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1

Study of the 1991 unaccounted-for gas volume at the Southern California Gas Company. Final report, January 1991-December 1992. Volume 2. Accounting  

SciTech Connect

As part of a study of unaccounted-for gas (UAF), performed by the Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas), volume II of the six-volume set presents the results of the accounting portion, including sections on accounting adjustments and company-use gas. It identifies enhancements to accounting practices that make records more accurately reflect the physical activity occurring in the system. The result is an accounting record of gas volumes received and delivered which have been adjusted for the enhancements, and exclude accounting estimates and prior period adjustments.

Meshkati, S.; Groot, J.; Law, E.; Rudshagen, C.; Yevchak, S.

1993-04-01

2

Utilization requirements. A southern California Gas Company project SAGE report: Utilization requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Utilization requirements are given and comparisons made of two phase III SAGE (solar assisted gas energy) installations in California: (1) a retrofit installation in an existing apartment building in El Toro, and (2) an installation in a new apartment building in Upland. Such testing in the field revealed the requirements to be met if SAGE-type installations are to become commercially practical on a widespread basis in electric and gas energy usage.

Barbieri, R. H.; Schoen, R.; Hirshberg, A. S.

1978-01-01

3

75 FR 62519 - Rocky Mountain Natural Gas LLC; KeySpan Gas East Corporation; ECOP Gas Company, LLC; MGTC, Inc...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PR10-136-000 (Not Consolidated)] Rocky Mountain Natural Gas LLC; KeySpan Gas East Corporation; ECOP Gas Company, LLC; MGTC, Inc; Hill-Lake Gas Storage, LLC; Southern California Gas Company; ETC Katy Pipeline, Ltd.; Notice of Baseline...

2010-10-12

4

76 FR 35208 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Nevada Irrigation District; Notice of Environmental Site Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California] Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Nevada Irrigation District; Notice of Environmental Site Review On July 6-8...the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) and Nevada Irrigation District (NID) (applicants) will conduct an...

2011-06-16

5

78 FR 64553 - License Amendment Request for Homestake Mining Company of California, Grants Reclamation Project...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...License Amendment Request for Homestake Mining Company of California, Grants Reclamation...2013, a request to amend Homestake Mining Company of California's (HMC's or...2013, a request to amend Homestake Mining Company of California's (HMC's...

2013-10-29

6

Natural gas annual 1993 supplement: Company profiles  

SciTech Connect

The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. This report, the Natural Gas Annual 1993 Supplement: Company Profiles, presents a detailed profile of 45 selected companies in the natural gas industry. The purpose of this report is to show the movement of natural gas through the various States served by the companies profiled. The companies in this report are interstate pipeline companies or local distribution companies (LDC`s). Interstate pipeline companies acquire gas supplies from company owned production, purchases from producers, and receipts for transportation for account of others. Pipeline systems, service area maps, company supply and disposition data are presented.

Not Available

1995-02-01

7

78 FR 30915 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Nevada Irrigation District; Notice of Availability of the Draft...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Project No. 2310-193-California; Project No. 2266-102-California] Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Nevada Irrigation District; Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Drum-Spaulding and Yuba-Bear...

2013-05-23

8

California's new mandatory greenhouse gas reporting regulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beginning in early 2009, approximately 1000 California businesses will begin reporting their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions based on the requirements of a new regulation adopted by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) in December 2007. California's mandatory GHG reporting regulation is the first rule adopted as a requirement of the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, passed by the California

Patrick Gaffney; Doug Thompson; Richard Bode

2008-01-01

9

75 FR 62517 - California Water Service Company; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. 13802-000] California Water Service Company; Notice of...d. Applicant: California Water Service Company. e. Name of...Manager of Design, California Water Service Company, 1720 North...infrastructure; (2) one reverse-pump turbine generator unit with a...

2010-10-12

10

Gas Supplies of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies 1985.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication provides information on the total reserves, production, and deliverability capabilities of the 91 interstate pipeline companies. The gas supplies of interstate pipeline companies consist of the certificated, dedicated, recoverable, salabl...

1986-01-01

11

75 FR 63167 - San Diego Gas and Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services Into Markets...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EL00-98-228] San Diego Gas and Electric Company v. Sellers...Corporation and the California Power Exchange; Investigation of...Operator and the California Power Exchange Corporation; Notice...October 6, 2010, the California Power Exchange Corporation filed...

2010-10-14

12

Performance of the Southern California Edison Company Stirling dish  

SciTech Connect

McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company (MDAC) and United Stirling AB of Sweden (USAB) formed a joint venture in 1982 to develop and produce a Stirling dish solar generating system. In this report, the six year development and testing program continued by the Southern California Edison Company (SCE) is described. Each Stirling dish module consists of a sun tracking dish concentrator developed by the MDAC and a Stirling engine driven power conversion unit (PCU) developed by USAB. The Stirling dish system demonstrated twice the peak and daily solar-to-electric conversion efficiency of any other system then under development. This system continues to set the performance standard for solar to electric systems being developed in the early 1990`s. Test data are presented and used to estimate the performance of a commercial system.

Lopez, C.W. [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States); Stone, K.W. [Mako Enterprises, Huntington Beach, CA (United States)

1993-10-01

13

Gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication provides information on the interstate pipeline companies' supply of natural gas in the United States during calendar year 1990, for use by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission for regulatory purposes. It also provides information to ...

1992-01-01

14

8. VIEW OF INTERIOR WALL OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. VIEW OF INTERIOR WALL OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2. HOUSE, LOOKING EAST. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

15

2. VIEW OF WEST SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW OF WEST SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2 HOUSE, LOOKING EAST. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

16

7. VIEW OF INTERIOR WALL OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. VIEW OF INTERIOR WALL OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2. HOUSE, LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

17

1. VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2 HOUSE, LOOKING NORTH. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

18

3. VIEW OF EAST SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. VIEW OF EAST SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2 HOUSE LOOKING WEST. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

19

6. VIEW OF INTERIOR WALL OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. VIEW OF INTERIOR WALL OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2 HOUSE, LOOKING NORTH. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

20

4. VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2 HOUSE LOOKING SOUTH. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

21

Health Hazard Evaluation Report No. HHE-80-68-871, Sinclair Paint Company, Los Angeles, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Environmental and personal samples were analyzed for vinyl-acetate (108054), ethyl-acrylate (140885), and butyl-acrylate (141322), and medical interviews were conducted with three workers at the Sinclair Paint Company (SIC-2851) in Los Angeles, California...

P. L. Belanger M. J. Coye

1981-01-01

22

78 FR 41395 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...licensee would transfer some of the project facilities to San Gorgonio Pass Water Agency, Banning Heights Mutual Water Company, and the City of Banning, California, to allow continuation of water deliveries to the local communities. The...

2013-07-10

23

78 FR 25076 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...licensee would transfer some of the project facilities to San Gorgonio Pass Water Agency, Banning Heights Mutual Water Company, and the City of Banning, California, to allow continuation of water deliveries to the local communities. The...

2013-04-29

24

76 FR 72675 - Grant of Authority for Subzone Status, Valero Refining Company-California, (Oil Refinery...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Refining Company-- California, (Oil Refinery), Benicia, CA Pursuant to its authority...42) products consumed as fuel for the refinery shall be subject to the applicable duty...19 CFR 146.42) may be elected on refinery inputs covered under HTSUS...

2011-11-25

25

76 FR 39864 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Dominion Gas Transmission, Inc.; Notice of Availability of the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-41-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Dominion Gas Transmission, Inc.; Notice...assessment (EA) for Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company's (TGP) proposed...and participate in the NEPA analysis. TGP's Project includes...

2011-07-07

26

76 FR 12721 - Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...18, 2011, Northern Natural Gas Company (Northern), 1111 South 103...section 7(b) of the Natural Gas Act (NGA) and Part...place three horizontal compressor units at its Sunray Compressor Station and associated...

2011-03-08

27

California's new mandatory greenhouse gas reporting regulation  

SciTech Connect

Beginning in early 2009, approximately 1000 California businesses will begin reporting their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions based on the requirements of a new regulation adopted by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) in December 2007. California's mandatory GHG reporting regulation is the first rule adopted as a requirement of the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, passed by the California Legislature as Assembly Bill 32 (AB 32; Nunez, Chapter 488, Statutes of 2006) and signed by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger in September 2006. The regulation is the first of its kind in the United States to require facilities to report annual GHG emissions. In general, all facilities subject to reporting are required to report their on-site stationary source combustion emissions of CO{sub 2}, nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O), and methane (CH{sub 4}). Some industrial sectors, such as cement producers and oil refineries, also must report their process emissions, which occur from chemical or other noncombustion activities. Fugitive emissions from facilities are required to be reported when specified in the regulation. Sulfur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) and hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) use is prevalent in electricity facilities and must be reported. CO{sub 2} emissions from biomass-derived fuels must be separately identified during reporting, and reporters must also provide their consumption of purchased or acquired electricity and thermal energy; these requirements will assist facilities in evaluating changes in their fossil fuel carbon footprints. 1 tab.

Patrick Gaffney; Doug Thompson; Richard Bode [California Air Resources Board, CA (United States)

2008-11-15

28

76 FR 10329 - Foreign-Trade Zone 3-San Francisco, California; Application for Subzone; Valero Refining Company...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Refining Company--California (Oil Refinery), Benicia, California An application...Solano County: Site 1 (510 acres) main refinery complex, located at 3400 East 2nd Street...farm, located southeast of the main refinery complex, Benicia; Site 3...

2011-02-24

29

76 FR 13177 - Public Utilities Commission of Nevada and Sierra Pacific Power Company v. Tuscarora Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Nevada and Sierra Pacific Power Company v. Tuscarora Gas Transmission Company...section 5 of the Natural Gas Act, 15 USC 717d(a...Nevada and Sierra Pacific Power Company (Complainants...complaint against Tuscarora Gas Transmission...

2011-03-10

30

77 FR 4220 - Storage Reporting Requirements of Interstate and Intrastate Natural Gas Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requirements of Interstate and Intrastate Natural Gas Companies AGENCY: Federal Energy...requirements for Interstate and Intrastate Natural Gas Companies. The Commission finds...requirements for (1) interstate natural gas companies subject to the...

2012-01-27

31

Natural gas revenues of major energy companies, 1977-1981  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents an analysis of the levels and trends of natural gas revenues of 26 major US energy companies for the period 1977 through 1981. The companies are those whose corporate financial data are reported to the US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration for its Financial Reporting System (FRS). The period under review is constrained by the availability

Cantor

1983-01-01

32

7. Claremont Gas Light Company/Gas Works, Monadnock Mills. The iron ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Claremont Gas Light Company/Gas Works, Monadnock Mills. The iron gas holder is still in place inside the remains of the exterior brick walls. - Monadnock Mills, 15 Water Street, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

33

Baseline Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Forests And Rangelands in California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report titled Baseline Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals for Forests and Rangelands in California sought to quantify the baseline of changes in carbon stocks on forest and range lands in California for the 1990's--filling the gaps for those secto...

B. Chambers B. Lee L. Spiegel M. Gravely M. Jones T. Kelley

2009-01-01

34

The Optimal Gas Tax for California1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper calculates the optimal gasoline tax for the state of California. According to our analysis, the optimal gasoline tax in California is $1.37\\/gallon, which is over 3 times the current California tax when excluding sales taxes. The Pigovian tax is the largest part of this tax, comprising $0.85\\/gallon. Of this, the congestion externality is taxed the most heavily, at

Y. Cynthia Lin; Lea Prince

2009-01-01

35

Gas Supplies of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies, 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides information on the total reserves, production, and deliverability capabilities of the 86 interstate pipeline companies required to file the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Form 15, Interstate Pipeline's Annual Report of Ga...

V. Pridgen

1984-01-01

36

Industrywide Studies Report: A Walk-Through Survey of Becton Dickinson Labware, Becton, Dickinson and Company, Oxnard, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A walkthrough survey was conducted at Becton Dickinson Labware, Becton, Dickinson, and Company (SIC-3079) in Oxnard, California in August, 1984. The purpose of the survey was to determine the feasibility of including the facility in a mortality/industrial...

J. S. Morawetz L. Stayner

1984-01-01

37

Cooperative Research and Development Agreement between the California Air Resources Board and Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company. Final report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the activities under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Lockheed-Martin Idaho Technologies Company (LMITCO) and the California Air Resources Board (CARB). The activities were performed at the Idaho Nati...

G. H. Cole

1998-01-01

38

75 FR 80758 - Storage Reporting Requirements of Interstate and Intrastate Natural Gas Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requirements of Interstate and Intrastate Natural Gas Companies December 16, 2010...requiring interstate and intrastate natural gas pipelines to report semi-annually...required of interstate and intrastate natural gas companies pursuant to 18 CFR...

2010-12-23

39

76 FR 18754 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Dominion Transmission, Inc.; Notice of Onsite Environmental Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-41-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Dominion...the environmental analysis of two related projects...proposed by Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (TGP...proposed Loop 315 pipeline route associated...1249 Tennessee Gas Road, (near...

2011-04-05

40

76 FR 42725 - Notice of Availability of the Record of Decision for the Southern California Edison Company...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California Edison Company Devers-Palo Verde No. 2 Transmission Line Project, California...Decision (ROD) for the Devers-Palo Verde No. 2 Transmission Line Project located...station switchyard, located near the Palo Verde Nuclear Generating Station west of...

2011-07-19

41

Southern Union Gas Company Gas Transmission Pipeline Failure Near Farmington, New Mexico, March 15, 1974.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

About 3:45 a.m. on March 15, 1974, the Southern Union Gas Company's 12-inch natural gas transmission pipeline ruptured in a desert near Farmington, New Mexico. Natural gas at almost 500-psig pressure escaped, ignited, and burned several hundred feet high....

1975-01-01

42

76 FR 52652 - National Fuel Gas Supply Corporation; Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Availability of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Northern Access and Station 230C Projects...National Fuel Gas Supply Corporation's...Fuel) proposed Northern Access Project and Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company's...TGP) proposed Station 230C Project in...dekatherms per day of natural gas to TransCanada...new East Aurora Compressor Station,...

2011-08-23

43

75 FR 30021 - South Carolina Electric & Gas Company Saluda Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Proposed Restricted...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Carolina Electric & Gas Company Saluda Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Proposed Restricted...Register of Historic Places at the Saluda Hydroelectric Project No. 516-459. The programmatic...Gas Company, as licensee for Saluda Hydroelectric Project No. 516, the Catawba...

2010-05-28

44

77 FR 51792 - Colorado Interstate Gas Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP12-496-000] Colorado Interstate Gas Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application Take notice that on August 7, 2012, Colorado Interstate Gas Company, L.L.C. (CIG), Post Office Box 1087, Colorado...

2012-08-27

45

78 FR 59650 - Subzone 9F, Authorization of Production Activity, The Gas Company, LLC dba Hawai'i Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Zones Board [B-53-2013] Subzone 9F, Authorization of Production Activity, The Gas Company, LLC dba Hawai'i Gas, (Synthetic Natural Gas), Kapolei, Hawaii On May 22, 2013, The Gas Company, LLC dba Hawai'i Gas submitted a notification of...

2013-09-27

46

75 FR 28604 - Southern California Edison Company; Pacific Gas and Electric Company; San Diego Gas & Electric...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...09-12-042 violates the Federal Power Act, 16 U.S.C. 824, et seq., and the Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution insofar as it sets the rate for electric energy that is sold at wholesale in interstate commerce by public...

2010-05-21

47

76 FR 18751 - National Fuel Gas Supply Corporation; Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corporation (National Fuel) and Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (TGP). National...entitled ``An Interstate Natural Gas Facility On My Land? What Do I Need...dekatherms per day of firm Marcellus Shale natural gas transportation service to...

2011-04-05

48

Measurement of radon gas on major faults in California, USA  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Abundant data have been gathered through measurements of radon gas emission in the soil on several major active faults, such as San Andreas and Calaveras, in California, U.S.A.. They show radon emissions and their spatial variations at the unlocked, locked, and creeping sections of faults with different tectonic movements. The characteristics of these variations and the role of fault gases in the research on earthquake prediction are discussed in this paper. ?? 1994 Acta Seismologica Sinica.

Zhang, W.; King, C. -Y.

1994-01-01

49

California Student Get Away Special Payload GAS-450  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The California Student Get Away Special Payload GAS-450, recently went into orbit on the STS-57 Mission, Space Shuttle, Endeavour, 21 June 1993, 6:14 AM and landed on the 29 June 1993 at Kennedy Space Center (KSC). Fifty students from 13 California Central Coast Schools and one in San Francisco designed and built 13 active experiments (6 modules) for this mission. Preliminary analysis of our completely reusable payload bus system indicated that the structure, power system, microprocessor, and sensor systems in each experiment module worked flawlessly. The experiments themselves performed exceptionally well with a 60 percent success ratio. The students are thoroughly documenting their own experiments and results via a standard research paper guideline generated by the GAS-450 technical staff. Lessons learned (program management and technical) are documented at the end of the paper. If any other organization needs payload/experiment development or NASA documentation assistance, then please contact us. We can help make your idea a space tested reality. Three years of intense effort culminated on 3 February 1993, the GSFC field operations team at Kennedy Space Center performed the final pressure decay and electrical tests upon the fully integrated GAS-450 flight canister. Subsequently, the payload was integrated with its parent GAS Bridge Assembly in mid-February and the bridge was transferred to the KSC orbiter team in late February 1993. The STS-57 mission originally scheduled to launch on the 29 April 1993 slipped until 21 June 1993. Our Payload shared the cargo bay with ten other GAS Canisters, the EUREKA experiment, the SHOOT experiment, and the SPACEHAB-1 module. The SIL technical staff retrieved the GAS-450 payload after flight from the NASA Spin Test Facility at KSC and shipped it back to California on the 22 July 1993 for student analysis at Allan Hancock College this summer.

Ray, Glen; Burke, Edmund; Waldman, Marty

1993-10-01

50

California Student Get Away Special Payload GAS-450  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The California Student Get Away Special Payload GAS-450, recently went into orbit on the STS-57 Mission, Space Shuttle, Endeavour, 21 June 1993, 6:14 AM and landed on the 29 June 1993 at Kennedy Space Center (KSC). Fifty students from 13 California Central Coast Schools and one in San Francisco designed and built 13 active experiments (6 modules) for this mission. Preliminary analysis of our completely reusable payload bus system indicated that the structure, power system, microprocessor, and sensor systems in each experiment module worked flawlessly. The experiments themselves performed exceptionally well with a 60 percent success ratio. The students are thoroughly documenting their own experiments and results via a standard research paper guideline generated by the GAS-450 technical staff. Lessons learned (program management and technical) are documented at the end of the paper. If any other organization needs payload/experiment development or NASA documentation assistance, then please contact us. We can help make your idea a space tested reality. Three years of intense effort culminated on 3 February 1993, the GSFC field operations team at Kennedy Space Center performed the final pressure decay and electrical tests upon the fully integrated GAS-450 flight canister. Subsequently, the payload was integrated with its parent GAS Bridge Assembly in mid-February and the bridge was transferred to the KSC orbiter team in late February 1993. The STS-57 mission originally scheduled to launch on the 29 April 1993 slipped until 21 June 1993. Our Payload shared the cargo bay with ten other GAS Canisters, the EUREKA experiment, the SHOOT experiment, and the SPACEHAB-1 module. The SIL technical staff retrieved the GAS-450 payload after flight from the NASA Spin Test Facility at KSC and shipped it back to California on the 22 July 1993 for student analysis at Allan Hancock College this summer.

Ray, Glen; Burke, Edmund; Waldman, Marty

1993-01-01

51

75 FR 18828 - Wisconsin Electric Power Company, Wisconsin Gas LLC, Wisconsin Public Service Corporation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RP10-517-000] Wisconsin Electric Power Company, Wisconsin Gas LLC, Wisconsin Public Service...to section 5 of the Natural Gas Act, 15 U.S.C. 717d...2009), Wisconsin Electric Power Company, Wisconsin Gas LLC, and Wisconsin...

2010-04-13

52

Deregulation of the California electric power industry: An analysis of electric and natural gas corporate mergers and their effect on the California electric power market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Deregulation of the electric utility industry in California is moving in a direction that places greater reliance on the market forces of competition. Investor owned utilities (IOU's) are using mergers and acquisitions to improve their ability to compete in this new environment. Two large mergers were proposed in 1996 that could affect the California market. The first is between Enron Corporation, a large power marketer and Portland General Corporation, owner of Portland General Electric. The second is between Pacific Enterprises Inc., owner of Southern California Gas Company, the largest natural gas utility in the U. S., and Enova Corporation, owner of San Diego Gas and Electric Company. Understanding the impact of these mergers on the California electric power market is the focus of this study. This study examines hypotheses dealing with: (1) Merger Strategy, (2) Efficiency, and (3) Market Power. Using the Miles and Snow (1978) typology, I develop a strategic orientation model for the merger participants and their competitors. The results suggest a two-stage strategic orientation: (1) regulated core business stage, where the firms follow a Defender strategy, and (2) unregulated business stage, where the firms follow a Prospector strategy. Further, the results show the mergers are consistent with the strategy of Enron and Pacific Enterprises. Event study methodology, dollar gains/losses and market value weighted returns are used to determine if the mergers support the efficiency hypothesis. The evidence suggests the mergers lead to increased competitive advantage through improved efficiency for the participants. The results also suggest the mergers do not harm the rivals. The results of structural changes made by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) in deregulation of the California market and analysis of the mergers by the CPUC and the Public Utility Commission of Oregon suggest that the exercise of market power is not a significant issue. Finally, the likely winners in the deregulated environment in California are the broad-based IOU firms, which use a combination Defender/Prospector strategy and do not over-commit resources to mergers or acquisitions.

Hornbuckle, James Dixon

53

Cooperative Research and Development Agreement between the California Air Resources Board and Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Lockheed-Martin Idaho Technologies Company (LMITCO) and the California Air Resources Board (CARB). The activities were performed at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) between June 1995 and December 1997. Work under this agreement was concentrated in two task areas as defined in the California Air Resources Board`s contract number 94-908 having an approval date of June 9, 1995: Task 1--EV and HEV Vehicle Testing and Assessment and Task 4--Advanced Battery Testing.

Cole, G.H.

1998-04-01

54

18 CFR 260.9 - Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service interruptions and damage to facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS (SCHEDULES) § 260.9 Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on...

2009-04-01

55

18 CFR 260.9 - Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service interruptions and damage to facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS (SCHEDULES) § 260.9 Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on...

2010-04-01

56

75 FR 61463 - The Narragansett Electric Company; Arcadia Gas Storage, LLC; Salt Plains Storage, LLC; Jefferson...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Jefferson Island Storage & Hub, L.L.C.; Eagle Rock Desoto Pipeline, L.P.; The Brooklyn Union Gas Company; Arkansas Ok Gas Corporation; Notice of Baseline Filings September 29, 2010. Take notice that on September 22, 2010, September 23,...

2010-10-05

57

78 FR 72671 - Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...by Northern Natural Gas Company (Northern) in the above-referenced docket. Northern requests authorization...and maintain new natural gas facilities in Dakota...700-horsepower compressor station in Dodge County,...

2013-12-03

58

75 FR 13535 - Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...March 12, 2010, Northern Natural Gas Company (Northern), 1111 South 103rd Street...Commission's regulations under the Natural Gas Act for authorization to abandon a compressor station and appurtenant...

2010-03-22

59

77 FR 28869 - Exelon Corporation, Public Service Electric and Gas Company, PSEG Power LLC, PSEG Energy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Service Electric and Gas Company, PSEG Power LLC, PSEG Energy Resources...and section 206 of the Federal Power Act, 16 U.S.C. 824(e...Public Service Electric and Gas Company, PSEG Power LLC, and PSEG Energy...

2012-05-16

60

77 FR 7211 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Diablo Canyon Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...72-26; NRC-2011-0110] Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Diablo Canyon Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation; Notice...SNM-2511 to the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) for the Diablo Canyon (DC) Independent Spent Fuel Storage...

2012-02-10

61

Industry-wide studies report of walk-through survey of Schilling, McCormick and Company, Incorporated, Salinas, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

A walk-through survey was conducted to determine the suitability of including Schilling, McCormick and Company, Salinas, California, in an industry-wide mortality and industrial hygiene study concerning workers with potential exposure to ethylene oxide. At this facility, spices are ground, milled, blended, mixed and filled for various customers. Et0 is used to treat unprocessed poppy seeds and Brazilian pepper as they

J. Morawetz; K. Steenland

1986-01-01

62

Evaluation of Public Service Electric & Gas Company`s standard offer program, Volume I  

SciTech Connect

In May 1993, Public Service Electric and Gas (PSE&G), the largest investor-owned utility in New Jersey, initiated the Standard Offer program, an innovative approach to acquiring demand-side management (DSM) resources. In this program, PSE&G offers longterm contracts with standard terms and conditions to project sponsors, either customers or third-party energy service companies (ESCOs), on a first-come, first-serve basis to fill a resource block. The design includes posted, time-differentiated prices which are paid for energy savings that will be verified over the contract term (5, 10, or 15 years) based on a statewide measurement and verification (M&V) protocol. The design of the Standard Offer differs significantly from DSM bidding programs in several respects. The eligibility requirements and posted prices allow ESCOs and other energy service providers to market and develop projects among customers with few constraints on acceptable end use efficiency technologies. In contrast, in DSM bidding, ESCOs typically submit bids without final commitments from customers and the utility selects a limited number of winning bidders who often agree to deliver a pre-specified mix of savings from various end uses in targeted markets. The major objectives of the LBNL evaluation were to assess market response and customer satisfaction; analyze program costs and cost-effectiveness; review and evaluate the utility`s administration and delivery of the program; examine the role of PSE&G`s energy services subsidiary (PSCRC) in the program and the effect of its involvement on the development of the energy services industry in New Jersey; and discuss the potential applicability of the Standard Offer concept given current trends in the electricity industry (i.e., increasing competition and the prospect of industry restructuring).

Goldman, C.A.; Kito, M.S.; Moezzi, M.M.

1995-07-01

63

77 FR 38793 - Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of...abandonment of facilities by Northern Natural Gas Company (Northern) in Ochiltree, Hansford...abandoned Skellytown Station near Skellytown, Carson...Northern's Spearman Compressor Station in...

2012-06-29

64

75 FR 38093 - ConocoPhillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application for Blanket...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ConocoPhillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application for Blanket Authorization...ConocoPhillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation (CPANGC) and Marathon Oil Company (Marathon) (collectively Applicants), requesting...

2010-07-01

65

Safety Evaluation Report Related to the Operation of Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2. Docket Numbers 50-275 and 50-323, Pacific Gas and Electric Company.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Supplement No. 18 to the Safety Evaluation Report for Pacific Gas and Electric Company's application for licenses to operate the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant (Docket Nos. 50-275 and 50-323), located in San Luis Obispo County, California, has been pre...

1983-01-01

66

U.S. gas companies seek niches in decontrolled power industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scores of US companies are using their gas industry experience to take advantage of opportunities arising from reform of domestic power regulations. FERC`s long effort to bolster gas industry efficiency and reliability by encouraging competition in US interstate markets forced the gas industry to make many tough economic and logistical decisions. FERC late last March issued the much anticipated open

Koen

1995-01-01

67

78 FR 26354 - Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company, LLC; Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company, LLC (Transco...dekatherms per day of natural gas into the New York City...a 3.2-mile-long pipeline in Queens and Kings Counties...three existing natural gas- fired reciprocating...process is to focus the analysis in the EIS on...

2013-05-06

68

75 FR 8152 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Diablo Canyon Power Plant Environmental Assessment and Finding...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...50-323; NRC-2010-0059] Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Diablo Canyon Power Plant Environmental Assessment and Finding of No...Electric Company (PG&E, the licensee), for operation of the Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Unit Nos. 1 and 2 (DCPP), located...

2010-02-23

69

75 FR 12315 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Diablo Canyon Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2009-0569] Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Diablo Canyon Independent Spent Fuel Storage...and Electric Company (PG&E) for the Diablo Canyon Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation (ISFSI), located at the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Unit...

2010-03-15

70

What has DSM achieved in California?  

SciTech Connect

Since the late 1980`s, the four largest California investor-owned utilities have initiated and expanded various demand-side management (DSM) programs designed to produce energy and capacity savings and to provide comprehensive services to their customers. This commitment to energy efficiency was encouraged by the establishment of financial incentives for the utilities to acquire demand-side resources. The four utilities include: Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E); San Diego Gas and Electric Company (SDG&E); and Southern California Edison (SCE), and Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas). This paper summarizes the results of 50 evaluation studies that assess California DSM programs operating between 1990 and 1992. The report concludes that in aggregate the California DSM programs outperformed DSM programs from the 1980`s, in terms of more accurately forecasting energy and demand impacts.

Brown, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Mihlmester, P.E. [Aspen Systems Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1995-06-01

71

75 FR 54618 - CAlifornians for Renewable Energy, Inc. (CARE) v. Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Southern...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. EL10-84-000] CAlifornians for Renewable Energy, Inc. (CARE) v. Pacific Gas and Electric Company...18 CFR 385.206, (2010), CAlifornians for Renewable Energy, Inc. (Complainant) filed a complaint...

2010-09-08

72

75 FR 66744 - Californians for Renewable Energy, Inc. (CARE) v. Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Southern...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. EL10-84-001] Californians for Renewable Energy, Inc. (CARE) v. Pacific Gas and Electric Company...385.212 and 18 CFR 385.215, CAlifornians for Renewable Energy, Inc. (Complainant) filed an amendment to...

2010-10-29

73

75 FR 30021 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Saluda Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Teleconference...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Saluda Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Teleconference...for shortnose sturgeon for the Saluda Hydroelectric Project. The South Carolina Electric...telephone. The FERC contact for the Saluda Hydroelectric Project is Lee Emery. Please...

2010-05-28

74

78 FR 42516 - Nevada Irrigation District; Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Public Meetings Soliciting Comments...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Project No. 2266-102; Project No. 2310-193; Project No. 14530-000; Project No. 14531-000] Nevada Irrigation District; Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Public Meetings Soliciting Comments on the Draft Environmental Impact...

2013-07-16

75

76 FR 44903 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...toll- free, (886) 208-3676 or TYY, (202) 502-8659. Any questions regarding this application should be directed to Nan Miksovsky, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC, Post Office Box 1396, Houston, Texas 77251-1396, or by...

2011-07-27

76

77 FR 39699 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...customers have been served through Station 20 for several years. Any questions regarding this Application should be directed to Nan Miksovsky, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC, P.O. Box 1396, Houston, Texas 77251, or call (713)...

2012-07-05

77

76 FR 36533 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...free at (866) 208-3676, or TTY, contact (202) 502-8659. Any questions concerning this application may be directed to Nan Miksovsky, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC, P.O. Box 1396, Houston, Texas, 77251 at (713)...

2011-06-22

78

75 FR 32460 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...diameter interconnecting pipeline between the metering...Bridgeline's existing pipeline system, where Bridgeline has already constructed the tap for this interconnection...Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America...

2010-06-08

79

75 FR 55315 - Seminole Energy Services, LLC; Seminole Gas Company, LLC; Seminole High Plains, LLC; Lakeshore...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. IN09-9-000] Seminole Energy Services, LLC; Seminole Gas Company, LLC; Seminole High Plains, LLC; Lakeshore Energy Services, LLC; Vanguard Energy Services, LLC Notice of Amended Designation of Commission Staff...

2010-09-10

80

Subsurface gas offshore of northern California and its link to submarine geomorphology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The northern California continental margin contains evidence of abundant subsurface gas and numerous seafloor features that suggest a causative link between gas expulsion and geomorphology. Analyses of seismic reflection, sidescan sonar, and high-resolution multibeam bathymetric data show that the occurrence of subbottom gas and the migration processes beneath the shelf differ from those beneath the slope. Subsurface gas, inferred from

Janet W Yun; Daniel L Orange; Michael E Field

1999-01-01

81

78 FR 39718 - Trunkline Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...by the addition of electronic gas measurement equipment, two 24-inch tees, overpressure protection equipment, check valves, insulating kits and associated piping. The proposed modifications will allow for the delivery of gas to...

2013-07-02

82

76 FR 18747 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...replace two compressor units with two larger compressor units, as well...enhancements at its compressor Station 230C near Lockport...National Fuel Gas Supply Corporation...transportation of natural gas to, and...at Niagara (Northern Access...

2011-04-05

83

Pipeline Accident Report. Atlanta Gas Light Company High-Pressure Gas Main Rupture, Atlanta, Georgia, December 1, 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At 1:00 p.m. e.s.t. on December 1, 1977, a 12-inch, cast-iron, high-pressure gas main owned by the Atlanta Gas Light Company was ruptured by an 8-inch, steel I-beam pile, which was driven through the pipe at a construction site in downtown Atlanta, Georgi...

1978-01-01

84

Interstate Pipeline Companies Annual Report of Gas Supply (FERC 15).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The computer data tape specified herein contains validated FERC-15 respondent data reported in the Synopsis of Gas Supply, Schedule I, Schedule II and Footnote Data. The Synopsis of Gas Supply and Schedule I contain summary level reserves and production d...

J. R. Arnold R. Marcotte

1981-01-01

85

75 FR 10838 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Diablo Canyon Power Plant; Exemption  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...50-323; NRC-2010-0059] Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Diablo Canyon Power Plant; Exemption 1.0 Background Pacific Gas...Nos. DPR-80 and DPR-82, which authorize operation of the Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Units Nos. 1 and 2 (DCPP). The...

2010-03-09

86

18 CFR 260.1 - FERC Form No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01...Annual report for Major natural gas companies. 260.1 Section 260.1 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL...ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND...

2010-04-01

87

76 FR 22422 - Notice of Proposed Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 49187, California  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 49187, California AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: No valid lease has been issued affecting the lands. The lessee has agreed to new lease terms for rentals and...

2011-04-21

88

75 FR 32812 - Notice of Proposed Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 44900, California  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 44900, California AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: No valid lease has been issued affecting the lands. The lessee has agreed to new lease terms for rentals and...

2010-06-09

89

Handbook for Estimating the Potential Air Quality Impacts Associated with Oil and Gas Development Offshore California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report consists of a workbook to estimate onshore air quality impacts associated with the exploration, development, and production of oil and gas resources offshore California. The handbook consists of two sections. The first section presents emissio...

1983-01-01

90

75 FR 63462 - Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...550,000 dekatherms of natural gas per day, and would have a maximum...infrastructure to receive natural gas produced from Marcellus Shale production areas for delivery to...interstate pipeline systems of Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (TGP),...

2010-10-15

91

Helium soil-gas variations associated with recent central California earthquakes: precursor or coincidence?  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Decreases in the helium concentration of soil-gas have been observed to precede six of eight recent central California earthquakes. Ten monitoring stations were established near Hollister, California and along the San Andreas Fault to permit gas collection. The data showed decreases occurring a few weeks before the earthquakes and concentratiosn returned to prequake levels either shortly before or after the earthquakes.-Author

Reimer, G. M.

1981-01-01

92

76 FR 7903 - Union Pacific Railroad Company-Trackage Rights Exemption-California Northern Railroad Co.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Pursuant to a written trackage rights agreement dated July 1, 2010...to grant overhead trackage rights to Union Pacific Railroad Company...condition to this exemption, any employees affected by the trackage rights will be protected by the...

2011-02-11

93

Status of the Southern California Edison Company 3 MW Wind Turbine Generator (WTG) demonstration project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

To demonstrate the concept of utility scale electricity production from a high wind energy resource, a program was initiated to construct and test a 3 megawatt (3,000 kW) Schachle wind turbine generator near Palm Springs, California. The background and current status of this program are presented along with a summary of future planned program activities.

Scheffler, R. L.

1979-01-01

94

U.S. gas companies seek niches in decontrolled power industry  

SciTech Connect

Scores of US companies are using their gas industry experience to take advantage of opportunities arising from reform of domestic power regulations. FERC`s long effort to bolster gas industry efficiency and reliability by encouraging competition in US interstate markets forced the gas industry to make many tough economic and logistical decisions. FERC late last March issued the much anticipated open access notice of proposed rulemaking (NOPR), dubbed giga-NOPR, for the US power industry. With it, FERC began leading the power industry down the same competitive, open access path upon which it earlier had led the gas industry. Many gas marketing and transportation firms see an opportunity in power industry reform to apply trading skills and tools they developed to manage competitive gas supplies and services. The paper discusses the growing synergism between the natural gas industry and electric utilities, regulatory action, gas-fired power plants, reform of the power industry, gas marketing, market benefits, and benefits for utilities.

Koen, A.D.

1995-10-23

95

Reconsidering California Transport Policies: Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in an Uncertain Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past decade, the state of California has set aggressive greenhouse gas emissions targets across all sectors of the economy. The first major target occurs in 2020, when the state hopes to have reduced statewide greenhouse gas emission from their current levels to 1990 levels. This 320-page paper from RAND researcher Ryan Keefe takes a critical look at the policies adopted by California in its attempt to achieve these long-term goals. Visitors can look over the complete document if they are so inclined, but there is a brief summary available as well. The paper provides a history of climate policy in California, sections on policy options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from automobiles, and new methods for evaluating California's light-duty transportation policies. Finally, the paper also includes a wealth of graphs, charts, and technical appendices.

Keefe, Ryan

2012-02-24

96

75 FR 62519 - Northern Illinois Gas Company; Lee 8 Storage Partnership; NorthWestern Corporation; The East Ohio...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PR10-126-000;. PR10-127-000; PR10-128-000; PR10-129-000 (Not Consolidated)] Northern Illinois Gas Company; Lee 8 Storage Partnership; NorthWestern Corporation; The East Ohio Gas Company; UGI Central Penn Gas, Inc.; Arkansas...

2010-10-12

97

75 FR 53963 - Notice of Baseline Filings: The Peoples Gas Light and Coke Company, Minnesota Energy Resources...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PR10-88- 000, Docket No. PR10-89-000, Docket No. PR10-90-000] Notice of Baseline Filings: The Peoples Gas Light and Coke Company, Minnesota Energy Resources Corporation, Louisville Gas and Electric Company, Cobra Pipeline Ltd., Humble Gas...

