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1

What Happens at a Car Wash?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A class of 3- to 5-year-old children in a child care center in the midwestern United States chose to study a car wash as a group project. This article discusses how the project evolved, describes the three phases of the project, and provides the teachers' reflections on the project. Photos taken during the project and children's sketches are…

Gallick, Barbara; Lee, Lisa

2010-01-01

2

Car wash wastewater treatment and water reuse - a case study.  

PubMed

Recent features of a car wash wastewater reclamation system and results from a full-scale car wash wastewater treatment and recycling process are reported. This upcoming technology comprises a new flocculation-column flotation process, sand filtration, and a final chlorination. A water usage and savings audit (22 weeks) showed that almost 70% reclamation was possible, and fewer than 40 L of fresh water per wash were needed. Wastewater and reclaimed water were characterized by monitoring chemical, physicochemical and biological parameters. Results were discussed in terms of aesthetic quality (water clarification and odour), health (pathological) and chemical (corrosion and scaling) risks. A microbiological risk model was applied and the Escherichia coli proposed criterion for car wash reclaimed water is 200 CFU 100 mL(-1). It is believed that the discussions on car wash wastewater reclamation criteria may assist institutions to create laws in Brazil and elsewhere. PMID:23128624

Zaneti, R N; Etchepare, R; Rubio, J

2013-01-01

3

Car wash wastewater reclamation. Full-scale application and upcoming features  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent features on car wash wastewater reclamation and results obtained in a full-scale car wash wastewater treatment and recycling are reported. The technique employed comprises a new flocculation-column flotation (FCF), sand filtration and final chlorination. Water usage and savings audits (20 weeks) showed that almost 70% reclamation was possible, and less than 40L of fresh water per wash was attained.

Rafael Zaneti; Ramiro Etchepare; Jorge Rubio

2011-01-01

4

Nuclear car wash status report, August 2005  

SciTech Connect

A large majority of US imports arrive at seaports in maritime cargo containers. The number of containers arriving is nearly 10 million per year, each with a cargo of up to 30 tons of various materials. This provides a vulnerable entry point for the importation of a nuclear weapon or its components by a terrorist group. Passive radiation sensors are being deployed at portals to detect radioactive material and portable instruments are carried by port personnel to augment detection. Those instruments can detect the neutrons and g-rays produced by {sup 240}Pu that is normally present in weapons grade plutonium in cases where cargo overburden is not too great. However, {sup 235}U produces almost no neutron output in its normal radioactive decay and its principal {gamma}-radiation is at 186 keV and is readily attenuated by small amounts of wood or packing materials. Impurities such as {sup 232}U, often present in reactor irradiated material at the 100-200 ppt level, can provide a detectable signal through significant cargo overburden but the wide variations among samples of HEU make this an unreliable means of detecting SNM. High quality radiography may be useful in determining that the majority of containers are clearly free of SNM. However, some containers will lead to ambiguous results from radiography and passive radiation sensing. For these reasons active neutron interrogation is proposed as a means to produce fission and thus greatly amplify the radiation output of fissionable material to facilitate its reliable detection even when well shielded by large cargo overburden. Historically, the fission signature utilized as the unique identifying feature of fissionable materials is the detection of delayed neutrons. However, these neutrons have very low yield {approx} 0.017 per fission in {sup 235}U, and their low energy results in very poor penetration of hydrogenous materials such as fuels, water, wood, or agricultural products. That signature alone does not provide reliable detection in thick cargos. A new signature has been identified and has been developed within the current project for the detection of well shielded SNM. This SNM signature is based on high-energy {beta}-delayed {gamma}-radiation produced by fission products following neutron or photon induced fission. These {gamma}-rays are high enough in energy (E{sub {gamma}} > 3 MeV) to be readily distinguished from any natural background radioactivity since the latter does not extend above 2.6 MeV. Their abundance is nearly a decade greater than delayed neutrons and their short half-lives deliver nearly all of the signature radiation on time scales of one minute or less and thus facilitate rapid scanning. Finally, for this {gamma}-radiation in the 3-6 MeV range attenuation occurs only by Compton scattering and is in the range where minimum attenuation occurs in all materials. Even the thickest cargos of any material attenuate these {gamma}-rays by only a factor of 10-30X so that the signature is readily detected even with the most challenging shield materials. The goals of the current program are to detect significant quantities (much less than IAEA ''significant'' amounts) of well-shielded SNM, and to do so with detection probability P{sub d} {ge} 95% and with false alarm rates P{sub fp} {le} 0.001. It is the goal to meet these requirements in a scan that requires less than one minute to complete and does so without damage to the cargo or to people who may be hidden inside. We intend to meet these requirements even when the cargo overburden is up to {rho}L {le} 150 g/cm{sup 2} of any material ranging from fuels and agricultural products to steel and lead.

Prussin, S; Slaughter, D; Pruet, J; Descalle, M; Bernstein, A; Hall, J; Accatino, M; Alford, O; Asztalos, S; Church, J; Loshak, A; Madden, N; Manatt, D; Moore, T; Norman, E; Petersen, D

2005-07-29

5

Nuclear car wash status report, August 2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large majority of US imports arrive at seaports in maritime cargo containers. The number of containers arriving is nearly 10 million per year, each with a cargo of up to 30 tons of various materials. This provides a vulnerable entry point for the importation of a nuclear weapon or its components by a terrorist group. Passive radiation sensors are

S Prussin; D Slaughter; J Pruet; M Descalle; A Bernstein; J Hall; M Accatino; O Alford; S Asztalos; J Church; A Loshak; N Madden; D Manatt; T Moore; E Norman; D Petersen

2005-01-01

6

Experimental study of variations in background radiation and the effect on Nuclear Car Wash sensitivity  

SciTech Connect

Error rates in a cargo screening system such as the Nuclear Car Wash [1-7] depend on the standard deviation of the background radiation count rate. Because the Nuclear Car Wash is an active interrogation technique, the radiation signal for fissile material must be detected above a background count rate consisting of cosmic, ambient, and neutron-activated radiations. It was suggested previously [1,6] that the Corresponding negative repercussions for the sensitivity of the system were shown. Therefore, to assure the most accurate estimation of the variation, experiments have been performed to quantify components of the actual variance in the background count rate, including variations in generator power, irradiation time, and container contents. The background variance is determined by these experiments to be a factor of 2 smaller than values assumed in previous analyses, resulting in substantially improved projections of system performance for the Nuclear Car Wash.

Church, J; Slaughter, D; Norman, E; Asztalos, S; Biltoft, P

2007-02-07

7

Nuclear Car Wash Sensitivity in Varying Thicknesses of Wood and Steel Cargo.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The influence of incident neutron attenuation on signal strengths in the Nuclear Car Wash has been observed experimentally for both wood and steel-pipe mock cargos (1). Measured decay curves are presented for Beta-delayed high-energy gamma-rays and therma...

D. R. Slaughter J. Hall J. A. Church M. A. Descalle P. Biltoft S. Asztalos

2006-01-01

8

Pollutant removal from oily wastewater discharged from car washes through sedimentation-coagulation.  

PubMed

Wastewater from car washes represents a potential problem for the sewer system due to its emulsified oils and suspended material. Treatment of wastewater discharged from four car washes was investigated by sedimentation and coagulation. The effect of the coagulants Servical P (aluminium hydroxychloride), Servican 50 (poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)), aluminium sulfate and ferric chloride was evaluated. The achieved removal using sedimentation was of 82%, 88% 73% and 51% for oils, total suspended solids, COD, and turbidity, respectively. In the treatment by coagulation we achieved average efficiencies nearly to 74% for COD removal, greater than 88% in the case of total suspended solids removal and 92% in the case of turbidity and except the performance of Servican 50 greater than 90% in oil removal. We concluded that the oil residual concentration and COD in the treated water allows pouring it in the sewer system complying with the limits of the Mexican rule NOM-002-ECOL-1996 and it is possible even its reuse, at least in the case of the chassis washing of cars. PMID:19542641

Rubí, H; Fall, C; Ortega, R E

2009-01-01

9

Nuclear Car Wash sensitivity in varying thicknesses of wood and steel cargo  

SciTech Connect

The influence of incident neutron attenuation on signal strengths in the Nuclear Car Wash has been observed experimentally for both wood and steel-pipe mock cargos. Measured decay curves are presented for {beta}-delayed high-energy {gamma}-rays and thermalized neutrons following neutron-induced fission of HEU through varying irradiation lengths. Error rates are extracted for delayed-{gamma} and delayed-n signals integrated to 30 seconds, assuming Gaussian distributions for the active background. The extrapolation to a field system of 1 mA deuterium current and to a 5 kg sample size is discussed.

Church, J; Slaughter, D; Asztalos, S; Biltoft, P; Descalle, M; Hall, J; Manatt, D; Mauger, J; Norman, E; Petersen, D; Prussin, S

2006-10-05

10

The Nuclear Car Wash: Neutron interrogation of cargo containers to detect hidden SNM  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

LLNL is actively involved in the development of advanced technologies for use in detecting threats in sea-going cargo containers, particularly the presence of hidden special nuclear materials (SNM). The “Nuclear Car Wash” (NCW) project presented here uses a high-energy (En ? 3.5 7.0 MeV) neutron probe to scan a container and then takes high-energy (E? ? 2.5 MeV), ?-delayed ?-rays emitted during the subsequent decay of any short-lived, neutron-induced fission products as a signature of fissionable material. The components of the proposed system (e.g. neutron source, gamma detectors, etc.) will be discussed along with data processing schemes, possible threat detection metrics and potential interference signals. Results from recent laboratory experiments using a prototype system at LLNL will also be presented.

Hall, J. M.; Asztalos, S.; Biltoft, P.; Church, J.; Descalle, M.-A.; Luu, T.; Manatt, D.; Mauger, G.; Norman, E.; Petersen, D.; Pruet, J.; Prussin, S.; Slaughter, D.

2007-08-01

11

Description of ALARMA: the alarm algorithm developed for the Nuclear Car Wash  

SciTech Connect

The goal of any alarm algorithm should be that it provide the necessary tools to derive confidence limits on whether the existence of fissile materials is present in cargo containers. It should be able to extract these limits from (usually) noisy and/or weak data while maintaining a false alarm rate (FAR) that is economically suitable for port operations. It should also be able to perform its analysis within a reasonably short amount of time (i.e. {approx} seconds). To achieve this, it is essential that the algorithm be able to identify and subtract any interference signature that might otherwise be confused with a fissile signature. Lastly, the algorithm itself should be user-intuitive and user-friendly so that port operators with little or no experience with detection algorithms may use it with relative ease. In support of the Nuclear Car Wash project at Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, we have developed an alarm algorithm that satisfies the above requirements. The description of the this alarm algorithm, dubbed ALARMA, is the purpose of this technical report. The experimental setup of the nuclear car wash has been well documented [1, 2, 3]. The presence of fissile materials is inferred by examining the {beta}-delayed gamma spectrum induced after a brief neutron irradiation of cargo, particularly in the high-energy region above approximately 2.5 MeV. In this region naturally occurring gamma rays are virtually non-existent. Thermal-neutron induced fission of {sup 235}U and {sup 239}P, on the other hand, leaves a unique {beta}-delayed spectrum [4]. This spectrum comes from decays of fission products having half-lives as large as 30 seconds, many of which have high Q-values. Since high-energy photons penetrate matter more freely, it is natural to look for unique fissile signatures in this energy region after neutron irradiation. The goal of this interrogation procedure is a 95% success rate of detection of as little as 5 kilograms of fissile material while retaining at most .1% false alarm rate. Plywood is used to simulate hydrogenous cargo material and steel (pipes) is used to simulate metallic cargo. The wood consists of 120 x 240 cm sheets and has approximately .65 g/cm{sup 3}. The steel pipes have approximately 10 cm diameters x 6.4 mm wall thickness are .6 g/cm{sup 3}. Fissile sources consist of a ''large'' (380 g) and ''small'' (250 g) sample of HEU (U{sub 3}O{sub 8} 94% enriched). Note that the masses of the HEU sources used in our experimental runs are at least an order of magnitude smaller than 5 kilograms. Runs are done with either wood or steel cargoes stacked at various heights and the HEU sources placed at various depths within the cargo.

Luu, T; Biltoft, P; Church, J; Descalle, M; Hall, J; Manatt, D; Mauger, J; Norman, E; Petersen, D; Pruet, J; Prussin, S; Slaughter, D

2006-11-28

12

Containment atmosphere response (CAR) program. Second status report. [HTGR  

SciTech Connect

This report contains a summary of the work performed under the Containment Atmosphere Response (CAR) Program of the High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR) Safety Research Task since the publication of the previous status report (February 1978). The work concentrated on development of models describing containment phenomena during core heatup in support of probabilistic risk assessment studies. Models were completed for fission product iodine sorption on coated surfaces, diffusivity and retentivity of untreated concrete, iodine interaction with condensing steam on the containment atmosphere boundaries, and the cleanup filter system. These models were incorporated into a new computer program called CARCAS, a substantial extension of the CNTB computer program, and applied to Accident Initiation and Progression Analysis for Phase II core heatup sequences. Development was begun on models describing the postulated behavior of particulate fission products or aerosols within and leaking out of the containment.

Landoni, J.A.

1980-03-01

13

Comparison of washed and unwashed plant tissue samples utilized to monitor the nutrient status of creeping bentgrass putting greens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plant tissue analysis can be utilized by golf course superintendents to monitor a fertility program and to determine the nutrient status of turfgrass. The objectives of this study were to compare washed and unwashed plant tissue samples and to assess the nutrient status of golf course putting greens of creeping bentgrass (Agrostis palustris Huds. ‘Penncross'). Turfgrass clippings were collected monthly

James N. McCrimmon

1994-01-01

14

Washing and alkaline leaching of Hanford tank sludges: A status report  

SciTech Connect

Because of the assumed high cost of high-level waste (HLW) immobilization and disposal, pretreatment methods are being developed to minimize the volume of HLW requiring vitrification. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is investigating several options for pretreating the radioactive wastes stored in underground tanks at the Hanford Site. The pretreatment methods under study for the tank sludges include: (1) simply washing the sludges with dilute NaOH, (2) performing caustic leaching (as well as washing) to remove certain wash components, and (3) dissolving the sludges in acid and extracting key radionuclides from the dissolved sludge solutions. The data collected in this effort will be used to support the March 1998 decision on the extent of pretreatment to be performed on the Hanford tank sludges. This document describes sludge washing and caustic leaching tests conducted in FY 1994. These tests were performed using sludges from single-shell tanks (SST) B-201 and U-110. A summary is given of all the sludge washing and caustic leaching studies conducted at PNL in the last few years.

Lumetta, G.J.; Rapko, B.M.

1994-09-01

15

Status report: Pretreatment chemistry evaluation FY1997 -- Wash and leach factors for the single-shell tank waste inventory  

SciTech Connect

The wash factors will be used to partition the single-shell tank (SST) inventory into soluble and insoluble portions. The leach factors will be used to estimate the further removal of bulk analytes, such as chromium, aluminum, and phosphate, as well as minor components. Wash and leach factors are given here for 18 analytes, elements expected to drive the volume of material disposed of as high-level waste (HLW). These factors are determined by a weighting methodology developed earlier by this task. Tank-specific analyte inventory values depicted in Tank Waste Data Summary Worksheets, are calculated from concentrations obtained from characterization reports; the waste density; and the tank waste volume. The experimentally determined percentage of analytes removed by washing and leaching in a particular tank waste are translated into a mass (metric tons) in Experimental Washing and Leaching Data Summary Worksheets.

Colton, N.G.

1997-08-01

16

Art Cars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners design miniature cars. Learners can create a telephone car, soccer car, merry-go-round car, or any other theme car they can imagine. Learners can also choose to construct moving sculptures to ride inside, motorize the car, build an obstacle course, and/or have a mini art car parade.

Minnesota, Science M.

2012-06-04

17

Status Report: Pretreatment chemistry evaluation-Wash and leach factors for the single-shell tank waste inventory  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses a methodology developed to depict overall wash and leach factors for the Hanford single-shell tank (SST) inventory. The factors derived from this methodology, which is based on available partitioning data, are applicable to a composite SST inventory rather than only an assumed insoluble portion. The purpose of considering the entire inventory is to provide a more representative picture of the partitioning behavior of the analytes during envisioned waste retrieval and processing activities. The work described in this report was conducted by the Pretreatment Chemistry Evaluation task of the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS). The leach factors will be used to estimate the further removal of analytes, such as sodium, aluminum, phosphate, and other minor components. Wash and leach factors are given for elements expected to drive the volume of material disposed of as high-level waste (HLW).

Colton, N.G.

1996-09-01

18

Flere i Hver Bil. Status og Potensial for Endring av Bilbelegget i Norge (More Persons in the Cars. Status and Potential for Change in Car Occupancy Rates in Norway).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

According to the Norwegian National Travel Survey, each car trip consisted of 1.54 persons in average. Car occupancy rates declined slightly from 1985 to 2005. Occupancy rates are highest on work trips and lowest on escorting trips. Car occupancy is also ...

L. Vagane

2009-01-01

19

Car Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses car art and its appeal to boys and girls. Describes the popularity of customizing cars, focusing on this as a future career for students. Includes a list of project ideas that focuses on car art. (CMK)|

Meilach, Dona Z.

2002-01-01

20

Car Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses car art and its appeal to boys and girls. Describes the popularity of customizing cars, focusing on this as a future career for students. Includes a list of project ideas that focuses on car art. (CMK)

Meilach, Dona Z.

2002-01-01

21

Prolidase, Matrix Metalloproteinases 1 and 13 Activity, Oxidative-Antioxidative Status as a Marker of Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes and Chorioamnionitis in Maternal Vaginal Washing Fluids  

PubMed Central

Objective: Etiology of premature preterm rupture of membranes (PPROM) is not yet completely known and chorioamnionitis is one of the most important complications of its. We aimed to evaluate whether prolidase, matrix metalloproteinases, oxidative-antioxidative status, and inflammation markers in vaginal washing fluid (VWF) were associated with etiology of PPROM and whether these markers could be used to predict chorioamnionitis in PPROM. Study Design: This prospective case control study enrolled fifty pregnant women with PPROM and 50 healthy pregnant women. The VWF samples were taken at the time of admission in the PPROM group and patients were followed for chorioamnionitis. Prolidase, matrix metalloproteinases, oxidative-antioxidative status, and inflammation markers in VWF were assayed. Results: VWF levels of prolidase, matrix metalloproteinases 1-13 (p< 0.001), oxidative stress parameters, total oxidative stress (TOS) (p < 0.001) and oxidative stress index (OSI) (p = 0.002), and hs-CRP (p = 0.045) were significantly higher in the PPROM group than in the controls. Antioxidative status parameters, levels of paroxanase (PON-1) (p < 0.001) and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) (p < 0.001), were significantly lower in the PPROM group than in the controls. Mean VWF levels of prolidase (p < 0.001), metalloproteinases (p<0.05), and oxidative-antioxidative status parameters (p<0.05) were significantly different in women with versus women without chorioamnionitis in the PPROM group. Prolidase, MMP-13, TOS, TAC, and PON-1 were found as important predictors for chorioamnionitis in the PPROM group by the multivariate logistic regression analysis. When the ROC curve analysis for prolidase, MMP-13, TOS, TAC, and PON-1 were performed, all of them were statistically significant for area under the curve (areas under the curve were 0.94, 0.90, 0.80, 0.25, and 0.19, respectively). Conclusions: This study showed that collagen turnover mediators, especially prolidase, and increased oxidative stress are significantly associated with PPROM. Also, chorioamnionitis can be predicted with prolidase, MMP-13, TOS, TAC, and PON-1 in PPROM patients.

Soydinc, Hatice Ender; Sak, Muhammet Erdal; Evliyaoglu, Osman; Evsen, Mehmet S?dd?k; Turgut, Abdulkadir; Ozler, Ali; Y?ld?z, Ismail; Gul, Talip

2013-01-01

22

Hydraulic Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners build cars using syringes and water-powered hydraulics. Learners construct the car frame out of cardboard and set up a hydraulic system to raise and lower the car. Use this project to introduce learners to incompressible fluids and Pascal's Principle.

Workshop, Watsonville E.

2011-01-01

23

Sensored Car  

Microsoft Academic Search

Here is an idea using Sensor networks for a next generation car. ICT has revolutionized the common man's life. Today we want everything at the tip of our finger which we never had dreamt of. This is an idea of the same. Once a luxury but today a need car has became one of the important assets in our life.

Bhavna Ambudkar

2009-01-01

24

Newton Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners work in teams to investigate the relationship between mass, acceleration, and force as described in Newton's second law of motion. During a set of experiments, learners use a wooden car and rubber bands to toss varying masses off the car and measure how far the car rolls in response to the action force generated. Although this activity focuses on second law of motion, educators can use this activity to investigate all three of Netwon's laws. This lesson plan includes background information, tips and black-line masters for learners.

Shearer, Deborah A.; Gregory L. Vogt, Ed D.

2012-08-07

25

Wash This Way  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity on page 4 of the PDF, learners investigate the importance of washing their hands. Learners "dirty" their hands with cooking spray and glitter and then clean their hands using various hand-washing techniques. Learners compare the hand-washing techniques and discuss how germs can be harmful. Safety notes: Safety goggles are required. Follow all of Milli's safety tips on the bottom of the page.

Society, American C.

2011-01-01

26

Laundry: Washing Infected Material  

MedlinePLUS

... reduction of microbial contamination can be achieved at water temperatures lower than 160°F if laundry chemicals suitable for low-temperature washing are used at proper concentrations. In the home, normal washing and drying cycles including "hot" or "cold" cycles are adequate to ...

27

Mass car ownership in the emerging market giants  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARYCarsThe typical urban household in China owns a TV, a refrigerator, a washing machine, and a computer, but does not yet own a car. In this paper, we draw on data for a panel of countries and detailed household level surveys for the largest emerging markets to document a remarkably stable relationship between GDP per capita and car ownership, highlighting

Marcos Chamon; Paolo Mauro; Yohei Okawa

2008-01-01

28

Effect of cognitive status on self-regulatory driving behavior in older adults: an assessment of naturalistic driving using in-car video recordings.  

PubMed

Previous findings that older drivers engage in strategic self-regulatory behaviors to minimize perceived safety risks are primarily based on survey reports rather than actual behavior. This study analyzed in-car video recording of naturalistic driving of 18 patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) and 20 age-matched controls in order to (1) characterize self-regulatory behaviors engaged by older drivers and (2) assess how behaviors change with cognitive impairment. Only participants who were rated "safe" on a prior standardized road test were selected for this study. Both groups drove primarily in environments that minimized the demands on driving skill and that incurred the least risk for involvement in major crashes. Patients with AD displayed further restrictions of driving behavior beyond those of healthy elderly individuals, suggesting additional regulation on the basis of cognitive status. These data provide critical empirical support for findings from previous survey studies indicating an overall reduction in driving mobility among older drivers with cognitive impairment. PMID:23385363

Festa, Elena K; Ott, Brian R; Manning, Kevin J; Davis, Jennifer D; Heindel, William C

2013-02-04

29

Motorized Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this design challenge activity, learners build a car that uses a battery-operated motor to "drive" at least ten feet. Educators can use this activity as a fun, hands-on way to introduce the design process as well as circuitry and motors to learners.

Wgbh

2010-01-01

30

Cars and Driving  

MedlinePLUS

... Technology > Cars and Driving [+] Text [-] Text print # Resources Cars and Driving Driving a car can become a reality for many people who ... vehicle selection and whether you can adapt a car you already own. Does the necessary adaptive equipment ...

31

3. VIEW LOOKING NORTH AT CHINA WASH FLUME SHOWING WASH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. VIEW LOOKING NORTH AT CHINA WASH FLUME SHOWING WASH - San Carlos Irrigation Project, China Wash Flume, Main (Florence-Case Grande) Canal at Station 137+00, T4S, R10E, S14, Coolidge, Pinal County, AZ

32

Washed Cotton: Washing Techniques, Processing Characteristics, and Health Effects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The collection of papers described washing cotton to remove potential health effects, the evaluation of acute human airway toxicity of standard and washed cotton dusts, microbiology of the fiber and airborne dust from washed cotton, differentiation of was...

P. J. Wakelyn R. R. Jacobs I. W. Kirk

1986-01-01

33

Solvent wash solution  

DOEpatents

A process is claimed for removing diluent degradation products from a solvent extraction solution, which has been used to recover uranium and plutonium from spent nuclear fuel. A wash solution and the solvent extraction solution are combined. The wash solution contains (a) water and (b) up to about, and including, 50 vol % of at least one-polar water-miscible organic solvent based on the total volume of the water and the highly-polar organic solvent. The wash solution also preferably contains at least one inorganic salt. The diluent degradation products dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent and the organic solvent extraction solvent do not dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent. The highly-polar organic solvent and the extraction solvent are separated.

Neace, J.C.

1984-03-13

34

Speeds of Company Cars.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The speed of passenger cars driving outside queues within different speed limit zones as well as how the ownership of the car influences the driving speed were investigated. There were considerable differences in the speeds between the different car model...

K. Alppivuori

1987-01-01

35

Soil washing treatability study  

SciTech Connect

Soil washing was identified as a viable treatment process option for remediating soil at the FEMP Environmental Management Project (FEMP). Little information relative to the specific application and potential effectiveness of the soil washing process exists that applies to the types of soil at the FEMP. To properly evaluate this process option in conjunction with the ongoing FEMP Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS), a treatability testing program was necessary to provide a foundation for a detailed technical evaluation of the viability of the process. In August 1991, efforts were initiated to develop a work plan and experimental design for investigating the effectiveness of soil washing on FEMP soil. In August 1992, the final Treatability Study Work Plan for Operable Unit 5: Soil Washing (DOE 1992) was issued. This document shall be referenced throughout the remainder of this report as the Treatability Study Work Plan (TSWP). The purpose of this treatability study was to generate data to support initial screening and the detailed analysis of alternatives for the Operable Unit 5 FS.

Krstich, M.

1995-12-01

36

Biogenesis (trade name) soil washing technology: Innovative technology evaluation report  

SciTech Connect

Soil washing technologies are designed to transfer contaminants from soil to a liquid phase. The BioGenesis Soil Washing Technology uses soil washing with a proprietary surfactant solution to transfer organic contaminants from soils to wastewater. The BioGenesis soil washing process was evaluated under the SITE program at a refinery where soils were contaminated with crude oil. Results of chemical analyses show that levels of total recoverable petroleum hydrocarbons (TRPH), an indicator of degraded crude oil, decreased by 65 to 73 percent in washed soils. The TRPH in residual soils were allowed to biodegrade for an additional 120 days. Results indicate that soil washing and biodegradation removed 85 to 88 percent of TRPH in treated soils. The Innovative Technology Evaluation Report provides information on the technology applicability, economic analysis, technology limitations, a technology description, process residuals, site requirements, latest performance data, the technology status, vendors claims, and the source of further information.

Bannerjee, P.

1993-09-02

37

Wheat Evolution: Dough Washing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity (page 5), learners investigate the evolution of wheat by washing different types of dough with water and comparing the results. The evolution of wheat from wild grasses demonstrates the dramatic effect of both natural and directed evolution on the structure of a crop plant and the chemical makeup of the product harvested from it. These activities illustrate the changes to both the structure and the chemistry of the wheat plant.

Council, Biotechnology A.

2012-01-01

38

Method of timing hand washing  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A hand washing device and method encouraging hand washing includes a display panel, a message "WASH UP with Soap and Water. Get rid of germs in only 15 seconds." and may have one of a variety of timing means to time the wash cycle or the user may use an ordinary clock. Germ illustrations indicate consequences. The panel is on personal and public use soap dispensers and return springs are used as the timing device.

2007-12-25

39

Enzymes for low temperature washing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing use of synthetic fibers which cannot tolerate temperatures above 50–60 C has changed the washing habits during\\u000a the past 5–10 years toward the use of lower washing temperatures. Furthermore, the energy crisis has focused interest on washing\\u000a at ambient temperatures for the purpose of saving energy. In order to compensate for the lower washing efficiency at decreased\\u000a temperatures,

M. H. Nielsen; S. J. Jepsen; H. Outtrup

1981-01-01

40

New cars — new materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to more demanding requirements of car occupants in relation to comfort and safety enhancing measures, the weight of cars has been increasing, and as a result additional difficulties have been encountered in making lighter cars. In the development of every new car there is a search for new ways to combine the demands of the customers with reducing the

Arno Jambor; Matthias Beyer

1997-01-01

41

Cars: Engineering for Efficiency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn how the aerodynamics and rolling resistance of a car affect its energy efficiency through designing and constructing model cars out of simple materials. As the little cars are raced down a tilted track (powered by gravity) and propelled off a ramp, students come to understand the need to maximize the energy efficiency of their cars. The most energy-efficient cars roll down the track the fastest and the most aerodynamic cars jump the farthest. Students also work with variables and plot how a car's speed changes with the track angle.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

42

17. CABLE CAR #22, VIEW SHOWING CAR ROUNDING CORNER IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. CABLE CAR #22, VIEW SHOWING CAR ROUNDING CORNER IN LOADING AREA NEXT TO CAR DUMP AND CAR DUMP BUILDING - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

43

Top 10 tech cars [fuel efficient cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two groups within the global automobile industry that are competing to develop the most fuel efficient car. On one hand are the US and Japanese manufacturers who have invested billions of dollars in hybrid electric technology, while on the other hand are the European makers who support light-duty diesel engines. In addition to fuel efficiency, car manufacturers are

J. Voelcker

2006-01-01

44

Illinois PER Interactive Examples: Car Catches Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive homework problem requires the student to determine the collision velocity of two cars given their initial velocities, separation, and the acceleration of the braking car. The problem is accompanied by a sequence of questions designed to encourage critical thinking and conceptual analysis. It is part of a larger collection of interactive problems developed by the Illinois Physics Education Research Group.

Gladding, Gary

2008-02-09

45

Car Race Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Car Race model allows the classic physics scenario in kinematics of a car with a lead and a constant velocity racing a car with a constant acceleration. The Car Race was created using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_bu_vector_addition.jar file will run the program if Java is installed.

Duffy, Andrew

2010-04-28

46

Keeping cars from crashing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adaptive cruise control is here, the first step toward systems that can help cars keep their distance on crowded highways. These adaptive cruise control (ACC) systems use laser beams or radar to measure the distance from the vehicle they are in to the car ahead and its speed relative to theirs. If a car crosses into the lane ahead, say,

W. D. Jones

2001-01-01

47

Rubber Band Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this design challenge activity, learners build a car that can travel at least four feet using rubber band power and use the design process to debug problems. Learners can follow up this activity with the "Motorized Car" and "Customized Car" activities in the Leader Notes guide.

