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1

76 FR 9348 - Southern California Edison Company, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, San Diego Gas & Electric...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EL11-19-000] Southern California Edison Company, Pacific Gas and Electric Company...PURPA),\\1\\ Southern California Edison Company (SCE), Pacific Gas and Electric...Electric Company, Southern California Edison Company, and San Diego Gas &...

2011-02-17

2

75 FR 63166 - Southern California Gas Company; Notice of Baseline Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PR10-135-001] Southern California Gas Company; Notice of Baseline Filing October 6, 2010. Take notice that on October 4, 2010, Southern California Gas Company submitted a revised baseline filing of its Statement of Operating Conditions for...

2010-10-14

3

Study of the 1991 unaccounted-for gas volume at the Southern California Gas Company. Final report, January 1991-December 1992. Volume 2. Accounting  

SciTech Connect

As part of a study of unaccounted-for gas (UAF), performed by the Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas), volume II of the six-volume set presents the results of the accounting portion, including sections on accounting adjustments and company-use gas. It identifies enhancements to accounting practices that make records more accurately reflect the physical activity occurring in the system. The result is an accounting record of gas volumes received and delivered which have been adjusted for the enhancements, and exclude accounting estimates and prior period adjustments.

Meshkati, S.; Groot, J.; Law, E.; Rudshagen, C.; Yevchak, S.

1993-04-01

4

76 FR 70437 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EL11-48-000] Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Filing Take notice...September 26, 2011, Southern California Edison Company filed its compliance filing...1\\ Southern California Edison Company, Order on Waiver Request...

2011-11-14

5

Pipeline accident report: Pacific Gas and Electric Company natural gas pipeline puncture, San Francisco, California, August 25, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Failure on the part of a construction contractor to locate underground utilities prior to excavation was the probable cause of a natural gas accident involving a punctured high-pressure 16-in. main. Although the 32-psig gas leak did not ignite, it contaminated an eight-block city area with a mist of oil containing polychlorinated biphenyl. (PG and E had inadvertently introduced PCB into its system when it used old transformer oil in oil-bath scrubbers upstream from three compressor stations in the 1950s and early 1960s.) About 13 million CF of gas and 500 gal of entrained liquid were lost during the accident. Contributing to the duration of the gas leakage was PG and E's inability to 1) locate one emergency valve because of faulty recordkeeping, 2) quickly operate the valve because the ground had been covered with pavement, and 3) close another valve that was inoperative due to inadequate maintenance. Special hazardous-waste cleanup crews reduced the PCB levels in the contaminated area to a safe concentration of 2 ppm within 2 weeks.

Not Available

1982-02-25

6

75 FR 48323 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...EL10-1-002] Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Filing August 4...Declaratory Order, Southern California Edison Co., 129 FERC ] 61,246 (2009) (December 17, Order), Southern California Edison Company filed a compliance filing...

2010-08-10

7

76 FR 40721 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. EL11-48-000] Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Filing Take notice that on June 30, 2011...Commission), 18 CFR 385.207 (2011), Southern California Edison Company filed a petition for a limited historical waiver...

2011-07-11

8

75 FR 62517 - California Water Service Company; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing and Soliciting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal...13802-000] California Water Service Company...Applicant: California Water Service Company...Palos Verdes in Los Angeles County, California...Pursuant to: Federal Power Act, 16 U.S...Design, California Water Service...

2010-10-12

9

76 FR 57029 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and Soliciting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Project No. 67-126] Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Application for Amendment...d. Applicant: Southern California Edison Company. e. Name of Project: Big Creek...Michael Murphy, Southern California Edison Company, P.O. Box 100, Big...

2011-09-15

10

75 FR 70220 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing, Soliciting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Project No. 344-023] Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Application Accepted...d. Applicants: Southern California Edison Company. e. Name of Projects: San Gorgonio...Power Production, Southern California Edison Company, 300 N. Lone Hill Ave.,...

2010-11-17

11

75 FR 62519 - Rocky Mountain Natural Gas LLC; KeySpan Gas East Corporation; ECOP Gas Company, LLC; MGTC, Inc...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California Gas Company; ETC Katy Pipeline, Ltd.; Notice of Baseline Filings October 4, 2010. Take notice that on September 30...respectively the applicants listed above submitted their baseline filing of its Statement of Operating Conditions for...

2010-10-12

12

Natural gas annual 1993 supplement: Company profiles  

SciTech Connect

The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. This report, the Natural Gas Annual 1993 Supplement: Company Profiles, presents a detailed profile of 45 selected companies in the natural gas industry. The purpose of this report is to show the movement of natural gas through the various States served by the companies profiled. The companies in this report are interstate pipeline companies or local distribution companies (LDC`s). Interstate pipeline companies acquire gas supplies from company owned production, purchases from producers, and receipts for transportation for account of others. Pipeline systems, service area maps, company supply and disposition data are presented.

Not Available

1995-02-01

13

170. Credit SHS. Northern California Power Company substation, Bully Hill ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

170. Credit SHS. Northern California Power Company substation, Bully Hill Mine area. Note lack of vegetation, caused by nearby copper smelting works. - Battle Creek Hydroelectric System, Battle Creek & Tributaries, Red Bluff, Tehama County, CA

14

Natural gas annual 1992: Supplement: Company profiles  

SciTech Connect

The data for the Natural Gas Annual 1991 Supplement : Company Profiles are taken from Form EIA-176, (open quotes) Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition (close quotes). Other sources include industry literature and corporate annual reports to shareholders. The companies appearing in this report are major interstate natural gas pipeline companies, large distribution companies, or combination companies with both pipeline and distribution operations. The report contains profiles of 45 corporate families. The profiles describe briefly each company, where it operates, and any important issues that the company faces. The purpose of this report is to show the movement of natural gas through the various States served by the 45 large companies profiled.

Not Available

1994-01-01

15

Gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1978  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report on the gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies for caldendar year 1978 is the fifteenth report on the gas supplies of these companies. Total dedicated domestic gas reserves owned and controlled by interstate pipeline companies increased in 1978 by 1.1 trillion cubic feet, or 1.2 percent, from 92.9 trillion cubic feet at the beginning of the

1980-01-01

16

Gas Supplies of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies, 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication provides information on the total reserves, production, and deliverability capabilities of 89 interstate pipeline companies. The gas supplies of interstate pipeline companies consist of the certificated, dedicated, recoverable, salable na...

R. Price

1985-01-01

17

78 FR 41395 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Project No. 344-023] Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Assessment...assessment (EA) for an application filed by Southern California Edison Company (licensee) on September 28, 2010, requesting...

2013-07-10

18

75 FR 49929 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. EL10-81-000] Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order August 9...Commission), 18 CFR 385.207(2010), Southern California Edison Company (SCE) filed a Petition for Declaratory Order for...

2010-08-16

19

75 FR 81265 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. EL11-10-000] Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order December...Take notice that on December 9, 2010, Southern California Edison Company (SCE), pursuant to Rule 207 of the Federal...

2010-12-27

20

78 FR 25076 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Project No. 344-023] Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Availability of Draft Environmental Assessment...assessment (EA) for an application filed by Southern California Edison Company (licensee) on September 28, 2010, requesting...

2013-04-29

21

76 FR 19352 - Southern California Telephone Company; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. ER11-3186-000] Southern California Telephone Company; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based...notice in the above-referenced proceeding Southern California Telephone Company's application for market-based rate...

2011-04-07

22

Audit Program for Natural Gas Companies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this publication is to provide the field auditor with a set of audit guidelines for use in the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's financial/compliance examinations of jurisdictional natural gas companies. The specific audit procedures s...

1981-01-01

23

California-Mexico gas exports eyed  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that two California utilities have proposed providing natural gas transportation services to Mexico. The arrangement would provide a second U.S. export sales point at the U.S.-Mexico border and perhaps help alleviate an expected surplus of gas pipeline capacity available to California. Mexico currently imports about 200 MMcfd of U.S. gas via pipelines in Texas.

Not Available

1992-02-10

24

Gas supplies of interstate/natural gas pipeline companies 1989  

SciTech Connect

This publication provides information on the interstate pipeline companies' supply of natural gas during calendar year 1989, for use by the FERC for regulatory purposes. It also provides information to other Government agencies, the natural gas industry, as well as policy makers, analysts, and consumers interested in current levels of interstate supplies of natural gas and trends over recent years. 5 figs., 18 tabs.

Not Available

1990-12-18

25

Gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication provides information on the interstate pipeline companies' supply of natural gas in the United States during calendar year 1990, for use by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission for regulatory purposes. It also provides information to ...

1992-01-01

26

Performance of the Southern California Edison Company Stirling dish  

SciTech Connect

McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company (MDAC) and United Stirling AB of Sweden (USAB) formed a joint venture in 1982 to develop and produce a Stirling dish solar generating system. In this report, the six year development and testing program continued by the Southern California Edison Company (SCE) is described. Each Stirling dish module consists of a sun tracking dish concentrator developed by the MDAC and a Stirling engine driven power conversion unit (PCU) developed by USAB. The Stirling dish system demonstrated twice the peak and daily solar-to-electric conversion efficiency of any other system then under development. This system continues to set the performance standard for solar to electric systems being developed in the early 1990`s. Test data are presented and used to estimate the performance of a commercial system.

Lopez, C.W. [Southern California Edison Co., Rosemead, CA (United States); Stone, K.W. [Mako Enterprises, Huntington Beach, CA (United States)

1993-10-01

27

65 FR 48148 - Preservation of Records of Public Utilities and Licensees, Natural Gas Companies, and Oil...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Utilities and Licensees, Natural Gas Companies, and Oil Pipeline Companies Issued...utilities and licensees, natural gas companies, and oil pipeline companies...utilities and licensees, natural gas companies and oil pipeline companies....

2000-08-07

28

8. VIEW OF INTERIOR WALL OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. VIEW OF INTERIOR WALL OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2. HOUSE, LOOKING EAST. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

29

4. VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2 HOUSE LOOKING SOUTH. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

30

3. VIEW OF EAST SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. VIEW OF EAST SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2 HOUSE LOOKING WEST. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

31

6. VIEW OF INTERIOR WALL OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. VIEW OF INTERIOR WALL OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2 HOUSE, LOOKING NORTH. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

32

1. VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW OF SOUTH SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2 HOUSE, LOOKING NORTH. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

33

7. VIEW OF INTERIOR WALL OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. VIEW OF INTERIOR WALL OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2. HOUSE, LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

34

2. VIEW OF WEST SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW OF WEST SIDE OF SARATOGA GAS LIGHT COMPANY GASHOLDER NO. 2 HOUSE, LOOKING EAST. - Saratoga Gas Light Company, Gasholder No. 2, Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation Substation Facility, intersection of Excelsior & East Avenues, Saratoga Springs, Saratoga County, NY

35

Gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies; 1977  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report provides a statistical summary of the year-end 1977 total reserves and deliverability of the interstate pipeline companies and pertinent comparisons with information developed from Form 15 annual reports filed over the preceding 14 years. Total dedicated domestic gas reserves owned and controlled by interstate pipeline companies declined in 1977 by 5.4 trillion cubic feet, or 5.5%, from 98.3

1979-01-01

36

75 FR 69136 - Southern California Edison Company, San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Units 2 and 3...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...50-361 and 50-362; NRC-2010-0101] Southern California Edison Company, San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Units 2 and...Nos. NPF-10, and NPF-15, issued to Southern California Edison Company (SCE, the licensee), for operation of the San...

2010-11-10

37

75 FR 12580 - Southern California Edison Company, San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Units 2 and 3...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...50-361 and 50-362; NRC-2010-0101] Southern California Edison Company, San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Units 2 and...Nos. NPF-10, and NPF-15, issued to Southern California Edison Company (SCE, the licensee), for operation of the San...

2010-03-16

38

65 FR 69251 - Preservation of Records of Public Utilities and Licensees, Natural Gas Companies, and Oil...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Utilities and Licensees, Natural Gas Companies, and Oil Pipeline Companies...Utilities and Licensees, Natural Gas Companies, and Oil Pipeline Companies...utilities and licensees, natural gas companies, and oil pipeline...

2000-11-16

39

65 FR 1484 - Preservation of Records of Public Utilities and Licensees, Natural Gas Companies, and Oil...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Utilities and Licensees, Natural Gas Companies, and Oil Pipeline Companies...Utilities and Licensees, Natural Gas Companies, and Oil Pipeline Companies December...utilities and licensees, natural gas companies, and oil pipeline...

2000-01-10

40

Rio Vista gas leak study: Belleaire Gas Field, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Rio Vista gas leak study evaluated methods for remotely sensing gas leaks from buried pipelines and developed methods to elucidate methane transport and microbial oxidation in soils. Remote-sensing methods were evaluated by singing gas leaks along an abandoned Pacific Gas and Electric (PG E) gas field collection line in northern California and applying surface-based and airborne remote-sensing techniques in

Wilkey

1992-01-01

41

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies: 1981  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents financial and operating information on all Class A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies operating in the United States during 1981. For accounting and reporting purposes, the FERC's Uniform System of Accounts defines Class A and B companies as follows: (1) Class A companies are those having annual gas operating revenues of $2,500,000 or more, and

Mack

1982-01-01

42

Gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1983  

SciTech Connect

This report provides information on the total reserves, production, and deliverability capabilities of the 86 interstate pipeline companies required to file the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Form 15, Interstate Pipeline's Annual Report of Gas Supply. Total dedicated domestic gas reserves, owned by or under contract to the interstate pipeline companies, decreased in 1983 by 4.2 trillion cubic feet (Tcf), or 4.3%, from 98.7 Tcf at the beginning of the year to 94.5 Tcf at the end of the year. A 5-year tabulation shows that dedicated domestic gas reserves increased slightly from 94.0 Tcf at the beginning of 1979 to 94.5 Tcf at the end of 1983, an increase of 0.5 Tcf, or 0.5%. Total gas purchased and produced from the dedicated domestic gas reserves in 1983 was 9.5 Tcf, down 13.1% from the 10.9 Tcf reported in the preceding year. The 1983 ratio of total dedicated domestic reserves to production was 10.0, significantly above the 9.0 ratio reported for 1982. Net revisions to dedicated domestic gas reserves during 1983 are calculated at -0.5 Tcf, as compared to 1.4 Tcf in 1982. Total interstate reserve additions during 1983 are reported to be 5.8 Tcf, compared to additions of 9.9 Tcf in 1982. Total natural gas imported by interstate pipeline companies from two foreign sources, Canada and Mexico, was 0.8 Tcf, 7.4% of the total gas produced and purchased in 1983. Imports of LNG from Algeria totaled only 0.09 Tcf. Total deliveries are projected to decline from 12.9 Tcf in 1984 to 7.1 Tcf by 1988. This decline is driven by the projected decline in domestic reserve deliverability. Deliveries from foreign and other sources are expected to remain relatively constant over the 5-year period. 8 figures, 18 tables.

Pridgen, V.

1984-11-01

43

Gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1978  

SciTech Connect

This report on the gas supplies of interstate natural gas pipeline companies for caldendar year 1978 is the fifteenth report on the gas supplies of these companies. Total dedicated domestic gas reserves owned and controlled by interstate pipeline companies increased in 1978 by 1.1 trillion cubic feet, or 1.2 percent, from 92.9 trillion cubic feet at the beginning of the year to 94.0 trillion cubic feet at the end of the year. Total interstate reserve additions during 1978 were nearly 8.4 trillion cubic feet, compared with additions at 5.8 trillion cubic feet for 1977. The total net additions and revisions to reserves during 1978 was 12.0 trillion cubic feet. In this report this figure is also referred to as gross change in reserves. Only when the total net of additions and revisions is greater than production is the volume of reserves increased. This is the first time that the total of additions and revisions is greater than the production since 1967 and is also the largest positive change since that year. Total gas purchased and produced from the dedicated domestic gas reserves is approximately the same as in 1977, 10.9 trillio cubic feet. The 1978 R/P ratio for the total domestic reserves and production was 8.7 as compared with the 1977 ratio of 8.5. This ratio has been declining throughout the fifteen year history of Form 15 reports. The ratio of gross change in reserves (revisions and additions) to production for 1978 was 1.10. For 1977 the comparable ratio was 0.51. When this ratio is less than unity, year-end reserves for that year will be less than the previous year. This ratio has exceeded unity for the first time since 1967.

Pappas, T.A.

1980-04-01

44

77 FR 60972 - The Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...that on August 9, 2012, The Gas Company, LLC (the Company...pursuant to section 3 of the Natural Gas Act (NGA) for authorization...to receive, unload, load, store, transport, gasify or process natural gas that is sourced on the...

2012-10-05

45

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 86-339-1741, EMCO High Voltage Company, Sutter Creek, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Possible exposure to several chemical substances during the fabrication of power supply modules was investigated at the EMCO High Voltage Company (SIC3679), Sutter Creek, California, at the request of an employee. Environmental air samples were collected ...

P. L. Belanger

1986-01-01

46

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 85-047-1632, General Telephone and Equipment Company, Carpenteria, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Environmental and breathing zone samples were analyzed for methyl-chloroform (71556), benzene (71432), and mineral spirits at General Telephone and Equipment Company (SIC-3361), Carpenteria, California in January, 1985. The evaluation was requested by a u...

P. L. Belanger

1985-01-01

47

78 FR 53745 - Gulf South Pipeline Company, LP; Petal Gas Storage, L.L.C.; Gulf South Pipeline Company, LP...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RP13-1245-000] Gulf South Pipeline Company, LP; Petal Gas Storage, L.L.C.; Gulf South Pipeline Company, LP; Notice of Application On August 13, 2013, Gulf South Pipeline Company, LP (Gulf South) and Petal Gas Storage,...

2013-08-30

48

CNG: Aiming to be an energy company, not a gas company  

SciTech Connect

Long before regulatory changes in the US paved the way for the union of natural gas and electric utility companies, Consolidated Natural Gas Co. (CNG) embarked on a strategy that would serve the company well in the 1990s. In 1995, CNG began a corporate repositioning to meet mounting competition, switching emphasis from its regulated businesses to the non-regulated side. The goal: to become an energy player, not only in the US but internationally. This paper focuses on the company`s operations, business plans, and management strategies. The paper gives an overview, then discusses production of oil and gas, the growing exploration program and plans for the future.

Wheatley, R.

1997-06-30

49

76 FR 6836 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Withdrawal of Application for Amendments to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...50-361 and 50-362; NRC-2011-0029] Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Withdrawal of Application for Amendments...Commission or NRC) has granted the request of Southern California Edison (SCE, the licensee) to withdraw its January 14, 2010,...

2011-02-08

50

Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies, 1986.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Financial and operating information are presented of all major interstate natural gas pipelines that operated in the United States during 1986. This report indicates that the 43 major interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assets totaling $54....

1987-01-01

51

California's new mandatory greenhouse gas reporting regulation  

SciTech Connect

Beginning in early 2009, approximately 1000 California businesses will begin reporting their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions based on the requirements of a new regulation adopted by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) in December 2007. California's mandatory GHG reporting regulation is the first rule adopted as a requirement of the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, passed by the California Legislature as Assembly Bill 32 (AB 32; Nunez, Chapter 488, Statutes of 2006) and signed by Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger in September 2006. The regulation is the first of its kind in the United States to require facilities to report annual GHG emissions. In general, all facilities subject to reporting are required to report their on-site stationary source combustion emissions of CO{sub 2}, nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O), and methane (CH{sub 4}). Some industrial sectors, such as cement producers and oil refineries, also must report their process emissions, which occur from chemical or other noncombustion activities. Fugitive emissions from facilities are required to be reported when specified in the regulation. Sulfur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) and hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) use is prevalent in electricity facilities and must be reported. CO{sub 2} emissions from biomass-derived fuels must be separately identified during reporting, and reporters must also provide their consumption of purchased or acquired electricity and thermal energy; these requirements will assist facilities in evaluating changes in their fossil fuel carbon footprints. 1 tab.

Patrick Gaffney; Doug Thompson; Richard Bode [California Air Resources Board, CA (United States)

2008-11-15

52

65 FR 50638 - Preservation of Records of Public Utilities and Licensees, Natural Gas Companies, and Oil...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Records of Public Utilities and Licensees, Natural Gas Companies, and Oil Pipeline Companies Issued August 15, 2000...regulations for public utilities and licensees, natural gas companies, and oil pipeline companies (``regulated...

2000-08-21

53

Methane gas recovery from sanitary landfills in Southern California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent efforts in Southern California to utilize methane gas as a new energy source in an economical and environmentally acceptable way are reviewed. Four basic approaches to utilizing methane gas from landfills are discussed: (1) delivery of low BTU (500 BTU) gas to adjacent interruptible gas consumers, (2) on-site treatment of landfill gas to produce pipeline quality synthetic natural gas,

K. K. Hekimian; W. J. Lockman; J. H. Hirt

1976-01-01

54

Oil and gas supplies for California: past and future  

Microsoft Academic Search

An historical survey and projection of oil and gas supplies for California to the year 2000 are detailed in this supplement to R-1793-CSA\\/RF, ''Energy Alternatives for California: Paths to the Future.'' California will continue to produce a major source of oil for state consumption although levels have been declining. Additional supplies are obtained from the Four Corners region (primarily Utah),

Nehring

1975-01-01

55

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies: 1981  

SciTech Connect

This report presents financial and operating information on all Class A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies operating in the United States during 1981. For accounting and reporting purposes, the FERC's Uniform System of Accounts defines Class A and B companies as follows: (1) Class A companies are those having annual gas operating revenues of $2,500,000 or more, and (2) Class B companies are those having annual gas operating revenues of more than $1,000,000 but less than $2,500,000. The 1981 financial and operating information presented in this report indicates that the 93 Class A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assets totaling $58.3 billion, as of December 31, 1981, compared with $48.8 billion on December 31, 1980. Gross gas utility plant investments at the end of the year amounted to $40.1 billion ($35.5 billion); and net gas utility plant assets amounted to $21.8 billion ($19.0 billion). The Class A and B pipeline companies reported total gas operating revenues of $55.7 billion ($45.3 billion), reflecting the effects of inflation and higher purchased gas costs. Sales of natural gas increased from 17.3 trillion cubic feet in 1980 to 17.8 trillion cubic feet in 1981. Sales of natural gas to ultimate consumers and to other gas utilities amounted to 3.3 trillion cubic feet (2.9 trillion cubic feet) and 14.5 trillion cubic feet (14.4 trillion cubic feet), respectively.Revenues from these sales amounted to $11.2 billion ($8.0 billion) and $42.1 billion ($35.3 billion). The total number of natural gas customers was 6,429,447 in 1981, compared with 5,274,757 in 1980. Of these, ultimate consumers totaled 6,426,546 (5,271,709) and 2901 (3048) wholesale gas utility customers.

Mack, J.

1982-10-01

56

Selection and Performance in a Gas Utility Company. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study of employment procedures at an unnamed gas utility company was made, examining selection procedures, white and blue collar employee performance, promotion rates, and turnover. The data is based on application files, interviews with management personnel, and employee records. The company relied primarily on walk-ins and employee referrals…

Joseph, Myron L.

57

Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies, 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Financial and operating statistics presented are compiled from annual reports (FPC Form No. 2) filed with the Energy Information Administration (EIA) by Classes A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies for the year ended December 31, 1977. Classe...

1978-01-01

58

Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies: 1981.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents financial and operating information on all Class A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies operating in the United States during 1981. For accounting and reporting purposes, the FERC's Uniform System of Accounts defines Class ...

J. Mack

1982-01-01

59

7. Claremont Gas Light Company/Gas Works, Monadnock Mills. The iron ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Claremont Gas Light Company/Gas Works, Monadnock Mills. The iron gas holder is still in place inside the remains of the exterior brick walls. - Monadnock Mills, 15 Water Street, Claremont, Sullivan County, NH

60

Rio Vista gas leak study: Belleaire Gas Field, California  

SciTech Connect

The Rio Vista gas leak study evaluated methods for remotely sensing gas leaks from buried pipelines and developed methods to elucidate methane transport and microbial oxidation in soils. Remote-sensing methods were evaluated by singing gas leaks along an abandoned Pacific Gas and Electric (PG E) gas field collection line in northern California and applying surface-based and airborne remote-sensing techniques in the field, including thermal imaging, laser imaging, and multispectral imagery. The remote-sensing techniques exhibited limitations in range and in their ability to correlate with ground truth data. To elucidate methane transport and microbial oxidation in soils, a study of a controlled leak permitted field testing of methods so that such processes could be monitored and evaluated. Monitoring and evaluation techniques included (1) field measurement of soil-gas concentrations, temperatures, and pressures; (2) laboratory measurement of soil physical/chemical properties and activity of methane-oxidizing microorganisms by means of field samples; and (3) development of a preliminary numerical analysis technique for combined soil-gas transport/methane oxidation. Soil-gas concentrations at various depths responded rapidly to the high rate of gas leakage. The number of methane-oxidizing microorganisms in site soils rapidly increased when the gas leak was initiated and decreased after the leak was terminated. The preliminary field, laboratory, and numerical analysis techniques tested for this study of a controlled gas leak could be successfully applied to future studies of gas leaks. Because soil-gas movement is rapid and temporally variable, the use of several complementary techniques that permit generalization of site-specific results is favored.

Wilkey, P.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States))

1992-08-01

61

77 FR 70487 - Southern California Edison Company; Establishment of Atomic Safety and Licensing Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California Edison Company; Establishment of Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Pursuant to...321, notice is hereby given that an Atomic Safety and Licensing Board (Board) is...decision in CLI-12-20 referring to the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel...

2012-11-26

62

78 FR 64553 - License Amendment Request for Homestake Mining Company of California, Grants Reclamation Project...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

The U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has received, by letter dated September 23, 2013, a request to amend Homestake Mining Company of California's (HMC's or Licensee's) license to change the background monitoring location used to measure radon-222 concentrations in...

2013-10-29

63

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies: 1979  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1979 financial and operating information of 89 Classes A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies is presented in this volume with reported assets totaling $44.4 billion as of December 31, 1979, compared with the $39.0 billion on December 31, 1978. (Comparative data for 1978 are indicated in parentheses). Gross gas utility plant investments at the end of the

R. O. Lyles; J. F. Hinton

1980-01-01

64

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies 1983  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1983 financial and operating information presented in this report indicates that the 102 Class A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assets totaling $70.1 billion, as of December 31, 1983, compared with $64.9 billion on December 31, 1982. Gross gas utility plant investments at the end of the year amounted to $46.5 billion; and net gas utility

Mack

1984-01-01

65

FTA figures in Alberta-California gas price tiff  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that Canadian government and industry officials are considering a grievance procedure under the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement in a natural gas price conflict with California regulators. Industry groups and the federal and Alberta governments are considering action under the FTA and other possible responses to recent rulings by the California Public Utilities Commission. Other options being considered are appeals against the CPUC policy to the U.S. energy secretary and the governor of California or court challenges. Meantime, Alberta's government the new export volumes of gas sales to California will be approved only after existing contracts with the 190 Alberta producers have been filled.

Not Available

1991-12-09

66

Gas Supplies of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies, 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides information on the total reserves, production, and deliverability capabilities of the 86 interstate pipeline companies required to file the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Form 15, Interstate Pipeline's Annual Report of Ga...

V. Pridgen

1984-01-01

67

Baseline Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Forests And Rangelands in California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report titled Baseline Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals for Forests and Rangelands in California sought to quantify the baseline of changes in carbon stocks on forest and range lands in California for the 1990's--filling the gaps for those secto...

B. Chambers B. Lee L. Spiegel M. Gravely M. Jones T. Kelley

2009-01-01

68

59 FR- Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application to Amend...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...94-81-NG] Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application...to Export Liquefied Natural Gas AGENCY: Office of Fossil...by Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation (PANGC) and Marathon Oil Company...

1994-12-09

69

60 FR 13721 - Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Order Amending Authorization to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...94-81-LNG] Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Order Amending...granted to Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation (PANGC) and Marathon Oil Company (Marathon) to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) to Japan....

1995-03-14

70

65 FR 1856 - Office of Fossil Energy; Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy; Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application...To Export Liquefied Natural Gas AGENCY: Office of Fossil...by Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation (PANGC) and Marathon Oil Company...

2000-01-12

71

65 FR 25475 - Office of Fossil Energy: Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy: Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application...To Export Liquefied Natural Gas AGENCY: Office of Fossil...by Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation (PANGC) and Marathon Oil Company...

2000-05-02

72

62 FR 9758 - Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application to Amend...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...96-99-LNG] Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application...To Export Liquefied Natural Gas AGENCY: Office of Fossil...by Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation (PANGC) and Marathon Oil Company...

1997-03-04

73

18 CFR 260.1 - FERC Form No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies. 260.1 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...No. 2, Annual report for Major natural gas companies. (a)...

2013-04-01

74

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1982  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1982 financial and operating information presented in this report indicates that the 97 Class A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assets totaling $64.9 billion, as of December 31, 1982, compared with $58.3 billion on December 31, 1981. Gross gas utility plant investments at the end of the year amounted to $44.1 billion ($40.1 billion); and net

Mack

1983-01-01

75

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1986  

SciTech Connect

Financial and operating information are presented of all major interstate natural gas pipelines that operated in the United States during 1986. This report indicates that the 43 major interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assets totaling $54.5 billion, as of December 31, 1986, compared with $60.1 billion on December 31, 1985. In some instances throughout this discussion of financial and operating information, comparative data for 1985 are indicated in parentheses following the amounts shown for 1986. Gross gas utility plant investments at the end of the year amounted to $43.1 billion ($43.7 billion); and net gas utility plant assets amounted to $19.3 billion ($20.7 billion). The major pipeline companies reported total gas operating revenues of $33.5 billion ($49.0 billion). Sales of natural gas decreased from 11.3 trillion cubic feet in 1985 to 7.8 trillion cubic feet in 1986. Sales of natural gas to ultimate consumers decreased from 1.4 trillion cubic feet in 1985 to .7 trillion cubic feet in 1986. Sales to other gas utilities decreased from 9.9 trillion cubic feet in 1985 to 7.1 trillion cubic feet in 1986. Revenues from these sales to ultimate consumers decreased from $6.5 billion in 1985 to $3.1 billion in 1986. Revenues from sales for resale to other gas utilities amounted to $26.7 billion in 1986 and $38.5 billion in 1985. 5 figs., 21 tabs.

Not Available

1987-10-29

76

Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies: 1979.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1979 financial and operating information of 89 Classes A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies is presented in this volume with reported assets totaling $44.4 billion as of December 31, 1979, compared with the $39.0 billion on December 31, 1...

R. O. Lyles J. F. Hinton

1980-01-01

77

Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies, 1985.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1985 financial and operating information presented in this report indicates that the 45 major interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assets totaling $60.1 billion, as of December 31, 1985, compared with $59.3 billion on December 31, 1984. ...

1986-01-01

78

Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies, 1978.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1978 financial and operating information of 86 Classes A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies is presented in this volume with reported assets totaling $39.0 billion as of December 31, 1978, compared with the $35.8 billion on December 31, 1...

1979-01-01

79

Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies, 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1984 financial and operating information presented in this report indicates that the 43 major interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assets totaling $59.3 billion, as of December 31, 1984, compared with $58.6 billion on December 31, 1983. ...

J. Mack

1985-01-01

80

Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies, 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1982 financial and operating information presented in this report indicates that the 97 Class A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assets totaling $64.9 billion, as of December 31, 1982, compared with $58.3 billion on December 31...

J. Mack

1983-01-01

81

Statistics of Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline Companies 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 1983 financial and operating information presented in this report indicates that the 102 Class A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assets totaling $70.1 billion, as of December 31, 1983, compared with $64.9 billion on December 3...

J. Mack

1984-01-01

82

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1982  

SciTech Connect

The 1982 financial and operating information presented in this report indicates that the 97 Class A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assets totaling $64.9 billion, as of December 31, 1982, compared with $58.3 billion on December 31, 1981. Gross gas utility plant investments at the end of the year amounted to $44.1 billion ($40.1 billion); and net gas utility plant assets amounted to $24.2 billion ($21.8 billion). The Class A and B pipeline companies reported total gas operating revenues of $64.2 billion, reflecting the effects of inflation and higher purchased gas costs. Sales of natural gas decreased from 17.8 trillion cubic feet in 1981 to 16.2 trillion cubic feet in 1982. Sales of natural gas to ultimate consumers decreased from 3.3 trillion cubic feet in 1981 to 2.8 trillion cubic feet in 1982. Sales to other gas utilities decreased from 14.5 trillion cubic feet in 1981 to 13.3 trillion cubic feet in 1982. Revenues from these sales to ultimate consumers amounted to $11.2 billion in 1981 and $12.0 billion in 1982. Revenues from sales for resale to other gas utilities amounted to $49.4 billion in 1982 and $42.1 billion in 1981. The total number of natural gas customers was 6,669,932 in 1982, compared with 6,429,447 in 1981. Of these, ultimate consumers totaled 6,666,947 (6,426,546) and 2985 (2901) wholesale gas utility customers. The collection of financial and operating statistics on the natural gas industry reported here is limited under the Natural Gas Act to that segment of the industry subject to the FERC's regulatory jurisdiction. Thus, the collected statistics represent less than full industry coverage.

Mack, J.

1983-12-23

83

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies: 1979  

SciTech Connect

The 1979 financial and operating information of 89 Classes A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies is presented in this volume with reported assets totaling $44.4 billion as of December 31, 1979, compared with the $39.0 billion on December 31, 1978. (Comparative data for 1978 are indicated in parentheses). Gross gas utility plant investments at the end of the year amounted to $33.0 billion ($30.4 billion); and net gas utility plant amounted to $17.9 billion ($16.5 billion). The Classes A and B Pipeline companies received total gas operating revenues of $35.5 billion ($26.0 billion) during the year 1979. This reflects the effect of inflation, of higher purchase gas cost, in addition to higher returns on equity capital needed to assure the financial integrity of the industry in the search for additional gas supplies. Sales of natural gas increased from 16.2 trillion cubic feet in 1978 to 17.7 trillion cubic feet in 1979. Sales of natural gas to ultimate consumers and to other gas utilities amounted to 2.8 trillion cubic feet (2.6 trillion cubic feet) and 14.8 trillion cubic feet (13.6 trillion cubic feet), respectively. Revenues from these sales amounted to $6.4 billion ($4.9 billion) and $27.6 billion ($20.0 billion), respectively. There was an average of 5,382,277 natural gas customers in 1979, compared with 5,181,895 in 1978. Of these averages, ultimate consumers numbered 5,379,270 (5,179,233) and 3007 (2662) wholesale gas utility customers. The collection of financial and operating statistics on the natural gas industry that is reported here is limited under the Natural Gas Act to that segment of the industry which is subject to the Commission's regulatory jurisdiction.

Lyles, R.O.; Hinton, J.F.

1980-10-01

84

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies 1983  

SciTech Connect

The 1983 financial and operating information presented in this report indicates that the 102 Class A and B interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assets totaling $70.1 billion, as of December 31, 1983, compared with $64.9 billion on December 31, 1982. Gross gas utility plant investments at the end of the year amounted to $46.5 billion; and net gas utility plant assets amounted to $24.9 billion. The Class A and B pipeline companies reported total gas operating revenues of $64.3 billion. Sales of natural gas decreased from 16.2 trillion cubic feet in 1982 to 14.3 trillion cubic feet in 1983. Sales of natural gas to ultimate consumers decreased from 2.8 trillion cubic feet in 1982 to 2.4 trillion cubic feet in 1983. Sales to other gas utilities decreased from 13.3 trillion cubic feet in 1982 to 11.9 trillion cubic feet in 1983. Revenues from these sales to ultimate consumers amounted to $11.9 billion in 1982 and $11.7 billion in 1983. Revenues from sales for resale to other gas utilities amounted to $49.2 billion in 1983 and $49.4 billion in 1982. The total number of natural gas customers was 6,708,271 in 1983, compared with 6,669,932 in 1982. Of these, ultimate consumers totaled 6,705,154, and there were 3117 wholesale gas utility customers. The collection of financial and operating statistics on the natural gas industry reported here is limited under the Natural Gas Act to that segment of the industry subject to the FERC's regulatory jurisdiction. Thus, the collected statistics represent less than full industry coverage. Major interstate natural gas pipeline companies with extensive transmission systems accounted for 88.3% of the total purchased gas, 88.7% of the total assets, 88.3% of the gas operating revenues, and 97.2% of the sales for resale. 28 tables.

Mack, J.

