Sample records for california gas company

  1. 75 FR 13524 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-22

    ...External Affairs, Northern Natural Gas Company, 1111 South 103rd Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68124, or phone at (402)398-7103, or e-mail at mike.loeffler@nngco.com. There are two ways to become involved in the Commission's review...

  2. Natural gas annual 1993 supplement: Company profiles

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1995-02-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. This report, the Natural Gas Annual 1993 Supplement: Company Profiles, presents a detailed profile of 45 selected companies in the natural gas industry. The purpose of this report is to show the movement of natural gas through the various States served by the companies profiled. The companies in this report are interstate pipeline companies or local distribution companies (LDC`s). Interstate pipeline companies acquire gas supplies from company owned production, purchases from producers, and receipts for transportation for account of others. Pipeline systems, service area maps, company supply and disposition data are presented.

  3. Natural gas annual 1992: Supplement: Company profiles

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-01-01

    The data for the Natural Gas Annual 1991 Supplement : Company Profiles are taken from Form EIA-176, (open quotes) Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition (close quotes). Other sources include industry literature and corporate annual reports to shareholders. The companies appearing in this report are major interstate natural gas pipeline companies, large distribution companies, or combination companies with both pipeline and distribution operations. The report contains profiles of 45 corporate families. The profiles describe briefly each company, where it operates, and any important issues that the company faces. The purpose of this report is to show the movement of natural gas through the various States served by the 45 large companies profiled.

  4. 170. Credit SHS. Northern California Power Company substation, Bully Hill ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    170. Credit SHS. Northern California Power Company substation, Bully Hill Mine area. Note lack of vegetation, caused by nearby copper smelting works. - Battle Creek Hydroelectric System, Battle Creek & Tributaries, Red Bluff, Tehama County, CA

  5. 75 FR 42737 - Texas Gas Service Company, a Division of ONEOK, Inc. v. El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-22

    ...Texas Gas Service Company, a Division of ONEOK, Inc. v. El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Complaint July 9, 2010...ONEOK (TGS) (Complainants) filed a formal complaint against El Paso Natural Gas Company (EPNG) (Respondent) alleging...

  6. San Diego Gas & Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services

    E-print Network

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    . EL00-95-000 July 6, 2007 The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission today approved an $18 millionFact Sheet San Diego Gas & Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services Docket No uncontested settlement that resolves matters and claims related to BP Energy Company (BP) and California

  7. 77 FR 26534 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC, Transcontinental Gas Pipe...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-04

    ...External Affairs, Northern Natural Gas Company, 1111 South 103rd Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68124, or phone at (402) 398-7103, or email at mike.loeffler@nngco.com. There are two ways to become involved in the Commission's review of...

  8. 78 FR 38736 - License Amendment Request for Homestake Mining Company of California, Grants Reclamation Project...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-27

    ...SUA-1471] License Amendment Request for Homestake Mining Company of California, Grants Reclamation...letter dated April 4, 2013, an update to the Homestake Mining Company of California's (Homestake's or Licensee's) Decommissioning...

  9. 75 FR 19994 - Green Diamond Resource Company, California Timberlands Division, Forest Management Habitat...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-16

    ...FWS-R8-ES-2010-N046; 80221-1112-0000-F2] Green Diamond Resource Company, California Timberlands...an expected application from the Green Diamond Resource Company, California Timberlands Division (Green Diamond), for an incidental take permit...

  10. 76 FR 19352 - Southern California Telephone Company; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-07

    ...Commission [Docket No. ER11-3186-000] Southern California Telephone Company; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based...notice in the above-referenced proceeding Southern California Telephone Company's application for market-based rate...

  11. 40. Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company, Los Angeles, California, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    40. Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company, Los Angeles, California, dated July 1937. (Microfiched drawings located at the Denver Service Center, #113/41906-set of 2) IMPROVEMENTS IN SEWAGE TREATMENT AND FILTER CHAMBER. - Water Reclamation Plant, Grand Canyon, Coconino County, AZ

  12. 78 FR 11638 - Michigan Consolidated Gas Company, DTE Gas Company, DTE Gas Company; Notice of Petition

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-19

    ...their Statement of Operating Conditions (SOC) for services pursuant to its Order No...Docket PR13-26-000 to cancel its current SOC. On February 1, 2013, in Docket No. PR13-30-000 DTE Gas filed to revise its new SOC to reflect the recent corporate name...

  13. 75 FR 53281 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-31

    ...Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002 or by calling 713-420-3299, by faxing 713-420-1605...Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, or by calling 713-420-1601, by faxing...

  14. 75 FR 30806 - Colorado Interstate Gas Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-02

    ...Interstate Gas Company (CIG), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944, filed...Colorado Interstate Gas Company, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944 at...Colorado Interstate Gas Company, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944...

  15. 78 FR 64196 - Foreign-Trade Zone 3-San Francisco, California; Application for Subzone; Phillips 66 Company...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-28

    ...California; Application for Subzone; Phillips 66 Company; Rodeo, California...subzone status for the facility of Phillips 66 Company (Phillips 66), located in Rodeo, California...Dated: October 17, 2013. Andrew McGilvray, Executive...

  16. 75 FR 82378 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-30

    ...Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, filed in Docket No. CP11-52-000 an application pursuant...Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002 at (713) 420-4998 or by e- mail at...

  17. 75 FR 74027 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-30

    ...Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, filed in the above referenced docket an application pursuant...Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, by telephone at (713) 420-3299, by facsimile at...

  18. Performance of the Southern California Edison Company Stirling dish

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lopez, C. W.; Stone, K. W.

    1993-10-01

    McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company (MDAC) and United Stirling AB of Sweden (USAB) formed a joint venture in 1982 to develop and produce a Stirling dish solar generating system. In this report, the six year development and testing program continued by the Southern California Edison Company (SCE) is described. Each Stirling dish module consists of a sun tracking dish concentrator developed by the MDAC and a Stirling engine driven power conversion unit (PCU) developed by USAB. The Stirling dish system demonstrated twice the peak and daily solar-to-electric conversion efficiency of any other system then under development. This system continues to set the performance standard for solar to electric systems being developed in the early 1990's. Test data are presented and used to estimate the performance of a commercial system.

  19. 75 FR 62519 - Northern Illinois Gas Company; Lee 8 Storage Partnership; NorthWestern Corporation; The East Ohio...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ...Consolidated)] Northern Illinois Gas Company; Lee 8 Storage Partnership; NorthWestern Corporation; The East Ohio Gas Company; UGI Central Penn Gas, Inc.; Arkansas Western Gas Company; Boston Gas Company; Notice of Baseline Filings October 4,...

  20. CALIFORNIA STATEWIDE RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCE

    E-print Network

    &E) Southern California Edison (SCE) Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas) Los Angeles Department of Water or the State of California. The Energy Commission, the State of California, its employees, contractors....................................................................... 48 2.5.3 Energy Usage Comparison

  1. 75 FR 74705 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-01

    ...section 7(c) of the Natural Gas Act for a certificate of public...Dth/d) of firm natural gas transportation service. In...New York, and installation of chromatographs at four existing meter stations...Senior Counsel, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001...

  2. 75 FR 73065 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-29

    ...Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, filed in Docket No. CP11-22-000, an application pursuant...Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, phone (713) 420-3299 or facsimile (713) 420-1605...

  3. Selection and Performance in a Gas Utility Company. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Myron L.

    A study of employment procedures at an unnamed gas utility company was made, examining selection procedures, white and blue collar employee performance, promotion rates, and turnover. The data is based on application files, interviews with management personnel, and employee records. The company relied primarily on walk-ins and employee referrals…

  4. 18 CFR 260.1 - FERC Form No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies. 260.1 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies. (a)...

  5. 18 CFR 260.1 - FERC Form No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies. 260.1 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies. (a)...

  6. 18 CFR 260.1 - FERC Form No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies. 260.1 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies. (a)...

  7. 18 CFR 260.1 - FERC Form No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies. 260.1 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies. (a)...

  8. Geology of Tompkins Hill gas field, Humboldt County, California

    SciTech Connect

    Parker, J.

    1988-03-01

    The Tompkins Hill gas field, located in Humboldt County, California, is the only producing field in the Eel River basin. The field is an anticlinal flexure on the north limb of the Eel River syncline in the central onshore portion of the basin. The Tompkins Hill anticline is doubly plunging and trends east-west. Stratigraphic units present in the field include the Yager, Eel River, and Rio Dell Formations and Scotia Bluffs Sandstone. The Yager occurs below a major unconformity, and forms economic basement. Strata overlying the Eel River, Rio Dell, and Scotia Bluffs represent a progradational basin-fill sequence, including submarine fan, slope, shelf, and littoral deposits. The primary productive interval in the field is within the middle of the Rio Dell and consists of interbedded fine sandstone and mudrock. Portions of the Eel River and upper Rio Dell Formations are also productive. The Tompkins Hill gas field was discovered by the Texas Company in 1937 with the drilling of Eureka 2 in Sec. 22, T3N, R1W. The play was probably based on outcrop mapping and the presence of gas seeps in the area. The primary trapping mechanism in the field is structural, although stratigraphy may have been a factor in constraining gas. To date, 39 producing wells have been drilled and 87.4 bcf of gas, consisting of 98% methane, has been produced. Very minor amounts of condensate are also produced. The source rocks for the gas are uncertain, but both the Yager Formation and strata of the lower Wildcat Group may have contributed.

  9. Price volatility of gas company stocks: some interesting results

    SciTech Connect

    Burkhardt, D.A.; Brown, M.L.

    1984-08-30

    Ten gas companies with the largest amount of stock turnover during 1983 were examined to determine if this increased trading activity correlated with increased stock price volatility. The average trading volume for the ten high-turnover companies studied was 44% of total shares outstanding, which was well above the gas industry average of 25%. Two possible explanations can be offered for this volatility: the energy markets from 1979 to 1983 were, and are, in a state of almost constant turmoil with problems ranging from supply, regulatory response, and fuel switching; the continuing confusion and complexity caused by the Natural Gas Policy Act. One result of this situation has been artificially high gas prices, causing many high-volume industrial customers to switch to alternative fuels.

  10. Review of statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies

    SciTech Connect

    None

    1982-06-01

    This report presents the results of a review of the EIA publication Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies, DOE/EIA-0145. This review was conducted for the Development, Collection, Processing and Maintenance Branch of the Natural Gas Division. It was intended to review the format, distribution and production costs of the annual publication. The primary focus was examining alternative approaches for reducing the volume and complexity of the data contained in the report. Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies presents a tremendous amount of financial and operating detail on interstate pipeline companies subject to the Natural Gas Act. The report consists of more than 250 pages of tabular data with considerable amounts of overlap and redundancy among tables. Along with the obvious options of keeping the report in its current form or eliminating it entirely EIA has the option of condensing and streamlining the report. Primarily this would involve eliminating the appendices with their company level data and/or consolidating some of the 28 composite tables and placing them in a more manageable form. This would also help place a focus on the report which with its numerous, redundant and overlapping tables the current version lacks. Along with the consolidation and streamlining effort EIA could make the detailed information available upon request and at a charge. However, prior to any major revision the user community should be polled to determine how the report is currently used. (DMC)

  11. 75 FR 30021 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Saluda Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Teleconference...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-28

    ...Regulatory Commission [Project No. 516-459] South Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Saluda Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Teleconference...the Saluda Hydroelectric Project. The South Carolina Electric and Gas Company will...

  12. 76 FR 49463 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Authorization for Continued Project Operation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-10

    ...Regulatory Commission [Project No. 2106-000] Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice...Authorization for Continued Project Operation On June...Pacific Gas and Electric Company, licensee...McCloud-Pit Hydroelectric Project, filed an...

  13. 78 FR 29365 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Authorization for Continued Project Operation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-20

    ...Regulatory Commission [Project No. 2310-000] Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice...Authorization for Continued Project Operation On April...Pacific Gas and Electric Company, licensee...Drum-Spaulding Hydroelectric Project, filed an...

  14. 76 FR 66713 - Atlanta Gas Light Company; Notice of Compliance Filing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-27

    ...Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. PR11-108-003] Atlanta Gas Light Company; Notice of Compliance Filing Take notice that on October 19, 2011, Atlanta Gas Light Company filed a revised Statement of Operating Conditions...

  15. 78 FR 62012 - Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-11

    ...CP13-132-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Rockaway...proposed by Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company (Transco) in the...

  16. 75 FR 9619 - South Carolina Electric & Gas Company; Virgil C. Summer Nuclear Station; Environmental Assessment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-03

    ...50-395; NRC-2010-0077] South Carolina Electric & Gas Company; Virgil...License No. NPF-12, issued to South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (SCE...located in Fairfield County, South Carolina. In accordance with the...

  17. 75 FR 63166 - South Carolina Electric & Gas Company; Notice of Authorization for Continued Project Operation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-14

    ...Commission [Project No. 516-459] South Carolina Electric & Gas Company; Notice...6, 2010. On August 28, 2008 South Carolina Electric & Gas Company, licensee...Saluda, and Newberry counties, South Carolina. The license for Project...

  18. 78 FR 25069 - South Carolina Electric & Gas Company; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-29

    ...Commission [ Project No. 516-474] South Carolina Electric & Gas Company; Notice...March 19, 2013. d. Applicant: South Carolina Electric & Gas Company. e. Name...Richland, and Saluda counties, South Carolina. The proposed action would...

  19. 76 FR 53672 - South Carolina Electric & Gas Company; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-29

    ...Commission [Project No. 516-470] South Carolina Electric & Gas Company; Notice...August 9, 2011. d. Applicant: South Carolina Electric & Gas Company. e. Name...Richland, and Saluda counties, South Carolina. The proposed action would...

  20. 76 FR 66708 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-27

    ...Natural Gas Company (El Paso), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80904, filed...Paso Natural Gas Company, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80904, by...Paso Natural Gas Company, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80904,...

  1. 76 FR 66711 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-27

    ...Natural Gas Company (El Paso), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80904, filed...Paso Natural Gas Company, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80904, by...Paso Natural Gas Company, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80904,...

  2. 75 FR 42727 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-22

    ...Natural Gas Company (El Paso), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944, filed...Paso Natural Gas Company, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944, or...Paso Natural Gas Company, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944,...

  3. Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company (NP) 5/18/2012 Page 1 University of California

    E-print Network

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company (NP) 5/18/2012 Page 1 University of California as determined by Anthem Blue Cross. When using Non-PPO and Other Health Care Providers, insured persons

  4. 75 FR 5317 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-02

    ...Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, filed in Docket No. CP10-45-000, a prior notice request...Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, at (713) 420-5751 or (713) 420- 1601...

  5. 76 FR 28971 - Atlanta Gas Light Company; Notice of Petition for Rate Approval

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-19

    ...Docket Nos. PR11-108-000; PR11-108-001] Atlanta Gas Light Company; Notice of Petition for Rate...May 9, 2011, as supplemented on May 11, 2011, Atlanta Gas Light Company (Atlanta Gas Light) filed a petition pursuant to...

  6. Invisible CO2 gas killing trees at Mammoth Mountain, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sorey, Michael L.; Farrar, Christopher D.; Evans, William C.; Hill, David P.; Bailey, Roy A.; Hendley, James W., II; Stauffer, Peter H.

    1996-01-01

    Since 1980, scientists have monitored geologic unrest in Long Valley Caldera and at adjacent Mammoth Mountain, California. After a persistent swarm of earthquakes beneath Mammoth Mountain in 1989, earth scientists discovered that large volumes of carbon dioxide (CO2) gas were seeping from beneath this volcano. This gas is killing trees on the mountain and also can be a danger to people. The USGS continues to study the CO2 emissions to help protect the public from this invisible potential hazard.

  7. 18 CFR 260.2 - FERC Form No. 2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies. 260.2 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies. (a)...

  8. 18 CFR 260.2 - FERC Form No. 2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies. 260.2 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies. (a)...

  9. 18 CFR 260.2 - FERC Form No. 2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies. 260.2 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies. (a)...

  10. 18 CFR 260.2 - FERC Form No. 2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies. 260.2 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies. (a)...

  11. Oil and gas potential of Los Padres National Forest, California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. E. Hopps; L. T. Stitt

    1994-01-01

    Los Padres National Forest (LPNF) occupies portions of the Coast and Transverse Ranges between Monterey and Gorman, California. High potential exists for the discovery of commercial quantities of oil and gas around the forest perimeter, much lower potential for such discoveries exists throughout most of the rest of the forest. LPNF is comprised principally of lower Tertiary and older sedimentary

  12. Estimated oil and gas reserves, Southern California outer continental shelf

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Ballantyne, R.S.

    1983-01-01

    Remaining recoverable reserves of oil* and gas in the Outer Continental Shelf off Southern California are estimated to be 968 million barrels of oil and 1,851 billion cubic feet of gas as of December 31, 1982. These reserves are attributed to 14 fields. Original recoverable reserves from these fields are estimated at 1,217 million barrels of oil and 1,983 billion cubic feet of gas. The estimates for both the remaining and the original recoverable reserves of oil and gas are higher than the corresponding estimates for December 31, 1981. Reserve estimates for 12 fields were based on volumetric reservoir studies. Decline-curve and volumetric analyses were used for the remaining two fields. Six fields were on production at year's end and a gas field is scheduled to commence production in 1983. *The term 'oil' as used in this report includes crude oil, condensate, and gas-plant liquids.

  13. 76 FR 45253 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-28

    ...Tennessee Gas), 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, filed an application pursuant to Section 7(b), Parts 157...Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, by telephone at (713) 420- 3299, or by e-mail at...

  14. 76 FR 28016 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-13

    ...Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. CP11-291-000] El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application On April 26, 2011, El Paso Natural Gas Company (El Paso), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, CO 80944, filed with...

  15. 78 FR 67350 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-12

    ...18, 2013 Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC...necessity to abandon certain pipeline lateral and compressor...abandon, by sale to Eagle Rock Field Services, L...President, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC...the final environmental impact statement (FEIS)...

  16. 76 FR 48833 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-09

    ...2011, El Paso Natural Gas Company (El Paso), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944, filed in Docket No. CP11-519-000...Affairs Department, Colorado Interstate Gas Company, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, CO 80944, telephone no. (719)...

  17. 77 FR 3757 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-25

    ...2012, El Paso Natural Gas Company (EPNG), Post Office Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944 filed an application in the...Affairs Department, El Paso Natural Gas Company, Post Office Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944 at (719) 667-7514....

  18. 75 FR 70225 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-17

    ...29, 2010, El Paso Natural Gas Company (EPNG), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944, filed in the above referenced...Regulatory Affairs, El Paso Natural Gas Company, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944 at (719) 667-7514...

  19. 77 FR 51792 - Colorado Interstate Gas Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-27

    ...L.L.C. (CIG), Post Office Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944, filed...Gas Company, L.L.C.; P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944 at...Gas Company, L.L.C.; P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944...

  20. 76 FR 41235 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-13

    ...2011, El Paso Natural Gas Company (El Paso), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944, filed in Docket No. CP11-500-000...affairs Department, Colorado Interstate Gas Company, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, CO 80944, telephone no. (719)...

  1. 75 FR 62515 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-12

    ...28, 2010, El Paso Natural Gas Company (EPNG), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944, filed in the above referenced...Regulatory Affairs, El Paso Natural Gas Company, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944 at (719) 667-7514...

  2. Oil and gas exploration, offshore southern California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wallis

    1981-01-01

    Four local Tertiary basins comprise the regional Pacific Basin south of Point Conception: the San Diego trough and the offshore Los Angeles, Outer Banks, and Ventura-Santa Barbara Channel Basins. The San Diego trough has not been tested by deep wells. The offshore Los Angeles Basin produces oil and gas from Neogene sandstones in giant oil fields which extend on shore.

  3. Measurement of radon gas on major faults in California, USA

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Zhang, W.; King, C.-Y.

    1994-01-01

    Abundant data have been gathered through measurements of radon gas emission in the soil on several major active faults, such as San Andreas and Calaveras, in California, U.S.A.. They show radon emissions and their spatial variations at the unlocked, locked, and creeping sections of faults with different tectonic movements. The characteristics of these variations and the role of fault gases in the research on earthquake prediction are discussed in this paper. ?? 1994 Acta Seismologica Sinica.

  4. Invisible CO2 gas killing trees at Mammoth Mountain, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sorey, Michael L.; Farrar, Christopher D.; Gerlach, Terrance M.; McGee, Kenneth A.; Evans, William C.; Colvard, Elizabeth M.; Hill, David P.; Bailey, Roy A.; Rogie, John D.; Hendley, James W., II; Stauffer, Peter H.

    2000-01-01

    Since 1980, scientists have monitored geologic unrest in Long Valley Caldera and at adjacent Mammoth Mountain, California. After a persistent swarm of earthquakes beneath Mammoth Mountain in 1989, geologists discovered that large volumes of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) gas were seeping from beneath this volcano. This gas is killing trees on the mountain and also can be a danger to people. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) continues to study the CO2 emissions to help protect the public from this invisible potential hazard.

  5. Greenhouse Gas Abatement with Distributed Generation in California's Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael; Lipman, Tim; Lai, Judy; Cardoso, Goncalo; Megel, Olivier

    2009-09-01

    The motivation and objective of this research is to determine the role of distributed generation (DG) in greenhouse gas reductions by: (1) applying the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM); (2) using the California Commercial End-Use Survey (CEUS) database for commercial buildings; (3) selecting buildings with electric peak loads between 100 kW and 5 MW; (4) considering fuel cells, micro-turbines, internal combustion engines, gas turbines with waste heat utilization, solar thermal, and PV; (5) testing of different policy instruments, e.g. feed-in tariff or investment subsidies.

  6. 76 FR 12998 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-09

    ...COMMISSION [NRC-2008-0441] South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority (Santee...Combined License On March 27, 2008, South Carolina Electric and Gas Company...

  7. 75 FR 74704 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-01

    ...Commission [Project No. 1894-203] South Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Notice...October 7, 2010. d. Applicant: South Carolina Electric and Gas Company. e...Fairfield and Newberry Counties, South Carolina. g. Filed Pursuant to:...

  8. 76 FR 16456 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-23

    ...COMMISSION [NRC-2008-0441] South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority (Santee...Combined License On March 27, 2008, South Carolina Electric and Gas Company...

  9. 76 FR 14436 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-16

    ...COMMISSION [NRC-2008-0441] South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority (Santee...Combined License On March 27, 2008, South Carolina Electric and Gas Company...

  10. 75 FR 8756 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company, Virgil C. Summer Nuclear Station, Unit 1; Environmental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-25

    ...50-395; NRC-2010-0067] South Carolina Electric and Gas Company, Virgil...License No. NPF-12, issued to South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (SCE...located in Fairfield County, South Carolina. In accordance with 10 CFR...

  11. 76 FR 11522 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-02

    ...COMMISSION [NRC-2008-0441] South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority (Santee...Combined License On March 27, 2008, South Carolina Electric and Gas Company...

  12. Deregulation of the California electric power industry: An analysis of electric and natural gas corporate mergers and their effect on the California electric power market

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hornbuckle, James Dixon

    Deregulation of the electric utility industry in California is moving in a direction that places greater reliance on the market forces of competition. Investor owned utilities (IOU's) are using mergers and acquisitions to improve their ability to compete in this new environment. Two large mergers were proposed in 1996 that could affect the California market. The first is between Enron Corporation, a large power marketer and Portland General Corporation, owner of Portland General Electric. The second is between Pacific Enterprises Inc., owner of Southern California Gas Company, the largest natural gas utility in the U. S., and Enova Corporation, owner of San Diego Gas and Electric Company. Understanding the impact of these mergers on the California electric power market is the focus of this study. This study examines hypotheses dealing with: (1) Merger Strategy, (2) Efficiency, and (3) Market Power. Using the Miles and Snow (1978) typology, I develop a strategic orientation model for the merger participants and their competitors. The results suggest a two-stage strategic orientation: (1) regulated core business stage, where the firms follow a Defender strategy, and (2) unregulated business stage, where the firms follow a Prospector strategy. Further, the results show the mergers are consistent with the strategy of Enron and Pacific Enterprises. Event study methodology, dollar gains/losses and market value weighted returns are used to determine if the mergers support the efficiency hypothesis. The evidence suggests the mergers lead to increased competitive advantage through improved efficiency for the participants. The results also suggest the mergers do not harm the rivals. The results of structural changes made by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) in deregulation of the California market and analysis of the mergers by the CPUC and the Public Utility Commission of Oregon suggest that the exercise of market power is not a significant issue. Finally, the likely winners in the deregulated environment in California are the broad-based IOU firms, which use a combination Defender/Prospector strategy and do not over-commit resources to mergers or acquisitions.

  13. Guidelines for Company Reporting on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Annexes updated July 2005

    E-print Network

    Defra July 2005 Guidelines for Company Reporting on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Annexes updated July Emissions Inventory for 2003 and the UK Greenhouse Gas Inventory for 2003 developed by Netcen (2005), Digest on the National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory for 2003 and the UK Greenhouse Gas Inventory for 2003 developed

  14. 80 FR 21271 - Southern California Edison Company San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Units 1, 2, and 3, and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2015-04-17

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is considering issuance of exemptions in response to a request from Southern California Edison Company (SCE or the licensee) that would permit the licensee to reduce its emergency planning (EP) activities at the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station (SONGS), Units 1, 2, and 3, and the Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (ISFSI). The licensee is......

  15. 78 FR 44111 - Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-23

    ...Company, LLC (Florida Gas), 1300 Main St., Houston, Texas 77002, filed a prior notice request pursuant to sections 157.205...Transmission Company, LLC, 1300 Main St., Houston, Texas 77002, by telephone at (713) 989-2024, by fax at (713)...

  16. 76 FR 22686 - Colorado Interstate Gas Company; Notice of Application for Abandonment

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-22

    ...2011, Colorado Interstate Gas Company (CIG), Post Office Box 1087 Colorado Springs, CO 80944, filed in Docket No. CP11-186-000...C. Stires, Director, Regulatory Affairs, Post Office Box 1087 Colorado Springs, CO 80944; telephone (719)...

  17. 76 FR 35202 - Piedmont Natural Gas Company, Inc.; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-16

    ...regarding this application should be directed to Michelle R. Mendoza, Piedmont Natural Gas Company, Inc., Post Office Box 33068, Charlotte, NC 28233 or by e-mailing michelle.mendoza@piedmontng.com or to James H. Jeffries IV,...

  18. 75 FR 44789 - Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Technical Conference

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-29

    ...Gas Company; Notice of Technical Conference July 20, 2010. By order dated July...Commission) ordered a technical conference in the captioned proceeding (July 9, 2010 Order). The conference will be held on Thursday,...

  19. 75 FR 53981 - Notice of Proposed Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 47609, California

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-02

    ...Land Management [CA-920-1310-FI; CACA 47609] Notice of Proposed Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 47609, California AGENCY: Bureau of...for reinstatement of oil and gas lease CACA 47609 from Mirada Petroleum Inc....

  20. 75 FR 32812 - Notice of Proposed Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 44900, California

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-09

    ...Land Management [CA-920-1310-FI; CACA 44900] Notice of Proposed Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 44900, California AGENCY: Bureau of...for reinstatement of oil and gas lease CACA 44900 from NW. Lost Hills...

  1. US lessons for energy industry restructuring: based on natural gas and California electricity incidences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Won-Woo Lee

    2004-01-01

    During the regulation and deregulation processes, the US experienced, besides temporary price spikes, several unhappy incidences; natural gas shortage in mid-1970s, gas bubble in 1980s, California power crisis, and high natural gas price in 2000–2001. This paper focuses on the US natural gas and California electricity industries, especially on the above-mentioned four incidences. Through analyzing their causes and effects, this

  2. California foraminiferal micropalaeontology KENNETH L. FINGER

    E-print Network

    Finger, Kenneth L.

    , Oil Company; ODP, Offshore Drilling Proj- ect; PG&E, Pacific Gas and Electric Company; PCJ, Petroleum throughout the oil industry and their sudden demand for foram workers prompted academia to provide in maintaining a large presence of foraminiferologists in California. Although the major oil companies employed

  3. Greenhouse Gas Abatement with Distributed Generation in California's Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Cardoso, Goncalo; Megel, Olivier; Siddiqui, Afzal; Lai, Judy

    2009-08-15

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBL) is working with the California Energy Commission (CEC) to determine the role of distributed generation (DG) in greenhouse gas reductions. The impact of DG on large industrial sites is well known, and mostly, the potentials are already harvested. In contrast, little is known about the impact of DG on commercial buildings with peak electric loads ranging from 100 kW to 5 MW. We examine how DG with combined heat and power (CHP) may be implemented within the context of a cost minimizing microgrid that is able to adopt and operate various smart energy technologies, such as thermal and photovoltaic (PV) on-site generation, heat exchangers, solar thermal collectors, absorption chillers, and storage systems. We use a mixed-integer linear program (MILP) that has the minimization of a site's annual energy costs as objective. Using 138 representative commercial sites in California (CA) with existing tariff rates and technology data, we find the greenhouse gas reduction potential for California's commercial sector. This paper shows results from the ongoing research project and finished work from a two year U.S. Department of Energy research project. To show the impact of the different technologies on CO2 emissions, several sensitivity runs for different climate zones within CA with different technology performance expectations for 2020 were performed. The considered sites can contribute between 1 Mt/a and 1.8 Mt/a to the California Air Resources Board (CARB) goal of 6.7Mt/a CO2 abatement potential in 2020. Also, with lower PV and storage costs as well as consideration of a CO2 pricing scheme, our results indicate that PV and electric storage adoption can compete rather than supplement each other when the tariff structure and costs of electricity supply have been taken into consideration. To satisfy the site's objective of minimizing energy costs, the batteries will be charged also by CHP systems during off-peak and mid-peak hours and not only by PV during sunny on-peak hours.

  4. Characterization of industrial waste from a natural gas distribution company and management strategies: a case study of the East Azerbaijan Gas Company (Iran).

    PubMed

    Taghipour, Hassan; Aslhashemi, Ahmad; Assadi, Mohammad; Khodaei, Firoz; Mardangahi, Baharak; Mosaferi, Mohammad; Roshani, Babak

    2012-10-01

    Although a fundamental prerequisite for the successful implementation of any waste management plan is the availability of sufficient and accurate data, there are few available studies regarding the characterization and management of gas distribution company waste (GDCW). This study aimed to characterize the industrial waste generated by the East Azerbaijan Gas Distribution Company (EAGDC) and to present environmental management strategies. The EAGDC serves 57 cities and 821 villages with a total population of more than 2.5 million as well as numerous industrial units. The methodology of this study was based on a checklist of data collected from each zone of the company, site visits (observation), and quantity and quality analysis according to the formal data available from different zones. The results indicate that more than 35 different kinds of industrial solid waste are generated in different industrial installations. The most important types of generated waste include empty barrels (including mercaptans, diesel fuel, deionized waters and oil), faulty gas meters and regulators, a variety of industrial oils, sleeves, filter elements and faulty pipes, valves and fittings. The results indicated that, currently, GDCW is generally handled and disposed of with domestic waste, deposited in companies' installation yards and stores or, sometimes, recycled through non-scientific approaches that can create health risks to the public and the environment, even though most of the GDCW was determined to be recyclable or reusable materials. This study concludes that gas distribution companies must pay more attention to source reduction, recycling and reusing of waste to preserve natural resources, landfill space and the environment. PMID:22683949

  5. 75 FR 53963 - Notice of Baseline Filings: The Peoples Gas Light and Coke Company, Minnesota Energy Resources...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-02

    ...PR10-88- 000, Docket No. PR10-89-000, Docket No. PR10-90-000] Notice of Baseline Filings: The Peoples Gas Light and Coke Company, Minnesota Energy Resources Corporation, Louisville Gas and Electric Company, Cobra Pipeline Ltd., Humble Gas...

  6. 75 FR 35779 - Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ...Natural Gas Act, for a certificate of public convenience and necessity authorizing the increase in certificated capacity at its Redfield storage field, located in Dallas County, Iowa, and to provide 2.0 Bcf of firm natural gas storage service at...

  7. 77 FR 60972 - The Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-05

    ...seeks NGA section 3 authorization to operate the first of three phases of facilities that, together, will be used to receive, unload, load, store, transport, gasify or process natural gas that is sourced on the Continental U.S. and transported by...

  8. MEASURES TO ABATE GREEN HOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN LOGISTICS COMPANIES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Clausen Uwe; Deymann Simon; Schmied Martin; Friedrichs Jörg

    Within the regulations of the Kyoto Protocol and EU burden sharing, Germany has agreed to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions by 21 % from 2008 to 2012 compared to the 1990 emission level. In contrast to other sectors, the level of GHG emissions rose slightly in the transportation industry. This was mainly due to road transport and in particular

  9. 77 FR 10598 - BIOTECH Holdings Ltd., California Oil & Gas Corp., Central Minera Corp., Chemokine Therapeutics...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-22

    ...SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [File No. 500-1] BIOTECH Holdings Ltd., California Oil & Gas Corp., Central Minera...current and accurate information concerning the securities of BIOTECH Holdings Ltd. because it has not filed any annual...

  10. Knowledge management of foreign subsidiaries of international oil and gas contracting companies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Abdul-Rashid Abdul-Aziz; Kim Zoo Lee

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – To present the findings of a study which examined the application of knowledge management of subsidiaries of foreign oil and gas contracting companies in Malaysia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The subsidiaries were examined on how engineering and project management knowledge was created, captured, stored, shared and protected. These processes were traced by looking at the organisational facets of culture and

  11. DUAL ALKALI ACCEPTANCE TEST AT LOUISVILLE GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY; VOLUME III. APPENDICES G-J

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report gives results of the completed acceptance test series run on the dual alkali system serving Louisville Gas and Electric Company's Cane Run Unit 6 boiler. This volume (Volume III) contains raw data gathered by Kenvirons, calculations, and computerized reduced data submi...

  12. DUAL ALKALI ACCEPTANCE TEST AT LOUISVILLE GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY; VOLUME II. APPENDICES D-F

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report gives results of the completed acceptance test series run on the dual alkali system serving Louisville Gas and Electric Company's Cane Run Unit 6 boiler. This volume (Volume II) contains a discussion of the analytical and sampling methods, quality assurance, and the ra...

  13. 77 FR 14776 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Amendment to Presidential Permit

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-13

    ...2012, El Paso Natural Gas Company (El Paso), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado, filed an application in Docket...Paso Western Pipelines, Two North Nevada Avenue, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80944, or call at...

  14. 75 FR 67360 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-02

    ...2010, El Paso Natural Gas Company (El Paso), Post Office Box 1087, Colorado Springs, CO, 80944, filed a prior notice request...application should be directed to Susan C. Stires, Post Box Office 1087, Colorado Springs, CO 80944, telephone no. (719)...

  15. 77 FR 20617 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-05

    ...2012, El Paso Natural Gas Company (El Paso), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80904, filed in the above referenced...Paso western Pipelines, Two North Nevada Avenue, P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, Colorado 80904, by telephone at...

  16. 76 FR 18756 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-05

    ...2011, El Paso Natural Gas Company (El Paso), Post Office Box 1087, Colorado Springs, CO 80944, filed a prior notice request...application should be directed to Susan C. Stires, Post Box Office 1087, Colorado Springs, CO 80944, telephone no. (719)...

  17. Selection, Design, and Operation of Power Transformers on American Gas and Electric Company System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. W. Gross; P. S. Pugh

    1950-01-01

    This paper discusses briefly the philosophy underlying power transformer practices on the American Gas and Electric Company system. It includes power transformers used in generating, transmission, and distribution stations. It does not include transformers generally used on distribution lines to serve residential customers, or special purpose transformers not directly associated with the transmission and distribution of power. The size and

  18. 78 FR 22540 - El Paso Natural Gas Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-16

    ...Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. RP13-787-000] El Paso Natural Gas Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Petition for...Practice and Procedure, 18 CFR 385.207(a)(2)(2012), El Paso Natural Gas Company, L.L.C. (EPNG) submits this...

  19. 78 FR 21934 - El Paso Natural Gas Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-12

    ...Paso Natural Gas Company, L.L.C. (El Paso), P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, CO 80944, filed in Docket No. CP13-112-000...Department, El Paso Natural Gas Company, L.L.C., P.O. Box 1087, Colorado Springs, CO 80944, (719) 667-7517. Any...

  20. Electricity Shortage in California

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Missner, Emily D.

    Much to the dismay of Californians, two large utility companies, Pacific Gas and Electric Company and Southern California Edison Company, have been granted consumer rate increases for the price of electricity. This rate hike will affect over ten million California residents who have already endured more than 30 power alerts since June including threats of state-wide rolling blackouts. The deregulation of power prices in California has led to soaring wholesale costs for electricity and frozen customer prices, creating $8 million in combined losses for these two companies. The price for power in the West skyrocketed to $1,400 per megawatt hour, as compared to $35 per megawatt hour at this time last year. Meanwhile, US Department of Energy Secretary Bill Richardson extended an emergency order which forces marketers and generators with access power to provide electricity to California. Richardson blamed the power shortage on the booming technology industry which has caused electricity use in California to rise thirteen percent and energy use throughout the US to increase by fourteen percent in the past year. Although the consumer price increases have not been determined, Pacific Gas and Electric Co. has suggested a seventeen percent increase, which would raise the average monthly electricity bill in California from $54 to $63.

