Note: This page contains sample records for the topic cambridge harvard university from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

77 FR 46120 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; Correction...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. The human...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue,...

2012-08-02

2

75 FR 28648 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA AGENCY: National...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. The human...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Ave.,...

2010-05-21

3

75 FR 33328 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; Correction...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. The human...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard [[Page 33329

2010-06-11

4

76 FR 62842 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA AGENCY: National...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University has completed an inventory...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University. Repatriation of the...

2011-10-11

5

Harvard University Archives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A series of three papers on the Harvard University Archives is presented. The first paper gives the history of the Archives and describes the collections. The second paper deals with the accessioning and preservation of records. The third paper describes ...

D. E. Horn

1969-01-01

6

3. Photocopy of photograph from Harvard University Archives James F. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Photocopy of photograph from Harvard University Archives James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman, photographers January 6, 1964 INNER COURT FROM SECOND TIER (THIRD FLOOR), LOOKING EAST - The Dunster, Dunster Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

7

2. Photocopy of photograph from Harvard University Archives James F. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Photocopy of photograph from Harvard University Archives James F. and Jean B. O'Gorman, photographers January 6, 1964 INNER COURT FROM SECOND TIER (THIRD FLOOR), LOOKING SOUTHEAST - The Dunster, Dunster Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

8

6. Photocopy of photograph (from 1867 Class Album, Harvard University ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Photocopy of photograph (from 1867 Class Album, Harvard University Archives, portfolio 24) Photographer unknown 1867 HOUSE ON ORIGINAL SITE - Garden House, 88 Garden Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

9

Harvard University: Ecology WWW Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by Harvard University, this extensive list of hyperlinked, ecology-related resources and organizations was compiled by Anthony R. Brach (of the Harvard University Herbaria and Missouri Botanical Garden) for use by researchers, teachers, and students. Visitors can locate a wide variety of websites by browsing a 14-part alphabetical list, or by using a keyword search engine. Examples from the list include the Atlantic Cooperative Wildlife Ecology Research Network, the Center for Microbial Ecology at Michigan State University, Kansas State University Range Research, the Organization of Biological Field Stations, the U.S. National Agricultural Library, the Orthopterists' Society, and many more. The Ecology WWW Page has mirror sites in Canada, and at the University of Lyon, in France.

10

Psychiatry in the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship: An Innovative, Year-Long Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors present what is to their knowledge the first description of a model for longitudinal third-year medical student psychiatry education. Method: A longitudinal, integrated psychiatric curriculum was developed, implemented, and sustained within the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship. Curriculum elements…

Griswold, Todd; Bullock, Christopher; Gaufberg, Elizabeth; Albanese, Mark; Bonilla, Pedro; Dvorak, Ramona; Epelbaum, Claudia; Givon, Lior; Kueppenbender, Karsten; Joseph, Robert; Boyd, J. Wesley; Shtasel, Derri

2012-01-01

11

Psychiatry in the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship: An Innovative, Year-Long Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors present what is to their knowledge the first description of a model for longitudinal third-year medical student psychiatry education. Method: A longitudinal, integrated psychiatric curriculum was developed, implemented, and sustained within the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship. Curriculum elements…

Griswold, Todd; Bullock, Christopher; Gaufberg, Elizabeth; Albanese, Mark; Bonilla, Pedro; Dvorak, Ramona; Epelbaum, Claudia; Givon, Lior; Kueppenbender, Karsten; Joseph, Robert; Boyd, J. Wesley; Shtasel, Derri

2012-01-01

12

The Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship: An Innovative Model of Clinical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship (HMS-CIC) is a redesign of the principal clinical year to foster students' learning from close and continuous contact with cohorts of patients in the disciplines of internal medicine, neurology, obstetrics- gynecology, pediatrics, and psychiatry. With year-long mentoring, students follow their patients through major venues of care. Surgery and radiology also are taught longitudinally, grounded

Barbara Ogur; David Hirsh; Edward Krupat; David Bor

2007-01-01

13

Cabot Science Library at Harvard University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cabot Science Library at Harvard University has announced its new WWW home page providing a variety of information and directional links to assist science students and researchers at Harvard and elsewhere. In addition to providing information about the library's services, collections and policies, this resource also provides guidance in how to access major scientific databases on campus, and points to useful Internet-accessible science resources including home pages of other science libraries, as well as a number of Harvard scientific publications currently being produced via WWW, and an HTML version of Cabot's popular topical research guides.

14

The Writing Center at Harvard University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Writing Center at Harvard University is perhaps the oldest formal writing center at an American university, and their complementary website presents a valuable trove of instructional handouts for writers young and old. On this page, visitors will find over a dozen helpful handouts with titles such as "How to Read an Assignment", "Essay Structure", "Developing a Thesis", "Summary", and "Revising the Draft". Each piece is written in clear prose, and the advice offered is sound and practical. Also, visitors should note that the site also includes a link to Harvard's guide to citation and integration of sources, "Writing with Sources", and a selection of links to other related writing style guides.

15

HarvardScience: Science and Engineering at Harvard University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Harvard's Science and Engineering Department website has much to offer, and even non-science and engineering folks will find a great deal to enjoy here. Articles such as "Using nanotechnology to improve a cancer treatment" and "New treatment extends life of melanoma patients by an average of four months in large clinical trial" can be read in full by clicking on the "full story" link at the end of each article's description on the homepage. A section called "In the Field" contains reports of Harvard students and professors working off campus. One of the more recent articles is entitled "I thought a bomb went off", and it is about a Harvard Medical School assistant professor who was in Haiti when the devastating January earthquake struck. Click on the photo next to the full story to see a makeshift clinic for 45,000 people. The doctor relays her feeling of helplessness when she was without supplies, without trained help, and the sheer number of injured. She resorted to using first aid kits from cars and cleverly used license plates she ripped off of cars to use as splints.

16

Harvard University Iranian Oral History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the Harvard University Center for Middle Eastern Studies, this site offers a selection of transcripts from the project's collection of interviews with 134 people "who either played major roles in important political events and decisions [in Iran] from the 1920s to the 1970s or witnessed these events from close range." At the site, visitors will find detailed information about the project, a list of interview subjects, a list of publications, information on accessing the full collection at libraries around the world, and the collection of online excerpts. At present, there are transcripts from interviews with sixteen individuals, two of which can only be viewed in Persian.

17

The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University: Plants  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University provides this in-depth Web site featuring plants found at the Arboretum and related information. Visitors to this site will find sections featuring selected plants at the Arboretum, collections management, on-site projects, a plant-information hotline, and a detailed table listing bloom times for dozens of plants; guidelines for adjusting dates for localities beyond New England are provided. The Featured Plants section, for example, includes a look at 18 of the Arboretum's 600+ trees and shrubs over 100 years old and a detailed introduction to the art of bonsai. Plant lovers anywhere should enjoy this interesting and nicely presented Web site.

2003-01-01

18

The Hidden Rule: A Critical Discussion of Harvard University's Governing Structure. [A Harvard Watch Report].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The governing structure of Harvard University is reviewed, and the findings include the following: (1) Harvard's present administrative and governance structure utilize corporate techniques of management that allow the president to diffuse administrative tasks without diffusing power--the difficulty of locating responsibility in the decentralized…

Weissman, Robert

19

Center for International Development at Harvard University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1998 by the Harvard Institute for International Development and the Kennedy School of Government, the Center for International Development (CID) is Harvard's primary center for research on sustainable international development. The CID is currently headed by Professor Dani Rodrik, who provides oversight and direction for the Center. On the site, visitors can learn about upcoming international development conferences sponsored by the Center, read about the various persons working at the Center, learn about various research programs, along with reading various reports associated with each area of inquiry. The site also contains a host of links to online research data sets for persons working in the field of international development, and to the Center's working papers and special reports. Some of the more compelling working papers address the situation of sustainable development in sub-Saharan Africa and the rise and fall of the Indonesian economy.

20

Harvard University High Energy Physics progress report  

SciTech Connect

The principal goals of this work are to carry out forefront programs in high energy physics research and to provide first rate educational opportunities for students. The experimental program supported through HEPL is carried out at the major accelerator centers in the world and addresses some of the most important questions in high energy physics. The program is based at Harvard's High Energy Physics Laboratory, which has offices, computing facilities, and engineering support, and both electronics and machine shops.

Not Available

1992-01-01

21

Still a Bad Idea. A Critique of Harvard University's Medical Science Partners Proposal. A Harvard Watch Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1988, Harvard University unveiled plans for Medical Science Partners (MSP), a venture capital fund intended to invest in and commercialize faculty biomedical projects. Critical of what is perceived as a "15 year long trend" wherein Harvard has "forged deeper and more extensive ties with the biomedical industry," the document asserts that MSP…

Weissman, Robert; Bourke, Jaron

22

The Lowells of Boston and the Founding of University Extension at Harvard  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author uses the occasion of the centennial of University Extension at Harvard to document how this unique educational institution came into being and why it became associated with Harvard University. He traces the prominent role played by the Lowell family in establishing the Lowell Institute of Boston in the late 1830s and…

Shinagel, Michael

2009-01-01

23

Collateral Damage: The Nationwide Reach of the Racial Controversy at Harvard University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the nationwide impact of Harvard University president Lawrence Summers' controversial words on affirmative action and the impact of this controversy on Harvard's continuing ability to attract the best African American students and academics. Explains that the fundamental issue is of institutional legitimacy. (SM)|

Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 2002

2002-01-01

24

Harvard University Computer-Aided Instruction (Cai) Laboratory.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is a detailed description of the Harvard CAI Laboratory, including its history, organization, functions, staffing, programs and support. Discussed are materials relating to CAI in general, such as psychological research, modes of instruction, a...

L. M. Stolurow T. I. Peterson

1968-01-01

25

The case for sustainable laboratories: first steps at Harvard University  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Laboratories typically consume 4-5 times more energy than similarly-sized commercial space. This paper adds to a growing dialogue about how to “green” a laboratory's design and operations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper is divided into three sections. The first section reviews the background and theoretical issues. A case is made for sustainable laboratories, introduce the Harvard Green Campus Initiative's

Jessica Woolliams; Matthew Lloyd; John D. Spengler

2005-01-01

26

The Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study at Harvard University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although Radcliff, the women's college affiliated with Harvard for over a century, ceased to formally exist in 1999, it became the highly regarded Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. Headed by the noted historian Drew Gilpin Faust, the mission of the Institute is "to create an academic community where individuals can pursue advanced work in academic disciplines, professions, or creative arts." At the institute's homepage, visitors can learn about the fellowship opportunities available at Radcliffe, along with reading about various research programs and upcoming events, such as lectures and conferences. Perhaps one of the best features of the site are the various archived audio and video recordings of speeches and conferences that have taken place at Radcliffe in recent years. For example, visitors can view the proceedings of a recent national conference on lethal school violence or watch and listen to the novelist Zadie Smith speak on "the morality of the novel."

27

Up the Garden Path: A Chemical Trail through the Cambridge University Botanic Garden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The living world is a rich source of chemicals with many medicines, dyes, flavorings, and foodstuffs having their origins in compounds produced by plants. We describe a chemical trail through the plant holdings of the Cambridge University Botanic Gardens. Visitors to the gardens are provided with a laminated trail guide with 22 stopping points…

Battle, Gary M.; Kyd, Gwenda O.; Groom, Colin R.; Allen, Frank H.; Day, Juliet; Upson, Timothy

2012-01-01

28

Arrival: Notes from the 2005 "Views on Understanding" Summer Institute, Harvard University Project Zero Research Center  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Of all the summer institutes for educators, the Harvard University Project Zero Research Center's "Views on Understanding" institute stands out as one of the few offering extensive exchanges amongst researchers and practitioners from all over the world. "Arrival" captures the experience of one participant while capturing the essences of plenary…

Fluellen, Jerry E., Jr.

2005-01-01

29

Our Public Intellectual: Matthew Battles--Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people take for granted the tools of the librarian's trade: typography, books, even the idea of a library. But when Matthew Battles looks at these things, he sees responses that evolved to meet human needs and wants to know more. What purposes were these tools put to and what do they tell people about the culture that produced them? What does…

Library Journal, 2004

2004-01-01

30

Our Public Intellectual: Matthew Battles--Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many people take for granted the tools of the librarian's trade: typography, books, even the idea of a library. But when Matthew Battles looks at these things, he sees responses that evolved to meet human needs and wants to know more. What purposes were these tools put to and what do they tell people about the culture that produced them? What…

Library Journal, 2004

2004-01-01

31

Lessons from Recent Web Surveys at Harvard University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of the entire process necessary to developing a university-wide web survey, from the community-building process for creating support for the survey and determining the questions, to the specific tasks necessary for designing and administering an efficient web product. (Contains 17 tables.)

Cheskis-Gold, Rena; Loescher, Ruth; Shepard-Rabadam, Elizabeth; Carroll, Barbara

2004-01-01

32

The Beginning of "Free Money" Ideology in American Universities: Charles W. Eliot at Harvard, 1869-1909  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rather than banking enormous gifts, Harvard University built its wealth by adhering to a coherent strategy that gradually became the common sense--the prevailing ideology--of how to build and maintain the wealth of private universities. President Charles W. Eliot formulated this "free money" strategy over the course of his administration from…

Kimball, Bruce A.; Johnson, Benjamin Ashby

2012-01-01

33

The EmbARK Programme: Project Update: DCI, the Harvard University Art Museums and EmbARK.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the history of automation at the Harvard University Art Museums, the collaboration between the museum and a vendor in developing a collections management system, and the current status of the project from the museum's perspective. Topics include imaging technology and image management; file structure; and management of change. (LRW)

Notman, Andrea T.

1994-01-01

34

University–industry engagement: The formation of the Knowledge Integration Community (KIC) model at the Cambridge-MIT Institute  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many countries are seeking to strengthen global economic competitiveness by building a ‘knowledge economy’ capability. A popular approach is supporting university–industry knowledge exchange linkages. The purpose of this paper is to show how a model developed by the Cambridge-MIT Institute (CMI) for the UK offers a more effective approach to knowledge sharing, and to present the results from one of

Edward B. Acworth

2008-01-01

35

Degrees of Influence: The Politics of Honorary Degrees in the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, 1900-2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The universities of Oxford and Cambridge had developed different attitudes towards the award of honorary degrees through the early and middle decades of the twentieth century. Recently, both have adopted a similar cautious and apolitical stance. This essay describes the role of honorary degrees in the production and reproduction of their cultural…

Heffernan, Michael; Jons, Heike

2007-01-01

36

Harvard's Historic Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author profiles Drew Gilpin Faust, a career academic who has risen to the top job at Harvard University and has been named president of Harvard after six years as leader of its small Radcliffe Institute. Ms. Faust, who is 59, grew up in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, raised by a father who bred Thoroughbred horses and a…

Wilson, Robin

2007-01-01

37

Harvard's Historic Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author profiles Drew Gilpin Faust, a career academic who has risen to the top job at Harvard University and has been named president of Harvard after six years as leader of its small Radcliffe Institute. Ms. Faust, who is 59, grew up in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, raised by a father who bred Thoroughbred horses and a…

Wilson, Robin

2007-01-01

38

Studiebesoeka pa Department of Engineering Science i Oxford och pa Cavendish Laboratory i Cambridge (Visit to Department of Engineering Science i Oxford and Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge University).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This travel report describes some interesting details observed during the visit at the Department of Engineering Science in Oxford and the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge. The visit at these two laboratories was part in a competence program in the field...

M. Oskarsson M. Jacob M. Nilsson J. Petersson A. Pettersson

2000-01-01

39

Harvard in the 17th and 18th Centuries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Several hundred years ago, Harvard University was a much smaller place, and higher education was only necessary to (or desired by) those hoping to enter a few select professions. Referring to this early period in Harvard's history, Josiah Quincy remarked in 1836 that "[Harvard] was, from the first, intimately connected with political and religious opinions and events." Supported by the Arcadia and the Sidney Verba Fund, this remarkable collection from the Harvard University Archives brings together thousands of items (such as diaries, maps, drawings, and legal documents) to tell the story of the institution during the 17th and 18th centuries. On the left side of the page, visitors will find topical headings that include College Life, Religion, and Personalities. It's a fine idea to start by looking through the College Life area. Here visitors will find droll commentaries on the cost and standard of living, along with notes on student discipline and humorous writings. Equally interesting is the Local and Regional History section. Here visitors can learn about Harvard's relationship with Cambridge, Native Americans, and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

2012-03-02

40

“The ‘Domestication’ of Heredity: The Familial Organization of Geneticists at Cambridge University, 1895–1910”  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early years of Mendelism, 1900–1910, William Bateson established a productive research group consisting of women and men studying biology at Cambridge. The empirical evidence they provided through investigating the patterns of hereditary in many different species helped confirm the validity of the Mendelian laws of heredity. What has not previously been well recognized is that owing to the

Marsha L. Richmond

2006-01-01

41

"He sees the development of children's concepts upon a background of sociology": Jean Piaget's honorary degree at Harvard University in 1936.  

PubMed

In the recent memory, Jean Piaget has been known as a cognitive developmental psychologist. But in 1936 when Harvard gave him his first honorary degree, he was recognized mainly as a sociologist. Why did Harvard honor him in 1936? Who knew his work well enough to nominate him? This article will address these questions by exploring archival documents from different sources. Evidence draws our attention to a broad social and intellectual endeavor in philanthropy, other social sciences, and especially industrial research that brought Piaget across the water. This article also attempts to interpret the circumstances of the nomination process inside and outside of Harvard University by using a theory of institutional design. It suggests that embodied in Harvard's honor of Piaget in 1936 was an idealistic act in social designing for a future society. PMID:15022668

Hsueh, Yeh

2004-02-01

42

Research consortium led by scientists at the University of Oxford and Harvard Medical School creates the world’s most advanced genetic map:  

Cancer.gov

A consortium led by scientists at the University of Oxford and Harvard Medical School has constructed the world’s most detailed genetic map. A genetic map specifies the precise areas in the genetic material of a sperm or egg where the DNA from the mother and father has been reshuffled in order to produce this single reproductive cell.

43

A world from brave to new: Talcott Parsons and the war effort at Harvard University.  

PubMed

This article argues that for Parsons and some of his colleagues at Harvard, the Second World War and the post-war period provided a context in which their work contributed to the transformation from totalitarianism to democracy in Central Europe (especially Germany) and Japan. The various agendas of Parsons' work are shown, supplemented by that of three of his colleagues with whom he collaborated (Gordon W. Allport, Carl J. Friedrich, Clyde Kluckhohn). The immediate effect of this work, for Parsons, however, meant frustration rather than fame, and his eventual reputation, I maintain, came unexpectedly with the third of his three attempts in the immediate post-war period to sum up what he believed were crucial insights that the Second World War had yielded concerning the ways in which sociology could contribute to the analytical understanding of democracy. The significance of this work is that it was both political and scientific. Because of the world situation of the 1940s, when the Holocaust in Germany was the nadir of civilization, Parsons believed that social science could contribute to the cause of making the world safe for future democracy. In the 1940s, this future depended on brave citizens, or such might have been Parsons' worldview. Targets envisaged for the 1950s, then, were community and citizenship in the newly democratic societies such as (West) Germany, the land that defeated Nazism. PMID:10398174

Gerhardt, U

1999-01-01

44

Harvard's Hard Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After nearly four years of debate, the Harvard University faculty voted, 182 to 65, to accept a proposal championed by Dean Henry Rosovsky that will result in a major overhaul of undergraduate academic requirements. Students at Luther Burbank Junior High School join together to stop their own vandalism and launch an all-out blitz to earn a…

Seligmann, Jean; Malamud, Phyllis

1978-01-01

45

Daguerreotypes at Harvard  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre first introduced the daguerreotype in 1839 in 1839, and it was the first publicly announced photographic process. Daguerreotypes are produced by treating a silver-coated copper plate with light-sensitive chemicals, exposing it in a camera, and developing it with a mercury vapor. Harvard University has collected these unique documents for over 150 years, and this digital collection provides interested parties with access to some of these items. Visitors can look at class photos of Harvard students, along with portraits of Henry James, Jenny Lind, and James McNeill Whistler. These portraits can be found in the "Portrait Sitters" area, along with those of Martin Van Buren and Horatio Alger. The site also contains links to a complete directory of photographs at Harvard and a detailed research guide.

46

Implementation of the Harvard Case Method through a Plan-Do-Check-Act Framework in a University Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2005, the Harvard Business School began to promote the Harvard case method (HCM) within the Asian region. Because of differences in classroom culture between Asian and Western countries, Asian participants' reaction to the HCM implementation is of interest. This study explores how the western initiated method was implemented in one of the…

Shieh, Ruey S.; Lyu, Jr Jung; Cheng, Yun-Yao

2012-01-01

47

Implementation of the Harvard Case Method through a Plan-Do-Check-Act Framework in a University Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the Harvard Business School began to promote the Harvard case method (HCM) within the Asian region. Because of differences in classroom culture between Asian and Western countries, Asian participants' reaction to the HCM implementation is of interest. This study explores how the western initiated method was implemented in one of the Asian…

Shieh, Ruey S.; Lyu, Jr Jung; Cheng, Yun-Yao

2012-01-01

48

Merton as Harvard sociologist: engagement, thematic continuities, and institutional linkages.  

PubMed

In this paper I explore the significance of the initial decade of Robert K. Merton's graduate and professional career, from 1931, when he entered the new doctoral program in sociology at Harvard, until 1939, when he joined the Department of Sociology at Tulane University as an associate professor and acting chairperson. Drawing on archival sources, as well as the professional literature, I examine how Merton engaged the exceptionally rich, interdisciplinary context of Harvard in the 1930s, including both interpersonal networks and diverse intellectual perspectives. In particular, I identify connections between Merton's early writing, "oral publications" and teaching, and three locally developed and dominant paradigms of sociology. Following an assessment of the influence of Merton's works published from 1934 to 1939, I trace continuities between Merton's achievements at Harvard and his subsequent teaching and research at Tulane and Columbia. I conclude that a fuller appreciation of Merton's "less noticed" decade in Cambridge is indispensable for understanding his overall career, and that it clarifies linkages across sociological work at three universities in the mid-twentieth century. PMID:20073056

Nichols, Lawrence T

2010-01-01

49

Harvard's New Chapter in Black Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the recent expansion of Harvard University's Afro-American Studies department into the African and African American Studies department. Provides brief profiles of departmental faculty. (EV)|

Roach, Ronald

2003-01-01

50

Harvard Public Health Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Harvard University's School of Public Health has a number of online outreach websites that address such topics as alcohol use among college students and HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment in the developing world. These topics and many others are covered in detail in the Harvard Public Health Review, which is available on this site. One of the more recent issues addressed public health concerns in China and India such as HIV/AIDS and these two countries' respective national health care systems. Currently, visitors have access to issues that date back to Fall 1998. Another feature of the site allows users to sign up to receive the latest edition of the Review via email.

51

Painting outside the Lines: Patterns of Creativity in Modern Art. By David W. Galenson. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 2001. Pp. xvi, 251. $29.95  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this engaging book, David Galenson formulates a complex question about modern art that he tries to answer with statistics, analysis, and exposition, enlivened with a rich sprinkling of well-chosen quotes. Posing an initial question At what stage of their lives have modern painters normally done their best work?, he finds that this age varies widely from artist to artist.

Gary Schwartz

2003-01-01

52

Harvard: Systems Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website features Systems Research at Harvard University. Projects described on this website focus on distributed computing, sensor networks, file systems, and systems integration. Researchers from the System Group also develop educational resources, including a platform for teaching an Introduction to Computer Sciences course and an instructional operating system. The researchers provide overviews of their projects and related publications are available to download. Past projects include a project that explored methodologies for application-specific benchmarking and a project that proposed a framework for developing Web applications with client-side storage.

53

Harvard Map Collection: Digital Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Not surprisingly, Harvard University has one of the largest map collections in the United States, with over 500,000 items. While not all of these items have been digitized for this site, visitors can take advantage of hundreds of the items here. First-time visitors should read the "Introduction" area and then browse through some of the map indexes. The site also includes technical information on the collection, and a selection of "Search Strategies". Some of the maps here document 17th century London, maps of the Revolutionary War, and towns in Massachusetts. The detailed search engine allows users to search by collection, keyword, and those records that have digital objects. Finally, the site also includes links to the Harvard Geospatial Library and the Harvard College Library.

54

The Universities in a Steady State: The Prospect from Cambridge. Report of the General Board on the Long-Term Development of the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report contains background to the present situation in Cambridge and nationally, discussion of decreasing growth rate and fixed upper limit to future growth, examination of "steady state" problems (e.g. how to maintain flexibility for change within a fixed budget), analysis of problems in transition to steady state including increase in…

Minerva, 1975

1975-01-01

55

Harvard Life Sciences/HHMI Outreach Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains animations and other resources for several life science topics explored at summer or fall workshops for high school teachers at Harvard UniversityâÂÂs Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology.

Robert A. Lue (Harvard University;); Tara Bennett (Harvard University;); Susan Johnson (Harvard University;)

2010-05-28

56

Harvard Design Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As the originator of the first formal programs in both city and regional planning and urban design in North America, it is fitting that Harvard University's Design School should play host to the fine Harvard Design Magazine. Published bi-annually since 1997, each issue contains thoughtful and provocative pieces that range from book reviews, the practice of architects and planners, to current trends in landscape design. It should be duly noted that only selected materials from the print version of the magazine are made freely available here, but there is certainly enough offered online at no charge to warrant several visits to the site. Some of the more compelling pieces include a commentary on planning titled "Suburbia and its Discontents" by Matthew Kiefer and a fine piece by noted urban designer and theorist Michael Sorkin on the Guggenheim in Las Vegas. For some older chestnuts, visitors need to look no further than the commentary on New Urbanism and communitarianism offered by noted Marxist geographer David Harvey in the Winter/Spring 1997 issue.

57

Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138  

Microsoft Academic Search

During Voyager l's encounter with Jupiter, two images were obtained on small portions of Jupiter's dark side. These were recorded through the narrow angle camera without a filter, partly to search for fireballs. The corresponding images during Voyager 2 were taken with filters at considerably longer range so that they need not be considered as part of the search, especially

T. C. DUXBURY

1981-01-01

58

Celebrations and Tough Questions Follow Harvard's Move to Open Access  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In light of a decision by members of Harvard University's Faculty of Arts and Sciences to make access to their scholarly papers free, advocates of open access celebrated, but some publishers expressed concern. Members of Harvard's Faculty of Arts and Sciences voted unanimously to provide the university with copies of their published articles and…

Guterman, Lila

2008-01-01

59

Buying Access to Ivy--A Way to Revive Harvard  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Of the many, many articles written on Harvard University's endowment woes, the author has yet to read one actually sympathetic with Harvard. Perhaps this reflects one's gleeful voyeurism when the high-and-mighty fall, or sense of justice that the reckless should pay for their recklessness, or belief that no university truly needs or deserves such…

Halfond, Jay A.

2010-01-01

60

Buying Access to Ivy--A Way to Revive Harvard  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Of the many, many articles written on Harvard University's endowment woes, the author has yet to read one actually sympathetic with Harvard. Perhaps this reflects one's gleeful voyeurism when the high-and-mighty fall, or sense of justice that the reckless should pay for their recklessness, or belief that no university truly needs or deserves such…

Halfond, Jay A.

2010-01-01

61

Cambridge Cosmology: Black Holes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Cambridge Cosmology site introduces the concept of black holes, explaining their properties and presenting observational evidence for their existence. Also covered are black hole formation, and determination of weight, size, and distance.

Stewart, John; Hamade, Rufus

62

CambridgeSoft  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CambridgeSoft provides a variety for software for chemical structure drawing and visualization, including the popular ChemDraw and Chem3D programs. Chem3D Ultra includes computational chemistry capability.

63

Innovative primary care training: the Cambridge Health Alliance Oral Physician Program.  

PubMed

We evaluated the Oral Physician Program, a dental residency sponsored by Harvard Medical School, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, and the Cambridge Health Alliance that offers an innovative model for training dentists to provide limited primary care. The didactic and clinical experiences increased residents' medical knowledge and interviewing skills, and faculty assessments supported their role as oral physicians. Oral physicians could increase patients'-especially patients from underserved groups-access to integrated oral and primary care services. PMID:22994253

Giddon, Donald B; Seymour, Brittany Anne; Swann, Brian; Anderson, Nina K; Jayaratne, Yasas S N; Outlaw, Jason; Kalenderian, Elsbeth

2012-09-20

64

The Harvard Science Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1988, The Harvard Science Review is Harvard's oldest undergraduate science publication, "a bi-annual publication that works to promote science awareness and discourse." Each issue features a group of articles, each of which provides commentary, analysis, and learning tools on a specified topic. Focal topics from recent issues include How Things Work (covering heart disease, homeopathy, cancer therapies, and how computers play chess) and Transportation (covering the history of human flight, the Kon-Tiki expedition, modern avionics, and Maglev trains), among others.

65

Harvard's indoor air pollution\\/health study  

Microsoft Academic Search

An indoor air pollution\\/acute respiratory health study is being conducted by researchers at the Harvard University School of Public Health. Upper and lower respiratory symptoms of 300 children living in Watertown, Massachusetts, have been recorded on a daily diary by a parent. Every two weeks the parent is called for the illness\\/wellness history. At the end of the month the

J. D. Spengler; M. P. Reed; E. Leberet; B. H. Chang; J. H. Ware

1986-01-01

66

Medicine at Harvard. The First 300 Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An assessment of Harvard's contributions to medicine is less a chronology than an introduction to key discoveries and the ideas that made them possible, presented in the framework of medical education. The emphasis is on the men themselves as well as their medicine. Of major concern are the roles played by the University of Pennsylvania Medical…

Beecher, Henry K.; Altschule, Mark D.

67

HARVARD'S INDOOR AIR POLLUTION/HEALTH STUDY  

EPA Science Inventory

An indoor air pollution/acute respiratory health study is being conducted by researchers at the Harvard University School of Public Health. Upper and lower respiratory symptoms of 300 children living in Watertown, Massachusetts, have been recorded on a daily diary by a parent. Ev...

68

Harvard and the Academic Glass Ceiling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Drew Gilpin Faust was recently appointed president of Harvard University, and is the first female to hold the position. Women now lead half of the eight institutions that make up the Ivy League. But focusing on highly accomplished women such as Faust misses a larger point. Women may be taking faculty positions in record numbers, but most of those…

Drago, Robert

2007-01-01

69

Medicine at Harvard. The First 300 Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An assessment of Harvard's contributions to medicine is less a chronology than an introduction to key discoveries and the ideas that made them possible, presented in the framework of medical education. The emphasis is on the men themselves as well as their medicine. Of major concern are the roles played by the University of Pennsylvania Medical…

Beecher, Henry K.; Altschule, Mark D.

70

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 21, Number 6, November-December 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Is History... History?: Standards, Accountability, and the Future of Our Nation's Past (Robert Rothman); (2) Curriculum Access for All: How Teachers Can Use Universal Design…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2005-01-01

71

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 6, November-December 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) When Worlds Collide: Universal PreK Brings New Challenges for Public Elementary Schools (David McKay Wilson); (2) Answers and Questions: Schools Survey Their Students--and…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2008-01-01

72

“Academic War Over the Field of Geography”: The Elimination of Geography at Harvard, 1947–1951  

Microsoft Academic Search

After modest but optimistic expansion in the 1940s, the geography program at Harvard University was suddenly terminated in 1948, touching off a widely publicized “academic war over the field of geography.” It was a severe blow to the discipline, not only because of Harvard's position in American education but because in the course of the closure the President of Harvard

Neil Smith

1987-01-01

73

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 6, November-December 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) When Worlds Collide: Universal PreK Brings New Challenges for Public Elementary Schools (David McKay Wilson); (2) Answers and Questions: Schools Survey Their Students--and…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2008-01-01

74

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 21, Number 6, November-December 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Is History... History?: Standards, Accountability, and the Future of Our Nation's Past (Robert Rothman); (2) Curriculum Access for All: How Teachers Can Use Universal Design…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2005-01-01

75

Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1974, the Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID) is an interdisciplinary center at Harvard University whose mission is to assist the economic growth of developing nations. Publications on-site include an extensive compilation of Development Discussion Papers (1974-present) with selected full text on agricultural and food policy, education, taxation, economic reform, and environmental issues (1995-present), as well as research stemming from the Consulting Assistance on Economic Reform project (CAER) and International Tax Program. Recent HIID book reviews are also available, and interested parties may examine compilations on the East Asian Financial Crisis and the External Debt Problem in Central America at the Research page.

Development., Harvard I.

1998-01-01

76

Harvard Education Letter, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of the six issues in volume 15 of the Harvard Education Letter, a bimonthly newsletter addressing current issues in elementary and secondary education. Articles in this volume include the following: (1) January-February--"Retention vs. Social Promotion: Schools Search for Alternatives" (Kelly), and "School Design Can Say…

Graves-Desai, Kelly, Ed.

1999-01-01

77

Harvard Education Letter, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is comprised of the six issues in volume 15 of the Harvard Education Letter, a bimonthly newsletter addressing current issues in elementary and secondary education. Articles in this volume include the following: (1) January-February--"Retention vs. Social Promotion: Schools Search for Alternatives" (Kelly), and "School Design Can…

Graves-Desai, Kelly, Ed.

1999-01-01

78

Harvard Education Letter, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is comprised of the six issues in volume 16 of the Harvard Education Letter, a bimonthly newsletter addressing current issues in elementary and secondary education. Articles in this volume include the following: (1) January-February--"Grade Inflation: What's Really behind All Those A's?" (Birk) and "Every Friday was Fight Day"…

Gordon, David T., Ed.

2000-01-01

79

Cambridge Cosmology: Cosmic Strings and Other Defects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This section of Cambridge Cosmology discusses cosmic strings and other defects in our Universe. It begins with phase transitions in the early Universe, and how cosmic strings and other defects formed early on. Cosmic string evolution and dynamics are discussed while looking at high-resolution numerical cosmic string simulations. Also covered are possible explanations for the origin of large-scale structures (such as galaxies) and texture models of these structures.

Shellard, Paul; Martins, Carlos; Sornborger, Andrew

80

Cambridge Cosmology: Quantum Gravity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This section of Cambridge Cosmology explains the concepts of quantum gravity and quantum cosmology, and how they are useful in understanding space and the space-time continuum. This includes the M-theory, formerly known as the string theory, and the Holographic Principle, in order to explain phenomena such as black holes and the first one-hundredth of a second of the Big Bang.

