APA's) development of the Task Force on Test User Qualifications, explaining the APA's purpose in developing guidelines for the use of psychological tests. Highlights the historical background, the scope of the guidelines, generic knowledge and skills considered important for good test use, and

Turner, Samuel M.; DeMers, Stephen T.; Fox, Heather Roberts; Reed, Geoffrey M.

2001-01-01

433

Student Mobility, Qualifications and Academic Recognition in the EU  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationship between student mobility, qualifications and academic recognition within Europe. It provides an outline of supranational legal instruments and policies in relation to academic recognition and student mobility. It then examines some of the difficulties associated with the different concepts underpinning the

West, Anne; Barham, Eleanor

2009-01-01

434

49 CFR 1546.405 - Qualifications of screening personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...qualifications described in §§ 1546.405 through...screener must have a high school diploma, a General...imaging standard specified in the foreign air carrier's...language identification media, credentials, airline...items normally encountered in the screening...

2011-10-01

435

49 CFR 1546.405 - Qualifications of screening personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...qualifications described in §§ 1546.405 through...screener must have a high school diploma, a General...imaging standard specified in the foreign air carrier's...language identification media, credentials, airline...items normally encountered in the screening...

2012-10-01

436

49 CFR 1544.405 - Qualifications of screening personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...qualifications described in §§ 1544.405 through...screener must have a high school diploma, a General...imaging standard specified in the aircraft operator's...language identification media, credentials, airline...items normally encountered in the screening...

2011-10-01

437

49 CFR 1544.405 - Qualifications of screening personnel.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...qualifications described in §§ 1544.405 through...screener must have a high school diploma, a General...imaging standard specified in the aircraft operator's...language identification media, credentials, airline...items normally encountered in the screening...

2012-10-01

438

Fuzzy goal-driven intelligent control for satellite environmental qualification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the application of Fuzzy Reference Gain-Scheduling Control (FRGS) to control a thermal-vacuum unit that emulates space environmental conditions for satellite and space device qualification. FRGS is a variation of fuzzy control that changes the controller gain surface in accordance to distinct operational conditions established by the reference (goal). This system allows to incorporate the experience of

Ernesto Araujo; Karl Kienitz; Sandra Sandri

2011-01-01

439

Design and qualification of hermetically packaged lithium niobate optical modulator  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we described the design, assembly, and qualification of a hermetically packaged optical modulator. A modular design and assembly approach has been applied to accommodate a wide range of applications from analog common antenna television (CATV) to digital telecommunications. This design modularity allows fiber subassemblies and the lithium niobate die to be characterized for optical and mechanical performance

R. S. Moyer; R. Grencavich; Frank F. Judd; Richard C. Kershner; William J. Minford; Robert W. Smith

1998-01-01

440

State Variations in Nursing Home Social Worker Qualifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the first published account of state administrative code variations in nursing home social worker qualifications. It is important to review state codes because the majority of nursing homes in the U.S. have fewer than 121 beds and therefore are not required by the federal government to employ at least one full-time qualified social worker. States have the option

Mercedes Bern-Klug

2008-01-01

441

Decant pump assembly and controls qualification testing - test report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of the qualification testing of the supernate decant pump and controls system to be used for in-tank sludge washing in aging waste tank AZ-101. The test was successful and all components are qualified for installation and use in the tank.

Staehr, T.W., Westinghouse Hanford

1996-05-02

442

Qualification of a passive catalytic module for hydrogen mitigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The advantage of passive catalytic modules for hydrogen mitigation during core-melt accidents, as compared with active devices like forced-flow recombiners or ignitors, is given by the high reliability of operation and the elimination of potentially violent combustion events. An important step in the qualification of a passive catalytic module system is the determination of the total required capacity and its

1995-01-01

443

The Skills, Training and Qualifications of Guidance Workers  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are wide variations both between and within countries in the extent and nature of the training required to practise as guidance workers. In some sectors, including the private sector, there are no formal requirements. In general, requirements are more formal in the education (school) sector than elsewhere. In most countries there is no mutual recognition of guidance qualifications between

John McCarthy

2004-01-01

444

Qualification of Stainless Steel for OTEC Heat Exchanger Tubes.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The history of the AL-6X alloy is reviewed and its credentials as a candidate for use as tubing in Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Heat Exchangers are examined. Qualification is based on results of accelerated tests using ferric chloride for resistance to...

F. L. LaQue

1979-01-01

445

Qualification of stainless steel for OTEC heat exchanger tubes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of the AL-6X alloy was reviewed and its credentials as a candidate for use as tubing in ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) heat exchangers were examined. Qualification was based on results of accelerated tests using ferric chloride for resistance to crevice corrosion and pitting, long time crevice and pitting tests in natural sea water and anticipated resistance to

F. L. Laque

1979-01-01

446

National Vocational Qualifications and the Construction Craft Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Training and education in the construction craft industry for the 1990s and beyond will be affected by changes in industry, qualifications, and education and training provision. A shift away from apprenticeship programs toward shorter periods of training and further education has been accompanied by an increasing emphasis on the demonstration of

Further Education Unit, London (England).