2010-09-02

98

MEASURES TO ABATE GREEN HOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN LOGISTICS COMPANIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the regulations of the Kyoto Protocol and EU burden sharing, Germany has agreed to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions by 21 % from 2008 to 2012 compared to the 1990 emission level. In contrast to other sectors, the level of GHG emissions rose slightly in the transportation industry. This was mainly due to road transport and in particular

Clausen Uwe; Deymann Simon; Schmied Martin; Friedrichs Jrg

99

Great Lakes Gas Transmission Company Application for Transporting of Natural Gas from Emerson, Manitoba, to Carlton, Minnesota. Construction of Loop Line Docket No. CP71-299.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On June 15, 1971, Great Lakes Gas Transmission Company (Great Lakes) filed a certificate application seeking authority to transport up to 390,000 Mcfd of natural gas for Northern Natural Gas Company (Northern) from a point on the United States-Canadian bo...

1971-01-01

100

78 FR 37213 - Southern Union Company, d/b/a Missouri Gas Energy; Laclede Gas Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Any questions regarding the joint application should be directed to: Gearold L. Knowles, Attorney for Missouri Gas Energy, Schiff Hardin LLP, 901 K Street NW., Suite 700, Washington, DC 20001, by phone at (202) 778-6400, or by email at...

2013-06-20

101

77 FR 9959 - Notice of Proposed Reinstatement of Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 50123, California  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Terminated Oil and Gas Lease CACA 50123, California AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior...reinstatement of oil and gas lease CACA 50123 from West Coast Land Service. The petition...INFORMATION: No valid lease has been issued affecting the lands. The lessee...

2012-02-21

102

Market structure and exhaustible resources: The case of natural gas and crude oil in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a dataset of natural gas and crude oil production in the state of California, evidence shows overextraction incentives among market participants that shared a common pool. Due to these incentives the supply of gas and crude oil extraction tends to become more inelastic as the number of firms in the pool increases. Using an instrumental variables estimation of the

Carolina Czastkiewicz

2005-01-01

103

Trace gas and particulate emissions from the 2003 southern California wildfires  

Microsoft Academic Search

In October 2003, thirteen major wildfires in southern California burned more than 300,000 hectares of mainly chaparral biome. High-precision in situ trace gas and particle measurements of the wildfire plumes in La Jolla, California, showed a high degree of correlation among carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nonmethane hydrocarbons, and methyl halide mixing ratios, as well as with particle number concentrations

J. Mhle; T. J. Lueker; Y. Su; B. R. Miller; K. A. Prather; R. F. Weiss

2007-01-01

104

75 FR 20010 - Pacific Gas & Electric Company; Establishment of Atomic Safety and Licensing Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the following proceeding: Pacific Gas & Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2) This proceeding...licenses DPR-80 and DPR-82, which authorize PG&E to operate Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2, located near...

2010-04-16

105

76 FR 18750 - Humble Gas Pipeline Company; Cobra Pipeline Ltd.; Notice of Baseline Filings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. PR11-98-000; Docket No. PR11-99-000; Not Consolidated] Humble Gas Pipeline Company; Cobra Pipeline Ltd.; Notice of Baseline Filings Take notice that on March 28, 2011, the applicants listed above submitted a...

2011-04-05

106

DUAL ALKALI ACCEPTANCE TEST AT LOUISVILLE GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY; VOLUME III. APPENDICES G-J  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of the completed acceptance test series run on the dual alkali system serving Louisville Gas and Electric Company's Cane Run Unit 6 boiler. This volume (Volume III) contains raw data gathered by Kenvirons, calculations, and computerized reduced data submi...

107

DUAL ALKALI ACCEPTANCE TEST AT LOUISVILLE GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY; VOLUME II. APPENDICES D-F  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of the completed acceptance test series run on the dual alkali system serving Louisville Gas and Electric Company's Cane Run Unit 6 boiler. This volume (Volume II) contains a discussion of the analytical and sampling methods, quality assurance, and the ra...

108

Spatially explicit methane emissions from petroleum production and the natural gas system in California.  

PubMed

We present a new, spatially resolved inventory of methane (CH4) emissions based on US-EPA emission factors and publically available activity data for 2010 California petroleum production and natural gas production, processing, transmission, and distribution. Compared to official California bottom-up inventories, our initial estimates are 3 to 7 times higher for the petroleum and natural gas production sectors but similar for the natural gas transmission and distribution sectors. Evidence from published "top-down" atmospheric measurement campaigns within Southern California supports our initial emission estimates from production and processing but indicates emission estimates from transmission and distribution are low by a factor of approximately 2. To provide emission maps with more accurate total emissions we scale the spatially resolved inventory by sector-specific results from a Southern California aircraft measurement campaign to all of California. Assuming uncertainties are determined by the uncertainties estimated in the top-down study, our estimated state total CH4 emissions are 541 144 Gg yr(-1) (as compared with 210.7 Gg yr(-1) in California's current official inventory), where the majority of our reported uncertainty is derived from transmission and distribution. We note uncertainties relative to the mean for a given region are likely larger than that for the State total, emphasizing the need for additional measurements in undersampled regions. PMID:24758763

Jeong, Seongeun; Millstein, Dev; Fischer, Marc L

2014-05-20

109

Assessment of Undiscovered Natural Gas Resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California, 2006  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently completed a new assessment of undiscovered natural gas resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS mean estimates of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources are 534 billion cubic feet of natural gas and 323 thousand barrels of natural gas liquids in the Sacramento Basin Province. Additional undiscovered oil accumulations larger than 0.5 million barrels are considered unlikely.

Scheirer, Allegra Hosford; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Magoon, Leslie B.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Schenk, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

110

Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 85-047-1632, General Telephone and Equipment Company, Carpenteria, California  

SciTech Connect

Environmental and breathing-zone samples were analyzed for methyl-chloroform, benzene, and mineral spirits at General Telephone and Equipment Company, Carpenteria, California in January, 1985. The evaluation was requested by a union local to investigate whether employees working in the switching offices were exposed to excessive concentrations of methyl-chloroform, bank cleaning fluid, or lubricant while cleaning and lubricating mechanical switches. Five workers were interviewed to determine if they experienced any symptoms of overexposure to solvents. All mineral spirits and methyl-chloroform concentrations were below their relevant standards. No benzene was detected. Two workers reported dizziness, headache, or finger numbness about 15 minutes after using methyl-chloroform to clean rotary switches. One worker reported white fingers after using methyl-chloroform. None of the workers were wearing protective equipment or clothing. The author concludes that no overexposure to organic solvents is occurring. The reported symptoms are consistent with solvent exposure, most probably dermal exposure to methyl-chloroform while cleaning rotary switches. Recommendations include providing periodic training in chemical handling and instructing workers on how to use barrier cream when handling methyl-chloroform.

Belanger, P.L.

1985-11-01

111

Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 86-339-1741, EMCO High Voltage Company, Sutter Creek, California  

SciTech Connect

Possible exposure to several chemical substances during the fabrication of power-supply modules was investigated at the EMCO High Voltage Company, Sutter Creek, California, at the request of an employee. Environmental air samples were collected during the coating and developing process and during the epoxy potting operation. Samples were analyzed for chlorobenzene and xylenes; no overexposures were registered. No overexposure was observed to butyl-glycidyl-ether and no detectable levels of epichlorohydrin, cyclohexanone, 2-methoxyethanol, or 2-ethoxyethanol were found. During the pot soldering operation there was a potential for exposure to the fluxing agent, 3% hydrochloric-acid, and the operator had complained of throat and nose irritation. The author recommends that the fabrication operator wear protective gloves during coating and developing of copper boards. Gloves and goggles should be worn when weighing out the sodium-persulfate and when removing panels from the bench top etcher. Local exhaust ventilation with a movable duct should be used during the pot soldering operation.

Belanger, P.L.

1986-10-01

112

Productivity and efficiency of US gas transmission companies: A European regulatory perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

On both sides of the Atlantic, the regulation of gas transmission networks has undergone major changes since the early 1990s. Whereas in the US, the long-standing regime of cost-plus regulation was complemented by increasing pipe-to-pipe competition, most European countries moved towards incentive regulation complemented by market integration. We study the productivity development of a panel of US interstate companies using

Tooraj Jamasb; Michael Pollitt; Thomas Triebs

2008-01-01

113

Early utility experience with wind power generation. Volume 2. Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Solano County project. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report is one of three presenting the results of EPRI Research Project 1590-1, Evaluation of Electric Utility Experience with Wind Power Generation. The objective of this project was to develop an improved understanding of wind power generation, in particular the process a utility must undergo to initiate and carry out a wind turbine project. The primary tasks of RP1590-1 were to document and evaluate the experience of two utilities with megawatt-scale wind turbine installations from project inception to the wind turbine's first rotation. This technical report presents the experiences of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E) with its wind turbine installation at Solano County, California. All documents and reports pertaining to PG and E's experience with wind energy at Solano County were reviewed and excerpts made of the highlights. Gaps in the documentation were filled by talking with appropriate people. Site visits were conducted to monitor current activity. The information obtained was evaluated for its generic relevance and benefit to other utilities. The chronology of steps taken by PG and E in implementing the Solano wind turbine experience and some of the lessons learned are included in the report. In each section, important activities, critical assumptions, and interesting insights which might benefit other utility wind programs are identified.

McCabe, T.; Henry, G.; Tennis, M.; Goldenblatt, M.

1984-01-01

114

Recovery and utilization of methane gas from a sanitary landfill: City of Industry, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and installation of a system to recover and utilize methane gas produced in a completed sanitary landfill is described. A 160-acre landfill, completed in 1967, is located within a larger 500-acre parcel owned and currently under development by the City of Industry, California. The overall development includes two 18-hole championship golf courses, golf clubhouse and service facilities, an

R. P. Stearns; T. D. Wright; M. Brecher

2008-01-01

115

Market structure and exhaustible resources: The case of natural gas and crude oil in California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using a dataset of natural gas and crude oil production in the state of California, evidence shows overextraction incentives among market participants that shared a common pool. Due to these incentives the supply of gas and crude oil extraction tends to become more inelastic as the number of firms in the pool increases. Using an instrumental variables estimation of the supply function, the results show that the common pool externality caused an average overproduction rate of 11% and 4% over the 1977--2001 period, in natural gas and crude oil, respectively. These figures imply 1 year and 4 years of additional production for natural gas and crude oil, respectively.

Czastkiewicz, Carolina

116

75 FR 9404 - Turtle Bayou Gas Storage Company, LLC; Amended Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. PF09-14-000] Turtle Bayou Gas Storage Company, LLC; Amended Notice of Intent...for the Planned Turtle Bayou Natural Gas Storage Project and Request for Comments on Environmental...impacts of the Turtle Bayou Natural Gas Storage Project involving construction and...

2010-03-02

117

77 FR 27048 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...facilities by Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C...An Interstate Natural Gas Facility On My Land...inch-diameter natural gas pipeline, known as Line 254J-200...process is to focus the analysis in the EA on the...

2012-05-08

118

18 CFR 260.2 - FERC Form No. 2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...report for Nonmajor natural gas companies. 260.2...2 Conservation of Power and Water Resources ...APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...717-717w; Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978, 15...3301-3432; Federal Power Act, as amended,...

2010-04-01

119

Discriminant model to predict financial distress in oil and gas companies  

SciTech Connect

The successful-efforts (SE) and full-cost (FC) methods of accounting are both considered generally accepted accounting principles. The use of two generally accepted accounting methods has been a source of controversy because of a perceived lack of comparability between companies using different accounting methods. To bridge the comparability gap, Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 69 (SFAS 69) was issued. SFAS 69 contained several burdensome disclosure requirements with respect to oil and gas reserves. The primary objective was to develop a theoretical model, utilizing discriminant analysis, to predict going-concern audit reports as far as two years in advance for oil and gas companies. A separate model was developed for each accounting method. A secondary objective was to test the usefulness of reserve disclosures. A tertiary objective was to determine which of the two historical costs models is more useful in predicting a going concern audit report. This study concluded that the model developed may be used to provide a degree of evidential matter to an auditor in determining the appropriate audit report for a particular company.

Gordon, G.A.

1988-01-01

120

78 FR 18329 - Gulf South Pipeline Company, LP; Petal Gas Storage, L.L.C.; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Pipeline Company, LP (Gulf South), 9 Greenway Plaza, Suite 2800, Houston, Texas...Gas Storage, L.L.C. (Petal), 9 Greenway Plaza, Suite 2800, Houston, Texas...Boardwalk Pipeline Partners, LP, 9 Greenway Plaza, Houston, Texas 77046, by...

2013-03-26

121

75 FR 75704 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 And 2); Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION [Docket Nos. 50-275-LR; 50-323-LR] Pacific Gas and Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 And 2); Notice of Appointment of Adjudicatory Employee Commissioners: Gregory B....

2010-12-06

122

75 FR 66781 - Habitat Conservation Plan for Pacific Gas & Electric Company's Operation, Maintenance, and Minor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California seablite........................ E Thlaspicalifornicum (=Noccaeafendleri Kneeland Prairie pennycress................ E ssp. californicum). Trifoliumbuckwestiorum................. Santa...

2010-10-29

123

Stationing a U.S. Army Reserve Black Hawk Helicopter Company at Joint Forces Training Base Los Alamitos, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Environmental Assessment (EA) analyzes the potential environmental effects associated with the stationing and operation of a United States (U.S.) Army Reserve (USAR) Black Hawk Company (the Company) at Joint Forces Training Base (JFTB) Los Alamitos (...

C. Howard D. Becker K. Collins M. Collins S. Jackson

2011-01-01

124

SURVEY OF FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION SYSTEMS: CANE RUN STATION, LOUISVILLE GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of a survey of operational flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired utility boilers in the U.S. The FGD systems installed on Units 4, 5, and 6 at the Cane Run Station are described in terms of design and performance. The Cane Run No. 4 FGD sys...

125

77 FR 26539 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Supplemental Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...proposed by El Paso Natural Gas Company (EPNG). The...and operation of certain meter, compressor, and lateral...An Interstate Natural Gas Facility on My Land...to connect the Douglas Meter Station to EPNG's existing...meters with two 8-inch ultrasonic meters to increase...

2012-05-04

126

76 FR 76707 - El Paso Natural Gas Company: Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and operation of certain meter, compressor and lateral...facilities by El Paso Natural Gas Company (EPNG) in Cochise...An Interstate Natural Gas Facility on My Land...to connect the Douglas Meter Station to EPNG's existing...meters with two 8-inch ultrasonic meters to increase...

2011-12-08

127

Observation of CH4 and other Non-CO2 Green House Gas Emissions from California  

SciTech Connect

In 2006, California passed the landmark assembly bill AB-32 to reduce California's emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that contribute to global climate change. AB-32 commits California to reduce total GHG emissions to 1990 levels by 2020, a reduction of 25 percent from current levels. To verify that GHG emission reductions are actually taking place, it will be necessary to measure emissions. We describe atmospheric inverse model estimates of GHG emissions obtained from the California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Measurement (CALGEM) project. In collaboration with NOAA, we are measuring the dominant long-lived GHGs at two tall-towers in central California. Here, we present estimates of CH{sub 4} emissions obtained by statistical comparison of measured and predicted atmospheric mixing ratios. The predicted mixing ratios are calculated using spatially resolved a priori CH{sub 4} emissions and surface footprints, that provide a proportional relationship between the surface emissions and the mixing ratio signal at tower locations. The footprints are computed using the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) coupled to the Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport (STILT) model. Integral to the inverse estimates, we perform a quantitative analysis of errors in atmospheric transport and other factors to provide quantitative uncertainties in estimated emissions. Regressions of modeled and measured mixing ratios suggest that total CH{sub 4} emissions are within 25% of the inventory estimates. A Bayesian source sector analysis obtains posterior scaling factors for CH{sub 4} emissions, indicating that emissions from several of the sources (e.g., landfills, natural gas use, petroleum production, crops, and wetlands) are roughly consistent with inventory estimates, but livestock emissions are significantly higher than the inventory. A Bayesian 'region' analysis is used to identify spatial variations in CH{sub 4} emissions from 13 sub-regions within California. Although, only regions near the tower are significantly constrained by the tower measurements, CH{sub 4} emissions from the south Central Valley appear to be underestimated in a manner consistent with the under-prediction of livestock emissions. Finally, we describe a pseudo-experiment using predicted CH{sub 4} signals to explore the uncertainty reductions that might be obtained if additional measurements were made by a future network of tall-tower stations spread over California. These results show that it should be possible to provide high-accuracy estimates of surface CH{sub 4} emissions for multiple regions as a means to verify future emissions reductions.

Fischer, Marc L.; Zhao, Chuanfeng; Riley, William J.; Andrews, Arlyn C.

2009-01-09

128

Natural disasters and the gas pipeline system. Topical report, August 1994June 1995  

Microsoft Academic Search

Episodic descriptions are provided of the effect of the Loma Prieta earthquake (1989) on the gas pipeline systems of Pacific Gas & Electric Company and the City of Palo Alto and of the Northridge earthquake (1994) on Southern California Gas` pipeline system. The emergency response plans and activities of South Carolina Electric & Gas Company during hurricane Hugo (1989) and

S. Atallah; S. Saxena; S. B. Martin; A. B. Willowby; R. Alger

1996-01-01

129

Subsurface gas offshore of northern California and its link to submarine geomorphology  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The northern California continental margin contains evidence of abundant subsurface gas and numerous seafloor features that suggest a causative link between gas expulsion and geomorphology. Analyses of seismic reflection, sidescan sonar, and high-resolution multibeam bathymetric data show that the occurrence of subbottom gas and the migration processes beneath the shelf differ from those beneath the slope. Subsurface gas, inferred from enhanced reflectors and other geophysical indicators, is spatially variable and related more to total depth and stratigraphy than to underlying structure, with the exception of one band of gas that follows the regional structural trend. Shallow depressions on the seafloor (pockmarks) are used to infer expulsion sites. The largest zone of acoustically impenetrable subsurface gas occurs between water depths of 100 m and 300 m, where expulsion features are rare. The upper slope (water depths 400-600 m) has a high concentration of pockmarks (diameter 10-20 m), in contrast to a near-absence of pockmarks at water depths shallower than 400 m. Of nearly 4000 pockmarks observed on sidescan sonar records, more than 95% are located in water depths deeper than 400 m. Bottom simulating reflectors (BSRs) on some seismic reflection profiles indicate the possible presence of gas hydrate. We find that gas and pore-fluid migration in the offshore Eel River Basin is: (1) correlated to surface morphology; (2) a contributor to seabed roughness; (3) a significant mode of sediment redistribution on the upper slope; and (4) potentially a factor in large slope failures.

Yun, J. W.; Orange, D. L.; Field, M. E.

1999-01-01

130

Public policy issues. A Southern California Gas Company project SAGE report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of solar energy to stretch our supplies of fossil fuels was investigated. Project SAGE (semi-automated ground environment) addresses itself to one application of this goal, solar assistance in central water heating systems for multifamily projects. Public policy issues that affect the rate of adoption of solar energy systems were investigated and policy actions were offered to accelerate the adoption of SAGE and other solar energy systems.

Barbieri, R. H.; Hirsberg, A. S.

1978-01-01

131

Assessment of greenhouse gas mitigation options and costs for California Petroleum Industry facilities: The shape of things to come  

Microsoft Academic Search

The California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 sets a goal for the state to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. In preparation for implementation of a cap and trade program under this Act, Chevron has undertaken a detailed assessment of greenhouse gas mitigation options and costs.Such an assessment is key to making compliance decisions within

Susann Nordrum; Daniel Lieberman; Mary Colombo; Alan Gorski; Charles Webb

2011-01-01

132

Comparative evaluation of the impacts of domestic gas and electric heat pump heating on air pollution in California. Final report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Residential space and water heating accounts for approximately 12% of California's and 15% of the United States, energy consumption. most Of the residential heating is by direct use of natural gas. combustion of natural gas is a contributor to the overall...

A. Ganji

1992-01-01

133

Estimating Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions in 2050 from New Buildings in California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A major contributor to global warming is Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, with carbon dioxide (CO2) as the lead constituent. While the United States has failed to take a leadership role in worldwide efforts to reduce global warming, California has implemented some of the strictest reduction goals in the country. Recent legislation in California requires significant GHG emission reductions in the coming decades to meet state-mandated targets. To better understand the relative contribution of urban growth to these emissions, we applied an Energy and GHG Impacts Calculator (referred to as GHG Calculator) to estimate GHG contributions for two statewide population growth scenarios for the year 2050. Implemented as part of the UPlan urban growth model, the GHG Calculator allows users to predict and compare GHG output from new development. In this paper, two scenarios, differing only in the spatial allocation of housing among zoning categories, are developed and tested for the year 2050 in California. The difference in total GHG emissions between these scenarios was less than 1%. Thus, while smart growth may be desirable for a variety of other reasons, the policy impact of the sprawl footprint per se on fixed-source GHG emissions is likely to be far less than effects from other factors, such as insulation and household energy efficiency. The GHG Calculator allows alternative emission-reducing measures to be tested, including modified energy mixes (e.g. a greater percent of renewable sources and lower carbon-based fuels) and conservation measures. The goal is to approximate 2050 emissions and determine what measures are needed to achieve the 2050 goal set by the Governor of California to help decrease the States overall contribution to global warming.

Beardsley, K.; Thorne, J. H.; Quinn, J. F.

2009-12-01

134

78 FR 49784 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Humboldt Bay Power Plant, Unit 3, Notice of Public Meeting on...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. 50-133; NRC-2013-0187] Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Humboldt Bay Power Plant, Unit 3, Notice of Public Meeting on the...and accept public comments on the Humboldt Bay Power Plant, Unit 3, License Termination Plan....

2013-08-15

135

75 FR 54920 - In the Matter of Pacific Gas & Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Matter of Pacific Gas & Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and...License Nos. DPR-80 and DPR-82 for the Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and...understanding of seismic risks to the Diablo Canyon nuclear power plant....

2010-09-09

136

76 FR 37843 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Unit 1 and 2; Exemption  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...50-275 and 50-323] Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Unit 1 and 2; Exemption 1.0 Background...Nos. DPR-80 and DPR-82, which authorize operation of the Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Unit 1 and 2 (DCPP). The licenses...

2011-06-28

137

76 FR 51969 - New Mexico Gas Company, Inc.; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Mexico Gas Company, Inc.; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline...participate in this rate proceeding must file a motion to intervene or to protest this filing...must file a notice of intervention or motion to intervene, as appropriate. Such...

2011-08-19

138

DUAL ALKALI ACCEPTANCE TEST AT LOUISVILLE GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY; VOLUME I. ACCEPTANCE TEST AND APPENDICES A-C  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of the completed acceptance test series run on the dual alkali system serving Louisville Gas and Electric Company's Cane Run Unit 6 boiler. This volume contains the process description and a discussion of the test results, operating history, and performan...

139

Construction of offshore California's Pitas Point gas pipeline in Santa Barbara Channel  

SciTech Connect

Completed in December 1983, California's Pitas Point 12-in. submarine gas pipeline is designed to ultimately transport 65.5 million SCF/day of sweet natural gas at a maximum operating pressure of 1480 psig and temperature of 100/sup 0/F. The pipeline construction demonstrated several noteworthy features, including installation of a subsea crossing ramp over a foreign pipe bundle, pipestring tow and pull along the centerline of a subsea ramp, installation of a temporary pipe launchway structure to facilitate the pipe pull from the top of a 40-ft bluff, and a pipe shore approach in a casing bored through the bluff. The Pitas Point line was constructed in a manner compatible with the local ecological requirements and with no impact upon fishing and trawling activities in the area.

Mousselli, A.H.; Pospishil, C.

1984-05-07

140

Implications of Meeting Californias Greenhouse Gas Emission Goals in the Electricity Sector in 2050 and at the same time generating the Electricity needed by the State  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The State of California has promulgated strict greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction requirements in Assembly Bill 32 (AB32). AB32 states that by 2020 California GHG emissions will be reduced to 1990 levels, which is 427 MMt-CO2e/yr. The State has also passed Executive Order EO S-3-05, signed by Gov. Schwarzenegger that looks further into the future of GHG reduction goals in California. This executive order states that GHG emissions will be reduced to 20 % of 1990 levels by 2050, or to 85 MMt-CO2 e/yr. While not a legal regulatory requirement, meeting this stricter goal with much larger GHG emission reductions and at the same time providing for Californias electricity needs, would be a huge challenge. This poster examines potential issues that could arise should the State pursue compliance with this executive order. In this poster two GHG emission trajectories for California are developed. The trajectories are projected GHG emissions by sector from present to 2050. One trajectory shows the business-as-usual scenario, while the second trajectory attains the desired GHG emission rates that would be in compliance with EO S-3-05. While projections for all sectors are made, the focus of the poster is on the electrical energy sector. Todays electrical energy portfolio is examined, and the associated GHG emissions from this sector are calculated from carbon emission factors. An important finding is that the emission factors for renewable sources of energy, while small, are not exactly zero, so that as the use of renewable energy sources grow, so do the CO2 emissions. As will be shown in the poster, these emissions are not trivial when compared to the goals of EO S-3-05. Then a 2050 energy portfolio for California is developed. Such a portfolio is not unique, and the strategy behind the particular portfolio developed is presented. Once the portfolio has been developed, issues associated with its attainment are identified and discussed. An example is the need for carbon capture and storage at high percentages for natural gas fired power plants to remain a viable source of electrical energy production in California.

Mills, W. B.

2009-12-01

141

Public health assessment for McCormick and Baxter Creosoting Company, Stockton, San Joaquin County, California, Region 9. Cerclis No. CAD009106527. Final report  

SciTech Connect

In February 1992, the United State Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) proposed that the McCormick and Baster Creosoting Company in Stockton, California be listed on the National Priorities List (NPL) because of contamination resulting from a wood preserving plant that operated there from 1942 until 1990. Chemicals used in the preservative solutions included creosote, pentachlorophenol, arsenic, copper, and chromium. Contamination has been detected in the on-site surface soil, subsurface soil, on-site air when the site was in operation, nearby off-site surface, soil, on-sit groundwater, off-site groundwater to a small extent, and perhaps in the fish living in the Old Mormon Slough, New Mormon Slough, and the Port of Stockton.

NONE

1995-04-06

142

The True Cost of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Analysis of 1,000 Global Companies  

PubMed Central

This study elucidated the shadow price of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for 1,024 international companies worldwide that were surveyed from 15 industries in 37 major countries. Our results indicate that the shadow price of GHG at the firm level is much higher than indicated in previous studies. The higher shadow price was found in this study as a result of the use of Scope 3 GHG emissions data. The results of this research indicate that a firm would carry a high cost of GHG emissions if Scope 3 GHG emissions were the focus of the discussion of corporate social responsibility. In addition, such shadow prices were determined to differ substantially among countries, among sectors, and within sectors. Although a number of studies have calculated the shadow price of GHG emissions, these studies have employed country-level or industry-level data or a small sample of firm-level data in one country. This new data from a worldwide firm analysis of the shadow price of GHG emissions can play an important role in developing climate policy and promoting sustainable development.

Ishinabe, Nagisa; Fujii, Hidemichi; Managi, Shunsuke

2013-01-01

143

The true cost of greenhouse gas emissions: analysis of 1,000 global companies.  

PubMed

This study elucidated the shadow price of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for 1,024 international companies worldwide that were surveyed from 15 industries in 37 major countries. Our results indicate that the shadow price of GHG at the firm level is much higher than indicated in previous studies. The higher shadow price was found in this study as a result of the use of Scope 3 GHG emissions data. The results of this research indicate that a firm would carry a high cost of GHG emissions if Scope 3 GHG emissions were the focus of the discussion of corporate social responsibility. In addition, such shadow prices were determined to differ substantially among countries, among sectors, and within sectors. Although a number of studies have calculated the shadow price of GHG emissions, these studies have employed country-level or industry-level data or a small sample of firm-level data in one country. This new data from a worldwide firm analysis of the shadow price of GHG emissions can play an important role in developing climate policy and promoting sustainable development. PMID:24265710

Ishinabe, Nagisa; Fujii, Hidemichi; Managi, Shunsuke

2013-01-01

144

The Potential for California Agricultural Crop Soils to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Climate change predictions for California indicate that agriculture will need to substantially adapt to reduced water availability, changing crops, and changes in temperatures, in order to sustain the level and diversity of crop production in California. California legislators recently passed the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 (AB 32) that requires all industries to reduce the three major greenhouse

Emma C. Suddick; Kate M. Scow; William R. Horwath; Louise E. Jackson; David R. Smart; Jeffery Mitchell; Johan Six

2010-01-01

145

Carbon dioxide and helium emissions from a reservoir of magmatic gas beneath Mammoth Mountain, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Carbon dioxide and helium with isotopic compositions indicative of a magmatic source (??13C = -4.5 to -5???, 3He/4He = 4.5 to 6.7 RA) are discharging at anomalous rates from Mammoth Mountain, on the southwestern rim of the Long Valley caldera in eastern California. The gas is released mainly as diffuse emissions from normal-temperature soils, but some gas issues from steam vents or leaves the mountain dissolved in cold groundwater. The rate of gas discharge increased significantly in 1989 following a 6-month period of persistent earthquake swarms and associated strain and ground deformation that has been attributed to dike emplacement beneath the mountain. An increase in the magmatic component of helium discharging in a steam vent on the north side of Mammoth Mountain, which also began in 1989, has persisted until the present time. Anomalous CO2 discharge from soils first occurred during the winter of 1990 and was followed by observations of several areas of tree kill and/or heavier than normal needlecast the following summer. Subsequent measurements have confirmed that the tree kills are associated with CO2 concentrations of 30-90% in soil gas and gas flow rates of up to 31,000 g m-2 d-1 at the soil surface. Each of the tree-kill areas and one area of CO2 discharge above tree line occurs in close proximity to one or more normal faults, which may provide conduits for gas flow from depth. We estimate that the total diffuse CO2 flux from the mountain is approximately 520 t/d, and that 30-50 t/d of CO2 are dissolved in cold groundwater flowing off the flanks of the mountain. Isotopic and chemical analyses of soil and fumarolic gas demonstrate a remarkable homogeneity in composition, suggesting that the CO2 and associated helium and excess nitrogen may be derived from a common gas reservoir whose source is associated with some combination of magmatic degassing and thermal metamorphism of metasedimentary rocks. Furthermore, N2/Ar ratios and nitrogen isotopic values indicate that the Mammoth Mountain gases are derived from sources separate from those that supply gas to the hydrothermal system within the Long Valley caldera. Various data suggest that the Mammoth Mountain gas reservoir is a large, low-temperature cap over an isolated hydrothermal system, that it predates the 1989 intrusion, and that it could remain a source of gas discharge for some time.

Sorey, M. L.; Evans, W. C.; Kennedy, B. M.; Farrar, C. D.; Hainsworth, L. J.; Hausback, B.

1998-01-01

146

Carbon dioxide and helium emissions from a reservoir of magmatic gas beneath Mammoth Mountain, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Carbon dioxide and helium with isotopic compositions indicative of a magmatic source ( ?13C = -4.5 to -5, 3He/ 4He = 4.5 to 6.7 RA) are discharging at anomalous rates from Mammoth Mountain, on the southwestern rim of the Long Valley caldera in eastern California. The gas is released mainly as diffuse emissions from normal-temperature soils, but some gas issues from steam vents or leaves the mountain dissolved in cold groundwater. The rate of gas discharge increased significantly in 1989 following a 6-month period of persistent earthquake swarms and associated strain and ground deformation that has been attributed to dike emplacement beneath the mountain. An increase in the magmatic component of helium discharging in a steam vent on the north side of Mammoth Mountain, which also began in 1989, has persisted until the present time. Anomalous CO2 discharge from soils first occurred during the winter of 1990 and was followed by observations of several areas of tree kill and/or heavier than normal needlecast the following summer. Subsequent measurements have confirmed that the tree kills are associated with CO2 concentrations of 30-90% in soil gas and gas flow rates of up to 31,000 g m-2 d-1 at the soil surface. Each of the tree-kill areas and one area of CO2 discharge above tree line occurs in close proximity to one or more normal faults, which may provide conduits for gas flow from depth. We estimate that the total diffuse CO2 flux from the mountain is approximately 520 t/d, and that 30-50 t/d of CO2 are dissolved in cold groundwater flowing off the flanks of the mountain. Isotopic and chemical analyses of soil and fumarolic gas demonstrate a remarkable homogeneity in composition, suggesting that the CO2 and associated helium and excess nitrogen may be derived from a common gas reservoir whose source is associated with some combination of magmatic degassing and thermal metamorphism of metasedimentary rocks. Furthermore, N2/Ar ratios and nitrogen isotopic values indicate that the Mammoth Mountain gases are derived from sources separate from those that supply gas to the hydrothermal system within the Long Valley caldera. Various data suggest that the Mammoth Mountain gas reservoir is a large, low-temperature cap over an isolated hydrothermal system, that it predates the 1989 intrusion, and that it could remain a source of gas discharge for some time.

Sorey, M. L.; Evans, W. C.; Kennedy, B. M.; Farrar, C. D.; Hainsworth, L. J.; Hausback, B.

1998-07-01

147

Overview of Two Hydrogen Energy Storage Studies: Wind Hydrogen in California and Blending in Natural Gas Pipelines (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides an overview of two NREL energy storage studies: Wind Hydrogen in California: Case Study and Blending Hydrogen Into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues. The presentation summarizes key issues, major model input assumptions, and results.

Melaina, M. W.

2013-05-01

148

Development of the utilization of combustible gas produced in existing sanitary landfills: Effects of corrosion at the Mountain View, California landfill gas-recovery plant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Corrosion of equipment has occurred at the Mountain View, California Landfill Gas Recovery Plant. Corrosion is most severe on compressor valve seats and cages, tubes in the first and second stages of the interstage gas cooler, and first and second stage piping and liquid separators. Corrosion occurs because the raw landfill gas contains water, carbon dioxide, and oxygen. Some corrosion may also result from trace concentrations of organic acids present in the landfill gas. Corrosion of the third stage compressor, cooler, and piping does not occur because the gas is dehydrated immediately prior to the third stage. Controlling corrosion is necessary to maintain the mechanical integrity of the plant and to keep the cost of the gas competitive with natural gas. Attempts to reduce corrosion rates by injecting a chemical inhibitor have proved only partially successful. Recommendations for dealing with corrosion include earlier dehydration of the gas, selection of special alloys in critical locations, chemical inhibition, and regular plant inspections.

1982-10-01

149

Simulating greenhouse gas budgets of four California cropping systems under conventional and alternative management.  

PubMed

Despite the importance of agriculture in California's Central Valley, the potential of alternative management practices to reduce soil greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions has been poorly studied in California. This study aims at (1) calibrating and validating DAYCENT, an ecosystem model, for conventional and alternative cropping systems in California's Central Valley, (2) estimating CO2, N2O, and CH4 soil fluxes from these systems, and (3) quantifying the uncertainty around model predictions induced by variability in the input data. The alternative practices considered were cover cropping, organic practices, and conservation tillage. These practices were compared with conventional agricultural management. The crops considered were beans, corn, cotton, safflower, sunflower, tomato, and wheat. Four field sites, for which at least five years of measured data were available, were used to calibrate and validate the DAYCENT model. The model was able to predict 86-94% of the measured variation in crop yields and 69-87% of the measured variation in soil organic carbon (SOC) contents. A Monte Carlo analysis showed that the predicted variability of SOC contents, crop yields, and N2O fluxes was generally smaller than the measured variability of these parameters, in particular for N2O fluxes. Conservation tillage had the smallest potential to reduce GHG emissions among the alternative practices evaluated, with a significant reduction of the net soil GHG fluxes in two of the three sites of 336 +/- 47 and 550 +/- 123 kg CO2-eq x ha(-1) x yr(-1) (mean +/- SE). Cover cropping had a larger potential, with net soil GHG flux reductions of 752 +/- 10, 1072 +/- 272, and 2201 +/- 82 kg CO2-eq x ha(-1) x yr(-1). Organic practices had the greatest potential for soil GHG flux reduction, with 4577 +/- 272 kg CO2-eq x ha(-1) x yr(-1). Annual differences in weather or management conditions contributed more to the variance in annual GHG emissions than soil variability did. We concluded that the DAYCENT model was successful at predicting GHG emissions of different alternative management systems in California, but that a sound error analysis must accompany the predictions to understand the risks and potentials of GHG mitigation through adoption of alternative practices. PMID:21049871

De Gryze, Steven; Wolf, Adam; Kaffka, Stephen R; Mitchell, Jeff; Rolston, Dennis E; Temple, Steven R; Lee, Juhwan; Six, Johan

2010-10-01

150

Cal Canal Field, California: case history of a tight and abnormally pressured gas condensate reservoir  

SciTech Connect

The Cal Canal Field, situated in the San Joaquin Valley near Bakersfield, California, produces a rich (280 bbl/MMSCF) gas condensate from an average depth of 11,500 feet. The upper Miocene Stevens Sand, the producing formation in the field, is a very tight, abnormally pressured gas condensate reservoir. The average reservoir parameters are 12 percent porosity, .01 to .1 md permeability and a connate water saturation of 59%. The dew point pressure of 5835 psi is 1508 psi below the initial reservoir pressure. The material balance method, corrected for abnormal pressure, indicates an original wet gas-in-place of 103.3 BSCF. Production performance history suggests that the ultimate recovery from the field will be approximately + or - 10% of the original wet GIP. Such a poor recovery could be attributed to retrograde fallout and increasing water saturation in the vicinity of the wellbores. This paper presents an analysis of the reservoir characteristics and a review of its performance to date. The purpose of the study was to investigate the feasibility of improving hydrocarbon recovery from the field.

Engineer, R.

1985-03-01

151

Northern Natural Gas Company's Supplement to its Certificate Application in Docket No. CP70-71 (Construction of a Natural Gas Transmission Line From Sandstone, Minnesota to Border Near Emerson, Manitoba).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Northern Natural Gas Company proposes to construct a 285 mile long 30-inch diameter natural gas transmission line from Sandstone, Minnesota, to the international border near Emerson, Manitoba, together with 45 miles of 16-inch diameter transmission li...

