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1

Identification and seasonal variation of atmospheric organic pollutants in Campos dos Goytacazes, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Organic aerosol samples collected during a 1 year study at three sites in the city of Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, were examined by gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Samples were acquired using a standard high-volume air sampler (Hi-Vol); extracts prepared and fractionated into aliphatic, aromatic and polar compounds. These compounds were quantified and their seasonal ambient concentration patterns discussed. High winter and low summer concentrations were observed for retene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and total suspended particulate matter (TSP), with a seasonal (winter) peak for all compounds studied. The higher concentrations observable from May to September may result from crop burning processes, which occur in the sugarcane plantations, mainly during this part of the year. The studied sites may be considered unpolluted as concentrations of benzo[a]pyrene and benzene were lower than the regulation lower limits. On the other hand, two sites were considered polluted by TSP determination.

de Almeida Azevedo, Débora; dos Santos, Celeste Yara Moreira; de Aquino Neto, Francisco Radler

2

EVALUATION OF PHYTOMASS PRODUCTIVITY AND N, P AND K ACCUMULATION OF SHRUB LEGUMES IN ALLEY CROPPING SYSTEM IN CAMPOS DOS GOYTACAZES (RJ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO ñ O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a produtividade de fitomassa da parte aØrea e o acœmulo de N, P e K nas leguminosas arbÛreas em sistemas agroflorestais de alØias, bem como verificar o efeito da adiÁªo de fÛsforo sobre as leguminosas. Foram realizados experimentos de campo com a utilizaÁªo de leguminosas, com e sem adiÁªo de P, por

Luciano Rodrigues Queiroz; Cunha Coelho; Deborah Guerra Barroso; Aparecida Vieira

2007-01-01

3

Prevalence of dyslipidemia and risk factors in Campos dos Goytacazes, in the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro  

Microsoft Academic Search

(P<0.001), male sex (P<0.001), low familial income (P<0.001), familial history (P<0.01), overweight\\/obesity (P<0.001), waist measure (P<0.001), high blood pressure (P<0.001), and diabetes mellitus (P<0.001). The following variables had no influence on dyslipidemias: ethnicity, edu- cational level, smoking habits, and sedentary lifestyle. Conclusion - The frequency of lipid changes in the population studied was high, suggesting that measures for the early

Luiz José de Souza; João Tadeu Damian Souto Filho; Thiago Ferreira de Souza; Aldo Franklin Ferreira Reis; Carlos Gicovate Neto; Diogo Assed Bastos; Vitor Azevedo Côrtes; Félix Elias Barros Chalita; Cláudio Luiz Teixeira

2003-01-01

4

Thermospheric Winds and Temperatures Observed by OI 6300 Angstrom Emission at Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil, during the Second Sundial Campaign.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Thermospheric neutral wind and temperature observations measuring OI 6300 angstroms Doppler shift and broadening by means of a Fabry-Perot interferometer were carried out at Sao Jose dos Campos (23.2 deg S, 45.9 deg W), Brazil, during the period September...

Y. Sahai H. Takahashi N. R. Teixeira R. G. Roble

1987-01-01

5

Ilha de Calor e Segregação Espacial: estudo de caso - sítios da Macrozona Sul do município de São José dos Campos\\/SP  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this work is to correlate the urban heat island effect with the residential buildings characteristics in three intra-urban areas, with different social-economic conditions, inside the south region of São José dos Campos city. For this purpose a hyperspectral image was employed. It was acquired in 2006 by the airborne Hyperspectral Scanner System (HSS), sensor operated by Brazilian

Livramento Andrade; Sandra Maria Fonseca Costa; Ruy Morgado de Castro; Romero da Costa Moreira

6

A SAÚDE DAS POPULAÇÕES DO CAMPO: DAS POLÍTICAS OFICIAIS ÀS CONTRIBUIÇÕES DO MOVIMENTO DOS T RABALHADORES R URAIS S EM T ERRA (MST) Rural health: official policies and the Brazil's Landless Workers Movement (MST) experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO Historicamente, as políticas de saúde para o campo no Brasil estiveram associadas aos interesses econômicos ligados à garantia de mão-de-obra sadia para a exploração dos recursos naturais. Esse artigo busca caracterizar as políticas oficiais de saúde para a população do campo, analisando o contexto histórico, princípios, objetivos, estratégias e resultados. A experiência do Movimento dos Trabalhadores Rurais Sem Terra

Fernando Ferreira Carneiro; Anamaria Testa Tambellini

7

Analysis of the Astronomical Concepts Presented by Teachers of Science, Physics, and Mathematics of São José dos Campos / SP Municipality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this work is to conduct a survey of alternative conceptions about the basic concepts of Astronomy from schoolteachers in the City of São José dos Campos. This study covers the the state-run education system and complies with legal documents related to the curriculum of educational systems, such as the Curriculum of São Paulo State and the Parameters of the National Curriculum (PCN). Alternative conceptions, mentioned in Langhi (2009) as very important, were used, because it is believed that if a student can learn these concepts before the methodological intervention, it is possible to prepare contextualized presentations for teachers, and consequently students, to compare what they already know with the new information they obtain in the sessions at the digital mobile planetarium (DMP) of the Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul. Afterwards, they may discuss in a forum, in the form of debate, seeking to draw conclusions relevant to the topic, and transmitting the same to students in Basic Education (EB). This is a case study with a quantitative survey and a qualitative analysis of data on astronomical concepts collected through two questionnaires, one before and one after the intervention, respecting the implementation period of the study,- here called methodological intervention of content presentations at the mobile planetarium - and on respective discussions.

Pereira Gonzaga, Edson; Voelzke, Marcos Rincon

2013-11-01

8

DOS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses using the DOS PATH command (for MS-DOS) to enable the microcomputer user to move from directory to directory on a hard drive. Lists the commands to be programed, gives examples, and explains the use of each. (MVL)

Traven, Bill

1988-01-01

9

APLICACIÓN DE DOS PRUEBAS ESTADÍSTICAS DE BONDAD DE AJUSTE EN MUESTRAS COMPLEJAS: UN CASO PRÁCTICO EN EL CAMPO FORESTAL APPLICATION OF TWO STATISTICAL GOODNESS-OF-FIT TESTS IN COMPLEX SAMPLES: A PRACTICAL CASE IN FOREST FIELD  

Microsoft Academic Search

En esta investigación se comparan dos pruebas de bondad de ajuste en términos de su error tipo I: ji-cuadrada de Pearson y Rao-Scott con corrección de segundo orden, aplicadas a datos recolectados mediante técnicas de muestreo que no cumplen los supuestos de independencia e igual probabilidad de inclusión de las observaciones, llamadas muestras complejas. Ambas pruebas se usaron para ajustar

María A. Quintero-Méndez; Mariano J. Durán-Núñez

2008-01-01

10

Highly Endemic, Waterborne Toxoplasmosis in North Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Campos dos Goytacazes, northern Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, reports of uveitis consistent with toxoplasmosis led to a survey of the prevalence and risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in 1997-1999. The survey population was selected randomly from schools, randomly chosen communities, and an army battalion. Serum samples from 1,436 persons were tested. With results adjusted for age, 84%

Lílian Maria Garcia Bahia-Oliveira; Jeffrey L. Jones; Juliana Azevedo-Silva; Cristiane C. F. Alves; Fernando Oréfice; David G. Addiss

2003-01-01

11

Aminotransferase changes and acute hepatitis in patients with dengue fever: analysis of 1,585 cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Type 3 dengue virus caused an extensive epidemic in the state of Rio de Janeiro in summer 2002. In some of the patients, it was found in an atypical form with increased aminotransferase levels and acute hepatitis. Material and Methods: An analysis was made of 1,585 serologically confirmed dengue cases at the Dengue Reference Center in Campos dos Goytacazes,

Luiz José de Souza; José Galvão Alves; Rita Maria Ribeiro Nogueira; Carlos Gicovate Neto; Diogo Assed Bastos; Edno Wallace da Silva Siqueira; João Tadeu Damian Souto Filho; Thiago de Abreu Cezário; Carlos Eduardo Soares; Rodrigo da Costa Carneiro

2004-01-01

12

DOS basics  

SciTech Connect

DOS is an acronym for Disk Operating System. It is actually a set of programs that allows you to control your personal computer. DOS offers the capabilities to create and manage files; organize and maintain information placed on disks; use application programs such as WordPerfect, Lotus 123, Excel, Windows, etc. In addition, DOS provides the basic utilities needed to copy files from one area to another, delete files and list files. The latest version of DOS also offers more advanced features that include hard disk compression and memory management. Basic DOS commands are discussed.

O`Connor, P.

1994-09-01

13

DOS basics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

DOS is an acronym for Disk Operating System. It is actually a set of programs that allows you to control your personal computer. DOS offers the capabilities to create and manage files; organize and maintain information placed on disks; use application pro...

P. O'Connor

1994-01-01

14

Campo de velocidade peculiar na teoria linear  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aglomerados e superaglomerados de galáxias são responsáveis pela chamada velocidade peculiar (movimentos relativos à expansão pura do universo) das galáxias. A amplitude destas perturbações depende da densidade de matéria do universo e do contraste de densidade no interior do volume onde está localizada a galáxia. Em 1980, Peebles introduziu o fator "f", que relaciona a amplitude das perturbações da velocidade com o campo gravitacional peculiar, no contexto da teoria linear. No presente trabalho obtemos uma solução geral analítica para o fator "f" de Peebles do campo de velocidades peculiares, em termos de funções hipergeométricas, válida para qualquer geometria do universo. Como um teste de nossa solução, os resultados encontrados originalmente por Peebles em 1980 e os resultados mais gerais encontrados por O. Lahav e colaboradores em 1991, são reobtidos.

Pires, N.

2003-08-01

15

76 FR 6153 - Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Campo Regional Landfill Project on...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Statement for the Proposed Campo Regional Landfill Project on the Campo Indian Reservation...allow for the proposed Campo Regional Landfill Project (Proposed Action) to be located...California, to develop the Campo Regional Landfill Project (Proposed Action). There...

2011-02-03

16

75 FR 8986 - Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Campo Regional Landfill...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Statement for the Proposed Campo Regional Landfill Project on the Campo Indian Reservation...sublease for the proposed Campo Regional Landfill Project (proposed action) on the Campo...disposal facility would consist of a landfill waste disposal area, a well field...

2010-02-26

17

"Ask Argonne" - Edwin Campos, Research Meteorologist, Part 2  

ScienceCinema

Argonne's Edwin Campos has for the last two decades studied weather, and in particular, clouds. His research can help make solar power a more viable option for the U.S. and the world. In this video, Dr. Campos answers questions that were submitted by the public in response to his introductory video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfdoHz.... We will be posting a new "Ask Argonne" video every other month, on various topics. Keep an eye out for your next opportunity to submit a question and see if it gets answered - and if you get a shout-out on camera.

18

"Ask Argonne" - Edwin Campos, Research Meteorologist, Part 2  

SciTech Connect

Argonne's Edwin Campos has for the last two decades studied weather, and in particular, clouds. His research can help make solar power a more viable option for the U.S. and the world. In this video, Dr. Campos answers questions that were submitted by the public in response to his introductory video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfdoHz.... We will be posting a new "Ask Argonne" video every other month, on various topics. Keep an eye out for your next opportunity to submit a question and see if it gets answered - and if you get a shout-out on camera.

Edwin Campos

2013-05-23

19

"Ask Argonne" - Edwin Campos, Research Meteorologist, Part 2  

ScienceCinema

Argonne's Edwin Campos has for the last two decades studied weather, and in particular, clouds. His research can help make solar power a more viable option for the U.S. and the world. In this video, Dr. Campos answers questions that were submitted by the public in response to his introductory video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfdoHz.... We will be posting a new "Ask Argonne" video every other month, on various topics. Keep an eye out for your next opportunity to submit a question and see if it gets answered - and if you get a shout-out on camera.

Edwin Campos

2013-06-10

20

Cosmogenic Radionuclides in the Campo Del Cielo Iron Meteorite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cosmogenic Be-10, Al-26, Cl-36, Ca-41, and Ni-59 were measured in the Campo del Cielo iron meteorite. Our results led us to conclude that the pre-atmospheric radius might have been approximately 2 m. Comparisons with other big bodies are also presented. Additional information is contained in the original extended abstract.

Liberman, R. G.; FernandezNiello, J. O.; Reedy, R. C.; Fifield, L. K.; diTada, M. L.

2001-01-01

21

[Life and work at the petroleum industry in Campos Basin].  

PubMed

In this paper we detach the subject of confinement as a central axle in the activity at maritime oil platforms of Campos Basin, in north region of the Rio de Janeiro state. This work reality that determines for offshore workers, as they are known, a rupture between two different moments in there lives: the period of fourteen days in the sea and the life in land per twenty one days. We adopt as material empiricist, the research carried out on this universe, detaching here the way as these professionals understand the conditions of confined work in which they are submitted. PMID:20069186

Leite, Rose Mery dos Santos Costa

2009-01-01

22

The Campo Imperatore Near Earth Object Survey (CINEOS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Campo Imperatore Near Earth Object Survey (CINEOS) is an Italian survey dedicated to the search and follow-up of Near Earth Objects (NEOs). It is operated with the 90 cm f/3 Schmidt telescope at the Campo Imperatore of the Rome Astronomical Observatory (INAF-OAR) as a joint project with the Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale and Fisica Cosmica (INAF-IASF) in Rome. Since the end of 2001 CINEOS has covered about 4,250 sq. deg to 20th magnitude in the course of about 160 nights. This effort led to the discovery of 7 Near Earth Asteroids (NEAs), 1 comet (167P/CINEOS; a member of the Centaur group) and a few other unusual objects including 2004 XH50 with a unique comet-like orbit. CINEOS has also contributed almost 2,200 preliminary designations and over 30,000 detections to the Minor Planet Center. About 20% of the survey effort was carried out at low solar elongations (LSE), although no object with an orbit interior (Inner Earth Objects, IEO class) or nearly interior to the Earth (Aten class) was found. The work at LSE was, however, very important to test survey strategies implemented with larger telescopes. We also provide the results of a CINEOS simulation on a reliable NEO population model based on the results of two larger scale surveys, Spacewatch and LINEAR.

Boattini, Andrea; D'Abramo, Germano; Valsecchi, Giovanni B.; Carusi, Andrea; di Paola, Andrea; Bernardi, Fabrizio; Jedicke, Robert; Harris, Alan W.; Dotto, Elisabetta; de Luise, Fiore; Perna, Davide; Leoni, Riccardo

2007-06-01

23

Estagio atual de conhecimento da geoquimica organica das bacias de Campos e Espirito Santo. (Actual stage of organic geochemical knowledge from Campos and Espirito Santo basins, Brazil).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Campos and Espirito Santo basins display several similar geochemical aspects. The microbial and other degradation processes caused changes in the composition of the oils in the reservoir rocks. The oils are biodegraded in different degrees, with the reser...

P. C. Gaglianone L. A. F. Trindade

1987-01-01

24

Late Quaternary vegetation, climate and fire history of the Araucaria forest and campos region from Serra Campos Gerais, ParanáState (South Brazil)  

Microsoft Academic Search

New palynological and charcoal data from a bog (24°40?S, 50°13?W, 1200 m asl) of Serra Campos Gerais, northeastern ParanáState, allow a complete and detailed reconstruction of the late Quaternary vegetation and climate history of the South Brazilian highlands. The late-glacial period, which starts at 12,50014C yr BP, indicates the predominance of a diverse grassland vegetation (campos) with scattered stands of

Hermann Behling

1997-01-01

25

ÁREAS VERDES E PERCEPÇÃO AMBIENTAL NA CIDADE DE CAMPOS GERAIS (MG)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work aims to present the green areas map and preliminaries results of the socioeconomic diagnosis and of environmental perception accomplished in Campos Gerais city, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The planning and the research of green areas and the application of socioeconomic and environmental questionnaire are of highest importance for the city's maintainable development. Campos Gerais is not so much geographically

Rafael Vilela Pereira; Marta Felícia Marujo Ferreira

26

"Ask Argonne" - Edwin Campos, Research Meteorologist, Part 1  

ScienceCinema

Dr. Edwin Campos is a Research Meteorologist at Argonne National Laboratory. For the last two decades, he has studied weather, and in particular, clouds. Clouds are one of the most uncertain variables in climate predictions and are often related to transportation hazards. Clouds can also impact world-class sporting events like the Olympics. You may have questions about the role of clouds, or weather, on our daily lives. How is severe weather monitored for airports? What is the impact of clouds and wind on the generation of electricity? One of the projects Edwin is working on is short-term forecasting as it relates to solar electricity. For this, Edwin's team is partnering with industry and academia to study new ways of forecasting clouds, delivering technologies that will allow the incorporation of more solar power into the electric grid. Post a question for Edwin as a comment below, and it might get answered in the follow-up video we'll post in the next few weeks.

27

"Ask Argonne" - Edwin Campos, Research Meteorologist, Part 1  

SciTech Connect

Dr. Edwin Campos is a Research Meteorologist at Argonne National Laboratory. For the last two decades, he has studied weather, and in particular, clouds. Clouds are one of the most uncertain variables in climate predictions and are often related to transportation hazards. Clouds can also impact world-class sporting events like the Olympics. You may have questions about the role of clouds, or weather, on our daily lives. How is severe weather monitored for airports? What is the impact of clouds and wind on the generation of electricity? One of the projects Edwin is working on is short-term forecasting as it relates to solar electricity. For this, Edwin's team is partnering with industry and academia to study new ways of forecasting clouds, delivering technologies that will allow the incorporation of more solar power into the electric grid. Post a question for Edwin as a comment below, and it might get answered in the follow-up video we'll post in the next few weeks.

Edwin Campos

2013-05-08

28

Subsidence history and tectonic evolution of Campos basin, offshore Brazil  

SciTech Connect

The tectonic component of subsidence in the Campos basin reflects different stages of crustal reequilibration subsequent to the stretching that preceded the breakup of Pangea. Concomitant with rifting in the South Atlantic, Neocomian lacustrine rocks, with associated widespread mafic volcanism, were deposited on a vary rapidly subsiding crust. The proto-oceanic stage (Aptian) is marked by a sequence of evaporitic rocks whose originally greater sedimentary thickness is indicated by residual evaporitic layers with abundant salt flow features. An open marine environment begins with thick Albian/Cenomanian limestones that grade upward and basinward into shales. This section, with halokinetic features and listric detached faulting sloping out on salt, is characterized by an increased sedimentation rate. The marine Upper Cretaceous to Recent clastic section, associated with the more quiescent phase of thermal subsidence, is characterized by drastic changes in sedimentation rate. Stratigraphic modeling of the sedimentary facies suggests a flexurally controlled loading mechanism (regional compensation) with a temporally and spatially variable rigidity. Locally, the subsidence in the rift-phase fault-bounded blocks shows no correspondence with the overall thermal subsidence, implying that the crust was not effectively thinned by simple, vertically balanced stretching. Deep reflection seismic sections show a general correspondence between sedimentary isopachs and Moho topography, which broadly compensates for the observed subsidence. However, even the Moho is locally affected by crustal-scale master faults that apparently are also controlling the movement mechanisms during the rift-phase faulting.

Mohriak, W.U.; Karner, G.D.; Dewey, J.F.

1987-05-01

29

"Ask Argonne" - Edwin Campos, Research Meteorologist, Part 1  

ScienceCinema

Dr. Edwin Campos is a Research Meteorologist at Argonne National Laboratory. For the last two decades, he has studied weather, and in particular, clouds. Clouds are one of the most uncertain variables in climate predictions and are often related to transportation hazards. Clouds can also impact world-class sporting events like the Olympics. You may have questions about the role of clouds, or weather, on our daily lives. How is severe weather monitored for airports? What is the impact of clouds and wind on the generation of electricity? One of the projects Edwin is working on is short-term forecasting as it relates to solar electricity. For this, Edwin's team is partnering with industry and academia to study new ways of forecasting clouds, delivering technologies that will allow the incorporation of more solar power into the electric grid. Post a question for Edwin as a comment below, and it might get answered in the follow-up video we'll post in the next few weeks.

Edwin Campos

2013-06-10

30

78 FR 34373 - Campo Verde Solar, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market-Based Rate Filing Includes...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Regulatory Commission [Docket No. ER13-1541-000] Campo Verde Solar, LLC; Supplemental Notice That Initial Market- Based...supplemental notice in the above-referenced proceeding of Campo Verde Solar, LLC's application for market-based rate...

2013-06-07

31

Energy and Mass Balance At Gran Campo Nevado, Patagonia, Chile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Gran Campo Nevado (GCN) Ice Cap on Peninsula Muñoz Gamero, Chile, is lo- cated in the southernmost part of the Patagonian Andes at 53S. It comprises an ice cap and numerous outlet glaciers which mostly end in proglacial lakes at sea level. The total ice covered area sums up to approximately 250 km2. GCN forms the only major ice body between the Southern Patagonian Icefield and the Street of Magallan. Its almost unique location in the zone of the all-year westerlies makes it a region of key interest in terms of glacier and climate change studies of the westwind zone of the Southern Hemisphere. Mean annual temperature of approximately +5C at sea level and high precipitation of about 8.000 mm per year lead to an extreme turn-over of ice mass from the accumulation area of the GCN Ice Cap to the ablation areas of the outlet glaciers. Since October 1999 an automated weather station (AWS) is run continuously in the area at Bahia Bahamondes for monitoring climate parameters. From February to April 2000 an additional AWS was operated on Glaciar Lengua a small outlet glacier of GCN to the north-west. Ablation has been measured at stakes during the same pe- riod. The aim of this study, was to obtain point energy and mass balance on Glaciar Lengua. The work was conducted as part of the international and interdisciplinary working group SGran Campo NevadoT and supported by the German Research Foun- & cedil;dation (DFG). Energy balance was calculated using the bulk approach formulas and calibrated to the measured ablation. It turns out, that sensible heat transfer is the major contribution to the energy balance. Since high cloud cover rates prevail, air tempera- ture is the key factor for the energy balance of the glacier. Despite high rain fall rates, energy input from rain fall is of only minor importance to the overall energy balance. From the energy balance computed, it was possible to derive summer-time degree-day factors for Glaciar Lengua. With data from the nearby AWS at Bahia Bahamondes we computed summer ablation for the summer seasons of 1999/2000 and 2000/2001. Ablation at 45o m a.s.l. sums up to about 7 m in 1999/2000 and to 5.5 m in 2000/2001. This is in excellent accordance (+/-2%) with measurements at ablation stakes that have been drilled into the glacier on its ablation area. Surface velocity measured from the displacement of the ablation stakes is estimated to 62 m per year. A RADAR survey with ice penetrating RADAR conducted on the ablation area of Glaciar Lengua during the austral summer 2000/2001 reveals glacier depths between 120 m and 200 m ap- 1 proximately. The data sampled will allow to set up a model for mass flow and ablation at a cross-section of Glaciar Lengua at 450 m a.s.l. Glaciar Lengua has no accumu- lation area itself but obtains all of its ice mass through icefall from the heights of the GCN Ice Cap. Therefore, this model will be of fundamental importance to understand the glacial regime of the entire ice cap. 2

Schneider, C.; Kilian, R.; Casassa, G.

32

The DosS-DosT/DosR Mycobacterial Sensor System  

PubMed Central

DosS/DosR is a two-component regulatory system in which DosS, a heme-containing sensor also known as DevS, under certain conditions undergoes autophosphorylation and then transfers the phosphate to DosR, a DNA-binding protein that controls the entry of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other mycobacteria into a latent, dormant state. DosT, a second sensor closely related to DosS, is present in M. tuberculosis and participates in the control of the dormancy response mediated by DosR. The binding of phosphorylated DosR to DNA initiates the expression of approximately fifty dormancy-linked genes. DosT is accepted to be a gas sensor that is activated in the ferrous state by the absence of an oxygen ligand or by the binding of NO or CO. DosS functions in a similar fashion as a gas sensor, but contradictory evidence has led to the suggestion that it also functions as a redox state sensor. This review focuses on the structure, biophysical properties, and function of the DosS/DosT heme sensors.

Sivaramakrishnan, Santhosh; de Montellano, Paul R. Ortiz

2014-01-01

33

Avaliação clínica dos atletas paraolímpicos  

Microsoft Academic Search

O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar de modo amplo o comportamento de variáveis importantes para a saúde pre- ventiva e o desempenho dos atletas paraolímpicos. Os pa- ratletas foram avaliados clinicamente (aplicação de ques- tionário, história clínica, exame físico) e com exames laboratoriais, raio x simples de tórax e controle de doping. A equipe brasileira que participou dos Jogos Paraolímpi-

Roberto Vital; Marcelo Bichels Leitão; Marco Túlio de Mello; Sergio Tufik

2002-01-01

34

Glacial changes and glacier mass balance at Gran Campo Nevado, Chile during recent decades  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of the program Global Land Ice Measurements from Space (GLIMS) a glacier inventory of the Peninsula Muñoz Gamero in the southernmost Andes of Chile (53°S) has been generated using aerial photopgrahy and Landsat Thematic Mapper imagery. The Peninsula is partly covered by the ice cap of the Gran Campo Nevado (GCN), including several outlet glaciers plus some

C. Schneider; M. Schnirch; R. Kilian; C. Acuña; G. Casassa

2003-01-01

35

Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Meteorological and Air Pollution Data in the ‘Campo De Gibraltar’ Region, Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

A complete statistical analysis of meteorological and air pollution data was carried out in the ‘Campo de Gibraltar’ region (in the South of Spain) from 1999 to 2002. This is a heavy industrialized area where, up to date, very few air pollution studies have been made. The main objectives of the study presented here have been the characterization of the

Francisco Javier González Gallero; Manuel Galán Vallejo; Arturo Umbría; Juan Gervilla Baena

2006-01-01

36

Hydrology, morphology and sedimentology of the Campos continental margin, offshore Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Slope sand deposits have accumulated from at least the Neogene to the Present on the southeastern Brazilian continental margin (Campos Basin area). This region shows sand accumulations concentrated on the upper portion and on the base of the continental slope with a middle to lower slope bypass zone. A synthesis of preliminary results, supported by recent cores, high-resolution geophysical surveys,

A. R. Viana; J. C. Faugeres; R. O. Kowsmann; J. A. M. Lima; L. F. G. Caddah; J. G. Rizzo

1998-01-01

37

Preliminary statistical studies concerning the Campos RJ sugar cane area, using LANDSAT imagery and aerial photographs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The two phase sampling technique was applied to estimate the area cultivated with sugar cane in an approximately 984 sq km pilot region of Campos. Correlation between existing aerial photography and LANDSAT data was used. The two phase sampling technique corresponded to 99.6% of the results obtained by aerial photography, taken as ground truth. This estimate has a standard deviation of 225 ha, which constitutes a coefficient of variation of 0.6%.

Parada, N. D. J. (principal investigator); Costa, S. R. X.; Paiao, L. B. F.; Mendonca, F. J.; Shimabukuro, Y. E.; Duarte, V.

1983-01-01

38

Chimpanzees' choices of prey between two sympatric species of Macrotermes in the Campo Animal Reserve, Cameroon  

Microsoft Academic Search

Details are presented relating to chimpanzees' choices between two sympatric species of termites,Macrotermes lillijeborgi andM. vitrialatus, as food in the Campo Animal Reserve, southwest Cameroon, West Africa. An attempt was made to determine the various factors\\u000a that affected such choices. The two species of termites seemed to have almost the same value in terms of ecological factors.\\u000a However, chimpanzees fed

Y. Muroyama

1991-01-01

39

Infrared inspection applied to offshore platforms: Petrobras experience at Campos Basin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bacia de Campos (Rio de Janeiro - Brazil) is one of the biggest offshore petroleum fields in the world today. In June 2001, Bacia de Campos, having more than 490 oil wells, 34 offshore platforms and 7 modified ships in operation, reached 1,3 million barrels/day. If compared to OPEP countries only nine of them got an average production higher than 1 million barrels/day in 2000, which means it can be placed on the 10th position in the rank of oil producers. In this context this work aims not only to show the results achieved within the introduction of thermographic inspections in offshore oil production (platforms and ships), but also the financial results (ROI - Return of Investment) considering the use of this particular technique. Bacia de Campos got a ROI around 7 million dollars in the last 4 years, which means a hundred times higher than the total cost of thermographic services in the same period. As far as we know this is one of the best results already reported in the world. We also present the methodology applied to analyze thermal anomalies in electrical components and data management software, including advanced Digital Reports sent via Internet.

Verdini, Edson A.; Veratti, Attilio B.

2002-03-01

40

Different roles of DosS and DosT in the hypoxic adaptation of Mycobacteria.  

PubMed

The DosS (DevS) and DosT histidine kinases form a two-component system together with the DosR (DevR) response regulator in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. DosS and DosT, which have high sequence similarity to each other over the length of their amino acid sequences, contain two GAF domains (GAF-A and GAF-B) in their N-terminal sensory domains. Complementation tests in conjunction with phylogenetic analysis showed that DevS of Mycobacterium smegmatis is more closely related to DosT than DosS. We also demonstrated in vivo that DosS and DosT of M. tuberculosis play a differential role in hypoxic adaptation. DosT responds to a decrease in oxygen tension more sensitively and strongly than DosS, which might be attributable to their different autooxidation rates. The different responsiveness of DosS and DosT to hypoxia is due to the difference in their GAF-A domains accommodating the hemes. Multiple alignment analysis of the GAF-A domains of mycobacterial DosS (DosT) homologs and subsequent site-directed mutagenesis revealed that just one substitution of E87, D90, H97, L118, or T169 of DosS with the corresponding residue of DosT is sufficient to convert DosS to DosT with regard to the responsiveness to changes in oxygen tension. PMID:20675480

Kim, Min-Ju; Park, Kwang-Jin; Ko, In-Jeong; Kim, Young Min; Oh, Jeong-Il

2010-10-01

41

[Prevalence of anodontia in 2nd level students in Sao Jose dos Campos-correlation between third molar anomalies and other teeth].  

PubMed

The authors studied 201 school children form both sexes, aging 12 to 14 years, in order to identify anodontia, including in third molars. The results indicated a congenital absence of teeth in 24.37% of the examined children, distributed into 10.44% of boys and 13.93% of girls. Anodontia was observed concerning third molar teeth and other teeth, and the correlation was calculated by the total, sex, and hemiarch. The data were presented and discussed, and the results included several conclusions. PMID:2099557

de Melo Castilho, J C; Nicodemo, R A; Bazzarella, C B; de Moraes, L C

1990-01-01

42

Petroleum geology of Campos Basin, Brazil: A successful case history of deep water exploration  

SciTech Connect

Campos Basin, the most prolific Brazilian basin, produces almost 400,000 bbl of oil per day and contains 70% of the national reserves. The basin is located on the southeastern coast of Brazil, covering a prospectable area of 100,000 km{sup 2} Campos is a passive continental margin basin originated by the breakup of Pangea and the rifting of the South American and African plates in the Early Cretaceous. The basin's sedimentary section encompasses three megasequences: nonmarine, transitional, and marine, ranging in age from Neocomian to Holocene. Hydrocarbon generation is related to nonmarine organic-rich shales and marls, and hydrocarbon entrapment assumes ascendent migration along fault planes and through salt gaps toward reservoirs ranging in age from Neocomian to Tertiary (mainly turbiditic sandstones). The first onshore stratigraphic well was drilled based on gravity surveys in 1958. The acquisition of new geophysical data, mainly seismic reflection data, followed after 1968. The first offshore well was drilled in 1971, and in 1974, the first oil field, Garopua, was discovered. Giant hydrocarbon accumulations have been discovered in water depths ranging from 400 to 1,800 m since 1984. As of mid-1989, 35 offshore oil fields have been discovered, 760 million bbl of oil, and 490 bcf of gas have been produced. The basin oil and equivalent gas reserves are estimated in 6.0 billion bbl, 60% of which is located in the deep-water giant oil fields.

Franke, M.R.; Lugon, H.A.F.; Beraldo, W.L. (Petrobras, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil))

1990-05-01

43

Petroleum exploration plays of the onshore Douala/Kribi Campo of Cameroon, West Africa  

SciTech Connect

Generally, rifting and drifting phases characterize the Douala/Kribi Campo Formation. The rifting phase resulted from a progressive northward plate tectonic evolution, which extended from Late Jurassic to Neocomian-Turonian time, involving both an extensional process and strike-slip movements along fracture zones. The drifting phase was established during the Albian period, with the first marine incursion in the basin. During this phase, sedimentation was controlled by such factors as sea level variations, drainage systems and climate. Consequently, the onshore sector of the Douala/Kribi-Campo Basin can be subdivided into two major areas with different petroleum exploration plays. The southern area in which the rifting phase has thick Albo-Aptian sediments of terrigenous and clastics nature. These were deposited in coalescing fan deltas, locations of which were controlled by collapsed and tilted blocks. Trangressive deposits of the drifting phase overlie the erosional surface. In the northern area, the rifting phase consists of a system of horsts and grabens of Aptian time. The drifting phase consists of shelf sandstones and Upper Cretaceous turbiditic deposits.

Seme Abomo, R. [Societe Nationale des Hydrocarbures (Cameroon)

1996-08-01

44

Unique Roles of DosT and DosS in DosR Regulon Induction and Mycobacterium tuberculosis Dormancy ? †  

PubMed Central

In Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the sensor kinases DosT and DosS activate the transcriptional regulator DosR, resulting in the induction of the DosR regulon, which is important for anaerobic survival and perhaps latent infection. The individual and collective roles of these sensors have been postulated biochemically, but their roles in vivo have remained unclear. This work demonstrates distinct and additive roles for each sensor during anaerobic dormancy. Both sensors are necessary for wild-type levels of DosR regulon induction, and concomitantly, full induction of the regulon is required for wild-type anaerobic survival. In the anaerobic model, DosT plays an early role, responding to hypoxia. DosT then induces the regulon and with it DosS, which sustains and further induces the regulon. DosT then loses its functionality as oxygen becomes limited, and DosS alone maintains induction of the genes from that point forward. Thus, M. tuberculosis has evolved a system whereby it responds to hypoxic conditions in a stepwise fashion as it enters an anaerobic state.

Honaker, Ryan W.; Leistikow, Rachel L.; Bartek, Iona L.; Voskuil, Martin I.

2009-01-01

45

Unique roles of DosT and DosS in DosR regulon induction and Mycobacterium tuberculosis dormancy.  

PubMed

In Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the sensor kinases DosT and DosS activate the transcriptional regulator DosR, resulting in the induction of the DosR regulon, which is important for anaerobic survival and perhaps latent infection. The individual and collective roles of these sensors have been postulated biochemically, but their roles in vivo have remained unclear. This work demonstrates distinct and additive roles for each sensor during anaerobic dormancy. Both sensors are necessary for wild-type levels of DosR regulon induction, and concomitantly, full induction of the regulon is required for wild-type anaerobic survival. In the anaerobic model, DosT plays an early role, responding to hypoxia. DosT then induces the regulon and with it DosS, which sustains and further induces the regulon. DosT then loses its functionality as oxygen becomes limited, and DosS alone maintains induction of the genes from that point forward. Thus, M. tuberculosis has evolved a system whereby it responds to hypoxic conditions in a stepwise fashion as it enters an anaerobic state. PMID:19487478

Honaker, Ryan W; Leistikow, Rachel L; Bartek, Iona L; Voskuil, Martin I

2009-08-01

46

[Water fluoridation analysis of Campo Grande (MS) urban zone public supply].  

PubMed

The objective of this study was to analyze the fluoride concentration on the water that flows of the tap in the urban area of the city of Campo Grande (MS). For the fluoride concentration analysis, it was collected water samples of 21 schools placed in the 7 sub districts of the city, in 3 different opportunities, was made by the specific electrode method (using an Orion 9609 BN combined fluoride measuring electrode, coupled with an Orion EA-940 digital potentiometer). The results showed that 63.5% of the water samples presented acceptable fluoride levels (between 0.60 and 0.80 ppm) and 36.5%, unacceptable levels. In relation to the condition of the collect places, 76.2% were considered appropriate and 23.8% were inappropriate. PMID:19721966

Bellé, Bruno Luiz Lessa; de Lacerda, Valéria Rodrigues; De Carli, Alessandro Diogo; Azfalon, Edílson José; Pereira, Paulo Zárate

2009-01-01

47

Life cycle of Glyphepomis spinosa Campos & Grazia (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae): a new pest of rice in Brazil.  

PubMed

Nymph and adult biology of Glyphepomis spinosa Campos & Grazia (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) was studied on rice plants under laboratory and greenhouse conditions. The full life cycle of G. spinosa lasted 50.1 day. Nymph development ranged from 2.7 days for the first instar up to 11.9 days for the fifth instar. The egg stage showed the highest per capita rate of mortality (0.16). Nearly 13% of all eggs were laid on the same day. The sex ratio was 0.5. The average hatching rate was 58.0%. Pre-oviposition, oviposition, and post-oviposition periods took 12.9, 34.4, and 6.2 days, respectively. PMID:23949667

Alves, T M; Barrigossi, J A F; Quintela, E D

2012-12-01

48

Ostracodes from the Aptian-Santonian of the Santos, Campos and Espírito Santo basins, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Lower and Upper Cretaceous deposits from the Brazilian marginal basins present a rich and diversified fauna of ostracodes in continental, marine and mixohaline paleoenvironments. While the Cretaceous ostracodes from the northeastern region have already been the subject of many taxonomic and biostratigraphical studies, data from the southeastern basins are still scarce and restricted to the record of a few species. The present study represents a comprehensive contribution to the systematic knowledge of the Aptian-Santonian ostracodes from the Brazilian southeastern marginal basins. A total of 1045 cutting samples were analyzed from 10 wells drilled offshore in Santos, Campos and Espírito Santo basins. Thirty-eight ostracode taxa were recorded from different depositional environments, including the following six new species: Amphicytherura fragilis sp. nov., Brachycythere multidifferentis sp. nov., Fossocytheridea ballentae sp. nov., Fossocytheridea elegans sp. nov., Nigeroloxoconcha itanhaensis sp. nov. and Paracypris eniotmetos sp. nov.

Piovesan, Enelise Katia; Nicolaidis, Demétrio Dias; Fauth, Gerson; Viviers, Marta Claudia

2013-12-01

49

Radiogenic Xenon-129 in Silicate Inclusions in the Campo Del Cielo Iron Meteorite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Iron meteorites present a challenge for the I-Xe dating technique because it is usually the inclusions, not metal, that contain radiogenic xenon and iodine. Silicate inclusions are frequent in only types IAB and IIE, and earlier studies of irons have demonstrated that I-Xe system can survive intact in these inclusions preserving valuable age information. Our previous studies of the I-Xe record in pyroxene grains from Toluca iron suggested an intriguing relationship between apparent I-Xe ages and (Mg+Fe)/Fe ratios. The I-Xe system in K-feldspar inclusions from Colomera (IIE) had the fingerprint of slow cooling, with an indicated cooling rate of 2-4 C/Ma. Here we present studies of the iodine-xenon system in a silicate-graphite-metal (SiGrMet) inclusion of the IA Campo del Cielo iron meteorite from the collection of the Museum of Natural History in Vienna.

Meshik, A.; Kurat, G.; Pravdivtseva, O.; Hohenberg, C. M.

2004-01-01

50

78 FR 2423 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) for the Proposed Shu'luuk Wind Project on the Campo...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Statement (DEIS) for the Proposed Shu'luuk Wind Project on the Campo Indian Reservation...Agency (EPA) for the Proposed Shu'luuk Wind Project in San Diego County, California...and operation of the proposed Shu'luuk Wind Project. Subsequent to the approval...

2013-01-11

51

Carbon and Oxygen Stable Isotope Data as Paleoenvironmental Indicators for Limestones from the Campos, Santos and Espirito Santo Basins, Brazil.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Carbon and oxygen isotope data of limestones from Campos, Santos and Espirito Santo basins provided additional information on the sedimentation environments of these carbonates. The predominance of gamma sup 13 C values between + 1.0 per mille and - 10 pe...

T. Takaki R. Rodrigues

1984-01-01

52

How to Test DoS Defenses  

Microsoft Academic Search

DoS defense evaluation methods influence how well test results predict performance in real deployment. This paper surveys existing approaches and criticizes their simplicity and the lack of realism. We summarize our work on improving DoS evaluation via development of standardized benchmarks and performance metrics. We end with guidelines on efficiently improving DoS evaluation, in the short and in the long

Jelena Mirkovic; Sonia Fahmy; P. Reiher; R. K. Thomas

2009-01-01

53

ANALISI TEORICA DEL CAMPO DI SPOSTAMENTO PRODOTTO DA UN TERREMOTO SUL PROPRIO PIANO DI FAGLIA: EFFETTI SULLA GEOMETRIA E L'ORIENTAZIONE DELLA FAGLIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

L'approccio comunemente utilizzato per il calcolo teorico del campo di deformazione indotto da una sorgente sismica in un mezzo elastico è basato sull'equivalenza fra una dislocazione di taglio elementare e una doppia coppia di forze puntiformi. Il campo prodotto da una sorgente di dimensioni finite viene poi ottenuto tramite sovrapposizione lineare dei campi generati da una distribuzione di doppie coppie

S. Tinti; A. Armigliato; A. Manucci

54

Comparison of four meteorite penetration funnels in the Campo del Cielo crater field, Argentina  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More craters may be discovered in the future, but as it is currently known, the Campo del Cielo crater field is 18 km long by 4 km at its widest point. Such a distribution of craters suggests that the parent meteoroid entered and traversed the atmosphere at a very low angle relative to horizontal. The crater field contains at least 20 small craters produced by the larger fragments of the parent meteoroid. Four of these are explosion analog craters and the rest are penetration funnels. During four field seasons, we have constructed topographic and magnetic maps of four of the penetration funnels as found, and then dug trenches across them to learn their original structures and recover meteorites preserved within them. Structures of these penetration funnels indicate very low angles of impact, i.e., 9-16° relative to horizontal. This supports the idea that the parent meteoroid traversed the atmosphere at a low angle. Data given here for the four penetration funnels include projectile masses, lengths, widths, depths, and estimates of impact angles and azimuths. One of the penetration funnels described here (No. 6) can almost be classified as an explosion analog crater.

Vesconi, Mario A.; Wright, Shawn P.; Spagnuolo, Mauro; Jacob, Robert; Cerrutti, Carlos; Garcia, Luciana; Fernandez, Evangelina; Cassidy, William A.

2011-07-01

55

Environmentally associated ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) in Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.  

PubMed

Herein, we report tick species found on wild and domestic animals and in the environment during a one-year sampling period at the Brazilian Farming Research Company beef cattle unit (Embrapa Beef Cattle), which is located within the urban area of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. From 55 wild hosts including six different species (Nasua nasua, Cebus spp., Cerdocyon thous, Myrmecophaga tridactyla, Tamandua tetradactyla and Dasyprocta aguti), 323 ticks were collected. Amblyomma ovale ticks were found solely on coatis, and Amblyomma nodosum was identified solely on anteaters. No ticks were found on capuchin monkeys. However, Amblyomma cajennense was found on all parasitized host species with the exception of capuchin monkeys. Giant anteaters displayed the highest infestation abundance, with a mean of 53 ticks?animal. Environmental sampling yielded 166 adult A. cajennense ticks. The tick species found on domestic animals (Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus, R. sanguineus, Dermacentor nitens and A. cajennense) were those typically found on these hosts in Brazil. The most prevalent tick species, A. cajennense, was found on both wild and domestic animals and was also prevalent in the environment. Thus, this tick species is the primary vector that allows pathogens to bridge wild and domestic animals in the Cerrado. PMID:24252958

Garcia, Marcos Valério; Silva, Dayana Campelo da; Almeida, Robson Ferreira Cavalcante de; Cunha, Rodrigo Casquero; Matias, Jaqueline; Barros, Jacqueline Cavalcante; Andreotti, Renato; Szabó, Matias Pablo Juan

2013-01-01

56

Pollination of Cambessedesia wurdackii in Brazilian Campo Rupestre Vegetation, with Special Reference to Crepuscular Bees  

PubMed Central

Cambessedesia wurdackii Martins (Myrtales: Melastomataceae) is presumably endemic to the Chapada Diamantina, Bahia State, Brazil. A majority of the species of this family are pollinated by diurnal bees that buzz the floral anthers to collect pollen. The present work examined the interactions between C. wurdackii and visiting bees, focusing on temporal, morphological, and behavioral features, especially in regards to the crepuscular bees Megalopta sodalis (Vachal) (Hymenoptera: Halictidae) and Ptiloglossa off. dubia Moure (Hymenoptera: Colletidae). The study was undertaken in an area of campo rupestre montane savanna vegetation located in the Chapada Diamantina Mountains of Bahia State, Brazil, between August/2007 and July/2008. Flowering in C. wurdackii occurred from April through July, with a peak in May. A total of 592 visits by diurnal and crepuscular bees to the flowers of C. wurdackii were recorded, with a majority of the visits made by M. sodalis and P. dubia (92%) near sunrise and sunset. The anthers of C. wurdackii are arranged in two tiers, which favors cross pollination. The morphological, temporal and behavioral characteristics of M. sodalis and P. dubia indicated that they were potential pollinators of C. wurdackii, in spite of the fact that the colorful and showy flowers of this species are more typical of a diurnal melittophilous pollination syndrome.

Franco, Emanuella Lopes; Gimenes, Miriam

2011-01-01

57

[Work-related accidents on oil drilling platforms in the Campos Basin, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil].  

PubMed

The offshore oil industry is characterized by complex systems in relation to technology and organization of work. Working conditions are hazardous, resulting in accidents and even occasional full-scale catastrophes. This article is the result of a study on work-related accidents in the offshore platforms in the Campos Basin, Rio de Janeiro State. The primary objective was to provide technical back-up for both workers' representative organizations and public authorities. As a methodology, we attempt to go beyond the immediate causes of accidents and emphasize underlying causes related to organizational and managerial aspects. The sources were used in such a way as to permit classification in relation to the type of incident, technological system, operation, and immediate and underlying causes. The results show the aggravation of safety conditions and the immediate need for public authorities and the offshore oil industry in Brazil to change the methods used to investigate accidents in order to identify the main causes in the organizational and managerial structure of companies. PMID:11241934

Freitas, C M; Souza, C A; Machado, J M; Porto, M F

2001-01-01

58

A estabilidade dos PAHS em função da energia da radiação interestelar nas faixas UV e raios-X  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A nebulosa CRL 618, uma proto-nebulosa planetária cuja nuvem molecular espessa envolve uma estrela B0, contém uma grande quantidade de C2H2 e CH4. Estas moléculas são consideradas os tijolos da criação de grandes moléculas carbonadas como os Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos (PAHs). Esta nebulosa, por estar exposta a intensos campos de UV e Raios-X, é uma região de fotodissociação molecular que propicia a formação de novas moléculas, confirmada pela presença de C4H2 e C6H6 (Benzeno), que é a unidade básica dos PAHs. Atribui-se a esta família de moléculas orgânicas duas propriedades fundamentais, a resistência para sobreviver ao campo de radiação UV interestelar e a geração das bandas de emissão não identificadas (UIR) observadas no infravermelho. No entanto, alguns autores questionam a resistência dos PAHs ao campo de radiação UV interestelar. Empregando a técnica de Espectrometria de Massas por Tempo de Vôo, no modo de coincidência fotoelétron-fotoíon, estudamos a ionização e fragmentação das seguintes moléculas: Benzeno, Benzeno deuterado, Naftaleno, Antraceno e Fenantreno. Utilizamos uma fonte de Hélio monocromática em 21,21 eV (584,5 Å) e a radiação Síncroton do Laboratório Nacional de Luz Síncroton (LNLS) em diferentes energias nas proximidades da borda do C 1s ( 290 eV). Comprovamos a estabilidade dos PAHs sob ação de UV (21,21 eV), onde eles apresentam um baixo nível de fotodissociação, produzindo fragmentos ionizados com rendimento total na ordem de 5 por cento em relação ao íon molecular pai. Entretanto, em altas energias, na faixa de Raios-X, a quebra destas moléculas torna-se mais intensa, com a produção de muitos fragmentos. Como uma das rotas de fragmentação do Naftaleno é [(C10H8) = > (C6H6+) + (C4H2) + (e-)], e como temos as evidências observacionais da existência do C4H2 e C6H6 na nebulosa CRL 618, sugerimos que este ambiente também possui o Naftaleno.

Pinotti, R.; Costa, R. K.; Boechat-Roberty, H. M.; Lago, A.; Souza, G. B.

2003-08-01

59

A DOS Primer for Librarians: Part II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an introduction to DOS commands and strategies for the effective organization and use of hard disks. Functions discussed include the creation of directories and subdirectories, enhanced copying, the assignment of disk drives, and backing up the hard disk. (CLB)

Beecher, Henry

1990-01-01

60

Ground-water in the Teresina-Campo Maior area, Piaui, Brazil  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Teresina-Campo Maior area lies in a presently developing farming and grazing region near the margin of drought-prone northeast Brazil where irrigated farming offers the best potential for economic development. The area comprises 9,700 square kilometers largely of catinga-covered tabular uplands which are drained by the perennial Rio Parnatba. The climate is hot and humid most of the year but with distinct wet and dry seasons. Temperature extremes range from 20?C to 39?C and the annum rainfall averages 1,200 millimeters. The area's ground-water reservoir is contained chiefly in sandstone aquifers of six westward-dipping sedimentary rock formations, all part of the Maranhao sedimentary basin. The youngest of these formations, namely the Piaut (Pennsylvarian), Poti (Mississippian), Longa (Upper Devonian), and Cabecas (Middle Devoniar), contain the principal aquifers. Precipitation is the primary source of recharge to these aquifers and is more than sufficient to replenish current withdrawals from wells. Underlying the principal aquifers are the untapped Pimenteiras and Serra Grande Formations (both Lower Devonian) which in areas adjacent to the report area are moderately good to excellent water producers. These aquifers are recharged principally by lateral inflow from the east. Water also occurs in the alluvial deposits (Quaternary) underlying the flood plain of the Rio Parnatba but recurrent and uncontrolled flooding at present (1966) precludes their development. Of little economic importance, because they lie above the zone of saturation, are the thin erosional remnants of the Pastos Bons (Upper Triassic), Matuca, and Pedra de Fogo (both Permian) Formations. There are in the report area about 200 drilled wells most of which are pumped with power-driven engines. The wells range from 40 to 500 meters deep but most do not exceed 150 meters, and practically all are completed open hole. Yields range from 500 liters per day for 6-inch-diameter domestic wells to 240,000 liters per hour for 10-inch high-capacity municipal wells. Although there are many more dug wells than drilled wells, dug wells account for less than 1 percent of the current (1966) draft. The current annual withdrawal from the principal aquifers is approximately 5 million cubic meters of which almost half is used for municipal supply and the rest for rural household and irrigation uses. Additional water for public supply is available from aquifers now being pumped, and larger yields probably could be obtained from rural wells designed to take full advantage of the aquifer. Analyses of 28 samples show that the chemical quality of the water is well below the accepted limits of mineral concentration for most uses. Water from the Longa Formation averages 842 milligrams per liter in total dissolved solids and is more mineralized than that in the Piaul and Port Formations which contain water averaging less than 300 milligrams per liter. The water in the Piaui and Poti aquifers is the most suitable in the area for irrigation and has SAR values of C1-S1 and C2-S1. The quantities of water currently being used for irrigation are relatively small (600,000 cubic meters annually) but will increase substantially when intensive irrigation becomes a reality. Divisio de Hydrogeologia da Superintendancia do Desenvolvimento do Nordeste estimates that about 2,500 million cubic meters of water per year would be needed to irrigate about 250,000 hectares in the Teresina-Campo Maior area (about 25 percent of the total area). This goal, however, is not likely to be realized as the water requirement is five times the estimated natural recharge to the aquifers of the area. Most of the water-bearing formations in the report area have barely been tapped and can be developed a great deal more. In fact, the current annual withdrawal from the principal aquifers is less than 0.0025 percent of a conservative estimate of annual replenishment from rainfall. Additionally, only the

Rodis, Harry G.; Suszczynski, Edison F.