1984-11-01

85

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1985  

SciTech Connect

The 1985 financial and operating information presented in this report indicates that the 45 major interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assets totaling $60.1 billion, as of December 31, 1985, compared with $59.3 billion on December 31, 1984. (In some instances throughout this discussion of financial and operating information, comparative data for 1984 are indicated in parentheses following the amounts shown for 1985.) Gross gas utility plant investments at the end of the year amounted to $43.6 billion ($42.1 billion); and net gas utility plant assets amounted to $20.7 billion ($20.6 billion). The major pipeline companies reported total gas operating revenues of $49.0 billion ($56.1 billion). Sales of natural gas decreased from 13.2 trillion cubic feet in 1984 to 11.3 trillion cubic feet in 1985. Sales of natural gas to ultimate consumers decreased from 1.6 trillion cubic feet in 1984 to 1.4 trillion cubic feet in 1985. Sales to other gas utilities decreased from 11.6 trillion cubic feet in 1984 to 9.9 trillion cubic feet in 1985. Revenues from these sales to ultimate consumers decreased from $7.3 billion in 1984 to $6.5 billion in 1985. Revenues from sales for resale to other gas utilities amounted to $38.6 billion in 1985 and $45.3 billion in 1984. The total number of natural gas customers was 3,459,568 in 1985, compared with 3,435,602 in 1984. Of these, ultimate consumers totaled 3,456,685 (3,432,709), and there were 2883 (2893) wholesale gas utility customers. 21 tabs.

Not Available

1986-10-20

86

2nd Annual gas atlas and directory of gas marketing companies  

SciTech Connect

This is a special section which compiles minimal features on key personnel, offices, operations, and services of local gas distribution companies in the US and Canada. It provides information on the mailing and street addresses, telephone, and telefax numbers of these various companies.

NONE

1995-09-01

87

75 FR 81593 - Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. CP11-46-000] Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Application...2010. Take notice that on December 9, 2010, Kern River Gas Transmission Company (Kern River), 2755 E. Cottonwood Parkway, Suite...

2010-12-28

88

76 FR 65720 - Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. CP12-3-000] Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Request...Authorization Take notice that on October 6, 2011, Kern River Gas Transmission Company (Kern River) filed a prior notice application...

2011-10-24

89

77 FR 24483 - Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. AC12-53-000] Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Filing Take notice that on March 29, 2012, Kern River Gas Transmission Company (Kern River) submitted a request for authorization...

2012-04-24

90

76 FR 62397 - Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. CP11-46-000] Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Availability...for the Mountain Pass Lateral Project proposed by Kern River Gas Transmission Company (Kern River) in the above-referenced docket....

2011-10-07

91

78 FR 62012 - Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP13-132-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Availability of the Draft...proposed by Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company (Transco) in the above-referenced...Aviator Sports & Events Center,3159 Flatbush...

2013-10-11

92

75 FR 37785 - Louisville Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Baseline Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PR10-38-000] Louisville Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Baseline Filing June 23, 2010. Take notice that on June 21, 2010, Louisville Gas and Electric Company submitted a baseline filing of its FERC Operating Statement for services...

2010-06-30

93

75 FR 68607 - CenterPoint Energy-Illinois Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Baseline Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CenterPoint Energy--Illinois Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Baseline Filing November 1, 2010. Take notice that on October 28...Energy--Illinois Gas Transmission Company submitted a revised baseline filing of its Statement of Operating Conditions for...

2010-11-08

94

76 FR 46283 - Peoples Natural Gas Company LLC; Notice of Baseline Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. PR11-3-001] Peoples Natural Gas Company LLC; Notice of Baseline Filing Take notice that on July 20, 2011, Peoples Natural Gas Company LLC submitted a revised baseline filing of their Statement of Operating Conditions for services...

2011-08-02

95

60 FR 52960 - Filing and Reporting Requirements for Interstate Natural Gas Company Rate Schedules and Tariffs  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...18 CFR Part 154, et al. Natural Gas Companies (Natural Gas Act): Rate Schedule and Tariff...of products extracted from natural gas and other activities reported...others, incidental gasoline and oil sales, rents from gas...

1995-10-11

96

72 FR 10507 - Office of Fossil Energy; ConocoPhillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ConocoPhillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application...Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company, 37 FPC...Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company,...

2007-03-08

97

Examination of Failed Cast Iron Gas Pipe Line, Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, Baltimore, Maryland.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A 7-inch long section of 4-inch diameter grey cast iron pipe that fractured in low pressure natural gas service for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, Baltimore, Maryland was submitted by the Office of Pipeline Safety to the Engineering Metallurgy Se...

M. L. Picklesimer

1971-01-01

98

33 CFR 165.1151 - Security Zones; liquefied hazardous gas tank vessels, San Pedro Bay, California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Zones; liquefied hazardous gas tank vessels, San Pedro Bay, California. 165.1151 Section 165.1151 Navigation and Navigable...Zones; liquefied hazardous gas tank vessels, San Pedro Bay, California. (a) Definition. âLiquefied Hazardous...

2013-07-01

99

Sickness absence at the French National Electric and Gas Company.  

PubMed Central

The certified sickness absence of workers in the French National Electric and Gas Company was studied for 12 months and has been described according to the demographic and occupational characteristics of the employees. The results showed that the principal factors affecting absence are sex, job, and salary. The high percentage of absent women was explained by neither the type of occupation nor family status. Respiratory diseases, accidents, and musculoskeletal and psychiatric disorders were the leading diagnostic categories. Indices of severity, duration, and frequency were calculated and compared between groups. The duration of absence increased with the severity of the medical cause of absence and with the patient's age.

Chevalier, A; Luce, D; Blanc, C; Goldberg, M

1987-01-01

100

Rio Vista gas leak study: Belleaire Gas Field, California. Topical report, April 1989January 1991  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Rio Vista gas leak study evaluated methods for remotely sensing gas leaks from buried pipelines and developed methods to elucidate methane transport and microbial oxidation in soils. Remote-sensing methods were evaluated by singing gas leaks along an abandoned Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) gas field collection line in northern California and applying surface-based and airborne remote-sensing techniques in the

Wilkey

1992-01-01

101

Optimizing natural gas supply and energy portfolios of a generation company  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a deregulated electricity market environment, a natural gas-fired generation company must manage its natural gas supply and construct energy portfolios by engaging in contracts to buy natural gas and generate electricity. The contracts protect the company from fluctuations in prices and demands, but provide minimal profits. The company may gain larger profits-and possible loses-by accessing natural gas spot and

Oran Kittithreerapronchai; Panida Jirutitijaroen; Sujin Kim; J. Prina

2010-01-01

102

Domestic Natural Gas Reserves and Production Dedicated to Interstate Pipeline Companies, 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A preliminary compilation of information reported by interstate natural gas pipeline companies to the Energy Information Administration (EIA) on FERC Form 15, Interstate Pipeline's Annual Report of Gas Supply, indicates that domestic natural gas reserves ...

J. R. Arnold

1983-01-01

103

75 FR 51031 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...in place related laterals at Natural Gas' Herscher Mount Simon Storage...502-8659. Specifically, Natural Gas states that four of the five...Vice President, Regulatory Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of...

2010-08-18

104

76 FR 59681 - Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Technical Conference  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RP11-2328-000; RP04-274-000; RP11-2356-000] Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Technical...pursuant to section 4 of the Natural Gas Act (NGA), Kern River Gas Transmission Company (Kern River) filed revised tariff records in...

2011-09-27

105

75 FR 24942 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Natural proposes replace approximately...139th Street meter station. Natural states that it would cost approximately...Vice President, Regulatory Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of...

2010-05-06

106

High Natural Gas Prices Need Not Cook California's Economy: The Case for Liquefied Natural Gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

California is in the paradoxical position of being more economically dependent on natural gas than virtually any other state or nation, yet it faces limitations on available imports (restricted by transmission infrastructure capacity). The gap between growing demand and constrained supply has led to escalating prices. Since natural gas is fundamental to the production process of many products, these price

Philip J. Romero

107

Measurement of radon gas on major faults in California, USA  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Abundant data have been gathered through measurements of radon gas emission in the soil on several major active faults, such as San Andreas and Calaveras, in California, U.S.A.. They show radon emissions and their spatial variations at the unlocked, locked, and creeping sections of faults with different tectonic movements. The characteristics of these variations and the role of fault gases in the research on earthquake prediction are discussed in this paper. ?? 1994 Acta Seismologica Sinica.

Zhang, W.; King, C. -Y.

1994-01-01

108

64 FR 17649 - Office of Fossil Energy; Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Order...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy; Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Order Extending...held by Phillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company (Applicants) to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) from the...

1999-04-12

109

18 CFR 260.9 - Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service interruptions and damage to facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-04-01 false Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS (SCHEDULES) § 260.9 Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on...

2009-04-01

110

18 CFR 260.2 - FERC Form No. 2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies. 260.2 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...2-A, Annual report for Nonmajor natural gas companies. (a)...

2013-04-01

111

18 CFR 260.9 - Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service interruptions and damage to facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS (SCHEDULES) § 260.9 Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on...

2010-04-01

112

76 FR 5578 - PetroLogistics Natural Gas Storage Company, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...facilities: Conversion, into gas storage caverns, of existing...interconnect to Southern Natural Gas Company; meter station interconnects to Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC and...general headings: Geology and soils, Water resources,...

2011-02-01

113

Oil and gas exploration, offshore southern California  

SciTech Connect

Four local Tertiary basins comprise the regional Pacific Basin south of Point Conception: the San Diego trough and the offshore Los Angeles, Outer Banks, and Ventura-Santa Barbara Channel Basins. The San Diego trough has not been tested by deep wells. The offshore Los Angeles Basin produces oil and gas from Neogene sandstones in giant oil fields which extend on shore. The Outer Banks Basin is primarily a late cretaceous and Eocene-Oligocene basin which does not extend on shore; 6 test wells have been drilled since the 1975 sale, but no discoveries have been announced. The offshore Ventura-Santa Barbara Channel Basin produces oil and gas from Pliocene, Miocene, Oligocene, and Eocene sandstones and from fractured Monterey chert and siliceous shale of Miocene age; major future reserves are expected to be found in these reservoirs. 13 references.

Wallis, W.S.

1981-01-01

114

Greenhouse Gas Abatement with Distributed Generation in California's Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

The motivation and objective of this research is to determine the role of distributed generation (DG) in greenhouse gas reductions by: (1) applying the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM); (2) using the California Commercial End-Use Survey (CEUS) database for commercial buildings; (3) selecting buildings with electric peak loads between 100 kW and 5 MW; (4) considering fuel cells, micro-turbines, internal combustion engines, gas turbines with waste heat utilization, solar thermal, and PV; (5) testing of different policy instruments, e.g. feed-in tariff or investment subsidies.

Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael; Lipman, Tim; Lai, Judy; Cardoso, Goncalo; Megel, Olivier

2009-09-01

115

Invisible CO2 gas killing trees at Mammoth Mountain, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Since 1980, scientists have monitored geologic unrest in Long Valley Caldera and at adjacent Mammoth Mountain, California. After a persistent swarm of earthquakes beneath Mammoth Mountain in 1989, geologists discovered that large volumes of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) gas were seeping from beneath this volcano. This gas is killing trees on the mountain and also can be a danger to people. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) continues to study the CO2 emissions to help protect the public from this invisible potential hazard.

Sorey, Michael L.; Farrar, Christopher D.; Gerlach, Terrance M.; McGee, Kenneth A.; Evans, William C.; Colvard, Elizabeth M.; Hill, David P.; Bailey, Roy A.; Rogie, John D.; Hendley, James W., II; Stauffer, Peter H.

2000-01-01

116

Deregulation of the California electric power industry: An analysis of electric and natural gas corporate mergers and their effect on the California electric power market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Deregulation of the electric utility industry in California is moving in a direction that places greater reliance on the market forces of competition. Investor owned utilities (IOU's) are using mergers and acquisitions to improve their ability to compete in this new environment. Two large mergers were proposed in 1996 that could affect the California market. The first is between Enron Corporation, a large power marketer and Portland General Corporation, owner of Portland General Electric. The second is between Pacific Enterprises Inc., owner of Southern California Gas Company, the largest natural gas utility in the U. S., and Enova Corporation, owner of San Diego Gas and Electric Company. Understanding the impact of these mergers on the California electric power market is the focus of this study. This study examines hypotheses dealing with: (1) Merger Strategy, (2) Efficiency, and (3) Market Power. Using the Miles and Snow (1978) typology, I develop a strategic orientation model for the merger participants and their competitors. The results suggest a two-stage strategic orientation: (1) regulated core business stage, where the firms follow a Defender strategy, and (2) unregulated business stage, where the firms follow a Prospector strategy. Further, the results show the mergers are consistent with the strategy of Enron and Pacific Enterprises. Event study methodology, dollar gains/losses and market value weighted returns are used to determine if the mergers support the efficiency hypothesis. The evidence suggests the mergers lead to increased competitive advantage through improved efficiency for the participants. The results also suggest the mergers do not harm the rivals. The results of structural changes made by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) in deregulation of the California market and analysis of the mergers by the CPUC and the Public Utility Commission of Oregon suggest that the exercise of market power is not a significant issue. Finally, the likely winners in the deregulated environment in California are the broad-based IOU firms, which use a combination Defender/Prospector strategy and do not over-commit resources to mergers or acquisitions.

Hornbuckle, James Dixon

117

77 FR 28870 - Floridian Natural Gas Storage Company, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Comments on Environmental Issues The staff...will prepare an environmental assessment (EA) that will discuss the environmental impacts of the Floridan Natural Gas Storage Company...redeliver gas in its liquefied state to...

2012-05-16

118

77 FR 58126 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission's Regulations under the Natural Gas Act, and Transco's blanket...County, Illinois. In addition, Natural states that the two I/W wells...Vice President, Regulatory Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of...

2012-09-19

119

Cooperative Research and Development Agreement between the California Air Resources Board and Lockheed Martin Idaho Technologies Company. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the activities under a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) between Lockheed-Martin Idaho Technologies Company (LMITCO) and the California Air Resources Board (CARB). The activities were performed at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) between June 1995 and December 1997. Work under this agreement was concentrated in two task areas as defined in the California Air Resources Board`s contract number 94-908 having an approval date of June 9, 1995: Task 1--EV and HEV Vehicle Testing and Assessment and Task 4--Advanced Battery Testing.

Cole, G.H.

1998-04-01

120

78 FR 59650 - Subzone 9F, Authorization of Production Activity, The Gas Company, LLC dba Hawai'i Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...LLC dba Hawai'i Gas, (Synthetic Natural Gas), Kapolei, Hawaii On May 22, 2013, The Gas Company, LLC dba Hawai'i Gas submitted...FTZ) Board for its facility within Subzone 9F, in Kapolei, Hawaii. The notification was processed in accordance with the...

2013-09-27

121

66 FR 52913 - Reporting of Natural Gas Sales to California Market  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...authority to require natural gas companies to submit...fact, in Superior Oil, cited by TEMI...Commission's order requiring natural gas companies to file...to affiliates not natural gas companies. The Court...cites Continental Oil v. FPC, 519...

2001-10-18

122

Evaluation of Public Service Electric & Gas Company`s standard offer program, Volume I  

SciTech Connect

In May 1993, Public Service Electric and Gas (PSE&G), the largest investor-owned utility in New Jersey, initiated the Standard Offer program, an innovative approach to acquiring demand-side management (DSM) resources. In this program, PSE&G offers longterm contracts with standard terms and conditions to project sponsors, either customers or third-party energy service companies (ESCOs), on a first-come, first-serve basis to fill a resource block. The design includes posted, time-differentiated prices which are paid for energy savings that will be verified over the contract term (5, 10, or 15 years) based on a statewide measurement and verification (M&V) protocol. The design of the Standard Offer differs significantly from DSM bidding programs in several respects. The eligibility requirements and posted prices allow ESCOs and other energy service providers to market and develop projects among customers with few constraints on acceptable end use efficiency technologies. In contrast, in DSM bidding, ESCOs typically submit bids without final commitments from customers and the utility selects a limited number of winning bidders who often agree to deliver a pre-specified mix of savings from various end uses in targeted markets. The major objectives of the LBNL evaluation were to assess market response and customer satisfaction; analyze program costs and cost-effectiveness; review and evaluate the utility`s administration and delivery of the program; examine the role of PSE&G`s energy services subsidiary (PSCRC) in the program and the effect of its involvement on the development of the energy services industry in New Jersey; and discuss the potential applicability of the Standard Offer concept given current trends in the electricity industry (i.e., increasing competition and the prospect of industry restructuring).

Goldman, C.A.; Kito, M.S.; Moezzi, M.M.

1995-07-01

123

Paleontologic Salvage, Southern California Edison Company Ten Megawatt Solar Generating Pilot Plant, Daggett, San Bernardino County, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Paleontologic monitoring and salvage operations were performed by the San Bernardino County Museum Association during the construction phase of the Ten Megawatt Solar Generating Pilot Plant at Daggett, San Bernardino County, California. A large and varied...

R. E. Reynolds

1980-01-01

124

Environmental Consequences of Postulated Plutonium Releases from General Electric Company Vallecitos Nuclear Center, Vallecitos, California, as a Result of Severe Natural Phenomena.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Potential environmental consequences in terms of radiation dose to people are presented for postulated plutonium releases caused by severe natural phenomena at the General Electric Company Vallecitos Nuclear Center, Vallecitos, California. The severe natu...

J. D. Jamison E. C. Watson

1980-01-01

125

Greenhouse Gas Reductions: California Action and the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the absence of a federal program requiring greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions, a growing group of U.S. states are taking action in this arena. Significant actions have been undertaken in California and by a coalition of states from the Northeast ...

J. L. Ramseur

2007-01-01

126

75 FR 38093 - ConocoPhillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application for Blanket...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ConocoPhillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application for Blanket Authorization...ConocoPhillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation (CPANGC) and Marathon Oil Company (Marathon) (collectively Applicants), requesting...

2010-07-01

127

75 FR 4427 - Pacific Gas & Electric Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2009-0552] Pacific Gas & Electric Company; Notice of...and 2 Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E...20 years. Possible alternatives to the proposed action...action and reasonable alternative energy sources. The NRC is...

2010-01-27

128

78 FR 18970 - Trunkline LNG Company, LLC; Trunkline LNG Export, LLC; Trunkline Gas Company, LLC; Supplemental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...loop increases the volume of gas that can be transported through...Construction of the 0.5-mile-long gas feed line would occur within...general headings: geology and soils; land use; water resources...project develops. On natural gas facility projects, the...

2013-03-28

129

Helium soil-gas variations associated with recent central California earthquakes: precursor or coincidence  

SciTech Connect

Decreases in the helium concentration of soil-gas have been observed to precede six of eight recent central California earthquakes. Ten monitoring stations were established near Hollister, California and along the San Andreas Fault to permit gas collection. The data showed decreases occurring a few weeks before the earthquakes and concentrations returned to prequake levels either shortly before or after the earthquakes.

Reimer, G.M.

1981-05-01

130

66 FR 40245 - Notice of Order Imposing Reporting Requirements on Natural Gas Sales to California Market  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the rule in Continental Oil. The Commission's...requests that sellers of natural gas identify whether the...Burlinton Resources Oil & Gas Company LP, Conoco...Resources LLC, Marathon Oil, Texaco Natural Gas Inc. National...

2001-08-02

131

75 FR 53282 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Application for Amendment of License, and Soliciting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Company. e. Name of Project: Narrows No. 2--Smartville T.L. f. Location: The project is located in Yuba and Nevada Counties, California. g. Filed Pursuant to: Federal Power Act, 16 USC 791a-825r. h. Applicant Contact:...

2010-08-31

132

75 FR 51990 - CenterPoint Energy-Illinois Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Baseline Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CenterPoint Energy--Illinois Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Baseline Filing August 17, 2010. Take notice that on August 12, 2010, the applicant listed above submitted their baseline filing of its Statement of Operating Conditions for...

2010-08-24

133

77 FR 37669 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Natural's system capacity or on any of Natural's existing customers. Finally, Natural states that it would cost approximately...Newsome, Vice President, Regulatory Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America...

2012-06-22

134

75 FR 27774 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...cost of the facilities to be acquired by Natural is approximately $363,000. Natural proposes to acquire the facilities under...Newsome, Vice President, Regulatory Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America...

2010-05-18

135

76 FR 51970 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...proposed MAOP increase will allow Natural to operate more efficiently within...to the benefit of the market. Natural estimates the total cost of the...Vice President, Regulatory Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of...

2011-08-19

136

76 FR 48853 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...required for system operations. Natural's compressor Units 1 and 2...meet the level of service on Natural's Shamrock Lateral, all as...Vice President, Regulatory Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of...

2011-08-09

137

75 FR 55315 - Seminole Energy Services, LLC; Seminole Gas Company, LLC; Seminole High Plains, LLC; Lakeshore...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. IN09-9-000] Seminole Energy Services, LLC; Seminole Gas Company, LLC; Seminole High Plains, LLC; Lakeshore Energy Services, LLC; Vanguard Energy Services, LLC Notice of Amended Designation of Commission Staff...

2010-09-10

138

Environmental Review of Baltimore Gas and Electric Company's Proposed Perryman Power Plant Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BG&E) applied for a Certificate of Public Convenience and Necessity (CPCN) to construct and operate additional generating capacity at its Perryman site in Harford County, Maryland. The focus of the environmental rev...

J. Seinfeld L. Corio L. Rafalko N. Peters P. Hall R. Keating S. Schreiner

1995-01-01

139

75 FR 30021 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Saluda Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Teleconference...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Saluda Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Teleconference...for shortnose sturgeon for the Saluda Hydroelectric Project. The South Carolina Electric...telephone. The FERC contact for the Saluda Hydroelectric Project is Lee Emery. Please...

2010-05-28

140

75 FR 9202 - Pacific Gas & Electric Company; Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...prepared a Final Environmental Assessment (FEA) regarding Pacific Gas & Electric Company's...Creek, in the San Joaquin River Basin. The FEA analyzes the environmental effects of the...minimize any environmental effects. The FEA concludes that the proposed seismic...

2010-03-01

141

76 FR 53672 - South Carolina Electric & Gas Company; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electric & Gas Company; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and Soliciting Comments, Motions To Intervene, and Protests...an existing facility by adding four floating docks and the removal of three existing floating docks on Lake Murray. The...

2011-08-29

142

78 FR 8501 - Northern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...pursuant to section 7(c) of the Natural Gas Act (NGA), to amend its...operate facilities to offload liquefied natural gas (LNG) at its Garner LNG storage...will either: complete its environmental assessment (EA) and place it into...

2013-02-06

143

Ecology of Oil/Gas Platforms Offshore California  

SciTech Connect

The report summarizes the ecology of fishes and attached epifauna that associate with offshore oil and gas platforms of California and an evaluation of actual and potential use of the platforms for mariculture. The attached invertebrate biota in the upper 35 m of the water column is dominated by bay (Mytilus edulis) or California (M. californianus) mussels, depending upon location and/or age of the structure, with other mollusks, barnacles and polychaetes being of secondary importance. The attached community may take up to five years to fully develop. The fish fauna at shallow (less than 45 m of water), nearshore platforms is dominated by surfperches and rockfishes; major species in this assemblage are about equally divided between those with relatively large mouths (which consume large organisms such as crabs and small fish) and those with relatively small mouths (which graze on small epifauna and planktonic organisms). The fish fauna may take two years to attain a relatively stable community structure. The fish fauna at nearshore platforms is similar to that at natural reefs and oil islands in the area, but is more diverse among common species. As opposed to these other structures, platforms lack fish which associated with algae.

Allen, M.J.; Cowen, R.K.; Kauwling, R.J.; Mitchell, C.T.

1987-02-01

144

Subsurface gas offshore of northern California and its link to submarine geomorphology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The northern California continental margin contains evidence of abundant subsurface gas and numerous seafloor features that suggest a causative link between gas expulsion and geomorphology. Analyses of seismic reflection, sidescan sonar, and high-resolution multibeam bathymetric data show that the occurrence of subbottom gas and the migration processes beneath the shelf differ from those beneath the slope. Subsurface gas, inferred from

Janet W Yun; Daniel L Orange; Michael E Field

1999-01-01

145

Pipeline Accident Report - Boston Gas Company, Natural Gas Overpressure, Explosion and Fires, East Boston, Massachusetts, September 23, 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

About 2:53 a.m., e.d.t., on September 23, 1983, an alarm indicating that the pressure in a low pressure gas system had risen substantially in the East Boston, Massachusetts, area was received by the dispatcher at a Boston Gas Company control center. By 3 ...

1984-01-01

146

It is time to mutualize natural gas distributing companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Natural gas provided almost a third of our energy consumption by the mid-Fifties. Most of our reserves were discovered either before World War II or in the early postwar period. In the years since 1967 the net additions to our gas reserves have been less than half as large on the average, as the net withdrawals for consumption. Total U.S.

Renshaw

1977-01-01

147

Pacific Gas and Electric Company - Biomass energy activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pacific Gas and Electric activities in utilizing biomass for the production of gas and electricity are reviewed. Research is centering on quantifying the available resource, identifying viable conversion systems, determining the economics, and defining limiting factors such as balances between competing alternatives and institutional restraints. A feasibility study for a pyrolysis plant for producing syngas from San Francisco solid waste

M. J. Blanchet; B. M. Jenkins; J. G. Meyer; P. Maciel; R. F. Goldstein

1980-01-01

148

Characterization of industrial waste from a natural gas distribution company and management strategies: a case study of the East Azerbaijan Gas Company (Iran).  

PubMed

Although a fundamental prerequisite for the successful implementation of any waste management plan is the availability of sufficient and accurate data, there are few available studies regarding the characterization and management of gas distribution company waste (GDCW). This study aimed to characterize the industrial waste generated by the East Azerbaijan Gas Distribution Company (EAGDC) and to present environmental management strategies. The EAGDC serves 57 cities and 821 villages with a total population of more than 2.5 million as well as numerous industrial units. The methodology of this study was based on a checklist of data collected from each zone of the company, site visits (observation), and quantity and quality analysis according to the formal data available from different zones. The results indicate that more than 35 different kinds of industrial solid waste are generated in different industrial installations. The most important types of generated waste include empty barrels (including mercaptans, diesel fuel, deionized waters and oil), faulty gas meters and regulators, a variety of industrial oils, sleeves, filter elements and faulty pipes, valves and fittings. The results indicated that, currently, GDCW is generally handled and disposed of with domestic waste, deposited in companies' installation yards and stores or, sometimes, recycled through non-scientific approaches that can create health risks to the public and the environment, even though most of the GDCW was determined to be recyclable or reusable materials. This study concludes that gas distribution companies must pay more attention to source reduction, recycling and reusing of waste to preserve natural resources, landfill space and the environment. PMID:22683949

Taghipour, Hassan; Aslhashemi, Ahmad; Assadi, Mohammad; Khodaei, Firoz; Mardangahi, Baharak; Mosaferi, Mohammad; Roshani, Babak

2012-06-08

149

77 FR 17471 - PetroLogistics Natural Gas Storage Company, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...underground storage cavern to natural gas storage: Cavern 28, currently...expansion of the existing Southern Natural Gas Company (SONAT) Station...Cypress'), and Enterprise Products Partners' (Enterprise's) natural gas systems at SN...

2012-03-26

150

75 FR 9404 - Turtle Bayou Gas Storage Company, LLC; Amended Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...through interconnects with Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America...region. The Turtle Bayou Natural Gas Storage Project would consist...24-inch-diameter natural gas pipeline totaling about 12...general headings: Geology and soils; Land use; Water...

2010-03-02

151

Rio Vista gas leak study: Belleaire Gas Field, California. Topical report, April 1989--January 1991  

SciTech Connect

The Rio Vista gas leak study evaluated methods for remotely sensing gas leaks from buried pipelines and developed methods to elucidate methane transport and microbial oxidation in soils. Remote-sensing methods were evaluated by singing gas leaks along an abandoned Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) gas field collection line in northern California and applying surface-based and airborne remote-sensing techniques in the field, including thermal imaging, laser imaging, and multispectral imagery. The remote-sensing techniques exhibited limitations in range and in their ability to correlate with ground truth data. To elucidate methane transport and microbial oxidation in soils, a study of a controlled leak permitted field testing of methods so that such processes could be monitored and evaluated. Monitoring and evaluation techniques included (1) field measurement of soil-gas concentrations, temperatures, and pressures; (2) laboratory measurement of soil physical/chemical properties and activity of methane-oxidizing microorganisms by means of field samples; and (3) development of a preliminary numerical analysis technique for combined soil-gas transport/methane oxidation. Soil-gas concentrations at various depths responded rapidly to the high rate of gas leakage. The number of methane-oxidizing microorganisms in site soils rapidly increased when the gas leak was initiated and decreased after the leak was terminated. The preliminary field, laboratory, and numerical analysis techniques tested for this study of a controlled gas leak could be successfully applied to future studies of gas leaks. Because soil-gas movement is rapid and temporally variable, the use of several complementary techniques that permit generalization of site-specific results is favored.

Wilkey, P.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)

1992-08-01

152

Analysis of Oil and Gas Reserves, San Ardo Field, California. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The oil and gas reserves of San Ardo Field, California were analyzed. The following conclusions were reached. The San Ardo Field is one of the larger oil fields in California and contains significant reserves of crude oil. The low gravity--high viscosity ...

1975-01-01

153

Electricity Shortage in California  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Much to the dismay of Californians, two large utility companies, Pacific Gas and Electric Company and Southern California Edison Company, have been granted consumer rate increases for the price of electricity. This rate hike will affect over ten million California residents who have already endured more than 30 power alerts since June including threats of state-wide rolling blackouts. The deregulation of power prices in California has led to soaring wholesale costs for electricity and frozen customer prices, creating $8 million in combined losses for these two companies. The price for power in the West skyrocketed to $1,400 per megawatt hour, as compared to $35 per megawatt hour at this time last year. Meanwhile, US Department of Energy Secretary Bill Richardson extended an emergency order which forces marketers and generators with access power to provide electricity to California. Richardson blamed the power shortage on the booming technology industry which has caused electricity use in California to rise thirteen percent and energy use throughout the US to increase by fourteen percent in the past year. Although the consumer price increases have not been determined, Pacific Gas and Electric Co. has suggested a seventeen percent increase, which would raise the average monthly electricity bill in California from $54 to $63.

Missner, Emily D.

154

76 FR 36913 - Washington Gas Light Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. PR09-8-005] Washington Gas Light Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline Take notice that on June 15, 2011, Washington Gas Light Company (Washington Gas) filed a request for an...

2011-06-23

155

77 FR 10598 - BIOTECH Holdings Ltd., California Oil & Gas Corp., Central Minera Corp., Chemokine Therapeutics...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION [File No. 500-1] BIOTECH Holdings Ltd., California Oil & Gas Corp., Central Minera...current and accurate information concerning the securities of BIOTECH Holdings Ltd. because it has not filed any annual...

2012-02-22

156

Submarine landslides associated with shallow seafloor gas and gas hydrates off northern California  

SciTech Connect

The continental margin off California north of Cape Mendocino contains more landslides than any other region along the west coast of the US Factors contributing to the abundance of landslides are high levels of seismicity (historically one event of M6 or greater per decade), tectonic uplift and deformation, and large quantities (20 to 30 {times} 10{sup 6} tons) of fluvial sediment delivered to the margin each year. More recently, interstitial gas derived from biogenic and possible thermogenic sources, and from degraded gas hydrates, has been recognized as another potentially important factor in causing some of the slides. One of the more prominent slides is the Humboldt slide zone, west of Eureka on a 4{degree} slope at water depths of 250 to 500 m. The slide zone consists of large back-rotated blocks that failed in a retrogressive manner. The evidence for shallow gas is abundant. Acoustic masking and enhancement of reflectors below the slide are evident on high resolution records. Hundreds of pock marks up to 25 m in diameter are scattered throughout the area. Shallow cores indicate elevated levels (>10,000 mL/L) of methane gas in the upper 2 m of sediment. Similarly, the presence of gas hydrates is well documented. Initially inferred on the basis of a bottom simulating reflector (BSR), samples of gas hydrates have recently been obtained from the upper 1 m of the sea floor. Gas in bubble phase can markedly increase the pore fluid pressure and thereby decrease the effective stress of seafloor sediment and ultimately lead to failure. Gas hydrates contain enormous quantities of gas, and thus their presence, along with the abundant evidence of free gas, in the failure zone indicates a possible link between the gas hydrates and the slides.

Field, M.E. (Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (USA))

1990-06-01

157

Helium soil-gas variations associated with recent central California earthquakes: precursor or coincidence?  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Decreases in the helium concentration of soil-gas have been observed to precede six of eight recent central California earthquakes. Ten monitoring stations were established near Hollister, California and along the San Andreas Fault to permit gas collection. The data showed decreases occurring a few weeks before the earthquakes and concentratiosn returned to prequake levels either shortly before or after the earthquakes.-Author

Reimer, G. M.

1981-01-01

158

Northridge, California earthquake of January 17, 1994: Performance of gas transmission pipelines. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

On January 17, 1994 at 4:31 a.m., a magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Epicentered in the San Fernando Valley town of Northridge, California, the earthquake caused serious damage to buildings and sections of elevated freeways; ignited at least one hundred fires as it ruptured gas pipelines; and disrupted water supply systems. This reconnaissance report provides a performance analysis of gas transmission lines, both during this earthquake and during previous earthquakes, in Southern California.

O'Rourke, T.D.; Palmer, M.C.

1994-05-16

159

Domestic natural gas reserves and production dedicated to interstate pipeline companies, 1982  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary compilation of information reported by interstate natural gas pipeline companies to the Energy Information Administration (EIA) on FERC Form 15, Interstate Pipeline's Annual Report of Gas Supply, indicates that domestic natural gas reserves dedicated to the interstate market at the end of 1982 were 98.7 trillion cubic feet (Tcf), an increase of 0.4 percent from the 98.3 Tcf at the end of 1981. EIA's preliminary compilation indicates that the volume of natural gas produced from dedicated reserves in 1982 totaled 10.9 Tcf, a decrease of 8.9 percent from the 12.0 Tcf produced during 1981.

Arnold, J.R.

1983-06-01

160

Energy management and control system for Iowa-Illinois gas and electric company  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new control center for energy generation, transmission and distribution (both gas and electric) at Iowa-Illinois Gas and Electric Company improves operator control of the systems and eliminates most manual record-keeping. The system uses two Xerox Sigma 5 computers, each with an effective memory of 96,000 words and back-up stored memory of 12 million bytes. Using analog and digital inputs

L. G. Matteson; K. R. Anderson

1976-01-01

161

Offshore oil and gas development: southern California. Volume two  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes in detail the specific effects of OCS development in southern California. Volume I of the report examines localized adverse effects of OCS development and examines the potential for development. The report specifically makes recommendations concerning the currently pending southern California OCS Lease Sale No. 48. Volume II contains additional information in 8 appendices. These are entitled: Oil

C. Buckner; K. Monroe; R. B. Read

1977-01-01

162

Public Health Assessment for Stoker Company, Imperial, Imperial County, California, Region 9. CERCLIS No. CAD066635442.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Stoker Company is a pesticide dealer and crop dusting loading facility located in the County of Imperial, approximately 25 miles from the Mexican border. The 26-acre site is barren with no vegetation. Operations at the facility, beginning in 1966, have ca...

1994-01-01

163

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1984. [1983 and 1984  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1984 financial and operating information presented in this report indicates that the 43 major interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assests totaling $59.3 billion, as of December 31, 1984, compared with $58.6 billion on December 31, 1983. (In some instances throughout this discussion of financial and operating information, comparative data for 1983 are indicated in parentheses following the amounts

Mack

1985-01-01

164

Knowledge management of foreign subsidiaries of international oil and gas contracting companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To present the findings of a study which examined the application of knowledge management of subsidiaries of foreign oil and gas contracting companies in Malaysia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The subsidiaries were examined on how engineering and project management knowledge was created, captured, stored, shared and protected. These processes were traced by looking at the organisational facets of culture and

Abdul-Rashid Abdul-Aziz; Kim Zoo Lee

2007-01-01

165

Long range forecast of power demands on the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company system. Volume 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report presents the results of an econometric forecast of peak and electric power demands for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGandE) through the year 2003. The report describes the methodology, the results of the econometric estimations and associated summary statistics, the forecast assumptions, and the calculated forecasts of energy usage and peak demand. Separate models were estimated for

S. L. Estomin; M. I. Kahal

1985-01-01

166

Failure analysis report: Heat exchanger tubes geothermal binary power plant, Magma Electric Company, East Mesa, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Radian received twelve sections of heat exchanger tubing from the Magma Electric Company's 10MW(e) East Mesa binary geothermal power plant. Three tube sections were received from each of four shell and tube heat exchangers (HX1, Hx6, HX8, and Hx10) of the isobutane vaporizer train. All samples were taken from the upper few rows of tubes. Two months later, four more

Dennis M. Anliker; Peter F. II Ellis

1982-01-01

167

76 FR 23808 - Humble Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. PR09-17-003] Humble Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline Take notice that on April 15, 2011, Humble Gas Pipeline Company (HGPC) filed a request for an extension...

2011-04-28

168

Oil, gas, uranium, and thorium: Supply and depletion, with special reference to California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The assessment of global resources of gas, oil, uranium, and thorium with emphasis on California is presented. The forecasting of depletion is presented for the resources from the historical production data, the estimate of future production, and the size of the total resource available. Detailed data are provided under the following chapters: methodology; oil supplies; oil depletion forecasts; natural gas

I. Y. Borg; R. Stone; K. P. Puchlik

1976-01-01

169

Impact on gas distribution companies of federally approved special marketing programs  

SciTech Connect

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) responded to changing conditions in the natural gas industry with several different approaches to enhance the marketability of natural gas. The Commission has taken steps to promote increased use of natural gas, and has attempted to experiment with programs designed to retain or regain loads lost to competing fuels. Whether these efforts will be successful remains to be seen, but it is inevitable that any one program may adversely affect certain distributors more than others. Distribution companies have little alternative but to participate in shaping FERC decisions. The Commission should encourage agency arrangements which require cooperation and ultimate supervision by FERC to achieve price reduction. 105 references.