1971-01-01

152

Greenhouse gas emissions from alternative water supply processes in southern California, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Burgeoning population centers and declining hydrological resources have encouraged the development of alternative water treatment systems, including desalination and wastewater recycling. These processes currently provide potable water for millions of people and assist in satisfying agricultural and landscaping irrigation demands. There are a variety of alternative water production methods in place, and while they help to reduce the demands placed on aquifers, during their operation they are also significant sources of greenhouse gases. The environmental advantages of these alternative water production methods need to be carefully weighed against their energy footprints and greenhouse gas emissions profiles. This study measured the greenhouse gas emissions of a wastewater treatment and recycling facility in Orange County, California to get a more complete picture of the carbon footprint of the plant. We measured atmospheric emissions of CO2, CH4, and N2O throughout the water recycling process and at various times of the day and week. This allowed us to assemble a thorough, cross-sectional profile of greenhouse gas emissions from the facility. We then compared the measured emissions of the treatment plant to the modeled emissions of desalination plants in order to assess the relative carbon footprints of the two water production methods. Other water supply alternatives, including regional water importation, were also included in the comparison in order to provide a more complete understanding of the potential greenhouse gas emissions. Finally, we assessed the significance of wastewater treatment as an urban greenhouse gas source when compared to other known emissions in the region. This research offers a valuable tool for sustainable urban and regional development by providing planners with a quantified comparison of the carbon footprints of several water production options.

Schneider, A.; Townsend-Small, A.

2012-12-01

153

Long-range forecast of power demands on the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company system. Volume 2. Documentation manual  

SciTech Connect

Detailed documentation for the econometric forecast of peak and electric power demands for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company is presented. It includes all the historical data used to estimate the various models and the FORTRAN code used for the computer programs employed in generating the forecasts. Computer files containing data and instructions for the statistical package used to estimate the econometric equations are also included.

Estomin, S.L.; Schauer, M.

1985-09-01

154

75 FR 38092 - The Dow Chemical Company; Application for Blanket Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas AGENCY: Office of Fossil Energy...authorization to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) that previously had been...390 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas on a short-term or spot...

2010-07-01

155

78 FR 62012 - Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...d) of natural gas to National Grid's...along its existing pipeline system in Pennsylvania...incremental natural gas supply to National...participate in NEPA analysis. While the conclusions...26-inch-diameter pipeline to deliver natural gas from...

2013-10-11

156

78 FR 33051 - Notification of Proposed Production Activity, The Gas Company, LLC dba Hawai'i Gas, Subzone 9F...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...authority to produce synthetic natural gas, carbon...specific foreign-status materials and components and specific...procedures that apply to synthetic natural gas, carbon...The components and materials sourced from abroad...

2013-06-03

157

Environmental consequences of postulated plutonium releases from General Electric Company Vallecitos Nuclear Center, Vallecitos, California, as a result of severe natural phenomena  

SciTech Connect

Potential environmental consequences in terms of radiation dose to people are presented for postulated plutonium releases caused by severe natural phenomena at the General Electric Company Vallecitos Nuclear Center, Vallecitos, California. The severe natural phenomena considered are earthquakes, tornadoes, and high straight-line winds. Maximum plutonium deposition values are given for significant locations around the site. All important potential exposure pathways are examined. The most likely 50-year committed dose equivalents are given for the maximum-exposed individual and the population within a 50-mile radius of the plant. The maximum plutonium deposition values likely to occur offsite are also given. The most likely calculated 50-year collective committed dose equivalents are all much lower than the collective dose equivalent expected from 50 years of exposure to natural background radiation and medical x-rays. The most likely maximum residual plutonium contamination estimated to be deposited offsite following the earthquakes, and the 180-mph and 230-mph tornadoes are above the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) proposed guideline for plutonium in the general environment of 0.2 ..mu..Ci/m/sup 2/. The deposition values following the 135-mph tornado are below the EPA proposed guidelines.

Jamison, J.D.; Watson, E.C.

1980-11-01

158

Forecasted electric power demands for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company. Volume 1 and Volume 2. Documentation manual  

SciTech Connect

The two-volume report presents the results of an econometric forecast of peak load and electric power demand for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BG E) through the year 2009. Separate energy sales models were estimated for residential sales in Baltimore City, residential sales in the BG E service area excluding Baltimore City, commercial sales, industrial sales, streetlighting sales, and Company use plus losses. Econometric equations were also estimated for electric space heating and air conditioning saturation in Baltimore City and in the remainder of the BG E service territory. In addition to the energy sales models and the electric space conditioning saturation models, econometric models of summer and winter peak demand on the BG E system were estimated.

Estomin, S.L.; Beach, J.E.; Goldsmith, J.V.

1991-05-01

159

77 FR 24191 - CenterPoint Energy Gas Transmission Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...application pursuant to section 7 of the Natural Gas Act (NGA), as amended, to abandon and...auxiliary facilities. CEGT states that natural gas currently flows through Line B and is compressed at the Tate Island compressor station...

2012-04-23

160

76 FR 79673 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...section 7(c) of the Natural Gas Act (NGA), as...certain pipeline and compressor facilities to be...at four existing compressor stations, all located in northern Pennsylvania. These...MMcf/d of firm natural gas transportation...

2011-12-22

161

77 FR 55208 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...provide additional natural gas transportation...southern Virginia and northern North Carolina...dt/day) of natural gas transportation...300-megawatt power station in Brunswick County...Virginia; One new compressor station in...

2012-09-07

162

Discriminant model to predict financial distress in oil and gas companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The successful-efforts (SE) and full-cost (FC) methods of accounting are both considered generally accepted accounting principles. The use of two generally accepted accounting methods has been a source of controversy because of a perceived lack of comparability between companies using different accounting methods. To bridge the comparability gap, Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 69 (SFAS 69) was issued. SFAS

1988-01-01

163

California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles (Update) (released in AEO2006)  

EIA Publications

The state of California was given authority under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90) to set emissions standards for light-duty vehicles that exceed federal standards. In addition, other states that do not comply with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) set by the Environmental Protection Agency under CAAA90 were given the option to adopt Californias light-duty vehicle emissions standards in order to achieve air quality compliance. CAAA90 specifically identifies hydrocarbon, carbon monoxide, and NOx as vehicle-related air pollutants that can be regulated. California has led the nation in developing stricter vehicle emissions standards, and other states have adopted the California standards.

Information Center

2006-02-01

164

A brief history of oil and gas exploration in the southern San Joaquin Valley of California: Chapter 3 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Golden State got its nickname from the Sierra Nevada gold that lured so many miners and settlers to the West, but California has earned much more wealth from so-called black gold than from metallic gold. The San Joaquin Valley has been the principal source for most of the petroleum produced in the State during the past 145 years. In attempting to assess future additions to petroleum reserves in a mature province such as the San Joaquin Basin, it helps to be mindful of the history of resource development. In this chapter we present a brief overview of the long and colorful history of petroleum exploration and development in the San Joaquin Valley. This chapter relies heavily upon the work of William Rintoul, who wrote extensively on the history of oil and gas exploration in California and especially in the San Joaquin Valley. No report on the history of oil and gas exploration in the San Joaquin Valley would be possible without heavily referencing his publications. We also made use of publications by Susan Hodgson and a U.S. Geological Survey Web site, Natural Oil and Gas Seeps in California (http://seeps.wr.usgs.gov/seeps/index.html), for much of the material describing the use of petroleum by Native Americans in the San Joaquin Valley. Finally, we wish to acknowledge the contribution of Don Arnot, who manages the photograph collection at the West Kern Oil Museum in Taft, California. The collection consists of more than 10,000 photographs that have been scanned and preserved in digital form on CD-ROM. Many of the historical photographs used in this paper are from that collection. Finally, to clarify our terminology, we use the term San Joaquin Valley when we refer to the geographical or topographical feature and the term San Joaquin Basin when we refer to geological province and the rocks therein.

Takahashi, Kenneth I.; Gautier, Donald L.

2007-01-01

165

Summary of Energy Services Companies Summary of Responses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In June 2004, the California Energy Commission conducted a survey of the Energy Services Companies doing business in California. An Energy Services Company (ESCO) is a firm that can identify and oversee the installation of energy saving projects in their ...

2005-01-01

166

Public Support for Oil and Gas Drilling in California's Forests and Parks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Offshore oil drilling has been controversial in California for decades. Oil drilling in national forests has never received the same kind of attention, but because of the Bush administration's decision to increase oil development in the national forests, attention is likely to increase. This paper examines public opinion regarding oil drilling in California's forests. We find that attitudes toward drilling

Eric R. A. N. Smith; Juliet Carlisle; Kristy Michaud

167

Pipeline Accident Report - Gas Service Company, Inc. Explosion and Fire, London, Kentucky, January 16, 1979.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At 9:30 p.m. e.s.t., on Tuesday, January 16, 1979, natural gas which had escaped from a large corrosion hole in a 7-inch steel gas main and had accumulated in several buildings in a downtown business section of London, Kentucky, exploded and then burned. ...

1979-01-01

168

Pipeline Accident Report - Atlanta Gas Light Company, Atlanta, Georgia, August 31, 1972.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes and analyzes a gas explosion which occurred shortly after 9 a.m. on August 31, 1972 in the annex building of an Atlanta, Ga., high school. Gas had leaked into the building from a cracked cast-iron main located beneath the street in fr...

1973-01-01

169

Common and Fundamental Factors in Stock Returns of Canadian Oil and Gas Companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we assess the determinants of Canadian oil and gas stocks returns. We find that the stock return of Canadian energy stock is positively associated with returns on the Canadian stock market, appreciations of crude oil and natural gas prices, growth in internal cash flows and proven reserves, and negatively with interest rates. Surprisingly, however, production volume and

M. Martin Boyer; Didier Filion

2004-01-01

170

Enhancing the use of coals by gas reburning-sorbent injection: Volume 3 -- Gas reburning-sorbent injection at Edwards Unit 1, Central Illinois Light Company. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Design work has been completed for a Gas Reburning-Sorbent Injection (GR-SI) system to reduce emissions of NO{sub x} and SO{sub 2} from a wall fired unit at Central Illinois Light Company`s Edwards Station Unit 1, located in Bartonville, Illinois. The goal of the project was to reduce emissions of NO{sub x} by 60%, from the as found baseline of 0.98 lb/MBtu and to reduce emissions of SO{sub 2} by 50%. Since the unit currently fires a blend of high sulfur Illinois coal and low sulfur Kentucky coal to meet an SO{sub 2} limit of 1.8 lb/MBtu, the goal at this site was amended to meeting this limit while increasing the fraction of high sulfur coal to 57% from the current 15% level. GR-SI requires injection of natural gas into the furnace at the level of the top burner row, creating a fuel-rich zone in which NO{sub x} formed in the coal zone is reduced to N{sub 2}. Recycled flue gas is used to increase the reburning fuel jet momentum, resulting in enhanced mixing. Recycled flue gas is also used to cool the top row of burners which would not be in service during GR operation. Dry hydrated lime sorbent is injected into the upper furnace to react with SO{sub 2}, forming solid CaSO{sub 4} and CaSO{sub 3}, which are collected by the ESP. The system was designed to inject sorbent at a rate corresponding to a calcium (sorbent) to sulfur (coal) molar ratio of 2.0. The SI system design was optimized with respect to gas temperature, injection air flow rate, and sorbent dispersion. Sorbent injection air flow is equal to 3% of the combustion air. The design includes modifications of the ESP, sootblowing, and ash handling systems.

NONE

1996-03-01

171

Indoor Radon Gas Management For Multi-Site Companies: How To Screen For Potentially High-Risk Sites By Studying The Local Geology  

SciTech Connect

In this article, ENSR presents an evaluation tool for Radon gas monitoring programs that companies with large portfolios of properties will find useful in reducing their efforts and expenditures. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers Radon gas the second cause of lung cancer and the first source of natural radiations affecting the human population. In Italy, Legal Decree No. 230 (0/17/95) is the laws that regulate gas Radon concentrations in work places. Hereunder we present the ENSR approach to executing preliminary geologic studies aimed at planning an instrumental monitoring program for companies.

Ruggeri, Rudi; Gigliuto, Andrea; Minnei, Tiziana; Savini, Raffaella [ENSR Italia S.r.l., Via Francesco Ferrucci 17/A, 20145 Milano (Italy)

2008-08-07

172

Market entry mode and competency building of Western oil companies in the Russian up stream oil and gas industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation investigated the market entry and competency building strategies within the context of the Russian oil and gas industry. The study was designed to be of interest to business practitioners and academics given the growing importance of fossil fuel in the energy balance of the global economy and the importance of Russia as a supplier and purchaser in the international market. The study's mixed methodology provides an understanding on the environmental factors that are postulated to impact foreign direct investment flow into Russia and the oil and gas sector. A case study of a fictitiously named Western-Russo oil company was conducted to provide a deep understanding of how capability is viewed by Russian and Western employees and the factors that influences the implementation of a successful competency development program. The case was centered on the development of a Well-Site supervisor group within a Western-Russian oil company. Findings of the study showed that there was no correlation between corruption and foreign direct investment inflow into the Russian economy. The findings also showed that both Russian and Western employees in the oil and gas industry are less focused on nontechnical competency development issues, that Western employees are more orientated towards the bottom-line than Russian employees, and that both groups see operational management as a core competency. In the area of financial management and technology application, there were significant differences in the viewpoint of both groups. Western employees saw a stronger need for financial management and less need for technology application when compared to their Russian counterparts. The results have implications for Western business contemplating entering the Russian oil and gas industry. Western firms need to understand the key drivers that will help them overcome the social and cultural barriers between Western and Russian employees. The role of the company leader is very critical. The vision, passion, and a sense of realism of the person responsible for the market entry strategy will have a significant impact of the future success of the entry.

Stephenson, Paul M.

173

Soil-gas Radon Emanation in Active Hydrothermal Areas at Lassen Volcanic Center, Northern California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Located along the Southern Cascade Range in Northern California, the Lassen Volcanic Center is one of the youngest major Cascade volcanoes. Aside from Mount Saint Helens, Lassen is the only Cascade volcano to erupt in the 20th century. In an effort to assess outgassing in and around Lassen, and to provide information that will contribute to a better understanding of its hydrothermal system, we have conducted detailed soil-gas radon emanation surveys in several active hydrothermal areas, which possess bubbling mud pots, steaming fumaroles, and boiling hot springs. Dozens of measurements have been made in each of these areas, which are then used to create maps that indicate areas of high outgassing. These maps are then employed to assess the degree to which volcanic and other gases are currently being emitted at Lassen, as well as to investigate patterns associated with these emissions. The mean of measurements made in a specific survey area is considered to represent the average radon flux in that area. Individual values exceeding the mean plus one standard deviation are considered to represent anomalously high emanation, while values less than the mean minus one standard deviation represent anomalously low emanation. Based on preliminary analysis of data collected so far, significant outgassing occurs along well-defined, northwest-southeast trending elongate zones in several areas. Values obtained in these zones are as much as three times background radon flux. These zones are believed to contain fractures that act as pathways for migrating gases. The results of studies conducted thus far indicate that further emanation surveys will generate very useful information.

Chan, T.; Ararso, I.; Yanez, F.; Swamy, V.; Brandon, J.; Bartelt, E.; Cuff, K. E.

2004-12-01

174

Assessment of socioeconomic and demographic determinants of electrical energy and gas consumption in California. Volume I. An overview of key determinants: historic patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This volume is one of five covering an assessment of trends in California that are related to the demand for electricity and natural gas. The socio-economic and demographic determinants dealing with natural gas and electricity consumption are shown in Appendix A of this volume. The determinants are demographics (population, households, labor force); economic conditions (personal, business\\/industrial, governmental); urbanization and land

H. S. Becker; K. H. Willson; L. H. Culbertson; F. G. Kropp

1976-01-01

175

76 FR 48833 - El Paso Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...b) of the Natural Gas Act, to abandon, in place, El Paso's El Paso-Douglas Line (Line No. 1004) in Dona Ana and Luna Counties, New Mexico. Specifically, El Paso proposes to abandon approximately 34.2 miles of 12.75-inch diameter...

2011-08-09

176

Evaluation of Public Service Electric & Gas Company's standard offer program, Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In May 1993, Public Service Electric and Gas (PSE&G), the largest investor-owned utility in New Jersey, initiated the Standard Offer program, an innovative approach to acquiring demand-side management (DSM) resources. In this program, PSE&G offers longter...

C. A. Goldman M. S. Kito M. M. Moezzi

1995-01-01

177

Arkansas-Louisiana Gas Company, Docket No. CP70-267.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is proposed to construct approximately 298 miles of pipeline across the state of Oklahoma into the state of Texas to attach gas reserves located in the Deep Anadarko Basin. Construction and operation of this project are not expected to have long term d...

1971-01-01

178

Feasibility of direct on-site conversion of landfill gas to electrical energy at Scholl Canyon landfill, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The technical and economic feasibility of direct onsite conversion of landfill gas into electrical energy for distribution through the municipal company's distribution grid is described. The various approaches are evaluated. Each system looked at the preliminary collection system layout, type of processing, and conversion equipment required, conversion efficiencies, total system costs, total energy output per input landfill gas, and overall economic comparisons between alternatives. This led to the selection of the internal combustion engine. The legal constraints on interdepartmental transfers of money and resources, city procedures for coordination between the public works department and public services, procedures for facility operation, and an environmental assessment of each alternative were investigated.

Lofy, R. J.

1981-06-01

179

Enhancing the use of coals by gas reburning-sorbent injection. Volume 3, Gas reburning-sorbent injection at Edwards Unit 1, Central Illinois Light Company  

SciTech Connect

Design work has been completed for a Gas Reburning-Sorbent Injection (GR-SI) system to reduce emissions of NO{sub x}, and SO{sub 2} from a wall fired unit. A GR-SI system was designed for Central Illinois Light Company`s Edwards Station Unit 1, located in Bartonville, Illinois. The unit is rated at 117 MW(e) (net) and is front wall fired with a pulverized bituminous coal blend. The goal of the project was to reduce emissions of NO{sub x} by 60%, from the ``as found`` baseline of 0.98 lb/MBtu (420 mg/MJ), and to reduce emissions of S0{sub 2} by 50%. Since the unit currently fires a blend of high sulfur Illinois coal and low sulfur Kentucky coal to meet an S0{sub 2} limit Of 1.8 lb/MBtu (770 mg/MJ), the goal at this site was amended to meeting this limit while increasing the fraction of high sulfur coal to 57% from the current 15% level. GR-SI requires injection of natural gas into the furnace at the level of the top burner row, creating a fuel-rich zone in which NO{sub x} formed in the coal zone is reduced to N{sub 2}. The design natural gas input corresponds to 18% of the total heat input. Burnout (overfire) air is injected at a higher elevation to burn out fuel combustible matter at a normal excess air level of 18%. Recycled flue gas is used to increase the reburning fuel jet momentum, resulting in enhanced mixing. Recycled flue gas is also used to cool the top row of burners which would not be in service during GR operation. Dry hydrated lime sorbent is injected into the upper furnace to react with S0{sub 2}, forming solid CaSO{sub 4} and CaSO{sub 3}, which are collected by the ESP. The SI system design was optimized with respect to gas temperature, injection air flow rate, and sorbent dispersion. Sorbent injection air flow is equal to 3% of the combustion air. The design includes modifications of the ESP, sootblowing, and ash handling systems.

NONE

1994-10-01

180

Digital tabulation of stratigraphic data from oil and gas wells in Cuyama Valley and surrounding areas, central California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Stratigraphic information from 391 oil and gas exploration wells from Cuyama Valley, California, and surrounding areas are herein compiled in digital form from reports that were released originally in paper form. The Cuyama Basin is located within the southeasternmost part of the Coast Ranges and north of the western Transverse Ranges, west of the San Andreas fault. Knowledge of the location and elevation of stratigraphic tops of formations throughout the basin is a first step toward understanding depositional trends and the structural evolution of the basin through time, and helps in understanding the slip history and partitioning of slip on San Andreas and related faults.

Sweetkind, Donald S.; Bova, Shiera C.; Langenheim, Victoria E.; Shumaker, Lauren E.; Scheirer, Daniel S.

2013-01-01

181

78 FR 51724 - California State Motor Vehicle Pollution Control Standards; Tractor-Trailer Greenhouse Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...haul such trailers on California highways (HD Tractor-Trailer GHG Regulation). By...preemption of the Clean Air Act (CAA), of the HD Tractor-Trailer GHG Regulation pertaining...A) CARB's Waiver Request for its HD Tractor-Trailer GHG Regulation...

2013-08-21

182

Proposed Newbold Island Nuclear Generating Station, Units 1 and 2. Public Service Electric and Gas Company Docket Nos. 50-354 and 50-355.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proposed action is the issuance of a construction permit to the Public Service Electric and Gas Company for the construction of the Newbold Island Nuclear Generating Station Units 1 and 2 (Docket Nos. 50-354 and 50-355) located in the state of New Jer...

1973-01-01

183

Newbold Island Nuclear Generating Station Units 1 and 2, Public Service Electric and Gas Company, Docket Nos. 50-354 and 50-355.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proposed action is the issuance of a construction permit to the Public Service Electric and Gas Company for the construction of the Newbold Island Nuclear Generating Station, Units 1 and 2, located in the State of New Jersey, County of Burlington, in ...

1972-01-01

184

The Proposed Hope Creek Generating Station Numbers 1 and 2 Unit, Public Service Electric and Gas Company, Docket Nos. 50-354 and 50-355.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proposed action is the issuance of a construction permit to the Public Service Electric and Gas Company for the construction of the Hope Creek Generating Station, Numbers 1 and 2 Units (Docket Nos. 50-354 and 50-355) located in the state of New Jersey...

1973-01-01

185

75 FR 39680 - Houston Pipe Line Company LP, Worsham-Steed Gas Storage, L.P., Energy Transfer Fuel, LP, Mid...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PR10-50-000] Houston Pipe Line Company LP, Worsham-Steed Gas Storage, L.P., Energy Transfer Fuel, LP, Mid Continent Market Center, L.L.C., Oasis Pipeline, LP (Not Consolidated); Notice of Baseline Filings July 2, 2010. Take...

2010-07-12

186

Advanced stimulation technology deployment program, Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Company, Eagle Gas Sands, Cedar Creek Anticline, Southeastern Montana. Topical report, August-December 1996  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1996, Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Company (WBI) implemented an AST pilot program to improve production from wells completed in the Eagle formation along the Cedar Creek Anticline in southeastern Montana. Extensive pre- and post-fracture Absolute Open Flow Testing was used to evaluate the benefits of stimulation. Additional, gas production doubled when compared to direct offsets completed in previous years.

T. W. Green; D. M. Zander; M. R. Bessler

1997-01-01

187

[Comparative analysis of occupational health services practice of international companies of oil and gas industry and ILO Convention "Occupational Health Services"].  

PubMed

A comparative analysis of current work practices of occupational health services of international companies of Russian oil & gas industry and provisions of ILO Convention 161 and Recommendation 171 "Occupational Health Services" has been carried out. Proposals for improvement and harmonization of labor legislation related to this problem have been formulated. PMID:24000724

Gevorkian, V; Spiridonov, V L; Shatokhin, A S; kgardt, E V; Avdokhin, A V; Iakovlev, A P

2013-01-01

188

Thermophilic metabolisms from hot spring gas geochemistry: case studies from Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka, Russia, and Lassen Volcanic National Park, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermophilic metabolisms include several pathways that involve dissolved gases as carbon sources, energy sources, and/or waste products. In hot springs, dissolved gas concentrations are often compared with concentrations predicted based upon equilibration with free phase gases bubbling up in the same springs. This comparison guides the inference of metabolic modes in the subsurface, spring vents, and outflow channels. Supersaturation is invoked as a signal of a biogenic source for the gas, while undersaturation is interpreted to indicate microbial consumption. However, these conventional interpretations of disequilibria between dissolved and free phase gases can be misleading. They ignore the decoupling of water and free phase gas transport in terrestrial hot springs and the thermal and pressure gradients that exist as fluids travel from depth to vent. Here we present a model examining the thermodynamic drivers and potential kinetic hindrances to gas exchange and equilibration in continental hot spring systems. We then use this model to interpret our recent measurements on hot spring gases in Lassen Volcanic National Park (LVNP), California, USA (July, 2009), and Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka, Russia (August, 2010). Our data and modeling generally indicate net production of carbon monoxide and net consumption of H2 in the springs we have studied. The methane observations suggest production in some springs and consumption in others. We also examine the thermodynamics of autotrophic pathways involving these reduced gases, and use these measurements and models to provide a geochemical basis for understanding the structure of the microbial communities in these settings.

He, B.; Robb, F.; Colman, A. S.

2010-12-01

189

Cellulosic ethanol from municipal solid waste: a case study of the economic, energy, and greenhouse gas impacts in California.  

PubMed

As cellulosic ethanol technologies advance, states could use the organic content of municipal solid waste as a transportation fuel feedstock and simultaneously reduce externalities associated with waste disposal. We examine the major processes required to support a lignocellulosic (employing enzymatic hydrolysis) municipal solid waste-to-ethanol infrastructure computing cost, energy, and greenhouse gas effects for California. The infrastructure is compared against the Business As Usual case where the state continues to import most of its ethanol needs from the Midwest. Assuming between 60% and 90% practical yields for ethanol production, California could produce between 1.0 and 1.5 billion gallons per year of ethanol from 55% of the 40 million metric tonnes of waste currently sent to landfills annually. The classification of organic wastes and ethanol plant operation represent almost the entire system cost (between $3.5 and $4.5 billion annually) while distribution has negligible cost effects and savings from avoided landfilling is small. Fossil energy consumption from Business As Usual decreases between 82 and 130 PJ largely due to foregone gasoline consumption. The net greenhouse gas impacts are ultimately dependent on how well landfills control their emissions of decomposing organics. Based on the current landfill mix in the state, the cellulosic infrastructure would experience a slight gain in greenhouse gas emissions. However, net emissions can rise if organics diversion releases carbon that would otherwise be flared and sequestered. Emissions would be avoided if landfills are not capable of effectively controlling emissions during periods of active waste decay. There is currently considerable uncertainty surrounding the recovery efficiency of landfill emissions controls. In either case, burying lignin appears to be better than burning lignin because of its decay properties, energy and carbon content We estimate the breakeven price for lignocellulosic ethanol between $2.90 and $3.47/gal (mu = $3.13/gal). PMID:19708339

Chester, Mikhail; Martin, Elliot

2009-07-15

190

Performance Evaluation of a Drilling Project in Oil and Gas Service Company in Indonesia by MACBETH Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Decision-making in a project is a complex undertaking. A project is a temporary organization that is surrounded by inherent uncertainties. Uncertainties that may occur in the project, among others, are the uncertainty of the time, cost, and quality. To overcome this complexity, we need a project performance evaluation. At one of the services the oil and gas in Indonesia, the performance evaluation has been done, but it is done separately and only few criteria are evaluated, so that the overall project performance is still not visible. Therefore it is necessary to evaluate the performance of the company's project with the MCDA (Multi Criteria Decision Analysis) approach using MACBETH (Measuring Attractiveness by a Categorical Based Evaluation Technique) method that can model the elements of the project into a supervisory level group to facilitate decision making by the project manager. These measurements will produce levels of monitoring classification of project element groups, i.e. absolute vigilance, strong attention, close surveillance, and normal monitoring of the project elements. This research finds that the criteria of Effectiveness, Efficiency, Time, Cost, and Complete Reports & Field Tickets require absolute vigilance so that the performance criteria can be increased.

Dachyar, M.; Rhezza Pratama, Novandra

2014-04-01

191

Determining marginal electricity for near-term plug-in and fuel cell vehicle demands in California: Impacts on vehicle greenhouse gas emissions  

Microsoft Academic Search

California has taken steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. One example is the recent adoption of the Low Carbon Fuel Standard, which aims to reduce the carbon intensity of transportation fuels. To effectively implement this and similar policies, it is necessary to understand well-to-wheels emissions associated with distinct vehicle and fuel platforms, including those using electricity.

Ryan McCarthy; Christopher Yang

2010-01-01

192

Use of local greenhouse gas inventories to prioritise opportunities for climate action planning and voluntary mitigation by agricultural stakeholders in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

To meet the mitigation targets set by California's Global Warming Solutions Act there is a need for locally adapted greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory methods and policy principles that help rural communities prioritize opportunities for agricultural GHG mitigation. Here, inventory methods prescribed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and local activity data on agricultural land uses and inputs were used

Van R. Haden; Michael Dempsey; Stephen Wheeler; William Salas; Louise E. Jackson

2012-01-01

193

Energy, the Environment, and the California - Baja California Border Region  

SciTech Connect

The continued development of Baja California as an electricity and natural gas supply source for California is not in the best public interest of the citizens of Baja California or California. Siting power plants in the badly contaminated Imperial County - Mexicali air basin to serve Southern California load center raises serious environmental justice issues on both sides of the border that are not adequately addressed by existing environmental protection regulations.

Powers, Bill

2005-07-01

194

California Climate Change Portal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Global warming and climate change have been a top priority for a number of international organizations, and in recent years, a number of states have also become profoundly concerned about these transformations. Not surprisingly, the state of California has been interested in these subjects for some time, and this website is an initiative of the various agencies working in this area of research. On this site, visitors can learn about various initiatives sponsored by different agencies within the state and also peruse a list of FAQâs on the subject. First-time visitors will want to start at the âBackgroundâ section; they may then proceed to the âPolicy & Programâ area, where they can learn what the state is doing to combat this situation. Some of these programs include a voluntary greenhouse gas emission registry for California companies and a research program to spur environmentally-friendly energy alternatives. Finally, the site also includes a very nice glossary of terms used in discussing global climate change.

195

Alternative Fuel Vehicles: The Case of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles in California Households  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles have been used internationally by fleets and households for decades. The use of CNG vehicles results in less petroleum consumption, and fewer air pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions in most applications. In the United States, the adoption of CNG technology has been slowed by the availability of affordable gasoline and diesel fuel. This study addresses

BRIAN ANTHONY ABBANAT

2001-01-01

196

Surveillance study of health effects associated with cleanup of a hazardous waste site, Ralph Gray Trucking Company (a/k/a Westminster Tract Number 2633), Westminster, Orange County, California, Region 9: CERCLIS number CAD981995947  

SciTech Connect

Excavation of a Superfund site, the Ralph Gray Truncking Company located in Westminster Orange County, California was anticipated to release sulfur dioxide and other chemicals. The California Department of Health Services, under cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, conducted a surveillance study to assess whether illnesses were associated with cleanup activities. A panel primarily composed of more sensitive persons (n = 36) was selected to report daily respiratory symptoms and odors. Exposures included sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) measurements and daily tonnage of waste removed. Analysis used Conditional Likelihood Regression and Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) methods. Levels of SO{sub 2} were generally higher than usual ambient air, at times exceeding levels which can cause health effects among asthmatics in laboratory settings. Wheeze and cough were significantly associated with tonnage of waste removed, especially on days when the highest amounts of waste were removed. Upper respiratory symptoms were found to be associated with SO{sub 2}, and weak relationships were found with nausea and burning nose and SO{sub 2}.

Hoshiko, S.; Underwood, M.C.; Smith, D.; DeLorenze, G.; Neuhaus, J.

1999-04-01

197

Electric Vehicle Charging and the California Power Sector: Evaluating the Effect of Location and Time on Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis explores the implications of the increased adoption of plug-in electric vehicles in California through its effect on the operation of the state's electric grid. The well-to-wheels emissions associated with driving an electric vehicle depend on the resource mix of the electricity grid used to charge the battery. We present a new least-cost dispatch model, EDGE-NET, for the California electricity grid consisting of interconnected sub-regions that encompass the six largest state utilities that can be used to evaluate the impact of growing electric vehicle demand on existing power grid infrastructure system and energy resources. This model considers spatiality and temporal dynamics of energy demand and supply when determining the regional impacts of additional charging profiles on the current electricity network. Model simulation runs for one year show generation and transmission congestion to be reasonable similar to historical data. Model simulation results show that average emissions and system costs associated with electricity generation vary significantly by time of day, season, and location. Marginal cost and emissions also exhibit seasonal and diurnal differences, but show less spatial variation. Sensitivity of demand analysis shows that the relative changes to average emissions and system costs respond asymmetrically to increases and decreases in electricity demand. These results depend on grid mix at the time and the marginal power plant type. In minimizing total system cost, the model will choose to dispatch the lowest-cost resource to meet additional vehicle demand, regardless of location, as long as transmission capacity is available. Location of electric vehicle charging has a small effect on the marginal greenhouse gas emissions associated with additional generation, due to electricity losses in the transmission grid. We use a geographically explicit, charging assessment model for California to develop and compare the effects of two charging profiles. Comparison of these two basic scenarios points to savings in greenhouse gas emissions savings and operational costs from delayed charging of electric vehicles. Vehicle charging simulations confirm that plug-in electric vehicles alone are unlikely to require additional generation or transmission infrastructure. EDGE-NET was successfully benchmarked against historical data for the present grid but additional work is required to expand the model for future scenario evaluation. We discuss how the model might be adapted for high penetrations of variable renewable energy resources, and the use of grid storage. Renewable resources such as wind and solar vary in California vary significantly by time-of-day, season, and location. However, combination of multiple resources from different geographic regions through transmission grid interconnection is expected to help mitigate the impacts of variability. EDGE-NET can evaluate interaction of supply and demand through the existing transmission infrastructure and can identify any critical network bottlenecks or areas for expansion. For this reason, EDGE-NET will be an important tool to evaluate energy policy scenarios.

Sohnen, Julia Meagher

198

Gas and Isotope Geochemistry of 81 Steam Samples from Wells in The Geysers Geothermal Field, Sonoma and Lake Counties, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Geysers geothermal field in northern California, with about 2000-MW electrical capacity, is the largest geothermal field in the world. Despite its importance as a resource and as an example of a vapor-dominated reservoir, very few complete geochemical analyses of the steam have been published (Allen and Day, 1927; Truesdell and others, 1987). This report presents data from 90 steam, gas, and condensate samples from wells in The Geysers geothermal field in northern California. Samples were collected between 1978 and 1991. Well attributes include sampling date, well name, location, total depth, and the wellhead temperature and pressure at which the sample was collected. Geochemical characteristics include the steam/gas ratio, composition of noncondensable gas (relative proportions of CO2, H2S, He, H2, O2, Ar, N2, CH4, and NH3), and isotopic values for deltaD and delta18O of H2O, delta13C of CO2, and delta34S of H2S. The compilation includes 81 analyses from 74 different production wells, 9 isotopic analyses of steam condensate pumped into injection wells, and 5 complete geochemical analyses on gases from surface fumaroles and bubbling pools. Most samples were collected as saturated steam and plot along the liquid-water/steam boiling curve. Steam-togas ratios are highest in the southeastern part of the geothermal field and lowest in the northwest, consistent with other studies. Wells in the Northwest Geysers are also enriched in N2/Ar, CO2 and CH4, deltaD, and delta18O. Well discharges from the Southeast Geysers are high in steam/gas and have isotopic compositions and N2/Ar ratios consistent with recharge by local meteoric waters. Samples from the Central Geysers show characteristics found in both the Southeast and Northwest Geysers. Gas and steam characteristics of well discharges from the Northwest Geysers are consistent with input of components from a high-temperature reservoir containing carbonrich gases derived from the host Franciscan rocks. Throughout the geothermal field, the carbon-isotopic composition of CO2 is consistent with derivation of carbon from Franciscan metasedimentary rocks. NH3 concentrations are high in most Geysers well fluids, and are 2-3 orders of magnitude greater than would be expected in a the gas phase exhibiting homogeneous equilibrium at normal reservoir temperatures and pressures. Evidently, NH3 is flushed from the Franciscan host rocks at a rate that exceeds the reaction rate for NH3 breakdown. Many wells show clear influence by fluids from reinjection wells where steam condensate has been pumped back into the geothermal reservoir. Six wells were resampled over the time period of this study. One of these six wells was strongly affected by a nearby injection well. Three of the six resampled wells showed some signs of decreasing liquid/ steam within the geothermal reservoir, consistent with 'drying out' of the reservoir due to steam withdrawal. However, two wells exhibited little change. Analyses of gases from five surface manifestations (fumaroles and bubbling pools) are roughly similar to the deeper geothermal samples in both chemical and isotopic composition, but are lower in soluble gases that dissolve in groundwater during transit toward the surface.

Lowenstern, Jacob B.; Janik, Cathy J.; Fahlquist, Lynne; Johnson, Linda S.

1999-01-01

199

77 FR 48508 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Kinetica Energy Express, LLC; Notice of Applications and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Company, L.L.C.; Kinetica Energy Express, LLC; Notice of Applications and Offer...that on July 26, 2012, Kinetica Energy Express, LLC (Kinetica), Lyric Center, 440...to Diane S. Dundee, Kinetica Energy Express, LLC, Lyric Center, 440 Louisiana...

2012-08-14

200

Multiwall steel/coaxial gas pipeline laid offshore California to prevent corrosion  

SciTech Connect

ARCO Oil and Gas Co. recently installed a 20,000-ft submarine gas pipeline between seep containment structures in the Santa Barbara Channel and the Ellwood onshore facility. ARCO selected corrosion-resistant materials for the pipeline in view of an anticipated 9% to 11% carbon-dioxide content in the seep-gas stream. The major innovations were: Adapting a multiwall pipe material to standard installation procedures for submarine procedures for submarine pipelines. Featuring a fiberglass reinforced thermoset inner pipe which does not exhibit structural shape change under external pressure and allows the use of the cement as a second defense corrosion-control system. Development of a joining system to economically and efficiently connect multiwall pipe.

Fruck, B.; Patterson, D.R.