1972-01-01

61

A Influência da Escola e da Mídia na Obtenção dos Conhecimentos Astronômicos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

O universo em que vivemos possui segredos jamais imaginados pelo homem, fruto da pequena proporção que ocupamos diante de um cosmos infinito. A astronomia funciona como um instrumento que sacia a sede humana em desvendar esses segredos, estudando as galáxias, quasares, pulsares além da existência de todos os elementos que preenchem o espaço cósmico, o vácuo, não mais vazio como se pensou em outros tempos. A mídia explora esse campo de forma mística e também científica. A difusão adequada e dentro dos padrões educacionais vigentes, de conceitos astronômicos, se faz necessária, devido sua presença nos conteúdos escolares, centros de ciência e na mídia, de modo geral. A reforma do Currículo Básico da Escola Pública da maioria dos Estados brasileiros introduziu conceitos astronômicos desde a pré-escola até o Ensino Médio. Num estudo realizado com 1.032 alunos do Ensino Médio de seis escolas estaduais, revelou-se através da aplicação de um questionário que abordava conheciment os básicos em astronomia, como estes foram adquiridos e qual era a infra-estrutura oferecida pela escola: para 66,2% dos entrevistados o professor já fez alguma apresentação a respeito de astronomia. O presente estudo revelou também que 44,5% dos alunos entrevistados adquiriram seus conhecimentos astronômicos na escola, 28,1% através da televisão e 27,4% afirmaram que seus conhecimentos foram obtidos através de outros tipos de mídia (internet, filmes e revistas). Embora o estudo revele claramente que há certo equilíbrio na forma em que os alunos obtiveram seus conhecimentos astronômicos, a mídia ainda explora e muitas vezes desperta o interesse pela astronomia com assuntos que não fazem parte de nosso cotidiano como, por exemplo, o homem na Lua, os projetos espaciais e a primeira viagem de um astronauta brasileiro no espaço. Porém, em certos casos, a mídia pode promover conhecimentos incompletos ou mesmo equivocados sobre os conceitos que envolvam a astronomia, como por exemplo a propagação do som no vácuo observado na maioria dos filmes de f icção científica ou da existência das estações do ano em função da distância da Terra ao Sol, em conformidade com o questionário aplicado.

da Cunha, W. S.; Voelzke, M. R.; Amaral, L. H.

2006-08-01

62

Xenon spallation systematics in Angra DOS Reis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Literature Xe data for the Angra dos Reis meteorite have been resolved into constituent spallation, fission and trapped components. The spallation Xe compositions vary over a range wider than observed in any other samples, including lunar samples. These variations are due to the mixing of spallation Xe from Ba and rare earth element targets. It is possible to infer the Ba and rare earth spallation Xe compositions. Angra dos Reis spallation Xe compositions are systematically different from those observed in lunar samples, possibly because of differences in the irradiation conditions (geometry and shielding). Thus the Angra dos Reis data appear to be superior to lunar data for predicting spallation Xe compositions in other meteorites.

Hohenberg, C. M.; Hudson, B.; Kennedy, B. M.; Podosek, F. A.

1981-10-01

63

"DOS for Managers." Management Training Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A plan is provided for a lesson on disk operating systems (DOS) for managers. Twenty-five lesson objectives are listed, followed by suggestions for learning activities and special resources. In the presentation section, key points and content are provided for 25 instructional topics that correspond to the 25 lesson objectives. The topics are as…

Marion County Schools, Fairmont, WV.

64

DOS: the discrete-ordinates system. [LMFBR  

SciTech Connect

The Discrete Ordinates System determines the flux of neutrons or photons due either to fixed sources specified by the user or to sources generated by particle interaction with the problem materials. It also determines numerous secondary results which depend upon flux. Criticality searches can be performed. Numerous input, output, and file manipulation facilities are provided. The DOS driver program reads the problem specification from an input file and calls various program modules into execution as specified by the input file.

Rhoades, W. A.; Emmett, M. B.

1982-09-01

65

Continuous Mantle Exhumation at the Outer Continental Margin of the Santos, Campos and Espírito Santo Basins, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The interpretation of 12,000 km of very deep (PSTM to 16 sec., PSDM to 25 km) 2D seismic sections, coupled with gravimetric and magnetometric modeling line-by-line, and the integration of the results with the regional data bank of Petrobras, all together viewed in terms of the recent tectonic models developed for the rupturing and separation of mega-plates, led to a regional (500,000 km2), first-time ever, 3D-view of the deep structure underlying the prolific sedimentary basins of Santos, Campos and Espírito Santo in southeastern Brazil. The three basins are situated onto a continental margin that narrows gradually, from south to north, from a very wide (Santos), through an intermediate (Campos), and then to a narrow (Espírito Santo) passive margin. The seismic sections shows very well the dual rheological behavior of the continental crust, consisting of a deeper and plastic lower crust (with numerous short and strong reflections that display sub-horizontal ductile flow) and a shallower and brittle upper crust (represented by a mostly transparent and faulted seismic facies topped by the sedimentary sections of the rift and thermal subsidence phases). The crustal structure of the Santos Basin shows a zonation from west to east of alternating bands of NE-SW-trending thin (plastic basement terrains) and thick (resistant basement terrains) stretched continental crust. In vertical section this zonation is displayed as a series of necking zones, leading to a highly irregular, low to moderate crustal taper. Such zonation is less developed in the Campos Basin, where the crustal taper is moderate and regular, and practically non-existent in the Espírito Santo Basin, where the crustal taper is high. The most outstanding crustal feature shared in common by the three basins is the exhumation of mantle between the tip of the hyper-extended continental crust and the tabular-shaped oceanic crust. Although the crustal taper varies significantly from basin to basin their continental crust pinches out invariably on the flanks of exhumed mantle. This gives rise to a remarkable long (900 km along a N-S direction and 600 km in E-W direction), relatively narrow (15 to 70 km wide) and continuous belt of exhumed mantle that marks the passage from continental crust to oceanic crust in all three basins. The Santos, Campos and Espírito Santo Basins thus form a typical magma-poor passive margin. These are in sharp contrast with the adjacent basin to the south, the Pelotas Basin, that in turn is a typical volcanic passive margin displaying a long (1000 km in a N-S direction) and wide (100 to 220 km) belt of seaward-dipping reflectors at its outer margin and no exhumation of the mantle at the continent-ocean boundary.

Zalan, P. V.; Severino, M. G.; Rigoti, C. A.; Magnavita, L. P.; Oliveira, J. B.; Viana, A. R.

2011-12-01

66

Strains of the East Asian (W/Beijing) Lineage of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Are DosS/DosT-DosR Two-Component Regulatory System Natural Mutants? †  

PubMed Central

As part of our ongoing efforts to uncover the phenotypic consequences of genetic variability among clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates, we previously reported that isolates of the “East Asian” or “W/Beijing” lineage constitutively overexpress the coordinately regulated transcriptional program known as the DosR regulon under standard in vitro conditions. This phenotype distinguishes the W/Beijing lineage from all other M. tuberculosis lineages, which normally induce expression of this regulon only once exposed to low oxygen or nitric oxide, both of which result in inhibition of bacterial respiration and replication. Transcription of the DosR regulon is controlled through a two-component regulatory system comprising the transcription factor DosR and two possible cognate histidine sensor kinases, DosS and DosT. Through sequence analysis of a carefully selected set of isolates representing each of the major M. tuberculosis lineages, we describe herein a naturally occurring frameshift mutation in the gene encoding the DosT sensor kinase for isolates of the most recently evolved W/Beijing sublineages. Intriguingly, the occurrence of the frameshift mutation correlates precisely with the appearance of the constitutive DosR regulon phenotype displayed by the same “modern” W/Beijing strains. However, complementation studies have revealed that the mutation in dosT alone is not directly responsible for the constitutive DosR regulon phenotype. Our data serve to highlight the evolutionary pressure that exists among distinct M. tuberculosis lineages to maintain tight control over DosR regulon expression.

Fallow, Ashley; Domenech, Pilar; Reed, Michael B.

2010-01-01

67

Disk Operating System--DOS. Teacher Packet. Learning Activity Packets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Learning Activity Packets (LAPs) contained in this manual are designed to assist the beginning user in understanding DOS (Disk Operating System). LAPs will not work with any version below DOS Version 3.0 and do not address the enhanced features of versions 4.0 or higher. These elementary activities cover only the DOS commands necessary to…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Vocational and Technical Education, Stillwater. Curriculum and Instructional Materials Center.

68

The Dos Bocas dam in Puerto Rico.  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Dos Bocas dam in Puerto Rico was constructed in 1942 to generate hydroelectric power. Dams in this region prevent the migration of shrimp and fish to areas upstream of the dam. As a result, compared to similar reaches of undammed streams, areas that are upstream of dammed rivers have higher amounts of organic and inorganic nutrients as well as altered invertebrate populations. Loss of migratory shrimp and fish upstream from dams alters basal resources and assemblages of invertebrate competitors and prey. This photograph originally appeared on the cover of Ecological Applications (16:1) in February of 2006.

Klemow, Kenneth

2010-02-11

69

Extraction of Vanadium from Campo Alegre de Lourdes (BA, Brazil) Fe-Ti-V Ore by Partial Reduction/Magnetic Concentration/Salt Roasting/Hot Water Leaching.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A process under development at COPPE/UFRJ to rocover vanadium from a titaniferous magnetite type ore from Campo Alegre de Lourdes (Bahia, Brazil), throxgh magnetizing roasting/magnetic concentration/salt roasting/hot water leaching, is described. The resu...

E. M. Alcantara T. Ogasawara F. T. Silva E. F. Fontes

1988-01-01

70

Restoration in plan view of faulted Upper Cretaceous and Oligocene horizons and its bearing on the history of salt tectonics in the Campos Basin (Brazil)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Campos Basin (Atlantic margin of Brazil), Cretaceous and Tertiary sediments show abundant evidence for thin-skinned deformation, above a layer of Aptian salt. Near the coast, there is a domain of downslope extension; further offshore, a domain of donwslope contraction. Thus we attribute the domainal pattern to gravitational gliding on the salt layer. Gravitational gliding appears to be driven

D. Rouby; P. R. Cobbold; P. Szatmari; S. Demercian; D. Coelho; J. A. Rici

1993-01-01

71

The effect of an oil drilling operation on the trace metal concentrations in offshore bottom sediments of the Campos Basin oil field, SE Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concentrations of Al, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Pb, Ni, Cr, Ba, V, Sn and As in offshore bottom sediments from the Bacia de Campos oil field, SE Brazil, were measured at the beginning and at 7 months after completion of the drilling operation. Concentrations of Al, Fe, Ba, Cr, Ni and Zn were significantly higher closer to the drilling

C. E Rezende; L. D Lacerda; A. R. C Ovalle; C. M. M Souza; A. A. R Gobo; D. O Santos

2002-01-01

72

[Public health policies for workers: analysis of the implementation of institutionalization measures in a Brazilian city].  

PubMed

The creation of the Brazilian Network of Comprehensive Occupational Health Care (Renast) in 2002 led to the appearance and increase of Reference Centers for Occupational Health (Cerest) in Brazil. In the North Fluminense Region, Cerest was inaugurated in 2006 and resulted from the transformation of the former Occupational Health Program of the city of Campos dos Goytacazes. In the broader context of the history of Occupational Health Programs in Brazil and the creation of Renast, this research analyzes the setting up of this Cerest in Campos in the State of Rio de Janeiro. In line with Foucault, it examines the specificity of its relations of provenance and emergence, conducting a review of the trajectory of the Occupational Health Program in the city in question. Documentary analysis, participant observation and interviews with Cerest team members were used as research tools. The survey revealed some political and social trouble spots. The results show that Cerest has a history of isolation and marginalization in the region's political and institutional structure. It acts continuously with a predominant logic of care since its inception, but it has faced serious political obstacles over the course of time in the implementation of actions to promote occupational health. PMID:23546204

Leão, Luís Henrique da Costa; Castro, Alexandre de Carvalho

2013-03-01

73

Upper Cretaceous bioturbated fine-to-medium sands: A problem for deep-water exploration in Campos Basin, Offshore Brazil  

SciTech Connect

The presence of bioturbation in oil-prone turbidite deposits has detained a better exploration of upper Cretaceous siliciclastic reservoirs in Campos Basin. Bioturbated sandstones have degraded their permo-porosity with impact in oil production. They occur associated to unbioturbated sandstones with similar seismic amplitude, becoming difficult to separate them in seismic mapping. A comprehensive study in order to reduce the exploratory risk must consider firstly the recognition of genetic facies association through cores, and secondly the calibration of sonic well-logs and seismic velocity sections with rock data. This study deals with sedimentary facies association. The range of main facies in such reservoirs includes: (1) medium-to-coarse siliciclastic sandstone with cross stratification; (2) fine-to-medium massive sandstone with thin traction carpets, bioturbated by opportunistic ichnofabrics and, (3) bioturbated, muddy, fine-to-medium, quartz-feldspatic and glauconitic sandstone over 60 in thick. The genetic facies associations suggest that the sandwich reservoirs were formed by high density turbidite currents deposited en masse or by thin traction carpets. The bioturbated sandstone was originated by reworking of bottom currents rich in nutrients and oxygen. Detritic and biogenic glauconite covered and/or filled bioturbations indicate a basinward movement of the bottom currents. The successive alternation of high-energy with low-energy ichnofabrics reflects cyclic variations in current velocities.

Carminatti, M.; Zimmermann, L.; Jahnert, R.; Pontes, C.

1996-08-01

74

DosS responds to a reduced electron transport system to induce the Mycobacterium tuberculosis DosR regulon.  

PubMed

The DosR regulon in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is involved in respiration-limiting conditions, its induction is controlled by two histidine kinases, DosS and DosT, and recent experimental evidence indicates DosS senses either molecular oxygen or a redox change. Under aerobic conditions, induction of the DosR regulon by DosS, but not DosT, was observed after the addition of ascorbate, a powerful cytochrome c reductant, demonstrating that DosS responds to a redox signal even in the presence of high oxygen tension. During hypoxic conditions, regulon induction was attenuated by treatment with compounds that occluded electron flow into the menaquinone pool or decreased the size of the menaquinone pool itself. Increased regulon expression during hypoxia was observed when exogenous menaquinone was added, demonstrating that the menaquinone pool is a limiting factor in regulon induction. Taken together, these data demonstrate that a reduced menaquinone pool directly or indirectly triggers induction of the DosR regulon via DosS. Biochemical analysis of menaquinones upon entry into hypoxic/anaerobic conditions demonstrated the disappearance of the unsaturated species and low-level maintenance of the mono-saturated menaquinone. Relative to the unsaturated form, an analog of the saturated form is better able to induce signaling via DosS and rescue inhibition of menaquinone synthesis and is less toxic. The menaquinone pool is central to the electron transport system (ETS) and therefore provides a mechanistic link between the respiratory state of the bacilli and DosS signaling. Although this report demonstrates that DosS responds to a reduced ETS, it does not rule out a role for oxygen in silencing signaling. PMID:20952575

Honaker, Ryan W; Dhiman, Rakesh K; Narayanasamy, Prabagaran; Crick, Dean C; Voskuil, Martin I

2010-12-01

75

DosS Responds to a Reduced Electron Transport System To Induce the Mycobacterium tuberculosis DosR Regulon?  

PubMed Central

The DosR regulon in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is involved in respiration-limiting conditions, its induction is controlled by two histidine kinases, DosS and DosT, and recent experimental evidence indicates DosS senses either molecular oxygen or a redox change. Under aerobic conditions, induction of the DosR regulon by DosS, but not DosT, was observed after the addition of ascorbate, a powerful cytochrome c reductant, demonstrating that DosS responds to a redox signal even in the presence of high oxygen tension. During hypoxic conditions, regulon induction was attenuated by treatment with compounds that occluded electron flow into the menaquinone pool or decreased the size of the menaquinone pool itself. Increased regulon expression during hypoxia was observed when exogenous menaquinone was added, demonstrating that the menaquinone pool is a limiting factor in regulon induction. Taken together, these data demonstrate that a reduced menaquinone pool directly or indirectly triggers induction of the DosR regulon via DosS. Biochemical analysis of menaquinones upon entry into hypoxic/anaerobic conditions demonstrated the disappearance of the unsaturated species and low-level maintenance of the mono-saturated menaquinone. Relative to the unsaturated form, an analog of the saturated form is better able to induce signaling via DosS and rescue inhibition of menaquinone synthesis and is less toxic. The menaquinone pool is central to the electron transport system (ETS) and therefore provides a mechanistic link between the respiratory state of the bacilli and DosS signaling. Although this report demonstrates that DosS responds to a reduced ETS, it does not rule out a role for oxygen in silencing signaling.

Honaker, Ryan W.; Dhiman, Rakesh K.; Narayanasamy, Prabagaran; Crick, Dean C.; Voskuil, Martin I.

2010-01-01

76

Transformation of the Extended Gamma Function Gamma>^2,0_0,2 [(b,x)] with Applications to Astrophysical Thermonuclear Functions DOS Campos, Brazil, 10-14 November 1997.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two representations of the extended gamma functions Gamma^2,0_0,2 [(b,x)] are proved. These representations are exploited to find a transformation relation between two Fox's H-functions. These results are used to solve Fox's H-function in terms of Meijer's G-function for certain values of the parameters. A closed form representation of the kernel of the Bessel type integral transform is also proved.

Aslam Chaudhry, M.

77

Fast interrupt platform for extended DOS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Extended DOS offers the unique combination of a simple operating system which allows direct access to the interrupt tables, 32 bit protected mode access to 4096 MByte address space, and the use of industry standard C compilers. The drawback is that fast interrupt handling requires both 32 bit and 16 bit versions of each real-time process interrupt handler to avoid mode switches on the interrupts. A set of tools has been developed which automates the process of transforming the output of a standard 32 bit C compiler to 16 bit interrupt code which directly handles the real mode interrupts. The entire process compiles one set of source code via a make file, which boosts productivity by making the management of the compile-link cycle very simple. The software components are in the form of classes written mostly in C. A foreground process written as a conventional application which can use the standard C libraries can communicate with the background real-time classes via a message passing mechanism. The platform thus enables the integration of high performance real-time processing into a conventional application framework.

Duryea, T. W.

1995-01-01

78

Internal Rb-Sr Age and Initial 87Sr/86Sr of a Silicate Inclusion from the Campo Del Cielo Iron Meteorite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Internal Rb-Sr age of 4.54±0.08 Ga with initial 87Sr/86Sr of 0.69926±0.00027 was determined for a silicate inclusion in Campo del Cielo IAB iron. This result is consistent with the ages of Rb-Sr, Sm-Nd and Ar-Ar obtained from the plagioclase-diopside-rich materials in Caddo IAB iron.

Liu, Y.; Nyquist, L.; Wiesmann, H.; Shih, C.; Schwandt, C.; Takeda, H.

2003-03-01

79

Impact of two conceptual precipitation modeling schemes on the mass balance of the Gran Campo Nevado Ice Cap, Patagonia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A linear model of orographic precipitation (OPM) (Smith & Barstad 2004) including the airflow dynamics, the advection of condensed water, and the downslope evaporation was used to downscale orographic precipitation dynamically for the Gran Campo Nevado Ice Cap (GCN) in southwest Patagonia. The model is driven by using Reanalysis data of the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) for the time period 2000-2010. The OPM is evaluated by using daily precipitation data from automatic weather stations in the investigated area. GCN is mostly influenced by orographically induced precipitation, providing a suitable basis for downscaling precipitation by applying a linear orographic precipitation model. The amount and spatial distribution of modeled orographic precipitation are in good agreement with observed precipitation fields. The application of an orographic precipitation model to downscale precipitation even in complex terrain and to obtain a detailed estimate of the spatial distribution of precipitation provides a promising technique for further studies, such as glacier mass balance studies. A long-term application of the OPM for the time period 2000-2010 is implemented in order to improve surface mass balance (SMB) studies at GCN. The SMB is calculated using a degree-day model which is driven by two different downscaled precipitation datasets based on a linear precipitation gradient and daily modeled orographic precipitation. The main intention of this study is the analysis of the sensitivity of GCN to changes in precipitation and the achievement of significantly higher accuracies of the SMB calculations. The variation of the precipitation gradient on the east and west side of the mountain range is assumed to be of crucial importance and should be considered in the calculation of glacier mass balance.

Reinartz, S.; Sauter, T.; Schneider, C.

2012-04-01

80

Evapotranspiration estimation in pastures at the municipality of Campo Grande, Brazil, using SEBAL and remote sensing data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The knowledge of the total water loss by evapotranspiration is essential for plant growth and development assessments. Studies show that the success of the Brazilian livestock is directly linked to the fact that bovine cattle is reared in pastures, which enables low cost beef production. However, many factors influence the productive capacity of pastures and, consequently, beef production. Among these, there are variations in precipitation, causing periods of water deficit even during rainy seasons, which makes evapotranspiration a major factor in the diagnosis of climatic and environmental conditions of pasture areas. Remote sensing information has been used by several models and algorithms for obtaining parameters of the Earth's surface. The Surface Energy Balance Algorithms for Land (SEBAL) is an algorithm for evapotranspiration estimation for large areas. It is processed by means of computational steps, which predict a full assessment of the solar radiation and energy on the Earth's surface. For that it uses data of sensors that collect wavelengths in the visible, reflective infrared and thermal bands. This study aimed at estimating actual daily evapotranspiration (ETdaily) in pasture areas at Embrapa Beef Cattle's Experimental Farm, located in the municipality of Campo Grande, Brazil, by means of the SEBAL algorithm and Landsat 5-TM images. For the scenes of May 9, June 28, July 7 and October 2, 2009, the ETdaily varied from 0.50 to 3.50 mm d-1 with an average of 1.85 mm d-1 for pasture areas. The application of the SEBAL algorithm proved itself adequate in extensive areas, and it is possible to use it for monitoring pasture conditions, thus contributing to making decisions that favor beef cattle production with environmental sustainability.

Andrade, R. G.; Leivas, J. F.; Hott, M. C.; Alvarez, I. A.; Vicente, L. E.; Nogueira, S. F.; Takemura, C. M.

2011-12-01

81

Evapotranspiration estimation in pastures at the municipality of Campo Grande, Brazil, using SEBAL and remote sensing data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The knowledge of the total water loss by evapotranspiration is essential for plant growth and development assessments. Studies show that the success of the Brazilian livestock is directly linked to the fact that bovine cattle is reared in pastures, which enables low cost beef production. However, many factors influence the productive capacity of pastures and, consequently, beef production. Among these, there are variations in precipitation, causing periods of water deficit even during rainy seasons, which makes evapotranspiration a major factor in the diagnosis of climatic and environmental conditions of pasture areas. Remote sensing information has been used by several models and algorithms for obtaining parameters of the Earth's surface. The Surface Energy Balance Algorithms for Land (SEBAL) is an algorithm for evapotranspiration estimation for large areas. It is processed by means of computational steps, which predict a full assessment of the solar radiation and energy on the Earth's surface. For that it uses data of sensors that collect wavelengths in the visible, reflective infrared and thermal bands. This study aimed at estimating actual daily evapotranspiration (ETdaily) in pasture areas at Embrapa Beef Cattle's Experimental Farm, located in the municipality of Campo Grande, Brazil, by means of the SEBAL algorithm and Landsat 5-TM images. For the scenes of May 9, June 28, July 7 and October 2, 2009, the ETdaily varied from 0.50 to 3.50 mm/day with an average of 1.85 mm/day for pasture areas. The application of the SEBAL algorithm proved itself adequate in extensive areas, and it is possible to use it for monitoring pasture conditions, thus contributing to making decisions that favor beef cattle production with environmental sustainability.

Andrade, R. G.; Leivas, J. F.; Alvarez, I. A.; Vicente, L. E.; Nogueira, S. F.; Hott, M. C.; Takemura, C. M.; Gomes, D.

2011-12-01

82

Teaching Bibliometric Analysis and MS/DOS Commands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the steps involved in bibliometric studies, and demonstrates the ability to execute simple studies on microcomputers by downloading files using only the capability of MS/DOS. Detailed illustrations of the MS/DOS commands used are provided. (eight references) (CLB)

Dou, Henri; And Others

1988-01-01

83

The Pico DOS Dias Survey Starburst Galaxies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss the nature of the galaxies found in the Pico dos Dias Survey (PDS) for young stellar objects. The PDS galaxies were selected from the IRAS Point Source catalog. They have flux density of moderate or high quality at 12, 25, and 60 ?m and spectral indices in the ranges -3.00 <= ?(25, 12) <= + 0.35 and -2.50 <= ?(60, 25) <= +0.85. These criteria allowed the detection of 382 galaxies, which are a mixture of starburst and Seyfert galaxies. Most of the PDS Seyfert galaxies are included in the catalog of warm IRAS sources by de Grijp et al. The remaining galaxies constitute a homogeneous sample of luminous [log F (LB/L?) = 9.9 +/- 0.4] starburst galaxies, 67% of which were not recognized as such before. The starburst nature of the PDS galaxies is established by comparing their LIR/LB ratios and IRAS colors with a sample of emission-line galaxies from the literature already classified as starburst galaxies. The starburst galaxies show an excess of FIR luminosity, and their IRAS colors are significantly different from those of Seyfert galaxies-99% of the starburst galaxies in our sample have a spectral index ?(60, 25) < -1.9. As opposed to Seyfert galaxies, very few PDS starbursts are detected in X-rays. In the infrared, the starburst galaxies form a continuous sequence with normal galaxies. But they generally can be distinguished from normal galaxies by their spectral index ?(60, 25) > -2.5. This color cutoff also marks a change in the dominant morphologies of the galaxies: the normal IRAS galaxies are preferentially late-type spirals (Sb and later), while the starbursts are more numerous among early-type spirals (earlier than Sbc). This preference of starbursts for early-type spirals is not new, but a trait of the massive starburst nucleus galaxies (Coziol et al.). As in other starburst nucleus galaxy samples, the PDS starbursts show no preference for barred galaxies. No difference is found between the starbursts detected in the FIR and those detected on the basis of UV excess. The PDS starburst galaxies represent the FIR luminous branch of the UV-bright starburst nucleus galaxies, with mean FIR luminosity log (LIR/L?) = 10.3 +/- 0.5 and redshifts smaller than 0.1. They form a complete sample limited in flux in the FIR at 2 × 10-10 ergs cm-2 s-1.

Coziol, Roger; Torres, Carlos A. O.; Quast, Germano R.; Contini, Thierry; Davoust, Emmanuel

1998-12-01

84

Genesis of the Angra dos Reis and other achondritic meteorites  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Major, minor, and trace element abundances were determined in seven Angra dos Reis samples, which included whole rocks, fassaite (clinopyroxene), olivine, and whitlockite separates, via sequential instrumental neutron activation analysis. The rare earth element abundance patterns and the trace element abundance patterns of this achondritic meteorite are discussed. A two-stage crystal-liquid fractionation model with source material containing olivine, orthopyroxene, and clinopyroxine is presented for the genesis of Angra dos Reis. Multilinear regression analysis was used to estimate possible composition and properties of the parent magmas. Angra dos Reis was compared with other achondrites, cumulate eucrites and nakhlites in particular. It is thought that the unique Angra dos Reis could not be related to those achondrites by crystal-liquid fractionation of the same parent body.

Ma, M.-S.; Murali, A. V.; Schmitt, R. A.

1977-01-01

85

Environmental impact studies of barium and radium discharges by produced waters from the “Bacia de Campos” oil-field offshore platforms, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Produced water samples from different E&P offshore petroleum platforms, belonging to the Bacia de Campos oil field, Brazil, were analyzed for barium, 226Ra and 1Ra. The concentrations measured are in the range of 0.36–25.7mgl?1 for barium, 0.012–6.0Bql?1 for 226Ra and <0.05–12.0Bql?1 for 1Ra. A strong correlation between the concentration of barium and radium isotopes was observed (226Ra: r2=0.926; 228Ra: r2=0.785).

S. F Jerez Vegueria; J. M Godoy; N Miekeley

2002-01-01

86

Towards multisensor data fusion for DoS detection  

Microsoft Academic Search

In our present work we introduce the use of data fusion in the field of DoS anomaly detection. We present Dempster-Shafer's Theory of Evidence (D-S) as the mathematical foundation for the development of a novel DoS detection engine. Based on a data fusion paradigm, we combine multiple evidence generated from simple heuristics to feed our D-S inference engine and attempt

Christos Siaterlis; Basil S. Maglaris

2004-01-01

87

OptaDOS - a new tool for EELS calculations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many modern (Scanning) Transmission Electron Microscopes ((S)TEMs) are equipped with an energy loss spectrometer. The Electron Energy Loss (EEL) spectra collected provide an experimental method of probing the bonding within a material. With the extra addition of monochromators, the energy resolution obtainable means that even more information is revealed within the fine structure of the spectra. Interpreting the fine structure can often be aided by simulation. Density-functional theory (DFT) is one method of simulating EEL spectra. DFT allows us to simulate DOS and EEL spectra from different structures. This comparison between simulation and experiment enables us to explore how changes in the spectrum are related to changes within the sample. CASTEP is a pseudopotential DFT code which can simulate both low-loss and core-loss EEL spectra. Recent developments have resulted in a separate analysis tool, OptaDOS. This package computes various spectral properties including DOS, projected DOS, joint DOS, core-loss and low-loss EEL spectra and optical spectra. One of the important aspects of the code is the way in which the DOS is calculated. This is done via linear extrapolation or adaptive smearing, methods which are not currently available within CASTEP (or indeed any other code) and which allow detailed analysis of spectral properties. This paper summarises these developments and what they mean for the interpretation of EEL spectra.

Nicholls, R. J.; Morris, A. J.; Pickard, C. J.; Yates, J. R.

2012-07-01

88

[Nobody gives orders here: the meanings of work and health for settlers from the Landless Rural Workers' Movement].  

PubMed

This paper discusses the partial results of qualitative research on lifestyles and meanings attributed to health and work among settlers from the Landless Rural Workers' Movement (MST) and identifies strategies developed by workers to maintain and/or promote health. The study was conducted in a rural settlement affiliated with the MST in Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. The ergological approach was the main theoretical and methodological reference for understanding work from the perspective of "human activity". The study techniques included document analysis, participant observation, semi-structured interviews, and focus groups, and the data were submitted to thematic content analysis. The landless rural workers attributed the meanings of freedom and satisfaction to their work, associated with self-management and autonomy, which they reported as key elements for health. Although rural work was considered tiring, the work and way of life in the settlement provided this community with possibilities for ensuring their health and resisting the hegemonic agribusiness model. PMID:24005925

Santos, Júlio César Borges dos; Hennington, Elida Azevedo

2013-08-01

89

Role of the dosR-dosS Two-Component Regulatory System in Mycobacterium tuberculosis Virulence in Three Animal Models? †  

PubMed Central

The Mycobacterium tuberculosis dosR gene (Rv3133c) is part of an operon, Rv3134c-Rv3132c, and encodes a response regulator that has been shown to be upregulated by hypoxia and other in vitro stress conditions and may be important for bacterial survival within granulomatous lesions found in tuberculosis. DosR is activated in response to hypoxia and nitric oxide by DosS (Rv3132c) or DosT (Rv2027c). We compared the virulence levels of an M. tuberculosis dosR-dosS deletion mutant (?dosR-dosS [?dosR-S]), a dosR-complemented strain, and wild-type H37Rv in rabbits, guinea pigs, and mice infected by the aerosol route and in a mouse hollow-fiber model that may mimic in vivo granulomatous conditions. In the mouse and the guinea pig models, the ?dosR-S mutant exhibited a growth defect. In the rabbit, the ?dosR-S mutant did not replicate more than the wild type. In the hollow-fiber model, the mutant phenotype was not different from that of the wild-type strain. Our analyses reveal that the dosR and dosS genes are required for full virulence and that there may be differences in the patterns of attenuation of this mutant between the animal models studied.

Converse, Paul J.; Karakousis, Petros C.; Klinkenberg, Lee G.; Kesavan, Anup K.; Ly, Lan H.; Allen, Shannon Sedberry; Grosset, Jacques H.; Jain, Sanjay K.; Lamichhane, Gyanu; Manabe, Yukari C.; McMurray, David N.; Nuermberger, Eric L.; Bishai, William R.

2009-01-01

90

Isotopic and chemical investigations on Angra dos Reis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Isotope ratios and chemical abundance measurements for a variety of elements are reported for total meteorite and mineral separates of the Angra dos Reis achondrite. U-Pb, Th-Pb, and Pb-Pb ages are concordant at 4.54 eons for the total meteorite and for high-purity whitlockite, which indicates that Angra dos Reis is an early planetary differentiate that has not been disturbed for these systems since 4.54 eons ago. The implications of different ratios of Sr-87 and Sr-86 found in different components are discussed. Xe isotopic measurements show that Pu-244 was enriched in the whitlockite relative to the pyroxene by a factor of about 18. Chemical enrichment factors between the whitlockite and the fassaitic pyroxene in Angra dos Reis are presented

Wasserburg, G. J.; Tera, F.; Papanastassiou, D. A.; Huneke, J. C.

1977-01-01

91

Xenon spallation systematics in Angra dos Reis. [meteoritic evolution  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Literature Xe data for the Angra dos Reis meteorite have been resolved into constituent spallation, fission and trapped components. The spallation Xe compositions vary over a range wider than observed in any other samples, including lunar samples. These variations are due to the mixing of spallation Xe from Ba and rare earth element targets. It is possible to infer the Ba and rare earth spallation Xe compositions. Angra dos Reis spallation Xe compositions are systematically different from those observed in lunar samples, possibly because of differences in the irradiation conditions (geometry and shielding). Thus the Angra dos Reis data appear to be superior to lunar data for predicting spallation Xe compositions in other meteorites.

Hohenberg, C. M.; Hudson, B.; Kennedy, B. M.; Podosek, F. A.

1981-01-01

92

Leishmania chagasi in Opossums (Didelphis albiventris) in an Urban Area Endemic for Visceral Leishmaniasis, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil  

PubMed Central

We investigated the occurrence of Leishmania infantum chagasi in Didelphis albiventris opossums at a wild animal rehabilitation center in the city of Campo Grande, Brazil. A total of 54 opossums were tested for L. i. chagasi infection in peripheral blood and bone marrow samples. The samples were analyzed by direct examination, culturing in a specific medium, and polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism. Leishmania i. chagasi DNA was detected by polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism in 11 (20.37%) animals. A total of 81.81% of positive opossums were captured in areas of known visceral leishmaniasis transmission. These results suggest a role for D. albiventris in the urban transmission of visceral leishmaniasis.

Humberg, Roberta M. P.; Oshiro, Elisa T.; Cruz, Maria do Socorro Pires e; Ribolla, Paulo E. M.; Alonso, Diego P.; Ferreira, Alda M. T.; Bonamigo, Raquel A.; Tasso, Norton; de Oliveira, Alessandra Gutierrez

2012-01-01

93

Levelling profiles and a GPS network to monitor the active folding and faulting deformation in the Campo de Dalias (Betic Cordillera, southeastern Spain).  

PubMed

The Campo de Dalias is an area with relevant seismicity associated to the active tectonic deformations of the southern boundary of the Betic Cordillera. A non-permanent GPS network was installed to monitor, for the first time, the fault- and fold-related activity. In addition, two high precision levelling profiles were measured twice over a one-year period across the Balanegra Fault, one of the most active faults recognized in the area. The absence of significant movement of the main fault surface suggests seismogenic behaviour. The possible recurrence interval may be between 100 and 300 y. The repetitive GPS and high precision levelling monitoring of the fault surface during a long time period may help us to determine future fault behaviour with regard to the existence (or not) of a creep component, the accumulation of elastic deformation before faulting, and implications of the fold-fault relationship. PMID:22319309

Marín-Lechado, Carlos; Galindo-Zaldívar, Jesús; Gil, Antonio José; Borque, María Jesús; de Lacy, María Clara; Pedrera, Antonio; López-Garrido, Angel Carlos; Alfaro, Pedro; García-Tortosa, Francisco; Ramos, Maria Isabel; Rodríguez-Caderot, Gracia; Rodríguez-Fernández, José; Ruiz-Constán, Ana; de Galdeano-Equiza, Carlos Sanz

2010-01-01

94

Levelling Profiles and a GPS Network to Monitor the Active Folding and Faulting Deformation in the Campo de Dalias (Betic Cordillera, Southeastern Spain)  

PubMed Central

The Campo de Dalias is an area with relevant seismicity associated to the active tectonic deformations of the southern boundary of the Betic Cordillera. A non-permanent GPS network was installed to monitor, for the first time, the fault- and fold-related activity. In addition, two high precision levelling profiles were measured twice over a one-year period across the Balanegra Fault, one of the most active faults recognized in the area. The absence of significant movement of the main fault surface suggests seismogenic behaviour. The possible recurrence interval may be between 100 and 300 y. The repetitive GPS and high precision levelling monitoring of the fault surface during a long time period may help us to determine future fault behaviour with regard to the existence (or not) of a creep component, the accumulation of elastic deformation before faulting, and implications of the fold-fault relationship.

Marin-Lechado, Carlos; Galindo-Zaldivar, Jesus; Gil, Antonio Jose; Borque, Maria Jesus; de Lacy, Maria Clara; Pedrera, Antonio; Lopez-Garrido, Angel Carlos; Alfaro, Pedro; Garcia-Tortosa, Francisco; Ramos, Maria Isabel; Rodriguez-Caderot, Gracia; Rodriguez-Fernandez, Jose; Ruiz-Constan, Ana; de Galdeano-Equiza, Carlos Sanz

2010-01-01

95

The effect of an oil drilling operation on the trace metal concentrations in offshore bottom sediments of the Campos Basin oil field, SE Brazil.  

PubMed

The concentrations of Al, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu, Pb, Ni, Cr, Ba, V, Sn and As in offshore bottom sediments from the Bacia de Campos oil field, SE Brazil, were measured at the beginning and at 7 months after completion of the drilling operation. Concentrations of Al, Fe, Ba, Cr, Ni and Zn were significantly higher closer to the drilling site compared to stations far from the site. Average concentrations of Al, Cu, and in particular of Ni, were significantly higher at the end of the drilling operation than at the beginning. Comparison between drilling area sediments with control sediments of the continental platform, however, showed no significant difference in trace metal concentrations. Under the operation conditions of this drilling event, the results show that while changes in some trace metal concentrations do occur during drilling operations, they are not significantly large to be distinguished from natural variability of the local background concentrations. PMID:12222892

Rezende, C E; Lacerda, L D; Ovalle, A R C; Souza, C M M; Gobo, A A R; Santos, D O

2002-07-01

96

Reforma do Fundo de Participação dos Estados (FPE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este documento focaliza as opções para a reforma do Fundo de Participação dos Estados (FPE), que constitui uma das principais transferências intergovernamentais no Brasil. Este enfoque se justifica pelo fato de que essa reforma tornou-se uma prioridade política urgente após a decisão do Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF) que declarou a inconstitucionalidade da fórmula atual de distribuição horizontal do FPE e

Teresa Ter-Minassian

2012-01-01

97

When worlds collide - Mac to MS-DOS. [Data transfer to and from Apple Macintosh computers and MS-DOS based personal computers  

SciTech Connect

A number of methods and products, both hardware and software, to allow data exchange between Apple Macintosh computers and MS-DOS based systems. These included serial null modem connections, MS-DOS hardware and/or software emulation, MS-DOS disk-reading hardware and networking.

Busbey, A.B.

1989-04-01

98

Avaliação dos efeitos centrais dos fl orais de Bach em camundongos através de modelos farmacológicos específi cos  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: Os Remédios Florais de Bach (RFB), constituem um método alternativo de tratamento usado largamente na terapêutica de várias patologias em muitos países do mundo. Os RFB são reconhecidos como tratamento natural pela OMS desde 1956. Embora o mecanismo de ação dos RFB ainda não tenha sido elucidado, eles vêm sendo indicados para o tratamento de várias doenças neuropsiquiátricas. O

Márcia M. De-Souza; Milene Garbeloto; Karin Denez; Iriane Eger-Mangrich

99

Campo Lucian FRANCISCO LIMBERGER LEO TETELBOM STEIN AIRMON NOCCHI Kolola ANTONIO Postoperative pain preoperative outcomes after laparoscopic radical hysterectomy abdominal radical hysterectomy patients w with early cervical cancer: randomised controlled trial. Trials (London). v.14 p.293 - 2013.  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Did you mean: Campo Lucian FRANCISCO LIMBERGER LEO TETELBOM STEIN AIRMON NOCCHI Kolola ANTONIO Postoperative pain preoperative outcomes after laparoscopic radical hysterectomy abdominal radical hysterectomy patients w with early cervical cancer: randomised controlled trial. Trials (London). v.14 p.293 - 2013. ?

100

MODELAGEM MATEMÁTICA DOS NÍVEIS D'ÁGUA NO RIO ARAGUAIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo - Este trabalho é pioneiro para a região Centro-Oeste do Brasil e visa ao aprofundamento da problemática do aproveitamento do Rio Araguaia como via navegável para transportar as safras de grãos das regiões Centro-Norte. O Programa de Desenvolvimento da Hidrovia Tocantins- Araguaia é uma iniciativa do Ministério dos Transportes para estabelecer a navegação fluvial confiável e segura em 2.242

Rone Antônio de Azevedo

101

The Permian post-orogenic collapse in the Alps: insights from the Campo unit (Austroalpine nappes, N-Italy, SE-Switzerland)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The final stage of the Variscan orogeny (310-270 Ma) is characterized by an intense tectonic, magmatic and metamorphic event. During the Permian, acid and mafic intrusions were emplaced at all crustal levels and are associated to high-temperature contact metamorphism. While most of the studies focus either on the formation of Permian basins or on the lower crustal magmatic and metamorphic evolution, the characterization of the middle crust is lacking. Therefore, this study aims to unravel the processes active at mid-crustal levels during the Permian. We investigate the contact aureole of the Sondalo gabbro emplaced in a mid-crustal position during the Permian, exposed in the Austroalpine Campo unit (N-Italy). This work is based on a multidisciplinary approach linking structural geology, metamorphic petrology and geochronology. The country rock of the gabbroic intrusion is composed of Grt-St micaschists and paragneisses indicating a prograde path in the amphibolite facies associated with the formation of a N-W steeply dipping S2 foliation. This foliation is pervasively reworked by a N-E trending sub-vertical S3 fabric made of Ms-Bt metasediments. This S3 fabric is also found in metapelitic septa in the core of the mafic intrusion, whereas in the narrow contact aureole a moderately dipping S4 fabric roughly parallel to the margins of the pluton is developed. From host-rock to the center of the intrusion, the metapelites show destabilization of muscovite, appearance of sillimanite, spinel, cordierite, crystallization of a large amount of garnet and finally disappearance of biotite and potassic feldspar. As a consequence, the kinzigitic restites of the contact aureole are replaced by Grt-Sil-Crd-Spl granulites in an intra-plutonic position. Qualitative P-T estimates indicate a barrovian prograde path during D2, similar to P-T evolutions found in other Austroalpine units (e.g. Ulten zone). Thermodynamic modelling of the high-grade granulites due to the thermal effect of the ~290 Ma (U-Pb on zircon) mafic intrusion give conditions of ~6 kbar and > 900°C. Our results bring constrains on the thermal and mechanical relation between the pluton and the host rock in the middle crust and confirm the mid-crustal position of the Campo unit during the Permian. Furthermore, this study highlights the contrasted evolution of mid-crustal levels compared to lower-crustal systems such as the Ivrea zone. Eventually at a larger scale, these results provide insights on the tectonic and magmatic processes and thermal conditions of the continental crust during Variscan post-orogenic evolution.

Petri, Benoît; Mohn, Geoffroy; Štípská, Pavla; Manatschal, Gianreto; Schulmann, Karel

2014-05-01

102

Ultrafast ligand dynamics in the heme-based GAF sensor domains of the histidine kinases DosS and DosT from Mycobacterium tuberculosis†  

PubMed Central

The transcriptional regulator DosR from M. tuberculosis plays a crucial role in the virulence to dormancy transition of the pathogen. DosR can be activated by DosT and DosS, two histidine kinases with heme-containing sensor GAF domains, capable of diatomic ligand binding, To investigate the initial processes occurring upon ligand dissociation, we performed ultrafast time-resolved absorption spectroscopy of the isolated sensor domains ligated with O2, NO and CO. The results reveal a relatively closed heme pocket for both proteins. For DosT the yield of O2 escape from the heme pocket on the picoseconds timescale upon photodissociation was found to be very low (1.5%), similar to other heme-based oxygen sensor proteins, implying that this sensor acts as an effective O2 trap. Remarkably, this yield is an order of magnitude higher in DosS (18%). For CO, by contrast, the fraction of CO rebinding within the heme pocket is higher in DosS. Experiments with mutant DosT sensor domains and molecular dynamics simulations indicate an important role in ligand discrimination of the distal tyrosine, present in both proteins, which forms a hydrogen bond with heme-bound O2. We conclude that despite their similarity, DosT and DosS display ligand-specific different primary dynamics during the initial phases of intra-protein signaling. The distal tyrosine, present in both proteins, plays an important role in these processes.

Vos, Marten H.; Bouzhir-Sima, Latifa; Lambry, Jean-Christophe; Luo, Hao; Eaton-Rye, Julian J.; Ioanoviciu, Alexandra; Ortiz de Montellano, Paul R.; Liebl, Ursula

2011-01-01

103

Ultrafast ligand dynamics in the heme-based GAF sensor domains of the histidine kinases DosS and DosT from Mycobacterium tuberculosis.  

PubMed

The transcriptional regulator DosR from M. tuberculosis plays a crucial role in the virulence to dormancy transition of the pathogen. DosR can be activated by DosT and DosS, two histidine kinases with heme-containing sensor GAF domains, capable of diatomic ligand binding. To investigate the initial processes occurring upon ligand dissociation, we performed ultrafast time-resolved absorption spectroscopy of the isolated sensor domains ligated with O(2), NO, and CO. The results reveal a relatively closed heme pocket for both proteins. For DosT the yield of O(2) escape from the heme pocket on the picoseconds time scale upon photodissociation was found to be very low (1.5%), similar to other heme-based oxygen sensor proteins, implying that this sensor acts as an effective O(2) trap. Remarkably, this yield is an order of magnitude higher in DosS (18%). For CO, by contrast, the fraction of CO rebinding within the heme pocket is higher in DosS. Experiments with mutant DosT sensor domains and molecular dynamics simulations indicate an important role in ligand discrimination of the distal tyrosine, present in both proteins, which forms a hydrogen bond with heme-bound O(2). We conclude that despite their similarity, DosT and DosS display ligand-specific different primary dynamics during the initial phases of intraprotein signaling. The distal tyrosine, present in both proteins, plays an important role in these processes. PMID:22142262

Vos, Marten H; Bouzhir-Sima, Latifa; Lambry, Jean-Christophe; Luo, Hao; Eaton-Rye, Julian J; Ioanoviciu, Alexandra; Ortiz de Montellano, Paul R; Liebl, Ursula

2012-01-10

104

Structures of Mycobacterium tuberculosis DosR and DosR?DNA Complex Involved in Gene Activation during Adaptation to Hypoxic Latency  

SciTech Connect

On encountering low oxygen conditions, DosR activates the transcription of 47 genes, promoting long-term survival of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a non-replicating state. Here, we report the crystal structures of the DosR C-terminal domain and its complex with a consensus DNA sequence of the hypoxia-induced gene promoter. The DosR C-terminal domain contains four {alpha}-helices and forms tetramers consisting of two dimers with non-intersecting dyads. In the DNA-bound structure, each DosR C-terminal domain in a dimer places its DNA-binding helix deep into the major groove, causing two bends in the DNA. DosR makes numerous protein-DNA base contacts using only three amino acid residues per subunit: Lys179, Lys182, and Asn183. The DosR tetramer is unique among response regulators with known structures.

Wisedchaisri, Goragot; Wu, Meiting; Rice, Adrian E.; Roberts, David M.; Sherman, David R.; Hol, Wim G.J. (UWASH)

2010-07-20

105

Trace Element Distribution Between Olivine and Kirschsteinite in Angra Dos Reis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kirschsteinite occurs interstitially to olivine grains in olivine aggregates in the Angra dos Reis angrite. Trace element abundances in these two phases in Angra dos Reis are similar to trace element abundances in these phases in LEW86010.

Fittipaldo, M. M.; Jones, R. H.; Shearer, C. K.

2003-03-01

106

Prevalence of latent tuberculosis and treatment adherence among patients with chronic kidney disease in Campo Grande, State of Mato Grosso do Sul.  

PubMed

Introduction The primary strategy for tuberculosis control involves identifying individuals with latent tuberculosis. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of latent tuberculosis in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients who were undergoing hemodialysis in Campo Grande, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, to characterize the sociodemographic and clinical profiles of patients with latent tuberculosis, to verify the association between sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and the occurrence of latent tuberculosis, and to monitor patient adherence to latent tuberculosis treatment. Methods This epidemiological study involved 418 CKD patients who were undergoing hemodialysis and who underwent a tuberculin skin test. Results The prevalence of latent tuberculosis was 10.3%. The mean patient age was 53.43±14.97 years, and the patients were predominantly men (63.9%). The population was primarily Caucasian (58.6%); half (50%) were married, and 49.8% had incomplete primary educations. Previous contact with tuberculosis patients was reported by 80% of the participants. Treatment adherence was 97.7%. Conclusions We conclude that the prevalence of latent tuberculosis in our study population was low. Previous contact with patients with active tuberculosis increased the occurrence of latent infection. Although treatment adherence was high in this study, it is crucial to monitor tuberculosis treatment administered to patients in health services to maintain this high rate. PMID:24861295

Chagas, Aucely Corrêa Fernandes; Hans Filho, Günter; Oliveira, Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de; Ivo, Maria Lúcia; Corrêa Filho, Ruy Alberto Caetano; Donatti, Maria Ilizabeth

2014-04-01

107

Hamacantha (Hamacantha) boomerang sp. nov. from deep-sea coral mounds at Campos Basin, SW Atlantic, and redescription of H. (H.) schmidtii (Carter, 1882) (Hamacanthidae, Poecilosclerida, Demospongiae).  

