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1

76 FR 21735 - Solutions for Utilities, Inc.v. Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Southern California Edison...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electric Company (PG&E), Southern California Edison Company (SCE), San Diego Gas & Electric Company (SDG&E), and the California...Regulations implementing PURPA, in addition to finding PG&E, SCE, & SD&E mislead renewable energy developers regarding...

2011-04-18

2

Study of the 1991 unaccounted-for gas volume at the Southern California Gas Company. Final report, January 1991-December 1992. Volume 2. Accounting  

SciTech Connect

As part of a study of unaccounted-for gas (UAF), performed by the Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas), volume II of the six-volume set presents the results of the accounting portion, including sections on accounting adjustments and company-use gas. It identifies enhancements to accounting practices that make records more accurately reflect the physical activity occurring in the system. The result is an accounting record of gas volumes received and delivered which have been adjusted for the enhancements, and exclude accounting estimates and prior period adjustments.

Meshkati, S.; Groot, J.; Law, E.; Rudshagen, C.; Yevchak, S.

1993-04-01

3

Utilization requirements. A southern California Gas Company project SAGE report: Utilization requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Utilization requirements are given and comparisons made of two phase III SAGE (solar assisted gas energy) installations in California: (1) a retrofit installation in an existing apartment building in El Toro, and (2) an installation in a new apartment building in Upland. Such testing in the field revealed the requirements to be met if SAGE-type installations are to become commercially practical on a widespread basis in electric and gas energy usage.

Barbieri, R. H.; Schoen, R.; Hirshberg, A. S.

1978-01-01

4

75 FR 13524 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Transmission Company, LLC, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC, Enterprise Field...Transmission Company, LLC, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC, and Enterprise Field...with the Commission and open to public inspection. The filing is available for review...

2010-03-22

5

San Diego Gas & Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services  

E-print Network

Fact Sheet San Diego Gas & Electric Company v. Sellers of Energy and Ancillary Services Docket No Company, San Diego Gas & Electric Company, the People of the State of California, ex rel. Edmund G. Brown

Laughlin, Robert B.

6

76 FR 35208 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Nevada Irrigation District; Notice of Environmental Site Review  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California] Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Nevada Irrigation District; Notice of Environmental Site Review On July 6-8...the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) and Nevada Irrigation District (NID) (applicants) will conduct an...

2011-06-16

7

78 FR 64553 - License Amendment Request for Homestake Mining Company of California, Grants Reclamation Project...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...License Amendment Request for Homestake Mining Company of California, Grants Reclamation...2013, a request to amend Homestake Mining Company of California's (HMC's or...2013, a request to amend Homestake Mining Company of California's (HMC's...

2013-10-29

8

Natural gas annual 1993 supplement: Company profiles  

SciTech Connect

The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. This report, the Natural Gas Annual 1993 Supplement: Company Profiles, presents a detailed profile of 45 selected companies in the natural gas industry. The purpose of this report is to show the movement of natural gas through the various States served by the companies profiled. The companies in this report are interstate pipeline companies or local distribution companies (LDC`s). Interstate pipeline companies acquire gas supplies from company owned production, purchases from producers, and receipts for transportation for account of others. Pipeline systems, service area maps, company supply and disposition data are presented.

Not Available

1995-02-01

9

A+ Auto & Home Insurance is a brand of California Casualty Indemnity Exchange, California Casualty Insurance Company, and California Casualty General Insurance Company of Oregon  

E-print Network

A+ Auto & Home Insurance is a brand of California Casualty Indemnity Exchange, California Casualty Insurance Company, and California Casualty General Insurance Company of Oregon M-523-IDT 3/080041343 Your or flood. You'll also have access to expert help if your identification or financial documents are lost

Gleeson, Joseph G.

10

170. Credit SHS. Northern California Power Company substation, Bully Hill ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

170. Credit SHS. Northern California Power Company substation, Bully Hill Mine area. Note lack of vegetation, caused by nearby copper smelting works. - Battle Creek Hydroelectric System, Battle Creek & Tributaries, Red Bluff, Tehama County, CA

11

Natural gas annual 1992: Supplement: Company profiles  

SciTech Connect

The data for the Natural Gas Annual 1991 Supplement : Company Profiles are taken from Form EIA-176, (open quotes) Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition (close quotes). Other sources include industry literature and corporate annual reports to shareholders. The companies appearing in this report are major interstate natural gas pipeline companies, large distribution companies, or combination companies with both pipeline and distribution operations. The report contains profiles of 45 corporate families. The profiles describe briefly each company, where it operates, and any important issues that the company faces. The purpose of this report is to show the movement of natural gas through the various States served by the 45 large companies profiled.

Not Available

1994-01-01

12

75 FR 27332 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP10-361-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application...on April 30, 2010, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Halbach, Senior Counsel, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2010-05-14

13

75 FR 73065 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP11-22-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application...on November 5, 2010 Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Manager, Certificates, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2010-11-29

14

75 FR 74705 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP11-30-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application...November 12, 2010, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Rocan, Senior Counsel, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2010-12-01

15

75 FR 18190 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP10-110-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application...on March 30, 2010, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Manager, Certificates, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2010-04-09

16

76 FR 22093 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-161-000; PF10-23-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application On March 31, 2011, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Rocan, Senior Counsel, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2011-04-20

17

75 FR 9197 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP10-64-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application...on February 9, 2010, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Manager, Certificates, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2010-03-01

18

75 FR 53281 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP10-485-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application...On August 12, 2010, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee) filed with...Manager, Certificates, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2010-08-31

19

75 FR 82378 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP11-52-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application...December 15, 2010, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Associate General Counsel, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2010-12-30

20

76 FR 18747 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-133-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application...that on March 9, 2011, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), filed an...Associate General Counsel, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2011-04-05

21

75 FR 38801 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP10-455-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application...that on June 11, 2010, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Manager, Certificates, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2010-07-06

22

76 FR 19338 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-142-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application...on March 18, 2011, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Manager, Certificates, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2011-04-07

23

75 FR 80483 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP11-49-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application...December 13, 2010, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Associate General Counsel, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2010-12-22

24

75 FR 74027 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP11-36-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Application...November 17, 2010, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Griffin, Counsel, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 569 Brookwood...

2010-11-30

25

75 FR 42432 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Company, LLC, and Enterprise Field Services, LLC; Notice of Intent...Company, LLC, and Enterprise Field Services, LLC, collectively...digits in the Docket Number field (i.e., CP10-82-000...eSubscription which allows you to keep track of all formal issuances...

2010-07-21

26

75 FR 73071 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Line Company, LLC, Enterprise Field Services, LLC; Notice of Availability...Company, LLC, and Enterprise Field Services, LLC (Applicants...digits in the Docket Number field (i.e., CP10-82-000...eSubscription which allows you to keep track of all formal issuances...

2010-11-29

27

Gas supplies of interstate/natural gas pipeline companies 1989  

SciTech Connect

This publication provides information on the interstate pipeline companies' supply of natural gas during calendar year 1989, for use by the FERC for regulatory purposes. It also provides information to other Government agencies, the natural gas industry, as well as policy makers, analysts, and consumers interested in current levels of interstate supplies of natural gas and trends over recent years. 5 figs., 18 tabs.

Not Available

1990-12-18

28

LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS IN CALIFORNIA  

E-print Network

Tyler Contributors Dave Maul Manager NATURAL GAS & SPECIAL PROJECTS OFFICE Terrence O'Brien, Deputy Director SYSTEMS ASSESMENTS & FACILITIES DIVISION Robert L. Therkelsen Executive Director James D. Boyd not discuss the regulation of LNG facility operations, gas pipeline construction and operation, gas quality

29

76 FR 72675 - Grant of Authority for Subzone Status, Valero Refining Company-California, (Oil Refinery...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Refining Company-- California, (Oil Refinery), Benicia, CA Pursuant to its authority...42) products consumed as fuel for the refinery shall be subject to the applicable duty...19 CFR 146.42) may be elected on refinery inputs covered under HTSUS...

2011-11-25

30

77 FR 70487 - Southern California Edison Company; Establishment of Atomic Safety and Licensing Board  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Letter (CAL) issued to Southern California Edison Company (SCE), and the NRC Commission's November 8, 2012 decision in...constituted Board ``consider whether: (1) the [CAL] issued to SCE constitutes a de facto license amendment that would be...

2012-11-26

31

75 FR 81265 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...that on December 9, 2010, Southern California Edison Company (SCE), pursuant to Rule 207 of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's...project, and the West of Devers transmission project) that SCE is proposing to construct projects that will facilitate the...

2010-12-27

32

76 FR 45253 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-513-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under...that on July 11, 2011, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee Gas), 1001...Manager, Certificates, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2011-07-28

33

76 FR 3626 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Technical Conference  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RP11-1566-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Technical Conference...Natural Gas Act (NGA), Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee) filed revised...technical conference. Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 133 FERC ]...

2011-01-20

34

76 FR 7559 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Technical Conference  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...RP11-1566-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Technical Conference...Natural Gas Act (NGA), Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee) filed revised...technical conference. Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 133 FERC ]...

2011-02-10

35

Appendix C: UC San Diego Start-Up Companies Located in California Region Total  

E-print Network

Appendix C: UC San Diego Start-Up Companies Located in California Region Total Company Name City Annual Sales Employees Year Started San Diego County Chuao Chocolatier, Inc. Carlsbad $1,200,000 30 2004. La Jolla $1,100,000 10 2000 Cymer, Inc. San Diego $543,855,000 555 1986 Ortiva Wireless, Inc. La

Wang, Deli

36

78 FR 59650 - Subzone 9F, Authorization of Production Activity, The Gas Company, LLC dba Hawai'i Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Subzone 9F, Authorization of Production Activity, The Gas Company, LLC dba Hawai'i Gas, (Synthetic Natural Gas), Kapolei, Hawaii On May 22, 2013, The Gas Company, LLC dba Hawai'i Gas submitted a notification of proposed production...

2013-09-27

37

78 FR 2380 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP13-30-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2012, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco...Commission and open to public inspection. The filing is available for...Analyst, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC,...

2013-01-11

38

76 FR 44903 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-504-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2011, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco...Commission and open to public inspection. Specifically, the facilities...Miksovsky, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC, Post...

2011-07-27

39

76 FR 60016 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-545-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under...September 9, 2011, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Certificates & Compliance, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2011-09-28

40

78 FR 18968 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP13-97-000] Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice...that on March 8, 2013, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC (Natural...Newsome, Vice President, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC, 3250...

2013-03-28

41

76 FR 48853 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP11-517-000] Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice...that on July 19, 2011, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC (Natural...Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC, 3250...

2011-08-09

42

76 FR 55379 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-536-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under...on August 19, 2011, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Manager, Certificates, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2011-09-07

43

75 FR 27774 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP10-424-000] Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice...that on May 6, 2010, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC (Natural...Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC, 3250...

2010-05-18

44

75 FR 24942 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP10-140-000] Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice...that on April 19, 2010, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC (Natural...Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC, 3250...

2010-05-06

45

77 FR 58126 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP12-505-000] Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice...that on August 30, 2012, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC (Natural...Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC, 3250...

2012-09-19

46

75 FR 27341 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP10-413-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under...that on May 5, 2010, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Halbach, Senior Counsel, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2010-05-14

47

77 FR 37669 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP12-474-000] Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice...that on June 7, 2012, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC (Natural...Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC, 3250...

2012-06-22

48

75 FR 5317 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP10-45-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under...on January 25, 2010, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Halbach, Senior Counsel, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, 1001 Louisiana...

2010-02-02

49

76 FR 62395 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP11-547-000] Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice...on September 20, 2011, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC (Natural...Newsome, Vice President, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America, LLC,...

2011-10-07

50

76 FR 51970 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP11-529-000] Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice...that on August 5, 2011, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC (Natural...Products and Services, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC, 3250...

2011-08-19

51

78 FR 49510 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP13-526-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, LLC; Notice of Request...that on July 24, 2013, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, LLC (Tennessee), 1001...Manager, Certificates, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, LLC, 1001...

2013-08-14

52

78 FR 67350 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP14-10-000] Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice...that on October 18, 2013 Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC (Natural...Newsome, Vice President, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC, 3250...

2013-11-12

53

76 FR 52652 - National Fuel Gas Supply Corporation; Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Availability of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Access Project and Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company's (TGP...dekatherms per day of natural gas to TransCanada Corporation...Niagara County, New York: New Solar Centaur natural gas-fired turbines for compressor units A2 and...

2011-08-23

54

Critical issues in establishing DSM programs: Elizabethtown Gas Company`s standard offer  

SciTech Connect

There are many factors to consider in developing successful, cost-effective, performance-based DSM programs. This paper is based upon Elizabethtown Gas Company`s experience in establishing a standard offer performance-based DSM pilot program. It addresses significant issues in each of these program areas: program design, financial incentives, participation rates, marketing strategies, market barriers, program energy savings, measurement and verification plans, cost-effectiveness, and potential markets.

Hassis, L.A.

1995-06-01

55

78 FR 38736 - License Amendment Request for Homestake Mining Company of California, Grants Reclamation Project...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...update to the Homestake Mining Company of California's...of the issue of law or fact to be raised or controverted...statement of the alleged facts or expert opinions which...material issue of law or fact, including references...amended filing demonstrates good cause by...

2013-06-27

56

75 FR 49929 - Southern California Edison Company; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CFR 385.207(2010), Southern California Edison Company (SCE) filed a Petition for Declaratory Order for Incentive Rate Treatments...development of roughly 2,450 MW of solar generation. In addition, SCE requests a declaration that the facilities will be network...

2010-08-16

57

75 FR 66781 - Habitat Conservation Plan for Pacific Gas & Electric Company's Operation, Maintenance, and Minor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Conservation Plan for Pacific Gas & Electric Company's Operation, Maintenance...application from Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E) for a permit...surrounding PG&E's gas and electric transmission and distribution...Greater sandhill...

2010-10-29

58

76 FR 44324 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-516-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Request Under...that on July 14, 2011, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (Tennessee), 1001 Louisiana...Commission. \\3\\ See Tennessee Gas Pipeline Co., 8 FPC 276...

2011-07-25

59

AIR QUALITY IMPACTS OF LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS IN THE SOUTH COAST AIR BASIN OF CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect

The effects of liquefied natural gas (LNG) on pollutant emission inventories and air quality in the South Coast Air Basin of California were evaluated using recent LNG emission measurements by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas), and with a state-of-the-art air quality model. Pollutant emissions can be affected by LNG owing to differences in composition and physical properties, including the Wobbe index, a measure of energy delivery rate. This analysis uses LNG distribution scenarios developed by modeling Southern California gas flows, including supplies from the LNG receiving terminal in Baja California, Mexico. Based on these scenarios, the projected penetratino of LNG in the South Coast Air Basin is expected to be limited. In addition, the increased Wobbe index of delivered gas (resulting from mixtures of LNG and conventional gas supplies) is expected to cause increases smaller than 0.05 percent in overall (area-wide) emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx). BAsed on the photochemical state of the South Coast Air Basin, any increase in NOx is expected to cause an increase in the highest local ozone concentrations, and this is reflected in model results. However, the magnitude of the increase is well below the generally accepted accuracy of the model and would not be discernible with the existing monitoring network. Modeling of hypothetical scenarios indicates that discernible changes to ambient ozone and particulate matter concentrations would occur only at LNG distribution rates that are not achievable with current or planned infrastructure and with Wobbe index vlaues that exceed current gas quality tariffs. Results of these hypothetical scenarios are presented for consideration of any proposed substantial expansion of LNG supply infrastructure in Southern California.

Carerras-Sospedra, Marc; Brouwer, Jack; Dabdub, Donald; Lunden, Melissa; Singer, Brett

2011-07-01

60

Is there hope for natural gas distribution companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

An appraisal of current conditions in the US natural gas market points out opportunities for renewed growth and profitability for distribution companies as a result of restructuring within the industry. After reviewing the history and effects of these changes, the author concludes that distribution utilities must shift from followers to decision makers as they evolve from junior to senior member

Pierce

1985-01-01

61

Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company (NP) 5/18/2012 Page 1 University of California  

E-print Network

Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company (NP) 5/18/2012 Page 1 University of California as determined by Anthem Blue Cross. When using Non-PPO and Other Health Care Providers, insured persons

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

62

78 FR 14788 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP12-497-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Availability...Project, proposed by Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco) in the...available for distribution and public inspection at: Federal Energy Regulatory...

2013-03-07

63

76 FR 27312 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-31-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Availability...Project) proposed by Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco) in the...available for distribution and public inspection at: Federal Energy Regulatory...

2011-05-11

64

78 FR 6089 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...PF09-8-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application...January 7, 2013, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco), Post...with the Commission and open to public inspection. On March 26, 2009, the...

2013-01-29

65

78 FR 24190 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP13-132-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application...April 9, 2013, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco), Post...with the Commission and open to public inspection. Copies of this filing are...

2013-04-24

66

75 FR 30021 - South Carolina Electric & Gas Company Saluda Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Proposed Restricted...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Carolina Electric & Gas Company Saluda Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Proposed Restricted...Register of Historic Places at the Saluda Hydroelectric Project No. 516-459. The programmatic...Gas Company, as licensee for Saluda Hydroelectric Project No. 516, the Catawba...

2010-05-28

67

76 FR 28972 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. CP11-333-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket...Authorization Take notice that on April 28, 2011, Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company (Eastern Shore), 1110 Forrest Avenue, Dover, Delaware...

2011-05-19

68

77 FR 65542 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. CP13-6-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application Take notice that on October 12, 2012, Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company (Eastern Shore), 1110 Forrest Avenue, Dover, Delaware...

2012-10-29

69

76 FR 28972 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. CP11-303-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket...Authorization Take notice that on April 28, 2011, Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company (Eastern Shore), 1110 Forrest Avenue, Dover, Delaware,...

2011-05-19

70

75 FR 13524 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. CP10-76-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application March...Take notice that on March 5, 2010, Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company, (Eastern Shore), 1110 Forrest Avenue, Dover, Delaware...

2010-03-22

71

76 FR 20659 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. CP11-168-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket...Authorization Take notice that on April 1, 2011, Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company (Eastern Shore), 1110 Forrest Avenue, Dover, Delaware,...

2011-04-13

72

77 FR 32624 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. CP12-461-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application Take notice that on May 14, 2012, Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company (Eastern Shore), filed in Docket No. CP12-461-000,...

2012-06-01

73

78 FR 39719 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [ Docket No. CP13-498-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application Take notice that on June 13, 2013, Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company (Eastern Shore) filed with the Federal Energy Regulatory...

2013-07-02

74

75 FR 8329 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. CP10-51-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Request Under Blanket...Take notice that on February 2, 2010, Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company (Eastern Shore), 1110 Forrest Avenue, Dover, Delaware...

2010-02-24

75

76 FR 71007 - Pacific Gas & Electric Company; Notice of Availability of Supplemental Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1354-081] Pacific Gas & Electric Company; Notice of Availability...2010 regarding Pacific Gas & Electric Company's (PG&E) proposal...seismic remediation work at Crane Valley Dam, part of the Crane Valley Hydroelectric...

2011-11-16

76

75 FR 9202 - Pacific Gas & Electric Company; Notice of Availability of Final Environmental Assessment  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1354-081] Pacific Gas & Electric Company; Notice of Availability...FEA) regarding Pacific Gas & Electric Company's (PG&E) proposal...seismic remediation work at Crane Valley Dam, part of the Crane Valley Hydroelectric...

2010-03-01

77

76 FR 66713 - Atlanta Gas Light Company; Notice of Compliance Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Federal Energy Regulatory Commission [Docket No. PR11-108-003] Atlanta Gas Light Company; Notice of Compliance Filing Take notice that on October 19, 2011, Atlanta Gas Light Company filed a revised Statement of Operating Conditions...

2011-10-27

78

76 FR 7188 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice Postponing Technical Conference  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. RP11-1566-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice Postponing Technical Conference February...conference to discuss the non-rate issues in Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company's rate case filing for February 2 and...

2011-02-09

79

76 FR 73618 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. CP11-161-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Availability of the Environmental...Northeast Upgrade Project (Project) proposed by Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company (TGP) in the above-referenced docket....

2011-11-29

80

75 FR 74028 - Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-31-000; PF10-16-000 Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company, LLC; Notice of Application November 23...notice that on November 12, 2010, Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Company, LLC (Transco), 2800 Post Oak...

2010-11-30

81

75 FR 81263 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-45-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2010, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco...Commission and open to public inspection. The filing is available for...Analyst, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC, PO...

2010-12-27

82

77 FR 39699 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP12-476-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2012, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco...Commission and open to public inspection. The filing may also be viewed...Miksovsky, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC,...

2012-07-05

83

75 FR 66751 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-9-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2010, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco...Commission and open to public inspection. The filing may also be viewed...Miksovsky, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC, Post...

2010-10-29

84

76 FR 63916 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-551-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2011, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco...Commission and open to public inspection. This filing may also be viewed...Analyst, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, P.O. Box...

2011-10-14

85

76 FR 29745 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-473-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2011 Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco...which is open to the public for inspection. The filing may also be viewed...Miksovsky, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC,...

2011-05-23

86

78 FR 69846 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP14-18-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2013, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco...Commission and open to public inspection. The filing may also be viewed...Regulatory at Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC,...

2013-11-21

87

77 FR 33213 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP12-463-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2012 Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco...Commission and open to public inspection. The filing may also be viewed...Patel, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC,...

2012-06-05

88

77 FR 51793 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP12-497-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2012, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco...Commission and open to public inspection. The filing is available for...Regulatory, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC, Post...

2012-08-27

89

76 FR 51963 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-528-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2011, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Tranco...Commission and open to public inspection. The filing may also be viewed...Analyst, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC,...

2011-08-19

90

78 FR 62343 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP13-551-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2013, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco...Commission and open to public inspection. This filing may also be viewed...Patel, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC,...

2013-10-18

91

77 FR 23472 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP12-106-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice...that on April 4, 2012, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (Tennessee...Manager, Certificates, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C., 1001...

2012-04-19

92

77 FR 43277 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP12-482-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice...notice that on July 6, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (Tennessee...Manager, Certificates, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C. 1001...

2012-07-24

93

78 FR 6313 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP13-38-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice...on January 14, 2013, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (Tennessee...Manager, Certificates, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C. 1001...

2013-01-30

94

76 FR 79673 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP12-28-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice...On December 9, 2011, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (Tennessee...Rocan, Senior Counsel, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C., 1001...

2011-12-22

95

77 FR 64972 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP13-3-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice...on October 10, 2012, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (Tennessee...Assistant General Counsel, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C., 1001...

2012-10-24

96

75 FR 53963 - Notice of Baseline Filings: The Peoples Gas Light and Coke Company, Minnesota Energy Resources...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Filings: The Peoples Gas Light and Coke Company, Minnesota Energy Resources Corporation, Louisville Gas and Electric Company, Cobra Pipeline Ltd., Humble Gas Pipeline Company (Not Consolidated) August 27, 2010. Take notice that on August 25,...

2010-09-02

97

Hazard evaluation and technical assistance report HETA 88-010-l1982, Neville Chemical Company, Anaheim, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted an evaluation of possible hazardous working conditions at the Neville Chemical Company, Anaheim, California. Concern had been expressed about a carbon resin manufacturing process and two cases of liver disease in workers. The company manufactured petroleum resins by polymerizing organic molecules 5 to 12 carbon atoms in size using both

W. Daniels; T. Wilcox; B. Gunter

1988-01-01

98

California's Greenhouse Gas Policies: Local Solutions to a Global Problem?  

Microsoft Academic Search

California is in the process of implementing a broad portfolio of policies and regulations aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions. This paper summarizes the initiatives likely to impact the electricity generating sector. We present calculations showing that there is a substantial risk that two of the most prominent policies could simply result in a reshuffling, on paper, of the electricity

Catherine Wolfram

99

OIL & GAS HISTORY 1 History in California  

E-print Network

the seep areas on the western side of the San Joaquin Valley. As early as 1849, travelers moving along are not available, but it is reported that as early as 1856, a company organized in San Francisco began working were dug in Sulphur Mountain near Santa Paula in Ventura County. Josiah Stanford, a mining engineer

100

Measurement of radon gas on major faults in California, USA  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Abundant data have been gathered through measurements of radon gas emission in the soil on several major active faults, such as San Andreas and Calaveras, in California, U.S.A.. They show radon emissions and their spatial variations at the unlocked, locked, and creeping sections of faults with different tectonic movements. The characteristics of these variations and the role of fault gases in the research on earthquake prediction are discussed in this paper. ?? 1994 Acta Seismologica Sinica.

Zhang, W.; King, C.-Y.

1994-01-01

101

75 FR 74710 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-38-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice...2010, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco...Commission and open for public inspection. This filing is available for...Regulatory, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Corporation, P.O....

2010-12-01

102

76 FR 28971 - Atlanta Gas Light Company; Notice of Petition for Rate Approval  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket Nos. PR11-108-000; PR11-108-001] Atlanta Gas Light Company; Notice of Petition for Rate...May 9, 2011, as supplemented on May 11, 2011, Atlanta Gas Light Company (Atlanta Gas Light) filed a petition pursuant to...

2011-05-19

103

Greenhouse Gas Abatement with Distributed Generation in California's Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

The motivation and objective of this research is to determine the role of distributed generation (DG) in greenhouse gas reductions by: (1) applying the Distributed Energy Resources Customer Adoption Model (DER-CAM); (2) using the California Commercial End-Use Survey (CEUS) database for commercial buildings; (3) selecting buildings with electric peak loads between 100 kW and 5 MW; (4) considering fuel cells, micro-turbines, internal combustion engines, gas turbines with waste heat utilization, solar thermal, and PV; (5) testing of different policy instruments, e.g. feed-in tariff or investment subsidies.

Marnay, Chris; Stadler, Michael; Lipman, Tim; Lai, Judy; Cardoso, Goncalo; Megel, Olivier

2009-09-01

104

Deregulation of the California electric power industry: An analysis of electric and natural gas corporate mergers and their effect on the California electric power market  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Deregulation of the electric utility industry in California is moving in a direction that places greater reliance on the market forces of competition. Investor owned utilities (IOU's) are using mergers and acquisitions to improve their ability to compete in this new environment. Two large mergers were proposed in 1996 that could affect the California market. The first is between Enron Corporation, a large power marketer and Portland General Corporation, owner of Portland General Electric. The second is between Pacific Enterprises Inc., owner of Southern California Gas Company, the largest natural gas utility in the U. S., and Enova Corporation, owner of San Diego Gas and Electric Company. Understanding the impact of these mergers on the California electric power market is the focus of this study. This study examines hypotheses dealing with: (1) Merger Strategy, (2) Efficiency, and (3) Market Power. Using the Miles and Snow (1978) typology, I develop a strategic orientation model for the merger participants and their competitors. The results suggest a two-stage strategic orientation: (1) regulated core business stage, where the firms follow a Defender strategy, and (2) unregulated business stage, where the firms follow a Prospector strategy. Further, the results show the mergers are consistent with the strategy of Enron and Pacific Enterprises. Event study methodology, dollar gains/losses and market value weighted returns are used to determine if the mergers support the efficiency hypothesis. The evidence suggests the mergers lead to increased competitive advantage through improved efficiency for the participants. The results also suggest the mergers do not harm the rivals. The results of structural changes made by the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC) in deregulation of the California market and analysis of the mergers by the CPUC and the Public Utility Commission of Oregon suggest that the exercise of market power is not a significant issue. Finally, the likely winners in the deregulated environment in California are the broad-based IOU firms, which use a combination Defender/Prospector strategy and do not over-commit resources to mergers or acquisitions.

Hornbuckle, James Dixon

105

76 FR 36913 - Washington Gas Light Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. PR09-8-005] Washington Gas Light Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline Take notice that on June 15, 2011, Washington Gas Light Company (Washington Gas) filed a request for an extension...

2011-06-23

106

Faculty of MANAGEMENT Alberta Oil & Gas Company1  

E-print Network

. As is common in the energy industry, AOGC and several other companies (Excelsior Corp., Capital Energy of the resource, reducing profits to the oil companies, royalties to the landowners, taxes to the government

Nakayama, Marvin K.

107

77 FR 31000 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP12-462-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application...on May 14, 2012, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco), P.O...Commission and open to the public for inspection. This filing may also be viewed on...

2012-05-24

108

75 FR 71122 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP11-20-000 Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Request...November 2, 2010, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco), Post...with the Commission and open to public inspection. The filing may also be viewed on...

2010-11-22

109

78 FR 48154 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP13-523-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Application...July 18, 2013, Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC (Transco), filed...with the Commission and open to public inspection. This filing may also be viewed on...

2013-08-07

110

78 FR 56944 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Humboldt Bay Independent Spent Fuel Storage Installation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRC-2011-0115] Pacific Gas and Electric Company...request submitted by Pacific Gas and Electric Company...Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards, telephone...Protection Regulations for Domestic Licensing and Related...Office of Nuclear Material Safety and Safeguards....

2013-09-16

111

78 FR 37214 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP13-30-000] Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Availability...Project proposed by Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company (Transco) in the above-referenced...through the pipeline, and is used for cleaning the pipeline, internal inspections,...

2013-06-20

112

75 FR 27339 - Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Filing  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. CP10-194-000] Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Filing...that on April 27, 2010, Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC (CNYOG), Two Brush...a 17,000 hp of high-speed electric motor driven compression facility near the...

2010-05-14

113

Evaluation of Public Service Electric & Gas Company`s standard offer program, Volume I  

SciTech Connect

In May 1993, Public Service Electric and Gas (PSE&G), the largest investor-owned utility in New Jersey, initiated the Standard Offer program, an innovative approach to acquiring demand-side management (DSM) resources. In this program, PSE&G offers longterm contracts with standard terms and conditions to project sponsors, either customers or third-party energy service companies (ESCOs), on a first-come, first-serve basis to fill a resource block. The design includes posted, time-differentiated prices which are paid for energy savings that will be verified over the contract term (5, 10, or 15 years) based on a statewide measurement and verification (M&V) protocol. The design of the Standard Offer differs significantly from DSM bidding programs in several respects. The eligibility requirements and posted prices allow ESCOs and other energy service providers to market and develop projects among customers with few constraints on acceptable end use efficiency technologies. In contrast, in DSM bidding, ESCOs typically submit bids without final commitments from customers and the utility selects a limited number of winning bidders who often agree to deliver a pre-specified mix of savings from various end uses in targeted markets. The major objectives of the LBNL evaluation were to assess market response and customer satisfaction; analyze program costs and cost-effectiveness; review and evaluate the utility`s administration and delivery of the program; examine the role of PSE&G`s energy services subsidiary (PSCRC) in the program and the effect of its involvement on the development of the energy services industry in New Jersey; and discuss the potential applicability of the Standard Offer concept given current trends in the electricity industry (i.e., increasing competition and the prospect of industry restructuring).

Goldman, C.A.; Kito, M.S.; Moezzi, M.M.

1995-07-01

114

US lessons for energy industry restructuring: based on natural gas and California electricity incidences  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the regulation and deregulation processes, the US experienced, besides temporary price spikes, several unhappy incidences; natural gas shortage in mid-1970s, gas bubble in 1980s, California power crisis, and high natural gas price in 20002001. This paper focuses on the US natural gas and California electricity industries, especially on the above-mentioned four incidences. Through analyzing their causes and effects, this

Won-Woo Lee

2004-01-01

115

75 FR 38093 - ConocoPhillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application for Blanket...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ConocoPhillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation and Marathon Oil Company; Application for Blanket Authorization...ConocoPhillips Alaska Natural Gas Corporation (CPANGC) and Marathon Oil Company (Marathon) (collectively Applicants), requesting...

2010-07-01

116

75 FR 23757 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. CP10-76-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...involving construction and operation of facilities by Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company (ESNG) in Lancaster and Chester...

2010-05-04

117

77 FR 71585 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. CP13-6-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare...construction and operation of facilities by Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company (Eastern Shore) in Chester County, Pennsylvania. The...

2012-12-03

118

77 FR 56834 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. CP12-461-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Availability of the Environmental...Greenspring Expansion Project (Project) proposed by Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company (ESNG) in the above-referenced...

2012-09-14

119

77 FR 38616 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. CP12-461-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...involving construction and operation of facilities by Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company (ESNG) in New Castle and Kent...

2012-06-28

120

75 FR 40814 - Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment for the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Docket No. CP10-76-000] Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company; Notice of Availability of...Extension Interconnect Project proposed by Eastern Shore Natural Gas Company (Eastern Shore) in the above referenced docket. Eastern...

2010-07-14

121

76 FR 69717 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [ Docket No. CP11-547-000] Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare...construction and operation of new facilities by Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America, LLC (Natural) in Washington...

2011-11-09

122

77 FR 12274 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing With the Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2467-020] Pacific Gas and Electric Company...Applicant: Pacific Gas and Electric Company...Applicant Contact: Pacific Gas and Electric Company...4-megawatt (MW) turbine/generator unit and a vertical Kaplan-type four-blade turbine; (5) a...

2012-02-29

123

77 FR 48508 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Kinetica Energy Express, LLC; Notice of Applications and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP12-489-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Kinetica...that on July 26, 2012, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (Tennessee...Regulatory Affairs, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C., 101...

2012-08-14

124

78 FR 37218 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP13-487-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice...that on May 30, 2013, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (Tennessee...Certificates & Compliance, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C, 1001...

2013-06-20

125

77 FR 73647 - Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...by the Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC (FGT...36-inch-diameter natural gas transmission pipeline located along...36-inch-diameter natural gas transmission pipeline to be located...I-595 Replacement Project in accordance with...Street NE., Room 2A, Washington, DC 20426,...

2012-12-11

126

75 FR 30021 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Saluda Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Teleconference...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Saluda Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Teleconference...for shortnose sturgeon for the Saluda Hydroelectric Project. The South Carolina Electric...telephone. The FERC contact for the Saluda Hydroelectric Project is Lee Emery. Please...

2010-05-28

127

76 FR 28023 - Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC, South Carolina Electric & Gas Company; Notice of Meetings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...similar meeting with South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (SCE&G), licensee for the Saluda Hydroelectric Project No. 516...Commission staff will meet with representatives of NMFS and SCE&G, the Commission's non-federal representative for...

2011-05-13

128

75 FR 68776 - Columbia Gulf Transmission Company, Southern Natural Gas Company; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Transmission Company, P.O. Box 1273, Charleston, West Virginia 25325-1273 at (304) 357-2359 or by e-mail at fgeorge@nisource.com. Specifically, Columbia Gulf filed an application requesting approval for abandonment of approximately 6.3...

2010-11-09

129

What has DSM achieved in California?  

SciTech Connect

Since the late 1980`s, the four largest California investor-owned utilities have initiated and expanded various demand-side management (DSM) programs designed to produce energy and capacity savings and to provide comprehensive services to their customers. This commitment to energy efficiency was encouraged by the establishment of financial incentives for the utilities to acquire demand-side resources. The four utilities include: Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E); San Diego Gas and Electric Company (SDG&E); and Southern California Edison (SCE), and Southern California Gas Company (SoCalGas). This paper summarizes the results of 50 evaluation studies that assess California DSM programs operating between 1990 and 1992. The report concludes that in aggregate the California DSM programs outperformed DSM programs from the 1980`s, in terms of more accurately forecasting energy and demand impacts.

Brown, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Mihlmester, P.E. [Aspen Systems Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1995-06-01

130

A clash of titans - California and Alberta`s standoff on gas imports  

SciTech Connect

This article uses interviews with Alberta`s Minister of Energy Rick D. Orman and with California Public Utilities Commission President Daniel Wm. Fessler to focus on the natural gas imports controversy between the US and Canada.

Hollis, S.S. [Vinson & Elkins, Washington, DC (United States)

1992-12-31

131

Helium soil-gas variations associated with recent central California earthquakes: precursor or coincidence?  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Decreases in the helium concentration of soil-gas have been observed to precede six of eight recent central California earthquakes. Ten monitoring stations were established near Hollister, California and along the San Andreas Fault to permit gas collection. The data showed decreases occurring a few weeks before the earthquakes and concentratiosn returned to prequake levels either shortly before or after the earthquakes.-Author

Reimer, G.M.