Hertog, Thomas; Herdeiro, Carlos; Chamblin, H.; Ashbourn, J.; Reall, Harvey

81

Harvard Iranian Oral History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Oral histories can be quite fascinating, and a number of significant collections have been placed online as of late. One of the best-known projects might be Harvard University's own Iranian Oral History Project (IOHP). The collection consists of the personal accounts of over 150 individuals who were eyewitnesses (or active participants) to a range of crucial political events in Iran from the 1920s to the 1980s. Visitors can start their journey through this site by going to the "About" section, where they can learn about the history of the IHOP and the interviewing process. After that, visitors can go the actual "Transcripts" area, where they can view an index of interviews, and in certain cases, they can listen to audio recordings of these conversations.

82

75 FR 9428 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate Cultural Items: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA AGENCY: National...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, that meet...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Ave.,...

2010-03-02

83

77 FR 46114 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; Correction...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, that meet...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue,...

2012-08-02

84

76 FR 14047 - Notice of Intent To Repatriate Cultural Items: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA AGENCY: National...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, that meet...Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Ave.,...

2011-03-15

85

BakerBooks: Harvard Business School Baker Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Baker Library at the Harvard University Graduate School of Business Adminstration in 1999 released this replacement to the print publication Baker Library Recent Additions. The BakerBook section New Books at Baker Library features a monthly listing of new acquisitions by subject (September 1998-present) and New Books from HBS Press offers the latest titles from the Harvard Business School Press. The Faculty Books in Print section, an in-depth bibliography, is a "continuously updated" list of in-print books published by Harvard Business School faculty. Edited books containing articles or chapters by HBS faculty are also included for additional access to current research (1990-present).

1999-01-01

86

75 FR 9276 - Harvard Illinois Bancorp, Inc., Harvard, Illinois; Approval of Conversion Application  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Thrift Supervision [AC-35: OTS No. H-4649] Harvard Illinois Bancorp, Inc., Harvard, Illinois; Approval of Conversion Application...Thrift Supervision approved the application of Harvard Savings Bank, Harvard, Illinois, to...

2010-03-01

87

Harvard Stem Cell Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Harvard Stem Cell Institute (HSCI) was formed in 2004 to "draw Harvard's resources together by establishing a cooperative community of scientists and practitioners, by developing new ways to fund and support research, and by promoting opportunities for open communication and education." Their website features videos of HSCI scientists speaking about their selected disease programs. Visitors can click on a video as it appears, or they can wait for one of the next videos in the rotation. To read about the disease programs, visitors can click on the "Research" tab near the top of the page, and then select the "Research Programs" link to read about the different programs and the lead researcher. Research programs include the "Blood Disease Program", "Cancer Program", "Cardiovascular Disease Program", "Kidney Disease Program", "Nervous System Diseases Program", and the "Translational Research Program". The "Resources" tab near the top of the page has video of a great series of education sessions that are held quarterly by HSCI, and which address the medical, religious, economic, and public policy concerns that stem cell research presents. There are eight sessions to watch, and each runs longer than an hour, so each topic is covered in exquisite detail.

88

The Cambridge controlled choice plan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Parent choice in education is enjoying growing support among both minorities and whites. The greatest practical impetus to the extension of parent choice in public schools has been the use of magnet schools in desegregation plans. This study analyzes the history of parent choice in Cambridge, Mass. and its outcome. Parent choice in the Cambridge public schools has produced greater

Christine H. Rossell; Charles L. Glenn

1988-01-01

89

Harvard Family Research Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 1983, the Harvard Family Research Project (HFRP) has focused their work and research on complementary learning, which acknowledges that "children need multiple opportunities to learn and grow at home, in school, and in the community." Visitors will definitely want to check out the "Webinar Series", which can be found on the homepage. The archive consists of seven webinars consists that have been released monthly over the past year, and cover topics such as "Data Driven: Making Student and School Data Accessible and meaningful to Families" and "Ensuring School Readiness Through Successful Transitions". The learning doesn't stop with the webinars, as each webinar provides additional resources including research-based definition and framework, data use, and professional development. Many of these supplemental resources are from the HFRP website, and the combination of the webinar and reading materials can provide visitors with an in-depth introduction to the subject presented.

90

Harvard Law School Forum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1946 by 30 law students returned from the war, the Harvard Law School Forum has remained a nonprofit, student-run organization that sponsors a variety of speakers and panel discussions featuring political, literary, and cultural luminaries from around the world. Over the years, many of these discussions have been broadcast on the radio or otherwise recorded and are now available online in their entirety. Past programs currently offered in RealPlayer format include, to name just a few, Henry Kissinger, Timothy Leary, Jimmy Hoffa, Martin Luther King, Betty Friedan, Shimon Peres, Carl Sagan, F. Lee Bailey, Mario Cuomo, Ralph Nader, Helen Thomas, Charlton Heston, and Vince McMahon. The site also features a guide to past programs (sorted by decade and some with photos or associated press clippings), a photo gallery, and information on upcoming speakers. The site is an ongoing project, and additional recordings and other materials will be added as they are prepared or become available.

91

Harvard Opinion Research Program Harvard School of Public ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... The survey was conducted for the Harvard School of Public Health via telephone (both landline and cell phone) by SSRS, an ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

92

Black Faculty at Harvard: Does the Pipeline Defense Hold Water?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The hiring practices of Harvard University are examined as they relate to the argument that black college faculty members are not available because there are no blacks in the "pipeline" of Ph.D.s. This spurious defense is an anachronism that must be reexamined in considering racial diversity at America's universities. (SLD)|

Cross, Theodore

1994-01-01

93

The Cambridge Controlled Choice Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzes the history and outcomes of parent choice and magnet schools in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Finds that parent choice has resulted in greater interracial exposure than the prior mandatory reassignment plan, and that student achievement has increased. (FMW)|

Rossell, Christine H.; Glenn, Charles L.

1988-01-01

94

Harvard's indoor air pollution/health study  

SciTech Connect

An indoor air pollution/acute respiratory health study is being conducted by researchers at the Harvard University School of Public Health. Upper and lower respiratory symptoms of 300 children living in Watertown, Massachusetts, have been recorded on a daily diary by a parent. Every two weeks the parent is called for the illness/wellness history. At the end of the month the calendar is returned by mail. Families participated in the survey from the time of induction (after September 1, 1984) to August 31, 1985. Coincident with the symptom survey, indoor air pollution measurements are made in each home and in the elementary schools of the participating student.

Spengler, J.D.; Reed, M.P.; Leberet, E.; Chang, B.H.; Ware, J.H.

1986-06-01

95

Bit by Bit: Innovating at the Periphery to Extend Harvard's Core  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty instructional time is a critical resource at all universities, but particularly in a major research institution like Harvard. Operating on the periphery of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Harvard's division of Continuing Education is often at a disadvantage when attempting to recruit senior faculty. However, through its distance…

Laserna, Catalina; Leitner, Henry

2008-01-01

96

5. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy of undated photo after ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy of undated photo after 1903 in Harvard Archives, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts EXTERIOR FROM CORNER OF QUINCY AND CAMBRIDGE STREETS - Mrs. David Greenough House, 42 Quincy Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

97

Evaluation Report of Indian Education Administrator Training Program at Universities of Harvard, Penn State, and Minnesota. (Graphic Description). Research and Evaluation Report Series No. 22.02.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cost-effectiveness of the American Indian Administrator Training Program as implemented at three universities constitutes the focus of this Bureau of Indian Affairs' program evaluation. This evaluation represents data derived from program participant questionnaires; onsite visits; personal interviews (students, directors, professors, and…

Leitka, Eugene; And Others

98

Tenure at Harvard Med: No Immunity from Ill Treatment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Charges of plagiarism led to the resignation of Dr. Shervert Frazier from Harvard Medical School. Examines broader implications surrounding the dismissal of tenured faculty for "cause." Summarizes decision in "McConnell v. Howard University" as indicative that dismissal for cause is a genuine issue of fact subject to judicial review. (MLF)

Stokes, Jerome W. D.; Reese, Christopher J.

1989-01-01

99

The Growth of Economic Studies at Cambridge: 1776-1860.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the resistance toward establishing an economics curriculum at Cambridge University from 1776 to 1860. Complex reasons include inertia, low intellectual standards, fear of being considered partisan, and avoidance of change during good times. The eventual introduction of economics was achieved only when wholesale reforms were enacted within…

Rashid, Salim

1980-01-01

100

Harvard participation in the UA1 experiment  

SciTech Connect

This report is a renewal proposal to continue Harvard`s participation in the UA1 experiment on proton-antiproton collisions. The proposed activity emphasizes events with large missing energy and W and Z neutral decays. (LSP)

Rohlf, J.W.

1985-12-31

101

33 CFR 117.549 - Cambridge Harbor.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BRIDGES DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Maryland § 117.549 Cambridge Harbor. The draw of the S342 bridge, mile 0.1 at Cambridge, shall open on signal from 6...

2013-07-01

102

The Harvard Education Letter, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is comprised of volume 11 of the Harvard Education Letter, published bimonthly and addressing current issues in elementary and secondary education. Articles in the volume's six issues are: (1) January-February--"The Old Model of Staff Development Survives in a World Where Everything Else Has Changed" (Miller), "Giving Voice to Our…

Miller, Edward, Ed.

1995-01-01

103

The Harvard Education Letter, 1998.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is comprised of volume 14 of the Harvard Education Letter, published bimonthly and addressing current issues in elementary and secondary education. Articles in the six issues of this volume include the following: (1) January-February--"Multi-Age Classrooms: An Age-Old Grouping Method Is Still Evolving" (Walser), "Teachers Wanted:…

Graves-Desai, Kelly, Ed.; Eaton, Susan, Ed.; Walser, Nancy, Ed.

1998-01-01

104

The Harvard Fatigue Laboratory: contributions to World War II.  

PubMed

The war contributions of the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory in Cambridge, MA, were recorded in 169 Technical Reports, most of which were sent to the Office of the Quartermaster General. Earlier reports were sent to the National Research Council and the Office of Scientific Research and Development. Many of the reports from 1941 and later dealt with either physical fitness of soldiers or the energetic cost of military tasks in extreme heat and cold. New military emergency rations to be manufactured in large quantities were analyzed in the Fatigue Laboratory and then tested in the field. Newly designed cold weather clothing was tested in the cold chamber at -40 degrees F, and desired improvements were made and tested in the field by staff and soldiers in tents and sleeping bags. Electrically heated clothing was designed for high-altitude flight crews and tested both in laboratory chambers and field tests before being issued. This eye witness account of the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory during World War II was recorded by Dr. G. Edgar Folk, who is likely the sole surviving member of that famous laboratory. PMID:20826765

Folk, G Edgar

2010-09-01

105

The Whipple Museum and Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Whipple Museum is part of the History and Philosophy of Science Department in the University of Cambridge. It is on your right as soon as you enter Free School Lane from Pembroke Street, and is normally open between 1:30 and 4:30 P.M. on weekdays. The main room, a hall with hammer-beam roof, is a relic of Stephen Perse’s school (1624) now flourishing elsewhere in the city. It houses a large collection of mathematical, physical and astronomical instruments — abaci, Napier’s bones, slide rules; sextants and other surveying instruments; telescopes, compasses and pocket sundials (especially of ivory from Nuremberg 1500-1700); and a Grand Orrery by George Adams (1750). The gallery of a second room is used for special exhibitions, often of items from the well-stocked store. Some specialist catalogues have been compiled and are on sale.

Pippard, Brian

106

Harvard University High Energy Physics progress report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The principal goals of this work are to carry out forefront programs in high energy physics research and to provide first rate educational opportunities for students. The experimental program supported through HEPL is carried out at the major accelerator ...

1992-01-01

107

75 FR 8740 - Notice of Intent to Repatriate a Cultural Item: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cultural Item: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA AGENCY: National Park Service...possession of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, that meets the definition...

2010-02-25

108

Still Having Her Say: More than a Decade after Becoming a Household Name, Harvard Law Professor Lani Guinier Holds True to Her Beliefs, Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the accomplishments of Lani Guinier, Bennett Boskey Professor of Law at Harvard University law school. The first and only African American woman to hold a tenured faculty position at the Harvard University law school, Guinier has put her visibility to use by speaking out on issues of race, gender and democratic…

Roach, Ronald

2004-01-01

109

The Harvard Project on the Soviet Social System Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This utterly fascinating digital project from Harvard University consists primarily of summary transcripts of 705 interviews conducted with refugees from the USSR during the early years of the Cold War. First-time visitors to the site should read over the introduction to the Harvard Project on the Soviet Social System (HPSSS) and then dive right into the documents. Those who wish to locate certain topical information quickly will want to click on the "Finding Aids" area right away, and it will also be helpful to click on the "Working with the HPSSS Online" area. In terms of orientation, most of the A-Schedule interviews consist of personal life histories and the B-Schedule interviews consist of special topic interviews on subjects such as family, government, stratification, nationalities, and partisan movements.

110

Indexing Form and Genre Terms in a Large Academic Library OPAC: The Harvard Experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Catalogers at Harvard University have been adding form and genre data to MARC records in HOLLIS, the University's online library catalog, since 1994. The addition of this data in bibliographic records allows library users to more easily access some materials described in the catalog. This paper describes how form and genre data is indexed in the catalog and analyzes the

Jeffrey Beall

2000-01-01

111

Cambridge Biotech HIV-1 Western Blot Kit  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... 1998 Approval Letter; HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 (Anti-HIV-1 Assay) - Cambridge Biotech HIV-1 ... Food and Drug Administration. ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/bloodbloodproducts/approvedproducts

112

Woman's Place in the Harvard Shaker Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the practical and spiritual lives of Shaker women at the mid-nineteenth century height of the utopian community located at Harvard, Massachusetts. Also provides an extensive bibliography and general history of this religion. (JDH)

Danker, Anita

1986-01-01

113

Woman's Place in the Harvard Shaker Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the practical and spiritual lives of Shaker women at the mid-nineteenth century height of the utopian community located at Harvard, Massachusetts. Also provides an extensive bibliography and general history of this religion. (JDH)|

Danker, Anita

1986-01-01

114

Harvard participation in the UA1 experiment  

SciTech Connect

This report is a renewal proposal to continue Harvard's participation in the UA1 experiment on proton-antiproton collisions. The proposed activity emphasizes events with large missing energy and W and Z neutral decays. (LSP)

Rohlf, J.W.

1985-01-01

115

The Four Faces of Harvard's EFB  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In designing the Educational Facilities Building for Harvard's school of Public Health, the architect had to reconcile a modern building not only with the older structures around it, but also with a trapezoidal site. (Author/MLF)

Building Design and Construction, 1974

1974-01-01

116

Harvard Report on Cancer Prevention Volume 4: Harvard Cancer Risk Index  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Prediction of cancer risk is a minor component of current health risk appraisals. Perception of individual cancer risk is poor. A Cancer Risk Index was developed to predict individual cancer risk for cancers accounting for 80% of the cancer burden in the United States. Methods: We used group consensus among researchers at the Harvard Medical School and Harvard School

G. A. Colditz; K. A. Atwood; K. Emmons; R. R. Monson; W. C. Willett; D. Trichopoulos; D. J. Hunter

2000-01-01

117

Claiming Access to Elite Curriculum: Identification and Division at the Harvard Annex  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article analyses the rhetorical practices deployed by the Society for the Collegiate Instruction for Women (SCIW) that sought to gain and maintain curricular access to Harvard University in the late 19th century Using Kenneth Burke's theory of identification as an analytical framework, the article considers how the SCIW composed Burkean…

Enoch, Jessica

2012-01-01

118

In Practice: Harvard Houses--The Value of the Tutorial System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In recent years, many institutions have developed residential living-learning communities that aim to involve faculty in promoting peer-to-peer learning and furthering students' scholarly interests in a residential setting. A special type of living-learning community--the residential college--has been embraced by many: Harvard University; the…

Nelson, Suzy; Johnson, Laura; Boes, Lisa

2012-01-01

119

Leadership, Ethics, and Corporate Responsibility: Initiatives at the Harvard Business School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses problems of teaching business ethics. Describes studies conducted among faculty and students. Concludes that actions and the broader school culture are more influential than special programs and rhetoric. Reports on a required ethics course at the beginning of Harvard University's Master's in Business Administration (MBA) program,…

Gentile, Mary C.

1991-01-01

120

In Practice: Harvard Houses--The Value of the Tutorial System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, many institutions have developed residential living-learning communities that aim to involve faculty in promoting peer-to-peer learning and furthering students' scholarly interests in a residential setting. A special type of living-learning community--the residential college--has been embraced by many: Harvard University; the…

Nelson, Suzy; Johnson, Laura; Boes, Lisa

2012-01-01

121

The Annie Jump Cannon Video Project at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The heart of this poster paper is the screening of the new 25-minute educational video, ``Annie and the Stars of Many Colors.'' It explores the life and work of Annie Jump Cannon through the eyes of sixth-grade students. A production of the Science Media Group at the CfA, the video was created to interest and inspire girls and minorities, in particular, to continue their study of history and physical science in high school. Recent studies show that science teachers are successfully using videotapes in the classroom to supplement traditional methods of teaching. Other reports show that capable girls and minority students tend to drop science in high school. Our goal, then, was to create a video to stimulate the curiosity and natural interest in science of these younger students. With the help of the Public Affairs Office at the CfA, we arranged to visit local schools to talk to sixth-grade science teachers and their students about the video project. Boys and girls were both eager to participate in it. By lottery, we chose a dozen youngsters of multi-cultural backgrounds to attend a three-day workshop, during which we videotaped them discovering facts about Cannon's childhood and career. Barbara Welther, historian and principal investigator, took the group to the Harvard University Archives to look at some Cannon memorabilia. To learn about spectra, each student assembled a spectroscope from a kit and observed solar lines. CfA astronomers then led the group in various activities to explore the types of stellar spectra that Cannon classified and published in The Henry Draper Catalogue 75 years ago.% and that astronomers still study today. ``Annie and the Stars of Many Colors'' shows young people actively engaged in the process of discovery and offers teachers a novel tool to stimulate discussion of topics in science, history, women's studies, and careers. It is intended for use in schools, libraries, museums, planetariums, as well as for personal interest. For more information and/or a copy of the videotape, contact the authors at the CfA, Cambridge, MA.

Lupfer, C.; Welther, B. L.; Griswold, A.

1993-05-01

122

1. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST (OLD HARVARD STREET BRIDGE AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. AERIAL VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST (OLD HARVARD STREET BRIDGE AT LEFT, NEW BRIDGE AT RIGHT) - Old Harvard Street Bridge, Spanning Rock Creek at National Zoological Park, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

123

The Cambridge Guide to the Solar System  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cambridge Guide to the Solar System provides a comprehensive, funamental, and up-to-date description of the solar system. It is written in a concise, light and uniform style, without being unnecessarily weighted down with specialized materials or the variable writing of multiple authors. It is filled with vital facts and information for astronomers of all types and for anyone with

Kenneth R. Lang

2003-01-01

124

77 FR 3118 - Security Zone; Choptank River and Cambridge Channel, Cambridge, MD  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Cambridge Channel in order to safeguard high-ranking public officials from terrorist acts and...establishing the security zone to protect high-ranking government officials, mitigate potential...intended objectives of protecting high-ranking government officials, mitigating...

2012-01-23

125

Harvard's First High-Altitude Station  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A review is given of the science and politics of some events that took place a century ago when Edward Pickering, the fourth director of Harvard College Observatory, set out to put telescopes on mountain tops in both the northern and southern hemispheres.

Welther, Barbara L.

1989-06-01

126

Forecasting the Depression: Harvard versus Yale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Was the Depression forecastable? After the crash, how long should it have taken contempo rary forecasters to realize how severe the downturn was going to be? These questions are addressed by studying the predictions of the Harv ard Economic Service and Yale's Irving Fisher during 1929 and the ear ly 1930s. The data assembled by the Harvard and Yale forecasters,

KATHRYN M. DOMINGUEZ; RAY C. FAIR; MATTHEW D. SHAPIRO

1988-01-01

127

NewsMars: Express journey to Mars ASE 2003: Knocked out by meteorites Events: Sun-Earth Day ASE 2003: Fun Physics - popular as ever Appointments: Sykes to bring science to the people UK Science Education: The future's bright, the future's science ASE 2003: A grand finale for Catherine Teaching Resources: UK goes to the planets Cambridge Physics Update: Basement physics Conferences: Earth Science Teachers' Association Conference 2003 New Website: JESEI sets sail GIREP: Teacher education seminar Malaysia: Rewards for curriculum change Cambridge Physics Update: My boomerang will come back! Teaching Resources: Widening particiption through ideas and evidence with the University of Surrey Wales: First Ffiseg Events: Nuna: Solar car on tour Physics on Stage: Physics on Stage 3 embraces life Symposium: In what sense a nuclear 'debate'? Gifted and Talented: Able pupils experiencing challenging science Australia: ISS flies high Down Under  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mars: Express journey to Mars ASE 2003: Knocked out by meteorites Events: Sun-Earth Day ASE 2003: Fun Physics - popular as ever Appointments: Sykes to bring science to the people UK Science Education: The future's bright, the future's science ASE 2003: A grand finale for Catherine Teaching Resources: UK goes to the planets Cambridge Physics Update: Basement physics Conferences: Earth Science Teachers' Association Conference 2003 New Website: JESEI sets sail GIREP: Teacher education seminar Malaysia: Rewards for curriculum change Cambridge Physics Update: My boomerang will come back! Teaching Resources: Widening particiption through ideas and evidence with the University of Surrey Wales: First Ffiseg Events: Nuna: Solar car on tour Physics on Stage: Physics on Stage 3 embraces life Symposium: In what sense a nuclear 'debate'? Gifted and Talented: Able pupils experiencing challenging science Australia: ISS flies high Down Under

2003-03-01

128

IAIMS development at Harvard Medical School.  

PubMed

The long-range goal of this IAIMS development project is to achieve an Integrated Academic Information Management System for the Harvard Medical School, the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine, and Harvard's affiliated institutions and their respective libraries. An "opportunistic, incremental" approach to planning has been devised. The projects selected for the initial phase are to implement an increasingly powerful electronic communications network, to encourage the use of a variety of bibliographic and information access techniques, and to begin an ambitious program of faculty and student education in computer science and its applications to medical education, medical care, and research. In addition, we will explore means to promote better collaboration among the separate computer science units in the various schools and hospitals. We believe that our planning approach will have relevance to other educational institutions where lack of strong central organizational control prevents a "top-down" approach to planning. PMID:3416098

Barnett, G O; Greenes, R A; Zielstorff, R D

1988-07-01

129

Harvard-Smithsonian Digital Video Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This extensive collection of digital video materials supporting K-12 STEM education reform has been developed by the Science Media Group, part of the Science Education Department at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. The collection features clinical interviews with students exploring how they develop ideas; demonstrations of physical phenomena; case studies of master teachers at work and of research in both science and education; interviews with experts in STEM research or education; and correlations to state and national curriculum standards.

2004-12-20

130

Second International Harvard Conference on Internet and Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This conference, recently held at Harvard University, brought together such Internet and computer luminaries as US Supreme Court Justice Steven Breyer, Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. (CEO of IBM Corporation), Scott G. McNealy (CEO of Sun Microsystems), Steve Ballmer (Executive Vice President of Microsoft), Esther Dyson (Chairperson, EdVenture Holdings), Kim Polese (CEO of Marimba, Inc.), and Ira Magaziner (Policy Development Advisor to President Clinton). RealPlayer Speeches and question and answer sessions are available at the site, as well as selected sessions and socratic panels. In addition, the entire three hour and 45 minute proceedings of the first day are available. Note that the most direct access to the audio content is via the day links on the home page.

1998-01-01

131

Imagining Harvard: Changing Visions of Harvard in Fiction, 1890-1940  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Harvard is easily the most recognizable American institution of higher education, freighted with rich associations to the nation's leaders. This article provides an opportunity to examine the history of higher education through a lens often overlooked--fiction. By doing so, the authors provide a richer understanding of a particular institution…

Anderson, Christian K.; Clark, Daniel A.

2012-01-01

132

The watershed years of 1958-1962 in the Harvard Pigeon Lab.  

PubMed Central

During the years 1958-1962, the final years of support by the National Science Foundation for B. F. Skinner's Pigeon Lab in Memorial Hall at Harvard University, 20 or so pigeon experiments (plus some with other organisms) ran concurrently 7 days a week. The research style emphasized experimental analyses, exploratory procedures, and the parametric exploration of variables. This reminiscence describes some features of the laboratory, the context within which it operated, and the activities of some of those who participated in it.

Catania, A Charles

2002-01-01

133

Crimson Tide: The Harvard Books on Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Harvard Books on Astronomy, a series of crimson clad, fully illustrated volumes, cornered, for more than a generation, the market of readers interested in astronomy. A large number of astronomers owe their first serious initiation to the literature of astronomy to these books. Their style, presentation, design, and tone marked a clear departure from the inherited traditions in the field. Each summed up a field, awarded points for merit, and staked out paths for future study. No doubt each of the more mature readers of this abstract has his or her favorite volume, and even his or her own favorite edition of a particular volume. How the volumes evolved and what happened to the series with Harlow Shapley's retirement are not only questions in the history of the book but also form a commentary on the standards of scientific writing for the educated public. For this the major evidence comes from the volumes by Shapley himself, Leo Goldberg and Lawrence Aller, and the Boks. This paper discusses the origins of the series, the purpose of the works, the varying successes of the volumes, and the impact they had on the future astronomical community. In part, this is a contribution to the impact of Harlow Shapley upon the wider field and the role of Harvard in the American astronomical community. It is also a meditation upon the ways of recruitment into the field and forming ways of looking at research problems.

Lindner, R. P.

2001-12-01

134

Harvard Scholars Convene Civil Rights Think Tank: Experts Search for Ways To Curtail Assault on Affirmative Action.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over a hundred scholars, lawyers, researchers, advocates, college admissions and financial aid officers, and students met at Harvard University (Massachusetts) to explore how under-represented groups can be included in higher education in an anti-affirmative action climate. The conference is the third in a think-tank series on civil rights…

Fields, Cheryl D.

1997-01-01

135

The Revival of African-American Studies at Harvard.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the rise in esteem of Harvard's black studies program resulting from and starting with the appointment of Henry Louis Gates, Jr., as the department's chair. The paper examines the beginnings of the Harvard program in the late 1960s, the faculty resistance, and Gate's actions in revitalizing the department. (GR)|

Benjamin, Richard M.

1995-01-01

136

Code injection attacks on harvard-architecture devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Harvard architecture CPU design is common in the embed- ded world. Examples of Harvard-based architecture devices are the Mica family of wireless sensors. Mica motes have limited memory and can process only very small packets. Stack-based buer overow techniques that inject code into the stack and then execute it are therefore not applicable. It has been a common belief that

Aurélien Francillon; Claude Castelluccia

2008-01-01

137

Teacher's Guide to Accompany the Cambridge Latin Course. Tentative Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide is designed to assist teachers using the "Cambridge Latin Course," a multimedia instructional system developed in the United Kingdom which can be adapted to the needs of pupils of varying backgrounds, ages, and abilities. The Guide focuses on Unit I, the first level of the Cambridge materials. The materials are especially suited to…

Masciantonio, Rudolph

138

New books in review  

Microsoft Academic Search

KING RICHARD II. By William Shakespeare. Edited by Peter Ure. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1956; pp. lxxxiii+207. $3.85.KING HENRY VI, PART 2. By William Shakespeare. Edited by Andrew S. Cairncross. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1957; pp. liv+197. $4.50.KING HENRY VIII. By William Shakespeare. Edited by R. A. Foakes. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1957; pp. lxv+215. $3.85.LITERARY CRITICISM: A SHORT HISTORY.

Pat M. Ryan Jr; Marie Hochmuth; Edward B. Partridge; Hubert Heffner; Jack Clay; E. J. West; W. J. Friederich; Everett Hunt; Ernest J. Wrage; Mildred F. Berry; Gordon L. Thomas; Gregg Phifer; Waldo W. Braden; Dean C. Barnlund; George P. Rice Jr; W. M. Parrish; John MacQueen; John V. Irwin; Mardel Ogilvie; William B. McCoard; Frederick G. Alexander; Mason A. Hicks; Richard Murphy

1957-01-01

139

Thirty years on: examination performance and career success of the 1950-1 intake of Cambridge medical students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relation between preclinical tripos and clinical examination results and subsequent career success of 188 medical graduates of Cambridge University was measured using five indicators of success. A generally positive relation was found, but this was not specific enough to make accurate individual predictions. Present levels of appointment were more closely related to clinical than preclinical results. No support was

R Wakeford; S Roberts

1983-01-01

140

The Cambridge Illustrated History of Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Expertly written and lavishly illustrated, The Cambridge Illustrated History of Astronomy offers a unique account of astronomical theory and practice from antiquity to the present day. How did Moslems of the Middle Ages use astronomy to calculate the direction of Mecca from far-flung corners of the Islamic world? Who was the only ancient Greek to suspect that the earth might revolve around the sun? How did Christopher Columbus abuse his knowledge of a lunar eclipse predicted by an astronomical almanac? Packed with anecdotes and intriguing detail, this book describes how we observed the sky and interpreted what we saw at different periods of history; how this influenced our beliefs and mythology; and how great astronomers contributed to what we now know. The result is a lively and highly visual history of astronomy - a compelling read for specialists and non-specialists alike.

Hoskin, Michael

141

2. Historic American Buildings Survey George M. Cushing, Photographer October ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Buildings Survey George M. Cushing, Photographer October 1967 DETAIL OF RESIDENCE WING, LOOKING NORTH - Harvard University, Lawrence Hall, 3 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

142

1. Historic American Buildings Survey George M. Cushing, Photographer October ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey George M. Cushing, Photographer October 1967 GENERAL EXTERIOR VIEW, LOOKING NORTHEAST - Harvard University, Lawrence Hall, 3 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

143

The Harvard Classics and Harvard Classics Shelf of Fiction, 1909-1917  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At the turn of the 20th century there was increased interest in bringing the benefits of a liberal arts education to the general public. A number of prominent leaders in the field of education, including such personages as Charles W. Eliot (who was the president of Harvard), edited various works that were thought to stand as representative as the best and most valuable writings down through the centuries. One such legendary set was the 50-volume, "Five-Foot Shelf" of books and then the 20-volume Shelf of Fiction. Published originally between 1909 and 1917, The Harvard Classics and the Harvard Classics Shelf of Fiction comprised much of what was (and is) great in the field of literary endeavor. The people at Bartleby.com have placed the entire set online for the general public, along with the special volume of lectures originally composed for the set that introduce the reader to some of the primary themes of these works. On this site, visitors will find various works as the pensive observations offered by Marcus Aurelius in his Meditations and Oliver Goldsmith's She Stoops To Conquer. Additionally, the Shelf of Fiction section contains such important works as Vanity Fair by Thackeray and two short stories by the celebrated French author Guy de Maupassant.

144

Cambridge History of English and American Literature: An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week, Bartleby.com (last reviewed in the December 10, 1999 Scout Report) announced the online publication of all eighteen volumes of the classic Cambridge History of English and American Literature. This excellent free resource "comprises the largest public reference work of literary criticism and history on the Internet." Originally published in 1907-1921, the volumes include 303 chapters and more than 11,000 pages, edited and written by a worldwide panel of 171 leading scholars and thinkers of the early twentieth century. The online version features over 5,600 files, searchable by keyword and browseable by volume, chapter, and section. The electronic Cambridge History also includes chapter and bibliography indexes. Although a bit dated in parts, these eighteen volumes are a valuable, and now easily accessible, research tool for secondary and university students.

145

Harvard@Home: Living Healthier, Living Longer: Part I  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Harvard@Home, these two websites contain a collection of video presentations from an Alumni College and Harvard Medical School event titled Living Healthier, Living Longer. The video presentations feature expert doctors discussing a variety of health issues including aging, menopause, prostate cancer, Alzheimer's disease, cardiology, nutrition, stress management, and more. Presenters also address the history of the Harvard Medical School, and new cancer research. The presentations range from approximately 15 to 30 minutes in length. In addition to the video clips, the site includes accompanying slides, and short biographies of the presenters.

146

The Case for Sustainable Laboratories: First Steps at Harvard University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: Laboratories typically consume 4-5 times more energy than similarly-sized commercial space. This paper adds to a growing dialogue about how to "green" a laboratory's design and operations. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is divided into three sections. The first section reviews the background and theoretical issues. A case is made…

Woolliams, Jessica; Lloyd, Matthew; Spengler, John D.

2005-01-01

147

The Case for Sustainable Laboratories: First Steps at Harvard University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Laboratories typically consume 4-5 times more energy than similarly-sized commercial space. This paper adds to a growing dialogue about how to "green" a laboratory's design and operations. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is divided into three sections. The first section reviews the background and theoretical issues. A case is made…

Woolliams, Jessica; Lloyd, Matthew; Spengler, John D.

2005-01-01

148

How Big Is Our Universe?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive resource from Harvard Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics uses images and activities to understand the scope and scale of our universe. Featured are technologies used by generations of explorers.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2005-12-17

149

Planning for Harvard Massachusetts. Comprehensive General Development Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Comprehensive General Plan presented in the report is a step in the continuous process of planning for the following purposes: To preserve and maintain the 'rural' character of Harvard as exemplified in the Common, orchards, wetlands, 'quiet winding r...

C. W. Eliot

1970-01-01

150

An Experiment in Understanding: The Harvard Program, Two Years after.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Seven substantive areas that suggest the emerging shape of the Harvard Program on Technology and Society are: the social implications of biomedical technology; information technology and the process of education; the interaction of technological and socia...

E. G. Mesthene

1966-01-01

151

Harvard v. Canada: the myc mouse that still squeaks in the maze of biopatent law.  

PubMed

The Canadian Supreme Court will soon make a decision about Harvard University's long-standing application for a Canadian patent on a mouse transgenic for the myc oncogene. That decision could reignite in North America the controversy that continues in Europe and elsewhere to surround the patenting of life forms. The tortuous steps in this 15-year patent maze are marked by the arguments about life patents that attended the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Diamond v. Chakrabarty. This patent dispute about oil-digesting bacteria cracked open the door for animal patents in the United States and other countries, even though the legal arguments involved were based on patent applications for corn seeds and oysters, not mammals. The patent challenge to the Harvard mouse by the Canadian government now threatens to close this door in Canada. The arguments against life patents are commonly based on moral and religious grounds that regard the sanctity of life and oppose its commodification. The most compelling arguments for such patents are based on the benefits they deliver through commercial exploitation of inventions. The debate about patenting animals has been more heated outside North America and cacaphonic in the Third World. However, the Canadian debate could be amplified by the U.S. Supreme Court's recent entry on the biopatent stage through the side door of a new corn seed patent dispute. A narrow legal analysis by the Canadian Supreme Court would award the mouse patent to Harvard, while a policy analysis might support the government's challenge of the patent. Although the impact of the Harvard mouse patent process in Canada could be just a squeak, opponents of patenting life can mount the myc mouse to once again roar their opposition to animal patents. And the sound could resonate through the arguments about both biopatents and human cloning, with potentially important effects for academia, industry, and the public. PMID:11448821

Deftos, L J

2001-07-01

152

Team from Harvard and Wash U. studies adolescent alcohol consumption and breast cancer:  

Cancer.gov

A team from Brigham & Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis investigated childhood and adolescent risk factors for benign breast disease among girls with a family history of breast cancer. Benign breast disease, a large class of breast ailments that can cause breast lumps or breast pain, is a known risk factor for breast cancer. The authors found that among adolescent girls with a family history of breast cancer (or maternal benign breast disease), there was a significant association between amount of alcohol consumed and further increased risk of getting benign breast disease as young women.