1983-08-01

201

Comments on Potential Geologic and Seismic Hazards Affecting Proposed Liquefied Natural Gas Site in Santa Monica Bay, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In a letter to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) dated March 25, 2008, Representative Jane Harman (California 36th district) requested advice on geologic hazards that should be considered in the review of a proposed liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility off the California coast in Santa Monica Bay. In 2004, the USGS responded to a similar request from Representative Lois Capps, regarding two proposed LNG facilities offshore Ventura County, Calif., with a report summarizing potential geologic and seismic hazards (Ross and others, 2004). The proposed LNG Deepwater Port (DWP) facility includes single point moorings (SPMs) and 35 miles of underwater pipelines. The DWP submersible buoys, manifolds, and risers would be situated on the floor of the southern Santa Monica Basin, in 3,000 feet of water, about 23 miles offshore of the Palos Verdes Peninsula. Twin 24-inch diameter pipelines would extend northeastward from the buoys across the basin floor, up the basin slope and across the continental shelf, skirting north around the Santa Monica submarine canyon. Figure 1 provides locations of the project and geologic features. Acronyms are defined in table 1. This facility is being proposed in a region of known geologic hazards that arise from both the potential for strong earthquakes and geologic processes related to sediment transport and accumulation in the offshore environment. The probability of a damaging earthquake (considered here as magnitude 6.5 or greater) in the next 30 years within about 30 miles (50 km) of the proposed pipeline ranges from 16% at the pipeline's offshore end to 48% where it nears land (Petersen, 2008). Earthquakes of this magnitude are capable of producing strong shaking, surface fault offsets, liquefaction phenomena, landslides, underwater turbidity currents and debris flow avalanches, and tsunamis. As part of the DWP license application for the Woodside Natural Gas proposal in Santa Monica Bay (known as the OceanWay Secure Energy Project), Fugro West, Inc., had already prepared a document discussing geologic hazards in the area, titled 'Exhibit B Topic Report 6 - Geological Resources' (Fugro West, Inc., 2007); hereafter, this will be called the 'Geological Resources document'. The USGS agreed to evaluate the information in the Geological Resources document regarding (1) proximity of active faults to the proposed project, (2) potential magnitude of seismic events from nearby faults, (3) thoroughness of the assessment of earthquake hazards in general, (4) potential hazards from ground rupture and strong shaking, (5) potential hazards from tsunamis, and (6) other geologic hazards including landslides and debris flows. Because two new earthquake probability reports were scheduled to be released in mid-April, 2008, by the USGS and the California Geological Survey (CGS), the USGS suggested a 6-month review period to enable a thorough incorporation of this new information. Twenty-seven scientists from the USGS and the CGS reviewed various sections of the Geological Resources document. This report outlines our major conclusions. The appendix is a longer list of comments by these reviewers, grouped by section of the Geological Resources document. Before discussing our reviews, we first provide a brief overview of geologic hazards in the proposed site area. This report is a snapshot in time and any future work in the area will need to take into account ongoing research efforts. For example, USGS scientists collected seismic reflection data in the spring of 2008 to study the structure and seismic potential of several faults in the area. Their interpretations (Conrad and others, 2008a and 2008b) are too preliminary to be included in this report, but their final results, along with other researchers' studies in the project area, should be considered in any future work on the Deepwater Port project.

Ross, Stephanie L.; Lee, Homa J.; Parsons, Tom E.; Beyer, Larry A.; Boore, David M.; Conrad, James E.; Edwards, Brian D.; Fisher, Michael A.; Frankel, Arthur D.; Geist, Eric L.; Hudnut, Kenneth W.; Hough, Susan E.; Kayen, Robert E.; Lorenson, Thomas D.; Luco, Nicolas; McCrory, Patricia A.; McGann, Mary L.; Nathenson, Manuel; Nolan, Michael; Petersen, Mark D.; Ponti, Daniel J.; Powell, Charles L.; Ryan, Holly F.; Tinsley, John C.; Wills, Chris J.; Wong, Florence L.; Xu, Jingping

2008-01-01

202

Gaseous methyl- and inorganic mercury in landfill gas from landfills in Florida, Minnesota, Delaware, and California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Municipal waste landfills contain numerous sources of mercury which could be emitted to the atmosphere. Their generation of methane by anaerobic bacteria suggests that landfills may act as bioreactors for methylated mercury compounds. Since our previous study at a single Florida landfill, gaseous inorganic and methylated mercury species have now been identified and quantified in landfill gas at nine additional municipal landfills in several regions of the US. Total gaseous mercury occurs at concentrations in the ?g m -3 range, while methylated compounds occur at concentrations in the ng m -3 range at all but one of the landfill sites. Dimethylmercury is the predominant methylated species, at concentrations up to 100 ng m -3, while monomethyl mercury was generally lower. Limited measurements near sites where waste is exposed for processing (e.g. working face, transfer areas) suggest that dimethylmercury is released during these activities as well. Although increasing amounts of landfill gas generated in the US are flared (which should thermally decompose the organic mercury to inorganic mercury), unflared landfill gas is a potentially important anthropogenic source of methylated mercury emissions to the atmosphere.

Lindberg, S. E.; Southworth, G.; Prestbo, E. M.; Wallschlger, D.; Bogle, M. A.; Price, J.

203

76 FR 36914 - Astoria Generating Company, L.P., NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC, Oswego...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC,...

2011-06-23

204

76 FR 34692 - Astoria Generating Company, L.P., NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC, Oswego...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC,...

2011-06-14

205

76 FR 36910 - Astoria Generating Company, L.P., NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC, Oswego...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power [[Page 36911

2011-06-23

206

78 FR 14784 - Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

... Offloading station including, LNG...system; fire and gas detection system...property owned by Northern encompasses...project develops. On natural gas facility projects...storage yards, compressor stations, and access...

2013-03-07

207

78 FR 5794 - Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...entitled ``An Interstate Natural Gas Facility On My Land...the Planned Project Northern plans to construct the...dekatherms per day of natural gas: Approximately 6...County, Iowa; Two compressor stations, the Homer...

2013-01-28

208

75 FR 64303 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...per day and would provide access to natural gas supplies in the Marcellus Shale supply area. The project would not, however...involve facilities necessary to produce natural gas from the Marcellus Shale. TGP has signed binding precedent...

2010-10-19

209

75 FR 81602 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...An Interstate Natural Gas Facility on My Land...facilities, including a gas cooler unit, vent silencer...all fueled by natural gas. In order to connect...a total of 380 feet of pipeline: (i) 155 feet of pipeline...process is to focus the analysis in the EA on the...

2010-12-28

210

High-global warming potential F-gas emissions in California: comparison of ambient-based versus inventory-based emission estimates, and implications of refined estimates.  

PubMed

To provide information for greenhouse gas reduction policies, the California Air Resources Board (CARB) inventories annual emissions of high-global-warming potential (GWP) fluorinated gases, the fastest growing sector of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions globally. Baseline 2008 F-gas emissions estimates for selected chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-12), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFC-22), and hydrofluorocarbons (HFC-134a) made with an inventory-based methodology were compared to emissions estimates made by ambient-based measurements. Significant discrepancies were found, with the inventory-based emissions methodology resulting in a systematic 42% under-estimation of CFC-12 emissions from older refrigeration equipment and older vehicles, and a systematic 114% overestimation of emissions for HFC-134a, a refrigerant substitute for phased-out CFCs. Initial, inventory-based estimates for all F-gas emissions had assumed that equipment is no longer in service once it reaches its average lifetime of use. Revised emission estimates using improved models for equipment age at end-of-life, inventories, and leak rates specific to California resulted in F-gas emissions estimates in closer agreement to ambient-based measurements. The discrepancies between inventory-based estimates and ambient-based measurements were reduced from -42% to -6% for CFC-12, and from +114% to +9% for HFC-134a. PMID:24328112

Gallagher, Glenn; Zhan, Tao; Hsu, Ying-Kuang; Gupta, Pamela; Pederson, James; Croes, Bart; Blake, Donald R; Barletta, Barbara; Meinardi, Simone; Ashford, Paul; Vetter, Arnie; Saba, Sabine; Slim, Rayan; Palandre, Lionel; Clodic, Denis; Mathis, Pamela; Wagner, Mark; Forgie, Julia; Dwyer, Harry; Wolf, Katy

2014-01-21

211

Effects of tree height on branch hydraulics, leaf structure and gas exchange in California redwoods.  

PubMed

We examined changes in branch hydraulic, leaf structure and gas exchange properties in coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) trees of different sizes. Leaf-specific hydraulic conductivity (k(L)) increased with height in S. sempervirens but not in S. giganteum, while xylem cavitation resistance increased with height in both species. Despite hydraulic adjustments, leaf mass per unit area (LMA) and leaf carbon isotope ratios (delta(13)C) increased, and maximum mass-based stomatal conductance (g(mass)) and photosynthesis (A(mass)) decreased with height in both species. As a result, both A(mass) and g(mass) were negatively correlated with branch hydraulic properties in S. sempervirens and uncorrelated in S. giganteum. In addition, A(mass) and g(mass) were negatively correlated with LMA in both species, which we attributed to the effects of decreasing leaf internal CO(2) conductance (g(i)). Species-level differences in wood density, LMA and area-based gas exchange capacity constrained other structural and physiological properties, with S. sempervirens exhibiting increased branch water transport efficiency and S. giganteum exhibiting increased leaf-level water-use efficiency with increasing height. Our results reveal different adaptive strategies for the two redwoods that help them compensate for constraints associated with growing taller, and reflect contrasting environmental conditions each species faces in its native habitat. PMID:19210642

Ambrose, Anthony R; Sillett, Stephen C; Dawson, Todd E

2009-07-01

212

78 FR 48203 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Humboldt Bay Power Plant, Unit 3, Notice of Public Meeting on...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Company, Humboldt Bay Power Plant, Unit 3, Notice of Public...on the Humboldt Bay Power Plant (HBPP), Unit 3 License...Storage Installation. Unit 3 decommissioning commenced in May 2009. Following...in conjunction with Unit 3 decommissioning. In accordance with...

2013-08-07

213

Advanced stimulation technology deployment program, Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Company, Eagle Gas Sands, Cedar Creek Anticline, Southeastern Montana. Topical report, August-December 1996  

SciTech Connect

In 1996, Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Company (WBI) implemented an AST pilot program to improve production from wells completed in the Eagle formation along the Cedar Creek Anticline in southeastern Montana. Extensive pre- and post-fracture Absolute Open Flow Testing was used to evaluate the benefits of stimulation. Additional, gas production doubled when compared to direct offsets completed in previous years. This report summarizes the documentation of AST methodologies applied by WBI to an infill drilling program in the Eagle formation along the Cedar Creek Anticline.

Green, T.W.; Zander, D.M.; Bessler, M.R.

1997-02-01

214

Climate of Eureka, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Eureka, California, was established in May 1850, by the Union and Mendocino Companies, and incorporated April 18, 1856. The National Weather Service Office in Eureka is located at 40.48 degrees North latitude, and 124.11 degrees West longitude with a stat...

A. H. Puffer

1998-01-01

215

77 FR 31347 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...30-inch-diameter pipeline and facility modifications...dekatherms of natural gas per day to markets...1\\ A pipeline loop is a segment...participate in the NEPA analysis. The COE intends...30-inch-diameter pipeline in Potter County...bi-directional natural gas flow: Station...

2012-05-25

216

78 FR 33401 - CenterPoint Energy Gas Transmission Company, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of 4-inch-diameter natural gas pipeline (Line BT- 40) lateral extending...of 4-inch-diameter natural gas pipeline (Line BT-41) extending from...scoping process is to focus the analysis in the EA on the important...

2013-06-04

217

Methanogenic calcite, 13C-depleted bivalve shells, and gas hydrate from a mud volcano offshore southern California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Methane and hydrogen sulfide vent from a cold seep above a shallowly buried methane hydrate in a mud volcano located 24 km offshore southern California in?? 800 m of water. Bivalves, authigenic calcite, and methane hydrate were recovered in a 2.1 m piston core. Aragonite shells of two bivalve species are unusually depleted in 13C (to -91??? ??13C), the most 13C-depleted shells of marine macrofauna yet discovered. Carbon isotopes for both living and dead specimens indicate that they used, in part, carbon derived from anaerobically oxidized methane to construct their shells. The ??13C values are highly variable, but most are within the range -12??? to -91???. This variability may be diagnostic for identifying cold-seep-hydrate systems in the geologic record. Authigenic calcite is abundant in the cores down to ???1.5 m subbottom, the top of the methane hydrate. The calcite is depleted in 13C (??13C = -46??? to -58???), indicating that carbon produced by anaerobically oxidized methane is the main source of the calcite. Methane sources include a geologic hydrocarbon reservoir from Miocene source rocks, and biogenic and thermogenic degradation of organic matter in basin sediments. Oxygen isotopes indicate that most calcite formed out of isotopic equilibrium with ambient bottom water, under the influence of gas hydrate dissociation and strong methane flux. High metal content in the mud volcano sediment indicates leaching of basement rocks by fluid circulating along an underlying fault, which also allows for a high flux of fossil methane. ?? 2006 Geological Society of America.

Hein, J. R.; Normark, W. R.; McIntyre, B. R.; Lorenson, T. D.; Powell, II, C. L.

2006-01-01

218

Strategic steps towards the implementation of sustainable energy systems as seen by an oil and gas company.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The publication relates to the implementation of sustainable energy systems by strategy. Main themes discussed are the world's shifting energy picture from 1860 to 1992 and the current European energy and natural gas picture including some future projecti...

G. Myrvang

1998-01-01

219

77 FR 1674 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and pushes through the pipeline for cleaning the pipeline, conducting internal...bi-directional natural gas flow: a. Station...aboveground facilities and the pipeline. Following construction...process is to focus the analysis in the EA on the...

2012-01-11

220

Outer continental shelf oil and gas activities in the Pacific (Southern California) and their onshore impacts: a summary report, May 1980  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) oil and gas exploration and development have been under way in the Pacific (Southern California) Region since 1966. During that time, there have been four Federal lease sales: in 1966, 1968, 1975 (Sale 35), and 1979 (Sale 48). Oil and gas production from three leases has been going on since 1968. It peaked in 1971 and now averages around 31,400 barrels of oil and 15.4 million cubic feet of gas per day. Discoveries on areas leased in the 1968 and 1975 sales have led to plans for eight new platforms to begin production in the early 1980's. Five platforms are in the eastern end of Santa Barbara Channel, one is in the western Channel, and two are in San Pedro Bay, south of Long Beach. Three rigs are doing exploratory drilling in the Region. The most recent estimates by the U.S. Geological Survey of remaining reserves for all identified fields in the Southern California Region are 695 million barrels of oil and 1,575 billion cubic feet of gas (January 1979). The USGS has also made risked estimates of economically recoverable oil and gas resources for all the leased tracts in the Region (March 1980). These risked estimates of economically recoverable resources are 394 billion barrels of oil and 1,295 billion cubic feet of gas. The USGS estimates of undiscovered recoverable resources for the entire Southern California OCS Region (January 1980) are 3,200 million barrels of oil and 3,400 billion cubic feet of gas. Because of the long history of oil and gas production in Southern California from wells onshore and in State waters, there are many existing facilities for the transportation, processing, and refining of oil and gas. Some of the expected new OCS production can be accommodated in these facilities. Four new onshore projects will be required. Two of these are under construction: (1) a 9.6-km (6-mi) onshore oil pipeline (capacity: 60,000 bpd) between Carpinteria (Santa Barbara County) and the existing Mobil-Rincon separation and treatment facility (Ventura County), and (2) a small supply base and dock (upgrade of existing facility) and a 0.4-hectare (1-acre) crude oil distribution facility in Long Beach (Los Angeles County), connected to landfall by a 3-km (1.8-mi) onshore pipeline. The two other facilities are awaiting permit approval: (1) a gas treatment plant at Las Flores Canyon (Santa Barbara County) and (2) a separation and treatment plant at Mandalay Beach (Ventura County) with 4 km (2.5 mi) of onshore pipeline on the same right-of-way from landfall to the plant and from the plant to an existing gas transmission line.

Macpherson, George S.; Bernstein, Janis

1980-01-01

221

Natural gas pipeline technology overview.  

SciTech Connect

The United States relies on natural gas for one-quarter of its energy needs. In 2001 alone, the nation consumed 21.5 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. A large portion of natural gas pipeline capacity within the United States is directed from major production areas in Texas and Louisiana, Wyoming, and other states to markets in the western, eastern, and midwestern regions of the country. In the past 10 years, increasing levels of gas from Canada have also been brought into these markets (EIA 2007). The United States has several major natural gas production basins and an extensive natural gas pipeline network, with almost 95% of U.S. natural gas imports coming from Canada. At present, the gas pipeline infrastructure is more developed between Canada and the United States than between Mexico and the United States. Gas flows from Canada to the United States through several major pipelines feeding U.S. markets in the Midwest, Northeast, Pacific Northwest, and California. Some key examples are the Alliance Pipeline, the Northern Border Pipeline, the Maritimes & Northeast Pipeline, the TransCanada Pipeline System, and Westcoast Energy pipelines. Major connections join Texas and northeastern Mexico, with additional connections to Arizona and between California and Baja California, Mexico (INGAA 2007). Of the natural gas consumed in the United States, 85% is produced domestically. Figure 1.1-1 shows the complex North American natural gas network. The pipeline transmission system--the 'interstate highway' for natural gas--consists of 180,000 miles of high-strength steel pipe varying in diameter, normally between 30 and 36 inches in diameter. The primary function of the transmission pipeline company is to move huge amounts of natural gas thousands of miles from producing regions to local natural gas utility delivery points. These delivery points, called 'city gate stations', are usually owned by distribution companies, although some are owned by transmission companies. Compressor stations at required distances boost the pressure that is lost through friction as the gas moves through the steel pipes (EPA 2000). The natural gas system is generally described in terms of production, processing and purification, transmission and storage, and distribution (NaturalGas.org 2004b). Figure 1.1-2 shows a schematic of the system through transmission. This report focuses on the transmission pipeline, compressor stations, and city gates.

Folga, S. M.; Decision and Information Sciences

2007-11-01

222

Development of water facilities in the Santa Ana River Basin, California, 1810-1968: a compilation of historical notes derived from many sources describing ditch and canal companies, diversions, and water rights  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report traces by text, maps, and photographs, the development of the water supply in the Santa Ana River basin from its beginning in 1810 or 1811 to 1968. The value of the report lies in the fact that interpretation of the hydrologic systems in the basin requires knowledge of the concurrent state of development of the water supply, because that development has progressively altered the local regimen of both surface water and ground water. Most of the information for the earlier years was extracted and condensed from an investigation made by W. H. Hall, California State Engineer during the years 1878-87. Hall's study described irrigation development in southern California from its beginning through 1888. Information for the years following 1888 was obtained from the archives of the numerous water companies and water agencies in the Santa Ana River basin and from the various depositories of courthouse, county, and municipal records. The history of water-resources development in the Santa Ana River basin begins with the introduction of irrigation in the area by the Spanish, who settled in southern California in the latter part, of the 18th century. The first irrigation diversion from the Santa Ana River was made in 1810 or 1811 by Jose Antonio Yorba and Juan Pablo Peralta. Irrigation remained a localized practice during the Mexican-Californian, or rancho, period following the separation of Mexico from Spain in 1821. Rancho grantees principally raised cattle, horses, and sheep and irrigated only small plots of feed grain for their livestock and fruit crops for household use. The breakup of the ranchos through sales to Americans, who were migrating to California in ever-increasing numbers following the acquisition of California by the United States in 1848, marked the beginning of a rapid increase in water use and the beginning of widespread irrigation. Many water companies and water agencies were organized to divert the surface flow of the Santa Ana River and its tributaries for irrigation. The Santa Ana River had been a perennial stream, except in years of extreme drought, from its source in the mountains nearly to the Pacific Ocean. With the great increase in population and the accompanying use of water for irrigation, the river was no longer a perennial stream, and it was necessary to supplement the surface-water supply with ground water. Many wells were dug or drilled in the artesian areas of the upper basin; of those wells many originally flowed, but as ground-water pressures and levels declined, an increasing amount of pumping was required. Conservation measures were taken to store some of the surplus winter runoff for use during low runoff years and during summer periods of heavy demand. Conservation facilities included surface-storage reservoirs and water-spreading grounds or percolation basins for utilization of underground storage. The competition for water in the Santa Ana River basin has been accompanied by frequent litigation over water tights, and over the years these water rights have generally been established by court decree. Although the demand for water still increases, the water demand for agricultural use has declined since the mid-1940's in response to the rapid urbanization of agricultural areas. Since that date the continued expansion of communities has encroached significantly into the agricultural areas causing a decrease in water use for agriculture, a more than compensating increase in water use for municipal purposes, and a rapid change in the ownership of water rights. The urbanization of flood plains made floods potentially more damaging than they previously had been when the flood plains were used for agriculture. In recognition of this increased hazard, flood-control facilities such as reservoirs, debris basins, flood-conveyance channels, and levees have been constructed to reduce potential damage. Most of the construction has occurred since the devastating flood of March 1938. By the mid-1940's it was apparent that the local water supply--both surface and ground water--would be insuff

Scott, M. B.

1977-01-01

223

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 89-318-2273, Peoples Gas Light and Coke Company, Chicago, Illinois.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request from the Gas Workers Union Local 18007, an investigation was undertaken of possible exposure of workers to methyl-ethyl-ketone (78933) (MEK) and 4,4' -dimethylmethane-diisocyanate (101688) (MDI) in compounds used to encapsulate jo...

C. M. Reh B. P. Bernard

1992-01-01

224

75 FR 61461 - Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...in Bradford County, Pennsylvania (the NS2 Compressor Station) with an electric-driven...each about 820 feet long, connecting the NS2 Compressor Station with Tennessee Gas Pipeline...700-foot-long non-jurisdictional powerline to the NS2 Compressor Station; A...

2010-10-05

225

Natural disasters and the gas pipeline system. Topical report, August 1994-June 1995  

SciTech Connect

Episodic descriptions are provided of the effect of the Loma Prieta earthquake (1989) on the gas pipeline systems of Pacific Gas & Electric Company and the City of Palo Alto and of the Northridge earthquake (1994) on Southern California Gas` pipeline system. The emergency response plans and activities of South Carolina Electric & Gas Company during hurricane Hugo (1989) and of City Gas Company of Florida and other small gas companies during hurricane Andrew (1992) are also reviewed. Descriptions of the great Flood of 1993 and its effects on the operations of Iowa-Illinois Gas & Electric Company and Laclede Gas Company and of the San Jacinto River Floods on the transmission lines of Valero Gas Co. are also provided. Local and federal regulatory requirements, and the current practices by the gas industry for dealing with natural disasters, such as through preventive measures (e.g., strapping of water heaters, excess flow valves), and the tracking of weather-related events are described. The important role that preplanning and coordination with the local emergency response bodies and other gas utilities plays during a natural disaster is examined.

Atallah, S.; Saxena, S.; Martin, S.B.; Willowby, A.B.; Alger, R.

1996-11-15

226

Alternative-fueled truck demonstration natural gas program: Caterpillar G3406LE development and demonstration  

SciTech Connect

In 1990, the California Energy Commission, the South Coast Air Quality Management District, and the Southern California Gas Company joined together to sponsor the development and demonstration of compressed natural gas engines for Class 8 heavy-duty line-haul trucking applications. This program became part of an overall Alternative-Fueled Truck Demonstration Program, with the goal of advancing the technological development of alternative-fueled engines. The demonstration showed natural gas to be a technically viable fuel for Class 8 truck engines.

NONE

1995-06-01

227

Vine Water Relations, Gas Exchange, and Vegetative Growth of Seventeen Vitis Species Grown under Irrigated and Nonirrigated Conditions in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

ADDITIONAL INDEX WORDS. grapevines, water potential, photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, drought tolerance ABSTRACT. A comparison was made among 16 native North American Vitis species and Vitis vinifera L. ('Carignane') grown in the San Joaquin Valley of California with or without irrigation over 2 years. Predawn water potential (?PD), predawn leaf osmotic potential (??), midday leaf (?l), and stem water potential (?stem),

M. Padgett-Johnson; L. E. Williams; M. A. Walker

228

Safety Evaluation Report Related to the Operation of Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2, Docket Nos. 50-275 and 50-323, Pacific Gas and Electric Company. Supplement Number 31.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Supplement 31 to the Safety Evaluation Report for the application by Pacific Gas and Electric Company for licenses to operate Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 and 2 (Docket Nos. 50-275/323) has been prepared by the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regu...

1985-01-01

229

Heat-pump-centered Integrated Community Energy Systems: systems development, Consolidated Natural Gas Service Company. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Heat-Actuated Heat Pump Centered Integrated Community Energy System (HAHP-ICES) utilizes a gas-fired, engine-driven, heat pump and commercial buildings, and offers several advantages over the more conventional equipment it is intended to supplant. The general non-site-specific application assumes a hypothetical community of one 59,000 ft/sup 2/ office building and five 24-unit, low-rise apartment buildings located in a region with a climate similar to Chicago. This community serves as a starting point - the base case - upon which various sensitivity analyses are performed and through which the performance characteristics of the HAHP are explored. The results of these analyses provided the selection criteria for the site-specific application of the HAHP-ICES concept to a real-world community. The site-specific community consists of 42 townhouses; five 120-unit, low-rise apartment buildings; five 104-unit high-rise apartment buildings; one 124,000 ft/sup 2/ office building; and a single 135,000 ft/sup 2/ retail building located in Monroeville, Pa. The base-case analyses confirmed that the HAHP-ICES has significant potentials for reducing the primary energy consumption and pollutant emissions associated with space conditioning when compared with a conventional system. Primary energy consumption was reduced by 30%, while emission reductions ranged from 39 to 77%. The results of the site-specific analysis indicate that reductions in energy consumption of between 15 and 22% are possible when a HAHP-ICES is selected as opposed to conventional HVAC equipment.

Baker, N.R.; Donakowski, T.D.; Foster, R.B.; Sala, D.L.; Tison, R.R.; Whaley, T.P.; Yudow, B.D.; Swenson, P.F.

1980-01-01

230

18 CFR 367.14 - Transactions with associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT General Instructions 367.14...

2010-04-01

231

78 FR 70945 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RESERVE SYSTEM Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding...proposal also involves the acquisition of a nonbanking company...also includes whether the acquisition of the nonbanking company...Paso Robles, California; to merge with Mission Community...

2013-11-27

232

78 FR 73190 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Enforcement) 101 Market Street, San Francisco, California 94105-1579: 1. Carpenter Bank Partners, Inc, CCFW, Inc (dba Carpenter & Company), Carpenter Fund Manager GP, LLC, Carpenter Fund Management Company, LLC, Carpenter...

2013-12-05

233

California GAMA Special Study: An isotopic and dissolved gas investigation of nitrate source and transport to a public supply well in California's Central Valley  

SciTech Connect

This study investigates nitrate contamination of a deep municipal drinking water production well in Ripon, CA to demonstrate the utility of natural groundwater tracers in constraining the sources and transport of nitrate to deep aquifers in the Central Valley. The goal of the study was to investigate the origin (source) of elevated nitrate and the potential for the deep aquifer to attenuate anthropogenic nitrate. The site is ideal for such an investigation. The production well is screened from 165-325 feet below ground surface and a number of nearby shallow and deep monitoring wells were available for sampling. Furthermore, potential sources of nitrate contamination to the well had been identified, including a fertilizer supply plant located approximately 1000 feet to the east and local almond groves. A variety of natural isotopic and dissolved gas tracers including {sup 3}H-{sup 3}He groundwater age and the isotopic composition of nitrate are applied to identify nitrate sources and to characterize nitrate transport. An advanced method for sampling production wells is employed to help identify contaminant contributions from specific screen intervals. Nitrate transport: Groundwater nitrate at this field site is not being actively denitrified. Groundwater parameters indicate oxic conditions, the dissolved gas data shows no evidence for excess nitrogen as the result of denitrification, and nitrate-N and -O isotope compositions do not display patterns typical of denitrification. Contaminant nitrate source: The ambient nitrate concentration in shallow groundwater at the Ripon site ({approx}12 mg/L as nitrate) is typical of shallow groundwaters affected by recharge from agricultural and urban areas. Nitrate concentrations in Ripon City Well 12 (50-58 mg/L as nitrate) are significantly higher than these ambient concentrations, indicating an additional source of anthropogenic nitrate is affecting groundwater in the capture zone of this municipal drinking water well. This study provides two new pieces of evidence that the Ripon Farm Services Plant is the source of elevated nitrate in Ripon City Well 12. (1) Chemical mass balance calculations using nitrate concentration, nitrate isotopic composition, and initial tritium activity all indicate that that the source water for elevated nitrate to Ripon City Well 12 is a very small component of the water produced by City Well 12 and thus must have extremely high nitrate concentration. The high source water nitrate concentration ({approx}1500 mg/L as nitrate) required by these mass balance calculations precludes common sources of nitrate such as irrigated agriculture, dairy wastewater, and septic discharge. Shallow groundwater under the Ripon Farm Services RFS plant does contain extremely high concentrations of nitrate (>1700 mg/L as nitrate). (2) Nitrogen and oxygen isotope compositions of nitrate indicate that the additional anthropogenic nitrate source to Ripon City Well 12 is significantly enriched in {delta}{sup 18}O-NO{sub 3}, an isotopic signature consistent with synthetic nitrate fertilizer, and not with human or animal wastewater discharge (i.e. dairy operations, septic system discharge, or municipal wastewater discharge), or with organic fertilizer. Monitoring wells on and near the RFS plant also have high {delta}{sup 18}O-NO{sub 3}, and the plant has handled and stored synthetic nitrate fertilizer that will have this isotopic signature. The results described here highlight the complexity of attributing nitrate found in long screened, high capacity wells to specific sources. In this case, the presence of a very high concentration source near the well site combined with sampling using multiple isotopic tracer techniques and specialized depth-specific techniques allowed fingerprinting of the source in the mixed-age samples drawn from the production well.

Singleton, M J; Moran, J E; Esser, B K; Roberts, S K; Hillegonds, D J

2010-04-14

234

Association among active seafloor deformation, mound formation, and gas hydrate growth and accumulation within the seafloor of the Santa Monica Basin, offshore California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Seafloor blister-like mounds, methane migration and gas hydrate formation were investigated through detailed seafloor surveys in Santa Monica Basin, offshore of Los Angeles, California. Two distinct deep-water (??? 800??m water depth) topographic mounds were surveyed using an autonomous underwater vehicle (carrying a multibeam sonar and a chirp sub-bottom profiler) and one of these was explored with the remotely operated vehicle Tiburon. The mounds are > 10??m high and > 100??m wide dome-shaped bathymetric features. These mounds protrude from crests of broad anticlines (~ 20??m high and 1 to 3??km long) formed within latest Quaternary-aged seafloor sediment associated with compression between lateral offsets in regional faults. No allochthonous sediments were observed on the mounds, except slumped material off the steep slopes of the mounds. Continuous streams of methane gas bubbles emanate from the crest of the northeastern mound, and extensive methane-derived authigenic carbonate pavements and chemosynthetic communities mantle the mound surface. The large local vertical displacements needed to produce these mounds suggests a corresponding net mass accumulation has occurred within the immediate subsurface. Formation and accumulation of pure gas hydrate lenses in the subsurface is proposed as a mechanism to blister the seafloor and form these mounds. ?? 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Paull, C. K.; Normark, W. R.; Ussler, III, W.; Caress, D. W.; Keaten, R.

2008-01-01

235

Age, distribution, and stratigraphic relationship of rock units in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California: Chapter 5 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The San Joaquin Basin is a major petroleum province that forms the southern half of Californias Great Valley, a 700-km-long, asymmetrical basin that originated between a subduction zone to the west and the Sierra Nevada to the east. Sedimentary fill and tectonic structures of the San Joaquin Basin record the Mesozoic through Cenozoic geologic history of North Americas western margin. More than 25,000 feet (>7,500 meters) of sedimentary rocks overlie the basement surface and provide a nearly continuous record of sedimentation over the past ~100 m.y. Further, depositional geometries and fault structures document the tectonic evolution of the region from forearc setting to strike-slip basin to transpressional margin. Sedimentary architecture in the San Joaquin Basin is complicated because of these tectonic regimes and because of lateral changes in depositional environment and temporal changes in relative sea level. Few formations are widespread across the basin. Consequently, a careful analysis of sedimentary facies is required to unravel the basins depositional history on a regional scale. At least three high-quality organic source rocks formed in the San Joaquin Basin during periods of sea level transgression and anoxia. Generated on the basins west side, hydrocarbons migrated into nearly every facies type in the basin, from shelf and submarine fan sands to diatomite and shale to nonmarine coarse-grained rocks to schist. In 2003, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) completed a geologic assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources and future additions to reserves in the San Joaquin Valley of California (USGS San Joaquin Basin Province Assessment Team, this volume, chapter 1). Several research aims supported this assessment: identifying and mapping the petroleum systems, modeling the generation, migration, and accumulation of hydrocarbons, and defining the volumes of rock to be analyzed for additional resources. To better understand the three dimensional relationships between hydrocarbon source and reservoir rocks, we compiled a database consisting of more than 13,000 well picks and of one-mile resolution seismic grids. Both the well picks and the seismic grids characterize the depths to the top of key stratigraphic units. This database formed the basis of subsequent numerical modeling efforts, including the construction of a three- dimensional geologic model (Hosford Scheirer, this volume, chapter 7) and simulation of the petroleum systems in space and time (Peters, Magoon, Lampe, and others, this volume, chapter 12). To accomplish this modeling, we synthesized the age, geographic distribution, lithology, and petroleum characteristics of hydrocarbon source and reservoir rocks in the basin. The results of that synthesis are presented in this paper in the form of new stratigraphic correlation columns for the northern, central, and southern San Joaquin Valley (fig. 5.1; note that all figures are at the back of this report, following the References Cited). The stratigraphic relationships and ages published here draw heavily on published and unpublished studies of the San Joaquin Basin. The stratigraphy presented in each of the columns necessarily idealizes the subsurface geology over a relatively large area, instead of representing the specific geology at an individual well, oil and gas field, or outcrop. In this paper we present the background rationale for defining the geographic divisions of the basin (inset map, fig. 5.1), the paleontological time scales used for assigning absolute ages to rock units (figs. 5.2 and 5.3), and the supporting maps illustrating the geographic distribution of each rock type included in the stratigraphic column (figs. 5.4 through 5.64).

Hosford Scheirer, Allegra; Magoon, Leslie B.

2008-01-01

236

23. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company Office), photographer unknown, ca. 1917. VIEW OF FLUME NO. 3 OF GAGE IRRIGATION CANAL AND NEW 66' REINFORCED CONCRETE PIPELINE - California Citrus Heritage Recording Project, Riverside, Riverside County, CA

237

76 FR 58005 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California, a Cayman limited partnership; Allianz Global Investors of America L.P...California, a Delaware limited partnership; Allianz Global Investors of America LLC, Newport...a Delaware limited liability company; Allianz Global Investors U.S. Holding II...

2011-09-19

238

Measurement of non-enteric emission fluxes of volatile fatty acids from a California dairy by solid phase micro-extraction with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dairies are a major source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in California's San Joaquin Valley; a region that experiences high ozone levels during summer. Short-chain carboxylic acids, or volatile fatty acids (VFAs), are believed to make up a large fraction of VOC emissions from these facilities, although there are few studies to substantiate this. In this work, a method using a flux chamber coupled to solid phase micro-extraction (SPME) fibers followed by analysis using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was developed to quantify emissions of six VFAs (acetic acid, propanoic acid, butanoic acid, pentanoic acid, hexanoic acid and 3-methyl butanoic acid) from non-enteric sources. The technique was then used to quantify VFA fluxes from a small dairy located on the campus of California State University Fresno. Both animal feed and animal waste are found to be major sources of VFAs, with acetic acid contributing 70-90% of emissions from the sources tested. Measured total acid fluxes during spring (with an average temperature of 20 C) were 1.84 0.01, 1.06 0.08, (1.3 0.5) 10 -2, (1.7 0.2) 10 -2 and (1.2 0.5) 10 -2 g m -2 h -1 from silage, total mixed rations, flushing lane, open lot and lagoon sources, respectively. VFA emissions from the sources tested total 390 80 g h -1. The data indicate high fluxes of VFAs from dairy facilities, but differences in the design and operation of dairies in the San Joaquin Valley as well as seasonal variations mean that additional measurements must be made to accurately determine emissions inventories for the region.

Alanis, Phillip; Sorenson, Mark; Beene, Matt; Krauter, Charles; Shamp, Brian; Hasson, Alam S.

239

Greenhouse gas sources in the southern San Joaquin Valley of California derived from Positive Matrix Factorization of CalNex 2010 observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantifying the contributions of methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emission from sources in the southern San Joaquin valley is important for validation of the statewide greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory and subsequent AB32 law (California Global Warming Solutions Act 2006) implementation. The state GHG inventory is largely based on activity data and emission factor based estimates. The "bottom-up" emission factors for CH4 and N2O have large uncertainties and there is a lack of adequate "top-down" measurements to characterize emission rates from sources. Emissions from non-CO2 GHG sources display spatial heterogeneity and temporal variability, and are thus, often, poorly characterized. The Central Valley of California is an agriculture and industry intensive region with large concentration of dairies, refineries and active oil fields which are known CH4 sources while agricultural soil management and vehicular combustion are known sources of N2O. In summer of 2010, GHG sources in the southern San Joaquin valley were investigated as part of the CalNex (California at the Nexus of Air Quality and Climate Change) campaign. Measurements of GHG gases (CO2, CH4, and N2O) and the combustion tracer CO were performed at the Bakersfield super-site over a period of six weeks using fast response lasers based on cavity enhanced absorption spectroscopy (LGR Inc. CA). Coincident measurements of hundreds of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) served as anthropogenic and biogenic tracers of the GHG sources at local and regional levels. We present the results of Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) analysis applied to the GHGs, CO, and 60 VOCs to define dominant source emission profiles. Seven source factors were identified and used to attribute the contribution of regional sources to enhancements above the background. Dairy operations were found to be the largest CH4 source in the region with approximately 80% of the regional emissions attributed to the 'dairy' factor. Factors dominated by 'vehicular combustion' and 'evaporative emissions' had negligible contributions to regional CH4 or N2O emissions. We identified an 'agricultural emissions' factor as the dominant regional source of N2O. Emission Factors of GHG enhancements with respect to specific source tracers are derived from the PMF analysis and compared to emission factors from prior source-specific and regional field studies (e.g. Shaw et al., 2007; Bon et al., 2006; CABERNET 2011) to gain a better understanding of GHG source contributions in the southern San Joaquin valley.

Guha, A.; Gentner, D. R.; Weber, R.; Baer, D. S.; Gardner, A.; Provencal, R. A.; Goldstein, A. H.

2012-12-01

240

Dry Gas Zone, Elk Hills Field, Kern County, California: General reservoir study: Geologic text and tables: Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Dry Gas Zone was defined by US Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 Engineering Committee (1957) as ''/hor ellipsis/all sands bearing dry gas above the top of the Lower Scalez marker bed. The term is used to include the stratigraphic interval between the Scalez Sand Zone and the Tulare Formation - the Mya Sand Zone. The reservoirs in this upper zone are thin, lenticular, loosely cemented sandstones with relatively high permeabilities.'' Other than the limited Tulare production in the western part of the field, the Dry Gas Zone is the shallowest productive zone in the Elk Hills Reserve and is not included in the Shallow Oil Zone. It is Pliocene in age and makes up approximately eighty percent of the San Joaquin Formation as is summarized in Exhibit TL-1. The lithologic character of the zone is one of interbedded shales and siltstones with intermittent beds of various thickness sands. The stratigraphic thickness of the Dry Gas Zone ranges from 950 to 1150 feet with a general thickening along the flanks and thinning over the crests of the anticlines. The productive part of the Dry Gas Zone covers portions of 30 sections in an area roughly 10 miles long by 4 miles wide. 4 refs.

