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1

Cambridge University: Digital Image Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the course of the past eight centuries, Cambridge University has come into the possession of more than a few important documents. Their online digital image collection may be seen as an important first stop for anyone interested in perusing some of these remarkable materials. These documents include The Portsmouth and Macclesfield Collection, which contains the writings and ideas of Sir Isaac Newton, and the sketchbooks of Conrad Martens, who accompanied Charles Darwin on board the Beagle. That is far from all, however, as visitors can also browse the pages of the 13th century illuminated volume, "The Life of King Edward the Confessor". All in all, it is a lovely collection and one that scholars with any interest in English history will want to examine and recommend to their colleagues and students.

2

University of Cambridge: Science Festival  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science Festival aims to provide the public with opportunities to explore and discuss issues of scientific interest and concern and to raise aspirations by encouraging young people to consider a career in science, technology, engineering or mathematics.Each year, the Festival welcomes over 30,000 visitors to over 250 events and receives extensive national and local media coverage. Over 170 event coordinators organise talks, interactive demonstrations, hands-on activities, film showings and debates with the assistance of around 1,000 staff and students from departments and organisations across the University and research institutions, charities and industry in the eastern region. In addition, over 150 people volunteer their time to act as stewards to ensure visitors have a safe and enjoyable Festival experience.

3

University of Cambridge : Mathematics Enrichment (nrich)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University of Cambridge offers this website, Mathematics Enrichment (nrich), with problems, games and articles on mathematics for students ages 5 to 19. The problems are organized by Tiers (1 to 3) and follow the UK education system, but a guide for international educators is given in the Help section. Each problem includes a question, related resources, pictures or diagrams, a form for students to submit their solution, hints for students having difficulty, and notes for parents and teachers. The website is updated monthly and offers a weekly problem. This months theme is the mathematics of making journeys, with the path of the Olympic Torch as an intriguing lead-in to the topic. Registered users can pose questions and post messages in the discussion forum, both of which are also viewable by non-registered viewers. Registration is simple and does not cost anything.

2007-12-12

4

University of Cambridge: Mathematics Enrichment (nrich)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University of Cambridge offers this website, Mathematics Enrichment (nrich), with problems, games and articles on mathematics for students ages 5 to 19. The problems are organized by Tiers (1 to 3) and follow the UK education system, but a guide for international educators is given in the Help section. Each problem includes a question, related resources, pictures or diagrams, a form for students to submit their solution, hints for students having difficulty, and notes for parents and teachers. The website is updated monthly and offers a weekly problem. This months' theme is "the mathematics of making journeys," with the path of the Olympic Torch as an intriguing lead-in to the topic. Registered users can pose questions and post messages in the discussion forum, both of which are also viewable by non-registered viewers. Registration is simple and does not cost anything.

5

SPOKEN DOCUMENT RETRIEVAL FOR TREC9 AT CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY - DRAFT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents work done at Cambridge University for the TREC-9 Spoken Document Retrieval (SDR) track. The CU- HTK transcriptions from TREC-8 with Word Error Rate (WER) of 20.5% were used in conjunction with stopping, Porter stem- ming, Okapi-style weighting and query expansion using a con- temporaneous corpus of newswire. A windowing\\/recombination strategy was applied for the case where story

S. E. Johnson; P. Jourlin; K. Sp; P. C. Woodland

1998-01-01

6

University of Cambridge Department Of Materials Science and Metallurgy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Cambridge Department Of Materials Science and Metallurgy page offers information on current research ranging from the creation of new materials to improving existing materials. Considered "one of the leading materials science departments in the world," the department's research page points to more detailed pages outlining the work of seventeen groups. Research within the groups includes atomistic simulation, composites and coatings, device materials, high temperature stability of materials, materials chemistry, and the like. A special search feature allows users to easily locate information on research in progress by investigator, research topic, and supporting agency. Also available online are grant reports from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council.

7

Cambridge Cosmology: Relic Radiation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This section of Cambridge Cosmology discusses cosmic background radiation present in our Universe. Also covered are topics such as the present temperature of the Universe as taken by the COBE satellite, fluctuations seen at the 'edge' of the Universe, and possible causes of these fluctuations.

Shellard, Paul

8

Success in the US: Are Cambridge International Assessments Good Preparation for University Study?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the research being conducted by University of Cambridge International Examinations (Cambridge) to ensure that its international assessments prepare students as well as Advanced Placement and International Baccalaureate for continued studies in colleges and universities. The primary purpose of the research is to highlight…

Shaw, Stuart; Bailey, Clare

2011-01-01

9

Cambridge Desegregation Succeeding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the desegration plan of Cambridge, Massachusetts, as an example of a successful attempt at accomodating "freedom of choice" while at the same time meeting existing state and federal desegregation standards. Argues that the Cambridge plan has transfer value for other school systems. (KH)

Alves, Michael J.

1983-01-01

10

CambridgeSoft  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

CambridgeSoft provides a variety for software for chemical structure drawing and visualization, including the popular ChemDraw and Chem3D programs. Chem3D Ultra includes computational chemistry capability.

11

Cambridge Public Libraries: Directories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cambridge Room at the Cambridge Public Library has a vast storehouse of material related to the history of this most historic American city. Recently, they have allowed the staff at the Internet Archive access to a variety of materials, resulting in a number of primary documents that now reside on this site. Here, users can access the annual Cambridge business directories which profile local business leaders, institutions, organizations, and much more. These very substantial volumes contain advertisements, address directories, and other pieces of information that document the ebbs and flows of the business community throughout the area. The dates range from 1884 to 1931 and users can search through each volume for key words, addresses, names, and dates.

12

Cambridge Dictionary of Astronomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Held up by the heliopause? Floored by the flatness problem? Intimidated by MACHOs? With the Cambridge Astronomy Dictionary you'll no longer be defeated by such astronomical jargon! These and 3,200 additional words, names, and abbreviations used in amateur and professional astronomy, are clearly and concisely defined. Entries include information from modern and classical astronomy, including: -- A comprehensive selection of

Jacqueline Mitton

2001-01-01

13

Cambridge Desegregation Succeeding.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of the controversy concerning "freedom of choice" desegregation plans and presents a case study of the plan adopted by Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1981. Following the introduction, a short explanation of the plan's distinctive feature, controlled open enrollment, is given. (Under controlled open enrollment, no…

Alves, Michael

1983-01-01

14

University of Cambridge Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy Image Gallery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This gallery presents scientific images produced by members of the Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy at Cambridge University. The colorful images are drawn from electron microscopy, applied superconductivity, device materials, and microstructural kinetics. More information about the images and the groups conducting the research are provided.

2007-05-21

15

Up the Garden Path: A Chemical Trail through the Cambridge University Botanic Garden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The living world is a rich source of chemicals with many medicines, dyes, flavorings, and foodstuffs having their origins in compounds produced by plants. We describe a chemical trail through the plant holdings of the Cambridge University Botanic Gardens. Visitors to the gardens are provided with a laminated trail guide with 22 stopping points…

Battle, Gary M.; Kyd, Gwenda O.; Groom, Colin R.; Allen, Frank H.; Day, Juliet; Upson, Timothy

2012-01-01

16

Revision Planned for the Cambridge Latin Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes a discussion on the revision of the Cambridge Latin Course (CLC) held during the 1980 ACL Institute at the University of New Hampshire by CLC users and Cambridge University Press representatives. Emphasizes suggestions by users on grammar instruction strategies better suited to American students' needs. (MES)

Sebesta, Judith Lynn

1980-01-01

17

Cambridge Cosmology: Quantum Gravity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This section of Cambridge Cosmology explains the concepts of quantum gravity and quantum cosmology, and how they are useful in understanding space and the space-time continuum. This includes the M-theory, formerly known as the string theory, and the Holographic Principle, in order to explain phenomena such as black holes and the first one-hundredth of a second of the Big Bang.

Hertog, Thomas; Herdeiro, Carlos; Chamblin, H.; Ashbourn, J.; Reall, Harvey

18

Nutrition in medical education: reflections from an initiative at the University of Cambridge  

PubMed Central

Landmark reports have confirmed that it is within the core responsibilities of doctors to address nutrition in patient care. There are ongoing concerns that doctors receive insufficient nutrition education during medical training. This paper provides an overview of a medical nutrition education initiative at the University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, including 1) the approach to medical nutrition education, 2) evaluation of the medical nutrition education initiative, and 3) areas identified for future improvement. The initiative utilizes a vertical, spiral approach during the clinically focused years of the Cambridge undergraduate and graduate medical degrees. It is facilitated by the Nutrition Education Review Group, a group associated with the UK Need for Nutrition Education/Innovation Programme, and informed by the experiences of their previous nutrition education interventions. Three factors were identified as contributing to the success of the nutrition education initiative including the leadership and advocacy skills of the nutrition academic team, the variety of teaching modes, and the multidisciplinary approach to teaching. Opportunities for continuing improvement to the medical nutrition education initiative included a review of evaluation tools, inclusion of nutrition in assessment items, and further alignment of the Cambridge curriculum with the recommended UK medical nutrition education curriculum. This paper is intended to inform other institutions in ongoing efforts in medical nutrition education.

Ball, Lauren; Crowley, Jennifer; Laur, Celia; Rajput-Ray, Minha; Gillam, Stephen; Ray, Sumantra

2014-01-01

19

COMMERCIALIZING A DISRUPTIVE TECHNOLOGY BASED UPON UNIVERSITY IP THROUGH OPEN INNOVATION: A CASE STUDY OF CAMBRIDGE DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the use of a university spin-out firm to bring a potentially disruptive technology to market. The focus for discussion is how a spin-out can build a technology ecosystem of providers of complementary resources to enable partner organizations to build competence in a novel and potentially disruptive technology. The paper uses the illustrative case of Cambridge Display Technology

TIM MINSHALL; STUART SELDON; DAVID PROBERT

2007-01-01

20

Degrees of Influence: The Politics of Honorary Degrees in the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, 1900-2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The universities of Oxford and Cambridge had developed different attitudes towards the award of honorary degrees through the early and middle decades of the twentieth century. Recently, both have adopted a similar cautious and apolitical stance. This essay describes the role of honorary degrees in the production and reproduction of their cultural…

Heffernan, Michael; Jons, Heike

2007-01-01

21

33 CFR 117.549 - Cambridge Harbor.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cambridge Harbor. 117.549 Section 117...Requirements Maryland § 117.549 Cambridge Harbor. The draw of the S342 bridge, mile 0.1 at Cambridge, shall open on signal from 6 a.m....

2010-07-01

22

33 CFR 117.549 - Cambridge Harbor.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Cambridge Harbor. 117.549 Section 117...Requirements Maryland § 117.549 Cambridge Harbor. The draw of the S342 bridge, mile 0.1 at Cambridge, shall open on signal from 6 a.m....

2009-07-01

23

Cambridge Cosmology: Cosmic Strings and Other Defects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This section of Cambridge Cosmology discusses cosmic strings and other defects in our Universe. It begins with phase transitions in the early Universe, and how cosmic strings and other defects formed early on. Cosmic string evolution and dynamics are discussed while looking at high-resolution numerical cosmic string simulations. Also covered are possible explanations for the origin of large-scale structures (such as galaxies) and texture models of these structures.

Shellard, Paul; Martins, Carlos; Sornborger, Andrew

24

City of Cambridge: CityViewer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What is the best way to experience the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts? You could read a history of Harvard University, take a walking tour, or perhaps browse a topical website. But why not look at the Cambridge CityViewer for edification? This unique tool "allows the public to view, query, mark up, and print custom maps using only a web browser." Notedly, the viewer works best with Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox. Visitors can check out ten different topical overlays, including those dealing with city parks, construction projects, land parcels, sewers, zoning, and traffic. There are many ways to get started, such as performing a simple search, an advanced search, or even just by typing in a street name and number. For anyone with an interest in urban history, planning, and land use, this site is a rare treat.

25

Cambridge-Cambridge X-ray Serendipity Survey. 2: Classification of X-ray Luminous Galaxies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We present the results of an intermediate-resolution (1.5 A) spectroscopic study of 17 x-ray luminous narrow emission-line galaxies previously identified in the Cambridge-Cambridge ROSAT Serendipity Survey and the Einstein Extended Medium Sensitivity Surv...

1994-01-01

26

Byron Emerson Wall - John Venn, James Ward, and the Chair of Mental Philosophy and Logic at the University of Cambridge - Journal of the History of Ideas 68:1  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1897, Cambridge University created a professorship in Mental Philosophy and Logic; despite the double name it was filled by a “mental philosopher,” James Ward, who did no work in logic. The chief logician candidate, John Venn, then turned his attention elsewhere, leaving Cambridge without senior leadership in logic. Ward himself turned to other philosophical issues, doing little further original

Byron E. Wall

2007-01-01

27

Cambridge Physics: Past, Present and Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Opened in 1874, the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge is one of the oldest teaching laboratories in England. Researchers at the Laboratory have made key findings regarding the electron, positive rays, and the nucleus. This interactive site was created by staff members at the Cavendish (with the collaboration of the physics department) in order to educate the public about their work and history. First-time visitors should scroll over the boxes on the homepage to learn more about some of their key discoveries as a way of becoming familiarized with their work. Moving on, the "Past, Present, Future" area provides a virtual tour of the Cavendish Laboratory, along with biographies of the key figures who've worked at the Laboratory since the 19th century.

28

Evolution of physics examining 1940-2000 at Cambridge  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Much controversy exists about the supposed changing examination standards. Emphasis has been placed on the standards of GCSE and A-level examinations. However, many large employers recruit graduates, and so university examination standards also deserve attention. Here, Cambridge University Part II (third year undergraduate) examinations in Physics are studied since 1940. Trends in prescriptiveness, choice of questions, and other variables were found.

Roberts, A.; Brown, L. M.

2001-07-01

29

Microsoft Cambridge at TREC9: Filtering Track  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 Summary Apart from a short description of our Query Track contri- bution, this report is concerned with the Adaptive Filter- ing track only. There is a separate report in this volume (1) on the Microsoft Research Cambridge participation in QA track. A number of runs were submitted for the Adaptive Fil- tering track, on all tasks (adaptive filtering, batch

Stephen E. Robertson; Steve Walker

2000-01-01

30

Microsoft Cambridge at TREC 2002: Filtering Track  

Microsoft Academic Search

SW alker † 1 Summary Apart from a short description of our Query Track contri- bution, this report is concerned with the Adaptive Filter- ing track only. There is a separate report in this volume (1)on the Microsoft Research Cambridge participation in QA track. A number of runs were submitted for the Adaptive Fil- tering track, on all tasks (adaptive

Stephen E. Robertson; Steve Walker; Hugo Zaragoza; Ralf Herbrich

2002-01-01

31

The Cambridge Illustrated History of Astronomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Expertly written and lavishly illustrated, The Cambridge Illustrated History of Astronomy offers a unique account of astronomical theory and practice from antiquity to the present day. How did Moslems of the Middle Ages use astronomy to calculate the direction of Mecca from far-flung corners of the Islamic world? Who was the only ancient Greek to suspect that the earth might

Michael Hoskin

1996-01-01

32

The Cambridge Photographic Guide to the Planets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Cambridge Photographic Guide to the Planets includes a broad selection of the latest images of the planets, moons, comets, and asteroids of the Earth's Solar System. Beginning with a comprehensive introduction to the planetary system, its origin and its evolution, physicist Frederick Taylor devotes each chapter to a different planet or Solar System body, with a thorough presentation of

Fredric W. Taylor

2001-01-01

33

77 FR 3118 - Security Zone; Choptank River and Cambridge Channel, Cambridge, MD  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 [Docket No. USCG-2011-1164] RIN 1625-AA87 Security Zone; Choptank River and Cambridge Channel...Coast Guard is establishing a temporary security zone encompassing certain waters of...

2012-01-23

34

Cambridge Elementary students enjoy gift of computers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Children at Cambridge Elementary School, Cocoa, Fla., eagerly unwrap computer equipment donated by Kennedy Space Center. Cambridge is one of 13 Brevard County schools receiving 81 excess contractor computers thanks to an innovative educational outreach project spearheaded by the Nasa k-12 Education Services Office at ksc. Behind the children is Jim Thurston, a school volunteer and retired employee of USBI, who shared in the project. The Astronaut Memorial Foundation, a strategic partner in the effort, and several schools in rural Florida and Georgia also received refurbished computers as part of the year-long project. Ksc employees put in about 3,300 volunteer hours to transform old, excess computers into upgraded, usable units. A total of $90,000 in upgraded computer equipment is being donated.

1999-01-01

35

Investigating the Impact of Cambridge International Assessments on U.S. Stakeholders: Student and Teacher Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of the continuing program to study the impact of its international assessments, the University of Cambridge International Examinations ("Cambridge") has undertaken a series of studies investigating the impact on a range of US stakeholders. This paper reports on research designed to respond to a series of washback and impact questions…

Shaw, Stuart

2011-01-01

36

Teacher's Guide to Accompany the Cambridge Latin Course. Tentative Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide is designed to assist teachers using the "Cambridge Latin Course," a multimedia instructional system developed in the United Kingdom which can be adapted to the needs of pupils of varying backgrounds, ages, and abilities. The Guide focuses on Unit I, the first level of the Cambridge materials. The materials are especially suited to…

Masciantonio, Rudolph

37

40 CFR 81.205 - Zanesville-Cambridge Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Zanesville-Cambridge Intrastate Air Quality Control Region...Regions § 81.205 Zanesville-Cambridge Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. The Zanesville-Cambridge Intrastate Air Quality...

2009-07-01

38

40 CFR 81.205 - Zanesville-Cambridge Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Zanesville-Cambridge Intrastate Air Quality Control Region...Regions § 81.205 Zanesville-Cambridge Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. The Zanesville-Cambridge Intrastate Air Quality...

2010-07-01

39

75 FR 38128 - Sensata Technologies MA, Inc., Power Controls Division, Formerly Known As Airpax Corp., Cambridge...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Division, Formerly Known As Airpax Corp., Cambridge, Maryland, Including Employees of Sensata...Division Formerly Known As Airpax Corp., Cambridge, Maryland Working Off-Site in Falmouth...formerly known as Airpax Corporation, Cambridge, Maryland. The notice will soon...

2010-07-01

40

The Cambridge Illustrated History of Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Expertly written and lavishly illustrated, The Cambridge Illustrated History of Astronomy offers a unique account of astronomical theory and practice from antiquity to the present day. How did Moslems of the Middle Ages use astronomy to calculate the direction of Mecca from far-flung corners of the Islamic world? Who was the only ancient Greek to suspect that the earth might revolve around the sun? How did Christopher Columbus abuse his knowledge of a lunar eclipse predicted by an astronomical almanac? Packed with anecdotes and intriguing detail, this book describes how we observed the sky and interpreted what we saw at different periods of history; how this influenced our beliefs and mythology; and how great astronomers contributed to what we now know. The result is a lively and highly visual history of astronomy - a compelling read for specialists and non-specialists alike.

Hoskin, Michael

41

Factors Affecting Applications to Oxford and Cambridge--Repeat Survey. Executive Summary with Statistics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research follows up a study conducted in 1998 by the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) to investigate teachers' and students' views on the factors affecting students' choices of whether or not to apply to Oxford and Cambridge universities. It identifies what has changed since 1998 and areas in which the universities could…

Ridley, Kate; White, Kerensa; Styles, Ben; Morrison, Jo

2005-01-01

42

78 FR 52802 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Application; Cambridge Isotope Lab  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Controlled Substances; Notice of Application; Cambridge Isotope Lab Pursuant to Sec. 1301.33(a), Title 21 of the Code...CFR), this is notice that on July 01, 2013, Cambridge Isotope Lab, 50 Frontage Road, Andover, Massachusetts 01810,...

2013-08-26

43

Pricing road space: back to the future? The Cambridge experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cambridge is a small free standing city in the UK with a population of 105 000. In recent years it has endured a worsening congestion problem essentially as a result of employment growth within the city and the narrow street layout. This is not a unique problem but one which is particularly acute in historic cities. In 1990, Congestion Metering

Stephen Ison

1996-01-01

44

The Paired Format in the Cambridge Speaking Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent articles in this journal (Foot 1999; Saville and Hargreaves 1999) have focused on the advantages and disadvantages of the paired format of the Cambridge Speaking Tests. This article aims to contribute to the debate by considering how the pairing of candidates may impact upon the language sample produced and could affect the assessment…

Norton, Julie

2005-01-01

45

The Cambridge Primary Review: A Reply to R. J. Campbell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author was disappointed by R. J. Campbell's sour critique of the Cambridge Primary Review in "FORUM" Volume 52 Number 1 2010. His description of the Review's proposals on curriculum and pedagogy as "backward-looking, cumbersome and partial" is such a bizarre misjudgement that it calls for some response. The author comments in turn on R. J.…

Armstrong, Michael

2010-01-01

46

Increased Parental Choice and Effective Desegregation Outcomes: A Cambridge Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a policy adopted in 1981 in Cambridge public schools: No child is assigned to school on the basis of residence, and all parents and students are given the opportunity to gain admission to their preferred desegregated school within the city. Such systemwide, controlled open enrollment is working to prevent resegregation. (GC)

Alves, Michael J.

1984-01-01

47

Environmental Assessment: A Case Study of Cambridge, Massachusetts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project undertaken to advance the systematic analysis of public responses, attitudes, opinions, preferences, and values relating to the environment is discussed in this report, the third in a series of eight. The reports fall into two general categories: five describe and compare responses to representative milieus in New York, Boston, Cambridge

Lowenthal, David

48

77 FR 64143 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration; Cambridge Isotope Lab  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Substances; Notice of Registration; Cambridge Isotope Lab By Notice dated June 18, 2012, and...June 26, 2012, 77 FR 38086, Cambridge Isotope Lab, 50 Frontage Road, Andover, Massachusetts...determined that the registration of Cambridge Isotope Lab to manufacture the listed basic...

2012-10-18

49

Ideology, Class and Rationality: A Critique of Cambridge International Examinations' "Thinking Skills" Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article undertakes a critique of the aims and objectives of "Thinking Skills", one of the most widely and internationally used curricula in the teaching of thinking, offered by the University of Cambridge International Examinations. By engaging in a critical discourse analysis of how political and class biases are (re-)produced in the forms…

Lim, Leonel

2012-01-01

50

James Clerk Maxwell's Cambridge Manuscripts: Extracts Relating to Control and Stability - II.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Maxwell's manuscripts held at Cambridge University Library contain several items of interest from a control or stability point of view. The extract reproduced in Part II consists of a draft of the first half of Maxwell's essay on the stability of the moti...

A. T. Fuller

1981-01-01

51

Applications of the Cambridge Structural Database in chemical education1  

PubMed Central

The Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) is a vast and ever growing compendium of accurate three-dimensional structures that has massive chemical diversity across organic and metal–organic compounds. For these reasons, the CSD is finding significant uses in chemical education, and these applications are reviewed. As part of the teaching initiative of the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC), a teaching subset of more than 500 CSD structures has been created that illustrate key chemical concepts, and a number of teaching modules have been devised that make use of this subset in a teaching environment. All of this material is freely available from the CCDC website, and the subset can be freely viewed and interrogated using WebCSD, an internet application for searching and displaying CSD information content. In some cases, however, the complete CSD System is required for specific educational applications, and some examples of these more extensive teaching modules are also discussed. The educational value of visualizing real three-dimensional structures, and of handling real experimental results, is stressed throughout.

Battle, Gary M.; Ferrence, Gregory M.; Allen, Frank H.

2010-01-01

52

The Cambridge Structural Database in retrospect and prospect.  

PubMed

The Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre (CCDC) was established in 1965 to record numerical, chemical and bibliographic data relating to published organic and metal-organic crystal structures. The Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) now stores data for nearly 700,000 structures and is a comprehensive and fully retrospective historical archive of small-molecule crystallography. Nearly 40,000 new structures are added each year. As X-ray crystallography celebrates its centenary as a subject, and the CCDC approaches its own 50th year, this article traces the origins of the CCDC as a publicly funded organization and its onward development into a self-financing charitable institution. Principally, however, we describe the growth of the CSD and its extensive associated software system, and summarize its impact and value as a basis for research in structural chemistry, materials science and the life sciences, including drug discovery and drug development. Finally, the article considers the CCDC's funding model in relation to open access and open data paradigms. PMID:24382699

Groom, Colin R; Allen, Frank H

2014-01-13

53

Cambridge History of English and American Literature: An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week, Bartleby.com (last reviewed in the December 10, 1999 Scout Report) announced the online publication of all eighteen volumes of the classic Cambridge History of English and American Literature. This excellent free resource "comprises the largest public reference work of literary criticism and history on the Internet." Originally published in 1907-1921, the volumes include 303 chapters and more than 11,000 pages, edited and written by a worldwide panel of 171 leading scholars and thinkers of the early twentieth century. The online version features over 5,600 files, searchable by keyword and browseable by volume, chapter, and section. The electronic Cambridge History also includes chapter and bibliography indexes. Although a bit dated in parts, these eighteen volumes are a valuable, and now easily accessible, research tool for secondary and university students.

54

77 FR 38086 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances, Notice of Application, Cambridge Isotope Lab  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of Controlled Substances, Notice of Application, Cambridge Isotope Lab Pursuant to Sec. 1301.33(a), Title 21 of the Code...Regulations (CFR), this is notice that on May 7, 2012, Cambridge Isotope Lab, 50 Frontage Road, Andover, Massachusetts 01810,...

2012-06-26

55

New software for statistical analysis of Cambridge Structural Database data  

PubMed Central

A collection of new software tools is presented for the analysis of geometrical, chemical and crystallographic data from the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD). This software supersedes the program Vista. The new functionality is integrated into the program Mercury in order to provide statistical, charting and plotting options alongside three-dimensional structural visualization and analysis. The integration also permits immediate access to other information about specific CSD entries through the Mercury framework, a common requirement in CSD data analyses. In addition, the new software includes a range of more advanced features focused towards structural analysis such as principal components analysis, cone-angle correction in hydrogen-bond analyses and the ability to deal with topological symmetry that may be exhibited in molecular search fragments.

Sykes, Richard A.; McCabe, Patrick; Allen, Frank H.; Battle, Gary M.; Bruno, Ian J.; Wood, Peter A.

2011-01-01

56

The Cambridge-Cambridge x-ray serendipity survey. 2: Classification of x-ray luminous galaxies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present the results of an intermediate-resolution (1.5 A) spectroscopic study of 17 x-ray luminous narrow emission-line galaxies previously identified in the Cambridge-Cambridge ROSAT Serendipity Survey and the Einstein Extended Medium Sensitivity Survey. Emission-line ratios reveal that the sample is composed of ten Seyfert and seven starburst galaxies. Measured linewidths for the narrow H alpha emission lines lie in the range 170 - 460 km s(exp -1). Five of the objects show clear evidence for asymmetry in the (OIII) lambda 5007 emission-line profile. Broad H alpha emission is detected in six of the Seyfert galaxies, which range in type from Seyfert 1.5 to 2. Broad H beta emission is only detected in one Seyfert galaxy. The mean full width at half maximum for the broad lines in the Seyfert galaxies is FWHM = 3900 +/- 1750 km s(exp -1). Broad (FWHM = 2200 +/- 600 km s(exp -1) H alpha emission is also detected in three of the starburst galaxies, which could originate from stellar winds or supernovae remnants. The mean Balmer decrement for the sample is H alpha / H beta = 3, consistent with little or no reddening for the bulk of the sample. There is no evidence for any trend with x-ray luminosity in the ratio of starburst galaxies to Seyfert galaxies. Based on our previous observations, it is therefore likely that both classes of object comprise approximately 10 percent of the 2 keV x-ray background.

Boyle, B. J.; Mcmahon, R. G.; Wilkes, B. J.; Elvis, Martin

1994-01-01

57

The Volunteer Health Advisor Program of Cambridge Health Alliance: "A Bridge Between the Community and the Health Care System" Cambridge, Massachusetts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cambridge Health Alliance's Volunteer Health Advisor (VHA) Program was developed to create an effective and cost efficient outreach network to improve community health status. The program's mission is to improve community health by working collaboratively with faith-based and community-based organizations to recruit, train, and support a…

Perspectives in Peer Programs, 2005

2005-01-01

58

A concept in the right place at the wrong time: congestion metering in the city of Cambridge  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early 1990s the concept of congestion metering was considered in the context of the city of Cambridge. A trial was undertaken in October 1993 but it did not proceed beyond this stage. Why was this so? The paper attempts first to outline the reasons why the city of Cambridge presented an ideal opportunity for the implementation of some

Stephen Ison

1998-01-01

59

Provisional Approaches to Goals for School Mathematics; Cambridge Conference on School Mathematics Feasibility Study No. 37.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These materials were written with the aim of reflecting the thinking of Cambridge Conference on School Mathematics (CCSM) regarding the goals and objectives for school mathematics K-6. In view of the experiences of other curriculum groups and of the general discussions since 1963, the present report initiates the next step in evolving the "Goals".…

Cambridge Conference on School Mathematics, Newton, MA.

60

Symmetry Motion Classes; Cambridge Conference on School Mathematics Feasibility Study No. 40.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These materials were written with the aim of reflecting the thinking of The Cambridge Conference on School Mathematics (CCSM) regarding the goals and objectives for school mathematics. This document details the planning and response for each of ten lessons involving symmetry motions. The problems focused on (1) combining motions in a given order,…

McLane, Lyn

61

Curriculum, Pedagogy, and the Cambridge Primary Review: A Response to R. J. Campbell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to R.J. Campbell's critique of the "Cambridge Primary Review," which was published in the autumn of 2009. The author argues that Campbell's description of the "Review's" central proposals on curriculum and pedagogy as "backward-looking and inadequately theorised" is so misjudged as to call for a…

Armstrong, Michael

2011-01-01

62

Legacies, Policies and Prospects: One Year on from the Cambridge Primary Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features the "Cambridge Primary Review." The "Review" has been supported from the beginning by Esmee Fairbairn Foundation, and this has given it the independence which is essential to its credibility. Its remit was to investigate, report and make recommendations on the condition and future of primary education in England. Its scope…

Alexander, Robin

2011-01-01

63

Psychiatry in the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship: An Innovative, Year-Long Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors present what is to their knowledge the first description of a model for longitudinal third-year medical student psychiatry education. Method: A longitudinal, integrated psychiatric curriculum was developed, implemented, and sustained within the Harvard Medical School-Cambridge Integrated Clerkship. Curriculum elements…

Griswold, Todd; Bullock, Christopher; Gaufberg, Elizabeth; Albanese, Mark; Bonilla, Pedro; Dvorak, Ramona; Epelbaum, Claudia; Givon, Lior; Kueppenbender, Karsten; Joseph, Robert; Boyd, J. Wesley; Shtasel, Derri

2012-01-01

64

What To Look for in ESL Admission Tests: Cambridge Certificate Exams, IELTS, and TOEFL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Familiarizes test users with issues to consider when employing assessments for screening and admission purposes. Examines the purpose, content, and scoring methods of three English-as-a-Second-Language admissions tests--the Cambridge certificate exams, International English Language Teaching System, and Test of English as a Foreign…

Chalhoub-Deville, Micheline; Turner, Carolyn E.

2000-01-01

65

Ninth Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems and the Sun  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Grant was used to publish the Proceedings from the Ninth Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun held in Florence, Italy from 3 to 6 October 1995. The Proceedings were published by the Astronomical Society of the Pacific in their Conference Series, Volume 109 in 1996. This volume was edited by Roberto Pallavicini and Andrea K. Dupree. A copy of the title page and the Table of Contents of the volume is appended.

Dupree, Andrea K.

1998-01-01

66

Recent improvements to the Cambridge Arabic Speech-to-Text systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes recent improvements to the Cambridge Arabic Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition (LVSCR) Speech-to-Text (STT) system. It is shown that Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP) features trained on phonetic targets can improve the performance of both phonemic and graphemic systems. Also, a morphological decomposition scheme is extended from the graphemic domain to the phonetic domain, and particular attention is given

Marcus Tomalin; Frank Diehl; Mark J. F. Gales; Junho Park; Philip C. Woodland

2010-01-01

67

Plasma-Surface Interaction Research At The Cambridge Laboratory Of Accelerator Studies Of Surfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The material requirements for plasma-facing components in a nuclear fusion reactor are some of the strictest and most challenging facing us today. These materials are simultaneously exposed to extreme heat loads (20 MW\\/m2 steady-state, 1 GW\\/m2 in millisecond transients) and particle fluxes (>1024 m-2 s-1) while also undergoing high neutron irradiation (1018 neutrons\\/m2 s). At the Cambridge Laboratory of Accelerator

G. M. Wright; H. S. Barnard; Z. S. Hartwig; P. W. Stahle; R. M. Sullivan; K. B. Woller; D. G. Whyte

2011-01-01

68

Plasma-Surface Interaction Research At The Cambridge Laboratory Of Accelerator Studies Of Surfaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The material requirements for plasma-facing components in a nuclear fusion reactor are some of the strictest and most challenging facing us today. These materials are simultaneously exposed to extreme heat loads (20 MW?m2 steady-state, 1 GW?m2 in millisecond transients) and particle fluxes (>1024 m?2 s?1) while also undergoing high neutron irradiation (1018 neutrons?m2 s). At the Cambridge Laboratory of Accelerator

G. M. Wright; H. S. Barnard; Z. S. Hartwig; P. W. Stahle; R. M. Sullivan; K. B. Woller; D. G. Whyte

2011-01-01

69

Cambridge Municipal Airport, Cambridge, Minnesota.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The proposed project contemplates the acquisition of land to permit future construction of a new single runway at the present airport site and to provide for clear zones and related facilities for the runway. Ultimately, the project will include an asphal...

1971-01-01

70

Normal Range of Cambridge Low Contrast Test; a Population Based Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose To determine the range of contrast sensitivity (CS) and its determinants in a normal population, Mashhad, Iran. Methods In this cross-sectional population based study, 4,453 individuals were invited of whom 3,132 persons agreed to participate (response rate, 70.4%). CS data from 2,449 eligible individuals were analyzed. CS was determined using the Cambridge low contrast square-wave grating test, and its associations with age, gender, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and manifest refraction spherical equivalent (MRSE) refractive error, were analyzed. Results Mean age of the participants was 29.1±17.3 (range, 4-89) years and 66.4% were female. Mean CS was 239.6±233.3 and 234.6±228.6 cps in right and left eyes, respectively. Mean binocular CS was 310.9±249.0 cps. Multiple linear regression showed that CS was inversely correlated with older age (?=-1.1, P<0.001), female gender (?=-40.1, P<0.001), poorer BCVA (?=-165.4, P<0.001), and severity of myopia (?=-10.2, P<0.001). Conclusion The normal range of Cambridge low-contrast grating test reported herein may serve as a reference for the general population in Iran. Our findings can be used for both research and clinical applications, particularly for evaluations of the outcomes of refractive surgery. In the current study, CS was lower in older subjects, myopic individuals and patients with lower BCVA.

Ostadimoghaddam, Hadi; Fotouhi, Akbar; Hashemi, Hassan; Yekta, Abbas Ali; Heravian, Javad; Abdolahinia, Tahereh; Norouzi Rad, Reza; Asgari, Soheila; Khabazkhoob, Mehdi

2014-01-01

71

The factors influencing car use in a cycle-friendly city: the case of Cambridge  

PubMed Central

Encouraging people out of their cars and into other modes of transport, which has major advantages for health, the environment and urban development, has proved difficult. Greater understanding of the influences that lead people to use the car, particularly for shorter journeys, may help to achieve this. This paper examines the predictors of car use compared with the bicycle to explore how it may be possible to persuade more people to use the bicycle instead of the car. Multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the socio-demographic, transport and health-related correlates of mode choice for work, shopping and leisure trips in Cambridge, a city with high levels of cycling by UK standards. The key findings are that commuting distance and free workplace parking were strongly associated with use of the car for work trips, and car availability and lower levels of education were associated with car use for leisure, shopping and short-distanced commuting trips. The case of Cambridge shows that more policies could be adopted, particularly a reduction in free car parking, to increase cycling and reduce the use of the car, especially over short distances.

Carse, Andrew; Goodman, Anna; Mackett, Roger L.; Panter, Jenna; Ogilvie, David

2013-01-01

72

NewsMars: Express journey to Mars ASE 2003: Knocked out by meteorites Events: Sun-Earth Day ASE 2003: Fun Physics - popular as ever Appointments: Sykes to bring science to the people UK Science Education: The future's bright, the future's science ASE 2003: A grand finale for Catherine Teaching Resources: UK goes to the planets Cambridge Physics Update: Basement physics Conferences: Earth Science Teachers' Association Conference 2003 New Website: JESEI sets sail GIREP: Teacher education seminar Malaysia: Rewards for curriculum change Cambridge Physics Update: My boomerang will come back! Teaching Resources: Widening particiption through ideas and evidence with the University of Surrey Wales: First Ffiseg Events: Nuna: Solar car on tour Physics on Stage: Physics on Stage 3 embraces life Symposium: In what sense a nuclear 'debate'? Gifted and Talented: Able pupils experiencing challenging science Australia: ISS flies high Down Under  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mars: Express journey to Mars ASE 2003: Knocked out by meteorites Events: Sun-Earth Day ASE 2003: Fun Physics - popular as ever Appointments: Sykes to bring science to the people UK Science Education: The future's bright, the future's science ASE 2003: A grand finale for Catherine Teaching Resources: UK goes to the planets Cambridge Physics Update: Basement physics Conferences: Earth Science Teachers' Association Conference 2003 New Website: JESEI sets sail GIREP: Teacher education seminar Malaysia: Rewards for curriculum change Cambridge Physics Update: My boomerang will come back! Teaching Resources: Widening particiption through ideas and evidence with the University of Surrey Wales: First Ffiseg Events: Nuna: Solar car on tour Physics on Stage: Physics on Stage 3 embraces life Symposium: In what sense a nuclear 'debate'? Gifted and Talented: Able pupils experiencing challenging science Australia: ISS flies high Down Under

2003-03-01

73

Better Management for Better Schools: A Review of the Structure and Functions of the Central Office of Cambridge Public Schools. Advisory Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report reviews the structure and functions of the Central Office of Cambridge Public Schools, Massachusetts. During the 1990s, the Cambridge school system and other Massachusetts school districts faced intense pressure to raise student achievement in the face of redefined public expectations for public schools. This change in expectations is…

Spence, Lewis H.

74

Factors Affecting Reservoir and Stream-Water Quality in the Cambridge, Massachusetts, Drinking-Water Source Area and Implications for Source-Water Protection.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of a study conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts, Water Department, to assess reservoir and tributary-stream quality in the Cambridge drinking water source area, ...

M. C. Waldron G. C. Bent

2001-01-01

75

[Screening for depersonalization-derealization with two items of the cambridge depersonalization scale].  

PubMed

Depersonalization (DP) and derealization (DR) are considered to be highly underdiagnosed. Therefore the development of screening instruments is important. From the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale (CDS) two items were extracted discriminating best patients with clinical significant DP from patients without DP. These two Items were assembled to a short version of the CDS. This short version (CDS-2) was tested in a sample of 38 patients with clinical significant DP-DR and 49 patients without or only mild DP-DR. Scores were compared against clinical diagnoses based on a structured interview (gold standard). The CDS-2 was able to differentiate patients with clinical significant DP well from other groups (cut-off of CDS-2>or=3, sensitivity=78.9%, specifity=85.7%) and also showed high reliability (Cronbachs alpha=0.92). Therefore the CDS-2 can be considered as a useful tool for screening and identification of DP-DR. PMID:19544244

Michal, Matthias; Zwerenz, Rüdiger; Tschan, Regine; Edinger, Jens; Lichy, Marcel; Knebel, A; Tuin, Inka; Beutel, Manfred

2010-05-01

76

Asian Influenza in 1963 in Two General Practices in Cambridge, England  

PubMed Central

A clinical, epidemiological and virological investigation was conducted on patients in two general practices in Cambridge, England, during an influenza epidemic between February and April 1963. The epidemiological pattern differed from that of the 1957-58 Asian influenza epidemic in that the overall incidence was considerably lower (3.2%) and that the highest attack rates were not in school children but in pre-school children (71.5 per 1000 persons). Virological investigation confirmed the diagnosis of Influenza A2 infection in 56 of 63 patients (89%). Isolations were made in 29 of 51 specimens tested. Serological studies revealed that the complement fixation test was more reliable than hemagglutination - inhibition or neutralization tests. Clinical features resembled those reported in previous epidemics, cough, headache and limb pains being prominent features.

Banatvala, J. E.; Reiss, B. B.; Anderson, T. B.; Nitkin, Betty C.

1965-01-01

77

State Control, Religious Deference and Cultural Reproduction: Some Problems with Theorising Curriculum and Pedagogy in the Cambridge Primary Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a critique of the quality of theorising underlying proposals on curriculum and pedagogy in the Cambridge Primary Review. Despite its strengths, the review is seen as omitting consideration of three major areas in primary education: gifted pupils, teacher effectiveness research and the private sector. Questions are raised about…

Campbell, R. J.

2011-01-01

78

State control, religious deference and cultural reproduction: some problems with theorising curriculum and pedagogy in the Cambridge Primary Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article offers a critique of the quality of theorising underlying proposals on curriculum and pedagogy in the Cambridge Primary Review. Despite its strengths, the review is seen as omitting consideration of three major areas in primary education: gifted pupils, teacher effectiveness research and the private sector. Questions are raised about the review's use of evidence about a broad and

R. J. Campbell

2011-01-01

79

M-DCPS Student Performance in International Baccalaureate and Cambridge Advanced International Certificate of Education Programs. Research Brief. Volume 1102  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Research Brief summarizes the performance of M-DCPS students participating in the International Baccalaureate (IB) and Cambridge Advanced International Certificate of Education (AICE) programs. Outcome data are provided for the eight M-DCPS schools offering the two programs and corresponding examinations. Participation in international…

Blazer, Christie

2011-01-01

80

A survey on worries of pregnant women - testing the German version of the Cambridge Worry Scale  

PubMed Central

Background Pregnancy is a transition period in a woman's life characterized by increased worries and anxiety. The Cambridge Worry Scale (CWS) was developed to assess the content and extent of maternal worries in pregnancy. It has been increasingly used in studies over recent years. However, a German version has not yet been developed and validated. The aim of this study was (1) to assess the extent and content of worries in pregnancy on a sample of women in Germany using a translated and adapted version of the Cambridge Worry Scale, and (2) to evaluate the psychometric properties of the German version. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study and enrolled 344 pregnant women in the federal state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Women filled out structured questionnaires that contained the CWS, the Spielberger-State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory (STAI), as well as questions on their obstetric history. Antenatal records were also analyzed. Results The CWS was well understood and easy to fill in. The major worries referred to the process of giving birth (CWS mean value 2.26) and the possibility that something might be wrong with the baby (1.99), followed by coping with the new baby (1.57), going to hospital (1.29) and the possibility of going into labour too early (1.28). The internal consistency of the scale (0.80) was satisfactory, and we found a four-factor structure, similar to previous studies. Tests of convergent validity showed that the German CWS represents a different construct compared with state and trait anxiety but has the desired overlap. Conclusions The German CWS has satisfactory psychometric properties. It represents a valuable tool for use in scientific studies and is likely to be useful also to clinicians.

