Note: This page contains sample records for the topic canadian government information from Science.gov.
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1

Canadian Federal Government Policy and Canada's Electronic Information Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the history and process of information policy in Canada during the period from 1970 to 1994. Discusses the relationship of the Canadian federal government and the electronic information industry, crown copyright, the financial environment in the context of government policy, and recent developments. (235 references) (Author/AEF)

Morton, Bruce

1995-01-01

2

Human Trafficking: Canadian Government Policy and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent study undertaken by the authors (Oxman- Martinez and Martinez 2000) examined the Canadian government's response to the traffic of human beings. Information from twenty-one government and ngo in- formants and a thorough review of state agency policies and international conventions revealed that trafficking and refugee movements have many links. The question raised by the Metropolis Project—Is clandestine entry

Jacqueline Oxman-Martinez; Andrea Martinez; Jill Hanley

2000-01-01

3

Info Source: Canadian Directory of Federal Government Enquiry Points  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Directory of Federal Government Enquiry Points is developed by the Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat as a source for addresses and phone numbers of 270 Canadian federal departments and agencies. Each listing contains general enquiry and fax numbers and, if available, "numbers for Telecommunications Devices for the Hearing-and-Speech-Impaired communications and publications units, departmental libraries, personnel enquiries, Internet sites and E-mail addresses." The only drawback to this no-nonsense information resource is that it is composed of one 157K page.

Board., Canada. T.

1998-01-01

4

Report on the Second APCA Canadian Government Affairs Seminar  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Second Canadian Government Affairs Seminar sponsored by APCA took place in Ottawa, Canada on September 23–26, 1979. The general theme of the seminar was The Regulatory Process and Today’s Air Pollution Problems. More than 200 people attended and there were delegates from 9 of the 10 Canadian provinces. In addition, there was an excellent representation from industry, all levels

G. Steve Hart

1980-01-01

5

Canadian Wildland Fire Information System  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, from the Canadian Forest Service, provides information about forest fires in Canada including weekly fire statistics, fire research, daily fire maps, a fire database, and more. Visitors can also see satellite-detected hotspots in Canada and the northern U.S. The Forest Fire Facts and Questions contains a number of interesting general facts about forest fires in Canada.

2008-09-17

6

Corporate governance and the quality of accounting earnings: a Canadian perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The paper seeks to examine the association between corporate governance mechanisms and the quality of accounting earnings. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Quality of earnings is measured in two ways: the accounting-based measure of earnings management and the market-based measure of earnings informativeness. Using firm-level corporate governance data for a sample of Canadian firms in the years 2001-2004, regression analysis explores

Flora F. Niu

2006-01-01

7

Access to Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the public's right of access to government publications is increasingly difficult to manage in light of changing technologies and budget constraints, and suggests principles and policies to preserve the traditional right of access. (28 references) (LAE)

Allen, Kenneth B.

1992-01-01

8

Information technology governance — COBIT model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explains the concept of information technology audit, shows relationship between audit and IT Management. Information systems provide both the means for organizations to transact business and the ability to report the financial results of their operations. Information technology auditing is an integral part of corporate governance. However, information technology auditing is often looked upon as a \\

Dalibor Radovanovic; Dubravka Lucic; Tijana Radojevic; Marko Sarac

2011-01-01

9

Scientific and Technical Information in Canada, Part II, Chapter 1: Government Departments and Agencies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Canada's major scientific and technical information resources are supported largely by the Federal Government. They consist of libraries, data files, specialized information centers, and field services. The Canadian Government has no overall policy concerning the handling of scientific and technical information. The need for a national information

Science Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).

10

Governance, Globalization, and Political Economy: Perspectives from Canadian Adult Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of governance has become increasingly popular over the past 15 years signifying its growing acceptance in a number of key sectors of society. Is governance a neutral term that is merely a synonym for government, or does it signify a shift to neoliberalism? Working from a political-economy perspective, this article will explore the…

Sumner, Jennifer

2008-01-01

11

The Marketplace and Electronic Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the economic impact of government-produced electronic information. Examples of government prices for electronic information products are given; the debate over the privatization of government information dissemination is addressed, including examples from various government agencies; government bulletin board services are described; and…

Love, James P.

1992-01-01

12

The Promise of ' Lifelong Learning' and the Canadian Census: The Marginalization of Mature Students' Information Behaviours  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper first examines the rising popularity of 'lifelong learning', its effect on government and university initiatives, and the implications of these initiatives for mature students' academic information behaviours. The paper then presents the findings of one part of a two-phase study, which involved both the manipulation of Canadian Census data and a series of in-depth, qualitative interviews with mature

Lisa Given

13

Mental health network governance: comparative analysis across Canadian regions  

PubMed Central

Objective Modes of governance were compared in ten local mental health networks in diverse contexts (rural/urban and regionalized/non-regionalized) to clarify the governance processes that foster inter-organizational collaboration and the conditions that support them. Methods Case studies of ten local mental health networks were developed using qualitative methods of document review, semi-structured interviews and focus groups that incorporated provincial policy, network and organizational levels of analysis. Results Mental health networks adopted either a corporate structure, mutual adjustment or an alliance governance model. A corporate structure supported by regionalization offered the most direct means for local governance to attain inter-organizational collaboration. The likelihood that networks with an alliance model developed coordination processes depended on the presence of the following conditions: a moderate number of organizations, goal consensus and trust among the organizations, and network-level competencies. In the small and mid-sized urban networks where these conditions were met their alliance realized the inter-organizational collaboration sought. In the large urban and rural networks where these conditions were not met, externally brokered forms of network governance were required to support alliance based models. Discussion In metropolitan and rural networks with such shared forms of network governance as an alliance or voluntary mutual adjustment, external mediation by a regional or provincial authority was an important lever to foster inter-organizational collaboration.

Wiktorowicz, Mary E; Fleury, Marie-Josee; Adair, Carol E; Lesage, Alain; Goldner, Elliot; Peters, Suzanne

2010-01-01

14

Informal Learning of Seniors in Canadian Society. NALL Working Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Informal learning by Canadian seniors was examined through semi-structured interviews with a purposefully selected group of 51 older Canadians (28 women and 23) who ranged in age from 58 to 95 years (average age, 73.7). All were retired or semi-retired, and all had engaged in several learning projects over the previous year in topics such as the…

Fisher, Margaret

15

Seat-vote curves, loyalty effects and the provincial distribution of Canadian government spending  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federal government spending in the Canadian provinces for 1962–2002 is examined with emphasis on the role of seat-vote elasticities\\u000a in majoritarian electoral systems. Fixed effects regressions establish that per capita federal spending in a province increases\\u000a with political competition, as measured by provincial seat-vote elasticities, and with loyalty to the federal government as\\u000a measured by the degree of provincial support

Vaughan Dickson

2009-01-01

16

GILS: The Government Information Locator Service.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Government Information Locator Service (GILS), designed to help the public identify and acquire federal government information as part of the evolving National Information Infrastructure. Highlights include background information; use of GILS through the Internet; and agency-based information services, including the Government

Machovec, George S.

1995-01-01

17

75 FR 61508 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection Activities: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68) AGENCY...requirement concerning the Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (Form I- [[Page 61509...information collection: Title: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit. OMB Number:...

2010-10-05

18

76 FR 2917 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection Activities: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68) AGENCY...Paperwork Reduction Act: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68). This...of information. Title: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit. OMB Number:...

2011-01-18

19

78 FR 73875 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection Activities: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (CBP Form I-68) AGENCY...requirement concerning the Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (Form I-68). This request...information collection: Title: Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit. OMB Number:...

2013-12-09

20

The Canadian Connection: Business Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the Canadian business environment and online sources of business information. The databases described cover the following areas: directories, financial information, stock quotes, investment reports, industrial and economic information, magazines, newspapers, wire services, biographical information, and government

Merry, Susan; And Others

1989-01-01

21

CORPORATE INFORMATION SECURITY GOVERNANCE: A HOLISTIC APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information is the considered by some to be one of the most valuable assets that a corporation has. The assurance of the protection of this valuable asset should not be left to the chief information officer of a company, but should be treated as a governance issue. Relevant aspects to corporate information security governance include accountability to shareholders, compliance with

Lynette Mears; Rossouw von Solms

22

Content and Quality of Information Provided on Canadian Dementia Websites  

PubMed Central

Purpose Information about dementia is important for persons with dementia (PWD) and their caregivers and the Internet has become the key source of health information. We reviewed the content and quality of information provided on Canadian websites for Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Methods We used the terms “dementia” and “Alzheimer” in Google to identify Canadian dementia websites. The contents of websites were compared to 16 guideline recommendations provided in Canadian Consensus Conference on Diagnosis and Treatment of Dementia. The quality of information provided on websites was evaluated using the DISCERN instrument. The content and quality of information provided on selected websites were then described. Results Seven websites were identified, three of which provided relatively comprehensive and high-quality information on dementia. Websites frequently provided information about diagnosis of dementia, its natural course, and types of dementia, while other topics were less commonly addressed. The quality of information provided on the websites varied, and many websites had several areas where the quality of information provided was relatively low according to the DISCERN instrument. Conclusions There is variation in the content and quality of dementia websites, although some websites provide high-quality and relatively comprehensive information which would serve as a useful resource for PWD, caregivers, and healthcare providers. Improvements in the content and quality of information provided on AD websites would provide PWD and their caregivers with access to better information.

Dillon, Whitney A.; Prorok, Jeanette C.; Seitz, Dallas P.

2013-01-01

23

Biographical Information and Other Government Secrets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government librarians use a variety of sources beyond the usual who's whos to locate biographical information on American and foreign diplomats, international figures, and American government officials. These sources include on-line services, monographs and back files, the card catalog, State Department and CIA publications, other government documents, and trade publications. In addition, telephone contacts are often useful. Lists of CIA

Lucinda D. Conger

1981-01-01

24

Government Intervention in Information Infrastructure Protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical information infrastructure protection is the subject “du jour.” An important part to addressing the issue is to answer\\u000a the question whether the private sector or the government should be responsible for protection. The choice of governing arrangement\\u000a – government provision, private provision or any combination thereof – is essential to ensuring an adequate level of security.\\u000a This paper discusses

Dan Assaf

2007-01-01

25

Le Federalisme Canadien et les Subventions aux Universites Quebecoises. (The Intervention of the Canadian Government in Quebec Universities.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intervention of the Canadian government in financing Quebec universities has followed various paths through individual or institutional direct or indirect grants, operating or investment grants, and fiscal transfers. The historical evolution of federal grants to Quebec universities is described by singling out four periods. In French.…

Bellavance, Michel

1980-01-01

26

Financial Information from US Government Agencies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Originally presented at the June 6, 1998 Special Libraries Association Conference in Indianapolis, IN, Financial Information from US Government Agencies by Miriam Ciochon and Ernie Evangelista is now available in slide presentation format. Slide topics cover the most prolific web-based government resources for economic, banking, and finance research with special consideration of the distinctions between text-based information and data-oriented sites. Web addresses and organizational titles are clearly displayed with concise summaries of site features. A non-graphical view option is also helpful for copying useful information for future reference.

Ciochon, Miriam.; Evangelista, Ernie.

1998-01-01

27

A MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

RATIONALE FOR DEVELOPING THE obligations incurred earlier when the retiree MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM was an employee. The resulting impacts of prior deficit spending and of unfunded vested We find two reasons to develop an improved pension commitments were compounded by management information system for local gov- the lack in some local governments of accurate ernments. One is the apparent inability

John Sjo; Arlo W. Biere

1980-01-01

28

Governance Mechanisms in Information Technology Outsourcing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the dominance of Information Technology Outsourcing (ITO) as a sourcing strategy would seem to indicate successful and well-informed practice, frequent examples of unraveled engagements highlight the associated risks. Successful instances of outsourcing suggest that governance mechanisms effectively manage the related risks. This…

Ravindran, Kiron

2010-01-01

29

Electronic U.S. Government Information: Policy Issues and Directions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of U.S. federal information policy and its treatment of electronic information resources. Highlights include government publications; electronic government information; main providers of government information, including the Government Printing Office; the Freedom of Information Act; public access and use; information

Hernon, Peter; McClure, Charles R.

1993-01-01

30

Science, government, and information: 1988 perspective.  

PubMed Central

Twenty-five years have passed since the appearance of Science, Government, and Information (SGI), the 1963 report by the President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC). The Information Analysis Center, which was prominently recommended in SGI, has not become a central element of the information system. Instead automation, which was only beginning in 1963, has become dominant. Though extreme automation may be appropriate for those activities that are time constrained, it may lead to clogged information channels for those scientific activities for which time is less important than depth of understanding.

Weinberg, A M

1989-01-01

31

Lessons from the Canadian national health information technology plan for the United States: opinions of key Canadian experts  

PubMed Central

Objective To summarize the Canadian health information technology (HIT) policy experience and impart lessons learned to the US as it determines its policy in this area. Design Qualitative analysis of interviews with identified key stakeholders followed by an electronic survey. Measurements We conducted semi-structured interviews with 29 key Canadian HIT policy and opinion leaders and used a grounded theory approach to analyze the results. The informant sample was chosen to provide views from different stakeholder groups including national representatives and regional representatives from three Canadian provinces. Results Canadian informants believed that much of the current US direction is positive, especially regarding incentives and meaningful use, but that there are key opportunities for the US to emphasize direct engagement with providers, define a clear business case for them, sponsor large scale evaluations to assess HIT impact in a broad array of settings, determine standards but also enable access to resources needed for mid-course corrections of standards when issues are identified, and, finally, leverage implementation of digital imaging systems. Limitations Not all stakeholder groups were included, such as providers or patients. In addition, as in all qualitative research, a selection bias could be present due to the relatively small sample size. Conclusions Based on Canadian experience with HIT policy, stakeholders identified as lessons for the US the need to increase direct engagement with providers and the importance of defining the business case for HIT, which can be achieved through large scale evaluations, and of recognizing and leveraging successes as they emerge.

Rozenblum, Ronen; Salzberg, Claudia A; Jang, Yeona; Tamblyn, Melissa; Tamblyn, Robyn; Bates, David W

2011-01-01

32

The research of government collaboration patterns based on the government information resource interchange framework  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper puts forward an information resource interchange framework which supports government collaboration. With the investigation of the government collaboration requirements in Beijing in the past five years, the authors established a generic information interchange framework. The framework has been reused in Beijing municipal government and its six subordinate governments. Through supporting over 80 inter-departmental affairs by the end of

Jun Cheng; Xiaobin Huang; Kai Peng

2009-01-01

33

Twin Evils: Government Copyright and Copyright-like Controls Over Government Information.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The policy of the United States against government copyright is clearly stated in the Copyright Act of 1976. Other statutes, most notably the Freedom of Information Act, support public access to government information and should limit the ability of feder...

R. M. Gellman

1995-01-01

34

Revisiting public information management for effective e-government services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments are employing modern information and communication technologies to serve society better. Raising the effectiveness and quality of government services is not only a matter of new technologies; it also involves clear vision and objectives as well as a sound business strategy. Information systems need to support internal work within a government’s boundaries, serve customers through digital interfaces and leverage

Dimitrios S. Stamoulis; Dimitris Gouscos; Panagiotis Georgiadis; Drakoulis Martakos

2001-01-01

35

Evaluation of Chief Executive Officers in Canadian School Boards. CEA Information Note.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian Education Association (CEA) examined the procedures Canadian School Boards use to evaluate their chief executive officers. In March 1989, CEA sent a questionnaire to superintendents and directors of education of the school boards that subscribe to the CEA Information Service, as well as to others. Of the 123 questionnaires sent, 81…

Canadian Education Association, Toronto (Ontario).

36

High Frequency (HF) Upgrade Study for the Canadian Regional Operations Control Center (ROCC) AWACS Digital Information Link (RADIL) Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Regional Operations Control Center AWACS Digital Information Link/Rapidly Deployable Integrated Command and Control System (RADIL/RADIC) System Program Office, Canadian RADIL Program, has acquired high-frequency (HF) radio equipment for two Canadian g...

K. Wickwire

1995-01-01

37

Exploring the Icebergs of Adult Learning: Findings of the First Canadian Survey of Informal Learning Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 1,562 Canadian adults found that most are spending more time in learning, especially informal learning through employment, community service, and household work. Findings should be used to shape education policy and practice. (SK)

Livingstone, D. W.

1999-01-01

38

National Policies for Information Processing (With Special Attention to the Canadian Experience).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was made of the aims governments have with respect to computers and what methods they have at their disposal for achieving these aims. The Canadian experience provided an example. In general, throughout the world, governmental objectives with regard to computers come under three headings: (1) to use computers effectively in governmental…

Gotlieb, Calvin C.

39

Information, Institutions and Governance: Advancing a Basic Social Science Research Program for Digital Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the globe, the sweep of information and communication technologies offers unprecedented opportunities for the advancement of governance and society. But information and communication technologies alone are inadequate to foster such benefits. An important, time-sensitive opportunity exists to make a major difference in the development of digital governance and society globally. An applied, rigorous research agenda would clarify for policymakers

Jane E. Fountain

2003-01-01

40

E-government in the informational economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the end of the 20th century the governments of many countries faced the necessity of reforming the classical models of the government which appeared inconsistent with the emerging informatization of the society. Experts of the World Bank recognize the following problems to be common for the majority of the countries: (1) growth of cumulative employment and expenses on wages

LEONOVA Tatiana

2009-01-01

41

Promoting education for information resources management in the federal government  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recent initiatives from the Clinton administration and Congress to “reinvent government,” to “develop electronic information services,” to “better manage information technology” (IT), and to “improve access to electronic government information,” certainly is welcome. But policymakers need to go beyond the proposals and develop specific program initiatives and implementation strategies if such goals are to be realized. The realization of

Charles R. McClure

1995-01-01

42

Impact from US Government Printing on Public Access to Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Overview of public access to government publications in terms of policy set by Reagan administration and Congress highlights Government Printing Office sales program, Freedom of Information Act, and Title 44 "United States Code" revision. Research on government publication access in depository collections and selected policy issues is appended.…

Hernon, Peter; McClure, Charles R.

1984-01-01

43

International Perspectives: Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools and Canadian Community Colleges: A Comparison Using an Information Technology Conceptual Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compares Polish post-secondary vocational institutions with Canadian community colleges using an information technology conceptual framework. The research concentrated upon programs in information technology delivered by one Polish school Cracow School of Information Technology and two Canadian community colleges Durham (Oshawa,…

Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Pachocinski, Ryszard; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Kritsonis, William Allan

2007-01-01

44

Clear It Up: Plain Language in Government Health Information  

MedlinePLUS

... Clear It Up: Plain Language in Government Health Information What is plain language? It is communication that ... you've done to clear it up! More Information Federal Plain Language Health Literacy Contact CDC's Office ...

45

Government Depository Libraries: Gold Mines of Business Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Points out the availability of a wide range of information useful to business students (business statistics, information on international business, and entrepreneurship) available in federal government depository libraries. (SR)

Murray, Mary Ellen

1992-01-01

46

Governing Information Security in Conjunction with COBIT and ISO 27001  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, after giving a brief definition of Information Security Management Systems (ISMS), ISO 27001, IT governance and COBIT, pros and cons of implementing only COBIT, implementing only IS0 27001 and implementing both COBIT and ISO 27001 together when governing information security in enterprises will be issued.

Tolga Mataracioglu; Sevgi Ozkan

2011-01-01

47

Principles of Islam for information technology governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Islam and IT seems apart at the first glance. In essence, they share common points. In this paper, the religion Islam is regarded as an umbrella discipline to enlarge the scope of and improve IT governance. In doing so, the study highlights similarities and differences between Islam and COBIT in terms of format and content. By highlighting the similarities of

Necmettin Ozkan

2011-01-01

48

The regulatory and legal framework of information security and right to access information in Government, Local Government and Public Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of successful model of Government, Local Government and Public Services (GLGPS) in Croatia is based on the development of regulatory and legal framework to protect the rights of access to information. Nowadays, information security is becoming the most important issue in development of electronic administration. In this paper the authors will give an overview of the fundamentals of regulatory

Slavko Simundic; Marija Boban; Zoran Sinkovic

2010-01-01

49

Influencing Factors on the Sharing of Electronic Government Affairs Information and the Countermeasures  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the modern era of economic globalization and informationalization, the system of electronic government affairs information is a competent tool to improve government administration and service quality. Sharing government affairs information is an important part of implementing electronic government affairs information. With the intensifying of economic government affairs information in our country, the amount of government information resources has been

Wang He-jiang

2010-01-01

50

Country Information Available in Government Documents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography lists federal and international documents at the library of California State University at Fullerton which provide information on foreign countries. Documents are organized under the following subject headings: (1) general information; (2) aging; (3) agriculture/food supply and consumption; (4) children; (5) civil…

Richey, Debora J., Comp.

51

Electronic Record Systems and Individual Privacy. Federal Government Information Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report considers the privacy issues raised by the growth of the new technology being applied to the personal information collected, maintained, and disseminated by the Federal Government. Four major areas are addressed: (1) technological developments relevant to government record systems; (2) current and prospective Federal agency use of…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

52

Clinical governance, education and learning to manage health information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to suggest that the concept of clinical governance goes beyond a bureaucratic accountability structure and can be viewed as a negotiated balance between imperfectly aligned and sometimes conflicting goals within a complex adaptive system. On this view, the information system cannot be separated conceptually from the system of governance it supports or the people whose

Beverley Ellis; John Howard

2011-01-01

53

CCIDA Bibliographies from the Canadian Centre for Information and Documentation on Archives, National Archives of Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document lists 48 subject bibliographies produced by the Canadian Centre for Information and Documentation on Archives (CCIDA) from 1987 to 1990. Listed chronologically by CCIDA bibliography number, each entry provides the name of the author, the title, publication date, and number of pages. Topics covered include authentication of archival…

Churchville, Lida Holland, Comp.

54

Information Literacy Instruction in Canadian Academic Libraries: Longitudinal Trends and International Comparisons.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national survey of information literacy instruction in Canadian academic libraries revealed that trends in teaching objectives, methods, and content have changed little in the past five years. Instructional librarians continue to face numerous challenges, particularly with regard to limited resources and faculty and student attitudes. (Contains…

Julien, Heidi

2000-01-01

55

From the Front Line: Information Literacy Instruction in Canadian Academic Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on data from an ongoing study of information literacy and bibliographic instruction in Canadian academic libraries whose goal is to identify instructional outcomes and characterize successful instruction. Focuses on the current practices of librarian-instructors teaching bibliographic instruction in Canada and suggests implications for…

Julien, Heidi; Boon, Stuart

2002-01-01

56

Environmental Scanning: Preliminary Findings of a Survey of CEO Information Seeking Behaviour in Two Canadian Industries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the preliminary results of a survey of the environmental scanning behavior of 207 chief executive officers (CEOs) in the Canadian publishing and telecommunications industries. Topics addressed include information sources, perceived source accessibility, perceived source quality, and frequency of source use. (16 references) (LRW)

Auster, Ethel; Choo, Chun Wei

1992-01-01

57

Access to Government Information in a Digital Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses factors that scholars, teachers, and students need to understand in order to take advantage of electronic and online availability of government information and data, including technical issues and right to access. (EV)

Hernon, Peter; Relyea, Harold C.; Dugan, Robert E.

2002-01-01

58

1992 Canadian oil industry directory  

SciTech Connect

This book lists address, phone, fax, and personnel of companies active in the Canadian petroleum industry. It includes E and P, drilling, oilfield service, supply, manufacturing, and engineering companies, associations, and government agencies. It also describes activities, provides branch office and subsidiary information and company personnel indices.indices.

Moore, J.

1992-01-01

59

Understanding and Practice of Information Literacy in Australian Government Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most research on information literacy has emerged from the academic sector and there is a lack of research undertaken in the workplace. To further expand on this area of study, a survey was undertaken to investigate librarians' understanding of information literacy and the application of information literacy in government libraries in Australia.…

Kirton, Jennifer; Barham, Lyn; Brady, Sean

2008-01-01

60

Measuring information security governance within general medical practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information security is becoming increasingly important within the Australian general medical practice environment as legal and accreditation compliance is being enforced. Using a literature review, approaches to measuring information security governance were analysed for their potential suitability and use within General Practice for the effective protection of confidential information. The models, frameworks and guidelines selected were analysed to evaluate if

Rachel Mahncke; Donald McDermid; Patricia Williams

2009-01-01

61

Measuring Information Security Governance Within General Medical Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information security is becoming increasingly important within the Australian general medical practice environment as legal and accreditation compliance is being enforced. Using a literature review, approaches to measuring information security governance were analysed for their potential suitability and use within General Practice for the effective protection of confidential information. The models, frameworks and guidelines selected were analysed to evaluate if

Rachel J Mahncke; Donald C McDermid; Patricia A Williams

2009-01-01

62

Information Systems Security Governance Research: A Behavioral Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behavioral information systems security governance entails managing the informal structures in an organization to ensure an appropriate security environment. Informal structures in an organization comprise the individual values, beliefs and behavior prevalent in an organization guiding the norms and employee perception of job responsibilities. Five consistent themes arise from a critical review of the extant literature in this area: security

Sushma Mishra; Gurpreet Dhillon

63

Drinking Water Quality Guidelines across Canadian Provinces and Territories: Jurisdictional Variation in the Context of Decentralized Water Governance.  

PubMed

This article presents the first comprehensive review and analysis of the uptake of the Canadian Drinking Water Quality Guidelines (CDWQG) across Canada's 13 provinces and territories. This review is significant given that Canada's approach to drinking water governance is: (i) highly decentralized and (ii) discretionary. Canada is (along with Australia) only one of two Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member states that does not comply with the World Health Organization's (WHO) recommendation that all countries have national, legally binding drinking water quality standards. Our review identifies key differences in the regulatory approaches to drinking water quality across Canada's 13 jurisdictions. Only 16 of the 94 CDWQG are consistently applied across all 13 jurisdictions; five jurisdictions use voluntary guidelines, whereas eight use mandatory standards. The analysis explores three questions of central importance for water managers and public health officials: (i) should standards be uniform or variable; (ii) should compliance be voluntary or legally binding; and (iii) should regulation and oversight be harmonized or delegated? We conclude with recommendations for further research, with particular reference to the relevance of our findings given the high degree of variability in drinking water management and oversight capacity between urban and rural areas in Canada. PMID:24776725

Dunn, Gemma; Bakker, Karen; Harris, Leila

2014-01-01

64

Drinking Water Quality Guidelines across Canadian Provinces and Territories: Jurisdictional Variation in the Context of Decentralized Water Governance  

PubMed Central

This article presents the first comprehensive review and analysis of the uptake of the Canadian Drinking Water Quality Guidelines (CDWQG) across Canada’s 13 provinces and territories. This review is significant given that Canada’s approach to drinking water governance is: (i) highly decentralized and (ii) discretionary. Canada is (along with Australia) only one of two Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member states that does not comply with the World Health Organization’s (WHO) recommendation that all countries have national, legally binding drinking water quality standards. Our review identifies key differences in the regulatory approaches to drinking water quality across Canada’s 13 jurisdictions. Only 16 of the 94 CDWQG are consistently applied across all 13 jurisdictions; five jurisdictions use voluntary guidelines, whereas eight use mandatory standards. The analysis explores three questions of central importance for water managers and public health officials: (i) should standards be uniform or variable; (ii) should compliance be voluntary or legally binding; and (iii) should regulation and oversight be harmonized or delegated? We conclude with recommendations for further research, with particular reference to the relevance of our findings given the high degree of variability in drinking water management and oversight capacity between urban and rural areas in Canada.

Dunn, Gemma; Bakker, Karen; Harris, Leila

2014-01-01

65

Canadian ISTAR Information-Centric Collaborative Workspace Concept. Paper 1: The Info-Centric Collaborative Workspace from an Organizational Perspective.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR) is an evolving information operations (IO) concept in the Canadian Land Force. ISTAR provides the commander with a system to collect and process required information for producing i...

R. Dube G. Thibault

2004-01-01

66

A novel governance system for enterprise information services.  

PubMed

The authors created a novel system for governing the enterprise information services (IS) of a large health care system. The governance organization is comprised of key members of the attending medical staff, hospital and health system administration, and the IS department. A method for defining the requirements and business case for proposed new systems was developed for use by departments requesting new or expanded information services. A Technology Architecture Guideline document was developed and approved to provide a framework for supported hardware and software technologies. IS policies are approved by the main governance council. All project proposals are reviewed by specialized governance committees and, if approved, are launched for further development. Fully developed proposals are reviewed, approved and prioritized for funding by the governance council. This novel organization provides the methodology and structure for enlightened peer review and funding for well developed IS project proposals. PMID:10566433

Shabot, M M; Polaschek, J X; Duncan, R G; Langberg, M L; Jones, D T

1999-01-01

67

NAFTA, economic integration, and the Canadian?American security regime in the post?September 11, 2001 era: Multi?Level Governance and Transparent Border?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Did the traumatic event of September 11, 2001 lead the central governments of Canada and the United States to “re?center policy” because their executive roles had to be reaffirmed in matter of security? Or, did free trade and economic integration, in particular, frame the process of functional interdependency to determine the current security regime spanning the Canadian?American border?Despite the security

2004-01-01

68

Science.gov: gateway to government science information.  

PubMed

Science.gov is a portal to more than 40 scientific databases and 200 million pages of science information via a single query. It connects users to science information and research results from the U.S. government. This column will provide readers with an overview of the resource, as well as basic search hints. PMID:20391165

Fitzpatrick, Roberta Bronson

2010-01-01

69

The End of Access? The Government's New Information Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines examples of "information lockdown" by the federal government, including Executive Order 13233 issued by President George W. Bush. Considers the underlying rationale for the lockdown, its policy implications for academics and others who seek regular access to public-sector information, and its threat to democratic society. Includes a…

Connors, Thomas James

2002-01-01

70

WHO SHOULD REALLY MANAGE INFORMATION SECURITY IN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of security technology to the government organization was documented in a 1996 survey of all the new Federal Chief Information Officers conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency three critical technologies stood head and shoulders above the rest. Over half of the CIOs selected these three closely related critical technology challenges facing the new Federal Chief Information Officers. •

Alexander D. Korzyk; A. James Wynne

71

Information security governance: integrating security into the organizational culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

We finally got what we wished for: executive managers are aware of the need to protect their organizational data. However, we still have problems; for example, database breaches, stolen passwords and identity theft continue to be major issues. Aside from usability issues, the major issue is that management usually considers information security governance as under the jurisdiction of their information

Laura Corriss

2010-01-01

72

Information "Publics" and Equitable Access to Electronic Government Information: The Case of Agriculture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that making agricultural information produced by the federal government in electronic formats available through private vendors may lead to inequitable access for its users and challenges the federal government's role in the dissemination of agricultural information. An information public for agricultural information is defined, and…

Shill, Harold B.

1992-01-01

73

Government Printing Office CD-ROMS: Where to Find Information and Access to Government CDs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results of a survey of depository libraries that gathered information on which CD-ROM databases distributed by the Government Printing Office are received and public access to these databases. Addresses and details of equipment used for public access for the 41 responding libraries are provided, and a list of selected databases is…

Kovacs, Diane K.

1992-01-01

74

''Newly Invited ... into Government'': Origins of Federal Government Information on Maternal and Child Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Sheppard-Towner Act, popularly known as the Maternity and Infancy Act of 1921, was one of the first pieces of federal legislation designed to address the concerns of nationally enfranchised women voters. The Act also represented one of the earliest instances of U.S. women acting as producers and consumers of government information. In response…

Pierce, Jennifer Burek

2004-01-01

75

Government Information, the Community College, and the Internet: An Annotated Bibliography of the Top 25 Government Internet Sites.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that the Internet plays a vital role in providing college library users equal access to government information, and that government depositories must promote their collections, especially what is available on the Internet. Provides a partial bibliography of Internet information for U.S. government publications. (CW)

Dawson, Jeffrey B.

2000-01-01

76

Canadian Financial Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canadian Financial Network (CFN) is designed to help Canadian and global investors find quality information about the Canadian market. Featured on the site is the CFN Collection, a Web directory of over 6,000 financial Websites for investors. The sites are organized by subject and include lengthy annotations; Canadian resources are noted with a red maple leaf. The sites may be searched by keyword, with a special feature to limit the search to only Canadian sites.

77

From the front line: information literacy instruction in Canadian academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports on data collected from an on-going Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC)-funded study of information literacy and bibliographic instruction in Canadian academic libraries. The goal of this three-year study is to identify instructional outcomes and characterize successful instruction from the perspectives of the institutions providing that instruction (particularly the librarian- instructors), and the students receiving the instruction. Focuses

Heidi Julien; Stuart Boon

2002-01-01

78

Water Governance and Legislation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visitors to this site can review Canadian water policy and legislation for both provinces and federal government. Topics include the nature of water, water policy and legislation, water management, water and culture, and links to information and services (a glossary, news articles, and a teachers' corner). A French translation is available.

2003-07-31

79

Is scientific inquiry incompatible with government information control?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Government-administered science in Canada, and its potential for bureaucratic and political interference, merits examination in the wake of the biological and socioeconomic catastrophes associated with recent fishery collapses. We cite specific research on Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.) habitat to illustrate how nonscience influences can interfere with the dissemination of scientific information and the conduct of

Jeffrey A. Hutchings; Carl Walters; Richard L. Haedrich

1997-01-01

80

Corporate governance and information risk post Sarbanes Oxley  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the relationship between corporate governance and information risk in the period post introduction of the Sarbanes Oxley Act (2002). Previous studies investigate internal control weaknesses, and discretionary accruals surrounding reforms (Doyle et al. 2007; Asbaugh-Skaife et al. 2008; Lobo & Zhou, 2006; Cohen et al. 2005) but fail to link this to a comprehensive measure of corporate

M. Strydom; F. Navissi; M. Skully; M. Veeraraghavan

81

IT Governance of Construction Information Based on COBIT Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The construction industry plays a decisive role in the development of national economy, which runs unique characteristics.\\u000a IT Governance is built based on COBIT model in this paper to promote the progress of construction information smoothly.