Wgbh

2010-01-01

48

Components for the Washing Procedure.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report is about the development of a new energy-saving washing system for household washing machines which also reduces the pollution of the environment. Components of the detergents will be stored in the device for a longer period and will be added ...

L. Brodzina S. Klose D. Koos M. Krueger R. Striek

1985-01-01

49

Green Cars: A Brief Guide to Shared Car Ownership.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Green cars are cars shared by people who would not normally share cars, i.e., family members. The main advantage of sharing a car is economic, unless the owners could not otherwise afford a car at all and would have to rely on public transportation or wal...

S. Cousins

1978-01-01

50

Rally Car Jump Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Rally Car Jump Model simulates the effect of a rally car jumping off of a ramp as in an X Games event. The simulation make the approximation that the car's rear wheels move along the ramp at a constant speed until the end of the ramp is reached. The rally car experiences a torque, and hence a rotation, when the front wheels lose contact with the ramp. Once the rear wheels also leave the ramp, the rotation rate stays fixed until the car hits the second ramp. The Rally Car Jump Model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the jar file will run the program if Java is installed.

Belloni, Mario

2012-01-23

51

Insulator hot washing with deionized water  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution of hot washing insulators with deionized water is reviewed and the most recent washing equipment and practices are described. The effect of increasing the effective washing distance through the use of \\

Jamison C. Johnson

1976-01-01

52

Logarithms and Car Payments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This algebra lesson helps students connect how logarithms work to the real world example of financing a car. Students will use a formula to calculate the number of months it will take them to pay off a car loan based on the amount of the loan, the amount of the monthly car payment, and an interest rate which they will get from an internet resource. The student worksheet for this lesson may be downloaded here

2011-01-14

53

Dual broadband USED CARS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An easily implemented laser beam arrangement for dual broadband CARS is demonstrated which should facilitate the utilization of CARS for simultaneous measurement of a multiplicity of constituents. In this arrangement, all wave-mixing combinations are three-dimensionally phase matched and each pump component participates in a three-color wave-mixing sequence. The laser beam arrangement for dual broadband USED (unstable resonator spatially enhanced detection) CARS is also presented along with simultaneously generated dual broadband CARS signatures from CO2, N2, and H2O in the postflame zone of a premixed C2H4-air flame.

Eckbreth, A. C.; Anderson, T. J.

1986-05-01

54

Hygienic hand washing among nursing students in Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the application status of hand-washing information given within the context of infection control measures in practice areas among nursing students. This descriptive study was conducted with 430 students. A questionnaire was filled out by the students. In the statistical analysis, frequency, percentage, and ?2 values were measured for all the questions in

Sevim Çelik; Sema Koça?l?

2008-01-01

55

3. VAL CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. VAL CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK WITH THE VAL TO THE RIGHT, LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

56

18. CABLE CAR #21, DETAIL OF CAR COMING OUT OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. CABLE CAR #21, DETAIL OF CAR COMING OUT OF LOADING AREA OF CAR DUMP BUILDING - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

57

2. VAL CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VAL CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK WITH CAMERA STATION ABOVE LOOKING WEST TAKEN FROM RESERVOIR. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

58

What Kind of Car Am I? An Exercise to Sensitize Students to Social Class Inequality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Americans are said to have a love affair with cars. Recent magazine articles have addressed automobiles as objects of status and desire and how particular cars have become American icons. The popularity of "Car Talk" on National Public Radio and television shows like "Monster Garage" and "Overhaulin'" also suggest their ongoing fascination with…

Tiemann, Kathleen A.; Davis, Karen; Eide, Terri L.

2006-01-01

59

What Kind of Car Am I? An Exercise to Sensitize Students to Social Class Inequality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Americans are said to have a love affair with cars. Recent magazine articles have addressed automobiles as objects of status and desire and how particular cars have become American icons. The popularity of "Car Talk" on National Public Radio and television shows like "Monster Garage" and "Overhaulin'" also suggest their ongoing fascination with…

Tiemann, Kathleen A.; Davis, Karen; Eide, Terri L.

2006-01-01

60

Toward robotic cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article advocates self-driving, robotic technology for cars. Recent challenges organized by DARPA have induced a significant advance in technology for autopilots for cars; similar to those already used in aircraft and marine vessels. This article reviews this technology, and argues that enormous societal benefits can be reaped by deploying this emerging technology in the marketplace. It lays out a

Sebastian Thrun

2010-01-01

61

The Electric Cars Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over 100 years ago, the great inventor Thomas Edison warned that gasoline cars would pollute the environment and lead to gasoline shortages. He preferred the use of clean electric vehicles. He also put his money where his mouth was and developed an entirely new alkaline storage battery system for his beloved cars, the nickel-iron storage battery.…

Roman, Harry T.

2011-01-01

62

All purpose railroad car  

Microsoft Academic Search

An all purpose railroad car is described for transporting wheeled trailers and containers, the car comprising an elongated frame supported by wheel trucks, combined hitch and bolster means adjacent one end of the frame for selectively receiving and releasably retaining a trailer king pin and one end of a container. A means is spaced from the combined hitch and bolster

Terlecky

1987-01-01

63

Virtual Car: Velocity and Acceleration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation depicts the changing motion of a car when the user controls speed and direction. The speed of the car is indicated with a green arrow, and the car's acceleration is indicated with a purple arrow.

64

Enhanced sludge washing evaluation plan  

SciTech Connect

The Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Program mission is to store, treat, and immobilize highly radioactive Hanford Site waste (current and future tank waste and the strontium/cesium capsules) in an environmentally sound, safe, and cost-effective manner. The scope of the TWRS Waste Pretreatment Program is to treat tank waste and separate that waste into HLW and LLW fractions and provide additional treatment as required to feed LLW and HLW immobilization facilities. Enhanced sludge washing was chosen as the baseline process for separating Hanford tank waste sludge. Section 1.0 briefly discusses the purpose of the evaluation plan and provides the background that led to the choice of enhanced sludge washing as the baseline process. Section 2.0 provides a brief summary of the evaluation plan details. Section 3.0 discusses, in some detail, the technical work planned to support the evaluation of enhanced sludge washing. Section 4.0 briefly discusses the potential important of policy issues to the evaluation. Section 5.0 discusses the methodology to be used in the evaluation process. Section 6.0 summarizes the milestones that have been defined to complete the enhanced sludge washing evaluation and provides a summary schedule to evaluate the performance of enhanced sludge washing. References are identified in Section 7.0, and additional schedule and milestone information is provided in the appendices.

Jensen, R.D.

1994-09-01

65

Soil washing and radioactive contamination  

SciTech Connect

Soil washing, a technique combining both physical and chemical processes to produce significant volume reduction of contaminated soils, is widely regarded as a panacea for the huge inventory of contaminated soils in the DOE Complex. While the technology has been demonstrated for organics and to some extent for metals, review of the publications available on the practical applications to radioactive sites, indicates that most volume reduction is a product of unique circumstances such as screening or floating out non-soil materials containing most of the contaminants, or leaching contaminants (uranium or TRU) that exist as anionic complexes (Grant, 1991) which are not held by the soil cation-exchange-capacity. In either case, the potential for success of the technology is extremely site and contaminant specific. The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) guidance on soil washing treatability studies suggests a 50% reduction of contamination in particles over 2mm as a reasonable cutoff for choosing soil washing for further development (EPA, 1991).

Gombert, D.; Bosley, J.B.

1992-03-20

66

Abdominopelvic washings: A comprehensive review.  

PubMed

Intraperitoneal spread may occur with gynecological epithelial neoplasms, as well as with non-gynecological malignancies, which may result in serosal involvement with or without concomitant effusion. Therefore, washings in patients with abdominopelvic tumors represent important specimens for cytologic examination. They are primarily utilized for staging ovarian cancers, although their role has decreased in staging of endometrial and cervical carcinoma. Abdominopelvic washings can be positive in a variety of pathologic conditions, including benign conditions, borderline neoplastic tumors, locally invasive tumors, or distant metastases. In a subset of cases, washings can be diagnostically challenging due to the presence of co-existing benign cells (e.g., mesothelial hyperplasia, endosalpingiosis, or endometriosis), lesions in which there is only minimal atypia (e.g., serous borderline tumors) or scant atypical cells, and the rarity of specific tumor types (e.g., mesothelioma). Ancillary studies including immunocytochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization may be required in difficult cases to resolve the diagnosis. This article provides a comprehensive and contemporary review of abdominopelvic washings in the evaluation of gynecologic and non-gynecologic tumors, including primary peritoneal and mesothelial entities. PMID:23858317

Rodriguez, Erika F; Monaco, Sara E; Khalbuss, Walid; Austin, R Marshall; Pantanowitz, Liron

2013-04-24

67

A Window-Washing Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Skyscrapers sure do have a lot of windows, and these windows are cleaned and checked regularly. All this takes time, money, and puts workers at potential risk. Might there be a better way to do it? In this article, the author discusses a window-washing challenge and describes how students can tackle this task, pick up the challenge, and…

Roman, Harry T.

2010-01-01

68

Is rotational CARS an alternative to vibrational CARS for thermometry?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent developments in rotational CARS thermometry and critical issues when comparing vibrational and rotational CARS thermometry are described. In particular, the development of dual broadband rotational CARS and the noise characteristics of this approach are emphasized. The difficulty with unambiguous temperature determination in vibrational CARS with unknown parameters, in particular the nonresonant background susceptibility, and the lower sensitivity of rotational CARS thermometry at flame temperatures are also discussed.

Kroll, S.; Bengtsson, P. E.; Alden, M.; Nilsson, D.

1990-07-01

69

Automatic car model classification  

Microsoft Academic Search

An application is described of dynamic-programming-based matching to car model classification. An edge map is first extracted, and a sequence of pre-processing stages is carried out, culminating in the use of a 2-dimensional circle Hough transform to generate a cued region containing a putative car. Within the cued area a dynamic programming search (edge-based classification) is carried out to classify

Margaret Varga; John Radford

1991-01-01

70

Road-Testing Cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes how the magazine ‘Motor’ conducts its weekly road tests. The purpose of these is to assess the performance, handling, comfort and practicality of a car in a correct state of assembly, tune and adjustment. Reliability and durability is not assessed -this is covered by long-term tests.A car is usually assigned for two weeks to one particular road-tester

C. A. CURTIS

1979-01-01

71

Current Intelligence Bulletin 56. Washed Cotton: A Review and Recommendations Regarding Batch Kier Washed Cotton.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The information available regarding batch kier washed cotton was reviewed, including the 1978 OSHA Cotton Dust Standard, the 1978 complete exception for severly washed cotton, limitations of the 1978 exemption, washed cotton in the 1985 revision of the st...

1995-01-01

72

Comparison of alternative washing systems for heliostats  

SciTech Connect

Two methods have been proposed for washing heliostat mirrors in a solar central receiver facility. One method involves truck-mounted washing mechanisms continuously traversing the heliostat field, washing mirrors sequentially on a fixed schedule. The other concept involves a washing unit affixed to each heliostat, permitting near-simultaneous washing of all heliostats on demand. The former, scheduled washing system has the advantage of lower capital costs, while the latter, responsive system has more operational flexibility. Cost-benefit evaluation of the two systems, taking into account the random nature of rainfall patterns and soiling processes, indicates that the scheduled system is preferable.

Kerstein, A.

1981-04-01

73

The Washing of Fish: A Literature Assessment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the simple procedure of washing of fish, ample evidence has been revealed that practically no evaluation of equipment efficiency has ever been demonstrated. Major fishing countries indicate most fish washing equipment is of local design and constructio...

F. A. Ramey J. A. Taylor F. B. Thomas

1979-01-01

74

Soil washing and radioactive contamination  

SciTech Connect

Soil washing, a technique combining both physical and chemical processes to produce significant volume reduction of contaminated soils, is widely regarded as a panacea for the huge inventory of contaminated soils in the DOE Complex. While the technology has been demonstrated for organics and to some extent for metals, review of the publications available on the practical applications to radioactive sites, indicates that most volume reduction is a product of unique circumstances such as screening or floating out non-soil materials containing most of the contaminants, or leaching contaminants (uranium or TRU) that exist as anionic complexes (Grant, 1991) which are not held by the soil cation-exchange-capacity. In either case, the potential for success of the technology is extremely site and contaminant specific. The Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA) guidance on soil washing treatability studies suggests a 50% reduction of contamination in particles over 2mm as a reasonable cutoff for choosing soil washing for further development (EPA, 1991).

Gombert, D.; Bosley, J.B.

1992-03-20

75

Aerodynamics of Race Cars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Race car performance depends on elements such as the engine, tires, suspension, road, aerodynamics, and of course the driver. In recent years, however, vehicle aerodynamics gained increased attention, mainly due to the utilization of the negative lift (downforce) principle, yielding several important performance improvements. This review briefly explains the significance of the aerodynamic downforce and how it improves race car performance. After this short introduction various methods to generate downforce such as inverted wings, diffusers, and vortex generators are discussed. Due to the complex geometry of these vehicles, the aerodynamic interaction between the various body components is significant, resulting in vortex flows and lifting surface shapes unlike traditional airplane wings. Typical design tools such as wind tunnel testing, computational fluid dynamics, and track testing, and their relevance to race car development, are discussed as well. In spite of the tremendous progress of these design tools (due to better instrumentation, communication, and computational power), the fluid dynamic phenomenon is still highly nonlinear, and predicting the effect of a particular modification is not always trouble free. Several examples covering a wide range of vehicle shapes (e.g., from stock cars to open-wheel race cars) are presented to demonstrate this nonlinear nature of the flow field.

Katz, Joseph

2006-01-01

76

7 CFR 58.429 - Washing machine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Washing machine. 58.429 Section 58.429 Agriculture...Equipment and Utensils § 58.429 Washing machine. When used, the washing machine for cheese cloths and bandages shall be...

2013-01-01

77

SITE TECHNOLOGY CAPSULE: BIOGENESIS SOIL WASHING TECHNOLOGY  

EPA Science Inventory

Soil washing technologies are designed to transfer contaminants from soil to a liquid phase. The BloGenesis? soil washing technology uses a proprietary surfactant solution to transfer organic contaminants from soil to wastewater. The surfactant used in the soil washing process wa...

78

The Determinants of Price in Internet Auctions of Used Cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes how auction, seller, and product factors influence the price premium in an eBay used car auction market.\\u000a In auctions with at least one bid, the reputation of the seller, title status, and the time the auction ended influenced the\\u000a price premium on the highest bid. For auctions that resulted in a sale, cars with clear title and

Thomas Andrews; Cynthia Benzing

2007-01-01

79

Cars from the Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In some cities, especially large cities such as Los Angeles or Mexico City, visible air pollution is a major problem, both for human health and the environment. A variety of sources contribute to air pollution, but personal vehicles account for one of the main sources. Though each car has relatively low emissions when compared to vehicles of the 1970s, there are so many more cars on the road now that their emissions play a large role in overall pollution. In this activity, students think about alternate ways to power a vehicle to reduce emissions. Student teams design an eco-friendly car using the engineering design process, and make a presentation to showcase their product.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

80

14. CAR DUMP BUILDING, SOUTHWEST CORNER, VIEW SHOWING CABLE CAR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. CAR DUMP BUILDING, SOUTHWEST CORNER, VIEW SHOWING CABLE CAR #20 BENEATH COAL CHUTES - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

81

DETAIL VIEW OF BATCH CAR, BUILT BY ATLAS CAR & ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL VIEW OF BATCH CAR, BUILT BY ATLAS CAR & MANUFACTURING COMPANY. BATCH STORAGE SILOS IN BACKGROUND - Chambers Window Glass Company, Batch Plant, North of Drey (Nineteenth) Street, West of Constitution Boulevard, Arnold, Westmoreland County, PA

82

NASA: Newton Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This experiment demonstrates Newton's Second Law of Motion by showing the reaction of a rolling car to increased mass and initial velocity. Students build the vehicle out of wooden blocks, wood screws, rubber bands, matchsticks, and fishing sinkers. By doing repeated trials of the experiment, it will become clear that the distance the car travels depends on the number of rubber bands used and the mass of the block (mass is increased by adding sinkers). This resource was developed by the NASA Glenn Research Center Aerospace Education Services Project.

Project, Nasa G.

2005-02-07

83

Health of a team competing in the 1990 World Solar Car Challenge.  

PubMed Central

The health of a team participating in the 1990 World Solar Car Challenge was recorded for 10 of the 11 race days. Morbidity was collected during daily consultations with the team doctor and the diagnoses were later converted to the ICPC code. Team members' self-perceived health status was also recorded daily, using the Nottingham Health Profile. Team drivers consulted the doctor more often than the support staff and the three full-time drivers had significantly more diagnoses than the support staff. The Nottingham Health Profile scores on sleep, energy and emotional reactions showed correlations between higher minimum temperatures and sleep for all team members and for the three full-time drivers, there were significant correlations between increasing maximum temperatures and emotional reaction scores. The morbidity records and perceived health scores reflect the conditions of the race. Twenty-five per cent of full-time driver consultations dealt with skin, eyelid or finger infections probably caused by the lack of washing water. The scores on sleep and emotional reactions were affected by temperature and previous research reports degradation in concentration and dual tasks with increasing temperature. This may account for the difficulty some drivers had in continuing their shifts. Close supervision of the drivers and the recording of their perceived health status helped reduce the health problems of the team.

Moorhead, R G; Laurence, C

1992-01-01

84

Active Safety Evaluation in Car-to-Car Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently, the main purpose in car-to-car networks is to improve communication performance. In order to prove this, we need a tool to evaluate statistical values such as the number of vehicles that have received the information, time of reception of the message, etc. In this study, we demonstrate how it is possible to simulate real scenarios with car-to-car technology and

Juan Angel Ferreiro-Lage; Pablo Vazquez-Caderno; Juan Francisco Gálvez Gálvez; O. Rubios; F. Aguado-Agelet

2010-01-01

85

Car insurance and the risk of car crash injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite speculation about the role of vehicle insurance in road traffic accidents, there is little research estimating the direction or extent of the risk relationship. Data from the Auckland Car Crash Injury Study (1998–1999) were used to examine the association between driving an uninsured motor vehicle and car crash injury. Cases were all cars involved in crashes in which at

Stephanie Blows; Rebecca Q Ivers; Jennie Connor; Shanthi Ameratunga; Robyn Norton

2003-01-01

86

1. VARIABLEANGLE LAUNCHER CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VARIABLE-ANGLE LAUNCHER CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK WITH CAMERA STATION ABOVE LOOKING NORTH TAKEN FROM RESERVOIR. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

87

Towards a cooperating autonomous car  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the main challenges in engineering a cooperating autonomous car (we will refer to it as a CoopACar), presents possible approaches to the problem, and briefly describes a Cooperating Cars Simulator we are currently developing

Paulo Sousa; Paulo Ver ´ issimo

2002-01-01

88

Investigating Forces: Balloon car activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a guided inquiry-based lab that investigates forces exerted on a group of student-designed and engineered "balloon cars". Each group of students is then challenged to build a "balloon car" that travels a maximum distance.

89

Recycling the junk car  

Microsoft Academic Search

A systems approach to recycling junk cars as a major renewable resource is proposed, although this will require some legislative, technological, and economic changes. The volume of materials contained in automobiles makes them the major source of scrap steel, but recycling can also yield secondary supplies of zinc, copper, aluminum, rubber, and plastics. Economic considerations have historically singled out scrap

Harwood

1977-01-01

90

Modeling the Mousetrap Car  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Many high school and introductory college physics courses make use of mousetrap car projects and competitions as a way of providing an engaging hands-on learning experience incorporating Newton's laws, conversion of potential to kinetic energy, dissipative forces, and rotational mechanics. Presented here is a simple analytical and finite element…

Jumper, William D.

2012-01-01

91

AAP Updates Recommendations on Car Seats  

MedlinePLUS

... Car Seats News Listen AAP Updates Recommendations on Car Seats Article Body Children should ride rear-facing ... of approved car safety seats. Healthy Children Radio: Car Seat Safety Dennis Durbin, MD, FAAP, lead author ...

92

Plant dispersal by motor cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mud from a car driving more than 15 000 km in the growing season of 1986 in the area surrounding Göttingen (FRG) was sampled systematically to assess the size and nature of the car-borne flora. The sludge from front and back mudguards, wheels and other lower parts of the car was set out for germination in a greenhouse. Until the

W. Schmidt

1989-01-01

93

Chem-E-Car Downunder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents the Chem-E-Car competition in which students build a small car powered by a chemical reaction. Focuses on a controlled chemical reaction in which the car travels a required specific distance and stops. Requires participants to prepare poster presentations. (YDS)|

Rhodes, Martin

2002-01-01

94

Chem-E-Car Downunder.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the Chem-E-Car competition in which students build a small car powered by a chemical reaction. Focuses on a controlled chemical reaction in which the car travels a required specific distance and stops. Requires participants to prepare poster presentations. (YDS)

Rhodes, Martin

2002-01-01

95

Fatal Car Occupant Injuries after Car Lorry Collisions  

PubMed Central

All deaths from road accidents in certain areas and periods were studied. Analysis of 224 deaths to car occupants from collisions between cars and lorries showed that such accidents were the commonest cause of death for car occupants on motorways and link roads. The impacts were such that relatively poor protection could be given by occupant restraint systems. Collisions of cars into the rear of lorries caused the most severe injuries; most of these accidents occurred at night. The traffic characteristics of cars and lorries are largely incompatible and increase the likelihood of collisions and of extremely severe injuries to car occupants. Some reduction in deaths may be expected from making lorries more conspicuous and eliminating the rear overhang. More fundamental measures are segregation of lorries from cars and return of traffic to railways. ImagesFIG. 1FIG. 2FIG. 3

Gissane, William; Bull, John

1973-01-01

96

CuseCar - Community Car-Sharing Program: Car Sharing Lessons Learned.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

CuseCar of Syracuse launched services in December 2008 with 3 Toyota Prius Hybrids. CuseCar initially, due to concerns about availability, limited membership to Origination Sponsor Locations, which in turn developed few members. In 2009 CuseCar opened to ...

S. Stephens

2011-01-01

97

New developments in clinical CARS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We combined two-photon fluorescence and coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) imaging in a clinical hybrid multiphoton tomograph for in vivo imaging of human skin. The clinically approved TPEF/CARS system provides simultaneous imaging of endogenous fluorophores and non-fluorescent lipids. The Stokes laser for the two-beam configuration of CARS is based on spectral broadening of femtosecond laser pulses in a photonic crystal fiber (PCF). We report on the highly flexible medical TPEF/CARS tomograph MPTflex®-CARS with an articulated arm and first in vivo measurements on human skin.

Weinigel, Martin; Breunig, Hans Georg; Kellner-Höfer, Marcel; Bückle, Rainer; Darvin, Maxim; Lademann, Juergen; König, Karsten

2013-02-01

98

Short communication: Automatic washing of hooves can help control digital dermatitis in dairy cows.  

PubMed

The objectives of this study were to develop and test a system for automatic washing of the hooves of dairy cows and to evaluate the effect of frequent automatic washing on the prevalence of digital dermatitis (DD). An automatic hoof washer was developed in an experimental dairy herd and tested in 6 commercial dairy herds in 2 experiments (1 and 2). In the experimental herd, automatic hoof washing resulted in cleaner hooves. In experiments 1 and 2, cows were washed after each milking on the left side only, leaving the right side unwashed as a within-cow control. In experiment 1, hooves were washed with a water and 0.4% soap solution. In experiment 2, hooves were washed with water only. In each experiment, DD was scored in a hoof-trimming chute approximately 60 d after the start of hoof washing. Data were analyzed using a generalized linear mixed model. The outcome was the DD status of each leg (DD positive or DD negative). Herd and cow within herd were included as random effects, and treatment (washing or control) was included as a fixed effect. The statistical analyses showed that the odds ratio of having DD was 1.48 in the control leg compared with the washed leg in experiment 1. In experiment 2, the odds ratio of having DD was 1.27 in the control leg compared with the washed leg. We concluded that automatic washing of hooves with water and soap can help decrease the prevalence of DD in commercial dairy herds. PMID:23063150

Thomsen, Peter T; Ersbøll, Annette Kjær; Sørensen, Jan Tind

2012-10-11

99

San Francisco Cable Car Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Celebrated in American film, song, and popular legend, the San Francisco cable car gets its full due on this well honed site devoted to the history and operation of this cherished form of transportation. Beginning with a virtual tour of the Cable Car Museum, the site contains a full roster of current San Francisco cable cars and a detailed explanation of how a cable car works. Probably the strongest aspect of the site is the sheer amount of visual material available here, including over 150 photos that relate the history of the cable car system and continue on to the present day. Recent additions to the site include a collection of historic cable car transfers and information about a new book on cable cars in San Francisco.

2002-01-01

100

Hydraulic motor for cars  

SciTech Connect

A hydraulic motor for a car is described comprising, in combination, an automotive vehicle engine for travel self-propulsion, including a block, a plurality of cylinders in the block, a piston slidable in each cylinder, a crankshaft in the block, a piston rod connected between the crankshaft and each of the pistons, a power take-off gear on the crankshaft for the travel self-propulsion, and the engine including a hydraulic means for driving the pistons in the cylinders.

Gagnon, D.C.

1986-09-02

101

Usability of car stereo.  

PubMed

Automotive sound systems vary widely in terms of functions and way of use between different brands and models what can bring difficulties and lack of consistency to the user. This study aimed to analyze the usability of car stereo commonly found in the market. Four products were analyzed by task analysis and after use reports and the results indicate serious usability issues with respect to the form of operation, organization, clarity and quality of information, visibility and readability, among others. PMID:22317617

Razza, Bruno Montanari; Paschoarelli, Luis Carlos

2012-01-01

102

1993 New Car Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This dataset, created by Robin H. Locke of St. Lawrence University, describes 93 new cars for the 1993 model year with 26 variables, including price, mpg ratings, and engine size. It also illustrates a broad range of statistical techniques such as box-whisker plot, confidence intervals, difference in means, one-way ANOVA, contingency table, scatterplot, regression, and correlation. If further research is required the author has included a list of references.

Lock, Robin H.

2009-02-11

103

Evaluation of detergents for washing fabrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various methods are used today to check the washing effect of detergents. They differ mainly in whether the cleaning assessment\\u000a is determined by the use of artificially soiled test fabrics, anonymous naturally soiled laundry in a single wash test, or\\u000a new family bundles in multiple use and wash test series. Correlation of the information based on the actual field behavior

H. Krüssmann

1978-01-01

104

Transportation & Work: Exploring Car Usage and Employment Outcomes in the LSAL Data. NCSALL Occasional Paper  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This analysis addresses the role of car usage in employment outcomes such as employment status, average weekly wages, and weeks worked per year. It postulates that car ownership is an important employment tool for adults of low educational attainment in Portland, even in the context of other factors such as social networks/resources (social…

Sullivan, Kerri

2003-01-01

105

Ridgecrest Wash Channel, Kern County, California.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Ridgecrest Wash Channel project is located in Kern County, California, approximately 1/2 mile westerly and northerly of the city of Ridgecrest. The proposed project is to provide protection against damage caused by flood from Ridgecrest Wash in El Pas...

1971-01-01

106

Sodium wash station operational testing report  

SciTech Connect

This document provides the test report for the Operability Test Procedure (OTP) performed on the Westinghouse Hanford Company developed Sodium Wash Station. The purpose of the Sodium Wash Station is to provide the capability to control and monitor the water vapor nitrogen reaction of sodium remaining in drained tanks and other components.

Knotek, H.M.

1996-10-01

107

WASH SOLVENT REUSE IN PAINT PRODUCTION  

EPA Science Inventory

This project evaluated solvent used to clean paint manufacture equipment for its utility in production of subsequent batches of solvent-borne paint. eusing wash solvent would reduce the amount of solvent disposed of as waste. he evaluation of this wash-solvent recovery technology...

108

Washing withstand voltage tests on station insulators  

Microsoft Academic Search

An investigation was undertaken to determine the cause of flashovers on semi-conducting glaze (also called resistive glaze) station post insulators produced by two different manufacturers, that were experienced by Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) during pressure washing in the Moss Landing Substation. The insulators that flashed were being struck by over spray water caused during washing of adjacent insulators.

Ron Sharp; Seigo Yokoi; Masahiro Akizuki; Jeff Burnham

2001-01-01

109

Contaminant resorption during soil washing  

SciTech Connect

To evaluate the applicability of soil washing to a specific site requires some basic research in how contaminants are bound. Much can be learned from sequential extraction methodology based on micronutrient bioavailability studies wherein the soil matrix is chemically dissected to selectively remove particular fixation mechanisms independently. This procedure uses a series of progressively more aggressive solvents to dissolve the principle phases that make up a soil, however, the published studies do not appear to consider the potential for a contaminant released from one type of site to resorb on another site during an extraction. This physical model assumes no ion exchange or adsorption at sites either previously occupied by other ions, or exposed by the dissolution. Therefore, to make engineering use of the sequential extraction data, the release of contamination must be evaluated relative to the effects of resorption. Time release studies were conducted to determine the optimum duration for extraction to maximize complete destruction of the target matrix fraction while minimizing contaminant resorption. Tests with and without a potassium brine present to inhibit cesium resorption indicated extraction efficiency could be enhanced by as much as a factor of ten using the brine.

Gombert, D.

1993-10-01

110

A fresh look at preoperative body washing.  

PubMed

National guidelines do not support preoperative body washing to reduce surgical site infections, instead recommending bathing or showering with soap. Yet preoperative body washing continues to be widely used in many hospitals across Europe. This paper suggests that existing trials of preoperative body washing, upon which guidelines are based, are dated and proposes a new investigation of preoperative body washing using modern definitions of surgical site infection with standardised patient follow up, modern surgical techniques and well designed trials. This paper provides a critique of existing guidelines and describes a randomised trial with 60 participants to compare the effect of soap and two antiseptic washing products on colony forming units (CFUs) for up to six hours. Chlorhexidine gluconate and octenidine were significantly more effective than soap in reducing CFUs in the underarm, and chlorhexidine was significantly more effective than soap in reducing CFUs in the groin. PMID:22448182

Tanner, Judith; Gould, Dinah; Jenkins, Philip; Hilliam, Rachel; Mistry, Neetesh; Walsh, Susannah

2012-01-01

111

A fresh look at preoperative body washing  

PubMed Central

National guidelines do not support preoperative body washing to reduce surgical site infections, instead recommending bathing or showering with soap. Yet preoperative body washing continues to be widely used in many hospitals across Europe. This paper suggests that existing trials of preoperative body washing, upon which guidelines are based, are dated and proposes a new investigation of preoperative body washing using modern definitions of surgical site infection with standardised patient follow up, modern surgical techniques and well designed trials. This paper provides a critique of existing guidelines and describes a randomised trial with 60 participants to compare the effect of soap and two antiseptic washing products on colony forming units (CFUs) for up to six hours. Chlorhexidine gluconate and octenidine were significantly more effective than soap in reducing CFUs in the underarm, and chlorhexidine was significantly more effective than soap in reducing CFUs in the groin.