2009-01-01

81

Testing the Cambridge Quality Checklists on a review of disrupted families and crime  

PubMed Central

Background Systematic reviews of the relationship between non-manipulated factors (e.g. low empathy) and offending are becoming more common, and it is important to consider the methodological quality of studies included in such reviews. Aims To assess aspects of the reliability and validity of the Cambridge Quality Checklists, a set of three measures for examining the methodological quality of studies included in systematic reviews of risk factors for offending. Methods All 60 studies in a systematic review of disrupted families and offending were coded on the CQC and codes compared with the effect sizes derived from the studies. Results Overall, the CQC was easy to score, and the relevant information was available in most studies. The scales had high inter-rater reliability. Only 13 studies scored high on the Checklist of Correlates, 18 scored highly on the Checklist of Risk Factors and none scored highly on the Checklist of Causal Risk Factors. Generally, studies that were of lower quality had higher effect sizes. Conclusions The CQC could be a useful method of assessing the methodological quality of studies of risk factors for offending but might benefit from additional conceptual work, changes to the wording of some scales and additional levels for scoring. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Jolliffe, Darrick; Murray, Joseph; Farrington, David; Vannick, Claire

2012-01-01

82

Factor structure of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale in trauma-exposed college students.  

PubMed

This study examined the factor structure of the Cambridge Depersonalization Scale (CDS; M. Sierra & G. E. Berrios, 2000 ), a 29-item self-report measure of depersonalization. The CDS was based on a conceptualization of depersonalization as a multidimensional construct, a theoretical perspective that has received limited empirical attention. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted on CDS item scores in a sample of 534 trauma-exposed college students. Results failed to support factor structures of the CDS previously reported in the literature and instead supported a 2-factor solution, with 1 factor representing a sense of unreality and detachment and a 2nd factor representing emotional and physical numbing. Implications regarding the structural validity of the CDS are discussed. [Supplementary material is available for this article. Go to the publisher's online edition of Journal of Trauma & Dissociation for the following resource: Four tables with the following information: inter-correlations among CDS items from Samples 1 and 2; Sierra et al. (2005 ) four-factor model and Simeon et al. (2008 ) five-factor model estimated factor loadings, covariances, and R-square in Sample 1; Factor loadings for 3-7 factor EFA models in Sample 1; and estimated factor loadings for one-factor CFA model in Sample 2.]. PMID:23627478

Blevins, Christy A; Witte, Tracy K; Weathers, Frank W

2013-01-01

83

Bone anchored hearing aids: a second fixture reduces auditory deprivation in Cambridge.  

PubMed

Bone anchored hearing aids are well established for canal atresia, otosclerosis and chronic suppurative otitis media. Refinements in technique to maximise gain while keeping the complications to a minimum are desirable. This study was taken up in order to explore the potential advantage of a second or spare fixture placed at the time of primary surgery. A group of patients who underwent BAHA insertion at The Emmeline Centre for Cochlear Implants and Bone Anchored Hearing Aids, Addenbrookes hospital, Cambridge, UK with the placement of a spare fixture between 1999 and 2002 were compared to those patients with one fixture BAHA undertaken from 1991. Main outcome measures were complications encountered and duration of disability, (i.e. loss of hearing while waiting for new fixture placement). Both groups had similar incidence of complications, but the group with two fixtures suffered a shorter period of disability when a fixture failed. In our experience the use of second or spare fixture reduces the duration of disability. It engenders no additional complications with minimal extra cost. PMID:17415580

Durvasula, V S P; Patel, H; Mahendran, S; Gray, R F

2007-09-01

84

Using a neural network to proximity correct patterns written with a Cambridge electron beam microfabricator 10.5 lithography system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This letter describes the initial results of using a theoretical determination of the proximity function and an adaptively trained neural network to proximity-correct patterns written on a Cambridge electron beam lithography system. The methods described are complete and may be applied to any electron beam exposure system that can modify the dose during exposure. The patterns produced in resist show the effects of proximity correction versus noncorrected patterns.

Cummings, K. D.; Frye, R. C.; Rietman, E. A.

1990-10-01

85

A Robust Method of Measuring Other-Race and Other-Ethnicity Effects: The Cambridge Face Memory Test Format  

PubMed Central

Other-race and other-ethnicity effects on face memory have remained a topic of consistent research interest over several decades, across fields including face perception, social psychology, and forensic psychology (eyewitness testimony). Here we demonstrate that the Cambridge Face Memory Test format provides a robust method for measuring these effects. Testing the Cambridge Face Memory Test original version (CFMT-original; European-ancestry faces from Boston USA) and a new Cambridge Face Memory Test Chinese (CFMT-Chinese), with European and Asian observers, we report a race-of-face by race-of-observer interaction that was highly significant despite modest sample size and despite observers who had quite high exposure to the other race. We attribute this to high statistical power arising from the very high internal reliability of the tasks. This power also allows us to demonstrate a much smaller within-race other ethnicity effect, based on differences in European physiognomy between Boston faces/observers and Australian faces/observers (using the CFMT-Australian).

McKone, Elinor; Stokes, Sacha; Liu, Jia; Cohan, Sarah; Fiorentini, Chiara; Pidcock, Madeleine; Yovel, Galit; Broughton, Mary; Pelleg, Michel

2012-01-01

86

A robust method of measuring other-race and other-ethnicity effects: the Cambridge Face Memory Test format.  

PubMed

Other-race and other-ethnicity effects on face memory have remained a topic of consistent research interest over several decades, across fields including face perception, social psychology, and forensic psychology (eyewitness testimony). Here we demonstrate that the Cambridge Face Memory Test format provides a robust method for measuring these effects. Testing the Cambridge Face Memory Test original version (CFMT-original; European-ancestry faces from Boston USA) and a new Cambridge Face Memory Test Chinese (CFMT-Chinese), with European and Asian observers, we report a race-of-face by race-of-observer interaction that was highly significant despite modest sample size and despite observers who had quite high exposure to the other race. We attribute this to high statistical power arising from the very high internal reliability of the tasks. This power also allows us to demonstrate a much smaller within-race other ethnicity effect, based on differences in European physiognomy between Boston faces/observers and Australian faces/observers (using the CFMT-Australian). PMID:23118912

McKone, Elinor; Stokes, Sacha; Liu, Jia; Cohan, Sarah; Fiorentini, Chiara; Pidcock, Madeleine; Yovel, Galit; Broughton, Mary; Pelleg, Michel

2012-01-01

87

The Cambridge Bachelor of Medicine (MB)/Doctor of Philosophy (PhD): graduate outcomes of the first MB/PhD programme in the UK.  

PubMed

We reviewed outcomes of the Cambridge Bachelor of Medicine (MB)/Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) programme for the period 1989-2010. Of the 90 alumni contacted, 80 (89%; 24 women) completed an anonymous questionnaire. Thirty were academic staff and 35 were in general professional (core) or higher medical training. Of the latter, 11 were specialty registrars, six were academic clinical fellows and three held academic foundation year posts. Eight alumni were overseas, including five in North America. Most (95%) respondents considered that their academic career goals were facilitated by the programme. Sixty-eight of the 80 alumni had conducted further research, 63 (79%) were active in research, and 90% had explicit plans for further full-time research. Twelve graduates had further substantive research support (six clinician scientist awards and three senior fellowships) and two were Wellcome Trust postdoctoral MB/PhD fellows. Alumni included two full university professors, one reader, six senior lecturers, two assistant professors and nine university clinical lecturers. MB/PhD programmes offer an alternative training pathway for clinician-scientists in UK medical schools: the Cambridge programme promotes scientific discovery and sustained academic development within the context of contemporary medicine and clinical practice. PMID:23342406

Cox, Timothy M; Brimicombe, James; Wood, Diana F; Peters, D Keith

2012-12-01

88

Evaluation of a brief anti-stigma campaign in Cambridge: do short-term campaigns work?  

PubMed Central

Background In view of the high costs of mass-media campaigns, it is important to understand whether it is possible for a media campaign to have significant population effects over a short period of time. This paper explores this question specifically in reference to stigma and discrimination against people with mental health problems using the Time to Change Cambridge anti-stigma campaign as an example. Methods 410 face-to-face interviews were performed pre, during and post campaign activity to assess campaign awareness and mental health-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviours. Results Although campaign awareness was not sustained following campaign activity, significant and sustained shifts occurred for mental health-related knowledge items. Specifically, there was a 24% (p < 0.001) increase in persons agreeing with the statement: If a friend had a mental health problem, I know what advice to give them to get professional help, following the campaign. Additionally, for the statement: Medication can be an effective treatment for people with mental health problems, there was a 10% rise (p = 0.05) in the proportion of interviewees responding 'agree' or 'strongly agree' following the campaign. These changes, however, were not evident for attitudinal or behaviour related questions. Conclusions Although these results only reflect the impact of one small scale campaign, these preliminary findings suggest several considerations for mass-media campaign development and evaluation strategies such as: (1) Aiming to influence outcomes pertaining to knowledge in the short term; (2) Planning realistic and targeted outcomes over the short, medium and long term during sustained campaigns; and (3) Monitoring indirect campaign effects such as social discourse or other social networking/contact in the evaluation.

2010-01-01

89

Test well DO-CE 88 at Cambridge, Dorchester County, Maryland  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Test well DO-CE 88 at Cambridge, Maryland, penetrated 3,299 feet of unconsolidated Quaternary, Tertiary and Cretaceous sediments and bottomed in quartz-monzonite gneiss. The well was drilled to provide data for a study of the aquifer system of the northern Atlantic Coastal Plain. Twenty-one core samples were collected. Six sand zones were tested for aquifer properties and sampled for ground-water chemistry. Point-water heads were measured at seven depths. Environmental heads (which ranged from - 18.33 to + 44.16 feet relative to sea level)indicate an upward component of flow. A temperature log showed a maximum temperature of 41.9 degrees Celsius and a mean temperature gradient of 0.00838 degrees Celsius per foot. The water analyses delineated the freshwater-saltwater transition zone between 2,650 and 3,100 feet. The ground water changes progressively downward from a sodium bicarbonate to a sodium chloride character. Clays in the analyzed core samples belong to the montmorillonite and kaolinite groups, and mean cation exchange capacity ranged from 8.3 to 38.9 milliequivalents per 100 grams. Vertical and horizontal hydraulic conductivities measured in cores ranged from 1.5 x 10 6 to 1.3 feet per day and from 7.3 x 10 -6 to 1.3 feet per day, respectively, but the most permeable sands were not cored. Porosity was 1.5 percent in the quartz monzonite bedrock and ranged from 22.4 to 41 percent in the overlying sediments. Transmissivities from aquifer tests ranged from 25 to 850 feet squared per day; horizontal hydraulic conductivities ranged from.2.5 to 85 feet squared per day, and intrinsic permeabilities ranged from 0.8 to 23 micrometers squared. Fossils identified in core samples include palynomorphs, dinoflagellates, and foraminifers.

Trapp, Henry, Jr.; Knobel, Leroy L.; Meisler, Harold; Leahy, P. Patrick

1984-01-01

90

Hydrologic, Water-Quality, and Meteorological Data for the Cambridge, Massachusetts, Drinking-Water Source Area, Water Year 2006  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Records of water quantity, water quality, and meteorological parameters were continuously collected from three reservoirs, two primary streams, and four subbasin tributaries in the Cambridge, Massachusetts, drinking-water source area during water year 2006 (October 2005 through September 2006). Water samples were collected during base-flow conditions and storms in the subbasins of the Cambridge Reservoir and Stony Brook Reservoir drainage areas and analyzed for dissolved calcium, sodium, chloride, and sulfate; total nitrogen and phosphorus; and polar pesticides and metabolites. These data were collected to assist watershed administrators in managing the drinking-water source area and to identify potential sources of contaminants and trends in contaminant loading to the water supply. Monthly reservoir contents for the Cambridge Reservoir varied from about 59 to 98 percent of capacity during water year 2006, while monthly reservoir contents for the Stony Brook Reservoir and the Fresh Pond Reservoir was maintained at greater than 83 and 94 percent of capacity, respectively. If water demand is assumed to be 15 million gallons per day by the city of Cambridge, the volume of water released from the Stony Brook Reservoir to the Charles River during the 2006 water year is equivalent to an annual water surplus of about 127 percent. Recorded precipitation in the source area was about 16 percent greater for the 2006 water year than for the previous water year and was between 12 and 73 percent greater than for any recorded amount since water year 2002. The monthly mean specific-conductance values for all continuously monitored stations within the drinking-water source area were generally within the range of historical data collected since water year 1997, and in many cases were less than the historical medians. The annual mean specific conductance of 738 uS/cm (microsiemens per centimeter) for water discharged from the Cambridge Reservoir was nearly identical to the annual mean specific conductance for water year 2005 which was 737 uS/cm. However, the annual mean specific conductance at Stony Brook near Route 20 in Waltham (U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) station 01104460), on the principal tributary to the Stony Brook Reservoir, and at USGS station 01104475 on a smaller tributary to the Stony Brook Reservoir were about 15 and 13 percent lower, respectively, than the previous annual mean specific conductances of 538 and 284 uS/cm, respectively for water year 2005. The annual mean specific conductance for Fresh Pond Reservoir decreased from 553 uS/cm in the 2005 water year to 514 uS/cm in the 2006 water year. Water samples were collected in nearly all of the subbasins in the Cambridge drinking-water source area and from Fresh Pond during water year 2006. Discrete water samples were collected during base-flow conditions with an antecedent dry period of at least 4 days. Composite samples, consisting of as many as 100 subsamples, were collected by automatic samplers during storms. Concentrations of most dissolved constituents were generally lower in samples of stormwater than in samples collected during base flow; however, the average concentration of total phosphorus in samples of stormwater were from 160 to 1,109 percent greater than the average concentration in water samples collected during base-flow conditions. Concentrations of total nitrogen in water samples collected during base-flow conditions and composite samples of stormwater at USGS stations 01104415, 01104460, and 01104475 were similar, but mean concentrations of total nitrogen in samples of stormwater differed by about 0.5 mg/L (milligrams per liter) from those in water samples collected during base-flow conditions at U.S. Geological Survey stations 01104433 and 01104455. In six water samples, measurements of pH were lower than the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) national recommended freshwater quality criteria and the USEPA secondary drinking water-standa

Smith, Kirk P.

2008-01-01

91

Hydrologic, Water-Quality, and Meteorological Data for the Cambridge, Massachusetts, Drinking-Water Source Area, Water Year 2005  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Records of water quantity, water quality, and meteorological parameters were continuously collected from three reservoirs, two primary streams, and four subbasin tributaries in the Cambridge, Massachusetts, drinking-water source area during water year 2005 (October 2004 through September 2005). Water samples were collected during base-flow conditions and storms in the subbasins of the Cambridge Reservoir and Stony Brook Reservoir drainage areas and analyzed for selected elements, organic constituents, suspended sediment, and Escherichia coli bacteria. These data were collected to assist watershed administrators in managing the drinking-water source area and to identify potential sources of contaminants and trends in contaminant loading to the water supply. Monthly reservoir capacities for the Cambridge Reservoir varied from about 59 to 98 percent during water year 2005, while monthly reservoir capacities for the Stony Brook Reservoir and the Fresh Pond Reservoir were maintained at capacities greater than 84 and 96 percent, respectively. Assuming a water demand of 15 million gallons per day by the city of Cambridge, the volume of water released from the Stony Brook Reservoir to the Charles River during the 2005 water year is equivalent to an annual water surplus of about 119 percent. Recorded precipitation in the source area for the 2005 water year was within 2 inches of the total annual precipitation for the previous 2 water years. The monthly mean specific conductances for the outflow of the Cambridge Reservoir were similar to historical monthly mean values. However, monthly mean specific conductances for Stony Brook near Route 20, in Waltham (U.S. Geological Survey station 01104460), which is the principal tributary feeding the Stony Brook Reservoir, were generally higher than the medians of the monthly mean specific conductances for the period of record. Similarly, monthly mean specific conductances for a small tributary to Stony Brook (U.S. Geological Survey station 01104455) were generally higher than the medians of the monthly mean specific conductances for the period of record. The annual mean specific conductance for Fresh Pond Reservoir increased from 514 microsiemens per centimeter (?S/cm) in the 2004 water year to 553 ?S/cm for the 2005 water year. Water samples were collected from four tributaries during base-flow and stormflow conditions in December 2004, and July, August, and September 2005 and analyzed for suspended sediment, 6 major dissolved ions, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, 8 total metals, 18 polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), 61 pesticides and metabolites, and Escherichia coli bacteria. Concentrations for most dissolved constituents in samples of stormwater were generally lower than the concentrations observed in samples collected during base flow; however, concentrations of total phosphorus, PAHs, suspended sediment, and some total recoverable metals were substantially greater in stormwater samples. Concentrations of dissolved chloride and total recoverable manganese in water samples collected during base-flow conditions from three tributaries exceeded the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) secondary drinking water standards of 250 and 0.05 milligrams per liter (mg/L), respectively. Concentrations of total recoverable manganese exceeded the secondary drinking water standard in samples of stormwater from each tributary. Concentrations of total recoverable iron in water samples exceeded the (USEPA) secondary drinking water standard of 0.3 mg/L periodically in water samples collected at (USEPA) stations 01104415, 01104455, and 01104475, and consistently in all water samples collected at USGS station 01104433. Concentrations of Escherichia coli bacteria in water samples collected during base flow ranged from 4 to 1,400 colony-forming units per 100 milliliters (col/100mL). Concentrations of Escherichia coli bacteria in composite samples of stormwater ranged between 1,700 to 43,000 c

Smith, Kirk P.

2007-01-01

92

Healthy travel and the socio-economic structure of car commuting in Cambridge, UK: A mixed-methods analysis  

PubMed Central

Car use is associated with substantial health and environmental costs but research in deprived populations indicates that car access may also promote psychosocial well-being within car-oriented environments. This mixed-method (quantitative and qualitative) study examined this issue in a more affluent setting, investigating the socio-economic structure of car commuting in Cambridge, UK. Our analyses involved integrating self-reported questionnaire data from 1142 participants in the Commuting and Health in Cambridge study (collected in 2009) and in-depth interviews with 50 participants (collected 2009–2010). Even in Britain's leading ‘cycling city’, cars were a key resource in bridging the gap between individuals' desires and their circumstances. This applied both to long-term life goals such as home ownership and to shorter-term challenges such as illness. Yet car commuting was also subject to constraints, with rush hour traffic pushing drivers to start work earlier and with restrictions on, or charges for, workplace parking pushing drivers towards multimodal journeys (e.g. driving to a ‘park-and-ride’ site then walking). These patterns of car commuting were socio-economically structured in several ways. First, the gradient of housing costs made living near Cambridge more expensive, affecting who could ‘afford’ to cycle and perhaps making cycling the more salient local marker of Bourdieu's class distinction. Nevertheless, cars were generally affordable in this relatively affluent, highly-educated population, reducing the barrier which distance posed to labour-force participation. Finally, having the option of starting work early required flexible hours, a form of job control which in Britain is more common among higher occupational classes. Following a social model of disability, we conclude that socio-economic advantage can make car-oriented environments less disabling via both greater affluence and greater job control, and in ways manifested across the full socio-economic range. This suggests the importance of combining individual-level ‘healthy travel’ interventions with measures aimed at creating travel environments in which all social groups can pursue healthy and satisfying lives.

Goodman, Anna; Guell, Cornelia; Panter, Jenna; Jones, Natalia R.; Ogilvie, David

2012-01-01

93

Contrast Sensitivity—An Unnoticed Factor of Visual Perception in Children with Developmental Delay: Normal Data of the Cambridge Low Contrast Gratings Test in Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contrast sensitivity is one of several factors necessary to obtain good visual quality. The aim of this study was to develop normal data on the Cambridge Low Contrast Gratings test in children and to compare these data with data from a group of children with developmental delay. Ninety-nine normal children (aged 2-14 years) and 146 children with developmental delay were

Lisbeth Sandfeld Nielsen; Sidse Kringelholt Nielsen; Liselotte Skov; Hanne Jensen

2007-01-01

94

Trajectories of Offending and Their Relation to Life Failure in Late Middle Age: Findings from the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have hypothesized that over the life course, criminal offending varies with problems in other domains, including life failure and physical and mental health. To examine this issue, the authors use data from the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development, a prospective longitudinal survey of 411 South London males first studied at age 8…

Piquero, Alex R.; Farrington, David P.; Nagin, Daniel S.; Moffitt, Terrie E.

2010-01-01

95

Teaching Three-Dimensional Structural Chemistry Using Crystal Structure Databases. 3. The Cambridge Structural Database System: Information Content and Access Software in Educational Applications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parts 1 and 2 of this series described the educational value of experimental three-dimensional (3D) chemical structures determined by X-ray crystallography and retrieved from the crystallographic databases. In part 1, we described the information content of the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) and discussed a representative teaching subset of…

Battle, Gary M.; Allen, Frank H.; Ferrence, Gregory M.

2011-01-01

96

Teaching Three-Dimensional Structural Chemistry Using Crystal Structure Databases. 4. Examples of Discovery-Based Learning Using the Complete Cambridge Structural Database  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parts 1 and 2 of this series described the educational value of experimental three-dimensional (3D) chemical structures determined by X-ray crystallography and retrieved from the crystallographic databases. In part 1, we described the information content of the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) and discussed a representative teaching subset of…

Battle, Gary M.; Allen, Frank H.; Ferrence, Gregory M.

2011-01-01

97

Surface-water, water-quality, and meteorological data for the Cambridge, Massachusetts, drinking-water source area, water years 2007-08  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water samples were collected in nearly all of the subbasins in the Cambridge drinking-water source area and from Fresh Pond during the study period. Discrete water samples were collected during base-flow conditions with an antecedent dry period of at least 3 days. Composite sampl

Smith, Kirk P.

2011-01-01

98

Shuttle Astronauts Visit NASA's X-Ray Observatory Operations Control Center in Cambridge to Coordinate Plans for Launch  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CAMBRIDGE, MASS.-- June 25, 1998 Eileen Collins, the first U.S. woman commanderof a Space Shuttle mission and her fellow astronauts for NASA s STS-93 mission toured the Operations Control Center (OCC) for the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF) today. AXAF is scheduled for launch on January 26, 1999 aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia. They met with the staff of the OCC and discussed how the status of the observatory will be monitored while in the shuttle bay and during deployment. "We are honored to have this historic shuttle crew visit us and familiarize themselves with the OCC," said Harvey Tananbaum, director of the AXAF Science Center, which operates the OCC for the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory through a contract with NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center. "It is appropriate that a pathbreaking shuttle mission will deploy the premier X-ray observatory of this century." AXAF is the third of NASA s Great Observatories along with the Hubble Space Telescope and the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory. It will observe in greater detail than ever before the hot, violent regions of the universe that cannot be seen with optical telescopes. Exploding stars, black holes and vast clouds of gas in galaxy clusters are among the fascinating objects that AXAF is designed to study. The satellite is currently in the final stages of testing at TRW Space and Electronics Group,the prime contractor, in Redondo Beach, California. In late August it will be flown aboard a specially-outfitted Air Force C-5 aircraft to Kennedy Space Center in Florida where it will be integrated with a Boeing booster and then installed in the Shuttle bay. The shuttle crew that will take AXAF into space includes Collins (Col., USAF), Jeffrey Ashby (Cmdr., USN), pilot; Steven Hawley, Ph.D., mission specialist; Catherine Cady Coleman, Ph.D. (Major, USAF), mission specialist; and Michel Tognini (Col., French Air Force), mission specialist. While visiting the OCC the crew learned how critical data (temperatures, voltages, etc.,) will be monitored while AXAF is in the bay of the shuttle. This information will be relayed to the shuttle from the OCC via Johnson Space Center. The condition of the satellite during launch and the first few orbits will determine if it can be sent on its way. Unlike the Hubble Space telescope, AXAF will not be serviceable after it is in orbit. When the satellite has been released into space from the shuttle bay, a built in propulsion system will boost it into a large elliptical orbit around Earth. The nearest the observatory will come to Earth is 6,200 miles and its furthest point will be more than a third of the way to the moon. This means that the telescope will have approximately 52 hours of observing time each orbit. AXAF images will show fifty times more detail than any previous X-ray telescope. The revolutionary telescope combines the ability to make sharp images while measuring precisely the energies of X-rays coming from cosmic sources. The impact AXAF will have on X-ray astronomy can be compared to the difference between a fuzzy black and white and a sharp color picture.

1998-06-01

99

Children's Discourse: Person, Space and Time across Languages. Cambridge Studies in Linguistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This original comparative study explores two central questions in the study of first language acquisition: What is the relative impact of structural and functional determinants? What is universal versus language-specific during development? The study addresses these questions in three domains of child language: reference to entities, the…

Hickmann, Maya

100

EDITORIAL: Proceedings of the 12th Gravitational Wave Data Analysis Workshop (GWDAW 12), Cambridge, MA, USA, 13 16 December 2007  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It was a great pleasure and an honor for us to host the 12th Gravitational Wave Data Analysis Workshop (GWDAW) at MIT and the LIGO Laboratory in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the place where this workshop series started in 1996. This time the conference was held at the conference facilities of the Royal Sonesta Hotel in Cambridge from 13 16 December, 2007. This 12th GWDAW found us with the ground interferometers having just completed their most sensitive search for gravitational waves and as they were starting their preparation to bring online and/or propose more sensitive instruments. Resonant mass detectors continued to observe the gravitational wave sky with instruments that have been operating now for many years. LISA, the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna, was recently reviewed by NASA's Beyond Einstein Program Assessment Committee (BEPAC) convened by the National Research Council (NRC) and found that 'on purely scientific grounds LISA is the mission that is the most promising and least scientifically risky…thus, the committee gave LISA its highest scientific ranking'. Even so, JDEM, the Joint Dark Energy Mission, was identified to go first, with LISA following a few years after. New methods, analysis ideas, results from the analysis of data collected by the instruments, as well as Mock Data Challenges for LISA were reported in this conference. While data from the most recent runs of the instruments are still being analyzed, the first upper limit results show how even non-detection statements can be interesting astrophysics. Beyond these traditional aspects of GWDAW though, for the first time in this workshop we tried to bring the non-gravitational wave physics and astronomy community on board in order to present, discuss and propose ways to work together as we pursue the first detection of gravitational waves and as we hope to transition to gravitational wave astronomy in the near future. Overview talks by colleagues leading observations in the electromagnetic and particle spectrum, from what is expected to be common sources of gravitational and electromagnetic radiation as well as neutrinos, have created great excitement, lively discussions and have given birth to collaborations for joint analyses and observations. A special thank you to our non-gravitational wave presenters and participants for making the time to join us. We hope this will be the beginning of a long tradition for this workshop. In this workshop we also introduced the student prize for the best poster. Twenty student posters participated in this competition. Pinkesh Patel of Caltech was the prize winner on a 'Resampling Technique to Calculate the F-statistic', co-authored with X Siemens and R Dupuis. We are grateful to the MIT Kavli Institute for providing the financial support for the cash prize that accompanied this. We would like to thank the local and international organizing committees for putting together a great scientific program, all the conference presenters and participants and finally the CQG editorial staff for making this conference proceeding volume happen.

Hughes, S.; Katsavounidis, E.

2008-09-01

101

Development and validation of a preference based measure derived from the Cambridge Pulmonary Hypertension Outcome Review (CAMPHOR) for use in cost utility analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Pulmonary Hypertension is a severe and incurable disease with poor prognosis. A suite of new disease-specific measures - the\\u000a Cambridge Pulmonary Hypertension Outcome Review (CAMPHOR) - was recently developed for use in this condition. The purpose\\u000a of this study was to develop and validate a preference based measure from the CAMPHOR that could be used in cost-utility analyses.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Items were

Stephen P McKenna; Julie Ratcliffe; David M Meads; John E Brazier

2008-01-01

102

Potential reductions of street solids and phosphorus in urban watersheds from street cleaning, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2009-11  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Material accumulating and washing off urban street surfaces and ultimately into stormwater drainage systems represents a substantial nonpoint source of solids, phosphorus, and other constituent loading to waterways in urban areas. Cost and lack of usable space limit the type and number of structural stormwater source controls available to municipalities and other public managers. Non-structural source controls such as street cleaning are commonly used by cities and towns for construction, maintenance and aesthetics, and may reduce contaminant loading to waterways. Effectiveness of street cleaning is highly variable and potential improvements to water quality are not fully understood. In 2009, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts, and initiated a study to better understand the physical and chemical nature of the organic and inorganic solid material on street surfaces, evaluate the performance of a street cleaner at removing street solids, and make use of the Source Loading and Management Model (SLAMM) to estimate potential reductions in solid and phosphorus loading to the lower Charles River from various street-cleaning technologies and frequencies. Average yield of material on streets collected between May and December 2010, was determined to be about 740 pounds per curb-mile on streets in multifamily land use and about 522 pounds per curb-mile on commercial land-use streets. At the end-of-winter in March 2011, about 2,609 and 4,788 pounds per curb-mile on average were collected from streets in multifamily and commercial land-use types, respectively. About 86 percent of the total street-solid yield from multifamily and commercial land-use streets was greater than or equal to 0.125 millimeters in diameter (or very fine sand). Observations of street-solid distribution across the entire street width indicated that as much as 96 percent of total solids resided within 9 feet of the curb. Median accumulation rates of street solids and median washoff of street solids after rainstorms on multifamily and commercial land-use streets were also similar at about 33 and 22 pounds per curb-mile per day, and 35 and 40 percent, respectively. Results indicate that solids on the streets tested in Cambridge, Mass., can recover to pre-rainstorm yields within 1 to 3 days after washoff. The finer grain-size fractions tended to be more readily washed from the roadway surfaces during rainstorms. Street solids in the coarsest grain-size fraction on multifamily streets indicated an average net increase following rainstorms and are likely attributed to debris run-on from trees, lawns, and other plantings commonly found in residential areas. In seven experiments between May and December 2010, the median removal efficiency of solids from street surfaces following a single pass by a regenerative-air street cleaner was about 82 percent on study sites in the multifamily land-use streets and about 78 percent on the commercial land-use streets. Median street-solid removal efficiency increased with increasing grain size. This type of regenerative-air street cleaner left a median residual street-solid load on the street surface of about 100 pounds per curb-mile. Median concentrations of organic carbon and total phosphorus (P) on multifamily streets were about 35 and 29 percent greater, respectively, than those found on commercial streets. The median total mass of organic carbon and total P in street solids on multifamily streets was 68 and 75 percent greater, respectively, than those found on commercial streets. More than 87 percent of the mass of total P was determined to be in solids greater than or equal to 0.125 millimeters in diameter for both land-use types. The median total accumulation rate for total P on multifamily streets was about 5 times greater than on commercial streets. Total P accumulation in the medium grain-size fraction was nearly the same for streets within both land-use types at 0.004 p

Sorenson, Jason R.

2013-01-01

103

Hydrogen-bond landscapes, geometry and energetics of squaric acid and its mono- and dianions: a Cambridge Structural Database, IsoStar and computational study.  

PubMed

As part of a programme of work to extend central-group coverage in the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre's (CCDC) IsoStar knowledge base of intermolecular interactions, we have studied the hydrogen-bonding abilities of squaric acid (H2SQ) and its mono- and dianions (HSQ(-) and SQ(2-)) using the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD) along with dispersion-corrected density functional theory (DFT-D) calculations for a range of hydrogen-bonded dimers. The -OH and -C=O groups of H2SQ, HSQ(-) and SQ(2-) are potent donors and acceptors, as indicated by their hydrogen-bond geometries in available crystal structures in the CSD, and by the attractive energies calculated for their dimers with acetone and methanol, which were used as model acceptors and donors. The two anions have sufficient examples in the CSD for their addition as new central groups in IsoStar. It is also shown that charge- and resonance-assisted hydrogen bonds involving H2SQ and HSQ(-) are similar in strength to those made by carboxylate COO(-) acceptors, while hydrogen bonds made by the dianion SQ(2-) are somewhat stronger. The study reinforces the value of squaric acid and its anions as cocrystal formers and their actual and potential importance as isosteric replacements for carboxylic acid and carboxylate functions. PMID:24056361

Allen, Frank H; Cruz-Cabeza, Aurora J; Wood, Peter A; Bardwell, David A

2013-10-01

104

Level II scour analysis for Bridge 53 (CAMBTH00750053) on Town Highway 75, crossing the Brewster River, Cambridge, Vermont  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report provides the results of a detailed Level II analysis of scour potential at structure CAMBTH00750053 on Town Highway 75 crossing the Brewster River, Cambridge, Vermont (figures 1–8). A Level II study is a basic engineering analysis of the site, including a quantitative analysis of stream stability and scour (U.S. Department of Transportation, 1993). Results of a Level I scour investigation also are included in Appendix E of this report. A Level I investigation provides a qualitative geomorphic characterization of the study site. Information on the bridge, gleaned from Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTAOT) files, was compiled prior to conducting Level I and Level II analyses and is found in Appendix D. The site is in the Green Mountain section of the New England physiographic province in northwestern Vermont. The 4.30-mi2 drainage area is in a predominantly rural and forested basin. In the vicinity of the study site, the surface cover is forest, except for the downstream right overbank area which has a barn surrounded by grass and shrubs. In the study area, the Brewster River has an incised, straight channel with a slope of approximately 0.05 ft/ft, an average channel top width of 62 ft and an average bank height of 12 ft. The channel bed material ranges from gravel to boulder with a median grain size (D50) of 84.4 mm (0.277 ft). The geomorphic assessment at the time of the Level I and Level II site visit on July 11, 1995, indicated that the reach was stable. The Town Highway 75 crossing of the Brewster River is a 28-ft-long, two-lane bridge consisting of one 24-foot concrete tee-beam span (Vermont Agency of Transportation, written communication, March 8, 1995). The opening length of the structure parallel to the bridge face is 22.4 ft. The bridge is supported by vertical, concrete abutments with wingwalls. The channel is skewed approximately 40 degrees to the opening while the opening-skew-to-roadway as surveyed is 10 degrees. A scour hole 1 ft deeper than the mean thalweg depth was observed along the left abutment during the Level I assessment. The scour counter-measures at the site included type-3 stone fill (less than 48 inches diameter) along the entire base length of the upstream left wingwall. There was also type-4 stone fill (less than 60 inches diameter) along the downstream end of the downstream right wingwall. Additional details describing conditions at the site are included in the Level II Summary and Appendices D and E. Scour depths and recommended rock rip-rap sizes were computed using the general guidelines described in Hydraulic Engineering Circular 18 (Richardson and others, 1995). Total scour at a highway crossing is comprised of three components: 1) long-term streambed degradation; 2) contraction scour (due to accelerated flow caused by a reduction in flow area at a bridge) and; 3) local scour (caused by accelerated flow around piers and abutments). Total scour is the sum of the three components. Equations are available to compute depths for contraction and local scour and a summary of the results of these computations follows. Contraction scour for all modelled flows ranged from 1.1 to 1.4 ft. The worst-case contraction scour occurred at the 100-year discharge. Abutment scour ranged from 10.7 to 17.3 ft. The worst-case abutment scour occurred at the 500-year discharge. Additional information on scour depths and depths to armoring are included in the section titled “Scour Results”. Scoured-streambed elevations, based on the calculated scour depths, are presented in tables 1 and 2. A cross-section of the scour computed at the bridge is presented in figure 8. Scour depths were calculated assuming an infinite depth of erosive material and a homogeneous particle-size distribution. It is generally accepted that the Froehlich equation (abutment scour) gives “excessively conservative estimates of scour depths” (Richardson and others, 1995, p. 47). Usually, computed scour depths are evaluated in combination with other information including (but not limited to) historical performance duri

Ivanoff, Michael A.; Hammond, Robert E.

1997-01-01

105

Level II scour analysis for Bridge 28 (CAMBTH00460028) on Town Highway 46, crossing the Seymour River, Cambridge, Vermont  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report provides the results of a detailed Level II analysis of scour potential at structure CAMBTH00460028 on Town Highway 46 crossing the Seymour River, Cambridge, Vermont (figures 1–8). A Level II study is a basic engineering analysis of the site, including a quantitative analysis of stream stability and scour (U.S. Department of Transportation, 1993). Results of a Level I scour investigation also are included in Appendix E of this report. A Level I investigation provides a qualitative geomorphic characterization of the study site. Information on the bridge, gleaned from Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTAOT) files, was compiled prior to conducting Level I and Level II analyses and is found in Appendix D. The site is in the Green Mountain section of the New England physiographic province in northwestern Vermont. The 9.94-mi2 drainage area is in a predominantly rural and forested basin. In the vicinity of the study site, the surface cover is pasture while the immediate banks have dense woody vegetation. In the study area, the Seymour River has an incised, straight channel with a slope of approximately 0.02 ft/ft, an average channel top width of 81 ft and an average bank height of 5 ft. The channel bed material ranges from gravel to boulder with a median grain size (D50) of 62.0 mm (0.204 ft). The geomorphic assessment at the time of the Level I and Level II site visit on July 11, 1995, indicated that the reach was stable. The Town Highway 46 crossing of the Seymour River is a 38-ft-long, one-lane bridge consisting of one 33-foot steel-beam span (Vermont Agency of Transportation, written communication, March 8, 1995). The opening length of the structure parallel to the bridge face is 30.6 ft.The bridge is supported by vertical, concrete abutments with wingwalls. The channel is skewed approximately 5 degrees to the opening while the measured opening-skew-to-roadway is 10 degrees. A scour hole 0.2 ft deeper than the mean thalweg depth was observed along the upstream right wingwall and right abutment during the Level I assessment. The only scour protection measure at the site was type-1 stone fill (less than 12 inches diameter) along the upstream left road embankment. Additional details describing conditions at the site are included in the Level II Summary and Appendices D and E. Scour depths and recommended rock rip-rap sizes were computed using the general guidelines described in Hydraulic Engineering Circular 18 (Richardson and others, 1995) for the 100- and 500-year discharges. In addition, the incipient roadway-overtopping discharge is determined and analyzed as another potential worst-case scour scenario. Total scour at a highway crossing is comprised of three components: 1) long-term streambed degradation; 2) contraction scour (due to accelerated flow caused by a reduction in flow area at a bridge) and; 3) local scour (caused by accelerated flow around piers and abutments). Total scour is the sum of the three components. Equations are available to compute depths for contraction and local scour and a summary of the results of these computations follows. Contraction scour for all modelled flows ranged from 0.0 to 0.8 ft. The worst-case contraction scour occurred at the incipient roadway-overtopping discharge. Left abutment scour ranged from 4.2 to 4.9 ft. The worst-case left abutment scour occurred at the 500-year discharge. Right abutment scour ranged from 8.8 to 9.7 ft. The worst-case right abutment scour occurred at the incipient roadway-overtopping discharge. Additional information on scour depths and depths to armoring are included in the section titled “Scour Results”. Scoured-streambed elevations, based on the calculated scour depths, are presented in tables 1 and 2. A cross-section of the scour computed at the bridge is presented in figure 8. Scour depths were calculated assuming an infinite depth of erosive material and a homogeneous particle-size distribution. It is generally accepted that the Froehlich equation (abutment scour) gives “excessively conservative estimates of scour depths” (Rich

Ivanoff, Michael A.

1997-01-01

106

Documentation for the machine-readable version of the Fourth Cambridge Radio Survey Catalogue (4C) (Pilkington, Gower, Scott and Wills 1965, 1967)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The machine readable catalogue contains survey data from the papers of Pilkington and Scott and Gower, Scott and Wills. These data result from a survey of radio sources between declinations -07 deg and +80 deg using the large Cambridge interferometer at 178 MHz. The computerized catalog contains for each source the 4C number, 1950 position, measured flux density, and accuracy class. For some sources miscellaneous brief comments such as cross identifications to the 3C catalog or remarks on contamination from nearby sources are given at the ends of the data records. A detailed description of the machine readable catalog as it is currently being distributed by the Astronomical Data Center is given to enable users to read and process the data.

Warren, W. H., Jr.

1983-01-01

107

The Polish Collection at the Alliance College Library in Cambridge Springs, PA: The Origins of the Collection in 1950, Its Rapid Development in the 1970's and the Introduction of the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) in 1982.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay outlines the development, present condition, and future direction of the 20,000-volume Polish research collection at Alliance College, located in Cambridge Springs, Pennsylvania. Alliance College was founded in 1912 by the Polish National Alliance (PNA), a life insurance fraternal organization. In 1931 its entire library collection was…

Kozaczka, Stanley J.

108

Psychological impact of screening for type 2 diabetes: controlled trial and comparative study embedded in the ADDITION (Cambridge) randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To quantify the psychological impact of primary care based stepwise screening for type 2 diabetes. Design Controlled trial and comparative study embedded in a randomised controlled trial. Setting 15 practices (10 screening, five control) in the ADDITION (Cambridge) trial in the east of England. Participants 7380 adults (aged 40-69) in the top fourth for risk of having undiagnosed type 2 diabetes (6416 invited for screening, 964 controls). Interventions Invited for screening for type 2 diabetes or not invited (controls), incorporating a comparative study of subgroups of screening attenders. Attenders completed questionnaires after a random blood glucose test and at 3-6 months and 12-15 months later. Controls were sent questionnaires at corresponding time points. Non-attenders were sent questionnaires at 3-6 months and 12-15 months. Main outcome measures State anxiety (Spielberger state anxiety inventory), anxiety and depression (hospital anxiety and depression scale), worry about diabetes, and self rated health. Results No significant differences were found between the screening and control participants at any time—for example, difference in means (95% confidence intervals) for state anxiety after the initial blood glucose test was ?0.53, ?2.60 to 1.54, at 3-6 months was 1.51 (?0.17 to 3.20), and at 12-15 months was 0.57, ?1.11 to 2.24. After the initial test, compared with participants who screened negative, those who screened positive reported significantly poorer general health (difference in means ?0.19, ?0.25 to ?0.13), higher state anxiety (0.93, ?0.02 to 1.88), higher depression (0.32, 0.08 to 0.56), and higher worry about diabetes (0.25, 0.09 to 0.41), although effect sizes were small. Small but significant trends were found for self rated health across the screening subgroups at 3-6 months (P=0.047) and for worry about diabetes across the screen negative groups at 3-6 months and 12-15 months (P=0.001). Conclusions Screening for type 2 diabetes has limited psychological impact on patients. Implementing a national screening programme based on the stepwise screening procedure used in the ADDITION (Cambridge) trial is unlikely to have significant consequences for patients' psychological health. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN99175498.