  1. Oil and gas potential of Los Padres National Forest, California

    SciTech Connect

    Hopps, T.E.; Stitt, L.T. (Rancho Energy Consultants, Santa Paula, CA (United States))

    1994-04-01

    Los Padres National Forest (LPNF) occupies portions of the Coast and Transverse Ranges between Monterey and Gorman, California. High potential exists for the discovery of commercial quantities of oil and gas around the forest perimeter, much lower potential for such discoveries exists throughout most of the rest of the forest. LPNF is comprised principally of lower Tertiary and older sedimentary rocks with crystalline basement exposed as its northern and eastern ends. The forest overlaps major oil producing basins containing thick sequences of upper Tertiary sediments. Forest terrane south of Santa Ynez fault exhibits an east-west structural grain. Most of the remainder of LPNF exhibits a pronounced northwest-southwest structural grain. Folds range from vertical and overturned structures to broad, upright features that commonly persist for miles. Approximately 195 exploratory wells have been drilled within LPNF. Most of the reported shows occurred in Neogene strata of the surrounding basins. In Ventura Basin, shows were also reported from Paleogene rocks. Sespe and South Cuyama oil fields produced 769,000 equivalent bbl of oil from LPNF leases during 1992. Within LPNF, the potential for discovering commercial quantities of oil or gas in Cretaceous strata is very low. Paleogene strata offer low potential for such discoveries throughout most of the forest, but high potential near Sespe oil field. Potential from Neogene strata is moderate in the interior portion of the forest, but high where Miocene reservoirs are trapped beneath older strata around its perimeter. Of the nine high potential areas outlined in this study, South Cuyam, San Cayetano, and Sespe areas clearly have the greatest potential for the discovery of significant quantities of hydrocarbons.

  2. Reconsidering California Transport Policies: Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in an Uncertain Future

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Keefe, Ryan

    2012-02-24

    Over the past decade, the state of California has set aggressive greenhouse gas emissions targets across all sectors of the economy. The first major target occurs in 2020, when the state hopes to have reduced statewide greenhouse gas emission from their current levels to 1990 levels. This 320-page paper from RAND researcher Ryan Keefe takes a critical look at the policies adopted by California in its attempt to achieve these long-term goals. Visitors can look over the complete document if they are so inclined, but there is a brief summary available as well. The paper provides a history of climate policy in California, sections on policy options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from automobiles, and new methods for evaluating California's light-duty transportation policies. Finally, the paper also includes a wealth of graphs, charts, and technical appendices.

  3. 76 FR 39864 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Dominion Gas Transmission, Inc.; Notice of Availability of the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-07

    ...Environmental Assessment for the Proposed Northeast Supply Diversification and Ellisburg to Craigs Projects The staff of the Federal...Pipeline Company's (TGP) proposed Northeast Supply Diversification Project (TGP's Project) and Dominion...

  4. Last Updated: 05.30.2013 Part I: California Uses for Natural Gas

    E-print Network

    Revised Demand Forecast Forms, 2012, Table A-8. http://www.energy.ca. into California. ** Includes transportation sector natural gas demand. Total natural gas consumed in-state has. 1 Compiled from Quarterly Fuel and Energy Reports for Demand (http://ecdms.energy

  5. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, Distributed Localization of Ultrasonic Sources of Gas Leak

    E-print Network

    California at Irvine, University of

    UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, IRVINE Distributed Localization of Ultrasonic Sources of Gas Leak OF FIGURES Page 1.1 A potential gas leak source at an industrial facility . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2 Testing with a nitrogen leak source . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 6.3 Decentralized vs

  6. 77 FR 9959 - Notice of Proposed Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 50123, California

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-21

    ...THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [CACA 50123, LLCA920000 L1310000 FI0000] Notice...Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 50123, California AGENCY: Bureau of Land...for reinstatement of oil and gas lease CACA 50123 from West Coast Land Service....

  7. 76 FR 66080 - Notice of Proposed Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 52030, California

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-25

    ...THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [CACA 52030, LLCA920000 L1310000 FI0000] Notice...Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 52030, California AGENCY: Bureau of Land...for reinstatement of oil and gas lease CACA 52030 from Plains Exploration &...

  8. 76 FR 22422 - Notice of Proposed Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 49187, California

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-21

    ...THE INTERIOR Bureau of Land Management [CACA 49187, LLCA920000 L1310000 FI0000] Notice...Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 49187, California AGENCY: Bureau of Land...for reinstatement of oil and gas lease CACA 49187 from Gasco Production Co. The...

  9. 77 FR 65909 - Southern California Edison Company; Establishment of Atomic Safety and Licensing Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-31

    ...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION...Edison Company (San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Units...Technical Specifications for Combustion Engineering Plants, NUREG-1432, for its San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station,...

  10. Assessment of Undiscovered Natural Gas Resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California, 2006

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Scheirer, Allegra Hosford; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Magoon, Leslie B.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Schenk, Christopher J.

    2007-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently completed a new assessment of undiscovered natural gas resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS mean estimates of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources are 534 billion cubic feet of natural gas and 323 thousand barrels of natural gas liquids in the Sacramento Basin Province. Additional undiscovered oil accumulations larger than 0.5 million barrels are considered unlikely.

  11. Trace gas and particulate emissions from the 2003 southern California wildfires

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Mühle; T. J. Lueker; Y. Su; B. R. Miller; K. A. Prather; R. F. Weiss

    2007-01-01

    In October 2003, thirteen major wildfires in southern California burned more than 300,000 hectares of mainly chaparral biome. High-precision in situ trace gas and particle measurements of the wildfire plumes in La Jolla, California, showed a high degree of correlation among carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nonmethane hydrocarbons, and methyl halide mixing ratios, as well as with particle number concentrations

  12. California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles (released in AEO2005)

    EIA Publications

    2005-01-01

    In July 2002, California Assembly Bill 1493 (A.B. 1493) was signed into law. The law requires that the California Air Resources Board (CARB) develop and adopt, by January 1, 2005, greenhouse gas emission standards for light-duty vehicles that provide the maximum feasible reduction in emissions. In estimating the feasibility of the standard, CARB is required to consider cost-effectiveness, technological capability, economic impacts, and flexibility for manufacturers in meeting the standard.

  13. 75 FR 12580 - Southern California Edison Company, San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Units 2 and 3...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-16

    ...Edison Company, San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Units...Significant Impact The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC...operation of the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Units...No changes to the National Pollution Discharge Elimination...

  14. Can private companies contribute to public programs' outreach efforts? Evidence from California.

    PubMed

    Jacobson, Mireille; Buchmueller, Thomas C

    2007-01-01

    We studied an innovative outreach effort in California, which trains and certifies community organizations to help complete Medicaid and State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) applications. In this paper we provide a detailed description of participating organizations, the populations they serve, and their success at turning submitted applications into enrollments. We found that insurance brokers and income tax preparers-for-profit groups that are not typically associated with outreach-make important contributions to Medicaid and SCHIP in California. Brokers, in particular, help serve a hard-to-reach population: those on the higher end of the income eligibility thresholds. PMID:17339684

  15. The necessary element: A very satisfied customer -- the gas company and you

    SciTech Connect

    Cosgrove, F.R.

    1996-12-31

    The once taboo subject of blasting near buried Natural Gas Pipelines has taken a different turn at one New England Gas Utility Company. Blasting to remove trench rock in close proximity to their facilities is rapidly becoming their most recommended method of choice as far as they are concerned. This method has become their method of choice because many projects were successfully completed due in part to a revised policy regarding blasting near their facilities that was implemented last year. The objective of this policy is to work cooperatively with the Blaster. By doing this, two very important and easily obtainable goals were established of which the first goal is to crete A Very Satisfied Customer -- The Blaster. By accomplishing this goal, a natural transition was made into their second goal which is to achieve a successful completion to the project at hand while maintaining a high level of safety. Both of these goals are met through a combined effort to treat each project as a separate project which has unique characteristics that are site specific and which require the three most important elements in all projects. These three elements are: Close Coordination, Cooperation and Communication by both the Blaster and The Gas Company.

  16. Improving Grid Performance with Electric Vehicle Charging 2011San Diego Gas & Electric Company. All copyright and trademark rights reserved.

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    DC fast-chargers · 380 All-electric Car-2-Go fleet · 2,030 on EV rate (includes NEV) As of SeptemberImproving Grid Performance with Electric Vehicle Charging © 2011San Diego Gas & Electric Company. All copyright and trademark rights reserved. #12;EVs are Grid Assets © 2012 San Diego Gas & Electric

  17. SURVEY OF FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION SYSTEMS: CANE RUN STATION, LOUISVILLE GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report gives results of a survey of operational flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired utility boilers in the U.S. The FGD systems installed on Units 4, 5, and 6 at the Cane Run Station are described in terms of design and performance. The Cane Run No. 4 FGD sys...

  18. Global Job Opportunities with a ``Super-Major'' Oil and Gas Company

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Baranovic, M. J.

    2001-12-01

    Shell International Exploration and Production Company is one of the world's largest private employers of geoscientists with approximately 1500 geophysicists and geologists employed worldwide. The companies of the Royal Dutch/Shell Group together produce, process, and deliver energy to consumers. Operating across the globe, in more than 130 countries and with more than 100,000 staff, Shell companies are guided by values developed over more than a century of successful enterprise. Responsibilities and Career Path - As a processing or research Geophysicist, you will use proprietary methods to prepare 2D and 3D seismic data volumes for the direct detection of hydrocarbons, the delineation of reservoirs or to define the stratigraphic and structural framework of the subsurface. As an exploration or development Geophysicist, your business will be finding commercially viable oil and gas reserves by using 3D seismic acquisition, processing, and interpretation techniques. Your advanced geological models of the subsurface will drive drilling proposals, optimizing appraisal of hydrocarbon resources. As a production or surveillance geophysicist, your 4D seismic interpretations and geological models will drive drilling proposals and optimize the production and depletion of existing oil and gas accumulations. Up to seven steps in the technical career ladder are possible. Team leader and management candidates are chosen from Shell's technical workforce based on technical and business acumen demonstrated on the job. Projects - Geophysicists work as part of multi-disciplinary teams on projects that typically last from 18 to 36 months. Teams are responsible for projects that may vary from \\$1 million to hundreds of millions in scope. Accountability and responsibility varies according to individual experience level and team structure. Lifestyle - Geophysicists are mainly office-based, with business travel requirements rarely exceeding 2 weeks per event. In the U.S., Shell allows flexible daily office hours, and employees may choose an optional 9-hour work schedule that provides alternate Fridays off. Company pension and benefit programs are competitive with the best that industry has to offer. Degree requirements: Shell recruits Geophysicists for the global staff pool from approximately 20 universities in the U.S. Universities are chosen based on the curriculum of the school, the size of the student enrollment, and the regional location of the school. Geophysicists generally must have at least an MS degree to qualify for Shell employment. Electrical Engineers and Physicists who are recruited as seismic processors are required to have at least a BS degree. Recruiting targets vary annually based on company need.

  19. Oil and gas markets, companies, and technology in the 1990`s and beyond

    SciTech Connect

    Kennedy, J.L.

    1995-08-01

    During the late 1990`s and beyond, oil prices will be stagnant while costs increase, competition for markets and capital will be fierce, funds available for exploration and development will be limited, and environmental extremists will keep prospective areas off-limits. Higher taxes will limit growth in oil and gas demand and reapportion energy market shares. And a campaign to brand oil use as an ``addiction`` that must be cured will gather steam. But opportunities abound, too, even in the US High-quality properties are available throughout the US, independents can find and develop reserves cheaper than the majors, and new tools are available to reduce risks both in the field and in the market. Gas prices are firming and natural gas is often labeled the ``fuel of the future.`` To succeed in the petroleum industry of the 1990`s, all companies must accept change, be creative, and take initiative. To prosper, oil and gas producers and refiners and those who supply and serve the industry must face the new realities of the market. They cannot mark time until the return of 4,000 active rigs and $40/bbl oil. those days are never coming back. Never.

  20. Integrated resource planning for local gas distribution companies: A critical review of regulatory policy issues

    SciTech Connect

    Harunuzzaman, M.; Islam, M.

    1994-08-01

    According to the report, public utility commissions (PUCs) are increasingly adopting, or considering the adoption of integrated resource planning (IRP) for local gas distribution companies (LDCs). The Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPAct) requires PUCs to consider IRP for gas LDCs. This study has two major objectives: (1) to help PUCs develop appropriate regulatory approaches with regard to IRP for gas LDCs; and (2) to help PUCs respond to the EPAct directive. The study finds that it is appropriate for PUCs to pursue energy efficiency within the traditional regulatory framework of minimizing private costs of energy production and delivery; and PUCs should play a limited role in addressing environmental externalities. The study also finds that in promoting energy efficiency, PUCs should pursue policies that are incentive-based, procompetitive, and sensitive to rate impacts. The study evaluates a number of traditional and nontraditional ratemaking mechanisms on the basis of cost minimization, energy efficiency, competitiveness, and other criteria. The mechanisms evaluated include direct recovery of DSM expenses, lost revenue adjustments for DSM options, revenue decoupling mechanisms, sharing of DSM cost savings, performance-based rate of return for DSM, provision of DSM as a separate service, deregulation of DSM service, price caps, and deregulation of the noncore gas market. The study concludes with general recommendations for regulatory approaches and ratemaking mechanisms that PUCs may wish to consider in advancing IRP objectives.

  1. Annotated bibliography: Fisheries Species and Oil/Gas Platforms, offshore California

    SciTech Connect

    Allen, M.J.; Cowen, R.K.; de Wit, L.A.; Kauwling, T.J.; Love, M.S.

    1987-02-01

    The document (MMS OCS Study 86-0092) is essentially an appendix to two other MMS reports, the Ecology of Important Fisheries Species Offshore California (MMS OCS Study 86-0093) and the Ecology of Oil/Gas Platforms Offshore California (MMS OCS Study MMS 86-0094). The document consists of more than 950 annotated citations of the biology and fisheries of 32 fish and invertebrate species of commercial and recreational importance in the marine waters of California. In the hard-copies provided to MMS, the citations are arranged alphabetically by the senior authors last names. The bibliography has also been provided on floppy disks for use with the Sci-Mate Software System (produced and registered by the Institute for Scientific Information) on IBM-PC compatible computers. In this format and using the Sci-Mate Manager, the bibliography can be updated as desired, and searched, sorted and retrieved by author, date, species names, and various key words.

  2. Evaluation of metrics and baselines for tracking greenhouse gas emissions trends: Recommendations for the California climate action registry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lynn Price; Scott Murtishaw; Ernst Worrell

    2003-01-01

    Executive Summary: The California Climate Action Registry, which was initially established in 2000 and began operation in Fall 2002, is a voluntary registry for recording annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The purpose of the Registry is to assist California businesses and organizations in their efforts to inventory and document emissions in order to establish a baseline and to document early

  3. Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 85-047-1632, General Telephone and Equipment Company, Carpenteria, California

    SciTech Connect

    Belanger, P.L.

    1985-11-01

    Environmental and breathing-zone samples were analyzed for methyl-chloroform, benzene, and mineral spirits at General Telephone and Equipment Company, Carpenteria, California in January, 1985. The evaluation was requested by a union local to investigate whether employees working in the switching offices were exposed to excessive concentrations of methyl-chloroform, bank cleaning fluid, or lubricant while cleaning and lubricating mechanical switches. Five workers were interviewed to determine if they experienced any symptoms of overexposure to solvents. All mineral spirits and methyl-chloroform concentrations were below their relevant standards. No benzene was detected. Two workers reported dizziness, headache, or finger numbness about 15 minutes after using methyl-chloroform to clean rotary switches. One worker reported white fingers after using methyl-chloroform. None of the workers were wearing protective equipment or clothing. The author concludes that no overexposure to organic solvents is occurring. The reported symptoms are consistent with solvent exposure, most probably dermal exposure to methyl-chloroform while cleaning rotary switches. Recommendations include providing periodic training in chemical handling and instructing workers on how to use barrier cream when handling methyl-chloroform.

  4. Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 86-339-1741, EMCO High Voltage Company, Sutter Creek, California

    SciTech Connect

    Belanger, P.L.

    1986-10-01

    Possible exposure to several chemical substances during the fabrication of power-supply modules was investigated at the EMCO High Voltage Company, Sutter Creek, California, at the request of an employee. Environmental air samples were collected during the coating and developing process and during the epoxy potting operation. Samples were analyzed for chlorobenzene and xylenes; no overexposures were registered. No overexposure was observed to butyl-glycidyl-ether and no detectable levels of epichlorohydrin, cyclohexanone, 2-methoxyethanol, or 2-ethoxyethanol were found. During the pot soldering operation there was a potential for exposure to the fluxing agent, 3% hydrochloric-acid, and the operator had complained of throat and nose irritation. The author recommends that the fabrication operator wear protective gloves during coating and developing of copper boards. Gloves and goggles should be worn when weighing out the sodium-persulfate and when removing panels from the bench top etcher. Local exhaust ventilation with a movable duct should be used during the pot soldering operation.

  5. Fifty-first annual report of the state oil and gas supervisor. [California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Murray-Aaron

    1965-01-01

    The major part of this section of the annual report is devoted to discussions of 6 individual Calfornia oil and gas fields and production drilling and development data in all the 6 districts of California. In addition, chapters dealing with tar sands and geothermal resources are included. The 6 individual fields discussed are the McKittrick, Midway-Sunset, Fruitvale, Newhall-Potrero, Oxnard, and

  6. Gas exchange on Mono Lake and Crowley Lake, California

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wanninkhof, Rik; Ledwell, James R.; Broecker, Wallace S.

    1987-01-01

    Gas exchange coefficients (k) have been determined for freshwater Crowley Lake and saline Mono Lake through the use of a man-made purposefully injected gas, SF6. The concentration decreased from an initial value of 40 to 4 pmol/L for Mono Lake and from 20 to 1 pmol/L for Crowley lake over a period of 6 wks. Wind-speed (u) records from anemometers on the shore of each lake made it possible to determine the relationship between k and u. The average u and k values for the experiment were identical for the two lakes, despite the large chemical differences. It is estimated that, for the u values observed over Mono Lake from July to December 1984, the exchange of CO2 occurred 2.5 times faster than without chemical enhancement. This is a factor of 4 lower than needed to explain the high invasion rate of C-14 produced by nuclear bomb tests.

  7. Carbon dioxide and helium emissions from a reservoir of magmatic gas beneath Mammoth Mountain, California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. L. Sorey; W. C. Evans; B. M. Kennedy; C. D. Farrar; L. J. Hainsworth; B. Hausback

    1998-01-01

    Carbon dioxide and helium with isotopic compositions indicative of a magmatic source (δthinsp¹³C=-4.5 to -5{per_thousand}, ³He\\/⁴He=4.5 to 6.7 R{sub A}) are discharging at anomalous rates from Mammoth Mountain, on the southwestern rim of the Long Valley caldera in eastern California. The gas is released mainly as diffuse emissions from normal-temperature soils, but some gas issues from steam vents or leaves

  8. Dynamic pricing of electricity in the mid-Atlantic region: econometric results from the Baltimore gas and electric company experiment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ahmad Faruqui; Sanem Sergici

    2011-01-01

    The Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGE) undertook a dynamic pricing experiment to test customer price responsiveness\\u000a to different dynamic pricing options. The pilot ran during the summers of 2008 and 2009 and was called the Smart Energy Pricing (SEP) Pilot. In 2008, it tested two types of dynamic pricing tariffs: critical peak pricing (CPP) and peak time rebate (PTR)

  9. DUAL ALKALI ACCEPTANCE TEST AT LOUISVILLE GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY; VOLUME I. ACCEPTANCE TEST AND APPENDICES A-C

    EPA Science Inventory

    The report gives results of the completed acceptance test series run on the dual alkali system serving Louisville Gas and Electric Company's Cane Run Unit 6 boiler. This volume contains the process description and a discussion of the test results, operating history, and performan...

  10. 77 FR 31001 - Southern Natural Gas Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-24

    ...Southern Natural Gas Company, L.L.C. (SNG) in Calhoun and Cleburne Counties, Alabama...you are contacted by a representative of SNG about the acquisition of an easement to...determined in accordance with state law. SNG provided landowners with a fact sheet...

  11. 21073CAMENABC 5/11 Anthem Blue Cross is the trade name of Blue Cross of California. Anthem Blue Cross and Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company are independent licensees of the Blue Cross Association.

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    21073CAMENABC 5/11 Anthem Blue Cross is the trade name of Blue Cross of California. Anthem Blue Cross and Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company are independent licensees of the Blue Cross Association. ® ANTHEM is a registered trademark of Anthem Insurance Companies, Inc. The Blue Cross

  12. Subsurface gas offshore of northern California and its link to submarine geomorphology

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Yun, J.W.; Orange, D.L.; Field, M.E.

    1999-01-01

    The northern California continental margin contains evidence of abundant subsurface gas and numerous seafloor features that suggest a causative link between gas expulsion and geomorphology. Analyses of seismic reflection, sidescan sonar, and high-resolution multibeam bathymetric data show that the occurrence of subbottom gas and the migration processes beneath the shelf differ from those beneath the slope. Subsurface gas, inferred from enhanced reflectors and other geophysical indicators, is spatially variable and related more to total depth and stratigraphy than to underlying structure, with the exception of one band of gas that follows the regional structural trend. Shallow depressions on the seafloor (pockmarks) are used to infer expulsion sites. The largest zone of acoustically impenetrable subsurface gas occurs between water depths of 100 m and 300 m, where expulsion features are rare. The upper slope (water depths 400-600 m) has a high concentration of pockmarks (diameter 10-20 m), in contrast to a near-absence of pockmarks at water depths shallower than 400 m. Of nearly 4000 pockmarks observed on sidescan sonar records, more than 95% are located in water depths deeper than 400 m. Bottom simulating reflectors (BSRs) on some seismic reflection profiles indicate the possible presence of gas hydrate. We find that gas and pore-fluid migration in the offshore Eel River Basin is: (1) correlated to surface morphology; (2) a contributor to seabed roughness; (3) a significant mode of sediment redistribution on the upper slope; and (4) potentially a factor in large slope failures.

  13. Observation of CH4 and other Non-CO2 Green House Gas Emissions from California

    SciTech Connect

    Fischer, Marc L.; Zhao, Chuanfeng; Riley, William J.; Andrews, Arlyn C.

    2009-01-09

    In 2006, California passed the landmark assembly bill AB-32 to reduce California's emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that contribute to global climate change. AB-32 commits California to reduce total GHG emissions to 1990 levels by 2020, a reduction of 25 percent from current levels. To verify that GHG emission reductions are actually taking place, it will be necessary to measure emissions. We describe atmospheric inverse model estimates of GHG emissions obtained from the California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Measurement (CALGEM) project. In collaboration with NOAA, we are measuring the dominant long-lived GHGs at two tall-towers in central California. Here, we present estimates of CH{sub 4} emissions obtained by statistical comparison of measured and predicted atmospheric mixing ratios. The predicted mixing ratios are calculated using spatially resolved a priori CH{sub 4} emissions and surface footprints, that provide a proportional relationship between the surface emissions and the mixing ratio signal at tower locations. The footprints are computed using the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) coupled to the Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport (STILT) model. Integral to the inverse estimates, we perform a quantitative analysis of errors in atmospheric transport and other factors to provide quantitative uncertainties in estimated emissions. Regressions of modeled and measured mixing ratios suggest that total CH{sub 4} emissions are within 25% of the inventory estimates. A Bayesian source sector analysis obtains posterior scaling factors for CH{sub 4} emissions, indicating that emissions from several of the sources (e.g., landfills, natural gas use, petroleum production, crops, and wetlands) are roughly consistent with inventory estimates, but livestock emissions are significantly higher than the inventory. A Bayesian 'region' analysis is used to identify spatial variations in CH{sub 4} emissions from 13 sub-regions within California. Although, only regions near the tower are significantly constrained by the tower measurements, CH{sub 4} emissions from the south Central Valley appear to be underestimated in a manner consistent with the under-prediction of livestock emissions. Finally, we describe a pseudo-experiment using predicted CH{sub 4} signals to explore the uncertainty reductions that might be obtained if additional measurements were made by a future network of tall-tower stations spread over California. These results show that it should be possible to provide high-accuracy estimates of surface CH{sub 4} emissions for multiple regions as a means to verify future emissions reductions.

  14. An international company`s gas strategy in the Far East and its related offshore operations: A case history

    SciTech Connect

    Duval, B.C.; Beuque, J.M.

    1995-12-01

    This exploration and production strategy for gas was first developed in the late 60`s when Indonesia was rightly perceived as being a country with large, geologically promising and almost untouched offshore acreage. First oil, and later gas, discoveries were made in the Mahakam Delta Basin of Kalimantan, and very large gas fields were developed in response to a fast growing market for LNG, especially in Japan and the Far East. Thereafter, a proactive search for opportunities in several countries was started, and this led to a concentration on fields in Thailand and Myanmar that had been already discovered but had not been developed because of specific technical difficulties and/or marketing uncertainties. The risks and challenges of these projects are discussed, including the replacement of reserves in a mature area (Mahakam), the production of thin, numerous and structurally complicated reservoirs (Bongkot, Thailand), and the resolution of commercial problems (Myonmar). These challenges were successfully dealt with by the application of a combination of modern geoscientific technologies, the integration of separate disciplines and the introduction of cost-reduction measures.

  15. Application of california ISO transmission economic assessment methodology (team) for the sunrise powerlink project

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ali Chowdhury; David Le

    2009-01-01

    This paper provides a summary of the application of California ISO approach in evaluating economic benefit of the Sunrise Powerlink transmission project, which was proposed by San Diego Gas & Electric Company (SDG&E). The California ISO (CAISO) applied its Transmission Economic Assessment Methodology (TEAM) in its original evaluation of the economic benefits of the Sunrise Powerlink Project. Five principles constitute

  16. 80 FR 20031 - Virgil C. Summer Nuclear Station, Units 2 and 3; South Carolina Electric & Gas Company; Tier 1...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2015-04-14

    The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is granting an exemption to allow a departure from the certification information of Tier 1 of the generic design control document (DCD) and issuing License Amendment No. 23 to Combined Licenses (COL), NPF-93 and NPF-94. The COLs were issued to South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (SCE&G), and South Carolina Public Service Authority (the licensee), for......

  17. Consumer Products Companies Company Website Headquarters

    E-print Network

    McGaughey, Alan

    .bsh-group.us Huntington Beach, CA Cadbury plc www.cadbury.com Uxbridge, UK California Oils Corporation www Diageo PLC www.diageo.com Stamford, CT Dole Food Company, Inc. www.dole.com Westlake Village, CA #12;Dr

  18. 76 FR 42725 - Notice of Availability of the Record of Decision for the Southern California Edison Company...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-19

    ...Devers-Palo Verde No. 2 Transmission Line Project, California AGENCY: Bureau...Devers-Palo Verde No. 2 Transmission Line Project located in southern California...230-mile-long, 500-kilovolt (kV) electrical transmission line between the SCE's Devers...

  19. Comparative evaluation of the impacts of domestic gas and electric heat pump heating on air pollution in California. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Ganji, A. [San Francisco State Univ., CA (United States). Div. of Engineering

    1992-07-01

    Residential space and water heating accounts for approximately 12% of California`s and 15% of the United States, energy consumption. most Of the residential heating is by direct use of natural gas. combustion of natural gas is a contributor to the overall air pollution,, especially CO and NO{sub x} in the urban areas. Another efficient method for domestic water and space heating is use of electric heat pumps, the most popular category of which uses air as its heat source. Electric heat pumps do not emit air pollutants at the point of use, but use electric power, which is a major contributor to air pollution at its point of generation from fossil fuels. It is the specific objective of this report to evaluate and compare the energy efficiency and source air pollutants of natural gas heaters and electric heat pumps used for domestic heating. Effect of replacing natural gas heaters with electric heat pumps on air pollutant emissions due to domestic heating in two urban areas and in California as a whole has also been evaluated. The analysis shows that with the present state of technology, electric heat pumps have higher heating efficiencies than natural gas heaters. Considering the current electricity generation mix in the US, electric heat pumps produce two to four times more NO{sub x}, much less CO, and comparable amount of CO{sub 2} per unit of useful heating energy compared to natural gas heaters. With California mix, electric heat pumps produce comparable NO{sub x} and much less CO and approximately 30% less CO{sub 2} per unit heat output. Replacement of natural gas heaters with electric heat pumps will slightly increase the overall NO{sub x}, and reduce CO and CO{sub 2} emissions in California. The effect of advanced technology power generation and heat pump heating has also been analyzed.

  20. Recovery Act: Brea California Combined Cycle Electric Generating Plant Fueled by Waste Landfill Gas

    SciTech Connect

    Galowitz, Stephen

    2012-12-31

    The primary objective of the Project was to maximize the productive use of the substantial quantities of waste landfill gas generated and collected at the Olinda Landfill near Brea, California. An extensive analysis was conducted and it was determined that utilization of the waste gas for power generation in a combustion turbine combined cycle facility was the highest and best use. The resulting Project reflected a cost effective balance of the following specific sub-objectives: • Meeting the environmental and regulatory requirements, particularly the compliance obligations imposed on the landfill to collect, process and destroy landfill gas • Utilizing proven and reliable technology and equipment • Maximizing electrical efficiency • Maximizing electric generating capacity, consistent with the anticipated quantities of landfill gas generated and collected at the Olinda Landfill • Maximizing equipment uptime • Minimizing water consumption • Minimizing post-combustion emissions • The Project produced and will produce a myriad of beneficial impacts. o The Project created 360 FTE construction and manufacturing jobs and 15 FTE permanent jobs associated with the operation and maintenance of the plant and equipment. o By combining state-of-the-art gas clean up systems with post combustion emissions control systems, the Project established new national standards for best available control technology (BACT). o The Project will annually produce 280,320 MWh’s of clean energy o By destroying the methane in the landfill gas, the Project will generate CO2 equivalent reductions of 164,938 tons annually. The completed facility produces 27.4 MWnet and operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

  1. 78 FR 49510 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-14

    ...LLC (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, filed in Docket No. CP13-526-000, a prior notice request...Pipeline Company, LLC, 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, or by calling (713) 420-3299 (telephone) or...

  2. 77 FR 23472 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-19

    ...C. (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, filed an application in the above referenced docket pursuant...Company, L.L.C., 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, by telephone at (713) 420-3299, by facsimile at...

  3. Effects of a ban on leasing the California Outer Continental Shelf on oil and gas development and the nation's economy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    U. Guerrieri; P. Kobrin; D. Ott; M. Rusin

    1985-01-01

    A critique of policies that would have prohibited the leasing of 6310 of California's offshore oil and gas tracts until after the year 2000 (except in a national emergency) examines the impacts of the proposal, which was subsequently withdrawn. The analysis uses the estimated production loss of 680,000 barrels per day to calculate jobs lost, government revenue lost, increases in

  4. Natural gas price increases in Los Angeles

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-07-31

    Natural gas price increases in recent years captured congressional and public attention. To determine which factors contributed to an average price increase of 61% in the Los Angeles, California, area between April 1981 and April 1983, GAO obtained and analyzed information from the distribution company which sells gas to retail customers in Los Angeles, the state agency which regulates it, and the distribution company's four principal pipeline company suppliers. GAO found that about three quarters of the price increase was due to: (1) the depletion of old and less expensive gas reserves and the addition of new and higher cost reserves; (2) price increases permitted by federal regulation; (3) increased imports of relatively expensive Canadian natural gas; (4) contract clauses affecting purchases by the distribution company and its pipeline suppliers; and (5) a decline in gas consumption which made purchasing patterns and company operations less efficient. The remaining increases stemmed from operating costs. 1 figure, 14 tables.

  5. Comparative evaluation of the impacts of domestic gas and electric heat pump heating on air pollution in California

    SciTech Connect

    Ganji, A. (San Francisco State Univ., CA (United States). Div. of Engineering)

    1992-07-01

    Residential space and water heating accounts for approximately 12% of California's and 15% of the United States, energy consumption. most Of the residential heating is by direct use of natural gas. combustion of natural gas is a contributor to the overall air pollution,, especially CO and NO{sub x} in the urban areas. Another efficient method for domestic water and space heating is use of electric heat pumps, the most popular category of which uses air as its heat source. Electric heat pumps do not emit air pollutants at the point of use, but use electric power, which is a major contributor to air pollution at its point of generation from fossil fuels. It is the specific objective of this report to evaluate and compare the energy efficiency and source air pollutants of natural gas heaters and electric heat pumps used for domestic heating. Effect of replacing natural gas heaters with electric heat pumps on air pollutant emissions due to domestic heating in two urban areas and in California as a whole has also been evaluated. The analysis shows that with the present state of technology, electric heat pumps have higher heating efficiencies than natural gas heaters. Considering the current electricity generation mix in the US, electric heat pumps produce two to four times more NO{sub x}, much less CO, and comparable amount of CO{sub 2} per unit of useful heating energy compared to natural gas heaters. With California mix, electric heat pumps produce comparable NO{sub x} and much less CO and approximately 30% less CO{sub 2} per unit heat output. Replacement of natural gas heaters with electric heat pumps will slightly increase the overall NO{sub x}, and reduce CO and CO{sub 2} emissions in California. The effect of advanced technology power generation and heat pump heating has also been analyzed.

  6. 76 FR 44324 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-25

    ...in place and by sale to Famcor Oil, Inc. (Famcor), a natural gas producer, a natural gas supply line located in San Jacinto and Liberty Counties, Texas, under Tennessee's blanket certificate issued in Docket No....

  7. 67 FR 4417 - Cargill, Incorporated, Complainant, v. Saltville Gas Storage Company, LLC, Respondent; Notice of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2002-01-30

    ...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. CP02-73-000] Cargill, Incorporated, Complainant, v. Saltville Gas...of Practice and Procedure, 18 CFR 385.206, Cargill, Incorporated, (Cargill) filed a Complaint against Saltville Gas...

  8. Enhancing the use of coals by gas reburning-sorbent injection: Volume 3 -- Gas reburning-sorbent injection at Edwards Unit 1, Central Illinois Light Company. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Design work has been completed for a Gas Reburning-Sorbent Injection (GR-SI) system to reduce emissions of NO{sub x} and SO{sub 2} from a wall fired unit at Central Illinois Light Company`s Edwards Station Unit 1, located in Bartonville, Illinois. The goal of the project was to reduce emissions of NO{sub x} by 60%, from the as found baseline of 0.98 lb/MBtu and to reduce emissions of SO{sub 2} by 50%. Since the unit currently fires a blend of high sulfur Illinois coal and low sulfur Kentucky coal to meet an SO{sub 2} limit of 1.8 lb/MBtu, the goal at this site was amended to meeting this limit while increasing the fraction of high sulfur coal to 57% from the current 15% level. GR-SI requires injection of natural gas into the furnace at the level of the top burner row, creating a fuel-rich zone in which NO{sub x} formed in the coal zone is reduced to N{sub 2}. Recycled flue gas is used to increase the reburning fuel jet momentum, resulting in enhanced mixing. Recycled flue gas is also used to cool the top row of burners which would not be in service during GR operation. Dry hydrated lime sorbent is injected into the upper furnace to react with SO{sub 2}, forming solid CaSO{sub 4} and CaSO{sub 3}, which are collected by the ESP. The system was designed to inject sorbent at a rate corresponding to a calcium (sorbent) to sulfur (coal) molar ratio of 2.0. The SI system design was optimized with respect to gas temperature, injection air flow rate, and sorbent dispersion. Sorbent injection air flow is equal to 3% of the combustion air. The design includes modifications of the ESP, sootblowing, and ash handling systems.

  9. Indoor Radon Gas Management For Multi-Site Companies: How To Screen For Potentially High-Risk Sites By Studying The Local Geology

    SciTech Connect

    Ruggeri, Rudi; Gigliuto, Andrea; Minnei, Tiziana; Savini, Raffaella [ENSR Italia S.r.l., Via Francesco Ferrucci 17/A, 20145 Milano (Italy)

    2008-08-07

    In this article, ENSR presents an evaluation tool for Radon gas monitoring programs that companies with large portfolios of properties will find useful in reducing their efforts and expenditures. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers Radon gas the second cause of lung cancer and the first source of natural radiations affecting the human population. In Italy, Legal Decree No. 230 (0/17/95) is the laws that regulate gas Radon concentrations in work places. Hereunder we present the ENSR approach to executing preliminary geologic studies aimed at planning an instrumental monitoring program for companies.

  10. 78 FR 41391 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Application Amendment Accepted for Filing and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-10

    ...and Electric Company (PG&E). e. Name of Project: Lower Drum Project. The four developments that would be included in the Lower Drum Project are currently part of the existing Drum-Spaulding Project (Project No. 2310-193), which...