Not Available

1988-06-29

241

Characterization of PM 2.5 and selected gas-phase compounds at multiple indoor and outdoor sites in Mira Loma, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) and gas-phase carbonyls are categories of atmospheric pollutants that have components known to adversely affect human health. This work describes the chemical characterization of PM 2.5 and 13 carbonyl compounds measured inside 20 residences and 7 schoolrooms in Mira Loma, western Riverside County, California. Median PM 2.5 concentrations were 32.2 and 13.2 ?g m -3, while median total carbonyl concentrations were 50.8 and 62.9 ?g m -3 inside the residences and schoolrooms, respectively. Organic carbon was typically the largest contributor to indoor PM 2.5 concentrations, while formaldehyde, acetaldehyde and acetone were the largest contributors to gas-phase carbonyl concentrations. Indoor/outdoor ratios for PM 2.5 were greater for residences than for schoolrooms, while the reverse was true for these ratios for gas-phase carbonyls. These results are likely due to effective PM 2.5 removal by filtration on the HVAC and the presence of more significant indoor carbonyl sources within the schoolrooms. Regression analysis of indoor and outdoor pollutant concentrations showed that for PM 2.5, sulfate and nitrate were the best- and worst-correlated species, respectively. This suggests that nitrate is a poor tracer for outdoor-to-indoor PM 2.5 transfer. In addition, no significant correlations were observed for any of the carbonyl compounds measured. This further suggests the presence of indoor carbonyl sources inside the schoolrooms, and that indoor air quality especially in terms of carbonyl concentrations may be substantially poorer than outdoor air quality.

Sawant, Aniket A.; Na, Kwangsam; Zhu, Xiaona; Cocker, Kathalena; Butt, Sheraz; Song, Chen; Cocker, David R.

242

78 FR 11638 - Michigan Consolidated Gas Company, DTE Gas Company, DTE Gas Company; Notice of Petition  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

[Federal Register Volume 78...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory...Operating Conditions (SOC) for services pursuant...to revise its new SOC to reflect the recent...intervention to the Federal Energy...

2013-02-19

243

Advanced Stimulation Technology Deployment Program, Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Company, Eagle Gas Sands, Cedar Creek Anticline, Southeastern Montana. Topical Report, August-December 1996.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1996, Williston Basin Interstate Pipeline Company (WBI) implemented an AST pilot program to improve production from wells completed in the Eagle formation along the Cedar Creek Anticline in southeastern Montana. Extensive pre- and post-fracture Absolut...

T. W. Green D. M. Zander M. R. Bessler

1997-01-01

244

California Condor  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

California condors are one of the most endangered birds in North America. In the early 1990s, captive-bred condors were reintroduced into the wild in California. As of January 2010, about 190 condors now live in the wild and more reintroductions are being considered. To facilitate this, USGS researc...

2010-02-24

245

California Fires  

article title: Smoke from Station Fire Blankets Southern California ... growth of wildfires throughout southern California. The Station fire began August 26, 2009, in La Canada/Flintridge, not far from ... D.C. The Terra spacecraft is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. The MISR data were obtained from the NASA ...

2013-04-18

246

California Wildflowers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Academy of Sciences's (CAS) Botany Department hosts this interesting and beautiful site on California's wildflowers. Spectacular color photographs of over 125 species of wildflowers serve as illustrations to this electronic field guide. Users may browse species by flower color (white through brown), common name (Alpine Lily to Yerba Mansa), latin name (Achillea millefolium to Zigadenus fremontii), or family name (Alismataceae through Violaceae). Additionally, floristic regions are provided in a color-coded map of California. For each species, the taxonomic identity (common, Latin, and family names), a description, photographs, and distribution information are provided. Educators and students of botany will find this site particularly useful; others will want to go see California in bloom.

247

Transmission Company at the Cross-Roads.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This presentation discusses the role of the gas transmission companies. Gas pipelines are usually tailor-made for a specified gas flow and a specified point of delivery and cannot be used cost-effectively for other purposes. This means that producer and i...

C. Heinrich

1998-01-01

248

43. April 28, 1939 Oakland, California View of propellers and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

43. April 28, 1939 Oakland, California View of propellers and underside of hull on marine railway at the Moore Dry Dock Company. - U.S. Coast Guard Cutter FIR, Puget Sound Area, Seattle, King County, WA

249

A FIRST LOOK AT THE AURIGA-CALIFORNIA GIANT MOLECULAR CLOUD WITH HERSCHEL AND THE CSO: CENSUS OF THE YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS AND THE DENSE GAS  

SciTech Connect

We have mapped the Auriga/California molecular cloud with the Herschel PACS and SPIRE cameras and the Bolocam 1.1 mm camera on the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory with the eventual goal of quantifying the star formation and cloud structure in this giant molecular cloud (GMC) that is comparable in size and mass to the Orion GMC, but which appears to be forming far fewer stars. We have tabulated 60 compact 70/160 {mu}m sources that are likely pre-main-sequence objects and correlated those with Spitzer and WISE mid-IR sources. At 1.1 mm, we find 18 cold, compact sources and discuss their properties. The most important result from this part of our study is that we find a modest number of additional compact young objects beyond those identified at shorter wavelengths with Spitzer. We also describe the dust column density and temperature structure derived from our photometric maps. The column density peaks at a few Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 22} cm{sup -2} (N {sub H2}) and is distributed in a clear filamentary structure along which nearly all of the pre-main-sequence objects are found. We compare the young stellar object surface density to the gas column density and find a strong nonlinear correlation between them. The dust temperature in the densest parts of the filaments drops to {approx}10 K from values {approx}14-15 K in the low-density parts of the cloud. We also derive the cumulative mass fraction and probability density function of material in the cloud, which we compare with similar data on other star-forming clouds.

Harvey, Paul M. [Astronomy Department, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C1400, Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States)] [Astronomy Department, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station C1400, Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States); Fallscheer, Cassandra [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC V8P 5C2 (Canada)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, 3800 Finnerty Road, Victoria, BC V8P 5C2 (Canada); Ginsburg, Adam [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, 389 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309-0389 (United States)] [Center for Astrophysics and Space Astronomy, University of Colorado, 389 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309-0389 (United States); Terebey, Susan [Department of Physics and Astronomy PS315, 5151 State University Drive, California State University at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90032 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy PS315, 5151 State University Drive, California State University at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90032 (United States); Andre, Philippe; Koenyves, Vera [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Universite Paris Diderot, IRFU/Service d'Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France)] [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS-Universite Paris Diderot, IRFU/Service d'Astrophysique, CEA Saclay, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Bourke, Tyler L. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)] [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Di Francesco, James; Matthews, Brenda C. [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada)] [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7 (Canada); Peterson, Dawn E., E-mail: pmh@astro.as.utexas.edu, E-mail: Cassandra.Fallscheer@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca, E-mail: adam.ginsburg@colorado.edu, E-mail: sterebe@calstatela.edu, E-mail: pandre@cea.fr, E-mail: vera.konyves@cea.fr, E-mail: tbourke@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: James.DiFrancesco@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca, E-mail: Brenda.Matthews@nrc-cnrc.gc.ca, E-mail: dpeterson@spacescience.org [Space Science Institute, 4750 Walnut Street, Suite 205, Boulder, CO 80303 (United States)

2013-02-20

250

GATE HOUSE FOR UNITED ENGINEERING CO., Alameda, California. Four elevations ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GATE HOUSE FOR UNITED ENGINEERING CO., Alameda, California. Four elevations and three sections. Alben Froberg, Architect, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 1. Scale 1/4 inch to the foot, elevations. Scale ~ inch to the foot, sections. July 31, 1941. pencil on tracing paper - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Gate House, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

251

5. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California Edison Company Corporate Offices, Rosemead, California). Photographer unknown, pre-1970. PLANT 2 AND COTTAGES EMPHASIZING SOUTH END OF COMPLEX. VIEW TO WEST. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 2, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

252

4. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California Edison Company Corporate Offices, Rosemead, California). Photographer unknown, pre-1970. PLANT 2 AND COTTAGES EMPHASIZING NORTH END OF COMPLEX. VIEW TO WEST. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 2, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

253

The Manufacturing Sector and Job Training in California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The manufacturing sector is the second largest industry in California (after retail), employing over two million persons (including the self employed) and paying more than $86 billion in wages and salaries. There is concern, however, that California's manufacturing sector is on the decline and that companies are moving elsewhere. This report

Lopez, Elias S.; Bugarin, Alicia

2004-01-01

254

Photocopy of drawing located at National Archives, San Bruno, California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing located at National Archives, San Bruno, California (Navy # 110-A-1 3 of 5). Scofiled Construction Company Mare Island Office, Mare Island Cal, details of doors windows and terra cotta, September 2, 1908. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Pump House, California Avenue, east side between Dry Dock 1 & Dry Dock 2, near Ninth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

255

BENDING SHOP & OVEN. United Engineering Co., Alameda, California. Plan, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

BENDING SHOP & OVEN. United Engineering Co., Alameda, California. Plan, two elevations, sections, and details. Alben Froberg, Architect, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 1 of 1. Various scales. December 15, 1941. pencil on tracing paper - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Bending Shop & Oven, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

256

Photocopy of drawing located at National Archives, San Bruno, California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing located at National Archives, San Bruno, California (Navy # 110-A-14 of 5. Scofiled Construction Company Mare Island office, Mare Island Cal. Louvers details; September 2, 1908. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Pump House, California Avenue, east side between Dry Dock 1 & Dry Dock 2, near Ninth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

257

Photocopy of drawing located at National Archives, Sand Bruno, California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing located at National Archives, Sand Bruno, California (Navy # 110-A-1 2 of 5. Scofiled Construction Company Mare Island Office, Mare Island Cal. Plan of operating floor, September 2, 1908. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Pump House, California Avenue, east side between Dry Dock 1 & Dry Dock 2, near Ninth Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

258

Measuring Tsunami Current Velocities on Californias North Coast  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Northern California coast is particularly susceptible to tsunami damage. Thirty-one tsunamis have been recorded since 1933 when the first tide gauge was installed at Citizens Dock in Crescent City, California and four have caused damage. In November 2006, a magnitude 8.3 earthquake in the Kuril Islands generated a tsunami that caused over $20 million in damages and replacement costs to the Crescent City small boat basin. The 2006 tsunami did not flood any areas above the normal high tide; very strong currents produced as the tsunami surged in and out of the small boat basin caused all of the damage. The Harbor Master and commercial fishermen in the area estimated the peak currents near the mouth of the small boat basin at 12 to 15 knots or 6 to 8 m/sec. MOST numerical modeling of the 2006 currents in Crescent City gives peak velocities in the 2-3 m/sec range. We have initiated a pilot project to directly measure current velocities produced by moderate tsunamis such as the 2006 event. In spring of 2009 we acquired a Nortek Aquadopp 600 kHz acoustic 2-D current profiler through a donation from the Pacific Gas and Electric Company to measure currents in Humboldt Bay, located 100 km south of Crescent City. The manufacturer specifies the current meter can measure currents up to 10 m/sec. In a preliminary deployment at the Fairhaven dock inside Humboldt Bay in May 2009, we measured current velocities of 1.5 m/sec caused by the daily tidal fluctuation with a 1 minute sampling rate. Our primary goal is to model control and data telemetry of this current meter after NOAAs tsunami-ready tide gages, in collaboration with NOAA personnel at PMEL and CO-OPS. We also intend to make available real-time current measurements online for the local maritime community. In this poster, we present preliminary results from the current meter and discuss deployment and telecommunication considerations. While some interference is present in the closest range bins, the system measures currents in the nearby navigational channel that compare favorably to NOAA tidal predictions at a nearby location. Once the deployment and telemetry issues have been resolved at the Humboldt Bay site, we will be deploying two additional instruments in Crescent City.

Crawford, G. B.; Dengler, L. A.; Montoya, J.

2009-12-01

259

California Connected  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Even as public interest programming on television seems to constitute less and less of the average programming schedule, there remain a few bright spots on the dial. One such program is California Connected, which is a public affairs television show that focuses on issues throughout the state of California. The program is produced through a collaboration of four of the state's PBS stations, along with generous assistance from a number of foundations, including The Annenberg Foundation. Visitors can view each show in its entirety on the site, and they may also want to browse the archives, which date back to 2002. There are a number of compelling programs here, including episodes on the efforts to create a solar-hydrogen fuel system and the state of California's biotech industry. If users of the site wish to search the contents of the archive by keyword or topic, they may do so here as well.

260

Northern California  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Environmental Protection Agency presents this comprehensive dataset for northern California as part of a pilot study for its Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP). EMAP offers easy-to-use, GIS-based land use and environmental data designed to help resource managers better "understand and assess the status and trends in the condition of our ecological resources and the stressors affecting these systems." The northern California dataset includes detailed maps and information on hydrography, land cover, roads, vegetation, soils, land ownership, and so on -- all of which may be downloaded.

261

18 CFR 367.4570 - Account 457, Services rendered to associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts...

2010-04-01

262

18 CFR 367.23 - Transactions with non-associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT General Instructions 367.23...

2010-04-01

263

18 CFR 367.4116 - Account 411.6, Gains from disposition of service company plant.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED...PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts...

2010-04-01

264

Enhancing Price Response Programs through Auto-DR: California's 2007 Implementation Experience  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes automated demand response (Auto-DR) activities, an innovative effort in California to ensure that DR programs produce effective and sustainable impacts. Through the application of automation and communication technologies coupled with well-designed incentives and DR programs such as Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) and Demand Bidding (DBP), Auto-DR is opening up the opportunity for many different types of buildings to effectively participate in DR programs. We present the results of Auto-DR implementation efforts by the three California investor-owned utilities for the Summer of 2007. The presentation emphasizes Pacific Gas and Electric Company's (PG&E) Auto-DR efforts, which represents the largest in the state. PG&E's goal was to recruit, install, test and operate 15 megawatts of Auto-DR system capability. We describe the unique delivery approaches, including optimizing the utility incentive structures designed to foster an Auto-DR service provider community. We also show how PG&E's Critical Peak Pricing (CPP) and Demand Bidding (DBP) options were called and executed under the automation platform. Finally, we show the results of the Auto-DR systems installed and operational during 2007, which surpassed PG&E's Auto-DR goals. Auto-DR is being implemented by a multi-disciplinary team including the California Investor Owned Utilities (IOUs), energy consultants, energy management control system vendors, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), and the California Energy Commission (CEC).

Kiliccote, Sila; Wikler, Greg; Chiu, Albert; Piette, Mary Ann; Kiliccote, Sila; Hennage, Dan; Thomas, Chuck

2007-12-18

265

Evolving California opinion on offshore oil development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether oil companies should be allowed to drill more oil wells along the California coast is the subject of a great deal of conflict. We examine public opinion on the question using a series of public opinion polls of Californians. We find that public support for coastal oil development has sharply declined since 1980. The groups most supportive of drilling

Eric R. A. N. Smith; Sonia R. Garcia

1995-01-01

266

Where do California's greenhouse gases come from?  

SciTech Connect

Last March, more than two years after California passed legislation to slash greenhouse gas emissions 25 percent by 2020, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory scientist Marc Fischer boarded a Cessna loaded with air monitoring equipment and crisscrossed the skies above Sacramento and the Bay Area. Instruments aboard the aircraft measured a cocktail of greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide from fossil fuel use, methane from livestock and landfills, CO2 from refineries and power plants, traces of nitrous oxide from agriculture and fuel use, and industrially produced other gases like refrigerants. The flight was part of the Airborne Greenhouse Gas Emissions Survey, a collaboration between Berkeley Lab, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the University of California, and UC Davis to pinpoint the sources of greenhouse gases in central California. The survey is intended to improve inventories of the states greenhouse gas emissions, which in turn will help scientists verify the emission reductions mandated by AB-32, the legislation enacted by California in 2006.

Fischer, Marc

2009-01-01

267

Where do California's greenhouse gases come from?  

ScienceCinema

Last March, more than two years after California passed legislation to slash greenhouse gas emissions 25 percent by 2020, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory scientist Marc Fischer boarded a Cessna loaded with air monitoring equipment and crisscrossed the skies above Sacramento and the Bay Area. Instruments aboard the aircraft measured a cocktail of greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide from fossil fuel use, methane from livestock and landfills, CO2 from refineries and power plants, traces of nitrous oxide from agriculture and fuel use, and industrially produced other gases like refrigerants. The flight was part of the Airborne Greenhouse Gas Emissions Survey, a collaboration between Berkeley Lab, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the University of California, and UC Davis to pinpoint the sources of greenhouse gases in central California. The survey is intended to improve inventories of the states greenhouse gas emissions, which in turn will help scientists verify the emission reductions mandated by AB-32, the legislation enacted by California in 2006.

Fischer, Marc

2013-05-29

268

Neogene Gas Total Petroleum System -- Neogene Nonassociated Gas Assessment Unit of the San Joaquin Basin Province: Chapter 22 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Neogene Nonassociated Gas Assessment Unit (AU) of the Neogene Total Petroleum System consists of nonassociated gas accumulations in Pliocene marine and brackish-water sandstone located in the south and central San Joaquin Basin Province (Rudkin, 1968). Traps consist mainly of stratigraphic lenses in low-relief, elongate domes that trend northwest-southeast. Reservoir rocks typically occur as sands that pinch out at shallow depths (1,000 to 7,500 feet) within the Etchegoin and San Joaquin Formations. Map boundaries of the assessment unit are shown in figures 22.1 and 22.2; this assessment unit replaces the Pliocene Nonassociated Gas play 1001 (shown by purple line in fig. 22.1) considered by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in its 1995 National Assessment (Beyer, 1996). The AU is drawn to include all existing fields containing nonassociated gas accumulations in the Pliocene to Pleistocene section, as was done in the 1995 assessment, but it was greatly expanded to include adjacent areas believed to contain similar source and reservoir rock relationships. Stratigraphically, the AU extends from the topographic surface to the base of the Etchegoin Formation (figs. 22.3 and 22.4). The boundaries of the AU explicitly exclude gas accumulations in Neogene rocks on the severely deformed west side of the basin and gas accumulations in underlying Miocene rocks; these resources, which primarily consist of a mixture of mostly thermogenic and some biogenic gas, are included in two other assessment units. Lillis and others (this volume, chapter 10) discuss the geochemical characteristics of biogenic gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province. Primary fields in the assessment unit are defined as those containing hydrocarbon resources greater than the USGS minimum threshold for assessment3 billion cubic feet (BCF) of gas; secondary fields contain smaller volumes of gas but constitute a significant show of hydrocarbons. Although 12 fields meet the 3 BCF criterion for inclusion in the AU, only 5 fields were considered at the time of assessment.

Hosford Scheirer, Allegra; Magoon, Leslie B.

2009-01-01

269

Upholding California's nuclear moratorium  

SciTech Connect

Case notes on the Pacific Gas and Electric Co. and Southern California Edison Co. suits involving a 1976 amendment to the Warren-Alquist State Energy Resources Conservation and Development Act that banned nuclear power certification until the state approves a demonstrated high-level waste disposal system explain the background of the litigation and the legal precedents used by both sides. The author explains the supremacy clause and the court's search for preemption, either express or implied, when a state regulation conflicts with national objectives. 169 references.

Barrash, M.

1984-01-01

270

Adapting California's energy markets to growth in renewable resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electric power generation is the second-largest category of greenhouse gas emissions in California, next to transportation. California's administration, legislature, and energy regulators have adopted aggressive targets for renewable energy due to heavy reliance on natural gas as a fuel for electric generation, which will result in profound changes in markets and system operations. The growth of renewable in-state generation involves

James E. Price; Anjali Sheffrin

2010-01-01

271

The Potential of Wind Power and Energy Storage in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

A great deal of new electricity generating capacity will be needed in California over the next few decades. Given California's Renewable Portfolio Standard and greenhouse gas reduction goals, a significant fraction of this capacity is likely to be renewable; and among renewables, wind energy is particularly promising. Other likely types of capacity additions are natural gas and coal. Unlike these

Diana Schwyzer

272

75 FR 66378 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Enforcement), 101 Market Street, San Francisco, California 94105-1579: 1. Carpenter Fund Manager GP, LLC, Carpenter Fund Management Company, LLC, Carpenter Community Bancfund, L.P., Carpenter Community Bancfund--A,...

2010-10-28

273

76 FR 61359 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Enforcement) 101 Market Street, San Francisco, California 94105-1579: 1. Carpenter Fund Manager GP, LLC; Carpenter Fund Management Company, LLC; Carpenter Community BancFund, L.P.; Carpenter Community BancFund--A,...

2011-10-04

274

76 FR 1149 - Eagle Crest Energy Company; Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California] Eagle Crest Energy Company; Notice of Availability...Act of 1969 and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (Commission...FR 47897]), the Office of Energy Projects has reviewed the application...the inactive Eagle Mountain mine in Riverside County,...

2011-01-07

275

77 FR 5505 - Eagle Crest Energy Company; Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California] Eagle Crest Energy Company; Notice of Availability...Act of 1969 and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (Commission...FR 47897]), the Office of Energy Projects has reviewed the application...largely inactive Eagle Mountain mine in Riverside County,...

2012-02-03

276

INTELSAT VI series spacecraft (one of five) at Hughes Aircraft Company  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

International Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT) VI series spacecraft (one of five), weighing about 4.5 tons at launch and standing nearly 40 ft tall when deployed, is prepared for final testing at Hughes Aircraft Company in El Segundo, California.

1992-01-01

277

California energy flow in 1991  

SciTech Connect

Energy consumption in California fell in 1991 for the first time in five years. The State`s economy was especially hard hit by a continuing national recession. The construction industry for the second year experienced a dramatic downturn. Energy use in the industrial sector showed a modest increase, but consumption in other end-use categories declined. The decrease in energy used in transportation can be traced to a substantial fall in the sales of both highway diesel fuels and vessel bunkering fuels at California ports, the latter reflecting a mid-year increase in taxes. Gasoline sales by contrast increased as did the number of miles traveled and the number of automobiles in the State. Production in California`s oil and gas fields was at 1990 levels thus arresting a steady decline in output. Due to enlarged steam flooding operations, production at several fields reached record levels. Also countering the decline in many of California fields was new production from the Port Arguello offshore field. California natural gas production, despite a modest 1991 increase, will not fill the use within the State. Petroleum comprised more than half of the State`s energy supply principally for transportation. Natural gas use showed a small increase. Oil products play virtually no role in electrical production. The largest single source of electricity to the State is imports from the Pacific Northwest and from coal-fired plants in the Southwest. Combined contributions to transmitted electricity from renewable and alternate sources declined as hydropower was constrained by a prolonged drought and as geothermal power from the largest and oldest field at The Geysers fell. Windpower grew slightly; however solar power remained at 1990 levels and made no substantial contribution to total power generation.

Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

1993-04-01

278

3. ELEVATIONS, ADDITION TO POWER HOUSE. United Engineering Company Ltd., ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. ELEVATIONS, ADDITION TO POWER HOUSE. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard. John Hudspeth, architect, foot of Main Street, Alameda, California. Sheet 4. Plan no. 10,548. Scale 1/4 inch to the foot, elevations, and one inch to the foot, sections and details. April 30, 1945, last revised 6/19/45. pencil on vellum - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Boiler House, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

279

California Shipwrecks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from the California State Lands Commission offers a nice collection of resources for actual or armchair underwater archaeologists. The core of the site is a database of over 1500 California shipwrecks, searchable by keyword in twelve fields. Search returns include ship's name, type, years built and sunk, cause, owner, captain, length, beam, tonnage, engine, and county. The other major feature at the site is an exhibition on the wreck and recovery of the Brother Jonathan. The exhibit includes the story of the ship and its specifications, a passenger list, a photo exhibit of artifacts and video of the wreck, and some comments on the significance of the archaeological remains. Other sections of the site include brief articles on the sinking of eight ships, video and audio clips, and links to related sites.

280

Measurement of non-enteric emission fluxes of volatile fatty acids from a California dairy by solid phase micro-extraction with gas chromatography\\/mass spectrometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dairies are a major source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in California's San Joaquin Valley; a region that experiences high ozone levels during summer. Short-chain carboxylic acids, or volatile fatty acids (VFAs), are believed to make up a large fraction of VOC emissions from these facilities, although there are few studies to substantiate this. In this work, a method using

Phillip Alanis; Mark Sorenson; Matt Beene; Charles Krauter; Brian Shamp; Alam S. Hasson

2008-01-01

281

Student Loan Lenders: Information on the Activities of the First Independent Trust Company.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information is provided on the activities of the First Independent Trust Company (FITCO) of Carmichael, California, which made loans to students participating in the Stafford Student Loan Program until California's State Banking Department closed it in May 1989. During the 11 years FITCO was in the Stafford program, it made over $1 billion in

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.

282

Direct participation of electrical loads in the California independent system operator markets during the Summer of 2000  

SciTech Connect

California's restructured electricity markets opened on 1 April 1998. The former investor-owned utilities were functionally divided into generation, transmission, and distribution activities, all of their gas-fired generating capacity was divested, and the retail market was opened to competition. To ensure that small customers shared in the expected benefit of lower prices, the enabling legislation mandated a 10% rate cut for all customers, which was implemented in a simplistic way that fossilized 1996 tariff structures. Rising fuel and environmental compliance costs, together with a reduced ability to import electricity, numerous plant outages, and exercise of market power by generators drove up wholesale electricity prices steeply in 2000, while retail tariffs remained unchanged. One of the distribution/supply companies entered bankruptcy in April 2001, and another was insolvent. During this period, two sets of interruptible load programs were in place, longstanding ones organized as special tariffs by the distribution/supply companies and hastily established ones run directly by the California Independent System Operator (CAISO). The distribution/supply company programs were effective at reducing load during the summer of 2000, but because of the high frequency of outages required by a system on the brink of failure, customer response declined and many left the tariff. The CAISO programs failed to attract enough participation to make a significant difference to the California supply demand imbalance. The poor performance of direct load participation in California's markets reinforces the argument for accurate pricing of electricity as a stimulus to energy efficiency investment and as a constraint on market volatility.

Marnay, Chris; Hamachi, Kristina S.; Khavkin, Mark; Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2001-04-01

283

Illinois' Marathon Oil Company  

Microsoft Academic Search

Would you ever think Illinois could ever be a leading oil-producing state? The Ohio Oil Company, now known as Marathon Refinery in Robinson thought Illinois was a good place to pump oil. The company was originally established in 1887 in northwestern Ohio by a group of independent oil producers who appointed Henry M. Ernst as president. The company grew rapidly

Luke Essenpreis; Stephanie Garcia

284

Energy-Efficient, Mold Resistant Materials and Construction Practices for New California Homes. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Energy-Efficient, Mold-Resistant Building Assemblies for the New California Homes project was a 30-month project funded by the California Energy Commission, Gas Research Institute, and participating builders, utilities, manufacturers, and consultants....

2008-01-01

285

Plan for Management of Mineral Assess on Native Tribal Lands and for Formation of a Fully Integrated Natural Gas and Oil Exploration and Production Company  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a plan for Native American tribes to assume responsibility for and operation of tribal mineral resources using the Osage Tribe as an example. Under this plan, the tribal council select and employ a qualified Director to assume responsibility for management of their mineral reservations. The procurement process should begin with an application for contracting to the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Under this plan, the Director will develop strategies to increase income by money management and increasing exploitation of natural gas, oil, and other minerals.

Blechner, Michael H.; Carroll, Herbert B.; Johnson, William I.

1999-04-27

286

California commercial building energy benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

Building energy benchmarking is the comparison of whole-building energy use relative to a set of similar buildings. It provides a useful starting point for individual energy audits and for targeting buildings for energy-saving measures in multiple-site audits. Benchmarking is of interest and practical use to a number of groups. Energy service companies and performance contractors communicate energy savings potential with ''typical'' and ''best-practice'' benchmarks while control companies and utilities can provide direct tracking of energy use and combine data from multiple buildings. Benchmarking is also useful in the design stage of a new building or retrofit to determine if a design is relatively efficient. Energy managers and building owners have an ongoing interest in comparing energy performance to others. Large corporations, schools, and government agencies with numerous facilities also use benchmarking methods to compare their buildings to each other. The primary goal of Task 2.1.1 Web-based Benchmarking was the development of a web-based benchmarking tool, dubbed Cal-Arch, for benchmarking energy use in California commercial buildings. While there were several other benchmarking tools available to California consumers prior to the development of Cal-Arch, there were none that were based solely on California data. Most available benchmarking information, including the Energy Star performance rating, were developed using DOE's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), which does not provide state-level data. Each database and tool has advantages as well as limitations, such as the number of buildings and the coverage by type, climate regions and end uses. There is considerable commercial interest in benchmarking because it provides an inexpensive method of screening buildings for tune-ups and retrofits. However, private companies who collect and manage consumption data are concerned that the identities of building owners might be revealed and hence are reluctant to share their data. The California Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), the primary source of data for Cal-Arch, is a unique source of information on commercial buildings in California. It has not been made public; however, it was made available by CEC to LBNL for the purpose of developing a public benchmarking tool.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2003-07-01

287

Competitive ancillary service procurement in California  

SciTech Connect

California has undertaken a major restructuring of its electricity utility sector. Most electricity is now sold in open markets operated by the PX and other entities. Bilateral contracting among some market participants is also permitted. A group of independent generating companies bids into these markets together with out of state resources. In addition to these markets, CAISO operates markets for both imbalance energy and AS, a quite unusual feature of the California system. These markets were initially quite chaotic and were rife with market power problems. However, various reforms have now created a system that functions well. During the restructuring process, special provisions were made to protect public purpose programs, including renewable generation.

Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Khavkin, Mark

2000-01-01

288

Field testing of behavioral barriers for fish exclusion at cooling-water intake systems, Central Hudson Gas and Electric Company Roseton Generating Station: Final report  

SciTech Connect

A seasonal field testing program was conducted during 1986 and 1987 to evaluate the effectiveness of behavioral barriers at Central Hudson Gas and Electric Corporations's Roseton Generating Station located in the euryhaline section of the Hudson River. This station was selected as representative of power plants with shoreline riverine/estuarine intake systems. Three commercially available devices (air bubble curtain, pneumatic gun, and underwater strobe light) were tested alone and in combination to determine their effectiveness in reducing impingement. The primary testing method incorporated three or four 6-h impingement collections during each test date, each consisting of two randomly assigned 3-h samples: one was an experimental test with a behavioral device in operation, the other a control test with no device operating. The effectiveness of the devices at excluding fish was determined by comparing impingement data from experimental and control periods. Results of the program do not establish that the deployment of underwater strobe lights, pneumatic guns, an air bubble curtain, or various combinations of the three devices will effectively lower fish impingement at power plants similar in design and location to the Roseton plant. Deterrent effectiveness was found to be species-specific and related to time of day. 51 refs., 67 figs., 72 tabs.

Matousek, J.A.; Wells, A.W.; McGroddy, P.M.

1988-09-01

289

75 FR 5075 - Coalinga Cogeneration Company, Kern River Cogeneration Company, Mid-Set Cogeneration Company...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ER10-610-000; ER10-609-000; ER10-612-000; ER10-611-000] Coalinga Cogeneration Company, Kern River Cogeneration Company, Mid-Set Cogeneration Company, Salinas River Cogeneration Company, Sargent Canyon Cogeneration...

2010-02-01

290

Project SAGE: Solar assisted gas energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Plans are formulated to: improve solar assisted gas energy (SAGE) technical design and performance; reduce SAGE costs; refine SAGE market assessment; and identify policies to encourage the use of SAGE. Two SAGE water heating systems were installed and tested. One system was retrofit onto an existing apartment building; the other was installed in a new apartment building. Each installation required approximately 1000 square feet of collector area tilted to an angle of 37(0) from the horizontal, and each was designed to supply about 70 percent of the energy for heating water for approximately 32 to 40 units of a typical two-story apartment complex, in Southern California. Construction costs were compiled, and both installations were equipped with performance monitoring equipment. The operating and maintenance requirements of each installation was evaluated by gas company maintenance engineers. Market penetration was assessed by developing a computer simulation program using the technical and economic analysis from the installation experience.

1980-03-01

291

Deep Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the California Transportation Sector: Dynamics in Vehicle Fleet and Energy Supply Transitions to Achieve 80% Reduction in Emissions from 1990 Levels by 2050  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

California's "80in50" target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 80 percent below 1990 levels by the year 2050 is based on climate science rather than technical feasibility of mitigation. As such, it raises four fundamental questions: is this magnitude of reduction in greenhouse gas emissions possible, what energy system transitions over the next 40 years are necessary, can intermediate policy goals be met on the pathway toward 2050, and does the path of transition matter for the objective of climate change mitigation? Scenarios for meeting the 80in50 goal in the transportation sector are modelled. Specifically, earlier work defining low carbon transport scenarios for the year 2050 is refined by incorporating new information about biofuel supply. Then transition paths for meeting 80in50 scenarios are modelled for the light-duty vehicle sub-sector, with important implications for the timing of action, rate of change, and cumulative greenhouse gas emissions. One aspect of these transitions -- development in the California wind industry to supply low-carbon electricity for plug-in electric vehicles -- is examined in detail. In general, the range of feasible scenarios for meeting the 80in50 target is narrow enough that several common themes are apparent: electrification of light-duty vehicles must occur; continued improvements in vehicle efficiency must be applied to improving fuel economy; and energy carriers must de-carbonize to less than half of the carbon intensity of gasoline and diesel. Reaching the 80in50 goal will require broad success in travel demand reduction, fuel economy improvements and low-carbon fuel supply, since there is little opportunity to increase emission reductions in one area if we experience failure in another. Although six scenarios for meeting the 80in50 target are defined, only one also meets the intermediate target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by the year 2020. Furthermore, the transition path taken to reach any one of these scenarios can differ in cumulative emissions by more than 25 percent. Since cumulative emissions are the salient factor for climate change mitigation and the likelihood of success is an important consideration, initiating action immediately to begin the transitions indicated for achieving the 80in50 goal is found to be prudent.

Leighty, Wayne Waterman

292

Summary of California DSM impact evaluation studies  

SciTech Connect

Over the past several years, four of the largest investor-owned California utilities have completed more than 50 evaluation studies designed to measure the energy and demand impacts of their demand-side management (DSM) programs. These four are: Pacific Gas and Electric (PG and E), Southern California Edison (SCE), Southern California Gas (SoCalGas), and San diego Gas and Electric (SDG and E). These studies covered residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural DSM programs and provided a wealth of information on program impacts. The objective of this report is to summarize the results of these DSM evaluation studies in order to describe what DSM has achieved in California, to assess how well these achievements were forecast, and to compare the effectiveness of different types of DSM programs. This report documents the sizable investment made by the California utilities in their 1990--92 DSM programs. Between 1990 and 1992, the four utilities spent $772 million on energy-efficiency/conservation programs. This report also summarizes the realization rates estimated by the 50+ evaluation studies. Realization rates are defined as ex-post net savings estimates divided by ex-ante net savings estimates. Realization rates are summarized for 158 programs and program segments.

Brown, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Mihlmester, P.E. [Aspen Systems Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1994-10-01

293

California planning ambitious comeback. [Petroleum exploration in California  

SciTech Connect

California's offshore oil potential is great because of large fields already present and on-going exploratory operations. Several wildcat wells have been drilled in the Santa Maria Basin since the land sale in May 1981. Before 1983, there will be 10 drilling vessels to handle the increased exploratory drilling. One industry is capping a natural oil seep in exchange for approval to drill two exploratory wells in the Santa Barbara Channel. The oil and gas from the seep belongs to the state and will be piped ashore to storage facilities. At Molino, one of the most productive gas condensate fields is kept hidden. The wells are all on the seafloor and the gas condensate is piped by a seafloor gathering system to a geograpically hidden gas plant. Federal land sales are scheduled to begin in June 1982, and the state may offer some also. (JBF)

Not Available

1982-06-20

294

A four-dimensional petroleum systems model for the San Joaquin Basin Province, California: Chapter 12 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A calibrated numerical model depicts the geometry and three-dimensional (3-D) evolution of petroleum systems through time (4-D) in a 249 x 309 km (155 x 192 mi) area covering all of the San Joaquin Basin Province of California. Model input includes 3-D structural and stratigraphic data for key horizons and maps of unit thickness, lithology, paleobathymetry, heat flow, original total organic carbon, and original Rock-Eval pyrolysis hydrogen index for each source rock. The four principal petroleum source rocks in the basin are the Miocene Antelope shale of Graham and Williams (1985; hereafter referred to as Antelope shale), the Eocene Kreyenhagen Formation, the Eocene Tumey formation of Atwill (1935; hereafter referred to as Tumey formation), and the Cretaceous to Paleocene Moreno Formation. Due to limited Rock-Eval/total organic carbon data, the Tumey formation was modeled using constant values of original total organic carbon and original hydrogen index. Maps of original total organic carbon and original hydrogen index were created for the other three source rocks. The Antelope shale was modeled using Type IIS kerogen kinetics, whereas Type II kinetics were used for the other source rocks. Four-dimensional modeling and geologic field evidence indicate that maximum burial of the three principal Cenozoic source rocks occurred in latest Pliocene to Holocene time. For example, a 1-D extraction of burial history from the 4-D model in the Tejon depocenter shows that the bottom of the Antelope shale source rock began expulsion (10 percent transformation ratio) about 4.6 Ma and reached peak expulsion (50 percent transformation ratio) about 3.6 Ma. Except on the west flank of the basin, where steep dips in outcrop and seismic data indicate substantial uplift, little or no section has been eroded. Most petroleum migration occurred during late Cenozoic time in distinct stratigraphic intervals along east-west pathways from pods of active petroleum source rock in the Tejon and Buttonwillow depocenters to updip sandstone reservoirs. Satisfactory runs of the model required about 18 hours of computation time for each simulation using parallel processing on a Linux-based cluster.

Peters, Kenneth E.; Magoon, Leslie B.; Lampe, Carolyn; Scheirer, Allegra Hosford; Lillis, Paul G.; Gautier, Donald L.