153

Cambridge Cosmology: The Hot Big Bang Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website introduces the Big Bang Model (also known as the standard cosmology) and the fact that it successfully explains many details about the formation of the Universe. It also touches upon issues not explainable through standard cosmology. A brief history of observational cosmology in the 20th century is given as a reference, followed by a brief history of our Universe as told through standard cosmology as well as particle and quantum cosmology. This site goes through the four 'pillars' of the Hot Big Bang Model: expansion of the Universe after a violent explosion, origin of the cosmic background radiation, nucleosynthesis of the light elements, and the formation of galaxies and large-scale structures in the Universe.

Shellard, Paul

154

77 FR 61432 - Proposal Review for Materials Research; Notice of Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at Harvard University by the Division of Materials...00 a.m.-4:30 p.m. Place: Harvard University, Cambridge, MA. Type of...concerning further support of the MRSEC at Harvard University. Agenda: Wednesday,...

2012-10-09

155

The Gremlins of Governance: A "Trusteeship" Q&A with Richard Chait, Research Professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents an interview with Richard Chait, Research Professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, regarding the three major challenges that face college and university governing boards today--in the areas of board structure, planning, and trustee selection. In the interview, Chait shares his concern about the state of…

Chait, Richard

2009-01-01

156

The Gremlins of Governance: A "Trusteeship" Q&A with Richard Chait, Research Professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an interview with Richard Chait, Research Professor at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, regarding the three major challenges that face college and university governing boards today--in the areas of board structure, planning, and trustee selection. In the interview, Chait shares his concern about the state of…

Chait, Richard

2009-01-01

157

Harvard U.'s Request for Commercial Rights to New Strain of Mouse Forces Debate in Europe over Whether Animals Can Be Patented.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The European Patent Convention has informed Harvard University that its application for a patent on a genetically engineered mouse may be refused. The application was the first to obtain patent protection across most of Europe for a transgenic animal, one which has been implanted with genes from another animal. (MSE)

Chronicle of Higher Education, 1989

1989-01-01

158

Harvard-MIT research program in short-lived radiopharmaceuticals. Final report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Harvard-MIT Research Program in Short-lived Radiopharmaceuticals was established in 1977 to foster interaction among groups working in radiopharmaceutical chemistry at Harvard Medical School, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the Massachu...

S. J. Adelstein

1995-01-01

159

Harvard Education and Research Center, Final Progress Report July 1, 1993 - June 30, 1998.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Harvard Educational Resource Center for Occupational Safety and Health (renamed Harvard Education and Research Center in 1997) holds as its primary objective the training of leaders in occupational medicine, industrial hygiene, occupational-health nur...

A. Backus C. Love D. C. Christiani H. Hu L. Fitzgerald P. M. Adams S. Rudnick T. J. Smith

1999-01-01

160

33 CFR 100.101 - Harvard-Yale Regatta, Thames River, New London, CT.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Harvard-Yale Regatta, Thames River, New London, CT. 100.101 Section 100...Harvard-Yale Regatta, Thames River, New London, CT. (a) Regulated area. The Thames River at New London, Connecticut, from the Penn...

2010-07-01

161

33 CFR 100.101 - Harvard-Yale Regatta, Thames River, New London, CT.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Harvard-Yale Regatta, Thames River, New London, CT. 100.101 Section 100...Harvard-Yale Regatta, Thames River, New London, CT. (a) Regulated area. The Thames River at New London, Connecticut, from the Penn...

2009-07-01

162

Pricing road space: back to the future? The Cambridge experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cambridge is a small free standing city in the UK with a population of 105 000. In recent years it has endured a worsening congestion problem essentially as a result of employment growth within the city and the narrow street layout. This is not a unique problem but one which is particularly acute in historic cities. In 1990, Congestion Metering

Stephen Ison

1996-01-01

163

Open and closed systems and the Cambridge School  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years a group of researchers at Cambridge (UK) have (re)introduced conceptions of open and closed systems into economics. In doing so they have employed these categories in ways that, in my assessment, both facilitate a significant critique of current disciplinary practices and also point to more fruitful ways of proceeding. In an issue of this journal, Andrew Mearman

Vinca Bigo

2006-01-01

164

Should the Cambridge primary review be wedded to Vygotsky?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cambridge Primary Review's (CPR) preference for a Vygotskian model of schools learners and learning rather than a Piagetian is queried. There are weaknesses and uncertainties with major Vygotskian ideas such as the ‘zone of proximal development’, ‘internalisation’, ‘joint construction’, ‘language mediation’ and educational acculturation, relative to the Piagetian, while human scientific research with babies suggesting inherited capability thrust humans

Peter Silcock

2011-01-01

165

EVALUATION OF HEADSTART EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM IN CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

BEGINNING WITH A REVIEW OF THE NURSERY SCHOOL MOVEMENT (FROEBEL, MONTESSORI, AND MCMILLAN,) THIS EVALUATION RELATES THE HISTORICAL MATERIAL TO HEAD START, SPECIFICALLY IN CAMBRIDGE MASS. DURING THE SUMMER OF 1965, MATCHED GROUPS OF 33 HEAD START CHILDREN AND 33 NON-HEAD START CHILDREN (CONTROL GROUP) WERE STUDIED. SCHOOL PRE-REGISTRATION LISTS…

PORTER, PHILIP J.; AND OTHERS

166

The Cambridge Primary Review: A Reply to R. J. Campbell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The author was disappointed by R. J. Campbell's sour critique of the Cambridge Primary Review in "FORUM" Volume 52 Number 1 2010. His description of the Review's proposals on curriculum and pedagogy as "backward-looking, cumbersome and partial" is such a bizarre misjudgement that it calls for some response. The author comments in turn on R. J.…

Armstrong, Michael

2010-01-01

167

Gambling with the Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is an excerpt from Stephen Hawking's book The Universe in a Nutshell. Roger Penrose and Stephen Hawking, Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, were able to show that Einstein's General Theory of Relativity implied that the universe and time itself must have had a beginning in a tremendous explosion. The discovery of the expansion of the universe is one of the great intellectual revolutions of the twentieth century.

Hawking, Stephen

2002-05-01

168

Stanford-Binet IQ changes in the Harvard growth study  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a median change of 7 points in IQ on repetition of the Stanford-Binet examination in the Harvard growth study of 1200 children. The very inferior (IQ below 80) are most consistent, and the very superior (IQ 120 or over) are least consistent.

E. A. Lincoln

1936-01-01

169

Harvard Studies in Syntax and Semantics, Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following articles on syntax and semantics were researched at the Harvard Syntax Workshop: (1) "Clause Reduction in Spanish," by Judith Aissen and David Perlmutter; (2) "Reduced WH-Questions," by Robin Bechhofer; (3) "Reduction in Conjoined WH-Questions," by Robin Bechhofer; (4) "On Subject-to-Object Raising in Arabic," by Joel Clinkenbeard;…

Hankamer, Jorge, Ed.; Aissen, Judith, Ed.

170

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 3, May-June 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Bringing Art into School, Byte by Byte: Innovative Programs Use Technology to Expand Access to the Arts (Patti Hartigan); (2) Differentiated Instruction Reexamined: Teachers…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2011-01-01

171

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 6, November-December 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Charting a New Course toward Racial Integration: Districts Seek Legal Routes to Capture the Benefits of Diversity (Brigid Schulte); (2) Voluntary Integration: Two Views--(a)…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2007-01-01

172

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 5, September-October 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Confronting the Autism Epidemic: New Expectations for Children with Autism Means a New Role for Public Schools (Kate McKenna); (2) Internet Research 101: How to Help Middle…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2007-01-01

173

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 2, March-April 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Educating Teenage Immigrants: High Schools Experiment with Ways to Group New English-Language Learners (Lucy Hood); (2) Hot Topics and Key Words: Pilot Project Brings Teachers…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2008-01-01

174

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 1, January-February 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) The Greening of Environmental Ed: Teachers Focus on Complexity, Evidence, and Letting Students Draw Their Own Conclusions (Lucy Hood); (2) Like Teacher, Like Student: Online…

Walser, Caroline T., Ed.

2011-01-01

175

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 3, May-June 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Unleashing the "Brain Power" of Groups in the Classroom: The Neuroscience behind Collaborative Work (Nancy Walser); (2) Putting AP to the Test: New Research Assesses the…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2010-01-01

176

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 5, September-October 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Teaching 21st Century Skills: What Does It Look Like in Practice? (Nancy Walser); (2) Getting and Spending: Schools and Districts Share Lessons on the Effective Uses of…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2008-01-01

177

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 28, Number 2, March-April 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Course Credits on the Quick: Controversial Online Recovery Programs Speed the Path to Graduation (Andrew Brownstein); (2) Collaborating to Make Schools More Inclusive…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2012-01-01

178

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 5, September-October 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) The Invisible Hand in Education Policy: Behind the Scenes, Economists Wield Unprecedented Influence (David McKay Wilson); (2) Bonding and Bridging: Schools Open Doors for…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2009-01-01

179

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 28, Number 1, January-February 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Using Theater to Teach Social Skills: Researchers Document Improvements for Children with Autism (Patti Hartigan); (2) The Family Model of Schooling Revisited: Few Teachers,…

Walser, Nancy, Ed.

2012-01-01

180

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 4, July-August 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Learning Progressions in Science: A New Approach Emphasizes Sustained Instruction in Big Ideas (Patti Hartigan); (2) Putting the "Boy Crisis" in Context: Finding Solutions to…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2010-01-01

181

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 6, November-December 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) (In)formative Assessments: New Tests and Activities Can Help Teachers Guide Student Learning (Robert Rothman); (2) Recent Research on the Achievement Gap: How Lifestyle…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2006-01-01

182

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 6, November-December 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) With Cheating on the Rise, Schools Respond (David McKay Wilson); (2) Waldorf Education in Public Schools: Educators Adopt--and Adapt--This Developmental, Arts-Rich Approach…

Walser, Nancy, Ed.

2011-01-01

183

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 4, July-August 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Beyond Auto Shop 1: Is Career and Technical Education a Promising Path for High School Reform? (Lucy Hood); (2) The School Readiness Gap: Prekindergarten--Not Just…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2006-01-01

184

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 4, July-August 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Putting the Brakes on "Summer Slide": Modified School Calendars Build in Time to Enrich Learning and Sustain Gains (Brigid Schulte); (2) Closing the Achievement Gap with…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2009-01-01

185

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 20, Number 5, September-October 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Adolescent Literacy: Are We Overlooking the Struggling Teenage Reader? (Robert Rothman); (2) The "N-Word" and the Racial Dynamics of Teaching (Wendy Luttrell and Janie Ward);…

Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

2004-01-01

186

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 4, July-August 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Integrated Data Systems Link Schools and Communities: Researchers Combine School and Non-School Data to Inform Interventions and Policy (Patti Hartigan); (2) Student-Directed…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2011-01-01

187

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 3, May-June 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Unleashing the "Brain Power" of Groups in the Classroom: The Neuroscience behind Collaborative Work (Nancy Walser); (2) Putting AP to the Test: New Research Assesses the…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2010-01-01

188

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 2, March-April 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) More Than "Making Nice": Getting Teachers to (Truly) Collaborate (Laura Pappano); (2) "Doing the Critical Things First": An Aligned Approach to PreK and Early Elementary Math;…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2007-01-01

189

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 3, May-June 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) "Equity, Access, and Opportunity": Despite Challenges, More Districts Adopt One-to-One Laptop Programs (Colleen Gillard); (2) Small Kids, Big Words: Research-Based Strategies…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2008-01-01

190

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 3, May-June 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Bringing Art into School, Byte by Byte: Innovative Programs Use Technology to Expand Access to the Arts (Patti Hartigan); (2) Differentiated Instruction Reexamined: Teachers…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2011-01-01

191

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 4, July-August 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Taking the Measure of New Teachers: California Shifts from Standardized Tests to Performance-Based Assessment as a Condition of Licensure (Robert Rothman); (2) When 1/2 + 1/3 =…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2008-01-01

192

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 5, September-October 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) The Invisible Hand in Education Policy: Behind the Scenes, Economists Wield Unprecedented Influence (David McKay Wilson); (2) Bonding and Bridging: Schools Open Doors for…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2009-01-01

193

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 21, Number 3, May-June 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Adding Value to Student Assessment: Does "Value-Added Assessment" Live Up to Its Name? (Anand Vaishnav); (2) No Adolescent Left Behind? California's Testing and Accountability…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.; Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

2005-01-01

194

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 3, May-June 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) The Road to School Improvement: It's Hard, It's Bumpy, and It Takes as Long as It Takes (Richard F. Elmore and Elizabeth A. City); (2) Better Teaching with Web Tools: How…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2007-01-01

195

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 6, November-December 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) "Platooning" Instruction: Districts Weigh Pros and Cons of Departmentalizing Elementary Schools (Lucy Hood); (2) Behind the Classroom Door: A Rare Glimpse Indicates the…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2009-01-01

196

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 6, November-December 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Charting a New Course toward Racial Integration: Districts Seek Legal Routes to Capture the Benefits of Diversity (Brigid Schulte); (2) Voluntary Integration: Two Views--(a)…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2007-01-01

197

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 1, January-February 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Leadership Lessons From Schools Becoming "Data Wise" (Jennifer L. Steele and Kathryn Parker Boudett); (2) A Guide on the Side: Mentors Help New Leaders Prepare for Life in the…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2008-01-01

198

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 5, September-October 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) "R" is for Resilience: Schools Turn to "Asset Development" to Build on Students' Strengths (Nancy Walser); (2) Beyond Bargaining: What Does It Take for School District-Union…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2006-01-01

199

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 2, March-April 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Hybrid Schools for the iGeneration: New Schools Combine "Bricks" and "Clicks" (Brigid Schulte); (2) Dual Language Programs on the Rise: "Enrichment" Model Puts Content Learning…

Walser, Nancy, Ed.

2011-01-01

200

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 5, September-October 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Confronting the Autism Epidemic: New Expectations for Children with Autism Means a New Role for Public Schools (Kate McKenna); (2) Internet Research 101: How to Help Middle…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2007-01-01

201

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 5, September-October 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Teaching Students to Ask Their Own Questions: One Small Change Can Yield Big Results (Dan Rothstein and Luz Santana); (2) Voice of Experience: Jerry Weast--Leading a System…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2011-01-01

202

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 2, March-April 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Money and Motivation: New Initiatives Rekindle Debate over the Link between Rewards and Student Achievement (David McKay Wilson); (2) An Inexact Science: What Are the Technical…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2009-01-01

203

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 21, Number 5, September-October 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Where High Turnover Meets Low Performance: New Initiatives Target the Special Problems of Hard-to-Staff Schools (Alexander Russo); (2) Parents as Partners in School Reform:…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2005-01-01

204

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 2, March-April 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Talking 'bout Evolution: High School Science Teachers Share Strategies for Dealing with Controversy in the Classroom (Nancy Walser); (2) Standards-Based Evaluation for…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2006-01-01

205

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 1, January-February 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) The "Data Wise" Improvement Process: Eight Steps for Using Test Data to Improve Teaching and Learning (Kathryn Parker Boudett, Elizabeth A. City, and Richard J. Murnane); (2)…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2006-01-01

206

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 1, January-February 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Learning Across Distance: Virtual-Instruction Programs Are Growing Rapidly, but the Impact on "Brick-and-Mortar" Classrooms Is Still up in the Air (Kristina Cowan); (2) Wanted:…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2009-01-01

207

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 20, Number 4, July-August 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) School-Based Coaching: A Revolution in Professional Development--or Just the Latest Fad? (Alexander Russo); (2) Fluency Tests Help Identify Struggling Readers Early (Clifford…

Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

2004-01-01

208

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 6, November-December 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Video Games Take Testing to the Next Level: Researchers See Promise in Game-Like Assessments That Measure Complex Skills (Robert Rothman); (2) An Academic Foothold for…

Walser, Nancy, Ed.

2010-01-01

209

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 2, March-April 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Online Testing, Version 1.0: Oregon's Adaptive Computer-Based Accountability Test Offers a Peek at a Brave New Future (Robert Rothman); (2) Beyond Gay-Straight Alliances:…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2010-01-01

210

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 1, January-February 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Charters and Unions: What's the Future for This Unorthodox Relationship? (Alexander Russo); (2) From Special Ed to Higher Ed: Transition Planning for Disabled Students Focuses…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2010-01-01

211

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 21, Number 2, March-April 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Testing Goes to Preschool: Will State and Federal Testing Programs Advance the Goal of School Readiness for All Children? (Robert Rothman); (2) Reinforcement, Richness, and…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.; Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

2005-01-01

212

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 3, May-June 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Making Schools Safer for LGBT Youth: Despite Signs of Progress, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students Say Harassment Persists (Michael Sadowski); (2) Rx for a…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2006-01-01

213

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 20, Number 1, January-February 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Bringing Parents on Board: Strong Home-School Connections Enrich Learning Opportunities for Immigrant Kids--and Their Parents, Too (Sue Miller Wiltz); (2) Volcanoes and…

Gordon, David T., Ed.

2004-01-01

214

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 20, Number 2, March-April 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Preparing the "Highly Qualified Principal": Will New Training and Recruitment Programs Reshape the Profession? (Alexander Russo); (2) Out-of-School Programs Boost Achievement,…

Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

2004-01-01

215

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 1, January-February 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) The Greening of Environmental Ed: Teachers Focus on Complexity, Evidence, and Letting Students Draw Their Own Conclusions (Lucy Hood); (2) Like Teacher, Like Student: Online PD…

Walser, Caroline T., Ed.

2011-01-01

216

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 20, Number 3, May-June 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Taking Care of Novice Teachers: Researchers Suggest How Administrators Can Keep Their Newer Teachers Teaching and Maintain a First-Rate Faculty (Reino Makkonen); (2) Assessing…

Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

2004-01-01

217

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 28, Number 2, March-April 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Course Credits on the Quick: Controversial Online Recovery Programs Speed the Path to Graduation (Andrew Brownstein); (2) Collaborating to Make Schools More Inclusive…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2012-01-01

218

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 21, Number 4, July-August 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Early Childhood Education at a Crossroads: Access to Preschool Has Come a Long Way, but Critical Choices Lie Ahead (Deborah Stipek); (2) Bridging the PreK-Elementary Divide:…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.; Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

2005-01-01

219

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 21, Number 1, January-February 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Beyond the Gap: What Educators and Researchers Are Learning from High-Achieving African American and Latino Students (Michael Sadowski); (2) Aiming for AYP: The Quest to Make…

Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

2005-01-01

220

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 1, January-February 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Response to Intervention: A New Approach to Reading Instruction Aims to Catch Struggling Readers Early (Nancy Walser); (2) Getting Advisory Right: Focus and Commitment Are Keys…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2007-01-01

221

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 4, July-August 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Meeting of the Minds: The Parent-Teacher Conference Is the Cornerstone of School-Home Relations. How Can It Work for All Families? (Laura Pappano); (2) In Search of That "Third…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2007-01-01

222

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 5, September-October 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Teaching 21st Century Skills: What Does It Look Like in Practice? (Nancy Walser); (2) Getting and Spending: Schools and Districts Share Lessons on the Effective Uses of…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2008-01-01

223

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 6, November-December 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) "Platooning" Instruction: Districts Weigh Pros and Cons of Departmentalizing Elementary Schools (Lucy Hood); (2) Behind the Classroom Door: A Rare Glimpse Indicates the…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2009-01-01

224

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 20, Number 6, November-December 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Telling Tales Out of Charter School: What Educators and Policymakers Can Learn from the Successes and Failures of Charters (Robert Rothman); (2) One Charter School's Formula…

Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

2004-01-01

225

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 6, November-December 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) (In)formative Assessments: New Tests and Activities Can Help Teachers Guide Student Learning (Robert Rothman); (2) Recent Research on the Achievement Gap: How Lifestyle…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2006-01-01

226

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 1, January-February 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Leadership Lessons From Schools Becoming "Data Wise" (Jennifer L. Steele and Kathryn Parker Boudett); (2) A Guide on the Side: Mentors Help New Leaders Prepare for Life in the…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2008-01-01

227

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 24, Number 4, July-August 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Taking the Measure of New Teachers: California Shifts from Standardized Tests to Performance-Based Assessment as a Condition of Licensure (Robert Rothman); (2) When 1/2 + 1/3…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2008-01-01

228

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 2, March-April 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Online Testing, Version 1.0: Oregon's Adaptive Computer-Based Accountability Test Offers a Peek at a Brave New Future (Robert Rothman); (2) Beyond Gay-Straight Alliances:…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2010-01-01

229

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 21, Number 3, May-June 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Adding Value to Student Assessment: Does "Value-Added Assessment" Live Up to Its Name? (Anand Vaishnav); (2) No Adolescent Left Behind? California's Testing and Accountability…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.; Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

2005-01-01

230

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 20, Number 1, January-February 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Bringing Parents on Board: Strong Home-School Connections Enrich Learning Opportunities for Immigrant Kids--and Their Parents, Too (Sue Miller Wiltz); (2) Volcanoes and…

Gordon, David T., Ed.

2004-01-01

231

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 20, Number 5, September-October 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Adolescent Literacy: Are We Overlooking the Struggling Teenage Reader? (Robert Rothman); (2) The "N-Word" and the Racial Dynamics of Teaching (Wendy Luttrell and Janie Ward);…

Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

2004-01-01

232

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 21, Number 2, March-April 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Testing Goes to Preschool: Will State and Federal Testing Programs Advance the Goal of School Readiness for All Children? (Robert Rothman); (2) Reinforcement, Richness, and…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.; Sadowski, Michael, Ed.

2005-01-01

233

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 22, Number 3, May-June 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Making Schools Safer for LGBT Youth: Despite Signs of Progress, Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students Say Harassment Persists (Michael Sadowski); (2) Rx for a…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2006-01-01

234

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 6, November-December 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Video Games Take Testing to the Next Level: Researchers See Promise in Game-Like Assessments That Measure Complex Skills (Robert Rothman); (2) An Academic Foothold for…

Walser, Nancy, Ed.

2010-01-01

235

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 2, March-April 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Money and Motivation: New Initiatives Rekindle Debate over the Link between Rewards and Student Achievement (David McKay Wilson); (2) An Inexact Science: What Are the…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2009-01-01

236

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 27, Number 4, July-August 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Integrated Data Systems Link Schools and Communities: Researchers Combine School and Non-School Data to Inform Interventions and Policy (Patti Hartigan); (2) Student-Directed…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2011-01-01

237

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 25, Number 3, May-June 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Improving Teaching and Learning through Instructional Rounds (Lee Teitel); (2) Developmentally Appropriate Practice in the Age of Testing: New Reports Outline Key Principles…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.

2009-01-01

238

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 28, Number 1, January-February 2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Using Theater to Teach Social Skills: Researchers Document Improvements for Children with Autism (Patti Hartigan); (2) The Family Model of Schooling Revisited: Few Teachers,…

Walser, Nancy, Ed.

2012-01-01

239

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 26, Number 5, September-October 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) Scenes from the School Turnaround Movement: Passion, Frustration, Mid-Course Corrections Mark Rapid Reforms (Laura Pappano); (2) The Media Savvy Educator: How to Work with the…

Walser, Nancy, Ed.

2010-01-01

240

Harvard Education Letter. Volume 23, Number 3, May-June 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Harvard Education Letter" is published bimonthly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education. This issue of "Harvard Education Letter" contains the following articles: (1) The Road to School Improvement: It's Hard, It's Bumpy, and It Takes as Long as It Takes (Richard F. Elmore and Elizabeth A. City); (2) Better Teaching with Web Tools: How…

Chauncey, Caroline, Ed.

2007-01-01

241

The Harvard case of Xu Xiping: exploitation of the people, scientific advance, or genetic theft?  

PubMed

A unique history and make-up of a population may make it an attractive research target for population geneticists and pharmaco-genomic investors. The promise of pharmaceutical profits and advances in medical knowledge attracted Harvard researchers and the company Millennium Pharmaceuticals to remote areas in Anhui Province, Central China, leading to international diplomatic disagreements about issues such as the ownership of genetic material and informed consent (IC). This article discusses the role of genomics and genetic sampling in China, the way it is related to population policies (the new eugenics), the national importance of genetic materials and the conflicts it led to between the Chinese government and Harvard University. Here many consider the Xu Xiping case as textbook example of ruthless Western exploitation of development countries, illustrating the cold rationality of science in the process of globalisation. Ten perspectives on this case show that this view is simplistic and contributes little to an understanding of bioethical issues important to the population actually donating the samples. Viewing the Xu Xiping case as the nexus of the intertwinement of international, transnational, national, and local interest groups shows how different interest groups make use of different units of analysis. It also clarifies why the same practice of genetic sampling continues under a different regime, and why the discussion about genetic sampling has shifted from a concern with health care of the poor to an issue of international exploitation, terrorism and development. PMID:16552917

Sleeboom, Margaret

2005-04-01

242

3. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy of Wood Engraving of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy of Wood Engraving of Lawrence Hill From Hamilton Vaughan Bail, Views of Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1949 - Plate LXI. Plate taken from Gleason's Pictorial Drawing Room Companion, Vol. 7, No. 7, June 14, 1851, p. 112. - Harvard University, Lawrence Hall, 3 Kirkland Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

243

Harvard@Home: Reproductive Health in the 21st Century  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Harvard@Home, this website presents more than seven hours of video clips from the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study's third-annual conference on women, gender, and society held in October of 2004. Titled _Reproductive Health in the 21st Century_, the "conference examines a broad array of issues surrounding reproductive health and features panels of distinguished physicians, scholars, and health policy advocates discussing the scientific, ethical, and social dimensions of medical and technological advances in the field and their global implications." Conference topics include The Politics and Ethics of Bodily Integrity; In Vitro Fertilization in the Muslim Middle East; Women Workers as Reproducers; and The Moral Issue of Sex Selection, to name a few. In addition to the video clips, the website contains topic summaries, short biographies of the numerous panelists, a feedback survey form, and links to related Harvard@Home programs. This site is also reviewed in the February 4, 2005_NSDL Life Sciences Report_.

244

Initial results from Harvard all-sky optical SETI  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report initial results from the Harvard\\/Planetary Society all-sky search for pulsed optical signals from other civilizations, which saw “first light” on 11 April 2006 after 6 years of planning and construction. To survey the northern sky (-20??+70?), our 1.8-m spherical f\\/2.5 optical telescope images a 1.6?×0.2? patch of sky on two matched focal planes with a total of 1024

Andrew Howard; Paul Horowitz; Curtis Mead; Pratheev Sreetharan; Jason Gallicchio; Steve Howard; Charles Coldwell; Joe Zajac; Alan Sliski

2007-01-01

245

The Artful Universe Expanded  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cosmos is an awfully big place and there is no better guide to its vast expanse and fascinating nooks and crannies than John Barrow. A professor of mathematical sciences at Cambridge University, Barrow embodies that rare combination of highly polished writer and expert scientist. His deft touch brings together the disparate threads of human knowledge and weaves them into

B A Bassett

2005-01-01

246

Andover-Harvard Library: Holocaust Rescue and Relief: Digitized Records of the Unitarian Universalist Service Committee  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A humanitarian crisis was brewing in Prague in 1939, and the Reverend Waitstill Sharp and his wife Martha went to investigate when they heard about it. From their initial work the Universal Unitarian Service Committee (UUSC) was born, and they eventually worked to establish food and clothing distribution centers, hospitals, and homes for children. The Andover-Harvard Theological Library is the official archive for the records of the Committee, and they have worked with the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum to digitize approximately 257 boxes of UUSC material dating from 1939 to 1967. Visitors can get started by clicking on the collection name on the homepage, and then reading the scope and content note for each area. The sections here include "Executive Director Records", "General Administrative Records", and "Special Initiatives". The site presents a rather unique record of the UUSC's activities over a 25-year period, and it is a collection that is quite well organized and worth viewing.

247

Harvard 16-inch Clay Telescope observations of SNe 2010jl and 2011B  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We used the Harvard University 16-inch Clay Telescope on 2011 February 22 and March 1 to observe the nearby Type IIn SN 2010jl (CBET #2532, CBET #2536) and Type Ia SN 2011B (CBET #2625) in the V-band. Both SNe are clearly detected in our images and we report median combined magnitudes of V=14.4 +- 0.2 mag and V=14.8 +- 0.2 mag for SNe 2010jl and 2011B, respectively. Adopting a distance modulus of (m-M)~33.45 mag for UGC 5189, the host galaxy of SN 2010jl, we estimate that the absolute magnitude of the SN is V ~ -19.0 at roughly 4 months after initial discovery (Stoll et al., ApJ, 730, 31 (2011)).

Soderberg, Alicia; Moe, Maxwell; Bryan, Marta; Donisan, Austin; Foight, Dillon; Hawley, William; Jensen, Christopher; Kruse, Ethan; Leibler, Camille; Meyer, Samuel; Pesce, Dominic; Rice, Thomas; Watts, Duncan

2011-06-01

248

Reginald Crundall Punnett: First Arthur Balfour Professor of Genetics, Cambridge, 1912  

PubMed Central

R. C. Punnett, the codiscoverer of linkage with W. Bateson in 1904, had the good fortune to be invited to be the first Arthur Balfour Professor of Genetics at Cambridge University, United Kingdom, in 1912 when Bateson, for whom it had been intended, declined to leave his new appointment as first Director of the John Innes Horticultural Institute. We here celebrate the centenary of the first professorship dedicated to genetics, outlining Punnett’s career and his scientific contributions, with special reference to the discovery of “partial coupling” in the sweet pea (later “linkage”) and to the diagram known as Punnett’s square. His seeming reluctance as coauthor with Bateson to promote the reduplication hypothesis to explain the statistical evidence for linkage is stressed, as is his relationship with his successor as Arthur Balfour Professor, R. A. Fisher. The background to the establishment of the Professorship is also described.

Edwards, A. W. F.

2012-01-01

249

Highlights of the Cambridge Gyrokinetics Program: A Personal Perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A four-week Program/Workshop on Gyrokinetics in Laboratory and Astrophysical Plasmas (organized by W. Dorland, S. Nazarenko, and A. Schekochihin) occurred in Cambridge, UK, during July 19 -- August 13, 2010. Topics included gyrokinetic (GK) phase-space turbulence, sheared GK turbulence, kinetic reconnection, edge GKs, and approaches to global full-f GK simulations. Key results and outstanding problems that were identified will be summarized from a personal perspective. The material is intended to provide a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in modern GK research and to foster discussion on future directions.

Krommes, John A.

2010-11-01

250

Applications of the Cambridge Structural Database in chemical education1  

PubMed Central

The Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) is a vast and ever growing compendium of accurate three-dimensional structures that has massive chemical diversity across organic and metal–organic compounds. For these reasons, the CSD is finding significant uses in chemical education, and these applications are reviewed. As part of the teaching initiative of the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC), a teaching subset of more than 500 CSD structures has been created that illustrate key chemical concepts, and a number of teaching modules have been devised that make use of this subset in a teaching environment. All of this material is freely available from the CCDC website, and the subset can be freely viewed and interrogated using WebCSD, an internet application for searching and displaying CSD information content. In some cases, however, the complete CSD System is required for specific educational applications, and some examples of these more extensive teaching modules are also discussed. The educational value of visualizing real three-dimensional structures, and of handling real experimental results, is stressed throughout.

Battle, Gary M.; Ferrence, Gregory M.; Allen, Frank H.

2010-01-01

251

Review article: Slavery and slavishness in Russia and America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hellie, Richard, Slavery in Russia 1450–1725. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982. xix, 776 pp.Kolchin, Peter. Unfree Labor: American Slavery and Russian Serfdom. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1987. xiv, 517 pp.

Allison Blakely

1989-01-01

252

Lori E  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... EDUCATION University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah; Honors Bachelor of Science, Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

253

“x logic”: Repositioning Nintendo in children's lives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marsha Kinder, Playing With Power in Movies, Television and Video Games: From Muppet Babies to Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1991.Eugene F. Provenzo Jr., Video Kids: Making Sense of Nintendo. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1991.

Henry Jenkins

1993-01-01

254

Preliminary Report of the Committee on the University and the City.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In May 1968, a committee was appointed at Harvard to evaluate the University's effort in helping both community and nation find solutions to urban distress, poverty, economic imbalance, racial inequality, and disease. The committee was charged with recommending new actions if necessary and determining the role Harvard should play in responding to…

Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA.

255

Joseph Hudnut and the unlikely beginnings of post-modern urbanism at the Harvard Bauhaus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1937 and 1952, from his post at the Harvard Graduate School of Design, Bauhaus founder Walter Gropius successfully promoted a modernist urbanism based on the principles of CIAM (the Congrčs Internationaux d‘Architecture Moderne). With the help of his Harvard students and colleagues, especially Martin Wagner (Berlin's city planning director during the Weimar Republic), Gropius’ approach to urban design played

Jill Pearlman

2000-01-01

256

An Evaluation Report of the Harvard Health Careers Summer Program for Minority Students: Volume I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most important factors in improving health care among minority groups is the training of adequate numbers of minority health care workers. In view of this need, the Harvard Medical School and the Harvard School of Dental Medicine initiated a Health Careers Summer Program designed to attract more minority group students into medicine and…

Blacklow, Robert S.; And Others

257

School Court Liaison Program: The Cambridge Model. Technical Assistance Bulletin 31.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Cambridge Rindge and Latin School in Cambridge (Massachusetts) has developed a School-Juvenile Court Liaison Program. Central to the effectiveness of this program is the appointment of a school staff member who fills the role of a liaison or "linking mechanism" between the school and court. The overall objective for the liaison is to increase…

National School Resource Network, Washington, DC.