Tanner, Judith; Gould, Dinah; Jenkins, Philip; Hilliam, Rachel; Mistry, Neetesh; Walsh, Susannah

2012-01-01

112

Plastic Race Car Competition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video, presented by WGBH, looks at a high school outreach program to get students interested in plastic manufacturing by having them make plastic race cars. The students go through the entire process of design from both technical and hands-on perspectives. This video also serves as an overview of the different types of plastic manufacturing processes that are utilized in the industry. This video would be great for anyone interested in plastic manufacturing, or just looking to learn a little bit more about it. Educators will also find a background essay, discussion questions, and standards alignment for the material. Running time for the video is 4:32.

2010-10-05

113

Viability and functional integrity of washed platelets  

SciTech Connect

The viability and functional integrity of saline- and ACD-saline-washed platelets were compared with those of unwashed platelets. After template bleeding time (TBT) was measured, 15 healthy volunteers underwent plateletpheresis and ingested 600 mg of aspirin. Autologous /sup 111/In-labeled platelets were transfused: unwashed (n = 5), washed with 0.9 percent saline solution (SS) (n = 5), and washed with a buffered 12.6 percent solution of ACD-A in 0.9 percent saline solution (n = 5). After transfusion, we measured TBT at 1, 4, and 24 hours; platelet survival at 10 minutes and 1, 4, and 24 hours and daily for 6 days; and the percentage of uptake in liver and spleen by quantitative whole-body radionuclide scintigraphy at 24 and 190 hours. We found that saline washing affected platelet recovery, 23.47 +/- 12 percent (p less than 0.001) as compared to 52.43 +/- 17 percent (p less than 0.002) for ACD-saline and 73.17 +/- 8 percent for control; that saline washing resulted in a greater liver uptake than control and ACD-saline-washed platelets (31.9 +/- 8% (p less than 0.001) vs 17.7 +/- 4.1 and 19.3 +/- 2.1% (p greater than 0.1), respectively); that, unlike control and ACD-saline-washed platelets, saline-washed platelets did not shorten bleeding time; and that neither type of washing affected survival. Although ACD-saline washing affects recovery, it also results in intact function, normal survival, higher recovery than SS platelets, and no significant liver uptake.

Pineda, A.A.; Zylstra, V.W.; Clare, D.E.; Dewanjee, M.K.; Forstrom, L.A.

1989-07-01

114

Probe Car System based Traffic Information Service Experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper introduces the experiment of traffic information service based on probe car system in Beijing of China. It is sponsored by JETRO of Japan, for the protection of environment like deceasing energy consuming and air pollution. About 2000 taxies running on roads send GPS and other status data in real time to the data base of the taxi dispatching

Wenjia Wang; Wei Lu; Hiroaki Mizuta; Gang Wang; Yong Du; Wentao Liu; Xiaochun Tang

2006-01-01

115

Fuzzy control for platoons of smart cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

An additive fuzzy system can control the throttle of cars in single lane platoons. The system used fuzzy controllers for velocity control and gap control. Fuzzy controllers create, maintain, and divide platoons on the highway. Each car's controller uses data from its car and the car in front of it. Cars drop back during platoon maneuvers to avoid the “slinky

Julie Dickerson; Hyun Mun Kim; Bart Kosko

1994-01-01

116

Welfare Effects of Distortionary Company Car Taxation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Europe, company cars are offered by employers as fringe benefits to their employees at a lower price than employees pay in the car market, mainly due to favourable taxation of company cars. We analyse the welfare effects of favourable taxation of company cars for the Netherlands. The estimated annual welfare costs of the distortionary taxation of company cars are

Eva Gutiérrez-i-Puigarnau; Jos van Ommeren

2007-01-01

117

Car-Sharing and Car-Pooling: A Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A literature review has been undertaken to assess the possible benefits and disbenefits of car-pooling and car-sharing in Britain. Relevant factors are identified and suggestions are made for gathering more information and conducting further studies. An A...

G. R. Green

1978-01-01

118

54. VAL COUNTERWEIGHT CAR DURING CONSTRUCTION SHOWING CAR FRAME, WHEEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

54. VAL COUNTERWEIGHT CAR DURING CONSTRUCTION SHOWING CAR FRAME, WHEEL ASSEMBLIES AND METAL REINFORCING, December 19, 1947. (Original photograph in possession of Dave Willis, San Diego, California.) - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Variable Angle Launcher, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

119

Comparison of car ownership models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Car ownership models found in the academic literature (with a focus on the recent literature and on models developed for transport planning) are classified into a number of model types. The different model types are compared on a number of criteria: inclusion of demand and supply side of the car market, level of aggregation, dynamic or static model, long? or

GERARD DE JONG; JAMES FOX; ANDREW DALY; MARITS PIETERS; REMKO SMIT

2004-01-01

120

Queuing Model for Car Passing.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A model is developed for the flow of automobiles in one direction along a two-lane, country road. The model takes into account the fact that cars differ in speed, that slower cars accumulate queues behind them, and that the rate of escape from such a queu...

H. J. Yaffe P. M. Morse

1970-01-01

121

PASSENGER CAR HYDROCARBON EMISSIONS SPECIATION  

EPA Science Inventory

Emission factors for over 60 individual hydrocarbon compounds were determined for four passenger cars. The cars included a 1963 Chevrolet, a 1977 Mustang, and 1978 Monarch, and 1979 LTD II. The speciation data is reported for both tailpipe and evaporative emissions. The tailpipe ...

122

Gestures and Speech in Cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Haptic use of infotainment (information and entertainment) systems in cars, de- flect the driver from his primary task, the driving. Therefore we need new Human- Machine Interfaces (HMI), which do not require the driver's full attention, for controlling infotainment systems in cars. Gestures, speech and sounds provide an intuitive addition for existing haptical controls in automotive environments. While sounds are

Uli Reissner

123

Science Nation: Cars Without Drivers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Imagine a car that can drive itself, that knows the rules of the road, where to go and how to get there safely! Sound farfetched? Not for the robot wizards at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). They call their car with a brain, 'Boss.' And yes, it does drive itself.

124

Car pooling / ride sharing project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A car pooling scheme known as Easy Share was developed using a computer program to match car trips so that ride sharing becomes an option for a community as a means of reducing transport costs and conserving energy. The study also considered factors which...

R. Trayford J. Marshall

1995-01-01

125

TANK 7 CHARACTERIZATION AND WASHING STUDIES  

SciTech Connect

A 3-L PUREX sludge sample from Tank 7 was characterized and then processed through a series of inhibited water washes to remove oxalate, sodium, and other soluble ions. Current plans use Tank 7 as one of the feed sources for Sludge Batch 7 (SB7). Tank 7 is high in oxalate due to the oxalic acid cleaning of the sludge heels from Tanks 5 and 6 and subsequent transfer to Tank 7. Ten decant and nine wash cycles were performed over a 47 day period at ambient temperature. Initially, seven decants and seven washes were completed based on preliminary estimates of the number of wash cycles required to remove the oxalate in the sludge. After reviewing the composition data, SRNL recommended the completion of 2 or 3 more decant/wash cycles to ensure all of the sodium oxalate had redissolved. In the first 7 washes, the slurry oxalate concentration was 12,300 mg/kg (69.6% oxalate removal compared to 96.1% removal of the other soluble ions). After all ten decants were complete, the slurry oxalate concentration was 3,080 mg/kg (89.2% oxalate removal compared to 99.0% of the other soluble ions). The rate of dissolution of oxalate increased significantly with subsequent washes until all of the sodium oxalate had been redissolved after seven decant/wash cycles. The measured oxalate concentrations agreed very well with LWO predictions for washing of the Tank 7 sample. Highlights of the analysis and washing of the Tank 7 sample include: (1) Sodium oxalate was detected in the as-received filtered solids. 95% of the oxalate was insoluble (undissolved) in the as-received slurry. (2) No sodium oxalate was detected in the post-wash filtered solids. (3) Sodium oxalate is the last soluble species that redissolves during washing with inhibited water. In order to significantly reduce the sodium oxalate concentration, the sludge must be highly washed, leaving the other soluble anions and cations (including sodium) very low in concentration. (4) The post-wash slurry had 1% of the soluble anions and cations remaining, with the exception of sodium and oxalate, for which the percentages were 2.8% and 10.8% respectively. The post-wash sodium concentration was 9.25 wt% slurry total solids basis and 0.15 M supernate. (5) The settling rate of slurry was very fast allowing the completion of one decant/wash cycle each day. (6) The measured yield stress of as-received (6.42 wt% undissolved solids) and post-wash (7.77 wt% undissolved solids) slurry was <1 Pa. For rapidly settling slurries, it can be hard to measure the yield stress of the slurry so this result may be closer to the supernate result than the slurry. The recommended strategy for developing the oxalate target for sludge preparation for Sludge Batch 7 includes the following steps: (1) CPC simulant testing to determine the percent oxalate destruction and acid mix needed to produce a predicted redox of approximately 0.2 Fe{sup +2}/{Sigma}Fe in a SME product while meeting all DWPF processing constraints. (2) Perform a DWPF melter flammability assessment to ensure that the additional carbon in the oxalate together with other carbon sources will not lead to a flammability issue. (3) Perform a DWPF glass paper assessment to ensure the glass produced will meet all DWPF glass limits due to the sodium concentration in the sludge batch. The testing would need to be repeated if a significant CPC processing change, such as an alternative reductant to formic acid, is implemented.

Lambert, D.; Pareizs, J.; Click, D.

2010-02-04

126

Car versus bicycle: conclusion.  

PubMed

A 58-year-old man was riding his bicycle and was struck by a car. He was ejected and landed on his back on the pavement of the roadway. He complained of severe pain in his lower back and sacral area. Ground emergency medical services (EMS) arrived to find a pale, diaphoretic man who was alert but in distress. His medical history was negative, and he was taking no medications. The initial heart rate was 130 beats/minute, and the blood pressure was 70 mmHg by palpation. A helicopter air ambulance was requested from the rural scene location to transport the patient to a trauma center. The physical examination by the flight crew demonstrated the patient had not changed from the original EMS assessment, despite the administration of 1 L normal saline intravenously. There were no apparent injuries to his head, neck, chest, or extremities. PMID:19896575

Ross, David W; Wichman, Carol; Mackinnon, Mike

127

The "nuclear car wash": a scanner to detect illicit special nuclear material in cargo containers  

SciTech Connect

There is an urgent need to improve the reliability of screening cargo containers for illicit nuclear material that may be hidden there for terrorist purposes. A screening system is described for detection of fissionable material hidden in maritime cargo containers. The system makes use of a low intensity neutron beam for producing fission; and the detection of the abundant high-energy {gamma} rays emitted in the {beta}-decay of short-lived fission products and {beta}-delayed neutrons. The abundance of the delayed {gamma} rays is almost an order of magnitude larger than that of the delayed neutrons normally used to detect fission and they are emitted on about the same time scale as the delayed neutrons, i.e., {approx}1 min. The energy and temporal distributions of the delayed {gamma} rays provide a unique signature of fission. Because of their high energy, these delayed {gamma} rays penetrate low-Z cargoes much more readily than the delayed neutrons. Coupled with their higher abundance, the signal from the delayed {gamma} rays escaping from the container is predicted to be as much as six decades more intense than the delayed neutron signal, depending upon the type and thickness of the intervening cargo. The {gamma} rays are detected in a large array of scintillators located along the sides of the container as it is moved through them. Measurements have confirmed the signal strength in somewhat idealized experiments and have also identified one interference when 14.5 MeV neutrons from the D, T reaction are used for the interrogation. The interference can be removed easily by the appropriate choice of the neutron source.

Slaughter, D R; Accatino, M R; Bernstein, A; Dougan, A D; Hall, J M; Loshak, A; Manatt, D R; Pohl, B A; Prussin, S G; Walling, R S; Weirup, D L

2004-01-28

128

The nuclear car wash: A system to detect nuclear weapons in commercial cargo shipments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A concept for detecting the presence of special nuclear material (235U or 239Pu) concealed in intermodal cargo containers has been developed, studied, and recent performance results are described. It is based on interrogation with a pulsed beam of 3 7 MeV neutrons that produce fission events and subsequent detection of their ?-delayed neutron emission or ?-delayed high-energy ?-radiation reveals the presence of fissionable material. Fission product ?-delayed ?-rays above 3 MeV are nearly 10 times more abundant than ?-delayed neutrons and are distinct from natural radioactivity and from nearly all of the induced activity in a normal cargo. Detector backgrounds and potential interferences with the fission signature radiation have been identified and quantified. Their impact on detection sensitivity is relatively minor and can be addressed readily. Components of a simple laboratory prototype have been assembled, tested with the most challenging cargo threat scenarios, and results compared to computer simulations. Preliminary results will be presented.

Slaughter, D. R.; Accatino, M. R.; Bernstein, A.; Biltoft, P.; Church, J. A.; Descalle, M. A.; Hall, J. M.; Manatt, D. R.; Mauger, G. J.; Moore, T. L.; Norman, E. B.; Petersen, D. C.; Pruet, J. A.; Prussin, S. G.

2007-08-01

129

Clinical multiphoton and CARS microscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on clinical CARS imaging of human skin in vivo with the certified hybrid multiphoton tomograph CARSDermaInspect. The CARS-DermaInspect provides simultaneous imaging of non-fluorescent intradermal lipid and water as well as imaging of two-photon excited fluorescence from intrinsic molecules. Two different excitation schemes for CARS imaging have been realized: In the first setup, a combination of fs oscillator and optical parametric oscillator provided fs-CARS pump and Stokes pulses, respectively. In the second setup a fs oscillator was combined with a photonic crystal fiber which provided a broadband spectrum. A spectral range out of the broadband-spectrum was selected and used for CARS excitation in combination with the residual fs-oscillator output. In both setups, in addition to CARS, single-beam excitation was used for imaging of two-photon excited fluorescence and second harmonic generation signals. Both CARS-excitation systems were successfully used for imaging of lipids inside the skin in vivo.

Breunig, H. G.; Weinigel, M.; Darvin, M. E.; Lademann, J.; König, K.

2012-02-01

130

Safety upgrades plug car leaks  

SciTech Connect

To lessen the chance of a chemical leak occurring during rail transport, some companies are improving tank car sturdiness and safety by adding such features as top-loading valves, on-board monitoring devices, and thicker, more impact-resistant hulls. Results include a dramatic drop in the number of rail incidents and leak tank cars. Chemicals Division of Olin Corporation (Stamford, Connecticut) has assigned its name to a new fleet of chlorine, caustic soda and toluene diisocyanate (TDI) tank cars. Each car carries the company's Care[trademark]Car registered trademark. The upgrade is part of a company-wide quality improvement process started in 1986. The company requires acoustic emissions (AE) testing on all hazardous materials tank cars. If an area has a defect, it expands and makes a slight sound when subjected to stress. In an AE test, cars are subject to simulated bumps and jolts as in rail shipment. Electronic sensors transfer any stress noises onto a computer screen, where an operator can pinpoint the trouble source.

Not Available

1993-08-01

131

["Moon-cars" are dangerous].  

PubMed

We investigated the number and seriousness of moon-car accidents in our region (a moon-car is a toy-vehicle, see Fig. 1). The study was retrospective combined with a telephone-interview. Forty-seven patients were seen in the emergency room after a moon-car accident in the period 1/1 1990-31/12 95. There were 12 fractures, including five fractures of the tibial shaft and one supracondylar humeral fracture which was operated. There were 17 wounds, 14 of which were sutured. Seventeen patients had distorsions/contusions, three cases of head contusions (observed for concussion) and two with teeth damages. We found that the number of moon-car accidents is increasing (13 patients the last year), and that the accidents are not only minor. New rules in day care centres should be able to especially limit the number of more serious accidents. PMID:9599554

Herold, N; Knudsen, L M; Røck, N D

1998-04-27

132

Getting More Mileage out of Mousetrap Cars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Building and racing mousetrap cars is a common activity in many eighth- and ninth-grade physical science classrooms. However, once students have raced their cars, most mousetrap assignments come to an end. In this article, the authors developed a project to help teachers get more mileage out of mousetrap cars. The Mousetrap Car Project addresses…

Rutherford, Sandra; Wylo, Bonnie

2004-01-01

133

Art Cars: Transformations of the Mundane  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The automobile itself is often understood as an extension of oneself, where individuals may manipulate the interior and exterior of cars and trucks, decorating them through detailing, stickers, custom colors, and so on. Others go further and change their cars into unique works of art called art cars. Such cars break away from the banality of mass…

Stienecker, Dawn

2010-01-01

134

The role of advertising and the car  

Microsoft Academic Search

There currently exists some sort of consensus that the present level of increase in demand for cars and car usage cannot continue without congestion and major problems for the environment. Yet persuading people to think differently about car transport may be difficult. The car has inherent advantages over other forms of transport, and, perhaps more importantly, it has some sort

Gordon Stokes; Sharon Hallett

1992-01-01

135

Getting More Mileage out of Mousetrap Cars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building and racing mousetrap cars is a common activity in many eighth- and ninth-grade physical science classrooms. However, once students have raced their cars, most mousetrap assignments come to an end. In this article, the authors developed a project to help teachers get more mileage out of mousetrap cars. The Mousetrap Car Project addresses…

Rutherford, Sandra; Wylo, Bonnie

2004-01-01

136

49 CFR 174.615 - Cleaning cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cleaning cars. 174.615 Section 174.615 Transportation...Poisonous) Materials § 174.615 Cleaning cars. (a) [Reserved] (b) After...poisonous) materials are unloaded from a rail car, that car must be thoroughly cleaned...

2012-10-01

137

49 CFR 174.615 - Cleaning cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cleaning cars. 174.615 Section 174.615 Transportation...Poisonous) Materials § 174.615 Cleaning cars. (a) [Reserved] (b) After...poisonous) materials are unloaded from a rail car, that car must be thoroughly cleaned...

2011-10-01

138

CARS thermometry in high temperature gradients  

Microsoft Academic Search

CARS is an effective non-intrusive technique for measuring gas temperature in combustion environments. In regions of high temperature gradient, however, the CARS signal is complicated by contributions from gas at different temperature. This paper examines theoretically the uncertainty associated with CARS thermometry in steep temperature gradients. In addition, the work compares the temperature predicted from CARS with the adiabatic mixed

J. Y. Zhu; D. Dunn-Rankin

1993-01-01

139

CARS applications to combustion diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Attention is given to broadband or multiplex CARS of combustion processes, using pulsed lasers whose intensity is sufficiently great for instantaneous measurement of medium properties. This permits probability density functions to be assembled from a series of single-pulse measurements, on the basis of which the true parameter average and the magnitude of the turbulent fluctuations can be ascertained. CARS measurements have been conducted along these lines in diesel engines, gas turbine combustors, scramjets, and solid rocket propellants.

Eckbreth, Alan C.

1986-01-01

140

Washing of waste prior to landfilling.  

PubMed

The main impact produced by landfills is represented by the release of leachate emissions. Waste washing treatment has been investigated to evaluate its efficiency in reducing the waste leaching fraction prior to landfilling. The results of laboratory-scale washing tests applied to several significant residues from integrated management of solid waste are presented in this study, specifically: non-recyclable plastics from source separation, mechanical-biological treated municipal solid waste and a special waste, automotive shredded residues. Results obtained demonstrate that washing treatment contributes towards combating the environmental impacts of raw wastes. Accordingly, a leachate production model was applied, leading to the consideration that the concentrations of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TKN), parameters of fundamental importance in the characterization of landfill leachate, from a landfill containing washed wastes, are comparable to those that would only be reached between 90 and 220years later in the presence of raw wastes. The findings obtained demonstrated that washing of waste may represent an effective means of reducing the leachable fraction resulting in a consequent decrease in landfill emissions. Further studies on pilot scale are needed to assess the potential for full-scale application of this treatment. PMID:22245736

Cossu, Raffaello; Lai, Tiziana

2012-01-15

141

Immersion freezing of birch pollen washing water  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present study, the immersion freezing behavior of birch pollen, i.e. its ice nucleating active (INA) macromolecules, was investigated at the Leipzig Aerosol Cloud Interaction Simulator (LACIS). For that, washing water of two different birch pollen samples with different regional origin (Northern birch and Southern birch) were used. The immersion freezing of droplets generated from the pollen washing water was already observed at temperatures higher than -20 °C, for both samples. Main differences between the Northern birch pollen and the Southern birch pollen were obvious in a temperature range, between -18 °C and -24 °C, where the ice fraction increased with decreasing temperature. There, the Northern birch pollen washing water featured two different slopes, with one being steeper and one being similar to the slope of the Southern birch pollen washing water. As we assume single INA macromolecules being the reason for the ice nucleation, we concluded that the Northern birch pollen are able to produce at least two different types of INA macromolecules. We were able to determine the heterogeneous nucleation rates for both INA macromolecule types and so could explain the ice nucleation behavior of both, the Southern and the Northern birch pollen washing water.

Augustin, S.; Hartmann, S.; Pummer, B.; Grothe, H.; Niedermeier, D.; Clauss, T.; Voigtländer, J.; Tomsche, L.; Wex, H.; Stratmann, F.

2012-12-01

142

Technical bases DWPF Late Washing Facility  

SciTech Connect

A task force recommended that the technical feasibility of a Late Wash' facility be assessed [1]. In this facility, each batch of tetraphenylborate slurry from Tank 49 would be given a final wash to reduce the concentrations of nitrite and radiolysis products to acceptable levels. Laboratory-scale studies have demonstrated that d the nitrite content of the slurry fed to DWPF is reduced to 0.01 M or less (and at least a 4X reduction in concentration of the soluble species is attained), (1) the need for HAN during hydrolysis is eliminated (eliminating the production of ammonium ion during hydrolysis), (2) hydrolysis may be done with a catalyst concentration that will not exceed the copper solubility in glass and (3) the non-polar organic production during hydrolysis is significantly reduced. The first phase of an aggressive research and development program has been completed and all test results obtained to date support the technical feasibility of Late Washing. Paralleling this research and development effort is an aggressive design study directed by DWPF to scope and cost retrofitting the Auxiliary Pump Pit (APP) to enable performing a final wash of each batch of precipitate slurry before R is transferred into the DWPF Soft Processing Cell (SPC). An initial technical bases for the Late Wash Facility was transmitted to DWPF on June 15, 1992. Research and development activities are continuing directed principally at optimization of the cross-f low fitter decontamination methodology and pilot-scale validation of the recommended benzene stripping metodology.

Fish, D.L.; Landon, L.F.

1992-08-10

143

Soil washing enhancement with solid sorbents  

SciTech Connect

Soil washing is a dynamic, physical process that remediates contaminated soil through two mechanisms: particle size separation and transfer of the contaminant into the (mostly) liquid stream. The performance of different sorbents and additives to remove motor oil from sea sand was tested. Hydrocyclone, attrition scrubber, and froth flotation equipment were used for the decontamination study. Sorbents and additives were mixed with soils in the attrition scrubber prior to flotation. Sorbents used were granular activated carbon, powder activated carbon, and rubber tires. Chemical additives used were calcium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, Alconox{reg_sign}, Triton{reg_sign} X-100 and Triton{reg_sign} X-114. When a froth flotation run was performed using no additive, washed soils {open_quotes}tails{close_quotes} contained 4000 ppm of total oil and grease (TOG). However, when carbon or rubber (6% by weight) was added to the contaminated soils the washed soils {open_quotes}tails{close_quotes} contained 4000 ppm of total oil and grease (TOG). The addition of sodium carbonate or calcium hydroxide (6% by weight) had same effects as sorbents. In both cases washed soil {open_quotes}tails{close_quotes} contained total oil and grease of less than 1000 ppm. The use of these non-hazardous additives or sorbent can enhance the soil washing process and consequently saves on time (residence time in equipment design) required to achieve the target clean up levels. 18 refs., 12 figs.

El-Shoubary, Y.M. [Merck & Co., Somerset, NJ (United States); Woodmansee, D.E. [GE Corporate Research & Development, Schenectady, NY (United States)

1996-12-31

144

Lead removal via soil washing and leaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A soil washing and leaching process was tested for removing lead from soils. A soil-washing circuit, including size and gravity separations, was employed to remove the coarse metallic lead particles, while the leaching was applied to remove fine metallic lead particles and other lead species. The soil-washing tests proved that the metallic lead particles larger than 0.15 mm (100 mesh) could be effectively removed. The sodium-chloride-based leaching solution with ferric chloride or sodium hypochlorite as oxidants was adopted in the leaching. The leaching experimental results indicated that under the pH of 2 and Eh of 1,300 mV, the metallic lead particles smaller than 0.15 mm and other lead species can be dissolved in the leaching solution within 60 minutes.

Lin, H. K.; Man, X. D.; Walsh, D. E.

2001-12-01

145

Plutonium recovery from carbonate wash solutions  

SciTech Connect

Periodically higher than expected levels of plutonium are found in carbonate solutions used to wash second plutonium cycle solvent. The recent accumulation of plutonium in carbonate wash solutions has led to studies to determine the cause of that plutonium accumulation, to evaluate the quality of all canyon solvents, and to develop additional criteria needed to establish when solvent quality is acceptable. Solvent from three canyon solvent extraction cycles was used to evaluate technology required to measure tributyl phosphate (TBP) degradation products and was used to evaluate solvent quality criteria during the development of plutonium recovery processes. 1 fig.

Gray, J.H.; Reif, D.J.; Chostner, D.F.; Holcomb, H.P.

1991-12-31

146

49 CFR 173.314 - Compressed gases in tank cars and multi-unit tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...493-6229. (2) A tank car containing hydrogen chloride, refrigerated...additional requirements. (4) Tank cars containing hydrogen chloride, refrigerated...Special requirements for hydrogen. Each tank car must be...

2010-10-01

147

49 CFR 173.314 - Compressed gases in tank cars and multi-unit tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...493-6229. (2) A tank car containing hydrogen chloride, refrigerated...additional requirements. (4) Tank cars containing hydrogen chloride, refrigerated...Special requirements for hydrogen. Each tank car must be...

2009-10-01

148

Implementation of freight-car planned maintenance on CP Rail  

Microsoft Academic Search

CP Rail has adopted a planned maintenance practice for freight car maintenance. The benefits accruing from planned maintenance, besides lower costs of car maintenance, are expected to be a reduction in car bad orders, elimination of the shopping of loaded cars, reduced car switching in terminals, improved car availability\\/utilization, and a reduction in car leasing. Implementation of the new policy

J. Runeckles; L. C. Macorin

1989-01-01

149

CHEMICAL ANALYSES OF COMMERCIAL EGG WASH WATER  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Wash water was collected from the first (W1) and second (W2) egg washers in series in three different commercial facilities (Plants X, Y and Z) and evaluated for temperature, pH, chlorine, soluble iron (ferrous), total dissolved solids (TDS), total suspended solids (TSS), total Kjeldahl nitrogen (TK...

150

Platelet Activity in Washed Platelet Concentrates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Life-threatening anaphylaxis or febrile nonhemolytic transfusion reactions after transfusion of platelet con- centrates (PCs) is a serious clinical problem caused by the sensitizing of recipients to plasma components, such as immunoglobulin A, or by cytokines. There is a possible indication for washing of PCs in these throm- bocytopenic patients. However, only platelets that show activation after physiological stimulation are use-

Helge Schoenfeld; Manfred Muhm; Ulrich Doepfmer; Aristomenis Exadaktylos; Hartmut Radtke

2004-01-01

151

Rain Induced Pollutant Washing in Urban Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major problems in urban areas is the pollution of atmosphere, soil and water. The rain washes and cleanses the air and the land surface and then, as runoff, transports a variety of materials to the nearest receiving water body. The pollution generation in storm runoff is a very complex process. It is an accepted view that a

G. Del Giudice; A. Leopardi; M. Greco

152

[What pediatricians should know about car seats?: car safety seats].  

PubMed

In Argentina more than 7,000 people die each year due to traffic injuries. It is an endemic disease, a serious public health problem. There are evidence-based recommendations about how children should ride safety in cars; children through 8 years or 4 feet 9 inches cannot be fastened by the seat belt so they should ride in a child restraint system. These devices significantly reduce the chances of suffering serious injuries and fatalities. Although in our country the use of car safety seats is not yet legislated nor compulsory, pediatricians should recommend parents how and why to use them. PMID:23732352

Navarro, Lucas David

2013-06-01

153

Microsaccades generated during car driving.  

PubMed

Microsaccades together with drift and tremor are fixational eye movements that are generated when we try to fixate our gaze on a visual target. Besides their function in vision to prevent neural adaptation to unchanging retinal image, microsaccades have been studied in neuroscience as an indicator of attentional states for the last decade. Most of microsaccade researches have been conducted in unnatural laboratory environments, using controlled artificial visual stimuli. Thus, little is known about the characteristics of microsaccades in natural viewing conditions. Here we attempted to evaluate microsaccades during car driving condition in the aim of estimating driver's spatial attention. We demonstrate that microsaccades are generated during car driving, and the rate of microsaccade generation is modulated by road conditions such as appearance of pedestrians or/and other cars. PMID:24110146

Miki, Shuntaro; Hirata, Yutaka

2013-07-01

154

Observed smoking in cars: a method and differences by socioeconomic area  

PubMed Central

Objectives To establish a reproducible method to estimate he point prevalence of smoking and second?hand smoke (SHS) exposure in cars, and to compare this prevalence between two areas of contrasting socioeconomic status. Method A method involving two teams of observers was developed and evaluated. It involved observing 16?055 cars in Wellington, New Zealand. Two of the observation sites represented a high and a low area of deprivation (based on a neighbourhood deprivation index) and three were in the central city. Results A 4.1% point prevalence of smoking in cars was observed (95% confidence interval (CI) 3.8% to 4.4%). There was a higher prevalence of smoking in cars in the high deprivation area relative to the other sites, and particularly compared to the low deprivation area (rate ratio relative to the latter 3.2, 95% CI 2.6 to 4.0). Of cars with smoking, 23.7% had other occupants being exposed to SHS. Cars with smoking and other occupants were significantly more likely to have a window open (especially if the smoker was not the driver). The observation method developed was practical, and inter?observer agreement was high (? value for the “smoking seen in car” category 0.95). Conclusions Observational studies can be an effective way of investigating smoking in cars. The data from this survey suggest that smoking in cars occurs at a higher rate in relatively deprived populations and hence may contribute to health inequalities. Fortunately, there are a number of policy options for reducing SHS exposure in cars including mass media campaigns and laws for smoke?free cars.