Tiano, J.R.; Bonnifield, R.P.

1984-01-01

170

Production and utilization of coalbed methane gas in Island Creek Coal Company mines  

SciTech Connect

Occidental Research Corporation has for the past five years been actively engaged in a research program of draining methane gas from Island Creek Coal Company's deep mines in the Virginia Pocahontas Division. The technique consists of drilling long horizontal inseam holes in advance of mining. Current reseach activities include production and capturing of the gas and utilization at the mine plant for drying the coal. Coal dryers have been retrofitted with gas burners to replace fuel oil and pulverized coal for drying coal. 3 refs.

Von Schonfeldt, H.; Pothini, B.R.; Aul, G.N.; Jenderson, R.L.

1982-01-01

171

Cool companies: How the best businesses boost profits and productivity by cutting greenhouse gas emissions  

SciTech Connect

A number of companies see the prospect of reducing greenhouse gas emissions not as a roadblock to growth and innovation but as a unique opportunity to increase profits and productivity. These ``cool`` companies understand the strategic importance of reducing heat-trapping emissions and have worked to cut their emissions by fifty percent or more. In Cool Companies, energy expert Joseph Romm describes the experiences of these remarkable firms, as he presents more than fifty case studies in which bottom line improvements have been achieved by improving processes, increasing energy efficiency, and adopting new technologies. Romm places efforts to reduce emissions in the context of proven corporate strategies, showing managers how they can build or retrofit their operations with the latest technologies to reduce emissions and achieve quick returns on the investment. Case studies explain: the concept of lean production and why systematic efforts to reduce productivity, greatly compounding gains achieved from increased energy efficiency; options for cool power from cogeneration to solar, wind, and geothermal energy; and energy efficiency in manufacturing, including motors and motor systems, steam, and process energy. In profiling successful companies such as DuPont, 3M, Compaq, Xerox, Toyota, Verifone, Perkin-Elmer, and Centerplex, among many others, Cool Companies turns on its head the notion that the effort to combat global warming will come with massive costs to the industrial sector. It is a unique and essential business book for anyone concerned with increasing profits and productivity while reducing a greenhouse gas emissions.

Romm, J.J.

1999-11-01

172

Trace gas and particulate emissions from the 2003 southern California wildfires  

Microsoft Academic Search

In October 2003, thirteen major wildfires in southern California burned more than 300,000 hectares of mainly chaparral biome. High-precision in situ trace gas and particle measurements of the wildfire plumes in La Jolla, California, showed a high degree of correlation among carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nonmethane hydrocarbons, and methyl halide mixing ratios, as well as with particle number concentrations

J. Mühle; T. J. Lueker; Y. Su; B. R. Miller; K. A. Prather; R. F. Weiss

2007-01-01

173

Statistics of interstate natural gas pipeline companies, 1984. [1983 and 1984  

SciTech Connect

The 1984 financial and operating information presented in this report indicates that the 43 major interstate natural gas pipeline companies reported assests totaling $59.3 billion, as of December 31, 1984, compared with $58.6 billion on December 31, 1983. (In some instances throughout this discussion of financial and operating information, comparative data for 1983 are indicated in parentheses following the amounts shown for 1984.) Gross gas utility plant investments at the end of the year amounted to $42.1 billion ($40.9 billion); and net gas utility plant assets amounted to $20.6 billion ($21.1 billion). The major pipeline companies reported total gas operating revenues of $56.1 billion ($56.8 billion). Sales of natural gas increased from 12.9 trillion cubic feet in 1983 to 13.2 trillion cubic feet in 1984. Sales of natural gas to ultimate consumers increased from 1.3 trillion cubic feet in 1983 to 1.6 trillion cubic feet in 1984. Sales to other gas utilities were 11.6 trillion cubic feet in 1983 and 1984. Revenues from these sales to ultimate consumers increased from $6.0 billion in 1983 to $7.3 billion in 1984. Revenues from sales for resale to other gas utilities amounted to $45.3 billion in 1984 and $47.7 billion in 1983. The total number of natural gas customers was 3,435,602 in 1984, compared with 2,751,197 in 1983. Of these, ultimate consumers totaled 3,432,709 (2,748,260), and there were 2,893 (2,937) wholesale gas utility customers. 12 tabs.

Mack, J.

1985-10-23

174

Assessment of Undiscovered Natural Gas Resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California, 2006  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently completed a new assessment of undiscovered natural gas resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS mean estimates of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources are 534 billion cubic feet of natural gas and 323 thousand barrels of natural gas liquids in the Sacramento Basin Province. Additional undiscovered oil accumulations larger than 0.5 million barrels are considered unlikely.

Scheirer, Allegra Hosford; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Magoon, Leslie B.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Schenk, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

175

Failure analysis report: Heat exchanger tubes geothermal binary power plant, Magma Electric Company, East Mesa, California  

SciTech Connect

Radian received twelve sections of heat exchanger tubing from the Magma Electric Company's 10MW(e) East Mesa binary geothermal power plant. Three tube sections were received from each of four shell and tube heat exchangers (HX1, Hx6, HX8, and Hx10) of the isobutane vaporizer train. All samples were taken from the upper few rows of tubes. Two months later, four more tube sections were received. These four sections were taken from the lower rows of heat exchangers 1, 6 (two sections), and 10. Radian was requested to investigate the cause of severe pitting failure of these heat exchanger tubes. This report is part of a continuing DOE effort to gain insight into the service life of component materials employed in geothermal energy utilization.

Anliker, Dennis M.; Ellis, Peter F. II

1982-05-01

176

77 FR 38790 - Noble Americas Gas & Power Corp., LNG Development Company, LLC, LNG Development Company, LLC (d/b...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Orders Granting Authority To Import and Export Natural Gas and Liquefied Natural Gas During May 2012 AGENCY: Office of Fossil Energy...Orders granting authority to import and export natural gas and liquefied natural gas. These Orders are...

2012-06-29

177

77 FR 58373 - Trunkline LNG Company, LLC; Trunkline LNG Export, LLC; Trunkline Gas Company, LLC; Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...feed gas line to supply natural gas to the liquefaction facility from existing gas transmission pipelines; Approximately...Construction of the planned feed gas pipeline, LNG line, and vapor...general headings: Geology and soils; Land use; Water...

2012-09-20

178

Early utility experience with wind power generation. Volume 2. Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Solano County project. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report is one of three presenting the results of EPRI Research Project 1590-1, Evaluation of Electric Utility Experience with Wind Power Generation. The objective of this project was to develop an improved understanding of wind power generation, in particular the process a utility must undergo to initiate and carry out a wind turbine project. The primary tasks of RP1590-1 were to document and evaluate the experience of two utilities with megawatt-scale wind turbine installations from project inception to the wind turbine's first rotation. This technical report presents the experiences of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E) with its wind turbine installation at Solano County, California. All documents and reports pertaining to PG and E's experience with wind energy at Solano County were reviewed and excerpts made of the highlights. Gaps in the documentation were filled by talking with appropriate people. Site visits were conducted to monitor current activity. The information obtained was evaluated for its generic relevance and benefit to other utilities. The chronology of steps taken by PG and E in implementing the Solano wind turbine experience and some of the lessons learned are included in the report. In each section, important activities, critical assumptions, and interesting insights which might benefit other utility wind programs are identified.

McCabe, T.; Henry, G.; Tennis, M.; Goldenblatt, M.

1984-01-01

179

Geology and oil and gas exploration in California's offshore basins  

Microsoft Academic Search

California's continental shelf contains 12 large pull-apart basins that formed by transtensional extension during Neogene transform margin tectonics. Most are elongate basins, subparallel to regional dextral strike-slip fault zones, and contain from 5000 to 30,000 ft of Neogene sediments. The common Neogene stratigraphic sequence consists of a relatively thin, transgressive, shallow marine sand and a shelf to slope succession that

W. E. Crain; S. P. Thurston

1986-01-01

180

Underground storage of natural gas by interstate pipeline companies for 1978 and winter 1978-1979. Energy data report  

Microsoft Academic Search

Underground storage of natural gas by pipeline companies subject to the jurisdiction of the Federal Regulatory Commission (FERC) are given for the most recent calendar year and of the most recent winter heating season. Annual data are based on FERC Form 2, annual reports of 32 companies, and winter data are from FERC Form 8, semi-monthly reports of 32 pipeline

1980-01-01

181

Clean low-calorific fuel gas from coal: a case study of the Caterpillar Tractor Company Coal Gasification Plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the fall of 1979, Caterpillar Tractor Company started up the first commercial coal gasification plant in the U.S. to produce cold, clean, desulfurized fuel gas from bituminous coal. The project represent a seven-year effort by the company to find another fuel supply for its York (PA) facility. Startup was followed by several months of debugging, which resulted in modifications

J. T. Stewart; K. M. Johnson

1982-01-01

182

The tidal influence on oil and gas emissions from an abandoned oil well: Nearshore Summerland, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oil and gas emissions were quantified for natural and human sources in nearshore waters off Summerland, California through deployment of custom designed collection tents. Seepage was measured at a repeatedly abandoned well, on the seabed from a caisson located along the historical location of the Treadwell Wharf, where the world’s first off-shore oil wells were drilled at the end of

Ira Leifer; Ken Wilson

2007-01-01

183

Megabenthic Invertebrates on Shell Mounds Under Oil and Gas Platforms Off California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Twenty-seven oil and gas platforms are located off the California coast, in waters up to 365 m deep. When a platform becomes uneconomical to operate for its original use, it faces decommissioning, a complex process involving state and federal agencies and...

J. H. R. Goddard M. S. Love

2008-01-01

184

Recovery and utilization of methane gas from a sanitary landfill: City of Industry, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The design and installation of a system to recover and utilize methane gas produced in a completed sanitary landfill is described. A 160-acre landfill, completed in 1967, is located within a larger 500-acre parcel owned and currently under development by the City of Industry, California. The overall development includes two 18-hole championship golf courses, golf clubhouse and service facilities, an

R. P. Stearns; T. D. Wright; M. Brecher

2008-01-01

185

FULL-SCALE DUAL ALKALI FGD (FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION) DEMONSTRATION AT LOUISVILLE GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report summarizes the 1-year demonstration of the full-scale dual-alkali flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system at Louisville Gas and Electric Co.'s (LG/E's) Cane Run Unit 6. Systems performance is described in terms of performance guarantees and other parameters that were mon...

186

75 FR 75704 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 And 2); Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...REGULATORY COMMISSION [Docket Nos. 50-275-LR; 50-323-LR] Pacific Gas and Electric Company (Diablo Canyon Nuclear Power Plant, Units 1 And 2); Notice of Appointment of Adjudicatory Employee Commissioners: Gregory B. Jaczko,...

2010-12-06

187

Influence of shales on steamflood response as interpreted from gas saturation history, Kern River field, California  

SciTech Connect

Comparing gas saturation distribution over time (gas saturation history) with the distribution of shales in a heavy oil steamflood project in Kern River field, California, illustrates the influence of shales on steamflood response. This comparison shows that although shales as thin as 1 ft can contribute to local vertical confinement of injected steam, shales up to 20 ft thick can allow sufficient conductive heat transfer to accelerate oil production in a sand overlying a steamflood zone.

Sanford, S.J.; Merrell, J.M.

1989-04-01

188

Characterization of gas fields by petroleum system, Sacramento Basin, California  

SciTech Connect

The Sacramento Basin, a north-trending forearc basin, contains Late Jurassic to Holocene sedimentary rocks that thicken to the south. The basin fill is about 300 km long, 80 km wide, and as much as 16 km thick. Because the 157 gas fields with original reserves of 9.14 tcf (1012 ft3) cover a large area, a change in chemical composition due to migration from wet gas to pure methane is recorded. On the basis of the carbon-isotopic composition of methane and stratigraphic occurrence, two petroleum systems have been identified in the Sacramento Basin. The Dobbins-Forbes( ) gas system, which contained about 2.25 tcf of recoverable gas, underlies the Winters-Domengine( ) gas system, which contained about 6.89 tcf of recoverable gas. Gas migrated laterally to the north as far as 200 km in the Dobbins-Forbes( ) system, whereas in the Winters-Domengine( ) system, gas first migrated vertically and then crossed the Midland Fault to the east for as far as 40 km. In both systems, depth of gas production is less than 3 km. By applying the petroleum-system concept and available information about the geology and geochemistry of this province, our study provides a new testable hypothesis for the origin, migration, and accumulation of gas in the Sacramento Basin. By reinterpreting some of the natural-gas information, along with data on gas wetness, gas-oil ratio, vectors of migration, hydrocarbon volume, and thermal history, two gas systems have been identified.

Magoon, L.B.; Valin, Z.C. (Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States)); Reid, R.A. (California Division of Oil, Gas and Geothermal Resources, Sacramento, CA (United States))

1996-01-01

189

Domestic natural gas reserves and production dedicated to interstate pipeline companies, 1984. Preliminary data report  

SciTech Connect

A preliminary compilation of information reported by interstate natural gas pipeline companies to the Energy Information Administration (EIA) on Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Form 15, ''Interstate Pipeline's Annual Report of Gas Supply,'' indicates that domestic natural gas reserves dedicated to the interstate market at the end of 1984 were 90.2 trillion cubic feet, a decrease of 4.5% from the 94.5 trillion cubic feet at the end of 1983. EIA's preliminary compilation indicates that the volume of natural gas produced from dedicated reserves in 1984 totaled 10.3 trillion cubic feet, an increase of 8.9% from the 9.5 trillion cubic feet produced during 1983. Of the 90.2 trillion cubic feet of dedicated domestic reserves reported at the end of 1984, 9.5 trillion cubic feet (10.6%) were interstate pipeline owned reserves, 80.2 trillion cubic feet (88.9%) were dedicated under independent producer contracts, and 0.5 trillion cubic feet were committed to the interstate market from intrastate supplies. Production from interstate pipeline owned reserves totaled 0.4 trillion cubic feet in 1984, 3.5% of the total production. Production from reserves dedicated under contracts with independent producers totaled 9.9 trillion cubic feet, 95.3% of the total. The remaining 0.1 trillion cubic feet is production from intrastate gas supplies. The 25 major interstate pipeline companies owned or held under contract 96.8% of the reserves and 96.7% of the production reported. The gross change in reserves during 1984 totaled 6.1 trillion cubic feet, compared to 5.3 trillion cubic feet during 1983. The reserves-to-production ratio was 8.7 at the end of 1984, significantly below the 10.0 ratio at the end to 1983. 4 tabs.

Not Available

1985-08-05

190

Case studies in technology choice. Volume 1. Baltimore Gas and Electric Company. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents an illustrative case study using the EPRI technology choice model (TCM). This model is designed to help individual utilities choose technologies and explain their choices. It allows utilities to compare the economic and environmental effects of different technologies using management's judgment about those effects. The study examines technology choice complexities, including multiple objectives, uncertainties, and the significance of timing. The Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGE) anticipates increased electricity demand and is considering several new coal-fired technologies for generating 600 MWe at its Perryman site in the 1990s. This case study examines the questions of which coal technology BGE should use and in which year the new facility should be scheduled for service. The technologies considered are a conventional coal-fired facility, an atmospheric fluidized-bed facility, a KILnGAS integrated coal gasification - combined-cycle (IGCC) facility, and a Texaco IGCC facility.

Keeney, R.L.; Lathrop, J.W.; Sicherman, A.

1985-01-01

191

SURVEY OF FLUE GAS DESULFURIZATION SYSTEMS: CANE RUN STATION, LOUISVILLE GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of a survey of operational flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems on coal-fired utility boilers in the U.S. The FGD systems installed on Units 4, 5, and 6 at the Cane Run Station are described in terms of design and performance. The Cane Run No. 4 FGD sys...

192

Spatial and intertemporal arbitrage in the California natural gas transportation and storage network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intertemporal and spatial price differentials should provide the necessary signals to allocate a commodity efficiently inside a network. This dissertation investigates the extent to which decisions in the California natural gas transportation and storage system are taken with an eye on arbitrage opportunities. Daily data about flows into and out of storage facilities in California over 2002-2006 and daily spreads on the NYMEX futures market are used to investigate whether the injection profile is consistent with the "supply-of-storage" curve first observed by Working for wheat. Spatial price differentials between California and producing regions fluctuate throughout the year, even though spot prices at trading hubs across North America are highly correlated. In an analysis of "residual supply", gas volumes directed to California are examined for the influence of those fluctuations in locational differentials. Daily storage decisions in California do seem to be influenced by a daily price signal that combines the intertemporal spread and the locational basis between California and the Henry Hub, in addition to strong seasonal and weekly cycles. The timing and magnitude of the response differs across storage facilities depending on the regulatory requirements they face and the type of customers they serve. In contrast, deviations in spatial price differentials from the levels dictated by relative seasonality in California versus competing regions do not trigger significant reallocations of flows into California. Available data for estimation of both the supply-of-storage and residual-supply curves aggregate the behavior of many individuals whose motivations and attentiveness to prices vary. The resulting inventory and flow profiles differ from those that a social planner would choose to minimize operating costs throughout the network. Such optimal allocation is deduced from a quadratic programming model, calibrated to 2004-2005, that acknowledges relative seasonality in demand, trade-offs between transportation and storage costs, infrastructure configuration and regulatory requirements. A comparison of the simulated equilibrium with observed behavior identifies where the arbitrage opportunities lie. Moreover, scenario analysis of such as a LNG terminal or additional storage capacity in California reveals the considerable indirect network effects brought about by changes at any node or arc.

Uria Martinez, Rocio

193

An optimization model for risk management in natural gas supply and energy portfolio of a generation company  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a mathematical model to manage natural gas supply and energy portfolio of a generation company. The model incorporates financial risks associated with the decision-making process of buying and selling both natural gas and electricity while keeping the interaction between the two markets. Using stochastic programming framework, the problem formulation considers uncertainties associated with electricity prices and natural

Usama Asif; Panida Jirutitijaroen

2009-01-01

194

76 FR 37843 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Unit 1 and 2; Exemption  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...50-323] Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Unit 1 and 2; Exemption 1.0 Background Pacific Gas...DPR-82, which authorize operation of the Diablo Canyon Power Plant, Unit 1 and 2 (DCPP). The licenses provide,...

2011-06-28

195

Pipeline Accident Report - El Paso Natural Gas Company Compressor Station Explosion and Fire, Bloomfield, New Mexico, May 26, 1983.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

At 12:04 p.m., mountain daylight time, on May 26, 1983, natural gas at 815 pounds/square inch gage began to escape through a failed gasket in a compressor at the El Paso Natural Gas Company's Blanco Field Plant near Bloomfield, New Mexico. The compressor ...

1983-01-01

196

Stationing a U.S. Army Reserve Black Hawk Helicopter Company at Joint Forces Training Base Los Alamitos, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Environmental Assessment (EA) analyzes the potential environmental effects associated with the stationing and operation of a United States (U.S.) Army Reserve (USAR) Black Hawk Company (the Company) at Joint Forces Training Base (JFTB) Los Alamitos (...

C. Howard D. Becker K. Collins M. Collins S. Jackson

2011-01-01

197

Oil and gas markets, companies, and technology in the 1990`s and beyond  

SciTech Connect

During the late 1990`s and beyond, oil prices will be stagnant while costs increase, competition for markets and capital will be fierce, funds available for exploration and development will be limited, and environmental extremists will keep prospective areas off-limits. Higher taxes will limit growth in oil and gas demand and reapportion energy market shares. And a campaign to brand oil use as an ``addiction`` that must be cured will gather steam. But opportunities abound, too, even in the US High-quality properties are available throughout the US, independents can find and develop reserves cheaper than the majors, and new tools are available to reduce risks both in the field and in the market. Gas prices are firming and natural gas is often labeled the ``fuel of the future.`` To succeed in the petroleum industry of the 1990`s, all companies must accept change, be creative, and take initiative. To prosper, oil and gas producers and refiners and those who supply and serve the industry must face the new realities of the market. They cannot mark time until the return of 4,000 active rigs and $40/bbl oil. those days are never coming back. Never.

Kennedy, J.L.

1995-08-01

198

Natural Gas - Microbe Interactions in Southern California Bight Seep Environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The microbial consumption of methane (C1), ethane (C2), propane (C3) and n-butane (nC4) was investigated by quantifying the distributions of these gases and other related chemicals in marine gas seeps, and through laboratory incubations of seep sediment. In-situ porewater samplers (peepers) were deployed in the sediments surrounding hydrocarbon seeps at Santa Monica Basin, Santa Barbara Basin and Coal Oil Point and were used along with traditional coring techniques to quantify the natural distributions of C1-C4 hydrocarbons. Chemical distributions display major distinctions based upon the distance to a gas vent, even over distances of only 30 cm. This data and preliminary methane oxidation rate measurements suggest high rates of methane oxidation in close proximity to natural gas vents and the possible preferential degradation of higher hydrocarbons at shallower depths. Additional sediment incubation experiments are underway, and results will be presented.

Kinnaman, F. S.; Valentine, D. L.

2007-12-01

199

Proposed 1979 Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sale Offshore Southern California. Volume 3. OCS Sale No. 48.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Final Environmental Statement (FES), Sale No. 48, covered the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) oil and gas lease sale area offshore Southern California. The Environmental Statement considered available data and evaluated potential effects of the proposed sal...

1979-01-01

200

Soil-gas Emanation in Long Valley Caldera, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over five hundred soil-gas emanation measurements have been made within the Long Valley Caldera over the past two years. Data derived from these measurements provides clear evidence regarding the nature and spatial extent of outgassing within the region. Identification of anomalous zones of emanation has been accomplished by statistically evaluating individual concentration measurements relative to all data collected in a

K. E. Cuff

2001-01-01

201

Fifty-first annual report of the state oil and gas supervisor. [California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major part of this section of the annual report is devoted to discussions of 6 individual Calfornia oil and gas fields and production drilling and development data in all the 6 districts of California. In addition, chapters dealing with tar sands and geothermal resources are included. The 6 individual fields discussed are the McKittrick, Midway-Sunset, Fruitvale, Newhall-Potrero, Oxnard, and

Murray-Aaron

1965-01-01

202

Prediction of central California earthquakes from soil-gas helium fluctuations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The observations of short-term decreases in helium soil-gas concentrations along the San Andreas Fault in central California have been correlated with subsequent earthquake activity. The area of study is elliptical in shape with radii approximately 160×80 km, centered near San Benito, and with the major axis parallel to the Fault. For 83 percent of theM>4 earthquakes in this area a

G. M. Reimer

1984-01-01

203

Chlorine gas exposure at a metal recycling facility--California, 2010.  

PubMed

On June 8, 2010, chlorine gas was released from a ruptured, 1-ton, low-pressure tank being recycled at a California metal recycling facility. A total of 23 persons, including employees, customers, and workers at nearby businesses, were treated for the effects of the fumes at seven area hospitals. Chlorine is a corrosive, greenish-yellow gas that is heavier than air and can cause severe respiratory damage; it is used widely in water purification, sewage treatment, and disinfectant washes for foods. Following the incident, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) and CDC collaborated with the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) on an Assessment of Chemical Exposures (ACE) to determine 1) the circumstances surrounding those exposed during the chlorine gas release, 2) health effects associated with exposures, and 3) recommendations for preventing recurrences. This report describes the chlorine gas release in California and summarizes the results of the ACE investigation. Of 29 persons potentially exposed to chlorine gas, 27 were interviewed to collect information regarding their exposures. In addition, information regarding acute health effects and symptoms was abstracted from medical records. At the time of the chlorine gas release, 15 persons were outdoors, and 13 were exposed for >30 minutes before they were decontaminated. Twenty-three persons reported experiencing one or more upper or lower respiratory tract symptoms within 24 hours of exposure; six persons were hospitalized for 1-11 days. Based on these findings, CDPH issued a statewide alert to all recycling facilities on how to handle containers with potential hazardous waste. PMID:21775949

2011-07-22

204

Carbon dioxide and helium emissions from a reservoir of magmatic gas beneath Mammoth Mountain, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carbon dioxide and helium with isotopic compositions indicative of a magmatic source (δthinsp¹³C=-4.5 to -5{per_thousand}, ³He\\/⁴He=4.5 to 6.7 R{sub A}) are discharging at anomalous rates from Mammoth Mountain, on the southwestern rim of the Long Valley caldera in eastern California. The gas is released mainly as diffuse emissions from normal-temperature soils, but some gas issues from steam vents or leaves

M. L. Sorey; W. C. Evans; B. M. Kennedy; C. D. Farrar; L. J. Hainsworth; B. Hausback

1998-01-01

205

Observation of CH4 and other Non-CO2 Green House Gas Emissions from California  

SciTech Connect

In 2006, California passed the landmark assembly bill AB-32 to reduce California's emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that contribute to global climate change. AB-32 commits California to reduce total GHG emissions to 1990 levels by 2020, a reduction of 25 percent from current levels. To verify that GHG emission reductions are actually taking place, it will be necessary to measure emissions. We describe atmospheric inverse model estimates of GHG emissions obtained from the California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Measurement (CALGEM) project. In collaboration with NOAA, we are measuring the dominant long-lived GHGs at two tall-towers in central California. Here, we present estimates of CH{sub 4} emissions obtained by statistical comparison of measured and predicted atmospheric mixing ratios. The predicted mixing ratios are calculated using spatially resolved a priori CH{sub 4} emissions and surface footprints, that provide a proportional relationship between the surface emissions and the mixing ratio signal at tower locations. The footprints are computed using the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) coupled to the Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport (STILT) model. Integral to the inverse estimates, we perform a quantitative analysis of errors in atmospheric transport and other factors to provide quantitative uncertainties in estimated emissions. Regressions of modeled and measured mixing ratios suggest that total CH{sub 4} emissions are within 25% of the inventory estimates. A Bayesian source sector analysis obtains posterior scaling factors for CH{sub 4} emissions, indicating that emissions from several of the sources (e.g., landfills, natural gas use, petroleum production, crops, and wetlands) are roughly consistent with inventory estimates, but livestock emissions are significantly higher than the inventory. A Bayesian 'region' analysis is used to identify spatial variations in CH{sub 4} emissions from 13 sub-regions within California. Although, only regions near the tower are significantly constrained by the tower measurements, CH{sub 4} emissions from the south Central Valley appear to be underestimated in a manner consistent with the under-prediction of livestock emissions. Finally, we describe a pseudo-experiment using predicted CH{sub 4} signals to explore the uncertainty reductions that might be obtained if additional measurements were made by a future network of tall-tower stations spread over California. These results show that it should be possible to provide high-accuracy estimates of surface CH{sub 4} emissions for multiple regions as a means to verify future emissions reductions.

Fischer, Marc L.; Zhao, Chuanfeng; Riley, William J.; Andrews, Arlyn C.

2009-01-09

206

Rio Vista Gas Leak Study: Belleaire Gas Field, California. Topical Report, April 1989-January 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Rio Vista gas leak study evaluated methods for remotely sensing gas leaks from buried pipelines and developed methods to elucidate methane transport and microbial oxidation in soils. Remote-sensing methods were evaluated by staging gas leaks along an ...

P. L. Wilkey

1992-01-01

207

The California Climate Action Registry: Development of methodologies for calculating greenhouse gas emissions from electricity generation  

SciTech Connect

The California Climate Action Registry, which will begin operation in Fall 2002, is a voluntary registry for California businesses and organizations to record annual greenhouse gas emissions. Reporting of emissions in the Registry by a participant involves documentation of both ''direct'' emissions from sources that are under the entity's control and ''indirect'' emissions controlled by others. Electricity generated by an off-site power source is considered to be an indirect emission and must be included in the entity's report. Published electricity emissions factors for the State of California vary considerably due to differences in whether utility-owned out-of-state generation, non-utility generation, and electricity imports from other states are included. This paper describes the development of three methods for estimating electricity emissions factors for calculating the combined net carbon dioxide emissions from all generating facilities that provide electricity to Californians. We find that use of a statewide average electricity emissions factor could drastically under- or over-estimate an entity's emissions due to the differences in generating resources among the utility service areas and seasonal variations. In addition, differentiating between marginal and average emissions is essential to accurately estimate the carbon dioxide savings from reducing electricity use. Results of this work will be taken into consideration by the Registry when finalizing its guidance for use of electricity emissions factors in calculating an entity's greenhouse gas emissions.

Price, Lynn; Marnay, Chris; Sathaye, Jayant; Muritshaw, Scott; Fisher, Diane; Phadke, Amol; Franco, Guido

2002-08-01

208

Subsurface gas offshore of northern California and its link to submarine geomorphology  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The northern California continental margin contains evidence of abundant subsurface gas and numerous seafloor features that suggest a causative link between gas expulsion and geomorphology. Analyses of seismic reflection, sidescan sonar, and high-resolution multibeam bathymetric data show that the occurrence of subbottom gas and the migration processes beneath the shelf differ from those beneath the slope. Subsurface gas, inferred from enhanced reflectors and other geophysical indicators, is spatially variable and related more to total depth and stratigraphy than to underlying structure, with the exception of one band of gas that follows the regional structural trend. Shallow depressions on the seafloor (pockmarks) are used to infer expulsion sites. The largest zone of acoustically impenetrable subsurface gas occurs between water depths of 100 m and 300 m, where expulsion features are rare. The upper slope (water depths 400-600 m) has a high concentration of pockmarks (diameter 10-20 m), in contrast to a near-absence of pockmarks at water depths shallower than 400 m. Of nearly 4000 pockmarks observed on sidescan sonar records, more than 95% are located in water depths deeper than 400 m. Bottom simulating reflectors (BSRs) on some seismic reflection profiles indicate the possible presence of gas hydrate. We find that gas and pore-fluid migration in the offshore Eel River Basin is: (1) correlated to surface morphology; (2) a contributor to seabed roughness; (3) a significant mode of sediment redistribution on the upper slope; and (4) potentially a factor in large slope failures.

Yun, J. W.; Orange, D. L.; Field, M. E.

1999-01-01

209

Assessment of greenhouse gas mitigation options and costs for California Petroleum Industry facilities: The shape of things to come  

Microsoft Academic Search

The California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 sets a goal for the state to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. In preparation for implementation of a cap and trade program under this Act, Chevron has undertaken a detailed assessment of greenhouse gas mitigation options and costs.Such an assessment is key to making compliance decisions within

Susann Nordrum; Daniel Lieberman; Mary Colombo; Alan Gorski; Charles Webb

2011-01-01

210

The tidal influence on oil and gas emissions from an abandoned oil well: Nearshore Summerland, California.  

PubMed

Oil and gas emissions were quantified for natural and human sources in nearshore waters off Summerland, California through deployment of custom designed collection tents. Seepage was measured at a repeatedly abandoned well, on the seabed from a caisson located along the historical location of the Treadwell Wharf, where the world's first off-shore oil wells were drilled at the end of the 19th century. Seepage rates at the capped T-10 Well, located in approximately 5m water, showed high correlation to tides. Site emissions were 2.4 and 38.7Lday(-1) oil and gas, respectively. Emissions were measured from two areas of seepage at the T-10 Well Site. Oil and gas ratios were inversely correlated between the two seepage areas, demonstrating connectivity. Data were interpreted in terms of an electronic circuit model of seepage with respect to the time lag between local low tide and peak oil emissions. PMID:17640686

Leifer, Ira; Wilson, Ken

2007-07-20

211

76 FR 41240 - Northwest Natural Gas Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Northwest Natural Gas Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline...participate in this rate proceeding must file a motion to intervene or to protest this filing...must file a notice of intervention or motion to intervene, as appropriate. Such...

2011-07-13

212

76 FR 51969 - New Mexico Gas Company, Inc.; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Mexico Gas Company, Inc.; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline...participate in this rate proceeding must file a motion to intervene or to protest this filing...must file a notice of intervention or motion to intervene, as appropriate. Such...

2011-08-19

213

Forecasted Electric Power Demands for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company. Volume 1 and Volume 2. Documentation Manual.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The two-volume report presents the results of an econometric forecast of peak load and electric power demand for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BG&E) through the year 2009. Separate energy sales models were estimated for residential sales in Balt...

S. L. Estomin J. E. Beach J. V. Goldsmith

1991-01-01

214

Department of Energy electric and hybrid vehicle site operator program at Pacific Gas and Electric Company. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Pacific Gas & Electric Company continues to expand an EV program that addresses the following: vehicle development and demonstration; vehicle technology assessment; infrastructure evaluation; participation in EV organizations; and meetings and events. This report highlights PG & E`s activities in each of these areas.

NONE

1997-10-01

215

Estimating Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions in 2050 from New Buildings in California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A major contributor to global warming is Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, with carbon dioxide (CO2) as the lead constituent. While the United States has failed to take a leadership role in worldwide efforts to reduce global warming, California has implemented some of the strictest reduction goals in the country. Recent legislation in California requires significant GHG emission reductions in the coming decades to meet state-mandated targets. To better understand the relative contribution of urban growth to these emissions, we applied an Energy and GHG Impacts Calculator (referred to as “GHG Calculator”) to estimate GHG contributions for two statewide population growth scenarios for the year 2050. Implemented as part of the UPlan urban growth model, the GHG Calculator allows users to predict and compare GHG output from new development. In this paper, two scenarios, differing only in the spatial allocation of housing among zoning categories, are developed and tested for the year 2050 in California. The difference in total GHG emissions between these scenarios was less than 1%. Thus, while “smart growth” may be desirable for a variety of other reasons, the policy impact of the sprawl footprint per se on fixed-source GHG emissions is likely to be far less than effects from other factors, such as insulation and household energy efficiency. The GHG Calculator allows alternative emission-reducing measures to be tested, including modified energy mixes (e.g. a greater percent of renewable sources and lower carbon-based fuels) and conservation measures. The goal is to approximate 2050 emissions and determine what measures are needed to achieve the 2050 goal set by the Governor of California to help decrease the State’s overall contribution to global warming.

Beardsley, K.; Thorne, J. H.; Quinn, J. F.

2009-12-01

216

Construction of offshore California's Pitas Point gas pipeline in Santa Barbara Channel  

SciTech Connect

Completed in December 1983, California's Pitas Point 12-in. submarine gas pipeline is designed to ultimately transport 65.5 million SCF/day of sweet natural gas at a maximum operating pressure of 1480 psig and temperature of 100/sup 0/F. The pipeline construction demonstrated several noteworthy features, including installation of a subsea crossing ramp over a foreign pipe bundle, pipestring tow and pull along the centerline of a subsea ramp, installation of a temporary pipe launchway structure to facilitate the pipe pull from the top of a 40-ft bluff, and a pipe shore approach in a casing bored through the bluff. The Pitas Point line was constructed in a manner compatible with the local ecological requirements and with no impact upon fishing and trawling activities in the area.

Mousselli, A.H.; Pospishil, C.

1984-05-07

217

Petroleum Systems and Geologic Assessment of Oil and Gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2003, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) completed an assessment of the oil and gas resource potential of the San Joaquin Basin Province of California. The assessment is based on the geologic elements of each Total Petroleum System defined in the province, including hydrocarbon source rocks (source-rock type and maturation and hydrocarbon generation and migration), reservoir rocks (sequence stratigraphy and petrophysical properties), and hydrocarbon traps (trap formation and timing). Using this geologic framework, the USGS defined five total petroleum systems and ten assessment units within these systems. Undiscovered oil and gas resources were quantitatively estimated for the ten assessment units. In addition, the potential was estimated for further growth of reserves in existing oil fields of the San Joaquin Basin.

Edited by Hosford Scheirer, Allegra

2007-01-01

218

Current Status, Plans, and Constraints Related to Expansion of Natural Gas-Fired Power Plants, Pipelines and Bulk Electric Transmission in the California/Mexico Border Region.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the current status and expansion plans for gas-fired power plants, bulk electric transmission, and natural gas transmission pipelines in the California/Mexico border region. Existing and forecasted supply-demand balance for both elect...

2008-01-01

219

76 FR 37105 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing, Soliciting Motions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Rollins Transmission Line Project is located in Placer and Nevada counties, California. g. Filed Pursuant to: Federal Power Act 16...environmental analysis. l. The Project is connected with the Yuba-Bear Hydroelectric Project, FERC project No. 2266,...