Xiao Chen; Yanzhong Wang

82

Information Security Governance using ISO 17799 and COBIT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses a project in which a mapping between ISO 17799 and COBIT’s section DS 5 is being created. The purpose\\u000a of this mapping is to synchronize these two documents to a certain extent, to make it easier to use both in an integrated\\u000a way for information security governance and management.

Elmari Pretorius; Basie von Solms

83

Information Security governance: COBIT or ISO 17799 or both?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the co-existence of and complementary use of COBIT and ISO 17799 as reference frameworks for Information Security governance. The investigation is based on a mapping between COBIT and ISO 17799 which became available in 2004, and provides a level of ‘synchronization’ between these two frameworks.

Basie Von Solms

2005-01-01

84

Electronic Government Information and the Depository Library Program: Paradise Found?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The trend in the 1980s to provide an increasingly larger amounts of government information in electronic formats has led to concerns regarding the inclusion of electronic items in the depository library program (DLP). Inclusion of electronic formats in the DLP provides increased public access but also poses technical problems for the depository…

Dugan, Robert E.; Cheverie, Joan F.

1992-01-01

85

Costing Out a Depository Library: What Free Government Information?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1993, the Georgetown University library spent over four dollars to support its depository program for every dollar the Government Printing Office spent to distribute the information. Methods used to calculate costs, cost-sharing issues, and suggested action are discussed. Appendixes include a summary of the cost-compilation model and a…

Dugan, Robert E.; Dodsworth, Ellen M.

1994-01-01

86

Information security governance in Saudi organizations: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to empirically examine the existence and implementation of information security governance (ISG) in Saudi organizations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – An empirical survey, using a self-administered questionnaire, is conducted to explore and evaluate the current status and the main features of ISG in the Saudi environment. The questionnaire is developed based on ISG guidelines for boards of directors

Ahmad Abu-Musa

2010-01-01

87

41 CFR 102-33.380 - Who must report information to GSA on Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...must report information to GSA on Government aircraft? 102-33.380 Section 102-33.380...PROPERTY 33-MANAGEMENT OF GOVERNMENT AIRCRAFT Reporting Information on Government Aircraft Overview § 102-33.380 Who...

2013-07-01

88

The Information-Seeking Behavior of Local Government Officials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research assesses the information-seeking behav ior of top-level municipal and county government officials. Data were obtained through a 1989 mail questionnaire sent to 200 local officials serving in the San Francisco Bay Area of Northern Califor nia. One hundred and fifty-six officials returned usable question naires, resulting in a 78% response rate. The survey explored eight attitudes of policy-makers

Marc A. Levin

1991-01-01

89

Federal government information handbook: formerly utilized sites remedial action program  

SciTech Connect

This volume is one of a series produced under contract with the DOE, by Politech Corporation to develop a legislative and regulatory data base to assist the FUSRAP management in addressing the institutional and socioeconomic issues involved in carrying out the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program. This Information Handbook series contains information about all relevant government agencies at the Federal and state levels, the pertinent programs they administer, each affected state legislature, and current Federal and state legislative and regulatory initiatives. This volume is a compilation of information about the Federal Government. It contains a summary of the organization and responsibilities of agencies within the executive branch of the Federal government which may be relevant to FUSRAP activities; a brief summary of relevant Federal statutes and regulations; a description of the structure of the US Congress, identification of the officers, relevant committees and committee chairmen; a description of the Federal legislative process; a summary of legislation enacted and considered in the recently-adjourned 96th Congress; a description of the Federal budgetary process; a summary of the Carter Administration's comprehensive radioactive waste management program; and excerpts from the text of relevant federal statutes and regulations.

Not Available

1980-12-31

90

Cutting Off Access to Government Information: Loopholes in the Access to Information Act Generated by the Information Highway.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Canada, public access to federal government information is ruled by the Access to Information Act. This article explores loopholes in the Act, issues of data format and "tradeable" data (government information with substantial value), that could cause a conflict between its intent and effect. Tradeable data is troublesome because of shrinking…

Macaulay, Tyson

1997-01-01

91

Introduction to United States Government Information Sources. Sixth Edition. Library and Information Science Text Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an account of the general and specialized sources, in print and non-print formats, that make up the bibliographic and textual structure of federal government information. This edition has been revised to reflect the many changes that have occurred in the production and dissemination of government products within the last five…

Morehead, Joe

92

Government Information Locator Service (GILS). Draft report to the Information Infrastructure Task Force  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is a draft report on the Government Information Locator Service (GILS) to the National Information Infrastructure (NII) task force. GILS is designed to take advantage of internetworking technology known as client-server architecture which allows information to be distributed among multiple independent information servers. Two appendices are provided -- (1) A glossary of related terminology and (2) extracts from a draft GILS profile for the use of the American National Standard Information Retrieval Application Service Definition and Protocol Specification for Library Applications.

1994-01-01

93

Validation of Snow Cover Information Derived From AMSR-E Data Over Canadian Regions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CRYSYS (Cryospheric System in Canada) has been an Interdisciplinary Science Investigation (IDS) in NASA's Earth Observing System Program since 1990, hosted and funded by Canadian agencies and universities, with the lead being the Meteorological Service of Canada (MSC). One of the main objectives of CRYSYS is to develop capabilities for improved satellite-based measurement, monitoring and understanding of cryospheric variables over a range of spatial and temporal scales over Canada (for further information see www.crysys.ca). As an EOS IDS team, CRYSYS has a particular interest in cryospheric information derived from EOS sensors. The development, application and validation of methods to extract snow cover information from passive microwave sensors has been a major research thrust within CRYSYS. Algorithms that derive snow water equivalent (SWE) have been developed by the Climate Research Branch (CRB) of MSC and CRYSYS university collaborators and validated for a number of landscape regions including prairie, boreal forest and taiga. The CRB SWE algorithms are used with SSM/I data to generate regional snow cover products that are being used to support a number of research and operational applications. With the launch of the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR-E) on the EOS Aqua satellite in May 2002, a new source of passive microwave derived snow cover information became available. AMSR-E offers the potential for retrieval of enhanced SWE information over Canadian regions, particularly with its higher spatial resolution (10 km) than previous satellite microwave radiometers such as SSM/I (25 km). Validation of snow cover information from AMSR-E data is a priority research activity within CRYSYS, and is a contribution to the EOS AMSR-E Science Team validation program. During the winter of 2003, two CRYSYS field campaigns were conducted with a specific focus to acquire data sets in support of AMSR-E snow cover validation over Canadian regions. The first campaign was conducted February 2003 in the prairie and boreal forest regions of Saskatchewan in western Canada and involved the acquisition of airborne microwave radiometer data and ground-based measurements of snow cover properties. The second campaign occurred March 2003 in the James Bay region of Quebec in eastern Canada, involving ground-based measurements of snow cover properties along a 600 km transect transitioning from boreal forest to taiga landscapes. This paper will present initial results of the evaluation of AMSR-E derived snow cover information using data acquired during these CRYSYS validation campaigns. An overview of CRYSYS snow cover validation campaigns planned for the upcoming winter 2004 and beyond will also be presented. Validation data sets from the 2003 field campaigns and future ones will be available to the scientific community via the Canadian Cryospheric Information Network (www.ccin.ca).

Walker, A. E.; Derksen, C.; Royer, A.; Goodison, B. E.

2003-12-01

94

Electronic Document Imaging and Optical Storage Systems for Local Governments: An Introduction. Local Government Records Technical Information Series. Number 21.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication introduces electronic document imaging systems and provides guidance for local governments in New York in deciding whether such systems should be adopted for their own records and information management purposes. It advises local governments on how to develop plans for using such technology by discussing its advantages and…

Schwartz, Stanley F.

95

Local Government Information Systems--A Study of USAC and the Future Application of Computer Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report addressed to policy making officials in local government deals with the role of federal assistance in future developments of information systems by local governments through an assessment of the Urban Information Systems Inter-Agency Committee...

1976-01-01

96

Records Management Consultants for Local Governments. Local Government Records Technical Information Series No. 44.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides advice and guidance to local governments that are considering hiring a records management consultant. Such consultants can play a beneficial role in improving local government records management programs. However, local governments should not become overly dependent on consultants for routine or continuing work that…

Filiaci, Anne; Tammaro, James

97

On the Determinants of Internet-Based Disclosure of Government Financial Information  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internet has become a major channel for communications between government and citizens. With the Regulation of the People's Republic of China on the Disclosure of Government Information coming into force as of May 1st, 2008, more and more local government in China present financial information at their websites. This paper investigates the determinants of disclosure of financial information of Local

He Yu

2010-01-01

98

Prosocial Development from Childhood to Adolescence: A Multi-Informant Perspective with Canadian and Italian Longitudinal Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: To longitudinally describe prosocial behaviour development from childhood to adolescence, using multiple informants within Canadian and Italian samples. Method: Participants in Study 1 were 1037 boys from low socioeconomic status (SES) areas in Montreal, Canada, for whom yearly teacher and mother reports were obtained between the ages…

Nantel-Vivier, Amelie; Kokko, Katja; Caprara, Gian Vittorio; Pastorelli, Concetta; Gerbino, Maria Grazia; Paciello, Marinella; Cote, Sylvana; Pihl, Robert O.; Vitaro, Frank; Tremblay, Richard E.

2009-01-01

99

Evidence-informed recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages supplementing the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines  

PubMed Central

Background Few validated guidelines exist for developing messages in health promotion practice. In clinical practice, the Appraisal of Guidelines, Research, and Evaluation II (AGREE II) Instrument is the international gold standard for guideline assessment, development, and reporting. In a case study format, this paper describes the application of the AGREE II principles to guide the development of health promotion guidelines for constructing messages to supplement the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines (CPAG) released in 2011. Methods The AGREE II items were modified to suit the objectives of developing messages that (1) clarify key components of the new CPAG and (2) motivate Canadians to meet the CPAG. The adapted AGREE II Instrument was used as a systematic guide for the recommendation development process. Over a two-day meeting, five workgroups (one for each CPAG – child, youth, adult, older adult – and one overarching group) of five to six experts (including behavior change, messaging, and exercise physiology researchers, key stakeholders, and end users) reviewed and discussed evidence for creating and targeting messages to supplement the new CPAG. Recommendations were summarized and reviewed by workgroup experts. The recommendations were pilot tested among end users and then finalized by the workgroup. Results The AGREE II was a useful tool in guiding the development of evidence-based specific recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages that supplement and increase awareness of the new CPAG (child, youth, adults, and older adults). The process also led to the development of sample messages and provision of a rationale alongside the recommendations. Conclusions To our knowledge, these are the first set of evidence-informed recommendations for constructing and disseminating messages supplementing physical activity guidelines. This project also represents the first application of international standards for guideline development (i.e., AGREE II) to the creation of practical recommendations specifically aimed to inform health promotion and public health practice. The messaging recommendations have the potential to increase the public health impact of evidence-based guidelines.

2013-01-01

100

Can We Get National Labour Market Information into the Classroom Faster? The Information Technology Professional Program. An Association of Canadian Community Colleges Sponsored Sectoral Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Software Human Resource Council (SHRC) is a nonprofit sectoral council that speaks for software professionals throughout the Canadian economy. The SHRC's mission is to increase the number of Information Technology (IT) workers in Canada. This paper gives a brief overview of the evolution of SHRC's Information Technology Professional Program…

Diakun, Denyce; Phillips, Rodger

101

E-Governance & government on-line in Canada: Partnerships, people & prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this paper is to examine the capacity of the Canadian federal government to effectively harness information technology (IT) as an enabling force in its efforts to meet the present and emerging challenges of a digital age. The main thesis of this paper is that this necessary transformation in public sector governance and accountability is likely to be

Barbara Ann Allen; Luc Juillet; Gilles Paquet; Jeffrey Roy

2001-01-01

102

48 CFR 52.232-35 - Designation of Office for Government Receipt of Electronic Funds Transfer Information.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Designation of Office for Government Receipt of Electronic Funds Transfer Information. 52...Designation of Office for Government Receipt of Electronic Funds Transfer Information. As prescribed...of Office for Government Receipt of Electronic Funds Transfer Information (JUL...

2013-10-01

103

"A National Crime": The Canadian Government and the Residential School System, 1879 to 1986. Manitoba Studies in Native History XI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Canada's residential school system for Aboriginal children has had lasting damaging effects on Indigenous people. Founded in 1879, the residential school system was operated through a church-state partnership. The government provided the funding, set standards of care, and supervised the administration of schools, while the Anglican, Catholic,…

Milloy, John S.

104

Information security governance: a risk assessment approach to health information systems protection.  

PubMed

It is no small task to manage the protection of healthcare data and healthcare information systems. In an environment that is demanding adaptation to change for all information collection, storage and retrieval systems, including those for of e-health and information systems, it is imperative that good information security governance is in place. This includes understanding and meeting legislative and regulatory requirements. This chapter provides three models to educate and guide organisations in this complex area, and to simplify the process of information security governance and ensure appropriate and effective measures are put in place. The approach is risk based, adapted and contextualized for healthcare. In addition, specific considerations of the impact of cloud services, secondary use of data, big data and mobile health are discussed. PMID:24018517

Williams, Patricia A H

2013-01-01

105

A New Frontier for LIS Programs: E-Government Education, Library/Government Partnerships, and the Preparation of Future Information Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the implications of the continued growth of e-government information, communication, and services for Library and Information Science programs in the United States in light of the development of e-government educational programs and library/government partnerships. The implementation of e-government raises several important…

Jaeger, Paul T.; Bertot, John Carlo; Shuler, John A.; McGilvray, Jessica

2012-01-01

106

Government Information Collections and Services in the Social Sciences: The Subject Specialist Integration Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Use of government information by social sciences researchers has not increased since the 1980's. This article argues that academic libraries must begin to focus less on government organization and function and begin to collect government information and offer reference and instruction services within the context of disciplines. Subject librarians…

Cheney, Debora

2006-01-01

107

Using Government Documents to Obtain Information on National Parks, Monuments and Forests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains how to obtain information from United States Government publications through the use of depository libraries, purchase of government documents, and locating free government publications. Gives specific information source examples related to the geology of national parks, monuments, and forests. (GS)

Westerback, Mary; Yukawa, Masako

1980-01-01

108

Information Privacy and Trust in Government: A Citizen-Based Perspective from New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing use of e-government raises issues about the privacy of information provided by citizens to government. This paper explores the experiences and concerns of New Zealanders in relation to information privacy, and the impact of these concerns on the trust they place in government. A series of focus groups were conducted among community groups. The findings reflect a range of

Rowena Cullen; Patrick Reilly

2008-01-01

109

Information Privacy and Trust in Government: a citizen-based perspective from New Zealand  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing use of e-government has raised issues about the privacy of information provided by citizens to government. This paper explores the experiences and concerns of New Zealanders in relation to information privacy, and the impact of these concerns on the trust they place in government. A series of focus groups were conducted among a range of community groups. The findings

Rowena Cullen; Patrick Reilly

2007-01-01

110

The Czech and Slovak armed forces immediately before the CSFR split: notes from Canadian classified diplomatic records  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent Access to Information Act request to the Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and international Trade resulted in the release of 256 pages of text concerning Czech and Slovak Federal Republic (CSFR) defense and security issues. A close look at the available records reveals some of the subjects of interest to the Canadian government as well as the relative

Stéphane Lefebvre

2002-01-01

111

The Federal Government and Information Technology Standards: Building the National Information Infrastructure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the development of the National Information Infrastructure (NII). Highlights include the standards process; voluntary standards; Open Systems Interconnection problems; Internet Protocol Suite; consortia; government's role; and network security. (16 references) (LRW)

Radack, Shirley M.

1994-01-01

112

Disseminating Landslide Hazard Information for California Local Government  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1969, the California Geological Survey has produced numerous maps showing landslide features and delineating potential slope-stability problem areas. These maps have been provided to local governments to encourage consideration of landslide hazards in planning and development decisions. Maps produced from 1986 through 1995 under the Landslide Hazard Mapping Act were advisory only, and their use by local government was never consistent. By contrast, maps of Zones of Required Investigation for seismically induced landslides produced under the Seismic Hazard Zoning Act since 1997 come with detailed guidelines and legal requirements. A legislative act that required landslide hazards be mapped and hazard maps disseminated to local government proved ineffective in landslide hazard mitigation. A later act with requirements that the hazard zone maps be used by local government proved more effective. Planning scenarios have proven to be an effective way of transmitting scientific information about natural hazards to emergency response professionals. Numerous earthquake planning scenarios have been prepared and used as the basis for emergency response exercises. An advantage of scenarios that include loss estimates is that the effects can be put in units of measure that everyone understands, principally deaths and dollars. HAZUS software available from FEMA allows calculation of losses for earthquake scenarios, but similar methods for landslides have not been developed. As part of the USGS Multi-Hazard Demonstration Project, we have estimated the landslide losses for a major west-coast winter storm scenario by developing a system based loosely on HAZUS. Data on landslide damage in past storms has been sparse and inconsistent, but a few data sets are available. The most detailed and complete available data on landslide damage was gathered by the City of Los Angeles following the 1978 storms. We extrapolate from that data to the entire state by first generalizing a landslide susceptibility map to give a single value of susceptibility for each census tract. We then calculated the loss ratio, the cost of landslide damage from the 1978 storms divided by the value of light wood frame structures in the census tract. The comparison suggests three general categories of damage: tracts with low landslide susceptibility have no landslide damage: tracts with moderate susceptibility have loss ratios of about 0.016%: and tracts with high susceptibility have loss ratios of 0.096%. Using these values, the susceptibility map becomes a landslide loss ratio map for the average storm intensity and landslide vulnerability of Los Angeles in 1978. Generalization to other storm intensities uses differences in storm intensity and landslide damage data from the 1982 storm in the Bay Area. In Santa Cruz County, that storm had a recurrence interval of over 100 years, and over 3 times the damage as our projection from the 1978 data. In Sonoma County, that storm had a recurrence interval of only 10 years and damage that was only 2% of our projection. If a relationship between storm intensity and the projections from the 1978 Los Angeles data can be developed, we may be able to estimate landslide losses for any projected storm intensity.

Wills, C. J.

2010-12-01

113

Risk communication and informed consent in the medical tourism industry: A thematic content analysis of canadian broker websites  

PubMed Central

Background Medical tourism, thought of as patients seeking non-emergency medical care outside of their home countries, is a growing industry worldwide. Canadians are amongst those engaging in medical tourism, and many are helped in the process of accessing care abroad by medical tourism brokers - agents who specialize in making international medical care arrangements for patients. As a key source of information for these patients, brokers are likely to play an important role in communicating the risks and benefits of undergoing surgery or other procedures abroad to their clientele. This raises important ethical concerns regarding processes such as informed consent and the liability of brokers in the event that complications arise from procedures. The purpose of this article is to examine the language, information, and online marketing of Canadian medical tourism brokers' websites in light of such ethical concerns. Methods An exhaustive online search using multiple search engines and keywords was performed to compile a comprehensive directory of English-language Canadian medical tourism brokerage websites. These websites were examined using thematic content analysis, which included identifying informational themes, generating frequency counts of these themes, and comparing trends in these counts to the established literature. Results Seventeen websites were identified for inclusion in this study. It was found that Canadian medical tourism broker websites varied widely in scope, content, professionalism and depth of information. Three themes emerged from the thematic content analysis: training and accreditation, risk communication, and business dimensions. Third party accreditation bodies of debatable regulatory value were regularly mentioned on the reviewed websites, and discussion of surgical risk was absent on 47% of the websites reviewed, with limited discussion of risk on the remaining ones. Terminology describing brokers' roles was somewhat inconsistent across the websites. Finally, brokers' roles in follow up care, their prices, and the speed of surgery were the most commonly included business dimensions on the reviewed websites. Conclusion Canadian medical tourism brokers currently lack a common standard of care and accreditation, and are widely lacking in providing adequate risk communication for potential medical tourists. This has implications for the informed consent and consequent safety of Canadian medical tourists.

2011-01-01

114

US government information: selected current issues in public access vs. private competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Web information systems are having a profound effect on the way information is being disseminated today. Current technological advances have caused many government agencies to re-evaluate their practice of contracting with private sector vendors who have traditionally repackaged and marketed the agency's raw data. These new opportunities for government agencies wishing to make information publicly accessible have blurred the traditional

Susan McMullen

2000-01-01

115

Modernization of tax information system for improved e-government services  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this case study, we summarize current e-government initiatives in Mongolia and highlight the needs for modernizing tax information system of Mongolia, initiatives contributing to modernization of tax information system such as data-sharing protocol between government agencies and the role of the World Bank project. The paper describes the positive impact of improved Tax Information system in the tax system

Uyanga Sambuu; Zolbayar Chuluunbat

2010-01-01

116

Informal payments in government health facilities in Albania: Results of a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

As governments seek to expand access to quality health care services, policy makers in many countries are confronting the problem of informal payments to medical personnel. The aim of this study was to help health planners in Albania understand informal payments occurring in government health facilities. Researchers used in-depth interviews and focus groups with 131 general public and provider informants

Taryn Vian; Kristina Grybosk; Zamira Sinoimeri; Rachel Hall

2006-01-01

117

Annotated directory of US Government information system projects of potential interest to NASA/SSPO  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this research activity was to develop a list for NASA of major U.S. government information systems contacts who are able to cooperate with NASA on technical interchange. The list contains the names of appropriate managers involved in major information system projects, U.S. government office officials, and their hierarchy up to the highest officials whose major responsibilities include government information systems development.

Legrand, Sue

1988-01-01

118

Optimal tracking and testing of U.S. and Canadian herds for BSE: a value-of-information (VOI) approach.  

PubMed

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) tests a subset of cattle slaughtered in the United States for bovine spongiform encephalitis (BSE). Knowing the origin of cattle (U.S. vs. Canadian) at testing could enable new testing or surveillance policies based on the origin of cattle testing positive. For example, if a Canadian cow tests positive for BSE, while no U.S. origin cattle do, the United States could subject Canadian cattle to more stringent testing. This article illustrates the application of a value-of-information (VOI) framework to quantify and compare potential economic costs to the United States of implementing tracking cattle origins to the costs of not doing so. The potential economic value of information from a tracking program is estimated to exceed its costs by more than five-fold if such information can reduce future losses in export and domestic markets and reduce future testing costs required to reassure or win back customers. Sensitivity analyses indicate that this conclusion is somewhat robust to many technical, scientific, and market uncertainties, including the current prevalence of BSE in the United States and/or Canada and the likely reactions of consumers to possible future discoveries of BSE in the United States and/or Canada. Indeed, the potential value of tracking information is great enough to justify locating and tracking Canadian cattle already in the United States when this can be done for a reasonable cost. If aggressive tracking and testing can win back lost exports, then the VOI of a tracking program may increase to over half a billion dollars per year. PMID:16268932

Cox, Louis Anthony; Popken, Douglas A; VanSickle, John J; Sahu, Ranajit

2005-08-01

119

Federal Government Information Technology: Electronic Record Systems and Individual Privacy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report addresses four major areas: (1) technological developments relevant to government record systems; (2) current and prospective Federal agency use of electronic record systems; (3) the interaction of technology and public law relevant to protecti...

1986-01-01

120

Reproductive and therapeutic cloning, germline therapy, and purchase of gametes and embryos: comments on Canadian legislation governing reproduction technologies  

PubMed Central

In this article the three main topics covered in the new legislation are commented on: cloning, germline therapy, and purchase of gametes and embryos. Some important issues also covered in the new legislation, such as privacy and access to information, data protection, identity of donors, and inspection, will not be addressed.

Bernier, L; Gregoire, D

2004-01-01

121

E-Democracy and E-Government: How Will These Affect Libraries?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the late 1980s, when few Canadian citizens had Internet access, federal departments and agencies in Canada were already preparing for the future by putting information and documentation online. This paper outlines several government-sponsored programs--SchoolNet, the Canadian Investment Fund, Community Access Program, Canada Foundation for…

Pare, Richard

122

Canadian Hearing Impaired Students in Canadian Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian government has established three centers of educational excellence especially for hearing impaired and deaf college students at the University of Alberta, the University of Western Ontario, and the Atlantic Centre at St. Mary's University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. The centre has initiated such activities as a faculty awareness program,…

Leitch, David A.

1986-01-01

123

The Design and Research of Basic Information Platform about the Electronic Government in Guangzhou  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guangzhou implemented e-government project which provided good opportunity to achieve the Government's reform of the management functions. The basic information platform mainly included basic database system, meta-data management system, data applications and services system, directory services system and government system based on directory service. It was the general framework and the basis of e-government which played a central role in

Fang Yuan; Chen Li-yan

2008-01-01

124

Z39.50 and GILS model. [Government Information Locator Service  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Government Information Locator System (GILS) is a component of the National Information Infrastructure (NII) which provides electronic access to sources of publicly accessible information maintained throughout the Federal Government. GILS is an internetworking information resource that identifies other information resources, describes the information available in the referenced resources, and provides assistance in how to obtain the information either directly or through intermediaries. The GILS core content which references each Federal information system holding publicly accessible data or information is described in terms of mandatory and optional core elements.

Christian, Eliot

1994-01-01

125

Achieving Administrative Transparency Through Information Systems: A Case Study in the Seoul Metropolitan Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Information systems have been mostly used to enhance the efficiency of administrative procedures in the local government sector\\u000a as well as the central government sector. Information systems also help to improve transparency of civil affairs. The OPEN\\u000a (Online Procedures Enhancement from civil application) system in the Seoul metropolitan government of South Korea has helped\\u000a to achieve transparency in the civil

Seongcheol Kim; Keunhee Cho

2005-01-01

126

32 CFR 635.15 - Release of law enforcement information furnished by foreign governments or international...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Release of law enforcement information furnished by foreign governments...DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY (CONTINUED) LAW ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS LAW ENFORCEMENT REPORTING Release of Information...

2013-07-01

127

Undergraduate Use of Government Information: What Citation Studies Tell Us about Instruction Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among librarians, government information has a reputation for being a valuable but underused resource. A literature review of undergraduate citation studies, however, reveals that the use of government information has apparently increased so much for some subject areas that, after books and journals, it has become one of the most frequently used…

Brunvand, Amy; Pashkova-Balkenhol, Tatiana

2008-01-01

128

A Novel Trust-Based Information Sharing Protocol for Secure Communication between Government Agencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Governments around the world are progressively turning to information sharing and integration, for solving problems in an extensive range of programs and policy areas. Problems of global concern such as disease detection and control, terrorism, immigration and border control, illicit drug trafficking, and more necessitate information sharing, coordination and collaboration amongst government agencies within a country and across national boundaries.

G. K. Pradhan

2009-01-01

129

Governance through information: environmental monitoring from a citizen-consumer perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The function of environmental monitoring and information in governing the environment has changed considerably in recent times. Traditionally, environmental monitoring was geared towards governments and producers; it provided them with the information required to formulate environmental policies and environmental management strategies. More recently, environmental monitoring has come to serve an additional and different function. In line with the increasing popularity

Burg van den S. W. K

2006-01-01

130

Memorandum: "Cost Sharing" for the Dissemination of Government Information in Electronic Formats.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is not legally permissible for depository libraries to impose user fees upon library patrons who want government information which is available in electronic format. Publishing federal agency is responsible for costs of furnishing access to the database, and Government Printing Office is obligated to pay the costs of conveying that information

Zagami, Anthony J.

1991-01-01

131

78 FR 70617 - Open Government: Use of Genetic Information in Documenting and Evaluating Disability  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SSA-2013-0054] Open Government: Use of Genetic Information in Documenting and Evaluating...government comment forum about the use of genetic information in the disability determination...long-standing policy, we do not purchase genetic testing to evaluate disability....

2013-11-26

132

Hierarchical empowerment model research of the complex government affair information system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under electronic government affair circumstance, task is always executed by users, posts or roles. And in the complex government affair information system, users and posts face more than one management information system, and there are different demand and execution for each subsystem. So, it may result in a redundant or repetitive resource assignment and a heavy work load if assignments

Li Huai-ming; Jin Zhen-jia; Ye Xin

2008-01-01

133

Providing Government Information on the Internet: Experiences with THOMAS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The THOMAS system is designed to make legislative infor- mation available to the general public over the Internet, and can be regarded as a prototype of a government digital library. As a joint project between the Library of Congress and the University of Massachusetts, THOMAS provides significant opportunities for studying the retrieval and interface tech- niques that are needed to

W. Bruce Croft; Robert Cook; Dean Wilder

1995-01-01

134

Information and liquidity effects of government approved stock investments  

Microsoft Academic Search

On April 1, 1986, the Singapore government announced that resident investors or Central Provident Fund (CPF) members could use their compulsory savings in the CPF to invest in approved equity stocks, unit trusts, and gold. This policy was implemented on May 1, 1986. However, the list of 70 approved trustee stocks in which CPF members may invest their funds was

Kian-Guan Lim; Kie-Ann Wong; Wee-Yong Yeo; Soo-Chen Wong

1999-01-01

135

Information and Liquidity Effect of Government Approved Stock Investments  

Microsoft Academic Search

On April 1, 1986, the Singapore government announced that resident investors or Central Provident Fund (CPF) members could use their compulsory savings in the CPF to invest in approved equity stocks, unit trusts, and gold. This policy was implemented on May 1, 1986. However, the list of 70 approved trustee stocks in which CPF members may invest their funds was

Kian Guan Lim; W. Y Yeo; K A Wong; S. C. Wong

1999-01-01

136

40 CFR 2.304 - Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Safe Drinking Water Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...governing certain information obtained under the Safe Drinking Water Act. 2...governing certain information obtained under the Safe Drinking Water Act. (a...in drinking water is not eligible...treatment. No information to which...

2009-07-01

137

40 CFR 2.304 - Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Safe Drinking Water Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...governing certain information obtained under the Safe Drinking Water Act. 2...governing certain information obtained under the Safe Drinking Water Act. (a...in drinking water is not eligible...treatment. No information to which...

2010-07-01

138

Engaging the Board: Corporate Governance and Information Assurance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The UK is committed to an ambitious vision in which electronic networks will create an Information Society and Knowledge Economy. Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) hold the potential to revitalise UK business, to spur economic growth and co...

A. Anhal S. Daman K. O'Brien A. Rathmell

2003-01-01

139

The Green Power Network: Green Power government information clearinghouse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site contains Green Power information from the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Clearinghouse of the U.S. Department of Energy. The Green Power Network exists to provide "news and information on green power providers." The site's information is searchable by state and shows different markets for green power (utility green pricing, green power marketing, and renewable energy certificates).

2008-08-26

140

Information technology applications in East Africa government-owned university libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The information environment of a given society currently revolves around the ability to use and manipulate information technologies. This paper reviews the trend of information technology (IT) applications in East Africa government-owned university libraries for the ten years 1987-1997. By 1997, East Africa (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda) had only eight government-owned university libraries. The trend of IT applications in those libraries

R. T. Mulimila

2000-01-01

141

Federal Government Information Systems Security Management and Governance Are Pacing Factors for Innovation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Security incidents resulting from human error or subversive actions have caused major financial losses, reduced business productivity or efficiency, and threatened national security. Some research suggests that information system security frameworks lack emphasis on human involvement as a significant cause for security problems in a rapidly…

Edwards, Gregory

2011-01-01

142

The Canadian experience in frontier environmental protection  

SciTech Connect

Early Canadian frontier exploration (from 1955 onshore and from 1966 for offshore drilling) caused insignificant public concern. The 1967-1968 Torrey Canyon Tanker and Santa Barbara disasters roused public opinion and governments. In Canada, 1969-1970 Arctic gas blowouts, a tanker disaster, and damage to the 'Manhattan' exacerbated concerns and resulted in new environmental regulatory constraints. From 1970, the Arctic Petroleum Operations Association learned to operate safely with environmental responsibility. It studied physical environment for design criteria, and the biological and human environment to ameliorate impact. APOA's research projects covered sea-ice, permafrost, sea-bottom, oil-spills, bird and mammal migration, fish habitat, food chains, oceanography, meteorology, hunters'/trappers' harvests, etc. In 1971 Eastcoast Petroleum Operators' Association and Alaska Oil and Gas Association followed APOA's cooperative research model. EPOA stressed icebergs and fisheries. Certain research was handled by the Canadian Offshore Oil Spill Research Association. By the mid-1980s these associations had undertaken $70,000,000 of environmental oriented research, with equivalent additional work by member companies on specific needs and similar sums by Federal agencies often working with industry on complementary research. The frontier associations then merged with the Canadian Petroleum Association, already active environmentally in western Canada. Working with government and informing environmental interest groups, the public, natives, and local groups, most Canadian frontier petroleum operations proceeded with minimal delay and environmental disturbance.

Jones, G.H. (Alconsult International Ltd., Calgary, Alberta (Canada))

1991-03-01

143

The Role of Information Technology in Local Government Administration in Delta State Nigeria: A Case Study of Aniocha North and Aniocha South Local Government Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The study aims to examine the role of information technology in Local Government Administration in Delta State, using Aniocha North and Aniocha South Local Government Areas as the case study. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey approach was used to learn what was actually happening in local government practices. Findings – IT contributes enormous value to the workings and operations

Stephen Osahon Uwaifo; Anthonia Chukwudumebi Kabadi

2006-01-01

144

IT Governance through Regulatory Modalities. Health Care Information Infrastructure and the \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The purpose of this paper is to discuss a framework for governance of information infrastructures. While most research in\\u000a IT governance suggests top-down governance frameworks, we argue that a more viable approach is to explore a broader set of\\u000a more indirect measures of control.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a One excellent area in which to study this is IT in health, because the high political

Bendik Bygstad; Ole Hanseth

2010-01-01

145

Design and realization of spatial information service system for government administration of natural disaster  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The government of nearly every country have responsibility for administering the affairs of preventing and reducing the natural disasters. The geospatial character and positional connection of natural disasters information makes the geospatial information and GIS technology play a key role in government affairs increasingly. Based on project implementation and study of developing science and technology concerning reducing and preventing disasters in China, the paper is mainly on the comprehensive study of requirements analysis,construction pattern, primary assignments, main functions, important application and methods of Spatial Information Service System for Government Administration of Natural Disaster.