Martin, Josh; George, Robert; Andrews, Kirsty; Barr, Peter; Bicknell, Derryn; Insull, Elizabeth; Knox, Carl; Liu, Jessie; Naqshband, Mumraiz; Romeril, Kate; Wong, Donny; Thomson, George; Wilson, Nick

2006-01-01

155

Driving kids to smoke? Children's reported exposure to smoke in cars and early smoking initiation.  

PubMed

The health risks associated with second hand smoke (SHS) are well-known. However, little is known about exposure to SHS in cars and risk of smoking uptake. This paper investigates the association between pre-adolescents reported exposure to smoking in cars and prevalence of early stage smoking activity. Data from Keeping Kids Smokefree baseline surveys of students were used to investigate smoking status and reported exposure to smoking in cars. Log binomial regression analyses were used to investigate if reported exposure to SHS in cars was associated with smoking prevalence. 83% of 5676 students invited took part. After controlling for all variables reported exposure to smoking in cars and homes were significantly associated with increased risk of initiated smoking (RR 1.87, 95% CI 1.43-2.44, and RR 1.5, 95% CI 1.13-1.97, respectively). Exposure to smoking in cars was substantially and significantly associated with risk of current smoking (RR 3.21, 95% CI 1.45-7.08). Early smoking uptake is associated with students' reported exposure to smoking in cars which confirms the importance of protecting children from SHS. Smoking in cars is under parental control and therefore modifiable. Moreover, children's reports of SHlS exposure offer a simple way of identifying families who can be targeted for tobacco control interventions. PMID:21733632

Glover, Marewa; Scragg, Robert; Min, Sandar; Kira, Anette; Nosa, Vili; McCool, Judith; Bullen, Chris

2011-06-22

156

First car-to-car crashes involving young adult drivers: main patterns and their relation to car and driver characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary objective of the study was to examine the relationship between patterns in car-to-car crashes involving young drivers and car and driver characteristics and the research design was a national register-based prospective cohort study. Individual records in a cohort born 1970 – 1972 are linked to road-traffic-crash data (1988 – 2000). Subjects' first police-registered two-car crash leading to severe or fatal injury (n = 4875)

L. Laflamme; M. Hasselberg; A. Kullgren; M. Vaez

2006-01-01

157

Comparison of the Laboratory Standard Washing Using CIPAC Washing Agent and the Domestic Washing on Three Recommended Types of Long-Lasting Insecticidal Mosquito Nets  

PubMed Central

Background One of the best ways to prevent malaria is the use of insecticide-treated bed nets. Manufacturers pursue easier, safer and more efficient nets. Hence, many studies on the efficacy and wash resistance using World Health Organization standards have been reported. The commonly used detergent is “Savon de Marseille”, because it closely resembles actually used soaps. At the 54th Collaborative International Pesticides Analytical Council (CIPAC) Technical Meeting in 2010, it was suggested to replace it by a standardized “CIPAC washing agent”. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference between a laboratory hand washing simulation using the CIPAC washing agent (method-1) and a domestic washing (method-2) on different bed nets, as well as the effect of the drying process on the release of active ingredient. Methods Interceptor®, Permanet®2.0 and Netprotect® nets were used in three treatments, each repeated 20 times. The first treatment included method-1 washing and indoor drying. The second treatment included method-2 washing and indoor drying. The third treatment used method-2 washing and UV-drying. The residual insecticide contents were determined using gas chromatography. Results The washing procedure and the number of washes have a significant effect on the release of active ingredient. Statistically, the two washing methods have the same effect on removing the active ingredient from the Interceptor® and Permanet®2.0 net, but a significantly different influence on the Netprotect® nets. The drying process has no significant effect on the insecticide. Conclusion Both washing procedures affected the amount of insecticide remaining on nets independently of the impregnation technology. The active ingredient decreases with the number of washing cycles following an exponential or logarithmic model for coated nets. The laboratory hand washing simulation had more impact on the decrease of active ingredient content of the Netprotect® nets. All net types seemed to be effectively protected against UV-light.

Ouattara, Jean Pierre Nableni; Louwagie, Johanna; Pigeon, Olivier; Spanoghe, Pieter

2013-01-01

158

Food worker hand washing practices: an observation study.  

PubMed

Improvement of food worker hand washing practices is critical to the reduction of foodborne illness and is dependent upon a clear understanding of current hand washing practices. To that end, this study collected detailed observational data on food worker hand washing practices. Food workers (n = 321) were observed preparing food, and data were recorded on specific work activities for which hand washing is recommended (e.g., food preparation, handling dirty equipment). Data were also recorded on hand washing behaviors that occurred in conjunction with these work activities. Results indicated that workers engaged in approximately 8.6 work activities per hour for which hand washing is recommended. However, workers made hand washing attempts (i.e., removed gloves, if worn, and placed hands in running water) in only 32% of these activities and washed their hands appropriately (i.e., removed gloves, if worn, placed hands in running water, used soap, and dried hands) in only 27% of these work activities. Attempted and appropriate hand washing rates varied by work activity--they were significantly higher in conjunction with food preparation than other work activities (46 versus < or = 37% for attempted hand washing; 41 versus < or = 30% for appropriate hand washing) and were significantly lower in conjunction with touching the body than other work activities (13 versus > or = 27% for attempted hand washing; 10 versus > or = 23% for appropriate hand washing). Attempted and appropriate hand washing rates were significantly lower when gloves were worn (18 and 16%) than when gloves were not worn (37 and 30%). These findings suggest that the hand washing practices of food workers need to be improved, glove use may reduce hand washing, and restaurants should consider reorganizing their food preparation activities to reduce the frequency with which hand washing is needed. PMID:17066921

Green, Laura R; Selman, Carol A; Radke, Vincent; Ripley, Danny; Mack, James C; Reimann, David W; Stigger, Tammi; Motsinger, Michelle; Bushnell, Lisa

2006-10-01

159

Evaluation of MOPAC'S Freight Car Scheduling System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report covers an evaluation of one of the concepts that has been developed to improve the efficiency of the nation's railroads and improve the productivity of the freight cars. The concept - Computerized Freight Car Scheduling (FCS) - was developed on...

E. J. Sierleja G. Pipas G. F. List

1981-01-01

160

Solar-Powered Car. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The work reported was to modify a commercially available electric vehicle to use power generated by solar cells. Besides the technical and financial aspects of constructing the car, media publicity and public showings of the car are discussed. (ERA citati...

D. Plank

1982-01-01

161

Solar-powered car. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work reported was to modify a commercially available electric vehicle to use power generated by solar cells. Besides the technical and financial aspects of constructing the car, media publicity and public showings of the car are discussed. (LEW)

Plank

1982-01-01

162

A Patrol Car Allocation Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer program has been designed for specifying the number of police patrol cars that should be on duty in each geographical command of a city at various times of day on each day of the week. The program is a synthesis of the best features of previous...

J. M. Chaiken P. Dormont

1976-01-01

163

A Car Driver's Cognition Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. Abstract There is a basic need in transportation planning and traffic engineering for developing and testing traffic models of different granularity. Although our major interest is the replication of traffic within larger areas, both the current research on traffic safety and the desire to improve the quality of microscopic simulations makes it necessary to deal with the car driver's

D. Krajzewicz; R. Kühne; P. Wagner

164

Pxr, car and drug metabolism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mechanisms that protect the body from a diverse array of harmful chemicals are also involved in drug metabolism, and can cause adverse drug–drug interactions. Two closely related orphan nuclear hormone receptors — the pregnane X receptor (PXR) and the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) — have recently emerged as transcriptional regulators of cytochrome P450 expression that couple xenobiotic exposure to oxidative

Steven A. Kliewer; Timothy M. Willson

2002-01-01

165

Symmetry in the Car Park  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the author presents a lesson on rotational symmetry which she developed for her students. The aim of the lesson was "to identify objects with rotational symmetry in the staff car park" and the success criteria were "pictures or sketches of at least six objects with different orders of rotation". After finding examples of…

Hancock, Karen

2007-01-01

166

Friction in a Moving Car  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an out-of-doors, partially unstructured experiment to determine the coefficient of friction for a moving car. Presents the equation which relates the coefficient of friction to initial velocity, distance, and time and gives sample computed values as a function of initial speed and tire pressure. (GS)

Goldberg, Fred M.

1975-01-01

167

Charging car for coke ovens  

Microsoft Academic Search

A coal-charging apparatus includes a charging car with charging bins to discharge coal through filling tubes into charging holes in the roof of an oven chamber. A feed-screw conveys coal from the bottom of a charging bin to a trough communicating with a fixed filling tube. A peripheral trough on the bottom of this tube is filled with sand or

H. Kwasnik; H. Piduch

1982-01-01

168

Tank Car Accident Data Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report presents the results of a study of accidents involving railroad tank cars. The study is part of an overall effort to provide improved safety of rail transportation at reduced life-cycle costs. A major goal of the study is to provide a technical...

M. E. Hazel

1991-01-01

169

The Speeding Car Design Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|All too often, one reads about high-speed police chases in pursuit of stolen cars that result in death and injury to people and innocent bystanders. Isn't there another way to accomplish the apprehension of the thieves that does not put people at such great risk? This article presents a classroom challenge to use technology to remotely shutdown…

Roman, Harry T.

2009-01-01

170

Restoring a Classic Electric Car  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One hundred years ago, automobiles were powered by steam, electricity, or internal combustion. Female drivers favored electric cars because, unlike early internal-combustion vehicles, they did not require a crank for starting. Nonetheless, internal-combustion vehicles came to dominate the industry and it's only in recent years that the electrics…

Kraft, Thomas E.

2012-01-01

171

Car Seat Recommendations for Children  

MedlinePLUS

... she is big enough to fit in a seat belt properly. For a seat belt to fit properly the lap belt must lie ... how to install the car seat using the seat belt or LATCH system; and check height and weight ...

172

The Speeding Car Design Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All too often, one reads about high-speed police chases in pursuit of stolen cars that result in death and injury to people and innocent bystanders. Isn't there another way to accomplish the apprehension of the thieves that does not put people at such great risk? This article presents a classroom challenge to use technology to remotely shutdown…

Roman, Harry T.

2009-01-01

173

Car Hits Boy on Bicycle  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article we present the fascinating reconstruction of an accident where a car hit a boy riding his bicycle. The boy dramatically flew several metres through the air after the collision and was injured, but made a swift and complete recovery from the accident with no long-term after-effects. Students are challenged to determine the speed of…

Ruiz, Michael J.

2005-01-01

174

The City and the Car  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social sciences have generally ignored the motor car and its awesome consequences for social life, especially in their analysis of the urban. Urban studies in particular has failed to consider the overwhelming impact of the automobile in transforming the time-space 'scapes' of the modern urban\\/suburban dweller. Focusing on forms of mobility into, across and through the city, we consider

Mimi Sheller; John Urry

2000-01-01

175

Friction in a Moving Car  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes an out-of-doors, partially unstructured experiment to determine the coefficient of friction for a moving car. Presents the equation which relates the coefficient of friction to initial velocity, distance, and time and gives sample computed values as a function of initial speed and tire pressure. (GS)|

Goldberg, Fred M.

1975-01-01

176

Robust control prevents car skidding  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author discusses a system of robust unilateral decoupling of car steering dynamics. Its effect is that the driver has to concern himself much less with disturbance attenuation. The important quick reaction to disturbance torques is done by the automatic feedback system. The yaw dynamics no longer interfere with the path-following task of the driver. The safety advantages have been

J. Ackermann

1997-01-01

177

Hydrogen Powered Car Control System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobile embedded systems belong among the typical applications of the distributed systems control in real time. An example of a mobile control system is the hydrogen powered prototype car control system. The proposal and realization of such distributed control system represents a demanding and complex task of real time control for track optimizing with minimal fuel consumption. Design and realization

Srovnal Vilem; Koziorek Jiri; Horak Bohumil; Adam George; Garani Georgia

2008-01-01

178

Aspects of hydrogen CARS thermometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The temperature of hydrogen in a graphite tube furnace has been determined using broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectroscopy. Significant laser-induced population changes were observed within the vibrational state manifold, whereas the rotational envelope in both fundamental and hot band remained unchanged.

R. Bombach; T. Gerber; B. Hemmerling; W. Hubschmid

1990-01-01

179

Salt Wash Field, Grand Country, Utah  

SciTech Connect

The Salt Wash field is located 15 miles southeast of Green River, Utah, in the Paradox fold and fault belt. The field was discovered in 1961 and has produced over 1.3 million bbl of oil and 11.6 billion ft[sup 3] of gas from the Mississippian Leadville LImestone. The average surface elevation is 4389 ft above sea level, and the depth to the top of the oil production is form 8500 to 8914 ft. Salt Wash field is an anticline with over 200 ft of closure on top of the Leadville. The producing zone is in the lower Leadville with intercrystalline and vuggy porosity developed in limestone and crystalline dolomitic limestone. The produced oil is a 50 to 53 API gravity crude with a 40[degrees]F pour point. The gas, a mixture of two sources, is predominately nitrogen (>70[sup [approximately

Morgan, C.D. (Utah Geological Survey, Salt Lake City, UT (United States))

1993-08-01

180

49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

2011-10-01

181

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2012-10-01

182

49 CFR 215.121 - Defective car body.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Defective car body. 215.121 Section 215.121 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Car Bodies § 215.121...

2012-10-01

183

49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

2012-10-01

184

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2011-10-01

185

Emotional needs of car buyers and emotional intent of car designers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the emotional intent of car buyers and designers in two related studies. The first study involved 179 Asian and European car owners from 10 countries who were interviewed in a survey. The results showed that several car design descriptors gave similar emotional associations in Europe and in Asia. Clearly, car owners look beyond functionality to consider emotional design

Martin G. Helander; Halimahtun M. Khalid; Tek Yong Lim; Hong Peng; Xi Yang

2012-01-01

186

Comparison of Respiratory Physiologic Features When Infants Are Placed in Car Safety Seats or Car Beds  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE.The objective of this study was to compare the respiratory physiologic features of healthy term infants placed in either a car bed or a car safety seat. METHODS.Within the first 1 week of life, 67 healthy term infants were recruited and assigned randomly to be monitored in either a car bed (33 infants) or a car safety seat (34 infants).

T. Bernard Kinane; Joan Murphy; Joel L. Bass; Michael J. Corwin

2006-01-01

187

Multidisciplinary Accident Investigation Case No. Mvd-15. Car/Car-Rearend-Frontend.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is an in-depth multidisciplinary investigation of a collision involving two cars. Car no. 1 struck the rearend of car no. 2. Car no. 1 attempted to apply brakes but they would not engage pre-crash. (Author)

1970-01-01

188

On Self-Interested Agents in Vehicular Networks With Car-to-Car Gossiping  

Microsoft Academic Search

As more and more cars are equipped with global positioning system (GPS) and Wi-Fi transmitters, it becomes easier to design systems that will allow cars to autonomously interact with each other, e.g., regarding traffic on the roads. Indeed, car manufacturers are already equipping their cars with such devices. Although, currently, these systems are a proprietary, we envision a natural evolution

Sarit Kraus; Raz Lin; Yuval Shavitt

2008-01-01

189

Light-induced carotenogenesis in Myxococcus xanthus: evidence that CarS acts as an anti-repressor of CarA.  

PubMed

In the bacterium Myxococcus xanthus, carotenoids are produced in response to illumination, as a result of expression of the crt carotenoid biosynthesis genes. The majority of crt genes are clustered in the crtEBDC operon, which is repressed in the dark by CarA. Genetic data suggest that, in the light, CarS is synthesized and achieves activation of the crtEBDC operon by removing the repressive action of CarA. As CarS contains no known DNA-binding motif, the relief of CarA-mediated repression was postulated to result from a direct interaction between these two proteins. Use of the yeast two-hybrid system demonstrated direct interaction between CarA and CarS. The two-hybrid system also implied that CarA and, possibly, CarS are capable of homodimerization. Direct evidence for CarS anti-repressor action was provided in vitro. A glutathione S-transferase (GST)-CarA protein fusion was shown to bind specifically to a palindromic operator sequence within the crtEBDC promoter. CarA was prevented from binding to its operator, and prebound CarA was removed by the addition of purified CarS. CarS is therefore an anti-repressor. PMID:11722744

Whitworth, D E; Hodgson, D A

2001-11-01

190

6. GENE WASH DAM, LOOKING NORTHWEST. SURVEY REFLECTOR IN FOREGROUND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. GENE WASH DAM, LOOKING NORTHWEST. SURVEY REFLECTOR IN FOREGROUND FOR MONITORING MOVEMENT OF DAM AND EARTH. - Gene Wash Reservoir & Dam, 2 miles west of Parker Dam, Parker Dam, San Bernardino County, CA

191

21 CFR 211.52 - Washing and toilet facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...GENERAL CURRENT GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR FINISHED PHARMACEUTICALS Buildings and Facilities § 211.52 Washing and toilet...washing facilities shall be provided, including hot and cold water, soap or detergent, air driers or single-service...

2013-04-01

192

2. VIEW OF WEST SIDE AND NORTH FACADE OF WASH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW OF WEST SIDE AND NORTH FACADE OF WASH HOUSE. TO RIGHT IS BERWIND-WHITE SITE OFFICE - Eureka No. 40, Wash House, East of State Route 56, North of Little Paint Creek, Scalp Level, Cambria County, PA

193

3. VIEW OF WEST SIDE OF WASH HOUSE TO RIGHT, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. VIEW OF WEST SIDE OF WASH HOUSE TO RIGHT, BERWIND-WHITE SITE OFFICE ON LEFT, LOOKING NORTH - Eureka No. 40, Wash House, East of State Route 56, North of Little Paint Creek, Scalp Level, Cambria County, PA

194

30 CFR 1206.260 - Allocation of washed coal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 1206.260 Section 1206.260 Mineral...RESOURCES REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Coal § 1206.260 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to...

2013-07-01

195

30 CFR 1206.459 - Allocation of washed coal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 1206.459 Section 1206.459 Mineral...RESOURCES REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Coal § 1206.459 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to...

2013-07-01

196

4. AERIAL VIEW OF GENE WASH RESERVOIR AND GENE CAMP ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. AERIAL VIEW OF GENE WASH RESERVOIR AND GENE CAMP LOOKING SOUTHWEST. DAM AND SPILLWAY VISIBLE IN BOTTOM OF PHOTO. - Gene Wash Reservoir & Dam, 2 miles west of Parker Dam, Parker Dam, San Bernardino County, CA

197

Exhaust gas sulfur removal by seawater washing  

SciTech Connect

The utilization of exhaust gas treatment by water washing with the objective of addressing an environmental issue is new to the marine industry. Following system evaluation, design and manufacturing, the prototype exhaust gas seawater washing system was installed outboard the ferry vessel, M/S Kronprins Harald, early in 1991. The discharged washing water is characterized by a low pH and a content of various toxic organic pollutants and toxic metals in addition to a moderate increase in sulfate concentrations. The toxic pollutants are mainly associated with particles. Additionally the effluent seawater is toxic to marine organisms due to the lowered pH. For sulfur, the prototype demonstrated a removal rate in the range of 71% to 73% at the load conditions measured and at salinities down to 14%. Compared to initial project targets for pollutant reductions, a vast deviation is demonstrated for particle removal. Also, contradictory to the technology originators' expectations, no removal of NO[sub x] was found. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Ives, R.; Klokk, S.N.

1993-09-01

198

Analysis of car door closing sound quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The perception of the noise coming from a car’s door closure has been analyzed, the focus being put on the image of the quality of the car that the listener can have in mind while hearing the sound. Different experiments have been realized: a free sorting experiment for reducing the number of stimuli without any loss of generality, paired comparisons

Etienne Parizet; Erald Guyader; Valery Nosulenko

2008-01-01

199

Clavileño: Evolution of an autonomous car  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cars capable of driving in urban environments autonomously are today one of the most challenging topics in the intelligent transportation systems (ITS) field. This paper deals with the evolution of Clavileño -a gas propelled vehicle-in its automation process towards a fully autonomous car driving in a real word. So, the required modifications for a mass-produced car in order to equip

Vicente Milanés; David F. Llorca; Blas M. Vinagre; Carlos González; Miguel A. Sotelo

2010-01-01

200

Cognition and emotion in autonomous cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to increase the acceptance of vehicles that drive (partly) autonomously, it seems advantageous that the driving style of autonomous cars is human-like. Furthermore, the acceptance of autonomous cars is believed to be increased when their actions and current state becomes more transparent to the passengers. These aspects can be tackled by implementing emotions to an autonomous car which

Sven Kraus; Matthias Althoff; B. Heissing; Martin Buss

2009-01-01

201

The Architecture of CAR Component Web Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

CAR (component assembly runtime) is a new component-oriented programming technology. Web services is a developing technology for Internet system. In this paper, we put forward a new architecture of Web services based on CAR component technology, which is called CAR Web services. We design and implement the architecture, components, interfaces, and relational methods of which. We analyses the working flowchart

Mingyi Mao; Zhicheng Chen; Qian Mo

2007-01-01

202

Determining the Air Drag on a Car.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' cars and wristwatches are used as "apparatus" to introduce and demonstrate Newton's second law of motion. Forces acting on cars are discussed and typical student data (for different makes of cars) are provided. Data could also be used in discussions of work, horsepower, efficiency, and energy cost. (JN)

Farr, John E.

1983-01-01

203

The Science of Speed: Car Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science of Speed explains the scientific principles that are so essential to the NASCAR experience. Viewers learn how science makes cars powerful, agile, fast and safe--and how these same principles affect their own cars. Conservation of energy explains how NASCAR's new car helped driver Michael McDowell walk away from a scary crash at Texas Motor Speedway in 2008.

Productions, Santa F.

204

Critical Speed Control of a Solar Car  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Solar Challenge is a 3000 km race for solar powered cars across the Australian continent from Darwin to Adelaide. Each car is powered by a panel of photovoltaic cells which convert sunlight into electrical power. The power can be used directly to drive the car or stored in a battery for later use. Previous papers (P. Howlett, P.

Peter Pudney; Phil Howlett

2002-01-01

205

Quality of door sounds of passenger cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is reported that the sound of a car door closing is one of the main factors to determine the overall impression of the car. Much effort has been made to improve the quality of this sound. In this study, sounds of the closing of the doors of various passenger cars were recorded and presented via headphones in a sound-proof

Sonoko Kuwano; Hugo Fastl; Seiichiro Namba; Seishi Nakamura; Hiroshi Uchida

2006-01-01

206

A novel super thin planar car antenna  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a novel small car antenna, which can be integrated conformally into the bodywork of a car. The antenna, which is intended to be integrated in the car's sunroof or put in the rear mirror, is fed by coaxial cable. In the paper, the prototype and simulation results of 2.4GHz are given. The size of the prototype is

Pengfei Wu; Jinming Pei; Guangjun Liang

2010-01-01

207

49 CFR 231.6 - Flat cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Flat cars. 231.6 Section 231.6 Transportation Other...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.6 Flat cars. (Cars with sides 12 inches or less above the floor may be...

2012-10-01

208

49 CFR 212.217 - Car inspector.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Car inspector. 212.217 Section 212.217 Transportation...REGULATIONS State Inspection Personnel § 212.217 Car inspector. (a) The car inspector is required, at a minimum, to be...

2012-10-01

209

49 CFR 212.217 - Car inspector.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Car inspector. 212.217 Section 212.217 Transportation...REGULATIONS State Inspection Personnel § 212.217 Car inspector. (a) The car inspector is required, at a minimum, to be...

2011-10-01

210

49 CFR 215.203 - Restricted cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Restricted cars. 215.203 Section 215.203 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Restricted Equipment § 215.203 Restricted cars. (a) This section restricts the...

2011-10-01

211

49 CFR 174.110 - Car magazine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Car magazine. 174.110 Section 174.110...Explosive) Materials § 174.110 Car magazine. When specially authorized...may be carried in construction or repair cars if the packages of Class 1...

2011-10-01

212

49 CFR 215.203 - Restricted cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Restricted cars. 215.203 Section 215.203 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Restricted Equipment § 215.203 Restricted cars. (a) This section restricts the...

2012-10-01

213

49 CFR 174.110 - Car magazine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Car magazine. 174.110 Section 174.110...Explosive) Materials § 174.110 Car magazine. When specially authorized...may be carried in construction or repair cars if the packages of Class 1...

2012-10-01

214

49 CFR 231.6 - Flat cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Flat cars. 231.6 Section 231.6 Transportation Other...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.6 Flat cars. (Cars with sides 12 inches or less above the floor may be...

2011-10-01

215

Washing scaling of GeneChip microarray expression  

PubMed Central

Background Post-hybridization washing is an essential part of microarray experiments. Both the quality of the experimental washing protocol and adequate consideration of washing in intensity calibration ultimately affect the quality of the expression estimates extracted from the microarray intensities. Results We conducted experiments on GeneChip microarrays with altered protocols for washing, scanning and staining to study the probe-level intensity changes as a function of the number of washing cycles. For calibration and analysis of the intensity data we make use of the 'hook' method which allows intensity contributions due to non-specific and specific hybridization of perfect match (PM) and mismatch (MM) probes to be disentangled in a sequence specific manner. On average, washing according to the standard protocol removes about 90% of the non-specific background and about 30-50% and less than 10% of the specific targets from the MM and PM, respectively. Analysis of the washing kinetics shows that the signal-to-noise ratio doubles roughly every ten stringent washing cycles. Washing can be characterized by time-dependent rate constants which reflect the heterogeneous character of target binding to microarray probes. We propose an empirical washing function which estimates the survival of probe bound targets. It depends on the intensity contribution due to specific and non-specific hybridization per probe which can be estimated for each probe using existing methods. The washing function allows probe intensities to be calibrated for the effect of washing. On a relative scale, proper calibration for washing markedly increases expression measures, especially in the limit of small and large values. Conclusions Washing is among the factors which potentially distort expression measures. The proposed first-order correction method allows direct implementation in existing calibration algorithms for microarray data. We provide an experimental 'washing data set' which might be used by the community for developing amendments of the washing correction.

2010-01-01

216

Remediation of arsenic-contaminated soils and washing effluents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the distribution of various arsenic species in tailings and soils. Other specific goal of the tests were to evaluate the extraction efficiency of arsenic using alkaline or acid washing, to determine optimum operational parameters of alkaline washing, and to evaluate the arsenic precipitation of washing effluents by pH adjustment or ferric chloride addition. Alkaline

Min Jang; Jung Sung Hwang; Sang Il Choi; Jae Kwang Park

2005-01-01

217

7 CFR 3201.51 - Parts wash solutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Parts wash solutions. 3201.51 Section 3201.51 Agriculture...Designated Items § 3201.51 Parts wash solutions. (a) Definition. Products...preference for qualifying biobased parts wash solutions. By that date, Federal agencies...

2013-01-01

218

33 CFR 157.124 - COW tank washing machines.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false COW tank washing machines. 157.124 Section...CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.124 COW tank washing machines. (a) COW...

2009-07-01

219

33 CFR 157.124 - COW tank washing machines.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false COW tank washing machines. 157.124 Section...CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design, Equipment, and Installation § 157.124 COW tank washing machines. (a) COW...

2010-07-01

220

Adaptive Self-Organizing Overlay Network for Car-to-Car Communications  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes a model of car-to-car networks based on an adaptive self-organization overlay network. Car-to-car network is one of the promising ways to deliver the information and services among cars in order to increase the safety and reduce the traffic congestion. However, conventional works focus on the low-level communication protocols. Little works are done on the model and its

Mikio Aoyama; Hiroshi Takeichi

2008-01-01

221

Functional analysis of the carS gene of Fusarium fujikuroi.  

PubMed

The ascomycete fungus Fusarium fujikuroi is a model system in the investigation of the biosynthesis of some secondary metabolites, such as gibberellins, bikaverin, and carotenoids. Carotenoid-overproducing mutants, generically called carS, are easily obtained in this fungus by standard mutagenesis procedures. Here we report the functional characterization of gene carS, responsible for this mutant phenotype. The identity of the gene was demonstrated through the finding of mutations in six independent carS mutants and by the complementation of one of them. The F. fujikuroi carS gene was able to restore the control of carotenogenesis in a similar deregulated mutant of Fusarium oxysporum, but only partially at the transcription level, indicating an unexpected complexity in the regulation of the pathway. Due to the pleiotropic characteristics of this mutation, which also modifies the production of other secondary metabolites, we did a screening for carS-regulated genes by subtracted cDNA hybridization. The results show that the carS mutation affects the regulation of numerous genes in addition to those of carotenogenesis. The expression of the identified genes was usually enhanced by light, a regulatory effect also exhibited by the carS gene. However, in most cases, their mRNA levels in carS mutants were similar to those of the wild type, suggesting a regulation that affects mRNA availability rather than mRNA synthesis. PMID:23543145

Rodríguez-Ortiz, Roberto; Limón, M Carmen; Avalos, Javier

2013-03-30

222

Entwurfskonzept einer Car2Car-Multiband-Dachantenne  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the vastly increasing use of wireless services in the car, such as WiFi, Car2Car and LTE, the requirements on bandwidth and radiation pattern of the roof antenna systems become more challenging. In this work, a design concept for multi-band roof antenna systems is presented. We aim to get a higher bandwidth and an almost circular radiation pattern on the horizontal plane. Moreover, the antenna length is considered in order to fulfill the requirements set by construction ECE-regulations (ECE, 2010). The applicability of the design concept is not limited to multi-band roof antennas, it can also be used for a general wideband antenna design. For illustration of this concept, a multi-band roof antenna with a bandwidth of 780 MHz to 5.9 GHz and a near circular radiation pattern with an average gain of G = 3 dBi (at 5.9 GHz) on the horizontal plane is designed. The simulation and measurement results are presented.

Wang, Y.; Reit, M.; Mathis, W.

2012-09-01

223

TWO CAR FRONTAL COLLISIONS: THE ROLE OF CAR MASS, COLLISION SPEED DISTRIBUTION AND FRONTAL STIFFNESS IN OCCUPANT FATALITY AND INJURY  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is controversy regarding the role of car mass in injury and fatality risk in individual car-to-car collisions and for overall car populations. In addition, the effect of frontal stiffness on both the case and partner cars is disputed, and the role of the distribution of collision closing speed has not been adequately examined. In this paper empirical car crash

Denis P. Wood; Ciaran Simms; Colin Glynn

224

Fiber lasers for CARS microscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report a fiber-based high-power picosecond laser system for coherent Raman microscopy (CRM). This source generates 3-ps pulses with 6 W average power at 1030 nm. Frequency-doubling yields more than 2 W of green light, which can be used to pump a commercial optical parametric oscillator to produce the pump and Stokes beams for CRM. The design and performance of the laser are described, along with an application to CARS imaging.