1981-01-01

132

Northridge, California earthquake of January 17, 1994: Performance of gas transmission pipelines. Technical report  

SciTech Connect

On January 17, 1994 at 4:31 a.m., a magnitude 6.6 earthquake struck the Los Angeles metropolitan area. Epicentered in the San Fernando Valley town of Northridge, California, the earthquake caused serious damage to buildings and sections of elevated freeways; ignited at least one hundred fires as it ruptured gas pipelines; and disrupted water supply systems. This reconnaissance report provides a performance analysis of gas transmission lines, both during this earthquake and during previous earthquakes, in Southern California.

O'Rourke, T.D.; Palmer, M.C.

1994-05-16

133

77 FR 27048 - Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP12-106-000] Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C.; Notice...abandonment of facilities by Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, L.L.C. (TGP) in...of 24- inch-diameter natural gas pipeline, known as Line 254J-200,...

2012-05-08

134

Reconsidering California Transport Policies: Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in an Uncertain Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past decade, the state of California has set aggressive greenhouse gas emissions targets across all sectors of the economy. The first major target occurs in 2020, when the state hopes to have reduced statewide greenhouse gas emission from their current levels to 1990 levels. This 320-page paper from RAND researcher Ryan Keefe takes a critical look at the policies adopted by California in its attempt to achieve these long-term goals. Visitors can look over the complete document if they are so inclined, but there is a brief summary available as well. The paper provides a history of climate policy in California, sections on policy options for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from automobiles, and new methods for evaluating California's light-duty transportation policies. Finally, the paper also includes a wealth of graphs, charts, and technical appendices.

Keefe, Ryan

2012-02-24

135

MEASURES TO ABATE GREEN HOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN LOGISTICS COMPANIES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the regulations of the Kyoto Protocol and EU burden sharing, Germany has agreed to reduce Green House Gas (GHG) emissions by 21 % from 2008 to 2012 compared to the 1990 emission level. In contrast to other sectors, the level of GHG emissions rose slightly in the transportation industry. This was mainly due to road transport and in particular

Clausen Uwe; Deymann Simon; Schmied Martin; Friedrichs Jrg

136

Oil, gas, uranium, and thorium: Supply and depletion, with special reference to California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The assessment of global resources of gas, oil, uranium, and thorium with emphasis on California is presented. The forecasting of depletion is presented for the resources from the historical production data, the estimate of future production, and the size of the total resource available. Detailed data are provided under the following chapters: methodology; oil supplies; oil depletion forecasts; natural gas

I. Y. Borg; R. Stone; K. P. Puchlik

1976-01-01

137

California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Light-Duty Vehicles (released in AEO2005)  

EIA Publications

In July 2002, California Assembly Bill 1493 (A.B. 1493) was signed into law. The law requires that the California Air Resources Board (CARB) develop and adopt, by January 1, 2005, greenhouse gas emission standards for light-duty vehicles that provide the maximum feasible reduction in emissions. In estimating the feasibility of the standard, CARB is required to consider cost-effectiveness, technological capability, economic impacts, and flexibility for manufacturers in meeting the standard.

2005-01-01

138

DUAL ALKALI ACCEPTANCE TEST AT LOUISVILLE GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY; VOLUME III. APPENDICES G-J  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of the completed acceptance test series run on the dual alkali system serving Louisville Gas and Electric Company's Cane Run Unit 6 boiler. This volume (Volume III) contains raw data gathered by Kenvirons, calculations, and computerized reduced data submi...

139

DUAL ALKALI ACCEPTANCE TEST AT LOUISVILLE GAS AND ELECTRIC COMPANY; VOLUME II. APPENDICES D-F  

EPA Science Inventory

The report gives results of the completed acceptance test series run on the dual alkali system serving Louisville Gas and Electric Company's Cane Run Unit 6 boiler. This volume (Volume II) contains a discussion of the analytical and sampling methods, quality assurance, and the ra...

140

76 FR 39090 - Contract Reporting Requirements of Intrastate Natural Gas Companies; Notice of Extension of Time...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Policy Act of 1978 and Hinshaw pipelines must comply with the requirements...all section 311 and Hinshaw pipelines are granted an extension of...Group consisted of Humble Gas Pipeline Company, Enterprise Products...Transfer Partners, L.P. Spectra Energy Corp., Regency...

2011-07-05

141

76 FR 18750 - Humble Gas Pipeline Company; Cobra Pipeline Ltd.; Notice of Baseline Filings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. PR11-98-000; Docket No. PR11-99-000; Not Consolidated] Humble Gas Pipeline Company; Cobra Pipeline Ltd.; Notice of Baseline Filings Take notice that on March 28, 2011, the applicants listed above submitted a...

2011-04-05

142

Assessment of Undiscovered Natural Gas Resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California, 2006  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) recently completed a new assessment of undiscovered natural gas resources of the Sacramento Basin Province of California. Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the USGS mean estimates of undiscovered, technically recoverable resources are 534 billion cubic feet of natural gas and 323 thousand barrels of natural gas liquids in the Sacramento Basin Province. Additional undiscovered oil accumulations larger than 0.5 million barrels are considered unlikely.

Scheirer, Allegra Hosford; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Magoon, Leslie B.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Schenk, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

143

76 FR 32187 - Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Environmental Assessment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP10-480-000] Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC; Notice of Availability...Project proposed by Central New York Oil and Gas Company, LLC (CNYOG) in the above-referenced...comments and has dedicated eFiling expert staff available to assist you...

2011-06-03

144

76 FR 23808 - Humble Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. PR09-17-003] Humble Gas Pipeline Company; Notice of Motion for Extension of Rate Case Filing Deadline Take notice that on April 15, 2011, Humble Gas Pipeline Company (HGPC) filed a request for an extension consistent with...

2011-04-28

145

A combined saline formation and gas reservoir CO2 injection pilotin Northern California  

SciTech Connect

A geologic sequestration pilot in the Thornton gas field in Northern California, USA involves injection of up to 4000 tons of CO{sub 2} into a stacked gas and saline formation reservoir. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is leading the pilot test in collaboration with Rosetta Resources, Inc. and Calpine Corporation under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy and California Energy Commission's WESTCARB, Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership. The goals of the pilot include: (1) Demonstrate the feasibility of CO{sub 2} storage in saline formations representative of major geologic sinks in California; (2) Test the feasibility of Enhanced Gas Recovery associated with the early stages of a CO{sub 2} storage project in a depleting gas field; (3) Obtain site-specific information to improve capacity estimation, risk assessment, and performance prediction; (4) Demonstrate and test methods for monitoring CO{sub 2} storage in saline formations and storage/enhanced recovery projects in gas fields; and (5) Gain experience with regulatory permitting and public outreach associated with CO{sub 2} storage in California. Test design is currently underway and field work begins in August 2006.

Trautz, Robert; Myer, Larry; Benson, Sally; Oldenburg, Curt; Daley, Thomas; Seeman, Ed

2006-04-28

146

Hazard evaluation and technical assistance report HETA 88-010-l1982, Neville Chemical Company, Anaheim, California  

SciTech Connect

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) conducted an evaluation of possible hazardous working conditions at the Neville Chemical Company, Anaheim, California. Concern had been expressed about a carbon resin manufacturing process and two cases of liver disease in workers. The company manufactured petroleum resins by polymerizing organic molecules 5 to 12 carbon atoms in size using both a catalytic and a thermal polymerization process. Raw materials consist of cracked petroleum fractions, containing a wide variety of aliphatic and aromatic-hydrocarbons. Most of the data gathered concerning the health of the workers indicated they were in good physical condition and that the causes of those deaths which had been reported had been misrepresented. Three major areas of concern did arise on inspection of the current working conditions. First was a need for an improved method to be used in the periodic cleaning of the clay filter towers. Secondly, there was excessive exposure to boron-trifluoride in the treater facility. The third problem involved resin dust exposures working as a packager in the warehouse, particularly when the ventilation system was not functioning properly. Even though the dust levels in the area were below the limits for a nuisance dust, it was not clear whether the resin dusts would constitute a hazard.

Daniels, W.; Wilcox, T.; Gunter, B.

1988-06-01

147

Features of the marketing strategy of oil and gas companies in exploration drilling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The implementation of national and regional programs for the development of new oil and gas provinces of Eastern Siberia poses the challenge of increasing geological exploration. The current drilling service companies' market structure, as well as the strategic task of search and exploration effectiveness requires qualitatively new approaches for choosing a contractor. The proposed strategy to select a contractor based on comprehensive analysis of certain groups of industrial, financial, infrastructural criteria allows not only to optimize the costs of exploration activities, but also to minimize preventively the risks of a poor geological exploration. The authors' SWOT- analysis of the marketing strategy of "Gazprom neft" for choosing a contractor outlined the problem of imperfection of the Russian legislation in the sphere of activities of service companies in the oil and gas sector.

Sharf, I.; Malanina, V.; Kamynina, L.

2014-08-01

148

Regulating Greenhouse Gas 'Leakage': How California Can Evade the Impending Constitutional Attacks  

SciTech Connect

Federalist greenhouse gas regulation poses many constitutional pitfalls, and some fear that California's cap-and-trade and procurement cap proposals are vulnerable to constitutional challenge. An attack under the commerce clause seems to pose the biggest threat, but the author proposes an alternative that can eliminate this threat: market participation. (author)

Potts, Brian H.

2006-06-15

149

Regulating greenhouse gas 'leakage': how California can evade the impending constitutional attacks  

SciTech Connect

Federalist greenhouse gas regulation poses many constitutional pitfalls, and some fear that California's cap-and-trade and procurement cap proposals are vulnerable to constitutional challenge. An attack under the commerce clause seems to pose the biggest threat, but the author proposes an alternative that can eliminate this threat: market participation.

Brian H. Potts

2006-06-15

150

The Optimal Gas Tax for California1 C.-Y. Cynthia Lin, Lea Prince  

E-print Network

is taxed the most heavily, at $0.27, followed by oil security, accident externalities, local air pollution negative externalities including air pollution, global climate change, accident and congestion costsThe Optimal Gas Tax for California1 C.-Y. Cynthia Lin, Lea Prince Department of Agricultural

Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

151

Productivity and efficiency of US gas transmission companies: A European regulatory perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

On both sides of the Atlantic, the regulation of gas transmission networks has undergone major changes since the early 1990s. Whereas in the US, the long-standing regime of cost-plus regulation was complemented by increasing pipe-to-pipe competition, most European countries moved towards incentive regulation complemented by market integration. We study the productivity development of a panel of US interstate companies using

Tooraj Jamasb; Michael Pollitt; Thomas Triebs

2008-01-01

152

Productivity and Efficiency of US Gas Transmission Companies: A European Regulatory Perspective  

E-print Network

variable is the age of the network, particularly because we rely on historic book values as a measure of capital expense. Though age might affect our static efficiency measures it should have a lesser impact on our measures of change as these measures... Productivity and Efficiency of US Gas Transmission Companies: A European Regulatory Perspective Tooraj Jamasb a Michael Pollitt b Thomas Triebs c 1 March 2008 a Faculty of Economics...

Jamasb, Tooraj; Pollitt, Michael G.; Triebs, T

153

Early utility experience with wind power generation. Volume 2. Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Solano County project. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This report is one of three presenting the results of EPRI Research Project 1590-1, Evaluation of Electric Utility Experience with Wind Power Generation. The objective of this project was to develop an improved understanding of wind power generation, in particular the process a utility must undergo to initiate and carry out a wind turbine project. The primary tasks of RP1590-1 were to document and evaluate the experience of two utilities with megawatt-scale wind turbine installations from project inception to the wind turbine's first rotation. This technical report presents the experiences of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E) with its wind turbine installation at Solano County, California. All documents and reports pertaining to PG and E's experience with wind energy at Solano County were reviewed and excerpts made of the highlights. Gaps in the documentation were filled by talking with appropriate people. Site visits were conducted to monitor current activity. The information obtained was evaluated for its generic relevance and benefit to other utilities. The chronology of steps taken by PG and E in implementing the Solano wind turbine experience and some of the lessons learned are included in the report. In each section, important activities, critical assumptions, and interesting insights which might benefit other utility wind programs are identified.

McCabe, T.; Henry, G.; Tennis, M.; Goldenblatt, M.

1984-01-01

154

Greenhouse Gas emissions from California Geothermal Power Plants  

DOE Data Explorer

The information given in this file represents GHG emissions and corresponding emission rates for California flash and dry steam geothermal power plants. This stage of the life cycle is the fuel use component of the fuel cycle and arises during plant operation. Despite that no fossil fuels are being consumed during operation of these plants, GHG emissions nevertheless arise from GHGs present in the geofluids and dry steam that get released to the atmosphere upon passing through the system. Data for the years of 2008 to 2012 are analyzed.

John Sullivan

155

76 FR 11522 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority (Santee Cooper) Notice of Availability of Application...acting as itself and agent for the South Carolina Public Service Authority also known as Santee Cooper filed with the...

2011-03-02

156

76 FR 12998 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority (Santee Cooper); Notice of Availability of...acting as itself and agent for the South Carolina Public Service Authority also known as Santee Cooper filed with the...

2011-03-09

157

76 FR 16456 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority (Santee Cooper); Notice of Availability of...acting as itself and agent for the South Carolina Public Service Authority also known as Santee Cooper filed with the...

2011-03-23

158

76 FR 14436 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Gas Company (SCE&G) and the South Carolina Public Service Authority (Santee Cooper); Notice of Availability of...acting as itself and agent for the South Carolina Public Service Authority also known as Santee Cooper filed with the...

2011-03-16

159

Long range forecast of power demands on the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company system. Volume 1  

SciTech Connect

The report presents the results of an econometric forecast of peak and electric power demands for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BGandE) through the year 2003. The report describes the methodology, the results of the econometric estimations and associated summary statistics, the forecast assumptions, and the calculated forecasts of energy usage and peak demand. Separate models were estimated for summer and winter residential electricity usage in both Baltimore city and the non-city portion of the BGandE service area. Equations were also estimated for commercial energy usage, industrial usage, streetlighting, and for losses plus Company use. Non-econometric techniques were used to estimate future energy use by Bethlehem Steel Corporation's Sparrows Point plant in Baltimore County, Conrail, and the Baltimore Mass Transit Administration underground rail system. Models of peak demand for summer and winter were also estimated.

Estomin, S.L.; Kahal, M.I.

1985-09-01

160

Natural Gas - Microbe Interactions in Southern California Bight Seep Environments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The microbial consumption of methane (C1), ethane (C2), propane (C3) and n-butane (nC4) was investigated by quantifying the distributions of these gases and other related chemicals in marine gas seeps, and through laboratory incubations of seep sediment. In-situ porewater samplers (peepers) were deployed in the sediments surrounding hydrocarbon seeps at Santa Monica Basin, Santa Barbara Basin and Coal Oil Point and were used along with traditional coring techniques to quantify the natural distributions of C1-C4 hydrocarbons. Chemical distributions display major distinctions based upon the distance to a gas vent, even over distances of only 30 cm. This data and preliminary methane oxidation rate measurements suggest high rates of methane oxidation in close proximity to natural gas vents and the possible preferential degradation of higher hydrocarbons at shallower depths. Additional sediment incubation experiments are underway, and results will be presented.

Kinnaman, F. S.; Valentine, D. L.

2007-12-01

161

Industry-wide studies report of walk-through survey of Schilling, McCormick and Company, Incorporated, Salinas, California  

SciTech Connect

A walk-through survey was conducted to determine the suitability of including Schilling, McCormick and Company, Salinas, California, in an industry-wide mortality and industrial hygiene study concerning workers with potential exposure to ethylene oxide. At this facility, spices are ground, milled, blended, mixed and filled for various customers. Et0 is used to treat unprocessed poppy seeds and Brazilian pepper as they arrive at the facility. Other spices are treated when necessary. A review of personal data on exposure levels showed that jobs where workers are exposed to 1 part per million or greater on the average include bottle dumper, receiving clerk, safety supervisor, forklift driver at warehouse, forklift driver at receiving, and Et0 chamber operator. Medical, industrial hygiene, and safety programs in effect at the facility were examined. The authors concluded that this facility meets the requirements for entry into the larger study; however, due to the limited number of person years (3000) at this facility compared to others in the study, and the cost of data collection and coding, the decision was made not to include this facility.

Morawetz, J.; Steenland, K.

1986-11-01

162

Gas exchange on Mono Lake and Crowley Lake, California  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Gas exchange coefficients (k) have been determined for freshwater Crowley Lake and saline Mono Lake through the use of a man-made purposefully injected gas, SF6. The concentration decreased from an initial value of 40 to 4 pmol/L for Mono Lake and from 20 to 1 pmol/L for Crowley lake over a period of 6 wks. Wind-speed (u) records from anemometers on the shore of each lake made it possible to determine the relationship between k and u. The average u and k values for the experiment were identical for the two lakes, despite the large chemical differences. It is estimated that, for the u values observed over Mono Lake from July to December 1984, the exchange of CO2 occurred 2.5 times faster than without chemical enhancement. This is a factor of 4 lower than needed to explain the high invasion rate of C-14 produced by nuclear bomb tests.

Wanninkhof, Rik; Ledwell, James R.; Broecker, Wallace S.

1987-01-01

163

Gas exchange on Mono Lake and Crowley Lake, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gas exchange coefficients have been determined for freshwater Crowley Lake and for saline Mono Lake through the use of a man-made purposefully injected gas, sulfur hexafluoride (SF6). The concentration decreased from an initial value of 4010-12 mol/L to 410-12 mol/L for Mono Lake and from 2010-12 mol/L to 110-12 mol/L for Crowley Lake over a period of 6 weeks. Wind speed records from anemometers on the shore of each lake enabled us to determine the relationship between the gas exchange coefficient k and wind speed u. The average wind speed and average exchange coefficient for the experiment were identical for the two lakes (uav=2.9 m/s, kav=2.5 cm/h), despite a large difference in size and chemical composition. From laboratory experiments and theoretical calculations it is estimated that for wind speeds observed over Mono Lake from July until December 1984 the exchange of CO2 occurred 2- times faster than without chemical enhancement. This is a factor of 4 lower than needed to explain the high invasion rate of 14C produced by nuclear bomb tests.

Wanninkhof, Rik; Ledwell, James R.; Broecker, Wallace S.; Hamilton, Mike

1987-12-01

164

Hydrogen gas monitoring at Long Valley Caldera, California  

SciTech Connect

In response to the need for closer, systematic monitoring of the Long Valley as a means of detecting changes that might precede volcanic activity in the area, a systematic program was begun to study hydrothermal activity and gas emissions. The initial effort to monitor hydrogen gas on one component of the gas phase that might be given off by an ascending body of magma is described. Hydrogen is a component of most magmatic gases, and there is now evidence for the release of hydrogen from magmas at shallow crustal depths prior to volcanic eruptions. Hydrogen may also be produced in tectonically active areas by hydration reactions of rock-forming minerals with ground waters at depths where frictional stress results in moderately elevated temperatures. Because hydrogen is extremely mobile and relatively non-reactive once formed, it should ascend to the surface mobile and relatively non-reactive once formed, it should ascend to the surface easily through incipient fractures developed in tectonic fault zones. For these reasons, anomalous hydrogen emissions in the Long Valley area may be a good geochemical indication of tectonic or magmatic events.

McGee, K.A.; Casadevall, T.J.; Sato, M.; Sutton, A.J.; Clark, M.D.

1982-01-01

165

Improving Grid Performance with Electric Vehicle Charging 2011San Diego Gas & Electric Company. All copyright and trademark rights reserved.  

E-print Network

DC fast-chargers · 380 All-electric Car-2-Go fleet · 2,030 on EV rate (includes NEV) As of SeptemberImproving Grid Performance with Electric Vehicle Charging © 2011San Diego Gas & Electric Company. All copyright and trademark rights reserved. #12;EVs are Grid Assets © 2012 San Diego Gas & Electric

California at Davis, University of

166

Installation Practices of California HVAC Contractors: Implications for Residential Building Codes  

E-print Network

This report documents a study that was conducted by XENERGY. Inc. for the CEC and a consortium of California utilities. The utilities primarily involved in the study were Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG and E), Sacramento Municipal Utility...

George, S. S.; Koved, M. D.

1988-01-01

167

Observation of CH4 and other Non-CO2 Green House Gas Emissions from California  

SciTech Connect

In 2006, California passed the landmark assembly bill AB-32 to reduce California's emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that contribute to global climate change. AB-32 commits California to reduce total GHG emissions to 1990 levels by 2020, a reduction of 25 percent from current levels. To verify that GHG emission reductions are actually taking place, it will be necessary to measure emissions. We describe atmospheric inverse model estimates of GHG emissions obtained from the California Greenhouse Gas Emissions Measurement (CALGEM) project. In collaboration with NOAA, we are measuring the dominant long-lived GHGs at two tall-towers in central California. Here, we present estimates of CH{sub 4} emissions obtained by statistical comparison of measured and predicted atmospheric mixing ratios. The predicted mixing ratios are calculated using spatially resolved a priori CH{sub 4} emissions and surface footprints, that provide a proportional relationship between the surface emissions and the mixing ratio signal at tower locations. The footprints are computed using the Weather Research and Forecast (WRF) coupled to the Stochastic Time-Inverted Lagrangian Transport (STILT) model. Integral to the inverse estimates, we perform a quantitative analysis of errors in atmospheric transport and other factors to provide quantitative uncertainties in estimated emissions. Regressions of modeled and measured mixing ratios suggest that total CH{sub 4} emissions are within 25% of the inventory estimates. A Bayesian source sector analysis obtains posterior scaling factors for CH{sub 4} emissions, indicating that emissions from several of the sources (e.g., landfills, natural gas use, petroleum production, crops, and wetlands) are roughly consistent with inventory estimates, but livestock emissions are significantly higher than the inventory. A Bayesian 'region' analysis is used to identify spatial variations in CH{sub 4} emissions from 13 sub-regions within California. Although, only regions near the tower are significantly constrained by the tower measurements, CH{sub 4} emissions from the south Central Valley appear to be underestimated in a manner consistent with the under-prediction of livestock emissions. Finally, we describe a pseudo-experiment using predicted CH{sub 4} signals to explore the uncertainty reductions that might be obtained if additional measurements were made by a future network of tall-tower stations spread over California. These results show that it should be possible to provide high-accuracy estimates of surface CH{sub 4} emissions for multiple regions as a means to verify future emissions reductions.

Fischer, Marc L.; Zhao, Chuanfeng; Riley, William J.; Andrews, Arlyn C.

2009-01-09

168

Lenape Resources Corporation v. Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company: Natural gas take-or-pay contracts under the Uniform Commercial Code  

SciTech Connect

The majority decision in the Lenape court case is analyzed. In this case, the Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company challenged its take-or-pay oblicagion to the Lenape Resources Corporation under the theory that the Lenape gas purchase agreement constituted an output contract and was, therefore, subject to the good faith and proportionality requirements of the Uniform Commercial Code. Tennessee`s challenge was rejected by the Supreme Court of Texas in a five to four decision, with a strong minority dissent. The paper provides background on take-or-pay contracts, details the circumstances leading Tennessee to challenge the contract, and provides the procedural history of the case. The majority opinion is analyzed in light of the dissent, and motivating policy considerations are discussed. It is concluded that the majority decision may have been based more on policy concerns than on legal reasoning, and that subjecting take-or-pay contracts to good faith and proportionality requirements would not seriously diminish natural gas production nor reallocate market risks.

NONE

1997-12-31

169

21073CAMENABC 5/11 Anthem Blue Cross is the trade name of Blue Cross of California. Anthem Blue Cross and Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company are independent licensees of the Blue Cross Association.  

E-print Network

21073CAMENABC 5/11 Anthem Blue Cross is the trade name of Blue Cross of California. Anthem Blue Cross and Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company are independent licensees of the Blue Cross Association. ® ANTHEM is a registered trademark of Anthem Insurance Companies, Inc. The Blue Cross

Rose, Michael R.

170

Estimating the impact of residential gas cooling equipment on electric utility summer peak in northern California  

SciTech Connect

Residential gas-fired cooling equipment helps electric utilities trim a portion of the summer peak load curve. This paper details a methodology for developing initial estimates of such peak reduction and the consequent savings in plant costs by taking into account a set of key variables. The key variables include the weather patterns over the service territory, the size and distribution of building stock for the residential sector, the availability of gas distribution lines, the market penetration of gas cooling equipment, as a fraction of the maximum possible penetration, and the historical plant cost for generating power. The application of the methodology is illustrated in detail by using a Northern California utility service territory as a case study.

Kumar, B. [Energetics, Inc., Columbia, MD (United States); Nowakowski, G.A. [Gas Research Inst., Chicago, IL (United States)

1995-12-31

171

Fluid origin, gas fluxes and plumbing system in the sediment-hosted Salton Sea Geothermal System (California, USA)  

E-print Network

Fluid origin, gas fluxes and plumbing system in the sediment-hosted Salton Sea Geothermal System Available online 12 June 2011 Keywords: Salton Sea Geothermal System hydrothermal seeps gas and water geochemistry flux measurements mantle The Salton Sea Geothermal System (California) is an easily accessible

Svensen, Henrik

172

Public policy issues. A Southern California Gas Company project SAGE report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of solar energy to stretch our supplies of fossil fuels was investigated. Project SAGE (semi-automated ground environment) addresses itself to one application of this goal, solar assistance in central water heating systems for multifamily projects. Public policy issues that affect the rate of adoption of solar energy systems were investigated and policy actions were offered to accelerate the adoption of SAGE and other solar energy systems.

Barbieri, R. H.; Hirsberg, A. S.

1978-01-01

173

76 FR 42725 - Notice of Availability of the Record of Decision for the Southern California Edison Company...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Devers-Palo Verde No. 2 Transmission Line Project, California AGENCY...Devers-Palo Verde No. 2 Transmission Line Project located in southern...230-mile-long, 500-kilovolt (kV) electrical transmission line between the SCE's...

2011-07-19

174

Estimating Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions in 2050 from New Buildings in California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A major contributor to global warming is Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, with carbon dioxide (CO2) as the lead constituent. While the United States has failed to take a leadership role in worldwide efforts to reduce global warming, California has implemented some of the strictest reduction goals in the country. Recent legislation in California requires significant GHG emission reductions in the coming decades to meet state-mandated targets. To better understand the relative contribution of urban growth to these emissions, we applied an Energy and GHG Impacts Calculator (referred to as GHG Calculator) to estimate GHG contributions for two statewide population growth scenarios for the year 2050. Implemented as part of the UPlan urban growth model, the GHG Calculator allows users to predict and compare GHG output from new development. In this paper, two scenarios, differing only in the spatial allocation of housing among zoning categories, are developed and tested for the year 2050 in California. The difference in total GHG emissions between these scenarios was less than 1%. Thus, while smart growth may be desirable for a variety of other reasons, the policy impact of the sprawl footprint per se on fixed-source GHG emissions is likely to be far less than effects from other factors, such as insulation and household energy efficiency. The GHG Calculator allows alternative emission-reducing measures to be tested, including modified energy mixes (e.g. a greater percent of renewable sources and lower carbon-based fuels) and conservation measures. The goal is to approximate 2050 emissions and determine what measures are needed to achieve the 2050 goal set by the Governor of California to help decrease the States overall contribution to global warming.

Beardsley, K.; Thorne, J. H.; Quinn, J. F.

2009-12-01

175

75 FR 8756 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company, Virgil C. Summer Nuclear Station, Unit 1; Environmental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...South Carolina Electric & Gas Company (SCE&G, the licensee), for operation of...55 by the March 31, 2010, deadline. SCE&G has proposed an alternate full compliance...in two letters dated December 11, 2009, SCE&G designation RC-09-0154...

2010-02-25

176

75 FR 10839 - South Carolina Electric and Gas Company; Virgil C. Summer Nuclear Station, Unit 1; Exemption  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...South Carolina Electric and Gas Company, (SCE&G, the licensee) is the holder of Facility...2009, the licensee submitted two letters, SCE&G designation RC-09-0154 (NRC ADAMS...CFR 73.5, ``Specific exemptions.'' SCE&G's letter RC-09-0148,...

2010-03-09

177

Annotated Bibliography: Fisheries Species and Oil/Gas Platforms Offshore California  

E-print Network

PCB and DDT in sediments of the Southern California Bight.DDT concentrations increased along a gradient from Baja CaliforniaCalifornia, Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, Alaska and Hawaii were analyzed for DDT,

MBC Applied Environmental Sciences

1987-01-01

178

The California greenhouse gas initiative and its implications to the automotive industry  

SciTech Connect

CAR undertook this investigation to better understand the costs and challenges of a local (state) regulation necessitating the implementation of alternative or advanced powertrain technology. CAR will attempt to add insight into the challenges that local regulations present to the automotive industry, and to contribute further to the discussion of how advanced powertrain technology may be used to meet such regulation. Any local law that (directly or indirectly) affects light duty motor vehicle fuel economy creates what in effect is a specialty market for powertrain technology. As such these small markets present significant challenges for automotive manufacturers. First, a small market with unique standards presents significant challenges to an industry that has sustained growth by relying on large volumes to achieve scale economies and deliver products at a cost acceptable to the consumer. Further, the challenges of the additional technology make it likely that any powertrain capable of meeting the stringent emissions standards will include costly additional components, and thus will be more costly to manufacture. It is likely that manufacturers would consider the following actions as steps to deliver products to meet the pending California regulatory requirements anticipated as a result of prior California legislation: (1) Substituting more fuel efficient vehicles: Bring in more efficient vehicles from global operations, while likely dropping existing domestic products. (2) Substituting powertrains: Add existing downsized engines (i.e. turbocharged versions, etc.) into California market-bound vehicles. (3) Powertrain enhancements: Add technology to current engine and transmission offerings to improve efficiency and reduce emissions. (4) Incorporating alternative powertrains into existing vehicle platforms: Develop a hybrid or other type of powertrain for an existing vehicle. (5) New powertrains and new platforms: Develop vehicles specifically intended to incorporate new powertrain technologies, materials and/or design (e.g. the General Motors EV1 or the Toyota Prius). These five actions represent the gamut from the least complicated solution to the most complex. They also generally represent the least expensive response to the most expensive. It is possible that the least expensive responses may be least likely to meet market demands while achieving required GHG emission limits. At the same time, the most expensive option may produce a vehicle that satisfies the GHG reduction requirements and meets some consumer requirements, but is far too costly to manufacture and sell profitably. The response of a manufacturer would certainly have to take market size, consumer acceptance, technology implication and cost, as well as internal capacities and constraints, into consideration. It is important to understand that individual companies may respond differently in the short term. However, it is probable that there would be a more consistent industry-wide response in the longer term. Options 1 and 2 present the simplest responses. A company may reach into its global portfolio to deliver vehicles that are more fuel-efficient. These vehicles are usually much smaller and significantly less powerful than current U.S. offerings. Industry respondents indicated that such a strategy may be possible but would likely be met with less than positive reaction from the buying public. A general estimate for the cost to homologize a vehicle--that is, to prepare an existing vehicle for entry into the United States provided all business conditions were met (reasonable product, capacity availability, etc.), would be approximately $50 million. Assuming an estimated cost for homologation to meet U.S. standards of $50 million and a 20,000 vehicle per year sales volume in California, the company would then incur a $2,500 per-vehicle cost to bring them into the market. A manufacturer may also choose to incorporate a more efficient powertrain into a vehicle already sold in the market. The costs associated with such a strategy would include reengineering

Smith, B. C.; Miller, R. T.; Center for Automotive Research

2006-05-31

179

78 FR 33051 - Notification of Proposed Production Activity, The Gas Company, LLC dba Hawai'i Gas, Subzone 9F...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...authority to produce synthetic natural gas, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, hydrocarbon gas mixtures and zinc sulfide using certain...synthetic natural gas, carbon dioxide, hydrogen, hydrocarbon gas mixtures and zinc sulfide (duty rate...

2013-06-03

180

Carbon dioxide and helium emissions from a reservoir of magmatic gas beneath Mammoth Mountain, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Carbon dioxide and helium with isotopic compositions indicative of a magmatic source (??13C = -4.5 to -5???, 3He/4He = 4.5 to 6.7 RA) are discharging at anomalous rates from Mammoth Mountain, on the southwestern rim of the Long Valley caldera in eastern California. The gas is released mainly as diffuse emissions from normal-temperature soils, but some gas issues from steam vents or leaves the mountain dissolved in cold groundwater. The rate of gas discharge increased significantly in 1989 following a 6-month period of persistent earthquake swarms and associated strain and ground deformation that has been attributed to dike emplacement beneath the mountain. An increase in the magmatic component of helium discharging in a steam vent on the north side of Mammoth Mountain, which also began in 1989, has persisted until the present time. Anomalous CO2 discharge from soils first occurred during the winter of 1990 and was followed by observations of several areas of tree kill and/or heavier than normal needlecast the following summer. Subsequent measurements have confirmed that the tree kills are associated with CO2 concentrations of 30-90% in soil gas and gas flow rates of up to 31,000 g m-2 d-1 at the soil surface. Each of the tree-kill areas and one area of CO2 discharge above tree line occurs in close proximity to one or more normal faults, which may provide conduits for gas flow from depth. We estimate that the total diffuse CO2 flux from the mountain is approximately 520 t/d, and that 30-50 t/d of CO2 are dissolved in cold groundwater flowing off the flanks of the mountain. Isotopic and chemical analyses of soil and fumarolic gas demonstrate a remarkable homogeneity in composition, suggesting that the CO2 and associated helium and excess nitrogen may be derived from a common gas reservoir whose source is associated with some combination of magmatic degassing and thermal metamorphism of metasedimentary rocks. Furthermore, N2/Ar ratios and nitrogen isotopic values indicate that the Mammoth Mountain gases are derived from sources separate from those that supply gas to the hydrothermal system within the Long Valley caldera. Various data suggest that the Mammoth Mountain gas reservoir is a large, low-temperature cap over an isolated hydrothermal system, that it predates the 1989 intrusion, and that it could remain a source of gas discharge for some time.

Sorey, M.L.; Evans, W.C.; Kennedy, B.M.; Farrar, C.D.; Hainsworth, L.J.; Hausback, B.

1998-01-01

181

The true cost of greenhouse gas emissions: analysis of 1,000 global companies.  

PubMed

This study elucidated the shadow price of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for 1,024 international companies worldwide that were surveyed from 15 industries in 37 major countries. Our results indicate that the shadow price of GHG at the firm level is much higher than indicated in previous studies. The higher shadow price was found in this study as a result of the use of Scope 3 GHG emissions data. The results of this research indicate that a firm would carry a high cost of GHG emissions if Scope 3 GHG emissions were the focus of the discussion of corporate social responsibility. In addition, such shadow prices were determined to differ substantially among countries, among sectors, and within sectors. Although a number of studies have calculated the shadow price of GHG emissions, these studies have employed country-level or industry-level data or a small sample of firm-level data in one country. This new data from a worldwide firm analysis of the shadow price of GHG emissions can play an important role in developing climate policy and promoting sustainable development. PMID:24265710

Ishinabe, Nagisa; Fujii, Hidemichi; Managi, Shunsuke

2013-01-01

182

The True Cost of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Analysis of 1,000 Global Companies  

PubMed Central

This study elucidated the shadow price of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for 1,024 international companies worldwide that were surveyed from 15 industries in 37 major countries. Our results indicate that the shadow price of GHG at the firm level is much higher than indicated in previous studies. The higher shadow price was found in this study as a result of the use of Scope 3 GHG emissions data. The results of this research indicate that a firm would carry a high cost of GHG emissions if Scope 3 GHG emissions were the focus of the discussion of corporate social responsibility. In addition, such shadow prices were determined to differ substantially among countries, among sectors, and within sectors. Although a number of studies have calculated the shadow price of GHG emissions, these studies have employed country-level or industry-level data or a small sample of firm-level data in one country. This new data from a worldwide firm analysis of the shadow price of GHG emissions can play an important role in developing climate policy and promoting sustainable development. PMID:24265710

Ishinabe, Nagisa; Fujii, Hidemichi; Managi, Shunsuke

2013-01-01

183

Development of the utilization of combustible gas produced in existing sanitary landfills: Effects of corrosion at the Mountain View, California landfill gas-recovery plant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Corrosion of equipment has occurred at the Mountain View, California Landfill Gas Recovery Plant. Corrosion is most severe on compressor valve seats and cages, tubes in the first and second stages of the interstage gas cooler, and first and second stage piping and liquid separators. Corrosion occurs because the raw landfill gas contains water, carbon dioxide, and oxygen. Some corrosion may also result from trace concentrations of organic acids present in the landfill gas. Corrosion of the third stage compressor, cooler, and piping does not occur because the gas is dehydrated immediately prior to the third stage. Controlling corrosion is necessary to maintain the mechanical integrity of the plant and to keep the cost of the gas competitive with natural gas. Attempts to reduce corrosion rates by injecting a chemical inhibitor have proved only partially successful. Recommendations for dealing with corrosion include earlier dehydration of the gas, selection of special alloys in critical locations, chemical inhibition, and regular plant inspections.

