Sample records for car wash status

  1. Car wash events are a popular fund-

    E-print Network

    Goodman, Robert M.

    tested a potential solution to this problem: util- izing rain gardens to filter the polluted runoff before it reaches the (Continued on page 2) New Study Shows Rain Gardens Can Effectively Treat Car Wash is then filtered by a rain garden which acts like a sponge soaking up pollutants that would otherwise enter

  2. What Happens at a Car Wash?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallick, Barbara; Lee, Lisa

    2010-01-01

    A class of 3- to 5-year-old children in a child care center in the midwestern United States chose to study a car wash as a group project. This article discusses how the project evolved, describes the three phases of the project, and provides the teachers' reflections on the project. Photos taken during the project and children's sketches are…

  3. Car wash wastewater treatment and water reuse - a case study.

    PubMed

    Zaneti, R N; Etchepare, R; Rubio, J

    2013-01-01

    Recent features of a car wash wastewater reclamation system and results from a full-scale car wash wastewater treatment and recycling process are reported. This upcoming technology comprises a new flocculation-column flotation process, sand filtration, and a final chlorination. A water usage and savings audit (22 weeks) showed that almost 70% reclamation was possible, and fewer than 40 L of fresh water per wash were needed. Wastewater and reclaimed water were characterized by monitoring chemical, physicochemical and biological parameters. Results were discussed in terms of aesthetic quality (water clarification and odour), health (pathological) and chemical (corrosion and scaling) risks. A microbiological risk model was applied and the Escherichia coli proposed criterion for car wash reclaimed water is 200 CFU 100 mL(-1). It is believed that the discussions on car wash wastewater reclamation criteria may assist institutions to create laws in Brazil and elsewhere. PMID:23128624

  4. Car wash wastewater reclamation. Full-scale application and upcoming features

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rafael Zaneti; Ramiro Etchepare; Jorge Rubio

    2011-01-01

    Recent features on car wash wastewater reclamation and results obtained in a full-scale car wash wastewater treatment and recycling are reported. The technique employed comprises a new flocculation-column flotation (FCF), sand filtration and final chlorination. Water usage and savings audits (20 weeks) showed that almost 70% reclamation was possible, and less than 40L of fresh water per wash was attained.

  5. Nuclear car wash status report, August 2005

    SciTech Connect

    Prussin, S; Slaughter, D; Pruet, J; Descalle, M; Bernstein, A; Hall, J; Accatino, M; Alford, O; Asztalos, S; Church, J; Loshak, A; Madden, N; Manatt, D; Moore, T; Norman, E; Petersen, D

    2005-07-29

    A large majority of US imports arrive at seaports in maritime cargo containers. The number of containers arriving is nearly 10 million per year, each with a cargo of up to 30 tons of various materials. This provides a vulnerable entry point for the importation of a nuclear weapon or its components by a terrorist group. Passive radiation sensors are being deployed at portals to detect radioactive material and portable instruments are carried by port personnel to augment detection. Those instruments can detect the neutrons and g-rays produced by {sup 240}Pu that is normally present in weapons grade plutonium in cases where cargo overburden is not too great. However, {sup 235}U produces almost no neutron output in its normal radioactive decay and its principal {gamma}-radiation is at 186 keV and is readily attenuated by small amounts of wood or packing materials. Impurities such as {sup 232}U, often present in reactor irradiated material at the 100-200 ppt level, can provide a detectable signal through significant cargo overburden but the wide variations among samples of HEU make this an unreliable means of detecting SNM. High quality radiography may be useful in determining that the majority of containers are clearly free of SNM. However, some containers will lead to ambiguous results from radiography and passive radiation sensing. For these reasons active neutron interrogation is proposed as a means to produce fission and thus greatly amplify the radiation output of fissionable material to facilitate its reliable detection even when well shielded by large cargo overburden. Historically, the fission signature utilized as the unique identifying feature of fissionable materials is the detection of delayed neutrons. However, these neutrons have very low yield {approx} 0.017 per fission in {sup 235}U, and their low energy results in very poor penetration of hydrogenous materials such as fuels, water, wood, or agricultural products. That signature alone does not provide reliable detection in thick cargos. A new signature has been identified and has been developed within the current project for the detection of well shielded SNM. This SNM signature is based on high-energy {beta}-delayed {gamma}-radiation produced by fission products following neutron or photon induced fission. These {gamma}-rays are high enough in energy (E{sub {gamma}} > 3 MeV) to be readily distinguished from any natural background radioactivity since the latter does not extend above 2.6 MeV. Their abundance is nearly a decade greater than delayed neutrons and their short half-lives deliver nearly all of the signature radiation on time scales of one minute or less and thus facilitate rapid scanning. Finally, for this {gamma}-radiation in the 3-6 MeV range attenuation occurs only by Compton scattering and is in the range where minimum attenuation occurs in all materials. Even the thickest cargos of any material attenuate these {gamma}-rays by only a factor of 10-30X so that the signature is readily detected even with the most challenging shield materials. The goals of the current program are to detect significant quantities (much less than IAEA ''significant'' amounts) of well-shielded SNM, and to do so with detection probability P{sub d} {ge} 95% and with false alarm rates P{sub fp} {le} 0.001. It is the goal to meet these requirements in a scan that requires less than one minute to complete and does so without damage to the cargo or to people who may be hidden inside. We intend to meet these requirements even when the cargo overburden is up to {rho}L {le} 150 g/cm{sup 2} of any material ranging from fuels and agricultural products to steel and lead.

  6. TREATMENT OF CAR WASH WASTEWATER VIA NOVEL TECHNOLOGIES FOR RECYCLING AND REUTILIZATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wen-Kai Tu; Chia-Chi Chang; Ching-Yuan Chang; Dar-Ren Ji; Jyi-Yeong Tseng; Chun-Yu Chiu; Yi-Hung Chen; Chiung-Fen Chang; Yue-Hwa Yu

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the applicability of the processes of sedimentation (SED), surface degreasing (SDG), sand filtration (SF), ozonation (OZ), UV irradiation and membrane separation (MS) for the recycling and reutilization of car wash wastewater (denoted as c-water). At the car wash station, the c-water is collected in an open-channel that flows into a settling tank. The grease on the surface

  7. Experimental study of variations in background radiation and the effect on Nuclear Car Wash sensitivity

    SciTech Connect

    Church, J; Slaughter, D; Norman, E; Asztalos, S; Biltoft, P

    2007-02-07

    Error rates in a cargo screening system such as the Nuclear Car Wash [1-7] depend on the standard deviation of the background radiation count rate. Because the Nuclear Car Wash is an active interrogation technique, the radiation signal for fissile material must be detected above a background count rate consisting of cosmic, ambient, and neutron-activated radiations. It was suggested previously [1,6] that the Corresponding negative repercussions for the sensitivity of the system were shown. Therefore, to assure the most accurate estimation of the variation, experiments have been performed to quantify components of the actual variance in the background count rate, including variations in generator power, irradiation time, and container contents. The background variance is determined by these experiments to be a factor of 2 smaller than values assumed in previous analyses, resulting in substantially improved projections of system performance for the Nuclear Car Wash.

  8. Effect of exhaust emissions on carbon monoxide levels in employees working at indoor car wash facilities

    PubMed Central

    Topacoglu, H; Katsakoglou, S; Ipekci, A

    2014-01-01

    Background: Exhaust emissions from motor vehicles threaten the environment and human health. Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning, especially the use of exhaust gas CO in suicidal attempts is well known in the literature. Recently, indoor car wash facilities established in large shopping malls with closed parking, lots is a new risk area that exposes car wash employees to prolonged periods of high level CO emissions from cars. The aim of this study was to investigate how carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) blood levels of employees get affected in confined areas with relatively poor air circulation. Methods: Twenty male volunteers working in indoor parking car wash facilities were included in the study. Participants were informed about the aim of this study and their consent was obtained. Their pulse COHb levels were measured twice, at the beginning and at the end of the working day using Rad-57 pulse CO-oximeter device, allowing non-invasive measurement of COHb blood levels to compare the changes in their COHb levels before and after work. Results: The mean age of the male volunteers was 29.8 ± 11.9 (range 18-55). While the mean COHb levels measured at the start of the working day was 2.1 ± 2.0 (range 0-9), it was increased to 5.2 ± 3.3 (range 1-15) at the end of work shift (Wilcoxon test, p <0.001). There was a statistically significant difference in COHb levels between the beginning and the end of the work shift in smoker subjects, while the difference was not significant in the non-smoking group (Wilcoxon test, p=0.001, p=0.102, respectively). Conclusion: The COHb blood levels of indoor car wash facility employees is directly impacted and gets elevated by motor vechile exhaust emissions. For the health of the employees at indoor parking car wash facilities, stricter precautions are needed and the government should not give permit to such operations. PMID:25125950

  9. EVMS Certification CAR/CIO Status 4/24/12 Corrective Action Requests (CARs)

    E-print Network

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    EVMS Certification CAR/CIO Status 4/24/12 Corrective Action Requests (CARs) Page 1 of 6 CAR01: Acceleration of schedule and added scope without formal baseline change Recommendation and DOEOFES. Action Taken ­ CAR01: ­ An Engineering Change Proposal (ECP004) was approved (10Nov2011

  10. Nuclear Car Wash sensitivity in varying thicknesses of wood and steel cargo

    SciTech Connect

    Church, J; Slaughter, D; Asztalos, S; Biltoft, P; Descalle, M; Hall, J; Manatt, D; Mauger, J; Norman, E; Petersen, D; Prussin, S

    2006-10-05

    The influence of incident neutron attenuation on signal strengths in the Nuclear Car Wash has been observed experimentally for both wood and steel-pipe mock cargos. Measured decay curves are presented for {beta}-delayed high-energy {gamma}-rays and thermalized neutrons following neutron-induced fission of HEU through varying irradiation lengths. Error rates are extracted for delayed-{gamma} and delayed-n signals integrated to 30 seconds, assuming Gaussian distributions for the active background. The extrapolation to a field system of 1 mA deuterium current and to a 5 kg sample size is discussed.

  11. Environmental assessment, p-019, Medical/Dental Clinic; Navy Exchange, Gas Station/Car Wash Facility

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    In accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 as amended, and OPNAVINST 5O90.lB, Chapter 2, an Environmental Assessment is to be prepared when a Federal action has the potential to impact the human environment. At Naval Security Group Activity Northwest (hereafter Northwest or the Installation), a new medical/dental clinic is proposed for construction. A Navy Exchange (NEX) and gas station with car wash have also been proposed for construction in the vicinity of the medical/dental clinic. Construction of the projects will not take place during the same timeframe. The first project, the medical/dental clinic, is scheduled for construction in FY96. The projects are sited for the northeastern portion of the Installation. This action, its justification and need, and associated environmental impacts directly or indirectly caused by the action will be assessed.

  12. Screening of SDS-degrading bacteria from car wash wastewater and study of the alkylsulfatase enzyme activity

    PubMed Central

    Shahbazi, Razieh; Kasra-Kermanshahi, Roha; Gharavi, Sara; Moosavi-Nejad, Zahra; Borzooee, Faezeh

    2013-01-01

    Background and Objectives Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) is one of the main surfactant components in detergents and cosmetics, used in high amounts as a detergent in products such as shampoos, car wash soap and toothpaste. Therefore, its bioremediation by suitable microorganisms is important. Alkylsulfatase is an enzyme that hydrolyses sulfate -ester bonds to give inorganic sulfate and alcohol. The purpose of this study was to isolate SDS–degrading bacteria from Tehran city car wash wastewater, study bacterial alkylsulfatase enzyme activity and identify the alkylsulfatase enzyme coding gene. Materials and Methods Screening of SDS-degrading bacteria was carried out on basal salt medium containing SDS as the sole source of carbon. Amount of SDS degraded was assayed by methylene blue active substance (MBAS). Results and Conclusion Identification of the sdsA gene was carried by PCR and subsequent sequencing of the 16S rDNA gene and biochemical tests identified Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This bacterium is able to degrade 84% of SDS after four days incubation. Bacteria isolated from car wash wastewater were shown to carry the sdsA gene (670bp) and the alkylsulfatase enzyme specific activity expressed from this gene was determined to be 24.3 unit/mg. The results presented in this research indicate that Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a suitable candidate for SDS biodegradation. PMID:23825734

  13. Description of ALARMA: the alarm algorithm developed for the Nuclear Car Wash

    SciTech Connect

    Luu, T; Biltoft, P; Church, J; Descalle, M; Hall, J; Manatt, D; Mauger, J; Norman, E; Petersen, D; Pruet, J; Prussin, S; Slaughter, D

    2006-11-28

    The goal of any alarm algorithm should be that it provide the necessary tools to derive confidence limits on whether the existence of fissile materials is present in cargo containers. It should be able to extract these limits from (usually) noisy and/or weak data while maintaining a false alarm rate (FAR) that is economically suitable for port operations. It should also be able to perform its analysis within a reasonably short amount of time (i.e. {approx} seconds). To achieve this, it is essential that the algorithm be able to identify and subtract any interference signature that might otherwise be confused with a fissile signature. Lastly, the algorithm itself should be user-intuitive and user-friendly so that port operators with little or no experience with detection algorithms may use it with relative ease. In support of the Nuclear Car Wash project at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, we have developed an alarm algorithm that satisfies the above requirements. The description of the this alarm algorithm, dubbed ALARMA, is the purpose of this technical report. The experimental setup of the nuclear car wash has been well documented [1, 2, 3]. The presence of fissile materials is inferred by examining the {beta}-delayed gamma spectrum induced after a brief neutron irradiation of cargo, particularly in the high-energy region above approximately 2.5 MeV. In this region naturally occurring gamma rays are virtually non-existent. Thermal-neutron induced fission of {sup 235}U and {sup 239}P, on the other hand, leaves a unique {beta}-delayed spectrum [4]. This spectrum comes from decays of fission products having half-lives as large as 30 seconds, many of which have high Q-values. Since high-energy photons penetrate matter more freely, it is natural to look for unique fissile signatures in this energy region after neutron irradiation. The goal of this interrogation procedure is a 95% success rate of detection of as little as 5 kilograms of fissile material while retaining at most .1% false alarm rate. Plywood is used to simulate hydrogenous cargo material and steel (pipes) is used to simulate metallic cargo. The wood consists of 120 x 240 cm sheets and has approximately .65 g/cm{sup 3}. The steel pipes have approximately 10 cm diameters x 6.4 mm wall thickness are .6 g/cm{sup 3}. Fissile sources consist of a ''large'' (380 g) and ''small'' (250 g) sample of HEU (U{sub 3}O{sub 8} 94% enriched). Note that the masses of the HEU sources used in our experimental runs are at least an order of magnitude smaller than 5 kilograms. Runs are done with either wood or steel cargoes stacked at various heights and the HEU sources placed at various depths within the cargo.

  14. Status and progress in sludge washing: A pivotal pretreatment method

    SciTech Connect

    Barton, W.B.; MacLean, G.T.; Meng, C.D.; Winkler, C.M.

    1995-01-01

    Separation of the bulk soluble chemical salts from the insoluble metal hydroxides and radionuclides is central to the strategy of disposing Hanford tank waste. Sludge washing and caustic leaching have been selected as the primary methods for processing the 230 million L (61,000,000 gal) of Hanford tank waste. These processes are very similar to those selected for processing waste at the West Valley Site in New York and the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. The purpose of sludge washing is to dissolve and remove the soluble salts in the waste. Leaching of the insoluble solids with caustic will be used to dissolve aluminum hydroxide and chromium hydroxide, and convert insoluble bismuth phosphate to soluble phosphate. The waste will be separated into a high-level solids fraction and a liquid fraction that can be disposed of as low-level waste after cesium removal. The washing and leaching operations involve batchwise mixing, settling, and decanting within the existing underground storage tanks.

  15. Cervical status after neck sprains in frontal and rear-end car impacts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Olle B. Bunketorp; Lena K. Elisson

    ObjectiveTo compare the cervical status after neck sprains in frontal and rear-end car impacts with respect to earlier proposed neck-sprain injury mechanisms, rotated head at impact, and the seat-belt geometry.

  16. Electric car Gasoline car

    E-print Network

    ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preferences. · Identification of population segments with a strong interest for electric cars. · Forecasting

  17. Status report: Pretreatment chemistry evaluation FY1997 -- Wash and leach factors for the single-shell tank waste inventory

    SciTech Connect

    Colton, N.G.

    1997-08-01

    The wash factors will be used to partition the single-shell tank (SST) inventory into soluble and insoluble portions. The leach factors will be used to estimate the further removal of bulk analytes, such as chromium, aluminum, and phosphate, as well as minor components. Wash and leach factors are given here for 18 analytes, elements expected to drive the volume of material disposed of as high-level waste (HLW). These factors are determined by a weighting methodology developed earlier by this task. Tank-specific analyte inventory values depicted in Tank Waste Data Summary Worksheets, are calculated from concentrations obtained from characterization reports; the waste density; and the tank waste volume. The experimentally determined percentage of analytes removed by washing and leaching in a particular tank waste are translated into a mass (metric tons) in Experimental Washing and Leaching Data Summary Worksheets.

  18. Status Report: Pretreatment chemistry evaluation-Wash and leach factors for the single-shell tank waste inventory

    SciTech Connect

    Colton, N.G.

    1996-09-01

    This report discusses a methodology developed to depict overall wash and leach factors for the Hanford single-shell tank (SST) inventory. The factors derived from this methodology, which is based on available partitioning data, are applicable to a composite SST inventory rather than only an assumed insoluble portion. The purpose of considering the entire inventory is to provide a more representative picture of the partitioning behavior of the analytes during envisioned waste retrieval and processing activities. The work described in this report was conducted by the Pretreatment Chemistry Evaluation task of the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS). The leach factors will be used to estimate the further removal of analytes, such as sodium, aluminum, phosphate, and other minor components. Wash and leach factors are given for elements expected to drive the volume of material disposed of as high-level waste (HLW).

  19. Status and Trends in Large Scale CFD Applications for Vehicle Design at Volvo Car Corporation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas Borg

    The role of Computational Fluid Dynamics, or CFD as an important tool for solving fluid dynamical issues and designing vehicle sub systems in the automotive industry is yet to grow. In this paper we discuss the current use of Large Scale CFD computations at Volvo Car Corporation. A short historical survey is given on the development of meshing and computational

  20. Art Cars

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Science Museum of Minnesota

    2012-06-04

    In this activity, learners design miniature cars. Learners can create a telephone car, soccer car, merry-go-round car, or any other theme car they can imagine. Learners can also choose to construct moving sculptures to ride inside, motorize the car, build an obstacle course, and/or have a mini art car parade.

  1. Car Park 31 Car Park 23

    E-print Network

    Tobar, Michael

    Car Park 31 CarPark30 Car Park 1 Car Park 2 Car Park 23 Car Park 20 CarPark19 Car Park 29 Car Park 17 Car Park 16 Car Park 3 CarPark35 CarPark15 Car Park 14 Car Park 9 Car Park 33 CarPark6 CarPark5 Car Park 18 Car Park 10 Car Park 7 CaCa 8rkCCCCC PaPa kkCaCarrr P Car Park 8 Car Park 8 CarPark 21 Car

  2. An Embedded Acquisition System for Remote Monitoring of Tire Status in F1 Race Cars through Thermal Images

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giovanni Danese; Mauro Giachero; Francesco Leporati; Nelson Nazzicari; M. Nobis

    2008-01-01

    One of the most critical performance factors for race car is tires management. In particular, the main factor which provides information about the workload of tires is the temperature. Until now, the race engineerpsilas knowledge of how the tires performed has traditionally been limited to temperature readings, manually taken when the car returns to the pits. It does not provide

  3. Car Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meilach, Dona Z.

    2002-01-01

    Discusses car art and its appeal to boys and girls. Describes the popularity of customizing cars, focusing on this as a future career for students. Includes a list of project ideas that focuses on car art. (CMK)

  4. Wash This Way

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    American Chemical Society

    2011-01-01

    In this activity on page 4 of the PDF, learners investigate the importance of washing their hands. Learners "dirty" their hands with cooking spray and glitter and then clean their hands using various hand-washing techniques. Learners compare the hand-washing techniques and discuss how germs can be harmful. Safety notes: Safety goggles are required. Follow all of Milli's safety tips on the bottom of the page.

  5. SOIL WASHING TREATMENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Soil washing is a water-based process for mechanically scrubbing soils ex-situ to remove undesirable contaminants. he process removes contaminants from soils in one of two ways: by dissolving or suspending them in the wash solution (which is later treated by conventional wastewat...

  6. Scrap car recycling in Taiwan

    SciTech Connect

    Lee, C.H.; Tai, H.S.; Fan, R.K.S.

    1997-12-31

    The official figure of registered automobiles released by the Ministry of Transportation of Taiwan, R.O.C. as of the end of April 1996, is approximately 4.8 millions. Among them, 18% of the cars are between seven and ten years old and 15% of the cars are old than ten years. The result of this large number of old cars is the problem of abandoned cars on the street of Taiwan. This phenomena not only hinders traffic flow but also undermines the living quality in the cities. To minimize these negative effects, EPA has promulgated a Scrap Motor Vehicles Management Regulation to enforce the scrap car recycling in Taiwan. Under this regulation, a buyer of a new vehicle has to pay the Scrap Motor Vehicle Disposal fee (NT$ 3000, or US$ 110 for a car; and NT$ 700, or US$ 25 for a motorcycle). This paper presents the current status of scrap car recycling in Taiwan.

  7. Cable Car

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Watsonville Environmental Science Workshop

    2011-01-01

    In this activity, learners string a line across the room and build cable cars that can move from on end to the other. Learners construct their cable cars out of wood sticks, motors, and electrical circuits. Use this activity to introduce how cable cars work as well as physics principles related to center of gravity, rotational motion, electricity, and motors.

  8. Electric cars

    SciTech Connect

    Worsnop, R.L.

    1993-07-09

    This article is devoted entirely to the subject of electric cars. Some of the topics covered are alternate fuels in relation to development of electric cars, the impact of zero-emission laws, the range and performance of electric cars, historical aspects, legislative incentives, and battery technology.

  9. Solvent wash solution

    DOEpatents

    Neace, James C. (Blackville, SC)

    1986-01-01

    Process for removing diluent degradation products from a solvent extraction solution, which has been used to recover uranium and plutonium from spent nuclear fuel. A wash solution and the solvent extraction solution are combined. The wash solution contains (a) water and (b) up to about, and including, 50 volume percent of at least one-polar water-miscible organic solvent based on the total volume of the water and the highly-polar organic solvent. The wash solution also preferably contains at least one inorganic salt. The diluent degradation products dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent and the organic solvent extraction solvent do not dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent. The highly-polar organic solvent and the extraction solvent are separated.

  10. Soil washing technology evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Suer, A.

    1995-04-01

    Environmental Restoration Engineering (ERE) continues to review innovative, efficient, and cost effective technologies for SRS soil and/or groundwater remediation. As part of this effort, this technical evaluation provides review and the latest information on the technology for SRS soil remediation. Additional technology evaluation reports will be issued periodically to update these reports. The purpose of this report is to review the soil washing technology and its potential application to SRS soil remediation. To assess whether the Soil Washing technology is a viable option for SRS soil remediation, it is necessary to review the technology/process, technology advantages/limitations, performance, applications, and cost analysis.

  11. Domestic wash water reclamation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hall, J. B., Jr.; Batten, C. E.; Wilkins, J. R.

    1974-01-01

    System consists of filtration unit, reverse-osmosis module, tanks, pumps, plumbing, and various gauges, meters, and valves. After water is used in washing machine or shower, it is collected in holding tank. Water is pumped through series of five particulate filters. Pressure tank supplies processed water to commode water closet.

  12. CAR-TO-CAR AND CAR-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    CAR-TO-CAR AND CAR-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM BASED ON NEMO AND MANET IN IPv6 Thierry are therefore embedding such mechanisms into our autonomous electric car developed at INRIA (CyCab). NEMO

  13. Wheat Evolution: Dough Washing

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

    2012-01-01

    In this activity (page 5), learners investigate the evolution of wheat by washing different types of dough with water and comparing the results. The evolution of wheat from wild grasses demonstrates the dramatic effect of both natural and directed evolution on the structure of a crop plant and the chemical makeup of the product harvested from it. These activities illustrate the changes to both the structure and the chemistry of the wheat plant.

  14. Enzymes for low temperature washing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. H. Nielsen; S. J. Jepsen; H. Outtrup

    1981-01-01

    The increasing use of synthetic fibers which cannot tolerate temperatures above 50–60 C has changed the washing habits during\\u000a the past 5–10 years toward the use of lower washing temperatures. Furthermore, the energy crisis has focused interest on washing\\u000a at ambient temperatures for the purpose of saving energy. In order to compensate for the lower washing efficiency at decreased\\u000a temperatures,

  15. Aqueous chemical wash compositions

    SciTech Connect

    Bannister, C.E.

    1987-07-21

    This patent describes an aqueous, substantially unfoamed chemical wash composition having properties making it suitable for use as a pre-flush in well cementing operations and/or for removal of drilling mud from a borehole at a temperature of from about 150/sup 0/F to about 270/sup 0/F, the wash a. being predominantly composed of water, b. containing an active surfactant component comprising a combination of (1) from about 0.1 to about 1.5 weight percent (total weight basis) of a water soluble anionic surfactant; (2) from about 0.1 to about 1.5 weight percent (total weight basis) of a nonionic surfactant; and (3) from about 0.05 to about 0.54 weight percent (total weight basis) of at least one water soluble amphoteric surfactant, and c. having dispersed therein a heterogeneous mixture of distinct particles comprising both a first particulate oil soluble resin which is friable and a second particulate oil soluble resin which is pliable and where the size of the friable resin particles ranges from about 0.5 to about 300 microns and the size of the pliable resin particles ranges from about 0.05 to about 30 microns. The amount of the friable-pliable resin mixture is sufficient to impart effective fluid loss control to the chemical wash composition.

  16. Rotary rail car dumper coal-dust-suppressant experiment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. H. Meyer; L. G. Hereford; M. J. Lenkevich

    1984-01-01

    A rotary rail car dumper dust-suppressant experiment was performed at the PEPCO Morgantown Power Plant coal handling facility, Newburg, Maryland during the late summer and early fall of 1983. From previous observations of rotary coal car dumping, it was observed that large amounts of dust, especially for washed coal, were generated from the exposed top layer of coal in the

  17. Car Sharing Scheme Car Share Scheme

    E-print Network

    Martin, Ralph R.

    Car Sharing Scheme Car Share Scheme The cost is now reduced to £10 per member of staff per car that is used to travel to and from work on occasions, i.e. where two cars may have originally been parked on Campus at the same time the scheme is aimed at reducing this to one car. Staff members who car

  18. Petroleum Car

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    Petroleum first saw widespread use in the transporation industry as a lubricant. It was refined into various products depending on which part of the engine they were meant to lubricate. It was transported in tanker cars like this one....

  19. Bottle Cars

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-09-12

    In this activity, learners explore motion, energy, and electricity by constructing bottle cars that run on motors. Learners can make two different types of cars: a 1-bottle model and a 2-bottle model. Use this activity to introduce learners to potential energy, kinetic energy, friction, and circuits. Note: a drill and drill bits may be used during this activity, but are not included in the cost of materials.

  20. Car wars

    SciTech Connect

    Russell, D.

    1996-01-01

    With a 1998 deadline looming for electric vehicles to go into mass production (2% of all new cars sold in California, Massachusetts, and New York must not have tail pipe pollution), the major automakers and oil companies have started to attack. This article describes and evaluates charges used in the attacks and the alternative technology possibilities.

  1. Balloon Car

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    WGBH Boston

    2002-01-01

    In this physics activity, challenge learners to make and race a balloon-powered car. Learners construct the body out of a paper cup, wheels out of wooden spools. and fuel tank out of a balloon. Demonstrate motion, forces, and kinetic and potential energy.

  2. Washing Fresh Fruits and Vegetables 

    E-print Network

    Scott, Amanda

    2008-09-05

    . Examples of pathogens include Salmonella, E. coli 0157:H7 and Hepatitis A. If you eat a contaminated fruit or vegetable, it could cause a foodborne illness. Common signs of foodborne illness in- clude nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache and fever.... These signs usually appear within 12 to 72 hours from the time the food was eaten. Foodborne illness can be serious. To re- duce your risk, follow these steps for wash- ing fresh fruits and vegetables. Wash your hands and cooking areas Wash your hands...

  3. Hand Washing in Emergency Situations

    E-print Network

    Schoessow, Courtney

    2005-09-30

    - nated. However, it is still important for you and your family to wash your hands often to avoid illness. When should you wash your hands? ? Before preparing or eating food ? After using the bathroom ? After changing diapers or cleaning a child who... the number of Hand Washing in Emergency Situations germs on your skin. Remember: Products vary in the amount of the hand rub needed to reduce the number of bacteria on your hands. Read the product details on the back of the container for directions...

  4. Car sick.

    PubMed

    Renner, M G

    1988-01-01

    The automobile is currently seen as the most desirable mode of transportation. However, this view needs to be changed since the proliferation of the automobile worldwide is leading to the poisoning of the environment and people. In the US the number of passenger cars grew 51% between 1971-86 and in the noncommunist industrialized community that figure is 71%. The gasoline and diesel fuel used to power the overwhelming majority of cars creates a variety of problems. The pollution is estimated to have a hidden cost of US $.80/gallon. Others estimate that the pollution causes 30,000 premature deaths annually just in the US. 75% of the carbon monoxide (CO), 48% of nitrogen oxides (NO2), 13% of particulates (P), and 3% of sulfur (S) emissions come from cars in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which includes the US, Canada, Western Europe, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. 17% of all worldwide carbon dioxide (CO2) emission comes from the production and use of fossil fuels for cars. The single biggest problem associated with cars is the photochemical smog they create in urban areas. In 1986 75 million Americans lived in areas that failed to meet national air quality standards for CO, P, and ozone (03). The only area of major improvement has been the removal of lead from gasoline. It was known to cause problems from the beginning of its use in the 1920s, but remained for 50 years because of auto and oil company pressure. Ground 03 is estimated by the US government to cost US $4 billion in annual losses, just for corn, wheat, soybeans, and peanuts. Acid rain is the other major problem associated with cars, and its damage is estimated at US $5 billion annually. Both these problems are shortterm, their effects occur immediately; the longterm disadvantage is the build up of CO2 and its contribution to the greenhouse effect. While the US is at the forefront of regulation and many other countries are modeling their emission regulations after the US, the current system will not result in clean air. The government must not be guided by the auto and oil industries when determining the regulations to make the air clean. PMID:12317328

  5. 7 CFR 58.429 - Washing machine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Washing machine. 58.429 Section 58.429 Agriculture...Equipment and Utensils § 58.429 Washing machine. When used, the washing machine for cheese cloths and bandages shall be...

  6. 7 CFR 58.429 - Washing machine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Washing machine. 58.429 Section 58.429 Agriculture...Equipment and Utensils § 58.429 Washing machine. When used, the washing machine for cheese cloths and bandages shall be...

  7. Transportation & Work: Exploring Car Usage and Employment Outcomes

    E-print Network

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Transportation & Work: Exploring Car Usage and Employment Outcomes in the LSAL Data Field Area information on car ownership as well as employment history, literacy proficiency, and measures of social networks. This analysis addresses the role of car usage in employment outcomes such as employment status

  8. CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium DCC Workshop

    E-print Network

    Gesbert, David

    CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium DCC Workshop Audi, Ingolstadt, Germany July 11th 2012 ETSI DCC Standardization Activities Report of the ETSI STF 420/447 activities Jérôme Härri, EURECOM #12;Joint work ­ CAR 2 CAR and ETSI ETSI created a Specialist Task Force STF 420 to address the aspect of multi

  9. car goat goat 1 Car Goat Goat

    E-print Network

    McCann, Robert J.

    car goat goat 1 Car Goat Goat One of the most successful problems I have used with high school kids is the now notorious "car and two goats" problem. Its fascinating history certainly accounts, in some measure by the (male) host. Behind one of these there is a car, and behind each of the other two there is a goat. She

  10. Enhanced sludge washing evaluation plan

    SciTech Connect

    Jensen, R.D.

    1994-09-01

    The Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Program mission is to store, treat, and immobilize highly radioactive Hanford Site waste (current and future tank waste and the strontium/cesium capsules) in an environmentally sound, safe, and cost-effective manner. The scope of the TWRS Waste Pretreatment Program is to treat tank waste and separate that waste into HLW and LLW fractions and provide additional treatment as required to feed LLW and HLW immobilization facilities. Enhanced sludge washing was chosen as the baseline process for separating Hanford tank waste sludge. Section 1.0 briefly discusses the purpose of the evaluation plan and provides the background that led to the choice of enhanced sludge washing as the baseline process. Section 2.0 provides a brief summary of the evaluation plan details. Section 3.0 discusses, in some detail, the technical work planned to support the evaluation of enhanced sludge washing. Section 4.0 briefly discusses the potential important of policy issues to the evaluation. Section 5.0 discusses the methodology to be used in the evaluation process. Section 6.0 summarizes the milestones that have been defined to complete the enhanced sludge washing evaluation and provides a summary schedule to evaluate the performance of enhanced sludge washing. References are identified in Section 7.0, and additional schedule and milestone information is provided in the appendices.