258

Abbreviations for Hemingway Works Cambridge Edition of The Letters of Ernest Hemingway  

Microsoft Academic Search

: Sandra Spanier, General Editor of the Cambridge Edition, shares the “Abbreviations for Hemingway Works” created for The Letters of Ernest Hemingway. With this issue of The Hemingway Review we will be adopting the Cambridge system as our “house style.”

Sandra Spanier

2011-01-01

259

Abbreviations for Hemingway Works Cambridge Edition of The Letters of Ernest Hemingway  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sandra Spanier, General Editor of the Cambridge Edition, shares the “Abbreviations for Hemingway Works” created for The Letters of Ernest Hemingway. With this issue of The Hemingway Review we will be adopting the Cambridge system as our “house style.”

Sandra Spanier

2011-01-01

260

Private Universe Project in Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Phil Sadler, an educator from Harvard University, discusses the nature of learning science and how to recognize whether a student understands a scientific concept. He uses the example of attempting to light a bulb using only a battery and one wire.

Astrophysics, Harvard-Smithsonian C.

261

The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development was started in 1987 by Professors Stephen Cornell and Joseph P. Kalt. The Project's primary goal is "to understand and foster the conditions under which sustained, self-determined social and economic development is achieved among American Indian nations." To accomplish this goal, the Project has sponsored a number of conferences and events, and as also offered advisory services to interested persons and tribal leaders. The "Publications" area is a good way to take a look at the fruits of their labors, as it includes the archives of the Joint Occasional Papers on Native Affairs and a variety of field reports, such as "Renewing Beauty: Options for Navajo Land Management and Decision Making".

262

Report of Survey for McDonald Observatory, Harvard Radio Astronomy Station, and Vicinity.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A special purpose three-dimensional geodetic survey was conducted in the vicinity of the McDonald Observatory and Harvard Radio Astronomy Station (HRAS) near Ft. Davis, Texas. The observing program included astronomic positions and azimuths, zenith distan...

W. E. Carter J. E. Pettey

1981-01-01

263

Communities Complicate Gene Transplant Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Confrontations have arisen between local communities and universities involved in molecular biology research. The situation in Cambridge, Massachusetts, is described in which citizens have opposed work undertaken at Harvard and MIT. (LBH)

Randal, Judith

1976-01-01

264

Harvard Forest regional-scale air mass composition by Patterns in Atmospheric Transport History (PATH)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We calculated 4 years (1990-1993) of back trajectories arriving at Harvard Forest and used them to define patterns in atmospheric transport history. This information was used to assess the degree to which regional-scale transport modulates the chemical composition of air masses sampled at Harvard Forest. Different seasonal signals in trace-gas concentration are derived for different flow patterns. Throughout the year,

J. L. Moody; J. W. Munger; A. H. Goldstein; D. J. Jacob; S. C. Wofsy

1998-01-01

265

Our Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Universe in which we live is unimaginably vast and ancient, with countless star systems, galaxies, and extraordinary phenomena such as black holes, dark matter, and gamma ray bursts. What phenomena remain mysteries, even to seasoned scientists? Our Universe is a fascinating collection of essays by some of the world's foremost astrophysicists. Some are theorists, some computational modelers, some observers, but all offer their insights into the most cutting-edge, difficult, and curious aspects of astrophysics. Compiled, the essays describe more than the latest techniques and findings. Each of the ten contributors offers a more personal perspective on their work, revealing what motivates them and how their careers and lives have been shaped by their desire to understand our universe. S. Alan Stern is Director of the Department of Space Studies at Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado. He is a planetary scientist and astrophysicist with both observational and theoretical interests. Stern is an avid pilot and a principal investigator in NASA's planetary research program, and he was selected to be a NASA space shuttle mission specialist finalist. He is the author of more than 100 papers and popular articles. His most recent book is Pluto & Charon (Wiley, 1997). Contributors: Dr. John Huchra, Harvard University Dr. Esther Hu, University of Hawaii, Honolulu Dr. John Mather, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Dr. Nick Gnedin, University of Colorado, Boulder Dr. Doug Richstone, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor Dr. Bohdan Paczynski, Princeton University, NJ Dr. Megan Donahue, Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD Dr. Jerry Ostriker, Princeton University, New Jersey G. Bothun, University of Oregon, Eugene

Stern, Alan

2001-03-01

266

The Harvard Radio Astronomy Station at Fort Davis, Texas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Harvard Radio Astronomy Station at Fort Davis, Texas, came into operation in 1956 as a radio extension of the U.S. Air Force Sacramento Peak Observatory. The location near Fort Davis was chosen for the low level of man-made radio signals. Initially the receiving equipment at the site included a 28-ft diameter antenna and covered the range 100-580 MHz. The receivers swept through this band approximately three times per second, recording the spectrum of solar radio activity. In subsequent years the frequency range was extended to cover all or parts of 10 MHz to 4 GHz. All recorded solar bursts were identified according to five principal spectral types, and lists including times, durations, and frequency ranges of all solar activity were published. Studies of the bursts included analyses of their relationships to flares and other optical solar phenomena, and also their relationships to geophysical phenomena, including magnetic storms and polar blackouts. An 85-ft diameter antenna was installed in 1963, which during 1970-1974 was used for solar observations in the range 580 MHz to 4 GHz. Otherwise this antenna was used for non-solar radio astronomy, including lunar occultations of radio sources, measurements of flux densities at 5 GHz, investigations of the Galactic Center, and similar projects. The solar program was closed in late 1982 after 26 years of continuous operation. After 1974 the 85-ft antenna was used mainly in a program of VLBI network observations conducted by astronomers from Caltech and NRAO. In 1991 it was replaced by an antenna of the VLBA program of the NRAO. This paper describes some details of the antennas and receivers, and results of the solar studies. It also includes a brief discussion of the non-solar observations other than the VLBI program.

Thompson, A. Richard

2010-03-01

267

"Universities, the Major Battleground in the Fight for Reason and Capitalism"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At the turn of the twentieth century, the presidents of Harvard University, Columbia University, and the University of Chicago issued declarations bolstering institutional resistance to attempts by external agencies to influence a faculty member's stance on issues of the day. The American Association of University Professors (AAUP) emerged some…

Jones, Gary H.

2010-01-01

268

Investigation on biomedical engineering education of the universities in US and UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

To enhance the student training and scientific research of biomedical engineering (BME) department of Tsinghua University, we investigated the top three universities on BME in US, which are John Hopkins University (JHU), Georgia Tech and Emory University (GTEU) and the Harvard & MIT Division of Health Science and Technology (HST). We also investigated the department of medical physics and bioengineering

Haishu Ding; Yichao Teng; Datian Ye

2005-01-01

269

Tropospheric reactive nitrogen speciation, deposition, and chemistry at Harvard Forest  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reactive nitrogen trace gases are central to the photochemistry of the troposphere: they participate in powerful catalytic cycles, stimulate ozone (O3) production, affect the concentration of the hydroxyl radical (OH), terminate reaction chains, and contribute to acid precipitation. They also have profound influences on the biosphere, since the form of nitrogen available to plants via wet and dry deposition affects nutrient loading, acid stress, and toxicity. We quantify the relative and absolute contributions of nitric acid (HNO 3) and NOx (nitric oxide (NO) + nitrogen dioxide (NO 2)) to total reactive nitrogen deposition at a typical Northeastern U.S. forest under a wide range of seasonal, meteorological, and transport conditions. A new tunable diode laser absorption spectrometer (TDLAS) was designed, built, and deployed on top of a 22 m tower at Harvard Forest to measure HNO3 and NO2 concentrations, with 1 s detection limits of several hundred pmol mol-1. The TDLAS NO 2 data were used to determine the eddy covariance flux. Other observations at the site included concentrations and fluxes of total odd nitrogen (NO y), NO, sensible heat and water vapor; and peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) concentration. At night, NO2 deposition depended quadratically on NO 2 concentration. During the day, eddy flux observations of coupled downward NO and upward NO2 fluxes above the forest were driven by gradients of light and eddy diffusivity through the canopy, and represented no net NO x flux. NO2 flux can be parameterized as a simple function of light, concentration (linear and quadratic terms), and stomatal conductance. Average net NOx deposition velocity was 0.2 cm s-1 with little variation between day and night. A dry deposition inferential method (DDIM) was used to estimate the hourly deposition velocity of HNO3. Weekly aggregates (simulating standard dry deposition network procedures) introduced noise but no significant bias into the HNO3 flux. HNO3 concentrations were slightly lower under clean (NW flow) conditions compared to more polluted (SW); inferred Vd(HNO3) was nearly the same for the two flow regimes, as low as 2 cm s-1 at night and up to 8 cm s-1 during the day. The concentration and flux budgets of NOy were essentially closed for the NW, and unaccounted by up to 50% for the SW. The deposition velocity of the unmeasured species (SW) was approximately 3 cm s-1.

Horii, Cassandra Volpe

270

Harvard study shows coffee consumption inversely associated with risk of most common form of skin cancer  

Cancer.gov

Increasing the number of cups of caffeinated coffee you drink could lower your risk of developing the most common form of skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma, according to a study published in Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. The researchers, who are affiliated with Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School in Boston and Harvard School of Public Health, generated their results by conducting a prospective analysis of data from the Nurses' Health Study, a large and long-running study to aid in the investigation of factors influencing women's health, and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, an analogous study for men. Brigham and Women's Hospital is part of the Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center.

271

BOOK REVIEW: The Artful Universe Expanded  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cosmos is an awfully big place and there is no better guide to its vast expanse and fascinating nooks and crannies than John Barrow. A professor of mathematical sciences at Cambridge University, Barrow embodies that rare combination of highly polished writer and expert scientist. His deft touch brings together the disparate threads of human knowledge and weaves them into

J. Barrow

2005-01-01

272

Taking the British Library Forward in the Twenty-First Century; Harvard's Library Digital Initiative: Building a First Generation Digital Library Infrastructure; Spoken Words, Unspoken Meanings: A DLI2 Project Ethnography; Resource Guide for the Social Sciences: Signposting a Dissemination and Support Route for Barefoot and Meta-Librarians in UK Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Includes four articles that discuss strategic planning in the British Library, including electronic strategies and collaborative partnerships; Harvard University's plans for a digital library infrastructure; the National Gallery of the Spoken Word, a Digital Library Initiative (DLI)-funded project that is language-related; and promoting networked…

Brindley, Lynne; Flecker, Dale; Seadle, Michael; Huxley, Lesly; Ford, Karen

2000-01-01

273

Fungal Taxa Target Different Carbon Substrates in Harvard Forest Soils  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mineralization of soil organic carbon is a major component of the global carbon cycle and is largely controlled by soil microbial communities. However, little is known about the functional roles of soil microbes or whether different microbial taxa target different carbon substrates under natural conditions. To examine this possibility, we assessed the community composition of active fungi by using a novel nucleotide analog technique in soils from the Harvard Forest. We hypothesized that fungal community composition would shift in response to the addition of different substrates and that specific fungal taxa would respond differentially to particular carbon sources. To test this hypothesis, we added a nucleotide analog probe directly to soils in conjunction with one of five carbon compounds of increasing recalcitrance: glycine, sucrose, cellulose, tannin-protein complex, and lignin. During 48 hour incubations, the nucleotide analog was incorporated into newly replicated DNA of soil organisms that proliferated following the addition of the substrates. In this way, we labeled the DNA of microbes that respond to a particular carbon source. Labeled DNA was isolated and fungal Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) regions of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) were sequenced and analyzed to identify active fungi to near-species resolution. Diversity analyses at the ?97% sequence similarity level indicated that taxonomic richness was greater under cellulose (Shannon Index: 3.23 ± 0.11 with ± 95% CI) and lignin (2.87 ± 0.15) additions than the other treatments (2.34 ± 0.16 to 2.64 ± 0.13). In addition, community composition of active fungi shifted under glycine, sucrose, and cellulose additions. Specifically, the community under glycine was significantly different from communities under control, cellulose, and tannin-protein (P<0.05). Additionally, the sucrose and cellulose communities were marginally different from the control community (P = 0.059 and 0.054, respectively) and each other (P = 0.058). Together these results support our hypothesis that fungal communities change in response to different carbon sources. We found 11 fungal operational taxonomic units (OTUs) whose relative abundances differed at least marginally significantly among substrates. One OTU related to Mortierella increased in abundance under cellulose, but was absent or rare under the other substrates. Another OTU related to an unidentified Basidiomycete was only present under lignin addition, while yet another OTU closely related to Mortierella macrocystis greatly increased in abundance under tannin-protein and slightly increased in response to lignin and sucrose. This confirms our hypothesis that particular taxa respond differently to specific carbon substrates and suggests that some fungal taxa may specialize in the break-down of particular carbon sources in soils. Overall, our results imply that microbes have varying roles in the mineralization of soil carbon, and thus microbial community composition may be an important control over ecosystem carbon dynamics and storage, especially in relation to global change.

Hanson, C. A.; Allison, S. D.; Wallenstein, M. D.; Mellilo, J. M.; Treseder, K. K.

2006-12-01

274

Validation of the Harvard Lyman-? in situ water vapor instrument: Implications for the mechanisms that control stratospheric water vapor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on previously published details of the laboratory calibrations of the Harvard Lyman-? photofragment fluorescence hygrometer (HWV) on the NASA ER-2 and WB-57 aircraft, we describe here the validation process for HWV, which includes laboratory calibrations and intercomparisons with other Harvard water vapor instruments at water vapor mixing ratios from 0 to 10 ppmv, followed by in-flight intercomparisons with the

E. M. Weinstock; J. B. Smith; D. S. Sayres; J. V. Pittman; J. R. Spackman; E. J. Hintsa; T. F. Hanisco; E. J. Moyer; J. M. St. Clair; M. R. Sargent; J. G. Anderson

2009-01-01

275

Princeton University: Annals of Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Annals of Mathematics is a bimonthly publication, which is "intended to serve the mathematical community." Originally, founded in 1884 by Ormond Stone of the University of Virginia, and later published by Harvard University, the Annals are now published by Princeton University and the Institute for Advanced Study. The website provides information for authors, including submission guidelines and information subscriptions to the Annals. An online index from issues published since 1994, as well as links to both AMS Reviews of the articles when available and electronic copies makes this articles highly accessible. Articles from 1884-1994 are available through JSTOR (link provided).

276

Tobacco control programmes for universities: a feasibility study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background University may be a good time for smoking cessation, because younger, lighter smokers are more successful at stopping. Methods An initial survey of 4141 students at Cambridge and Anglia Polytechnic universities identified the prevalence of smoking; questionnaires were given to smokers asking about desire to stop. Some respondents were invited to a discus- sion, but very few came. Those

Merlin L. Willcox

277

A concept in the right place at the wrong time: congestion metering in the city of Cambridge  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early 1990s the concept of congestion metering was considered in the context of the city of Cambridge. A trial was undertaken in October 1993 but it did not proceed beyond this stage. Why was this so? The paper attempts first to outline the reasons why the city of Cambridge presented an ideal opportunity for the implementation of some

Stephen Ison

1998-01-01

278

Implications of Computer Technology. Harvard University Program on Technology and Society.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lengthy abstracts of a small number of selected books and articles on the implications of computer technology are presented, preceded by a brief state-of-the-art survey which traces the impact of computers on the structure of economic and political organizations and socio-cultural patterns. A summary statement introduces each of the three…

Taviss, Irene; Burbank, Judith

279

Museum of Comparative Zoology Library--The Agassiz Library: Harvard University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the Museum of Comparative Zoology Library reflects the union between the nineteenth century natural history values of Louis Agassiz and the twentieth century library and information science methodology. Special collections, records, cataloging and classification, serials and their classification, policies, services, and procedures are…

Jonas, Eva S.; Regen, Shari S.

1986-01-01

280

Implications of Biomedical Technology. Harvard University Program on Technology and Society; Research Review Number One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A small number of books and articles devoted to the social, political, ethical, and legal implications of the biomedical field and technology have been abstracted for this document. A basic criterion for selection was the focus on questions of overall organization and public policy rather than on more specialized concerns. Topics covered include…

Taviss, Irene, Ed.; Koivumaki, Judith, Ed.

281

75 FR 58431 - Notice of Inventory Completion: Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...51464, is corrected by substituting the following paragraph: In 1972, individuals...seven individuals were collected from the Trudeau site in West Feliciana Parish, LA, by Jeffrey P. Brain as part of the Lower Mississippi Survey...

2010-09-24

282

Implications of Biomedical Technology. Harvard University Program on Technology and Society; Research Review Number One.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A small number of books and articles devoted to the social, political, ethical, and legal implications of the biomedical field and technology have been abstracted for this document. A basic criterion for selection was the focus on questions of overall organization and public policy rather than on more specialized concerns. Topics covered include…

Taviss, Irene, Ed.; Koivumaki, Judith, Ed.

283

An adaptation of the Cambridge Colour Test for use with animals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, molecular biological techniques have presented new opportunities for addressing questions concerning the neural mechanisms involved in color coding, thereby rousing renewed interest in animal color vision testing. We have modified a computer-based assessment tool, the Cambridge Colour Test, to make it suitable for use with animals. Here, the validity and reliability of the testing method were evaluated using squirrel

KATHERINE MANCUSO; MAUREEN NEITZ; JAY NEITZ

2006-01-01

284

COMMENTARY Occurrence of Pharmaceutically Acceptable Anions and Cations in the Cambridge Structural Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

The occurrence of a number of pharmaceutically acceptable counterions in the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) has been investigated. The results have been compared to the occurrence of the same counterions in a list of known pharmaceutical salts. Chloride salts are by far the highest occurring in both groups. The occurrence of hydrates in the structures of salts of pharmaceutically acceptable

DELIA A. HAYNES; WILLIAM JONES; W. D. SAMUEL MOTHERWELL

285

The Cambridge Millites and the Early Economic Writings of Leslie Stephen  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leslie Stephen is now chiefly remembered as the founder of the Cambridge school of literary criticism; a champion of agnosticism during a period in which such beliefs drew condemnation; a pioneer of the art of mountaineering and the author of numerous mountaineering classics; the first editor of one of the great literary projects of the Victorian age, the Dictionary of

Gregory C G Moore

2006-01-01

286

Cambridge-Miami Score for Intestinal Transplantation Preoperative Risk Assessment: Initial Development and Validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionPreoperative quantification of survival after transplantation would assist in assessing patients. We have developed a preliminary preoperative scoring system, called the Cambridge-Miami (CaMi) score, for transplantation of the small intestine either alone or as a composite graft.

S. J. Middleton; S. Nishida; A. Tzakis; J. M. Woodward; S. Duncan; C. J. Watson; A. Wiles; R. Sivaprakasam; A. J. Butler; S. M. Gabe; N. V. Jamieson

2010-01-01

287

Dialogism in Caryl Phillips's Cambridge, or the democratisation of cultural memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article sets out to re?evaluate Caryl Phillips's novel Cambridge in the light of its intertextual dimension. It illustrates how the novel is carefully and deliberately composed of innumerable fragments of 18th and 19th century travelogues and histories on the one hand, and early black British writings on the other. In a major artistic and imaginative achievement, Phillips thus not

Lars Eckstein

2001-01-01

288

Using the Concordancer in Vocabulary Development for the Cambridge Advanced English (CAE) Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses concordancing activities tailored for use with English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) students in the Cambridge Advanced English course in Australia. The article focuses on students selecting appropriate vocabulary to complete gapped text. Findings indicate that these activities benefit ESL students by providing authentic examples of…

Somogyi, Emma

1996-01-01

289

Preliminary control technology assessment of the Cambridge Tile Manufacturing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio  

Microsoft Academic Search

A visit was made to the Cambridge Tile Manufacturing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio to evaluate methods used to control hazardous conditions arising during the manufacturing process. Particular attention was given to controlling exposures to harmful chemical agents, silica, noise and excessive heat. The company manufactured 20,000 square feet of tile per day including nonrefractory tiles. A fabric stocking-type sleeve between railroad

1982-01-01

290

Ninth Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems and the Sun.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Grant was used to publish the Proceedings from the Ninth Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun held in Florence, Italy from 3 to 6 October 1995. The Proceedings were published by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific in the...

A. K. Dupree

1998-01-01

291

Civil Politics in the Animal Rights Conflict: God Terms versus Casuistry in Cambridge, Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many public debates become polarized, degenerating into a pattern of mutual suspicion and name-calling that preclude communication or compromise. The debate over animal research has typically followed this path. To understand how polarization might be avoided, we examine the factors that helped prevent it in one local controversy: Cambridge, Massachusetts in the late 1980s. These factors include the personal style

Scott Sanders; James M. Jasper

1994-01-01

292

Curriculum, Pedagogy, and the Cambridge Primary Review: A Response to R. J. Campbell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the author's response to R.J. Campbell's critique of the "Cambridge Primary Review," which was published in the autumn of 2009. The author argues that Campbell's description of the "Review's" central proposals on curriculum and pedagogy as "backward-looking and inadequately theorised" is so misjudged as to call for a…

Armstrong, Michael

2011-01-01

293

Provisional Approaches to Goals for School Mathematics; Cambridge Conference on School Mathematics Feasibility Study No. 37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These materials were written with the aim of reflecting the thinking of Cambridge Conference on School Mathematics (CCSM) regarding the goals and objectives for school mathematics K-6. In view of the experiences of other curriculum groups and of the general discussions since 1963, the present report initiates the next step in evolving the…

Cambridge Conference on School Mathematics, Newton, MA.

294

Validation of a Tibetan Translation of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study sought to translate and validate the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (HSCL) and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) in a Tibetan population. Translated questionnaires were administered to 57 Tibetan survivors of torture/human rights abuses living in the United States and receiving services in a torture treatment program. Participants…

Lhewa, Dechen; Banu, Sophia; Rosenfeld, Barry; Keller, Allen

2007-01-01

295

Case study on technology and distance in education at the Harvard Business School  

Microsoft Academic Search

For almost a century, the Harvard Business School has used case studies as the basis for experiential learning in both MBA and Executive Education courses. This article presents a case on the school itself: its learning objectives and environment and the challenges of integrating technology into programs that have traditionally relied upon face-to-face, highly interactive classes. The authors summarize findings

Brian J. Delacey; Dorothy A. Leonard

2002-01-01

296

Australian norms for the harvard group scale of hypnotic susceptibility, Form A  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australian norms for the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A (Shor & E. Orne, 1962) are presented and results relating to score distributions, item difficulty level, reliability, and validity are considered for 3 distinct samples of Australian students. Data are compared with both the original norms (Shor & E. Orne, 1963) and additional American (Coe, 1964) normative data.

Peter W. Sheehan; Kevin M. McConkey

1979-01-01

297

FORECASTING AND SIMULATING COASTAL OCEAN PROCESSES AND VARIABILITIES WITH THE HARVARD OCEAN PREDICTION SYSTEM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sustained accurate and efficient oceanic field estimates are now feasible because of the advent of ocean prediction systems. Such systems produce nowcasts, forecasts and data-driven simulations by melding dynamics and observations via the assimilation of measurements into numerical models. The Harvard Ocean Prediction System is a flexible, portable and generic system for nowcasting, forecasting and simulations. Recent results from the

Allan R. Robinson

298

Further norms on the harvard group scale of hypnotic susceptibility, form A  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A was administered to 168 upper level college students. Findings are congruent with the original normative data reported by Shor and E. C. Orne. Differences between the two samples' mean scores and distributions are discussed in terms of sample composition. Further support for the group scale as an accurate predictor of hypnotic

William C. Coe

1964-01-01

299

EVALUATION OF THE HARVARD OZONE PASSIVE SAMPLER ON HUMAN SUBJECTS INDOORS  

EPA Science Inventory

A small, inexpensive ozone passive sampler was developed by Koutrakis et al. (1) to provide a convenient means for measuring ozone. This paper presents validation results of the Harvard ozone passive sampler and investigation of ozone behavior around the human body through a seri...

300

Spotlight on Student Engagement, Motivation, and Achievement. No. 5 in the Harvard Education Letter Spotlight Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Only when students feel engaged both socially and academically can schools and teachers lay the groundwork to motivate achievement. This volume, the fifth in the "Harvard Education Letter" Spotlight series, brings together fifteen seminal articles that examine research and practice on these complex and interrelated issues. Contributors include:…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.; Walser, Nancy, Ed.

2009-01-01

301

The Harvard Twin Study of Substance Abuse: What We Have Learned  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Harvard Twin Study of Substance Abuse was carried out with the members of the Vietnam Era Twin (VET) Registry. The VET Registry comprises over 8000 male twins who served in the United States military between 1965 and 1975 and were subsequently inter- viewed regarding their use of licit and illicit substances, as well as various types of psychopathology. Our

Ming T. Tsuang; Jessica L. Bar; Rebecca M. Harley; Michael J. Lyons

2001-01-01

302

Reconsidering the Harvard Medical Practice Study Conclusions About the Validity of Medical Malpractice Claims  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over fifteen years after first reporting to the State of New York, the Harvard Medical Practice Study (HMPS) continues to have a significant impact in medical malpractice policy debates. In those debates the HMPS has come to stand for four main propositions. First, \\

Tom Baker

2005-01-01

303

Spotlight on Student Engagement, Motivation, and Achievement. No. 5 in the Harvard Education Letter Spotlight Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Only when students feel engaged both socially and academically can schools and teachers lay the groundwork to motivate achievement. This volume, the fifth in the "Harvard Education Letter" Spotlight series, brings together fifteen seminal articles that examine research and practice on these complex and interrelated issues. Contributors include:…

Chauncey, Caroline T., Ed.; Walser, Nancy, Ed.

2009-01-01

304

Retrospective Data Quality Audits of the Harvard Six Cities and American Cancer Society Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Harvard Six Cities (6-Cities) and American Cancer Society (ACS) studies are longitudinal cohort mortality studies of large populations that provided important information about the human health effects associated with long-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution. Possible changes to federal regulation of particulates prompted a review of data collection methods, analysis, and reported results from these two studies. This

B. Kristin Hoover; Donna Foliart; Warren White; Aaron Cohen; Linda Calisti; Daniel Krewski; Mark Goldberg

2003-01-01

305

The Contribution of the Harvard Business School to Management Control, 1908–1980  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper documents and discusses the evolution of management con- trol, which includes management and financial accounting, in the Harvard Business School (HBS) from 1908 to 1980. Primary emphasis is placed on the roles of the key movers, Ross G. Walker and Robert N. Anthony. The successive alterations in the configuration and content of the MBA courses in the Business

Stephen A. Zeff

2008-01-01

306

Making Research Count in Indian Country: The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development is the largest and most comprehensive effort to understand how Indian nations can overcome persistent poverty and restore their own economic vitality and social sovereignty. The project's research base, services to Indian nations, executive education, teaching, and outreach are…

Begay, Manley; Cornell, Stephen; Kalt, Joseph P.

1998-01-01

307

Reframing Leadership: The ACRL\\/Harvard Leadership Institute for Academic Librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leadership development programs focus on providing administrators with the technical skills of management and the transformative skills of leadership. Now approaching its tenth anniversary, the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL)\\/Harvard Leadership Institute has been successful in encouraging academic library administrators to explore the effectiveness of their own leadership and how it positions their libraries to face contemporary challenges.

Sally W. Kalin

2008-01-01

308

An Evaluation Report of the Harvard Health Careers Summer Program for Minority Students: Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Application and recommendation forms, numerous evaluation forms, questionnaires, and responses to taped interviews are some areas of information presented in Appendices I-XIV contained in Volume II. See also Volume I of the Harvard Health Careers Summer Program (TM 000 760) and the Report Summary (TM 000 762). (AG)

Blacklow, Robert S.; And Others

309

From Activism to Pro Bono: The Redirection of Working Class Altruism at Harvard Law School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although a substantial proportion of incoming working class students at Harvard Law School plan careers in public service law, few actually pursue this course after graduation. Through a survey and in-depth interviews with 23 working class students we illustrate some of the ways they are rechannelled toward careers in high status commercial law firms and the ways they deal with

Robert Granfield; Thomas Koenig

1990-01-01

310

Can Ethics Be Taught? Perspectives, Challenges, and Approaches at Harvard Business School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book describes in five chapters how the Harvard Business School has redeveloped its curriculum to place leadership, ethics, and corporate responsibility at the center of its mission. Chapter 1, "Rediscovery of Purpose: The Genesis of the Leadership, Ethics, and Corporate Responsibility Initiative," (Thomas R. Piper) describes the context for…

Piper, Thomas R.; And Others

311

A 2-Year Progress Report of the AACAP-Harvard Macy Teaching Scholars Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) has partnered with the Harvard Macy Program for Healthcare Educators so that selected child and adolescent psychiatry academic faculty might enhance their teaching expertise in order to possibly enhance recruitment of medical students into child and adolescent psychiatry.…

Hunt, Jeffrey; Stubbe, Dorothy E.; Hanson, Mark; Al-Mateen, Cheryl S.; Cuccio, Anne; Dingle, Arden D.; Glowinski, Anne; Guthrie, Elizabeth; Kelley, Kathy; Malloy, Erin M.; Mehlinger, Renee; O'Melia, Anne; Shatkin, Jess; Anders, Thomas F.

2008-01-01

312

The structure and evolution of normal galaxies; Proceedings of the Advanced Study Institute, Cambridge University, Cambridge, England), August 3-15, 1980  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Papers are presented on the dynamical structure and chemical evolution of normal galaxies in light of recent discoveries concerning the dark masses of galaxies and the slow rotation of elliptical galaxies. Specific topics include the general properties of galaxies which must be explained, the photometric and dynamical properties of elliptical galaxies, models developed to account for elliptical galaxy dynamics, stellar dynamical processes that can lead to galaxy mergers, the structure of barred galaxies, and a mechanism for the generation of spiral structure in galaxies. Attention is also given to the distribution of neutral hydrogen in galaxies, the statistical properties of nonthermal radio emissions from galaxies, the X-ray properties of normal galaxies and clusters of galaxies, the chemical evolution of galaxies, the rate of galactic star formation, and the distribution and motions of globular clusters as indicators of galactic history.

Fall, S. M.; Lynden-Bell, D.

313

Is detection of adverse events affected by record review methodology? an evaluation of the "Harvard Medical Practice Study" method and the "Global Trigger Tool"  

PubMed Central

Background There has been a theoretical debate as to which retrospective record review method is the most valid, reliable, cost efficient and feasible for detecting adverse events. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the feasibility and capability of two common retrospective record review methods, the “Harvard Medical Practice Study” method and the “Global Trigger Tool” in detecting adverse events in adult orthopaedic inpatients. Methods We performed a three-stage structured retrospective record review process in a random sample of 350 orthopaedic admissions during 2009 at a Swedish university hospital. Two teams comprised each of a registered nurse and two physicians were assigned, one to each method. All records were primarily reviewed by registered nurses. Records containing a potential adverse event were forwarded to physicians for review in stage 2. Physicians made an independent review regarding, for example, healthcare causation, preventability and severity. In the third review stage all adverse events that were found with the two methods together were compared and all discrepancies after review stage 2 were analysed. Events that had not been identified by one of the methods in the first two review stages were reviewed by the respective physicians. Results Altogether, 160 different adverse events were identified in 105 (30.0%) of the 350 records with both methods combined. The “Harvard Medical Practice Study” method identified 155 of the 160 (96.9%, 95% CI: 92.9-99.0) adverse events in 104 (29.7%) records compared with 137 (85.6%, 95% CI: 79.2-90.7) adverse events in 98 (28.0%) records using the “Global Trigger Tool”. Adverse events “causing harm without permanent disability” accounted for most of the observed difference. The overall positive predictive value for criteria and triggers using the “Harvard Medical Practice Study” method and the “Global Trigger Tool” was 40.3% and 30.4%, respectively. Conclusions More adverse events were identified using the “Harvard Medical Practice Study” method than using the “Global Trigger Tool”. Differences in review methodology, perception of less severe adverse events and context knowledge may explain the observed difference between two expert review teams in the detection of adverse events.

2013-01-01

314

Potential impact of high speed networking on teaching and learning in universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1992 a report was commissioned by the UK Universities and Research Councils Joint Network Team on the potential impact of the high speed SuperJANET network on the teaching and learning practices in universities. The report used structured interviews with staff at the universities of Cambridge and Kent to predict and identify any inhibitors and actions necessary to ensure effective

J. Aston; J. B. Slater

1995-01-01

315

A Funding Initiative for Community-Based Participatory Research: Lessons from the Harvard Catalyst Seed Grants  

PubMed Central

Background The National Institutes of Health–funded Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) have increasingly focused on community-engaged research and funded investigators for community-based participatory research (CBPR). However, because CBPR is a collaborative process focused on community-identified research topics, the Harvard CTSA and its Community Advisory Board (CERAB) funded community partners through a CBPR initiative. Objectives We describe lessons learned from this seed grants initiative designed to stimulate community–academic CBPR partnerships. Methods The CBPR program of the Harvard CTSA and the CERAB developed this initiative and each round incorporated participant and advisory feedback toward program improvement. Lessons Learned Although this initiative facilitated relevant and innovative research, challenges included variable community research readiness, insufficient project time, and difficulties identifying investigators for new partnerships. Conclusion Seed grants can foster innovative CBPR projects. Similar initiatives should consider preliminary assessments of community research readiness as well as strategies for meaningful academic researcher engagement.

Tendulkar, Shalini A.; Chu, Jocelyn; Opp, Jennifer; Geller, Alan; DiGirolamo, Ann; Gandelman, Ediss; Grullon, Milagro; Patil, Pratima; King, Stacey; Hacker, Karen

2013-01-01

316

A spiritual leader? Cambridge zoology, mountaineering and the death of F.M. Balfour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Frank Balfour was regarded by his colleagues as one of the greatest biologists of his day and Charles Darwin’s successor, yet the young aristocrat died in a climbing accident before his thirty-first birthday. Reactions to his death reveal much about the image of science and scientists in late-Victorian Britain. In this paper I examine the development of the Cambridge school

Helen Blackman

2004-01-01

317

Institutionalizing Poet’s Theater: The Cambridge Poets’ Theatre in the 1950s  

Microsoft Academic Search

The beginnings of American poet’s theater coalesced in the period immediately following WWII, when rich, performance-oriented poetry and theater scenes came together on the makeshift stages of urban coffee houses, shared apartments, and underground theaters. One of the most important poet’s theater groups was the Cambridge Poets’ Theatre, founded by playwright and performer V. R. “Bunny” Lang and Beat poet

Heidi R. Bean

2011-01-01

318

Belimumab Human Genome Sciences/Cambridge Antibody Technology/GlaxoSmithKline.  