2008-01-01

295

77 FR 26534 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC, Transcontinental Gas Pipe...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...certain inactive gathering facilities consisting of 16.8 miles of 24-inch diameter pipeline and appurtenances located in the Mustang Island and Matagorda Island Areas in Federal offshore waters of Texas (MOPS Phase III Facilities). Any questions...

2012-05-04

296

75 FR 19963 - Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC; Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Florida Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...One new Meter and Regulation (M&R) (Grand Bay M&R Station) with pig launcher in Grand Bay, Alabama (MP 8.8); One new Over Pressure Protection Regulator Station with pig receiver in Citronelle, Alabama); and...

2010-04-16

297

77 FR 14010 - Rocky Ridge Wind Project, LLC, Blackwell Wind, LLC, CPV Cimarron Renewable Energy Company, LLC...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Blackwell Wind, LLC, CPV Cimarron Renewable Energy Company, LLC, Minco Wind Interconnection Services, LLC, Shiloh III Lessee, LLC, California Ridge Wind Energy LLC, Perrin Ranch Wind, LLC, Erie Wind, LLC: Notice of...

2012-03-08

298

Tobacco Companies, State Attorneys Reach Settlement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines the November 16, 1998 $206 billion settlement reached between tobacco industry leaders and eight US states. The twelve resources discussed provide press releases, opinion, and background information on the economics of tobacco production and consumption in the US. Following increasing pressure from anti-tobacco activists at the state level, Philip Morris Incorporated, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation, and the Lorillard Tobacco Company settled pending lawsuits with New York, California, and Wisconsin, among other states. The agreement requires the companies to pay the potential medical costs of sick smokers based on a formula that factors state-by-state population, tobacco use, and previous Medicaid cost. The agreement also provides for a $1.5 billion anti-smoking campaign fund and bans billboard and transit ads in addition to "branded" merchandising -- the sale and distribution of items bearing tobacco brands' names or logos. Although these provisions give anti-smoking organizations much needed funding for educational resources, critics fear that the settlement protects the tobacco industry more than it hinders it. According to Gary Black, an analyst at Sanford C. Bernstein & Co., the settlement "removes the remaining threat of bankruptcy from the stocks and reduces the litigation discount that has plagued tobacco companies since 1994." With little risk of future lawsuits according to Black, "we're back to business as usual."

Waters, Megan.

1998-01-01

299

The Neftemash closed joint-stock company  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Neftemash closed joint-stock company was created from the VNIIneftemash Scientific Production Association in the privatization process in the country. Members of the Neftemash Co. are listed. This group of members determined the basic activities of the Neftemash Co. as a multifunctional scientific production complex for designing and manufacturing modern equipment for oil and gas production and refining. By having

Umanchik

1995-01-01

300

Cruise summary for P-1-02-SC: acoustic imaging of natural oil and gas seeps and measurement of dissolved methane concentration in coastal waters near Pt. Conception, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water-column acoustic anomalies and methane concentrations were documented in coastal waters surrounding Pt. Conception, California, in March 2002. The purpose of this survey, supported by the Minerals Management Service, was to locate active oil and gas seeps in the area as a background for further studies to determine hydrocarbon flux, mainly oil, into the environment. Objectives in reaching this goal are to (1) document the locations and geochemically fingerprint natural seeps within the offshore southern Santa Maria Basin; (2) geochemically fingerprint coastal tar residues and potential sources, both onshore and offshore, in this region; (3) establish chemical correlations between offshore active seeps and coastal residues thus linking seep sources to oil residues; (4) measure the rate of natural seepage of individual seeps and attempt to assess regional natural oil and gas seepage rates; (5) attempt to predict transport pathways of oil from seep sources to the coastline and; (6) interpret the petroleum system history for the natural seeps. This survey, addressing objective 1, focused on the area from offshore Surf Beach to the north and Gaviota to the south in water depths ranging from 20 to 500m. In addition, nine stations were sampled outside this area to provide a regional context. Water-column methane concentrations were measured in water samples collected from the R/V Point Sur with Niskin bottles from various depths. A total of 724 water samples from 94 stations were collected.

Lorenson, Thomas D.; Dougherty, Jennifer A.; Ussler, William, III; Paull, Charles K.

2003-01-01

301

Public Health-Related Impacts of Climate Change inCalifornia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In June 2005 Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger issued Executive Order S-3-05 that set greenhouse gas emission reduction targets for California, and directed the Secretary of the California Environmental Protection Agency to report to the governor and the State legislature by January 2006 and biannually thereafter on the impacts to California of global warming, including impacts to water supply, public health, agriculture,

D. M. Drechsler; N. Motallebi; M. Kleeman; D. Cayan; K. Hayhoe; L. S. Kalkstein; N. L. Miller; J. Jin; R. A. VanCuren

2005-01-01

302

The Impact of California's Global Warming Legislation on the Electric Utility Industry  

SciTech Connect

California's greenhouse gas legislation would appear at first glance to be a significant benefit to the development of renewable energy resources both in California and in neighboring states. However, the difficulties that California has experienced in implementing its renewable portfolio standard, as well as its urgent need for additional generation, may limit the state's ability to significantly increase its reliance on renewable generation. (author)

Hilton, Seth

2006-11-15

303

California's Energy Future: The View to 2050  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this two year study funded by the California Energy Commission and S.D. Bechtel, a committee of individuals from major energy research institutions in California develops strategies to meet Executive Order S-3-05. Executive Order S-3-05 requires California to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 80% of 1990 levels by 2050. To accomplish this, CO2 levels will need to drop from 13 tons CO2e per capita (2005) to 1.6 tons CO2e per capita (2050) while the population continues to grow and energy use is expected to double. To offer a solution to this challenge, multiple energy system portraits are developed with combinations of nuclear, biomass, electricity, and fossil fuels with carbon capturing systems. Its concluded by applying key aggressive strategies and investing in multiple technologies, implementations, research, development, and innovation, California can meet executive order S-3-05.

Technology, California C.

304

Analysis of the Bakersfield-Delano, California Housing Market As of April 1, 2013. Comprehensive Housing Market Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Bakersfield-Delano Housing Market Area (HMA), coterminous with Kern County, is directly north of Los Angeles in Californias Central Valley. Approximately 75 percent of all oil production and 58 percent of all natural gas production in California occur...

2013-01-01

305

California Energy Commission: Fuels.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Fuel is critical to California's economy. Consumer expenditures on fuel alone amount to $34 billion each year in California. But the contribution goes well beyond consumer expenses on the fuel itself. These fuels enable countless transactions in the marke...

1999-01-01

306

Wood products companies near energy independence by burning own waste  

SciTech Connect

Fourteen lumber and wood products companies have found that by burning woodwastes, they are supplying an average of 70 percent of their own energy and at the same time they are cutting dependence on oil and gas. The companies are listed and are said to account for 27% of all U.S. lumber production and 50% of plywood and particleboard production.

Not Available

1980-11-01

307

California Workforce: California Faces a Skills Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California's education system is not keeping up with the changing demands of the state's economy--soon, California will face a shortage of skilled workers. Projections to 2025 suggest that the economy will continue to need more and more highly educated workers, but that the state will not be able to meet that demand. If current trends persist,

Public Policy Institute of California, 2011

2011-01-01

308

State summaries: California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), California ranked second behind Arizona among the states in nonfuel mineral production during 2005. It accounted for 7% of the US's total. The market value of mineral production for California amounted to $3.7 billion. During the year, California produced 30 varieties of industrial minerals. The nonfuel minerals came from 820 active mines.

Kohler, S.

2006-01-01

309

California Institute for Energy Efficiency 1991 annual report  

SciTech Connect

This 1991 annual report of the California Institute for Energy Efficiency (CIEE) presents current research topics along with institutional events. Various modes for energy conservation are reported including: residential and commercial air distribution systems, thermal energy storage, natural gas and electric powered vehicles, gas-filled thermal insulation panels, exhaust hoods, shade trees and white surfaces, industrial natural gas burners, and lighting systems. (GHH)

Not Available

1991-01-01

310

California Institute for Energy Efficiency 1991 annual report  

SciTech Connect

This 1991 annual report of the California Institute for Energy Efficiency (CIEE) presents current research topics along with institutional events. Various modes for energy conservation are reported including: residential and commercial air distribution systems, thermal energy storage, natural gas and electric powered vehicles, gas-filled thermal insulation panels, exhaust hoods, shade trees and white surfaces, industrial natural gas burners, and lighting systems. (GHH)

Not Available

1991-12-31

311

Identification of Company Command Competencies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Company command currently has responsibilities that were once at the battalion or brigade command level, but now have been pushed down to the company level. This research identified 35 company command competencies required for successful performance in th...

D. Forrest, H. M. Wolters, K. O. Moriarty, L. A. Ford, M. J. Cullen

2013-01-01

312

Source Test Measurement of Nitrogen Oxides, Sulfur Dioxide, Carbon Monoxide, VOC, and PM10 Emissions on Gas Turbine Number 2 at Onizuka AFB, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Sampling was conducted to measure the following contaminant output from one of twelve gas turbines located at the Onizuka AFB Power Plant: NOy, SO2, CO, VOC, PM10. The results will be used to determine the banking and selling of emission credits upon curt...

S. H. Brown

1994-01-01

313

Determining gas-meter accuracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes how engineers at the Metering Research Facility are helping natural-gas companies improve pipeline efficiency by evaluating and refining the instruments used for measuring and setting prices. Accurate metering of natural gas is more important than ever as deregulation subjects pipeline companies to competition. To help improve that accuracy, the Gas Research Institute (GRI) in Chicago has sponsored

Valenti

1997-01-01

314

Tectonic comparisons of Caucasus and California cordillera  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many parallels exist between the Caucasus region, shaped as the Eurasian and Arabian-African plates converged during the Cenozoic Alpine orogeny, and California, where the North American and Pacific plates interact. The Forecaucasian platform hosts many large oil and gas fields in molasse-filled foredeeps of high heat flow. Production is from Permian to Pliocene tight anticlines on reverse faults, diapiric structures,

Mulhern

1986-01-01

315

The superefficient company.  

PubMed

Most companies do a great job promoting efficiency within their own walls, streamlining internal processes wherever possible. But they have less success coordinating cross-company business interactions. When data pass between companies, inconsistencies, errors, and misunderstandings routinely arise, leading to wasted work--for instance, the same sales, order entry, and customer data may be entered repeatedly into different systems. Typically, scores of employees at each company manage these cumbersome interactions. The costs of such inefficiencies are very real and very large. In this article, Michael Hammer outlines the activities and goals used in streamlining cross-company processes. He breaks down the approach into four stages: scoping--identifying the business process for redesign and selecting a partner; organizing--establishing a joint committee to oversee the redesign and convening a design team to implement it; redesigning--taking apart and reassembling the process, with performance goals in mind; and implementing--rolling out the new process and communicating it across the collaborating companies. The author describes how several companies have streamlined their supply-chain and product development processes. Plastics compounder Geon integrated its forecasting and fulfillment processes with those of its main supplier after watching inventories, working capital, and shipping times creep up. General Mills coordinated the delivery of its yogurt with Land O'Lakes; butter and yogurt travel cost effectively in the same trucks to the same stores. Hammer says this new kind of collaboration promises to change the traditional vocabulary of corporate relationships. What if you and I sell different products to the same customer? We're not competitors, but what are we? In the past, we didn't care. Now, we should, the author says. PMID:11550633

Hammer, M

2001-09-01

316

Learning from California`s QF auction  

SciTech Connect

California`s 1993 qualifying facility (QF) auction dramatically illustrates problems that can be encountered in structuring auctions for electric utility solicitations of supply-side resources from qualifying cogeneration and small power production facilities. In the 1993 California QF auction, three California utilities were to select QFs that would be awarded long-term purchased-power contracts. The auction produced some unexpected outcomes that could potentially cost the utilities and their customers tens of millions of dollars per year. A year after the auction was held, the parties were still attempting to revise contracts, or even rebid a portion of the auction. And all of this effort may come to naught, depending upon what happens now that the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission has struck down the auction process under California`s Biennial Resource Plan Update, claiming that it violates the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) by using an improper method to calculate avoided costs. A study of the California QF auction illustrates yet again that the devil is in the details. And the stakes will only rise farther as regulators in other states rely more on auctions to open up the electric industry to further competition.

Gribik, P.

1995-04-15

317

Comparing the risk profiles of renewable and natural gas electricity contracts: A summary of the California Department of Water Resources contracts  

SciTech Connect

Electricity markets in the United States have witnessed unprecedented instability over the last few years, with substantial volatility in wholesale market prices, significant financial distress among major industry organizations, and unprecedented legal, regulatory and legislative activity. These events demonstrate the considerable risks that exist in the electricity industry. Recent industry instability also illustrates the need for thoughtful resource planning to balance the cost, reliability, and risk of the electricity supplied to end-use customers. In balancing different supply options, utilities, regulators, and other resource planners must consider the unique risk profiles of each generating source. This paper evaluates the relative risk profiles of renewable and natural gas generating plants. The risks that exist in the electricity industry depend in part on the technologies that are used to generate electricity. Natural gas has become the fuel of choice for new power plant additions in the United States. To some, this emphasis on a single fuel source signals the potential for increased risk. Renewable generation sources, on the other hand, are frequently cited as a potent source of socially beneficial risk reduction relative to natural gas-fired generation. Renewable generation is not risk free, however, and also imposes certain costs on the electricity sector. This paper specifically compares the allocation and mitigation of risks in long-term natural gas-fired electricity contracts with the allocation and mitigation of these same risks in long-term renewable energy contracts. This comparison highlights some of the key differences between renewable and natural gas generation that decision makers should consider when making electricity investment and contracting decisions. Our assessment is relevant in both regulated and restructured markets. In still-regulated markets, the audience for this report clearly includes regulators and the utilities they regulate. In restructured markets, the role of regulatory oversight of resource planning is more limited. Nonetheless, even in restructured markets, it is increasingly recognized that regulators have a critical role to play in directing the resource planning of providers of last resort--electric suppliers that provide service to those customers who choose not to switch to a competitive supplier. Our review of electricity contracts may also have educational value for those unfamiliar with the typical contents of these agreements. Details of our findings are provided in the body of the paper, but this summary is written to provide a concise alternative to reading the full report.

Bachrach, Devra; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Golove, William

2003-03-12

318

Fluid-inclusion gas composition from an active magmatic-hydrothermal system: a case study of The Geysers, California geothermal field  

SciTech Connect

Hydrothermal alteration and the active vapor-dominated geothermal system at The Geysers, CA are related to a composite hypabyssal granitic pluton emplaced beneath the field 1.1 to 1.2 million years ago. Deep drill holes provide a complete transect across the thermal system and samples of the modem-day steam. The hydrothermal system was liquid-dominated prior to formation of the modem vapor-dominated regime at 0.25 to 0.28 Ma. Maximum temperatures and salinities ranged from 440 C and 44 wt. percent NaCl equivalent in the biotite hornfels adjacent to the pluton to 305 C and 5 wt. percent NaCl equivalent at distances of 1730 m from the intrusive contact. The major, minor, and noble gas compositions of fluid inclusions in the hydrothermally altered rocks were integrated with microthermometric and mineralogic data to determine their sources and the effects of mixing and boiling. Major and minor gaseous species were released from the inclusions by crushing or thermal decrepitation; noble gases were released by crushing. The samples were analyzed by mass spectrometry. The analyses document the presence of magmatic, crustal, and meteoric components in the trapped fluids. Hydrothermal fluids present during the liquid-dominated phase of the system contained gaseous species derived mainly from crustal and magmatic sources. At The Geysers, N-2/Ar ratios greater than 525 and He-3/He-4 ratios of 6-10.7 Ra are diagnostic of a magmatic component. Crustal gas has CO2/CH4 ratios less than 4, N-2/Ar ratios between 45 and 525, and low 3He/4He ratios (0.5 Ra). Meteoric fluids have CO2/CH4 ratios greater than 4 and N2/Ar ratios between 38 (air-saturated water) and 84 (air). However, N-2/Ar ratios between 15 and 110 can result from boiling. Ratios less than 15 reflect the incorporation of N-2 into NH3-bearing clay minerals. In the central Geysers, the incursion of meteoric fluids occurred during the transition from the liquid- to vapor-dominated regime. Variations in the relative CH4, CO2, and H-2 contents of the gas analyses demonstrate that boiling took place under open-system conditions. The gas data indicate that the inclusions have remained closed to the diffusion of He and H-2 since their formation.

Moore, Joseph N.; Norman, David I.; Kennedy, B. Mack.

2001-03-01

319

78 FR 2952 - Foreign-Trade Zone 3-San Francisco, California; Application for Expansion and Expansion of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The applicant is also requesting authority to include an additional usage-driven site: Proposed Site 6 (15.5 acres)--Coda Automotive Company, 2050 Park Road, Benicia, California (Solano County). In accordance with the Board's...

2013-01-15

320

Market profile of the alternative energy industry in California  

SciTech Connect

Much of this industry's growth has occurred and will continue to occur in California. The state's commitment to a renewables future is a central element of its efforts to reduce its dependence on oil, seek financial and economic stability, achieve favorable standards of environmental quality, and bolster employment through development of the state's indigenous labor-intensive alternative energy resources. This paper explores why electric utilities in California are turning to short lead time energy technologies to satisfy electricity needs. It also presents a market profile of the alternative energy industry in California. The alternative industry growth rate is contrasted to the national average. Progress in the construction of cogeneration, biomass, wind, and photovoltaic electric system is discussed along with an update of avoided cost contracts that have been signed by third parties with California utility companies. Finally, prospects for continuing growth in each technology are assessed. 6 references, 3 figures, 1 table.

Not Available

1986-01-01

321

Company Town Shutdown.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Saltville, Virginia, is a former company town whose main employer, a soda ash plant, shut down on July 1, 1971. The closure of the chemical plant displaced 700 workers, and created a crisis that threatened not only the existence of the town, but of the entire region. In response, Virginia Highlands Community College (VHCC), in cooperation with the

Turnage, Martha A.

322

77 FR 63806 - Southern LNG Company, L.L.C.; Application for Long-Term Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...connects with interstate pipelines of Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company...pricing. Navigant's analysis also assumed the existence...increase in natural gas demand due to the use...nationally integrated gas pipeline grid, and will...

2012-10-17

323

Measurements of organic molecular markers in California using comprehensive 2-Dimensional Gas Chromatograph High-Resolution Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (GCxGC-HRTOF-MS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding the sources and transformation processes of organic aerosol requires detailed speciation of organic compounds. Molecular markers specific to individual sources help determine the contribution of each source to organic aerosol emissions. In previous work using one-dimensional gas-chromatograph mass spectrometry (GC/MS), less than 10-20% of the organic fraction has been identified, with a large contribution of unresolved complex mixture (UCM). Two-dimensional gas-chromatograph is a novel technique which provides excellent resolution to separate compounds buried in this complex mixture. In addition to a volatility-based chromatographic separation, compounds are further separated on a second column based on their polarities. Here we report measurements of more than 200 resolved compounds observed on filters collected during CalNex 2010 in Bakersfield and Pasadena, and during a large biomass burning event in the Los Angeles area (Station Fire). High volume filter samples are thermally desorbed in a Gerstel Thermal Desorption System (TDS2) and preconcentrated on a cooled inlet (CIS). The compounds are then analyzed by comprehensive 2-dimensional GC using a Zoex modulator, followed by high-resolution mass spectrometry (Tofwerks). Compound identification is carried out by comparison of retention times with known standards, mass spectral library match, and identification of molecular fragments by exact mass. A wide range of compounds are observed: n-alkanes, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, and oxygenated compounds such as acids, esters and ketones. While levoglucosan was observed in organic aerosol produced during the Station Fire, many other compounds revealed by two-dimensional GC (such as resin acids, lignin pyrolysis products) show elevated signals, suggesting that other molecular markers can provide additional information about aerosol formation processes during biomass burning events.

Chan, A. W.; Isaacman, G. A.; Worton, D. R.; Kreisberg, N. M.; Schilling, K. A.; Craven, J. S.; Metcalf, A. R.; Hersey, S. P.; Rubitschun, C. L.; Lin, Y. H.; Offenberg, J. H.; Surratt, J. D.; Seinfeld, J.; Hering, S. V.; Goldstein, A. H.

2011-12-01

324

Status of Tampa Electric Company IGCC Project  

SciTech Connect

Tampa Electric Company will utilize Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle technology for its new Polk Power Station Unit [number sign]1. The project is partially funded under the Department of Energy Clean Coal Technology Program Round III. This paper describes the technology to be used, process details, demonstration of a new hot gas clean-up system, and the schedule, leading to commercial operation in July 1996.

Jenkins, S.D.

1992-01-01

325

Status of Tampa Electric Company IGCC Project  

SciTech Connect

Tampa Electric Company will utilize Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle technology for its new Polk Power Station Unit {number_sign}1. The project is partially funded under the Department of Energy Clean Coal Technology Program Round III. This paper describes the technology to be used, process details, demonstration of a new hot gas clean-up system, and the schedule, leading to commercial operation in July 1996.

Jenkins, S.D.

1992-10-01

326

Decreasing California Snowpack  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Approximately 40 percent of California's surface water supply originates from the snowpack in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. However, climate change is significantly altering this precious water source.

Kqed

2012-03-27

327

California Ocean Comminicators Alliance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NOAA National Marine Sanctuary Program and the State of California Resources Agency have recognized a need for a statewide public awareness campaign on ocean issues and have identified the California Ocean Communicators Alliance as the lead resource for helping design and launch the campaign. The goal of the campaign is to raise awareness of ocean issues throughout the State of California by targeting all Californians. The campaign will be launched during the California and the World Ocean 2006 Conference, September 17- 20, 2006. The California Ocean Communicators Alliance represents over 100 organizations and 200 communications professionals from ocean-related industries, research and education organizations, and agencies that work daily with ocean messages and communicate those messages to millions of Californians. The goal of the Ocean Communicators Alliance is to increase public ocean awareness in California by working together on message agreement, cooperation in communicating those messages, and projects geared towards raising public ocean awareness. The tools for bringing the alliance together are the California Ocean Communicators Newsletter and the California Ocean Communicators Workshops. This presentation will highlight the results of the workshops, including common messaging and developing the California Public Ocean Awareness Campaign.

Culberg, C.

2006-12-01

328

18 CFR 366.21 - Accounts and records of holding companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT BOOKS AND RECORDS Accounting and Recordkeeping Under PUHCA 2005, the Federal Power Act and the Natural Gas Act 366.21 Accounts and records of...

2010-04-01

329

Missouri Public Service Company, Clinton, Missouri, December 9, 1972.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes and analyzes a gas explosion and fire which occurred on December 9, 1972, in downtown Clinton, Mo. Gas had leaked into a building from a cracked cast-iron main located behind the building. Missouri Public Service Company personnel arr...

1974-01-01

330

Companies commit to emergency contraception -- have you?  

PubMed

Despite the efforts of the medical community, as well as promotional efforts by pharmaceutical companies, relatively few women in the US have heard of emergency contraceptives (ECs). Gynetics, marketer of Preven, plans to file a new drug application for a levonorgestrel EC by the end of 1999, with an anticipated approval in the second half of 2000. Women's Capital Corp., marketer of Plan B, is also aiming for a national commercial launch of its product. According to a recently published acceptability study, women will use ECs when they are made available. A survey among 235 women at 13 Kaiser Permanente medical offices in San Diego, California, regarding their experiences with ECs showed that 91% were satisfied with ECs, and 97% said they would use ECs for emergencies only--dispelling fears that women would forego use of ongoing contraception. About 70% of the women who participated in the study were using a contraceptive method when they requested ECs. PMID:12295558

1999-12-01

331

California energy flow in 1993  

SciTech Connect

Energy consumption in the state of California decreased about 3% in 1993 reflecting continuation of the recession that was manifest in a moribund construction industry and a high state unemployment that ran counter to national recovery trends. Residential/commercial use decreased slightly reflecting a mild winter in the populous southern portion of the state, a decrease that was offset to some extent by an increase in the state population. Industrial consumption of purchased energy declined substantially as did production of self-generated electricity for in-house use. Consumption in the transportation sector decreased slightly. The amount of power transmitted by the utilities was at 1992 levels; however a smaller proportion was produced by the utilities themselves. Generation of electricity by nonutilities, primarily cogenerators and small power producers, was the largest of any state in the US. The growth in the number of private power producers combined with increased amounts of electricity sold to the public utilities set the stage for the sweeping proposals before the California Public Utility Commission to permit direct sales from the nonutilities to retail customers. California production of both oil and natural gas declined; however, to meet demand only the imports of natural gas increased. A break in the decade-long drought during the 1992--1993 season resulted in a substantial increase in the amount of hydroelectricity generated during the year. Geothermal energy`s contribution increased substantially because of the development of new resources by small power producers. Decline in steam production continued at The Geysers, the state`s largest field, principally owned and managed by a public utility. Increases in windpower constituted 1--1/2% of the total electric supply--up slightly from 1992. Several solar photo voltaic demonstration plants were in operation, but their contribution remained small.

Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

1995-04-01

332

23. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 3. United Engineering Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 3. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plans, section, & detail. Alben Froberg, Architect, 3454 Harlan Street, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 3. Plan no. 10,525. Various scales. March 1, 1943, last revised 3/15/43. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76. Approved for construction October 9, 1943. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Engineering Building, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

333

22. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 2. United Engineering Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

22. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 2. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plans, section, & detail. Alben Froberg, Architect, 3454 Harlan Street, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 2. Plan no. 10,525. Various scales. March 1, 1942, last revised 3/15/43. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76. Approved for construction October 9, 1943. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Engineering Building, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

334

Gas Analysis Modeling System, 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Gas Analysis Modeling System (GAMS) covers all aspects of the natural gas market, from producers through pipeline companies and distributors, to the consumer. GAMS encompasses regional drilling activity levels subject to the availability of rigs and o...

1991-01-01

335

Determining gas-meter accuracy  

SciTech Connect

This article describes how engineers at the Metering Research Facility are helping natural-gas companies improve pipeline efficiency by evaluating and refining the instruments used for measuring and setting prices. Accurate metering of natural gas is more important than ever as deregulation subjects pipeline companies to competition. To help improve that accuracy, the Gas Research Institute (GRI) in Chicago has sponsored the Metering Research Facility (MRF) at the Southwest Research Institute (SWRI) in San Antonio, Tex. The MRF evaluates and improves the performance of orifice, turbine, diaphragm, and ultrasonic meters as well as the gas-sampling methods that pipeline companies use to measure the flow of gas and determine its price.

Valenti, M.

1997-03-01

336

A Monte Carlo simulation method for the assessment of undiscovered, conventional oil and gas: Chapter 26 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey has developed two Monte Carlo programs for assessment of undiscovered conventional oil and gas resources. EMCEE (for Energy Monte Carlo) and Emc2 (for Energy Monte Carlo program 2) are programs that calculate probabilistic estimates of undiscovered resources based on input distributions for numbers and sizes of undiscovered fields. Emc2 uses specific types of distributions for the input, whereas EMCEE allows greater flexibility of the input distribution types.

Charpentier, Ronald R.; Klett, T.R.

2007-01-01

337

Smart customers, dumb companies.  

PubMed

Customers today are being bombarded with an overwhelming array of choices. To alleviate customer frustration, say Steven Cristol and Peter Sealey in Simplicity Marketing, companies should stop creating new brands and product extensions. Better to consolidate product and service functions by following a four R approach: replace, repackage, reposition, and replenish. That's an outmoded, dictatorial view of markets, says Christopher Locke. Far from being stymied by choices, customers are rapidly becoming smarter than the companies that pretend to serve them. In this networked economy, people are talking among themselves, and that changes everything. Locke predicts we'll see a growing number of well-defined micromarkets--groups of customers converging in real time around entertaining and knowledgeable voices--such as NPR's car guys and the Motley Fool investment site. "Micromedia" Web sites will replace traditional advertising because they'll provide credible user-supplied news about products and services. Locke contends that an open exchange of information solves the "problem" of choice much better than manipulative strategies like simplicity or even permission marketing. Companies can participate in micromarkets through what Locke dubs "gonzo marketing." If Ford, for example, discovers that a subset of its employees are organic gardeners, it may offer support to a big independent organic-gardening Web site with donations and employee volunteers. This marketing effort would be driven not by advertising managers but by people with genuine interest in each micromarket, so it would have credibility with customers. With gonzo marketing, both companies and their markets will benefit. PMID:11184973

Locke, C

2000-01-01

338

Survey of potential geopressured resource areas in California. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the initial results of a survey of the occurrence and characteristics of geopressured fluid resources in California using the publicly- available database involving more than 150,000 oil and gas wells drilled in the State. Of the 975 documented on-shore oil and gas pools studied, about 42% were identified as potentially geopressured. Geothermal gradients in California oil and gas fields lie within the normal range of 1 F to 2 F per 100 feet. Except for the Los Angeles Basin, there was no evidence of higher temperatures or temperature gradients in geopressured pools.

Sanyal, S.K.; Robertson-Tait, A.; Kraemer, M.; Buening, N.

1993-03-01

339

Assessment of Nitrous Oxide Emissions in California's Dairy Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The greenhouse gas (GHG) nitrous oxide (N2O) is produced by soil microorganisms. Nitrogen (N) inputs, soil moisture and carbon stimulate the production of this gas, which accounts for about one third of all GHGs from Californias agriculture sector. Nitrog...

M. Burger S. Pettygrove W. R. Horwath

2013-01-01

340

The Archaeology of California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stimulated by several important, recent empirical advances, California archaeologists are engaged in a series of lively debates. These advances include new discoveries about the early peopling of western North America and sustained occupation of the California coasts as early as 1213,000 BP. There also have been significant new developments in the role of paleoenvironmental change in cultural evolution, the emergence

Jeanne E. Arnold; Michael R. Walsh; Sandra E. Hollimon

2004-01-01

341

California: Library Information Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes six information technology projects in California libraries, including Internet access in public libraries; digital library developments at the University of California, Berkeley; the World Wide Web home page for the state library; Pacific Bell's role in statewide connectivity; state government initiatives; and services of the state

Will, Barbara, Ed.

1996-01-01

342

Geology of California  

SciTech Connect

This book reviews some of the basic principles of geology and includes a chapter on the Klamath Mountains. Chapters cover the geologic history of California and the geologic features of the various deserts, mountain ranges, plateaus, basins, and valleys of the state, including offshore geology and the San Andreas fault. The authors discuss exotic and suspect terranes, and current theories concerning California geology.

Norris, R.M.; Webb, R.W.

1990-01-01

343

How California Ranks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public education supports California's economic growth and creates opportunities for the state's youth. Given that, it is important for Californians to understand how much the state is investing in its schools and how that money is being spent. Comparing California with the nation and other similar states can provide a useful perspective in

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

344

Minerals Yearbook, 1992: California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

California ranked third in the Nation in total value of nonfuel mineral production in 1992. Reported production valued at $2,345,838,000 was 7.33% of the U.S. total. The value of the commodities produced in California during the year decreased about 7.5% ...

F. V. Carrillo J. F. Davis J. T. Alfors

1994-01-01

345

Environmental Assessment and Finding of No Significant Impact: Presidential Permit Applications for Baja California Power, Inc. and Sempra Energy Resources  

SciTech Connect

In separate actions, Sempra Energy Resources (SER) and Baja California Power, Inc. (BCP) have applied to the US Department of Energy (DOE) for Presidential permits pursuant to Executive Order (EO) No. 10485, as amended by EO 12038, and 10 CFR Section 205.320 et seq. (2000), to construct, operate, maintain, and connect electric power transmission facilities crossing the international border between the Us and Mexico. SER and BCP each propose constructing separate new double-circuit, 230,000 volt (230 kV) transmission lines extending about six miles south from the Imperial Valley Substation (IV Substation), owned and operated by San Diego Gas and Electric Company (SDG and E), to the US/Mexico international border. In each case, the objective is to connect the proposed transmission lines to natural gas fueled electric generating plants being constructed in Mexico for the purpose of importing electrical power into the US onto the southern California electrical grid. The proposed transmission lines would traverse about six miles of federal land administered by the US Department of the Interior's Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

N /A

2001-12-05

346

Bioremediation companies engineer new consortia  

SciTech Connect

Bioremediation companies face technical and legal hurdles, which may result in the amalgamation of smaller remedial action companies. New breakthroughs in genetic engineering promise to counteract the specificity problems of microbial consortia.

Johnson, E.

1996-07-01

347

Atmospheric modeling of the July 1991 metam sodium spill into California`s Upper Sacramento River  

SciTech Connect

The California Office of Emergency Services asked the Department of Energy`s Atmosphere Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to determine the maximum credible air concentrations from a spill of metam sodium into California`s Upper Sacramento River. About 19,000 gallons of metam sodium herbicide were spilled into the river approximately 3 miles north of Dunsmuir, California, due to a tank-car derailment on the night of July 14, 1991. The herbicide moved in the river toward the northernmost finger of California`s largest reservoir, Lake Shasta, 45 miles to the south. As it flowed down the deep canyon, the water-soluble metam sodium decomposed into hydrogen sulfide and methylamine gases. Residents along the river were advised to evacuate the area, and a 50-mile stretch of Interstate 5 was temporarily closed. Response officials were also concerned that sunlight would readily evaporate the enlarged slick once it arrived into the still water of Lake Shasta on July 16. On July 15, ARAC used its three-dimensional emergency response modeling system to determine the highest instantaneous and 8-hour average air concentrations of toxic gas by- products over upper Lake Shasta. A quick response was possible using on-line topographic and geographic data bases in combination with forecasted southwestern surface winds. The worst-case calculation showed that the gases would be well below any health hazard.

Baskett, R.L.; Nasstrom, J.S. [EG and G Energy Measurements, Inc., Pleasanton, CA (United States); Watkins, J.J. Jr. [California State Office of Emergency Services, Sacramento, CA (United States); Ellis, J.S.; Sullivan, T.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1992-03-05

348

Company Profile: Intramagnetics General Corporation  

SciTech Connect

Intramagnetics General Corporation was founded in 1971 as a spin-off from the General Electric Company (GE). IGC is a world leader in superconductivity technology and applications. The US Department of Energy called IGC the United States` top commercial source of low-temperature superconducting wire, and also noted the company`s superior performance in high-temperature superconducting wire. This article discusses the products of the company and its present/future plans. Organizational and commercial information is also presented.

NONE

1992-09-01

349

Emissions of organic carbon and methane from petroleum and dairy operations in California?s San Joaquin Valley  

EPA Science Inventory

Petroleum and dairy operations are prominent sources of gas-phase organic compounds in California's San Joaquin Valley. It is essential to understand the emissions and air quality impacts of these relatively understudied sources, especially for oil/gas operations in light of incr...

350

Multilingualism in Companies: An Introduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thematic collection of four papers explores a number of perspectives on companies in which multiple languages are used. The "organisational" perspective concerns the question of how the presence of or demand for multiple languages in the company is managed--how companies are guided by national and other policies in regard to the use

Sherman, Tamah; Strubell, Miquel

2013-01-01

351

Predicting Romanian Financial Distressed Companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study consisted in collecting financial information for a group of distressed and non-distressed Romanian listed companies during the period 20062008, in order to create early warning signals for financial distressed companies using the following methodologies: the Logistic and the Hazard model, the CHAID decision tree model and the Artificial Neural Network model (ANN). For each company a set of

Madalina Andreica

2009-01-01

352

Various roles among producers of natural gas. Occasional pub  

Microsoft Academic Search

Literature was reviewed to clarify the role of different types of companies in finding and producing gas. The paper addresses the types of gas producers and their distributions; the roles of different types of companies in finding new oil and new gas; the influence of downstream investment in oil refining, distribution and marketing on producing company activities; the relative significance

1985-01-01

353

California Industrial Energy Efficiency Potential  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an overview of the modeling approach andhighlights key findings of a California industrial energy efficiencypotential study. In addition to providing estimates of technical andeconomic potential, the study examines achievable program potential undervarious program-funding scenarios. The focus is on electricity andnatural gas savings for manufacturing in the service territories ofCalifornia's investor-owned utilities (IOUs). The assessment is conductedby industry type and by end use. Both crosscutting technologies andindustry-specific process measures are examined. Measure penetration intothe marketplace is modeled as a function of customer awareness, measurecost effectiveness, and perceived market barriers. Data for the studycomes from a variety of sources, including: utility billing records, theEnergy Information Association (EIA) Manufacturing Energy ConsumptionSurvey (MECS), state-sponsored avoided cost studies, energy efficiencyprogram filings, and technology savings and cost data developed throughLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL). The study identifies 1,706GWh and 47 Mth (million therms) per year of achievable potential over thenext twelve years under recent levels of program expenditures, accountingfor 5.2 percent of industrial electricity consumption and 1.3 percent ofindustrial natural gas consumption. These estimates grow to 2,748 GWh and192 Mth per year if all cost-effective and achievable opportunities arepursued. Key industrial electricity end uses, in terms of energy savingspotential, include compressed air and pumping systems that combine toaccount for about half of the total achievable potential estimates. Fornatural gas, savings are concentrated in the boiler and process heatingend uses, accounting for over 99 percent to total achievablepotential.

Coito, Fred; Worrell, Ernst; Price, Lynn; Masanet, Eric; RafaelFriedmann; Rufo, Mike

2005-06-01

354

Berkeley Pact with a Swiss Company Takes Technology Transfer to a New Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In search of increased support for graduate students in plant science and upgraded laboratories, the College of Plant and Microbial Biology, University of California Berkeley, offered the college's expertise in exchange for major financial backing from the single company making the best offer. The resulting five-year, $25-million alliance with one

Blumenstyk, Goldie

1998-01-01

355

Sonoma State Hospital, Eldridge, California, geothermal-heating system: conceptual design and economic feasibility report  

SciTech Connect

The Sonoma State Mental Hospital, located in Eldridge, California, is presently equipped with a central gas-fired steam system that meets the space heating, domestic hot water, and other heating needs of the hospital. This system is a major consumer of natural gas - estimated at 259,994,000 cubic feet per year under average conditions. At the 1981 unit gas rate of $0.4608 per therm, an average of $1,258,000 per year is required to operate the steam heating system. The hospital is located in an area with considerable geothermal resources as evidenced by a number of nearby hot springs resorts. A private developer is currently investigating the feasibility of utilizing geothermally heated steam to generate electricity for sale to the Pacific Gas and Electric Company. The developer has proposed to sell the byproduct condensed steam to the hospital, which would use the heat energy remaining in the condensate for its own heating needs and thereby reduce the fossil fuel energy demand of the existing steam heating system. The geothermal heating system developed is capable of displacing an estimated 70 percent of the existing natural gas consumption of the steam heating system. Construction of the geothermal fluid distribution and collection system and the retrofits required within the buildings are estimated to cost $1,777,000. Annual expenses (operation and maintenance, insurance, and geothermal fluid purchase) have been estimated to be $40,380 per year in 1981 dollars. The proposed geothermal heating system could then be completely paid for in 32 months by the savings in natural gas purchases that would result.