Griffin, Simon J; Prevost, A Toby; Kinmonth, Ann-Louise; French, David P; Sutton, Stephen

2007-01-01

109

The conquest of vitalism or the eclipse of organicism? The 1930s Cambridge organizer project and the social network of mid-twentieth-century biology.  

PubMed

In the 1930s, two concepts excited the European biological community: the organizer phenomenon and organicism. This essay examines the history of and connection between these two phenomena in order to address the conventional 'rise-and-fall' narrative that historians have assigned to each. Scholars promoted the 'rise-and-fall' narrative in connection with a broader account of the devitalizing of biology through the twentieth century. I argue that while limited evidence exists for the 'fall of the organizer concept' by the 1950s, the organicism that often motivated the organizer work had no concomitant fall--even during the mid-century heyday of molecular biology. My argument is based on an examination of shifting social networks of life scientists from the 1920s to the 1970s, many of whom attended or corresponded with members of the Cambridge Theoretical Biology Club (1932-1938). I conclude that the status and cohesion of these social networks at the micro scale was at least as important as macro-scale conceptual factors in determining the relative persuasiveness of organicist philosophy. PMID:24941735

Peterson, Erik

2014-06-01

110

Comparison of the Diagnostic Accuracy of Neuropsychological Tests in Differentiating Alzheimer's Disease from Mild Cognitive Impairment: Can the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Be Better than the Cambridge Cognitive Examination?  

PubMed Central

Objective Considering the lack of studies on measures that increase the diagnostic distinction between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and on the role of the Cambridge Cognitive Examination (CAMCOG) in this, our study aims to compare the utility of the CAMCOG, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in helping to differentiate AD from MCI in elderly people with >4 years of schooling. Method A total of 136 elderly subjects – 39 normal controls as well as 52 AD patients and 45 MCI patients treated at the Institute of Geriatrics and Gerontology, Porto Alegre, Brazil – were assessed using the MMSE, CAMCOG, clock drawing test (CDT), verbal fluency test (VF), Geriatric Depression Scale and Pfeffer Functional Activities Questionnaire. Results The results obtained by means of a receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the MoCA is a better screening test for differentiating elderly subjects with AD from those with MCI than the CAMCOG and MMSE as well as other tests such as the CDT and VF. Conclusion The MoCA, more than the CAMCOG and the other tests, was shown to be able to differentiate AD from MCI, although, as Roalf et al. [Alzheimers Dement 2013;9:529-537] pointed out, further studies might lead to measures that will improve this differentiation.

Martinelli, Jose Eduardo; Cecato, Juliana Francisca; Bartholomeu, Daniel; Montiel, Jose Maria

2014-01-01

111

Associations between active commuting and physical activity in working adults: Cross-sectional results from the Commuting and Health in Cambridge study  

PubMed Central

Objective To quantify the association between time spent in active commuting and in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a sample of working adults living in both urban and rural locations. Methods In 2009, participants in the Commuting and Health in Cambridge study were sent questionnaires enquiring about sociodemographic characteristics and weekly time spent in active commuting. They were also invited to wear an accelerometer for seven days. Accelerometer data were used to compute the time spent in MVPA. Multiple regression models were used to examine the association between time spent in active commuting and MVPA. Results 475 participants (70% female) provided valid data. On average, participants recorded 55 (SD: 23.02) minutes of MVPA per day. For women, reporting 150 or more minutes of active commuting per week was associated with an estimated 8.50 (95% CI: 1.75 to 51.26, p = 0.01) additional minutes of daily MVPA compared to those who reported no time in active commuting. No overall associations were found in men. Conclusions Promoting active commuting might be an important way of increasing levels of physical activity, particularly in women. Further research should assess whether increases in time spent in active commuting are associated with increases in physical activity.

Yang, Lin; Panter, Jenna; Griffin, Simon J.; Ogilvie, David

2012-01-01

112

Reduction of De Novo Postsurgical Adhesions by Intraoperative Precoating with Sepracoat (HAL-C) Solution: A Prospective, Randomized, Blinded, Placebo-Controlled Multicenter Study ? ? Sepracoat and HAL-C are trademarks; they are the property of Genzyme Corporation, Cambridge, Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of Sepracoat (HAL-C; Genzyme Corporation, Cambridge, MA) solution in reducing the incidence, severity, and extent of de novo adhesion formation at sites without direct surgical trauma or adhesiolysis at the time of gynecologic laparotomy.Design: Prospective, randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled multicenter study. Patients underwent gynecologic procedures via laparotomy; approximately 40 days later, surgeons assessed their

Michael P. Diamond

1998-01-01

113

Thinking about a 'Marshall Plan' for Eastern Europe. Summary of a Conference. Held in Cambridge, Massachusetts on February 10, 1990.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A February 1990 conference at Harvard University focused on the future role of U.S. foreign assistance in Central and Eastern Europe, taking into account the needs of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Romania. The document summarizes conferen...

1990-01-01

114

Changes in physical activity and modelled cardiovascular risk following diagnosis of diabetes: 1-year results from the ADDITION-Cambridge trial cohort  

PubMed Central

Aims To describe change in physical activity over 1 year and associations with change in cardiovascular disease risk factors in a population with screen-detected Type 2 diabetes. Methods Eight hundred and sixty-seven individuals with screen-detected diabetes underwent measurement of self-reported physical activity, cardiovascular disease risk factors and modelled cardiovascular disease risk at baseline and 1 year (n = 736) in the ADDITION-Cambridge trial. Multiple linear regression was used to quantify the association between change in different physical activity domains and cardiovascular disease risk factors at 1 year. Results There was no change in self-reported physical activity over 12 months. Even relatively large changes in physical activity were associated with relatively small changes in cardiovascular disease risk factors after allowing for changes in self-reported medication and diet. For every 30 metabolic equivalent-h increase in recreational activity (equivalent to 10 h/brisk walking/week), there was an average reduction of 0.1% in HbA1c in men (95% CI ?0.15 to ?0.01, P = 0.021) and an average reduction of 2 mmHg in systolic blood pressure in women (95% CI ?4.0 to ?0.05, P = 0.045). Conclusions Few associations were observed between change in different physical activity domains and cardiovascular disease risk factors in this trial cohort. Cardiovascular disease risk reduction appeared to be driven largely by factors other than changes in self-reported physical activity in the first year following diagnosis.

Barakat, A; Williams, K M; Prevost, A T; Kinmonth, A-L; Wareham, N J; Griffin, S J; Simmons, R K

2013-01-01

115

Are people with negative diabetes screening tests falsely reassured? Parallel group cohort study embedded in the ADDITION (Cambridge) randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Objective To assess whether receiving a negative test result at primary care based stepwise diabetes screening results in false reassurance. Design Parallel group cohort study embedded in a randomised controlled trial. Setting 15 practices (10 screening, 5 control) in the ADDITION (Cambridge) trial. Participants 5334 adults (aged 40-69) in the top quarter for risk of having undiagnosed type 2 diabetes (964 controls and 4370 screening attenders). Main outcome measures Perceived personal and comparative risk of diabetes, intentions for behavioural change, and self rated health measured after an initial random blood glucose test and at 3-6 and 12-15 months later (equivalent time points for controls). Results A linear mixed effects model with control for clustering by practice found no significant differences between controls and people who screened negative for diabetes in perceived personal risk, behavioural intentions, or self rated health after the first appointment or at 3-6 months or 12-15 months later. After the initial test, people who screened negative reported significantly (but slightly) lower perceived comparative risk (mean difference ?0.16, 95% confidence interval ?0.30 to ?0.02; P=0.04) than the control group at the equivalent time point; no differences were evident at 3-6 and 12-15 months. Conclusions A negative test result at diabetes screening does not seem to promote false reassurance, whether this is expressed as lower perceived risk, lower intentions for health related behavioural change, or higher self rated health. Implementing a widespread programme of primary care based stepwise screening for type 2 diabetes is unlikely to cause an adverse shift in the population distribution of plasma glucose and cardiovascular risk resulting from an increase in unhealthy behaviours arising from false reassurance among people who screen negative. Trial registration Current controlled trials ISRCTN99175498.

2009-01-01

116

Correlates of Reported and Recorded Time Spent in Physical Activity in Working Adults: Results from the Commuting and Health in Cambridge Study  

PubMed Central

Background The correlates of physical activity in adults are relatively well studied. However, many studies use self-reported (‘reported’) measures of activity and we know little about the possible differences between the correlates of reported and objective (‘recorded’) measures of physical activity. We compared the correlates of reported and recorded time spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a sample of working adults. Methods In 2009, participants in the Commuting and Health in Cambridge study completed questionnaires assessing individual, socio-demographic, health and contextual characteristics. Recorded time spent in MVPA over seven days was ascertained using accelerometers and reported time spent in MVPA was assessed using the Recent Physical Activity Questionnaire (RPAQ). Correlates of MVPA were investigated using sex-specific linear regression models. Results 486 participants (70% women) provided both reported and recorded physical activity data. 89% recorded at least 30 minutes of MVPA per day. In men, none of the potential explanatory variables were associated with both reported and recorded time spent in MVPA. In women, of all the potential explanatory variables only that of having a standing or manual occupation was associated with both reported (+42 min/day; 95% CI 16.4 to 68.4, p?=?0.001) and recorded (+9 min/day; 95% CI: 3.5 to 15.7, p?=?0.002) time spent in MVPA. Discussion The use of an objective measure of physical activity may influence the correlates which are observed. Researchers may wish to consider using and analysing recorded and reported measures in combination to gain a more complete view of the correlates of physical activity.

Panter, Jenna; Griffin, Simon; Ogilvie, David

2012-01-01

117

Water-quality conditions, and constituent loads and yields in the Cambridge drinking-water source area, Massachusetts, water years 2005–07  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The source water area for the drinking-water supply of the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts, encompasses major transportation corridors, as well as large areas of light industrial, commercial, and residential land use. Because of ongoing development in the drinking-water source area, the Cambridge water supply has the potential to be affected by a wide variety of contaminants. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has monitored surface-water quality in the Hobbs Brook and Stony Brook Basins, which compose the drinking-water source area, since 1997 (water year 1997) through continuous monitoring and discrete sample collection and, since 2004, through systematic collection of streamwater samples during base-flow and stormflow conditions at five primary sampling stations in the drinking-water source area. Four primary sampling stations are on small tributaries in the Hobbs Brook and Stony Brook Basins; the fifth primary sampling station is on the main stem of Stony Brook and drains about 93 percent of the Cambridge drinking-water source area. Water samples also were collected at six secondary sampling stations, including Fresh Pond Reservoir, the final storage reservoir for the raw water supply. Storm runoff and base-flow concentrations of calcium (Ca), chloride (Cl), sodium (Na), and sulfate (SO4) were estimated from continuous records of streamflow and specific conductance for six monitoring stations, which include the five primary sampling stations. These data were used to characterize current water-quality conditions, estimate loads and yields, and describe trends in Cl and Na in the tributaries and main-stem streams in the Hobbs Brook and Stony Brook Basins. These data also were used to describe how streamwater quality is affected by various watershed characteristics and provide information to guide future watershed management. Water samples were analyzed for physical properties and concentrations of Ca, Cl, Na, and SO4, total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), caffeine, and a suite of 59 polar pesticides. Values of physical properties and constituent concentrations varied widely, particularly in samples from tributaries. Median concentrations of Ca, Cl, Na, and SO4 in samples collected in the Hobbs Brook Basin (39.8, 392, 207, and 21.7 milligrams per liter (mg/L), respectively) were higher than those for the Stony Brook Basin (17.8, 87.7, 49.7, and 14.7 mg/L, respectively). These differences in major ion concentrations are likely related to the low percentages of developed land and impervious area in the Stony Brook Basin. Concentrations of dissolved Cl and Na in samples, and those estimated from continuous records of specific conductance (particularly during base flow), often were greater than the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) secondary drinking-water guideline for Cl (250 mg/L), the chronic aquatic-life guideline for Cl (230 mg/L), and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs drinking-water guideline for Na (20 mg/L). Mean annual flow-weighted concentrations of Ca, Cl, and Na were generally positively correlated with the area of roadway land use in the subbasins. Correlations between mean annual concentrations of Ca and SO4 in base flow and total roadway, total impervious, and commercial-industrial land uses were statistically significant. Concentrations of TN (range of 0.42 to 5.13 mg/L in all subbasins) and TP (range of 0.006 to 0.80 mg/L in all subbasins) in tributary samples did not differ substantially between the Hobbs Brook and Stony Brook Basins. Concentrations of TN and TP in samples collected during water years 2004–07 exceeded proposed reference concentrations of 0.57 and 0.024 mg/L, in 94 and 56 percent of the samples, respectively. Correlations between annual flow-weighted concentrations of TN and percentages of recreational land use and water-body area were statistically significant; however, no significant relation was found between TP and available land-use information. The volume of streamflow affected water-quality conditions at the pri

Smith, Kirk P.

2013-01-01

118

Screening for type 2 diabetes and population mortality over 10 years (ADDITION-Cambridge): a cluster-randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Summary Background The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes poses a major public health challenge. Population-based screening and early treatment for type 2 diabetes could reduce this growing burden. However, uncertainty persists around the benefits of screening for type 2 diabetes. We assessed the effect of a population-based stepwise screening programme on mortality. Methods In a pragmatic parallel group, cluster-randomised trial, 33 general practices in eastern England were randomly assigned by the method of minimisation in an unbalanced design to: screening followed by intensive multifactorial treatment for people diagnosed with diabetes (n=15); screening plus routine care of diabetes according to national guidelines (n=13); and a no-screening control group (n=5). The study population consisted of 20?184 individuals aged 40–69 years (mean 58 years), at high risk of prevalent undiagnosed diabetes, on the basis of a previously validated risk score. In screening practices, individuals were invited to a stepwise programme including random capillary blood glucose and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) tests, a fasting capillary blood glucose test, and a confirmatory oral glucose tolerance test. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. All participants were flagged for mortality surveillance by the England and Wales Office of National Statistics. Analysis was by intention-to-screen and compared all-cause mortality rates between screening and control groups. This study is registered, number ISRCTN86769081. Findings Of 16?047 high-risk individuals in screening practices, 15?089 (94%) were invited for screening during 2001–06, 11?737 (73%) attended, and 466 (3%) were diagnosed with diabetes. 4137 control individuals were followed up. During 184?057 person-years of follow up (median duration 9·6 years [IQR 8·9–9·9]), there were 1532 deaths in the screening practices and 377 in control practices (mortality hazard ratio [HR] 1·06, 95% CI 0·90–1·25). We noted no significant reduction in cardiovascular (HR 1·02, 95% CI 0·75–1·38), cancer (1·08, 0·90–1·30), or diabetes-related mortality (1·26, 0·75–2·10) associated with invitation to screening. Interpretation In this large UK sample, screening for type 2 diabetes in patients at increased risk was not associated with a reduction in all-cause, cardiovascular, or diabetes-related mortality within 10 years. The benefits of screening might be smaller than expected and restricted to individuals with detectable disease. Funding Wellcome Trust; UK Medical Research Council; National Health Service research and development support; UK National Institute for Health Research; University of Aarhus, Denmark; Bio-Rad.

Simmons, Rebecca K; Echouffo-Tcheugui, Justin B; Sharp, Stephen J; Sargeant, Lincoln A; Williams, Kate M; Prevost, A Toby; Kinmonth, Ann Louise; Wareham, Nicholas J; Griffin, Simon J

2012-01-01

119

Buckling of structures; Proceedings of the Symposium, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., June 17-21, 1974  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The papers deal with such topics as the buckling and post-buckling behavior of plates and shells; methods of calculating critical buckling and collapse loads; finite element representations for thin-shell instability analysis; theory and experiment in the creep buckling of plates and shells; creep instability of thick shell structures; analytical and numerical studies of the influence of initial imperfections on the elastic buckling of columns; mode interaction in stiffened panels under compression; imperfection-sensitivity in the interactive buckling of stiffened plates; buckling of stochastically imperfect structures; and the Liapunov stability of elastic dynamic systems. A special chapter is devoted to design problems, including the design of a Mars entry 'aeroshell', and buckling design in vehicle structures. Individual items are announced in this issue.

Budiansky, B.

1976-01-01

120

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Space  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Foreword; Preface; List of figures; 1. The environment of outer space; 2. Orbits; 3. Ground tracks; 4. The occupation of space; 5. Launchers and launch sites; 6. Political and economic aspects; 7. Near-Earth science missions; 8. Exploration beyond geocentric orbit; 9. Earth observation; 10. Telecommunications; 11. Military applications; 12. Man in space; Bibliography; Internet sites; Index.

Verger, Fernand; Sourbčs-Verger, Isabelle; Ghirardi, Raymond; Pasco, With contributions by Xavier; Logsdon, Foreword by John M.; Lyle, Translated by Stephen; Reilly, Paul

2003-08-01

121

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Space  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the lift-off of Sputnik in 1957, over 8,000 satellites and spacecraft have been launched from over thirty countries, costing hundreds of billions of dollars. While only about 350 people have made the incredible journey beyond our atmosphere, we all benefit in countless ways from the missions. An authoriative and accessible source that collects information on man's quest to explore

Fernand Verger; Isabelle Sourbčs-Verger; Raymond Ghirardi

2003-01-01

122

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Meteorites  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, meteorites have caught the imagination of scientist and collector alike. An army of people are now actively searching for them in the hot and cold deserts of Earth. Fascinating extraterrestrial rocks in meteorites are our only contact with materials from beyond the Earth-Moon system. Using well known petrologic techniques, O. Richard Norton reveals in vivid color their

O. Richard Norton

2002-01-01

123

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Meteorites  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, meteorites have caught the imagination of scientist and collector alike. An army of people are now actively searching for them in the hot and cold deserts of Earth. Fascinating extraterrestrial rocks in meteorites are our only contact with materials from beyond the Earth-Moon system. Using well known petrologic techniques, O. Richard Norton reveals in vivid color their extraordinary external and internal structures and taking readers to the atomic level, describes the environment within the solar nebula that existed before the planets accreted. Extensively illustrated, this volume is a valuable guide to assist searchers in the field in recognizing the many classes of meteorites and it is a superb reference source for students, teachers and scientists who wish to probe deeper these amazing rocks from space. O. Richard Norton is a contributing editor for Meteorite magazine and the author of The Planetarium and Atmospherium and Rocks from Space (Mountain Press, 1998). For the last 40 years, he has taught astronomy and space sciences at various US institutions.

Norton, O. Richard

2002-03-01

124

RFID solution benefits Cambridge hospital.  

PubMed

Keeping track of thousands of pieces of equipment in a busy hospital environment is a considerable challenge, but, according to RFID tagging and asset tracking specialist, Harland Simon, RFID technology can make the task considerably simpler. Here Andrew James, the company's RFID sales manager, describes the positive benefits the technology has brought the Medical Equipment Library (MEL) at Addenbrooke's Hospital, one of the world's most famous teaching hospitals. PMID:24341115

James, Andrew

2013-10-01

125

Analysis of N-H···O hydrogen bonds in new C(O)-NH-P(O)-based phosphoric triamides and analogous structures deposited in the Cambridge Structural Database.  

PubMed

Five new compounds belonging to the phosphoric triamide family have been synthesized: two of them with the formula XC(O)NHP(O)Y [X = CF3 (1) and CClF2 (2), Y = NHCH2C(CH3)2CH2NH] involving a 1,3-diazaphosphorinane ring part, and three 2,6-Cl2C6H3C(O)NHP(O)Z2 phosphoric triamides [Z = NHC(CH3)3 (3), N(CH3)(C6H11) (4) and N(CH3)(CH2C6H5) (5)]. The characterization was performed by (31)P{(1)H}, (1)H, (13)C NMR, IR spectroscopy besides (19)F NMR for fluorine containing compounds (1) and (2), and X-ray single-crystal structure analysis for (1), (3), (4) and (5). In each molecule the P atom has a distorted tetrahedral environment. The N atoms bonded to P atom have mainly sp(2) character with a very slight tendency to a pyramidal coordination for some amido groups. Different types of N-H···O hydrogen bonds have been analyzed for (1), (3), (4) and (5) and 118 other structures (including 194 hydrogen bonds) deposited in the Cambridge Structural Database, containing either C(O)-NH-P(O)[N(C)(C)]2 or C(O)-NH-P(O)[NH(C)]2. The participation of N(CP)-H···O=P [N(CP) = the nitrogen atom of the C(O)-NH-P(O) fragment], N-H···O=P, N-H···O=C and N(CP)-H···O=C hydrogen bonds in different hydrogen-bonded motifs are discussed. Moreover, the involvement of the O atoms of C=O or P=O in the [N(CP)-H][N-H]···O=P, [N-H]2···O=P, [N-H]2···O=C and [N-H]3···O=C groups are considered. A histogram of N···O distances, the distribution of N-H···O angles and the scatterplot of N-H···O angles versus N···O distances are studied. PMID:23719705

Pourayoubi, Mehrdad; Toghraee, Maryam; Divjakovic, Vladimir; van der Lee, Arie; Mancilla Percino, Teresa; Leyva Ramírez, Marco A; Saneei, Anahid

2013-04-01

126

University Choice: What Influences the Decisions of Academically Successful Post-16 Students?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The questionnaire survey reported in this paper is part of an ongoing evaluation of the effect of a bursary scheme on recruitment to Cambridge University. It sought to identify factors that encouraged or discouraged highly successful A Level students from applying to Cambridge. Findings reveal three main dimensions associated with the decision to…

Whitehead, Joan M.; Raffan, John; Deaney, Rosemary

2006-01-01

127

Involving the Business Sector in Community/University Partnerships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how Lesley University's School of Management, an "Implementing Urban Missions" grantee, developed partnerships with the local business community and community-based organizations to support the Area 4 neighborhood in Cambridge, Massachusetts. (EV)

Darlington-Hope, Marian

2002-01-01

128

Solar and interplanetary dynamics; Proceedings of the Symposium, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., August 27-31, 1979  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The symposium focuses on solar phenomena as the source of transient events propagating through the solar system, and theoretical and observational assessments of the dynamic processes involved in these events. The topics discussed include the life history of coronal structures and fields, coronal and interplanetary responses to long time scale phenomena, solar transient phenomena affecting the corona and interplanetary medium, coronal and interplanetary responses to short time scale phenomena, and future directions.

Dryer, M. (editor); Tandberg-Hanssen, E.

1980-01-01

129

Seismic Imaging and Inversion: Application of Linear Theory (2012), Cambridge University Press, co-authored with Bob Stolt  

SciTech Connect

Extracting information from seismic data requires knowledge of seismic wave propagation and reflection. The commonly used method involves solving linearly for a reflectivity at every point within the Earth, but this book follows an alternative approach which invokes inverse scattering theory. By developing the theory of seismic imaging from basic principles, the authors relate the different models of seismic propagation, reflection and imaging - thus providing links to reflectivity-based imaging on the one hand and to nonlinear seismic inversion on the other. The comprehensive and physically complete linear imaging foundation developed presents new results at the leading edge of seismic processing for target location and identification. This book serves as a fundamental guide to seismic imaging principles and algorithms and their foundation in inverse scattering theory and is a valuable resource for working geoscientists, scientific programmers and theoretical physicists.

Weglein, Arthur B.; Stolt, Bob H.

2012-03-01

130

Workshop on Environmental Technology Assessment Held at the University of Cambridge, England Held on 24-26 April, 1985.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Regulative and Technical Measures for Air Pollution Control in the Federal Republic of Germany; Abatement Technologies for Air Pollutants; Economic Issues in the Control of Air Pollution; Megatrends in Water Treatment Technologies; Emerging Tech...

P. W. R. Beaumont R. K. Jain R. S. Engelbrecht

1985-01-01

131

Joint Services Electronics Program: Annual Progress Report Number 103, 1 October 1988 - 31 July 1989 (Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Electronic Theory of Semiconductor Alloys and Superlattices. Pressure Dependence of Photo luminescence Excitation in GaAs/A1(x)Ga(1-x)As Multi-Quantum Wells.; X-Ray Surface Characterization; High Temperature Superconductivity; Quantum and chargi...

M. Tinkham

1989-01-01

132

The Cambridge Guide to the Solar System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Part I. Changing Views and Fundamental Concepts: 1. Evolving perspectives: a historical prologue; 2. The new, close-up view from space; 3. The invisible buffer zone with space: atmospheres, magnetospheres and the solar wind; Part II. The Inner System - Rocky Worlds: 4. Third rock from the Sun: restless Earth; 5. The Moon: stepping stone to the planets; 6. Mercury: a dense battered world; 7. Venus: the veiled planet; 8. Mars: the red planet; Part III. The Giant Planets, Their Satellites and Their Rings - Worlds of Liquid, Ice and Gas: 9. Jupiter: a giant primitive planet; 10. Saturn: lord of the rings; 11. Uranus and Neptune; Part IV. Remnants of Creation - Small Worlds in the Solar System: 12. Asteroids and meteorites; 13. Colliding worlds; 14. Comets; 15. Beyond Neptune; Part V. Origin of the Solar System and Extrasolar Planets: 16. Brave new worlds; Index.

Lang, Kenneth R.

2011-03-01

133

The Syntax of Hungarian. Cambridge Syntax Guides.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a guide to syntax in the Hungarian language. It is intended for students and researchers working on syntax and those interested in Finno-Ugric languages. It describes the key grammatical features of the language, focusing on the phenomena that have proven to be theoretically the most relevant and that have attracted the most…

Kiss, Katalin E.

134

And Now What about Reforming Cambridge Governance?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After its recent Assurance visit from HEFCE, Oxford went through a high profile public debate at the end of which its academic community voted against moving to a governance structure which would have given Oxford a majority of external members on its Council. The Higher Education Funding Council asked Oxford to answer eight questions justifying…

Evans, G. R.

2009-01-01

135

The Dravidian Languages. Cambridge Language Surveys.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes the phonological and grammatical structure of the whole-Dravidian language family from different aspects, examining its history and writing system, structure and typology, lexicon, and recent contacts between Dravidian and other language groups. The 11 chapters highlight the following: (1) "Introduction" (e.g., the Dravidian…

Krishnamurti, Bhadriraju

136

The Cambridge photographic atlas of the planets  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The origin of the solar systems is considered along with the formation of the planets, the evolution of the planets, the surfaces of solid planets, and the atmosphere of the planets. A description is provided of the various planets of the solar system. It is pointed out that Mercury was little known until March 1974 when the Mariner 10 spacecraft made the first of its three flybys of that body. In the case of Venus, the Pioneer mission to Venus by NASA in 1978 provided a breakthrough concerning a knowledge of the solid body hidden beneath the clouds. The characteristics of the planet earth are discussed together with information about the moon. A shaded relief map of Mars illustrates the geographic features of this planet. The map was produced with the aid of Mariner 9 photographs. Maps of the Jovian system based on photographs provided by space missions are also presented, and the Saturnian system is discussed, taking into account major satellites and rings of Saturn.

Briggs, G.; Taylor, F.

1982-01-01

137

Schools and Delinquency. Cambridge Criminology Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book links theory and empirical evidence to derive implications for designing school-based delinquency prevention programs. It examines how school environment and behavior interact, discusses the multiple levels of influence in and around schools that combine with student characteristics to lead to delinquency, and addresses the malleability…

Gottfredson, Denise C.

138

The Cambridge encyclopedia of space (revised edition)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A comprehensive and intensively illustrated development history is presented for spaceflight, ranging over its basic concepts' speculative and fictional origins, the historical roots of rocket-related technologies, and the scientific accomplishments of earth orbit and interplanetary missions to date. Attention is given to propulsion systems, spaceflight launch centers, satellite systems, and solar system exploration by the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Current space-related activities encompass the meteorology, remote sensing, telecommunications and direct broadcasting, and navigation functions of unmanned satellites, as well as such manned spacecraft roles as medical and materials science research. The military uses of space, and increasingly important space industrialization concepts, are discussed as well.

D'Allest, Frederic; Arets, Jean; Baker, Phillip J.; Balmino, Georges; Barth, Hans; Benson, Robert H.

1990-01-01

139

Gambling with the Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is an excerpt from Stephen Hawking's book The Universe in a Nutshell. Roger Penrose and Stephen Hawking, Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, were able to show that Einstein's General Theory of Relativity implied that the universe and time itself must have had a beginning in a tremendous explosion. The discovery of the expansion of the universe is one of the great intellectual revolutions of the twentieth century.

Hawking, Stephen

2002-05-01

140

The Cambridge-Cambridge X-ray Serendipity Survey: I X-ray luminous galaxies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We report on the first results obtained from a new optical identification program of 123 faint X-ray sources with S(0.5-2 keV) greater than 2 x 10(exp -14) erg/s/sq cm serendipitously detected in ROSAT PSPC pointed observations. We have spectroscopically identified the optical counterparts to more than 100 sources in this survey. Although the majority of the sample (68 objects) are QSO's, we have also identified 12 narrow emission line galaxies which have extreme X-ray luminosities (10(exp 42) less than L(sub X) less than 10(exp 43.5) erg/s). Subsequent spectroscopy reveals them to be a mixture of star-burst galaxies and Seyfert 2 galaxies in approximately equal numbers. Combined with potentially similar objects identified in the Einstein Extended Medium Sensitivity Survey, these X-ray luminous galaxies exhibit a rate of cosmological evolution, L(sub X) varies as (1 + z)(exp 2.5 +/- 1.0), consistent with that derived for X-ray QSO's. This evolution, coupled with the steep slope determined for the faint end of the X-ray luminosity function (Phi(L(sub X)) varies as L(sub X)(exp -1.9)), implies that such objects could comprise 15-35% of the soft (1-2 keV) X-ray background.

Boyle, B. J.; Mcmahon, R. G.; Wilkes, B. J.; Elvis, M.

1994-01-01

141

Cambridge-Cambridge X-ray Serendipity Survey: I X-ray Luminous Galaxies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We report on the first results obtained from a new optical identification program of 123 faint X-ray sources with S(0.5-2 keV) greater than 2 x 10(exp -14) erg/s/sq cm serendipitously detected in ROSAT PSPC pointed observations. We have spectroscopically ...

B. J. Boyle R. G. Mcmahon B. J. Wilkes M. Elvis

1994-01-01

142

The Cambridge-Cambridge ROSAT Serendipity Survey - V. Catalogue and optical identifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the results of a medium-depth X-ray survey of 20 ROSAT Position Sensitive Proportional Counter (PSPC) fields. 123 X-ray sources were detected down to a flux limit of S(0.5-2 keV)>2x10^-14 erg s^-1 cm^-2 lying between that of the Einstein Extended Medium Sensitivity Survey (EMSS) and the deepest ROSAT surveys. Optical identifications of 110 of these sources have revealed 68

B. J. Boyle; B. J. Wilkes; M. Elvis

1997-01-01

143

Connecting gender and economic competitiveness: lessons from Cambridge’s high-tech regional economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although recognition of the significance of gender divisions continues to transform economic geography, the discipline nevertheless remains highly uneven in its degree of engagement with gender as a legitimate focus of analysis. In particular, although social institutions are now widely regarded as key determinants of economic success, the regional learning and innovation literature remains largely gender blind, simultaneously subordinating the

Mia Gray; Al James

2007-01-01

144

Universities of the Third Age: Learning in Retirement. Trends and Issues Alert No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief suggests that Universities of the Third Age (U3As) provide learning opportunities for older adults. Worldwide, they typically take one of two forms. Based on the first U3A founded in 1973, the French model is university based and offers mostly formal courses. Arising in Cambridge in 1981, the British model emphasizes informal,…

Kerka, Sandra

145

Selection and Admission Procedures at the University of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland (UBLS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland (UBLS) is a regional four-year liberal arts university influenced by the British educational system. Admission to UBLS is contingent on: (1) scoring high on the Cambridge Overseas School Certificate (COSC), (2) scoring high on the General Certificate of Education (GCE) Examination, (3) scoring high…

Sebatane, E. Molapi

146

Two Approaches to the Use of Blogs in Pre-Service Foreign Language Teachers' Professional Development: A Comparative Study in the Context of Two Universities in the UK and the US  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the use of blogs for pre-service language teacher education in two national settings, the UK (University of Cambridge) and the US (University of South Florida). Taking two approaches to blogging and to learning through blogging (one based on self-reflection and a constructivist approach and one based on social and…

Fisher, Linda; Kim, Deoksoon

2013-01-01

147

Is Performance in English as a Second Language a Relevant Criterion for Admission to an English Medium University?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined whether the current entry requirement at the National University of Lesotho of a Cambridge Overseas School Certificate (COSC) credit in English helps in the selection of the most promising students. Found that performance in school-level English is hardly correlated with academic performance, when controlling for overall school…

Seelen, L. P.

2002-01-01

148

Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138  

Microsoft Academic Search

During Voyager l's encounter with Jupiter, two images were obtained on small portions of Jupiter's dark side. These were recorded through the narrow angle camera without a filter, partly to search for fireballs. The corresponding images during Voyager 2 were taken with filters at considerably longer range so that they need not be considered as part of the search, especially

T. C. DUXBURY

1981-01-01

149

The Cambridge challenge to the Ricardian analysis of poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ricardian economists’ famous model of economic growth employed the Malthusian population doctrine, the law of diminishing\\u000a returns, and the classical or iron law of wages. This analysis was based on utilitarian moral philosophy. The gloomy Stationary\\u000a State conclusions of the Ricardian growth model — maldistribution of income and widespread poverty — were challenged by both\\u000a economists and moral philosophers.

James F. Henderson

1998-01-01

150

Learning about Intermolecular Interactions from the Cambridge Structural Database  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A clear understanding and appreciation of noncovalent interactions, especially hydrogen bonding, are vitally important to students of chemistry and the life sciences, including biochemistry, molecular biology, pharmacology, and medicine. The opportunities afforded by the IsoStar knowledge base of intermolecular interactions to enhance the…

Battle, Gary M.; Allen, Frank H.

2012-01-01

151

Microsoft Cambridge at TREC10: Filtering and Web Tracks  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 Summary This report is concerned with the Adaptive Filtering and Web tracks. There are separate reports in this volume (1, 2) on the Microsoft Research Redmond participation in QA track and the Microsoft Research Beijing partici- pation in the Web track.. Two runs were submitted for the Adaptive Filtering track, on the adaptive filtering task only (two optimisa- tion

Stephen E. Robertson; Steve Walker; Hugo Zaragoza

2001-01-01

152

Imitation in Infancy. Cambridge Studies in Cognitive and Perceptual Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Modern research has suggested that imitation is a natural mechanism of learning and communication, yet the possibility of imitation in newborn humans has been controversial. This book looks at evidence for innate imitation in babies. The chapters in the first section of the book reassess the Piagetian tradition, especially concerning the relation…

Nadel, Jacqueline, Ed.; Butterworth, George, Ed.

153

The Ecology of Language Evolution. Cambridge Approaches to Language Contact.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores the development of creoles and other new languages, highlighting conceptual and methodological issues for genetic linguistics and discussing the significance of ecologies that influence language evolution. It presents examples of changes in the structure, function, and vitality of languages, suggesting that similar ecologies…

Mufwene, Salikoko S.

154

Second Language Vocabulary Acquisition. The Cambridge Applied Linguistics Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A collection of essays on second language vocabulary learning includes: "Historical Trends in Second Language Vocabulary Instruction" (Cheryl Boyd Zimmerman); "The Lexical Plight in Second Language Reading: Words You Don't Know, Words You Think You Know, and Words You Can't Guess" (Batia Laufer); "Orthographic Knowledge in L2 Lexical Processing: A…

Coady, James, Ed.; Huckin, Thomas, Ed.

155

Managing Organization Vitality. M.S. Thesis - MIT, Cambridge  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The three major objectives are: (1) to measure the extent to which the organization renewal techniques have been adopted by organizations in both the private and public sectors; (2) to determine the overall results of these applications; and (3) to test a number of specific hypotheses regarding situational determinants of the success of this approach. It appears that top management involvement is the single most crucial determinant of the success of organization renewal. Organization renewal has considerable potential for increasing the commitment of individuals, and can have a significant positive influence on the results of the organization.

Chandler, G. P., Jr.

1976-01-01

156

Cambridge Business Conferences: A Case Study of Strategic Cost Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This case follows Shank, and Govindarajan (1988)in developing a scenario which provides opportunities for both “relevant cost” and “strategic” analyses. The case focuses on the use of relevant costs in a practical decision-making framework. It requires a distinction between fixed, variable, sunk and discretionary costs and a facility with break-even analysis. Further, it highlights the importance of economic and marketing

M Smith

1998-01-01

157

Mean Streets: Youth Crime and Homelessness. Cambridge Criminology Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the social worlds of homeless children in two Canadian cities, Toronto and Vancouver, comparing them with the environments of in-home and in-school children from the perspective of the children. Samples of 390 and 482 children were interviewed. The following chapters are included: (1) "Street and School Criminologies"; (2)…

Hagan, John; McCarthy, Bill

158

"Universe" event at AIMS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Report of event of 11 May 2008 held at the African Institute of Mathematical Sciences (Muizenberg, Cape), with speakers Michael Griffin (Administrator of NASA), Stephen Hawking (Cambridge), David Gross (Kavli Institute, Santa Barbara) and George Smoot (Berkeley).

2008-06-01

159

A: Reviews: general  

Microsoft Academic Search

PALESTINIAN PEASANTS AND OTTOMAN OFFICIALS: RURAL ADMINISTRATION AROUND SIXTEENTH?CENTURY JERUSALEM. By Amy Singer. (Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization.) Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1995.THE PASHA'S PEASANTS: LAND, SOCIETY, AND ECONOMY IN LOWER EGYPT, 1740–1858. By Kenneth M. Cuno. (Cambridge Middle East Library, 27.) Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1992. 295 pp., tables, appendices, index. Ł35.00 (hb).SOCIALISM AND NATIONALISM IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE.

Suraiya Faroqhi; Gabriel Piterberg; Klaus Kreiser; Peter Clark; Raymond A. Hinnebusch; Emma C. Murphy; Anoushiravan Ehteshami; Keith McLachlan; Çigdem Balim; Oliver Leaman; Catherine Cobham; Norman A. Stillman; C. D. Holes; James Allan

1996-01-01

160

A View of the Universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This lavishly illustrated photographic exploration of the universe will delight everyone intrigued by the night sky. This is the finest collection of color photographs of star clusters, galaxies, and nebulae ever published. Working with the world's most sophisticated telescopes and his own revolutionary techniques, world renowned astronomical photographer David Malin captures distant worlds and phenomena in their astonishing natural colors. These unique pictures are accompanied by nontechnical captions and a lucid text accessible and inspiring to the general reader as well as to astronomers and photographers. The foremost astronomical photographer in the world, David Malin is the discoverer of an enigmatic galaxy now known as Malin-1 and the coauthor of Colours of the Stars and Catalogue of the Universe, both published by Cambridge University Press. His photographs have appeared in locations as diverse as Australian postage stamps and the cover of Life magazine.

Malin, David F.

1993-11-01

161

76 FR 59388 - Board of Regents of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DATES: Tuesday, October 25, 2011, from 8:30 a.m. to 11:30 a.m. ADDRESSES: Hyatt Regency Chesapeake Bay, 100 Heron Boulevard, Cambridge, Maryland 21613. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Janet S. Taylor, Designated Federal Officer,...

2011-09-26

162

Children's Problems in Text Comprehension: An Experimental Investigation. Cambridge Monographs & Texts in Applied Psycholinguistics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting that although some children read aloud with apparent fluency, they fail to understand fully or remember connected discourse, this book brings together research on children who have a specific comprehension deficit. The book first provides an introduction and overview of adult and child text comprehension, and then describes the research.…

Yuill, Nicola; Oakhill, Jane

163

Seismic profile analysis of sediment deposits in Brownlee and Hells Canyon Reservoirs near Cambridge, Idaho  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, in cooperation with the USGS Idaho Water Science Center and the Idaho Power Company, collected high-resolution seismic reflection data in the Brownlee and Hells Canyon Reservoirs, in March of 2013.These reservoirs are located along the Snake River, and were constructed in 1958 (Brownlee) and 1967 (Hells Canyon). The purpose of the survey was to gain a better understanding of sediment accumulation within the reservoirs since their construction. The chirp system used in the survey was an EdgeTech Geo-Star Full Spectrum Sub-Bottom (FSSB) system coupled with an SB-424 towfish with a frequency range of 4 to 24 kHz. Approximately 325 kilometers of chirp data were collected, with water depths ranging from 0-90 meters. These reservoirs are characterized by very steep rock valley walls, very low flow rates, and minimal sediment input into the system. Sediments deposited in the reservoirs are characterized as highly fluid clays. Since the acoustic signal was not able to penetrate the rock substrate, only the thin veneer of these recent deposits were imaged. Results from the seismic survey indicate that throughout both of the Brownlee and Hells Canyon reservoirs the accumulation of sediments ranged from 0 to 2.5 m, with an average of 0.5 m. Areas of above average sediment accumulation may be related to lower slope, longer flooding history, and proximity to fluvial sources.

Flocks, James; Kelso, Kyle; Fosness, Ryan; Welcker, Chris

2014-01-01

164

Using the Cambridge Structural Database to Teach Molecular Geometry Concepts in Organic Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a set of two homework assignments that can be used in a second-year undergraduate organic chemistry class. These assignments were designed to help reinforce concepts of molecular geometry and to give students the opportunity to use a technological database and data mining to analyze experimentally determined chemical…

Wackerly, Jay Wm.; Janowicz, Philip A.; Ritchey, Joshua A.; Caruso, Mary M.; Elliott, Erin L.; Moore, Jeffrey S.