2011-06-24

220

The California greenhouse gas initiative and its implications to the automotive industry  

SciTech Connect

CAR undertook this investigation to better understand the costs and challenges of a local (state) regulation necessitating the implementation of alternative or advanced powertrain technology. CAR will attempt to add insight into the challenges that local regulations present to the automotive industry, and to contribute further to the discussion of how advanced powertrain technology may be used to meet such regulation. Any local law that (directly or indirectly) affects light duty motor vehicle fuel economy creates what in effect is a specialty market for powertrain technology. As such these small markets present significant challenges for automotive manufacturers. First, a small market with unique standards presents significant challenges to an industry that has sustained growth by relying on large volumes to achieve scale economies and deliver products at a cost acceptable to the consumer. Further, the challenges of the additional technology make it likely that any powertrain capable of meeting the stringent emissions standards will include costly additional components, and thus will be more costly to manufacture. It is likely that manufacturers would consider the following actions as steps to deliver products to meet the pending California regulatory requirements anticipated as a result of prior California legislation: (1) Substituting more fuel efficient vehicles: Bring in more efficient vehicles from global operations, while likely dropping existing domestic products. (2) Substituting powertrains: Add existing downsized engines (i.e. turbocharged versions, etc.) into California market-bound vehicles. (3) Powertrain enhancements: Add technology to current engine and transmission offerings to improve efficiency and reduce emissions. (4) Incorporating alternative powertrains into existing vehicle platforms: Develop a hybrid or other type of powertrain for an existing vehicle. (5) New powertrains and new platforms: Develop vehicles specifically intended to incorporate new powertrain technologies, materials and/or design (e.g. the General Motors EV1 or the Toyota Prius). These five actions represent the gamut from the least complicated solution to the most complex. They also generally represent the least expensive response to the most expensive. It is possible that the least expensive responses may be least likely to meet market demands while achieving required GHG emission limits. At the same time, the most expensive option may produce a vehicle that satisfies the GHG reduction requirements and meets some consumer requirements, but is far too costly to manufacture and sell profitably. The response of a manufacturer would certainly have to take market size, consumer acceptance, technology implication and cost, as well as internal capacities and constraints, into consideration. It is important to understand that individual companies may respond differently in the short term. However, it is probable that there would be a more consistent industry-wide response in the longer term. Options 1 and 2 present the simplest responses. A company may reach into its global portfolio to deliver vehicles that are more fuel-efficient. These vehicles are usually much smaller and significantly less powerful than current U.S. offerings. Industry respondents indicated that such a strategy may be possible but would likely be met with less than positive reaction from the buying public. A general estimate for the cost to homologize a vehicle--that is, to prepare an existing vehicle for entry into the United States provided all business conditions were met (reasonable product, capacity availability, etc.), would be approximately $50 million. Assuming an estimated cost for homologation to meet U.S. standards of $50 million and a 20,000 vehicle per year sales volume in California, the company would then incur a $2,500 per-vehicle cost to bring them into the market. A manufacturer may also choose to incorporate a more efficient powertrain into a vehicle already sold in the market. The costs associated with such a strategy would include reengineering

Smith, B. C.; Miller, R. T.; Center for Automotive Research

2006-05-31

221

Location and age of foraminifer samples examined by Chevron Petroleum Company paleontologists from more than 2,500 oil test wells in California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Chevron Petroleum Company in 2001 donated an estimated 50,000 foraminifer slides, 5,000 well logs, geologic and surface locality maps, and paleontologic reports to the California Academy of Sciences and Stanford University for safekeeping, because they stopped or cut back exploration for petroleum deposits in California. The material was loaned to Earl Brabb temporarily so that information useful to the U.S. Geological Survey could be extracted. Among the estimated 5,000 well logs, more than 2,500 were printed on fragile Ozalid paper that had deteriorated by turning brown and hardening so that they could be easily damaged. These 2,516 well logs were scanned to provide a digital copy of the information. The 2,516 wells extend over an area from Eureka in Humboldt County south to the Imperial Valley and from the Pacific Ocean east to the eastern side of the Great Valley and the Los Angeles Basin. The wells are located in 410 7.5-minute quadrangle maps in 42 counties. The digital information herein preserves the data, makes the logs easily distributed to others interested in subsurface geology, and makes previously proprietary information widely available to the public for the first time.

Brabb, Earl E.

2011-01-01

222

Carbon dioxide and helium emissions from a reservoir of magmatic gas beneath Mammoth Mountain, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Carbon dioxide and helium with isotopic compositions indicative of a magmatic source (??13C = -4.5 to -5???, 3He/4He = 4.5 to 6.7 RA) are discharging at anomalous rates from Mammoth Mountain, on the southwestern rim of the Long Valley caldera in eastern California. The gas is released mainly as diffuse emissions from normal-temperature soils, but some gas issues from steam vents or leaves the mountain dissolved in cold groundwater. The rate of gas discharge increased significantly in 1989 following a 6-month period of persistent earthquake swarms and associated strain and ground deformation that has been attributed to dike emplacement beneath the mountain. An increase in the magmatic component of helium discharging in a steam vent on the north side of Mammoth Mountain, which also began in 1989, has persisted until the present time. Anomalous CO2 discharge from soils first occurred during the winter of 1990 and was followed by observations of several areas of tree kill and/or heavier than normal needlecast the following summer. Subsequent measurements have confirmed that the tree kills are associated with CO2 concentrations of 30-90% in soil gas and gas flow rates of up to 31,000 g m-2 d-1 at the soil surface. Each of the tree-kill areas and one area of CO2 discharge above tree line occurs in close proximity to one or more normal faults, which may provide conduits for gas flow from depth. We estimate that the total diffuse CO2 flux from the mountain is approximately 520 t/d, and that 30-50 t/d of CO2 are dissolved in cold groundwater flowing off the flanks of the mountain. Isotopic and chemical analyses of soil and fumarolic gas demonstrate a remarkable homogeneity in composition, suggesting that the CO2 and associated helium and excess nitrogen may be derived from a common gas reservoir whose source is associated with some combination of magmatic degassing and thermal metamorphism of metasedimentary rocks. Furthermore, N2/Ar ratios and nitrogen isotopic values indicate that the Mammoth Mountain gases are derived from sources separate from those that supply gas to the hydrothermal system within the Long Valley caldera. Various data suggest that the Mammoth Mountain gas reservoir is a large, low-temperature cap over an isolated hydrothermal system, that it predates the 1989 intrusion, and that it could remain a source of gas discharge for some time.

Sorey, M. L.; Evans, W. C.; Kennedy, B. M.; Farrar, C. D.; Hainsworth, L. J.; Hausback, B.

1998-01-01

223

Long-range forecast of power demands on the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company system. Volume 2. Documentation manual  

SciTech Connect

Detailed documentation for the econometric forecast of peak and electric power demands for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company is presented. It includes all the historical data used to estimate the various models and the FORTRAN code used for the computer programs employed in generating the forecasts. Computer files containing data and instructions for the statistical package used to estimate the econometric equations are also included.

Estomin, S.L.; Schauer, M.

1985-09-01

224

75 FR 38092 - The Dow Chemical Company; Application for Blanket Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas AGENCY: Office of Fossil Energy...authorization to export liquefied natural gas (LNG) that previously had been...390 billion cubic feet (Bcf) of natural gas on a short-term or spot...

2010-07-01

225

Gas Bubble Disease in the Brain of a Living California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus)  

PubMed Central

A yearling California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) was admitted into rehabilitation with signs of cerebellar pathology. Diagnostic imaging that included radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated space-occupying lesions predominantly in the cerebellum that were filled partially by CSF-like fluid and partially by gas, and cerebral lesions that were fluid filled. Over a maximum period of 4?months, the brain lesions reduced in size and the gas resorbed and was replaced by CSF-like fluid. In humans, the cerebellum is known to be essential for automating practiced movement patterns (e.g., learning to touch-type), also known as procedural learning or the consolidation of “motor memory.” To test the animal in this study for motor memory deficits, an alternation task in a two-choice maze was utilized. The sea lion performed poorly similar to another case of pneumocerebellum previously reported, and contrary to data acquired from a group of sea lions with specific hippocampal injury. The learning deficits were attributed to the cerebellar injury. These data provide important insight both to the clinical presentation and behavioral observations of cerebellar injury in sea lions, as well as providing an initial model for long-term outcome following cerebellar injury. The specific etiology of the gas could not be determined. The live status of the patient with recovery suggests that the most likely etiologies for the gas are either de novo formation or air emboli secondary to trauma. A small air gun pellet was present within and was removed from soft tissues adjacent to the tympanic bulla. While no evidence to support the pellet striking bone was found, altered dive pattern associated with this human interaction may have provided the opportunity for gas bubble formation to occur. The similarity in distribution of the gas bubble related lesions in this case compared with another previously published case of pneumocerebellum suggests that preferential perfusion of the brain, and more specifically the cerebellum, may occur during diving events.

Van Bonn, William; Dennison, Sophie; Cook, Peter; Fahlman, Andreas

2013-01-01

226

Gas Bubble Disease in the Brain of a Living California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus).  

PubMed

A yearling California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) was admitted into rehabilitation with signs of cerebellar pathology. Diagnostic imaging that included radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated space-occupying lesions predominantly in the cerebellum that were filled partially by CSF-like fluid and partially by gas, and cerebral lesions that were fluid filled. Over a maximum period of 4?months, the brain lesions reduced in size and the gas resorbed and was replaced by CSF-like fluid. In humans, the cerebellum is known to be essential for automating practiced movement patterns (e.g., learning to touch-type), also known as procedural learning or the consolidation of "motor memory." To test the animal in this study for motor memory deficits, an alternation task in a two-choice maze was utilized. The sea lion performed poorly similar to another case of pneumocerebellum previously reported, and contrary to data acquired from a group of sea lions with specific hippocampal injury. The learning deficits were attributed to the cerebellar injury. These data provide important insight both to the clinical presentation and behavioral observations of cerebellar injury in sea lions, as well as providing an initial model for long-term outcome following cerebellar injury. The specific etiology of the gas could not be determined. The live status of the patient with recovery suggests that the most likely etiologies for the gas are either de novo formation or air emboli secondary to trauma. A small air gun pellet was present within and was removed from soft tissues adjacent to the tympanic bulla. While no evidence to support the pellet striking bone was found, altered dive pattern associated with this human interaction may have provided the opportunity for gas bubble formation to occur. The similarity in distribution of the gas bubble related lesions in this case compared with another previously published case of pneumocerebellum suggests that preferential perfusion of the brain, and more specifically the cerebellum, may occur during diving events. PMID:23372553

Van Bonn, William; Dennison, Sophie; Cook, Peter; Fahlman, Andreas

2013-01-29

227

Development of the utilization of combustible gas produced in existing sanitary landfills: Effects of corrosion at the Mountain View, California landfill gas-recovery plant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Corrosion of equipment has occurred at the Mountain View, California Landfill Gas Recovery Plant. Corrosion is most severe on compressor valve seats and cages, tubes in the first and second stages of the interstage gas cooler, and first and second stage piping and liquid separators. Corrosion occurs because the raw landfill gas contains water, carbon dioxide, and oxygen. Some corrosion may also result from trace concentrations of organic acids present in the landfill gas. Corrosion of the third stage compressor, cooler, and piping does not occur because the gas is dehydrated immediately prior to the third stage. Controlling corrosion is necessary to maintain the mechanical integrity of the plant and to keep the cost of the gas competitive with natural gas. Attempts to reduce corrosion rates by injecting a chemical inhibitor have proved only partially successful. Recommendations for dealing with corrosion include earlier dehydration of the gas, selection of special alloys in critical locations, chemical inhibition, and regular plant inspections.

1982-10-01

228

64 FR 486 - Boston Gas Company; Order Granting Long-Term Authorization To Import Natural Gas From Canada  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...43,200 Mcf per day of natural gas from Canada for a period...gas will originate from natural gas fields off the east coast...purchased from Imperial Oil Resources Limited (Imperial...copying in the Office of Natural Gas & Petroleum Import...

1999-01-05

229

Natural Gas Variability In California: Environmental Impacts And Device Performance Combustion Modeling of Pollutant Emissions From a Residential Cooking Range  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a larger study of liquefied natural gas impacts on device performance and pollutant emissions for existing equipment in California, this report describes a cmoputer modeling study of a partially premixed flame issueing from a single cooktop burner port. The model consisted of a reactive computational fluid dynamics three-dimensional spatial grid and a 71-species chemical mechanism with propane

S. R. Tonse; B. C. Singer

2011-01-01

230

Effects of a ban on leasing the California Outer Continental Shelf on oil and gas development and the nation's economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critique of policies that would have prohibited the leasing of 6310 of California's offshore oil and gas tracts until after the year 2000 (except in a national emergency) examines the impacts of the proposal, which was subsequently withdrawn. The analysis uses the estimated production loss of 680,000 barrels per day to calculate jobs lost, government revenue lost, increases in

U. Guerrieri; P. Kobrin; D. Ott; M. Rusin

1985-01-01

231

Meeting an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from transportation by 2050: A case study in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates how California may reduce transportation greenhouse gas emissions 80% below 1990 levels by 2050 (i.e., 80in50). A Kaya framework that decomposes greenhouse gas emissions into the product of population, transport intensity, energy intensity, and carbon intensity is used to analyze emissions and mitigation options. Each transportation subsector, including light-duty, heavy-duty, aviation, rail, marine, agriculture, and off-road vehicles,

Christopher Yang; David L McCollum; Ryan McCarthy; Wayne Leighty

2009-01-01

232

67 FR 50453 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the Swanson River Satellites Natural Gas Exploration and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...impacts of constructing natural gas exploration and production...existing Swanson River oil and gas field. The...INFORMATION: Union Oil Company of California...and production of natural gas resources within...The subsurface oil, gas, and coal...Unocal has leased the natural gas development...

2002-08-02

233

75 FR 20010 - Pacific Gas & Electric Company; Establishment of Atomic Safety and Licensing Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electric Company; Establishment of Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Pursuant to...321, notice is hereby given that an Atomic Safety and Licensing Board (Board) is...administrative judges: Alex S. Karlin, Chair, Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel,...

2010-04-16

234

76 FR 19334 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing, Soliciting Motions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electric Company. e. Name of Project: French Meadows Transmission Line Project. f. Location: The French Meadows Transmission Line Project is located...line extending 13.27 miles from PCWA's French Meadows powerhouse switchyard to...

2011-04-07

235

Public health assessment for Stoker Company, Imperial, Imperial County, California, Region 9. Cerclis No. CAD066635442. Preliminary report  

SciTech Connect

Stoker Company is a pesticide dealer and crop dusting loading facility located in the County of Imperial, approximately 25 miles from the Mexican border. The 26-acre site is barren with no vegetation. Operations at the facility, beginning in 1966, have caused the surface soil over much of the site to be contaminated with pesticides. Some of the contaminated surface soil has blown off-site and impacted nearby surface soil and surface water. This preliminary public health assessment evaluated the potential for adverse health effects to occur in five populations identified as being impacted by contaminants. The impacted populations include: (1) on-site workers; (2) the family formerly living on the neighboring D K property; (3) the D K Duck Hunting Club members; (4) individuals using untreated surface water for drinking and/or other domestic purposes; and (5) individuals living or working near crop dusting operations. Based on this assessment, Stoker Company is considered to pose a public health hazard because long-term exposure to site-related contaminants may cause adverse health effects.

Not Available

1994-01-06

236

Prediction of central California earthquakes from soil-gas helium fluctuations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The observations of short-term decreases in helium soil-gas concentrations along the San Andreas Fault in central California have been correlated with subsequent earthquake activity. The area of study is elliptical in shape with radii approximately 160×80 km, centered near San Benito, and with the major axis parallel to the Fault. For 83 percent of the M>4 earthquakes in this area a helium decrease preceded seismic activity by 1.5 to 6.5 weeks. There were several earthquakes without a decrease and several decreases without a corresponding earthquake. Owing to complex and unresolved interaction of many geophysical and geochemical parameters, no suitable model is yet developed to explain the observations.

Reimer, G. M.

1984-03-01

237

Prediction of central California earthquakes from soil-gas helium fluctuations  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The observations of short-term decreases in helium soil-gas concentrations along the San Andreas Fault in central California have been correlated with subsequent earthquake activity. The area of study is elliptical in shape with radii approximately 160??80 km, centered near San Benito, and with the major axis parallel to the Fault. For 83 percent of the M>4 earthquakes in this area a helium decrease preceded seismic activity by 1.5 to 6.5 weeks. There were several earthquakes without a decrease and several decreases without a corresponding earthquake. Owing to complex and unresolved interaction of many geophysical and geochemical parameters, no suitable model is yet developed to explain the observations. ?? 1985 Birkha??user Verlag.

Reimer, G. M.

1985-01-01

238

Seasonal variability of soil-gas radon concentration in central California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Radon concentrations in soil gas were measured by the track-etch method in 60 shallow holes, each 70 cm deep and supported by a capped plastic tube, along several major faults in central California during 1975-1985. This set of data was analyzed to investigate the seasonal variability of soil-gas radon concentration in an area which has various geological conditions but similar climate. The results show several different patterns of seasonal variations, but all of which can be largely attributed to the water-saturation and moisture-retention characteristics of the shallow part of the soil. During the rainy winter and spring seasons, radon tended to be confined underground by the water-saturated surface soil which had much reduced gas permeability, while during the sunny summer and autumn seasons, it exhaled more readily as the soil became drier and more permeable. At several sites located on creeping faults, the radon-variation patterns changed with time, possibly because of disturbance of site condition by fault movement. ?? 1994.

King, C. -Y.; Minissale, A.

1994-01-01

239

76 FR 77994 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Availability of Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Bear River basin, on private land in Placer and Nevada counties, California. The transmission line extends 0.72 mile from...NID) existing Rollins powerhouse switchyard (part of the Yuba-Bear Hydroelectric Project, FERC Project No. 2266) to...

2011-12-15

240

78 FR 29365 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Authorization for Continued Project Operation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The Drum-Spaulding Hydroelectric Project is located on South Yuba River, Bear River, North Fork of the North Fork American River...tributaries of the Sacramento River watershed in Nevada and Placer counties, California. The license for Project No. 2310 was...

2013-05-20

241

77 FR 55208 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...24-inch-diameter greenfield natural gas pipeline located in Brunswick...general headings: Geology and soils; Water resources; Wetlands...Project develops. On natural gas facility projects, the Area...on prime farmland and erodible soils; Potential visual...

2012-09-07

242

Forecasted electric power demands for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company. Volume 1 and Volume 2. Documentation manual  

SciTech Connect

The two-volume report presents the results of an econometric forecast of peak load and electric power demand for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BG E) through the year 2009. Separate energy sales models were estimated for residential sales in Baltimore City, residential sales in the BG E service area excluding Baltimore City, commercial sales, industrial sales, streetlighting sales, and Company use plus losses. Econometric equations were also estimated for electric space heating and air conditioning saturation in Baltimore City and in the remainder of the BG E service territory. In addition to the energy sales models and the electric space conditioning saturation models, econometric models of summer and winter peak demand on the BG E system were estimated.

Estomin, S.L.; Beach, J.E.; Goldsmith, J.V.

1991-05-01

243

Water and gas seepage at the Salton Sea Geothermal System (California, USA)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Davis-Schrimpf seep field (Salton Sea, California) represents an ideal site for investigating the activity of hydrothermal systems. At this site, dozens of seeps (gryphons-pools) constantly expel water, mud, gas, and petroleum-fluids. We have conducted a long term monitoring on water and gas geochemistry of fluids erupted as well as annual temperature records. The fluids geochemistry and the temperature vary significantly at closely spaced locations and the water content present in the seeps acts as a key factor. The water salinity varies between fresh (1-3 g/L) in the gryphons, to hypersaline brine (145 g/L) in the pools. The gas emitted by the main vents revealed a composition averagely dominated by C02 (up to 99%) with smaller contributions of CH4. The seep waters represent meteoric waters modified by surface evaporation, with little or no evidence for a deep hydrothermal component. Seep gases, on the other hand, have a deep metamorphic/mantle origin. Temperature monitoring shows that gryphons are dominated by hydrothermal input and the pools by diurnal variations in air temperature. More recently we have conducted a broad investigation of the flux of CO2 and CH4 on a 20x20m meters grid covering a surface of over 20,000 square meters. The survey area extends over the main focussed vents and the results show that a considerable amount of CO2 and is constantly seeping through microseepage. Locally CH4 also exhibits areas with strong microseepage mainly where higher temperatures and surface minerals precipitations occur. These data reveal how important is the effect of microseepage when calculating global budgets of CO2 emissions in hydrothermal fields.

Mazzini, A.; Svensen, H.; Polteau, S.; Planke, S.

2009-04-01

244

Risk factors in stock returns of Canadian oil and gas companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a multifactor market model to estimate the expected returns to Canadian oil and gas industry stock prices. Results are presented to show that exchange rates, crude oil prices and interest rates each have large and significant impacts on stock price returns in the Canadian oil and gas industry. In particular, an increase in the market or oil

Perry Sadorsky

2001-01-01

245

Indoor Radon Gas Management For Multi-Site Companies: How To Screen For Potentially High-Risk Sites By Studying The Local Geology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, ENSR presents an evaluation tool for Radon gas monitoring programs that companies with large portfolios of properties will find useful in reducing their efforts and expenditures. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers Radon gas the second cause of lung cancer and the first source of natural radiations affecting the human population. In Italy, Legal Decree No. 230

Rudi Ruggeri; Andrea Gigliuto; Tiziana Minnei; Raffaella Savini

2008-01-01

246

Indoor Radon Gas Management For Multi-Site Companies: How To Screen For Potentially High-Risk Sites By Studying The Local Geology  

SciTech Connect

In this article, ENSR presents an evaluation tool for Radon gas monitoring programs that companies with large portfolios of properties will find useful in reducing their efforts and expenditures. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers Radon gas the second cause of lung cancer and the first source of natural radiations affecting the human population. In Italy, Legal Decree No. 230 (0/17/95) is the laws that regulate gas Radon concentrations in work places. Hereunder we present the ENSR approach to executing preliminary geologic studies aimed at planning an instrumental monitoring program for companies.

Ruggeri, Rudi; Gigliuto, Andrea; Minnei, Tiziana; Savini, Raffaella [ENSR Italia S.r.l., Via Francesco Ferrucci 17/A, 20145 Milano (Italy)

2008-08-07

247

Indoor Radon Gas Management For Multi-Site Companies: How To Screen For Potentially High-Risk Sites By Studying The Local Geology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, ENSR presents an evaluation tool for Radon gas monitoring programs that companies with large portfolios of properties will find useful in reducing their efforts and expenditures. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers Radon gas the second cause of lung cancer and the first source of natural radiations affecting the human population. In Italy, Legal Decree No. 230 (0/17/95) is the laws that regulate gas Radon concentrations in work places. Hereunder we present the ENSR approach to executing preliminary geologic studies aimed at planning an instrumental monitoring program for companies.

Ruggeri, Rudi; Gigliuto, Andrea; Minnei, Tiziana; Savini, Raffaella

2008-08-01

248

75 FR 56085 - Michigan Consolidated Gas Company; Enterprise Texas Pipeline LLC; Enogex LLC; Public Service...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Hattiesburg Industrial Gas Sales, L.L.C.; Notice of Baseline Filings September 8, 2010. Take notice that on August 27...2010 respectively the applicants listed above submitted their baseline filing of its Statement of Operating Conditions for...

2010-09-15

249

75 FR 16450 - Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...36-inch-diameter natural gas pipeline loop \\1\\ extending southwest...adjacent to an existing pipeline and connected to it at both...used to clean and dry a pipeline and/or to inspect it for damage or...

2010-04-01

250

Examination of Failed Six Inch Cast Iron Pipe Natural Gas Main, Atlanta Gas Light Company, Atlanta, Georgia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A five foot length of six inch grey cast iron pipe from a natural gas main in Atlanta, Georgia, was submitted for examination. The pipe had fractured at the approximate center of the submitted length. The fracture appeared to have initiated at the top of ...

T. R. Shives

1973-01-01

251

75 FR 27339 - Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to construct and operate additional compression and appurtenant facilities to increase...install a 15,000 hp of gas-fired compression facility near the interconnect between...of high-speed electric motor driven compression facility near the interconnect...

2010-05-14

252

76 FR 28972 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...a fifteen-year FT Service Agreement with Eastern Shore to provide additional natural gas transportation service of 4,070 dts/day under Eastern Shore's maximum FT Zone One Tariff Rate on file with the Commission. Eastern Shore will recover its...

2011-05-19

253

76 FR 20659 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...nine-and-a half-year FT Service Agreement with Eastern Shore to provide additional natural gas transportation service of 3,405 dts/day under Eastern Shore's maximum FT Zone One Tariff Rate on file with the Commission. The total estimate cost of the...

2011-04-13

254

Factors influencing the disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions in companies world-wide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to analyse different factors behind the disclosure of corporate information on issues related to greenhouse gas emissions and climate change world-wide. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The empirical analysis carried out was performed in two stages: analysis of the data obtained through content analysis and analysis of the factors that influence the disclosure of greenhouse

José-Manuel Prado-Lorenzo; Luis Rodríguez-Domínguez; Isabel Gallego-Álvarez; Isabel-María García-Sánchez

2009-01-01

255

Development of methodologies for calculating greenhouse gas emissions from electricity generation for the California climate action registry  

SciTech Connect

The California Climate Action Registry, which will begin operation in Fall 2002, is a voluntary registry for California businesses and organizations to record annual greenhouse gas emissions. Reporting of emissions in the Registry by a participant involves documentation of both ''direct'' emissions from sources that are under the entity's control and ''indirect'' emissions controlled by others. Electricity generated by an off-site power source is considered to be an indirect emission and must be included in the entity's report. Published electricity emissions factors for the State of California vary considerably due to differences in whether utility-owned out-of-state generation, non-utility generation, and electricity imports from other states are included. This paper describes the development of three methods for estimating electricity emissions factors for calculating the combined net carbon dioxide emissions from all generating facilities that provide electricity to Californians. We fi nd that use of a statewide average electricity emissions factor could drastically under- or over-estimate an entity's emissions due to the differences in generating resources among the utility service areas and seasonal variations. In addition, differentiating between marginal and average emissions is essential to accurately estimate the carbon dioxide savings from reducing electricity use. Results of this work will be taken into consideration by the Registry when finalizing its guidance for use of electricity emissions factors in calculating an entity's greenhouse gas emissions.

Price, Lynn; Marnay, Chris; Sathaye, Jayant; Murtishaw, Scott; Fisher, Diane; Phadke, Amol; Franco, Guido

2002-04-01

256

Carbon and Nitrogen Trace Gas Fluxes from Urban Grasslands in California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Human management of urban ecosystems affects their biogeochemical cycling by altering environmental conditions such as water and resource availability. Urban grasslands under human-modified regimes comprise approximately 10 million hectares in the United States and represent a poorly quantified biogenic source of radiatively active trace gases from soil. We described the annual pattern of net CO2, N2O, and CH4 soil effluxes and associated soil C and N pools and fluxes for urban grasslands in Berkeley, California, USA. Using a static chamber approach, we undertook a 12-month field study of 6 irrigated and fertilized lawns dominated by grasses of either C3 or C4 photosynthetic systems. The urban grasslands emitted 36(+/-4) Mg C ha-1 yr-1 as CO2, more than 7 times the rate observed from natural grasslands globally. Lawns dominated by C4 species emitted significantly greater amounts of CO2 on average relative to C3-dominated lawns. Rates of CO2 efflux from the urban grasslands showed a strong response to ambient temperature, and urban grasslands emitted higher CO2 fluxes during warm summer months when unmanaged grassland ecosystems in this Mediterranean climate would exhibit low to no activity due to drought. Fluxes of N2O and CH4 were generally negligible. The exception was a large and significant release of N2O associated with the construction of a new lawn. In this site we measured a maximum rate of N2O emissions of 877 (+/-244) ng N cm-2 h-1 and an average rate of 290 (+/-41) ng N cm-2 h-1 over a 6.5-week period. The observation of higher trace gas losses from urban grasslands relative to natural systems encourages further examination to determine their role as sources of greenhouse gases.

Chou, W. W.; Silver, W. L.

2003-12-01

257

Assessment of socioeconomic and demographic determinants of electrical energy and gas consumption in California. Volume I. An overview of key determinants: historic patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

This volume is one of five covering an assessment of trends in California that are related to the demand for electricity and natural gas. The socio-economic and demographic determinants dealing with natural gas and electricity consumption are shown in Appendix A of this volume. The determinants are demographics (population, households, labor force); economic conditions (personal, business\\/industrial, governmental); urbanization and land

H. S. Becker; K. H. Willson; L. H. Culbertson; F. G. Kropp

1976-01-01

258

Nation's first fuel cell power plant powered by processed landfill gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Southern California Edison Company (Edison) and the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) installed, and are operating, a 40 kw phosphoric acid fuel cell utilizing processed landfill gas at a hotel and convention complex in the City of Industry, California. This field test aims to establish important electric utility operating criteria of two separate, promising technologies linked together

J. D. Leeper; W. W. Engels

1986-01-01

259

Feasibility of direct on-site conversion of landfill gas to electrical energy at Scholl Canyon landfill, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The technical and economic feasibility of direct onsite conversion of landfill gas into electrical energy for distribution through the municipal company's distribution grid is described. The various approaches are evaluated. Each system looked at the preliminary collection system layout, type of processing, and conversion equipment required, conversion efficiencies, total system costs, total energy output per input landfill gas, and overall economic comparisons between alternatives. This led to the selection of the internal combustion engine. The legal constraints on interdepartmental transfers of money and resources, city procedures for coordination between the public works department and public services, procedures for facility operation, and an environmental assessment of each alternative were investigated.

Lofy, R. J.

1981-06-01

260

Energy management and control system for Iowa--Illinois Gas and Electric Company. [Uses computerized on-line graphic and alpha-numeric display  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new control center for energy generation, transmission, and distribution (both gas and electric) at Iowa-Illinois Gas and Electric Company improves operator control of the systems and eliminates most manual record-keeping. The system uses two Xerox Sigma 5 computers, each with an effective memory of 96,000 words and back-up stored memory of 12 million bytes. Using analog and digital inputs

L. G. Matteson; K. R. Anderson

1976-01-01

261

75 FR 39680 - Houston Pipe Line Company LP, Worsham-Steed Gas Storage, L.P., Energy Transfer Fuel, LP, Mid...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Company LP, Worsham-Steed Gas Storage, L.P., Energy Transfer Fuel, LP, Mid Continent Market Center, L.L.C., Oasis Pipeline, LP (Not Consolidated); Notice of Baseline Filings July 2, 2010. Take notice that on June 29, 2010 and...

2010-07-12

262

Co-Combustion of Refuse Derived Fuel and Coal in a Cyclone Furnace at the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, C.P. Crane Station.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A co-combustion demonstration burn of coal and fluff refuse-derived fuel (RDF) was conducted by Teledyne National and Baltimore Gas and Electric Company. This utility has two B and W cyclone furnaces capable of generating 400 MW. The facility is under a p...

1982-01-01

263

Natural Gas Variability In California: Environmental Impacts And Device Performance Combustion Modeling of Pollutant Emissions From a Residential Cooking Range  

SciTech Connect

As part of a larger study of liquefied natural gas impacts on device performance and pollutant emissions for existing equipment in California, this report describes a cmoputer modeling study of a partially premixed flame issueing from a single cooktop burner port. The model consisted of a reactive computational fluid dynamics three-dimensional spatial grid and a 71-species chemical mechanism with propane combustion capability. Simulations were conducted with a simplified fuel mixture containing methane, ethane, and propane in proportions that yield properties similar to fuels distributed throughout much of California now and in recent years (baseline fuel), as well as with two variations of simulated liquefied natural gas blends. A variety of simulations were conducted with baseline fuel to explore the effect of several key parameters on pollutant formation and other flame characteristics. Simulations started with fuel and air issuing through the burner port, igniting, and continuing until the flame was steady with time. Conditions at this point were analyzed to understand fuel, secondary air and reaction product flows, regions of pollutant formation, and exhaust concentrations of carbon monoxide, nitric oxide and formaldehyde. A sensitivity study was conducted, varying the inflow parameters of this baseline gs about real-world operating conditions. Flame properties responded as expected from reactive flow theory. In the simulation, carbon monoxide levels were influenced more by the mixture's inflow velocity than by the gas-to-air ratio in the mixture issuing from the inflow port. Additional simulations were executed at two inflow conditions - high heat release and medium heat release - to examine the impact of replacing the baseline gas with two mixtures representative of liquefied natural gas. Flame properties and pollutant generation rates were very similar among the three fuel mixtures.

Tonse, S. R.; Singer, B. C.

2011-07-01

264

Executive Summary -- assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the San Joaquin Basin Province of California, 2003: Chapter 1 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2003, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) completed an assessment of the oil and gas resource potential of the San Joaquin Basin Province of California (fig. 1.1). The assessment is based on the geologic elements of each Total Petroleum System defined in the province, including hydrocarbon source rocks (source-rock type and maturation and hydrocarbon generation and migration), reservoir rocks (sequence stratigraphy and petrophysical properties), and hydrocarbon traps (trap formation and timing). Using this geologic framework, the USGS defined five total petroleum systems and ten assessment units within these systems. Undiscovered oil and gas resources were quantitatively estimated for the ten assessment units (table 1.1). In addition, the potential was estimated for further growth of reserves in existing oil fields of the San Joaquin Basin.

Gautier, Donald L.; Scheirer, Allegra Hosford; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Peters, Kenneth E.; Magoon, Leslie B.; Lillis, Paul G.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; French, Christopher D.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Schenk, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

265

Railroad Accident Report - Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway Company (ATSF) Freight Trains ATSF 818 and ATSF 891 on the ATSF Railway, Corona, California, November 7, 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report explains the collision between two Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway freight trains in Corona, California, on November 7, 1990. The National Transportation Safety Board determines that the probable cause of the collision was the failure of ...

1991-01-01

266

Construction of Koshkonong Nuclear Plant, Units 1 and 2. Wisconsin Electric Power Company, Wisconsin Power and Light Company, Wisconsin Public Service Corporation, Madison Gas and Electric Company. Docket Nos. STN-50-502, STN-50-503.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A safety evaluation of Wisconsin Electric Power Company's application for a license to construct and operate the nuclear plant located in Jefferson County, Wisconsin, has been prepared. The evaluation consists of a technical review and staff evaluation of...

1975-01-01

267

Final environmental impact report. Part I. Pacific Gas and Electric Company Geysers Unit 16, Geothermal Power Plant, Lake County, California  

SciTech Connect

The environmental analysis includes the following: geology, soils, hydrology, water quality, vegetation, wildlife, air resources, health and safety, noise, waste management, cultural resources, land use, aesthetics, socioeconomics, public services, transportation, and energy and material resources. Also included are: the project description, a summary of environmental consequences, and alternatives to the proposed action. (MHR)

Not Available

1981-03-01

268

The epidemiological information system of the French national electricity and gas company: the SI-EPI project.  

PubMed

SI-EPI is epidemiological information system set up in 1978 in the national electricity and gas company, Electricité de France-Gaz de France (EDF-GDF). The worker population comprises about 150,000 individuals, involved in production, transmission and distribution of energy. SI-EPI was developed by the epidemiologists of the Occupational Health Department (180 physicians), and of the Sécurité Sociale Department (120 physicians). Several data bases constitute SI-EPI. The population data base contains demographic, socioeconomic and professional data about each worker. The health data base is an exhaustive register of sick leave, accidents, permanent disabilities, compensated diseases, causes of death and cancer incidence among active workers. The Occupational Exposure and Working Conditions data base includes the MATEX job-exposure matrix (30 potentially carcinogenic agents) and FINDEX files which record data obtained from the systematic individual surveillance of workers. The GAZEL cohort data base concerns a sample of more than 20,000 volunteer workers, followed since 1989; in addition to data from the data bases, it contains information collected from other different sources, including self-questionnaires. Numerous epidemiological studies based on SI-EPI data have been conducted by in-house epidemiologists as well as by external research groups. They include mortality and morbidity studies and address various topics and health problems. Their results are used for internal information, as well as for epidemiological research purposes. PMID:8699978

Goldberg, M; Chevalier, A; Imbernon, E; Coing, F; Pons, H

269

Boundaries matter: Greenhouse gas emission reductions from alternative waste treatment strategies for California's municipal solid waste  

Microsoft Academic Search

How waste is managed – whether as a nuisance to be disposed of, or as a resource to be reused – directly affects local and global environmental quality. This analysis explores the GHG benefits of five treatment options for residual municipal solid waste (MSW) in California: Business As Usual (landfilling), Anaerobic Digestion, Incineration, 40% Reduction, and MaxEnergy (both incineration and

Sintana E. Vergara; Anders Damgaard; Arpad Horvath

2011-01-01

270

Economic analysis of feebates to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from light vehicles for California  

Microsoft Academic Search

A growing majority of climate scientists are convinced that unless emissions are reduced, global warming would cause a number of adverse effects throughout the United States. In California, rising temperatures would reduce the snow pack in the Sierra-the state's primary source of water-and lead to less water for irrigating farms in the Central Valley. Global warming would increase the number

Walter McManus

2007-01-01

271

Gas-producing submarine-fan channel-levee complexes in Forbes Formation, Arbuckle field, central Sacramento basin, California  

SciTech Connect

The Campanian Forbes Formation was deposited as a south-prograding basin-plain, deep-sea fan and slope turbidite system in the Late Cretaceous Great Valley forearc basin of California. Gas production from the Arbuckle field is from the middle deep-sea fan deposits of the Forbes Formation at depths of 5500-7000 ft. The field is located approximately 7 mi east of the western erosional margin of the Sacramento basin, where the Forbes Formation crops out and dips steeply to the east. The field has a proven acreage of 3450 and contains 25 producing wells. A north-trending anticline, which is present on the regional easterly dip, provides 150-200 ft of closure in the southern part of the field. Detailed maps and cross sections of the gas-producing intervals of the Forbes Formation in the Arbuckle field have been constructed from correlation of 77 well logs and detailed examination of the nearby outcrops. Well-log correlations and sedimentary facies identified in outcrop indicate that the gas-producing intervals are chiefly channel-levee complexes in a mud-rich deep-sea fan system. These channel-level complexes trend southward, are slightly sinuous, and are as much as 1 mi wide. A comparison of structure-contour maps with net-sandstone maps and gas production data indicates that not all gas production is structurally controlled. Channel-axis sandstone that is as thick as 250 ft generally produces gas only within structural closure, whereas thinner, more shale-rich, channel-margin and levee deposits produce gas from updip stratigraphic pinch-outs into interchannel shale.