Wang, Liang; Liu, Jiping; Zhu, Yi; Shi, Lihong

2007-08-01

146

U.S. Government on the Web: Getting the Information You Need.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide organizes nearly 1,000 federal government World Wide Web sites and shows users how to find the information they need quickly and easily. More than a directory, this resource gives users a clear understanding of U.S. government agencies, their online publications, and their applications. There is background material on all three branches…

Hernon, Peter; Shuler, John A.; Dugan, Robert E.

147

Partners on the Net: FDLP Partnering to Coordinate Remote Access to Internet-Based Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Government Printing Office (GPO) plan for the transition to an electronic Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) that, through a network of partnerships comprised of the GPO, the National Archives and Records Administration, federal agencies, and FDLP libraries, will increase public access to government information. (JAK)

Aldrich, Duncan

1998-01-01

148

78 FR 53014 - Agency Information Collection (Claim for One Sum Payment (Government Life Insurance)) Activities...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...One Sum Payment (Government Life Insurance...Department of Veterans Affairs. ACTION: Notice...Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management...or sent through electronic mail to oira_submission...Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 Vermont Avenue...One Sum Payment (Government Life...

2013-08-27

149

78 FR 57683 - Agency Information Collection (Application for Standard Government Headstone or Marker for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Application for Standard Government Headstone or Marker...Department of Veterans Affairs. ACTION: Notice...Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management...or sent through electronic mail to oira_submission...Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 Vermont Avenue...Application for Standard Government Headstone or...

2013-09-19

150

78 FR 64065 - Agency Information Collection (Claim for Standard Government Headstone or Marker for Installation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Claim for Standard Government Headstone or Marker...Department of Veterans Affairs. ACTION: Notice...Information and Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management...or sent through electronic mail to oira_submission...Department of Veterans Affairs, 810 Vermont Avenue...Claim for Standard Government Headstone or...

2013-10-25

151

Insider Threat to U.S. Government Information Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This NSTISSAM focuses on the insider and the potential damage that such an individual could cause when targeting today's Information Systems (IS) It points out the various weaknesses in today's IS an insider might exploit and highlights approaches to solv...

M. Hayden

1999-01-01

152

Optical Storage Systems for Records and Information Management: Overview, Recommendations and Guidelines for Local Governments. Local Government Records Technical Information Series. Number 45.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication discusses optical storage, a term encompassing technologies that use laser-produced light to record and store information in digital form. The booklet also discusses how optical storage systems relate to records management, in particular to the management of local government records in New York State. It describes components of…

Schwartz, Stanley F.

153

41 CFR 102-33.390 - What information must we report on Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Information on senior Federal officials and others who travel on Government aircraft to GSA, Travel Management Policy Division (MTT), 1800 F Street, NW., Washington, DC 20405 (see OMB Circular A-126 for specific rules and a definition of senior...

2013-07-01

154

41 CFR 102-33.390 - What information must we report on Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Information on senior Federal officials and others who travel on Government aircraft to GSA, Travel Management Policy Division (MTT), 1800 F Street, NW., Washington, DC 20405 (see OMB Circular A-126 for specific rules and a definition of senior...

2010-07-01

155

77 FR 38396 - Agency Information Collection (Notice of Lapse-Government Life Insurance) Activities Under OMB...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control No. 2900-0128] Agency Information Collection...Lapse--Government Life Insurance) Activities Under OMB Review AGENCY: Veterans Benefits Administration...for reinstatement of such insurance. An agency may not conduct or...

2012-06-27

156

76 FR 2756 - Agency Information Collection (Application for Conversion) (Government Life Insurance) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Control No. 2900-0149] Agency Information Collection...Conversion) (Government Life Insurance) Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY: Veterans Benefits Administration...insurance to a permanent plan of insurance. An agency may not conduct or...

2011-01-14

157

76 FR 71624 - Agency Information Collection (Claim for Disability Insurance Benefits, Government Life Insurance...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. 2900-0016] Agency Information Collection...Claim for Disability Insurance Benefits, Government Life Insurance) Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY: Veterans Benefits...eligibility for disability insurance benefits. An agency may not conduct...

2011-11-18

158

10 CFR 1004.11 - Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization. 1004.11 Section...Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization....

2009-01-01

159

10 CFR 1004.11 - Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization. 1004.11 Section...Handling information of a private business, foreign government, or an international organization....

2010-01-01

160

Transforming Access to Government through Information Technology. Report to the President.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one in a series of reports to the President and Congress developed by the President's Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC) on key contemporary issues in information technology. This report highlights findings and recommendations on how the government can provide leadership by solving key information technology challenges,…

National Coordination Office for Information Technology Research and Development, Arlington, VA.

161

78 FR 78462 - Open Government: Use of Genetic Information in Documenting and Evaluating Disability; Extension...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SSA-2013-0054] Open Government: Use of Genetic Information in Documenting and Evaluating...soliciting ideas and comments about the use of genetic information in the disability determination...soliciting ideas and comments about the use of genetic information in the disability...

2013-12-26

162

Quantitative Models for Occupational Teacher Utilization of Government-Published Information. Systems Engineering of Education VIII.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Federal Government creates and disseminates large accounts of technical information in various forms, i.e., handbooks, manuals, guides, texts, brochures and periodicals. Much of this information is of value to the vocational-technical secondary school teacher for updating lessons and giving information which keeps pace with occupational…

Silvern, Leonard C.; Brooks, Carl N.

163

Governance and Democratic Procedures in the Information Society Era  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in today's democratic societies has always two sides: the well-intended, which is the expansion of the democratic participation, and the bad-intended, the one that causes concentration. This research analyzes the advantages and disadvantages of the use of e-democracy and claims that the integration of electronic democracy within a country will be based

Athanasios I. Bozinis

2007-01-01

164

Canadian Drug Products Containing ASA  

PubMed Central

A list of nearly 200 Canadian ASA-containing drug products is presented. Information was supplied by the major pharmaceutical companies and data were also obtained from various Canadian reference sources. This information should aid the physician and other health-related personnel in identifying ASA-containing products and counselling the salicylate-endangered patient.

Parker, William A.; Shearer, Cameron A.; Kirkpatrick, Susan L.

1977-01-01

165

41 CFR 301-10.266 - Is information available to the public about travel on Government aircraft by senior Federal...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the public about travel on Government aircraft by senior Federal officials and non-Federal...Government Vehicle Travel on Government Aircraft § 301-10.266 Is information...the public about travel on Government aircraft by senior Federal officials and...

2013-07-01

166

An Evaluation of the Internet Tourism Information of Local Governments' Official Tourism Websites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tourism website has become a pivotal tool for tourism destination marketing. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the internet tourism information of 30 local governments' official tourism websites in China. Analysis was concentrated on eight items such as foreign language, site counter, menu item, sitemap, search engine, e-map, information update and contact point, link site. This study

Zhihui Li

2010-01-01

167

U.S. Government on the Web: Getting the Information You Need. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide explores new sites, digital reference services, and navigation strategies for effectively accessing and using online government information. Updated with the latest information from the new administration and the 107th Congress, this second edition has been refined with features including expanded coverage in many of the chapters, a…

Hernon, Peter; Dugan, Robert E.; Shuler, John A.

168

Commercialization of Government Information: Comparisons Between the European Union and the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares issues in the commercialization of public information through wide area networks in the United States and Europe. Policy and legal questions, the public's right to access information, government copyright issues, the potential for public-private-sector synergy, and the need to standardize formats and pricing are discussed. (Contains 45…

Perritt, Henry H., Jr.

1994-01-01

169

Perspectives on the Federal Government and Health Information: Patterns, Impact, Expectations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nine articles examine patterns of federal health information services including: the current Administration's policy; the history of the National Library of Medicine; Federal Health Information Clearinghouses and other unique projects; the Center for the Utilization of Technology; marketing trends at the Government Printing Office; and…

Lunin, Lois F.; And Others

1987-01-01

170

Information Technology Governance, Funding and Structure: A Case Analysis of a Public University in Malaysia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The paper's purpose is to investigate the issues of IT governance, funding and structure of a public university in Malaysia. Design/methodology/approach: The study uses a case study approach, i.e. a series of interviews with users and information services provider of campus information system. Findings: The university lacks a common…

Ismail, Noor Azizi

2008-01-01

171

Semantic-Based Knowledge Management in E-Government: Modeling Attention for Proactive Information Delivery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

E-government has become almost synonymous with a consumer-led revolution of government services inspired and made possible by the Internet. With technology being the least of the worries for government organizations nowadays, attention is shifting towards managing complexity as one of the basic antecedents of operational and decision-making inefficiency. Complexity has been traditionally preoccupying public administrations and owes its origins to several sources. Among them we encounter primarily the cross-functional nature and the degree of legal structuring of administrative work. Both of them have strong reliance to the underlying process and information infrastructure of public organizations. Managing public administration work thus implies managing its processes and information. Knowledge management (KM) and business process reengineering (BPR) have been deployed already by private organizations with success for the same purposes and certainly comprise improvement practices that are worthwhile investigating. Our contribution through this paper is on the utilization of KM for the e-government.

Samiotis, Konstantinos; Stojanovic, Nenad

172

Privacy and Personal Information Held by Government: A Comparative Study, Japan and New Zealand  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter reports on the concepts of information privacy and trust in government among citizens in Japan and New Zealand in a transnational, crosscultural study. Data from both countries are presented, and cultural and other factors are sought that might explain differences in attitudes shown. In both countries, citizens display a range of views, not related to age or gender. New Zealand citizens express concern about information privacy in relation to information held by government, but show a higher level of trust in government overall, and most attribute breaches of privacy to incompetence, rather than deliberate malfeasance. Japanese citizens interviewed also indicated that they had major concerns about information privacy, and had considerably less trust in government than New Zealand respondents showed. They were more inclined to attribute breaches of privacy to lax behavior in individuals than government systems. In both countries citizens showed an awareness of the tradeoffs necessary between personal privacy and the needs of the state to hold information for the benefit of all citizens, but knew little about the protection offered by privacy legislation, and expressed overall concern about privacy practices in the modern state. The study also provides evidence of cultural differences that can be related to Hofstede's dimensions of culture.

Cullen, Rowena

173

Corporate governance and the value-relevance of accounting information : Evidence from Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to examine the relationship between corporate governance and the value-relevance of accounting information in Australia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper uses board, audit committee and external audit related variables to proxy for corporate governance. Value-relevance is measured by the adjusted R2 derived from a regression of stock price on earnings and equity book values following Ohlosn's

Ahsan Habib; Istiaq Azim

2008-01-01

174

Information Technology Planning and the Y2K Problem in Local Governments  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines local responses to the Year 2000 (Y2K) problem in Iowa to analyze how local governments plan for information technology (IT) operations. Many local governments lacked concrete plans and failed to think strategically about the Y2K problem at the beginning of 1999. A logistic analysis shows that the decision to form a concrete Y2K strategy depended on management

Alfred Tat-Kei Ho; James Fielding Smith

2001-01-01

175

A Case Study of Improving Information Technology Governance in a University Context  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this study is to explore the criteria of effective information technology governance processes employed in universities and their impact on the diffusion of appropriate technology to the base level users. From this analysis, we hope to develop a set of best practice guidelines for IT governance and related processes in respect of universities. This will realize significant benefits by providing a reference model or benchmark based on the key characteristics of IT governance that are most effective in achieving high levels of IT and business goal alignment, effective use of IT resources, and IT risk management.

Hicks, Michael; Pervan, Graham; Perrin, Brian

176

Government of Canada: Science and Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the Government of Canada, this website offers a broad range of information about scientific and technological issues in Canada. The five main topic areas for the site are Energy, Environment, Food, Health, and Space. The subsections include information on forests, water, legumes, animal production, fisheries, nutrition, and more. The site also contains sections on Careers, Canadian Achievements, and an Archive. And, with the click of an icon, the site changes from English to French.

177

Family Literacy and the New Canadian: Formal, Non-Formal and Informal Learning: The Case of Literacy, Essential Skills and Language Learning in Canada  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines literacy and language learning across the lifespan within the context of immigrants in the Canadian context. It explores the process of improving literacy skills and acquiring second or third language skills through the systems of formal, non-formal and informal learning, as defined by the OECD [Organisation for Economic…

Eaton, Sarah Elaine

2011-01-01

178

Canadian History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes 22 articles that address Canadian history and the importance of having students honor Canada's past by providing articles relating to the areas of History and Social Studies covering: historical fiction as instructional material; Canadian scientists; agricultural fairs; the Historical Foundation; social science books on Canada; student…

School Libraries in Canada, 2003

2003-01-01

179

Statement of Carol E. Dinkins, Deputy Attorney General, before the Committee on Government Operations, Subcommittee on Government Information, Justice, and Agriculture, House of Representatives Concerning Freedom of Information Act Amendments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In considering the purposes of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), it is essential to keep in mind that the Act is not, and never could be, a statute with the singleminded purpose of disclosing government information. Many kinds of information that the government has in its possession must be kept confidential to protect important public…

Dinkins, Carol E.

180

75 FR 29 - Privacy Act, Government in the Sunshine Act, Freedom of Information Act (“FOIA”), and Federal...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Act, Government in the Sunshine Act, Freedom of Information Act (``FOIA...94-409, 90 Stat. 1241 (1976), the Freedom of Information Act of 1966, as amended...word ``meeting.'' Corrections to Freedom of Information Act Rules in Part 4...

2010-01-04

181

Protecting Privacy on the Canadian Information Highway: Policy Developments and Regulatory Options.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an overview of statutory and non-statutory data-protection provisions currently governing the processing of personal data in Canada's private sector, including federal and provincial legislation and efforts at self-regulation through voluntary codes of practice. Considers a more comprehensive system of regulation, contemporary policy…

Bennett, Colin J.

1996-01-01

182

IT GOVERNANCE, IT SERVICE MANAGEMENT AND THE ORGANIZING ROLE OF THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY INFRASTRUCTURE LIBRARY (ITIL)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A gap exists between IT management topics important to CIOs and topics present in typical MIS texts. One way to bridge that gap and synchronize IT management knowledge between students, academics and CIOs is through the use of IT governance frameworks to organize introductory undergraduate MIS courses. The use of the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) IT Service Management framework

Barbara Jo White

2008-01-01

183

Rebooting the Government Printing Office: Keeping America Informed in the Digital Age.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

We the People need access to government information in order to exercise our rights and responsibilities as democratic citizens. This has been the case throughout American history, from the founding of our country to the 21st Century, which is often descr...

J. Aberbach J. W. Gadsby M. Goodyear M. O'Neill S. Payton

2013-01-01

184

Open Government Information: Challenges Faced by Public Human Resource Management in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation in China of the Regulations of the People's Republic of China on Open Government Information, on May 1, 2008, is considered a potential turning point, a shift from traditional public administration characterized by an entrenched culture of secrecy toward more transparent and accountable administration practices. This article shows, however, that due to a variety of institutional constraints, the

Wenxuan Yu

2011-01-01

185

The Application of the Viable Systems Model to Information Technology Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information technology governance has become a key issue for organizations as IT decision-making authority and responsibility is devolved away from a central IT function to local IT units and increasingly out of the remit of IT specialists altogether. Research to date has either been conceptual treatises on the issue, or recounts the structures and mechanisms that are currently in place

Joe Peppard

2005-01-01

186

Citizen interactions with Chinese government networks: Information technology, institutions, and agency  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prospect of China's Internet development and democratization cannot be separated from the role played by the Chinese government in provincial life and citizens' everyday experiences. Nor can the design, use, implementation, and configuration of information and communication technologies (ICTs) be separated from its complex sociopolitical environment. Contrary to popular discourse that casts the Internet as the ultimate change agent

Min Jiang

2007-01-01

187

GPO Gate: University of California, San Diego's New Gateway to Electronic Government Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development of a new interface called GPO Gate for accessing the Government Printing Office (GPO) WAIS (wide area information server) databases, GPO Access. Highlights include development and use of GPO Gate at the University of California, San Diego, and implications for public service. (Author/LRW)

Cruse, Patricia; Jahns, Cynthia

1996-01-01

188

The Dissemination of Federal Government Information: Prospects for the Immediate Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Government Printing Office (GPO) is undertaking a study to "identify measures necessary for a successful transition to a more electronic Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP)." The ability of the GPO to secure agency dissemination of electronic information through the FDLP and the willingness of depository libraries to remain in the…

Cornwell, Gary T.

1996-01-01

189

GPO's Vision for Access to Government Information in the Electronic Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of the planned transformation of the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO) from a printer to a multimedia disseminator of information products and services considers the need for a governmentwide publishing policy; the underlying principles that define the GPO's role; and strategies for providing access to online data. (six references)…

Kelley, Wayne P., Jr.

1992-01-01

190

Corporate Governance Codes and the Supply of Corporate Information in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

There have been a number of changes in United Kingdom corporate governance regulation since the financial scandals of the late 1980s and early 1990s. These developments, commencing with the publication of the Cadbury Report in 1992, address “the frequency, clarity and form in which information should be provided” ( Cadbury Report, 1992, p. 60). This paper examines the increased flow

Lynsey Sheridan; Edward Jones; Claire Marston

2006-01-01

191

Enacting and implementing open government information regulations in China: motivations and barriers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The State Council, China's cabinet, enacted its Open Government Information Regulations in April 2007. This paper examines the political, economic and administrative motivations for the enactment of the regulation, and then explores the potential legal, institutional, administrative, social and economic barriers for the implementation of the regulation.

Lei Zheng

2007-01-01

192

Development of a Spatial Information Consulting Method for Merged Local Governments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Japan, the merger of local governments is progressing. Since a digital divide may exist between local governments before merging, however, the merger may increase the gap through presenting the contrast and may provide trouble for equitably providing citizen services that the merger should aim for. To solve this problem, we developed a spatial information consulting method for merged local governments. The method can be classified into four phases according to its execution steps. The four phases are "gap analysis" that compares the current state of merging local governments (As-Is) against the ideal state (To-Be),"Scenario analysis" that shows how to realize To-Be against current issues that have been defined through gap analysis, "Cost-benefit analysis" that calculate costs and benefits to verify the feasibility of the analysis-based scenario, and "Roadmap formulation" that reflect the results obtained by the analysis over a yearly schedule table. In result, we have achieved the appropriate planning to integrate data and system for merged local governments, and be introduced in a packaged framework to other local governments that have similar issues.

Oku, N.; Mizobuchi, M.; Hatta, A.

2012-07-01

193

Incentives and Accountability: The Canadian Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1997, the Canadian federal government has introduced a variety of new incentives to enhance significantly the funding of university research in this country. While these funding initiatives have been welcomed by Canadian universities, they are accompanied by a heightened emphasis on accountability which dictates new eligibility conditions…

Gauthier, Michelle

2004-01-01

194

Canadian Migration Monitoring Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site presents the Canadian Migration Monitoring Network, a standardized effort involving multiple stations in southern Canada and the northern United States to gather baseline data on northern breeding birds. Site visitors can link to information about species population trends, latest sightings, and to sites for any of the 22 stations.

2008-01-02

195

An Examination of Canadian Information Professionals' Involvement in the Provision of Business Information Synthesis and Analysis Services  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the processes information professionals, working in a business environment, follow to meet business clients' information needs and particularly their involvement in information synthesis and analysis practices. A combination of qualitative and quantitative data was collected via a survey of 98 information

Patterson, Liane; Martzoukou, Konstantina

2012-01-01

196

Adrift in Our National Consciousness: Meditations on Canadian Ecological Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Misao Dean (2006) discusses the canoe as a celebrated icon of Canadian culture in her critique of the Centennial celebrations of 1967; as part of the Centennial, the Canadian government organized the longest canoe race ever held. This author believes that the canoe has become a universal symbol of Canada and that all Canadians have the right to…

Lowan, Greg

2011-01-01

197

40 CFR 2.303 - Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Noise Control Act of 1972.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...governing certain information obtained under the Noise Control Act of 1972. 2.303 Section...governing certain information obtained under the Noise Control Act of 1972. (a) Definitions...this section: (1) Act means the Noise Control Act of 1972, 42 U.S.C....

2013-07-01

198

A Window on the Politics of the Government Printing Office Electronic Information Access Enhancement Act of 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the political process that occurred among professional trade associations, government agencies, and public interest groups concerning the Government Printing Office Electronic Information Access Enhancement Act of 1993 (WINDOW bill). Highlights include the politics of information; the Paperwork Reduction Act; and the role of the ALA…

Love, James P.

1994-01-01

199

Implementing shared governance in a patient care support industry: information technology leading the way.  

PubMed

Implementing technology in the clinical setting is not a project but rather a journey in transforming care delivery. As nursing leaders in healthcare and patient care support organizations embrace technology to drive reforms in quality and efficiency, growing opportunities exist to share experiences between these industries. This department submission describes the journey to nursing shared governance from the perspective of an information technology-based company realizing the goal of supporting patient care. PMID:24853793

Hartley, Lou Ann

2014-06-01

200

“You probably shouldn’t give them too much information” – Supporting Citizen-Government Collaboration  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This paper discusses the challenge of supporting digitally mediated citizengovernment collaboration in public service provision.\\u000a With a vantage point in activity theory and the empirical data from three exploratory design cases, we derive a theoretical\\u000a framework for understanding the way in which citizens share information with government. Through the proposed framework and\\u000a the notion of Participatory Citizenship, we propose a

Nikolaj Gandrup Borchorst; Susanne Bødker

201

Community information centers: e-governance at subdistrict level: a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The eight North Eastern states of India have traditionally been less developed due to geographic remoteness and difficult hilly terrain. The Government of India in 2002 set up 487 Community Information Centers (CICs) at the block level. The CICs, besides offering basic services like Internet browsing, E-mail and Training in computer fundamentals, also provide citizen centric or G2C services. E-Suvidha

Nandita Chaudhri; Shefali S. Dash

2007-01-01

202

Investigating the Congruence of Crowdsourced Information With Official Government Data: The Case of Pediatric Clinics  

PubMed Central

Background Health 2.0 is a benefit to society by helping patients acquire knowledge about health care by harnessing collective intelligence. However, any misleading information can directly affect patients’ choices of hospitals and drugs, and potentially exacerbate their health condition. Objective This study investigates the congruence between crowdsourced information and official government data in the health care domain and identifies the determinants of low congruence where it exists. In-line with infodemiology, we suggest measures to help the patients in the regions vulnerable to inaccurate health information. Methods We text-mined multiple online health communities in South Korea to construct the data for crowdsourced information on public health services (173,748 messages). Kendall tau and Spearman rank order correlation coefficients were used to compute the differences in 2 ranking systems of health care quality: actual government evaluations of 779 hospitals and mining results of geospecific online health communities. Then we estimated the effect of sociodemographic characteristics on the level of congruence by using an ordinary least squares regression. Results The regression results indicated that the standard deviation of married women’s education (P=.046), population density (P=.01), number of doctors per pediatric clinic (P=.048), and birthrate (P=.002) have a significant effect on the congruence of crowdsourced data (adjusted R 2=.33). Specifically, (1) the higher the birthrate in a given region, (2) the larger the variance in educational attainment, (3) the higher the population density, and (4) the greater the number of doctors per clinic, the more likely that crowdsourced information from online communities is congruent with official government data. Conclusions To investigate the cause of the spread of misleading health information in the online world, we adopted a unique approach by associating mining results on hospitals from geospecific online health communities with the sociodemographic characteristics of corresponding regions. We found that the congruence of crowdsourced information on health care services varied across regions and that these variations could be explained by geospecific demographic factors. This finding can be helpful to governments in reducing the potential risk of misleading online information and the accompanying safety issues.

Jung, Yuchul; Jung, Dain; Hur, Cinyoung

2014-01-01

203

A model for rural and remote information and communication technologies: a Canadian exploration  

Microsoft Academic Search

While Canada boasts one of the most advanced information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructures, its rural and remote areas are lagging behind. Rural and remote ICTs development is presented as an uncharted domain. A model for rural and remote ICTs is proposed describing the interrelationships among policy, organizational, community, and technological dimensions. The model served as a guide to prepare

Ricardo Ram??rez

2001-01-01

204

Government, Marketplace, and Association.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes events at the 1988 Canadian Library Association (CLA) annual conference, which addressed such issues as access to information, CLA finances, and the information marketplace. A list of CLA officers and awards is included. (MES)

Berry, John

1988-01-01

205

A qualitative study of health information technology in the Canadian public health system  

PubMed Central

Background Although the adoption of health information technology (HIT) has advanced in Canada over the past decade, considerable challenges remain in supporting the development, broad adoption, and effective use of HIT in the public health system. Policy makers and practitioners have long recognized that improvements in HIT infrastructure are necessary to support effective and efficient public health practice. The objective of this study was to identify aspects of health information technology (HIT) policy related to public health in Canada that have succeeded, to identify remaining challenges, and to suggest future directions to improve the adoption and use of HIT in the public health system. Methods A qualitative case study was performed with 24 key stakeholders representing national and provincial organizations responsible for establishing policy and strategic direction for health information technology. Results Identified benefits of HIT in public health included improved communication among jurisdictions, increased awareness of the need for interoperable systems, and improvement in data standardization. Identified barriers included a lack of national vision and leadership, insufficient investment, and poor conceptualization of the priority areas for implementing HIT in public health. Conclusions The application of HIT in public health should focus on automating core processes and identifying innovative applications of HIT to advance public health outcomes. The Public Health Agency of Canada should develop the expertise to lead public health HIT policy and should establish a mechanism for coordinating public health stakeholder input on HIT policy.

2013-01-01

206

Research Needs in Canadian Librarianship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the results of a survey of Canadian academic libraries that was conducted to determine areas of needed research in light of changes in technology and user needs. Suggestions for research included collection development, automation and user access, government role, copyright, serials price increases, and library administrators' attitudes…

Venkateswarlu, Tadiboyina

1991-01-01

207

Tearing the Fabric of Canada: The Broadcast Media and Canadian Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the perceived threat of American cultural "imperialism" in Canada, the effect of constant exposure to American broadcasting on the Canadian national identity, the role broadcasting plays in shaping Canadian identity, and the efforts by the Canadian government to "Canadianize" its broadcasting. A brief history of the broadcast…

Weiss, Elaine F.

208

Proceedings of the FLICC Forum on Federal Information Policies. 1991 Forum (9th). The Future of Government Information: Money, Management, and Technology. Held on March 17, 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Current policy issues relating to government information; Case studies--problems, priorities and challenges; Changing information infostructure; Approaches and opportunities; Congressional policy initiatives regarding availability of federal gov...

C. Mulford D. Dolan A. K. Bohlin R. Cermak J. Noble

1992-01-01

209

"Governance" or "Governing"?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on four perspectives on power and its exercise in organizations to analyze the practice of governing colleges and universities. The exploration uses political theories (particularly those assessing the legitimacy and effectiveness of stable political entities), leadership studies, analyses of how formal and informal organizations…

Leslie, David

210

IT Investment Allocation and Organizational Performance: A Study of Information Technology Investment Portfolios in Federal Government Agencies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined Federal Government Information Technology (IT) portfolio investments for twenty-seven Federal Government agencies, as provided annually to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in their Agency IT Investment Portfolio Reports (Exhibit 53), and divided Federal agency IT investments into four categories: Innovation,…

Whitehead, Ennis Jim C., III

2011-01-01

211

Information Technology (IT) Strategic Alignment: A Correlational Study between the Impact of IT Governance Structures and IT Strategic Alignment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation explored the extent to which Information Technology (IT) strategic alignment are impacted by IT governance structures. The study discusses several strategic alignment and IT governance literature that presents a gap in the literature domain. Subsequent studies researched issues surrounding why organizations are not able to align…

Asante, Keith K.

2010-01-01

212

Next Challenges for Builders and Managers of Government Internet Services: A Report to the Information Infrastructure Task Force.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report represents the views and perceptions of participants at a December 1994 Strategic Information Resources Management (SIRM) seminar, held in the District of Columbia, entitled "Building and Managing Government Internet Services." The group was comprised of 67 government officials and contractors who either had or were about to develop…

Ryan, Joe; McClure, Charles R.

213

Improving the Dissemination of United States Government Information: The Report of the Public Printer's Sales Publications Pricing Panel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eleven issues were considered in study of Government Printing Office's Sales of Publications Program in areas such as pricing, marketing, program administration, and appeals of disputed prices. Sales Program study of documents pricing and government information dissemination proposes testing of alternative approaches to current pricing, increasing…

Foss, Stuart M.

1991-01-01

214

Corporate Sector Practice Informs Online Workforce Training for Australian Government Agencies: Towards Effective Educational-Learning Systems Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to outline government online training practice. We searched individual research domains of the human-dimensions of Human Computer Interaction (HCI), information and communications technologies (ICT) and instructional design for evidence of either corporate sector or government training practices. We overlapped these…

McKay, Elspeth; Vilela, Cenie

2011-01-01

215

FERC`s Canadian decision  

SciTech Connect

In the past few months, several Canadian utilities have applied to the U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) for power marketing licenses in order to sell excess capacity across the Canadian/U.S. border. Of these applications, only one has been granted. Another was expected to be decided in May, and two were rejected for not meeting FERC requirements. The FERC decision clearly defines the role Canadian utilities can play in a cross-border market with U.S. companies. The decision may also push regulators in Canada to examine more closely the monopoly structure of utilities under the current system and may lead them to consider changes toward deregulation and competition. Recently, the FERC denied transmission access in the United States to power marketing subsidiaries of Canadian utilities Ontario Hydro and British Columbia (BC) Hydro. While a setback for the utilities, these rulings come after criticism by both Canadian and U.S. independent power producers (IPP) who oppose the current monopoly structure of Ontario Hydro and BC Hydro. Most Canadian electric utilities, including Ontario Hydro, Hydro Quebec (HQ) and BC Hydro, are provincial government-owned monopolies. The control these companies have over the power sector in Canada has hindered activity by IPPs in both countries. In an effort to protect their market shares, some Canadian utilities have apparently worked against competition and restricted or excluded imports of power from the United States. At the same time these companies are seeking to penetrate the U.S. power market with low-cost, subsidized power, which could displace other sources. FERC`s decisions have effectively halted the southward expansion plans of Canadian electric utilities. In addition, FERC`s decisions have set the stage for the breakup and partial privatization of these companies in the wave of deregulation and competition which Canada is facing.

McArthur, D.; Salaff, S.

1997-06-01

216

Provincial drug plan officials' views of the Canadian drug safety system.  

PubMed

The Canadian constitution divides the responsibility for pharmaceuticals between the federal and provincial governments. While the provincial governments are responsible for establishing public formularies, the majority of the safety and efficacy information that the provinces use comes from the federal government. We interviewed drug plan officials from eight of the ten provinces and two of three territories regarding their views on the Canadian drug safety system. Here we report on the following categories: the federal drug approval system; the strengths and weaknesses of the federal system of postmarket pharmaceutical safety (i.e., pharmacosurveillance); resources available to support provincial formulary decision making; provincial roles in pharmacosurveillance; how the drug safety system could be improved; and the role of the Drug Safety and Effectiveness Network, a recently established virtual network designed to connect researchers throughout Canada who conduct postmarket drug research. Next, we place the Canadian system within an international context by comparing informational asymmetry between government institutions in the United States and the European Union and by looking at how institutions support each other's roles in sharing information and in jointly developing policy through the International Conference on Harmonization. Finally, we draw on international experiences and suggest potential solutions to the concerns that our key informants have identified. PMID:23418364

Lexchin, Joel; Wiktorowicz, Mary; Moscou, Kathy; Eggertson, Laura

2013-06-01

217

Canadian Landscapes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site provides access to a collection of photos of Canadian landscapes and landforms. Users can search for photos of specific areas by province or territory, keywords, or via an interactive map. Brief geological explanations accompany the photos, and provide insight on how the features developed. The photos were taken by scientists of the Geological Survey of Canada during the last 30 years. Users are also able to send the photos as customized postcards.

218

Application of AHP to support information security decision making in case of Indian e-government systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the application of AHP in evaluating information security policy decision making with respect to Indian e-government systems. We suggest a new model based on four aspects of information security (management, technology, economy and culture) and three information security components (confidentiality, integrity and availability). AHP methodology was applied to analyze the decision making process. It is found that

Mayur Gaigole; Nilay Khere

2011-01-01

219

Nothing but Net: American Workers and the Information Economy. Work Trends: Americans' Attitudes about Work, Employers and Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored the implications of the information economy of the late 1990s for American workers, focusing on workers' experience with computers in the workplace, workers' perceptions about their future in the information economy, and the role of government in the information age. Research data were gathered through a survey of 1,005 adults…

Rutgers, The State Univ., New Brunswick, NJ. John J. Heldrich Center for Workforce Development.

220

Unemployment of Youth. The Importance of Education for Their Adjustment in the Canadian Labor Market. Informal Series/41.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study analyzed labor market characteristics of Canadian youth aged 14 to 24 as they relate to youth's high incidence of unemployment. Two sets of hypotheses were tested--one relating to participation rate and education and the other relating unemployment and education. A survey was conducted of the literature and Organization for Economic…

Sen, Joya

221

Canadian National Geomagnetism Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canadian National Geomagnetism Program provides excellent resources for keeping track of the Earth's ever-changing magnetic field throughout Canada. The information here covers "time-scales ranging from seconds to decades." Data include short- and long-term magnetic activity forecasts, and plots of one-minute variations of the geomagnetic field. Also, an in-depth geomagnetic hazards section discusses effects of magnetic storms on power systems, pipelines, and communication cables.