447

Examining Education Qualifications for Australian Vocational Education Practitioners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the practice of professional development within the vocational education and training (VET) arena. The study objective was to explore appropriate education qualifications for Australian VET practitioners in the tourism and hospitality sector required for effective teaching practice. The study was conducted utilising

Williams, Kim Marianne

2010-01-01

448

46 CFR 56.75-20 - Brazing qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...The qualification of the performance of brazers and brazing operators shall be in accordance with the requirements of part C, Section IX of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 56.01-2) and part 57...

2012-10-01

449

46 CFR 56.75-20 - Brazing qualification.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...The qualification of the performance of brazers and brazing operators shall be in accordance with the requirements of part C, Section IX of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (incorporated by reference; see 46 CFR 56.01-2) and part 57...

2011-10-01

450

Do school qualifications predict competence in nursing calculations?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Do entry characteristics in mathematics of student nurses selected to undertake nurse training have any predictive value for competence in nursing calculations? This paper analyses the results of a diagnostic mathematics test given to students entering the Project 2000 course at one college of nursing in England in relation to the students' entry qualifications in mathematics. The results suggest that

B. Meriel Hutton

1998-01-01

451

Child Care Directors' Training and Qualifications. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This ERIC Digest provides an overview of the competencies needed for effective early childhood center administration and summarizes state regulations governing minimum qualifications of center directors. Specific administrator skills are listed in four topical areas: (1) organization, leadership, and management; (2) child development and early

Jorde-Bloom, Paula

452

Persistance du chmage, rpartition des revenus et qualifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Persistance du chmage, rpartition des revenus et qualifications . Depuis le milieu des annes soixante-dix, le taux de chmage a augment, en France comme en Europe, de prs de 10 points. Aux tats-Unis, le taux est le mme en 1995 que vingt ans auparavant. Les deux explications les plus pertinentes la persistance du chmage europen et la

Henri Sneessens

1995-01-01

453

Promoting Occupational Health Nursing Training  

PubMed Central

In 2009, occupational health nursing faculty and professionals at the University of Washington developed an innovative continuing nursing education offering, the OHN Institute. The OHN Institute was designed to meet the following objectives: (1) extend basic occupational health nursing training to non-occupational health nurses in Federal Region X, (2) target new occupational health nurses or those who possessed little or no advanced education in occupational health nursing, and (3) offer a hybrid continuing nursing education program consisting of on-site and distance learning modalities. Evaluation findings suggested that the various continuing nursing education modalities and formats (e.g., asynchronous vs. synchronous, online modules vs. live modules) were essentially comparable in terms of effectiveness. Perhaps most importantly, the OHN Institute evaluation demonstrated that quality continuing nursing education outcomes for occupational health nurses depended largely on knowledgeable and engaging faculty and a compelling vision of desired outcomes, including the application of learned content to professional practice.

Ward, Julie A.; Beaton, Randal D.; Bruck, Annie M.; de Castro, A. B.

2012-01-01

454

Short term hospital occupancy prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inpatient census, or occupancy, is a primary driver of resource use in hospitals. Fluctuations in occupancy complicate decisions\\u000a related to staffing, bed management, ambulance diversions, and may ultimately impact both quality of patient care and nursing\\u000a job satisfaction. We describe our approach in building a computerized model to provide short-term occupancy predictions for\\u000a an entire hospital by nursing unit and

Steven J. Littig; Mark W. Isken

2007-01-01

455

Occupational Mobility and Wage Inequality  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we argue that wage inequality and occupational mobility are intimately related. We are motivated by our empirical findings that human capital is occupation specific and that the fraction of workers switching occupations in the U.S. was as high as 16% a year in the early 1970s and had increased to 21% by the mid?1990s. We develop a

GUEORGUI KAMBOUROV; IOURII MANOVSKII

2009-01-01

456

The derailment of occupational therapy.  

PubMed

The derailment of occupational therapy, exemplified by the profession's symbiosis with the medical model, its alignment with the rehabilitation movement, and its devaluation of the arts and crafts is the central theme of this article. The occupational behavior paradigm, which represents a recommitment to the values and beliefs of the profession's founders, has emerged to arrest the derailment process and thereby reinstate the substantive goals of occupational therapy. PMID:322498

Shannon, P D

1977-04-01

457

Occupational Sex Segregation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is used in a Sociology class for undergraduate students. This activity looks as gender and occupation over time in the United States. This activity uses one customized data sets made from combining census information from 1970-1990. It guides students through data manipulation using WebCHIP software found at DataCounts!. To open WebCHIP with the dataset for the activity, please see instructions and links in the exercise documents under teaching materials. For more information on how to use WebCHIP, see the How To section on DataCounts!