PubMed

There are 22 species of Hamacantha registered from all over the world, and frequently from deep-waters, only two of which had previously been reported from the SW Atlantic. Here we describe a third species for this area, Hamacantha (H.) boomerang sp. nov., collected from deep-sea coral mounds at Campos Basin (off Rio de Janeiro state). We found oxeas 271-630 µm long, diancistras in three size classes, 125-155, 45-69 and 20-29 µm, and toxas, 58-82 µm. This is the only Hamacantha combining oxeas and toxas, but the latter are very rare. The species approaches the Caribbean H. (H.) schmidtii (Carter, 1882), where we observed oxeas 390-495 µm long, and diancistras in three size classes, 109-124,  44-54 and 26-41 ?m, however toxas appear to be absent. Both species are clearly distinct by micrometric values, as well as the overall morphology of the smaller diancistras, distinct from the intermediate category in the new species, but quite similar in H. (H.) schmidtii. Hamacantha (Vomerula) falcula approaches the new species very closely in microsclere dimensions and morphology, but is set apart by its styloid and smaller megascleres. PMID:24872308

Hajdu, Eduardo; Castello-Branco, Cristiana

2014-01-01

108

Environmental impact studies of barium and radium discharges by produced waters from the "Bacia de Campos" oil-field offshore platforms, Brazil.  

PubMed

Produced water samples from different E&P offshore petroleum platforms, belonging to the Bacia de Campos oil field, Brazil, were analyzed for barium, 226Ra and 'Ra. The concentrations measured are in the range of 0.36-25.7 mg l(-1) for barium, 0.012-6.0 Bq l(-1) for 226Ra and <0.05-12.0 Bq l(-1) for 1Ra. A strong correlation between the concentration of barium and radium isotopes was observed (226Ra: r2=0.926: 228Ra: r2=0.785). Additionally, seawater and sediment samples were taken at different distances (from 250 to 1,000 m) from the two selected platforms. Water samples were analyzed for dissolved and particulate barium, 226Ra and 225Ra and the sediment samples for total and leachable barium, 226Ra and 228Ra. The results showed that even for the shortest sampling distance (250 m) from the discharge point, barium, 226Ra and 228Ra concentrations are similar to the local background, indicating that dispersion by local currents is enough to minimize environmental impacts. PMID:12141605

Jerez Vegueria, S F; Godoy, J M; Miekeley, N

2002-01-01

109

Ecological aspects of phlebotomines (Diptera: Psychodidae) in endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis, Campo Grande, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.  

PubMed

Aspects of phlebotomine behavior were investigated in the city of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul state. The insects were captured weekly during December 2003 to November 2005, with Centers for Disease Control light traps at seven different sites including forests and residential areas. In total, 11,024 specimens (7,805 males and 3,219 females) were collected, from which 9,963 (90.38%) were identified as Lutzomyia longipalpis, the proven vector of American visceral leishmaniasis agent. The remaining 9.62% comprised 21 species. L. longipalpis was the most frequent species in all sampled sites, and the first in the ranking of standardized species abundance index. In residential areas this species clearly predominated in the peridomicile (90.96%), in contrast to the intradomicile (9.04%); in animal shelters, it was more numerous in hen houses and prevailed at ground level, inside, and at forest edge around the residences; this aspect is worrying because this insect may remain sheltered in forested environments during the use of insecticides in homes. In the forest environment, other probable or proven vector of cutaneous leishmaniasis agents were also captured such as Lutzomyia whitmani (=Nyssomyia whitmani, sensu Galati), Lutzomyia antunesi (=Nyssomyia antunesi, sensu Galati), and Lutzomyia flaviscutellata (=Bichromomyia flaviscutellata, sensu Galati). PMID:22308770

Oliveira, Alessandra Gutierrez; Galati, Eunice Aparecida Bianchi; Fernandes, Carlos Eurico; Dorval, Maria Elizabeth Cavalheiros; Brazil, Reginaldo Peçanha

2012-01-01

110

Distribution and mineralogy of platinum-group elements in altered chromitites of the Campo Formoso layered intrusion (Bahia State, Brazil): control by magmatic and hydrothermal processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Polyphase, penetrative hydrothermal metasomatism in chromitites of the Campo Formoso layered intrusion produced spectacular chromite - ferrian chromite zoning and transformed the primary intercumulus silicates into a chlorite - serpentine - carbonate - talc assemblage. Alteration did not substantially modify the composition of chromite cores and the distribution of platinum-group elements (PGE) through the sequence of chromitite layers, which still are consistent with magmatic fractionation processes. Texture and composition of laurite and Os-Ir-Ru alloys included in chromite cores indicate that these PGM were not altered, and are probably magmaticin origin. In contrast, the PGM located in the intergranular chlorite matrix (laurite, Ir-Ru-Rh sulfarsenides and Pt-Pd compounds with Sb, Bi and Te) display evidence of hydrothermal reworking. These PGM are intimately intergrown with low-temperature Ni-sulfides. The paragenesis suggests that the Ni-sulfides-PGM assemblage formed at the expenses of unknown PGM precursors, which must have been originally present in the intercumulus silicate matrix. Mechanism of formation involves a sequence of dissolution-precipitation events controlled by variation of redox conditions during chromite alteration. The presence of a secondary ore mineral assemblage consisting of galena, bismuthinite, native antimony, and various Pb-Sb compounds suggests a possible contribution of fluids derived from the adjacent granite.

Garuti, G.; Proenza, J. A.; Zaccarini, F.

2007-03-01

111

Research of DoS Intrusion Real-time Detection Based on Danger Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Denial of Service (DoS) attack is one of the most common network attacks on network in the present. Usually DoS attack is often executed in fraudulent way, so they have the characteristic of fraudulence and danger. A new method of DoS intrusion detection based on the immune danger theory is presented in the paper, according to the characteristic of DoS

Chun Xu; Xing-shu Chen; Hui Zhao; Yu-ming Jiang; Nian Liu; Tie-fang Wang

2007-01-01

112

A EXPLORAÇÃO DO ECOSSISTEMA DOS MANGAIS ENQUANTO APROPRIAÇÃO DO ESPAÇO NA CIDADE DE ANGOCHE  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: O artigo apresenta uma reflexão sobre a relação entre a população e os recursos naturais, com enfoque específico no ecossistema dos mangais. Descreve algumas práticas da vida quotidiana e que caracterizam a exploração dos mangais na cidade de Angoche; daí parte para uma reflexão em torno dos processos de produção do espaço: a apropriação do espaço. O artigo revela

Alexandre H. M. Baia

113

Estudio dinámico de un potencial perturbador dependiente de dos parámetros  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

El objeto del presente trabajo consiste en el estudio dinámico de un sistema dinámico caracterizado por la función hamiltoniana correspondiente a un satélite planetario perturbado por la acción del Sol y del achatamiento del planeta madre. Cuando dicha Hamiltoniana se promedia respecto de los términos de corto período, esta queda con dos grados de libertad, y su estudio puede ser realizado con las herramientas clásicas de la dinámica no-lineal. Se tratará de determinar regiones regulares y caóticas de movimiento. En el caso de estas últimas, es de particular interés la determinación de su orígen.

Miloni, O.; Brunini, A.

114

Detection of DoS attacks using intrusion detection sensors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Intrusion detection systems have usually been developed using large host-based components. These components impose an extra load on the system where they run (sometimes even requiring a dedicated system) and are subject to tampering or disabling by an intruder. Additionally, intrusion detection systems have usually obtained information about host behavior through indirect means, such as audit trails or network packet traces. This potentially allows intruders to modify the information before the intrusion detection system obtains it and slows down the detection and prevention of DoS attacks, making it possible for an intruder to hide his activities. In this paper we propose work that will attempt to show that it is possible to perform intrusion detection mechanism of DoS attacks using small sensors embedded in a computer system. These sensors will look for signs of specific intrusions. They will perform target monitoring by observing the behavior of the through an audit trail or other indirect means in real time while the Snort IDS running. Furthermore, by being built into the computer system it could provide a flexible alert sensor which may not impose a considerable extra load on the host they monitor.

Ramakrishna, Pathmenanthan; Maarof, Mohd A.

2002-09-01

115

Environmental Impact in Sediments and Seawater due to Discharges of Ba, 226 Ra, 228 Ra, V, Ni and Pb by Produced Water from the Bacia de Campos Oil Field Offshore Platforms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Produced water samples from the Bacia de Campos oil field offshore Pargo and Pampo platforms were analyzed for Ba, 226 Ra, 228 Ra, V, Ni and Pb. The activity concentrations measured were in the range of 1.6-6.0 Bq\\/L for 226 Ra and 0.7-8.2 Bq\\/L for 228 Ra for both platforms. For Ba, V, Ni and Pb the concentrations measured were

Sergio F. Jerez Veguería; José M. Godoy; Norbert Miekeley

2002-01-01

116

How does the crust thin during final rifting: evidence from the Bernina/Campo domain in the Central Alps (SE-Switzerland and N-Italy)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A long-standing problem in Earth Sciences is to understand how continents break apart to form new oceanic basins. Many of the questions that currently frame ongoing debates about continental break-up are related to the mechanics of extreme lithospheric extension. It is generally accepted that subcontinental mantle is exhumed at magma-poor rifted margins. However, much less attention has been paid to the processes that predate mantle exhumation. An increasing number of observations from magma-poor rifted margins show evidence for extreme crustal thinning to less than 10km without seismic evidence for significant normal faulting. This leads to the question of what structures/processes can explain such major crustal thinning and where and when are they active? The low resolution of the available offshore data and the small number of drill holes in present-day deep water rifted margins make it difficult to answer these questions. A more direct access to the sedimentary record of deep-water rifted margins and the underlying crustal and mantle rocks are exposed in the Alps in Western Europe. Remnants of the ancient Alpine Tethys rifted margins are well exposed and their paleogeographic evolution can be restored reasonably well. We initiated a research project in the Bernina/Campo domain in SE Switzerland, which exposes remnants of the fossil transition between the proximal and the distal/deep Adriatic margin, comparable with the necking zone in present-day magma-poor rifted margins. In the Bernina/Campo domain, primary, i.e. pre-Alpine contacts between sub-continental mantle, lower, middle and upper crustal rocks and pre-, syn- and post-rift sediments are locally preserved, which enables to unravel the structural, petrological and sedimentary evolution during extreme crustal thinning. Our results show that crustal thinning results from the interplay between detachment and decollement systems. The juxtaposition of pre-rift upper crustal rock against mafic lower crustal rocks in the most distal parts of the margin and the omission of the ductile quartzo-feldspatic middle crust in the necking zone suggests that extreme crustal thinning is strongly controlled by the rheological evolution of the extending lithosphere. The timing of extreme crustal thinning is well documented by the exhumation and cooling of mid to lower crustal rocks along low-angle detachment faults and their reworking in the syn-extensional sediments. The results show that the thinning of the continental crust is characterized by a system of conjugate crustal scale detachment systems along which the middle crust is omitted (necking zone). We believe that our results can help to better understanding the extreme thinning of the crust during final rifting as well as to better understand the rheological and isostastatic evolution of hyper-extended rifted margins.

Mohn, G.; Manatschal, G.; Masini, E.; Beltrando, M.; Muntener, O.; Kusznir, N. J.

2009-12-01

117

The Santa Terezinha-Campos Verdes emerald district, central Brazil: structural and Sm-Nd data to constrain the tectonic evolution of the Neoproterozoic Bras?´lia belt  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Structural analysis coupled with Sm-Nd isotope data and a detailed description of the geology of the Santa Terezinha-Campos Verdes emerald district (Goiás State, Central Brazil) constrain the evolution of the Neoproterozoic Bras?´lia belt. The area is composed of tectonic slices of Archean-Paleoproterozoic gneiss, a Meso-Neoproterozoic metavolcanic sedimentary sequence called the Santa Terezinha sequence, and crustal-derived intrusive rocks such as mylonitic (ortho)gneiss and a syntectonic porphyry granite. It underwent a Neoproterozoic greenschist facies polyphase ductile deformation (D 1-D 3). Structures indicate an event of rotational deformation along a typical frontal ramp dipping gently to the west (i.e. an event of simple shear with top to ESE relative regional movement due to a subhorizontal WNW-ESE compression). A Sm-Nd whole-rock isochron age of 577±77 Ma for the intrusive rocks constrains the timing of at least part of the deformation/metamorphism in the area. Primary and metamorphic planar structures (mainly D 1-D 2) strike SW-NE and dip at low to moderate angles to the NW in the northern part of the area. However, they gradually rotate to SSE in the central SE part, where the Peixe River synclinorium is developed. This synclinorium is also the nest of the D 2 sheath folds that control emerald ore shoots. The Santa Cruz dome is a basement-cored, major elliptic structure in the SW of the area. The Santa Terezinha sequence represents a back-arc basin that received input from the Neoproterozoic Goiás magmatic arc to the west and the São Francisco ancient continental margin to the east. The basal and upper sections of this sequence correlate, respectively, with other passive margin and back-arc sequences of the Bras?´lia belt.

D'el-Rey Silva, Luiz José Homem; Barros Neto, Leonel de Souza

2002-12-01

118

Dynamic crystallization experiments on the Angra DOS Reis achondritic meteorite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The types of cooling histories necessary to produce the porphyritic texture and the observed mineral assemblage in Angra dos Reis (ADOR) achondritic meteorite, which, on the basis of its trace element characteristics was considered to be a cumulate with a recrystallized texture, while a recent model suggested that ADOR is a porphyry. Dynamic crystallization experiments were conducted with nucleation conditions varied by melting the starting material at different degrees of superheat. The results show that, at low pressure, a volcanic or hypabyssal history of ADOR is possible. The most likely history involved cooling from a slightly subliquidus temperature with a relatively high and irregular nucleation density resulting in a granular texture with the poikilitic fassaite growing late; accumulation of some crystal is tought to be probable.

Lofgren, G. E.; Lanier, A. B.

1992-07-01

119

Urano y sus dos satélites irregulares recientemente descubiertos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hasta hace poco tiempo, Urano era el único de los Planetas Gigantes que no poseía satélites irregulares. Esto lo diferenciaba del resto de los planetas Gigantes, al igual que la peculiar oblicuidad de su eje de spin. La gran inclinación de su eje de rotación se debe probablemente a una colisión que sufrió el planeta con otro embrión planetario al final del proceso de formación. Esta colisión habría desligado satélites exteriores preexistentes del planeta. Recientemente se han descubierto dos satélites irregulares de Urano, lo que introduce algunas nuevas cotas y condiciones en el escenario de la "Hipótesis de la Gran Colisión" . Los satélites irregulares de Urano tuvieron que ser capturados en una etapa posterior a la del escenario de la Gran Colisión, de no ser así, hubieran sido eyectados del sistema por el impulso impartido con ese gran impacto. En este trabajo, se discuten los posibles mecanismos de captura de los satélites irregulares y se presenta un nuevo posible mecanismo para dicha captura.

Parisi, M. G.; Brunini, A.

120

Document image archive transfer from DOS to UNIX  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An R&D division of the National Library of Medicine has developed a prototype system for automated document image delivery as an adjunct to the labor-intensive manual interlibrary loan service of the library. The document image archive is implemented by a PC controlled bank of optical disk drives which use 12 inch WORM platters containing bitmapped images of over 200,000 pages of medical journals. Following three years of routine operation which resulted in serving patrons with articles both by mail and fax, an effort is underway to relocate the storage environment from the DOS-based system to a UNIX-based jukebox whose magneto-optical erasable 5 1/4 inch platters hold the images. This paper describes the deficiencies of the current storage system, the design issues of modifying several modules in the system, the alternatives proposed and the tradeoffs involved.

Hauser, Susan E.; Gill, Michael J.; Thoma, George R.

1994-01-01

121

Dynamic crystallization experiments on the Angra dos Reis achondritic meteorite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The types of cooling histories necessary to produce the porphyritic texture and the observed mineral assemblage in Angra dos Reis (ADOR) achondritic meteorite, which, on the basis of its trace element characteristics was considered to be a cumulate with a recrystallized texture, while a recent model suggested that ADOR is a porphyry. Dynamic crystallization experiments were conducted with nucleation conditions varied by melting the starting material at different degrees of superheat. The results show that, at low pressure, a volcanic or hypabyssal history of ADOR is possible. The most likely history involved cooling from a slightly subliquidus temperature with a relatively high and irregular nucleation density resulting in a granular texture with the poikilitic fassaite growing late; accumulation of some crystal is tought to be probable.

Lofgren, G. E.; Lanier, A. B.

1992-01-01

122

Isotopic composition of xenon and krypton in silicate-graphite inclusions of the El Taco, Campo del Cielo, IAB iron meteorite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Noble gases, extracted by temperature-stepped pyrolysis from acid-resistant silicate, schreibersite, and graphite residues of inclusions from the IAB iron meteorite El Taco (Campo del Cielo), have been analyzed for their isotopic composition. The concentrations of spallogenic (light) gases agree with previous data on adjacent specimens. Nominal feldspar and pyroxene fractions have lost up to 80% of their 3He during, or towards the end of, the exposure of El Taco to the cosmic radiation. In olivine the 3Ne/21Ne and NePNe ratios are as low as 2.18 ± 0.01 and 1.09 ± 0.03, respectively, presumably because the silicates were irradiated within a FeNi matrix under extremely heavy shielding. Argon, Kr, and Xe in the silicates are dominated by a trapped "planetary" component with 100 ? 36Ar/132Xe ? 700 and 1.7? 84Kr/132Xe ? 2.2 . Xenon released from the silicates at extraction temperatures > 1000°C is isotopically close to ureilite Xe, while the high- T Xe from graphite and schreibersite is unlike any of the presently well-established types of Xe. The isotopic composition of this Xe can be generated as a mixture of mass-fractionated U?Xe, with light isotopes depleted by (2.2 ± 0.1) % per atomic mass unit, and 244Pu?Xe. The fission component, 10% in the case of 136Xe, is not due to in situ-production; it must have been added prior to incorporation of the Xe into the El Taco parent body and presumably underwent the mass fractionation process together with U?Xe. From the silicates 127I( n, ?)-produced 128Xe ? and radiogenic 129Xe ? are released together, with the same 128Xe?/129Xe? ratio in nominal olivine, pyroxene, and feldspar although the maximum release from pyroxene occurs about 300°C higher than from feldspar. From this the cooling rate of silicates for the temperature range 1500-1200°C is deduced to be ?100°C per million years. The 80Kr/82Kr ratio of 79,81Br( n, ?)-produced 80,82Kr is 2.86 ± 0.04, in agreement with the value found in inclusions of the IAB Linwood but higher than observed in almost all stone meteorites.

Mathew, K. J.; Begemann, F.

1995-11-01

123

Blockage of the channel to heme by the E87 side chain in the GAF domain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis DosS confers the unique sensitivity of DosS to oxygen.  

PubMed

Two sensor kinases, DosS and DosT, are responsible for recognition of hypoxia in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Both proteins are structurally similar to each other, but DosS is a redox sensor while DosT binds oxygen. The primary difference between the two proteins is the channel to the heme present in their GAF domains. DosS has a channel that is blocked by E87 while DosT has an open channel. Absorption spectra of DosS mutants with an open channel show that they bind oxygen as DosT does when they are exposed to air, while DosT G85E mutant is oxidized similarly to DosS without formation of an oxy-ferrous form. This suggests that oxygen accessibility to heme is the primary factor governing the oxygen-binding properties of these proteins. PMID:21536032

Cho, Ha Yeon; Cho, Hyo Je; Kim, Myung Hee; Kang, Beom Sik

2011-06-23

124

The Mycobacterium DosR regulon structure and diversity revealed by comparative genomic analysis.  

PubMed

Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), which claims approximately two million people annually, remains a global health concern. The non-replicating or dormancy like state of this pathogen which is impervious to anti-tuberculosis drugs is widely recognized as the culprit for this scenario. The dormancy survival regulator (DosR) regulon, composed of 48 co-regulated genes, is held as essential for Mtb persistence. The DosR regulon is regulated by a two-component regulatory system consisting of two sensor kinases-DosS (Rv3132c) and DosT (Rv2027c), and a response regulator DosR (Rv3133c). The underlying regulatory mechanism of DosR regulon expression is very complex. Many factors are involved, particularly the oxygen tension. The DosR regulon enables the pathogen to persist during lengthy hypoxia. Comparative genomic analysis demonstrated that the DosR regulon is widely distributed among the mycobacterial genomes, ranging from the pathogenic strains to the environmental strains. In-depth studies on the DosR response should provide insights into its role in TB latency in vivo and shape new measures to combat this exceeding recalcitrant pathogen. PMID:22833514

Chen, Tian; He, Liming; Deng, Wanyan; Xie, Jianping

2013-01-01

125

Mycobacterium tuberculosis growth following aerobic expression of the DosR regulon.  

PubMed

The Mycobacterium tuberculosis regulator DosR is induced by multiple stimuli including hypoxia, nitric oxide and redox stress. Overlap of these stimuli with conditions thought to promote latency in infected patients fuels a model in which DosR regulon expression is correlated with bacteriostasis in vitro and a proxy for latency in vivo. Here, we find that inducing the DosR regulon to wildtype levels in aerobic, replicating M. tuberculosis does not alter bacterial growth kinetics. We conclude that DosR regulon expression alone is insufficient for bacterial latency, but rather is expressed during a range of growth states in a dynamic environment. PMID:22558276

Minch, Kyle; Rustad, Tige; Sherman, David R

2012-01-01

126

I-121 - CINÉTICA QUÍMICA E FUNDAMENTOS DOS PROCESSOS DE NITRIFICAÇÃO E DENITRIFICAÇÃO BIOLÓGICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO A demanda crescente dos usos das águas naturais tem gerado necessidades crescentes de processos efetivos no tratamentos de efluentes líquidos, e estratégias de gerenciamento dos recursos naturais. As tecnologias disponíveis para o controle do nitrogênio em efluentes industriais e domésticos têm se tornado uma poderosa ferramenta tanto para a correta disposição de efluentes, como para o gerenciamento das águas.

Eduardo S. Ferreira

127

America Inc.: John Dos Passos'"USA" as Professional Writing Textbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While working as a special consultant for General Mills in 1948, John Dos Passos wrote a report explaining the latest scientific research and technological advancements and how the postwar economy was affecting General Mills and the cereal market. General Mills, using a real writer for a corporate freelance, profited from Dos Passos' expertise and…

Di Renzo, Anthony

128

The dormancy regulator DosR controls ribosome stability in hypoxic mycobacteria.  

PubMed

It is thought that during latent infection, Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacilli are retained within granulomas in a low-oxygen environment. The dormancy survival (Dos) regulon, regulated by the response regulator DosR, appears to be essential for hypoxic survival in M. tuberculosis, but it is not known how the regulon promotes survival. Here we report that mycobacteria, in contrast to enteric bacteria, do not form higher-order structures (e.g. ribosomal dimers) upon entry into stasis. Instead, ribosomes are stabilized in the associated form (70S). Using a strategy incorporating microfluidic, proteomic, and ribosomal profiling techniques to elucidate the fate of mycobacterial ribosomes during hypoxic stasis, we show that the dormancy regulator DosR is required for optimal ribosome stabilization. We present evidence that the majority of this effect is mediated by the DosR-regulated protein MSMEG_3935 (a S30AE domain protein), which is associated with the ribosome under hypoxic conditions. A ?3935 mutant phenocopies the ?dosR mutant during hypoxia, and complementation of ?dosR with the MSMEG_3935 gene leads to complete recovery of dosR mutant phenotypes during hypoxia. We suggest that this protein is named ribosome-associated factor under hypoxia (RafH) and that it is the major factor responsible for DosR-mediated hypoxic survival in mycobacteria. PMID:22544737

Trauner, Andrej; Lougheed, Kathryn E A; Bennett, Mark H; Hingley-Wilson, Suzanne M; Williams, Huw D

2012-07-01

129

33 CFR 105.245 - Declaration of Security (DoS).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...for requesting a DoS and for handling DoS requests from a vessel. (b) At MARSEC Level 1, a facility receiving a cruise ship or a manned vessel carrying Certain Dangerous Cargo, in bulk, must comply with the following: (1)...

2013-07-01

130

Organic Geochemistry of the Angra dos Reis Marine Sediments: Aliphatic and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Angra dos Reis City, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, is an area of environmental interest due to the great tourist activity, mainly nautical. Also, Angra dos Reis is of economic importance based on its oil terminal, harbor, shipyard, and nuclear power plant. For this reason, the composition and levels of selected organic geochemical markers such as aliphatic hydrocarbons (total and

D. A. Azevedo; M. L. Gonçalves; D. B. Silva

2007-01-01

131

The DosR regulon of M. tuberculosis and antibacterial tolerance.  

PubMed

Adaptation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to an anaerobic dormant state that is tolerant to several antibacterials is mediated largely by a set of highly expressed genes controlled by DosR. A DosR mutant was constructed to investigate whether the DosR regulon is involved in antibacterial tolerance. We demonstrate that induction of the regulon is not required for drug tolerance either in vivo during a mouse infection or in vitro during anaerobic dormancy. Thus, drug tolerance observed in these models is due to other mechanisms such as the bacilli simply being in a non-replicating or low metabolic state. Our data also demonstrate that the DosR regulon is not essential for virulence during chronic murine infection. However, decreased lung pathology was observed in the DosR mutant. We also show that the DosR regulon genes are more highly conserved in environmental mycobacteria, than in pathogenic mycobacteria lacking a latent phase or environmental reservoir. It is possible that the DosR regulon could contribute to drug tolerance in human infections; however, it is not the only mechanism and not the primary mechanism for tolerance during a mouse infection. These data suggest that the regulon evolved not for pathogenesis or drug tolerance but for adaptation to anaerobic conditions in the environment and has been adapted by M. tuberculosis for survival during latent infection. PMID:19577518

Bartek, I L; Rutherford, R; Gruppo, V; Morton, R A; Morris, R P; Klein, M R; Visconti, K C; Ryan, G J; Schoolnik, G K; Lenaerts, A; Voskuil, M I

2009-07-01

132

The DosR regulon of M. tuberculosis and antibacterial tolerance  

PubMed Central

Summary Adaptation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to an anaerobic dormant state that is tolerant to several antibacterials is mediated largely by a set of highly expressed genes controlled by DosR. A DosR mutant was constructed to investigate whether the DosR regulon is involved in antibacterial tolerance. We demonstrate that induction of the regulon is not required for drug tolerance either in vivo during a mouse infection or in vitro during anaerobic dormancy. Thus, drug tolerance observed in these models is due to other mechanisms such as the bacilli simply being in a non-replicating or low metabolic state. Our data also demonstrate that the DosR regulon is not essential for virulence during chronic murine infection. However, decreased lung pathology was observed in the DosR mutant. We also show that the DosR regulon genes are more highly conserved in environmental mycobacteria, than in pathogenic mycobacteria lacking a latent phase or environmental reservoir. It is possible that the DosR regulon could contribute to drug tolerance in human infections; however, it is not the only mechanism and not the primary mechanism for tolerance during a mouse infection. These data suggest that the regulon evolved not for pathogenesis or drug tolerance but for adaptation to anaerobic conditions in the environment and has been adapted by M. tuberculosis for survival during latent infection.

Bartek, I.L.; Rutherford, R.; Gruppo, V.; Morton, R.A.; Morris, R.P.; Klein, M.R.; Visconti, K.C.; Ryan, G.J.; Schoolnik, G.K.; Lenaerts, A.; Voskuil, M.I.

2009-01-01

133

Calcium Isotopic Anomalies in the Allende CAIs and the Angrite Angra dos Reis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Both negative 48Ca and 50Ti anomalies of the Angrite Angra dos Reis was identified in this study, and the result supported previous study of correlated negative 54Cr and 50Ti anomalies in achondrites.

Chen, H. W.; Chen, J. C.; Lee, T.; Shen, J. J.

2010-03-01

134

DOS 21: PCDOS 2.0 Support Subroutine Package for the IBM Personal Computer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The DOS21 subroutine was developed to provide direct access to selected PCDOS 2.0 system calls from Supersoft FORTRAN. These system calls, which are normally available only from assembly language, allow the programmer greater capability when using Superso...

F. McGirt

1984-01-01

135

Measurements of degree of sensitization (DoS) in aluminum alloys using EMAT ultrasound.  

PubMed

Sensitization in 5XXX aluminum alloys is an insidious problem characterized by the gradual formation and growth of beta phase (Mg(2)Al(3)) at grain boundaries, which increases the susceptibility of alloys to intergranular corrosion (IGC) and intergranular stress-corrosion cracking (IGSCC). The degree of sensitization (DoS) is currently quantified by the ASTM G67 Nitric Acid Mass Loss Test, which is destructive and time consuming. A fast, reliable, and non-destructive method for rapid detection and the assessment of the condition of DoS in AA5XXX aluminum alloys in the field is highly desirable. In this paper, we describe a non-destructive method for measurements of DoS in aluminum alloys with an electromagnetic acoustic transducer (EMAT). AA5083 aluminum alloy samples were sensitized at 100°C with processing times varying from 7days to 30days. The DoS of sensitized samples was first quantified with the ASTM 67 test in the laboratory. Both ultrasonic velocity and attenuation in sensitized specimens were then measured using EMAT and the results were correlated with the DoS data. We found that the longitudinal wave velocity was almost a constant, independent of the sensitization, which suggests that the longitudinal wave can be used to determine the sample thickness. The shear wave velocity and especially the shear wave attenuation are sensitive to DoS. Relationships between DoS and the shear velocity, as well as the shear attenuation have been established. Finally, we performed the data mining to evaluate and improve the accuracy in the measurements of DoS in aluminum alloys with EMAT. PMID:21232777

Li, Fang; Xiang, Dan; Qin, Yexian; Pond, Robert B; Slusarski, Kyle

2011-07-01

136

Performance Sensitivities of Wireless Mesh Networks Under Path-Based DoS Attacks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the performance of wireless mesh networks (WMNs) under the impact of path-based denial of service (DoS) attacks. Specifically, we study the factors that are conducive to path-based DoS attacks, while focusing external interferences, medium errors, and physical diversity. We setup a wireless mesh testbed and configure a set of experiments to gather measurements and assess the effects

Avesh Kumar Agarwal; Wenye Wang

2009-01-01

137

Estudo sistematico dos campos hiperfinos em ligas de Heusler do tipo Rh(sub 2) YZ com impureza de (sup 119) Sn por espectroscopia Moessbauer. (Systematic study of hyperfine fields in Rh(sub 2) Y Z type Heusler alloys with (sup 119) Sn impurity using Moessbauer spectroscopy).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The magnetic hyperfine fields in the Heusler alloys Rh(sub 2) Mn (sub .98) Ge Sn (sub 02), Rh(sub 2) Mn Ge(sub .98) Sn(sub .02), Rh(sub 2) Mn Pb (sub .98) Sn (sub .02) and Rh(sub 2) Mn Sn has been studied by (sup 119) Sn Moessbauer spectroscopy at 293 K, ...

S. M. M. Ramos

1985-01-01

138

Non-invasive tissue temperature measurements based on quantitative diffuse optical spectroscopy (DOS) of water  

PubMed Central

We describe the development of a non-invasive method for quantitative tissue temperature measurements using Broadband diffuse optical spectroscopy (DOS). Our approach is based on well-characterized opposing shifts in near-infrared (NIR) water absorption spectra that appear with temperature and macromolecular binding state. Unlike conventional reflectance methods, DOS is used to generate scattering-corrected tissue water absorption spectra. This allows us to separate the macromolecular bound water contribution from the thermally induced spectral shift using the temperature isosbestic point at 996 nm. The method was validated in intralipid tissue phantoms by correlating DOS with thermistor measurements (R = 0.96) with a difference of 1.1 ± 0.91 °C over a range of 28–48 °C. Once validated, thermal and hemodynamic (i.e. oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin concentration) changes were measured simultaneously and continuously in human subjects (forearm) during mild cold stress. DOS-measured arm temperatures were consistent with previously reported invasive deep tissue temperature studies. These results suggest that DOS can be used for non-invasive, co-registered measurements of absolute temperature and hemoglobin parameters in thick tissues, a potentially important approach for optimizing thermal diagnostics and therapeutics.

Chung, SH; Cerussi, AE; Merritt, SI; Ruth, J; Tromberg, BJ

2012-01-01

139

Non-invasive tissue temperature measurements based on quantitative diffuse optical spectroscopy (DOS) of water  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the development of a non-invasive method for quantitative tissue temperature measurements using Broadband diffuse optical spectroscopy (DOS). Our approach is based on well-characterized opposing shifts in near-infrared (NIR) water absorption spectra that appear with temperature and macromolecular binding state. Unlike conventional reflectance methods, DOS is used to generate scattering-corrected tissue water absorption spectra. This allows us to separate the macromolecular bound water contribution from the thermally induced spectral shift using the temperature isosbestic point at 996 nm. The method was validated in intralipid tissue phantoms by correlating DOS with thermistor measurements (R = 0.96) with a difference of 1.1 ± 0.91 °C over a range of 28-48 °C. Once validated, thermal and hemodynamic (i.e. oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin concentration) changes were measured simultaneously and continuously in human subjects (forearm) during mild cold stress. DOS-measured arm temperatures were consistent with previously reported invasive deep tissue temperature studies. These results suggest that DOS can be used for non-invasive, co-registered measurements of absolute temperature and hemoglobin parameters in thick tissues, a potentially important approach for optimizing thermal diagnostics and therapeutics.

Chung, S. H.; Cerussi, A. E.; Merritt, S. I.; Ruth, J.; Tromberg, B. J.

2010-07-01

140

A Double Layers Detection for DoS Based on the Danger Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

As one of the most common network attacks, denial of service (DoS) usually uses reasonable service requests to take excessive computing and network resources, thus causes the legitimate users to be unable to obtain the service responses. But now little research has performed within the area. This aim of the paper is to develop a double layers detection system for

Junmin Zhang; Yiwen Liang

2009-01-01

141

Identificação dos vegetais destinados a ornamentação de praças, parques e creches em Campina Grande, PB  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO O Horto Florestal Lauro Pires Xavier, situado às margens do açude de Bodocongó, em Campina Grande-PB é uma importante unidade mantida pela prefeitura no sentido de preservação e conservação de espécies. Através do viveiro, o município tem condição de aumentar as áreas verdes, proporcionando lazer e bem estar à população. Esse trabalho tem como tema à identificação dos vegetais

Mário Luiz Farias Cavalcanti; Ivan Coelho Dantas; Giselle Medeiros da Costa Silva; Luciana de Luna Costa; Maria José Benício Barros; Ronny Soffiantini Lira

142

Model-Checking DoS Amplification for VoIP Session Initiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current techniques for the formal modeling analysis of DoS attacks do not adequately deal with amplication attacks that may tar- get a complex distributed system as a whole rather than a specic server. Such threats have emerged for important applications such as the VoIP Session Initiation Protocol (SIP). We demonstrate a model- checking technique for nding amplication threats using a

Ravinder Shankesi; Musab Alturki; Ralf Sasse; Carl A. Gunter; José Meseguer

2009-01-01

143

Regulação Econômica e a Expansão dos Serviços de Distribuição de Gás Natural Canalizado no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Esta dissertação trata da questão da regulação do setor de distribuição de gás natural canalizado no Brasil e as implicações que uma política de expansão dos serviços tem na regulação ótima. A primeira parte faz uma análise institucional do setor de distribuição de gás natural, identificando o papel da regulação no mesmo. A segunda parte é uma breve resenha sobre

Pablo Aurélio Lacerda de Almeida

144

Aplicacao das Redes Neuronais Artificiais a Deteccao dos Mercados Euronext Mais Rentaveis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Com este estudo investigasse a possibilidade de utilizacao de uma rede neuronial artificial na deteccao dos mercados de accoes da Euronext que proporcionam a melhor rendibilidade diaria. A rede, treinada com o algoritmo de Levenberg-Marquardt, recomenda a um investidor hipotetico a escolha do Indice de precos representativo do mercado que se preve que maior rendibilidade oferece no dia de negociacao

Paulo Horta; Carlos Mendes

2007-01-01

145

Porting a Complex Machine Tool Error Compensation System from Microsoft DOS to Microsoft Windows NT.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes the porting of a manufacturing quality control system from PC-type computers operating on Microsoft DOS, Microsoft Windows 95, and IBM OS/2, to updated PCs operating on Microsoft Windows NT. The changes included adapting the control ...

H. T. Bandy M. A. Domez L. A. Welsch

2001-01-01

146

Infrared and Isotopic Evidence for Diagenesis of Bone Apatite at Dos Pilas, Guatemala: Palaeodietary Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of stable carbon isotopic analysis of bone apatite to reconstruct prehistoric diets is hindered by the possibility of diagenetic alteration of carbonate during burial. We examine apatite preservation in Classic Period Maya skeletal remains from Dos Pilas, Guatemala, using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). We use weight % CO2evolved from apatite, FTIR carbonate\\/phosphate absorbance ratios, phosphate peak splitting

Lori E. Wright; Henry P. Schwarcz

1996-01-01

147

Distillation Codes and Applications to DoS Resistant Multicast Authentication  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: We introduce distillation codes, a method for streamingand storing data. Like erasure codes, distillation codesallow information to be decoded from a sufficiently largequorum of symbols. In contrast to erasure codes, distillationcodes are robust against pollution attacks, a powerfulclass of denial of service (DoS) attacks in which adversariesinject invalid symbols during the decoding process.We examine applications of distillation codes to

Chris Karlof; Naveen Sastry; Yaping Li; Adrian Perrig; J. D. Tygar

2004-01-01

148

Influência do óleo de linhaça sobre o desempenho e a qualidade dos ovos de poedeiras semipesadas  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO - O experimento foi conduzido para avaliar a influência da adição de óleo de linhaça em substituição ao óleo de soja em rações para poedeiras semipesadas sobre o desempenho e a qualidade interna e externa dos ovos. Utilizaram-se 192 poedeiras da linhagem Bovans Godline com 29 semanas de idade, distribuídas em seis tratamentos, que consistiram de uma dieta controle

Fernando Guilherme Perazzo Costa; Janete Gouveia de Souza; José Humberto Vilar da Silva; Carlos Bôa-Viagem Rabello; Cláudia de Castro Goulart; Raul da Cunha Lima Neto

2008-01-01

149

Sedimentation survey of Lago Dos Bocas, Utuado, Puerto Rico, January 2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Lago Dos Bocas reservoir was completed in 1942 to provide water for hydroelectric power generation along the northern coast of Puerto Rico. The reservoir had an original storage capacity of 37.50 million cubic meters (Mm3). The dam is located about 9 kilometers (km) northeast of the town of Utuado, immediately downstream of the original confluence of the Río Grande de Arecibo and the Río Caonillas (fig. 1). The Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA) owns and operates the Lago Dos Bocas reservoir, and since 1996, the reservoir has become an essential part of the Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority (PRASA) North Coast Superaqueduct Project. The Superaqueduct is supplied by controlled releases for hydroelectric power generation that replenish the public-supply raw-water intake pool located about 10 km downstream from the Lago Dos Bocas Dam (fig. 1). As of 2005, the Superaqueduct supplies about 4.03 cubic meters per second (m3/s) (348,192 cubic meters per day [m3/d]) of potable water to communities along the northern coast, from Arecibo to the San Juan metropolitan area. Because of the importance of the reservoir to the North Coast Superaqueduct, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), in cooperation with PRASA, conducted a sedimentation survey of Lago Dos Bocas in January 2009. The results of this survey were used to estimate the useful life and the firm yield of the reservoir, and evaluate the need to dredge the reservoir.

Soler-Lopez, Luis R.

2014-01-01

150

Levantamento dos Fatores Limitantes da Produtividade Leiteira na Regi- ão de Anápolis-Go  

Microsoft Academic Search

O presente trabalho foi realizado no município de Anápolis-GO no mês de julho de 1995. Consistiu de uma avaliação da atividade pecuária em fazendas leiteiras com o objetivo de, através da análise dos principais índices zootécnicos, determinar quais os fatores limitantes para o aumento da produtividade. Constou da aplicação de um questionário de levantamento sócio-econômico da produção em uma amostra

EDMUNDO BENEDETTI; RENAN RODRIGUES DE CARVALHO

151

A relação entre escolaridade e ocupação dos jovens no Distrito Federal: Uma análise socioespacial  

Microsoft Academic Search

A ocupação territorial no Distrito Federal (DF) é marcada pela segregação socioespacial. Por conta da segregação, a dinâmica interna de ocupação originou uma organização espacial diferenciada das demais cidades do país, na qual a restrição à população é visível aos olhos, embora não se deixe desvelar totalmente. A concentração dos postos de trabalho no Plano Piloto e a exigência cada

Sílvia Silva; Cavalcante Leite; Karla Christina; Batista de França

152

In silico analysis of DosR regulon proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.  

PubMed

One of the challenges faced by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) in dormancy is hypoxia. DosR/DevR of M. tuberculosis is a two component dormancy survival response regulator which induces the expression of 48 genes. In this study, we have used DosR regulon proteins of M. tuberculosis H37Rv as the query set and performed a comprehensive homology search against the non-redundant database. Homologs were found in environmental mycobacteria, environmental bacteria and archaebacteria. Analysis of genomic context of DosR regulon revealed that they are distributed as nine blocks in the genome of M. tuberculosis with many transposases and integrases in their vicinity. Further, we classified DosR regulon proteins into eight functional categories. One of the hypothetical proteins Rv1998c could probably be a methylisocitrate lyase or a phosphonomutase. Another hypothetical protein, Rv0572 was found only in mycobacteria. Insights gained in this study can potentially aid in the development of novel therapeutic interventions. PMID:22759512

Selvaraj, Suganya; Sambandam, Vaishnavi; Sardar, Dipasri; Anishetty, Sharmila

2012-09-10

153

33 CFR 104.255 - Declaration of Security (DoS).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... (b) At MARSEC Level 1, the Master or Vessel Security Officer (VSO), or their designated representative, of any cruise ship or manned vessel carrying Certain Dangerous Cargoes, in bulk, must complete and sign a DoS with the VSO or...

2013-07-01

154

Estado da Arte para Solução dos Problemas Vibroacústica por Métodos Numéricos  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the fundamentals of the numerical methods used in the acoustics and vibration fields as; Finite Elements Methods (FEM), Boundary Element Methods (BEM), Acoustic Rays, and Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA). State of arts and trend for future methods are presented. Some results are presented for practical study cases. RESUMO Neste trabalho serão apresentados os fundamentos dos métodos numéricos

Palestra Convidado; REFERÊNCIA PACS; Samir N. Y. Gerges

155

Sedimentation History of Lago Dos Bocas, Puerto Rico, 1942-2005  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Lago Dos Bocas Dam, located in the municipality of Utuado in north central Puerto Rico, was constructed in 1942 for hydroelectric power generation. The reservoir had an original storage capacity of 37.50 million cubic meters and a drainage area of 440 square kilometers. In 1948, the construction of the Lago Caonillas Dam on the Rio Caonillas branch of Lago Dos Bocas reduced the natural sediment-contributing drainage area to 310 square kilometers; therefore, the Lago Caonillas Dam is considered an effective sediment trap. Sedimentation in Lago Dos Bocas reservoir has reduced the storage capacity from 37.50 million cubic meters in 1942 to 17.26 million cubic meters in 2005, which represents a storage loss of about 54 percent. The long-term annual water-storage capacity loss rate remained nearly constant at about 320,000 cubic meters per year to about 1997. The inter-survey sedimentation rate between 1997 and 1999, however, is higher than the long-term rate at about 1.09 million cubic meters per year. Between 1999 and 2005 the rate is lower than the long-term rate at about 0.13 million cubic meters per year. The Lago Dos Bocas effective sediment-contributing drainage area had an average sediment yield of about 1,400 cubic meters per square kilometer per year between 1942 and 1997. This rate increased substantially by 1999 to about 4,600 cubic meters per square kilometer per year, probably resulting from the historical magnitude floods caused by Hurricane Georges in 1998. Recent data indicate that the Lago Dos Bocas drainage area sediment yield decreased substantially to about 570 cubic meters per square kilometer per year, which is much lower than the 1942-1997 area normalized sedimentation rate of 1,235 cubic meters per square kilometer per year. The impact of Hurricane Georges on the basin sediment yield could have been the cause of this change, since the magnitude of the floods could have nearly depleted the Lago Dos Bocas drainage area of easily erodible and transportable bed sediment. This report summarizes the historical change in water-storage capacity of Lago Dos Bocas between 1942 and 2005.

Soler-Lopez, Luis R.

2007-01-01

156

Análise dos Conceitos Astronômicos Apresentados por Professores de Algumas Escolas Estaduais Brasileiras  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A razão para o desenvolvimento deste trabalho baseia-se no fato de que muitos professores da Educação Básica (EB) não lidam com conceitos relacionados à astronomia, e quando o fazem eles simplesmente seguem livros didáticos que podem conter erros conceituais. Como é de conhecimento geral a astronomia é um dos conteúdos a serem ensinados na EB fazendo parte dos Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais e das Propostas Curriculares do Estado de São Paulo, mas é um fato, que vários pesquisadores apontam, a existência de muitos problemas no ensino da astronomia. Com o propósito de minimizar algumas dessas deficiências foi realizado um trabalho de pesquisa com a utilização de questionários pré e pós pesquisa, para tanto foi desenvolvido um Curso de Extensão Universitária para professores da Diretoria de Ensino Regional (DE) que abrange Mauá, Ribeirão Pires e Rio Grande da Serra (no Estado de São Paulo) com os seguintes objetivos: levantar concepções alternativas; subsidiar os professores por meio de palestras, debates e workshops, e verificar o sucesso da aprendizagem após o curso, adotando-se como referência, para a análise dos resultados, os dicionários de Língua Portuguesa (FERREIRA, 2004) e Enciclopédico de Astronomia e Astronáutica (MOUR?O, 1995). Portanto, dezesseis questões foram aplicadas antes e após o curso, assim pode-se verificar após a pesquisa que 100,0% dos professores sabiam os nomes das fases da Lua, 97,0% entenderam que o Sistema Solar é composto por oito planetas, 78,1% foram capazes de explicar como ocorre um eclipse lunar, um eclipse solar e um solstício, 72,7% sabiam como explicar a ocorrência das estações do ano; 64,5% explicaram corretamente a ocorrência do equinócio, 89,7% foram capazes de definir adequadamente o termo cometa; 63,6% definiram asteróide, 54,5% meteoro, 58,1% galáxia, e 42,4% planeta. Os resultados obtidos indicam uma aprendizagem significativa por parte dos participantes.

Voelzke, Marcos Rincon; Gonzaga, Edson Pereira

2011-12-01

157

Estrutura, Evolucao e Dinamica dos Sistemas Agroalimentares e Cadeias Agroindustriais Analise das estrategias de posicionamento e diferenciacao dos produtos no mercado a partir do caso da empresa Bertin alimentos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Análise das estratégias de posicionamento e diferenciação dos produtos no mercado a partir do caso da empresa Bertin alimentos que é muito competitivo, tanto local, regional, quanto nacional. A proposta do artigo é mostrar como algumas estratégias adotadas pela empresa foram bem sucedidas e diferenciam seus produtos das ofertas concorrentes, adquirindo assim, características desejadas pela maioria dos consumidores. --------------------------------------------------------------- With

Ronney Marcio Faial Silva; Gisleide Lima da Silva; Maria Do Rosario Alves Pereira; Cyntia Meireles de Oliveira; Daniel Ferreira da Silva

2008-01-01

158

First report of White spot syndrome virus in farmed and wild penaeid shrimp from lagoa dos patos estuary, southern brazil  

PubMed Central

In this study, we detected White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in wild Farfantepenaeus paulensis collected in the Lagoa dos Patos estuary and cultivated Litopenaeus vannamei. This is the first report of WSSV in F. paulensis from Lagoa dos Patos and farmed L. vannamei shrimps in Rio Grande do Sul.

Cavalli, Lissandra Souto; Romano, Luis Alberto; Marins, Luis Fernando; Abreu, Paulo Cesar

2011-01-01

159

Effect of modulation frequency bandwidth on measurement accuracy and precision for digital diffuse optical spectroscopy (dDOS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Near-infrared (NIR) frequency-domain Diffuse Optical Spectroscopy (DOS) is an emerging technology with a growing number of potential clinical applications. In an effort to reduce DOS system complexity and improve portability, we recently demonstrated a direct digital sampling method that utilizes digital signal generation and detection as a replacement for more traditional analog methods. In our technique, a fast analog-to-digital converter (ADC) samples the detected time-domain radio frequency (RF) waveforms at each modulation frequency in a broad-bandwidth sweep (50- 300MHz). While we have shown this method provides comparable results to other DOS technologies, the process is data intensive as digital samples must be stored and processed for each modulation frequency and wavelength. We explore here the effect of reducing the modulation frequency bandwidth on the accuracy and precision of extracted optical properties. To accomplish this, the performance of the digital DOS (dDOS) system was compared to a gold standard network analyzer based DOS system. With a starting frequency of 50MHz, the input signal of the dDOS system was swept to 100, 150, 250, or 300MHz in 4MHz increments and results were compared to full 50-300MHz networkanalyzer DOS measurements. The average errors in extracted ?a and ?s' with dDOS were lowest for the full 50-300MHz sweep (less than 3%) and were within 3.8% for frequency bandwidths as narrow as 50-150MHz. The errors increased to as much as 9.0% when a bandwidth of 50-100MHz was tested. These results demonstrate the possibility for reduced data collection with dDOS without critical compensation of optical property extraction.

Jung, Justin; Istfan, Raeef; Roblyer, Darren

2014-03-01

160

Determinação de elementos próprios dos asteróides troianos: comparação entre as teorias semi-analítica e sintética  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Além do cálculo semi-analítico de elementos próprios dos asteróides Troianos (Beaugé & Roig 2001, Icarus 153, 391), recentemente foi apresentado um novo conjunto destes elementos próprios determinado através de uma teoria sintética (Knenezevic & Milani 2003, comunicação pessoal). As bases de dados contendo estas determinações estão disponiveis na pagina web do Asteroid Dynamical Site (http://hamilton.dm.unipi.it/cgi-bin/astdys/astibo). Nesta comunicação apresentamos os primeiros resultados de um estudo comparativo entre ambos conjuntos de elementos próprios, analisando suas vantagens e desvantagens, assim como os limites de precisão de cada conjunto. Mostramos que os elementos próprios sintéticos são mais precisos que os smi-analíticos para grandes amplitudes de libração do ângulo s = l-lJup, embora acontece o contrario para os corpos cuja amplitude de libração é muito pequena. Finalmente discutimos a influencia destes erros na determinação de familias de asteroides e da estrutura resonante em torno dos pontos Lagrangeanos L4 e L5.

Roig, F.; Beaugé, C.