222

Information Management and Governance in UK Higher Education Institutions: Bringing IT in from the Cold  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 21st Century, IT Governance is, within the broader corporate governance context, critical for all organisations. Those without an IT governance strategy face significant risks; those with one perform measurably better (Calder 2005). There has been little field based research on IT governance, and few publications help managers understand…

Coen, Michael; Kelly, Ursula

2007-01-01

223

Informing Teacher Education Through Cross-Cultural Teaching and Learning: Dialogic Inquiry into Japanese and Canadian School Experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the hermeneutic, narrative, and social co-construction of cultural understanding as two educators shared their teaching and learning experiences in Japanese and Canadian schools. Our dialogic inquiry reveals how perceptions of practices in one culture—including curricula in non-core, academic subjects, stances on student assessment, and attitudes toward extracurricular activities—were shaped by our prior school experiences. The study reveals

Mitsuyo Sakamoto; Elaine Chan

2006-01-01

224

Using organizational culture approach and COBIT framework in designing of information technology governance on non ministrial government institute (LPNK), case study: Center for scientific documentation and information - Indonesian institute of sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study developed IT governance model that can be used to assess the delivery and support of information service in PDII-LIPI. The assessment is conducted through the control and performance indicators based on the COBIT 4.1 framework domain Delivery and Support (DS), adjusted for the condition of IT governance in PDII-LIPI. To examine aspects of policy implementation strategy also conducted

Budi Nugroho; Kridanto Surendro

2011-01-01

225

The use of governance tools in promotion of health care information technology adoption by physicians.  

PubMed

Electronic health records are important technology for health care with promises of streamlining and improving care. However, physicians have been slow to adopt the technology usually because of financial constraints. Third-party payers, including Medicare and Medicaid, are coming forward with solutions and funding. While payers have the most to gain in terms of cost savings, they have been slow to provide a solution to the financial dilemmas posed by the new technology. This article details some governance tools that are frequently used to alleviate the financial concerns. Grants, loans, and tax expenditures are some of the options available to physicians to purchase electronic health records and other types of health care information technology. PMID:21808178

Noblin, Alice M; Cortelyou-Ward, Kendall; Liu, Darren

2011-01-01

226

What does it mean to empower informationally the local government!—designing an information system for a district level development administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

An information system that empowers information agents having a stake in the development of a district government is discussed in this research. It analyses the case of a district administration in India who has implemented a browser based system. This system has information asymmetry and organisational capture as its goals; and it employs a few structural elements such as an

Parthasarathi Banerjee

2001-01-01

227

75 FR 48689 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Open Government...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Comment Request; Open Government Citizen Engagement Ratings, Rankings, and Flagging; Submission...sneaky. The employees in those agencies work for enrichment of their own wallets...to? Title: Open Government Citizen Engagement Ratings, Rankings, and Flagging....

2010-08-11

228

77 FR 64952 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; State Government Research and Development (R&D...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Government Research and Development (R&D) Survey AGENCY...Government Research and Development Survey (SGRD) to measure research and development supported and performed...source of funding, by performer of the work...

2012-10-24

229

Australian Governments' Entry Point  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An example of a site that is powerful in its organization of government information pointers is the National Library of Australia's recently reorganized Australian Governments' Entry Point. The Australian Governments' Entry Point has connections to commonwealth, state, and local government information, as well as judicial information. Although the information pointed to by this site is by no means new, it acts as a gateway to information at all geographical levels of government in Australia.

Australia., National L.

230

Government Benefits  

MedlinePLUS

... further information, visit www.cms.hhs.gov , the Web site of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). SSI (Supplemental Security Income) The government's SSI (Supplemental Security Income) program ...

231

Building Citizen Trust through e-Government  

Microsoft Academic Search

. Abstract The trust of citizens in their governments has gradually eroded. One response by several North American governments has been to introduce e- government, or web-mediated citizen-to-government interaction. This paper tests the extent to which online initiatives have succeeded in increasing trust and external political efficacy in voters. An internet- based survey of 182 Canadian voters shows that using

Michael Parent; Christine A. Vandebeek; Andrew C. Gemino

2004-01-01

232

Do More Transparent Governments Govern Better?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Islam explores the link between information flows and governance or institutional quality. Economic theory expounds on the importance of information on economic outcomes either through its direct effect on prices and quantities or through its effect on other factors such as institutions and the quality of governance. She shows that countries with better information flows also govern better. Two kinds

Roumeen Islam

2003-01-01

233

The Value of Principles-Based Governance Practices and the Attenuation of Information Asymmetry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the value of principles-based governance practices. Using the sample of Thai listed firms, we investigate\\u000a whether firms that comply with the principles of good corporate governance incur lower financing cost and have stronger financial\\u000a standing. The overall results suggest that the firms on average have significant improvements in major areas of corporate\\u000a governance practices such as

Chaiyasit Anuchitworawong

2010-01-01

234

Aspects sociolinguistiques du bilinguisme canadien (Aspects of Canadian Bilingualism).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Canadian government opted for a politics of bilingualism according to the "personal solution" whereby the Canadian citizen, whether English or French, can demand the protection of his language regardless of the section of the country in which he lives. In a "territorial solution," an individual can claim official status for his language only…

Saint Jacques, Bernard

235

The Half-circled "C": Canadian Copyright Legislation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the legislative history of Canadian copyright law, especially with respect to government documents. Briefly describes the British origins of Canadian copyright, the British North America Act (1867), and the Copyright Act of 1921, all of which serve as background to the current law. (111 references) (LAE)

Hansen, Linda

1992-01-01

236

Joint Expeditionary Warfare and the Dilemmas for Canadian Maritime Strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Canadian government has gradually embraced the strategic vision of an expeditionary-oriented military. The command structure of the Canadian Forces (CF) has been redesigned to include four operational commands - a streamlined and potentially more effective command and control arrangement. 'Intervention-enabling' capabilities were prominently featured in the over $20 billion package of platform acquisitions announced in 2006. The air force

David S. McDonough

237

The Canadian Context: Monolingual Education in an "Officially" Multilingual Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article will examine the sociopolitical language contexts that exist in institutions of Canadian post-secondary education, through investigating how government policies affect the consumption and teaching of language in writing classrooms. A survey of Canadian multiculturalist policy, multilingualism, and post-secondary education in terms of…

Kiernan, Julia E.

2011-01-01

238

Understanding Canadian Immigration. "Understanding Economics" Series No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This two-part document written for secondary school Canadian students analyzes Canadian government immigration policies. The first and major part of the booklet discusses forces such as ethnic origins, the economics of immigration, humanitarian immigration, public attitudes toward immigration, and the impact of immigration on economic growth. The…

Passaris, Constantine

239

Stimulation of National Television Program Production: A Canadian Success Story?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses Canada's response to international television programming competition, both directly from signals from the United States that are available over the air or by cable, and from foreign programming exhibited by Canadian broadcasters. Major topics discussed are: (1) failure of government regulation to induce significant Canadian

Hoskins, C.; McFadyen, S.

240

Conceptual Model of Clinical Governance Information System for Statistical Indicators by Using UML in Two Sample Hospitals  

PubMed Central

Objective: The purpose of this study was investigating situation and presenting a conceptual model for clinical governance information system by using UML in two sample hospitals. Background: However, use of information is one of the fundamental components of clinical governance; but unfortunately, it does not pay much attention to information management. Material and Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted in October 2012- May 2013. Data were gathered through questionnaires and interviews in two sample hospitals. Face and content validity of the questionnaire has been confirmed by experts. Data were collected from a pilot hospital and reforms were carried out and Final questionnaire was prepared. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and SPSS 16 software. Results: With the scenario derived from questionnaires, UML diagrams are presented by using Rational Rose 7 software. The results showed that 32.14 percent Indicators of the hospitals were calculated. Database was not designed and 100 percent of the hospital’s clinical governance was required to create a database. Conclusion: Clinical governance unit of hospitals to perform its mission, do not have access to all the needed indicators. Defining of Processes and drawing of models and creating of database are essential for designing of information systems.

Jeddi, Fatemeh Rangraz; Farzandipoor, Mehrdad; Arabfard, Masoud; Hosseini, Azam Haj Mohammad

2014-01-01

241

48 CFR 3452.227-73 - Limitations on the use or disclosure of Government-furnished information marked with restrictive...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...technical data, proprietary information, or software: Limitations on The Use Or Disclosure...Proprietary data, technical data, or computer software provided to the contractor as Government-furnished...release, or disclose such data or software to any person. (2) GFI marked...

2013-10-01

242

THE GOVERNANCE AND STRUCTURE OF THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ORGANIZATION IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY  

Microsoft Academic Search

As organizations have become more complex over the past twenty years, so have the structures and governance mechanisms that control them. Similarly, with the growth of various computer technologies, IT has become increasingly complex in terms of hardware, software, and architecture. Thus, the governance and structure of IT reflects both organizational and technological changes. During the 20th century, four major

David S. Taylor

243

Traveling Uncharted Waters: The Exchange of Government Information between the United States and China.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a program established between the United States and China for exchange of government publications through their national libraries, the Library of Congress and the National Library of China. Challenges to the program, including the shift to electronic formats in the United States and government Internet censorship in China, are…

Wang, Rui

1998-01-01

244

Profiling the Adopters of E-Government Information and Services: The Influence of Psychological Characteristics, Civic Mindedness, and Information Channels  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory study examines the effects of nondemographic characteristics on the adoption of e-government services in the United States combining two main theoretical perspectives: dif- fusion of innovations and the technology acceptance model. The results of a national survey sug- gest that nondemographic audience characteristics influence e-government adoption. The study adds to previous research in the area by identifying several

Daniela V. Dimitrova; Yu-Che Chen

2006-01-01

245

Assessing eGovernment Systems Success: A Validation of the DeLone and McLean Model of Information Systems Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the proliferation of the Internet and World Wide Web applications, people are increasingly interacting with government to citizen (G2C) eGovernment systems. It is therefore important to measure the success of G2C eGovernment systems from the citizen's perspective. While general information systems (IS) success models have received much…

Wang, Yi-Shun; Liao, Yi-Wen

2008-01-01

246

Patient Informed Governance of Distributed Research Networks: Results and Discussion from Six Patient Focus Groups  

PubMed Central

Understanding how to govern emerging distributed research networks is essential to their success. Distributed research networks aggregate patient medical data from many institutions leaving data within the local provider security system. While much is known about patients’ views on secondary medical research, little is known about their views on governance of research networks. We conducted six focus groups with patients from three medical centers across the U.S. to understand their perspectives on privacy, consent, and ethical concerns of sharing their data as part of research networks. Participants positively endorsed sharing their health data with these networks believing that doing so could advance healthcare knowledge. However, patients expressed several concerns regarding security and broader ethical issues such as commercialism, public benefit, and social responsibility. We suggest that network governance guidelines move beyond strict technical requirements and address wider socio-ethical concerns by fully including patients in governance processes.

Mamo, Laura A.; Browe, Dennis K.; Logan, Holly C.; Kim, Katherine K.

2013-01-01

247

75 FR 75188 - Listening Session Regarding Improving the Accessibility of Government Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...that is accessible. The July memo directs agencies to take stronger steps toward improving the acquisition and implementation of...Federal government's progress in implementing Section 508 is stronger and achieves results more quickly. Section 508 requires...

2010-12-02

248

Canadian Social Research Links  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained with almost obsessive thoroughness by an employee at Human Resources Development Canada, this Website is an excellent gateway to Canadian social science resources on the Web. The site offers collections of annotated links from government outlets, academic sources, policy institutions, and NGOs. Visitors can browse sites under regional and thematic categories as well use "quicklinks" to government sources for social science data, including social policy, economic, and employment data. The annotations are very helpful, usually including the date of a document or a Website's last update and a summary or quotation from the resource. Some resources are presented in a pro-and-con format so that researchers can immediately compare reports and arguments from credible sources on political and social issues. Theme lists include hundreds of links in disability, education, human rights, homelessness and hunger, election 2000, social research organizations, unions, UN links, women's social issues, and dozens more. Also, the author provides a free weekly email newsletter that includes the latest updates to the Website. There is much more here, but I think interested parties get the idea: anyone doing social research in or about Canada will definitely want to bookmark this one. The site is the sole property and responsibility of Gilles Seguin who maintains the site on his own time. And yes, the site is also available in French.

1997-01-01

249

Informing the nation Jacksonian style The ideological impetus for, and impediments to, the U.S. government's informing function during the antebellum period  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the development of the U.S. government's informing function during the antebellum period. Particular attention is paid to the ideology of Jacksonian democracy, as expressed through such prominent organs as the Democratic Review and through such representative thinkers as Jeremy Bentham, George Bancroft, and William Leggett. Examined are the ways in which the ideology of democracy not only

John Spencer Walters

2000-01-01

250

How do Chinese Canadian Entrepreneurs Start Businesses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the empirical survey, the paper identified the profile, motivations and entrepreneurial characteristics of the Chinese Canadian entrepreneurs and their businesses; analyze the process of the venture creation; explore the barriers and the business environments confronted by them as well as their future business plans and success factors; and to propose some suggestions for the government.

Li Baoming

2006-01-01

251

E-Government and Government's Public Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-Government is a new form of government organization and administrative mechanism of public affairs, where the government's public sectors realize digitalized and information-based government affairs by means of network communication and other electronic technology, administrate public affairs, and provide public services through network. It is citizen-oriented and regards the improvement of government's public services as the core value. The process

Zhang He

2011-01-01

252

Information Sharing Strategies of the United States Federal Government and Its Allies and Our Contributions Towards Implementing these Strategies. Version 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides a survey of the major initiatives within the US Federal Government in Information Sharing. In particular, we discuss information sharing strategies and initiatives within the Department of Defense, Department of Justice Department of ...

B. Thuraisingham

2010-01-01

253

40 CFR 2.310 - Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Comprehensive Environmental...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...information obtained under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability...amended. 2.310 Section 2.310 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL PUBLIC INFORMATION...

2013-07-01

254

Sector differences in the role of institutional research in informing decision making and governance in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intent of the authors in preparing this paper is to compare and contrast the roles of Institutional Research in informing\\u000a decision making and governance in higher education. Using a case study format the authors will provide an example of a research\\u000a project conducted within each of the following sectors of United States higher education system: private 4-year not for

Mary Ann Coughlin; Joseph Hoey; Marsha Hirano-Nakanishi

2009-01-01

255

Integrated environmental impact assessment: a Canadian example.  

PubMed

The Canadian federal process for environmental impact assessment (EIA) integrates health, social, and environmental aspects into either a screening, comprehensive study, or a review by a public panel, depending on the expected severity of potential adverse environmental effects. In this example, a Public Review Panel considered a proposed diamond mining project in Canada's northern territories, where 50% of the population are Aboriginals. The Panel specifically instructed the project proposer to determine how to incorporate traditional knowledge into the gathering of baseline information, preparing impact prediction, and planning mitigation and monitoring. Traditional knowledge is defined as the knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and/or local communities developed from experience gained over the centuries and adapted to local culture and environment. The mining company was asked to consider in its EIA: health, demographics, social and cultural patterns; services and infrastructure; local, regional and territorial economy; land and resource use; employment, education and training; government; and other matters. Cooperative efforts between government, industry and the community led to a project that coordinated the concerns of all interested stakeholders and the needs of present and future generations, thereby meeting the goals of sustainable development. The mitigation measures that were implemented take into account: income and social status, social support networks, education, employment and working conditions, physical environments, personal health practices and coping skills, and health services. PMID:12894328

Kwiatkowski, Roy E; Ooi, Maria

2003-01-01

256

Integrated environmental impact assessment: a Canadian example.  

PubMed Central

The Canadian federal process for environmental impact assessment (EIA) integrates health, social, and environmental aspects into either a screening, comprehensive study, or a review by a public panel, depending on the expected severity of potential adverse environmental effects. In this example, a Public Review Panel considered a proposed diamond mining project in Canada's northern territories, where 50% of the population are Aboriginals. The Panel specifically instructed the project proposer to determine how to incorporate traditional knowledge into the gathering of baseline information, preparing impact prediction, and planning mitigation and monitoring. Traditional knowledge is defined as the knowledge, innovations and practices of indigenous and/or local communities developed from experience gained over the centuries and adapted to local culture and environment. The mining company was asked to consider in its EIA: health, demographics, social and cultural patterns; services and infrastructure; local, regional and territorial economy; land and resource use; employment, education and training; government; and other matters. Cooperative efforts between government, industry and the community led to a project that coordinated the concerns of all interested stakeholders and the needs of present and future generations, thereby meeting the goals of sustainable development. The mitigation measures that were implemented take into account: income and social status, social support networks, education, employment and working conditions, physical environments, personal health practices and coping skills, and health services.

Kwiatkowski, Roy E.; Ooi, Maria

2003-01-01

257

Information on Child Abuse: A Selected Bibliography of Federal Government Publications. Research Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overall topic of this annotated bibliography, directed to users of the Auburn University libraries, is child abuse. It contains 63 federal government publications in 4 major areas: (1) definitions and prevalence of child abuse, including child pornography and pedophilia, family violence, abductions, and emotional abuse; (2) recent legislation,…

Dodge, Timothy

258

75 FR 56664 - Proposed Information Collection (Claim for One Sum Payment (Government Life Insurance)); Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Titles: a. Claim for One Sum Payment (Government Life Insurance), VA Form 29-4125. b. Claim...veterans must complete VA Form 29-4125 to apply...installment in lieu of one lump payment he or she must complete VA Forms 29-4125a and...

2010-09-16

259

78 FR 18424 - Proposed Information Collection (Claim for One Sum Payment (Government Life Insurance)); Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Titles: a. Claim for One Sum Payment (Government Life Insurance), VA Form 29-4125. b. Claim...veterans must complete VA Form 29-4125 to apply...installment in lieu of one lump payment he or she must complete VA Forms 29-4125a and...

2013-03-26

260

Social Science Reference and U.S. Government Information on CD-ROM: Depository Titles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of CD-ROM titles available through the Depository Library Program of the U.S. Government Printing Office that are useful for research in the social sciences reviews 12 titles issued by the Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Labor, and Department of Health and Human Services.…

Skeers, Timothy M.; McCowan, Sherry

1993-01-01

261

Becoming Informed Citizens: Lessons on the Bill of Rights and Limited Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presenting U.S. history teachers with a set of 26 lessons, this book is designed to help educators teach about the Bill of Rights and to assist students in understanding important events and concepts related to the Bill of Rights. The book begins with the fundamental concepts of government, law, and historical roots of the Bill of Rights and…

Wagner, Kenneth A.; And Others

262

Government Information Quarterly. Volume 7, no. 2: National Aeronautics and Space Administration Scientific and Technical Information Programs. Special issue  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA scientific and technical information (STI) programs are discussed. Topics include management of information in a research and development agency, the new space and Earth science information systems at NASA's archive, scientific and technical information management, and technology transfer of NASA aerospace technology to other industries.

Hernon, Peter (editor); Mcclure, Charles R. (editor); Pinelli, Thomas E. (editor)

1990-01-01

263

Canadian International Development Agency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As concerns grow about assisting countries in the developing world in a way that is both meaningful and sustainable, it should not surprise Scout Report readers that the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) is Canada's federal agency that is charged with coordinating Canada's efforts to reduce poverty and "to contribute to a more secure, equitable and prosperous world." First-time visitors would do well to take a look at the FAQ section and read the description under the heading under "What is international development?" for some brief background material. After that, the "Features" area on the homepage provides a host of topical information on the subject, along with a rather nice interactive map titled "Developing World". Visitors can also learn about the CIDA's primary objectives in their Sustainable Development Strategy 2004-2006 document.

264

EF Cultural Travel v. Explorica: The Protection of Confidential Commercial Information in the American and Canadian Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

country trying to legislate in the area of the Internet and, more importantly, in the area of confidential corporate information and its protection. ommercial information, once relegated to paper C files stored in cabinets, is now more likely to be in The facts surrounding the case indicate a new threat digital form, allowing a myriad of people to access its

Suzanne White

2004-01-01

265

76 FR 3610 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Annual Survey of State and Local Government...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: I. Abstract The Census Bureau plans to request clearance for the forms necessary to conduct the public finance program which consists of an annual collection of information and a quinquennial collection in the census years...

2011-01-20

266

78 FR 66995 - Freedom of Information, Privacy Act, and Government in the Sunshine Act Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...have a significant economic impact on a number of small entities...will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of...therefore, an environmental impact statement is not required...Confidential business information, Freedom of information,...

2013-11-08

267

40 CFR 2.302 - Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Clean Water Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...information obtained under the Clean Water Act. 2.302 Section 2.302...information obtained under the Clean Water Act. (a) Definitions. For...section: (1) Act means the Clean Water Act, as amended, 33...

2010-07-01

268

40 CFR 2.302 - Special rules governing certain information obtained under the Clean Water Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...information obtained under the Clean Water Act. 2.302 Section 2.302...information obtained under the Clean Water Act. (a) Definitions. For...section: (1) Act means the Clean Water Act, as amended, 33...

2009-07-01

269

The Role of the Federal Government in Information Systems in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Paper presented at the Education and Information Science Symposium," Sponsored by the Ohio Chapters of the American Society for Information Science in cooperation with The Department of Computer and Information Science, The Ohio State University, June 23 and 24, 1969. (MF)

Burchinal, Lee G.

1970-01-01

270

Forging an Effective Information Security Governance Program A Case Study of a Multinational Organization  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to preserve the integrity, availability and confidentiality of an organization's information assets, a comprehensive portfolio of security policies and technologies needs to be deployed and supported. However, it has been evident that deploying sophisticated information security management tools and technologies are not enough. To align information security objectives with business and organizational goals, organizations are increasingly adopting comprehensive

Tejaswini Herath; Manish Gupta; H. R. Rao

271

Making Sense of Information Sharing in E-Government Inter-Organizational Collaborations: A Malaysian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information sharing is a fundamental goal of information systems (IS). Yet information sharing, although critical and much acclaimed, is complex in terms of its concepts and implementation. How to leverage this phenomenon while implementing an IS is discussed at length in the literature. Both academics and practitioners in IS are striving to…

Harold, Dolly Amy

2011-01-01

272

Assessing instructional outcomes in Canadian academic libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This article reports on a three-year study of information literacy instruction in Canadian academic libraries, focusing on the outcomes of instruction in terms of tests of information literacy skills and interviews with students that explored their experiences of information literacy instruction. Particular emphasis is given to investigating instructional effectiveness and assessing learning outcomes,with respect to identifying those institutional and

Heidi Julien; Stuart Boon

2004-01-01

273

Implementing stakeholder-informed research in the substance abuse treatment sector: strategies used by Connections, a Canadian knowledge translation and exchange project  

PubMed Central

Background Researcher-stakeholder collaboration has been identified as critical to bridging research and health system change. While collaboration models vary, meaningful stakeholder involvement over time (“integrated knowledge translation”) is advocated to improve the relevance of research to knowledge users. This short report describes the integrated knowledge translation efforts of Connections, a knowledge translation and exchange project to improve services for women with substance abuse problems and their children, and implementation barriers and facilitators. Findings Strategies of varying intensities were used to engage diverse stakeholders, including policy makers and people with lived experience, and executive directors, program managers, and service providers from Canadian addiction agencies serving women. Barriers to participation included individual (e.g., interest), organizational (e.g., funding), and system level (e.g., lack of centralized stakeholder database) barriers. Similarly, facilitators included individual (e.g., perceived relevance) and organizational (e.g., support) facilitators, as well as initiative characteristics (e.g., multiple involvement opportunities). Despite barriers, Connections’ stakeholder-informed research efforts proved essential for developing clinically relevant and feasible processes, measures, and implementation strategies. Conclusions Stakeholder-researcher collaboration is possible and robust integrated knowledge translation efforts can be productive. Future work should emphasize developing and evaluating a range of strategies to address stakeholders’ knowledge translation needs and to facilitate sustained and meaningful involvement in research.

2014-01-01

274

Comparative International Education: Institutions of Higher Education in Poland and Canadian Universities: A Comparison Using an Information Technology Conceptual Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to compare institutions of higher learning in Poland and universities in Canada using an information technology conceptual framework consisting of three parts: participation, feedback and partnership. (Contains 15 notes.)

Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Kritsonis, William Allan; Pachocinski, Ryszard; Herrington, David E.

2007-01-01

275

Characteristics of individuals with high information potential in government research and development organizations.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to study focal individuals within informal communications networks, a special variable was constructed: information potential (IP) was defined as the information-source value placed on an individual by his colleagues. Four hypotheses involving IP were tested in three R&D organizations using questionnaires and pencil-and-paper tests. Results indicated that the individual with high IP used more and different sources of technical information, was seen to be a credible information source and to have a strong ability to associate seemingly unrelated ideas, and was as approachable as the other members of his organization. Four tentative conclusions may be drawn from this study concerning the person with high IP. He is (1) an identifiable individual in several different kinds of organizations; (2) a distinctive information transceiver (transmitter and receiver); (3) both a producer and a catalyst in his own organization; and (4) an extender and an amplifier of information search. To affect the efficiency of informal information flow, the research manager's best hope for positively influencing informal networks lies in the identification and motivation of the special communicators in his organization.

Holland, W. E.

1972-01-01

276

The Falling Canadian Loonie  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This week's In the News examines the faltering financial status of the Canadian dollar, or "loonie." The eleven resources discussed track recent economic data from major Canadian financial institutions and opinions about that data as expressed in leading North American news sources. Throughout the summer months of 1998, the Canadian dollar has fallen to new lows, closing at a record 64.86 cents to the US dollar on August 24. World-wide currency instability is considered a major cause as is Canadian monetary policy and questions of Quebec's right to secede.

Waters, Megan.

1998-01-01

277

Canadian beef quality audit.  

PubMed Central

A study was conducted in 4 Canadian processing plants in 1995-96 to determine the prevalence of quality defects in Canadian cattle. One percent of the annual number of cattle processed in Canada were evaluated on the processing floor and 0.1% were graded in the cooler. Brands were observed on 37% and multiple brands on 6% of the cattle. Forty percent of the cattle had horns, 20% of which were scurs, 33% were stubs, 10% were tipped, and 37% were full length. Tag (mud and manure on the hide) was observed on 34% of the cattle. Bruises were found on 78% of the carcasses, 81% of which were minor in severity. Fifteen percent of the bruises were located on the round, 29% on the loin, 40% on the rib, 16% on the chuck, and 0.02% on the brisket. Grubs were observed in 0.02% of the steers, and injection sites were observed in 1.3% of whole hanging carcasses. Seventy percent of the livers were passed for human food and 14% for pet food; 16% were condemned. Approximately 71% of the liver condemnations were due to liver abscesses. Four percent of the heads, 6% of the tongues, and 0.2% of whole carcasses were condemned. The pregnancy rate in female cattle was approximately 6.7%. The average hot carcass weight was 357 kg (s = 40) in steers, 325 kg (s = 41) in heifers, 305 kg (s = 53) in cows, 388 kg (s = 62) in virgin bulls and 340 kg (s = 39) in mature bulls. The average ribeye area in all cattle was 84 cm2 (s = 12); range 29 cm2 to 128 cm2. Grade fat was highly variable and averaged 9 mm (s = 4) for steers and heifers, 6 mm (s = 6) for cows, 5 mm (s = 1) for virgin bulls, and 4 mm (s = 0.5) for mature bulls. The average lean meat yield was 59.7% in cattle (s = 3.4); range 39% to 67%. One percent of the carcasses were devoid of marbling, 1% were dark cutters, and 0.05% of the steer carcasses were staggy. Six percent of the carcasses had poor conformation, 3.7% were underfinished, and 0.7% were overfinished. Yellow fat was observed in 4% of the carcasses; 10% of carcasses were aged. Based on January 1996 prices, the economic analysis showed that the Canadian beef industry lost $70.52 per head or $189.6 million annually from quality nonconformities. Methods identified to reduce these nonconformities included improvements in management, animal identification, handling, genetic selection, marketing, grading, and information transfer.

Van Donkersgoed, J; Jewison, G; Mann, M; Cherry, B; Altwasser, B; Lower, R; Wiggins, K; Dejonge, R; Thorlakson, B; Moss, E; Mills, C; Grogan, H

1997-01-01

278

Governing’ nanotechnology without government?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing commercialisation of products containing nanomaterials has been accompanied by growing societal concerns. These concerns have underpinned a debate over the degree to which governments should specifically ‘govern’ or regulate nanotechnology. This paper examines the way in which the private sector is developing innovative regulatory arrangements for nanotechnology. It commences with a theoretical review of potential regulatory tools, and

Diana M Bowman; Graeme A Hodge

2008-01-01

279

Canadian listeriosis reference service.  

PubMed

Listeria monocytogenes, a psychrotrophic organism capable of growing at refrigeration temperatures, is of major concern in extended shelf life, refrigerated foods. Considering that as much as 80-90% of human listeriosis cases are linked to the ingestion of contaminated food, human cases are predominantly seen in high-risk individuals, including organ-transplant recipients, patients with AIDS and HIV-infected individuals, pregnant women, cancer patients, and the elderly. In 2001, the Canadian Listeriosis Reference Service (LRS) was created by the Bureau of Microbial Hazards (Health Canada) and the National Microbiology Laboratory (now part of the Public Health Agency of Canada). Major goals of the LRS include investigation of listeriosis cases and maintenance of a national collection of isolates. The LRS intends to create a comprehensive molecular epidemiological database of all isolates in Canada for use as a resource for outbreak investigations, research and other microbiological investigations. The PFGE profiles are being established and stored for clinical, food, environmental, and possibly animal strains of L. monocytogenes. The LRS pursues research activities for investigation and implementation of other molecular methods for characterizing L. monocytogenes isolates. Ribotyping, Multi-locus Sequence Typing (MLST), Variable Number of Tandem Repeats (VNTR), Multi-locus virulence sequence typing (MLVA), microarray- based technologies and sequence-based typing schemes, are being investigated on selected diversity sets. The LRS has also used PFGE typing for outbreak investigations. The molecular epidemiological data, timely coordination and exchange of information should help to reduce the incidence of listeriosis in Canada. In Canada, listeriosis is not a national notifiable disease, except for the province of Quebec, where it has been since 1999. The LRS, Canadian Public Health Laboratory Network, and federal epidemiologists are currently working on making human listeriosis notifiable throughout Canada. PMID:16602988

Pagotto, Franco; Ng, Lai-King; Clark, Clifford; Farber, Jeff

2006-01-01

280

The U.S. Federal Depository Library Program and U.S. Government Information in an Electronic Environment: Issues for the Transition and the Millennium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1895, the Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP), administered by the U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO), has provided no-fee public access to information generated by the U.S. government through a network of libraries. For 200 years, print-on-paper remained the dominant format. By 1978, publications were also distributed in…

Powell, Margaret S.

281

New Technologies and Old-Fashioned Economics: Creating a Brave New World for U.S. Government Information Distribution and Use.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that the United States government information's five stakeholders--federal agencies, Government Printing Office (GPO), depository libraries, commercial sector, and the public will need to change drastically in reaction to improved technologies. Notes that the concept of the Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) network may have…

Smith, Diane

1999-01-01

282

The federal role in the health information infrastructure: a debate of the pros and cons of government intervention.  

PubMed

Some observers feel that the federal government should play a more active leadership role in educating the medical community and in coordinating and encouraging a more rapid and effective implementation of clinically relevant applications of wide-area networking. Other people argue that the private sector is recognizing the importance of these issues and will, when the market demands it, adopt and enhance the telecommunications systems that are needed to produce effective uses of the National Information Infrastructure (NII) by the healthcare community. This debate identifies five areas for possible government involvement: convening groups for the development of standards; providing funding for research and development; ensuring the equitable distribution of resources, particularly to places and people considered by private enterprise to provide low opportunities for profit; protecting rights of privacy, intellectual property, and security; and overcoming the jurisdictional barriers to cooperation, particularly when states offer conflicting regulations. Arguments against government involvement include the likely emergence of an adequate infrastructure under free market forces, the often stifling effect of regulation, and the need to avoid a common-and-control mentality in an infrastructure that is best promoted collaboratively. PMID:8816347

Shortliffe, E H; Bleich, H L; Caine, C G; Masys, D R; Simborg, D W

1996-01-01

283

Attitudes towards the Canadian quality milk program and use of good production practices among Canadian dairy producers  

Microsoft Academic Search

To harmonize good production practices (GPP) for dairy producers in Canada, the Canadian dairy industry has developed and is implementing a program called Canadian Quality Milk (CQM). A postal questionnaire was administered to all Canadian dairy producers enrolled in dairy herd-improvement organizations in 2008 (n=10,474) to investigate their attitudes towards the program and to establish baseline information on their use

I. Young; A. Raji?; S. Hendrick; S. Parker; J. Sanchez; J. T. McClure; S. A. McEwen

2010-01-01

284

Building Citizen Trust Through E-government  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trust of citizens in their governments has gradually eroded. One response by several North American governments has been to introduce e-government or Web-mediated citizen-to-government interaction. This paper tests the extent to which online initiatives have succeeded in increasing trust and external political efficacy in voters. An Internet-based survey of 182 Canadian voters shows that using the Internet to transact

Michael Parent; Christine A. Vandebeek; Andrew C. Gemino

2005-01-01

285

Agenda-setting for Canadian caregivers: using media analysis of the maternity leave benefit to inform the compassionate care benefit  

PubMed Central

The Compassionate Care Benefit was implemented in Canada in 2004 to support employed informal caregivers, the majority of which we know are women given the gendered nature of caregiving. In order to examine how this policy might evolve over time, we examine the evolution of a similar employment insurance program, Canada’s Maternity Leave Benefit. National media articles were reviewed (n?=?2,698) and, based on explicit criteria, were analyzed using content analysis. Through the application of Kingdon’s policy agenda-setting framework, the results define key recommendations for the Compassionate Care Benefit, as informed by the developmental trajectory of the Maternity Leave Benefit. Recommendations for revising the Compassionate Care Benefit are made.