  11. Carbon dioxide and helium emissions from a reservoir of magmatic gas beneath Mammoth Mountain, California

    SciTech Connect

    Sorey, M.L.; Evans, W.C. [U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California (United States)] Kennedy, B.M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California (United States)] Farrar, C.D. [U.S. Geological Survey, Carnelian Bay, California (United States)] Hainsworth, L.J. [Chemistry Department, Emory and Henry College, Emory, Virginia (United States)] Hausback, B. [Geology Department, California State University, Sacramento

    1998-07-01

    Carbon dioxide and helium with isotopic compositions indicative of a magmatic source ({delta}thinsp{sup 13}C={minus}4.5 to {minus}5{per_thousand}, {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He=4.5 to 6.7 R{sub A}) are discharging at anomalous rates from Mammoth Mountain, on the southwestern rim of the Long Valley caldera in eastern California. The gas is released mainly as diffuse emissions from normal-temperature soils, but some gas issues from steam vents or leaves the mountain dissolved in cold groundwater. The rate of gas discharge increased significantly in 1989 following a 6-month period of persistent earthquake swarms and associated strain and ground deformation that has been attributed to dike emplacement beneath the mountain. An increase in the magmatic component of helium discharging in a steam vent on the north side of Mammoth Mountain, which also began in 1989, has persisted until the present time. Anomalous CO{sub 2} discharge from soils first occurred during the winter of 1990 and was followed by observations of several areas of tree kill and/or heavier than normal needlecast the following summer. Subsequent measurements have confirmed that the tree kills arc associated with CO{sub 2} concentrations of 30{endash}90{percent} in soil gas and gas flow rates of up to 31,000 gthinspm{sup {minus}2}thinspd{sup {minus}1} at the soil surface. Each of the tree-kill areas and one area of CO{sub 2} discharge above tree line occurs in close proximity to one or more normal faults, which may provide conduits for gas flow from depth. We estimate that the total diffuse CO{sub 2} flux from the mountain is approximately 520 t/d, and that 30{endash}50 t/d of CO{sub 2} are dissolved in cold groundwater flowing off the flanks of the mountain. Isotopic and chemical analyses of soil and fumarolic gas demonstrate a remarkable homogeneity in composition, suggesting that the CO{sub 2} and associated helium and excess nitrogen may be derived from a common gas reservoir whose source is associated with some combination of magmatic degassing and thermal metamorphism of metasedimentary rocks. Furthermore, N{sub 2}/Ar ratios and nitrogen isotopic values indicate that the Mammoth Mountain gases are derived from sources separate from those that supply gas to the hydrothermal system within the Long Valley caldera. Various data suggest that the Mammoth Mountain gas reservoir is a large, low-temperature cap over an isolated hydrothermal system, that it predates the 1989 intrusion, and that it could remain a source of gas discharge for some time. {copyright} 1998 American Geophysical Union

  12. The Relationship Between the Dust and Gas-Phase CO Across the California Molecular Cloud

    E-print Network

    Kong, S; Lada, E A; Román-Zúñiga, C; Bieging, J H; Lombardi, M; Forbrich, J; Alves, J F

    2015-01-01

    A deep, wide-field, near-infrared imaging survey was used to construct an extinction map of the southeastern part of the California Molecular Cloud (CMC) with $\\sim$ 0.5 arc min resolution. The same region was also surveyed in the $^{12}$CO(2-1), $^{13}$CO(2-1), C$^{18}$O(2-1) emission lines at the same angular resolution. Strong spatial variations in the abundances of $^{13}$CO and C$^{18}$O were found to be correlated with variations in gas temperature, consistent with temperature dependent CO depletion/desorption on dust grains. The $^{13}$CO to C$^{18}$O abundance ratio was found to increase with decreasing extinction, suggesting selective photodissociation of C$^{18}$O by the ambient UV radiation field. The cloud averaged X-factor is found to be $$ $=$ 2.53 $\\times$ 10$^{20}$ ${\\rm cm}^{-2}~({\\rm K~km~s}^{-1})^{-1}$, somewhat higher than the Milky Way average. On sub-parsec scales we find no single empirical value of the X-factor that can characterize the molecular gas in cold (T$_{\\rm k}$ $\\lesssim$ 15 ...

  13. The Relationship between the Dust and Gas-Phase CO across the California Molecular Cloud

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kong, S.; Lada, C. J.; Lada, E. A.; Román-Zúñiga, C.; Bieging, J. H.; Lombardi, M.; Forbrich, J.; Alves, J. F.

    2015-05-01

    We present results of an extinction-CO line survey of the southeastern part of the California molecular cloud (CMC). Deep, wide-field, near-infrared images were used to construct a sensitive, relatively high resolution (?0.5 arcmin) (NICEST) extinction map of the region. The same region was also surveyed in the 12CO(2–1), 13CO(2–1), and C18O(2–1) emission lines at the same angular resolution. These data were used to investigate the relation between the molecular gas, traced by CO emission lines, and the dust column density, traced by extinction, on spatial scales of 0.04 pc across the cloud. We found strong spatial variations in the abundances of 13CO and C18O that were correlated with variations in gas temperature, consistent with temperature-dependent CO depletion/desorption on dust grains. The 13CO-to-C18O abundance ratio was found to increase with decreasing extinction, suggesting selective photodissociation of C18O by the ambient UV radiation field. The effect is particularly pronounced in the vicinity of an embedded cluster where the UV radiation appears to have penetrated deeply (i.e., {{A}V} ? 15 mag) into the cloud. We derived the cloud-averaged X-factor to be < XCO > = 2.53 × 1020 c{{m}-2}{{?ft( K km {{s}-1} \\right)}-1}, a value somewhat higher than the Milky Way average. On sub-parsec scales we find there is no single empirical value of the 12CO X-factor that can characterize the molecular gas in cold (Tk ? 15 K) cloud regions, with XCO ? AV0.74 for {{A}V} ? 3 mag. However, in regions containing relatively hot (Tex ? 25 K) molecular gas we find a clear correlation between W(12CO) and {{A}V} over a large (3 ? {{A}V} ? 25 mag) range of extinction. This results in a constant XCO = 1.5 × 1020 c{{m}-2} {{?ft( K km {{s}-1} \\right)}-1} for the hot gas, a lower value than either the average for the CMC or the Milky Way. Overall we find an (inverse) correlation between XCO and Tex in the cloud with XCO ? Tex -0.7. This correlation suggests that the global X-factor of a giant molecular cloud may depend on the relative amounts of hot gas contained within the cloud.

  14. Geostatistical Analysis of Tritium, 3H/3He Age and Noble Gas Derived Parameters in California Groundwater

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Visser, A.; Singleton, M. J.; Moran, J. E.; Fram, M. S.; Kulongoski, J. T.; Esser, B. K.

    2014-12-01

    Key characteristics of California groundwater systems related to aquifer vulnerability, sustainability, recharge locations and mechanisms, and anthropogenic impact on recharge, are revealed in a spatial geostatistical analysis of the data set of tritium, dissolved noble gas and helium isotope analyses collected for the California State Water Resources Control Board's Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) and California Aquifer Susceptibility (CAS) programs. Over 4,000 tritium and noble gas analyses are available from wells across California. 25% of the analyzed samples contained less than 1 pCi/L indicating recharge occurred before 1950. The correlation length of tritium concentration is 120 km. Nearly 50% of the wells show a significant component of terrigenic helium. Over 50% of these samples show a terrigenic helium isotope ratio (Rter) that is significantly higher than the radiogenic helium isotope ratio (Rrad = 2×10-8). Rter values of more than three times the atmospheric isotope ratio (Ra = 1.384×10-6) are associated with known faults and volcanic provinces in Northern California. In the Central Valley, Rter varies from radiogenic to 2.25 Ra, complicating 3H/3He dating. The Rter was mapped by kriging, showing a correlation length of less than 50 km. The local predicted Rter was used to separate tritiogenic from atmospheric and terrigenic 3He. Regional groundwater recharge areas, indicated by young groundwater ages, are located in the southern Santa Clara Basin and in the upper LA basin and in the eastern San Joaquin Valley and along unlined canals carrying Colorado River water. Recharge in California is dominated by agricultural return flows, river recharge and managed aquifer recharge rather than precipitation excess. Combined application of noble gases and other groundwater tracers reveal the impact of engineered groundwater recharge and prove invaluable for the study of complex groundwater systems. This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. DOE by LLNL under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. LLNL-ABS-658313

  15. Water and gas seepage at the Salton Sea Geothermal System (California, USA)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazzini, A.; Svensen, H.; Polteau, S.; Planke, S.

    2009-04-01

    The Davis-Schrimpf seep field (Salton Sea, California) represents an ideal site for investigating the activity of hydrothermal systems. At this site, dozens of seeps (gryphons-pools) constantly expel water, mud, gas, and petroleum-fluids. We have conducted a long term monitoring on water and gas geochemistry of fluids erupted as well as annual temperature records. The fluids geochemistry and the temperature vary significantly at closely spaced locations and the water content present in the seeps acts as a key factor. The water salinity varies between fresh (1-3 g/L) in the gryphons, to hypersaline brine (145 g/L) in the pools. The gas emitted by the main vents revealed a composition averagely dominated by C02 (up to 99%) with smaller contributions of CH4. The seep waters represent meteoric waters modified by surface evaporation, with little or no evidence for a deep hydrothermal component. Seep gases, on the other hand, have a deep metamorphic/mantle origin. Temperature monitoring shows that gryphons are dominated by hydrothermal input and the pools by diurnal variations in air temperature. More recently we have conducted a broad investigation of the flux of CO2 and CH4 on a 20x20m meters grid covering a surface of over 20,000 square meters. The survey area extends over the main focussed vents and the results show that a considerable amount of CO2 and is constantly seeping through microseepage. Locally CH4 also exhibits areas with strong microseepage mainly where higher temperatures and surface minerals precipitations occur. These data reveal how important is the effect of microseepage when calculating global budgets of CO2 emissions in hydrothermal fields.

  16. Market entry mode and competency building of Western oil companies in the Russian up stream oil and gas industry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stephenson, Paul M.

    This dissertation investigated the market entry and competency building strategies within the context of the Russian oil and gas industry. The study was designed to be of interest to business practitioners and academics given the growing importance of fossil fuel in the energy balance of the global economy and the importance of Russia as a supplier and purchaser in the international market. The study's mixed methodology provides an understanding on the environmental factors that are postulated to impact foreign direct investment flow into Russia and the oil and gas sector. A case study of a fictitiously named Western-Russo oil company was conducted to provide a deep understanding of how capability is viewed by Russian and Western employees and the factors that influences the implementation of a successful competency development program. The case was centered on the development of a Well-Site supervisor group within a Western-Russian oil company. Findings of the study showed that there was no correlation between corruption and foreign direct investment inflow into the Russian economy. The findings also showed that both Russian and Western employees in the oil and gas industry are less focused on nontechnical competency development issues, that Western employees are more orientated towards the bottom-line than Russian employees, and that both groups see operational management as a core competency. In the area of financial management and technology application, there were significant differences in the viewpoint of both groups. Western employees saw a stronger need for financial management and less need for technology application when compared to their Russian counterparts. The results have implications for Western business contemplating entering the Russian oil and gas industry. Western firms need to understand the key drivers that will help them overcome the social and cultural barriers between Western and Russian employees. The role of the company leader is very critical. The vision, passion, and a sense of realism of the person responsible for the market entry strategy will have a significant impact of the future success of the entry.

  17. Outsourcing of common industry data within a major oil and gas exploration company

    SciTech Connect

    Hude, C.G. (Amoco Production Company, Houston, TX (United States)); Glover, S. (Petroleum Information Corp., Denver, CO (United States))

    1993-09-01

    Enhancing user productivity while reducing internal costs through improved accessibility and virtual elimination of data and software maintenance were the initial goals of this project. We achieved these objectives through the outsourcing of common well and production data with a major vendor. In this paper, we outline the changing internal business operations of a major oil company and its associated vendor relationship. The goals of this project were multifold: provide our users with real-time access to nationwide well and production data, eliminate data and system software maintenance and support, redeploy computer system resources and personnel for use elsewhere within the organization, and continue to provide users with the same level of service at less cost. We established a satisfactory interface between the users and the vendor database by employing existing technology. A mainframe-to-mainframe connection was established by installing a leased line between the two host sites. This allowed both companies to use existing network facilities with minimal modifications to each operating environment. This project was begun successfully in a relatively short time. Due to the success of this project, we are evaluating adding company proprietary data. However, because technology and requirements change, relational delivery of the data within a workstation/server environment can be addressed within this framework.

  18. Enhancing the use of coals by gas reburning-sorbent injection. Volume 3, Gas reburning-sorbent injection at Edwards Unit 1, Central Illinois Light Company

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1994-10-01

    Design work has been completed for a Gas Reburning-Sorbent Injection (GR-SI) system to reduce emissions of NO{sub x}, and SO{sub 2} from a wall fired unit. A GR-SI system was designed for Central Illinois Light Company`s Edwards Station Unit 1, located in Bartonville, Illinois. The unit is rated at 117 MW(e) (net) and is front wall fired with a pulverized bituminous coal blend. The goal of the project was to reduce emissions of NO{sub x} by 60%, from the ``as found`` baseline of 0.98 lb/MBtu (420 mg/MJ), and to reduce emissions of S0{sub 2} by 50%. Since the unit currently fires a blend of high sulfur Illinois coal and low sulfur Kentucky coal to meet an S0{sub 2} limit Of 1.8 lb/MBtu (770 mg/MJ), the goal at this site was amended to meeting this limit while increasing the fraction of high sulfur coal to 57% from the current 15% level. GR-SI requires injection of natural gas into the furnace at the level of the top burner row, creating a fuel-rich zone in which NO{sub x} formed in the coal zone is reduced to N{sub 2}. The design natural gas input corresponds to 18% of the total heat input. Burnout (overfire) air is injected at a higher elevation to burn out fuel combustible matter at a normal excess air level of 18%. Recycled flue gas is used to increase the reburning fuel jet momentum, resulting in enhanced mixing. Recycled flue gas is also used to cool the top row of burners which would not be in service during GR operation. Dry hydrated lime sorbent is injected into the upper furnace to react with S0{sub 2}, forming solid CaSO{sub 4} and CaSO{sub 3}, which are collected by the ESP. The SI system design was optimized with respect to gas temperature, injection air flow rate, and sorbent dispersion. Sorbent injection air flow is equal to 3% of the combustion air. The design includes modifications of the ESP, sootblowing, and ash handling systems.

  19. 76 FR 37109 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Environmental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-24

    ...provide about 451 million standard cubic feet of natural gas per day to Transco's existing mainline system from the Clean Energy LNG import terminal currently under construction in Pascagoula, Mississippi, with existing capacity on...

  20. 75 FR 54618 - CAlifornians for Renewable Energy, Inc. (CARE) v. Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Southern...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-08

    ...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket...EL10-84-000] CAlifornians for Renewable Energy, Inc. (CARE) v. Pacific Gas...2010), CAlifornians for Renewable Energy, Inc. (Complainant)...

  1. 75 FR 66744 - Californians for Renewable Energy, Inc. (CARE) v. Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Southern...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-29

    ...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket...EL10-84-001] Californians for Renewable Energy, Inc. (CARE) v. Pacific Gas...CFR 385.215, CAlifornians for Renewable Energy, Inc. (Complainant)...

  2. 75 FR 80045 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, Kinetica Partners, LLC; Notice of Application and Petition for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-21

    ...abandon by sale certain natural gas facilities located offshore in the Gulf of Mexico and onshore in the State of...three separation and dehydration facilities, and six offshore platforms. Kinetica asks that the Commission declare that...

  3. Analyses of Gas, Steam and Water Samples Collected in and Around Lassen Volcanic National Park, California, 1975-2002

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Janik, Cathy J.; Bergfeld, Deborah

    2010-01-01

    This report contains physical and chemical data from gas, steam, and water samples collected between July 1975 and September 2002 from locations in and around Lassen Volcanic National Park, California. Data are compiled as tables in Excel spreadsheets and are organized by locale. Most data are keyed to 1 of 107 site codes that are shown on local- and regional-scale maps. Brief descriptions of terminology, sampling, and analytical methods are provided.

  4. Evidence of injury caused by gas bubbles in a live marine mammal: barotrauma in a California sea lion Zalophus californianus.

    PubMed

    Van Bonn, W; Montie, E; Dennison, S; Pussini, N; Cook, P; Greig, D; Barakos, J; Colegrove, K; Gulland, F

    2011-09-01

    A yearling male California sea lion Zalophus californianus with hypermetric ataxia and bilateral negative menace reflexes was brought to The Marine Mammal Center, Sausalito, California, U.S.A., in late 2009 for medical assessment and treatment. The clinical signs were due to multiple gas bubbles within the cerebellum. These lesions were intraparenchymal, multifocal to coalescing, spherical to ovoid, and varied from 0.5 to 2.4 cm diameter. The gas composed 21.3% of the total cerebellum volume. Three rib fractures were also noted during diagnostic evaluation and were presumed to be associated with the gas bubbles in the brain. The progression of clinical signs and lesion appearance were monitored with magnetic resonance imaging, cognitive function testing and computed tomography. Gas filled voids in the cerebellum were filled with fluid on follow up images. Clinical signs resolved and the sea lion was released with a satellite tag attached. Post release the animal travelled approximately 75 km north and 80 km south of the release site and the tag recorded dives of over 150 m depth. The animal re-stranded 25 d following release and died of a subacute bronchopneumonia and pleuritis. This is the first instance of clinical injury due to gas bubble formation described in a living pinniped and the first sea lion with quantifiable cerebellar damage to take part in spatial learning and memory testing. PMID:22013748

  5. Regulatory reform for natural gas pipelines: The effect on pipeline and distribution company share prices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jurman, Elisabeth Antonie

    1997-08-01

    The natural gas shortages in the 1970s focused considerable attention on the federal government's role in altering energy consumption. For the natural gas industry these shortages eventually led to the passage of the Natural Gas Policy Act (NGPA) in 1978 as part of the National Energy Plan. A series of events in the decade of the 1980s has brought about the restructuring of interstate natural gas pipelines which have been transformed by regulators and the courts from monopolies into competitive entities. This transformation also changed their relationship with their downstream customers, the LDCs, who no longer had to deal with pipelines as the only merchants of gas. Regulatory reform made it possible for LDCs to buy directly from producers using the pipelines only for delivery of their purchases. This study tests for the existence of monopoly rents by analyzing the daily returns of natural gas pipeline and utility industry stock price data from 1982 to 1990, a period of regulatory reform for the natural gas industry. The study's main objective is to investigate the degree of empirical support for claims that regulatory reforms increase profits in the affected industry, as the normative theory of regulation expects, or decrease profits, as advocates of the positive theory of regulation believe. I also test Norton's theory of risk which predicts that systematic risk will increase for firms undergoing deregulation. Based on a sample of twelve natural gas pipelines, and 25 utilities an event study concept was employed to measure the impact of regulatory event announcements on daily natural gas pipeline or utility industry stock price data using a market model regression equation. The results of this study provide some evidence that regulatory reforms did not increase the profits of pipeline firms, confirming the expectations of those who claim that excess profits result from regulation and will disappear, once that protection is removed and the firms are operating in competitive markets. The study's empirical findings support the claims of Norton's risk theory that systematic risk is higher in unregulated firms.

  6. 75 FR 3232 - Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-20

    ...the Commission's regulations under the Natural Gas Act for authorization to increase its maximum storage capacity at its Redfield Storage Field in Dallas County, Iowa from 130.551 Bcf to 133.750 Bcf to provide interruptible storage service, all...

  7. California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles (Update) (released in AEO2006)

    EIA Publications

    2006-01-01

    The state of California was given authority under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90) to set emissions standards for light-duty vehicles that exceed federal standards. In addition, other states that do not comply with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) set by the Environmental Protection Agency under CAAA90 were given the option to adopt Californias light-duty vehicle emissions standards in order to achieve air quality compliance. CAAA90 specifically identifies hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, and NOx as vehicle-related air pollutants that can be regulated. California has led the nation in developing stricter vehicle emissions standards, and other states have adopted the California standards.

  8. Public health assessment for Stoker Company, Imperial, Imperial County, California, Region 9. Cerclis No. CAD066635442. Preliminary report

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1994-01-06

    Stoker Company is a pesticide dealer and crop dusting loading facility located in the County of Imperial, approximately 25 miles from the Mexican border. The 26-acre site is barren with no vegetation. Operations at the facility, beginning in 1966, have caused the surface soil over much of the site to be contaminated with pesticides. Some of the contaminated surface soil has blown off-site and impacted nearby surface soil and surface water. This preliminary public health assessment evaluated the potential for adverse health effects to occur in five populations identified as being impacted by contaminants. The impacted populations include: (1) on-site workers; (2) the family formerly living on the neighboring D K property; (3) the D K Duck Hunting Club members; (4) individuals using untreated surface water for drinking and/or other domestic purposes; and (5) individuals living or working near crop dusting operations. Based on this assessment, Stoker Company is considered to pose a public health hazard because long-term exposure to site-related contaminants may cause adverse health effects.

  9. Heat-pump-centered integrated community energy systems: Systems development, Consolidated Natural Gas Service Company

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. R. Baker; T. D. Donakowski; R. B. Foster; D. L. Sala; R. R. Tison; T. P. Whaley; B. D. Yudow; P. F. Swenson

    1980-01-01

    The heat actuated heat pump centered integrated community energy system (HAHP-ICES) is described. The system utilizes a gas fired, engine-driven, heat pump and commercial buildings, and offers several advantages over the more conventional equipment it is intended to supplant. The general nonsite specific application assumes a hypothetical community of one 59,000 cu ft office building and five 24 unit, low

  10. Analysis of audit risk in associating with reserve information of oil and gas companies

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, P.L.

    1983-01-01

    The relationship between audit risk and the conduct of the audit engagement in the specific context of an oil and gas audit was investigated. Because reserve estimates are in the financial reports of oil and gas entities and because the reserve-estimation process is considerably affected by numerous factors, there is a chance that a material error could be incorporated into the financial statement representation with which the auditor is associated. The objective ofthe research was to 1) identify conditions which are important in an assessment of audit risk in associating with reserve estimates, and 2) determine the impact of some of these conditions on the conduct of the audit. A questionnaire was developed asking participants to evaluate the relative importance of each indicator in risk assessment. An analysis of the responses provided confirmation and reduction of the audit risk indicators into a small number for further study. In a second phase, the audit risk, the risk levels, and the possible changes were formulated into another questionnaire in which respondents were asked to indicate the likelihood of making each specific change at each risk level. The questionnaire responses were analyzed using both nonparametric statistics and categoric regression techniques. The results of the questionnaire strongly support the research hypothesis that in the context of an oil and gas audit, as risk increases an auditor will change the conduct of the audit.

  11. The development of environmental sensitivity map within the Indonesian state oil and gas company

    SciTech Connect

    Putri, E.T.

    1996-11-01

    The Petroleum Industry has been one of the backbone of the Indonesian Economic Development since the first Five Year Development Plan (1969/1970 - 1974/1975). Its contribution to Gross National Product (GNP) ranges from 40 to 70 percent. In addition, this industry has substantially generated foreign exchange earnings through Oil and Gas exports. In spite of these positive contributions, without proper management, the petroleum industry an generate a negative impact on physical surroundings, habitat disruption and the social environment. The sources may come from operational activities (e.g., discharged of produced water) and accidents, such as tanker collisions, or well blow outs. A major constraint in managing adverse environmental impact is the unavailability of an integrated information system covering the potential risk of environmental degradations, which is impacted by oil industry activities. It is obvious that operators, who are responsible for assessing the impact of an oil spill or providing oil spill combating assistance, consistent with the oil spill contingency plan strategy, require specific tools and relevant information, such as, environmental sensitivity mapping. This paper represents the results from a recent pilot project carried out by PERTAMINA, on the study of environmental sensitivity mapping associated with construction and commissioning of PERTAMINA new Refinery at Balongan (Indramayu County, West Java Province). The objective of this study is to identify the coastal resources that have ecosystem sensitivity to oil spills and other discharges from oil and gas industry activities. This study was achieved through the integration of data collecting, the use of a simulation database and GIS (Geographical Information System). It is expected that this pilot project will be used as a model for other relevant PERTAMINA activities in the coastal area.

  12. Digital tabulation of stratigraphic data from oil and gas wells in Cuyama Valley and surrounding areas, central California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sweetkind, Donald S.; Bova, Shiera C.; Langenheim, Victoria E.; Shumaker, Lauren E.; Scheirer, Daniel S.

    2013-01-01

    Stratigraphic information from 391 oil and gas exploration wells from Cuyama Valley, California, and surrounding areas are herein compiled in digital form from reports that were released originally in paper form. The Cuyama Basin is located within the southeasternmost part of the Coast Ranges and north of the western Transverse Ranges, west of the San Andreas fault. Knowledge of the location and elevation of stratigraphic tops of formations throughout the basin is a first step toward understanding depositional trends and the structural evolution of the basin through time, and helps in understanding the slip history and partitioning of slip on San Andreas and related faults.

  13. Natural Gas Variability In California: Environmental Impacts And Device Performance Combustion Modeling of Pollutant Emissions From a Residential Cooking Range

    SciTech Connect

    Tonse, S. R.; Singer, B. C.

    2011-07-01

    As part of a larger study of liquefied natural gas impacts on device performance and pollutant emissions for existing equipment in California, this report describes a cmoputer modeling study of a partially premixed flame issueing from a single cooktop burner port. The model consisted of a reactive computational fluid dynamics three-dimensional spatial grid and a 71-species chemical mechanism with propane combustion capability. Simulations were conducted with a simplified fuel mixture containing methane, ethane, and propane in proportions that yield properties similar to fuels distributed throughout much of California now and in recent years (baseline fuel), as well as with two variations of simulated liquefied natural gas blends. A variety of simulations were conducted with baseline fuel to explore the effect of several key parameters on pollutant formation and other flame characteristics. Simulations started with fuel and air issuing through the burner port, igniting, and continuing until the flame was steady with time. Conditions at this point were analyzed to understand fuel, secondary air and reaction product flows, regions of pollutant formation, and exhaust concentrations of carbon monoxide, nitric oxide and formaldehyde. A sensitivity study was conducted, varying the inflow parameters of this baseline gs about real-world operating conditions. Flame properties responded as expected from reactive flow theory. In the simulation, carbon monoxide levels were influenced more by the mixture's inflow velocity than by the gas-to-air ratio in the mixture issuing from the inflow port. Additional simulations were executed at two inflow conditions - high heat release and medium heat release - to examine the impact of replacing the baseline gas with two mixtures representative of liquefied natural gas. Flame properties and pollutant generation rates were very similar among the three fuel mixtures.

  14. 4. Historic American Buildings Survey American Trust Company File CalPictures ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. Historic American Buildings Survey American Trust Company File Cal-Pictures June 1959 CALIFORNIA STREET ELEVATION - Bank Building, California & Liedesdorff Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  15. Controlled Landfill Project in Yolo County, California for Environmental Benefits of Waste Stabilization and Minimization of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yazdani, R.; Augenstein, D.; Kieffer, J.; Cohen, K.

    2003-12-01

    The Department of Public Works of Yolo County, California, USA has been testing an advanced approach to landfill bioreactors, controlled (or "enhanced") landfilling, at its Yolo County Central Landfill site near Davis, CA, since 1994. Overall objectives have been the management of waste landfilling for: (1) rapid completion of total gas generation; (2) maximum, high-efficiency gas capture; (3) waste volume reduction; and (4) maximum greenhouse gas and carbon sequestration benefits. Methane generation is controlled and enhanced through carefully managed moisture additions, and by taking advantage of landfill temperature elevation. The generated landfill methane, an important greenhouse gas, is recovered with high efficiency through extraction from a porous recovery layer beneath a surface geomembrane cover. Instrumentation included a total of 56 moisture and 15 temperature sensors in the two cells, gas flow monitoring by positive displacement gas meters, and accurate quantification of liquid inputs and outputs. Gas composition, waste volume reduction, base hydrostatic head, and a range of environmental compliance parameters has been monitored since 1995. Partitioning gas tracer tests using the injection of two gases at dilute concentrations in the landfill have also been initiated to compute the fraction of pore space occupied by water between the points of tracer injection and tracer measurement. There has been rapid waste volume reduction in the enhanced cell that corresponds to the solids' reduction to gas. Monitoring is planned for the next several years, until stabilization parameters are determined complete. Encouraging performance is indicated by: (1) sensor data; (2) gas generation results; (3) data from landfill cores; and (4) decomposition-related indicators including rapid volume reduction. When data are synthesized, project results have attractive implications for new approaches to landfill management. Over seven-years, methane recoveries have averaged over fivefold the "typical" values for comparable landfill waste. In terms of "greenhouse benefit," fractional VOC and methane energy recovery are estimated to exceed 90%, with corresponding methane and VOC emission reductions. Analyses done for the greenhouse gas mitigation program of the U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory indicate favorable economics justified on landfill life extension, as well as environmental benefits. The "controlled landfill" project findings suggest potential for low-cost mitigation of waste greenhouse methane emissions, maximum landfill carbon sequestration, and maximization of beneficial energy capture from landfills. Details and results obtained since 1994 will be presented.

  16. Gas injection with radioactive tracer to determine reservoir continuity, East Coalinga field, California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tinker

    1972-01-01

    The Temblor Zone II reservoir consists of intervals of movable oil associated with intervals of high gas saturation or desaturated intervals. Natural gas injection into these desaturated intervals, using tritium and krypton as radioactive tracers has served to determine reservoir continuity. In these example cases, the desaturated intervals contained nearly all carbon dioxide gas. The injection tests also have furnished

  17. Final environmental impact report. Part I. Pacific Gas and Electric Company Geysers Unit 16, Geothermal Power Plant, Lake County, California

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-03-01

    The environmental analysis includes the following: geology, soils, hydrology, water quality, vegetation, wildlife, air resources, health and safety, noise, waste management, cultural resources, land use, aesthetics, socioeconomics, public services, transportation, and energy and material resources. Also included are: the project description, a summary of environmental consequences, and alternatives to the proposed action. (MHR)

  18. Demonstration of natural gas reburn for NOâ emissions reduction at Ohio Edison Company`s cyclone-fired Niles Plant Unit Number 1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. W. Borio; R. D. Lewis; R. W. Koucky; A. A. Lookman; M. G. Manos; D. W. Corfman; A. L. Waddingham; S. A. Johnson

    1996-01-01

    Electric utility power plants account for about one-third of the NOâ and two-thirds of the SOâ emissions in the US cyclone-fired boilers, while representing about 9% of the US coal-fired generating capacity, emit about 14% of the NOâ produced by coal-fired utility boilers. Given this background, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Gas Research Institute, the Electric Power Research Institute, the

  19. 78 FR 37218 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-20

    ...C. (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, filed a prior notice application pursuant to sections 157...Company, L.L.C, 1001 Louisiana Street, Houston, Texas 77002, or telephone (713) 420-3299 or fax (713)...

  20. GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) VERIFICATION GUIDELINE SERIES: ANR Pipeline Company PARAMETRIC EMISSIONS MONITORING SYSTEM (PEMS) VERSION 1.0

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Environmental Technology Verification report discusses the technology and performance of the Parametric Emissions Monitoring System (PEMS) manufactured by ANR Pipeline Company, a subsidiary of Coastal Corporation, now El Paso Corporation. The PEMS predicts carbon doixide (CO2...

  1. Natural gas pipeline technology overview.

    SciTech Connect

    Folga, S. M.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2007-11-01

    The United States relies on natural gas for one-quarter of its energy needs. In 2001 alone, the nation consumed 21.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. A large portion of natural gas pipeline capacity within the United States is directed from major production areas in Texas and Louisiana, Wyoming, and other states to markets in the western, eastern, and midwestern regions of the country. In the past 10 years, increasing levels of gas from Canada have also been brought into these markets (EIA 2007). The United States has several major natural gas production basins and an extensive natural gas pipeline network, with almost 95% of U.S. natural gas imports coming from Canada. At present, the gas pipeline infrastructure is more developed between Canada and the United States than between Mexico and the United States. Gas flows from Canada to the United States through several major pipelines feeding U.S. markets in the Midwest, Northeast, Pacific Northwest, and California. Some key examples are the Alliance Pipeline, the Northern Border Pipeline, the Maritimes & Northeast Pipeline, the TransCanada Pipeline System, and Westcoast Energy pipelines. Major connections join Texas and northeastern Mexico, with additional connections to Arizona and between California and Baja California, Mexico (INGAA 2007). Of the natural gas consumed in the United States, 85% is produced domestically. Figure 1.1-1 shows the complex North American natural gas network. The pipeline transmission system--the 'interstate highway' for natural gas--consists of 180,000 miles of high-strength steel pipe varying in diameter, normally between 30 and 36 inches in diameter. The primary function of the transmission pipeline company is to move huge amounts of natural gas thousands of miles from producing regions to local natural gas utility delivery points. These delivery points, called 'city gate stations', are usually owned by distribution companies, although some are owned by transmission companies. Compressor stations at required distances boost the pressure that is lost through friction as the gas moves through the steel pipes (EPA 2000). The natural gas system is generally described in terms of production, processing and purification, transmission and storage, and distribution (NaturalGas.org 2004b). Figure 1.1-2 shows a schematic of the system through transmission. This report focuses on the transmission pipeline, compressor stations, and city gates.

  2. 76 FR 79190 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-12-21

    ...Francisco, California 94105-1579: 1. Private Bancorp of America, Inc., La Jolla, California; to become a bank holding company by acquiring 100 percent of the voting shares of San Diego Private Bank, La Jolla, California. Board...

  3. 76 FR 36910 - Astoria Generating Company, L.P., NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-23

    ...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC, Oswego...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power [[Page 36911

  4. 76 FR 36914 - Astoria Generating Company, L.P., NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-23

    ...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC, Oswego...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC,...

  5. 76 FR 34692 - Astoria Generating Company, L.P., NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-14

    ...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC, Oswego...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC,...

  6. 18 CFR 260.9 - Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service interruptions and damage to facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...than liquefied natural gas facilities caused by a hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity that results...liquefied natural gas facilities by reason other than hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity, the...

  7. 18 CFR 260.9 - Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service interruptions and damage to facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...than liquefied natural gas facilities caused by a hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity that results...liquefied natural gas facilities by reason other than hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity, the...

  8. 18 CFR 260.9 - Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service interruptions and damage to facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...than liquefied natural gas facilities caused by a hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity that results...liquefied natural gas facilities by reason other than hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity, the...

  9. 18 CFR 260.9 - Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service interruptions and damage to facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...than liquefied natural gas facilities caused by a hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity that results...liquefied natural gas facilities by reason other than hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity, the...

  10. 18 CFR 260.9 - Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service interruptions and damage to facilities.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...than liquefied natural gas facilities caused by a hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity that results...liquefied natural gas facilities by reason other than hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity, the...

  11. California Energy Commission COMMITTEE DRAFT REPORT

    E-print Network

    ENERGY COMMISSION TRANSPORTATION COMMITTEE James D. Boyd Vice-Chair Presiding Member Carla Peterman ­ California Air Resources Board Tim Carmichael ­ California Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition Brooke Coleman ­ New Fuels Alliance Will Coleman ­ Mohr Davidow Ventures Peter Cooper ­ California Labor Federation

  12. NATURAL GAS VARIABILITY IN CALIFORNIA: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND DEVICE PERFORMANCE EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF POLLUTANT EMISSIONS FROM RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCES

    SciTech Connect

    Singer, Brett C.; Apte, Michael G.; Black, Douglas R.; Hotchi, Toshifumi; Lucas, Donald; Lunden, Melissa M.; Mirer, Anna G.; Spears, Michael; Sullivan, Douglas P.

    2009-12-01

    The effect of liquefied natural gas on pollutant emissions was evaluated experimentally with used and new appliances in the laboratory and with appliances installed in residences, targeting information gaps from previous studies. Burner selection targeted available technologies that are projected to comprise the majority of installed appliances over the next decade. Experiments were conducted on 13 cooktop sets, 12 ovens, 5 broiler burners, 5 storage water heaters, 4 forced air furnaces, 1 wall furnace, and 6 tankless water heaters. Air-free concentrations and fuel-based emission factors were determined for carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, nitrogen dioxide, and the number of (predominantly ultrafine) particles over complete burns?including transient effects (device warm-up and intermittent firing of burners) following ignition--and during more stable end-of-burn conditions. Formaldehyde was measured over multi-burn cycles. The baseline fuel was Northern California line gas with Wobbe number (a measure of fuel energy delivery rate) of 1320-1340; test fuels had Wobbe numbers of roughly 1390 and 1420, and in some cases 1360. No ignition or operational problems were observed during test fuel use. Baseline emissions varied widely across and within burner groups and with burner operational mode. Statistically significant emissions changes were observed for some pollutants on some burners.

  13. The Expro Engineering Sponsorship Programme Expro International Group is an upstream oil and gas sector service company

    E-print Network

    Painter, Kevin

    The Expro Engineering Sponsorship Programme Expro International Group is an upstream oil and gas and process flow from high-value oil and gas wells, from exploration and appraisal through to mature field for the development and delivery of innovative technologies to meet the needs of the oil and gas industry globally

  14. Natural disasters and the gas pipeline system. Topical report, August 1994-June 1995

    SciTech Connect

    Atallah, S.; Saxena, S.; Martin, S.B.; Willowby, A.B.; Alger, R.

    1996-11-15

    Episodic descriptions are provided of the effect of the Loma Prieta earthquake (1989) on the gas pipeline systems of Pacific Gas & Electric Company and the City of Palo Alto and of the Northridge earthquake (1994) on Southern California Gas` pipeline system. The emergency response plans and activities of South Carolina Electric & Gas Company during hurricane Hugo (1989) and of City Gas Company of Florida and other small gas companies during hurricane Andrew (1992) are also reviewed. Descriptions of the great Flood of 1993 and its effects on the operations of Iowa-Illinois Gas & Electric Company and Laclede Gas Company and of the San Jacinto River Floods on the transmission lines of Valero Gas Co. are also provided. Local and federal regulatory requirements, and the current practices by the gas industry for dealing with natural disasters, such as through preventive measures (e.g., strapping of water heaters, excess flow valves), and the tracking of weather-related events are described. The important role that preplanning and coordination with the local emergency response bodies and other gas utilities plays during a natural disaster is examined.