Imperato, D.P.; Nilsen, T.H.

1988-02-01

272

Gas-producing submarine-fan channel-levee complexes in Forbes Formation, Arbuckle Field, central Sacramento Basin, California  

SciTech Connect

The Campanian Forbes Formation was deposited as a southprograding basin-plain, deep-sea fan and slope turbidite system in the Late Cretaceous Great Valley forearc basin of California. Gas production from the Arbuckle field is from the middle deep-sea fan deposits of the Forbes Formation at depths of 5,500-7,000 ft. The field is located approximately 7 mi east of the western erosional margin of the Sacramento basin, where the Forbes Formation crops out and dips steeply to the east. The field has a proven acreage of 3,450 and contains 25 producing wells. A north-trending anticline, which is present on the regional easterly dip, provides 150-200 ft of closure in the southern part of the field. Detailed maps and cross sections of the gas-producing intervals of the Forbes Formation in the Arbuckle field have been constructed from correlation of 77 well logs and detailed examination of the nearby outcrops. Well-log correlations and sedimentary facies identified in outcrop indicate that the gas-producing intervals are chiefly channel-levee complexes in a mud-rich deep-sea fan system. These channel-level complexes trend southward, are slightly sinuous, and are as much as 1 mi wide. A comparison of structure-contour maps with net-sandstone maps and gas production data indicates that not all gas production is structurally controlled. Channel-axis sandstone that is as thick as 250 ft generally produces gas only within structural closure, whereas thinner, more shale-rich, channel-margin and levee deposits produce gas from updip stratigraphic pinch-outs into interchannel shale.

Imperato, D.P.; Nilsen, T.H.

1988-01-01

273

76 FR 25685 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing With the Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Rollins Transmission Line Project is located in Placer and Nevada counties, California. g. Filed Pursuant to: Federal Power Act 16...Description of Project: The Project is connected with the Yuba- Bear Hydroelectric Project, FERC Project No. 2266,...

2011-05-05

274

Evaluation of metrics and baselines for tracking greenhouse gas emissions trends: Recommendations for the California climate action registry  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary: The California Climate Action Registry, which was initially established in 2000 and began operation in Fall 2002, is a voluntary registry for recording annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The purpose of the Registry is to assist California businesses and organizations in their efforts to inventory and document emissions in order to establish a baseline and to document early actions to increase energy efficiency and decrease GHG emissions. The State of California has committed to use its ''best efforts'' to ensure that entities that establish GHG emissions baselines and register their emissions will receive ''appropriate consideration under any future international, federal, or state regulatory scheme relating to greenhouse gas emissions.'' Reporting of GHG emissions involves documentation of both ''direct'' emissions from sources that are under the entity's control and indirect emissions controlled by others. Electricity generated by an off-site power source is consider ed to be an indirect GHG emission and is required to be included in the entity's report. Registry participants include businesses, non-profit organizations, municipalities, state agencies, and other entities. Participants are required to register the GHG emissions of all operations in California, and are encouraged to report nationwide. For the first three years of participation, the Registry only requires the reporting of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, although participants are encouraged to report the remaining five Kyoto Protocol GHGs (CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, and SF6). After three years, reporting of all six Kyoto GHG emissions is required. The enabling legislation for the Registry (SB 527) requires total GHG emissions to be registered and requires reporting of ''industry-specific metrics'' once such metrics have been adopted by the Registry. The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) was asked to provide technical assistance to the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission) related to the Registry in three areas: (1) assessing the availability and usefulness of industry-specific metrics, (2) evaluating various methods for establishing baselines for calculating GHG emissions reductions related to specific actions taken by Registry participants, and (3) establishing methods for calculating electricity CO2 emission factors. The third area of research was completed in 2002 and is documented in Estimating Carbon Dioxide Emissions Factors for the California Electric Power Sector (Marnay et al., 2002). This report documents our findings related to the first areas of research. For the first area of research, the overall objective was to evaluate the metrics, such as emissions per economic unit or emissions per unit of production that can be used to report GHG emissions trends for potential Registry participants. This research began with an effort to identify methodologies, benchmarking programs, inventories, protocols, and registries that u se industry-specific metrics to track trends in energy use or GHG emissions in order to determine what types of metrics have already been developed. The next step in developing industry-specific metrics was to assess the availability of data needed to determine metric development priorities. Berkeley Lab also determined the relative importance of different potential Registry participant categories in order to asses s the availability of sectoral or industry-specific metrics and then identified industry-specific metrics in use around the world. While a plethora of metrics was identified, no one metric that adequately tracks trends in GHG emissions while maintaining confidentiality of data was identified. As a result of this review, Berkeley Lab recommends the development of a GHG intensity index as a new metric for reporting and tracking GHG emissions trends.Such an index could provide an industry-specific metric for reporting and tracking GHG emissions trends to accurately reflect year to year changes while protecting proprietary data. This GHG intensity index changes

Price, Lynn; Murtishaw, Scott; Worrell, Ernst

2003-06-01

275

Highway Accident Report--B and J Trucking Company Truck Tractor/Coachella Valley Unified School District Schoolbus Collision, State Route 86, Near Coachella, California, April 23, 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

About 3:25 p.m., on April 23, 1980, a truck tractor was traveling north on California State Route 86, a two-lane rural highway, when its left front tire blew out. The tractor swerved to the left, crossed the centerline, and collided head-on with a southbo...

1980-01-01

276

Gas injection with radioactive tracer to determine reservoir continuity, East Coalinga field, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Temblor Zone II reservoir consists of intervals of movable oil associated with intervals of high gas saturation or desaturated intervals. Natural gas injection into these desaturated intervals, using tritium and krypton as radioactive tracers has served to determine reservoir continuity. In these example cases, the desaturated intervals contained nearly all carbon dioxide gas. The injection tests also have furnished

Tinker

1972-01-01

277

77 FR 13115 - Florida Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...36-inch- diamater natural gas transmission pipeline; Construct...36-inch- diamater natural gas transmission pipeline; and...general headings: Geology and soils; Water resources and wetlands...project develops. On natural gas facility projects, the APE...

2012-03-05

278

77 FR 71585 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Caterpillar model 398 natural gas- fired reciprocating compressor...3606 TALE 1,775 hp natural gas-fired reciprocating compressor...general headings: Geology and soils; Land use; Water resources...Project develops. On natural gas facility projects, the APE...

2012-12-03

279

Energy, the Environment, and the California - Baja California Border Region  

SciTech Connect

The continued development of Baja California as an electricity and natural gas supply source for California is not in the best public interest of the citizens of Baja California or California. Siting power plants in the badly contaminated Imperial County - Mexicali air basin to serve Southern California load center raises serious environmental justice issues on both sides of the border that are not adequately addressed by existing environmental protection regulations.

Powers, Bill

2005-07-01

280

77 FR 17479 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Market Street, San Francisco, California 94105-1579: 1. CU Bancorp, Encino, California to become a bank holding company by acquiring 100 percent of California United Bank, also of Encino. CU Bancorp also has applied to acquire Premier Commercial...

2012-03-26

281

Fifty-fourth annual report of the state oil and gas supervisor. [California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The content of this report consists of the following: resume of oil field operations in 1968, by districts 1 to 6 inclusive; geothermal resources development; statistical tables (production by districts 1967, 1968; new wells, abandonments and inspections 1967, 1968; operations in oil and gas fields, 1968; oil and water production (by fields, areas and pools); gas production and reserves, oil

Kasline

1968-01-01

282

76 FR 13174 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing With the Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electric Company. e. Name of Project: French Meadows Transmission Line Project. f. Location: The French Meadows Transmission Line Project is located...line extending 13.27 miles from PCWA's French Meadows powerhouse switchyard to...

2011-03-10

283

California Climate Change Portal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Global warming and climate change have been a top priority for a number of international organizations, and in recent years, a number of states have also become profoundly concerned about these transformations. Not surprisingly, the state of California has been interested in these subjects for some time, and this website is an initiative of the various agencies working in this area of research. On this site, visitors can learn about various initiatives sponsored by different agencies within the state and also peruse a list of FAQÂs on the subject. First-time visitors will want to start at the ÂBackground section; they may then proceed to the ÂPolicy & Program area, where they can learn what the state is doing to combat this situation. Some of these programs include a voluntary greenhouse gas emission registry for California companies and a research program to spur environmentally-friendly energy alternatives. Finally, the site also includes a very nice glossary of terms used in discussing global climate change.

284

Water Quality Criteria: For Selected Parameters in the Receiving Waters Suisun Bay, California, in the Vicinity of the Waste Discharge of the Phillips Petroleum Company, Avon Refinery, Contra Costa County, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The water quality criteria recommended and given in the report for the receiving waters of Suisun Bay, in the vicinity of the waste discharge of the Avon Refinery, Phillips Petroleum Company, are the result of extensive consultation. The material is a pre...

1966-01-01

285

Gas Injection in City of Inglewood Pool Inglewood Oil Field - California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The City of Inglewood Pool gas injection project, Inglewood Oil Field, Calif., provides a 3-yr case history of successful gas injection operations in a depletion type reservoir producing 29° API oil. The pool is a stratigraphic trap which pinches out abruptly upstructure. The structure dips about 30° at the crest, with dips of 60° on the flanks near the oil\\/water

A. K. Hedjazi

1967-01-01

286

Seasonal greenhouse gas emissions (methane, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide) from engineered landfills: daily, intermediate, and final California cover soils.  

PubMed

Compared with natural ecosystems and managed agricultural systems, engineered landfills represent a highly managed soil system for which there has been no systematic quantification of emissions from coexisting daily, intermediate, and final cover materials. We quantified the seasonal variability of CH, CO, and NO emissions from fresh refuse (no cover) and daily, intermediate, and final cover materials at northern and southern California landfill sites with engineered gas extraction systems. Fresh refuse fluxes (g m d [± SD]) averaged CH 0.053 (± 0.03), CO 135 (± 117), and NO 0.063 (± 0.059). Average CH emissions across all cover types and wet/dry seasons ranged over more than four orders of magnitude (<0.01-100 g m d) with most cover types, including both final covers, averaging <0.1 g m d with 10 to 40% of surface areas characterized by negative fluxes (uptake of atmospheric CH). The northern California intermediate cover (50 cm) had the highest CH fluxes. For both the intermediate (50-100 cm) and final (>200 cm) cover materials, below which methanogenesis was well established, the variability in gaseous fluxes was attributable to cover thickness, texture, density, and seasonally variable soil moisture and temperature at suboptimal conditions for CH oxidation. Thin daily covers (30 cm local soil) and fresh refuse generally had the highest CO and NO fluxes, indicating rapid onset of aerobic and semi-aerobic processes in recently buried refuse, with rates similar to soil ecosystems and windrow composting of organic waste. This study has emphasized the need for more systematic field quantification of seasonal emissions from multiple types of engineered covers. PMID:21546687

Bogner, Jean E; Spokas, Kurt A; Chanton, Jeffrey P

287

18 CFR 260.9 - Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service interruptions and damage to facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...than liquefied natural gas facilities caused by a hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity that results...liquefied natural gas facilities by reason other than hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity, the...

2013-04-01

288

76 FR 34692 - Astoria Generating Company, L.P., NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC, Oswego...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC,...

2011-06-14

289

76 FR 36910 - Astoria Generating Company, L.P., NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC, Oswego...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power [[Page 36911

2011-06-23

290

76 FR 36914 - Astoria Generating Company, L.P., NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC, Oswego...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC,...

2011-06-23

291

62 FR 40511 - Office of Fossil Energy; Coastal Gas Marketing Company; Order Granting Long-Term Authorization To...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...long-term authorization to import up to 5 MMcf of natural gas of Canadian natural gas for a period of ten years, beginning on November...agreement dated February 20, 1997, with Ranger Oil Limited. This natural gas may be imported at Niagara Falls, New...

1997-07-29

292

78 FR 49743 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...309-megawatt combined cycle natural gas fueled power plant under development...16-inch-diameter natural gas pipeline; one mainline valves...general headings: Geology and soils; land use; water resources...project develops. On natural gas facility projects, the APE...

2013-08-15

293

76 FR 69717 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Abandon in place three 2,800 hp gas-fired compressor units at Natural's...Texas Reduce the cushion gas inventory by 5 Bcf at Natural's...general headings: Geology and soils; Land use; Water resources...further developed. On natural gas facility projects, the APE...

2011-11-09

294

77 FR 38616 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...16-inch-diameter natural gas pipeline looping \\1\\ of ESNG's...10-inch-diameter natural gas pipeline; Two mainline valve...general headings: Geology and soils; Land use; Water resources...project develops. On natural gas facility projects, the APE...

2012-06-28

295

78 FR 33401 - CenterPoint Energy Gas Transmission Company, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of 4-inch-diameter natural gas pipeline (Line BT- 40) lateral...of 4-inch-diameter natural gas pipeline (Line BT-41) extending...general headings: geology and soils; land use; water resources...project develops. On natural gas facility projects, the APE...

2013-06-04

296

Life cycle assessment of greenhouse gas emissions from beef production systems in California  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Beef production is recognized as a source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions; however, little information exists on the net emission from production systems. A life cycle assessment (LCA) was conducted using the Integrated Farm System Model (IFSM) to estimate whole-farm GHG emissions from representa...

297

Adequacy of Environmental Information for Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Decisions: Florida and California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The environmental impacts of oil and gas production on the U.S. outer continental shelf (OCS) have been studied and debated for many years. The issues derive from the complexity of coastal and offshore marine processes and ecosystems, human socio-economic...

1989-01-01

298

Association among active seafloor deformation, mound formation, and gas hydrate growth and accumulation within the seafloor of the Santa Monica Basin, offshore California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seafloor blister-like mounds, methane migration and gas hydrate formation were investigated through detailed seafloor surveys in Santa Monica Basin, offshore of Los Angeles, California. Two distinct deep-water (?800 m water depth) topographic mounds were surveyed using an autonomous underwater vehicle (carrying a multibeam sonar and a chirp sub-bottom profiler) and one of these was explored with the remotely operated vehicle Tiburon.

Charles K. Paull; William R. Normark; William Ussler III; David W. Caress; Rendy Keaten

2008-01-01

299

Well blowout rates and consequences in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005: implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Well blowout rates in oil fields undergoing thermally enhanced recovery (via steam injection) in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005 were on the order of 1 per 1,000 well construction operations, 1 per 10,000 active wells per year, and 1 per 100,000 shut-in\\/idle and plugged\\/abandoned wells per year. This allows some initial inferences about leakage of

Preston D. Jordan; Sally M. Benson

2009-01-01

300

Well blowout rates and consequences in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005: implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Well blowout rates in oil fields undergoing thermally enhanced recovery (via steam injection) in California Oil and Gas District\\u000a 4 from 1991 to 2005 were on the order of 1 per 1,000 well construction operations, 1 per 10,000 active wells per year, and\\u000a 1 per 100,000 shut-in\\/idle and plugged\\/abandoned wells per year. This allows some initial inferences about leakage of

Preston D. Jordan; Sally M. Benson

2009-01-01

301

Fluid origin, gas fluxes and plumbing system in the sediment-hosted Salton Sea Geothermal System (California, USA)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Salton Sea Geothermal System (California) is an easily accessible setting for investigating the interactions of biotic and abiogenic geochemical processes in sediment-hosted hydrothermal systems. We present new temperature data and the molecular and isotopic composition of fluids seeping at the Davis-Schrimpf seep field during 2003-2008. Additionally, we show the first flux data for CO2 and CH4 released throughout the field from focused vents and diffuse soil degassing.The emitted gases are dominated by CO2 (~ 98%) and CH4 (~ 1.5%). By combining ?13CCO2 (as low as - 5.4‰) and ?13CCH4 (- 32‰ to - 17.6‰) with 3He/4He (R/Ra > 6) and ?DCH4 values (- 216‰ to - 150‰), we suggest, in contrast to previous studies, that CO2 may have a significant Sub-Continental Mantle source, with minimal crustal contamination, and CH4 seems to be a mixture of high temperature pyrolitic (thermogenic) and abiogenic gas.Water seeps show that ?D and ?18O increase proportionally with salinity (Total Dissolved Solids in g/L) ranging from 1-3 g/L (gryphons) to 145 g/L (hypersaline pools). In agreement with elemental analyses, the isotopic composition of the waters indicate a meteoric origin, modified by surface evaporation, with little or no evidence of deep fossil or magmatic components. Very high Cl/Br (> 3,000) measured at many seeping waters suggests that increased salinities result from dissolution of halite crusts near the seep sites.Gas flux measurements from 91 vents (pools and gryphons) give a conservative estimate of ~ 2,100 kg of CO2 and 11.5 kg of CH4 emitted per day. In addition soil degassing measured at 81 stations (20x20 m grid over 51,000 m2) revealed that 7,310 kg/d CO2 and 33 kg/d CH4 are pervasively released to the atmosphere. These results emphasise that diffuse gas emission from soil can be dominant (~ 75%) even in hydrothermal systems with large and vigorous gas venting. Sediment-hosted hydrothermal systems may represent an intermediate class of geologic methane sources for the atmosphere, with emission factors lower than those of sedimentary seepage in petroleum basins but higher than those of traditional geothermal-volcanic systems; on a global scale they may significantly contribute to the atmospheric methane budget.

Mazzini, Adriano; Svensen, Henrik; Etiope, Giuseppe; Onderdonk, Nathan; Banks, David

2011-08-01

302

77 FR 63832 - Change in Bank Control Notices; Acquisitions of Shares of a Bank or Bank Holding Company  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Vice President, Applications and Enforcement) 101 Market Street, San Francisco, California 94105-1579: 1. Thomas Galt Atwood, Glen Ellen, California, and Cypress Abbey Company, Colma, California: to retain 10 percent or more of the...

2012-10-17

303

Effects of tree height on branch hydraulics, leaf structure and gas exchange in California redwoods.  

PubMed

We examined changes in branch hydraulic, leaf structure and gas exchange properties in coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) and giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) trees of different sizes. Leaf-specific hydraulic conductivity (k(L)) increased with height in S. sempervirens but not in S. giganteum, while xylem cavitation resistance increased with height in both species. Despite hydraulic adjustments, leaf mass per unit area (LMA) and leaf carbon isotope ratios (delta(13)C) increased, and maximum mass-based stomatal conductance (g(mass)) and photosynthesis (A(mass)) decreased with height in both species. As a result, both A(mass) and g(mass) were negatively correlated with branch hydraulic properties in S. sempervirens and uncorrelated in S. giganteum. In addition, A(mass) and g(mass) were negatively correlated with LMA in both species, which we attributed to the effects of decreasing leaf internal CO(2) conductance (g(i)). Species-level differences in wood density, LMA and area-based gas exchange capacity constrained other structural and physiological properties, with S. sempervirens exhibiting increased branch water transport efficiency and S. giganteum exhibiting increased leaf-level water-use efficiency with increasing height. Our results reveal different adaptive strategies for the two redwoods that help them compensate for constraints associated with growing taller, and reflect contrasting environmental conditions each species faces in its native habitat. PMID:19210642

Ambrose, Anthony R; Sillett, Stephen C; Dawson, Todd E

2009-02-02

304

75 FR 40814 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...natural gas pipeline; One meter station/pig \\1\\ launcher at the interconnect with...1\\ A ``pig'' is a tool that is inserted into and...mainline valve; and One interconnect/pig receiver at the existing Eastern Shore...

2010-07-14

305

75 FR 23757 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...natural gas pipeline; One meter station/pig \\1\\ launcher at the interconnect with...1\\ A ``pig'' is a tool that is inserted into and...mainline valve; and One interconnect/pig receiver at the existing ESNG meter...

2010-05-04

306

21. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company Office), H. B. Wesner, photographer, date unknown. 'VIEWS OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA SCENERY. ARTESIAN WELLS, SAN BERNARDINO, CALIFORNIA. SUPPLYING THE GAGE CANAL OF RIVERSIDE.' - California Citrus Heritage Recording Project, Riverside, Riverside County, CA

307

GENERAL SITE PLAN, HAMILTON AIR FORCE BASE, MARIN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GENERAL SITE PLAN, HAMILTON AIR FORCE BASE, MARIN COUNTY, CALIFORNIA. Pencil on paper, dated December 4, 1952. Also marked "PWC 103474." By J.Y. Long Company, Engineers, Oakland, California - Hamilton Field, East of Nave Drive, Novato, Marin County, CA

308

Algonquin SNG, Inc. Docket No. CP72-35. Natural Gas Act, in Docket No. CP72-35. Algonquin Gas Transmission Company.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project is concerned with construction and operation of a naphtha reforming plant and pipelines at Freetown, Massachusetts, for the purpose of transporting and selling synthesized natural gas. Temporary adverse effects expected due to construction inc...

1972-01-01

309

California energy flow in 1994  

SciTech Connect

California energy consumption increased in 1994 in keeping with a recovery from the previous mild recession years. Although unemployment remained above the national average, other indicators pointed to improved economic health. Increased energy use was registered principally in the residential/commercial and transportation end-use sectors. A cooler-than-usual winter and spring was reflected in increased consumption of natural gas, the principal space-heating fuel in the state. Because of low water levels behind state dams, utilities turned to natural gas for electrical generation and to increased imports from out-of- state sources to meet demand. Other factors, such as smaller output from geothermal, biomass, and cogenerators, contributed to the need for the large increase in electrical supply from these two sources. Nonetheless, petroleum dominated the supply side of the energy equation of the state in which transportation requirements comprise more than one-third of total energy demand. About half of the oil consumed derived from California production. Onshore production has been in slow decline; however, in 1994 the decrease was compensated for by increases from federal offshore fields. Until 1994 production had been limited by regulatory restrictions relating to the movement of the crude oil to onshore refineries. State natural gas production remained at 1993 levels. The increased demand was met by larger imports from Canada through the recent expansion of Pacific Transmission Company`s 804 mile pipeline. Deregulation of the state`s utilities moved ahead in 1994 when the California Public Utilities Commission issued its proposal on how to restructure the industry. Public hearings were conducted in which the chief issues were recovery of the utilities` capital investments, conflicts with the Public Utilities Policies Act, management of power transactions between new suppliers and former utility customers, and preservation of energy conservation programs currently sponsored by the utilities. The issues were not resolved at year-end, but the state`s public utilities began to take steps to improve their positions in a future competitive market by cutting costs, improving efficiencies operating plants, and enlarging their nonutility interests.

Borg, I.Y.; Mui, N.

1996-09-01

310

Development of a gas turbine combustion system for medium-Btu fuel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cool Water Coal Gasification Project requires a gas turbine combustion system to burn a high hydrogen medium-Btu coal gas produced in an oxygen-blown gasifier. The gas turbine selected for this demonstration plant is a General Electric Company MS7001E unit. The plant is located in Daggett, California, a location requiring compliance with stringent environmental regulations; that is, oxides of nitrogen

J. F. Savelli; G. L. Touchton

1985-01-01

311

Ecological investigations around some thermal power stations in California tidal waters  

Microsoft Academic Search

A typical cooling water system for a steam plant is described, along with possible variations in intake and discharge designs.\\u000a Biological implications are discussed in view of known physical parameters at operating power plants. Some studies at thermal\\u000a power plants operated by Pacific Gas and Electric Company in California are reviewed.\\u000a \\u000a The P G and E approach to nuclear thermal

James R. Adams

1969-01-01

312

National Transportation Safety Board Pipeline Accident Report: San Juan Gas Company, Inc./Enron Corp. Propane Gas Explosion in San Juan, Puerto Rico, on November 21, 1996.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

About 8:30 a.m. on November 21, 1996, because of a propane gas leak, a commercial building in San Juan, Puerto Rico, exploded. Thirty-three people were killed, and at least 69 were injured. The safety issues discussed in this report are the adequacy of em...

1997-01-01

313

Alternative-fueled truck demonstration natural gas program: Caterpillar G3406LE development and demonstration  

SciTech Connect

In 1990, the California Energy Commission, the South Coast Air Quality Management District, and the Southern California Gas Company joined together to sponsor the development and demonstration of compressed natural gas engines for Class 8 heavy-duty line-haul trucking applications. This program became part of an overall Alternative-Fueled Truck Demonstration Program, with the goal of advancing the technological development of alternative-fueled engines. The demonstration showed natural gas to be a technically viable fuel for Class 8 truck engines.

NONE

1995-06-01

314

75 FR 16808 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...President, Applications and Enforcement) 101 Market Street, San Francisco, California 94105-1579: 1. SKBHC Holdings, LLC, Corona del Mar, California; to become a bank holding company by acquiring 100 percent of Starbuck Bancshares, Inc. and...

2010-04-02

315

Sequence stratigraphy of a Pliocene delta complex deposited in an active margin setting, Etchegoin and San Joaquin gas sands, San Joaquin basin, California  

SciTech Connect

Prolific gas sands of the Pliocene Etchegoin and San Joaquin formations of the southern San Joaquin basin, California, are part of a 1300-m thick succession of deltaic sediments that record the final regression of the Pacific Ocean from a tectonically active, restricted basin associated with the California transform margin. Individual field studies, lacking a regional framework and based primarily on electric log data, correlate these gas sands to the extent that individual sands maintain the same stratigraphic level within the succession. However, a high-resolution sequence stratigraphic framework, constructed from recent 3D-seismic data and detailed well log correlations on the Bakersfield Arch area of the basin, indicates that the Pliocene succession is part of a south/southwest prograding delta complex. Therefore, sands climb up-section in the landward direction and grade laterally from deep-water to shallow-water facies. Because lithofacies boundaries cross chronostratigraphic surfaces, previous interpretations of the reservoir architecture are inaccurate. This model increases predictability of reservoir facies by constraining lithofacies mapping and enables interpretation of the effects on deposition of the integrated and inter-related controls of tectonics, eustatic sea-level change, and sediment supply. With this understanding, a well-defined model of the stratal architecture of the Pliocene succession of the southern San Joaquin basin is now possible.

Steward, D.C. (California State Univ., Bakersfield, CA (United States))

1996-01-01

316

California Cenozoic Biostratigraphy -- Paleogene: Chapter 4 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The time transgressive nature of the California benthic foraminiferal stages is in most cases the result of poor taxonomy, use of local species ranges, and a lack of understanding about the type sections. Correcting these problems allows the stages to be consistently applied and enhances their ability to identify coeval strata. Each stage is identified by the first and last appearances of selected cosmopolitan benthic foraminiferal species and of reliable local species. Although further study is needed, the stages correlate with the international time scale. The revised age interpretation of the stages suggests that the Cheneyian Stage is coeval with planktic zone P1 through P3, the Ynezian Stage is coeval with planktic zone P4, the Bulitian Stage is missing in most section but when present is coeval with zones P5 and P6a, the Penutian Stage is coeval with planktic zones P6b through early P9 (no younger than the overlap between P9 and CP11), the Ulatisian Stage is coeval with P9 (younger than CP11) through P11, the Narizian Stage is coeval with zones P12 through P15, and the Refugian Stage is coeval with zones P16 and P17.

McDougall, Kristin

2008-01-01

317

USE OF CUTTING-EDGE HORIZONTAL AND UNDERBALANCED DRILLING TECHNOLOGIES AND SUBSURFACE SEISMIC TECHNIQUES TO EXPLORE, DRILL AND PRODUCE RESERVOIRED OIL AND GAS FROM THE FRACTURED MONTEREY BELOW 10,000 FT IN THE SANTA MARIA BASIN OF CALIFORNIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area by Temblor Petroleum with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive.

George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

2005-01-01

318

Use of Cutting-Edge Horizontal and Underbalanced Drilling Technologies and Subsurface Seismic Techniques to Explore, Drill and Produce Reservoired Oil and Gas from the Fractured Monterey Below 10,000 ft in the Santa Maria Basin of California  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well

George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

2005-01-01

319

Evidence for prolonged El Nino-like conditions in the Pacific during the Late Pleistocene: a 43 ka noble gas record from California groundwaters  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Information on the ocean/atmosphere state over the period spanning the Last Glacial Maximum - from the Late Pleistocene to the Holocene - provides crucial constraints on the relationship between orbital forcing and global climate change. The Pacific Ocean is particularly important in this respect because of its dominant role in exporting heat and moisture from the tropics to higher latitudes. Through targeting groundwaters in the Mojave Desert, California, we show that noble gas derived temperatures in California averaged 4.2 ?? 1.1 ??C cooler in the Late Pleistocene (from ???43 to ???12 ka) compared to the Holocene (from ???10 to ???5 ka). Furthermore, the older groundwaters contain higher concentrations of excess air (entrained air bubbles) and have elevated oxygen-18/oxygen-16 ratios (??18O) - indicators of vigorous aquifer recharge, and greater rainfall amounts and/or more intense precipitation events, respectively. Together, these paleoclimate indicators reveal that cooler and wetter conditions prevailed in the Mojave Desert from ???43 to ???12 ka. We suggest that during the Late Pleistocene, the Pacific ocean/atmosphere state was similar to present-day El Nino-like patterns, and was characterized by prolonged periods of weak trade winds, weak upwelling along the eastern Pacific margin, and increased precipitation in the southwestern U.S.

Kulongoski, J. T.; Hilton, D. R.; Izbicki, J. A.; Belitz, K.

2009-01-01

320

22. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

22. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company Office), photographer and date unknown. 'FLUME NO. 9, 'GAGE CANAL SYSTEM,' RIVERSIDE, CAL.' VIEW OF FLUME OVER TEQUESQUITE ARROYO. - California Citrus Heritage Recording Project, Riverside, Riverside County, CA

321

24. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

24. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company Office), photographer unknown, ca. 1939. VIEW OF SAND PUMP HOUSE AT THE HEAD OF THE GAGE IRRIGATION CANAL - California Citrus Heritage Recording Project, Riverside, Riverside County, CA

322

26. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

26. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company Office), photographer unknown, ca. 1931. VIEW OF CONSTRUCTION OF GUNITE INVERT SIPHON REPLACING FLUME NO. 10 ON GAGE IRRIGATION CANAL - California Citrus Heritage Recording Project, Riverside, Riverside County, CA

323

29. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

29. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company Office), photographer unknown, ca. 1926. CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS AT OLIVEWOOD PUMPING STATION ON THE GAGE IRRIGATION CANAL - California Citrus Heritage Recording Project, Riverside, Riverside County, CA

324

27. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

27. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company Office), photographer unknown, ca. 1913. TIGHTENING JOINTS AND ADJUSTING PLATES ON STEEL FLUME AT MOCKINGBIRD DAM ON THE GAGE IRRIGATION CANAL - California Citrus Heritage Recording Project, Riverside, Riverside County, CA

325

28. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

28. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company Office), photographer unknown, ca. 1913. CONSTRUCTION OF CORE WALL AT MOCKINGBIRD DAM ON THE GAGE IRRIGATION CANAL - California Citrus Heritage Recording Project, Riverside, Riverside County, CA

326

Studies of the effects of experimentally produced noise associated with oil and gas exploration and development on sea otters in California. Final report  

SciTech Connect

During the winter 1983 tape-recorded industrial noises associated with offshore oil and gas operations were projected underwater at Soberanes Point, California. Seismic-exploration sounds were produced using a multiple air gun array (4000 cu. in) and a single air gun (100 cu. in) along a 10-15 km transect paralleling the coastline from Rocky Point to Yankee Point. The behavior, density, and distribution of sea otters (Enhydra lutris) within the vicinity of the sound projection area were not affected by the acoustic experiments. Foraging and diving behaviors of sea otters were normal and undisturbed. There were no movements of otters away from the sound source or out of the sound projection vicinity during either the winter or spring acoustic experiments.

Riedman, M.L.

1983-11-15

327

California GAMA Special Study: An isotopic and dissolved gas investigation of nitrate source and transport to a public supply well in California's Central Valley  

SciTech Connect

This study investigates nitrate contamination of a deep municipal drinking water production well in Ripon, CA to demonstrate the utility of natural groundwater tracers in constraining the sources and transport of nitrate to deep aquifers in the Central Valley. The goal of the study was to investigate the origin (source) of elevated nitrate and the potential for the deep aquifer to attenuate anthropogenic nitrate. The site is ideal for such an investigation. The production well is screened from 165-325 feet below ground surface and a number of nearby shallow and deep monitoring wells were available for sampling. Furthermore, potential sources of nitrate contamination to the well had been identified, including a fertilizer supply plant located approximately 1000 feet to the east and local almond groves. A variety of natural isotopic and dissolved gas tracers including {sup 3}H-{sup 3}He groundwater age and the isotopic composition of nitrate are applied to identify nitrate sources and to characterize nitrate transport. An advanced method for sampling production wells is employed to help identify contaminant contributions from specific screen intervals. Nitrate transport: Groundwater nitrate at this field site is not being actively denitrified. Groundwater parameters indicate oxic conditions, the dissolved gas data shows no evidence for excess nitrogen as the result of denitrification, and nitrate-N and -O isotope compositions do not display patterns typical of denitrification. Contaminant nitrate source: The ambient nitrate concentration in shallow groundwater at the Ripon site ({approx}12 mg/L as nitrate) is typical of shallow groundwaters affected by recharge from agricultural and urban areas. Nitrate concentrations in Ripon City Well 12 (50-58 mg/L as nitrate) are significantly higher than these ambient concentrations, indicating an additional source of anthropogenic nitrate is affecting groundwater in the capture zone of this municipal drinking water well. This study provides two new pieces of evidence that the Ripon Farm Services Plant is the source of elevated nitrate in Ripon City Well 12. (1) Chemical mass balance calculations using nitrate concentration, nitrate isotopic composition, and initial tritium activity all indicate that that the source water for elevated nitrate to Ripon City Well 12 is a very small component of the water produced by City Well 12 and thus must have extremely high nitrate concentration. The high source water nitrate concentration ({approx}1500 mg/L as nitrate) required by these mass balance calculations precludes common sources of nitrate such as irrigated agriculture, dairy wastewater, and septic discharge. Shallow groundwater under the Ripon Farm Services RFS plant does contain extremely high concentrations of nitrate (>1700 mg/L as nitrate). (2) Nitrogen and oxygen isotope compositions of nitrate indicate that the additional anthropogenic nitrate source to Ripon City Well 12 is significantly enriched in {delta}{sup 18}O-NO{sub 3}, an isotopic signature consistent with synthetic nitrate fertilizer, and not with human or animal wastewater discharge (i.e. dairy operations, septic system discharge, or municipal wastewater discharge), or with organic fertilizer. Monitoring wells on and near the RFS plant also have high {delta}{sup 18}O-NO{sub 3}, and the plant has handled and stored synthetic nitrate fertilizer that will have this isotopic signature. The results described here highlight the complexity of attributing nitrate found in long screened, high capacity wells to specific sources. In this case, the presence of a very high concentration source near the well site combined with sampling using multiple isotopic tracer techniques and specialized depth-specific techniques allowed fingerprinting of the source in the mixed-age samples drawn from the production well.

Singleton, M J; Moran, J E; Esser, B K; Roberts, S K; Hillegonds, D J

2010-04-14

328

75 FR 42432 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Refugio County, Texas, and in State and federal waters offshore Texas. These facilities...interconnects located in Texas. The 86.9 miles...there would be some ground disturbance associated...disconnects within federal waters. The EA...

2010-07-21

329

Pliocene facies trends and controls on deposition of lower gusher shallow gas reservoirs, North Coles Levee Field, San Joaquin Basin, California  

SciTech Connect

Net sand isochore maps of three Pliocene-age Lower Gusher sands in the Etchegoin Formation at North Coles Levee field, southern San Joaquin basin, California display geometries suggestive of deposition in delta front settings. The north-south depositional strike of these sands approximately parallels the orientation of the paleoshoreline. The sands thicken and display greater lateral continuity near distributary channel sands, which are oriented east-northeast approximately perpendicular to the shoreline. A comparison of the isochore maps of each of the three sand bodies show that they are stacked vertically above each other, indicating that the position of the shoreline remained stationary during deposition of the Gusher interval. This apparent stillstand of the shoreline is superimposed on an overall regression of the sea from the San Joaquin basin during the Pliocene. Therefore, we believe that the Lower Gusher sands were deposited during a period of relatively rapid basin subsidence, which negated the effects of the marine regression and caused vertical aggradation of shoreline facies in the North Coles Levee area. The Lower Gusher interval at North and South Coles Levee contains the most prolific shallow gas reservoirs on the Bakersfield Arch. A thorough knowledge of depositional trends in the Lower Gusher interval increases the probability of encountering reservoir-quality facies in exploration programs focusing on Pliocene gas.