2009-01-01

165

Offending and Early Death in the Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Criminal offending has many negative outcomes. Researchers have recently begun to consider the impact offending has on offenders’ health, with a few studies focusing on differential mortality risk. Yet, prior research has been limited due to selective samples, restricted range of follow-up time period, limited set of explanatory variables, and lack of theoretical guidance. This paper examines the risk of

Alex R. Piquero; David P. Farrington; Jonathan P. Shepherd; Katherine Auty

2011-01-01

166

a Cosmic Ray Detector Array for Schools in the Cambridge Region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Particle physics, astrophysics and cosmology are areas of research that have captured the imagination of the general public in recent years. By giving school students first-hand experience of building and operating a particle detector and the analysis of the data in a collaborative environment we anticipate that they will gain a deeper insight into the many and diverse facets of experimental particle physics. Cosmic rays provide a readily available source of high energy particles and other projects have already exploited this in building arrays of cosmic ray detectors located in schools and linked together via the internet. We aim to extend this concept by creating our own network of detectors in our region with a particular emphasis on hands-on involvement by school students in the partner schools. This talk outlines our plans towards the implementation of this project and our wider goals of integrating our local network with other projects both nationally and internationally.

Wotton, S. A.; Goodrick, M. J.; Hommels, B.; Parker, M. A.

2011-06-01

167

New Immigrants in the United States: Readings for Second Language Educators. Cambridge Language Teaching Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Articles include the following: "The Flowering of America: Linguistic Diversity in the United States" (R. Macias); "The American Linguistic Mosaic: Understanding Language Shift in the United States" (C. Veltman); "Bilingualism and Language Use Among Mexican Americans" (G. Valdes); "Puerto Ricans in the United States: Confronting the Linguistic…

McKay, Sandra Lee, Ed.; Wong, Sau-ling Cynthia, Ed.

168

Validating Score Interpretations and Uses: Messick Lecture, Language Testing Research Colloquium, Cambridge, April 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The argument-based approach to validation involves two steps; specification of the proposed interpretations and uses of the test scores as an interpretive argument, and the evaluation of the plausibility of the proposed interpretive argument. More ambitious interpretations and uses tend to involve an extended network of inferences and assumptions…

Kane, Michael

2012-01-01

169

The sound of moving bodies. Ph.D. Thesis - Cambridge Univ.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The importance of the quadrupole source term in the Ffowcs, Williams, and Hawkings (FWH) equation was addressed. The quadrupole source contains fundamental components of the complete fluid mechanics problem, which are ignored only at the risk of error. The results made it clear that any application of the acoustic analogy should begin with all of the source terms in the FWH theory. The direct calculation of the acoustic field as part of the complete unsteady fluid mechanics problem using CFD is considered. It was shown that aeroelastic calculation can indeed be made with CFD codes. The results indicate that the acoustic field is the most susceptible component of the computation to numerical error. Therefore, the ability to measure the damping of acoustic waves is absolutely essential both to develop acoustic computations. Essential groundwork for a new approach to the problem of sound generation by moving bodies is presented. This new computational acoustic approach holds the promise of solving many problems hitherto pushed aside.

Brentner, Kenneth Steven

1990-01-01

170

Consortium for Educational Telecomputing: Conference Proceedings (Cambridge, Massachusetts, April 18-19, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 50 delegates from 32 states and 2 Canadian provinces attended this conference, during which 5 intensive working group sessions discussed, debated, and achieved agreement on a number of relevant issues concerning the role of educational telecomputing in school reform and restructuring. The conference proceedings begins with an overview of the…

Tinker, Robert F., Ed.; Kapisovsky, Peggy M., Ed.

171

Second Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars, Stellar Systems, and the Sun, volume 1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Solar and stellar atmospheric phenomena and their fundamental physical properties such as gravity, effective temperature and rotation rate, which provides the range in parameter space required to test various theoretical models were investigated. The similarity between solar activity and stellar activity is documented. Some of the topics discussed are: atmospheric structure, magnetic fields, solar and stellar activity, and evolution.

Giampapa, M. S. (editor); Golub, L. (editor)

1981-01-01

172

The Cambridge History of the English Language. Volume VI: English in North America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is one volume in a series that examines the history of English. It traces the history of English in North America during the past 400 years, from its British background to its present position among the varieties of English used worldwide. Influences that have formed American English include political, social, and cultural changes in…

Algeo, John, Ed.

173

Executive Functions as Endophenotypes in ADHD: Evidence from the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Battery (CANTAB)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Little is known about executive functions among unaffected siblings of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and there is lack of such information from non-Western countries. We examined verbal and nonverbal executive functions in adolescents with ADHD, unaffected siblings and controls to test whether executive…

Gau, Susan Shur-Fen; Shang, Chi-Yung

2010-01-01

174

Who attends a UK diabetes screening programme? Findings from the ADDITION-Cambridge study  

PubMed Central

Aims One of the factors influencing the cost-effectiveness of population screening for type 2 diabetes may be uptake. We examined attendance and practice- and individual-level factors influencing uptake at each stage of a diabetes screening programme in general practice. Methods A stepwise screening programme was undertaken among 135,825 people aged 40-69 years without known diabetes in 49 general practices in East England. The programme included a score based on routinely available data (age, sex, BMI and prescribed medication) to identify those at high risk who were offered random capillary blood glucose (RBG) and glycosylated haemoglobin tests. Those screening positive were offered fasting capillary blood glucose (FBG) and confirmatory oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT). Results 33,539 high risk individuals were invited for a RBG screening test; 24,654 (74%) attended. 94% attended the follow-up FBG test and 82% the diagnostic OGTT. 70% of individuals completed the screening programme. Practices with higher GP staff complements and those located in more deprived areas had lower uptake for RBG and FBG tests. Male sex and a higher BMI were associated with lower attendance for RBG testing. Older age, prescription of antihypertensive medication and a higher risk score were associated with higher attendance for FBG and RBG tests. Conclusions High attendance rates can be achieved by targeted stepwise screening of individuals assessed as high risk by data routinely available in general practice. Different strategies may be required to increase initial attendance, ensure completion of the screening programme, and reduce the risk that screening increases health inequalities.

Sargeant, LA; Simmons, RK; Barling, RS; Butler, R; Williams, KM; Prevost, AT; Kinmonth, AL; Wareham, NJ; Griffin, SJ

2012-01-01

175

Bureau of Mines Geotechnical Centrifuge Research: A Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The U.S. Bureau of Mines has, primarily through its contract program, used large-scale centrifuges to determine design criteria for tailings embankments. The centrifuge runs were made at two installations, the University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England a...

P. C. McWilliams

1989-01-01

176

Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Country of Lost Children: An. Australian Anxiety. By Peter Pierce. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Pp. xviii + 211. $24.95 paper.life over Death: Tasmanians and Tuberculosis. By Michael Roe. Tasmanian Historical Research Association: Hobart, 1999. Pp. 234. $22.00 paper.The Labour of Loss: Mourning, Memory and Wartime Bereavement in Australia. By Joy Damousi. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Pp. x

Susan K. Martin; F. B. Smith; Stephen Garton; Val Noone; Christina Twomey; Frank Cain; Phillip Deery; David Walker; David Lee; Frank Bongiorno; Michael Roe; Anne Neale; Ray Markey; Tim Bowden; Beverley Symons; John Cain; Nancy F. Millis; Julie Evans; John Poynter; Grace Karskens; Mark Peel; Charlotte Macdonald

2000-01-01

177

Money Follows the Person Demonstration: Overview of State Grantee Progress, January-June 2010. Cambridge, MA: Mathematica Policy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes the progress of the demonstration in 29 states and the District of Columbia. Enrollment grew steadily during this period. Since the program began, more than 8,500 people who lived in institutions for six months or more have been helped to return to homes or community-based residences.

Noelle Denny-Brown; Debra Lipson; Christal Stone; Jessica Ross

2011-01-01

178

Money Follows the Person Demonstration: Overview of State Grantee Progress, July to December 2011. Cambridge, MA: Mathematica Policy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes the progress of Money Follows the Person (MFP) grant programs in 33 states and the District of Columbia. It examines numbers of people who transitioned, reinstitutionalization rates, achievement of spending goals on Medicaid home and community-based services, and major accomplishments and implementation challenges. MFP grants support state efforts to help individuals living in institutions move to home

Susan R. Williams; Debra Lipson; Noelle Denny-Brown; Rebecca Lester; Bailey Orshan; Christal Stone; Matthew Kehn

2012-01-01

179

Cambridge Healthtech Institute's Fourth Annual In silico Biology Conference "Modeling Systems Biology for Research and Target Prioritization"  

SciTech Connect

In silico biology, the computer aided analysis of biological systems, is a relatively young research area. It first has been coined in the late 1990's and emerged from Theoretical and Computational Biology. As in other fields before, biology experiences an increased use of systems mathematics and computer simulation. With the human genome sequence available, with an exponentially growing number of completely sequenced genomes from various model organisms and with expression and proteomic data at hand, the research paradigm is shifted towards systems analysis and simulation. Computer aided modeling of complex biomolecules and assemblies are already routinely performed. Nowadays, theoretical description and computer simulation of cellular components in larger intra- and inter-cellular networks is of growing importance. Together with classic biological and clinical experiments as well as data from functional genomics, in silico biology will take the leading role in the analysis of biological systems.

Forst, C. (Christian)

2002-01-01

180

Sensor fusion: Spatial reasoning and scene interpretation; Proceedings of the Meeting, Cambridge, MA, Nov. 7-9, 1988  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present conference discusses topics in the fusion of active and passive sensors, object estimation and verification, three-dimensional representation and knowledge integration, three-dimensional perception from multisensor data, the representation of uncertainty in multisensor fusion, and sensor calibration and registration. Also discussed are the areas of multisensor target detection and classification, multisensor processing architectures, knowledge structures and spatial reasoning, sensory interfaces to telerobotic systems, and navigation with spatial data bases.

Schenker, Paul S. (editor)

1989-01-01

181

Advances in cryogenic engineering. Volume 31; Proceedings of the Cryogenic Engineering Conference, MIT, Cambridge, MA, Aug. 12-16, 1985  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present conference on the applications of state-of-the-art cryogenic engineering technologies considers topics associated with the development status of the 'Superconducting SuperCollider', superconducting magnetic energy storage methods, large magnets for fusion and other physics researches, cryogenic hardware improvements, and phenomena and applications of superconducting magnet-employing acoustic emission test equipment. Also discussed are design criteria for superconducting magnet stability, heat exchangers and heat transfer to liquid He and N, heat and mass transfer characteristics of He II, refrigeration techniques for magnetic resonance imaging and other small systems, refrigeration for liquefaction and for superconducting fusion as well as for accelerator and generator systems, magnetic refrigeration, cryocooling and refrigeration for space applications, the storage and transfer of cryogenic fluids, the properties of cryogenic liquids, and air liquefaction equipment.

Fast, R. W. (editor)

1986-01-01

182

Fiber optic and laser sensors IV; Proceedings of the Meeting, Cambridge, MA, Sept. 22-24, 1986  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The conference presents papers on industrial uses of fiber optic sensors, point and distributed polarimetric optical fiber sensors, fiber optic electric field sensor technology, micromachined resonant structures, single-mode fibers for sensing applications, and measurement techniques for magnetic field gradient detection. Consideration is also given to electric field meter and temperature measurement techniques for the power industry, the calibration of high-temperature fiber-optic microbend pressure transducers, and interferometric sensors for dc measurands. Other topics include the recognition of colors and collision avoidance in robotics using optical fiber sensors, the loss compensation of intensity-modulating fiber-optic sensors, and an embedded optical fiber strain tensor for composite structure applications.

De Paula, Ramon P. (editor); Udd, Eric (editor)

1987-01-01

183

The contribution of media analysis to the evaluation of environmental interventions: the commuting and health in Cambridge study  

PubMed Central

Background Media content can increase awareness of, and shape interactions with, public health interventions. As part of a natural experimental evaluation of the travel, physical activity and health impacts of the Cambridgeshire Guided Busway, we analysed print and social media discourse and interview data to understand the nature of new transport infrastructure and how it was experienced. Methods Newspaper articles were systematically retrieved from the LexisNexis database and tweets were identified from an online archive. Interviews were conducted as part of the larger evaluation study with 38 adults. Inductive thematic analysis was performed and comparisons were drawn between datasets. Results The findings are discussed in relation to five themes. First, an understanding of the intervention context and how the intervention was experienced was developed through accounts of events occurring pre and post the busway’s opening. Second, the media captured the dynamic nature of the intervention. Third, the media constructed idealised portrayals of the anticipated busway which in some cases were contradicted by the impact of the busway on the existing context and people’s lived experiences. Fourth, differential media coverage of the intervention components suggested that a lesser value was placed on promoting active travel compared with public transport. Lastly, interview data provided support for the hypothesis that the media increased awareness of the busway and served as a frame of reference for constructing expectations and comparing experiences. Conclusions This analysis has contributed to the wider evaluation of the busway, helping to understand its nature and implementation and informing hypotheses about how the local population interact with the infrastructure by attending to the significance of representations in the media.

2014-01-01

184

Field screening for environmental pollutants: Defining user instrumentation needs. Workshop held in Cambridge, Massachusetts on October 26-27, 1992  

SciTech Connect

Solute transport measurements in the vadose zone; application of field screening methods for expediting and improving underground storage tank (ust) site assessments; field screening applications for the detection of metals; data quality objectives for semi-volatile field screening techniques; field instrumentation uses and needs of US EPA; field analysis and mobile laboratory configuration for hazardous waste; problems, both reoccurring and unique in the collection of field data; a portable mass spectrometer for collecting field data; on-site detection of organic contaminants by thermal desorption gas chromatography/mass spectrometry; tunable laser, fiber-optic spectroscopy system for monitoring fuel contamination; environmental applications of fiber-optic based chemical sensors; biotechnology-based diagnostic methods for detection of environmental pollutants; legal implications and data confidentiality; bibliography of topical papers; and biographies of presenters.

Not Available

1992-10-01

185

Amarasinghe MIT Laboratory for Computer Science Cambridge, MA 02139 {thies, jasperln, saman}@lcs.mit.e du  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a translation scheme that allows a broad class of data?ow graphs to be considered under the optimization framework of the polyhedral model. The input to our analysis is a Phased Computation Graph, which we deflne as a generalization of the most widely used data?ow represen tations,

Jasper Lin

186

International Conference on Thermal Infrared Sensing for Diagnostics and Control (Thermosense VIII), Cambridge, MA, September 12-20, 1985, Proceedings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Papers are presented on current standards of professionalism in commercial infrared sensing, the misuse of infrared thermography, an automated infrared inspection of jet engine turbine blades, and a comprehensive analysis of Shuttle Orbiter leeside surface infrared imagery obtained during atmospheric reentry. Also considered are measurement of pyrotechnic ignition energy by thermography, a thermographic look at plasma spraying, precision infrared on-line

1986-01-01

187

Beyond Logic and Argument Analysis: Critical Thinking, Everyday Problems and Democratic Deliberation in Cambridge International Examinations' Thinking Skills Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely held that, by teaching individuals how to reason through and analyse everyday problems, the teaching of critical thinking develops the deliberative capacities essential to the healthy functioning of democracy. Implicit in this view is the assumption that a certain commensurability exists between the problems presented in such…

Lim, Leonel

2011-01-01

188

International Conference on Rapidly Quenched Metals, 2nd, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., November 17-19, 1975, Proceedings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The range of topics covered by the papers includes: rapid quenching (and specifically splat quenching) of metals, spin quenching, levitation melting, rapid quenching from liquid state; amorphous metal phases and metastable phases, metallic glasses, ribbons, splats, films, metal ribbon reinforced resins; crystallization of metallic glasses, and ferromagnetic amorphous alloys. Structural models for amorphous metals, splat-quenching equipment, and measurements of the properties of amorphous and noncrystalline metals and metallic glasses are also discussed, in addition to: fatigue events (crack propagation) in amorphous metals, fracture behavior in rapidly quenched metals, ductile superconducting Cu-Nb-Sn alloys, and semiconducting amorphous V205 alloy. Individual items are announced in this issue.

1976-01-01

189

Symposium on Combustion /International/, 16th, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., August 15-20, 1976, Proceedings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aspects of combustion technology in power systems are considered, taking into account a combustion in large boilers, the control of over-all thermal efficiency of combustion heating systems, a comparison of mathematical models of the radiative behavior of a large-scale experimental furnace, a concentric multiannular swirl burner, and the effects of water introduction on diesel engine combustion and emissions. Attention is also given to combustion and related processes in energy production from coal, spray and droplet combustion, soot formation and growth, the kinetics of elementary reactions, flame structure and chemistry, propellant ignition and combustion, fire and explosion research, mathematical modeling, high output combustion systems, turbulent flames and combustion, and ignition, optical, and electrical properties.

1977-01-01

190

The Management of Innovation in Education. Report on a Workshop, (St. John's College, Cambridge, England, June 29-July 5, 1969).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A striking feature of education during the last decade has been the high rate of finance and enrollment expansion that has gone hand in hand with economic growth and social development. Social demand for education has consistently run ahead of the resource provision in many countries, with the resulting paradox that education has been both the…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.

191

Creole Genesis and the Acquisition of Grammar: The Case of Haitian Creole. Cambridge Studies in Linguistics; 88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported here focuses on the cognitive processes involved in creole genesis: relexification; reanalysis; dialect levelling; and parameter setting. The role of these processes in creole genesis is documented in a detailed comparison of Haitian Creole with two of its major source languages: French, its main lexifier language, and…

Lefebvre, Claire

192

The PHS 340B Drug Pricing Program: Results of a Survey of Eligible Entities. Cambridge, MA: Mathematica Policy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Escalating drug prices have affected safety net providers in serious ways. This report studies providers eligible to purchase prescription drugs at a discount under the 340B program, which requires manufacturers that receive reimbursement from Medicaid to provide reduced prices to more than 10,000 qualified health care clinics, centers, and hospitals in the U.S. These providers in turn serve more than

Robert Schmitz; So Limpa-Amara; Julita Milliner-Waddell; Frank Potter

2004-01-01

193

Executive Function Deficits in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Measured Using the Cambridge Neuropsychological Tests Automated Battery (CANTAB)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Chronic prenatal alcohol exposure causes a spectrum of deleterious effects in offspring, collectively termed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), and deficits in executive function are prevalent in FASD. The goal of this research was to test the hypothesis that children with FASD exhibit performance deficits in tasks that assess…

Green, C. R.; Mihic, A. M.; Nikkel, S. M.; Stade, B. C.; Rasmussen, C.; Munoz, D. P.; Reynolds, J. N.

2009-01-01

194

International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics, 19th, Cambridge, England, Sept. 16-21, 1990, Proceedings  

SciTech Connect

The present conference discusses the application of schlieren photography in industry, laser fiber-optic high speed photography, holographic visualization of hypervelocity explosions, sub-100-picosec X-ray grating cameras, flash soft X-radiography, a novel approach to synchroballistic photography, a programmable image converter framing camera, high speed readout CCDs, an ultrafast optomechanical camera, a femtosec streak tube, a modular streak camera for laser ranging, and human-movement analysis with real-time imaging. Also discussed are high-speed photography of high-resolution moire patterns, a 2D electron-bombarded CCD readout for picosec electrooptical data, laser-generated plasma X-ray diagnostics, 3D shape restoration with virtual grating phase detection, Cu vapor lasers for high speed photography, a two-frequency picosec laser with electrooptical feedback, the conversion of schlieren systems to high speed interferometers, laser-induced cavitation bubbles, stereo holographic cinematography, a gatable photonic detector, and laser generation of Stoneley waves at liquid-solid boundaries.

Garfield, B.R.; Rendell, J.T. (IMCO Electro-Optics, Ltd., Basildon (United Kingdom))

1991-01-01

195

Laser research and development in the Northeast; Proceedings of the Meeting, Cambridge, MA, Sept. 16, 17, 1986  

SciTech Connect

The development and scaling of excimer lasers with emphasis on both electron-beam and discharge pumpings; a chemical means of generating laser action in the visible region; the use of stimulated Raman techniques to improve the beam quality output of systems employing excimer lasers; the research and development of CO/sub 2/ lasers; a CO/sub 2/ laser amplifier for radar applications; medical laser usage; and laser monitors for trace species in environmental and industrial processes are examined. Consideration is given to high power laser research and development for laser energetics; linear and nonlinear frequency converters; 450 nm laser operation in Tm(3+):YLF; alexandrite lasers and their applications; and the performance limitations of vibronic lasers. Topics discussed include the laser ignition of oil spills; the application of laser rangers to submunitions; the design and application of laser intensity stabilizers; and a 535 nm active atomic line filter that uses the Tl metastable state as an absorbing medium.

Trainor, D.W.; Chicklis, E.P.

1987-01-01

196

Boundary layer transition and control; Proceedings of the Conference, Univ. of Cambridge, United Kingdom, Apr. 8-12, 1991  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present conference discusses such boundary-layer transition (BLT) and boundary-layer control (BLC) topics as supersonic BLT on a swept cylinder, a high frequency secondary instability of crossflow leading to BLT, primary and secondary stability analyses of a 3D boundary layer, interacting wavetrains in the Blasius boundary layer, acoustic detection of BLT, laminar flow engine nacelles, BLT on blunted cones at hypersonic speeds, the cross-flow instability near a rotating disk, and the numerical simulation of a 3D wave packet. Also discussed are vortex formation in the late stages of BLT, a one-equation model for 3D boundary layers, BLT in laterally divergent and convergent flows, BLC flow research in the 1940s and 1950s, the role of wall instabilities in BLT over compliant walls, and the prediction of localized instability generation. (For individual items see A93-17252 to A93-17277)

197

An Adaptive Numeric Predictor-corrector Guidance Algorithm for Atmospheric Entry Vehicles. M.S. Thesis - MIT, Cambridge  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An adaptive numeric predictor-corrector guidance is developed for atmospheric entry vehicles which utilize lift to achieve maximum footprint capability. Applicability of the guidance design to vehicles with a wide range of performance capabilities is desired so as to reduce the need for algorithm redesign with each new vehicle. Adaptability is desired to minimize mission-specific analysis and planning. The guidance algorithm motivation and design are presented. Performance is assessed for application of the algorithm to the NASA Entry Research Vehicle (ERV). The dispersions the guidance must be designed to handle are presented. The achievable operational footprint for expected worst-case dispersions is presented. The algorithm performs excellently for the expected dispersions and captures most of the achievable footprint.

Spratlin, Kenneth Milton

1987-01-01

198

Reduction of Tantalum Pentoxide Using Graphite and Tin-Oxide-Based Anodes via the FFC-Cambridge Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

An investigation into the electrochemical reduction of tantalum pentoxide (Ta2O5) to tantalum metal in molten calcium chloride was performed. The oxide was made the cathode, and either graphite or tin oxide\\u000a rods were selected as the anodes. The experiments were terminated after 8 hours of potentiostatic electrolysis using a two-electrode\\u000a setup, with the current and anodic potential recorded. The cathode products

Roger Barnett; Kamal Tripuraneni Kilby; Derek J. Fray

2009-01-01

199

Laser research and development in the Northeast; Proceedings of the Meeting, Cambridge, MA, Sept. 16, 17, 1986  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development and scaling of excimer lasers with emphasis on both electron-beam and discharge pumpings; a chemical means of generating laser action in the visible region; the use of stimulated Raman techniques to improve the beam quality output of systems employing excimer lasers; the research and development of CO2 lasers; a CO2 laser amplifier for radar applications; medical laser usage; and laser monitors for trace species in environmental and industrial processes are examined. Consideration is given to high power laser research and development for laser energetics; linear and nonlinear frequency converters; 450 nm laser operation in Tm(3+):YLF; alexandrite lasers and their applications; and the performance limitations of vibronic lasers. Topics discussed include the laser ignition of oil spills; the application of laser rangers to submunitions; the design and application of laser intensity stabilizers; and a 535 nm active atomic line filter that uses the Tl metastable state as an absorbing medium.

Trainor, Daniel W.; Chicklis, Evan P.

200

Public Hearing, National Education Commission on Time and Learning Highlights (8th Cambridge, Massachusetts, September 23-24, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Education Commission on Time and Learning (NECT&L) is an independent advisory body authorized by Congress to conduct a comprehensive review of the relationship between time and learning in elementary-secondary education, including international comparisons, the use of time in and out of school, the use of facilities, year-round…

National Education Commission on Time and Learning, Washington, DC.

201

NSF CAREER: Establishing at the University of New Mexico a Student Residential College/Honors Program with Extensive Faculty Involvement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As the educational component of my CAREER grant, I proposed integrating in an organized and widespread manner aspects of a Residential College / Honors Program into the culture of the University of New Mexico (UNM). Having such a program would provide UNM students the benefit of enhanced interactions with a variety of professors outside the classroom on a regular and personal basis. It would result not only in more visibility of professors' research and knowledge to students, but also in additional personal mentoring and encouragement. Similar programs already exist at Northwestern, Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, Yale, and Princeton Universities, to name a few. As a student, I myself experienced the benefits of a Residential College Program at Northwestern University. In the first year of my CAREER award, I volunteered and served on a campus-wide Honors College Task Force wherein we generated a report for the Provost as to whether UNM should pursue establishing an Honors College having a residential component. Through this experience, I learned that there are many other faculty across campus excited about the possibilities offered by a Residential College / Honors Program, but also about the hurdles involved in gaining momentum and campus-wide and administrative support for such an endeavor. Here, I will present what I see as the benefits of a Residential College / Honors Program at Universities, my vision for one at UNM, and the challenges encountered and lessons learned thus far.

Simpson, J. J.

2011-12-01

202

Rhetorical Structure of Biochemistry Research Articles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the results of a move analysis [Swales, J. (1990). "Genre analysis." Cambridge: Cambridge University Press] of 60 biochemistry research articles. First, a corpus was systematically compiled to ensure that it represents core journals in the focused discipline. Then, coding reliability analysis was conducted to demonstrate…

Kanoksilapatham, Budsaba

2005-01-01

203

Students' Perceptions of a Problem-Based Learning Environment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last decades, traditional learning environments have been criticised for not developing the prerequisites for professional expertise (H. Mandl, H. Gruber & A. Renkl, "Interactive minds: Life-span perspectives on the social foundation of cognition," pp. 394-412, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1996; P. Tynjala, "International…

Dochy, Filip; Segers, Mien; Van Den Bossche, Piet; Struyven, Katrien

2005-01-01

204

Beyond eco-efficiency: Towards socially sustainable business  

Microsoft Academic Search

An earlier version of this paper was presented by Dr Gladwin at the First Annual Senior Executives' Seminar on 'Sustainability and Profitability: Conflict or Convergence' sponsored by the HRH the Prince of Wales's Business & the Environment Programme and developed by the University of Cambridge Programme for Industry, Cambridge, UK, September 1994. The authors express their appreciation to AT&T, the

Thomas N. Gladwin; Tara-Shelomith Krause; James J. Kennelly

1995-01-01

205

Issue Information  

PubMed Central

Front Cover: The bright warning patterns of the sister species H. himera (top) and H. erato (bottom) are also used as mating cues. Original images by Riccardo Papa. Photo reproduced by permission of Richard M. Merrill, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, U.K.

2014-01-01

206

Written on the heavens: Recent studies in archaeoastronomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aveni, Anthony F., ed. The Lines of Nazca. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1990. xii + 343 pp. including references, appendices, and index. $60.00 cloth.Aveni, Anthony F., ed. World Archaeoastronomy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. xiii + 504 pp. including chapter references and index. $125.00 cloth.

Robin Ridington

1992-01-01

207

Researching "Practiced Language Policies": Insights from Conversation Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In language policy research, "policy" has traditionally been conceptualised as a notion separate from that of "practice". In fact, language practices were usually analysed with a view to evaluate whether a policy is being implemented or resisted to. Recently, however, Spolsky in ("Language policy". Cambridge University press, Cambridge, 2004;…

Bonacina-Pugh, Florence

2012-01-01

208

Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Universe SciPack explores the ways scientists learn about the universe and the current ideas about the origins and formation of the universe. The focus is on Standards and Benchmarks related to the universe including how the universe was formed, formation and destruction of stars and characteristics of the sun and stars in terms of size and composition.In addition to comprehensive inquiry-based learning materials tied to Science Education Standards and Benchmarks, the SciPack includes the following additional components:ďż˝ Pedagogical Implications section addressing common misconceptions, teaching resources and strand maps linking grade band appropriate content to standards. ďż˝ Access to one-on-one support via e-mail to content "Wizards".ďż˝ Final Assessment which can be used to certify mastery of the concepts.Learning Outcomes:Universe: How We Know What We Knowďż˝ Select the right instrument given something specific to learn about the universe.ďż˝ Describe, in simple terms, how scientists analyze light to learn about objects in the universe.ďż˝ Describe what the study of light can tell us about objects in the universe.ďż˝ Understand the various parts of the electromagnetic spectrum and how the various wavelengths can provide astronomers with different information.ďż˝ Recognize that astronomers study a wide range of electromagnetic waves, not restricted to visible light.Universe: The Sun as a Starďż˝ Reject common misconceptions, such as stars are bits of the Sun. ďż˝ List characteristics of the Sun that match the definition of a star.ďż˝ Accurately compare and contrast the characteristics of the Sun with other stars (e.g., mass, distance, size, color).ďż˝ Recognize the rough ratio of the distance to the Sun and the distance to the next nearest stars on a human scale (i.e., if the sun is 10 feet away, roughly how far is the next nearest star?).ďż˝ Select the rough estimate of the travel time (at speed of light) to next nearest star from a list.ďż˝ Describe how astronomers determined that the stars were just like the Sun.Universe: Birth, Life, and Death of Starsďż˝ Recount key aspects of the stellar life cycle. ďż˝ Recognize the variables and conditions that would be needed to make predictions about the life cycle of a star, including the prominent role of initial mass. ďż˝ Determine whether a reasonable prediction can be made, given certain knowns and unknowns.ďż˝ Explain how the elements that compose our planet and solar system (and the rest of the universe) were formed.ďż˝ Explain where the energy released by our Sun and other stars comes from.Universe: The Universe Beyond our Solar Systemďż˝ Arrange various objects in order of size and distance, ranging from space probes and moons to galaxies and galactic clusters.ďż˝ Catalogue, in simple terms, the objects within a galaxy.ďż˝ Generally explain "what is within what" (planetary systems, star clusters, galaxies, etc.).ďż˝ Describe the location of our solar system within the Milky Way galaxy.ďż˝ Describe the limitations of using parallax, radar, and brightness to measure the distance of objects from Earth, and classify objects whose distance from Earth could be accurately measured using each type of measurement strategy.Universe: The Origin and Evolution of the Universeďż˝ Provide a basic description of the conditions at the beginning of the universe.ďż˝ Give the approximate age of the universe.ďż˝ Recognize the scientific account of the current state of the universe given different explanations.ďż˝ Explain the evidence for an expanding universe.ďż˝ Describe, in simple terms, how scientists use observations of position and motion to learn about objects in the universe.

National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)

2007-03-21

209

Task Force on Women, Minorities and the Handicapped in Science and Technology: Public Hearing. Report of the Proceedings (Cambridge, Massachusetts, April 7, 1988).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology was established by the U.S. Congress in Public Law 99-383 with the purpose of developing a long-range plan for broadening participation in science and engineering. Public hearings were held in Albuquerque (New Mexico), Atlanta (Georgia), Baltimore (Maryland), Boston…

Task Force on Women, Minorities, and the Handicapped in Science and Technology, Washington, DC.

210

MIT/Marine Industry Collegium Opportunity Brief: Advanced composites for offshore structures. Held in Cambridge, Massachusetts on October 30-31, 1991  

SciTech Connect

Synopses of Presentations: An Overview of Advanced Structural Composites for Offshore Structures; High-Performance Composites for Deepwater Risers; Failure and Damage Mechanisms in Composites; Environmental Degradation of Composites; Composites Manufacturing; Steel-Concrete-Steel Sandwich Composite Construction for Permanently Floating Platforms; High-Strength Cement Composites for Marine Applications; Minimum Weight Design of Foam Core Sandwich Panels; Design of Fiber Reinforced Brittle and Quasi-Brittle Matrix Composites for Marine Applications; Offshore Applications and Requirements for Use of Advanced Composites; Polymer Composites in Structures; Non-Conventional Profiles of Composites for Structural Applications; Composite in Construction Require a Structural Design System; Economic Evaluation of Composites for Offshore Use.

Moore, J.

1991-01-01

211

Institutional Research: Leadership through Excellence. North East Association for Institutional Research Annual Conference Proceedings (28th, Cambridge, Massachusetts, November 17-20, 2001).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theme of the 2001 annual conference of the Northeast Association for Institutional Research was Institutional Research: Leadership through Excellence. These proceedings represent the intellectual content and insights shared during the conference. The papers are: (1) The Rocky Road to Graduation: An Academic Career Flow Model for Tracking…

North East Association for Institutional Research.

212

Regulation as an Instrument of Public Administration. Proceedings of Conference, Held at Cambridge, MA on February 27-28, 1978. Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the conference was to examine the current state of health care regulation in light of the experience of regulation in other sectors of the economy. The conference sessions were devoted to discussion of the ideas and problems illuminated by ...

1980-01-01

213

Cool stars, stellar systems, and the sun; Proceedings of the 7th Cambridge Workshop, Tucson, AZ, Oct. 9-12, 1991  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Consideration is given to HST observations of late-type stars, molecular absorption in the UV spectrum of Alpha Ori, EUV emission from late-type stars, Rosat observations of the Pleiades cluster, a deep ROSAT observation of the Hyades cluster, optical spectroscopy detected by EXOSAT, stellar photospheric convection, a structure of the solar X-ray corona, magnetic surface images of the BY Dra Star HD 82558, a Zebra interpretatin of BY Dra stars, optical flares on II Peg, a low-resolution spectroscopic survey of post-T tauri candidates, millimeter and sub-millimeter emission from flare stars, and activity in tidally interacting binaries. Attention is also given to modeling stellar angular momentum evolution, extended 60-micron emission from nearby Mira variables, the PANDORA atmosphere program, the global properties of active regions, oscillations in a stratified atmosphere, lithium abundances in northern RS CVn binaries, a new catalog of cool dwarf stars, the Far UV Spectrograph Explorer, and development of reflecting coronagraphs.

Giampapa, Mark S. (editor); Bookbinder, Jay A. (editor)

1992-01-01

214

IECON '87: Industrial applications of control and simulation; Proceedings of the 1987 International Conference on Industrial Electronics, Control, and Instrumentation, Cambridge, MA, Nov. 3, 4, 1987  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent advances in control-system design and simulation are discussed in reviews and reports. Among the topics considered are fast algorithms for generating near-optimal binary decision programs, trajectory control of robot manipulators with compensation of load effects via a six-axis force sensor, matrix integrators for real-time simulation, a high-level control language for an autonomous land vehicle, and a practical engineering design method for stable model-reference adaptive systems. Also addressed are the identification and control of flexible-limb robots with unknown loads, adaptive control and robust adaptive control for manipulators with feedforward compensation, adaptive pole-placement controllers with predictive action, variable-structure strategies for motion control, and digital signal-processor-based variable-structure controls.

Hartley, Tom T. (editor)

1987-01-01

215

Cool stars, stellar systems, and the sun; Proceedings of the 6th Cambridge Workshop, Seattle, WA, Sept. 18-21, 1989  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present conference on cool stars, stellar systems, and the sun encompasses stellar chromospheres and coronae, binary stars, the stellar evolution of contracting stars and red giants, stellar evolution abundances of the elements, mass loss and envelopes, and stellar pulsation. Specific issues addressed include theories regarding the acoustic and magnetic heating of stellar chromospheres and coronae, stellar granulation, wave heating in magnetic flux tubes, observations of the solar Ca-II lines, longitudinal-transverse magnetic tube waves in the solar atmosphere, radio emission from rapidly rotating cool giant stars, and spot temperatures and area coverages on active dwarf stars. Also addressed are the optical and UV spectra of RS-CVn stars, emission lines from T-Tauri stars, the spectroscopy of HR1614 group stars, red giants in external galaxies, the rotation of evolved stars, the transition from red giant to planetary nebula, and radiative transfer in the dynamic atmospheres of variable stars.

Wallerstein, George (editor)

1990-01-01

216

Sex offenders and sex offending in the Cambridge study in delinquent development: prevalence, frequency, specialization, recidivism, and (dis)continuity over the life-course  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of criminal careers has resulted in important descriptive information about the longitudinal patterns of offending over the life-course. Much of this research has examined more common patterns of general offending, typically among street offenders. An under-explored question is the extent to which distinct types of offenders display similar patterns on key criminal career dimensions. The current study examines

Alex R. Piquero; David P. Farrington; Wesley G. Jennings; Brie Diamond; Jessica Craig

2012-01-01

217

IECON '87: Signal acquisition and processing; Proceedings of the 1987 International Conference on Industrial Electronics, Control, and Instrumentation, Cambridge, MA, Nov. 3, 4, 1987  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Theoretical and applications aspects of signal processing are examined in reviews and reports. Topics discussed include speech processing methods, algorithms, and architectures; signal-processing applications in motor and power control; digital signal processing; signal acquisition and analysis; and processing algorithms and applications. Consideration is given to digital coding of speech algorithms, an algorithm for continuous-time processes in discrete-time measurement, quantization noise and filtering schemes for digital control systems, distributed data acquisition for biomechanics research, a microcomputer-based differential distance and velocity measurement system, velocity observations from discrete position encoders, a real-time hardware image preprocessor, and recognition of partially occluded objects by a knowledge-based system.

Niederjohn, Russell J.

1987-01-01

218

Fifth International Conference on Marine Bioinvasions held on May 21-24, 2007 at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Abstract Book.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: Mapping Invasions in Real Time; Patterns of Invasions in Time and Space; Factors Influencing Distribution of Didemnum sp. in Narragansett Bay; Phenotypic Plasticity in Claw Morphology of the Introduced Crab Carcinus Maenas in Response to...

2007-01-01

219

International Conference on MHD Electrical Power Generation, 7th, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, June 16-20, 1980, Proceedings. Volumes 1, 2 & 3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first volume of this conference on magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) for electrical power generation covers: (1) MHD pilot plants; (2) MHD generator experiments and modeling; (3) the performance of various MHD generator types; (4) MHD channel design considerations; (5) MHD channel materials considerations; (6) MHD system components, heat recovery and emissions; and (7) MHD oxidizers and inverters. The second volume deals with (8) MHD system magnets and combustors; (9) MHD field, flow and chemical processes; (10) MHD fluid dynamics; (11) MHD electrical power plant design; (12) current transfer and diagnostics; and (13) MHD power plant systems considerations.

Dawson, A. M.; Overlan, D.

220

National Association for Research in Science Teaching (NARST). Annual Meeting (65th, Cambridge, Massachusetts, March 21-25, 1992). Abstracts of Presented Papers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This product of an annual meeting presents abstracts of symposia, contributed papers, paper sets, discussion groups, reports, poster sessions, and panel presentations. Topics include: science teaching, gender differences, science education reform, constructivism, biological concepts, concept mapping, attitude/behavior change, conceptual…

Govindarajan, Girish, Ed.

221

PESC '82; Annual Power Electronics Specialists Conference, 13th, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, June 14-17, 1982, Record  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aspects of power electronics are addressed. The general topics discussed include: inverters and converters, modelling and analysis, motor drives, power conditioning appliances, power semiconductor devices, and power components and protection. Individual subjects considered include: dual-mode forward/flyback converter; a solar cell power supply system using a boost-type bidirectional DC-DC converter; complete DC analysis of the series resonant converter; variable structure control with sliding mode for DC drive speed regulation; a low-cost single-phase induction generator. Also covered are: small-signal modelling of a push-pull current-fed converter; programmable power processor for high-power space applications; high efficiency 3kW switch mode battery charger; comparison of BIMOS device types; power MOSFET temperature measurements; protection of power transistors in electric vehicle drives; general purpose variable frequency inverter using integrated power modules and LSI. For individual items see A84-18377 to A84-18408

222

Indications and Outcomes of the Components Separation Technique in the Repair of Complex Abdominal Wall Hernias: Experience From the Cambridge Plastic Surgery Department  

PubMed Central

Objectives: The components separation technique (CST) is a widely described abdominal wall reconstructive technique. There have, however, been no UK reports of its use, prompting the present review. Methods: Between 2008 and 2012, 13 patients who underwent this procedure by a single plastic surgeon (C.M.M.) were retrospectively evaluated. The indications, operative details, and clinical outcomes were recorded. Results: There were 7 women and 6 men in the series with a mean age of 53 years (range: 30-80). Patients were referred from a variety of specialties, often as a last resort. The commonest indication for CST was herniation following abdominal surgery. All operations except 1 were jointly performed with general surgeons (for bowel resection, stoma reversal, and hernia dissection). The operations lasted a mean of 5 hours (range: 3-8 hours). There were no major intra- and postoperative problems, except in 1 patient who developed intra-abdominal compartment syndrome, secondary to massive hemorrhage. All patients were satisfied with the cosmetic improvement in their abdominal contours. None of the patients have developed a clinical recurrence after a mean follow-up of 16 months (range: 3-38 months). Conclusions: The components separation technique is an effective method of treating large recalcitrant hernias but appears to be underutilized in the United Kingdom. The management of large abdominal wall defects requires a multidisciplinary approach, with input across a variety of specialities. Liaison with plastic surgery teams should be encouraged at an early stage and the CST should be more widely considered when presented with seemingly intractable abdominal wall defects.

Adekunle, Shola; Pantelides, Nicholas M.; Hall, Nigel R.; Praseedom, Raaj; Malata, Charles M.

2013-01-01

223

The School Leadership Challenge: Roles "and" Strategies "for" Philanthropy "to" Make a Difference. Education Grantmakers Institute (Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 15-17, 2007)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key part of Grantmakers for Education's program portfolio to improve education philanthropy, the biannual Education Grantmakers Institute provides an especially unique and effective venue for strengthening the skills and knowledge of grantmakers. Held at a leading academic institution, the Institute includes noted scholars and researchers…

Mackinnon, Anne

2007-01-01

224

The Psychology of Second Language Learning: Papers from the Second International Congress of Applied Linguistics, Cambridge, 8-12 September 1969.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 19 papers in this collection cover diversified topics in the general area of psychology and second language learning. No single method of language teaching emerges, but the complexity of second language behavior and the importance of psychology in the field are underlined. Several trends seem to be most prevalent. There is a new focus on the…

Pimsleur, Paul, Ed.; Quinn, Terence, Ed.