  11. Modeling car ownership and usage: a dynamic discrete-continuous choice modeling approach

    E-print Network

    Bierlaire, Michel

    Modeling car ownership and usage: a dynamic discrete-continuous choice modeling approach Aur-continuous choice model (DDCCM) of car own- ership and usage. This model embeds a discrete-continuous choice model driving distance, the fuel type, the car ownership status and the car state (i.e. the purchase of a new

  12. Car Parking and Access Car Parking

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    of vehicles are expected for an event, guidance and advice on producing a car parking management plan the campus at an early stage in the planning process, to check on the location of car parks and pedestrian, as part of such a visit. Where the University has deemed it necessary for a car parking management plan

  13. Hand Washing in Emergency Situations 

    E-print Network

    Schoessow, Courtney

    2005-09-30

    the number of Hand Washing in Emergency Situations germs on your skin. Remember: Products vary in the amount of the hand rub needed to reduce the number of bacteria on your hands. Read the product details on the back of the container for directions...

  14. A Window-Washing Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roman, Harry T.

    2010-01-01

    Skyscrapers sure do have a lot of windows, and these windows are cleaned and checked regularly. All this takes time, money, and puts workers at potential risk. Might there be a better way to do it? In this article, the author discusses a window-washing challenge and describes how students can tackle this task, pick up the challenge, and creatively…

  15. Abdominopelvic washings: A comprehensive review

    PubMed Central

    Rodriguez, Erika F.; Monaco, Sara E.; Khalbuss, Walid; Austin, R. Marshall; Pantanowitz, Liron

    2013-01-01

    Intraperitoneal spread may occur with gynecological epithelial neoplasms, as well as with non-gynecological malignancies, which may result in serosal involvement with or without concomitant effusion. Therefore, washings in patients with abdominopelvic tumors represent important specimens for cytologic examination. They are primarily utilized for staging ovarian cancers, although their role has decreased in staging of endometrial and cervical carcinoma. Abdominopelvic washings can be positive in a variety of pathologic conditions, including benign conditions, borderline neoplastic tumors, locally invasive tumors, or distant metastases. In a subset of cases, washings can be diagnostically challenging due to the presence of co-existing benign cells (e.g., mesothelial hyperplasia, endosalpingiosis, or endometriosis), lesions in which there is only minimal atypia (e.g., serous borderline tumors) or scant atypical cells, and the rarity of specific tumor types (e.g., mesothelioma). Ancillary studies including immunocytochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization may be required in difficult cases to resolve the diagnosis. This article provides a comprehensive and contemporary review of abdominopelvic washings in the evaluation of gynecologic and non-gynecologic tumors, including primary peritoneal and mesothelial entities. PMID:23858317

  16. Health Monitoring System for Car Seat

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Elrod, Susan Vinz (Inventor); Dabney, Richard W. (Inventor)

    2004-01-01

    A health monitoring system for use with a child car seat has sensors mounted in the seat to monitor one or more health conditions of the seat's occupant. A processor monitors the sensor's signals and generates status signals related to the monitored conditions. A transmitter wireless transmits the status signals to a remotely located receiver. A signaling device coupled to the receiver produces at least one sensory (e.g., visual, audible, tactile) output based on the status signals.

  17. Visitor's Car Parking Information

    E-print Network

    Visitor's Car Parking Information What do I need to do? If you're coming to campus by car, then you to the University and provide them with your name and car registration details). Please ensure you receive from one of our machines which are situated in the car parks. Do I need to pay? Yes, 30p per hour or £2

  18. Consumer's electric car

    SciTech Connect

    Wakefield, E.H.

    1980-01-01

    Offers fascinating details about electric cars, how they work, their construction, their power sources and complete information on future prospects. Topics include: design of electric vehicles - present and future; efficiency comparisons of electric and gasoline cars; electric car battery and charging systems; alternate motors and controls; troubleshooting an electric car; and other propulsion energies. 88 figures.

  19. 17. CABLE CAR #22, VIEW SHOWING CAR ROUNDING CORNER IN ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. CABLE CAR #22, VIEW SHOWING CAR ROUNDING CORNER IN LOADING AREA NEXT TO CAR DUMP AND CAR DUMP BUILDING - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

  20. Wastewater washing screens out solids

    SciTech Connect

    Mitchell, D.G. [Hycor Corp., Lake Bluff, IL (United States)

    1994-09-01

    Screening, as practiced by most municipal wastewater treatment plants, involves the manual or mechanical separation of all undesirable solids that flow into the sewer system. This consists of putresible or rotting material and inert solids such as paper, food, leaves, plastics, rubber, rocks, glass, metal and cigarette butts. These constituents, if not removed, clog downstream equipment and put a heavy load on aeration basins, dissolved air flotation equipment and digesters. Screenings washing is just entering the U.S. market with numerous benefits including increased efficiency, economics, safer work environment, and the ability to meet more stringent regulations.

  1. Car Seat Safety

    MedlinePLUS

    ... certified child passenger safety technician.) Guidelines for Choosing Car Seats Choose a seat with a label that ... about 16 kilograms), depending on the model. Infant car seats should always be installed to face the ...

  2. Capital Needs: Coach Cars

    E-print Network

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Capital Needs: Mechanical #12;Coach Cars · Deteriorating Conditions Widespread Worn & Patched Seating Corrosion Damage End Door Area Patch Under Seating Area Floor Bulges & Patch Repairs #12;Coach Car Maintenance Needs · This is an example of Metra's schedule for the life of their coach cars. Year 2048Year

  3. Rubber Band Car

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    WGBH

    2010-01-01

    In this design challenge activity, learners build a car that can travel at least four feet using rubber band power and use the design process to debug problems. Learners can follow up this activity with the "Motorized Car" and "Customized Car" activities in the Leader Notes guide.

  4. Keeping cars from crashing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. D. Jones

    2001-01-01

    Adaptive cruise control is here, the first step toward systems that can help cars keep their distance on crowded highways. These adaptive cruise control (ACC) systems use laser beams or radar to measure the distance from the vehicle they are in to the car ahead and its speed relative to theirs. If a car crosses into the lane ahead, say,

  5. Fuelling future cars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. K. SHUKLA

    2005-01-01

    The pressing need to improve the global urban air quality has prov ided the impetus for electric cars. Over the years, a great deal of research and development work has been carried out, and is still underway, on various types of electric cars. This article presents an assessment on the power and energy requirements of th e electric cars, and

  6. Washing practices on the microflora on Georgia-grown cantaloupes.

    PubMed

    Akins, E Deann; Harrison, Mark A; Hurst, William

    2008-01-01

    In recent years, several foodborne illness outbreaks have been associated with the consumption of cantaloupe. Cantaloupes can be contaminated with pathogens anywhere from the field to the packing line. In the United States, cantaloupes are handled and packed differently in each state. Georgia-grown cantaloupes are brought to sheds, washed, and packed, whereas California-grown cantaloupes are field packed. In this study, the microbiological status of cantaloupes produced by four Georgia growers that use various washing and packing practices was assessed to determine the influence of these different practices. The facilities were visited four times during the harvest season. Aerobic bacteria, Escherichia coli, and coliforms on these Georgia-grown cantaloupes were enumerated in transport trailers, after washing, and after packing. Samples also were analyzed for the presence of Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7. In sheds 1 and 4, a chlorinated dump tank was used to wash melons. In sheds 2 and 3, heated water with chlorine was used in the dump tanks. Although there was a significant reduction (P < 0.05) in the populations of the aerobic bacteria and E. coli between the transport trailer and the dump tank for sheds 1 and 4, the reduction was less than 0.5 log CFU/cm2. The temperatures of the water in the dump tanks at sheds 2 and 3 were not high enough to effectively reduce the microbial populations evaluated. Populations on the melons increased slightly (< 0.5 log CFU/cm2) after the melons were removed from the dump tank, suggesting possible contamination after washing. PMID:18236661

  7. Intelligent Car System

    E-print Network

    Siddique, Qasim

    2012-01-01

    In modern life the road safety has becomes the core issue. One single move of a driver can cause horrifying accident. The main goal of intelligent car system is to make communication with other cars on the road. The system is able to control to speed, direction and the distance between the cars the intelligent car system is able to recognize traffic light and is able to take decision according to it. This paper presents a framework of the intelligent car system. I validate several aspect of our system using simulation.

  8. Electric car arrives - again

    SciTech Connect

    Dunn, S.

    1997-03-01

    The first mass-produced electric cars in modern times are here, although they are expensive, limited in capability and unfamiliar to most prospective consumers. This article presents a brief history of the reintroduction of the modern electric car as well as discussions of the limitations of development, alternative routes to both producing and selling electric cars or some modified version of electric cars, economic incentives and governmental policies, and finally a snapshot description of the future for electric cars. 6 refs., 1 tab.

  9. Wash water waste pretreatment system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1977-01-01

    Investigations were completed on wash waters based on each candidate personal cleansing agent. Evaluations of coagulants, antifoam agents, and the effect of promising antifoams on the chemical precipitation were included. Based on these evaluations two candidate soaps as well as their companion antifoam agents were selected for further work. Operating parameters included the effect of soap concentration, ferric chloride concentration, duration of mixing, and pore size of depth filters on the degree of soap removal. The effect of pressure on water flow through filter cartridges and on the rate of decline of water flow was also investigated. The culmination of the program was the recommendation of a pretreatment concept based on chemical precipitation followed by pressure filtration.

  10. What Kind of Car Am I? An Exercise to Sensitize Students to Social Class Inequality

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tiemann, Kathleen A.; Davis, Karen; Eide, Terri L.

    2006-01-01

    Americans are said to have a love affair with cars. Recent magazine articles have addressed automobiles as objects of status and desire and how particular cars have become American icons. The popularity of "Car Talk" on National Public Radio and television shows like "Monster Garage" and "Overhaulin'" also suggest their ongoing fascination with…

  11. 2014 Summer STEM Program : Car to Car Communication

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    2014 Summer STEM Program : Car to Car Communication Instructors: Monika Rathod and Dr. Imad car that is able to talk to other cars? If your answer is yes, then we have just the class for you! C Execute the plan, and test your prototype vehicle Join a team to build your car & see how it performs

  12. Sports Car Club 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    or eliminate the risk of the passenger track intrusion by derailing cars on adjacent track is of concern to the railroad authorities. The purpose of this study is through computer simulation to investigate the behavior of the train derailment and to determine... the feasibility of the use of a barrier wall to restrain derailing railroad cars. An analytical model has been developed for the simulation. In the theoretical analysis the equation of motion in the horizontal plane for each derailed car was derived...

  13. Building Model Solar Cars

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mr. Benenati

    2008-05-07

    You will investigate some of the components that go into designing your own model of a solar car. This is to kindle car design ideas, not limit them. Go to Chassis 1. What is the chassis? What does it do? 2. What is one obvious consideration? 3. What is the difference between strong and stiff? Which do you want your solar car body to be? 4. Under orientation, how can you stiffen a material? 5. Under materials, what material do you ...

  14. Railroad Car and Parts 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    Committee: Br. F. W. Plapp, Jr. In the house fly, Musca domestics L. , the phenotypes aristapedia (ar), tubby wing (:;tv, ) and carnation eye (car) are controlled by recce"ive allcles of genes located on chromosome II. Resistance tn parathion is also... controlled by a chromosome II gene. Three double-mutant strains ar;car, stw;car and ar;stw were developed and the relative genetic map positions oi ar, stw and car were determined. The linkage relationsnips of *he parathion resistance locus in relation...

  15. 2. VAL CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. VAL CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK WITH CAMERA STATION ABOVE LOOKING WEST TAKEN FROM RESERVOIR. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

  16. 18. CABLE CAR #21, DETAIL OF CAR COMING OUT OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. CABLE CAR #21, DETAIL OF CAR COMING OUT OF LOADING AREA OF CAR DUMP BUILDING - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

  17. 3. VAL CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    3. VAL CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK WITH THE VAL TO THE RIGHT, LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

  18. Health of a team competing in the 1990 World Solar Car Challenge.

    PubMed Central

    Moorhead, R G; Laurence, C

    1992-01-01

    The health of a team participating in the 1990 World Solar Car Challenge was recorded for 10 of the 11 race days. Morbidity was collected during daily consultations with the team doctor and the diagnoses were later converted to the ICPC code. Team members' self-perceived health status was also recorded daily, using the Nottingham Health Profile. Team drivers consulted the doctor more often than the support staff and the three full-time drivers had significantly more diagnoses than the support staff. The Nottingham Health Profile scores on sleep, energy and emotional reactions showed correlations between higher minimum temperatures and sleep for all team members and for the three full-time drivers, there were significant correlations between increasing maximum temperatures and emotional reaction scores. The morbidity records and perceived health scores reflect the conditions of the race. Twenty-five per cent of full-time driver consultations dealt with skin, eyelid or finger infections probably caused by the lack of washing water. The scores on sleep and emotional reactions were affected by temperature and previous research reports degradation in concentration and dual tasks with increasing temperature. This may account for the difficulty some drivers had in continuing their shifts. Close supervision of the drivers and the recording of their perceived health status helped reduce the health problems of the team. PMID:1625264

  19. Health of a team competing in the 1990 World Solar Car Challenge.

    PubMed

    Moorhead, R G; Laurence, C

    1992-06-01

    The health of a team participating in the 1990 World Solar Car Challenge was recorded for 10 of the 11 race days. Morbidity was collected during daily consultations with the team doctor and the diagnoses were later converted to the ICPC code. Team members' self-perceived health status was also recorded daily, using the Nottingham Health Profile. Team drivers consulted the doctor more often than the support staff and the three full-time drivers had significantly more diagnoses than the support staff. The Nottingham Health Profile scores on sleep, energy and emotional reactions showed correlations between higher minimum temperatures and sleep for all team members and for the three full-time drivers, there were significant correlations between increasing maximum temperatures and emotional reaction scores. The morbidity records and perceived health scores reflect the conditions of the race. Twenty-five per cent of full-time driver consultations dealt with skin, eyelid or finger infections probably caused by the lack of washing water. The scores on sleep and emotional reactions were affected by temperature and previous research reports degradation in concentration and dual tasks with increasing temperature. This may account for the difficulty some drivers had in continuing their shifts. Close supervision of the drivers and the recording of their perceived health status helped reduce the health problems of the team. PMID:1625264

  20. Wash water solids removal system study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1974-01-01

    During wash water purification, surfactants tend to precipitate and foul the RO membranes, causing water flux decline and loss of salt rejection. The use of 165 to 190 ppm ferric chloride and optionally 0.25 to 1.0 ppm polymeric flocculate precipitates 92 to 96 percent of the surfactant from an Olive Leaf Soap based wash water. Crossflow filtration and pressure filtration yield good soap rejection at high water flux rates. Post-treatment of the chemically pretreated and filtered wash water with activated charcoal removes the residual soap down to an undetectable level.

  1. Development assessment of wash water reclamation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Putnam, D. F.

    1976-01-01

    An analytical study assessment of state-of-the-art wash water reclamation technology is presented. It covers all non-phase-change unit operations, unit processes and subsystems currently under development by NASA. Each approach to wash water reclamation is described in detail. Performance data are given together with the projected weights and sizes of key components and subsystems. It is concluded that a simple multifiltration subsystem composed of surface-type cartridge filters, carbon adsorption and ion exchange resins is the most attractive approach for spacecraft wash water reclamation in earth orbital missions of up to 10 years in duration.

  2. Virtual Car: Velocity and Acceleration

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The representation depicts the changing motion of a car when the user controls speed and direction. The speed of the car is indicated with a green arrow, and the car's acceleration is indicated with a purple arrow.

  3. Bringing Electric Cars to Market

    E-print Network

    Sperling, Daniel

    1995-01-01

    Up for Press, Electric 1 QQ5). Studies, Cars" in In responseelectric vehicles (EVs) have emerged as promising alterna- tives to carsElectric-propulsion technology requires a fundamental shift in many aspects of car

  4. TANK 7 CHARACTERIZATION AND WASHING STUDIES

    SciTech Connect

    Lambert, D.; Pareizs, J.; Click, D.

    2010-02-04

    A 3-L PUREX sludge sample from Tank 7 was characterized and then processed through a series of inhibited water washes to remove oxalate, sodium, and other soluble ions. Current plans use Tank 7 as one of the feed sources for Sludge Batch 7 (SB7). Tank 7 is high in oxalate due to the oxalic acid cleaning of the sludge heels from Tanks 5 and 6 and subsequent transfer to Tank 7. Ten decant and nine wash cycles were performed over a 47 day period at ambient temperature. Initially, seven decants and seven washes were completed based on preliminary estimates of the number of wash cycles required to remove the oxalate in the sludge. After reviewing the composition data, SRNL recommended the completion of 2 or 3 more decant/wash cycles to ensure all of the sodium oxalate had redissolved. In the first 7 washes, the slurry oxalate concentration was 12,300 mg/kg (69.6% oxalate removal compared to 96.1% removal of the other soluble ions). After all ten decants were complete, the slurry oxalate concentration was 3,080 mg/kg (89.2% oxalate removal compared to 99.0% of the other soluble ions). The rate of dissolution of oxalate increased significantly with subsequent washes until all of the sodium oxalate had been redissolved after seven decant/wash cycles. The measured oxalate concentrations agreed very well with LWO predictions for washing of the Tank 7 sample. Highlights of the analysis and washing of the Tank 7 sample include: (1) Sodium oxalate was detected in the as-received filtered solids. 95% of the oxalate was insoluble (undissolved) in the as-received slurry. (2) No sodium oxalate was detected in the post-wash filtered solids. (3) Sodium oxalate is the last soluble species that redissolves during washing with inhibited water. In order to significantly reduce the sodium oxalate concentration, the sludge must be highly washed, leaving the other soluble anions and cations (including sodium) very low in concentration. (4) The post-wash slurry had 1% of the soluble anions and cations remaining, with the exception of sodium and oxalate, for which the percentages were 2.8% and 10.8% respectively. The post-wash sodium concentration was 9.25 wt% slurry total solids basis and 0.15 M supernate. (5) The settling rate of slurry was very fast allowing the completion of one decant/wash cycle each day. (6) The measured yield stress of as-received (6.42 wt% undissolved solids) and post-wash (7.77 wt% undissolved solids) slurry was <1 Pa. For rapidly settling slurries, it can be hard to measure the yield stress of the slurry so this result may be closer to the supernate result than the slurry. The recommended strategy for developing the oxalate target for sludge preparation for Sludge Batch 7 includes the following steps: (1) CPC simulant testing to determine the percent oxalate destruction and acid mix needed to produce a predicted redox of approximately 0.2 Fe{sup +2}/{Sigma}Fe in a SME product while meeting all DWPF processing constraints. (2) Perform a DWPF melter flammability assessment to ensure that the additional carbon in the oxalate together with other carbon sources will not lead to a flammability issue. (3) Perform a DWPF glass paper assessment to ensure the glass produced will meet all DWPF glass limits due to the sodium concentration in the sludge batch. The testing would need to be repeated if a significant CPC processing change, such as an alternative reductant to formic acid, is implemented.

  5. Clickable Fuel Cell Car

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Peter Tyson

    In this interactive, students can investigate a typical hydrogen fuel cell prototype car from its fuel cell stacks to its ultracapacitor, a kind of supplementary power source. The limited-production vehicle seen in this feature is a Honda 2005 FCX, which is typical of the kinds of hydrogen fuel cell cars that some major automakers are now researching and developing.

  6. Powering the electric car

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. O. Murray; G. J. Ostrowski

    1981-01-01

    The electric car may represent major new opportunities for America and its electric utilities. Widespread use of electric cars can reduce consumption of both imported and domestic oil, substituting abundant American fuels such as coal and nuclear power. Air and noise pollution can be reduced since emissions from a single power plant are easier to control than those from thousands

  7. Shuttle car loading system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collins, E. R., Jr. (inventor)

    1985-01-01

    A system is described for loading newly mined material such as coal, into a shuttle car, at a location near the mine face where there is only a limited height available for a loading system. The system includes a storage bin having several telescoping bin sections and a shuttle car having a bottom wall that can move under the bin. With the bin in an extended position and filled with coal the bin sections can be telescoped to allow the coal to drop out of the bin sections and into the shuttle car, to quickly load the car. The bin sections can then be extended, so they can be slowly filled with more while waiting another shuttle car.

  8. Wash water waste pretreatment system study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    The use of real wash water had no adverse effect on soap removal when an Olive Leaf soap based system was used; 96 percent of the soap was removed using ferric chloride. Numerous chemical agents were evaluated as antifoams for synthetic wash water. Wash water surfactants used included Olive Leaf Soap, Ivory Soap, Neutrogena and Neutrogena Rain Bath Gel, Alipal CO-436, Aerosol 18, Miranol JEM, Palmeto, and Aerosol MA-80. For each type of soapy wash water evaluated, at least one antifoam capable of causing nonpersistent foam was identified. In general, the silicones and the heavy metal ions (i.e., ferric, aluminum, etc.) were the most effective antifoams. Required dosage was in the range of 50 to 200 ppm.

  9. TRUCK WASHING TERMINAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL

    EPA Science Inventory

    A laboratory and pilot-scale investigation of a treatment sequence, including physical, chemical, and biological treatment steps led to a full-scale installation for the treatment of tank truck washing wastewater. The system included gravity separation, equalization, neutralizati...

  10. Car Crashes Without Cars: Research in Technology use and the

    E-print Network

    Grzybowski, Bartosz A.

    Car Crashes Without Cars: Research in Technology use and the Organization of Engineering Work Paul Technology Average Number of Frames to which PE in Car Group Average Number of Frames to which PE in Truck Groupto which PE in Car Group Exposed to which PE in Truck Group Exposed "Efficiency" Frames 13.01 3

  11. Adaptive Traffic Lights Using Car-to-Car Communication

    E-print Network

    Iftode, Liviu

    Adaptive Traffic Lights Using Car-to-Car Communication Victor Gradinescu, Cristian Gorgorin, Raluca, allowing cars to exchange information about road conditions. This is referred to in the literature coming from cars. We assume each vehicle is equipped with a short-range wireless communication device

  12. Winter Car Kit Suggested items to keep in your car

    E-print Network

    Myers, Lawrence C.

    Winter Car Kit Suggested items to keep in your car: Flashlights w/ extra batteries First aid kit w dangerous. Special care must be given to your car before the winter season appears and extra caution must. Even if you maintain control of your car, not everyone else will. So, don't get lulled into a false

  13. Physics in a Bouncing Car.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartlett, Albert A.

    1984-01-01

    Defines frame of reference for the analysis of motion in a moving car, discussing the interaction of the car body, the seat springs, and the passenger when the car goes over a bump. Provides a related, but more advanced, problem with the motion of cars involving angular acceleration. (JM)

  14. Towards CARS Endoscopy Franois Lgar*

    E-print Network

    Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

    Towards CARS Endoscopy François Légaré* Center for Nanoscale Systems and Department of Chemistry provide a proof-of-principle demonstration of CARS endoscopy. The design utilizes a single mode optical characteristics at intensities needed for endoscopy. CARS endoscopic images are recorded by collecting the epi-CARS

  15. Making CARS better Max Zimmerleya

    E-print Network

    Potma, Eric Olaf

    Making CARS better Max Zimmerleya , Hyun Min Kima , Desiré Whitmorea , Vishnu Vardhan is presented of recent trends in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy. We briefly discuss the influence of tissue scattering on the CARS signal, methods for controlling the CARS emission and prospects

  16. Men in a Car 

    E-print Network

    Unknown Cable Car  Unknown

    2011-09-05

    NTE-preparation. The detection technique used in the experiment was coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) and variations of this laser-based technique were optimized to maximize accuracy and signal-to-noise in the vibrational relaxation...

  17. Technical bases DWPF Late Washing Facility

    SciTech Connect

    Fish, D.L.; Landon, L.F.

    1992-08-10

    A task force recommended that the technical feasibility of a Late Wash' facility be assessed [1]. In this facility, each batch of tetraphenylborate slurry from Tank 49 would be given a final wash to reduce the concentrations of nitrite and radiolysis products to acceptable levels. Laboratory-scale studies have demonstrated that d the nitrite content of the slurry fed to DWPF is reduced to 0.01 M or less (and at least a 4X reduction in concentration of the soluble species is attained), (1) the need for HAN during hydrolysis is eliminated (eliminating the production of ammonium ion during hydrolysis), (2) hydrolysis may be done with a catalyst concentration that will not exceed the copper solubility in glass and (3) the non-polar organic production during hydrolysis is significantly reduced. The first phase of an aggressive research and development program has been completed and all test results obtained to date support the technical feasibility of Late Washing. Paralleling this research and development effort is an aggressive design study directed by DWPF to scope and cost retrofitting the Auxiliary Pump Pit (APP) to enable performing a final wash of each batch of precipitate slurry before R is transferred into the DWPF Soft Processing Cell (SPC). An initial technical bases for the Late Wash Facility was transmitted to DWPF on June 15, 1992. Research and development activities are continuing directed principally at optimization of the cross-f low fitter decontamination methodology and pilot-scale validation of the recommended benzene stripping metodology.

  18. Removal of naphthalene from recirculated wash oil

    SciTech Connect

    Burcaw, K.R.; Watkins, R.E.

    1981-09-01

    A bleed stream from the recirculating wash oil in a final cooling system for coke oven gas is centrifugally separated into a waste water stream, a sludge stream and a clean, dry oil stream which is substantially free of solids and has a water content less than 0.5% (Wt.). The clean, dry oil stream is heated to less than about 160/sup 0/C., preferably 125/sup 0/-135/sup 0/C, before entering a naphthalene stripper-wash oil still.

  19. Short Description of the CarRing II Simulator Within the CarRing II project, a software was developed for the simulation of

    E-print Network

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    Short Description of the CarRing II Simulator Within the CarRing II project, a software was developed for the simulation of intra-car communication. Our simulator is based on the known "Network Simulator 2" framework (ns-2). We have developed it to verify CarRing II's basic concepts, and to explore

  20. Aerodynamics of Race Cars

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katz, Joseph

    2006-01-01

    Race car performance depends on elements such as the engine, tires, suspension, road, aerodynamics, and of course the driver. In recent years, however, vehicle aerodynamics gained increased attention, mainly due to the utilization of the negative lift (downforce) principle, yielding several important performance improvements. This review briefly explains the significance of the aerodynamic downforce and how it improves race car performance. After this short introduction various methods to generate downforce such as inverted wings, diffusers, and vortex generators are discussed. Due to the complex geometry of these vehicles, the aerodynamic interaction between the various body components is significant, resulting in vortex flows and lifting surface shapes unlike traditional airplane wings. Typical design tools such as wind tunnel testing, computational fluid dynamics, and track testing, and their relevance to race car development, are discussed as well. In spite of the tremendous progress of these design tools (due to better instrumentation, communication, and computational power), the fluid dynamic phenomenon is still highly nonlinear, and predicting the effect of a particular modification is not always trouble free. Several examples covering a wide range of vehicle shapes (e.g., from stock cars to open-wheel race cars) are presented to demonstrate this nonlinear nature of the flow field.

  1. Wash your hands. water and soap.

    E-print Network

    of hot water for 1 or 2 minutes. · Do not use a microwave to heat formula. It can get too hot and burnSTEP 1 Wash your hands. · Use warm water and soap. · Scrub hands and fingernails for at least 20! · Scrub them in hot soapy water, rinse, and let air dry, OR · Boil them in water 5 minutes and let air dry

  2. Recycled Wash Water Crushed Returned Concrete

    E-print Network

    1 Recycled Wash Water Crushed Returned Concrete National Concrete Consortium March 2012 Colin Lobo% increase by 2030 "Waste" to "Recycled" Returned Concrete - estimated 2 - 10% of production 8 to 12 by 2030 Recycled content: 200% increase by 2020 400% increase by 2030 Recycled Content: Where are we

  3. An Alternative Antimicrobial Commercial Egg Washing Procedure

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Presently, commercial eggs are washed with water containing an alkali detergent at approximately pH 11 followed by a chlorine rinse. At this pH, it is likely that there is little, if any, free chlorine in the final rinse to act as an antimicrobial against pathogens like Salmonella. Using a chlorine ...

  4. WASH-DOWN MODULAR PUMP DRIVES

    E-print Network

    Kleinfeld, David

    WASH-DOWN MODULAR PUMP DRIVES Model Nos. 7552-70 7552-75 ® ® WARRANTY Use only MASTERFLEX precision tubing with MASTERFLEX pumps to ensure optimum performance. Use of other tubing may void applicable/S® compati- ble pump head provide variable-flow fluid transfer. The motor and controller can be mounted

  5. DEMONSTRATION BULLETIN: SOIL WASHING SYSTEM - BIOTROL, INC.

    EPA Science Inventory

    The three component technologies of the BioTrol Soil Washing System (BSWS). Tested in the SITE demonstration were a Soil Washer (SW), and Aqueous Treatment System (ATS), and a Slurry Bio-Reactor (SBR). The Soil Washer operates on the principle that a significant fraction of the...

  6. Petroleum-base washing and preservative fluid

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. I. Belova; E. S. Churshukov; L. P. Maiko; N. N. Zakharova

    1984-01-01

    This article reports on an investigation of the feasibility of formulating a wash\\/preservative fluid from commercial materials already produced in the USSR. Technological advances in the production and maintenance of vehicles, machinery, and mechanisms have raised the quality requirements of materials used to remove contaminants from machine parts in the course of manufacture and service and to protect the parts

  7. Petroleum-base washing and preservative fluid

    SciTech Connect

    Belova, T.I.; Churshukov, E.S.; Maiko, L.P.; Zakharova, N.N.

    1984-01-01

    This article reports on an investigation of the feasibility of formulating a wash/preservative fluid from commercial materials already produced in the USSR. Technological advances in the production and maintenance of vehicles, machinery, and mechanisms have raised the quality requirements of materials used to remove contaminants from machine parts in the course of manufacture and service and to protect the parts from atmospheric corrosion between operations. It is determined that it is impossible to formulate a fluid with the required level of detergency, waterdisplacing properties, and protective properties by diluting commercial preservative materials with organic solvents. A wash/preservative fluid is proposed which is composed of an alkenylsuccinic acid (KAP-25) corrosion inhibitor and an alkenylsuccinimide of urea (SIU) additive. Joint use of these inhibitors gives a synergistic effect in the protective properties, the maximum of which in organic solvents is reached at a 1:1 ratio. A comparison of the proposed wash/preservative fluid with an analogous non-USSR formulation showed that the two fluids have equivalent capabilities for removing organic contaminants from metal surfaces. It is concluded that the developed fluid can be used in the washing and interoperational protection of highprecision parts, or mechanisms with enclosed sections and pairs.

  8. TANK 4 CHARACTERIZATION, SETTLING, AND WASHING STUDIES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Bannochie; J. Pareizs; D. Click; J. Zamecnik

    2009-01-01

    A sample of PUREX sludge from Tank 4 was characterized, and subsequently combined with a Tank 51 sample (Tank 51-E1) received following Al dissolution, but prior to a supernate decant by the Tank Farm, to perform a settling and washing study to support Sludge Batch 6 preparation. The sludge source for the majority of the Tank 51-E1 sample is Tank

  9. FIELD STUDIES OF IN SITU SOIL WASHING

    EPA Science Inventory

    The EPA and US Air Force conducted a research test program to demonstrate the removal of hydrocarbons and chlorinated hydrocarbons from a sandy soil by in situ soil washing using surfactants. Contaminated soil from the fire training area of Volk Air National Guard Base, WI, was f...

  10. Washing of the AW-101 entrained solids

    SciTech Connect

    GJ Lumetta

    2000-03-31

    BNFL Inc. (BNFL) is under contract with the US Department of Energy, River Protection Project (DOE-RPP) to design, construct, and operate facilities for treating wastes stored in the single-shell and double-shell tanks at the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington. The DOE-BNFL RPP contract identifies two feeds to the waste treatment plant: (1) primarily liquid low-activity waste (LAW) consisting of less than 2 wt% entrained solids and (2) high-level waste (HLW) consisting of 10 to 200 g/L solids slurry. This report describes the results of a test conducted by Battelle to assess the effects of inhibited water washing on the composition of the entrained solids in the diluted AW-101 low-activity waste (LAW) sample. The objective of this work was to gather data on the solubility of the AW-101 entrained solids in 0.01 M NaOH, so that BNFL can evaluate whether these solids require caustic leaching. The work was conducted according to test plan BNFL-TP-29953-9, Rev. 0, LAW Entrained Solids Water Wash and Caustic Leach Testing. The test went according to plan, with no deviations from the test plan. Based on the results of the 0.01 M NaOH washing, a decision was made by BNFL to not proceed with the caustic leaching test. The composition of the washed solids was such that caustic leaching would not result in significant reduction in the immobilized HLW volume.