Fuller, Theodore

458

Occupational Health for Healthcare Providers  

MedlinePLUS

... prevention practices. They can reduce your risk of health problems. Use protective equipment, follow infection control guidelines, ... manage stress. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

459

Code qualification of structural materials for AFCI advanced recycling reactors.  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the further findings from the assessments of current status and future needs in code qualification and licensing of reference structural materials and new advanced alloys for advanced recycling reactors (ARRs) in support of Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI). The work is a combined effort between Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) with ANL as the technical lead, as part of Advanced Structural Materials Program for AFCI Reactor Campaign. The report is the second deliverable in FY08 (M505011401) under the work package 'Advanced Materials Code Qualification'. The overall objective of the Advanced Materials Code Qualification project is to evaluate key requirements for the ASME Code qualification and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) approval of structural materials in support of the design and licensing of the ARR. Advanced materials are a critical element in the development of sodium reactor technologies. Enhanced materials performance not only improves safety margins and provides design flexibility, but also is essential for the economics of future advanced sodium reactors. Code qualification and licensing of advanced materials are prominent needs for developing and implementing advanced sodium reactor technologies. Nuclear structural component design in the U.S. must comply with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section III (Rules for Construction of Nuclear Facility Components) and the NRC grants the operational license. As the ARR will operate at higher temperatures than the current light water reactors (LWRs), the design of elevated-temperature components must comply with ASME Subsection NH (Class 1 Components in Elevated Temperature Service). However, the NRC has not approved the use of Subsection NH for reactor components, and this puts additional burdens on materials qualification of the ARR. In the past licensing review for the Clinch River Breeder Reactor Project (CRBRP) and the Power Reactor Innovative Small Module (PRISM), the NRC/Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards (ACRS) raised numerous safety-related issues regarding elevated-temperature structural integrity criteria. Most of these issues remained unresolved today. These critical licensing reviews provide a basis for the evaluation of underlying technical issues for future advanced sodium-cooled reactors. Major materials performance issues and high temperature design methodology issues pertinent to the ARR are addressed in the report. The report is organized as follows: the ARR reference design concepts proposed by the Argonne National Laboratory and four industrial consortia were reviewed first, followed by a summary of the major code qualification and licensing issues for the ARR structural materials. The available database is presented for the ASME Code-qualified structural alloys (e.g. 304, 316 stainless steels, 2.25Cr-1Mo, and mod.9Cr-1Mo), including physical properties, tensile properties, impact properties and fracture toughness, creep, fatigue, creep-fatigue interaction, microstructural stability during long-term thermal aging, material degradation in sodium environments and effects of neutron irradiation for both base metals and weld metals. An assessment of modified versions of Type 316 SS, i.e. Type 316LN and its Japanese version, 316FR, was conducted to provide a perspective for codification of 316LN or 316FR in Subsection NH. Current status and data availability of four new advanced alloys, i.e. NF616, NF616+TMT, NF709, and HT-UPS, are also addressed to identify the R&D needs for their code qualification for ARR applications. For both conventional and new alloys, issues related to high temperature design methodology are described to address the needs for improvements for the ARR design and licensing. Assessments have shown that there are significant data gaps for the full qualification and licensing of the ARR structural materials. Development and evaluation of structural materials require a variety of experimental facilities that have been seriously degraded

Natesan, K.; Li, M.; Majumdar, S.; Nanstad, R.K.; Sham, T.-L. (Nuclear Engineering Division); (ORNL)

2012-05-31

460

Precision Machining Technologies. Occupational Competency Analysis Profile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Occupational Competency Analysis Profile (OCAP), which is one of a series of OCAPs developed to identify the skills that Ohio employers deem necessary to entering a given occupation/occupational area, lists the occupational, academic, and employability skills required of individuals entering the occupation of precision machinist. The

Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Vocational Instructional Materials Lab.

461

Occupational Place in Therapy: Limits to Sharing  

Microsoft Academic Search

My research investigates features of occupational engagement which promote creation of a new life after disability. Many researchers have emphasized the influence of place on occupational engagement, meaning, and redeveloping occupational participation (Hasselkus, 2002: Rowles, 2003 & 2008: Shaw, 2009). Hasselkus described therapeutic occupational place (space in which the emergent process of occupation occurs), as one of intimacy and connection

OdawaraEtsuko

2009-01-01

462

The 2010 Ruth Zemke Lecture in Occupational Science Occupational Therapy\\/Occupational Science\\/Occupational Justice: Moral Commitments and Global Assemblages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty years have passed since occupational science was founded. It is time to reassess the relationship of occupational science to its roots in occupational therapy and also to reopen a discussion of some foundational assumptions. In particular, we need to situate the profession, occupational therapy, and the discipline, occupational science, in relation to the phenomenon of globalization. The internationalization of