225

Institutional Research in a Changing Society. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the North East Association for Institutional Research (18th, Cambridge, Massachusetts, November 16-19, 1991).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains formal papers, keynote speeches and selected panel presentations delivered at a conference that addressed the issues, responsibilities and challenges faced by institutional researchers now and in the future. Papers are as follows: "Attrition and C.I.R.P. Correlates of a Measure of Self-Confidence Regarding Transition into…

Bauer, Karen, Ed.

226

Peptides. Chemistry and Biology: Proceedings of the American Peptide Symposium (12th) Held in Cambridge, Massachusetts on 16-21 June 1991.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

From the first and second sessions on peptide hormones and neuropeptides, one can gain an appreciation of the role to be fulfilled by peptide hormone analogs in medicine. There does not seem to be a single bioactive peptide family for which a therapeutic ...

J. A. Smith

1992-01-01

227

The Computer as a Teaching Tool: Promising Practices. Conference Report (Cambridge, Massachusetts, July 12-13, 1984). CR85-10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of a 1984 conference on the computer as a teaching tool provides summaries of presentations on the role of the computer in the teaching of science, mathematics, computer literacy, and language arts. Analyses of themes emerging from the conference are then presented under four headings: (1) The Computer and the Curriculum (the computer…

McDonald, Joseph P.; And Others

228

BOOK REVIEW: The Artful Universe Expanded  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The cosmos is an awfully big place and there is no better guide to its vast expanse and fascinating nooks and crannies than John Barrow. A professor of mathematical sciences at Cambridge University, Barrow embodies that rare combination of highly polished writer and expert scientist. His deft touch brings together the disparate threads of human knowledge and weaves them into a tapestry as rich and interesting for the expert as it is for the layperson. The Artful Universe Expanded is an updated edition of this popular book first published in 1995. It explores the deeply profound manner in which natural law and the nature of the cosmos have moulded and shaped us, our cultures and the very form of our arts and music—a new type of `cosmic' anthropology. The main themes Barrow chooses for revealing this new anthropology are the subjects of evolution, the size of things, the heavens and the nature of music. The book is a large, eclectic repository of knowledge often unavailable to the layperson,\\endcolumn hidden in esoteric libraries around the world. It rivals The Da Vinci Code for entertainment value and insights, but this time it is Nature’s code that is revealed. It is rare indeed to find common threads drawn through topics as diverse as The Beetles, Bach and Beethoven or between Jackson Pollock, the Aztecs, Kant, Picasso, Byzantine mosaics, uranium-235 and the helix nebula. Barrow unerringly binds them together, presenting them in a stimulating, conversational style that belies the amount of time that must have gone into researching this book. Dip into it at random, or read it from cover to cover, but do read it. The Artful Universe Expanded is an entertaining antidote to the oft-lamented pressures to know more and more about less and less and the apparently inexorable march of specialization. On reading this book one can, for a short time at least, hold in one’s mind a vision that unifies science, art and culture and glimpse a universal tapestry of great beauty.

Bassett, B. A.

2005-07-01

229

A: Reviews: General  

Microsoft Academic Search

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE HADITH. By John Burton. (Islamic Surveys.) Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 1994. 210 pp. Ł39.95 (hb); Ł16.95 (pb).POLITICS, GENDER, AND THE ISLAMIC PAST: THE LEGACY OF ‘A'ISHA BINT ABI BAKR. By D. A. Spellberg. New York, Columbia University Press, 1995. 250 pp. $35.00.MEDIEVAL ISMA'ILI HISTORY AND THOUGHT. Edited by Farhad Daftary. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1996. 331

David Waines; Suzanne Marchant; Oliver Leaman; Salih Özbaran; Richard Walker; Raymond A. Hinnebusch; Helmut Mejcher; Andrew Rathmell; John O. Voll; Peter Clark; Simon Murden; Emine Onaran Incirlio?lu; P. J. L. Frankl; Ronak Husni; Marilyn Booth; Helle Lykke Nielsen; Jennifer M. Scarce

1996-01-01

230

75 FR 16178 - Antitrust Division  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1993--Joint Venture Agreement Between Cambridge Major Laboratories, Inc. and Konarka...Joint Venture Agreement Between Cambridge Major Laboratories, Inc. and Konarka...Proposal Number 00- 00-7749) (``Cambridge and Konarka 00-00-7749'')...

2010-03-31

231

Semicondictor Diode  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by the University of Cambridge's Engineering Department, this page contains an interactive semicondictor diode animation. Additionally, a quiz and short exam are attached to help users better understand the concept of this digital model.

2008-10-23

232

October 23, 2006: Stars In Nutrition & Cancer  

Cancer.gov

Nutritional and Molecular Biomarkers in Diet and Cancer Epidemiology Star Speaker Sheila Bingham, PhD Director, Medical Research Council Centre for Nutrition in Cancer Prevention and Survival Dept. of Public Health and Primary Care University of Cambridge Head,

233

Versailles revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Manfred Boemeke, Gerald Feldman, and Elisabeth Glaser, The Treaty of Versailles: A Reassessment after 75 Years (New York: Cambridge University Press; and Washington, D.C.: German Historical Institute, 1998).

Marc Trachtenberg

2000-01-01

234

Numerical Methods Lecture Notes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains lecture notes from the Spring 1998 Numerical Methods course taught in the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics at the University of Cambridge, UK. The topics include finding roots, linear equations, numerical integration, and differential equations.

Dalziel, Stuart

2003-10-10

235

Ninth Annual V. M. Goldschmidt Conference.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This volume contains abstracts that have been accepted for presentation at the Ninth Annual V. M. Goldschmidt Conference, August 22-27, 1999, hosted by the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. The meeti...

1999-01-01

236

Small Rocket Instrumentation for Measurements of Infrared Emissions - Astrobee D 30.205-3 and Astrobee D 30.205-4.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two Astrobee D payloads, developed and instrumented at the Space Sciece Laboratory, Utah State University, under contract with the Air Force Cambridge Research Laboratories, were flown from Poker Flat, Alaska, as part of ICECAP 72 -- a continuing auroral ...

J. C. Kemp L. L. Jensen R. J. Bell

1972-01-01

237

Topology of the causal boundary for standard static spacetimesJ L Flores was supported in part by MCyT-FEDER Grant BFM2001-2871-C04-01, MECyD Grant EX2002-0612 and MEC Grant RyC-2004-382 and gratefully acknowledges the hospitality of the Department of Mathematics of Saint Louis University. S G Harris gratefully acknowledges the hospitality of the Department of Mathematics of the University of Missouri–Columbia. Both authors thank the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Cambridge, UK, for support during the Programme on Global Problems in Mathematical Relativity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The topology of the causal boundary for standard static spacetimes—spacetimes time-invariantly conformal to a metric product of the Lorentz line and a Riemannian manifold—is studied in depth. As this is given in terms of a set of real-valued functions on the Riemannian factor, one could use a function-space topology, but physical reasons recommend a chronological topology instead. The function-space topology

Jose' L. Flores; Steven G. Harris

2007-01-01

238

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

PETER S. WELLS. The Barbarians Speak: How the Conquered. Peoples Shaped Roman Europe. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999. Pp. xii, 335. $29.95 (US). Reviewed by Arthur M. EcksteinDAVID ABULAFIA, ed. The New Cambridge Medieval History: V: c. 1198–c. 1300. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Pp. xxiii, 1,045. $120.00 (US). Reviewed by T. N. BissonCHRISTOPH T. MAIER. Crusade Propaganda and

Arthur M. Eckstein; T. N. Bisson; James A. Brundage; John E. Wills Jr; Richard J. Butterwick; Randall Lesaffer; Trevor H. Levere; Natalie Zacek; Philip Woodfine; Eric Hinderaker; J. E. Cookson; Alan Frost; Daniel Crecelius; Feroz Ahmad; M. Berkowitz; Jeremy Black; Matthew S. Anderson; Graham Russell Hodges; Holger H. Herwig; Hermann J. Hiery; Ann Pottinger Saab; David Goldfrank; D. K. Fieldhouse; Ian Nish; David Ryan; Clive Moore; Francisco O. Ramirez; Keith Neilson; Michael Richards; Nicholas B. Cullather; James Searing; Raymond Evans; Deborah Montgomerie; Benjamin D. Rhodes; Joel Blatt; E. A. Rees; Alaric Searle; Edward J. Drea; Elisabeth Glaser; Milan Hauner; David Reynolds; Martin Thomas; Raymond A. Callahan; Coral Bell; John F. Hutchinson; Andrew Shennan; Peter Duus; V. R. Berghahn; Konrad H. Jarausch; Igor Lukes; Mary C. Wilson; William J. Duiker; William Johnston; Anne Deighton; Philip S. Khoury; Scott Lucas; Thomas Risse; William Lee Blackwood; David W. Levy; Sumit Ganguly; Michael Carver; Andrew Moravcsik; Virginia Martin; Stephen Blank; Gary B. Ostrower; Richard W. Bulliet; George J. Marcopoulos; Paul F. Diehl

2001-01-01

239

Books reviewed  

Microsoft Academic Search

James Ferguson, The Anti?Politics Machine: ‘Development’, Depoliticization and Bureaucratic Power in Lesotho (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 1990), xvi + 320pp, Ł32.50\\/ $49.50Peter Carstens, Gerald Klinghardt and Martin West (eds) Trails in the Thirstland: the Anthropological Diaries of Winifred Hoernli (Communications, No 14\\/1987, Centre for African Studies, University of Cape Town) pp vii + 198, Ł3.00Phyllis Johnson and David Martin, Apartheid

Frederick Cooper; Kate Crehan; Paul Moorcraft; Martin J. Murray; Heike Schmidt

1990-01-01

240

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arthur Waldron. The Great Wall of China: From History to Myth. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Pp. xiii, 296. $39.30 (us) Reviewed by John W. DardessMichael Mccormick. Eternal Victory: Triumphal Rulership in Late Antiquity, Byzantium and the Eariy Medieval West. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Pp. xx, 454. $4950 (us) Reviewed by Jonathan ShepardSylvia Schein. Fideles Cruets: The

John W. Dardess; Jonathan Shepard; James M. Powell; Irene B. Katele; Karl F. Friday; Donald Malcolm Reid; Robert H. Holmes; Thomas F. Sba; Robert Olwell; J. R. Jones; N. A. M. Rodger; Eric Richards; Anthony S. Nicolosi; Jane Errington; Bryant Ranft; Keith Neilson; I. C. Campbell; Brian Loveman; Richard H. Collin; Ted J. Warner; M. F. C. Bourdillon; Friedrich E. Schuller; Keith Jeffrey; J. K. Osterhammel; Ian F. Beckett; Carole Fink; F. R. Bridge; John W. Steinberg; Gerard J. De Groot; Mark Mazower; J. R. Ferris; Sheila M. Rinner; Robert J. Young; T. R. Ravindranathan; Paul A. Varg; Nicholas F. Clifford; Hilary Conroy; S. P. MacKenzie; Andrew Lambert; Robert Gellately; Werner Warmbrunn; Michael Schaller; Thomas Van Schwartz; Don M. Cregier; Lloyd E. Ambrosius; H. W. Brands; Wallaces J. Thies; Raymond A. Hinnebusch; Radomir V. Luza; Robert M. Hathaway; Wesley K. Wark; Terry Coop; Thomas Keating; Wesley B. Wooley; Robert Malcolmson; Stephen Pelz; Richard C. Thornton

1992-01-01

241

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pj. Heather. Goths and Romans, 332-489. New York: The Clarendon Press,Oxford University Press, 1991. Pp. xi, 378. $114.95 (CDN). Reviewed by Steven MuhlbergerCharles Tilly. Coercion, Capital, and European States, AD 990-1990. Oxfordand Cambridge, Mass.: Basil Blackwell, 1990. Pp. xi, 269. $39.95 (us). Reviewed by Jan BlommeDonald Matthew. The Norman Kingdom of Sicily. New York: CambridgeUniversity Press, 1992. Pp. xvi, 418.

Steven Muhlberger; Leuven Jan Blomme; James M. Powell; Michael Chaton; Donald C. Jackman; Gregory Evans Dowd; Charles R. Middleton; Joseph A. Fry; B. R. Tomlinson; Jocelyn Linnekin; Neville Thompson; Ann Pottinger Saab; Barry Eichengreen; Daniel J. Schroeter; Raymond F. Betts; G. Harries-Jenkins; John W. Bailey; Allen J. Greenberger; D. George Boyce; Roderic H. Davison; Dane Kennedy; Stephen Brooke; David B. Danbom; Gerard J. De Groot; Betty Miller Unterberger; Robert J. Young; Carole Fink; Hines H. Hall; Gerhard L. Weinberg; Priscilla Dale Jones; Alan S. Milward; M. L. Dockrill; David Stafford; Bo Petersson; Jacob Bercovitch; Melvyn P. Leffleh; Marvin R. Zahniser; Willard C. Frank Jr; Timothy M. Shaw; Callum Macdonald; Andrew Chandler; B. W. Muirhead; William J. Duiker; Michael Graham Fry; Colin Newbury; Robert Page; John M. Mackenzie; E. Timothy Smith; Donald Barry; T. B. Millar; Hendrik Spruyi; T. E. Vadney; Jack S. Levy; Sally Marks; John Simpson

1993-01-01

242

From Party Systems to Party Organizations: The Adaptation of Latin American Parties to Changing Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Review Article:

  • Alcántara Sáez, Manuel (ed.) (2008), Politicians and Politics in Latin America, Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers.<\\/li>
  • Greene, Kenneth F. (2007), Why Dominant Parties Lose. Mexico’s Democratization in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press.<\\/li>
  • Levitsky, Steven (2003), Transforming Labor-based Parties in Latin America: Argentine Peronism in Comparative Perspective, New York: Cambridge University Press. <\\/li><\\/ul>The study of party systems and political

    Laura Wills-Otero

    2009-01-01

243

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

JEREMY BLACK. Maps and Politics. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1997. Pp. 188. $35.00 (US). Reviewed by Peter C. PerduePAUL CARTLEDGE, ed. The Cambridge Illustrated History of Ancient Greece. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Pp. xix, 380. $39.95 (US). Reviewed by Stanley BursteinDEBRA HAMEL. Athenian Generals: Military Authority in the Classical Period. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1998.

Peter C. Perdue; Stanley Burstein; W. J. McCoy; David Braund; John Haldon; P. J. Casey; Stephen Morillo; Matthew Innes; Kenneth Morgan; G. V. Scammell; Geoffrey Parker; Paul Douglas Lockhart; Wyatt MacGaffey; Trevor Burnard; Jane Samson; John A. Lynn; Avigdor Levy; F. B. Smith; John K. Severn; Martha McLaren; Milton Israel; Tim Youngs; John Beeler; Paul Kennedy; David MacKenzie; Roger Owen; Mikael af Malmborg; George Barany; Jon Tetsuro Sumida; Ian Nish; Catherine R. Schenk; William Stueck; J. F. V. Keiger; Martin Kitchen; David Fromkin; Holger H. Herwig; Paul G. Halpern; Sherman W. Garnett; Norman E. Saul; Pamela M. Graves; Robert Freeman Smith; Sally Marks; Lloyd C. Gardner; Allan R. Millett; Jon V. Kofas; Michael Carver; Alfred E. Eckes; Glyn A. Stone; Margaret Lamb; Samir Saul; Peter Phelps; Nicholas J. White; Alan Powell; Robin Higham; Brian Holden Reid; Jay W. Baird; Gerhard L. Weinberg; I. C. Campbell; Robert H. Whealey; Peter J. van Baalen; Paul F. Diehl; Serhii Plokhy; William B. Quandt; Ham Avni; Jonathan Lewis; Stephen J. Randall; Andrew Zimbalist; Stephen G. Rabe; Kathleen Burk; Judith M. Brown; Linda Lim; Stephan Haggard; Andrew Moravcsik; Asad AbuKhalil; Alan S. Milward; Paul W. Schroeder

1999-01-01

244

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

VINCENT GABRIELSEN. The Naval Aristocracy of Hellenistic Rhodes. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 1997; dist. Oakville, Conn.: David Brown Book Company. Pp. 254. $30.00 (US). Reviewed by E. E. RiceDONALD DENOON, ed., with STEWART FIRTH, JOCELYN LINNEKIN, MALAMA MELEISEA, and KAREN NERO. The Cambridge History of the Pacific Islanders. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Pp. xvi, 518. $79.95 (US). Reviewed

E. E. Rice; Judith A. Bennett; Norman Housley; Karl S. Bottigheimer; Michael Palairet; Michael Jones; Larry Wolff; Mark A. Burkholder; Jacqueline Holler; Devin DeWeese; Geoffrey Parker; Nicholas Canny; J. L. Price; Clč Lesger; Palmira Brummett; John Flint; Antoinette Marie Sol; Alice Freifeld; Daniel Stone; Angelica Michelis; Brian R. Hamnett; Willem Floor; Michael Kaser; N. D. White; H. James Burgwyn; Holger H. Herwig; Nicholas Tarling; Nancy Mitchell; John A. Moses; John W. Cell; J. Kim Munholland; Gail Minault; Patricia Grimshaw; John Darwin; Diana Lary; Charles D. Smith; Roger Lloyd-Jones; Christopher M. Bell; Cary Fraser; Norman Etherington; Peter Duus; Keith Grieves; John W. Long; Martin Thomas; Alan Cassels; Richard Breitman; James J. Weingartner; Stephen R. Niblo; Malcolm H. Murfett; Diethelm Prowe; Ian D. Armour; Wayne S. Cole; Douglas Little; Michael B. Oren; Melvin Small; Dirk Hoerder; Robert O. Collins; Edward L. Cox; William R. Thompson; Lorenzo M. Crowell; Peter Suedfeld; Brian L. Job; Barry Buzan; Miriam Fendius Elman

1999-01-01

245

Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Meagre Harvest: The Australian Women's Movement, 1950s?1990s. By Gisela Kaplan. Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1996. Pp. xiii + 242. $29.95 paper.The Christesen Romance. By Judith Armstrong. Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1996. $29.95. Pp. 225 paper.The Politics of Australian Child Care: From Philanthropy to Feminism. By Deborah Brennan. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1994. Pp. xii + 242. $29.95 paper.Fair Enough:

Mary Spongberg; Humphrey McQueen; Shurlee Swain; Richard Waterhouse; Klaus Neumann; Jill Julius Matthews; Allan Gardiner; Stuart Macintyre; Marjorie Theobald; Jonathan Lamb; Tim Rowse; Cecily Close; Ian Inkster; Barrie Dyster; Lyn Yates; Elizabeth Mcmahon; Lyndall Ryan; Paul Magee; Alan Frost; Jill Roe

1997-01-01

246

Congestion Management with Tags or Smart Cards  

Microsoft Academic Search

Georgina Santos Department of Applied Economics University of Cambridge Cambridge CB3 9DE, UK Tel: + 44 1223 33 52 84 Fax: + 44 1223 33 52 99 Georgina. Santos@econ. cam. ac. uk Laurent Rojey 52, rue Alexandre Dumas 92500 Rueil-Malmaison FRANCE Tel: + 33 1 47 32 47 45 Laurent Rojey@polytechnique. org David Newbery Department of Applied Economics University of

Georgina Santos; Laurent Roje; David Newbery

247

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

D. M. LEWIS, JOHN BOARDMAN, SIMON HORNBLOWER, and M. OSTWALD. The Cambridge Ancient History: Volume VI: The Fourth Century BC, 2nd ed. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Pp. xix, 1,077. $155.00 (US). Reviewed by Anthony J. SpalingerN. J. HIGHAM. The English Conquest: Gildas and Britain in the Fifth Century. Manchester: Manchester University Press; dist. New York: St Martin's Press,

Anthony J. Spalinger; François Kerlouéga; John Obert Voll; Edwin G. Pulleyblank; Robert Holton; Robert Harms; Bernard S. Bachrach; C. Warren Hollister; Geoffrey Parker; Joseph Shatzmiller; P. M. Holt; Ian K. Sterle; Anthony Pagden; Julian Gwyn; Antonio Santosuosso; Charles Ingrao; F. G. Notehelfer; David G. Chandler; S. D. Chapman; A. J. R. Russell-Wood; Franklin W. Knight; Antony Best; Ulrich Trumpener; Ivo N. Lambi; F. R. Bridge; John J. Stephan; David Healy; Edward Rhodes; Lothar Höbelt; Marius B. Jansen; Sidney Pollard; F. L. Carsten; Tim Travers; Eric Grove; BüLent GüKay; Susan Wake; Douglas A. Lorimer; Larry L. Witherell; John Ferris; Lloyd E. Ambrosius; Joseph Maiolo; Stephen Fischer-Galati; Andrew J. Crozier; Roger Dingman; Matthew Evangelista; Lester D. Langley; Gennady Gorelik; Anna M. Cienciala; Marvin R. Zahniser; Robert J. Young; John Ramsden; Robert A. Divine; Peter Lowe; Peter Monteath; C. J. Bartlett; Martin Kitchen; J. L. Granatstein; Alan S. Milward; William Burr; David Harkness; Fred Halliday; John S. Hill; Randy Roberts; Jon Sumida; Richard D. C. Hallkner; Jim George; Ian Bremmer

1996-01-01

248

Methods for sperm concentration determination.  

PubMed

Proper assessment of the number of spermatozoa is essential not only as an initial step in every clinical infertility investigation [Björndahl et al (2010) A practical guide to basic laboratory andrology, 1st edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge] but also when attempting to establish the total sperm production in the testis [Amann (Hum Reprod 25:22-28, 2010); Amann (J Androl 30:626-641, 2009); Amann and Chapman (J Androl 30:642-649, 2009)]. Reliable methods combined with an understanding of the specific physiology involved as well as the main sources of errors related to the assessment of sperm concentration are critical for ensuring accurate concentration determination [Björndahl et al (2010) A practical guide to basic laboratory andrology, 1st edn. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge; World Health Organization (2010) WHO laboratory manual for the examination and processing of human semen. WHO, Geneva]. This chapter therefore focuses on these three aspects. PMID:22992898

Björndahl, Lars

2013-01-01

249

Structure–function relationships in the processing of regret in the orbitofrontal cortex  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influence of counterfactual thinking and regret on choice behavior has been widely acknowledged in economic science (Bell\\u000a in Oper Res 30:961–981, 1982; Kahneman and Tversky in Judgment under uncertainty: heuristics and biases. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 201–210,\\u000a 1982; Loomes and Sugden in Econ J 92:805–824, 1982). Neuroimaging studies have only recently begun to explore the neural correlates of

Tobias Sommer; Jan Peters; Jan Gläscher; Christian Büchel

2009-01-01

250

Review of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

JOHN BOARDMAN et al., eds. The Cambridge Ancient History. Volume III, pt. 2: The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries BC. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991. Pp. xix, 906. $125.00 (us). Reviewed by William M. CalderH. T. WALLINGA. Ships and Sea-Power before the Great Persian War: The

William M. Calder III; J. F. Lazenby; Uriel Rappaport; H. E. J. Cowdrey; Ian K. Steele; Amy Turner Bushnell; André Wink; Conrad Russell; H. M. Scott; Luca Codignola; Ian Gentles; Philip Woodfine; F. W. Carter; Jeremy Black; John Bohstedt; M. S. Anderson; Hannah Gay; Brendan Carnduff; Lucy Riall; Marjorie M. Farrar; Richard Bosworth; John Bushnell; Peter Lowe; Hilary Conroy; Peter Shin; A. Hamish Ion; Maarten Kuitenbrouwer; John W. Coogan; Peter J. Cain; Michael Jabara Carley; Trevor Wilson; M. B. Biskupski; Robert J. Young; Philip M. Taylor; Carole Fink; Qiang Zhai; Trevor Burridge; William D. Irvine; Bennett Kovrig; T. Michael Ruddy; S. P. Mackenzie; Martin Kitchen; Thomas Schoonover; William R. Polk; Robert D. Cuff; Melvyn P. Leffler; L. H. Gann; Ritchie Ovendale; Robert H. Ferrell; John Erickson; Lawrence Freedman; Ronald C. Newton; Fred Halliday; Stuart A. Cohen; Frank Ninkovich; T. H. E. Travers

1994-01-01

251

A: Reviews: general  

Microsoft Academic Search

BYZANTIUM AND THE EARLY ISLAMIC CONQUESTS. By WALTER E. KAEGI. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1992. xiii, 313pp. 5 maps, 2 pp. of plates. Ł45.00 (hb).STUDIES IN EARLY MUSLIM JURISPRUDENCE. By NORMAN CALDER. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1993. xiv, 257pp. Ł35.00.GOLDEN ROADS: MIGRATION, PILGRIMAGE AND TRAVEL IN MEDIAEVAL AND MODERN ISLAM. Edited by IAN RICHARD NETTON. Richmond (Surrey), Curzon Press, 1993. xvii,

C. Edmund Bosworth; Bernard Weiss; Dale F. Eickelman; Christine Woodhead; Nelly Hanna; P. M. Holt; E. J. Zürcher; Gerd Nonneman; Raymond A. Hinnebusch; Roger Tomkys; J. M. Wagstaff; Simon Murden; Helga Graham; Briton C. Busch; P. J. L. Frankl; John O. Voll; Andrew Rathmell; Aaron P. Willis; Dawn Chatty; Shelagh Weir; Keith Mclachlan; Forouz Jowkar; Zenon Stavrinides; Maribel Fierro; Oliver Leaman; Falah A. Jabbar; Youssef M. Choueiri; Rodney Wilson; William L. Hanaway; Susan Gilson Miller; Hilary Kilpatrick; Walter B. Denny; George T. Scanlon

1994-01-01

252

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

MICHAEL LOEWE and EDWARD L. SHAUGHNESSY, eds. The Cambridge History of Ancient China: From the Origins of Civilization to 221 BC. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999. Pp. xxix, 1,148. $130.00 (US). Reviewed by Edwin G. PulleyblankPEREGRINE HORDEN and NICHOLAS PURCELL. The Corrupting Sea: A Study of Mediterranean History. Oxford and Maiden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2000. Pp. xiii, 761. $34.95 (US),

Edwin G. Pulleyblank; Richard Hodges; Peter Stewart; Zofia H. Archibald; Arthur M. Eckstein; David C. Wright; Uta-Renate Blumenthal; Bernard Hamilton; Nick Barratt; Hilmar Pabel; Kendall W. Brown; Peter O. Pierson; Herman Prins Salomon; Christon I. Archer; Jane Ohlmeyer; Paola Bianchi; Susan Naquin; Ira M. Lapidus; William T. Rowe; Caroline Finkel; Teresita Martínez Vergne; Keith Jeffery; Gerald Studdert-Kennedy; David Bushnell; Eduardo Posada-Carbó; John K. Severn; Milan Vego; Paul Kennedy; Kent Fedorowich; Douglas A. Lorimer; Paul M. Canning; Reinhard R. Doerries; Sheldon Watts; T. E. Vadney; William B. Cohen; Efraim Karsh; H. James Burgwyn; Thomas W. Burkman; Andrew J. Crozier; Carole K. Fink; Roger Owen; Christopher M. Bell; Alan Cassels; R. J. B. Bosworth; Neville Thompson; Joseph A. Biesinger; Earl F. Ziemke; D. W. Spring; Jonathan Rosenberg; Dennis E. Showalter; Carl Boyd; Mechthild Leutner; Kriste Lindenmeyer; Mats Berdal; Frank Ninkovich; T. Michael Ruddy; Albert Lau; Jeffrey Glauque; Ilan Pappé; M. W. Daly; Lloyd C. Gardner; Julia Nanay; Peter Wilson; David D. Newsom; Andreas Fahrmeir; Cathal J. Nolan

2001-01-01

253

The TACC domain identifies a family of centrosomal proteins that can interact with microtubules  

Microsoft Academic Search

* Wellcome\\/Cancer Research Campaign Institute and Department of Genetics, Tennis Court Road, Cambridge CB2 1QR, United Kingdom; Center for Molecular Genetics, The Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195; and § Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QH, United Kingdom Edited by J. Richard McIntosh, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, and approved October

Fanni Gergely; Christina Karlsson; Ivan Still; John Cowell; John Kilmartin; Jordan W. Raff

2000-01-01

254

Short review and book note  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Bhagavata-Purana, Translated and annotated by Ganesh Vasudeo Tagare. Ancient Indian tradition and mythology series, vol. VII, Part I. Delhi, Motilal Banarsidass 1976. Rs. 50.00Joseph Head and S. L. Cranston, Reincarnation: The phoenix fire mystery, New York, Crown 1977. xix + 620 pp. $10.00Grace G. Harris, Casting out anger. Religion among the Taita of Kenya, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press 1978,

Fred Morgan; L. S Cousins; Paul Heelas; J. A Black; Alan Unterman; Stephen J Reno; D. H Killingley; Rosamund McKitterick; W. R Ward; James W Heisig; Ninian Smart; Th. Emil Homerin; Stuart Mews

1980-01-01

255

BOOK REVIEW: Universe or Multiverse?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More than 2000 years ago, Epicurus taught that there are an infinite number of other worlds, both like and unlike ours, and Aristotle taught that there are none. Neither hypothesis can currently be falsified, and this issue of potential for falsification (that is testability) goes to the heart of many of the chapters in Carr's book. All but one of the 27 chapters, provided by 27 pundits (almost but not quite a one-to-one mapping) are written versions of talks given at one of three meetings, held between 2001 and 2005 at Stanford and Cambridge Universities and partly sponsored by the Templeton Foundation. Every reader will surely find some chapters interesting and informative, some provocative, and some rather vacuous. These will not be the same chapters for all readers. Two 'conflict of interest' statements: first, I spoke at one of these meetings, but was not one of those asked to provide a chapter. And, second, the first time I suggested in a lecture for scientists that 'many universes, either in temporal succession or embedded in higher dimensional space' was a possible explanation of the habitability of ours was fall 1974, shortly after Brandon Carter's first paper on anthropic principles and explanations, but before Bernard Carr and Martin Rees's 1979 Nature paper, which presented all the anthropic arguments then known and divided them into numbers that required no additional physics beyond the four standard forces (like the number of particles in a star) and those that seemed essential for life but not calculable (like the ratio of the electromagnetic to nuclear force constant). My other three possibilities were 'G.d has been very careful' (now called intelligent design), additional physics to be learned, and shear complexity. The core multiverse concept is that our universe (the 4-dimensional spacetime with which we are or could be connected and all its contents) is one of many, perhaps infinitely many, probably with different values of the constants of nature and other physical differences, which cannot communicate with ours even in principle. Such ensembles are predicted by some versions of inflation, string and M-theory. The anthropic principle is the idea that our universe has (or even must have) the structure, physics, chemistry and all required for me to be writing this and you to be reading it (editors are optional). Both concepts have firm supporters and firm opponents among the 26 male and one female authors. The woman, M-theorist Renata Kallosh, is for, and provides hints of how one might calculate, at least, the likelihood of our universe within an ensemble (a sort of testability). Her chapter is fairly heavy going in isolation, and readers who don't normally think about antisymmetric tensor gauge fields might want to start with John Donaghue, who explains what a particle physicist means by 'naturalness' and suggests that the known spectrum of quark and lepton masses might be a signature of multiverse origins. Given the Templeton sponsorship, you might reasonably want to know the extent to which 'progress in spirituality' has conditioned the topics covered. The answer is 'somewhat', in that authors range from the avowedly atheist (Stephen Hawking) to evangelical Christian quantum cosmologist Don Page, with stop-overs among the Jesuits (William Stoeger), philosophers of religion (Robin Collins), and the (I think) teleologists Paul Davies and John Barrow. There is also among the authors strong divergence of opinion on whether Hugh Everett's version of many worlds is (just) a quantum multiverse (Tegmark), almost certainly correct and meaningful (Page), or almost certainly wrong or meaningless (Carter). And two chapters, by Smolin and Weinberg, suggest that even the classic fine-tuning required for carbon to be formed from three helium nuclei may not be anthropically essential for a habitable universe. The last word belongs to Steven Weinberg. On previous occasions, Martin Rees has said that he has enough confidence in the multiverse to bet his dog's life on it, while Andrei Linde said he would bet his own

Trimble, Virginia

2008-11-01

256

Conveying the Meaning of the Economic Crisis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late summer of 2008, after the 2007-2008 fiscal year's books had closed, the nation's wealthiest universities were confronted with an unfamiliar sight: single-digit endowment returns. Not since 2003 had Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts), Princeton University (Princeton, New Jersey), or Stanford University (Stanford, California)…

Anderson, Luke A.

2010-01-01

257

SFAS No. 123 Stock-Based Compensation Expense and Equity Market Values  

Microsoft Academic Search

We appreciate the helpful comments and suggestions from workshop participants at Cambridge University, especially Ken Peasnell the discussant, Carnegie Mellon University, Columbia University, University of New South Wales Australian Graduate School of Management Research Camp, and Stanford Accounting Summer Camp, Bill Beaver, Jules Cassel, Greg Clinch, Stephen Penman, and Richard Sloan. We also appreciate the research assistance of Hung-Ken Chien

David Aboody; Mary E. Barth; Ron Kasznik

2004-01-01

258

Economic dynamics with financial fragility and mean-field interaction: A model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Following Aoki’s statistical mechanics methodology [Masanao Aoki, New Approaches to Macroeconomic Modeling, Cambridge University Press, 1996; Masanao Aoki, Modeling Aggregate Behaviour and Fluctuations in Economics, Cambridge University Press, 2002; Masanao Aoki, and Hiroshi Yoshikawa, Reconstructing Macroeconomics, Cambridge University Press, 2006], we provide some insights into the well-known works of [Bruce Greenwald, Joseph Stiglitz, Macroeconomic models with equity and credit rationing, in: R. Hubbard (Ed.), Information, Capital Markets and Investment, Chicago University Press, Chicago, 1990; Bruce Greenwald, Joseph Stiglitz, Financial markets imperfections and business cycles, Quarterly journal of Economics (1993)]. Specifically, we reach analytically a closed form solution of their models overcoming the aggregation problem. The key idea is to represent the economy as an evolving complex system, composed by heterogeneous interacting agents, that can be partitioned into a space of macroscopic states. This meso level of aggregation permits to adopt mean-field interaction modeling and master equation techniques.

Di Guilmi, C.; Gallegati, M.; Landini, S.

2008-06-01

259

The Relationship between Career Guidance and Financial Guidance. Report on a NICEC/CRAC Policy Consultation Held on 21-22 April 1999 at Madingley Hall, Cambridge. CRAC NICEC Conference Briefing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 29 representatives of government departments, financial organizations, career guidance organizations, and researchers and career and financial guidance, practitioners from across the United Kingdom discussed the similarities and differences between the fields of career guidance and financial guidance, and explored whether closer links…

Watts, Tony

260

The Seas and the Waterways - The New Frontier. Proceedings of the Annual Sea Grant Lecture and Symposium (6th) Held at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts on 19 September 1977.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The sixth Annual Sea Grant Lecture and Symposium, held at MIT on 19 September 1977, included discussions on: ship registration; ship safety standards; a worldwide ocean policy; the Panama Canal treaty; and marine centers.

1977-01-01

261

Diet Quality of American School-Age Children by School Lunch Participation Status: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2004. Cambridge, MA: Abt Associates, Inc. and Mathematica Policy Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is the oldest food assistance program in the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s nutrition safety net. Strategies for improving the diets of NSLP participants are crucial for meeting children’s nutritional needs, fostering healthy eating habits, and safeguarding children’s health. This report examines the nutrient intakes, food choices, and diet quality of NSLP participants and nonparticipants.

Nancy Cole; Mary Kay Fox

2008-01-01

262

Calculated Sunspot and Quiet-Sun Mg II Profiles Compared With IRIS DataEugene Avrett and Hui TianHarvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new sunpsot model has been derived, consistent with the SUMER atlas data of Curdt, et al. and Mg II profile data from IRIS. Comparisons are made with Quiet-Sun results from both sources. It is necessary to include molecules in the sunspot model not only account for the low brightness temperatures near 1850 /AA but also for the density variations higher in the atmosphere. The minimum temperature is roughly 2500 K in the sunspot model and 4500 K for the quiet Sun. The Mg II H line profile is centrally reversed in both cases, with the peak intensity originating where the temperature rises abruptly from the minimum value. The line center is formed at the top of the chromosphere where the temperature rises abruptly from 10,000 K into the chromosphere-corona transition region. The calculated Mg II line center intensity is much smaller than observed, for models constrained by the EUV continuum data.

Avrett, Eugene H.

2014-06-01

263

Reduction of Postsurgical Adhesion Formation in the Rabbit Uterine Horn Model with Use of Hyaluronate\\/ Carboxymethylcellulose Gel 1 1 Supported by Genzyme Corporation, Protocol No. 92-0902, Cambridge, Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the efficacy of a bioabsorbable gel for reducing primary postoperative adhesions.Design: A randomized, prospective, blinded study.Setting: Academic research environment.Animals: Forty-one New Zealand rabbits.Intervention(s): A chemically modified hyaluronate and carboxymethylcellulose (HA\\/CMC) gel formulation was applied to a bilateral uterine horn injury. Postoperative adhesions were assessed at a second-look laparoscopy.Main Outcome Measure(s): The uterine horn model was shown to

Richard E Leach; James W Burns; Elizabeth J Dawe; Michelle D SmithBarbour; Michael P Diamond

1998-01-01

264

Proceedings of the anatomical society of great britain and ireland, the nederlandse anatomen vereniging and the anatomische gesellschaft.  

PubMed

A Tripartite Meeting of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland, the Nederlandse Anatomen Vereniging and the Anatomische Gesellschaft was held at St John's College, University of Cambridge, from 24th - 26th July 2000. It included symposia on 'The neuroanatomical basis of the emergence of behaviour' and on 'Anatomy, the challenges ahead' An Anatomical Society Review Lecture was given by Professor Martin Johnson of the University of Cambridge, and a European Federation for Experimental Morphology (EFEM) Lecture by Professor Karl Zilles of the University of Düsseldorf. The following are abstracts of communications and posters presented at the meeting. PMID:17103664

2001-03-01

265

Open Access Metadata, Catalogers, and Vendors: The Future of Cataloging Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The open access (OA) movement is working to transform scholarly communication around the world, but this philosophy can also apply to metadata and cataloging records. While some notable, large academic libraries, such as Harvard University, the University of Michigan, and the University of Cambridge, released their cataloging records under OA…

Flynn, Emily Alinder

2013-01-01

266

Studying Management. Inaugural Lecture,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of the paper is to describe what the study of Management is, why Universities in general, and this one in particular, should pursue this study, and how the recent establishment of this subject on a proper basis at Cambridge University should b...

S. R. Watson

1987-01-01

267

Inclusive Education at a BRAC School--Perspectives from the Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tahiya Mahbub is a lecturer in English studies at North South University located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. In this article, she presents some of the data on which her MPhil thesis, completed at the University of Cambridge Faculty of Education, was based. This research was carried out in Bangladesh, focusing on a primary school run by the…

Mahbub, Tahiya

2008-01-01

268

Sam Mbulaiteye Awarded Scientific Tenure  

Cancer.gov

Dr. Mbulaiteye received his primary medical degree in 1990 from Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda. He earned an M.Phil. in epidemiology and biostatistics in 1994 from the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom (U.K.), and received specialization in internal medicine (M.

269

Group Face in Korea and the United States: Taking Responsibility for the Individual and the Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Brown and Levinson's ([1978] Politeness: Some universals in language use, Cambridge University Press, 1987) politeness theory has been criticized as being ethnocentric by displaying a Western preoccupation with autonomy and individualism. Many non-western societies, it is argued, are better understood by appealing to cultural discernment or group…

Hahn, Jee-Won; Hatfield, Hunter

2011-01-01

270

Living with a Disability that Others do Not Understand.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Last year, Martyn Rouse organised a project focused on inclusive education for the British Council. As part of the link between the University of Cambridge, the Ministry of Education in Kenya and Kenyatta University, your editor was lucky enough to be invited to visit Kenya. Martyn and I spent much of our time running workshops and attending…

Munyere, Alex

2004-01-01

271

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy of 1966 photo by ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy of 1966 photo by B. Orr, Neg. No. C39N9A2 102, for Cambridge Historical Commission EXTERIOR FROM QUINCY STREET - Mrs. David Greenough House, 42 Quincy Street, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

272

76 FR 5829 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...September 1, 2010, 75 FR 53719, Cambridge Isotope Lab, 50 Frontage Road, Andover, Massachusetts...determined that the registration of Cambridge Isotope Lab to manufacture the listed basic class...Page 5830

2011-02-02

273

75 FR 11197 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Pistoia Alliance...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...under specified circumstances. Specifically, Infosys Technologies Ltd., Bridgewater, NJ; CambridgeSoft, San Diego, CA; Merck, Boston, MA; Collaborative Drug Discovery, Burlingame, CA; Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UNITED KINGDOM;...

2010-03-10

274

The production of oxygen and metal from lunar regolith  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present article summarises the various methods that have been, and still are, explored for the production of oxygen from lunar materials. These include the classical concepts based on chemical reduction with hydrogen or methane, vapour phase pyrolysis, sulphuric acid treatment, and molten oxide electrolysis. Our main focus in this paper is on a novel approach developed at the University of Cambridge that employs molten salt electrochemistry to achieve the combined winning of oxygen and metal from solid lunar materials of varying composition. This makes the Cambridge process attractive because it will work equally well in mare as in highland regions. We also discuss the implications of the recent apparent discovery of water ice at the poles of the Moon and conclude that, even if this discovery is confirmed, it will nevertheless be desirable to provide oxygen at non-polar localities, and the Cambridge process is a strong candidate for achieving this.

Schwandt, Carsten; Hamilton, James A.; Fray, Derek J.; Crawford, Ian A.

2012-12-01

275

A natural history of mathematics: George Peacock and the making of English algebra.  

PubMed

In a series of papers read to the Cambridge Philosophical Society through the 1820s, the Cambridge mathematician George Peacock laid the foundation for a natural history of arithmetic that would tell a story of human progress from counting to modern arithmetic. The trajectory of that history, Peacock argued, established algebraic analysis as a form of universal reasoning that used empirically warranted operations of mind to think with symbols on paper. The science of counting would suggest arithmetic, arithmetic would suggest arithmetical algebra, and, finally, arithmetical algebra would suggest symbolic algebra. This philosophy of suggestion provided the foundation for Peacock's "principle of equivalent forms," which justified the practice of nineteenth-century English symbolic algebra. Peacock's philosophy of suggestion owed a considerable debt to the early Cambridge Philosophical Society culture of natural history. The aim of this essay is to show how that culture of natural history was constitutively significant to the practice of nineteenth-century English algebra. PMID:23961689

Lambert, Kevin

2013-06-01

276

40 CFR 52.1134 - Regulation limiting on-street parking by commuters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Commonwealth, the City of Boston, the City of Cambridge, and administrative bodies of any of...highways, or roadways within the City of Cambridge or Boston proper, and the principal...30 a.m., and within the City of Cambridge between the hours of 7 a.m....