2003-08-01

161

Trace Element Distribution Between Olivine and Kirschsteinite in Angra Dos Reis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The angrites are a small and enigmatic group of basaltic achondrites that possess unique mineralogical and chemical properties. The dominant mineralogy of the seven angrite members (Angra dos Reis, LEW 86010, LEW 87051, Asuka 881371, Sahara 99555, D Orbigny, and a new Moroccan member) is fassaite, olivine, and plagioclase. Angrites display a wide range of thermal histories, with Angra dos Reis (AdoR) exhibiting a cooling history different from that of the rapidly cooled members and from LEW86010, a more slowly cooled member. AdoR could represent either a cumulate or a porphyritic igneous rock that was later altered by metamorphism. We are re-examining the thermal history of AdoR in light of the more recently described angrite members. Our emphasis is a trace element study of low-Ca olivine, which we refer to as olivine, and high-Ca olivine, which we refer to as kirschsteinite, in AdoR.

Fittipaldo, M. M.; Jones, R. H.; Shearer, C. K.

2003-01-01

162

An alternate hypothesis for the origin of Angra dos Reis - Porphyry, not cumulate  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Angra dos Reis achondrite is a unique meteorite of potentially great importance for understanding the origins of the solar system and of the terrestrial planets. It is proposed that the meteorite, which consists of megacrysts of Al-Ti augite (fassaite) in skeletal or cellular shapes, olivine, and possibly whitlockite in a fine-grained groundmass of the same materials plus spinel, is a porphyritic igneous rock modified by metamorphism. In this interpretation, the megacrysts represent cellular-textured phenocrysts, and the fine-grain groundmass represents crystallized or devitrified magma. Phase equilibria suggest that Angra dos Reis-like compositions could grow phenocrysts of fassaite pyroxene, olivine, and whitlockite. These same compositions could crystallize, without crystal sorting or accumulation, to an almost monomineralic fassaite pyroxenite.

Treiman, A. H.

1989-01-01

163

Protecting Web Services against DoS Attacks: A Case-Based Reasoning Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The real-time detection is a key factor to detect and block DoS attacks within Web services. DoS attacks can be generated for different techniques that take advantage of points vulnerable within Web services. This paper describes a novel proposal based on a real time agent to classify user requests and detect and block malicious SOAP messages. The classification mechanism is based on a Case-Base Reasoning (CBR) model, where the different CBR phases are time bounded. Within the reuse phase of the CBR cycle is incorporated a mixture of experts to choose the most suitable technique of classification depending on the feature of the attack and the available time to solve the classification. A prototype of the architecture was developed and the results obtained are presented in this study.

Pinzón, Cristian; de Paz, Juan F.; Zato, Carolina; Pérez, Javier

164

"Click, Click, Cyclize": A DOS Approach to Sultams Utilizing Vinyl Sulfonamide Linchpins  

PubMed Central

A diversity-oriented synthesis (DOS) strategy termed “Click, Click, Cyclize” is reported. This approach relies on functional group (FG) pairing between a vinyl sulfonamide and an array of functional groups to synthesize skeletally diverse sultams. Several FG pairing pathways on central tertiary vinyl sulfonamide linchpins have been developed including intramolecular Heck, aza-Michael, ring-closing enyne metathesis, Pauson—Khand, and chemoselective oxidation/Baylis—Hillman reactions.

Zhou, Aihua; Rayabarapu, Dinesh; Hanson, Paul R.

2009-01-01

165

Sm-Nd-Pu timepieces in the Angra DOS Reis meteorite  

Microsoft Academic Search

Isotope ratios and age estimations are presented for the ultramafic pyroxenite Angra dos Reis meteorite. A pyroxene-phosphate internal isochron age of 4.55 plus or minus 0.04 eons was obtained, in agreement with reported Pb-Pb ages. It is suggested that Sm-146 decay led to an increase in the ratio of Nd-142 to Nd-144 in pyroxene, which is greater than the ratio

G. W. Lugmair; K. Marti

1977-01-01

166

Investigação dos perfís temporais de alta resolução de explosões solares tipo-III decimétricas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Explosões solares tipo-III indicam a presença de feixes de elétrons acelerados durante "flares" solares. Sua investigação fornece informações tanto sobre os processos de aceleração de partículas quanto das características do agente causador e do local de aceleração. Explosões tipo-III decimétricas são geradas por feixes de elétrons viajando através de arcos magnéticos densos da baixa coroa solar. Os perfís temporais destes fenômenos, quando tomados com alta resolução, informam sobre os mecanismos de aceleração de partículas do feixe e o meio de transporte da energia liberada a partir da região de aceleração. Usando o Brazilian Solar Spectroscope (BSS), em operação no INPE, foram registradas dezenas de explosões tipo-III decimétricas, dentro da faixa de 2050-2250 MHz com alta resolução temporal (20 ms), em 13 de setembro de 2001, entre 13:00 e 16:10 UT. Foram selecionadas 10 explosões isoladas para uma investigação estatística detalhada de seus perfís temporais, em todos os cerca de 50 canais de freqüência. Os resultados indicam que cerca de 70% dos perfís temporais são complexos tanto durante a subida quanto descida. Os 30% restantes indicam que os perfís da subida podem ser bem representados, na maioria dos casos, por um processo não-linear e uma parcela significativa por processos lineares. Os perfís temporais da descida são dominados por um decaimento não-linear. Neste trabalho, será efetuada uma análise dos perfís temporais, tanto durante a subida quanto descida do fluxo, para as explosões selecionadas, em termos dos prováveis mecanismos de aceleração e relaxamento. 2

Cecatto, J. R.; Fernandes, F. C. R.; Sawant, H. S.; Madsen, F. R. H.

2003-08-01

167

CARACTERIZAÇÃO DOS ASPECTOS E IMPACTOS ECONÔMICOS, SOCIAIS E AMBIENTAIS DO SETOR SUCROALCOOLEIRO PAULISTA  

Microsoft Academic Search

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo a caracterização dos aspectos e impactos econômicos, sociais e ambientais da monocultura da cana-de-açúcar. Isso servirá para que posteriormente se possa fazer um estudo sobre os impactos que a monocultura da cana acarretará a região de Tupã\\/SP. Em sua confecção foram consultados sites governamentais, teses e dissertações como também bibliografia pertinente ao tema. Os

Rafael Pazeto Alvarenga; Timoteo Ramos Queiroz

2008-01-01

168

A Comparison of Three LISP Interpreters for MS-DOS-Based Microcomputers  

PubMed Central

We report a comparison of three commercially available LISP interpreters running on MS-DOS-based microcomputers. Marked differences were found between the different products' memory addressing abilities, error handling and debugging facilities. Editing tools, tutoring environments, windowing, graphic capabilities, operating system and port call facilities are also contrasted. Speed was tested via a group of LISP functions (benchmarks) that attempt to isolate list manipulation, iteration, function calling, recursion and mathematical calculation performance.

Kahane, Stephen N.; Johannes, Richard S.

1985-01-01

169

DOS NUEVOS SINTÁXONES RUPÍCOLAS BILBILITANOS, REFUGIO DE ENDEMISMOS DE ÁREA RESTRINGIDA  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN: Se describen y caracterizan dos nuevos sintáxones correspondientes a co- munidades rupícolas silicícolas bilbilitanas: Centaureo pinnatae-Dianthetum lusitani ass. nov. (con óptimo en bioclima mesomediterráneo seco-subhúmedo) y Hieracio schmidtii- Dianthetum lusitani biscutelletosum bilbilitanae subass. nov. (con óptimo en bioclima su- pra-oromediterráneo seco-subhúmedo). Se discuten sus afinidades sintaxonómicas y se aportan datos referentes a su importancia como refugio de endemismos de

Manuel B. CRESPO; José Luis SOLANAS; Elena CAMUÑAS

1999-01-01

170

Vientos estelares MHD en campos magnéticos difusivos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article generalizes the analytic class of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) solutions introduced by Low and Tsinganos (1986) for rotating, axisymmetric, steady stellar outflows embedded in partially open magnetic fields. The goal of this work is to analyze the case of finite conductivity plasmas, that is, diffusive fields, partially because the traditional infinite conductivity treatment (see, for example, Trussoni & Tsinganos, 1993; Rotstein & Ferro Fontán, 1995) leads to a vanishing equatorial velocity of the wind. This treatment introduces a new class of solutions basically because now surfaces of constant mass flux do not necessarily coincide with surfaces of constant magnetic flux. Say in other words, under the finite conductivity assumption velocity field is not necessarily parallel to magnetic field up to a rigid rotation of each individual flux surface, that is, magnetic and velocity fields are now decoupled. Nevertheless, the inclusion of diffusive fields and rotation still poses a mathematical formidable problem. For this reason some idealizations are needed in order to keep the treatment in an amenable level. But unlike the infinite conductivity analysis we can not, in this case, prescribe the magnetic field configuration, but to autoconsistently solve it as an unknown of the problem. On the other hand, we do not need now to fix the location of any singular ``point" (corresponding to the surfaces where the flow matches the velocity of three MHD modes) because magnetic and velocity fields are precisely decoupled. In a first step, some simple although plausible flux distributions are analyzed, as well as the thermodynamics of the problem.

Rotstein, N.

171

Estudo das influencias da implantacao da usina nuclear em Angra dos Reis (Angra-1). (Study of the influences of Angra-1 nuclear power plant construction in Angra dos Reis).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents a comprehensive evaluation of the influence caused by Angra-1 Nuclear Power Plants (Central Nuclear Almirante Alvaro Alberto) construction on the Angra dos Reis City - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil. The analysis performed adopts a multi-dime...

L. Ferreira Netto

1982-01-01

172

OptaDOS: A tool for obtaining density of states, core-level and optical spectra from electronic structure codes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present OptaDOS, a program for calculating core-electron and low-loss electron energy loss spectra (EELS) and optical spectra along with total-, projected- and joint-density of electronic states (DOS) from single-particle eigenenergies and dipole transition coefficients. Energy-loss spectroscopy is an important tool for probing bonding within a material. Interpreting these spectra can be aided by first principles calculations. The spectra are generated from the eigenenergies through integration over the Brillouin zone. An important feature of this code is that this integration is performed using a choice of adaptive or linear extrapolation broadening methods which we show produces higher accuracy spectra than standard fixed-width Gaussian broadening. OptaDOS  may be straightforwardly interfaced to any electronic structure code. OptaDOS  is freely available under the GNU General Public licence from http://www.optados.org.

Morris, Andrew J.; Nicholls, Rebecca J.; Pickard, Chris J.; Yates, Jonathan R.

2014-05-01

173

Using 4DOS Batch Files To Create an Infrastructure That Makes It Easy for Students To Create and Maintain HTML Web Pages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the use of simple 4DOS batch files to automate the creation and maintenance of an infrastructure to assist students in creating and maintaining HTML World Wide Web pages. Background is provided on Web pages, DOS, 4DOS, and batch files. The assumptions made in creating the infrastructure are summarized, and program statements…

Snyder, Robin M.

174

Age and isotopic relationships among the angrites Lewis Cliff 86010 and Angra dos Reis  

SciTech Connect

Results of a wide-ranging isotopic investigation of the unique Antarctican angrite LEW-86010 (LEW) are presented, together with a reassessment of the type angrite Angra dos Reis (ADOR). The principal objectives of this study are to obtain precise radiometric ages, initial Sr isotopic compositions, and to search for the erstwhile presence of the short-lived nuclei {sup 146}Sm and {sup 26}Al via their daughter products. The isotopic compositions of Sm, U, Ca, and Ti were also measured. This allows a detailed appraisal to be made of the relations between, and the genealogy of, these two angrites.

Lugmair, G.W. (Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla (United States)); Galer, S.J.G. (Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla (United States) Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Chemie, Mainz (West Germany))

1992-04-01

175

Studies of Brazilian meteorites. III - Origin and history of the Angra dos Reis achondrite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The mineral composition of the Angra dos Reis meteorite, which fell in 1869, is described. This achondrite contains phases reported in a meteorite for the first time. Petrofabric analysis shows that fassaite has a preferred orientation and lineation, which is interpreted as being due to cumulus processes, possibly the effect of post-depositional magmatic current flow or laminar flow of a crystalline mush. The mineral chemistry indicates crystallization from a highly silica-undersaturated melt at low pressure. Several aspects of the mineral composition are discussed with reference to the implications of crystallization conditions.

Prinz, M.; Keil, K.; Hlava, P. F.; Berkley, J. L.; Gomes, C. B.; Curvello, W. S.

1977-01-01

176

Rv3133c/dosR is a transcription factor that mediates the hypoxic response of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.  

PubMed

Unlike many pathogens that are overtly harmful to their hosts, Mycobacterium tuberculosis can persist for years within humans in a clinically latent state. Latency is often linked to hypoxic conditions within the host. Among M. tuberculosis genes induced by hypoxia is a putative transcription factor, Rv3133c/DosR. We performed targeted disruption of this locus followed by transcriptome analysis of wild-type and mutant bacilli. Nearly all the genes powerfully regulated by hypoxia require Rv3133c/DosR for their induction. Computer analysis identified a consensus motif, a variant of which is located upstream of nearly all M. tuberculosis genes rapidly induced by hypoxia. Further, Rv3133c/DosR binds to the two copies of this motif upstream of the hypoxic response gene alpha-crystallin. Mutations within the binding sites abolish both Rv3133c/DosR binding as well as hypoxic induction of a downstream reporter gene. Also, mutation experiments with Rv3133c/DosR confirmed sequence-based predictions that the C-terminus is responsible for DNA binding and that the aspartate at position 54 is essential for function. Together, these results demonstrate that Rv3133c/DosR is a transcription factor of the two-component response regulator class, and that it is the primary mediator of a hypoxic signal within M. tuberculosis. PMID:12694625

Park, Heui-Dong; Guinn, Kristi M; Harrell, Maria I; Liao, Reiling; Voskuil, Martin I; Tompa, Martin; Schoolnik, Gary K; Sherman, David R

2003-05-01

177

Perfil de temperatura dos funis magnetosféricos de estrelas T Tauri com aquecimento alfvênico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Estrelas T Tauri Clássicas são objetos jovens circundados por discos de gás e poeira e que apresentam uma intensa atividade magnética. Seu espectro mostra linhas de emissão alargadas que são razoavelmente reproduzidas nos modelos de acresção magnetosférica. No entanto, o perfil de temperatura dos funis magnéticos é desconhecido. Aquecimento magnético compressional e difusão ambipolar foram considerados para estas estruturas, porém as temperaturas obtidas não são suficientes para explicar as observações. Neste trabalho, examinamos o aquecimento gerado pelo amortecimento de ondas Alfvén através de quatro mecanismos, os amortecimentos não-linear, turbulento, viscoso-resistivo e colisional como função da freqüência da onda. Inicialmente, a temperatura é ajustada para reproduzir as observações e o grau de turbulência requerido para que o mecanismo seja viável é calculado. Os resultados mostram que este é compatível com os dados observacionais. Apresentam-se, também, resultados preliminares do cálculo auto-consistente do perfil de temperatura dos funis, levando-se em conta fontes de aquecimento Alfvênica e fontes de resfriamento.

Vasconcelos, M. J.

2003-08-01

178

Reproductive Dynamics of Sterna hirundinacea Lesson, 1831 in Ilha dos Cardos, Santa Catarina, Brazil  

PubMed Central

In this work, we intend to describe the reproductive dynamics of Sterna hirundinacea in an island from South Brazil. We studied the reproductive biology of this species in its natural environment and provide data on their growth, survival, and reproductive success in Ilha dos Cardos, Santa Catarina, South Brazil. Samplings were carried out daily on the island throughout the reproductive seasons of 2003, 2005, and 2006 and the different stages of development of the chicks were characterized according to age, length of the beak, and plumage characteristics. We provide a basic equation Lm = 167.91?(1 ? e?0.062t?(?0.23)) to determine the approximate age of individuals using their body mass. The main cause of chick mortality on the island was natural (63.17% in 2003, 81.41% in 2005, and 79.96% in 2006), whereas predation contributed to mortality in a proportion of 38.83% in 2003, 18.59% in 2005, and 20.04% in 2006. The absence in the area of the chicks' main predator, Kelp gull (Larus dominicanus), the large number of chicks that reached the final stages of development, and their reproductive success demonstrate that Ilha dos Cardos is an important breeding site for the species in southern Brazil.

Fracasso, Helio Augusto Alves; Branco, Joaquim Olinto; Efe, Marcio Amorim

2014-01-01

179

Crystal Structures of the Response Regulator DosR From Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Suggest a Helix Rearrangement Mechanism for Phosphorylation Activation  

SciTech Connect

The response regulator DosR is essential for promoting long-term survival of Mycobacterium tuberculosis under low oxygen conditions in a dormant state and may be responsible for latent tuberculosis in one-third of the world's population. Here, we report crystal structures of full-length unphosphorylated DosR at 2.2 {angstrom} resolution and its C-terminal DNA-binding domain at 1.7 {angstrom} resolution. The full-length DosR structure reveals several features never seen before in other response regulators. The N-terminal domain of the full-length DosR structure has an unexpected ({beta}{alpha}){sub 4} topology instead of the canonical ({beta}{alpha}){sub 5} fold observed in other response regulators. The linker region adopts a unique conformation that contains two helices forming a four-helix bundle with two helices from another subunit, resulting in dimer formation. The C-terminal domain in the full-length DosR structure displays a novel location of helix {alpha}10, which allows Gln199 to interact with the catalytic Asp54 residue of the N-terminal domain. In contrast, the structure of the DosR C-terminal domain alone displays a remarkable unstructured conformation for helix {alpha}10 residues, different from the well-defined helical conformations in all other known structures, indicating considerable flexibility within the C-terminal domain. Our structures suggest a mode of DosR activation by phosphorylation via a helix rearrangement mechanism.

Wisedchaisri, G.; Wu, M.; Sherman, D.R.; Hol, W.G.J.

2009-05-26

180

CRL4-like Clr4 complex in Schizosaccharomyces pombe depends on an exposed surface of Dos1 for heterochromatin silencing.  

PubMed

Repressive histone H3 lysine 9 methylation (H3K9me) and its recognition by HP1 proteins are necessary for pericentromeric heterochromatin formation. In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, H3K9me deposition depends on the RNAi pathway. Cryptic loci regulator 4 (Clr4), the only known H3K9 methyltransferase in this organism, is a subunit of the Clr4 methyltransferase complex (CLRC), whose composition is reminiscent of a CRL4 type cullin-RING ubiquitin ligase (CRL) including its cullin Cul4, the RING-box protein Pip1, the DNA damage binding protein 1 homolog Rik1, and the DCAF-like protein delocalization of Swi6 1 (Dos1). Dos2 and Stc1 have been proposed to be part of the complex but do not bear similarity to canonical ubiquitin ligase components. CLRC is an active E3 ligase in vitro, and this activity is necessary for heterochromatin assembly in vivo. The similarity between CLRC and the CRLs suggests that the WD repeat protein Dos1 will act to mediate target recognition and substrate specificity for CLRC. Here, we present a pairwise interaction screen that confirms a CRL4-like subunit arrangement and further identifies Dos2 as a central component of the complex and recruiter of Stc1. We determined the crystal structure of the Dos1 WD repeat domain, revealing an eight-bladed ?-propeller fold. Functional mapping of the putative target-binding surface of Dos1 identifies key residues required for heterochromatic silencing, consistent with Dos1's role as the specificity factor for the E3 ubiquitin ligase. PMID:24449894

Kuscu, Canan; Zaratiegui, Mikel; Kim, Hyun Soo; Wah, David A; Martienssen, Robert A; Schalch, Thomas; Joshua-Tor, Leemor

2014-02-01

181

The Mycobacterium tuberculosis DosR Regulon Assists in Metabolic Homeostasis and Enables Rapid Recovery from Nonrespiring Dormancy ? †  

PubMed Central

Mycobacterium tuberculosis survives in latently infected individuals, likely in a nonreplicating or dormancy-like state. The M. tuberculosis DosR regulon is a genetic program induced by conditions that inhibit aerobic respiration and prevent bacillus replication. In this study, we used a mutant incapable of DosR regulon induction to investigate the contribution of this regulon to bacterial metabolism during anaerobic dormancy. Our results confirm that the DosR regulon is essential for M. tuberculosis survival during anaerobic dormancy and demonstrate that it is required for metabolic processes that occur upon entry into and throughout the dormant state. Specifically, we showed that regulon mechanisms shift metabolism away from aerobic respiration in the face of dwindling oxygen availability and are required for maintaining energy levels and redox balance as the culture becomes anaerobic. We also demonstrated that the DosR regulon is crucial for rapid resumption of growth once M. tuberculosis exits an anaerobic or nitric oxide-induced nonrespiring state. In summary, the DosR regulon encodes novel metabolic mechanisms essential for M. tuberculosis to survive in the absence of respiration and to successfully transition rapidly between respiring and nonrespiring conditions without loss of viability.

Leistikow, Rachel L.; Morton, Russell A.; Bartek, Iona L.; Frimpong, Isaac; Wagner, Karleen; Voskuil, Martin I.

2010-01-01

182

The Mycobacterium tuberculosis DosR regulon assists in metabolic homeostasis and enables rapid recovery from nonrespiring dormancy.  

PubMed

Mycobacterium tuberculosis survives in latently infected individuals, likely in a nonreplicating or dormancy-like state. The M. tuberculosis DosR regulon is a genetic program induced by conditions that inhibit aerobic respiration and prevent bacillus replication. In this study, we used a mutant incapable of DosR regulon induction to investigate the contribution of this regulon to bacterial metabolism during anaerobic dormancy. Our results confirm that the DosR regulon is essential for M. tuberculosis survival during anaerobic dormancy and demonstrate that it is required for metabolic processes that occur upon entry into and throughout the dormant state. Specifically, we showed that regulon mechanisms shift metabolism away from aerobic respiration in the face of dwindling oxygen availability and are required for maintaining energy levels and redox balance as the culture becomes anaerobic. We also demonstrated that the DosR regulon is crucial for rapid resumption of growth once M. tuberculosis exits an anaerobic or nitric oxide-induced nonrespiring state. In summary, the DosR regulon encodes novel metabolic mechanisms essential for M. tuberculosis to survive in the absence of respiration and to successfully transition rapidly between respiring and nonrespiring conditions without loss of viability. PMID:20023019

Leistikow, Rachel L; Morton, Russell A; Bartek, Iona L; Frimpong, Isaac; Wagner, Karleen; Voskuil, Martin I

2010-03-01

183

Age and isotopic relationships among the angrites Lewis Cliff 86010 and Angra DOS Reis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper presents results of a wide-ranging isotopic investigation of the the Antarctic angrite LEW-86010 (LEW), and reassesses the type angrite Angra dos Reis (ADOR) in order to obtain precise radiometric ages and initial Sr isotopic compositions, and to search for the erstwhile presence of the short-lived nuclei Sm-146 and Al-26 via their daughter products. The isotopic compositions of Sm, U, Ca, and Ti were measured to allow a detailed appraisal to be made of the relations between, and the geneology of, these two angrites. LEW proves to be severely contaminated with modern terrestrial Pb, which is shown to result from terrestrial weathering. Concordant Pb-Pb model ages of pyroxene separates are obtained; uranium isotopic compositions are normal within error. Overall, striking age and isotopic similarities between LEW and ADOR were found, suggesting almost simultaneous production on the same asteroid, even though recent experimental studies imply that the two are not comagmatic.

Lugmair, G. W.; Galer, S. J. G.

1992-04-01

184

Sm-Nd-Pu timepieces in the Angra dos Reis meteorite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Isotope ratios and age estimations are presented for the ultramafic pyroxenite Angra dos Reis meteorite. A pyroxene-phosphate internal isochron age of 4.55 plus or minus 0.04 eons was obtained, in agreement with reported Pb-Pb ages. It is suggested that Sm-146 decay led to an increase in the ratio of Nd-142 to Nd-144 in pyroxene, which is greater than the ratio of the Nd isotopes in phosphates. The effect of Pu-244 on the fission xenon components in pyroxene and phosphate is examined. The ratios of Pu-244 to Nd, U-238, and Th-232 are compared for pyroxene and phosphate separates. The exposure age of the meteorite, as obtained by the Kr-81 to Kr-83 method, was found to be 55.5 plus or minus 1.2 million years.

Lugmair, G. W.; Marti, K.

1977-01-01

185

Age and isotopic relationships among the angrites Lewis Cliff 86010 and Angra dos Reis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper presents results of a wide-ranging isotopic investigation of the the Antarctic angrite LEW-86010 (LEW), and reassesses the type angrite Angra dos Reis (ADOR) in order to obtain precise radiometric ages and initial Sr isotopic compositions, and to search for the erstwhile presence of the short-lived nuclei Sm-146 and Al-26 via their daughter products. The isotopic compositions of Sm, U, Ca, and Ti were measured to allow a detailed appraisal to be made of the relations between, and the geneology of, these two angrites. LEW proves to be severely contaminated with modern terrestrial Pb, which is shown to result from terrestrial weathering. Concordant Pb-Pb model ages of pyroxene separates are obtained; uranium isotopic compositions are normal within error. Overall, striking age and isotopic similarities between LEW and ADOR were found, suggesting almost simultaneous production on the same asteroid, even though recent experimental studies imply that the two are not comagmatic.

Lugmair, G. W.; Galer, S. J. G.

1992-01-01

186

Measured oxygen fugacities of the Angra dos Reis achondrite as a function of temperature  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Measurements of the oxygen fugacity (f{hook}O2) as a function of temperature (T) were made on an interior bulk sample of the cumulate achondrite, Angra dos Reis. Data clustered between the f{hook}O2-T relationship of the iron-wu??stite assemblage and 1.2 log atm units above iron-wu??stite. Interpretation of the data indicates that, throughout most of the cooling history of the meteorite, f{hook}O2 values were defined by equilibria involving iron-bearing species at values close to the f{hook}O2 of the assemblage iron-wu??stite. Measured f{hook}O2 data are compatible with crystallization and cooling at pressures greater than 50 bars. ?? 1977.

Brett, R.; Stephen, Huebner, J.; Sato, M.

1977-01-01

187

Measured oxygen fugacities of the Angra dos Reis achondrite as a function of temperature  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Measurements of the oxygen fugacity, f(O2), as a function of temperature, T, were made on an interior bulk sample of the cumulate achondrite, Angra dos Reis. Data clustered between the f(O2)-T relationship of the iron-wustite assemblage and 1.2 log atm units above iron-wustite. Interpretation of the data indicates that, throughout most of the cooling history of the meteorite, f(O2) values were defined by equilibria involving iron-bearing species at values close to the f(O2) of the assemblage iron-wustite. Measured f(O2) data are compatible with crystallization and cooling at pressures greater than 50 bars.

Brett, R.; Huebner, J. S.; Sato, M.

1977-01-01

188

The Secret List of Dos and Don'ts for Filmmaking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science is a massive black box to billions of people who walk the streets. However, the process of filmmaking can be equally as mystifying. As with the development of many scientific experiments, the process starts on a napkin at a restaurant…but then what? The road to scientific publication is propelled by a canonical list of several dos and don't that fit most situations. An equally useful list exists for up-and-coming producers. The list streamlines efforts, optimizes your use of the tools at your fingertips and enhances impact. Many fundamentals can be learned from books, but during this talk we will project and discuss several examples of best practices, from honing a story, to identifying audience appeal, filming, editing and the secrets of inexpensively acquiring expert help. Whether your goal is a two-minute webisode or a 90 minute documentary, these time-tested practices, with a little awareness, can give life to your films.;

Kramer, N.

2012-12-01

189

The Relationship between Older Drivers' Performance on the Driving Observation Schedule (eDOS) and Cognitive Performance  

PubMed Central

Research question/Objective: The Driving Observation Schedule (eDOS) was developed for use in the Candrive/Ozcandrive five-year prospective study of older drivers to observe the driving behavior of older drivers and monitor changes in driving behaviors over time. The aim of this study is to describe participants’ driving performance during the eDOS driving task and investigate the association between driving performance and cognitive measures. Methods: A subset of Ozcandrive participants (n = 144, 104 male [72%], 40 female [28%], Mean age = 81.49 years, SD = 3.58 years, Range: 76 – 96 years) completed the eDOS driving task. Participants drove to their selected destinations (up to 4 locations), with observations of driving behaviors (both inappropriate and appropriate) recorded for specific driving maneuvers: intersection negotiation, lane-changing, merging, low speed maneuvers and maneuver-free driving. Driving behaviors (e.g. signalling, speed regulation, gap acceptance, lane position, ‘critical errors’) were scored by a trained observer and participants received an overall eDOS driving task score (Maximum = 100 points). Participants also completed a series of cognitive assessments as part of the Year 2 Candrive/Ozcandrive assessment protocols. Results: The overall eDOS driving task score was very high (M = 95.77; SD = 5.15; Range = 65.63 – 100). Detailed analyses of participants’ driving behavior revealed a high level of appropriate driving behavior (96%, n = 5,935 maneuvers), with few errors (4%, n = 252 maneuvers). While most participants’ performance on the cognitive assessments was high, some scores were below the criteria for cogntive impairment (BIC) according to conventional benchmarks: (MoCA: M = 26.56, SD = 2.12, Range = 19 – 30, % BIC = 28%; MMSE: M = 29.10, SD = 1.01, Range = 26–30, %BIC = 0%; Trails B: M = 111.66, SD = 43.53, Range = 50 – 301, %BIC = 6%). There was no significant relationship observed between participants’ overall eDOS driving task scores and age (r (144) = ?0.17, p > 0.05), and performance on various cognitive assessments including: MoCA (r (144) = 0.07, p > 0.1), MMSE (r (144) = 0.03, p > 0.5), Trail Making Test B (r (144) = 0.09, p > 0.1). Implications: Preliminary analyses of the eDOS driving task revealed a high level of appropriate driving behavior among Ozcandrive older drivers. Despite some participants’ cognitive performance suggesting impairment, participants’ overall eDOS driving task scores were not significantly related to cognitive performance. This finding is consistent with previous research suggesting some older drivers are able to compensate well for age-related cognitive impairment.

Koppel, Sjaan; Charlton, Judith; Langford, Jim; Vlahodimitrakou, Zafiroula; Di Stefano, Marilyn; Macdonald, Wendy; Mazer, Barbara; Gelinas, Isabelle; Vrkljan, Brenda; Marshall, Shawn

2013-01-01

190

insURGEnCiA Y REPREsiÓn. ACERCA DE LA TEORÍA DE LOs DOs DEMOniOs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: La conocida en Argentina como Teoría o tesis de los dos demonios se ha utilizado para, si no justificar, sí al menos querer dar una explica - ción simplista al advenimiento del golpe del gene- ral Videla y la consiguiente dictadura conocida en Argentina como el Proceso. El artículo analiza los discursos e imágenes sobre cada uno de los

José Manuel Barrio Terol

191

Sustainable production of non-timber forest products: Natural dye extraction from El Cruce Dos Aguadas, Petén, Guatemala  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional harvest of non-timber forest products (NTFP) in Petén, Guatemala, provides a model for integrated conservation and development programs. Conservation International and El Cruce a Dos Aguadas (El Cruce). and agricultural community in the Maya Biosphere Reserve in Northern Petén, have created a new NTFP, called Gatherings™ which is a potpourri composed of seeds, flowers and leaves. Gatherings™ is

Kevin Gould; Andrew F Howard; Gustavo Rodriguéz

1998-01-01

192

Reparación laparoscópica de hernia de Morgagni. Reporte de dos casos* Laparoscopic repair of Morgagni hernia. Report of two cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMEN Presentamos dos pacientes con tratamiento laparoscópico de una hernia de Morgagni. Este es un defecto congénito en el diafragma anterior poco frecuente, que puede ser asintomático o causar síntomas dependiendo del contenido herniario. El tratamiento quirúrgico puede ser a cielo abierto por vía torácica o transabdominal, pero el abordaje laparoscópico también permite su reparación, tanto cuando es simple como

Palma Mallorca

193

Uma Análise Tipológica da Dinâmica dos Arranjos e Sistemas Produtivos e Inovativos Locais (Aspil?S) Do Nordeste do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar a dinâmica produtiva e inovativa dos Arranjos e Sistemas Produtivos e Inovativos Locais (ASPILs), tendo como foco os ASPILs nordestinos. Para tanto, foi utilizado o arcabouço da teoria evolucionária tendo por base o conceito de Sistema Nacional de Inovação do qual gerou a conceituação de ASPIL. Assim, buscou-se apresentar a dinâmica de arranjos

Diogo Araújo Sampaio

194

ROCK MAGNETIC AND PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION OF PREHISTORIC AMERINDIAN CERAMICS FROM THE DOS MOSQUISES ISLAND (LOS ROQUES, VENEZUELA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Preliminary rock magnetic studies of 12 prehistoric Amerin- dian pottery shards (Dos Mosquises Island, Los Roques, Venezu- ela) have been carried out in order to characterize different clay sourcings and pottery manufaacturing techniques. Although these ceramics have been excavated in a single archeological site, sty- listic features sort them out into three distinct groups: standard- ized, heterogeneous and unknown).

Myriam Rada; Vincenzo Costanzo-Álvarez; Milagrosa Aldana; Corina Campos

195

Short and long-lived radium isotopes in surface waters from Ilha Grande bay, Angra dos Reis, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Angra dos Reis nuclear power plant site is located 130km south from Rio de Janeiro city. Seawater is used as cooling water for both units; the cooling water is pumped from Itaorna Bay and discharged into Piraquara de Fora Bay, together with the liquid effluents from the two NPPs. Piraquara de Fora Bay belongs to a large bay system,

F. C. Gomes; J. M. Godoy; Z. L. Carvalho; R. T. Lopes

2009-01-01

196

AVALIAÇÃO DA EFICÁCIA DOS MEIOS DE CONTROLO DAS INFESTANTES DO OLIVAL E SEUS EFEITOS SOBRE ARTRÓPODES DO SOLO  

Microsoft Academic Search

O presente trabalho teve como objectivo avaliar a eficácia dos tratamentos contra as infestantes e os efeitos colaterais sobre os artrópodes existentes no solo. Para este efeito, delinearam-se cinco modalidades: Roundup Ultra, Basta S, mobilização superficial, monda térmica e ainda uma modalidade de referência, não intervencionada (Testemunha). Foram efectuadas contagens e identificação das infestantes e de artrópodes existentes no solo,

Carlos VEIGA; Catarina LOURENÇO; Francisco VIEIRA

197

Spectro-photometry of the HAebe's discovered by the Pico DOS Dias survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have made a statistical study of Herbig Ae/Be stars (HAeBe), a class of intermediate-mass young stellar objects. In our work we intend to increase the number of candidates with confirmed HAeBe nature, as only about a hundred of objects is known. The "Pico dos Dias Survey", a search for T Tauri stars (TT) based on IRAS colors, has revealed several new TT, as well other very interesting objects, like a hundred of probable new HAeBe. These candidates have been classified by their strong H? emission, spectral type earlier than F5 and infrared excess similar to TT. In order to confirm the young nature of these candidates, we have obtained low-resolution spectra and UBVRI photometry for a sample of 30 candidates to study their spectral energy distribution. A model to fit the spectral energy distribution (SED) has been used in order to determine the effective temperature and the luminosity, useful to estimate mass and age, and better classify our candidates. The distribution of the circumstellar material has been also inspected by using our model of SED's fit.

Sartori, M. J.; Gregorio-Hetem, J.

1998-11-01

198

T.D.S. spectroscopic databank for spherical tops: DOS version  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

T.D.S. (Traitement de Donnees Spectroscopiques or Tomsk-Dijon-Spectroscopy project) is a computer package concerned with high resolution spectroscopy of spherical top molecules like CH4, CF4, SiH4, SiF4, SnH4, GeH4, SF6, etc. T.D.S. contains information, fundamental spectroscopic data (energies, transition moments, spectroscopic constants) recovered from comprehensive modeling and simultaneous fitting of experimental spectra, and associated software written in C. The T.D.S. goal is to provide an access to all available information on vibration-rotation molecular states and transitions including various spectroscopic processes (Stark, Raman, etc.) under extended conditions based on extrapolations of laboratory measurements using validated theoretical models. Applications for T.D.S. may include: education/training in molecular physics, quantum chemistry, laser physics; spectroscopic applications (analysis, laser spectroscopy, atmospheric optics, optical standards, spectroscopic atlases); applications to environment studies and atmospheric physics (remote sensing); data supply for specific databases; and to photochemistry (laser excitation, multiphoton processes). The reported DOS-version is designed for IBM and compatible personal computers.

Tyuterev, Vl. G.; Babikov, Yu. L.; Tashkun, S. A.; Perevalov, V. I.; Nikitin, A.; Champion, J.-P.; Wenger, Ch.; Pierre, C.; Pierre, G.; Hilico, J.-C.

1994-10-01

199

Adaptation of reservoir engineering software to a DOS/Linux PC  

SciTech Connect

Recent publications have described the implementation of state-of-the-art reservoir engineering applications based on integrated networks of mainframe, workstation, and desktop computers. These facilities provide excellent resources for geologic and engineering applications, but at the cost of substantial investment in computer hardware, network installation, and systems staffing. This paper describes an adaptation of similar state-of-the-art applications to a desktop platform that minimizes the required hardware and system investment. The platform is an Intel 486 or Pentium-based PC with two hard drives and 32 to 64 MB of memory. One disk is partitioned to a standard DOS/Windows environment. The other disk is partitioned to the Linux operating system. Linux is a freely available clone of Unix for the 80386/80486 CPU, which is supported by a worldwide volunteer effort. A machine of this type can be constructed from components for $4,000 to $8,000, depending on CPU and memory. A number of proprietary modeling codes have been ported over so that the PC can provide much of the capability of the network systems.

Emanuel, A.S.; Jones, R.C.; McWilliams, R.S.; Tsaio, J.C.

1996-04-01

200

Estudio fotométrico y espectroscópico de dos cúmulos abiertos jóvenes del disco con apariencia globular  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Se presentan y discuten resultados obtenidos en el CASLEO y en el Observatorio de Las Campanas de dos cúmulos abiertos compactos con apariencia globular: Westerlund1 (BH197), ubicado en dirección hacia el centro galáctico, y Westerlund2. A partir de espectroscopía CCD integrada de ambos e imágenes CCD en las bandas VI obtenidas para el primero de ellos, se derivan sus parámetros fundamentales y se examinan sus apariencias estructurales. Se encuentra que Westerlund1 es un cúmulo joven (7 ± 3 millones de años), ubicado sobre el plano galáctico a 1.0 ± 0.4 kpc del sol, en una región caracterizada por una absorción excepcionalmente elevada (Av~=13.0 mag), en tanto que Westerlund2 es también un cúmulo joven (4-6 millones de años) ubicado sobre el plano, en una región afectada por una absorción menor (Av~=5.7 mag). Desde el punto de vista estructural, Westerlund 1 se presenta como uno de los pocos cúmulos abiertos jóvenes de la Galaxia con apariencia tipicamente globular, en contraste con los cúmulos azules de las Nubes de Magallanes en los cuales la apariencia globular constituye un fenómeno común. Westerlund2, aunque menos rico en estrellas, puede también ser incluído dentro de esta interesante clase de objetos.

Piatti, A. E.; Clariá, J. J.; Bica, E.

201

ECHARPE: a fiber-fed echelle spectrograph for the Pico dos Dias Observatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At least during the last ten years, the Brazilian astronomical community has been asking for an echelle spectrograph for the 1.6 m telescope installed at Pico dos Dias Observatory (Brazópolis, MG, Brazil, OPD/MCTI/LNA). Among the scientific cases are topics related to the chemical evolution of the Galaxy, asteroseismology, chemical composition and chromospheric activities of solar type stars and the relations between solar analogues and terrestrial planets. During 2009 the project finally got started. The called ECHARPE spectrograph (Espectrógrafo ECHelle de Alta Resolução para o telescópio Perkin-Elmer) is being projected to offer a spectral resolution of R ~ 50000, in the range 390-900 nm and with a single exposition. It will be a bench spectrograph with two channels: blue and red, fed by two optical fibers (object, sky or calibration) with aperture of 1.5 or 2.0 arcseconds. The instrument will be placed in one of the telescope pillar ramification, in the originals installations of a Coudé spectrograph and in a specially created environment controlled room. In this work we will present the scientific motivations, the conceptual optical design, the expected performance of the spectrograph, and the status of its development. ECHARPE is expected to be delivered to the astronomical community in 2014, fully prepared and optimized for remote operations.

Dominici, Tania P.; Castilho, Bruno; Gneiding, Clemens D.; Delabre, Bernard A.; Macanhan, Vanessa B. P.; de Arruda, Marcio V.; de Oliveira, Antonio C.; Melendez, Jorge; Vaz, Luiz P. R.; Corradi, Wagner J. B.; Franco, Gabriel A. P.; do Nascimento, Jose D.; Quast, Germano R.; Porto de Mello, Gustavo F.

2012-09-01

202

A proposed application of an industrial DOS computer for distribution substation monitoring and control  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the design and implementation of an intelligent controller intended for use in distribution substations to perform monitoring and control duties within the framework of distribution automation needs. The hardware of the developed controller is a DOS based industrial computer running on ECB-BUS. The application software handles all input/output tasks, data collection, manipulation and control decisions with its flexible structure. This embedded controller measures bus voltage, transformer and feeder currents and calculates the real and reactive power, power factor, frequency, and total harmonic distortion of voltage and current. In addition to its local and remote data acquisition and monitoring functions by means of console and SCADA outputs, the system, through its relay outputs, is capable of performing automation tasks such as integrated Volt/Var control, overload and underfrequency detection and load shedding at the substation level. This reliable, high capacity and low cost system is completely programmable so that it can handle new requirements with new configurations easily.

Batur, I. (Electronics Industry Inc., Ankara (Turkey). Aselsan Military); Guven, A.N.; Ozay, N. (Middle East Technical Univ., Ankara (Turkey). Electrical Engineering Dept.)

1994-04-01

203

Creating a Global Fiducials Program (GFP) Site: Lago Cachet Dos example in Chile  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The USGS has been acquiring remotely sensed imagery from all over the world, collecting thousands of images at more than 200 sites, and creating Literal Image Derived Products (LIDPs) as part of the Global Fiducials Program (GFP). The GFP program enables scientists to use these images to study our rapidly changing planet at carefully selected locations around the world. New GFP Sites are created and added each year. Researchers at the University of Alaska, for instance, added areas susceptible to coastal erosion for monitoring the long-term effects of high tides and storms. This presentation will guide you through the process of creating a new GFP site for your area of interest. We will describe the components of the GFP and its archive, the Global Fiducials Library. The Global Fiducials Program—Initial Site Proposal form will be presented and we will show you how to complete each component in order to propose a new site. Lago Cachet Dos, a glacier-dammed lake in southern Chile, is currently being proposed as a new GFP site and will be used as the example for this exercise. In addition, USGS web sites will be used to illustrate how a long-term imagery record can tell a story and to demonstrate viewing and downloading the type of data that will be available online and free of charge through the GFP.

Friesen, B. A.; Nimick, D. A.; Wilson, E. M.

2012-12-01

204

[Cesium-157 in milk produced on farms of the Angra dos Reis Region, RJ].  

PubMed

The first Brazilian Nuclear Power Plant is located in the Angra dos Reis county, about 130 km West of Rio de Janeiro. Among the radionuclides that will be released to the environment by the Nuclear Plant, tritium and radioisotopes of Cs, I, Co and Sr are the ones of greatest potential impact on the local population. During the preliminary phase of the pre-operational environmental radiological program, 137Cs resulting from nuclear explosion fallout was detected in milk samples from only one farm, among the ones included in the monitoring program. This finfing seemed odd, leading to believe on the possibility of a soil anomaly on the region, in which 137Cs would be more available for plant uptake than in normal areas, as it has been observed in some areas in various countries. Trying to explain this issue, the Radioisotopes Laboratory of the Biophysics Institute and the Radioecology Laboratory of FURNAS decided to carry on a series of analyses of 137Cs in milk, pasture and soil collected in the four farms of the program. The results demonstrated the non-existence of a soil anomaly in the region regarding the 137Cs behavior Cesium-137 concentrations in milk varied from 0.06 to 0.93 Bq/l but the differences of the average values in the four farms were not statistically significant. In one farm, occasional high peaks of 137Cs concentrations in milk were observed, which seemed to be related to the cattle management. Apparently during certain periods, the cattle grazes in sectors whose 137Cs concentrations in soil and pasture are higher than in other areas of the same farm or the region, due to the influence of micro-climate and erosion of superficial soil. PMID:4062065

De Castro, M B; Penna-Franca, E; Mendes, W; Ramos, S A; Pereira, D J

1985-03-01

205

Geology, hydrology, and water quality of the Tracy-Dos Palos area, San Joaquin, California  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Tracy-Dos Palos area includes about 1,800 square miles on the northwest side of the San Joaquin Valley. The Tulare Formation of Pliocene and Pleistocene age, terrace deposits of Pleistocene age, and alluvium and flood-basin deposits of Pleistocene and Holocene age constitute the fresh ground-water reservoir Pre-Tertiary and Tertiary sedimentary and crystalline rocks, undifferentiated, underlie the valley and yield saline water. Hydrologically most important, the Tulare Formation is divided into a lower water-bearing zone confined by the Corcoran Clay Member and an upper zone that is confined, semiconfined, and unconfined in different parts of the area. Alluvium and flood-basin deposits are included in the upper zone. Surficial alluvium and flood-basin deposits contain a shallow water-bearing zone. Lower zone wells were flowing in 1908, but subsequent irrigation development caused head declines and land subsidence. Overdraft in both zones ended in 1951 with import of surface water. Bicarbonate water flows into the area from the Sierra Nevada and Diablo Range. Diablo Range water is higher in sulfate, chloride, and dissolved solids. Upper zone water averages between 400 and 1,200 mg/l (milligrams per liter) dissolved solids and water hardness generally exceeds 180 mg/l as calcium carbonate. Nitrate, fluoride, iron, and boron occur in excessive concentrations in water from some wells. Dissolved constituents in lower zone water generally are sodium chloride and sodium sulfate with higher dissolved solids concentration than water from the upper zone. The foothills of the Diablo Range provide favorable conditions for artificial recharge, but shallow water problems plague about 50 percent of the area and artificial recharge is undesirable at this time.

Hotchkiss, W. R.; Balding, G. O.

1971-01-01

206

15-Deoxyspergualin (15DOS) for therapy in an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS): Disease modifying activity on acute and chronic relapsing experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the therapeutic effect of 15-DOS in the two models of acute and chronic relapsing EAE in Lewis rats. In the first model adult rats developed an acute severe EAE and by day 16 all animals died. Lewis rats treated with 15-DOS showed a delayed and reduced onset of clinical symptoms and mortality was prevented. In the second model

H. U. Schorlemmer; F. R. Seiler

1991-01-01

207

Efeito do nível de concentrado sobre o peso dos órgãos internos e do conteúdo gastrintestinal de bovinos Nelore não-castrados  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO - O efeito de cinco níveis de concentrado na dieta foi avaliado sobre o conteúdo do trato gastrintestinal e o peso dos órgãos internos e dos compartimentos gastrintestinais de bovinos Nelore não-castrados. Vinte e cinco animais com peso médio de 330 kg e idade média de 20 meses foram distribuídos, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, em cinco tratamentos com diferentes

Antonia Sherlânea Chaves Véras; Sebastião de Campos Valadares Filho; José Fernando Coelho da Silva; Mário Fonseca Paulino; Paulo Roberto Cecon; Rilene Ferreira Diniz Valadares; Marcelo de Andrade Ferreira; Cristina Maria Sá Fontes

2001-01-01

208

Avaliação da evolução dos valores pagos pelo SIH em Minas Gerais frente à inflação setorial da saúde no período de fevereiro de 1996 a maio de 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo Uma questão atual nas políticas públicas de saúde no Brasil é o financiamento dos prestadores de serviços médico-hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS. Um dos meios de financiamento é o pagamento de procedimentos informados ao Sistema de Informações Hospitalares - SIH, em que o valor pago deriva do número de procedimentos efetuados conforme o valor de cada

Helen Cristiny; Teodoro Couto; Juliana Ferreira Castro; Bruno Pérez Ferreira

209

Sindicalismo e luta por direitos sociais do trabalh o em Juiz de Fora nos conturbados anos dos governos provisório e constitucional de Getúlio Vargas (1930-1937)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: A decretação de um conjunto significativo de leis trabalhistas no início de 1932 fez com que, nos anos seguintes, os dirigentes dos sindicatos re conhecidos desencadeassem variadas ações classistas em Juiz de Fora. Além de procurar forçar o empresar iado local a respeitar essa nova legislação social, reivindicavam das autoridades federais a aplicação efetiva e a ampliação dos benefícios

Luís Eduardo de Oliveira

210

Lack of immune responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis DosR regulon proteins following Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccination.  

PubMed

Mycobacterium bovis BCG is widely used as a vaccine against tuberculosis (TB), despite its variable protective efficacy. Relatively little is known about the immune response profiles following BCG vaccination in relation to protection against TB. Here we tested whether BCG vaccination results in immune responses to DosR (Rv3133c) regulon-encoded proteins. These so-called TB latency antigens are targeted by the immune system during persistent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and have been associated with immunity against latent M. tuberculosis infection. In silico analysis of the DosR regulon in BCG and M. tuberculosis showed at least 97% amino acid sequence homology, with 41 out of 48 genes being identical. Transcriptional profiling of 14 different BCG strains, under hypoxia and nitric oxide exposure in vitro, revealed a functional DosR regulon similar to that observed in M. tuberculosis. Next, we assessed human immune responses to a series of immunodominant TB latency antigens and found that BCG vaccination fails to induce significant responses to latency antigens. Similar results were obtained with BCG-vaccinated BALB/c mice. In contrast, responses to latency antigens were observed in individuals with suspected exposure to TB (as indicated by positive gamma interferon responses to TB-specific antigens ESAT-6 and CFP-10) and in mice vaccinated with plasmid DNA encoding selected latency antigens. Since immune responses to TB latency antigens have been associated with control of latent M. tuberculosis infection, our findings support the development of vaccination strategies incorporating DosR regulon antigens to complement and improve the current BCG vaccine. PMID:17502400

Lin, May Young; Geluk, Annemieke; Smith, Steven G; Stewart, Amanda L; Friggen, Annemieke H; Franken, Kees L M C; Verduyn, Marleen J C; van Meijgaarden, Krista E; Voskuil, Martin I; Dockrell, Hazel M; Huygen, Kris; Ottenhoff, Tom H M; Klein, Michèl R

2007-07-01

211

An Experimental Study of the Performance Impact of Path-Based DoS Attacks in Wireless Mesh Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless mesh networks (WMNs) are considered as cost effective, easily deployable and capable of extending Internet connectivity.\\u000a However, one of the major challenges in deploying reliable WMNs is preventing their nodes from malicious attacks, which is\\u000a of particular concern as attacks can severely degrade network performance. When a DoS attack is targeted over an entire communication\\u000a path, it is called

Avesh Kumar Agarwal; Wenye Wang

2010-01-01

212

Hydrogen sulfide stimulates the catalytic activity of a heme-regulated phosphodiesterase from Escherichia coli (Ec DOS).  