  15. Company Presentation Company Presentation

    E-print Network

    Anand, Mahesh

    Titanium shell propellant gas gas & propellant anti sloshing PMD #12;Tank Summary Ivest Planning © MT 400 m² cleanroom environment Ultrasonic and acid etch cleaning PMD assembly TIG welding (automatic

  16. Electric Vehicle Charging and the California Power Sector: Evaluating the Effect of Location and Time on Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sohnen, Julia Meagher

    This thesis explores the implications of the increased adoption of plug-in electric vehicles in California through its effect on the operation of the state's electric grid. The well-to-wheels emissions associated with driving an electric vehicle depend on the resource mix of the electricity grid used to charge the battery. We present a new least-cost dispatch model, EDGE-NET, for the California electricity grid consisting of interconnected sub-regions that encompass the six largest state utilities that can be used to evaluate the impact of growing electric vehicle demand on existing power grid infrastructure system and energy resources. This model considers spatiality and temporal dynamics of energy demand and supply when determining the regional impacts of additional charging profiles on the current electricity network. Model simulation runs for one year show generation and transmission congestion to be reasonable similar to historical data. Model simulation results show that average emissions and system costs associated with electricity generation vary significantly by time of day, season, and location. Marginal cost and emissions also exhibit seasonal and diurnal differences, but show less spatial variation. Sensitivity of demand analysis shows that the relative changes to average emissions and system costs respond asymmetrically to increases and decreases in electricity demand. These results depend on grid mix at the time and the marginal power plant type. In minimizing total system cost, the model will choose to dispatch the lowest-cost resource to meet additional vehicle demand, regardless of location, as long as transmission capacity is available. Location of electric vehicle charging has a small effect on the marginal greenhouse gas emissions associated with additional generation, due to electricity losses in the transmission grid. We use a geographically explicit, charging assessment model for California to develop and compare the effects of two charging profiles. Comparison of these two basic scenarios points to savings in greenhouse gas emissions savings and operational costs from delayed charging of electric vehicles. Vehicle charging simulations confirm that plug-in electric vehicles alone are unlikely to require additional generation or transmission infrastructure. EDGE-NET was successfully benchmarked against historical data for the present grid but additional work is required to expand the model for future scenario evaluation. We discuss how the model might be adapted for high penetrations of variable renewable energy resources, and the use of grid storage. Renewable resources such as wind and solar vary in California vary significantly by time-of-day, season, and location. However, combination of multiple resources from different geographic regions through transmission grid interconnection is expected to help mitigate the impacts of variability. EDGE-NET can evaluate interaction of supply and demand through the existing transmission infrastructure and can identify any critical network bottlenecks or areas for expansion. For this reason, EDGE-NET will be an important tool to evaluate energy policy scenarios.

  17. Demonstration of natural gas reburn for NO{sub x} emissions reduction at Ohio Edison Company`s cyclone-fired Niles Plant Unit Number 1

    SciTech Connect

    Borio, R.W.; Lewis, R.D.; Koucky, R.W. [ABB Power Plant Labs., Windsor, CT (United States)] [ABB Power Plant Labs., Windsor, CT (United States); Lookman, A.A. [Energy Systems Associates, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)] [Energy Systems Associates, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Manos, M.G.; Corfman, D.W.; Waddingham, A.L. [Ohio Edison, Akron, OH (United States)] [Ohio Edison, Akron, OH (United States); Johnson, S.A. [Quinapoxet Engineering Solutions, Inc., Windham, NH (United States)] [Quinapoxet Engineering Solutions, Inc., Windham, NH (United States)

    1996-04-01

    Electric utility power plants account for about one-third of the NO{sub x} and two-thirds of the SO{sub 2} emissions in the US cyclone-fired boilers, while representing about 9% of the US coal-fired generating capacity, emit about 14% of the NO{sub x} produced by coal-fired utility boilers. Given this background, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Gas Research Institute, the Electric Power Research Institute, the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center, and the Ohio Coal Development Office sponsored a program led by ABB Combustion Engineering, Inc. (ABB-CE) to demonstrate reburning on a cyclone-fired boiler. Ohio Edison provided Unit No. 1 at their Niles Station for the reburn demonstration along with financial assistance. The Niles Unit No. 1 reburn system was started up in September 1990. This reburn program was the first full-scale reburn system demonstration in the US. This report describes work performed during the program. The work included a review of reburn technology, aerodynamic flow model testing of reburn system design concepts, design and construction of the reburn system, parametric performance testing, long-term load dispatch testing, and boiler tube wall thickness monitoring. The report also contains a description of the Niles No. 1 host unit, a discussion of conclusions and recommendations derived from the program, tabulation of data from parametric and long-term tests, and appendices which contain additional tabulated test results.

  18. Company Name Company Website Company Type BergerABAM www.abam.com Civil & Environmental Engineering

    E-print Network

    Company Name Company Website Company Type BergerABAM www.abam.com Civil & Environmental Engineering.geosyntec.com Environmental Consulting Gray & Osborne, Inc. www.g-o.com Consulting Engineers Guy F. Atkinson Construction, LLC BP www.bp.com/uscollegecareers Oil & Gas CDM www.cdm.com Full services Engineering DCI Engineers www.dci-engineers

  19. Reducing Freight Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the California Corridor: The potential of short sea shipping

    E-print Network

    Zou, Bo; Smirti, Megan; Hansen, Mark

    2008-01-01

    Hansen Abstract Greenhouse gases (GHG), the gases that cause climate change,Hansen unknowns exist due to the nascent body of literature on SSS and climate change.Hansen INTRODUCTION Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and the resulting acceleration of climate change

  20. Gaseous methyl- and inorganic mercury in landfill gas from landfills in Florida, Minnesota, Delaware, and California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. E. Lindberg; G. Southworth; E. M. Prestbo; D. Wallschläger; M. A. Bogle; J. Price

    2005-01-01

    Municipal waste landfills contain numerous sources of mercury which could be emitted to the atmosphere. Their generation of methane by anaerobic bacteria suggests that landfills may act as bioreactors for methylated mercury compounds. Since our previous study at a single Florida landfill, gaseous inorganic and methylated mercury species have now been identified and quantified in landfill gas at nine additional

  1. 78 FR 14784 - Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-07

    ...overpressure protection system; spill containment system; security fence, an electrical operated security gate, and security monitoring system; fire and gas detection system and emergency shutdown system; widen the...

  2. California Climate Change Portal

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Global warming and climate change have been a top priority for a number of international organizations, and in recent years, a number of states have also become profoundly concerned about these transformations. Not surprisingly, the state of California has been interested in these subjects for some time, and this website is an initiative of the various agencies working in this area of research. On this site, visitors can learn about various initiatives sponsored by different agencies within the state and also peruse a list of FAQâ??s on the subject. First-time visitors will want to start at the â??Backgroundâ? section; they may then proceed to the â??Policy & Programâ? area, where they can learn what the state is doing to combat this situation. Some of these programs include a voluntary greenhouse gas emission registry for California companies and a research program to spur environmentally-friendly energy alternatives. Finally, the site also includes a very nice glossary of terms used in discussing global climate change.

  3. High-global warming potential F-gas emissions in California: comparison of ambient-based versus inventory-based emission estimates, and implications of refined estimates.

    PubMed

    Gallagher, Glenn; Zhan, Tao; Hsu, Ying-Kuang; Gupta, Pamela; Pederson, James; Croes, Bart; Blake, Donald R; Barletta, Barbara; Meinardi, Simone; Ashford, Paul; Vetter, Arnie; Saba, Sabine; Slim, Rayan; Palandre, Lionel; Clodic, Denis; Mathis, Pamela; Wagner, Mark; Forgie, Julia; Dwyer, Harry; Wolf, Katy

    2014-01-21

    To provide information for greenhouse gas reduction policies, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) inventories annual emissions of high-global-warming potential (GWP) fluorinated gases, the fastest growing sector of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions globally. Baseline 2008 F-gas emissions estimates for selected chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-12), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC-22), and hydrofluorocarbons (HFC-134a) made with an inventory-based methodology were compared to emissions estimates made by ambient-based measurements. Significant discrepancies were found, with the inventory-based emissions methodology resulting in a systematic 42% under-estimation of CFC-12 emissions from older refrigeration equipment and older vehicles, and a systematic 114% overestimation of emissions for HFC-134a, a refrigerant substitute for phased-out CFCs. Initial, inventory-based estimates for all F-gas emissions had assumed that equipment is no longer in service once it reaches its average lifetime of use. Revised emission estimates using improved models for equipment age at end-of-life, inventories, and leak rates specific to California resulted in F-gas emissions estimates in closer agreement to ambient-based measurements. The discrepancies between inventory-based estimates and ambient-based measurements were reduced from -42% to -6% for CFC-12, and from +114% to +9% for HFC-134a. PMID:24328112

  4. Gas and Water Geochemistry of Seeps from the Salton Sea Geothermal System (California, USA) and the Implications for Seep Processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mazzini, A.; Svensen, H.; Hammer, O.; Onderdonk, N.; Polteau, S.; Planke, S.

    2008-12-01

    Water, mud, gas, and petroleum-bearing seeps are part of the Salton Sea Geothermal System in Southern California. Seeps in the Davis-Schrimpf seep field (~120x120 m) show considerable variations in both temperature and water geochemistry. Here we have investigated the spatial variation in carbon isotope composition of the two main seep gases, CO2 and CH4. In addition, seep water isotope composition has been analyzed to determine the source of the water, and temperature monitoring has been done during a 90 day period from mid December 2006. Gas analyses results show a 10 variation in the ^13C of methane and a 2 variation in the ^13C of carbon dioxide. The water salinity varies between fresh (1-3 g/L) in the gryphons, to hypersaline brine (145 g/L) in the pools. In situ evaporation can explain the salinity variations, supported by ^18O and ^D data, where most water samples are enriched in ^18O and define an evaporation trend in the ^D-^18O space. We conclude that the seep waters represent meteoric waters modified by surface evaporation, with little or no evidence for a deep hydrothermal component. Seep gases, on the other hand, have a deep hydrothermal/metamorphic origin. Time series analyses of the temperature monitoring data shown fundamental differences between the gryphons and pools, where the former are dominated by hydrothermal input and the latter by diurnal variations in air temperature. Our results highlight the complex dynamics of the seep field, and demonstrate the importance of detailed studies, both in space and time, to understand even well constrained seep systems.

  5. 75 FR 63462 - Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-15

    ...separators, gas coolers, and electrical infrastructure at CNYOG's NS2 Compressor Station on CNYOG's South Lateral proposed in Docket...Transco's Leidy Line; The Northern Meter Station at the NS2 Compressor Station including metering facilities, valves,...

  6. 77 FR 48508 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Kinetica Energy Express, LLC; Notice of Applications and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-14

    ...abandon by sale certain natural gas facilities located offshore in the Gulf of Mexico and onshore in the State of...totaling approximately 34,250 horsepower, twelve offshore platforms, and various appurtenant and auxiliary...

  7. Evaluation of Gas Reburning & Low NOx Burners on a Wall Fired Boiler Performance and Economics Report Gas Reburning-Low NOx Burner System Cherokee Station Unit 3 Public Service Company of Colorado

    SciTech Connect

    None

    1998-07-01

    Under the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Coal Technology Program (Round 3), a project was completed to demonstrate control of boiler NOX emissions and to a lesser degree, due to coal replacement, SO2 emissions. The project involved combining Gas Reburning with Low NOX Burners (GR-LNB) on a coal-fired electric utility boiler to determine if high levels of NOX reduction (70%) could be achieved. Sponsors of the project included the U.S. Department of Energy, the Gas Research Institute, Public Service Company of Colorado, Colorado Interstate Gas, Electric Power Research Institute, and the Energy and Environmental Research Corporation. The GR-LNB demonstration was performed on Public Service Company of Colorado's (PSCO) Cherokee Unit #3, located in Denver, Colorado. This unit is a 172 MW~ wall-fired boiler that uses Colorado Bituminous, low-sulfur coal. It had a baseline NOX emission level of 0.73 lb/106 Btu using conventional burners. Low NOX burners are designed to yield lower NOX emissions than conventional burners. However, the NOX control achieved with this technique is limited to 30-50%. Also, with LNBs, CO emissions can increase to above acceptable standards. Gas Reburning (GR) is designed to reduce NOX in the flue gas by staged fuel combustion. This technology involves the introduction of natural gas into the hot furnace flue gas stream. When combined, GR and LNBs minimize NOX emissions and maintain acceptable levels of CO emissions. A comprehensive test program was completed, operating over a wide range of boiler conditions. Over 4,000 hours of operation were achieved, providing substantial data. Measurements were taken to quantify reductions in NOX emissions, the impact on boiler equipment and operability and factors influencing costs. The GR-LNB technology achieved good NOX emission reductions and the goals of the project were achieved. Although the performance of the low NOX burners (supplied by others) was less than expected, a NOX reduction of 65% was achieved at an average gas heat input of 18Y0. The performance goal of 70% reduction was met on many test runs, but at a higher reburn gas heat input. S02 emissions, based on coal replacement, were reduced by 18Y0. The performance goal of 70% reduction was met on many test runs, but at a higher reburn gas heat input. S02 emissions, based on coal replacement, were reduced by 18Y0. Toward the end of the program, a Second Generation gas injection system was installed. Higher injector gas pressures were used that eliminated the need for flue gas recirculation as used in the first generation design. The Second Generation GR resulted in similar NOX reduction performance as that for the First Generation. With an improvement in the LNB performance in combination with the new gas injection system , the reburn gas could be reduced to 12.5% of the total boiler heat input to achieve al 64?40 reduction in NO, emissions. In addition, the OFA injectors were modified to provide for better mixing to lower CO emissions.

  8. Effects of tree height on branch hydraulics, leaf structure and gas exchange in California redwoods.

    PubMed

    Ambrose, Anthony R; Sillett, Stephen C; Dawson, Todd E

    2009-07-01

    We examined changes in branch hydraulic, leaf structure and gas exchange properties in coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) trees of different sizes. Leaf-specific hydraulic conductivity (k(L)) increased with height in S. sempervirens but not in S. giganteum, while xylem cavitation resistance increased with height in both species. Despite hydraulic adjustments, leaf mass per unit area (LMA) and leaf carbon isotope ratios (delta(13)C) increased, and maximum mass-based stomatal conductance (g(mass)) and photosynthesis (A(mass)) decreased with height in both species. As a result, both A(mass) and g(mass) were negatively correlated with branch hydraulic properties in S. sempervirens and uncorrelated in S. giganteum. In addition, A(mass) and g(mass) were negatively correlated with LMA in both species, which we attributed to the effects of decreasing leaf internal CO(2) conductance (g(i)). Species-level differences in wood density, LMA and area-based gas exchange capacity constrained other structural and physiological properties, with S. sempervirens exhibiting increased branch water transport efficiency and S. giganteum exhibiting increased leaf-level water-use efficiency with increasing height. Our results reveal different adaptive strategies for the two redwoods that help them compensate for constraints associated with growing taller, and reflect contrasting environmental conditions each species faces in its native habitat. PMID:19210642

  9. Anthem Blue Cross/Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company (P-NP) 5/18/2012 Page 1 University of California

    E-print Network

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    Anthem Blue Cross/Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company (P-NP) 5/18/2012 Page 1 services in detail. Getting a Prescription Filled at an Anthem Blue Cross Participating Pharmacy To get the relation between drug type and your copay amount at Anthem Blue Cross participating pharmacies: FDA

  10. 66 FR 10678 - Coral Power, L.L.C., Enron Power Marketing, Inc., Arizona Public Service Company, Cargill-Alliant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2001-02-16

    ...Power Marketing, Inc., Arizona Public Service Company, Cargill-Alliant, LLC, San Diego Gas & Electric Company, Avista...Power Marketing, Inc., Arizona Public Service Company, Cargill-Alliant, LLC, San Diego Gas & Electric Company,...

  11. 75 FR 61461 - Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-05

    ...in Bradford County, Pennsylvania (the NS2 Compressor Station) with an electric-driven...each about 820 feet long, connecting the NS2 Compressor Station with Tennessee Gas Pipeline...700-foot-long non-jurisdictional powerline to the NS2 Compressor Station; A...

  12. Market entry mode and competency building of Western oil companies in the Russian up stream oil and gas industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul M. Stephenson

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation investigated the market entry and competency building strategies within the context of the Russian oil and gas industry. The study was designed to be of interest to business practitioners and academics given the growing importance of fossil fuel in the energy balance of the global economy and the importance of Russia as a supplier and purchaser in the

  13. Methanogenic calcite, 13C-depleted bivalve shells, and gas hydrate from a mud volcano offshore southern California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Hein, J.R.; Normark, W.R.; McIntyre, B.R.; Lorenson, T.D.; Powell, C.L., II

    2006-01-01

    Methane and hydrogen sulfide vent from a cold seep above a shallowly buried methane hydrate in a mud volcano located 24 km offshore southern California in?? 800 m of water. Bivalves, authigenic calcite, and methane hydrate were recovered in a 2.1 m piston core. Aragonite shells of two bivalve species are unusually depleted in 13C (to -91??? ??13C), the most 13C-depleted shells of marine macrofauna yet discovered. Carbon isotopes for both living and dead specimens indicate that they used, in part, carbon derived from anaerobically oxidized methane to construct their shells. The ??13C values are highly variable, but most are within the range -12??? to -91???. This variability may be diagnostic for identifying cold-seep-hydrate systems in the geologic record. Authigenic calcite is abundant in the cores down to ???1.5 m subbottom, the top of the methane hydrate. The calcite is depleted in 13C (??13C = -46??? to -58???), indicating that carbon produced by anaerobically oxidized methane is the main source of the calcite. Methane sources include a geologic hydrocarbon reservoir from Miocene source rocks, and biogenic and thermogenic degradation of organic matter in basin sediments. Oxygen isotopes indicate that most calcite formed out of isotopic equilibrium with ambient bottom water, under the influence of gas hydrate dissociation and strong methane flux. High metal content in the mud volcano sediment indicates leaching of basement rocks by fluid circulating along an underlying fault, which also allows for a high flux of fossil methane. ?? 2006 Geological Society of America.

  14. Outer continental shelf oil and gas activities in the Pacific (Southern California) and their onshore impacts: a summary report, May 1980

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Macpherson, George S.; Bernstein, Janis

    1980-01-01

    Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) oil and gas exploration and development have been under way in the Pacific (Southern California) Region since 1966. During that time, there have been four Federal lease sales: in 1966, 1968, 1975 (Sale 35), and 1979 (Sale 48). Oil and gas production from three leases has been going on since 1968. It peaked in 1971 and now averages around 31,400 barrels of oil and 15.4 million cubic feet of gas per day. Discoveries on areas leased in the 1968 and 1975 sales have led to plans for eight new platforms to begin production in the early 1980's. Five platforms are in the eastern end of Santa Barbara Channel, one is in the western Channel, and two are in San Pedro Bay, south of Long Beach. Three rigs are doing exploratory drilling in the Region. The most recent estimates by the U.S. Geological Survey of remaining reserves for all identified fields in the Southern California Region are 695 million barrels of oil and 1,575 billion cubic feet of gas (January 1979). The USGS has also made risked estimates of economically recoverable oil and gas resources for all the leased tracts in the Region (March 1980). These risked estimates of economically recoverable resources are 394 billion barrels of oil and 1,295 billion cubic feet of gas. The USGS estimates of undiscovered recoverable resources for the entire Southern California OCS Region (January 1980) are 3,200 million barrels of oil and 3,400 billion cubic feet of gas. Because of the long history of oil and gas production in Southern California from wells onshore and in State waters, there are many existing facilities for the transportation, processing, and refining of oil and gas. Some of the expected new OCS production can be accommodated in these facilities. Four new onshore projects will be required. Two of these are under construction: (1) a 9.6-km (6-mi) onshore oil pipeline (capacity: 60,000 bpd) between Carpinteria (Santa Barbara County) and the existing Mobil-Rincon separation and treatment facility (Ventura County), and (2) a small supply base and dock (upgrade of existing facility) and a 0.4-hectare (1-acre) crude oil distribution facility in Long Beach (Los Angeles County), connected to landfall by a 3-km (1.8-mi) onshore pipeline. The two other facilities are awaiting permit approval: (1) a gas treatment plant at Las Flores Canyon (Santa Barbara County) and (2) a separation and treatment plant at Mandalay Beach (Ventura County) with 4 km (2.5 mi) of onshore pipeline on the same right-of-way from landfall to the plant and from the plant to an existing gas transmission line.

  15. Heat-pump-centered Integrated Community Energy Systems: systems development, Consolidated Natural Gas Service Company. Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. R. Baker; T. D. Donakowski; R. B. Foster; D. L. Sala; R. R. Tison; T. P. Whaley; B. D. Yudow; P. F. Swenson

    1980-01-01

    The Heat-Actuated Heat Pump Centered Integrated Community Energy System (HAHP-ICES) utilizes a gas-fired, engine-driven, heat pump and commercial buildings, and offers several advantages over the more conventional equipment it is intended to supplant. The general non-site-specific application assumes a hypothetical community of one 59,000 ft² office building and five 24-unit, low-rise apartment buildings located in a region with a climate

  16. Permitting a biomass-fired power plant in California -- A case study

    SciTech Connect

    Reisman, J.I. [Reisman (Joel I.), Walnut Creek, CA (United States); Needham, G.A. [SAI Engineers, Sunnyvale, CA (United States)

    1995-09-01

    This paper describes the process of preparing an air permit application for a proposed biomass-fired power plant. The plant is designed to produce a net electric power output of 16 megawatts (MW) for sale to Pacific Gas and Electric Company. The biomass fuel will consist of urban wood waste, construction wood waste, and waste from agricultural products, such as tree prunings and fruit pits. The site is located in an industrial park in Soledad, California.

  17. Prattville intake, Lake Almanor, California, hydraulic model study on selective withdrawal modifications. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Vermeyen, T.

    1995-07-01

    Bureau of Reclamation conducted this hydraulic model study to provide Pacific Gas and Electric Company with an evaluation of several selective withdrawal structures that are being considered to reduce intake flow temperatures through the Prattville Intake at Lake Almanor, California. Release temperature control using selective withdrawal structures is being considered in an effort to improve the cold-water fishery in the North Fork of the Feather River.

  18. Digital tabulation of stratigraphic data from oil and gas wells in the Santa Maria Basin and surrounding areas, central California coast

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Sweetkind, Donald S.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Langenheim, Victoria E.; Shumaker, Lauren E.

    2010-01-01

    Stratigraphic information from 694 oil and gas exploration wells from the onshore Santa Maria basin and surrounding areas are herein compiled in digital form from reports that were released originally in paper form. The Santa Maria basin is located within the southwesternmost part of the Coast Ranges and north of the western Transverse Ranges on the central California coast. Knowledge of the location and elevation of stratigraphic tops of formations throughout the basin is a first step toward understanding depositional trends and the structural evolution of the basin through time.

  19. Sequence stratigraphy of a Pliocene delta complex deposited in an active margin setting, Etchegoin and San Joaquin gas sands, San Joaquin basin, California

    SciTech Connect

    Steward, D.C. [California State Univ., Bakersfield, CA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Prolific gas sands of the Pliocene Etchegoin and San Joaquin formations of the southern San Joaquin basin, California, are part of a 1300-m thick succession of deltaic sediments that record the final regression of the Pacific Ocean from a tectonically active, restricted basin associated with the California transform margin. Individual field studies, lacking a regional framework and based primarily on electric log data, correlate these gas sands to the extent that individual sands maintain the same stratigraphic level within the succession. However, a high-resolution sequence stratigraphic framework, constructed from recent 3D-seismic data and detailed well log correlations on the Bakersfield Arch area of the basin, indicates that the Pliocene succession is part of a south/southwest prograding delta complex. Therefore, sands climb up-section in the landward direction and grade laterally from deep-water to shallow-water facies. Because lithofacies boundaries cross chronostratigraphic surfaces, previous interpretations of the reservoir architecture are inaccurate. This model increases predictability of reservoir facies by constraining lithofacies mapping and enables interpretation of the effects on deposition of the integrated and inter-related controls of tectonics, eustatic sea-level change, and sediment supply. With this understanding, a well-defined model of the stratal architecture of the Pliocene succession of the southern San Joaquin basin is now possible.

  20. Sequence stratigraphy of a Pliocene delta complex deposited in an active margin setting, Etchegoin and San Joaquin gas sands, San Joaquin basin, California

    SciTech Connect

    Steward, D.C. (California State Univ., Bakersfield, CA (United States))

    1996-01-01

    Prolific gas sands of the Pliocene Etchegoin and San Joaquin formations of the southern San Joaquin basin, California, are part of a 1300-m thick succession of deltaic sediments that record the final regression of the Pacific Ocean from a tectonically active, restricted basin associated with the California transform margin. Individual field studies, lacking a regional framework and based primarily on electric log data, correlate these gas sands to the extent that individual sands maintain the same stratigraphic level within the succession. However, a high-resolution sequence stratigraphic framework, constructed from recent 3D-seismic data and detailed well log correlations on the Bakersfield Arch area of the basin, indicates that the Pliocene succession is part of a south/southwest prograding delta complex. Therefore, sands climb up-section in the landward direction and grade laterally from deep-water to shallow-water facies. Because lithofacies boundaries cross chronostratigraphic surfaces, previous interpretations of the reservoir architecture are inaccurate. This model increases predictability of reservoir facies by constraining lithofacies mapping and enables interpretation of the effects on deposition of the integrated and inter-related controls of tectonics, eustatic sea-level change, and sediment supply. With this understanding, a well-defined model of the stratal architecture of the Pliocene succession of the southern San Joaquin basin is now possible.

  1. Heat-pump-centered Integrated Community Energy Systems: systems development, Consolidated Natural Gas Service Company. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Baker, N.R.; Donakowski, T.D.; Foster, R.B.; Sala, D.L.; Tison, R.R.; Whaley, T.P.; Yudow, B.D.; Swenson, P.F.

    1980-01-01

    The Heat-Actuated Heat Pump Centered Integrated Community Energy System (HAHP-ICES) utilizes a gas-fired, engine-driven, heat pump and commercial buildings, and offers several advantages over the more conventional equipment it is intended to supplant. The general non-site-specific application assumes a hypothetical community of one 59,000 ft/sup 2/ office building and five 24-unit, low-rise apartment buildings located in a region with a climate similar to Chicago. This community serves as a starting point - the base case - upon which various sensitivity analyses are performed and through which the performance characteristics of the HAHP are explored. The results of these analyses provided the selection criteria for the site-specific application of the HAHP-ICES concept to a real-world community. The site-specific community consists of 42 townhouses; five 120-unit, low-rise apartment buildings; five 104-unit high-rise apartment buildings; one 124,000 ft/sup 2/ office building; and a single 135,000 ft/sup 2/ retail building located in Monroeville, Pa. The base-case analyses confirmed that the HAHP-ICES has significant potentials for reducing the primary energy consumption and pollutant emissions associated with space conditioning when compared with a conventional system. Primary energy consumption was reduced by 30%, while emission reductions ranged from 39 to 77%. The results of the site-specific analysis indicate that reductions in energy consumption of between 15 and 22% are possible when a HAHP-ICES is selected as opposed to conventional HVAC equipment.

  2. Tsunami Preparedness in California (videos)

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Filmed and edited by: Loeffler, Kurt; Gesell, Justine

    2010-01-01

    Tsunamis are a constant threat to the coasts of our world. Although tsunamis are infrequent along the West coast of the United States, it is possible and necessary to prepare for potential tsunami hazards to minimize loss of life and property. Community awareness programs are important, as they strive to create an informed society by providing education and training. These videos about tsunami preparedness in California distinguish between a local tsunami and a distant event and focus on the specific needs of each region. They offer guidelines for correct tsunami response and community preparedness from local emergency managers, first-responders, and leading experts on tsunami hazards and warnings, who have been working on ways of making the tsunami affected regions safer for the people and communities on a long-term basis. These videos were produced by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in cooperation with the California Emergency Management Agency (CalEMA) and Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E).

  3. 8. Historic American Buildings Survey American Trust Company File CalPictures ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    8. Historic American Buildings Survey American Trust Company File Cal-Pictures June 1959 CORNER ENTRANCE CARYATIDS - Bank Building, California & Liedesdorff Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  4. Platts top 250 global energy company rankings

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    2006-11-15

    The third annual survey of global energy companies measures companies' financial performance using four metrics: asset worth, revenues, profits and return on invested capital. The following industry segments were analysed: coal and consumable fuel companies; diversified utilities; exploration and production; electric utilities; gas utilities; integrated oil and gas companies; refining and marketing; independent power producers and storage and transfer companies. Integrated oil and gas companies (IOGs) captured nine out of the top ten spots while IPPS struggled in 2005 as the sector on a whole lost money. The exploration and production segment showed financial stability while gas utilities saw their financials climb. The Exxon Mobile Corp. continued its reign of the number one spot.

  5. 77 FR 38816 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-29

    ...RESERVE SYSTEM Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding...proposal also involves the acquisition of a nonbanking company...also includes whether the acquisition of the nonbanking company...Irvine, California; to merge with Gateway Bancorp,...

  6. 78 FR 70945 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-11-27

    ...RESERVE SYSTEM Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding...proposal also involves the acquisition of a nonbanking company...also includes whether the acquisition of the nonbanking company...Paso Robles, California; to merge with Mission Community...

  7. 76 FR 56196 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-12

    ...RESERVE SYSTEM Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding...proposal also involves the acquisition of a nonbanking company...also includes whether the acquisition of the nonbanking company...Angeles, California; to merge with Center Financial...

  8. Development of water facilities in the Santa Ana River Basin, California, 1810-1968: a compilation of historical notes derived from many sources describing ditch and canal companies, diversions, and water rights

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Scott, M.B.

    1977-01-01

    This report traces by text, maps, and photographs, the development of the water supply in the Santa Ana River basin from its beginning in 1810 or 1811 to 1968. The value of the report lies in the fact that interpretation of the hydrologic systems in the basin requires knowledge of the concurrent state of development of the water supply, because that development has progressively altered the local regimen of both surface water and ground water. Most of the information for the earlier years was extracted and condensed from an investigation made by W. H. Hall, California State Engineer during the years 1878-87. Hall's study described irrigation development in southern California from its beginning through 1888. Information for the years following 1888 was obtained from the archives of the numerous water companies and water agencies in the Santa Ana River basin and from the various depositories of courthouse, county, and municipal records. The history of water-resources development in the Santa Ana River basin begins with the introduction of irrigation in the area by the Spanish, who settled in southern California in the latter part, of the 18th century. The first irrigation diversion from the Santa Ana River was made in 1810 or 1811 by Jose Antonio Yorba and Juan Pablo Peralta. Irrigation remained a localized practice during the Mexican-Californian, or rancho, period following the separation of Mexico from Spain in 1821. Rancho grantees principally raised cattle, horses, and sheep and irrigated only small· plots of feed grain for their livestock and fruit crops for household use. The breakup of the ranchos through sales to Americans, who were migrating to California in ever-increasing numbers following the acquisition of California by the United States in 1848, marked the beginning of a rapid increase in water use and the beginning of widespread irrigation. Many water companies and water agencies were organized to divert the surface flow of the Santa Ana River and its tributaries for irrigation. The Santa Ana River had been a perennial stream, except in years of extreme drought, from its source in the mountains nearly to the Pacific Ocean. With the great increase in population and the accompanying use of water for irrigation, the river was no longer a perennial stream, and it was necessary to supplement the surface-water supply with ground water. Many wells were dug or drilled in the artesian areas of the upper basin; of those wells many originally flowed, but as ground-water pressures and levels declined, an increasing amount of pumping was required. Conservation measures were taken to store some of the surplus winter runoff for use during low runoff years and during summer periods of heavy demand. Conservation facilities included surface-storage reservoirs and water-spreading grounds or percolation basins for utilization of underground storage. The competition for water in the Santa Ana River basin has been accompanied by frequent litigation over water tights, and over the years these water rights have generally been established by court decree. Although the demand for water still increases, the water demand for agricultural use has declined since the mid-1940's in response to the rapid urbanization of agricultural areas. Since that date the continued expansion of communities has encroached significantly into the agricultural areas causing a decrease in water use for agriculture, a more than compensating increase in water use for municipal purposes, and a rapid change in the ownership of water rights. The urbanization of flood plains made floods potentially more damaging than they previously had been when the flood plains were used for agriculture. In recognition of this increased hazard, flood-control facilities such as reservoirs, debris basins, flood-conveyance channels, and levees have been constructed to reduce potential damage. Most of the construction has occurred since the devastating flood of March 1938. By the mid-1940's it was apparent that the local water supply--both surface and ground water--would be insuff

  9. Geological evaluation: Sterling Drilling and Production Company. Jarvis No. 1143. GRI (Gas Research Institute) Comprehensive Study Well No. 2, Calhoun County, West Virginia. Topical report, September 1987-May 1989

    SciTech Connect

    Lowry, P.; Hamilton-Smith, T.; Falleur, J.; Passaretti, M.

    1989-05-01

    Devonian-shale gas production, from wells in a research area surrounding the Sterling Drilling Production Company, Jarvis No. 1143, located in Calhoun County, West Virginia, is from intervals affected by thrust faults and/or associated shearing. Detailed whole-core description and Markov interpretation lead to the formulation of a depositional model of ongoing pelagic sedimentation of dark gray shales, periodically interrupted by turbidites consisting of thin siltstones and associated gray shales. A fracture model includes slickensides resulting from Alleghenian thrusting. The gas reservoir in the CSW No. 2 area suggests a combination of structure-induced fracturing, possibly of two distinct types, and relatively abundant and thickly bedded siltstones.

  10. Association among active seafloor deformation, mound formation, and gas hydrate growth and accumulation within the seafloor of the Santa Monica Basin, offshore California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Paull, C.K.; Normark, W.R.; Ussler, W., III; Caress, D.W.; Keaten, R.

    2008-01-01

    Seafloor blister-like mounds, methane migration and gas hydrate formation were investigated through detailed seafloor surveys in Santa Monica Basin, offshore of Los Angeles, California. Two distinct deep-water (??? 800??m water depth) topographic mounds were surveyed using an autonomous underwater vehicle (carrying a multibeam sonar and a chirp sub-bottom profiler) and one of these was explored with the remotely operated vehicle Tiburon. The mounds are > 10??m high and > 100??m wide dome-shaped bathymetric features. These mounds protrude from crests of broad anticlines (~ 20??m high and 1 to 3??km long) formed within latest Quaternary-aged seafloor sediment associated with compression between lateral offsets in regional faults. No allochthonous sediments were observed on the mounds, except slumped material off the steep slopes of the mounds. Continuous streams of methane gas bubbles emanate from the crest of the northeastern mound, and extensive methane-derived authigenic carbonate pavements and chemosynthetic communities mantle the mound surface. The large local vertical displacements needed to produce these mounds suggests a corresponding net mass accumulation has occurred within the immediate subsurface. Formation and accumulation of pure gas hydrate lenses in the subsurface is proposed as a mechanism to blister the seafloor and form these mounds. ?? 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Evidence for prolonged El Nino-like conditions in the Pacific during the Late Pleistocene: a 43 ka noble gas record from California groundwaters

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kulongoski, J.T.; Hilton, David R.; Izbicki, J.A.; Belitz, K.

    2009-01-01

    Information on the ocean/atmosphere state over the period spanning the Last Glacial Maximum - from the Late Pleistocene to the Holocene - provides crucial constraints on the relationship between orbital forcing and global climate change. The Pacific Ocean is particularly important in this respect because of its dominant role in exporting heat and moisture from the tropics to higher latitudes. Through targeting groundwaters in the Mojave Desert, California, we show that noble gas derived temperatures in California averaged 4.2 ?? 1.1 ??C cooler in the Late Pleistocene (from ???43 to ???12 ka) compared to the Holocene (from ???10 to ???5 ka). Furthermore, the older groundwaters contain higher concentrations of excess air (entrained air bubbles) and have elevated oxygen-18/oxygen-16 ratios (??18O) - indicators of vigorous aquifer recharge, and greater rainfall amounts and/or more intense precipitation events, respectively. Together, these paleoclimate indicators reveal that cooler and wetter conditions prevailed in the Mojave Desert from ???43 to ???12 ka. We suggest that during the Late Pleistocene, the Pacific ocean/atmosphere state was similar to present-day El Nino-like patterns, and was characterized by prolonged periods of weak trade winds, weak upwelling along the eastern Pacific margin, and increased precipitation in the southwestern U.S.

  12. Helium isotope and gas discharge variations associated with crustal unrest in Long Valley caldera, California, 1989-1992

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. L. Sorey; W. C. Evans; C. D. Farrar; B. M. Kennedy; G. A. Suemnicht

    1993-01-01

    The onset of anomalous seismic activity in 1989 beneath Mammoth Mountain on the southwestern rim of the Long Valley caldera, California, was followed within â¼4 months by a large increase in ³He\\/⁴He in vapor discharged from a fumarole on the north side of the mountain. The helium isotopic ratio at this vent rose to a maximum of 6.7 R{sub A}

  13. Statkraft is Europe's largest generator of renewable energy and is the leading power company in Norway. The company owns, produces and develops hydropower, wind power, gas-fired power and

    E-print Network

    Morik, Katharina

    Statkraft is Europe's largest generator of renewable energy and is the leading power company countries. For our office in Düsseldorf we are currently looking to hire a System Manager Renewable Energy. Share our passion for renewable energy and be a part of tomorrow's energy world. Your department

  14. California Energy Commission COMMITTEE FINAL REPORT

    E-print Network

    ; CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION TRANSPORTATION COMMITTEE James D. Boyd Vice-Chair Presiding Member Carla Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition Brooke Coleman ­ New Fuels Alliance Will Coleman ­ Mohr Davidow Ventures

  15. Well blowout rates and consequences in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005: Implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide

    SciTech Connect

    Jordan, Preston; Jordan, Preston D.; Benson, Sally M.