2010-07-01

277

40 CFR 52.1134 - Regulation limiting on-street parking by commuters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Commonwealth, the City of Boston, the City of Cambridge, and administrative bodies of any of...highways, or roadways within the City of Cambridge or Boston proper, and the principal...30 a.m., and within the City of Cambridge between the hours of 7 a.m....

2009-07-01

278

76 FR 77257 - Manufacturer of Controlled Substances; Notice of Registration  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...August 18, 2011, 76 FR 51400, Cambridge Isotope Lab, 50 Frontage Road, Andover, Massachusetts...determined that the registration of Cambridge Isotope Lab to manufacture the listed basic class...time. DEA has investigated Cambridge Isotope Lab to ensure that the company's...

2011-12-12

279

Colleges and universities continue to respond to students' concerns about sustainability by crafting environmentally-friendly policies and initiatives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

BU makes 'green' honor rollhttp://www.pressconnects.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080729/NEWS01/807290329/1001UO makes honor roll for sustainabilityhttp://www.registerguard.com/csp/cms/sites/dt.cms.support.viewStory.cls?cid=125402&sid=4&fid=1Green Rating Honor Rollhttp://www.princetonreview.com/green-honor-roll.aspx?uidbadge=Harvard Green Campus Initiativehttp://www.greencampus.harvard.edu/Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education [pdf]http://www.aashe.org/index.phpStudents entering college this coming academic year have grown up in a society that is increasingly concerned about the fate of the environment, and many of them have taken active steps to reduce their carbon footprint through a variety of means. Colleges and universities are following suit, and institutions from Harvard University to the University of Oregon are starting to offer "green-friendly" dormitories, solar energy initiatives on campus, and a plethora of compost piles. The Princeton Review acknowledged this welcome trend by offering up their first "Green Rating Honor Roll", which was released earlier this week. The honor roll rankings were developed in tandem with ecoAmerica, a non-profit environmental marketing agency, and the survey used to create these rankings drew on questions about energy use, recycling, transportation, and other metrics. This year's honor roll included Arizona State University, the College of the Atlantic, and Bates College in Maine. Commenting on this recent trend, Julian Dautremont-Smith of the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education remarked, "The current generation of students wants to go to schools that take their environmental responsibility seriously. In the last two or three years, it's really picked up, past some sort of tipping point." The first link will take users to an article from this Tuesday's Boston Globe about the growing trend of environmentally friendly initiatives on campuses across the United States. The second link leads to a news piece from the Binghamton Press & Sun Bulletin's Tuesday edition about the recent inclusion of Binghamton University on the green honor roll created by The Princeton Review. Not to be outdone, the Eugene Register-Guard reported about the recent green honor roll nod received by the University of Oregon, and interested parties can read all about it by clicking over to the third link. Moving on, the fourth link will take users to The Princeton Review's Green Ratings Honor Roll. Here, visitors can learn about those institutions that received a "99 rating" in their rating tallies. The fifth link leads to the homepage of the Harvard Green Campus Initiative and visitors can learn about the many projects underway on their grounds in both Boston and Cambridge. The last link leads users to the homepage of the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE). Here, visitors will find great case study materials, news on campus "green" initiatives, and information on professional development.

2008-08-01

280

Recent Work on Solid Friction at the Research Laboratory for the Physics and Chemistry of Solids  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a review of some of the recent work which has been done in the Research Laboratory for the Physics and Chemistry of Solids, University of Cambridge. Three main topics are discussed: (a) The friction and wear of materials at very high rates of sliding. When a ball, spinning at high velocity, is brought into contact with a

Anita I. Bailey

1961-01-01

281

Harvesting the Sun's Energy with Antennas  

ScienceCinema

Researchers at Idaho National Laboratory, along with partners at Microcontinuum Inc. (Cambridge, MA) and Patrick Pinhero of the University of Missouri, are developing a novel way to collect energy from the sun with a technology that could potentially cost pennies a yard, be imprinted on flexible materials and still draw energy after the sun has set.

INL

2009-09-01

282

Open-Vocabulary Speech Indexing for Voice and Video Mail Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents recentwork on amultimedia retrieval project at Cambridge University and Olivetti Research Limited (ORL). We present novel techniques that allow extremely rapid audio indexing, at rates approaching several thousand times real time. Unlike other methods, these techniques do not depend on a fixed vocabulary recognition system or on keywords that must be known well in advance. Using statistical

M. G. Brown; J. T. Foote; Gareth J. F. Jones; Karen Sparck Jones; S. J. Young

1996-01-01

283

Evolution of the New Economy Business Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

An earlier version of this paper is forthcoming in Eric Brousseau and Nicolas Curien, eds., The Economics of the Internet, Cambridge University Press. I am currently elaborating and detailing the arguments made here in a book for the W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, tentatively entitled, The New Economy Business Model and Sustainable Prosperity: The Future of High-Tech Employment

William Lazonick

2005-01-01

284

Modelling Mathematical Argumentation: The Importance of Qualification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years several mathematics education researchers have attempted to analyse students' arguments using a restricted form of Toulmina's ["The Uses of Argument," Cambridge University Press, UK, 1958] argumentation scheme. In this paper we report data from task-based interviews conducted with highly talented postgraduate mathematics students,…

Inglis, Matthew; Mejia-Ramos, Juan; Simpson, Adrian

2007-01-01

285

The Second Student-Run Homeless Shelter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From 1983-2011, the Harvard Square Homeless Shelter (HSHS) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, was the only student-run homeless shelter in the United States. However, college students at Villanova, Temple, Drexel, the University of Pennsylvania, and Swarthmore drew upon the HSHS model to open their own student-run homeless shelter in Philadelphia,…

Seider, Scott C.

2012-01-01

286

Restorative Justice Programs, Gender, and Recidivism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Restorative justice programs, which attempt to reintegrate offenders into society by building and strengthening interpersonal relationships, may provide the juvenile justice system with an effective option for female offenders. If women and men have different values, and women value connections with others while men value independence and autonomy [Gilligan, C. (1982). In A Different Voice. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press],

Lori Elis

2005-01-01

287

Personal Characteristics and Sex Differentials in Professional Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that estimated earnings functions separately for males and females within a large enterprise in the United Kingdom in order to evaluate the impact of sex discrimination on salary differences compared to the impact of other differences in employee characteristics. Available from: Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street,…

Chiplin, B.; Sloane, P. J.

1976-01-01

288

Macro Simulations for PCs in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The macroeconomic model in Ray C. Fair's textbook, "Specification, Estimation, and Analysis of Macroeconometric Models" (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984), has been programed to run on a personal computer. The model consists of 128 equations. The model's potential for use as a teaching tool is discussed. (RM)

Case, Karl E.; Fair, Ray C.

1985-01-01

289

The Contribution Made by School Milk to the Nutrition of Primary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study discusses the assessment of the contribution of school milk to the nutrition of 396 Kent primary school children aged eight to eleven years, using information collected in a survey which included a weighed diet record, a socio-economic questionnaire, and a medical examination. [Available from Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street,…

Cook, Judith; And Others

1975-01-01

290

Internal Labour Mobility in the Teaching Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In general, the results show that teachers respond to earnings differentials, be those differentials in the form of actual salary differences or in the form of differences in career prospects. Available from Cambridge University Press, 32 East 57th Street, New York, New York 10022; single copy $16.50 plus postage. (Author/IRT)

Zabalza, A.

1978-01-01

291

Exploring Key Sustainable Development Themes through Learning Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to examine how a number of key themes are introduced in the Master's programme in Engineering for Sustainable Development, at Cambridge University, through student-centred activities. These themes include dealing with complexity, uncertainty, change, other disciplines, people, environmental limits, whole life…

Cruickshank, Heather; Fenner, Richard

2012-01-01

292

Automatic recovery of invisible image watermarks from geometrically distorted images  

Microsoft Academic Search

One method of attacking an imbedded invisible watermark is to create a derivative image that is geometrically distorted relative to the original. One attack, developed at Cambridge University, is called 'StirMark.' Image-distorting methods modify images so subtly that the changes are essentially unnoticeable to a viewer. However, their effect on invisible watermarks can be devastating, rendering them unextractable. In this

Gordon W. Braudaway; Frederick C. Mintzer

2000-01-01

293

Automatic recovery of invisible image watermarks from geometrically distorted images  

Microsoft Academic Search

One method of attacking an imbedded invisible watermark is to create a derivative image that is geometrically distorted relative to the original. One attack, developed at Cambridge University, is called `StirMark.' Image-distorting methods modify images so subtly that the changes are essentially unnoticeable to a viewer. However, their effect on invisible watermarks can be devastating, rendering them unextractable. In this

Gordon W. Braudaway; Frederick C. Mintzer

2000-01-01

294

Frontiers in Geographical Teaching. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Composed of three parts, "Concepts,""Techniques," and "Teaching," this volume of essays by British geographers emerged from the editors' geography education courses and symposia at Cambridge University. It is addressed to two questions: what is happening in geography? and, what impact does this have on school geography? "Concepts" has seven essays…

Chorley, Richard J., Ed.; Haggett, Peter, Ed.

295

Preface  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Oskar Klein Memorial Lecture and Seminar in 1990 were given by Hans A. Bethe, professor at Cornell University, Ithaca, USA, and Nobel Prize winner in Physics in 1967. The 1991 speaker was Alan H. Guth, professor at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA...

Ekspong, Gösta

2014-03-01

296

Ludwig: My Pedagogical Part  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ludwig Wittgenstein taught only a couple of Australian philosophers, at Cambridge in the late 1940s, and one of them, Frank "Camo" Jackson (Chair, Philosophy, Monash University) taught the author epistemology and philosophical psychology in the 1970s. In this article, the author describes how this teaching was central to his subsequent work in…

Beckett, David

2009-01-01

297

Bootstrapping Word Order in Prelexical Infants: A Japanese-Italian Cross-Linguistic Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning word order is one of the earliest feats infants accomplish during language acquisition [Brown, R. (1973). "A first language: The early stages", Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.]. Two theories have been proposed to account for this fact. Constructivist/lexicalist theories [Tomasello, M. (2000). Do young children have adult…

Gervain, Judit; Nespor, Marina; Mazuka, Reiko; Horie, Ryota; Mehler, Jacques

2008-01-01

298

Student Voice and Future Schools: Building Partnerships for Student Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the early stages in the formation of a partnership between the University of Cambridge Faculty of Education and a group of secondary schools to develop a variety of approaches to student participation. The article focuses primarily on research undertaken by over 100 students in 12 secondary schools in Kent, and the Highest…

Frost, Ros; Holden, Gary

2008-01-01

299

Life as a Married Couple with Learning Disabilities: Rewards and Challenges Times Two  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the outcomes and issues for married couples who are graduates of the Threshold Program at Lesley University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Threshold is a non-degree post-secondary program that aims to help young adults with severe learning disabilities and low-average intelligence develop the skills necessary to make the transition…

Yuan, Frances

2010-01-01

300

The Strange New World of Nanoscience  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This short film from the University of Cambridge introduces the field of nanoscience. The film would be a good introduction to the nanoscale, and the applications of nanotechnology, for students learning these concepts for the first time. Narrated by Stephen Fry, running time for this video is 17:27.

2013-07-04

301

Does the Modality Effect Exist? And if so, Which Modality Effect?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The modality effect is a central issue in multimedia learning [see Mayer (Cambridge University Press, 2005a), for a review]. Sweller's Cognitive Load Theory (CLT), for example, presumes that an illustrated text is better understood when presented visually rather than orally. The predictive power of CLT lies in how it links in to Baddeley's (1986)…

Reinwein, Joachim

2012-01-01

302

A reliable and valid self-rating measure of the restorative quality of natural environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to develop and test a self-rating restoration scale (RS) designed to measure the restorative quality of environments. Both the Kaplan and Kaplan [The Experience of Nature: A Psychological Perspective, Cambridge University Press, New York] and Ulrich [Aesthetic and affective response to natural environment, in: I. Altman, J.F. Wohlwill (Eds.), Behavior and Natural Environments, Plenum

Ke-Tsung Han

2003-01-01

303

Leadership--A Story about William George Demmert, Jr.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes 40 years of interactive friendship and work between William Demmert, Jr. and Rosemary Christensen, who met during the First Convocation of American Indian Scholars in March 1970 at Princeton University and then in the fall of that same year as they both arrived in Cambridge, Massachusetts as graduate students in the first…

Christensen, Rosemary A.

2011-01-01

304

Who Needs Replication?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, the editor of a recent Cambridge University Press book on research methods discusses replicating previous key studies to throw more light on their reliability and generalizability. Replication research is presented as an accepted method of validating previous research by providing comparability between the original and replicated…

Porte, Graeme

2013-01-01

305

Ninth Annual V. M. Goldschmidt Conference  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This volume contains abstracts that have been accepted for presentation at the Ninth Annual V. M. Goldschmidt Conference, August 22-27, 1999, hosted by the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. The meeting is a forum for presenting and discussing new chemical and isotopic measurements, experimental and theoretical results, and discoveries in geochemistry and cosmochemistry.

1999-01-01

306

Experimental testing and modelling of a mechanical steering compensator  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes experimental results for a prototype mechanical steering compensator for motorcycles which was manufactured at Cambridge University Engineering Department (CUED). The compensator realises a mechanical network consisting of inerters, dampers and a spring. The paper extends the previous work of Papageorgiou et al and presents frequency response testing results as well as model fitting and parameter estimation.

Jason Z. Jiang; Malcolm C. Smith; Neil E. Houghton

2008-01-01

307

The Work of the Prince's Teaching Institute--Insisting that Established Subjects Matter to All Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Prince's Teaching Institute (PTI), which has evolved out of the Summer Schools for English Literature and History which The Prince of Wales inaugurated in 2002, now provides a variety of courses in the major subjects of the secondary curriculum. In partnership with Cambridge University it enables teachers to update and extend their subject…

Roberts, Martin

2012-01-01

308

A New Model for American Colleges Abroad: Quiet Partner  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the past two years, a steady stream of visitors from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has made the roughly 7,000-mile trek from Cambridge to Abu Dhabi to help build what aspires to be the first graduate-level research university devoted entirely to fostering renewable, clean, and sustainable sources of energy. Set to open this…

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01

309

MIT Orients Course Materials Online to K-12  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many science and mathematics educators across the country are taking advantage of a Web site created by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the famed research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which offers free video, audio, and print lectures and course material taken straight from the school's classes. Those resources…

Cavanagh, Sean

2008-01-01

310

Lateral Pile Response and p-y Curves From Centrifuge Tests  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cyclic lateral load tests on model pipe piles driven in inundated, saturated sand were conducted aboard the Cambridge University geotechnical centrifuge. The tests provided qualitative and quantitative data on the interaction between pile and sand. The consistency of the test data was confirmed by the fact that the recorded data for various model piles followed the scaling laws of centrifugal

Y. O. Barton; W. D. L. Finn; R. H. G. Parry; Ikuo Towhata

1983-01-01

311

Elasticity in Biological Materials: Demonstration of aneurysms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, from the University of Cambridge, describes an experiment to measure the pressure versus strain of a cylindrical balloon as it is inflated to produce an aneurysm. Photographs show how the balloon looks at various points on the graph. A video shows the experiment in action.

2007-11-12

312

Figured World of History Learning in a Social Studies Methods Classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers how one teacher educator, Dr. Gomez, took up revisionist history and inquiry in her social studies methods\\u000a classroom. The concepts of figured worlds (Holland et al., 1998) [Holland, D., Lachicotte, W. Jr., Skinner, D., & Cain, C. (1998). Identity and agency in cultural worlds. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press], and artifacts and mediation (Holland & Cole, 1995; Vygotsky

Cecil Robinson

2007-01-01

313

Harvesting the Sun's Energy with Antennas  

SciTech Connect

Researchers at Idaho National Laboratory, along with partners at Microcontinuum Inc. (Cambridge, MA) and Patrick Pinhero of the University of Missouri, are developing a novel way to collect energy from the sun with a technology that could potentially cost pennies a yard, be imprinted on flexible materials and still draw energy after the sun has set.

INL

2008-05-28

314

Academic Literacy and Plagiarism: Conversations with International Graduate Students and Disciplinary Professors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we examine how university plagiarism policies interact with international graduate students' academic writing in English as they develop identities as authors and students. The study is informed by the sociocultural theoretical perspective [Vygotsky, L. (1978). "Mind in society: The development of higher mental processes." Cambridge,…

Abasi, Ali R.; Graves, Barbara

2008-01-01

315

A debate on open inflation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a reproduction of Professor Stephen Hawking's part in a debate, which took place at the COSMO 98 Coference, in Monterey, California. Two other physicists, Andrei Linde and Alexander Villenkin, also took part. Professor Hawking is the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, in England.

Hawking, S. W.

1999-07-01

316

Hawking, Stephen W (1942-)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cosmologist and theoretical astrophysicist, born in Oxford, England, where he studied physics at University College. Moved to Cambridge to take up research in general relativity and cosmology, became Lucasian professor (an appointment earlier held by ISAAC NEWTON, with whom Hawking has been compared). Hawking worked to develop a valid mathematical treatment of the `singularities' in the theor...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

317

Considerations for a revision of the fern family Vittariaceae for Flora Malesiana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lindsay, S. (Arnold Arboretum & Harvard University Herbaria, 22 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA) 2003. Considerations for a revision of the fern family Vittariaceae for Flora Malesiana. Telopea 10(1): 99-112. The Vittariaceae is a family of mostly tropical epiphytic or lithophytic fern species. The family is particularly well represented in Malesia but the number of species present and the

Stuart Lindsay

318

Coastal and Ocean Data Assimilation: An Introduction to the Analysis, Interpolation, and Assimilation of Space-Time Data.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Our primary goal is to publish a textbook on analyzing, interpolating, and assimilating space-time data. The textbook will be submitted for publication by Cambridge University Press, who has already expressed an interest in publishing the book. This new t...

A. J. Mariano T. M. Chin

2009-01-01

319

A new theory about light and colors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reprint of the first publication of Mr. Isaac Newton, Mathematics Professor in the University of Cambridge, containing his New Theory about Light and Colors. Light is declared to be not Similar or Homogeneal, but consisting of difform rays, some of which are more refrangible than others. Colors are affirmed to be not Qualifications of Light, derived from Refractions of natural

Isaac Newton

1672-01-01

320

Looking from a CHAT-IT Perspective to Undergraduate Mexican Physics: Organizational Trajectories or Professors as Agents of Change?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent elaborations on cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT) (Engestrom et al., eds., "Perspectives on activity theory." New York: Cambridge University Press, "1999") and its relation to organizational theories have produced a theoretical amalgam of these earlier ideas, which allow for the exploration of learning in formal organizational…

Kahveci, Ajda

2010-01-01

321

People and Events in Language Testing--A Sort of Memoir. An Interview with Bernard Spolsky  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This interview took place at the Language Testing Research Colloquium in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (at the Chateau Laurier Hotel on July 21, 2005), at which Professor Bernard Spolsky was presented with the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate/International Language Testing Association Lifetime Achievement Award. The conference…

Saville, Nick; Kunnan, Antony

2006-01-01

322

Multimedia Learning: Cognitive Individual Differences and Display Design Techniques Predict Transfer Learning with Multimedia Learning Modules  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the wake of the information explosion and rapidly progressing technology [Mayer, R. E. (2001). "Multimedia learning". Cambridge: University Press] formulated a theory that focused on human cognition, rather than technology capacity and features. By measuring the effect of cognitive individual differences and display design manipulations on…

Austin, Katherine A.

2009-01-01

323

Knowledge and Learning in the Andes: Ethnographic Perspectives. Liverpool Latin American Studies, New Series 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents research into the ways in which Indigenous peoples of the Andes create, transmit, maintain, and transform their knowledge, and the related processes of teaching and learning. Most chapters are based on papers delivered at a round-table conference at the University of Cambridge (England) in 1996 and include contributions from…

Stobart, Henry, Ed.; Howard, Rosaleen, Ed.

324

Six Motivational Reasons for Low School Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reiss ("The normal personality: a new way of thinking about people." Cambridge University Press, New York, 2008) empirically derived a reliable and valid taxonomy of 16 life motives ("psychological needs"). The model suggests six motivational reasons for low achievement in school. Low achievement may be motivated by fear of failure (high need for…

Reiss, Steven

2009-01-01

325

The effects of system design alternatives on the acquisition of tax knowledge from a computerized tax decision aid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accounting firms are intensifying their reliance on experiential learning, and experience increasingly involves the use of computerized decision aids [Messier, W. (1995) Research in and development of audit decision aids. In R. H. Ashton & A. H. Ashton, Judgment and decision making in accounting and auditing (pp. 207–230). New York: Cambridge University Press]. Accountants are expected to learn from automated

Jacob M. Rose; Christopher J. Wolfe

2000-01-01

326

One, two, three, four, nothing more: An investigation of the conceptual sources of the verbal counting principles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the publication of [Gelman, R., & Gallistel, C. R. (1978). The child’s understanding of number. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.] seminal work on the development of verbal counting as a representation of number, the nature of the ontogenetic sources of the verbal counting principles has been intensely debated. The present experiments explore proposals according to which the verbal counting

Mathieu Le Corre; Susan Carey

2007-01-01

327

On Raymond Williams.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers personal observations about the personality, political positions, and literary criticisms of Raymond Williams. Discusses the influences of Williams's Welsh cultural heritage, his religious beliefs, his political activism as a student at Cambridge University, and his criticisms of Orwell, Lawrence, and other contemporaries. (DMM)

Green, Martin

1987-01-01

328

Cultural Consumption Patterns in South Africa: An Investigation of the Theory of Cultural Omnivores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrary to Bourdieu's theory ("Distinction: A social critique of the judgment of taste". Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press (1984)) that cultural consumption of so-called "high" versus popular culture is determined by socio-economic class, Peterson ("Poetics" 21:243-258, 1992; "Poetics" 33:257-282, 2005) finds that higher income…

Snowball, J. D.; Jamal, M.; Willis, K. G.

2010-01-01

329

"My Place": Exploring Children's Place-Related Identities through Reading and Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers how children perceive and represent their placed-related identities through reading and writing. It reports on the findings of an 18-month interdisciplinary project, based at Cambridge University Faculty of Education, which aimed to consider children's place-related identities through their engagement with, and creation…

Charlton, Emma; Cliff Hodges, Gabrielle; Pointon, Pam; Nikolajeva, Maria; Spring, Erin; Taylor, Liz; Wyse, Dominic

2014-01-01

330

The Year of Secret Assignments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The path to "novelist" was a convoluted one for Moriarty, who began writing fiction as doctoral student at Cambridge University. Her interest in young adults stems from an appreciation for the "troubles, strengths, and surprises of that age group." Now, in a uniquely formatted book titled "The Year of Secret Assignments," we peek inside the mind…

Moriarty, Jaclyn

2004-01-01

331

Fair Use: Articulating the Liberal Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the context of Cambridge University Press et al. v. Patton et al., this article provides the rationale for the academic distribution of scholarly articles without requesting copyright permission or paying the corresponding fees. The fair use of scholarly articles is examined legally, historically, and in an economic context. This article builds upon the market failure model of fair use

Anthony Davis Jr

2012-01-01

332

WSJCAMO: a British English speech corpus for large vocabulary continuous speech recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

A significant new speech corpus of British English has been recorded at Cambridge University. Derived from the Wall Street Journal text corpus, WSJCAMO constitutes one of the largest corpora of spoken British English currently in existence. It has been specifically designed for the construction and evaluation of speaker-independent speech recognition systems. The database consists of 140 speakers each speaking about

Tony Robinson; Jeroen Fransen; David Pye; Jonathan Foote; Steve Renals

1995-01-01

333

Threshold Concepts as Focal Points for Supporting Student Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Plant Sciences Pedagogy Project conducted research into undergraduate teaching and learning in the Department of Plant Sciences at the University of Cambridge and has translated the research findings into interventions to improve support for student learning. A key research objective for the project was to investigate how teachers within the…

Jordan, Katy; Tracy, Frances; Johnstone, Keith

2011-01-01

334

Darwin and Teacher: An Analysis of the Mentorship Between Charles Darwin and Professor John Henslow  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the extraordinary mentorship that developed between Charles Darwin and his teacher, John Stevens Henslow of Cambridge University. It reflects upon the application of this relationship to gifted education. The discussion centers on the teaching and learning styles of Darwin and Henslow, the role of interests and of time spent together, the friendship which Henslow offered Darwin (particularly

Ann McGreevy

1990-01-01

335

Darwin and Teacher: An Analysis of the Mentorship between Charles Darwin and Professor John Henslow.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper examines the mentorship between Charles Darwin and his teacher, John Stevens Henslow of Cambridge University (England). The importance of a mentor in stimulating creative productivity is demonstrated through discussion of their teaching and learning styles, their interests, their time spent together, and Henslow's character traits.…

McGreevy, Ann

1990-01-01

336

The Politics of Teaching Evolution, Science Education Standards, and "Being" a Creationist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes recent research conclusions regarding biology teacher attitudes toward evolution, and the variable implementation of evolution in the high schools nationwide. Berkman and Plutzer (2010. "Evolution, creationism, and the battle to control America's classrooms." New York: Cambridge University Press) conclude that due to a large…

Long, David E.

2012-01-01

337

The dawn of organic electronics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organic semiconductors are poised to transform the world of circuit and display technology. Major electronics firms such as Philips and Pioneer, and smaller companies such as Cambridge Display Technology, Universal Display, and Uniax, are betting that the future holds tremendous opportunity for the low cost and sometimes surprisingly high performance offered by organic electronic and optoelectronic devices. Using organic light-emitting

S. Forrest; P. Burrows; M. Thompson

2000-01-01

338

Drowning or Waving? Coping Strategies among Scottish Head Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the year 2007 in Scotland, in common with countries elsewhere in the world, the difficulty of recruiting high-calibre school leaders was becoming an increasing concern. The recruitment and retention study, commissioned by the Scottish Government and undertaken by three universities (Cambridge, Edinburgh and Glasgow), was charged with exploring…

MacBeath, John; O'Brien, Jim; Gronn, Peter

2012-01-01

339

Harvesting the Sun's Energy with Antennas  

ScienceCinema

Researchers at Idaho National Laboratory, along with partners at Microcontinuum Inc. (Cambridge, MA) and Patrick Pinhero of the University of Missouri, are developing a novel way to collect energy from the sun with a technology that could potentially cost pennies a yard, be imprinted on flexible materials and still draw energy after the sun has set.

340

Beyond Conservation and Liberation: The Education of Our Aspirations. Thirteenth David Dodds Henry Lecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet presents the text of a lecture by Linda S. Wilson, president of Radcliffe College (Cambridge, Massachusetts) on the role of higher education as well as the responses, questions and discussion that followed. The lecture is preceded by a preface and an introduction by Morton W. Weir, chancellor of the University of Illinois at…

Wilson, Linda S.

341

The Cloud Chamber  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web "booklet" from the University of Cambridge provides a description of the experiments of physicist Charles Thomson Rees Wilson that led to the first succesful cloud chamber, a powerful tool for nuclear and elementary particle physics. The site offers interactive graphics to help show how these chambers work. Photos and excerpts from some of Wilson's first publications are also included as well.

2008-09-23

342

Building form and environmental performance: archetypes, analysis and an arid climate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leslie Martin and others at Cambridge University addressed the question “What building forms make the best use of land?” in a number of influential papers published in the late 1960s. They selected six simplified urban arrays based on archetypal building forms. Then they analysed and compared the archetypes in terms of built potential and day lighting criteria, eventually reaching the

Carlo Ratti; Dana Raydan; Koen Steemers

2003-01-01

343

Figured World of History Learning in a Social Studies Methods Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers how one teacher educator, Dr. Gomez, took up revisionist history and inquiry in her social studies methods classroom. The concepts of figured worlds (Holland et al., 1998) [Holland, D., Lachicotte, W. Jr., Skinner, D., & Cain, C. (1998). "Identity and agency in cultural worlds." Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press], and…

Robinson, Cecil

2007-01-01

344

New books  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Globe Playhouse. By John C. Adams. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1942; pp. 419. $5.00.Voice Science. By Lyman Spicer Judson and Andrew Thomas Weaver. New York: F. S. Crofts & Co. 1942; pp. 377 + xvii. $3.75.The Rhetoric of Alcuin and Charlemagne. A Translation, with an Introduction, the Latin Text, and Notes. By Wilbur Samuel Howell. (Princeton Studies in English,

John Dolman Jr; Giles Wilkeson Gray; Donald C. Bryant; Albert H. Marckwardt; Barnard Hewitt; J. Calvin Callaghan; Lucile Folse; Donald Hayworth; J. Garber Drushal; Howard Gilkinson; Wayne Thompson; Merel R. Parks; John E. Dietrich; Karl R. Wallace; Herbert V. Hake

1942-01-01

345

Changing Perceptions Is One Thing…: Barriers to Transforming Leadership and Learning in Ghanaian Basic Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School leadership, head teacher professional development and school management practices in sub-Saharan Africa have varied little from the model of schooling established during colonial rule. Leadership for Learning (LfL) is a programme of school leadership developed at the University of Cambridge over a period of 10 years in conjunction with an…

Jull, Stephen; Swaffield, Sue; MacBeath, John

2014-01-01

346

One, Two, Three, Four, Nothing More: An Investigation of the Conceptual Sources of the Verbal Counting Principles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the publication of [Gelman, R., & Gallistel, C. R. (1978). "The child's understanding of number." Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.] seminal work on the development of verbal counting as a representation of number, the nature of the ontogenetic sources of the verbal counting principles has been intensely debated. The present…

Le Corre, Mathieu; Carey, Susan

2007-01-01

347

Instability, investment, disasters, and demography: natural disasters and fertility in Italy (1820-1962) and Japan (1671-1965).  

PubMed

This article examines whether natural disasters affect fertility-a topic little explored but of policy importance given relevance to policies regarding disaster insurance, foreign aid, and the environment. The identification strategy uses historic regional data to exploit natural variation within each of two countries: one European country-Italy (1820-1962), and one Asian country-Japan (1671-1965). The choice of study settings allows consideration of Jones' (The European miracle, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1981) theory that preindustrial differences in income and population between Asia and Europe resulted from the fertility response to different environmental risk profiles. According to the results, short-run instability, particularly that arising from the natural environment, appears to be associated with a decrease in fertility-thereby suggesting that environmental shocks and economic volatility are associated with a decrease in investment in the population size of future generations. The results also show that, contrary to Jones' (The European miracle, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1981) theory, differences in fertility between Italy and Japan cannot be explained away by disaster proneness alone. Research on the effects of natural disasters may enable social scientists and environmentalists alike to better predict the potential effects of the increase in natural disasters that may result from global climate change. PMID:20383264

Lin, C-Y Cynthia

2010-03-01

348

New books in review  

Microsoft Academic Search

RHETORIC IN GRECO?ROMAN EDUCATION. By Donald Lemen Clark. New York: Columbia University Press, 1957; pp. xiii+ 285. $4.50.ENGLISH POLITICS IN THE EARLY EIGHTEENTH CENTURY (Harvard Historical Monographs XXVIII). By Robert Walcott, Jr. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1956; pp. viii+291. $3.50.CONGRESSMAN ABRAHAM LINCOLN. By Donald W. Riddle. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1957; pp. x+280. $4.50.REVIVALISM AND SOCIAL REFORM IN MID

Carroll Arnold; Charles Daniel Smith; Earl W. Wiley; Paul H. Boase; J. W. Bachman; William G. McCollom; Edward Partridge; John H. McDowell; Jack Clay; John A. Walker; Garff B. Wilson; David Laird; H. F. Harding; Elizabeth Carr; James W. Abel; Edcar E. Willis; Dorothy Kester; C. Van Riper; Lester L. Hale; Ruth Beckey Irwin; Johnnye Akin; Huber Ellingsworth; Earl Cain; Dwight L. Freshley; N. Edd Miller; A. L. McLeod; Ordean G. Ness

1957-01-01

349

EDITORIAL: Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Plasticity at the Micron Scale, Technical University of Denmark, 21 25 Mark 2006  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This special issue constitutes the Proceedings of the IUTAM Symposium on Plasticity at the Micron Scale, held at the Technical University of Denmark, 21-25 May 2006. The purpose of this symposium was to gather a group of leading scientists working in areas of importance to length scale dependent plasticity. This includes work on phenomenological strain gradient plasticity models, studies making use of discrete dislocation models, and even atomic level models. Experimental investigations are central to all this, as all the models focus on developing an improved understanding of real observed phenomena. The opening lecture by Professor N A Fleck, Cambridge University, discussed experimental as well as theoretical approaches. Also, recent results for the surface roughness at grain boundaries were presented based on experiments and crystal plasticity modelling. A number of presentations focused on experiments for metals at a small length scale, e.g. using indenters or a small single crystal compression test. It was found that there are causes of the size effects other than the geometrically necessary dislocations related to strain gradients. Several lectures on scale dependent phenomenological plasticity theories discussed different methods of incorporating the characteristic material length. This included lower order plasticity theories as well as higher order theories, within standard plasticity models or crystal plasticity. Differences in the ways of incorporating higher order boundary conditions were the subject of much discussion. Various methods for discrete dislocation modelling of plastic deformation were used in some of the presentations to obtain a more detailed understanding of length scale effects in metals. This included large scale computations for dislocation dynamics as well as new statistical mechanics approaches to averaging of dislocation plasticity. Furthermore, at a somewhat larger length scale, applications of scale dependent plasticity to granular media and to cellular solids were discussed. The symposium consisted of thirty-six lectures, all of which were invited based on strong expertise in the area. Some of the lectures are not represented in this special issue, mainly because of prior commitments to publish elsewhere. The international Scientific Committee responsible for the symposium comprised the following: Professor V Tvergaard (Chairman) Denmark Professor A Benallal France Professor N A Fleck UK Professor L B Freund (IUTAM Representative) USA Professor E van der Giessen The Netherlands Professor J W Hutchinson USA Professor A Needleman USA Professor B Svendsen Germany The Committee gratefully acknowledges financial support for the symposium from the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, from Novo Nordisk A/S and from the Villum Kann Rasmussen Foundation. In the organization of all parts of the symposium the enthusiastic participation of Dr C F Niordson and Dr P Redanz was invaluable. The smooth running of the symposium also owes much to the efforts and organizational skills of Bente Andersen.

Tvergaard, Viggo

2007-01-01

350

First AXAF Fellowships Awarded  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The AXAF (Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility) Science Center has announced the selection of five scientists to inaugurate the AXAF Postdoctoral Fellowship Program. Competition for the fellowships was open to all recent astronomy and astrophysics graduates worldwide. The AXAF Fellows will work for three years at a host astronomical institution in the United States where they will investigate topics broadly related to the scientific mission of AXAF. Additional AXAF Fellows will be selected each year over the course of the program. The AXAF Fellowship Program is a joint venture between NASA and the AXAF Science Center in cooperation with the host institutions. The AXAF Science Center is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts and funded by NASA through the Marshall Space Flight Center. "We are elated at the outstanding group of Fellows," said Harvey Tananbaum, the Director of the AXAF Science Center. "They will be working during the exciting period when the first X-ray images will be received from AXAF." Nancy Remage Evans, AXAF Fellowship Program Coordinator added, "The program will also encourage AXAF related work at institutions throughout the United States." An independent panel of scientists selected the honorees. The first AXAF Fellows and the host institutions at which they will hold their fellowships are: David Buote (University of California, Santa Cruz), Tiziana Di Matteo (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics), Ann Esin (California Institute of Technology), Joseph Mohr (University of Chicago), and Edward Moran (Massachusetts Institute of Technology). AXAF, the third of NASA's Great Observatories after the Hubble Space Telescope and the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, is the largest and most sophisticated X-ray telescope ever built. When it is launched in December of this year, AXAF's high resolution will provide new information about exploding stars, black holes, colliding galaxies, and other extremely hot regions of the universe. Further information about the AXAF satellite is available at the World Wide Web at http://xrtpub.harvard.edu/. Further information about the Fellowship program is available at http://asc.harvard.edu/fellows/. Supplemental Information on 1998 AXAF Fellows: * David Buote graduated from MIT, Cambridge MA 02139 * Tiziana DiMatteo graduated from Cambridge University, Cambridge CB30HA UK * Ann Esin graduated from Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 * Joseph Mohr graduated from Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 * Edward Moran graduated from Columbia University, New York City, NY 10027

1998-03-01

351

2011 Einstein Fellows Chosen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ASA has announced the selection of the 2011 Einstein Fellows who will conduct research related to NASA's Physics of the Cosmos program, which aims to expand our knowledge of the origin, evolution, and fate of the Universe. The Einstein Fellowship provides support to the awardees for three years, and the Fellows may pursue their research at a host university or research center of their choosing in the United States. The new Fellows will begin their programs in the fall of 2011. The new Einstein Fellows and their host institutions are listed below: * Akos Bogdan (Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, Mass.) * Samuel Gralla (University of Maryland, College Park, Md.) * Philip Hopkins (University of California at Berkeley) * Matthew Kunz (Princeton University, Princeton, N.J.) * Laura Lopez (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass.) * Amy Reines (National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, Virg.) * Rubens Reis (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor) * Ken Shen (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif.) * Jennifer Siegal-Gaskins (California Institute of Technology, Pasadena) * Lorenzo Sironi (Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.) NASA has two other astrophysics theme-based fellowship programs: the Sagan Fellowship Program, which supports research into exoplanet exploration, and the Hubble Fellowship Program, which supports research into cosmic origins. More information on the Einstein Fellowships can be found at: http://cxc.harvard.edu/fellows/

2011-03-01

352

Universal Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article explains the concept of 'Universal Time' (UT), sometimes referred to as 'Coordinated Universal Time' (UTC). Topics include how UTC is measured, who uses it, and a brief discussion of the historical context of this time standard.

353

Brown University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The computing at Brown University was formalized in 1960. Computing history, current university computing, and a description of the Institute for Research in Information and Scholarship are discussed. The installation of a broadband communications network (BRUNET) was recently completed. (MLW)

CAUSE/EFFECT, 1984

1984-01-01

354

Stephen Hawking : A Life in Science 2nd Ed.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Stephen Hawking is no ordinary scientist. With a career that began over thirty years ago at Cambridge University, he has managed to do more than perhaps any other scientist to broaden our basic understanding of the universe. His theoretical work on black holes and his progress in advancing our knowledge of the origin and nature of the cosmos have been groundbreaking if not downright revolutionary. This publication from the National Academies Press can be downloaded for a fee.

Gribbin, John; White, Michael

2002-01-01

355

Review of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

GUILLERMO ALGAZE. The Uruk World System: The Dynamics of Expansion of Early Mesopotamian Civilization. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1993. Pp. xii, 162. $39-95 (us). Reviewed by C.C. Lamberg-KarlovskyCHRISTOPH T. MAIER. Preaching the Crusades: Mendicant Friars and the Cross in the Thirteenth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Pp. x, 202. $44.95 (us). Reviewed by Penny J.

C. C. Lamberg-Karlovsky; Penny J. Cole; Helen Liebel-Weckowicz; John F. Guilmartin Jr; Peter D. G. Thomas; Antonio Santosuosso; M. N. Pearson; Peter Pierson; Daniel Stone; N. G. O. Pereira; R. J. W. Evans; Bahman Baktiari; Jerzy Lukowski; A. Hamish Ion; John T. Alexander; Anthony Rhinelander; Michael S. Smith; H. James Burgwyn; A. S. Kanya-Forstner; Kenneth J. Hagan; David Healy; Peter Mckenna; Alfred Gollin; Charles L. Bertrand; Geoffrey Roberts; David Mayers; Robert J. Young; John Gooch; Hector Mackenzie; Ritchie Ovendale; Andrew Sobel; Robert C. Sims; Anthony Adamthwaite; Grant K. Goodman; Norman Rich; David R. Devereux; Michael J. Cohen; Robert James Maddox; Martin Kitchen; M. L. Dockrill; Helge Ř. Pharo; Menachem Klein; Philip Murphy; Odd Arne Westad; Beverley Milton-Edwards; Kim Richard Nossal; Pierre L. Van Den Berghe

1995-01-01

356

BRP: Profile  

Cancer.gov

Mark Parascandola is an Epidemiologist with the Tobacco Control Research Branch (TCRB) in the Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences (DCCPS) at the National Cancer Institute (NCI). He received his Doctorate in Philosophy of Science from Cambridge University and his Master of Public Health degree in Epidemiology from the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. Dr. Parascandola also completed an NCI Cancer Prevention Fellowship.