Not Available

1982-02-01

356

California History Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Historical Society's Website presents accessible, interesting, and well-designed scholarly and educational materials relating to California history. One interesting section, The California History Online Timeline, allows users to click on a timeline of images to access material on key events and time periods in California history. These include European exploration, the Spanish Colonial frontier, Mexican California, the Gold Rush, the impact of the railroad, economic growth at the turn of the century, and the Great Depression. Each section features a sidebar outline where visitors can break the exhibit down into its sub-sections to view text and images. For scholars and amateur historians of the state, the Society also offers the complete tables of contents for all the issues of California History from 1922 to 1998. The Society has begun to post full texts of the issues from 1950 to 1993, though this process seems to be in the earliest stages. Finally, the Website features a quarterly newsletter giving information about archived and upcoming exhibits, events around the state celebrating California history, and news about the Society's programs and acquisitions.

2001-01-01

357

California2100: Assessing California's Future Water Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a preliminary step in providing high resolution estimates of California's water budget out to the year 2100 (Cal21), several different climate change scenarios were analyzed based on results obtained with the widely used regional model MM5. The results of the primary experiment, in which all present day irrigated and urban areas are replaced by scrub land, indicate that the

Bryan C. Weare

358

Company profile: PGXIS Ltd.  

PubMed

Pharmacogenomic Innovative Solutions Ltd (PGXIS) was established in 2007 by a group of pharmacogenomic (PGx) experts to make their expertise available to biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies. PGXIS has subsequently established a network of experts to broaden its access to relevant PGx knowledge and technologies. In addition, it has developed a novel multivariate analysis method called Taxonomy3 which is both a data integration tool and a targeting tool. Together with siRNA methodology from CytoPathfinder Inc., PGXIS now has an extensive range of diverse PGx methodologies focused on enhancing drug development. PMID:21919604

McCarthy, Alun

2011-09-01

359

46 CFR 15.1010 - California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Gas and Electric, Encina Power Plant, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at latitude 33...Company, Huntington Beach Marine Terminal, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at latitude...Chevron USA, El Segundo Marine Terminal, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at...

2013-10-01

360

Question 2: Gas procurement strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a collection of responses from natural gas distribution company representatives to questions on how the start-up of the natural gas futures market has changed gas procurement strategies, identification of procurement problems related to pipeline capacity, deliverability, or pregranted abandonment of firm transportation, the competition of separate utility subsidiaries with brokers, marketers, and other gas suppliers who sell

J. A. Carrigg; J. R. Crespo; E. B. Jr. Davis; R. D. Farman; R. C. Jr. Green; R. W. Hale; J. J. Howard; W. T. Jr. McCormick; T. A. Page; W. F. Ryan; T. F. Schrader; J. A. Schuchart; J. F. Smith; R. D. Stys; J. A. Thorpe

1990-01-01

361

California Wind Energy Resource.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The size of the wind energy resource for California is estimated by several methods and found to be large relative to the current state electrical consumption. Centralized and dispersed systems for utilizing large amounts of wind energy are compared. (ERA...

J. H. Klems

1977-01-01

362

Fuels. (California Energy Commission).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Fuels Report is prepared in response to legislative requirements specified in Public Resources Code Section 25310(a). The statute calls for the California Energy Commission to submit to the Governor and Legislature a comprehensive report describing em...

1994-01-01

363

Guide to the McMillan-Wreden California Condor Collection, 1953  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contains correspondence between naturalist and environmental activist Ian McMillan and rare book dealer and rancher William P. Wreden and other conservationists and government officials on the conservation of the California condor. Wreden owned the Pinole Land and Cattle Company near McMillans ranch in eastern San Luis Obispo County. The two men corresponded on environmental advocacy efforts on behalf of California

Nancy E. Loe

2008-01-01

364

California Energy Commission  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website features information on policy, energy use, research, and special initiatives from California. Topics linked from the site include the Bioenergy Action Plan, the California Solar Initiative, climate change reports, the 2005 Integrated Energy Policy Report, and energy statistics. Also available here is Energy Quest, an opportunity for kids to learn about energy, plus the Consumer Energy Center, a source for consumer information on energy efficiency, energy rebates, transportation and renewable energy.

Commission, California E.; California, State O.

365

Baja California, Mexico  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An interesting view down the axis of Baja California, Mexico (26.5N, 113.0W). At the center of the Scene is Laguna Ojo de Liebre (Bay of Whales) which is a breeding area for the Pacific Grey Whale. The Sea of Cortez, also known as the Gulf of California, is to the left and the Pacific Ocean is to the right.

1981-01-01

366

Health care automation companies.  

PubMed

Health care automation companies: card transaction processing/EFT/EDI-capable banks; claims auditing/analysis; claims processors/clearinghouses; coding products/services; computer hardware; computer networking/LAN/WAN; consultants; data processing/outsourcing; digital dictation/transcription; document imaging/optical disk storage; executive information systems; health information networks; hospital/health care information systems; interface engines; laboratory information systems; managed care information systems; patient identification/credit cards; pharmacy information systems; POS terminals; radiology information systems; software--claims related/computer-based patient records/home health care/materials management/supply ordering/physician practice management/translation/utilization review/outcomes; telecommunications products/services; telemedicine/teleradiology; value-added networks. PMID:10153839

1995-12-01

367

Multi-Use Geothermal Energy System with Augmentation for Enhanced Utilization. Non-Electric Application of Geothermal Energy in Susanville, California. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Aeroject Energy Conversion Company has completed a site specific engineering and economic study of multi-use, augmented geothermal space/water heating and cooling systems in cooperation with the City of Susanville, California. The overall benefits to the ...

G. K. Olsonn D. L. Benner-Drury G. R. Cunnington

1979-01-01

368

Hedging gas bills with weather derivatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Natural gas company managers concerned with customer satisfaction attempt to minimize the occurrence of extreme bills. Previously,\\u000a only price fluctuations were addressed with derivative instruments; exchange-traded weather derivatives present a means of\\u000a hedging exposure to increases in quantity of gas demanded during colder than expected winter months. We model a natural gas\\u000a companys ability to adjust for consumer sensitivity and

Karyl B. Leggio; Donald Lien

2002-01-01

369

Lean Implementation in Service Companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Service companies have been implementing Lean only in recent years. In this research three third party logistic companies\\u000a and seven companies of the financial sector have been thoroughly interviewed and showed a few interesting aspects on the way\\u000a they implemented Lean. They are implementing Lean in high volume low variety processes and focus on back office activities,\\u000a which are most

Alberto Portioli-Staudacher

2009-01-01

370

Tests to produce and recover carbon dioxide by burning coal in oxygen and recycled flue gas: Black Hills Power and Light Company Customer Service Center Boiler No. 2, Rapid City, South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

Experiments were conducted using a modified stoker-fired boiler (2.2 x 10/sup 6/ Btu/h) instrumented to examine the feasibility of producing and recovering carbon dioxide by burning coal in oxygen and recycled flue gas in a utility environment. The tests demonstrated that the boiler can be operated in the oxygen-blown/flue-gas-recirculation mode without any noticeable effects on coal combustion, heat delivery to the water, or the coal-feed or ash-handling systems. Pretest calculations showed that a feasible set of operating parameters for a carbon-dioxide-producing combustor system tightly sealed against air infiltration and containing no more than about 5% O/sub 2/ (dry basis) at the furnace exit would be a flue-gas recycling ratio between 0.6 and 0.7 and an oxygen feed rate of 1.17 g-moles per g-atom of carbon, yielding an exhaust gas composition (wet basis) of approximately 46.9% CO/sub 2/, 50.6% H/sub 2/O, and 2.5% O/sub 2/. This composition corresponds to a product gas containing 95% CO/sub 2/ and 5% O/sub 2/ (dry basis). However, because air leaked into the test combustor and the flue-gas handling system, the highest carbon dioxide concentration achieved in the exhaust gas was 48.5% (dry basis). Major sources of inleakage were the furnace brickwork, the gas-handling system, and the coal-feed and ash-extraction systems. 40 figs.

Kumar, R.; Fuller, T.; Kocourek, R.; Teats, G.; Young, J.; Myles, K.; Wolsky, A.

1987-12-01

371

Tests to produce and recover carbon dioxide by burning coal in oxygen and recycled flue gas: Black Hills Power and Light Company Customer Service Center Boiler No. 2, Rapid City, South Dakota  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiments were conducted using a modified stoker-fired boiler (2.2 x 10 Btu\\/h) instrumented to examine the feasibility of producing and recovering carbon dioxide by burning coal in oxygen and recycled flue gas in a utility environment. The tests demonstrated that the boiler can be operated in the oxygen-blown\\/flue-gas-recirculation mode without any noticeable effects on coal combustion, heat delivery to the

R. Kumar; T. Fuller; R. Kocourek; G. Teats; J. Young; K. Myles; A. Wolsky

1987-01-01

372

The Full Cost of Renewables: Managing Wind Integration Costs in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wind power will be an important component of California's aggressive strategies to meet its greenhouse gas reduction targets by the year 2020. However, the costs of integrating wind power's variable and uncertain output are often ignored. I argue that California must take prudent action to understand, minimize, and allocate wind integration costs. A review of numerous studies suggests that for

William Savage

2012-01-01

373

Marketing orientation and company performance: Industrial vs. consumer goods companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marketing orientation, still an intriguing concept for many, carries the pledge of superior company performance through the satisfaction of customer's needs. This article draws conclusions from an empirical investigation showing that this relationship does really exist and, in the case of industrial markets, building a marketing orientation it is indeed a significant contributor to the company's performance.

George J. Avlonitis; Spiros P. Gounaris

1997-01-01

374

21. Photocopy of photograph (from California State Library, Sacramento, California, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. Photocopy of photograph (from California State Library, Sacramento, California, c. 1903) EXTERIOR, SOUTH FRONT & WEST SIDE OF MISSION IN RUINOUS STATE BEFORE RESTORATION, C. 1903 - Mission San Francisco Solano de Sonoma, First & Spain Streets, Sonoma, Sonoma County, CA

375

23. Photocopy of photograph (from California State Library, Sacramento, California, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. Photocopy of photograph (from California State Library, Sacramento, California, C. 1909) EXTERIOR, VIEW OF SOUTH FRONT OF CONVENTO IN RUINS, C. 1909 - Mission San Francisco Solano de Sonoma, First & Spain Streets, Sonoma, Sonoma County, CA

376

17. Photocopy of photograph (from California State Library, Sacramento, California, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. Photocopy of photograph (from California State Library, Sacramento, California, c. 1890) EXTERIOR, REAR VIEW OF MISSION, C. 1890 - Mission San Francisco Solano de Sonoma, First & Spain Streets, Sonoma, Sonoma County, CA

377

4. Historic American Buildings Survey California State Library Sacramento, California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic American Buildings Survey California State Library Sacramento, California Photo Taken: 1860 Re-photo: March 1940 EAST FRONT - CENTRAL SECTION - Custom House, Custom House Plaza, Monterey, Monterey County, CA

378

76 FR 67759 - Notice on Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sales  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corporation ExxonMobil Exploration Company Group II Shell Oil Company Shell Offshore Inc. SWEPI LP Shell Frontier Oil & Gas Inc. SOI Finance Inc. Shell Gulf of Mexico Inc. Group III BP America Production Company BP Exploration & Production Inc. BP...

2011-11-02

379

77 FR 24980 - Notice on Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sales  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corporation ExxonMobil Exploration Company Group II. Shell Oil Company Shell Offshore Inc. SWEPI LP Shell Frontier Oil & Gas Inc. SOI Finance Inc. Shell Gulf of Mexico Inc. Group III. BP America Production Company BP Exploration & Production Inc. BP...

2012-04-26

380

76 FR 28449 - Notice on Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sales  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ExxonMobil Exploration Company. Group II. Shell Oil Company, Shell Offshore Inc., SWEPI LP, Shell Frontier Oil & Gas Inc., SOI Finance Inc., Shell Gulf of Mexico Inc. Group III. BP America Production Company, BP Exploration & Production Inc.,...

2011-05-17

381

77 FR 64826 - Notice on Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sales  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corporation ExxonMobil Exploration Company Group II. Shell Oil Company Shell Offshore Inc. SWEPI LP Shell Frontier Oil & Gas Inc. SOI Finance Inc. Shell Gulf of Mexico Inc. Group III. BP America Production Company BP Exploration & Production Inc. BP...

2012-10-23

382

Characterization of the Hosgri Fault Zone and Adjacent Structures in the Offshore Santa Maria Basin, South-Central California. Chapter CC of 'Evolution of Sedimentary Basins/Onshore Oil and Gas Investigations, Santa Maria Province'.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Hosgri Fault Zone trends subparallel to the south-central California coast for 110 km from north of Point Estero to south of Purisima Point and forms the eastern margin of the present offshore Santa Maria Basin. Knowledge of the attributes of the Hosg...

C. R. Willingham, J. D. Rietman, R. G. Heck, W. R. Lettis

2013-01-01

383

Pacific OCS (Outer Continental Shelf) Region Information Transfer Meeting Conference Proceedings (4th), Offshore Oil and Gas: Risks and Benefits. Held in Santa Barbara, California on May 31-June 1, 1989.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report documents the proceedings of the Fourth Pacific OCS Region's Information Transfer Meeting (ITM) held on 31 May and 1 June 1989 in Santa Barbara, California, sponsored by the U.S. Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service. The ITM ...

1989-01-01

384

Ancillary services market in California  

SciTech Connect

This report includes sections on the following topics: (1) California restructured electricity system overview; (2) Reliability criteria; (3) Design of the California ISO ancillary services market; (4) Operation of ancillary services markets; (5) Ancillary services markets redesign; and (6) Conclusions.

Gomez, T.; Marnay, C.; Siddiqui, A.; Liew, L.; Khavkin, M.

1999-07-01

385

California Policy Choices. Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

California Policy Choices is an annual, edited volume seeking to improve public policy choices made in California political systems. It does so not by advocating particular policy choices, but by analyzing the consequences of choices already made, by incr...

J. J. Kirlin D. R. Winkler

1984-01-01

386

Gas pipeline relief valves  

Microsoft Academic Search

A discussion of the increasing activity of natural gas pipeline companies in the analysis of the overpressure protection methods for complying with the provisions of Part 192, Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations ''Transportation of Natural and Other Gas by Pipelines; Minimum Federal Safety Standards'' and with the USAS B31.8 Code covers the basic requirements for protection against accidental overpressure

1974-01-01

387

Company profile: Complete Genomics Inc.  

PubMed

Complete Genomics Inc. is a life sciences company that focuses on complete human genome sequencing. It is taking a completely different approach to DNA sequencing than other companies in the industry. Rather than building a general-purpose platform for sequencing all organisms and all applications, it has focused on a single application - complete human genome sequencing. The company's Complete Genomics Analysis Platform (CGA Platform) comprises an integrated package of biochemistry, instrumentation and software that sequences human genomes at the highest quality, lowest cost and largest scale available. Complete Genomics offers a turnkey service that enables customers to outsource their human genome sequencing to the company's genome sequencing center in Mountain View, CA, USA. Customers send in their DNA samples, the company does all the library preparation, DNA sequencing, assembly and variant analysis, and customers receive research-ready data that they can use for biological discovery. PMID:21345140

Reid, Clifford

2011-02-01

388

California OCS Phase II Monitoring Program: Special Study on Sediment Transport and Bioturbation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The California Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Phase II Monitoring Program (CAMP) was a five-year, multidisciplinary monitoring study designed to monitor potential environmental changes resulting from oil and gas development in the Santa Maria Basin off the...

C. A. Butman, D. E. Drake, D. A. Cacchione, B. Butman

1992-01-01

389

California Sheet Music Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With oversight provided by Professor Mary Kay Duggan of the University of California at Berkeley, the California Sheet Music Project provides online access to some 2000 pieces of sheet music published in California between 1852 and 1900. The project was funded by the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services, and also contains interesting ephemera ranging from a music publisher's catalog from 1872, advertisements, and photographs. The entire database may be searched or browsed by image subject (from the frontispiece of each composition) or by the subject addressed by each piece of music. Some of the songs included in the archive deal with beggars ("Just One Penny to Buy Bread," babies ("Baby's Asleep"), and politicians ("Horace Greeley's Grand March"). Finally the site also has several musical performances of pieces from the collection for the listening pleasure of those compelled to visit this interesting tribute to the sheet music of the Golden State.

Duggan, Mary K.

390

California's potential volcanic hazards  

SciTech Connect

Although volcanic eruptions have occurred infrequently in California during the last few thousand years, the potential danger to life and property from volcanoes in the state is great enough to be of concern, according to a recent U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) publication. The 17-page bulletin, Potential Hazards from Future Volcanic Eruptions in California, gives a brief history of volcanic activity in California during the past 100,000 years, descriptions of the types of volcanoes in the state, the types of potentially hazardous volcanic events that could occur, and hazard-zonation maps and tables depicting six areas of the state where volcanic eruptions might occur. The six areas and brief descriptions of their past volcanic history and potential for future volcanic hazards are briefly summarized here.

Jorgenson, P. (Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (USA))

1989-01-01

391

California Digital Newspaper Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Golden State is well chronicled in this digital newspaper collection created by the University of California, Riverside. The offerings here include over 400,000 pages of significant California newspapers published from 1846 to 1922, including the first California newspaper, the Californian. First-time visitors can get started by looking over the Featured paper on the site's homepage. There are over two dozen titles, including the Amador Ledger, the Los Angeles Herald, and the Mariposa Gazette. Additionally, visitors can search by tags, dates, or publication using the site's search engine. Interested parties can also help out the project by adding corrections to the database. All visitors need to do is create a login and they can get started right away.

392

California Nio/Nia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present study shows the existence of intrinsic coastal air-sea coupled phenomenon in the coastal ocean off Baja California and California in boreal summer for the first time. It contributes significantly to the interannual sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies there. An initial decrease/increase in the equatorward alongshore surface winds weakens/strengthens the coastal upwelling and raises/lowers the coastal SSTs through oceanic mixed-layer processes. The resultant coastal warming/cooling, in turn, heats/cools the overlying atmosphere anomalously, decreases/increases the atmospheric pressure in the lower troposphere, generates an anomalous cross-shore pressure gradient, and thus reinforces or maintains the alongshore surface wind anomalies. The regional air-sea coupled phenomenon seems to be analogous to the well-known El Nio/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the tropical Pacific but with much smaller time and space scales, and may be referred to as California Nio/Nia in its intrinsic sense.

Yuan, Chaoxia; Yamagata, Toshio

2014-04-01

393

California's Future Carbon Flux  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The diversity of the climate and vegetation systems in the state of California provides a unique opportunity to study carton dioxide exchange between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere. In order to accurately calculate the carbon flux, this study couples the sophisticated analytical surface layer model ACASA (Advance Canopy-Atmosphere-Soil Algorithm, developed in the University of California, Davis) with the newest version of mesoscale model WRF (the Weather Research & Forecasting Model, developed by NCAR and several other agencies). As a multilayer, steady state model, ACASA incorporates higher-order representations of vertical temperature variations, CO2 concentration, radiation, wind speed, turbulent statistics, and plant physiology. The WRF-ACASA coupling is designed to identify how multiple environmental factors, in particularly climate variability, population density, and vegetation distribution, impact on future carbon cycle prediction across a wide geographical range such as in California.

Xu, L.; Pyles, R. D.; Paw U, K.; Gertz, M.

2008-12-01

394

California Department of Transportation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Department of Transportation (CALTRANS) manages over 50,000 miles of California's highway and freeway lanes, provides inter-city rail services, and also works on a host of other transportation initiatives. Visitors can dive right in via the Highlights section, which offers an overview of the California State Rail Plan, information about webinars, and links to long-term transit feasibility studies. Other sections of the site cover Travel, Business, Engineering, News, and Maps. This last area contains the QuickMap, which offers a real-time map of current traffic conditions, along with maps designed for truckers and motor home owners. The Engineering section contains information about ongoing projects, along with financial information and planning documents. Finally, the site includes a separate page about the Bay Bridge and links to press releases and video clips.

2013-08-12

395

How industry sees the future: transmission-and-distribution-company views  

Microsoft Academic Search

The gas-pipeline-and-distribution companies see the need for sensible regulatory policies that allow the industry to make a return on investment consistent with adequate and efficient service. Without financial integrity to maintain demand, the exploration and development of gas resources cannot continue. The author examines a recent American Gas Association (AGA) analysis in terms of the gas-supply, gas-pricing, and policy implications

1982-01-01

396

California Indian Food and Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This learning kit begins with a glossary of terms to help students learn about California Indians and their food. The kit explains that California Indians were the first people to live in the area now known as California, and that these tribes differed in the languages they spoke, the regions they lived in, and the foods that they ate. It explains

2001

397

California Climate Data Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Climate Data Archive website, a project of the Western Regional Climate Center, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, and the California Energy Commission, offers a variety of climate data, products, and forecasts. Users can view climate data by station locations or by data type. Researchers can find links and scientific articles of numerous climate research groups including the Climate Diagnostics Center (CDC), the Mountain Research Center, and the Livermore Lab Heat Island Group. The website offers archives of monthly climate articles and a series of climate maps.

398

Selling green power in California: Product, industry, and market trends  

SciTech Connect

As one of the first US stages to open its doors to retail electric competition, California offers an important opportunity to assess the effectiveness of green power marketing as a mechanism for supporting renewable energy. This report is an interim assessment of key green power product, industry, and market trends in California. The report identifies and analyzes: the potential size of the green power market in California; the companies participating in the green power market; the green power products being offered and their prices; the impact of the green market on renewable generators and the environment; and the influence of several public policies and non-governmental programs on the market for green power. Data used in this paper have been collected, in large part, from surveys and interviews with green power marketers that took place between December 1997 and April 1998. There remain legitimate concerns over the viability of green power marketing to support significant quantities of renewable energy and provide large environmental gains, and it is far too early to assess the overall strength of customer demand for renewable energy. A critical finding of this report is that, because of the high cost of acquiring and servicing residential customers and the low utility default service price, green power marketing affords new energy service providers one of the only viable entrees to California`s residential marketplace.

Wiser, R.H.; Pickle, S.J.

1998-05-01

399

Tests to Produce and Recover Carbon Dioxide by Burning Coal in Oxygen and Recycled Flue Gas: Black Hills Power and Light Company Customer Service Center Boiler No. 2, Rapid City, South Dakota.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Experiments were conducted using a modified stoker-fired boiler (2.2 x 10 sup 6 Btu/h) instrumented to examine the feasibility of producing and recovering carbon dioxide by burning coal in oxygen and recycled flue gas in a utility environment. The tests d...

R. Kumar T. Fuller R. Kocourek G. Teats J. Young

1987-01-01

400

U.S. Geological Survey input-data form and operational procedure for the assessment of conventional petroleum accumulations: Chapter 25 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey model for undiscovered conventional accumulations is designed to aid in the assessment of crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids (collectively called petroleum) resources. Conventional accumulations may be described in terms of discrete fields or pools localized in structural and stratigraphic traps by the buoyancy of oil or natural gas in water. Conventional accumulations are commonly bounded by a down-dip water contact. The assessment model requires estimates of the number and sizes of undiscovered conventional accumulations. Technically recoverable petroleum resources from undiscovered conventional accumulations are calculated by statistically combining probability distributions of the estimated number and sizes of undiscovered accumulations, along with associated risks and coproduct ratios. Probabilistic estimates of petroleum resources are given for oil in oil accumulations, gas (associated/dissolved) in oil accumulations, natural gas liquids in oil accumulations, gas (nonassociated) in gas accumulations, and total liquids (oil and natural gas liquids) in gas accumulations.

Klett, T.R.; Schmoker, James W.; Charpentier, Ronald R.

2007-01-01

401

Illuminating Northern Californias Active Faults  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Newly acquired light detection and ranging (lidar) topographic data provide a powerful community resource for the study of landforms associated with the plate boundary faults of northern California (Figure 1). In the spring of 2007, GeoEarthScope, a component of the EarthScope Facility construction project funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation, acquired approximately 2000 square kilometers of airborne lidar topographic data along major active fault zones of northern California. These data are now freely available in point cloud (x, y, z coordinate data for every laser return), digital elevation model (DEM), and KMZ (zipped Keyhole Markup Language, for use in Google EarthTM and other similar software) formats through the GEON OpenTopography Portal (http://www.OpenTopography.org/data). Importantly, vegetation can be digitally removed from lidar data, producing high-resolution images (0.5- or 1.0-meter DEMs) of the ground surface beneath forested regions that reveal landforms typically obscured by vegetation canopy (Figure 2)

Prentice, Carol S.;Crosby, Christopher J.; Whitehill, Caroline S.; Arrowsmith, J. Ramon; Furlong, Kevin P.; Philips, David A.

2009-01-01

402

CONFIRMATORY SURVEY RESULTS FOR PORTIONS OF THE MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT FROM UNITS 1 AND 2 AT THE HUMBOLDT BAY POWER PLANT, EUREKA, CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E) operated the Humboldt Bay Power Plant (HBPP) Unit 3 nuclear reactor near Eureka, California under Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) provisional license number DPR-7. HBPP Unit 3 achieved initial criticality in February 1963 and began commercial operations in August 1963. Unit 3 was a natural circulation boiling water reactor with a direct-cycle design. This design eliminated the need for heat transfer loops and large containment structures. Also, the pressure suppression containment design permitted below-ground construction. Stainless steel fuel claddings were used from startup until cladding failures resulted in plant system contaminationzircaloy-clad fuel was used exclusively starting in 1965 eliminating cladding-related contamination. A number of spills and gaseous releases were reported during operations resulting in a range of mitigative activities (see ESI 2008 for details).

W.C. Adams

2011-04-01

403

California Department of Water Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by the California Legislature in 1956, the California Department of Water Resources (DWR) was designed "to plan and guide" the development of the State's water resources. The site serves as an information hub covering recent news, state water projects, a listing of water conditions and reports, and monthly activity reports for the very curious. In addition to supplying general information on California's water resources, this site provides access to the CALFED Bay-Delta Program (CALFED), the California Data Exchange Center hydrologic data (CDEC), and the California Environmental Resources Evaluation System (CERES).

404

Emissions pathways, climate change, and impacts on California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Top Abstract Climate Projections Extreme Heat and Heat-Related... Impacts on Snowpack, Runoff,... Impacts on Agriculture and... Conclusions References The magnitude of future climate change depends substantially on the greenhouse gas emission pathways we choose. Here we explore the implications of the highest and lowest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change emissions pathways for climate change and associated impacts in California. Based

Claire K. Lunch; Ronald P. Neilson; Scott C. Sheridan; Julia H. Verville Cleland; Ray Drapek; R. Michael Hanemann; Laurence S. Kalkstein; James Lenihan; Norman L. Miller; Susanne C. Moser; Stephen H. Schneider; Kimberly Nicholas Cahill; Elsa E. Katharine Hayhoe; Daniel Cayan; Christopher B. Field; Peter C. Frumhoff; Edwin P. Maurer; Julia H. Verville

2006-01-01

405

Emissions pathways, climate change, and impacts on California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The magnitude of future climate change depends substantially on the greenhouse gas emission pathways we choose. Here we explore the implications of the highest and lowest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change emissions pathways for climate change and associated impacts in California. Based on climate projections from two state-of-the-art climate models with low and medium sensitivity (Parallel Climate Model and Hadley

Katharine Hayhoe; Daniel Cayan; Christopher B. Field; Peter C. Frumhoff; Edwin P. Maurer; Norman L. Miller; Susanne C. Moser; Stephen H. Schneider; Kimberly Nicholas Cahill; Elsa E. Cleland; Larry Dale; Ray Drapek; R. Michael Hanemann; Laurence S. Kalkstein; James Lenihan; Claire K. Lunch; Ronald P. Neilson; Scott C. Sheridan; Julia H. Verville

2004-01-01

406

Informing policy development for geologic carbon sequestration in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

In California, there have been numerous policy directives aimed at mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In 2005, Executive Order S-3-05 established three target reduction levels for GHG emissions for the state, most notably a return to 1990 levels by 2020 (codified into law by the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006) and a reduction to 80 percent below 1990 levels

Elizabeth A. Burton; Kelly Birkinshaw; Larry Myer; Richard Myhre; Mary Jane Coombs

2009-01-01

407

Photocopy of drawing located at National Archives, San Bruno. California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing located at National Archives, San Bruno. California (Navy #231-A-1). DEPT. PW US NAVY YARD MARE ISLAND CAL "STABLE - U.S. NAVY YARD MARE ISLAND CAL;" DECEMBER, 1917. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Transportation Building & Gas Station, Third Street, south side between Walnut Avenue & Cedar Avenue, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

408

Water requirements for future energy production in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

This assessment estimates the impact of future national energy development on water resources. Energy development would include various types of electric power plants, production of synthetic fuels, coal and uranium mining, oil and gas extraction, and other conversion processes. The Energy Analysis Program at LBL has conducted this analysis for its assigned region, the states of California and Nevada. The

J. A. Sathaye; R. L. Ritschard

1977-01-01

409

California Geological Survey - Landslides  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from the CA Geological Survey (CGS) presents information on landslides as well as maps and products of various past and present CGS programs to map and respond to landslides in the state of California, including the Forest and Watershed Geology Program, the Seismic Hazards Zonation Program, the Caltrans Highway Corridor Mapping project, and the Landslide Map Index.

Survey, California G.

410

Women of California.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication points out the achievements of women who contributed to the development and history of California from the 16th century, when the Spanish Conquistadores moved westward into the San Francisco Bay area, to the gold rush of 1848, and during the following period when women helped stabilize society on the rugged frontier. Women not

Gray, Harry

411

PLANT DERMATITIS IN CALIFORNIA  

PubMed Central

A number of plants indigenous to California can cause contact dermatitis similar to that caused by poison oakphilodendron, oleander, fig family, castor bean, chrysanthemum family, Chinese rice paper plant and several others. Patch testing can be used to prove a suspected diagnosis. In some occupations dermatitis from one or another of these agents is more or less common.

Dorsey, Clete S.

1962-01-01

412

Minerals Yearbook, 1991: California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report has been prepared under a Memorandum of Understanding between the U.S. Bureau of Mines, U.S. Department of the Interior, and the California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, for collecting information on all nonfuel min...

F. V. Carrillo J. F. Davis J. T. Alfors

1993-01-01

413

Minerals Yearbook, 1989: California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

California ranked second among the States in the value of nonfuel minerals produced in 1989, about 8.8% of the U.S. total. The value of the commodities produced in 1989 increased nearly 6% to $2.85 billion, continuing the steady growth in the State's mine...

F. V. Carrillo J. F. Davis J. L. Burnett

1989-01-01

414

California's Policy on \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Man creates law as an expression of the type of society he wants to establish and maintain. Societies, however, are not stagnant, unmoving entities. They growor atrophyand the perceived need for laws changes, the established policies feel the pull of alteration The marijuana laws in California are a good example of this change in that they have come nearly full

James Rettie

1978-01-01

415

What next for California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of Governor Jerry Brown on the solar industry in California is reviewed. It is pointed out that currently there are 7000 solar businesses; before Gov. Brown's administration there were virtually none. The effect of Gov. Brown's administration on the use of solar and renewable energy sources, as well as energy conservation are reviewed. Specific topics include: (1) political

Lang

1982-01-01

416

California's Perfect Storm  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States today faces an economic crisis worse than any since the Great Depression of the 1930s. Nowhere is it sharper than in the nation's schools. Last year, California saw a perfect storm of protest in virtually every part of its education system. K-12 teachers built coalitions with parents and students to fight for their jobs and their

Bacon, David

2010-01-01

417

California Sun Glint  

... power stations in California's Mohave Desert can reflect solar energy from their large, mirror-like surfaces directly toward one of the ... either oil-filled tubes or tall receiving towers to convert solar energy into heat. The plants were built during the 1980s and are still in ...

2013-04-18

418

Workforce Brief: California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In California, the nation's most populous state, the demand for well-educated employees will only increase over the next several years. In the decade leading up to 2012, healthcare occupations will see growth of 28 percent; over 157,000 new practitioners and technicians will be needed. Teachers will be in high demand: over a quarter million new

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2006

2006-01-01

419

California's Water Problems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet of instructional materials is designed to give social science students in grades 6-9 a first-hand experience in working out solutions to real-life problems involving the management of California's water. Students work in groups on one of three problems presented in the packet: (1) the management of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta that

Wheatley, Judy; Sudman, Rita Schmidt, Ed.

420

Oil and gas leases: should they be considered securities. Sheppard v. Boettcher and Company, Inc. , 613 F. Supp. 287 (D. Wyo. 1985), appeal docketed, No. 85-2235 (Aug. 16, 1985)  

SciTech Connect

Analysis of the Sheppard v. Boettcher and Co. suit over whether oil and gas leases should be considered securities concludes that Wyoming adopted the Uniform Securities Act to protect citizens against fraud. The reading given the Wyoming statute by the district court disregards the general purpose of the regulation and ignores the counsel of the US Supreme Court that courts should construe the details of an act in conformity with its dominating general purpose. By determining that interests in oil, gas, and mining leases are not securities, the district court leaves Wyoming standing alone against all other states and the federal government. Securities legislation is remedial in nature, and calls for a liberal interpretation.

Luthi, J.N.

1986-01-01

421

Solar water-heating performance evaluation-San Diego, California  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Report describes energy saved by replacing domestic, conventional natural gas heater with solar-energy subsystem in single-family residence near San Diego, California. Energy savings for 6 month test period averaged 1.089 million Btu. Collector array covered 65 square feet and supplied hot water to both 66-gallon solar storage tank and 40-gallon tank for domestic use. Natural gas supplied house's auxiliary energy.

1981-01-01

422

Natural Gas: Imports and Exports Fourth Quarter Report, 2007.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Oil and Gas Global Security and Supply, Office of Natural Gas Regulatory Activities prepares quarterly reports showing natural gas import and export activity. Companies are required, as a condition of their authorizations, to file quarterly ...

2007-01-01

423

75 FR 22689 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Regent Insurance Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Regent Insurance Company AGENCY: Financial Management...C. 9305 to the following company: Regent Insurance Company (NAIC 24449...www.fms.treas.gov/c570. Questions concerning this Notice may be...

2010-04-29

424

78 FR 35360 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Terminations-American Economy Insurance Company...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Terminations-- American Economy Insurance Company (NAIC 19690); American States Insurance Company (NAIC 19704); General Insurance Company of...

2013-06-12

425

75 FR 61246 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Darwin National Assurance Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Fiscal Service Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Darwin National Assurance Company AGENCY: Financial Management Service...issued under 31 U.S.C. 9305 to the following company: Darwin National Assurance Company (NAIC 16624). Business...

2010-10-04

426

75 FR 60865 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Allied World Reinsurance Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Allied World Reinsurance Company AGENCY: Financial...9305 to the following company: Allied World Reinsurance Company (NAIC 22730). Business Address: 199 Water Street, New York, NY 10038....

2010-10-01

427

18 CFR 367.2 - Companies for which this system of accounts is prescribed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE...of this chapter, this Uniform System of Accounts applies to any centralized...company system. (b) This Uniform System of Accounts is not applicable...

2010-04-01

428

Many Community Colleges in California Are Playing Catch-Up in Computing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In California, home of many computer companies, community colleges are having difficulty acquiring computers and training faculty to use them. Observers are concerned that high-technology jobs, vital to the state's economy, may have to be filled from out of state. However, level of technology varies widely by institution, and a few offer

Young, Jeffrey R.

1997-01-01

429

Industrial Hygiene Walk-Through Report, Standard Industrial Minerals, Laws Mill, Bishop, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A walk-through survey was conducted at the Standard Industrial Minerals Company (SIC-1499), Laws Mill, Bishop, California to gather data to characterize talc (19807966) composition in the United States. The mill processed talc and kaolin from their own mi...

H. R. Ludwig T. E. Sandusky

1976-01-01

430

Results of Air Samples at Certain-Teed Products, Santa Clara, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Worker exposures to asbestos were surveyed at a company in Santa Clara, California. Impinger samples from the mixing, forming, curving, pipe finishing, coupling finishing, and epoxy areas contained 0.2 to 2.4, 1.0 to 2.8, 0.8 to 2.7, 1.2 to 3.8, 1.3 to 23...

J. R. Lynch

1968-01-01

431

Investment in private water development: Property rights and contractual opportunism during the California Gold Rush  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the development of water supplies by private ditch companies during the California Gold Rush. Using data taken from newspaper stories, mining camp by-laws, and state Supreme Court and district court cases, the paper documents the presence of institutional conditions that were unfavorable to support private water investments including property rights uncertainty, imperfect capital markets, and significant contractual

Mark Kanazawa

2006-01-01

432

Public Health Assessment for Frontier Fertilizer, Davis, Yolo County, California, Region 9. CERCLIS No. CAD071530380.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Frontier Fertilizer site is located near the eastern boundary of the City of Davis, in Yolo County, California. Two separate pesticide sales companies operated at the site from 1971 and 1987. Disposal of waste water and unused agricultural chemicals b...

1995-01-01

433

77 FR 31838 - Notice of Orders Granting Authority to Import and Export Natural Gas and Liquefied Natural Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Orders Granting Authority to Import and Export Natural Gas and Liquefied Natural Gas During April 2012 AGENCY: Office of Fossil Energy...12-34-NG Northwest Natural Gas Company............ 12-41-NG...