1982-10-01

184

Gas Bubble Disease in the Brain of a Living California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus)  

PubMed Central

A yearling California sea lion (Zalophus californianus) was admitted into rehabilitation with signs of cerebellar pathology. Diagnostic imaging that included radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated space-occupying lesions predominantly in the cerebellum that were filled partially by CSF-like fluid and partially by gas, and cerebral lesions that were fluid filled. Over a maximum period of 4?months, the brain lesions reduced in size and the gas resorbed and was replaced by CSF-like fluid. In humans, the cerebellum is known to be essential for automating practiced movement patterns (e.g., learning to touch-type), also known as procedural learning or the consolidation of motor memory. To test the animal in this study for motor memory deficits, an alternation task in a two-choice maze was utilized. The sea lion performed poorly similar to another case of pneumocerebellum previously reported, and contrary to data acquired from a group of sea lions with specific hippocampal injury. The learning deficits were attributed to the cerebellar injury. These data provide important insight both to the clinical presentation and behavioral observations of cerebellar injury in sea lions, as well as providing an initial model for long-term outcome following cerebellar injury. The specific etiology of the gas could not be determined. The live status of the patient with recovery suggests that the most likely etiologies for the gas are either de novo formation or air emboli secondary to trauma. A small air gun pellet was present within and was removed from soft tissues adjacent to the tympanic bulla. While no evidence to support the pellet striking bone was found, altered dive pattern associated with this human interaction may have provided the opportunity for gas bubble formation to occur. The similarity in distribution of the gas bubble related lesions in this case compared with another previously published case of pneumocerebellum suggests that preferential perfusion of the brain, and more specifically the cerebellum, may occur during diving events. PMID:23372553

Van Bonn, William; Dennison, Sophie; Cook, Peter; Fahlman, Andreas

2013-01-01

185

Recovery Act: Brea California Combined Cycle Electric Generating Plant Fueled by Waste Landfill Gas  

SciTech Connect

The primary objective of the Project was to maximize the productive use of the substantial quantities of waste landfill gas generated and collected at the Olinda Landfill near Brea, California. An extensive analysis was conducted and it was determined that utilization of the waste gas for power generation in a combustion turbine combined cycle facility was the highest and best use. The resulting Project reflected a cost effective balance of the following specific sub-objectives: Meeting the environmental and regulatory requirements, particularly the compliance obligations imposed on the landfill to collect, process and destroy landfill gas Utilizing proven and reliable technology and equipment Maximizing electrical efficiency Maximizing electric generating capacity, consistent with the anticipated quantities of landfill gas generated and collected at the Olinda Landfill Maximizing equipment uptime Minimizing water consumption Minimizing post-combustion emissions The Project produced and will produce a myriad of beneficial impacts. o The Project created 360 FTE construction and manufacturing jobs and 15 FTE permanent jobs associated with the operation and maintenance of the plant and equipment. o By combining state-of-the-art gas clean up systems with post combustion emissions control systems, the Project established new national standards for best available control technology (BACT). o The Project will annually produce 280,320 MWhs of clean energy o By destroying the methane in the landfill gas, the Project will generate CO2 equivalent reductions of 164,938 tons annually. The completed facility produces 27.4 MWnet and operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

Galowitz, Stephen

2012-12-31

186

Overview of Two Hydrogen Energy Storage Studies: Wind Hydrogen in California and Blending in Natural Gas Pipelines (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation provides an overview of two NREL energy storage studies: Wind Hydrogen in California: Case Study and Blending Hydrogen Into Natural Gas Pipeline Networks: A Review of Key Issues. The presentation summarizes key issues, major model input assumptions, and results.

Melaina, M. W.

2013-05-01

187

Seasonal variability of soil-gas radon concentration in central California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Radon concentrations in soil gas were measured by the track-etch method in 60 shallow holes, each 70 cm deep and supported by a capped plastic tube, along several major faults in central California during 1975-1985. This set of data was analyzed to investigate the seasonal variability of soil-gas radon concentration in an area which has various geological conditions but similar climate. The results show several different patterns of seasonal variations, but all of which can be largely attributed to the water-saturation and moisture-retention characteristics of the shallow part of the soil. During the rainy winter and spring seasons, radon tended to be confined underground by the water-saturated surface soil which had much reduced gas permeability, while during the sunny summer and autumn seasons, it exhaled more readily as the soil became drier and more permeable. At several sites located on creeping faults, the radon-variation patterns changed with time, possibly because of disturbance of site condition by fault movement. ?? 1994.

King, C.-Y.; Minissale, A.

1994-01-01

188

Prediction of central California earthquakes from soil-gas helium fluctuations  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The observations of short-term decreases in helium soil-gas concentrations along the San Andreas Fault in central California have been correlated with subsequent earthquake activity. The area of study is elliptical in shape with radii approximately 160??80 km, centered near San Benito, and with the major axis parallel to the Fault. For 83 percent of the M>4 earthquakes in this area a helium decrease preceded seismic activity by 1.5 to 6.5 weeks. There were several earthquakes without a decrease and several decreases without a corresponding earthquake. Owing to complex and unresolved interaction of many geophysical and geochemical parameters, no suitable model is yet developed to explain the observations. ?? 1985 Birkha??user Verlag.

Reimer, G.M.

1985-01-01

189

Greenhouse gas emissions from alternative water supply processes in southern California, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Burgeoning population centers and declining hydrological resources have encouraged the development of alternative water treatment systems, including desalination and wastewater recycling. These processes currently provide potable water for millions of people and assist in satisfying agricultural and landscaping irrigation demands. There are a variety of alternative water production methods in place, and while they help to reduce the demands placed on aquifers, during their operation they are also significant sources of greenhouse gases. The environmental advantages of these alternative water production methods need to be carefully weighed against their energy footprints and greenhouse gas emissions profiles. This study measured the greenhouse gas emissions of a wastewater treatment and recycling facility in Orange County, California to get a more complete picture of the carbon footprint of the plant. We measured atmospheric emissions of CO2, CH4, and N2O throughout the water recycling process and at various times of the day and week. This allowed us to assemble a thorough, cross-sectional profile of greenhouse gas emissions from the facility. We then compared the measured emissions of the treatment plant to the modeled emissions of desalination plants in order to assess the relative carbon footprints of the two water production methods. Other water supply alternatives, including regional water importation, were also included in the comparison in order to provide a more complete understanding of the potential greenhouse gas emissions. Finally, we assessed the significance of wastewater treatment as an urban greenhouse gas source when compared to other known emissions in the region. This research offers a valuable tool for sustainable urban and regional development by providing planners with a quantified comparison of the carbon footprints of several water production options.

Schneider, A.; Townsend-Small, A.

2012-12-01

190

Simulating greenhouse gas budgets of four California cropping systems under conventional and alternative management.  

PubMed

Despite the importance of agriculture in California's Central Valley, the potential of alternative management practices to reduce soil greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions has been poorly studied in California. This study aims at (1) calibrating and validating DAYCENT, an ecosystem model, for conventional and alternative cropping systems in California's Central Valley, (2) estimating CO2, N2O, and CH4 soil fluxes from these systems, and (3) quantifying the uncertainty around model predictions induced by variability in the input data. The alternative practices considered were cover cropping, organic practices, and conservation tillage. These practices were compared with conventional agricultural management. The crops considered were beans, corn, cotton, safflower, sunflower, tomato, and wheat. Four field sites, for which at least five years of measured data were available, were used to calibrate and validate the DAYCENT model. The model was able to predict 86-94% of the measured variation in crop yields and 69-87% of the measured variation in soil organic carbon (SOC) contents. A Monte Carlo analysis showed that the predicted variability of SOC contents, crop yields, and N2O fluxes was generally smaller than the measured variability of these parameters, in particular for N2O fluxes. Conservation tillage had the smallest potential to reduce GHG emissions among the alternative practices evaluated, with a significant reduction of the net soil GHG fluxes in two of the three sites of 336 +/- 47 and 550 +/- 123 kg CO2-eq x ha(-1) x yr(-1) (mean +/- SE). Cover cropping had a larger potential, with net soil GHG flux reductions of 752 +/- 10, 1072 +/- 272, and 2201 +/- 82 kg CO2-eq x ha(-1) x yr(-1). Organic practices had the greatest potential for soil GHG flux reduction, with 4577 +/- 272 kg CO2-eq x ha(-1) x yr(-1). Annual differences in weather or management conditions contributed more to the variance in annual GHG emissions than soil variability did. We concluded that the DAYCENT model was successful at predicting GHG emissions of different alternative management systems in California, but that a sound error analysis must accompany the predictions to understand the risks and potentials of GHG mitigation through adoption of alternative practices. PMID:21049871

De Gryze, Steven; Wolf, Adam; Kaffka, Stephen R; Mitchell, Jeff; Rolston, Dennis E; Temple, Steven R; Lee, Juhwan; Six, Johan

2010-10-01

191

Long-range forecast of power demands on the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company system. Volume 2. Documentation manual  

SciTech Connect

Detailed documentation for the econometric forecast of peak and electric power demands for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company is presented. It includes all the historical data used to estimate the various models and the FORTRAN code used for the computer programs employed in generating the forecasts. Computer files containing data and instructions for the statistical package used to estimate the econometric equations are also included.

Estomin, S.L.; Schauer, M.

1985-09-01

192

A shipping crate from the 1865 California shipwreck Brother Jonathan: hardware from the Russell and Erwin Manufacturing Company  

E-print Network

of Committee, Donny L. Hamilton Committee Members, C. Wayne Smith David G. Woodcock Head of Department, David L. Carlson May 2006 Major Subject: Anthropology iii ABSTRACT A Shipping Crate from the1865 California Shipwreck Brother... Smith, and David Woodcock for agreeing to help me and assisting me over the years with encouragement. Special thanks to Professor Woodcock who agreed at the last minute to sit on my committee when I was in dire need. All of the professors...

Sowden, Carrie Elizabeth

2006-08-16

193

Observation of CH4 and other Non-CO2 Green House Gas Emissions from California  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2006, California passed the landmark assembly bill AB-32 to reduce California's emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that contribute to global climate change. AB-32 commits California to reduce total GHG emissions to 1990 levels by 2020, a reduction of 25 percent from current levels. To verify that GHG emission reductions are actually taking place, it will be necessary to measure

Marc L. Fischer; Chuanfeng Zhao; William J. Riley; Arlyn C. Andrews

2009-01-01

194

76 FR 19334 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing, Soliciting Motions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electric Company. e. Name of Project: French Meadows Transmission Line Project. f. Location: The French Meadows Transmission Line Project is located...line extending 13.27 miles from PCWA's French Meadows powerhouse switchyard to...

2011-04-07

195

Carbon dioxide and helium emissions from a reservoir of magmatic gas beneath Mammoth Mountain, California  

SciTech Connect

Carbon dioxide and helium with isotopic compositions indicative of a magmatic source ({delta}thinsp{sup 13}C={minus}4.5 to {minus}5{per_thousand}, {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He=4.5 to 6.7 R{sub A}) are discharging at anomalous rates from Mammoth Mountain, on the southwestern rim of the Long Valley caldera in eastern California. The gas is released mainly as diffuse emissions from normal-temperature soils, but some gas issues from steam vents or leaves the mountain dissolved in cold groundwater. The rate of gas discharge increased significantly in 1989 following a 6-month period of persistent earthquake swarms and associated strain and ground deformation that has been attributed to dike emplacement beneath the mountain. An increase in the magmatic component of helium discharging in a steam vent on the north side of Mammoth Mountain, which also began in 1989, has persisted until the present time. Anomalous CO{sub 2} discharge from soils first occurred during the winter of 1990 and was followed by observations of several areas of tree kill and/or heavier than normal needlecast the following summer. Subsequent measurements have confirmed that the tree kills arc associated with CO{sub 2} concentrations of 30{endash}90{percent} in soil gas and gas flow rates of up to 31,000 gthinspm{sup {minus}2}thinspd{sup {minus}1} at the soil surface. Each of the tree-kill areas and one area of CO{sub 2} discharge above tree line occurs in close proximity to one or more normal faults, which may provide conduits for gas flow from depth. We estimate that the total diffuse CO{sub 2} flux from the mountain is approximately 520 t/d, and that 30{endash}50 t/d of CO{sub 2} are dissolved in cold groundwater flowing off the flanks of the mountain. Isotopic and chemical analyses of soil and fumarolic gas demonstrate a remarkable homogeneity in composition, suggesting that the CO{sub 2} and associated helium and excess nitrogen may be derived from a common gas reservoir whose source is associated with some combination of magmatic degassing and thermal metamorphism of metasedimentary rocks. Furthermore, N{sub 2}/Ar ratios and nitrogen isotopic values indicate that the Mammoth Mountain gases are derived from sources separate from those that supply gas to the hydrothermal system within the Long Valley caldera. Various data suggest that the Mammoth Mountain gas reservoir is a large, low-temperature cap over an isolated hydrothermal system, that it predates the 1989 intrusion, and that it could remain a source of gas discharge for some time. {copyright} 1998 American Geophysical Union

Sorey, M.L.; Evans, W.C. [U.S. Geological Survey, Menlo Park, California (United States)] Kennedy, B.M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California (United States)] Farrar, C.D. [U.S. Geological Survey, Carnelian Bay, California (United States)] Hainsworth, L.J. [Chemistry Department, Emory and Henry College, Emory, Virginia (United States)] Hausback, B. [Geology Department, California State University, Sacramento

1998-07-01

196

77 FR 3755 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Application Accepted for Filing, Soliciting Motions...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...on the west slope of the Sierra Nevada on the South Yuba River...Sacramento River watershed in Nevada and Placer Counties, California...comments are due no later than June 13, 2012. Motions to...385.2001 through 385.2005. All comments,...

2012-01-25

197

77 FR 24191 - CenterPoint Energy Gas Transmission Company, LLC; Notice of Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...application pursuant to section 7 of the Natural Gas Act (NGA), as amended, to abandon and...auxiliary facilities. CEGT states that natural gas currently flows through Line B and is compressed at the Tate Island compressor station...

2012-04-23

198

75 FR 31430 - Transcontinental Gas Pipe Line Company, LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Transco's Southwest Louisiana Lateral to allow Transco to receive natural gas and regasified liquefied natural gas (LNG) in Johnsons Bayou, Cameron Parish, Louisiana, under Transco's blanket certificate issued in Docket No....

2010-06-03

199

Forecasted electric power demands for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company. Volume 1 and Volume 2. Documentation manual  

SciTech Connect

The two-volume report presents the results of an econometric forecast of peak load and electric power demand for the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company (BG E) through the year 2009. Separate energy sales models were estimated for residential sales in Baltimore City, residential sales in the BG E service area excluding Baltimore City, commercial sales, industrial sales, streetlighting sales, and Company use plus losses. Econometric equations were also estimated for electric space heating and air conditioning saturation in Baltimore City and in the remainder of the BG E service territory. In addition to the energy sales models and the electric space conditioning saturation models, econometric models of summer and winter peak demand on the BG E system were estimated.

Estomin, S.L.; Beach, J.E.; Goldsmith, J.V.

1991-05-01

200

Analyses of Gas, Steam and Water Samples Collected in and Around Lassen Volcanic National Park, California, 1975-2002  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report contains physical and chemical data from gas, steam, and water samples collected between July 1975 and September 2002 from locations in and around Lassen Volcanic National Park, California. Data are compiled as tables in Excel spreadsheets and are organized by locale. Most data are keyed to 1 of 107 site codes that are shown on local- and regional-scale maps. Brief descriptions of terminology, sampling, and analytical methods are provided.

Janik, Cathy J.; Bergfeld, Deborah

2010-01-01

201

Public health assessment for Stoker Company, Imperial, Imperial County, California, Region 9. Cerclis No. CAD066635442. Preliminary report  

SciTech Connect

Stoker Company is a pesticide dealer and crop dusting loading facility located in the County of Imperial, approximately 25 miles from the Mexican border. The 26-acre site is barren with no vegetation. Operations at the facility, beginning in 1966, have caused the surface soil over much of the site to be contaminated with pesticides. Some of the contaminated surface soil has blown off-site and impacted nearby surface soil and surface water. This preliminary public health assessment evaluated the potential for adverse health effects to occur in five populations identified as being impacted by contaminants. The impacted populations include: (1) on-site workers; (2) the family formerly living on the neighboring D K property; (3) the D K Duck Hunting Club members; (4) individuals using untreated surface water for drinking and/or other domestic purposes; and (5) individuals living or working near crop dusting operations. Based on this assessment, Stoker Company is considered to pose a public health hazard because long-term exposure to site-related contaminants may cause adverse health effects.

Not Available

1994-01-06

202

Health assessment for Thompson-Hayward Chemical Company, Fresno, Fresno County, California, Region 9. CERCLIS No. CAD009106220. Preliminary report  

SciTech Connect

The Thompson-Hayward Chemical Company site is on the National Priorities List. The five-acre site is part of the former location of an agricultural chemical formulation, packaging, and warehousing plant that was in operation from 1942 until 1981. The environmental contamination on-site consists of pesticides, including DDT (3,800 ppm), toxaphene (100 ppm), dieldrin (5 ppm), Dinoseb (1,000 ppm), PCNB (pentachloronitrobenzene), Guthion, DEF (s,s,s-tributylphosphorotrithioate), chlordane, DBCP, chloroform, and 1,2-dichloroethane in ground water. The site is considered to be of potential public health concern because of the risk to human health caused by the possibility of exposure to hazardous substances via contaminated ground water.

Not Available

1988-12-05

203

Outsourcing of common industry data within a major oil and gas exploration company  

SciTech Connect

Enhancing user productivity while reducing internal costs through improved accessibility and virtual elimination of data and software maintenance were the initial goals of this project. We achieved these objectives through the outsourcing of common well and production data with a major vendor. In this paper, we outline the changing internal business operations of a major oil company and its associated vendor relationship. The goals of this project were multifold: provide our users with real-time access to nationwide well and production data, eliminate data and system software maintenance and support, redeploy computer system resources and personnel for use elsewhere within the organization, and continue to provide users with the same level of service at less cost. We established a satisfactory interface between the users and the vendor database by employing existing technology. A mainframe-to-mainframe connection was established by installing a leased line between the two host sites. This allowed both companies to use existing network facilities with minimal modifications to each operating environment. This project was begun successfully in a relatively short time. Due to the success of this project, we are evaluating adding company proprietary data. However, because technology and requirements change, relational delivery of the data within a workstation/server environment can be addressed within this framework.

Hude, C.G. (Amoco Production Company, Houston, TX (United States)); Glover, S. (Petroleum Information Corp., Denver, CO (United States))

1993-09-01

204

75 FR 45109 - Kern River Gas Transmission Company; Notice of Availability of the Final Environmental Impact...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...natural gas pipeline system in Wyoming, Utah, and Nevada, to...receipt points in southwestern Wyoming, to existing delivery connections...compression: The Coyote Creek Compressor Station located in Uinta County, Wyoming; the Elberta...

2010-08-02

205

75 FR 38092 - The Dow Chemical Company; Application for Blanket Authorization To Export Liquefied Natural Gas  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Liquefied Natural Gas AGENCY: Office of Fossil Energy, DOE. ACTION: Notice of application...SUMMARY: The Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy...Global Security and Supply, Office of Fossil Energy, Forrestal Building, Room...

2010-07-01

206

75 FR 32460 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...to construct and operate facilities necessary to deliver natural gas to Bridgeline Holdings L.P. (Bridgeline) in Johnsons Bayou, Cameron Parish, Louisiana, under Natural's blanket certificate issued in Docket No....

2010-06-08

207

75 FR 32460 - Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America LLC; Notice of Request Under Blanket Authorization  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...operate facilities necessary to deliver natural gas to its affiliate, Kinder Morgan Louisiana Pipeline LLC (KMLP) in Johnsons Bayou, Cameron Parish, Louisiana, under Natural's blanket certificate issued in Docket No....

2010-06-08

208

Market entry mode and competency building of Western oil companies in the Russian up stream oil and gas industry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation investigated the market entry and competency building strategies within the context of the Russian oil and gas industry. The study was designed to be of interest to business practitioners and academics given the growing importance of fossil fuel in the energy balance of the global economy and the importance of Russia as a supplier and purchaser in the international market. The study's mixed methodology provides an understanding on the environmental factors that are postulated to impact foreign direct investment flow into Russia and the oil and gas sector. A case study of a fictitiously named Western-Russo oil company was conducted to provide a deep understanding of how capability is viewed by Russian and Western employees and the factors that influences the implementation of a successful competency development program. The case was centered on the development of a Well-Site supervisor group within a Western-Russian oil company. Findings of the study showed that there was no correlation between corruption and foreign direct investment inflow into the Russian economy. The findings also showed that both Russian and Western employees in the oil and gas industry are less focused on nontechnical competency development issues, that Western employees are more orientated towards the bottom-line than Russian employees, and that both groups see operational management as a core competency. In the area of financial management and technology application, there were significant differences in the viewpoint of both groups. Western employees saw a stronger need for financial management and less need for technology application when compared to their Russian counterparts. The results have implications for Western business contemplating entering the Russian oil and gas industry. Western firms need to understand the key drivers that will help them overcome the social and cultural barriers between Western and Russian employees. The role of the company leader is very critical. The vision, passion, and a sense of realism of the person responsible for the market entry strategy will have a significant impact of the future success of the entry.

Stephenson, Paul M.

209

Regulatory reform for natural gas pipelines: The effect on pipeline and distribution company share prices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The natural gas shortages in the 1970s focused considerable attention on the federal government's role in altering energy consumption. For the natural gas industry these shortages eventually led to the passage of the Natural Gas Policy Act (NGPA) in 1978 as part of the National Energy Plan. A series of events in the decade of the 1980s has brought about the restructuring of interstate natural gas pipelines which have been transformed by regulators and the courts from monopolies into competitive entities. This transformation also changed their relationship with their downstream customers, the LDCs, who no longer had to deal with pipelines as the only merchants of gas. Regulatory reform made it possible for LDCs to buy directly from producers using the pipelines only for delivery of their purchases. This study tests for the existence of monopoly rents by analyzing the daily returns of natural gas pipeline and utility industry stock price data from 1982 to 1990, a period of regulatory reform for the natural gas industry. The study's main objective is to investigate the degree of empirical support for claims that regulatory reforms increase profits in the affected industry, as the normative theory of regulation expects, or decrease profits, as advocates of the positive theory of regulation believe. I also test Norton's theory of risk which predicts that systematic risk will increase for firms undergoing deregulation. Based on a sample of twelve natural gas pipelines, and 25 utilities an event study concept was employed to measure the impact of regulatory event announcements on daily natural gas pipeline or utility industry stock price data using a market model regression equation. The results of this study provide some evidence that regulatory reforms did not increase the profits of pipeline firms, confirming the expectations of those who claim that excess profits result from regulation and will disappear, once that protection is removed and the firms are operating in competitive markets. The study's empirical findings support the claims of Norton's risk theory that systematic risk is higher in unregulated firms.

Jurman, Elisabeth Antonie

1997-08-01

210

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-print Network

additional revisions for consistency with the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District (SJVAPCDSTATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY, 2010, the Midway Sunset Cogeneration Company (MSCC) filed a petition with the California Energy

211

75 FR 80685 - Contract Reporting Requirements of Intrastate Natural Gas Companies  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...52\\ See National Fuel Gas, 468 F.3d at 839. \\53\\ See Order No. 735...from May 1, 2011 to June 1, 2011. A print only version of the PDF form is provided...persons an opportunity to view and/or print the contents of this document,...

2010-12-23

212

Digital tabulation of stratigraphic data from oil and gas wells in Cuyama Valley and surrounding areas, central California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Stratigraphic information from 391 oil and gas exploration wells from Cuyama Valley, California, and surrounding areas are herein compiled in digital form from reports that were released originally in paper form. The Cuyama Basin is located within the southeasternmost part of the Coast Ranges and north of the western Transverse Ranges, west of the San Andreas fault. Knowledge of the location and elevation of stratigraphic tops of formations throughout the basin is a first step toward understanding depositional trends and the structural evolution of the basin through time, and helps in understanding the slip history and partitioning of slip on San Andreas and related faults.

Sweetkind, Donald S.; Bova, Shiera C.; Langenheim, Victoria E.; Shumaker, Lauren E.; Scheirer, Daniel S.

2013-01-01

213

Guidelines for Company Reporting on Greenhouse Gas Emissions Annexes updated July 2005  

E-print Network

supplied to you as a non-domestic electricity consumer. #12;Annex 2 - Combined Heat and Power ­ Imports year Units x kg CO2 per unit Total kg CO2 Grid Electricity1 kWh x 0.43 Natural Gas kWh x 0.19 therms x used in sources other than power stations and domestic, i.e. industry sources including collieries

214

Natural Gas Variability In California: Environmental Impacts And Device Performance Combustion Modeling of Pollutant Emissions From a Residential Cooking Range  

SciTech Connect

As part of a larger study of liquefied natural gas impacts on device performance and pollutant emissions for existing equipment in California, this report describes a cmoputer modeling study of a partially premixed flame issueing from a single cooktop burner port. The model consisted of a reactive computational fluid dynamics three-dimensional spatial grid and a 71-species chemical mechanism with propane combustion capability. Simulations were conducted with a simplified fuel mixture containing methane, ethane, and propane in proportions that yield properties similar to fuels distributed throughout much of California now and in recent years (baseline fuel), as well as with two variations of simulated liquefied natural gas blends. A variety of simulations were conducted with baseline fuel to explore the effect of several key parameters on pollutant formation and other flame characteristics. Simulations started with fuel and air issuing through the burner port, igniting, and continuing until the flame was steady with time. Conditions at this point were analyzed to understand fuel, secondary air and reaction product flows, regions of pollutant formation, and exhaust concentrations of carbon monoxide, nitric oxide and formaldehyde. A sensitivity study was conducted, varying the inflow parameters of this baseline gs about real-world operating conditions. Flame properties responded as expected from reactive flow theory. In the simulation, carbon monoxide levels were influenced more by the mixture's inflow velocity than by the gas-to-air ratio in the mixture issuing from the inflow port. Additional simulations were executed at two inflow conditions - high heat release and medium heat release - to examine the impact of replacing the baseline gas with two mixtures representative of liquefied natural gas. Flame properties and pollutant generation rates were very similar among the three fuel mixtures.

Tonse, S. R.; Singer, B. C.

2011-07-01

215

Executive Summary -- assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources of the San Joaquin Basin Province of California, 2003: Chapter 1 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In 2003, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) completed an assessment of the oil and gas resource potential of the San Joaquin Basin Province of California (fig. 1.1). The assessment is based on the geologic elements of each Total Petroleum System defined in the province, including hydrocarbon source rocks (source-rock type and maturation and hydrocarbon generation and migration), reservoir rocks (sequence stratigraphy and petrophysical properties), and hydrocarbon traps (trap formation and timing). Using this geologic framework, the USGS defined five total petroleum systems and ten assessment units within these systems. Undiscovered oil and gas resources were quantitatively estimated for the ten assessment units (table 1.1). In addition, the potential was estimated for further growth of reserves in existing oil fields of the San Joaquin Basin.

Gautier, Donald L.; Scheirer, Allegra Hosford; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Peters, Kenneth E.; Magoon, Leslie B.; Lillis, Paul G.; Charpentier, Ronald R.; Cook, Troy A.; French, Christopher D.; Klett, Timothy R.; Pollastro, Richard M.; Schenk, Christopher J.

2007-01-01

216

CALIFORNIA STATEWIDE RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCE  

E-print Network

) that was performed on the RASS data. Results are provided for both electric and natural gas end uses. 4. Fuel Shares. Gas continued to be the predominant space heating and water heating fuel in the California marketplace: California Energy Commission Contract Manager: Glen Sharp Sponsors: Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) San Diego

217

The development of environmental sensitivity map within the Indonesian state oil and gas company  

SciTech Connect

The Petroleum Industry has been one of the backbone of the Indonesian Economic Development since the first Five Year Development Plan (1969/1970 - 1974/1975). Its contribution to Gross National Product (GNP) ranges from 40 to 70 percent. In addition, this industry has substantially generated foreign exchange earnings through Oil and Gas exports. In spite of these positive contributions, without proper management, the petroleum industry an generate a negative impact on physical surroundings, habitat disruption and the social environment. The sources may come from operational activities (e.g., discharged of produced water) and accidents, such as tanker collisions, or well blow outs. A major constraint in managing adverse environmental impact is the unavailability of an integrated information system covering the potential risk of environmental degradations, which is impacted by oil industry activities. It is obvious that operators, who are responsible for assessing the impact of an oil spill or providing oil spill combating assistance, consistent with the oil spill contingency plan strategy, require specific tools and relevant information, such as, environmental sensitivity mapping. This paper represents the results from a recent pilot project carried out by PERTAMINA, on the study of environmental sensitivity mapping associated with construction and commissioning of PERTAMINA new Refinery at Balongan (Indramayu County, West Java Province). The objective of this study is to identify the coastal resources that have ecosystem sensitivity to oil spills and other discharges from oil and gas industry activities. This study was achieved through the integration of data collecting, the use of a simulation database and GIS (Geographical Information System). It is expected that this pilot project will be used as a model for other relevant PERTAMINA activities in the coastal area.

Putri, E.T.

1996-11-01

218

Last Updated: 05.30.2013 Part I: California Uses for Natural Gas  

E-print Network

is an indication of the effectiveness of energy efficiency programs and standards. Annual per capita demand widely used energy source in California. Depending on yearly conditions, 40 to 45 percent of the total, while the rest is used for everything from space heating to fuel for bus fleets. Table 1 shows the 2012

219

Cellulosic ethanol from municipal solid waste: a case study of the economic, energy, and greenhouse gas impacts in California.  

PubMed

As cellulosic ethanol technologies advance, states could use the organic content of municipal solid waste as a transportation fuel feedstock and simultaneously reduce externalities associated with waste disposal. We examine the major processes required to support a lignocellulosic (employing enzymatic hydrolysis) municipal solid waste-to-ethanol infrastructure computing cost, energy, and greenhouse gas effects for California. The infrastructure is compared against the Business As Usual case where the state continues to import most of its ethanol needs from the Midwest. Assuming between 60% and 90% practical yields for ethanol production, California could produce between 1.0 and 1.5 billion gallons per year of ethanol from 55% of the 40 million metric tonnes of waste currently sent to landfills annually. The classification of organic wastes and ethanol plant operation represent almost the entire system cost (between $3.5 and $4.5 billion annually) while distribution has negligible cost effects and savings from avoided landfilling is small. Fossil energy consumption from Business As Usual decreases between 82 and 130 PJ largely due to foregone gasoline consumption. The net greenhouse gas impacts are ultimately dependent on how well landfills control their emissions of decomposing organics. Based on the current landfill mix in the state, the cellulosic infrastructure would experience a slight gain in greenhouse gas emissions. However, net emissions can rise if organics diversion releases carbon that would otherwise be flared and sequestered. Emissions would be avoided if landfills are not capable of effectively controlling emissions during periods of active waste decay. There is currently considerable uncertainty surrounding the recovery efficiency of landfill emissions controls. In either case, burying lignin appears to be better than burning lignin because of its decay properties, energy and carbon content We estimate the breakeven price for lignocellulosic ethanol between $2.90 and $3.47/gal (mu = $3.13/gal). PMID:19708339

Chester, Mikhail; Martin, Elliot

2009-07-15

220

Evaluation of metrics and baselines for tracking greenhouse gas emissions trends: Recommendations for the California climate action registry  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary: The California Climate Action Registry, which was initially established in 2000 and began operation in Fall 2002, is a voluntary registry for recording annual greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The purpose of the Registry is to assist California businesses and organizations in their efforts to inventory and document emissions in order to establish a baseline and to document early actions to increase energy efficiency and decrease GHG emissions. The State of California has committed to use its ''best efforts'' to ensure that entities that establish GHG emissions baselines and register their emissions will receive ''appropriate consideration under any future international, federal, or state regulatory scheme relating to greenhouse gas emissions.'' Reporting of GHG emissions involves documentation of both ''direct'' emissions from sources that are under the entity's control and indirect emissions controlled by others. Electricity generated by an off-site power source is consider ed to be an indirect GHG emission and is required to be included in the entity's report. Registry participants include businesses, non-profit organizations, municipalities, state agencies, and other entities. Participants are required to register the GHG emissions of all operations in California, and are encouraged to report nationwide. For the first three years of participation, the Registry only requires the reporting of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, although participants are encouraged to report the remaining five Kyoto Protocol GHGs (CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, and SF6). After three years, reporting of all six Kyoto GHG emissions is required. The enabling legislation for the Registry (SB 527) requires total GHG emissions to be registered and requires reporting of ''industry-specific metrics'' once such metrics have been adopted by the Registry. The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) was asked to provide technical assistance to the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission) related to the Registry in three areas: (1) assessing the availability and usefulness of industry-specific metrics, (2) evaluating various methods for establishing baselines for calculating GHG emissions reductions related to specific actions taken by Registry participants, and (3) establishing methods for calculating electricity CO2 emission factors. The third area of research was completed in 2002 and is documented in Estimating Carbon Dioxide Emissions Factors for the California Electric Power Sector (Marnay et al., 2002). This report documents our findings related to the first areas of research. For the first area of research, the overall objective was to evaluate the metrics, such as emissions per economic unit or emissions per unit of production that can be used to report GHG emissions trends for potential Registry participants. This research began with an effort to identify methodologies, benchmarking programs, inventories, protocols, and registries that u se industry-specific metrics to track trends in energy use or GHG emissions in order to determine what types of metrics have already been developed. The next step in developing industry-specific metrics was to assess the availability of data needed to determine metric development priorities. Berkeley Lab also determined the relative importance of different potential Registry participant categories in order to asses s the availability of sectoral or industry-specific metrics and then identified industry-specific metrics in use around the world. While a plethora of metrics was identified, no one metric that adequately tracks trends in GHG emissions while maintaining confidentiality of data was identified. As a result of this review, Berkeley Lab recommends the development of a GHG intensity index as a new metric for reporting and tracking GHG emissions trends.Such an index could provide an industry-specific metric for reporting and tracking GHG emissions trends to accurately reflect year to year changes while protecting proprietary data. This GHG intensity index changes

Price, Lynn; Murtishaw, Scott; Worrell, Ernst

2003-06-01

221

Final environmental impact report. Part I. Pacific Gas and Electric Company Geysers Unit 16, Geothermal Power Plant, Lake County, California  

SciTech Connect

The environmental analysis includes the following: geology, soils, hydrology, water quality, vegetation, wildlife, air resources, health and safety, noise, waste management, cultural resources, land use, aesthetics, socioeconomics, public services, transportation, and energy and material resources. Also included are: the project description, a summary of environmental consequences, and alternatives to the proposed action. (MHR)

Not Available

1981-03-01

222

Performance Evaluation of a Drilling Project in Oil and Gas Service Company in Indonesia by MACBETH Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Decision-making in a project is a complex undertaking. A project is a temporary organization that is surrounded by inherent uncertainties. Uncertainties that may occur in the project, among others, are the uncertainty of the time, cost, and quality. To overcome this complexity, we need a project performance evaluation. At one of the services the oil and gas in Indonesia, the performance evaluation has been done, but it is done separately and only few criteria are evaluated, so that the overall project performance is still not visible. Therefore it is necessary to evaluate the performance of the company's project with the MCDA (Multi Criteria Decision Analysis) approach using MACBETH (Measuring Attractiveness by a Categorical Based Evaluation Technique) method that can model the elements of the project into a supervisory level group to facilitate decision making by the project manager. These measurements will produce levels of monitoring classification of project element groups, i.e. absolute vigilance, strong attention, close surveillance, and normal monitoring of the project elements. This research finds that the criteria of Effectiveness, Efficiency, Time, Cost, and Complete Reports & Field Tickets require absolute vigilance so that the performance criteria can be increased.