2014-01-01

286

Agenda-setting for Canadian caregivers: using media analysis of the maternity leave benefit to inform the compassionate care benefit.  

PubMed

The Compassionate Care Benefit was implemented in Canada in 2004 to support employed informal caregivers, the majority of which we know are women given the gendered nature of caregiving. In order to examine how this policy might evolve over time, we examine the evolution of a similar employment insurance program, Canada's Maternity Leave Benefit. National media articles were reviewed (n?=?2,698) and, based on explicit criteria, were analyzed using content analysis. Through the application of Kingdon's policy agenda-setting framework, the results define key recommendations for the Compassionate Care Benefit, as informed by the developmental trajectory of the Maternity Leave Benefit. Recommendations for revising the Compassionate Care Benefit are made. PMID:24758563

Dykeman, Sarah; Williams, Allison M

2014-01-01

287

77 FR 325 - Proposed Information Collection (Certification of Change or Correction of Name, Government Life...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA...the following collection of information, VBA invites comments on: (1) Whether the...necessary for the proper performance of VBA's functions, including whether the...

2012-01-04

288

77 FR 22069 - Proposed Information Collection (Notice of Lapse-Government Life Insurance); Comment Request  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA...the following collection of information, VBA invites comments on: (1) Whether the...necessary for the proper performance of VBA's functions, including whether the...

2012-04-12

289

75 FR 68036 - Proposed Information Collection (Application for Conversion (Government Life Insurance)) Activity...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...The Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), Department of Veterans Affairs (VA...the following collection of information, VBA invites comments on: (1) Whether the...necessary for the proper performance of VBA's functions, including whether the...

2010-11-04

290

78 FR 28532 - Freedom of Information, Privacy Act, and Government in the Sunshine Act Procedures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...have a significant economic impact on a number of small entities...will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of...therefore, an environmental impact statement is not required...Administrative practice and procedure; Freedom of Information;...

2013-05-15

291

Metropolitan Governance and Administration.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A discussion on intergovernmental service agreements, functional transfers, and the modernization of county governments is presented. The use of formal and informal intergovernmental service agreements by local governments for the provision of services to...

J. F. Zimmerman

1976-01-01

292

Quality: Canadian Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers a brief outline of current Canadian research contributing to the understanding of quality in early child care and education, and highlights, as a means of demonstrating elements of high quality, a range of early childhood care and education programs, policies, and practices offered in Canada. Three separate components of Canadian

Corson, Patricia; Martin, Sue

293

The Canadian Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In December 2000, Historica, a Canadian foundation dedicated to the preservation of Canadian cultural heritage, posted the first online edition of The Canadian Encyclopedia, a massive one-volume reference to Canada authored by over 4,000 Canadians. This searchable edition features more than 10,000 articles written by a broad base of Canadians who are experts in their individual subjects. (An aggressive act of intellectual egalitarianism, the work employs far more authors than the much larger, but more editorially driven, Encyclopedia Britannica.) In addition to entries written in hypertext format with bibliographies, the encyclopedia offers interactive elements, such as statistical graphs, multimedia presentations of key historical events, quizzes and games, student guides, monthly topical features, and more. The encyclopedia is accessible in French and English and has a separate student's edition as well. Note: we did find some brief instances of printer code in the entries; it would appear that another edit of the online version would be beneficial.

2000-01-01

294

Bibliographic Instruction Trends in Canadian Academic Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study that investigated how bibliographic instruction in Canadian academic libraries is evolving to meet the users' needs for information-literacy skills in light of electronic technologies and their effects on information retrieval. Discusses the teaching of critical evaluation and research strategies and the incorporation of more…

Julien, Heidi; Leckie, Gloria J.

1997-01-01

295

Canadian Centre for Architecture  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1979 by Phyllis Lambert, the Canadian Centre for Architecture (CCA) is an international research center and museum founded on the conviction that "architecture is a public concern." This website is a delightful mix of commentary, digital projects, and information about events at the Centre. A good place to start is at the CCA Recommends area. Here visitors can learn about recent books, musings, and other things that have crossed over the CCA's transom as of late. Recent entries have included thoughts on new books about the Seagram Building in New York and a rather novel piece on the history of guidebooks to Montreal. The Collection area contains information about the CCA's physical holdings, along with finding aids to its digital collections. These collections number almost two dozen and they include materials that deal with Expo 67 in Montreal and the professional practice of Aldo Rossi. Users shouldn't miss the Calendar, as it may inspire a visit to Canada to see one or more upcoming lectures, exhibits, or special events. [KMG

296

Canadian wetland policy promotes conservation  

SciTech Connect

With the recent adoption of The Federal Policy on Wetland Conservation, the Government of Canada has firmly stated that wetland conservation will become a fundamental aspect of federal government decision-making in all federal government programs and institutions. The policy focuses on the sustainable, wise use of wetland areas on federal lands (about 29% of Canada`s wetland base) as well as wetlands, such as national parks, under direct federal authority. The federal government of Canada is promoting a nonregulatory, cooperative approach to achieve the following goals: Maintain the benefits derived from wetlands throughout Canada; Achieve no net loss of wetland functions on federal lands and waters; Enhance and rehabilitate wetlands in areas where the continuing loss or degradation of wetlands or their functions have reached critical levels; Recognize wetland functions in resource planning, management, and economic decision-making with regard to all federal programs, policies, and activities; Secure wetlands of significance to Canadians; and, Recognize sound, sustainable management practices in sectors such as forestry and agriculture that make a positive contribution to wetlands conservation while also achieving wise use of wetland resources.

Rubec, C. [North American Wetlands Conservation Council, Ottawa, Ontario (Canada)

1992-11-01

297

78 FR 28111 - Making Open and Machine Readable the New Default for Government Information  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Officer (CIO), Chief Technology Officer (CTO), and Administrator of the Office of Information...issuance of the Open Data Policy, the CIO and CTO shall publish an open online repository...furtherance of their missions. The CIO and CTO shall regularly update this online...

2013-05-14

298

Policy-Governed Information Exchange in a U.S. Army Operational Scenario  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors are investigating how emerging policy and semantic Web technologies can be used to help provide the best set of available tactical information to the Soldier in the field. In this initial effort, Researchers from the U.S. Army Research Labs (ARL) and the Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition (IHMC) have developed a system that demonstrates the potential

Larry Bunch; Jeffrey M. Bradshaw; Clifford O. Young

2008-01-01

299

76 FR 23541 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Government Units Survey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...panel design to study the effects of using headers to inform the respondent of section content versus a form with no section segmentation. The final questionnaire will be determined pending the results of the split panel design analysis. II. Method of...

2011-04-27

300

Occupational Education Information Needs and Governance Patterns in Selected California Community Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the DELPHI technique, 111 individuals identified as management team members for occupational education (in eight selected California community colleges), were chosen for this study designed to provide information perceived to be needed and useable for effective planning of occupation education in community colleges in California. Three…

Bowers, Ellen

301

Information Orientation, Information Technology Governance, and Information Technology Service Management: A Multi-Level Approach for Teaching the MBA Core Information Systems Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Core MBA IT courses have tended to be survey courses that cover important topics but often do not sufficiently engage students. The result is that many top-ranked MBA programs have not found such courses useful enough to include in their core MBA requirements. In this paper, we present a design of an MBA course emphasizing information technology…

Beachboard, John; Aytes, Kregg

2011-01-01

302

Medication Management: Perceptions and Opinions of Canadian Hospital Executives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Issues relating to access to new medications, medication safety, and the quality of medication use are important to many Canadian hospital executives and managers. Objective: To obtain the opinions of hospital executives and managers about medication management issues. Methods: A survey instrument was developed and pilot-tested with input from key informant interviews and the Canadian College of Health Service

Neil J MacKinnon; Nicole R Hartnell; Colleen J Metge; Ingrid Sketris; Jean-François Bussières

2008-01-01

303

New Canadian physical activity guidelines.  

PubMed

The Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology (CSEP), in cooperation with ParticipACTION and other stakeholders, and with support from the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), has developed the new Canadian Physical Activity Guidelines for Children (aged 5-11 years), Youth (aged 12-17 years), Adults (aged 18-64 years), and Older Adults (aged >=65 years). The new guidelines include a preamble to provide context and specific guidelines for each age group. The entire guideline development process was guided by the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research Evaluation (AGREE) II instrument, which is the international standard for clinical practice guideline development. Thus, the guidelines have gone through a rigorous and transparent developmental process; we based the recommendations herein on evidence from 3 systematic reviews, and the final guidelines benefitted from an extensive online and in-person consultation process with hundreds of stakeholders and key informants, both domestic and international. Since 2006, the products of our efforts resulted in the completion of 21 peer-reviewed journal articles (including 5 systematic reviews) that collectively guided this work. The process that Canadian researchers undertook to update the national physical activity guidelines represents the most current synthesis, interpretation, and application of the scientific evidence to date. PMID:21326376

Tremblay, Mark S; Warburton, Darren E R; Janssen, Ian; Paterson, Donald H; Latimer, Amy E; Rhodes, Ryan E; Kho, Michelle E; Hicks, Audrey; Leblanc, Allana G; Zehr, Lori; Murumets, Kelly; Duggan, Mary

2011-02-01

304

Incentives for research participation: policy and practice from Canadian corrections.  

PubMed

We explored current policies and practices on the use of incentives in research involving adult offenders under correctional supervision in prison and in the community (probation and parole) in Canada. We contacted the correctional departments of each of the Canadian provinces and territories, as well as the federal government department responsible for offenders serving sentences of two years or more. Findings indicated that two departments had formal policy whereas others had unwritten practices, some prohibiting their use and others allowing incentives on a case-by-case basis. Given the differences across jurisdictions, it would be valuable to examine how current incentive policies and practices are implemented to inform national best practices on incentives for offender-based research. PMID:22698018

Matheson, Flora I; Forrester, Pamela; Brazil, Amanda; Doherty, Sherri; Affleck, Lindy

2012-08-01

305

Incentives for Research Participation: Policy and Practice From Canadian Corrections  

PubMed Central

We explored current policies and practices on the use of incentives in research involving adult offenders under correctional supervision in prison and in the community (probation and parole) in Canada. We contacted the correctional departments of each of the Canadian provinces and territories, as well as the federal government department responsible for offenders serving sentences of two years or more. Findings indicated that two departments had formal policy whereas others had unwritten practices, some prohibiting their use and others allowing incentives on a case-by-case basis. Given the differences across jurisdictions, it would be valuable to examine how current incentive policies and practices are implemented to inform national best practices on incentives for offender-based research.

Forrester, Pamela; Brazil, Amanda; Doherty, Sherri; Affleck, Lindy

2012-01-01

306

Animal spare parts? A Canadian public consultation on xenotransplantation.  

PubMed

Xenotransplantation, or the use of animal cells, tissues and organs for humans, has been promoted as an important solution to the worldwide shortage of organs. While scientific studies continue to be done to address problems of rejection and the possibility of animal-to-human virus transfer, socio-ethical and legal questions have also been raised around informed consent, life-long monitoring, animal welfare and animal rights, and appropriate regulatory practices. Many calls have also been made to consult publics before policy decisions are made. This paper describes the Canadian public consultation process on xenotransplantation carried out by the Canadian Public Health Association in an arm's length process from Health Canada, the ministry overseeing government health policy and regulation. Focusing on six citizen for a conducted around the country patterned after the citizen jury deliberative approach, the paper describes the citizen panelists' recommendations to hold off on proceeding with clinical trials and the rationales behind this recommendation. The consultation process is discussed in the context of constructive technology assessment, a framework which argues for broader input into earlier stages of technology innovation, particularly at the technology design stage. PMID:12501726

Einsiedel, Edna F; Ross, Heather

2002-10-01

307

Valuing hospital investment in information technology: does governance make a difference?  

PubMed

This article examines the investment of patient care information technology (IT) systems by a nationwide sample of U.S. short-term acute care hospitals and the resulting impact these systems have in the productivity of institutions from 1990-1998. Of particular interest is the extent to which for-profit and not-for-profit hospitals obtain different results from the adoption of lT systems. We find that the marginal effect of IT on for-profit hospital productivity is to reduce the number of days supplied, while in not-for-profit hospitals the marginal effect of IT is to increase the quantity of services supplied. This resulting effect is consistent with the differing objectives of not-for-profit and for-profit hospitals and demonstrates the positive marginal value of IT as a sustainable and prudent investment. PMID:17427843

Parente, Stephen T; Van Horn, R Lawrence

2006-01-01

308

The Canadian West  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From the National Archives of Canada, this Web exhibition includes over 200 pictures, maps, and documents on European exploration and settlement of Western Canada, from the 1600s to 1930. The Canadian West also features materials on the effects of European immigration on indigenous peoples of Canada. There are three major sections: Anticipation, Contact, and Accommodation. Anticipation contains early maps, primarily from the eighteenth century, that show European cartographers' best guesses at the lay of the new land. Indian treaty medals and photographs of students at Indian industrial schools in Manitoba and Saskatchewan are some of the illustrations in the Contact section. In Accommodation, see items documenting the urbanization and industrialization of Canada, such as a map of Tuxedo Park, a proposed development of Winnipeg, and road maps from the 1920s. Visitors can choose to browse the collection by media type, year, or title by clicking the Index. There are also links to related Websites, a reading list, and a Thematic Research Guides link, which leads to databases of genealogical information and patent letters from ArchiviaNet, the National Archives online research tool.

2000-01-01

309

Canadian operators boost heavy oil production  

SciTech Connect

Recent technological advances in slurry pipelining, horizontal wells, and thermal recovery techniques have made recovery of Canadian heavy oil resources more economical. In addition, reduced government royalties have made investment in these difficult reservoirs more attractive. As a result, activity has increased in heavy-oil fields in Alberta and Saskatchewan. This paper review the various oil sand recovery projects under development in the area and the current government policies which are helping to develop them. The paper also provides brief descriptions of the equipment and technologies that have allowed a reduced cost in the development. Items discussed include surface mining techniques, horizontal drilling, reservoir engineering techniques, separation processes, and thermal recovery.

Perdue, J.M.

1996-05-01

310

Canadian Earth Observation Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Earth observation programs supported by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) are discussed. These include the RADARSAT program, the development and operation of the Wind Imaging Interferometer (WIND 2) on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS), the...

G. M. Lindberg L. Mcnutt

1992-01-01

311

Canadian Poetry Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the National Library of Canada, the Canadian Poetry Archive features selected poems from over 100 nineteenth- and twentieth-century English- and French-language Canadian poets. The database is searchable by author, title, keyword, and date. Author, title, and date indexes are also available for browsing. Biographies of six prominent Canadian poets are featured, including "photographs, biographical text, a selective bibliography, a link to the poet's poems in the Archive, and a link to search the poet's name in the National Library of Canada's online catalogue, resAnet." Users should know that, at this time, some poets are represented by one or two poems while others have the bulk of their corpus posted. The site is clearly still under construction but promises to become a key online resource for the study of Canadian poetry.

312

"Developing Good Taste in Evidence": Facilitators of and Hindrances to Evidence-Informed Health Policymaking in State Government  

PubMed Central

Context Policymaking is a highly complex process that is often difficult to predict or influence. Most of the scholarship examining the role of research evidence in policymaking has focused narrowly on characteristics of the evidence and the interactions between scientists and government officials. The real-life context in which policymakers are situated and make decisions also is crucial to the development of evidence-informed policy. Methods This qualitative study expands on other studies of research utilization at the state level through interviews with twenty-eight state legislators and administrators about their real-life experiences incorporating evidence into policymaking. The interviews were coded inductively into the following categories: (1) the important or controversial issue or problem being addressed, (2) the information that was used, (3) facilitators, and (4) hindrances. Findings Hindrances to evidence-informed policymaking included institutional features; characteristics of the evidence supply, such as research quantity, quality, accessibility, and usability; and competing sources of influence, such as interest groups. The policymakers identified a number of facilitators to the use of evidence, including linking research to concrete impacts, costs, and benefits; reframing policy issues to fit the research; training to use evidence-based skills; and developing research venues and collaborative relationships in order to generate relevant evidence. Conclusions Certain hindrances to the incorporation of research into policy, like limited budgets, are systemic and not readily altered. However, some of the barriers and facilitators of evidence-informed health policymaking are amenable to change. Policymakers could benefit from evidence-based skills training to help them identify and evaluate high-quality information. Researchers and policymakers thus could collaborate to develop networks for generating and sharing relevant evidence for policy.

Jewell, Christopher J; Bero, Lisa A

2008-01-01

313

Do Low-Cost Private School Leavers in the Informal Settlement Have a Good Chance of Admission to a Government Secondary school? A Study from Kibera in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are growing numbers of low-cost private schools in urban informal settlements in developing countries. It has been argued that these institutions may constitute alternatives for government schools, as they are able to meet the educational needs of children in urban informal settlements. This study explores the question of whether low-cost…

Ohba, Asayo

2013-01-01

314

Government Information: An Endangered Resource of the Electronic Age. Proceedings of the Annual State-of-the-Art Institute (1st, Washington, DC, October 19-22, 1986).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These proceedings contain edited versions of 14 papers on government information and its relation to the library and information community that were presented at a state-of-the-art institute sponsored by the Special Library Association (SLA). Following a foreword by Steve Bell of ABC News and an introduction by David R. Bender of the SLA, papers…

Special Libraries Association, Washington, DC.

315

Committing Canadian sociology: developing a Canadian sociology and a sociology of Canada.  

PubMed

This paper is a slightly revised version of the author's "Outstanding Career Award Lecture" presented at the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Sociological Association in Victoria, British Columbia on June 6, 2013. The paper distinguishes between Canadian Sociology and the Sociology of Canada. The former involves the explanatory stance that one takes to understanding Canada. The latter addresses the significant social dimensions that underlie Canadian social organization, culture, and behavior. I make a case for a Canadian Sociology that focuses on the unique features of Canadian society rather than adopting a comparative perspective. I also argue that there is a continuing need within the Sociology of Canada to address the issues of staples development. However, I argue that "new" staples analysis must have a directional change from that of the past, in that social processes now largely determine the pattern of staples development. Moreover, new staples analysis must include issues that were never part of earlier staples analysis, such as issues of environmental impacts and of staples depletion under conditions, such as climate change. The paper concludes by analyzing four factors that provide the dominant social contexts for analyzing modern staples development: (1) the rise of neoliberal government, (2) the implementation of globalization and its social consequences, (3) the assumption of aboriginal rights and entitlement, and (4) the rise of environmentalism. These factors were generally not considered in earlier staples approaches. They are critical to understanding the role of staples development and its impact on Canada in the present time. PMID:24964518

Matthews, Ralph

2014-05-01

316

Learning to Speak Everyday (Canadian) French  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the sociolinguistic competence of French immersion students. We first present an overview of the range of variation found in L1 speech and make a distinction between vernacular, informal, formal, and hyper-formal variants. We then compare the use of these forms in the speech of Canadian francophones and Grade 9 and 12…

Nadasdi, Terry; Mougeon, Raymond; Rehner, Katherine

2005-01-01

317

Canadian Books for Schools: A Centennial Listing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography, prepared by the English Council and School Library Council of the Alberta Teachers' Association, lists approximately 320 works--including novels, biographies, plays, nofiction and historical books, children's books, and books of short stories--written by Canadian authors about Canada. For each entry, the information

Snow, Kathleen M., Ed.

318

Information Management: The Challenges of Managing Electronic Records. Testimony Before the Subcommittee on Information Policy, Census and National Archives, Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, House of Representatives. GAO-10-838T  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Federal agencies are increasingly using electronic means to create, exchange, and store information, and in doing so, they frequently create federal records: that is, information, in whatever form, that documents government functions, activities, decisions, and other important transactions. As the volume of electronic information grows, so does…

Melvin, Valerie C.

2010-01-01

319

Canadian Civil Engineering History and Heritage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Brought to you by CanadaâÂÂs Digital Collections Initiative, this website provides a full listing of Canadian Civil Engineering Historic sites, including sites involving both Canadian and American engineers and contractors that have been jointly commemorated by the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering and the American Society of Civil Engineers. The sites are organized according structure type (bridges, buildings, railways, roads, etc.), and designation (sites of international, national, and regional importance). The digital library collection also contains information on engineers who made a significant impact on civil engineering in Canada and a collection of links to organizations, associations, and civil engineering resources. This is a great resource for librarians, student, and instructors interested in civil engineering history.

2007-06-16

320

Communication and Control in the Canadian North: The Role of Interactive Satellites.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1972 the Canadian government launched its first domestic communications satellite, Anik A, which relays direct broadcast television and telephone messages to northern communities. The impact of television on Inuit life has raised issues and concerns pe...

G. G. Valaskakis

1981-01-01

321

45 CFR 1304.50 - Program governance.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...responsibilities of the governing body members and that inform...procedures, between the governing body and policy group. Appendix AâGovernance and Management Responsibilities...Function Grantee Agency Governing Body Policy Council...

2009-10-01

322

An Overview of Public Key Certificate Support for Canada's Government On-Line (GOL) Initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Canadian Federal Government is delivering on-line services to its citizens. A critical feature for ensuring the acceptance of these services is to ensure that security and privacy requirements are met. To this end, Canadian citizens may obtain an epass allowing them to securely obtain services through a government program web site. Technically, an epass is composed of a pseudonymous

Mike Just

323

Readability of consumer health information on the internet: a comparison of U.S. government-funded and commercially funded websites.  

PubMed

The Internet has become an extremely prevalent means of communicating health information to consumers. Guidelines for selecting reliable health information websites give preference to U.S. government sites over commercially funded sites. However, these websites are not useful to consumers unless they are able to read and understand them. The authors' objective was to compare the readability of Internet health information intended for consumers found on U.S. government-funded websites versus that found on commercially funded websites. Consumer health websites were identified through a systematic Internet search. Webpages for 10 common health topics were extracted from each website. Readability of webpages was determined by 3 validated measures: Flesch Reading Ease, Flesch-Kincaid Reading Level, and SMOG Formula. Mean readability of government-funded and commercially funded websites was compared using the Mann-Whitney U test. Commercially funded websites were significantly more difficult to read as measured by Flesch Reading Ease (49.7 vs. 55.6 for government-funded sites, p = .002) and Flesch-Kincaid Reading Level (10.1 vs. 9.3, p = .012). There was no significant difference according to SMOG Formula (12.8 vs. 13.2, p = .150). The overall readability of Internet health information intended for consumers was poor. Efforts should be made to ensure that health information communicated via the Internet is easy for consumers to read and understand. PMID:22512714

Risoldi Cochrane, Zara; Gregory, Philip; Wilson, Amy

2012-01-01

324

Regionalization: making sense of the Canadian experience.  

PubMed

This paper revisits the purposes and achievements of regionalization, a decade after its widespread implementation across Canada, and considers to what extent changes in healthcare concepts, emphasis and delivery can reasonably be attributed to it. The authors address four main questions. What, conceptually, is regionalization in healthcare, and what distinguishes it as a structure? How was regionalization intended to contribute to the achievement of the goals for the health system articulated in the 1980s and 1990s? How has regionalization been implemented in Canada, and how have these factors affected its potential to achieve its intended impact? And finally, with the experience gained over the last decade, how might we now (re)design regionalization to better contribute to health system goals? In Canada, regionalization of healthcare has entailed more than devolution and decentralization of services from provincial governments to regional authorities. It included consolidation of authority from local boards and agencies, and some centralization of services. Regionalization was the remedy proposed for the diagnosis of fragmentation and incoherence made by commissions across the country in the 1980s. Regionalization addressed the organizational dimensions of the perceived problems, but provincial governments added goals unrelated to structural change to its mandate. The authors assess the potential impact of regionalization on health system goals and take stock of current Canadian circumstances. Even where regionalization's impact is theoretically high, there are many practical limits to its effect. Although it can facilitate or impede change, in the end the will and actions of provincial governments, providers and other actors in the health system are fundamental to attaining more substantive goals. Many health reform goals require nothing less than a transformation of how society views health, and in the culture of healthcare delivery. Further, the authors argue that the implementation of regionalization in Canada has been limited. Devolution has typically been halting and provisional; there has been little stability; and there have been constraints on the ability to act. These limitations have reduced its potential effect. The authors conclude with proposals for increasing regionalization's contribution to health reform goals. These include a more stable and transparent provincial-RHA relationship, information and measures to better align resources to needs, increased regional-level system integration and changes to organizational culture and practice in the health system. PMID:15496812

Lewis, Steven; Kouri, Denise

2004-01-01

325

Analysis of Improved Government Geological Map Information for Mineral Exploration: Incorporating Efficiency, Productivity, Effectiveness, and Risk Considerations  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This bulletin/professional paper focuses on the value of geoscientific information and knowledge, as provided in published government bedrock geological maps, to the mineral exploration sector. An economic model is developed that uses an attribute- ranking approach to convert geological maps into domains of mineral favourability. Information about known deposits in these (or analogous) favourability domains allow the calculation of exploration search statistics that provide input into measures of exploration efficiency, productivity, effectiveness, risk, and cost stemming from the use of the published geological maps. Two case studies, the Flin Flon Belt (Manitoba and Saskatchewan) and the south Baffin Island area (Nunavut), demonstrate that updated, finer resolution maps can be used to identify more exploration campaign options, and campaigns thats are more efficient, more effective, and less risky than old, coarser resolution maps when used as a guide for mineral exploration. The Flin Flon Belt study illustrates that an updated, coarser resolution bedrock map enables improved mineral exploration efficiency, productivity, and effectiveness by locating 60% more targets and supporting an exploration campaign that is 44% more efficient. Refining the map resolution provides an additional 17% reduction in search effort across all favourable domains and a 55% reduction in search effort in the most favourable domain. The south Baffin Island case study projects a 40% increase in expected targets and a 27% reduction in search effort when the updated, finer resolution map is used in lieu of the old, coarser resolution map. On southern Baffin Island, the economic value of the up dated map ranges from CAN$2.28 million to CAN$15.21 million, which can be compared to the CAN$1.86 million that it cost to produce the map (a multiplier effect of up to eight).

Bernknopf, R. L.; Wein, A. M.; St-Onge, M. R.; Lucas, S. B.

2007-01-01

326

Can Money Undo the Past? A Canadian Example.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Canada, more than 9,000 lawsuits have been filed by American Indians and Inuits seeking reparations for the mistreatment Indigenous children suffered in residential schools operated by four religious groups and financed by the Canadian government. Although most suits allege "cultural damage" caused by schooling practices, little of the money…

Thomas, R. Murray

2003-01-01

327

Canadian Universities: The Impact of Free Trade and Globalization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A trend toward global free trade, as represented by the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), has changed the basic assumptions behind Canadian university autonomy and governance. Since higher education is part of social programs and social programs are not exempt from NAFTA provisions, higher education must adjust to serving not only…

Buchbinder, Howard; Rajagopal, Pinayur

1996-01-01

328

Research Integrity/Misconduct Policies of Canadian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a context of increasing attention to issues of scientific integrity in university research, it is important to reflect on the governance mechanisms that universities use to shape the behaviour of students, researchers, and faculty. This paper presents the results of a study of 47 Canadian university research integrity/misconduct (RIM) policies:…

Schoenherr, Jordan; Williams-Jones, Bryn

2011-01-01

329

Canadian Experience with MARC.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Canadian libraries have used Machine-readable Cataloging (MARC) since its beginnings in 1966, mainly for speeding up the cataloging of American imprints. The lack of bilingualism in Library of Congress MARC records was a major deficiency in Canada where bilingual access points are provided for all publications in the national bibliography,…

Chapple, Sharon E.

330

Smoke from Canadian Wildfires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Smoke from multiple large wildfires in Quebec, Canada, drifted far to the south of the border. The Canadian Interagency Forest Fire Center reported there were seven out-of-control fires burning south of James Bay (the southern extension of Hudson Bay), all probably the result of lightning.

Rhodes, Greg; Herring, David

2002-08-15

331

Canadian Red Cross.  

PubMed

The Canadian Red Cross is guided by its Fundamental Principles--humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service, unity, and universality--and organized in a traditional geographic hierarchical structure. Among the characteristics that have contributed to its success are a budgeting process that starts at the local level, measurement of program outcomes, and coordinated fundraising activities at the regional level. PMID:18551842

Lavender, Colleen

2008-01-01

332

NAFTA and Canadian ports  

Microsoft Academic Search

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) signed by Canada, the U.S.A. and Mexico and which came into effect on 1 January 1994, is a significant move towards further integration of the North American economies. This paper examines the likely impact of NAFTA on Canadian ports. Three channels of impact are identified. First, there are direct impacts on trade flows

Eric J. Heikkila

1995-01-01

333

Concept and technology development for the multispectral imager of the Canadian Polar Communications and Weather mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Polar Communications and Weather (PCW) mission is proposed by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA), in partnership with Environment Canada, the Department of National Defence, and several other Canadian government departments. The objectives of the PCW mission are to offer meteorological observations and telecommunication services for the Canadian North. These capabilities are particularly important because of increasing interest in the Arctic and the desire to maintain Canadian sovereignty in this region. The PCW mission has completed its Phase A in 2011. The PCW Meteorological Payload is a Multi-Spectral Imager (MSI) that will provide near-real time weather imagery for the entire circumpolar region with a refresh period of 15 to 30 minutes. Two satellites on a Highly Elliptical Orbit (HEO) will carry the instrument so as to observe the high latitudes 24 hours per day from a point of view that is almost geostationary. The data from the imagers are expected to greatly enhance accuracy of numerical weather prediction models for North America and globally. The mission will also produce useful information on environment and climate in the North. During Phase A, a certain number of critical technologies were identified. The CSA has initiated an effort to develop some of these so that their Technology Readiness Level (TRL) will be suitable for the follow-on phases of the program. An industrial team lead by ABB has been selected to perform technology development activities for the Meteorological Payload. The goal of the project is to enhance the TRL of the telescope, the spectral separation optics, and the infrared multispectral cameras of the PCW Meteorological Payload by fabricating and testing breadboards for these items. We will describe the Meteorological Payload concept and report on the status of the development activities.

Moreau, Louis; Dubois, Patrick; Girard, Frédéric; Tanguay, François; Giroux, Jacques

2012-09-01

334

A descriptive study of access to services in a random sample of Canadian rural emergency departments  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine 24/7 access to services and consultants in a sample of Canadian rural emergency departments (EDs). Design Cross-sectional study—mixed methods (structured interview, survey and government data bases) with random sampling of hospitals. Setting Canadian rural EDs (rural small town (RST) definition—Statistics Canada). Participants 28% (95/336) of Canadian rural EDs providing 24/7 physician coverage located in hospitals with acute care hospitalisation beds. Main outcome measures General characteristics of the rural EDs, information about 24/7 access to consultants, equipment and services, and the proportion of rural hospitals more than 300?km from levels 1 and 2 trauma centres. Results Of the 336 rural EDs identified, 122 (36%) were randomly selected and contacted. Overall, 95 EDs participated in the study (participation rate, 78%). Hospitals had, on an average, 23 acute care beds, 7 ED stretchers and 13?500 annual ED visits. The proportion of rural hospitals with local access to the following 24/7 services was paediatrician, 5%; obstetrician, 10%; psychiatrist, 11%; internist, 12%; intensive care unit, 17%; CT scanner, 20%; surgeon, 26%; ultrasound, 28%; basic X-ray, 97% and laboratory services, 99%. Forty-four per cent and 54% of the RST EDs were more than 300?km from a level 1 and level 2 trauma centre, respectively. Conclusions This is the first study describing the services available in Canadian rural EDs. Apart from basic laboratory and X-ray services, most rural EDs have limited access to consultants, advanced imaging and critical care services. A detailed study is needed to evaluate the impact of these limited services on patient outcomes, costs and interfacility transport demands.

Fleet, Richard; Poitras, Julien; Maltais-Giguere, Julie; Villa, Julie; Archambault, Patrick

2013-01-01

335

41 CFR 301-70.909 - What disclosure information must we give to anyone who flies on our Government aircraft?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...purposes. A public aircraft is not subject to...requirements relating to aircraft certification, maintenance, and pilot certification...passengers on a Government aircraft, that agency must...You may wish to check your policy or...

2010-07-01

336

Restructuring for Good Governance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American higher education has never been more in need of good governance than it is right now. Yet much of the structure many boards have inherited or created tends to stall or impede timely, well-informed, and broadly supported decision making. At many institutions (ours included), layers of governance have been added with each passing year,…

Robert, Stephen; Carey, Russell C.

2006-01-01

337

Heat exposure in the Canadian workplace.  

PubMed

Exposure to excessive heat is a physical hazard that threatens Canadian workers. As patterns of global climate change suggest an increased frequency of heat waves, the potential impact of these extreme climate events on the health and well-being of the Canadian workforce is a new and growing challenge. Increasingly, industries rely on available technology and information to ensure the safety of their workers. Current Canadian labor codes in all provinces employ the guidelines recommended by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) that are Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) based upon Wet Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT). The TLVs are set so that core body temperature of the workers supposedly does not exceed 38.0 degrees C. Legislation in most Canadian provinces also requires employers to install engineering and administrative controls to reduce the heat stress risk of their working environment should it exceed the levels permissible under the WBGT system. There are however severe limitations using the WGBT system because it only directly evaluates the environmental parameters and merely incorporates personal factors such as clothing insulation and metabolic heat production through simple correction factors for broadly generalized groups. An improved awareness of the strengths and limitations of TLVs and the WGBT index can minimize preventable measurement errors and improve their utilization in workplaces. Work is on-going, particularly in the European Union to develop an improved individualized heat stress risk assessment tool. More work is required to improve the predictive capacity of these indices. PMID:20623643

Jay, Ollie; Kenny, Glen P

2010-08-01

338

Indigenous populations health protection: a Canadian perspective.  