  11. Prototype wash water renovation system integration with government-furnished wash fixture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1984-01-01

    The requirements of a significant quantity of proposed life sciences experiments in Shuttle payloads for available wash water to support cleansing operations has provided the incentive to develop a technique for wash water renovation. A prototype wash water waste renovation system which has the capability to process the waste water and return it to a state adequate for reuse in a typical cleansing fixture designed to support life science experiments was investigated. The resulting technology is to support other developments efforts pertaining to water reclamation by serving as a pretreatment step for subsequent reclamation procedures.

  12. CD19-CAR Trials

    PubMed Central

    Ramos, Carlos A.; Savoldo, Barbara; Dotti, Gianpietro

    2014-01-01

    CD19 is a B-lineage specific transmembrane glycoprotein, the expression of which is maintained on more than 95% B-cell malignancies. This strict lineage restriction makes CD19 an ideal target for immune therapies using chimeric antigen receptors (CARs). Here we review published phase I trials of T cells expressing CARs targeting CD19 and describe briefly the biological questions that they addressed. All patients treated in these trials had relapsed B-cell malignancies, which in many cases were chemorefractory. Nonetheless, major responses have been observed, especially in patients with CLL and ALL. Many of these responses were accompanied by a systemic inflammatory reaction syndrome that could be life-threatening but was almost always reversible with adequate medical management. Given their remarkable activity, CD19-CAR T cells are likely to be quickly incorporated into the management of B-cell neoplasms and have become the paradigm for similar strategies targeting other cancers. PMID:24667955

  13. A Novel Glycinate-based Body Wash

    PubMed Central

    Regan, Jamie; Ananthapadmanabhan, K.P.

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To assess the properties of a novel body wash containing the mild surfactant glycinate. Design: Biochemical and clinical assays. Setting: Research laboratories and clinical sites in the United States and Canada. Participants: Women 18 to 65 years of age (cleansing efficacy); male and female subjects 26 to 63 years of age with mild or moderate dryness and erythema (leg-controlled application test); subjects 5 to 65 years of age with mild-to-moderate eczema (eczema compatibility); and women 18 to 64 years of age (home use). Measurements: Assessments across studies included colorimetric dye exclusion to assess skin damage potential (corneosurfametry), efficacy of cosmetic product removal from skin, change from baseline in visual dryness, change from baseline in Eczema Area and Severity Index, and self-perceived eczema attributes and self-reported product preference. Results: The glycinate-based cleanser demonstrated mildness to skin components when evaluated in a corneosurfametry assay. Short-term use under exaggerated wash conditions in subjects with dryness scores <3 and erythema scores <2 (both on a 0-6 scale) indicated an initial reduction in visual dryness. In subjects with eczema, normal use resulted in significant improvements (p<0.05) at Week 4 compared with baseline in skin dryness (change from baseline = ?0.73), rash (?0.56), itch (?0.927), tightness (?0.585), and all eczema (?0.756). The glycinate-based body wash removed 56 percent of a long-lasting cosmetic foundation from skin compared with less than 30 percent removed by two competitive products tested. The glycinate-based body wash was preferred over a competitive mild cleansing product overall. Conclusion: The patented glycinate-containing body wash demonstrated better product mildness and patient-preferred attributes and clinical benefits. PMID:23882306

  14. 1. VARIABLEANGLE LAUNCHER CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. VARIABLE-ANGLE LAUNCHER CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK WITH CAMERA STATION ABOVE LOOKING NORTH TAKEN FROM RESERVOIR. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

  15. CAR POOL POLICY Program Goals

    E-print Network

    Meyers, Steven D.

    CAR POOL POLICY Program Goals · To reduce traffic congestion and improve air quality in and around, Emergency Ride Home (ERH) and WeCar participants · To provide a benefit for USF faculty, staff and students

  16. Investigating Forces: Balloon car activity

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is a guided inquiry-based lab that investigates forces exerted on a group of student-designed and engineered "balloon cars". Each group of students is then challenged to build a "balloon car" that travels a maximum distance.

  17. Comparison of the Laboratory Standard Washing Using CIPAC Washing Agent and the Domestic Washing on Three Recommended Types of Long-Lasting Insecticidal Mosquito Nets

    PubMed Central

    Ouattara, Jean Pierre Nabléni; Louwagie, Johanna; Pigeon, Olivier; Spanoghe, Pieter

    2013-01-01

    Background One of the best ways to prevent malaria is the use of insecticide-treated bed nets. Manufacturers pursue easier, safer and more efficient nets. Hence, many studies on the efficacy and wash resistance using World Health Organization standards have been reported. The commonly used detergent is “Savon de Marseille”, because it closely resembles actually used soaps. At the 54th Collaborative International Pesticides Analytical Council (CIPAC) Technical Meeting in 2010, it was suggested to replace it by a standardized “CIPAC washing agent”. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference between a laboratory hand washing simulation using the CIPAC washing agent (method-1) and a domestic washing (method-2) on different bed nets, as well as the effect of the drying process on the release of active ingredient. Methods Interceptor®, Permanet®2.0 and Netprotect® nets were used in three treatments, each repeated 20 times. The first treatment included method-1 washing and indoor drying. The second treatment included method-2 washing and indoor drying. The third treatment used method-2 washing and UV-drying. The residual insecticide contents were determined using gas chromatography. Results The washing procedure and the number of washes have a significant effect on the release of active ingredient. Statistically, the two washing methods have the same effect on removing the active ingredient from the Interceptor® and Permanet®2.0 net, but a significantly different influence on the Netprotect® nets. The drying process has no significant effect on the insecticide. Conclusion Both washing procedures affected the amount of insecticide remaining on nets independently of the impregnation technology. The active ingredient decreases with the number of washing cycles following an exponential or logarithmic model for coated nets. The laboratory hand washing simulation had more impact on the decrease of active ingredient content of the Netprotect® nets. All net types seemed to be effectively protected against UV-light. PMID:24130671

  18. The role of driver sleepiness in car crashes: a systematic review of epidemiological studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennie Connor; Gary Whitlock; Robyn Norton; Rod Jackson

    2001-01-01

    To assess the available evidence for a causal role of driver sleepiness in car crashes or car crash injury, and to quantify the effect, a systematic review of the international literature was conducted. The review included all studies with a fatigue-related exposure measure, a crash or crash injury outcome measure and a comparison group, regardless of publication status, language or

  19. Passenger car motor oils

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-01-01

    This book contains proceedings of a conference on passenger car motor oil. Topics covered include: Analysis of oil consumption mechanism by measuring oil rims radial movement; Base oil effects in sequence IIID and sequence V-D engine tests; Study of transient oil consumption of automotive engines; and SI engine warm-up: Water and lubricating oil temperature influences.

  20. Plant dispersal by motor cars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Schmidt

    1989-01-01

    Mud from a car driving more than 15 000 km in the growing season of 1986 in the area surrounding Göttingen (FRG) was sampled systematically to assess the size and nature of the car-borne flora. The sludge from front and back mudguards, wheels and other lower parts of the car was set out for germination in a greenhouse. Until the

  1. Toeplitz CAR Flows Masaki Izumi

    E-print Network

    Sunder, V S

    . . . Toeplitz CAR Flows Masaki Izumi izumi@math.kyoto-u.ac.jp Graduate School of Science, Kyoto. Srinivasan, Toeplitz CAR flows and type I factorization. Kyoto Journal of Mathematics, 50 (2010), 1­32. 2 / 19 #12;Advertisement M. Izumi and R. Srinivasan, Toeplitz CAR flows and type I factorization. Kyoto

  2. Integrationstest In-Car-Telematiksystemen

    E-print Network

    Weske, Mathias

    Integrationstest von In-Car-Telematiksystemen vorgelegt von Thomas Bauer (B.Sc.) Matr. Nr. 70 24 35;#12;Masterarbeit Thomas Bauer Integrationstest von In-Car-Telematiksystemen 3 Kurzfassung Die Software an Bedeutung gewonnen. Einen Großteil der Komfortfunktionen im Automobil realisieren die In-Car

  3. Management of scrap car recycling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ching-Hwa Lee

    1997-01-01

    This report describes the current scrap car management system in Taiwan. In Taiwan, most metal scrap for recycling is imported from foreign countries. Since scrap cars contain 80% metal, they are a significant domestic feed source for metal recycling industries in Taiwan. However, many scrap cars are abandoned on the street by the last owner, causing traffic and environmental problems.

  4. Algorithmic + Geometric characterization of CAR

    E-print Network

    Gill, Richard D.

    Algorithmic + Geometric characterization of CAR (Coarsening at Random) Richard Gill - Utrecht but independent) CCAR 3 door problem X=door with car behind Y=two doors still closed = {your first choice, other door left closed} 3 door problem X=door with car behind Y=(your first choice, other door left closed

  5. Prevent Child Heatstroke in Cars

    MedlinePLUS

    Prevent Child Heatstroke in Cars Kids in Hot Cars Heatstroke is one of the leading causes of death among children. Unfortunately, even great parents can ... if You Notice a Child Alone in a Car! Protecting children is everyone’s business—learn what to ...

  6. The "nuclear car wash": a scanner to detect illicit special nuclear material in cargo containers

    SciTech Connect

    Slaughter, D R; Accatino, M R; Bernstein, A; Dougan, A D; Hall, J M; Loshak, A; Manatt, D R; Pohl, B A; Prussin, S G; Walling, R S; Weirup, D L

    2004-01-28

    There is an urgent need to improve the reliability of screening cargo containers for illicit nuclear material that may be hidden there for terrorist purposes. A screening system is described for detection of fissionable material hidden in maritime cargo containers. The system makes use of a low intensity neutron beam for producing fission; and the detection of the abundant high-energy {gamma} rays emitted in the {beta}-decay of short-lived fission products and {beta}-delayed neutrons. The abundance of the delayed {gamma} rays is almost an order of magnitude larger than that of the delayed neutrons normally used to detect fission and they are emitted on about the same time scale as the delayed neutrons, i.e., {approx}1 min. The energy and temporal distributions of the delayed {gamma} rays provide a unique signature of fission. Because of their high energy, these delayed {gamma} rays penetrate low-Z cargoes much more readily than the delayed neutrons. Coupled with their higher abundance, the signal from the delayed {gamma} rays escaping from the container is predicted to be as much as six decades more intense than the delayed neutron signal, depending upon the type and thickness of the intervening cargo. The {gamma} rays are detected in a large array of scintillators located along the sides of the container as it is moved through them. Measurements have confirmed the signal strength in somewhat idealized experiments and have also identified one interference when 14.5 MeV neutrons from the D, T reaction are used for the interrogation. The interference can be removed easily by the appropriate choice of the neutron source.

  7. 4. AERIAL VIEW OF GENE WASH RESERVOIR AND GENE CAMP ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    4. AERIAL VIEW OF GENE WASH RESERVOIR AND GENE CAMP LOOKING SOUTHWEST. DAM AND SPILLWAY VISIBLE IN BOTTOM OF PHOTO. - Gene Wash Reservoir & Dam, 2 miles west of Parker Dam, Parker Dam, San Bernardino County, CA

  8. 6. GENE WASH DAM, LOOKING NORTHWEST. SURVEY REFLECTOR IN FOREGROUND ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. GENE WASH DAM, LOOKING NORTHWEST. SURVEY REFLECTOR IN FOREGROUND FOR MONITORING MOVEMENT OF DAM AND EARTH. - Gene Wash Reservoir & Dam, 2 miles west of Parker Dam, Parker Dam, San Bernardino County, CA

  9. Use of antimicrobial agents in a novel cattle washing system

    E-print Network

    Covington, Brian Reed

    2001-01-01

    Antimicrobial agents, 0.5% L-lactic acid and 50 ppm chlorine, along with water wash treatments (single or double) were evaluated in a cattle washing system for their effectiveness in reducing Aerobic Plate Counts (APC), coliforms, generic...

  10. Fatal Car Occupant Injuries after Car Lorry Collisions

    PubMed Central

    Gissane, William; Bull, John

    1973-01-01

    All deaths from road accidents in certain areas and periods were studied. Analysis of 224 deaths to car occupants from collisions between cars and lorries showed that such accidents were the commonest cause of death for car occupants on motorways and link roads. The impacts were such that relatively poor protection could be given by occupant restraint systems. Collisions of cars into the rear of lorries caused the most severe injuries; most of these accidents occurred at night. The traffic characteristics of cars and lorries are largely incompatible and increase the likelihood of collisions and of extremely severe injuries to car occupants. Some reduction in deaths may be expected from making lorries more conspicuous and eliminating the rear overhang. More fundamental measures are segregation of lorries from cars and return of traffic to railways. ImagesFIG. 1FIG. 2FIG. 3 PMID:20791870

  11. Heavy metal contaminants removal by soil washing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Riyad J Abumaizar; Edward H Smith

    1999-01-01

    The feasibility of soil washing for decontaminating a silty sand spiked with cadmium, chromium, lead, and zinc was evaluated in laboratory-scale batch and column experiments. Soil samples were subjected to chelant extraction using a solution of disodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (Na2EDTA), sodium metabisulfite (Na2S2O5) solution (an inexpensive reducing reagent), and a solution containing a mixture of the two reagents.

  12. Radiotracers in fabric-washing studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. E. Gordon

    1968-01-01

    This report is directed toward the application of radiotracers to larger-scale, practical launder-ing experiments with the\\u000a use of washing machines and Tergotometers with fully built detergents. Such applications have not been widely reported because\\u000a of the difficulty in setting up the experi-ments, in handling the large numbers of samples which are generated, and performing\\u000a the many computations. A brief description

  13. Ceramic wash-coat for catalyst support

    DOEpatents

    Kulkarni, Anand A.; Subramanian, Ramesh; Sabol, Stephen M.

    2012-08-14

    Abstract A wash-coat (16) for use as a support for an active catalyst species (18) and a catalytic combustor component (10) incorporating such wash-coat. The wash-coat is a solid solution of alumina or alumina-based material (Al.sub.2O.sub.3-0-3 wt % La.sub.2O.sub.3) and a further oxide exhibiting a coefficient of thermal expansion that is lower than that exhibited by alumina. The further oxide may be silicon dioxide (2-30 wt % SiO.sub.2), zirconia silicate (2-30 wt % ZrSiO.sub.4), neodymium oxide (0-4 wt %), titania (Al.sub.2O.sub.3-3-40% TiO.sub.2) or alumina-based magnesium aluminate spinel (Al.sub.2O.sub.3-25 wt % MgO) in various embodiments. The active catalyst species may be palladium and a second metal in a concentration of 10-50% of the concentration of the palladium.

  14. New developments in clinical CARS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weinigel, Martin; Breunig, Hans Georg; Kellner-Höfer, Marcel; Bückle, Rainer; Darvin, Maxim; Lademann, Juergen; König, Karsten

    2013-02-01

    We combined two-photon fluorescence and coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging in a clinical hybrid multiphoton tomograph for in vivo imaging of human skin. The clinically approved TPEF/CARS system provides simultaneous imaging of endogenous fluorophores and non-fluorescent lipids. The Stokes laser for the two-beam configuration of CARS is based on spectral broadening of femtosecond laser pulses in a photonic crystal fiber (PCF). We report on the highly flexible medical TPEF/CARS tomograph MPTflex®-CARS with an articulated arm and first in vivo measurements on human skin.

  15. Surfactant selection for enhancing ex situ soil washing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Deshpande; B. J. Shiau; D. Wade; D. A. Sabatini; J. H. Harwell

    1999-01-01

    Ex situ soil washing is commonly used for treating contaminated soils by separating the most contaminated fraction of the soil for disposal. Surfactant-enhanced soil washing is being considered with increasing frequency to actually achieve soil-contaminant separation. In this research eight anionic and nonionic surfactants were evaluated for the enhanced soil washing of three different soils contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons. Enhanced

  16. 7 CFR 2902.51 - Parts wash solutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 2010-01-01 false Parts wash solutions. 2902.51 Section 2902.51 Agriculture...Designated Items § 2902.51 Parts wash solutions. (a) Definition. Products...preference for qualifying biobased parts wash solutions. By that date, Federal agencies...

  17. 7 CFR 2902.51 - Parts wash solutions.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 2011-01-01 false Parts wash solutions. 2902.51 Section 2902.51 Agriculture...Designated Items § 2902.51 Parts wash solutions. (a) Definition. Products...preference for qualifying biobased parts wash solutions. By that date, Federal agencies...

  18. EPA'S MOBILE VOLUME REDUCTION UNIT FOR SOIL WASHING

    EPA Science Inventory

    This paper discusses the design and initial operation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency'S (EPA) Mobile Volume Reduction Unit (VRU) for soil washing. oil washing removes contaminants from soils by dissolving or suspending them in the wash solutions (which can be later tr...

  19. San Francisco Cable Car Museum

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2002-01-01

    Celebrated in American film, song, and popular legend, the San Francisco cable car gets its full due on this well honed site devoted to the history and operation of this cherished form of transportation. Beginning with a virtual tour of the Cable Car Museum, the site contains a full roster of current San Francisco cable cars and a detailed explanation of how a cable car works. Probably the strongest aspect of the site is the sheer amount of visual material available here, including over 150 photos that relate the history of the cable car system and continue on to the present day. Recent additions to the site include a collection of historic cable car transfers and information about a new book on cable cars in San Francisco.

  20. Car Sharing for the Twin Cities ! HOURCAR helps make it possible to live car-

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Car Sharing for the Twin Cities ! HOURCAR helps make it possible to live car- free or car-lite by filling in the "gaps" ! Car sharing reduces car ownership and saves its members thousands of dollars per year ! Car sharing "right-sizes" and makes transparent the costs of car usage #12;HOURCAR ! Transit

  1. All purpose railroad car

    SciTech Connect

    Terlecky, B.S.

    1987-01-13

    An all purpose railroad car is described for transporting wheeled trailers and containers, the car comprising an elongated frame supported by wheel trucks, combined hitch and bolster means adjacent one end of the frame for selectively receiving and releasably retaining a trailer king pin and one end of a container. A means is spaced from the combined hitch and bolster means for selectively receiving and supporting the wheels of a wheeled trailer and the other end of a container. The combined hitch and bolster means is an integral rigid structure with the hitch fixed in spaced relationship to the bolster with both the hitch and the bolster permanently disposed in operative position to respectively receive and retain a trailer king pin and a container.

  2. Fresh produce washing aid, T-128, enhances inactivation of salmonella and pseudomonas biofilms on stainless steel in chlorinated wash solutions

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The efficacy of chlorine wash solutions, with/without the washing aid, T-128, on inactivation of Salmonella and Pseudomonas populations in biofilms on stainless steel coupons was evaluated under conditions of increasing organic matter loads in the wash water. Biofilms were formed statically on stai...

  3. Usability of car stereo.

    PubMed

    Razza, Bruno Montanari; Paschoarelli, Luis Carlos

    2012-01-01

    Automotive sound systems vary widely in terms of functions and way of use between different brands and models what can bring difficulties and lack of consistency to the user. This study aimed to analyze the usability of car stereo commonly found in the market. Four products were analyzed by task analysis and after use reports and the results indicate serious usability issues with respect to the form of operation, organization, clarity and quality of information, visibility and readability, among others. PMID:22317617

  4. Using Delay Tolerant Networks for Car2Car communications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurent Franck; Felipe Gil-Castineira

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we identify and discuss the main issues and challenges to implement a Delay Tolerant Network (DTN) to allow multi-hop Car2Car (C2C) -also known as Vehicle2Vehicle (V2V)- and car2infrastructure (C2I) communications. C2C communications are designed to increase automobile security and comfort, but a single hop is not enough [1]. Efficient network layers are necessary to overcome these limitations.

  5. TANK 4 CHARACTERIZATION, SETTLING, AND WASHING STUDIES

    SciTech Connect

    Bannochie, C.; Pareizs, J.; Click, D.; Zamecnik, J.

    2009-09-29

    A sample of PUREX sludge from Tank 4 was characterized, and subsequently combined with a Tank 51 sample (Tank 51-E1) received following Al dissolution, but prior to a supernate decant by the Tank Farm, to perform a settling and washing study to support Sludge Batch 6 preparation. The sludge source for the majority of the Tank 51-E1 sample is Tank 12 HM sludge. The Tank 51-E1 sample was decanted by SRNL prior to use in the settling and washing study. The Tank 4 sample was analyzed for chemical composition including noble metals. The characterization of the Tank 51-E1 sample, used here in combination with the Tank 4 sample, was reported previously. SRNL analyses on Tank 4 were requested by Liquid Waste Engineering (LWE) via Technical Task Request (TTR) HLE-TTR-2009-103. The sample preparation work is governed by Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TTQAP), and analyses were controlled by an Analytical Study Plan and modifications received via customer communications. Additional scope included a request for a settling study of decanted Tank 51-E1 and a blend of decanted Tank 51-E1 and Tank 4, as well as a washing study to look into the fate of undissolved sulfur observed during the Tank 4 characterization. The chemistry of the Tank 4 sample was modeled with OLI Systems, Inc. StreamAnalyzer to determine the likelihood that sulfate could exist in this sample as insoluble Burkeite (2Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} {center_dot} Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}). The OLI model was also used to predict the composition of the blended tank materials for the washing study. The following conclusions were drawn from the Tank 4 analytical results reported here: (1) Any projected blend of Tank 4 and the current Tank 51 contents will produce a SB6 composition that is lower in Ca and U than the current SB5 composition being processed by DWPF. (2) Unwashed Tank 4 has a relatively large initial S concentration of 3.68 wt% on a total solids basis, and approximately 10% of the total S is present as an insoluble or undissolved form. (3) There is 19% more S than can be accounted for by IC sulfate measurement. This additional soluble S is detected by ICP-AES analysis of the supernate. (4) Total supernate and slurry sulfur by ICP-AES should be monitored during washing in addition to supernate sulfate in order to avoid under estimating the amount of sulfur species removed or remaining in the supernate. (5) OLI simulation calculations show that the presence of undissolved Burkeite in the Tank 4 sample is reasonable, assuming a small difference in the Na concentration that is well within the analytical uncertainties of the reported value. The following conclusions were drawn from the blend studies of Tank 4 and decanted Tank 51-E1: (1) The addition of Tank 4 slurry to a decanted Tank 51-E1 sample significantly improved the degree and time for settling. (2) The addition of Tank 4 slurry to a decanted Tank 51-E1 sample significantly improved the plastic viscosity and yield stress. (3) The SRNL washing test, where nearly all of the wash solution was decanted from the solids, indicates that approximately 96% or more of the total S was removed from the blend in these tests, and the removal of the sulfur tracks closely with that of Na. Insoluble (undissolved) S remaining in the washed sludge was calculated from an estimate of the final slurry liquid fraction, the S result in the slurry digestion, and the S in the final decant (which was very close to the method detection limit). Based on this calculated result, about 4% of the initial total S remained after these washes; this amount is equivalent to about 18% of the initially undissolved S.

  6. Car negie Mellon Univer sity.

    E-print Network

    © 2001 by Car negie Mellon Univer sity. Allr ightsr eser ved. 1 ennet ar ive Mahendr a laine yder lise ar o i . Madh a esh ta A g st 2001 CMU C 01 12 hool o Co ter ien e Car or iate o ies o a er s ar e availabler or . ane iegel hool o Co ter ien e Car negie Mellon Univer sity 0 e

  7. Axial Dispersion during Hanford Saltcake Washing

    SciTech Connect

    Josephson, Gary B.; Geeting, John GH; Lessor, Delbert L.; Barton, William B.

    2006-08-01

    Clean up of Hanford salt cake wastes begins with dissolution retrieval of the sodium rich salts that make up the dominant majority of mass in the tanks. Water moving through the porous salt cake dissolves the soluble components and also displaces the soluble radionuclides (e.g. 137Cs and 99TcO4- ). The separation that occurs from this displacement, known as Selective dissolution, is an important component in Hanford’s pretreatment of low activity wastes for subsequent Supplemental treatment. This paper describes lab scale testing conducted to evaluate Selective dissolution of cesium from non-radioactive Hanford tank 241-S-112 salt cake simulant containing the primary chemicals found the the actual tank. An modified axial dispersion model with increasing axial dispersion was developed to predict cesium removal. The model recognizes that water dissolves the salt cake during washing, which causes an increase in the axial dispersion during the wash. This model was subsequently compared with on-line cesium measurements from the retrieval of tank 241-S-112. The model had remarkably good agreement with both the lab scale and full scale data.

  8. Sparks fly over electric cars

    SciTech Connect

    Griffith, V.

    1994-10-01

    While the US automobile industry scrambles to meet 1998 deadlines to put electric vehicles on the market, controversy about the environmental benefits and commercial viability of battery-operated cars is mounting. Circumstances in the US increasingly favor the electric car. Air quality laws in California and Massachusetts now demand that {open_quotes}zero-emission{close_quotes} vehicles comprise 2 percent of total sales in the car market by 1998. Electric cars are the only vehicles to meet such standards so far. Other states are considering similar laws. This article examines the pros and cons of electric vehicle use.

  9. Enhanced salmonella reduction on tomatoes washed in chlorinated water with wash aid T-128

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Chlorine is widely used by the fresh and fresh-cut produce industries to reduce microbial populations and to prevent potential pathogen cross contamination during produce washing. However, the organic materials released from produce quickly react with chlorine and degrade its efficacy for pathogen i...

  10. Risk Advisor for Car Accidents Javier Larrosa

    E-print Network

    Larrosa, Javier

    Risk Advisor for Car Accidents Javier Larrosa LSI­UPC 1 Description of the Problem The purpose of this project is to design a Bayesian Network modeling the risk of having a car accident, when planing a trip. -- Distance of the trip. -- Road conditions. -- Weather -- Car age -- Car equipment -- Car type -- Driver

  11. 54. VAL COUNTERWEIGHT CAR DURING CONSTRUCTION SHOWING CAR FRAME, WHEEL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    54. VAL COUNTERWEIGHT CAR DURING CONSTRUCTION SHOWING CAR FRAME, WHEEL ASSEMBLIES AND METAL REINFORCING, December 19, 1947. (Original photograph in possession of Dave Willis, San Diego, California.) - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Variable Angle Launcher, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

  12. Background free CARS imaging by phase sensitive heterodyne CARS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Jurna; J. P. Korterik; C. Otto; J. L. Herek; H. L. Offerhaus

    2008-01-01

    In this article we show that heterodyne CARS, based on a controlled and stable phase-preserving chain, can be used to measure amplitude and phase information of molecular vibration modes. The technique is validated by a comparison of the imaginary part of the heterodyne CARS spectrum to the spontaneous Raman spectrum of polyethylene. The detection of the phase allows for rejection

  13. Car-to-Car Communication Security on Reconfigurable Hardware

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Benjamin Glas; Oliver Sander; Vitali Stuckert

    2009-01-01

    To get more information about oncoming road and traffic situations, exchange of data between cars is a large benefit. But relying on data obtained from other cars and hence sensors not under direct control of the system, guaranteeing trustworthiness and integrity of this data is of paramount importance. This creates the need for security measures for the data exchange which

  14. PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT OF CAR-TO-CAR AD-HOC NETWORKS IN THE REAL WORLD

    E-print Network

    Jang, Ju-Wook

    PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT OF CAR-TO-CAR AD-HOC NETWORKS IN THE REAL WORLD ¹ Taehwan Kim, Woojin Han@sogang.ac.kr Keywords: Ad-hoc networks, Car-to-car networks, Inter-vehicle Communications, Wireless LAN. Abstract: This paper shows the performance of car-to-car ad-hoc networks in the real world. Actually there are many

  15. Bussysteme IIII CarRing II ereits heute sind 90 Prozent al-

    E-print Network

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    Bussysteme IIII CarRing II B ereits heute sind 90 Prozent al- ler Innovationen im Auto mit dem Rahmen dieses Projekts mit der Entwicklung eines neuen Netzwerks für das Automobil beauftragt: ,,CarRing- reitstellen soll. Die Anforderungen an CarRing II sind mit denen von FlexRay vergleich- bar. Allerdings ist

  16. The CIG 2007The CIG 2007 Car Racing CompetitionCar Racing Competition

    E-print Network

    Togelius, Julian

    The CIG 2007The CIG 2007 Car Racing CompetitionCar Racing Competition Julian TogeliusWhat we came up with The pointtopoint car racing task with one The pointtopoint car racing task with one or two cars simultaneouslyor two cars simultaneously A crossplatform Java package

  17. Car/Non-Car Classification in an Informative Sample Subspace Jianzhong Fang and Guoping Qiu

    E-print Network

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Car/Non-Car Classification in an Informative Sample Subspace Jianzhong Fang and Guoping Qiu School present a method for data classification with application to car/non-car objects. We first developed a sample based car/non-car maximal mutual information low dimensional subspace. We then trained a support

  18. Accuracy of three polyvinyl siloxane putty-wash impression techniques

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph Nissan; Ben-Zion Laufer; Tamar Brosh; David Assif

    2000-01-01

    Statement of problem. There is much discussion in the dental literature concerning the effect of the impression technique on the accuracy of cast restorations.Purpose. This study assessed the accuracy of 3 putty-wash impression techniques using the same impression material (polyvinyl siloxane) in a laboratory model.Material and methods. The 3 putty-wash impression techniques used were (1) 1-step (putty and wash impression

  19. February 2000 Car Ownership, Employment, and Earnings

    E-print Network

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    February 2000 Car Ownership, Employment, and Earnings Steven Raphael Goldman School of Public effects of car ownership on employment outcomes observed in past research are causal. We match state-level data on average car insurance premiumsandaverageper-gallongas taxes

  20. 49 CFR 215.203 - Restricted cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Restricted cars. 215.203 Section 215.203 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Restricted Equipment § 215.203 Restricted cars. (a) This section restricts the...

  1. 49 CFR 215.203 - Restricted cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Restricted cars. 215.203 Section 215.203 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Restricted Equipment § 215.203 Restricted cars. (a) This section restricts the...

  2. 49 CFR 215.203 - Restricted cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Restricted cars. 215.203 Section 215.203 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Restricted Equipment § 215.203 Restricted cars. (a) This section restricts the...

  3. 49 CFR 215.203 - Restricted cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Restricted cars. 215.203 Section 215.203 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Restricted Equipment § 215.203 Restricted cars. (a) This section restricts the...

  4. 49 CFR 215.203 - Restricted cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Restricted cars. 215.203 Section 215.203 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Restricted Equipment § 215.203 Restricted cars. (a) This section restricts the...

  5. National policy towards cars: Greece

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. A. Giannopoulos

    1985-01-01

    Passenger car ownership and use in Greece has been a matter of serious consideration at government level, only in the last decade with the increasing traffic congestion in the big cities. However, government policy towards private car ownership has always been influenced by two main factors.First, that virtually all vehicles have to be imported, a fact which has a serious

  6. Hydrogen Cars and Water Vapor

    E-print Network

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    of complexities in the water vapor life cycle. How- ever, our pre- liminary calcula- tions indicate early in its development cycle. We are skeptical, however, that water vapor produced by combustion canHydrogen Cars and Water Vapor D.W.KEITHANDA.E.FARRELL'S POLICY FORUM "Rethinking hydrogen cars" (18

  7. EFRT M-12 Issue Resolution: Solids Washing

    SciTech Connect

    Baldwin, David L.; Schonewill, Philip P.; Toth, James J.; Huckaby, James L.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Hanson, Brady D.; Kurath, Dean E.; Minette, Michael J.

    2010-01-01

    Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) was tasked by Bechtel National Inc. (BNI) on the River Protection Project-Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (RPP-WTP) project to perform research and development activities to resolve technical issues identified for the Pretreatment Facility (PTF). The Pretreatment Engineering Platform (PEP) was designed, constructed, and operated as part of a plan to respond to issue M12, “Undemonstrated Leaching Processes” of the External Flowsheet Review Team (EFRT) issue response plan.( ) The PEP is a 1/4.5-scale test platform designed to simulate the WTP pretreatment caustic leaching, oxidative leaching, ultrafiltration solids concentration, and slurry washing processes. The PEP replicates the WTP leaching processes using prototypic equipment and control strategies. The PEP also includes non-prototypic ancillary equipment to support the core processing.

  8. Comparative alkali washing of simulated radioactive sludge

    SciTech Connect

    Fugate, G.A.; Ensor, D.D. [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States); Egan, B.Z. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1996-10-01

    The treatment of large volumes of radioactive sludge generated from uranium and plutonium recovery processes is a pressing problem in the environmental restoration currently planned at various U.S. Department of Energy sites. This sludge, commonly stored in underground tanks, is mainly in the form of metal oxides or precipitated metal hydroxides and the bulk of this material is nonradioactive. One method being developed to pretreat this waste takes advantage of the amphoteric character of aluminum and other nonradioactive elements. Previous studies have reported on the dissolution of eleven elements from simulated sludge using NaOH solutions up to 6M. This work provides a comparative study using KOH. The effectiveness of the alkali washing as a treatment method to reduce the bulk of radioactive sludge requiring long term isolation will be discussed.