Dachyar, M.; Rhezza Pratama, Novandra

2014-04-01

223

Determining marginal electricity for near-term plug-in and fuel cell vehicle demands in California: Impacts on vehicle greenhouse gas emissions  

Microsoft Academic Search

California has taken steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. One example is the recent adoption of the Low Carbon Fuel Standard, which aims to reduce the carbon intensity of transportation fuels. To effectively implement this and similar policies, it is necessary to understand well-to-wheels emissions associated with distinct vehicle and fuel platforms, including those using electricity.

Ryan McCarthy; Christopher Yang

2010-01-01

224

4. Historic American Buildings Survey American Trust Company File CalPictures ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic American Buildings Survey American Trust Company File Cal-Pictures June 1959 CALIFORNIA STREET ELEVATION - Bank Building, California & Liedesdorff Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

225

World oil and gas exploration trends: A comparative study of national and U. S. private oil companies  

SciTech Connect

This study hypothesizes that private oil companies and state-owned, national oil companies (NOCs) have different objectives and priorities and thus that different behavioral models are needed to explain changes over time in the level of exploration by these two groups of companies. More specifically, exploration by private companies is expected to be more sensitive to changing oil prices than exploration by NOCs. The study develops three different sets of expected determinants of change over time in the level of exploration (for private companies, and two groups of NOCs-oil importers and non-OPEC oil exporters). In the private-sector model, exploration is driven by expected determinants of profitability, such as oil prices and exploration costs. The NOC models also include national-priority variables, such as import dependency. The study then tests these behavioral models by specifying and estimating econometric models for the period 1970-1988 for 11 companies from the three company groups. Three econometric models are used: static, Koyck distributed lag, and Almon polynomial distributed lag models. The study concludes on the basis of three comparisons that different behavioral models are needed to understand changes in the level of exploration by private companies and NOCs. First, the private-sector model is estimated for all companies. For private companies, the private-sector model works well, whereas for the NOCs it does not, presumably because important determinants of NOC exploration are excluded from the model. Second, when these excluded variables are included in the specification, regression results for the NOCs improve significantly. Third, the private companies have higher elasticities of exploration in both the short run and long run than the NOCs.

Ghouri, S.S.K.

1991-01-01

226

NATURAL GAS VARIABILITY IN CALIFORNIA: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND DEVICE PERFORMANCE EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF POLLUTANT EMISSIONS FROM RESIDENTIAL APPLIANCES  

SciTech Connect

The effect of liquefied natural gas on pollutant emissions was evaluated experimentally with used and new appliances in the laboratory and with appliances installed in residences, targeting information gaps from previous studies. Burner selection targeted available technologies that are projected to comprise the majority of installed appliances over the next decade. Experiments were conducted on 13 cooktop sets, 12 ovens, 5 broiler burners, 5 storage water heaters, 4 forced air furnaces, 1 wall furnace, and 6 tankless water heaters. Air-free concentrations and fuel-based emission factors were determined for carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, nitrogen dioxide, and the number of (predominantly ultrafine) particles over complete burns?including transient effects (device warm-up and intermittent firing of burners) following ignition--and during more stable end-of-burn conditions. Formaldehyde was measured over multi-burn cycles. The baseline fuel was Northern California line gas with Wobbe number (a measure of fuel energy delivery rate) of 1320-1340; test fuels had Wobbe numbers of roughly 1390 and 1420, and in some cases 1360. No ignition or operational problems were observed during test fuel use. Baseline emissions varied widely across and within burner groups and with burner operational mode. Statistically significant emissions changes were observed for some pollutants on some burners.

Singer, Brett C.; Apte, Michael G.; Black, Douglas R.; Hotchi, Toshifumi; Lucas, Donald; Lunden, Melissa M.; Mirer, Anna G.; Spears, Michael; Sullivan, Douglas P.

2009-12-01

227

Evaluating options for balancing the water-electricity nexus in California: Part 2-Greenhouse gas and renewable energy utilization impacts.  

PubMed

A study was conducted to compare the technical potential and effectiveness of different water supply options for securing water availability in a large-scale, interconnected water supply system under historical and climate-change augmented inflow and demand conditions. Part 2 of the study focused on determining the greenhouse gas and renewable energy utilization impacts of different pathways to stabilize major surface reservoir levels. Using a detailed electric grid model and taking into account impacts on the operation of the water supply infrastructure, the greenhouse gas emissions and effect on overall grid renewable penetration level was calculated for each water supply option portfolio that successfully secured water availability from Part 1. The effects on the energy signature of water supply infrastructure were found to be just as important as that of the fundamental processes for each option. Under historical (baseline) conditions, many option portfolios were capable of securing surface reservoir levels with a net neutral or negative effect on emissions and a benefit for renewable energy utilization. Under climate change augmented conditions, however, careful selection of the water supply option portfolio was required to prevent imposing major emissions increases for the system. Overall, this analysis provided quantitative insight into the tradeoffs associated with choosing different pathways for securing California's water supply. PMID:25087186

Tarroja, Brian; AghaKouchak, Amir; Sobhani, Reza; Feldman, David; Jiang, Sunny; Samuelsen, Scott

2014-11-01

228

Electric Vehicle Charging and the California Power Sector: Evaluating the Effect of Location and Time on Greenhouse Gas Emissions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This thesis explores the implications of the increased adoption of plug-in electric vehicles in California through its effect on the operation of the state's electric grid. The well-to-wheels emissions associated with driving an electric vehicle depend on the resource mix of the electricity grid used to charge the battery. We present a new least-cost dispatch model, EDGE-NET, for the California electricity grid consisting of interconnected sub-regions that encompass the six largest state utilities that can be used to evaluate the impact of growing electric vehicle demand on existing power grid infrastructure system and energy resources. This model considers spatiality and temporal dynamics of energy demand and supply when determining the regional impacts of additional charging profiles on the current electricity network. Model simulation runs for one year show generation and transmission congestion to be reasonable similar to historical data. Model simulation results show that average emissions and system costs associated with electricity generation vary significantly by time of day, season, and location. Marginal cost and emissions also exhibit seasonal and diurnal differences, but show less spatial variation. Sensitivity of demand analysis shows that the relative changes to average emissions and system costs respond asymmetrically to increases and decreases in electricity demand. These results depend on grid mix at the time and the marginal power plant type. In minimizing total system cost, the model will choose to dispatch the lowest-cost resource to meet additional vehicle demand, regardless of location, as long as transmission capacity is available. Location of electric vehicle charging has a small effect on the marginal greenhouse gas emissions associated with additional generation, due to electricity losses in the transmission grid. We use a geographically explicit, charging assessment model for California to develop and compare the effects of two charging profiles. Comparison of these two basic scenarios points to savings in greenhouse gas emissions savings and operational costs from delayed charging of electric vehicles. Vehicle charging simulations confirm that plug-in electric vehicles alone are unlikely to require additional generation or transmission infrastructure. EDGE-NET was successfully benchmarked against historical data for the present grid but additional work is required to expand the model for future scenario evaluation. We discuss how the model might be adapted for high penetrations of variable renewable energy resources, and the use of grid storage. Renewable resources such as wind and solar vary in California vary significantly by time-of-day, season, and location. However, combination of multiple resources from different geographic regions through transmission grid interconnection is expected to help mitigate the impacts of variability. EDGE-NET can evaluate interaction of supply and demand through the existing transmission infrastructure and can identify any critical network bottlenecks or areas for expansion. For this reason, EDGE-NET will be an important tool to evaluate energy policy scenarios.

Sohnen, Julia Meagher

229

Anthem Blue Cross/Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company (P-NP) 6/13/2011 University of California  

E-print Network

Anthem Blue Cross/Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company (P-NP) 6/13/2011 University that all sections of the claim form are completed and mail to: Anthem Blue Cross Prescription Drug Program

Kammen, Daniel M.

230

Seasonal greenhouse gas emissions (methane, carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide) from engineered landfills: daily, intermediate, and final California cover soils.  

PubMed

Compared with natural ecosystems and managed agricultural systems, engineered landfills represent a highly managed soil system for which there has been no systematic quantification of emissions from coexisting daily, intermediate, and final cover materials. We quantified the seasonal variability of CH, CO, and NO emissions from fresh refuse (no cover) and daily, intermediate, and final cover materials at northern and southern California landfill sites with engineered gas extraction systems. Fresh refuse fluxes (g m d [ SD]) averaged CH 0.053 ( 0.03), CO 135 ( 117), and NO 0.063 ( 0.059). Average CH emissions across all cover types and wet/dry seasons ranged over more than four orders of magnitude (<0.01-100 g m d) with most cover types, including both final covers, averaging <0.1 g m d with 10 to 40% of surface areas characterized by negative fluxes (uptake of atmospheric CH). The northern California intermediate cover (50 cm) had the highest CH fluxes. For both the intermediate (50-100 cm) and final (>200 cm) cover materials, below which methanogenesis was well established, the variability in gaseous fluxes was attributable to cover thickness, texture, density, and seasonally variable soil moisture and temperature at suboptimal conditions for CH oxidation. Thin daily covers (30 cm local soil) and fresh refuse generally had the highest CO and NO fluxes, indicating rapid onset of aerobic and semi-aerobic processes in recently buried refuse, with rates similar to soil ecosystems and windrow composting of organic waste. This study has emphasized the need for more systematic field quantification of seasonal emissions from multiple types of engineered covers. PMID:21546687

Bogner, Jean E; Spokas, Kurt A; Chanton, Jeffrey P

2011-01-01

231

Gas and Isotope Geochemistry of 81 Steam Samples from Wells in The Geysers Geothermal Field, Sonoma and Lake Counties, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Geysers geothermal field in northern California, with about 2000-MW electrical capacity, is the largest geothermal field in the world. Despite its importance as a resource and as an example of a vapor-dominated reservoir, very few complete geochemical analyses of the steam have been published (Allen and Day, 1927; Truesdell and others, 1987). This report presents data from 90 steam, gas, and condensate samples from wells in The Geysers geothermal field in northern California. Samples were collected between 1978 and 1991. Well attributes include sampling date, well name, location, total depth, and the wellhead temperature and pressure at which the sample was collected. Geochemical characteristics include the steam/gas ratio, composition of noncondensable gas (relative proportions of CO2, H2S, He, H2, O2, Ar, N2, CH4, and NH3), and isotopic values for deltaD and delta18O of H2O, delta13C of CO2, and delta34S of H2S. The compilation includes 81 analyses from 74 different production wells, 9 isotopic analyses of steam condensate pumped into injection wells, and 5 complete geochemical analyses on gases from surface fumaroles and bubbling pools. Most samples were collected as saturated steam and plot along the liquid-water/steam boiling curve. Steam-togas ratios are highest in the southeastern part of the geothermal field and lowest in the northwest, consistent with other studies. Wells in the Northwest Geysers are also enriched in N2/Ar, CO2 and CH4, deltaD, and delta18O. Well discharges from the Southeast Geysers are high in steam/gas and have isotopic compositions and N2/Ar ratios consistent with recharge by local meteoric waters. Samples from the Central Geysers show characteristics found in both the Southeast and Northwest Geysers. Gas and steam characteristics of well discharges from the Northwest Geysers are consistent with input of components from a high-temperature reservoir containing carbonrich gases derived from the host Franciscan rocks. Throughout the geothermal field, the carbon-isotopic composition of CO2 is consistent with derivation of carbon from Franciscan metasedimentary rocks. NH3 concentrations are high in most Geysers well fluids, and are 2-3 orders of magnitude greater than would be expected in a the gas phase exhibiting homogeneous equilibrium at normal reservoir temperatures and pressures. Evidently, NH3 is flushed from the Franciscan host rocks at a rate that exceeds the reaction rate for NH3 breakdown. Many wells show clear influence by fluids from reinjection wells where steam condensate has been pumped back into the geothermal reservoir. Six wells were resampled over the time period of this study. One of these six wells was strongly affected by a nearby injection well. Three of the six resampled wells showed some signs of decreasing liquid/ steam within the geothermal reservoir, consistent with 'drying out' of the reservoir due to steam withdrawal. However, two wells exhibited little change. Analyses of gases from five surface manifestations (fumaroles and bubbling pools) are roughly similar to the deeper geothermal samples in both chemical and isotopic composition, but are lower in soluble gases that dissolve in groundwater during transit toward the surface.

Lowenstern, Jacob B.; Janik, Cathy J.; Fahlquist, Lynne; Johnson, Linda S.

1999-01-01

232

76 FR 13174 - Pacific Gas and Electric Company; Notice of Application Tendered for Filing With the Commission...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Electric Company. e. Name of Project: French Meadows Transmission Line Project. f. Location: The French Meadows Transmission Line Project is located...line extending 13.27 miles from PCWA's French Meadows powerhouse switchyard to...

2011-03-10

233

GREENHOUSE GAS (GHG) VERIFICATION GUIDELINE SERIES: ANR Pipeline Company PARAMETRIC EMISSIONS MONITORING SYSTEM (PEMS) VERSION 1.0  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Technology Verification report discusses the technology and performance of the Parametric Emissions Monitoring System (PEMS) manufactured by ANR Pipeline Company, a subsidiary of Coastal Corporation, now El Paso Corporation. The PEMS predicts carbon doixide (CO2...

234

Geology of the undeveloped oil and gas fields of Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin, California  

SciTech Connect

Two prominent subsurface structural features of the Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin are the Hosgri fault system and the associated anticlinal fold trend. Exploratory drilling and 3D seismic mapping have delineated a series of oil and gas fields along this trend which underlie four federal units and one non-unitized lease. The units are named after local geography and are called the Lion Rock, Point Sal, Purisima Point and Santa Maria Units. The individual lease, OCS P-0409, overlies the San Miguel field. The Hosgri fault system trends northwest-southeast and effectively forms the eastern boundary of the oil and gas province. Lying semi-parallel with the fault are several anticlinal culminations which have trapped large volumes of oil and gas in the fractured Montery Formation. The Monterey is both source and reservoir rock, averaging 300 meters n thickness throughout the Central Basin. Development of the Monterey Formation as a reservoir rock was through diagensis and tectonism with resulting porosities-from 15 to 20% and permeability up to one Darcy. These parameters coupled with a high geothermal gradient facilitate the inflow rates of the viscous Monterey oil. Some 24 exploration and delineation wells have been drilled in this area and tested at rates ranging from a few hundred to several thousand barrels per day. Estimated oil reserves in the Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin total approximately 1 billion barrels.

Milton, J.D. (CalResources LLC, Bakersfield, CA (United States)); Edwards, E.B. ( Ogle Heck, Carpinteria, CA (United States)); Heck, R.G. (Ogle Heck, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)) (and others)

1996-01-01

235

Geology of the undeveloped oil and gas fields of Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin, California  

SciTech Connect

Two prominent subsurface structural features of the Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin are the Hosgri fault system and the associated anticlinal fold trend. Exploratory drilling and 3D seismic mapping have delineated a series of oil and gas fields along this trend which underlie four federal units and one non-unitized lease. The units are named after local geography and are called the Lion Rock, Point Sal, Purisima Point and Santa Maria Units. The individual lease, OCS P-0409, overlies the San Miguel field. The Hosgri fault system trends northwest-southeast and effectively forms the eastern boundary of the oil and gas province. Lying semi-parallel with the fault are several anticlinal culminations which have trapped large volumes of oil and gas in the fractured Montery Formation. The Monterey is both source and reservoir rock, averaging 300 meters n thickness throughout the Central Basin. Development of the Monterey Formation as a reservoir rock was through diagensis and tectonism with resulting porosities-from 15 to 20% and permeability up to one Darcy. These parameters coupled with a high geothermal gradient facilitate the inflow rates of the viscous Monterey oil. Some 24 exploration and delineation wells have been drilled in this area and tested at rates ranging from a few hundred to several thousand barrels per day. Estimated oil reserves in the Central Offshore Santa Maria Basin total approximately 1 billion barrels.

Milton, J.D. [CalResources LLC, Bakersfield, CA (United States); Edwards, E.B. [ Ogle & Heck, Carpinteria, CA (United States); Heck, R.G. [Ogle & Heck, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)] [and others

1996-12-31

236

Comments on Potential Geologic and Seismic Hazards Affecting Proposed Liquefied Natural Gas Site in Santa Monica Bay, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

In a letter to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) dated March 25, 2008, Representative Jane Harman (California 36th district) requested advice on geologic hazards that should be considered in the review of a proposed liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility off the California coast in Santa Monica Bay. In 2004, the USGS responded to a similar request from Representative Lois Capps, regarding two proposed LNG facilities offshore Ventura County, Calif., with a report summarizing potential geologic and seismic hazards (Ross and others, 2004). The proposed LNG Deepwater Port (DWP) facility includes single point moorings (SPMs) and 35 miles of underwater pipelines. The DWP submersible buoys, manifolds, and risers would be situated on the floor of the southern Santa Monica Basin, in 3,000 feet of water, about 23 miles offshore of the Palos Verdes Peninsula. Twin 24-inch diameter pipelines would extend northeastward from the buoys across the basin floor, up the basin slope and across the continental shelf, skirting north around the Santa Monica submarine canyon. Figure 1 provides locations of the project and geologic features. Acronyms are defined in table 1. This facility is being proposed in a region of known geologic hazards that arise from both the potential for strong earthquakes and geologic processes related to sediment transport and accumulation in the offshore environment. The probability of a damaging earthquake (considered here as magnitude 6.5 or greater) in the next 30 years within about 30 miles (50 km) of the proposed pipeline ranges from 16% at the pipeline's offshore end to 48% where it nears land (Petersen, 2008). Earthquakes of this magnitude are capable of producing strong shaking, surface fault offsets, liquefaction phenomena, landslides, underwater turbidity currents and debris flow avalanches, and tsunamis. As part of the DWP license application for the Woodside Natural Gas proposal in Santa Monica Bay (known as the OceanWay Secure Energy Project), Fugro West, Inc., had already prepared a document discussing geologic hazards in the area, titled 'Exhibit B Topic Report 6 - Geological Resources' (Fugro West, Inc., 2007); hereafter, this will be called the 'Geological Resources document'. The USGS agreed to evaluate the information in the Geological Resources document regarding (1) proximity of active faults to the proposed project, (2) potential magnitude of seismic events from nearby faults, (3) thoroughness of the assessment of earthquake hazards in general, (4) potential hazards from ground rupture and strong shaking, (5) potential hazards from tsunamis, and (6) other geologic hazards including landslides and debris flows. Because two new earthquake probability reports were scheduled to be released in mid-April, 2008, by the USGS and the California Geological Survey (CGS), the USGS suggested a 6-month review period to enable a thorough incorporation of this new information. Twenty-seven scientists from the USGS and the CGS reviewed various sections of the Geological Resources document. This report outlines our major conclusions. The appendix is a longer list of comments by these reviewers, grouped by section of the Geological Resources document. Before discussing our reviews, we first provide a brief overview of geologic hazards in the proposed site area. This report is a snapshot in time and any future work in the area will need to take into account ongoing research efforts. For example, USGS scientists collected seismic reflection data in the spring of 2008 to study the structure and seismic potential of several faults in the area. Their interpretations (Conrad and others, 2008a and 2008b) are too preliminary to be included in this report, but their final results, along with other researchers' studies in the project area, should be considered in any future work on the Deepwater Port project.

Ross, Stephanie L.; Lee, Homa J.; Parsons, Tom E.; Beyer, Larry A.; Boore, David M.; Conrad, James E.; Edwards, Brian D.; Fisher, Michael A.; Frankel, Arthur D.; Geist, Eric L.; Hudnut, Kenneth W.; Hough, Susan E.; Kayen, Robert E.; Lorenson, Thomas D.; Luco, Nicolas; McCrory, Patricia A.; McGann, Mary L.; Nathenson, Manuel; Nolan, Michael; Petersen, Mark D.; Ponti, Daniel J.; Powell, Charles L.; Ryan, Holly F.; Tinsley, John C.; Wills, Chris J.; Wong, Florence L.; Xu, Jingping

2008-01-01

237

18 CFR 260.9 - Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service interruptions and damage to facilities.  

...than liquefied natural gas facilities caused by a hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity that results...liquefied natural gas facilities by reason other than hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity, the...

2014-04-01

238

18 CFR 260.9 - Reports by natural gas pipeline companies on service interruptions and damage to facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...than liquefied natural gas facilities caused by a hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity that results...liquefied natural gas facilities by reason other than hurricane, earthquake or other natural disaster or terrorist activity, the...

2011-04-01

239

76 FR 34692 - Astoria Generating Company, L.P., NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC, Oswego...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC,...

2011-06-14

240

76 FR 36910 - Astoria Generating Company, L.P., NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC, Oswego...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power [[Page 36911

2011-06-23

241

76 FR 36914 - Astoria Generating Company, L.P., NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC, Oswego...NRG Power Marketing LLC, Arthur Kill Power LLC, Astoria Gas Turbine Power LLC, Dunkirk Power LLC, Huntley Power LLC,...

2011-06-23

242

Surveillance study of health effects associated with cleanup of a hazardous waste site, Ralph Gray Trucking Company (a/k/a Westminster Tract Number 2633), Westminster, Orange County, California, Region 9: CERCLIS number CAD981995947  

SciTech Connect

Excavation of a Superfund site, the Ralph Gray Truncking Company located in Westminster Orange County, California was anticipated to release sulfur dioxide and other chemicals. The California Department of Health Services, under cooperative agreement with the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, conducted a surveillance study to assess whether illnesses were associated with cleanup activities. A panel primarily composed of more sensitive persons (n = 36) was selected to report daily respiratory symptoms and odors. Exposures included sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}) measurements and daily tonnage of waste removed. Analysis used Conditional Likelihood Regression and Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) methods. Levels of SO{sub 2} were generally higher than usual ambient air, at times exceeding levels which can cause health effects among asthmatics in laboratory settings. Wheeze and cough were significantly associated with tonnage of waste removed, especially on days when the highest amounts of waste were removed. Upper respiratory symptoms were found to be associated with SO{sub 2}, and weak relationships were found with nausea and burning nose and SO{sub 2}.

Hoshiko, S.; Underwood, M.C.; Smith, D.; DeLorenze, G.; Neuhaus, J.

1999-04-01

243

Anthem Blue Cross/Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company (P-NP) 5/18/2012 Page 1 University of California  

E-print Network

Anthem Blue Cross/Anthem Blue Cross Life and Health Insurance Company (P-NP) 5/18/2012 Page 1 services in detail. Getting a Prescription Filled at an Anthem Blue Cross Participating Pharmacy To get the relation between drug type and your copay amount at Anthem Blue Cross participating pharmacies: FDA

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

244

Water Quality Criteria: For Selected Parameters in the Receiving Waters Suisun Bay, California, in the Vicinity of the Waste Discharge of the Phillips Petroleum Company, Avon Refinery, Contra Costa County, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The water quality criteria recommended and given in the report for the receiving waters of Suisun Bay, in the vicinity of the waste discharge of the Avon Refinery, Phillips Petroleum Company, are the result of extensive consultation. The material is a pre...

1966-01-01

245

Helium isotope and gas discharge variations associated with crustal unrest in Long Valley caldera, California, 1989-1992  

SciTech Connect

The onset of anomalous seismic activity in 1989 beneath Mammoth Mountain on the southwestern rim of the Long Valley caldera, California, was followed within {approximately}4 months by a large increase in {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He in vapor discharged from a fumarole on the north side of the mountain. The helium isotopic ratio at this vent rose to a maximum of 6.7 R{sub A} in July 1990 and subsequently declined to values near 5 R{sub A}. Potential sources of the {sup 3}He-rich vapors include degassing of fresh magma, degassing from fresh surfaces generated in newly fractured igneous rocks, and volatile release from a {sup 3}He-rich gas chamber situated above previously emplaced intrusives. The magnitude of the increase in helium isotopic composition (from 3.8 to 6.7 R{sub A}), the persistence of relatively high values (>5 R{sub A}) over a period of 3 years, the increase in the flux of total He relative to gases in air-saturated water, and the increases in the rates of discharge of steam and gas from this fumarole indicate that magmatic intrusion did in fact begin in 1989 beneath Mammoth Mountain. Seismic activity and limited measurements of extensional deformation at the surface suggest that the depth of intrusion may be as shallow as 2 km, consistent with the prompt appearance of increased {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He ratios in the fumarolic gas, and that the intrusive process may have persisted for {approximately} 1 year. In contrast, a similar combination of magmatic intrusion and anomalous seismic activity beneath the resurgent dome-south moat region during the 1989-1991 period resulted in at most relatively small changes in {sup 3}He/{sup 4}He in fumarolic discharge at the southern edge of the resurgent dome. The more subdued response may result from a combination of greater intrusive depths and greater dilution of {sup 3}He-rich inputs to thermal fluid reservoirs in the shallow hydrothermal system in this area compared with Mammoth Mountain. 60 refs., 11 figs., 4 tabs.

Sorey, M.L.; Evans, W.C.; Farrar, C.D. [Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States); Kennedy, B.M. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Suemnicht, G.A.

1993-09-10

246

Methanogenic calcite, 13C-depleted bivalve shells, and gas hydrate from a mud volcano offshore southern California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Methane and hydrogen sulfide vent from a cold seep above a shallowly buried methane hydrate in a mud volcano located 24 km offshore southern California in?? 800 m of water. Bivalves, authigenic calcite, and methane hydrate were recovered in a 2.1 m piston core. Aragonite shells of two bivalve species are unusually depleted in 13C (to -91??? ??13C), the most 13C-depleted shells of marine macrofauna yet discovered. Carbon isotopes for both living and dead specimens indicate that they used, in part, carbon derived from anaerobically oxidized methane to construct their shells. The ??13C values are highly variable, but most are within the range -12??? to -91???. This variability may be diagnostic for identifying cold-seep-hydrate systems in the geologic record. Authigenic calcite is abundant in the cores down to ???1.5 m subbottom, the top of the methane hydrate. The calcite is depleted in 13C (??13C = -46??? to -58???), indicating that carbon produced by anaerobically oxidized methane is the main source of the calcite. Methane sources include a geologic hydrocarbon reservoir from Miocene source rocks, and biogenic and thermogenic degradation of organic matter in basin sediments. Oxygen isotopes indicate that most calcite formed out of isotopic equilibrium with ambient bottom water, under the influence of gas hydrate dissociation and strong methane flux. High metal content in the mud volcano sediment indicates leaching of basement rocks by fluid circulating along an underlying fault, which also allows for a high flux of fossil methane. ?? 2006 Geological Society of America.

Hein, J. R.; Normark, W. R.; McIntyre, B. R.; Lorenson, T. D.; Powell, II, C. L.

2006-01-01

247

California Energy Commission COMMITTEE DRAFT REPORT  

E-print Network

Gen ­ American Lung Association Roland Hwang ­ Natural Resources Defense Council Steve Kaffka ­ California: Shannon BakerBranstetter ­ Consumers Union Drew Bohan ­ California Natural Resources Agency Tom Cackette ­ California Air Resources Board Tim Carmichael ­ California Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition Brooke Coleman

248

Health assessment for Lorentz Barrel and Drum Company, San Jose, Santa Clara County, California, Region 9. CERCLIS No. CAD029295706. Preliminary report  

SciTech Connect

The Lorentz Barrel and Drum Company site is on the National Priorities List. The site is a drum-recycling facility that operated from the mid-1940s until July 1987. The on-site environmental contamination consists of polychlorinated biphenyls (4,280 ppm), cadmium (257 ppm), lead (20,600 ppm), DDT (1.9 ppm), and DDE (137.2 ppm) in soil; and barium (160 ppb), benzene (26 ppb), chloroform (29 ppb), 1,2-dichloroethane (58 ppb), 1,1-dichloroethylene (160 ppb), trans-1,2-dichloroethylene (750 ppb), perchloroethylene (140 ppb), trichloroethylene (2,108 ppb), vinyl chloride (1,100 ppb), and polychlorinated biphenyls (6.4 ppb) in ground water. The site is considered to be of potential public health concern because of the risk to human health caused by the possibility of exposure to hazardous substances via contaminated ground water permeating private and domestic water supplies.

Not Available

1989-01-19

249

Public health assessment for Ralph Gray Trucking Company (A/K/A Westminster Tract No. 2633), Westminster, Orange County, California, region 9. CERCLIS No. CAD981995947. Preliminary report  

SciTech Connect

The Ralph D. Gray Trucking site consists of 73 homes in west Orange County, California. Records suggest that oil refinery wastes were originally deposited there in the 1930s and then were redeposited in three locations during housing development in the late 1950s. The buried oil refinery waste are located in the backyards of approximately 29 residences. Seeps of tar-like material have surfaced in some of the yards. Chemical analysis of the waste material has shown that it contains volatile aromatic hydrocarbons like benzene, ethylbenzene, toluene, and xylenes; polyclic aromatic hydrocarbons like benzo(a)pyrene, phenanthrene, and chrysene; thiophene derivatives, which include smelly, sulfur-containing compounds; some trace metals like arsenic and chromium; and high levels of sulfate. The preliminary public health assessment identifies two potential exposure pathways of health concern at the Ralph D. Gray Trucking site. Residents may be exposed to waste contaminants from eating vegetables or fruits grown in their yards. The most likely contaminants to assimilate into vegetation are the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, chromium, arsenic, and lead, but no actual chemical analyses have been conducted of any fruits and vegetables. Site residents, especially children, may incidentally/accidentally ingest or have skin contact with the waste material or with contaminated surface soil and thus be exposed to a number of contaminants.

Not Available

1993-06-18

250

Japanese Executives Meet the American Placement Culture in California.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses visit of Japanese executives to four California colleges (University of California at Los Angeles, California State University at Long Beach, California Institute of Technology, Stanford University) and several U.S. companies. Describes reactions of Japanese executives, U.S. students, and U.S. executives. (ABL)

Firman, Margaret Davis

1991-01-01

251

Alternative-fueled truck demonstration natural gas program: Caterpillar G3406LE development and demonstration  

SciTech Connect

In 1990, the California Energy Commission, the South Coast Air Quality Management District, and the Southern California Gas Company joined together to sponsor the development and demonstration of compressed natural gas engines for Class 8 heavy-duty line-haul trucking applications. This program became part of an overall Alternative-Fueled Truck Demonstration Program, with the goal of advancing the technological development of alternative-fueled engines. The demonstration showed natural gas to be a technically viable fuel for Class 8 truck engines.

NONE

1995-06-01

252

21. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. Photocopy of photograph (original print at Gage Canal Company Office), H. B. Wesner, photographer, date unknown. 'VIEWS OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA SCENERY. ARTESIAN WELLS, SAN BERNARDINO, CALIFORNIA. SUPPLYING THE GAGE CANAL OF RIVERSIDE.' - California Citrus Heritage Recording Project, Riverside, Riverside County, CA

253

Major energy companies of Western Europe 1985  

Microsoft Academic Search

A directory providing information on over 600 of the largest Western European companies involved in the energy business. This covers major companies in gas and electricity supply, oil and gas exploration and production, oil refining, nuclear power generation and engineering, coal mining, and fuel distribution. Information includes, as available: company name and address, telephone, telex, names of directors and senior

Whiteside

1985-01-01

254

California Cenozoic Biostratigraphy -- Paleogene: Chapter 4 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The time transgressive nature of the California benthic foraminiferal stages is in most cases the result of poor taxonomy, use of local species ranges, and a lack of understanding about the type sections. Correcting these problems allows the stages to be consistently applied and enhances their ability to identify coeval strata. Each stage is identified by the first and last appearances of selected cosmopolitan benthic foraminiferal species and of reliable local species. Although further study is needed, the stages correlate with the international time scale. The revised age interpretation of the stages suggests that the Cheneyian Stage is coeval with planktic zone P1 through P3, the Ynezian Stage is coeval with planktic zone P4, the Bulitian Stage is missing in most section but when present is coeval with zones P5 and P6a, the Penutian Stage is coeval with planktic zones P6b through early P9 (no younger than the overlap between P9 and CP11), the Ulatisian Stage is coeval with P9 (younger than CP11) through P11, the Narizian Stage is coeval with zones P12 through P15, and the Refugian Stage is coeval with zones P16 and P17.

McDougall, Kristin

2008-01-01

255

Development of water facilities in the Santa Ana River Basin, California, 1810-1968: a compilation of historical notes derived from many sources describing ditch and canal companies, diversions, and water rights  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report traces by text, maps, and photographs, the development of the water supply in the Santa Ana River basin from its beginning in 1810 or 1811 to 1968. The value of the report lies in the fact that interpretation of the hydrologic systems in the basin requires knowledge of the concurrent state of development of the water supply, because that development has progressively altered the local regimen of both surface water and ground water. Most of the information for the earlier years was extracted and condensed from an investigation made by W. H. Hall, California State Engineer during the years 1878-87. Hall's study described irrigation development in southern California from its beginning through 1888. Information for the years following 1888 was obtained from the archives of the numerous water companies and water agencies in the Santa Ana River basin and from the various depositories of courthouse, county, and municipal records. The history of water-resources development in the Santa Ana River basin begins with the introduction of irrigation in the area by the Spanish, who settled in southern California in the latter part, of the 18th century. The first irrigation diversion from the Santa Ana River was made in 1810 or 1811 by Jose Antonio Yorba and Juan Pablo Peralta. Irrigation remained a localized practice during the Mexican-Californian, or rancho, period following the separation of Mexico from Spain in 1821. Rancho grantees principally raised cattle, horses, and sheep and irrigated only small plots of feed grain for their livestock and fruit crops for household use. The breakup of the ranchos through sales to Americans, who were migrating to California in ever-increasing numbers following the acquisition of California by the United States in 1848, marked the beginning of a rapid increase in water use and the beginning of widespread irrigation. Many water companies and water agencies were organized to divert the surface flow of the Santa Ana River and its tributaries for irrigation. The Santa Ana River had been a perennial stream, except in years of extreme drought, from its source in the mountains nearly to the Pacific Ocean. With the great increase in population and the accompanying use of water for irrigation, the river was no longer a perennial stream, and it was necessary to supplement the surface-water supply with ground water. Many wells were dug or drilled in the artesian areas of the upper basin; of those wells many originally flowed, but as ground-water pressures and levels declined, an increasing amount of pumping was required. Conservation measures were taken to store some of the surplus winter runoff for use during low runoff years and during summer periods of heavy demand. Conservation facilities included surface-storage reservoirs and water-spreading grounds or percolation basins for utilization of underground storage. The competition for water in the Santa Ana River basin has been accompanied by frequent litigation over water tights, and over the years these water rights have generally been established by court decree. Although the demand for water still increases, the water demand for agricultural use has declined since the mid-1940's in response to the rapid urbanization of agricultural areas. Since that date the continued expansion of communities has encroached significantly into the agricultural areas causing a decrease in water use for agriculture, a more than compensating increase in water use for municipal purposes, and a rapid change in the ownership of water rights. The urbanization of flood plains made floods potentially more damaging than they previously had been when the flood plains were used for agriculture. In recognition of this increased hazard, flood-control facilities such as reservoirs, debris basins, flood-conveyance channels, and levees have been constructed to reduce potential damage. Most of the construction has occurred since the devastating flood of March 1938. By the mid-1940's it was apparent that the local water supply--both surface and ground water--would be insuff

Scott, M.B.