Gelya Frank

2011-01-01

463

The 2010 Ruth Zemke Lecture in Occupational Science Occupational Therapy\\/Occupational Science\\/Occupational Justice: Moral Commitments and Global Assemblages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty years have passed since occupational science was founded. It is time to reassess the relationship of occupational science to its roots in occupational therapy and also to reopen a discussion of some foundational assumptions. In particular, we need to situate the profession, occupational therapy, and the discipline, occupational science, in relation to the phenomenon of globalization. The internationalization of

Gelya Frank

2012-01-01

464

Professional Development for Occupational Specialist: Occupational Competency Testing. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The organization, scope, and activities of the Indiana Occupational Competency Testing Center were expanded to accommodate the requirements of the new Occupational Specialist Certificate for secondary vocational teacher credentialling. A pilot project involved three regional sites in the state. The director of the host area site acted as area

Purdue Univ., Lafayette, IN.

465

29 CFR 779.15 - Sale and resale.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...recognized as a bona fide retail sale in the industry. A resale of goods is not confined...a different kind; thus the sale by a restaurant to an airline of prepared meals to be served...recognized as a bona fide retail sale in the industry. Thus, although section...

2013-07-01

466

29 CFR 778.213 - Profit-sharing, thrift, and savings plans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Profit-sharing, thrift, and savings plans...âRegular Rateâ Bonuses § 778.213 Profit-sharing, thrift, and savings plans...payments are made pursuant to a bona fide profit-sharing plan or trust or bona fide...

2013-07-01

467

Social Networks and Occupational Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networks help workers to find jobs more easily. But those jobs need not be in occupations in which workers can fully exploit their abilities. If so, then social contacts can generate mismatch between a worker's occupational comparative advantage and his actual productivity. As a result, economies that rely extensively on social networks can exhibit low labor force quality and

Samuel Bentolila; Claudio Michelacci; Javier Suarez

468

CAREER GUIDE FOR DEMAND OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PUBLICATION UPDATES THE "CAREER GUIDE FOR DEMAND OCCUPATIONS" PUBLISHED IN 1959 AND PROVIDES COUNSELORS WITH INFORMATION ABOUT OCCUPATIONS IN DEMAND IN MANY AREAS WHICH REQUIRE PREEMPLOYMENT TRAINING. IT PRESENTS, IN COLUMN FORM, THE EDUCATION AND OTHER TRAINING USUALLY REQUIRED BY EMPLOYERS, HIGH SCHOOL SUBJECTS OF PARTICULAR PERTINENCE TO

LEE, E.R.; WELCH, JOHN L.

469

Agricultural Occupations Program Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The major program objectives of agricultural occupations courses are (1) to develop agricultural competencies needed by individuals engaged in or preparing to engage in production agriculture, and in agricultural occupations other than production agriculture; (2) to develop an understanding of the career opportunities in agriculture; (3) to

Hemp, Paul E.; Mayer, Leon

470

CAREER GUIDE FOR DEMAND OCCUPATIONS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THIS PUBLICATION UPDATES THE "CAREER GUIDE FOR DEMAND OCCUPATIONS" PUBLISHED IN 1959 AND PROVIDES COUNSELORS WITH INFORMATION ABOUT OCCUPATIONS IN DEMAND IN MANY AREAS WHICH REQUIRE PREEMPLOYMENT TRAINING. IT PRESENTS, IN COLUMN FORM, THE EDUCATION AND OTHER TRAINING USUALLY REQUIRED BY EMPLOYERS, HIGH SCHOOL SUBJECTS OF PARTICULAR PERTINENCE TO

LEE, E.R.; WELCH, JOHN L.

471

NATIONAL OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY (NOES)  

EPA Science Inventory

From 1981 to 1983, NIOSH conducted the National Occupational Exposure Survey (NOES) that collected data on potential occupational exposures to chemical, physical, and biological agents. The survey involved on-site visits to 4,490 establishments in 522 industry types [OMB 1972] em...

472

Performance Specifications for Occupational Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document lists and discusses the development of Maryland's performance specifications for occupational programs. The introduction explains the process used to develop performance standards and specifications for 10 career cluster majors that were identified by a task force of educators and employers as high-demand occupational areas in

Maryland State Dept. of Education, Baltimore. Div. of Career Technology and Adult Learning.

473

Occupational stress in dental hygienists.  