    2008-05-15

    Well blowout rates in oil fields undergoing thermally enhanced recovery (via steam injection) in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005 were on the order of 1 per 1,000 well construction operations, 1 per 10,000 active wells per year, and 1 per 100,000 shut-in/idle and plugged/abandoned wells per year. This allows some initial inferences about leakage of CO2 via wells, which is considered perhaps the greatest leakage risk for geological storage of CO2. During the study period, 9% of the oil produced in the United States was from District 4, and 59% of this production was via thermally enhanced recovery. There was only one possible blowout from an unknown or poorly located well, despite over a century of well drilling and production activities in the district. The blowout rate declined dramatically during the study period, most likely as a result of increasing experience, improved technology, and/or changes in safety culture. If so, this decline indicates the blowout rate in CO2-storage fields can be significantly minimized both initially and with increasing experience over time. Comparable studies should be conducted in other areas. These studies would be particularly valuable in regions with CO2-enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and natural gas storage.

  16. Fuel flexibility requirement concerns California officials

    SciTech Connect

    Kaplan, D.

    1993-06-16

    The Department of Energy's proposed $700 million advanced gas turbine program would unfairly exclude states like California that have tied their energy future to natural gas. Because the program would require fuel flexibility, regions that rely on natural gas turbines would not qualify for funding. Instead of mandating flexibility DOE should fund a series of regional efforts, leaving fuel choice to the discretion of project sponsors. California is 1,000 miles from the nearest coal and has no desire to haul it all that distance when the state has access to abundant supplies of natural gas. As a result, California's turbine initiatives focus on steam reformers, which convert methane into a natural gas fuel. But if the turbines also must be capable of burning coal gas, the reformer would be unnecessary. And the reconfiguration needed to burn coal gas would seriously degrade the system's efficiency, even though California has no plans to burn coal gas.

  17. Investment companies 

    E-print Network

    Sauer, Edward F

    1961-01-01

    haul. Short-term ups and downs of the market have no real impact on his investment decisions. "After all, " explains an official of a large brokerage house that handles no mutual funds, "that's what the fund buyer is paying for--some- one else.... Their Performance . Their Sales Methods Some Answers The "No-Load" Mutual Fund. . . . . . The Unmanaged Investment Company. The "Centennial" Type Fund . . . . . . The Regular Withdrawal Plan. . . . . . The Dividend Reinvestment Plan. . . . Accumulation Plan...

  18. Magmatic gas emissions at Holocene volcanic features near Mono Lake, California, and their relation to regional magmatism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bergfeld, Deborah; Evans, William C.; Howle, James F.; Hunt, Andrew G.

    2015-02-01

    Silicic lavas have erupted repeatedly in the Mono Basin over the past few thousand years, forming the massive domes and coulees of the Mono Craters chain and the smaller island vents in Mono Lake. We report here on the first systematic study of magmatic CO2 emissions from these features, conducted during 2007-2010. Most notably, a known locus of weak steam venting on the summit of North Coulee is actually enclosed in a large area (~ 0.25 km2) of diffuse gas discharge that emits 10-14 t/d of CO2, mostly at ambient temperature. Subsurface gases sampled here are heavily air-contaminated, but after standard corrections are applied, show average ?13C-CO2 of - 4.72‰, 3He/4He of 5.89RA, and CO2/3He of 0.77 × 1010, very similar to the values in fumarolic gas from Mammoth Mountain and the Long Valley Caldera immediately to the south of the basin. If these values also characterize the magmatic gas source at Mono Lake, where CO2 is captured by the alkaline lake water, a magmatic CO2 upflow beneath the lake of ~ 4 t/d can be inferred. Groundwater discharge from the Mono Craters area transports ~ 13 t/d of 14C-dead CO2 as free gas and dissolved carbonate species, and adding in this component brings the estimated total magmatic CO2 output to 29 t/d for the two silicic systems in the Mono Basin. If these emissions reflect intrusion and degassing of underlying basalt with 0.5 wt.% CO2, a modest intrusion rate of 0.00075 km3/yr is indicated. Much higher intrusion rates are required to account for CO2 emissions from Mammoth Mountain and the West Moat of the Long Valley Caldera.

  19. 18 CFR 367.4580 - Account 458, Services rendered to non-associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts...

  20. Chemical and isotopic evidence of gas-influenced flow at a transform plate boundary: Monterey Bay, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Martin, J.B.; Orange, D.L.; Lorenson, T.D.; Kvenvolden, K.A.

    1997-01-01

    Chemical and isotopic compositions of pore fluids document upward flow through communities of vesicomyid clams in Monterey Bay, California. Within the clam communities, the sulfate reduction zone is only 10 cm thick, and Ca and Mg concentrations decrease to values as low as 2.2 mM and 34.5 mM, respectively, at depths less than 30 cm below the sediment-water interface. Less than 5 m outside the communities, the base of the sulfate reduction zone is deeper than the greatest penetration of the cores (-30 cm), and Ca and Mg exhibit only minor changes from seawater values. The sediment exhibits no significant variation in grain size, mineralogy, organic carbon, nitrogen, or carbonate content throughout the region. The composition of pore fluid within clam communities results from upward flow of altered fluid rather than different diagenetic reactions within and outside the communities. Isotopically light dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), with ??13C values ranging from -3.2 to -54.1???, could reflect carbon sources from either oxidized thermogenic methane and/or a mixture of oxidized microbial methane and solid organic carbon. The C1/(C2+C3) ratios (ranging from 34 to 1142) and the hydrogen and carbon isotopic compositions of methane (??D values of -109 to -156???; ??13C values of -30.6 to -86.6???) suggest that methane is primarily microbial but that a minor component could be thermally generated. Any thermogenic methane would have migrated from great depths, possibly >2 km. The presence of methane is likely to contribute to fluid flow by reducing the density of the fluids. Past fluid migration and venting are reflected by widespread carbonate mineralization at the sediment-water interface. This mineralization and the geographic distribution and proportions of microbial and thermogenic methane suggest that vent sites migrate when permeability is reduced during carbonate cementation. These results demonstrate that along with convergent and divergent plate boundaries, transform plate boundaries are characterized by fluid flow and that the flow may be widespread, occurring at sites away from fault zones.

  1. California Dust

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-05-15

    ... when forced through narrow canyons and mountain passes. Due to Southern California's uneven terrain, the strength of the winds varies ... MISR category:  gallery date:  Feb 9, 2002 Images:  California Dust ...

  2. Gas

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and pain in the belly—especially after a big meal. Foods that can cause gas Some people naturally produce ... your stomach or throw up . Your breasts are big and sore . The area around your nipples gets darker. You crave certain foods. Or you really dislike certain foods. You feel ...

  3. Multi-Year Analysis of Renewable Energy Impacts in California: Results from the Renewable Portfolio Standards Integration Cost Analysis; Preprint

    SciTech Connect

    Milligan, M.; Shiu, H.; Kirby, B.; Jackson, K.

    2006-08-01

    California's Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS, Senate Bill 1078) requires the state's investor-owned utilities to obtain 20% of their energy mix from renewable generation sources. To facilitate the imminent increase in the penetration of renewables, the California Energy Commission (CEC), in support of the California Public Utility Commission (CPUC), initiated a study of integration costs in the context of RPS implementation. This effort estimated the impact of renewable generation in the regulation and load-following time scales and calculated the capacity value of renewable energy sources using a reliability model. The analysis team, consisting of researchers from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the California Wind Energy Collaborative (CWEC), performed the study in cooperation with the California Independent System Operator (CaISO), the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), and Southern California Edison (SCE). The study was conducted over three phases and was followed by an analysis of a multi-year period. This paper presents results from the multi-year analysis and the Phase III recommendations.

  4. USE OF CUTTING-EDGE HORIZONTAL AND UNDERBALANCED DRILLING TECHNOLOGIES AND SUBSURFACE SEISMIC TECHNIQUES TO EXPLORE, DRILL AND PRODUCE RESERVOIRED OIL AND GAS FROM THE FRACTURED MONTEREY BELOW 10,000 FT IN THE SANTA MARIA BASIN OF CALIFORNIA

    SciTech Connect

    George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

    2005-02-01

    This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area by Temblor Petroleum with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well was drilled by the project team in 2004 with the objective of accessing an extended length of oil-bearing, high-resistivity Monterey shale via a horizontal wellbore, while implementing managed-pressure drilling (MPD) techniques to avoid formation damage. Initial project meetings were conducted in October 2003. The team confirmed that the demonstration well would be completed open-hole to minimize productivity impairment. Following an overview of the geologic setting and local field experience, critical aspects of the application were identified. At the pre-spud meeting in January 2004, the final well design was confirmed and the well programming/service company requirements assigned. Various design elements were reduced in scope due to significant budgetary constraints. Major alterations to the original plan included: (1) a VSP seismic survey was delayed to a later phase; (2) a new (larger) surface hole would be drilled rather than re-enter an existing well; (3) a 7-in. liner would be placed into the top of the Monterey target as quickly as possible to avoid problems with hole stability; (4) evaluation activities were reduced in scope; (5) geosteering observations for fracture access would be deduced from penetration rate, cuttings description and hydrocarbon in-flow; and (6) rather than use nitrogen, a novel air-injection MPD system was to be implemented. Drilling operations, delayed from the original schedule by capital constraints and lack of rig availability, were conducted from September 12 to November 11, 2004. The vertical and upper curved sections were drilled and lined through the problematic shale member without major stability problems. The top of the targeted Monterey was thought to be seen at the expected TVD of 10,000 ft where the 7-in. liner was set at a 60{sup o} hole angle. Significant oil and gas shows suggested the fractured interval anticipated at the heel location had been penetrated. A total of 2572 ft of 6.-in. near-horizontal interval was placed in the shale section, extending planned well length by approximately 470 ft. Very little hydrocarbon in-flow was observed from fractures along the productive interval. This may be a result of the well trajectory falling underneath the Monterey fractured zone. Hydrocarbon observations, cuttings analysis and gamma-ray response indicated additional fractured intervals were accessed along the last {+-}900 ft of well length. The well was completed with a 2 7/8-in. tubing string set in a production packer in preparation for flow and swab tests to be conducted later by a service rig. The planned well time was estimated as 39 days and overall cost as $2.4 million. The actual results are 66 days at a total cost of $3.4 million. Well productivity responses during subsequent flow and swabbing tests were negative. The well failed to inflow and only minor amounts (a few barrels) of light oil were recovered. The lack of production may suggest that actual sustainable reservoir pressure is far less than anticipated. Temblor is currently investigating the costs and operational viability of re-entering the well and conducting an FMI (fracture detection) log and/or an acid stimulation. No final decision or detailed plans have been made regarding these potential interventions at this time.

  5. Pacific Gas and Electric Company's Compressed Air Management Program: A Performance Assessment Approach to Improving Industrial Compressed Air System Operation and Maintenance

    E-print Network

    Qualmann, R. L.; Zeller, W.; Baker, M.

    The Compressed Air Management Program (CAMP) provides Pacific Gas and Electric's (PG&E's) large industrial customers with measurement-based performance assessments of their compressed air systems. Under this program, the customer's system...

  6. Pacific Gas and Electric Company's Compressed Air Management Program: A Performance Assessment Approach to Improving Industrial Compressed Air System Operation and Maintenance 

    E-print Network

    Qualmann, R. L.; Zeller, W.; Baker, M.

    2002-01-01

    The Compressed Air Management Program (CAMP) provides Pacific Gas and Electric's (PG&E's) large industrial customers with measurement-based performance assessments of their compressed air systems. Under this program, the customer's system...

  7. 18 CFR 141.400 - FERC Form No. 3-Q, Quarterly financial report of electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. 141.400 Section...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. (a) Prescription...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies, designated as...

  8. 18 CFR 141.400 - FERC Form No. 3-Q, Quarterly financial report of electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. 141.400 Section...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. (a) Prescription...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies, designated as...

  9. 18 CFR 141.400 - FERC Form No. 3-Q, Quarterly financial report of electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. 141.400 Section...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. (a) Prescription...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies, designated as...

  10. 18 CFR 141.400 - FERC Form No. 3-Q, Quarterly financial report of electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. 141.400 Section...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. (a) Prescription...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies, designated as...

  11. CALIFORNIA ENERGY CALIFORNIA'S STATE ENERGY

    E-print Network

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA'S STATE ENERGY EFFICIENT APPLIANCE REBATE PROGRAM INITIAL November 2009 CEC-400-2009-026-CMD Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor #12;#12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Program Manager Paula David Supervisor Appliance and Process Energy Office Valerie T. Hall Deputy Director

  12. Profile of the chemicals industry in California: Californiaindustries of the future program

    SciTech Connect

    Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst

    2004-06-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) established the Industries of the Future (IOF) program to increase energy efficiency, reduce waste production and to improve competitiveness, currently focusing on nine sectors. The IOF is a partnership strategy involving industry, the research community and the government, working together to identify technology needs, promote industrial partnerships and implement joint measures with all partners involved. The State Industries of the Future (SIOF) program delivers the accomplishments of the national Industries of the Future strategy to the local level, to expand the technology opportunities to a larger number of partners and reach smaller businesses and manufacturers that were not initially involved in the IOF effort. The state programs bring together industry, academia, and state agencies to address the important issues confronting industry in the state. These public-private coalitions facilitate industry solutions locally and enhance economic development. California has started a State Industries of the Future effort, in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy. The California Energy Commission (CEC) is leading the SIOF program in California, as part of many other programs to improve the energy efficiency and performance of industries in California. The California State IOF program aims to build a network of participants from industry, academia and government in four selected industrial sectors as a basis for the development of a strategic partnership for industrial energy efficient technology in the state. In California the IOF effort focuses petroleum refining, chemical processing, food processing and electronics. As part of this effort, the SIOF program will develop roadmaps for technology development for the selected sectors. On the basis of the roadmap, the program will develop successful projects with co-funding from state and federal government, and promote industry-specific energy-efficiency. An important element of the SIOF-program is the preparation of R&D roadmaps for each of the selected industries. The roadmap will help to identify priority needs for the participating industries to meet their energy challenges. The roadmap effort builds on the roadmaps developed by DOE, and on the conditions specific for the industry in California. Key to the successful preparation of a roadmap in the selected industries is the development of a profile of the industries. The profile provides a basis for the participants in the roadmap-effort, especially as the structure of the industries in California can be different than in the nation. The sector profiles describe the current economic and energy situation of these industries in California, the processes and energy uses, and the potential future developments in each industry. The profiles are an integral part of the roadmap, to help working group partners to evaluate the industry's R&D needs for their industry in California. In this report, we focus on the chemicals industry. The industry is an important economic factor in the state, providing over 82,300 jobs directly, and more in indirect employment. Value of shipments in 2001 was just under $25.7 Billion, or 6% of all manufacturing in California. There are over 1,500 chemical plants in California, of which 52% are pharmaceutical companies. Many companies operate chemical plants in California. The industry consumes 8% of the electricity and 5% of the natural gas in California. In this report, we start with a description of the chemical industry in the United States and California. This is followed by a discussion of the energy consumption and energy intensity of the Californian chemical industry. Chapter 3 focuses on the main sub-sectors. For each of the sub-sectors a general process description is provided in Chapter 4. Based on this analysis, in Chapter 5, we discuss potential technology developments that can contribute to further improving the energy efficiency in chemical plants, with a focus on the situation in California.

  13. Procter & Gamble Company Presentation

    E-print Network

    Schöne, Bernd R.

    Companies (#14) Fortune World's Most Admired Companies (#9) Chief Executive Magazine's Top Companies pgcareers.com #12;Universum Pan-European Ranking Top 100 Ideal Employers (#8) Fortune Top 50 Most Profitable

  14. 18 CFR 2.67 - Calculation of taxes for property of pipeline companies constructed or acquired after January 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Calculation of taxes for property of pipeline companies constructed or acquired after... Calculation of taxes for property of pipeline companies constructed or acquired after...1969, 83 Stat. 487, 625, natural gas pipeline companies which have exercised...

  15. 18 CFR 2.67 - Calculation of taxes for property of pipeline companies constructed or acquired after January 1...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Calculation of taxes for property of pipeline companies constructed or acquired after... Calculation of taxes for property of pipeline companies constructed or acquired after...1969, 83 Stat. 487, 625, natural gas pipeline companies which have exercised...

  16. Department of Mathematics, University of California, San Diego

    E-print Network

    Tesler, Glenn

    Department of Mathematics, University of California, San Diego of Mathematics The Mathematics of Options Pricing Abstract: Consider the question of how a derivatives security companies and banks to invest in derivatives. After decades of growing interest and research efforts, Fisher

  17. 41. March 18, 1939 Oakland, California Launching party with sponsor ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    41. March 18, 1939 Oakland, California Launching party with sponsor Miss Harriet Biota Mason (holding flowers) at the Moore Dry Dock Company. - U.S. Coast Guard Cutter FIR, Puget Sound Area, Seattle, King County, WA

  18. 75 FR 24966 - Notice on Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sales

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-06

    ...Corporation, ExxonMobil Exploration Company. Group II. Shell Oil Company, Shell...California, Pure Partners, L.P. Group V. ConocoPhillips Company, ConocoPhillips Alaska, Inc...Exploration Company, Inexco Oil Company. Group VI. Eni Petroleum Co....

  19. 18 CFR 367.4583 - Account 458.3, Compensation for use of capital-Non-associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts...

  20. 18 CFR 367.4581 - Account 458.1, Direct costs charged to non-associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts...

  1. 18 CFR 367.4573 - Account 457.3, Compensation for use of capital-associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts...

  2. Copyright 2008 TTX Company : : CONFIDENTIAL Copyright 2008 TTX Company : : CONFIDENTIAL

    E-print Network

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    © Copyright 2008 TTX Company : : CONFIDENTIAL 1 © Copyright 2008 TTX Company : : CONFIDENTIAL 1 © Copyright 2008 TTX Company : : CONFIDENTIAL #12;© Copyright 2008 TTX Company : : CONFIDENTIAL 2 © Copyright 2008 TTX Company : : CONFIDENTIAL 2 Truck Performance Basics for TTX Jon Jeambey December 5, 2008

  3. The Manufacturing Sector and Job Training in California

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lopez, Elias S.; Bugarin, Alicia

    2004-01-01

    The manufacturing sector is the second largest industry in California (after retail), employing over two million persons (including the self employed) and paying more than $86 billion in wages and salaries. There is concern, however, that California's manufacturing sector is on the decline and that companies are moving elsewhere. This report…

  4. GATE HOUSE FOR UNITED ENGINEERING CO., Alameda, California. Four elevations ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    GATE HOUSE FOR UNITED ENGINEERING CO., Alameda, California. Four elevations and three sections. Alben Froberg, Architect, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 1. Scale 1/4 inch to the foot, elevations. Scale ~ inch to the foot, sections. July 31, 1941. pencil on tracing paper - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Gate House, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

  5. STATE OF CALIFORNIA FAULT DETECTION AND DIAGNOSTICS (FDD) FOR PACKAGED DIRECT EXPANSION UNITS

    E-print Network

    STATE OF CALIFORNIA FAULT DETECTION AND DIAGNOSTICS (FDD) FOR PACKAGED DIRECT EXPANSION UNITS CEC-MECH-12A (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CERTIFICATE OF ACCEPTANCE MECH-12A NA7.5.11 Fault Signed: Position With Company (Title): #12;STATE OF CALIFORNIA FAULT DETECTION AND DIAGNOSTICS (FDD

  6. University of California: California Agriculture

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Based on our nation's heavy reliance on food grown in California, this University of California publication regarding the agricultural affairs of the 31st state will be appreciated by researchers and agriculturalists from around the country. First published in 1946, "_California Agriculture_ is a peer-reviewed journal reporting research, reviews and news from the Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources of the University of California." Site visitors may view abstracts or full text documents of research articles from current and previous issues. In addition, free domestic subscriptions may be ordered online (the journal currently serves around 14,000 domestic subscribers). The site also provides downloadable guidelines for writers.

  7. Code of Regulations State of California

    E-print Network

    . Natural Resources Division 2. Department of Conservation Chapter 2. Implementation of The California State of California Title 14. Natural Resources Division 2. Department of Conservation #12;#12;i TABLE, Regulation, and Conservation of Oil and Gas Resources (includes Subchapter 4. Statewide Geothermal

  8. Plan for Management of Mineral Assess on Native Tribal Lands and for Formation of a Fully Integrated Natural Gas and Oil Exploration and Production Company

    SciTech Connect

    Blechner, Michael H.; Carroll, Herbert B.; Johnson, William I.

    1999-04-27

    This report describes a plan for Native American tribes to assume responsibility for and operation of tribal mineral resources using the Osage Tribe as an example. Under this plan, the tribal council select and employ a qualified Director to assume responsibility for management of their mineral reservations. The procurement process should begin with an application for contracting to the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Under this plan, the Director will develop strategies to increase income by money management and increasing exploitation of natural gas, oil, and other minerals.

  9. Electric Avenue. A Utility Company's Work Experience Program Broadens Opportunities for Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ingles, Pat

    1994-01-01

    A job skills partnership between Southern California Edison Company and local high schools pairs juniors and seniors with journeyworker mentors for a year, experiencing six-week rotations in maintenance, operations, administration, warehouse, and technical occupations. (JOW)

  10. 7. Historic American Buildings Survey American Trust Company File CalPictures ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. Historic American Buildings Survey American Trust Company File Cal-Pictures June 1959 CORNER ENTRANCE AND HITCHING POST - Bank Building, California & Liedesdorff Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

  11. Enhancing Price Response Programs through Auto-DR: California's 2007 Implementation Experience

    SciTech Connect

    Kiliccote, Sila; Wikler, Greg; Chiu, Albert; Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila; Hennage, Dan; Thomas, Chuck

    2007-12-18

    This paper describes automated demand response (Auto-DR) activities, an innovative effort in California to ensure that DR programs produce effective and sustainable impacts. Through the application of automation and communication technologies coupled with well-designed incentives and DR programs such as Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) and Demand Bidding (DBP), Auto-DR is opening up the opportunity for many different types of buildings to effectively participate in DR programs. We present the results of Auto-DR implementation efforts by the three California investor-owned utilities for the Summer of 2007. The presentation emphasizes Pacific Gas and Electric Company's (PG&E) Auto-DR efforts, which represents the largest in the state. PG&E's goal was to recruit, install, test and operate 15 megawatts of Auto-DR system capability. We describe the unique delivery approaches, including optimizing the utility incentive structures designed to foster an Auto-DR service provider community. We also show how PG&E's Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) and Demand Bidding (DBP) options were called and executed under the automation platform. Finally, we show the results of the Auto-DR systems installed and operational during 2007, which surpassed PG&E's Auto-DR goals. Auto-DR is being implemented by a multi-disciplinary team including the California Investor Owned Utilities (IOUs), energy consultants, energy management control system vendors, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), and the California Energy Commission (CEC).

  12. 3. ELEVATIONS, ADDITION TO POWER HOUSE. United Engineering Company Ltd., ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. ELEVATIONS, ADDITION TO POWER HOUSE. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard. John Hudspeth, architect, foot of Main Street, Alameda, California. Sheet 4. Plan no. 10,548. Scale 1/4 inch to the foot, elevations, and one inch to the foot, sections and details. April 30, 1945, last revised 6/19/45. pencil on vellum - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Boiler House, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

  13. STATION BUILDING. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    STATION BUILDING. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plan, elevations, sections, details. Austin Willmott Earl, Consulting Engineer, 233 Sansome Street, San Francisco, California. Drawing no. 504. Various scales. January 20, 1945, no revisions. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76, amendments 4 & 5. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Electrical Services & Switching Station, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

  14. Direct participation of electrical loads in the California independent system operator markets during the Summer of 2000

    SciTech Connect

    Marnay, Chris; Hamachi, Kristina S.; Khavkin, Mark; Siddiqui, Afzal S.

    2001-04-01

    California's restructured electricity markets opened on 1 April 1998. The former investor-owned utilities were functionally divided into generation, transmission, and distribution activities, all of their gas-fired generating capacity was divested, and the retail market was opened to competition. To ensure that small customers shared in the expected benefit of lower prices, the enabling legislation mandated a 10% rate cut for all customers, which was implemented in a simplistic way that fossilized 1996 tariff structures. Rising fuel and environmental compliance costs, together with a reduced ability to import electricity, numerous plant outages, and exercise of market power by generators drove up wholesale electricity prices steeply in 2000, while retail tariffs remained unchanged. One of the distribution/supply companies entered bankruptcy in April 2001, and another was insolvent. During this period, two sets of interruptible load programs were in place, longstanding ones organized as special tariffs by the distribution/supply companies and hastily established ones run directly by the California Independent System Operator (CAISO). The distribution/supply company programs were effective at reducing load during the summer of 2000, but because of the high frequency of outages required by a system on the brink of failure, customer response declined and many left the tariff. The CAISO programs failed to attract enough participation to make a significant difference to the California supply demand imbalance. The poor performance of direct load participation in California's markets reinforces the argument for accurate pricing of electricity as a stimulus to energy efficiency investment and as a constraint on market volatility.

  15. A COMPARISON OF THE FISH ASSEMBLAGES ASSOCIATED WITH AN OIL\\/GAS PIPELINE AND ADJACENT SEAFLOOR IN THE SANTA BARBARA CHANNEL, SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BIGHT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Milton S. Love; Anne York

    An oil pipeline and its surrounding seafloor, located in the Santa Barbara Chan - nel, southern California, were surveyed for fishes using a manned research sub- mersible. The parts of the pipeline and seafloor surveyed were situated in waters 95-235 m deep. Some sections of the surveyed pipe were covered with both sessile and motile invertebrates, such as sea anemones

  16. 18 CFR 367.3991 - Account 399.1, Asset retirement costs for service company property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01...retirement costs for service company property. 367.3991 Section 367... Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...NATURAL GAS ACT Service Company Property Chart of Accounts §...

  17. 18 CFR 367.3991 - Account 399.1, Asset retirement costs for service company property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01...retirement costs for service company property. 367.3991 Section 367... Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...NATURAL GAS ACT Service Company Property Chart of Accounts §...

  18. 18 CFR 367.3991 - Account 399.1, Asset retirement costs for service company property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01...retirement costs for service company property. 367.3991 Section 367... Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...NATURAL GAS ACT Service Company Property Chart of Accounts §...

  19. 18 CFR 367.3991 - Account 399.1, Asset retirement costs for service company property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01...retirement costs for service company property. 367.3991 Section 367... Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...NATURAL GAS ACT Service Company Property Chart of Accounts §...

  20. 18 CFR 367.4181 - Account 418.1, Equity in earnings of subsidiary companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income § 367.4181 Account 418.1, Equity in earnings of subsidiary...

  1. Quantifying Regional Greenhouse Gas Emissions of HFC-134a From Atmospheric Measurements at the Trinidad Head (California), Cape Grim (Tasmania) and Mace Head (Ireland) Remote AGAGE Sites.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Manning, A. J.; Weiss, R. F.; Mühle, J.; Fraser, P. J.; Krummel, P. B.; O'Doherty, S.; Simmonds, P. G.

    2008-12-01

    Atmospheric measurement-based "top-down" approaches to emissions estimation provide a method of validating reported inventory-based "bottom-up" emissions assessments. At the AGAGE (Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment) measurement stations at Trinidad Head (THD) on the Northern California coast (41°N, 124°W), Cape Grim (CGM) on the northwestern tip of Tasmania (41°S, 145°E), and Mace Head (MHD) on the western coast of Ireland (53°N, 10°W), Medusa GC/MS and GC/ECD/FID instrumentation measure a wide range of trace gases in ambient air at high temporal resolution and high precision. Here, the western US, northwestern European and southern Australian emissions of the greenhouse gas (GHG) HFC-134a are estimated using the HFC-134a measurements, an atmospheric dispersion model (NAME), and an inversion methodology. NAME (Numerical Atmospheric dispersion Modelling Environment) is a Lagrangian atmospheric dispersion model that uses 3D meteorology from the UK Met Office numerical weather prediction model. Mid-latitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere baseline concentrations of HFC-134a are determined using NAME and statistical post- processing of the observations, and this baseline is used to generate a time series of "polluted" (above baseline) observations. In this application NAME is run backwards in time for ten days for each 3-hour interval in 1995-2008 for MHD, 2003-2008 for CGM and 2005-2008 for THD releasing thousands of model particles at each observing site. A map is then produced estimating all of the surface (0-100m) contributions within ten days of travel arriving at each site during each interval. The resulting matrix describes the dilution in concentration that occurs from a unit release from each grid as it travels to the measurement site. Iterative inversion modeling is then carried out to generate an emission estimate that provides the best statistical match between the modeled time series and the observations. Uncertainty in the emission estimates is captured by starting each solution from a randomly generated emission map, randomly perturbing the observations by a noise factor, and solving the inversion eight times using two different skill score (cost) functions. Solutions are found for each 24-month period (Jan-Dec, Feb-Jan, etc.) within the timescales given. The estimated emission distributions pick out most of the significant populated areas and estimates very low emissions from the ocean areas. This is consistent with the understanding that HFC-134a is emitted broadly in line with population as it is widely used as a refrigerant, e.g. in car air conditioners. The results using MHD show that the emissions of HFC-134a in northwestern Europe have increased sharply over the past 14 years. The emissions per head of population for each 24-month period from each of the different geographical regions are compared. The emissions for each area are also scaled up to country (USA and Australia) and collective countries (EU-15) totals based on population and compared with UNFCCC inventory estimates.

  2. The Potential of Wind Power and Energy Storage in California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diana Schwyzer

    A great deal of new electricity generating capacity will be needed in California over the next few decades. Given California's Renewable Portfolio Standard and greenhouse gas reduction goals, a significant fraction of this capacity is likely to be renewable; and among renewables, wind energy is particularly promising. Other likely types of capacity additions are natural gas and coal. Unlike these

  3. Adapting California's energy markets to growth in renewable resources

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James E. Price; Anjali Sheffrin

    2010-01-01

    Electric power generation is the second-largest category of greenhouse gas emissions in California, next to transportation. California's administration, legislature, and energy regulators have adopted aggressive targets for renewable energy due to heavy reliance on natural gas as a fuel for electric generation, which will result in profound changes in markets and system operations. The growth of renewable in-state generation involves

  4. California Wildflowers

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The California Academy of Sciences's (CAS) Botany Department hosts this interesting and beautiful site on California's wildflowers. Spectacular color photographs of over 125 species of wildflowers serve as illustrations to this electronic field guide. Users may browse species by flower color (white through brown), common name (Alpine Lily to Yerba Mansa), latin name (Achillea millefolium to Zigadenus fremontii), or family name (Alismataceae through Violaceae). Additionally, floristic regions are provided in a color-coded map of California. For each species, the taxonomic identity (common, Latin, and family names), a description, photographs, and distribution information are provided. Educators and students of botany will find this site particularly useful; others will want to go see California in bloom.

  5. California Coast

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-05-15

    ... Fault on the south and the Garlock Fault on the north. To the northwest are the Sierra Nevada mountains and the agricultural fields of ... MISR category:  gallery date:  Mar 14, 2000 Images:  California Coast ...

  6. Transforming California

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Thomas McGuire

    2001-01-01

    Transforming California is a PowerPoint presentation of digital images (60.7 Mb) exploring the landforms found along the San Andreas Fault. Designed for classroom use, this slideshow provides a complementing narrative for each slide.

  7. CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION California Energy Commission

    E-print Network

    INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION, COALITION FOR CLEAN AIR, DISTRIBUTED ENERGY CONSUMER ADVOCATES, ENVIRONMENT, Coalition for Clean Air, Distributed Energy Consumer Advocates, Environment California Research & PolicyCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION California Energy Commission DOCKETED /3-I"b-P-l PETITION

  8. Where do California's greenhouse gases come from?

    ScienceCinema

    Fischer, Marc

    2013-05-29

    Last March, more than two years after California passed legislation to slash greenhouse gas emissions 25 percent by 2020, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory scientist Marc Fischer boarded a Cessna loaded with air monitoring equipment and crisscrossed the skies above Sacramento and the Bay Area. Instruments aboard the aircraft measured a cocktail of greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide from fossil fuel use, methane from livestock and landfills, CO2 from refineries and power plants, traces of nitrous oxide from agriculture and fuel use, and industrially produced other gases like refrigerants. The flight was part of the Airborne Greenhouse Gas Emissions Survey, a collaboration between Berkeley Lab, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the University of California, and UC Davis to pinpoint the sources of greenhouse gases in central California. The survey is intended to improve inventories of the states greenhouse gas emissions, which in turn will help scientists verify the emission reductions mandated by AB-32, the legislation enacted by California in 2006.

  9. 76 FR 4516 - Revisions to Forms, Statements, and Reporting Requirements for Natural Gas Pipelines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-26

    ...and Reporting Requirements for Natural Gas Pipelines AGENCY: Federal Energy...statements, and reports for natural gas companies, contained in FERC Form...statements, and reports for natural gas companies, contained in FERC...

  10. STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-print Network

    Ninth Street First Floor, Hearing Room A Sacramento, California (Wheelchair Accessible) Note: Audio from examines a range of issues facing the state's electricity, natural gas, and transportation fuel sectors

  11. Gas-supply response in a low-oil-price world: summary of the annual energy seminar for the Gas Research Institute Board of Directors and Advisory Council (7th), Napa, California, August 4-6, 1986

    SciTech Connect

    Farrell, M.D.

    1986-12-01

    The document summarizes the major points made by speakers and participants in a GRI-sponsored energy seminar on the responce of gas markets and gas supplies to reduced oil prices in 1986 and the ongoing changes in the regulation of interstate pipelines. The first session presented GRI's view of the outlook for near- and long-term gas supply. It also focused on the current supply/price of gas and oil from the perspective of a major U.S. gas producer and the U.S. regulatory climate as it effects gas supply and price. The second session focused on various views of the technology needed to increase supply availability and make gas production more economical. The discussion centered on the role of technology in minimizing risk and uncertainty in order to attract investment capital once the current environment of surplus gas deliverability and falling wellhead prices ends.

  12. Assessment of fossil fuel carbon dioxide and other anthropogenic trace gas emissions from airborne measurements over Sacramento, California in spring 2009

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. C. Turnbull; A. Karion; M. L. Fischer; I. Faloona; T. Guilderson; S. J. Lehman; B. R. Miller; J. B. Miller; S. Montzka; T. Sherwood; S. Saripalli; C. Sweeney; P. P. Tans

    2011-01-01

    Direct quantification of fossil fuel CO2 (CO2ff) in atmospheric samples can be used to examine several carbon cycle and air quality questions. We collected in situ CO2, CO, and CH4 measurements and flask samples in the boundary layer and free troposphere over Sacramento, California, USA, during two aircraft flights over and downwind of this urban area during spring of 2009.

  13. California energy flow in 1991

    SciTech Connect

    Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

    1993-04-01

    Energy consumption in California fell in 1991 for the first time in five years. The State`s economy was especially hard hit by a continuing national recession. The construction industry for the second year experienced a dramatic downturn. Energy use in the industrial sector showed a modest increase, but consumption in other end-use categories declined. The decrease in energy used in transportation can be traced to a substantial fall in the sales of both highway diesel fuels and vessel bunkering fuels at California ports, the latter reflecting a mid-year increase in taxes. Gasoline sales by contrast increased as did the number of miles traveled and the number of automobiles in the State. Production in California`s oil and gas fields was at 1990 levels thus arresting a steady decline in output. Due to enlarged steam flooding operations, production at several fields reached record levels. Also countering the decline in many of California fields was new production from the Port Arguello offshore field. California natural gas production, despite a modest 1991 increase, will not fill the use within the State. Petroleum comprised more than half of the State`s energy supply principally for transportation. Natural gas use showed a small increase. Oil products play virtually no role in electrical production. The largest single source of electricity to the State is imports from the Pacific Northwest and from coal-fired plants in the Southwest. Combined contributions to transmitted electricity from renewable and alternate sources declined as hydropower was constrained by a prolonged drought and as geothermal power from the largest and oldest field at The Geysers fell. Windpower grew slightly; however solar power remained at 1990 levels and made no substantial contribution to total power generation.

  14. A classification of carbon footprint methods used by companies

    E-print Network

    Andrews, Suzanne L. D. (Suzanne Lois Denise)

    2009-01-01

    The percent increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration in the atmosphere can be harmful to the environment. There is no single preferred method for measuring GHG output. How can a company classify and choose an appropriate ...

  15. Field size distributions for California Basins

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bartel

    1994-01-01

    Distribution curves for oil and gas field sizes can aid in assessing the future exploration potential of a basin. Field size distribution curves are presented for the San Joaquin, Sacramento, Ventura-Santa Barbara Channel, and Santa Maria basins. The data used here are largely from the published summaries of the California Division of Oil and Gas. It is not only important

  16. California Rocks!

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mary Leech

    These course materials are for a basic college course in geology. Included are a course syllabus, websites of interest, the course project guidelines, and two field trip guides. Students can download a copy of the Periodic Table of the Elements and the Geologic Time Scale (detailed or simplified version). The main feature of the site is a series of slide shows for ten lectures covering basic geology with a focus on California. In addition there are lists of California's common rocks and minerals with photographs of each.

  17. Northern California

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The US Environmental Protection Agency presents this comprehensive dataset for northern California as part of a pilot study for its Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP). EMAP offers easy-to-use, GIS-based land use and environmental data designed to help resource managers better "understand and assess the status and trends in the condition of our ecological resources and the stressors affecting these systems." The northern California dataset includes detailed maps and information on hydrography, land cover, roads, vegetation, soils, land ownership, and so on -- all of which may be downloaded.