1977-01-01

256

-California -Washington  

E-print Network

Pacific - California - Oregon - Washington #12;Regional Summary Pacific Region Management Context The Pacific Region includes California, Oregon, and Washington. Federal fisheries in this region are managed

257

Helium isotope and gas discharge variations associated with crustal unrest in Long Valley caldera, California, 1989-1992  

Microsoft Academic Search

The onset of anomalous seismic activity in 1989 beneath Mammoth Mountain on the southwestern rim of the Long Valley caldera, California, was followed within 4 months by a large increase in ³He\\/⁴He in vapor discharged from a fumarole on the north side of the mountain. The helium isotopic ratio at this vent rose to a maximum of 6.7 R{sub A}

M. L. Sorey; W. C. Evans; C. D. Farrar; B. M. Kennedy; G. A. Suemnicht

1993-01-01

258

Evidence for prolonged El Nino-like conditions in the Pacific during the Late Pleistocene: a 43 ka noble gas record from California groundwaters  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Information on the ocean/atmosphere state over the period spanning the Last Glacial Maximum - from the Late Pleistocene to the Holocene - provides crucial constraints on the relationship between orbital forcing and global climate change. The Pacific Ocean is particularly important in this respect because of its dominant role in exporting heat and moisture from the tropics to higher latitudes. Through targeting groundwaters in the Mojave Desert, California, we show that noble gas derived temperatures in California averaged 4.2 ?? 1.1 ??C cooler in the Late Pleistocene (from ???43 to ???12 ka) compared to the Holocene (from ???10 to ???5 ka). Furthermore, the older groundwaters contain higher concentrations of excess air (entrained air bubbles) and have elevated oxygen-18/oxygen-16 ratios (??18O) - indicators of vigorous aquifer recharge, and greater rainfall amounts and/or more intense precipitation events, respectively. Together, these paleoclimate indicators reveal that cooler and wetter conditions prevailed in the Mojave Desert from ???43 to ???12 ka. We suggest that during the Late Pleistocene, the Pacific ocean/atmosphere state was similar to present-day El Nino-like patterns, and was characterized by prolonged periods of weak trade winds, weak upwelling along the eastern Pacific margin, and increased precipitation in the southwestern U.S.

Kulongoski, J. T.; Hilton, D. R.; Izbicki, J. A.; Belitz, K.

2009-01-01

259

California GAMA Special Study: An isotopic and dissolved gas investigation of nitrate source and transport to a public supply well in California's Central Valley  

SciTech Connect

This study investigates nitrate contamination of a deep municipal drinking water production well in Ripon, CA to demonstrate the utility of natural groundwater tracers in constraining the sources and transport of nitrate to deep aquifers in the Central Valley. The goal of the study was to investigate the origin (source) of elevated nitrate and the potential for the deep aquifer to attenuate anthropogenic nitrate. The site is ideal for such an investigation. The production well is screened from 165-325 feet below ground surface and a number of nearby shallow and deep monitoring wells were available for sampling. Furthermore, potential sources of nitrate contamination to the well had been identified, including a fertilizer supply plant located approximately 1000 feet to the east and local almond groves. A variety of natural isotopic and dissolved gas tracers including {sup 3}H-{sup 3}He groundwater age and the isotopic composition of nitrate are applied to identify nitrate sources and to characterize nitrate transport. An advanced method for sampling production wells is employed to help identify contaminant contributions from specific screen intervals. Nitrate transport: Groundwater nitrate at this field site is not being actively denitrified. Groundwater parameters indicate oxic conditions, the dissolved gas data shows no evidence for excess nitrogen as the result of denitrification, and nitrate-N and -O isotope compositions do not display patterns typical of denitrification. Contaminant nitrate source: The ambient nitrate concentration in shallow groundwater at the Ripon site ({approx}12 mg/L as nitrate) is typical of shallow groundwaters affected by recharge from agricultural and urban areas. Nitrate concentrations in Ripon City Well 12 (50-58 mg/L as nitrate) are significantly higher than these ambient concentrations, indicating an additional source of anthropogenic nitrate is affecting groundwater in the capture zone of this municipal drinking water well. This study provides two new pieces of evidence that the Ripon Farm Services Plant is the source of elevated nitrate in Ripon City Well 12. (1) Chemical mass balance calculations using nitrate concentration, nitrate isotopic composition, and initial tritium activity all indicate that that the source water for elevated nitrate to Ripon City Well 12 is a very small component of the water produced by City Well 12 and thus must have extremely high nitrate concentration. The high source water nitrate concentration ({approx}1500 mg/L as nitrate) required by these mass balance calculations precludes common sources of nitrate such as irrigated agriculture, dairy wastewater, and septic discharge. Shallow groundwater under the Ripon Farm Services RFS plant does contain extremely high concentrations of nitrate (>1700 mg/L as nitrate). (2) Nitrogen and oxygen isotope compositions of nitrate indicate that the additional anthropogenic nitrate source to Ripon City Well 12 is significantly enriched in {delta}{sup 18}O-NO{sub 3}, an isotopic signature consistent with synthetic nitrate fertilizer, and not with human or animal wastewater discharge (i.e. dairy operations, septic system discharge, or municipal wastewater discharge), or with organic fertilizer. Monitoring wells on and near the RFS plant also have high {delta}{sup 18}O-NO{sub 3}, and the plant has handled and stored synthetic nitrate fertilizer that will have this isotopic signature. The results described here highlight the complexity of attributing nitrate found in long screened, high capacity wells to specific sources. In this case, the presence of a very high concentration source near the well site combined with sampling using multiple isotopic tracer techniques and specialized depth-specific techniques allowed fingerprinting of the source in the mixed-age samples drawn from the production well.

Singleton, M J; Moran, J E; Esser, B K; Roberts, S K; Hillegonds, D J

2010-04-14

260

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-print Network

, petroleum, and alternative energy sources, to enable it to respond to possible shortages, price shocks California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT 2012 NATURAL GAS MARKET TRENDS In Support of the 2012 Integrated Energy Policy Report Update CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund G. Brown Jr

261

8. Historic American Buildings Survey American Trust Company File CalPictures ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Historic American Buildings Survey American Trust Company File Cal-Pictures June 1959 CORNER ENTRANCE CARYATIDS - Bank Building, California & Liedesdorff Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

262

CALIFORNIA COMMISSION  

E-print Network

, and prices." The Energy Commission uses these assessments and forecasts to develop energy policies CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION SCENARIO-BASED ASSESSMENT OF RESOURCE PLANS PREDICATED Integrated Energy Policy Report #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Michael R. Jaske Principal Author Global

263

Measurement of non-enteric emission fluxes of volatile fatty acids from a California dairy by solid phase micro-extraction with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dairies are a major source of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in California's San Joaquin Valley; a region that experiences high ozone levels during summer. Short-chain carboxylic acids, or volatile fatty acids (VFAs), are believed to make up a large fraction of VOC emissions from these facilities, although there are few studies to substantiate this. In this work, a method using a flux chamber coupled to solid phase micro-extraction (SPME) fibers followed by analysis using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was developed to quantify emissions of six VFAs (acetic acid, propanoic acid, butanoic acid, pentanoic acid, hexanoic acid and 3-methyl butanoic acid) from non-enteric sources. The technique was then used to quantify VFA fluxes from a small dairy located on the campus of California State University Fresno. Both animal feed and animal waste are found to be major sources of VFAs, with acetic acid contributing 70-90% of emissions from the sources tested. Measured total acid fluxes during spring (with an average temperature of 20 C) were 1.84 0.01, 1.06 0.08, (1.3 0.5) 10 -2, (1.7 0.2) 10 -2 and (1.2 0.5) 10 -2 g m -2 h -1 from silage, total mixed rations, flushing lane, open lot and lagoon sources, respectively. VFA emissions from the sources tested total 390 80 g h -1. The data indicate high fluxes of VFAs from dairy facilities, but differences in the design and operation of dairies in the San Joaquin Valley as well as seasonal variations mean that additional measurements must be made to accurately determine emissions inventories for the region.

Alanis, Phillip; Sorenson, Mark; Beene, Matt; Krauter, Charles; Shamp, Brian; Hasson, Alam S.

264

Platts top 250 global energy company rankings  

SciTech Connect

The third annual survey of global energy companies measures companies' financial performance using four metrics: asset worth, revenues, profits and return on invested capital. The following industry segments were analysed: coal and consumable fuel companies; diversified utilities; exploration and production; electric utilities; gas utilities; integrated oil and gas companies; refining and marketing; independent power producers and storage and transfer companies. Integrated oil and gas companies (IOGs) captured nine out of the top ten spots while IPPS struggled in 2005 as the sector on a whole lost money. The exploration and production segment showed financial stability while gas utilities saw their financials climb. The Exxon Mobile Corp. continued its reign of the number one spot.

NONE

2006-11-15

265

CALIFORNIA ENERGY CALIFORNIA'S STATE ENERGY  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CALIFORNIA'S STATE ENERGY EFFICIENT APPLIANCE REBATE PROGRAM INITIAL November 2009 CEC-400-2009-026-CMD Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor #12;#12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Program Manager Paula David Supervisor Appliance and Process Energy Office Valerie T. Hall Deputy Director

266

Drops of Energy Conserving Urban Water in California  

E-print Network

Drops of Energy Conserving Urban Water in California to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions May 2011;1Berkeley Law \\ UCLA Law Drops of Energy: Conserving Urban Water in California to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions Executive Summary: Expanding Water Conservation in California Water use means energy use

Kammen, Daniel M.

267

Co-combustion of refuse derived fuel and coal in a cyclone furnace at the Baltimore Gas and Electric Company, C. P. Crane Station  

SciTech Connect

A co-combustion demonstration burn of coal and fluff refuse-derived fuel (RDF) was conducted by Teledyne National and Baltimore Gas and Electric Company. This utility has two B and W cyclone furnaces capable of generating 400 MW. The facility is under a prohibition order to convert from No. 6 oil to coal; as a result, it was desirable to demonstrate that RDF, which has a low sulfur content, can be burned in combination with coals containing up to 2% sulfur, thus reducing overall sulfur emissions without deleterious effects. Each furnace consists of four cyclones capable of generating 1,360,000 pounds per hour steam. The tertiary air inlet of one of the cyclones was modified with an adapter to permit fluff RDF to be pneumatically blown into the cyclone. At the same time, coal was fed into the cyclone furnace through the normal coal feeding duct, where it entered the burning chamber tangentially and mixed with the RDF during the burning process. Secondary shredded fluff RDF was prepared by the Baltimore County Resource Recovery Facility. The RDF was discharged into a receiving station consisting of a belt conveyor discharging into a lump breaker, which in turn, fed the RDF into a pneumatic line through an air-lock feeder. A total of 2316 tons were burned at an average rate of 5.6 tons per hour. The average heat replacement by RDF for the cyclone was 25%, based on Btu input for a period of forty days. The range of RDF burned was from 3 to 10 tons per hour, or 7 to 63% heat replacement. The average analysis of the RDF (39 samples) for moisture, ash, heat (HHV) and sulfur content were 18.9%, 13.4%, 6296 Btu/lb and 0.26% respectively. RDF used in the test was secondary shredded through 1-1/2 inch grates producing the particle size distribution of from 2 inches to .187 inches. Findings to date after inspection of the boiler and superheater indicate satisfactory results with no deleterious effects from the RDF.

Not Available

1982-03-01

268

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Advisory Committee Members for the  

E-print Network

­ Recreational Boaters of California Simon Mui ­ Natural Resources Defense Council Joe Norbeck ­ University.) Tim Carmichael ­ California Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition Will Coleman ­ OnRamp Capital Peter Cooper

269

Chemical and isotopic evidence of gas-influenced flow at a transform plate boundary: Monterey Bay, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Chemical and isotopic compositions of pore fluids document upward flow through communities of vesicomyid clams in Monterey Bay, California. Within the clam communities, the sulfate reduction zone is only 10 cm thick, and Ca and Mg concentrations decrease to values as low as 2.2 mM and 34.5 mM, respectively, at depths less than 30 cm below the sediment-water interface. Less than 5 m outside the communities, the base of the sulfate reduction zone is deeper than the greatest penetration of the cores (-30 cm), and Ca and Mg exhibit only minor changes from seawater values. The sediment exhibits no significant variation in grain size, mineralogy, organic carbon, nitrogen, or carbonate content throughout the region. The composition of pore fluid within clam communities results from upward flow of altered fluid rather than different diagenetic reactions within and outside the communities. Isotopically light dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), with ??13C values ranging from -3.2 to -54.1???, could reflect carbon sources from either oxidized thermogenic methane and/or a mixture of oxidized microbial methane and solid organic carbon. The C1/(C2+C3) ratios (ranging from 34 to 1142) and the hydrogen and carbon isotopic compositions of methane (??D values of -109 to -156???; ??13C values of -30.6 to -86.6???) suggest that methane is primarily microbial but that a minor component could be thermally generated. Any thermogenic methane would have migrated from great depths, possibly >2 km. The presence of methane is likely to contribute to fluid flow by reducing the density of the fluids. Past fluid migration and venting are reflected by widespread carbonate mineralization at the sediment-water interface. This mineralization and the geographic distribution and proportions of microbial and thermogenic methane suggest that vent sites migrate when permeability is reduced during carbonate cementation. These results demonstrate that along with convergent and divergent plate boundaries, transform plate boundaries are characterized by fluid flow and that the flow may be widespread, occurring at sites away from fault zones.

Martin, J. B.; Orange, D. L.; Lorenson, T. D.; Kvenvolden, K. A.

1997-01-01

270

CALIFORNIA COMMISSION  

E-print Network

Environmental Data Collection.......................................................................23 CHAPTER 3: Cooling Water Use at New Power Plants Subject to Energy Commission Jurisdiction ...........................................................................................25 How California Uses Water

271

75 FR 65373 - Drakes Bay Oyster Company Special Use Permit/Environmental Impact Statement, Point Reyes National...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Company Special Use Permit, Point Reyes National Seashore (hereafter...Company Special Use Permit, Point Reyes National Seashore, California...shellfish operation at Point Reyes National Seashore. The existing...will expire on November 30, 2012. DBOC has submitted a...

2010-10-22

272

Multi-Year Analysis of Renewable Energy Impacts in California: Results from the Renewable Portfolio Standards Integration Cost Analysis; Preprint  

SciTech Connect

California's Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS, Senate Bill 1078) requires the state's investor-owned utilities to obtain 20% of their energy mix from renewable generation sources. To facilitate the imminent increase in the penetration of renewables, the California Energy Commission (CEC), in support of the California Public Utility Commission (CPUC), initiated a study of integration costs in the context of RPS implementation. This effort estimated the impact of renewable generation in the regulation and load-following time scales and calculated the capacity value of renewable energy sources using a reliability model. The analysis team, consisting of researchers from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the California Wind Energy Collaborative (CWEC), performed the study in cooperation with the California Independent System Operator (CaISO), the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), and Southern California Edison (SCE). The study was conducted over three phases and was followed by an analysis of a multi-year period. This paper presents results from the multi-year analysis and the Phase III recommendations.

Milligan, M.; Shiu, H.; Kirby, B.; Jackson, K.

2006-08-01

273

Carbon Isotopic Signatures in Benthic Foraminifera Bio- and Tanathocenosis From Methane-Soaked Gas-Hydrate-Bearing Sediments in Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Here we report on recent results from an extensive ROV-based exploration along the NE transform margin of the Guaymas Basin in the Gulf of California to characterize patterns of carbon isotopic assimilation into the benthic foraminiferal tests along known gradients of present methane venting. Cores were retrieved from: a (i) vigorous methane venting site visible by a continuous emanation of gas bubbles from the seafloor at 1,582 m depth of water, (ii) beds of living calyptogenid clams, (iii) white bacterial mats, commonly found on exposed strata on the flanks of the basin, and (iv) background sites at the same depth in the neighboring slopes of Guaymas Basin. Rose bengal-stained and non-stained specimens of Uvigerina peregrina (Up), Planulina wullerstorfi (Pw), Globobulimina pacifica (Gp), and Bulimina mexicana (Bm) were hand-picked and their carbon and oxygen isotopic ratios were determined. Dissolved inorganic carbon isotopic values measured in several pore water samples extracted from sediments range between -2.9% to -35.85%. The most depleted values indicate that while some methane derived carbon has entered the authigenic DIC pool within the seafloor sediments during early diagenesis, there is no record of the assimilation of this carbon on the calcitic shells of living benthic foraminifera. Here we will further compare the carbon isotopic composition of stained (living) foraminifera shells and non-stained tests to show the patterns of carbon assimilation and early diagenetic imprint of both assamblages. These results question the extent to which strong carbon isotopic depletion signals in the geological record are features recorded by living foraminifera or the result of a posterior diagenetical imprint.

Herguera, J.; Perez, E.; Paull, C.; Ussler, B.; Peltzer, E.

2005-12-01

274

Profile of the chemicals industry in California: Californiaindustries of the future program  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) established the Industries of the Future (IOF) program to increase energy efficiency, reduce waste production and to improve competitiveness, currently focusing on nine sectors. The IOF is a partnership strategy involving industry, the research community and the government, working together to identify technology needs, promote industrial partnerships and implement joint measures with all partners involved. The State Industries of the Future (SIOF) program delivers the accomplishments of the national Industries of the Future strategy to the local level, to expand the technology opportunities to a larger number of partners and reach smaller businesses and manufacturers that were not initially involved in the IOF effort. The state programs bring together industry, academia, and state agencies to address the important issues confronting industry in the state. These public-private coalitions facilitate industry solutions locally and enhance economic development. California has started a State Industries of the Future effort, in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy. The California Energy Commission (CEC) is leading the SIOF program in California, as part of many other programs to improve the energy efficiency and performance of industries in California. The California State IOF program aims to build a network of participants from industry, academia and government in four selected industrial sectors as a basis for the development of a strategic partnership for industrial energy efficient technology in the state. In California the IOF effort focuses petroleum refining, chemical processing, food processing and electronics. As part of this effort, the SIOF program will develop roadmaps for technology development for the selected sectors. On the basis of the roadmap, the program will develop successful projects with co-funding from state and federal government, and promote industry-specific energy-efficiency. An important element of the SIOF-program is the preparation of R&D roadmaps for each of the selected industries. The roadmap will help to identify priority needs for the participating industries to meet their energy challenges. The roadmap effort builds on the roadmaps developed by DOE, and on the conditions specific for the industry in California. Key to the successful preparation of a roadmap in the selected industries is the development of a profile of the industries. The profile provides a basis for the participants in the roadmap-effort, especially as the structure of the industries in California can be different than in the nation. The sector profiles describe the current economic and energy situation of these industries in California, the processes and energy uses, and the potential future developments in each industry. The profiles are an integral part of the roadmap, to help working group partners to evaluate the industry's R&D needs for their industry in California. In this report, we focus on the chemicals industry. The industry is an important economic factor in the state, providing over 82,300 jobs directly, and more in indirect employment. Value of shipments in 2001 was just under $25.7 Billion, or 6% of all manufacturing in California. There are over 1,500 chemical plants in California, of which 52% are pharmaceutical companies. Many companies operate chemical plants in California. The industry consumes 8% of the electricity and 5% of the natural gas in California. In this report, we start with a description of the chemical industry in the United States and California. This is followed by a discussion of the energy consumption and energy intensity of the Californian chemical industry. Chapter 3 focuses on the main sub-sectors. For each of the sub-sectors a general process description is provided in Chapter 4. Based on this analysis, in Chapter 5, we discuss potential technology developments that can contribute to further improving the energy efficiency in chemical plants, with a focus on the situation in California.

Galitsky, Christina; Worrell, Ernst

2004-06-01

275

Use of Cutting-Edge Horizontal and Underbalanced Drilling Technologies and Subsurface Seismic Techniques to Explore, Drill and Produce Reservoired Oil and Gas from the Fractured Monterey Below 10,000 ft in the Santa Maria Basin of California  

SciTech Connect

This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well was drilled by the project team in 2004 with the objective of accessing an extended length of oil-bearing, high-resistivity Monterey shale via a horizontal wellbore, while implementing managed-pressure drilling (MPD) techniques to avoid formation damage. Initial project meetings were conducted in October 2003. The team confirmed that the demonstration well would be completed open-hole to minimize productivity impairment. Following an overview of the geologic setting and local field experience, critical aspects of the application were identified. At the pre-spud meeting in January 2004, the final well design was confirmed and the well programming/service company requirements assigned. Various design elements were reduced in scope due to significant budgetary constraints. Major alterations to the original plan included: (1) a VSP seismic survey was delayed to a later phase; (2) a new (larger) surface hole would be drilled rather than re-enter an existing well; (3) a 7-in. liner would be placed into the top of the Monterey target as quickly as possible to avoid problems with hole stability; (4) evaluation activities were reduced in scope; (5) geosteering observations for fracture access would be deduced from penetration rate, cuttings description and hydrocarbon in-flow; and (6) rather than use nitrogen, a novel air-injection MPD system was to be implemented. Drilling operations, delayed from the original schedule by capital constraints and lack of rig availability, were conducted from September 12 to November 11, 2004. The vertical and upper curved sections were drilled and lined through the problematic shale member without major stability problems. The top of the targeted Monterey was thought to be seen at the expected TVD of 10,000 ft where the 7-in. liner was set at a 60{sup o} hole angle. Significant oil and gas shows suggested the fractured interval anticipated at the heel location had been penetrated. A total of 2572 ft of 6{Delta}-in. near-horizontal interval was placed in the shale section, extending planned well length by approximately 470 ft. Very little hydrocarbon in-flow was observed from fractures along the productive interval. This may be a result of the well trajectory falling underneath the Monterey fractured zone. Hydrocarbon observations, cuttings analysis and gamma-ray response indicated additional fractured intervals were accessed along the last {+-}900 ft of well length. The well was completed with a 2 and 7/8-in. tubing string set in a production packer in preparation for flow and swab tests to be conducted later by a service rig. The planned well time was estimated as 39 days and overall cost as $2.4 million. The actual results are 66 days at a total cost of $3.4 million. Well productivity responses during subsequent flow and swabbing tests were negative. The well failed to inflow and only minor amounts (a few barrels) of light oil were recovered. The lack of production may suggest that actual sustainable reservoir pressure is far less than anticipated. Temblor attempted in July, 2006, to re-enter and clean out the well and run an Array Induction log (primarily for resistivity and correlation purposes), and an FMI log (for fracture detection). Application of surfactant in the length of the horizontal hole, and acid over the fracture zone at 10,236 was also planned. This attempt was not successful in that the clean out tools became stuck and had to be abandoned.

George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

2006-06-30

276

USE OF CUTTING-EDGE HORIZONTAL AND UNDERBALANCED DRILLING TECHNOLOGIES AND SUBSURFACE SEISMIC TECHNIQUES TO EXPLORE, DRILL AND PRODUCE RESERVOIRED OIL AND GAS FROM THE FRACTURED MONTEREY BELOW 10,000 FT IN THE SANTA MARIA BASIN OF CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect

This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area by Temblor Petroleum with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well was drilled by the project team in 2004 with the objective of accessing an extended length of oil-bearing, high-resistivity Monterey shale via a horizontal wellbore, while implementing managed-pressure drilling (MPD) techniques to avoid formation damage. Initial project meetings were conducted in October 2003. The team confirmed that the demonstration well would be completed open-hole to minimize productivity impairment. Following an overview of the geologic setting and local field experience, critical aspects of the application were identified. At the pre-spud meeting in January 2004, the final well design was confirmed and the well programming/service company requirements assigned. Various design elements were reduced in scope due to significant budgetary constraints. Major alterations to the original plan included: (1) a VSP seismic survey was delayed to a later phase; (2) a new (larger) surface hole would be drilled rather than re-enter an existing well; (3) a 7-in. liner would be placed into the top of the Monterey target as quickly as possible to avoid problems with hole stability; (4) evaluation activities were reduced in scope; (5) geosteering observations for fracture access would be deduced from penetration rate, cuttings description and hydrocarbon in-flow; and (6) rather than use nitrogen, a novel air-injection MPD system was to be implemented. Drilling operations, delayed from the original schedule by capital constraints and lack of rig availability, were conducted from September 12 to November 11, 2004. The vertical and upper curved sections were drilled and lined through the problematic shale member without major stability problems. The top of the targeted Monterey was thought to be seen at the expected TVD of 10,000 ft where the 7-in. liner was set at a 60{sup o} hole angle. Significant oil and gas shows suggested the fractured interval anticipated at the heel location had been penetrated. A total of 2572 ft of 6.-in. near-horizontal interval was placed in the shale section, extending planned well length by approximately 470 ft. Very little hydrocarbon in-flow was observed from fractures along the productive interval. This may be a result of the well trajectory falling underneath the Monterey fractured zone. Hydrocarbon observations, cuttings analysis and gamma-ray response indicated additional fractured intervals were accessed along the last {+-}900 ft of well length. The well was completed with a 2 7/8-in. tubing string set in a production packer in preparation for flow and swab tests to be conducted later by a service rig. The planned well time was estimated as 39 days and overall cost as $2.4 million. The actual results are 66 days at a total cost of $3.4 million. Well productivity responses during subsequent flow and swabbing tests were negative. The well failed to inflow and only minor amounts (a few barrels) of light oil were recovered. The lack of production may suggest that actual sustainable reservoir pressure is far less than anticipated. Temblor is currently investigating the costs and operational viability of re-entering the well and conducting an FMI (fracture detection) log and/or an acid stimulation. No final decision or detailed plans have been made regarding these potential interventions at this time.

George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

2005-02-01

277

Use of Cutting-Edge Horizontal and Underbalanced Drilling Technologies and Subsurface Seismic Techniques to Explore, Drill and Produce Reservoired Oil and Gas from the Fractured Monterey Below 10,000 ft in the Santa Maria Basin of California  

SciTech Connect

This project was undertaken to demonstrate that oil and gas can be drilled and produced safely and economically from a fractured Monterey reservoir in the Santa Maria Basin of California by employing horizontal wellbores and underbalanced drilling technologies. Two vertical wells were previously drilled in this area with heavy mud and conventional completions; neither was commercially productive. A new well was drilled by the project team in 2004 with the objective of accessing an extended length of oil-bearing, high-resistivity Monterey shale via a horizontal wellbore, while implementing managed-pressure drilling (MPD) techniques to avoid formation damage. Initial project meetings were conducted in October 2003. The team confirmed that the demonstration well would be completed open-hole to minimize productivity impairment. Following an overview of the geologic setting and local field experience, critical aspects of the application were identified. At the pre-spud meeting in January 2004, the final well design was confirmed and the well programming/service company requirements assigned. Various design elements were reduced in scope due to significant budgetary constraints. Major alterations to the original plan included: (1) a VSP seismic survey was delayed to a later phase; (2) a new (larger) surface hole would be drilled rather than re-enter an existing well; (3) a 7-in. liner would be placed into the top of the Monterey target as quickly as possible to avoid problems with hole stability; (4) evaluation activities were reduced in scope; (5) geosteering observations for fracture access would be deduced from penetration rate, cuttings description and hydrocarbon in-flow; and (6) rather than use nitrogen, a novel air-injection MPD system was to be implemented. Drilling operations, delayed from the original schedule by capital constraints and lack of rig availability, were conducted from September 12 to November 11, 2004. The vertical and upper curved sections were drilled and lined through the problematic shale member without major stability problems. The top of the targeted Monterey was thought to be seen at the expected TVD of 10,000 ft where the 7-in. liner was set at a 60{sup o} hole angle. Significant oil and gas shows suggested the fractured interval anticipated at the heel location had been penetrated. A total of 2572 ft of 6 1/8-in. near-horizontal interval was placed in the shale section, extending planned well length by approximately 470 ft. Very little hydrocarbon in-flow was observed from fractures along the productive interval. This may be a result of the well trajectory falling underneath the Monterey fractured zone. Hydrocarbon observations, cuttings analysis and gamma-ray response indicated additional fractured intervals were accessed along the last {+-}900 ft of well length. The well was completed with a 2 7/8-in. tubing string set in a production packer in preparation for flow and swab tests to be conducted later by a service rig. The planned well time was estimated as 39 days and overall cost as $2.4 million. The actual results are 66 days at a total cost of $3.4 million. Well productivity responses during subsequent flow and swabbing tests were negative. The well failed to inflow and only minor amounts (a few barrels) of light oil were recovered. The lack of production may suggest that actual sustainable reservoir pressure is far less than anticipated. Temblor is currently planning to re-enter and clean out the well and run an Array Induction log (primarily for resistivity and correlation purposes), and an FMI log (for fracture detection). Depending on the results of these logs, an acidizing or re-drill program will be planned.

George Witter; Robert Knoll; William Rehm; Thomas Williams

2005-09-29

278

18 CFR 367.3991 - Account 399.1, Asset retirement costs for service company property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Service Company Property Chart of Accounts 367.3991 Account 399.1, Asset retirement costs for service company property. This account must...

2011-04-01

279

18 CFR 367.4300 - Account 430, Interest on debt to associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income 367.4300 Account 430, Interest on debt to associate companies....

2012-04-01

280

18 CFR 367.4300 - Account 430, Interest on debt to associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income 367.4300 Account 430, Interest on debt to associate companies....

2013-04-01

281

17 CFR 250.85 - Service, sales, and construction by registered holding companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...construction for, or selling goods to, associate public utility companies, and such transaction...electric or gas utility company, or any business or...businesses other than that of selling goods to associate companies, that of...

2010-04-01

282

17 CFR 250.85 - Service, sales, and construction by registered holding companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...construction for, or selling goods to, associate public utility companies, and such transaction...electric or gas utility company, or any business or...businesses other than that of selling goods to associate companies, that of...

2011-04-01

283

California Dust  

... View Larger Image Southern California's "Santa Anas" are dry, north-easterly winds having speeds in excess of 25 knots (46 kilometers/hour). Santa Ana conditions are commonly associated with gusts of more than twice this ...

2014-05-15

284

Transforming California  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Transforming California is a PowerPoint presentation of digital images (60.7 Mb) exploring the landforms found along the San Andreas Fault. Designed for classroom use, this slideshow provides a complementing narrative for each slide.

Mcguire, Thomas

2001-01-01

285

California Fires  

article title: Smoke from Station Fire Blankets Southern California ... 105,000 acres (164 square miles) of the Angeles National Forest by mid-day August 31, destroying at least 21 homes and threatening more ...

2014-05-15

286

Pacific Gas and Electric Company's Compressed Air Management Program: A Performance Assessment Approach to Improving Industrial Compressed Air System Operation and Maintenance  

E-print Network

The Compressed Air Management Program (CAMP) provides Pacific Gas and Electric's (PG&E's) large industrial customers with measurement-based performance assessments of their compressed air systems. Under this program, the customer's system...

Qualmann, R. L.; Zeller, W.; Baker, M.

287

El Paso Electric Company, et al., 100 FERC 61,188 (2002). UNITED STATES OF AMERICA  

E-print Network

1 El Paso Electric Company, et al., 100 FERC ¶ 61,188 (2002). 2 Id. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA; William L. Massey, and Nora Mead Brownell. El Paso Electric Company, Enron Power Docket No. EL02 between El Paso Electric Company (El Paso Electric), the California Attorney General (Attorney General

Laughlin, Robert B.

288

California Hydrogen Infrastructure Project  

SciTech Connect

Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. has completed a comprehensive, multiyear project to demonstrate a hydrogen infrastructure in California. The specific primary objective of the project was to demonstrate a model of a ???¢????????real-world???¢??????? retail hydrogen infrastructure and acquire sufficient data within the project to assess the feasibility of achieving the nation???¢????????s hydrogen infrastructure goals. The project helped to advance hydrogen station technology, including the vehicle-to-station fueling interface, through consumer experiences and feedback. By encompassing a variety of fuel cell vehicles, customer profiles and fueling experiences, this project was able to obtain a complete portrait of real market needs. The project also opened its stations to other qualified vehicle providers at the appropriate time to promote widespread use and gain even broader public understanding of a hydrogen infrastructure. The project engaged major energy companies to provide a fueling experience similar to traditional gasoline station sites to foster public acceptance of hydrogen. Work over the course of the project was focused in multiple areas. With respect to the equipment needed, technical design specifications (including both safety and operational considerations) were written, reviewed, and finalized. After finalizing individual equipment designs, complete station designs were started including process flow diagrams and systems safety reviews. Material quotes were obtained, and in some cases, depending on the project status and the lead time, equipment was placed on order and fabrication began. Consideration was given for expected vehicle usage and station capacity, standard features needed, and the ability to upgrade the station at a later date. In parallel with work on the equipment, discussions were started with various vehicle manufacturers to identify vehicle demand (short- and long-term needs). Discussions included identifying potential areas most suited for hydrogen fueling stations with a focus on safe, convenient, fast-fills. These potential areas were then compared to and overlaid with suitable sites from various energy companies and other potential station operators. Work continues to match vehicle needs with suitable fueling station locations. Once a specific site was identified, the necessary agreements could be completed with the station operator and expected station users. Detailed work could then begin on the site drawings, permits, safety procedures and training needs. Permanent stations were successfully installed in Irvine (delivered liquid hydrogen), Torrance (delivered pipeline hydrogen) and Fountain Valley (renewable hydrogen from anaerobic digester gas). Mobile fueling stations were also deployed to meet short-term fueling needs in Long Beach and Placerville. Once these stations were brought online, infrastructure data was collected and reported to DOE using Air Products???¢???????? Enterprise Remote Access Monitoring system. Feedback from station operators was incorporated to improve the station user???¢????????s fueling experience.

Edward C. Heydorn

2013-03-12

289

Measuring Tsunami Current Velocities on Californias North Coast  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Northern California coast is particularly susceptible to tsunami damage. Thirty-one tsunamis have been recorded since 1933 when the first tide gauge was installed at Citizens Dock in Crescent City, California and four have caused damage. In November 2006, a magnitude 8.3 earthquake in the Kuril Islands generated a tsunami that caused over $20 million in damages and replacement costs to the Crescent City small boat basin. The 2006 tsunami did not flood any areas above the normal high tide; very strong currents produced as the tsunami surged in and out of the small boat basin caused all of the damage. The Harbor Master and commercial fishermen in the area estimated the peak currents near the mouth of the small boat basin at 12 to 15 knots or 6 to 8 m/sec. MOST numerical modeling of the 2006 currents in Crescent City gives peak velocities in the 2-3 m/sec range. We have initiated a pilot project to directly measure current velocities produced by moderate tsunamis such as the 2006 event. In spring of 2009 we acquired a Nortek Aquadopp 600 kHz acoustic 2-D current profiler through a donation from the Pacific Gas and Electric Company to measure currents in Humboldt Bay, located 100 km south of Crescent City. The manufacturer specifies the current meter can measure currents up to 10 m/sec. In a preliminary deployment at the Fairhaven dock inside Humboldt Bay in May 2009, we measured current velocities of 1.5 m/sec caused by the daily tidal fluctuation with a 1 minute sampling rate. Our primary goal is to model control and data telemetry of this current meter after NOAAs tsunami-ready tide gages, in collaboration with NOAA personnel at PMEL and CO-OPS. We also intend to make available real-time current measurements online for the local maritime community. In this poster, we present preliminary results from the current meter and discuss deployment and telecommunication considerations. While some interference is present in the closest range bins, the system measures currents in the nearby navigational channel that compare favorably to NOAA tidal predictions at a nearby location. Once the deployment and telemetry issues have been resolved at the Humboldt Bay site, we will be deploying two additional instruments in Crescent City.

Crawford, G. B.; Dengler, L. A.; Montoya, J.