  9. Hand wash and manual skin wipes.

    PubMed

    Brouwer, D H; Boeniger, M F; van Hemmen, J

    2000-10-01

    Hand wash and skin wipes are major techniques that have been used for dermal exposure sampling. Both techniques remove chemicals either deposited on or transferred to the skin contaminant layer by a combination of chemical and mechanical actions. The paper overviews identified methods and techniques, with emphasis on sampling parameters and sampling efficiency. It is concluded that identified sampling protocols, including sampling techniques, deviate at possible key issues, which hampers comparisons of study results. It is recommended to conduct sampling efficiency studies prior to field sampling, under conditions that are quite similar to conditions of exposure regarding exposure process, levels of skin loading, and time of residence of the compound on the skin. Harmonization of sampling protocols will be a first step in creating a database for better understanding the influence of sampling parameters on the performance of removal techniques to assess dermal exposure. PMID:11042251

  10. Landscape of WASH-relevant Training for Humanitarian Emergencies

    PubMed Central

    Dorea, Caetano

    2015-01-01

    Background: Both employed humanitarian personnel as well as those seeking to start a career as an aid worker are often provided with or seek training on the theme of humanitarian water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). The objective of this study was to conduct a landscaping exercise of the available WASH-relevant training for humanitarian emergencies. Methods: An open internet search was performed with specific terms related to humanitarian WASH. Retained search results included those training opportunities (including past ones) that were themed around or with a mentioned relevance to humanitarian WASH. Results and Discussion: A total of 42 training courses relevant to humanitarian emergency WASH were retained. In addition to the more generic/introductory trainings, some provided thematic variations such as coordination of WASH responses, project management, risk reduction, information, education and communication (IEC), and complex emergencies. Timely topics such as urban WASH, Ebola, and WASH innovations were also observed indicating the responsiveness of the training providers to the changing needs of humanitarian WASH response programmes. This survey also revealed a large variety in terms of target audience, duration, fees, location, and language of courses. There was no centralised listing of courses available on the Internet. Limitations of this exercise were also discussed.

  11. Application of Monte Carlo-based statistical significance determinations to the Beta Cephei stars V400 Car, V401 Car, V403 Car and V405 Car

    E-print Network

    Engelbrecht, C A; Frank, B S

    2009-01-01

    We have used Lomb-Scargle periodogram analysis and Monte Carlo significance tests to detect periodicities above the 3-sigma level in the Beta Cephei stars V400 Car, V401 Car, V403 Car and V405 Car. These methods produce six previously unreported periodicities in the expected frequency range of excited pulsations: one in V400 Car, three in V401 Car, one in V403 Car and one in V405 Car. One of these six frequencies is significant above the 4-sigma level. We provide statistical significances for all of the periodicities found in these four stars.

  12. Sludge pretreatment chemistry evaluation: Enhanced sludge washing separation factors

    SciTech Connect

    Colton, N.G.

    1995-03-01

    This report presents the work conducted in Fiscal Year 1994 by the Sludge Pretreatment Chemistry Evaluation Subtask for the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Tank Waste Treatment Science Task. The main purpose of this task, is to provide the technical basis and scientific understanding to support TWRS baseline decisions and actions, such as the development of an enhanced sludge washing process to reduce the volume of waste that will require high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. One objective within the Sludge Pretreatment Chemistry Evaluation Subtask was to establish wash factors for various SST (single-shell tank) sludges. First, analytical data were compiled from existing tank waste characterization reports. These data were summarized on tank-specific worksheets that provided a uniform format for reviewing and comparing data, as well as the means to verify whether the data set for each tank was complete. Worksheets were completed for 27 SST wastes. The analytical water wash data provided tank-specific information about the fraction of each component that dissolves with water, i.e., an estimate of tank-specific wash factors for evaluating tank-by-tank processing. These wash data were then used collectively to evaluate some of the wash factors that are assumed for the overall SST waste inventory; specifically, wash factors for elements that would be found primarily in sludges. The final step in this study was to incorporate the characterization and wash factor data into a spreadsheet that provides insight into the effect of enhanced sludge washing on individual tank sludges as well as for groups of sludges that may be representative of different waste types. Spreadsheet results include the estimated mass and percentage of each element that would be removed with washing and leaching. Furthermore, estimated compositions are given of the final wash and leach streams and residual solids, in terms of both concentration and dry weight percent.

  13. Prototype wash water renovation system integration with goverment-furnished wash fixture

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1983-01-01

    A total renovation concept for removing objectionable materials from spacecraft wash water to make the water reusable was developed. This concept included ferric chloride pretreatment to coagulate suspended solids such as soap and lint, pressure filtration, and carbon adsorption and ion exchange to remove trace dissolved organics and inorganic salts. A breadboard model which was developed to demonstrate the design adequacy of the various system components and the limits on system capacities and efficiencies.

  14. Opposing regulation of cytochrome P450 expression by CAR and PXR in hypothyroid mice

    SciTech Connect

    Park, Young Joo [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Eun Kyung [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Yoon Kwang [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States)] [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Park, Do Joon; Jang, Hak Chul [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Moore, David D., E-mail: moore@bcm.edu [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States)

    2012-09-01

    Clinical hypothyroidism affects various metabolic processes including drug metabolism. CYP2B and CYP3A are important cytochrome P450 drug metabolizing enzymes that are regulated by the xenobiotic receptors constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) and pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2). We evaluated the regulation of the hepatic expression of CYPs by CAR and PXR in the hypothyroid state induced by a low-iodine diet containing 0.15% propylthiouracil. Expression of Cyp3a11 was suppressed in hypothyroid C57BL/6 wild type (WT) mice and a further decrement was observed in hypothyroid CAR{sup ?/?} mice, but not in hypothyroid PXR{sup ?/?} mice. In contrast, expression of Cyp2b10 was induced in both WT and PXR{sup ?/?} hypothyroid mice, and this induction was abolished in CAR{sup ?/?} mice and in and CAR{sup ?/?} PXR{sup ?/?} double knockouts. CAR mRNA expression was increased by hypothyroidism, while PXR expression remained unchanged. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a commonly used antiepileptic that is metabolized by CYP3A isoforms. After CBZ treatment of normal chow fed mice, serum CBZ levels were highest in CAR{sup ?/?} mice and lowest in WT and PXR{sup ?/?} mice. Hypothyroid WT or PXR{sup ?/?} mice survived chronic CBZ treatment, but all hypothyroid CAR{sup ?/?} and CAR{sup ?/?} PXR{sup ?/?} mice died, with CAR{sup ?/?}PXR{sup ?/?} mice surviving longer than CAR{sup ?/?} mice (12.3 ± 3.3 days vs. 6.3 ± 2.1 days, p = 0.04). All these findings suggest that hypothyroid status affects xenobiotic metabolism, with opposing responses of CAR and PXR and their CYP targets that can cancel each other out, decreasing serious metabolic derangement in response to a xenobiotic challenge. -- Highlights: ? Hypothyroid status activates CAR in mice and induces Cyp2b10 expression. ? Hypothyroid status suppresses PXR activity in mice and represses Cyp3a11 expression. ? These responses balance each other out in normal mice. ? Hypothyroidism sensitizes CAR null mice to toxic effects of carbamazepine.

  15. Clinical multiphoton and CARS microscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Breunig, H. G.; Weinigel, M.; Darvin, M. E.; Lademann, J.; König, K.

    2012-03-01

    We report on clinical CARS imaging of human skin in vivo with the certified hybrid multiphoton tomograph CARSDermaInspect. The CARS-DermaInspect provides simultaneous imaging of non-fluorescent intradermal lipid and water as well as imaging of two-photon excited fluorescence from intrinsic molecules. Two different excitation schemes for CARS imaging have been realized: In the first setup, a combination of fs oscillator and optical parametric oscillator provided fs-CARS pump and Stokes pulses, respectively. In the second setup a fs oscillator was combined with a photonic crystal fiber which provided a broadband spectrum. A spectral range out of the broadband-spectrum was selected and used for CARS excitation in combination with the residual fs-oscillator output. In both setups, in addition to CARS, single-beam excitation was used for imaging of two-photon excited fluorescence and second harmonic generation signals. Both CARS-excitation systems were successfully used for imaging of lipids inside the skin in vivo.

  16. 2. VIEW OF WASH TANKS Skins are brought in through ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    2. VIEW OF WASH TANKS Skins are brought in through hatches, seen on rear wall, and washed of blood and flesh in redwood tanks, with wooden grates to hold skins down in water. Superstructure and screening on tanks are a later alteration, unrelated to this process. - Sealing Plant, St. George Island, Pribilof Islands, Saint George, Aleutians West Census Area, AK

  17. EPA SITE DEMONSTRATION OF THE BIOTROL SOIL WASHING PROCESS

    EPA Science Inventory

    A pilot-scale soil washing process, patented by BioTrol, Inc., was demonstrate on soil contaminated by wood treating waste, primarily pentachlorophenol (PCP) and creosote-derived polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Although soil washing was the main object of this demonstra...

  18. Bioethanol production from rice washing drainage and rice bran.

    PubMed

    Watanabe, Masanori; Takahashi, Makoto; Sasano, Kazuo; Kashiwamura, Takashi; Ozaki, Yuich; Tsuiki, Tomohiro; Hidaka, Harutaro; Kanemoto, Shigeharu

    2009-12-01

    Bioethanol production from rice washing drainage and rice bran derived from a rinse-free process of rice manufacturing was established using the combinations of an enzymatic procedure and an ultra-sonic procedure of rice washing drainage for a sample pre-treatment. The maximum ethanol concentration was attained at 6.2% (v/v). PMID:19914587

  19. 33 CFR 157.124 - COW tank washing machines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false COW tank washing machines. 157.124 Section 157.124 Navigation...and Installation § 157.124 COW tank washing machines. (a) COW machines must be permanently mounted in each cargo...

  20. 33 CFR 157.124 - COW tank washing machines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false COW tank washing machines. 157.124 Section 157.124 Navigation...and Installation § 157.124 COW tank washing machines. (a) COW machines must be permanently mounted in each cargo...

  1. Status of efforts to develop a clean car. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Clean Air and Nuclear Regulation of the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, April 27, 1993

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    This hearing presents the testimony of 4 witnesses. Gary A. Davis, Director of the Center for Clean Products and Clean Technologies at University of Tennessee, addresses automobile recycling in western Europe, life cycle assessment as a tool to redesign automobiles to make them less polluting, and the Saturday Corporation's recycling initiative and some of the other designs for environment initiatives within the Saturn Corp. Michael Walsh, consultant, emphasizes the future of continued growth in the automobile industry as dependent on building clean efficient vehicles and companies most successful in meeting that market demand will be those producing highly efficient and clean vehicles. Alan C. Lloyd, Ph.D., chief scientist, South Coast Air Quality Management District, California, provides responses to questions about how to set up a large national program in cooperation with the auto industry. Albert J. Sobey, consultant, discusses several ways to reduce emissions from cars as well as the problem of minimizing the non-technical barriers. Statements from Blue Planet Technologies, Co. and Electric Transportation Coalition are also included.

  2. Behavior of Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli relevant to lettuce washing processes and consideration of factors for evaluating washing process surrogates.

    PubMed

    Deng, Kaiping; Wang, Xue; Yen, Li-Han; Ding, Hongliu; Tortorello, Mary Lou

    2014-11-01

    Postharvest processes for fresh produce commonly include washing in water containing antimicrobial chemicals, such as chlorine; however, if the antimicrobials are not present in sufficient levels, washing can promote the spread of contamination that might be present. To understand cross-contamination risk during washing, we tested a collection of Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC), including O157:H7 and other non-O157 strains, for certain traits during washing of fresh-cut lettuce, i.e., sensitivity to sublethal chlorine levels and ability to cross-contaminate (detach from and attach to) lettuce in the presence of sublethal chlorine levels. Nonpathogenic E. coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) and Pediococcus pentosaceus lactic acid bacterial species (LAB) were included as potential washing process validation surrogates. As measured by extension of the lag phase of growth in media containing 0.15 ppm of chlorine, chlorine sensitivity varied among the STECs. Cross-contamination was assessed by evaluating transfer of bacteria from inoculated to uninoculated leaves during washing. Without chlorine, similar transfer to wash water and uninoculated leaves was shown. In 1 ppm of chlorine, cross-contamination was not detected with most strains, except for the substantial transfer by a STEC O111 strain and EcN in some replicates. Strain O111 and EcN showed less inactivation in 0.25 ppm of chlorine water compared with O157 (P < 0.05). LAB showed similar transfer and similar chlorine inactivation to O157. Considering together the sublethal chlorine sensitivity and detachment/attachment traits, neither EcN nor LAB displayed optimal characteristics as washing process surrogates for the STEC strains, although further evaluation is needed. This work demonstrated a range of behaviors of STEC strains during lettuce washing and may be helpful in hazard characterization, identifying factors to consider for evaluating washing process efficacy, and identifying phenotypic traits to select surrogates to validate washing processes. PMID:25364918

  3. Opposing regulation of cytochrome P450 expression by CAR and PXR in hypothyroid mice.

    PubMed

    Park, Young Joo; Lee, Eun Kyung; Lee, Yoon Kwang; Park, Do Joon; Jang, Hak Chul; Moore, David D

    2012-09-01

    Clinical hypothyroidism affects various metabolic processes including drug metabolism. CYP2B and CYP3A are important cytochrome P450 drug metabolizing enzymes that are regulated by the xenobiotic receptors constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) and pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2). We evaluated the regulation of the hepatic expression of CYPs by CAR and PXR in the hypothyroid state induced by a low-iodine diet containing 0.15% propylthiouracil. Expression of Cyp3a11 was suppressed in hypothyroid C57BL/6 wild type (WT) mice and a further decrement was observed in hypothyroid CAR-/- mice, but not in hypothyroid PXR-/- mice. In contrast, expression of Cyp2b10 was induced in both WT and PXR-/- hypothyroid mice, and this induction was abolished in CAR-/- mice and in and CAR-/- PXR-/- double knockouts. CAR mRNA expression was increased by hypothyroidism, while PXR expression remained unchanged. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a commonly used antiepileptic that is metabolized by CYP3A isoforms. After CBZ treatment of normal chow fed mice, serum CBZ levels were highest in CAR-/- mice and lowest in WT and PXR-/- mice. Hypothyroid WT or PXR-/- mice survived chronic CBZ treatment, but all hypothyroid CAR-/- and CAR-/- PXR-/- mice died, with CAR-/-PXR-/- mice surviving longer than CAR-/- mice (12.3±3.3 days vs. 6.3±2.1 days, p=0.04). All these findings suggest that hypothyroid status affects xenobiotic metabolism, with opposing responses of CAR and PXR and their CYP targets that can cancel each other out, decreasing serious metabolic derangement in response to a xenobiotic challenge. PMID:22503787

  4. Opposing Regulation of Cytochrome P450 Expression by CAR and PXR in Hypothyroid Mice

    PubMed Central

    Park, Young Joo; Lee, Eun Kyung; Lee, Yoon Kwang; Park, Do Joon; Jang, Hak Chul; Moore, David D.

    2012-01-01

    Clinical hypothyroidism affects various metabolic processes including drug metabolism. CYP2B and CYP3A are important cytochrome P450 drug metabolizing enzymes that are regulated by the xenobiotic receptors constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) and pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2). We evaluated the regulation of the hepatic expression of CYPs by CAR and PXR in the hypothyroid state induced by a low-iodine diet containing 0.15% propylthiouracil. Expression of Cyp3a11 was suppressed in hypothyroid C57BL/6 wild type (WT) mice and a further decrement was observed in hypothyroid CAR-/- mice, but not in hypothyroid PXR-/- mice. In contrast, expression of Cyp2b10 was induced in both WT and PXR-/- hypothyroid mice, and this induction was abolished in CAR-/- mice and in and CAR-/- PXR-/- double knockouts. CAR mRNA expression was increased by hypothyroidism, while PXR expression remained unchanged. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a commonly used antiepileptic that is metabolized by CYP3A isoforms. After CBZ treatment of normal chow fed mice, serum CBZ levels were highest in CAR-/- mice and lowest in WT and PXR-/- mice. Hypothyroid WT or PXR-/- mice survived chronic CBZ treatment, but all hypothyroid CAR-/- and CAR-/- PXR-/- mice died, with CAR-/-PXR-/- mice surviving longer than CAR-/- mice (12.3 ±3.3 days vs. 6.3 ±2.1 days, p=0.04). All these findings suggest that hypothyroid status affects xenobiotic metabolism, with opposing responses of CAR and PXR and their CYP targets that can cancel each other out, decreasing serious metabolic derangement in response to a xenobiotic challenge. PMID:22503787

  5. ISOCAM imaging of AG CAR and HR Car

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. R. Trams; L. B. F. M. Waters; R. H. M. Voors

    1996-01-01

    We present infrared images obtained with the ISOCAM instrument on board the Infrared Space Observatory of two Luminous Blue Variables (AG Car and HR Car). The images were obtained at eight wavelengths between 8.5 and 16mum using the Circular Variable Filters (CVFs), with a pixel size of 6 by 6arcsec and a total field of view of 192 by 192arcsec.

  6. Wash tool for well having perforated casing

    SciTech Connect

    Burroughs, T.C.

    1989-03-28

    A tool is described for washing a perforation zone in an earth formation adjacent a perforated casing in a bore hole of a well comprising: a tubular mandrel having an axial flow passage therethrough and adapted to be connected at its upper end to a drill string for receiving pressurized fluid therefrom; an elastomeric tubular packer on each mandrel end section in face to face contact with the outer peripheral surface of the mandrel and defining upper and lower packers; means on the mandrel for securing the upper and lower ends on each of the elastomeric packers in fixed position on the mandrel; a fluid passage through the mandrel wall from the axial flow passage to each of the packers to provide fluid from the mandrel bore to the area between the outer surface of the mandrel and the inner surface of the packers; a second fluid passage in the intermediate section extending through the mandrel wall form the axial flow passage at location between the packers of supplying fluid to the perforation zone adjacent the casing; and means for blocking fluid flow through the second fluid passage at the predetermined fluid pressure, the means being actuated at a second higher predetermined fluid pressure in the mandrel bore to permit fluid flow through the second fluid passage means and the perforated casing to the perforation zone outside the casing. Also described is a method of circulating fluid in a well having a perforated casing at a predetermined depth in the perforation zone.

  7. Eggshell bacterial levels of non-washed and washed eggs from caged and cage-free hens

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The bacteria levels of non-washed and washed eggs obtained from caged and cage-free laying hens housed on either all shavings or all wire slat floors were determined. On eight sample days (from 22 to 52 weeks at 4 week intervals), 20 eggs were collected from each pen (n=120/sample day). Ten eggs p...

  8. Eggshell bacterial contamination of non-washed and washed eggs from caged and cage-free hens

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This study was conducted to evaluate the microbiology of non-washed and washed table eggs obtained from caged and cage-free laying hens housed on either all shavings or all wire slat environments. Both Hy-Line W-37 white and Hy-Line brown strains were used. On each of four replication sample days ...

  9. February 2014 STUDENT APPLICATION FOR CAR PARKING

    E-print Network

    Davies, Christopher

    February 2014 STUDENT APPLICATION FOR CAR PARKING Car Parks Office Security & Portering Services@cardiff.ac.uk Limited spaces are available in the Cranbrook car parks for students living at Senghennydd Court only. The charge for car parking for session 2013/14 is £132.00, exclusive of VAT, payable in advance. CHEQUES

  10. SECTION TWO |3 By car All residences

    E-print Network

    Applebaum, David

    SECTION TWO |3 By car ­ All residences You may wish to use an online route planner. Motoring and locations of public car parks Residents are advised not to bring a car/vehicle with them except to deliver vehicle Limited metered parking in locality. Car parks are available along the Southbank www

  11. Art Cars: Transformations of the Mundane

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stienecker, Dawn

    2010-01-01

    The automobile itself is often understood as an extension of oneself, where individuals may manipulate the interior and exterior of cars and trucks, decorating them through detailing, stickers, custom colors, and so on. Others go further and change their cars into unique works of art called art cars. Such cars break away from the banality of mass…

  12. February 2014 STAFF APPLICATION FOR CAR PARKING

    E-print Network

    Davies, Christopher

    February 2014 STAFF APPLICATION FOR CAR PARKING Car Parks Office Security & Portering Services@cardiff.ac.uk The 2014 fee for staff car parking is 0.75% of gross annual salary or £192.00, whichever is lower. Changes) Model (Focus) Colour 1. 2. Car Parks In Order Of Preference 1st : 2nd : 3rd : The following

  13. Standard structures For roadside, car parks,

    E-print Network

    Standard structures For roadside, car parks, visitor information, wayfinding & waymarking Forestry visitor centres. Suitable locations At road entrance to car park/driveway Symbols Up to 5 symbols is for Entrances to medium-sized car parks Suitable locations At road entrance to car park Symbols Up to 3 symbols

  14. 49 CFR 174.615 - Cleaning cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cleaning cars. 174.615 Section 174.615 Transportation...Poisonous) Materials § 174.615 Cleaning cars. (a) [Reserved] (b) After...poisonous) materials are unloaded from a rail car, that car must be thoroughly cleaned...

  15. Equilibrium Pricing in the Scrap Car Market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chin Lim; Kian Guan Lim

    1991-01-01

    Traffic congestion is a critical and highly visible urban problem. In land scarce Singapore, the problem is even more crucial and the government has resorted to gargantuan measures not only to curb car use but also car ownership. Besides a plethora of road-use taxes, a unique tax structure on car ownership is employed that comprises hefty taxes on new car

  16. Scrap car pricing and welfare implications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chin Lim; Kian-Guan Lim

    1991-01-01

    Traffic congestion is a critical and highly visible urban problem. In land scarce Singapore, the problem is even more crucial and the government has resorted to gargantuan measures not only to curb car use but also car ownership. Besides a plethora of road-use taxes, a unique tax structure on car ownership is employed that comprises hefty taxes on new car

  17. The role of advertising and the car

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gordon Stokes; Sharon Hallett

    1992-01-01

    There currently exists some sort of consensus that the present level of increase in demand for cars and car usage cannot continue without congestion and major problems for the environment. Yet persuading people to think differently about car transport may be difficult. The car has inherent advantages over other forms of transport, and, perhaps more importantly, it has some sort

  18. Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation

    E-print Network

    California at Davis, University of

    Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation ZEV #12;Advanced Clean Cars ZEV Program.4% of Annual Sales in 2025 Projected: ZEVs #12;Advanced Clean Cars Hydrogen Infrastructure · Without infrastructure, the cars won't come · Complementary Policies to support ZEV regulation ­ Clean Fuels Outlet

  19. Coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS)

    E-print Network

    Greenaway, Alan

    Coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) For the study of biofilms Alexander Mc Vey1, Nils.f.mcvey@ed.ac.uk Polystyrene beads of diameter 2µm as imaged by the CARS system at COSMIC, The University of Edinburgh #12;Introduction Outline of CARS CARS set-up Results ­ Pushing the limits Results ­ Imaging E. coli Where do we go

  20. Plastic cars for developing nations

    SciTech Connect

    Ashley, S.

    1997-11-01

    Plastic automobiles may have passed a milestone on the long road to commercial reality with the development of Composite Concept Vehicle (CCV) from Chrysler Corp. in Auburn Hills, Mich. This basic compact car--so basic it could be called bare bones--is built by attaching an injection-molded thermoplastic polyester body onto a tubular steel chassis. The 1,200-pound CCV, which is expected to require one-third the labor and investment needed to build a conventional small car, was designed for new buyers in the emerging economies of China, India, and Southeast Asia. If commercialized, the car would likely cost about $6,000--halfway between a motorcycle and an entry-level auto. The small car was unveiled in September 1996 at the Frankfurt Auto Show in Germany.

  1. Car Safety for Special Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holland, Suzanne Hauser

    1983-01-01

    Various car seats, harnesses, and vests that can be used with handicapped children are described. Suggestions are also made for improvment when existing equipment is not appropriate. A list of resources on the topic is also provided. (CL)

  2. 2012 top 10 tech cars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence Ulrich

    2012-01-01

    When people dream about the future of driving, they picture hundreds of millions of cars humming almost imperceptibly on batteries or fuel cells, their power plants emitting water vapor or nothing. Rarely does petroleum fuel-and foul-the green fantasy. But don't let that vision distract you from reality. Although the world's biggest automakers are determined to bring electrified cars to the

  3. http://car.sagepub.com/ http://car.sagepub.com/content/4/2/153

    E-print Network

    Waldman, Stephen D.

    http://car.sagepub.com/ Cartilage http://car.sagepub.com/content/4/2/153 The online version and information for http://car.sagepub.com/cgi/alertsEmail Alerts: http://car://www.sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.navPermissions: at QUEENS UNIV LIBRARIES on April 5, 2013car.sagepub.comDownloaded from #12;Cartilage 4(2) 153

  4. Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System

    E-print Network

    Mottram, Nigel

    Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System 2014-15 Criteria for Car Parking All #12;The issue and control of car parking permits is vested in Estates Services. The annual charges are incorporated in the application form. The car parking charges will be deducted from

  5. Room environment influence on eggshell bacterial levels of non-washed and washed eggs from caged and cage-free laying hens

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The bacteria levels of non-washed and washed eggs obtained from caged and cage-free hens housed in either wire slats or shaving-covered pens were determined. On eight days (from 22 to 52 wk), 20 eggs were collected from each pen. Ten eggs/pen were washed with a commercial egg washing solution, whi...

  6. Washing of soils spiked with various pollutants by surfactant solutions

    SciTech Connect

    Yang, G.C.C.; Chang, J.H. [National Sun Yat-Sen Univ., Kaohsiung (Taiwan, Province of China)

    1995-12-31

    In this study, the batch-type of washing with surfactant solutions was employed for the treatment of soils artificially contaminated with various volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and heavy metals. 15 industrial grade surfactants were tested. Washing was conducing by adding surfactant solution to the soils and mixing for one hour, then centrifuging it and analyzing the supernatant. Deionized water was used for soil washing for comparison. Results indicated that deionized water performed as well as Surfactant No. 1 in washing VOC-contaminated soils. Therefore, it is concluded that the VOCs tested can be easily washed from soils by rain water. In washing PAH-contaminated soils, nonionic surfactants performed better than anionic surfactants in terms of removal efficiency. The amphoteric surfactant performed worst in washing PAH-contaminated soils. Generally, surfactants are useful in removing cadmium from soils, but are not useful for the removal of lead and copper. Amphoteric, anionic, and low pH cationic surfactants were the most effective of those tested. For PAH/heavy metals-contaminated soils, removal efficiencies were lower than that of soils containing a single contaminant.

  7. Immersion freezing of birch pollen washing water

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Augustin, S.; Wex, H.; Niedermeier, D.; Pummer, B.; Grothe, H.; Hartmann, S.; Tomsche, L.; Clauss, T.; Voigtländer, J.; Ignatius, K.; Stratmann, F.

    2013-11-01

    Birch pollen grains are known to be ice nucleating active biological particles. The ice nucleating activity has previously been tracked down to biological macromolecules that can be easily extracted from the pollen grains in water. In the present study, we investigated the immersion freezing behavior of these ice nucleating active (INA) macromolecules. Therefore we measured the frozen fractions of particles generated from birch pollen washing water as a function of temperature at the Leipzig Aerosol Cloud Interaction Simulator (LACIS). Two different birch pollen samples were considered, with one originating from Sweden and one from the Czech Republic. For the Czech and Swedish birch pollen samples, freezing was observed to start at -19 and -17 °C, respectively. The fraction of frozen droplets increased for both samples down to -24 °C. Further cooling did not increase the frozen fractions any more. Instead, a plateau formed at frozen fractions below 1. This fact could be used to determine the amount of INA macromolecules in the droplets examined here, which in turn allowed for the determination of nucleation rates for single INA macromolecules. The main differences between the Swedish birch pollen and the Czech birch pollen were obvious in the temperature range between -17 and -24 °C. In this range, a second plateau region could be seen for Swedish birch pollen. As we assume INA macromolecules to be the reason for the ice nucleation, we concluded that birch pollen is able to produce at least two different types of INA macromolecules. We were able to derive parameterizations for the heterogeneous nucleation rates for both INA macromolecule types, using two different methods: a simple exponential fit and the Soccer ball model. With these parameterization methods we were able to describe the ice nucleation behavior of single INA macromolecules from both the Czech and the Swedish birch pollen.

  8. Polymerization in narrow fractions of coal tar wash-oil

    SciTech Connect

    Volkov, E.L.; Akulov, P.V.; Zhilyaev, Yu. A.; Samarkina, A.A.

    1981-01-01

    Certain changes take place in coal tar wash-oil as it is circulated through the benzol hydrocarbons recovery and distillation cycle. It undergoes condensation, loses much of its light distillates content and attains a higher cp. One major problem with coal tar wash-oil is its tendency to form polymers as it circulates through the processing cycle and comes into contact with coke-oven gas. The polymerization rate is affected by a number of factors relating to the composition of the wash-oil, the concentrations in the coke-oven gas of components capable of promoting condensation and the operating conditions in the processing cycle. It has been shown that H/sub 2/S and O/sub 2/ in the coke-oven gas greatly accelerate polymerization processes in the wash-oil. Cyanide compounds and oxides of nitrogen also impair the quality of coal tar wash-oil.The deterioration of wash-oil in circulation leads to a serious rise in its cp and the rapid build-up of deposits on the scrubber packings, with serious effects on the performances of the benzol recovery and distillation sections. We have attempted to evaluate the polymerization tendencies of individual narrow wash-oil fractions. The tests were planned to simulate the conditions under which wash-oil can condense and polymerize. The results show that polymerization proceeds most rapidly in the fractions boiling at 280 to 285 and 285 to 295/sup 0/C. They rapidly increase in density and viscosity and lower the quality of the entire oil. The most stable fractions in respect of polymerization are those boiling up to 270/sup 0/C and up to 280/sup 0/C. These tests have shown that wash-oil boiling up to 280/sup 0/C is the least liable to polymerization; its processing quality is superior and the specific consumption can thus be reduced.

  9. Laboratory testing in-tank sludge washing, summary letter report

    SciTech Connect

    Norton, M.V.; Torres-Ayala, F.

    1994-09-01

    In-tank washing is being considered as a means of pretreating high-level radioactive waste sludges, such as neutralized current acid waste (NCAW) sludge. For this process, the contents of the tank will be allowed to settle, and the supernatant solution will be decanted and removed. A dilute sodium hydroxide/sodium nitrite wash solution will be added to the settled sludge and the tank contents will be mixed with a mixer pump system to facilitate washing of the sludge. After thorough mixing, the mixer pumps will be shut off and the solids will be allowed to re-settle. After settling, the supernatant solution will be withdrawn from the tank, and the wash cycle will be repeated several times with fresh wash solution. Core sample data of double shell tank 241-AZ-101 indicate that settling of NCAW solids may be very slow. A complicating factor is that strong thermal currents are expected to be generated from heat produced by radionuclides in the sludge layer at the bottom of the tank. Additionally, there are concerns that during the settling period (i.e., while mixing pumps and air-lift re-circulators are shut off), the radionuclides may heat the residual interstitial water in the sludge to the extent that violent steam discharges (steam bumping) could occur. Finally, there are concerns that during the washing steps sludge settling may be hindered as a result of the reduced ionic strength of the wash solution. To overcome the postulated reduced settling rates during the second and third washing steps, the use of flocculants is being considered. To address the above concerns and uncertainties associated with in-tank washing, PNL has conducted laboratory testing with simulant tank waste to investigate settling rates, steam bump potential, and the need for and use of flocculating agents.

  10. Experimental study of the constituents of space wash water

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colombo, G. V.; Putnam, D. F.

    1976-01-01

    Data are presented that quantify some of the various constituents of human origin that may be expected in space wash water. The experiments were conducted under controlled conditions with a simulated crew of two male and two female subjects. The data show that the expected wash water constituents originating from human secretions are substantially lower than theoretical projections have indicated. Average daily quantities as well as individual extremes are given for both shower and laundry water. In addition, concentrations are presented for a projected model of wash water usage in a space station.

  11. 78 FR 28577 - Notification of Proposed Production Activity: Whirlpool Corporation Subzone 8I; (Washing Machines...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-15

    ...Whirlpool Corporation Subzone 8I; (Washing Machines): Clyde and Green Springs, Ohio Whirlpool...produce standard and high capacity washing machines using certain imported components. The...subassemblies and other unfinished washing machine parts to the list of approved...