Wise, F. W.; Kieu, K.; Saar, Brian; Holtom, Gary; Xie, Sunney

2009-02-01

225

Car Depreciation (rate and slope)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this activity is for students to use the concept of the rate of depreciation in a real world situation to investigate the relationship between rate and slope. Students create ordered pairs, graph depreciating car values, and calculate rates of depreciation, then identify that the rate of depreciation = slope of the line. Using the equation they then solve for future values and times.

2010-01-01

226

Hand washing practices in a college town environment.  

PubMed

Many people do not wash their hands when the behavior in which they engage would warrant it. Most research of hand washing practices to date has taken place in high-traffic environments such as airports and public attraction venues. These studies have established a persistent shortcoming and a gender difference in hand washing compliance. Using field observations of 3,749 people in a college town environment, the research described in this article replicates and extends earlier work while identifying potential environmental and demographic predictors of hand washing compliance. Additionally, the authors' research suggests that proper hand washing practices, as recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, are not being practiced. Finally, the authors' research raises a question as to the accuracy of earlier measurements of "proper" hand washing practices, suggesting that compliance rates are inflated. The results can help increase hand washing rates for the general public and thus decrease the risk of transmitting disease. PMID:23621052

Borchgrevink, Carl P; Cha, JaeMin; Kim, SeungHyun

2013-04-01

227

Washing Away Bioprocessing Cost: Pressurized Hot Wash Improves Cellulosic Ethanol Technology  

SciTech Connect

Thermochemical pretreatment is a key step in biotechnology for converting lignocellulosic biomass to fuel ethanol and other valuable chemicals. U.S. Department of Energy Biofuels Program researchers have found that adding a Pressurized Hot Wash (PHW) step immediately following pretreatment--while the pretreated material is still at high temperature and pressure--significantly improves the overall process. The ''hot-washed'' pretreated material can be more efficiently digested by cellulase enzymes. Additionally, soluble lignins with potentially valuable unique reactive properties are separated out.

Not Available

2002-09-01

228

PACU-why hand washing is vital!  

PubMed

Hand washing is one of the oldest methods of reducing infections. Recent evidence based research has re-confirmed the efficacy of proper hand hygiene and recommendations for hand hygiene by the CDC and WHO are outlined. The PACU is a unique environment; patients are in a "cross-road of infection;" many patients are exposed to infections coming from various wards brought to the PACU through the OR. The PACU nurse is not only responsible for observing and monitoring the patient's vital signs but is also responsible for making sure patients are not exposed to an additional risk, e.g. a hand-transmitted infection. PMID:19647664

Petty, William Clayton

2009-08-01

229

TANK 4 CHARACTERIZATION, SETTLING, AND WASHING STUDIES  

SciTech Connect

A sample of PUREX sludge from Tank 4 was characterized, and subsequently combined with a Tank 51 sample (Tank 51-E1) received following Al dissolution, but prior to a supernate decant by the Tank Farm, to perform a settling and washing study to support Sludge Batch 6 preparation. The sludge source for the majority of the Tank 51-E1 sample is Tank 12 HM sludge. The Tank 51-E1 sample was decanted by SRNL prior to use in the settling and washing study. The Tank 4 sample was analyzed for chemical composition including noble metals. The characterization of the Tank 51-E1 sample, used here in combination with the Tank 4 sample, was reported previously. SRNL analyses on Tank 4 were requested by Liquid Waste Engineering (LWE) via Technical Task Request (TTR) HLE-TTR-2009-103. The sample preparation work is governed by Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TTQAP), and analyses were controlled by an Analytical Study Plan and modifications received via customer communications. Additional scope included a request for a settling study of decanted Tank 51-E1 and a blend of decanted Tank 51-E1 and Tank 4, as well as a washing study to look into the fate of undissolved sulfur observed during the Tank 4 characterization. The chemistry of the Tank 4 sample was modeled with OLI Systems, Inc. StreamAnalyzer to determine the likelihood that sulfate could exist in this sample as insoluble Burkeite (2Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} {center_dot} Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}). The OLI model was also used to predict the composition of the blended tank materials for the washing study. The following conclusions were drawn from the Tank 4 analytical results reported here: (1) Any projected blend of Tank 4 and the current Tank 51 contents will produce a SB6 composition that is lower in Ca and U than the current SB5 composition being processed by DWPF. (2) Unwashed Tank 4 has a relatively large initial S concentration of 3.68 wt% on a total solids basis, and approximately 10% of the total S is present as an insoluble or undissolved form. (3) There is 19% more S than can be accounted for by IC sulfate measurement. This additional soluble S is detected by ICP-AES analysis of the supernate. (4) Total supernate and slurry sulfur by ICP-AES should be monitored during washing in addition to supernate sulfate in order to avoid under estimating the amount of sulfur species removed or remaining in the supernate. (5) OLI simulation calculations show that the presence of undissolved Burkeite in the Tank 4 sample is reasonable, assuming a small difference in the Na concentration that is well within the analytical uncertainties of the reported value. The following conclusions were drawn from the blend studies of Tank 4 and decanted Tank 51-E1: (1) The addition of Tank 4 slurry to a decanted Tank 51-E1 sample significantly improved the degree and time for settling. (2) The addition of Tank 4 slurry to a decanted Tank 51-E1 sample significantly improved the plastic viscosity and yield stress. (3) The SRNL washing test, where nearly all of the wash solution was decanted from the solids, indicates that approximately 96% or more of the total S was removed from the blend in these tests, and the removal of the sulfur tracks closely with that of Na. Insoluble (undissolved) S remaining in the washed sludge was calculated from an estimate of the final slurry liquid fraction, the S result in the slurry digestion, and the S in the final decant (which was very close to the method detection limit). Based on this calculated result, about 4% of the initial total S remained after these washes; this amount is equivalent to about 18% of the initially undissolved S.

Bannochie, C.; Pareizs, J.; Click, D.; Zamecnik, J.

2009-09-29

230

Hand washing and diarrhoea in adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim  This study aimed to characterize hand washing among 13-year-old adolescents, assessing the association with the occurrence\\u000a of diarrhoea.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Subject and methods  We evaluated 2,036 adolescents enrolled in schools of Porto, Portugal. Information was collected by self-administered questionnaires.\\u000a Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were used to estimate associations.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  Male adolescents reported more frequently than female adolescents that they

Abel Gomes; Sílvia Fraga; Elisabete Ramos

231

Research and Development Trends of Car Networking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the rapid development of the world economy, road transport has become increasingly busy. An unexpected incident would cause serious traffic disaster due to traffic accidents. To solve this problem, the intelligent transportation system (ITS), which is important for the health developments of the city transportation, has become a hot topic. The car networking provides a new way for intelligent transportation system. It can ensure intelligent control and monitoring of urban road with high performance. This paper described the concept of car networking and related technology both in oversea and domestic. The importance of car networking to achieve vehicle and details of the car networking related technologies were illustrated firstly. Then, attentions focus on the research nodus of the car networking. Lastly, the development trend of car networking research was discussed.

He, Wei; Li, Zhixiong; Xie, Guotao

232

Anthropogenic Influences on Geogenic Trace Elements and Contamination in Wash Sediments from Historical Mining Activities in the Carnation Wash System, Nelson, Nevada (USA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines contamination from abandoned mine mill waste in the sediments of the Carnation Wash system, Nelson, NV. The Carnation Wash was chosen because only one milling site is located near the head of the wash system. This is the only mill facility located within the wash or surrounding area of the wash and therefore, this mill is the

Douglas Brian Sims; Anthony Francis

2010-01-01

233

A voice activated car audio system  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel speech detection technology called the enhanced level-adaptive segmentation (ELASE) method has been developed, which can distinguish a driver's commands from audio sounds. Using the ELASE method, a voice-activated car audio system was developed. With the ELASE method, the recognition accuracy improved from 81.5% to 96.3% with the car audio system playing in a moving car, when the peak

S. Tsurufuji; H. Ohnishi; M. Iida; R. Suzuki; Y. Sumi

1991-01-01

234

Collisions with passenger cars and moose, Sweden.  

PubMed Central

The number of collisions between motor vehicles and moose is increasing in many countries. Collisions with large, high animals such as moose cause typical rear- and downward deformation of the windshield pillars and front roof, most pronounced for small passenger cars; the injury risk increases with the deformation of the car. A strengthening of the windshield pillars and front roof and the use of antilacerative windshields would reduce the injury risk to car occupants.

Bjornstig, U; Eriksson, A; Thorson, J; Bylund, P O

1986-01-01

235

CARS thermometry in high pressure rocket combustors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) has been used to investigate high pressure cryogenic liquid oxygen\\/gaseous hydrogen (LOX\\/GH2) flames at pressures up to 6.5 MPa. The method employs two synchronized broadband CARS systems to probe simultaneously H2 and H2O. Temperature is deduced from the H2 and H2O CARS profiles while the H2O concentration is deduced from the modulation from the resonant

Frédéric Grisch; Paul Bouchardy; Walter Clauss

2003-01-01

236

Antibacterial perineal washing for prevention of recurrent urinary tract infections.  

PubMed

Antibacterial ointment applied to the urethral meatus in females with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) has been reported to decrease the incidence of UTIs. The value of perineal washing with the antibacterial lotion, hexachlorophene, in preventing urinary tract infections was determined in 56 females with recurrent UTIs. Of three groups of females one group used hexachlorophene perineal washings morning and night, another group used hexachlorophene perineal washings and an oral antibacterial daily (nitrofurantoin or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole), and the third group used the oral antibacterials daily alone. The infections per patient were 3.4 with hexachlorophene washings, 0.5 with hexachlorophene washing and oral antibacterials daily, and 0.9 with oral antibacterials alone. These results suggest that hexachlorophene perineal washing was not effective in preventing UTI in females. PMID:3992773

Cass, A S; Ireland, G W

1985-05-01

237

Modeling enjoyment preference from physiological responses in a car racing game  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a framework to estimate player enjoyment preference from physiological signals. This can produce objective measures that could be used to adapt dynamically a game to maintain the player in an optimal status of enjoyment. We present a case study on The Open Racing Car Simulator (TORCS) video game. In particular, we focus both on the experimental protocol, which

Simone Tognetti; Maurizio Garbarino; Andrea Bonarini; Matteo Matteucci

2010-01-01

238

Study of Beaconing for Car-to-Car Communication in Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

IEEE 802.11p is currently being developed international standard, which specifies physical (PHY) and medium access control (MAC) protocols for car-to-car and car-to-infrastructure communication and should become a basis for safety-related and infotainment applications in future vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs). In VANETs beaconing is one of the most important communication modes, which is used to advertise the presence of a car

Alexey Vinel; Dirk Staehle; Andrey Turlikov

2009-01-01

239

Car-to-Car Safety Broadcast with Interference Using Raptor Codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Car-to-car safety applications that demand real- time and reliable communications in vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) requires a new paradigm of coding techniques. In this paper, we propose a novel coding approach using a systematic Raptor code for car-to-car post-crash warning broadcast applica- tions. A cross-layer simulator model is developed to evaluate the performance of Raptor codes against repetition codes

Nor Fadzilah Abdullah; Angela Doufexi; Robert J. Piechocki

2011-01-01

240

Microbial Quality of Cool Water Washed Shell Eggs  

Microsoft Academic Search

3 Abstract: A study was conducted to examine the effects of cool water washing on the microbial quality of shell eggs. Six dual tank wash water temperature schemes were examined for their ability to reduce naturally occurring aerobic bacteria and inoculated Salmonella Enteritidis (SE). The wash water schemes were: T1= 48.9 C; T2 = 48.9 C, 23.9 C; T3 =

2005-01-01

241

Water recycle method for washing alkali-refined soybean oil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vegetable oil refineries are faced today with cutting down on pollution caused by their waste water. A method was developed\\u000a for washing alkali-refined soybean oil with treated, recirculated wash water. In this method, wash water passes through a\\u000a cation exchange resin that removes Na, and the slightly acid water goes back into the system for continuous reuse. The disposal\\u000a problem

R. A. Eisenhauer; R. E. Beal; E. L. Griffin

1970-01-01

242

The impact of gender on car buyer satisfaction and loyalty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women are becoming an increasing force in the car buyer market. Their pattern of car buying differs from that of men, and thus it is proposed that women's expectations of a car, and hence the determinants of satisfaction with car purchase, would differ from those of men. Consumer data, gathered from both male and female car buyers, is analysed, with

Fiona Davies; Bruce Curry

1996-01-01

243

Heterogeneous consumer preferences for alternative fuel cars in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper models consumer preferences for alternative fuel cars and conventional, petrol fueled cars in China. It compares discrete choice model specifications where each specification reflects how consumers choose between alternative fuel cars and conventional types of cars. We find that, in China, consumers differentiate between the types of alternative fuel cars and are more likely to consider switching from

Lixian Qian; Didier Soopramanien

2011-01-01

244

Adverse Selection in the Wholesale Used Car Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an empirical investigation of adverse selection in the wholesale used car market. New car dealers (who sell both new and used cars) differ from used car dealers (who sell only used cars) in the propensity to sell trade-ins on the wholesale market. Models of adverse selection suggest that the dealer type that sells a higher proportion of

David Genesove

1993-01-01

245

Cooperative relaying in car-to-car communications: Initial results from an experimental study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on an experimental study about some benefits of cooperative relays in mobile wireless communications. A basic technique for cooperative relaying is implemented in the programmable hardware platform WARP. Using this implementation, measurements are made for mobile car-to-car communications in a suburban environment. Each of three cars is equipped with a transceiver and serves as sender, relay, or

Gunther Brandner; Udo Schilcher; Christian Bettstetter

2010-01-01

246

Bihold og Bilbruk i Norge: Den Nasjonale Reisevaneundersokelsen 2005 (Car Ownership and Car Use in Norway).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the Norwegian Travel Survey 2005 about 17 500 people from 13 years have been interviewed. This report analyses access to car and car use. The percentage of driving license holders is lowest among young people, older women and people living in Oslo. Car...

L. Vagane

2005-01-01

247

Car-Sharing and Car-Pooling in Great Britain: The Recent Situation and Potential.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Report reviews the character of passenger travel by car in Great Britain using, in particular, results derived from the National Travel Survey 1975/76. Car passengers who travel in a car belonging to another family account for as many passenger kilom...

R. A. Vincent K. Wood

1979-01-01

248

Mass transfer when a solid phase is being washed  

SciTech Connect

Relations describing the macrokinetics and statics of washing are obtained from the equations of mass transfer and material balance. Stainless steel plates and electropolished tungsten plates were used as the nonporous materials. The influence of the surface of the specimens was investigated. Values are plotted for the efficiency of washing versus water flow rates for washing iron hydroxide and synthetic and natural magnetite from magnesium and sulfate ions using jet and air-water streams. The equations are applicable to washing highly dispersed and continuous bodies. Modeling the process made possible the use of low quality water, a reduction in water required, and the implementation of a return water supply.

Vainstein, I.A.; Kononenko, L.N.

1988-07-01

249

Notice of Field Correction: Sorvall Cellwasher 2, Cell Washing ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... Notice of Field Correction: Sorvall Cellwasher 2, Cell Washing System-Kendro Laboratory Products. DATE NOTIFICATION INITIATED: ... More results from www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/safetyavailability/recalls

250

38. PHOTOCOPY OF ARCHITECTURAL WASH DRAWING OF CANNELTON MILL 'designed ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

38. PHOTOCOPY OF ARCHITECTURAL WASH DRAWING OF CANNELTON MILL 'designed by Tefft' COURTESY JOHN HAY LIBRARY, BROWN UNIVERSITY - Cannelton Cotton Mill, Front & Fourth Streets, Cannelton, Perry County, IN

251

Risk of cardio-respiratory abnormalities in preterm infants placed in car seats: a cross-sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the factors that predispose to the occurrence and severity of cardio-respiratory symptoms during the placement of a prematurely born infant in a car seat. The impact of gestational age, weight at discharge and infant's pre-existing cardio-respiratory status (in the supine position) on cardio-respiratory function during pre-discharge testing in a car seat (semi-upright position) has not

Vallier C Ojadi; Anna Petrova; Rajeev Mehta; Thomas Hegyi

2005-01-01

252

Heterodyne effect in Hybrid CARS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the interaction between the resonant Raman signal and non-Raman field, either the concomitant nonresonant four-wave-mixing (FWM) background or an applied external field, in our recently developed scheme of coherent Anti-Stokes Raman scattering, a hybrid CARS. Our technique combines instantaneous coherent excitation of several characteristic molecular vibrations with subsequent probing of these vibrations by an optimally shaped, time-delayed, narrowband laser pulse. This pulse configuration mitigates the non-resonant FWM background while maximizing the Raman-resonant signal, and allows rapid and highly specific detection even in the presence of multiple scattering. We apply this method to non-invasive monitoring of blood glucose levels. Under certain conditions we find that the measured signal is linearly proportional to the glucose concentration due to optical interference with the residual background light, which allows reliable detection of spectral signatures down to medically-relevant glucose levels. We also study the interference between the CARS field and an external field (the local oscillator) by controlling their relative phase and amplitude. This control allows direct observation of the real and imaginary components of the third-order nonlinear susceptibility (?^(3)) of the sample. We demonstrate that the heterodyne method can be used to amplify the signal and thus increase detection sensitivity.

Wang, Xi; Zhang, Aihua; Zhi, Miaochan; Sokolov, Alexei; Welch, George; Scully, Marlan

2009-10-01

253

Car Fuel Economy at Low  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new report issued by the Department of Transportation found that overall fuel economy for new passenger cars and trucks has dropped to an average of 24.7 miles per gallon. This is the lowest average gas mileage since 1980; in 1987, gas mileage peaked at 26.2 mpg. The blame for the US' poor fuel economy has been placed on Americans' love of gas-thirsty sport utility vehicles including the seven-ton Ford Excursion, the largest SUV manufactured, which averages only 10 mpg. The timely DOT report has been released as prices for gasoline have quickly risen to an average of over $1.70 per gallon, meaning that many consumers are paying over $30 to fill their tanks. In light of President Bush's new energy plan and the skyrocketing costs at the gas pumps, automobile companies are offering duel-fuel vehicles, which burn ethanol and gas/ electric hybrid cars. However, as one writer for Forbes.com points out, " [T]hese hybrids won't do as well in winter and won't tow as much."

Missner, Emily D.

2001-01-01

254

Automotive Radar - Status and Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper gives a brief overview of automo- tive radar. The status of the frequency regulation for short and long range radar is summarized because of its impor- tance for car manufacturers and their sensor suppliers. Front end concepts and antenna techniques of 24 GHz and 77 GHz sensors are briefly described. Their impact on the sensor's field of view

Martin Schneider

255

Sludge pretreatment chemistry evaluation: Enhanced sludge washing separation factors  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the work conducted in Fiscal Year 1994 by the Sludge Pretreatment Chemistry Evaluation Subtask for the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Tank Waste Treatment Science Task. The main purpose of this task, is to provide the technical basis and scientific understanding to support TWRS baseline decisions and actions, such as the development of an enhanced sludge washing process to reduce the volume of waste that will require high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. One objective within the Sludge Pretreatment Chemistry Evaluation Subtask was to establish wash factors for various SST (single-shell tank) sludges. First, analytical data were compiled from existing tank waste characterization reports. These data were summarized on tank-specific worksheets that provided a uniform format for reviewing and comparing data, as well as the means to verify whether the data set for each tank was complete. Worksheets were completed for 27 SST wastes. The analytical water wash data provided tank-specific information about the fraction of each component that dissolves with water, i.e., an estimate of tank-specific wash factors for evaluating tank-by-tank processing. These wash data were then used collectively to evaluate some of the wash factors that are assumed for the overall SST waste inventory; specifically, wash factors for elements that would be found primarily in sludges. The final step in this study was to incorporate the characterization and wash factor data into a spreadsheet that provides insight into the effect of enhanced sludge washing on individual tank sludges as well as for groups of sludges that may be representative of different waste types. Spreadsheet results include the estimated mass and percentage of each element that would be removed with washing and leaching. Furthermore, estimated compositions are given of the final wash and leach streams and residual solids, in terms of both concentration and dry weight percent.

Colton, N.G.

1995-03-01

256

Parking: Dynamic Capacities of Car Parks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes a series of full-scale investigations into the dynamic characteristics of car parks, undertaken to assist architects and planners of multi-storey and other car parks to calculate the dimensions and to plan the facilities required for ...

P. B. Ellson

1969-01-01

257

Optimal fuzzy control of autonomous robot car  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes the design of the fuzzy control system for an autonomous robot car which operates in unknown, unpredictable, and dynamic environment. The fuzzy control system must provide the fusing of data from multiple sensors and must ensure navigation of the autonomous robot car. Both - an obstacle avoidance control strategy and a target tracking control strategy - are

Ovid Farhi; Yordan Chervenkov

2008-01-01

258

Smart Cars as Autonomous Intelligent Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a study on the behavior of smart cars by considering them as autonomous intelligent agents. In particular, a smart car could behave as autonomous agent by extracting information from the surrounding environment (road, highway) and determining its position in it, detecting the motion and tracking the behavioral patterns of other moving objects (automobiles) in its own surrounding

Nikolaos G. Bourbakis; Michael Findler

2001-01-01

259

Backset—Stationary and During Car Driving  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The aim of the study was to measure and analyze backset, defined as the horizontal distance between the back of the occupant's head and a point located on the ventral\\/top aspect of the sewn rim of the head restraint, with the car stationary and during driving, in the driver's position in a modern car.Methods: A population of 65 subjects,

Bertil Jonsson; Hans Stenlund; Ulf Björnstig

2008-01-01

260

Zoom Zoom: racing CARs for multiple myeloma.  

PubMed

Chimeric antigen receptors redirect T cells to surface antigens. Discovery and validation of appropriate target antigens expand the possible indications for chimeric-antigen receptor (CAR)-T cells. B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) is expressed only on mature B cells and plasma cells and promotes their survival. BCMA is a promising target for CAR-T cells in multiple myeloma. PMID:23444214

Maus, Marcela V; June, Carl H

2013-02-26

261

Your car and its fuel efficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measures to realize optimum fuel efficiency from an automobile are discussed. Points to observe in selecting a new car, selecting the type of tires best for fuel efficiency, and maintaining the car regularly are discussed. Eleven tips are given on operating the vehicle for the best fuel economy.

1980-01-01

262

Computer simulation study on city car system  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assume that 15 stations are set at the key points in a certain city and suitable number of small cars are distributed to each station and that basic 0-D data of trip between any two of these stations are given. In our simulation, passengers who take on cars at their stations are generated by using random number. If there

M. Abe; K. Suzuki; F. Harashima; S. Kariya

1978-01-01

263

A Radio-Controlled Car Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Watching a radio-controlled car zip along a sidewalk or street has become a common sight. Within this toy are the basic ingredients of a mobile robot, used by industry for a variety of important and potentially dangerous tasks. In this challenge, students consider modifying an of-the-shelf, radio-controlled car, adapting it for a robotic task.|

Roman, Harry T.

2010-01-01

264

Car-following: a historical review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the topic of car-following has become of increased importance in traffic engineering and safety research. Models of this phenomenon, which describe the interaction between (typically) adjacent vehicles in the same lane, now form the cornerstone for many important areas of research including (a) simulation modelling, where the car-following model (amongst others) controls the motion of the vehicles

Mark Brackstone; Mike McDonald

1999-01-01

265

DEMAND FOR CLEAN FUEL CAR IN NORWAY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forecasting demand for clean fuel vehicles has become important task for car manufacturer, for utility companies, and for evaluation of the necessary incentive schemes for their penetration in the market. Furthermore it is important to carefully evaluate the impacts of these different incentives on the possible outgrowth of reliance on car, its consequences for public transportation and future spatial development.

Farideh Ramjerdi

266

The fatal injuries of car drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We often refer to road fatalities without knowing exactly what injuries are responsible for them. Based on the Rhône Road Trauma Registry this paper sets out to describe the topography, nature and frequency of the fatal injuries sustained by car drivers.Mean annual mortality at the wheel of a car, computed by dividing the total number of drivers killed (n=383) by

A. Ndiaye; M. Chambost; M. Chiron

2009-01-01

267

PARAMETRIC IDENTIFICATION OF THE CAR DYNAMICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to give a general and unifying presentation of the identification issues of a passenger car using the Denavit and Hartenberg robotic formalism for the modelling. The desired parameters are the dynamic parameters of the car and the parameters of the suspension and the tires. The kinematics and dynamic models are automatically calculated using the

Gentiane Venture; Maxime Gautier; Wisama Khalil; Philippe Bodson

268

Larry car for a coking oven battery  

Microsoft Academic Search

A larry car (3) for transporting a charge of pre-heated coal along the top of a battery of coke ovens, from a storage installation including a group of metering bins (1) at one or more filling stations above the battery, to a corresponding group of charge holes for the oven chamber to be charged, the car including a corresponding group

Corry

1984-01-01

269

Car Detection in Low Resolution Aerial Image  

Microsoft Academic Search

e We present a system to detect passenger cars in aerial im- ages ,whe,re cmrs appear as small objects. We pose this as a 3D object recognition problem to account for the uariation in viezupoint and the shadow. We started from. psychologi- cal tests to find important features for human detection of cars. Based on these observations, we selected the

Tao Zhao; Ramakant Nevatia

2001-01-01

270

Car on an Inclined Plane Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ejs Car on an Inclined Plane model displays a car on an incline plane. When the car reaches the bottom of the incline, it can be set to bounce (elastic collision) with the stop attached to the bottom of the incline. The car consists of the car body, two rotating front wheels, and two rotating rear wheels. The incline angle (in radians) can be changed via a textbox. In addition the car can be dragged to its initial position. You can modify this simulation if you have Ejs installed by right-clicking within the plot and selecting âOpen Ejs Modelâ from the pop-up menu item. Ejs Car on an Inclined Plane model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_mech_newton_CarOnInclinedPlane.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. Ejs is a part of the Open Source Physics Project and is designed to make it easier to access, modify, and generate computer models. Additional Ejs models for classical mechanics are available. They can be found by searching ComPADRE for Open Source Physics, OSP, or Ejs.

Christian, Wolfgang; Franciscouembre; Belloni, Mario

2008-10-29

271

Rear-facing car seat (image)  

MedlinePLUS

A rear-facing car seat position is recommended for a child who is very young. Extreme injury can occur in an accident because ... child. In a frontal crash a rear-facing car seat is best, because it cradles the head, ...

272

Rocket Car on an Inclined Plane Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ejs Rocket Car on an Inclined Plane model displays a car on an inclined plane. When the car reaches the bottom of the incline, it can be set to bounce (elastic collision) with the stop attached to the bottom of the incline. The car consists of the car body, two rotating front wheels, and two rotating rear wheels. The incline angle (in radians) can be changed via a textbox and the rocketâs thrust can be changed via a slider. In addition the car can be dragged to its initial position. You can modify this simulation if you have Ejs installed by right-clicking within the plot and selecting âOpen Ejs Modelâ from the pop-up menu item. Ejs Rocket Car on an Inclined Plane model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_mech_newton_RocketCarOnInclinedPlane.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. Ejs is a part of the Open Source Physics Project and is designed to make it easier to access, modify, and generate computer models. Additional Ejs models for classical mechanics are available. They can be found by searching ComPADRE for Open Source Physics, OSP, or Ejs.

Christian, Wolfgang; Franciscouembre; Belloni, Mario

2008-10-29

273

NTNU Java: Pendulum in an accelerated car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this applet a pendulum is in a vertical position when put in a stopped car. When the car is accelerated, it will swing with a new equilibrium position. The user can change the acceleration and the drag coefficient (assume drag force proportional to velocity put in the opposite direction).

Hwang, Fu-Kwun

2008-09-27

274

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Operated Remote Control Car  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project uses a hydrogen fuel cell as a form of alternative energy to power a simple remote controlled car and presents some research on how hydrogen is made, how a hydrogen fuel cell works. We showed that a hydrogen fuel cell can be used for operating the remote control car. We used two different setups for the hydrogen fuel

Mathew Jaeger; Thu Ya Maw; Tatiana Cantu

275

Apparatus and method for car relocation and parking timer  

US Patent & Trademark Office Database

A method and portable device is provided to assist a person to relocate their parked car and track the time the car should be attended to. A device embodiment includes a car location recording module and a car location playback module. The car location recording module is operable to record a car location in response to the engagement of a (possibly automatically generated) car related signal, which car related signal is engaged proximal to when the car is vacated. The car location playback module plays back the car location recorded by the recording module. Some embodiments further include means for keeping time, such that the location recording module is configured to also record the date and time of when the car location was recorded. Means for managing parking time are also provided for alerting the person that a certain time is eminent or has past, and/or alerting the person that a certain elapsed time is eminent or has past.

2007-11-13

276

CARS Concentration Sensitivity with and without Nonresonant Background Suppression.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Species detectivity is limited in conventional CARS with aligned laser polarizations by the presence of a background, nonresonant electronic contribution to the CARS signal. At low species densities, a modulated CARS spectrum results which can be used to ...

A. C. Eckbreth R. J. Hall

1980-01-01

277

30 CFR 57.14215 - Coupling or uncoupling cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Coupling or uncoupling cars. 57.14215 Section 57.14215 Mineral...Procedures § 57.14215 Coupling or uncoupling cars. Prior to coupling or uncoupling cars manually, trains shall be brought to a...

2013-07-01

278

30 CFR 56.14215 - Coupling or uncoupling cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Coupling or uncoupling cars. 56.14215 Section 56.14215 Mineral...Procedures § 56.14215 Coupling or uncoupling cars. Prior to coupling or uncoupling cars manually, trains shall be brought to a...

2013-07-01

279

29 CFR 1917.124 - Dockboards (car and bridge plates).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Dockboards (car and bridge plates). 1917.124 Section...Facilities § 1917.124 Dockboards (car and bridge plates). (a) General... (b) [Reserved] (c) Dockboards (car and bridge plates). (1)...

2013-07-01

280

40 CFR 201.15 - Standard for car coupling operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Standard for car coupling operations. 201.15 Section...Operations Standards § 201.15 Standard for car coupling operations. Effective January...subject to this regulation shall conduct car coupling operations that exceed...