2009-12-01

290

Effects of the drought on California electricity supply and demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the end of the driest year on record, California faces water shortages whose impacts will be felt with progressive severity through the summer and fall of 1977. Electric power is not entirely exempt from these impacts and could, if severly affected, compound the direct distresses of the drought. Each of the major California electric utility companies has forecasted the

P. Benenson; B. Greene; E. Kahn; B. Krieg; I. Lasater; R. Ritschard; H. Ruderman; J. Sathaye; R. Sextro; W. Siri; L. Vincent

2010-01-01

291

University of California Energy Institute Design Choices in the  

E-print Network

­ Market Design and Redesign in the UK ­ International Comparisons of Price Formation ­ The California Responsive Demand ­ Not necessarily at the household level · Market Power Mitigation #12;University of California Energy Institute Implementing Price Responsive Demand · Role of distribution companies · Prices

California at Berkeley. University of

292

1. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Photocopy of photograph (original print located at Southern California Edison Company Corporate Offices, Rosemead, California). Photographer unknown, about 1959. PLANT 3 POWERHOUSE. COTTAGES 1 AND 2 ARE VISIBLE BEHIND TREES AT PHOTO-LEFT. COTTAGES WERE REMOVED IN 1970s. VIEW TO SOUTH. - Bishop Creek Hydroelectric System, Plant 3, Bishop Creek, Bishop, Inyo County, CA

293

Consumer Products Companies Company Website Headquarters  

E-print Network

Company www.columbia.com Portland, OR ConAgra Foods, Inc www.conagrafoods.com Omaha, NE Conair Corporation www.dartcontainer.com Mason, MI Daymon Worldwide www.daymon.com Stamford, CT Dean Foods Company www.deanfoods.com Dallas, TX Del Monte Foods Company www.delmonte.com San Francisco, CA Dell www.dell.com Round Rock, TX

McGaughey, Alan

294

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION SEPTEMBER 2012  

E-print Network

in this report addendum; nor does any party represent that the uses of this information will not infringe upon for the additional infrastructure projects recommended for funding. The increased use of alternative and renewable fuels supports California's commitment to curb greenhouse gas emissions (GHG), reduce petroleum

295

NOTICE OF DECISION BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION To: California Resources Agency From: California Energy Commission  

E-print Network

MW cogeneration project consists of four 75-MWnatural-gas fired combustion turbines equipped with dry Low NOx combustors and four heat recovery steam generators capable of providing steam to the adjacent removal and replacement of combustion hardware. On November 30, 2011, the California Energy Commission

296

Quantifying Regional Greenhouse Gas Emissions of HFC-134a From Atmospheric Measurements at the Trinidad Head (California), Cape Grim (Tasmania) and Mace Head (Ireland) Remote AGAGE Sites.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Atmospheric measurement-based "top-down" approaches to emissions estimation provide a method of validating reported inventory-based "bottom-up" emissions assessments. At the AGAGE (Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment) measurement stations at Trinidad Head (THD) on the Northern California coast (41N, 124W), Cape Grim (CGM) on the northwestern tip of Tasmania (41S, 145E), and Mace Head (MHD) on the western coast of Ireland (53N, 10W), Medusa GC/MS and GC/ECD/FID instrumentation measure a wide range of trace gases in ambient air at high temporal resolution and high precision. Here, the western US, northwestern European and southern Australian emissions of the greenhouse gas (GHG) HFC-134a are estimated using the HFC-134a measurements, an atmospheric dispersion model (NAME), and an inversion methodology. NAME (Numerical Atmospheric dispersion Modelling Environment) is a Lagrangian atmospheric dispersion model that uses 3D meteorology from the UK Met Office numerical weather prediction model. Mid-latitude Northern and Southern Hemisphere baseline concentrations of HFC-134a are determined using NAME and statistical post- processing of the observations, and this baseline is used to generate a time series of "polluted" (above baseline) observations. In this application NAME is run backwards in time for ten days for each 3-hour interval in 1995-2008 for MHD, 2003-2008 for CGM and 2005-2008 for THD releasing thousands of model particles at each observing site. A map is then produced estimating all of the surface (0-100m) contributions within ten days of travel arriving at each site during each interval. The resulting matrix describes the dilution in concentration that occurs from a unit release from each grid as it travels to the measurement site. Iterative inversion modeling is then carried out to generate an emission estimate that provides the best statistical match between the modeled time series and the observations. Uncertainty in the emission estimates is captured by starting each solution from a randomly generated emission map, randomly perturbing the observations by a noise factor, and solving the inversion eight times using two different skill score (cost) functions. Solutions are found for each 24-month period (Jan-Dec, Feb-Jan, etc.) within the timescales given. The estimated emission distributions pick out most of the significant populated areas and estimates very low emissions from the ocean areas. This is consistent with the understanding that HFC-134a is emitted broadly in line with population as it is widely used as a refrigerant, e.g. in car air conditioners. The results using MHD show that the emissions of HFC-134a in northwestern Europe have increased sharply over the past 14 years. The emissions per head of population for each 24-month period from each of the different geographical regions are compared. The emissions for each area are also scaled up to country (USA and Australia) and collective countries (EU-15) totals based on population and compared with UNFCCC inventory estimates.

Manning, A. J.; Weiss, R. F.; Mhle, J.; Fraser, P. J.; Krummel, P. B.; O'Doherty, S.; Simmonds, P. G.

2008-12-01

297

Carbon Isotopic Signatures in Living Benthic Foraminifera from Methane-Soaked Gas-Hydrate-Bearing Sediments in Guaymas Basin, Gulf of California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is an ongoing discussion on the role of methane outgassing from costal basins to explain the rapid warmings in the Northern Hemisphere during the last Glacial cycle. The recurring anomalous depletions in the benthic foraminifera carbon isotopic composition, observed in a few high resolution cores in carbon rich coastal basins, has been interpreted as an indication of the assimilation of methane derived carbon by these organisms. The magnitude and timing of these depletions, coincident with rapid warmings in the Northern hemisphere, have been interpreted in terms of large methane releases from these carbon loaden sediments into the atmosphere. However, it is still poorly known whether benthic foraminifera do in fact assimilate methane derived carbon and if at all the observed carbon isotopic depletions are related to periods of methane release. Here we report on some recent results from an extensive ROV-based exploration along the NE transform margin of the Guaymas Basin in the Gulf of California with the objective of characterizing the patterns of carbon isotopic assimilation into the benthic foraminiferal tests along known gradients of present methane venting. Cores were retrieved from beds of living calyptogenid clams, tubeworms, and white bacterial mats, commonly found on exposed strata on the flanks of the basin; from a methane venting site visible by a continuous emanation of gas bubbles from the seafloor in 1,582 m of water; and from background sites at the same depth in Guaymas Basin. Rose bengal-stained specimens of Uvigerina peregrina (Up), Planulina wllerstorfi (Pw), Globobulimina pacifica (Gp), and Bulimina mexicana (Bm) were hand-picked and their carbon and oxygen isotopic compositions were determined in 117 samples. The mean carbon isotopic values (relative to PDB) in any group of these benthic foraminifera are not distinctly lighter than expected for these sites (-1.14% Up, -0.28% Pw, -1.71% Gp, and -0.5% Bm). Their range of values are small (1.26% Up, 1.14% Pw, 2.17% Gp, and 0.81% Bm) and can be fully explained in terms of the pore water carbon isotopic composition, that results from the oxidation of organic carbon in the upper few cm of the sediment column further mirrored in the strong sulphate reduction gradients with depth. DIC isotopic composition measured in several pore water sample range from -2.9% to -35.85%. The most depleted values indicate that while some methane derived carbon has entered the authigenic DIC pool within the seafloor sediments, there is no record of the assimilation of this carbon on the calcitic shells of living benthic foraminifera. These results question the extent to which strong carbon isotopic depletion signals in the geological record are features recorded by living foraminifera or the result of a posterior diagenetical imprint.

Herguera, J.; Perez, E.; Paull, C.; Ussler, B.; Peltzer, E.; Brewer, P.; Cortina, A.

2004-12-01

298

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-print Network

air pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions. In addition to air emissions, staff considered onsite water use, indoor air pollution, and changes in materials use, including mercury, lead, copper, steelSTATE OF CALIFORNIA -- NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY

299

-California -Washington  

E-print Network

Pacific - California - Oregon - Washington 23 #12;Regional Summary Pacific Pacific Fishery, and Washington. Federal fisheries in this region are managed by the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC of Oregon and Washington and their incidental harvest is an example of bycatch. Interesting management

300

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION California Energy Commission  

E-print Network

, CALIFORNIA CENTER FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, CALIFORNIA ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE ALLIANCE, CALIFORNIA SOLAR ENERGY., LOCAL ENERGY AGGREGATION NETWORK, DR. LUIS PACHECO, PRESENTE.ORG, SIERRA CLUB, SOLAR ENERGY INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION, AND THE VOTE SOLAR INITIATIVE FOR SOCIETAL COST-BENEFIT EVALUATION OF CALIFORNIA'S NET ENERGY

301

Assessment of fossil fuel carbon dioxide and other anthropogenic trace gas emissions from airborne measurements over Sacramento, California in spring 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

Direct quantification of fossil fuel CO2 (CO2ff) in atmospheric samples can be used to examine several carbon cycle and air quality questions. We collected in situ CO2, CO, and CH4 measurements and flask samples in the boundary layer and free troposphere over Sacramento, California, USA, during two aircraft flights over and downwind of this urban area during spring of 2009.

J. C. Turnbull; A. Karion; M. L. Fischer; I. Faloona; T. Guilderson; S. J. Lehman; B. R. Miller; J. B. Miller; S. Montzka; T. Sherwood; S. Saripalli; C. Sweeney; P. P. Tans

2011-01-01

302

7. Historic American Buildings Survey American Trust Company File CalPictures ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Historic American Buildings Survey American Trust Company File Cal-Pictures June 1959 CORNER ENTRANCE AND HITCHING POST - Bank Building, California & Liedesdorff Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

303

76 FR 1149 - Eagle Crest Energy Company; Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...California] Eagle Crest Energy Company; Notice of Availability...Eagle Mountain Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Project...1969 and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission...47897]), the Office of Energy Projects has reviewed...Eagle Mountain Pumped Storage Hydroelectric...

2011-01-07

304

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSIONCOMMISSION  

E-print Network

organizationsg Prepare veterans and disadvantaged youth for employment · $5M: California Conservation CorpsCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSIONCOMMISSION California Clean Energy Jobs Act: Proposition 39 Draft MEETINGMEETING AGENDA · Summary of California Clean Energy Jobs Act· Summary of California Clean Energy Jobs Act

305

Homelessness in California  

E-print Network

among the poor--is forcing lower-income families to "buy down" as a result of higher housing prices--California. 2. Homeless persons--Housing--California. 3. Homeless persons--Services for--California. 4. Low-income housing-- California. 5. Housing policy--California. I. Raphael, Steven, 1968­. II. Smolensky, Eugene. III

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

306

3. ELEVATIONS, ADDITION TO POWER HOUSE. United Engineering Company Ltd., ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. ELEVATIONS, ADDITION TO POWER HOUSE. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard. John Hudspeth, architect, foot of Main Street, Alameda, California. Sheet 4. Plan no. 10,548. Scale 1/4 inch to the foot, elevations, and one inch to the foot, sections and details. April 30, 1945, last revised 6/19/45. pencil on vellum - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Boiler House, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

307

STATION BUILDING. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

STATION BUILDING. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plan, elevations, sections, details. Austin Willmott Earl, Consulting Engineer, 233 Sansome Street, San Francisco, California. Drawing no. 504. Various scales. January 20, 1945, no revisions. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76, amendments 4 & 5. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Electrical Services & Switching Station, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

308

California Institute for Energy Efficiency: 1993 Annual report  

SciTech Connect

In 1988, a statewide partnership of California`s six largest electric and gas utilities, the California Public Utilities Commission, the California Energy Commission, the University of California, and Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) led to the creation of the California Institute for energy Efficiency. CIEE was specifically established to respond to California`s energy and environmental needs by developing new, energy-efficient technologies for buildings, industry, and transportation using the scientific and technological capabilities of the state`s universities, colleges, and university-affiliated laboratories. This 1993 Annual Report highlights the accomplishments of CIEE`s research and development program, which includes 11 major multiyear projects in the fields of Building Energy Efficiency and Air Quality Impacts of Energy Efficiency as well as 21 ongoing exploratory projects. This report contains research highlights from seven of these programs.

NONE

1993-12-31

309

California Shipwrecks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from the California State Lands Commission offers a nice collection of resources for actual or armchair underwater archaeologists. The core of the site is a database of over 1500 California shipwrecks, searchable by keyword in twelve fields. Search returns include ship's name, type, years built and sunk, cause, owner, captain, length, beam, tonnage, engine, and county. The other major feature at the site is an exhibition on the wreck and recovery of the Brother Jonathan. The exhibit includes the story of the ship and its specifications, a passenger list, a photo exhibit of artifacts and video of the wreck, and some comments on the significance of the archaeological remains. Other sections of the site include brief articles on the sinking of eight ships, video and audio clips, and links to related sites.

310

Field testing of behavioral barriers for fish exclusion at cooling-water intake systems, Central Hudson Gas and Electric Company Roseton Generating Station: Final report  

SciTech Connect

A seasonal field testing program was conducted during 1986 and 1987 to evaluate the effectiveness of behavioral barriers at Central Hudson Gas and Electric Corporations's Roseton Generating Station located in the euryhaline section of the Hudson River. This station was selected as representative of power plants with shoreline riverine/estuarine intake systems. Three commercially available devices (air bubble curtain, pneumatic gun, and underwater strobe light) were tested alone and in combination to determine their effectiveness in reducing impingement. The primary testing method incorporated three or four 6-h impingement collections during each test date, each consisting of two randomly assigned 3-h samples: one was an experimental test with a behavioral device in operation, the other a control test with no device operating. The effectiveness of the devices at excluding fish was determined by comparing impingement data from experimental and control periods. Results of the program do not establish that the deployment of underwater strobe lights, pneumatic guns, an air bubble curtain, or various combinations of the three devices will effectively lower fish impingement at power plants similar in design and location to the Roseton plant. Deterrent effectiveness was found to be species-specific and related to time of day. 51 refs., 67 figs., 72 tabs.

Matousek, J.A.; Wells, A.W.; McGroddy, P.M.

1988-09-01

311

Arnold Schwarzenegger CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE  

E-print Network

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor CALIFORNIA OCEAN WAVE ENERGY ASSESSMENT Prepared For: California this report as follows: Previsic, Mirko. 2006. California Ocean Wave Energy Assessment. California Energy Systems Integration · Transportation California Ocean Wave Energy Assessment is the final report

312

California's electricity crisis  

E-print Network

The collapse of California's electricity restructuring and competition program has attracted attention around the world. Prices in California's competitive wholesale electricity market increased by 500% between the second ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2001-01-01

313

Deep Reductions in Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the California Transportation Sector: Dynamics in Vehicle Fleet and Energy Supply Transitions to Achieve 80% Reduction in Emissions from 1990 Levels by 2050  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

California's "80in50" target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 80 percent below 1990 levels by the year 2050 is based on climate science rather than technical feasibility of mitigation. As such, it raises four fundamental questions: is this magnitude of reduction in greenhouse gas emissions possible, what energy system transitions over the next 40 years are necessary, can intermediate policy goals be met on the pathway toward 2050, and does the path of transition matter for the objective of climate change mitigation? Scenarios for meeting the 80in50 goal in the transportation sector are modelled. Specifically, earlier work defining low carbon transport scenarios for the year 2050 is refined by incorporating new information about biofuel supply. Then transition paths for meeting 80in50 scenarios are modelled for the light-duty vehicle sub-sector, with important implications for the timing of action, rate of change, and cumulative greenhouse gas emissions. One aspect of these transitions -- development in the California wind industry to supply low-carbon electricity for plug-in electric vehicles -- is examined in detail. In general, the range of feasible scenarios for meeting the 80in50 target is narrow enough that several common themes are apparent: electrification of light-duty vehicles must occur; continued improvements in vehicle efficiency must be applied to improving fuel economy; and energy carriers must de-carbonize to less than half of the carbon intensity of gasoline and diesel. Reaching the 80in50 goal will require broad success in travel demand reduction, fuel economy improvements and low-carbon fuel supply, since there is little opportunity to increase emission reductions in one area if we experience failure in another. Although six scenarios for meeting the 80in50 target are defined, only one also meets the intermediate target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 1990 levels by the year 2020. Furthermore, the transition path taken to reach any one of these scenarios can differ in cumulative emissions by more than 25 percent. Since cumulative emissions are the salient factor for climate change mitigation and the likelihood of success is an important consideration, initiating action immediately to begin the transitions indicated for achieving the 80in50 goal is found to be prudent.

Leighty, Wayne Waterman

314

Petroleum systems used to determine the assessment units in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California: Chapter 8 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The figures and tables for each petroleum system and TPS are as follows: (1) the San Joaquin(?) petroleum system or the Neogene Nonassociated Gas TPS is a natural gas system in the southeast part of the province (figs. 8.3 through 8.8; table 8.5; this volume, chapter 22); (2) the Miocene TPS (this volume, chapters 13, 14, 15, 16, and 17) includes the McLure-Tulare(!) petroleum system north of the Bakersfield Arch (figs. 8.9 through 8.13; table 8.6), and the Antelope-Stevens(!) petroleum system south of the arch (figs. 8.14 through 8.18; table 8.7), and is summarized in figure 8.19; (3) the Eocene TPS (this volume, chapters 18 and 19) combines two petroleum systems, the Tumey-Temblor(.) covering much of the province (figs. 8.20 through 8.24; table 8.8) and the underlying Kreyenhagen-Temblor(!) (figs. 8.25 through 8.29: table 8.9), and is summarized in figure 8.30; (4) the Eocene-Miocene Composite TPS, formed by combining the Miocene and Eocene TPS (this volume, chapter 20); and (5) the Moreno-Nortonville(.) is both a petroleum system and a TPS consisting mainly of natural gas in the northern part of the province (figs. 8.31 through 8.36: table 8.10; this volume, chapter 21). Oil samples with geochemistry from surface seeps and wells used to map these petroleum systems are listed in table 8.11. Finally, the volume of oil and gas expelled by each pod of active source rock was calculated and compared with the discovered hydrocarbons in each petroleum system (figs. 8.37 through 8.39; tables 8.12 and 8.13).

Magoon, Leslie B.; Lillis, Paul G.; Peters, Kenneth E.

2009-01-01

315

18 CFR 2.67 - Calculation of taxes for property of pipeline companies constructed or acquired after January 1...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Tax Reform Act of 1969, 83 Stat. 487, 625, natural gas pipeline companies which have exercised the option provided...to deduct such balances from the rate base of natural gas pipeline companies in rate proceedings. (Secs....

2010-04-01

316

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-print Network

-EPIC-01 Webinar RE: First Triennial Investment Plan Notice of Joint Webinar on the Implementation California Edison Company will conduct a joint webinar to discuss the implementation of the first triennial participate in the webinar. December 18, 2013 1:30 p.m. to 3:30 p.m. Participation will only be available

317

PUBLISHED OCCASIONALLY BY THE FRIENDS OF THE BANCROFT LIBRARY UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY, CALIFORNIA 94720  

E-print Network

, CALIFORNIA 94720 No. 85 Feburary 1984 Joseph Paget-Fredericks, with two ofhis impressions ofAnna Pavlova. Joseph Paget-Fredericks, Balletomane A few readers ofBancroftiana may recallJoseph Fredericks, choreog- rapher, and featured performer with his own company, the Joseph Paget-Fredericks Con- cert

California at Berkeley, University of

318

California commercial building energy benchmarking  

SciTech Connect

Building energy benchmarking is the comparison of whole-building energy use relative to a set of similar buildings. It provides a useful starting point for individual energy audits and for targeting buildings for energy-saving measures in multiple-site audits. Benchmarking is of interest and practical use to a number of groups. Energy service companies and performance contractors communicate energy savings potential with ''typical'' and ''best-practice'' benchmarks while control companies and utilities can provide direct tracking of energy use and combine data from multiple buildings. Benchmarking is also useful in the design stage of a new building or retrofit to determine if a design is relatively efficient. Energy managers and building owners have an ongoing interest in comparing energy performance to others. Large corporations, schools, and government agencies with numerous facilities also use benchmarking methods to compare their buildings to each other. The primary goal of Task 2.1.1 Web-based Benchmarking was the development of a web-based benchmarking tool, dubbed Cal-Arch, for benchmarking energy use in California commercial buildings. While there were several other benchmarking tools available to California consumers prior to the development of Cal-Arch, there were none that were based solely on California data. Most available benchmarking information, including the Energy Star performance rating, were developed using DOE's Commercial Building Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), which does not provide state-level data. Each database and tool has advantages as well as limitations, such as the number of buildings and the coverage by type, climate regions and end uses. There is considerable commercial interest in benchmarking because it provides an inexpensive method of screening buildings for tune-ups and retrofits. However, private companies who collect and manage consumption data are concerned that the identities of building owners might be revealed and hence are reluctant to share their data. The California Commercial End Use Survey (CEUS), the primary source of data for Cal-Arch, is a unique source of information on commercial buildings in California. It has not been made public; however, it was made available by CEC to LBNL for the purpose of developing a public benchmarking tool.

Kinney, Satkartar; Piette, Mary Ann

2003-07-01

319

California Energy Commission: Ocean Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This California Energy Commission website discusses how electrical power can be generated from tidal power, wave power, ocean thermal energy conversion, ocean currents, ocean winds, salinity gradients, and other ocean phenomena. Users can learn how different areas of the ocean vary in their potential energy production. The site presents the history of ocean energy production and the issues associated with permitting an ocean wave-energy conversion facility. Users can find links to ocean energy education and to companies and research groups involved with ocean energy development.

320

CALIFORNIA ENERGY California Outdoor Lighting Baseline  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION California Outdoor Lighting Baseline Database California Outdoor Lighting Analysis Database (product 7.6.5) TECHNICALREPORT Octoberr 2003 500-03-082-A-33 Gray Davis;#12;ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The products and outcomes presented in this report are part of the Outdoor Lighting Baseline

321

Competitive ancillary service procurement in California  

SciTech Connect

California has undertaken a major restructuring of its electricity utility sector. Most electricity is now sold in open markets operated by the PX and other entities. Bilateral contracting among some market participants is also permitted. A group of independent generating companies bids into these markets together with out of state resources. In addition to these markets, CAISO operates markets for both imbalance energy and AS, a quite unusual feature of the California system. These markets were initially quite chaotic and were rife with market power problems. However, various reforms have now created a system that functions well. During the restructuring process, special provisions were made to protect public purpose programs, including renewable generation.

Marnay, Chris; Siddiqui, Afzal S.; Khavkin, Mark

2000-01-01

322

Cruise summary for P-1-02-SC: acoustic imaging of natural oil and gas seeps and measurement of dissolved methane concentration in coastal waters near Pt. Conception, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water-column acoustic anomalies and methane concentrations were documented in coastal waters surrounding Pt. Conception, California, in March 2002. The purpose of this survey, supported by the Minerals Management Service, was to locate active oil and gas seeps in the area as a background for further studies to determine hydrocarbon flux, mainly oil, into the environment. Objectives in reaching this goal are to (1) document the locations and geochemically fingerprint natural seeps within the offshore southern Santa Maria Basin; (2) geochemically fingerprint coastal tar residues and potential sources, both onshore and offshore, in this region; (3) establish chemical correlations between offshore active seeps and coastal residues thus linking seep sources to oil residues; (4) measure the rate of natural seepage of individual seeps and attempt to assess regional natural oil and gas seepage rates; (5) attempt to predict transport pathways of oil from seep sources to the coastline and; (6) interpret the petroleum system history for the natural seeps. This survey, addressing objective 1, focused on the area from offshore Surf Beach to the north and Gaviota to the south in water depths ranging from 20 to 500m. In addition, nine stations were sampled outside this area to provide a regional context. Water-column methane concentrations were measured in water samples collected from the R/V Point Sur with Niskin bottles from various depths. A total of 724 water samples from 94 stations were collected.

Lorenson, Thomas D.; Dougherty, Jennifer A.; Ussler, William, III; Paull, Charles K.

2003-01-01

323

Norway: still just crumbs for foreign oil companies  

SciTech Connect

The Norwegian government is coming under increasing pressure to change its policies. On one hand, Norwegian companies have begun to wonder if they would get better technical assistance from the international companies if those companies were given equity in the fields they are helping to develop. The second pressure point is on the production ceiling the government established in 1973. The companies feel that it should be raised. The proposed gas gathering line from Statfjord to Karsto is desired by the government and the companies, but the companies argue that it will only be commercial if block 34/10 is developed. The government's emphasis on exploration north of the 62nd parallel also argues for higher production rates. These points indicate that foreign oil companies could receive marginally better deals after the election. However, there is little chance that the government will give foreign companies a shot at the 34 and 31 areas.

Larsen, A.

1981-10-01

324

NUCLEAR POWER in CALIFORNIA  

E-print Network

NUCLEAR POWER in CALIFORNIA: 2007 STATUS REPORT CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION October 2007 CEC-100 public workshops on nuclear power. The Integrated Energy Policy Report Committee, led by Commissioners, California Contract No. 700-05-002 Prepared For: California Energy Commission Barbara Byron, Senior Nuclear

325

California's Water Energy Relationship  

E-print Network

1 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION California's Water ­ Energy Relationship Prepared in Support The California's Water-Energy Relationship report is the product of contributions by many California Energy, Lorraine White and Zhiqin Zhang. Staff would also like to thank the members of the Water-Energy Working

326

Summary of California DSM impact evaluation studies  

SciTech Connect

Over the past several years, four of the largest investor-owned California utilities have completed more than 50 evaluation studies designed to measure the energy and demand impacts of their demand-side management (DSM) programs. These four are: Pacific Gas and Electric (PG and E), Southern California Edison (SCE), Southern California Gas (SoCalGas), and San diego Gas and Electric (SDG and E). These studies covered residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural DSM programs and provided a wealth of information on program impacts. The objective of this report is to summarize the results of these DSM evaluation studies in order to describe what DSM has achieved in California, to assess how well these achievements were forecast, and to compare the effectiveness of different types of DSM programs. This report documents the sizable investment made by the California utilities in their 1990--92 DSM programs. Between 1990 and 1992, the four utilities spent $772 million on energy-efficiency/conservation programs. This report also summarizes the realization rates estimated by the 50+ evaluation studies. Realization rates are defined as ex-post net savings estimates divided by ex-ante net savings estimates. Realization rates are summarized for 158 programs and program segments.

Brown, M.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Mihlmester, P.E. [Aspen Systems Corp., Oak Ridge, TN (United States)

1994-10-01

327

DSM in a free market is part of a utility company`s product mix  

SciTech Connect

Seven years ago the first step was taken towards a more competitive electricity market in the Netherlands. This involved the separation of production, transportation and distribution. This separation was to have led to greater efficiency at the production companies and a higher degree of customer orientation at the distribution companies. Europe hopes to achieve a free market for all products, and therefore for electricity too. The supply of energy will have to become more competitive. To this end, the infrastructure must become more accessible to all. Seven years ago, more than 500 companies in the Netherlands were active in the production, transportation and distribution of energy (electricity and gas). There are now 4 production companies, a single transportation company, and fewer than 40 energy distribution companies left. The latter number will fall dramatically in the future. Four years ago, the Dutch electricity supply companies entered into a covenant with the government directed at reducing the level of CO{sub 2}SO{sub 2} and NO{sub x} emissions. A target to be realised by the year 2000 was set for each of the respective companies. The methods to be employed in achieving this objective were left to the companies themselves to determine. All of this has been summarised in an Environmental Action Plan (MAP).

Brogtrop, A.

1995-12-31

328

Competitor Analysis Company Description  

E-print Network

advances in chemical production from green/environmentally friendly resources. Conduct research and analyze Competitive analysis Company Description: A privately owned environmentally conscious global specialty

Dahl, David B.

329

Internet Company Handbook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by Morgan Stanley Dean Witter, The Internet Company Handbook is a report which serves as "a rudimentary one-stop shop for the basics for today's top Internet companies." The report focusses on the leading 90 Internet companies, as defined by market capitalization and Media Metrix ratings which include average length of visit and average number of page views a month. The main body of this study consists of a collection of profiles of these companies including short descriptions and snapshots of their Websites. The publication has been broken into six chapters, and within each chapter, tables and key information are easily accessible from the table of contents.

330

18 CFR 367.1450 - Account 145, Notes receivable from associate companies.  

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Current and Accrued Assets 367.1450 Account 145, Notes receivable from associate companies....

2014-04-01

331

18 CFR 367.2330 - Account 233, Notes payable to associate companies.  

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Current and Accrued Liabilities 367.2330 Account 233, Notes payable to associate companies....

2014-04-01

332

18 CFR 367.4116 - Account 411.6, Gains from disposition of service company plant.  

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income 367.4116 Account 411.6, Gains from disposition of service...

2014-04-01

333

18 CFR 367.1110 - Account 111, Accumulated provision for amortization of service company property.  

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts 367.1110 Account 111, Accumulated provision for amortization of service company property. (a)...

2014-04-01

334

18 CFR 367.4114 - Account 411.4, Investment tax credit adjustments, service company property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income 367.4114 Account 411.4, Investment tax credit adjustments,...

2012-04-01

335

18 CFR 367.4117 - Account 411.7, Losses from disposition of service company plant.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income 367.4117 Account 411.7, Losses from disposition of service...

2012-04-01

336

18 CFR 367.4181 - Account 418.1, Equity in earnings of subsidiary companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income 367.4181 Account 418.1, Equity in earnings of subsidiary...

2012-04-01

337

18 CFR 367.4580 - Account 458, Services rendered to non-associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts 367.4580 Account 458, Services rendered to non-associate companies. This account must include...

2010-04-01

338

18 CFR 367.4570 - Account 457, Services rendered to associate companies.  

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts 367.4570 Account 457, Services rendered to associate companies. This account must include amounts...

2014-04-01

339

18 CFR 367.1450 - Account 145, Notes receivable from associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Current and Accrued Assets 367.1450 Account 145, Notes receivable from associate companies....

2010-04-01

340

18 CFR 367.2230 - Account 223, Advances from associate companies.  

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Long-Term Debt 367.2230 Account 223, Advances from associate companies. (a) This...

2014-04-01

341

18 CFR 367.2330 - Account 233, Notes payable to associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Current and Accrued Liabilities 367.2330 Account 233, Notes payable to associate companies....

2012-04-01

342

18 CFR 367.1080 - Account 108, Accumulated provision for depreciation of service company property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts 367.1080 Account 108, Accumulated provision for depreciation of service company property. (a)...

2013-04-01

343

18 CFR 367.1230 - Account 123, Investment in associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Other Property and Investments 367.1230 Account 123, Investment in associate companies....

2011-04-01

344

18 CFR 367.4570 - Account 457, Services rendered to associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts 367.4570 Account 457, Services rendered to associate companies. This account must include amounts...

2010-04-01

345

18 CFR 367.2230 - Account 223, Advances from associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Long-Term Debt 367.2230 Account 223, Advances from associate companies. (a) This...

2011-04-01

346

18 CFR 367.4116 - Account 411.6, Gains from disposition of service company plant.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income 367.4116 Account 411.6, Gains from disposition of service...

2010-04-01

347

18 CFR 367.2340 - Account 234, Accounts payable to associate companies.  

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Current and Accrued Liabilities 367.2340 Account 234, Accounts payable to associate companies....

2014-04-01

348

18 CFR 367.1230 - Account 123, Investment in associate companies.  

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Other Property and Investments 367.1230 Account 123, Investment in associate companies....

2014-04-01

349

18 CFR 367.4114 - Account 411.4, Investment tax credit adjustments, service company property.  

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income 367.4114 Account 411.4, Investment tax credit adjustments,...

2014-04-01

350

18 CFR 367.4570 - Account 457, Services rendered to associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts 367.4570 Account 457, Services rendered to associate companies. This account must include amounts...

2012-04-01

351

18 CFR 367.1230 - Account 123, Investment in associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts Other Property and Investments 367.1230 Account 123, Investment in associate companies....

2012-04-01

352

18 CFR 367.4114 - Account 411.4, Investment tax credit adjustments, service company property.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Income Statement Chart of Accounts Service Company Operating Income 367.4114 Account 411.4, Investment tax credit adjustments,...

2013-04-01

353

Major energy companies of Western Europe 1989\\/90  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book provides data on over 1000 of the largest energy companies throughout Europe. The following sectors are included: coal mining, coal products, electricity supply, fuel distribution, natural gas supply, nuclear engineering, oil and gas exploration and production, oil and gas services and equipment, and oil refining.

Whiteside

1989-01-01

354

Assessment of fossil fuel carbon dioxide and other anthropogenic trace gas emissions from airborne measurements over Sacramento, California in spring 2009  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Direct quantification of fossil fuel CO2 (CO2ff) in atmospheric samples can be used to examine several carbon cycle and air quality questions. We collected in situ CO2, CO, and CH4 measurements and flask samples in the boundary layer and free troposphere over Sacramento, California, USA, during two aircraft flights over and downwind of this urban area during spring of 2009. The flask samples were analyzed for ?14CO2 and CO2 to determine the recently added CO2ff mole fraction. A suite of greenhouse and other trace gases, including hydrocarbons and halocarbons, were measured in the same samples. Strong correlations were observed between CO2ff and numerous trace gases associated with urban emissions. From these correlations we estimate emission ratios between CO2ff and these species, and compare these with bottom-up inventory-derived estimates. Recent county level inventory estimates for carbon monoxide (CO) and benzene from the California Air Resources Board CEPAM database are in good agreement with our measured emission ratios, whereas older emissions inventories appear to overestimate emissions of these gases by a factor of two. For most other trace species, there are substantial differences (200-500%) between our measured emission ratios and those derived from available emission inventories. For the first flight, we combine in situ CO measurements with the measured CO:CO2ff emission ratio of 14 2 ppbCO/ppmCO2 to derive an estimate of CO2ff mole fraction throughout this flight, and also estimate the biospheric CO2 mixing ratio (CO2bio) from the difference of total and fossil CO2. The resulting CO2bio varies dramatically from up to 8 2 ppm in the urban plume to -6 1 ppm in the surrounding boundary layer air. Finally, we use the in situ estimates of CO2ff mole fraction to infer total fossil fuel CO2 emissions from the Sacramento region, using a mass balance approach. The resulting emissions are uncertain to within a factor of two due to uncertainties in wind speed and boundary layer height. Nevertheless, this first attempt to estimate urban-scale CO2ff from atmospheric radiocarbon measurements shows that CO2ff can be used to verify and improve emission inventories for many poorly known anthropogenic species, separate biospheric CO2, and indicates the potential to constrain CO2ff emissions if transport uncertainties are reduced.

Turnbull, J. C.; Karion, A.; Fischer, M. L.; Faloona, I.; Guilderson, T.; Lehman, S. J.; Miller, B. R.; Miller, J. B.; Montzka, S.; Sherwood, T.; Saripalli, S.; Sweeney, C.; Tans, P. P.

2011-01-01

355

ACTIVE AND SEMI-PASSIVE LIME TREATMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE AT LEVIATHAN MINE, CALIFORNIA ITER  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the Superfund Innovative Tecbnology Evaluation (SITE) program, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL), in cooperation with EPA Region IX, the state of California, and the Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO) evalua...

356

ACTIVE AND SEMI-PASSIVE LIME TREATMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE AT LEVIATHAN MINE, CALIFORNIA BULLETIN  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) program, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL), in cooperation with EPA Region IX, the state of California, and the Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO) evaluat...

357

ACTIVE AND SEMI-PASSIVE LIME TREATMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE AT LEVIATHAN MINE, CALIFORNIA CAPSULE  

EPA Science Inventory

As part of the Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) program, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Risk Management Research Laboratory (NRMRL), in cooperation with EPA Region IX, the state of California, and the Atlantic Richfield Company (ARCO) evalua...