  12. CAR Lift Request, Revised 03/14 CAR Lift Request Form

    E-print Network

    CAR Lift Request, Revised 03/14 CAR Lift Request Form Office of the University Controller to the University will create an accounts receivable hold (CAR) preventing access to grades, course registration

  13. Design for dissemination of a low cost washing machine

    E-print Network

    Raduta, Radu

    2008-01-01

    Throughout much the developing world, laundry is done the same way today as it was thousands of years ago. The strenuous and time consuming task of clothes washing often falls on the women, who spend many hours every week ...

  14. Control of helminth contamination of raw vegetables by washing.

    PubMed

    Avcio?lu, Hamza; Soykan, Emel; Tarakci, Umit

    2011-02-01

    This study was conducted to determine the control of helminth egg contamination of raw vegetables by washing. A total of 199 unwashed and 199 washed lettuce, parsley, carrots, dill, rocket, and green-peppers, provided by a catering service in Bursa, Turkey, between March and June 2009, were subjected to helminth egg count under light microscopy. Helminth eggs were detected in six (3.0%) unwashed samples and not in any washed samples (p<0.01). Ascaris lumbricoides and Toxocara spp. were detected in four (2.0%) and two (1.0%) unwashed vegetables, respectively, mostly among leafy vegetables such as lettuce and parsley. Our data confirm that washing procedures before consumption of raw vegetables regardless of the providers' sanitation should be performed to avoid transmission of helminths. PMID:20569015

  15. PARTS WASHING ALTERNATIVES STUDY - UNITED STATES COAST GUARD

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report has been written to assist the United States Coast Guard (USCG) industrial managers in determining the most cost effective and environmentally acceptable parts washing alternatives for their specific applications. An; evaluation was conducted on four different cleane...

  16. 7. CLOSEUP VIEW OF WASHED UP 12' x 12' DAM ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. CLOSE-UP VIEW OF WASHED UP 12' x 12' DAM SUPPORT TIMBERS, THREE BEARS LAKE, LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM SOUTH SIDE OF LAKE - Three Bears Lake & Dams, North of Marias Pass, East Glacier Park, Glacier County, MT

  17. 6. VIEW OF THREE BEARS LAKE, SHOWING WASHED UP 12' ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. VIEW OF THREE BEARS LAKE, SHOWING WASHED UP 12' x 12' DAM SUPPORT TIMBERS, LOOKING NORTHEAST FROM SOUTH SIDE OF LAKE - Three Bears Lake & Dams, North of Marias Pass, East Glacier Park, Glacier County, MT

  18. 21 CFR 133.137 - Washed curd cheese for manufacturing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Washed curd cheese for manufacturing. 133.137 Section 133.137...SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS Requirements for Specific...

  19. 21 CFR 133.137 - Washed curd cheese for manufacturing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Washed curd cheese for manufacturing. 133.137 Section 133.137...SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS Requirements for Specific...

  20. 7. PRESSURE CONDUIT ACROSS SCHOOL HOUSE WASH ON THE POWER ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. PRESSURE CONDUIT ACROSS SCHOOL HOUSE WASH ON THE POWER CANAL Photographer: Walter J. Lubken, February 21, 1906 - Roosevelt Power Canal & Diversion Dam, Parallels Salt River, Roosevelt, Gila County, AZ

  1. View of Steel Flume Bridge #2 crossing over wash. Looking ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    View of Steel Flume Bridge #2 crossing over wash. Looking downstream, southwest - Childs-Irving Hydroelectric Project, Childs System, Flume Bridge No. 2, Forest Service Road 708/502, Camp Verde, Yavapai County, AZ

  2. 38. Photocopy of ink and wash rendering by N. G. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    38. Photocopy of ink and wash rendering by N. G. Starkwether in collection of Mr. & Mrs. Richard T. Pratt, Camden REAR ELEVATION OF W. C. PRATT'S COUNTRY SEAT - Camden, Rappahannock River, Port Royal, Caroline County, VA

  3. 19. Photocopy of circa 1839 ink and wash drawing by ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    19. Photocopy of circa 1839 ink and wash drawing by Richard Upjohn in Avery Library, Columbia University EAST ELEVATION (above) AND SECOND-FLOOR PLAN (below) - Kingscote, Bellevue Avenue & Bowery Street, Newport, Newport County, RI

  4. 20. Photocopy of ink and wash drawing by Richard Upjohn, ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    20. Photocopy of ink and wash drawing by Richard Upjohn, circa 1839, in Avery Library, Columbia University FIRST AND SECOND FLOOR PLANS - Kingscote, Bellevue Avenue & Bowery Street, Newport, Newport County, RI

  5. 37. Photocopy of ink and wash rendering by N. G. ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    37. Photocopy of ink and wash rendering by N. G. Starkwether in collection of Mr. & Mrs. Richard T. Pratt, Camden SIDE ELEVATION OF ITALIAN VILLA FOR W. C. PRATT, ESQr - Camden, Rappahannock River, Port Royal, Caroline County, VA

  6. 17. Photocopy of circa 1839 ink and wash drawing by ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. Photocopy of circa 1839 ink and wash drawing by Richard Upjohn in Avery Library, Columbia University, New York, New York FRONT ELEVATION (below) AND REAR ELEVATION (above) - Kingscote, Bellevue Avenue & Bowery Street, Newport, Newport County, RI

  7. 11. VIEW LOOKING OUT UPPER LEVEL WINDOW OF WASH HOUSE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    11. VIEW LOOKING OUT UPPER LEVEL WINDOW OF WASH HOUSE SHOWING SLACK COAL STORAGE TANK - Kaymoor Coal Mine, South side of New River, upstream of New River Gorge Bridge, Fayetteville, Fayette County, WV

  8. PARTS WASHING ALTERNATIVES STUDY - UNITED STATES COAST GUARD

    EPA Science Inventory

    This report has been written to assist the United States Coast Guard (USCG) industrial managers in determining the most cost effective and environmentally acceptable parts washing alternatives for their specific applications. n evaluation was conducted on four different cleaners ...

  9. Bioherbicidal activity from washed spores of Myrothecium verrucaria.

    PubMed

    Weaver, Mark A; Boyette, C Douglas; Hoagland, Robert E

    2012-05-01

    The fungal plant pathogen, Myrothecium verrucaria, is highly virulent to several important weed species and has potential utility as a bioherbicide. However the production of macrocyclic trichothecene mycotoxins by this fungus presents significant safety concerns. It was discovered that trichothecenes are removed from M. verrucaria spores by repeated washes with water. These washed spores retained bioherbicidal efficacy against kudzu when tested in field trials and on sicklepod when tested under greenhouse conditions. Changes in the growth medium combined with washing spores with water resulted in greater than 95% reduction in roridin A and verrucarin A. Washing spores reduced trichothecene concentrations in spore preparations with no significant effect on plant biomass reduction, thus demonstrating the possibility of M. verrucaria formulations with improved safety to researchers, producers and applicators. PMID:22806015

  10. Decolorization of anaerobically digested molasses spent wash by Pseudomonas putida

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Ghosh; A. Ganguli; A. K. Tripathi

    2009-01-01

    The distillery wastewater (spent wash) contains dark brown colored recalcitrant organic compounds that are not amenable to\\u000a conventional biological treatment. The characteristic recalcitrance to decolorization is due to the presence of brown melanoidin\\u000a polymers. In the present study, feasibility of using Pseudomonas putida putida strain U for decolorization of spent wash was demonstrated. Batch cultures of P. putida decolourized spent

  11. Direct Evidence of Washing out of Nuclear Shell Effects

    E-print Network

    A. Chaudhuri; T. K. Ghosh; K. Banerjee; S. Bhattacharya; Jhilam Sadhukhan; C. Bhattacharya; S. Kundu; J. K. Meena; G. Mukherjee; R. Pandey; T. K. Rana; P. Roy; T. Roy; V. Srivastava; P. Bhattacharya

    2015-04-17

    Constraining excitation energy at which nuclear shell effect washes out has important implications on the production of super heavy elements and many other fields of nuclear physics research. We report the fission fragment mass distribution in alpha induced reaction on an actinide target for wide excitation range in close energy interval and show direct evidence that nuclear shell effect washes out at excitation energy ~40 MeV. Calculation shows that second peak of the ?fission barrier also vanishes around similar excitation energy.

  12. Guilt and Compulsive Washing: Experimental Tests of Interrelationships

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jesse R. CougleAmy; Amy R. Goetz; Kirsten A. Hawkins; Kristin E. Fitch

    Recent evidence suggests a potentially important relationship between guilt and compulsive washing. The present studies sought\\u000a to clarify this relationship. In Study 1, we examined whether washing reduced guilt. Following guilt induction, 132 non-clinical\\u000a participants were randomized to one of three conditions: hand-wiping, straightening of clutter, or a control task. Contrary\\u000a to predictions, analyses indicated no differences between conditions in

  13. BLAISDELL SLOW SAND FILTER WASHING MACHINE. VIEW LOOKING SOUTH. THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    BLAISDELL SLOW SAND FILTER WASHING MACHINE. VIEW LOOKING SOUTH. THE OUTSIDE FACE OF THE NORTH WALL OF SETTLING RESERVOIR NO. 3 IS SEEN AT THE RIGHT. THE SETTLING RESERVOIR IS ELEVATED ABOVE THE FILTERING RESERVOIR TO ACHIEVE GRAVITY WATER FLOW FROM THE SETTLING RESERVOIR INTO THE FILTERING RESERVOIR. - Yuma Main Street Water Treatment Plant, Blaisdell Slow Sand Filter Washing Machine, Jones Street at foot of Main Street, Yuma, Yuma County, AZ

  14. Effective Washing Conditions Reduce Water Usage for Surimi Processing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tein M. Lin; Jae W. Park

    1997-01-01

    Possible minimization of water usage for leaching was investigated by reduced water\\/meat (W\\/M) ratio with increased washing cycles (WQ and washing time (WT). Increased WT did not enhance removal of sarcoplasmic proteins once equilibrium was reached, while the increased WC continuously removed residual sarcoplasmic proteins from the mince. No significant loss of myoFibrillar proteins occurred at the low W\\/M ratio

  15. Seatbelts in CAR therapy: How Safe Are CARS?

    PubMed Central

    Minagawa, Kentaro; Zhou, Xiaoou; Mineishi, Shin; Di Stasi, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    T-cells genetically redirected with a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) to recognize tumor antigens and kill tumor cells have been infused in several phase 1 clinical trials with success. Due to safety concerns related to on-target/off-tumor effects or cytokine release syndrome, however, strategies to prevent or abate serious adverse events are required. Pharmacologic therapies; suicide genes; or novel strategies to limit the cytotoxic effect only to malignant cells are under active investigations. In this review, we summarize results and toxicities of investigations employing CAR redirected T-cells, with a focus on published strategies to grant safety of this promising cellular application. PMID:26110321

  16. Decapitation due to car accident.

    PubMed

    Ausania, Francesco; Cittadini, Francesca; Cascini, Fidelia; Polacco, Matteo; Pascali, Vincenzo L; Oliva, Antonio

    2011-12-01

    The occurrence of complete decapitation as a consequence of car accident is an extremely rare event. This fatality is generally seen in pedestrians run over by trains and also in motorcyclists who impact against the tailboard of trucks. Moreover, complete transection of pedestrians and occupants of cars has been described in road accidents especially in case of vehicles traveling at a high speed. We present a case of decapitation with complete degloving injury of the neck in a patient involved in a traffic accident, and we briefly discuss the possible mechanisms producing this injury. PMID:21897196

  17. Rail-car impact tests with steel coil: car crush

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eloy Martinez; David Tyrell; John Zolock

    2003-01-01

    Two grade-crossing impact tests were conducted in June 2002 at the Federal Railroad Administration's (FRA's) Transportation Technology Center in Pueblo, Colorado as part of the FRA's research into passenger equipment crashworthiness. In both of these tests a cab car moving at approximately 14 mph impacted a standing coil of steel supported by a frangible table. The coil was positioned such

  18. Solar-powered car. Final report

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Plank

    1982-01-01

    The work reported was to modify a commercially available electric vehicle to use power generated by solar cells. Besides the technical and financial aspects of constructing the car, media publicity and public showings of the car are discussed. (LEW)

  19. 49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

  20. 49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

  1. 49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

  2. 49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

  3. 49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

  4. Toeplitz CAR flows and type I factorizations

    E-print Network

    Izumi, Masaki

    2009-01-01

    Toeplitz CAR flows are a class of E_0-semigroups including the first type III example constructed by R. T. Powers. We show that the Toeplitz CAR flows contain uncountably many mutually non cocycle conjugate E_0-semigroups of type III. We also generalize the type III criterion for Toeplitz CAR flows employed by Powers (and later refined by W. Arveson), and show that Toeplitz CAR flows are always either of type I or type III.

  5. The design of hybrid cushion cars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Foster

    1972-01-01

    The new American car safety legislation, Standard 208, is “performance?based” in specifying a car crash speed up to which the occupants will not be injured but no indication is given how to do it. The two leading contenders for the actualization are the inflatable air?bag and The Hybrid Cushion Car invented by the author.The principle of the Hybrid Cushion Car

  6. Pxr, car and drug metabolism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven A. Kliewer; Timothy M. Willson

    2002-01-01

    Mechanisms that protect the body from a diverse array of harmful chemicals are also involved in drug metabolism, and can cause adverse drug–drug interactions. Two closely related orphan nuclear hormone receptors — the pregnane X receptor (PXR) and the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) — have recently emerged as transcriptional regulators of cytochrome P450 expression that couple xenobiotic exposure to oxidative

  7. The City and the Car

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mimi Sheller; John Urry

    2000-01-01

    The social sciences have generally ignored the motor car and its awesome consequences for social life, especially in their analysis of the urban. Urban studies in particular has failed to consider the overwhelming impact of the automobile in transforming the time-space 'scapes' of the modern urban\\/suburban dweller. Focusing on forms of mobility into, across and through the city, we consider

  8. The Speeding Car Design Challenge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roman, Harry T.

    2009-01-01

    All too often, one reads about high-speed police chases in pursuit of stolen cars that result in death and injury to people and innocent bystanders. Isn't there another way to accomplish the apprehension of the thieves that does not put people at such great risk? This article presents a classroom challenge to use technology to remotely shutdown…

  9. Robust control prevents car skidding

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Ackermann

    1997-01-01

    The author discusses a system of robust unilateral decoupling of car steering dynamics. Its effect is that the driver has to concern himself much less with disturbance attenuation. The important quick reaction to disturbance torques is done by the automatic feedback system. The yaw dynamics no longer interfere with the path-following task of the driver. The safety advantages have been

  10. Power unit for electric cars

    SciTech Connect

    Ishikawa, Masami; Minezawa, Yukihiro.

    1993-07-06

    A power unit for mounting on the body of an electric car is described, comprising: a sensor for detecting a running condition of the car; a first power supply mounted on the electric car body; a second power supply module; means for detachably mounting different, interchangeable types of the second power supply module on the electric car body; a motor control circuit, including a computer, connected to the first power supply and the second power supply module for feeding a current to a motor as commanded by the computer; the computer including control means for determining (1) whether the second power supply module is mounted or not and (2) for determining the type of second power supply module mounted; setting means for connecting the first power supply and the second power supply module with the motor control circuit, in parallel or in series, responsive to the detected running condition; and the computer controlling the motor control circuit according to determinations of the control means.

  11. Symmetry in the Car Park

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hancock, Karen

    2007-01-01

    In this article, the author presents a lesson on rotational symmetry which she developed for her students. The aim of the lesson was "to identify objects with rotational symmetry in the staff car park" and the success criteria were "pictures or sketches of at least six objects with different orders of rotation". After finding examples of…

  12. Automated Car Park Management System

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fabros, J. P.; Tabañag, D.; Espra, A.; Gerasta, O. J.

    2015-06-01

    This study aims to develop a prototype for an Automated Car Park Management System that will increase the quality of service of parking lots through the integration of a smart system that assists motorist in finding vacant parking lot. The research was based on implementing an operating system and a monitoring system for parking system without the use of manpower. This will include Parking Guidance and Information System concept which will efficiently assist motorists and ensures the safety of the vehicles and the valuables inside the vehicle. For monitoring, Optical Character Recognition was employed to monitor and put into list all the cars entering the parking area. All parking events in this system are visible via MATLAB GUI which contain time-in, time-out, time consumed information and also the lot number where the car parks. To put into reality, this system has a payment method, and it comes via a coin slot operation to control the exit gate. The Automated Car Park Management System was successfully built by utilizing microcontrollers specifically one PIC18f4550 and two PIC16F84s and one PIC16F628A.

  13. Physics Fun with Toy Cars

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Herald, Christine

    2010-01-01

    According to the National Science Education Standards, students should be able to describe an object by its position, direction of motion, and speed (NRC 1996). During a unit on motion, the author decided to use Hot Wheels cars as the object students would describe. The first two activities are used to introduce students to the equipment and the…

  14. Friction in a Moving Car

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldberg, Fred M.

    1975-01-01

    Describes an out-of-doors, partially unstructured experiment to determine the coefficient of friction for a moving car. Presents the equation which relates the coefficient of friction to initial velocity, distance, and time and gives sample computed values as a function of initial speed and tire pressure. (GS)

  15. Light-induced carotenogenesis in Myxococcus xanthus: evidence that CarS acts as an anti-repressor of CarA.

    PubMed

    Whitworth, D E; Hodgson, D A

    2001-11-01

    In the bacterium Myxococcus xanthus, carotenoids are produced in response to illumination, as a result of expression of the crt carotenoid biosynthesis genes. The majority of crt genes are clustered in the crtEBDC operon, which is repressed in the dark by CarA. Genetic data suggest that, in the light, CarS is synthesized and achieves activation of the crtEBDC operon by removing the repressive action of CarA. As CarS contains no known DNA-binding motif, the relief of CarA-mediated repression was postulated to result from a direct interaction between these two proteins. Use of the yeast two-hybrid system demonstrated direct interaction between CarA and CarS. The two-hybrid system also implied that CarA and, possibly, CarS are capable of homodimerization. Direct evidence for CarS anti-repressor action was provided in vitro. A glutathione S-transferase (GST)-CarA protein fusion was shown to bind specifically to a palindromic operator sequence within the crtEBDC promoter. CarA was prevented from binding to its operator, and prebound CarA was removed by the addition of purified CarS. CarS is therefore an anti-repressor. PMID:11722744

  16. http://car.sagepub.com/ http://car.sagepub.com/content/2/2/137

    E-print Network

    Buschmann, Michael

    http://car.sagepub.com/ Cartilage http://car.sagepub.com/content/2/2/137 The online version: International Cartilage Repair Society can be found at:CartilageAdditional services and information for http://car.sagepub.com/cgi/alertsEmail Alerts: http://car.sagepub.com/subscriptionsSubscriptions: http

  17. car goat goat 11/13/2007 1 Car Goat Goat

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Peter

    car goat goat 11/13/2007 1 Car Goat Goat One of the most successful problems I have used with high school kids is the now notorious "car and two goats" problem. Its fascinating history certainly accounts doors by the (male) host. Behind one of these there is a car, and behind each of the other two

  18. InCarMusic: Context-Aware Music Recommendations in a Car

    E-print Network

    Ricci, Francesco

    InCarMusic: Context-Aware Music Recommendations in a Car Linas Baltrunas1 , Marius Kaminskas1-10587 Berlin, Germany Karl-Heinz.Lueke@telekom.de Abstract. Context aware recommender systems (CARS recommendations while the user is traveling by car should take into account the current traffic condition

  19. REACT: Routing Protocol for Emergency Applications in Car-to-Car Networks using

    E-print Network

    REACT: Routing Protocol for Emergency Applications in Car-to-Car Networks using Trajectories Erwin. More specifically researchers are looking at emergency alert services, enabling cars to warn eachother], Car 1 Funded by grant of the Fund for Scientific Research Flanders (Aspirant) 2 Partially funded

  20. IntelliCarTS: Intelligent Cars Transportation System Ashwin Gumaste, Rahul Singhai and Anirudh Sahoo

    E-print Network

    Sahoo, Anirudha

    IntelliCarTS: Intelligent Cars Transportation System Ashwin Gumaste, Rahul Singhai and Anirudh Mumbai, India 4000076 Email: ashwing@ieee.org, rahuls, sahoo @it.iitb.ac.in Abstract-- We propose IntelliCarTS (Intelligent Car Transport System), a Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) anti-collision mechanism that determines

  1. 49 CFR 1247.1 - Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated. 1247.1 Section 1247.1 Transportation...CONTINUED) ACCOUNTS, RECORDS AND REPORTS REPORT OF CARS LOADED AND CARS TERMINATED § 1247.1 Annual...

  2. University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy 1.0 Why have a car parking policy?

    E-print Network

    Pym, David J.

    Document1 University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy 1.0 Why have a car parking policy to such an extent that its current car park capacity is not sufficient to provide parking for all staff to improve and develop the University further, there is a need to control our car parking facilities

  3. 49 CFR 1247.1 - Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated. 1247.1 Section 1247.1 Transportation...CONTINUED) ACCOUNTS, RECORDS AND REPORTS REPORT OF CARS LOADED AND CARS TERMINATED § 1247.1 Annual...

  4. University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy -v2 0.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy

    E-print Network

    Levi, Ran

    University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy - v2 0.docx University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy 1.0 Why have a car parking policy? The University of Aberdeen is aware of the importance of corporate. The University has developed to such an extent that its current car park capacity is not sufficient to provide

  5. 49 CFR 1247.1 - Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated. 1247.1 Section 1247.1 Transportation...CONTINUED) ACCOUNTS, RECORDS AND REPORTS REPORT OF CARS LOADED AND CARS TERMINATED § 1247.1 Annual...

  6. On Self-Interested Agents in Vehicular Networks with Car-to-Car Gossiping

    E-print Network

    Kraus, Sarit

    1 On Self-Interested Agents in Vehicular Networks with Car-to-Car Gossiping Sarit Kraus, Raz Lin, and Yuval Shavitt Abstract--As more and more cars are equipped with GPS and Wi-Fi transmitters, it becomes easier to design systems that will allow cars to interact autonomously with each other, e.g., regarding

  7. Car-Rec: A Real Time Car Recognition System Daniel Marcus Jang and Matthew Turk

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    Car-Rec: A Real Time Car Recognition System Daniel Marcus Jang and Matthew Turk University. The resulting system is applied to the domain of car recognition and achieves accurate (> 90%) and real-time performance when searching databases containing thou- sands of images. 1. Introduction Car recognition

  8. 49 CFR 1247.1 - Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated. 1247.1 Section 1247.1 Transportation...CONTINUED) ACCOUNTS, RECORDS AND REPORTS REPORT OF CARS LOADED AND CARS TERMINATED § 1247.1 Annual...

  9. 49 CFR 1247.1 - Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated. 1247.1 Section 1247.1 Transportation...CONTINUED) ACCOUNTS, RECORDS AND REPORTS REPORT OF CARS LOADED AND CARS TERMINATED § 1247.1 Annual...

  10. Comparison of Respiratory Physiologic Features When Infants Are Placed in Car Safety Seats or Car Beds

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Bernard Kinane; Joan Murphy; Joel L. Bass; Michael J. Corwin

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE.The objective of this study was to compare the respiratory physiologic features of healthy term infants placed in either a car bed or a car safety seat. METHODS.Within the first 1 week of life, 67 healthy term infants were recruited and assigned randomly to be monitored in either a car bed (33 infants) or a car safety seat (34 infants).

  11. WASHING CONDITIONS AFFECT THE INACTIVATION OF ESCHERICHIA COLI O157:H7 ON FRUIT SURFACES

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Washing with sanitizers is an important step to reduce microbial populations during postharvest handling of produce. The washing efficacy of sanitizers has been extensively studied in the contexts of produce-to-sanitizer ratio, washing time, and washing temperature. Little attention has been paid to...

  12. A car detection system using the neocognitron

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Yamaguchi; H. Itakura

    1991-01-01

    A car image detection system using the neocognitron is described. The system can recognize car images successfully without regard to influences of the differences of kinds of cars and shifts in position. The number of cell planes can be reduced by actively introducing features of patterns to be recognized by the neocognitron. The neocognitron uses vertical and horizontal lines and

  13. General Car Use Policies Ground Transportation Policy

    E-print Network

    Goodman, Robert M.

    General Car Use Policies Ground Transportation Policy: The University has signed State choose the most effective and time efficient method of transportation. Car Rental Policy The university will reimburse for a rental car when there is a business justification or when there is no other

  14. When Cars Start Gossiping Paolo Costa

    E-print Network

    Musolesi, Mirco

    When Cars Start Gossiping Paolo Costa Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam The Netherlands costa) where interacting nodes are computers embedded in cars. VANET applications aim at enhancing the driver, computers embedded in cars can rely on the vehicle's power supply and may have plenty of memory storage

  15. Algorithms CS-37000 The car race problem

    E-print Network

    Babai, László

    Algorithms ­ CS-37000 The car race problem Instructor: L´aszl´o Babai Ry-164 e-mail: laci as the start (S), another as the goal (G). The points are represented as vectors (i, j). Cars are particles sitting on a point at any time. In one unit of time, a car can move from a point of R to another point

  16. COORDINATED AVIFAUNAL ROADCOUNTS (CAR) Avian Demography Unit

    E-print Network

    de Villiers, Marienne

    COORDINATED AVIFAUNAL ROADCOUNTS (CAR) Avian Demography Unit Department of Statistical Sciences Sheet No. 1 for other important details about CAR counts. 1. KM READING: from the odometer. Please zero identified as relevant in your area. Use the abbreviations for species given at the foot of the CAR roadcount

  17. Burning cars in a parking Jean Bertoin

    E-print Network

    Burning cars in a parking Jean Bertoin Abstract Knuth's parking scheme is a model in computer science for hashing with linear probing. One may imagine a circular parking with n sites; cars arrive at each site with unit rate. When a car arrives at a vacant site, it parks there; otherwise it turns

  18. COORDINATED AVIFAUNAL ROADCOUNTS (CAR) Animal Demography Unit

    E-print Network

    de Villiers, Marienne

    COORDINATED AVIFAUNAL ROADCOUNTS (CAR) Animal Demography Unit Departement Biologiese Wetenskappe Universiteit van Kaapstad Rondebosch 7701 Tel: (021) 650-2423 Faks (021) 650-3301 E-pos: car@adu.org.za www-Afrika as gids vir "CAR"-tellings. Klein verskille, veral met betrekking tot soorte voëls wat getel moet word

  19. LEARNING TO DRIVE: PERCEPTION FOR AUTONOMOUS CARS

    E-print Network

    Thrun, Sebastian

    LEARNING TO DRIVE: PERCEPTION FOR AUTONOMOUS CARS A DISSERTATION SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT and other preventable causes. Au- tonomous or highly aware cars have the potential to positively impact tens of millions of people. Building an autonomous car is not easy. Although the absolute number of traf- fic

  20. Offloading Floating Car Data Razvan Stanica

    E-print Network

    Fiore, Marco

    Offloading Floating Car Data Razvan Stanica Universit´e de Lyon, INRIA UrbaNet INSA-Lyon, CITI Lab Malandrino DET Politecnico di Torino malandrino@tlc.polito.it Abstract--Floating Car Data (FCD) is currently network by up to 95%. I. INTRODUCTION Floating Car Data (FCD) consist of information generated by moving

  1. CURRICULUM VITAE LORENZO DE CARLI May 2014

    E-print Network

    Liblit, Ben

    CURRICULUM VITAE LORENZO DE CARLI May 2014 Graduate Student at cs dot wisc dot edu Carli, S. Jha, E. Bach. Deep Packet Inspection with DFA-trees and Parametrized Lan- guage Overapproximation. IEEE INFOCOM 2014. S. J. Kim, L. De Carli, K. Sankaralingam, C. Estan. SWSL: SoftWare Synthesis

  2. COORDINATED AVIFAUNAL ROADCOUNTS (CAR) Avian Demography Unit

    E-print Network

    de Villiers, Marienne

    1 COORDINATED AVIFAUNAL ROADCOUNTS (CAR) Avian Demography Unit Department of Statistical Sciences of existing routes The primary objective of CAR is to monitor the populations of large terrestrial birds. The planning of the network of CAR routes is vitally important. If this is done correctly from the beginning

  3. Development of a robot car wiring system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kyong-mo Koo; Xin Jiang; Kohei Kikuchi; A. Konno; M. Uchiyama

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, the development of a robot car wiring system is addressed. It is designed to be used for automatically assembling wire harness into a car body. This operation is among the most difficult tasks of vehicle assembly and is not yet automated. Based on an analysis of the requirements for a robot car wiring system, we propose a

  4. 49 CFR 212.217 - Car inspector.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Car inspector. 212.217 Section 212.217 Transportation...REGULATIONS State Inspection Personnel § 212.217 Car inspector. (a) The car inspector is required, at a minimum, to be...

  5. 49 CFR 231.6 - Flat cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Flat cars. 231.6 Section 231.6 Transportation Other...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.6 Flat cars. (Cars with sides 12 inches or less above the floor may be...

  6. Video monitoring system for car seat

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Elrod, Susan Vinz (Inventor); Dabney, Richard W. (Inventor)

    2004-01-01

    A video monitoring system for use with a child car seat has video camera(s) mounted in the car seat. The video images are wirelessly transmitted to a remote receiver/display encased in a portable housing that can be removably mounted in the vehicle in which the car seat is installed.

  7. 49 CFR 231.6 - Flat cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Flat cars. 231.6 Section 231.6 Transportation Other...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.6 Flat cars. (Cars with sides 12 inches or less above the floor may be...

  8. Terrein / car park: Inleveren bij / submit to

    E-print Network

    Galis, Frietson

    Procedure: Terrein / car park: Inleveren bij / submit to: Info: Vul a.u.b. uw gegevens in / please terrein, voor de duur van: Requests access to the car park(s) mentioned above for the period of voorbehoud kan van toepassing zijn. You can request access rights for the local car park(s) on one campus

  9. 49 CFR 212.217 - Car inspector.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Car inspector. 212.217 Section 212.217 Transportation...REGULATIONS State Inspection Personnel § 212.217 Car inspector. (a) The car inspector is required, at a minimum, to be...

  10. 49 CFR 231.6 - Flat cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Flat cars. 231.6 Section 231.6 Transportation Other...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.6 Flat cars. (Cars with sides 12 inches or less above the floor may be...

  11. Performance Modeling of Intelligent Car Parking Systems

    E-print Network

    Telek, Miklós

    Performance Modeling of Intelligent Car Parking Systems K´aroly Farkas1,3 , G´abor Horv´ath1 Abstract. The performance analysis of the car parking process in a parking lot with various levels the average time necessary for the user to reach the desired destination, the amount of cars moving

  12. 49 CFR 231.6 - Flat cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Flat cars. 231.6 Section 231.6 Transportation Other...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.6 Flat cars. (Cars with sides 12 inches or less above the floor may be...

  13. 49 CFR 231.6 - Flat cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Flat cars. 231.6 Section 231.6 Transportation Other...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.6 Flat cars. (Cars with sides 12 inches or less above the floor may be...

  14. 49 CFR 212.217 - Car inspector.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Transportation 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Car inspector. 212.217 Section 212.217 Transportation...REGULATIONS State Inspection Personnel § 212.217 Car inspector. (a) The car inspector is required, at a minimum, to be...

  15. 49 CFR 212.217 - Car inspector.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Car inspector. 212.217 Section 212.217 Transportation...REGULATIONS State Inspection Personnel § 212.217 Car inspector. (a) The car inspector is required, at a minimum, to be...

  16. Salary Exchange Car Policy FEBRUARY 2010

    E-print Network

    Bearhop, Stuart

    Salary Exchange Car Policy FEBRUARY 2010 1. Preamble 1.1 This policy forms part of the terms and conditions of the agreement between the employee and the University in relation to the Salary Exchange Car Policy. 1.2 The Salary Exchange Car Scheme is based upon a leasing agreement between the University

  17. 49 CFR 212.217 - Car inspector.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Car inspector. 212.217 Section 212.217 Transportation...REGULATIONS State Inspection Personnel § 212.217 Car inspector. (a) The car inspector is required, at a minimum, to be...