PubMed

The disproportionate effects of the 2009 H1N1 pandemic on many Canadian Aboriginal communities have drawn attention to the vulnerability of these communities in terms of health outcomes in the face of emerging and reemerging infectious diseases. Exploring the particular challenges facing these communities is essential to improving public health planning. In alignment with the objectives of the Pandemic Influenza Outbreak Research Modelling (Pan-InfORM) team, a Canadian public health workshop was held at the Centre for Disease Modelling (CDM) to: (i) evaluate post-pandemic research findings; (ii) identify existing gaps in knowledge that have yet to be addressed through ongoing research and collaborative activities; and (iii) build upon existing partnerships within the research community to forge new collaborative links with Aboriginal health organizations. The workshop achieved its objectives in identifying main research findings and emerging information post pandemic, and highlighting key challenges that pose significant impediments to the health protection and promotion of Canadian Aboriginal populations. The health challenges faced by Canadian indigenous populations are unique and complex, and can only be addressed through active engagement with affected communities. The academic research community will need to develop a new interdisciplinary framework, building upon concepts from 'Communities of Practice', to ensure that the research priorities are identified and targeted, and the outcomes are translated into the context of community health to improve policy and practice. PMID:23256553

Richardson, Katya L; Driedger, Michelle S; Pizzi, Nick J; Wu, Jianhong; Moghadas, Seyed M

2012-01-01

339

An Outsider's View of Governance Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most colleges and universities across the British Commonwealth and the United States face crises of confidence in their leadership or their financial systems at some stage in their evolution. This article offers a brief reflection on some governance issues in higher education from the perspective of a Canadian who has served as a dean of law in…

Trakman, Leon

2008-01-01

340

Canadian normative data for the SF-36 health survey  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form (SF-36) is a widely used measure of health-related quality of life. Normative data are the key to determining whether a group or an individual scores above or below the average for their country, age or sex. Published norms for the SF-36 exist for other countries but have not been previously published for Canada. Methods The Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study is a prospective cohort study involving 9423 randomly selected Canadian men and women aged 25 years or more living in the community. The sample was drawn within a 50-km radius of 9 Canadian cities, and the information collected included the SF-36 as a measure of health-related quality of life. This provided a unique opportunity to develop age- and sex-adjusted normative data for the Canadian population. Results Canadian men scored substantially higher than women on all 8 domains and the 2 summary component scales of the SF-36. Canadians scored higher than their US counterparts on all SF-36 domains and both summary component scales and scored higher than their UK counterparts on 4 domains, although many of the differences are not large. Interpretation The differences in the SF-36 scores between age groups, sexes and countries confirm that these Canadian norms are necessary for comparative purposes. The data will be useful for assessing the health status of the general population and of patient populations, and the effect of interventions on health-related quality of life.

Hopman, Wilma M.; Towheed, Tanveer; Anastassiades, Tassos; Tenenhouse, Alan; Poliquin, Suzette; Berger, Claudie; Joseph, Lawrence; Brown, Jacques P.; Murray, Timothy M.; Adachi, Jonathan D.; Hanley, David A.; Papadimitropoulos

2000-01-01

341

Canadian Seismic Agreement  

SciTech Connect

The ECTN network has remained stable over the past year; progress on the new concentrator software has been slow. Major developments have taken place in the Ottawa Data Laboratory including the installation of a new VAX system and further development of the Seismic Analysis Monitor software. A new initiative has been the development of hardware and software for the Sudbury Local Telemetered Network, which can be considered a prototype for a smart outstation. The performance of the ECTN over the past year is described along with a summary of eastern Canadian seismicity during the reporting period and a list of EPB research publications on eastern Canadian seismicity during the past year. 4 figures, 3 tables.

Basham, P.W.; Lyons, J.A.; Drysdale, J.A.; Shannon, W.E.; Andersen, F.; Hayman, R.B.; Wetmiller, R.J.

1983-11-01

342

Canadian Geographic Atlas Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Online atlases vary widely in quality, but this latest project from the Royal Canadian Geographical Society is a laudable production both in terms of its organization and also its multi-layered content. This highly interactive atlas allows users to explore all of Canada's landforms and boundaries through a pop-up atlas browser that includes a sophisticated, yet easy-to-use, interface tool by which users can zoom in or out, measure distances, and even print out the maps they create. Some of the additional features let users explore the country thematically by region (such as the Boreal Shield) or by the dynamic theme of "Extremes of Weather". There is even a "Kid's Atlas", which is specifically designed for young people with the hope that they will also learn a great deal about Canadian places and geography. Much of the material on the site is also available in French.

343

Canadian Public Opinion Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Centre for the Study of Democracy at Queen's University (Kingston, Ontario), this archive contains over 350 surveys on Canadian public opinion. The surveys in the archive investigate a wide range of social, cultural, economic, political, and environmental issues and span in date from 1977 to the present. Visitors may search the full text of the surveys, but must request permission from the site administrator to view the frequency distributions and to access the data analysis tools available online.

344

Nanomaterials - a Canadian Perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I will review nanomaterials research in Canada with a particular emphasis on coordinated initiatives and some experimental highlights, starting with a summary of Canadian initiatives. These range from the National Science and Engineering Research Council's Nano Innovation Platform (www.physics.mcgill.ca/NSERCnanoIP/), provincial initiatives like NanoQuebec (www.NanoQuebec.ca), organizations such as the Canadian Institute of Advanced Research (www.ciar.ca) or the National Institute of Nanotechnology (www.nint.ca) - a joint initiatives between the University of Alberta, the National Research Council (NRC) and the Province of Alberta. University based materials centers such as the Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research in Hamilton, the Institute for Research in Materials in Halifax, the Pacific Center for Advanced Materials and Microstructures in Vancouver or the Strategic Regroupment of University Centers in Advanced Materials in Montreal have strong nano components as has the NRC at various institutes. The 2nd half of the talk will highlight some Canadian research strengths in nano materials, from photonics, energy storage, bio-med to molecular self assembly and paper coatings.

Grutter, Peter

2004-03-01

345

Review of Canadian literature to estimate risks associated with Salmonella in broilers from retail to consumption in Canadian homes.  

PubMed

The objective was to review the literature related to the risk of salmonellosis from chicken consumed in private homes in Canada. The pathway of concern was retail-to-consumption at private homes due to the direct link between this pathway and public health. A qualitative review was conducted by searching Canadian governmental agencies' webpages, published peer-reviewed journals, and by contacting experts in the field. Overall, with the data available, estimating risk from Salmonella in chicken breasts using only Canadian information was limited. Enumeration data for Salmonella in retail raw chicken at different regions across Canada are needed to be able to generalize the risk of salmonellosis in the Canadian population. Few Canadian surveys were found to describe consumers' food safety behaviors at Canadians' private homes. Observational designs to study food safety practices and Canadian consumers' behavior in private kitchens are needed to ensure that consumer behavior is consistent with consumer perceptions of their behavior. The results of such studies will give valuable input for designing educational programs needed to increase awareness of safe food handling practices by Canadian consumers when preparing food at their homes. PMID:23638930

Smadi, Hanan; Sargeant, Jan M

2013-01-01

346

Pan-Canadian REspiratory STandards INitiative for Electronic Health Records (PRESTINE): 2011 National Forum Proceedings  

PubMed Central

In a novel knowledge translation initiative, the Government of Ontario’s Asthma Plan of Action funded the development of an Asthma Care Map to enable adherence with the Canadian Asthma Consensus Guidelines developed under the auspices of the Canadian Thoracic Society (CTS). Following its successful evaluation within the Primary Care Asthma Pilot Project, respiratory clinicians from the Asthma Research Unit, Queen’s University (Kingston, Ontario) are leading an initiative to incorporate standardized Asthma Care Map data elements into electronic health records in primary care in Ontario. Acknowledging that the issue of data standards affects all respiratory conditions, and all provinces and territories, the Government of Ontario approached the CTS Respiratory Guidelines Committee. At its meeting in September 2010, the CTS Respiratory Guidelines Committee agreed that developing and standardizing respiratory data elements for electronic health records are strategically important. In follow-up to that commitment, representatives from the CTS, the Lung Association, the Government of Ontario, the National Lung Health Framework and Canada Health Infoway came together to form a planning committee. The planning committee proposed a phased approach to inform stakeholders about the issue, and engage them in the development, implementation and evaluation of a standardized dataset. An environmental scan was completed in July 2011, which identified data definitions and standards currently available for clinical variables that are likely to be included in electronic medical records in primary care for diagnosis, management and patient education related to asthma and COPD. The scan, sponsored by the Government of Ontario, includes compliance with clinical nomenclatures such as SNOMED-CT® and LOINC®. To help launch and create momentum for this initiative, a national forum was convened on October 2 and 3, 2011, in Toronto, Ontario. The forum was designed to bring together key stakeholders across the spectrum of respiratory care, including clinicians, researchers, health informaticists and administrators to explore and recommend a potential scope, approach and governance structure for this important project. The Pan-Canadian REspiratory STandards INitiative for Electronic Health Records (PRESTINE) goal is to recommend respiratory data elements and standards for use in electronic medical records across Canada that meet the needs of providers, administrators, researchers and policy makers to facilitate evidence-based clinical care, monitoring, surveillance, benchmarking and policy development. The focus initially is expected to include asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary function standards elements that are applicable to many respiratory conditions. The present article summarizes the process and findings of the forum deliberations.

Lougheed, M Diane; Minard, Janice; Dworkin, Shari; Juurlink, Mary-Ann; Temple, Walley J; To, Teresa; Koehn, Marc; Van Dam, Anne; Boulet, Louis-Philippe

2012-01-01

347

A Report of the Canadian Consultative Council on Multiculturalism 1977. Rapport du Conseil Consultatif Canadien du Multiculturalisme 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In its capacity as an advisory body to the Canadian Minister of State for Multiculturalism, the Canadian Consultative Council on Multiculturalism prepared this report, written in English and French, in order to compare the government's policy of multiculturalism with its realization in practice. The work was conducted through five standing…

Canadian Consultative Council on Multiculturalism, Ottawa (Ontario).

348

Extending Current Theories of Cross-Boundary Information Sharing and Integration: A Case Study of Taiwan e-Government  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information sharing and integration has long been considered an important approach for increasing organizational efficiency and performance. With advancements in information and communication technologies, sharing and integrating information across organizations becomes more attractive and practical to organizations. However, achieving…

Yang, Tung-Mou

2011-01-01

349

Corporate Governance and Quality of Financial Information on the Prediction Power of Financial Distress of Listed Companies in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper performs an empirical investigation on the relationship among the possibility of financial distress, firm performance, corporation governance, default tests, and macroeconomic environment using the companies listed on the Taiwan Stock Exchange (TSEC) and the financial distress events took place between 1997 and 2005. The sampling is formed according to the industry-matched and size-matched principle. The study built up

Yang-Cheng Lu

350

Beneficiary Cost Sharing Under Canadian Provincial Prescription Drug Benefit Programs: History and Assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federal legislation outlined in the Medical Care Act of 1965 and the Canada Health Act of 1984 stipulates that Canadian provincial governments are to administer insurance programs for medically necessary services provided by hospitals and physicians. The legislation did not mandate provincial government coverage for prescription drugs taken outside of the hospital. Each province has, however, provided coverage to seniors

P Grootendorst

1999-01-01

351

2002 Census of Governments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Administered by the United Census Bureau at five-year intervals since 1957, the Census of Governments is one of the most important sources of information about the varied types of governmental units across the entire country. Released in December 2002, this 105-page document contains the official counts of the number of state and local governments, along with tabulations of governments by state, type of government, size, and county location. Persons hoping to utilize data contained within the report will want to read the introduction to the report first, as it offers information about the nature of the tables and where to look for specific details, such as where to find data on public school systems, special district governments, and general-purpose governments. Those persons looking to document the change in the number of governmental units over the past five decades will want to look at the tables detailing the change in local governments by state from 1952 to 2002. Overall, this is an important resource for those individuals in the field of public policy or government.

2002-01-01

352

Cardiovascular risk factors in a French-Canadian population: resolution of genetic and familial environmental effects on blood pressure by using extensive information on environmental correlates.  

PubMed Central

Genetic and environmental influences on systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and mean arterial blood pressure (MBP) were examined in 371 French-Canadian families by using path analysis. Familial environment was estimated with environmental indices constructed from as many as 14 (of a pool of more than 100) correlates of blood pressure (BP). Approximately 20% of the variance in BP can be accounted for by the composite index, and the types of variables and the direction of their effects vary as a function of age and of the multivariate context. Path analysis of the family data suggests that genetic heritability is relatively high in children (from 0.49 for SBP to 0.56 for MBP) but much smaller in adults (from 0.08 for DBP to 0.18 for SBP). The proportion of variability explained by familial environment is estimated to be the same in children and adults and is much higher than reported to date (from 0.30 for SBP to 0.42 for DBP). In addition, sibships share significant nontransmitted environmental effects, and there is no evidence to suggest specific maternal effects in the aggregation of BP. Two unique findings emerge from this study. First, unlike in most earlier studies, we were able to arrive at the same parsimonious model for each of the BP variables. Second, the familial environment accounts for a substantial proportion of the variability in BP, which has been considerably underestimated in earlier studies.

Perusse, L; Rice, T; Bouchard, C; Vogler, G P; Rao, D C

1989-01-01

353

From Government to Governance: Implications for Social Work Administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The way in which our society governs itself has undergone a quiet revolution over the last two decades. Society is in the midst of a paradigm shift from what is known as a “government” paradigm to what is being called a “governance” paradigm. This article seeks to inform social work administrators about the importance of the shift. First, some background

Kathryn A. Frahm; Lawrence L. Martin

2009-01-01

354

The Canadian longitudinal study on aging (CLSA).  

PubMed

ABSTRACTCanadians are living longer, and older persons are making up a larger share of the population (14% in 2006, projected to rise to 20% by 2021). The Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) is a national longitudinal study of adult development and aging that will recruit 50,000 Canadians aged 45 to 85 years of age and follow them for at least 20 years. All participants will provide a common set of information concerning many aspects of health and aging, and 30,000 will undergo an additional in-depth examination coupled with the donation of biological specimens (blood and urine). The CLSA will become a rich data source for the study of the complex interrelationship among the biological, physical, psychosocial, and societal factors that affect healthy aging. PMID:19860977

Raina, Parminder S; Wolfson, Christina; Kirkland, Susan A; Griffith, Lauren E; Oremus, Mark; Patterson, Christopher; Tuokko, Holly; Penning, Margaret; Balion, Cynthia M; Hogan, David; Wister, Andrew; Payette, Hélène; Shannon, Harry; Brazil, Kevin

2009-09-01

355

Employment and Urban Native Canadians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measured differences in employment issues between native Canadian Indians and a nonnative comparison group in Toronto. Given similar circumstances, found Native Canadians less formally educated and skill trained than nonnatives of comparable age, sex, and education. Respondents under 25 and over 50 earned substantially less. (Author)

Abrahams-Maclachlan, Caryl; And Others

1982-01-01

356

Canadian Evacuation and Nisei Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Japanese Canadians were interviewed to determine the effect of World War II evacuation on their ethnic identity. Older respondents deemphasized issues related to evacuation when discussing their ethnic identity. Younger Japanese Canadians are aware of this "cloud" as part of their ethnic heritage but are unaware of its exact origin. (MK)

Makabe, Tomoko

1980-01-01

357

A Canadian spaceborne hyperspectral mission  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing use of research and operational airborne hyperspectral imaging systems such as AVIRIS and CASI is establishing the characteristics of an emerging market for imaging spectrometer data. Hyperspectral data are beginning to be used for a wide range of applications in environmental and resource management. The Canadian Space Agency, in close partnership with Canadian industry, is developing technologies and

Gordon W Jolly; Neil Rowlands; Karl Staenz; Allan Hollinger

2002-01-01

358

The Americanization of Canadian Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on Canadian education. As Canada is merging more and more into a new borderless North American economy, Canada is adopting American-style individualism, entrepreneurialism, and undergoing corporate interest in its schools. Negative implications for Canadian education include…

Barlow, Maude; Robertson, Heather-jane

1997-01-01

359

Past Fame, Present Frames and Future Flagship? An Exploration of How Health is Positioned in Canadian Foreign Policy  

PubMed Central

Canada has been regarded as a model global citizen with firm commitments to multilateralism. It has also played important roles in several international health treaties and conventions in recent years. There are now concerns that its interests in health as a foreign policy goal may be diminishing. This article reports on a thematic analysis of key Canadian foreign policy statements issued over the past decade, and interviews with key informants knowledgeable of, or experienced in the interstices of Canadian health and foreign policy. It finds that health is primarily and increasingly framed in relation to national security and economic interests. Little attention has been given to human rights obligations relevant to health as a foreign policy issue, and global health is not seen as a priority of the present government. Global health is nonetheless regarded as something with which Canadian foreign policy must engage, if only because of Canada’s membership in many United Nations and other multilateral fora. Development of a single global health strategy or framework is seen as important to improve intersectoral cooperation on health issues, and foreign policy coherence. There remains a cautious optimism that health could become the base from which Canada reasserts its internationalist status.

Labonte, Ronald; Runnels, Vivien; Gagnon, Michelle

2014-01-01

360

Renewing governance.  

PubMed

Globalization's profound influence on social and political institutions need not be negative. Critics of globalization have often referred to the "Impossible Trinity" because decision-making must 1. respect national sovereignty, 2. develop and implement firm regulation, and 3. allow capital markets to be as free as possible. To many, such goals are mutually exclusive because history conditions us to view policy-making and governance in traditional molds. Thus, transnational governance merely appears impossible because current forms of governance were not designed to provide it. The world needs new tools for governing, and its citizens must seize the opportunity to help develop them. The rise of a global society requires a greater level of generality and inclusion than is found in most policy bodies today. Politicians need to re-examine key assumptions about government. States must develop ways to discharge their regulatory responsibilities across borders and collaborate with neighboring jurisdictions, multilateral bodies, and business. Concepts such as multilateralism and tripartism show great promise. Governments must engage civil society in the spirit of shared responsibility and democratic decision-making. Such changes will result in a renewal of the state's purpose and better use of international resources and expertise in governance. PMID:17208717

Loos, Gregory P

2003-01-01

361

Electronic Government and Electronic Civics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electronic government and electronic civics embrace a wide range of topics. Electronic government and electronic civics include in their purview the development, use, and implications of new practices, processes, forms and interests in government and civic life occasioned by the Internet, World Wide Web and related information and communication technologies. They are concerned with individuals and the groups they form

Jane E. Fountain

2003-01-01

362

In Search of Canadian Materials. Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as an aid to the selection of Canadian materials for the school library, this annotated bibliography supplements a 1978 listing of items by or about Canadians. Major subdivisions of the work include a reference materials section as well as sections by subject category: language and literature, Canadian history, Canadian studies, the arts,…

Tonn, Patricia, Comp.

363

Presenting Canadian Values in LINC: The Roles of Textbooks and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 63 employees in LINC programs in Ontario, British Columbia, and Alberta Indicated that the mandate of LINC to incorporate information on "Canadian values" remains partly unfulfilled. Although professionally trained ESL instructors may be equipped to incorporate Canadian values into the content of classroom instruction, those who lack…

Thomson, Ron I.; Derwing, Tracey M.

2004-01-01

364

Canadian Medical Education Statistics, 1980/81 = Statistiques Relatives a l'enseignement Medical au Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data for 1980-1981 pertaining to medical education in Canada are presented. Information about Canadian medical schools, population of Canada by province and distribution of medical school openings, tuition, payment scales for post-M.D. clinical trainees, clinical clerkship stipends, and numbers of Canadian medical schools offering instruction in…

Association of Canadian Medical Colleges, Ottawa (Ontario).

365

47 CFR 0.442 - Disclosure to other Federal government agencies of information submitted to the Commission in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...information submitted to the Commission in confidence. 0.442 Section 0.442 Telecommunication...information submitted to the Commission in confidence. (a) The disclosure of records...Act. The acceptance of materials in confidence under § 0.457 or § 0.459,...

2013-10-01

366

The Effect of Corporate Governance on Quality of Information Disclosure : :: :Evidence from Treasury Stock Announcement in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to provide investing reference for judging whether the information disclosure is true or not, this paper investigates the effect of corporate gov ernance on quality of information disclosure with a n example of the third-purpose treasury stock announc ement in Taiwan. With a sample of the listed companies that made the first treasury stock announ cement between 2000

Yue-Fang Wen

367

The Canadian Conference for Fisheries Research and the Society of Canadian Limnologists  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canadian Conference for Fisheries Research (CCFFR) has met annually for more than 50 years, and continues to convene every "January in concert with the Society of Canadian Limnologists (SCL). The conference is a forum where researchers and graduate students can present and discuss the latest advances in freshwater and marine fisheries research." The CCFFR website, hosted by the Oceanography Department at Dalhousie University, presents registration materials for the upcoming 2005 meeting in Windsor, as well as downloadable programme information and abstracts from a number of past conferences. Major themes for the upcoming conference include Fisheries Policy and Protection of Native Fishes; Climate Change, Fisheries, and Aquatic Resources; Aquatic Invasive Species; and Aquatic Species at Risk Research-to name a few. The site also links to a brief history of CCFFR, as well as to information about the Clemens-Rigler Graduate Student Travel Fund, and the SCL.

368

Collaborative Approaches to Building a Canadian Spatial Data Infrastructure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Canadian federal and provincial government organisations have long been engaged in building and maintaining extensive collections of digital topographic mapping datasets, road network files and property mapping databases in support of their own respective mandates and obligations. Beginning in the mid-1980s, cooperative spatial data- sharing and cost-sharing arrangements at both the federal and federal-provincial levels were developed in support

David J. Coleman

1999-01-01

369

The Canadian Eating Disorder Program Survey - Exploring Intensive Treatment Programs for Youth with Eating Disorders  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore and describe philosophies and characteristics of intensive eating disorder (ED) treatment programs based in tertiary care institutions across Canada. Method: A ninety-item survey examining ED services for adolescents was developed, piloted, and completed by 11 programs across Canada. Information pertaining to program characteristics and components, governance, staffing, referrals, assessments, therapeutic modalities in place, nutritional practices, and treatment protocols were collected. Results: The results highlight the diversity of programming available but also the lack of a unified approach to intensive eating disorder treatment in youth. Conclusions: This report provides important baseline data that offers a framework that programs can use to come together to establish assessment and treatment protocols as well as a process for outcome evaluation. Continued collaboration will be essential moving forward to ensure Canadian youth, regardless of geographic location, receive the necessary treatment required to attain and sustain recovery.

Norris, Mark; Strike, Melanie; Pinhas, Leora; Gomez, Rebecca; Elliott, April; Ferguson, Patricia; Gusella, Joanne

2013-01-01

370

Canadian Association of Physicists (CAP) -- Art of Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canadian Association of Physicists (CAP) Art of Physics is a photography competition aimed to stimulate interest in physics. Information provided by the photographer presents the physics of each image. Unfortunately this information is not available for the 2004-2005 competition (only thumbnails are shown), but archives contain the full-size image and background information from previous years' competitions. The site also provides contest rules, entry forms, and prize information.

2009-12-10

371

Canadian Architect and Builder Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Its third phase now complete, this online project produced for the Canadian Digital Collections Program has been much improved and now constitutes a fine resource for architects, architecture students, historians, curators, building restorers, and others. The Canadian Architect and Builder was the first Canadian architecture periodical, published between 1888 and 1908. At the site, visitors can browse digital page images of the journal's full run, indexed by volume and issue. A keyword and advanced search are also available, the latter including options for author, title, document type, and volumes. On the whole, the page images are of very good quality and easily navigated.

372

“There's what's on Paper and then there's What Happens, out on the Sidewalk”: Cannabis Users Knowledge and Opinions of Canadian Drug Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the knowledge and opinions of cannabis users regarding Canadian laws regulating possession of cannabis. Our study is based on data from 165 in-depth interviews with adult cannabis users from four Canadian cities. Our participants revealed a limited awareness of cannabis policy in Canada. When researchers informed them about actual Canadian laws, the majority of participants regarded the

Serge Brochu; Cameron Duff; Mark Asbridge; Patricia Gail Erickson

2011-01-01

373

South African Government Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past few years, more and more national governments have aggressively sought to establish a highly visible presence on the Internet. South Africa's official government site combines pertinent information about elected officials with important documents and general information about the country. From the homepage, visitors can learn about the current president, Mr. Thabo Mbeki, and browse through an archive of his speeches and press releases. Also on the homepage are sections that explain South Africa's provincial and local units of governance, along with providing some basic information about the country taken from the most recent edition of the South Africa Yearbook. Those interested in international policy affairs will want to be certain to browse through the Key Issues section of the site as it contains materials on various national initiatives and programs, such as the country's partnership against HIV and AIDS, its recent growth and development summit, and its partnerships with other African nations.

374

Canadian Pacific Railway Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canadian Pacific Railway collection provides access to over 1500 images documenting the company's activities all around British Columbia from the 1880s to the 1950s. The pictures portray railway stations both urban and rural, along with images of workers, buildings, hotels, ships, and yards that were part of the railroad's vast empire. Visitors can click on the Collection area to get started and the search function is another good way to focus in on items of interest. Within the History tab is an elegant and well-developed essay on the company, complete with illustrative images while the Photographers section provides great insight into who exactly took these pictures. And, of course, casual users may just wish to click on the Gallery to get a sampling of the works that make up this archive.

2005-01-01

375

Government Regulatory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Government regulation of food products, food processing, and food preparation is imperative in bringing an unadulterated, nonmisleading, and safe food product to market and is relevant to all areas of food science, including engineering, processing, chemistry, and microbiology. The liability associated with providing consumers with an adulterated or substandard product cannot only tarnish a company's name and reputation, but also impose substantial financial repercussions on the company and those individuals who play an active role in the violation. In order for a company to fully comply with the relevant food laws (both federal and state), an intimate knowledge of food science is required. Individuals knowledgeable in food science play an integral role not only in implementing and counseling food companies/processors to ensure compliance with government regulations, but these individuals are also necessary to the state and federal governments that make and enforce the relevant laws and regulators.

Becker, Katie

376

Resources for Teaching Virginia Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource notebook contains information and unit planning ideas for teachers, class activities, and student materials that can be used for teaching a 12th grade course about Virginia state and local governments. Section A features: (1) information about how to use these materials and how to find time to teach about Virginia government; (2) a…

Snook, Helen B.

377

Center for Technology in Government  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for Technology in Government (CTG) works with government to develop information strategies that foster innovation and enhance the quality and coordination of public services. We conduct applied research and partnership projects on the policy, management, and technology issues surrounding information use in the public sector.

378

The abortion battle: the Canadian scene.  

PubMed

In January 1988 the Supreme Court of Canada struck down the country's archaic abortion law on the ground that it imposed arbitrary delays and unfair disparities in access to abortion across the country. Since then, the conservative government of Canada has made a few attempts to introduce a new abortion policy, but it did not get passed in the parliament because the revised bills failed to protect women's right to 'life, liberty, and security of the person' within the meaning of the Canadian Charter. Canada has been without an abortion law for over four years and there has been a wide range of provincial policies and confusion in the country. Despite the legal vacuum, Canadian women are not frenziedly having abortions. However, the militancy of the anti-abortion groups has steadily intensified with continued assault on a woman's right to make reproductive choices. Since no law, short of banning abortions altogether, is going to satisfy abortion opponents, the abortion battle will rage on in Canada. PMID:8065237

Sachdev, P

1994-01-01

379

A Community Jury on PSA screening: what do well-informed men want the government to do about prostate cancer screening--a qualitative analysis  

PubMed Central

Objective Cancer screening policies and programmes should take account of public values and concerns. This study sought to determine the priorities, values and concerns of men who were ‘fully informed’ about the benefits and harms of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening; and empirically examine the value of a community jury in eliciting public values on PSA screening. Setting Community jury was convened on the Gold Coast, Queensland (Australia) to consider PSA screening benefits and harms, and whether government campaigns on PSA screening should be conducted. Participants 27 men (volunteers) aged 50–70 with no personal history of prostate cancer and willing to attend jury 6–7 April 2013: 12 were randomly allocated to jury (11 attended). Outcome measures A qualitative analysis was conducted of the jury deliberations (audio-recorded and transcribed) to elicit the jury's views and recommendations. A survey determined the impact of the jury process on participants’ individual testing decisions compared with control group. Results The jury concluded governments should not invest in programmes focused on PSA screening directed at the public because the PSA test did not offer sufficient reassurance or benefit and could raise unnecessary alarm. It recommended an alternative programme to support general practitioners to provide patients with better quality and more consistent information about PSA screening. After the jury, participants were less likely to be tested in the future compared with the controls, but around half said they would still consider doing so. Conclusions The jury's unanimous verdict about government programmes was notable in the light of their divergent views on whether or not they would be screened themselves in the future. Community juries provide valuable insights into the priorities and concerns of men weighing up the benefits and harms of PSA screening. It will be important to assess the degree to which the findings are generalisable to other settings.

Rychetnik, Lucie; Doust, Jenny; Thomas, Rae; Gardiner, Robert; MacKenzie, Geraldine; Glasziou, Paul

2014-01-01

380

Government Master Address File and Government Units Survey: What We Have Learned and Implemented.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Governments Division of the U.S. Census Bureau is responsible for maintaining a universe of state and local governments. This maintenance process involves tracking changes in the existence status of government units, maintaining current contact inform...

D. Coaxum R. Reeder

2012-01-01

381

Economic security in an aging Canadian population.  

PubMed

Recent research indicates that today's retirees are doing very well in terms of their replacement ratios and that Canadian poverty rates among the elderly are low relative to other Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. Government-sponsored plans have been strengthened either through explicit expansion - for example, the Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) - or through the reform of the Canada/Quebec Pension Plans (C/QPP). Also important is the maturation of employer-sponsored pension plans, although coverage rates are down. Future generations of retirees may not achieve the standard of living that exists today, however, which is a concern. The author argues that today's economic security programs are affordable and that their costs could be stabilized if the retirement age were raised. PMID:21914240

Brown, Robert L

2011-09-01

382

Canadian Micro-Mineral Association: ALKALI - NUTS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website, created by the Canadian Micro-Mineral Association, furnishes information on the minerals and environments near Mont Saint-Hilaire (MSH) in Quebec, Canada. Students and educators can discover the physical characteristics, fluorescence, and the distribution and rarity of the hundreds of species of minerals found around MSH. Each description includes helpful images of the amazing minerals and environments. Users can learn about the two classification systems: Dana and Strunz. The site presents MSH-related current news, articles, and announcements. Users can also discover the meaning and origin of the term, ALKALI-NUTS.

383

Canadian Climate Impacts and Adaptation Research Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is an excellent place to find resources and literature about Canadian climate changes. It is probably easiest to browse the listed topics for the national database; however, keyword searches are required to search any of the four other databases. Categories span nearly everything related to climate change, including agriculture, drought, erosion, forests, ice cover, precipitation, and species distribution, to name just a few. Search results contain basic information about the source (e.g., authors, abstract, etc.), and some have links to full text of research papers and journal articles.

384

E-Government and E-Governance: Definitions\\/Domain Framework and Status around the World  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 ABSTRACT E-government refers to the delivery of national or local government information and services via the Internet or other digital means to citizens or businesses or other governmental agencies. E-government is a one-stop Internet gateway to major government services. E-government facilitates provision of relevant government information in electronic form to the citizens in a timely manner; better service delivery

Shailendra C. Jain Palvia; Sushil S. Sharma

385

Practice Governance 101, v. 2013.  

PubMed

Consensus governance is a principal weakness leading to group malfunction and failure. Inadequate group governance produces inadequate decisions, leading to inconsistent patient care, inadequate responses to marketplace challenges, and disregard for customers and strategic partners. The effectiveness of consensus management is limited by the pervasive incomplete knowledge and personal biases of partners. Additional structural weaknesses of group behavior include information cascade, the wisdom of the crowd, groupthink, pluralistic ignorance, analysis paralysis, peer pressure, and the herding instinct. Usual corporate governance is, by necessity, the governance model of choice. Full accountability of the decider(s) is the defining requirement of all successful governance models. PMID:23571058

Hayes, David F

2013-03-01

386

e-government... not e-governance... not e-democracy not now!: not ever?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The argument that I offer in this paper, supported by literature and empirical evidence, is that e-government is just that -- electronic government -- and little more. I define e-government as the delivery by alternate, electronic means of governmental information and services 24\\/7\\/365. It is government to citizen (G2C), government to government (G2B) and government to business (G2G). It is

Donald F. Norris; Circle Baltimore

2010-01-01

387

Doctoral Education and the Workings of Canadian Graduate Schools: A Differentiated Tier within Canadian Universities Facing the Challenges of Tension-Driven Functions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a short historical background to Canadian doctoral education, the author addresses the differentiation laws, internal (between undergraduate and graduate studies) and external (strong concentration within a limited number of universities) to institutions, which govern all of North American graduate and doctoral studies. He then details…

Maheu, Louis

2008-01-01

388

Going Back to Civvy Street: A historical account of the impact of the Everest and Jennings wheelchair for Canadian World War II veterans with spinal cord injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

In February 1945, the Canadian government agreed to provide the Everest and Jennings folding, self-propelled wheelchair to all World War II veterans with spinal cord injury. These wheelchairs replaced wooden and wicker invalid wheelchairs that were usually assigned to hospital wards rather than to individuals. Veterans with spinal cord injury were among the first group of Canadians to use these

MARY TREMBLAY

1996-01-01

389

Appraisal Research of the Government Achievements Based on Electronic Government Affairs Angle  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper through analysis to research condition of the electron government affairs of the information society, has proven the feasibility and the necessity of the government achievements appraisal based on the electronic government affairs angle. After the theoretical analysis, the paper used the fuzzy synthesis appraisal method to carry on government achievements appraisal based on the electronic government affairs angle,

Xia Bin Pan Bin; Pan Bin

2007-01-01

390

A Report on Canadian School-Related Museum Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to help people in museum education better understand what museums are doing, this study examines school-related youth education in Canadian museums and implications for the relationship between museums and the public education system. The major sources of information are interviews, visits to institutions, and responses to questionnaires…

Herbert, Mary

391

Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools and Canadian Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this dissertation was to compare Canadian community colleges with post-secondary vocational schools in Poland. The comparison concentrated upon programs in nursing, tourism and information technology delivered by the following three Polish schools Krakowska Szkola Medyczna, (Cracow, Poland), Policealne Studium Zawodowe, (Cracow,…

Butler, Norman L.