2013-07-01

281

77 FR 50763 - Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sub-No. 5)] Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting AGENCY: Surface Transportation...DOT. ACTION: Notice of National Grain Car Council meeting...given of a meeting of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC), pursuant to section...

2012-08-22

282

76 FR 53717 - Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sub-No. 4)] Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting AGENCY: Surface Transportation...Board. ACTION: Notice of National Grain Car Council meeting...given of a meeting of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC), pursuant to section...

2011-08-29

283

7. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF 'FLARE' OR TRAJECTORY CAMERA ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF 'FLARE' OR TRAJECTORY CAMERA INSIDE CAMERA CAR. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

284

78 FR 52606 - Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sub-No. 4)] Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting AGENCY: Surface Transportation...DOT. ACTION: Notice of National Grain Car Council meeting...given of a meeting of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC), pursuant to the...

2013-08-23

285

5. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF HOIST AT SIDE OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF HOIST AT SIDE OF BRIDGE AND ENGINE CAR ON TRACKS, LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

286

75 FR 53736 - Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sub-No. 4)] Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting AGENCY: Surface Transportation...DOT. ACTION: Notice of National Grain Car Council meeting...given of a meeting of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC), pursuant to section...

2010-09-01

287

1. GENERAL VIEW OF TIPPLE LOOKING NORTHWEST, SHOWING LARRY CARS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. GENERAL VIEW OF TIPPLE LOOKING NORTHWEST, SHOWING LARRY CARS BELOW HOPPER BIN. GRAY FITZSIMONS, HAER HISTORIAN, IS STANDING ON PLATFORM NEXT TO LARRY CARS - Lucernemines Coke Works, Larry Car Tipple, East of Lucerne, Lucerne Mines, Indiana County, PA

288

49 CFR 215.303 - Stenciling of restricted cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Stenciling of restricted cars. 215.303 Section 215.303 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Stenciling § 215.303 Stenciling of restricted cars. (a) Each restricted railroad...

2011-10-01

289

49 CFR 215.303 - Stenciling of restricted cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Stenciling of restricted cars. 215.303 Section 215.303 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Stenciling § 215.303 Stenciling of restricted cars. (a) Each restricted railroad...

2012-10-01

290

Coal cars - the first three hundred years  

SciTech Connect

This is the comprehensive study of the freight cars that conveyed coal across broad swaths of land that had been impassible before the invention of the steam engine. This volume traces the history and evolution of coal cars from their earliest use in England to the construction of major railways for the purpose of coal hauling and the end of the steam era on American railroads. In addition to contextualizing coal cars in the annals of industrial history, the book features extensive design specifications and drawings as well as a complete history of the various safety and mechanical innovations employed on these freight cars. It concludes with a photographic essay illustrating the development of the coal car over its first 300 years of use. 608 photos.

Martin Robert Karig III

2007-12-15

291

2. VIEW OF WASH TANKS Skins are brought in through ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW OF WASH TANKS Skins are brought in through hatches, seen on rear wall, and washed of blood and flesh in redwood tanks, with wooden grates to hold skins down in water. Superstructure and screening on tanks are a later alteration, unrelated to this process. - Sealing Plant, St. George Island, Pribilof Islands, Saint George, Aleutians West Census Area, AK

292

Reuse of effluent from a wastepaper wash-deinking process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prerequisite for success of any wastepaper recycling technology based on a wash-deinking process is the reuse of effluents. Characteristics of effluent from a laboratory scale newsprint wash-deinking plant, are presented in relation to the recycling ratio of the effluent after clarification by chemical treatment and sedimentation. The recycling ratios used varied from 0 to 95%. The deinking process operating under

D. G. Economides; A. G. Vlyssides; S. I. Simonetis; Th. L. Philippakopoulou

1998-01-01

293

2. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST AT CHINA WASH FLUME ON MAIN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST AT CHINA WASH FLUME ON MAIN CANAL - San Carlos Irrigation Project, China Wash Flume, Main (Florence-Case Grande) Canal at Station 137+00, T4S, R10E, S14, Coolidge, Pinal County, AZ

294

1. VIEW LOOKING WEST AT CHINA WASH FLUME ON MAIN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW LOOKING WEST AT CHINA WASH FLUME ON MAIN CANAL. - San Carlos Irrigation Project, China Wash Flume, Main (Florence-Case Grande) Canal at Station 137+00, T4S, R10E, S14, Coolidge, Pinal County, AZ

295

BLAISDELL SLOW SAND FILTER WASHING MACHINE. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST. PIPING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

BLAISDELL SLOW SAND FILTER WASHING MACHINE. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST. PIPING IN FOREGROUND IS NOT RELATED TO THE MACHINE. THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF SETTLING RESERVOIR NO. 3 IS SEEN AT THE LOWER LEFT. - Yuma Main Street Water Treatment Plant, Blaisdell Slow Sand Filter Washing Machine, Jones Street at foot of Main Street, Yuma, Yuma County, AZ

296

33 CFR 157.124 - COW tank washing machines.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false COW tank washing machines. 157.124 Section 157.124 Navigation...and Installation § 157.124 COW tank washing machines. (a) COW machines must be permanently mounted in each cargo...

2013-07-01

297

Development of hair-washing robot equipped with scrubbing fingers  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed the world's first hair-washing robot equipped with scrubbing fingers. This robot assists in washing hair in hospitals or care facilities, and it eases the burden of healthcare professionals and care workers while it brings a higher quality of life to patients and others in need of nursing care. It features the mechanical and control technologies needed for

Toshinori Hirose; Soichiro Fujioka; Osamu Mizuno; Tohru Nakamura

2012-01-01

298

EPA site demonstration of the Biotrol Soil Washing Process  

SciTech Connect

A pilot-scale soil washing process, patented by BioTrol, was demonstrated on soil that was contaminated by wood treating waste. The BioTrol Soil Washing was demonstrated in a treatment train sequence with two other pilot-scale units of BioTrol technologies for treatment of waste streams from the soil washer. The three technologies of the treatment train were: The BioTrol Soil Washer (BSW), the BioTrol Aqueous Treatment System (BATS), and the Slurry Bioreactor (SBR). The BioTrol processes were evaluated on pentachlorophenol (PCP) and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which were the primary soil contaminants at the site. The sandy site soil, consisting of less than 10% of fines, was well suited for treatment by soil washing. The BSW successfully separated the feed soil (100% by weight) into 83% of washed soil, 10% of woody residues, and 7% of fines. The soil washer achieved up to 89% removal of PCP and PAHs, based on the difference between their levels in the feed soil and in the washed soil. The BATS degraded up to 94% of PCP in the process water from soil washing. The SBR achieved over 90% removals of PCP and 70-90% removals of PAHs, respectively from the soil washing. Cost of a commercial-scale soil washing, assuming use of all three technologies, was estimated to be $168 per ton of treated soil.

Stinson, M.K.; Skovronek, H.S.; Ellis, W.D.

1992-01-01

299

Compliance of hand washing practices: Theory versus practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hand washing remains an important preventative method for making the transmission of nosocomial infections redundant. Despite awareness by health workers of the practices required and of the legislation governing hand washing, the study reported here found that compliance to these procedures was quite poor. The results of two surveys distributed to health workers and direct observation by clinical staff in

Lorette Roberts; Patrick Bolton; Sonia Asman

1998-01-01

300

EPA SITE DEMONSTRATION OF THE BIOTROL SOIL WASHING PROCESS  

EPA Science Inventory

A pilot-scale soil washing process, patented by BioTrol, Inc., was demonstrate on soil contaminated by wood treating waste, primarily pentachlorophenol (PCP) and creosote-derived polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Although soil washing was the main object of this demonstra...

301

Garment washed jeans: impact of launderings on physical properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper reports on the effects of laundering on physical properties (pilling and edge abrasion) of washed denim fabrics. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Garment washed denim blue jeans were subjected to repeated launderings; the effects of the cycles on pilling and edge abrasion were determined. Data were collected by means of a laboratory experimental factorial design. Analysis of variance was

Ayanna Card; Mary Ann Moore; Mary Ankeny

2006-01-01

302

Genesis Eco Systems, Inc. soil washing process  

SciTech Connect

The Genesis soil washing system is an integrated system of modular design allowing for maximum material handling capabilities, with optimized use of space for site mobility. The Surfactant Activated Bio-enhanced Remediation Equipment-Generation 1 (SABRE-1, Patent Applied For) modification was developed specifically for removing petroleum byproducts from contaminated soils. Scientifically formulated surfactants, introduced by high pressure spray nozzles, displace the contaminant from the surface of the soil particles into the process solution. Once the contaminant is dispersed into the liquid fraction of the process, it is either mechanically removed, chemically oxidized, or biologically oxidized. The contaminated process water is pumped through the Genesis Biosep (Patent Applied For) filtration system where the fines portion is flocculated, and the contaminant-rich liquid portion is combined with an activated mixture of nutrients and carefully selected bacteria to decompose the hydrocarbon fraction. The treated soil and dewatered fines are transferred to a bermed stockpile where bioremediation continues during drying. The process water is reclaimed, filtered, and recycled within the system.

Cena, R.J.

1994-10-11

303

Solvent washing of aged PCP contaminated soils  

SciTech Connect

The study evaluates the removal of pentachlorophenol (PCP), a wood preserving agent, from soils that have been contaminated over a period of time. Previously, equal proportions of ethanol and water were found to have the highest PCP removal efficiencies for above ground batch extractions at variouS soil:solvent ratios. In addition, the 50% and 75% ethanol solutions achieved higher removal efficiencies at low solvent throughputs in in-situ soil flushing experiments. In batch extraction tests, the 50% ethanol solution obtained higher PCP removal efficiencies for all soil fractions than the DI water and 100% ethanol solution. The PCP removal efficiency for in-situ above ground soil washing experiments was consistently higher for the 100x140 U.S. mesh soil, regardless of the aging period. In addition, for both in-situ flushing and above ground tests, a lower PCP removal efficiency was obtained for the 20x40 U.S. mesh soil conditioned at 60 C than that for the same soil fraction aged at room temperature. (Copyright (c) 1993 Water Environment Federation).

Khodadoust, A.P.; Wagner, J.A.; Suidan, M.T.; Safferman, S.I.

1993-01-01

304

Eggshell bacterial levels of non-washed and washed eggs from caged and cage-free hens  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The bacteria levels of non-washed and washed eggs obtained from caged and cage-free laying hens housed on either all shavings or all wire slat floors were determined. On eight sample days (from 22 to 52 weeks at 4 week intervals), 20 eggs were collected from each pen (n=120/sample day). Ten eggs p...

305

Eggshell bacterial contamination of non-washed and washed eggs from caged and cage-free hens  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This study was conducted to evaluate the microbiology of non-washed and washed table eggs obtained from caged and cage-free laying hens housed on either all shavings or all wire slat environments. Both Hy-Line W-37 white and Hy-Line brown strains were used. On each of four replication sample days ...

306

Soil washing as a potential remediation technology for contaminated DOE sites  

SciTech Connect

Frequently detected contaminants at US Department of Energy (DOE) sites include radionuclides, heavy metals, and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Remediation of these sites requires application of several technologies used in concert with each other, because no single technology is universally applicable. Special situations, such as mixed waste, generally require innovative technology development. This paper, however, focuses on contaminated soils, for which soil washing and vitrification technologies appear to have wide ranging application potential. Because the volumes of contaminated soils around the DOE complex are so large, soil washing can offer a potentially inexpensive way to effect remediation or to attain waste volume reduction. As costs for disposal of low-level and mixed wastes continue to rise, it is likely that volume-reduction techniques and in-situ containment techniques will become increasingly important. This paper reviews the status of the soil washing technology, examines the systems that are currently available, and discusses the potential application of this technology to some DOE sites, with a focus on radionuclide contamination and, primarily, uranium-contaminated soils

Devgun, J.S.; Beskid, N.J. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Natsis, M.E. (Princeton Univ., NJ (United States)); Walker, J.S. (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-01-01

307

Soil washing as a potential remediation technology for contaminated DOE sites  

SciTech Connect

Frequently detected contaminants at US Department of Energy (DOE) sites include radionuclides, heavy metals, and chlorinated hydrocarbons. Remediation of these sites requires application of several technologies used in concert with each other, because no single technology is universally applicable. Special situations, such as mixed waste, generally require innovative technology development. This paper, however, focuses on contaminated soils, for which soil washing and vitrification technologies appear to have wide ranging application potential. Because the volumes of contaminated soils around the DOE complex are so large, soil washing can offer a potentially inexpensive way to effect remediation or to attain waste volume reduction. As costs for disposal of low-level and mixed wastes continue to rise, it is likely that volume-reduction techniques and in-situ containment techniques will become increasingly important. This paper reviews the status of the soil washing technology, examines the systems that are currently available, and discusses the potential application of this technology to some DOE sites, with a focus on radionuclide contamination and, primarily, uranium-contaminated soils

Devgun, J.S.; Beskid, N.J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Natsis, M.E. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States); Walker, J.S. [USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)

1993-03-01

308

Multimodal CARS microscopy of structured carbohydrate biopolymers  

PubMed Central

We demonstrate the utility of multimodal coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy for the study of structured condensed carbohydrate systems. Simultaneous second-harmonic generation (SHG) and spectrally-scanned CARS microscopy was used to elucidate structure, alignment, and density in cellulose cotton fibers and in starch grains undergoing rapid heat-moisture swelling. Our results suggest that CARS response of the O-H stretch region (3000 cm?1–3400 cm?1), together with the commonly-measured C-H stretch (2750 cm?1–2970 cm?1) and SHG provide potentially important structural information and contrast in these materials.

Slepkov, Aaron D.; Ridsdale, Andrew; Pegoraro, Adrian F.; Moffatt, Douglas J.; Stolow, Albert

2010-01-01

309

Illinois PER Interactive Examples: Pendulum in Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an interactive homework problem for introductory physics students relating to Newton's Second Law. Inside an accelerating car, a ball of known mass hangs from a string. Given the string displacement from the vertical, the student must determine the magnitude of the car's acceleration. A user-activated "help" sequence promotes understanding of this situation relative to positions both inside and outside the car. Included are a step-by-step conceptual analysis, free-body diagrams, and explanation of math applications. To promote critical thinking, immediate feedback is received for both correct and incorrect responses. This item is part of a larger collection of interactive homework problems for introductory physics.

Gladding, Gary

2008-09-12

310

Polymerization in narrow fractions of coal tar wash-oil  

SciTech Connect

Certain changes take place in coal tar wash-oil as it is circulated through the benzol hydrocarbons recovery and distillation cycle. It undergoes condensation, loses much of its light distillates content and attains a higher cp. One major problem with coal tar wash-oil is its tendency to form polymers as it circulates through the processing cycle and comes into contact with coke-oven gas. The polymerization rate is affected by a number of factors relating to the composition of the wash-oil, the concentrations in the coke-oven gas of components capable of promoting condensation and the operating conditions in the processing cycle. It has been shown that H/sub 2/S and O/sub 2/ in the coke-oven gas greatly accelerate polymerization processes in the wash-oil. Cyanide compounds and oxides of nitrogen also impair the quality of coal tar wash-oil.The deterioration of wash-oil in circulation leads to a serious rise in its cp and the rapid build-up of deposits on the scrubber packings, with serious effects on the performances of the benzol recovery and distillation sections. We have attempted to evaluate the polymerization tendencies of individual narrow wash-oil fractions. The tests were planned to simulate the conditions under which wash-oil can condense and polymerize. The results show that polymerization proceeds most rapidly in the fractions boiling at 280 to 285 and 285 to 295/sup 0/C. They rapidly increase in density and viscosity and lower the quality of the entire oil. The most stable fractions in respect of polymerization are those boiling up to 270/sup 0/C and up to 280/sup 0/C. These tests have shown that wash-oil boiling up to 280/sup 0/C is the least liable to polymerization; its processing quality is superior and the specific consumption can thus be reduced.

Volkov, E.L.; Akulov, P.V.; Zhilyaev, Yu. A.; Samarkina, A.A.

1981-01-01

311

Charging car for coke ovens  

SciTech Connect

A coal-charging apparatus includes a charging car with charging bins to discharge coal through filling tubes into charging holes in the roof of an oven chamber. A feed-screw conveys coal from the bottom of a charging bin to a trough communicating with a fixed filling tube. A peripheral trough on the bottom of this tube is filled with sand or liquid and receives a peripheral seal lip on the inside of a movable sealing tube. Hooks on the outside and at the top of the movable sealing tube engage a ring that is suspended by bearings at both ends of a stirrup. The filling tube is raised and lowered by a linkage system that includes a lever supported by a platform and operated by a piston and cylinder assembly. A closure plate is operated by a linkage including a lever supported by a platform and engaged with a piston and cylinder assembly. The closure plate is a leading edge that engages below a wall just above the fixed charging tube.

Kwasnik, H.; Piduch, H.

1982-02-09

312

How to Buy a Car 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article elaborates on the basics of problem-based learning units and tips for implementation. The problem-based learning unit described focuses on the course of action involved in purchasing a new car. (Contains 2 figures.)|

Flores, Charity A.

2006-01-01

313

Car Seat Safety: Avoid 10 Common Mistakes  

MedlinePLUS

... at least 35 pounds (about 16 kilograms) — or height allowed by the car seat manufacturer. You can ... typically has a higher rear-facing weight and height limit than an infant-only seat, or switch ...

314

Ultrafast CARS with Improved Spectral Resolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Molecular vibrations are investigated by time and frequency resolved CARS applying ultrafast excitation and picosecond probing for high spectral resolution. Enhanced spectral structure and beating phenomena are demonstrated for coalescing Raman bands.

Lütgens, M.; Chatzipapadopoulos, S.; Lochbrunner, S.

2013-03-01

315

How to Buy a Car 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article elaborates on the basics of problem-based learning units and tips for implementation. The problem-based learning unit described focuses on the course of action involved in purchasing a new car. (Contains 2 figures.)

Flores, Charity A.

2006-01-01

316

Policy: A challenging future for cars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rising demand for road vehicles increases Europe's oil dependency and carbon emissions. Switching to alternative cars and fuels can help energy security and climate change policy, if consumers can be persuaded.

Howey, David A.

2012-01-01

317

Robot car learns as it travels  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A robotic car under development at Oxford University, interprets its surroundings and makes decisions about where to go. The scientists behind it say the technology could eliminate the agony and cost of traffic jams. Stuart McDill reports.

n/a n/a (Scientific American;)

2011-10-12

318

Target pricing: a marketing management tool for pricing new cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 15 years, many UK car manufacturers have learned that quality must be designed into cars before they are manufactured - it is expensive, if not misguided, to create quality by inspection after the car has left the production line. Examines the rigorous cost management technique which helps prevent senior managers from launching low-margin cars which do not

Ogenyi Ejye Omar

1997-01-01

319

Used car salesman problem: A differential auction-barter market  

Microsoft Academic Search

We define a problem called “used car salesman problem” in which sale, purchase and barter bids can be simultaneously put forward for trading cars. A sale or a purchase bid is expressed in terms of a single car and a sale or purchase price that is required for the car. A barter bid, on the other hand, can be augmented

Can C. Özturan

2005-01-01

320

49 CFR 215.121 - Defective car body.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Defective car body. 215.121 Section 215.121 Transportation...SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Car Bodies § 215.121 Defective car body. A railroad may not place or continue in...

2011-10-01

321

49 CFR 215.121 - Defective car body.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Defective car body. 215.121 Section 215.121 Transportation...SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Car Bodies § 215.121 Defective car body. A railroad may not place or continue in...

2009-10-01

322

49 CFR 215.121 - Defective car body.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Defective car body. 215.121 Section 215.121 Transportation...SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Car Bodies § 215.121 Defective car body. A railroad may not place or continue in...

2010-10-01

323

Emotions as determinants of electric car usage intention  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a sample of 1202 Belgians, the determining factors of the usage intention of an electric car and the differences between early and late usage intention segments are investigated. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) framework is extended with emotional reactions towards the electric car and car driving in general. Emotions and the attitude towards the electric car are the

Ingrid Moons; Patrick De Pelsmacker

2012-01-01

324

CARS Concentration Sensitivity With and Without Nonresonant Background Suppression  

Microsoft Academic Search

—Species detectivity is limited in conventional CARS approaches with aligned laser polarizations by the presence of a background, nonresonant electronic contribution to the CARS signal. At low species densities, a modulated CARS spectrum results which can be used to perform concentration measurements from the spectral shape, a unique feature of CARS. When the species concentration becomes very low, the “signal”

ALAN C. ECKBRETH; ROBERT J. HALL

1981-01-01

325

40 CFR 201.13 - Standard for rail car operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Standard for rail car operations. 201.13 Section 201...Standards § 201.13 Standard for rail car operations. Effective December 31...to this regulation shall operate any rail car or combination of rail cars which...

2013-07-01

326

Apparatus for loosening frozen coal in hopper cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Frozen lumps of coal in conventional hopper cars are loosened by lowering an assembly of vertically oriented probe elements into the car while simultaneously vibrating the assembly. The vibratory structure is mounted on a gantry arrangement which also supports a supplemental probe arrangement utilizing impact forces to loosen coal in hopper cars having interiors different from those of the cars

1980-01-01

327

Designing and implementing an intelligent Bluetooth-enabled robot car  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a designing process and implementation details of an intelligent Bluetooth-enabled robot car are described. The robot car is wirelessly remote controlled via Bluetooth. In addition, a comparative analysis of the different kinds of sensors, which are useful in robot cars, is provided. Moreover, a review of the wireless robot car remote controlling systems is provided.

Heikki Rissanen; Jukka Mahonen; Keijo Haataja; Markus Johansson; Jamo Mielikainen; Pekka Toivanen

2009-01-01

328

49 CFR 238.311 - Single car test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Single car test. 238.311 Section 238.311 Transportation...Passenger Equipment § 238.311 Single car test. (a) Except for self-propelled passenger cars, single car tests of all passenger...

2012-10-01

329

49 CFR 218.80 - Movement of occupied camp cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Movement of occupied camp cars. 218.80 Section 218.80 Transportation...OPERATING PRACTICES Protection of Occupied Camp Cars § 218.80 Movement of occupied camp cars. Occupied cars may not be humped or flat...

2011-10-01

330

49 CFR 218.80 - Movement of occupied camp cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Movement of occupied camp cars. 218.80 Section 218.80 Transportation...OPERATING PRACTICES Protection of Occupied Camp Cars § 218.80 Movement of occupied camp cars. Occupied cars may not be humped or flat...

2012-10-01

331

49 CFR 238.311 - Single car test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Single car test. 238.311 Section 238.311 Transportation...Passenger Equipment § 238.311 Single car test. (a) Except for self-propelled passenger cars, single car tests of all passenger...

2011-10-01

332

40 CFR 201.13 - Standard for rail car operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Standard for rail car operations. 201.13 Section 201...Standards § 201.13 Standard for rail car operations. Effective December 31...to this regulation shall operate any rail car or combination of rail cars which...

2011-07-01

333

49 CFR 173.31 - Use of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Use of tank cars. 173.31 Section 173.31 Transportation...Transportation § 173.31 Use of tank cars. (a) General. (1) No person...hazardous material for transportation in a tank car unless the tank car meets the...

2012-10-01

334

Effect of manipulated prestige-car ownership on both sex attractiveness ratings.  

PubMed

Previous studies have shown that male attractiveness can be enhanced by manipulation of status through, for example, the medium of costume. The present study experimentally manipulated status by seating the same target model (male and female matched for attractiveness) expressing identical facial expressions and posture in either a 'high status' (Silver Bentley Continental GT) or a 'neutral status' (Red Ford Fiesta ST) motor-car. A between-subjects design was used whereby the above photographic images were presented to male and female participants for attractiveness rating. Results showed that the male target model was rated as significantly more attractive on a rating scale of 1-10 when presented to female participants in the high compared to the neutral status context. Males were not influenced by status manipulation, as there was no significant difference between attractiveness ratings for the female seated in the high compared to the neutral condition. It would appear that despite a noticeable increase in female ownership of prestige/luxury cars over recent years males, unlike females remain oblivious to such cues in matters pertaining to opposite-sex attraction. These findings support the results of previous status enhancement of attractiveness studies especially those espousing sex differences in mate preferences are due to sex-specific adaptations. PMID:19302732

Dunn, Michael J; Searle, Robert

2009-03-19

335

The smart car based on laser control  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this essay, we mainly discuss the philosophy and designing experience of self-directed smart car model based on the chip XS128 produced by Freecale company. The smart car system, with the Fresscale 16-bitsingle-chip MC9S12XS128 as its control microprocessor, uses signal acquisition module to obtain lane image information, and adopts signal PID control strategy together with PWM technology to have a

Qiuleji; Jiang Lianbo; Hong Hao; Zhang Hongbing

2011-01-01

336

On Subalgebras of the Car-Algebra  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every nuclear unital separable C*-algebra A is unitally and completely isometrically ismorphic to the range of a unital completely positive projection on the CAR-algbra B = M2 ? M2 ? ···. Let C be a nuclearly imbeddable separable unital C*-algebra in the sense of Voiculescu [VO13]. Then there exists a C*-subalgebra E of the CAR-algebra B such that C is

E. Kirchberg

1995-01-01

337

33 CFR 157.150 - Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual: Recording information after inspections.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment...TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Inspections § 157.150 Crude Oil Washing Operations and...

2010-07-01

338

78 FR 28577 - Notification of Proposed Production Activity: Whirlpool Corporation Subzone 8I; (Washing Machines...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Whirlpool Corporation Subzone 8I; (Washing Machines): Clyde and Green Springs, Ohio Whirlpool...produce standard and high capacity washing machines using certain imported components. The...subassemblies and other unfinished washing machine parts to the list of approved...

2013-05-15

339

40 CFR 429.110 - Applicability; description of the log washing subcategory.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Applicability; description of the log washing subcategory...429.110 Applicability; description of the log washing subcategory...subpart applies to discharges to waters of the United States and...log washing process in which water under pressure is...

2013-07-01

340

29. CIRCULAR WASH BASIN, TOILETS ABOVE ROOF PANEL STORAGE AREA. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

29. CIRCULAR WASH BASIN, TOILETS ABOVE ROOF PANEL STORAGE AREA. VIEW TO WEST-NORTHWEST. - Ford Motor Company Long Beach Assembly Plant, Assembly Building, 700 Henry Ford Avenue, Long Beach, Los Angeles County, CA

341

Why Do I Need to Wash My Hands?  

MedlinePLUS

... hot) when you wash your hands. Use whatever soap you like. Some soaps come in cool shapes and colors or smell ... scrubbing is the kind you should use. Antibacterial soaps are OK to use, but regular soap works ...

342

7. PRESSURE CONDUIT ACROSS SCHOOL HOUSE WASH ON THE POWER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. PRESSURE CONDUIT ACROSS SCHOOL HOUSE WASH ON THE POWER CANAL Photographer: Walter J. Lubken, February 21, 1906 - Roosevelt Power Canal & Diversion Dam, Parallels Salt River, Roosevelt, Gila County, AZ

343

38. Photocopy of ink and wash rendering by N. G. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

38. Photocopy of ink and wash rendering by N. G. Starkwether in collection of Mr. & Mrs. Richard T. Pratt, Camden REAR ELEVATION OF W. C. PRATT'S COUNTRY SEAT - Camden, Rappahannock River, Port Royal, Caroline County, VA

344

PARTS WASHING ALTERNATIVES STUDY - UNITED STATES COAST GUARD  

EPA Science Inventory

This report has been written to assist the United States Coast Guard (USCG) industrial managers in determining the most cost effective and environmentally acceptable parts washing alternatives for their specific applications. n evaluation was conducted on four different cleaners ...

345

PARTS WASHING ALTERNATIVES STUDY - UNITED STATES COAST GUARD  

EPA Science Inventory

This report has been written to assist the United States Coast Guard (USCG) industrial managers in determining the most cost effective and environmentally acceptable parts washing alternatives for their specific applications. An; evaluation was conducted on four different cleane...

346

Remote Sensing Study - Las Vegas Wash Basin, Las Vegas, Nevada.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The aerial reconnaissance program reports were designed to fulfill the following objectives: Establish the presence of and discharge patterns for the pollutant seepage; establish the presence of industrial/municipal wastes entering the Wash; locate and do...

1972-01-01

347

37. Photocopy of ink and wash rendering by N. G. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. Photocopy of ink and wash rendering by N. G. Starkwether in collection of Mr. & Mrs. Richard T. Pratt, Camden SIDE ELEVATION OF ITALIAN VILLA FOR W. C. PRATT, ESQr - Camden, Rappahannock River, Port Royal, Caroline County, VA

348

SOIL WASHING TREATABILITY TESTS FOR PESTICIDE- CONTAMINATED SOIL  

EPA Science Inventory

The 1987 Sand Creek Operable Unit 5 record of decision (ROD) identified soil washing as the selected technology to remediate soils contaminated with high levels of organochlorine pesticides, herbicides, and metals. Initial treatability tests conducted to assess the applicability...

349

View of Steel Flume Bridge #2 crossing over wash. Looking ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of Steel Flume Bridge #2 crossing over wash. Looking downstream, southwest - Childs-Irving Hydroelectric Project, Childs System, Flume Bridge No. 2, Forest Service Road 708/502, Camp Verde, Yavapai County, AZ

350

Study of efficient washing machines, dishwashers and driers. Interim report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This interim report provides the preliminary results of a study on energy efficiency of wet appliances (washing machines, dishwashers and driers) carried out by the Group for Efficient Appliances (GEA). More specifically, the study aims at establishing a ...

1994-01-01

351

Quantifying the Complex Hydrologic Response of a Desert Ephemeral Wash.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The objective of this research is to increase current understanding of drylands hydrology by quantifying the hydrologic response of two geomorphic surfaces in an ephemeral wash to seasonal precipitation inputs. Specifically, the aim is to understand how w...

J. A. Ramirez S. Howe

2011-01-01

352

Evaluation of Potential Spacecraft Wash Water Pretreatment Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The studies evaluated several treatment processes for use in the purification of the recycle wash waters generated aboard spacecrafts. The unit processes investigated included: regenerable filtration, ultrafiltration, regenerable sand depth filtration, re...

D. C. Grant A. Gollan R. L. Goldsmith

1975-01-01

353

33 CFR 162.235 - Puget Sound Area, Wash.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Wash. (a) Waterway connecting Port Townsend and Oak Bay; use, administration, and...approximately 400 yards northwest of Port Townsend Canal Light. The âcanalâ is the...sound the signal within 600 yards of Port Townsend Canal Light. Northbound...