PubMed

Belimumab, the lead in a series of human monoclonal antibodies against the human protein B-lymphocyte stimulator (BLyS), is under development by Human Genome Sciences, Cambridge Antibody Technology and GlaxoSmithKline for the potential treatment of autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). By January 2006, belimumab had completed phase II clinical trials in SLE and RA; a phase III clinical SLE trial is scheduled to begin later this year. PMID:16729724

Ding, Changhai; Jones, Graeme

2006-05-01

319

Seasonal variation of the ozone production efficiency per unit NO x at Harvard Forest, Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Weekly values of the net 03 production efficiency (OPE), defined as the net number of 03 molecules produced per molecule of NOx (NO + NO2) consumed, are estimated from a 1990-1994 record of 03, NOx, NOy, CO, and C2H 2 concentrations at Harvard Forest, Massachusetts. The OPE is inferred from the slope AO3\\/A(NOy-NOx) of the linear regression between 03 and

Adam I. Hirsch; J. William Munger; Daniel J. Jacob; Larry W. Horowitz; Allen H. Goldstein

1996-01-01

320

John Warren (1753-1815): American surgeon, patriot and Harvard Medical School founder.  

PubMed

Dr John Warren was educated in the medical apprenticeship tradition of mid-18th century Boston, Massachusetts. As a surgeon in the American Continental Army he honed not only his surgical but also his teaching skills by providing continuing medical education to his colleagues in Boston's military hospital. Warren became a driving force in post-war Boston medicine. His organizational talents, zeal for science and vision for Massachusetts medicine led to the creation of Harvard Medical School. PMID:20798412

Craig, Stephen C

2010-08-01

321

Applying problem-based learning to the teaching of anatomy: the example of Harvard Medical School  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of problem-based learning techniques into the teaching of anatomy has been subject to great controversies.\\u000a This paper debates the rationale behind this concept using the example of the curriculum of Harvard Medical School in which\\u000a problem-based learning techniques have been used during the past 20 years. The anatomy curriculum is covered during the eight\\u000a first weeks of the medical

René Yiou; Daniel Goodenough

2006-01-01

322

Modelling light use efficiency using vegetation index and land surface temperature from MODIS in Harvard Forest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Light use efficiency (LUE) is of great importance for carbon cycle and climate change research. This study presents a new LUE model incorporation of vegetation indices (VIs) and land surface temperature (LST) derived from the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) in Harvard Forest. Three indices, including the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), the two-band enhanced vegetation index (EVI2) and the soil-adjusted

Chaoyang Wu; Zheng Niu

2011-01-01

323

Modelling light use efficiency using vegetation index and land surface temperature from MODIS in Harvard Forest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Light use efficiency (LUE) is of great importance for carbon cycle and climate change research. This study presents a new LUE model incorporation of vegetation indices (VIs) and land surface temperature (LST) derived from the Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) in Harvard Forest. Three indices, including the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), the two-band enhanced vegetation index (EVI2) and the soil-adjusted

Chaoyang Wu; Zheng Niu

2012-01-01

324

Articulating Domestic and Global University Descriptors and Indices of Excellence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|At the 2010 American Educational Research Association (AERA) annual conference, a featured invited session focused on "How professors think: inside the curious world of academic judgment." Harvard University professor and author, Michele Lamont, articulated a thoughtful precis of her book. Her material concentrates on the "curious" world of…

Lindsay, Beverly

2012-01-01

325

Conference on Surfaces of Biomaterials Biotechnology - Biointeractions '87 Held in Cambridge, United Kingdom on 6-8 July 1987,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Presentations given at this conference, held in July 1987 in Cambridge, UK, are discussed. The conference was focused on the ways in which biotechnological products and man-made materials interact physically and chemically with biological environments. Th...

C. E. Zomzely-Neurath

1987-01-01

326

Determinants of University Students' Political Attitudes or Demythologizing Campus Political Activism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four general hypotheses concerning the sources of university students' political attitudes are presented and evaluated in this paper. A cross-sectional survey of American male Harvard University graduate students was conducted with a questionnaire dealing with attitudes toward United States involvement in Vietnam. Responses were analyzed by…

Riffer, Roger L.

327

Edward Y. Hartshorne and the Reopening of German Universities, 1945-1946: His Personal Account.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Characterizes U.S. Edward Y. Hartshorne as a "manager of German social recovery." An instructor at Harvard University and protege of sociologist Talcott Parsons, Hartshorne was instrumental in the post-war reopening of German universities. Discusses Hartshorne's activities in military intelligence and psychological warfare, as well as the…

Tent, James F.

1997-01-01

328

Universal Design for Learning in Postsecondary Education: Reflections on Principles and their Application  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Authored by the teaching staff of T-560: Meeting the Challenge of Individual Differences at the Harvard Graduate School of Education, this article reflects on potential applications of universal design for learning (UDL) in university courses, illustrating major points with examples from T-560. The article explains the roots of UDL in cognitive…

Rose, David H.; Harbour, Wendy S.; Johnston, Catherine Sam; Daley, Samantha G.; Abarbanell, Linda

2006-01-01

329

The Innovative University: Changing the DNA of Higher Education from the Inside Out  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Innovative University illustrates how higher education can respond to the forces of disruptive innovation , and offers a nuanced and hopeful analysis of where the traditional university and its traditions have come from and how it needs to change for the future. Through an examination of Harvard and BYU-Idaho as well as other stories of…

Christensen, Clayton M.; Eyring, Henry J.

2011-01-01

330

Wobbling on a One-Legged Stool: The Decline of American Pluralism and the Academic Treatment of Corporate Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

B. Readings (University in Ruins. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1996) argued that universities have abandoned their original project of promoting a national culture and have tried to substitute by embracing “globalization,” but the vagueness and incoherence of the concept has failed to return purpose to the University. The academic treatment of corporate social responsibility illustrates this dilemma. For a generation

Richard Marens

2004-01-01

331

Conveying the Meaning of the Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the late summer of 2008, after the 2007-2008 fiscal year's books had closed, the nation's wealthiest universities were confronted with an unfamiliar sight: single-digit endowment returns. Not since 2003 had Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts), Princeton University (Princeton, New Jersey), or Stanford University (Stanford, California)…

Anderson, Luke A.

2010-01-01

332

Conveying the Meaning of the Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late summer of 2008, after the 2007-2008 fiscal year's books had closed, the nation's wealthiest universities were confronted with an unfamiliar sight: single-digit endowment returns. Not since 2003 had Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts), Princeton University (Princeton, New Jersey), or Stanford University (Stanford, California)…

Anderson, Luke A.

2010-01-01

333

Books reviewed  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Rise of the United Association: National Unionism in the Pipe Trades, 1884–1924. By Martin Segal. Published by the Wertheim Committee, Harvard University; distributed by Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass. 1970. 244 pp. $8.00.Cry From the Cotton: The Southern Tenant Farmer's Union and the New Deal. By Donald H. Grubbs. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. 1971. 192

Oscar Berland; David E. Conrad; W. R. Garside; G. A. Waggoner; Kenneth R. Calkins; George W. Schuyler; W. A. Dawson S. J

1972-01-01

334

Alliance business models for university start-up technology ventures: a resource based perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses a resource-based perspective to present an initial examination of some of the roles played by strategic alliances in the business models of technology-based ventures whose origins are within the University of Cambridge. Analysis of 150 technology ventures (predominantly based around information technology, telecommunications and biotechnology) established over the period 1992- 2002 by current and recent University of

Tim Minshall

2003-01-01

335

Women Students and Student Life at England's Civic Universities before the First World War.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that England's civic universities maintained a much less restrictive environment than Oxford or Cambridge. Civic university women participated in all aspects of student life often exceeding the involvement of male students. Argues that social and economic differences contributed to this dichotomy. (MJP)

Gilbert, Julie S.

1994-01-01

336

Universities of the Third Age: Learning in Retirement. Trends and Issues Alert No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief suggests that Universities of the Third Age (U3As) provide learning opportunities for older adults. Worldwide, they typically take one of two forms. Based on the first U3A founded in 1973, the French model is university based and offers mostly formal courses. Arising in Cambridge in 1981, the British model emphasizes informal,…

Kerka, Sandra

337

KGB sources on the Cambridge network of Soviet agents: True or false?  

Microsoft Academic Search

John Costello and Oleg Tsarev, Deadly Illusions (New York\\/London: Gown\\/Century 1993) Pp.538, biblio, index. Ł18.99. ISBN 0–7126–5500?X.Yuri Modin, With Jean?Charles Deniau and Aguieszka Ziarek My Five Cambridge Friends (London: Headline 1994) Pp.282, index. Ł16.99. ISBN 0–7472–1280–5.Genrikh Borovik, The Philby Files (London: Little Brown and Company, 1994) Pp.382, index. Ł18.99. ISBN 0–316–91015–5.Pavel Sudoplatov, and Anatoli Sudoplatov with Jerrold L. and Leona

Sheila Kerr

1996-01-01

338

Drawing the line on natural gas regulation: The Harvard study on the future of natural gas  

SciTech Connect

The Harvard Study on the Future of Natural Gas Policy reflects the ideas, discussions, and debates of nine authors and more than seventy experts from business, government, and academia. These study participants constituted the Executive Working Group, which met in three sessions during 1984-1985. The executive sessions provided forums for the authors to present versions of their chapters at progressive stages of development. The results were invaluable insights and perspectives from parties directly involved in the ongoing debates over the reform of natural gas policy. In addition, a number of participants have contributed written comments on the various chapters of this book.

Kalt, J.P.; Schuller, F.C. (eds.)

1987-01-01

339

Academic-industrial relations before the blockbuster drugs: lessons from the Harvard Committee on Pharmacotherapy, 1939-1943.  

PubMed

Increasing discussion has developed in recent years over the nature of the relationship between academic medicine and the pharmaceutical industry. This article narrates the history of a little-known attempt at Harvard Medical School between 1939 and 1943 to establish an interdisciplinary, academic-industrial Committee on Pharmacotherapy to enhance and rationalize the relationship between the field of academic research in pharmacotherapeutics and the pharmaceutical industry. Using original archival materials, the authors depict the functioning of the committee, which was headed by Soma Weiss and included such members as Fuller Albright, Henry Beecher, and Walter Cannon. The committee would be collectively funded by seven pharmaceutical companies and was to be predicated on collaboration, both across the entire university and between academia and industry. It was expected to transform the bench-to-bedside study and testing of therapeutic compounds, to redefine the teaching of pharmacotherapy, and to create a unified forum through which to discuss the overall academic-industrial relationship and more specific issues such as patents. Unfortunately, the program proved to be short-lived, the victim of such contingent factors as the untimely death of Soma Weiss and America's entry into World War II, as well as such more fundamental factors as the inadequate and temporary nature of the funding stream and unresolved tensions regarding the goals of the committee on the part of both the medical school and its industry supporters. Nevertheless, these early forays into collaborative bench-to-bedside translational research and the rationalization of academic-industrial relations remain instructive today. PMID:21346508

Podolsky, Scott H; Greene, Jeremy A

2011-04-01

340

Liver transplantation in 100 children: Cambridge and King's College Hospital series.  

PubMed Central

To review the results of the Addenbrooke's and King's College Hospital children's liver transplantation programme. Retrospective analysis of the first 100 children to receive liver grafts at Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, from December 1983 to March 1990. Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, and King's College Hospital, London. 153 children assessed for liver transplantation, of whom 22 died before a donor became available and 31 were considered unsuitable. 100 children received grafts, of whom 27 had second grafts. One year actuarial patient survival was 71%, with 57% one year graft survival. In the last two years survival rates had improved considerably, with 86% of patients and 63% of grafts surviving for at least one year. Sixty five children were alive 12 to 86 months after transplantation; 63 were well and leading normal active lives and 56 had entirely normal liver function. Children's growth and development were essentially normal, with many showing remarkable catch up growth. Liver transplantation offers children with terminal liver disease a high chance of a return to full quality life and normal development. Improved surgical and medical care have progressively improved survival. The timing of transplantation is critical but has been constrained particularly by the availability of donors and resources.

Salt, A; Noble-Jamieson, G; Barnes, N D; Mowat, A P; Rolles, K; Jamieson, N; Johnston, P; Friend, P; Calne, R Y

1992-01-01

341

A road not taken: the proposal for a Harvard School of Nursing.  

PubMed

The modernist orientation of nurse leaders in the late nineteenth century directly impacted the future of nursing in the USA. Their orientation is explored in this article as a factor that may have contributed to the failure of the Harvard School of Nursing proposal - a road not taken in nursing education, a road that would have afforded nursing an early central role within the Harvardization of American post-secondary education. The backlash resulting from the attention that was given to Alfred Worcester and Annette Fiske's radical call for contextualization is explored. Modernist tropes of thought that enabled early nurse leaders to weld nursing education to hospitals through the actions of nursing superintendents are described. Outcomes resulting from this welding are delineated, including idolatry of the hospital as nursing's icon, subservience to physicians, a monastic on-duty mantra, the development of a standardized curriculum linked to hospitals, and the framing of state registration within a philosophy that disenfranchised nurses. A non-teleological, narrative analysis of this case is offered to enable nursing to heighten the tensions between the tropes of modernism and those of contextualism, and thus, to empower leaders in the re-invention of America's twenty-first century healthcare delivery system. PMID:20602707

Ward, Frances

2010-06-01

342

Harvard-MIT research program in short-lived radiopharmaceuticals. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Harvard-MIT Research Program in Short-lived Radiopharmaceuticals was established in 1977 to foster interaction among groups working in radiopharmaceutical chemistry at Harvard Medical School, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the Massachusetts General Hospital. To this was added a group at The Childrens Hospital. From these collaborations and building upon the special strengths of the participating individuals, laboratories and institutions, it was hoped that original approaches would be found for the design of new, clinically useful, radiolabeled compounds. The original thrust of this proposal included: (a) examination of the coordination chemistry of technetium as a basis for rational radiopharmaceutical design, (b) development of an ultrashort-lived radionuclide generator for the diagnosis of congenital heart disease in newborns, (c) synthesis of receptor-site-directed halopharmaceuticals, (d) improved facile labeling of complex molecules with positron-emitting radionuclides. The authors` 1986 proposal was oriented toward organs and disease, emphasizing radiolabeled agents that delineate specific functions and the distribution of receptors in brain, heart, and tumors. In 1989, they further refined their purposes and focused on two major aims: (a) synthesis and utilization of neutral technetium and rhenium complexes of high specific activity, and (b) development of new approaches to the radiolabeling of proteins, peptides, immunoglobulins, and their fragments. In 1992, the authors amended this proposal to concentrate their efforts on biologically active peptides and proteins for targeted radiodiagnosis and therapy.

Adelstein, S.J. [Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Office of Sponsored Programs

1995-02-01

343

Pathology in the new pathway of medical education at Harvard Medical School.  

PubMed

In 1985 Harvard Medical School initiated an experimental curriculum that incorporated many of the recommendations of the report on the General Professional Education of the Physician (GPEP). Key features are problem-based small group tutorials that emphasize active learning, with increased independent study time and a decreased number of lectures. Tutors serve as guides to their students and are not necessarily experts in the discipline of the cases studied. Learning skills are taught, including information acquisition and criticism and computer literacy. Knowledge is integrated from the beginning by interdisciplinary basic science courses, by earlier introduction of the clinical sciences, and by juxtaposition of the scientific and humanistic aspects of medicine. Preventive medicine, health maintenance, and ambulatory care are given more attention. The students are organized into societies that provide vertical integration and promote cooperation among students and closer contact with faculty. Pathology has proved to be a popular and key bridge in the new curriculum. The success of the early efforts at Harvard and several pioneering medical schools should encourage others to move toward more problem-solving, student-centered, integrative medical education. PMID:2801620

Colvin, R B; Wetzel, M S

1989-10-01

344

DIGITAL ACCESS TO A SKY CENTURY AT HARVARD: INITIAL PHOTOMETRY AND ASTROMETRY  

SciTech Connect

Digital Access to a Sky Century at Harvard (DASCH) is a project to digitize the collection of {approx}500,000 glass photographic plates held at Harvard College Observatory. The collection spans the time period from 1880 to 1985, during which time every point on the sky was been observed from 500 to 1000 times. In this paper, we describe the DASCH commissioning run, during which we developed the data-reduction pipeline, characterized the plates and fine-tuned the digitizer's performance and operation. This initial run consisted of 500 plates taken from a variety of different plate series, all containing the open cluster Praeseppe (M44). We report that accurate photometry at the 0.1 mag level is possible on the majority of plates, and demonstrate century-long light curves of various types of variable stars in and around M44. DASCH will generate a public online archive of the entire plate collection, including images, source catalogs, and light curves for nearly all astronomical objects brighter than about 17th magnitude.

Laycock, S. [Gemini Observatory, 670 North A'O'Hoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Tang, S.; Grindlay, J.; Los, E.; Simcoe, R.; Mink, D., E-mail: silas@head.cfa.harvard.ed [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden St., Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2010-10-15

345

Open Access Metadata, Catalogers, and Vendors: The Future of Cataloging Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The open access (OA) movement is working to transform scholarly communication around the world, but this philosophy can also apply to metadata and cataloging records. While some notable, large academic libraries, such as Harvard University, the University of Michigan, and the University of Cambridge, released their cataloging records under OA…

Flynn, Emily Alinder

2013-01-01

346

U.S.-MEXICO BORDER PROGRAM ARIZONA BORDER STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR CALIBRATION OF HARVARD PM SAMPLERS (UA-L-6.1)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this SOP is to describe the procedures for calibrating Harvard particulate matter (PM) samplers. This procedure applies directly to the Harvard particulate matter (PM) samplers used during the Arizona NHEXAS project and the Border study. Keywords: lab; equipment;...

347

Hunger in rural America: Myth or reality? A reexamination of the Harvard physician task force report on hunger in America using statistical data and field observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies, most notably those from the Harvard Physician Task Force on Hunger in America, have described areas of the United States as having serious hunger problems. These studies have relied solely on statistical approaches, devising a “hunger index” from poverty figures and food?stamp participation data. A thorough reexamination of the Harvard report reveals that this study is invalid because

Dan McMurry

1991-01-01

348

NHEXAS PHASE I ARIZONA STUDY--STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURE FOR CALIBRATION OF HARVARD PM SAMPLERS (UA-L-6.1)  

EPA Science Inventory

The purpose of this SOP is to describe the procedures for calibrating Harvard particulate matter (PM) samplers. This procedure applies directly to the Harvard particulate matter (PM) samplers used during the Arizona NHEXAS project and the "Border" study. Keywords: lab; equipmen...

349

China's road to modernization  

Microsoft Academic Search

One Step Ahead in China: Guangdong under Reform,by Ezra E. Vogel. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, and London, 1989. x+510 pp. Ł23.95. ISBN 0–674–63910–3.The Long March to the Fourth of June,by Li Xiao Jun, translated by E. J. Griffiths. Duckworth, London, 1989. xx+185 pp. Ł14.95. ISBN 0–7156–2332?X.China's Foreign Trade Reforms: Impact on Growth and Stability,by John C. Hsu. Cambridge University

John Phipps

1991-01-01

350

Books reviewed  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven American Utopias: The Architecture of Communitarian Socialism, 1790–1975. By Dolores Hayden. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1976. ix, 401 pp. $16.95.Urban Masses And Moral Order In America, 1820–1920. By Paul Boyer. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1978. xi, 387 pp. $18.50.Urban Slavery in the American South, 1820–1860: A Quantitative History. By Claudia Dale Goldin. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1976. xvi, 168

Stanley Buder; Roy Rosenzweig; James A. Henretta; Robert V. Bruce; Carol Hurd Green; Samuel Haber; John Schacht; Marcia Freedman; Jonathan Schneer; A. E. Musson; Arthur Marwick

1979-01-01

351

The Cambridge Mathematical Journal and its descendants: the linchpin of a research community in the early and mid-Victorian Age  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cambridge Mathematical Journal and its successors, the Cambridge and Dublin Mathematical Journal, and the Quarterly Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, were a vital link in the establishment of a research ethos in British mathematics in the period 1837–1870. From the beginning, the tension between academic objectives and economic viability shaped the often precarious existence of this line of

Tony Crilly

2004-01-01

352

NOT WHAT IT USED TO BE: THE CAMBRIDGE ECONOMIC HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES, VOLUMES II AND III The Cambridge Economic History of the United States. Volume II: The Long Nineteenth Century; Volume III: The Twentieth Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

The long awaited publication of volumes II and III of the Cambridge Economic History of the United States (hereafter CEHUS) is a landmark in the historiography of the U.S. economy (volume I, on the colonial economy, appeared in 1996). A decade in the making, and appearing after the untimely death of one of its editors, Robert Gallman, these volumes will

Alexander J. Field

2001-01-01

353

Digitization Procedures of Analogue Seismograms from the Adam Dziewonski Observatory (HRV) at Harvard, MA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This project explores methods of digitization of analogue seismic recordings for better preservation and to facilitate data distribution to the community. Different techniques are investigated using seismograms from one particular station, the Adam Dziewonski Observatory (HRV) at Harvard, Massachusetts. This seismological station, still in operation as a part of the Global Seismographic Network today, is one of the oldest stations in the United States. The station was built in 1933, and since its installation, the station has produced approximately 16,000 analogue seismograms. The majority of these recordings were taken between 1933 and 1953, with some intermittent recordings between 1962 and 1998 after digital seismometers had become a standard. These analogue seismograms have the potential of expanding the database for seismological research such as identification of events previously not catalogued. Due to poor storage environment at the station, some of the records, especially those on regular type of paper, are damaged beyond repair. Nevertheless, many of the records on photographic paper are in better condition, and we have focused on a subset of these recordings that are least damaged. Even these seismograms require cleaning and, in consultation with the Weissman Preservation Center of Harvard Library, preparation techniques for the photographic records are examined. After the seismograms are cleaned and flattened, three different equipments are investigated for digitization, i.e., a copy machine, scanner, and camera. These instruments allow different imaging resolutions, ranging from 200 dots per inch (dpi) to 800 dpi. The image resolution and the bit depth have a wide range of implications that are closely linked to the digitization program one chooses to convert the image to time series. We explore three different software for this conversion, SeisDig (Bromirski and Chuang, 2003), Teseo2 (Pintore and Quintiliani, 2008), and NeuraLog (www.neuralog.com), and determine advantages and disadvantages associated with each software. One of the important features of the software is the automatic tracing algorithms. The success of the automatic tracing depends upon many factors, and this is examined using examples from long and short period recordings with high amplitude (thin and fading lines), and long and short period recordings with low amplitude (well-defined lines). Automatically traced data are also compared to manually traced samples. Based upon these results, we propose a set of procedures and recommendations for cleaning, imaging scheme including resolution and bit depth, and digitization software. Ultimately, we would like to outline a robust procedure for mass seismogram digitization and process all the Harvard station recordings and make them available to the community through the IRIS Data Management Center.

Torpey, M.; Ishii, M.

2010-12-01

354

A comparison of the Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test Battery (CANTAB) with "traditional" neuropsychological testing instruments.  

PubMed

The Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) is frequently used in research protocols and increasingly in clinical practice. Despite the frequency of its use, important aspects of its measurement validity have yet to be established in healthy adults. Two hundred and fifty-five individuals completed the CANTAB and traditional neuropsychological tests commonly used in clinical practice, including selected subtests from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, Animal Naming, Trail Making Tests A and B, the Stroop test, and the Green Story Recall test. Results showed that CANTAB subtests were modestly correlated with traditional subtests. Correlations between CANTAB subtests and traditional subtests were less consistent when age and education were controlled for. In conclusion, the CANTAB shows modest associations with traditional neuropsychological test measures. PMID:23444947

Smith, Patrick J; Need, Anna C; Cirulli, Elizabeth T; Chiba-Falek, Ornit; Attix, Deborah K

2013-02-27

355

Asian Influenza in 1963 in Two General Practices in Cambridge, England  

PubMed Central

A clinical, epidemiological and virological investigation was conducted on patients in two general practices in Cambridge, England, during an influenza epidemic between February and April 1963. The epidemiological pattern differed from that of the 1957-58 Asian influenza epidemic in that the overall incidence was considerably lower (3.2%) and that the highest attack rates were not in school children but in pre-school children (71.5 per 1000 persons). Virological investigation confirmed the diagnosis of Influenza A2 infection in 56 of 63 patients (89%). Isolations were made in 29 of 51 specimens tested. Serological studies revealed that the complement fixation test was more reliable than hemagglutination - inhibition or neutralization tests. Clinical features resembled those reported in previous epidemics, cough, headache and limb pains being prominent features.

Banatvala, J. E.; Reiss, B. B.; Anderson, T. B.; Nitkin, Betty C.

1965-01-01

356

Rational, Human, Political, and Symbolic Text in Harvard Business School Cases: A Study of Structure and Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using a framework of organizational arenas (rational, human, political, symbolic), narrative analysis of the content of 36 Harvard Business School case studies revealed an overwhelming emphasis on the rational to the virtual exclusion of other domains. Four perceptual hazards (metathemes) that characterize rationality bias were elaborated:…

Swiercz, Paul Michael; Ross, Kathleen T.

2003-01-01

357

Rational, Human, Political, and Symbolic Text in Harvard Business School Cases: A Study of Structure and Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critics of the case method have argued that cases too frequently overempha-size the formal and rational aspects of organizational functioning. Responding to these concerns, Harvard Business School (HBS) announced a commitment to broaden case content. In this study, narrative analysis is used to investigate the content of the 36 most popular HBS cases of 1996. It reveals that these cases

Paul Michael Swiercz; Kathleen T. Ross

2003-01-01

358

Salvaging "Academic Disaster Areas": The Black College Response to Christopher Jencks and David Riesman's 1967 Harvard Educational Review Article  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1967, the "Harvard Educational Review" published an article entitled "The American Negro College" by Christopher Jencks and David Riesman. The article dealt a stinging blow to Black colleges--labeling them "academic disaster areas." Using a historical methodology, I show the strategic ways in which Black college leaders and the United Negro…

Gasman, Marybeth

2006-01-01

359

Excuse Me. Do You Speak Digital?: Harvard's John Palfrey Explores What It's Like to Be a Digital Native  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|John Palfrey is one busy guy, with an impressive gig. In 2008, he was named the Henry N. Ess III Professor of Law and Vice Dean for Library and Information Resources at Harvard Law School. And when he's not teaching courses on intellectual property and Internet law, there's a good chance he's overseeing the L school's research library. Palfrey,…

Harris, Christopher

2009-01-01

360

Antithrombin Cambridge II (A384S) supports a role for antithrombin deficiency in arterial thrombosis.  

PubMed

Although the control of thrombin in the microvasculature at the endothelial cell surface is crucial to prevent atherothrombosis, the role of antithrombin in arterial thrombosis is unclear. It is widely considered that antithrombin deficiency is unlikely to contribute to arterial thrombosis, but no convincing epidemiological study has been performed because of the low frequency of this deficiency. In this study we evaluated the role in myocardial infarction (MI) of a relatively common mutation affecting antithrombin gene (A384S: Antithrombin Cambridge II) that has functional features that may impair the right control of thrombogenic events caused by injury to the vascular wall. Moreover, this deficiency, which is not detected using common methods to diagnose antithrombin deficiency, also increases the risk of venous thrombosis. We included 1,224 patients with MI (691 consecutive patients and 533 survivors of a premature event), and 1,649 controls. The mutation was identified in 0.3% of controls, but 0.8% of MI patients. After adjusting for sex and other cardiovascular risk factors, the antithrombin Cambridge II significantly increased 5.66-fold the risk of MI (95% CI: 1.53-20.88; p = 0.009). Interestingly, young patients had the highest risk of MI associated with the mutation (OR: 9.98; 95%CI: 1.60-62.24; p = 0.009). This is the first epidemiological study that supports a role for antithrombin deficiency in arterial thrombosis. These results suggest that deficiency of antithrombin may be an independent risk factor for MI that has been underestimated, but larger studies are needed to confirm the relevance of inhibitors of thrombin in arterial thrombosis. PMID:19277409

Roldán, Vanessa; Ordońez, Adriana; Marín, Francisco; Zorio, Esther; Soria, José M; Mińano, Antonia; Espańa, Francisco; González-Conejero, Rocio; Pineda, Javier; Estellés, Amparo; Fontcuberta, Jordi; Vicente, Vicente; Corral, Javier

2009-03-01

361

Two new spider species of the genus Chrysso O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 (Araneae, Theridiidae) in Hainan Island, China.  

PubMed

Two new spider species of the genus Chrysso O. P.-Cambridge, 1882 are reported from Hainan Island, China, Chrysso bifurcasp. n. (male, female) and Chrysso bicuspidatasp.n. (male, female). Chrysso bimaculata Yoshida, 1998is recorded from China for the first time. PMID:22639529

Zhang, Bao-Shi; Zhang, Feng

2012-05-04

362

State Control, Religious Deference and Cultural Reproduction: Some Problems with Theorising Curriculum and Pedagogy in the Cambridge Primary Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a critique of the quality of theorising underlying proposals on curriculum and pedagogy in the Cambridge Primary Review. Despite its strengths, the review is seen as omitting consideration of three major areas in primary education: gifted pupils, teacher effectiveness research and the private sector. Questions are raised about…

Campbell, R. J.

2011-01-01

363

Towards the 1980s: Papers Presented at the BACIE Annual Conference at Trinity College, Cambridge, September 1968.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The annual conference of the British Association for Commercial and Industrial Education (BACIE), held at Trinity College, Cambridge, England, in September 1968, was devoted to educational objectives for England for the 1980's. The three speeches presented were, "The Objectives of Society" (Sir Herbert Butterfield), "Industry in the 1980's (G.A.H.…

British Association for Commercial and Industrial Education, London (England).

364

Search for evolutionary changes in Cepheid periods using the Harvard plate collection: NSV 9159  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have obtained 530 photographic magnitude estimates for the long-period classical Cepheid NSV 9159 ( P = 39d) in the plate collections of the Harvard Observatory and the Sternberg Astronomical Institute. Together with the currently available CCD observations from the ASAS-3 catalog, our data have allowed us to construct an O-C diagram spanning a time interval of 119 years. The O-C diagram has the shape of a parabola, which has made it possible to determine for the first time the quadratic light elements and to calculate the rate of evolutionary decrease in the period, 314.4 (±7.3) s yr-1, in agreement with the results of theoretical calculations for the second crossing of the instability strip. The available data reduced by the Eddington-Plakidis method do not reveal any noticeable random fluctuations in the period.

Berdnikov, L. N.; Pastukhova, E. N.; Turner, D. G.; Majaess, D. J.

2009-03-01

365

Emissions of Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds and Observations of VOC Oxidation at Harvard Forest  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The contribution of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) to oxidant concentrations and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) production in forested environments depends on the emission rates of these compounds. Recent findings have suggested that the emission rates of BVOCs and the range of species emitted could be larger than previously thought. In this study, Proton Transfer Reaction Mass Spectrometry (PTR-MS) was used to obtain fast (<1 Hz) measurements of the predominant BVOC species, including isoprene, monoterpenes, and oxygenated BVOCs, above the canopy at Harvard Forest (Petersham, MA) during the summers of 2005, 2007, and 2008. Together with vertical wind data, these measurements are used to determine fluxes of BVOCs out of the forest using the virtual disjunct eddy covariance method. Concentrations of additional VOCs, including methyl vinyl ketone + methacrolein and terpene oxidation products were also measured. Isoprene is the dominant emitted species, with peak emission rates and midday mixing ratios of ca. 4 mg isoprene m-2 h-1 and ca. 5 ppbv, respectively. Isoprene emission rates are expected to vary with temperature and radiation (PAR) levels, and are compared to standard emission algorithms based on these parameters. Interannual variability in isoprene emission rates is also observed, and contributing factors are explored. In contrast to isoprene, maximum monoterpene concentrations typically were less than 1 ppbv and occurred in the early evening, with a local minimum at midday. Monoterpene fluxes are about an order of magnitude smaller than those of isoprene. The amplitude of the flux diurnal cycle suggests monoterpene emissions at Harvard Forest may exhibit light dependence as well as temperature dependence. Fluxes of oxygenated VOCs, including methanol, acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, and oxygenated terpenes that have rarely been observed previously, are also reported, and the dependence of their emission rates on factors such as time of year, temperature, radiation levels, and meteorological conditions are investigated.

McKinney, K. A.; Pho, T.; Vasta, A.; Lee, B. H.

2009-12-01

366

The Soul of the American University. From Protestant Establishment to Established Nonbelief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book examines the role of Protestantism in America's colleges and universities, tracing the history of the influence of religion on these institutions from preeminence to obscurity, from the founding of Harvard in the 1630s through the collapse of the traditional establishment in the 1960s. Ranging from stories of many of our pace-setting…

Marsden, George M.

367

The Making of the Modern University: Intellectual Transformation and the Marginalization of Morality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book, which is based on research at eight universities--Harvard (Massachusetts), Yale (Connecticut), Columbia (New York), Johns Hopkins (Maryland), Chicago (Illinois), Stanford (California), Michigan, and California at Berkeley explores the transition from the classical college, with its broad nineteenth-century conceptions of morality and…

Reuben, Julie A.

368

The Soul of the American University. From Protestant Establishment to Established Nonbelief.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines the role of Protestantism in America's colleges and universities, tracing the history of the influence of religion on these institutions from preeminence to obscurity, from the founding of Harvard in the 1630s through the collapse of the traditional establishment in the 1960s. Ranging from stories of many of our pace-setting…

Marsden, George M.