  18. California Solar Initiative California Public Utilities Commission

    E-print Network

    the market for solar energy by dramatically reducing the cost of solar. As part of the statewide solar effortCalifornia Solar Initiative California Public Utilities Commission Staff Progress Report January 2009 #12;2 California Solar Initiative CPUC Staff Progress Report - January 2009 The California Public

  19. Business Improvement Company Description

    E-print Network

    Dahl, David B.

    expertise from all backgrounds, specifically accounting, finance, HR, supply chain and marketing; basically of the team. Company Description: Major banking firm Short Project Name: Improve and automate Collaboration

  20. CALIFORNIA DAIRIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    These dairy records were collected by the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) as part of a trial for disease surveillance and prevention purposes. Some records contain GPS coordinates, while the remaining records were obtained through address matching methods u...

  1. California Dreaming

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, Cathy Applefeld

    2011-01-01

    After getting her master's degree from UCLA, Nancy Wills dreamed of starting a school-based guitar program so she could teach students to make music on the instrument she'd loved since she was a kid growing up outside of Yosemite, California. She had a strong belief that guitar was perfect for schools, ideal for individualized playing but also…

  2. Gas geochemistry of a shallow submarine hydrothermal vent associated with the El Requesón fault zone, Bahía Concepción, Baja California Sur, México

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew J. Forrest; Jorge Ledesma-Vázquez; William Ussler; Justin T. Kulongoski; David R. Hilton; H. Gary Greene

    2005-01-01

    We investigated hydrothermal gas venting associated with a coastal fault zone along the western margin of Bahía Concepción, B.C.S., México. Copious discharge of geothermal liquid (?90 °C) and gas is occurring in the intertidal and shallow subtidal zones (to a depth of 13 m) through soft sediments and fractures in rocks along a ?750 m linear trend generally sub-parallel to

  3. Cruise summary for P-1-02-SC: acoustic imaging of natural oil and gas seeps and measurement of dissolved methane concentration in coastal waters near Pt. Conception, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Lorenson, Thomas D.; Dougherty, Jennifer A.; Ussler, William, III; Paull, Charles K.

    2003-01-01

    Water-column acoustic anomalies and methane concentrations were documented in coastal waters surrounding Pt. Conception, California, in March 2002. The purpose of this survey, supported by the Minerals Management Service, was to locate active oil and gas seeps in the area as a background for further studies to determine hydrocarbon flux, mainly oil, into the environment. Objectives in reaching this goal are to (1) document the locations and geochemically fingerprint natural seeps within the offshore southern Santa Maria Basin; (2) geochemically fingerprint coastal tar residues and potential sources, both onshore and offshore, in this region; (3) establish chemical correlations between offshore active seeps and coastal residues thus linking seep sources to oil residues; (4) measure the rate of natural seepage of individual seeps and attempt to assess regional natural oil and gas seepage rates; (5) attempt to predict transport pathways of oil from seep sources to the coastline and; (6) interpret the petroleum system history for the natural seeps. This survey, addressing objective 1, focused on the area from offshore Surf Beach to the north and Gaviota to the south in water depths ranging from 20 to 500m. In addition, nine stations were sampled outside this area to provide a regional context. Water-column methane concentrations were measured in water samples collected from the R/V Point Sur with Niskin bottles from various depths. A total of 724 water samples from 94 stations were collected.

  4. CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSIONCOMMISSION

    E-print Network

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSIONCOMMISSION California Clean Energy Jobs Act: Proposition 39 Draft MEETINGMEETING AGENDA · Summary of California Clean Energy Jobs Act· Summary of California Clean Energy Jobs Act and Questions W U· Wrap Up #12;THE CALIFORNIA CLEAN ENERGY JOBS ACTENERGY JOBS ACT · Combination of two recent

  5. 18 CFR 260.300 - FERC Form No. 3-Q, Quarterly financial report of electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. 260.300 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. (a)...

  6. 18 CFR 260.300 - FERC Form No. 3-Q, Quarterly financial report of electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. 260.300 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. (a)...

  7. 18 CFR 260.300 - FERC Form No. 3-Q, Quarterly financial report of electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. 260.300 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. (a)...

  8. 18 CFR 260.300 - FERC Form No. 3-Q, Quarterly financial report of electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. 260.300 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. (a)...

  9. California Energy Commission: Ocean Energy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This California Energy Commission website discusses how electrical power can be generated from tidal power, wave power, ocean thermal energy conversion, ocean currents, ocean winds, salinity gradients, and other ocean phenomena. Users can learn how different areas of the ocean vary in their potential energy production. The site presents the history of ocean energy production and the issues associated with permitting an ocean wave-energy conversion facility. Users can find links to ocean energy education and to companies and research groups involved with ocean energy development.

  10. Competitor Analysis Company Description

    E-print Network

    Dahl, David B.

    making fan gear such as chairs, tents, and bags with team logos on them. Short Project Name: Competitive chemical company providing the household and industrial detergent, personal care, lubricant, oilfield-based companies and their technologies that are geared for replacing petro-based raw materials. Dossiers would

  11. Zoltek Companies, Inc

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth Eades

    The CEO of Zoltek Companies, Inc., is faced with the opportunity to buy Magyar Viscosa, a company that has recently emerged from bankruptcy and that was not for sale as part of Hungary's privatization program. The student must first decide if acquiring Viscosa would be consistent with Zoltek's operating strategy and then must structure a bid for Viscosa that is

  12. Competitive ancillary service procurement in California

    SciTech Connect

    Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Khavkin, Mark

    2000-01-01

    California has undertaken a major restructuring of its electricity utility sector. Most electricity is now sold in open markets operated by the PX and other entities. Bilateral contracting among some market participants is also permitted. A group of independent generating companies bids into these markets together with out of state resources. In addition to these markets, CAISO operates markets for both imbalance energy and AS, a quite unusual feature of the California system. These markets were initially quite chaotic and were rife with market power problems. However, various reforms have now created a system that functions well. During the restructuring process, special provisions were made to protect public purpose programs, including renewable generation.

  13. The mortality of companies

    PubMed Central

    Daepp, Madeleine I. G.; Hamilton, Marcus J.; West, Geoffrey B.; Bettencourt, Luís M. A.

    2015-01-01

    The firm is a fundamental economic unit of contemporary human societies. Studies on the general quantitative and statistical character of firms have produced mixed results regarding their lifespans and mortality. We examine a comprehensive database of more than 25 000 publicly traded North American companies, from 1950 to 2009, to derive the statistics of firm lifespans. Based on detailed survival analysis, we show that the mortality of publicly traded companies manifests an approximately constant hazard rate over long periods of observation. This regularity indicates that mortality rates are independent of a company's age. We show that the typical half-life of a publicly traded company is about a decade, regardless of business sector. Our results shed new light on the dynamics of births and deaths of publicly traded companies and identify some of the necessary ingredients of a general theory of firms. PMID:25833247

  14. Tracing the subducted oceanic crust beneath the central California continental margin: Results from ocean bottom seismometers deployed during the 1986 Pacific Gas and Electric EDGE experiment

    SciTech Connect

    Trehu, A. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (USA))

    1991-04-10

    Large aperture seismic data were collected on several ocean bottom seismometers (OBS) deployed along a deep crustal seismic profile that was shot across the central California continental margin. The line of shots extends from the oceanic crust seaward of the Santa Lucia Escarpment to the California coast near Morro Bay and crosses the Santa Lucia Basin, Santa Lucia Bank, Santa Maria Basin, and Hosgri fault zone. The OBS data permits one to trace the subducted oceanic crust from seaward of the Santa Lucia Escarpment to beneath the central part of the Santa Maria Basin. Just seaward of the Santa Lucia Escarpment, the oceanic crust is subhorizontal and covered by a thin layer of low-velocity sediment. The velocity (4.5 km/s) and gradient (1.20-1.25 km/s/km) of the upper oceanic crust in this region are well determined and agree with earlier determinations of the crustal structure of the eastern Pacific. Beneath the Santa Lucia Escarpment and Santa Lucia Basin, the oceanic crust dips approximately 16{degrees} to the east. It is overlain by material with a velocity that increases from 4.8 to 6.4 km/s at a depth of 1.7-5.5 km below the seafloor beneath the Santa Lucia Basin. A low-velocity zone may be sandwiched between the subducted crust and this shallow high-velocity material, which the authors interpret to represent obducted oceanic crustal material. Beneath the eastern edge of Santa Lucia Basin, the dip of the subducted oceanic crust decreases to less that 2{degrees}. The configuration of the subducted crust in this region is consistent with imbrication of the subducted crust. Beneath the central Santa Maria Basin, the top of the subducted oceanic crust is at a depth of about 14-16 km and the Moho is at 19-21 km.

  15. California Shipwrecks

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This new site from the California State Lands Commission offers a nice collection of resources for actual or armchair underwater archaeologists. The core of the site is a database of over 1500 California shipwrecks, searchable by keyword in twelve fields. Search returns include ship's name, type, years built and sunk, cause, owner, captain, length, beam, tonnage, engine, and county. The other major feature at the site is an exhibition on the wreck and recovery of the Brother Jonathan. The exhibit includes the story of the ship and its specifications, a passenger list, a photo exhibit of artifacts and video of the wreck, and some comments on the significance of the archaeological remains. Other sections of the site include brief articles on the sinking of eight ships, video and audio clips, and links to related sites.

  16. Historic overview of powerhouse, company houses, and company hotel, after ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Historic overview of powerhouse, company houses, and company hotel, after snowfall; looking west. (photographer unknown, ca. 1910.) - Nooksack Falls Hydroelectric Plant, Route 542, Glacier, Whatcom County, WA

  17. Photocopy of drawing located at National Archives, San Bruno, California ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Photocopy of drawing located at National Archives, San Bruno, California (Navy # 110-A-1 1 of 5. Scofiled Construction Company Mafre Island Office, Mare Island Cal. Details of skylight for pump house stone and concrete dry-dock for US Navy Yard Mare Island Cal, contract no. 257; September 2, 1908. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Pump House, California Avenue, east side between Dry Dock 1 & Dry Dock 2, near Ninth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

  18. Public Health-Related Impacts of Climate Change inCalifornia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. M. Drechsler; N. Motallebi; M. Kleeman; D. Cayan; K. Hayhoe; L. S. Kalkstein; N. L. Miller; J. Jin; R. A. VanCuren

    2005-01-01

    In June 2005 Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger issued Executive Order S-3-05 that set greenhouse gas emission reduction targets for California, and directed the Secretary of the California Environmental Protection Agency to report to the governor and the State legislature by January 2006 and biannually thereafter on the impacts to California of global warming, including impacts to water supply, public health, agriculture,

  19. A PROJECTION OF THE COLD SEASON HYDROCLIMATE IN CALIFORNIA IN MID-

    E-print Network

    Li, Qinbin

    /Agricultural/Water End-Use Energy Efficiency · Renewable Energy Technologies · Transportation In 2003, the CaliforniaDRAFT A PROJECTION OF THE COLD SEASON HYDROCLIMATE IN CALIFORNIA IN MID- TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY UNDER, and demonstration (RD&D) projects to benefit California's electricity and natural gas ratepayers. The PIER Program

  20. eCompany Now

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The online counterpart to the newly launched eCompany Magazine, eCompany Now strives "to be the straight-talking, sophisticated companion to business people who face the risks and opportunities the Web brings to the business world." Along with articles lifted from the print publication, eCompany Now has created several value-added features, including Web Files, which are online resources that correlate to articles in the paper version of the magazine. The site also provides interactive bulletin boards in its Discussion section, links, news headlines, and Hot Topics, which are groupings of articles, links, and bulletin boards related to single topics. While this site obviously has been created to enhance the print edition, eCompany Magazine, even those who don't subscribe to the hard copy will find the information on Web businesses helpful and interesting.

  1. company (company-name, city) 4.2 (h) Assume the companies may be located in

    E-print Network

    Sidorova, Natalia

    company (company-name, city) 4.2 (h) Assume the companies may be located in several cities. Find all companies located in every city in which SBC is located. { t | ccompany (t[comp-name]=c[comp-name] c1company (c1[comp-name] = "SBC" c2company (c2[comp-name]=c[comp-name] c2[city] = c1[city

  2. An integrated 3-D seismic facies analysis of productive Upper Cretaceous and Lower Tertiary Formations of the Willows-Beehive Bend Gas Field, Sacramento Basin, California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. H. Gabay; M. H. Link; J. E. Damuth; C. T. Kalkomey

    1990-01-01

    An integrated seismic facies analysis of the Willows-Beehive Bend gas field, using three-dimensional seismic data has led to improved identification of reservoir facies, depositional environments, and reservoir parameters. These three-dimensional data were interpreted together with cores, time-based wireline logs, synthetic seismograms, and six regional two-dimensional seismic lines. The three productive formations studied include (1) the Eocene Princeton Gorge fill, which

  3. 18 CFR 367.8000 - Accounts 800-894, Gas operation and maintenance accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE...UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operation and Maintenance Expense Chart of...

  4. 18 CFR 367.8000 - Accounts 800-894, Gas operation and maintenance accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE...UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operation and Maintenance Expense Chart of...

  5. 18 CFR 367.8000 - Accounts 800-894, Gas operation and maintenance accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE...UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operation and Maintenance Expense Chart of...

  6. 18 CFR 367.8000 - Accounts 800-894, Gas operation and maintenance accounts.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ...UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE...UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operation and Maintenance Expense Chart of...

  7. California's Water Energy Relationship

    E-print Network

    1 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION California's Water ­ Energy Relationship Prepared in Support The California's Water-Energy Relationship report is the product of contributions by many California Energy, Lorraine White and Zhiqin Zhang. Staff would also like to thank the members of the Water-Energy Working

  8. Company and Industry Research guide

    E-print Network

    Azevedo, Ricardo

    these positions? What type of company ­ publicly traded, privately held, non-profit, etc.? Is the company partCompany and Industry Research guide career.uh.edu 713-743-5100 ucs@uh.edu #12;July 2013 University are going away, company buyouts, changing technology, along with other factors. In an age of downsizing

  9. The superefficient company.

    PubMed

    Hammer, M

    2001-09-01

    Most companies do a great job promoting efficiency within their own walls, streamlining internal processes wherever possible. But they have less success coordinating cross-company business interactions. When data pass between companies, inconsistencies, errors, and misunderstandings routinely arise, leading to wasted work--for instance, the same sales, order entry, and customer data may be entered repeatedly into different systems. Typically, scores of employees at each company manage these cumbersome interactions. The costs of such inefficiencies are very real and very large. In this article, Michael Hammer outlines the activities and goals used in streamlining cross-company processes. He breaks down the approach into four stages: scoping--identifying the business process for redesign and selecting a partner; organizing--establishing a joint committee to oversee the redesign and convening a design team to implement it; redesigning--taking apart and reassembling the process, with performance goals in mind; and implementing--rolling out the new process and communicating it across the collaborating companies. The author describes how several companies have streamlined their supply-chain and product development processes. Plastics compounder Geon integrated its forecasting and fulfillment processes with those of its main supplier after watching inventories, working capital, and shipping times creep up. General Mills coordinated the delivery of its yogurt with Land O'Lakes; butter and yogurt travel cost effectively in the same trucks to the same stores. Hammer says this new kind of collaboration promises to change the traditional vocabulary of corporate relationships. What if you and I sell different products to the same customer? We're not competitors, but what are we? In the past, we didn't care. Now, we should, the author says. PMID:11550633

  10. 77 FR 31838 - Notice of Orders Granting Authority to Import and Export Natural Gas and Liquefied Natural Gas...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-30

    ...Orders Granting Authority to Import and Export Natural Gas and Liquefied Natural Gas During April 2012 AGENCY: Office of Fossil Energy...12-34-NG Northwest Natural Gas Company............ 12-41-NG...

  11. Northern California CO2 Reduction Project

    SciTech Connect

    Hymes, Edward

    2010-06-16

    C6 Resources LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Shell Oil Company, worked with the US Department of Energy (DOE) under a Cooperative Agreement to develop the Northern California CO2 Reduction Project. The objective of the Project is to demonstrate the viability of using Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) to reduce existing greenhouse gas emissions from industrial sources on a large-scale. The Project will capture more than 700,000 metric tonnes of CO2 per year, which is currently being vented to the atmosphere from the Shell Martinez Refinery in Contra Costa County. The CO2 will be compressed and dehydrated at the refinery and then transported via pipeline to a sequestration site in a rural area in neighboring Solano County. The CO2 will be sequestered into a deep saline formation (more than two miles underground) and will be monitored to assure secure, long-term containment. The pipeline will be designed to carry as much as 1,400,000 metric tonnes of CO2 per year, so additional capacity will be available to accommodate CO2 captured from other industrial sources. The Project is expected to begin operation in 2015. The Project has two distinct phases. The overall objective of Phase 1 was to develop a fully definitive design basis for the Project. The Cooperative Agreement with the DOE provided cost sharing for Phase 1 and the opportunity to apply for additional DOE cost sharing for Phase 2, comprising the design, construction and operation of the Project. Phase 1 has been completed. DOE co-funding is provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009. As prescribed by ARRA, the Project will stimulate the local economy by creating manufacturing, transportation, construction, operations, and management jobs while addressing the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at an accelerated pace. The Project, which will also assist in meeting the CO2 reduction requirements set forth in California?s Climate Change law, presents a major opportunity for both the environment as well as the region. C6 Resources is conducting the Project in collaboration with federally-funded research centers, such as Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. C6 Resources and Shell have identified CCS as one of the critical pathways toward a worldwide goal of providing cleaner energy. C6 Resources, in conjunction with the West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (WESTCARB), has conducted an extensive and ongoing public outreach and CCS education program for local, regional and state-wide stakeholders. As part of a long term relationship, C6 Resources will continue to engage directly with community leaders and residents to ensure public input and transparency. This topical report summarizes the technical work from Phase 1 of the Project in the following areas: ? Surface Facility Preliminary Engineering: summarizes the preliminary engineering work performed for CO2 capture, CO2 compression and dehydration at the refinery, and surface facilities at the sequestration site ? Pipeline Preliminary Engineering: summarizes the pipeline routing study and preliminary engineering design ? Geologic Sequestration: summarizes the work to characterize, model and evaluate the sequestration site ? Monitoring, Verification and Accounting (MVA): summarizes the MVA plan to assure long-term containment of the sequestered CO2

  12. A Monte Carlo simulation method for the assessment of undiscovered, conventional oil and gas: Chapter 26 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Charpentier, Ronald R.; Klett, T.R.

    2007-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey has developed two Monte Carlo programs for assessment of undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources. EMCEE (for Energy Monte Carlo) and Emc2 (for Energy Monte Carlo program 2) are programs that calculate probabilistic estimates of undiscovered resources based on input distributions for numbers and sizes of undiscovered fields. Emc2 uses specific types of distributions for the input, whereas EMCEE allows greater flexibility of the input distribution types.

  13. Safety Data Sheet Material Name: OXYGEN, COMPRESSED GAS SDS ID: MAT12831

    E-print Network

    Carpick, Robert W.

    Color: colorless Physical Form: gas Odor: odorless Health Hazards: No significant target effectsSafety Data Sheet Material Name: OXYGEN, COMPRESSED GAS SDS ID: MAT12831 AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION * * * Material Name: OXYGEN, COMPRESSED GAS Manufacturer Information MATHESON TRI-GAS

  14. Measurements of organic molecular markers in California using comprehensive 2-Dimensional Gas Chromatograph High-Resolution Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (GCxGC-HRTOF-MS)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chan, A. W.; Isaacman, G. A.; Worton, D. R.; Kreisberg, N. M.; Schilling, K. A.; Craven, J. S.; Metcalf, A. R.; Hersey, S. P.; Rubitschun, C. L.; Lin, Y. H.; Offenberg, J. H.; Surratt, J. D.; Seinfeld, J.; Hering, S. V.; Goldstein, A. H.

    2011-12-01

    Understanding the sources and transformation processes of organic aerosol requires detailed speciation of organic compounds. Molecular markers specific to individual sources help determine the contribution of each source to organic aerosol emissions. In previous work using one-dimensional gas-chromatograph mass spectrometry (GC/MS), less than 10-20% of the organic fraction has been identified, with a large contribution of unresolved complex mixture (UCM). Two-dimensional gas-chromatograph is a novel technique which provides excellent resolution to separate compounds buried in this complex mixture. In addition to a volatility-based chromatographic separation, compounds are further separated on a second column based on their polarities. Here we report measurements of more than 200 resolved compounds observed on filters collected during CalNex 2010 in Bakersfield and Pasadena, and during a large biomass burning event in the Los Angeles area (Station Fire). High volume filter samples are thermally desorbed in a Gerstel Thermal Desorption System (TDS2) and preconcentrated on a cooled inlet (CIS). The compounds are then analyzed by comprehensive 2-dimensional GC using a Zoex modulator, followed by high-resolution mass spectrometry (Tofwerks). Compound identification is carried out by comparison of retention times with known standards, mass spectral library match, and identification of molecular fragments by exact mass. A wide range of compounds are observed: n-alkanes, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, and oxygenated compounds such as acids, esters and ketones. While levoglucosan was observed in organic aerosol produced during the Station Fire, many other compounds revealed by two-dimensional GC (such as resin acids, lignin pyrolysis products) show elevated signals, suggesting that other molecular markers can provide additional information about aerosol formation processes during biomass burning events.

  15. Field Demonstration of a Membrane Process to Separate Nitrogen from Natural Gas

    SciTech Connect

    Kaaeid Lokhandwala

    2007-03-31

    The original proposal described the construction and operation of a 1 MMscfd treatment system to be operated at a Butcher Energy gas field in Ohio. The gas produced at this field contained 17% nitrogen. During pre-commissioning of the project, a series of well tests showed that the amount of gas in the field was significantly smaller than expected and that the nitrogen content of the wells was very high (25 to 30%). After evaluating the revised cost of the project, Butcher Energy decided that the plant would not be economical and withdrew from the project. Since that time, Membrane Technology and Research, Inc. (MTR) has signed a marketing and sales partnership with ABB Lummus Global, a large multinational corporation. MTR is working with the company's Randall Gas Technology group, a supplier of equipment and processing technology to the natural gas industry. Randall's engineering group found a new site for the project at a North Texas Exploration (NTE) gas processing plant, which met with limited success. However, a small test system was installed at a Twin Bottoms Energy well in Kentucky. This unit operated successfully for six months, and demonstrated the technology's reliability on a small scale. MTR then located an alternative test site with much larger gas flow rates and signed a contract with Towne Exploration in the third quarter of 2006, for a demonstration plant in Rio Vista, California, to be run through May 2007. The demonstration for Towne has already resulted in the sale of two commercial skids to the company; both units will be delivered by the end of 2007. Total sales of nitrogen/natural gas membrane separation units from the partnership with ABB are now approaching $4.0 million.

  16. 22. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 2. United Engineering Company ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    22. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 2. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plans, section, & detail. Alben Froberg, Architect, 3454 Harlan Street, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 2. Plan no. 10,525. Various scales. March 1, 1942, last revised 3/15/43. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76. Approved for construction October 9, 1943. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Engineering Building, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

  17. 23. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 3. United Engineering Company ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 3. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plans, section, & detail. Alben Froberg, Architect, 3454 Harlan Street, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 3. Plan no. 10,525. Various scales. March 1, 1943, last revised 3/15/43. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76. Approved for construction October 9, 1943. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Engineering Building, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

  18. Adequacy of Hong Kong-California Business Communication Methods.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gould, John W.; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Interviewed managers of companies communicating between Hong Kong and California and found they employed seven basic methods: telex, letter, telephone, visit, courier, computer, and telegram. Revealed advantages and disadvantages of each method and recommended a number of safeguards against their misuse. (PD)

  19. Boston Gas Photos

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    For almost one hundred years, the Boston Gas Company documented their various infrastructure and maintenance projects by employing local commercial photographers to document everything from laying gas pipes to the construction of company facilities in and around Boston. The Boston Gas Company photographs are in the collection of the Boston College Libraries, and visitors to this site can check out almost 400 images which date from 1882 to 1972 here. As a whole, the collection offers a rather diverse portrait of urban life, with shots that include men at work, neighborhoods like Dorchester and East Boston under development, and street signage. Visitors can peruse the photographs by Library of Congress subject headings, geographic area, or by corporate name. Of course, visitors are also most welcome to create their own customized search via the search engine.

  20. Southern California Channel Islands Bibliography, through 1992

    E-print Network

    Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary

    1992-01-01

    tissue/storm runoff/aerial fallout/DDT/Palos Verdes Peninsula/Santa Monica Bay/ municipal waste waters/chorinated benzene/Tissues/Wastewaters/ Metabolism/Pollutant detection/Bioindicators/Flatfish/PCB compounds/Outfalls/Benthic organisms/Gas chromatography/Southern California Bight/chlorinated benzenes/

  1. Essays on the California Drought

    E-print Network

    Luoma, Samuel N.

    2014-01-01

    JUNE 2014 Essays on the California Drought Samuel N. Luoma*1 University of California Drought Summit, California Statedrought, human and ecological demands for water are not aligned with supplies in California.

  2. Sunshine Power Company MEA

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kerri Caudill

    2012-08-03

    This Model Eliciting Activity (MEA) is written at a 4th grade level. In this open-ended problem, students must consider how to rank wind companies based on factors like windiness, noise levels, and power output. In teams, students determine their procedures and write letters back to the client.

  3. Gibson Insurance Company

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Haskins; Kristy Lilly; Liz Smith

    This case provides students with an opportunity to practice a set of activity-based costing calculations. More importantly, it provides an instructor with the opportunity to challenge students to think about and to discuss the rationale used by the case protagonist to revise the means by which the company allocates corporate support costs to the product lines and to the business

  4. Aurora Textile Company

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth Eades; Lucas Doe

    This case asks the student to decide whether Aurora Textile Company can create value by upgrading its spinning machine to produce higher-quality yarn that sells for a higher margin. Cost information allows the student to produce cash-flow projections for both the existing spinning machine and the new machine. The cash flows have many different cost components, including depreciation, the number

  5. [Company Name] [Street Address

    E-print Network

    Weaver, Harold A. "Hal"

    [Company Name] [Street Address] [City, ST ZIP Code] Phone [phone] FIXED PRICE INVOICE INVOICE #[100 Building Baltimore, MD 21218-2685 PAYMENT TO: [Recipient Name] [Address] [City, ST and ZIP Code] [Phone FOR QUESTIONS CONCERNING THIS INVOICE ­ NAME, PHONE AND FAX NUMBER AND E-ADDRESS. Certification

  6. Mechanical Engineer Company Description

    E-print Network

    Kostic, Milivoje M.

    Mechanical Engineer Company Description Control Solutions Inc. is a small, dynamic, and rapidly. Position Description The Mechanical Engineer is responsible for all aspects associated with the mechanicalE Mechanism, when applicable. · Perform static, dynamic, vibration, thermal, and other engineering analysis

  7. Historic overview of newly completed powerhouse, company houses, and company ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    Historic overview of newly completed powerhouse, company houses, and company hotel, after snowfall; looking west. (photographer unknown, ca. 1906 - Nooksack Falls Hydroelectric Plant, Route 542, Glacier, Whatcom County, WA

  8. Kern River Cogeneration Company Box 80478, Bakers'field, CA 93380 (661) 615-4630 Neil E. Burgess, Executive Director

    E-print Network

    Kern River Cogeneration Company Box 80478, Bakers'field, CA 93380 (661) 615-4630 Neil E. Burgess Commission 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, CA 95814 Re: Kern River Cogeneration Company (82-AFC-2C the operation of the combustion gas turbine units at Kern River Cogeneration Company in an extended startup mode

  9. Spatial Variability of Greenhouse Gas (CH4, N20, and CO2) Soil Fluxes in Restored and Historic Marshes in California

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sherrill, K. P.; Anisfeld, S. C.

    2014-12-01

    Tidal wetlands exchange trace amounts of the potent greenhouse gases (GHGs) methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N20) at the soil-atmosphere interface, potentially diminishing or reversing their role as net carbon dioxide (CO2) sinks. Thus the effectiveness of wetland restoration and creation as a carbon-offset activity is to a large degree influenced by the magnitude of GHG flux rates and their ecological and management drivers. This study sought to evaluate the spatial variation of GHG emissions in a marsh complex by utilizing the static soil chamber technique and gas chromatography to estimate flux rates. We used stratified random sampling to collect flux measurements within a 1065 acre brackish wetland complex, of which 565 acres were restored, in Tomales Bay, CA. Salinities at sample locations ranged from 0.38 to 30ppt. Flux estimates and statistics were calculated using the HMR procedure (HMR package in R) for static chamber data. Briefly, the procedure categorizes data series and assigns the most appropriate data analysis: linear regression, nonlinear regression (Hutchinson and Mosier) or no significant flux. Daily methane emission rates were modeled using a linear regression of log-transformed methane flux data as the response variable and salinity as the predictor variable, yielding a relatively strong negative relationship (Log(CH4 mg m-2day-1) = 2.69 - 0.0465 x Salinity (ppt), R2= 0.49, P<0.0001). Both methane and nitrous oxide flux rates were significantly higher in samples taken from the restored marsh area (N=46) than from locations in the adjacent reference marsh (N=24) (P=0.012, P=0.049 respectively), however, carbon dioxide flux rates were not statistically different between the two areas. The results of this study suggest that wetland restoration and creation activities for the purpose of carbon-offsets should consider utilizing polyhaline sites (18-30ppt) and long-term monitoring of GHG flux rates to verify net carbon sequestration.

  10. CALIFORNIA CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH

    E-print Network

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH CHANGES IN LAND USE IN WASHINGTON. Carbon Sequestration Through Changes in Land Use in Washington: Costs and Opportunities. California for Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration in Oregon. Report to Winrock International. #12;ii #12;iii Preface

  11. Extracting company names from text

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa F. Rau

    1991-01-01

    A detailed description is given of an implemented algorithm that extracts company names automatically from financial news. Extracting company names from text is one problem; recognizing subsequent references to a company is another. The author addresses both problems in an implemented, well-tested module that operates as a detachable process from a set of natural language processing tools. She implements a

  12. Company Annual Reports Online (CAROL)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Company Annual Reports Online (CAROL) is a free corporate service offering direct links to the annual reports of a variety of European companies. The reports are arranged in alphabetical order by company name or industry type for direct searches or browsing. In addition, recent articles and statistics on Investor Relations and the Internet are available from CAROL's The Marketplace index.

  13. Multilingualism in Companies: An Introduction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Tamah; Strubell, Miquel

    2013-01-01

    This thematic collection of four papers explores a number of perspectives on companies in which multiple languages are used. The "organisational" perspective concerns the question of how the presence of or demand for multiple languages in the company is managed--how companies are guided by national and other policies in regard to the use…

  14. Tests to produce and recover carbon dioxide by burning coal in oxygen and recycled flue gas: Black Hills Power and Light Company Customer Service Center Boiler No. 2, Rapid City, South Dakota

    SciTech Connect

    Kumar, R.; Fuller, T.; Kocourek, R.; Teats, G.; Young, J.; Myles, K.; Wolsky, A.

    1987-12-01

    Experiments were conducted using a modified stoker-fired boiler (2.2 x 10/sup 6/ Btu/h) instrumented to examine the feasibility of producing and recovering carbon dioxide by burning coal in oxygen and recycled flue gas in a utility environment. The tests demonstrated that the boiler can be operated in the oxygen-blown/flue-gas-recirculation mode without any noticeable effects on coal combustion, heat delivery to the water, or the coal-feed or ash-handling systems. Pretest calculations showed that a feasible set of operating parameters for a carbon-dioxide-producing combustor system tightly sealed against air infiltration and containing no more than about 5% O/sub 2/ (dry basis) at the furnace exit would be a flue-gas recycling ratio between 0.6 and 0.7 and an oxygen feed rate of 1.17 g-moles per g-atom of carbon, yielding an exhaust gas composition (wet basis) of approximately 46.9% CO/sub 2/, 50.6% H/sub 2/O, and 2.5% O/sub 2/. This composition corresponds to a product gas containing 95% CO/sub 2/ and 5% O/sub 2/ (dry basis). However, because air leaked into the test combustor and the flue-gas handling system, the highest carbon dioxide concentration achieved in the exhaust gas was 48.5% (dry basis). Major sources of inleakage were the furnace brickwork, the gas-handling system, and the coal-feed and ash-extraction systems. 40 figs.

  15. Company profile: tengion.

    PubMed

    Bertram, Timothy

    2009-05-01

    Founded in 2005, Tengion is a clinical-stage organ regeneration company with products in urologic, vascular and renal regeneration based on its proprietary Autologous Organ Regeneration Platform. Tengion uses biocompatible materials and a patient's own (autologous) cells to assemble neo-organs or neo-tissues that are designed to catalyze the body's innate ability to regenerate. Tengion is a fully-integrated organization, with scalable US and European manufacturing and distribution capabilities, experienced research, development, clinical and commercial teams, and significant intellectual property. The company's corporate headquarters and commercial manufacturing facility are in East Norriton, PA, USA, and its research offices, a development laboratory and a pilot manufacturing facility are located in Winston-Salem, NC, USA. Tengion's product candidates may ultimately address the most critical problems facing organ and tissue failure patients, enabling people to lead healthier lives without donor transplants or the side effects of related therapies. PMID:19438309

  16. Endangered California Condor

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    An endangered California condor flies over the Bitter Creek National Wildlife Refuge, California. USGS scientists are helping managers understand how California condors use their habitat, gaining valuable information that will help inform not only which potential energy development sites are likely ...

  17. NORTHERN CALIFORNIA METALLURGICAL SECTION

    E-print Network

    Wu, Junqiao

    , California COFFEE BREASt "V--MOS Technology" Dr. Thurman J. Rodgers American Micro--Systems, Inc. Santa Clara Clara, California 3:00 COFFEE SREAR 3:30 "Recent Advances in Electroluminescent Memory Devices" Dr will be presented to Berry L. Chin, Department of Mmteriala Science, University of California, Berkeley, for his

  18. 07format revised 11/20 (Name of Farm or Company)

    E-print Network

    Leistikow, Bruce N.

    07format revised 11/20 (Name of Farm or Company) (Location or Address) INJURY AND ILLNESS Environmental Health & Safety Office and the Western Center for Agricultural Health & Safety #12;SMALL FARM been prepared in accordance with California Code of Regulations (CCR) Title 8, Section 3203. Farm Name

  19. California Sea Grant 1 California Sea Grant

    E-print Network

    Jaffe, Jules

    California Sea Grant 1 California Sea Grant Strategic Plan 2010­2013 #12;2 Strategic Plan 2010­2013 The National Sea Grant College Program, U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, supported this publication under NOAA grant number NA08OAR4170669, project number C/P-1 through

  20. Unaccounted-for gas project. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Cima, K.M.; Cottengim, T.L.; Wong, R.M.; Cowgill, R.M.; Grinstead, J.R.

    1990-06-01

    The project was undertaken to quantify the losses of gas volume from a gas transmission and distribution system in California due to leaks, customer theft, accounting methods, and gas meter inaccuracies. Separate reports on the findings from each of the four task groups are included on the database.

  1. Design considerations: Upgrading Boston Gas odorant stations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1995-01-01

    Boston Gas Company (BGC) has progressed beyond the half-way point on a four-year program to upgrade its odorant injection systems. An experienced odorization team from BGC`s Gas Supply and Production Department set out to redesign odorant storage, piping and injection system operation and to research the availability of improved odorization equipment. Research included investigating odorization practices of other gas companies

  2. 75 FR 71417 - 2010 Company Organization Survey

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-11-23

    ...companies report only on basic company affiliation and operations of...years, all multi-establishment companies with 250 or more employees report survey information. Also, groups of smaller companies that are divided into...

  3. 78 FR 64911 - 2013 Company Organization Survey

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-30

    ...companies report only on basic company affiliation and operations of...years, all multi- establishment companies with 250 or more employees report survey information. Also, groups of smaller companies that are divided into...

  4. 76 FR 62759 - 2011 Company Organization Survey

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-11

    ...companies report only on basic company affiliation and operations of...years, all multi- establishment companies with 250 or more employees report survey information. Also, groups of smaller companies that are divided into...

  5. Emissions of organic carbon and methane from petroleum and dairy operations in California?s San Joaquin Valley

    EPA Science Inventory

    Petroleum and dairy operations are prominent sources of gas-phase organic compounds in California's San Joaquin Valley. It is essential to understand the emissions and air quality impacts of these relatively understudied sources, especially for oil/gas operations in light of incr...

  6. 46 CFR 15.1010 - California.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...08?30?W, thence westerly along the shoreline to latitude 34°28?06?N, longitude 120°16?00?W. (g) Moss Landing, CA. The waters including the Pacific Gas and Electric Company Power Plant, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at...

  7. 46 CFR 15.1010 - California.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...08?30?W, thence westerly along the shoreline to latitude 34°28?06?N, longitude 120°16?00?W. (g) Moss Landing, CA. The waters including the Pacific Gas and Electric Company Power Plant, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at...

  8. STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-print Network

    Not Pass 65 South Coast Air Quality Management District CNG Tank Replacement and Education and Outreach $4 Commission 1516 Ninth Street, MS-27 Sacramento, CA 95814 (916) 654-4631 #12;South Coast Air California Energy-gas to LNG Production Facility $5,000,000 $0 Disqualified Did Not Pass 64 South Coast Air QualityQuality

  9. Outfits - Company A - 8 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2006-01-01

    Oil and gas auctions help transact billions of dollars in property sales in the US each year. Value is lost by participants with ineffective strategies. Federal lease auctions have been investigated from public data, but ...

  10. Learning from California`s QF auction

    SciTech Connect

    Gribik, P.