Steward, D.C.; Gillespie, J.M. (California State Univ., Bakersfield, CA (United States))

1994-04-01

330

Well blowout rates and consequences in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005: implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Well blowout rates in oil fields undergoing thermally enhanced recovery (via steam injection) in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005 were on the order of 1 per 1,000 well construction operations, 1 per 10,000 active wells per year, and 1 per 100,000 shut-in/idle and plugged/abandoned wells per year. This allows some initial inferences about leakage of CO2 via wells, which is considered perhaps the greatest leakage risk for geological storage of CO2. During the study period, 9% of the oil produced in the United States was from District 4, and 59% of this production was via thermally enhanced recovery. There was only one possible blowout from an unknown or poorly located well, despite over a century of well drilling and production activities in the district. The blowout rate declined dramatically during the study period, most likely as a result of increasing experience, improved technology, and/or changes in safety culture. If so, this decline indicates the blowout rate in CO2-storage fields can be significantly minimized both initially and with increasing experience over time. Comparable studies should be conducted in other areas. These studies would be particularly valuable in regions with CO2-enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and natural gas storage.

Jordan, Preston D.; Benson, Sally M.

2009-05-01

331

Well blowout rates and consequences in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005: Implications for geological storage of carbon dioxide  

SciTech Connect

Well blowout rates in oil fields undergoing thermally enhanced recovery (via steam injection) in California Oil and Gas District 4 from 1991 to 2005 were on the order of 1 per 1,000 well construction operations, 1 per 10,000 active wells per year, and 1 per 100,000 shut-in/idle and plugged/abandoned wells per year. This allows some initial inferences about leakage of CO2 via wells, which is considered perhaps the greatest leakage risk for geological storage of CO2. During the study period, 9% of the oil produced in the United States was from District 4, and 59% of this production was via thermally enhanced recovery. There was only one possible blowout from an unknown or poorly located well, despite over a century of well drilling and production activities in the district. The blowout rate declined dramatically during the study period, most likely as a result of increasing experience, improved technology, and/or changes in safety culture. If so, this decline indicates the blowout rate in CO2-storage fields can be significantly minimized both initially and with increasing experience over time. Comparable studies should be conducted in other areas. These studies would be particularly valuable in regions with CO2-enhanced oil recovery (EOR) and natural gas storage.

Jordan, Preston; Jordan, Preston D.; Benson, Sally M.

2008-05-15

332

78 FR 15015 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Bank Holding Companies; Correction This notice corrects a notice...Inc., both in Oakland, California, is revised to read as follows...Market Street, San Francisco, California 94105-1579: 1. One PacificCoast...Inc., both in Oakland, California, to become bank holding...

2013-03-08

333

76 FR 62409 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Bank Holding Companies; Correction This notice corrects a notice...Inc., all in Irvine, California, is revised to read as follows...Market Street, San Francisco, California 94105-1579: 1. Carpenter...Inc., all in Irvine, California; to acquire an...

2011-10-07

334

Co-combustion of refuse derived fuel and coal in a cyclone furnace at the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, C. P. Crane Station  

SciTech Connect

A co-combustion demonstration burn of coal and fluff refuse-derived fuel (RDF) was conducted by Teledyne National and Baltimore Gas and Electric Company. This utility has two B and W cyclone furnaces capable of generating 400 MW. The facility is under a prohibition order to convert from No. 6 oil to coal; as a result, it was desirable to demonstrate that RDF, which has a low sulfur content, can be burned in combination with coals containing up to 2% sulfur, thus reducing overall sulfur emissions without deleterious effects. Each furnace consists of four cyclones capable of generating 1,360,000 pounds per hour steam. The tertiary air inlet of one of the cyclones was modified with an adapter to permit fluff RDF to be pneumatically blown into the cyclone. At the same time, coal was fed into the cyclone furnace through the normal coal feeding duct, where it entered the burning chamber tangentially and mixed with the RDF during the burning process. Secondary shredded fluff RDF was prepared by the Baltimore County Resource Recovery Facility. The RDF was discharged into a receiving station consisting of a belt conveyor discharging into a lump breaker, which in turn, fed the RDF into a pneumatic line through an air-lock feeder. A total of 2316 tons were burned at an average rate of 5.6 tons per hour. The average heat replacement by RDF for the cyclone was 25%, based on Btu input for a period of forty days. The range of RDF burned was from 3 to 10 tons per hour, or 7 to 63% heat replacement. The average analysis of the RDF (39 samples) for moisture, ash, heat (HHV) and sulfur content were 18.9%, 13.4%, 6296 Btu/lb and 0.26% respectively. RDF used in the test was secondary shredded through 1-1/2 inch grates producing the particle size distribution of from 2 inches to .187 inches. Findings to date after inspection of the boiler and superheater indicate satisfactory results with no deleterious effects from the RDF.

Not Available

1982-03-01

335

Use of Cutting-Edge Horizontal and Underbalanced Drilling Technologies and Subsurface Seismic Techniques to Explore, Drill and Produce Reservoired Oil and Gas from the Fractured Monterey Below 10,000 ft in the Santa Maria Basin of California. Technical Progress Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be explored, drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing cutting-edge horizontal and underbalanced dri...

2004-01-01

336

NATURAL GAS VARIABILITY IN CALIFORNIA: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND DEVICE PERFORMANCE EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF POLLUTANT EMISSIONS FROM RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of liquefied natural gas on pollutant emissions was evaluated experimentally with used and new appliances in the laboratory and with appliances installed in residences, targeting information gaps from previous studies. Burner selection targeted available technologies that are projected to comprise the majority of installed appliances over the next decade. Experiments were conducted on 13 cooktop sets, 12 ovens,

Brett C. Singer; Michael G. Apte; Douglas R. Black; Toshifumi Hotchi; Donald Lucas; Melissa M. Lunden; Anna G. Mirer; Michael Spears; Douglas P. Sullivan

2009-01-01

337

Proposed 1975 Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas General Lease Sale Offshore Southern California. OCS Sale Number 35. Volume 3.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Volume 3 of the statement is Consultation and Coordination with Others, and includes comments received on the draft statement. The statement considers the leasing of 297 tracts (1,554,815 acres) of Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) lands for oil and gas explo...

1975-01-01

338

California Energy Flow in 1979.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Energy use in California during 1979 differed significantly from 1978. Overall use of natural gas in the state increased substantially (14.3%) due principally to greater use for electrical power production; 47% more gas was used for electrical power gener...

C. K. Briggs I. Y. Borg

1981-01-01

339

California energy flow in 1979  

Microsoft Academic Search

Energy use in California during 1979 differed significantly from 1978. Overall use of natural gas in the state increased substantially (14.3%) due principally to greater use for electrical power production; 4% more gas was used for electrical power generation in 1979 than in 1978 and 21% more than in 1977. Use of fuel oil for electrical generation remained at the

C. K. Briggs; I. Y. Borg

1981-01-01

340

Injection of natural gas in the blast furnace at high rates: Field experiments at Armco Steel Company. Topical technical report, January 1990-September 1992  

SciTech Connect

A study of the benefits of the injection of natural gas as a supplemental fuel for commercial blast furnaces is presented. Tests were carried out for sustained periods at natural gas injection levels of 150 and 200 pounds per therm (lb/thm). Average coke replacement ratios of 1.30 pounds of coke per pound of natural gas injected and productivity increases of about 10% were achieved at a gas injection rate of 200 lb/thm. The results were obtained without adverse effects on hot metal chemistry or furnace operability. The ability of natural gas to effectively replace an appreciable amount of coke should enable a decrease in coke production levels.

Agarwall, J.C.; Brown, F.C.; Chin, D.L.; Frydenlund, A.R.

1993-04-01

341

University of California: California Agriculture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based on our nation's heavy reliance on food grown in California, this University of California publication regarding the agricultural affairs of the 31st state will be appreciated by researchers and agriculturalists from around the country. First published in 1946, "_California Agriculture_ is a peer-reviewed journal reporting research, reviews and news from the Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources of the University of California." Site visitors may view abstracts or full text documents of research articles from current and previous issues. In addition, free domestic subscriptions may be ordered online (the journal currently serves around 14,000 domestic subscribers). The site also provides downloadable guidelines for writers.

2008-09-22

342

California Foxes  

Microsoft Academic Search

IN NATURE of September 10 (p. 452), there is a paragraph in praise of the intelligence of the (English) fox, with examples in proof. Permit me to say that his California cousin is next door to a fool. My young son has amused himself for the past three summers in trapping (in large box-traps) the small California foxes which infest

Edward S. Holden

1891-01-01

343

California Snowpack  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the California Cooperative Snow Surveys in conjunction with the California Department of Water Resources, this site contains an interactive map and links for selecting riverbasins for which data are supplied. Within each riverbasin area, current data are available by station name. Users may obtain snow, water content, rain, and temperature readings in plot or table form.

344

An econometric analysis of a regional power company and evaluation of its investment policies by using optimal control technique: The case of New York State Electric and Gas Corporation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study, in its first part, explores the basic parameters of a power market in a utility district. The analysis of this market, naturally, includes a demand and a supply side and the interactions between the two. The econometric model is built to simulate the system of operations of one specific utility company, namely NYSEG (New York State Electric & Gas Corporation), one of seven major Investor-Owned-Utility Companies in New York State. The company serves about 17,000 square miles, or more than one third of the state's land, and one tenth of its population. The study uses time-series data covering 1960 to 1994 for more than fifty variables. The econometric analysis performs both single equation and system estimations and yields short-run vs. long-run and direct vs. total elasticity estimates, which are crucial for any producer in the market place. In the second part of this research, an optimal control procedure is used to evaluate NYSEG's investment policies retrospectively. For control calculations, a simplified linear version of the system of equations is used. Due to its constrained nature (both by being linear and having low degrees of freedom), the optimal control component mainly serves as an educational tool in microeconomic modeling. Lastly, we performed Exploratory Data Analysis for the data we employed. This was done to justify the use of certain parametric test procedures performed in the process basically by checking whether the implicit assumptions of normality and the randomness hold.

Guney, Esat Serhat

1997-12-01

345

17 CFR 250.58 - Exemption of investments in certain nonutility companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...securities of a gas-related company. (b) Definitions. For...The term energy-related company shall mean any company that, directly or indirectly...appliances; equipment to promote new technologies, or new applications for...

2010-04-01

346

17 CFR 250.58 - Exemption of investments in certain nonutility companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...securities of a gas-related company. (b) Definitions. For...The term energy-related company shall mean any company that, directly or indirectly...appliances; equipment to promote new technologies, or new applications for...

2009-04-01

347

Western gas crisis likely in 3 to 5 years  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas production from California fields has fallen from 707 to 299 MMcfd for northern California and from 457 to 92 MMcfd for southern California in the past five years. The imported gas from other regions in the U. S. to California has also decreased. Many sources of new gas available within the state are not being developed and projects for

1976-01-01

348

Greenhouse Gas and Criteria Air Pollutant Emission Reductions from Forest Fuel Treatment Projects in Placer County, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Years of successful fire suppression activities have left forests unnaturally dense, overstocked, and with high hazardous fuel loads. Wildfires, particularly those of high severity, may dramatically reduce carbon stocks and convert forested lands from carbon sinks to decades-long carbon sources . Forest resource managers are currently pursuing fuels reduction and mitigation strategies to reduce wildfire risk and maintain carbon stocks. These projects include selective thinning and removal of trees and brush to return forest ecosystems to more natural stocking levels, resulting in a more fire-resilient forest that in theory would retain higher carry capacity for standing above ground carbon. Resource managers are exploring the possibility of supporting these local forest management projects by offering greenhouse gas (GHG) offsets to project developers that require GHG emissions mitigation. Using robust field data, this research project modeled three types of carbon benefits that could be realized from forest management: 1. Fuels treatments in the study area were shown to reduce the GHG and Criteria Air Pollutant emissions from wildfires by decreasing the probability, extent, and severity of fires and the corresponding loss in forest carbon stocks; 2. Biomass utilization from fuel treatment was shown to reduce GHG and Criteria Air Pollutant emissions over the duration of the fuels treatment project compared to fossil fuel energy. 3. Management and thinning of forests in order to stimulate growth, resulting in more rapid uptake of atmospheric carbon and approaching a carbon carrying capacity stored in a forest ecosystem under prevailing environmental conditions and natural disturbance regimes.

Saah, D. S.; Moritz, M.; Ganz, D. J.; Stine, P. A.; Moody, T.

2010-12-01

349

41. March 18, 1939 Oakland, California Launching party with sponsor ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

41. March 18, 1939 Oakland, California Launching party with sponsor Miss Harriet Biota Mason (holding flowers) at the Moore Dry Dock Company. - U.S. Coast Guard Cutter FIR, Puget Sound Area, Seattle, King County, WA

350

43. April 28, 1939 Oakland, California View of propellers and ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

43. April 28, 1939 Oakland, California View of propellers and underside of hull on marine railway at the Moore Dry Dock Company. - U.S. Coast Guard Cutter FIR, Puget Sound Area, Seattle, King County, WA

351

76 FR 29744 - Monongahela Power Company, West Penn Power Company, The Potomac Edison Company, PJM...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Monongahela Power Company, West Penn Power Company, The Potomac Edison Company, PJM Interconnection, L.L.C.; Notice of Filing...Monongahela Power Company, West Penn Power Company, The Potomac Edison Company (collectively, the Designated FirstEnergy...

2011-05-23

352

California Wildflowers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Academy of Sciences's (CAS) Botany Department hosts this interesting and beautiful site on California's wildflowers. Spectacular color photographs of over 125 species of wildflowers serve as illustrations to this electronic field guide. Users may browse species by flower color (white through brown), common name (Alpine Lily to Yerba Mansa), latin name (Achillea millefolium to Zigadenus fremontii), or family name (Alismataceae through Violaceae). Additionally, floristic regions are provided in a color-coded map of California. For each species, the taxonomic identity (common, Latin, and family names), a description, photographs, and distribution information are provided. Educators and students of botany will find this site particularly useful; others will want to go see California in bloom.

353

A First Look at the Auriga-California Giant Molecular Cloud with Herschel and the CSO: Census of the Young Stellar Objects and the Dense Gas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have mapped the Auriga/California molecular cloud with the Herschel PACS and SPIRE cameras and the Bolocam 1.1 mm camera on the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory with the eventual goal of quantifying the star formation and cloud structure in this giant molecular cloud (GMC) that is comparable in size and mass to the Orion GMC, but which appears to be forming far fewer stars. We have tabulated 60 compact 70/160 ?m sources that are likely pre-main-sequence objects and correlated those with Spitzer and WISE mid-IR sources. At 1.1 mm, we find 18 cold, compact sources and discuss their properties. The most important result from this part of our study is that we find a modest number of additional compact young objects beyond those identified at shorter wavelengths with Spitzer. We also describe the dust column density and temperature structure derived from our photometric maps. The column density peaks at a few × 1022 cm-2 (N H2) and is distributed in a clear filamentary structure along which nearly all of the pre-main-sequence objects are found. We compare the young stellar object surface density to the gas column density and find a strong nonlinear correlation between them. The dust temperature in the densest parts of the filaments drops to ~10 K from values ~14-15 K in the low-density parts of the cloud. We also derive the cumulative mass fraction and probability density function of material in the cloud, which we compare with similar data on other star-forming clouds. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA.

Harvey, Paul M.; Fallscheer, Cassandra; Ginsburg, Adam; Terebey, Susan; André, Philippe; Bourke, Tyler L.; Di Francesco, James; Könyves, Vera; Matthews, Brenda C.; Peterson, Dawn E.

2013-02-01

354

Use of Cutting-Edge Horizontal and Underbalanced Drilling Technologies and Subsurface Seismic Techniques to Explore, Drill and Produce Reservoired Oil and Gas from the Fractured Monterey Below 10,000 ft in the Santa Maria Basin of California  

SciTech Connect

This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well was drilled by the project team in 2004 with the objective of accessing an extended length of oil-bearing, high-resistivity Monterey shale via a horizontal wellbore, while implementing managed-pressure drilling (MPD) techniques to avoid formation damage. Initial project meetings were conducted in October 2003. The team confirmed that the demonstration well would be completed open-hole to minimize productivity impairment. Following an overview of the geologic setting and local field experience, critical aspects of the application were identified. At the pre-spud meeting in January 2004, the final well design was confirmed and the well programming/service company requirements assigned. Various design elements were reduced in scope due to significant budgetary constraints. Major alterations to the original plan included: (1) a VSP seismic survey was delayed to a later phase; (2) a new (larger) surface hole would be drilled rather than re-enter an existing well; (3) a 7-in. liner would be placed into the top of the Monterey target as quickly as possible to avoid problems with hole stability; (4) evaluation activities were reduced in scope; (5) geosteering observations for fracture access would be deduced from penetration rate, cuttings description and hydrocarbon in-flow; and (6) rather than use nitrogen, a novel air-injection MPD system was to be implemented. Drilling operations, delayed from the original schedule by capital constraints and lack of rig availability, were conducted from September 12 to November 11, 2004. The vertical and upper curved sections were drilled and lined through the problematic shale member without major stability problems. The top of the targeted Monterey was thought to be seen at the expected TVD of 10,000 ft where the 7-in. liner was set at a 60{sup o} hole angle. Significant oil and gas shows suggested the fractured interval anticipated at the heel location had been penetrated. A total of 2572 ft of 6{Delta}-in. near-horizontal interval was placed in the shale section, extending planned well length by approximately 470 ft. Very little hydrocarbon in-flow was observed from fractures along the productive interval. This may be a result of the well trajectory falling underneath the Monterey fractured zone. Hydrocarbon observations, cuttings analysis and gamma-ray response indicated additional fractured intervals were accessed along the last {+-}900 ft of well length. The well was completed with a 2 and 7/8-in. tubing string set in a production packer in preparation for flow and swab tests to be conducted later by a service rig. The planned well time was estimated as 39 days and overall cost as $2.4 million. The actual results are 66 days at a total cost of $3.4 million. Well productivity responses during subsequent flow and swabbing tests were negative. The well failed to inflow and only minor amounts (a few barrels) of light oil were recovered. The lack of production may suggest that actual sustainable reservoir pressure is far less than anticipated. Temblor attempted in July, 2006, to re-enter and clean out the well and run an Array Induction log (primarily for resistivity and correlation purposes), and an FMI log (for fracture detection). Application of surfactant in the length of the horizontal hole, and acid over the fracture zone at 10,236 was also planned. This attempt was not successful in that the clean out tools became stuck and had to be abandoned.

George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

2006-06-30

355

USE OF CUTTING-EDGE HORIZONTAL AND UNDERBALANCED DRILLING TECHNOLOGIES AND SUBSURFACE SEISMIC TECHNIQUES TO EXPLORE, DRILL AND PRODUCE RESERVOIRED OIL AND GAS FROM THE FRACTURED MONTEREY BELOW 10,000 FT IN THE SANTA MARIA BASIN OF CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect

This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area by Temblor Petroleum with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well was drilled by the project team in 2004 with the objective of accessing an extended length of oil-bearing, high-resistivity Monterey shale via a horizontal wellbore, while implementing managed-pressure drilling (MPD) techniques to avoid formation damage. Initial project meetings were conducted in October 2003. The team confirmed that the demonstration well would be completed open-hole to minimize productivity impairment. Following an overview of the geologic setting and local field experience, critical aspects of the application were identified. At the pre-spud meeting in January 2004, the final well design was confirmed and the well programming/service company requirements assigned. Various design elements were reduced in scope due to significant budgetary constraints. Major alterations to the original plan included: (1) a VSP seismic survey was delayed to a later phase; (2) a new (larger) surface hole would be drilled rather than re-enter an existing well; (3) a 7-in. liner would be placed into the top of the Monterey target as quickly as possible to avoid problems with hole stability; (4) evaluation activities were reduced in scope; (5) geosteering observations for fracture access would be deduced from penetration rate, cuttings description and hydrocarbon in-flow; and (6) rather than use nitrogen, a novel air-injection MPD system was to be implemented. Drilling operations, delayed from the original schedule by capital constraints and lack of rig availability, were conducted from September 12 to November 11, 2004. The vertical and upper curved sections were drilled and lined through the problematic shale member without major stability problems. The top of the targeted Monterey was thought to be seen at the expected TVD of 10,000 ft where the 7-in. liner was set at a 60{sup o} hole angle. Significant oil and gas shows suggested the fractured interval anticipated at the heel location had been penetrated. A total of 2572 ft of 6.-in. near-horizontal interval was placed in the shale section, extending planned well length by approximately 470 ft. Very little hydrocarbon in-flow was observed from fractures along the productive interval. This may be a result of the well trajectory falling underneath the Monterey fractured zone. Hydrocarbon observations, cuttings analysis and gamma-ray response indicated additional fractured intervals were accessed along the last {+-}900 ft of well length. The well was completed with a 2 7/8-in. tubing string set in a production packer in preparation for flow and swab tests to be conducted later by a service rig. The planned well time was estimated as 39 days and overall cost as $2.4 million. The actual results are 66 days at a total cost of $3.4 million. Well productivity responses during subsequent flow and swabbing tests were negative. The well failed to inflow and only minor amounts (a few barrels) of light oil were recovered. The lack of production may suggest that actual sustainable reservoir pressure is far less than anticipated. Temblor is currently investigating the costs and operational viability of re-entering the well and conducting an FMI (fracture detection) log and/or an acid stimulation. No final decision or detailed plans have been made regarding these potential interventions at this time.

George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

2005-02-01

356

Use of Cutting-Edge Horizontal and Underbalanced Drilling Technologies and Subsurface Seismic Techniques to Explore, Drill and Produce Reservoired Oil and Gas from the Fractured Monterey Below 10,000 ft in the Santa Maria Basin of California  

SciTech Connect

This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well was drilled by the project team in 2004 with the objective of accessing an extended length of oil-bearing, high-resistivity Monterey shale via a horizontal wellbore, while implementing managed-pressure drilling (MPD) techniques to avoid formation damage. Initial project meetings were conducted in October 2003. The team confirmed that the demonstration well would be completed open-hole to minimize productivity impairment. Following an overview of the geologic setting and local field experience, critical aspects of the application were identified. At the pre-spud meeting in January 2004, the final well design was confirmed and the well programming/service company requirements assigned. Various design elements were reduced in scope due to significant budgetary constraints. Major alterations to the original plan included: (1) a VSP seismic survey was delayed to a later phase; (2) a new (larger) surface hole would be drilled rather than re-enter an existing well; (3) a 7-in. liner would be placed into the top of the Monterey target as quickly as possible to avoid problems with hole stability; (4) evaluation activities were reduced in scope; (5) geosteering observations for fracture access would be deduced from penetration rate, cuttings description and hydrocarbon in-flow; and (6) rather than use nitrogen, a novel air-injection MPD system was to be implemented. Drilling operations, delayed from the original schedule by capital constraints and lack of rig availability, were conducted from September 12 to November 11, 2004. The vertical and upper curved sections were drilled and lined through the problematic shale member without major stability problems. The top of the targeted Monterey was thought to be seen at the expected TVD of 10,000 ft where the 7-in. liner was set at a 60{sup o} hole angle. Significant oil and gas shows suggested the fractured interval anticipated at the heel location had been penetrated. A total of 2572 ft of 6 1/8-in. near-horizontal interval was placed in the shale section, extending planned well length by approximately 470 ft. Very little hydrocarbon in-flow was observed from fractures along the productive interval. This may be a result of the well trajectory falling underneath the Monterey fractured zone. Hydrocarbon observations, cuttings analysis and gamma-ray response indicated additional fractured intervals were accessed along the last {+-}900 ft of well length. The well was completed with a 2 7/8-in. tubing string set in a production packer in preparation for flow and swab tests to be conducted later by a service rig. The planned well time was estimated as 39 days and overall cost as $2.4 million. The actual results are 66 days at a total cost of $3.4 million. Well productivity responses during subsequent flow and swabbing tests were negative. The well failed to inflow and only minor amounts (a few barrels) of light oil were recovered. The lack of production may suggest that actual sustainable reservoir pressure is far less than anticipated. Temblor is currently planning to re-enter and clean out the well and run an Array Induction log (primarily for resistivity and correlation purposes), and an FMI log (for fracture detection). Depending on the results of these logs, an acidizing or re-drill program will be planned.

George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

2005-09-29

357

Electric energy demand and supply prospects for California  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent history of electricity forecasting in California is given. Dealing with forecasts and regulatory uncertainty is discussed. Graphs are presented for: (1) Los Angeles Department of Water and Power and Pacific Gas and Electric present and projected reserve margins; (2) California electricity peak demand forecast; and (3) California electricity production. Bibtex entry for this abstract Preferred format for this

H. G. M. Jones

1978-01-01

358

Effects of High Carbon Dioxide Soil-Gas Concentrations and Emission Rates From Mammoth Mountain, California, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High concentrations (90 vol %) of carbon dioxide (CO2) are present in shallow soils, and CO2 is emitted to the atmosphere at high rates (1,000 g/d/m2), in several locations around Mammoth Mountain. The CO2 emissions have been diffuse and at ambient temperature. CO2 in the soil has killed most of the coniferous forest in five areas totaling 35 ha around the north, west, and south sides of the mountain at altitudes between 2,600 and 3,000 m. Part of the CO2 has dissolved in ground water, causing acidic conditions and severely corroding steel casings in several wells. The high CO2 emission rates are implicated in the deaths of four people in the past eight years. During winter, a large quantity of CO2 is sequestered in the snow pack on parts of the mountain, posing potential dangers for winter recreation. One U.S. Forest Service campground has been closed and safety plans have been implemented by the local ski resort. Mammoth Mountain is a dormant Quaternary volcanic center, but overlies an area that has been affected by periods of magmatic unrest during the past two decades. Hypocenters of long-period earthquakes indicate that basaltic intrusions reach depths as shallow as 20 to 15 km, from which CO2 has exsolved during decompression and (or) crystallization of these intrusions. CO2 moves to the land surface along fracture zones associated with faults and possibly geologic contacts. The magmatic source of CO2 is confirmed by ¦Ä13C = -3 to -5 PDB, a lack of 14C, and 3He/4He = 4 to 5 R/RA. The present-day high CO2 soil-gas concentrations and emission rates were first documented in 1994; however, anecdotal information and low 14C in post-1989 tree rings suggest that an abrupt increase in both concentrations and emission rates probably began in 1990, following a 6-month period of seismic swarm activity beneath the mountain. Emissions in an area on the south flank of the mountain have been the focus of CO2 monitoring and have shown no indications of abatement between 1994 and 2005, during which estimates of the total CO2 efflux ranged from 90 to 150 MT/d. The variations can be partly attributed to the precision of the techniques and to minor differences in measurement protocols between researchers; variations in soil- moisture and atmospheric conditions alone can cause fluctuations in efflux of ± 10% over periods of hours to days.

Farrar, C. D.; Evans, W. C.

2006-12-01

359

5. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California Edison Company Corporate Offices, Rosemead, California). Photographer unknown, pre-1970. PLANT 2 AND COTTAGES EMPHASIZING SOUTH END OF COMPLEX. VIEW TO WEST. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 2, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

360

1. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California Edison Company Corporate Offices, Rosemead, California). Photographer unknown, about 1959. PLANT 3 POWERHOUSE. COTTAGES 1 AND 2 ARE VISIBLE BEHIND TREES AT PHOTO-LEFT. COTTAGES WERE REMOVED IN 1970s. VIEW TO SOUTH. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 3, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

361

4. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California Edison Company Corporate Offices, Rosemead, California). Photographer unknown, pre-1970. PLANT 2 AND COTTAGES EMPHASIZING NORTH END OF COMPLEX. VIEW TO WEST. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 2, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

362

9. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California Edison Company Corporate Offices, Rosemead, California). Photographer unknown, about 1909. OVERVIEW PHOTOGRAPH OF EARLY PLANT 4 COMPLEX. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST FROM EAST RIDGE. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 4, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

363

10. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California Edison Company Corporate Offices, Rosemead, California). Photographer unknown, about 1908. CLUB HOUSE LOCATED AT THE SOUTHERN END OF THE MAIN PLANT 4 RESIDENTIAL STREET. THE CLUB HOUSE WAS REMOVED IN THE 1970s. VIEW TO SOUTHWEST. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 4, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

364

BENDING SHOP & OVEN. United Engineering Co., Alameda, California. Plan, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

BENDING SHOP & OVEN. United Engineering Co., Alameda, California. Plan, two elevations, sections, and details. Alben Froberg, Architect, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 1 of 1. Various scales. December 15, 1941. pencil on tracing paper - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Bending Shop & Oven, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

365

Measuring Tsunami Current Velocities on California’s North Coast  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Northern California coast is particularly susceptible to tsunami damage. Thirty-one tsunamis have been recorded since 1933 when the first tide gauge was installed at Citizen’s Dock in Crescent City, California and four have caused damage. In November 2006, a magnitude 8.3 earthquake in the Kuril Islands generated a tsunami that caused over $20 million in damages and replacement costs to the Crescent City small boat basin. The 2006 tsunami did not flood any areas above the normal high tide; very strong currents produced as the tsunami surged in and out of the small boat basin caused all of the damage. The Harbor Master and commercial fishermen in the area estimated the peak currents near the mouth of the small boat basin at 12 to 15 knots or 6 to 8 m/sec. MOST numerical modeling of the 2006 currents in Crescent City gives peak velocities in the 2-3 m/sec range. We have initiated a pilot project to directly measure current velocities produced by moderate tsunamis such as the 2006 event. In spring of 2009 we acquired a Nortek Aquadopp 600 kHz acoustic 2-D current profiler through a donation from the Pacific Gas and Electric Company to measure currents in Humboldt Bay, located 100 km south of Crescent City. The manufacturer specifies the current meter can measure currents up to 10 m/sec. In a preliminary deployment at the Fairhaven dock inside Humboldt Bay in May 2009, we measured current velocities of 1.5 m/sec caused by the daily tidal fluctuation with a 1 minute sampling rate. Our primary goal is to model control and data telemetry of this current meter after NOAA’s tsunami-ready tide gages, in collaboration with NOAA personnel at PMEL and CO-OPS. We also intend to make available real-time current measurements online for the local maritime community. In this poster, we present preliminary results from the current meter and discuss deployment and telecommunication considerations. While some interference is present in the closest range bins, the system measures currents in the nearby navigational channel that compare favorably to NOAA tidal predictions at a nearby location. Once the deployment and telemetry issues have been resolved at the Humboldt Bay site, we will be deploying two additional instruments in Crescent City.

Crawford, G. B.; Dengler, L. A.; Montoya, J.

2009-12-01

366

The Implementation of the California Community Colleges Telecommunications and Technology Infrastructure Program, 2000-2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the sixth report on the status and progress of the Telecommunications and Technology Infrastructure Program (TTIP), submitted by the California Community Colleges. In California, familiarity with and use of computers is fundamental to economic success. California is home to many of the major companies involved in creating the future of the…

California Community Colleges, Sacramento. Office of the Chancellor.

367

18 CFR 2.57 - Temporary certificates-pipeline companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Interpretations Under the Natural Gas Act § 2.57 Temporary certificatesâpipeline companies. The Federal...section 7(c) of the Natural Gas Act to authorize in appropriate...extensions of an existing pipeline system. It will not...

2013-04-01

368

Reasons for decision in the matter of Imperial Oil Resources Limited and Boston Gas Company application pursuant to Part VI of the National Energy Board Act for a license to export natural gas: GH-1-99  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the Reasons for Decision in the matter of Hearing Order GH-1-99, heard in Halifax, NS on May 4 and 5, 1999. The proceeding concerns an application for a gas export license from Imperial Oil Resources Ltd. (IORL) and Boston Gas for a proposed export for sale to Boston Gas for the period 1 Nov 1999 to 31 Mar 2007. The natural gas will be produced from the Sable Offshore Energy Project and replace IORL's Alberta natural gas supplies sold to Boston Gas. The document includes a discussion of the market-based procedure used by the Board to assess the merits of an application to obtain a gas export license.

Not Available

1999-01-01

369

Pipeline Accident Report - Union Light, Heat and Power Company, Natural Gas Explosion and Fire, Simon Kenton High School, Independence, Kentucky, October 9, 1980.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

About 11:55 a.m., on October 9, 1980, a 2-inch-diameter compression coupling located on the upstream side of a gas meter set assembly in the boilerroom of the Simon Kenton High School in Independence, Kentucky, pulled out of its connection with a 2-inch-d...

1981-01-01

370

California Connected  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Even as public interest programming on television seems to constitute less and less of the average programming schedule, there remain a few bright spots on the dial. One such program is California Connected, which is a public affairs television show that focuses on issues throughout the state of California. The program is produced through a collaboration of four of the state's PBS stations, along with generous assistance from a number of foundations, including The Annenberg Foundation. Visitors can view each show in its entirety on the site, and they may also want to browse the archives, which date back to 2002. There are a number of compelling programs here, including episodes on the efforts to create a solar-hydrogen fuel system and the state of California's biotech industry. If users of the site wish to search the contents of the archive by keyword or topic, they may do so here as well.

371

California offshore LNG port feasible  

Microsoft Academic Search

An offshore facility for liquefied natural gas (LNG) has been declared technologically and economically feasible by the California Coastal Commission, which is also charged with selecting the best onshore site. The Commission chose an offshore site in Ventura County on the basis of its remoteness and fewer potential environmental impacts. An offshore LNG terminal is estimated to cost in the

Murnane

1978-01-01

372

76 FR 1149 - Eagle Crest Energy Company; Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California] Eagle Crest Energy Company; Notice of Availability...Eagle Mountain Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Project...1969 and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...47897]), the Office of Energy Projects has reviewed...Eagle Mountain Pumped Storage Hydroelectric...

2011-01-07

373

77 FR 5505 - Eagle Crest Energy Company; Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California] Eagle Crest Energy Company; Notice of Availability...Eagle Mountain Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Project...1969 and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...47897]), the Office of Energy Projects has reviewed...Eagle Mountain Pumped Storage Hydroelectric...

2012-02-03

374

75 FR 5075 - Coalinga Cogeneration Company, Kern River Cogeneration Company, Mid-Set Cogeneration Company...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ER10-612-000; ER10-611-000] Coalinga Cogeneration Company, Kern River Cogeneration Company, Mid-Set Cogeneration Company...above-referenced proceeding of Coalinga Cogeneration Company, Kern River Cogeneration Company, Mid-Set Cogeneration...

2010-02-01

375

Neogene Gas Total Petroleum System -- Neogene Nonassociated Gas Assessment Unit of the San Joaquin Basin Province: Chapter 22 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Neogene Nonassociated Gas Assessment Unit (AU) of the Neogene Total Petroleum System consists of nonassociated gas accumulations in Pliocene marine and brackish-water sandstone located in the south and central San Joaquin Basin Province (Rudkin, 1968). Traps consist mainly of stratigraphic lenses in low-relief, elongate domes that trend northwest-southeast. Reservoir rocks typically occur as sands that pinch out at shallow depths (1,000 to 7,500 feet) within the Etchegoin and San Joaquin Formations. Map boundaries of the assessment unit are shown in figures 22.1 and 22.2; this assessment unit replaces the Pliocene Nonassociated Gas play 1001 (shown by purple line in fig. 22.1) considered by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in its 1995 National Assessment (Beyer, 1996). The AU is drawn to include all existing fields containing nonassociated gas accumulations in the Pliocene to Pleistocene section, as was done in the 1995 assessment, but it was greatly expanded to include adjacent areas believed to contain similar source and reservoir rock relationships. Stratigraphically, the AU extends from the topographic surface to the base of the Etchegoin Formation (figs. 22.3 and 22.4). The boundaries of the AU explicitly exclude gas accumulations in Neogene rocks on the severely deformed west side of the basin and gas accumulations in underlying Miocene rocks; these resources, which primarily consist of a mixture of mostly thermogenic and some biogenic gas, are included in two other assessment units. Lillis and others (this volume, chapter 10) discuss the geochemical characteristics of biogenic gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province. Primary fields in the assessment unit are defined as those containing hydrocarbon resources greater than the USGS minimum threshold for assessment—3 billion cubic feet (BCF) of gas; secondary fields contain smaller volumes of gas but constitute a significant show of hydrocarbons. Although 12 fields meet the 3 BCF criterion for inclusion in the AU, only 5 fields were considered at the time of assessment.

Hosford Scheirer, Allegra; Magoon, Leslie B.