369

Deepest X-Rays Ever Reveal universe Teeming With Black Holes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the first time, astronomers believe they have proof black holes of all sizes once ruled the universe. NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory provided the deepest X-ray images ever recorded, and those pictures deliver a novel look at the past 12 billion years of black holes. Two independent teams of astronomers today presented images that contain the faintest X-ray sources ever detected, which include an abundance of active super massive black holes. "The Chandra data show us that giant black holes were much more active in the past than at present," said Riccardo Giacconi, of Johns Hopkins University and Associated Universities, Inc., Washington, DC. The exposure is known as "Chandra Deep Field South" since it is located in the Southern Hemisphere constellation of Fornax. "In this million-second image, we also detect relatively faint X-ray emission from galaxies, groups, and clusters of galaxies". The images, known as Chandra Deep Fields, were obtained during many long exposures over the course of more than a year. Data from the Chandra Deep Field South will be placed in a public archive for scientists beginning today. "For the first time, we are able to use X-rays to look back to a time when normal galaxies were several billion years younger," said Ann Hornschemeier, Pennsylvania State University, University Park. The group’s 500,000-second exposure included the Hubble Deep Field North, allowing scientists the opportunity to combine the power of Chandra and the Hubble Space Telescope, two of NASA's Great Observatories. The Penn State team recently acquired an additional 500,000 seconds of data, creating another one-million-second Chandra Deep Field, located in the constellation of Ursa Major. Chandra Deep Field North/Hubble Deep Field North Press Image and Caption The images are called Chandra Deep Fields because they are comparable to the famous Hubble Deep Field in being able to see further and fainter objects than any image of the universe taken at X-ray wavelengths. Both Chandra Deep Fields are comparable in observation time to the Hubble Deep Fields, but cover a much larger area of the sky. "In essence, it is like seeing galaxies similar to our own Milky Way at much earlier times in their lives," Hornschemeier added. "These data will help scientists better understand star formation and how stellar-sized black holes evolve." Combining infrared and X-ray observations, the Penn State team also found veils of dust and gas are common around young black holes. Another discovery to emerge from the Chandra Deep Field South is the detection of an extremely distant X-ray quasar, shrouded in gas and dust. "The discovery of this object, some 12 billion light years away, is key to understanding how dense clouds of gas form galaxies, with massive black holes at their centers," said Colin Norman of Johns Hopkins University. The Chandra Deep Field South results were complemented by the extensive use of deep optical observations supplied by the Very Large Telescope of the European Southern Observatory in Garching, Germany. The Penn State team obtained optical spectroscopy and imaging using the Hobby-Eberly Telescope in Ft. Davis, TX, and the Keck Observatory atop Mauna Kea, HI. Chandra's Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer was developed for NASA by Penn State and Massachusetts Institute of Technology under the leadership of Penn State Professor Gordon Garmire. NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, manages the Chandra program for the Office of Space Science, Washington, DC. TRW, Inc., Redondo Beach, California, is the prime contractor for the spacecraft. The Smithsonian's Chandra X-ray Center controls science and flight operations from Cambridge, MA. More information is available on the Internet at: http://chandra.harvard.edu AND http://chandra.nasa.gov

2001-03-01

370

Review essay \\/ What kind of order?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bernard E. Harcourt, Illusion of Order: The False Promise of Broken Windows Policing Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001, x + 294 pp.David Garland, The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001, xiii + 307 pp.Andrea McArdle and Tanya Erzen (eds.), Zero Tolerance: Quality of Life and the New Police Brutality

Robert Jackall

2003-01-01

371

Seismic Imaging and Inversion: Application of Linear Theory (2012), Cambridge University Press, co-authored with Bob Stolt  

SciTech Connect

Extracting information from seismic data requires knowledge of seismic wave propagation and reflection. The commonly used method involves solving linearly for a reflectivity at every point within the Earth, but this book follows an alternative approach which invokes inverse scattering theory. By developing the theory of seismic imaging from basic principles, the authors relate the different models of seismic propagation, reflection and imaging - thus providing links to reflectivity-based imaging on the one hand and to nonlinear seismic inversion on the other. The comprehensive and physically complete linear imaging foundation developed presents new results at the leading edge of seismic processing for target location and identification. This book serves as a fundamental guide to seismic imaging principles and algorithms and their foundation in inverse scattering theory and is a valuable resource for working geoscientists, scientific programmers and theoretical physicists.

Weglein, Arthur B.; Stolt, Bob H.

2012-03-01

372

Adjunct mentoring, a vital responsibility in a changing educational climate: the Lesley University Adjunct Mentoring Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lesley University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, has established an adjunct mentoring process in response to its growing number of adjunct faculty. Lesley’s adjunct corps serves in Lesley programs offered both on and off campus. The primary goals of the mentoring program are to support excellence in teaching, and to engage in mentoring that begins at hiring and provides continued professional

Carol A. Ziegler; Marianne Reiff

2006-01-01

373

An Operational Circulation Modeling System for the Gulf of Maine\\/Georges Bank Region—Part I: Basic Elements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The basic elements of a prototype operational data assimilation modeling system that can provide near-real-time information on the ocean water property and circulation environment in the Gulf of Maine (GOM)\\/Georges Bank (GB) region are described in this paper. This application of the Harvard Ocean Prediction System (HOPS, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA) model includes development of protocols for the following: 1)

Wendell S. Brown; Avijit Gangopadhyay; Frank L. Bub; Zhitao Yu; Glenn Strout; Allan R. Robinson

2007-01-01

374

Educational Technology: New Myths and Old Realities. Harvard University Program on Technology and Society. Reprint Number 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It has been claimed that in the near future computers and their accompanying new technology will solve the outstanding problems of education. The authors believe that the problems of implementation, costs, and reliability may slow if not prevent the rapid assimilation of the new educational technology into the average school system. They also…

Oettinger, Anthony G.; Marks, Sema

1968-01-01

375

Factor structure of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale in trauma-exposed college students.  

PubMed

This study examined the factor structure of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale (CDS; M. Sierra & G. E. Berrios, 2000 ), a 29-item self-report measure of depersonalization. The CDS was based on a conceptualization of depersonalization as a multidimensional construct, a theoretical perspective that has received limited empirical attention. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted on CDS item scores in a sample of 534 trauma-exposed college students. Results failed to support factor structures of the CDS previously reported in the literature and instead supported a 2-factor solution, with 1 factor representing a sense of unreality and detachment and a 2nd factor representing emotional and physical numbing. Implications regarding the structural validity of the CDS are discussed. [Supplementary material is available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Journal of Trauma & Dissociation for the following resource: Four tables with the following information: inter-correlations among CDS items from Samples 1 and 2; Sierra et al. (2005 ) four-factor model and Simeon et al. (2008 ) five-factor model estimated factor loadings, covariances, and R-square in Sample 1; Factor loadings for 3-7 factor EFA models in Sample 1; and estimated factor loadings for one-factor CFA model in Sample 2.]. PMID:23627478

Blevins, Christy A; Witte, Tracy K; Weathers, Frank W

2013-01-01

376

Preliminary control technology assessment of the Cambridge Tile Manufacturing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio  

SciTech Connect

A visit was made to the Cambridge Tile Manufacturing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio to evaluate methods used to control hazardous conditions arising during the manufacturing process. Particular attention was given to controlling exposures to harmful chemical agents, silica, noise and excessive heat. The company manufactured 20,000 square feet of tile per day including nonrefractory tiles. A fabric stocking-type sleeve between railroad car and underground hopper was used to control emissions during bulk material unloading. Two bag type dust collectors equipped with self-cleaning mechanisms were in use. Closed tube conveyors were well maintained. Dubois automatic mechanical power presses were equipped with shuttle transfers and each had a local exhaust system with blast gates. A 3M-W2940 air hat was worn by the employee formulating glazes. Respirator wearers were subjected to pulmonary function testing. Blood lead levels were checked every 3 months for employees who formulate glazes. All employees received a chest x-ray every 2 years. Other personal protective equipment was available. The author concludes that the safety precautions in place at this facility were good. There were several portions of the system which would be applicable for an in-depth evaluation unless better examples can be found in other on-site visits.

Mahon, R.D.

1982-01-29

377

Photomask fabrication utilizing a Philips/Cambridge vector scan e-beam system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this Era of shrinking design constraints, two (2) of the many concerns facing E-Beam mask makers are: (1) data snapping on design grids smaller than E-Beams can fabricate and (2) dense designs with submicron features forcing smaller beam steps which radically effect write time and throughput. The Philips/Cambridge Vector Scan E-Beam provides novel approaches to meet Western Digitals 0.05 (mu) gird resolution, yet still maintain reasonable throughput. Using CATS Transcription, designs are fractured into two (2) or three (3) distinct patterns called a Bulk/Sleeve or Bulk/Double sleeve technique. The Bulk pattern comprised the majority of the pattern and is written at a large beam size. The Sleeve is a border pattern around all geometries written at a much smaller beam size. This combination allows throughput because of the large beam sized Bulk pattern yet gives high resolution, and edge acuity with the small beam sized sleeve pattern. By combining a Bulk and Sleeve pattern exposure matrix with a smaller bias reduction a sleeve of 1.2 (mu) is currently utilized in production. Additionally sleeve size reduction reduces the complexity of the C Format trapezia and virtually eliminates data snapping. An interesting by-product of this Bulk/Sleeve technique allows multiple exposures for the different patterns to help alleviate proximity exposure effects in extremely dense designs.

McCutchen, William C.

1991-03-01

378

Plasma-Surface Interaction Research At The Cambridge Laboratory Of Accelerator Studies Of Surfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The material requirements for plasma-facing components in a nuclear fusion reactor are some of the strictest and most challenging facing us today. These materials are simultaneously exposed to extreme heat loads (20 MW/m2 steady-state, 1 GW/m2 in millisecond transients) and particle fluxes (>1024 m-2 s-1) while also undergoing high neutron irradiation (1018 neutrons/m2 s). At the Cambridge Laboratory of Accelerator Studies of Surfaces (CLASS), many of the most important issues in plasma-surface interaction research, such as plasma-driven material erosion and deposition, material transport and irradiation and hydrogenic retention are investigated with the use of a 1.7 MV tandem ion accelerator. Ion-Beam Analysis (IBA) is used to investigate and quantify changes in materials due to plasma exposure and ion irradiation is used as a proxy for neutron irradiation to investigate plasma-surface interactions for irradiated materials. This report will outline the capabilities and current research activities at CLASS.

Wright, G. M.; Barnard, H. S.; Hartwig, Z. S.; Stahle, P. W.; Sullivan, R. M.; Woller, K. B.; Whyte, D. G.

2011-06-01

379

Chronic nitrogen additions reduce total soil respiration and microbial respiration in temperate forest soils at the Harvard Forest  

Microsoft Academic Search

At the Harvard Forest Long-term Ecological Research Site Chronic Nitrogen Amendment Study, a red pine and a mixed deciduous stand showed immediate changes in soil respiration following nitrogen additions (low N: 5gNm?2 per year; high N: 15gNm?2 per year) during the initial year (1988) of the study. In the hardwood stand, soil respiration rates increased after N additions in the

Richard D Bowden; Eric Davidson; Kathleen Savage; Chris Arabia; Paul Steudler

2004-01-01

380

The Taming of God: Revealed Religion and Natural Religion in the Eighteenth-Century Harvard Dudleian Lectures  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the mid1700s, America's religious leaders feared deism, but by the early 1800s, it had faded from view. The death of its leaders and the rise of pietistic Christianity have been charged with its downfall. At one of its purported hotbedsHarvard Collegeanother possibility emerges: deism disappeared because, at least in some crucial arenas, it had triumphed, and thus deists were

Michael Jeehoon Lee

2010-01-01

381

New concepts for corporate e-larning: The use of virtual classes at Harvard Business School as best practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  The Management in Perspective course at the Harvard Business School provides an example of a viable approach to online education.\\u000a Instead of focusing on putting content online in a sophisticated manner, the course focuses on interaction between instructor\\u000a and student. To facilitate interaction, online delivery of lecture content is made simple and direct via summary information\\u000a provided via Power-point presentations.

Daniel Quinn Mills; Dirk Seifert

2002-01-01

382

Reduction in Fine Particulate Air Pollution and Mortality Extended Follow-up of the Harvard Six Cities Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rationale: A large body of epidemiologic literature has found an association of increased fine particulate air pollution (PM2.5) with acute and chronic mortality. The effect of improvements in particle exposure is less clear. Objectives: Earlier analysis of the Harvard Six Cities adult cohort study showed an association between long-term ambient PM2.5 and mortality between enrollment in the mid-1970s and follow-up

Francine Laden; Joel Schwartz; Frank E. Speizer; Douglas W. Dockery

383

The McLean–Harvard first-episode project: 6-month symptomatic and functional outcome in affective and nonaffective psychosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The McLean–Harvard First-Episode Project recruited affective and nonaffective patients at their first lifetime psychiatric hospitalization.Methods: Baseline evaluation and 6-month follow-up in 257 cases yielded recovery outcomes defined by syndromal (absence of DSM-IV criteria for a current episode) and functional (vocational and residential status at least at baseline levels) status. Time to recovery was assessed by survival analysis, and risk

Mauricio Tohen; Stephen M Strakowski; Carlos Zarate; John Hennen; Andrew L Stoll; Trisha Suppes; Gianni L Faedda; Bruce M Cohen; Priscilla Gebre-Medhin; Ross J Baldessarini

2000-01-01

384

Treatment planning and dosimetry for the Harvard-MIT Phase I clinical trial of cranial neutron capture therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: A Phase I trial of cranial neutron capture therapy (NCT) was conducted at Harvard-MIT. The trial was designed to determine maximum tolerated NCT radiation dose to normal brain.Methods and Materials: Twenty-two patients with brain tumors were treated by infusion of boronophenylalanine-fructose (BPA-f) followed by exposure to epithermal neutrons. The study began with a prescribed biologically weighted dose of 8.8

Matthew R. Palmer; J. Timothy Goorley; W. S. Kiger; Paul M. Busse; Kent J. Riley; Otto K. Harling; Robert G. Zamenhof

2002-01-01

385

“Negative phase” of the heart rate and stroke volume in young athletes after the Harvard step test  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in the heart rate (HR) and stroke volume (SV) after the Harvard step test have been studied in young athletes at different\\u000a stages of multiyear training. At the initial stage of training, the HR of young swimmers and skiers transiently decreased\\u000a after the test below the starting values; i.e., during the recovery period, a “negative phase” of the HR

I. Kh. Vakhitov; R. A. Abzalov; R. R. Abzalov; O. P. Mart’yanov

2006-01-01

386

Chronic nitrogen additions reduce total soil respiration and microbial respiration in temperate forest soils at the Harvard Forest  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract At the Harvard Forest Long-term Ecological Research Site Chronic Nitrogen Amendment Study, a red pine and a mixed deciduous stand showed,immediate,changes in soil respiration following nitrogen additions (low N: 5 g N m, 2 per year), with further reductions in the second year. Weekly measures of soil respiration during summer 2001 showed that after 13 years of continuous nitrogen

Richard D. Bowden; Eric Davidson; Kathleen Savage; Chris Arabia; Paul Steudler

2004-01-01

387

Validation of the Harvard Lyman-alpha in situ water vapor instrument: Implications for the mechanisms that control stratospheric water vapor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on previously published details of the laboratory calibrations of the Harvard Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometer (HWV) on the NASA ER-2 and WB-57 aircraft, we describe here the validation process for HWV, which includes laboratory calibrations and intercomparisons with other Harvard water vapor instruments at water vapor mixing ratios from 0 to 10 ppmv, followed by in-flight intercomparisons with the

E. M. Weinstock; J. B. Smith; D. S. Sayres; J. V. Pittman; J. R. Spackman; E. J. Hintsa; T. F. Hanisco; E. J. Moyer; J. M. St. Clair; M. R. Sargent; J. G. Anderson

2009-01-01

388

Feeling of Parental Caring Predict Health Status in Midlife: A 35Year Follow-up of the Harvard Mastery of Stress Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early 1950s, multiple-choice scores reflecting feelings of warmth and closeness with parents were obtained from a sample of healthy, undergraduate Harvard men who participated in the Harvard Mastery of Stress Study. Thirty-five years later, detailed medical and psychological histories and medical records were obtained. Ninety-one percent of participants who did not perceive themselves to have had a warm

Linda G. Russek; Gary E. Schwartz

1997-01-01

389

[Variations in the epidemiolgy of adverse events: methodology of the Harvard Medical Practice Design].  

PubMed

The Harvard Medical Practice (HMP) Design is based on a multi-staged retrospective review of inpatient records and is used to assess the frequency of (preventable) adverse events ([P]AE) in large study populations. Up to now HMP studies have been conducted in 9 countries. Results differ largely from 2.9% to 3.7% of patients with AE in the USA up to 16.6% in Australia. In our analysis we systematically compare the methodology of 9 HMP studies published in the English language and discuss possible impacts on reported frequencies. Modifications in HMP studies can be individualised from each stage of planning, conducting, and reporting results. In doing so 2 studies from the USA with lowest rates of AE can be characterised by their context of liability and the absence of screening for nosocomial infections. Studies with a high proportion of AE are marked by an intense training of reviewers. Further conclusions are hindered by divergences in defining periods of observation, by presenting frequencies as cumulative prevalences, and differences in the reporting of study results. As a consequence future HMP studies should go for complete, consistent and transparent coverage. Further research should concentrate on advancing methods for collecting data on (P)AE. PMID:21761388

Lessing, C; Schmitz, A; Schrappe, M

2011-07-14

390

The psychopharmacology algorithm project at the harvard South shore program: an update on schizophrenia.  

PubMed

This article is an update of the algorithm for schizophrenia from the Psychopharmacology Algorithm Project at the Harvard South Shore Program. A literature review was conducted focusing on new data since the last published version (1999-2001). The first-line treatment recommendation for new-onset schizophrenia is with amisulpride, aripiprazole, risperidone, or ziprasidone for four to six weeks. In some settings the trial could be shorter, considering that evidence of clear improvement with antipsychotics usually occurs within the first two weeks. If the trial of the first antipsychotic cannot be completed due to intolerance, try another until one of the four is tolerated and given an adequate trial. There should be evidence of bioavailability. If the response to this adequate trial is unsatisfactory, try a second monotherapy. If the response to this second adequate trial is also unsatisfactory, and if at least one of the first two trials was with risperidone, olanzapine, or a first-generation (typical) antipsychotic, then clozapine is recommended for the third trial. If neither trial was with any these three options, a third trial prior to clozapine should occur, using one of those three. If the response to monotherapy with clozapine (with dose adjusted by using plasma levels) is unsatisfactory, consider adding risperidone, lamotrigine, or ECT. Beyond that point, there is little solid evidence to support further psychopharmacological treatment choices, though we do review possible options. PMID:23656760

Osser, David N; Roudsari, Mohsen Jalali; Manschreck, Theo

391

Boston Harbor Islands National Park Area: 2002 Islands Biodiversity. Proceedings of a Seminar Held in Cambridge, Massachusetts on May 30, 2002.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Biodiversity Seminar took place on May 30, 2002, in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The seminar provided a rorum for scientists and land managers to present and exchange information about the Boston Harbor Islands' diverse natural resources. The Partnership...

B. Jacobsen J. Pederson

2003-01-01

392

A Robust Method of Measuring Other-Race and Other-Ethnicity Effects: The Cambridge Face Memory Test Format  

PubMed Central

Other-race and other-ethnicity effects on face memory have remained a topic of consistent research interest over several decades, across fields including face perception, social psychology, and forensic psychology (eyewitness testimony). Here we demonstrate that the Cambridge Face Memory Test format provides a robust method for measuring these effects. Testing the Cambridge Face Memory Test original version (CFMT-original; European-ancestry faces from Boston USA) and a new Cambridge Face Memory Test Chinese (CFMT-Chinese), with European and Asian observers, we report a race-of-face by race-of-observer interaction that was highly significant despite modest sample size and despite observers who had quite high exposure to the other race. We attribute this to high statistical power arising from the very high internal reliability of the tasks. This power also allows us to demonstrate a much smaller within-race other ethnicity effect, based on differences in European physiognomy between Boston faces/observers and Australian faces/observers (using the CFMT-Australian).

McKone, Elinor; Stokes, Sacha; Liu, Jia; Cohan, Sarah; Fiorentini, Chiara; Pidcock, Madeleine; Yovel, Galit; Broughton, Mary; Pelleg, Michel

2012-01-01

393

A robust method of measuring other-race and other-ethnicity effects: the Cambridge Face Memory Test format.  

PubMed

Other-race and other-ethnicity effects on face memory have remained a topic of consistent research interest over several decades, across fields including face perception, social psychology, and forensic psychology (eyewitness testimony). Here we demonstrate that the Cambridge Face Memory Test format provides a robust method for measuring these effects. Testing the Cambridge Face Memory Test original version (CFMT-original; European-ancestry faces from Boston USA) and a new Cambridge Face Memory Test Chinese (CFMT-Chinese), with European and Asian observers, we report a race-of-face by race-of-observer interaction that was highly significant despite modest sample size and despite observers who had quite high exposure to the other race. We attribute this to high statistical power arising from the very high internal reliability of the tasks. This power also allows us to demonstrate a much smaller within-race other ethnicity effect, based on differences in European physiognomy between Boston faces/observers and Australian faces/observers (using the CFMT-Australian). PMID:23118912

McKone, Elinor; Stokes, Sacha; Liu, Jia; Cohan, Sarah; Fiorentini, Chiara; Pidcock, Madeleine; Yovel, Galit; Broughton, Mary; Pelleg, Michel

2012-10-30

394

Sustaining Faith-Informed Mission at Religiously-Affiliated Colleges and Universities: A Qualitative Case Study of Three Institutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Religiously-affiliated colleges and universities have been a vibrant part of American Higher Education since the founding of Harvard in 1636. Despite their unique contribution to higher education, an extensive body of literature documents that strong trends of secularization have taken place within these institutions over the second half of the…

Witek, Paul J.

2009-01-01

395

The German adaptation of the Cambridge pulmonary hypertension outcome review (CAMPHOR)  

PubMed Central

Background Individuals with precapillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) experience severely impaired quality of life. A disease-specific outcome measure for PH, the Cambridge Pulmonary Hypertension Outcome Review (CAMPHOR) was developed and validated in the UK and subsequently adapted for use in additional countries. The aim of this study was to translate and assess the reliability and validity of the CAMPHOR for German-speaking populations. Methods Three main adaptation stages involved; translation (employing bilingual and lay panels), cognitive debriefing interviews with patients and validation (assessment of the adaptation’s psychometric properties). The psychometric evaluation included 107 patients with precapillary PH (60 females; age mean (standard deviation) 60 (15) years) from 3 centres in Austria, Germany and Switzerland. Results No major problems were found with the translation process with most items easily rendered into acceptable German. Participants in the cognitive debriefing interviews found the questionnaires relevant, comprehensive and easy to complete. Psychometric analyses showed that the adaptation was successful. The three CAMPHOR scales (symptoms, activity limitations and quality of life) had excellent test-retest reliability correlations (Symptoms?=?0.91; Activity limitations?=?0.91; QoL?=?0.90) and internal consistency (Symptoms?=?0.94; Activity limitations?=?0.93; QoL?=?0.94). Predicted correlations with the Nottingham Health Profile provided evidence of the construct validity of the CAMPHOR scales. The CAMPHOR adaptation also showed known group validity in its ability to distinguish between participants based on perceived general health, perceived disease severity, oxygen use and NYHA classification. Conclusions The CAMPHOR has been shown to be valid and reliable in the German population and is recommend for use in clinical practice.

2012-01-01

396

The Relationships Between Sensation Seeking and Gender Role Orientations Among Turkish University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships between sensation seeking and gender role orientation were examined among 325 Turkish university students.\\u000a The Sensation Seeking Scale Form V (SSS-V; Zuckerman, Behavioral expressions and biosocial bases of sensation seeking. Cambridge University Press, New York, 1994) and the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI; Bem, Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, 42:155–162, 1974) were used for data collection. The

Demet Erol Öngen

2007-01-01

397

Light History of the Suspected RCB Star ES Aql Restored with the Harvard Photographic Plates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ES Aql, initially classified as a semi-regular variable, is now suspected to belong to RCB stars - a small (only about 30 cases known) group of carbon-rich supergiants that undergo dramatic declines in brightness at irregular intervals. In order to restore the long time-scale light curve of the star and clear up the suspicions of its alleged RCB nature, an in-depth study of the Harvard photographic plates containing this star was undertaken. We carried out eye photometry of several hundred plates, which resulted in 396 reliable estimates of the relative magnitude of ES Aql covering almost a 100-year period - from 1893 to 1989. We detected as many as 89 events of considerable fading of the star, including total disappearing from the plate, which means that the star had a photographic magnitude of about 15 or fainter in the brightness minimum. In the relatively long periods of time off minima, the star resides with a magnitude of around 13.2. From our data, the duration of the time that the star was in recession varies from two to five months, but we cannot exclude shorter fadings. A preliminary analysis shows no periodicity in the fading events. Based on this extensive photometric study, we conclude that ES Aql is indeed an RCB star. We thank Dr. G. Clayton, Ms. Alison Doane, Dr. N. Samus, and Dr. V. Strelnitski for help in our work on the project. This project was supported by the NSF/REU grant AST-9820555 and the Nantucket Maria Mitchell Association.

Hammond, D.; Lawless, J.

2001-12-01

398

Teaching population health as a basic science at Harvard Medical School.  

PubMed

In 2006-2007, Harvard Medical School implemented a new, required course for first-year medical and dental students entitled Clinical Epidemiology and Population Health. Conceived of as a "basic science" course, its primary goal is to allow students to develop an understanding of caring for individuals and promoting the health of populations as a continuum of strategies, all requiring the engagement of physicians. In the course's first iteration, topical content accessible to first-year students was selected to exemplify physicians' roles in addressing current threats to population health. Methodological areas included domains of clinical epidemiology, decision sciences, population-level prevention and health promotion, physicians' roles in the public health system, and population-level surveillance and intervention strategies. Large-group settings were selectively used to frame the relevance of each topic, and conceptual learning of statistical and epidemiologic methods occurred in conference groups of 24 students. Finally, tutorials of eight students and one or two faculty were used for critical reading of published studies, review of problem sets, and group discussion of population health issues. To help students appreciate the structure and function of the public health system and physicians' role in public health emergencies, the course included a role-playing exercise simulating response to an influenza pandemic. The first iteration of the course was well received, and assessment of students suggested mastery of basic skills. Preclinical courses represent a progressive step in developing a workforce of physicians who embrace their responsibility to improve the health of the population as a whole, as well as the health of the patient in front of them. PMID:18367890

Finkelstein, Jonathan A; McMahon, Graham T; Peters, Antoinette; Cadigan, Rebecca; Biddinger, Paul; Simon, Steven R

2008-04-01

399

Testing the Bouchet-Morton Complementary Hypothesis at Harvard Forest using Sap Flux Data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Bouchet-Morton Complementary Relationship (CR) states that at a given surface moisture availability (MA), changes in actual evapotranspiration (ETa) are reflected in changes in potential evapotranspiration (ETp) such that ETa + ETp = 2ET0, where ET0 is an assumed equilibrium evaporation condition at which ETa = ETp = ET0 at maximum MA. Whereas ETp conceptually includes a potential transpiration component, existing CR model estimates of ET_ {p are based upon the Penman combination equation for open water evaporation (ETp,Pen). Recent CR investigations for a temperate grassland at FIFE suggest, however, that the convergence between ETa and ETp,Pen will only occur if a maximum canopy conductance is included in the estimation of ETp. The purpose of this study was to conduct a field investigation at Harvard Forest to test the hypothesis that a CR-type relationship should occur between red maple ( Acer rubrum L.) actual transpiration and red maple potential transpiration, i.e., transpiration given unlimited root- zone MA via localized irrigation. Just as pan evaporation (ETp,Pen) is a physical gauge of ETp, we therefore question whether a well- irrigated maple is a potential transpirator. Daily averages of whole-tree transpiration for our co- occurring irrigated red maple network and reference network were calculated using high-frequency constant-heat sap flux sensor (i.e., Granier-type) measurements. Soil moisture, temperature and matric potential parameters were measured using Campbell Scientific sensors. Preliminary results suggest that the relationship between potential and actual transpiration differs significantly from ETa and ETp,Pen in the context of CR, adding useful insight into both ETp estimation and the understanding of physiological response to MA variability.

Pettijohn, J. C.; Salvucci, G. D.; Phillips, N. G.; Daley, M. J.

2005-12-01

400

Developments in turbulence research: a review based on the 1999 Programme of the Isaac Newton Institute, Cambridge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent research is making progress in framing more precisely the basic dynamical and statistical questions about turbulence and in answering them. It is helping both to define the likely limits to current methods for modelling industrial and environmental turbulent flows, and to suggest new approaches to overcome these limitations. Our selective review is based on the themes and new results that emerged from more than 300 presentations during the Programme held in 1999 at the Isaac Newton Institute, Cambridge, UK, and on research reported elsewhere. A general conclusion is that, although turbulence is not a universal state of nature, there are certain statistical measures and kinematic features of the small-scale flow field that occur in most turbulent flows, while the large-scale eddy motions have qualitative similarities within particular types of turbulence defined by the mean flow, initial or boundary conditions, and in some cases, the range of Reynolds numbers involved. The forced transition to turbulence of laminar flows caused by strong external disturbances was shown to be highly dependent on their amplitude, location, and the type of flow. Global and elliptical instabilities explain much of the three-dimensional and sudden nature of the transition phenomena. A review of experimental results shows how the structure of turbulence, especially in shear flows, continues to change as the Reynolds number of the turbulence increases well above about 104 in ways that current numerical simulations cannot reproduce. Studies of the dynamics of small eddy structures and their mutual interactions indicate that there is a set of characteristic mechanisms in which vortices develop (vortex stretching, roll-up of instability sheets, formation of vortex tubes) and another set in which they break up (through instabilities and self- destructive interactions). Numerical simulations and theoretical arguments suggest that these often occur sequentially in randomly occurring cycles. The factors that determine the overall spectrum of turbulence were reviewed. For a narrow distribution of eddy scales, the form of the spectrum can be defined by characteristic forms of individual eddies. However, if the distribution covers a wide range of scales (as in elongated eddies in the ‘wall’ layer of turbulent boundary layers), they collectively determine the spectra (as assumed in classical theory). Mathematical analyses of the Navier Stokes and Euler equations applied to eddy structures lead to certain limits being defined regarding the tendencies of the vorticity field to become infinitely large locally. Approximate solutions for eigen modes and Fourier components reveal striking features of the temporal, near-wall structure such as bursting, and of the very elongated, spatial spectra of sheared inhomogeneous turbulence; but other kinds of eddy concepts are needed in less structured parts of the turbulence. Renormalized perturbation methods can now calculate consistently, and in good agreement with experiment, the evolution of second- and third-order spectra of homogeneous and isotropic turbulence. The fact that these calculations do not explicitly include high-order moments and extreme events, suggests that they may play a minor role in the basic dynamics. New methods of approximate numerical simulations of the larger scales of turbulence or ‘very large eddy simulation’ (VLES) based on using statistical models for the smaller scales (as is common in meteorological modelling) enable some turbulent flows with a non-local and non-equilibrium structure, such as impinging or convective flows, to be calculated more efficiently than by using large eddy simulation (LES), and more accurately than by using ‘engineering’ models for statistics at a single point. Generally it is shown that where the turbulence in a fluid volume is changing rapidly and is very inhomogeneous there are flows where even the most complex ‘engineering’ Reynolds stress transport models are only satisfactory with some special adaptation; this may entail the use of tr

Hunt, J. C. R.; Sandham, N. D.; Vassilicos, J. C.; Launder, B. E.; Monkewitz, P. A.; Hewitt, G. F.

2001-06-01

401

The use of constructive-developmental theory to advance the understanding of leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Constructive-developmental theory is a stage theory of adult development that focuses on the growth and elaboration of a person's ways of understanding the self and the world. In this article we review how the constructive-developmental frameworks of Kegan [Kegan, R. (1982). The evolving self: Problem and process in human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press], Torbert [Torbert, W. R. (1987).

Cynthia D. McCauley; Wilfred H. Drath; Charles J. Palus; Patricia M. G. O'Connor; Becca A. Baker

2006-01-01

402

Results from the Physics of Colloids Experiment on ISS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The PCS flight apparatus was accommodated in the ISS EXPRESS Rack 2 and was remotely operated from the NASA Glenn Research Center's (GRC) Telescience Support Center in Cleveland, Ohio and at a remote site at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts. This sophisticated light scattering instrument is capable of imaging, and dynamic and static (D&S) light scattering from 11 to 169

D. A. Weitz; M. Doherty; A. Jankovsky; S. Sankaran; T. Lorik; W. Shiley; J. Bowen; C. Kurta; J. Eggers; A. Bailey; S. Manley; V. Prasad; R. Christianson; U. Gasser; P. Segre; Cipelletti

2002-01-01

403

Lean manufacturing: context, practice bundles, and performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Management literature has suggested that contextual factors may present strong inertial forces within organizations that inhibit implementations that appear technically rational [R.R. Nelson, S.G. Winter, An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1982]. This paper examines the effects of three contextual factors, plant size, plant age and unionization status, on the likelihood of implementing 22 manufacturing

Rachna Shah; Peter T. Ward

2003-01-01

404

Forage quality and the costs of lactation for female gelada baboons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Field studies of two species of baboons suggest that Altmann's model of maternal time budgets (1980, Baboon Mothers and Infants, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press) provides a good qualitative but a poor quantitative fit to observed changes in the time that mothers spend feeding across infant age. We suggest that the poor quantitative fit might be explained by the fact

R. I. M. Dunbar; L. Hannah-Stewart; P. Dunbar

2002-01-01

405

Cultures of Teaching in Childhood: Formal Schooling and Maya Sibling Teaching at Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Culture can be thought of a set of shared practices, beliefs, and values that are transmitted across generations through language [Bruner, J. (1990). "Acts of meaning". Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press]. Teaching is one way that culture is transmitted, but forms of teaching vary across cultures and across activity settings within cultures.…

Maynard, Ashley E.

2004-01-01

406

The Second Student-Run Homeless Shelter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From 1983-2011, the Harvard Square Homeless Shelter (HSHS) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, was the only student-run homeless shelter in the United States. However, college students at Villanova, Temple, Drexel, the University of Pennsylvania, and Swarthmore drew upon the HSHS model to open their own student-run homeless shelter in Philadelphia,…

Seider, Scott C.

2012-01-01

407

Cultural Consumption Patterns in South Africa: An Investigation of the Theory of Cultural Omnivores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contrary to Bourdieu's theory ("Distinction: A social critique of the judgment of taste". Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press (1984)) that cultural consumption of so-called "high" versus popular culture is determined by socio-economic class, Peterson ("Poetics" 21:243-258, 1992; "Poetics" 33:257-282, 2005) finds that higher income…

Snowball, J. D.; Jamal, M.; Willis, K. G.

2010-01-01

408

(Re)Framing Educational Possibility: Attending to Power and Equity in Shaping Access to and within Learning Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Accounts of how culture constitutes the learning activities we accomplish with others are flourishing. These accounts illustrate how participants draw upon, adapt, and contest historically situated social practices, tools, and relations to accomplish their learning goals [Vygotsky: Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1978]. Yet, they often lack…

Hand, V.; Penuel, W. R.; Gutierrez, K. D.

2012-01-01

409

One, Two, Three, Four, Nothing More: An Investigation of the Conceptual Sources of the Verbal Counting Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the publication of [Gelman, R., & Gallistel, C. R. (1978). "The child's understanding of number." Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.] seminal work on the development of verbal counting as a representation of number, the nature of the ontogenetic sources of the verbal counting principles has been intensely debated. The present…

Le Corre, Mathieu; Carey, Susan

2007-01-01

410

Macro Simulations for PCs in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The macroeconomic model in Ray C. Fair's textbook, "Specification, Estimation, and Analysis of Macroeconometric Models" (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984), has been programed to run on a personal computer. The model consists of 128 equations. The model's potential for use as a teaching tool is discussed. (RM)

Case, Karl E.; Fair, Ray C.