357

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

AZAR GAT. War in Human Civilization. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2006. Pp. xv, 822. $45.00 (us). Reviewed by William R. ThompsonROBIN WATERFIELD. Xenopkon's Retreat: Greece, Persia, and the End of the Golden Age. Cambridge, MA and London: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2006. Pp. xiii, 248. $27.95 (us). Reviewed by Noreen HumbleVICTOR H. MAIR, ed. Contact

William R. Thompson; Noreen Humble; Paul D. Buell; Paul Bushkovitch; Leo K. Shin; John France; William Chester Jordan; Richard L. Kagan; Geoff Wade; Felipe Fernández-Armesto; Margaret Sankey; Andrew S. Thompson; France A. J. Szabo; Jennifer Mori; Stuart McCook; James D. Nason; Timothy A. Anna; Eric Van Young; Evelyn S. Rawski; Christopher Schmidt-Nowara; Kent G. Deng; Alan Booth; Patricia M. E. Lorcin; Norman Etherington; E. Patricia Tsurumi; Matthew Seligmann; Amber Lloydlangston; Vicki Caron; Sarah Ansari; Joseph A. Kéthichian; Roger Chickering; Hector Mackenzie; Evan Mawdsley; Brian R. Sullivan; Calder Walton; David J. Smith; James F. Gebhardt; Susan L. Carruthers; Donna Harsh; Alan P. Dobson; Tim Dunne; Walter K. Andersen; Joaquín Roy; Nicholas J. White; Kenton Clymer; Shahram Akbarzadeh; James Sperling; Howard Adelman; David M. Reimers; Stein Třnnesson; Milton L. Mueller; Kathy Bowrey; Michael Clarke; Brian McAllister Linn; Gerard Toal; Colin Elman

2007-01-01

358

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

JONATHAN M. HALL. Hellenicity: Between Ethnicity and Culture. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2002. Pp. xx, $50.00(US). Reviewed by Jeremy McInereyWILLIAM V. HARRIS. Restraining Rage: The Ideology of Anger Control in Classical Antiquity. Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 2001. Pp. xii, 468. 849–95 (US). Reviewed by Paul J. BurtonDIANA SPENCER. The Roman Alexander: Reading a Cultural

Jeremy McInerney; Paul J. Burton; Erich S. Gruen; John A. Agnew; Charles G. Nauert Jr; Trevor Burnard; H. G. Koenigsberger; Eva Keller; Mark A. Kishlansky; Hala Fattah; Max J. Okenfuss; J. C. D. Clark; Monika Streissler; Michael Hochedlinger; Hugh Brogan; Owen Connelly; Frank J. Coppa; Geoffrey Bolton; Judith Bassett; Michael H. Fisher; Penny Carson; Alan Atkinson; Stephan H. Lindner; Eduardo Posada-Carbó; Steven Palmer; Lothar Höbelt; Pitman B. Potter; E. H. H. Green; Peter M. Beattie; James Edward Miller; Bill Nasson; Hew Strachan; Soon-Won Park; Jonathan Swainger; David Day; Derek Hopwood; Bruce A. Elleman; Jay Winter; Kenneth P. Werrell; Kenneth Mouré; Edwin Bacon; Donald Harman Akenson; Joseph A. Fry; Bettina Gransow; Henry A. Turner Jr; Christopher M. Meissner; Peter Calvert; Thomas W. Zeiler; Sigurd Hess; John R. Lampe; Frances Early; Scott Lucas; B. W. Muirhead; Stephen A. Garrett; Mark Bradley; Fred H. Lawson; David M. Olson; Joaquín Roy; Chiarella Esposito; Wray Vamplew; Kenneth Kyle; Alfred E. Eckes; Christopher Coker; Peter Bergmann; Brian C. Schmidt; Charles A. Kupchan

2003-01-01

359

Parent University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A description of the Parent University program of the San Rafael (California) City Schools is presented. The Parent University is described as a 1-day event in which parents are offered a variety of seminars and workshops on topics in education and parenting. Materials included in this document are: (1) an overview of the second annual Parent…

Howlett, Hoyt S.

360

Overseas Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The following articles and reports are presented in this publication of "Overseas Universities:""Appropriate Technology and University Education," by John Twidell; "The Training of Engineering Staff for Higher Education Institutions in Developing Countries," by D. W. Daniel, C. A. Leal, J. H. Maynes and T. Wilmore; "A Case Study of an Academic…

Inter-University Council for Higher Education Overseas, London (England).

361

Color naming reflects optimal partitions of color space  

PubMed Central

The nature of color categories in the world's languages is contested. One major view holds that color categories are organized around universal focal colors, whereas an opposing view holds instead that categories are defined at their boundaries by linguistic convention. Both of these standardly opposed views are challenged by existing data. Here, we argue for a third view based on a proposal by Jameson and D'Andrade [Jameson KA, D'Andrade RG (1997) in Color Categories in Thought and Language, eds Hardin CL, Maffi L (Cambridge Univ Press, Cambridge, U.K.), pp 295–319]: that color naming across languages reflects optimal or near-optimal divisions of an irregularly shaped perceptual color space. We formalize this idea, test it against color-naming data from a broad range of languages and show that it accounts for universal tendencies in color naming while also accommodating some observed cross-language variation.

Regier, Terry; Kay, Paul; Khetarpal, Naveen

2007-01-01

362

Behavioral & Brain Sciences (BBS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by Cambridge University Press, Behavioral & Brain Sciences (BBS) is an international, interdisciplinary journal of "open peer commentary." This interesting Website highlights "open science" in a way that many practitioners will find inspiring. Specifically, the Website offers full-text of important and controversial interdisciplinary "target articles" in psychology, neuroscience, behavioral biology, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, linguistics, and philosophy. These "target articles" are "unedited penultimate drafts of BBS target articles that have been accepted for publication" or are already published (since 1993), accompanied by 1,000-word commentaries (analytical critiques) that are co-published with each article, along with the author's response to each. Users may search target articles by subject (BBS keyword) and browse full-text of all returns. Final published versions of target articles and their accompanying commentaries and author responses are available through Cambridge University Press.

363

Changes and challenges: a career in prostate surgery.  

PubMed

Roger Kirby speaks to Natasha Galukande, Assistant Commissioning Editor. Roger Kirby graduated in Medical Sciences from Cambridge University (Cambridge, UK) in 1972. He then trained in surgery at University of London (London, UK) before specializing in urology. Kirby is currently the director of The Prostate Centre (London, UK), which he established in 2005. Kirby is the founding editor of the journal Prostate Cancer and Prostate Diseases, in addition to being the associate editor of the British Journal of Urology International, and founding editor of Trends in Urology and Men's Health. He has written over 60 books, published over 300 papers and performed over 2000 radical prostatectomies. In 2005, Kirby was awarded the St Peter's Medal by the British Association of Urological Surgeons. Kirby has also helped to raise over Ł3 million as trustee and secretary of the Urological Foundation and former chair of Prostate UK. PMID:23980673

Kirby, Roger

2013-09-01

364

The self-similar science system 1 This paper is based on `Power Laws, Similarity and Diversity in National Science Systems' presented at the Fifth International Conference on Science and Technology Indicators, Hinxton, Cambridge, UK—June 4–6, 1998. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

A system with a self-similar property is scale-independent and statistically exhibits that property at all levels of observation. In addition, a power law describes the distribution of a scale-independent property. Many investigators have observed social activities and structures, particularly in the science system, that are best described by a power-law distribution. However, unlike classical physical power laws that are used

J. Sylvan Katz

1999-01-01

365

Electrostatic parameters of cationic liposomes commonly used for gene delivery as determined by 4-heptadecyl-7-hydroxycoumarin 1 A preliminary report of this study was presented at the 3rd annual conference: Artificial Self-Assembling Systems for Gene Delivery, organized by Cambridge Healthtec Institute, November 17–18, 1996, Coronado, CA. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cationic liposomes are used to deliver genes into cells in vitro and in vivo. The present study is aimed to characterize the electrostatic parameters of cationic, large unilamellar vesicles, 110±20 nm in size, composed of DOTAP\\/DOPE (mole ratio 1\\/1), DOTAP\\/DOPC (mole ratio 1\\/1), 100% DOTAP, DMRIE\\/DOPE 1\\/1, or DC–CHOL\\/DOPE (mole ratio 1\\/1). {Abbreviations: DOTAP, N-(1-(2,3-dioleoyloxy)propyl)-N,N,N-trimethylammonium chloride; DOPE, 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylethanolamine; DOPC, 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphatidylcholine;

Nicolaas J Zuidam; Yechezkel Barenholz

1997-01-01

366

3. Historic American Buildings Survey George M. Cushing, Photographer October ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey George M. Cushing, Photographer October 1967 INTERIOR OF CROSSING TOWER, CHOIR, AND APSE - St. James Church, 1991 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, Middlesex County, MA

367

77 FR 59987 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Delaware Cambridge, MA....... August 6, 2011. Corporation, Betclic Everest Group, Independent Contractor, Qualitest and SQA. 81,890.......................... Artisans, Inc........... Glen Flora,...

2012-10-01

368

Universal Truths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a symposium of Nobel laureates held in the summer of 1990 to discuss cosmology. Different views on the structure and evolution of the universe are presented. Evidence for different theories of cosmology is discussed. (CW)

Horgan, John

1990-01-01

369

Washington University  

Cancer.gov

The Washington University Small Animal Imaging Resource (WUSAIR), one of the five original Small Animal Imaging Resource Program (SAIRP) centers funded in 1999, provides state-of-the-art facilities and infrastructure for MRI, PET, CT and optical imaging of mice, rats and other small laboratory animals. Located in the heart of the Washington University Medical Center, WUSAIR combines instrumental and intellectual capabilities found at few other institutions.

370

Stanford University  

Cancer.gov

Stanford University has a rapidly expanding program for the molecular imaging of living subjects. Through significant investments by the University in new space, infrastructure, and new faculty recruitments the Molecular Imaging Program at Stanford (MIPS) was established. Dr. Sam Gambhir, Professor of Radiology and Bioengineering was recruited and appointed by the Dean of the Medical School as Director of the MIPS. He works closely with Dr. Christopher Contag, Associate Professor of Pediatrics and of Microbiology and Immunology, Co-Director of the MIPS.

371

Plasma universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This single-page reading underlines how abundant plasmas are in the universe. The reading, which is the final page in a tutorial about the plasma phase of matter, points out that understanding plasma is central to understanding what happens in the universe. Through space technologies, researchers have been able to study plasmas in areas like those shown in the images that illustrate this reading. One of the images shows plasma loops on the Sun. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

Institute, Space S.

2005-01-01

372

Flow Equation Approach to the Statistics of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The probability distribution function of non-linear dynamical systems is governed by a linear framework that resembles quantum many-body theory, in which stochastic forcing and\\/or averaging over initial conditions play the role of non-zero . Besides the well-known Fokker-Planck approach, there is a related Hopf functional method ootnotetextUriel Frisch, Turbulence: The Legacy of A. N. Kolmogorov (Cambridge University Press, 1995) chapter

J. B. Marston; M. B. Hastings

2005-01-01

373

Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Timothy J. Colton, Moscow: Governing the Socialist Metropolis. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1996, xvi + 939 pp., Ł28.50.Reiner Weichhardt (ed.), Status of Economic Reforms in Cooperation Partner Countries in the mid?1990s: Opportunities, Constraints, Security Implications. Brussels: NATO, 1996, 293 pp.Pal Gáspár (ed.), Changes and Challenges: Economic Transformation in East?Central Europe. Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1995, 146 pp.Ian

Catherine Merridale; Martin Myant; Ed Clark; Richard R. Berry; John Thirkell; Ben Slay; Peter Kirkow; Jane McDermid; Christa L. Walck; Douglas Sutherland; Andrew Apostolou; Jorgen S. Nielsen; David M. Crowe; Robert F. Miller; Tom Gallagher; Darrell Slider; Christopher Williams; David Brandenberger; David Saunders

1997-01-01

374

Centre for Quantum Information and Foundations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Centre for Quantum Information and Foundations (formerly the Centre for Quantum Computation), part of the University of Cambridge, and based within the Department for Applied Maths and Theoretical Physics, conducts theoretical research into all aspects of quantum information processing, and into the implications of the quantum theory of computation for physics itself. This site contains links to current research, journal articles, educational materials (including lecture notes, puzzles and quizzes), and extensive links to the greater quantum information and computing community.

2005-11-21

375

Risk Assessment for Chinese Water Spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) in Oregon  

Microsoft Academic Search

BIOSIS, Cambridge Scientific Abstracts, Environmental Abstracts, and the APRIS databases. TheAPRIS database returned over 50 useful articles. Journals that provided information included Aquatics, Economic Botany, the Journal of Inland Fisheries Society of India and the Journal of Aquatic Plant Management. Information was also obtained from the Florida Department of EnvironmentalProtection and the University of Florida’s Center for Aquatic and Invasive

Erin Harwood; Mark Sytsma

2003-01-01

376

Pulsars: Little Green Men  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The discovery of pulsars won Cambridge University professor Anthony Hewish the first Nobel Prize in physics given to an astronomical subject. In this comic-book-style story Jocelyn Bell explains her role as a graduate student in discovering these exotic stars and why she first referred to them as 'little green men'. The discussion includes what a pulsar actually is (a neutron star) and how it produces its precisely pulsating signal.

377

Coriolis mass flowmeters: Overview of the current state of the art and latest research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an update of the overview given by Baker RC [Coriolis flowmeters: Industrial practice and published information. Flow Meas Instrum 1994;5(4):229–46]. Overviews about mass flowmetering are also given in Baker RC [Flow measurement handbook. Cambridge University Press; 2000]. Furthermore, Drahm W and Linnartz H [Coriolis-massflowmeters: State of the art review and innovations. In: Proceedings FLUCOME 2003. 2003] reported

Martin Anklin; Wolfgang Drahm; Alfred Rieder

2006-01-01

378

New books in review  

Microsoft Academic Search

NATURAL LANGUAGE FOR DEAF CHILDREN. By Mildred A. Groht. Washington, D. C: The Volta Bureau, 1958; pp. xix+185?$5.70.THE CASE FOR BASIC EDUCATION. Edited by James D. Koerner. Boston: Little, Brown, 1959; pp. xiii+256. $4.00.THE FIRST MODERN COMEDIES: THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ETHEREGE, WYCH?ERLEY AND CONGREVE. By Norman N. Holland. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1959; pp. 274. $5.50.BERNARD SHAW AND THE

Vincent H. Knauf; Thorrel B. Fest; Kalman A. Burnim; David Wiley; Jonathan Curvin; Albert T. Martin; Joseph G. Green; Eugene K. Bristow; Loren Reid; Harry P. Kerr; Melvin H. Miller; Herbert Feinstein; David Lindsey; John F. Wilson; Robert C. Jeffrey; Raymond Yeager; Robert T. Oliver; Dwight L. Freshley; Paul Carmack

1960-01-01

379

New books in review  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE PRONUNCIATION OF ENGLISH IN NEW YORK CITY: CONSONANTS AND VOWELS. By Allan Forbes Hubbell. New York: King's Crown Press (a division of Columbia University Press), 1950; pp. 159. $2.75.THE PHONEME. By Daniel Jones. Cambridge: W. Heffer and Sons, Ltd., 1950; pp. xvi+267. $3.50.FIFTY FABULOUS YEARS. By H. V. Kaltenborn. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1950; pp. viii+312. $3.50.GERRIT

C. M. Wise; C. K. Thomas; Giraud Chester; Dallas C. Dickey; Lionel Crocker; Loren D. Reid; Halbert E. Gulley; Earl W. Wiley; John W. Keltner; Laura Crowell; Clarence S. Angell; Webster Smalley; Thomas D. Pawley; George R. Kernodle; E. J. West; C. R. Kase; Marion June Mitchell; Richard Moody; William G. B. Carson; Esther Klein Elfenbein; Earl G. Hoover; Sydney W. Head; Hale Aarnes; Everett Hunt; Dorothy Weirich; Fred J. Barton; Vladimir Jelinek; Bruce Barrington

1951-01-01

380

Interlanguage pragmatics in the zone of proximal development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development (ZPD) has been fruitfully applied in L2 research that examines second and foreign language learning. This paper considers the applicability of the ZPD to interlanguage pragmatics instruction and research. First, the ZPD is defined [Vygotsky, L.S., 1978. Mind in Society: The Development of Higher Psychological Processes. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA], and definitions are queried

Amy Snyder Ohta

2005-01-01

381

The Recognition Component of the SUNDIAL Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The recognition component of the SUNDIAL system has being developed jointly by Logica Cambridge, Erlangen University, Cselt, Daimler Bern Ulm, Cap-Gemini Innovation and Politecnico di Torino; the device acts as an Acoustic Front-End, performing the feature extraction and the acoustic-phonetic decoding stages. For\\u000a the feature extraction stage, several speech processing algorithms were tested and compared by means of RSA (Recognition

F. Charpentier; G. Micca; E. Schukat-Talamazzini; T. Thomas

382

How does technological advance affect the quality and variety of information products?  

Microsoft Academic Search

JEL Classifications: D24, O33, L82, L86 Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the 31, Annual TPRC Conference in Washington, D. C.. October, 2003; the 2004 International Industrial Organization Conference, Chicago, April 23-24, 2004; and the NBER All Universities Conference on the Economics of the Information Economy, Cambridge, MA, May 7-8, 2004.I am grateful to participants at these conferences

David Waterman

383

Journey Through Statistical Mechanics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

My first involvement with statistical mechanics and the many body problem was when I was a student at The National Southwest Associated University in Kunming during the war. At that time Professor Wang Zhu-Xi had just come back from Cambridge, England, where he was a student of Fowler, and his thesis was on phase transitions, a hot topic at that time, and still a very hot topic today...

Yang, C. N.

2013-05-01

384

Technical Report: Decimalisation Table Attacks for PIN Cracking  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An extremely controversial find by two University of Cambridge researchers has exposed a security weakness in the cryptographic systems used by banks to store personal identification numbers for automatic teller machine cards. The discovery is described in a February 2003 technical report, which states that the vulnerability can be exploited by malicious users to crack the PIN in fifteen guesses, on average, rather than the intended 5,000.

Bond, Mike.; Zieliăâ´nski, Piotr.

2003-01-01

385

Toward a formal verification of a floating-point coprocessor and its composition with a central processing unit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Discussed here is work to formally specify and verify a floating point coprocessor based on the MC68881. The HOL verification system developed at Cambridge University was used. The coprocessor consists of two independent units: the bus interface unit used to communicate with the cpu and the arithmetic processing unit used to perform the actual calculation. Reasoning about the interaction and synchronization among processes using higher order logic is demonstrated.

Pan, Jing; Levitt, Karl N.; Cohen, Gerald C.

1991-01-01

386

Modern theories of metabolic control and their applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing, qualitative notions with respect to the way in which enzyme properties control metabolism are discussed in the light of the control analysis developed by H. Kacser and J. A. Burns ((1973) in: Rate Control of Biological Processes, Davies DD, ed., Cambridge University Press, pp. 63–104) and R. Heinrich and T. A. Rapoport ((1974) Eur. 3. Biochem.42, 89–95), and recent

Hans V. Westerhoff; Albert K. Groen; Ronald J. A. Wanders

1984-01-01

387

Situational judgment test research: Informing the debate on practical intelligence theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gottfredson, L.S. (2003). Dissecting practical intelligence theory: Its claims and evidence. Intelligence, 31, 343-397.) provided a detailed critique of Sternberg's (Sternberg, R.J., Fotsythe, G.B., Hedlund, J., Horvath, J.A., Wagner, R.K., Williams, W.M., Snook, S.A., Grigorenko, E.L. (2000). Practical intelligence in everyday life. New York: Cambridge University Press.) practical intelligence theory. The current paper seeks to supplement Gottfredson's extensive critique using

Michael A. McDaniel; Deborah L. Whetzel

388

Reviews of Books  

Microsoft Academic Search

BRUCE G. TRIGGER. Understanding Early Civilizations: A Comparative Study. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Pp. xiii, 757. $50.00 (US). Reviewed by Robert McC. AdamsJOHN A. LYNN. Battle: A History of Combat and Culture. Boulder: Westview Press, 2003. Pp. xxv, 399. $27.50 (US). Reviewed by Hew StrachanRICHARD A. GABRIEL. The Great Armies of Antiquity. Westport: Praeger, 2002. Pp. xxi, 430.

Robert Mc C. Adams; Hew Strachan; R. M. Sheldon; Hugh Laracy; Arthur M. Eckstein; Marjorie Chibnall; Roger Collins; Felipe Fernández-Armesto; John Norris; Peter C. Perdue; Mark A. Burkholder; John M. Murrin; Simon Burrows; Paul Webb; Donald Denoon; James J. Fox; James L. Huffman; Elizabeth Greenhalgh; Lothar Höbelt; Madeline Y. Hsu; Phyllis M. Martin; Sneh Mahajan; Laurent Goetschel; Brian Bond; Jay Winter; David Day; Raymond Millen; Philip Carabot; Henry Ashby Turner Jr; Desmond Morton; Frank Ninkovich; Nicholas J. Cull; Sabine Lee; Sheila Carapico; Ritchie Ovendale; Michael Share; Cathie Carmichael; Robert D. English; Richard Ned Lebow; Mark W. McLeod; Michael Krepon; Doug Owram; Peter J. Smith; Hendrik Spruyt; Peter Karsten; Bradley R. Simpson; David Mayers; Qiang Zhai; Peter Sluglett; James Lee Ray; Arthur Jay Klinghoffer; John Kent; Stephen M. Walt; M. June Flanders; William R. Thompson; Immanuel Wallerstein

2004-01-01

389

Large vocabulary continuous speech recognition using HTK  

Microsoft Academic Search

HTK is a portable software toolkit for building speech recognition systems using continuous density hidden Markov models developed by the Cambridge University Speech Group. One particularly successful type of system uses mixture density tied-state triphones. We have used this technique for the 5 k\\/20 k word ARPA Wall Street Journal (WSJ) task. We have extended our approach from using word-internal

P. C. Woodland; J. J. Odell; V. Valtchev; S. J. Young

1994-01-01

390

Why Darwin rejected intelligent design  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a Cambridge University undergraduate Charles Darwin was fascinated and convinced by the argument for intelligent design,\\u000a as set forth in William Paley’s 1802 classic, Natural Theology. Subsequently, during his five-year voyage on HMS Beagle (1831–1836), Darwin interpreted his biological findings through a creationist lens, including the thought-provoking evidence\\u000a he encountered during his historic visit to the Galápagos Islands in

Frank J. Sulloway

2009-01-01

391

Dynamic Compaction Modeling Comparison for Porous Silica Powder  

Microsoft Academic Search

A computational analysis of the dynamic compaction of porous silica is presented and compared with experimental measurements. The experiments were conducted at Cambridge University's one-dimensional flyer plate facility. The experiments shock loaded samples of silica dust of various initial porous densities up to a pressure of 2.25 GPa. The computational simulations utilized porous material models, P-lambda and P-alpha, in conjunction

John Borg; Larry Schwalbe; D. J. Chapman; Andrew Lloyd; Aaron Ward

2005-01-01

392

Dynamic Compaction Modeling of Porous Silica Powder  

Microsoft Academic Search

A computational analysis of the dynamic compaction of porous silica is presented and compared with experimental measurements. The experiments were conducted at Cambridge University's one-dimensional flyer plate facility. The experiments shock loaded samples of silica dust of various initial porous densities up to a pressure of 2.25 GPa. The computational simulations utilized a linear Us-Up Hugoniot. The compaction events were

John P. Borg; Larry Schwalbe; John Cogar; D. J. Chapman; K. Tsembelis; Aaron Ward; Andrew Lloyd

2006-01-01

393

Reviews of Book  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geoffrey Blainey. A Short History of the World. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2002. Pp. xi, 464. 827.50 (US). Reviewed by W. Warren WagarAlfred W. Crosby. Throwing Fire: Projectile Technology through History. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Pp. xii, 206. $26.00 (US). Reviewed by William H. McneillEdwin G. Pulleyblank. Central Asia and Non-Chinese Peoples of Ancient China. Aldershot and Burlington:

W. Warren Wagar; William H. McNeill; Nicola Di Cosmo; Chandra R. De Silva; Peter Edbury; Jonathan Shepard; Felipe Fernández-Armesto; Christine Kooi; Edward Furgol; Deborah Howard; Fred Halliday; John Craig; Jennifer Mori; Norman Hampson; Sarah H. Hill; K. David Milobar; Dina Rizk Khoury; Enrico Dal Lago; J. E. Cookson; Jim Smyth; Andrew S. Thompson; Richard Thorburn Herzog; William R. Morrison; David Clayton; Thomas Schoonover; Craig Gibson; Martin Ceadel; Edward P. Crapol; John Beeler; David French; Anthony Adamthwaite; Joan Judge; Geoffrey Till; Frank Tachau; Bryan C. Storey; David W. McFadden; William B. Cohen; B. J. C. McKercher; Keith Neilson; Gary R. Hess; Jürgen Nautz; Joseph A. Maiolo; Allan R. Millett; Igor Lukes; Nicholas J. White; Chan Lau Kit-Ching; Frank Ninkovich; Owen Chadwick; Colin McInnes; Norman J. W. Goda; Bruce Scates; Desmond Morton; Andrew J. Dunar; David Goldsworthy; Phillip C. Naylor; Alan S. Milward; Anita Inder Singh; Donald Abenheim; K. M. Fierke; Richard J. Aldrich; Robert K. Brigham; Wolfram Kaiser; Wesley T. Wooley; Wayne S. Smith; Helga Haftendorn; Hugo Dobson; Sylvia Maxfield; Virginia Martin; Martin Kitchen; Taras Kuzio; Joel J. Sokolsky; Nicholas Onuf; Brian Loveman; Chadwick F. Alger

2003-01-01

394

Pulsars: Little Green Men  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The discovery of pulsars won Cambridge University professor Anthony Hewish the first Nobel Prize in physics given to an astronomical subject. In this comic-book-style story Jocelyn Bell explains her role as a graduate student in discovering these exotic stars and why she first referred to them as 'little green men'. The discussion includes what a pulsar actually is (a neutron star) and how it produces its precisely pulsating signal.

2010-10-04

395

Book notes\\/Boeknotas  

Microsoft Academic Search

J S H Gildenhuys, 1989.Owerheidsfinansies, Pretoria: J L van Schaik, pp 709, R99 + AVB.Elna Schoeman, (Compiler) 1988.South African Sanctions Directory 1946–1988. Actions by Governments, banks, churches, trade unions, universities, international and regional organizations, Johannesburg: South African Institute of International Affairs, Pp vi + 235. Index. R50.D. Beetham, 1985.Max Weber and the Theory of Modern Politics, Cambridge: Polity Press pp.

Y. Andrews; M. Carstens; Marie Muller; Theo Venter; Deon Geldenhuys; Ralph Lawrence; Albert Venter

1989-01-01

396

English Language Learners: Education, Assessment, and Clinical Intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Language Development and Education: Children with Varying Language Experience. Menyuk Paula, Maria Estela Brisk. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2005. Pp. xi+220. ISBN 1-4039-2121-0Educating English Language Learners: A Synthesis of Research Evidence. Fred Genesee, Kathryn Lindholm-Leary, William M. Saunders, Donna Christian (eds). New York: Cambridge University Press. 2006. Pp. x+246. ISBN 0-521-67699-1Bilingual Language Development and Disorders in Spanish-English Speakers. Brian Goldstein

Aneta Pavlenko

2007-01-01

397

Plasma universe  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Traditionally the views on the cosmic environent have been based on observations in the visual octave of the electromagnetic spectrum, during the last half-century supplemented by infrared and radio observations. Space research has opened the full spectrum. Of special importance are the X-ray-gamma-ray regions, in which a number of unexpected phenomena have been discovered. Radiations in these regions are likely to originate mainly from magnetised cosmic plasmas. Such a medium may also emit synchrotron radiation which is observable in the radio region. If a model of the universe is based on the plasma phenomena mentioned it is found that the plasma universe is drastically different from the traditional visual universe. Information about the plasma universe can also be obtained by extrapolation of laboratory experiments and magnetospheric in situ measurements of plasmas. This approach is possible because it is likely that the basic properties of plasmas are the same everywhere. In order to test the usefulness of the plasma universe model it is applied to cosmogony. Such an approach seems to be rather successful. For example, the complicated structure of the Saturnian C ring can be accounted for. It is possible to reconstruct certain phenomena 4 to 5 billions of years ago with an accuracy of better than 1%.

Alfven, H.

1986-01-01

398

Easy PC Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Easy PC Astronomy is the perfect book for everyone who wants to make easy and accurate astronomical calculations. The author supplies a simple but powerful script language called AstroScript on a disk, ready to use on any IBM PC-type computer. Equipped with this software, readers can compute complex but interesting astronomical results within minutes: from the time of moonrise or moonset anywhere in the world on any date, to the display of a lunar or solar eclipse on the computer screen--all within a few minutes of opening the book! The Sky Graphics feature of the software displays a detailed image of the sky as seen from any point on earth--at any time in the future or past--showing the constellations, planets, and a host of other features. Readers need no expert knowledge of astronomy, math or programming; the author provides full details of the calculations and formulas, which the reader can absorb or ignore as desired, and a comprehensive glossary of astronomical terms. Easy PC Astronomy is of immediate practical use to beginning and advanced amateur astronomers, students at all levels, science teachers, and research astronomers. Peter Duffett-Smith is at the Cavendish Laboratory of the University of Cambridge and is the author of Astronomy with Your Personal Computer (Cambridge University Press, 1990) and Practical Astronomy with Your Calculator (Cambridge University Press, 1989).

Duffett-Smith, Peter

1996-11-01

399

Nicholas Shackleton (1937-2006)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nicholas Shackleton, one of the giants of Earth sciences in the latter half of the 20th century, died on 24 January 2006 at his home in Cambridge, U.K. after a long illness. His contributions were almost too numerous to discuss, but many revolved around the central topic of time, and its role in geology. His long-time friend and colleague, John Imbrie of Brown University (Providence, R.I.), once remarked that ``stratigraphy is 90 percent of geology,'' and it is arguable that few people made more contributions to the understanding of time in geology than Shackleton. Born in 1937, a distant relative of the Antarctic explorer Ernest Shackleton, and a son of the eminent field geologist, Robert Shackleton (FRS), Nicholas Shackleton spent his entire career at Cambridge University. After graduating from Cambridge's Clare College in 1961, he worked on isotopic measurements of paleotemperatures in the Quaternary Period (last 1.8 million years). Contrary to the earlier work of another giant, Cesare Emiliani of the University of Miami, Florida, Shackleton concluded in a 1967 Nature paper that much of the covariance of planktonic and benthonic ?18O records was due to ice volume fluctuations, and that therefore ?18O variations could be used as a global stratigraphic tool.

Crowley, Thomas J.

2006-04-01

400

University Wire  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University Wire is a daily Internet news service for college newspapers. Included are a story of the day, a large list of pointers to Internet resources in topics such as current headlines, politics, medicine and health, and women's resources; a "Kopyedit Korner," with pointers to writing reference materials; a placement center with job openings lists for college journalists; a large selection of pointers to college newspapers; and pointers to general circulation newspapers. Pointers to student and professional journalism organizations, as well as a calendar of journalism related events, are also provided. University Wire is a service of The Main Quad.

1997-01-01

401

Universe Today  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published by Fraser Cain, this modest current awareness service gathers space exploration news stories from around the Internet. The stories, usually four per day, are briefly summarized, and for each, Cain offers links to full-text articles from one or more sources. Users can read Universe Today at the site, which also contains an archive, internal search engine, and related links, or they can subscribe to receive the newsletter by email. Although not as comprehensive as some astronomy news sites, Universe Today does cover some of the top stories and will appeal to the busy general user with an interest in space exploration.

402

Molecular Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fantastic resource for college-level students of chemistry provides abundant images and explanatory text on molecules and molecular systems. The site's main provider is Richard Catlow, Director of the Davy Faraday Research Laboratory at the Royal Institution of Great Britain. Molecular Universe presents a collection of lessons, arranged into categories such as Building in Three Dimensions, Boundaries and Barriers, and The Molecules of Life. The sleek color illustrations demonstrate everything from diamond structure to a DNA molecule. Highlights of the site include a detailed look at protein folding, how molecules taste, and molecules and computers. Both students and professors should journey to the Molecular Universe.

Catlow, C. R. A. (Charles Richard Arthur), 1947-

2000-01-01

403

Widener University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1821, Widener University is a two-state (Pennsylvania and Delaware), four-campus, eight-college private institution serving approximately 6,700 students. Following arrival of the new senior vice president and provost in 2004 and subsequent reorganization of vice presidential responsibilities, Student Affairs is now led by a dean of…

Valesey, Brigitte; Allen, Jo

2009-01-01

404

Washington University  

Cancer.gov

Washington University Medical School's concept of an In vivo Cellular and Molecular Imaging Center (ICMIC) envisions a process that will permit the Center to become the focal point for the development of novel in vivo molecular imaging initiatives on campus. This involves further expanding and reinforcing collaborations and enhancing the productivity of multidisciplinary programs in basic cancer cell biology and molecular imaging research.

405

The Life of Edward the Confessor  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Cambridge University library has recently made available online "the only copy of a thirteenth-century Anglo-Norman, illuminated Life of St. Edward the Confessor." The manuscript, written in the 1230s or 40s and executed in the 1250s or 60s, is well-preserved, and its new availability should be a boon for medievalists. Cambridge's site allows users to page through all 37 folios, beginning with the first, or to obtain descriptions of each folio and view them selectively. Users can zoom in on all or part of a page or view pages side-by-side. The site also includes a brief introduction to the manuscript and suggestions for further reading.

406

Differentiating between elastically bent rectangular beams and plates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report x-ray microdiffraction curvature measurements of a (100)-type Si single crystal loaded in four-point bending and provide experimental verification of a procedure for differentiating between anisotropic, elastically bent beams and plates. In general usage, beam and plate components are distinguished by dimensions alone. In mechanics, however, beams and plates are differentiated based on their flexural rigidity and stress state. Since current textbooks do not provide a quantitative technique for selecting the proper constitutive equations for these two types of structures, we suggest the extension of an analysis for isotropic materials originated by Searle [G. F. C. Searle, Experimental Elasticity (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1908), pp. 40-58] and expanded on by Ashwell [D. G. Ashwell, J. R. Aeronaut. Soc. 54, 708 (1950)]. We demonstrate that, by varying the degree of bending of an anisotropic strip, a single specimen can behave as both a beam and a plate, as is predicted by this analysis.

Kaldor, S. K.; Noyan, I. C.

2002-04-01

407

Reconsideration of contemporary U.S. drug policy.  

PubMed

In their recent book Drug War Heresies: Learning From Other Vices, Times, and Places (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), MacCoun and Reuter challenge the continuation of contemporary U.S. drug policy. Depenalization and legalization of illicit drugs are evaluated as alternatives to U.S. prohibition policy, with harm reduction (mitigation of social damages) as the criterion for guiding drug regime change. The appraisal encompasses an analysis of underlying philosophical and social mechanisms of current U.S. policy as well as drawing analogies from a comprehensive review of American vices and also Western European governmental interventions into illicit drug activities. What is apparent is that the evaluation and the available evidence entail substantial complexity and do not readily present unequivocal positions. The evaluation also strongly indicates that considerable difficulty would be encountered not only for the implementation of alternative regimes but also for the engagement in open political discussion of prohibition alternatives. PMID:14578551

Solano, Paul L

2002-12-01

408

Advanced fit technique for astrophysical spectra (Bukvic+, 2008)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simple FORTRAN90 Demo of a complete program that uses DLSFIT routine (Bukvic, Spasojevic, and Zigman) for robust data fitting. The program consists of: 1) main program: DLSFITAADemo 2) subroutine DLSFIT, which performs DSL data fitting, 3) subroutine fit - WLS "working engine" for DLSFIT, 4) copyright protected FORTRAN77 subroutines: mrqmin, mrqcof, lfit, covsrt, gaussj, zbrent from: Numerical Recipes in Fortran 77: The Art of Scientific Computing, by Press, W.H., Teukolsky, S.A., Vetterling, W.T., and Flannery, B.P., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2001, software version 2.10: available on WEB site: http//www.nr.com Tested with Compaq Visual Fortran 6.6 and Intel 9.1 compilers. Should be compiled with REAL(8) as default real kind. (1 data file).

Bukvic, S.; Spasojevic, Dj.; Zigman, V.

2007-11-01

409

Effects of vacancies on the inter-tube conductance of carbon nanotubes ropes and multiwalled nanotubes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Carbon Nanotubes exhibit conducting and semi-conducting behaviour depending on the tube chirality. When bundled together in ropes, tunnelling between nanotubes of different chiralities is heavily suppressed due to energy momentum conservation[1][2]. We investigate the effects of a scattering potential on the tunnelling between finite length metallic tubes of different chiralities using a Green's function method[3]. We find a large increase in inter-tube conductance due to a single vacancy and compare this with other mechanisms for loss of momentum conservation. Bibliography [1]A.A Maarouf, C.L.Kane, and E.J.Mele, Phys. Rev. B 61,11156 (2000) [2]H.Stahl, J. Appenzeller, R. Martel, P.Avouris, and B. Lengeler, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 5186 [3]Datta S. phElectronic Transport in Mesoscopic Systems, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1999)

Tunney, Matthew A.; Cooper, Nigel R.

2004-03-01

410

Tinnitus retraining therapy.  

PubMed

Tinnitus retraining therapy (TRT) is a specific clinical method based on the neurophysiological model of tinnitus described by Jastreboff (Jastreboff, P.J. (1990). Neurosci. Res., 8: 221-254). The method is aimed at habituation of reactions evoked by tinnitus, and subsequently habituation of the tinnitus perception. Several other methods have been suggested for habituation of tinnitus, but in TRT two components that strictly follow the principles of the neurophysiological model of tinnitus are implemented and necessary: (1) counseling, aimed at reclassification of tinnitus to a category of a neutral signals and (2) sound therapy, aimed at weakening tinnitus-related neuronal activity as suggested by Jastreboff and Hazell (Jastreboff, P.J. and Hazell, J.W.P. (2004). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge). This chapter outlines the theoretical basis of TRT as well as comments on the clinical outcome of the use of TRT for different kinds of tinnitus. PMID:17956806

Jastreboff, P J

2007-01-01

411

Field additivity of the middle-wavelength cone pathway under various test and field configurations.  

PubMed

The field additivity of the M-cone pathway was measured with psychometric functions at 10 times absolute threshold on monochromatic fields and their mixtures. Observers detected a 500 nm test on 530 or 610 nm fields, and a 530 nm test on 481 or 622 nm fields. For both sets of wavelengths, field additivity held with the 1 deg test, 10 deg field condition which defines II-4 and with the 3.6 min are test on a 8.6 min arc field used to isolate the M fundamental by Stockman [(1983) Ph. D. thesis, Trinity College, Cambridge University, Cambridge]. Sub-additivity occurred for a 1 deg test on a 1 deg field, a condition for Foster's "spectral sharpening" which may evince opponency. PMID:7900299

Schirillo, J A; Reeves, A

1995-03-01

412

Stanford University  

Cancer.gov

Stanford University has recruited a multidisciplinary team of scientist to address promising quantitative imaging methods to improve the ability of cancer researchers to evaluate tumor burden and treatment response through the support of the Quantitative Imaging Network. To date, progress is thwarted by the lack of software infrastructure to record quantitative imaging information efficiently and reproducibly in the routine clinical workflow, and by the inability to store and share image metadata in standard formats.

413

Vanderbilt University  

Cancer.gov

Vanderbilt University has developed an interdisciplinary group of scientists, supported by the Quantitative Imaging Network to develop integrated high field (3T) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) methods for assessing the effects of molecularly targeted anti-angiogenesis and cytoxic treatments in breast cancer clinical trials. The goal is to provide the breast cancer community with practical data acquisition and analysis protocols that facilitate the translation of advanced imaging technologies into patient management and clinical trials.

414

Vanderbilt University  

Cancer.gov

This application seeks support for a new Small Animal Imaging Resource (SAIR) at Vanderbilt University, dedicated to providing scientific and technical resources and support for non-invasive imaging of small animal models of cancer in vivo. The equipment and personnel needed to support cancer imaging in small animals will be provided by a new center which provides access to a comprehensive array of imaging resources.

415

Open University  

ScienceCinema

Michel Pentz est née en Afrique du Sud et venu au Cern en 1957 comme physicien et président de l'associaion du personnel. Il est également fondateur du mouvement Antiapartheid de Genčve et a participé ŕ la fondation de l'Open University en Grande-Bretagne. Il nous parle des contextes pédagogiques, culturels et nationaux dans lesquels la méthode peut s'appliquer.

None

2011-04-25

416

Our Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students will learn about the different planets and the sun. They will learn that the sun is a star that lights and heats the earth. Check out these web sites and then answer the following questions. Blast off to this website. Play a game or two! When you are done, write down which game or games you played and three things you learned about our universe. Kidsastronomy Now, check out the awesome facts about this familiar star. Then ...

D., Mrs.

2006-10-11

417

Universal Time  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a lesson plan for an activity that explores time zone math. Learners will translate their local time to times in other zones around the world and work with the concept of Universal Time, specifically in reference to the reporting, description and analysis of solar flares and coronal mass ejections. This is activity 10 from Exploring Magnetism Guide 3: Magnetic Mysteries of the Aurora educator guide.

418

The linguistically aware teacher and the teacher-aware linguist.  

PubMed

This review evaluates issues of teacher linguistic knowledge relating to their work with children with speech, language and communication difficulties (SLCD). Information is from Ellis and McCartney [(2011a). Applied linguistics and primary school teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press], a state-of-the-art text deriving from a British Association of Applied Linguistics/Cambridge University Press expert seminar series that details: linguistic research underpinning primary school curricula and pedagogy; the form of linguistic knowledge useful for teachers supporting children with SLCD in partnership with speech and language therapists; and how and when teachers acquire and learn to apply such knowledge. Critical analysis of the options presented for teacher learning indicate that policy enjoinders now include linguistic application as an expected part of teachers' professional knowledge, for all children including those with SLCD, but there is a large unmet learning need. It is concluded that there is a role for clinical linguists to disseminate useable knowledge to teachers in an accessible format. Ways of achieving this are considered. PMID:23621402

McCartney, Elspeth; Ellis, Sue

2013-07-01

419

RAD University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Operated by RAD Data Communications, this site has glossaries and a myriad of tutorials related to computer networks. Students "at Tel Aviv University and the Technion, Israel Institute of Technology" created the tutorials, which are grouped into several categories. These include introductory information, security and application protocols, infrastructure, and network layers. The tutorials are quite well made; most are very comprehensive with diagrams and illustrations. There are even some games and quizzes to reinforce what is presented in the tutorials. The three glossaries give simple, straightforward definitions and descriptions of various terms and technologies.

2002-01-01

420

Afterschool Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This astronomy program is designed for middle school children in out-of-school-time settings. The program explores basic astronomy concepts (like invisible light, telescopes) and focuses on the universe outside the solar system (stars, galaxies, black holes). The program is structured for use in a variety of settings, including astronomy days, summer camps, or year-long afterschool programs. Although session activities build concepts sequentially, each session activity is designed to be freestanding as not all participants may attend every session. A manual provides background information and descriptions of how to conduct each activity. A companion website provides additional information and resources for the program leader.

421

ASL University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

American Sign Language (ASL) University is an online curriculum resource for American Sign Language students, instructors, interpreters, and parents of deaf children. The website provides a wealth of learning tools for both teaching and learning ASL. Teachers are encouraged to use the lessons provided to teach in their own classes. In addition to the available courses, a very comprehensive American Sign Language dictionary is available to help those just learning ASL or those looking to learn how to add to their vocabulary. Furthermore, the site has a newsletter that is distributed through a mailing list.

Vicars, William G.

2007-01-25

422

Wheelchair University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This collection of lecture notes is intended to provide readers with a "practical learning experience on some aspect of wheelchair technology." Several topics on wheeled mobility are covered, including powered wheelchair anatomy and the development of standards. Seating biomechanics, wheelchair cushions, and other details helpful for wheelchair evaluation are given in a series of lecture slides. The last section deals with transportation safety and practices to reduce or prevent crash injuries. Resources on wheelchair research and development are given on the Wheelchair University homepage.