PubMed

Occupational stress represents a cause of attrition from the field of dental hygiene. However, few studies have examined occupational stress in dental hygienists with a focus on the dynamics of the organization and the concept of emotional labor. The purpose of the study was to investigate the nature of occupational stress (organizational stress and emotional labor) in experienced dental hygienists and to examine the relationship between occupational stressors and manifestations of stress (or personal strain). Two hundred invitations were sent to randomly selected dental hygienists in the Northeast. Only 40 dental hygienists met the inclusion criteria for the study and 30 individuals participated in the study. Participants completed a demographics questionnaire, an Emotional Labor Survey, the Occupational Stress Inventory, and a Musculoskeletal Discomfort Body Map. Overall, levels of occupational stressors, personal strain, and coping resources were within norms. The sample indicated high frequency of musculoskeletal discomfort in the neck (87%), upper back (63.3%), lower back (63.3%), shoulders (53%), and wrists (36.7%). Moderate correlations existed among occupational stressors related to organizational ambiguity, emotional labor, personal strain, and musculoskeletal discomfort. Emotional labor emerged as an occupational stressor that may warrant future investigation. PMID:20448324

Sanders, Martha J; Turcotte, Claudia Michalak

2010-01-01

474

The purpose of occupational medicine.  

PubMed Central

The purposes of occupational medicine are described in terms of its clinical medical, environmental medical, research, and administrative content. Each of these components is essential in different proportions in comprehensive occupational health services for different industries, and can only be satisfactorily provided by occupational physicians and occupational health nurses who are an integral part of their organizations. Two-thirds of the working population in the United Kingdom are without the benefits of occupational medicine. The reorganization of the National Health Service and of local government presents the opportunity to extend occupational health services to many more workers who need them. It is suggested that area health authorities should provide occupational health services for all National Health Service staff and, on an agency basis, for local government and associated services, eventually extending to local industry. Such area health authority based services, merged with the Employment Medical Advisory Service, could conveniently then be part of the National Health Service, as recommended by the British Medical Association, the Society of Occupational Medicine, and the Medical Services Review Committee.

Raffle, P A

1975-01-01

475

Rethinking Occupational Deprivation and Boredom  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boredom is associated with a range of problematic feelings and behaviour, and may be on the increase. There is a popular assumption supported by occupational science which suggests that the experience arises from a lack of occupation, however, it is not clear why boredom should still exist when most people in affluent societies have more opportunity for engagement than ever

Marion Martin; Gaynor Sadlo; Graham Stew

2012-01-01

476

Occupational asthma due to formaldehyde  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bronchial provocation studies on 15 workers occupationally exposed to formaldehyde are described. The results show that formaldehyde exposure can cause asthmatic reactions, and suggest that these are sometimes due to hypersensitivity and sometimes to a direct irritant effect. Three workers had classical occupational asthma caused by formaldehyde fumes, which was likely to be due to hypersensitivity, with late asthmatic reactions

P S Burge; M G Harries; W K Lam; I M OBrien; P A Patchett

1985-01-01

477

The prevention of occupational asthma  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevention of occupational asthma. P. Cullinan, S. Tarlo, B. Nemery. #ERS Journals Ltd 2003. ABSTRACT: There is sufficient understanding of the causation of occupational asthma for preventive action to be appropriate. To date, attempts appear to have been largely unsuccessful and this appears to be largely due to nonscientific\\/technical obstacles. These include the fragmented nature of the disease, its

P. Cullinan; S. Tarlo; B. Nemery

2003-01-01

478

Occupancy Models to Study Wildlife  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Many wildlife studies seek to understand changes or differences in the proportion of sites occupied by a species of interest. These studies are hampered,by imperfect detection of these species, which can result in some sites appearing to be unoc- cupied that are actually occupied. Occupancy models solve this problem and produce unbiased estimates of occupancy,and related parameters. Required data

Larissa Bailey; USGS Patuxent Wildlife

479

Foreign Occupation and National Pride  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigators from such disparate fields as public opinion research and comparative history agree that foreign occupation tends to provoke nationalist awareness. Engaging this growing body of literature, we focus on the affective side of nationalismthe feeling of national prideand argue that foreign domination by itself does not necessarily incite this feeling among all members of the population under occupation. Rather,

Mansoor Moaddel; Mark Tessler; Ronald Inglehart

2008-01-01

480

NATIONAL TRAUMATIC OCCUPATIONAL FATALITIES (NTOF)  

EPA Science Inventory

The National Traumatic Occupational Fatalities (NTOF) surveillance system is a death certificate-based census of occupational injury deaths. Death certificates are obtained from the 50 States, New York City, and the District of Columbia for decedent's ages 16 years or older with ...

481

Occupational Lung Diseases: Prevention and Control.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Occupational Lung Diseases: Magnitude of the Problem; Air Pollutants at the Workplace and Their Effects on the Respiratory System; Approaches to the Prevention and Control of Occupational Lung Diseases; Occupational Lung Diseases: Their Causes a...

1991-01-01

482

5 CFR 9701.211 - Occupational clusters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 false Occupational clusters. 9701.211 Section 9701.211...Structure § 9701.211 Occupational clusters. For the purpose of classifying...coordination with OPM, establish occupational clusters based on factors such as...

2010-01-01

483

5 CFR 9701.211 - Occupational clusters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-01-01 false Occupational clusters. 9701.211 Section 9701.211...Structure § 9701.211 Occupational clusters. For the purpose of classifying...coordination with OPM, establish occupational clusters based on factors such as...