1985-01-01

411

Figured World of History Learning in a Social Studies Methods Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper considers how one teacher educator, Dr. Gomez, took up revisionist history and inquiry in her social studies methods classroom. The concepts of figured worlds (Holland et al., 1998) [Holland, D., Lachicotte, W. Jr., Skinner, D., & Cain, C. (1998). "Identity and agency in cultural worlds." Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press], and…

Robinson, Cecil

2007-01-01

412

Restorative Justice Programs, Gender, and Recidivism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Restorative justice programs, which attempt to reintegrate offenders into society by building and strengthening interpersonal relationships, may provide the juvenile justice system with an effective option for female offenders. If women and men have different values, and women value connections with others while men value independence and autonomy [Gilligan, C. (1982). In A Different Voice. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press],

Lori Elis

2005-01-01

413

What Does It Take to Achieve Equality of Opportunity in Education?: An Empirical Investigation Based on Brazilian Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Roemer's [Roemer, J. (1998). "Equality of opportunity". Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.] seminal work on equality of opportunity has contributed to the emergence of a theory of justice that is modern, conceptually clear and easy to mobilize in policy design. Inspired by Roemer's theory, this paper is fundamentally a policy-modeling…

Waltenberg, Fabio D.; Vandenberghe, Vincent

2007-01-01

414

What Does It Take to Achieve Equality of Opportunity in Education?: An Empirical Investigation Based on Brazilian Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Roemer's [Roemer, J. (1998). "Equality of opportunity". Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.] seminal work on equality of opportunity has contributed to the emergence of a theory of justice that is modern, conceptually clear and easy to mobilize in policy design. Inspired by Roemer's theory, this paper is fundamentally a policy-modeling…

Waltenberg, Fabio D.; Vandenberghe, Vincent

2007-01-01

415

Images of Men and Women in Mobile Phone Advertisements: A Content Analysis of Advertisements for Mobile Communication Systems in Selected Popular Magazines  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was designed to analyze gender stereotypes in print advertisements for mobile communication systems in German popular magazines intended for men, women, and general readership. Depictions of both women and men are addressed. A total of 288 depictions were examined using Goffman’s (Gender advertisements, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1979) framework for content analysis. Other variables studied were

Nicola Döring; Sandra Pöschl

2006-01-01

416

Risk Factors for Boy's Conduct Problems in Poor and Lower-Middle-Class Neighborhoods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The joint trajectory analysis version of Nagin's ("Group-based modeling of development." Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005) semiparametric, group-based approach for modeling trajectories was used to assess how boy's trajectories of conduct problems (CP) and neighborhood SES covaried from ages 5 to 12. Participants were recruited from…

Schonberg, Michael A.; Shaw, Daniel S.

2007-01-01

417

Harvard study finds modeling gene-gene and gene-environment interaction may not substantially improve risk prediction  

Cancer.gov

Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) researchers have found that detailed knowledge about your genetic makeup—the interplay between genetic variants and other genetic variants, or between genetic variants and environmental risk factors—may only change your estimated disease prediction risk for three common diseases by a few percentage points, which is typically not enough to make a difference in prevention or treatment plans. It is the first study to revisit claims in previous research that including such information in risk models would eventually help doctors either prevent or treat diseases.

418

New books  

Microsoft Academic Search

From Art to Theatre. Form and Convention in the Renaissance. By George R. Kernodle. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1944; pp. 255, 62 illustrations. $5.00.Shakespeare and the Actors—The Stage Business in His Plays (1660–1905). By Arthur Colby Sprague. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1944; pp. xxv + 440. $5.00.A Handbook of Classical Drama. By Philip Whaley Harsh. Stanford University: Stanford University

Barnard Hewitt; Arleigh B. Williamson; Ross Scanlan; Lionel Crocker; Ernest H. Henrikson; J. Jeffery Auer USNR; C. K. Thomas

1945-01-01

419

"Universe" event at AIMS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Report of event of 11 May 2008 held at the African Institute of Mathematical Sciences (Muizenberg, Cape), with speakers Michael Griffin (Administrator of NASA), Stephen Hawking (Cambridge), David Gross (Kavli Institute, Santa Barbara) and George Smoot (Berkeley).

2008-06-01

420

MIT jar test of the natural polymer chitosan with fresh pond water from the Cambridge Water Department, November-December 1992  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) jar tests of chitosan using CWD (Cambridge Water Department Treatment Plant) water was to demonstrate the effectiveness of chitosan as a coagulant in drinking water applications. The approach was to compare the performance of the natural organic coagulant, chitosan, to the performance of alum and other chemical coagulants in terms of the parameters turbidity, color, pH and alkalinity. Twenty-five jar tests were conducted during November and December, 1992, at Parsons Laboratory, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Murcott, S.; Harleman, D.R.F.

1993-01-01

421

Contemporary exercise physiology: fifty years after the closure of Harvard Fatigue Laboratory.  

PubMed

The relationships between the discipline of exercise physiology and the activities of the Harvard Fatigue Laboratory were examined. Even though 5 decades have elapsed since the Laboratory's closure, its existence, leaders, and accomplishments continue to be revered by exercise physiologists. The Laboratory was unique because it was the first research facility of its type and because no single exercise physiology laboratory in the United States since 1947 has been able to attract the stature of the national and international investigators that conducted the interdisciplinary research published by the Laboratory. Despite the inference from its name, the Laboratory's purpose was not to advance the discipline of exercise physiology; rather, it was to advance our understanding and interactions of applied physiology, physiology, and sociology. Consequently, its contributions to the critical mass of exercise physiology literature were limited even though may of the publications were seminal in nature. As documented by the Horvaths, the closure resulted in the establishment of many different research laboratories by former Laboratory staff members and associates (R.E. Johnson at Illinois, Horvath at Santa Barbara, and Dill at Nevada); however, their impact on exercise physiology was delayed because Keys and Robinson had left for Minnesota and Indiana, respectively, well in advance of closing. Unfortunately, the administrative structure and organization of the Laboratory was not conducive to the training of Ph.D candidates with an interest in exercise physiology. Consequently, only two individuals graduated during its existence. Since departments of physiology or biology had limited faculty or interest in preparing students for such a future before and after closure, departments of physical education with specialization graduate programs in exercise physiology assumed this responsibility, which was facilitated by post-World War II funding that supported mass education, graduate training, health related research, and facility development. Today, the majority of the leaders in exercise physiology are the "products" of the specialization movement. Although undergraduates were encouraged to participate in the research activities, the talented faculty of the Laboratory did not offer formal courses in exercise physiology. Thus, the development of an academic discipline in exercise physiology was left to institutions that required a science-oriented curriculum in their undergraduate and graduate degree programs in physical education, exercise science, or kinesiology. The emergence of exercise physiology as a discipline in the United States was enhanced by the publications of the Journal of Applied Physiology in 1948 and by Medicine and Science in Sports in 1969. These were peer-reviewed journals that were interested in publishing research studies on exercise topics. Two other reasons contributed to its development. The first was the creation of an Applied Physiology Study Section at the National Institute of Health in 1964, whose purpose was to evaluate grant proposals in subject matter area intrinsic to exercise physiology, while the second reason was the formation of the American College of Sports Medicine in 1954. ACSM was an important for the establishment of the discipline because it had an organizational structure that encouraged exercise physiologists to join, provided opportunities for members to present at regional and national meetings, and would publish their findings. Although the American Physiological Society had been established more than a 100 years ago, only a limited number of its members were interested and active in exercise physiology at the time of the Laboratory's closure or at the beginning of the specialization era (1963). However, in 1977, APS created a membership section that included exercise physiology in its title. Currently, both APS and ACSM are effectively representing the professional interests of exercise ph PMID:9696994

Tipton, C M

1998-01-01

422

An Evaluation of Two Different Methods of Assessing Independent Investigations in an Operational Pre-University Level Examination in Biology in England.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explored aspects of assessment of extended investigation ("project") practiced in the operational examinations of The University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES) for the perspective of construct validity. Samples of the 1993 (n=333) and 1996 (n=259) biology test results reveal two methods of assessing the project. (MAK)

Brown, Chris

1998-01-01

423

Housing in a Hurry. Proceedings of North Atlantic Conference. (Cambridge, Massachusetts, March 18, 1972.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administrators from the Universities of Delaware, Rhode Island, and Vermont describe the processes that were followed on their respective campuses in the construction of economical and rapidly completed student housing. The design-build approach was utilized in which contractors prepare plans to meet the client's budget and facility requirements.…

Lamison, Robert M.; And Others

424

Healthy travel and the socio-economic structure of car commuting in Cambridge, UK: A mixed-methods analysis  

PubMed Central

Car use is associated with substantial health and environmental costs but research in deprived populations indicates that car access may also promote psychosocial well-being within car-oriented environments. This mixed-method (quantitative and qualitative) study examined this issue in a more affluent setting, investigating the socio-economic structure of car commuting in Cambridge, UK. Our analyses involved integrating self-reported questionnaire data from 1142 participants in the Commuting and Health in Cambridge study (collected in 2009) and in-depth interviews with 50 participants (collected 2009–2010). Even in Britain's leading ‘cycling city’, cars were a key resource in bridging the gap between individuals' desires and their circumstances. This applied both to long-term life goals such as home ownership and to shorter-term challenges such as illness. Yet car commuting was also subject to constraints, with rush hour traffic pushing drivers to start work earlier and with restrictions on, or charges for, workplace parking pushing drivers towards multimodal journeys (e.g. driving to a ‘park-and-ride’ site then walking). These patterns of car commuting were socio-economically structured in several ways. First, the gradient of housing costs made living near Cambridge more expensive, affecting who could ‘afford’ to cycle and perhaps making cycling the more salient local marker of Bourdieu's class distinction. Nevertheless, cars were generally affordable in this relatively affluent, highly-educated population, reducing the barrier which distance posed to labour-force participation. Finally, having the option of starting work early required flexible hours, a form of job control which in Britain is more common among higher occupational classes. Following a social model of disability, we conclude that socio-economic advantage can make car-oriented environments less disabling via both greater affluence and greater job control, and in ways manifested across the full socio-economic range. This suggests the importance of combining individual-level ‘healthy travel’ interventions with measures aimed at creating travel environments in which all social groups can pursue healthy and satisfying lives.

Goodman, Anna; Guell, Cornelia; Panter, Jenna; Jones, Natalia R.; Ogilvie, David

2012-01-01

425

In Situ Measurement of Water Vapor Isotopic Composition Near the Tropopause: First Results From the Harvard ICOS Isotope Instrument  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years the atmospheric science community has placed high priority on obtaining measurements of the isotopic composition of water vapor at near-tropopause altitudes. Because water isotopic composition is altered by all processes involving condensation or evaporation, it can serve as a tracer of the processes governing the water content of air ascending to the stratosphere. Obtaining scientifically useful measurements is made difficult, however, by the scarcity of HDO, the most useful water isotopologue; by the precision and accuracy required to differentiate between dehydration scenarios; and by the potential for contamination. We report here on the first flights of a new instrument designed to meet these needs and to provide high-sensitivity in situ measurements of HDO, H218O, and H2O in the near-tropopause region. The Harvard ICOS Isotope Instrument uses the relatively new technique of Integrated Cavity Output Spectroscopy (ICOS) to provide mid-infrared absorption spectra with a pathlength of 4 km, as opposed to the < 100 m of traditional multipass cells. The instrument offers more than an order of magnitude improvement in sensitivity over traditional in situ mid-infrared spectroscopic instruments. Integration times are 1-3 s, short enough to capture the small spatial scales of tropical deep convection plumes and cirrus layers. Instrument design also focuses on minimizing measurement hysteresis due to contamination, using pharmaceutical-grade fittings and welds to eliminate trapped volumes. We discuss the specific measurement needs for studying near-tropopause dehydration and show validation of the performance of this instrument on a series of test flights in autumn 2004 on NASA's WB-57 high-altitude aircraft. The aircraft payload includes for comparison a second instrument measuring HDO and H2O by a fully independent method (the Harvard Hoxotope Instrument, using photofragment laser-induced fluorescence) as well as two well-established and validated instruments measuring water vapor and total water. The Harvard ICOS Isotope Instrument is proposed for use on upcoming science missions studying water vapor in the near-tropopause region.

Moyer, E. J.; Keutsch, F. N.; Sayres, D. S.; Allen, N. T.; Weinstock, E. M.; Anderson, J. G.

2004-12-01

426

Everyone Wants To Be Like Harvard Or Do They: Cherishing All Missions Equally  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to review the drivers of institutional diversity, and traditional higher education system frameworks which mirrored a simplistic understanding of knowledge creation and skill\\/labour market requirements. It then proposes a more differentiated approach of diversity appropriate for the 21st century and reflecting the complexity of knowledge production and concepts of research and scholarship, and the trend for universal

Ellen Hazelkorn

2011-01-01

427

[CAMDEX-N: the Dutch version of the Cambridge Examination for Mental Disorders of the Elderly with automatic data processing].  

PubMed

In the study of dementia four distinct categories of instruments can be distinguished: instruments to examine cognitive dysfunction, to measure the severity of dementia, to assess disturbances in daily behaviour, and instruments to make a differential diagnosis of dementia. The Cambridge Examination for Mental Disorders of the Elderly (CAMDEX), published in 1988, incorporates these four categories in a single comprehensive interview schedule. Items related to the diagnosis of clouded/delirious state, depression and other psychiatric symptoms are also included. The Dutch version (CAMDEX-N) and accompanying software for data analysis and for scientific research were developed. Items were added to the section on physical and neurological examination, and to the section on ancillary investigations. The software can be adapted to future developments in dementia research. PMID:1926299

Derix, M M; Hofstede, A B; Teunisse, S; Hijdra, A; Walstra, G J; Weinstein, H C; van Gool, W A

1991-08-01

428

How Appropriate Are Two Established Concepts from Higher Education for Solving Complex Real-World Problems?: A Comparison of the Harvard and the ETH Case Study Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The main focus of this paper is to discuss appropriate forms of higher education for building up students' competence for working on complex real-world problems. Design/methodology/approach: Within this paper the Harvard approach is accurately compared with the ETH approach by discussing theoretical and practical implications as well.…

Steiner, G.; Laws, D.

2006-01-01

429

Physical activity and risk of vasomotor symptoms in women with and without a history of depression: results from the Harvard Study of Moods and Cycles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine whether physical activity was associated with decreased risk of vasomotor symptoms in a prospective study of women transitioning through menopause. Design: Hypotheses were evaluated in the Harvard Study of Moods and Cycles, a longitudinal study of women with and without a history of major depression (N = 523). Ordinal logistic regression models were utilized to assess the

Rebecca C. Thurston; Hadine Joffe; Claudio N. Soares; Bernard L. Harlow

2006-01-01

430

The Half-Opened Door: Discrimination and Admissions at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton, 1900-1970. Contributions in American History, Number 80.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The origins, history, and final demise of discriminatory admissions policies at Harvard, Princeton and Yale are examined. It is reported that by the early 1920's the Big Three racial and religious quotas were fully operative in response to the influx of Jews, Catholics, and other new groups that threatened the hegemony of the old-stock Americans…

Synnott, Marcia Graham

431

What We Have Learned From the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study: Focusing Attention on College Student Alcohol Consumption and the Environmental Conditions That Promote It  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study surveyed students at a nationally representative sample of 4-year colleges in the United States four times between in 1993 and 2001. More than 50,000 students at 120 colleges took part in the study. This article reviews what we have learned about college drinking and the implica- tions for prevention: the need

HENRY WECHSLER; TOBEN F. NELSON

432

Underage College Students' Drinking Behavior, Access to Alcohol, and the Influence of Deterrence Policies: Findings from the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Underage drinking is a major problem at American colleges, but little is known about the extent of alcohol use in dif- ferent student groups, in different colleges, and in states with dif- ferent control policies. We used data from the 2001 and 3 previous Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Studies that compared responses of underage students with those

Henry Wechsler; Jae Eun Lee; Toben F. Nelson; Meichun Kuo

2002-01-01

433

Overview of the Reanalysis of the Harvard Six Cities Study and American Cancer Society Study of Particulate Air Pollution and Mortality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an overview of the Reanalysis Study of the Harvard Six Cities and the American Cancer Society (ACS) studies of particulate air pollution and mortality. The previous findings of the studies have been subject to debate. In response, a reanalysis team, comprised of Canadian and Amercian researchers, was invited to participate in an independent reanalysis project to address

Daniel Krewski; Richard Burnett; Mark Goldberg; B. Kristin Hoover; Jack Siemiatycki; Michael Jerrett; Michal Abrahamowicz; Warren White

2003-01-01

434

College Binge Drinking in the 1990s: A Continuing Problem Results of the Harvard School of Public Health 1999 College Alcohol Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1999, the Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study resurveyed colle ges that participated in the 1993 and 1997 surveys. Responses to mail questionnaires from more than 14 000 students at 119 nationally r epresentative 4-year col- leges in 39 states were compared with responses recei ved in 1997 and 1993. Two of 5 students (44%) were binge

Henry Wechsler; Jae Eun Lee; Meichun Kuo; Hang Lee

2000-01-01

435

Carbon and water exchange of a younger, drier deciduous forest compared to the long-term study site at Harvard Forest, Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

We measured carbon and water exchange by the eddy covariance method at a younger, drier deciduous forest and compared it to the well-known Harvard Forest deciduous site during two growing seasons (2002 and 2003) and an intervening dormant season. Forests at both sites are dominated by red oak (Quercus rubra) and red maple (Acer rubrum), but the younger forest is

J. L. Hadley; P. S. Kuzeja

2004-01-01

436

A Study of the Importance of Education and Cost Incentives on Individual Food Choices at the Harvard School of Public Health Cafeteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To investigate the importance of cost and awareness of health- or disease-promoting properties of foods and meals for choices by customers of a cafeteria. Design: A non-randomized intervention study. Setting: A medium size cafeteria in the Harvard School of Public Health. Participants: Customers of the cafeteria mainly consisting of public health students, faculty, and school staff and workers from

Karin B. Michels; Barry R. Bloom; Paul Riccardi; Bernard A. Rosner; Walter C. Willett

2008-01-01

437

Foliar free polyamine and inorganic ion content in relation to soil and soil solution chemistry in two fertilized forest stands at the Harvard Forest, Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) are low molecular weight, open-chained, organic polycations which are found in all organisms and have been linked with stress responses in plants. The objectives of our study were to investigate the effects of chronic N additions to pine and hardwood stands at Harvard Forest, Petersham, MA on foliar polyamine and inorganic ion contents as well

Rakesh Minocha; Stephanie Long; Alison H. Magill; John Aber; William H. McDowell

2000-01-01

438

How Appropriate Are Two Established Concepts from Higher Education for Solving Complex Real-World Problems?: A Comparison of the Harvard and the ETH Case Study Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The main focus of this paper is to discuss appropriate forms of higher education for building up students' competence for working on complex real-world problems. Design/methodology/approach: Within this paper the Harvard approach is accurately compared with the ETH approach by discussing theoretical and practical implications as well.…

Steiner, G.; Laws, D.

2006-01-01

439

Teaching Three-Dimensional Structural Chemistry Using Crystal Structure Databases. 3. The Cambridge Structural Database System: Information Content and Access Software in Educational Applications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Parts 1 and 2 of this series described the educational value of experimental three-dimensional (3D) chemical structures determined by X-ray crystallography and retrieved from the crystallographic databases. In part 1, we described the information content of the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) and discussed a representative teaching subset of…

Battle, Gary M.; Allen, Frank H.; Ferrence, Gregory M.

2011-01-01

440

Proceedings from the Symposium on Design and Construction of Slurry Walls as Part of Permanent Structures Held at Cambridge, Massachusetts on August 30-31, 1979.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This volume contains the papers of the 20 speakers who addressed the topic of Slurry Walls at the Symposium sponsored by the Federal Highway Administration. The symposium was held at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Cambridge, Massachusetts on August 30 & 31, 1...

B. Dennis

1980-01-01

441

Teaching Three-Dimensional Structural Chemistry Using Crystal Structure Databases. 4. Examples of Discovery-Based Learning Using the Complete Cambridge Structural Database  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Parts 1 and 2 of this series described the educational value of experimental three-dimensional (3D) chemical structures determined by X-ray crystallography and retrieved from the crystallographic databases. In part 1, we described the information content of the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) and discussed a representative teaching subset of…

Battle, Gary M.; Allen, Frank H.; Ferrence, Gregory M.

2011-01-01

442

The greater susceptibility of North Ronaldsay sheep compared with Cambridge sheep to copper-induced oxidative stress, mitochondrial damage and hepatic stellate cell activation.  

PubMed

Sheep of the semi-feral North Ronaldsay (copper-sensitive) and domesticated Cambridge (copper-tolerant) breeds were compared in respect of pathological changes and protein expression in the liver as a result of excessive dietary copper. Acute mitochondrial damage and hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation with collagen synthesis occurred in response to moderate copper overload in North Ronaldsay but not in Cambridge sheep. Mitochondrial degradative changes occurred either as ballooning degeneration and rupture with subsequent autophagic degradation or as mitochondrial matrical condensation (pyknosis). In North Ronaldsay sheep prolonged exposure to copper produced mitochondrial hyperplasia and hypertrophy, and nuclear damage with necrosis. Cytosolic isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH), an enzyme responsive to oxidative stress, was induced in the liver of Cambridge sheep receiving a Cu-supplemented diet but was undetectable in the non-supplemented control sheep. Conversely, IDH was detected at similar levels in both control and copper-supplemented North Ronaldsay sheep, indicating a lower threshold response, and an enhanced susceptibility, to oxidative stress. "Upregulation" of mitochondrial thioredoxin-dependent peroxidase reductase (antioxidant protein-1) in the hepatic cytosol of the North Ronaldsay (but not Cambridge) sheep affirmed the increased susceptibility of the mitochondria to Cu-induced oxidative stress in this breed. Likewise the upregulation of cathepsin-D indicated increased lysosomal activity and HSC activation. The findings may be relevant to copper toxicosis in human infants. PMID:16099232

Haywood, S; Simpson, D M; Ross, G; Beynon, R J

443

MIT jar test of the natural polymer chitosan with fresh pond water from the Cambridge Water Department, November-December 1992  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) jar tests of chitosan using CWD (Cambridge Water Department Treatment Plant) water was to demonstrate the effectiveness of chitosan as a coagulant in drinking water applications. The approach was to compare the performance of the natural organic coagulant, chitosan, to the performance of alum and other chemical coagulants in terms of

S. Murcott; D. R. F. Harleman

1993-01-01

444

Performance on Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery Subtests Sensitive to Frontal Lobe Function in People with Autistic Disorder: Evidence from the Collaborative Programs of Excellence in Autism Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent structural and functional imaging work, as well as neuropathology and neuropsychology studies, provide strong empirical support for the involvement of frontal cortex in autism. The Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) is a computer-administered set of neuropsychological tests developed to examine specific components…

Ozonoff, Sally; Cook, Ian; Coon, Hilary; Dawson, Geraldine; Joseph, Robert M.; Klin, Ami; McMahon, William M.; Minshew, Nancy; Munson, Jeffrey A.

2004-01-01

445

Books reviewed  

Microsoft Academic Search

Natives and Newcomers: The Ordering of Opportunity in Mid?Nineteenth Century Poughkeepsie. By Clyde and Sally Griffin. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1978. xvi, 291 pp. $18.95.The Chicago Board of Trade 1859–1905: The Dynamics of Self?Regulation. By Jonathan Lurie. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1979. xiv, 234 pp. $12.50.A City and Its Universities: Public Policy in Chicago, 1892–1919. By Steven J.

Daniel J. Walkowitz; Albro Martin; Melvin G. Holli; John A. Garraty; Gary M. Fink; Terry M. Perlin; Paul Avrich; Paul Vanderwood; Robert J. Alexander; Randall M. Miller; Virginia Bever Platt; Stephen Koss; Tony Mason; Ian MacDougall; Isser Woloch; Bernard K. Johnpoll; Sherry Marker; Gerald Surh; André E. LeBlanc

1982-01-01

446

Norms on the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility, Form A  

Microsoft Academic Search

Norms are presented on an adaptation for group administration with self-report scoring of Weitzenhoffer and Hilgard's Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale, Form A. Comparisons are made between a sample of 132 undergraduates given the new group-administered version and four reference samples including the original Stanford University normative group.Findings indicate that the group-administered version yields norms congruent with the individually-administered original. Diagnostic

Ronald E. Shor; Emily Carota Orne

1963-01-01

447

Universal Usability  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Universal usability of World Wide Web (Web) environments—that is, having 90% of households as successful users—requires universal access, usability, and universal design. Factors such as Web technology and user-centered design contribute to universal access and usability, but key to universal usability is a universal design methodology. Universal design principles for the Web follow from universal design principles for the built environment, and emphasize perceptibility, self-explanation, and tailorability for the user. Universally usable Web environments offer the benefit of expanded participation, as well as the unanticipated benefits that generally follow from innovative design initiatives. However, to achieve Web universal usability, Web designers need tools that facilitate the design of intuitive interfaces without sacrificing universal access.

Horton, Sarah; Leventhal, Laura

448

A Private Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site describes and provides access to a twenty-minute video documentary on education research for grade 5-12 educators. With its opening scene at a Harvard graduation, this video program explores why so few students truly grasp basic science concepts. The program traces the problem through interviews with Harvard graduates and their professors, as well as with a bright ninth-grader who has some confused ideas about the orbits of the planets. This site also provides individual program descriptions as a printable page and information about how to buy videos and materials. The video is also available as streaming video if the teacher or instructor signs in.

Shapiro, Irwin

2007-12-12

449

A comparison of food-based recommendations and nutrient values of three food guides: USDA's MyPyramid, NHLBI's Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Eating Plan, and Harvard's Healthy Eating Pyramid.  

PubMed

The purpose of this research was to compare food-based recommendations and nutrient values of three food guides: the US Department of Agriculture's MyPyramid; the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Eating Plan, and Harvard University's Healthy Eating Pyramid. Estimates of nutrient values associated with following each of the food guides at the 2,000-calorie level were made using a composite approach. This approach calculates population-weighted nutrient composites for each food group and subgroup, assuming average choices within food groups. Nutrient estimates were compared to the Dietary Reference Intakes and other goals and limits. Recommendations were similar regarding almost all food groups for both the type and amount of foods. Primary differences were seen in the types of vegetables and protein sources recommended and the amount of dairy products and total oil recommended. Overall nutrient values were also similar for most nutrients, except vitamin A, vitamin E, and calcium. These food guides were derived from different types of nutrition research, yet they share consistent messages: eat more fruits, vegetables, legumes, and whole grains; eat less added sugar and saturated fat; and emphasize plant oils. PMID:18313434

Reedy, Jill; Krebs-Smith, Susan M

2008-03-01

450

Taking Measure of the Universe: How Big? How Old? How Do We Know?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Supernovae, exploding stars that shine as brightly as a billion Suns, areastonishing events which offer the best method for measuring the size andshape of the universe. Professor Kirshner explains how stars explodeand how astronomers piece together clues from these brilliant disastersto understand the age, shape, and fate of the Universe. Click here for more info.Robert P. Kirshner is Professor of Astronomy at Harvard University,where he chaired the department from 1990 to 1997. In Fall 1997 he was onsabbatical at the Institute for Theoretical Physics at the University ofCalifornia, Santa Barbara.Kirshner's scientific work has centered on supernova explosions andtheir application to measuring t he Universe. The author of over 150scientific publications, Kirshner is Principal Investigator for SINS, theSupernova Intensive Study with the Hubble Space Telescope. He is a memberof the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.At Harvard, Kirshner teaches a large core curriculum coursecalled Matter in the Universe. Dubbed "the David Letterman of astronomy"by his colleagues for his entertaining lecture manner, he has writtenpopular articles for National Geographic, ScientificAmerican, Natural History, Sky and Telescope, and theWorld Book Encyclopedia.

Kirshner, Robert

1997-11-01

451

Benchmarking and quality improvement: the Harvard Emergency Department Quality Study ? ? Access the “Journal Club” discussion of this paper at http:\\/\\/www.elsevier.com\\/locate\\/ajmselect  

Microsoft Academic Search

PURPOSE: To determine whether feedback of comparative information was associated with improvement in medical record and patient-based measures of quality in emergency departments.SUBJECTS AND METHODS: During 1-month study periods in 1993 and 1995, all medical records for patients who presented to five Harvard teaching hospital emergency departments with one of six selected chief complaints (abdominal pain, shortness of breath, chest

Helen R Burstin; Alasdair Conn; Gary Setnik; Donald W Rucker; Paul D Cleary; Anne C O’Neil; E. John Orav; Colin M Sox; Troyen A Brennan

1999-01-01

452

Trends in College Binge Drinking During a Period of Increased Prevention Efforts: Findings from 4 Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study Surveys: 1993–2001  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2001 Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study surveyed students at 119 4-year colleges that par- ticipated in the 1993, 1997, and 1999 studies. Responses in the 4 survey years were compared to determine trends in heavy alcohol use, alcohol-related problems, and encounters with college and community prevention efforts. In 2001, approximately 2 in 5 (44.4%) college students

Henry Wechsler; Jae Eun Lee; Meichun Kuo; Mark Seibring; Toben F. Nelson; Hang Lee

2002-01-01

453

Cognitive assessment of a representative community population with Parkinson's disease (PD) using the Cambridge Cognitive Assessment-Revised (CAMCOG-R)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: cognitive decline is well recognised in Parkinson's disease (PD) but the best cognitive assessment tool for use in such patients remains unclear. The 30-point Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), while quick and straightforward to use, fails to cover a full range of cognitive domains and is recognised to have a ceiling effect. The Cambridge Cognitive Assessment- Revised (CAMCOG-R) is a

RICHARD J. ATHEY; ROBERT W. PORTER; RICHARD W. WALKER

454

Books reviewed  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Dangerous Class: Crime and Poverty in Columbus, Ohio, 1860–1885. By Eric H. Monkkonen. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1975. ix, 185 pp. $13.50.Herbert H. Lehman and New York's Little New Deal, By Robert P. Ingalls. New York: New York University Press, 1975. xx, 287 pp. $15.00Cesar Chavez: Autobiography of La Causa. By Jacques E. Levy. New York: W. W.