    1995-04-15

    California`s 1993 qualifying facility (QF) auction dramatically illustrates problems that can be encountered in structuring auctions for electric utility solicitations of supply-side resources from qualifying cogeneration and small power production facilities. In the 1993 California QF auction, three California utilities were to select QFs that would be awarded long-term purchased-power contracts. The auction produced some unexpected outcomes that could potentially cost the utilities and their customers tens of millions of dollars per year. A year after the auction was held, the parties were still attempting to revise contracts, or even rebid a portion of the auction. And all of this effort may come to naught, depending upon what happens now that the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has struck down the auction process under California`s Biennial Resource Plan Update, claiming that it violates the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) by using an improper method to calculate avoided costs. A study of the California QF auction illustrates yet again that the devil is in the details. And the stakes will only rise farther as regulators in other states rely more on auctions to open up the electric industry to further competition.

  11. The early laser years at Hughes Aircraft Company

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Smith, G. F.

    1984-06-01

    The ruby laser, the Q-switched laser, stimulated Raman scattering, noble gas ion lasers, and laser rangefinding were the most noteworthy early laser contributions by scientists and engineers of the Hughes Aircraft Company. This paper provides a history of these accomplishments. Several other early Hughes achievements are mentioned.

  12. 18 CFR 367.53 - Service company property purchased or sold.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2012-04-01...2012-04-01 false Service company property purchased or sold. 367... Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...NATURAL GAS ACT Service Company Property Instructions § 367.53...

  13. 18 CFR 367.53 - Service company property purchased or sold.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2013-04-01...2013-04-01 false Service company property purchased or sold. 367... Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...NATURAL GAS ACT Service Company Property Instructions § 367.53...

  14. 18 CFR 367.50 - Service company property to be recorded at cost.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01...2014-04-01 false Service company property to be recorded at cost. ...Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...NATURAL GAS ACT Service Company Property Instructions § 367.50...

  15. 18 CFR 367.53 - Service company property purchased or sold.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2014-04-01...2014-04-01 false Service company property purchased or sold. 367... Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...NATURAL GAS ACT Service Company Property Instructions § 367.53...

  16. 18 CFR 367.53 - Service company property purchased or sold.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2011-04-01...2011-04-01 false Service company property purchased or sold. 367... Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...NATURAL GAS ACT Service Company Property Instructions § 367.53...

  17. Should gas distributors trade futures

    SciTech Connect

    Rosenkranz, J.A. (EnerPro, Inc., Chicago, IL (United States))

    1991-05-01

    On April 3, 1990, the New York Mercantile Exchange began trading futures contracts on natural gas. Is this market something that regulated gas utilities should be involved in Do the potential benefits outweigh the possible costs and risks And if gas utilities are allowed to engage in futures trading, should state utility regulators place controls on how these markets are used This article reviews the economic rationale for futures trading and examines the options available to state regulators for dealing with futures trading by companies under their jurisdiction. It also looks at some of the precedents for restricting the futures trading activities of regulated companies.

  18. 17 CFR 250.58 - Exemption of investments in certain nonutility companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...energy-related company; Provided, That, after giving effect to any such acquisition, the aggregate investment by such...storage and conversion, energy efficiency, waste treatment, greenhouse gas reduction, and similar innovations; (iii) The...

  19. 17 CFR 250.58 - Exemption of investments in certain nonutility companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...energy-related company; Provided, That, after giving effect to any such acquisition, the aggregate investment by such...storage and conversion, energy efficiency, waste treatment, greenhouse gas reduction, and similar innovations; (iii) The...

  20. 18 CFR 367.23 - Transactions with non-associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE...HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS...disallowance by a State Commission or Federal Commission...

  1. 18 CFR 367.23 - Transactions with non-associate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY REGULATORY COMMISSION, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REGULATIONS UNDER THE...HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS...disallowance by a State Commission or Federal Commission...

  2. California energy flow in 1993

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Borg, I. Y.; Briggs, C. K.

    1995-04-01

    Energy consumption in the state of California decreased about 3% in 1993 reflecting continuation of the recession that was manifest in a moribund construction industry and a high state unemployment that ran counter to national recovery trends. Residential/commercial use decreased slightly reflecting a mild winter in the populous southern portion of the state, a decrease that was offset to some extent by an increase in the state population. Industrial consumption of purchased energy declined substantially as did production of self-generated electricity for in-house use. Consumption in the transportation sector decreased slightly. The amount of power transmitted by the utilities was at 1992 levels; however a smaller proportion was produced by the utilities themselves. Generation of electricity by nonutilities, primarily cogenerators and small power producers, was the largest of any state in the US. The growth in the number of private power producers combined with increased amounts of electricity sold to the public utilities set the stage for the sweeping proposals before the California Public Utility Commission to permit direct sales from the nonutilities to retail customers. California production of both oil and natural gas declined; however, to meet demand only the imports of natural gas increased. A break in the decade-long drought during the 1992-1993 season resulted in a substantial increase in the amount of hydroelectricity generated during the year. Geothermal energy's contribution increased substantially because of the development of new resources by small power producers. Decline in steam production continued at The Geysers, the state's largest field, principally owned and managed by a public utility. Increases in windpower constituted 1-1/2% of the total electric supply, up slightly from 1992. Several solar photovoltaic demonstration plants were in operation, but their contribution remained small.

  3. Getting along with reporters, environmentalists, and regulators: how to get your company`s message on the air

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne Pearson

    1994-01-01

    Oil and gas companies continue to get clobbered with expensive and punishing environmental regulations and drilling bans because they have done a poor job of convincing the public, the press, and the government that their operating practices are environmentally safe. The oil industry also continues to be perceived as arrogant and secretive, which only aggravates its problems. Smart operators must

  4. California Oil's Past, Present and Future: Coastal District

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert Richardson

    1972-01-01

    Oil and gas exploration and development in the California Coastal District starts with the first well drilled in S. California in 1865 and progresses from an early period of exploration adjacent to surface oil seeps, through a 50-yr period of giant oil field discoveries and up to present-day offshore exploration in 1,300 ft of water from floating vessels. Exploration of

  5. Improved helium exchange gas cryostat and sample tube designs for automated gas sampling and cryopumping

    E-print Network

    Severinghaus, Jeffrey P.

    Improved helium exchange gas cryostat and sample tube designs for automated gas sampling, California 92093-0244, USA [1] In order to eliminate the use of liquid helium for the extraction of atmospheric gases from polar ice cores, two units of a redesigned top load helium exchange gas cryostat were

  6. How is Order 636 affecting the gas producing industry

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-10-01

    This paper is an interview with an energy representative for a major gas-producing company regarding the impact of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Order 636. This legislation was suppose to streamline the interstate transportation of natural gas unhindered by local distribution company (LCD) interference. Many times these LCD's owned a portion of the necessary pipeline route used to transport natural gas, and as a result, had a priority on purchasing pipeline gas whenever they needed. This could, in turn, result in a depletion of contract gas which was in-route to a specified contract market. Such interferences caused problems with the contract markets, but could boost the net profits to natural gas companies who had excess gas that could be sold in-route to other markets. This paper addresses both the pro's and cons' of this new regulation on both the pipeline and gas producing companies.

  7. Low-income households and energy use in California

    SciTech Connect

    Vine, E.L.; Gold, S.J.

    1985-03-01

    This report examines the relationship between energy consumption and income with a particular emphasis on low-income households in California. The low-income population constitutes 10 to 20% of California's population, and almost 20% of these people live in the rural areas of California. While home energy use (primary electricity and natural gas) and payments of low-income households are less than those of other income groups, the former's ''payment burden'' (fraction of income spent on home energy) is as much as 350% greater than the burden for high-income households.

  8. State and local responses to natural gas price increases

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-04-25

    Increasing natural gas prices affect gas customers, the distribution companies that supply them, and the state or local commissions that regulate such sales. This report provides information on state and local responses to higher gas costs in the areas of: rates charged by pipelines to distribution companies; recovery of purchased gas costs by distributors; rates charged by distributors to customers; and efforts by distributors to maintain or expand their markets. The report is based on a survey of 15 states and 37 gas distribution companies.

  9. 75 FR 35700 - Revisions to Forms, Statements, and Reporting Requirements for Natural Gas Pipelines

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-23

    ...and Reporting Requirements for Natural Gas Pipelines June 17, 2010. AGENCY...reporting forms required to be filed by natural gas companies (FERC Form Nos. 2...and Reporting Requirements for Natural Gas Pipelines, Order No. 710,...

  10. CALIFORNIA INVESTMENT PLAN FOR THE

    E-print Network

    Mizutani Manager EMERGING FUELS AND TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE Michael A. Smith Deputy Director FUELS Independent Oil Marketers Association Gerald Secundy, California Council for Environmental and Economic Balance Tom Cackette, California Environmental Protection Agency Karnig Kazarian, California Business

  11. Field experience with gas turbine meters

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hall

    1984-01-01

    This paper discusses a company's experience and problems with turbine meters in a large offshore system. With the increased cost and decreasing reserves of natural gas, greater demands will be placed on gas measurement. Turbine meters have lent themselves well to the task and will continue to find more applications in the natural gas industry.

  12. Solar hot water demonstration project at Red Star Industrial Laundry, Fresno, California

    SciTech Connect

    None

    1980-07-01

    The Final Report of the Solar Hot Water System located at the Red Star Industrial Laundry, 3333 Sabre Avenue, Fresno, California, is presented. The system was designed as an integrated wastewater heat recovery and solar preheating system to supply a part of the hot water requirements. It was estimated that the natural gas demand for hot water heating could be reduced by 56 percent (44 percent heat reclamation and 12 percent solar). The system consists of a 16,500 gallon tube-and-shell wastewater heat recovery subsystem combined with a pass-through 6,528 square foot flat plate Ying Manufacturing Company Model SP4120 solar collector subsystem, a 12,500 gallon fiber glass water storage tank subsystem, pumps, heat exchangers, controls, and associated plumbing. The design output of the solar subsystem is approximately 2.6 x 10/sup 9/ Btu/year. Auxiliary energy is provided by a gas fired low pressure boiler servicing a 4,000 gallon service tank. This project is part of the US Department of Energy's Solar Demonstration Program with DOE sharing $184,841 of the $260,693 construction cost. The system was turned on in July 1977, and acceptance tests completed in September 1977. The demonstration period for this project ends September 2, 1982.

  13. Decreasing California Snowpack

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    KQED

    2012-03-27

    Approximately 40 percent of California's surface water supply originates from the snowpack in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. However, climate change is significantly altering this precious water source.

  14. California's net profits geothermal leasing program: an attempt to open up the market

    SciTech Connect

    Hoagland, D.L.

    1980-06-01

    The California State Lands Commission's net profits bidding system for geothermal resources is discussed. The history of the legislation for the Net Profits Leasing program is briefly detailed and a number of land tracts leased under the program along with the companies that bid on them and the net profit percentage bids are presented. The Net Profits Leasing System bidding requires companies to include in their bid the percentage of their net profits (gross income minus California State royalty and allowable expenses) that they will turn back to the state government. (JMT)

  15. Southern California Smart Grid Symposium California Institute of TechnologyCalifornia Institute of Technology

    E-print Network

    Southern California Smart Grid Symposium California Institute of TechnologyCalifornia Institute Service in a Smart Grid World Hung po ChaoHung-po Chao Director, Market Strategy and Analysis October 13

  16. Indian oil company joins efforts to reduce methane emissions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kumar, Mohi

    The Oil and Natural Gas Corp, Ltd. (ONGC), headquartered in Dehradun, India, has joined seven U.S. and Canadian oil and natural gas companies as a partner in a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency program to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. EPA's Natural Gas STAR International Program aims to reduce methane emissions from the oil and natural gas sector while delivering more gas to markets around the world. With this partnership, ONGC agrees to implement emissions reduction practices and to submit annual reports on progress achieved; EPA agrees to assist ONGC with training technicians in new cost-effective technologies that will help achieve target emissions. The Natural Gas STAR International Program is administered under the Methane to Markets Partnership, a group of 20 countries and 600 companies across the globe that since 2004 has volunteered to cut methane emissions. More information on EPA's agreement with ONGC can be found at http://www.epa.gov/gasstar/index.htm; information about the Methane to Markets Partnership can be found at http://www.methanetomarkets.org.

  17. CONFIRMATORY SURVEY RESULTS FOR PORTIONS OF THE MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT FROM UNITS 1 AND 2 AT THE HUMBOLDT BAY POWER PLANT, EUREKA, CALIFORNIA

    SciTech Connect

    W.C. Adams

    2011-04-01

    The Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E) operated the Humboldt Bay Power Plant (HBPP) Unit 3 nuclear reactor near Eureka, California under Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) provisional license number DPR-7. HBPP Unit 3 achieved initial criticality in February 1963 and began commercial operations in August 1963. Unit 3 was a natural circulation boiling water reactor with a direct-cycle design. This design eliminated the need for heat transfer loops and large containment structures. Also, the pressure suppression containment design permitted below-ground construction. Stainless steel fuel claddings were used from startup until cladding failures resulted in plant system contamination—zircaloy-clad fuel was used exclusively starting in 1965 eliminating cladding-related contamination. A number of spills and gaseous releases were reported during operations resulting in a range of mitigative activities (see ESI 2008 for details).

  18. HR/Organizational Company Description

    E-print Network

    Dahl, David B.

    and nutrition. Develops and manufactures high-quality nutritional supplements, healthy weight-management products, such as adapters, gateways, modems, and home network management software. The company also offers and Deliverables: Development of Global Staffing documentation within our company's knowledge management tool

  19. Financing Costs of Portuguese Companies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Isabel Marques Gameiro; Nuno Gonçalo Ribeiro

    2007-01-01

    This paper aims at obtaining a set of measures of developments in the real financing costs of Portu- guese companies. To this end, calculation procedures are established and their methodological op- tions discussed. Such measures are proxies for the actual costs incurred by companies in various financing market segments, which, taking into account the corporate financial structure, may be aggre-

  20. Economic Regulation of Water Companies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Klein

    1999-01-01

    September 1996The key to effective regulation of water companies is to generate information that allows the regulator to make good rules and allows the interest groups to watch out for improprieties by the regulator.Both public and private water companies need regulation (of water price and quality) when real competition is not feasible. Piped water systems tend to be monopolies or

  1. A strategy for company improvement.

    PubMed

    Howley, L

    2000-03-01

    Strategies based on the kaizen methodology are designed to continuously improve company performance without the need for large capital investments. This article looks at how one company used simple kaizen principles to its advantage, achieving 67% increase in productivity and 10% reduction in the standard cost of product. PMID:10915491

  2. Business Plan Development Company Description

    E-print Network

    Dahl, David B.

    Business Plan Development Company Description: The company is not yet formed, although I have been market, marketing plan, web development, manufacturing plan to allow for maximum profit margin while such that costs and pricing can allow for maximum profit margin, according to the market. Distribution

  3. Real Estate Development Company Description

    E-print Network

    Dahl, David B.

    advantage and position itself vs. the competition in the real estate market. Company Description: LandReal Estate Development Company Description: The largest specialty family footwear retailer America, the Caribbean and South America. Short Project Name: Competitive Analysis - Real Estate Positions

  4. Nonprofit and profit companies in monopolistic competition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Morten Skak

    2011-01-01

    A homogenous goods market with nonprofit and profit companies engaged in monopolistic competition is proposed. In a short run equilibrium, entrance of more companies of both types increases consumer surplus and reduces company profit. However, nonprofit companies under a long run zero profit constraint will act inefficiently and have higher marginal costs than profit companies. From this follows that more

  5. How Does Electricity Generated from Woody Biomass Fit into California's Energy Future?

    E-print Network

    Iglesia, Enrique

    Direct Combustion of Biomass Gasifier To Syngas Gas Cleaning/ Cooling Boiler Steam Turbine/ Generator Gas conversion of biomass to syngas, followed by combustion to run steam/gas turbine Fuel Urban & agriculturalHow Does Electricity Generated from Woody Biomass Fit into California's Energy Future? Shuk Han

  6. Vent fluid chemistry in Bahía Concepción coastal submarine hydrothermal system, Baja California Sur, Mexico

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. M. Prol-Ledesma; C. Canet; M. A. Torres-Vera; M. J. Forrest; M. A. Armienta

    2004-01-01

    Shallow submarine hydrothermal activity has been observed in the Bahía Concepción bay, located at the Gulf coast of the Baja California Peninsula, along faults probably related to the extensional tectonics of the Gulf of California region. Diffuse and focused venting of hydrothermal water and gas occurs in the intertidal and shallow subtidal areas down to 15 m along a NW–SE-trending

  7. 75 FR 11228 - Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-10

    ...Surety Companies Acceptable On Federal Bonds: Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Fiscal...31 U.S.C. 9305 to the following company: Manufacturers Alliance Insurance Company (NAIC 36897). Business....

  8. 75 FR 2126 - Calais Pipeline Company, LLC; Calais LNG Project Company, LLC; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-14

    ...PF08-24-000] Calais Pipeline Company, LLC; Calais LNG Project Company, LLC; Notice of Application January...Take notice that on December 18, 2009, Calais LNG Project Company, LLC (Calais LNG) and Calais Pipeline Company, LLC (Calais...

  9. Three inner-neritic recent foraminifers from southern California

    E-print Network

    Sliter, W. V.

    1969-10-01

    THE UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS PALEONTOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS October 1, 1969 Paper 45 THREE INNER-NERITIC RECENT FORAMINIFERS FROM SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA WILLIAM V. SLITER Esso Production Research Company, Houston, Texas ABSTRACT Three new benthonic... IA and 10 to 12 chambers. This species somewhat resembles B. doniezi CUSHMAN & WICKENDEN but is more robust and flaring, with a thicker test and has coarser perforations. Bolivina lepida differs from juvenile specimens of the larger, coarsely...

  10. [California State Archives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rea, Jay W.

    The first paper on the California State Archives treats the administrative status, legal basis of the archives program, and organization of the archives program. The problem areas in this States' archival program are discussed at length. The second paper gives a crude sketch of the legal and administrative history of the California State Archives,…

  11. Spain: Europe's California.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilvert, Calvin

    1994-01-01

    Contends that, as Spain integrates into the European Economic Community, it is considered to be Europe's California. Asserts that making regional comparisons between California and Spain can be an effective teaching method. Provides comparisons in such areas as agriculture and tourism. (CFR)

  12. California's Electricity Crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul L. Joskow

    2001-01-01

    This paper discusses the political, regulatory and economic factors that led to California's electricity crisis in 2000 and 2001. It begins with a discussion of the origins of California's electricity restructuring and competition programs. It then discusses the structure of the wholesale and retail markets and associated transition institutions created in 1996-98 and the performance of these institutions during their

  13. California Energy Commission REGULATIONS

    E-print Network

    California Energy Commission REGULATIONS FINAL STATEMENT OF REASONS ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES of Regulations Title 20, Division 2, Chapter 13, Sections 3200 through 3208, and Chapter 2, Article 4, Section by Government Code section 11346.9(a) for the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission) regulations

  14. Processing of FRG high-temperature gas-cooled reactor fuel elements at General Atomic under the US/FRG cooperative agreement for spent fuel elements

    SciTech Connect

    Holder, N.D.; Strand, J.B.; Schwarz, F.A.; Drake, R.N.

    1981-11-01

    The Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) and the United States (US) are cooperating on certain aspects of gas-cooled reactor technology under an umbrella agreement. Under the spent fuel treatment development section of the agreement, both FRG mixed uranium/ thorium and low-enriched uranium fuel spheres have been processed in the Department of Energy-sponsored cold pilot plant for high-temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) fuel processing at General Atomic Company in San Diego, California. The FRG fuel spheres were crushed and burned to recover coated fuel particles suitable for further treatment for uranium recovery. Successful completion of the tests described in this paper demonstrated certain modifications to the US HTGR fuel burining process necessary for FRG fuel treatment. Results of the tests will be used in the design of a US/FRG joint prototype headend facility for HTGR fuel.

  15. Environmental management of Pacific outer continental shelf oil and gas activities by the minerals management service

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Licari

    1983-01-01

    Oil and gas development on Federal lands off California has been concentrated in the Santa Barbara and San Pedro Channels. Recent discoveries are extending these activities northward, and future sales are proposed for the entire California coast. Conflicts between the State of California and Department of Interior have developed over Federal regulatory procedures and recent changes in sale and lease

  16. Lehigh Southwest Cement Company: Compressed Air System Improvement Saves Energy at a Lehigh Southwest Cement Plant

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    2003-10-01

    In 2001, Lehigh Southwest Cement Company improved the compressed air system at its cement plant in Tehachapi, California. Consequently, the system was able to operate more efficiently with less compressor capacity and at a lower system pressure. The project yielded total annual savings of 895,000 kWh and $199,000. The initial project cost was $417,000, but Southern California Edison provided a $90,000 incentive payment to reduce the cost to $327,000. Simple payback was about 20 months.

  17. Exploration potential of offshore northern California basins

    SciTech Connect

    Bachman, S.B.; Crouch, J.K.

    1988-01-01

    A series of exploratory wells was drilled in the northern California offshore basins in the 1960s following leasing of federal tracts off northern California, Oregon, and Washington. The drilling, although encountering numerous oil shows, was considered at the time to indicate low prospectivity in an area that extended as far south as the offshore Santa Maria basin. However, subsequent major discoveries in this decade in the offshore Santa Maria basin, such as the Point Arguello field, indicate that these offshore basins may be highly prospective exploration targets. Many of the key features of Monterey production in central and southern California are also present in the offshore basins of northern California. A new 5-year leasing plan has scheduled leasing in the northern California OCS starting in early 1989. The first basins on the schedule, the Point Arena and Eel River basins, differ in some respects. The Point Arena basin is more typical of a Monterey basin, with the potential for fractured chert reservoirs and organic-rich sections, deep burial of basinal sections to enhance the generation of higher gravity oils, and complex folding and faulting. The Eel River basin is more clastic-rich in its gas-producing, onshore extension. Key questions in the Eel River basin include whether the offshore, more distal stratigraphy will include Monterey-like biogenic sediments, and whether the basin has oil potential in addition to its proven gas potential. The Outer Santa Cruz basin shares a similar stratigraphy, structure, and hydrocarbon potential with the Point Arena basin. The Santa Cruz-Bodega basin, also with a similar stratigraphy, may have less exploration potential because erosion has thinned the Monterey section in parts of the basin.

  18. Public Health Benefits of End-Use Electrical Energy Efficiency in California: An Exploratory Study

    E-print Network

    McKone, Thomas E.

    2011-01-01

    with reciprocating engine technologies fueled by oil (eitherReciprocating Engine Napa Napa Napa Distillate Oil SteamEngine COGEN COUNTY Cogen Santa Barbara ONLINE MW Southern California Gas - Ucsb Oil/

  19. 12 CFR 225.102 - Bank holding company indirectly owning nonbanking company through subsidiaries.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...COMPANIES AND CHANGE IN BANK CONTROL (REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies...Holding Company Act of 1956. It is stated that Y Company is an investment company which...ownership by X Corporation of voting shares of Y Company would be exempt by reason of...

  20. Gas to liquids technologies for natural gas reserves valorization: The Eni experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Perego; R. Bortolo; R. Zennaro

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, most oil companies have shown a renewed interest for the Fischer–Tropsch synthesis, as a result of the current carbon scenario and the stringent regulations on sulphur level in fuels. As a matter of fact, an overview of the oil and gas reserves underlines the necessity of gas valorization to liquid fuel, especially referring to stranded gas reserves.

  1. STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION

    E-print Network

    MEETING STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION In the Matter of ) ) California Clean Energy Jobs by the voters in November of last year, and it's known as the clean energy -- or California Clean Energy Jobs in the areas of energy efficiency and clean energy jobs in California. We want to see schools leveraging

  2. Arnold Schwarzenegger THE CENTRAL CALIFORNIA

    E-print Network

    this report as follows: Kaduwela, A. P. 2004. Central California Ozone Study. California Energy Commission/Agricultural/Water End-Use Energy Efficiency · Renewable Energy Technologies The Central California Ozone Study is the final report for the Central California Ozone Study, Interagency Agreement 700-98-027, between

  3. Quality Performance Measurement in California

    E-print Network

    Nguyen, Danh

    for The Office of the Patient Advocate By University of California, Davis Center for Healthcare Policy by the California Office of the Patient Advocate. The views expressed in this report are those of the authors or the California Office of the Patient Advocate. Copyright 2008 The Regents of the University of California. All

  4. Heavy oil spells boom for California

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1981-01-01

    Getty Oil Co. has begun construction of 2 pilot plants as an initial phase of a heavy oil mining venture which, if successful, could produce enough oil to rank as California's biggest onshore discovery in 30 yr. The company hopes to recover 380 million bbl of oil from an open pit mining operation in California's McKittrick Field, located 40 miles west of Bakersfield. The oil is trapped in diatomaceous earth, which has resisted conventional methods to make it give up its bonanza. The diatomaceous earth, or diatomite, was formed by the hard, silicious shells of diatoms (tiny, one-celled algae which lived in the inland bay). Getty foresees a development that would produce approximately 20,000 bpd of 13.6 - to 14 - gravity oil for a period of approximately 47 yr. Unlike an oil field, which would peak and then decline, the production from the mining operation would be more or less consistent through the life of the project. If the project is successful at McKittrick, conceivably it could have other applications in California oil fields, possibly in mining shallow oil sands or maximizing oil recovery.

  5. Fission gas and void volume measuring system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1974-01-01

    From joint meeting of the American Nuclear Society and the Atomic ; lndustrial Forum and Nuclear Energy Exhibition; San Francisco, California, USA ; (11 Nov 1973). A system which provides a measurement of the amount of gas and ; free void volume contained in encapsulated fuel elements has been in use at LASL ; for over a year. A gas

  6. Oilfield Flare Gas Electricity Systems (OFFGASES Project)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rachel Henderson; Robert Fickes

    2007-01-01

    The Oilfield Flare Gas Electricity Systems (OFFGASES) project was developed in response to a cooperative agreement offering by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) under Preferred Upstream Management Projects (PUMP III). Project partners included the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) as lead agency working with the California Energy Commission (CEC) and

  7. 77 FR 788 - Southern LNG Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-06

    ...December 15, 2011, Southern LNG Company, L.L.C. (SLNG...its liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal located at Elba...adequate compression to allow boil-off gas generated naturally within...need to regasify additional LNG as is required with the...

  8. The CO2 Reduction Potential of Combined Heat and Power in California's Commercial Buildings

    SciTech Connect

    Stadler, Michael; Marnay, Chris; Cardoso, Goncalo; Lipman, Tim; Megel, Olivier; Ganguly, Srirupa; Siddiqui, Afzal; Lai, Judy

    2009-11-16

    The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is working with the California Energy Commission (CEC) to determine the potential role of commercial sector distributed generation (DG) with combined heat and power (CHP) capability deployment in greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) reductions. CHP applications at large industrial sites are well known, and a large share of their potential has already been harvested. In contrast, relatively little attention has been paid to the potential of medium-sized commercial buildings, i.e., ones with peak electric loads ranging from 100 kW to 5 MW. We examine how this sector might implement DG with CHP in cost minimizing microgrids that are able to adopt and operate various energy technologies, such as solar photovoltaics (PV), on-site thermal generation, heat exchangers, solar thermal collectors, absorption chillers, and storage systems. We apply a mixed-integer linear program (MILP) that minimizes a site's annual energy costs as its objective. Using 138 representative mid-sized commercial sites in California (CA), existing tariffs of three major electricity distribution ultilities plus a natural gas company, and performance data of available technology in 2020, we find the GHG reduction potential for this CA commercial sector segment, which represents about 35percent of total statewide commercial sector sales. Under the assumptions made, in a reference case, this segment is estimated to be capable of economically installing 1.4 GW of CHP, 35percent of the California Air Resources Board (CARB) statewide 4 GW goal for total incremental CHP deployment by 2020. However, because CARB's assumed utilization is far higherthan is found by the MILP, the adopted CHP only contributes 19percent of the CO2 target. Several sensitivity runs were completed. One applies a simple feed-in tariff similar to net metering, and another includes a generous self-generation incentive program (SGIP) subsidy for fuel cells. The feed-in tariff proves ineffective at stimulating CHP deployment, while the SGIP buy down is more powerful. The attractiveness of CHP varies widely by climate zone and service territory, but in general, hotter inland areas and San Diego are the more attractive regions because high cooling loads achieve higher equipment utilization. Additionally, large office buildings are surprisingly good hosts for CHP, so large office buildings in San Diego and hotter urban centers emerge as promising target hosts. Overall the effect on CO2 emissions is limited, never exceeding 27percent of the CARB target. Nonetheless, results suggest that the CO2 emissions abatement potential of CHP in mid-sized CA buildings is significant, and much more promising than is typically assumed.

  9. Electric and gas utility marketing of residential energy conservation case studies

    SciTech Connect

    None

    1980-05-01

    The objective of this research was to obtain information about utility conservation marketing techniques from companies actively engaged in performing residential conservation services. Many utilities currently are offering comprehensive services (audits, listing of contractors and lenders, post-installation inspection, advertising, and performing consumer research). Activities are reported for the following utilities: Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation; Tampa Electric Company; Memphis Light, Gas, and Water Division; Northern States Power-Wisconsin; Public Service Company of Colorado; Arizona Public Service Company; Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Sacramento Municipal Utility District; and Pacific Power and Light Company.

  10. COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY

    E-print Network

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION COMPARATIVE COSTS OF CALIFORNIA CENTRAL STATION ELECTRICITY GENERATION Central Station Electricity Generation Technologies, California Energy Commission, CEC-200-2009-017-SD #12

  11. California's Coastal Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    California Coastal Commission

    This site offers access to pages on the Geography of California Coastal Systems and on California Coastal Ecology. Much of the material is drawn from the California Coastal Commission's California Coastal Resource Guide. The California coast is a region of unsurpassed beauty and natural splendor, blessed with an abundance of rich and varied resources. The coast supports a diversity of plant communities and tens of thousands of species of insects and other invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, fish, birds, and mammals, including numerous rare and endangered species. From the lush redwood forests of the north to the wide, sandy beaches of the south, California's expansive coastline contains many distinct habitats. These habitats are the result of many different natural forces. The habitats/environments are: Coastal Mountains, Streams and Rivers, Marine Terraces, Bluffs and Headlands, Coastal Sand Dunes, Beaches, Wetlands, Rocky Intertidal Zones, Islands and Offshore Rocks, and Nearshore Waters and Open Ocean. Users of this site may also access the California Ocean and Coastal Environmental Access Network (Cal OCEAN), a web-based virtual library for the discovery of and access to ocean and coastal data and information from a wide variety of sources and in a range of types and formats. The goal of Cal OCEAN is to provide the information and tools to support ocean and coastal resource management, planning, research, and education via the Internet.

  12. California History Online

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2001-01-01

    The California Historical Society's Website presents accessible, interesting, and well-designed scholarly and educational materials relating to California history. One interesting section, The California History Online Timeline, allows users to click on a timeline of images to access material on key events and time periods in California history. These include European exploration, the Spanish Colonial frontier, Mexican California, the Gold Rush, the impact of the railroad, economic growth at the turn of the century, and the Great Depression. Each section features a sidebar outline where visitors can break the exhibit down into its sub-sections to view text and images. For scholars and amateur historians of the state, the Society also offers the complete tables of contents for all the issues of California History from 1922 to 1998. The Society has begun to post full texts of the issues from 1950 to 1993, though this process seems to be in the earliest stages. Finally, the Website features a quarterly newsletter giving information about archived and upcoming exhibits, events around the state celebrating California history, and news about the Society's programs and acquisitions.

  13. 40 CFR 52.277 - Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Environment 3 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations. 52.277 Section...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS California § 52.277 Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations. (a)...

  14. 40 CFR 52.277 - Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...Environment 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations. 52.277 Section...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS California § 52.277 Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations. (a)...

  15. 40 CFR 52.277 - Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Environment 3 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations. 52.277 Section...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS California § 52.277 Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations. (a)...

  16. 40 CFR 52.277 - Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Environment 3 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations. 52.277 Section...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS California § 52.277 Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations. (a)...

  17. 40 CFR 52.277 - Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Environment 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations. 52.277 Section...IMPLEMENTATION PLANS California § 52.277 Oxides of nitrogen, combustion gas concentration limitations. (a)...

  18. Natural gas contracts in efficient portfolios

    SciTech Connect

    Sutherland, R.J.

    1994-12-01

    This report addresses the {open_quotes}contracts portfolio{close_quotes} issue of natural gas contracts in support of the Domestic Natural Gas and Oil Initiative (DGOI) published by the U.S. Department of Energy in 1994. The analysis is a result of a collaborative effort with the Public Service Commission of the State of Maryland to consider {open_quotes}reforms that enhance the industry`s competitiveness{close_quotes}. The initial focus of our collaborative effort was on gas purchasing and contract portfolios; however, it became apparent that efficient contracting to purchase and use gas requires a broader consideration of regulatory reform. Efficient portfolios are obtained when the holder of the portfolio is affected by and is responsible for the performance of the portfolio. Natural gas distribution companies may prefer a diversity of contracts, but the efficient use of gas requires that the local distribution company be held accountable for its own purchases. Ultimate customers are affected by their own portfolios, which they manage efficiently by making their own choices. The objectives of the DGOI, particularly the efficient use of gas, can be achieved when customers have access to suppliers of gas and energy services under an improved regulatory framework. The evolution of the natural gas market during the last 15 years is described to account for the changing preferences toward gas contracts. Long-term contracts for natural gas were prevalent before the early 1980s, primarily because gas producers had few options other than to sell to a single pipeline company, and this pipeline company, in turn, was the only seller to a gas distribution company.

  19. The valuation of construction companies

    E-print Network

    Sassine, Edmond, 1980-

    2004-01-01

    The main objective of this thesis is to study the valuation of construction companies in mergers and acquisitions. The thesis is divided into three main parts; Mergers and Acquisitions, Valuation, and a Case Study. Mergers ...

  20. UCDavis University of California A California Energy

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    % of USA, California new car buyers have a stable parking spot 25 feet from electricity each night 0% 10 Agency, Clean Energy Ministerial Electric Vehicle Initiative,(16 Energy Ministries), Clinton 40, Rocky-in Prius Battery kWh: Charge Time: Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 All Electric Range: Price: 3hrs/110v (15A) 1

  1. Natural gas monthly

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1983-01-01

    This report presents current data on the consumption, disposition, production, prices, storage, import and export of natural gas in the United States. Also included are operating and financial data for major interstate natural gas pipeline companies plus data on fillings, ceiling prices, and transportation under the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978. A feature article, entitled Main Line Natural Gas Sales to Industrial Users, 1981, is included. Highlights of this month's publication are: Marketed production of natural gas during 1982 continued its downward trend compared to 1981, with November production of 1511 Bcf compared to 1583 Bcf for November 1981; total natural gas consumption also declined when compared to 1981; as of November 1982, working gas in underground storage was running ahead of a similar period in 1981 by 109 Bcf (3.4 percent); the average wellhead price of natural gas continued to rise in 1982; and applications for determination of maximum lawful prices under the Natural Gas Policy Act (NGPA) showed a decrease from October to November, principally for Section 103 classification wells (new onshore production wells).

  2. California four cities program, 1971 - 1973. [aerospace-to-urban technology application

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Macomber, H. L.; Wilson, J. H.

    1974-01-01

    A pilot project in aerospace-to-urban technology application is reported. Companies assigned senior engineering professionals to serve as Science and Technology Advisors to participating city governments. Technical support was provided by the companies and JPL. The cities, Anaheim, Fresno, Pasadena, and San Hose, California, provided the working environment and general service support. Each city/company team developed and carried out one or more technical or management pilot projects together with a number of less formalized technology efforts and studies. An account and evaluation is provided of the initial two-year phase of the program.

  3. Accord near for offshore California oil shipments

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-02-15

    There are faint glimmers of hope again for offshore California operators. After more than a decade of often bitter strife over offshore oil and gas development and transportation issues, state officials and oil producers may be moving toward compromise solutions. One such solution may be forthcoming on offshore development. But the real change came with the turnabout of the California Coastal Commission (CCC), which last month approved a permit for interim tankering of crude from Point Arguello oil field in the Santa Barbara Channel to Los Angeles. The dispute over how to ship offshore California crude to market has dragged on since before Point Arguelo development plans were unveiled. The project's status has become a flashpoint in the U.S. debate over resource use and environmental concerns. The controversy flared anew in the wake of the 1989 Exxon Valdez tanker spill off Alaska, when CCC voided a Santa Barbara County permit for interim tankering, a move project operator Chevron Corp. linked to the Exxon Valdez accident. Faced with litigation, the state's economic devastation, and acrimonious debate over transporting California crude, Gov. Pete Wilson and other agencies approved the CCC permit. But there's a catch: A permanent pipeline must be built to handle full production within 3 years. The paper discusses permit concerns, the turnaround decision, the anger of environmental groups, and pipeline proposals.

  4. Building a better biotech company.

    PubMed

    Turner, L

    1999-02-01

    Invitrogen is a good case study for how to become successful in the rapidly changing field of biotechnology by observing basic business principles. It also shows that even the most successful companies make mistakes. The exciting opportunities that present themselves to high-technology companies in fast-growth fields can divert attention away from the most basic business tenets of quality, profitability, and market responsiveness. CEOs in the biotechnology sector would be well served to review their Business 101 lessons. PMID:10052312

  5. California State Waters Map Series--Offshore of Ventura, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Johnson, Samuel Y.; Dartnell, Peter; Cochrane, Guy R.; Golden, Nadine E.; Phillips, Eleyne L.; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Kvitek, Rikk G.; Greene, H. Gary; Krigsman, Lisa M.; Endris, Charles A.; Seitz, Gordon G.; Gutierrez, Carlos I.; Sliter, Ray W.; Erdey, Mercedes D.; Wong, Florence L.; Yoklavich, Mary M.; Draut, Amy E.; Hart, Patrick E.