358

The Neftemash closed joint-stock company  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Neftemash closed joint-stock company was created from the VNIIneftemash Scientific Production Association in the privatization process in the country. Members of the Neftemash Co. are listed. This group of members determined the basic activities of the Neftemash Co. as a multifunctional scientific production complex for designing and manufacturing modern equipment for oil and gas production and refining. By having

Umanchik

1995-01-01

359

Southern California Edison's Evaluation of California Energy Commission  

E-print Network

, 2008), which is the joint product of the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCECSouthern California Edison's Evaluation of California Energy Commission AB 1632 Report REPORT Prepared for Southern California Edison December 2010 #12;SAN ONOFRE NUCLEAR

360

Tobacco companies and products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tobacco companies have been restricted in what they can do to advertise their products. Some have been accused of soliciting children to begin smoking. Most tobacco companies are required to place some type of warning label on their packages warning smokers of the diseases that tobacco use can cause.

Adrian Pingstone (None;)

2008-03-19

361

Tobacco Companies, State Attorneys Reach Settlement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines the November 16, 1998 $206 billion settlement reached between tobacco industry leaders and eight US states. The twelve resources discussed provide press releases, opinion, and background information on the economics of tobacco production and consumption in the US. Following increasing pressure from anti-tobacco activists at the state level, Philip Morris Incorporated, R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation, and the Lorillard Tobacco Company settled pending lawsuits with New York, California, and Wisconsin, among other states. The agreement requires the companies to pay the potential medical costs of sick smokers based on a formula that factors state-by-state population, tobacco use, and previous Medicaid cost. The agreement also provides for a $1.5 billion anti-smoking campaign fund and bans billboard and transit ads in addition to "branded" merchandising -- the sale and distribution of items bearing tobacco brands' names or logos. Although these provisions give anti-smoking organizations much needed funding for educational resources, critics fear that the settlement protects the tobacco industry more than it hinders it. According to Gary Black, an analyst at Sanford C. Bernstein & Co., the settlement "removes the remaining threat of bankruptcy from the stocks and reduces the litigation discount that has plagued tobacco companies since 1994." With little risk of future lawsuits according to Black, "we're back to business as usual."

Waters, Megan.

1998-01-01

362

California's Energy Future: The View to 2050  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this two year study funded by the California Energy Commission and S.D. Bechtel, a committee of individuals from major energy research institutions in California develops strategies to meet Executive Order S-3-05. Executive Order S-3-05 requires California to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 80% of 1990 levels by 2050. To accomplish this, CO2 levels will need to drop from 13 tons CO2e per capita (2005) to 1.6 tons CO2e per capita (2050) while the population continues to grow and energy use is expected to double. To offer a solution to this challenge, multiple energy system portraits are developed with combinations of nuclear, biomass, electricity, and fossil fuels with carbon capturing systems. Its concluded by applying key aggressive strategies and investing in multiple technologies, implementations, research, development, and innovation, California can meet executive order S-3-05.

Technology, California C.

363

Effectiveness of microseismic monitoring for optimizing hydraulic fracturing in California  

E-print Network

Hydraulic fracturing has fundamentally changed the oil and gas industry in the past 10 years. Bakersfield, California provides a unique case study because steam injection, a type of hydraulic fracturing, has been used there ...

Alampi, Ann M

2014-01-01

364

18 CFR 367.1010 - Account 101, Service company property.  

...SUBJECT TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Balance Sheet Chart of Accounts 367.1010 Account 101, Service company property. (a) This account must include the cost of...

2014-04-01

365

Comparing the risk profiles of renewable and natural gas electricity contracts: A summary of the California Department of Water Resources contracts  

SciTech Connect

Electricity markets in the United States have witnessed unprecedented instability over the last few years, with substantial volatility in wholesale market prices, significant financial distress among major industry organizations, and unprecedented legal, regulatory and legislative activity. These events demonstrate the considerable risks that exist in the electricity industry. Recent industry instability also illustrates the need for thoughtful resource planning to balance the cost, reliability, and risk of the electricity supplied to end-use customers. In balancing different supply options, utilities, regulators, and other resource planners must consider the unique risk profiles of each generating source. This paper evaluates the relative risk profiles of renewable and natural gas generating plants. The risks that exist in the electricity industry depend in part on the technologies that are used to generate electricity. Natural gas has become the fuel of choice for new power plant additions in the United States. To some, this emphasis on a single fuel source signals the potential for increased risk. Renewable generation sources, on the other hand, are frequently cited as a potent source of socially beneficial risk reduction relative to natural gas-fired generation. Renewable generation is not risk free, however, and also imposes certain costs on the electricity sector. This paper specifically compares the allocation and mitigation of risks in long-term natural gas-fired electricity contracts with the allocation and mitigation of these same risks in long-term renewable energy contracts. This comparison highlights some of the key differences between renewable and natural gas generation that decision makers should consider when making electricity investment and contracting decisions. Our assessment is relevant in both regulated and restructured markets. In still-regulated markets, the audience for this report clearly includes regulators and the utilities they regulate. In restructured markets, the role of regulatory oversight of resource planning is more limited. Nonetheless, even in restructured markets, it is increasingly recognized that regulators have a critical role to play in directing the resource planning of providers of last resort--electric suppliers that provide service to those customers who choose not to switch to a competitive supplier. Our review of electricity contracts may also have educational value for those unfamiliar with the typical contents of these agreements. Details of our findings are provided in the body of the paper, but this summary is written to provide a concise alternative to reading the full report.

Bachrach, Devra; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark; Golove, William

2003-03-12

366

A classification of carbon footprint methods used by companies  

E-print Network

The percent increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration in the atmosphere can be harmful to the environment. There is no single preferred method for measuring GHG output. How can a company classify and choose an appropriate ...

Andrews, Suzanne L. D. (Suzanne Lois Denise)

2009-01-01

367

18 CFR 382.202 - Annual charges under the Natural Gas Act and Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978 and related statutes.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...regulatory program will be assessed against each natural gas pipeline company based on the proportion of the total gas subject...the immediately preceding calendar year by all natural gas pipeline companies being assessed annual charges....

2010-04-01

368

Northern California CO2 Reduction Project  

SciTech Connect

C6 Resources LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of Shell Oil Company, worked with the US Department of Energy (DOE) under a Cooperative Agreement to develop the Northern California CO2 Reduction Project. The objective of the Project is to demonstrate the viability of using Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) to reduce existing greenhouse gas emissions from industrial sources on a large-scale. The Project will capture more than 700,000 metric tonnes of CO2 per year, which is currently being vented to the atmosphere from the Shell Martinez Refinery in Contra Costa County. The CO2 will be compressed and dehydrated at the refinery and then transported via pipeline to a sequestration site in a rural area in neighboring Solano County. The CO2 will be sequestered into a deep saline formation (more than two miles underground) and will be monitored to assure secure, long-term containment. The pipeline will be designed to carry as much as 1,400,000 metric tonnes of CO2 per year, so additional capacity will be available to accommodate CO2 captured from other industrial sources. The Project is expected to begin operation in 2015. The Project has two distinct phases. The overall objective of Phase 1 was to develop a fully definitive design basis for the Project. The Cooperative Agreement with the DOE provided cost sharing for Phase 1 and the opportunity to apply for additional DOE cost sharing for Phase 2, comprising the design, construction and operation of the Project. Phase 1 has been completed. DOE co-funding is provided by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009. As prescribed by ARRA, the Project will stimulate the local economy by creating manufacturing, transportation, construction, operations, and management jobs while addressing the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions at an accelerated pace. The Project, which will also assist in meeting the CO2 reduction requirements set forth in California?s Climate Change law, presents a major opportunity for both the environment as well as the region. C6 Resources is conducting the Project in collaboration with federally-funded research centers, such as Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and Lawrence Livermore National Lab. C6 Resources and Shell have identified CCS as one of the critical pathways toward a worldwide goal of providing cleaner energy. C6 Resources, in conjunction with the West Coast Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (WESTCARB), has conducted an extensive and ongoing public outreach and CCS education program for local, regional and state-wide stakeholders. As part of a long term relationship, C6 Resources will continue to engage directly with community leaders and residents to ensure public input and transparency. This topical report summarizes the technical work from Phase 1 of the Project in the following areas: ? Surface Facility Preliminary Engineering: summarizes the preliminary engineering work performed for CO2 capture, CO2 compression and dehydration at the refinery, and surface facilities at the sequestration site ? Pipeline Preliminary Engineering: summarizes the pipeline routing study and preliminary engineering design ? Geologic Sequestration: summarizes the work to characterize, model and evaluate the sequestration site ? Monitoring, Verification and Accounting (MVA): summarizes the MVA plan to assure long-term containment of the sequestered CO2

Hymes, Edward

2010-06-16

369

California's Green Economy  

E-print Network

California's Green Economy California Green Workforce Coalition July 9, 2010 Bonnie Graybill Employment Development Department Labor Market Information Division #12;Understanding the Green Economy What's green economy Demand leads to pressure for additional supply of products and services Survey covers

370

California Educational Research Association  

E-print Network

, California Department of Education "Transitioning to the Future: Common Core State Standards, New Assessments's efforts with implementing California's Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and the future of CCSS related

Rose, Michael R.

371

CALIFORNIA CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION CARBON SEQUESTRATION THROUGH CHANGES IN LAND USE IN WASHINGTON. Carbon Sequestration Through Changes in Land Use in Washington: Costs and Opportunities. California for Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration in Oregon. Report to Winrock International. #12;ii #12;iii Preface

372

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSIONGUIDEBOOK  

E-print Network

renewable energy, production incentives, renewables portfolio standard, biomass, solar thermal electricCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION COMMISSIONGUIDEBOOK EXISTING RENEWABLE FACILITIES PROGRAM FIFTH EDITION SEPTEMBER 2008 CEC-300-2008-002-CMF Arnold Schwarzenegger, Governor #12;#12;#12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY

373

California Energy Commission: Fuels.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Fuel is critical to California's economy. Consumer expenditures on fuel alone amount to $34 billion each year in California. But the contribution goes well beyond consumer expenses on the fuel itself. These fuels enable countless transactions in the marke...

1999-01-01

374

Determining gas-meter accuracy  

SciTech Connect

This article describes how engineers at the Metering Research Facility are helping natural-gas companies improve pipeline efficiency by evaluating and refining the instruments used for measuring and setting prices. Accurate metering of natural gas is more important than ever as deregulation subjects pipeline companies to competition. To help improve that accuracy, the Gas Research Institute (GRI) in Chicago has sponsored the Metering Research Facility (MRF) at the Southwest Research Institute (SWRI) in San Antonio, Tex. The MRF evaluates and improves the performance of orifice, turbine, diaphragm, and ultrasonic meters as well as the gas-sampling methods that pipeline companies use to measure the flow of gas and determine its price.

Valenti, M.

1997-03-01

375

California Energy Commission LEAD COMMISSIONER REPORT  

E-print Network

and renewable fuels supports California's commitment to curb greenhouse gas emissions, reduce petroleum use measurable transition from the nearly exclusive use of petroleum fuels to a diverse portfolio of alternative fuels that meet petroleum reduction goals and alternative fuel use goals." The Energy Commission has

376

California Energy Commission COMMITTEE FINAL REPORT  

E-print Network

emissions, reduce petroleum use, improve air quality, and stimulate the sustainable production and use measurable transition from the nearly exclusive use of petroleum fuels to a diverse portfolio of alternative The increased use of alternative and renewable fuels supports California's commitment to curb greenhouse gas

377

California Energy Commission SUPPLEMENTAL STAFF REPORT  

E-print Network

SP #12;CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Joe Loyer Primary Author Maziar Shirakh, P.E. Project Manager of electricity and natural gas. · The reduction of wall insulation requirements in some climate zones; · The elimination of roof deck insulation requirements in some climate zones; · The elimination of quality

378

Tectonic comparisons of Caucasus and California cordillera  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many parallels exist between the Caucasus region, shaped as the Eurasian and Arabian-African plates converged during the Cenozoic Alpine orogeny, and California, where the North American and Pacific plates interact. The Forecaucasian platform hosts many large oil and gas fields in molasse-filled foredeeps of high heat flow. Production is from Permian to Pliocene tight anticlines on reverse faults, diapiric structures,

Mulhern

1986-01-01

379

California sketches out ambitious climate roadmap  

SciTech Connect

The Global Warming Solutions Act, passed in 2006, requires a reduction of 10% from current levels of greenhouse gas (GHG) production by 2020. The details on how to achieve this reduction are left to the California Air Resources Board (CARB). The actions taken by CARB are summarized, and its recommended GHG reduction measures are tabulated.

NONE

2008-07-15

380

Seven: Southern California Survey  

E-print Network

Report. Southern California Earthquake Data Center.the Southern California region has about 10,000 earthquakes,Southern California residents have confidence in their local governments ability to respond quickly and effectively in the aftermath of a major earthquake.

Haselhoff, Kim; Ong, Paul

2006-01-01

381

Mechanical Engineer Company Description  

E-print Network

Mechanical Engineer Company Description Control Solutions Inc. is a small, dynamic, and rapidly. Position Description The Mechanical Engineer is responsible for all aspects associated with the mechanical enclosures, brackets, cabling assemblies among others. Systems include mechanisms, sensors, hydraulics, among

Kostic, Milivoje M.

382

Small company, big plans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

German company Novaled has built a business around a doping technology that increases the efficiency of organic LEDs. Its materials have broken many efficiency records and are being used in a wide range of applications, reports Nadya Anscombe.

2009-08-01

383

eCompany Now  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The online counterpart to the newly launched eCompany Magazine, eCompany Now strives "to be the straight-talking, sophisticated companion to business people who face the risks and opportunities the Web brings to the business world." Along with articles lifted from the print publication, eCompany Now has created several value-added features, including Web Files, which are online resources that correlate to articles in the paper version of the magazine. The site also provides interactive bulletin boards in its Discussion section, links, news headlines, and Hot Topics, which are groupings of articles, links, and bulletin boards related to single topics. While this site obviously has been created to enhance the print edition, eCompany Magazine, even those who don't subscribe to the hard copy will find the information on Web businesses helpful and interesting.

384

Oil and gas, 1985  

SciTech Connect

This book provides a discussion of international oil and gas industry, with corporate and financial information on over 900 companies worldwide. It also provides typical company entries list, where appropriate: head office address, telephone and telex numbers; senior personnel and their functions; ownership and subsidiaries; operating locations; property; exploration activities; production and reserves figures; three-year coverage of financial results. There are details of international associations, oil brokers and traders, and company and geographical indexes.

Not Available

1984-01-01

385

Measurements of organic molecular markers in California using comprehensive 2-Dimensional Gas Chromatograph High-Resolution Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (GCxGC-HRTOF-MS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding the sources and transformation processes of organic aerosol requires detailed speciation of organic compounds. Molecular markers specific to individual sources help determine the contribution of each source to organic aerosol emissions. In previous work using one-dimensional gas-chromatograph mass spectrometry (GC/MS), less than 10-20% of the organic fraction has been identified, with a large contribution of unresolved complex mixture (UCM). Two-dimensional gas-chromatograph is a novel technique which provides excellent resolution to separate compounds buried in this complex mixture. In addition to a volatility-based chromatographic separation, compounds are further separated on a second column based on their polarities. Here we report measurements of more than 200 resolved compounds observed on filters collected during CalNex 2010 in Bakersfield and Pasadena, and during a large biomass burning event in the Los Angeles area (Station Fire). High volume filter samples are thermally desorbed in a Gerstel Thermal Desorption System (TDS2) and preconcentrated on a cooled inlet (CIS). The compounds are then analyzed by comprehensive 2-dimensional GC using a Zoex modulator, followed by high-resolution mass spectrometry (Tofwerks). Compound identification is carried out by comparison of retention times with known standards, mass spectral library match, and identification of molecular fragments by exact mass. A wide range of compounds are observed: n-alkanes, polyaromatic hydrocarbons, and oxygenated compounds such as acids, esters and ketones. While levoglucosan was observed in organic aerosol produced during the Station Fire, many other compounds revealed by two-dimensional GC (such as resin acids, lignin pyrolysis products) show elevated signals, suggesting that other molecular markers can provide additional information about aerosol formation processes during biomass burning events.

Chan, A. W.; Isaacman, G. A.; Worton, D. R.; Kreisberg, N. M.; Schilling, K. A.; Craven, J. S.; Metcalf, A. R.; Hersey, S. P.; Rubitschun, C. L.; Lin, Y. H.; Offenberg, J. H.; Surratt, J. D.; Seinfeld, J.; Hering, S. V.; Goldstein, A. H.

2011-12-01

386

Paper presented at Conference on Workplace Learning (WL 2004), Copenhagen, DK, 25-27 November, 2004 Introducing E-Learning in a Norwegian Service Company with  

E-print Network

Introducing E-Learning in a Norwegian Service Company with Participatory Design and Evolutionary Prototyping of e-learning in a Norwegian service company, a gas station division of an oil company. This company in the Norwegian service industry, and many companies are now pursuing various forms of e-learning for all or part

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

387

California rides the tiger  

SciTech Connect

Revolutions rarely succeed without a struggle. At the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), the move to restructure the state`s electric utility industry is no exception. The stakes are enormous. For starters, annual revenues at the state`s investor-owned electric utilities (IOUs) exceed $18 billion, making up 2 percent of California`s gross state product. Competitively priced electricity is vital to California`s $800-billion-a-year economy, one would think. And with its sweeping restructing plan, the CPUC has found itself riding a tiger, hoping it won`t get swallowed whole in the process.

Garner, W.L.

1995-01-01

388

6 University of Southern California Edward P. Roski Jr., President and Chief  

E-print Network

Kusmiersky, President, The Brickstone Companies Daniel D. Lane, Chairman, Lane/Kuhn Pacific, Inc. David L6 University of Southern California Chairman Edward P. Roski Jr., President and Chief Executive, President, Cruz & Associates Richard DeBeikes Jr., President, DeBeikes Investment Company David H. Dornsife

Southern California, University of

389

6 University of Southern California Edward P. Roski, Jr., President and Chief  

E-print Network

Kusmiersky, President, The Brickstone Companies Daniel D. Lane, Chairman, Lane/Kuhn Pacific, Inc. David L6 University of Southern California Chairman Edward P. Roski, Jr., President and Chief Executive Company David H. Dornsife, Chairman of the Board, The Herrick Corporation Michele Dedeaux Engemann

Southern California, University of

390

The superefficient company.  

PubMed

Most companies do a great job promoting efficiency within their own walls, streamlining internal processes wherever possible. But they have less success coordinating cross-company business interactions. When data pass between companies, inconsistencies, errors, and misunderstandings routinely arise, leading to wasted work--for instance, the same sales, order entry, and customer data may be entered repeatedly into different systems. Typically, scores of employees at each company manage these cumbersome interactions. The costs of such inefficiencies are very real and very large. In this article, Michael Hammer outlines the activities and goals used in streamlining cross-company processes. He breaks down the approach into four stages: scoping--identifying the business process for redesign and selecting a partner; organizing--establishing a joint committee to oversee the redesign and convening a design team to implement it; redesigning--taking apart and reassembling the process, with performance goals in mind; and implementing--rolling out the new process and communicating it across the collaborating companies. The author describes how several companies have streamlined their supply-chain and product development processes. Plastics compounder Geon integrated its forecasting and fulfillment processes with those of its main supplier after watching inventories, working capital, and shipping times creep up. General Mills coordinated the delivery of its yogurt with Land O'Lakes; butter and yogurt travel cost effectively in the same trucks to the same stores. Hammer says this new kind of collaboration promises to change the traditional vocabulary of corporate relationships. What if you and I sell different products to the same customer? We're not competitors, but what are we? In the past, we didn't care. Now, we should, the author says. PMID:11550633

Hammer, M

2001-09-01

391

Determination of pesticides associated with suspended sediments in the San Joaquin River, California, USA, using gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry  

USGS Publications Warehouse

An analytical method useful for the quantification of a range of pesticides and pesticide degradation products associated with suspended sediments was developed by testing a variety of extraction and cleanup schemes. The final extraction and cleanup methods chosen for use are suitable for the quantification of the listed pesticides using gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry and the removal of interfering coextractable organic material found in suspended sediments. Methylene chloride extraction followed by Florisil cleanup proved most effective for separation of coextractives from the pesticide analytes. Removal of elemental sulfur was accomplished with tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfite. The suitability of the method for the analysis of a variety of pesticides was evaluated, and the method detection limits (MDLs) were determined (0.1-6.0 ng/g dry weight of sediment) for 21 compounds. Recovery of pesticides dried onto natural sediments averaged 63%. Analysis of duplicate San Joaquin River suspended-sediment samples demonstrated the utility of the method for environmental samples with variability between replicate analyses lower than between environmental samples. Eight of 21 pesticides measured were observed at concentrations ranging from the MDL to more than 80 ng/g dry weight of sediment and exhibited significant temporal variability. Sediment-associated pesticides, therefore, may contribute to the transport of pesticides through aquatic systems and should be studied separately from dissolved pesticides.

Bergamaschi, B. A.; Baston, D. S.; Crepeau, K. L.; Kuivila, K. M.

1999-01-01

392

18 CFR 366.7 - Procedures for obtaining exempt wholesale generator and foreign utility company status.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...for obtaining exempt wholesale generator and foreign utility company...FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT BOOKS AND RECORDS ...Federal Power Act and the Natural Gas Act 366.7 Procedures for obtaining exempt wholesale generator and foreign utility...

2011-04-01

393

18 CFR 366.7 - Procedures for obtaining exempt wholesale generator and foreign utility company status.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for obtaining exempt wholesale generator and foreign utility company...FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT BOOKS AND RECORDS ...Federal Power Act and the Natural Gas Act 366.7 Procedures for obtaining exempt wholesale generator and foreign utility...

2013-04-01

394

18 CFR 366.7 - Procedures for obtaining exempt wholesale generator and foreign utility company status.  

...for obtaining exempt wholesale generator and foreign utility company...FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT BOOKS AND RECORDS ...Federal Power Act and the Natural Gas Act 366.7 Procedures for obtaining exempt wholesale generator and foreign utility...

2014-04-01

395

18 CFR 366.7 - Procedures for obtaining exempt wholesale generator and foreign utility company status.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...for obtaining exempt wholesale generator and foreign utility company...FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT BOOKS AND RECORDS ...Federal Power Act and the Natural Gas Act 366.7 Procedures for obtaining exempt wholesale generator and foreign utility...

2012-04-01

396

Reducing a Companies Carbon Footprint through Energy Saving Best Practices at a Dairy Manufacturing Facility  

E-print Network

the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Standard (GHG Protocol) to insure that we have a uniform way to identify, track, and compare companys carbon footprints. The GHG Protocol only considers the GHG emission in which the company has control over...

Kortan, Michael J.

2010-12-17

397

Horizontal divestiture of energy companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussions in the past have centered around both vertical (company ownership of production, refining, transportation, marketing) and horizontal (company ownership of oil, coal, uranium, shale, and other energy sources) integration. Many think that integration of either type is undesirable and propose instead, divestiture - breaking up the energy companies in component parts. Vertical divestiture would break up an oil company

T. Ruefli; H. Askari; M. Kennedy

1977-01-01

398

The light company  

SciTech Connect

The story of the Houston Lighting and Power Company reflects the history of Houston and Texas' upper Gulf Coast. Their stories intertwine through more than a century of booms and busts, hurricanes and floods, disputes and agreements, oil bonanzas and oil embargoes, and an assortment of wars and riots. The author presents the facts in human terms, with scores of first-person accounts. She traces the growth of the company from its beginnings as a novel business venture by a few entrepreneurs into the powerful corporation that today serves eleven counties and more than 3.5 million Texans. The story of Houston Lighting and Power Company captures the determination and pioneering spirit of people who for more than one hundred years have met the growing demands of the most dynamic region in Texas.

Budd, M.

1987-01-01

399

Times are taxing for UK companies  

SciTech Connect

Despite excellent prospects for new petroleum discoveries in the United Kingdom sector of the North Sea, a drop of oil prices and taxation has caused a slow down in development activities. Gas exploration is beginning to attract attention because of higher prices and a new bill which allows oil companies to sell gas directly to industry. A site licensing project by the government is expected to boost exploration. Recent exploration in the Norwegian sector has confirmed sufficient reserves to maintain current production levels for the next century. Reserves of natural gas were also appraised, particularly in the Sleipner area. A gas-gathering pipeline system has been planned for dry and wet gases. Oil production has declined since 1980, but with new platforms, production is expected to increase. (JBF)

Steven, R.R.

1982-06-20

400

CALIFORNIA DROUGHT State of California The Resources Agency California Department of Water Resources  

E-print Network

CALIFORNIA DROUGHT AN UPDATE 2008 State of California · The Resources Agency · California Department of Water Resources #12;CALIFORNIA DROUGHT, AN UPDATE April 2008 DEPARTME NT OF WATER R ESOURCES ST for Resources The Resources Agency Lester A. Snow Director Department of Water Resources #12;CALIFORNIA DROUGHT

401

Company Town Shutdown.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Saltville, Virginia, is a former company town whose main employer, a soda ash plant, shut down on July 1, 1971. The closure of the chemical plant displaced 700 workers, and created a crisis that threatened not only the existence of the town, but of the entire region. In response, Virginia Highlands Community College (VHCC), in cooperation with the

Turnage, Martha A.

402

Accounting Projects Company Description  

E-print Network

Accounting Projects Company Description: CPA firm performing accounting services, bookkeeping for multiple years, starting with the 2008 calendar year, using QuickBooks accounting software. Bank and credit card statements will be used for multiple checking, savings, and credit card accounts to capture data

Dahl, David B.

403

Energy Management Program of an Integrated National Oil Company in the Middle-East  

E-print Network

(GOSPs), 5 wholly-owned oil refineries processing 1600 MBD of crude, 5 gas-processing plants, and 2 condensate fractionation plants. The Companys total in-Kingdom energy consumption in 2005 was over 50,000 MMBtu/h of fuel gas and liquids, and 1.55 GW...

Kumana, J. D.; Aseeri, A. S.

2007-01-01

404

California Nonresident Tuition Exemption Request For Eligible California High School Graduates  

E-print Network

California Nonresident Tuition Exemption Request For Eligible California High School Graduates Note, proof of high school attendance in California). Contact the California Community College, University, am applying for a California Nonresident Tuition Exemption for eligible California high school

405

Survey of potential geopressured resource areas in California. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the initial results of a survey of the occurrence and characteristics of geopressured fluid resources in California using the publicly- available database involving more than 150,000 oil and gas wells drilled in the State. Of the 975 documented on-shore oil and gas pools studied, about 42% were identified as potentially geopressured. Geothermal gradients in California oil and gas fields lie within the normal range of 1 F to 2 F per 100 feet. Except for the Los Angeles Basin, there was no evidence of higher temperatures or temperature gradients in geopressured pools.

Sanyal, S.K.; Robertson-Tait, A.; Kraemer, M.; Buening, N.

1993-03-01

406

California energy flow in 1993  

SciTech Connect

Energy consumption in the state of California decreased about 3% in 1993 reflecting continuation of the recession that was manifest in a moribund construction industry and a high state unemployment that ran counter to national recovery trends. Residential/commercial use decreased slightly reflecting a mild winter in the populous southern portion of the state, a decrease that was offset to some extent by an increase in the state population. Industrial consumption of purchased energy declined substantially as did production of self-generated electricity for in-house use. Consumption in the transportation sector decreased slightly. The amount of power transmitted by the utilities was at 1992 levels; however a smaller proportion was produced by the utilities themselves. Generation of electricity by nonutilities, primarily cogenerators and small power producers, was the largest of any state in the US. The growth in the number of private power producers combined with increased amounts of electricity sold to the public utilities set the stage for the sweeping proposals before the California Public Utility Commission to permit direct sales from the nonutilities to retail customers. California production of both oil and natural gas declined; however, to meet demand only the imports of natural gas increased. A break in the decade-long drought during the 1992--1993 season resulted in a substantial increase in the amount of hydroelectricity generated during the year. Geothermal energy`s contribution increased substantially because of the development of new resources by small power producers. Decline in steam production continued at The Geysers, the state`s largest field, principally owned and managed by a public utility. Increases in windpower constituted 1--1/2% of the total electric supply--up slightly from 1992. Several solar photo voltaic demonstration plants were in operation, but their contribution remained small.

Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

1995-04-01

407

California energy flow in 1993  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy consumption in the state of California decreased about 3% in 1993 reflecting continuation of the recession that was manifest in a moribund construction industry and a high state unemployment that ran counter to national recovery trends. Residential/commercial use decreased slightly reflecting a mild winter in the populous southern portion of the state, a decrease that was offset to some extent by an increase in the state population. Industrial consumption of purchased energy declined substantially as did production of self-generated electricity for in-house use. Consumption in the transportation sector decreased slightly. The amount of power transmitted by the utilities was at 1992 levels; however a smaller proportion was produced by the utilities themselves. Generation of electricity by nonutilities, primarily cogenerators and small power producers, was the largest of any state in the US. The growth in the number of private power producers combined with increased amounts of electricity sold to the public utilities set the stage for the sweeping proposals before the California Public Utility Commission to permit direct sales from the nonutilities to retail customers. California production of both oil and natural gas declined; however, to meet demand only the imports of natural gas increased. A break in the decade-long drought during the 1992-1993 season resulted in a substantial increase in the amount of hydroelectricity generated during the year. Geothermal energy's contribution increased substantially because of the development of new resources by small power producers. Decline in steam production continued at The Geysers, the state's largest field, principally owned and managed by a public utility. Increases in windpower constituted 1-1/2% of the total electric supply, up slightly from 1992. Several solar photovoltaic demonstration plants were in operation, but their contribution remained small.

Borg, I. Y.; Briggs, C. K.

1995-04-01

408

STATE OF CALIFORNIA --NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-print Network

sought under this solicitation will focus on improving power density and engine control technologies COMMISSION 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, California 95814 Main website: www.energy.ca.gov NOTICE OF PROPOSED AWARDS Advanced Natural Gas Engine Research and Development for Class 3 through Class 7 Applications

409

NOTICE OF DECISION BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION To: California Resources Agency  

E-print Network

MW cogeneration project consists of four 75-MWnatural-gas fired combustion turbines equipped with dry Low NOx combustors and four heat recovery steam generators capable of providing steam to the adjacent removal and replacement of combustion hardware. On November 30, 2011, the California Energy Commission

410

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara Circumaurality (Listening around Sound): Representing of Philosophy in Media Arts and Technology University of California, Santa Barbara, December 2011 (expected ­ Media Arts and Technology Program, Department of Art University of California, Santa Barbara, 2008

California at Santa Barbara, University of

411

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT  

E-print Network

California Energy Commission STAFF REPORT ESTIMATING BURNER TIP PRICES, USES, AND POTENTIAL Deaver, Paul. 2013. Estimating Burner Tip Prices, Uses, and Potential Issues. California Energy ISSUES CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Edmund G. Brown Jr., Governor NOVEMBER 2013 CEC2002013006

412

California Energy Commission COMMISSION REPORT  

E-print Network

fuels that meet petroleum reduction goals and alternative fuel use goals." The Energy Commission has fuel use; and spur developing bioenergy sources in California. It details how the California Energy California Energy Commission COMMISSION REPORT 20132014 INVESTMENT PLAN UPDATE

413

NORTHERN CALIFORNIA METALLURGICAL SECTION  

E-print Network

Invention of The Transistor Personal Reminiscences" Stanford University Stanford, California Invention of The Transistor-Personal Reminiscences." 2. A panel discussion is tentatively planned following

Wu, Junqiao

414

22. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 2. United Engineering Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

22. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 2. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plans, section, & detail. Alben Froberg, Architect, 3454 Harlan Street, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 2. Plan no. 10,525. Various scales. March 1, 1942, last revised 3/15/43. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76. Approved for construction October 9, 1943. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Engineering Building, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

415

23. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 3. United Engineering Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 3. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plans, section, & detail. Alben Froberg, Architect, 3454 Harlan Street, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 3. Plan no. 10,525. Various scales. March 1, 1943, last revised 3/15/43. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76. Approved for construction October 9, 1943. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Engineering Building, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

416

Attitudes of California Dermatologists Toward Worker's Compensation  

PubMed Central

A survey-questionnaire on Worker's Compensation sent to 492 California dermatologists produced 268 replies, a recovery rate of 54 percent, representing approximately 10 percent of the practicing dermatologists in the United States. A total of 75 percent replied they treat Worker's Compensation patients; most of the 25 percent who replied they do not gave strong reasons for refusing to assume the care of these patients. The answers to the questionnaire given by the 201 California dermatologists who treat Worker's Compensation patients are tabulated and discussed. Although there exists considerable misunderstanding among physicians, insurance companies and employers on many aspects of Worker's Compensation, the situation is not without hope for improvement. Better knowledge of work procedures, more availability of precise information on the ingredients of work contactants and cooperation among the interested parties should improve the quality of care for these patients in the future. PMID:135417

Adams, Robert M.

1976-01-01

417

Gas Storage Technology Consortium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission & distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value.

Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

2006-01-01

418

GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CONSORTIUM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value.

Robert W. Watson

2004-01-01

419

GAS STORAGE TECHNOLGOY CONSORTIUM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value.

Robert W. Watson

2004-01-01

420

Gas Storage Technology Consortium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value.

Joel L. Morrison; Sharon L. Elder

2006-01-01

421

Gas Storage Technology Consortium  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value.

Joel Morrison

2005-01-01

422

Atmospheric modeling of the July 1991 metam sodium spill into California`s Upper Sacramento River  

SciTech Connect

The California Office of Emergency Services asked the Department of Energy`s Atmosphere Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory to determine the maximum credible air concentrations from a spill of metam sodium into California`s Upper Sacramento River. About 19,000 gallons of metam sodium herbicide were spilled into the river approximately 3 miles north of Dunsmuir, California, due to a tank-car derailment on the night of July 14, 1991. The herbicide moved in the river toward the northernmost finger of California`s largest reservoir, Lake Shasta, 45 miles to the south. As it flowed down the deep canyon, the water-soluble metam sodium decomposed into hydrogen sulfide and methylamine gases. Residents along the river were advised to evacuate the area, and a 50-mile stretch of Interstate 5 was temporarily closed. Response officials were also concerned that sunlight would readily evaporate the enlarged slick once it arrived into the still water of Lake Shasta on July 16. On July 15, ARAC used its three-dimensional emergency response modeling system to determine the highest instantaneous and 8-hour average air concentrations of toxic gas by- products over upper Lake Shasta. A quick response was possible using on-line topographic and geographic data bases in combination with forecasted southwestern surface winds. The worst-case calculation showed that the gases would be well below any health hazard.

Baskett, R.L.; Nasstrom, J.S. [EG and G Energy Measurements, Inc., Pleasanton, CA (United States); Watkins, J.J. Jr. [California State Office of Emergency Services, Sacramento, CA (United States); Ellis, J.S.; Sullivan, T.J. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1992-03-05

423

Company profile: tengion.  

PubMed

Founded in 2005, Tengion is a clinical-stage organ regeneration company with products in urologic, vascular and renal regeneration based on its proprietary Autologous Organ Regeneration Platform. Tengion uses biocompatible materials and a patient's own (autologous) cells to assemble neo-organs or neo-tissues that are designed to catalyze the body's innate ability to regenerate. Tengion is a fully-integrated organization, with scalable US and European manufacturing and distribution capabilities, experienced research, development, clinical and commercial teams, and significant intellectual property. The company's corporate headquarters and commercial manufacturing facility are in East Norriton, PA, USA, and its research offices, a development laboratory and a pilot manufacturing facility are located in Winston-Salem, NC, USA. Tengion's product candidates may ultimately address the most critical problems facing organ and tissue failure patients, enabling people to lead healthier lives without donor transplants or the side effects of related therapies. PMID:19438309

Bertram, Timothy

2009-05-01

424

Crabtree and Company  

NSF Publications Database

2 McBride, Lock & Associates February 16, 2001 REPORT SUMMARY AND HIGHLIGHTS National Science Foundation Office of Inspector General 4201 Wilson Boulevard Arlington, Virginia 22230 PURPOSE AND SCOPE OF AUDIT We have performed an audit of the costs claimed by Crabtree + Company to the National Science Foundation on the following NSF award: Award Number Award Period Audit Period LPA 97-14153. Those standards and the National Science Foundation Audit Guide require that we plan and perform the ...