423

Universal Peptidomimetics  

PubMed Central

This paper concerns peptidomimetic scaffolds that can present side-chains in conformations resembling those of amino acids in secondary structures without incurring excessive entropic or enthalpic penalties. Compounds of this type are referred to here as minimalist mimics. The core hypothesis of this paper is that small sets of such scaffolds can be designed to analog local pairs of amino acids (including non-contiguous ones) in any secondary structure, ie they are universal peptidomimetics. To illustrate this concept we designed a set of four peptidomimetic scaffolds (1 – 4). Libraries based on these were made bearing side-chains corresponding to many of the protein-derived amino acids. Modeling experiments were performed to give an indication of kinetic and thermodynamic accessibilities of conformations that can mimic secondary structures. Together peptidomimetics based on scaffolds 1 – 4 can adopt conformations that resemble almost any combination of local amino acid side-chains in any secondary structure. Universal peptidomimetics of this kind are likely to be most useful in the design of libraries for high throughput screening against diverse targets. Consequently, data arising from submission of these molecules to the NIH Molecular Libraries Small Molecule Repository (MLSMR) is outlined.

Ko, Eunhwa; Liu, Jing; Perez, Lisa M.; Lu, Genliang; Schaefer, Amber; Burgess, Kevin

2011-01-01

424

The New Universities: Introduction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of the functions and purposes of universities, with reference to their respective importance in England and the United States. The first of 10 articles studying the following English universities in depth--(1) University of Sussex, (2) University of York, (3) University of East Anglia, (4) University of Essex, (5) University of Kent…

Brawne, Michael

1970-01-01

425

Research at the Expense of Teaching? The Oxbridge Dilemma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a previous article (Evans, 2007) I explored some of the challenges HEFCE has recently presented to Oxford and Cambridge governance. These are far from over, with HEFCE insisting that Oxford answer eight "questions" later this year and Cambridge throwing down the gauntlet, with a ballot on the modest attempt to raise the number of external…

Evans, G. R.

2008-01-01

426

We Still Need More Girls in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mission over the past 15 years at Cambridge has been to raise the profile and enjoyment of chemistry amongst students. However, having recently hosted its second annual reception for the very top students who entered this year's Cambridge Chemistry Challenge written paper, one thing was quite striking; despite the wide range of schools and…

Wothers, Peter

2013-01-01

427

The Visual Identity Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identity is the focus of the middle-school visual arts program at Cambridge Friends School (CFS) in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Sixth graders enter the middle school and design a personal logo as their first major project in the art studio. The logo becomes a way for students to introduce themselves to their teachers and to represent who they are…

Tennant-Gadd, Laurie; Sansone, Kristina Lamour

2008-01-01

428

Beyond Reading and Writing: A Workplace Curriculum Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of an 18-month workplace education program at 2 health care sites in Cambridge, Massachusetts, showed that the curriculum designed could be adapted for other workplace education programs. The workplace education program was designed to help improve the language skills of employees at Neville Manor and at the Cambridge Hospital. Of 35…

Lowry, Betsy; Sterling, Deb

429

New Frontiers: Moving the Humanities Model of Curricular Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) humanities model in the Cambridge (Massachusetts) public schools has significantly affected curricular reform and teacher development. The endeavor is in its third year at the Pilot School, a program within the Cambridge Rindge and Latin School. The article describes progressive reform experiences…

Grady, Elizabeth

1995-01-01

430

City Works. Modules One-Five.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

CityWorks is a course offered at the Rindge School of Technical Arts, open to all ninth-grade students in Cambridge, Massachusetts. During the course, students investigate Cambridge's neighborhoods, services, and industries; they make maps, take photographs, draw blueprints, build models, make videotapes, and write oral histories. The focus is on…

Rindge School of Technical Arts, Cambridge, MA.

431

The Reading Disc: Learning to Read Using Interactive CD  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the past eighteen months, Cambridge Training and Development (CTAD) in association with Next Technology, the Cambridge based production firm, have been developing an interactive compact disc on CD?ROM XA to help adults learn to read. The disc runs on IBM?compatibles with certain upgrades and combines all the elements of multimedia (photographs, text, sound, computer graphics and motion video) in

Simon Shaw

1991-01-01

432

A History of the Electron  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Introduction; 1. The early years in Manchester and Cambridge; 2. J. J. Thomson's early work in Cambridge: a continuous and all-embracing physics; 3. The ether and the corpuscle: from waves to particles; 4. On creeds and policies: the corpuscular theory of matter; 5. Father and son. Old and new physics; 6. The electron in Aberdeen: from particle to wave; Index.

Navarro, Jaume

2012-09-01

433

Obituary: Martha Locke Hazen, 1931-2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Longtime Harvard Curator of Astronomical Photographs and AAVSO officer Martha Hazen passed away on 23 December 2006 at Hingham, Massachusetts, after a short illness due to acute myelogenous leukemia. One of four children of Harold Locke and Katherine (neé Salisbury) Hazen, Martha was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on 15 July 1931, and raised in the Town of Belmont, near Cambridge,

Thomas R. Williams; Lee Anne Willson

2007-01-01

434

Needham, Joseph (1900-95)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historian of science, he was educated at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, where he eventually became Master. A friendship with three young Chinese researchers in Cambridge inspired him to learn Chinese, and during the Second World War he was posted to Chongqing, where he became acquainted with Chinese achievements in science and technology, and was astonished. This inspired him to devot...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

435

University of Pennsylvania: University Archives  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many colleges and universities have carefully maintained archival collections that are consulted by historians and alumni interested in learning first-hand about their storied pasts. Not many institutions of higher learning can boast of such a nice collection of online materials, and certainly this website serves as a good example to others looking to develop such a collection. First-time visitors will want to take a look at the digital image collection, which contains 725 images depicting the campus in West Philadelphia, along with maps, slides, and sketches. Along with performing a simple search, visitors can browse a list of topical collections. Another good feature located here is a reproduction of an 1895 article from Harper's Magazine by Francis N. Thorpe that contains 18 illustrations within its 21 pages. Visitors looking for historical sketches of Penn's history and development will want to browse the section that offers numerous essays, including titles dealing with urban renewal and the university's gradual expansion over the 125 years.

436

ZED- A LINE EDITOR FOR THE DEC VAX  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ZED editor for the DEC VAX is a simple, yet powerful line editor for text, program source code, and non-binary data. Line editors can be superior to screen editors in some cases, such as executing complex multiple or conditional commands, or editing via slow modem lines. ZED excels in the area of text processing by using procedure files. For example, such procedures can reformat a file of addresses or remove all comment lines from a FORTRAN program. In addition to command files, ZED also features versatile search qualifiers, global changes, conditionals, on-line help, hexadecimal mode, space compression, looping, logical combinations of search strings, journaling, visible control characters, and automatic detabbing. The ZED editor was originally developed at Cambridge University in London and has been continuously enhanced since 1976. Users of the Cambridge implementation have devised such elaborate ZED procedures as chess games, calculators, and programs for evaluating Pi. This implementation of ZED strives to maintain the characteristics of the Cambridge editor. A complete ZED manual is included on the tape. ZED is written entirely in C for either batch or interactive execution on the DEC VAX under VMS 4.X and requires 80,896 bytes of memory. This program was released in 1988 and updated in 1989.

Scott, P. J.

1994-01-01

437

Towards science educational spaces as dynamic and coauthored communities of practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this essay review, four studies around the themes of identity and globalization are summarized and analyzed. The researchers' perspectives are generally grounded in Brown and Campione's ideas on situated knowledge ( Classroom lessons: Integrating cognitive theory and classroom practice (pp. 229-270). Cambridge: The MIT Press/Bradford Books, 1994) and Lave and Wenger's definition of learning as an activity fostered through participation in communities of practice ( Situated learning. Legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge: University of Cambridge Press, 1991). Questions about the goals of science education spaces, the nature of globalization in relation to practices in schools, the role of identities-in-practice in relation to participation in communities of practice such as classrooms are explored. Recommendations for key design features in effective science educational spaces, based upon the findings presented in the collection of four studies, are offered. School, it is suggested here, functions best as a clearing house for the myriad science-related stories student participants generate in their various communities of practice (e.g., within popular culture, family, community, informal educational sites). In this way, school has the potential to construct bridges between multiple student experiences and identities-in-practice.

Dhingra, Koshi

2008-04-01

438

The cyclic universe  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cyclic universe model is a modification of the ekpyrotic universe and the pyrotechnic universe models. The cyclic universe goes through the six transitions: the triplet universe, the inflation, the big bang, the quintessence, the big crush, and the deflation transitions. The universe starts with eleven dimensional space-time with two boundary 9-branes separated by a finite gap spanning an intervening

Ding-Yu Chung

2001-01-01

439

A Physicist for All Seasons: Part I  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first part of this interview covers Frank Oppenheimer's childhood, family background, and early education in New York City; his deep lifelong bond to his older brother Robert; his undergraduate years at Johns Hopkins University (1930-1933); his stays at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge, England, and at the University of Florence, Italy (1933-1935); his graduate studies at the California Institute of Technology (1935-1939); his postdoctoral assistantship at Stanford University (1939-1941); and the frequent summers he spent in New Mexico with his brother, family, and friends.

Oppenheimer, Frank

2013-03-01

440

Chemistry in the News: 1997 Nobel Prizes in Chemistry and Medicine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chemistry The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has awarded the 1997 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with one half to Paul D. Boyer (University of California, Los Angeles, USA) and John E. Walker (Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK) for elucidation of the mechanism of action of ATP synthase, which catalyzes the synthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP); and one half to Jens C. Skou (Aarhus University, Denmark) for the first discovery of an ion-transporting enzyme, Na+,K+-ATPase. The three laureates have performed pioneering work on enzymes that catalyze reactions of the "high-energy" compound adenosine triphosphate (ATP).

1997-12-01

441

Should trainee doctors use the developing world to gain clinical experience? The annual Varsity Medical Debate - London, Friday 20th January, 2012  

PubMed Central

The 2012 Varsity Medical Debate between Oxford University and Cambridge University provided a stage for representatives from these famous institutions to debate the motion “This house believes that trainee doctors should be able to use the developing world to gain clinical experience.” This article brings together many of the arguments put forward during the debate, centring around three major points of contention: the potential intrinsic wrong of ‘using’ patients in developing countries; the effects on the elective participant; and the effects on the host community. The article goes on to critically appraise overseas elective programmes, offering a number of solutions that would help optimise their effectiveness in the developing world.

2013-01-01

442

The New Universities. (Architectural Character)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Photographs and comparative statistics are given for each of the following--(1) University of Sussex, (2) University of York, (3) University of East Anglia, (4) University of Essex, (5) University of Kent at Canterbury, (6) University of Warwick, (7) University of Lancaster, (8) University of Technology, Loughborough, (9) Brunel University, (10)…

Brawne, Michael

1970-01-01

443

The Open Systems University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is focused toward a systems understanding of the contemporary university, the American University being the data base. A general systems conceptualization called the open systems university is presented. Comprehensive and generic in character, it is hoped that the theory of the open university will be viable enough to…

Counelis, James Steve

444

The Global University Press  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The modern world's understanding of American university press has long been shaped by university-press books. American university-press books are good international advertisements for the universities whose logos grace their spines. The growth of transnational scholarship and the expansion of digital communications networks are converging in ways…

Dougherty, Peter J.

2012-01-01

445

Universality in Quantum Computation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We show that in quantum computation almost every gate that operates on two or more bits is a universal gate. We discuss various physical considerations bearing on the proper definition of universality for computational components such as logic gates.

David Deutsch; Adriano Barenco; Artur Ekert

1995-01-01

446

University Examination System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer based information system called UNIVERSITY EXAMINATION SYSTEM has been developed for Quaid-i-Azam University (QAU). The system provides efficient means of data storage and retrieval through a variety of fields. During the storage of information...

S. H. Siddiqui

1991-01-01

447

Metaphor and Universal Language.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to identify elements of universal language and probes the limitations of the communication metaphor. Universal language is discussed in terms of the theory of quantum nonlocality and the implications of this theory for communication with extraterrestrial beings. (PCB)

Blown, Eric; And Others

1990-01-01

448

Models for University Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Looking at practices of university governments in three countries, the author discusses proposals for administrative and constitutional changes in universities. He makes recommendations to resolve the problems. (Author/MF)

Ross, Murray C.

1971-01-01

449

Northern Arizona University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Northern Arizona University (NAU) is a public university nestled below the San Francisco Peaks in Flagstaff, Arizona. It enrolls more than 21,000 undergraduate and graduate students at its main campus in Flagstaff, through its 35 statewide sites, and via online program offerings. Within the university organizational system, Student Affairs has a…

Butcher, Michael F.; Saltonstall, Margot; Bickel, Sarah; Brandel, Rick

2009-01-01

450

The University Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the author discusses the role university culture can play on a campus and how it can impact policy and practice. The article explores how a university's history, values, and vision form its culture and how this culture in turn affects its stability and continuity. The article discusses how newcomers within the university are…

Simplicio, Joseph

2012-01-01

451

A New American University?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews changes in the relationship between American research universities and the federal government from 1945 to the present. During the 1950s and early 1960s, universities were supported in applied science and socially beneficial research. In current times, universities are becoming more autonomous in examining questions of social theory and…

Muller, Steven

1978-01-01

452

The German University System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to familiarize interested persons with the German university system, the German system of higher education is described including recent changes. Covered are: (1) degrees granted; (2) the organization of the universities; and (3) the social role of the professions. The German universities, in the present changing situation, are…

Schneider, R. T.

453

John Carroll University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

John Carroll University (JCU) is a Jesuit Catholic institution located in University Heights, approximately 10 miles east of Cleveland, Ohio. Founded in 1888, the university has a population of 3,400 undergraduates and 800 graduate students. The Division of Student Affairs at JCU comprises 11 units. The mission of the division is the same as that…

Dean, Kathleen Lis; Rombalski, Patrick; O'Dell, Kyle

2009-01-01

454

Hyperconjugation involving strained carbon-carbon bonds. Application of the variable oxygen probe to ester and ether derivatives of cubylmethanol.  

PubMed

Application of the variable oxygen probe to derivatives of (4-methoxycarbonyl)cubylmethanol 11 demonstrated a strong response of C-OR bond distance to the electron demand of the OR substituent, consistent with an enhanced ?-donor ability of the strained C-C bonds of cubane. The extent of cubane donor ability was found to be superior to an unstrained donor 13, comparing data extracted from the Cambridge Structural Database (T. W. Cole, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Chicago, 1966), but weaker than the previously studied cyclopropane donors. Structural evidence is also found for ?CC-?*CO interactions in these structures. PMID:23535874

Harris, Benjamin; Savage, G Paul; White, Jonathan M

2013-05-21

455

Learning generalization in problem solving by a blue-fronted parrot (Amazona aestiva).  

PubMed

Pepperberg (The Alex studies: cognitive and communicative abilities of gray parrots. Harvard University Press, Cambridge;1999) showed that some of the complex cognitive capabilities found in primates are also present in psittacine birds. Through the replication of an experiment performed with cotton-top tamarins (Saguinus oedipus oedipus) by Hauser et al. (Anim Behav 57:565-582; 1999), we examined a blue-fronted parrot's (Amazona aestiva) ability to generalize the solution of a particular problem in new but similar cases. Our results show that, at least when it comes to solving this particular problem, our parrot subject exhibited learning generalization capabilities resembling the tamarins'. PMID:18575906

de Mendonça-Furtado, Olívia; Ottoni, Eduardo B

2008-10-01

456

The fracture toughness of cancellous bone.  

PubMed

The mechanical capacity and integrity of cancellous bone is crucial in osteoporosis, a condition which is set to become more prevalent with increasing lifespan and population sizes. The fracture toughness (FT) of cancellous bone has never been examined before and the conditions associated with the growth of a major crack through the lattice of cancellous bone, a cellular solid, may improve our understanding for structural integrity of this material. The aim of this study is to provide (i) basic data on cancellous bone FT and (ii) the experimental support for the hypothesis of Gibson, L.J., Ashby, M.F. [1997a. Chapter 10: Wood. In: Cellular Solids: Structure and Properties, second ed. Cambridge University Press, pp. 387-428; Gibson, L.J., Ashby, M.F., 1997b. Chapter 11: Cancellous Bone. In: Cellular Solids: Structure and Properties, second ed. Cambridge University Press, pp. 429-52] that the FT of cancellous bone tissue is governed by the density of the tissue to a power function of between one and two. 294 SENB and 121 DC(T) specimen were manufactured from 45 human femoral heads, 37 osteoporotic and 8 osteoarthritic, as well as 19 equine thoracic vertebrae. The samples were manufactured in two groups: the first aligned with the trabecular structure (A( parallel)), the second orientated at 90 degrees to the main trabecular orientation (A( perpendicular)). The samples were tested in either tensile or bending mode to provide values of the stress intensity factor (K). The results which were obtained show a strong and significant link between the density of the cancellous bone tissue and that the critical stress intensity values are governed by the density of the tissue to a power function of between 1 and 2 (K(Q) vs. apparent density: A( perpendicular)=1.58, A( parallel)=1.6). Our results provide some fundamental values for the critical stress intensity factor for cancellous bone and also support the previous hypothesis as set by Gibson, L.J., Ashby, M.F., 1997a. Chapter 10: Wood. In: Cellular Solids: Structure and Properties, second ed. Cambridge University Press, pp. 387-428; Gibson, L.J., Ashby, M.F., (1997b). Chapter 11: Cancellous Bone. In: Cellular Solids: Structure and Properties, second ed. Cambridge University Press, pp. 429-52. PMID:19643417

Cook, R B; Zioupos, P

2009-09-18

457

Fellowships for women  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Mary Ingraham Bunting Institute of Radcliffe College, Cambridge, Mass., is offering a variety of fellowship programs in 1987-1988 for women who wish to pursue independent study in academic and professional fields, in creative writing, and in the visual and performing arts. Fellows must live in the Boston area during their appointment and will have office or studio space, auditing privileges, and access to libraries and other resources provided by Radcliffe College and Harvard University. Those in academic fields must have received a doctorate at least 2 years prior to their appointment.

458

Firm size diversity, functional richness, and resilience  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This paper applies recent advances in ecology to our understanding of firm development, sustainability, and economic development. The ecological literature indicates that the greater the functional richness of species in a system, the greater its resilience - that is, its ability to persist in the face of substantial changes in the environment. This paper focuses on the effects of functional richness across firm size on the ability of industries to survive in the face of economic change. Our results indicate that industries with a richness of industrial functions are more resilient to employment volatility. ?? 2006 Cambridge University Press.

Garmestani, A. S.; Allen, C. R.; Mittelstaedt, J. D.; Stow, C. A.; Ward, W. A.

2006-01-01

459

Material Selection and Processing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Cambridge Department of Engineering operates a very informative site on material selection and processing. Its purpose is "to aid good practice in the selection of materials for product design." Of the many features offered on the site, a particularly valuable section is the Process Encyclopedia. This has a long list of manufacturing processes with detailed descriptions and illustrations. Extensive information about common materials and properties are also given. Interactive material selection charts show the relationship between various physical parameters. Product analysis case studies, tutorials, and many more items make this a very comprehensive resource.

460

Novae as Thermonuclear Laboratories  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fred Hoyle undertook a study of observational consequences of the thermonuclear paradigm for the nova event in the years following his 1972 resignation from Cambridge University. The most fruitful of these have been in the areas of gamma-ray astronomy, by which one attempts to measure the level of radioactivity in the nova envelope, and of presolar grain studies in laboratories, by which one measures anomalous isotopic ratios that fingerprint condensation in the thermonuclear event. This work summarizes progress with these two astronomical measures of the novae.

Clayton, D. D.

2003-07-01

461

Larson Receives Geodesy Section Award  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the past 15 years, Kristine Larson has been at the forefront of research in the development and application of high-precision Global Positioning System (GPS) techniques to geophysical problems. Kristine received her bachelor's degree in engineering sciences from Harvard University [Cambridge, Mass.] in 1985. She subsequently entered the Ph.D. program in geophysics at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography [La Jolla, Calif.]. Working with Duncan Agnew, her dissertation was one of the first to evaluate GPS accuracy and use it for geophysical studies.

Axelrad, Penina; Larson, Kristine M.

2006-06-01

462

"Quantum Field Theory and QCD"  

SciTech Connect

This grant partially funded a meeting, "QFT & QCD: Past, Present and Future" held at Harvard University, Cambridge, MA on March 18-19, 2005. The participants ranged from senior scientists (including at least 9 Nobel Prize winners, and 1 Fields medalist) to graduate students and undergraduates. There were several hundred persons in attendance at each lecture. The lectures ranged from superlative reviews of past progress, lists of important, unsolved questions, to provocative hypotheses for future discovery. The project generated a great deal of interest on the internet, raising awareness and interest in the open questions of theoretical physics.

Jaffe, Arthur M.

2006-02-25

463

Chemical Calculations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains many chemistry applets created by Jonathan Goodman and his group at Cambridge University. An example of an applet available is the Molecular Weight Calculation; whereby entering in a molecular formula, users are able to discover the HRMS weight, the molecular weight, the element percents, and the Molecular Ion Isotope Pattern. Interactive graphs are also available to assist chemistry students with concepts such as boiling points, pressure, and Consecutive First Step Reversible Reactions. Educators and students will also find many three dimensional depictions of the molecules including fused rings, aromatic rings, and Fullerenes.

Goodman, Jonathan

464

Numerical assessment of efficiency and control stability of an HTS synchronous motor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A high temperature superconducting (HTS) permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) is designed and developed in Cambridge University. It is expected to become cost competitive with the conventional PMSM owing to its high efficiency, high power density, high torque density, etc. The structure and parameters of HTS PMSM are detailed. Both AC losses by transport current and applied filed in stator armature winding of HTS PMSM are also analyzed. Computed and simulated results of the characteristics of the HTS PMSM and conventional PMSM are compared. The improvement on stability of direct torque control (DTC) on the HTS PMSM is estimated, and proved by simulation on Matlab/Simulink.

Xian, Wei; Yuan, Weijia; Coombs, T. A.

2010-06-01

465

Making the case for inclusive design.  

PubMed

This paper describes the University of Cambridge, Engineering Design Centre's (EDC) case for inclusive design, based on 10 years of research, promotion and knowledge transfer. In summary, inclusive design applies an understanding of customer diversity to inform decisions throughout the development process, in order to better satisfy the needs of more people. Products that are more inclusive can reach a wider market, improve customer satisfaction and drive business success. The rapidly ageing population increases the importance of this approach. The case presented here has helped to convince BT, Nestlé and others to adopt an inclusive approach. PMID:23538129

Waller, Sam; Bradley, Mike; Hosking, Ian; Clarkson, P John

2013-03-26

466

Metadata For Digital Preservation: The Cedars Outline Specification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Cedars Project, a Higher Education initiative funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee, based at Oxford, Cambridge, and the University of Leeds, has posted online its "outline specification for metadata to ensure long-term preservation for digital materials." The 33-page .pdf document details the Project's approach to preserving data as part of the Cedars Demonstrator Project and serves "to contribute on a strategic level to the international collaborative development of a standard specification for digital preservation metadata." This draft version has been made available for public commentary; the final version is due out this summer.

467

Rotational Invariance of the 2d Spin - Spin Correlation Function  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the critical temperature in the 2d Ising model on the square lattice, we establish the rotational invariance of the spin-spin correlation function using the asymptotics of the spin-spin correlation function along special directions (McCoy and Wu in the two dimensional Ising model. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1973) and the finite difference Hirota equation for which the spin-spin correlation function is shown to satisfy (Perk in Phys Lett A 79:3-5, 1980; Perk in Proceedings of III international symposium on selected topics in statistical mechanics, Dubna, August 22-26, 1984, JINR, vol II, pp 138-151, 1985).

Pinson, Haru

2012-09-01

468

ZJ VISTA photometry in NGC253 stellar halo (Greggio+, 2014)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This catalogue lists position, magnitude and photometric error of stellar sources identified on the VISTA Z and J images of the NGC 253 spiral galaxy. The data were analyzed with the VISTA data flow system at the Cambridge University Astronomy Survey Unit, and photometry carried out with the imcore package, which provides a morphological classification for each detection. The catalogue presented here is referred to as Catalogue B in the paper, and includes sources classified as stellar or likely stellar in both filter (Type=1), plus sources classified as stellar on the J and extended on the Z tile (Type=4). The last column of the catalogue reports this classification. (1 data file).

Greggio, L.; Rejkuba, M.; Gonzales, O. A.; Arnaboldi, M.; Iodice, E.; Irwin, M.; Neeser, M. J.; Emerson, J.

2014-02-01

469

Dynamic Compaction Modeling of Porous Silica Powder  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A computational analysis of the dynamic compaction of porous silica is presented and compared with experimental measurements. The experiments were conducted at Cambridge University's one-dimensional flyer plate facility. The experiments shock loaded samples of silica dust of various initial porous densities up to a pressure of 2.25 GPa. The computational simulations utilized a linear Us-Up Hugoniot. The compaction events were modeled with CTH, a 3D Eulerian hydrocode developed at Sandia National Laboratory. Simulated pressures at two test locations are presented and compared with measurements.

Borg, John P.; Schwalbe, Larry; Cogar, John; Chapman, D. J.; Tsembelis, K.; Ward, Aaron; Lloyd, Andrew

2006-07-01

470

FRANK GOLDBY, F.R.C.P., M.A., M.D. (1903-1997)  

PubMed Central

Frank Goldby, Emeritus Professor of Anatomy in the University of London at St Mary's Hospital Medical School (now Imperial College School of Medicine at St Mary's) died at Cambridge on 20 October 1997, aged 94, fully compos mentis as those who knew him would have expected, and content enough to go when he had to, having reached the same age as his father. He became a member of the Anatomical Society of Great Britain and Ireland in 1931, served as Secretary from 1946 to 1956 and as President from 1957 to 1959. He is survived by his wife Helen and 6 children, to whom our deepest sympathy is extended.

BREATHNACH, A. S.

1998-01-01

471

Einsteins Traum. Expeditionen an die Grenzen der Raumzeit.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This book is a German translation, by H. Kober, of the English original "Black holes and baby universes and other essays" published in 1993. It is a collection of articles written by the author between 1976 and 1992. Contents: 1. Kindheit. 2. Oxford und Cambridge. 3. Meine Erfahrung mit ALS. 4. Öffentliche Einstellungen zur Wissenschaft. 5. Eine kurze Geschichte der Kurzen Geschichte. 6. Mein Standpunkt. 7. Einsteins Traum. 8. Der Ursprung des Universums. 9. Die Quantenmechanik Schwarzer Löcher. 10. Schwarze Löcher und Baby-Universen. 11. Ist alles vorherbestimmt? 12. Die Zukunft des Universums. 13. Desert Island Discs, ein Interview.

Hawking, S. W.

472

Universities Scale Like Cities  

PubMed Central

Recent studies of urban scaling show that important socioeconomic city characteristics such as wealth and innovation capacity exhibit a nonlinear, particularly a power law scaling with population size. These nonlinear effects are common to all cities, with similar power law exponents. These findings mean that the larger the city, the more disproportionally they are places of wealth and innovation. Local properties of cities cause a deviation from the expected behavior as predicted by the power law scaling. In this paper we demonstrate that universities show a similar behavior as cities in the distribution of the ‘gross university income’ in terms of total number of citations over ‘size’ in terms of total number of publications. Moreover, the power law exponents for university scaling are comparable to those for urban scaling. We find that deviations from the expected behavior can indeed be explained by specific local properties of universities, particularly the field-specific composition of a university, and its quality in terms of field-normalized citation impact. By studying both the set of the 500 largest universities worldwide and a specific subset of these 500 universities -the top-100 European universities- we are also able to distinguish between properties of universities with as well as without selection of one specific local property, the quality of a university in terms of its average field-normalized citation impact. It also reveals an interesting observation concerning the working of a crucial property in networked systems, preferential attachment.

van Raan, Anthony F. J.

2013-01-01

473

Digital University Photographs: University of Dayton  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Dayton has a wonderful digital collection of photographs of the university. Visitors can search by "popular subject terms" which, perhaps not surprisingly, include the typical college terms of "football", "sports", and "athletes". However, there are also more unconventional terms available including "ghetto", which yields photos of the South Student Neighborhood, popularly known as the "Ghetto". Visitors to the collection will also find fraternity, sorority, and large imposing houses featured in the photographs of the "Ghetto". Visitors shouldn't miss browsing the many aerial views of campus and surrounding neighborhoods from the 1920s. Simply click on "campus", and enjoy the many views. Fans of the actor Tyrone Power should check out the picture of him with the University of Dayton football team in Hollywood in 1939 at Twentieth Century-Fox Studios. Visitors can also browse the collection or use the advanced search option.

474

Selling University Reform: The University of Melbourne and the Press  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the advent of the "Times Higher Education Supplement World University Rankings" and the "Academic Rankings of World Universities" by Shanghai Jiao Tong University, some Australian universities have become especially concerned with being ranked among the 100 leading universities. The University of Melbourne, Australia's second oldest…

Potts, Anthony

2012-01-01

475

Raisin Bread Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students examine the idea of inflation in the Universe using rising raisin bread dough as a model for universal expansion. Students will read the Cosmic Times 1993 edition and use two articles: Pancake or Oatmeal Universe - What's for Breakfast and Inflation in the Universe to help them make observations. The students will observe a bowl of oatmeal to explain the lumpiness and smoothness of the universe. Then the students will use raisin bread to describe how the universe went through a period of inflation to expand into its current form today. This lesson is part of the Cosmic Times teacher guide and is intended to be used in conjunction with the 1993 Cosmic Times Poster.

476

University contract research guidelines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concerns have been raised in the past few years over the increasing reliance of universities on contracts with outside agencies, public and private. These concerns have been the subject of meetings by the National Commission on Research, the Pajaro Dunes conference of university presidents and corporation executives, the Association of American Universities, and the Association of American University Professors, among others.The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) recently revised its “Policy #64: The University and Contract Research,” to address these issues in a way that “will help [university] administration and faculty act so that [their] relationship with government agencies or private industry will in no way violate the professional freedoms which have contributed so much to the status of American higher education.” The ACLU has followed the issue, it says, “because of our determination that contractual relationships proceed within a framework that protects fundamental academic freedoms.”

477

Enlistment Propensities of University Students.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Enlistment propensities of undergraduates were assessed through surveys conducted at Northwestern University, University of Arizona, University of California-Los Angeles, and University of Illinois-Chicago. The core finding was that there is a definite, a...

C. Moskos

2004-01-01

478

The expansive nondecelerative universe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is shown that, among the models of the universe described by Friedmann's (1922, 1924) equations of universe dynamics, the only model which does not contradict observations is the model of a flat expansive nondecelerative universe (ENU), derived by Skalsky and Sukenik (1991, 1992) and Skalsky (1991). This model fulfills the conditions which result from the special theory of relativity, the general theory of relativity, and the quantum mechanics, and unites them in a complementary manner.

Skalsky, Vladimir

1993-03-01

479

Welcome to the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A compliment to the Boston Museum of Science's exhibit, Welcome to the Universe is a "collection of web sites" aimed at teaching visitors about the Universe. Sites are organized into six categories: Patterns in the Sky, Size and Scale, Life Story of the Universe, Learning from Light, Additional Astronomy Resources, and Community Solar System. Each section provides a list of web sites and activities for hands-on learning.

480

The Internet University  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Internet University, provided by Cape Software, is an annotated listing of over 300 college and university distance learning courses available via the Internet. Course information is arranged by subject from Arts to Sociology. Information is provided about the institution offering the course, as well as tuition, fees, and contact information. A "Providers" section organizes information by college or university. A "Research" section provides links to mailing lists, FTP sites, Usenet newsgroups, and telnet and Web sites with information about "online college and university study resources." In the future Cape Software plans an "Internet High School," with online high school and equivalency providers, and an "Internet Pilgrim," with online spiritual resources.

481

Universally Composable Commitments  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a new security measure for commitment protocols, called Universally Composable (UC) Commitment. The measure guarantees that commitment protocols behave like an \\\\ideal commitment service,\\

Ran Canetti; Marc Fischlin

2001-01-01

482

Explore the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The new online exhibit, Explore the Universe, is provided by the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum. The site "presents the major discoveries that have given us our current scientific view of the universe, illustrates how the universe is taking shape and probes the mysteries that remain." The exhibit, which is especially interesting when viewed with necessary browsers and multimedia software, delves into the history of space exploration from Galileo and the earliest ideas about the universe to the digital technology of today. The visually stunning exhibit should be enjoyable to explore and offers people of all ages a great way to learn about the human need to know what lies beyond.

2007-12-03

483

The Chinese Television University.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of China's Beijing Broadcasting and Television University: background, establishment, administration and structure, students, courses, teaching package, and course production. (JD)

McCormick, R.

1980-01-01

484

Martin Dodson (1932-2010)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Martin Dodson, a pioneer of geochronology and thermochronology, died at age 78 on 27 June 2010. Martin read natural sciences at the University of Cambridge, United Kingdom. His main subject was physics, but significantly for his future career, he also studied geology. Following a period of research at Cambridge after graduation, Martin joined the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority as a scientific officer in 1956, working on the diffusion and flow of gases in porous solids. In 1958 he returned to the academic fold, becoming a research fellow in Oxford University's Department of Geology and Mineralogy, where he was a member of the recently established geochronology group. Geochronology was still essentially in its infancy as a discipline, and one of Martin's first tasks, in the absence of a suitable commercially available instrument, was to build a gas mass spectrometer. He completed his doctorate of philosophy degree in 1963. While at Oxford he read a paper about diffusively enriched argon-38 and spotted the potential of using this to determine argon-40 concentrations for potassium-argon dating. After a postdoctoral fellowship during 1963-1964 at the University of Alberta, in Canada, Martin returned to the United Kingdom upon his appointment to the University of Leeds in 1964 as lecturer in geochronology and isotope geology. He remained at Leeds until his retirement in September 1992.

Cliff, Bob; Wilson, Marge

2010-11-01

485

Astronomy in the College Curriculum for Preservice Elementary Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astronomy, astrophysics, and space science play a major role in courses being developed at Wheelock College. The majority of the students are preparing for careers as elementary and early childhood teachers; they will thus be among the first teachers of science a child meets. Wheelock's introductory course in astronomy is based around key topics in the new national science frameworks such as size and scale, our place in the Universe, and light and color. Astrophysics, an intermediate level course, provides a more quantitative survey for those with a background in physical science. An interdisciplinary sequence of two courses, "The Physical Universe" and "The Living World", introduces students to key concepts such as motion and energy. Applications are studied from all of the sciences, including crater formation and the conversion of light to chemical energy in photosynthesis. The interdisciplinary courses have been developed and taught by an astrophysicist, an ecologist, and an early childhood educator. This work has been done under the auspices of TEAMS-BC (Teacher Education Addressing Math and Science in Boston and Cambridge), a Collaborative for Excellence in Teacher Preparation involving Harvard University, MIT, the University of Massachusetts-Boston, Wheelock College, and the Boston and Cambridge Public School Systems.

French, L. M.; MacCormack, A.; Winokur, J.

1997-05-01

486

Key considerations for the success of Medical Education Research and Innovation units in Canada: unit director perceptions.  

PubMed

Growth in the field of medical education is evidenced by the proliferation of units dedicated to advancing Medical Education Research and Innovation (MERI). While a review of the literature discovered narrative accounts of MERI unit development, we found no systematic examinations of the dimensions of and structures that facilitate the success of these units. We conducted qualitative interviews with the directors of 12 MERI units across Canada. Data were analyzed using qualitative description (Sandelowski in Res Nurs Health 23:334-340, 2000). Final analysis drew on Bourdieu's (Outline of a theory of practice. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1977; Media, culture and society: a critical reader. Sage, London, 1986; Language and symbolic power. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1991) concepts of field, habitus, and capital, and more recent research investigating the field of MERI (Albert in Acad Med 79:948-954, 2004; Albert et al. in Adv Health Sci Educ 12:103-115, 2007). When asked about the metrics by which they define their success, directors cited: teaching, faculty mentoring, building collaborations, delivering conference presentations, winning grant funding, and disseminating publications. Analyzed using Bourdieu's concepts, these metrics are discussed as forms of capital that have been legitimized in the MERI field. All directors, with the exception of one, described success as being comprised of elements (capital) at both ends of the service-research spectrum (i.e., Albert's PP-PU structure). Our analysis highlights the forms of habitus (i.e., behaviors, attitudes, demeanors) directors use to negotiate, strategize and position the unit within their local context. These findings may assist institutions in developing a new-or reorganizing an existing-MERI unit. We posit that a better understanding of these complex social structures can help units become savvy participants in the MERI field. With such insight, units can improve their academic output and their status in the MERI context-locally, nationally, and internationally. PMID:24452441

Varpio, Lara; Bidlake, Erin; Humphrey-Murto, Sue; Sutherland, Stephanie; Hamstra, Stanley J

2014-08-01

487

CASP: Geological exploration and research  

SciTech Connect

The Cambridge Arctic Shelf Programme (CASP) is an independent, non-profit-making geological research organization based in the University of Cambridge. It originated in 1948 as Cambridge Spitsbergen Expeditions, and was incorporated as CASP in 1975. Initially, support came from companies with an interest in Svalbard and the Barents Shelf. Since then, CASP has greatly increased its scope, diversifying to new areas of research outside the Arctic and to new methods of data presentation. CASP now offers a unique programme of research, specialising in field- and literature-based studies of remote areas. Projects are currently being undertaken in the Arctic, Russia, China, East Greenland and Eastern Europe; all projects involve fieldwork and ail involve collaboration with research groups in other institutions. Most projects are oriented towards sedimentology, stratigraphy, tectonics, basin analysis and regional geology. CASP has a unique status: it shares elements in common with universities (undertaking long-term research programmes for eventual publication), consultancies (carrying out applied projects oriented towards hydrocarbon exploration and production) and national surveys (compiling and managing large datasets). Individual projects are funded by annual subscription from interested companies, with research material being supplied on a non-exclusive basis. Input and feedback from subscribers is welcomed, and an annual consortium meeting is organised for each project. As a non-profit-making Organization with low overheads, all additional income raised for a project is used to develop the research programme. CASP projects are supported by an outstanding library/information centre and linguistic expertise (Russian and Chinese), and these facilities are available to subscribing companies.

Macdonald, D.I.M.; Scott, R.A. [Cambridge Arctic Shelf Programme (United Kingdom)

1995-08-01

488

Birth of inflationary universes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A cosmological model is proposed in which the Universe is created by quantum tunneling from ''nothing'' into a de Sitter space. The tunneling is described by a de Sitter-- p Hawking--Moss instanton. After the tunneling, the model evolves along the lines of the inflationary scenario. It is argued that at any time there exist parts of the Universe which are

Alexander Vilenkin

1983-01-01

489

Astronomy and the Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With three levels to choose from on each page - beginner, intermediate or advanced - this site provides links to webpages that share information that relates to every element of the universe, like the cosmos, star dust, and planets. The information is shared in a clear and interesting way, with updated news and even universe maps.

2001-08-08

490

Arizona State University. Exemplars.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report discusses how the Arizona Board of Regents, which has governing authority over the state's three public universities, dealt with the inability of the universities to respond to new societal needs in a timely manner; a major impediment was felt to be tenure. After a series of meetings of administrators and faculty leaders, the Board…

Wegner, Gregory R.

491

The Enquiring University Teacher.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a guide to an approach to professional development in which one's own teaching is a field of inquiry. The book explores the nature of the university teacher's inquiry and the importance of questioning personal and intellectual values in university teaching. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction to the Enquiry"; (2) "The Relationship…

Rowland, Stephen

492

University Rankings in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the mid 1990s of last Century, university rankings have become very popular in China. Six institutions have published such rankings; some of them have also detailed their ranking methodologies. This paper features a general introduction to university ranking in China, and to the methodologies of each ranking discussed. The paper also…

Liu, Nian Cai; Liu, Li

2005-01-01

493

University Patent Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between university research and public need is discussed from both a historical and contemporary perspective. Examples are cited of European experiences in which there has been obvious industrial motivation for research performed by the universities. The author notes that there are no difficulties with the level of government…

Latker, Norman J.

494

Our Heirarchical Universe  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site discusses several hot topic questions in the astronomy world. For example, the expansion of the universe, dark matter, and how did giant superstructures form out of a smooth universe. There are many pictures and movie clips interspersed throughout the website.

Norman, Michael

2005-04-25

495

University HRD Programs. Symposium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This symposium is comprised of four papers on university human resource development (HRD) programs. "Passions for Excellence: HRD Graduate Programs at United States Universities" (K. Peter Kuchinke) presents an analysis of case studies that reveals convergent and divergent themes related to the genesis of programs and subsequent theoretical…

2002

496

The Universal Solvent.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes five exemplary digital resource centers at the University of Virginia used by K-12 learners as well as by university students and faculty. These modern archives contain vast resources of thousands of primary sources, data sets, multimedia files, and analytical tools, all of which are electronically accessible to K-12 schools and…

Bull, Glen; Bull, Gina; Dawson, Kara

1999-01-01

497

The Pennsylvania State University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Founded in 1855 as the Farmer's High School, the Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) began as a small college in Centre County providing agricultural education to young men from regional farm families. Penn State became a land-grant university in 1863 following passage of the Morrill Act. Today, Penn State enrolls more than 83,000 students…

Burlingame, Philip J.; Dowhower, Andrea L.

2009-01-01

498

The universal propagator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

For a general Hamiltonian appropriate to a single canonical degree of freedom, a universal propagator with the property that it correctly evolves the coherent-state Hilbert space representatives for an arbitrary fiducial vector is characterized and defined. The universal propagator is explicitly constructed for the harmonic oscillator, with a result that differs from the conventional propagators for this system.

Klauder, John R.

1993-01-01

499

University-industry interaction  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

It is posited that university industry interaction is highly desirable from the viewpoint of the long term economic development of the country as well as being desirable for the Space Grant Programs. The present and future possible interactions are reviewed for the three university levels namely, undergraduate, graduate, and faculty research.

Hastings, Daniel E.

1990-01-01

500

Understanding University Technology Transfer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal government agencies provide about $33 billion a year to universities to conduct scientific research. That continuing investment expands human knowledge and helps educate the next generation of science and technology leaders. New discoveries from university research also form the basis for many new products and processes that benefit the…

Association of American Universities, 2011

2011-01-01