2013-07-01

354

Effect of water washing on crude oil compositions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Crude oils from Venezuela, Oklahoma, and New Mexico were water washed in the laboratory at temperatures from room temperature to 80°C, and with water salinities from 0 to 300,000 mg\\/L in experiments lasting from 7 to 338 hours. The effects of water washing were determined by gas chromatographic and gas chromatography-mass spectrometric analysis of the residual oil. These experiments show

E. Lafargue; C. Barker

1988-01-01

355

Acoustic drying of garments in drum-type washing machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers the way of increasing effectiveness and decreasing the power-consuming of drying the garments in the drum-type washing machines using the high-intensity sound waves. Stated the requirements for acoustic drying system for washing machines and offered the ways for practical realization use piezoelectric transducer. Major components of acoustic drying system, such as piezoelectric transducer, acoustic resonators, soundproof, are

Genadiy V. Leonov; Vladimir N. Khmelev; Igor I. Savin; Roman V. Barsukov; Sergey N. Tsyganok; Andrey N. Zaborovsky; Maxim V. Khmelev

2005-01-01

356

The furification process in hydraulic packed-bed wash columns  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydraulic packed-bed wash columns are continuous solid-liquid separators, which can be applied as the final step in fractional suspension crystallization processes aimed at ultrapurification of organic compounds. In this paper an experimental study and a mathematical model of the purification process in packed-bed wash columns are presented. The developed model can be used to calculate concentration, temperature and porosity profiles

M. Matsuoka

1995-01-01

357

49 CFR 231.8 - Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short side sills and end platforms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short side sills and end platforms. 231...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.8 Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short...

2011-10-01

358

49 CFR 231.8 - Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short side sills and end platforms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short side sills and end platforms. 231...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.8 Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short...

2012-10-01

359

Aluminum cars: fast track to coal-haul savings  

Microsoft Academic Search

While aluminum railroad cars are not new, South Carolina's Public Service Authority, called Santee Cooper, created a transportation milestone when it ordered 300 lightweight aluminum cars for coal-train service. Sizable cost savings are expected with the two car types: composite aluminum\\/steel body hopper and all-aluminum gondola. The authors detail the cars' specifications, manufacture, and maintenance; describe other recent aluminum-car productions;

1983-01-01

360

WASH inhibits autophagy through suppression of Beclin 1 ubiquitination.  

PubMed

Autophagy degrades cytoplasmic proteins and organelles to recycle cellular components that are required for cell survival and tissue homeostasis. However, it is not clear how autophagy is regulated in mammalian cells. WASH (Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) and SCAR homologue) plays an essential role in endosomal sorting through facilitating tubule fission via Arp2/3 activation. Here, we demonstrate a novel function of WASH in modulation of autophagy. We show that WASH deficiency causes early embryonic lethality and extensive autophagy of mouse embryos. WASH inhibits vacuolar protein sorting (Vps)34 kinase activity and autophagy induction. We identified that WASH is a new interactor of Beclin 1. Beclin 1 is ubiquitinated at lysine 437 through lysine 63 linkage in cells undergoing autophagy. Ambra1 is an E3 ligase for lysine 63-linked ubiquitination of Beclin 1 that is required for starvation-induced autophagy. The lysine 437 ubiquitination of Beclin 1 enhances the association with Vps34 to promote Vps34 activity. WASH can suppress Beclin 1 ubiquitination to inactivate Vps34 activity leading to suppression of autophagy. PMID:23974797

Xia, Pengyan; Wang, Shuo; Du, Ying; Zhao, Zhenao; Shi, Lei; Sun, Lei; Huang, Guanling; Ye, Buqing; Li, Chong; Dai, Zhonghua; Hou, Ning; Cheng, Xuan; Sun, Qingyuan; Li, Lei; Yang, Xiao; Fan, Zusen

2013-08-23

361

49 CFR 179.300 - General specifications applicable to multi-unit tank car tanks designed to be removed from car...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...General specifications applicable to multi-unit tank car tanks designed to be removed from car structure for filling and emptying (Classes DOT-106A...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS Specifications for Multi-Unit Tank Car...

2012-10-01

362

49 CFR 179.300 - General specifications applicable to multi-unit tank car tanks designed to be removed from car...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...General specifications applicable to multi-unit tank car tanks designed to be removed from car structure for filling and emptying (Classes DOT-106A...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS Specifications for Multi-Unit Tank Car...

2011-10-01

363

Soft-Computing-Based Car Body Deformation and EES Determination for Car Crash Analysis Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Car body deformation modeling plays a very important role in crash accident analyses, as well as in safe car body design. The determination of the energy absorbed by the deformation and the corresponding energy equivalent speed can be of key importance; however, their precise determination is a very difficult task. Starting from the results of crash tests, intelligent and soft

Annamária R. Várkonyi-Kóczy; András Rövid; Maria da Graca Ruano

2006-01-01

364

Assessment of resist outgassing related EUV optics contamination for CAR and non-CAR material chemistries  

Microsoft Academic Search

EUV lithography is expected to be the key lithography option for sub-22nm device manufacturing. In order to meet the required imaging capability, resist performance improvements are being investigated by exploring both chemically amplified resists (CAR) and non-CAR chemistries. Another critical item related to resist chemistry is the EUV irradiation induced outgassing and its risk for optics contamination, especially towards high

I. Pollentier; I. Neira; R. Gronheid

2011-01-01

365

49 CFR 173.314 - Compressed gases in tank cars and multi-unit tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...1991, must have an insulation system consisting of 5.08 cm (2 inches) glass fiber placed over 5.08 cm (2 inches) of ceramic fiber. Tank cars must have excess flow valves on the interior pipes of liquid discharge valves. Tank cars constructed...

2011-10-01

366

Manual of Car Utilization Practices and Procedures. Freight Car Utilization Research-Demonstration Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The manual presents practices and procedures currently employed by American railroads to control and improve car utilization. The manual is a product of Task 1 of the Freight Car Utilization Research and Demonstration Program. The scope of Task 1 was to i...

R. N. Steele F. E. Kuester W. R. Boyd W. H. Cramer

1976-01-01

367

Characterization of three-color CARS in a two-pulse broadband CARS spectrum.  

PubMed

We demonstrate that a broadband coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) spectrum generated with a typical two-pulse scheme contains two distinct, significant signals: '2-color' CARS, where the pump and probe are provided by a narrowband pulse and the continuum pulse constitutes the Stokes light, and '3-color' CARS, where the pump and Stokes are provided by two different frequency components in the continuum pulse and the narrowband pulse serves as the probe. The CARS spectra from the two different mechanisms show distinct characteristics in Raman shift range, laser power dependence, and chirping dependence. We discuss the potential for a 3-color CARS signal to cover the fingerprint region with reduced photodamage of live cells. Official contribution of the National Institute of Standards and Technology; not subject to copyright in the United States. PMID:18026311

Lee, Young Jong; Liu, Yuexin; Cicerone, Marcus T

2007-11-15

368

Technical bases DWPF Late Washing Facility. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

A task force recommended that the technical feasibility of a ``Late Wash` facility be assessed [1]. In this facility, each batch of tetraphenylborate slurry from Tank 49 would be given a final wash to reduce the concentrations of nitrite and radiolysis products to acceptable levels. Laboratory-scale studies have demonstrated that d the nitrite content of the slurry fed to DWPF is reduced to 0.01 M or less (and at least a 4X reduction in concentration of the soluble species is attained), (1) the need for HAN during hydrolysis is eliminated (eliminating the production of ammonium ion during hydrolysis), (2) hydrolysis may be done with a catalyst concentration that will not exceed the copper solubility in glass and (3) the non-polar organic production during hydrolysis is significantly reduced. The first phase of an aggressive research and development program has been completed and all test results obtained to date support the technical feasibility of Late Washing. Paralleling this research and development effort is an aggressive design study directed by DWPF to scope and cost retrofitting the Auxiliary Pump Pit (APP) to enable performing a final wash of each batch of precipitate slurry before R is transferred into the DWPF Soft Processing Cell (SPC). An initial technical bases for the Late Wash Facility was transmitted to DWPF on June 15, 1992. Research and development activities are continuing directed principally at optimization of the cross-f low fitter decontamination methodology and pilot-scale validation of the recommended benzene stripping metodology.

Fish, D.L.; Landon, L.F.

1992-08-10

369

The potential impact of washing machines on laundry malodour generation.  

PubMed

A multidisciplinary approach has been adopted to investigate and identify the source of malodour in washing machines and the potential for cross-contamination of laundry. Four washing machines were olfactively graded, and the number of colony-forming units (CFUs) bacteria was determined in four specific locations. Then, samples of terry-towel and fleece were washed, without the use of detergent, in the machines, and the occurrence of malodour over a 52-h period was assessed. Analysis of the scrapings from the four locations in the two malodorous machines identified a plethora of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by either olfactory detection or mass spectral identification post-gas chromatographic separation. In addition, microbiological analysis from the swabs from the four locations within all four washing machines was carried out. Quantitative analysis of VOCs from 66 microbiological isolates from either the washing machines or fabrics was carried out. In total, 10 VOCs were identified: dimethyl disulfide, 3-methyl-1-butanol, 2,4-dithiapentane, dimethyl trisulfide, 2-tridecanone, indole, 2-phenylethanol, isovaleric acid, isobutyric acid and 1-undecene. PMID:23350695

Stapleton, K; Hill, K; Day, K; Perry, J D; Dean, J R

2013-02-22

370

ChemMatCARS Data Archive  

DOE Data Explorer

ChemMatCARS is a high-brilliance national synchrotron x-ray facility dedicated primarily to static and dynamic condensed matter chemistry and materials science. The scientific focus of the facility includes the study of surface and interfacial properties of liquids and solids as well as their bulk structure at atomic, molecular and mesoscopic length scales with high spatial and energy resolution. Experimental techniques supported by the facility include: 1) Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering; 2) Solid Surface X-ray Scattering; 3) Time-Resolved Crystallography; 4) Micro-Crystal Diffraction; 5) Small and Wide-angle X-ray Scattering. The data archive referenced here contains data for various components along the beamline within the First Optics Enclosure and is intended to be input or parameter data. See the Science Nuggets at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/chemmat/pages/nuggets.html for leads to some of the research conducted at the ChemMatCARS beamline.

371

Leica solution: CARS microscopy at video rates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Confocal and multiphoton microscopy are powerful techniques to study morphology and dynamics in cells and tissue, if fluorescent labeling is possible or autofluorescence is strong. For non-fluorescent molecules, Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy provides chemical contrast based on intrinsic and highly specific vibrational properties of molecules eliminating the need for labeling. Just as other multiphoton techniques, CARS microscopy possesses three-dimensional sectioning capabilities. Leica Microsystems has combined the CARS imaging technology with its TCS SP5 confocal microscope to provide several advantages for CARS imaging. For CARS microscopy, two picosecond near-infrared lasers are overlapped spatially and temporally and sent into the scanhead of the confocal system. The software allows programmed, automatic switching between these light sources for multi-modal imaging. Furthermore the Leica TCS SP5 can be equipped with a non-descanned detector which will significantly enhance the signal. The Leica TCS SP5 scanhead combines two technologies in one system: a conventional scanner for maximum resolution and a resonant scanner for high time resolution. The fast scanner allows imaging speeds as high as 25 images/per second at a resolution of 512×512 pixel. This corresponds to true video-rate allowing to follow processes at these time-scales as well as the acquisition of three-dimensional stacks in a few seconds. This time resolution is critical to study live animals or human patients for which heart beat and muscle movements lead to a blurring of the image if the acquisition time is high. Furthermore with the resonant scanhead the sectioning is truly confocal and does not suffer from spatial leakage. In summary, CARS microscopy combined with the tandem scanner makes the Leica TCS SP5 a powerful tool for three-dimensional, label-free imaging of chemical and biological samples in vitro and in vivo.

Lurquin, V.

2008-03-01

372

WASHING CONDITIONS AFFECT THE INACTIVATION OF ESCHERICHIA COLI O157:H7 ON FRUIT SURFACES  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Washing with sanitizers is an important step to reduce microbial populations during postharvest handling of produce. The washing efficacy of sanitizers has been extensively studied in the contexts of produce-to-sanitizer ratio, washing time, and washing temperature. Little attention has been paid to...

373

Mechanism of removal of immobilized triacylglycerol by lipolytic enzymes in a sequential laundry wash process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the contribution of lipolytic enzymes to fatty soil removal after repeated laundry wash cycles has been established, the benefit of lipolytic enzymes in detergent products after a single wash is marginal. In order to improve fatty soil removal with the help of lipolytic enzymes during the main wash cycle, a two-step sequential wash system has been set up. Triglyceride

J. A. C. Flipsen; A. C. M. Appel; H. T. W. M. van der Hijden; C. T. Verrips

1998-01-01

374

Passenger car hydrocarbon emissions speciation. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Emission factors for over 60 individual hydrocarbon compounds were determined for four passenger cars. The cars included a 1963 Chevrolet, a 1977 Mustang, and 1978 Monarch, and 1979 LTD II. The speciation data is reported for both tailpipe and evaporative emissions. The tailpipe emissions were for the urban driving conditions of the Federal Test Procedure used in motor vehicle certification. The evaporative emissions were for both diurnal and hot soak conditions, also prescribed in the Federal Test Procedure for certification. The vehicle tests involved four gasoline fuels of varying composition.

Black, F.; High, L.

1980-05-01

375

A-CED Buying a Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Suppose a friend tells you she paid a total of \\$16,368 for a car, and you'd like to know the car's list price (the price before taxes) so that you can...

376

Soil washing results for mixed waste pond soils at Hanford  

SciTech Connect

Soil washing technology was assessed as a means for remediating soil contaminated with mixed wastes primarily composed of heavy metals and radionuclides. The soils at the US Department of Energy's Hanford Site are considered suitable for soil washing because of their relatively low quantities of silt and clay. However, in a limited number of soil washing experiments using soils from different locations in the north pond of the 300 Area, the degree of decontamination achieved for the coarse fraction of the soil varied considerably. Part of this variation appears to be due to the presence of a discrete layer of contaminated sediment found in some of the samples. 7 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

Gerber, M.A.

1991-09-01

377

Washing and caustic leaching of Hanford Tank C-106 sludge  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of a laboratory-scale washing and caustic leaching test performed on sludge from Hanford Tank C-106. The purpose of this test was to determine the behavior of important sludge components when subjected to washing with dilute or concentrated sodium hydroxide solutions. The results of this laboratory-scale test were used to support the design of a bench-scale washing and leaching process used to prepare several hundred grams of high-level waste solids for vitrification tests to be done by private contractors. The laboratory-scale test was conducted at Pacific Northwest Laboratory in FY 1996 as part of the Hanford privatization effort. The work was funded by the US Department of Energy through the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS; EM-30).

Lumetta, G.J.; Wagner, M.J.; Hoopes, F.V.; Steele, R.T.

1996-10-01

378

Survival of Salmonella in waste egg wash water.  

PubMed

Waste wash waters from chicken egg-processing facilities can harbor high densities of bacteria, including salmonellae. For this study, we enumerated total coliforms, Escherichia coli, and Salmonella spp. in the egg wash waters of a large egg producer. We then determined how long these organisms would survive at temperatures of 5, 15, and 25 degrees C. We found that the fraction of salmonellae surviving over time at a given temperature was comparable to the fraction of indicator organisms that survived. We also found that the survival of these organisms varied with temperature, with 16, 8, and < 2 days being required for a 90% reduction of Salmonella in waste wash water held at 5, 15, and 25 degrees C, respectively. Finally, we noted that the response of laboratory-derived cultures to environmental stresses mimics the response of the indigenous microbial population, but individual cells within that population may survive for longer periods than laboratory-cultured strains. PMID:12597482

Meckes, Mark C; Johnson, Clifford H; Rice, Eugene W

2003-02-01

379

BLAISDELL SLOW SAND FILTER WASHING MACHINE. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST. THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

BLAISDELL SLOW SAND FILTER WASHING MACHINE. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST. THE ELECTRIC TROLLEY IS SEEN AT THE LEFT. THE BULKHEAD SEEN AT THE LOWER RIGHT IS NOT PART OF THE MACHINE; IT WAS INSTALLED TO RETAIN THE FILTER SAND AFTER THE MACHINE WAS NO LONGER USED. THE NORTHWEST CORNER OF SETTLING RESERVOIR NO. 4 IS SEEN IN THE DISTANCE BELOW THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE TROLLEY. - Yuma Main Street Water Treatment Plant, Blaisdell Slow Sand Filter Washing Machine, Jones Street at foot of Main Street, Yuma, Yuma County, AZ

380

Method of producing UO2 wherein methanol wash is provided  

SciTech Connect

In the production of UO2, ammonium uranyl carbonate is an intermediate product wet with water and contaminated with ammonium carbonate and is washed with methanol to remove water and ammonium carbonate. The spent methanol containing 50% water and up to 10% ammonium carbonate is subjected to rectification in a column under subatmospheric pressure with cooling the top of the tower to a low temperature to retard decomposition of ammonium carbonate and condense a liquid water fraction. Clogging of the column, vapor lines and condenser by recombination of the decomposition products is prevented. The purified methanol contains less than 5% water and may be returned for further washing of ammonium uranyl carbonate.

Sondermann, T.

1981-03-24

381

100 Area soil washing bench-scale test procedures  

SciTech Connect

This document describes methodologies and procedures for conducting soil washing treatability tests in accordance with the 100 Area Soil Washing Treatability Test Plan (DOE-RL 1992, Draft A). The objective of this treatability study is to evaluate the use of physical separation systems and chemical extraction methods as a means of separating chemically and radioactively contaminated soil fractions from uncontaminated soil fractions. These data will be primarily used for determining feasibility of the individual unit operations and defining the requirements for a system, or systems, for pilot-scale testing.

Freeman, H.D.; Gerber, M.A.; Mattigod, S.V.; Serne, R.J.

1993-03-01

382

Analysis of AMHS Fast Vehicle Ferry Wake Wash Predictions-Phase 2 Report; Comparison of the AMHS FVF Expected Wash Characteristics to Existing AMHS Vessels and Cruise Ships.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

These studies reviewed the predicted wake and wash of the Fast Vehicle Ferry and compared it to wake wash characteristics of existing AMHS vessels and cruise ships operating in Southeast Alaska. Investigators conducted on-scene wake wash measurements of A...

S. Stumbo

2002-01-01

383

Comparison of microbial contamination of enteral feeding solution between repeated use of administration sets after washing with water and after washing followed by disinfection  

Microsoft Academic Search

We compared microbial contamination of in-use enteral feeding solution from repeatedly used administration sets (a delivery bag and an infusion tube) after washing with water or washing followed by disinfection. In eight hospitals where administration sets were re-used after washing with water, residual solution was collected from both the delivery bag and the distal end of the infusion tube immediately

S. Oie; A. Kamiya

2001-01-01

384

25. INTERIOR OF ROTARY CAR DUMPER BUILDING WITH VIEW OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. INTERIOR OF ROTARY CAR DUMPER BUILDING WITH VIEW OF ROTARY CAR DUMPER LOOKING NORTHEAST. (Jet Lowe) - U.S. Steel Duquesne Works, Blast Furnace Plant, Along Monongahela River, Duquesne, Allegheny County, PA

385

15. CAR DUMP BUILDING, DETAIL SHOWING GRATES OVER COAL BINS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. CAR DUMP BUILDING, DETAIL SHOWING GRATES OVER COAL BINS AND CABLES UNDER CAR DUMP CONTROL HOUSE - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

386

1. GENERAL VIEW OF SAND HOUSE, TANK AND CAR SHELTER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. GENERAL VIEW OF SAND HOUSE, TANK AND CAR SHELTER LOOKING NORTHWEST. MINE CARS IN FOREGROUND. - Eureka No. 40, Sand House & Tank, East of State Route 56, North of Little Paint Creek, Scalp Level, Cambria County, PA

387

5. VIEW OF CAR BARN PROPERTY AT THIRD AVENUE AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. VIEW OF CAR BARN PROPERTY AT THIRD AVENUE AND PINE STREET, LOOKING SOUTH ALONG EAST SIDE OF CAR BARN TOWARD POWER SUBSTATION - Yakima Valley Transportation Company Interurban Railroad, Connecting towns of Yakima, Selah & Wiley City, Yakima, Yakima County, WA

388

8. VIEW OF CAR BARN PROPERTY AT THIRD AVENUE AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. VIEW OF CAR BARN PROPERTY AT THIRD AVENUE AND PINE STREET, LOOKING NORTHEAST ADJACENT TO WAREHOUSE TOWARD CAR BARN - Yakima Valley Transportation Company Interurban Railroad, Connecting towns of Yakima, Selah & Wiley City, Yakima, Yakima County, WA

389

Laboratory Tests of a Prototype Articulated Covered Hopper Car.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Laboratory tests were recently conducted to quantify the improvement in the safety related performance of a prototype covered hopper car. The testing was part of the High Performance High Cube Covered Hopper Car Program, which was implemented to encourage...

D. L. Cackovic F. Irani

1988-01-01

390

Inside the covered hopper car loading dock at railroad level, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Inside the covered hopper car loading dock at railroad level, looking east from the 1945 elevator into the 1913 elevator, control for the railroad car puller in background - Stewart Company Grain Elevator, 16 West Carson Street, Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, PA

391

City of San Antonio Car-Sharing Feasibility Study.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Given the positive environmental benefits of car sharing, and its increased adoption by municipalities throughout the Country, the City of San Antonio engaged Public Financial Management, Inc. (PFM) to perform a car-sharing feasibility study in 2010. PFM ...

2011-01-01

392

DIFCARS: A versatile model of CARS signal generation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A versatile model of coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) signal generation is presented. The model combines the novel treatment of CARS signal generation given by Teets with the realistic electric field distributions produced by the model of focused laser beams given by Evans and Grey-Morgan. The model provides a detailed picture of local contributions to the total CARS signal, including interference effects, as well as the total CARS power and the CARS spectrum. Illustrative applications of the model are given for each of the common CARS phase-matching configurations, collinear CARS, USED CARS and folded BOXCARS. A particular feature of the model is that the input data derives from readily accessible features of the pump and Stokes input beams arriving at the focusing lens and of the lens itself.

Kaabar, W.; Devonshire, R.

1995-04-01

393

34. Detail of "B" furnace pour into bottle cars, furnace ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

34. Detail of "B" furnace pour into bottle cars, furnace operator on platform measures temperature inside bottle car. Looking southwest - Rouge Steel Company, 3001 Miller Road, Dearborn, Wayne County, MI

394

10. VIEW OF BOILER SHOP FROM TOP OF BOX CAR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. VIEW OF BOILER SHOP FROM TOP OF BOX CAR WITH CIRCULAR CAR SHOP IN BACKGROUND LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Shops, South side of Pratt Street between Carey & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

395

5. CAR DUMP, VIEW SHOWING STRUCTURAL DETAIL BELOW CONTROL HOUSE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. CAR DUMP, VIEW SHOWING STRUCTURAL DETAIL BELOW CONTROL HOUSE, BARNEY CAR CAN BE SEEN IN BACKROUND - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

396

33. VAL, DETAIL OF PERSONNEL CAR AT THE TOP OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. VAL, DETAIL OF PERSONNEL CAR AT THE TOP OF THE COUNTERWEIGHT SLAB WITH THE COUNTERWEIGHT CAR IN DISTANCE LOOKING NORTH. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Variable Angle Launcher, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

397

35. EAST FRONT OF POWERHOUSE AND CAR BARN: East front ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. EAST FRONT OF POWERHOUSE AND CAR BARN: East front of powerhouse and car barn. 'Annex' is right end of building. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

398

CAR MACHINE SHOP, SECOND FLOOR, LYE TANKS FOR CLEANING METAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

CAR MACHINE SHOP, SECOND FLOOR, LYE TANKS FOR CLEANING METAL PRIOR TO PLATING, LOOKING SOUTHWEST FROM ATTIC. - Southern Pacific, Sacramento Shops, Car Machine Shop, 111 I Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

399

CAR MACHINE SHOP, FIRST FLOOR, DETAIL OF WOOD COLUMN AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

CAR MACHINE SHOP, FIRST FLOOR, DETAIL OF WOOD COLUMN AND INVERTED KING-POST TRUSS TO PROVIDE INCREASED SPAN BETWEEN COLUMNS, LOOKING SOUTH. - Southern Pacific, Sacramento Shops, Car Machine Shop, 111 I Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

400

23. POWELLTYPE CAR THROUGH GRIP REMOVAL DOOR: View looking through ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. POWELL-TYPE CAR THROUGH GRIP REMOVAL DOOR: View looking through grip removal door into interior of a Powell-type cable car. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

401

3. GENERAL VIEW OF PASSENGER CAR SHOP; RAILROAD TRACKS IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. GENERAL VIEW OF PASSENGER CAR SHOP; RAILROAD TRACKS IN FOREGROUND - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Passenger Car Shop, Southwest corner of Pratt & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

402

14. AERIAL VIEW OF ENGINE DISPLAY INSIDE PASSENGER CAR SHOP ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. AERIAL VIEW OF ENGINE DISPLAY INSIDE PASSENGER CAR SHOP (NOW A TRANSPORTATION MUSEUM) - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Passenger Car Shop, Southwest corner of Pratt & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

403

Paint shop, coach shop, car shop, and blacksmith shop (all ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Paint shop, coach shop, car shop, and blacksmith shop (all car department), all north of the roadhouse and locomotive shops. Photographed between 1880 and 1888 - Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, Roundhouse & Shops, Broadway & Spring Streets, Aurora, Kane County, IL

404

31. REAR OF CAR BARN DURING RECONSTRUCTION: Photocopy of July ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

31. REAR OF CAR BARN DURING RECONSTRUCTION: Photocopy of July 1908 photograph showing west rear of powerhouse and car barn. View from the north. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

405

CAR MACHINE SHOP, SECOND FLOOR, LYE TANKS FOR CLEANING METAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

CAR MACHINE SHOP, SECOND FLOOR, LYE TANKS FOR CLEANING METAL PRIOR TO PLATING, LOOKING SOUTH FROM ATTIC. - Southern Pacific, Sacramento Shops, Car Machine Shop, 111 I Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

406

11. VIEW OF CIRCULAR CAR SHOP OVER TOPS OF BOX ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. VIEW OF CIRCULAR CAR SHOP OVER TOPS OF BOX CARS LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Shops, South side of Pratt Street between Carey & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

407

8. VAL CAMERA CAR, CLOSEUP VIEW OF 'FLARE' OR TRAJECTORY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. VAL CAMERA CAR, CLOSE-UP VIEW OF 'FLARE' OR TRAJECTORY CAMERA ON SLIDING MOUNT. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

408

CAR MACHINE SHOP, SECOND FLOOR, PAINT SPRAY ROOM EXTERIOR AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

CAR MACHINE SHOP, SECOND FLOOR, PAINT SPRAY ROOM EXTERIOR AND ATTIC FLOOR SUPPORT COLUMNS AND BEAMS, LOOKING WEST. - Southern Pacific, Sacramento Shops, Car Machine Shop, 111 I Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

409

20. TURNTABLE WITH CABLE CAR BAY & TAYLOR: View ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. TURNTABLE WITH CABLE CAR - BAY & TAYLOR: View to northwest of the Bay and Taylor turntable. The gripman and conductor are turning the car around. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

410

2. FRONT ELEVATION OF CAR LOOKING SOUTH WITH CONDUCTOR, ROY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. FRONT ELEVATION OF CAR LOOKING SOUTH WITH CONDUCTOR, ROY HARVEY AT THE WHEEL - Como-Harriet Streetcar Line & Trolley Car No. 265, Forty-second Street West at Queen Avenue, Minneapolis, Hennepin County, MN

411

76 FR 45453 - New Car Assessment Program (NCAP); Safety Labeling  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...NHTSA-2010-0025] RIN 2127-AK51 New Car Assessment Program (NCAP); Safety...SUMMARY: New passenger vehicles manufactured on or after...Safety Administration (NHTSA) under its New Car Assessment Program (NCAP). This...

2011-07-29

412

A practical road to lightweight cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inspired by energy guru Amory Lovins`s call to construct a supercar that can achieve 150 miles to the gallon, the auto industry has formed a coalition to produce such a revolutionary vehicle. But a car with a high-tech plastic body and the amenities consumers expect cannot now be manufactured at an affordable cost. A less glamorous but more practical approach,

F. R. Field; J. P. Clark

1997-01-01

413

Colleges Drive Research on Electric Cars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As the General Motors Corporation shuts assembly plants and veers toward bankruptcy, the lonely remnants of one of its top technological achievements--the first modern mass-produced electric car--lie scattered across a few dozen American college campuses. GM produced and leased to customers more than 1,000 "EV1" automobiles beginning in 1996. In…

Basken, Paul

2009-01-01

414

Evaluation of cab car crashworthiness design modifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of structural modifications to rail cab cars for increased crashworthiness protection in train collisions. The crashworthiness benefits were calculated based on a particular design's ability to preserve the space occupied by the operators and the passengers during a collision. The influences of the modifications on vehicle weight and cost to manufacture were

D. C. Tyrell; K. J. Seversen; R. A. Mayville; R. G. Stringfellow; S. Berry; A. B. Perlman

1997-01-01

415

Model-based vision for car following  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a vision processing algorithm that supports autonomous car following. The algorithm visually tracks the position of a `lead vehicle' from the vantage of a pursuing `chase vehicle.' The algorithm requires a 2-D model of the back of the lead vehicle. This model is composed of line segments corresponding to features that give rise to strong edges. There

Henry Schneiderman; Marilyn Nashman; Ronald Lumia

1993-01-01

416

An autonomous race car design competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes an innovative collaboration between industry and academia in creating a meaningful design experience for undergraduate electrical engineering students. The design project involves designing, building and testing an autonomous model race car. The course culminates in a competition. The competition included students from UC Davis, San Jose State University, and UC Berkeley and is sponsored by National Semiconductor.