2005-01-01

392

The Visualization of the Citation Patterns of Some Canadian Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to easily see the citation patterns of a journal or subject area it is very useful to use a graphical diagram to visualize all the connections between journals. Using data from derived from the Journal Citation Reports, this study investigates the citation patterns of three Canadian Journals in three subject areas: library and information science, psychology and mathematics.

Michael J. Nelson

393

Tenure Troubles and Equity Matters in Canadian Academe  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this article is the tenure review process in Canadian universities, a rigorous and high-stakes evaluation of junior academics that serves as a prime exemplar of "disciplining academics", our project's title. In-depth interviews in seven Ontario universities with 30 knowledgeable informants such as senior managers and faculty…

Acker, Sandra; Webber, Michelle; Smyth, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

394

A Description of Sexual Offending Committed by Canadian Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this investigation was to describe teachers who sexually offend against youth and the circumstances related to these offenses. Archival Violent Crime Linkage Analysis System reports were obtained from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, and demographic and criminal characteristics for the offender, as well as information about the victim…

Moulden, Heather M.; Firestone, Philip; Kingston, Drew A.; Wexler, Audrey F.

2010-01-01

395

Entrepreneurialism for Canadian Principals: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the various elements of Canadian educational entrepreneurialism as manifested yesterday, today, and tomorrow and in relation to the social and political influences of the time. This discussion is informed by the findings of the International Study of the Preparation of Principals (ISPP) and represents an expansion of the…

Scott, Shelleyann; Webber, Charles F.

2013-01-01

396

Government in the Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue begins with information on new economic education curriculum materials and includes a conceptual introduction to the relationship between local government and the economy. Following this, four instructional units are provided. The first unit, called "Communities Need Rules," is intended for preschool and kindergarten children. Students…

Curran, Donald J.; And Others

1985-01-01

397

In Brief: Open government  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

U.S. President Barack Obama's Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government requires federal agencies to take steps toward increased transparency, public participation, and collaboration. Agencies are accepting suggestions until 19 March 2010. For more information, visit http://www.whitehouse.gov/open and http://www.usa.gov/webcontent/open/tool_poc.shtml.

Showstack, Randy

2010-03-01

398

Bidi and Hookah Use Among Canadian Youth: Findings From the 2010 Canadian Youth Smoking Survey  

PubMed Central

Introduction Although cigarette use among Canadian youth has decreased significantly in recent years, alternative forms of tobacco use are becoming increasingly popular. Surveillance of youth tobacco use can help inform prevention programs by monitoring trends in risk behaviors. We examined the prevalence of bidi and hookah use and factors associated with their use among Canadian youth by using data from the 2010–2011 Youth Smoking Survey (YSS). Methods We analyzed YSS data from 28,416 students (2006–2007) and 31,396 students (2010–2011) in grades 9 through 12 to examine prevalence of bidi and hookah use. We conducted multivariate logistic regression analyses of 2010–2011 YSS data to examine factors associated with bidi and hookah use. Results From 2006 through 2010, prevalence of hookah use among Canadian youth increased by 6% (P = .02). Marijuana use emerged as a consistent predictor of bidi and hookah use. Males, youth of black, Latin, or other descent, and youth of Asian descent were more likely to use bidis (odds ratio [OR], 1.5; OR, 15.6; OR, 14.9) or hookah (OR, 1.3; OR, 2.4; OR, 1.5). Current cigarette smokers were more likely than nonsmokers to be current users of bidis (OR, 6.7) and hookahs (OR, 3.0), and occasional and frequent alcohol drinkers were also more likely than nondrinkers to be current hookah users (OR, 2.8; OR, 3.6). Conclusion Although bidi use has not changed significantly among Canadian youth, the increase in hookah use warrants attention. Understanding the factors associated with use of bidis and hookahs can inform the development of tobacco use prevention programs to address emerging at-risk youth populations.

Czoli, Christine D; Rynard, Vicki

2013-01-01

399

The Government's Response  

Cancer.gov

Congress directed government health agencies to investigate the I-131 problem many years ago, and to make recommendations to Americans who might have related health risks. Gathering information turned out to be very complicated. Record-keeping was incomplete at the time of the bomb testing. Much of the information needed to calculate an individual's dose of I-131 and associated risk is either unreliable or unavailable.

400

Core Competencies in Natural Health Products for Canadian Pharmacy Students  

PubMed Central

Objective To reach consensus on core competency statements for natural health products (NHPs) for Canadian pharmacy students. Methods Four rounds of a modified Delphi method were used to achieve consensus on core competency statements for NHPs. Pharmacy educators from Canada and the United States, and representatives from Canadian pharmacy organizations ranked their agreement using a 5-point Likert scale. Results Consensus was achieved on 3 NHP-related core competency statements: (1) to incorporate NHP knowledge when providing pharmaceutical care; (2) to access and critically appraise NHP-related information sources; and (3) to provide appropriate education to patients and other health care providers on the effectiveness, potential adverse effects, and drug interactions of NHPs. Conclusions Consensus was reached among leaders in NHP education on 3 NHP-related core competency statements. Implementation of these competencies would ensure that graduating Canadian pharmacists would be able to fulfill their professional responsibilities related to NHPs.

Byrne, Ani; Austin, Zubin; Jurgens, Tannis; Raman-Wilms, Lalitha

2010-01-01

401

Animals in Canadian Children's Books (Livres Canadiens sur les Animaux pour les Jeunes).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

French and English annotations for each of the 41 Canadian children's books that involve animals are provided in this bibliography; books listed are in English or French, with some bilingual items, including one in English and Ojibwa. Bibliographic inform...

I. E. Aubrey

1978-01-01

402

Statistical Agencies: A Comparison of the U.S. and Canadian Statistical Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Congressional consideration of proposals to consolidate some or all of the agencies comprising the federal statistical system has drawn attention to the centralized Canadian statistical system. This report responds to the request for the information on th...

1996-01-01

403

Native Canadians relocating for renal dialysis. Psychosocial and cultural issues.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of relocation from remote Native communities for dialysis treatment and explore the receptiveness of patients, caregivers, and their communities to establishing a local satellite dialysis unit. Second, to examine the methodological issues inherent in a qualitative, cross-cultural study. DESIGN: Qualitative descriptive survey using semistructured interviews. SETTING: The Moose Factory Zone (MFZ), situated along the west coast of James Bay in northern Ontario, is one of four geographically defined areas of responsibility within Ontario through which the federal government provides health care services to Native Canadians. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four Native residents of MFZ selected by volunteer and nominative sampling techniques. Patients with end-stage or prefailure renal disease, informal caregivers and supporters, professional caregivers, and community spokespersons were included in the study population. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Identification of issues important in planning dialysis services for Native patients in remote communities in the MFZ. RESULTS: Informal caregivers and both categories of patients supported in principle a proposed satellite dialysis unit at Moose Factory General Hospital. Their criticisms of the present system necessitating relocation to urban centres included inadequate social support, inconvenience and expense, and family separation. Professional caregivers generally supported establishing a local dialysis unit but had concerns regarding staff training and continuity of care. Community spokespersons also supported the proposed unit but only if quality of care could be ensured. CONCLUSIONS: Relocation for dialysis treatment disrupts social support patterns and creates psychosocial problems. Although the psychosocial advantages of providing dialysis treatment services close to home are readily apparent, other considerations, such as cost, equipment, and expertise, and training of health care personnel, make the provision of tertiary level care more difficult in isolated areas. Additional study is required to determine the impact of methodological issues inherent in qualitative cross-cultural studies such as this.

Wilson, R.; Krefting, L.; Sutcliffe, P.; Van Bussel, L.

1994-01-01

404

Strong Student Governments...and Their Advisement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ideal student government and the ideal student government adviser were discussed by advisers who met at the NACA National Student Government Workshop. Key issues in a strong student government are described including information, access, mutual respect, and institutional impact. (MLW)

Boatman, Sara

1988-01-01

405

Integration in primary community care networks (PCCNs): examination of governance, clinical, marketing, financial, and information infrastructures in a national demonstration project in Taiwan  

PubMed Central

Background Taiwan's primary community care network (PCCN) demonstration project, funded by the Bureau of National Health Insurance on March 2003, was established to discourage hospital shopping behavior of people and drive the traditional fragmented health care providers into cooperate care models. Between 2003 and 2005, 268 PCCNs were established. This study profiled the individual members in the PCCNs to study the nature and extent to which their network infrastructures have been integrated among the members (clinics and hospitals) within individual PCCNs. Methods The thorough questionnaire items, covering the network working infrastructures – governance, clinical, marketing, financial, and information integration in PCCNs, were developed with validity and reliability confirmed. One thousand five hundred and fifty-seven clinics that had belonged to PCCNs for more than one year, based on the 2003–2005 Taiwan Primary Community Care Network List, were surveyed by mail. Nine hundred and twenty-eight clinic members responded to the surveys giving a 59.6 % response rate. Results Overall, the PCCNs' members had higher involvement in the governance infrastructure, which was usually viewed as the most important for establishment of core values in PCCNs' organization design and management at the early integration stage. In addition, it found that there existed a higher extent of integration of clinical, marketing, and information infrastructures among the hospital-clinic member relationship than those among clinic members within individual PCCNs. The financial infrastructure was shown the least integrated relative to other functional infrastructures at the early stage of PCCN formation. Conclusion There was still room for better integrated partnerships, as evidenced by the great variety of relationships and differences in extent of integration in this study. In addition to provide how the network members have done for their initial work at the early stage of network forming in this study, the detailed surveyed items, the concepts proposed by the managerial and theoretical professionals, could be a guide for those health care providers who have willingness to turn their business into multi-organizations.

Lin, Blossom Yen-Ju

2007-01-01

406

Pan-Canadian Study of Reading Volumes  

Cancer.gov

Pan Pan - -Canadian Study of Canadian Study of Reading Volumes Reading Volumes Andrew J. Coldman Diane Major Gregory Doyle Yulia D’yachkova Norm Phillips Jay Onysko Rene Shumak Norah Smith Nancy Wadden Measuring Radiologist Skill Measuring Radiologist

407

Economic effects of reduced forest growth on the United States' forest economy and on Canadian-US lumber trade  

SciTech Connect

Reductions in tree growth rates may be related to increases in acid deposition and other man-made air pollutants over the last three decades. We review the evidence regarding reductions in forest growth and, using economic theory, show how physical changes can impact the production and purchasing decisions of buyers and sellers in timber and primary wood product markets. We then show how standard willingness-to-pay principles can be used to place monetary values on the physical damages caused by air pollution. In the second part of the study, we describe how information about changes in tree growth can be used in conjunction with existing inventory projection and timber market models to simulate the potential economic effects of acid deposition/air pollution in the United States. Two sets of simulations are conducted. The final part of the study presents the results of the simulations, quantifying the potential economic effects of acid deposition in the United States and to a limited extent, Canada. Estimates of the effects of reduced tree growth on the welfare of timber owners and the buyers and sellers of lumber and plywood in the United States are presented, along with information about changes in the welfare of lumber producers in Canada. Results suggest that if increases in Canadian stumpage fees (as a government response to transboundary pollution damage) are not too great, Canadian lumber producers and exporters may actually earn higher profits because of increased demand from the United States for Canadian lumber exports. 16 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

Callaway, J.M.; Darwin, R.F.; Nesse, R.J.

1986-08-01

408

Canadian oilsands, heavy oil adjusting to tough economics  

SciTech Connect

Canadian oilsands and heavy oil operators are using operational upgrades and substantial research outlays as key weapons against an economic squeeze brought about largely by volatile oil prices. The Canadian Oilsands Network for Research and Development (Conrad) was formed late last year to coordinate nonproprietary research on oilsands technology among industry, government, and academic centers. The Alberta Oilsands Technology and Research Authority (Aostra), now part of Alberta's energy department, also is active with a number of industry partners in oilsands and heavy oil research. Aostra has made significant gains in demonstration projects. The paper discusses upgrader problems, key ingredients to improving operations and development of new technology, syncrude operations, cost, environmental upgrading, Imperials' heavy oil operation at Cold Lake, Shell's operation at Peace River and Amoco operations in Canada.

Not Available

1994-07-11

409

The Canada -- U.S. Softwood Lumber Agreement of 2006: The Experience of the Western Canadian Industry under the Softwood Lumber Agreement of 2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

On April 11, 2007, the Western Centre for Economic Research organized and hosted a CN Canada-U.S. Trade Forum on the Canada-U.S. Softwood Lumber Agreement of 2006 at the School of Business, University of Alberta, Edmonton. The Forum brought together former Canadian and U.S. federal government softwood lumber negotiators, representatives of the Western Canadian softwood lumber industry, provincial government representatives, industry

Helmut Mach; Williams J. Shaw

2007-01-01

410

Canadian guidelines for chronic rhinosinusitis  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To provide a clinical summary of the Canadian clinical practice guidelines for chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) that includes recommendations relevant for family physicians. Quality of evidence Guideline authors performed a systematic literature search and drafted recommendations. Recommendations received both strength of evidence and strength of recommendation ratings. Input from external content experts was sought, as was endorsement from Canadian medical societies (Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada, Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Canadian Society of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians, and Family Physicians Airways Group of Canada). Main message Diagnosis of CRS is based on type and duration of symptoms and an objective finding of inflammation of the nasal mucosa or paranasal sinuses. Chronic rhinosinusitis is categorized based on presence or absence of nasal polyps, and this distinction leads to differences in treatment. Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps is treated with intranasal corticosteroids. Antibiotics are recommended when symptoms indicate infection (pain or purulence). For CRS without nasal polyps, intranasal corticosteroids and second-line antibiotics (ie, amoxicillin– clavulanic acid combinations or fluoroquinolones with enhanced Gram-positive activity) are recommended. Saline irrigation, oral steroids, and allergy testing might be appropriate. Failure of response should prompt consideration of alternative diagnoses and referral to an otolaryngologist. Patients undergoing endoscopic sinus surgery require postoperative treatment and follow-up. Conclusion The Canadian guidelines provide diagnosis and treatment approaches based on the current understanding of the disease and available evidence. Additionally, the guidelines provide the expert opinion of a diverse group of practice and academic experts to help guide clinicians where evidence is sparse.

Kaplan, Alan

2013-01-01

411

Government Publications: A Forgotten Treasure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on government publications for school library media specialists, notes problems, and identifies selection aids. Topics include: the "Monthly Catalog" on CD-ROM, the Superintendent of Documents Classification System, GPO bookstores and depository libraries, how to purchase and promote the use of government publications, and a…

Ekhaml, Leticia

1995-01-01

412

Electronic government: Government capability and terrorist resource  

Microsoft Academic Search

The federal government's war on terrorism has heightened understanding and appreciation of the many facets of electronic government. Electronic government is used as a resource in the war on terrorism, helping to prevent and prepare for attacks. It might also prove useful in recovering from attacks. Unfortunately, e-government itself is a likely target for terrorists. Cyber intrusions into government Web

L. Elaine Halchin

2004-01-01

413

Democratic Dams: School Governance and Habermas's Public Sphere.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The governance of Canadian schools is undergoing change. Provincial ministries of education are pursuing contradictory policy initiatives: local school boards are being consolidated to become more "efficient," and individual schools are developing school councils to become more "democratic." This paper applies Jurgen Habermas's democratic theory…

Coulter, David

1997-01-01

414

The construction of auditing expertise in measuring government performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accounting research has increasingly been concerned to investigate professional expertise. This paper contributes to this interest by examining the process by which state (or government) auditors may become recognized as possessing expertise relevant to guiding and implementing new public management reforms. We analyze this process in the Canadian province of Alberta to understand the construction of a claim to expertise,

Yves Gendron; David J. Cooper; Barbara Townley

2007-01-01

415

Climate change and water governance in Saskatchewan, Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the successes and challenges of adaptation to climate change focusing on water governance institutions in Saskatchewan, a province located in the western Canadian prairies. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A framework of vulnerability and adaptive capacity to the effects of climate change is employed. Data are obtained through qualitative research conducted through interviews

Margot Hurlbert; Harry Diaz; Darrell R. Corkal; Jim Warren

2009-01-01

416

Estimates for the Government of Canada and Other Supporting Documents  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Treasury Board of Canada has released estimates and supplementary estimates for the Canadian Government budget for 1997-1998 (Adobe Acrobat [.pdf] format only. Estimates are divided into several parts, most being provided in the Main Estimates (Blue Book) file. 1996-97 estimates are also available.

417

Privative clauses in special education legislative schemes: are they constitutional under the Canadian Charter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that privative clauses in the enabling statutes (Education Acts) governing provincially appointed special education appeal tribunals (SET) are unconstitutional under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. It is suggested that ‘final and binding’ SET decisions about children's designation as special needs and their educational placement infringe upon the Charter rights of both parent and exceptional child.

Sonja Grover

2003-01-01

418

Canadians Speak on Innovation and Learning=Les Canadiens, L'Innovation et L'Apprentissage.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication captures the thoughts, suggestions, and concerns Canadians expressed through an engagement process on behalf of the Government of Canada to animate discussion on Canada's innovation and learning challenges. The chapters provide summaries of what different groups had to say in relation to these key challenge areas and themes set…

2003

419

The 'Canadian Electric Church:' The Development of Single-faith Broadcasting in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the advent and evolution of the Canadian 'electronic church' phenomenon as well as analyzing the creation of single-faith broadcasting in Canada. It analyzes the role the federal government has played in circumscribing and directing religious broadcasting in twentieth-century Canada. Methodologically, it departs from many important studies of religion in society by adopting a cultural rather than demographic

Richard T. Brooks

2003-01-01

420

Community Dissatisfaction and School Governance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of community dissatisfaction with schools in districts experiencing labor conflicts provided information supporting modification and elaboration of the dissatisfaction theory of school governance. The theory permits predictions concerning the outcomes of school board elections under specified conditions. (PGD)

Rada, Roger D.

1984-01-01

421

Canadian Postcolonialism: Recovering British Roots  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of Postcolonial Studies is one of the academic fashions that has arisen in an attempt to amend or replace radical theories of social power since the alleged discrediting of Marxism. The Canadian case is more ambiguous. Postcolonialism, already an essentially contested concept, is especially conflicted where Canada is concerned. Canada…

Doughty, Howard A.

2005-01-01

422

Universal values of Canadian astronauts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Values are desirable, trans-situational goals, varying in importance, that guide behavior. Research has demonstrated that universal values may alter in importance as a result of major life events. The present study examines the effect of spaceflight and the demands of astronauts' job position as life circumstances that affect value priorities. We employed thematic content analysis for references to Schwartz's well-established value markers in narratives (media interviews, journals, and pre-flight interviews) of seven Canadian astronauts and compared the results to the values of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and Russian Space Agency (RKA) astronauts. Space flight did alter the level of importance of Canadian astronauts' values. We found a U-shaped pattern for the values of Achievement and Tradition before, during, and after flight, and a linear decrease in the value of Stimulation. The most frequently mentioned values were Achievement, Universalism, Security, and Self-Direction. Achievement and Self Direction are also within the top 4 values of all other astronauts; however, Universalism was significantly higher among the Canadian astronauts. Within the value hierarchy of Canadian astronauts, Security was the third most frequently mentioned value, while it is in seventh place for all other astronauts. Interestingly, the most often mentioned value marker (sub-category) in this category was Patriotism. The findings have important implications in understanding multi-national crew relations during training, flight, and reintegration into society.

Brcic, Jelena; Della-Rossa, Irina

2012-11-01

423

Geology of Canadian Arctic basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Canadian Beaufort Sea is underlain by up to 12,000 m of Upper Cretaceous to Quaternary sediments. These sediments were deposited in a series of prograding depositional complexes containing fluviodeltaic, shelf, slope, and basinal clastics. At least 10 major regional unconformities within the Upper Cretaceous to Quaternary section are recognized. The 2 most pronounced unconformities developed in late Eocene and

1985-01-01

424

The Canadian acid rain strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In November 1994, Canadian Energy and Environment Ministers announced their intention to develop a long-term domestic acid rain strategy for post-2000. The strategy would address the need for further emission reductions within Canada as well as the need for further emission reductions in the United States for those sources and pollutants that result in continuing negative impacts from acid deposition

G Fenech

1998-01-01

425

The Languages of Italian Canadians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the transplantation of dialects of Italian abroad, particularly to Canada. Argues that any discussion of the language of immigrants from Italy has to start from the premise that they brought their dialect, not Italian, to their new home. Conclusions indicate that "Italo-Canadian" shares many linguistic characteristics with popular Italian…

Vizmuller-Zocco, Jana

1995-01-01

426

Issues in Canadian Educational Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining the challenges and responsibilities facing Canadian provincial and local boards of education, this paper focuses on economic, demographic, ideological, jurisdictional, and administrative problems. Both provincial and local school boards currently face increasing financial pressure as inflation soars and taxpayers demand fiscal restraint.…

Williams, Thomas; Powell, Mava Jo

427

Retention in the Canadian Forces.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Approximately half the personnel in the Canadian Forces (CF) will have 20 years or more of service and be eligible to retire within the next three to five years. Force expansion, high operational and personnel tempo, family instability and high risk deplo...

J. D. Vass

2007-01-01

428

Canadian Statistics in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes 22 articles that address the use of Canadian statistics in the classroom. Highlights include the Statistics Canada Web site; other Web resources; original sources; critical thinking; debating with talented and gifted students; teaching marketing; environmental resources; data management; social issues and values; math instruction; reading…

School Libraries in Canada, 2002

2002-01-01

429

Eye Injuries in Canadian Racquet Sports  

PubMed Central

Racquet sports eye injuries have increased steadily in recent years. To determine the magnitude of the problem, the Canadian Ophthalmological Society (COS) Athletic Eye Injury Committee has sent questionnaires to COS members since 1976 to be completed for all racquet sports eye injuries treated. In the first year of the questionnaire 48 injuries were reported, including three legally blind eyes. From July 1978 to May 1981, 154 squash and 91 racquetball eye injuries were reported. Half the injured players required hospitalization and surgery was frequent; some players had permanent vision loss. These findings led to assessment of available eye protectors. Open-type protectors can be penetrated by balls and some closed-type protectors are not sufficiently sturdy. Steps are underway to write a Canadian standard for racquet sports eye protectors. Meanwhile the public must be informed of the danger of racquet sports eye injuries and the importance of wearing closed-type protectors. ImagesFig. 1Fig. 2Fig. 3Fig. 4Fig. 5Fig. 6

Pashby, Thomas J.; Bishop, Patrick J.; Easterbrook, W. Michael

1982-01-01

430

Canadian Post-Secondary Education: A Positive Record--An Uncertain Future. Report on Learning in Canada 2006  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report aims to inform Canadians on the extent to which Canada's post-secondary education sector is contributing to Canadians' social and economic objectives, its ability to respond to a fast-changing global environment, and how Canada's approach to higher education compares with other leading developed countries. Analysis of currently…

Canadian Council on Learning, 2006

2006-01-01

431

Canadian asthma consensus report, 1999  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: To provide physicians with current guidelines for the diagnosis and optimal management of asthma in children and adults, including pregnant women and the elderly, in office, emergency department, hospital and clinic settings. OPTIONS: The consensus group considered the roles of education, avoidance of provocative environmental and other factors, diverse pharmacotherapies, delivery devices and emergency and in-hospital management of asthma. OUTCOMES: Provision of the best control of asthma by confirmation of the diagnosis using objective measures, rapid achievement and maintenance of control and regular follow-up. EVIDENCE: The key diagnostic and therapeutic recommendations are based on the 1995 Canadian guidelines and a critical review of the literature by small groups before a full meeting of the consensus group. Recommendations are graded according to 5 levels of evidence. Differences of opinion were resolved by consensus following discussion. VALUES: Respirologists, immunoallergists, pediatricians and emergency and family physicians gave prime consideration to the achievement and maintenance of optimal control of asthma through avoidance of environmental inciters, education of patients and the lowest effective regime of pharmacotherapy to reduce morbidity and mortality. BENEFITS, HARMS AND COSTS: Adherence to the guidelines should be accompanied by significant reduction in patients' symptoms, reduced morbidity and mortality, fewer emergency and hospital admissions, fewer adverse side-effects from medications, better quality of life for patients and reduced costs. RECOMMENDATIONS: Recommendations are included in each section of the report. In summary, after a diagnosis of asthma is made based on clinical evaluation, including demonstration of variable airflow obstruction, and contributing factors are identified, a treatment plan is established to obtain and maintain optimal asthma control. The main components of treatment are patient education, environmental control, pharmacotherapy tailored to the individual and regular follow-up. VALIDATION: The recommendations were distributed to the members of the Canadian Thoracic Society Asthma and Standards Committees, as well as members of the board of the Canadian Thoracic Society. In addition, collaborating groups representing the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians, the Canadian College of Family Physicians, the Canadian Paediatric Society and the Canadian Society of Allergy and Immunology were asked to validate the recommendations. The recommendations were discussed at regional meetings throughout Canada. They were also compared with the recommendations of other similar groups in other countries. DISSEMINATION AND IMPLEMENTATION: An implementation committee has established a strategy for disseminating these guidelines to physicians, other health professionals and patients and for developing tools and means that will help integrate the recommendations into current asthma care. The plan is outlined in this report.

Boulet, L P; Becker, A; Berube, D; Beveridge, R; Ernst, P

1999-01-01

432

New Paradigms in International University/Industry/Government Cooperation. Canada-China Collaboration in Advanced Manufacturing Technologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A Chinese university and a Canadian university collaborated on an advanced manufacturing technologies project designed to address human resource development needs in China. The project featured university/industry/government partnership and attention to environmental issues. (SK)

Bulgak, Akif Asil; Liquan, He

1996-01-01

433

Practice guidelines for preventive care: the Canadian experience. Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination.  

PubMed Central

The work of the Canadian Task Force on the Periodic Health Examination is described in the historical context of its creation and of its evolution. The initial mandate of the task force is presented and the methodology it created to examine scientific information and formulate practice recommendations is reviewed. The complexity of the implementation of practice guidelines in preventive care is examined by reviewing the several determinants of implementation: cognitive, sociodemographic and organizational factors. The actions taken in Canada to implement the guidelines since the publication of the first task force report are described. The importance of better coordinated clinical and population-based approaches to prevention is emphasized.

Battista, R N

1993-01-01

434

Trust Framework for Health Information Exchange: A Framework for Governing Entities and their Participants to Share Trust Attributes to Support Exchange with a Group of Unaffiliated Entities. Nationa HIE Governance Forum.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

One of ONCs governance goals for nationwide HIE is to increase trust among potential exchange participants to mobilize trusted exchange to support patient health and care. An essential aspect of trust for national HIE is an understanding of what an organi...

2013-01-01

435

Systems Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colleges and universities remain vulnerable to lawsuits and face an increasingly litigious environment. Contemporary Issues in Higher Education Law provides board members, administrators, faculty, and students of higher education with a basis for informed decision-making that will reduce the risk of liability through a preventive-law approach. Readers will find this text a useful source that reflects trends in the law,

Neal H. Hutchens

2011-01-01

436

Interests, Information, and Incentives in Higher Education: Principal-Agent Theory and Its Potential Applications to the Study of Higher Education Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do governance structures impact university actions? Why does it matter if a governance structure is centralized or decentralized?\\u000a How does an institution respond to a governor and legislature with differing higher education agendas? Why are some campus\\u000a activities politically significant while others go unnoticed? Is a university more responsive to a government that provides\\u000a annual appropriations or students who

Jussi A. Kivisto

437

Is E-Government Promoting Convergence Towards More Accountable Local Governments?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes how extensively European Union local governments are using their websites to disseminate financial information in order to evaluate whether electronic-government (e-government) is promoting convergence towards more accountable local governments. We also posit and test various hypotheses about the influence of internal and contextual factors on Internet financial reporting (IFR) practices. Results show that the public administration style,

Vicente Pina; Lourdes Torres; Sonia Royo

2010-01-01

438

Optimal Government Subsidies to Universities in the Face of Tuition and Enrollment Constraints  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper develops a simple static model of an imperfectly competitive university operating under government-imposed constraints on the ability to raise tuition fees and increase enrollments. The model has particular applicability to Canadian universities. Assuming an average cost pricing rule, rules for adequate government subsidies (operating…

Easton, Stephen T.; Rockerbie, Duane W.

2008-01-01

439

Government assistance finalized for Biprovincial Upgrader  

SciTech Connect

It was announced in September that Government of Canada support for the current phase of the Husky's Biprovincial Upgrader Project will be delivered through tax relief to Husky Oil Operations Ltd. On April 8, 1986, the governments of Canada, Alberta and Saskatchewan agreed to share in the estimated $90 million cost of completing preconstruction engineering work related to the proposed $3.2 billion 55,000 barrel/day upgrader project at Lloydminster, Saskatchewan. The project would upgrade heavy crude oil, which is currently exported from Canada, into a higher quality crude oil that can be processed by Canadian refineries. In addition to the federal support, the governments of Alberta and Saskatchewan agreed to provide $13.5 million each toward the pre-construction engineering costs.

Not Available

1986-12-01

440

Hibernia project gets another government boost  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that Canadian governments will provide a financial backstop for development of Hibernia oil field off Newfoundland while a new partner i sought. Ottawa and Newfoundland will pay as much as $127 million or 75% of development costs incurred by the companies from May 15 to Nov. 1, 192. That figure could rise to $185 million if an agreement is extended to Jan. 1, 1993, by mutual consent. The governments will pay only if the project on the Grand Banks is suspended or terminated and buyers can't be found for Gulf's 25% interest. The federal government agreed to pay two thirds of the indemnity, Newfoundland one third. A federal spokesman the Ottawa does not expect to have to pay the funds. The agreement represents an insurance policy for participating companies.

Not Available

1992-08-17

441

Standard-setting institutions' user-oriented legitimacy management strategies : The Canadian case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The objective of this paper is to critically examine the Canadian Accounting Standards Board's (AcSB) legitimacy management strategies directed toward financial statement users. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Suchman's legitimacy typology is used as a lens through which the AcSB's legitimacy management strategies directed toward users are analyzed. The data sources consist of documentary public information available for the overall Canadian

Sylvain Durocher; Anne Fortin

2010-01-01

442

The school?to?work transition of Canadian post?secondary graduates: a dynamic analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of an empirical analysis of the school?to?work transition of Canadian post?secondary graduates based on three waves of the National Graduates Surveys, representing those who successfully completed their programmes at Canadian colleges and universities in 1982, 1986, and 1990. Information was gathered during interviews conducted two and five years after graduation for each group, thus facilitating

Ross Finnie

2004-01-01

443

Effects of merger and foreign alliance: An event study of the Canadian airline industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper uses an event study methodology to investigate how investors have reacted to new information (events) affecting merger\\/foreign alliance possibilities in the Canadian airline industry for the 1992–1993 period. We find that news regarding the merger\\/foreign alliance possibilities had a significant impact on the stock prices of Air Canada and Canadian Airlines International (CAI). Furthermore, shareholders of both airlines

Derek Aldridge

1997-01-01

444

Canadian Federal Budget 1998  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

At the site visitors can find the full text of the Finance Minister's speech and an overview of the 1998 budget. Also found on the site are information on Canada's economic and fiscal situation, details of the Canada Opportunities Strategy and the tax relief plan. Multimedia features on the site include videos of speeches by the Prime Minister and Finance Minister and a multimedia presentation of various aspects of the budget.

1998-01-01

445

A Survey of Information Sources Used by Secondary School Students in Ife Central and Ife East Local Government Areas of Osun State, Nigeria for Knowledge and Attitudes Towards HIV\\/AIDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the findings of an investigation into adolescents' sexual behavior and action taken to avoid infection among secondary school students in Ife Central and Ife East Local Government Areas of Osun State. Provision of accurate information has and will continue to be at the forefront of efforts to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases, particularly human immunodeficiency

Chinwe M. T. Nwezeh

2008-01-01

446

Human Capital: Building the Information Technology Workforce To Achieve Results. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Technology and Procurement Policy, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Comptroller General of the United States testified before Congress regarding the General Accounting Office's (GAO's) framework for building the information technology (IT) work force to achieve results. The following were among the key points of his testimony: (1) the federal government is facing pervasive human capital challenges that are…

Walker, David M.

447

The Hard Work of Balancing Employment and Caregiving: What Can Canadian Employers Do to Help?  

PubMed Central

As a result of population aging and changing family structures, more Canadians than ever are balancing careers with family caregiving responsibilities. Previous research has suggested that different policy responses are required to support caregivers, depending on the intensity of their caregiving contributions. This discussion paper focuses on needed workplace supports for family caregivers in Canada, with a specific emphasis on the role for employers. Outlined are challenges faced by caregiving employees, the ways in which employers and governments are already supporting caregivers internationally, and options for how Canadian employers might participate in creating caregiver-friendly workplaces.