PubMed

Ec DOS, a heme-regulated phosphodiesterase from Escherichia coli, is an oxygen sensor enzyme composed of a heme-bound O(2) sensor domain at the N-terminus and a catalytic domain at the C-terminus. The catalytic activity of Ec DOS is substantially enhanced with the formation of a Fe(II) heme-O(2) complex. The physiological importance of H(2)S as a fourth signaling gas molecule in addition to O(2), CO and NO is an emerging focus of research, since H(2)S participates in various physiological functions. In the present study, we showed that catalysis by Ec DOS is markedly increased by H(2)S under aerobic conditions. Absorption spectral findings suggest that SH(-)-modified heme iron complexes, such as Fe(III)-SH(-) and Fe(II)-O(2) complexes, represent the active species for H(2)S-induced catalysis. We further examined the role of Cys residues in H(2)S-induced catalysis using Cys?Ala mutant enzymes. Based on the collective data, we speculate that H(2)S-induced catalytic enhancement is facilitated by an admixture of Fe(III)-SH(-) and Fe(II)-O(2) complexes formed during catalysis and modification of specific Cys residue(s) in the catalytic domain. PMID:22387619

Takahashi, Hiroto; Sekimoto, Madoka; Tanaka, Masahiro; Tanaka, Atsunari; Igarashi, Jotaro; Shimizu, Toru

2012-04-01

213

(Pu-244)-Xe formation and gas retention age, exposure history, and terrestrial age of angrites LEW86010 and LEW87051 - Comparison with Angra DOS Reis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Isotopic abundances of noble gases in two angrites LEW86010 and LEW87051 were investigated and compared with those for the basaltic achondrite Angra dos Reis. An atomic ratio Pu-244/Nd-150 = 0.00136 was calculated for LEW86010, which corresponds to a fission Xe retention age 19 +/-40 Ma younger than that of Angra dos Reis, indicating that LEW86010 formed contemporaneously with Angra dos Reis, for which a formation age of 4550 Ma was previously estimated. The LEW87051 angrite showed the lowest nominal U/Th-(He-4) gas retention age (4 Ma) ever observed for a stone meteorite. The cosmic-ray exposure histories for the three angrites were found to be very different: ages of 17.6 +/-1.0 and 0.2 or greater were calculated for LEW86010 and LEW87051, respectively, compared to a previously reported exposure age of 55.5 for Angra dos Reis.

Eugster, O.; Michel, Th.; Niedermann, S.

1991-10-01

214

Rare earth elements in Angra DOS Reis and Lewis Cliff 86010, two meteorites with similar but distinct magma evolutions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data are presented on ion microprobe measurements of REE and selected trace element abundances in individual grains of merrillite, fassaite, olivine, kirschsteinite, and plagioclase of Lewis Cliff 86010 (LEW 86010) meteorite and in merrillite and fassaite grains of Angra dos Reis (ADOR). Results show a close relationship between the two meteorites and support a magmatic origin for LEW 86010. However, the measurements indicate that, despite numerous common characteristics, the two meteorites must have been produced in separate magmatic events involving similar but distinct processes and parent melts.

Crozaz, G.; McKay, G.

1990-03-01

215

Rare earth elements in Angra dos Reis and Lewis Cliff 86010, two meteorites with similar but distinct magma evolutions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Data are presented on ion microprobe measurements of REE and selected trace element abundances in individual grains of merrillite, fassaite, olivine, kirschsteinite, and plagioclase of Lewis Cliff 86010 (LEW 86010) meteorite and in merrillite and fassaite grains of Angra dos Reis (ADOR). Results show a close relationship between the two meteorites and support a magmatic origin for LEW 86010. However, the measurements indicate that, despite numerous common characteristics, the two meteorites must have been produced in separate magmatic events involving similar but distinct processes and parent melts.

Crozaz, Ghislaine; Mckay, Gordon

1990-01-01

216

Dor de dente: percepção dos usuários da atenção básica de saúde Pain of tooth: perception of users of basic health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Key-words A dor é uma experiência privada e qualquer informação sobre ela provém daquele que a sente. Esta pesquisa objetivou analisar a percepção dos usuários atendidos na Atenção Básica de Saúde no município de Campina Grande - PB, quanto à dor de dente. A pesquisa foi do tipo quanti-qualitativa, descritiva e transversal, sendo os dados coletados por entrevista semi-estruturada. Dos

Ermano Batista da Costa; Vanda Sanderana; Macêdo Carneiro; Hugo Leonardo; Oliveira Pedrosa; Gustavo Pina Godoy; Araújo Amorim

217

On the effectiveness of route-based packet filtering for distributed DoS attack prevention in power-law internets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Denial of service (DoS) attack on the Internet has become a pressing problem. In this paper, we describe and evaluate route-based distributed packet filtering (DPF), a novel approach to distributed DoS (DDoS) attack prevention. We show that DPF achieves proactiveness and scalability, and we show that there is an intimate relationship between the effectiveness of DPF at mitigating DDoS attack

Heejo Lee

2001-01-01

218

Supporting Security against SYN Flooding Attack in Distributed DoS Via Measuring IPFIX-Based Traffic  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Distributed denial-of-service attacks on public servers after 2000 have become a serious problem. In the distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks often seen recently, multiple distributed nodes concurrently attack a single server. To assure that network services will not be interrupted, faster and more effective defense mechanisms is needed to protect against malicious traffic, especially SYN floods. One problem in detecting SYN flood traffic is that server nodes or firewalls cannot distinguish the SYN packets of normal TCP connections from those of a SYN flood attack. Our method, FDFIX, relies on the use of monitoring and measurement techniques to evaluate the impact of DoS attacks. It uses flow based measurements. Capturing flow information is very important for detecting DoS and also other kinds of attacks. Flow monitoring allows detecting suspicious traffics and in the next step can analyze attacking flows and the results can be used for defense methods. Our method provides required information for many mechanisms that use traffic measurement as their input.

Alipour, H.; Kia, M. Kashefi; Esmaeili, M.

219

Degradability of dimethyl terephthalate by Variovorax paradoxus T4 and Sphingomonas yanoikuyae DOS01 isolated from deep-ocean sediments.  

PubMed

Two strains of bacteria were isolated from deep-ocean sediments of the South China Sea using enrichment culturing technique and they were identified as Sphingomonas yanoikuyae DOS01 (AY878409) and Variovorax paradoxus T4 (AY878410) based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. S. yanoikuyae DOS01 was only capable of transforming dimethyl terephthalate (DMTP) to monomethyl terephthalate (MMTP) without further degradation while V. paradoxus T4 exhibited ability in mineralizing DMTP as the sole source of carbon and energy. The biochemical pathway of DMTP degradation was through MMTP and terephthalic acid (TA) as major detectable degradation intermediates in the culture media by both microorganisms. V. paradoxus T4 utilized DMTP and MMTP via hydrolysis of diester and monoester in the initial steps in degradation as confirmed by total organic carbon analysis of the culture medium and esterase activity assay of the lysed cells and fraction. The specific hydrolysis activity of esterase induced by DMTP or MMTP showed that greater hydrolysis of p-nitrophenyl acetate by esterase induced by DMTP-grown cells than that induced by MMTP. Results of this research suggest that the cleavage of the two identical carboxylic ester groups of phthalate diester are carried out by highly specific esterases of the same bacteria in the environment. PMID:16955363

Wang, Yu Ping; Gu, Ji-Dong

2006-08-01

220

Mycobacterium tuberculosis DosR Regulon Gene Rv0079 Encodes a Putative, 'Dormancy Associated Translation Inhibitor (DATIN)'  

PubMed Central

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a major human pathogen that has evolved survival mechanisms to persist in an immune-competent host under a dormant condition. The regulation of M. tuberculosis metabolism during latent infection is not clearly known. The dormancy survival regulon (DosR regulon) is chiefly responsible for encoding dormancy related functions of M. tuberculosis. We describe functional characterization of an important gene of DosR regulon, Rv0079, which appears to be involved in the regulation of translation through the interaction of its product with bacterial ribosomal subunits. The protein encoded by Rv0079, possibly, has an inhibitory role with respect to protein synthesis, as revealed by our experiments. We performed computational modelling and docking simulation studies involving the protein encoded by Rv0079 followed by in vitro translation and growth curve analysis experiments, involving recombinant E. coli and Bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG) strains that overexpressed Rv0079. Our observations concerning the interaction of the protein with the ribosomes are supportive of its role in regulation/inhibition of translation. We propose that the protein encoded by locus Rv0079 is a ‘dormancy associated translation inhibitor’ or DATIN.

Kumar, Ashutosh; Majid, Mohammad; Kunisch, Ralph; Rani, Pittu Sandhya; Qureshi, Insaf A.; Lewin, Astrid; Hasnain, Seyed E.; Ahmed, Niyaz

2012-01-01

221

2.3 A X-ray structure of the heme-bound GAF domain of sensory histidine kinase DosT of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.  

PubMed

Mycobacterium tuberculosis responds to changes in environmental conditions through a two-component signaling system that detects reduced O(2) tension and NO and CO exposures via the heme-binding GAF domains of two sensory histidine kinases, DosT and DevS, and the transcriptional regulator DosR. We report the first X-ray structure of the DosT heme-bound GAF domain (GAF(DosT)) in both oxy and deoxy forms determined to a resolution of 2.3 A. In GAF(DosT), heme binds in an orientation orthogonal to that in the PAS domains via a highly conserved motif, including invariant H147 as a proximal heme axial ligand. On the distal side, invariant Y169 forms stacking interactions with the heme with its long axis parallel and the plane of the ring orthogonal to the heme plane. In one of the two protein monomers in an asymmetric unit, O(2) binds as a second axial ligand to the heme iron and is stabilized via a H-bond to the OH group of Y169. The structure reveals two small tunnel-connected cavities and a pore on the protein surface that suggest a potential route for the access of O(2) to the sensing pocket. The limited conformational differences observed between differently heme iron-ligated GAF(DosT) monomers in the asymmetric unit may result from crystal lattice limitations since atmospheric oxygen binding likely occurs in the crystal as a result of X-ray-induced Fe(3+) photoreduction during diffraction data collection. Determination of the GAF(DosT) structure sets up a framework in which to address ligand recognition, discrimination, and signal propagation schemes in the heme-based GAF domains of biological sensors. PMID:18980385

Podust, Larissa M; Ioanoviciu, Alexandra; Ortiz de Montellano, Paul R

2008-11-25

222

Whole genome shotgun sequencing of one Colombian clinical isolate of Mycobacterium tuberculosis reveals DosR regulon gene deletions.  

PubMed

Several genomes of different Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates have been completely sequenced around the world. The genomic information obtained have shown higher diversity than originally thought and specific adaptations to different human populations. Within this work, we sequenced the genome of one Colombian M. tuberculosis virulent isolate. Genomic comparison against the reference genome of H37Rv and other strains showed multiple deletion and insertions that ranged between a few bases to thousands. Excluding PPE and PG-PGRS genes, 430 proteins present changes in at least 1 amino acid. Also, novel positions of the IS6110 mobile element were identified. This isolate is also characterized by a large genomic deletion of 3.6 kb, leading to the loss and modification of the dosR regulon genes, Rv1996 and Rv1997. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the genome sequence of a Latin American M. tuberculosis clinical isolate. PMID:22404577

Isaza, Juan Pablo; Duque, Camilo; Gomez, Verónica; Robledo, Jaime; Barrera, Luis F; Alzate, Juan F

2012-05-01

223

Seismogenic sources and crustal structure near the seismological station of Angra dos Reis (ESAR), southeastern region of Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The seismological station of Angra dos Reis (ESAR) is operating since the end of year 2000 located near to the nuclear power plants of Angra dos Reis, in the southern portion of Rio de Janeiro state, southeastern Brazil. The main objective of ESAR is defining the level of seismic activity in the area where those plants are installed, using data from a broadband seismograph that operates in a 100 cps continuous format. Epicentral determination of local seismic events is done through the back azimuth calculated with the P wave amplitude in the three component seismograms, and epicentral distance induced from the S-P time difference. Crustal structure for relating the S-P time and epicentral distance was obtained through a seismic refraction experiment using controlled sources, complemented with a detailed study of crustal structure beneath ESAR using teleseimic data and the receiver function method processed in the time domain. Since the beginning of operation ESAR has detected many local and near regional seismic events with magnitude lower than mb 4.0, most of them below mb 2.0, and not included in the Brazilian Seismic Catalogue. Epicenters of those events are spread in both oceanic and continental areas, in some cases forming clusters of different size, some of them, especially those located in the continent could belong to explosions made in stone-quarry, whereas, clusters and isolated epicenters located in the oceanic area could belong to natural earthquakes. Two of these oceanic clusters, located in the continental platform, may belong to seismogenic sources that are active near ESAR, and need further study to define its nature.

Romero, T.; Berrocal, J.; Fernandes, C.; de Lima, M. V.; Dos Reis, E.

2007-05-01

224

77 FR 72776 - Airworthiness Directives; Embraer S.A. Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Putim--12227-901 S[atilde]o Jose dos Campos-SP- BRASIL; telephone +55 12 3927-5852 or +55 12 3309-0732...Putim--12227-901 S[atilde]o Jose dos Campos--SP--BRASIL; telephone +55 12 3927-5852 or +55 12 3309-0732;...

2012-12-06

225

77 FR 33334 - Airworthiness Directives; Embraer S.A. Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Putim--12227-901 S[atilde]o Jose dos Campos--SP-- BRASIL; telephone +55 12 3927-5852 or +55 12 3309-0732...Putim--12227-901 S[atilde]o Jose dos Campos-SP--Brasil; telephone +55 12 3927-5852 or +55 12 3309-0732;...

2012-06-06

226

Análisis multinivel de cadenas de suministros: dos técnicas de resolución del efecto bullwhip \\/\\/ Supply Chain Multilevel Analysis: Two Bullwhip Dampening Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

El efecto bullwhip es un fenómeno causante de ineficiencias en la gestión de la cadena de suministros. El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar el impacto sobre el rendimiento de una cadena de suministro de dos de las técnicas más comunes de resolución del efecto bullwhip: la regla de pedido (S, R) amortiguada y la adopción de prácticas de colaboración.

Elena Ciancimino; Salvatore Cannella; José David Canca Ortiz; José Manuel Framiñán Torres

2009-01-01

227

Discovery of the base of the Pinal Schist and the Bear Canyon sequence below it in the eastern Metamorphic terrane of the Dos Cabezas mountains, Cochise County, Arizona  

Microsoft Academic Search

The eastern metamorphic terrane of the Dos Cabezas mountains is underlain by Pinal Schist (PS). Recent detailed mapping along the western edge of this terrane shows that a flat planar regional unconformity (UC) bounds this Pinal body at its western stratigraphic base. Below the UC lies 8 km[sup 2] of greenschist facies metapelites and metafelsites here given the provisional name

1993-01-01

228

Un estudio de los Institutos Nacionales de la Salud indica que dos dosis de vacuna contra los VPH pueden proteger tanto como el tratamiento completo  

Cancer.gov

Dos dosis de Cervarix, la vacuna contra virus del papiloma humano (VPH), fueron tan efectivas como la pauta normal actual de tres dosis después de cuatro años de seguimiento. El estudio de vacuna en Costa Rica, patrocinado por el NCI, fue diseñado para evaluar la eficacia de Cervarix en una población determinada.

229

Métodos de coleta de fezes e determinação dos coeficientes de digestibilidade da fração protéica e da energia de alimentos para o pacu, Piaractus mesopotamicus (Holmberg, 1887)  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO - Para melhorar a alimentação do pacu (Piaracatus mesopotamicus), é necessário conhecer o nível de aproveitamento dos ingredientes utilizados em suas dietas. Neste trabalho, inicialmente, foram analisados quatro métodos de coleta de fezes, em função da precisão e da versatilidade (dissecação, extrusão, Guelph e Guelph modificado), e o tempo entre as coletas de fezes nos sistemas de Guelph, por

Eduardo Gianini Abimorad; Dalton José Carneiro

2004-01-01

230

Kinetics and products from reaction of Cl radicals with dioctyl sebacate (DOS) particles in O(2): a model for radical-initiated oxidation of organic aerosols.  

PubMed

The reaction of Cl radicals with bis (2-ethylhexyl) sebacate (also known as dioctyl sebacate, DOS) particles in the presence of O(2) is studied as a model of radical-initiated oxidation of organic aerosols. The uptake coefficient as measured from the rate of loss of DOS is gamma(DOS) = 1.7 (+/-0.3) indicating that a radical chain is operative. It is observed that nearly all of the detected products, accounting for 86% (+/-12%) of the reacted DOS, remain in the particles indicating that they are not efficiently volatilized. Correspondingly, the particles do not decrease in volume even after 60% of the DOS has reacted; upon further reaction the volume does decrease by up to 20%. Additionally, the mass of a DOS film increases with reaction indicating that the density increases. The two primary products identified are the ketone (38 +/- 10% yield) and alcohol (14 +/- 4% yield) resulting from reactions of alkylperoxy radicals originating from DOS oxidation. The fact that the ketone/alcohol ratio is >1 implies that the Russell mechanism, the typical fate of alkylperoxy radicals in liquids whereby both a ketone and an alcohol are generated, is not the only source of ketones. In fact, the ketone yield demonstrates a Langmuir-Hinshelwood type dependence on the O(2) concentration indicating that 44% (+/-8%) of the ketone is created from the reaction of alkoxy radicals with O(2) at the surface of the particles (at 20% O(2)). While this is a common reaction in the gas phase, it is generally not considered to occur in organic solvents. Furthermore, the appearance of gas-phase H(2)O(2) suggests that peroxy radicals react to form two ketones and H(2)O(2)via the Bennett and Summers mechanism. The absence of aldehyde products, both in the gas phase and in the particles, indicates that beta-scission of the alkoxy radicals is not significant. The results of this study suggest that organic aerosols in the troposphere are efficiently oxidized by gas-phase radicals but that their chemical transformation does not lead to their removal through volatilization. PMID:17712459

Hearn, John D; Renbaum, Lindsay H; Wang, Xi; Smith, Geoffrey D

2007-09-14

231

Activation of ATP Binding for the Autophosphorylation of DosS, a Mycobacterium tuberculosis Histidine Kinase Lacking an ATP Lid Motif*  

PubMed Central

The sensor histidine kinases of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, DosS and DosT, are responsible for sensing hypoxic conditions and consist of sensor and kinase cores responsible for accepting signals and phosphorylation activity, respectively. The kinase core contains a dimerization and histidine phosphate-accepting (DHp) domain and an ATP binding domain (ABD). The 13 histidine kinase genes of M. tuberculosis can be grouped based on the presence or absence of the ATP lid motif and F box (elements known to play roles in ATP binding) in their ABDs; DosS and DosT have ABDs lacking both these elements, and the crystal structures of their ABDs indicated that they were unsuitable for ATP binding, as a short loop covers the putative ATP binding site. Although the ABD alone cannot bind ATP, the kinase core is functional in autophosphorylation. Appropriate spatial arrangement of the ABD and DHp domain within the kinase core is required for both autophosphorylation and ATP binding. An ionic interaction between Arg440 in the DHp domain and Glu537 in the short loop of the ABD is available and may open the ATP binding site, by repositioning the short loop away from the site. Mutations at Arg440 and Glu537 reduce autophosphorylation activity. Unlike other histidine kinases containing an ATP lid, which protects bound ATP, DosS is unable to accept ATP until the ABD is properly positioned relative to the histidine; this may prevent unexpected ATP reactions. ATP binding can, therefore, function as a control mechanism for histidine kinase activity.

Cho, Ha Yeon; Lee, Young-Hoon; Bae, Young-Seuk; Kim, Eungbin; Kang, Beom Sik

2013-01-01

232

Immunogenicity of Novel DosR Regulon-Encoded Candidate Antigens of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Three High-Burden Populations in Africa? †  

PubMed Central

Increasing knowledge about DosR regulon-encoded proteins has led us to produce novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens for immunogenicity testing in human populations in three countries in Africa to which tuberculosis (TB) is endemic. A total of 131 tuberculin skin test-positive and/or ESAT-6/CFP10-positive, human immunodeficiency virus-negative adult household contacts of active pulmonary TB cases from South Africa (n = 56), The Gambia (n = 26), and Uganda (n = 49) were tested for gamma interferon responses to 7 classical and 51 DosR regulon-encoded M. tuberculosis recombinant protein antigens. ESAT-6/CFP10 fusion protein evoked responses in >75% of study participants in all three countries. Of the DosR regulon-encoded antigens tested, Rv1733c was the most commonly recognized by participants from both South Africa and Uganda and the third most commonly recognized antigen in The Gambia. The four most frequently recognized DosR regulon-encoded antigens in Uganda (Rv1733c, Rv0081, Rv1735c, and Rv1737c) included the three most immunogenic antigens in South Africa. In contrast, Rv3131 induced the highest percentage of responders in Gambian contacts (38%), compared to only 3.4% of Ugandan contacts and no South African contacts. Appreciable percentages of TB contacts with a high likelihood of latent M. tuberculosis infection responded to several novel DosR regulon-encoded M. tuberculosis proteins. In addition to significant similarities in antigen recognition profiles between the three African population groups, there were also disparities, which may stem from genetic differences between both pathogen and host populations. Our findings have implications for the selection of potential TB vaccine candidates and for determining biosignatures of latent M. tuberculosis infection, active TB disease, and protective immunity.

Black, Gillian F.; Thiel, Bonnie A.; Ota, Martin O.; Parida, Shreemanta K.; Adegbola, Richard; Boom, W. Henry; Dockrell, Hazel M.; Franken, Kees L. M. C.; Friggen, Annemiek H.; Hill, Philip C.; Klein, Michel R.; Lalor, Maeve K.; Mayanja, Harriet; Schoolnik, Gary; Stanley, Kim; Weldingh, Karin; Kaufmann, Stefan H. E.; Walzl, Gerhard; Ottenhoff, Tom H. M.

2009-01-01

233

MprA and DosR Coregulate a Mycobacterium tuberculosis Virulence Operon Encoding Rv1813c and Rv1812c  

PubMed Central

Mycobacterium tuberculosis remains a significant global pathogen, causing extensive morbidity and mortality worldwide. This bacterium persists within granulomatous lesions in a poorly characterized, nonreplicating state. The two-component signal transduction systems MprAB and DosRS-DosT (DevRS-Rv2027c) are responsive to conditions likely to be present within granulomatous lesions and mediate aspects of M. tuberculosis persistence in vitro and in vivo. Here, we describe a previously uncharacterized locus, Rv1813c-Rv1812c, that is coregulated by both MprA and DosR. We demonstrate that MprA and DosR bind to adjacent and overlapping sequences within the promoter region of Rv1813c and direct transcription from an initiation site located several hundred base pairs upstream of the Rv1813 translation start site. We further show that Rv1813c and Rv1812c are cotranscribed, and that the genomic organization of this operon is specific to M. tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis. Although Rv1813c is not required for survival of M. tuberculosis in vitro, including under conditions in which MprAB and DosRST signaling are activated, an M. tuberculosis ?Rv1813c mutant is attenuated in the low-dose aerosol model of murine tuberculosis, where it exhibits a lower bacterial burden, delayed time to death, and decreased ability to stimulate proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1? (IL-1?) and IL-12. Interestingly, overcomplementation of these phenotypes is observed in the M. tuberculosis ?Rv1813c mutant expressing both Rv1813c and Rv1812c, but not Rv1813c alone, in trans. Therefore, Rv1813c and Rv1812c may represent general stress-responsive elements that are necessary for aspects of M. tuberculosis virulence and the host immune response to infection.

Bretl, Daniel J.; He, Hongjun; Demetriadou, Crystalla; White, Mark J.; Penoske, Renee M.; Salzman, Nita H.

2012-01-01

234

Estudo do sector eléctrico e electrónico: uma análise desagregada, ao nível dos 40 principais produtos do comércio bilateral comunitário e ao nível das principais empresas, para o período 1980 - 1992  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neste artigo faz-se: I) a caracterização do sector eléctrico - electrónico utilizando vários indicadores, dos quais destacamos as medidas de capital humano, em termos de stock e de fluxo, as medidas de concentração industrial e da escala mínima de eficiência (economias de escala) as medidas do peso das PMEs e as medidas da inovação tecnológica; ÍI) o ranking dos principais

Horácio Crespo Faustino

1995-01-01

235

Appropriate DevR (DosR)-Mediated Signaling Determines Transcriptional Response, Hypoxic Viability and Virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis  

PubMed Central

Background The DevR(DosR) regulon is implicated in hypoxic adaptation and virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The present study was designed to decipher the impact of perturbation in DevR-mediated signaling on these properties. Methodology/Principal Findings M. tb complemented (Comp) strains expressing different levels of DevR were constructed in Mut1* background (expressing DevR N-terminal domain in fusion with AphI (DevRN-Kan) and in Mut2?devR background (deletion mutant). They were compared for their hypoxia adaptation and virulence properties. Diverse phenotypes were noted; basal level expression (?5.3±2.3 µM) when induced to levels equivalent to WT levels (?25.8±9.3 µM) was associated with robust DevR regulon induction and hypoxic adaptation (Comp 9* and 10*), whereas low-level expression (detectable at transcript level) as in Comp 11* and Comp15 was associated with an adaptation defect. Intermediate-level expression (?3.3±1.2 µM) partially restored hypoxic adaptation functions in Comp2, but not in Comp1* bacteria that co-expressed DevRN-Kan. Comp* strains in Mut1* background also exhibited diverse virulence phenotypes; high/very low-level DevR expression was associated with virulence whereas intermediate-level expression was associated with low virulence. Transcription profiling and gene expression analysis revealed up-regulation of the phosphate starvation response (PSR) in Mut1* and Comp11* bacteria, but not in WT/Mut2?devR/other Comp strains, indicating a plasticity in expression pathways that is determined by the magnitude of signaling perturbation through DevRN-Kan. Conclusions/Significance A minimum DevR concentration of ?3.3±1.2 µM (as in Comp2 bacteria) is required to support HspX expression in the standing culture hypoxia model. The relative intracellular concentrations of DevR and DevRN-Kan appear to be critical for determining dormancy regulon induction, hypoxic adaptation and virulence. Dysregulated DevRN-Kan-mediated signaling selectively triggers the PSR in bacteria expressing no/very low level of DevR. Our findings illustrate the important role of appropriate two-component- mediated signaling in pathogen physiology and the resilience of bacteria when such signaling is perturbed.

De Majumdar, Shyamasree; Vashist, Atul; Dhingra, Sakshi; Gupta, Rajesh; Singh, Alka; Challu, Vijay K.; Ramanathan, V. D.; Kumar, Prahlad; Tyagi, Jaya Sivaswami

2012-01-01

236

Assembly of overlapping DNA sequences by a program written in BASIC for 64K CP/M and MS-DOS IBM-compatible microcomputers.  

PubMed Central

The SEQALIGN programs1 described in this report aid in the assembly of up to 100 individual overlapping DNA sequences generated by M-13 subcloning and sequencing methods. The program produces a printout of the aligned sequences presented in register. Use of the program will be facilitated because 1) it is written with the Microsoft BASIC interpreter, 2) sequence data may be entered and edited using WORDSTAR or similar word processing programs, and 3) hardware requirements for execution of the program on CP/M or MS-DOS (IBM-PC compatible) systems are minimal.

Johnston, R E; Mackenzie, J M; Dougherty, W G

1986-01-01

238

Michael Porter 30 anos depois de Estratégia Competitiva: Influência do autor nos trabalhos brasileiros em estratégia ? estudo bibliométrico em trabalhos dos últimos dez anos do Enanpad  

Microsoft Academic Search

Os estudos de estratégia empresarial têm sido muito influenciados pelos trabalhos de Michael Porter, em particular na estratégia competitiva, análise da indústria e das vantagens competitivas das nações. Neste artigo, analisamos a influência de Porter nos trabalhos brasileiros em estratégia, a partir dos trabalhos selecionados e apresentados no ENANPAD. No levantamento para a análise dos artigos, considerando 10 anos de

Aline Botelho Schneider; Marcelo Lopes Carneiro; Fernando A. Ribeiro Serra; Manuel Portugal Ferreira

2008-01-01

239

Avaliação da neotectônica no município de Angra dos Reis, setor sul-fluminense da Serra do Mar, com base em mapas morfométricos gerados em Sistemas de Informações Geográficas (SIG)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Morphotectonic maps applied in neotectonics analysis was first used in 60´s and, since then, methods of evaluation of morphometric parameters have been constantly improved with the development of new techniques. In this study, the influence of the Cenozoic tectonics on the landscape dynamics is evaluated in Angra dos Reis city, based on the analysis of the correlation between morphometric (base

Elizete Domingues Salvador; Jorge Pimentel

2009-01-01

240

ASPECTS OF THE ECOLOGY OF PHLEBOTOMINES (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) IN AN AREA OF CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS OCCURRENCE, MUNICIPALITY OF ANGRA DOS REIS, COAST OF RIO DE JANEIRO STATE, BRAZIL  

PubMed Central

Over a complete two-year period, phlebotomine specimens were caught in an area of cutaneous leishmaniasis occurrence in the municipality of Angra dos Reis. A manual suction tube was used to catch phlebotomines on house walls, and also light traps in domestic and peridomestic settings and in the forest. This yielded 14,170 specimens of 13 species: two in the genus Brumptomyia and eleven in the genus Lutzomyia. L. intermedia predominantly in domestic and peridomestic settings, with little presence in the forest, with the same trend being found in relation to L. migonei, thus proving that these species have adapted to the human environment. L. fischeri appeared to be eclectic regarding location, but was seen to be proportionally more endophilic. L. intermedia and L. migonei were more numerous in peridomestic settings, throughout the year, while L. fischeri was more numerous in domestic settings except in March, April, May and September. From the prevalence of L. intermedia, its proven anthropophily and findings of this species naturally infected with Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis, it can be incriminated as the main vector for this agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the study area, especially in the peridomestic environment. L. fischeri may be a coadjuvant in carrying the parasite.

de Aguiar, Gustavo Marins; de Azevedo, Alfredo Carlos Rodrigues; de Medeiros, Wagner Muniz; Alves, Joao Ricardo Carreira; Rendeiro, Vanessa

2014-01-01

241

Diverging DOS strategy using an allene-containing tryptophan scaffold and a library design that maximizes biologically relevant chemical space while minimizing the number of compounds.  

PubMed

A diverging diversity-oriented synthesis (DOS) strategy using an allene-containing tryptophan as a key starting material was investigated. An allene-yne substituted derivative of tryptophan 12 gave indolylmethylazabicyclooctadiene 17 when subjected to a microwave-assisted allenic [2 + 2] cycloaddition reaction. This same tryptophan-derived precursor afforded an indolylmethyldihydrocyclopentapyridinone 14 when subjected to a rhodium(I)-catalyzed cyclocarbonylation reaction and an indolylmethylpyrrolidinocyclopentenones 16 when reacted with molybdenum hexacarbonyl. Construction of allenic tetrahydro-?-carboline scaffolds via a Pictet-Spengler reaction and subsequent silver(I)-catalyzed cycloisomerization afforded tetrahydroindolizinoindoles (21). Attachment of allene and alkyne groups to the tetrahydro-?-carboline, followed by a microwave-assisted allenic [2 + 2] cycloaddition reaction, provided tetrahydrocyclobutaindoloquinolizinones 24 and the tetrahydrocyclopentenone indolizinoindolone 26 when reacted with molybdenum hexacarbonyl. These six scaffolds were used as templates for the construction of a virtual library of 11?748 compounds employing 44 indoles, 12 aldehydes, and 51 alkynes. Diversity analyses using a combination of cell-based chemistry space computations using BCUT (Burden (B) CAS (C) Pearlman at the University of Texas (UT)) metrics and Tanimoto coefficient (Tc) similarity calculations using two-dimensional (2D) fingerprints showed that the compounds in the virtual library occupied new chemical space when compared to the 327,000 compounds in the molecular libraries small molecule repository (MLSMR). A subset of fifty-three compounds was identified from the virtual library using the DVS package of Sybyl 8.0; this subset represents the most diverse compounds within the chemical space defined by these compounds and will be synthesized and screened for biological activity. PMID:21332123

Painter, Thomas O; Wang, Lirong; Majumder, Supriyo; Xie, Xiang-Qun; Brummond, Kay M

2011-03-14

242

Heme Ligand Binding Properties and Intradimer Interactions in the Full-length Sensor Protein Dos from Escherichia coli and Its Isolated Heme Domain*  

PubMed Central

Dos from Escherichia coli is a bacterial gas sensor protein comprising a heme-containing gas sensor domain and a phosphodiesterase catalytic domain. Using a combination of static light scattering and gel filtration experiments, we established that, as are many other sensor proteins, the full-length protein is dimeric. The full-length dimer (association constant <10 nm) is more stable than the dimeric heme domain (association constant ?1 ?m), and the dimer interface presumably includes both sensor and catalytic domains. Ultrafast spectroscopic studies showed little influence of the catalytic domain on kinetic processes in the direct vicinity of the heme. By contrast, the properties of ligand (CO and O2) binding to the heme in the sensor domain, occurring on a microsecond to second time scale, were found to be influenced by (i) the presence of the catalytic domain, (ii) the dimerization state, and in dimers, (iii) the ligation state of the other subunit. These results imply allosteric interactions within dimers. Steady-state titrations demonstrated marked cooperativity in oxygen binding to both the full-length protein and the isolated heme domain, a feature not reported to date for any dimeric sensor protein. Analysis of a variety of time-resolved experiments showed that Met-95 plays a major role in the intradimer interactions. The intrinsic binding and dissociation rates of Met-95 to the heme were modulated ?10-fold by intradimer and sensor-catalytic domain interactions. Dimerization effects were also observed for cyanide binding to the ferric heme domains, suggesting a similar role for Met-95 in ferric proteins.

Lechauve, Christophe; Bouzhir-Sima, Latifa; Yamashita, Taku; Marden, Michael C.; Vos, Marten H.; Liebl, Ursula; Kiger, Laurent

2009-01-01

243

The Residue Threonine 82 of DevR (DosR) Is Essential for DevR Activation and Function in Mycobacterium tuberculosis Despite Its Atypical Location?  

PubMed Central

The DevR (DosR) response regulator initiates the bacterial adaptive response to a variety of signals, including hypoxia in in vitro models of dormancy. Its receiver domain works as a phosphorylation-mediated switch to activate the DNA binding property of its output domain. Receiver domains are characterized by the presence of several highly conserved residues, and these sequence features correlate with structure and hence function. In response regulators, interaction of phosphorylated aspartic acid at the active site with the conserved threonine is believed to be crucial for phosphorylation-mediated conformational change. DevR contains all the conserved residues, but the structure of its receiver domain in the unphosphorylated protein is strikingly different, and key threonine (T82), tyrosine (Y101), and lysine (K104) residues are placed uncharacteristically far from the D54 phosphorylation site. In view of the atypical location of T82 in DevR, the present study aimed to examine the importance of this residue in the activation mechanism. Mycobacterium tuberculosis expressing a DevR T82A mutant protein is defective in autoregulation and supports hypoxic induction of the DevR regulon only very weakly. These defects are ascribed to slow and partial phosphorylation and the failure of T82A mutant protein to bind cooperatively with DNA. Our results indicate that the T82 residue is crucial in implementing conformational changes in DevR that are essential for cooperative binding and for subsequent gene activation. We propose that the function of the T82 residue in the activation mechanism of DevR is conserved in spite of the unusual architecture of its receiver domain.

Gautam, Uma Shankar; Sikri, Kriti; Tyagi, Jaya Sivaswami

2011-01-01

244

The residue threonine 82 of DevR (DosR) is essential for DevR activation and function in Mycobacterium tuberculosis despite its atypical location.  

PubMed

The DevR (DosR) response regulator initiates the bacterial adaptive response to a variety of signals, including hypoxia in in vitro models of dormancy. Its receiver domain works as a phosphorylation-mediated switch to activate the DNA binding property of its output domain. Receiver domains are characterized by the presence of several highly conserved residues, and these sequence features correlate with structure and hence function. In response regulators, interaction of phosphorylated aspartic acid at the active site with the conserved threonine is believed to be crucial for phosphorylation-mediated conformational change. DevR contains all the conserved residues, but the structure of its receiver domain in the unphosphorylated protein is strikingly different, and key threonine (T82), tyrosine (Y101), and lysine (K104) residues are placed uncharacteristically far from the D54 phosphorylation site. In view of the atypical location of T82 in DevR, the present study aimed to examine the importance of this residue in the activation mechanism. Mycobacterium tuberculosis expressing a DevR T82A mutant protein is defective in autoregulation and supports hypoxic induction of the DevR regulon only very weakly. These defects are ascribed to slow and partial phosphorylation and the failure of T82A mutant protein to bind cooperatively with DNA. Our results indicate that the T82 residue is crucial in implementing conformational changes in DevR that are essential for cooperative binding and for subsequent gene activation. We propose that the function of the T82 residue in the activation mechanism of DevR is conserved in spite of the unusual architecture of its receiver domain. PMID:21764934

Gautam, Uma Shankar; Sikri, Kriti; Tyagi, Jaya Sivaswami

2011-09-01

245

The Serra Pelada Au-PGE deposit, Serra dos Carajás (Pará State, Brazil): geological and geochemical indications for a composite mineralising process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Serra Pelada Au-PGE-rich deposit is located in the Serra dos Carajás, a leading mining area in Brazil. This region is characterised by a complex geological and structural framework and is affected by deep lateritisation which has lasted for more than 70 Ma. The Serra Pelada deposit is emplaced in a late-Archean low-grade metasedimentary sequence (Rio Fresco/Águas Claras Formation) which is host to other gold deposits in the region (Igarapé Bahia, Águas Claras). The Rio Fresco/Águas Claras sequence was deposited in tectonic basins developed on Archean basement and Au-bearing greenstone terranes which were intruded by PGE-rich layered mafic complexes (e.g. Luanga). The Serra Pelada mineralisation is located along a regional, complex system of strike-slip faults (Cinzento-Carajás systems) which were active during the late Archean to early Proterozoic. The mineralisation appears to be concentrated along a faulted hinge zone of a fold. Ore zone rock facies are dominated by low-grade ferruginous to carbonaceous metasiltstones and minor sandstones, locally brecciated and cemented by quartz (±sulphide) stockwork. Supergene alteration led to partial to total transformation into friable aggregates of kaolinite, Fe oxide-hydroxides, silica and secondary phosphate-sulphates even at depths exceeding 200 m. Precious metals are exceptionally enriched, with up to more than 1,000 ppm Au+PGE in some peculiar ferruginous-graphitic zones locally called "hidrotermalito". Geochemistry shows complex patterns of major and trace elements, particularly rare-earth elements (REE), in mineralised vs. nonmineralised samples. These patterns are interpreted in terms of variable degree of superposition of hydrothermal and supergene alteration. Precious metals show progressive increase from samples with hydrothermal imprint to samples with supergene imprint. The geological evolution of the Carajás region and the characteristics of mineralisation at Serra Pelada may suggest a composite mineralising process: hydrothermal activity (by fluids likely originated from granitoids) was followed by supergene alteration during long-lasting lateritisation to develop extreme precious metal enrichments in a geological context probably already anomalous for Au and PGE.

Moroni, Marilena; Girardi, Vicente A.; Ferrario, Alfredo

2001-12-01

246

Discovery of the base of the Pinal Schist and the Bear Canyon sequence below it in the eastern Metamorphic terrane of the Dos Cabezas mountains, Cochise County, Arizona  

SciTech Connect

The eastern metamorphic terrane of the Dos Cabezas mountains is underlain by Pinal Schist (PS). Recent detailed mapping along the western edge of this terrane shows that a flat planar regional unconformity (UC) bounds this Pinal body at its western stratigraphic base. Below the UC lies 8 km[sup 2] of greenschist facies metapelites and metafelsites here given the provisional name of the Bear Canyon sequence (BCS). The PS above the UC is over 10 stratigraphic km, grading from 1 km conglomerate at the base (clasts are metafelsites and metasediments with very minor quartz and granite) up into 3 km of sandstones and then pelite, all with greenschist facies overprint. Relict bedding with abundant crossbedding is common; the sequence is upright. Foliation parallels bedding. Lineation is absent. The UC itself is well exposed in two places, on both sides of Happy Camp Canyon (HCC). On the west of HCC, the surface is exposed at the mouth of Bear Canyon (NW1/4 Sec. 31, T13S R28E) striking south and then southwest about 4 km, ending in the N center of Sec. 12, T14S R27E. The unconformity and the Pinal above it lie NS 30E in the north and smoothly swing to NE 50 SE in the south. Below the UC are 6 km[sup 2] of metasandstone and metafelsites of the BCS. The metasandstone is quartz-sericite schist with strong lineation ([minus]50 S70E) in its northern km of exposure. Bedding and foliation are NS 60 E in N, and NE 70 SE in S. This schist body is intruded on the E by a dike of quartz-phyric metafelsite to 1 km wide which underlies the UC along its entire length. The felsite shows strong relict flow layering and no foliation. Flow layering is NS 90 in the N, and strikes and dips variably in the S. A 1/4 km[sup 2] metafelsite plug intrudes the schist on the W, with flow layering NE 90. The two exposures of the UC are separated by a Precambrian normal fault striking N45E and dipping moderately SE under HCC alluvial fill; it has about a km of dip slip.

Erickson, R.C. (Sonoma State Univ., Rohnert Park, CA (United States). Geology Dept.)

1993-04-01

247

ESTUDO GEOAMBIENTAL DO CURSO MÉDIO DA BACIA HIDROGRÁFICA DO RIO VERDE - CAMPO LARGO\\/PR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: A preocupação com questões ambientais tem crescido nos últimos anos motivada, principalmente, pela busca da sociedade por conhecimentos que apontem amenização e soluções de problemas tanto em áreas urbanas como rurais. Diante desta preocupação e utilizando como base teórico-metodológica a Geomorfologia Ambiental, este trabalho apresenta um estudo geoambiental do curso médio da bacia hidrográfica do rio Verde, localizado no

Maristela Moresco Mezzomo; Andreia Quintão Soares

248

Codigo de calculo de campos magneticos FLINESH. (FLINESH computer code for magnetic fields calculation).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper describes the 'FLINESH' computer code for magnetic fields calculation developed for the simulation of field configurations in plasma magnetic confinement devices. The expressions for the poloidal field and flux, the program structure and the in...

C. S. Shibata A. Montes R. M. O. Galvao

1994-01-01

249

Pesticide Safety for Farmworkers (Uso Seguro de Pesticidas para los Trabajadores del Campo).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The manual was developed as a supplemental guide to the Farmworkers Pesticide Safety Training slide-tape program. The manual provides basic pesticide safety information for farmworkers including: pesticide label information, protective clothing, recognizi...

B. Poli S. S. Fluker

1985-01-01

250

La epigenética y los estudios en gemelos en el campo de la psiquiatría  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The sequence of the human genome integrates the keystone of our life. Part of it is transcribed to RNA, which in turn provides the information required by our cells to produce proteins. Discoveries in the genetics field have been essential to medicine and have been used to develop strategies to modify, prevent and propose new therapeutic approaches for human

Adriana Estrella González Ramírez; Alejandro Díaz Martínez; Adriana Díaz-Anzaldúa

2008-01-01

251

Produccion y Uso de Gliricidia: Manual de Campo (Gliricidia Production and Use).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Winrock International and the Nitrogen Fixing Tree Association (NFTA) have published NFTA's popular field manual Gliricidia Production and Use (Produccion y Uso de Gliricidia) in Spanish. Gliricidia is a versatile, fast-growing nitrogen fixing tropical tr...

J. Brewbaker P. Cheeke N. Glover C. Hughes D. Kass M. Kass B. Seibert J. Stewart J. Sumberg F. Wiersum

1989-01-01

252

Notarios y agricultores: Crecimiento y atraso en el campo mexicano, 1780–1920  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1909, with Mexico on the verge of revolution, a public notary from the central-plateau town of Jilotepec published a book that would deeply influence the tenor and tone of national resource policy in the twentieth century. Andres Molina Enriquez's Los Grandes Problemas Nacionales set forth a scathing critique of the hacienda system, faulting its feudalistic tendencies, venal landlords, and

Jeff M. Banister

2009-01-01

253

A diarrheal diseases control program among Nicaraguan refugee children in Campo Luna, Honduras.  

PubMed

A pilot study was planned and carried out in a Nicaraguan refugee camp in Honduras during November and December 1978 in an effort to reduce the incidence of severe dehydration among diarrheal patients arriving at the health center and to determine whether or not an auxiliary with limited training could correctly triage and supervise oral rehydration of children with diarrheal diseases. 71 refugee children arriving at the Camp Luna Health Center with mild or moderate diarrhea were admitted to the study. Diagnoses and assessments of dehydration were performed by a trained nurse auxiliary solely on the basis of the following clinical signs: decreased skin turgor; sunken eyes or fontanel; rapid, faint, or irregular radial pulse; diminished urine output; dry mucosa; and general appearance. Mothers were provided with 2 liters of "Oralyte" solution and were instructed to administer as much solution to the children as they could tolerate, beginning with an initial regimen of 200cc every 3-4 hours. Breastfeeding was encouraged. The auxiliary demonstrated how to correctly prepare and use the solution. 83% of the cases occurred in children younger than age 2, 66 of the 71 children completed the course of treatment, and 52 (80%) were completely asymptomatic at discharge. 12 were fully rehydrated but had persistent mucoid stools; 1 was discharged despite continued vomiting; and 1 was referred to a hospital. Overall, the study underscored the need to educate mothers regarding diarrheal disease and the proper use of oral rehydration. The study demonstrated that with proper instruction and supervision mothers can successfully deliver oral rehydration therapy to their children in a field setting. PMID:7236934

Isaza, P; de Quinteros, Z T; Pineda, E; Parchment, C; Aguilar, E; McQuestion, M J

1980-01-01

254

Model Programs: Compensatory Education. The Juan Morel Campos Bilingual Center, Chicago, Illinois.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The bilingual program described in this booklet offers intermediate-grade English and Spanish instruction to Spanish-speaking children from an economically disadvantaged neighborhood in one of Chicago's largest school districts. The descriptive information presented here concerns context and objectives, necessary personnel, educational…

National Center for Educational Communication (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.

255

Recursive Analysis of the Geomagnetic Vector Field Calculo Recursivo Do Vetor Campo Geomagnetico.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer program to evaluate the geomagnetic field components in geographic reference systems by using the Gauss model of order and degree 10 and with the International Geomagnetic Reference Field Coefficients 1980 is presented. The algorithm is recursi...

R. V. D. F. Lopes V. Carrara H. K. Kuga V. M. Demedeiros

1983-01-01

256

INFLUENCIA DEL CAMPO RESIDUAL TENSO-DEFORMACIONAL EN LA FRAGILIZACIÓN POR HIDRÓGENO DE ACEROS DE PRETENSADO  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydrogen induced fracture (HIF) plays an important role in the performance of cold-drawn prestressing steel wires in harsh environments. To this end, the knowledge of residual stresses and plastic strains in wires due to cold-drawing, as well as of wires hydrogenation from harsh environments are the keys to successful predictions of wire lives. This paper advances previous analyses of HIF

V. Kharin; J. G. Ballesteros; J. A. Blanco; D. Vergara; J. Toribio

257

Impact of natural climate change and historical land use on vegetation cover and geomorphological process dynamics in the Serra dos Órgãos mountain range in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Serra dos Órgãos mountain range in the hinterland of Rio de Janeiro contains extensive remnants of the Atlantic Forest (Mata Atlântica) biome, which once covered about 1.5 million km² from Northeast to South Brazil and further inland to Paraguay and Argentina. As a result of historical deforestation and recent land use intensification processes today only 5 to 8% of the original Atlantic Forest remains. Despite the dramatic habitat loss and a high degree of forest fragmentation, the remnants are among the Earth’s most diverse habitats in terms of species richness. Furthermore, they are characterized by a high level of endemism. Therefore, the biome is considered a "hotspot of biodiversity". In the last years many efforts have been taken to investigate the Mata Atlântica biome in different spatial and time scales and from different scientific perspectives. We are working in the Atlantic Forest of Rio de Janeiro since 2004 and focus in our research particularly on Quaternary landscape evolution and landscape history. By means of landscape and soil archives we reconstruct changes in the landscape system, which are mainly the result of Quaternary climate variability, young tectonic uplift and human impact. The findings throw light on paleoecological conditions in the Late Quaternary and the impact of pre-colonial and colonial land use practices on these landscapes. In this context, a main focus is set on climate and human-driven changes of the vegetation cover and its consequences for the geomorphological process dynamics, in particular erosion and sedimentation processes. Research methods include geomorphological field studies, interpretation of satellite images, physical and chemical sediment and soil analyses as well as relative and absolute dating (Feo/Fed ratio and 14C dating). For the Late Quaternary landscape evolution, the findings are compared with results from paleoclimatic and paloecological investigations in Southeast and South Brazil using other dating techniques, such as pollen analysis. The impact of early civilizations on deforestation, forest fragmentation and geomorphological process dynamics is estimated on the basis of archaeological and anthropological findings. Furthermore, historical sources, such as written documents, maps, paintings and photographs, were collected and analysed to get a more detailed picture of the younger landscape history. As a result we present a landscape genetic model for the Late Quaternary in the Serra dos Órgãos mountain range and the Guanabara Basin. Based on a functional analysis of the natural process dynamics we reconstruct the human impact on the vegetation cover and related erosion and sedimentation processes in different time periods. According to this, the polycyclic climate fluctuations in the Pleistocene emerge as periods of stability and instability in the landscape system. During dry and cool periods of the Ice Ages forests drew back and erosion processes increased, causing higher erosion and deposition rates on slopes and stronger incision of river beds, accompanied by a deposition of gravels. The colluvial soils presently found in the mountain region were mainly deposited during the last instability period in the Late Pleistocene (Wisconsin) and Early Holocene. With the return of rainforests from their retreats under wetter climate conditions in the mid Holocene, slopes were stabilized under a dense vegetation cover. In the Late Holocene erosion conditions changed again with human deforestation and land use, which led to high erosion rates in the mountainous landscape. Concerning the human impact on rainforests and geomorphological process dynamics we give an overview of the pre-historical (Sambaqui, Tupi) and historical (colonial exploitation cycles) landscape transformation and degradation processes for different landscape units within the Serra dos Órgãos and its floodplains. The results not only give a detailed picture of historical land use patterns and landscape degradation processes, but also contribute to the understanding of rece

Nehren, U.; Sattler, D.; Heinrich, J.

2010-03-01

258

Não ao sedentarismo, sim à saúde: contribuições da Educação Física escolar e dos esportes No to sedentarianism, yes to health: contributions of school physical education and sports No al sedentarismo, sí a la salud: contribuciones de la educación física en la escuela y de los deportes  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: Um dos grandes problemas enfrentados pelos povos no mundo se refere ao sedentarismo. Associado a ele, a obesidade, as cardiopatias, a diabetes e tantas outras doenças aparecem com índices muito preocupantes principalmente nas populações de jovens em idade escolar. A tecnologia parece agravar mais ainda este quadro. Entretanto, a prática da atividade física regular, com orientação, com vestimenta e

Ubiratan Silva Alves

259

Tritium ((3)H) as a tracer for monitoring the dispersion of conservative radionuclides discharged by the Angra dos Reis nuclear power plants in the Piraquara de Fora Bay, Brazil.  