425

California's English Learner Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English Learner (EL) students in California's schools are numerous and diverse, and they lag behind their native-English-speaking peers. Closing the achievement gap for EL students has been a long-standing goal for California educators, and there are some signs of success. Now that EL funding and curriculum issues are receiving a fresh level of

Hill, Laura E.

2012-01-01

426

of California, General Catalog  

E-print Network

2 Price $8.00 (on campus from the Bay Tree Bookstore), $15.00 shipped. Checks, payable to UC Regents UCSC 6 The University of California 6 The Santa Cruz Campus 8 Fields of Study 10 Academic Calendar 11, should be sent to the Catalog Order Department, Bay Tree Bookstore, University of California, Santa Cruz

California at Santa Cruz, University of

427

Forecasting southern California earthquakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1978 and 1979, California has had a significantly higher frequency of moderate to large earthquakes than in the preceding 25 years. In the past such periods have also been associated with major desctructive earthquakes, of magnitude 7 or greater, and the annual probability of occurrence os such an event is now 13 percent in California. The increase in seismicity

C. B. Raleigh; K. Sieh; L. R. Sykes; D. L. Anderson

1982-01-01

428

Forecasting Southern California Earthquakes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1978 and 1979, California has had a significantly higher frequency of moderate to large earthquakes than in the preceding 25 years. In the past such periods have also been associated with major destructive earthquakes, of magnitude 7 or greater, and the annual probability of occurrence of such an event is now 13 percent in California. The increase in seismicity

C. B. Raleigh; K. Sieh; L. R. Sykes; D. L. Anderson

1982-01-01

429

College Readiness in California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College readiness is measured by the number and percentage of 12th grade graduates who complete all the courses required for entrance to the University of California (UC) and/or California State University (CSU) with a grade of "C" or better. Course completion represents only a portion of the entrance requirements for UC or CSU; not all students

Lucile Packard Foundation for Children's Health, 2011

2011-01-01

430

Bioremediation companies engineer new consortia  

SciTech Connect

Bioremediation companies face technical and legal hurdles, which may result in the amalgamation of smaller remedial action companies. New breakthroughs in genetic engineering promise to counteract the specificity problems of microbial consortia.

Johnson, E.

1996-07-01

431

No Company Is An Island  

E-print Network

No company is an island. Utilities and their industrial customers are discovering that collaboration can breed opportunity while isolation can lead to ruin. Inter company relationships have changed over recent years and HL&P and its customers...

Maddox, A.

432

California Nonresident Tuition Exemption For Eligible California High School Graduates  

E-print Network

California Nonresident Tuition Exemption For Eligible California High School Graduates (The law colleges and universities in California). · Requirements: o The student must have attended a high school a California high school or attained the equivalent prior to the start of the term (for example, passing

de Lijser, Peter

433

CSEM WP 166 California's Greenhouse Gas Policies  

E-print Network

consumer boycott. The problem is still present but less severe if more Western states adopt carbon output from electricity generation. The problem is analogous to an ineffective consumer boycott. Further

Kammen, Daniel M.

434

OGJ200 companies posted strong financial year in 1997  

SciTech Connect

Companies on the OGJ200 list of publicly traded oil and gas producers in the US posted a second straight strong financial year in 1997. Net income slipped but was still at the second highest level on record. Most other indicators of financial and operating performance remained at high levels or posted increases in 1997. As always, data for this year`s list reflect the prior year`s operations. The paper discusses and presents data for the following: assets, revenue, stockholder`s equity, drilling activity, financial performance, group operation, changes in the group, the top 20 companies, and the fastest growing companies.

Beck, R.J.; Bell, L.

1998-09-07

435

46 CFR 15.1010 - California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Gas and Electric, Encina Power Plant, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at latitude 33...Company, Huntington Beach Marine Terminal, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at latitude...Chevron USA, El Segundo Marine Terminal, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at...

2011-10-01

436

46 CFR 15.1010 - California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Gas and Electric, Encina Power Plant, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at latitude 33...Company, Huntington Beach Marine Terminal, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at latitude...Chevron USA, El Segundo Marine Terminal, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at...

2010-10-01

437

46 CFR 15.1010 - California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Gas and Electric, Encina Power Plant, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at latitude 33...Company, Huntington Beach Marine Terminal, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at latitude...Chevron USA, El Segundo Marine Terminal, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at...

2012-10-01

438

46 CFR 15.1010 - California.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Gas and Electric, Encina Power Plant, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at latitude 33...Company, Huntington Beach Marine Terminal, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at latitude...Chevron USA, El Segundo Marine Terminal, lying within an area bounded by a line beginning at...

2013-10-01

439

Competitive intelligence in Tunisian companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate the degree of knowledge of competitive intelligence in Tunisian companies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach This exploratory study was conducted using semi-in-depth interviews and focus group with six executives in six companies in Tunisia. Three sectors were chosen for this study: communication technologies, manufacturing and commercial retailing. These companies are prevalent in Tunisia

Wadie Nasri

2011-01-01

440

The California Electricity Crisis: Editors Introduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This short piece introduces the papers in the special issue on the California Energy Crisis of 2000\\/2001. The papers illustrate aspects of the crisis, such as the role of the gas market, future trends for investment, and the crisis impact on consumers. Three papers analyze policy-makers responses to the crisis, with case studies of over-lapping regulation, the trade-off between prices,

Carl Blumstein; Richard Green

2002-01-01

441

Tampa Electric Company`s Polk Power Station IGCC project  

SciTech Connect

Tampa Electric Company (TEC) is in the construction phase of its new Polk Power Station Unit No. 1. This unique project incorporates the use of Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technology for electric power production. The project is being partially funded by the US Department of Energy (DOE), as part of the Clean Coal Technology Program. This will help to demonstrate this state-of-the-art technology, providing utilities with the ability to use a wide range of coals in an efficient, environmentally superior manner. During the summer of 1994, TEC began site development at the new Polk Power Station. Since that time, most of the Site work has been completed, and erection and installation of the power plant equipment is well underway. This is the first time that IGCC technology will be installed at a new unit at a greenfield site. This is a major endeavor for TEC in that Polk Unit No. 1 is a major addition to the existing generating capacity and it involves the demonstration of technology new to utility power generation. As a part of the Cooperative Agreement with the DOE, TEC will also be demonstrating the use of a new Hot Gas Clean-Up System which has a potential for greater IGCC efficiency.

Jenkins, S.D. [TECO Power Services Corp., Tampa, FL (United States)

1995-12-31

442

Allergan, a global health care company focused on discovering, developing and commercializing  

E-print Network

, Allergan Medical, in Goleta, California. For one of the world's leaders in the field, the move to the area innovative pharmaceuticals, biologics and medical devices, has established its Medical Device R & D center concerns of technology based companies, such as Allergan Medical, in their choice for a headquarters

Akhmedov, Azer

443

University of California, Santa Barbara  

E-print Network

#12;University of California, Santa Barbara General Catalog 2007/2008 University of California, Santa Barbara Published at Santa Barbara, California 93106 Volume 48, July 2007 Price on Campus: $6 Bookstore P.O. Box 13400, University Center Attn: Mail Order University of California, Santa Barbara Santa

Bigelow, Stephen

444

University of California, Santa Barbara  

E-print Network

University of California, Santa Barbara General Catalog 2008/2009 University of California, Santa Barbara Published at Santa Barbara, California 93106 Volume 49, July 2008 Price on Campus: $6.47 Domestic.O. Box 13400, University Center Attn: Mail Order University of California, Santa Barbara Santa Barbara

Bigelow, Stephen

445

University of California, Santa Barbara  

E-print Network

University of California, Santa Barbara General Catalog 2006/2007 University of California, Santa Barbara Published at Santa Barbara, California 93106 Volume 47, July 2006 Price on Campus: $6.47 Domestic.O. Box 13400, University Center University of California, Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, CA 93107

Bigelow, Stephen

446

Arnold Schwarzenegger THE CENTRAL CALIFORNIA  

E-print Network

and not necessarily those of the California Air Resources Board, the San Joaquin Valleywide Air Pollution Study Agency Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program Prepared By: California Air Resources Board Planning and Technical Support Division California Air Resources Board California Environmental Protection

447

DDT in California Sea Lions  

Microsoft Academic Search

WE wish to report extraordinary concentrations of DDT residues* in California sea lions, Zalophus californianus, which inhabit year round the coastal waters of California and Baja California, Mexico1. These waters receive agricultural runoff from California valleys where DDT has been used extensively2-4, and where residues have been increasing in the primary stages of some coastal pelagic food chains5.

Burney J. Le Boeuf

1971-01-01

448

California's Coastal Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site offers access to pages on the Geography of California Coastal Systems and on California Coastal Ecology. Much of the material is drawn from the California Coastal Commission's California Coastal Resource Guide. The California coast is a region of unsurpassed beauty and natural splendor, blessed with an abundance of rich and varied resources. The coast supports a diversity of plant communities and tens of thousands of species of insects and other invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, fish, birds, and mammals, including numerous rare and endangered species. From the lush redwood forests of the north to the wide, sandy beaches of the south, California's expansive coastline contains many distinct habitats. These habitats are the result of many different natural forces. The habitats/environments are: Coastal Mountains, Streams and Rivers, Marine Terraces, Bluffs and Headlands, Coastal Sand Dunes, Beaches, Wetlands, Rocky Intertidal Zones, Islands and Offshore Rocks, and Nearshore Waters and Open Ocean. Users of this site may also access the California Ocean and Coastal Environmental Access Network (Cal OCEAN), a web-based virtual library for the discovery of and access to ocean and coastal data and information from a wide variety of sources and in a range of types and formats. The goal of Cal OCEAN is to provide the information and tools to support ocean and coastal resource management, planning, research, and education via the Internet.

Commission, California C.

449

UCDavis University of California A California Energy  

E-print Network

% of USA, California new car buyers have a stable parking spot 25 feet from electricity each night 0% 10 Agency, Clean Energy Ministerial Electric Vehicle Initiative,(16 Energy Ministries), Clinton 40, Rocky-in Prius Battery kWh: Charge Time: Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 All Electric Range: Price: 3hrs/110v (15A) 1

California at Davis, University of

450

Field Demonstration of a Membrane Process to Separate Nitrogen from Natural Gas  

SciTech Connect

The original proposal described the construction and operation of a 1 MMscfd treatment system to be operated at a Butcher Energy gas field in Ohio. The gas produced at this field contained 17% nitrogen. During pre-commissioning of the project, a series of well tests showed that the amount of gas in the field was significantly smaller than expected and that the nitrogen content of the wells was very high (25 to 30%). After evaluating the revised cost of the project, Butcher Energy decided that the plant would not be economical and withdrew from the project. Since that time, Membrane Technology and Research, Inc. (MTR) has signed a marketing and sales partnership with ABB Lummus Global, a large multinational corporation. MTR is working with the company's Randall Gas Technology group, a supplier of equipment and processing technology to the natural gas industry. Randall's engineering group found a new site for the project at a North Texas Exploration (NTE) gas processing plant, which met with limited success. However, a small test system was installed at a Twin Bottoms Energy well in Kentucky. This unit operated successfully for six months, and demonstrated the technology's reliability on a small scale. MTR then located an alternative test site with much larger gas flow rates and signed a contract with Towne Exploration in the third quarter of 2006, for a demonstration plant in Rio Vista, California, to be run through May 2007. The demonstration for Towne has already resulted in the sale of two commercial skids to the company; both units will be delivered by the end of 2007. Total sales of nitrogen/natural gas membrane separation units from the partnership with ABB are now approaching $4.0 million.

Kaaeid Lokhandwala

2007-03-31

451

18 CFR 367.8000 - Accounts 800-894, Gas operation and maintenance accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operation and Maintenance Expense Chart of Accounts 367.8000 Accounts 800-894, Gas operation and maintenance accounts. Service companies must use...

2013-04-01

452

18 CFR 367.8000 - Accounts 800-894, Gas operation and maintenance accounts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operation and Maintenance Expense Chart of Accounts 367.8000 Accounts 800-894, Gas operation and maintenance accounts. Service companies must use...

2010-04-01

453

18 CFR 367.8000 - Accounts 800-894, Gas operation and maintenance accounts.  

...OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operation and Maintenance Expense Chart of Accounts 367.8000 Accounts 800-894, Gas operation and maintenance accounts. Service companies must use...

2014-04-01

454

Consolidation shrinks list of U.S. companies  

SciTech Connect

Mergers, acquisitions, and other forms of consolidation have again shrunk the Oil and Gas Journal list of publicly traded oil and gas producers in the US. The annual, assets-ranked compilation of companies, which began as the OGJ400 and became the OGJ300 in 1991, is now the OGJ200. Although the list has shrunk, the total of assets that it represents has held steady. And many of the asset changes reflect reevaluations and sales of properties unrelated to oil and gas production. As always, data for this year`s list reflect the prior year`s operations. Assets for the OGJ200 group totaled $480.8 billion for 1995, compared with $483.4 billion in 1994 for last year`s OGJ300, which included 281 companies. The 1993 assets total for 1994`s OGJ300 was $471.7 billion. Assets in 1994 for just the 200 companies that appear in this year`s list totaled $483.2 billion. Total stockholders` equity of companies represented by this year`s OGJ200 increased 1.9% from a year earlier to $174.4 billion. Comparisons of yearly totals must take into account the company changes that occur from list to list. In any given year the OGJ list represents a significant part of the US oil and gas industry and therefore accurately reflects overall industry activity and financial performance. In this report, except where specified otherwise, comparisons between 1995 and 1994 data will be for just the companies on this year`s list. The OGJ200 ranks companies by assets without regard to whether they use the full cost or successful efforts method of accounting.

Beck, R.J.; Bell, L.

1996-09-02

455

A Quantitative Analysis of Pricing Behavior In California's Wholesale Electricity Market During Summer 2000  

E-print Network

above, most of this capacity was ultimately sold to five out-of-state companies with large national unregulated power plant businesses. The nuclear and hydroelectric capacity, and the high-price contracts with QFs, were retained by California?s three... was unexpected (CEC, 2000) and has called into question whether electricity restructuring will bring the benefits of competition promised to consumers. Federal and State government officials have initiated investigations and issued reports about the behavior...

Joskow, Paul; Kahn, Edward

2004-06-16

456

U.S. Geological Survey input-data form and operational procedure for the assessment of conventional petroleum accumulations: Chapter 25 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey model for undiscovered conventional accumulations is designed to aid in the assessment of crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids (collectively called petroleum) resources. Conventional accumulations may be described in terms of discrete fields or pools localized in structural and stratigraphic traps by the buoyancy of oil or natural gas in water. Conventional accumulations are commonly bounded by a down-dip water contact. The assessment model requires estimates of the number and sizes of undiscovered conventional accumulations. Technically recoverable petroleum resources from undiscovered conventional accumulations are calculated by statistically combining probability distributions of the estimated number and sizes of undiscovered accumulations, along with associated risks and coproduct ratios. Probabilistic estimates of petroleum resources are given for oil in oil accumulations, gas (associated/dissolved) in oil accumulations, natural gas liquids in oil accumulations, gas (nonassociated) in gas accumulations, and total liquids (oil and natural gas liquids) in gas accumulations.

Klett, T.R.; Schmoker, James W.; Charpentier, Ronald R.

2007-01-01

457

California Energy Commission GUIDELINES  

E-print Network

legislation requires the California Energy Commission to establish eligibility criteria, conditions-funded incentives: High-quality solar energy systems with maximum system performance to promote criteria, conditions for incentives, rating standards, benchmarking, retrocommissioning, HERS

458

California Dust and Ash  

... View Larger Image The Santa Ana winds that typically blow through Southern California during late ... available at JPL November 27, 2003 - Santa Ana winds blow dust and ash over the Pacific. project: ...

2014-05-15

459

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-print Network

efficiency measures and renewable energy generation (both rooftop solar photovoltaic and supplyside increases imports into California, and · Assuming a fixed set of technology characteristics and costs plans, energy efficiency, renewable generation, solar photovoltaic, greenhouse gases, power generation

460

POSTGRADUATE MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA  

E-print Network

of helicopter brownout is related to soil moisture content, particle size distribution, and surface textureNAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS Approval for public use; distribution. 12a. DISTRIBUTION / AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 12

461

Fuels. (California Energy Commission).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Fuels Report is prepared in response to legislative requirements specified in Public Resources Code Section 25310(a). The statute calls for the California Energy Commission to submit to the Governor and Legislature a comprehensive report describing em...

1994-01-01

462

Why Hydrogen and Fuel Cells are Needed to Support California Climate Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

California has taken a leadership role on climate policy by adopting AB 32, the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, which caps state greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at 1990 levels by 2020, and by setting a follow-on goal of reducing GHG emissions 80% by 2050. Given that the transportation sector accounts for 40% of the state’s GHG emissions, it

Joshua M Cunningham; Sig Gronich

2008-01-01

463

California Wetlands Information System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Comprehensive wetlands information to the general public, the educational community, and government agencies. Though much of the information is California-specific, there is an abundance of location-independent information available. Topics covered include restoration and mitigation, wetlands policy, vernal pools, and the role the state agencies play in wetlands conservation. Site features many links to external resources. The "What's new" section features all the latest California wetlands news and research.

464

California Energy Commission  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website features information on policy, energy use, research, and special initiatives from California. Topics linked from the site include the Bioenergy Action Plan, the California Solar Initiative, climate change reports, the 2005 Integrated Energy Policy Report, and energy statistics. Also available here is Energy Quest, an opportunity for kids to learn about energy, plus the Consumer Energy Center, a source for consumer information on energy efficiency, energy rebates, transportation and renewable energy.

Commission, California E.; California, State O.

465

STAFF REPORT 2012 NATURAL GAS RESEARCH,  

E-print Network

STAFF REPORT 2012 NATURAL GAS RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEMONSTRATION REPORT CALIFORNIA Manager Energy Systems Research Office Mike Gravely Deputy Division Chief Energy Research and Development Division Laurie ten Hope Deputy Director Energy Research and Development Division Robert P. Oglesby

466

Boston Gas Photos  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For almost one hundred years, the Boston Gas Company documented their various infrastructure and maintenance projects by employing local commercial photographers to document everything from laying gas pipes to the construction of company facilities in and around Boston. The Boston Gas Company photographs are in the collection of the Boston College Libraries, and visitors to this site can check out almost 400 images which date from 1882 to 1972 here. As a whole, the collection offers a rather diverse portrait of urban life, with shots that include men at work, neighborhoods like Dorchester and East Boston under development, and street signage. Visitors can peruse the photographs by Library of Congress subject headings, geographic area, or by corporate name. Of course, visitors are also most welcome to create their own customized search via the search engine.

467

The three-dimensional geologic model used for the 2003 National Oil and Gas Assessment of the San Joaquin Basin Province, California: Chapter 7 in Petroleum systems and geologic assessment of oil and gas in the San Joaquin Basin Province, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We present a three-dimensional geologic model of the San Joaquin Basin (SJB) that may be the first compilation of subsurface data spanning the entire basin. The model volume spans 200 90 miles, oriented along the basin axis, and extends to ~11 miles depth, for a total of more than 1 million grid nodes. This model supported the 2003 U.S. Geological Survey assessment of future additions to reserves of oil and gas in the SJB. Data sources include well-top picks from more than 3,200 wildcat and production wells, published cross sections, regional seismic grids, and fault maps. The model consists of 15 chronostratigraphic horizons ranging from the Mesozoic crystalline basement to the topographic surface. Many of the model units are hydrocarbon reservoir rocks and threethe Cretaceous Moreno Formation, the Eocene Kreyenhagen Formation, and the Miocene Monterey Formationare hydrocarbon source rocks. The White Wolf Fault near the southern end of the basin divides the map volume into 2 separate fault blocks. The construction of a three-dimensional model of the entire SJB encountered many challenges, including complex and inconsistent stratigraphic nomenclature, significant facies changes across and along the basin axis, time-transgressive formation tops, uncertain correlation of outcrops with their subsurface equivalents, and contradictory formation top data. Although some areas of the model are better resolved than others, the model facilitated the 2003 resource assessment in several ways, including forming the basis of a petroleum system model and allowing a precise definition of assessment unit volumes.

Hosford Scheirer, Allegra

2013-01-01

468

Bethlehem steel seeks to import Canadian gas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bethlehem Steel Corporation is seeking US and Canadian government approval for a self-help gas arrangement that will enable the company to purchase nearly 11 billion cubic feet of natural gas from Canadian producers for use at its Burns Harbor, Indiana, steel making operation, according to company and federal regulatory sources. According to a spokesman with the Canadian National Energy Board,

Barber

1985-01-01

469

Deregulation of industrial gas prices without discrimination  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines a species of deregulation which is seen as most probable and suitable for the US natural gas industry. For gas distribution companies, at least, deregulation is not expected to be total or complete. Rather, those companies will continue to operate under the oversight of traditional utility regulatory agencies, but the latter, in response to the reality of

R. Littell; S. S. Skjei

1983-01-01

470

Energy Management at Deere & Company  

E-print Network

's operations. However, such an audit does allow one to prioritize the energy conservation effort to maximize its effectiveness. A full-time energy coordinator on location is essential to obtain maximum success in a conserva tion program. In a company...'s operations. However, such an audit does allow one to prioritize the energy conservation effort to maximize its effectiveness. A full-time energy coordinator on location is essential to obtain maximum success in a conserva tion program. In a company...

Boyd, M. P.

1979-01-01

471

Financial success in biotechnology: company age versus company science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research effort is to use the tenets of institutional theory to explore the relative stock market success of biotechnology companies. Previous research (Deng, Z., Lev, B., Narin, F., 1999. Science and technology as predictors of stock performance. Financial Analysts Journal 55(3), 2032.) has highlighted the relationship between the quality of companies' technology, as measured using quantitative

G. Steven McMillan; Patrick Thomas

2005-01-01

472

Pittsburg Power Company Renewable Energy Resources Procurement Plan  

E-print Network

"), the municipal electric and natural gas utility that Pittsburg Power Company ("PPC") operates on Mare Island Board. Section 3: Purpose This document comprises PPC's revision of its previously adopted RPS, the PPC Board adopted general RPS procurement targets for each of the three compliance periods. Pursuant

473

Privatising national oil companies: Assessing the impact on firm performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study empirically investigates the impact of privatisation on firm performance in the global oil and gas industry, where questions of resource control have regained widespread attention. Using a dataset of 60 public share offerings by 28 National Oil Companies it is shown that privatisation is associated with comprehensive and sustained improvements in performance and efficiency. Over the seven-year period

Christian Wolf; MICHAEL G. POLLITT

2008-01-01

474

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-print Network

Program 2014 Large Storage Water Heaters Test Laboratory Application Note: Completed Sample Test Report-mail (Address) Company Website (URL) Appliance Type(s): Gas-fired Large Storage Water Heaters Oil-fired Large Storage Water Heater Electric Large Storage Water Heater Test method(s): ANSI Z21.10.3­2011, Exhibits G1

475

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY EDMUND G. BROWN JR., Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-print Network

Program 2013 Large Storage Water Heaters Test Laboratory Application Note: Completed Sample Test Report-mail (Address) Company Website (URL) Appliance Type(s): Gas-fired Large Storage Water Heaters Oil-fired Large Storage Water Heater Electric Large Storage Water Heater Test method(s): ANSI Z21.10.3­1998, §2.9 and 2

476

STATE OF CALIFORNIA NATURAL RESOURCES AGENCY ARNOLD SCHWARZENEGGER, Governor CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION  

E-print Network

Technology Notice of Proposed Awards Proposed Awards REVISED - June 10, 2010 1 10 Kenworth Truck Company Stage Development, Demonstration, and Product Launch of Cummins Westport ISX11.9 G natural gas engine $1Truck: demonstration and Commercialization of Heavy Duty Battery Electric Trucks $759,259 $0 79.3% Finalist 17 Western

477

The Story of California = La Historia de California.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Story of California" is a history and geography of the state of California, intended for classroom use by limited-English-proficient, native Spanish-speaking students in California's urban middle schools. The book is designed with the left page in English and the right page in Spanish to facilitate student transition into comfortable use of

Bartel, Nick

478

Will Restructuring Hungarian Companies Innovate?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on insights from Joseph Berliner's work on innovation in the Soviet centrally planned economy and its reform variants, we analyze process innovation (technological development) and product development in restructuring Humngarian companies from 1992 to 1995. Using data from a survey questionaire responded to by 325 Hungarian companies, we conclude that decision-makers recognize the increasing uncertainty in their business environment

John P Bonin; Istvan Abel

1998-01-01

479

Will Restructuring Hungarian Companies Innovate?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on insights from Joseph Berliner's work on innovation in the Soviet centrally planned economy and its reform variants, we analyze process innovation (technological development) and product development in restructuring Humngarian companies from 1992 to 1995. Using data from a survey questionaire responded to by 325 Hungarian companies, we conclude that decision-makers recognize the increasing uncertainty in their business environment

John P Bonin; Istvan Abel

480

Ancillary services market in California  

SciTech Connect

This report includes sections on the following topics: (1) California restructured electricity system overview; (2) Reliability criteria; (3) Design of the California ISO ancillary services market; (4) Operation of ancillary services markets; (5) Ancillary services markets redesign; and (6) Conclusions.

Gomez, T.; Marnay, C.; Siddiqui, A.; Liew, L.; Khavkin, M.

1999-07-01

481

CONFIRMATORY SURVEY RESULTS FOR PORTIONS OF THE MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT FROM UNITS 1 AND 2 AT THE HUMBOLDT BAY POWER PLANT, EUREKA, CALIFORNIA  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E) operated the Humboldt Bay Power Plant (HBPP) Unit 3 nuclear reactor near Eureka, California under Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) provisional license number DPR-7. HBPP Unit 3 achieved initial criticality in February 1963 and began commercial operations in August 1963. Unit 3 was a natural circulation boiling water reactor with a direct-cycle design. This design eliminated the need for heat transfer loops and large containment structures. Also, the pressure suppression containment design permitted below-ground construction. Stainless steel fuel claddings were used from startup until cladding failures resulted in plant system contaminationzircaloy-clad fuel was used exclusively starting in 1965 eliminating cladding-related contamination. A number of spills and gaseous releases were reported during operations resulting in a range of mitigative activities (see ESI 2008 for details).

W.C. Adams

2011-04-01

482

Improved helium exchange gas cryostat and sample tube designs for automated gas sampling and cryopumping  

E-print Network

Improved helium exchange gas cryostat and sample tube designs for automated gas sampling, California 92093-0244, USA [1] In order to eliminate the use of liquid helium for the extraction of atmospheric gases from polar ice cores, two units of a redesigned top load helium exchange gas cryostat were

Severinghaus, Jeffrey P.

483

California State Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Those persons with an interest in the history and government of the Golden State will love the California State Archives, which were originally chartered to receive "¢â¬¦all public records, registered maps, books, papers, rolls, documents and other writings¢â¬¦which appertain to or are in any way connected with the political history and past administration of the government of California." On the site, visitors can learn about the local government records program, look over state government oral histories, or consider the particulars of the graduate internship program. In the Collections area, visitors can examine past iterations of California's constitution, take a look at select pieces of legislation, and browse Spanish and Mexican land grants. Finally, visitors can look through the fascinating working papers of the 1878-1879 Constitutional Convention, the site's first formal digitized collection.

2012-01-01

484

California Sheet Music Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With oversight provided by Professor Mary Kay Duggan of the University of California at Berkeley, the California Sheet Music Project provides online access to some 2000 pieces of sheet music published in California between 1852 and 1900. The project was funded by the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services, and also contains interesting ephemera ranging from a music publisher's catalog from 1872, advertisements, and photographs. The entire database may be searched or browsed by image subject (from the frontispiece of each composition) or by the subject addressed by each piece of music. Some of the songs included in the archive deal with beggars ("Just One Penny to Buy Bread," babies ("Baby's Asleep"), and politicians ("Horace Greeley's Grand March"). Finally the site also has several musical performances of pieces from the collection for the listening pleasure of those compelled to visit this interesting tribute to the sheet music of the Golden State.

Duggan, Mary K.

485

Forecasting southern california earthquakes.  

PubMed

Since 1978 and 1979, California has had a significantly higher frequency of moderate to large earthquakes than in the preceding 25 years. In the past such periods have also been associated with major destructive earthquakes, of magnitude 7 or greater, and the annual probability of occurrence of such an event is now 13 percent in California. The increase in seismicity is associated with a marked deviation in the pattern of strain accumulation, a correlation that is physically plausible. Although great earthquakes (magnitude greater than 7.5) are too infrequent to have clear associations with any pattern of seismicity that is now observed, the San Andreas fault in southern California has accumulated sufficient potential displacement since the last rupture in 1857 to generate a great earthquake along part or all of its length. PMID:17740956

Raleigh, C B; Sieh, K; Sykes, L R; Anderson, D L

1982-09-17

486

Forecasting southern California earthquakes  

SciTech Connect

Since 1978 and 1979, California has had a significantly higher frequency of moderate to large earthquakes than in the preceding 25 years. In the past such periods have also been associated with major desctructive earthquakes, of magnitude 7 or greater, and the annual probability of occurrence os such an event is now 13 percent in California. The increase in seismicity is associated with a marked deviation in the pattern of strain accumulation, a correlation that is physically plausible. Although great earthquakes (magnitude greater than 7.5) are too infrequent to have clear associations with any pattern of seismicity that is now observed, the San Andreas fault in southern California has accumulated sufficient potential displacement since the last rupture in 1857 to generate a great earthquake along part or all of its length.

Raleigh, C.B. (Columbia Univ., New York, NY); Sieh, K.; Sykes, L.R.; Anderson, D.L.

1982-09-17

487

18 CFR 367.4571 - Account 457.1, Direct costs charged to associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts 367.4571 Account 457.1, Direct costs charged to associate companies. This account must include...

2011-04-01

488

18 CFR 367.4571 - Account 457.1, Direct costs charged to associate companies.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...TO THE PROVISIONS OF THE PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 2005, FEDERAL POWER ACT AND NATURAL GAS ACT Operating Revenue Chart of Accounts 367.4571 Account 457.1, Direct costs charged to associate companies. This account must include...

2013-04-01

489

Selling green power in California: Product, industry, and market trends  

SciTech Connect

As one of the first US stages to open its doors to retail electric competition, California offers an important opportunity to assess the effectiveness of green power marketing as a mechanism for supporting renewable energy. This report is an interim assessment of key green power product, industry, and market trends in California. The report identifies and analyzes: the potential size of the green power market in California; the companies participating in the green power market; the green power products being offered and their prices; the impact of the green market on renewable generators and the environment; and the influence of several public policies and non-governmental programs on the market for green power. Data used in this paper have been collected, in large part, from surveys and interviews with green power marketers that took place between December 1997 and April 1998. There remain legitimate concerns over the viability of green power marketing to support significant quantities of renewable energy and provide large environmental gains, and it is far too early to assess the overall strength of customer demand for renewable energy. A critical finding of this report is that, because of the high cost of acquiring and servicing residential customers and the low utility default service price, green power marketing affords new energy service providers one of the only viable entrees to California`s residential marketplace.

Wiser, R.H.; Pickle, S.J.

1998-05-01

490

Solar water-heating performance evaluation-San Diego, California  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Report describes energy saved by replacing domestic, conventional natural gas heater with solar-energy subsystem in single-family residence near San Diego, California. Energy savings for 6 month test period averaged 1.089 million Btu. Collector array covered 65 square feet and supplied hot water to both 66-gallon solar storage tank and 40-gallon tank for domestic use. Natural gas supplied house's auxiliary energy.

1981-01-01

491

Emissions pathways, climate change, and impacts on California  

Microsoft Academic Search

The magnitude of future climate change depends substantially on the greenhouse gas emission pathways we choose. Here we explore the implications of the highest and lowest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change emissions pathways for climate change and associated impacts in California. Based on climate projections from two state-of-the-art climate models with low and medium sensitivity (Parallel Climate Model and Hadley

Katharine Hayhoe; Daniel Cayan; Christopher B. Field; Peter C. Frumhoff; Edwin P. Maurer; Norman L. Miller; Susanne C. Moser; Stephen H. Schneider; Kimberly Nicholas Cahill; Elsa E. Cleland; Larry Dale; Ray Drapek; R. Michael Hanemann; Laurence S. Kalkstein; James Lenihan; Claire K. Lunch; Ronald P. Neilson; Scott C. Sheridan; Julia H. Verville

2004-01-01

492

Photocopy of drawing located at National Archives, San Bruno, California ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of drawing located at National Archives, San Bruno, California (Navy #23l-A-3). MINSY "BUILDING 231 ALTERATIONS AND ADDITION PLANS, ELEVATION AND SECTIONS;" OCTOBER 12, 1961 - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Transportation Building & Gas Station, Third Street, south side between Walnut Avenue & Cedar Avenue, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

493

CSEM WP 103 The History of Electricity Restructuring in California  

E-print Network

in California and in the West, rising gas prices, the complexity of the market design, market power at Berkeley, lfried@uclink.berkeley.edu. Green: Department of Economics, University of Hull, R.J.Green@hull the analyses, interpretations, and recommendations that we hope will help foster a productive settling

California at Berkeley. University of

494

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara Nonlinear Media as Interactive Narrative A dissertation with an Emphasis in Music Composition, University of California, Santa Barbara, June 1999 Master of Music in Music Interdisciplinary Doctor of Philosophy in Media Arts and Technology, University of California, Santa Barbara, June

California at Santa Barbara, University of

495

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Santa Barbara Symbolic Data Path Analysis A Dissertation submitted Brewer, for his guidance and support throughout my graduate studies at University of California, Santa, to all of my teachers and colleagues at: University of California of Santa Barbara

Brewer, Forrest D.

496

Arnold Schwarzenegger THE CENTRAL CALIFORNIA  

E-print Network

Interest Energy Research Program Prepared By: California Air Resources Board PIERFINALPROJECTREPORT March Planning and Technical Support Division California Air Resources Board California Environmental Protection Prepared for: San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Study Agency Attn: Don McNerny, Chief Modeling & Meteorology

497

Arnold Schwarzenegger THE CENTRAL CALIFORNIA  

E-print Network

Interest Energy Research Program Prepared By: California Air Resources Board PIERFINALPROJECTREPORT March Planning and Technical Support Division California Air Resources Board California Environmental Protection Drive, Suite 120 San Ramon, CA 94583 Prepared for San Joaquin Valleywide Air Pollution Study Agency c

498

California's Continuation Schools. Research Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than 10% of California's public high school students attend some kind of alternative program. This brief summarizes the initial research study from the California Alternative Education Research Project, which examines continuation schools specifically. It summarizes "Alternative Education Options: A Descriptive Study of California

EdSource, 2008

2008-01-01

499

Southern California earthquake data center  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Southern California Earthquake Center Data Center (SCECDC) is the component of SCEC that stores the seismological, geodetic, and strong-motion data collected in southern California. These data are to be integrated into a probabilistic seismic hazard analysis of southern California known locally as the ``master model.'' The SCECDC is located at Caltech in Pasadena, and has been on-line since January.

Katrin Douglass; Lisa Wald

1992-01-01

500

Crustal structure of northern California  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis presents work from two regions in northern California, using seismic data collected during the Mendocino Triple Junction Experiment (1993 and 1994), and USGS data collected in 1977. Much of California geology records subduction processes active during much of the Mesozoic. About 29 Ma ago, the East Pacific Rise began interacting with the California subduction margin, and two triple

Nicola Jane Godfrey

1997-01-01