  18. CAR REGISTRATION SIMULATION MODEL IN GCC COUNTRY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shamsuddin Ahmed

    Car registration and inspection simulation experiment to analyze business functions of the traffic department in Al-Ain city in United Arab Emirates (UAE) is reported. The car registration is managed by a government organization in association with a private network service company that looks after the inspection service. A visual AweSim car registration simulation model is developed from workflow viewpoint. The

  19. Mad Max: The Car and Australian Governance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kieran Tranter

    2003-01-01

    This article argues that the car is an intimate aspect of the governance of Australia. The term 'governance' is defined as the techniques used to know, order and manage individuals. The film Mad Max II: The Road Warrior is used as a prism to separate out the roles that the car performs in governance. Three roles are identified: the car

  20. Towards the fundamentals of car following theory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ihor Lubashevsky; Peter Wagner; Reinhard Mahnke

    2002-01-01

    The problem of a car following a lead car driven with constant velocity is considered. To derive the governing equations for the following car dynamics a cost functional that ranks the outcomes of different driving strategies is constructed, which applies to fairly general properties of the driver behavior. Assuming the driver behavior to be rational, the existence of the Nash

  1. Car Safety System Using Fuzzy Logic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mazin Al-Hadidi; Yasir Khalil Ibrahim; Yarob Adnan Istitieh

    2008-01-01

    Nowadays everybody can recognize the huge increasing of car numbers on roads. Day after day, this increasing may be an indicator for changing and development. This put a lot of challenges on people and governments. One of these challenges is car accidents and there bad effects. The main aim of our proposal is to help our society to decrease car

  2. Thermal Protection Standards for Railroad Tank Cars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carlos J. Hilado; Diana P. Brauer

    1978-01-01

    As a result of a series of serious railroad accidents involv ing certain uninsulated pressure tank cars transporting hazardous materials, the specifications for railroad tank cars were amended in the interest of safety. Specification 112 and 114 tank cars used to transport flammable gases such as propane, butane, and vinyl chloride are required to have both thermal and tank head

  3. Car Ownership and Welfare-to-Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ong, Paul M.

    2002-01-01

    This study examines the role of car ownership in facilitating employment among recipients under the current welfare-to-work law. Because of a potential problem with simultaneity, the analysis uses predicted car ownership constructed from two instrumental variables, insurance premiums and population density for car ownership. The data come from a…

  4. Shuttle-Car System for Continuous Mining

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collins, E. R., Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Buffer storage catches coal production between loadings. Telescoping reservoir filled continuously. With tailgate down, shuttle car slides into place along sides and bottom of reservoir. Reservoir retracts along inside of car and out through tailgate, leaving coal behind in car. System not restricted to coal mining and may prove economical for hauling other solid materials.

  5. Optimal energy management for solar car race

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. S. Wright

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes a solar car simulation and race strategy program developed for the University of Illinois Sunrayce 95 solar car race team. The goal is to complete the ten-day race course in the minimum total running time, using solar energy alone. In cloudy weather, even the most competitive cars can become energy-limited. The strategic choice in that case, is

  6. Critical Speed Control of a Solar Car

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Pudney; Phil Howlett

    2002-01-01

    The World Solar Challenge is a 3000 km race for solar powered cars across the Australian continent from Darwin to Adelaide. Each car is powered by a panel of photovoltaic cells which convert sunlight into electrical power. The power can be used directly to drive the car or stored in a battery for later use. Previous papers (P. Howlett, P.

  7. Quality of door sounds of passenger cars

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sonoko Kuwano; Hugo Fastl; Seiichiro Namba; Seishi Nakamura; Hiroshi Uchida

    2006-01-01

    It is reported that the sound of a car door closing is one of the main factors to determine the overall impression of the car. Much effort has been made to improve the quality of this sound. In this study, sounds of the closing of the doors of various passenger cars were recorded and presented via headphones in a sound-proof

  8. Hand Washing Among School Children in Bogotá, Colombia

    PubMed Central

    Lopez-Quintero, Catalina; Freeman, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Objectives. We assessed hand-washing behaviors and intentions among school children in Bogotá, Colombia, to help identify and overcome barriers to proper hygiene practices. Methods. Data on hand-washing behavior and intentions and individual and contextual factors were collected from 2042 sixth- through eighth-grade students in 25 schools in Bogotá via anonymous questionnaires. A member of the school administration or teaching staff completed a questionnaire about the school environment. Site inspections of bathroom facilities were conducted. Results. Only 33.6% of the sample reported always or very often washing hands with soap and clean water before eating and after using the toilet. About 7% of students reported regular access to soap and clean water at school. A high level of perceived control was the strongest predictor of positive hand-washing intentions (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 6.0; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 4.8, 7.5). Students with proper hand-washing behavior were less likely to report previous-month gastrointestinal symptoms (OR = 0.8; 95% CI = 0.6, 0.9) or previous-year school absenteeism (OR = 0.7; 95% CI = 0.6, 0.9). Conclusions. Scarcity of adequate facilities in most schools in Bogotá prevents children from adopting proper hygienic behavior and thwarts health promotion efforts. The current renovation program of public schools in Bogotá provides a unique opportunity to meet the challenges of providing a supportive environment for adoption of healthy behaviors. PMID:19008513

  9. Treatment of tunnel wash water and implications for its disposal.

    PubMed

    Hallberg, M; Renman, G; Byman, L; Svenstam, G; Norling, M

    2014-01-01

    The use of road tunnels in urban areas creates water pollution problems, since the tunnels must be frequently cleaned for traffic safety reasons. The washing generates extensive volumes of highly polluted water, for example, more than fivefold higher concentrations of suspended solids compared to highway runoff. The pollutants in the wash water have an affinity for particulate material, so sedimentation should be a viable treatment option. In this study, 12 in situ sedimentation trials were carried out on tunnel wash water, with and without addition of chemical flocculent. Initial suspended solids concentration ranged from 804 to 9,690 mg/L. With sedimentation times of less than 24 hours and use of a chemical flocculent, it was possible to reach low concentrations of suspended solids (<15 mg/L), PAH (<0.1 ?g/L), As (<1.0 ?g/L), Cd (<0.05 ?g/L), Hg (<0.02 ?g/L), Fe (<200 ?g/L), Ni (<8 ?g/L), Pb (<0.5 ?g/L), Zn (<60 ?g/L) and Cr (<8 ?g/L). Acute Microtox(®) toxicity, mainly attributed to detergents used for the tunnel wash, decreased significantly at low suspended solids concentrations after sedimentation using a flocculent. The tunnel wash water did not inhibit nitrification. The treated water should be suitable for discharge into recipient waters or a wastewater treatment plant. PMID:24845317

  10. Technical bases DWPF Late Washing Facility. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect

    Fish, D.L.; Landon, L.F.

    1992-08-10

    A task force recommended that the technical feasibility of a ``Late Wash` facility be assessed [1]. In this facility, each batch of tetraphenylborate slurry from Tank 49 would be given a final wash to reduce the concentrations of nitrite and radiolysis products to acceptable levels. Laboratory-scale studies have demonstrated that d the nitrite content of the slurry fed to DWPF is reduced to 0.01 M or less (and at least a 4X reduction in concentration of the soluble species is attained), (1) the need for HAN during hydrolysis is eliminated (eliminating the production of ammonium ion during hydrolysis), (2) hydrolysis may be done with a catalyst concentration that will not exceed the copper solubility in glass and (3) the non-polar organic production during hydrolysis is significantly reduced. The first phase of an aggressive research and development program has been completed and all test results obtained to date support the technical feasibility of Late Washing. Paralleling this research and development effort is an aggressive design study directed by DWPF to scope and cost retrofitting the Auxiliary Pump Pit (APP) to enable performing a final wash of each batch of precipitate slurry before R is transferred into the DWPF Soft Processing Cell (SPC). An initial technical bases for the Late Wash Facility was transmitted to DWPF on June 15, 1992. Research and development activities are continuing directed principally at optimization of the cross-f low fitter decontamination methodology and pilot-scale validation of the recommended benzene stripping metodology.

  11. http://car.sagepub.com/ http://car.sagepub.com/content/early/2012/10/22/1947603512463227

    E-print Network

    Buschmann, Michael

    http://car.sagepub.com/ Cartilage http://car.sagepub.com/content/early/2012 at:CartilageAdditional services and information for http://car.sagepub.com/cgi/alertsEmail Alerts: http://car.sagepub.com/subscriptionsSubscriptions: http

  12. TrafficView: A Driver Assistant Device for Traffic Monitoring based on Car-to-Car Communication

    E-print Network

    Iftode, Liviu

    TrafficView: A Driver Assistant Device for Traffic Monitoring based on Car-to-Car Communication, Directions, etc. Slide bar for areas infront or behind you Your car Other cars Fig. 1. Example of Traffic

  13. Retromer-mediated endosomal protein sorting: all WASHed up!

    PubMed

    Seaman, Matthew N J; Gautreau, Alexis; Billadeau, Daniel D

    2013-11-01

    Endosomal protein sorting governs the fate of many physiologically important proteins involved in a panoply of cellular functions. Recent discoveries have revealed a vital role for endosomally localised branched actin patches in facilitating protein sorting. The formation of the actin patches has been shown to require the function of the WASH complex - the major endosomal actin polymerisation-promoting complex - which stimulates the activity of the ubiquitously expressed Arp2/3 complex. Another key component of the endosomal protein-sorting machinery is the retromer complex. Studies now show that retromer mediates the recruitment of the WASH complex and its regulators to endosomes. In this review, recent progress in understanding the role of the WASH complex along with retromer in endosomal protein sorting is discussed. PMID:23721880

  14. Soil washing results for mixed waste pond soils at Hanford

    SciTech Connect

    Gerber, M.A.

    1991-09-01

    Soil washing technology was assessed as a means for remediating soil contaminated with mixed wastes primarily composed of heavy metals and radionuclides. The soils at the US Department of Energy's Hanford Site are considered suitable for soil washing because of their relatively low quantities of silt and clay. However, in a limited number of soil washing experiments using soils from different locations in the north pond of the 300 Area, the degree of decontamination achieved for the coarse fraction of the soil varied considerably. Part of this variation appears to be due to the presence of a discrete layer of contaminated sediment found in some of the samples. 7 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

  15. Electrical Switchability and Dry-Wash Durability of Conductive Textiles

    PubMed Central

    Wu, Bangting; Zhang, Bowu; Wu, Jingxia; Wang, Ziqiang; Ma, Hongjuan; Yu, Ming; Li, Linfan; Li, Jingye

    2015-01-01

    There is growing interest in the area of conductive textiles in the scientific and industrial community. Herein, we successfully prepared a conductive textile via covalently grafting polyaniline (PANI) onto cotton by a multi-step treatment process. The conductivity of the resultant fabric could be tuned by immersing in water having different pH values. The conductive and insulating properties of the textile could be conveniently switched by alternately immersing in acidic and alkaline bath solutions. Most importantly, the resultant conductive fabrics were able to withstand 40 simulated dry-wash cycles, with almost no decay in the electrical conductivity, indicating their excellent dry-wash durability. The present strategy for fabricating conductive fabrics with excellent switchability of electrical properties and dry-wash durability is expected to provide inspiration for the production of multifunctional conductive textiles for use in hash or sensitive conditions. PMID:26066704

  16. Gravity and magnetic study of Yucca Wash, southwest Nevada

    SciTech Connect

    Langenheim, V.E.; Ponce, D.A.; Oliver, H.W.; Sikora, R.F. [Geological Survey, Menlo Park, CA (United States)

    1993-12-31

    Gravity and ground magnetic data were collected along five traverses across and one traverse along Yucca Wash in the southwest quadrant of the Nevada Test Site. Two additional ground magnetic profiles were collected approximately 100 m to either side of the longitudinal profile. These data do not indicate major vertical offsets greater than 100 m using a density contrast of 0.2 to 0.3 g/cm{sup 3} along the proposed Yucca Wash fault. A broad magnetic high coincides with the location of the hydrologic gradient. Density profiling, a technique used to determine the average density of small topographic features, suggests that the density of near-surface material in the vicinity of Yucca Wash is about 2.0 g/cm{sup 3}.

  17. Electrical Switchability and Dry-Wash Durability of Conductive Textiles.

    PubMed

    Wu, Bangting; Zhang, Bowu; Wu, Jingxia; Wang, Ziqiang; Ma, Hongjuan; Yu, Ming; Li, Linfan; Li, Jingye

    2015-01-01

    There is growing interest in the area of conductive textiles in the scientific and industrial community. Herein, we successfully prepared a conductive textile via covalently grafting polyaniline (PANI) onto cotton by a multi-step treatment process. The conductivity of the resultant fabric could be tuned by immersing in water having different pH values. The conductive and insulating properties of the textile could be conveniently switched by alternately immersing in acidic and alkaline bath solutions. Most importantly, the resultant conductive fabrics were able to withstand 40 simulated dry-wash cycles, with almost no decay in the electrical conductivity, indicating their excellent dry-wash durability. The present strategy for fabricating conductive fabrics with excellent switchability of electrical properties and dry-wash durability is expected to provide inspiration for the production of multifunctional conductive textiles for use in hash or sensitive conditions. PMID:26066704

  18. Wash-Out in N_2-dominated leptogenesis

    E-print Network

    Florian Hahn-Woernle

    2010-08-22

    We study the wash-out of a cosmological baryon asymmetry produced via leptogenesis by subsequent interactions. Therefore we focus on a scenario in which a lepton asymmetry is established in the out-of-equilibrium decays of the next-to-lightest right-handed neutrino. We apply the full classical Boltzmann equations without the assumption of kinetic equilibrium and including all quantum statistical factors to calculate the wash-out of the lepton asymmetry by interactions of the lightest right-handed state. We include scattering processes with top quarks in our analysis. This is of particular interest since the wash-out is enhanced by scatterings and the use of mode equations with quantum statistical distribution functions. In this way we provide a restriction on the parameter space for this scenarios.

  19. Increasing hand washing compliance with a simple visual cue.

    PubMed

    Ford, Eric W; Boyer, Brian T; Menachemi, Nir; Huerta, Timothy R

    2014-10-01

    We tested the efficacy of a simple, visual cue to increase hand washing with soap and water. Automated towel dispensers in 8 public bathrooms were set to present a towel either with or without activation by users. We set the 2 modes to operate alternately for 10 weeks. Wireless sensors were used to record entry into bathrooms. Towel and soap consumption rates were checked weekly. There were 97,351 hand-washing opportunities across all restrooms. Towel use was 22.6% higher (P=.05) and soap use was 13.3% higher (P=.003) when the dispenser presented the towel without user activation than when activation was required. Results showed that a visual cue can increase hand-washing compliance in public facilities. PMID:24228670

  20. Washing and caustic leaching of Hanford Tank C-106 sludge

    SciTech Connect

    Lumetta, G.J.; Wagner, M.J.; Hoopes, F.V.; Steele, R.T.

    1996-10-01

    This report describes the results of a laboratory-scale washing and caustic leaching test performed on sludge from Hanford Tank C-106. The purpose of this test was to determine the behavior of important sludge components when subjected to washing with dilute or concentrated sodium hydroxide solutions. The results of this laboratory-scale test were used to support the design of a bench-scale washing and leaching process used to prepare several hundred grams of high-level waste solids for vitrification tests to be done by private contractors. The laboratory-scale test was conducted at Pacific Northwest Laboratory in FY 1996 as part of the Hanford privatization effort. The work was funded by the US Department of Energy through the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS; EM-30).

  1. CAR SAFETY AND CAR SECURITY: AN HISTORICAL COMPARISON

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Graeme R. Newman

    Abstract: The research on the evolution of automobile safety is far more extensive than that on automobile security. In fact the latter is almost non-existent. This paper outlines the major interests that con- tributed to the development,of car safety in the U.S.A. since the incep- tion of the automobile in 1885, and the striking effect that this had on the

  2. Electric cars shift into second gear

    SciTech Connect

    Silber, K.

    1994-05-09

    High cost and poor performance have hurt the market for electric cars, but more states are passing emission control regulations that will make electric cars more attractive. Federal funding also will promote research on electric vehicle technologies. There is much work to do on battery recharging, range expansion, and weight to make electric cars desirable to the public. The auto industry is lobbying against the regulations because it fears electric cars will not be commercially viable by the deadlines. Other alternatives for reducing auto emissions are explored. The ultimate fate of electric cars will be decided by consumers.

  3. Water Conservation Tips When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the

    E-print Network

    Water Conservation Tips When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the other with rinse water. Run your washing machine and dishwasher only instead and save gallons every time. For cold drinks keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator instead

  4. Appendix 1 -Permit Validity 2013-14 21/02/2014 Visitor Car

    E-print Network

    Doran, Simon J.

    Type Main Car Park Car Park 1 Pay & Display Senate House Visitor Car Park Disabled Bays Lakeside Car Park Warden Bays Wates House SU Minibus Car Park SU Visitor Bays Car Park 5 Reserved Bays in CP5 Leggett & CRC Main car park Nursery Drop Off Off Peak Area Main car park Residents Car Park SSP Car Parks

  5. BLAISDELL SLOW SAND FILTER WASHING MACHINE. VIEW LOOKING SOUTH. THE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    BLAISDELL SLOW SAND FILTER WASHING MACHINE. VIEW LOOKING SOUTH. THE SUCTION (INTAKE) HOSE IS SEEN AT THE LEFT RESTING ON THE FILTER BED SURFACE; THE DISCHARGE HOSE IS AT THE RIGHT, RUNNING FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE CENTRAL VERTICAL AXLE TO THE CENTRIFUGAL PUMP. FROM THE PUMP WATER IS DISCHARGED THROUGH THE HORIZONTAL PIPE LOCATED UNDER THE EDGE OF PLATFORM DECK INTO THE WASTE-WATER TROUGH (NOT SEEN IN THIS VIEW). - Yuma Main Street Water Treatment Plant, Blaisdell Slow Sand Filter Washing Machine, Jones Street at foot of Main Street, Yuma, Yuma County, AZ

  6. Direct evidence of "washing out" of nuclear shell effects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chaudhuri, A.; Ghosh, T. K.; Banerjee, K.; Bhattacharya, S.; Sadhukhan, Jhilam; Bhattacharya, C.; Kundu, S.; Meena, J. K.; Mukherjee, G.; Pandey, R.; Rana, T. K.; Roy, P.; Roy, T.; Srivastava, V.; Bhattacharya, P.

    2015-04-01

    Constraining the excitation energy at which the nuclear shell effect washes out has important implications on the production of superheavy elements and many other fields of nuclear physics research. We report the fission fragment mass distribution in ? induced reaction on an actinide target for wide excitation range in close energy interval and show direct evidence that the nuclear shell effect washes out at excitation energy ˜40 MeV. The calculation shows that the second peak of the fission barrier also vanishes around similar excitation energy.

  7. 100 Area soil washing bench-scale test procedures

    SciTech Connect

    Freeman, H.D.; Gerber, M.A.; Mattigod, S.V.; Serne, R.J.

    1993-03-01

    This document describes methodologies and procedures for conducting soil washing treatability tests in accordance with the 100 Area Soil Washing Treatability Test Plan (DOE-RL 1992, Draft A). The objective of this treatability study is to evaluate the use of physical separation systems and chemical extraction methods as a means of separating chemically and radioactively contaminated soil fractions from uncontaminated soil fractions. These data will be primarily used for determining feasibility of the individual unit operations and defining the requirements for a system, or systems, for pilot-scale testing.

  8. TWO CAR FRONTAL COLLISIONS: THE ROLE OF CAR MASS, COLLISION SPEED DISTRIBUTION AND FRONTAL STIFFNESS IN OCCUPANT FATALITY AND INJURY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Denis P. Wood; Ciaran Simms; Colin Glynn

    There is controversy regarding the role of car mass in injury and fatality risk in individual car-to-car collisions and for overall car populations. In addition, the effect of frontal stiffness on both the case and partner cars is disputed, and the role of the distribution of collision closing speed has not been adequately examined. In this paper empirical car crash

  9. Die Buchung fr das E-Car erfolgt mind. 1 Werktag vor Nutzung ber e-car@gut.tuwien.ac.at im sog. E-Car

    E-print Network

    Szmolyan, Peter

    Die Buchung für das E-Car erfolgt mind. 1 Werktag vor Nutzung über e-car@gut.tuwien.ac.at im sog. E-Car durch Bestätigung der Buchung (=Termin im Outlook Kalender) Bei Problemen: DW 41201 oder 40001 Das TU E-Car ist prinzipiell nur für Mitarbeiter/innen der TU buchbar Ausstattung: das E-Car ist ausgestattet mit

  10. The testing of car batteries

    SciTech Connect

    Steffens, F. [Francois Steffens Consulting Services, Oree (Switzerland)

    1996-02-01

    The testing of car batteries is more often a question of why than how. Although such batteries are all fairly simple and similar, the use is very diversified. One could try to approach the problem by making some classification: (1) New batteries: OEM, wet charged; replacement, dry and wet charged (2) Batteries in use: Ordinary passenger cars with good operating conditions; service vehicles (trucks, buses) requiring high reliability; poor operating conditions, inclusive non-automotive. Different constructions allow to satisfy the requirements: compact, high-performance batteries are suitable for light service. For difficult operating conditions reinforced heavy-duty batteries should be installed; the slightly higher production cost is compensated for by a longer life. This paper discusses battery testing with regard to failures, battery life, and electrical measurements.

  11. Heterodyne effect in Hybrid CARS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xi Wang; Aihua Zhang; Miaochan Zhi; Alexei Sokolov; George Welch; Marlan Scully

    2009-01-01

    We study the interaction between the resonant Raman signal and non-Raman field, either the concomitant nonresonant four-wave-mixing (FWM) background or an applied external field, in our recently developed scheme of coherent Anti-Stokes Raman scattering, a hybrid CARS. Our technique combines instantaneous coherent excitation of several characteristic molecular vibrations with subsequent probing of these vibrations by an optimally shaped, time-delayed, narrowband

  12. Car Depreciation (rate and slope)

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this activity is for students to use the concept of the rate of depreciation in a real world situation to investigate the relationship between rate and slope. Students create ordered pairs, graph depreciating car values, and calculate rates of depreciation, then identify that the rate of depreciation = slope of the line. Using the equation they then solve for future values and times.

  13. Conservation of water for washing beef heads at harvest

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The objective of this research was to develop methods to conserve water necessary to cleanse beef heads prior to USDA–FSIS inspection. This was to be accomplished by establishing a baseline for the minimum amount of water necessary to adequately wash a head and application of image analysis to provi...

  14. DEMONSTRATION BULLETIN: SOIL/SEDIMENT WASHING SYSTEM BERGMANN USA

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Bergmann USA Soil/Sediment Washing System is a waste minimization technique designed to separate or "partition" soils and sediments by grain size and density. In this water-based volume reduction process, hazardous contaminants are concentrated into a small residual portion...

  15. BERGMAN USA SOIL SEDIMENT WASHING TECHNOLOGY - APPLICATIONS ANALYSIS REPORT

    EPA Science Inventory

    This document provides an evaluation of the performance of the Bergmann USA Soil/Sediment Washing System and its applicability for the treatment of soils or sediments contaminated with organic and/or inorganic compounds. oth the technical and economic aspects of the technology we...

  16. Study of Salt Wash Water Toxicity on Wastewater Treatment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mostafa F. Hashad; Surabhi Sharma; Loring F. Nies; James E. Alleman

    2006-01-01

    This research effort focused on evaluating the toxicity of the saline waste water generated from washing of Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) deicing trucks and to study the feasibility of discharging it into wastewater treatment plants. Performance of activated sludge treating wastewater under varying levels of salt concentration was studied by measuring the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), activated sludge oxygen

  17. An integrated sensor system for monitoring washing processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerardus Rudolph Langereis

    1999-01-01

    This thesis deals with the development, realisation and testing of an array of sensors for determining the state of a washing process. To combine the sensors in a single array, some techniques are used. First, the sensors which are integrated are chosen with respect to their fabrication materials and technique. By matching these, the sensors could be combined into a

  18. IDENTIFICATION OF ENTEROBACTERICEAE FROM WASHED AND UNWASHED COMMERCIAL SHELL EGGS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Recently, little attention has been given to the microbiology of commercial processed eggs. Therefore, to evaluate the effect of processing on the safety and quality of retail shell eggs, a storage study was conducted with unwashed and commercially washed eggs. For each of three repetitions, shell...

  19. 1. GENERAL VIEW FROM BONY PILE LOOKING SOUTH. WASH HOUSE ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. GENERAL VIEW FROM BONY PILE LOOKING SOUTH. WASH HOUSE IN LEFT BACKGROUND. TIPPLE AND CLEANING PLANT TO RIGHT. IN CENTER IS A TANK USED FOR TREATING MINE REFUSE AND ACID RUNOFF. - Eureka No. 40, Tipple & Cleaning Plant, East of State Route 56, north of Little Paint Creek, Scalp Level, Cambria County, PA

  20. Radioactive demonstration of the ``late wash`` Precipitate Hydrolysis Process

    SciTech Connect

    Bibler, N.E.; Ferrara, D.M.; Ha, B.C.

    1992-06-30

    This report presents results of the radioactive demonstration of the DWPF Precipitate Hydrolysis Process as it would occur in the ``late wash`` flowsheet in the absence of hydroxylamine nitrate. Radioactive precipitate containing Cs-137 from the April, 1983, in-tank precipitation demonstration in Tank 48 was used for these tests.

  1. Radioactive demonstration of the late wash'' Precipitate Hydrolysis Process

    SciTech Connect

    Bibler, N.E.; Ferrara, D.M.; Ha, B.C.

    1992-06-30

    This report presents results of the radioactive demonstration of the DWPF Precipitate Hydrolysis Process as it would occur in the late wash'' flowsheet in the absence of hydroxylamine nitrate. Radioactive precipitate containing Cs-137 from the April, 1983, in-tank precipitation demonstration in Tank 48 was used for these tests.

  2. 18. Photocopy of circa 1839 ink and wash drawing by ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    18. Photocopy of circa 1839 ink and wash drawing by Richard Upjohn in Avery Library, Columbia University ELEVATION OF ENTRANCE FRONT (above) AND PRELIMINARY OR PARTIAL FIRST FLOOR PLAN WITH TWO SMALL ELEVATION SKETCHES (below) - Kingscote, Bellevue Avenue & Bowery Street, Newport, Newport County, RI

  3. 35. Photocopy of detail of ink and wash rendering by ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    35. Photocopy of detail of ink and wash rendering by N. G. Starkwether in collection of Mr. & Mrs. Richard T. Pratt, Camden ELEVATIONS OF ITALIAN VILLA FOR WILLIAM C. PRATT - CAMDEN PLACE - RIVER FRONT - Camden, Rappahannock River, Port Royal, Caroline County, VA

  4. 36. Photocopy of detail of ink and wash rendering by ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    36. Photocopy of detail of ink and wash rendering by N. G. Starkwether in collection of Mr. & Mrs. Richard T. Pratt, Camden ELEVATIONS OF ITALIAN VILLA FOR WILLIAM C. PRATT - CAMDEN PLACE - DRIVE FRONT - Camden, Rappahannock River, Port Royal, Caroline County, VA

  5. 23. Road view at Jim Camp Wash. Note Rainbow Museum ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    23. Road view at Jim Camp Wash. Note Rainbow Museum at rear. Road is on east-west axis here as original design of Rainbow Museum area. Long Logs Road to left foreground. Park Road to right foreground. Looking W. - Petrified Forest National Park Roads & Bridges, Holbrook, Navajo County, AZ

  6. Accidental entrapment of cats in front-loading washing machines

    PubMed Central

    Stewart, Sarah A.; Gaunt, Matthew C.; Taylor, Susan M.; Snead, Elizabeth C.R.

    2010-01-01

    Two clinical cases of accidental entrapment of cats in front-loading washing machines are described. One cat died the day after presentation as a result of aspiration pneumonia and head trauma, despite supportive care. The second cat survived with supportive treatment, but developed dermatologic complications 10 d later. PMID:21119868

  7. Efficacy of Post-Wash Shell Egg Sanitizers

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Chlorine (Cl) solutions of 100-200 ppm are the standard by which post-wash shell egg sanitizers are measured. Any facility that packages eggs with the USDA grade shields must use a comparable sanitizer. While chlorine solutions are inexpensive, non-corrosive, and safe to handle, they are not very ...

  8. Soil washing: A preliminary assessment of its applicability to Hanford

    SciTech Connect

    Gerber, M A; Freeman, H D; Baker, E G; Riemath, W F

    1991-09-01

    Soil washing is being considered for treating soils at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Hanford Site. As a result of over 50 years of operations to produce plutonium for the US Department of Defense and research for DOE, soils in areas within the Site are contaminated with hazardous wastes and radionuclides. In the soil washing process, contaminated soil is mixed with a liquid and then physically and/or chemically treated to dissolve the contaminants into solution and/or concentrate them in a small fraction of the soil. The purpose of this procedure is to separate the contaminants from the bulk of the soil. The key to successful application is to match the types of contaminants and soil characteristics with physical-chemical methods that perform well under the existing conditions. The applicability of soil washing to Hanford Site contaminated soils must take into account both the characteristics of the oil and the type of contamination. Hanford soils typically contain up to 90% sand, gravel, and cobbles, which generally are favorable characteristics for soil washing. For example, in soil samples from the north pond in the 300 Area, 80% to 90% of the soil particles were larger than 250 {mu}m. The principal contaminants in the soil are radionuclides, heavy metals, and nitrate and sulfate salts. For most of the sites, organic contaminants are either not present or are found in very low concentration. 28 refs., 5 figs., 10 tabs.

  9. WASHING STUDIES FOR PCP AND CREOSOTE-CONTAMINATED SOIL

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Environmental Protection Agency has conducted a series of bench-scale and pilot-scale studies to evaluate the feasibility of washing pentachlorophenol (PCP) and creosote from the soil at an abandoned wood-treatment Superfund site in Pensacola, FL. The high sand content and lo...

  10. WILL SOIL WASHING WORK FOR THE SAND CREEK SUPERFUND SITE?

    EPA Science Inventory

    The 1987 Sand Creek Operable Unit 5 Record of Decision (ROD) identified soil washing as the selected remedy to remediate soils contaminated with high levels of organochlorine pesticides, 2, 4-D herbicides and metals. nitial treatability tests conducted to assess the application o...

  11. SOIL WASHING TREATABILITY FOR PESTICIDE-CONTAMINATED SOIL

    EPA Science Inventory

    The 1987 Record of Decision for Sand Creek Operable Unit 5 identified soil washing as the selected technology to remediate soils contaminated with high levels of organochlorine pesticides, herbicides and metals. nitial treatability tests conducted to assess the application of soi...

  12. WASHING STUDIES FOR PCP AND CREOSOTE-CONTAMINATED SOIL

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Environmental Protection Agency has conducted a series of bench-scale and pilot-scale studies to evaluate the feasibility of washing pentachlorophenol (PCP) and creosote from the soil at an abandoned wood-treatment Superfund site in Pensacola, FL. he high sand content and low...

  13. 62. May 1985. NORTH END OF WASH HOUSE (Negative slightly ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    62. May 1985. NORTH END OF WASH HOUSE (Negative slightly reticulated. Tree behind fence is common fig, Ficus carica.) - Borough House, West Side State Route 261, about .1 mile south side of junction with old Garners Ferry Road, Stateburg, Sumter County, SC

  14. Multivariate statistical analyses of groundwater surrounding Forty mile wash

    SciTech Connect

    Woocay, A.; Walton, J.C. [El Paso Univ. of Texas, Environmental Science and Engineering, TX (United States)

    2007-07-01

    Groundwater chemistry data from 211 sampling locations in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain, Nevada are analyzed using multivariate statistical methods in order to better understand groundwater chemical evolution, ascertain potential flow paths and determine hydrochemical facies. Correspondence analysis of the major ion chemistry is used to define relationships between and among major ions and sampling locations. A k-means cluster analysis is used to determine hydrochemical facies based on correspondence analysis dimensions. The derived dimensions and hydrochemical facies are presented as bi-plots and overlaid on a digital elevation model of the region giving a visual picture of potential interactions and flow paths. A distinct signature of the groundwater chemistry along the extended flow path of Fortymile Wash can be observed along with some potential interaction at possible fault lines near Highway I-95. The signature from Fortymile Wash is believed to represent the relict of water that infiltrated during past pluvial periods when the amount of runoff in the wash was significantly larger than during the current drier period. This hypothesis appears to be supported by hydrogen-2 and oxygen-18 data which indicate that younger groundwater is found in the upper part of the wash near Yucca Mountain and older groundwater is found in the lower region of the wash near Amargosa River. The range of the hydrogen-2 data corresponds to precipitation in a period of relatively cold climate and has a similar spatial signature to the oxygen-18 data. If the hypothesis that current groundwater chemistry primarily reflects past focused infiltration of surface runoff rather than regional groundwater migration is correct, then saturated zone transport from Yucca Mountain may be much slower than is currently anticipated. (authors)

  15. Research and Development Trends of Car Networking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Wei; Li, Zhixiong; Xie, Guotao

    With the rapid development of the world economy, road transport has become increasingly busy. An unexpected incident would cause serious traffic disaster due to traffic accidents. To solve this problem, the intelligent transportation system (ITS), which is important for the health developments of the city transportation, has become a hot topic. The car networking provides a new way for intelligent transportation system. It can ensure intelligent control and monitoring of urban road with high performance. This paper described the concept of car networking and related technology both in oversea and domestic. The importance of car networking to achieve vehicle and details of the car networking related technologies were illustrated firstly. Then, attentions focus on the research nodus of the car networking. Lastly, the development trend of car networking research was discussed.