PubMed

Presently, two nuclear power plants operate in Brazil. Both are located at Itaorna beach, Angra dos Reis, approximately 133 km from Rio de Janeiro city. The reactor cooling circuits require the input of seawater, which is later discharged through a pipeline into the adjacent Piraquara de Fora Cove. The radioactive effluents undergo ion-exchange treatment prior to their release in batches, causing the enrichment of (3)H relative to other radionuclides in the discharged waters. Under steady state conditions, the (3)H gradient in the Piraquara de Fora waters can be used to determine the dependence of the dilution factor on the distance from the discharge point. The present work describes experiments carried out at the reactor site during batch release episodes, including time series sampling at the discharge point and surface seawater sampling every 250 m to a distance of 1250 m, after a double distillation, the (3)H concentration was measured by liquid scintillation counting applying a Quantulus liquid scintillation spectrometer. The obtained results showed a linear relationship between the (3)H concentration and distance from the discharge point. At 1250 m from the discharge point a dilution index of 1:15 was measured which fits the expected value based on modeling. PMID:24959753

de Carvalho Gomes, Franciane; Godoy, José Marcus; de Carvalho, Zenildo Lara; de Souza, Elder Magalhães; Rodrigues Silva, José Ivan; Tadeu Lopes, Ricardo

2014-10-01

260

Privatized Housing Dos and Don'ts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers tips for higher education institutions on navigating the relationship with a privatized student housing developer: don't assume the project costs nothing, do understand the difference between your goals and the developer's, do create a feasibility study, don't treat every relationship the same, do put the student first, and don't forget the…

Milshtein, Amy

2003-01-01

261

Dos and Don'ts (Pregnancy)  

MedlinePLUS

... foods. Include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, calciumrich foods, lean meats, and a variety of cooked seafood. • Get ... ov U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office on Women’s Health http://www.womenshealth.gov 1- ...

262

Pepita Talks Twice = Pepita habla dos veces.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This illustrated bilingual children's book (English and Spanish), relates the story of Pepita, a young Hispanic girl who is fluent in both Spanish and English. Pepita always helps when asked to talk for others in Spanish and English. But one day Pepita decides she doesn't want to help anymore. She wants to hurry and get home from school before her…

Lachtman, Ofelia Dumas

263

DOS-Resistant Authentication with Client Puzzles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Denial of service by server resource exhaustion has become a major security threat in open communications networks. Public-key authentication does not completely protect against the attacks because the authentication protocols often leave ways for an unauthenticated client to consume a server' s memory space and computational resources by initiating a large number of protocol runs and inducing the server to

Tuomas Aura; Pekka Nikander; Jussipekka Leiwo

2000-01-01

264

DEGRADABILIDADE RUMINAL DOS SUBPRODUTOS AGROINDUSTRIAIS DO CAJU (\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The experiment was carried out at the Forage Research Unit in the Federal University of Ceará, with the objective of evaluating the ruminal Dry Matter disappeareance (RDMD) of agroindustria l by -products (AB). Three male sheep, with permanent ruminal cannulas, were used in a randomized block design. The potencial (PD) and efetive degradabilities (ED) of by-products of cashew (BC), graviola

JOSÉ VALMIR FEITOSA; JOSÉ NEUMAN; MIRANDA NEIVA; CÉSAR MOURA; DAVI CAVALCANTE DE AQUINO

265

ANATOMIA DA SIRINGE DOS DENDROCOLAPTIDAE (AVES, PASSERIFORMES)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Syrinx anatomy of the Dendrocolaptidae (Aves, Passeriformes). The syrinx is the vocal organ of the birds and it corresponds to a modification of the apparatus respiratorius, being at most of the cases, localized at the caudal end of the trachea and the cranial portion of the bronchi. The main purpose of this paper is to describe the syrinx anatomy of

MARCOS A. RAPOSO; ELIZABETH HÖFLING; RENATO GABAN-LIMA; RENATA STOPIGLIA; PATRÍCIA FORMOZO

266

El mercado de los economistas y el mercado de los sociologos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este artículo explora la posible ‘fertilización cruzada’ entre la sociología y la economía recurriendo a trabajos sociológicos recientes sobre las relaciones de mercado. Muestra que la principal diferencia entre estas dos disciplinas reside en el tipo de organización social que suponen sus modelos respectivos, y la atribuye a que los investigadores de ambos campos tienen aspiraciones distintas: mientras que los

Pétronille Rème

2005-01-01

267

Revista Mandrágora: gênero e religião nos estudos feministas  

Microsoft Academic Search

R R R R Resumo esumo esumo esumo esumo: Gênero e religião compõem uma equação ainda pouco discutida e pouco admitida. No campo dos Estudos Feministas essa relação ainda é abordada de forma muito acanhada. As iniciativas de estudo dessa temática são bastante escassas, especialmente no que tange à publicação de periódicos específicos a esse respeito. Duas das revistas acadêmicas

Sandra Duarte de Souza

2004-01-01

268

A taxonomic review of species of the Neotropical pericaline genus Oreodicastes Maindron, 1905 (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Lebiini)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on adult character states, a key is provided to the seven known species of Oreodicastes Maindron 1905 (type species Oxyglossus subcyaneus Chaudoir 1843). Two new species (with type locality) are described: 0. virginia (Fazenda dos Campos, Virginia, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil) and 0. zikani (Macieiras, Itatihia, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil).

Danny Shpeley; George E. Ball

2001-01-01

269

Micronucleus test and observation of nuclear alterations in erythrocytes of Nile tilapia exposed to waters affected by refinery effluent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Micronuclei and nuclear alterations tests were performed on erythrocytes of Oreochromis niloticus (Perciformes, Cichlidae) in order to evaluate the water quality from Paraíba do Sul river, in an area affected by effluents from an oil shale processing plant, located in the city of São José dos Campos, Brazil-SP. Water samples were collected on 2004 May and August (dry season) and

Tatiana da Silva Souza; Carmem S. Fontanetti

2006-01-01

270

Influência da Proximidade Geográfica na Dinâmica Inovativa de Firmas Localizadas em Sistemas Locais de Inovação  

Microsoft Academic Search

Propõe-se uma discussão a respeito da compreensão da dinâmica inovativa de firmas pertencentes a Sistemas Locais de Produção (SLPs). O objetivo é compreender a dinâmica inovativa de firmas localizadas em SLPs por meio das características dos fluxos de informação e conhecimento estabelecidos pelas firmas. Para tanto, foi realizada uma investigação de campo comparativa entre dois aglomerados do segmento produtor de

Janaína Ruffoni; Wilson Suzigan

2012-01-01

271

Brazil tests world's largest environmental monitoring system  

Microsoft Academic Search

An elaborate environmental monitoring system paid for by Brazil, Sivam was built by the US defense electronics contractor Raytheon Co. (Lexington, Mass.) and two Brazilian outfits, Embraer (Sao Jose dos Campos) and Atech (Sao Paulo)-the former an aeronautics company that has supplied planes for Sivam, the latter the Brazilian system integrator. The US $1.4 billion system pulls together information from

H. Riebeek

2003-01-01

272

77 FR 73270 - Airworthiness Directives; Embraer S.A. Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Publications Section (PC 060), Av. Brigadeiro Faria Lima, 2170--Putim--12227-901 S[atilde]o Jose dos Campos--SP--BRASIL; telephone +55 12 3927-5852 or +55 12 3309-0732; fax +55 12 3927-7546; email distrib@embraer.com.br;...

2012-12-10

273

75 FR 31332 - Airworthiness Directives; Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica S.A. (EMBRAER) Model EMB-120, -120ER...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Publications Section (PC 060), Av. Brigadeiro Faria Lima, 2170--Putim-- 12227-901 S[atilde]o Jose dos Campos--SP--BRASIL; telephone: +55 12 3927-5852 or +55 12 3309-0732; fax: +55 12 3927-7546; e-mail:...

2010-06-03

274

78 FR 9800 - Airworthiness Directives; Embraer S.A. Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Publications Section (PC 060), Av. Brigadeiro Faria Lima, 2170--Putim--12227-901 S[atilde]o Jose dos Campos--SP--BRASIL; telephone +55 12 3927-5852 or +55 12 3309-0732; fax +55 12 3927-7546; email distrib@embraer.com.br;...

2013-02-12

275

Checkout System Software for the Brazilian Satellite.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project was developed in the context of the first Brazilian Space Mission and is part of the Integration and Test Laboratory at INPE-Sao Jose dos Campos. The checkout system software constitutes a tool that, interposed between the test engineer and t...

F. E. C. Viola D. T. Fernandes M. J. C. Ciurria M. C. A. Amorim A. R. Benatti

1988-01-01

276

A institucionalização da precariedade: Estado e habitação popular no Aglomerado Urbano de Florianópolis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A persistente crise brasileira e as políticas econômicas adotadas nas últimas décadas reduziram drasticamente os recursos aplicados em habitações sociais. O quase desaparecimento dos programas federais que, ainda que marginalmente, financiaram populações de baixas rendas e construíram conjuntos de moradias, deu lugar a um vazio no campo das políticas habitacionais que produziu inúmeros movimentos de ocupações de áreas urbanas precárias.

Luís Fugazzola Pimenta; Margareth de Castro Afeche Pimenta

2007-01-01

277

The Measurement of X Rays 30 Kev in the Brazilian Magnetic Anomaly with Omnidirectional Detectors Medidas de Raios-X 30 Kev COM Detetores Oni Direcionais NA Anomalia Magnetica Brasileira.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Atmospheric X-Rays measurements, with energies or = 30 KeV, were performed at Sao Jose dos Campos-Brazil (23 S, 46 W Geographic) on April 14 and December 19, 1981, using omnidirectional NaI (Tl) scintillation counters on board stratospheric balloons. The ...

O. Pinto A. W. L. Gonzales A. L. D. Degonzales I. M. Martin S. L. G. Dutra

1982-01-01

278

POTENCIAL PARA A UTILIZAÇÃO DE SITEMAS DE WETLANDS NO TRATAMENTO DE ÁGUAS RESIDUÁRIAS: UMA CONTRIBUÍÇÃO A SUSTENTABILIDADE DOS RECURSOS HÍDRICOS NO BRASIL1 Potential for the Use of Wetland Systems in Wastewater Treatment: A Contribution to Sustainability of Water Resources in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

4 D.S. - DEC\\/UFV, . Resumo: Há uma estreita relação entre qualidade de vida, sustentabilidade dos recursos hídricos e controle de cargas poluidoras. Uma gama de doenças está relacionada à qualidade da água utilizada; estima-se que até 10% do tempo útil de trabalho no mundo seja desperdiçado devido às condições da água utilizada. O grande déficit nos serviços de saneamento

Aníbal da Fonseca Santiago; Maria Lúcia Calijuri

279

Observaciones de campo sobre la biologia de Metriona elatior (Col.: Chrysomelidae) en Solanum elaeagnifolium (Solanaceae) del uruguay  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Abstract  Field observations on the biology ofMetriona elatior (Col.: Chrysomelidae) onSolanum elaeagnifolium (Solanaceae) from Uruguay.\\u000a \\u000a Specimens ofMetriona elatior were found feeding on leaves of the silverleaf nightshade,Solanum elaeagnifolium, from the eastern of Uruguay since 1984. According to a field study the young leaves were skeletonized since spring to early\\u000a autumn by larvae and adults. Oothecae and pupae were found mainly on

R. Ponce de Leon; E. Morelli; P. Gonzalez Wainer

1993-01-01

280

Análisis de los métodos de cálculo de la conductividad hidráulica saturada de campo medida con permeámetro Guelph  

Microsoft Academic Search

measurements at 15 cm were done with a Guelph permeameter in a 19.75 ha catchment located in Lugo, using two constant head levels (5 and 10 cm) under differents land uses: grassland, cropland, forest and scrubland. Richards' method is generally used to calculate the field saturated hydraulic conductivity (Kfs), but invalid (negative) values are obtained in some cases. Other methods

J. Dafonte Dafonte; M. Valcárcel Armesto; X. X. Neira Seijo; A. Paz González

281

¿Qué traen las personas al juego? Experimentos de campo sobre la cooperación en los recursos de uso común  

Microsoft Academic Search

El estudio de la acción colectiva requiere la comprensión de los incentivos individuales y de las restricciones institucionales que guían a las personas en la decisión de cooperar o no, en el grupo que enfrenta este dilema. El uso de ecosistemas locales por parte de grupos de individuos es sólo un ejemplo en el que la extracción individual incrementa el

Cárdenas Juan Camilo; Elinor Ostrom

2004-01-01

282

Carbon Isotopic Heterogeneity of Graphite in the San Juan Mass of the Campo Del Cielo IAB Iron Meteorite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The origin of IAB iron meteorites is still a matter of debate. It is generally believed that iron meteorites originated from molten cores in small planetesimals because the fractionation trend of trace elements (e.g., Ir, Ge, Ga, etc. vs. Ni) for most iron meteorites can be more or less explained by fractional crystallization from metal melts. However, this process cannot produce trace element characteristics of the IAB (and other) iron meteorites. To explain these trace element abundance patterns, several models have been proposed. Although most of these models require a high temperature, clear evidence has recently been obtained for a sub-solidus formation of IAB iron meteorites from noble gas analyses. Moreover, heterogeneous distributions of some trace elements in metal and other phases also suggest a low temperature origin of at least some IAB iron meteorites. Here we use the carbon isotopic compositions of graphite to constrain the origin of IAB iron meteorites. Our data confirm a possible low temperature origin of IAB iron meteorites.

Maruoka, T.; Kurat, G.; Zinner, E.; Varela, M. E.; Ametrano, S. J.

2003-01-01

283

Riesgo laboral y residencial por exposición a campos electromagnéticos Labour and residential risk due to electromagnetic fields exposition  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the recent years, there has been an increment of ex- position to electromagnetic fields (EMF), specially residen- tial and labour exposure. Some scientist allege that exposure to electric and mag- netic fields generated mainly by electric power delivery sys- tems is responsible for health problems as reproductive dys- function, birth defects, neurological disorders and cancer. This article provides a

M. Física; Pastor Vega

284

MAPEAMENTO DIGITAL DA DINÂMICA DO PONTAL ARENOSO E DO CAMPO DE DUNAS DE ATAFONA, SÃO JOÃO DA BARRA (RJ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

They will be presented resulted gotten from the exe cuted digital mapping in the arenaceous pontal and in the dune field located in the beach of Atafona, São João da Barra (RJ), from geodesic surveys with GPS, in the ways relative and kinematic, with use of GTR-A\\/TechGeo dredges. Ahead of the ambient problem installed in this litt oral zone, next

GILBERTO PESSANHA RIBEIRO

285

Evaluation of Exploitation Alternatives of Iron - Titanium - Vanadium Ore from Campo Alegre de Lourdes (Bahia-Brazil).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An evaluation of experiences carried out in order to develop an economic process for vanadium, is presented. The attempts which are being developed in the Metallurgical Engineering Program at COPPE/UFRJ, are described, and the other technical and economic...

J. C. S. Cassa T. Ogasawara F. T. Silva O. D. Cuellar

1987-01-01

286

76 FR 29261 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Campo Wind Energy...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the potential environmental impacts of the construction and operation...level in the Draft Environmental Impact Report/ Environmental Impact Statement for the East County...or from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act, you...

2011-05-20

287

‘An Amazonian Heroickess’: The Military Leadership of Queen Henrietta Maria in Margaret Cavendish's Bell in Campo (1662)  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the English Civil War, Queen Henrietta Maria’s (1609-1669) active involvement in her husband’s, and therefore her own, political party’s defense served as both a model and mirror for Royalist women across the country. Some women were left alone to take defensive measures on the home front, while other women participated in more organized offensive fronts. The queen’s public example

Kamille Stone Stanton

2007-01-01

288

Pioneer 8 Extraterrestrial Magnetic Field Data Processing Elaborazione Dei Dati di Campo Magnetico Extraterrestre Ottenuti Dalla Sonda Pioneer 8.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The computer programs for Pioneer 8 interplanetary magnetic field data reduction are presented. After a review of the technical characteristics of the magnetometer, data sequencing, and data organization on the tapes, the various computer programs are div...

B. Bavassano A. Castelli

1972-01-01

289

Morphology and anatomy of leaf mine in Richterago riparia Roque (Asteraceae) in the campos rupestres of Serra do Cipó, Brazil.  

PubMed

The leaf mine in Richterago riparia is caused by a lepidopteran larva (lepidopteronome). The leaves of R. riparia show campdodrome venation; the epidermis is unistratified, with stomata and glandular trichomes in adaxial and abaxial surfaces. The mesophyll is bilateral and the vascular system is collateral. During the formation of the mine, the larva consumes the chlorenchyma of the mesophyll and the smaller vascular bundles (veins of third and fourth orders). Structural alterations in the tissues of the host plant were not observed, except for the formation of a wound meristem and the presence of cells with phenolic substances next to the mine. Three cephalic exuviae of the miner were found in the mesophyll. This lepidopteronome is parenchymatic and the epidermis remains intact, but forms a protective layer for the mining insect. PMID:12185918

Melo De Pinna, G F A; Kraus, J E; de Menezes, N L

2002-02-01

290

Espectroscopía del triplete del CaII de gigantes rojas del campo de la Nube Menor de Magallanes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using spectra obtained with the VLT (Chile), we determined the metallic- ity of 360 red giant field stars surrounding 15 Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) star clusters previously studied by us. Using this information, as well as that available for 13 other previously studied fields and for our 15 clusters, we found no evidence of metallicity gradient in the SMC. Besides, we observed a clear tendency for the field stars to be more metal-poor than the corresponding cluster they surround. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

Parisi, M. C.; Geisler, D.; Grocholski, A. J.; Clariá, J. J.; Sarajedini, A.

291

PICHAÇÃO: A EFICÁCIA DOS TRATAMENTOS PREVENTIVOS NA LIMPEZA DOS REVESTIM ENTOS CERÂMICOS DE FACHADA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study aims at analyzing, after a previous selection, the efficiency of two different types of anti -graffiti products available in the Brazilian market, by means of molding mortar substrata coated by three types of ceramic boards and protected by two types of anti - graffiti products. Later on, it was made the measurement of the parameters of color

M. M. Resende; J. S. Medeiros

292

Estudo de não gaussianidade nas anisotropias da RCF medidas Wmap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A investigação do campo de flutuações da Radiação Cósmica de Fundo (RCF) pode oferecer um importante teste para os modelos cosmológicos que descrevem a origem e a evolução das flutuações primordiais. De um lado, apresenta-se o modelo inflacionário que prevê um espectro de flutuações adiabáticas distribuídas segundo uma gaussiana e, de outro, os modelos de defeitos topológicos (dentre outros) que descrevem um mecanismo para a geração de flutuações de isocurvatura que obedecem a uma distribuição não gaussiana. Este trabalho tem como objetivo caracterizar traços do modelo não gaussiano de campo misto (entre flutuações adiabáticas e de isocurvatura) nos mapas do Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP). Simulações das anisotropias da RCF no contexto de mistura indicam traços marcantes na distribuição das flutuações de temperatura, mesmo quando consideradas pequenas contribuições do campo de isocurvatura (da ordem de 0.001). O efeito da mistura entre os campos resulta na transferência de potência de flutuações em escalas angulares intermediárias para flutuações em pequenas escalas angulares. Este efeito pode ser caracterizado pela relação entre as amplitudes dos primeiros picos acústicos no espectro de potência da RCF. Neste trabalho, investigamos a contribuição do campo de isocurvatura, no contexto de mistura, sobre as observações recentes da RCF realizadas pelo WMAP. As previsões do modelo de campo misto, uma vez confrontadas com as observações em pequenas escalas angulares, podem ajudar a revelar a natureza das flutuações primordiais.

Andrade, A. P. A.; Wuensche, C. A.; Ribeiro, A. L. B.

2003-08-01

293

Extensión del Formalismo de Orbitales de Defecto Cuántico al tratamiento del efecto Stark (SQDO).  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

El estudio experimental de las interacciones de átomos Rydberg altamente excitados con campos eléctricos ha experimentado un creciente interés durante las dos últimas décadas debido, en gran medida, al desarrollo de nuevas técnicas para crear y estudiar átomos Rydberg en el laboratorio. Acompañando a estas nuevas técnicas experimentales, es necesario el desarrollo de modelos teóricos que nos permitan contrastar sus medidas y conocer mejor los fundamentos de los mismos. Desde el punto de vista teórico el conocimiento del desdoblamiento de los niveles energéticos de un átomo en función de la magnitud del campo eléctrico aplicado (lo que se conoce como mapa Stark) es el mejor punto de partida para la descripción del sistema y un prerrequisito fundamental para el cálculo de distintas propiedades atómicas en presencia del campo eléctrico tales como intensidades de transición, umbrales de ionización de campo eléctrico, tiempos de vida, posición y anchura de cruces evitados, etc. En este trabajo presentamos la adaptación del método de orbitales de defecto cuántico [1,2,3] al tratamiento del efecto Stark (SQDO) [4] y su aplicación al cálculo de los desdoblamientos energéticos y fuerzas de oscilador de estados Rydberg en los átomos de Li, Na y K. El propósito de este estudio es, por un lado, desarrollar métodos fiables para la determinación de propiedades atómicas en presencia de campos eléctricos y, por otro, mostrar la fiabilidad de las funciones de onda QDO en la descripción del efecto Stark en sistemas atómicos.

Menéndez, J. M.; Martín, I.; Velasco, A. M.

294

COMPARAÇÃO DOS LAUDOS DE CONTROLE DE QUALIDADE DOS EQUIPAMENTOS RADIOLÓGICOS DE INSTITUIÇÕES DE SAÚDE DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO DOS ANOS: 2000, 2002 E 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality assurance of the radiographic images concerning to equipment conditions is essential to get a good image quality, correct medical diagnostic and to prevent unnecessary dose exposure to health professionals and patients. In this work the historical analysis of 1084 Quality Assurance Technical Reports of Health institutions of the São Paulo State in Brazil over a period of 5 year

M. L. N. Ebisawa; M. F. A. Magon; Y. M. Mascarenhas

295

Um Ambiente para Monitoramento da Morte Súbita dos Citrus  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the implementation and applications of computational-statistical surveillance system for the Citrus Sudden Death Disease. The data is stored in a spatio-temporal TerraLib database and statistical analysis are performed using functions written as a add-on pack- age for the R language called Rcitrus which implements some specialized statistical methods and also interfaces with other packages such as geoR,

Elias Teixeira Krainski; Paulo Justiniano Ribeiro Jr.; Pedro Ribeiro De Andrade Neto; Renato Beozzo Bassanezi

2005-01-01

296

Contribuição para a popularização dos Sistemas de Informações Geográficas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Geographical information systems are becoming a common information management and analysis tool used in a wide and growing range of application fields. The popularization of GIS techniques request the easy-to-use softwares. From among 12 freeware softwares evaluated, Hypercube (a freeware program produced by the US Army Corps of Engineers Topographic Engineering Center) was considered the most efficient t o perform

Daniel Pereira Guimarães

297

Sobre as bases dos procedimentos investigativos em psicanálise  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo O presente trabalho examina as bases da pesquisa psicanalítica. Parte das marcas deixadas nas investigações psicanalíticas pelos procedimentos científicos de disciplinas como a neurologia e a neurofisiologia no século XIX. Em seguida, acompanha o surgimento de um novo objeto, o sujeito do inconsciente, o qual, ainda que requeira operações que mantenham o rigor e a precisão característicos do pensamento

Anna Carolina; Lo Bianco

298

Dos and Don'ts for Beginning Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning teachers are advised to pace themselves; provide disciplinary options; learn to justify their teaching; be tolerant about student gripes; use the Socratic method to elicit thoughtful responses; refrain from killing discussion, solving students' personal problems, and insulting students' intelligence; listen to veteran teachers; begin…

Armstrong, Coleen

1993-01-01

299

Abundancias químicas de dos binarias de HgMn  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results of the abundance analysis of two HgMn single-line binary systems: NGC 2287-106 and NGC 6025-14. The spectroscopic ob- servations have been carried out at the Complejo Astronómico el Leon-cito (CASLEO) with the REOSC spectrograph in cross-dispersion mode, cov- ering the spectral range 3800-5800 ?. Compared to the Sun, NGC 6025-14 shows great overabundances of Hg, Mn, P, Ga and Xe, while Hg, Mn, Sr, Pt and Zr are overabundant in NGC 2287-106. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

Gonzalez, E. J.; González, J. F.; Collado, A. E.

300

Obtaining journal reprints: the 'dos' and 'don'ts'.  

PubMed

In a search for knowledge, and to expand their own work, scientists and academicians have depended on the work of colleagues with similar interests. While attending conferences enables one to acquire useful knowledge, the information so gained is unlikely to be lasting. Furthermore, many persons learn better by reading than by listening, and reading can be done at one's own convenience. These and many other reasons account for the increasing number of reprints requested by researchers, and in medicine, by practicing clinicians. PMID:12408702

Sevinc, Alper; Ramanan, Sundaram V

2002-10-01

301

Mobilidade dos Funcionários públicos Federais: Diferenças Entre os Poderes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a special Rais-Migra tabulation that allows one to trace work trajectories,the present study estimates the total length of service for active federal civil servants,disaggregated by length of time spent at present post. Prior time is also considered,whether spent in other civil service posts or in private employment.This study was largely motivated by the need to estimate the civil

Kaizô Iwakami Beltrão; Sonoe Sugahara; Fernanda Paes Leme Peyneau; João Luis de Oliveira Mendonça

2005-01-01

302

Hiperplasia estromal seudoangiomatosa nodular de mama en dos adolescentes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nodular pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia is a very rare benign breast lesion found in 0.4% of biopsies. It usually presents as a fast-growing palpable lesion in women between 30 and 40 years of age and is exceptionally rare in adolescents.Histological examination reveals a proliferation of stromal cells from connective tissue forming anastomosed empty pseudovascular spaces lined with myofibroblasts.We present the cases

I. Gallardo Muñoz; J. L. Raya Povedano; A. L. Santos Romero

303

Cultura Financeira dos Investidores e Diversificação das Carteiras  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies the factors that determine the financial literacy level of the Portuguese individual investors and explores the relation between financial literacy and financial behavior, particularly portfolio diversification. Our results suggest that the average financial literacy level of Portuguese individual investors is low: two in three investors reveal an insufficient level of financial knowledge. We also find that the

Victor Mendes; Margarida Abreu

2006-01-01

304

Application of artificial neural network in detection of DOS attacks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A solo attack may cause a big loss in computer and network systems, its prevention is, therefore, very inevitable. Precise detection is very important to prevent such losses. Such detection is a pivotal part of any security tools like intrusion detection system, intrusion prevention system, and firewalls etc. Therefore, an approach is provided in this paper to analyze denial of

Iftikhar Ahmad; Azween B. Abdullah; Abdullah Sharaf Alghamdi

2009-01-01

305

Exercise beyond menopause: Dos and Don'ts  

PubMed Central

With a significant number of women belonging to the status of menopause and beyond, it is imperative to plan a comprehensive health program for them, including lifestyle modifications. Exercise is an integral part of the strategy. The benefits are many, most important being maintenance of muscle mass and thereby the bone mass and strength. The exercise program for postmenopausal women should include the endurance exercise (aerobic), strength exercise and balance exercise; it should aim for two hours and 30 minutes of moderate aerobic activity each week. Every woman should be aware of her target heart rate range and should track the intensity of exercise employing the talk test. Other deep breathing, yoga and stretching exercises can help to manage the stress of life and menopause-related symptoms. Exercises for women with osteoporosis should not include high impact aerobics or activities in which a fall is likely. The women and the treating medical practitioner should also be aware of the warning symptoms and contraindications regarding exercise prescription in women beyond menopause. The role of exercise in hot flashes, however, remains inconclusive. Overall, exercising beyond menopause is the only noncontroversial and beneficial aspect of lifestyle modification and must be opted by all.

Mishra, Nalini; Mishra, V. N.; Devanshi

2011-01-01

306

Divorce Matters: Visitation Dos and Don'ts  

MedlinePLUS

... hurting the other or disrupting his or her life. To achieve those goals, parents may use destructive behaviors that can create a more hostile environment and seriously damage relationships. Destructive strategies can be ...

307

Meningioangiomatosis: Descripción de dos casos y revisión de la literatura  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Meningioangiomatosis (MA) is a rare benign intra- craneal lesion. The majority of cases are sporadic although the association of this lesion with familial neurofibromatosis (NF) type 2 is well known. NF-asso - ciated MA may be multifocal and is often asymptomatic and diagnosed at autopsy. Non-associated cases are usually symptomatic, occurs in children and young adults and frequently arise

A. Suárez-Gauthier; M. R. Gómez de la Bárcena; E. García-García; J. Hinojosa; J. R. Ricoy

2006-01-01

308

Navegando na Rede Semantica dos Topic Maps com o Ulisses  

Microsoft Academic Search

A norma ISO-IEC 13250 Topic Maps, composta principal- mente de topicos interligados atraves de associacoes, define uma rede semantica estruturada sobre um sistema de informacao, criando uma ponte entre a gestao de informacao e os dom´inios de representacao de conhecimento. A estrutura de dados que um topic map representae um grafo; portanto, uma das melhores maneiras de visualizar um grafoe

Giovani Rubert Librelotto; Renato Preigschadt de Azevedo; Jose Carlos Ramalho; Pedro Rangel Henriques

309

EVALUACION DE DOS HERBICIDAS Y DOS FORMAS DE APLICACION PARA EL CONTROL DE ZACATON (Paspalum virgatum) EN POTREROSI  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evaluation of two herbicides and two application methods to control razorgrass (Paspalum virgatum) in grasslands. Field tests were conducted in San Carlos, Alajuela, to evaluate the efficacy of both glyphosate and fluazifop- butyl to control razorgrass (Paspalum virgatum) in grasslands. Glyphosate was :1,;) applied at 1.2% and 33% with a knapsack sprayer and a rope-wick applicator, ;.1., respectively. Fluazifop-butyl was

Milton Villarreal; Warner Vargas

310

Dinamica de defectos puntuales en un campo de tension. Aplicaciones a metales hexagonales compactos (hcp). (Point defects dynamics in a stress field. Application to hexagonal close packed metals).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The dependence of anisotropic defect diffusion on stress is studied for a hexagonal close packed (hcp) material under irradiation and uniaxially stressed. The diffusion is described as a discrete process of thermally activated jumps. It is shown that the ...

N. Smetniansky de De Grande

1989-01-01

311

Internal Rb-Sr Age and Initial Sr-87/Sr-86 of a Silicate Inclusion from the Campo Del Cielo Iron Meteorite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The largest group of iron meteorites, IAB, is distinguished by the presence of diverse silicate inclusions. In principle, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd radiometric dating of these silicate inclusions by internal isochron techniques can determine both the times of melting and parent/daughter ratios in the precursor materials via initial Sr-87/Sr-86 and Nd-143/Nd-144 ratios. The Sr-87/Sr-86 and Nd-143/Nd-144 ratios could distinguish chondritic precursors from already differentiated silicates. We reported Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd internal ischron ages of 4.52+/-0.03 Ga and 4.50+/-0.04 Ga, respectively, for plagioclase-diopside-rich material in the Caddo County IAB iron meteorite. These results are essentially identical to literature values of its Ar-Ar age of 4.520+/-0.005 Ga and its Sm-Nd age of 4.53+/-0.02 Ga. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the formation and evolution of silicate inclusions in IAB iron meteorites by determination of their initial Sr-87/Sr-86 ratios combined with higher-resolution chronology and mineralogical and geochemical studies.

Liu, Y.; Nyquist, L.; Wiesmann, H.; Shih, C.; Schwandt, C.; Takeda, H.

2003-01-01

312

Occurrence of Neospora caninum in dogs and its correlation with visceral leishmaniasis in the urban area of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neospora caninum is an obligate intracellular protozoan that can infect domestic and wild canids, as well as ruminants and equines, and is described as causing neuromuscular alteration and death in dogs. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is an infectious disease that affects both humans and animals, being caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania, of which Leishmania (Leishmania) chagasi is found

Renato Andreotti; Jacqueline Marques Oliveira; Elaine Araujo e Silva; Leandra Marla Oshiro; Maria de Fatima Cepa Matos

2006-01-01

313

Generalizacao algebrica do parentesis de Dirac simetrico. Aplicacoes a teoria de campo. (Algebraic generalization of symmetry Dirac bracket. Application to field theory).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The A set of observable of a physical system with finite e infinite number of degrees of freedom and submitted to certain constraint conditions, is considered. Using jordan algebra structure on A in relation to bymmetric Poisson bracket obtained by Droz-V...

T. M. Rocha Filho

1987-01-01

314

Anais do 14. encontro nacional de fisica de particulas e campos. (Proceedings of the 14. national meeting on particle physics and fields).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication contains the papers presented during the 14. national meeting on particle physics and fields. Works on the areas of gravitation, cosmology, quantum mechanics, string models; symmetry, current algebras, interaction models; particle decays ...

1994-01-01

315

Anais do 12. Encontro Nacional de Fisica de Particulas e Campos. (Proceedings of the 12. National Meeting on Particle Physics and Fields).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication contains the Proceedings presented during the 12. National Meeting on Particle Physics and Fields. Works on the areas of gravitation, quantum mechanics, string models; symmetry, current algebras, interaction models; particle decays, and t...

A. L. Santos E. R. B. Mello J. A. M. Simoes J. A. Chinellato V. Pleitez

1993-01-01

316

On ambiente de binárias de pequena massa em formação: o caso do glóbulo cometário CG30 e IRAS08076-3556  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Neste trabalho, combinamos observações de polarização linear no óptico (banda R), dados no infravermelho distante (IRAS) e observações de transições moleculares em radiofreqüências (CO e espécies isotópicas, HCN e HCO+) para analisar o glóbulo cometário (GC) CG30 (na região da IRAS Vela Shell), que apresenta objetos Herbig-Haro e ejeções de matéria, além de uma fonte pontual IRAS em seu interior. Os objetivos deste estudo são: determinar a eficiência de formação estelar nos glóbulos cometários, através da relação entre a massa total do GC e da massa das estrelas em formação; determinar como o campo magnético influencia na formação de estrelas no interior destes objetos; e analisar as modificações que ejeções de matéria de estrelas em formação causam no gás e no campo magnético dos GCs. Combinando nossos dados com trabalhos já publicados, mostramos que CG30 tem uma eficiência de formação estelar em torno de 3%; que o campo magnético é importante na manutenção da estrutura global do GC e demonstra sinais de torção e compressão; e que a ejeção bipolar de matéria das estrelas do par formam uma ejeção quadripolar, a qual influencia na densidade e temperatura do gás e no grau de polarização dos grãos de poeira associados ao gás do GC.

Hickel, G. R.; Vilas-Boas, J. W. S.

2003-08-01

317

Nighttime thermospheric meridional neutral winds inferred from ionospheric h?F and hpF2 data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nighttime thermospheric meridional winds aligned to the magnetic meridian have been inferred using h?F and hpF2 ionosonde data taken from two equatorial stations, Manaus (2.9°S, 60.0°W, dip latitude 6.0°N) and Palmas (10.17°S, 48.2°W, dip latitude 6.2°S), and one low-latitude station, Sao Jose dos Campos (23.21°S, 45.86°W, dip latitude 17.26°S), during geomagnetic quiet days of August and September, 2002. Using an extension of the ionospheric servo model and a simple formulation of the diffusive vertical drift velocity, the magnetic meridional component of the thermospheric neutral winds is inferred, respectively, at the peak (hpF2) and at the base (h?F) heights of the F region over Sao Jose dos Campos. An approach has been included in the models to derive the effects of the electrodynamic drift over Sao Jose dos Campos from the time derivative of hpF2 and h?F observed at the equatorial stations. The magnetic meridional winds inferred from the two methods, for the months of August and September, are compared with winds calculated using the HWM-90 model and with measurements from Fabry Perot technique. The results show varying agreements and disagreements. Meridional winds calculated from hpF2 ionospheric data (servo model) may produce errors of about 59 m/s, whereas the method calculated from the F-region base height (h?F) ionospheric data gives errors of about 69 m/s during the occurrence of equatorial spread-F.

Muella, M. T. A. H.; Fagundes, P. R.; Bittencourt, J. A.; Sahai, Y.; Lima, W. L. C.; Becker-Guedes, F.; Pillat, V. G.

318

[The importance of the pediatrician in oral health care promotion].  

PubMed

The degree to which the pediatrician's knowledge might contribute to preventive dentistry is investigated. Questionnaires concerning aspects such as breastfeeding, diet, pacifier use, fluoride use, oral hygiene and the recommended moment for the first dental visit were sent to a random sample of 85 pediatricians in S. José dos Campos. Answers were received from 48 (56.4%) of them. Data showed that orientation about preventive dentistry was not a common procedure among the majority of the pediatricians, suggesting that better integration between physician and dentist is necessary if children are to grow up with better general and dental health. PMID:9077017

Schalka, M M; Rodrigues, C R

1996-04-01

319

Gravity wave observations using an all-sky imager network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gravity waves in the mesosphere were observed by airglow all-sky imager network of the UNI- VAP at São José dos Campos (23o S, 45o W), Bra?polis (22o S, 45o W) and Palmas (10o S, 48o W), a e o Brazil. Gravity wave characteristics like morphology, horizontal wavelength, period, phase speed and propagation direction will be analysed and discussed. The results will be compared with other observation sites in Brazil. Wave directionality will also be discussed in terms of wave sources and wind filtering.

Wrasse, Cristiano Max; Almeida, Lazaro M.; Abalde Guede, Jose Ricardo; Fagundes, Paulo Roberto; Nicoli Candido, Claudia Maria; Alves Bolzan, Maurício José; Guarnieri, Fernando; Messias Almeida, Lazaro

320

Maser radiometer for cosmic background radiation anisotropy measurements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A maser amplifier was incorporated into a low noise radiometer designed to measure large-scale anisotropy in the 3 deg K microwave background radiation. To minimize emission by atmospheric water vapor and oxygen, the radiometer is flown in a small balloon to an altitude to 25 km. Three successful flights were made - two from Palestine, Texas and one from Sao Jose dos Campos, Brazil. Good sky coverage is important to the experiment. Data from the northern hemisphere flights has been edited and calibrated.

Fixsen, D. J.; Wilkinson, D. T.

1982-01-01

321

AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF THE ROLE OF INTERNET TECHNOLOGIES IN THE FIELD OF INDUSTRIAL MAINTENANCE: IS KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT THE WAY FORWARD? UM ESTUDO EXPLORATÓRIO DO PAPEL DAS TECNOLOGIAS DE INTERNET NO CAMPO DE MANUTENÇÃO INDUSTRIAL: GESTÃO DO CONHECIMENTO É O  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an exploratory study of how Internet technologies are likely to have an impact on a specific industrial activity. Maintenance has long been the poor relation in industry despite being indispensable both in continuous process manufacturing and in discrete production. The research starts from the premise that maintenance has two key functions that can be related to management disciplines.

Tim White

322

Rapporti ISTISAN 11/29: L'agricoltura sociale come opportunia di sviluppo rurale sostenibile: prospecttive di applicazione nel campo della salute mentale. (Social Farming as an Opportunity for Sustainable Rural Development: Perspectives of Application in Mental Health).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On April 19th 2011 the Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences of the Istituto Superiore di Sanita, in collaboration with the Istituto Nazionale di Economia Agraria, has organized the meeting 'Social farming as opportunity for sustainable rural devel...

A. Berry E. Alleva F. Circulli M. Borgi N. Francia

2011-01-01

323

Efectos de los campos magnéticos de baja y extremadamente baja frecuencia sobre el desarrollo del globo ocular en el embrión de pollo Effects of low and extremely low-frequency magnetic fields on eye development in chick embryo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: We performed an experimental study on the possible effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) on eye develop- ment. Material and methods: An incubator (Masalles 65) was pla- ced between two Heltmholtz coils (homogeneous EMF genera- tor). The biological material studied was Gallus Domesticus embr- yo exposed to EMF during a 15 or 21-day incubation period. Three experiments were conducted including

Casanova Llivina; Pascual Morenilla; López Soler; Roda Moreno

324

Projeto Serge: Trabalho de Campo Referente AO Experimento Sir-a No Brasil (Fase 2) (Shuttle Experimental Radar for Geological Exploration (SERGE) Project: Field Work Relating to the Shuttle Experimental Radar A (SIR-A) in Brazil (Phase 2)).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ground observations undertaken over the northern position of Minas Gerais State, and part of Distrito Federal from 7 to 12 December 1982, along the Space Shuttle 2 flying orbit 22 of November 1981 are described. Field data related mostly with litholog...

M. G. Balieiro P. R. Martini J. R. Dossantos J. T. Demattos

1984-01-01

325

On Some Experimental Activities of the Aeronautical Institute of the University of Pisa in the Field of Applied Aerodynamics . Su Alcune Attivita Sperimentali Dell Istituto di Aeronautica Dell Universita di Pisa Nel Campo Della Aerodinamica Applicata.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The research is reported on air transport problems using STOL and VTOL aircraft. The principle characteristics of a STOL model, and the simulation technology are described along with the construction problems. The aerodynamic balance results are discussed...

G. Barsotti C. Casarosa A. Delpuglia A. Salvetti

1969-01-01

326

Resultados Preliminares DA Analise Visual de Dados Sarex E Descricao das Atividades de Campo NA Floresta Nacional Do Tapajos (Preliminary Results of the Visual SAREX Data and Description of the Field Work Activities in the Tapajos National Forest).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This work presents the preliminary results of the visual interpretation of the C/SAREX data, HH polarization, narrow and swath mode. This data was compared with TM/Landsat data. The test site corresponds to the Tapajos National Forest and surroundings. Th...

P. H. Filho L. V. Dutra S. Amaral

1994-01-01

327

Attivita del Centro di Linguistica Applicata nel campo della lingua e della cultura italiana all'estero (Activities of the Italian Center for Applied Linguistics concerning Italian Language and Culture Abroad).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the activities of a recently created section of the Italian Center for Applied Linguistics (CILA), dealing with "Teaching Italian Abroad." Describes these activities as encompassing four areas: research, teaching methodology, consultation, teachers' training and bibliographical information. Lists statistical surveys, research papers, and…

Boriosi Katerinov, Maria Clotilde

1979-01-01

328

Estudo da quebra de simetria conforme em teorias de campo em fundo gravitacional com uso de integrais de caminho. (Study of the conformal symmetry breaking in field theories in gravitational background using path integrals).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Some general aspects on field theories in curved space-time and a introduction to conformal symmetry are presented. The behavior of the physical systems under Weyl transformations is discussed. The quantization of such systems are performed through the fu...

M. Souza Alves

1990-01-01

329

Results of investigation at the Miravalles geothermal field, Costa Rica. Resultados de las investigaciones en el campo geotermico de Miravalles, Costa Rica; Parte 2, Muestreo de fluidos pozo abajo  

SciTech Connect

Samples of the geothermal fluids in the Miravalles, Costa Rica, geothermal system were collected from production wellbores using downhole fluid samplers, from flowing wellheads using miniseparators, and from hot springs that discharge in the area. The reservoir fluid at Miravalles is a neutral-chloride-type water, but fumaroles and acid-sulfate springs are present within the main thermal area, and there are bicarbonate-rich hot springs that are clearly related to the neutral-chloride reservoir fluids. Dissolved gases are primarily a mixture of CO{sub 2} with air, but samples collected in the fumarolic areas also contain H{sub 2}S. Water-stable isotope analyses suggest local meteoric recharge, and the reservoir fluid shows oxygen isotopic shifts of about 2.5% due to high-temperature oxygen exchange between water and rock. Chemical geothermometer temperatures are consistent with the measured downhole temperature of 220{degrees} to 255{degrees}C. This pattern of neutral-chloride reservoir fluids with acid-sulfate springs near the source region and bicarbonate-rich chloride hot springs at the periphery of the system suggests a lateral outflow type of hydrothermal system. In addition to the geochemical evidence, temperature profiles from several of the wells show temperature reversals that are characteristic of lateral outflow plumes. We find no evidence for the underlying, higher temperature (300{degrees}C) system, which has been suggested by other investigators. 24 refs., 14 figs., 6 tabs.

Grigsby, C.O.; Goff, F.; Trujillo, P.E. Jr.; Counce, D.A.; Dennis, B.; Kolar, J.; Corrales, R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad, San Jose (Costa Rica))

1989-10-01

330

Fields without Borders: An Anthology of Documentary Writing and Photography by Student Action with Farmworkers' Interns = Campos sin Fronteras: Una Antologia de Obras Escritas y Fotografia por Estudiantes Internos de Accion Estudiantil con Trabajadores Agricolas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this booklet, essays and poems, presented both in English and in Spanish, portray the feelings, conditions, and economic plight of migrant and seasonal farmworkers in North and South Carolina, often in their own words. A preface describes Student Action with Farmworkers summer internships in which college students spend 10 weeks working with…

Manly, Libby, Ed.; Okie, Alejandra, Ed.; Wiggins, Melinda, Ed.

331

EL ANÁLISIS DE LOS NIVELES DE REFLEXIÓN EN EL DISCURSO. SU APLICACIÓN DESDE LA PERSPECTIVA DEL FORMADOR DE FORMADORES AL CAMPO DE LA EDUCACIÓN FÍSICA Y AL ENTRENAMIENTO DEPORTIVO  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we expose the existing problems in the analysis of the reflection levels of the speec h, either of physical education teachers or of sports trainers, in order to improve this aspect and to establish formative programs or to provide feedback to imporove this competency and the performance of the sportsmen. We define the concepts of reflectio n

J. Viciana; M. A. Delgado; Del Villar

332

O ESTADO ATUAL DO ACERVO DOS MANUSCRITOS JUNTO AO ARCHIVUM GENERALE POETARUM LATINORUM BRASILIENSIUM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Being aware of the importance and relevance of the contributions of the Archivum Generale Poetarum Latinorum Brasiliensium, this article intends to expose the results of the researches concerning the brazilian literature written in Latin. The gathering of material that have been diligently carried out by this Institute have provided a valuable amount of data yet to be used in philological,

Enio Aloísio FONDA; Mirtes Rocha RODRIGUES; Cláudia Valéria; Penavel BINATO

2007-01-01

333

NASA Glen Steady-State Heat Pipe Code Users Manual, DOS Input. Version 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The heat pipe code LERCHP has been revised, corrected, and extended. New features include provisions for pipes with curvature and bends in "G" fields. Heat pipe limits are examined in detail and limit envelopes are shown for some sodium and lithium-filled heat pipes. Refluxing heat pipes and gas-loaded or variable conductance heat pipes were not considered.

Tower, Leonard K.

2000-01-01

334

Análise dos focos de calor em áreas florestais ao longo do Arco do Desflorestamento  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of remoting Sense and the GIS technology help to detect the fire in the Brazilian Amazon Forest, mainly on the Arc of Deforestation. During the dry season the hot spots have been continuously increasing in this area. The analysis includes the cross check of satellites images with polygons of deforestation and others cartographic informations. The result shows that

Ligia Martins; Alexandre de Araujo

335

Formulação estratégica da manutenção industrial com base na confiabilidade dos equipamentos  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the use of reliability and maintainability assessments in the strategic formulation of industrial maintenance. The method was a double case study. The paper begins by a theoretical review of related concepts of stochastic variables and processes as a basis to address concepts and features from reliability studies and modeling, suited to use in managing the industrial maintenance.

Miguel Afonso Sellitto

2005-01-01

336

Análise dos índices de adiposidade e de aptidão física em crianças pré-púberes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analysis of adiposity and physical fitness indexes in prepubertal children The purpose of this study was the to assess physical fitness in prepuber- tal children aged 8-11 years old and , and by gender (32 boys and 35 girls) to analyze the relationships between adiposity indexes. The draw- ings of self-assessment modified by Faulkner were used to assess the stage

Fabrício B. Alves; Anabelle M. Barbosa; Wagner de Campos; Ricardo W. Coelho; Sérgio G. da Silva

337

Strengthening e-Professionalism: Discussing Social Media Dos and Don'ts with Students and Faculty  

Microsoft Academic Search

This poster presentation describes several incidents of medical professionals and students engaging in professional misconduct using social media online. It also gives advice on discussing and providing information sessions to students and faculty of health care learning institutions.

Gisela Butera; Thomas Harrod; Alexandra Gomes; Anne Linton

2011-01-01

338

Aspectos linguisticos dos emprestimos em portugues (Linguistic Aspects of Adaptation into Portuguese).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the process through which modern Portuguese borrows from other languages, mainly French and English. Portuguese adapts these derivatives to conform to its own rules of phonology, morphology, and semantics. (four references) (Author/CK)

Harmon, Ronald M.

1994-01-01

339

Efficient Trapdoor-Based Client Puzzle Against DoS Attacks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is well known that authentication, integrity, and confidentiality are the most important principles of network security. However, recent reports about a number of prominent Internet service providers that broke down because of malicious attacks [2, 3, 32,32] urge people to realize that all security principles must be based on service availability. “Availability” in this context refers to a service that can be accessed within a reasonable amount of waiting time after a legitimate client sends a request.

Gao, Yi; Susilo, Willy; Mu, Yi; Seberry, Jennifer

340

CONCENTRAR E CONQUISTAR: UMA ANÁLISE EXPEDITA DO CRESCIMENTO DOS GRUPOS MUNDIAIS FORNECEDORES DO SETOR AUTOMOTIVO  

Microsoft Academic Search

the automotive sector is a major source of changes in production systems and industrial organization. Transformations in the sector were accelerated in the last decade, mainly in terms of production localization and supply relations. The supply side is going through merges and acquisitions; at the same time, OEMs are demanding new capabilities from their 1st tier suppliers, auto technology is

Roberto dos Reis Alvarez

341

ESTUDIO COMPARATIVO DE DOS PROTOCOLOS DE CONTROL DE GLUCEMIA EN EL POSTOPERATORIO DE CIRUGÍA CARDÍACA  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to recent studies the strict control of glucose on blood, decrease the morbi-mortality in intensive care unit patients even cardiac surgery post-intervention patients. It was performed a retrospective observational study over two patient population of 50 subjects undergoing to elective coronary arterial surgery excluding diabetics type 1. First one we use the standard protocol (PS) since october to december

Oroso Da Silva Autores; Diz Gómez JC

342

Enfrentando a mastectomia: análise dos relatos de mulheres mastectomizadas sobre questões ligadas à sexualidade  

Microsoft Academic Search

Facing mastectomy: analysis of the discourse of mastectomized women about questions of sexuality. This research intended to analyze the self-perception of sexuality of six 37 to 55 year old women who had been submitted to radical mastectomy one and a half to eight years before. For this analysis, the author chose the technique of content analysis, according to which the

Tânia Pires Duarte; Ângela Nobre de Andrade

2003-01-01

343

Análisis de dos estrategias para el manejo de la amenaza de parto pretérmino  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo compare two strategies for the management of threatened preterm labor (TPL). The first strategy was based on clinical criteria alone, while the second used rapid fibronectin testing and cervical length measured by vaginal ultrasound.