2009-01-01

484

Prevention of occupational asthma.  

PubMed

Prevention of occupational asthma related to a work-sensitizing agent ideally would be achieved by avoidance of exposures that cause immunologic sensitization and subsequent asthma. There are a few examples in which a sensitizing agent has been removed from a work process and others in which exposure has been significantly changed or reduced with associated reduced rates of sensitization and disease. Additional measures include containment, use of robots, ventilation measures, exposure monitoring, and use of respiratory protective devices. Secondary prevention includes medical surveillance, which may involve periodic respiratory questionnaires, spirometry, and immunologic tests aiming to detect sensitization or disease early to allow intervention and improve outcomes. Education measures for workers to understand the meaning of work-related respiratory symptoms and appropriate workplace safety measures have not been formally evaluated but may also be expected to enhance protective measures and lead to earlier diagnosis. Tertiary prevention includes medical management and workers' compensation. PMID:20424999

Tarlo, Susan M; Liss, Gary M

2010-07-01

485

Occupational injury fatalities--1994.  

PubMed

Factory workers caught in machinery and construction workers falling or struck by huge beams are images that typically come to mind when considering serious hazards in the workplace. But these types of events account for only a small portion of job-related fatalities each year. Transportation-related fatalities, along with assaults and violent acts during work, made up almost two-thirds of the 6,588 fatal work injuries recorded in 1994. The majority of job-related fatal work events occurred on the streets and highways and in public buildings and in areas such as grocery stores and parking lots. Today the most deadly jobs are found in outdoor occupations such as fishing and timber cutting. In fact, in all 10 jobs studied that have high fatality rates, most workers are affected by severe weather conditions while driving on highways, performing farm chores and working at construction sites. Highway crashes are the primary cause of trucker fatalities; falls are the leading cause of death for roofers, construction laborers and structural metal workers, while tractor rollovers account for a third of farm worker fatalities. Another deadly contributing factor for some workers is homicide, which accounted for 16 percent of job-related fatalities in 1994. Workers most at risk are those who work alone, work late at night and handle varying sums of money. Taxicab drivers are the most susceptible and have a work injury fatality rate nine times higher than the national rate of 5 deaths per 100,000 workers. Others at high risk of homicide include gas station cashiers, grocery store employees and workers in retail eating and drinking establishments. Although the risk of a fatal injury at work varies greatly by occupation and industry, no one is immune. For prevention, workers and employers need to know what jobs are risky, what equipment is dangerous and what activities are hazardous. They also should understand that a fatal incident can happen to anyone. PMID:8718711

Toscano, G; Jack, T

486

Complementary Functions of Occupation and Narrative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers have found narratives useful in the study of occupation and occupational science. The imperative to understand and apply narrative approaches to occupational science research and occupational therapy practice cannot be overestimated for its utility in ensuring effective, efficient client-centered and occupation-based research, services, and outcomes.\\u000aThis proposal intends to spark discussion on the relationship of narrative and occupation. The

Toby Ballou Hamilton

2002-01-01

487

Police handgun qualification: practical measure or aimless activity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

American police trace their initial brush with handgun training to efforts taken by New York City in 1895. Developing proficiency did not become a widely held priority until beginning in the mid-1920s when the reform eras focus upon training understandably led them to desire being not just trained, but qualified with their handguns. Qualification is a military-derived status introduced in

Gregory B. Morrison; Bryan J. Vila

1998-01-01

488

Qualification testing of photodiode, semiconductor, silicon 400-2931  

SciTech Connect

Three photodiodes were subjected to mechanical shock, vibration, acceleration, temperature cycling, leak tests and 2000 hour dynamic life test at +40/sup 0/C in accordance with Qualification Test Procedure QT-3036. Initial, interim, pre-life and final measurements were taken. All test samples visually survived the mechanical shock, vibration, acceleration and temperature cycling tests in accordance with Qualification Test Procedure QT-3036. All test samples failed fine leak testing when tested per paragraph 5.7.1 of QT-3036, Reference Test Data section. One test sample (S/N 7-10) and the control sample (S/N 5-18) were then subjected to gross leak testing per paragraph 5.7.2 of QT-3036. The control sample met the test requirements, but the test sample failed. Visual inspection of the test sample showed a crack along the epoxy seal. Visual inspection of the remaining two test samples (S/N 3-20 and 7-3) also revealed cracks along the epoxy seal. These two test samples were not subjected to gross leak testing to prevent possible damage due to FC-40 fluid seeping into the photodiodes. As a result of the hermeticity problem, photodiodes previously received were temperature screened. The package of the photodiodes remaining to be delivered was modified to improve hermeticity. The qualification test was continued to completion. The three test samples functioned nominally throughout the 2000 life test. In conclusion, the test samples acceptably survived qualification testing with the exception of hermeticity. Each photodiode received prior to the leak test failures were subjected to a temperature screen and visually examined for evidence of condensation within the package. The drawing was also modified to include a vent-hole in the package and the acceptance test procedure was changed to prohibit rework after a leak test failure.