  16. Car rental account information for State of Georgia employees

    E-print Network

    Black, Robert X.

    Car rental account information for State of Georgia employees Enterprise Rent-A-Car Locations near Enterprise Rent-A-Car has been selected as the provider for in-state rental cars for Georgia Tech official be submitted for rental car reimbursement. Please submit all receipts for reimbursement via the T&E system

  17. Adverse Selection in the Wholesale Used Car Market

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Genesove

    1993-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical investigation of adverse selection in the wholesale used car market. New car dealers (who sell both new and used cars) differ from used car dealers (who sell only used cars) in the propensity to sell trade-ins on the wholesale market. Models of adverse selection suggest that the dealer type that sells a higher proportion of

  18. Winter WeatherWinter WeatherWinter WeatherWinter Weather Tips to prepare your carTips to prepare your carTips to prepare your carTips to prepare your car

    E-print Network

    Queitsch, Christine

    Winter WeatherWinter WeatherWinter WeatherWinter Weather Tips to prepare your carTips to prepare your carTips to prepare your carTips to prepare your car for winterfor winterfor winterfor winter Charge it. Cold weather is tough on batteries. At zero degrees, a car's battery loses about 60 percent

  19. An improved car-following model with two preceding cars' average speed

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yu, Shao-Wei; Shi, Zhong-Ke

    2015-01-01

    To better describe cooperative car-following behaviors under intelligent transportation circumstances and increase roadway traffic mobility, the data of three successive following cars at a signalized intersection of Jinan in China were obtained and employed to explore the linkage between two preceding cars' average speed and car-following behaviors. The results indicate that two preceding cars' average velocity has significant effects on the following car's motion. Then an improved car-following model considering two preceding cars' average velocity was proposed and calibrated based on full velocity difference model and some numerical simulations were carried out to study how two preceding cars' average speed affected the starting process and the traffic flow evolution process with an initial small disturbance, the results indicate that the improved car-following model can qualitatively describe the impacts of two preceding cars' average velocity on traffic flow and that taking two preceding cars' average velocity into account in designing the control strategy for the cooperative adaptive cruise control system can improve the stability of traffic flow, suppress the appearance of traffic jams and increase the capacity of signalized intersections.

  20. Effect of manipulated prestige-car ownership on both sex attractiveness ratings.

    PubMed

    Dunn, Michael J; Searle, Robert

    2010-02-01

    Previous studies have shown that male attractiveness can be enhanced by manipulation of status through, for example, the medium of costume. The present study experimentally manipulated status by seating the same target model (male and female matched for attractiveness) expressing identical facial expressions and posture in either a 'high status' (Silver Bentley Continental GT) or a 'neutral status' (Red Ford Fiesta ST) motor-car. A between-subjects design was used whereby the above photographic images were presented to male and female participants for attractiveness rating. Results showed that the male target model was rated as significantly more attractive on a rating scale of 1-10 when presented to female participants in the high compared to the neutral status context. Males were not influenced by status manipulation, as there was no significant difference between attractiveness ratings for the female seated in the high compared to the neutral condition. It would appear that despite a noticeable increase in female ownership of prestige/luxury cars over recent years males, unlike females remain oblivious to such cues in matters pertaining to opposite-sex attraction. These findings support the results of previous status enhancement of attractiveness studies especially those espousing sex differences in mate preferences are due to sex-specific adaptations. PMID:19302732

  1. 40 CFR 447.10 - Applicability; description of the oil-base solvent wash ink subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...description of the oil-base solvent wash ink subcategory. 447.10 Section 447...EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS (CONTINUED) INK FORMULATING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Oil-Base Solvent Wash Ink Subcategory § 447.10...

  2. 40 CFR 447.10 - Applicability; description of the oil-base solvent wash ink subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...description of the oil-base solvent wash ink subcategory. 447.10 Section 447...EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS (CONTINUED) INK FORMULATING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Oil-Base Solvent Wash Ink Subcategory § 447.10...

  3. 40 CFR 447.10 - Applicability; description of the oil-base solvent wash ink subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...description of the oil-base solvent wash ink subcategory. 447.10 Section 447...EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS (CONTINUED) INK FORMULATING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Oil-Base Solvent Wash Ink Subcategory § 447.10...

  4. INFLUENCE OF CHICKEN TRANSPORTATION CAGE WASHING SYSTEM ON WASTEWATER CHARACTERISTICS AND BACTERIA RECOVERY FROM CAGE FLOORING

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Surface swabs of fiberglass flooring in chicken transport cages (5 high, 3 door) were collected before and after washing and again after sanitizer application to evaluate the microbiological effectiveness of a commercial cage washing system....

  5. 40 CFR 446.10 - Applicability; description of the oil-base solvent wash paint subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...description of the oil-base solvent wash paint subcategory. 446.10 Section 446... EFFLUENT GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS PAINT FORMULATING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Oil-Base Solvent Wash Paint Subcategory § 446.10...

  6. Apparatus for washing particulate material. [Removal of silicone oil from microspheres by trichloroethylene

    DOEpatents

    Rivera, A.L.; Fowler, V.L.; Justice, G.V.

    1983-12-29

    Transport of nuclear fuel microspheres through a wash liquid is facilitated by feeding a slurry containing the microspheres into the wash liquid via a column having a vibrating tubular screen located under its lower end.

  7. [Improving textile sun protection by regular washing of clothing].

    PubMed

    Kaskel, P; Rohwer, H; Osterwalder, U; Peter, R U

    2001-07-19

    The highest priority in the prevention of malignant tumors of the skin is given to the avoidance of sun-induced reddening of the skin and sunburn at any age. The usual recommendation is to keep out of the sun between 11 am and 3 pm, wear a sun-hat and appropriate clothing, and use a sun screen (UV-A and UV-B) that doesn't wash off on exposed skin and when in the water. With regard to the wearing of clothing protecting against UV radiation, compliance must be expected to be low, since just such protective clothing (in particularthick, densely-woven materials) is unsuitable for the summer. Using detergents containing a UV absorber in the home wash, even light summer wear can be made to offer good UV protection. PMID:15704362

  8. Particle size separation via soil washing to obtain volume reduction.

    PubMed

    Anderson, R; Rasor, E; Van Ryn, F

    1999-04-23

    A pilot-plant study was performed using a soil washing pilot plant originally designed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to demonstrate scale-up and potential full-scale remediation. This pilot plant named VORCE (Volume Reduction/Chemical Extraction) was modified to meet the specific requirements for treatment of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) and a Department of Energy site soils. After a series of tests on clean soils to develop operating parameters and system performance, the machine was used to treat soils, one contaminated with Thorium-232 and the other with Cesium-137. All indicate that soil washing is very promising for volume reduction treatment. In addition, cost data was generated and is given herein. PMID:10379032

  9. Effectiveness of a nonrinse, alcohol-free antiseptic hand wash.

    PubMed

    Moadab, A; Rupley, K F; Wadhams, P

    2001-06-01

    This study evaluated the efficacy of a novel surfactant, allantoin, and benzalkonium chloride hand sanitizer using the US Food and Drug Administration's method for testing antiseptic hand washes that podiatric physicians and other health-care personnel use. The alcohol-free product, HandClens, was compared with an alcohol-based product, Purell. Independent researchers from the California College of Podiatric Medicine conducted the study using 40 volunteer students from the class of 2001. The results show that HandClens outperformed Purell and met the regulatory requirements for a hand sanitizer. Purell failed as an antimicrobial hand wash and was less effective than a control soap used in the study. PMID:11420346

  10. Washing away your sins: threatened morality and physical cleansing.

    PubMed

    Zhong, Chen-Bo; Liljenquist, Katie

    2006-09-01

    Physical cleansing has been a focal element in religious ceremonies for thousands of years. The prevalence of this practice suggests a psychological association between bodily purity and moral purity. In three studies, we explored what we call the "Macbeth effect"-that is, a threat to one's moral purity induces the need to cleanse oneself. This effect revealed itself through an increased mental accessibility of cleansing-related concepts, a greater desire for cleansing products, and a greater likelihood of taking antiseptic wipes. Furthermore, we showed that physical cleansing alleviates the upsetting consequences of unethical behavior and reduces threats to one's moral self-image. Daily hygiene routines such as washing hands, as simple and benign as they might seem, can deliver a powerful antidote to threatened morality, enabling people to truly wash away their sins. PMID:16960010

  11. COMPILATION OF LABORATORY SCALE ALUMINUM WASH AND LEACH REPORT RESULTS

    SciTech Connect

    HARRINGTON SJ

    2011-01-06

    This report compiles and analyzes all known wash and caustic leach laboratory studies. As further data is produced, this report will be updated. Included are aluminum mineralogical analysis results as well as a summation of the wash and leach procedures and results. Of the 177 underground storage tanks at Hanford, information was only available for five individual double-shell tanks, forty-one individual single-shell tanks (e.g. thirty-nine 100 series and two 200 series tanks), and twelve grouped tank wastes. Seven of the individual single-shell tank studies provided data for the percent of aluminum removal as a function of time for various caustic concentrations and leaching temperatures. It was determined that in most cases increased leaching temperature, caustic concentration, and leaching time leads to increased dissolution of leachable aluminum solids.

  12. Heterodyne effect in Hybrid CARS

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wang, Xi; Zhang, Aihua; Zhi, Miaochan; Sokolov, Alexei; Welch, George; Scully, Marlan

    2009-10-01

    We study the interaction between the resonant Raman signal and non-Raman field, either the concomitant nonresonant four-wave-mixing (FWM) background or an applied external field, in our recently developed scheme of coherent Anti-Stokes Raman scattering, a hybrid CARS. Our technique combines instantaneous coherent excitation of several characteristic molecular vibrations with subsequent probing of these vibrations by an optimally shaped, time-delayed, narrowband laser pulse. This pulse configuration mitigates the non-resonant FWM background while maximizing the Raman-resonant signal, and allows rapid and highly specific detection even in the presence of multiple scattering. We apply this method to non-invasive monitoring of blood glucose levels. Under certain conditions we find that the measured signal is linearly proportional to the glucose concentration due to optical interference with the residual background light, which allows reliable detection of spectral signatures down to medically-relevant glucose levels. We also study the interference between the CARS field and an external field (the local oscillator) by controlling their relative phase and amplitude. This control allows direct observation of the real and imaginary components of the third-order nonlinear susceptibility (?^(3)) of the sample. We demonstrate that the heterodyne method can be used to amplify the signal and thus increase detection sensitivity.

  13. Real time dangerous driving status detection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yong-Ren Huang

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a method which detects the situation of car dangerous driving by video information. We estimate the parameters of global motion from the real-time video of vehicle driving, and analyze the variation of parameters for detection the dangerous status of driving. Firstly, we utilize global motion estimation to obtain the parameters of perspective model from the real-time driving

  14. Particle size separation via soil washing to obtain volume reduction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ron Anderson; Elizabeth Rasor; Frank Van Ryn

    1999-01-01

    A pilot-plant study was performed using a soil washing pilot plant originally designed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to demonstrate scale-up and potential full-scale remediation. This pilot plant named VORCE (Volume Reduction\\/Chemical Extraction) was modified to meet the specific requirements for treatment of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) and a Department of Energy site soils. After

  15. Advanced Dimensional Control on Washing Machine Sealing through Profilometry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paolo Pietroni; Barbara Torcianti; A. Bruni; Cristalli Cristalli

    \\u000a In this paper, the development of a 3D profilometry system and its use in a real application on washing machine production\\u000a line are treated. The goal is to conjugate advanced image processing technologies with low cost requirements, which are needed\\u000a for the household appliances industries, since they have to face the competitive market issues. The task of the implemented\\u000a system

  16. Fine Coal Cleaning by Spiral and Water Washing Cyclone

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. T. HORNSBY; S. J. WATSON; C. J. CLARKSON

    1993-01-01

    The performance of three different types of spirals and a 200 mm diameter water washing cyclone have been assessed in open-circuit on-site testwork at the Norwich Park preparation plant on nominally 500 µ x 75 µm sized coal. The study is part of a program investigating alternative methods to heavy media cyclones and froth flotation for removing ash from fine coal from Central

  17. Water-recycle washing of refined soybean oil: Plant scale evaluation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. E. Beal; L. T. Black; E. L. Griffin; J. C. Meng; G. S. Farmer

    1973-01-01

    A series of 24 hr tests was made in a commercial refinery under eight different operating conditions to select optimum conditions\\u000a for a subsequent longer test of the antipollution recycle-washing process wherein wash water is recycled instead of being\\u000a discarded. Alkali-refined oil was continuously washed at a rate of 15,000 lb\\/hr to remove sodium. Recycled wash water was\\u000a then treated

  18. Some problems involved in the water wash of neutralized vegetable oils

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ben Braae; Ulla Brimberg; Marianne Nyman

    1957-01-01

    Summary  An investigation of the removal of soap from neutralized vegetable oils by washing with water has shown that some oils are\\u000a obtained practically soap-free after only one water wash whereas the soap in other oils cannot be removed even by repeated\\u000a washing. Coconut, palm, and olive oils are easily washed whereas linseed and rapeseed oils are not. Peanut, sunflowerseed,\\u000a soybean,

  19. Immobilization of MSWI fly ash through geopolymerization: Effects of water-wash

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lei Zheng; Chengwen Wang; Wei Wang; Yunchun Shi; Xingbao Gao

    2011-01-01

    The present research explored the role played by water-wash on geopolymerization for the immobilization and solidification of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash. The water-wash pretreatment substantially promoted the early strength of geopolymer and resulted in a higher ultimate strength compared to the counterpart without water-wash.XRD pattern of water-washed fly ash (WFA) revealed that NaCl and KCl were nearly

  20. Arriving by Car When visiting the University, please be aware that car parking on campus is limited and is un-

    E-print Network

    Jensen, Max

    Arriving by Car When visiting the University, please be aware that car parking on campus is limited to travel by car, please see the details below for available car parking. 1. Victoria Park Pay and Display in advance. 5. Almond Road (Euro Car Parks ­ next to Morrisons) Distance from the University: 1.13 miles

  1. Waste washing pre-treatment of municipal and special waste.

    PubMed

    Cossu, Raffaello; Lai, Tiziana; Pivnenko, Kostyantyn

    2012-03-15

    Long-term pollution potential in landfills is mainly related to the quality of leachate. Waste can be conveniently treated prior to landfilling with an aim to minimizing future emissions. Washing of waste represents a feasible pre-treatment method focused on controlling the leachable fraction of residues and relevant impact. In this study, non-recyclable plastics originating from source segregation, mechanical-biological treated municipal solid waste (MSW), bottom ash from MSW incineration and automotive shredder residues (ASR) were treated and the removal efficiency of washing pre-treatment prior to landfilling was evaluated. Column tests were performed to simulate the behaviour of waste in landfill under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The findings obtained revealed how waste washing treatment (WWT) allowed the leachability of contaminants from waste to be reduced. Removal rates exceeding 65% were obtained for dissolved organic carbon (DOC), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and Total Kjeldahl Nitrogen (TKN). A percentage decrease of approximately 60% was reached for the leachable fraction of chlorides, sulphates, fluoride and metals, as proved by a reduction in electric conductivity values (70%). PMID:21968117

  2. Recovery of MSWI and soil washing residues as concrete aggregates.

    PubMed

    Sorlini, Sabrina; Abbà, Alessandro; Collivignarelli, Carlo

    2011-02-01

    The aim of the present work was to study if municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) residues and aggregates derived from contaminated soil washing could be used as alternative aggregates for concrete production. Initially, chemical, physical and geometric characteristics (according to UNI EN 12620) of municipal solid waste incineration bottom ashes and some contaminated soils were evaluated; moreover, the pollutants release was evaluated by means of leaching tests. The results showed that the reuse of pre-treated MSWI bottom ash and washed soil is possible, either from technical or environmental point of view, while it is not possible for the raw wastes. Then, the natural aggregate was partially and totally replaced with these recycled aggregates for the production of concrete mixtures that were characterized by conventional mechanical and leaching tests. Good results were obtained using the same dosage of a high resistance cement (42.5R calcareous Portland cement instead of 32.5R); the concrete mixture containing 400 kg/m(3) of washed bottom ash and high resistance cement was classified as structural concrete (C25/30 class). Regarding the pollutants leaching, all concrete mixtures respected the limit values according to the Italian regulation. PMID:20537523

  3. Transtracheal wash from a puppy with respiratory disease.

    PubMed

    Williams, Matthew; Olver, Christine; Thrall, Mary Anna

    2006-12-01

    A 4-month-old, intact male Boxer puppy was presented to the Animal Emergency and Critical Care Services of South Florida because of nasal discharge, dehydration, dyspnea, and coughing. The dog had been diagnosed with intestinal parasites and kennel cough approximately 10 days before presentation. Lateral and ventrodorsal radiographs of the thorax revealed an increased bronchointerstitial pattern throughout the lungs. A transtracheal wash was performed. On cytologic examination of direct, Wright-Giemsa-stained smears, small basophilic coccoid structures (0.3-0.9 microm in diameter) were observed in low to moderate numbers within neutrophils and adherent to epithelial cells. The small size of the organisms raised suspicion for Mycoplasma. Culture of the transtracheal wash fluid resulted in growth of a Mycoplasma sp. The patient was treated with enrofloxacin and amoxicillin/clavulanate and made a full recovery. Recognizing Mycoplasma in transtracheal washes could aid in recommending the appropriate culture media or immunologic techniques, which could result in an accurate diagnosis of mycoplasmosis. PMID:17123258

  4. Forearm wash test to evaluate the clinical mildness of cleansing products

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MICHAEL F. LUKACOVIC; FRANK E. DUNLAP; SCOTT E. MICHAELS; MARTHA O. VISSCHER

    A forearm wash test was developed to differentiate the mildness of personal cleansing products, e.g., bar soaps. The wash protocol was derived from habit information and by observation of actual wash situations. The method was found to be sensitive enough to discriminate differences in bar composition such as tallow\\/coconut ratio, presence of super fitting, and type of synthetic surfactant. There

  5. 46 CFR 108.205 - Wash spaces; toilet spaces; and shower spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...false Wash spaces; toilet spaces; and shower spaces. 108.205 Section 108.205...205 Wash spaces; toilet spaces; and shower spaces. (a) For the purposes of this...facility” means a toilet, washing, or shower space that is accessible only from...

  6. 46 CFR 108.205 - Wash spaces; toilet spaces; and shower spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...false Wash spaces; toilet spaces; and shower spaces. 108.205 Section 108.205...205 Wash spaces; toilet spaces; and shower spaces. (a) For the purposes of this...facility” means a toilet, washing, or shower space that is accessible only from...

  7. 46 CFR 108.205 - Wash spaces; toilet spaces; and shower spaces.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...false Wash spaces; toilet spaces; and shower spaces. 108.205 Section 108.205...205 Wash spaces; toilet spaces; and shower spaces. (a) For the purposes of this...facility” means a toilet, washing, or shower space that is accessible only from...

  8. Optimization of narirutin extraction during washing step of the pectin production from citrus peels

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. C. Kim; D. Y. Lee; C. H. Lee; C. W. Kim

    2004-01-01

    Citrus peels can be a valuable source of pectin and narirutin. Narirutin can be extracted during the washing step of citrus peels in the pectin production process. In this study narirutin extraction conditions were optimized to maximize the narirutin extraction yield while minimized pectin loss. Washing temperature, time, and HCl concentration of the washing solution were chosen as independent variables

  9. Remediating TNT-contaminated soil by soil washing and Fenton oxidation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z. M. Li; M. M. Peterson; S. D. Comfort; G. L. Horst; P. J. Shea; B. T. Oh

    1997-01-01

    Past disposal practices at munitions production facilities have generated numerous hectares of TNT-contaminated soil. We previously showed that Fenton oxidation could destroy TNT in soil and water. Our objective was to determine the potential of combining Fenton oxidation with soil washing to remediate TNT-contaminated soil and to test whether plants could be established on washed soil. Aqueous soil washing effectively

  10. 16 CFR 1631.61 - Hide carpets and rugs-alternative washing procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Hide carpets and rugs-alternative washing procedure...FOR THE SURFACE FLAMMABILITY OF SMALL CARPETS AND RUGS (FF 2-70) Washing Procedures § 1631.61 Hide carpets and rugs—alternative washing...

  11. 16 CFR 1630.61 - Hide carpets and rugs-alternative washing procedure.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Hide carpets and rugs-alternative washing procedure...STANDARD FOR THE SURFACE FLAMMABILITY OF CARPETS AND RUGS (FF 1-70) Washing Procedures § 1630.61 Hide carpets and rugs—alternative washing...

  12. 49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 Section 173.319 Transportation...Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General requirements. (1) A tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid...

  13. 49 CFR 1033.2 - Car service orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Transportation 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Car service orders. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.2 Car service orders. Emergency and temporary...

  14. 49 CFR 1033.2 - Car service orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Car service orders. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.2 Car service orders. Emergency and temporary...

  15. 49 CFR 215.119 - Defective freight car truck.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Defective freight car truck. 215.119 Section 215.119 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Suspension System § 215.119...

  16. 49 CFR 215.303 - Stenciling of restricted cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Stenciling of restricted cars. 215.303 Section 215.303 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Stenciling § 215.303 Stenciling of restricted cars. (a) Each restricted railroad...

  17. 49 CFR 215.119 - Defective freight car truck.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Defective freight car truck. 215.119 Section 215.119 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Suspension System § 215.119...

  18. 6. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT INSIDE CAMERA ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    6. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT INSIDE CAMERA CAR WITH CAMERA MOUNT IN FOREGROUND. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

  19. 49 CFR 215.303 - Stenciling of restricted cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Stenciling of restricted cars. 215.303 Section 215.303 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Stenciling § 215.303 Stenciling of restricted cars. (a) Each restricted railroad...

  20. 7. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF 'FLARE' OR TRAJECTORY CAMERA ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF 'FLARE' OR TRAJECTORY CAMERA INSIDE CAMERA CAR. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

  1. 1. GENERAL VIEW OF TIPPLE LOOKING NORTHWEST, SHOWING LARRY CARS ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    1. GENERAL VIEW OF TIPPLE LOOKING NORTHWEST, SHOWING LARRY CARS BELOW HOPPER BIN. GRAY FITZSIMONS, HAER HISTORIAN, IS STANDING ON PLATFORM NEXT TO LARRY CARS - Lucernemines Coke Works, Larry Car Tipple, East of Lucerne, Lucerne Mines, Indiana County, PA

  2. 49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 Section 173.319 Transportation...Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General requirements. (1) A tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid...

  3. 49 CFR 215.303 - Stenciling of restricted cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Stenciling of restricted cars. 215.303 Section 215.303 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Stenciling § 215.303 Stenciling of restricted cars. (a) Each restricted railroad...

  4. 49 CFR 1033.2 - Car service orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Transportation 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Car service orders. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.2 Car service orders. Emergency and temporary...

  5. 49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 Section 173.319 Transportation...Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General requirements. (1) A tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid...

  6. 49 CFR 215.119 - Defective freight car truck.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Defective freight car truck. 215.119 Section 215.119 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Suspension System § 215.119...

  7. 75 FR 53736 - Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-01

    ...Sub-No. 4)] Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting AGENCY: Surface Transportation...DOT. ACTION: Notice of National Grain Car Council meeting...given of a meeting of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC), pursuant to section...

  8. Road Map Team Proposal Form Proposal: CAR29

    E-print Network

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    Road Map Team Proposal Form Proposal: CAR29 1: Road Map Team Name: Creative Activities and Research (CAR), and Rankings and Reputation (R&R) 1b: Team Theme Name: Becoming an International leader in Stem Research (CAR

  9. 49 CFR 215.119 - Defective freight car truck.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Defective freight car truck. 215.119 Section 215.119 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Suspension System § 215.119...

  10. 49 CFR 215.303 - Stenciling of restricted cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Stenciling of restricted cars. 215.303 Section 215.303 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Stenciling § 215.303 Stenciling of restricted cars. (a) Each restricted railroad...

  11. 49 CFR 215.303 - Stenciling of restricted cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Stenciling of restricted cars. 215.303 Section 215.303 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Stenciling § 215.303 Stenciling of restricted cars. (a) Each restricted railroad...

  12. 49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 Section 173.319 Transportation...Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General requirements. (1) A tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid...

  13. 49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 Section 173.319 Transportation...Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General requirements. (1) A tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid...

  14. 49 CFR 1033.2 - Car service orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Transportation 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Car service orders. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.2 Car service orders. Emergency and temporary...

  15. 49 CFR 1033.2 - Car service orders.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Transportation 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Car service orders. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.2 Car service orders. Emergency and temporary...

  16. 77 FR 50763 - Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-08-22

    ...Sub-No. 5)] Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting AGENCY: Surface Transportation...DOT. ACTION: Notice of National Grain Car Council meeting...given of a meeting of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC), pursuant to section...

  17. 49 CFR 215.119 - Defective freight car truck.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Defective freight car truck. 215.119 Section 215.119 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Suspension System § 215.119...

  18. 78 FR 52606 - Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-08-23

    ...Sub-No. 4)] Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting AGENCY: Surface Transportation...DOT. ACTION: Notice of National Grain Car Council meeting...given of a meeting of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC), pursuant to the...

  19. 76 FR 53717 - Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-29

    ...Sub-No. 4)] Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting AGENCY: Surface Transportation...Board. ACTION: Notice of National Grain Car Council meeting...given of a meeting of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC), pursuant to section...

  20. 49 CFR 231.18 - Cars of special construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cars of special construction. 231.18...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.18 Cars of special construction. Cars of construction not covered...

  1. 30 CFR 57.19079 - Blocking mine cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... false Blocking mine cars. 57.19079 Section...Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-UNDERGROUND...19079 Blocking mine cars. Where mine cars...

  2. 30 CFR 56.19079 - Blocking mine cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... false Blocking mine cars. 56.19079 Section...Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION...METAL AND NONMETAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH SAFETY AND HEALTH STANDARDS-SURFACE...19079 Blocking mine cars. Where mine cars...

  3. 49 CFR 231.18 - Cars of special construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cars of special construction. 231.18...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.18 Cars of special construction. Cars of construction not covered...

  4. 49 CFR 231.18 - Cars of special construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cars of special construction. 231.18...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.18 Cars of special construction. Cars of construction not covered...

  5. 49 CFR 231.18 - Cars of special construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cars of special construction. 231.18...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.18 Cars of special construction. Cars of construction not covered...

  6. 49 CFR 231.18 - Cars of special construction.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cars of special construction. 231.18...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.18 Cars of special construction. Cars of construction not covered...

  7. The Sharing Economy: Moving People with Shared Cars and Bikes

    E-print Network

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    The Sharing Economy: Moving People with Shared Cars and Bikes Susan Shaheen Fleets of cars and trucks in a network of locations · Allows households-income residents and college students · Provides car use without bearing full ownership

  8. Tracking cars in range image sequences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Esther Bettina Meier; Frank Ade

    1997-01-01

    Cars will eventually be equipped with a control system to either warn the driver when he gets too close to another car, or even to keep him automatically at an adequate distance. In both cases automatic traffic scene analysis will be needed. We want to base this on a new optical range sensor which acquires distance and intensity information. We

  9. Fast car detection using image strip features

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wei Zheng; Luhong Liang

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a fast method for detecting multi-view cars in real-world scenes. Cars are artificial objects with various appearance changes, but they have relatively consistent characteristics in structure that consist of some basic local elements. Inspired by this, we propose a novel set of image strip features to describe the appearances of those elements. The new features represent various

  10. Are natural killer cells superior CAR drivers?

    PubMed Central

    Klingemann, Hans

    2014-01-01

    T lymphocytes engineered to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) are being celebrated as a major breakthrough of anticancer immunotherapy. Natural killer cells have not received similar attention as CAR effectors, although the use of these relatively short-lived cytotoxic cells is associated with several advantages. PMID:25340009

  11. P University car park Public footpath

    E-print Network

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    40 41 15 42 32 23 22 20 21 46 26 25 47 55 52 56 58 59 60 P University car park Public footpath Railway station Bus station University colleges University buildings Car parkP Hill Colleges to Market Honours in Arts and Social Sciences E3 22 Music C3 25 Community and Youth Work Studies E3 15 Natural

  12. car, or a C will be fun

    E-print Network

    Dahl, David B.

    Whatis Suppose y car, or a C risk proba project ec many oth Actuaries for busine working fo would the co y, you mig analyze ex d human b ho provide lems that mpany mig e of car, ho ow much ears from ce compa cies, amo within their ment and n plan des investmen artly due to -athlete, a able you

  13. Car Stopping Distance on a Tabletop

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haugland, Ole Anton

    2013-01-01

    Stopping distances in car braking can be an intriguing topic in physics teaching. It illustrates some basic principles of physics, and sheds valuable light on students' attitude towards aggressive driving. Due to safety considerations, it can be difficult to make experiments with actual car braking. (Contains 2 figures.)

  14. 49 CFR 174.110 - Car magazine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Car magazine. 174.110 Section 174.110 Transportation...Explosive) Materials § 174.110 Car magazine. When specially authorized by...explosive) materials are placed in a “magazine” box made of sound lumber...

  15. 49 CFR 174.110 - Car magazine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Car magazine. 174.110 Section 174.110 Transportation...Explosive) Materials § 174.110 Car magazine. When specially authorized by...explosive) materials are placed in a “magazine” box made of sound lumber...

  16. 49 CFR 174.110 - Car magazine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Car magazine. 174.110 Section 174.110 Transportation...Explosive) Materials § 174.110 Car magazine. When specially authorized by...explosive) materials are placed in a “magazine” box made of sound lumber...

  17. 49 CFR 174.110 - Car magazine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Car magazine. 174.110 Section 174.110 Transportation...Explosive) Materials § 174.110 Car magazine. When specially authorized by...explosive) materials are placed in a “magazine” box made of sound lumber...

  18. 49 CFR 174.110 - Car magazine.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Car magazine. 174.110 Section 174.110 Transportation...Explosive) Materials § 174.110 Car magazine. When specially authorized by...explosive) materials are placed in a “magazine” box made of sound lumber...

  19. Rear-facing car seat (image)

    MedlinePLUS

    A rear-facing car seat position is recommended for a child who is very young. Extreme injury can occur in an accident because ... child. In a frontal crash a rear-facing car seat is best, because it cradles the head, ...

  20. Car-following: a historical review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark Brackstone; Mike McDonald

    1999-01-01

    In recent years, the topic of car-following has become of increased importance in traffic engineering and safety research. Models of this phenomenon, which describe the interaction between (typically) adjacent vehicles in the same lane, now form the cornerstone for many important areas of research including (a) simulation modelling, where the car-following model (amongst others) controls the motion of the vehicles

  1. Car Detection in Low Resolution Aerial Image

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tao Zhao; Ramakant Nevatia

    2001-01-01

    e We present a system to detect passenger cars in aerial im- ages ,whe,re cmrs appear as small objects. We pose this as a 3D object recognition problem to account for the uariation in viezupoint and the shadow. We started from. psychologi- cal tests to find important features for human detection of cars. Based on these observations, we selected the

  2. Car pools: a bibliography with abstracts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1975-01-01

    Twenty-one abstracts are presented of studies on the feasibility, methodology, and benefits of cooperative automobile use, or car pooling, in urban areas. The principal problems considered are traffic congestion, air pollution, and fuel shortages, along with the associated advantages of mobility improvement, environmental protection, and energy conservation. Several proposals are presented, such as exclusive bus and car pool lanes, community

  3. Performance monitoring in UMR's solar car

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. McCarthy; J. Pieper; A. Rues; Cheng Hsiao Wu

    2000-01-01

    We describe the instrumentation in UMR's solar car. Accurate knowledge of the operating parameters inside the solar car is shown to be crucial to maintaining high efficiency and reliability. The power trackers keep the solar array operating at its highest efficiency by conditioning the input and maintaining the maximum power point of the solar cells

  4. Car Stopping Distance on a Tabletop

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Haugland, Ole Anton

    2013-05-01

    Stopping distances in car braking can be an intriguing topic in physics teaching. It illustrates some basic principles of physics, and sheds valuable light on students' attitude towards aggressive driving. Due to safety considerations, it can be difficult to make experiments with actual car braking.