Lilly, Meredith B.

2011-01-01

448

Regional governance and hazard information: the role of co-ordinated risk assessment and regional spatial accounting in wildfire hazard mitigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the threat of wildfire hanging over many communities in the Western and Southern United States, wildfire mitigation is evolving into a significant public responsibility for rural and urban edge county governments. Regional governance is an important piece of the effort to reduce wildfire risks although still weakly developed as a policy arena. This project explores two dimensions in which

Brian H. Muller; Li Yin

2010-01-01

449

Methods and Materials in Constitutional Law: Some Thoughts on Access to Government Information As a Problem for Constitutional Theory and Socio-Legal Studies.”  

Microsoft Academic Search

To be subject to law, Hobbes argued, is to be deprived of liberty, as we understand it. In this respect, democratic governments are no different from others. Hobbes's insight has not caused us to abandon our commitments to democracy, but it still challenges us to think hard about the nature of representative government, the nature of citizenship in a democratic

Barry Sullivan

2011-01-01

450

U.S. Government Publications in Time of Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers challenges facing librarians with federal government document collections, including changing formats and electronic dissemination of information. Highlights include public awareness, collection development, types of electronic materials, remote access, an annotated list of 10 significant government publications, and GPO (Government

Miller, Ann E.

1997-01-01

451

Canadian Society for Chemical Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canadian Society for Chemical Technology (CSCT) is dedicated to "the advancement of chemical technology, the maintenance and improvement of standards of practitioners and educators, and the continual evaluation of chemical technology in Canada." Users can learn about the Society's many activities including certifying chemical technologists and supporting student endeavors. The site features upcoming workshops and events held in Europe and North America. Visitors can learn about student and regional chapters.

2005-11-07

452

Environmental contaminants in Canadian shorebirds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Canadian shorebirds are exposed to environmental contaminants throughout their annual cycle. Contaminant exposure among species\\u000a varies with diet, foraging behaviour and migration patterns. We sampled twelve species of shorebirds from four locations across\\u000a Canada to assess their exposure to PCBs, organochlorine pesticides, as well as four trace elements (Hg, Se, Cd, As). ?PCB\\u000a and ?DDT followed by ?CHL were most

Birgit M. Braune; David G. Noble

2009-01-01

453

The Canadian Celiac Health Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to characterize the diagnostic process, frequency of associated disorders, family history, and\\u000a impact of a gluten-free diet in individuals with celiac disease. All members of the Canadian Celiac Association (n=5240) were surveyed with a questionnaire. Respondents included 2681 adults with biopsy-proven celiac disease. The mean age\\u000a was 56 years. Most common presenting symptoms included

Ann Cranney; Marion Zarkadas; Ian D. Graham; J. Decker Butzner; Mohsin Rashid; Ralph Warren; Mavis Molloy; Shelley Case; Vernon Burrows; Connie Switzer

2007-01-01

454

Canadian Cardiovascular Society/Canadian Association of Radiologists consensus training standards for cardiac computed tomography  

PubMed Central

With the goal of optimizing patient care, standards for training in cardiac computed tomography have been developed collaboratively by the Canadian Association of Radiologists and the Canadian Cardiovascular Society. These standards apply to both radiologists and cardiologists.

Brydie, Alan; Chow, Benjamin JW; Dennie, Carole J; Larose, Eric; Leipsic, Jonathan A; Sheth, Tej

2010-01-01

455

Productivity Growth in Canadian and U.S. Regulated Industries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article compares the productivity growth of a set of Canadian and U.S. regulated industries. Using data from Statistics Canada’s KLEMS database and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, the article examines productivity growth in transportation services (which includes air, rail, and other transportation services), broadcasting and telecommunications, cultural industries (which include publishing and information services, and motion pictures and

Wulong Lafrance Amelie Gu; Amélie Lafrance

2010-01-01

456

Access to Post-Secondary Education in Canada: Facts and Gaps. A Canadian Policy Research Networks Conference Sponsored by the Canada Millennium Scholarship Foundation (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, April 5-6, 2002).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Canadian Policy Research Networks, with the sponsorship of the Canadian Millennium Scholarship Foundation, organized a conference on Access to Post Secondary Education (PSE) that brought together a cross section of experts and stakeholders, including government representatives, to discuss trends in participation, access, and financial and other…

Canadian Policy Research Networks Inc., Ottawa (Ontario).

457

Lidar atmospheric observatory in the Canadian Arctic  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During the last decade there have been growing concerns about a broad variety of atmospheric properties. Among these, a depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer has attracted considerable attention from the general public, politicians and scientists due to its vital impact for the entire global biosphere. One of the major warning signs was the discovery of the 'ozone hole' in the Antarctic region where the concentration of the ozone in the stratosphere was significantly reduced. At present the stratospheric ozone layer in this region is being continuously monitored by groups of scientists from around the world and numerous observations of the ozone layer on the global scale have clearly demonstrated the process of ozone depletion. Recent observations by NASA have shown significant depletion in the Arctic region. This paper provides an initial description of two lidars that are planned to be installed in a new observatory for atmospheric studies in the Canadian Arctic. This observatory is being constructed under the supervision of the Atmospheric Environment Services (AES) of Canada as a part of Green Plan - an initiative of the Federal Government of Canada. The station is located at Eureka on Ellesmere Island at a latitude of 80 degrees N and a longitude of 86 degrees W.

Ulitsky, Arkady; Wang, Tin-Yu; Flood, Martin; Smith, Brent

1992-01-01

458

CONFINTEA VI from a Canadian perspective  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 12-yearly International Conferences of Adult Education (CONFINTEA) organised by UNESCO are significant events in the ongoing global dialogues about adult learning and education (ALE) and its role within society. Thus, the latest conference held in Brazil in 2009 offered a major opportunity to consider and review developments about ALE policies and practices worldwide and encouraged both national governments and non-governmental organisations alike to examine their approaches to adult education and lifelong learning. After a review of the process that Canada adopted in following the UNESCO guidelines for preparing its country report, this paper focuses specifically on the involvement of Canada's major academic adult education organisation and details its concerns with both the development and the substance of the report. Comparing it with the country reports of Finland, Sweden and the UK, the authors analyse the Canadian report and provide some explanatory reasons why, in their opinion, both the process and the result provided a less than complete picture of ALE in Canada and, in so doing, fell short of UNESCO's aspirations for CONFINTEA.

Rubenson, Kjell; Nesbit, Tom

2011-08-01

459

Notable Government Documents 2007: Blogs, Battles, & Bees  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The world of government information mirrors the headlines. The resources in this list of Notable Government Documents from the American Library Association's Government Documents Round Table reflect the diversity of the profession, with topics ranging from "underappreciated fish" in Alaska to the Colonial papers of Sir William Johnson; from an…

Church, Jim

2008-01-01

460

Obstructive sleep apnea and driving: A Canadian Thoracic Society and Canadian Sleep Society position paper.  

PubMed

Untreated patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are at increased risk for motor vehicle collisions; however, it is unclear how this should be translated into fitness-to-drive recommendations. Accordingly, the Canadian Thoracic Society (CTS) Sleep Disordered Breathing Clinical Assembly and the Canadian Sleep Society (CSS) assembled a CTS-CSS working group to propose recommendations with regard to driving in patients with OSA. Recommendations for assessing fitness to drive in noncommercial drivers: 1. Severity of OSA alone is not a reliable predictor of collision risk and, therefore, should not be used in isolation to assess fitness to drive; 2. The severity of sleep apnea should be considered in the context of other factors to assess fitness to drive; 3. The decision to restrict driving is ultimately made by the motor vehicle licensing authority; however, they should take into account the information and recommendations provided by the sleep medicine physician and should follow provincial guidelines; 4. For patients prescribed continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, objective CPAP compliance should be documented. Efficacy should also be documented in terms of reversing the symptoms and improvement in sleep apnea based on physiological monitoring; 5. For patients treated with surgery or an oral appliance, verification of adequate sleep apnea treatment should be obtained; and 6. A driver diagnosed with OSA may be recertified as fit to drive based on assessment of symptoms and demonstrating compliance with treatment. The assessment should be aligned with the provincial driver's license renewal period. Commercial vehicles: Assessment of fitness to drive should be more stringent for patients operating commercial vehicles. In general, the CTS-CSS working group was in agreement with the Medical Expert Panel recommendations to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration in the United States; these recommendations were adapted for Canadian practitioners. PMID:24724150

Ayas, Najib; Skomro, Robert; Blackman, Adam; Curren, Kristen; Fitzpatrick, Michael; Fleetham, John; George, Charles; Hakemi, Tom; Hanly, Patrick; Li, Christopher; Morrison, Debra; Series, Frédéric

2014-01-01

461

Accessing Federal Government Documents Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and presents in a table the contents, coverage, updating frequency, system availability, and thesauri available for 24 databases which provide business, medical, legal, criminal justice, and statistical information, as well as information from/on the U.S. Congress, the Federal Register, U.S. Government procurement, technical reports, and…

Hunt, Deborah S.

1982-01-01

462

Shaping policy: the Canadian Cancer Society and the Hormone Receptor Testing Inquiry  

PubMed Central

Background In 2007, the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador established the Commission of Inquiry on Hormone Receptor Testing to examine problems with estrogen and progesterone hormone receptor tests conducted in the province between 1997 and 2005. Using the Inquiry as a case study, we examine the knowledge transfer activities used by the Canadian Cancer Society – Newfoundland and Labrador Division (CCS-NL) to shape policy and improve cancer control in the province. Implementation CCS-NL established a panel to advise its legal counsel and asked academic researchers to prepare papers to submit to the Commission. CCS-NL also interviewed patients to better inform its legal arguments, used its province-wide networks to raise awareness of the Inquiry, and provided a toll-free number that people could call. It also provided basic information, resources, and contact information for people who were affected by the flawed hormone receptor tests. The effectiveness of CCS-NL’s activities is reflected by the inclusion of its key messages in the Commission’s recommendations, and the investment in cancer care following the Inquiry. Discussion The success of the CCS-NL knowledge transfer efforts stemmed from its reputation as an advocate for cancer patients and its long-standing relationship with researchers, especially at the local level. The case illustrates real-world application of knowledge transfer practices in the development of public policy, and describes how community-based non-government organizations can identify and draw attention to important issues that otherwise might not have been addressed.

Mathews, M.; Newbury, J.; Housser, E. M.

2011-01-01

463

Phase IV: Deploying ESE Pilot Information Programs for State and Local Government in the Northeast, the Education Community and the Commercial Sector  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This Summary of Research report is a final report which summarizes significant accomplishments achieved during NASA grant NAG 13-00044 entitled Phase IV: Deploying ESE Pilot Information Programs for State and Local Government in the Northeast, the Education Community and the Commercial Sector , for the period of September 27,2000 through September 26,2004. All activities under this grant have been successfully completed. It has been requested by NASA reviewers that the material contained herein also be considered in $iew of NASA s twelve national priority areas. During the grant period, the nature of the Earth Science Enterprise (ESE) Application Program has been significantly amended (two major restructurings). These amendments have been reviewed at several meetings, including a national gathering held in Washington DC. Additional meetings have occurred with NASA officials at headquarters and at IAGT offices as the newly emerging programs have become defined. The work described herein is considered "cross-cutting", meaning that it has relevancy to several of the national priority areas. The time period covered requires that the twelve national priority areas initially articulated by NASA be considered. (Subsequent NASA revision has eliminated "community growth" as a focus area. It is not clear how this area might be treated in the future NASA organizational structure, but it is noted that the work reported herein includes clear potential for application to the previously defined community growth area, as well as most of the other application areas.) As indicated in the accompanying figure, activity reports throughout this report can be "mapped" to the priority areas.

Brower, Robert N.

2004-01-01

464

In the Classroom: Canadian Studies -- Let's Make It Truly Interdisciplinary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes a junior high school interdisciplinary Canadian studies course. Class projects encompassing Indian culture, French-Canadian culture, English-Canadian culture, and regional and ethnic cultures are examined. (DE)

Hou, Charles

1974-01-01

465

Enacting inter-organizational e-government in the Mexican federal government  

Microsoft Academic Search

This poster will present the results of a research project that investigates inter-organizational e-government in the Mexican federal government. These are e-government initiatives that involve a high degree of collaboration among multiple government agencies and certain degree of information integration. Using the technology enactment framework and a multi-method approach, this study will develop and test models of how interorganizational e-government

José Ramón Gil-garcía; Luis Felipe Luna-Reyes

2006-01-01

466

Drought, Climate Change and the Canadian Prairies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The occurrence of drought is a ubiquitous feature of the global water cycle. Such an extreme does not necessarily lead to an overall change in the magnitude of the global water cycle but it of course affects the regional cycling of water. Droughts are recurring aspects of weather and climate extremes as are floods and tornadoes, but they differ substantially since they have long durations and lack easily identified onsets and terminations. Drought is a relatively common feature of the North American and Canadian climate system and all regions of the continent are affected from time-to-time. However, it tends to be most common and severe over the central regions of the continent. The Canadian Prairies are therefore prone to drought. Droughts in the Canadian Prairies are distinctive in North America. The large scale atmospheric circulations are influenced by blocking from intense orography to the west and long distances from all warm ocean-derived atmospheric water sources; growing season precipitation is generated by a highly complex combination of frontal and convective systems; seasonality is severe and characterized by a relatively long snow-covered and short growing seasons; local surface runoff is primarily produced by snowmelt water; there is substantial water storage potential in the poorly drained, post-glacial topography; and aquifers are overlain by impermeable glacial till, but there are also important permeable aquifers. One example of Prairie drought is the recent one that began in 1999 with cessation of its atmospheric component in 2004/2005 and many of its hydrological components in 2005. This event produced the worst drought for at least a hundred years in parts of the Canadian Prairies. Even in the dust bowl of the 1930s, no single year over the central Prairies were drier than in 2001. The drought affected agriculture, recreation, tourism, health, hydro-electricity, and forestry in the Prairies. Gross Domestic Product fell some 5.8 billion and employment losses exceeded 41,000 jobs for 2001 and 2002. This drought also contributed to a negative or zero net farm income for several provinces for the first time in 25 years with agricultural production over Canada dropping an estimated 3.6 billion in 2001/2002. Previously reliable water supplies such as streams, wetlands, dugouts, reservoirs, and groundwater were placed under stress and often failed. Despite their enormous economic, environmental, and societal impacts, there has never been a coordinated and integrated drought research program in Canada. To begin to address these issues related to drought, the Drought Research Initiative, DRI was established. The overall objective of DRI is "to better understand the physical characteristics of and processes influencing Canadian Prairie droughts, and to contribute to their better prediction, through a focus on the recent severe drought that began in 1999 and largely ended in 2005". DRI is focused on five research objectives: 1. Quantify the physical features of this recent drought 2. Improve the understanding of the processes and feedbacks governing the formation, evolution, cessation and structure of the drought 3. Assess and reduce uncertainties in the prediction of drought and its structure 4. Compare the similarities and differences of the recent drought to previous and future droughts 5. Apply progress to address critical issues of importance to society Major progress is being made within each of these research areas. These coordinated studies furthermore represent an essential step towards our ultimate goal which is to better assess whether there will be more droughts in the future over this region due to climate change, what features these droughts will exhibit, and how we can best prepare for them. The focus of these activities is on changes to occur over the next several decades and significant progress is being made in addressing these issues as well. The purpose of this presentation is to provide an overview of all these studies related to past and future Canadian Prairie drought and to poi

Stewart, R. E.

2010-03-01

467

Notes on Constitutional Change in the ROC: Presidential Versus Parliamentary Government. Institutional Reform and the Information Sector (IRIS) Summary, Working Paper No. 77.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The debate over constitutional reform has moved to center stage in Taiwan, with a focus on two issues: the choice of presidential versus parliamentary government and a determination of the ultimate role of the National Assembly.

E. M. Niou P. C. Ordeshook

1993-01-01

468

From e-Government to e-Governance? Towards a model of e-Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is conceptual in nature: in it, we seek to identify the current trends of State transformation, combine them with the changes in the new information and communication technologies, and extrapolate this combination into the near future. More precisely, the goal of the paper is to analyse how the New Information and Communication Technologies shape the newly emerging governance

Matthias Finger; Gaëlle Pécoud

469

Chinese Canadian Attitudes toward End of Life Decisions. Abstract, Executive Summary of Thesis for a Degree of Doctor of Philosophy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine Chinese Canadian attitudes toward end of life decisions. While extensive information is available on attitudes towards end of life decisions in general, little is known about attudies of specific cultural c...

K. Bowman

1996-01-01

470

Business Ethics and Corporate Governance in Latin America  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article determines what the role of business ethics is within the Latin American corporate governance context. We analyzed five sources of information that provide vital information on the state of corporate governance in Latin America: the meetings of the Latin American Corporate Governance Network; the debates in the Latin America Corporate Governance Roundtables; the study Panorama Atual da Governança

Heloisa B. Bedicks; M. Cecilia Arruda

2005-01-01

471

Cross-ministerial collaboration related to paediatric rehabilitation for children with disabilities and their families in one Canadian province.  

PubMed

The delivery of paediatric rehabilitation services is complex due to the involvement of different service sectors and diverse models of care. Parents of children with disabilities find it challenging to navigate successfully through complicated service delivery systems. Cross-sectoral collaboration to improve continuity of care for children with disabilities and their families is viewed as ideal in public policies. The purpose of this research was to explore how ministerial cultures, processes and structures influence inter-ministerial collaboration for the purpose of enhancing continuity of care for children with disabilities and their families in a Western Canadian province. Six key informants from three government Ministries that funded paediatric rehabilitation services participated in individual, semi-structured interviews between January and May of 2007. Nineteen provincial public policy documents were reviewed. Hall's framework guided the analysis of the key informant interviews and policy documents. Influences of organisational culture, processes and structures on cross-ministerial collaboration were classified into the categories of ideas-values and beliefs that underlie policy development, interests-influence of various policy actors and institutions-structures and processes used to deliver public policy. Fundamental ideological and structural differences were apparent across the three ministries that affected the ease of inter-ministerial collaboration towards ensuring continuity of care for children with disabilities. Variations in ideas (philosophy and values) and institutions (geography and service delivery structure, relationships with regional governance, mission and function, choice of policy instruments and financial processes) are presented and implications for service delivery are explored. PMID:20408887

Wiart, Lesley; Church, John; Darrah, Johanna; Ray, Lynne; Magill-Evans, Joyce; Andersen, John

2010-07-01

472

The Role of Government in Corporate Governance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous corporate scandals in the past several years have fueled widespread debate over proposals for government action. The central challenge for government is how to restore corporate integrity and market confidence without overreacting and stifling the dynamism that underlies a strong economy. To examine this challenge, the Center for Business and Government's Regulatory Policy Program organized a conference in May

Cary Coglianese; Thomas J. Healey; Elizabeth K. Keating; Michael L. Michael

2004-01-01

473

Canadian gravimetric geoid model 2010  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new gravimetric geoid model, Canadian Gravimetric Geoid 2010 (CGG2010), has been developed to upgrade the previous geoid model CGG2005. CGG2010 represents the separation between the reference ellipsoid of GRS80 and the Earth's equipotential surface of W_0=62{,}636{,}855.69 m^2s^{-2}. The Stokes-Helmert method has been re-formulated for the determination of CGG2010 by a new Stokes kernel modification. It reduces the effect of the systematic error in the Canadian terrestrial gravity data on the geoid to the level below 2 cm from about 20 cm using other existing modification techniques, and renders a smooth spectral combination of the satellite and terrestrial gravity data. The long wavelength components of CGG2010 include the GOCE contribution contained in a combined GRACE and GOCE geopotential model: GOCO01S, which ranges from -20.1 to 16.7 cm with an RMS of 2.9 cm. Improvement has been also achieved through the refinement of geoid modelling procedure and the use of new data. (1) The downward continuation effect has been accounted accurately ranging from -22.1 to 16.5 cm with an RMS of 0.9 cm. (2) The geoid residual from the Stokes integral is reduced to 4 cm in RMS by the use of an ultra-high degree spherical harmonic representation of global elevation model for deriving the reference Helmert field in conjunction with a derived global geopotential model. (3) The Canadian gravimetric geoid model is published for the first time with associated error estimates. In addition, CGG2010 includes the new marine gravity data, ArcGP gravity grids, and the new Canadian Digital Elevation Data (CDED) 1:50K. CGG2010 is compared to GPS-levelling data in Canada. The standard deviations are estimated to vary from 2 to 10 cm with the largest error in the mountainous areas of western Canada. We demonstrate its improvement over the previous models CGG2005 and EGM2008.

Huang, Jianliang; Véronneau, Marc

2013-08-01

474

Canadian Study of Diet, Lifestyle, and Health  

Cancer.gov

The purpose of the Canadian Study of Diet, Lifestyle, and Health is to investigate the relationship between diet, lifestyle factors, molecular markers, and cancer incidence in Canada. The cohort was established predominantly by recruiting alumni from the Universities of Alberta, Toronto, and Western Ontario between 1995 and 1998, but also includes a small contingent recruited mostly in 1992 through the Canadian Cancer Society.

475

Spousal-Abuse Among Canadian Immigrant Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study aimed to investigate the rates of self-reported physical and emotional spousal abuse among recent Canadian-immigrant (CI) women compared to Canadian-born (CB) women. The study conducted secondary data analyses on the General Social Survey, 1999. A sample of CB (n = 3548) and CI (n = 313) women was drawn that included women 25 to 49 years of age

Farah Ahmad; Maryam Ali; Donna E. Stewart

2005-01-01

476

In Search of Canadian Materials, 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to make quality Canadian materials known to teachers, librarians, and administrators, this annotated bibliography lists materials in the following categories: activity books, art, hobbies and crafts, business education law, Canadian studies, geography, guidance, health, home economics, language and literature, Manitoba history,…

Manitoba Dept. of Education and Training, Winnipeg.

477

Rural Canadian Youth Exposed to Physical Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exposure to physical violence is an unfortunate reality for many Canadian youth as it is associated with numerous negative psychosocial effects. The study aims to assist in understanding resilience in rural Canadian youth exposed to physical violence. This is accomplished by identifying the importance of protective factors, as measured by the…

Laye, Adele M.; Mykota, David B.

2014-01-01

478

Understanding Canadians' Declining Confidence in Public Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uncovered new evidence for Canadians' declining confidence in public education and investigated reasons for this trend. Data from two national longitudinal surveys with large sample sizes show that confidence in all public institutions is lessening in Canada, but that Canadians do see schooling as increasingly important. (SLD)

Guppy, Neil; Davies, Scott

1999-01-01

479

Summer Session Organizational Models at Canadian Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of summer session organizational models continues to be of interest to summer session deans/directors and university administrators. The University of Victoria surveyed Canadian universities on this issue in 1994. Based on a similar survey done in 2009, this paper updates the status of Canadian university summer session organizational…

Kops, Bill

2010-01-01

480

Recent Books on Canadian Business History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews Canadian business history books published since 1972 as well as reprints of useful older works. Topics dealt with are the fish, timber, and wheat industry, transportation, entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship, Canadian economy during World War I, the development of natural resources, and the lives of the rich and the powerful. (KC)

Armstrong, Christopher

1979-01-01

481

Canadian University Rankings: Buyer Beware Once Again  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present a data-based perspective concerning recent (e.g., 2008) "Maclean's" magazine rankings of Canadian universities, including cluster analysis of the 2008 data. Canadian universities empirically resemble and relate to each other in a manner different from their formal classification and final rank ordering in the "Maclean's" system. Several…

Page, Stewart; Cramer, Kenneth M.; Page, Laura

2010-01-01

482

ORGANIZING WAL-MART: THE CANADIAN CAMPAIGN  

Microsoft Academic Search

al-Mart, the world's largest corporation, has recently been targeted by the American and Canadian labour movements as organizing target number one. There are no unionized Wal- Mart stores in the United States and only a few in Canada. The few Canadian shops that have been organized have not yet been able to secure a collective agreement. In short, as of

Roy J. Adams

483

Government's Role in the Electronic Era: User Needs and Government's Response, Proceedings of the Annual FLICC Forum on Federal Information Policies (10th, Washington, D.C., March 25, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings of the annual forum of the Federal Library and Information Center committee (FLICC) of the Library of Congress begins with summaries of introductory and special remarks, two keynote addresses, 15 presentations, and the comments they generated. The publication also contains the text of the keynote addresses: "Establishing a System…

Mulford, Carolyn

484

A Review of the Evidence for Endocrine Disruption in Canadian Aquatic Ecosystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Endocrine disrupting substances in the environment and the potential affects they have on wildlife species has recently received increased public attention. This paper provides background information on research that has addressed the endocrine disruption issue in the Canadian aquatic environment as well as information on studies that are presently being conducted within the country to address this issue. Two of

MARK E. MCMASTER

2001-01-01

485

NEW INSTRUMENTS FOR COORDINATION AND RISK SHARING WITHIN THE CANADIAN BEEF INDUSTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Canadian beef industry has stated objectives of improving beef quality and consumer satisfaction while reducing unit costs of production. Suggested methods for achieving these goals include working towards value based marketing and improved information flows between different market levels through systems such as a birth to plate information system. These initiatives are designed to provide a more

James R. Unterschultz

2000-01-01

486

Environmental Scanning: Preliminary Findings of Interviews with CEOs in Two Canadian Industries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses results of the final part of a study of the environmental scanning behavior of chief executive officers in two Canadian industries--publishing and telecommunications. The results of personal interviews were analyzed to determine their main sources of environmental information and how they made use of the information in decision making.…

Auster, Ethel; Choo, Chun Wei

1993-01-01

487

Canadian perspective on fuel integrity performance indicators  

SciTech Connect

Fuel integrity performance indicators in the Canadian nuclear industry are obtained by monitoring both delayed-neutron activity and gamma-ray activity in the primary circuit. These indicators are important not only for detecting and locating defective fuel but for detecting uranium release from the defects. Uranium release is undesirable because many radioactive fission products are tightly trapped within the UO/sub 2/ matrix and are released to the coolsang along with the uranium. These fission products are not easily removed by the purification systems and tend to deposit with the uranium within the heat transport system. The delayed-neutron-emitting fission products /sup 137/I and /sup 87/Br are used primarily to locate fuel defects during reactor operation among several hundred fuel channels in the core and to determine when defects release uranium to the coolant. Alternately, certain gamma-emitting fission products in the primary coolant, the subject of this paper, can also be used to extract similar information. This is done by exploiting the relationships between the two sources of fission products in the coolant: uranium contamination and defective fuel. In Canada deuterium uranium (CANDU) reactors with on-power refueling capability, this information provides a basis for deciding when to remove fuel defects from an economic standpoint.

Manzer, A.M.; Sancton, R.W.; Macici, N.

1987-01-01

488

An Extended Systematic Review of Canadian Policy Documents on e-Learning: What We're Doing and Not Doing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This systematic review builds upon the work of Abrami et al. (2006) and McGreal and Anderson (2007). It seeks to provide a synthesis and discussion of publicly available government policy documents with regard to e-learning in Canada. In total, 138 policy documents from Canadian provinces and territories and several federal agencies, dated from…

Borokhovski, Eugene; Bernard, Robert M.; Mills, Erin; Abrami, Philip C.; Wade, C. Anne; Tamim, Rana; Bethel, Edward; Lowerison, Gretchen; Pickup, David; Surkes, Michael A.

2011-01-01

489

Internationalisation of Canadian Higher Education: Troubling the Notion of Autonomy through an Examination of Policy Actors, Knowledge and Spaces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationalisation of higher education has been overwhelmingly embraced by Canadian universities (Beck 2009). Yet, the decentralised nature of higher education institutions, coupled with the absence of a national governing body with responsibility for higher education, creates an interesting terrain for internationalisation. In this paper, I…

Viczko, Melody

2013-01-01

490

Backgrounder. Rethinking Science and Society: Public Survey by EKOS Research Associates. Canadians See Clear-Cut Benefits to University Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Between August and September 2004, EKOS Research Associates conducted the first round of a study entitled, Rethinking Science and Society. The aim of this study is to assess Canadians' attitudes toward science and research, particularly since research and innovation policies have become increasingly important for the federal government. The…

Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, 2004

2004-01-01

491

42 CFR 137.202 - What types of information will Self-Governance Tribes be expected to include in the reports?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Reports will be derived from existing minimal data elements currently collected by Self-Governance...include patient demographic and workload data. Not less than 60 days prior to the...will propose a list of recommended minimal data elements, along with justification...

2012-10-01

492

41 CFR 301-70.907 - What information must we report on the use of Government aircraft to carry senior Federal...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the traveler must reimburse the Government (i.e., the full coach fare or appropriate share of that fare). (g) For official travel, the comparable city-pair fare (if available to the traveler) or the full coach fare if the...

2013-07-01

493

Canadian development and commercialization of a North American mobile satellite service  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Canada recognized early the value of mobile satellite communications, originally through the planning of a military system and subsequently through the development of the Canadian Mobile Satellite (MSAT) systems. Acting on behalf of the government, the Department of Communications (DOC) defined and carried out a complete plan for the implementation of Mobile Satellite Services (MSS). Based on an extensive dialogue between government, industry, and users and encompassing all technical, economic regulatory, and institutional aspects, this plan resulted in the completion by 1986 of a comprehensive business plan and a decision for commercial MSS delivery. The Canadian lead for a commercial system was quickly followed by others, and in particular the U.S., giving rise to the concept of North American MSS.

Athanassiadis, Demetre

1990-01-01

494

Organizing Physical Education in Canadian Schools. Curriculum Series/57.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book arose from a felt need for more Canadian (as distinct from U.S.) oriented content in the study of the organization of Canadian physical education. The resources for the book are heavily Canadian, and much of the data is based on the results of surveys conducted specifically for the book. In addition, a series of site visits to Canadian

Martens, Fred L.

495

Electronic government paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is a well known fact that the core concepts and techniques of putting government on-line first emerged in the most technological advanced countries and they were the pioneers in the adoption of the Internet and the e-government has become a prominent strategy for government administrative reform and can potentially increase the quality of government services, generate financial savings, and

Cyril E. Azenabor; Charles A. Shoniregun

2008-01-01

496

ICT, Innovation and Public Management: Governance, Models & Alternatives for E-Government Infrastructures  

Microsoft Academic Search

E-government and related Information and Communication Technology (ICT) are commonly understood to provide a great opportunity to innovate the business of government by fostering efficiency and reforming public management. This paper argues that the main approaches and methodologies used for the development of e- government applications, services and infrastructure overlook the potential to provide innovative mechanisms for the reshaping of

Diego D. Navarra; Tony Cornford

2005-01-01

497

Developing Government-to-Government enterprises in Brazil: a heuristic model drawn from multiple case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, various governments have seized the moment provided by information and communication technology as the ideal opportunity to rethink and reformulate their administrative praxis. This restructuring concentrates not only on the internal aspects involved, but also on those related to the relationship between government and other organizations, social groups, and\\/or citizens. The digitally-enabled collaboration and cooperation perspective among different government

Luiz Antonio Joia

2004-01-01

498

'Will walk for groceries': Acceptability of financial health incentives among Canadian cardiac rehabilitation patients.  

PubMed

Financial health incentives, such as paying people to exercise, remain controversial despite widespread implementation. This focus group study explored the acceptability of incentives among a sample of Canadian cardiac rehabilitation (CR) patients (n?=?15). Focus groups were conducted between March and April 2013 until further sampling ceased to produce new analytical concepts. A thematic analysis approach was adopted in analysing the data. Three broad themes emerged from the focus groups. First, ethical concerns were prominent. Half of participants disagreed with the incentive approach believing that it was unfair, unnecessary or a waste of limited resources. Second, ethical concerns were mitigated in considering a range of incentive features including type, size and source. Specifically, privately sponsored (not government funded) health-promoting voucher-based incentives (e.g. grocery or gym vouchers) were perceived to be highly acceptable. Third, if designed like this, then financial incentives were considered potentially effective in motivating behaviour change and in reducing economic barriers to exercise participation. Overall, the majority of participants welcomed incentives if ethical concerns were addressed through thoughtful incentive programme design. The results of this focus group study will inform the design of a financial health incentive feasibility RCT to promote post-CR programme exercise compliance in this population. PMID:24731024

Mitchell, Marc S; Goodman, Jack M; Alter, David A; Oh, Paul I; Faulkner, Guy E J

2014-09-01

499

CGRG Bibliography of Canadian Geomorphology Search Engine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Canadian Geological Foundation and the Canadian Geomorphology Research Group and archived by Dr. Dan Smith of the University of Victoria, this searchable database contains citations of publications "describing the practice and application of geomorphology in Canada." The database includes annotated citations related to "the fields of aeolian, applied, coastal, fluvial, glacial, hillslope, karst, periglacial, permafrost and offshore geomorphology," as well as a substantial number of records related to Canadian hydrology. The database is searchable by author, year, title, source, and keyword. Returns include author, date, title, publication, issue, pages, and an abstract.

500

Focus on ACM SIGGRAPH Canadian chapters  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are currently four active ACM SIGGRAPH chapters in Canada. We decided to get together to write up a review of our respective ACM SIGGRAPH chapter activities, because these activities may be of interest to the Canadian and overall ACM SIGGRAPH community. The Canadian chapters include:AtlanticHeather Fowler: Chairhttp:\\/\\/atlantic-canadian.siggraph.orgMontrealMyriam Côté, Chairhttp:\\/\\/montreal.siggraph.orgTorontoAdele Newton, Chairhttp:\\/\\/toronto.siggraph.orgVancouverAndrew Woo, Chairhttp:\\/\\/vancouver.siggraph.orgIf you are interested in being a

Andrew Woo

2004-01-01