María Ramírez Pineda; José Luis Dueñas Díez; José Sala Turrens; Juan Polo Padillo; Carlos Bedoya Bergua

2010-01-01

344

Influencias africanas na lingua brasileira dos terreiros (African Influences in Brazilian Language of the Voodoo Rites).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses how determination of lexical items with Sub-Saharan origin in songs of voodoo rites of candomble and umbanda in southern and northeastern Brazil is complicated by factors like existence of phonological correspondence without accompanying semantic correspondence, difficulty of determining meaning of word in a given text, and high…

Megenney, William W.

1991-01-01

345

OBSTRUÇÃO DE GOTEJADORES UTILIZADOS PARA A APLICAÇÃO DE ÁGUA RESIDUÁRIA DA DESPOLPA DOS FRUTOS DO CAFEEIRO  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 ABSTRACT This s tudy aimed to identify the main factors of the drip tape c logging, when used in the application of untreated wastewater from coffee fruit pulping (ARCB) and treated wastewater from an organic filter (ARCF). For that, a hydraulic structure of evaluation was built, consisting of non-pressure compensating drippers of the model AQUA-TRAXX positioned in 0.3m spacing.

Rafael Oliveira Batista; Antonio Teixeira de Matos; Fernando França da Cunha

346

Projeto do sistema anti-ressonante da fiação dos transdutores para o detector Mario Schenberg  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

O detector de ondas gravitacionais Mario Schenberg está sendo projetado e construído pelo grupo Gráviton. Sua construção está ocorrendo no Laboratório de Estado Sólido e Baixas Temperaturas (LESBT) da Universidade de São Paulo, na cidade de São Paulo. Esse detector possui uma massa ressonante esférica de cobre-alumínio, com 65 cm de diâmetro, pesando aproximadamente 1150 Kg, suspensa por um sistema de isolamento vibracional, que se encontra em fase de testes preliminares. A real eficácia desse sistema, entretanto, só poderá ser comprovada quando o detector estiver aparelhado com, pelo menos, um transdutor eletromecânico de altíssima sensibilidade acoplado à massa ressonante. Neste momento, não só este sistema de isolamento vibracional será posto em teste, como o do projeto da fiação que transporta os sinais de microondas até os transdutores e destes para a pré-amplificação. Apesar dessa fiação ter sido projetada para não apresentar nenhum contato com a superfície esférica da antena, de maneira a não haver nenhuma transmissão de ruído vibracional do laboratório para esta, deve-se minimizar o ruído microfônico produzido nessa fiação por oscilações mecânicas, uma vez que ela não utiliza nenhum sistema de isolamento vibracional. Com o intuito de resolver este problema, projetamos uma estrutura, formada por pequenos cilindros conectados por barras, a qual não terá nenhuma ressonância mecânica na faixa de freqüências de interesse para detecção (3000 - 3400 Hz). Desta forma, as vibrações nessa faixa não serão amplificadas. O projeto foi feito usando iterativamente, de maneira a otimizar os resultados obtidos, o programa de elementos finitos Msc/Nastran. Através de simulações feitas neste programa, determinamos os parâmetros geométricos ideais a serem utilizados, os quais proporcionam a maior região espectral de interesse livre de ressonâncias.

Vieira, S. J.., Jr.; Melo, J. L.

2003-08-01

347

DOS Kapital: Has antitrust action against Microsoft created value in the computer industry?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Antitrust enforcement that efficiently constrains Microsoft's behavior benefits firms supplying complements to and\\/or substitutes for Microsoft's operating system and applications software. However, from 1991 through 1997, 29 reports of federal antitrust enforcement action against Microsoft were accompanied by declines in the value of an index of 159 computer industry firms (excluding Microsoft). The mean loss to those firms exceeded $1

George Bittlingmayer; Thomas W. Hazlett

2000-01-01

348

O papel dos Larídeos como portadores de Salmonella e Listeria spp  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: Tal como noutros países, a população de gaivotas (larídeos) aumentou exponencialmente em Portugal. Para averi- guar as implicações na Saúde Pública deste sobrecrescimento, duzentas e oitenta e cinco amostras de fezes de gaivotas foram analisadas para dois agentes potencialmente patogénicos para o Homem, Salmonella spp. e Listeria sp. Isolou-se Salmonella sp em trinta e sete amostras (13%). Os serotipos

E. L. Duartea; M. M. Guerra; F. M. Bernardo; CIÊNCIAS VETERINÁRIAS

349

DESENVOLVIMENTO TECNOLÓGICO, RISCOS E SAÚDE DOS AERONAUTAS: UMA VIAGEM DE CONTRASTES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to verify the consequences of work conditions on brazilian crew members, under the point of view of health. The method used consisted of a risk mapping developed based on literature review on worker health and aviation; interviews with aeronauts inside and outside the work environment; as well as \\

Alexandre Palma; Ubirajara A. O. Mattos; Monique Assis

350

Corresponsabilización fiscal de dos niveles de gobierno: relaciones principal-agente  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the problems in designing a tax sharing system when there are two governments levels with rights over the same taxes. Using a principal-agent model, the optimality of the different tax sharing systems is discussed. The presence of efficiency problems derived from the lack of cooperation between governments is proved, using Bernheim & Winstons (1986) common agency theorems.

Francisco Pérez García; Gonzalo Olcina Vauteren

1992-01-01

351

Nova espécie de Pimelodus (Siluriformes, Pimelodidae) dos rios Tapajós e Tocantins, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new species of Pimelodus (Siluriformes, Pimelodidae) from Tapajós and Tocantins rivers, Brazil. Pimelodus tetramerus sp. nov. differs from the other species of Pimelodus Lacepède by its typical coloration, with four dark stripes on the sides of the body, the most dorsal beginning just behind the pre-dorsal plate and finishing at the end of the adipose-fin base; the second, wider

Frank Raynner V. Ribeiro; Carlos Alberto S. de Lucena

2006-01-01

352

Mössbauer and vibrational DOS studies of diluted magnetic tin oxides and nano iron oxides  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The magnetic properties and Mössbauer results for SnO2 doped with 57Fe are reviewed, and the values of isomer shift and quadrupole splitting are compared with the results obtained by ab initio calculations. It is concluded that the exchange interactions between oxygen defects and magnetic atoms are responsible for long range magnetic interactions of dilute Fe ions dispersed in SnO2. Fe atom precipitated clusters may be formed in highly Fe doped SnO2 samples by annealing at relatively high temperatures for several hours. The reduction of the particle size to nano-scale dimensions induces magnetization, which can be associated with oxygen defects. We have measured the nuclear inelastic scattering (NIS) spectra of Fe oxides, and 57Fe and (Co or Mn) doped SnO2 synthesized mainly by sol-gel methods and we have derived the vibration density of states (VDOS). The local phonons are sensitive to the presence of precipitated clusters.

Nomura, K.; Rykov, A. I.; Navarro, A. M. Mudarra; Torres, C. E. Rodriguez; Errico, L. A.; Barrero, C. A.; Yoda, Y.

2014-01-01

353

The Politics of Hispanic Education. Un Paso pa'lante y dos pa'tras.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents an in-depth examination of 142 U.S. school districts (containing at least 5,000 students and 5 percent Hispanic enrollment) in order to understand Hispanic inequities in education and what can be done to correct these inequities. Chapter 1 presents political theory of educational policy. Chapter 2 presents an overview of the…

Meier, Kenneth J.; Stewart, Joseph, Jr.

354

Metathesis Cascade Strategies (ROM-RCM-CM): A DOS approach to Skeletally Diverse Sultams  

PubMed Central

The development of a ring-opening metathesis/ring-closing metathesis/cross metathesis (ROM-RCM-CM) cascade strategy to the synthesis of a diverse collection of bi- and tricyclic sultams is reported. In this study, functionalized sultam scaffolds derived from intramolecular Diels-Alder (IMDA) reactions undergo metathesis cascades to yield a collection tricyclic sultams. Additional appendage based diversity was achieved by utilizing a variety of CM partners.

Jeon, Kyu Ok; Rayabarapu, Dinesh; Rolfe, Alan; Volp, Kelly; Omar, Iman

2009-01-01

355

As concepções de risco e de prevenção segundo a ótica dos usuários de drogas injetáveis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an exploratory analysis, using a qualitative approach, to percep- tions by injecting drug users (IDUs) on: (a) risks associated with injecting practices; (b) risks of HIV\\/AIDS; and (c) prevention of HIV\\/AIDS. The study was conducted in five harm reduction pro- grams in Brazil (the AjUDE-Brasil Project). Forty semi-structured interviews were carried out. The study focuses on the

Suely Ferreira Deslandes; Eduardo Alves Mendonça; Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa; Denise Doneda

2002-01-01

356

Spectroscopic study of dissolved organic sulfur (DOS): a case study of mercaptans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sulfur compounds are often present in petrochemical wastewater and can be detected by UV spectrophotometry. This technique allows to point out specific absorptions of mineral sulfide and mercaptans and can be used for the determination of acidity constants. From a quantitative point of view, using a spectral deconvolution method, a specific determination of some mercaptans is obtained. Detection limits for

B. Roig; E. Chalmin; E. Touraud; O. Thomas

2002-01-01

357

Supervivencia y crecimiento larval de Arbacia punctulata (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) alimentada con cinco microalgas a dos salinidades  

Microsoft Academic Search

Larval survival and growth of Arbacia punctulata (Echinodermata: Echinoidea) fed with five micro-algae at two salinities. Fertilized eggs from an spontaneously spawn of thirty sexually mature sea urchins (Arbacia punctulata) were incubated to complete embryonic development. The echinopluteus larvae (3 ind\\/ml) were distributed into 50 plastic containers (25 containers at 30 psu and 25 containers at 40 psu) and fed

Marina García; Jesús Rosas; Iván Hernández; Aidé Velásquez; Tomas Cabrera; Carlos Maneiro

358

O ensino e a aprendizagem dos temas fotossíntese e respiração: práticas pedagógicas baseadas na aprendizagem significativa  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work had as objective, to analyze, from the bean germination, the students' conceptions about the previous knowledge and the learning of the themes of photosynthesis and respiration. This study involved 62 students of first grade of the secondary education from a public school, in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The experiment of the bean germination, involving five different

Simone Corrêa; Santos Medeiros

359

GASTO CALÓRICO NAS ATIVIDADES DE TRABALHO E COTIDIANAS, DOS CARTEIROS QUE UTILIZAM BICICLETA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study aimed to identify lifestyle behaviors and to quantify caloric expenditure in daily and labor activities of bike postmen (employees from CORREIOS - Brazilian Postal Services) of the city of São José - SC - Brazil. The methodology used an interview using the IPAQ questionnaire, anthropometric measurements and records of daily activities (measuring time spent in selecting mail, and

Eduardo Barbosa Almeida; Giselle Noceti; Ammon Xavier; Lorival José Carminatti; Milton Carlos; Della Giustina

2004-01-01

360

The Science and Engineering of Materials Documento Sobre Ciencia E Engenharia DOS Materials.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Priorities in projects being developed in materials science and engineering are defined for the following sub-areas: semiconductors, ceramics, glasses, conjugate materials, catalysts, rubber, plastics, firewoods, materials for civil construction, and mate...

1981-01-01

361

Entre Dos Mundos/Between Two Worlds: Bicultural Development in Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do Mexican immigrant adolescents balance different, and often oppositional, cultural influences in the acculturation process? In this article, we explore how acculturating adolescents absorb cultural messages and go about creating their (multiple) identities. Guided by Alternation Theory, in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 12…

Bacallao, Martica L.; Smokowski, Paul R.

2009-01-01

362

HIV aspartyl protease inhibitors as promising compounds against Candida albicans Andr? Luis Souza dos Santos  

PubMed Central

Cells of Candida albicans (C. albicans) can invade humans and may lead to mucosal and skin infections or to deep-seated mycoses of almost all inner organs, especially in immunocompromised patients. In this context, both the host immune status and the ability of C. albicans to modulate the expression of its virulence factors are relevant aspects that drive the candidal susceptibility or resistance; in this last case, culminating in the establishment of successful infection known as candidiasis. C. albicans possesses a potent armamentarium consisting of several virulence molecules that help the fungal cells to escape of the host immune responses. There is no doubt that the secretion of aspartyl-type proteases, designated as Saps, are one of the major virulence attributes produced by C. albicans cells, since these hydrolytic enzymes participate in a wide range of fungal physiological processes as well as in different facets of the fungal-host interactions. For these reasons, Saps clearly hold promise as new potential drug targets. Corroborating this hypothesis, the introduction of new anti-human immunodeficiency virus drugs of the aspartyl protease inhibitor-type (HIV PIs) have emerged as new agents for the inhibition of Saps. The introduction of HIV PIs has revolutionized the treatment of HIV disease, reducing opportunistic infections, especially candidiasis. The attenuation of candidal infections in HIV-infected individuals might not solely have resulted from improved immunological status, but also as a result of direct inhibition of C. albicans Saps. In this article, we review updates on the beneficial effects of HIV PIs against the human fungal pathogen C. albicans, focusing on the effects of these compounds on Sap activity, growth behavior, morphological architecture, cellular differentiation, fungal adhesion to animal cells and abiotic materials, modulation of virulence factors, experimental candidiasis infection, and their synergistic actions with classical antifungal agents.

dos Santos, Andre Luis Souza

2010-01-01

363

Grupo de Pesquisa: Estrutura, Evolução e Dinâmica dos Sistemas Agroalimentares e Cadeias Agroindustriais  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article analyzes as the loss of competitiveness of the productive chain of the milk, that left of being as producing the national one to be with the fifth place, in the period between 1998 and 2001, positively influenced the dynamics of the Sectorial Chamber and Milk and Derivatives of the State of São Paulo, lea ding its members to

Apresentação Oral-Estrutura; Cadeias Agroindustriais; ROSANA DE OLIVEIRA PITHAN E SILVA; NELSON PEDRO STA

364

Grupo de Pesquisa: ESTRUTURA, EVOLUÇÃO E DINÂMICA DOS SISTEMAS AGROALIMENTARES E CADEIAS AGROINDUSTRIAIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE PRESENT WORK OBJECTIVES TO ANALYZE THE COMPETIT IVELY OF WOOD EUCALYPTUS PRODUCTIVE CHAIN IN BRAZIL, COMPARI NG DIFFERENT PRODUCTION SYSTEMS, THROUGH POLICY ANALYS IS MATRIX (PAM). BASED ON RESULTS OBTAINED, IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT THE PRIVATE AND SOCIAL PROFITABILITY OF THE PRODUCTION AND COMMERCIALIZATION OF EUCALYPTUS WOOD WAS POSITIVE A ND LARGER IN FLAT AREAS; BRAZILIAN PRODUCERS WERE PENALIZED

Apresentação Oral-Estrutura; NAISY SILVA SOARES; MÁRCIO LOPES DA SILVA; JOSÉ LUIZ PEREIRA DE REZENDE; MARÍLIA FERNANDES; MACIEL GOMES

365

Comparación de dos técnicas anestésicas sobre los niveles plasmáticos de marcadores inflamatorios  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Background: The aim of this work was to determine and compare plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1?, IL-6 and TNF-?), C-reactive protein (CRP) and lipoperoxides in patients submitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia or regional anesthesia. Methods: Two groups of 15 patients of both sexes were sub- mitted to laparoscopic cholecystectomy either with general or regional anesthesia. In

Alejandro Bravo-Cuéllar; José Enrique Romero-Ramos; Georgina Hernández-Flores; Felipe de Jesús Romo-Pérez; Luis Bravo-Cuéllar; José Manuel Lerma-Díaz

2007-01-01

366

CenterTrack: An IP Overlay Network for Tracking DoS Floods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finding the source of forged Internet Protocol (IP) datagrams in a large, high-speed network is di- cult due to the design of the IP protocol and the lack of sucient capability in most high-speed, high- capacity router implementations. Typically, not enough of the routers in such a network are capa- ble of performing the packet forwarding diagnostics required for this.

Robert Stone

2000-01-01

367

Unidad: Las influencias culturales en el arte mexicana (Unit: Cultural Influences in Mexican Art). Dos semanas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two-week unit, appropriate for bilingual education settings as well as foreign language programs, deals with the three primary cultural influences found in Mexican contemporary art. The multisensory materials, pragmatic focus, and direct creative student involvement are designed to make it a microcosmic, real-life experience. The first part…

Finere, Neal

368

Metástasis óseas de tumor primario desconocido. Detección mediante PET-FDG de dos tumores sincrónicos  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 60-year-old woman presented with noncardiac chest pain over months and negative laboratory findings. Conventional imaging methods and bone scintigraphy detected bone lesions suggesting metastatic disease from an unknown primary tumor. An 18FDG-PET scan performed to orient the search for the primary tumor found focal lesions suggesting lymphoma and identified a focal thyroid lesion and a cervical lymph node accessible

J. I. Cuenca Cuenca; I. Borrego Dorado; J. R. Rodríguez Rodríguez; E. Navarro González; R. Vázquez Albertinoa

2007-01-01

369

LISTA DOS MAMÍFEROS DO ESTADO DE SANTA CATARINA, SUL DO BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

List of mammals from Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. The mammal fauna from Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil, is one of the least known of the country. Works on terrestrial mammals are scarce and new species of aquatic mammals have been registered in the last years. For that reason, a commented list of the mammals of Santa Catarina based on

Jorge J. Cherem; Paulo C. Simões-Lopes; Sérgio Althoff; Maurício E. Graipel; Servidão Adélia; C. Cherem

2004-01-01

370

Alterações físico-químicas dos óleos de girassol, milho e soja em frituras  

Microsoft Academic Search

PHYSICO-CHEMICAL ALTERATIONS OF SUNFLOWER, CORN AND SOYBEAN OILS IN DEEP FAT FRYING. The aim of this study is to determine the influence of frying time on the alterations of sunflower, corn and soybean oils during deep fat frying of potato chips. The analytical methods used to evaluate the oil alterations are: free fatty acids, peroxide value, refractive index and total

Neuza Jorge; Bruno Bellei Prazeres Soares; Vanessa Martins Lunardi; Cassia Roberta Malacrida

2005-01-01

371

AVALIAÇÃO DOS PREÇOS INSTANTÂNEOS DA ENERGIA ELÉTRICA CONSIDERANDO A RESPOSTA DO CONSUMIDOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

The spot prices theory pre-supposes a competitive or a market place energy structure, and through it, prices exert a fundamental function over demand behavior and control. Thus, the mathematical function representing demand response related to prices variation is named response function. This paper aims to establish a adequate procedure for choosing the response function, through a proper calculation of the

Ricardo Villarroel Dávalos

372

Ostéotomie de fermeture postérieure par impaction intracorporéale pour dos plat postopératoire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose of the studyThere is increasing interest in sagittal balance as an important element when planning treatment of spinal deformations. Posture disorders, particularly flatback, can be observed after surgical treatment of scoliosis. The frequency of flat back syndrome has increased with the development of spinal surgery.

C. Mazel; M. Zrig; P. Antonietti; E. De Thomasson

2005-01-01

373

Protecting Web Services from DoS Attacks by SOAP Message Validation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though Web Services become more and more popular, not only inside closed intranets but also for inter-enterprise communications, few eorts have been made so far to secure a Web Service's availability. Existing security standards like e.g. WS-Security only address message integrity and confidentiality, and user authentication and authorization. In this article we present a system for protecting Web Services from

Nils Gruschka; Norbert Luttenberger

2006-01-01

374

Mapeamento dos ambientes aquáticos e da cobertura da terra na Bacia do Rio Purus, Amazonas, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present work aims to map and characterize the aquatic environments and the ways of use and occupancy of land along the basin of purus river. To implement this work were used images of optical sensor TM \\/ satellite Landsat 5. The software was used SPRING. the floodplain covers an area of 22,184 km2. The lakes dendritic present the largest

Alberto Furtado; Martins Junior

375

Vibration DOS of 57Fe and Zn doped rutile Sn(Sb) oxides  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sn oxides co-doped with Zn, Sb and 57Fe were prepared by sol-gel method, and especially the doping effect of non-magnetic Zn ions was studied. The bulk saturation magnetization is in accordance with the intensity of the magnetic component in Mössbauer spectra. The nuclear inelastic scattering (NIS) spectra of these compounds were measured in SPring 8. The vibration density of states (VDOS) of 57Fe doped Sn(Sb) oxides showed that the softening peaks around 15-20 meV appeared by doping less than 10% Zn ions. The clusters of non-magnetic ZnFe2O4 may be most probably formed under the limit of XRD detections. The results suggest that the strengthening of ferromagnetism, which appears in the dilute Zn doping, may occur due to the spin arrangement of dilute Fe3 + through magnetic defects rather than the formation of magnetic iron oxides.

Nomura, Kiyoshi; Rykov, Alexandre; Németh, Zoltán; Yoda, Yoshitaka

2012-03-01

376

802.11 Disassociation DoS Attack and Its Solutions: A Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless local area networks provide the connectivity at low cost with greater flexibility and mobility. IEEE 802.11 is the defacto wireless standard. It was designed to provide security however it failed to do so. As a result amendments\\/enhancements were made to overcome the flaws by first introducing Wi-Fi protected access (WPA) and then IEEE 802.11i. But both these enhancements failed

B. Aslam; M. H. Islam; S. A. Khan

2006-01-01

377

NGC 2849 y NGC 6134: dos cúmulos abiertos más para el proyecto BOCCE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The "Bologna Open Cluster Chemical Evolution" (BOCCE) project is a photometric and spectroscopic survey of Galactic open clusters (OCs), to be used as tracers of the properties and evolution of the Galactic disk. The main OCs parameters are derived in a precise and homogeneous way, and they will be used, for example, to determine the metallicity distribution in the Galactic disk and how it has evolved with time. We present here part of our last effort, concerning the photometric data obtained for NGC 2849 and NGC 6134. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

Ahumada, A. V.; Bragaglia, A.; Cignoni, M.; Donati, P.; Tosi, M.; Marconi, G.

378

Determinación fotométrica de parámetros fundamentales de dos cúmulos abiertos del cuarto cuadrante Galáctico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present preliminary results obtained from a photometric analysis in the Washington system C and T_{1} passbands of two poorly known open clusters (OCs) located in the fourth Galactic quadrant: BH 84 and BH 211. Based on the best fits of theoretical isochrones to the (T_1,C-T_1) colour- magnitude diagrams, we derive the fundamental cluster parameters. The present results are part of a major project which aims to characterize almost a hundred OCs observed and analyzed in a homogeneous way. FULL TEXT IN SPANISH

Marcionni, N.; Parisi, M. C.; Clariá, J. J.; Ahumada, A. V.; Palma, T.; Piatti, A. E.

379

Impacto da redução dos encargos trabalhistas sobre a formalização e o salário das empregadas domésticas  

Microsoft Academic Search

O presente artigo faz uma avaliação da polarização de renda no Brasil para os anos de 1981 e 2003. Após diferenciar os conceitos de polarização e de desigualdade de renda, calculamos o índice de polarização da renda no Brasil, com base na metodologia proposta por Esteban, Gradin e Ray (1999). Os resultados indicam que a bipolarização se manteve praticamente constante

Maria Isabel Accoroni Theodoro; Luiz Guilherme Scorzafave

2008-01-01

380

Salivary cortisol in ambulatory assessment--some dos, some don'ts, and some open questions.  

PubMed

The impact of stress on health and disease is an important research topic in psychosomatic medicine. Because research on hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis regulation under controlled laboratory studies lacks ecological validity, it needs to be complemented by a research program that includes momentary ambulatory assessment. The measurement of salivary cortisol offers the possibility to trace the free steroid hormone concentrations in ambulant settings. Therefore, in this article, we first discuss the role of salivary cortisol in ambulatory monitoring. We start with a brief description of HPA axis regulation, and we then consider cortisol assessments in other organic materials, followed by a presentation of common salivary markers of HPA axis regulation suitable for ambulatory assessment. We further provide an overview on assessment designs and sources of variability within and between subjects (intervening variables), acknowledge the issue of (non)compliance, and address statistical aspects. We further give an overview of associations with psychosocial and health-related variables relevant for ambulatory assessment. Finally, we deal with preanalytical aspects of laboratory salivary cortisol analysis. The relative simplicity of salivary cortisol assessment protocols may lead to an overoptimistic view of the robustness of this method. We thus discuss several important issues related to the collection and storage of saliva samples and present empirical data on the stability of salivary cortisol measurements over time. PMID:22582339

Kudielka, Brigitte M; Gierens, Andrea; Hellhammer, Dirk H; Wüst, Stefan; Schlotz, Wolff

2012-05-01

381

DevR (DosR) binding peptide inhibits adaptation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis under hypoxia.  

PubMed

DevR is a key regulator of the dormancy response in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb). Using DevR as bait to screen a phage display library, a peptide, DevRS1, was obtained. DevRS1 inhibited DevR-regulated transcription and survival of nonreplicating tubercle bacilli in a hypoxia model of dormancy. DevRS1 peptide-mediated inhibition demonstrates the efficacy of intercepting DevR function to block hypoxic adaptation of M. tb. PMID:22372912

Dhingra, Sakshi; Kaur, Kohinoor; Taneja, Neetu K; Tyagi, Jaya S

2012-05-01

382

Statistical image reconstruction via denoised ordered-subset statistically penalized algebraic reconstruction technique (DOS-SPART)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Statistical Image Reconstruction (SIR) often involves a balance of two requirements: the first requirement is enforcing a minimal difference between the forward projection of the reconstructed image with the measured projection data and the second requirement enforcing some kind of image smoothness, which depends on the specific selection of regularizer, to reduce the noise in the reconstructed image. The needed delicate balance between these two requirements in the numerical implementations often slow down the reconstruction speed due to either a degradation in convergence rate of the algorithm or a degradation of parallellizability of the numerical implementation algorithms. In this work, a general numerical implementation strategy has been proposed to allow the SIR algorithms to be implemented in two decoupled and alternating steps. The first step using SIR without any regularizer which allows for the use of the well-known ordered subset (OS) strategy to accelerate the image reconstruction. The second step solves a denoising problem without involving the data fidelity term. The alternation of these two decoupled steps enable one to perform SIR with both high convergence rate and high parallellizability. The total variation norm of the image has been used as an example of regularizers to illustrate the proposed numerical implementation strategy. Numerical simulations have been performed to validate the proposed algorithm. The noise-spatial resolution tradeoff curve and convergence speed of the algorithm have been investigated and compared against the conventional gradient descent based implementation strategy.

Li, Yinsheng; Niu, Kai; Tang, Jie; Chen, Guang-Hong

2014-03-01

383

Datacao de obsidianas com o metodo dos tracos de fissao. (Obsidian dating by fission track method).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The fission track method was employed to obtain the age of twelve obsidian samples from Ecuador. By using the plateau-age correction method, we obtained the true age of each sample and were able to identify four groups of ages in the studied area. We stud...

A. M. O. Araya

1990-01-01

384

One? "Dos" Drei. A Study of Code Switching in Child Trilingualism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study focuses on the language production of two siblings, aged 6 and 9 at the beginning of the data collection period, who have been brought up in a bilingual family in New York. The parents of the two girls are native speakers of German and Spanish, respectively, and English for them is the language of education and the larger…

Davidiak, Elena

2010-01-01

385

MONITORAMENTO ÓPTICO DOS EFEITOS DA BOMBA DE INFUSÃO NA INTEGRIDADE CELULAR SANGUÍNEA  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the worries of a blood infusion device is to deliver without cause rupture on red blood cells. Giving importance to the assumptions made about the effects of infusion pumps in infusion of blood, carried out scientific research comparing two different types of infusion pumps on the blood cell integrity through diffuse reflectance measurements and by haemolysis analyses. In

Lucyanne Araujo Braz; Katia Calligaris Rodrigues; Roberto Pizarro Sanches; Adr iano Moraes da Silva; Renato A. Zângaro

386

Movimientos peculiares de galaxias en el Universo cercano  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Se presenta un resumen de los resultados más importantes obtenidos en los últimos años sobre movimientos peculiares en el Universo Cercano. En el escenario de inestabilidad gravitacional, el campo de velocidades peculiares es una herramienta muy útil para estimar las fluctuaciones en la distribución de masa que generan los movimientos observados. Esta aproximación puede, además, ser utilizada para poner restricciones al espectro de potencia de la masa, a la relación entre las distribuciones de galaxias y de materia y al valor del parámetro de densidad cosmológico, ?, a grandes escalas. Son además presentados una reconstrucción preliminar de los campos de densidad de masa y velocidades peculiares en el universo cercano usando nuevas medidas de distancias obtenidas con la relación Dn - ?, para una muestra de galaxias elípticas y lenticulares. Dos subestructuras prominentes son encontradas en la región del Gran Atractor, que corresponden a los complejos de Centaurus y Pavo--Indus. Estos últimos, junto a los complejos de Perseus--Piscis y Cetus parecen ser importantes estructuras que determinan el flujo global. El patrón obtenido a través de una muestra de galaxias elípticas muestra variaciones con respecto al obtenido por galaxias espirales. Estos nuevos resultados muestran una coherencia menor en el flujo global, cuando son comparados con resultados obtenidos anteriormente.

Alonso, M. V.

387

On sopro do magnetar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetares sao estrelas de nêutrons com campos magnéticos acima do limiar quântico de 4,4´1013 G. Por causa desse intenso campo magnético, que exige período de rotação inicial da ordem de 1 ms, o torque eletromagnético é capaz de injetar 2´1052 erg, em menos de um dia, no Remanescente de Supernova (RSN) formado por ocasião da formação do magnetar. A energia injetada acelera a expansão do RSN, de modo que estimativas de idade do RSN feitas sem considerar a injeção de energia superestimarão a idade verdadeira. Além do cenário usual de formação de magnetares em colapsos gravitacionais de estrelas massivas, estudamos a possibilidade de formação dos mesmos através do Colapso Induzido por Acresção em anãs brancas. Estudamos, através de simulação numérica unidimensional, com diversas massas ejetadas e diversas densidades de meio interestelar local, as associações propostas entre candidatos a magnetar e RSNs, incluindo a injeção de energia. Concluímos que aproximadamente metade delas podem ser verdadeiras, e determinamos a faixa de velocidades e idades possíveis de cada associação. As incertezas observacionais a respeito do tamanho e densidade do meio interestelar local limitam a acurácia da análise.

Allen, M. P.; Horvath, J. E.

2003-08-01

388

Peculiaridades observadas no espectro da estrela magnética HD 190073 - candidata a estrela do tipo Ae de Herbig  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Apresentaremos os resultados de uma investigação espectroscópica cooperativa da estrela magnética HD 190073. As observações foram conduzidas no Observatório do Pico dos Dias (LNA/MCT), European Southern Observatory (ESO, Chile), e Crimean Astrophysical Observatory (CrAO, Ucrânia), entre 1998 e 2002. Discutiremos em detalhe um dos padrões mais marcantes do espectro desse objeto - as multicomponentes em absorção das linhas Ca ii K e H. De acordo com nossos resultados, a estrutura complexa desse perfil permaneceu constante durante várias decadas (dos anos 30 até os anos 80) após o que apresentou mudanças marcantes nos anos 90. Essa variabilidade apresenta óbvia contradição com a interpretação tradicional desse fenômeno como o resultado de espalhamento ressonante atuando seletivamente sobre o vento estelar em distâncias diferentes. Propomos uma explicação alternativa com base em uma topologia especí fica do campo magnético estelar. Essa hipótese permite, também, explicar uma série de outras peculiaridades observadas no envoltório de HD 190073, tais como: (a) a baixa velocidade de rotação pode ser o resultado da interação entre a magnetosfera estelar e um disco equatorial hipotético; (b) o gás circumstelar acumulado em loops magnéticos em latitudes intermediárias pode estimular a formação de regiões gasosas densas a distâncias intermediárias da estrela, onde linhas em emissão com perfil simples são formadas.

Franco, G. A. P.; Pogodin, M. A.; Lopes, D. F.

2003-08-01

389

Fisica a escala de Planck usando o principio de incerteza generalizado: efeitos nas flutuações primordiais e buracos negros  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Em escalas proximas à escala de Planck todas as teorias perturbativas de cordas produzem essenciamente a mesma relação de conmutação entre as coordenadas e impulsos (a chamada "álgebra deformada"), permitindo assim estudar a física resultante independentemente dos detalhes da teoria de cordas que seja considerada correta. Este resultado completamente geral, que inclui as interações gravitacionais junto com o resto dos campos pode ser considerada uma versão generalizada (GUP) do Princípio de Incerteza de Heisenberg. Aplicamos neste trabalho essas relações de conmutação para dois sistemas físicos bem definidos: buracos negros de massas próximas à massa de Planck, e flutuações quânticas em pequenas escalas antes do universo sofrer inflação. Obtemos dois resultados concretos dos efeitos do GUP : o primeiro é que o GUP impede a evaporação completa de buracos negros microscópicos na extensão do formalismo semiclássico, deixando assim remanescentes de pequena massa que já foram postulados como candidatos a matéria escura. O segundo resultado é o 'smoothing' das flutuações primordiais em pequenas escalas que levariam à produção de buracos negros primordiais após a inflação, impedindo assim a produção abundante destes últimos e predizendo abundancias atuais bem menores do que os limites disponíveis. Concluimos que, analogamente a utilização do Princípio de Incerteza de Heisenberg para estudar e determinar propriedades fundamentais das interações sem gravitação, o GUP e uma ferramenta poderosa para estudar uma ampla variedade de sistemas trans-Planckianos e predizer seu comportamento dispensando cálculos mais detalhados proprios da teoria quântica da gravitação.

Horvath, J. E.; Custódio, P. S.

2003-08-01

390

Movimiento regular y caótico en cúmulos globulares  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Los cúmulos globulares exhiben diferentes grados de elipticidad y se mueven en el campo gravitatorio de la galaxia a la que pertenecen. Las órbitas de sus estrellas no necesitan, por ello, conservar la energía ni el momento angular, y resulta probable la presencia de movimientos caóticos. Como paso preliminar de una investigación más extensa, presentamos aquí los resultados de un estudio de órbitas estelares en un cúmulo globular levemente triaxial que describe una órbita circular dentro de una galaxia. Las órbitas se investigan utilizando dos métodos: 1) La clasificación por frecuencias de D.D. Carpintero y L.A. Aguilar (1998, MNRAS, en prensa), y 2) Los exponentes de Lyapunov (subrutina LIAMAG, gentilmente suministrada por D. Pfenniger). Utilizando diversos espacios de condiciones iniciales, investigamos las familias de órbitas de las estrellas del cúmulo. Confirmamos la presencia de órbitas caóticas, particularmente en las zonas externas del cúmulo, y discutimos su importancia para la estructura del cúmulo.

Carpintero, D. D.; Muzzio, J. C.; Wachlin, F. C.

391

Study of atmospheric discharges caracteristics using with a standard video camera  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study is showed some preliminary statistics on lightning characteristics such as: flash multiplicity, number of ground contact points, formation of new and altered channels and presence of continuous current in the strokes that form the flash. The analysis is based on the images of a standard video camera (30 frames.s-1). The results obtained for some flashes will be compared to the images of a high-speed CCD camera (1000 frames.s-1). The camera observing site is located in São José dos Campos (23°S,46° W) at an altitude of 630m. This observational site has nearly 360° field of view at a height of 25m. It is possible to visualize distant thunderstorms occurring within a radius of 25km from the site. The room, situated over a metal structure, has water and power supplies, a telephone line and a small crane on the roof. KEY WORDS: Video images, Lightning, Multiplicity, Stroke.

Ferraz, E. C.; Saba, M. M. F.

392

Particulate matter and hospital admission due to arterial hypertension in a medium-sized Brazilian city.  

PubMed

This study aims to assess the effects air pollution on hospitalization due to hypertension. An ecological study was conducted using data regarding hospitalizations due to hypertension in São José dos Campos, State of São Paulo, Brazil between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2010. The pollutants analyzed by this study were particulate matter, sulfur dioxide and ozone. A significant association between exposure to particulate matter and hospitalization due to hypertension was identified using Poisson regression with lags of up to four days. Relative risk of hospital admission ranged between 1,009 and 1,019. A 10?g/m³ increase in concentration of particulate matter was associated with a 13% increase in risk of hospitalization. PMID:24005922

Nascimento, Luiz Fernando Costa; Francisco, Juliana Batrov

2013-08-01

393

Laboratory Facilities and Measurement Techniques for Beamed-Energy-Propulsion Experiments in Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laser propulsion is an innovative concept of accessing the space easier and cheaper where the propulsive energy is beamed to the aerospace vehicle in flight from ground--or even satellite-based high-power laser sources. In order to be realistic about laser propulsion, the Institute for Advanced Studies of the Brazilian Air Force in cooperation with the United States Air Force and the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute are seriously investigating its basic physics mechanisms and engineering aspects at the Henry T. Hamamatsu Laboratory of Hypersonic and Aerothermodynamics in Sa~o José dos Campos, Brazil. This paper describes in details the existing facilities and measuring systems such as high-power laser devices, pulsed-hypersonic wind tunnels and high-speed flow visualization system currently utilized in the laboratory for experimentation on laser propulsion.

de Oliveira, Antonio Carlos; Chanes Júnior, José Brosler; Cordeiro Marcos, Thiago Victor; Pinto, David Romanelli; Santos Vilela, Renan Guilherme; Barros Galva~O, Victor Alves; Mantovani, Arthur Freire; da Costa, Felipe Jean; Dos Santos Assença~O, José Adeildo; Dos Santos, Alberto Monteiro; de Paula Toro, Paulo Gilberto; Sala Minucci, Marco Antonio; da Silveira Rêgo, Israel; Salvador, Israel Irone; Myrabo, Leik N.

2011-11-01

394

Granular cell tumor presenting as a tongue nodule: two case reports  

PubMed Central

Introduction Granular cell tumor is an uncommon neoplasm that can occur in any part of the body, including the orofacial region. The tumor is usually benign, but there are reports of cases in which the tumor shows a locally aggressive behavior, malignancy, and distant metastases. The most widely accepted hypothesis is that granular cell tumor arises from the altered metabolism of Schwann cells. The tumor is typically asymptomatic and appears as a nodule that does not exceed 3 cm. Case presentation In case 1, a 26-year-old Caucasian man was seen at the Oral Medicine out-patient clinic of the São José dos Campos Dental School, Universidade Estadual Paulista, with a 'small blister on the tongue', which he had noted approximately three years ago. The nodule was located on the dorsum of the tongue, measured about 1.5 cm in diameter, and was not tender to palpation. Treatment consisted of an excisional biopsy performed on the basis of the diagnostic hypothesis of granular cell tumor, which was confirmed by microscopic analysis. In case 2, a 31-year-old Caucasian woman attended the out-patient clinic of the São José dos Campos Dental School, Universidade Estadual Paulista, with a five-year history of a 'painful lump on the tongue'. Intra-oral examination revealed the presence of a nodular lesion measuring approximately 0.8 cm in diameter, which was located deep in the submucosa of the right lateral margin of the tongue. Treatment consisted of an excisional biopsy performed on the basis of the differential diagnosis of neurofibroma and granular cell tumor. Microscopic analysis defined the final diagnosis of granular cell tumor. Conclusions Granular cell tumor is an uncommon tumor that must be carefully diagnosed and treated correctly.

2012-01-01

395

Estudo da distribuicao da temperatura superficial do mar, na regiao da Central Nuclear de Angra dos Reis - Missao Angra 01. (Study of sea surface temperature distribution, in Angra dos Reis Nuclear Plant region - Mission Angra 01).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study of spectral and temporal variations of sea surface temperature, using data obtained from level of satellite, aircraft and surface, with the purpose of evaluate and plot the small scale variations of sea surface temperature, due to thermal discharg...

M. R. Stevenson, C. A. Steffen, H. M. I. Villagra

1982-01-01

396

Efeito dos sólidos dissolvidos da madeira no desempenho do processo kraft Effect of wood dissolved solids on kraft process performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many studies have shown that kraft-pulping yield can be improved by xylan re-adsorption into the pulp dur- ing cooking. Kraft black liquor contains a significant fraction of wood xylans, being an important source of these macromolecules. This study evaluated the effect of different additions of black liquor (25, 50, 75 and 100% v\\/v) on conventional kraft pulping. Cooking was conducted

Dalton Longue Júnior; Jorge Luiz Colodette; Fernando José Borges Gomes; Marcela Freitas

397

EDUCAÇÃO SEXUAL NO 1ºCEB: PERCEPÇÕES DOS PROFESSORES SOBRE AS SUAS DIFICULDADES EM ÁREAS E TÓPICOS ESPECÍFICOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo Pretendeu-se identificar as percepções de professores de 1ºCEB, sobre as suas dificuldades sobre a educação sexual e analisar alguns factores individuais com influência nestas concepções. Os dados recolhidos por um questionário construído para o efeito foram tratados estatisticamente no programa SPSS. Os resultados sugerem maiores dificuldades na área de expressões da sexualidade e menores na de relações interpessoais. Como

Zélia ANASTÁCIO; Graça S. CARVALHO; Pierre CLÉMENT

398

Impacto dos transtornos depressivos e ansiosos sobre as manifestações da menopausa Impact of depressive and anxiety disorders over menopause manifestations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To establish for the first time in a Brazilian outpatient sample the impact of depressive and anxiety disorders over the symptoms of the Blatt-Kupperman menopausal index (B-K). Methods: Women (n = 86) receiving care in the menopause clinic at Instituto de Ginecologia da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro were consecutively assessed using a structured diagnostic instrument (MINI 4.4)

Andre Barciela Veras; Arabella Rassi; Livia Mitsue; Gomes Yukizaki; Luisa Duarte Novo; Flávia Schueler Franco; Antonio Egídio Nardi

399

Participação social nos serviços de saúde: concepções dos usuários e líderes comunitários em dois municípios do Nordeste do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social participation in management of the health care system at different levels of government is one of the key policies promoted by the Unified National Health System (SUS) in Brazil. As with any new policy, success hinges on several factors such as stakeholders' interests and opinions, which have not always been considered in the past. This paper analyzes the un-

María Luisa Vázquez; Maria Rejane Ferreira da Silva; Eliane Siqueira Campos; Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda; Alcides da Silva Diniz; Ida Leite Veras; Ana Paula Campos Pereira

2003-01-01

400

(BARS) -- Bibliographic Retrieval System, Sandia Shock Compression (SSC) database Shock Physics Index (SPHINX). PC\\/DOS version 4.0  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Bibliographic Retrieval System (BARS) is a database management system specially designed to retrieve bibliographic references. Two databases are available, (i) the Sandia Shock Compression (SSC) database which contains over 5600 references to the literature related to stress waves in solids and their applications, and (ii) the Shock Physics Index (SPHINX) which includes over 6200 further references to stress waves

W. Herrmann; T. J. Parker; K. Mulholland

1993-01-01

401

COOPERAÇÃO E CONFLITO PELO USO DA ÁGUA EM RIOS INTERNACIONAIS: A BACIA DOS RIOS EUFRATES-TIGRE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper examines,the water use in international rivers and analyses the Tigris- Euphrates basin. The issue of water,use in river systems shared by more,than two countries starts gaining importance in 1815, when the first treaty that sought to create rules for navigation in international rivers was brought to force. From the 1920s on, the use of water has been

Armando Álvares Penteado-FAAP

402

CÁLCULO DAS NECESSIDADES HÍDRICAS DAS CULTURAS PELA METODOLOGIA DOS COEFICIENTES CULTURAIS DUAIS: O MODELO SIMDualKc  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proper irrigation planning and scheduling require the availability of accurate, quick and easy to use tools. The SIMDualKc software application was developed with this purpose to compute crop evapotranspiration and irrigation scheduling using the dual crop coefficient approach (Kcb + Ke). SIMDualKc performs the soil water balance at field level, using a daily time step. This model was validated using

P. Godinho; B. Sequeira; P. Paredes; L. S. Pereira

403

Buen Comienzo, Buen Futuro: El Bebe de Dos Meses (Healthy Start, Grow Smart: Your Two-Month-Old).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distributed by the U.S. Departments of Agriculture, Education, and Health and Human Services, this Spanish-language pamphlet provides parents with information and advice about their infants in the second month of life. The pamphlet outlines typical infant behavior at 2 months of age, the need for regular visits to a physician, health insurance,…

Department of Education, Washington, DC.

404

Caracterização dos casos de violência doméstica contra a mulher atendidos em dois hospitais públicos do Rio de Janeiro  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims at: (a) to analyze the distribution of the cases of domestic violence against women (adolescent and adult) in relation to emergency care due to external causes; (b) to characterize the victims and the rendered care; (c) to analyze the circumstances in which events happened. In methodological terms, it tries to articulate the quantitative and qualitative approaches. The

Suely F. Deslandes; Cosme Marcelo; Furtado Passos da Silva

405

A psicologia feminista e a violência contra as mulheres na intimidade: a (re)construção dos espaços terapêuticos  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: O presente documento constitui uma reflexão crítica so- bre os pressupostos gerais das metodologias feministas aplicados ao exercício da Psicologia especificamente em contextos terapêuticos. É feita uma breve alusão ao enquadramento histórico que esteve subjacente à emergência da Psicologia feminista, bem como aos prin- cípios que estiveram na base do desenvolvimento de novas e inovado- ras práticas terapêuticas dirigidas,

Sofia Neves; Conceição Nogueira

2003-01-01

406

Dose/Surface Charging and Plasma Monitor (DOS/SCM) Flight Model 2 - HiLET Subsystem Critical Design Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report documents the critical design review for the High Linear Energy Transfer (HiLET) instrument subsystem of the Dose/Surface Charging and Plasma Monitor Flight Model 2. The design review took place on 15 January 2004 at The Aerospace Corporation,...

J. E. Mazur W. R. Crain C. N. Camacho A. Y. Lin D. J. Mabry

2004-01-01

407

Remote sensing of ecosystem light use efficiency with MODIS-based PRI - the DOs and DON'Ts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several studies sustained the possibility that a photochemical reflectance index (PRI) directly obtained from satellite data can be used as a proxy for ecosystem light use efficiency (LUE) in diagnostic models of gross primary productivity. This modelling approach would avoid the complications that are involved in using meteorological data as constraints for a fixed maximum LUE. However, no unifying model predicting LUE across climate zones and time based on MODIS PRI has been published to date. In this study, we evaluate the efficiency with which MODIS-based PRI can be used to estimate ecosystem light use efficiency at study sites of different plant functional types and vegetation densities. Our objective is to examine if known limitations such as dependance on viewing and illumination geometry can be overcome and a single PRI-based model of LUE (i.e. based on the same reference band) can be applied under a wide range of conditions. Furthermore, we were interested in the effect of using different faPAR (fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation) products on the in-situ LUE used as ground truth and thus on the whole evaluation exercise. We found that estimating LUE at site-level based on PRI reduces uncertainty compared to the approaches relying on a maximum LUE reduced by minimum temperature and vapour pressure deficit. Despite the advantages of using PRI to estimate LUE at site-level, we could not establish an universally applicable light use efficiency model based on MODIS PRI. Models that were optimised for a pool of data from several sites did not perform well.

Goerner, A.; Reichstein, M.; Tomelleri, E.; Hanan, N.; Rambal, S.; Papale, D.; Dragoni, D.; Schmullius, C.

2010-09-01

408

A comercialização do produto turístico associado à infra-estrutura e desenvolvimento: análise da Rota dos Tropeiros\\/PR  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article understand the development of tourist attraction, the Route Tropeiros, permeated by municipalities paranaenses of Lapa, Ponta Grossa, Castro and Tibagi. The research aimed to make the process of development of tourism and its forms of marketing, identifying the attractiveness of these four cities that permeate the fate of Route Tropeiros. The research is a qualitative and exploratory research,

Lina Juliana; Tavares Viana; Daniela Rodrigues da Cunha; Francisco Antônio dos Anjos

2009-01-01

409

Comparison of two sampling methods for biomonitoring using aquatic macroinvertebrates in the Dos Novillos River, Costa Rica  

Microsoft Academic Search

Benthic macroinvertebrates are the most commonly suggested group of organisms for freshwater biomonitoring and have been extensively studied in temperate areas. On the other hand, the methodology and theoretical background of biomonitoring have not yet been sufficiently adapted to tropical aquatic environments. The main focus of this study was the testing and comparison of two different collection methods in order

Heide Stein; Monika Springer; Bert Kohlmann

2008-01-01

410

Validade da velocidade crítica para a determinação dos efeitos do treinamento no limiar anaeróbio em corredores de endurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Validity of the critical velocity for determination of the training effects on the anaerobic threshold in endurance runners. The objective of this study was to analyze the validity of the critical velocity (CV) to evaluate the anaerobic threshold (AnT), before and after two different training programs in endurance athletes. Seventeen male runners (33.4 ± 4.4 years; 62.7 ± 4.3 kg;

BS Denadai; MJ Ortiz; S Stella; MT Mello

411

Avaliação dos dados MODIS para o estudo da cobertura vegetal da Floresta Nacional do Tapajós no estado do Pará  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an evaluation of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) images for studying vegetation cover in the Tapajós National Forest region, located in the Pará State, Amazon region. For this, MODIS image at 250 m (pixel resolution) obtained in different season of the year are analyzed to discriminate and characterize forested and converted areas in this study site. MODIS

YOSIO EDEMIR SHIMABUKURO; JANE DELANE VERONA; SILVIA PARDI LACRUZ; ALFREDO HUETE; LAERTE FERREIRA; HIROKI YOSHIOKA; EDSON SANO

412

Total Library Computerization, Version 2: A DOS-Based Program from On Point, Inc., for Managing Small to Midsized Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the Total Library Computerization program, which can be used to manage small to midsized libraries. Discusses costs; operating system requirements; security features; user-interface styles; and system modules including online cataloging, circulation, serials control, acquisitions, authorities control, and interlibrary loan. (Author/JMV)

Combs, Joseph, Jr.

1995-01-01

413

GEOLOGIA E PETROLOGIA MAGNÉTICA DOS DIQUES DA ÁREA DE BANNACH, TERRENO GRANITO-GREENSTONE DE RIO MARIA, SUDESTE DO PARÁ  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the Bannach area, southeastern Pará state, diabasic, andesitic, dacitic and rhyolitic dykes swarms are found. These dykes crosscut the Archaean units (Rio Maria Granodiorite, Mogno Trondhjemite, greenstone-belts) and locally the Paleoproterozoic Bannach anorogenic granite of the Rio Maria Granite-Greenstone Terrane (TGGRM), southeastern portion of the Central Amazonian province, eastern edge of the Amazonian craton. The values of magnetic susceptibility

Ana Tayla Rodrigues Ferreira; José de Arimatéia; Costa de Almeida; Roberto Dall' Agnol

414

76 FR 58074 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: DS-7001 and DS-7005, DOS-Sponsored Academic...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection The Department of State collects this information to identify qualified candidates from Eurasia and South Central Asia for exchange activities sponsored by the Office of Academic Exchange Programs. Methodology Applications are...