T. W. Matthews; R. R. Spencer

1997-01-01

417

Autonomous all-wheel car steering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The autonomous car steering problem is defined as a regulation task of yaw and relative lateral position dynamics along a given path trajectory. Therefore a control structure based on vehicle dynamics inversion is proposed to decouple the two regulation tasks. The inversion structure assumes all-wheel (joint front- and rear-axle) steering actuation. The resulting algorithm exhibits additionally integrated robust yaw stabilization

Naim Bajcinca

2006-01-01

418

The C2000 autonomous model car  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes the development of an electrical model car on a scale of 1:10, which is able to drive autonomously at a race course, to find parking spaces and to use it for autonomous parking. The electronic design is based on a set of C28x Digital Signal Controllers for steering, to control the electrical motor, for image processing and

Frank Bormann; Erik Braune; Marcel Spitzner

2010-01-01

419

Racing car design using knowledge aided engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract CAD systems and ,related technologies evolution has improved the development of software ,for automatic configuration of mechanical systems. This happened ,with the introduction of KAE systems that enable computer to support the designer during the decision making process. This paper presents a knowledge-based application ,that allows the designer to automatically compute and evaluate mass properties of racing ,cars (IRL

Lorenzo Susca; Ferruccio Mandorli; Caterina Rizzi; Umberto Cugini

2000-01-01

420

??????????????????????????????? Maximum Velocity of a Racing Car  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to analysis optimum maximum velocity of a racing car along the given path by using the minimum time optimization method. The simple mathematical model are the equations of motion with geometrical path constraints, also total driving and braking forces are upper and lower bounds, respectively. The usefulness of this paper is to predict optimum

Tawiwat Veeraklaew; Yotsak Saisanit

421

New Car Buyer: The Determinants of Choice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Research was carried out in Great Britain into the decision-making processes guiding the purchasing of cars and into the role of expectancy value theory in aiding the understanding of the mechanisms involved in choice. Samples were taken as close as possi...

J. G. Towriss

1981-01-01

422

Car Loans - Real World Exponential Equation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity has been modified from Real World Learning Objects, Internet-based Activities for Higher Education. The need to access an online calculator has been removed. Students are asked to price a car, determine an acceptable monthly payment and then using the formula calculate the number of months needed to pay off the loan. This requires solving an exponential equation using logarithms.

2011-01-01

423

Cerebellum Based Car AutoPilot System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the neural structures and the physiological mechanisms of the human brain and applying them onto practical applications is a difficult challenge. The practical realization of the sophisticated network of different brain components and the complex interaction between them to produce intelligent outcomes for practical applications is highly desirable. A model for a car auto-pilot system based on the physiological

B. HSIEH; C. QUEK; A. WAHAB

424

House and Car Destroyed by Tsunami  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

A house and a car were destroyed by a tsunami in the coastal city of Dichato, Chile, located about 15 km north of Concepcion, Chile. The tsunami height was about 10 meters (32 feet). Several hundred homes were destroyed in this city as a result of the M 8.8 earthquake on Feb. 27, 2010...

2010-03-30

425

Continuum approach to car-following models  

Microsoft Academic Search

A continuum version of the car-following Bando model is developed using a series expansion of the headway in terms of the density. This continuum model obeys the same stability criterion as its discrete counterpart. To compare both models we show that traveling wave solutions of the Bando model are very similar to those of the continuum model in the limit

Peter Berg; Anthony Mason; Andrew Woods

2000-01-01

426

Two Billion Cars: Driving Toward Sustainability  

Microsoft Academic Search

At present, there are roughly a billion cars in the world. Yet within twenty years, the number will double to 2 billion, largely a consequence of China's and India's explosive growth. Given that greenhouse gases are already creating havoc with our climate and that violent conflict in unstable oil-rich nations is on the rise, does this mean that matters will

Daniel Sperling; Deborah Gordon

427

Fuel Economy, Car Class Mix, and Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fuel economy standards change the composition of the vehicle fleet, potentially influencing accident fatality risks. I estimate the direction and magnitude of this impact, introducing a correction for selection on driver behavior. A policy application using my new estimates shows that the present distinction between light trucks and cars in fuel economy rules has very negative consequences for overall safety:

Mark R. Jacobsen

2011-01-01

428

Progress in railroad freight car engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is the result of an annual survey, conducted by the author on behalf of the Rail Transportation Division (RTD), American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) to document progress in the design, construction and use of freight cars and components. Typically, the design must be at a prototype stage or beyond in order for it to be included here.

S. K. Punwani

1997-01-01

429

How Does a Car Engine Work?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides and easy-to-read overview on how a car engine works, with more detailed pages and diagrams on Internal Combustion, Parts of an Engine, What Can Go Wrong, Engine Subsystems, How to Help an Engine Produce More Power, and other information. Note of warning: The site is heavy on advertising.

430

Predicting Car Production using a Neural Network.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Neural networks are used for many reasons, like predicting stocks in the stock markets, recognizing objects, brain theory, and countless other areas. In this project, a simple neural network is used to predict the yearly production of a car company based ...

M. Del Rose

2003-01-01

431

Illinois PER Interactive Examples: Braking Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive homework problem requires the student to determine the time needed to stop a car given the initial velocity and stopping distance. The problem is accompanied by a sequence of questions designed to encourage critical thinking and conceptual analysis. It is part of a larger collection of interactive problems developed by the Illinois Physics Education Research Group.

Gladding, Gary

2008-02-09

432

Competitive electrochemiluminescence wash and no-wash immunoassays for detection of serum antibodies to smooth Brucella strains.  

PubMed

Brucellosis is a bacterial zoonotic disease of major global importance. Natural hosts for Brucella species include animals of economic significance, such as cattle and small ruminants. Controlling brucellosis in natural hosts by high-throughput serological testing followed by the slaughter of seropositive animals helps to prevent disease transmission. This study aimed to convert an existing competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA), used for the serodiagnosis of brucellosis in ruminants, to two electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunoassays on the Meso Scale Discovery (MSD) platform. The first assay employed a conventional plate washing step as part of the protocol. The second was a no-wash assay, made possible by the proximity-based nature of ECL signal generation by the MSD platform. Both ECL wash and no-wash assays closely matched the parent cELISA for diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. The results also demonstrated that both ECL assays met World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) standards, as defined by results for the OIE standard serum (OIEELISA(SP)SS). This report is the first to describe an ECL assay incorporating lipopolysaccharide, an ECL assay for serodiagnosis of a bacterial infectious disease, a separation-free (no-wash) ECL assay for the detection of serum antibodies, and the use of the MSD platform for serodiagnosis. The simple conversion of the cELISA to the MSD platform suggests that many other serodiagnostic tests could readily be converted. Furthermore, the alignment of these results with the multiplex capability of the MSD platform offers the potential of no-wash multiplex assays to screen for several diseases. PMID:19261777

Thompson, Iain; McGiven, John; Sawyer, Jason; Thirlwall, Rachel; Commander, Nicola; Stack, Judy

2009-03-04

433

Application and evaluation of the washing effect in the collector well using pilot plant with washing device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Riverbed/bank filtration (RBF) is a natural process used as a first step in drinking water treatment. RBF systems consist of well fields that draw water from an aquifer that is hydraulically connected to surface waters. The benefits of RBF are multiple and include a reduction of turbidity, total coliform, microbial contaminants natural organic matter, and organic contaminants. Some of the disadvantages of RBF include the difficulty of preventing river water from infiltrating the aquifer in in-stances of severe river contamination, the geochemical reaction of the infiltrate with aquifer materials that may raise the aqueous concentrations of Fe2+, Mn2+, As, NH4+, CH4, Ca2+ and HCO3- , and clogging of the riverbed. For example, has demonstrated that riverbed clogging may decrease the specific capacity of RBF wells (flow reduction in the collector well etc.). The objective of this study is to optimization and evaluation the washing effect on various nozzle type and intervals, soil retention rate in the collector well using pilot plant with washing device for prevention flow reduction in the collector well. The Pilot plant experiments were conducted under various conditions; two kinds nozzle type (spray nozzle of circle type (single - Full Cone, multi - Hollow Cone) and spray nozzle of fan shape type (Veejet)), two different nozzle intervals (200 mm, 400mm) and a various soil retention rate in the collector well (10 ~ 40%). The results of experiment showed that in the nozzle type case, the washing effect of the veeject nozzle was more effective than other (Full Cone, Hollow Cone) nozzle through spray results (range, strength and height). In the nozzle interval conditions, washing effect is 200 mm better than 400 mm through spray distance and soil height. The washing efficiency in the collector well increased on soil retention rate decreased and the nozzle injection pressure increased using washing device

Cho, K. H.; Kim, B. J.; Choi, N. C.; Lee, S. J.; Lee, B. H.

2012-04-01

434

Competitive Electrochemiluminescence Wash and No-Wash Immunoassays for Detection of Serum Antibodies to Smooth Brucella Strains?  

PubMed Central

Brucellosis is a bacterial zoonotic disease of major global importance. Natural hosts for Brucella species include animals of economic significance, such as cattle and small ruminants. Controlling brucellosis in natural hosts by high-throughput serological testing followed by the slaughter of seropositive animals helps to prevent disease transmission. This study aimed to convert an existing competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA), used for the serodiagnosis of brucellosis in ruminants, to two electrochemiluminescence (ECL) immunoassays on the Meso Scale Discovery (MSD) platform. The first assay employed a conventional plate washing step as part of the protocol. The second was a no-wash assay, made possible by the proximity-based nature of ECL signal generation by the MSD platform. Both ECL wash and no-wash assays closely matched the parent cELISA for diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. The results also demonstrated that both ECL assays met World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) standards, as defined by results for the OIE standard serum (OIEELISASPSS). This report is the first to describe an ECL assay incorporating lipopolysaccharide, an ECL assay for serodiagnosis of a bacterial infectious disease, a separation-free (no-wash) ECL assay for the detection of serum antibodies, and the use of the MSD platform for serodiagnosis. The simple conversion of the cELISA to the MSD platform suggests that many other serodiagnostic tests could readily be converted. Furthermore, the alignment of these results with the multiplex capability of the MSD platform offers the potential of no-wash multiplex assays to screen for several diseases.

Thompson, Iain; McGiven, John; Sawyer, Jason; Thirlwall, Rachel; Commander, Nicola; Stack, Judy

2009-01-01

435

Context-aware smart car: from model to prototype  

Microsoft Academic Search

Smart cars are promising application domain for ubiquitous computing. Context-awareness is the key feature of a smart car\\u000a for safer and easier driving. Despite many industrial innovations and academic progresses have been made, we find a lack of\\u000a fully context-aware smart cars. This study presents a general architecture of smart cars from the viewpoint of context-awareness.\\u000a A hierarchical context model

Jie Sun; Zhao-hui Wu; Gang Pan

2009-01-01

436

Fuzzy throttle and brake control for platoons of smart cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Additive fuzzy systems can control the velocity and the gap between cars in single-lane platoons. The overall system consists of throttle and brake controllers. We first designed and tested a throttle-only fuzzy system on a validated car model and then with a real car on highway 1–15 in California. We used this controller to drive the “smart” car on the

Hyun Mun Kim; Julie Dickerson; Bart Kosko

1996-01-01

437

Apparatus for loosening frozen coal in hopper cars  

SciTech Connect

Frozen lumps of coal in conventional hopper cars are loosened by lowering an assembly of vertically oriented probe elements into the car while simultaneously vibrating the assembly. The vibratory structure is mounted on a gantry arrangement which also supports a supplemental probe arrangement utilizing impact forces to loosen coal in hopper cars having interiors different from those of the cars operated on by the vibratory arrangement.

Kirwan, G.B.

1980-09-09

438

Can a road-driven car outrace a free-falling car?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Motivated by an advertising scenario in which a luxury sports sedan races against a similar car falling under the influence of gravity, a calculation using undergraduate physics and calculus is performed to theoretically predict the outcome.

Diego J. Castaño

2011-01-01

439

Can a road-driven car outrace a free-falling car?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Motivated by an advertising scenario in which a luxury sports sedan races against a similar car falling under the influence of gravity, a calculation using undergraduate physics and calculus is performed to theoretically predict the outcome.

Castaño, Diego J.

2011-11-01

440

Kelley Blue Book Used Car Bluebook Values and New Car Pricing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The nation's top-selling automotive-related book and the leading authority on new and used car pricing is now on the net. This site contains all the pricing information from commercially sold blue books going back to 1976. You can search for all major used cars and find out the trade-in value and the Blue Book Suggested Retail Value. The site also contains detailed information on all major new cars including pricing, standard equipment, options, and even pictures. But that's not all! There are also links to sites where you can order new cars at near-invoice prices, search for dealers in your area, and search a database of classifieds. The site is well organized, fast, and low on graphics, making it quick and easy to find what you are looking for.

1996-01-01

441

49 CFR 179.400 - General specification applicable to cryogenic liquid tank car tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...General specification applicable to cryogenic liquid tank car tanks. 179.400 Section...TANK CARS Specification for Cryogenic Liquid Tank Car Tanks and Seamless Steel Tanks...General specification applicable to cryogenic liquid tank car...

2012-10-01

442

49 CFR 179.400 - General specification applicable to cryogenic liquid tank car tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...General specification applicable to cryogenic liquid tank car tanks. 179.400 Section...TANK CARS Specification for Cryogenic Liquid Tank Car Tanks and Seamless Steel Tanks...General specification applicable to cryogenic liquid tank car...

2011-10-01

443

49 CFR 231.31 - Drawbars for freight cars; standard height.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Drawbars for freight cars; standard height. 231.31 Section 231.31 Transportation... Drawbars for freight cars; standard height. (a) Except on cars specified in paragraph... -inch gage) railroads, the maximum height of drawbars for freight cars...

2011-10-01

444

49 CFR 231.31 - Drawbars for freight cars; standard height.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Drawbars for freight cars; standard height. 231.31 Section 231.31 Transportation... Drawbars for freight cars; standard height. (a) Except on cars specified in paragraph... -inch gage) railroads, the maximum height of drawbars for freight cars...

2012-10-01

445

49 CFR 231.31 - Drawbars for freight cars; standard height.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Drawbars for freight cars; standard height. 231.31 Section 231.31 Transportation... Drawbars for freight cars; standard height. (a) Except on cars specified in paragraph... -inch gage) railroads, the maximum height of drawbars for freight cars...

2010-10-01

446

49 CFR 231.31 - Drawbars for freight cars; standard height.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Drawbars for freight cars; standard height. 231.31 Section 231.31 Transportation... Drawbars for freight cars; standard height. (a) Except on cars specified in paragraph... -inch gage) railroads, the maximum height of drawbars for freight cars...

2009-10-01

447

49 CFR 179.400 - General specification applicable to cryogenic liquid tank car tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... General specification applicable to cryogenic liquid tank car tanks. 179.400...SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS Specification for Cryogenic Liquid Tank Car Tanks and Seamless Steel... General specification applicable to cryogenic liquid tank car...

2010-10-01

448

49 CFR 179.400 - General specification applicable to cryogenic liquid tank car tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... General specification applicable to cryogenic liquid tank car tanks. 179.400...SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS Specification for Cryogenic Liquid Tank Car Tanks and Seamless Steel... General specification applicable to cryogenic liquid tank car...

2009-10-01

449

Insights from a freeway car-to-car real-world experiment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Car-to-car communication is a promising technology for solving several real-life problems on the road. There is a growing research interest in this technology as one of the practical and challenging applications for wireless communication and multi-hop networks. Although there has been a decent amount of research in this topic recently, there is a lack of real-world experimental studies to augment

Karim Seada

2008-01-01

450

Car-to-car channel models based on wideband MIMO measurements at 5.3 GHz  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we describe measurement results of 30 times 30 multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) car-to-car (C2C) radio channels at 5.3 GHz in four environments: on a campus, on a highway, in urban and sub-urban areas. We first investigate the validity of the wide-sense stationarity (WSS) assumption by using the correlation matrix distance (CMD), which is an earlier introduced metric for

Olivier Renaudin; Veli-Matti Kolmonen; Pertti Vainikainen; Claude Oestges

2009-01-01

451

Wideband MIMO Car-to-Car Radio Channel Measurements at 5.3 GHz  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurements of car-to-car (C2C) radio channels with 60 MHz bandwidth at 5.3 GHz have been performed in Helsinki, Finland. We focused on 30x30 multiple-input multiple- output (MIMO) measurements, conducted in four environments (urban, sub-urban, campus and highway), under quasi-realistic traffic conditions. As first results, we present in this paper the delay spread statistics for each investigated environment. The largest values

Olivier Renaudin; Veli-matti Kolmonen; Pertti Vainikainen; Claude Oestges

2008-01-01

452

InCarMusic: Context-Aware Music Recommendations in a Car  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Context aware recommender systems (CARS) adapt to the specific situation in which the recommended item will be consumed. So,\\u000a for instance, music recommendations while the user is traveling by car should take into account the current traffic condition\\u000a or the driver’s mood. This requires the acquisition of ratings for items in several alternative contextual situations, to\\u000a extract from this data

Linas Baltrunas; Marius Kaminskas; Bernd Ludwig; Omar Moling; Francesco Ricci; Aykan Aydin; Karl-Heinz Lüke; Roland Schwaiger

453

Car allocation decisions in car-deficient households: the case of non-work tours  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the household interactions in the context of the car allocation choice decision in car-deficient households as part of an activity-scheduling process, focusing on non-work tours. A chi-square automatic interaction detector-based algorithm is applied to derive a decision tree using a large activity diary dataset recently collected in the Netherlands. The results show a satisfactory improvement in the

Renni Anggraini; Theo A. Arentze; H. J. P. Timmermans

2012-01-01

454

Car allocation decisions in car-deficient households: the case of non-work tours  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the household interactions in the context of the car allocation choice decision in car-deficient households as part of an activity-scheduling process, focusing on non-work tours. A chi-square automatic interaction detector-based algorithm is applied to derive a decision tree using a large activity diary dataset recently collected in the Netherlands. The results show a satisfactory improvement in the

Renni Anggraini; Theo A. Arentze; H. J. P Timmermans

2011-01-01

455

Simulation and Evaluation of Car-to-Car Communication Channels in Urban Intersection Scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates multiple antenna systems in realistic Car-to-Car (C2C) communication channels for urban intersection scenarios. With a three-dimensional ray-tracing simulation tool the channel characteristics are determined for various antenna positions and numbers of antennas. The results clearly show the advantage of multiple antenna systems. Suitable antenna positions are determinedthatallowtheoptimizationofthe channel capacity ( )However, in spite of the bene?ts of

Lars Reichardt; Juan Pontes; Christian Sturm; Thomas Zwick

2010-01-01

456

Driving Pleasure: A Key Concept in Swedish Car Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the last decades ‘driving pleasure’ has been one of the most common arguments in Swedish car advertising. Almost every car is marketed as a pleasure to drive. It is also treated as the single most important characteristic of each car in test runs in the motor press. In both these contexts the definition of driving pleasure focuses on engine

Olle Hagman

2010-01-01

457

49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 Section 173...and Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General requirements...tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid may not be shipped unless it was...

2012-10-01

458

49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 Section 173...and Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General requirements...tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid may not be shipped unless it was...

2011-10-01

459

Nonlinear Optimal Control of a Half Car Active Suspension  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a nonlinear optimal control law based on a quadratic cost function is developed, and applied on a half-car model for the control of active suspension systems. Nonlinear model of half-car is constructed using the nonlinear dynamics of the electro hydraulic actuator and dynamic characteristics of the dampings and springs. The states of half car model are first

A. M. Kashtiban; N. Pourqorban; G. Alizadeh; I. Hasanzadeh

2009-01-01

460

An insight into linear quarter car model accuracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The linear quarter car model is the most widely used suspension system model. A number of authors expressed doubts about the accuracy of the linear quarter car model in predicting the movement of a complex nonlinear suspension system. In this investigation, a quarter car rig, designed to mimic the popular MacPherson strut suspension system, is subject to narrowband excitation at

Damien Maher; Paul Young

2011-01-01

461

The Effect of Design on Recycling Rates for Cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The continuously changing design of the car and the application of new material combinations raise questions on the influence of car design, materials applied and their mutual interactions on the recyclability of the car in view of the EU directive, which imposes strict targets on the recycling of passenger vehicles. This paper, consisting of part 1 (theory) and part 2

M. A. Reuter; A. van Schaik

462

Environmental impact analysis of composite use in car manufacturing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking the restrictions imposed by the EU ELV directive into account, the use of non-recyclable composite components in car manufacturing is not obvious. However, from a life cycle engineering perspective the introduction of composites in car design is not necessarily negative in terms of additional environmental impact. An extensive life cycle analysis for a reference car design was conducted to

J. R. Duflou; J. De Moor; I. Verpoest; W. Dewulf

2009-01-01

463

A hybrid method for robust car plate character recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

Image-based car plate recognition is an indispensable part of an intelligent traffic system. The quality of the images taken for car plates, especially for Chinese car plates, however, may sometimes be very poor, due to the operating conditions and distortion because of poor photographical environments. Furthermore, there exist some “similar” characters, such as “8” and “B”, “7” and “T” and

Xiang Pan; Xiuzi Ye; Sanyuan Zhang

2005-01-01

464

Buying a Car: Using On-Line Tools. Technology Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This lesson plan was created to assist learners in adult basic and literacy education programs with the car-buying process. The goal for the lesson is to "effectively use the Internet to research necessary items before purchasing a car." These nine learning objectives are set: (1) determine what kind of car is needed; (2) determine how much one…

McCoy, Kimberly

465

Selecting a sports car through data mining of critical features  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sports cars enthusiasts are always on a look out for the best mix of performance and price parameters for selection of their dream cars. They normally wish to enjoy the rush of adrenaline at top speeds and aspire to have most economic solutions for their selection. Their decision making process gets seriously hampered when sports cars manufacturers are unable to

S. A. Khan; I. Manarvi

2009-01-01

466

49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DOT-113D60W, and DOT-113D120W tank cars may continue in use, but... (4) Class DOT 105A and 105S tank cars used to transport hydrogen chloride, refrigerated liquid...103CW, 103DW, 103EW, and 104W tank cars may continue in use,...

2009-10-01

467

49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DOT-113D60W, and DOT-113D120W tank cars may continue in use, but... (4) Class DOT 105A and 105S tank cars used to transport hydrogen chloride, refrigerated liquid...103CW, 103DW, 103EW, and 104W tank cars may continue in use,...

2010-10-01

468

A joystick car drive system for wheelchair users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a joystick car drive system for wheelchair users with severe handicaps. The joystick drive system enables handicapped person to drive a car with his\\/her single hand. The joystick operation in back and force direction controls acceleration or deceleration of a car while that in left and right direction turns a steering wheel. Therefore a person, who has

M. Wada; F. Kameda

2009-01-01

469

A joystick car drive system with seating in a wheelchair  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a joystick car drive system for a handicapped person. The joystick drive system enables handicapped person to drive a car by his\\/her single hand with seating in an electric wheelchair. The joystick operation in back and force direction controls acceleration or deceleration of a car while that in left and right direction turns a steering wheel. Therefore

M. Wada; F. Kameda

2009-01-01

470

A joystick type car drive interface for wheelchair users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a joystick car drive system for a handicapped person using a wheelchair. The joystick drive system enables handicapped person to drive a car with his\\/her single hand. The joystick operation in back and force direction controls acceleration or deceleration of a car while that in left and right direction turns a steering wheel. Therefore a person, who

M. Wada; F. Kameda

2009-01-01

471

A rental car strategy for commercialization of hydrogen in Florida  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes a hydrogen rental-car strategy for transitioning from fleets to consumers in Orlando, Florida. Orlando is the No. 1 tourist destination in the United States, but most car renters visit only a few destinations. A hydrogen rental-car fleet serving this cluster of destinations could provide visitors with a positive first exposure to hydrogen vehicles with minimal commitment, creating

Lee Lines; Michael Kuby; Ronald Schultz; James Clancy; Zhixiao Xie

2008-01-01

472

Measurement of Micro Vibration of Car by Piezoelectric Ceramics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, there are various accidents and crimes related to the car. In some cases, the accidents and the crimes can be prevented if it is possible to detect a human who is in the car. For example, we can prevent a baby who is left in a car under the hot weather from dehydration or death occurred by heat inside

Yosuke Kurihara; Kosuke Masuyama; Testuo Nakamura; Takeshi Bamba; Kajiro Watanabe

2010-01-01

473

30 CFR 57.19079 - Blocking mine cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Blocking mine cars. 57.19079 Section 57.19079 Mineral Resources... Hoisting Procedures § 57.19079 Blocking mine cars. Where mine cars are hoisted by cage or skip, means for blocking...

2013-07-01

474

30 CFR 56.19079 - Blocking mine cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Blocking mine cars. 56.19079 Section 56.19079 Mineral Resources... Hoisting Procedures § 56.19079 Blocking mine cars. Where mine cars are hoisted by cage or skip, means for blocking...

2013-07-01

475

7 CFR 160.28 - Tank cars of turpentine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Tank cars of turpentine. 160.28 Section 160.28 Agriculture...Inspection, and Grading on Request § 160.28 Tank cars of turpentine. A tank car loaded for shipment with spirits of turpentine...

2013-01-01

476

19 CFR 151.26 - Molasses in tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Molasses in tank cars. 151.26 Section 151.26 Customs Duties...and Molasses § 151.26 Molasses in tank cars. When molasses is imported in tank cars, the importer shall file with the port...

2013-04-01

477

19 CFR 123.61 - Baggage arriving in baggage car.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Baggage arriving in baggage car. 123.61 Section 123.61 Customs...123.61 Baggage arriving in baggage car. An inward foreign manifest on Customs...used for all baggage arriving in baggage cars. [T.D. 70-121, 35 FR 8215,...

2013-04-01

478

49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 ...Preparation and Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General...1) A tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid may not be shipped unless...

2009-10-01

479

49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 ...Preparation and Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General...1) A tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid may not be shipped unless...

2010-10-01

480

M and R for aluminum coal cars: no problem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maintenance and repair on lightweight aluminum coal cars, which have been in use for two decades, pose no problem for engineers despite new interest in increasing their use in order to reduce transport costs. Participants at national meetings described their experience in building and repairing aluminum cars. Specification sheets are available for a coal-hauling family of rail cars, including gondolas

1983-01-01

481

Estimating Spousal Altruism with Data on Fatal Car Accidents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper estimates the degree of altruism among spouses by examining how often the driver of a car sacrifices his or her own self in a car crash in order to save a spouse. Holding constant the magnitude of a collision, a driver can maneuver the car to distribute the risk from collision between the driver and a passenger. We

Ilya Beylin; Anup Malani

482

78 FR 58383 - Renewal of National Grain Car Council  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sub-No. 5)] Renewal of National Grain Car Council AGENCY: Surface Transportation...renew the charter of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC). ADDRESSES: A copy of...Class I railroads (one marketing and one car management representative from each...

2013-09-23

483

49 CFR 232.305 - Single car air brake tests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Single car air brake tests. 232.305 Section 232.305...and Testing Requirements § 232.305 Single car air brake tests. (a) Single car air brake tests shall be performed by a...

2012-10-01

484

37. WEST REAR OF POWERHOUSE AND CAR BARN: West rear ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. WEST REAR OF POWERHOUSE AND CAR BARN: West rear of powerhouse and car barn, showing the turntable and tracks used to move cars in and out of the building's repair and storage area. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

485

49 CFR 231.22 - Operation of track motor cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Operation of track motor cars. 231.22 Section 231.22 Transportation... § 231.22 Operation of track motor cars. On and after August 1, 1963...permit to be operated on its line track motor cars to pull or haul trailers, push...

2011-10-01

486

49 CFR 1033.1 - Car hire rates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation 8 2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Car hire rates. 1033.1 Section 1033.1 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.1 Car hire rates. (a) Definitions applicable to...

2009-10-01

487

49 CFR 232.305 - Single car air brake tests.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Single car air brake tests. 232.305 Section 232.305...and Testing Requirements § 232.305 Single car air brake tests. (a) Single car air brake tests shall be performed by a...

2011-10-01

488

49 CFR 37.93 - One car per train rule.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false One car per train rule. 37.93 Section 37...Vehicles By Public Entities § 37.93 One car per train rule. (a) The definition of accessible for purposes of meeting the one car per train rule is spelled out in the...

2011-10-01

489

49 CFR 231.22 - Operation of track motor cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Operation of track motor cars. 231.22 Section 231.22 Transportation... § 231.22 Operation of track motor cars. On and after August 1, 1963...permit to be operated on its line track motor cars to pull or haul trailers, push...

2012-10-01

490

49 CFR 1033.1 - Car hire rates.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Car hire rates. 1033.1 Section 1033.1 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.1 Car hire rates. (a) Definitions applicable to...

2010-10-01

491

78 FR 38266 - New Car Assessment Program (NCAP)  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Docket No. NHTSA-2013-0076] New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) AGENCY: National...agency's planned update to the U.S. New Car Assessment Program (NCAP). This update...agency's plan to upgrade the U.S. New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) to...

2013-06-26

492

49 CFR 38.63 - Between-car barriers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Between-car barriers. 38.63 Section 38.63...Vehicles and Systems § 38.63 Between-car barriers. (a) Requirement. Suitable...inadvertently stepping off the platform between cars. Acceptable solutions include, but...

2012-10-01

493

49 CFR 38.109 - Between-car barriers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Between-car barriers. 38.109 Section 38.109 Transportation...SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Commuter Rail Cars and Systems § 38.109 Between-car barriers. Where vehicles operate in a...

2012-10-01

494

49 CFR 38.109 - Between-car barriers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Between-car barriers. 38.109 Section 38.109 Transportation...SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Commuter Rail Cars and Systems § 38.109 Between-car barriers. Where vehicles operate in a...

2011-10-01

495

36 CFR 1192.109 - Between-car barriers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Between-car barriers. 1192.109 Section 1192.109...GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Commuter Rail Cars and Systems § 1192.109 Between-car barriers. Where vehicles operate in a...

2012-07-01

496

49 CFR 1033.2 - Car service orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Car service orders. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.2 Car service orders. Emergency and temporary...

2012-10-01

497

77 FR 22381 - Odorant Fade in Railroad Tank Cars  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2012-01] Odorant Fade in Railroad Tank Cars AGENCY: Federal Railroad Administration...shippers and consignees of railroad tank cars containing odorized liquefied petroleum...shipped in the United States by railroad tank car is from bulk suppliers to either...

2012-04-13

498

75 FR 14496 - Commerce Acquisition Regulation (CAR); Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...0605-AA26 Commerce Acquisition Regulation (CAR); Correction AGENCY: Department of Commerce...Commerce published a final rule to amend the CAR to update the regulations since its last...September 12, 1995. That rule updated the CAR to bring it into alignment with the...

2010-03-26

499

36 CFR 1192.109 - Between-car barriers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Between-car barriers. 1192.109 Section 1192.109...GUIDELINES FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Commuter Rail Cars and Systems § 1192.109 Between-car barriers. Where vehicles operate in a...

2011-07-01

500

Looking north toward Locomotive Shop (2 tracks on left), Car ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Looking north toward Locomotive Shop (2 tracks on left), Car Shop on right, and flat car in foreground. Note locomotive and car tires leaning on stock shed at left - East Broad Top Railroad & Coal Company, State Route 994, West of U.S. Route 522, Rockhill Furnace, Huntingdon County, PA