Melvyn Dubofsky; Bernard Sternsher; Donald H. Grubbs; David Herreshoff; David Bensman; James R. Green; Richard C. Robey; Robert E. Dowse; Milton Derber; Paul Avrich; Eugen Weber; A. G. L. Shaw

1977-01-01

455

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

JONATHAN M. HALL. Hellenicity: Between Ethnicity and Culture. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2002. Pp. xx, $50.00(US). Reviewed by Jeremy McInereyWILLIAM V. HARRIS. Restraining Rage: The Ideology of Anger Control in Classical Antiquity. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 2001. Pp. xii, 468. 849–95 (US). Reviewed by Paul J. BurtonDIANA SPENCER. The Roman Alexander: Reading a Cultural

Jeremy McInerney; Paul J. Burton; Erich S. Gruen; John A. Agnew; Charles G. Nauert Jr; Trevor Burnard; H. G. Koenigsberger; Eva Keller; Mark A. Kishlansky; Hala Fattah; Max J. Okenfuss; J. C. D. Clark; Monika Streissler; Michael Hochedlinger; Hugh Brogan; Owen Connelly; Frank J. Coppa; Geoffrey Bolton; Judith Bassett; Michael H. Fisher; Penny Carson; Alan Atkinson; Stephan H. Lindner; Eduardo Posada-Carbó; Steven Palmer; Lothar Höbelt; Pitman B. Potter; E. H. H. Green; Peter M. Beattie; James Edward Miller; Bill Nasson; Hew Strachan; Soon-Won Park; Jonathan Swainger; David Day; Derek Hopwood; Bruce A. Elleman; Jay Winter; Kenneth P. Werrell; Kenneth Mouré; Edwin Bacon; Donald Harman Akenson; Joseph A. Fry; Bettina Gransow; Henry A. Turner Jr; Christopher M. Meissner; Peter Calvert; Thomas W. Zeiler; Sigurd Hess; John R. Lampe; Frances Early; Scott Lucas; B. W. Muirhead; Stephen A. Garrett; Mark Bradley; Fred H. Lawson; David M. Olson; Joaquín Roy; Chiarella Esposito; Wray Vamplew; Kenneth Kyle; Alfred E. Eckes; Christopher Coker; Peter Bergmann; Brian C. Schmidt; Charles A. Kupchan

2003-01-01

456

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Louis H. FELDMAN. Jew and Gentile in the Ancient World: Attitudes and Interactions from Alexander to Justinian. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1993. Pp. xii, 679. $59–50 (US). Reviewed by Uriel RappaportAVERIL CAMERON. The Later Roman Empire: AD 284-430. Cambridge, Mass. and London: Harvard University Press, 1993. Pp. x, 238. $35.00 (US), cloth; $12.95 (US), paper; Reviewed by Warren

Uriel Rappapor; Warren Treadgold; Donald E. Queller; D. A. Loades; Richard Crampton; Gunther E. Rothenbehg; Patrick Buckland; Joyce E. Chaplin; Kathleen Burk; Samuel R. Williamson Jr; George E. Kent; Elisabeth Glaser-Schmidt; P. M. H. Bell; Mark Leier; Marian Kent; J. F. V. Keiger; Peter C. Kent; T. H. E. Travers; Craig Wilcox; Dimitri Kitsikis; G. C. Peden; Robert H. Van Meter; A. J. Crozier; Jerome Kuehl; Levine Daniel; Randall B. Woods; Alexander Dallin; Malcolm Leader; Russell F. Weigley; Paul Boyer; James Fetzer; Bryan Palmer; William Stueck; Glen St. J. Barclay; David L. Anderson; Stephen J. Morris; Paul Sutton; Coral Bell; Douglas J. MacDonald; Ann Pottinger Saab; Eugene F. Irschick; Thomas D. Hall; John Ferris; Paul F. Diehl; Timothy A. Byrnes; James D. Cochrane

1995-01-01

457

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

AZAR GAT. War in Human Civilization. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2006. Pp. xv, 822. $45.00 (us). Reviewed by William R. ThompsonROBIN WATERFIELD. Xenopkon's Retreat: Greece, Persia, and the End of the Golden Age. Cambridge, MA and London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2006. Pp. xiii, 248. $27.95 (us). Reviewed by Noreen HumbleVICTOR H. MAIR, ed. Contact

William R. Thompson; Noreen Humble; Paul D. Buell; Paul Bushkovitch; Leo K. Shin; John France; William Chester Jordan; Richard L. Kagan; Geoff Wade; Felipe Fernández-Armesto; Margaret Sankey; Andrew S. Thompson; France A. J. Szabo; Jennifer Mori; Stuart McCook; James D. Nason; Timothy A. Anna; Eric Van Young; Evelyn S. Rawski; Christopher Schmidt-Nowara; Kent G. Deng; Alan Booth; Patricia M. E. Lorcin; Norman Etherington; E. Patricia Tsurumi; Matthew Seligmann; Amber Lloydlangston; Vicki Caron; Sarah Ansari; Joseph A. Kéthichian; Roger Chickering; Hector Mackenzie; Evan Mawdsley; Brian R. Sullivan; Calder Walton; David J. Smith; James F. Gebhardt; Susan L. Carruthers; Donna Harsh; Alan P. Dobson; Tim Dunne; Walter K. Andersen; Joaquín Roy; Nicholas J. White; Kenton Clymer; Shahram Akbarzadeh; James Sperling; Howard Adelman; David M. Reimers; Stein Třnnesson; Milton L. Mueller; Kathy Bowrey; Michael Clarke; Brian McAllister Linn; Gerard Toal; Colin Elman

2007-01-01

458

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

ERICH S. GRUEN. Diaspora: Jews amidst Greeks and Romans. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 2002. Pp. ix, 386. $39.95 (us). Reviewed by Kenneth G. HolumARNE SŘBY CHRISTENSEN. Cassiodorus Jordanes and the History of the Goths: Studies in a Migration Myth. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, University of Copenhagen, 2002; dist. Portland: ISBS. Pp. xi, 391. $49.00 (us). Reviewed by

Kenneth G. Holum; Alexander Callander Murray; Felice Lifshitz; David O. Morgan; Heidrun Kugeler; Marcia Kupfer; Patrick Williams; Yuri Bregel; John Breuilly; Timothy Brook; Dave Gosse; Mark Harrison; Jay R. Berkovitz; J. C. D. Clark; H. V. Bowen; Peter H. Wilson; David Andrew Roberts; Ashley Jackson; István Deák; D. E. Moggridge; Donald Malcolm Reid; Mark Canuel; Alan Frost; Matt D. Childs; Timothy E. Anna; Richard J. Salvucci; Margaret Lamb; Patricia Clavin; Jürgen Osterhammel; Thomas Munch-Petersen; Bülent Gökay; Anne-Emanuelle Birn; Geoff Eley; David R. Stone; John M. MacKenzie; Philip M. Taylor; Derek Hopwood; Alan Cassels; Alexander De Grand; Peter Paret; Anthony Adamthwaite; Michael Schaller; J. H. Straczek; Lucy Noakes; Bruce Kurlick; C. Earl Edmondson; Beatrice S. Bartlett; James Jankowski; Robert G. Wirsing; Sandra Penrose; Peter Edwards; Tore Tingvold Petersen; Nicholas J. White; Marilyn B. Young; Kenneth Lunn; Scott Lucas; Robert M. Hayden; Douglas Torgerson; Alfred E. Eckes; Lawrence Aronsen; Terry Copp; Thomas Berger; Michael Tsin; Marnie Hughes-Warrington; Harold James

2004-01-01

459

VALIDITATION OF A LIGHT QUESTIONNAIRE WITH REAL-LIFE PHOTOPIC ILLUMINANCE MEASUREMENTS: THE HARVARD LIGHT EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT QUESTIONNAIRE  

PubMed Central

Background Light exposure at night is now considered a probable carcinogen. To study the effects of light on chronic diseases like cancer, methods to measure light exposure in large observational studies are needed. We aimed to investigate the validity of self-reported current light exposure. Methods We developed a self-administered semiquantitative light questionnaire, the Harvard Light Exposure Assessment (H-LEA) questionnaire, and compared photopic scores derived from this questionnaire with actual photopic and circadian measures obtained from a real-life 7-day light meter application among 132 women (85 rotating night shift workers and 47 day workers) participating in the Nurses' Health Study II. Results After adjustment for age, BMI, collection day, and night work status, the overall partial Spearman correlation between self-report of light exposure and actual photopic light measurements was 0.72 (P<0.001; Kendall ? =0.57) and 0.73 (P<0.0001; Kendall ? =0.58) when correlating circadian light measurements. There were only minimal differences in accuracy of self-report of light exposure and photopic or circadian light measurement between day (r=0.77 and 0.78, respectively) and rotating night shift workers (r=0.68 and 0.69, respectively). Conclusions The results of this study provide evidence of the criterion validity of self-reported light exposure using the H-LEA questionnaire. Impact: This questionnaire is a practical method of assessing light exposure in large scale epidemiologic studies.

Bajaj, Archna; Rosner, Bernard; Lockley, Steven; Schernhammer, Eva S.

2011-01-01

460

The Harvard Clean Energy Project: High-throughput screening of organic photovoltaic materials using first-principles electronic structure theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the Harvard Clean Energy Project (CEP) which is concerned with the computational screening and design of new organic photovoltaic materials. CEP has established an automated, high-throughput, in silico framework to study millions of potential candidate structures. This presentation discusses the CEP branch which employs first-principles computational quantum chemistry for the characterization of molecular motifs and the assessment of their quality with respect to applications as electronic materials. In addition to finding specific structures with certain properties, it is the goal of CEP to illuminate and understand the structure-property relations in the domain of organic electronics. Such insights can open the door to a rational, systematic, and accelerated development of future high-performance materials. CEP is a large-scale investigation which utilizes the massive computational resource of IBM's World Community Grid. In this context, it is deployed as a screensaver application harvesting idle computing time on donor machines. This cyberinfrastructure paradigm has already allowed us to characterize 3.5 million molecules of interest in about 50 million DFT calculations.

Hachmann, Johannes; Olivares-Amaya, Roberto; Atahan-Evrenk, Sule; Amador-Bedolla, Carlos; Aspuru-Guzik, Alan

2012-02-01

461

Validation of a French adaptation of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire among torture survivors from sub-Saharan African countries  

PubMed Central

Background To date no validated instrument in the French language exists to screen for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in survivors of torture and organized violence. Objective The aim of this study is to adapt and validate the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) to this population. Method The adapted version was administered to 52 French-speaking torture survivors, originally from sub-Saharan African countries, receiving psychological treatment in specialized treatment centers. A structured clinical interview for DSM was also conducted in order to assess if they met criteria for PTSD. Results Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the HTQ Part 4 was adequate (0.95). Criterion validity was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis that generated good classification accuracy for PTSD (0.83). At the original cut-off score of 2.5, the HTQ demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity (0.87 and 0.73, respectively). Conclusion Results support the reliability and validity of the French version of the HTQ.

de Fouchier, Capucine; Blanchet, Alain; Hopkins, William; Bui, Eric; Ait-Aoudia, Malik; Jehel, Louis

2012-01-01

462

Proceedings of the Symposium on Innovation and Innovation Centers Held at Cambridge, MA. on May 17-19, 1978.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The symposium, addressing the need for revitalization of innovation in American industry, focuses on the role of the university in this process. It has sought to provide a link between innovation centers and the interests of universities, government, and ...

1978-01-01

463

Polish Collection at the Alliance College Library in Cambridge Springs, PA: The Origins of the Collection in 1950, Its Rapid Development in the 1970's and the Introduction of the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) in 1982.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This essay outlines the development, present condition, and future direction of the 20,000-volume Polish research collection at Alliance College, located in Cambridge Springs, Pennsylvania. Alliance College was founded in 1912 by the Polish National Allia...

S. J. Kozaczka

1983-01-01

464

PREFACE: Proceedings of the International Conference on Nanoscale Order in Amorphous and Partially Ordered Solids, Trinity College, Cambridge, UK, July 9 11, 2007  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantifying the structural order in amorphous and partially ordered solids, and the effects of such order on solid-state properties, has been a longstanding challenge in the fields of amorphous glasses, semiconductors, and metals. Significant new understanding has emerged during the past few years thanks to advances in experimental techniques, theoretical approaches, and simulation of structure and properties. The International Conference on Nanoscale Order in Amorphous and Partially Ordered Solids was held at Trinity College, Cambridge UK on July 9-11, 2007. The intent of the workshop was to bring together leading researchers from around the world to report their recent work, discuss the state of the field, and chart future directions. These interactions took place formally via 21 oral and 21 poster presentations, and informally via walks in the Fellows Garden and of course in the pubs of Cambridge. We believe that we speak for all the participants in declaring the conference a great success. The meeting was supported by the FEI company, the US National Science Foundation and Trinity College Cambridge; we are very grateful for their generous support. We would also like to thank the staff and publishers of Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter for their assistance and efficiency in producing this volume.

Abelson, John; Drabold, David; Elliott, Stephen; Voyles, Paul

2007-11-01

465

University Hospitals for Sale.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although faculty opposition stopped the sale of Harvard's McLean Hospital to the Hospital Corporation of America (HCA), a partnership remains a possibility. Issues related to the proposed sale as well as those affecting hospital economics are considered. Proposed terms of the sale are included. (JN)

Culliton, Barbara J.

1984-01-01

466

Universal Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article explains the concept of 'Universal Time' (UT), sometimes referred to as 'Coordinated Universal Time' (UTC). Topics include how UTC is measured, who uses it, and a brief discussion of the historical context of this time standard.

467

Adaptation of the Cambridge Pulmonary Hypertension Outcome Review (CAMPHOR) into French-Canadian and English-Canadian  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: The Cambridge Pulmonary Hypertension Outcome Review (CAMPHOR) is the first disease-specific instrument for assessing patient-reported symptoms, functioning and quality of life (QoL) in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). OBJECTIVES: To create and validate French-Canadian (FC) and English-Canadian (EC) language versions of the CAMPHOR. METHODS: A translation panel (for the FC version) and lay panels (for both versions) were convened to adapt the questionnaires (dual-panel methodology). Subsequently, these new questionnaires were field-tested in 15 FC PAH and 15 EC PAH patients. Finally, in a postal validation study, the new language versions of the CAMPHOR underwent psychometric evaluation in 41 FC and 52 EC PAH patients to test for reliability and validity. RESULTS: The FC and EC field-test interview participants found the questionnaires relevant, comprehensible and easy to complete. Psychometric analyses showed that the FC and EC adaptations were successful. High test-retest coefficients for the scales after controlling for change in respondent’s QoL (FC: 0.92 to 0.96; EC: 0.85 to 0.99) indicated a high degree of reliability. The FC and EC CAMPHOR scales had good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha coefficients 0.90 to 0.92 and 0.88 to 0.92, respectively). Predicted correlations with the Nottingham Health Profile provided evidence of the construct validity of the FC and EC scales. The FC and EC adaptations also showed known groups validity. CONCLUSIONS: The FC and EC adaptations of the CAMPHOR have been shown to be reliable and valid for measures of health-related QoL and QoL in PAH, and thus can be recommended for use in clinical studies and routine practice in PAH.

Coffin, Donna; Duval, Karine; Martel, Simon; Granton, John; Lefebvre, Marie-Claude; Meads, David M; Twiss, James; McKenna, Stephen P

2008-01-01

468

Who Runs Our Universities?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Inside the academy there is a cultural perspective that it should run itself, in the sense that "business as usual" should be done with no one's hands obviously on the levers. This theory reaches its high point in the "self-government" of Oxford and Cambridge colleges. In this article, the author explores the question, "who runs our…

Watson, David

2012-01-01

469

University of Illinois at Navy Pier Photographs (1945-1948)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Until the creation of the University of Illinois at Navy Pier in 1946, the city of Chicago did not have a formal public undergraduate school. The location was an interesting choice, as the Navy Pier had been used for three decades for a variety of purposes. The school was later nicknamed "Harvard on the Rocks", and until the campus moved to the Near West Side in 1965, it acquired quite a bit of character. This fine photograph collection documents the Navy Pier campus, and is housed at the Richard J. Daley Library at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Visitors can scroll through the photos at their leisure, and they can also add photos to their own personal collection via the "lightbox" feature. Visitors should be sure to note how the photos show the transformation of the site from a naval facility into an institution of higher education, complete with a vast ballroom, curiously shaped classrooms, and a trolley line.

470

First AXAF Fellowships Awarded  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The AXAF (Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility) Science Center has announced the selection of five scientists to inaugurate the AXAF Postdoctoral Fellowship Program. Competition for the fellowships was open to all recent astronomy and astrophysics graduates worldwide. The AXAF Fellows will work for three years at a host astronomical institution in the United States where they will investigate topics broadly related to the scientific mission of AXAF. Additional AXAF Fellows will be selected each year over the course of the program. The AXAF Fellowship Program is a joint venture between NASA and the AXAF Science Center in cooperation with the host institutions. The AXAF Science Center is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts and funded by NASA through the Marshall Space Flight Center. "We are elated at the outstanding group of Fellows," said Harvey Tananbaum, the Director of the AXAF Science Center. "They will be working during the exciting period when the first X-ray images will be received from AXAF." Nancy Remage Evans, AXAF Fellowship Program Coordinator added, "The program will also encourage AXAF related work at institutions throughout the United States." An independent panel of scientists selected the honorees. The first AXAF Fellows and the host institutions at which they will hold their fellowships are: David Buote (University of California, Santa Cruz), Tiziana Di Matteo (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics), Ann Esin (California Institute of Technology), Joseph Mohr (University of Chicago), and Edward Moran (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). AXAF, the third of NASA's Great Observatories after the Hubble Space Telescope and the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, is the largest and most sophisticated X-ray telescope ever built. When it is launched in December of this year, AXAF's high resolution will provide new information about exploding stars, black holes, colliding galaxies, and other extremely hot regions of the universe. Further information about the AXAF satellite is available at the World Wide Web at http://xrtpub.harvard.edu/. Further information about the Fellowship program is available at http://asc.harvard.edu/fellows/. Supplemental Information on 1998 AXAF Fellows: * David Buote graduated from MIT, Cambridge MA 02139 * Tiziana DiMatteo graduated from Cambridge University, Cambridge CB30HA UK * Ann Esin graduated from Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 * Joseph Mohr graduated from Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 * Edward Moran graduated from Columbia University, New York City, NY 10027

1998-03-01

471

Characterization of the University of Toronto Concentrated Aerosol Particle Exposure Facility (CAPEF)—Effects on fine and ultrafine non-refractory aerosol composition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Virtual impactor-based particle concentrators have been developed to enable the study of biological mechanisms and dose-response relationships of PM inhalation. The Concentrated Aerosol Particle Exposure Facility (CAPEF) at University of Toronto houses Harvard School of Public Health-designed coarse, fine, and quasi-ultrafine particle concentrators for such studies. Characterization of the concentration of the non-refractory components of ambient particles was carried out

Robert D. McWhinney; Neeraj Rastogi; Bruce Urch; Frances Silverman; Jeffrey R. Brook; Greg J. Evans; Jonathan P. D. Abbatt

2012-01-01

472

Letter Written by James Bertram Howarth to the Bryant College Service Club Dated April 6, 1944  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Transcription begins]\\u000aUNITED STATES NAVYStoughton S-14Nav. Tra. Scol (Comm.)Harvard UniversityCambridge, Mass.6 April 1944\\u000aDear friends,\\u000aAgain I am indebted to you for another kindness bestowed, and would like to express my sincere appreciation. The tobacco arrived yesterday in good condition.\\u000aMy course here at Harvard ends in another month. We have leave for approximately two weeks before reporting to our

James Bertram Howarth

1944-01-01

473

Innovating America. Innovations in State and Local Government: An Awards Program of the Ford Foundation and the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document sums up the lessons to be learned from 3 years of Ford Foundation's Innovations Awards program activity. The eight programs described herein represent new ways of solving complex problems--from segregated neighborhoods to school dropouts. Each case has unique qualities: the novel idea and the particular circumstances that shaped the…

Jordan, Fred

474

From a declaration of values to the creation of value in global health: a report from Harvard University's Global Health Delivery Project.  

PubMed

To make best use of the new dollars available for the treatment of disease in resource-poor settings, global health practice requires a strategic approach that emphasises value for patients. Practitioners and global health academics should seek to identify and elaborate the set of factors that drives value for patients through the detailed study of actual care delivery organisations in multiple settings. Several frameworks can facilitate this study, including the care delivery value chain. We report on our efforts to catalyse the study of health care delivery in resource-limited settings in the hope that this inquiry will lead to insights that can improve the health of the neediest worldwide. PMID:20013522

Kim, J Y; Rhatigan, J; Jain, S H; Weintraub, R; Porter, M E

2010-01-01

475

Life University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Life University offers professional degrees in chiropractic, and undergraduate and graduate degrees in health related fields. Information is provided about the college, the chiropractic profession and research.

1997-01-01

476

Potential reductions of street solids and phosphorus in urban watersheds from street cleaning, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2009-11  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Material accumulating and washing off urban street surfaces and ultimately into stormwater drainage systems represents a substantial nonpoint source of solids, phosphorus, and other constituent loading to waterways in urban areas. Cost and lack of usable space limit the type and number of structural stormwater source controls available to municipalities and other public managers. Non-structural source controls such as street cleaning are commonly used by cities and towns for construction, maintenance and aesthetics, and may reduce contaminant loading to waterways. Effectiveness of street cleaning is highly variable and potential improvements to water quality are not fully understood. In 2009, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts, and initiated a study to better understand the physical and chemical nature of the organic and inorganic solid material on street surfaces, evaluate the performance of a street cleaner at removing street solids, and make use of the Source Loading and Management Model (SLAMM) to estimate potential reductions in solid and phosphorus loading to the lower Charles River from various street-cleaning technologies and frequencies. Average yield of material on streets collected between May and December 2010, was determined to be about 740 pounds per curb-mile on streets in multifamily land use and about 522 pounds per curb-mile on commercial land-use streets. At the end-of-winter in March 2011, about 2,609 and 4,788 pounds per curb-mile on average were collected from streets in multifamily and commercial land-use types, respectively. About 86 percent of the total street-solid yield from multifamily and commercial land-use streets was greater than or equal to 0.125 millimeters in diameter (or very fine sand). Observations of street-solid distribution across the entire street width indicated that as much as 96 percent of total solids resided within 9 feet of the curb. Median accumulation rates of street solids and median washoff of street solids after rainstorms on multifamily and commercial land-use streets were also similar at about 33 and 22 pounds per curb-mile per day, and 35 and 40 percent, respectively. Results indicate that solids on the streets tested in Cambridge, Mass., can recover to pre-rainstorm yields within 1 to 3 days after washoff. The finer grain-size fractions tended to be more readily washed from the roadway surfaces during rainstorms. Street solids in the coarsest grain-size fraction on multifamily streets indicated an average net increase following rainstorms and are likely attributed to debris run-on from trees, lawns, and other plantings commonly found in residential areas. In seven experiments between May and December 2010, the median removal efficiency of solids from street surfaces following a single pass by a regenerative-air street cleaner was about 82 percent on study sites in the multifamily land-use streets and about 78 percent on the commercial land-use streets. Median street-solid removal efficiency increased with increasing grain size. This type of regenerative-air street cleaner left a median residual street-solid load on the street surface of about 100 pounds per curb-mile. Median concentrations of organic carbon and total phosphorus (P) on multifamily streets were about 35 and 29 percent greater, respectively, than those found on commercial streets. The median total mass of organic carbon and total P in street solids on multifamily streets was 68 and 75 percent greater, respectively, than those found on commercial streets. More than 87 percent of the mass of total P was determined to be in solids greater than or equal to 0.125 millimeters in diameter for both land-use types. The median total accumulation rate for total P on multifamily streets was about 5 times greater than on commercial streets. Total P accumulation in the medium grain-size fraction was nearly the same for streets within both land-use types at 0.004 p

Sorenson, Jason R.

2013-01-01

477

Universal Expansion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a week-long activity for general to honors-level students that addresses Hubble's law and the universal expansion theory. Uses a discrepant event-type activity to lead up to the abstract principles of the universal expansion theory. (JRH)

McArdle, Heather K.

1997-01-01

478

University Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores how universities relate their built environment to academic discourse, asserting that the character of universities is often a charming dialogue between order and disarray. It contains numerous photographs and building plans for example campuses throughout the world. In part 1, "The Campus," chapters are: (1) "Academic Mission…

Edwards, Brian

479

University Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book explores how universities relate their built environment to academic discourse, asserting that the character of universities is often a charming dialogue between order and disarray. It contains numerous photographs and building plans for example campuses throughout the world. In part 1, "The Campus," chapters are: (1) "Academic Mission…

Edwards, Brian

480

Universal Expansion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a week-long activity for general to honors-level students that addresses Hubble's law and the universal expansion theory. Uses a discrepant event-type activity to lead up to the abstract principles of the universal expansion theory. (JRH)|

McArdle, Heather K.

1997-01-01

481

Baby universes.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Contents: 1. Introduction. 2. Topology change and third quantization in 0+1 dimensions. 3. Third quantization in 3+1 dimensions. 4. Parent and baby universes. 5. Instantons - from quantum mechanics to quantum gravity. 6. The axion model and the instanton approximation. 7. The cosmological constant: the Hawking-Baum argument; baby universes and Coleman's argument.

Strominger, A.

482

Baby universes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contents: 1. Introduction. 2. Topology change and third quantization in 0+1 dimensions. 3. Third quantization in 3+1 dimensions. 4. Parent and baby universes. 5. Instantons - from quantum mechanics to quantum gravity. 6. The axion model and the instanton approximation. 7. The cosmological constant: the Hawking-Baum argument; baby universes and Coleman's argument.

A. Strominger

1991-01-01

483

University Futures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent radical changes to university education in England have been discussed largely in terms of the arrangements for transferring funding from the state to the student as consumer, with little discussion of what universities are for. It is important, while challenging the economic rationale for the new system, to resist talking about higher…

Smith, Richard

2012-01-01

484

FIELD EXPERIMENTS AND MODELING AT CDG AIRPORTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Richard Ramaroson1,4, Klaus Schaefer2, Stefan Emeis2, Carsten Jahn2, Gregor Schürmann2, Maria Hoffmann2, Mikhael Zatevakhin3, Alexandre Ignatyev3. 1ONERA, Châtillon, France; 4SEAS, Harvard University, Cambridge, USA; 2FZK, Garmisch, Germany; (3)FSUE SPbAEP, St Petersburg, Russia. 2-month field campaigns have been organized at CDG airports in autumn 2004 and summer 2005. Air quality and ground air traffic emissions have been monitored continuously at terminals

R. Ramaroson

2009-01-01

485

New books in review  

Microsoft Academic Search

[CICERO] AD C. HERENNIUM DE RATIONE DICENDI (RHETORICA AD HERENNIUM) WITH AN ENGLISH TRANSLATION. By Harry Caplan. The Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, London: William Heinemann Ltd., 1954; pp. lviii+434. $3.00.WILLIAM ELLERY CHANNING. By David P. Edgell. Boston: The Beacon Press, 1955; pp. xv+264. $4.00.HOOF BEATS TO HEAVEN: A True Chronicle of the Life and Wild Times

Wilbur Samuel Howell; Marie Hochmuth; Paul H. Boase; Dallas C. Dickey; Robert G. Gunderson; Carroll P. Lahman; Lee S. Hultzén; Harold B. Allen; William R. Gondin; Robert W. Albright; Harry L. Weinberg; John B. Newman; Hubert Heffner; Albert E. Johnson; Alan S. Downer; Pat M. Ryan Jr; J. Calvin Callaghan; Albert J. Croft; Joseph F. OBrien; Joseph H. North; William H. Bos; Joseph F. Smith

1955-01-01

486

Cecilia Payne and the Composition of the Stars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online article, from Cosmic Horizons: Astronomy at the Cutting Edge, takes an in-depth look at the life and research of astrophysicist Cecilia Payne (1900-1979). It covers her early studies at Cambridge University, where she developed her interest in physics, her move to the United States, where she was able to earn an advanced degree at Harvard, the stellar spectra work that Payne used as the foundation for her research, and the results of her Ph.D. thesis.

487

Interlanguage pragmatics in the zone of proximal development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development (ZPD) has been fruitfully applied in L2 research that examines second and foreign language learning. This paper considers the applicability of the ZPD to interlanguage pragmatics instruction and research. First, the ZPD is defined [Vygotsky, L.S., 1978. Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA], and definitions are queried

Amy Snyder Ohta

2005-01-01

488

Recent Advances in Computer Engineering and Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This year the 4th WSEAS International Conference on COMPUTER ENGINEERING and APPLICATIONS (CEA '10) was held at Harvard University, Cambridge, USA, January 27-29, 2010. The conference remains faithful to its original idea of providing a platform to discuss network architecture, network design software, mobile networks and mobile services, digital broadcasting, e-commerce, optical networks, hacking, trojian horses, viruses, worms, spam, information

Stephen Lagakos Leonid Perlovsky Manoj Jha; Brindusa Covaci; Azami Zaharim Nikos Mastorakis

2010-01-01

489

Books reviewed  

Microsoft Academic Search

ALICE TO THE LIGHTHOUSE: CHILDREN'S BOOKS AND RADICAL EXPERIMENTS IN ART. By Juliet Dusinberre. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1987; pp. vii?352; $35.00.HIS OTHER HALF: MEN LOOKING AT WOMEN THROUGH ART. By Wendy Lesser. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1991; pp. 1–294; $24.95.DON'T TELL THE GROWN?UPS: SUBVERSIVE CHILDREN'S LITERATURE. By Alison Lurie. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1990; pp. ix?299; $19.95.SEXUAL

Jo Sprague; Mick Presnell; Marsha Houston; Elizabeth J. Natalle

1992-01-01

490

Hart Receives 2006 Edward A. Flinn III Award  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A few years after completing his doctorate at Harvard University Cambridge, Mass., Pembroke Hart joined the staff of the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (NAS/NRC) U.S. Committee for the 1957-1958 International Geophysical Year (IGY). He embarked on a highly productive career of more than 30 years of staff support for major initiatives in the geophysical sciences within the NAS/NRC.

Brett, Robin

2006-06-01

491

New books in review  

Microsoft Academic Search

ARISTOTLE'S POETICS: THE ARGUMENT. By Gerald F. Else. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1957; pp. xvi+670. $11.00.THE KING'S WAR, 1641–1647. By C. V. Wedgwood. New York: Macmillan, 1959; pp. 703. $7.50.STEPHEN A. DOUGLAS, DEFENDER OF THE UNION. By Gerald M. Capers. Boston: Little, Brown, 1959; pp. xii+239. $3.50. BENJAMIN HARRISON, HOOSIER STATESMAN: FROM THE CIVIL WAR TO THE WHITE HOUSE, 1865–1888.

Edwin Black; Goodwin F. Berquist Jr; Waldo W. Braden; Victor M. Powell; Robert P. Friedman; W. A. Dahlberg; Anthony Hillbruner; Kalman A. Burnim; Albert B. Weiner; Herbert Feinstein; Robert R. Crosby; Frances Lea McCurdy; Don Geiger; Jonathan W. Curvin; Lee S. Hultzén; Charlotte G. Wells; L. LaMont Okey; Edmund C. Nuttall; Gladys L. Borchers; Henry L. Ewbank Jr; Gerald Phillips; Lloyd I. Watkins; Francis E. X. Dance; Kenneth W. Pauli

1959-01-01

492

The Chicago School after the crisis of the new millennium  

Microsoft Academic Search

After the self-criticism of Richard Posner (A failure of capitalism. The crisis of ’08 and the descend to depression. Harvard\\u000a University Press, Cambridge, 2009a and some later papers), a position shared in part by Gary Becker, it is right to ask what exactly remains of the Chicago\\u000a School, which came into being in the early 1930s with Knight and made

Giuseppe Garofalo; Paolo Fetoni

493

New book in review  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE IDEOLOGICAL ORIGINS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. By Bernard Bailyn. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1967; pp. xiii+335. $5.95.THE MENNONITE CHURCH IN AMERICA, SOMETIMES CALLED OLD MENNONITES. By John C. Wenger. Introduction by Harold S. Bender. (Mennonite History, Vol. II.) Scottdale, Pa.: Herald, 1966; pp. 384. $7.95.MENNONITES IN THE CONFEDERACY: A STUDY IN CIVIL WAR PACIFISM. By

Anthony Hillbruner; William M. Gering; James L. Golden; Gregg Phifer; Kathryn F. Clarenbach; Robley Rhine; Malcolm O. Sillars; David B. Strother; Richard M. Hunt; Fredrick Trautmann; Donovan J. Ochs; Vincent M. Bevilacqua; Haig A. Bosmajian; Lawrence J. Raphael; John B. Newman; Dale D. Drum; Charlotte I. Lee; Theodore W. Hatlen; Fredric M. Litto; Sam Smiley; Richard A. Harris; Kalman A. Burnim; Ralph H. Haugen; Eugene Bristow; John A. Mills; Kay M. Baxter; Leonard C. Pronko; Richard N. McKinnon; Ram Bakshi; Shirley S. Wynne; Jon P. Cobes

1968-01-01

494

New books in review  

Microsoft Academic Search

ROOSEVELT AND WILLKIE: THE PRECEDENT BREAKING PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN OF 1940—ITS ANTAGONISTS, ITS BATTLES, ITS IMPACT. By Warren Moscow. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice?Hall, 1968; pp. xi+210. $6.95.REORGANIZING ROOSEVELT'S GOVERNMENT: THE CONTROVERSY OVER EXECUTIVE REORGANIZATION, 1936–1939. By Richard Polenberg. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1966; pp. viii+275. $5.95.THE PRESIDENT AS CHIEF ADMINISTRATOR: A STUDY OF FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT. By A. J.

Theodore R. Kennedy; Malcolm O. Sillars; Thomas J. Murray; Stephen Robb; Joseph M. Miller; William W. Macdonald; Anthony Hillbruner; Raymond W. Tyson; William E. Lampton; Charles Lowell Marlin; Gordon L. Thomas; Harry P. Kerr; Charles Daniel Smith; Coen Pierson; George R. Bramer; Everett Lee Hunt; Richard Murphy; Vincent M. Bevilacqua; G. S. Rousseau; Edward P. J. Corbett; H. F. Harding; Robert Sonkin; John B. Newman; Jack E. Bender; John A. Mills; Carl R. Mueller; R. Keith Michael; Lee Norveille; Ram V. Bakshi; Lee Devin

1968-01-01

495

Time for telling stories: narrative thinking with dynamic geometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his work on human cognition, Bruner (The culture of education, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1996) distinguishes between narrative and paradigmatic modes of thinking. While the latter is closely associated with mathematics,\\u000a Bruner’s writings suggest that the former contributes non-trivially to the learning of mathematics. In this paper, we argue\\u000a that the very nature of dynamic mathematical representations—being intrinsically temporal,

Nathalie Sinclair; Lulu Healy; Cassia Osorio Reis Sales

2009-01-01

496

Learning generalization in problem solving by a blue-fronted parrot ( Amazona aestiva )  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pepperberg (The Alex studies: cognitive and communicative abilities of gray parrots. Harvard University Press, Cambridge;1999) showed that some of the complex cognitive capabilities found in primates are also present in psittacine birds. Through the\\u000a replication of an experiment performed with cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus oedipus) by Hauser et al. (Anim Behav 57:565–582; 1999), we examined a blue-fronted parrot’s (Amazona aestiva)

Olívia de Mendonça-Furtado; Eduardo B. Ottoni

2008-01-01

497

Peer influence on young athletes’ need satisfaction, intrinsic motivation and persistence in sport: A 12-month prospective study  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivePrevious studies have shown that peer-created motivational climate greatly influences youth athletes’ motivation and other adaptive outcomes. The purpose of this study was to test a motivational model of persistence in sport that incorporates perceived peer motivational climate from achievement goal theory [Nicholls, J.G. (1989). The competitive ethos and democratic education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press] and basic psychological needs

Helen Jőesaar; Vello Hein; Martin S. Hagger

2011-01-01

498

Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Timothy J. Colton, Moscow: Governing the Socialist Metropolis. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1996, xvi + 939 pp., Ł28.50.Reiner Weichhardt (ed.), Status of Economic Reforms in Cooperation Partner Countries in the mid?1990s: Opportunities, Constraints, Security Implications. Brussels: NATO, 1996, 293 pp.Pal Gáspár (ed.), Changes and Challenges: Economic Transformation in East?Central Europe. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1995, 146 pp.Ian

Catherine Merridale; Martin Myant; Ed Clark; Richard R. Berry; John Thirkell; Ben Slay; Peter Kirkow; Jane McDermid; Christa L. Walck; Douglas Sutherland; Andrew Apostolou; Jorgen S. Nielsen; David M. Crowe; Robert F. Miller; Tom Gallagher; Darrell Slider; Christopher Williams; David Brandenberger; David Saunders

1997-01-01

499

Hydrogen-bond landscapes, geometry and energetics of squaric acid and its mono- and dianions: a Cambridge Structural Database, IsoStar and computational study.  

PubMed

As part of a programme of work to extend central-group coverage in the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre's (CCDC) IsoStar knowledge base of intermolecular interactions, we have studied the hydrogen-bonding abilities of squaric acid (H2SQ) and its mono- and dianions (HSQ(-) and SQ(2-)) using the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) along with dispersion-corrected density functional theory (DFT-D) calculations for a range of hydrogen-bonded dimers. The -OH and -C=O groups of H2SQ, HSQ(-) and SQ(2-) are potent donors and acceptors, as indicated by their hydrogen-bond geometries in available crystal structures in the CSD, and by the attractive energies calculated for their dimers with acetone and methanol, which were used as model acceptors and donors. The two anions have sufficient examples in the CSD for their addition as new central groups in IsoStar. It is also shown that charge- and resonance-assisted hydrogen bonds involving H2SQ and HSQ(-) are similar in strength to those made by carboxylate COO(-) acceptors, while hydrogen bonds made by the dianion SQ(2-) are somewhat stronger. The study reinforces the value of squaric acid and its anions as cocrystal formers and their actual and potential importance as isosteric replacements for carboxylic acid and carboxylate functions. PMID:24056361

Allen, Frank H; Cruz-Cabeza, Aurora J; Wood, Peter A; Bardwell, David A

2013-09-13

500

Runaway Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website is part of NOVA Online, which is produced for the Public Broadcasting System (PBS) by the Science Unit at WGBH in Boston. This site accompanies the television program of the same name, and ponders the question: What is the fate of our Universe? It provides information on the history and size of the universe, supernova explosions, and the local universe around the Milky Way. There is also a game exhibiting the Doppler effect and what it tells us about distant stars. A teacher's guide contains activities, teaching ideas, and a viewing guide for classroom use. The accompanying video is available through mail order.