2009-01-01

376

California Upwelling  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Earth Science Picture of the Day shows a SeaWIFS color-coded image of a cold water upwelling along the California coast. The annotated image also explains the physics of upwellings and how they contribute to nutrient cycling and phytoplankton growth.

Day, Earth S.

377

Adapting California's energy markets to growth in renewable resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electric power generation is the second-largest category of greenhouse gas emissions in California, next to transportation. California's administration, legislature, and energy regulators have adopted aggressive targets for renewable energy due to heavy reliance on natural gas as a fuel for electric generation, which will result in profound changes in markets and system operations. The growth of renewable in-state generation involves

James E. Price; Anjali Sheffrin

2010-01-01

378

Plan for Management of Mineral Assess on Native Tribal Lands and for Formation of a Fully Integrated Natural Gas and Oil Exploration and Production Company  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a plan for Native American tribes to assume responsibility for and operation of tribal mineral resources using the Osage Tribe as an example. Under this plan, the tribal council select and employ a qualified Director to assume responsibility for management of their mineral reservations. The procurement process should begin with an application for contracting to the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Under this plan, the Director will develop strategies to increase income by money management and increasing exploitation of natural gas, oil, and other minerals.

Blechner, Michael H.; Carroll, Herbert B.; Johnson, William I.

1999-04-27

379

California energy flow in 1991  

SciTech Connect

Energy consumption in California fell in 1991 for the first time in five years. The State`s economy was especially hard hit by a continuing national recession. The construction industry for the second year experienced a dramatic downturn. Energy use in the industrial sector showed a modest increase, but consumption in other end-use categories declined. The decrease in energy used in transportation can be traced to a substantial fall in the sales of both highway diesel fuels and vessel bunkering fuels at California ports, the latter reflecting a mid-year increase in taxes. Gasoline sales by contrast increased as did the number of miles traveled and the number of automobiles in the State. Production in California`s oil and gas fields was at 1990 levels thus arresting a steady decline in output. Due to enlarged steam flooding operations, production at several fields reached record levels. Also countering the decline in many of California fields was new production from the Port Arguello offshore field. California natural gas production, despite a modest 1991 increase, will not fill the use within the State. Petroleum comprised more than half of the State`s energy supply principally for transportation. Natural gas use showed a small increase. Oil products play virtually no role in electrical production. The largest single source of electricity to the State is imports from the Pacific Northwest and from coal-fired plants in the Southwest. Combined contributions to transmitted electricity from renewable and alternate sources declined as hydropower was constrained by a prolonged drought and as geothermal power from the largest and oldest field at The Geysers fell. Windpower grew slightly; however solar power remained at 1990 levels and made no substantial contribution to total power generation.

Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

1993-04-01

380

Gas and Isotope Geochemistry of 81 Steam Samples from Wells in the Geysers Geothermal Field, Sonoma and Lake Counties, California, U.S.A.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Geysers geothermal field in northern California, with about 2000-MW electrical capacity, is the largest geothermal field in the world. Despite its importance as a resource and as an example of a vapor-dominated reservoir, very few complete geochemical...

J. B. Lowenstern C. J. Janik L. S. Fahlquist L. S. Johnson

1999-01-01

381

A COMPARISON OF THE FISH ASSEMBLAGES ASSOCIATED WITH AN OIL\\/GAS PIPELINE AND ADJACENT SEAFLOOR IN THE SANTA BARBARA CHANNEL, SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BIGHT  

Microsoft Academic Search

An oil pipeline and its surrounding seafloor, located in the Santa Barbara Chan - nel, southern California, were surveyed for fishes using a manned research sub- mersible. The parts of the pipeline and seafloor surveyed were situated in waters 95-235 m deep. Some sections of the surveyed pipe were covered with both sessile and motile invertebrates, such as sea anemones

Milton S. Love; Anne York

382

25. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company Office), photographer unknown, March 1954. VIEW OF THE GAGE IRRIGATION CANAL, CONCRETE 'COVERING COMPLETED & BACKFILLED TO WATERMAN AVENUE...CURVING TOWARD NO. 1 TUNNEL' - California Citrus Heritage Recording Project, Riverside, Riverside County, CA

383

California Shipwrecks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from the California State Lands Commission offers a nice collection of resources for actual or armchair underwater archaeologists. The core of the site is a database of over 1500 California shipwrecks, searchable by keyword in twelve fields. Search returns include ship's name, type, years built and sunk, cause, owner, captain, length, beam, tonnage, engine, and county. The other major feature at the site is an exhibition on the wreck and recovery of the Brother Jonathan. The exhibit includes the story of the ship and its specifications, a passenger list, a photo exhibit of artifacts and video of the wreck, and some comments on the significance of the archaeological remains. Other sections of the site include brief articles on the sinking of eight ships, video and audio clips, and links to related sites.

384

Direct participation of electrical loads in the California independent system operator markets during the Summer of 2000  

SciTech Connect

California's restructured electricity markets opened on 1 April 1998. The former investor-owned utilities were functionally divided into generation, transmission, and distribution activities, all of their gas-fired generating capacity was divested, and the retail market was opened to competition. To ensure that small customers shared in the expected benefit of lower prices, the enabling legislation mandated a 10% rate cut for all customers, which was implemented in a simplistic way that fossilized 1996 tariff structures. Rising fuel and environmental compliance costs, together with a reduced ability to import electricity, numerous plant outages, and exercise of market power by generators drove up wholesale electricity prices steeply in 2000, while retail tariffs remained unchanged. One of the distribution/supply companies entered bankruptcy in April 2001, and another was insolvent. During this period, two sets of interruptible load programs were in place, longstanding ones organized as special tariffs by the distribution/supply companies and hastily established ones run directly by the California Independent System Operator (CAISO). The distribution/supply company programs were effective at reducing load during the summer of 2000, but because of the high frequency of outages required by a system on the brink of failure, customer response declined and many left the tariff. The CAISO programs failed to attract enough participation to make a significant difference to the California supply demand imbalance. The poor performance of direct load participation in California's markets reinforces the argument for accurate pricing of electricity as a stimulus to energy efficiency investment and as a constraint on market volatility.

Marnay, Chris; Hamachi, Kristina S.; Khavkin, Mark; Siddiqui, Afzal S.

2001-04-01

385

Quantifying Regional Greenhouse Gas Emissions of HFC-134a From Atmospheric Measurements at the Trinidad Head (California), Cape Grim (Tasmania) and Mace Head (Ireland) Remote AGAGE Sites.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atmospheric measurement-based "top-down" approaches to emissions estimation provide a method of validating reported inventory-based "bottom-up" emissions assessments. At the AGAGE (Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment) measurement stations at Trinidad Head (THD) on the Northern California coast (41°N, 124°W), Cape Grim (CGM) on the northwestern tip of Tasmania (41°S, 145°E), and Mace Head (MHD) on the western coast of Ireland (53°N, 10°W), Medusa GC/MS and GC/ECD/FID instrumentation measure a wide range of trace gases in ambient air at high temporal resolution and high precision. Here, the western US, northwestern European and southern Australian emissions of the greenhouse gas (GHG) HFC-134a are estimated using the HFC-134a measurements, an atmospheric dispersion model (NAME), and an inversion methodology. NAME (Numerical Atmospheric dispersion Modelling Environment) is a Lagrangian atmospheric dispersion model that uses 3D meteorology from the UK Met Office numerical weather prediction model. Mid-latitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere baseline concentrations of HFC-134a are determined using NAME and statistical post- processing of the observations, and this baseline is used to generate a time series of "polluted" (above baseline) observations. In this application NAME is run backwards in time for ten days for each 3-hour interval in 1995-2008 for MHD, 2003-2008 for CGM and 2005-2008 for THD releasing thousands of model particles at each observing site. A map is then produced estimating all of the surface (0-100m) contributions within ten days of travel arriving at each site during each interval. The resulting matrix describes the dilution in concentration that occurs from a unit release from each grid as it travels to the measurement site. Iterative inversion modeling is then carried out to generate an emission estimate that provides the best statistical match between the modeled time series and the observations. Uncertainty in the emission estimates is captured by starting each solution from a randomly generated emission map, randomly perturbing the observations by a noise factor, and solving the inversion eight times using two different skill score (cost) functions. Solutions are found for each 24-month period (Jan-Dec, Feb-Jan, etc.) within the timescales given. The estimated emission distributions pick out most of the significant populated areas and estimates very low emissions from the ocean areas. This is consistent with the understanding that HFC-134a is emitted broadly in line with population as it is widely used as a refrigerant, e.g. in car air conditioners. The results using MHD show that the emissions of HFC-134a in northwestern Europe have increased sharply over the past 14 years. The emissions per head of population for each 24-month period from each of the different geographical regions are compared. The emissions for each area are also scaled up to country (USA and Australia) and collective countries (EU-15) totals based on population and compared with UNFCCC inventory estimates.

Manning, A. J.; Weiss, R. F.; Mühle, J.; Fraser, P. J.; Krummel, P. B.; O'Doherty, S.; Simmonds, P. G.

2008-12-01

386

Field testing of behavioral barriers for fish exclusion at cooling-water intake systems, Central Hudson Gas and Electric Company Roseton Generating Station: Final report  

SciTech Connect

A seasonal field testing program was conducted during 1986 and 1987 to evaluate the effectiveness of behavioral barriers at Central Hudson Gas and Electric Corporations's Roseton Generating Station located in the euryhaline section of the Hudson River. This station was selected as representative of power plants with shoreline riverine/estuarine intake systems. Three commercially available devices (air bubble curtain, pneumatic gun, and underwater strobe light) were tested alone and in combination to determine their effectiveness in reducing impingement. The primary testing method incorporated three or four 6-h impingement collections during each test date, each consisting of two randomly assigned 3-h samples: one was an experimental test with a behavioral device in operation, the other a control test with no device operating. The effectiveness of the devices at excluding fish was determined by comparing impingement data from experimental and control periods. Results of the program do not establish that the deployment of underwater strobe lights, pneumatic guns, an air bubble curtain, or various combinations of the three devices will effectively lower fish impingement at power plants similar in design and location to the Roseton plant. Deterrent effectiveness was found to be species-specific and related to time of day. 51 refs., 67 figs., 72 tabs.

Matousek, J.A.; Wells, A.W.; McGroddy, P.M.

1988-09-01

387

18 CFR 367.4300 - Account 430, Interest on debt to associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Account 430, Interest on debt to associate companies...AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE COMPANIES SUBJECT...NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income...

2013-04-01

388

18 CFR 367.4572 - Account 457.2, Indirect costs charged to associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS...COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts...include any compensation for use of equity capital or inter-company interest on...

2013-04-01

389

18 CFR 367.4571 - Account 457.1, Direct costs charged to associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS...COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts...include any compensation for use of equity capital or inter-company interest on...

2013-04-01

390

18 CFR 367.23 - Transactions with non-associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS...COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT General Instructions § 367...associate companies as compensation for use of capital invested in the service...

2013-04-01

391

Impose a moratorium on offshore oil and gas leasing, certain licensing and permitting, and approval of certain plans, with respect to geographical areas located in the Pacific Ocean off the coastline of the State of California, and in the Atlantic Ocean off the State of Massachusetts. Introduced in the Senate of the United States, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session, March 26, 1985  

SciTech Connect

Senate Bill 734 prohibits exploratory drilling (including leasing, licensing, or permitting for such activity) for oil or gas in certain coastal areas of California and Massachusetts if there will be an adverse effect on the geographical area. The bill identifies certain tracts from leasing maps for the moratorium. It does not exclude scientific exploration or activities, which the Secretary of the Interior may approve.

Not Available

1985-01-01

392

California commercial building energy benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

Building energy benchmarking is the comparison of whole-building energy use relative to a set of similar buildings. It provides a useful starting point for individual energy audits and for targeting buildings for energy-saving measures in multiple-site audits. Benchmarking is of interest and practical use to a number of groups. Energy service companies and performance contractors communicate energy savings potential with ''typical'' and ''best-practice'' benchmarks while control companies and utilities can provide direct tracking of energy use and combine data from multiple buildings. Benchmarking is also useful in the design stage of a new building or retrofit to determine if a design is relatively efficient. Energy managers and building owners have an ongoing interest in comparing energy performance to others. Large corporations, schools, and government agencies with numerous facilities also use benchmarking methods to compare their buildings to each other. The primary goal of Task 2.1.1 Web-based Benchmarking was the development of a web-based benchmarking tool, dubbed Cal-Arch, for benchmarking energy use in California commercial buildings. While there were several other benchmarking tools available to California consumers prior to the development of Cal-Arch, there were none that were based solely on California data. Most available benchmarking information, including the Energy Star performance rating, were developed using DOE's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), which does not provide state-level data. Each database and tool has advantages as well as limitations, such as the number of buildings and the coverage by type, climate regions and end uses. There is considerable commercial interest in benchmarking because it provides an inexpensive method of screening buildings for tune-ups and retrofits. However, private companies who collect and manage consumption data are concerned that the identities of building owners might be revealed and hence are reluctant to share their data. The California Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), the primary source of data for Cal-Arch, is a unique source of information on commercial buildings in California. It has not been made public; however, it was made available by CEC to LBNL for the purpose of developing a public benchmarking tool.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2003-07-01

393

California Energy Commission: Ocean Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This California Energy Commission website discusses how electrical power can be generated from tidal power, wave power, ocean thermal energy conversion, ocean currents, ocean winds, salinity gradients, and other ocean phenomena. Users can learn how different areas of the ocean vary in their potential energy production. The site presents the history of ocean energy production and the issues associated with permitting an ocean wave-energy conversion facility. Users can find links to ocean energy education and to companies and research groups involved with ocean energy development.

394

Project SAGE: Solar assisted gas energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Plans are formulated to: improve solar assisted gas energy (SAGE) technical design and performance; reduce SAGE costs; refine SAGE market assessment; and identify policies to encourage the use of SAGE. Two SAGE water heating systems were installed and tested. One system was retrofit onto an existing apartment building; the other was installed in a new apartment building. Each installation required approximately 1000 square feet of collector area tilted to an angle of 37(0) from the horizontal, and each was designed to supply about 70 percent of the energy for heating water for approximately 32 to 40 units of a typical two-story apartment complex, in Southern California. Construction costs were compiled, and both installations were equipped with performance monitoring equipment. The operating and maintenance requirements of each installation was evaluated by gas company maintenance engineers. Market penetration was assessed by developing a computer simulation program using the technical and economic analysis from the installation experience.

1980-03-01

395

California Undercurrent off Northern Baja California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The California Undercurrent is a subthermocline poleward flow of warm and salty low-oxygen water along the coasts of California and Baja California. The salinity maximum is centered on the isanosteric surface of thermosteric anomaly 150 cl/t, and the regi...

W. S. Wooster J. H. Jones

1970-01-01

396

Coal Company Facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

All aspects of life took place on company land. Every mine had its own town, laid one after another along the tracks that brought people and supplies in and out. Coal camps, were densely populated semi-urban areas, with a company store, pool halls, and rows of cookie-cutter houses. But the populations of the coalfields were always changing. A constant flow

Ashley Gray

397

Measuring the Company Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the logics of the efficient capital investment, the management of the investment of the saving capital in the company’s assets must conclude, on the end of the financial year, with a plus of real value (NPV > 0). From this point of view, in this paper we suggest the usage of an investment valuation model for the assessment

Ion Stancu

2006-01-01

398

75 FR 19963 - Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC; Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Florida Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulation (M&R) (Grand Bay M&R Station) with pig launcher in Grand Bay, Alabama (MP 8.8); One...Protection Regulator Station with pig receiver in Citronelle, Alabama...Expansion Project would consist of the following facilities:...

2010-04-16

399

46 CFR 15.1010 - California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...W. (c) El Segundo, CA. The waters including the Chevron USA, El Segundo Marine Terminal, lying within an area bounded by a line...including the Pacific Gas and Electric Company mooring and the two Chevron Oil Company Terminals lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at...

2009-10-01

400

The Neftemash closed joint-stock company  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Neftemash closed joint-stock company was created from the VNIIneftemash Scientific Production Association in the privatization process in the country. Members of the Neftemash Co. are listed. This group of members determined the basic activities of the Neftemash Co. as a multifunctional scientific production complex for designing and manufacturing modern equipment for oil and gas production and refining. By having

Umanchik

1995-01-01

401

18 CFR 367.1460 - Account 146, Accounts receivable from associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Account 146, Accounts receivable from associate companies. 367.1460...POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE COMPANIES SUBJECT TO...

2013-04-01

402

18 CFR 367.2340 - Account 234, Accounts payable to associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Resources 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Account 234, Accounts payable to associate companies. 367.2340 Section...POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE COMPANIES SUBJECT TO...

2013-04-01

403

18 CFR 367.3991 - Account 399.1, Asset retirement costs for service company property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources...retirement costs for service company property. 367.3991 Section 367.3991 Conservation of Power and Water Resources...GAS ACT Service Company Property Chart of Accounts §...

2013-04-01

404

Deep Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the California Transportation Sector: Dynamics in Vehicle Fleet and Energy Supply Transitions to Achieve 80% Reduction in Emissions from 1990 Levels by 2050  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

California's "80in50" target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 80 percent below 1990 levels by the year 2050 is based on climate science rather than technical feasibility of mitigation. As such, it raises four fundamental questions: is this magnitude of reduction in greenhouse gas emissions possible, what energy system transitions over the next 40 years are necessary, can intermediate policy goals be met on the pathway toward 2050, and does the path of transition matter for the objective of climate change mitigation? Scenarios for meeting the 80in50 goal in the transportation sector are modelled. Specifically, earlier work defining low carbon transport scenarios for the year 2050 is refined by incorporating new information about biofuel supply. Then transition paths for meeting 80in50 scenarios are modelled for the light-duty vehicle sub-sector, with important implications for the timing of action, rate of change, and cumulative greenhouse gas emissions. One aspect of these transitions -- development in the California wind industry to supply low-carbon electricity for plug-in electric vehicles -- is examined in detail. In general, the range of feasible scenarios for meeting the 80in50 target is narrow enough that several common themes are apparent: electrification of light-duty vehicles must occur; continued improvements in vehicle efficiency must be applied to improving fuel economy; and energy carriers must de-carbonize to less than half of the carbon intensity of gasoline and diesel. Reaching the 80in50 goal will require broad success in travel demand reduction, fuel economy improvements and low-carbon fuel supply, since there is little opportunity to increase emission reductions in one area if we experience failure in another. Although six scenarios for meeting the 80in50 target are defined, only one also meets the intermediate target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by the year 2020. Furthermore, the transition path taken to reach any one of these scenarios can differ in cumulative emissions by more than 25 percent. Since cumulative emissions are the salient factor for climate change mitigation and the likelihood of success is an important consideration, initiating action immediately to begin the transitions indicated for achieving the 80in50 goal is found to be prudent.

Leighty, Wayne Waterman

405

Attraction of Company Online Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today many companies build online communities in order to retain existing customers by identifying their needs and beliefs as well as to attract potential clients. Company online communities also enable conversations between visitors and dialogue between visitors and representatives of companies. Exploring why visitors visit companies' online communities is very important for companies to be able to optimize the benefits

Maria Mäntymäki; Tuula Mittilä

2004-01-01

406

Revision of Outer Continental Shelf oil and gas activities in the Pacific (Southern California) and their onshore impacts: Pacific summary report 2. Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Information Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report includes a discussion of a variety of current regional and local Outer Continental Shelf related issues. The Pacific Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) is an established hydrocarbon-producing region since 1896. Almost 77,000 barrels of oil are produced from the California Federal OCS each day as of December 1981, and leases on State tidelands produce about 40,000 barrels of oil

K. M. Collins; C. A. McCord; A. Stadnychenko; P. Yoskin

1982-01-01

407

76 FR 4129 - Notice on Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sales  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Inc. BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. Group IV......................... Chevron Corporation. Chevron U.S.A. Inc. Chevron Midcontinent, LP. Unocal Corporation. Union Oil Company of California. Pure Partners,...

2011-01-24

408

Energy alternatives for California: Paths to the future  

Microsoft Academic Search

Major energy issues affecting California were studied. Considerable emphasis was placed on developing a coordinated state policy response which is harmonious with national interests. A description of past and future energy sources is first presented and uses of energy in California are discussed. Several energy supply issues are then addressed: West-East oil movement, offshore oil and gas development, a northern

W. Ahern; W. Harris; A. Lipson; D. Morris; R. Nehring

1975-01-01

409

Cruise summary for P-1-02-SC : acoustic imaging of natural oil and gas seeps and measurement of dissolved methane concentration in coastal waters near Pt. Conception, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water-column acoustic anomalies and methane concentrations were documented in coastal waters surrounding Pt. Conception, California, in March 2002. The purpose of this survey, supported by the Minerals Management Service, was to locate active oil and gas seeps in the area as a background for further studies to determine hydrocarbon flux, mainly oil, into the environment. Objectives in reaching this goal are to (1) document the locations and geochemically fingerprint natural seeps within the offshore southern Santa Maria Basin; (2) geochemically fingerprint coastal tar residues and potential sources, both onshore and offshore, in this region; (3) establish chemical correlations between offshore active seeps and coastal residues thus linking seep sources to oil residues; (4) measure the rate of natural seepage of individual seeps and attempt to assess regional natural oil and gas seepage rates; (5) attempt to predict transport pathways of oil from seep sources to the coastline and; (6) interpret the petroleum system history for the natural seeps. This survey, addressing objective 1, focused on the area from offshore Surf Beach to the north and Gaviota to the south in water depths ranging from 20 to 500m. In addition, nine stations were sampled outside this area to provide a regional context. Water-column methane concentrations were measured in water samples collected from the R/V Point Sur with Niskin bottles from various depths. A total of 724 water samples from 94 stations were collected.

Lorenson, Thomas D.; Dougherty, Jennifer A.; Ussler, William, III; Paull, Charles K.

2003-01-01

410

Pipeline and Gas Journal`s 1998 annual pipeline directory and equipment guide  

SciTech Connect

The tables provide information on line pipe sizes, walls, grades, and manufacturing processes. Data are presented by manufacturer within each country. Also tabulated are engineering and construction service companies, crude oil pipeline companies, products pipeline companies, natural gas pipeline companies, gas distribution companies, and municipal gas systems in the US. There is also a Canadian and an international directory.

NONE

1998-09-01

411

Tracing the subducted oceanic crust beneath the central California continental margin: Results from ocean bottom seismometers deployed during the 1986 Pacific Gas and Electric EDGE experiment  

SciTech Connect

Large aperture seismic data were collected on several ocean bottom seismometers (OBS) deployed along a deep crustal seismic profile that was shot across the central California continental margin. The line of shots extends from the oceanic crust seaward of the Santa Lucia Escarpment to the California coast near Morro Bay and crosses the Santa Lucia Basin, Santa Lucia Bank, Santa Maria Basin, and Hosgri fault zone. The OBS data permits one to trace the subducted oceanic crust from seaward of the Santa Lucia Escarpment to beneath the central part of the Santa Maria Basin. Just seaward of the Santa Lucia Escarpment, the oceanic crust is subhorizontal and covered by a thin layer of low-velocity sediment. The velocity (4.5 km/s) and gradient (1.20-1.25 km/s/km) of the upper oceanic crust in this region are well determined and agree with earlier determinations of the crustal structure of the eastern Pacific. Beneath the Santa Lucia Escarpment and Santa Lucia Basin, the oceanic crust dips approximately 16{degrees} to the east. It is overlain by material with a velocity that increases from 4.8 to 6.4 km/s at a depth of 1.7-5.5 km below the seafloor beneath the Santa Lucia Basin. A low-velocity zone may be sandwiched between the subducted crust and this shallow high-velocity material, which the authors interpret to represent obducted oceanic crustal material. Beneath the eastern edge of Santa Lucia Basin, the dip of the subducted oceanic crust decreases to less that 2{degrees}. The configuration of the subducted crust in this region is consistent with imbrication of the subducted crust. Beneath the central Santa Maria Basin, the top of the subducted oceanic crust is at a depth of about 14-16 km and the Moho is at 19-21 km.

Trehu, A. (Oregon State Univ., Corvallis (USA))

1991-04-10

412

Public Health-Related Impacts of Climate Change inCalifornia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In June 2005 Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger issued Executive Order S-3-05 that set greenhouse gas emission reduction targets for California, and directed the Secretary of the California Environmental Protection Agency to report to the governor and the State legislature by January 2006 and biannually thereafter on the impacts to California of global warming, including impacts to water supply, public health, agriculture,

D. M. Drechsler; N. Motallebi; M. Kleeman; D. Cayan; K. Hayhoe; L. S. Kalkstein; N. L. Miller; J. Jin; R. A. VanCuren

2005-01-01

413

Developing a New Field-Validated Methodology for Landfill Methane Emissions in California  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This project was initiated in the US by the California Energy Commission (CEC) in cooperation with the California Integrated Waste Management Board (CIWMB) to develop improved methods for landfill methane emissions for the California greenhouse gas inventory. This 3-year project (2007-2010) is devel...

414

The Impact of California's Global Warming Legislation on the Electric Utility Industry  

SciTech Connect

California's greenhouse gas legislation would appear at first glance to be a significant benefit to the development of renewable energy resources both in California and in neighboring states. However, the difficulties that California has experienced in implementing its renewable portfolio standard, as well as its urgent need for additional generation, may limit the state's ability to significantly increase its reliance on renewable generation. (author)

Hilton, Seth

2006-11-15

415

The superefficient company.  

PubMed

Most companies do a great job promoting efficiency within their own walls, streamlining internal processes wherever possible. But they have less success coordinating cross-company business interactions. When data pass between companies, inconsistencies, errors, and misunderstandings routinely arise, leading to wasted work--for instance, the same sales, order entry, and customer data may be entered repeatedly into different systems. Typically, scores of employees at each company manage these cumbersome interactions. The costs of such inefficiencies are very real and very large. In this article, Michael Hammer outlines the activities and goals used in streamlining cross-company processes. He breaks down the approach into four stages: scoping--identifying the business process for redesign and selecting a partner; organizing--establishing a joint committee to oversee the redesign and convening a design team to implement it; redesigning--taking apart and reassembling the process, with performance goals in mind; and implementing--rolling out the new process and communicating it across the collaborating companies. The author describes how several companies have streamlined their supply-chain and product development processes. Plastics compounder Geon integrated its forecasting and fulfillment processes with those of its main supplier after watching inventories, working capital, and shipping times creep up. General Mills coordinated the delivery of its yogurt with Land O'Lakes; butter and yogurt travel cost effectively in the same trucks to the same stores. Hammer says this new kind of collaboration promises to change the traditional vocabulary of corporate relationships. What if you and I sell different products to the same customer? We're not competitors, but what are we? In the past, we didn't care. Now, we should, the author says. PMID:11550633

Hammer, M

2001-09-01

416

75 FR 24966 - Notice on Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sales  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Production Company, BP Exploration & Production Inc., BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. Group IV. Chevron Corporation, Chevron U.S.A. Inc., Chevron Midcontinent, L.P., Unocal Corporation, Union Oil Company of California, Pure...

2010-05-06

417

78 FR 27430 - Notice on Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sales  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Production Company BP Exploration & Production Inc. BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. Group II. Chevron Corporation Chevron U.S.A. Inc. Chevron Midcontinent, L.P. Unocal Corporation Union Oil Company of California Pure Partners,...

2013-05-10

418

77 FR 24980 - Notice on Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sales  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Production Company BP Exploration & Production Inc. BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. Group IV. Chevron Corporation Chevron U.S.A. Inc. Chevron Midcontinent, L.P. Unocal Corporation Union Oil Company of California Pure Partners,...

2012-04-26

419

76 FR 28449 - Notice on Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sales  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Production Company, BP Exploration & Production Inc., BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc., Group IV. Chevron Corporation, Chevron U.S.A. Inc., Chevron Midcontinent, L.P., Unocal Corporation, Union Oil Company of California, Pure...

2011-05-17

420

76 FR 67759 - Notice on Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sales  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...America Production Company BP Exploration & Production Inc. BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. Group IV Chevron Corporation Chevron U.S.A. Inc. Chevron Midcontinent, L.P. Unocal Corporation Union Oil Company of California Pure Partners,...

2011-11-02

421

77 FR 64826 - Notice on Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Lease Sales  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Production Company BP Exploration & Production Inc. BP Exploration (Alaska) Inc. Group IV. Chevron Corporation Chevron U.S.A. Inc. Chevron Midcontinent, L.P. Unocal Corporation Union Oil Company of California Pure Partners,...

2012-10-23

422

California's Energy Future: The View to 2050  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this two year study funded by the California Energy Commission and S.D. Bechtel, a committee of individuals from major energy research institutions in California develops strategies to meet Executive Order S-3-05. Executive Order S-3-05 requires California to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 80% of 1990 levels by 2050. To accomplish this, CO2 levels will need to drop from 13 tons CO2e per capita (2005) to 1.6 tons CO2e per capita (2050) while the population continues to grow and energy use is expected to double. To offer a solution to this challenge, multiple âenergy system portraitsâ are developed with combinations of nuclear, biomass, electricity, and fossil fuels with carbon capturing systems. Itâs concluded by applying key aggressive strategies and investing in multiple technologies, implementations, research, development, and innovation, California can meet executive order S-3-05.

Technology, California C.

423

Telephone company ownership of rural cable television companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In rural communities, cable companies owned by telephone companies supply basic service at a lower price than comparable cable companies not owned by telephone companies. The lower price (approximately $1.20 per month) appears to be due to lower costs and economies of scope rather than to any anti-competitive actions or cross subsidies. In addition, the monthly price of basic service

Stanford L. Levin; John B. Meisel

1993-01-01

424

68 FR 19981 - Transalta Chihuahua S.A. DE C.V., Meadwestvaco Corporation, Progas U.S.A. Inc., Boundary Gas, Inc...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...El Paso Production Oil & Gas Company, Usgen...Import and Export Natural Gas, Including Liquefied...03-10-NG. natural gas from and to Canada...export up Production Oil to a combined total & Gas Company, of natural gas from...

2003-04-23

425

Milk Banking in California  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. Milk Banking in California Presented by: Jan Otey, Examiner II ... Page 2. California Health & Safety Code §1635 – 1644.5 ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

426

California Workforce: California Faces a Skills Gap  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California's education system is not keeping up with the changing demands of the state's economy--soon, California will face a shortage of skilled workers. Projections to 2025 suggest that the economy will continue to need more and more highly educated workers, but that the state will not be able to meet that demand. If current trends persist,…

Public Policy Institute of California, 2011

2011-01-01

427

California State University, Sacramento  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|California State University, Sacramento, commonly referred to as "Sacramento State," is a booming metropolitan university located on 300 acres in the state capital of California. The university, the seventh largest in the California State University system, enrolls a multicultural student body of approximately 29,000 students. At Sacramento…

Varlotta, Lori E.

2009-01-01

428

18 CFR 367.4582 - Account 458.2, Indirect costs charged to non-associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS...COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts...include any compensation for use of equity capital or inter-company interest on...

2013-04-01

429

California sketches out ambitious climate roadmap  

SciTech Connect

The Global Warming Solutions Act, passed in 2006, requires a reduction of 10% from current levels of greenhouse gas (GHG) production by 2020. The details on how to achieve this reduction are left to the California Air Resources Board (CARB). The actions taken by CARB are summarized, and its recommended GHG reduction measures are tabulated.

NONE

2008-07-15

430

The Electric Company.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is intended as an introduction to the television program, "The Electric Company," designed to help teach reading to children in grades 2-4 who are experiencing difficulty. Contents include: Sidney P. Marland, Jr.'s preface, "A Significant New Teaching Tool"; Joan Ganz Cooney's "Television and the Teaching of Reading"; and Barbara…

Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.

431

The living company.  

PubMed

What can explain the longevity gap between a company that survives for centuries--the Swedish company Stora, for example, which is more than 700 years old--and the average corporation, which does not last 20 years? A team at Royal Dutch/Shell Group explored that question. Arie de Geus, a retired Shell executive, writes about the team's findings and describes what he calls living companies-organizations that have beaten the high mortality rate of the average corporation. Many companies die young, de Geus argues, because their policies and practices are based too heavily on the thinking and language of economics. Their managers focus on producing goods and services and forget that the organization is a community of human beings that is in business--any business--to stay alive. In contrast, managers of living companies consider themselves to be stewards of a long-standing enterprise. Their priorities reflect their commitment to the organization's long-term survival in an unpredictable world. Like careful gardeners, they encourage growth and renewal without endangering the plant they are tending. They value profits the same way most people value oxygen: as necessary for life but not the purpose of it. They scuttle assets when necessary to make a dramatic change in the business portfolio. And they constantly search for new ideas. These managers also focus on developing people. They create opportunities for employees to learn from one another. Such organizations are suited for survival in a world in which success depends on the ability to learn, to adapt, and to evolve. PMID:10165449

de Geus, A

432

Company profile: Sistemic Ltd.  

PubMed

Founded in 2009 and headquartered in Glasgow, Scotland, UK, Sistemic Ltd has developed from a thought in the minds of four scientists into a company working globally to play its part in delivering the exciting opportunities for improvements in human health presented by cell therapies and regenerative medicine products (jointly referred to as the CT industry). Sistemic is now working in all corners of the world with some of the industry's leading companies to ensure that the products that they are developing, which will undoubtedly change the way we treat some of the major diseases and conditions currently placing a large burden on healthcare systems, including diabetes, dementia and cardiovascular disease, are as safe and efficacious as possible. Sistemic is also working to ensure that these products can be produced at a cost that will not lead to potentially transformational treatments being an additional financial burden on our already overburdened healthcare systems. Sistemic is using its revolutionary and IP-protected SistemQC™ (UK) technology to enhance understanding of characterization, process optimization and potency of CT products. The company is using the diagnostic power of miRNAs, a set of approximately 2000 ncRNAs that regulate a large percentage of the total gene expression of a cell. miRNAs are often present in a cell- and tissue-specific way that, at least in some cases, accounts for the phenotypic differences between cell types. These differences in miRNA expression can be interpreted by the miRNA profile and it is interpreting the instructive power of these profiles that underpin Sistemic's knowledge bases, giving CT companies a more comprehensive understanding of their cell populations with respect to their identity and functional capabilities. This knowledge is being used by companies to characterize, process, optimize and assess the efficacy of cell products. PMID:23998750

Reid, Jim

2013-09-01

433

Status of Tampa Electric Company IGCC Project  

SciTech Connect

Tampa Electric Company will utilize Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle technology for its new Polk Power Station Unit [number sign]1. The project is partially funded under the Department of Energy Clean Coal Technology Program Round III. This paper describes the technology to be used, process details, demonstration of a new hot gas clean-up system, and the schedule, leading to commercial operation in July 1996.

Jenkins, S.D.

1992-01-01

434

Status of Tampa Electric Company IGCC Project  

SciTech Connect

Tampa Electric Company will utilize Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle technology for its new Polk Power Station Unit {number_sign}1. The project is partially funded under the Department of Energy Clean Coal Technology Program Round III. This paper describes the technology to be used, process details, demonstration of a new hot gas clean-up system, and the schedule, leading to commercial operation in July 1996.

Jenkins, S.D.

1992-10-01

435

California rides the tiger  

SciTech Connect

Revolutions rarely succeed without a struggle. At the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), the move to restructure the state`s electric utility industry is no exception. The stakes are enormous. For starters, annual revenues at the state`s investor-owned electric utilities (IOUs) exceed $18 billion, making up 2 percent of California`s gross state product. Competitively priced electricity is vital to California`s $800-billion-a-year economy, one would think. And with its sweeping restructing plan, the CPUC has found itself riding a tiger, hoping it won`t get swallowed whole in the process.

Garner, W.L.

1995-01-01

436

Relationships between water status, temperature, and photosynthesis in Quercus douglassii in a California Mediterranean savanna from gas-exchange and eddy-covariance data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Severe drought and high temperatures during the summer months characterize the California Mediterranean savannas. However, this is the period of foliation for Quercus douglasii (Blue Oak). Here, we aim to understand the underlying dynamics and relationships controlling instantaneous rates of photosynthesis and resulting temporal trends of carbon uptake. Specifically we investigate relationships between photosynthesis (A) and temperature, VPDL, PAR, and Ci, as well as trends in electron transport rate (ETR), leaf absorptance (?), and leaf water potential in the pre-dawn and midday (?PD and ?MD). All were measured on a regular basis throughout the period of foliation and done in situ when possible. We found a strong seasonal trend in Vcmax with a peak in the spring. Stomatal conductance, ETR, and Amax also peaked in the spring. The difference between ?MD and ?PD decreased throughout the summer. ?MD reached as low as -5MPa. Water use efficiency decreased linearly with temperature regardless of day of year (DOY). While photosynthetic response to temperature over the season was scattered, upon normalizing by VPDL, the data decreased exponentially approaching zero at 40C. Pooling eddy-covariance measurements of net ecosystem production of the trees over the entire season revealed a uniform response to temperature with a peak at 25C. While the temperature response of ETR varied throughout the season, normalizing by A revealed an exponentially increasing trend with increasing temperature regardless of DOY. Thus, we found that certain definitive relationships are maintained despite actual leaf environment at the time of measurements and also despite previous conditions (time of year). Photosynthesis normalized by VPDL, ETR normalized by photosynthetic rate, and water use efficiency all exhibit a consistent relationship with temperature regardless of the time of year. Additionally, at an ecosystem level, the peak of NEP with temperature was very clear at 25C showing that this peak temperature applies to the entire period of foliation.