2011-09-19

415

Pismis 23 y BH 222: dos cúmulos abiertos altamente enrojecidos ubicados más allá del brazo espiral de Sagitario  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present CCD BVI photometry of the two open cluster candidates Pismis 23 and BH 222, both projected close to the direction towards the Galactic centre. Both the analysis of the colour-magnitude diagrams (CMDs), and star counts in the regions of the two objects, support their physical reality. Pismis 23 presents a main sequence and other clearly visible features in the CMDs. For this cluster we derive colour excesses E(B-V) = 2.0 ± 0.1 and E(V-I) = 2.6 ± 0.1, a distance from the Sun d = (2.5 ± 0.6) kpc and an age of (300 ± 100) Myr. BH 222 is a young stellar aggregate formed by a main sequence and a conspicuous group of luminous stars, typically supergiants. For this cluster we derive E(V-I) = 2.4 ± 0.2, d = (6.0 ± 2.7) kpc and an age of (60 ± 30) Myr. Both objects, located beyond Sagittarius arm and projected close to the direction towards the Galactic centre, are among the most distant and reddened known open clusters.

Piatti, A. E.; Clariá, J. J.

416

A CONCEPÇÃO GERENCIAL DOS PROGRAMAS DE QUALIDADE DE VIDA NO TRABALHO (QVT) NO SETOR ELÉTRICO BRASILEIRO AREA TEMÁTICA: RECURSOS HUMANOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the main findings of an exploratory research carried out through the 14 largest electricity companies of the Brazilian electricity industry, with the purpose of understanding the management concepts of the current quality of work life programs at the electricity sector. This study analyzed the bio-psycho-social aspects of the programs and its main focus: legal requirements, paternalism or

HENRIQUE MAIA VELOSO; MARCOS ABILIO BOSQUETTI; ANA CRISTINA LIMONGI-FRANÇA

417

Survey of network-based defense mechanisms countering the DoS and DDoS problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a survey of denial of service attacks and the methods that have been proposed for defense against these attacks. In this survey, we analyze the design decisions in the Internet that have created the potential for denial of service attacks. We review the state-of-art mechanisms for defending against denial of service attacks, compare the strengths and weaknesses

Tao Peng; Christopher Leckie; Kotagiri Ramamohanarao

2007-01-01

418

Pénfigo paraneoplásico\\/síndrome multiorgánico autoinmune paraneoplásico. Presentación de dos casos en la edad infantil. Revisión de la literatura  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paraneoplastic pemphigus is an autoimmune blistering disease associated with an occult or previously diagnosed tumor. Its clinical, histological, and immunological features have been clearly defined. It is characterized by the presence of polymorphic skin lesions and by erosions of the oral and genital mucosas that are refractory to conventional treatments. The histology can be variable and includes acantholysis or lichenoid

A. B. Cervini; V. Tosi; S. H. Kim; M. Bocian; G. Chantada; C. Nousari; O. G. Carballo; A. M. Pierini

2010-01-01

419

Técnicas avançadas de sensoriamento remoto aplicadas ao estudo de mudanças climáticas e ao funcionamento dos ecossistemas amazônicos  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to assess the contribution of remote sensing technology in addressing key questions raised by the Large Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia (LBA). The answers to these questions foster the knowledge on the climatic, biogechemical and hydrologic functioning of the Amazon, as well as on the impact of human activities at regional and global scales. Remote sensing methods

Evlyn Márcia Leão de Moraes Novo; Laerte Guimaraes Ferreira; Cláudio Barbosa; Claudio Carvalho; Edson E. Sano; Yosio Shimabukuro; Alfreado Huete; Christopher Potter; Dar. A. Roberts; Laura L. Hess; John J. Melack; Hiroki Yoshioka; Steven Klooster; Vipin Kumar; Ranga Myneni; Piyachat Ratana; Kamel Didan; Tomoaki Miura

2005-01-01

420

TIPOS POLÍNICOS DOS VISITANTES FLORAIS DO UMBUZEIRO (Spondias tuberosa , ANACARDIACEAE), NO TERRITÓRIO INDÍGENA PANKARARÉ, RASO DA CATARINA, BAHIA, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The services provided by the pollinators are directly linked to the reproductive success of the plants, since the transference of the pollen (genetic flow) up to the production of fruits and seeds. Five groups of floral visitors of the umbuzeiro were identified: bees (5 species), ants (6 species), wasps (6 species) and flies (8 families). The potencial pollinators were: Apis

Lílian Santos Barreto; Synara Mattos Leal; Joseane Costa dos Anjos; Marina Siqueira de Castro

421

Criterios tomograficos dos gliomas do tronco encefalico nas criancas. (Tomographic criteria of gliomas in the brain stem in infants).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The relationship between Computed Tomography Imaging, histopathological and prognostic data is evaluated by reviewing 37 cases of brain stem neoplasm in infants. The results indicate a presence of a cystic lesion with solid mural nodule as the single prog...

M. A. Machado Junior M. Bracchi L. D'Incerti A. Passerini

1994-01-01

422

GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH NEWS #9: ORD PROVIDES TECHNICAL SUPPORT TO EPA/OIA & DOS INITIATIVE IN EGYPT  

EPA Science Inventory

This ninth edition reports on a workshop on global climate change that was held in Cairo, Egypt, on May 10-12, 1999. The workshop represented a successful partnership between EPA's Office of International Affairs, Office of Research and Development (ORD), Office of Air and Radiat...

423

Semi-analytical model for the Seebeck coefficient in semiconductors with isotropic DOS given by a power function  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The relations for the Seebeck coefficient in a semiconductor with the isotropic density of states given by a power function are introduced within the scope of a semi-analytical model, which is based on the theoretical relations given by the foundations of the semiconductor physics as well as on experimentally defined temperature dependences of various semiconductor characteristics, but does not include any adjustable parameters. Between those characteristics the major role plays the intrinsic carrier concentration. It was demonstrated that although the introduced model is based on the simplified Maxwell-Boltzmann statistic, it is not compromised by this choice. A comparison with experimental data for five different semiconductors proves its ability to provide reliable predictions over a wide range of parameters (temperature, dopant type and concentration) not only for non-degenerated wide bandgap semiconductors (Si, Ge) but also for InAs, which represents partly degenerated narrow bandgap semiconductors with a non-parabolic density of states. Even in the case of a HgCdTe, with its extremely narrow bandgap and complex temperature dependence of the carrier concentration, the model is in good agreement with experimental data. The semi-analytical nature of the introduced model and its dependence on the abundance and reliability of the used experimental data were discussed on the example of Bi2Te3. Although the relative deficiency and controversy of the experimental results in this case significantly impede the model's applicability, it is still able to give at least qualitative predictions, which are nevertheless better than the results of the calculation of the thermopower from first principles. Being primarily addressed to the experimental community, the model provides simple relations in the case of the parabolic non-intrinsic semiconductor for thermoelectric voltage and for optimal dopant concentration for the thermogenerator within the known working temperature range, which can be useful in real-life `energy harvesting' applications.

Ibragimov, A.

2012-11-01

424

UMA ANÁLISE DOS ASPECTOS DISTRIBUTIVOS DA APOSENTADORIA POR TEMPO DE CONTRIBUIÇÃO DO INSS COM O EMPREGO DE MATEMÁTICA ATUARIAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

O objetivo do artigo é o cálculo de parâmetros usualmente adotados na literatura sobre previdência social, como as taxas de reposição previdenciária, alíquotas de contribuição atuarialmente justa e valores presentes de contribuições e de benefícios, para o caso brasileiro. Os cálculos são feitos para a Aposentadoria por Tempo de Contribuição (ATC) do Regime Geral de Previdência Social (RGPS) do INSS.

Daniela de Almeida Lima; Luís Eduardo Afonso

2010-01-01

425

Mortalidade materna: um estudo dos níveis e das causas de óbitos no México e no Brasil entre 2000 e 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mortalidade materna se apresenta como um grave problema social e de saúde pública, representando um importante indicador para avaliar as condições de assistência à saúde feminina. A preocupação com as mortes maternas está relacionada principalmente às repercussões sociais e econômicas que a morte de uma mulher acarreta para as famílias. Isto porque as mulheres assumem atribuições centrais na organização

Ana Paula Belon

426

Evaluation of PTW Seven29 for tomotherapy patient-specific quality assurance and comparison with ScandiDos Delta4  

PubMed Central

For routine quality assurance of helical tomotherapy plans, an alternative method, as opposed to the TomoTherapy suggested cylindrical solid water phantom with film and ionization chamber, is proposed using the PTW Seven29 2D-ARRAY inserted in a dedicated octagonal phantom, called Octavius. First, the sensitivity of the array to pitch was studied by varying the pitch during planning to 0.287, 0.433, 1.0, and 2.0. For each pitch selected, the dependence on field size was investigated by generating plans with field widths (FWs) of 1.06 cm, 2.49 cm, and 5.02 cm, for a total of 12 plans. Secondly, a total of 15 patient QA plans were delivered using helical tomotherapy with the Delta4 and Seven29/Octavius for comparison. Using the clinical gamma criteria, 3% and 3 mm, all FW and pitch plans had a passing percentage of >90%. For patient QA plans, the average gamma pass percentage was 97.0% (94.4–99.8%) for the Delta4 and 97.6% (92.5-100.0%) for the Seven29/Octavius. Both the Seven29/Octavius and Delta4 performed to a high standard of measurement accuracy and had a 90% or greater gamma percent for all plans and were considered clinically acceptable.

Myers, Pamela; Stathakis, Sotirios; Gutierrez, Alonso N.; Esquivel, Carlos; Mavroidis, Panayiotis; Papanikolaou, Niko

2012-01-01

427

DIATOMÁCEAS PERIFÍTICAS FIXADAS EM SUBSTRATOS NATURAL E ARTIFICIAL NOS ESTUÁRIOS DOS RIOS PARIPE E IGARASSU - ILHA DE ITAMARACÁ - PERNAMBUCO  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of the scarcity of words about the periphytic algae in estuarine environments in the Northeast of Brazil, it was done the present study about the periphytic diatoms. The studied material was from three stations of collections, previously established, across the estuaries of the rivers Paripe and Igarassu, Itamaracá Island. Here it was collected, monthly, during the period of 12

Maria da Glória; Goncalves da Silva; Enide Eskinazi

1994-01-01

428

Contribuicao ao estudo dos ditionatos de terras-raras. (Contribution for the studies of rare earth dithionates).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The main objective of this work is the synthesis and investigation of some properties of rare earth dithionates. The rare earth dithionates were prepared from the respective sulphates, by the reaction of the latter with BaS sub(2) O sub(6) in aqueous solu...

L. C. Schmitz

1988-01-01

429

UM ESTUDO DOS EFEITOS DE ALTERAÇÕES DO PREÇO DA NAFTA NA FORMAÇÃO DE PREÇOS DA CADEIA PETROQUÍMICA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Input price volatility creates pressures for price adjustments, interfering in contracts between buyer and sales in petrochemical chain. One of the remarkable results pointed out by Fan (1998) is the role of price instability and uncertainty in the levels of vertical integration of the industry. This paper deals with the role of raw material price formula, basically nafta prices

José Maria F. J. da Silveira; Emerson Fernandes Marçal

2006-01-01

430

Perfi l dos casos de meningite internados no Hospital Materno Infantil de Marília, São Paulo, entre 2000 e 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To analyze the epidemiologic profi le of me- ningitis in children admitted to the Maternal and Child Hospital of Marília, São Paulo, Brazil, after the introduction of Haemophilus infl uenzae type b vaccine. Methods: This analytical, descriptive and retrospective study enrolled patients from one month to 15 years old, admitted to the hospital with meningitis between Janu- ary\\/2000 to

Fausto Flor Carvalho; André Carvalho Kreuz; Danilo Gomes de Carvalho; Marcelo José Pádua

431

Termodecomposicao dos glicoheptonatos de lantanideos (III) e de itrio (III). (Thermodecomposition of lanthanides (III) and ytrium (III) glucoheptonates).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The lanthanides (III) and yttrium (III) glucoheptonates as well the D-glucoheptono 1-4 lactone were studied using common analytical methods, elemental microanalysis of carbon and hydrogen, thermogravimetry and differential scanning calorimetry. These comp...

J. Giolito

1987-01-01

432

REVISÃO COMPARATIVA DOS MÉTODOS ANALÍTICOS E DA SIMULAÇÃO COMPUTACIONAL NA ESTIMATIVA DE ESTOQUES E DO NÍVEL DE SERVIÇO  

Microsoft Academic Search

Even though inventory is necessary to mantain operation continuity, they commit a significant amount of resources which could be employed on other projects. Oil industry in general operates with large lead times, when compared to other industrial sectors, so the inventory maintained may reach million of cubic meters in order to assure a competitive service level, so that capital costs

Angelo A. M. Freitas; Emilia V. Barbetta; Marcio S. Audi; Rubens M. Oshiro

433

[Implementation of indigenous people's health policy in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: obstacles and prospects].  

PubMed

This article discusses the Brazilian National Policy for Indigenous People's Health, formulated in the 1990s as part of the national Health Reform Movement and based on the creation (in 1999) of the Indigenous Healthcare Sub-System. Coordinated at the central government level under the administration of the National Health Foundation/Ministry of Health, the implementation of this sub-system required adaptations in the organization of health services systems at the local level, with the creation of Special Indigenous Health Districts. This configuration showed the need for dialogue and negotiation among the various institutions involved with indigenous affairs, from the perspective of overcoming various conflicts and operational difficulties. The current analysis identifies the difficulties in the implementation of a differentiated indigenous health policy under federal responsibility and within the decentralized Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS), since the absence of specific mechanisms and instruments regulating the operationalization of these services at the local level and the lack of more effective supervision and on-going evaluation of this policy mean that differentiated care for the indigenous population is subject to both the vices and virtues of local policy. PMID:16501742

Chaves, Maria de Betania Garcia; Cardoso, Andrey Moreira; Almeida, Celia

2006-02-01

434

The Dos and Don'ts of how to Build a Planet, Using the Moon as an Example  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The bulk chemical compositions of planets may yield important clues concerning planetary origins. Failing that, bulk compositions are still important, in that they constrain calculation of planetary mineralogies and also constrain the petrogenesis of basaltic magmas. In the case of the Earth, there is little or no debate about the composition of the Earth's upper mantle. This is because our sample collections contain peridotitic xenoliths of that mantle. The most fertile of these are believed to have been little modified from their primary compositions. Using these samples and chondritic meteorites as a starting point, small perturbations on the compositions of existing samples allow useful reconstruction of the bulk silicate Earth (BSE). Elsewhere, I have argued that the next simplest case is the Eucrite Parent Body (EPB). Reconstructions based on Sc partitioning indicate that the EPB can be well approximated by a mixture of 20% eucrite and 80% equilibrium olivine. This leads to a parent body that is similar to CO (or devolatilized CM) chondrites. Partial melting experiments on CM chondrites confirm this model, because the residual solids in these experiments are dominated by olivine with minor pigonite [3]. The most difficult bodies to reconstruct are those that have undergone the most differentiation. Both the Moon and Mars may have passed through a magma ocean stage. In any event, lunar and martian basalts, unlike eucrites, were not derived from undifferentiated source regions. Reconstructions are primarily based on compositional trends within the basalts themselves with some critical assumptions: (i) Refractory lithophile elements (Ca, Al, REE, actinides) are presumed to be in chondritic relative abundances; and (ii) some major element ratio is believed to exist in a chondritic ratio (e.g., Mg/Si, Mg/Al). The most commonly used parameter is Mg/Si.

Jones, J. H.

2006-01-01

435

ELISA PROTEÍNA-G PARA O DIAGNÓSTICO DE AGALAXIA CONTAGIOSA EM PEQUENOS RUMINANTES CAMPOS, A.C. 1 ; TELES, J.A.A. 2 ; AZEVEDO, E.O. 2 ; NASCIMENTO, E.R. 3 OLIVEIRA, M.M.M. 1 ; NASCIMENTO, S.A. 1 ; CASTRO, R.S. 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO Ensaio imunoenzimático indireto utilizando antígeno total (ELISA-Gt) e sonicado (ELISA-Gs) de Mycoplasma agalactiae e conjugado de proteína -G foi padronizado para detecção de anticorpos em caprinos. A padronização da técnica foi realizada utilizando soros caprinos com e sem sinais clínicos de agalaxia contagiosa. Quarenta e seis soros caprinos coletados com intervalo de 45 dias, obtidos em rebanho infectado com

Dom Manoel de Medeiros

436

Densidade de estados para o modelo de Anderson Bi-dimensional na presenca de um campo magnetico com meio quantum de fluxo por plaqueta. (Density of states for the Bi-dimensional Anderson model in the presence of a magnetic field with quantum plaque flux).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The regularity properties of the integrated density of states and the state density of the Anderson bidimensional tight-binding model, in the presence of a uniform magnetic field, perpendicular to the plane of the system by means of quantum flux with plaq...

N. M. Kuehl

1987-01-01

437

Tratamento 1/N de dois modelos em teoria quantica de campos: modelo O(N) x O(N) e modelo de Thirring. (Two models 1/N treatment in quantum field theory: O(N) x O(N) and Thirring model).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Two models in quantum field theory (QFT) are studied: O(N) x O(N) and the three dimensional Thirring models. No references are made to their association with phenomenological models. (L.C.J.A.). (Atomindex citation 25:023515)

R. F. Ribeiro

1990-01-01

438

Estudo do campo hiperfino magnetico no (sup 181)Ta nos sitios de Nb e V nas ligas de Heusler Co(sub 2)YAl (Y=Nb,V). (Magnetic hyperfine fields on (sup 181)Ta at the Nb and V sites in Heusler alloys Co(sub 2)YAl (Y=Nb,V)).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Magnetic hyperfine fields (MHF) acting on sup(181)Ta at the Nb and V sites have been determined in the Heusler alloys Co sub(2) NbAl and Co sub(2) VAl by the time differential perturbed angular correlation (TDPAC) technique utilizing the well known 133-48...

W. Pendl Junior

1990-01-01

439

Modelos cosmologicos tipo Bianchi I, II, VIII, IX e Kantowski-Sachs com fluido perfeito e campos eletromagneticos com corrente de condutividade. (Bianchi - I, II, VIII, IX and Kantowski-Sachs-like cosmological models with perfect fluid and electromagnetic fields with conductivity current).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three processes of solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell equations for Bianchi - I, II, VIII, IX and Kantowski-Sachs-like cosmological models with perfect fluid in magnetohydrolodynamical regimem are presented. Diagonal Bianchi-like models are considered with...

R. Portugal

1984-01-01

440

Inactivación de formas esporuladas de Bacillus subtilis mediante campos eléctricos pulsantes de alta intensidad en combinacion con otras tecnicas de conservacion de alimentos\\/Inactivation of Bacillus subtilis spores using high intensity pulsed electric fields in combination with other food conservation technologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inactivation of Bacillus subtilis spores using high intensity pulsed electric fields (HIPEF) was investigated. Spores were not inactivated when HIPEF treatment (60 kV\\/cm, 75 pulses) was used alone. The combination of-HIPEF and moderate temperatures around 60°C, and\\/or the activation of spore suspension prior to HIPEF treatment, and\\/or the use of up to 5000 IU\\/ml lysozyme, did not inactivate spores.

R. Pagán; S. Esplugas; M. M. Góngora-Nieto; G. V. Barbosa-Cánovas; B. G. Swanson

1998-01-01

441

Quarto Progetto di Ricerca sugli Aspetti Etici, Psico-Sociali, Giuridici, Comportamentali, Assistenziali e Della Prevenzione nel Campo dell'AIDS. Piano Executivo (Fourth Research Project on the Ethical, Psycho-social, Legal, Behavioral, Patient Care and Prevention Issues on AIDS. Operational Plan.)  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project is divided into four sub-projects: (1) Prevention; (2) Health care; (3) Experimentation and diffusion of information on available treatments; (4) Evaluation of treatment. The report contains the funds given to each project (63 as a whole) and ...

P. Verani

2001-01-01

442

Detecção da fase impulsiva de uma explosão solar gigante até 405 GHz  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A explosão ocorrida no dia 25/08/2001 foi uma das mais intensas do presente ciclo solar em ondas de rádio de altas frequências. Foram medidas em ondas milimétricas e submilimétricas, aproximadamente, 105 e vários milhares de unidades de fluxo solar, respectivamente. Apresentamos um estudo deste evento em múltiplas frequências, desde microondas (1GHz), até ondas submilimétricas (405 GHz) detectadas pelo Telescópio Solar para ondas Submilimétricas (SST). Esta base de dados foi complementada utilizando-se o experimento Yohkoh, incluindo a emissão em raios-X duros e raios-g (até 100 MeV), e imagens em raios-X moles da região ativa envolvida. Enfocamos e discutimos principalmente os seguintes aspectos da fase impulsiva do evento: (i) as implicações deduzidas do espectro eletromagnético, obtido pela primeira vez até 405 GHz; (ii) a dinâmica da região ativa. Os resultados mostram que para explicar o espectro rádio observado, são necessários entre 3.5×1037 e 1.5×1039 elétrons acelerados acima de 20 keV em uma região de campo magnético entre 300 e 800 Gauss. A estimativa do fluxo de fótons que seria produzido por estes elétrons, mostra que grande parte deles não precipitou na baixa atmosfera. A evolução temporal da emissão em raios-X moles revela que a configuração magnética da região ativa foi muito dinâmica durante a fase impulsiva da explosão. Em particular, mostramos que a produção dos elétrons altamente energéticos foi iniciada junto com a aparição, na baixa coroa solar, de um novo sistema compacto de estruturas magnéticas. Este fato sugere que os locais de aceleração estão localizados na baixa atmosfera do Sol, como resultado da interação entre o novo sistema compacto e o campo magnético ambiente da região ativa.

Raulin, J.-P.; Makhmutov, V.; Kaufmann, P.; Pacini, A. A.; Luethi, T.; Hudson, H. S.; Gary, D. E.; Yoshimori, M.

2003-08-01

443

Ondas de choque em jatos de quasares e objetos BL Lacertae  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Este trabalho é parte de um projeto que vem sendo realizado há dois anos no CRAAM, cujos objetivos principais são analisar e aplicar um modelo generalizado de ondas de choque em jatos relativísticos de plasma, presentes em quasares e objetos BL Lacertae, para explicar a variabilidade observada nestes objetos. O método consiste em uma decomposição de curvas de luz em séries de explosões similares, em várias freqüências, baseando-se em uma evolução espectro-temporal média das explosões. A partir da evolução média, um ajuste de cada explosão é feito com base em equações empíricas, modificando-se apenas parâmetros específicos de cada explosão. Inicialmente o modelo foi aplicado ajustando-se as curvas de luz a explosões delineadas por uma evolução do choque em três estágios, segundo a predominância do processo de emissão: síncrotron, Compton e adiabático. Entretanto, nesta nova fase de projeto, visando uma parametrização mais concisa, uma otimização do algoritmo de ajuste e uma convergência mais rápida, a formulação para cada evento foi assumida com uma evolução em apenas dois estágios: subida e descida. Isto possibilitou uma ótima delineação das curvas de luz das fontes OV236, OJ287, 3C273 e BL Lac, entre 1980 e 2000, nas freqüências 4.8, 8.0, 14.5 e 22 GHz, utilizando-se dados do Observatório da Universidade de Michigan, do Observatório do Itapetinga (Atibaia SP) e do Observatório Metsähovi. Como conclusões importantes, verificou-se que: os parâmetros ajustados descrevem o comportamento do jato; os valores do índice que descreve a expansão do jato sugerem que o mesmo se expande de uma forma não-cônica; o campo magnético é turbulento atrás da frente de choque; e as peculiaridades das explosões são devidas à influência de grandezas tais como o coeficiente da distribuição espectral de energia dos elétrons, a intensidade de campo magnético e o fator de feixe Doppler, no início do choque.

Melo, F. E.; Botti, L. C. L.

2003-08-01

444

Desenvolvimento das câmeras de raios-X duros do satélite MIRAX  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

O MIRAX (Monitor e Imageador de RAios-X) é um projeto de desenvolvimento de um pequeno satélite astronômico de raios-X (~200 kg, ~240 W). A estratégia básica da missão será observar continuamente (~9 meses por ano) a região central (~1000 graus2) do plano Galáctico e realizar estudos espectroscópicos de banda larga (2-200 keV) e alta sensibilidade de um grande conjunto de fontes através de imagens com resolução de ~6'. Isso proporcionará uma cobertura inédita do "espaço de descobertas" através da detecção, localização, identificação e estudo detalhado de fenômenos imprevisíveis, tais como transientes fracos de raios-X, novas rápidas de raios-X e bursts de raios gama, assim como o estudo de fontes com emissão persistente. Neste trabalho apresentamos o projeto das duas câmeras de raios-X duros (CXDs) do MIRAX, que irão operar na faixa de 10 a 200 keV. Cada CXD consistirá de um plano de detectores CZT (Cd0,9Zn0,1Te) de 0,5 mm de resolução espacial e 370 cm2 de área total, e de uma máscara codificada com elementos quadrados de 1,3 mm de lado e 0,5 cm de espessura. A máscara terá dimensões de 315 cm ´ 275 cm e será montada a 700 cm de distância dos detectores. Com essa configuração as CXDs terão 6' de resolução angular e, quando colocadas a um ângulo de 29° entre si, as duas câmeras propiciam um campo totalmente codificado de 39° ´ 6°12' e um campo total de 76° ´ 44°. Serão apresentadas simulações de observações da região do plano Galáctico com o conjunto formado pelas duas CXDs.

Braga, J.; Rothschild, R.; Staubert, R.; Heise, J.; Remillard, R.; D'Amico, F.; Jablonski, F.; Mejía, J.; Carvalho, H.; Heindl, B.; Matteson, J.; Kendziorra, E.; Wilms, J.; in't Zand, J.; Kuulkers, E.

2003-08-01

445

Response of nighttime equatorial and low latitude F-region to the geomagnetic storm of August 18, 2003, in the Brazilian sector  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents an investigation of geomagnetic storm effects in the equatorial and low latitude F-region in the Brazilian sector during the intense geomagnetic storm on 18 August 2003 SSC 14 21 UT on 17 08 Sigma Kp 52 Ap 108 vert Dst vert max 168 at 1600 UT on 18 08 Simultaneous ionospheric sounding measurements from two stations viz Palmas 10 2 o S 48 2 o W dip latitude 5 7 o S and S a o Jos e dos Campos 23 2 o S 45 9 o W dip latitude 17 6 o S Brazil are presented for the nights of 16-17 17-18 18-19 19-20 August 2003 quiet disturbed and recovery phases Both stations are equipped with the Canadian Advanced Digital Ionosonde CADI Quiet and disturbed conditions of the F-region ionosphere are compared using data collected from the two stations The relationship between magnetospheric disturbance and low-latitude ionospheric dynamics and generation of ionospheric irregularities will be discussed The GPS data available from several stations in Rede Brasileira de Monitoramento Cont i nuo de GPS Brazilian Network for Continuous GPS Monitoring are used to obtain the vertical total electron content VTEC and the rate of change of TEC per minute on UT days 18 and 19 August 2003 During the disturbed nights the low latitude station S J Campos showed strong positive phase whereas the near equatorial station Palmas showed strong uplifting of the F-layer Normally during the winter months May to August in the Brazilian sector large-scale ionospheric irregularities in form of plasma

Sahai, Y.; Univap Team

446

Open-field host specificity test of Gratiana boliviana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a biological control agent of tropical soda apple (Solanaceae) in the United States  

SciTech Connect

An open-field experiment was conducted to assess the suitability of the South American leaf feeding beetle Gratiana boliviana Spaeth for biological control of Solanum viarum Dunal in the USA. An open-field test with eggplant, Solanum melongena L., was conducted on the campus of the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and a S. viarum control plot was established 40 km from the campus. One hundred adult beetles were released in each plot at the beginning of the experiment during the vegetative stage of the plants, and forty additional beetles were released in the S. melongena plot at the flowering stage. All the plants in each plot were checked twice a week and the number of adults, immatures, and eggs recorded. Results showed almost a complete rejection of eggplant by G. boliviana. No noticeable feeding damage was ever recorded on eggplant. The experiment was ended when the eggplants started to senesce or were severely damaged by whiteflies and spider mites. The results of this open-field experiment corroborate previous quarantine/laboratory host-specificity tests indicating that a host range expansion of G. boliviana to include eggplant is highly unlikely. Gratiana boliviana was approved for field release in May 2003 in the USA. To date, no non-target effects have been observed either on eggplant or native species of Solanum. (author) [Spanish] Una prueba de campo fue conducida para evaluar la especificidad del escarabajo suramericano defoliador Gratiana boliviana Spaeth para control biologico de Solanum viarum Dunal en los Estados Unidos. La prueba con berenjena se realizo en el campo experimental de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina, y una parcela control con S. viarum fue establecida a 40 km. Cien escarabajos adultos fueron liberados en cada parcela al inicio del experimento durante la fase vegetativa, y cuarenta escarabajos adicionales fueron liberados en la parcela de berenjena durante la floracion. Todas las plantas en cada parcela fueron inspeccionadas dos veces a la semana y el numero de adultos, larvas, y posturas fueron registrados. Resultados indicaron un casi completo rechazo de la berenjena por G. boliviana. Ningun dano visible de defoliacion en la berenjena fue detectado. Las pruebas concluyeron cuando las plantas de berenjena alcazaron su madurez o fueron severamente danadas por mosca blanca y acaros. Resultados corroboran previas pruebas de especificidad en laboratorio/cuarentena que indican que la berenjena no es un hospedero de G. boliviana y que la posibilidad de llegar a ser una plaga de este cultivo es muy remota. Gratiana boliviana fue aprobado para ser liberado en el campo en mayo del 2003. Ningun dano ha sido observado hasta la fecha a plantas no blanco. (author)

Gandolfo, D.; McKay, F. [USDA-ARS South American Biological Control Laboratory, Hurlingham (Argentina); Medal, J.C.; Cuda, J.P. [University of Florida, Department of Entomology and Nematology, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

2007-03-15

447

DANO DAS DOENÇAS FOLIARES NA CULTURA DO ARROZ IRRIGADO E EFICIÊNCIA DE CONTROLE DOS FUNGICIDAS DAMAGE OF LEAF DISEASES IN IRRIGATED RICE CROP AND EFFICIENCY OF FUNGICIDES CONTROL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The productivity of the rice is affected by several factors, among which are the diseases caused by fungus that can cause reduction in yield, in the physiologic and sanitary quality of the seed. The objective of this work was to verify the loss in yield caused by leaf diseases in irrigated rice and the efficiency of fungicides control with one

Leandro Jose Dallagnol; Lucas Navarini; Ricardo Silveiro Balardin; Alisson Gosenheimer; Anderson Antonelo Maffini

2006-01-01

448

Considerações a respeito da ansiedade em jovens atletas a partir dos estágios psicossociais do desenvolvimento Considerations about the anxiety in young athletes from stages of psychosocial development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review aims to consider the process of structu ring the anxiety within the theory of Psychosocial Development Erik Erikson and discuss the issue of l imitation of the studies of anxiety in sports. Thus , it is understood that the mechanisms of anxiety in the sp orting context can influence the performance of athletes and therefore a methodology for

Robério Silva de Paiva; Thaísa Vilhena Silva

449

Efeitos dos procedimentos de videofeedback e modelação em vídeo na mudança de comportamentos maternos Videofeedback and video modeling: effects of both procedures in mother's behavior changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this work is to compare results of the use of videofeedback and video modeling procedures in parent training of preschool children about the agility to produce changes in behaviors related to the use of the diferencial reinforcement (to increase the positive attention to appropriate behaviors and to decrease the negative attention and punishment to inadequate behaviors). Two

Cynthia Borges de Moura; Edwiges Ferreira de Mattos; Fernanda Marques Jacovozzi; Kamila Alves da Silva; Ligia Tristão Casanova

450

As exportações e a competitividade dos complexos madeireiro e papeleiro paranaenses Exportations and competitiveness of the lumber and paper industries in the state of Paraná  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article analyzes the behavior and competitiveness of exportations in the State of Paraná of the Lumber and Paper Industries between 1990-2002, as well as the factors that determine the exportations performance and their interaction with the Lumber and Paper Industries international trade. The concentration index Hirschman-Hefindahl (IHH) is used to verify the evolution of the exportation markets concentration as

Pedro Silva Carvalho; Vanderlei José Sereia; Márcia Regina; Gabardo da Camara

451

Interpretacao dos dados de analises de iodo-131 na urina segundo o ICRP-35. (Iodine-131 urinalyses data interpretation according to ICRP-35).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper is presented a statistical survey of the data obtained from Iodine-131 analysis in urine for individual internal monitoring between 1982 and 1986, among the workers of the Radioisotope Processing Department of the IPEN-CNEN/SP. The evaluatio...

C. L. Duarte J. C. G. Gaburo E. P. Rangel

1988-01-01

452

A Method for Calculating Bidimensional Fourier-Bessel Transformation Functions Um Metodo Para Calculo DOS Coeficientes DA Transformada de Fourier-Bessel Bidimensional.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Gauss quadrature method is extended for the two dimensional case with restriction of the abcissas in order to obtain coefficients for Fourier-Bessel series expansion. A table of zeros for the Bessel functions is included.

J. A. G. Pereira L. G. M. Filho

1978-01-01

453

El Proyecto Cunningham: Dos Idiomas; Muchos Paises, 1995-96 (The Cunningham Project: Two Languages, Many Countries, 1995-96). Research Report on Educational Grants.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents an evaluation of a two-way bilingual program in English and Spanish at the Cunningham Elementary School (Texas). The program was designed to extend and expand educational reform by shifting the instructional program at the school over the 5-year time span from a transitional bilingual program to a two-way bilingual, or dual…

Houston Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research and Evaluation.

454

Linfoma primario cutáneo B de célula grande difuso tipo piernas según la nueva clasificación de la OMS-EORTC. dos casos  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary cutaneous lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of lymphoproliferative disorders characterized by skin involvement with no evidence of systemic disease at the time of diagnosis. Their clinical behavior is generally indolent, and only occasionally is the development of extracutaneous disease observed. Since the 1980s, primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas have been considered a specific group of lymphomas, differentiated from both T-cell

Buenaventura Hernández-Machín; Ricardo Fernández-Misa; Juan L. Alfonso; Carmen Marrero; Leopoldo Borrego

2005-01-01

455

A software oscilloscope for DOS computers with an integrated remote control for a video tape recorder. The assignment of acoustic events to behavioural observations.  

PubMed

With only a little knowledge of programming IBM compatible computers in Basic, it is possible to create a digital software oscilloscope with sampling rates up to 17 kHz (depending on the CPU- and bus-speed). The only additional hardware requirement is a common sound card compatible with the Soundblaster. The system presented in this paper is built to analyse the direction a flying bat is facing during sound emission. For this reason the system works with some additional hardware devices, in order to monitor video sequences at the computer screen, overlaid by an online oscillogram. Using an RS232-interface for a Panasonic video tape recorder both the oscillogram and the video tape recorder can be controlled simultaneously and moreover be analysed frame by frame. Not only acoustical events, but also APs, myograms, EEGs and other physiological data can be digitized and analysed in combination with the behavioural data of an experimental subject. PMID:8925649

Höller, P

1995-12-01

456

Agar from two coexisting species of Gracilaria (Gracilariaceae) from the Mexican Caribbean Agar de dos especies coexistentes de Gracilaria (Gracilariaceae) del Caribe mexicano  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gracilaria cornea and G. crassissima are similar species that coexist at Bajo Pepito in the Mexican Caribbean. Differences in agar properties from both species were determined for two reproductive categories: carposporic and undetermined, the latter mainly composed of tetrasporophytes. Agar yield (AY), agar gel strength (GS), 3,6-anhydrogalactose content (AG) and sulfate content (S) of native and alkali-treated agar were determined

Julio Espinoza-Avalos; Enrique Hernández-Garibay; José A. Zertuche-González

2003-01-01

457

EVALUACIÓN DE PARÁMETROS BIOQUIMICOS Y MORFOGENETICOS EN LA SIMBIOSIS Azolla filiculoides - Anabaena azollae COMO RESPUESTA A LA INTERACCIÓN DE LA CALIDAD DE LUZ Y DOS NIVELES DE NITRÓGENO  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the present study was to investigate the interaction between three light qualities (red, white and blue) and two nitrogen levels (IRRI +N and IRRI -N) on the simbiosis Azolla filiculoides - Anabaena azollae through the evaluation of parameters such as: Growth rate of vegetative cells and heterocists, chlorophyll, protein and proline contents and the nitrogenase and nitrate

Javier Mosquera Lenti; Abelardo Calderón Rodriguez

458

AVALIAÇÃO DA HIDRATAÇÃO DOS ALUNOS DO CURSO DE FORMAÇÃO DE PÁRA- QUEDISTAS MILITARES DO EXÉRCITO BRASILEIRO Assessment of hydration among Brazilian army parachuting training program rookies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to evaluate hydration levels in the Basic Parachutist Course (BPC - the main program for Brazilian military parachutists training) students according to their body mass and total body water variations. To this end,

Eduardo Borba Neves; André Gustavo; Vale de Oliveira; André Roberto Marinho Macedo; Márcio Nogueira de Souza; Renan Moritz; Varnier Rodrigues de Almeida

459

Geologia eclesiástica na cidade de Lisboa. O exemplo da Igreja do Convento dos Cardaes Ecclesiastical geology in the city of Lisbon. The example of the Cardaes Convent Church  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Ecclesiastical Geology should be understood as the study of rocks used in the construction and decoration of all types of houses of worship (chapels, churches, monasteries, abbeys, etc.). The use of these occurrences as urban geological heritage sites is at the base of this work. A detailed inventory of the natural stones identified in the church of the Cardaes

P. S. Caetano; P. H. Verdial; V. Lamberto; A. Gomes; R. V. Freire

460

GEOLOGIA E GEOCRONOLOGIA DOS GRANITÓIDES ARQUEANOS DA REGIÃO DE XINGUARA-PA E SUAS IMPLICAÇÕES NA EVOLUÇÃO DO TERRENO GRANITO-GREENSTONE DE RIO MARIA, CRÁTON AMAZÔNICO  

Microsoft Academic Search

GEOLOGY AND GEOCHRONOLOGY OF ARCHEAN GRANITOIDS OF THE XINGUARA REGION: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE EVOLUTION OF THE RIO MARIA GRANITE-GREENSTONE TERRANE, AMAZONIAN CRATON The Xinguara area, located in the Rio Maria Granite-Greenstone Terrain - Pará, is composed of several Archaean granitoids. Structures and fa bric elements visible at outcrop and microscopic scales, and zircon Pb-Pb ages suggest that these granitoids were

ALBANO ANTONIO DA; SILVA LEITE; ROBERTO DALL' AGNOL; MOACIR JOSÉ BUENANO; FERNANDO JACQUES ALTHOFF

461

AVALIAÇÃO DOS FATORES DE RISCO DENTAIS E DE MALIGNIDADE EM RADIOTERAPIA DA CABEÇA E DO PESCOÇO ASSESSMENT OF DENTAL AND MALIGNANCY RISK FACTORS IN HEAD AND NECK RADIOTHERAPY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The head and neck cancer accounts for approximately 5% of malignant neoplasm in a male\\/female ratio of 3:1. Several ways of treatment have been proposed such as: radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery or a combination of therapies. The radiotherapy induces undesirable complications in oral cavity such mucositis, xerostomia, radiation caries, trismus, lost of taste, soft tissue necrosis and osteoradionecrosis. These complications may

Luiz Carlos; Ferreira DA SILVA; Michele Nascimento PAULINELLI; Regis Almeida MEIRA

462

Estudo comparativo do envelhecimento do sistema capilar dos músculos: diafragma e reto anterior do abdome em ratos. Futuro modelo para o estudo de atividade física?  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY In the present study, the age-related changes of the capillary system were investigated in the diaphragm and rectus abdominis muscles of 1, 8, and 18-month-old rats. The activation patterns of these muscles differ in the sense that the diaphragm is regularly mobi- lized many times at each minute during the entire life of the animal, while the rectus abdominis,

Luiz E. Garcez Leme; Consuelo Junqueira Rodrigues; Aldo Junqueira Rodrigues Jr.; Eurico Thomaz de Carvalho Filho; Mariana Deckers Leme; Tomás P. Leivas

2005-01-01

463

En Busqueda de la Escuela del Siglo XXI: Dos Experiencias de Autoaprendizaje (In Search of the 21st Century School: Two Self-Learning Experiences).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a contribution to the dialogue that is maintained today around the problems of education. The book contains four parts: (1) "In Search of the 21st Century School. Can the Colombian New School (EN) Show Us the Way?"; (2) "Experimentation with Self-Learning Materials in Two Schools in Conchali (Chile)"; (3) "Self-Learning Module for the…

Schiefelbein, Ernesto; And Others

464

Neodymium, strontium and chromium isotopic studies of the LEW86010 and Angra dos Reis meteorites and the chronology of the angrite parent body  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Neodymium, stontium, and chromium isotopic studies of the LEW86010 angrite established its absolute age and the formation interval between its crystallization and condensation of Allende CAIs from the solar nebula. Pyroxene and phosphate were found to contain approximately 8% of its Sm and Nd inventory. A conventional Sm-147-Nd-143 isochron yielded an age of 4.53 +/- 0.04 Ga (2 sigma and Epsilon(sub Nd sup 143)) = 0.45 +/- 1.1. An Sm-146-Nd-142 isochron gives initial Sm-146/Sm-144 = 0.0076 +/- 0.0009 and Epsilon (sub Nd sup 142) = -2.5 +/- 0.4. The Rb-Sr analyses give initial Sr-87/Sr-86 Iota(sub Sr sup 87) = 0.698972 +/- 8 and 0.698970 +/- 18 for LEW and ADOR, respectively, relative to Sr-87/Sr-86 = 0.71025 for NBS987. The difference, Delta Iota(sub Sr Sup 87), between Iota (sub sr sup 87) for the angrites and literature values for Allende CAIs, corresponds to approximately Ma of growth in a solar nebula with a CI chondrite value of Rb-87/Sr-86 = 0.91, or approximately 5 Ma in a nebula with solar photospheric Rb-87/Sr-86 = 1.51. Excess Cr-53 from extinct Mn-53(t(sub 1/2) = 3.7 Ma)in LEW86010 corresponds to initial Mn-53/Mn-55 = 4.4 +/- 1.0 x 10(exp -5) for the inclusions as previously reported by the Paris group (Birck and Allegre, 1988). The Sm-146/Sm-144 value found for LEW86010 corresponds to solar system initial (Sm-146/Sm-144) = 0.0080 +/- 0.0009 for crystallization 8 Ma after Allende, the difference between Pb-Pb ages of angrites and Allende, or 0.0086 +/- 0.0009 for crystallation 18 Ma after Allende, using the Mn-Cr formation interval. The isotopic data are discussed in the context of a model in which an undifferentiated 'chondritic' parent body formed from the solar nebula approximately Ma after Allende CAIs and subsequently underwent differentiation accompanied by loss of volatiles. Parent bodies with Rb/Sr similar to that of CI, CM, or CO chondrites could satisfy the Cr and Sr isotopic systematics. If the angrite parent body had Rb/Sr similar to that of CV meteorites, it would have to form slightly later, approximately 2.6 Ma after the CAIs, to satisfy the Sr and CR isotopic systematics.

Nyquist, L. E.; Bansal, B.; Wiesmann, H.; Shih, C.-Y.

1994-01-01

465

Análise físico-química dos méis das abelhas Apis mellifera e Melipona scutellaris produzidos em duas regiões no Estado da Paraíba  

Microsoft Academic Search

The honeybee is a product very appreciated, however, of easy adulteration with sugars or boiled musts. Then, it is necessary that it has some analyses for the determination its quality for commercialization. The objective of this work was the physical-chemical analysis of honeybee Apis mellifera and Melipona scutellaris to Brejo and Cariri (Paraíba State) Brazil. With the gotten results, it

Adriana Evangelista-Rodrigues; Eva Mônica; Sarmento da Silva; Ennio Marcello; Fernandes Beserra; Marcelo Luis Rodrigues

2005-01-01

466

Síndrome pré-menstrual em adolescentes: um estudo transversal dos fatores biopsicossociais Premenstrual syndrome in adolescents: a transversal study of the bio-psycho-social factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence and to identify aspects related to the Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) in adolescents of private high school (Fundação Santo An- dré, Santo André - SP). Methods: Transversal study line, carried through with 360 students, ages varying from 14 to 18 years old. The evaluation had two phases. Phase one: standard protocol application to identify youths with

Maria Regina Domingues de Azevedo; Maria Ignez Saito; Eliezer Berenstein; Drauzio Viegas

467

EFICIÊNCIA PRODUTIVA DE EMPRESAS DA INDÚSTRIA DE ALIMENTOS NO BRASIL Grupo de Pesquisa: Estrutura, Evolução e Dinâmica dos Sistemas Agroalimentares e Cadeias Agroindustriais  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: A indústria de alimentos no Brasil é um setor de g rande importância para a economia brasileira com poucos estudos publicados quanto ao seu desempenho operacional. Este trabalho avalia a eficiência relativa (técnica e de escala) de uma amostra de empresas de diferentes segmentos desta indústria, utilizando-se para tanto o Método DEA. Os segmentos analisados foram: Conglomerados Alimentícios; Óleos

Apresentação Oral-Estrutura; OSCAR TUPY

468

Estudio comparativo entre dos fuentes alimentarias aportadoras de ácidos grasos poliinsaturados n-3 y su efecto sobre el timo y el perfil lipídico de ratas  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY. Comparative study between two different sources of n-3 poliunsaturated fatty acids and it effect on thymus and lipid profile in rats. In the present paper we analyzed the effect caused by different recovery diets enriched with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA n-3) on thymus and serum lipid pattern. Severe depleted weanling Wistar rats (D) were divided in three groups

Inés Fernandez; Anabel N. Pallaro; Nora H. Slobodianik

2007-01-01

469

EFEITO DO NÍVEL DE TRIGO NA DIETA E DO PERCENTUAL DE GRÃOS GERMINADOS SOBRE A QUALIDADE DOS PELLETS E A QUALIDADE DE CARCAÇA DE FRANGOS DE CORTE  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE EFFECT OF FEEDING DIETS CONTAINING INCREASING LEVELS OF WHEAT, AND PERCENTAGE OF GERMINATED GRAINS ON PELLET QUALITY AND CARCASS QUALITY OF BROILERS. A study was conducted to investigate the effect of feeding diets containing increasing levels of wheat and percentage of germinated grains on pellet quality and the carcass quality of broilers. The experiment was carried out at Embrapa

Roberto A

470

Estudo do nível de desenvolvimento da coordenação motora da população escolar (6 a 10 anos de idade) da Região Autónoma dos Açores  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motor coordination level of school aged children (6-10 years) of the Azores Islands The purposes of this investigation were: (1) to characterize the develop- mental state of motor coordination in primary school children; (2) to identify differences between children of both genders; and to (3) identify the presence of insufficient motor coordination. Sample comprises 3742 children of both genders with

V. P. Lopes; R. G. Silva; A. Seabra; F. P. Morais

471

Longitudinal Study of Aging (LSOA), Version 4, Medicare Match (3 1/2-Inch Version) for DOS (for Microcomputers) (Date of Coverage: March 1993).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Hospitalization and other medical care information was obtained on the Longitudinal Study of Aging (LSOA) sample persons from the Medicare Automated Data Retrieval System (MADRS) file maintained by Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA). Information ...

1993-01-01

472

Longitudinal Study of Aging (LSOA), Version 4, Medicare Match (5 1/4-Inch Version) for DOS (for Microcomputers). (Data of Coverage: March 1993).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Hospitalization and other medical care information was obtained on the Longitudinal Study of Aging (LSOA) sample persons from the Medicare Automated Data Retrieval System (MADRS) file maintained by Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA). Information ...

1993-01-01

473

Patrones estacionales de crecimiento de dos variedades de alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) Seasonal growth patterns of two varieties of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this research was to determine the optimum harvesting time of alfalfa during the different seasons of the year. The experiment was carried out from April 2000 to March 2001, at the Instituto Tecnológico Agropecuario research unit, in Nazareno, Xoxocotlán, Oaxaca. The varieties used were: Valenciana and Oaxaca. Thirty-two plots (2 x 2 m) per variety were allocated

Yuri Villegas Aparicio; Alfonso Hernández Garay; Jorge Pérez Pérez; Cándido López

474

Aplicacoes de Dados dos Satelites Landsat No Estudo da Evolucao Urbana de Brasilia (Application of LANDSAT Data to the Study of Urban Development in Brasilia).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The urban growth of Brasilia within the last ten years is analyzed with special emphasis on the utilization of remote sensing orbital data and automatic image processing. The urban spatial structure and the monitoring of its temporal changes were examined...

N. D. J. Parada M. D. L. N. Deoliveira C. Foresti M. Niero E. M. D. M. Parreiras

1984-01-01

475

Estudo Sobre a Vegetacao Aquatica e Marginal Relacionada com a Vida dos Peixes (Study on Aquatic and River Margins Vegetation Related to Fish Life).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study is part of the Ichthyology Research Project of the Araguaia-Tocantis region. The objective was to identify the aquatic and river margins species which are directly or indirectly related to the fish life, specifically as a source of food for the...

J. E. de Paula

1978-01-01

476

Yo Ciudadano: Un Curriculo de Experiencias para Educacion Civica. Nivel: Dos (Citizen Me: An Experiential Curriculum for Citizenship Education. Level: Two).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrating concepts of basic citizenship education with community involvement, this experiential curriculum provides a means for developing decision making and critical thinking skills within the existing second grade social studies curriculum. The 10 lessons, translated into Spanish, cover the following concepts: friendly, unfriendly and…

Lantz, Jean

477

ESTIMATIVA DE MUDANÇAS NA VULNERABILIDADE À EROSÃO DOS SOLOS DA BACIA DO RIO NATUBA - PE, USANDO ANÁLISE MULTITEMPORAL E TÉCNICAS DE GEOPROCESSAMENTO  

Microsoft Academic Search

Erosion vulnerability change estimate of soils from Natuba river watershed, Pernambuco State, using multitemporal analysis and geoprocess technics. Among the soil degradation processes, laminar erosi on is less visible and more harmful than linear ero sion. It slowly removes the soil surface layer which is resp onsible for a large part of the nutritional support to plants. The vegetation cover

Manuella Vieira; Barbosa Neto; Hewerton Alves da Silva; Cristiane Barbosa da Silva

478

Avaliacao DA Transformacao Radiometrica DOS Dados TM/LANDSAT-5 Em Reflectancias (Comparison of Radiometric Transformation of LANDSAT-5/TM Data to Reflectance Data).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Remote sensing data are subject to a series of radiometric effects dependent on environmental and instrumental conditions specified to the image acquisition moment. In order to optimize the extraction of target intrinsic information, it is sought to norma...

C. M. Bentz

1990-01-01