2012-05-30

434

East Georgia Construction Company (A)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A construction company that serves a 20-county area of eastern Georgia has as its main source of revenue the manufacture and placement of asphaltic concrete used in road construction. Thanks to a new, multiyear, state-funded highway program, the company is considering the purchase of a new nonportable drum-mix plant needed to expand its asphaltic-concrete manufacturing capacity. Students can explore net

Robert Carraway; Robert Jenkins

435

East Georgia Construction Company (B)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A construction company serving a 20-county area of eastern Georgia has as its main source of revenue the manufacture and placement of asphaltic concrete used in road construction. In response to the demands of a new, multiyear, state-funded highway program, the company needs to expand its manufacturing capacity. Now, in addition to the new portable drum-mix plant (whose price has

Robert Carraway; Robert Jenkins

436

Natural Gas Price Increases in Los Angeles.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Natural gas price increases in recent years captured congressional and public attention. To determine which factors contributed to an average price increase of 61 percent in the Los Angeles, California, area between April 1981 and April 1983, GAO obtained...

1984-01-01

437

Evaluation of Efficiency Activities in the Industrial Sector Undertaken in Response to Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Targets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 2006 California Global Warming Solutions Act calls for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. Meeting this target will require action from all sectors of the California economy, including industry. The industrial sector consum...

A. Horvath H. Lu L. Price S. de la Rue du Can

2010-01-01

438

Incorporating Geologic Constraints Into a Tsunami Hazard Assessment, South-Central Coastal California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The central California coast lies within a tectonically active region where displacements of the sea floor from both tectonic fault ruptures and submarine landslides may pose a tsunami hazard. The Pacific Gas and Electric Company recently conducted an extensive reanalysis of marine data along the continental margin from Point Conception to Point Sur (34.5 to 36.5N) to identify potential tsunami sources. The study area encompasses the continental shelf and slope, including the offshore Santa Maria basin, Sur basin, the western part of the Ventura basin, the Santa Lucia Bank, the Santa Lucia basin, and the Santa Lucia Escarpment. The primary objectives of this study were to: a) perform a comprehensive compilation and review of available marine geophysical data; b) construct digital elevation models (DEMs) at the highest possible resolution by re- processing individual surveys that comprise the NGDC/NOAA coastal relief model; c) use these combined data sets in a GIS environment to aid in the identification and characterization of local tsunami sources and to provide a reference sea floor surface to be used in modeling tsunami effects; and d) develop a probablisitic framework to evaluate hazard from both far-field and near-field tsunami sources. A geomorphic seafloor classification map was developed based on the DEMs, published maps, available single channel seismic reflection and multibeam bathymetric data, as well as known/inferred relationships between landforms, modes of sediment transport and erosion, and underlying geologic structure. Estimates of the recurrence and maximum dimensions of large landslides along the Santa Lucia Escarpment are based on interpretation of the number, extent, and depth of burial by pelagic sediments of individual slide masses. Fault source and potential slope failure parameters were then used in a variable-grid, non-linear tsunami wave propagation model to assess the impact of these potential tsunami sources on the central California coast.

Hanson, K.; Nishenko, S.; Cluff, L.; Rietman, J.; Angell, M.; Thio, H. K.; Ichinose, G.; Greene, H. G.

2006-12-01

439

GRANITE CHIEF WILDERNESS STUDY AREA, CALIFORNIA.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Granite Chief Wilderness study area encompasses 57 sq mi near the crest of the Sierra Nevada 6 mi west of Tahoe City, California. Geologic, geochemical, and mines and prospect studies were carried out to assess the mineral-resource potential of the area. On the basis of the mineral-resource survey, it is concluded that the area has little promise for the occurrence of precious or base metals, oil, gas, coal, or geothermal resources. Sand, gravel, and glacial till suitable for construction materials occur in the area, but inaccessability and remoteness from available markets preclude their being shown on the map as a potential resource.

Harwood, David, S.; Federspiel, Francis, E.

1984-01-01

440

The rise and fall of an oil company. [Economic development, expansion, diversification, and stagnation of oil companies and the causes  

SciTech Connect

A tremendous amount of oil and gas reserves has been found. These reserves were discovered when geologists were in key positions. Exploration oriented leaders are not in key positions today. As with all living organisms, oil companies are governed by a life cycle which includes birth, adolescence, maturity, old age, and death. The life cycle of a company is characterized by its CEO/management team. During the birth of an oil company, a geologist and/or entrepreneur (leader) who has a desire to succeed is in charge. There are few tangible assets and the mortality rate is high. In the adolescence stage, the leader is willing to take high risks and is very receptive to new ideas. The discovery of company-making reserves are most likely to occur during this stage. During maturity, the key officer is usually an engineer who develops the newly found reserves. He has the desire to quantify exploration ventures in unrealistic, precise terms. Old age usually has a CPA as manager who prefers to take cash flow and transfer it to other businesses (diversification). The sale of properties starts in this stage. The last stage is death and the key officer is either a lawyer or a banker. The legal entanglement will start that inevitably plagues the cash-rich, asset-rich oil company. There is no residual expertise conducting exploration activity. We now have the liquidation of remaining assets and the company goes through mergers or sale.

Hanson, B.M.

1991-03-01

441

California's disposal plan goes nowhere fast  

SciTech Connect

California desperately needs a place to store as much as 5.5 million cubic feet of low-level radioactive waste over the next 30 years. Ward Valley, a barren stretch of the Mojave Desert located some 250 miles east of Los Angeles, was supposed to be that place. Last year, trenches dug in the arid, seismically stable valley were supposed to be that place. Last year, trenches dug in the arid, seismically stable valley were supposed to begin holding wastes like the gadolinium-153 used to detect osteoporosis and the selenium-75 used to study proteins, as well as wastes from nuclear power plants. But construction crews haven't even begun to dig, because Ward Valley has become ground zero in the fierce national debate over radioactive waste disposal. Lawsuits filed by opponents, who fear the waste will contaminate the environment, and the intervention of influential politicians such as Sen. Barbara Boxer (D-CA) have blocked the Interior Department from selling the federally owned Ward Valley land to California to begin construction. As a result, universities, biotechnology companies, and hospitals may be stuck with wastes piling up at their institutions, which could have repercussions.

Cohen, J.

1994-02-18

442

Manual of California Vegetation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This detailed resource is provided by the California Native Plant Society (CNPS), an organization of amateurs and professionals "united by an interest in the plants of California." In a move towards landscape-based management and away from single-species management, the vegetation classification system and manual is organized here by "series": herbs, shrubs, trees, unique stands (cypress stands, all-thorn stands), habitat types (fens, alpine), and vernal pools (basalt, claypan, etc.). The site provides series keys to assist users in determining the appropriate classification for an area. Details within each series include habitat-based information, associations, canopy cover, ground layer, elevation, and references. In addition, each series page features links to Common species and geographical associated regions, which point users to related tables, graphics, or entire Websites.

2005-11-14

443

Calculating California Seismicity Rates  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Empirically the rate of earthquakes = magnitude M is well fit by the Gutenberg-Richter relationship, logN=a-bM (1) where N is the number of earthquakes = M over a given time period, a is the number of M = 0 earthquakes over the same period, and b is a parameter that determines the ratio of larger to smaller earthquakes (Ishimoto and Iida 1939; Gutenberg and Richter 1944). Thus to characterize the seismicity rate, N, and risk in a given region we need to solve for the values of a and b. Here we are concerned with solving for the long term average values of these parameters for the state of California. My primary data source is a catalog of 1850-2006 M = 4.0 seismicity compiled with Tianqing Cao (Appendix H). Because earthquakes outside of the state can influence California I consider both earthquakes within the state and within 100 km of the state border (Figure 1).

Felzer, Karen R.

2008-01-01

444

Mount Shasta, California  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource about Mount Shasta, a compound stratovolcano in the Cascade Range, features links to all aspects of the volcano, including its geographic setting, and geologic and eruptive history. Students learn that Mount Shasta dominates the landscape of northern California and is the largest stratovolcano of the Cascade chain at approximately 350 cubic kilometers. Mount Shasta hosts five glaciers, including the Whitney Glacier, the largest in California. Shastina is a large subsidiary cone that rises to 3,758 meters on the west flank of the compound volcano. Links labeled 'Special Items of Interest' include information about volcanic highlights and features, and points of interest. Other links lead to maps, graphics, images, publications, reports, and other items of interest involving this volcano and others.

445

California Academy of Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1853 as the first scientific institution in the American West, the California Academy of Sciences is based in San Francisco and is the home to a number of public exhibits and eight scientific research departments. The Academy's online presence is quite prodigious, and contains copious information about its various outreach activities, its lecture series, and of course, its natural history museum. The homepage allows entry to many of these features, including the AntWeb, which warrants at least one detailed visit. The AntWeb serves as a clearinghouse of information on the ant faunas of both California and Madagascar, and visitors can learn about these different creatures here. Another nice feature is the "Science Now" area of the site. Here visitors can learn about the various research projects underway at the Academy, such as those projects on the dart frogs of Suriname.

2005-01-01

446

SUGARLOAF ROADLESS AREA, CALIFORNIA.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

On the basis of geologic, geochemical, and geophysical investigations and a survey of mines, quarries, and prospects the Sugarloaf Roadless Area, California, has little promise for the occurrence of metallic mineral or energy resources. Units of carbonate rock and graphitic schist have demonstrated resources of magnesian marble and graphite. Sand, gravel, and construction stone other than carbonate rock are present in the roadless area, but similar or better quality materials are abundant and more accessible outside the area.

Powell, Robert, E.; Campbell, Harry, W.

1984-01-01

447

KAISER WILDERNESS, CALIFORNIA.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

On the basis of a mineral survey of the Kaiser Wilderness, California, a narrow band in the northern part of the wilderness is classified as having probable tungsten resource potential. Tungsten resources exist in this area and small undiscovered deposits may exist at depth. Resources of high-purity calcitic and dolomitic marbles also occur within the wilderness. The geologic terrane precludes the occurrence of fossil fuel resources.

Dellinger, David, A.; Leszcykowski, Andrew

1984-01-01

448

California's potential volcanic hazards  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This is a summary of "Potential Hazards from Future Volcanic Eruptions in California' (USGS Bulletin No. 1847: price $4.75). The chief areas of danger are Lassen Peak, Mount Shasta and Medicine Lake Highland in the north; Clear Lake, Mono Lake and Long Valley in the centre; and Owen's River-Death Valley, Amboy Crater and the Saltan Butter in the south of the State. -A.Scarth

Jorgenson, P.

1989-01-01

449

Baja California, Mexico  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Sunglint on the surface of the Sea of Cortez near the island of Tiburon (28.5 N, 112.5W) reveals intricate patterns of internal waves under the placid surface. Mexico's state of Sonora and the Sonora Desert is on the mainland and the state of Baja California consists of the entire peninsula. The large bay on the Pacific side of Baja is Laguna Ojo de Libre (Bay of Whales) which is a breeding area for the Pacific Grey Whales.

1989-01-01

450

Hydroelectric power in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hydroelectric power potential of California was examined and the problems related to the development of that potential reviewed. The generating capacity of 173 existing conventional hydro power plants is 8500 MWe. Conventional hydroelectric power development is expected to add between 0.2 and 0.4 quads (20 x 10⁹ to 40 x 10⁹ kWh) per year to the current hydroelectric supply

1979-01-01

451

What next for California  

SciTech Connect

The effect of Governor Jerry Brown on the solar industry in California is reviewed. It is pointed out that currently there are 7000 solar businesses; before Gov. Brown's administration there were virtually none. The effect of Gov. Brown's administration on the use of solar and renewable energy sources, as well as energy conservation are reviewed. Specific topics include: (1) political action; (2) business sense; (3) increased competition; (4) marketing; and (5) consumer protection. (MJJ)

Lang, P.

1982-11-01

452

California Nio/Nia.  

PubMed

The present study shows the existence of intrinsic coastal air-sea coupled phenomenon in the coastal ocean off Baja California and California in boreal summer for the first time. It contributes significantly to the interannual sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies there. An initial decrease/increase in the equatorward alongshore surface winds weakens/strengthens the coastal upwelling and raises/lowers the coastal SSTs through oceanic mixed-layer processes. The resultant coastal warming/cooling, in turn, heats/cools the overlying atmosphere anomalously, decreases/increases the atmospheric pressure in the lower troposphere, generates an anomalous cross-shore pressure gradient, and thus reinforces or maintains the alongshore surface wind anomalies. The regional air-sea coupled phenomenon seems to be analogous to the well-known El Nio/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the tropical Pacific but with much smaller time and space scales, and may be referred to as California Nio/Nia in its intrinsic sense. PMID:24763062

Yuan, Chaoxia; Yamagata, Toshio

2014-01-01

453

Counting California's Snakebites  

PubMed Central

Poisonous snakebites happen in all sections of California, but they are especially frequent in Southern California. An estimated 221 (138 in-patients and 83 out-patients) people were bitten by snakes annually, an incidence of 1.41 bites per 100,000 people. However, the estimated case-fatality rate was less than one-half of one per cent. Of 135 in-patients reported in detail by California hospitals during 1958 and 1959, 123 (91 per cent) were bitten by rattlesnakes, one (1 per cent) by a foreign snake, and 11 (8 per cent) by unidentified poisonous snakes. Seasonal epidemics of snakebites occurred, 90 per cent of the bites being inflicted from April through October. Males had higher bite rates than females and Caucasians had higher rates than non-whites. Fifty per cent of the cases were among children and young adults less than 20 years of age. Ninety-nine per cent of the bites were on the extremities65 per cent on the upper extremities and 34 per cent on the lower extremities. The recommended treatment of poisonous snakebites included incision and suction and the 3 A's (antivenin, antibiotics and antitetanus treatment).

Parrish, Henry M.; Diekroeger, James L.; Hall, Homer K.

1964-01-01

454

Gas-diesel engines for compressor station applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Waertsilae Diesel, together with Metra Engineering, is offering engines for a totally new application area, compressor stations for natural gas pipelines. The two companies have developed two versions of gas-diesel compressor (GDC) stations for natural gas pipelines. One version is for gas distribution systems, which are characterized by highly varying gas pressures. The other is for gas transmission systems, which

Kunberger

1994-01-01

455

Sources of variability of evapotranspiration in California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The variability (1990-2002) of potential evapotranspiration estimates (ETo) and related meteorological variables from a set of stations from the California Irrigation Management System (CIMIS) is studied. Data from the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) and from the Department of Energy from 1950 to 2001 were used to validate the results. The objective is to determine the characteristics of climatological ETo and to identify factors controlling its variability (including associated atmospheric circulations). Daily ETo anomalies are strongly correlated with net radiation (Rn) anomalies, relative humidity (RH), and cloud cover, and less with average daily temperature (Tavg). The highest intraseasonal variability of ETo daily anomalies occurs during the spring, mainly caused by anomalies below the high ETo seasonal values during cloudy days. A characteristic circulation pattern is associated with anomalies of ETo and its driving meteorological inputs, Rn, RH, and Tavg, at daily to seasonal time scales. This circulation pattern is dominated by 700-hPa geopotential height (Z700) anomalies over a region off the west coast of North America, approximately between 32?? and 44?? latitude, referred to as the California Pressure Anomaly (CPA). High cloudiness and lower than normal ETo are associated with the lowheight (pressure) phase of the CPA pattern. Higher than normal ETo anomalies are associated with clear skies maintained through anomalously high Z700 anomalies offshore of the North American coast. Spring CPA, cloudiness, maximum temperature (Tmax), pan evaporation (Epan), and ETo conditions have not trended significantly or consistently during the second half of the twentieth century in California. Because it is not known how cloud cover and humidity will respond to climate change, the response of ETo in California to increased greenhouse-gas concentrations is essentially unknown; however, to retain the levels of ETo in the current climate, a decline of Rn by about 6% would be required to compensate for a warming of +3??C. ?? 2005 American Meteorological Society.

Hidalgo, H. G.; Cayan, D. R.; Dettinger, M. D.

2005-01-01

456

Building natural gas locomotives  

SciTech Connect

This article describes a liquefied natural gas-fueled locomotive built by Morrison Knudsen which includes a Caterpillar 1200-horsepower V-16, a monofuel management system with double-wall super-insulated cryogenic tanks, and microprocessor-based controls. Efforts by railroad companies to reduce operating costs and meet future emissions standards have led engineers to look for innovative ways to design trains. In January, Morrison Knudsen Corp. of Boise, Idaho, powered its way into the locomotive manufacturing business when it introduced the natural gas-fueled MK1200G, to be used mostly around railroad company yards and on trips shorter than 50 miles.

O'Conner, L.

1994-04-01

457

Nonlinear soil response as a natural passive isolation mechanism. Paper II. The 1933, Long Beach, California earthquake  

Microsoft Academic Search

The areas that experienced large strains and differential motions in the soil (indicated by breaks in the water and gas pipe distribution systems) and the areas with severely damaged buildings showed remarkable separation during the March 10, 1933, Long Beach, California earthquake. With analogous results for the 1994 Northridge, California earthquake [Soil Dynam. Earthquake Engng. 17 (1998) 41], the observations

M. D. Trifunac

2003-01-01

458

Pockmarks off Big Sur, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A pockmark field was discovered during EM-300 multi-beam bathymetric surveys on the lower continental slope off the Big Sur coast of California. The field contains ??? 1500 pockmarks which are between 130 and 260 m in diameter, and typically are 8-12 m deep located within a 560 km2 area. To investigate the origin of these features, piston cores were collected from both the interior and the flanks of the pockmarks, and remotely operated vehicle observation (ROV) video and sampling transects were conducted which passed through 19 of the pockmarks. The water column within and above the pockmarks was sampled for methane concentration. Piston cores and ROV collected push cores show that the pockmark field is composed of monotonous fine silts and clays and the cores within the pockmarks are indistinguishable from those outside the pockmarks. No evidence for either sediment winnowing or diagenetic alteration suggestive of fluid venting was obtained. 14C measurements of the organic carbon in the sediments indicate continuous sedimentation throughout the time resolution of the radiocarbon technique ( ??? 45000 yr BP), with a sedimentation rate of ??? 10 cm per 1000 yr both within and between the pockmarks. Concentrations of methane, dissolved inorganic carbon, sulfate, chloride, and ammonium in pore water extracted from within the cores are generally similar in composition to seawater and show little change with depth, suggesting low biogeochemical activity. These pore water chemical gradients indicate that neither significant accumulations of gas are likely to exist in the shallow subsurface ( ??? 100 m) nor is active fluid advection occurring within the sampled sediments. Taken together the data indicate that these pockmarks are more than 45000 yr old, are presently inactive, and contain no indications of earlier fluid or gas venting events. ?? 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Paull, C.; Ussler, III, W.; Maher, N.; Greene, H. G.; Rehder, G.; Lorenson, T.; Lee, H.

2002-01-01

459

Research of company performance: Based on real estate listed company  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more attention is paid to the performance of listed companies of China with the economic progress. The capital structure decision is crucial for any business organization. The decision is important because of the need to maximize returns to various organizational constituencies, and also because of the impact such a decision has on a firm's ability to deal with

Liu Xing; Wu Lianghua

2011-01-01

460

Four state companies are markedly different  

SciTech Connect

The Journal continues its profiles of state owned oil companies with a return to the Persian Gulf, South America, and a first time look at the state oil company of Romania, one of Eastern Europe`s most active and oldest producers. The government of Kazakhstan`s activities are also covered in this report. These profiles detail the organization of the companies, with emphasis on upstream and downstream operations. Support functions, though essential to a company, are not covered in detail. Company projects and capabilities are only described in this report when necessary to put the company in perspective. Following are the profiles of state companies for Bahrain, Kuwait, Romania, and Venezuela.

Aalund, L.R.

1995-08-21

461

California Fault Zone Orphan Borehole Database  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

California is tectonically active and has many abandoned boreholes across the state. With information on these boreholes provided by the Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources (DOGGR), we have been able to create several interactive maps on Google Earth for a public website and database accessible at: http://www.pmc.ucsc.edu/~rapid/ . These maps locate abandoned and adoptable wells near active quaternary fault traces and are linked to relevant subsurface information. The links on the website include complete histories, logs, lithologies, stratigraphic columns, and casing information (when available). Earthquake scientists may utilize these wells for monitoring subsurface changes prior, during, and after an earthquake in California. The boreholes could be used for the measurements of several subsurface observables, including: repeat temperature logs, stress measurements, geophysical logging, repeat active-source seismic experiments, sampling of mud/ gas/ fluids, long-term monitoring of temperature and pore fluid pressure, passive seismicity, etc. The Adopt a Well Program with DOGGR allows the orphaned well to be tested for 90 days without liability then purchased upon approval. With the science of seismology expanding its limits, these boreholes offer the depth necessary to have accurate subsurface data in order to make informed implications about what occurs deep beneath the surface.

Avila, J.; Brodsky, E. E.

2009-12-01

462

Pacific Gas Transmission adds ten compressor stations in 1969  

Microsoft Academic Search

The addition of new compressor stations, compressors to existing stations, connection of new gas sources in Alberta, and construction of new processing plants feature the major current expansion of Pacific Gas Transmission Co.'s natural gas pipeline system. All work is due for completion by Nov. 1, 1969. Overall effect will be to raise deliveries to Pacific Gas at the California-Oregon

Kornfeld

1969-01-01

463

Insurance Companies in Emerging Markets  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on asset allocation decisions of life insurance companies in emerging markets. Mature market insurers allocate only a small fraction of their assets to emerging markets because of regulatory constraints, rating pressures, and currency risk. However, global insurers invest directly in emerging markets by setting up subsidiaries rather than through portfolio investment, and this trend is increasing. Local

Janet Kong; Manmohan Singh

2005-01-01

464

SPANISH COMPANY FOREIGN MARKET ENTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to analyse the determinants of diversification mode (acquisition versus greenfield) through foreign direct investment considering various theories, such as those of mergers and acquisitions, transaction costs, the learning organisation, the institutional context of the company and the cultural environment of the host country, and to analyse the determinants of entry mode combining diversification mode

Francisco J. Ms; Felipe Ruiz Moreno

2003-01-01

465

Geothermal energy at Long Beach Naval Shipyard and Naval Station and at Seal Beach Naval Weapons Station, California. Final Report 1  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project was to determine and evaluate sources of geothermal energy at two military bases in southern California, the Long Beach Naval Shipyard and Naval Station and the Seal Beach Naval Weapons Station. One part of the project focused on the natural geothermal characteristics beneath the naval bases. Another part focused on the geothermal energy produced by oilfield operations on and adjacent to each base. Results of the study are presented here for the US Department of the Navy to use in its program to reduce its reliance on petroleum by the development of different sources of energy. The project required research of various reports and data, both published and unpublished, particularly those of the California Department of Conservation, Division of Oil and Gas and of oil companies with leases on or adjacent to the naval bases. Important field investigations included the measurement of well-head temperatures of fluids produced from selected oil wells at each naval base and a detailed gravity survey of the Seal Beach naval base and vicinity. The well-head temperatures were needed to evaluate individual wells as sources of geothermal energy, while the gravity survey attempted to discover subsurface geologic structures that might contain geothermal fluids of temperatures higher than those predicted by the regional geothermal conditions.

Higgins, C.T.; Chapman, R.H.

1984-01-01

466

A multitower measurement network estimate of California's methane emissions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

present an analysis of methane (CH4) emissions using atmospheric observations from five sites in California's Central Valley across different seasons (September 2010 to June 2011). CH4 emissions for spatial regions and source sectors are estimated by comparing measured CH4 mixing ratios with transport model (Weather Research and Forecasting and Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport) predictions based on two 0.1 CH4 (seasonally varying "California-specific" (California Greenhouse Gas Emission Measurements, CALGEM) and a static global (Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research, release version 42, EDGAR42)) prior emission models. Region-specific Bayesian analyses indicate that for California's Central Valley, the CALGEM- and EDGAR42-based inversions provide consistent annual total CH4 emissions (32.87 2.09 versus 31.60 2.17 Tg CO2eq yr-1; 68% confidence interval (CI), assuming uncorrelated errors between regions). Summing across all regions of California, optimized CH4 emissions are only marginally consistent between CALGEM- and EDGAR42-based inversions (48.35 6.47 versus 64.97 11.85 Tg CO2eq), because emissions from coastal urban regions (where landfill and natural gas emissions are much higher in EDGAR than CALGEM) are not strongly constrained by the measurements. Combining our results with those from a recent study of the South Coast Air Basin narrows the range of estimates to 43-57 Tg CO2eq yr-1 (1.3-1.8 times higher than the current state inventory). These results suggest that the combination of rural and urban measurements will be necessary to verify future changes in California's total CH4 emissions.

Jeong, Seongeun; Hsu, Ying-Kuang; Andrews, Arlyn E.; Bianco, Laura; Vaca, Patrick; Wilczak, James M.; Fischer, Marc L.

2013-10-01

467

California Space Grant Consortium  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The organizational and administrative structure of the CaSGC has the Consortium Headquarters Office (Principal Investigator - Dr. John Kosmatka, California Statewide Director - Dr. Michael Wiskerchen) at UC San Diego. Each affiliate member institution has a campus director and an scholarship/fellowship selection committee. Each affiliate campus director also serves on the CaSGC Advisory Council and coordinates CMIS data collection and submission. The CaSGC strives to maintain a balance between expanded affiliate membership and continued high quality in targeted program areas of aerospace research, education, workforce development, and public outreach. Associate members are encouraged to participate on a project-by-project basis that meets the needs of California and the goals and objectives of the CaSGC. Associate members have responsibilities relating only to the CaSGC projects they are directly engaged in. Each year, as part of the CaSGC Improvement Plan, the CaSGC Advisory Council evaluates the performance of the affiliate and associate membership in terms of contributions to the CaSGC Strategic Plan, These CaSGC membership evaluations provide a constructive means for elevating productive members and removing non-performing members. This Program Improvement and Results (PIR) report will document CaSGC program improvement results and impacts that directly respond to the specific needs of California in the area of aerospace-related education and human capital development and the Congressional mandate to "increase the understanding, assessment, development and utilization of space resources by promoting a strong education base, responsive research and training activities, and broad and prompt dissemination of knowledge and technology".

Kosmatka, John; Berger, Wolfgang; Wiskerchen, Michael J.

2005-01-01

468

Developing a California Inventory for Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) and Hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) Foam Banks and Emissions from Foams.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Caleb and its project team undertook the development of an inventory of foams and their related blowing agents for California. The inventory provides data on greenhouse gas emissions and banks (greenhouse gases contained in existing foam, and not yet rele...

A. A. J. Vetter P. K. Ashford

2011-01-01

469

Forecasts of California Transportation Energy Demand 2005-2025 In Support of the 2005 Integrated Energy Policy Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This staff report presents forecasts of energy demand in California for on-road car and truck travel, commercial aviation, and transit. Besides base case forecasts of transportation demand for electricity, jet fuel, and natural gas, the report includes si...

2005-01-01

470

The Algodones Dunes, California  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Biological Diversity blends "conservation biology with litigation, policy advocacy, and an innovative strategic vision" in efforts to protect endangered species and wild places, focusing on the western US. This Web site contains a slide show of images from the Algodones Dunes, California's largest dune system. The fourteen slides show images of the area's natural history and environmental threats, such as effects from off-road vehicles. Each slide is accompanied by a brief description. While not overly informative, this Web site offers visitors a quick overview look at this unique natural area.

2002-01-01

471

The Fungi of California  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site was developed by two individuals with a strong interest in fungi and is intended to augment published field guides with numerous color photos of each species and frequent updates to taxonomy and nomenclature. The site includes only species that are found in California; however, many of these species may be found in other parts of North America. The site's current 357 species are easy to navigate through its alphabetical listing of scientific name. Those users unfamiliar with scientific names will appreciate the simplified key that uses diagrams and descriptions to identify groups of fungi fitting certain characteristics.

1996-01-01

472

California's geothermal resource potential  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

According to a U.S. Geological Survey estimate, recoverable hydrothermal energy in California may amount to 19,000 MW of electric power for a 30-year period. At present, a geothermal installation in the Geysers region of the state provides 502 MWe of capacity; an additional 1500 MWe of electric generating capacity is scheduled to be in operation in geothermal fields by 1985. In addition to hydrothermal energy sources, hot-igneous and conduction-dominated resources are under investigation for possible development. Land-use conflicts, environmental concerns and lack of risk capital may limit this development.

Leibowitz, L. P.

1978-01-01

473

GOLDEN TROUT WILDERNESS, CALIFORNIA.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A mineral survey of the Golden Trout Wilderness, California revealed that four areas in the wilderness have resource potential for tungsten and base and precious metals. One, the Mineral King pendant, has substantiated potential for tungsten deposits; the others are designated as having probable resource potential for tungsten and base and precious metals. Demonstrated tungsten resources exist at the Pine Tree mine, a skarn deposit in the Mineral King pendant. There is no evidence for the existence of large undiscovered deposits within the wilderness. The geologic terrane precludes the occurrence of organic fuel resources.

Dellinger, David, A.; Zilka, Nicholas, T.

1984-01-01

474

RUBICON ROADLESS AREA, CALIFORNIA.  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Rubicon Roadless Area encompasses about 8 sq mi along the lower reaches of the Rubicon River, a major tributary of the Middle Fork of the American River that drains the west slope of the Sierra Nevada in eastern California. Based on mineral-resource surveys the area has little promise for the occurrence of metallic or energy resources. A very small demonstrated gold resource occurs at the Pigeon Roost mine. Glacial deposits, which occur in the eastern part of the area, are too bouldery and too small to be of value as construction materials.

Harwood, David, S.; Cather, Eric, E.

1984-01-01

475

Parkfield, California: Earthquake History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report describes the history of seismic activity at Parkfield, California, which is situated on the San Andreas Fault. It points out that moderate-size earthquakes have occurred on the Parkfield section of the San Andreas fault at fairly regular intervals, and that the earthquakes may have been 'characteristic' in the sense that they occurred with some regularity (mean repetition time of about 22 years). This indicates that they may have repeatedly ruptured the same area on the fault. A diagram shows the timing of the earthquakes, and illustrations of the seismic waveforms show the similarities between earthquakes occurring in 1922, 1934, and 1966.

476

Interdistrict Enrollment. California Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California community colleges inherit their statutes on interdistrict enrollment from those in force for California elementary and secondary schools. Prior to 1978, statutory restrictions on students enrolling in a college outside the district in which they lived were tied to the method of funding. A 1978 change in funding methodology, followed by

California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

477

Financing Postsecondary Education in California.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an overview of the financial aspects of postsecondary educational institutions in California and suggests some recommendations for the alleviation of financial problems. The study consisted of extensive research of the current literature on financing, gathering key data on the California system, reviewing the pertinent

California State Legislature, Sacramento. Joint Committee on the Master Plan for Higher Education.

478

CALIFORNIA LEAKING UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANKS  

EPA Science Inventory

Points represent Leaking Underground Storage Tanks (LUST) for the State of California. This database was developed and is maintained by the California State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB). Point locations represent tanks where leak events have occurred. Tank latitude-long...

479

Experts Question California's Algebra Edict  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Business leaders from important sectors of the American economy have been urging schools to set higher standards in math and science--and California officials, in mandating that 8th graders be tested in introductory algebra, have responded with one of the highest such standards in the land. Still, many California educators and school

Cavanagh, Sean

2008-01-01

480

Service company alliance reduces tight sands frac costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smaller, multiple-stage fracture treatments, worked out by an alliance between a producing and a service company, were a significant element in reducing costs for fracturing Carthage Cotton Valley infill wells in Panola County, Texas. Pennzoil's infill drilling program takes advantage of the Texas Railroad Commission's (RRC) ruling that allows optional 80-acre well spacing in this tight gas-sand reservoir. Pennzoil spudded

J. L. Hunter; S. G. Stuchly

1994-01-01

481

18 CFR 366.4 - FERC-65, notification of holding company status, FERC-65A, exemption notification, and FERC-65B...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT BOOKS AND RECORDS Definitions and Provisions Under PUHCA 2005, the Federal Power Act and the Natural Gas Act 366.4 FERC-65,...

2010-04-01

482

Design considerations: Upgrading Boston Gas odorant stations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boston Gas Company (BGC) has progressed beyond the half-way point on a four-year program to upgrade its odorant injection systems. An experienced odorization team from BGC`s Gas Supply and Production Department set out to redesign odorant storage, piping and injection system operation and to research the availability of improved odorization equipment. Research included investigating odorization practices of other gas companies

1995-01-01

483

Geology of California. Second Edition  

SciTech Connect

Two introductory chapters familiarize readers with basic geologic concepts. The following chapters describe the geology of each of California's 11 geomorphic provinces; the San Andreas fault and offshore geology are discussed in two separate chapters. Four appendices acquaint readers with technical words and terms, common minerals and rocks in California, geologic time, and geologic theories that pertain to California. During the 1960s evidence collected from the east Pacific sea floor off the western coast of North America gave scientists supporting data for Alfred Wegener's 1910 theory of continental drift. In addition to the confirmation of continental drift, since the 1960s scientists have discovered paleomagnetism, sea-floor spreading, exotic and suspect terranes, and polar wandering. These important concepts have had far reaching effects about how we understand the geology of California and how this region has evolved through geologic time. Improved investigative procedures enable earth scientists to comprehend previously puzzling aspects of California's geology.

Norris, R.M.; Webb, R.W.

1990-01-01

484

Application of NDE methods to bridge structures: a California perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In cooperation with the Federal Highway Administration, the California Department of Transportation launched a full-scale dynamic testing program of seismic isolation and energy dissipation systems. This program is the first of its kind in the United States and in the world. Over a dozen companies from five countries are participating in the testing program, which will lead to uniform guidelines for prototype and verification testing as well as design guidelines and contract specifications for each of the different systems. This paper provides an overview of the testing program, the evaluation process, and the various organizational and technical issues involved in this massive project.

Sultan, Mohsen; Sheng, Li-Hong

1995-05-01

485

78 FR 59991 - Advisory Committee on Small and Emerging Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...capitalization (``smaller public companies'') through securities offerings...emerging companies and smaller public companies; and (3) Public reporting...emerging companies and smaller public companies. Up to 20 voting members...

2013-09-30

486

76 FR 57769 - Advisory Committee on Small and Emerging Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...capitalization (``smaller public companies'') through securities offerings...emerging companies and smaller public companies; and (3) Public reporting...emerging companies and smaller public companies. Up to 20 voting members...

2011-09-16

487

Seasonal Variations in CH4 Emissions from Central California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Methane emissions constitute an uncertain yet likely significant fraction of Californias greenhouse gas emissions burden. Here, we determine CH4 emissions from Central California using tower measurements, and an inverse model approach combining Weather Research and Forecast meteorology (WRF) predictions with the stochastic timer-inverted Lagrangian transport (STILT) model (henceforth WRF-STILT). We evaluate transport model errors due to uncertaintiesy in planetary boundary layer (PBL) and wind velocities by comparing model predictions with PBL heights and wind velocities determined from a radar wind profiler near located near (within 8 km) of the primary tower site (38.26o,-121.49o). Comparing PBL heights from two different boundary layer schemes in WRF-STILT (the Eta (TKE) scheme and the Penn State (PSU) scheme using a Richardson number approach), we found that the TKE scheme more accurately captures the seasonal variations in PBL height at the Sacramento River Delta. Incorporating the error analysis results, we report initial estimates of seasonal variations in CH4 emissions from either source sectors (e.g., livestock, natural gas infrastructure, landfills, etc.) or total emissions from distinct spatial sub-regions in Central California.

Zhao, C.; Andrews, A. E.; Bianco, L.; Eluszkiewicz, J.; Nehrkorn, T.; Fischer, M. L.

2009-12-01

488

77 FR 553 - Surety Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Termination; Western Bonding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Companies Acceptable on Federal Bonds: Termination; Western Bonding Company AGENCY: Financial Management Service, Fiscal Service...Certificate of Authority issued by the Treasury to Western Bonding Company (NAIC 13191) under 31 U.S.C. 9305 to...

2012-01-05

489

78 FR 62616 - Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, LLC; Notice of Transfer...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Project No. 3730-005] Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company, LLC; Notice of Transfer of Exemption...filed September 23, 2013, Salmon Creek Hydroelectric Company informed the Commission that...

2013-10-22

490

78 FR 40268 - Norfolk Southern Railway Company-Lease Exemption-BNSF Railway Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Lease Exemption--BNSF Railway Company AGENCY: Surface Transportation...26, 2013, Norfolk Southern Railway Company (NSR) filed a petition...2) to lease from BNSF Railway Company (BNSF), and upgrade...of Transportation, and the American Association of...

2013-07-03

491

Dick Crane's California Days  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Horace Richard Crane (1907-2007) was born and educated in California. His childhood was full of activities that helped him become an outstanding experimental physicist. As a graduate student at the California Institute of Technology (1930-1934), he had the good fortune to work with Charles C. Lauritsen (1892-1968) just as he introduced accelerator-based nuclear physics to Caltech. They shared the euphoric excitement of opening up a new field with simple, ingenious apparatus and experiments. This work prepared Crane for his career at the University of Michigan (1935-1973) where in the 1950s, after making the first measurement of the electron's magnetic moment, he devised the g-2 technique and made the first measurement of the anomaly in the electron's magnetic moment. A man of direct, almost laconic style, he made lasting contributions to the exposition of physics to the general public and to its teaching in high schools, community colleges, four-year colleges, and universities. I tell how he became a physicist and describe some of his early achievements.

Holbrow, Charles H.

2011-03-01

492

VOC compliance on the ball: Aluminum can manufacturer rolls to California VOC compliance  

SciTech Connect

Since entering the North American beverage can market in 1969, Ball Corp., has increased its market share at a pace more than double the growth of the market itself. In addition to holding numerous patented advancements in can-making technology, Ball prides itself as an environmentally responsible company. When Ball decided to increase production capacity in its Fairfield, California, plant, the challenge was to produce more cans, while still complying with the state`s stringent air emissions regulations. As with other aluminum can manufacturing facilities, Ball`s coating and curing operations generate volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Ball`s permit from the state of California allows only limited amounts of VOC discharges into the atmosphere. With proposed increases in production capacities, however, the Bay Area`s Air Quality Management District--a local US EPA authority--required Ball to incinerate far more VOCs than the existing recuperative abatement system could handle. According to California regulations, facilities that wish to increase VOC emissions must install some type of VOC-control system or provide technological offsets. This regulatory pressure led Ball to seek a solution that would not only comply with emissions regulations, but would not compromise the company`s production process. Ball engineers selected a regenerative thermal oxidizer (RTO) for the Fairfield, Calif., plant. Considering the success Ball has encountered in previous experiences with this type of oxidation unit, the company immediately selected an RTO instead of catalytic oxidizers or other types of pollution control equipment.

Gay, R. [Engelhard Corp., Iselin, NJ (United States)

1997-07-01

493