Osuna, J. L.; Baldocchi, D. D.; Dawson, T. E.

2009-12-01

437

18 CFR 284.268 - Local distribution company emergency transportation rates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Local distribution company emergency transportation rates. 284.268 Section 284...RELATED AUTHORITIES CERTAIN SALES AND TRANSPORTATION OF NATURAL GAS UNDER THE NATURAL...AUTHORITIES Emergency Natural Gas Sale, Transportation, and Exchange Transactions §...

2013-04-01

438

75 FR 12740 - Wyoming Interstate Company, Inc.; Notice of Technical Conference  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...arising from Wyoming Interstate Company's (WIC's) January 28, 2010 tariff filing...the gas quality allocation procedures that WIC may implement when differing carbon dioxide...enforce their own gas quality specifications. WIC should be prepared to address all...

2010-03-17

439

Comparing the risk profiles of renewable and natural gas electricity contracts: A summary of the California Department of Water Resources contracts  

SciTech Connect

Electricity markets in the United States have witnessed unprecedented instability over the last few years, with substantial volatility in wholesale market prices, significant financial distress among major industry organizations, and unprecedented legal, regulatory and legislative activity. These events demonstrate the considerable risks that exist in the electricity industry. Recent industry instability also illustrates the need for thoughtful resource planning to balance the cost, reliability, and risk of the electricity supplied to end-use customers. In balancing different supply options, utilities, regulators, and other resource planners must consider the unique risk profiles of each generating source. This paper evaluates the relative risk profiles of renewable and natural gas generating plants. The risks that exist in the electricity industry depend in part on the technologies that are used to generate electricity. Natural gas has become the fuel of choice for new power plant additions in the United States. To some, this emphasis on a single fuel source signals the potential for increased risk. Renewable generation sources, on the other hand, are frequently cited as a potent source of socially beneficial risk reduction relative to natural gas-fired generation. Renewable generation is not risk free, however, and also imposes certain costs on the electricity sector. This paper specifically compares the allocation and mitigation of risks in long-term natural gas-fired electricity contracts with the allocation and mitigation of these same risks in long-term renewable energy contracts. This comparison highlights some of the key differences between renewable and natural gas generation that decision makers should consider when making electricity investment and contracting decisions. Our assessment is relevant in both regulated and restructured markets. In still-regulated markets, the audience for this report clearly includes regulators and the utilities they regulate. In restructured markets, the role of regulatory oversight of resource planning is more limited. Nonetheless, even in restructured markets, it is increasingly recognized that regulators have a critical role to play in directing the resource planning of providers of last resort--electric suppliers that provide service to those customers who choose not to switch to a competitive supplier. Our review of electricity contracts may also have educational value for those unfamiliar with the typical contents of these agreements. Details of our findings are provided in the body of the paper, but this summary is written to provide a concise alternative to reading the full report.

Bachrach, Devra; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Golove, William

2003-03-12

440

A Distributed Systems Engineering Curriculum for Working Engineers in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a workforce initiative grant, we are developing a catalog and curricular structure to enable working engineers in California to obtain Systems Engineering education from a variety of providers in a self-paced manner. The target audience for this effort is companies and indi- viduals who require better Systems Engineering capabilities, but lack the resources and infra- structure for

Kurt Colvin; Robert Crockett

441

Fluid-inclusion gas composition from an active magmatic-hydrothermal system: a case study of The Geysers, California geothermal field  

SciTech Connect

Hydrothermal alteration and the active vapor-dominated geothermal system at The Geysers, CA are related to a composite hypabyssal granitic pluton emplaced beneath the field 1.1 to 1.2 million years ago. Deep drill holes provide a complete transect across the thermal system and samples of the modem-day steam. The hydrothermal system was liquid-dominated prior to formation of the modem vapor-dominated regime at 0.25 to 0.28 Ma. Maximum temperatures and salinities ranged from 440 C and 44 wt. percent NaCl equivalent in the biotite hornfels adjacent to the pluton to 305 C and 5 wt. percent NaCl equivalent at distances of 1730 m from the intrusive contact. The major, minor, and noble gas compositions of fluid inclusions in the hydrothermally altered rocks were integrated with microthermometric and mineralogic data to determine their sources and the effects of mixing and boiling. Major and minor gaseous species were released from the inclusions by crushing or thermal decrepitation; noble gases were released by crushing. The samples were analyzed by mass spectrometry. The analyses document the presence of magmatic, crustal, and meteoric components in the trapped fluids. Hydrothermal fluids present during the liquid-dominated phase of the system contained gaseous species derived mainly from crustal and magmatic sources. At The Geysers, N-2/Ar ratios greater than 525 and He-3/He-4 ratios of 6-10.7 Ra are diagnostic of a magmatic component. Crustal gas has CO2/CH4 ratios less than 4, N-2/Ar ratios between 45 and 525, and low 3He/4He ratios (0.5 Ra). Meteoric fluids have CO2/CH4 ratios greater than 4 and N2/Ar ratios between 38 (air-saturated water) and 84 (air). However, N-2/Ar ratios between 15 and 110 can result from boiling. Ratios less than 15 reflect the incorporation of N-2 into NH3-bearing clay minerals. In the central Geysers, the incursion of meteoric fluids occurred during the transition from the liquid- to vapor-dominated regime. Variations in the relative CH4, CO2, and H-2 contents of the gas analyses demonstrate that boiling took place under open-system conditions. The gas data indicate that the inclusions have remained closed to the diffusion of He and H-2 since their formation.

Moore, Joseph N.; Norman, David I.; Kennedy, B. Mack.

2001-03-01

442

18 CFR 367.4573 - Account 457.3, Compensation for use of capital-associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...457.3, Compensation for use of capital-associate companies. 367.4573...ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS...457.3, Compensation for use of capital-associate companies. This...

2013-04-01

443

18 CFR 367.4583 - Account 458.3, Compensation for use of capital-Non-associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...458.3, Compensation for use of capital-Non-associate companies. 367...ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS...458.3, Compensation for use of capitalâNon-associate companies....

2013-04-01

444

Gas to Liquids Industry and Natural Gas Markets.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Technological improvements and investment commitments from the world's largest oil companies suggest the gas to liquids (GTL) industry is likely to expand rapidly over the next decade. GTL uses large quantities of natural gas to produce liquid petroleum p...

R. Pirog

2007-01-01

445

Winters-Domengine Total Petroleum System—Northern Nonassociated Gas Assessment Unit of the San Joaquin Basin Province: Chapter 21 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Northern Nonassociated Gas Assessment Unit (AU) of the Winters-Domengine Total Petroleum System of the San Joaquin Basin Province consists of all nonassociated gas accumulations in Cretaceous, Eocene, and Miocene sandstones located north of township 15 South in the San Joaquin Valley. The northern San Joaquin Valley forms a northwest-southeast trending asymmetrical trough. It is filled with an alternating sequence of Cretaceous-aged sands and shales deposited on Franciscan Complex, ophiolitic, and Sierran basement. Eocene-aged strata unconformably overlie the thick Cretaceous section, and in turn are overlain unconformably by nonmarine Pliocene-Miocene sediments. Nonassociated gas accumulations have been discovered in the sands of the Panoche, Moreno, Kreyenhagen, andDomengine Formations and in the nonmarine Zilch formation of Loken (1959) (hereafter referred to as Zilch formation). Most hydrocarbon accumulations occur in low-relief, northwest-southeast trending anticlines formed chiefly by differential compaction of sediment and by northeast southwest directed compression during the Paleogene (Bartow, 1991) and in stratigraphic traps formed by pinch out of submarine fan sands against slope shales. To date, 176 billion cubic feet (BCF) of nonassociated recoverable gas has been found in fields within the assessment unit (table 21.1). A small amount of biogenic gas forms near the surface of the AU. Map boundaries of the assessment unit are shown in figures 21.1 and 21.2; in plan view, this assessment unit is identical to the Northern Area Nonassociated Gas play 1007 considered by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in its 1995 National Assessment (Beyer, 1996). The AU is bounded on the east by the mapped limits of Cretaceous sandstone reservoir rocks and on the west by the east flank of the Diablo Range. The southern limit of the AU is the southernmost occurrence of nonassociated thermogenic-gas accumulations. The northern limit of the AU corresponds to the Stanislaus-San Joaquin county line, which also defines the northern boundary of the San Joaquin Basin Province. In the vertical dimension, the AU extends from the uppermost crystalline basement to the topographic surface (fig. 21.3), to allow for the possibility of down-section charge across fault surfaces and up-dip migration. The gas in this AU may be sourced from the Winters- Domengine(?) petroleum system, located in the Sacramento Valley north of the San Joaquin Valley, as defined by Magoon and others (1994a,b) (question mark notation derives from convention of Magoon and Dow, 1994, and indicates speculative genetic relationship between hydrocarbons and source rock). The Winters-Domengine Total Petroleum System defined for this assessment contains about 7.2 trillion cubic feet (TCF) of known, recoverable gas and includes the Rio Vista gas field, which alone accounts for 4 TCF of recoverable gas through 2002 (CDOGGR, 2003). Alternatively, the northern nonassociated gas may be sourced from the Moreno Formation within the San Joaquin Valley itself.

Hosford Scheirer, Allegra; Magoon, Leslie B.

2008-01-01

446

California freight energy demand model  

SciTech Connect

The California Freight Energy Demand Model has been developed to assist the California Energy Commission in forecasting rail-freight and truck fuel consumption in California and in exploring the effects of alternative scenarios on future fuel consumption. The model projects the volume of freight transported by truck and rail, truck stock and vehicle miles traveled, and truck and rail consumption of four types of fuel (gasoline, diesel fuel, liquified petroleum gas (LPG), and methanol). The projections are developed for 17 activities/commodities and 5 regions (San Francisco, Los Angeles, San Diego, Sacramento, and the rest of the state). The truck projections are also developed for 40 categories of size and body type. Internally, the model also distinguishes intrastate freight movements and four categories of interstate movements, and trucks are distinguished by age and whether they are generally used for local or nonlocal operation. The model develops projections from 1977 through 2004 based, in part, on exogenous projections of economic growth, by sector; fuel costs, by fuel type; other influences on transport costs, by model; and trends in rail and freight fuel efficiency.

Not Available

1983-09-01

447

18 CFR 367.2230 - Account 223, Advances from associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Account 223, Advances from associate companies...AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE COMPANIES SUBJECT...NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Long-Term Debt § 367.2230...

2013-04-01

448

18 CFR 367.1230 - Account 123, Investment in associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Account 123, Investment in associate companies...AND NATURAL GAS ACT UNIFORM SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR CENTRALIZED SERVICE COMPANIES SUBJECT...NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Other Property and Investments...

2013-04-01

449

64 FR 66194 - Pinedale Anticline Natural Gas Exploration and Development Project, Sublette County, Wyoming  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Pinedale Anticline Natural Gas Exploration and Development...and development of, natural gas resources in the Pinedale...Gathering Company, McMurry Oil Company, Questar Exploration...Wyoming, and the Jonah Natural Gas Field located 30...

1999-11-24

450

Software engineering companies' multicultural education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Software Engineering (SE) industry is experiencing the effects of strong globalization. The world is changing rapidly in many areas including financial, technological, economic, and political, but the structures of SE companies are also changing. This means that companies are becoming closer to each other, and geographical distance and national borders are losing their meaning. Because of this globalization, companies

Petri Linna; Elina Karttunen; Hannu Jaakkola

2011-01-01

451

Competitive intelligence in Tunisian companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to investigate the degree of knowledge of competitive intelligence in Tunisian companies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This exploratory study was conducted using semi-in-depth interviews and focus group with six executives in six companies in Tunisia. Three sectors were chosen for this study: communication technologies, manufacturing and commercial retailing. These companies are prevalent in Tunisia

Wadie Nasri

2011-01-01

452

Financing of California Redevelopment Projects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The redevelopment process in California; Financing methods available in California; Community redevelopment administrative fund; Redevelopment revolving fund; Agency bonds; Tax increment financing techniques employed in California; Method of est...

E. B. Jacobs

1973-01-01

453

California Agricultural Direct Marketing Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The California Agricultural Direct Marketing Survey (CADMS) represents a first step by the California Institute for Rural Studies to build a more solid foundation for understanding the relative importance of direct marketing (DM) for California's farmers,...

C. L. Shelley K. M. Kambara

2002-01-01

454

Determination of pesticides associated with suspended sediments in the San Joaquin River, California, USA, using gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An analytical method useful for the quantification of a range of pesticides and pesticide degradation products associated with suspended sediments was developed by testing a variety of extraction and cleanup schemes. The final extraction and cleanup methods chosen for use are suitable for the quantification of the listed pesticides using gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry and the removal of interfering coextractable organic material found in suspended sediments. Methylene chloride extraction followed by Florisil cleanup proved most effective for separation of coextractives from the pesticide analytes. Removal of elemental sulfur was accomplished with tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfite. The suitability of the method for the analysis of a variety of pesticides was evaluated, and the method detection limits (MDLs) were determined (0.1-6.0 ng/g dry weight of sediment) for 21 compounds. Recovery of pesticides dried onto natural sediments averaged 63%. Analysis of duplicate San Joaquin River suspended-sediment samples demonstrated the utility of the method for environmental samples with variability between replicate analyses lower than between environmental samples. Eight of 21 pesticides measured were observed at concentrations ranging from the MDL to more than 80 ng/g dry weight of sediment and exhibited significant temporal variability. Sediment-associated pesticides, therefore, may contribute to the transport of pesticides through aquatic systems and should be studied separately from dissolved pesticides.

Bergamaschi, B. A.; Baston, D. S.; Crepeau, K. L.; Kuivila, K. M.

1999-01-01

455

California energy flow in 1993  

SciTech Connect

Energy consumption in the state of California decreased about 3% in 1993 reflecting continuation of the recession that was manifest in a moribund construction industry and a high state unemployment that ran counter to national recovery trends. Residential/commercial use decreased slightly reflecting a mild winter in the populous southern portion of the state, a decrease that was offset to some extent by an increase in the state population. Industrial consumption of purchased energy declined substantially as did production of self-generated electricity for in-house use. Consumption in the transportation sector decreased slightly. The amount of power transmitted by the utilities was at 1992 levels; however a smaller proportion was produced by the utilities themselves. Generation of electricity by nonutilities, primarily cogenerators and small power producers, was the largest of any state in the US. The growth in the number of private power producers combined with increased amounts of electricity sold to the public utilities set the stage for the sweeping proposals before the California Public Utility Commission to permit direct sales from the nonutilities to retail customers. California production of both oil and natural gas declined; however, to meet demand only the imports of natural gas increased. A break in the decade-long drought during the 1992--1993 season resulted in a substantial increase in the amount of hydroelectricity generated during the year. Geothermal energy`s contribution increased substantially because of the development of new resources by small power producers. Decline in steam production continued at The Geysers, the state`s largest field, principally owned and managed by a public utility. Increases in windpower constituted 1--1/2% of the total electric supply--up slightly from 1992. Several solar photo voltaic demonstration plants were in operation, but their contribution remained small.

Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

1995-04-01

456

California energy flow in 1993  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy consumption in the state of California decreased about 3% in 1993 reflecting continuation of the recession that was manifest in a moribund construction industry and a high state unemployment that ran counter to national recovery trends. Residential/commercial use decreased slightly reflecting a mild winter in the populous southern portion of the state, a decrease that was offset to some extent by an increase in the state population. Industrial consumption of purchased energy declined substantially as did production of self-generated electricity for in-house use. Consumption in the transportation sector decreased slightly. The amount of power transmitted by the utilities was at 1992 levels; however a smaller proportion was produced by the utilities themselves. Generation of electricity by nonutilities, primarily cogenerators and small power producers, was the largest of any state in the US. The growth in the number of private power producers combined with increased amounts of electricity sold to the public utilities set the stage for the sweeping proposals before the California Public Utility Commission to permit direct sales from the nonutilities to retail customers. California production of both oil and natural gas declined; however, to meet demand only the imports of natural gas increased. A break in the decade-long drought during the 1992-1993 season resulted in a substantial increase in the amount of hydroelectricity generated during the year. Geothermal energy's contribution increased substantially because of the development of new resources by small power producers. Decline in steam production continued at The Geysers, the state's largest field, principally owned and managed by a public utility. Increases in windpower constituted 1-1/2% of the total electric supply, up slightly from 1992. Several solar photovoltaic demonstration plants were in operation, but their contribution remained small.

Borg, I. Y.; Briggs, C. K.

1995-04-01

457

California's English Learner Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|English Learner (EL) students in California's schools are numerous and diverse, and they lag behind their native-English-speaking peers. Closing the achievement gap for EL students has been a long-standing goal for California educators, and there are some signs of success. Now that EL funding and curriculum issues are receiving a fresh level of…

Hill, Laura E.

2012-01-01

458

How California Ranks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public education supports California's economic growth and creates opportunities for the state's youth. Given that, it is important for Californians to understand how much the state is investing in its schools and how that money is being spent. Comparing California with the nation and other similar states can provide a useful perspective in…

EdSource, 2010

2010-01-01

459

California's English Learner Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English Learner (EL) students in California's schools are numerous and diverse, and they lag behind their native-English-speaking peers. Closing the achievement gap for EL students has been a long-standing goal for California educators, and there are some signs of success. Now that EL funding and curriculum issues are receiving a fresh level of…

Hill, Laura E.

2012-01-01

460

Reemerging Leptospirosis, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leptospirosis is a reemerging infectious disease in California. Leptospirosis is the most widespread zoonosis throughout the world, though it is infrequently diagnosed in the continental United States. From 1982 to 2001, most reported California cases occurred in previously healthy young adult white men after recreational exposures to con- taminated freshwater. We report five recent cases of human leptospirosis acquired in

Elissa Meites; Michele T. Jay; Wun-Ju Shieh; Sherif R. Zaki; Lucy Tompkins; D. Scott Smith

2004-01-01

461

Sonoma State Hospital, Eldridge, California, geothermal-heating system: conceptual design and economic feasibility report  

SciTech Connect

The Sonoma State Mental Hospital, located in Eldridge, California, is presently equipped with a central gas-fired steam system that meets the space heating, domestic hot water, and other heating needs of the hospital. This system is a major consumer of natural gas - estimated at 259,994,000 cubic feet per year under average conditions. At the 1981 unit gas rate of $0.4608 per therm, an average of $1,258,000 per year is required to operate the steam heating system. The hospital is located in an area with considerable geothermal resources as evidenced by a number of nearby hot springs resorts. A private developer is currently investigating the feasibility of utilizing geothermally heated steam to generate electricity for sale to the Pacific Gas and Electric Company. The developer has proposed to sell the byproduct condensed steam to the hospital, which would use the heat energy remaining in the condensate for its own heating needs and thereby reduce the fossil fuel energy demand of the existing steam heating system. The geothermal heating system developed is capable of displacing an estimated 70 percent of the existing natural gas consumption of the steam heating system. Construction of the geothermal fluid distribution and collection system and the retrofits required within the buildings are estimated to cost $1,777,000. Annual expenses (operation and maintenance, insurance, and geothermal fluid purchase) have been estimated to be $40,380 per year in 1981 dollars. The proposed geothermal heating system could then be completely paid for in 32 months by the savings in natural gas purchases that would result.

Not Available

1982-02-01

462

Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Project  

SciTech Connect

Tampa Electric Company (TEC) is in the construction phase for the new Polk Power Station, Unit {number_sign}1. This will be the first unit at a new site and will use Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technology for power generation. The unit will utilize oxygen-blown entrained-flow coal gasification, along with combined cycle technology, to provide nominal net 26OMW of generation. As part of the environmental features of this process, the sulfur species in the coal will be recovered as a commercial grade sulfuric acid by-product. The sulfur will be removed from the synthesis gas utilizing a cold gas clean-up system (CGCU).

Jenkins, S.D.; Shafer, J.R.

1994-12-31

463

Company profile: Aviir, Inc.  

PubMed

Aviir, Inc. is a venture-funded biotechnology company developing and commercializing laboratory tests to provide personalized information to physicians and patients, with the goal of preventing cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndromes. Leveraging advanced research, Aviir developed and launched MIRISK VP™, a risk assessment test to better identify individuals at risk of a heart attack. Aviir also offers an extensive menu of other cardiovascular and metabolic tests through its Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-certified laboratory. Efforts are likewise focused on expanding genomics testing capability to address sudden cardiac death attributed to inherited cardiovascular diseases. This completes their integrated precision diagnostics approach that combines biomarker immunoassays with genomic and transcription analysis, along with core clinical chemistry to deliver a comprehensive personal health solution. PMID:23394387

Beggs, Michael; Biggs, William H; French, Cynthia

2013-02-01

464

Energy efficiency, innovation, and job creation in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global climate change poses significant risks to the California economy. Recognizing and responding to these threats, Governor Schwarzenegger signed Executive Order #S-3-05 (Schwarzenegger 2005) which called for a 30 percent reduction below business-as-usual of greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 and 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050. In September 2006, the California legislature passed and Governor Schwarzenegger signed into law

David Roland-Holst

2008-01-01

465

61 FR 11218 - Cave Gulch-Bullfrog-Waltman Natural Gas Development Project, WY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Gulch-Bullfrog-Waltman Natural Gas Development Project...Gulch-Bullfrog-Waltman Natural Gas Development Project...Corporation, Prima Oil & Gas Company, Goldmark...Inc.,) operate oil and gas leases in...Cave Gulch Area Natural Gas Development...

1996-03-19

466

46 CFR 15.1010 - California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...08â²30â³W, thence westerly along the shoreline to latitude 34°28â²06â³N, longitude 120°16â²00â³W. (g) Moss Landing, CA. The waters including the Pacific Gas and Electric Company Power Plant, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at...

2012-10-01

467

46 CFR 15.1010 - California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...08â²30â³W, thence westerly along the shoreline to latitude 34°28â²06â³N, longitude 120°16â²00â³W. (g) Moss Landing, CA. The waters including the Pacific Gas and Electric Company Power Plant, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at...

2011-10-01

468

18 CFR 260.300 - FERC Form No. 3-Q, Quarterly financial report of electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. 260.300 Section...DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY APPROVED FORMS, NATURAL GAS ACT STATEMENTS AND REPORTS...electric utilities, licensees, and natural gas companies. (a)...

2013-04-01

469

The Company Town that Outlived the Company: Haydenville, Ohio  

Microsoft Academic Search

The company town is often an ephemeral phenomenon on the landscape. When the mine or factory closes, the town closes too, and its houses are removed or left to decay. A few company towns survive the removal of their economic base. Haydenville, in the Hocking Valley of southeast Ohio, has physically changed little since the boom days of the clay

David H. Mould

1985-01-01

470

The California Electricity Crisis: Editors’ Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This short piece introduces the papers in the special issue on the California Energy Crisis of 2000\\/2001. The papers illustrate aspects of the crisis, such as the role of the gas market, future trends for investment, and the crisis’ impact on consumers. Three papers analyze policy-makers’ responses to the crisis, with case studies of over-lapping regulation, the trade-off between prices,

Carl Blumstein; Richard Green

2002-01-01

471

California History Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Historical Society's Website presents accessible, interesting, and well-designed scholarly and educational materials relating to California history. One interesting section, The California History Online Timeline, allows users to click on a timeline of images to access material on key events and time periods in California history. These include European exploration, the Spanish Colonial frontier, Mexican California, the Gold Rush, the impact of the railroad, economic growth at the turn of the century, and the Great Depression. Each section features a sidebar outline where visitors can break the exhibit down into its sub-sections to view text and images. For scholars and amateur historians of the state, the Society also offers the complete tables of contents for all the issues of California History from 1922 to 1998. The Society has begun to post full texts of the issues from 1950 to 1993, though this process seems to be in the earliest stages. Finally, the Website features a quarterly newsletter giving information about archived and upcoming exhibits, events around the state celebrating California history, and news about the Society's programs and acquisitions.

2001-01-01

472

California's Coastal Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site offers access to pages on the Geography of California Coastal Systems and on California Coastal Ecology. Much of the material is drawn from the California Coastal Commission's California Coastal Resource Guide. The California coast is a region of unsurpassed beauty and natural splendor, blessed with an abundance of rich and varied resources. The coast supports a diversity of plant communities and tens of thousands of species of insects and other invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, fish, birds, and mammals, including numerous rare and endangered species. From the lush redwood forests of the north to the wide, sandy beaches of the south, California's expansive coastline contains many distinct habitats. These habitats are the result of many different natural forces. The habitats/environments are: Coastal Mountains, Streams and Rivers, Marine Terraces, Bluffs and Headlands, Coastal Sand Dunes, Beaches, Wetlands, Rocky Intertidal Zones, Islands and Offshore Rocks, and Nearshore Waters and Open Ocean. Users of this site may also access the California Ocean and Coastal Environmental Access Network (Cal OCEAN), a web-based virtual library for the discovery of and access to ocean and coastal data and information from a wide variety of sources and in a range of types and formats. The goal of Cal OCEAN is to provide the information and tools to support ocean and coastal resource management, planning, research, and education via the Internet.

Commission, California C.

473

Property description and fact-finding report for NPR-2, Buena Vista Hills Field, Kern County, California  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy has asked Gustavson Associates, Inc. to serve as an Independent Petroleum Consultant under contract DE-AC01-96FE64202. This authorizes a study and recommendations regarding future development of Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 2 (NPR-2) in Kern County, California. The report that follows is the Phase 1 fact-finding and property description for that study. The United States of America owns 100 percent of the mineral rights and 96.1 percent of surface rights in 10,447 acres of the 30,182 acres contained within NPR-2. This property comprises the Buena Vista Hills Oil Field. Oil and gas companies have leased out 9,227 acres in 17 separate leases. Discovered in 1909, this field has approximately 435 active wells producing 2,819 gross barrels of oil and 8.6 million cubic feet of gas per day. Net production to the Government royalty interests include 200 barrels of oil per day and 750 thousand cubic feet of gas per day. Royalty revenues are about $1.7 million per year. Remaining recoverable reserves are approximately 407 thousand barrels of oil and 1.8 billion cubic feet of gas. Significant plugging and abandonment (P&A) and environmental liabilities are present, but these should be the responsibility of the lessees. Ultimate liability still rests with the United States and may increase as the leases are sold to smaller and smaller operators.

NONE

1996-06-01

474

HMGB1 loves company.  

PubMed

HMGB1, outside of a cell, is a trigger of inflammation and a stimulus for tissue reconstruction; the balance may depend on the complexes it forms with other molecules. HMGB1 is the prime example of a danger signal that originates from the damaged self rather than from invading pathogens. HMGB1 is released by cells that die traumatically and is secreted by cells destined to die and by activated cells of the innate immunity system. As a danger signal, HMGB1 is expected to trigger inflammation, but recent reports indicate that pure recombinant HMGB1 has no proinflammatory activity and only acts as a chemoattractant and a mitogen. However, HMGB1 forms highly inflammatory complexes with ssDNA, LPS, IL-1beta, and nucleosomes, which interact with TLR9, TLR4, IL-1R, and TLR2 receptors, respectively. Thus, HMGB1 has dual activities, solo or in company; I speculate that this may serve our body's necessity to sacrifice or reconstruct tissues as required by the presence or absence of pathogens. PMID:19414536

Bianchi, Marco E

2009-05-04

475

Current California legislative and regulatory activity impacting geothermal hydrothermal commercialization: a monitoring report. Report No. 1017  

SciTech Connect

Four key geothermal-impacting bills presently before the California legislature are described. Two deal with state financial backing for geothermal projects. The third relates to the use of the state's share of the BLM geothermal revenues and the fourth to the protection of sensitive hot springs. The current regulatory activities of the California Energy Commission, the California Division of Oil and Gas, and the counties are discussed. (MHR)

Not Available

1980-01-20

476

Ergonomics contributions to company strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Managers usually associate ergonomics with occupational health and safety and related legislation, not with business performance. In many companies, these decision makers seem not to be positively motivated to apply ergonomics for reasons of improving health and safety. In order to strengthen the position of ergonomics and ergonomists in the business and management world, we discuss company strategies and business

Jan Dul; W. Patrick Neumann

2009-01-01

477

Assessing Your Company's Training Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book was designed to serve as a guide for the small and medium-sized firm establishing a systematic training pattern for the first time, and to the larger company for whom it will act as a useful check list. The guide examines the kind of information required and the ways in which actual companies have arrived at their training requirements…

Food, Drink and Tobacco Industry Training Board, Croydon (England).

478

Company profile: Complete Genomics Inc.  

PubMed

Complete Genomics Inc. is a life sciences company that focuses on complete human genome sequencing. It is taking a completely different approach to DNA sequencing than other companies in the industry. Rather than building a general-purpose platform for sequencing all organisms and all applications, it has focused on a single application - complete human genome sequencing. The company's Complete Genomics Analysis Platform (CGA™ Platform) comprises an integrated package of biochemistry, instrumentation and software that sequences human genomes at the highest quality, lowest cost and largest scale available. Complete Genomics offers a turnkey service that enables customers to outsource their human genome sequencing to the company's genome sequencing center in Mountain View, CA, USA. Customers send in their DNA samples, the company does all the library preparation, DNA sequencing, assembly and variant analysis, and customers receive research-ready data that they can use for biological discovery. PMID:21345140

Reid, Clifford

2011-02-01

479

Determinate Sentencing in California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A report on California's Uniform Determinate Sentencing Act is reported to apprise state officials of its intent and results to date. Determinate sentencing was adopted because of the state's skyrocketing crime rate coupled with the abuse of indeterminate...

D. Howard

1978-01-01

480

California Native Plant Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website presents the California Native Plant Society, a national leader in biological diversity conservation science and advocacy. Established in 1965, the CNPS "is a statewide non-profit organization of amateurs and professionals with a common interest in California's native plants." The site provides a variety of information and resources useful to botanists and native plant enthusiasts alike. One notable feature is the site's Photo Gallery which contains many beautiful annotated photos from different parts of California. The site links to the Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants presenting "the most recent Inventory data from CNPS, plus thumbnail illustrations, maps, a variety of search tools, and links to additional information." The site also links to information about the Native Plant Conservation Campaign, the Manual of California Vegetation (reported on in the Scout Report for Science & Engineering on December 9, 1998), and to online discussion opportunities.

481

Privatising national oil companies: Assessing the impact on firm performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study empirically investigates the impact of privatisation on firm performance in the global oil and gas industry, where questions of resource control have regained widespread attention. Using a dataset of 60 public share offerings by 28 National Oil Companies it is shown that privatisation is associated with comprehensive and sustained improvements in performance and efficiency. Over the seven-year period

Christian Wolf; MICHAEL G. POLLITT

2008-01-01

482

California court to rule on insurer's denial of AIDS benefits.  

PubMed

California Insurance Commissioner Chuck Quakenbush is asking the California Supreme Court to overturn a lower court ruling that bars policyholders from receiving disability payments because of AIDS. The State Court of Appeals ruled that Paul Revere Life Insurance Co. could deny coverage to Mark Galanty because his HIV infection amounted to a pre-existing condition. Galanty applied for the policy in 1988. He paid premiums for 5 years, longer than the 2 years the company had to confirm his medical condition. When he became unable to work because of AIDS, he applied for disability. The Commissioner says the intent behind the incontestability clause is to protect consumers from having claims denied after 2 years because of pre-existing conditions. One of Galanty's lawyers noted that the company's practice of offering insurance without any medical qualifications is not in line with industry standards. No date has been scheduled for oral arguments in the case. PMID:11366515

1999-04-16

483

California Wetlands Information System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Comprehensive wetlands information to the general public, the educational community, and government agencies. Though much of the information is California-specific, there is an abundance of location-independent information available. Topics covered include restoration and mitigation, wetlands policy, vernal pools, and the role the state agencies play in wetlands conservation. Site features many links to external resources. The "What's new" section features all the latest California wetlands news and research.

484

Why Hydrogen and Fuel Cells are Needed to Support California Climate Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

California has taken a leadership role on climate policy by adopting AB 32, the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, which caps state greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at 1990 levels by 2020, and by setting a follow-on goal of reducing GHG emissions 80% by 2050. Given that the transportation sector accounts for 40% of the state’s GHG emissions, it

Joshua M Cunningham; Sig Gronich; Michael A Nicholas

2008-01-01

485

Ultra low temperature gas processing plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Installation of a nitrogen rejection unit is planned at the Block 31 Gas Plant operated by Arco Oil and Gas Company. The current gas processing plant consists of 3 absorption trains and a common fractionation system, in which increasingly nitrogen rich fuel gas is produced. After installation of the nitrogen rejection unit, high Btu gas would be processed to maximize

B. C. Price; K. Chou; D. E. Brinker

1980-01-01

486

Summary of the California blue ribbon panel report on anesthesia.  

PubMed

At the request of the Dental Board of California, a panel reviewed mortality data from the Dental Board, lawsuits from a major California malpractice insurance company, anesthesia regulations from other states, and the published scientific literature. In California between 1991 and 2000, there were 12 deaths related to general anesthesia permits, 0 deaths related to conscious sedation permits, and 8 deaths related to nonpermit holders (four deaths with oral sedation in children and four deaths with local anesthesia alone). The panel was concerned about the increased use of repeated oral or sublingual doses of sedatives and recommended a certificate process. The panel recommended a standing committee to access significant anesthesia/sedation-related misadventures and to determine how such mishaps could be prevented. The data reviewed and recommendations made are summarized in this report. PMID:16252410

Merin, Robert L

2005-01-01

487

Structural change in Europe's gas markets: three scenarios for the development of the European gas market to 2020  

Microsoft Academic Search

Against the background of the European Union's gas Directive, and the emergence of new players and markets in Europe's gas sector, this paper explores how company actions could shape the future for the gas industry. Starting with an examination of company strategies this paper develops three scenarios for the future: a “Gradual Transformation” scenario where a single European gas market

Andrew Ellis; Einar Bowitz; Kjell Roland

2000-01-01

488

Accord near for offshore California oil shipments  

SciTech Connect

There are faint glimmers of hope again for offshore California operators. After more than a decade of often bitter strife over offshore oil and gas development and transportation issues, state officials and oil producers may be moving toward compromise solutions. One such solution may be forthcoming on offshore development. But the real change came with the turnabout of the California Coastal Commission (CCC), which last month approved a permit for interim tankering of crude from Point Arguello oil field in the Santa Barbara Channel to Los Angeles. The dispute over how to ship offshore California crude to market has dragged on since before Point Arguelo development plans were unveiled. The project's status has become a flashpoint in the U.S. debate over resource use and environmental concerns. The controversy flared anew in the wake of the 1989 Exxon Valdez tanker spill off Alaska, when CCC voided a Santa Barbara County permit for interim tankering, a move project operator Chevron Corp. linked to the Exxon Valdez accident. Faced with litigation, the state's economic devastation, and acrimonious debate over transporting California crude, Gov. Pete Wilson and other agencies approved the CCC permit. But there's a catch: A permanent pipeline must be built to handle full production within 3 years. The paper discusses permit concerns, the turnaround decision, the anger of environmental groups, and pipeline proposals.

Not Available

1993-02-15

489

California Least Tern Recovery Plan (Revised).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Once the beaches of southern California teemed with California least terns (Sterna antillarum (=albifrons) browni). Today, least tern numbers are so depleted that both the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and California Fish and Game Commission (California ...

1985-01-01

490

12 CFR 583.15 - Parent company.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 6 2013-01-01 2012-01-01 true Parent company. 583.15 Section 583.15 Banks...SAVINGS AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES § 583.15 Parent company. The term parent company means any company which directly or...

2013-01-01

491

H. R. 1440: a bill to impose a moratorium on offshore oil and gas leasing, certain licensing and permitting, and approval of certain plans, with respect to geographical areas located in the Pacific Ocean off the coastline of the State of California, and in the Atlantic Ocean off the State of Massachusetts. Introduced in the House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session, March 6, 1985  

SciTech Connect

An amendment to the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act H.R. 1440, discontinues exploratory and leasing activities on specified tracts off the coasts of California and Massachusetts. The moratorium prohibits any drilling for oil or gas or any activity which affects the geographical area specified by tract number in the bill. It does not affect the Secretary of the Interior's capacity to approve scientific research activities in the area.

Not Available

1985-01-01

492

Field Demonstration of a Membrane Process to Separate Nitrogen from Natural Gas  

SciTech Connect

The original proposal described the construction and operation of a 1 MMscfd treatment system to be operated at a Butcher Energy gas field in Ohio. The gas produced at this field contained 17% nitrogen. During pre-commissioning of the project, a series of well tests showed that the amount of gas in the field was significantly smaller than expected and that the nitrogen content of the wells was very high (25 to 30%). After evaluating the revised cost of the proje