Hand, W.M.

1984-06-28

489

High Temperature Materials Interim Data Qualification Report FY 2011  

SciTech Connect

Projects for the very high temperature reactor (VHTR) Technology Development Office provide data in support of Nuclear Regulatory Commission licensing of the VHTR. Fuel and materials to be used in the reactor are tested and characterized to quantify performance in high temperature and high fluence environments. The VHTR program has established the Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) Data Management and Analysis System (NDMAS) to ensure that VHTR data are qualified for use, stored in a readily accessible electronic form, and analyzed to extract useful results. This document focuses on the first NDMAS objective. It describes the High Temperature Materials characterization data stream, the processing of these data within NDMAS, and reports the interim fiscal year (FY) 2011 qualification status of the data. Data qualification activities within NDMAS for specific types of data are determined by the data qualification category assigned by the data generator. The High Temperature Materials data are being collected under the Nuclear Quality Assurance (NQA)-1 guidelines and will be qualified data. For NQA-1 qualified data, the qualification activities include: (1) capture testing to confirm that the data stored within NDMAS are identical to the raw data supplied, (2) accuracy testing to confirm that the data are an accurate representation of the system or object being measured, and (3) documenting that the data were collected under an NQA-1 or equivalent Quality Assurance program. Currently, data from seven test series within the High Temperature Materials data stream have been entered into the NDMAS vault, including tensile tests, creep tests, and cyclic tests. Of the 5,603,682 records currently in the vault, 4,480,444 have been capture passed, and capture testing is in process for the remaining 1,123,238.

Nancy Lybeck

2011-08-01

490

BSA Delta Qualification 2, volume 3, book 1  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This report, presented in three volumes, provides the results of a two-motor Delta Qualification 2 program conducted in 1993 to certify the following enhancements for incorporation into booster separation motor (BSM) flight hardware: vulcanized-in-place nozzle aft closure insulation; new iso-static ATJ bulk graphite throat insert material; adhesive EA 9394 for bonding the nozzle throat, igniter grain rod/centering insert/igniter case; deletion of the igniter adapter insulator ring; deletion of the igniter adapter/igniter case interface RTV; and deletion of Loctite from igniter retainer plate threads. The enhancements above directly resulted from (1) the BSM total quality management (TQM) team initiatives to enhance the BSM producibility, and (2) the necessity to qualify new throat insert and adhesive systems to replace existing materials that will not be available. Testing was completed at both the component and motor levels. Component testing was accomplished to screen candidate materials (e.g., throat materials, adhesive systems) and to optimize processes (e.g., aft closure insulator vulcanization approach) prior to their incorporation into the test motors. Motor tests -- consisting of two motors, randomly selected by USBI's on-site quality personnel from production lot AAY, which were modified to accept the enhancements -- were completed to provide the final qualification of the enhancements for incorporation into flight hardware. Volume 3 book 1 provides supporting documentation to the analyses and plans of testing the two Delta Qualification units including thermal cycling planning/data acceptance records, environmental test procedures and pretest temperature conditioning history, Delta Qualification test plan, and specification SE0837 -- mix acceptance test specification.

1994-11-01

491

Plutonium metal and oxide container weld development and qualification  

Microsoft Academic Search

Welds were qualified for a container system to be used for long-term storage of plutonium metal and oxide. Inner and outer containers are formed of standard tubing with stamped end pieces gas-tungsten-arc (GTA) welded onto both ends. The weld qualification identified GTA parameters to produce a robust weld that meets the requirements of the Department of Energy standard DOE-STD-3013-94, ``Criteria

R. Fernandez; D. R. Horrell; C. W. Hoth; S. W. Pierce; N. A. Rink; Y. M. Rivera; V. D. Sandoval

1996-01-01

492

Plutonium metal and oxide container weld development and qualification  

SciTech Connect

Welds were qualified for a container system to be used for long-term storage of plutonium metal and oxide. Inner and outer containers are formed of standard tubing with stamped end pieces gas-tungsten-arc (GTA) welded onto both ends. The weld qualification identified GTA parameters to produce a robust weld that meets the requirements of the Department of Energy standard DOE-STD-3013-94, ``Criteria for the Safe Storage of Plutonium Metals and Oxides.``

Fernandez, R.; Horrell, D.R.; Hoth, C.W.; Pierce, S.W.; Rink, N.A.; Rivera, Y.M.; Sandoval, V.D.