    2013-01-01

    In 2007, the California Ocean Protection Council initiated the California Seafloor Mapping Program (CSMP), designed to create a comprehensive seafloor map of high-resolution bathymetry, marine benthic habitats, and geology within the 3-nautical-mile limit of California’s State Waters. The CSMP approach is to create highly detailed seafloor maps through collection, integration, interpretation, and visualization of swath sonar data, acoustic backscatter, seafloor video, seafloor photography, high-resolution seismic-reflection profiles, and bottom-sediment sampling data. The map products display seafloor morphology and character, identify potential marine benthic habitats, and illustrate both the surficial seafloor geology and shallow (to about 100 m) subsurface geology. The Offshore of Ventura map area lies within the Santa Barbara Channel region of the Southern California Bight. This geologically complex region forms a major biogeographic transition zone, separating the cold-temperate Oregonian province north of Point Conception from the warm-temperate California province to the south. The map area is in the Ventura Basin, in the southern part of the Western Transverse Ranges geologic province, which is north of the California Continental Borderland. Significant clockwise rotation—at least 90°—since the early Miocene has been proposed for the Western Transverse Ranges, and the region is presently undergoing north-south shortening. The city of Ventura is the major cultural center in the map area. The Ventura River cuts through Ventura, draining the Santa Ynez Mountains and the coastal hills north of Ventura. Northwest of Ventura, the coastal zone is a narrow strip containing highway and railway transportation corridors and a few small residential clusters. Rincon Island, an island constructed for oil and gas production, lies offshore of Punta Gorda. Southeast of Ventura, the coastal zone consists of the mouth and broad, alluvial plains of the Santa Clara River, and the region is characterized by urban and agricultural development. Ventura Harbor sits just north of the mouth of the Santa Clara River, in an area formerly occupied by lagoons and marshes. The Offshore of Ventura map area lies in the eastern part of the Santa Barbara littoral cell, whose littoral drift is to the east-southeast. Drift rates of about 700,000 to 1,150,000 tons/yr have been reported at Ventura Harbor. At the east end of the littoral cell, eastward-moving sediment is trapped by Hueneme and Mugu Canyons and then transported into the deep-water Santa Monica Basin. The largest sediment source to this littoral cell (and the largest in all of southern California) is the Santa Clara River, which has an estimated annual sediment flux of 3.1 million tons. In addition, the Ventura River yields about 270,000 tons of sediment annually. Despite the large local sediment supply, coastal erosion problems are ongoing in the map area. Riprap, revetments, and seawalls variably protect the coast within and north of Ventura. The offshore part of the map area mainly consists of relatively flat, shallow continental shelf, which dips so gently (about 0.2° to 0.4°) that water depths at the 3-nautical-mile limit of California’s State Waters are just 20 to 40 m. This part of the Santa Barbara Channel is relatively well protected from large Pacific swells from the north and west by Point Conception and the Channel Islands; long-period swells affecting the area are mainly from the south-southwest. Fair-weather wave base is typically shallower than 20-m water depth, but winter storms are capable of resuspending fine-grained sediments in 30 m of water, and so shelf sediments in the map area probably are remobilized on an annual basis. The shelf is underlain by tens of meters of interbedded upper Quaternary shelf, estuarine, and fluvial sediments deposited as sea level fluctuated up and down in the last several hundred thousand years. Seafloor habitats in the broad Santa Barbara Channel region consist of significant amounts of soft sediment and isolated areas of rocky

  6. Eastern Kodak Company

    SciTech Connect

    Y.S. Tyan

    2009-06-30

    Lighting consumes more than 20% of electricity generated in the United States. Solid state lighting relies upon either inorganic or organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). OLED devices because of their thinness, fast response, excellent color, and efficiency could become the technology of choice for future lighting applications, provided progress is made to increase power efficiency and device lifetime and to develop cost-effective manufacturing processes. As a first step in this process, Eastman Kodak Company has demonstrated an OLED device architecture having an efficacy over 50 lm/W that exceeds the specifications of DOE Energy Star Program Requirements for Solid State Lighting. The project included work designed to optimize an OLED device, based on a stacked-OLED structure, with performance parameters of: low voltage; improved light extraction efficiency; improved internal quantum efficiency; and acceptable lifetime. The stated goal for the end of the project was delivery of an OLED device architecture, suitable for development into successful commercial products, having over 50 lum/W power efficiency and 10,000 hours lifetime at 1000 cd/m{sup 2}. During the project, Kodak developed and tested a tandem hybrid IES device made with a fluorescent blue emitter, a phosphorescent yellow emitter, and a phosphorescent red emitter in a stacked structure. The challenge was to find low voltage materials that do not absorb excessive amounts of emitted light when the extraction enhancement structure is applied. Because an extraction enhancement structure forces the emitted light to travel several times through the OLED layers before it is emitted, it exacerbates the absorption loss. A variety of ETL and HTL materials was investigated for application in the low voltage SSL device structure. Several of the materials were found to successfully yield low operating device voltages without incurring excessive absorption loss when the extraction enhancement structure was applied. An internal extraction layer comprises two essential components: a light extraction element (LEE) that does the actual extraction of emitted light and a light coupling layer (LCL) that allows the emitted light to interact with the extraction element. Modeling results show that the optical index of the LCL needs to be high, preferably higher than that of the organic layers with an n value of {approx}1.8. In addition, since the OLED structure needs to be built on top of it the LCL needs to be physically and chemically benign. As the project concluded, our focus was on the tandem hybrid device, which proved to be the more efficient architecture. Cost-efficient device fabrication will provide the next challenges with this device architecture in order to allow this architecture to be commercialized.

  7. Culturally Diverse Teams that Work Kenji Klein, University of California, Irvine

    E-print Network

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    Culturally Diverse Teams that Work Kenji Klein, University of California, Irvine Globalization in the number and prevalence of culturally diverse work teams in companies across the globe. Such teams can, but that potential comes with some risk. Research on the performance of culturally diverse teams is divided

  8. Solar water-heating performance evaluation-San Diego, California

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    Report describes energy saved by replacing domestic, conventional natural gas heater with solar-energy subsystem in single-family residence near San Diego, California. Energy savings for 6 month test period averaged 1.089 million Btu. Collector array covered 65 square feet and supplied hot water to both 66-gallon solar storage tank and 40-gallon tank for domestic use. Natural gas supplied house's auxiliary energy.

  9. Service company alliance reduces tight sands frac costs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. L. Hunter; S. G. Stuchly

    1994-01-01

    Smaller, multiple-stage fracture treatments, worked out by an alliance between a producing and a service company, were a significant element in reducing costs for fracturing Carthage Cotton Valley infill wells in Panola County, Texas. Pennzoil's infill drilling program takes advantage of the Texas Railroad Commission's (RRC) ruling that allows optional 80-acre well spacing in this tight gas-sand reservoir. Pennzoil spudded

  10. Edmund G. Brown Jr. HIGH EFFICIENCY GAS-FIRED DRUM

    E-print Network

    Edmund G. Brown Jr. Governor HIGH EFFICIENCY GAS-FIRED DRUM DRYER FOR FOOD PROCESSION APPLICATIONS: Chudnovsky, Yaroslav. 2011. High Efficiency GasFired Drum Dryer for Food Processing Applications. California · Transportation High Efficiency GasFired Drum Dryer for Food Processing Applications is the final report

  11. THE CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL ENTERPRISE

    SciTech Connect

    Ragaini, R.C. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Buckles, R.J. [Institute of Environmental Solutions, Sacarameto, CA (United States); Goldstein, N.E. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Bramlette, T.T. [Sandia National Labs., Livermore, CA (United States)

    1994-04-01

    THE CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL ENTERPRISE (CEE) is a joint partnership of: the DOE Laboratories LLNL, LBL, and Sandia; the California Environmental Protection Agency (Cal/EPA); and the Institute of Environmental Solutions (IES). CEE is an independent, non-profit regional function organized and operated in accordance with the Department of Energy (DOE) ``Enterprise`` model developed by the DOE Environmental Management (EM) Strategic Task Force and the Strategic Laboratory Council. The vision of THE CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL ENTERPRISE is to create new economic opportunities through the advancement of rehabilitative reuse of environmentally impaired property, and through research, development and commercialization of alternative environmental technologies. The mission of THE CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL ENTERPRISE is to maximize the DOE investment by acting as the catalyst for the rapid development and acceptance of environmental technologies needed for redevelopment of contaminated sites, economic revitalization, and the dissipation of adversarial relationships between the public, regulators, problem-holders, and Federal agencies.

  12. California Energy Commission REGULATIONS

    E-print Network

    California Energy Commission REGULATIONS NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING ENERGY Efficiency and Renewable Energy Division Robert Oglesby Executive Director DISCLAIMER or adequacy of the information in this report. #12; 1 Nonresidential Building Energy Use

  13. Albany, California Mailing address

    E-print Network

    Standiford, Richard B.

    ; Marra, Jim; Meyer, Marc; Purcell, Kathryn; Rambo, Tom; Rizzo, Dave; Roath, Brent; Schowalter, Tim. 2002, 2081 E. Sierra Ave, Fresno, California 93710. Tom Rambo is a doctoral candidate in the Department

  14. California Sun Glint

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-05-15

    article title:  Sun Glint from Solar Electric Generating Stations     ... Image Depending upon the position of the Sun, the solar power stations in California's Mohave Desert can reflect solar energy from ...

  15. CALIFORNIA ENERGY FOURTH EDITION

    E-print Network

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION EXISTING RENEWABLE FACILITIES PROGRAM FOURTH EDITION GUIDEBOOK MARCH RENEWABLE ENERGY OFFICE Valerie Hall Deputy Director EFFICIENCY, RENEWABLES & DEMAND ANALYSIS DIVISION #12 to apply for and receive production incentives from the Existing Renewable Facilities element of the Energy

  16. California: Diamond Valley

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-05-15

    ... 14, 2000 (Terra orbit 1273), shortly after the Metropolitan Water District began filling the reservoir with water from the Colorado River and Northern California. Water appears darker than the ...

  17. Seismic Hazard to the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Coastal Central California; a Realistic Assessment Needed

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hamilton, D. H.

    2014-12-01

    SourceURL:file://localhost/Users/joycehamilton/Desktop/Hamilton%20AGU%20abstractREV8-2-14.doc A recent issue of EOS featured the article "Active Faults and Nuclear Power Plants" (Chapman et.al., 2014). Although this article mainly reports on evaluations of fault hazard issues at Japan's Tsuruga NPP, it also includes a section on how the owner of the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant (DCNPP) in California, Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), is successfully responding to the evolving needs of seismic hazard assessment for that project. However, a review of the history of such assessment for the DCNPP project reveals a less benign situation, of which there is no hint in the EOS article. This history shows a long term pattern of collaborative efforts by PG&E and its operations and safety regulator, the US NRC, to maintain the operation of DCNPP using stratagems of non-recognition or non-acknowledgment of hazardous conditions, or of minimizing the postulated effects of such conditions by combinations of discovering new means of estimating ever lower levels of potential vibratory ground motions, and feeding the results into logic trees for a PRA which calculates the hazard down to levels acceptable to the NRC for the plant's continued operation. Such a result, however, can be made only if the geologic and seismologic reality of a very high level of seismic hazard to the facility is side stepped, down played, or dismissed. The actual pattern of late Quaternary—including contemporary—tectonism beneath and surrounding the DCNPP site, as shown on a realistic portrayal of geologic structures and active seismicity, is clearly at odds with such a conclusion, and with the statement in the EOS article that PG&E's Long Term Seismic Program "…has provided increased confidence that earthquakes occurring in central California are not likely to produce surprising or conflicting data."

  18. Gas reserves debate

    SciTech Connect

    Schaffer, P.

    1984-05-21

    Analysts are optimistic or pessimistic about natural gas reserves according to their view of the Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978. The American Gas Association (AGA) finds evidence that reserves are plentiful at 106% replacement levels, while the Energy Information Adminstration (EIA) Office finds only a 24% level of new production replacing reserves. According to the EIA, mature fields in the lower 48 states need more vigorous exploration to maintain supplies. Changes in the replacement ratio from 63% in 1979 to 106% in 1983 are due to falling annual production, not to the addition of new reserves. Major companies with long-term supply commitments have had the most success in building up reserves. Estimates that deliverable gas will drop from 21 trillion cubic feet (tcf) to 18 tcf by the end of the decade unless demand continues low and a pipeline from Alaska increases deliverable supply.

  19. Argentine gas system underway for Gas del Estado

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1980-01-01

    Gas del Estado's giant 1074-mile Centro-Oeste pipeline project - designed to ultimately transport over 350 million CF\\/day of natural gas from the Neuquen basin to the Campo Duran-Buenos Aires pipeline system - is now underway. The COGASCO consortium of Dutch and Argentine companies awarded the construction project will also operate and maintain the system for 15 years after its completion.

  20. Baja California, Mexico

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    An interesting view down the axis of Baja California, Mexico (26.5N, 113.0W). At the center of the Scene is Laguna Ojo de Liebre (Bay of Whales) which is a breeding area for the Pacific Grey Whale. The Sea of Cortez, also known as the Gulf of California, is to the left and the Pacific Ocean is to the right.

  1. California Wetlands Information System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Comprehensive wetlands information to the general public, the educational community, and government agencies. Though much of the information is California-specific, there is an abundance of location-independent information available. Topics covered include restoration and mitigation, wetlands policy, vernal pools, and the role the state agencies play in wetlands conservation. Site features many links to external resources. The "What's new" section features all the latest California wetlands news and research.

  2. Reduced Nitrogen and Natural Gas Consumption at Deepwell Flare 

    E-print Network

    Williams, C.

    2004-01-01

    REDUCED NITROGEN AND NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION AT DEEPWELL FLARE Carl L. Williams Lyondell Chemical Company ABSTRACT Facing both an economic downturn and the liklihood of steep natural gas price increases, company plants were challenged... savings opportunity regarding the supply of nitrogen and natural gas to a deepwell flare. A small flow of nitrogen is required to maintain minimum velocity in the flare stack. A 2? nitrogen line was used for this purpose. However, this line had...

  3. ESTIMATING RISK TO CALIFORNIA ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE FROM PROJECTED CLIMATE CHANGE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jayant Sathaye; Larry Dale; Peter Larsen; Gary Fitts; Kevin Koy; Sarah Lewis; Andre Lucena

    2011-01-01

    This report outlines the results of a study of the impact of climate change on the energy infrastructure of California and the San Francisco Bay region, including impacts on power plant generation; transmission line and substation capacity during heat spells; wildfires near transmission lines; sea level encroachment upon power plants, substations, and natural gas facilities; and peak electrical demand. Some

  4. Delivered by Ingenta to: University of California, Riverside Libraries

    E-print Network

    Fonoberov, Vladimir

    . Fonoberov and Alexander A. Balandin* Nano-Device Laboratory, University of California­Riverside, Riverside conductors in solar cells, as components in high-power electronics, UV light emitters, and gas and chemical sensors. Recently, ZnO nanostructures attracted attention for possible applications in optoelectronic

  5. History of petroleum exploration in California and the West Coast

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1991-01-01

    California's main oil and gas basins consist of the inland Sacramento and San Joaquin and the Los Angeles, Ventura, and Santa Maria basins adjacent to the coast and extending offshore. The state's total oil production to 1991 is approximately 22.8 billion bbls. Producing formations range in age from basement Jurassic to Pleistocene, but production is mainly from thick multiple sand

  6. Electrical Engineering Department Los Angeles, California 90095-1594

    E-print Network

    Chen, Francis F.

    of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1594 1. Introduction In the etching and deposition steps in the production to dissociate the input gas into atoms. Second, the etch rate is greatly enhanced by ion bombardment, which of the plasma sheath straightens the orbits of the bombarding ions so that the etching is anisotropic, allowing

  7. Institute of Transportation (University of California, Davis)

    E-print Network

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    Institute of Transportation Studies (University of California, Davis) Year 2001 Paper UCD Shaheen Debbie Niemeier University of California, Davis University of California, Davis This paper Studies, University of California, Davis, CA, USA b Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

  8. The Complexity of the California Recall Election

    E-print Network

    Alvarez, R. Michael

    2003-11-06

    The October 7, 2003 California Recall Election strained California’s direct democracy. In recent California politics there has not been a statewide election conducted on such short notice; county election officials were ...

  9. Four state companies are markedly different

    SciTech Connect

    Aalund, L.R.

    1995-08-21

    The Journal continues its profiles of state owned oil companies with a return to the Persian Gulf, South America, and a first time look at the state oil company of Romania, one of Eastern Europe`s most active and oldest producers. The government of Kazakhstan`s activities are also covered in this report. These profiles detail the organization of the companies, with emphasis on upstream and downstream operations. Support functions, though essential to a company, are not covered in detail. Company projects and capabilities are only described in this report when necessary to put the company in perspective. Following are the profiles of state companies for Bahrain, Kuwait, Romania, and Venezuela.

  10. California State Waters Map Series: offshore of Carpinteria, California

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Johnson, Samuel Y.; Dartnell, Peter; Cochrane, Guy R.; Golden, Nadine E.; Phillips, Eleyne L.; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Kvitek, Rikk G.; Greene, H. Gary; Endris, Charles A.; Seitz, Gordon G.; Sliter, Ray W.; Erdey, Mercedes D.; Wong, Florence L.; Gutierrez, Carlos I.; Krigsman, Lisa M.; Draut, Amy E.; Hart, Patrick E.

    2013-01-01

    In 2007, the California Ocean Protection Council initiated the California Seafloor Mapping Program (CSMP), designed to create a comprehensive seafloor map of high-resolution bathymetry, marine benthic habitats, and geology within the 3-nautical-mile limit of California’s State Waters. The CSMP approach is to create highly detailed seafloor maps through collection, integration, interpretation, and visualization of swath sonar data, acoustic backscatter, seafloor video, seafloor photography, high-resolution seismic-reflection profiles, and bottom-sediment sampling data. The map products display seafloor morphology and character, identify potential marine benthic habitats, and illustrate both the surficial seafloor geology and shallow (to about 100 m) subsurface geology. The Offshore of Carpinteria map area lies within the central Santa Barbara Channel region of the Southern California Bight. This geologically complex region forms a major biogeographic transition zone, separating the cold-temperate Oregonian province north of Point Conception from the warm-temperate California province to the south. The map area is in the southern part of the Western Transverse Ranges geologic province, which is north of the California Continental Borderland. Significant clockwise rotation—at least 90°—since the early Miocene has been proposed for the Western Transverse Ranges province, and the region is presently undergoing north-south shortening. The small city of Carpinteria is the most significant onshore cultural center in the map area; the smaller town of Summerland lies west of Carpinteria. These communities rest on a relatively flat coastal piedmont that is surrounded on the north, east, and west by hilly relief on the flanks of the Santa Ynez Mountains. El Estero, a salt marsh on the coast west of Carpinteria, is an ecologically important coastal estuary. Southeast of Carpinteria, the coastal zone is narrow strip containing highway and railway transportation corridors and a few small residential clusters. Rincon Point is a well-known world-class surf break, and Rincon Island, constructed for oil and gas production, lies offshore of Punta Gorda. The steep bluffs backing the coastal strip are geologically unstable, and coastal erosion problems are ongoing in the map area; most notably, landslides in 2005 struck the small coastal community of La Conchita, engulfing houses and killing ten people. The Offshore of Carpinteria map area lies in the central part of the Santa Barbara littoral cell, whose littoral drift is to the east-southeast. Drift rates have been estimated to be about 400,000 tons/yr at Santa Barbara Harbor (about 15 km west of Carpinteria). At the east end of the littoral cell, eastward-moving sediment is trapped by Hueneme and Mugu Canyons and then transported to the deep-water Santa Monica Basin. Sediment supply to the western and central part of the littoral cell is largely from relatively small transverse coastal watersheds, which have an estimated cumulative annual sediment flux of 640,000 tons/yr. The much larger Ventura and Santa Clara Rivers, the mouths of which are about 25 to 30 km southeast of Carpinteria, yield an estimated 3.4 million tons of sediment annually, the coarser sediment load generally moving southeast, down the coast, and the finer sediment load moving both upcoast and offshore. The offshore part of the map area consists of a relatively flat and shallow continental shelf, which dips so gently (about 0.4° to 0.5°) that water depths at the 3-nautical-mile limit of California’s State Waters are 40 to 45 m. This part of the Santa Barbara Channel is relatively well protected from large Pacific swells from the north and northwest by Point Conception and from the south and southwest by offshore islands and banks. Fair-weather wave base is typically shallower than 20-m water depth, but winter storms are capable of resuspending fine-grained sediments in 30 m of water, and so shelf sediments in the map area probably are remobilized on an annual basis. The shelf is underlain by variable amounts o

  11. Review of Vedder pool development, Kern River field, Kern County, California

    SciTech Connect

    Condon, M.W.

    1986-07-01

    The Kern River field is located on the east side of the San Joaquin Valley, just north of Bakersfield, California. Since its discovery in 1899, the field has produced over 1 billion bbl of heavy oil from the Kern River Formation. It was not until 1981 that light oil was discovered from a deeper zone, the Vedder formation. The discovery well, Getty Oil Company WD-1 Apollo, encountered 40 ft of net oil sand within the third Vedder sand and was completed on pump for an initial production of 100 bbl of 40.5/sup 0/ API oil and 200 MCDGD. As suggested by its name, WD-1 Apollo was drilled as a water-water injection wells. However, a detailed subsurface study of the field suggested the possibility of a trap within the Vedder formation. The originally proposed location of WD-1 Apollo was then moved to test the proposal. The trap is a series of intersecting, up-to-the-basin normal faults trending west and northwest. These faults have dropped impermeable silty zones within the Vedder formation against the productive Vedder sands. Since the completion of WD-1 Apollo, nine other wells have been drilled within this pool, extending production over 1 mi to the southeast. One of the first of the extension wells, Getty Oil Company 73X Central Point, located approximately 600 ft southeast of WD-1 Apollo, established production from the second Vedder sand. This well was completed flowing 300 b/d of 32/sup 0/ API oil and 1000 MCFGD through a 16/64-in. choke. Through December 1985, Texaco (Getty Oil) produced more than 250,000 bbl of oil and 350,000 mcf of gas combined from the second and third Vedder sands from 2.5 net wells. Although attempts to find other such Vedder pools have met with limited success, there is still the potential for many to exist, given proper structural closure, as seen in the Apollo pool.

  12. 21. Photocopy of photograph (from California State Library, Sacramento, California, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    21. Photocopy of photograph (from California State Library, Sacramento, California, c. 1903) EXTERIOR, SOUTH FRONT & WEST SIDE OF MISSION IN RUINOUS STATE BEFORE RESTORATION, C. 1903 - Mission San Francisco Solano de Sonoma, First & Spain Streets, Sonoma, Sonoma County, CA

  13. CALIFORNIA ENERGY CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 2010-2020

    E-print Network

    , and utilities. Ted Dang, Steven Mac, and Libbie Bessman prepared the historical energy consumption data. Miguel .................................................................................................................. 11 Annual Electricity Consumption ........ CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA ENERGY DEMAND 2010-2020 ADOPTED FORECAST

  14. Accident investigation of the electrical shock incident at the PG and E PVUSA site Davis, California

    SciTech Connect

    Jacobson, L.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Garrett, J.O.; Tyler, R.

    1992-02-01

    This report summarizes the findings of the Accident Investigation Team (Team) assembled in response to a request from Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E) to the US Department of Energy (DOE) to understand the events surrounding the electric shock of a worker at the PVUSA site in Davis, California and to provide recommendations to prevent such events from recurring. The report gives complete details on the sequence of events surrounding the accident and identifies 27 facts related to accident itself. Four technical deficiencies in the electrical systems which require further investigation were identified. The Team believes that the root cause of this accident was related to the absence of a proactive organizational entity responsible for overall health and safety on the site. Two contributing factors were identified. First, the prototype nature and associated operational difficulties of the electrical inverter resulted in large maintenance demands. Second, several of the injured employee`s co-workers noted that he occasionally failed to use appropriate personal protective equipment, but they never reported this practice to management. The direct cause of this accident was the failure of the injured employee to wear appropriate personal protective equipment (i.e., rubber gloves). Based on the review of the facts established in this investigation, five recommendations are presented to the funding agencies to reduce the possibility of future accidents at the PVUSA site.

  15. How risky is your company?

    PubMed

    Simons, R

    1999-01-01

    In boom times, it is easy for managers to forget about risk. And not just financial risk, but organizational and operational risk as well. Now there's the risk exposure calculator, a new tool that will help managers determine exactly where and how much internal risk is mounting in their companies. The risk calculator is divided into three parts: The first set of "keys" alerts managers to the pressures that come from growth. Now that the company has taken off, are employees feeling increased pressure to perform? Is the company's infrastructure becoming overloaded? And are more new employees coming on board as the company rushes to fill positions? If the answer is yes to any one of those questions, then risk may be rising to dangerous levels. The second set of keys on the calculator highlights pressures that arise from corporate culture. Are too many rewards being given for entrepreneurial risk taking? Are executives becoming so resistant to bad news that no one feels comfortable alerting them to problems? And is the company's level of internal competition so high that employees see promotion as a zero-sum game? The final set of pressures, the author says, revolves around information management. When calculating these pressures, managers should ask themselves, what was the company's complexity, volume, and velocity of information a year ago? Have they risen? By how much? How much of the time am I doing the work that a computer system should be doing? High pressure on many or all of these points should set off alarm bells for managers. To control risk, managers have four levers of control at their disposal that will show them where they need to make organizational adjustments. PMID:10387580

  16. Southern California Edison's Evaluation of California Energy Commission

    E-print Network

    Forecast, Version 2 (UCERF 2) by the 2007 Working Group on California Earthquake Probabilities (WGCEP the seismic hazard at SONGS. The analysis specifically included the Uniform California Earthquake Rupture, 2008), which is the joint product of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC

  17. California Energy Commission PROPOSED REGULATIONS

    E-print Network

    resources will reduce the amount of electricity generated and procured from nonrenewable energy sources renewable energy sources that is procured for California retail customers. An eligible renewable energyCalifornia Energy Commission PROPOSED REGULATIONS INITIAL STATEMENT OF REASONS FOR ENFORCEMENT

  18. California Energy Commission CONSULTANT REPORT

    E-print Network

    ) and its subcontractors prepared this impact analysis on the 2013 Title 24, Building Energy Efficiency impacts of proposed changes to the California 2013 Building Energy Efficiency Standards on a regional requirements. Keywords: California Energy Commission, Building Energy Efficiency Standards, Architectural

  19. California Energy Commission PROPOSED REGULATIONS

    E-print Network

    California Energy Commission PROPOSED REGULATIONS MARCH 2012 CEC-400-2010-004-SD3 NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDING ENERGY USE DISCLOSURE PROGRAM Proposed Regulations Title 20, Division 2, Chapter 4 PREFACE The California Energy Commission is releasing proposed regulations for implementing Assembly

  20. Project SAGE: solar assisted gas energy. Final report and executive summary

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1980-03-01

    The Phase III basic objective was establishment of a technical and economic baseline for proper assessment of the practical potential of solar water heating for apartments. Plans can then be formulated to improve SAGE technical design and performance; reduce SAGE costs; refine SAGE market assessment; and identify policies to encourage the use of SAGE. Two SAGE water heating systems were installed and tested. One system was retrofit onto an existing apartment building; the other was installed in a new apartment building. Each installation required approximately 1000 square feet of collector area tilted to an angle of 37/sup 0/ from the horizontal, and each was designed to supply about 70 percent of the energy for heating water for approximately 32 to 40 units of a typical two-story apartment complex in Southern California. Actual contruction costs were carefully compiled, and both installations were equipped with performance monitoring equipment. In addition, the operating and maintenance requirements of each installation was evaluated by gas company maintenance engineers. Upon completion of the installation analysis, the SAGE installation cost was further refined by obtaining firm SAGE construction bids from two plumbing contractors in Southern California. Market penetration was assessed by developing a computer simulation program using the technical and economic analysis from the installation experience. Also, the project examined the public policies required to encourage SAGE and other solar energy options. Results are presented and discussed. (WHK)

  1. The California Hazards Institute

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rundle, J. B.; Kellogg, L. H.; Turcotte, D. L.

    2006-12-01

    California's abundant resources are linked with its natural hazards. Earthquakes, landslides, wildfires, floods, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, severe storms, fires, and droughts afflict the state regularly. These events have the potential to become great disasters, like the San Francisco earthquake and fire of 1906, that overwhelm the capacity of society to respond. At such times, the fabric of civic life is frayed, political leadership is tested, economic losses can dwarf available resources, and full recovery can take decades. A patchwork of Federal, state and local programs are in place to address individual hazards, but California lacks effective coordination to forecast, prevent, prepare for, mitigate, respond to, and recover from, the harmful effects of natural disasters. Moreover, we do not know enough about the frequency, size, time, or locations where they may strike, nor about how the natural environment and man-made structures would respond. As California's population grows and becomes more interdependent, even moderate events have the potential to trigger catastrophes. Natural hazards need not become natural disasters if they are addressed proactively and effectively, rather than reactively. The University of California, with 10 campuses distributed across the state, has world-class faculty and students engaged in research and education in all fields of direct relevance to hazards. For that reason, the UC can become a world leader in anticipating and managing natural hazards in order to prevent loss of life and property and degradation of environmental quality. The University of California, Office of the President, has therefore established a new system-wide Multicampus Research Project, the California Hazards Institute (CHI), as a mechanism to research innovative, effective solutions for California. The CHI will build on the rich intellectual capital and expertise of the Golden State to provide the best available science, knowledge and tools for leaders, managers, stakeholders, policy makers, educators and the public to effectively and comprehensively combat the problems caused by the natural hazards that threaten California. During this first year of operation, UC faculty involved in the CHI will identify the science and technology research priorities of the Institute, followed by the solicitation of participation by other important stakeholders within California. The CHI is founded upon the idea that the hazards associated with events such as earthquakes and floods need not become great disasters such as the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 and 2005 Hurricane Katrina if these hazards can be anticipated proactively, before they must be dealt with reactively.

  2. 76 FR 58263 - Kenai Pipe Line Company; Tesoro Alaska Company; Tesoro Logistics Operations, LLC; Notice of...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-20

    ...Kenai Pipe Line Company; Tesoro Alaska Company; Tesoro Logistics Operations, LLC; Notice of Request for Jurisdictional Determination...KPL), Tesoro Alaska Company (Tesoro Alaska), and Tesoro Logistics, LLC (TLO) (collectively, Tesoro) filed a Request...

  3. 12 CFR 225.101 - Bank holding company's subsidiary banks owning shares of nonbanking companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BANK HOLDING COMPANIES AND CHANGE IN BANK CONTROL (REGULATION Y) Regulations Financial Holding Companies Interpretations § 225.101 Bank holding company's subsidiary banks...

  4. 77 FR 61828 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds; Change in Business Address: Hudson Insurance Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-10-11

    ...Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds; Change in Business Address: Hudson Insurance Company AGENCY: Financial Management Service...Insurance Company (NAIC 25054) has changed its business address to: 100 William Street, 5th Floor, New York, New...

  5. 12 CFR 225.122 - Bank holding company ownership of mortgage companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BANK HOLDING COMPANIES AND CHANGE...mortgage loans on behalf of a bank in the holding company system, assemble credit information...company's activities to the management and control of banks. In determining...

  6. 12 CFR 225.122 - Bank holding company ownership of mortgage companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BANK HOLDING COMPANIES AND CHANGE...mortgage loans on behalf of a bank in the holding company system, assemble credit information...company's activities to the management and control of banks. In determining...

  7. 12 CFR 225.122 - Bank holding company ownership of mortgage companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BANK HOLDING COMPANIES AND...mortgage loans on behalf of a bank in the holding company system, assemble credit...company's activities to the management and control of banks. In determining...

  8. 12 CFR 225.122 - Bank holding company ownership of mortgage companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BANK HOLDING COMPANIES AND...mortgage loans on behalf of a bank in the holding company system, assemble credit...company's activities to the management and control of banks. In determining...

  9. 75 FR 10341 - Montoff Transportation Company, LLC-Acquisition Exemption-BNSF Railway Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-05

    ...Acquisition Exemption--BNSF Railway Company Montoff Transportation...1150.31 to acquire from BNSF Railway Company (BNSF) its right...Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway Company-- Abandonment Exemption...done until necessary track and bridge rehabilitation work is...

  10. 17 CFR 256.01-2 - Application to service companies doing business with nonassociate companies.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...situations in which the service company may perform service or construction for nonassociate companies in transactions in which charges...included in the “Income” group for “Excess or deficiency on servicing nonassociate companies.” A deficiency...

  11. 77 FR 553 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Termination; Western Bonding Company

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-05

    ...Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Termination; Western Bonding Company AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Fiscal Service...Certificate of Authority issued by the Treasury to Western Bonding Company (NAIC 13191) under 31 U.S.C. 9305 to...

  12. Distinguishing between Natural Crude Oil Seepage and Anthropogenic Petroleum Hydrocarbons in Soils at a Crude Oil Processing Facility, Coastal California

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Susan J. McCaffery; Andy Davis; David Craig

    2009-01-01

    Crude oil from offshore deposits in the Miocene Monterey Formation is commonly processed at facilities along the California coast. This formation is known for natural crude oil seepage (NCS), manifested at a California oil and gas processing facility (the site) as small pools on the ground surface, discharge from an adjacent bluff, and as free product in a hand-dug well.

  13. Great Western Malting Company geothermal project, Pocatello, Idaho. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Christensen, N.T.; McGeen, M.A.; Corlett, D.F.; Urmston, R.

    1981-12-23

    The Great Western Malting Company recently constructed a barley malting facility in Pocatello, Idaho, designed to produce 6.0 million bushels per year of brewing malt. This facility uses natural gas to supply the energy for germination and kilning processes. The escalating cost of natural gas has prompted the company to look at alternate and more economical sources of energy. Trans Energy Systems has investigated the viabiity of using geothermal energy at the new barley processing plant. Preliminary investigations show that a geothermal resource probably exists, and payback on the installation of a system to utilize the resource will occur in under 2 years. The Great Western Malting plant site has geological characteristics which are similar to areas where productive geothermal wells have been established. Geological investigations indicate that resource water temperatures will be in the 150 to 200/sup 0/F range. Geothermal energy of this quality will supply 30 to 98% of the heating requirements currently supplied by natural gas for this malting plant. Trans Energy Systems has analyzed several systems of utilizing the geothermal resource at the Great Western barley malting facility. These systems included: direct use of geothermal water; geothermal energy heating process water through an intermediary heat exchanger; coal or gas boosted geothermal systems; and heat pump boosted geothermal system. The analysis examined the steps that are required to process the grain.

  14. Arnold Schwarzenegger THE CENTRAL CALIFORNIA

    E-print Network

    Agency 1001 I Street Sacramento, California 95812 Contract No. 700-98-027 Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program Marla Mueller, Contract Manager Kelly Birkinshaw LANDING UNIT #1) Draft Source Test Report for the 2000 CENTRAL CALIFORNIA OZONE STUDY May 28, 2002

  15. Arnold Schwarzenegger THE CENTRAL CALIFORNIA

    E-print Network

    Agency 1001 I Street Sacramento, California 95812 Contract No. 700-98-027 Prepared For: California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research (PIER) Program Marla Mueller, Contract Manager Kelly Birkinshaw (PITTSBURG UNIT UNIT #6) Draft Source Test Report for the 2000 CENTRAL CALIFORNIA OZONE STUDY May 28, 2002

  16. PROCEEDINGS CALIFORNIA ACADEMY OF SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    Murphy, Bob

    . October 30, 1974 A NEW GENUS AND SPECIES OF EUBLEPHARINE GECKO (SAURIA: GEKKONIDAE) FROM BAJA CALIFORNIA: A new genus and species of eublepharine gecko, Anarbyl~hsswitaki, from central Baja California, Mexico. Switak of the California Academy of Sciences' Steinhart Aquarium, collected an unusual ground gecko

  17. California Energy Commission BLOCK GRANT

    E-print Network

    California Energy Commission BLOCK GRANT GUIDELINES (FORMULA-BASED GRANTS) ENERGY EFFICIENCY CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM ADOPTED BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION OCTOBER 7, 2009 CEC-150 Grant (EECBG) Program Guidelines 1. Background The California Energy Commission1 (Energy Commission) has

  18. California Indian Food and Culture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    2001

    This learning kit begins with a glossary of terms to help students learn about California Indians and their food. The kit explains that California Indians were the first people to live in the area now known as California, and that these tribes differed in the languages they spoke, the regions they lived in, and the foods that they ate. It explains…

  19. (Company Letterhead) Industry Grants Officer

    E-print Network

    Ollivier-Gooch, Carl

    UBC file: (Company Letterhead) Date Industry Grants Officer University-Industry Liaison, British Columbia, V6T 1Z3 Dear Industry Grants Officer: RE: Grant-In-Aid Support (the "Grant") for Dr") _____________________________________________________________________ We confirm that we are pleased to provide to Institution the Grant in the total amount of CDN

  20. In the Company of Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, George

    2009-01-01

    Being in the company of teachers is at the heart of the Coalition. The center of Ted Sizer's work, of his life, of CES, is the life of the teacher. "Horace's Compromise," the first of Sizer's well known series about teachers and school change, imparted a sympathetic portrait of Horace Smith, a teacher trying to make a difference in a system…