  5. Accessibility Application Blue Badge Car Park UK

    E-print Network

    Painter, Kevin

    i Accessibility Application Blue Badge Car Park UK Konstantinos Grassos H00113751 August 2012. In this project, Blue Badge Car Park (BBCP) is presented which is actually a mobile-based park finder application. It specifically focuses on finding parking spaces for wheelchair users, which are indicated by the blue badge

  6. Leica solution: CARS microscopy at video rates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Lurquin

    2008-01-01

    Confocal and multiphoton microscopy are powerful techniques to study morphology and dynamics in cells and tissue, if fluorescent labeling is possible or autofluorescence is strong. For non-fluorescent molecules, Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy provides chemical contrast based on intrinsic and highly specific vibrational properties of molecules eliminating the need for labeling. Just as other multiphoton techniques, CARS microscopy possesses

  7. A CARS solution with high temporal resolution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefanie Landwehr; Vanessa Lurquin; William C. Hay; Vishnu Krishnamachari; Ulf Schwarz

    2011-01-01

    Confocal and multiphoton microscopy are powerful fluorescence techniques for morphological and dynamics studies of labeled elements. For non-fluorescent components, CARS (Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering) microscopy can be used for imaging various elements of cells such as lipids, proteins, DNA, etc. This technique is based on the intrinsic vibrational properties of the molecules. Leica Microsystems has combined CARS technology with its

  8. Testing device for electrical car networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. ?wider; G. Wszo?ek; A. Baier; G. Ciupka; O. Winter

    2005-01-01

    One of the production steps in DSE Draexlmaier Company (http:\\/\\/www.draexlmaier.de\\/), which is – besides other activities – a global player in producing electrical car networks is to make a final test of their products after manufacture process. The problem was connected with designing a mechatronic fixing and checking device for plugs of electrical car networks. The available testing device, on

  9. New Electric Drive for Car Shredder

    Microsoft Academic Search

    F. Runcos; R. Carlson; H. Voltolini; N. Sadowski; P. Kuo-Peng

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyses performance aspects of a brushless double fed cage induction motor as a new driving alternative to the classical wound rotor induction motor used in a car shredder drive. It focuses in a real application of 3150 kW - 4160 V - 60 Hz - 514 rpm wound rotor induction motor. Firstly it analyses the car shredder duty

  10. [On compulsive hand-washing--psychopathology of "touching"].

    PubMed

    Matsumoto, M

    1993-01-01

    Compulsive hand-washing has been well known to the psychiatrists, since Legrand du Saulle described this disorder by the name of "délire du toucher" (1866), which refers to mysophobia or contact-phobia. But its clinical significance seems to have been not fully examined, except from the psychoanalytical point of view, that has observed the repression of sexuality in its pathology. This report presents four cases of compulsive hand-washing, and explores why they exclusively wash their hands. In order to elucidate the reason for their hand-washing and its significance, this report aims to study the relation of following three elements; "Sexuality", "hand" and "touching". As the idioms using "hand" often represent the various modes of sexual life in Japanese language as well as in English, so the "touching by hand" is reasonably considered to evoke the sexual impulsions, which the hand-washers fear and wish to avoid. On the other hand, "touching" is, necessarily in nature, to be touched by the touched object. For example, one who touches the lover's hand is inevitably to be touched by hers. That is; one is forced to be an object of one's object, which becomes to be a subject. In this sense, the act of "touching" means to lose one's "being subject" and to melt oneself into the situation where the structural distinction of subject and object can disappear. So one's act of "touching" or vivid contact with the other can cause anxiety by means of losing one's ego, which may be also a critical point to introduce to create something new. A compulsive hand-washer fears and avoids this critical moment that can make him lose his "being subject", so he "washes his hands of (cuts off relation with)" the situation that can undermine his ego. This avoidance of having contact can be compared to "the lose of vivid contact with the reality (la perte du contact avec la réalité (Minkowski)" observed in schizophrenia. In their ways of life, many hand-washers are not less autistic than the schizophrenics.om PMID:8356169

  11. Characterization, Washing, Leaching, and Filtration of C-104 Sludge

    SciTech Connect

    KP Brooks; PR Bredt; GR Golcar; SA Hartley; LK Jagoda; KG Rappe; MW Urie

    2000-06-09

    Approximately 1,400 g of wet Hanford Tank C-104 Sludge was evaluated by Battelle for the high-level waste (HLW) pretreatment processes of ultrafiltration, dilute caustic washing, and elevated-temperature caustic leaching. The filterability of diluted C-104 sludge was measured with a 0.1-{micro}m sintered metal Mott filter using a 24-inch-long, single-element, crossflow filtration system (cells unit filter [CUF]). While the filtrate was being recirculated prior to washing and leaching, a 6.9 wt% solids slurry was evaluated with a matrix of seven 1-hour conditions of varying trans-membrane pressure (30 to 70 psid) and axial velocity (9 to 15 ft/s). The filtrate flux and backpulse efficiency were determined for each condition. The slurry was concentrated to 23 wt% solids, a second matrix of six 1-hour conditions was performed, and data analogous to that recorded in the first matrix were obtained. The low-solids-concentration matrix produced filtrate flux rates that ranged from 0.038 to 0.083 gpm/ft{sup 2}. The high-solids-concentration matrix produced filtrate flux rates that ranged from 0.0095 to 0.0172 gpm/ft{sup 2}. In both cases, the optimum filtrate flux was at the highest axial velocity (15 ft/s) and transmembrane pressure had little effect. Nearly all of the measured filtrate fluxes were more than an order of magnitude greater than the required plant flux for C-104 of 0.00126 gpm/ft{sup 2}. In both matrices, the filtrate flux appeared to be proportional to axial velocity, and the permeability appeared to be inversely proportional to the trans-membrane pressure. The first test condition was repeated as the last test condition for each matrix. In both cases, there was a significant decrease in filtrate flux, indicating some filter fouling during the test matrix that could not be removed by backpulsing alone, although the backpulse number and duration were not optimized. Following testing of these two matrices, the material was washed within the CUF by continuously adding approximately 5 L of 0.01-M NaOH and then removing it through the filter as permeate. The purpose of this washing step with 0.01-MNaOH was to remove water-soluble components that might inhibit dissolution of salts during caustic leaching, while avoiding peptization of the solids that occurs at a pH below 12. After washing the sludge with dilute caustic, it was combined with 3-M caustic, and the slurry was leached in a stainless steel vessel at 85 C for 8 hours. This leaching was followed by two 0.01-M caustic washes, each conducted in a stainless steel vessel to dilute remaining analytes from the interstitial liquids. Each rinse was performed at 85 C for 8 hours. Permeate from each of these process steps was removed using the crossflow filter system. Samples of the permeate from each slurry-washing activity and all intermediate process steps were taken and analyzed for chemical and radiochemical constituents. The fraction of each component removed was calculated. Key results are presented in Table S.1.

  12. The passenger car and the greenhouse effect

    SciTech Connect

    Amann, C.A.

    1990-01-01

    This paper reports that concern is mounting over the possibility of global warming from the greenhouse effect. Carbon dioxide from the combustion of fossil fuel is a major greenhouse gas, and automobile exhaust is one of the contributors. The only way to decrease carbon dioxide emissions from a car consuming carbonaceous fuel is to decrease its fuel consumption. The best alternative fossil fuels offer a carbon dioxide reduction of about 20%. Without introducing any new greenhouse-gas controls, it is projected that the total greenhouse-gas contribution of the average car will be halved from recent levels just through fleet turnover and already planned elimination of the current air-conditioning refrigerant. If global warming develops into a serious problem, cars can be operated without fossil fuel. Leading options include battery-electric cars using nuclear power and engine-propelled cars burning biomass-derived alcohol or hydrogen extracted from water with solar cells or nuclear power.

  13. Evaluation of damaged tank car structural integrity

    SciTech Connect

    Reuter, W.G.; Mudlin, J.D.; Harris, B.L.; Haggag, F.M.; Epstein, J.S.; Server, W.L.

    1987-06-01

    To assess the safety of moving a damaged tank car, it is necessary to know the sizes and shapes of cracks, the stresses associated with moving the tank car, and the fracture toughness of the material used to fabricate the tank car. This report provides the results and recommendations for the research related to the examination of nondestructive evaluation techniques and measurements of the mechanical properties of deformed steel plate; Evaluation of computer codes to identify those capable of performing a large displacement inelastic analysis; Two 1/5-scale-model tank cars, representing damaged tank cars that were hydroburst to failure; and Preliminary tests conducted using more interferometry for determining residual stresses of rail components. 24 refs., 37 figs., 4 tabs.

  14. Dual-tip-enhanced ultrafast CARS nanoscopy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ballmann, Charles W.; Cao, Bin; Sinyukov, Alexander M.; Sokolov, Alexei V.; Voronine, Dmitri V.

    2014-08-01

    Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) and, in particular, femtosecond adaptive spectroscopic techniques (FAST CARS) have been successfully used for molecular spectroscopy and microscopic imaging. Recent progress in ultrafast nano-optics provides flexibility in generation and control of optical near fields, and holds promise to extend CARS techniques to the nanoscale. In this theoretical study, we demonstrate ultrafast subwavelentgh control of coherent Raman spectra of molecules in the vicinity of a plasmonic nanostructure excited by ultrashort laser pulses. The simulated nanostructure design provides localized excitation sources for CARS by focusing incident laser pulses into subwavelength hot spots via two self-similar nanolens antennas connected by a waveguide. Hot-spot-selective dual-tip-enhanced CARS (2TECARS) nanospectra of DNA nucleobases are obtained by simulating optimized pump, Stokes and probe near fields using tips, laser polarization- and pulse-shaping. This technique may be used to explore ultrafast energy and electron transfer dynamics in real space with nanometre resolution.

  15. H? spectropolarimetry of GG Car

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pereyra, Antonio; de Araújo, Francisco X.; Magalhães, Antonio M.; Fernandes, Marcelo Borges; de Souza, Armando Domiciano

    2011-07-01

    We present spectropolarimetric observations of the B[e] supergiant star GG Car at two epochs. Polarization line effects along H? are analysed using the Q-U diagram. In particular, the polarization position angle (PA) obtained using the line effect allows to constrain the symmetry axis of the disk/envelope. The depolarization line effect around H? is evident in the Q-U diagram for both epochs, confirming that light from the system is intrinsically polarized. A rotation of the PA along H? is also observed, indicating a counter-clockwise rotating disk. The intrinsic PA calculated using the line effect (~85°) is consistent between our two epochs, suggesting a clearly defined symmetry axis of the disk.

  16. Physicochemical Quality and Chemical Safety of Chlorine as a Reconditioning Agent and Wash Water Disinfectant for Fresh-Cut Lettuce Washing

    PubMed Central

    Van Haute, Sam; Holvoet, Kevin; Uyttendaele, Mieke

    2013-01-01

    Chlorine was assessed as a reconditioning agent and wash water disinfectant in the fresh-cut produce industry. Artificial fresh-cut lettuce wash water, made from butterhead lettuce, was used for the experiments. In the reconditioning experiments, chlorine was added to artificial wash water inoculated with Escherichia coli O157 (6 log CFU/ml). Regression models were constructed based on the inactivation data and validated in actual wash water from leafy vegetable processing companies. The model that incorporated chlorine dose and chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the wash water accurately predicted inactivation. Listeria monocytogenes was more resistant to chlorine reconditioning in artificial wash water than Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli O157. During the washing process with inoculated lettuce (4 log CFU/g), in the absence of chlorine, there was a rapid microbial buildup in the water that accumulated to 5.4 ± 0.4 log CFU/100 ml after 1 h. When maintaining a residual concentration of 1 mg/liter free chlorine, wash water contamination was maintained below 2.7, 2.5, and 2.5 log CFU/100 ml for tap water and artificial process water with COD values of 500 and 1,000 mg O2/liter, respectively. A model was developed to predict water contamination during the dynamic washing process. Only minor amounts of total trihalomethanes were formed in the water during reconditioning. Total trihalomethanes accumulated to larger amounts in the water during the wash water disinfection experiments and reached 124.5 ± 13.4 ?g/liter after 1 h of execution of the washing process in water with a COD of 1,000 mg O2/liter. However, no total trihalomethanes were found on the fresh-cut lettuce after rinsing. PMID:23396332

  17. Washing the guilt away: effects of personal versus vicarious cleansing on guilty feelings and prosocial behavior

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Hanyi; Bègue, Laurent; Bushman, Brad J.

    2014-01-01

    For centuries people have washed away their guilt by washing their hands. Do people need to wash their own hands, or is it enough to watch other people wash their hands? To induce guilt, we had participants write about a past wrong they had committed. Next, they washed their hands, watched a washing-hands video, or watched a typing-hands video. After the study was over, participants could help a Ph.D. student complete her dissertation by taking some questionnaires home and returning them within 3 weeks. Results showed that guilt and helping behavior were lowest among participants who washed their hands, followed by participants who watched a washing-hands video, followed by participants who watched a typing-hands video. Guilt mediated the effects of cleansing on helping. These findings suggest that washing one’s own hands, or even watching someone else wash their hands, can wash away one’s guilt and lead to less helpful behavior. PMID:24616686

  18. Can washing-pretreatment eliminate the health risk of municipal solid waste incineration fly ash reuse?

    PubMed

    Wang, Yao; Pan, Yun; Zhang, Lingen; Yue, Yang; Zhou, Jizhi; Xu, Yunfeng; Qian, Guangren

    2015-01-01

    Although the reuse of washing-pretreated MSWI fly ash bas been a hot topic, the associated risk is still an issue of great concern. The present study investigated the influence of washing-pretreatment on the total contents and bioaccessibility of heavy metals in MSWI fly ash. Furthermore, the study incorporated bioaccessibility adjustment into probabilistic risk assessment, to quantify the health risk from multi-pathway exposure to the concerned chemicals as a result of reusing washed MSWI fly ash. The results revealed that both water-washing and acid-washing process have resulted in the concentrated heavy metal content, and have reduced the bioaccessibility of heavy metals. Besides, the acid-washing process increased the cancer risk in most cases, while the effect of water-washing process was uncertain. However, both water-washing and acid-washing pretreatment could decrease the hazard index based on bioaccesilbility. Despite the uncertainties accompanying these procedures, the results indicated that, in this application scenario, only water-washing or acid-washing process cannot reduce the actual risk from all samples to acceptable level, especially for cancer risk. PMID:25450931

  19. Factors influencing hand washing behaviour in primary schools: process evaluation within a randomized controlled trial.

    PubMed

    Chittleborough, Catherine R; Nicholson, Alexandra L; Basker, Elaine; Bell, Sarah; Campbell, Rona

    2012-12-01

    This article explores factors that may influence hand washing behaviour among pupils and staff in primary schools. A qualitative process evaluation within a cluster randomized controlled trial included pupil focus groups (n = 16, aged 6-11 years), semi-structured interviews (n = 16 teachers) and observations of hand washing facilities (n = 57). Pupils and staff in intervention and control schools demonstrated a similar level of understanding of how, when and why they should wash their hands. Lack of time, poor adult modelling of regular hand washing and unattractive facilities were seen as important barriers to regular hand washing. Reminders and explanations for the importance of hand hygiene were thought to have a positive impact. Influencing individual choices about hand washing through education and information may be necessary, but not sufficient, for initiating and maintaining good hand washing practices. Structural factors, including having time to wash hands using accessible, clean facilities, and being encouraged through the existence of hand washing opportunities in the daily routine and hand washing being viewed as the social norm, will also influence hand washing behaviour. The effectiveness of educational interventions at improving hand hygiene in primary schools may be improved by changing priorities of staff and increasing accessibility to quality facilities. PMID:22623617

  20. An Automatic Washing Machine to Remove Aluminum From Astronomical Mirrors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zitelli, Valentina

    Cleaning of large astronomical mirrors, before aluminization, required in the past a large amount of manual operations on the surface. With very large mirrors, 8 meter or more, manual operations become time consuming, expensive and often dangerous, both for mirror surface and operators. A fully automated procedure is thus mandatory when handling large mirrors. To this aim we experimented on a small scale (60 cm) an automatic procedure, free from any manual contact with the mirror, capable of removing old aluminum and leaving a clean, wet surface ready for a successful new aluminization. First we manually treated small borosilicate mirrors, obtained from the LBT primary mirror glass batch, with different sequences of chemicals, commonly used to this purpose. These small mirrors were checked with a Wyko interferometer before and after treating, to trace change in roughness of the surface. Quality and stability of the new aluminum deposition after cleaning was also checked. The washing machine prototype is composed by a water proof box on rigid PVC with a moving arm, a pump and a series of tanks containing the used chemicals. All the adopted components can be used with acids and other corrosive fluids. The machine is designed to hold the mirror in vertical position. An arm with 10 cm spaced nozzles moves up and down in front of the mirror spraying the adopted chemicals in a defined sequence. A pump forces the liquid through the circuit. After the washing, the mirror is left, protected from the dust in the washing machine, for about 2 hours to drip the water, then is moved into the vacuum pump to check the final result of aluminizing the cleaned surface. A homogeneous layer of aluminum follows only after a careful cleaning, otherwise a fast oxidize process, or a inhomogeneous aluminum coating appear. Scaling times, fluxes and costs from this experiment to large size mirrors leads to realistic, affordable figures.

  1. Fracture coatings in Topopah Spring Tuff along drill hole wash

    SciTech Connect

    Carlos, B.A.; Chipera, S.J.; Bish, D.L.

    1994-12-01

    Fracture-lining minerals are being studied as part of site characterization to determine the suitability of Yucca Mountain, Nevada as a potential high level nuclear waste repository. Fracture coatings in the Paintbrush Group provide information on potential flow paths above the water table both toward and away from the potential repository and provide information on the distribution of fracture-lining minerals needed to model thermal effects of waste emplacement. Fracture coatings within the predominantly non-zeolitic Paintbrush Group vary both with depth and laterally across Yucca Mountain, whereas fracture coatings in tuffs below the Paintbrush Group are related to the mineralogy of the tuffs and follow a consistent pattern of distribution with predominantly quartz, calcite, and manganese oxides in the devitrified intervals and mordenite and clinoptilolite in the zeolitic intervals. The zeolites stellerite and heulandite are more abundant in fractures in the Topopah Spring Tuff in drill holes USW G-1 and UE-25 a{number_sign}l, located along Drill Hole Wash (at the northern end of Yucca Mountain) than in core from other parts of Yucca Mountain. Buesch et al. (2) present evidence for a complex fault system along Drill Hole Wash. To investigate the possibility that the abundant fracture-lining zeolites in USW G-1 and UE-25 a{number_sign} 1 are related to the Drill Hole Wash fault, the Topopah Spring Tuff was examined in drill cores from USW UZ-14, USW G-1, USW NRG-7/7a, and UE-25 a{number_sign}l.

  2. Adsorbents from lignin and washed-off petroleum waste

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. G. Shendrik; L. V. Pashchenko; V. V. Simonova; V. A. Drozdov; V. A. Kucherenko; T. V. Khabarova

    2007-01-01

    The properties of active carbons, products of the steam activation (400–900C) of mixtures of washed-off petroleum waste and\\u000a lignin, were studied. The dependences of the yield, the specific surface area, and adsorption activity with respect to iodine\\u000a (A\\u000a I) and methylene blue (A\\u000a MB) on the activation temperature (400–900C), as well as the characteristics of the pore systems and the

  3. Development of a preprototype hyperfiltration wash water recovery subsystem

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1981-01-01

    The use of hyperfiltration as a mode of reclamation of waste water on board an extended mission spacecraft was investigated. Two basic approaches are considered with respect to hyperfiltration of wash water recovery. The initial approach involves the use of a hollow fiber permeator and a tubular module, operating at ambient temperature. In this system, relatively large doses of biocides are used to control microbial activity. Since biocides require a long contact time, and many have adverse dematological effects as well as many interact with membrane material, a second approach is considered which involves operating at pasturization temperature.

  4. Piecewise linear car-following modeling

    E-print Network

    Farhi, Nadir

    2011-01-01

    We present a traffic model which extends the linear car-following model as well as the min-plus traffic model (a model based on the min-plus algebra). A discrete-time car-dynamics describing the traffic on a 1-lane road without passing is interpreted as a dynamic programming equation of a stochastic optimal control problem of a Markov chain. This variational formulation permits to characterize the stability of the car-dynamics and to calculte the stationary regimes when they exist. The model is based on a piecewise linear approximation of the fundamental traffic diagram.

  5. Back pain and car-seat comfort.

    PubMed

    Hall, M A

    1972-06-01

    A brief survey of the incidence of back trouble among the members of the Consumers' Association's car test unit led on to a survey of differences in the way those with and those without back trouble rated the comfort of car seats. The methods are described in some detail. It is suggested that people with back trouble may be a useful test tool for designers. It is concluded that car seats should cater for a wider range of a driver size, and should allow individual drivers to adjust the amount of support given to different areas of the body. PMID:15677094

  6. Ultrasonic coal washing to leach alkali elements from coals.

    PubMed

    Balakrishnan, S; Reddy, V Midhun; Nagarajan, R

    2015-11-01

    Deposition of fly ash particles onto heat-transfer surfaces is often one of the reasons for unscheduled shut-downs of coal-fired boilers. Fouling deposits encountered in convective sections of a boiler are characterized by arrival of ash particles in solidified (solid) state. Fouling is most frequently caused by condensation and chemical reaction of alkali vapors with the deposited ash particles creating a wet surface conducive to collect impacting ash particles. Hence, the amount of alkali elements present in coals, which, in turn, is available in the flue gas as condensable vapors, determines the formation and growth of fouling deposits. In this context, removal of alkali elements becomes vital when inferior coals having high-ash content are utilized for power generation. With the concept of reducing alkali elements present in a coal entering the combustor, whereby the fouling deposits can either be minimized or be weakened due to absence of alkali gluing effect, the ultrasonic leaching of alkali elements from coals is investigated in this study. Ultrasonic water-washing and chemical-washing, in comparison with agitation, are studied in order to estimate the intensification of the alkali removal process by sonication. PMID:26186840

  7. Key to car parking (check signs for latest information)

    E-print Network

    Albrecht, David

    Car Pool parking Area 1 parking Key to car parking (check signs for latest information) H J S N K s To Clayton campus and Dandenong Members No.1 car park, entry from the western side of Smith Street. Ticket Street Dandenong Road Princes Highway (Dandenong Road) MRC Guineas Car Park Sir John Monash Drive Main

  8. Reducing vehicle crime A new car or motorbike is

    E-print Network

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Reducing vehicle crime C rim e reduction advice #12;A new car or motorbike is usually the second leaving your car · Don't leave anything inside your car. Clothes, cigarettes and loose change can all and boot. Parking · Keep your car parked in a garage if possible and lock both vehicle and garage. · When

  9. Geometric Model of a Narrow Tilting CAR using Robotics formalism

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Geometric Model of a Narrow Tilting CAR using Robotics formalism Salim Maakaroun *°, Wisama Khalil of an Electrical narrow tilting car instead of a large gasoline car should dramatically decrease traffic congestion modeling issue of a new narrow tilting car. The modeling is based on the modified Denavit Hartenberg

  10. Gnie mcanique Simulation of a Car equipped with

    E-print Network

    Lausanne, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de

    SECTION DE Génie mécanique Simulation of a Car equipped with an Active Suspension System Author the dynamic behavior of a four- wheeled car, a 7 degrees of freedom model is established. The car itself has model of a four-wheeled car equipped with an active suspension system. This system allows to apply

  11. Designing and implementing an intelligent Bluetooth-enabled robot car

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Heikki Rissanen; Jukka Mahonen; Keijo Haataja; Markus Johansson; Jamo Mielikainen; Pekka Toivanen

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, a designing process and implementation details of an intelligent Bluetooth-enabled robot car are described. The robot car is wirelessly remote controlled via Bluetooth. In addition, a comparative analysis of the different kinds of sensors, which are useful in robot cars, is provided. Moreover, a review of the wireless robot car remote controlling systems is provided.

  12. Performance Boundaries of Massive Floating Car Data Offloading

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Performance Boundaries of Massive Floating Car Data Offloading Silvia Ancona1,3 and Razvan Stanica1Politecnico di Bari, Bari, Italy Floating Car Data (FCD) consist of information generated by moving vehicles networks, floating car data, cellular uplink 1 Introduction The term Floating Car Data (FCD) defines

  13. 49 CFR 218.80 - Movement of occupied camp cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false Movement of occupied camp cars. 218.80 Section 218.80 Transportation...OPERATING PRACTICES Protection of Occupied Camp Cars § 218.80 Movement of occupied camp cars. Occupied cars may not be humped or flat...

  14. 49 CFR 218.80 - Movement of occupied camp cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false Movement of occupied camp cars. 218.80 Section 218.80 Transportation...OPERATING PRACTICES Protection of Occupied Camp Cars § 218.80 Movement of occupied camp cars. Occupied cars may not be humped or flat...

  15. 49 CFR 218.80 - Movement of occupied camp cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false Movement of occupied camp cars. 218.80 Section 218.80 Transportation...OPERATING PRACTICES Protection of Occupied Camp Cars § 218.80 Movement of occupied camp cars. Occupied cars may not be humped or flat...

  16. 40 CFR 201.13 - Standard for rail car operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 false Standard for rail car operations. 201.13 Section 201...Standards § 201.13 Standard for rail car operations. Effective December 31...to this regulation shall operate any rail car or combination of rail cars which...

  17. 40 CFR 201.13 - Standard for rail car operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 true Standard for rail car operations. 201.13 Section 201...Standards § 201.13 Standard for rail car operations. Effective December 31...to this regulation shall operate any rail car or combination of rail cars which...

  18. 49 CFR 238.311 - Single car test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Single car test. 238.311 Section 238.311 Transportation...Passenger Equipment § 238.311 Single car test. (a) Except for self-propelled passenger cars, single car tests of all passenger...

  19. 49 CFR 238.311 - Single car test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Single car test. 238.311 Section 238.311 Transportation...Passenger Equipment § 238.311 Single car test. (a) Except for self-propelled passenger cars, single car tests of all passenger...

  20. 49 CFR 238.311 - Single car test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Single car test. 238.311 Section 238.311 Transportation...Passenger Equipment § 238.311 Single car test. (a) Except for self-propelled passenger cars, single car tests of all passenger...

  1. 49 CFR 238.311 - Single car test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Single car test. 238.311 Section 238.311 Transportation...Passenger Equipment § 238.311 Single car test. (a) Except for self-propelled passenger cars, single car tests of all passenger...

  2. 49 CFR 218.80 - Movement of occupied camp cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false Movement of occupied camp cars. 218.80 Section 218.80 Transportation...OPERATING PRACTICES Protection of Occupied Camp Cars § 218.80 Movement of occupied camp cars. Occupied cars may not be humped or flat...

  3. 40 CFR 201.13 - Standard for rail car operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 false Standard for rail car operations. 201.13 Section 201...Standards § 201.13 Standard for rail car operations. Effective December 31...to this regulation shall operate any rail car or combination of rail cars which...

  4. Updated: January 2014 Vehicle Rentals Enterprise Rent-a-Car

    E-print Network

    Peak, Derek

    Updated: January 2014 Vehicle Rentals ­ Enterprise Rent-a-Car The contract between the University of Saskatchewan and Enterprise-Rent-a-Car is in effect until January 1, 2018. Contract Highlights 1. Free pick up efficient and alternate fuel cars are available in the Enterprise car fleet. 5. Vehicles rented

  5. 49 CFR 218.80 - Movement of occupied camp cars.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false Movement of occupied camp cars. 218.80 Section 218.80 Transportation...OPERATING PRACTICES Protection of Occupied Camp Cars § 218.80 Movement of occupied camp cars. Occupied cars may not be humped or flat...

  6. 40 CFR 201.13 - Standard for rail car operations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 false Standard for rail car operations. 201.13 Section 201...Standards § 201.13 Standard for rail car operations. Effective December 31...to this regulation shall operate any rail car or combination of rail cars which...

  7. 49 CFR 238.311 - Single car test.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Single car test. 238.311 Section 238.311 Transportation...Passenger Equipment § 238.311 Single car test. (a) Except for self-propelled passenger cars, single car tests of all passenger...

  8. Modeling strategic responses to car and fuel taxation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pim Heijnen; Peter Kooreman

    2006-01-01

    We develop a model to analyze the interactions between actors involved in car and fuel taxation: consumers, car producers, fuel producers and the government. Hetero- geneous consumers choose between two versions of a car that dier in engine type (diesel or gas). Car manufacturers and fuel producers maximize profits taking into account the eects of their behavior on each other

  9. Modeling Strategic Interactions to Car and Fuel Taxation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Heijnen; P. Kooreman

    2006-01-01

    We develop a model to analyse the interactions between actors involved in car and fuel taxation: consumers, car producers, fuel producers and the government. Heterogeneous consumers choose between two versions of a car that differ in engine type (diesel or gasoline). Car manufacturers and fuel producers maximise profits taking into account the effects of their behaviour on each other and

  10. Modelling Strategic Responses to Car and Fuel Taxation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pim Heijnen; Peter Kooreman

    2006-01-01

    We develop a model to analyse the interactions between actors involved in car and fuel taxation: consumers, car producers, fuel producers and the government. Heterogeneous consumers choose between two versions of a car that differ in engine type (diesel or gasoline). Car manufacturers and fuel producers maximise profits taking into account the effects of their behaviour on each other and

  11. Fuzzy Retrieval System Employing Image Processing for Car Shape

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Takashi Samatsu; Kie Tachikawa; Yan Shi

    2009-01-01

    This paper proposes a fuzzy retrieval system for purchasing cars employing image processing. This system aims to support such persons who are not good with machines or cars. When they try to purchase a car, they can use this system easily as if they ask casually someone else who knows more about car. Unspecific conditions are expressed by the fuzzy

  12. Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent Tao Zhang, 3

    E-print Network

    Aickelin, Uwe

    Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent 1 Lei Yu, ,2 Tao Zhang, 3 Siebers Peer-Ola, 4 to include things like car parking charges, price of electrical car, energy awareness and word of mouth parking rates and other incentives on the uptake of electrical cars. The goal of this case study

  13. INTERACTION DESIGN ISSUES FOR CAR NAVIGATION SYSTEMS Paul Curzon

    E-print Network

    Curzon, Paul

    of in- car navigation systems. It focused on a commercial product. Critical incident analysisINTERACTION DESIGN ISSUES FOR CAR NAVIGATION SYSTEMS Paul Curzon Middlesex University Interaction the interaction design of car navigation systems. Keywords In-car navigation systems, cognitive walkthrough. 1

  14. Carring's Medium Access Methods in Comparison to FDDI

    E-print Network

    Zachmann, Gabriel

    Carring's Medium Access Methods in Comparison to FDDI Marcel Wille, Harald Richter Institute marcel.wille Irichter@in.tu-clausthal.de Abslract - Carring is a cost-effective, reliable, real-time local arc8 network for cars that is based on a ring topology. Applications of Carring are mecbatronic

  15. Each new car a weather station

    E-print Network

    Johannesson, Henrik

    Each new car a weather station SCIENCE FACULTYMAGAZINE THE SECRET OF CLOUDS Atmospheric researchers studying clouds and particles in the air to solve the climate problem No 2 2013 Faculty of Science New art

  16. How to Buy a Car 101

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Flores, Charity A.

    2006-01-01

    This article elaborates on the basics of problem-based learning units and tips for implementation. The problem-based learning unit described focuses on the course of action involved in purchasing a new car. (Contains 2 figures.)

  17. Binarity of the LBV HR Car

    E-print Network

    Rivinius, Th; de Wit, W J; Mehner, A; Martayan, Ch; Guieu, S; Bouquin, J -B Le

    2014-01-01

    VLTI/AMBER and VLTI/PIONIER observations of the LBV HR Car show an interferometric signature that could not possibly be explained by an extended wind, more or less symmetrically distributed around a single object. Instead, observations both in the Br$\\gamma$ line and the H-band continuum are best explained by two point sources (or alternatively one point source and one slightly extended source) at about 2 mas separation and a contrast ratio of about 1:5. These observations establish that HR Car is a binary, but further interpretation will only be possible with future observations to constrain the orbit. Under the assumption that the current separation is close to the maximum one, the orbital period can be estimated to be of the order of 5 years, similar as in the $\\eta$ Car system. This would make HR Car the second such LBV binary.

  18. Habitable Cars: what we do there 

    E-print Network

    Laurier, Eric; Brown, Barry; Lorimer, Hayden

    2005-01-01

    Two seats and a small sofa all facing forwards. The three piece suite of the conventionally designed car. A little living room. It is supplied with a stereo for playing music and a radio. More commonly now, DVD players ...

  19. Effects of extra washing aftertreatments on fastness and spectrophotometric properties of dyed PET\\/viscose\\/elastane fabric

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. T. O?ulata; O. Balci

    2007-01-01

    Extra washing treatments are one of the effective ways to overcome problems like poor fastness, and called reproduction process in textile finishing operation. In this experimental study, we investigated some extra washing aftertreatments as reproduction for completely deep dyed PET\\/viscose\\/elastane woven fabric using reductive and reactive washing methods. After washing applications, we measured the colour performances (?E, ?L, ?C, ?H)

  20. Optical parametric oscillator system for CARS microscopy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wei Zhang; G. McConnell; M. Parsons

    2009-01-01

    Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy as a labelling free nonlinear imaging technique has been extensively researched and been employed for many applications, e.g. live cell imaging, cell membrane studies, tissue imaging as well as brain tumour imaging. The most common optical system for CARS microscopy employs two tightly synchronised ultra-short pulsed lasers overlapped temporally and spatially. Not only is