1996-01-01

493

New Qualification Test Procedures for Concentrator Photovoltaic Modules and Assemblies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes proposed new international CPV (concentrator photovoltaics) standard IEC 62108 Draft 8d which include: 1) new test-sequence charts that allow for the separation of samples to conduct on-site witness and in-lab testing; 2) using smaller representative samples to replace the full-size samples that are often too large to fit into testing chambers or result in expensive qualification testing

Liang Ji; Robert McConnell

2006-01-01

494

Occupational seafood allergy: a review  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUNDRecent years have seen increased levels of production and consumption of seafood, leading to more frequent reporting of allergic reactions in occupational and domestic settings. This review focuses on occupational allergy in the fishing and seafood processing industry.?REVIEWWorkers involved in either manual or automated processing of crabs, prawns, mussels, fish, and fishmeal production are commonly exposed to various constituents of seafood. Aerosolisation of seafood and cooking fluid during processing are potential occupational situations that could result in sensitisation through inhalation. There is great variability of aerosol exposure within and among various jobs with reported allergen concentrations ranging from 0.001to 5.061(g/m3). Occupational dermal exposure occurs as a result of unprotected handling of seafood and its byproducts. Occupational allergies have been reported in workers exposed to arthropods (crustaceans), molluscs, pisces (bony fish) and other agents derived from seafood. The prevalence of occupational asthma ranges from 7% to 36%, and for occupational protein contact dermatitis, from 3% to 11%. These health outcomes are mainly due to high molecular weight proteins in seafood causing an IgE mediated response. Cross reactivity between various species within a major seafood grouping also occurs. Limited evidence from dose-response relations indicate that development of symptoms is related to duration or intensity of exposure. The evidence for atopy as a risk factor for occupational sensitisation and asthma is supportive, whereas evidence for cigarette smoking is limited. Disruption of the intact skin barrier seems to be an important added risk factor for occupational protein contact dermatitis.?CONCLUSIONThe range of allergic disease associated with occupational exposure to crab is well characterised, whereas for other seafood agents the evidence is somewhat limited. There is a need for further epidemiological studies to better characterise this risk. More detailed characterisation of specific protein antigens in aerosols and associated establishment of dose-response relations for acute and chronic exposure to seafood; the respective roles of skin contact and inhalational exposure in allergic sensitisation and cross reactivity; and the contribution of host associated factors in the development of occupational seafood allergies are important areas for future research.???Keywords: occupational seafood allergy; occupational asthma; protein contact dermatitis

Jeebhay, M; Robins, T; Lehrer, S; Lopata, A

2001-01-01

495

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.5...5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND...

2009-07-01

496

40 CFR 18.5 - Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Qualifications for Environmental Protection Research Fellowships. 18.5...5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION RESEARCH FELLOWSHIPS AND...

2010-07-01

497

[Occupational health problems in epileptics].  

PubMed

From the point of view of occupational medicine some questions are important for epileptics; amongst others: falling, behavior during the paroxysm, shift work dependence of attack, behaviour after an epileptic episode. Occupational capacity depends on the process of epileptic episodes and their frequency. The development of neurology has rendered numerous cures from epilepsy, but the the occupational stigma is difficult in many professions--electrical engineering, working with machinery, milling machines and others. In some professions a care must be taken when hiring epileptics--for instance professions with a fall hazard, jobs connected with public transport or involving crane or excavator operation. PMID:16498976

Romankow, Jacek

498

Occupancy Models to Study Wildlife  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Many wildlife studies seek to understand changes or differences in the proportion of sites occupied by a species of interest. These studies are hampered by imperfect detection of these species, which can result in some sites appearing to be unoccupied that are actually occupied. Occupancy models solve this problem and produce unbiased estimates of occupancy and related parameters. Required data (detection/non-detection information) are relatively simple and inexpensive to collect. Software is available free of charge to aid investigators in occupancy estimation.

Bailey, Larissa; Adams, Michael John

2005-01-01

499

Occupational exposures and adult asthma.  

PubMed

Occupational exposures can cause a new onset of asthma in a subset of susceptible workers on the basis of sensitization to a specific work agent or a high-level irritant exposure. Epidemiologic studies give insight into the natural history of occupational asthma, including host factors and environmental factors leading to the development of occupational asthma, the progression, and the potential role of preventive measures. Work-exacerbated asthma has been a focus of studies only recently but is recognized as common among asthmatic workers and is a potential cause of significant morbidity and socioeconomic impact. PMID:18572107

Tarlo, Susan M

2008-08-01

500

Wanted: entrepreneurs in occupational therapy.  

PubMed

The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) has challenged occupational therapy practitioners to advance the profession so that we may become more "powerful" and "widely recognized" by the year 2017 (AOTA, 2007a). To fully achieve this vision, this article argues that the profession should encourage occupational therapy entrepreneurship. As Herz, Bondoc, Richmond, Richman, and Kroll (2005, p.2) stated, "Entrepreneurship may provide us with the means to achieve the outcomes we need to succeed in the current health care environment." This article also argues the urgency of seizing the many opportunities that entrepreneurship offers and recommends specific actions to be taken by AOTA and by therapists. PMID:21476371

Anderson, Kristin M; Nelson, David L