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1

What Happens at a Car Wash?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A class of 3- to 5-year-old children in a child care center in the midwestern United States chose to study a car wash as a group project. This article discusses how the project evolved, describes the three phases of the project, and provides the teachers' reflections on the project. Photos taken during the project and children's sketches are…

Gallick, Barbara; Lee, Lisa

2010-01-01

2

Car wash wastewater treatment and water reuse - a case study.  

PubMed

Recent features of a car wash wastewater reclamation system and results from a full-scale car wash wastewater treatment and recycling process are reported. This upcoming technology comprises a new flocculation-column flotation process, sand filtration, and a final chlorination. A water usage and savings audit (22 weeks) showed that almost 70% reclamation was possible, and fewer than 40 L of fresh water per wash were needed. Wastewater and reclaimed water were characterized by monitoring chemical, physicochemical and biological parameters. Results were discussed in terms of aesthetic quality (water clarification and odour), health (pathological) and chemical (corrosion and scaling) risks. A microbiological risk model was applied and the Escherichia coli proposed criterion for car wash reclaimed water is 200 CFU 100 mL(-1). It is believed that the discussions on car wash wastewater reclamation criteria may assist institutions to create laws in Brazil and elsewhere. PMID:23128624

Zaneti, R N; Etchepare, R; Rubio, J

2013-01-01

3

Separation of oil-water emulsion from car washes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potentials of UF and NF membrane processes have been evaluated for separation of oil water emulsion generated from car washing operations. Using membranes, wastewater can be effectively recycled and fresh water usage could be reduced. The parameters studied were membrane type, emulsifier types, pressure and competing compounds. Both an-ionic and non-ionic emulsifiers were used for the experimental runs. The

S. Panpanit; C. Visvanathan; S. Muttamara

4

EVMS Certification CAR/CIO Status 4/24/12 Corrective Action Requests (CARs)  

E-print Network

EVMS Certification CAR/CIO Status 4/24/12 Corrective Action Requests (CARs) Page 1 of 6 CAR01: Acceleration of schedule and added scope without formal baseline change Recommendation and DOEOFES. Action Taken ­ CAR01: ­ An Engineering Change Proposal (ECP004) was approved (10Nov2011

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

5

Nuclear Car Wash sensitivity in varying thicknesses of wood and steel cargo  

SciTech Connect

The influence of incident neutron attenuation on signal strengths in the Nuclear Car Wash has been observed experimentally for both wood and steel-pipe mock cargos. Measured decay curves are presented for {beta}-delayed high-energy {gamma}-rays and thermalized neutrons following neutron-induced fission of HEU through varying irradiation lengths. Error rates are extracted for delayed-{gamma} and delayed-n signals integrated to 30 seconds, assuming Gaussian distributions for the active background. The extrapolation to a field system of 1 mA deuterium current and to a 5 kg sample size is discussed.

Church, J; Slaughter, D; Asztalos, S; Biltoft, P; Descalle, M; Hall, J; Manatt, D; Mauger, J; Norman, E; Petersen, D; Prussin, S

2006-10-05

6

Screening of SDS-degrading bacteria from car wash wastewater and study of the alkylsulfatase enzyme activity  

PubMed Central

Background and Objectives Sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) is one of the main surfactant components in detergents and cosmetics, used in high amounts as a detergent in products such as shampoos, car wash soap and toothpaste. Therefore, its bioremediation by suitable microorganisms is important. Alkylsulfatase is an enzyme that hydrolyses sulfate -ester bonds to give inorganic sulfate and alcohol. The purpose of this study was to isolate SDS–degrading bacteria from Tehran city car wash wastewater, study bacterial alkylsulfatase enzyme activity and identify the alkylsulfatase enzyme coding gene. Materials and Methods Screening of SDS-degrading bacteria was carried out on basal salt medium containing SDS as the sole source of carbon. Amount of SDS degraded was assayed by methylene blue active substance (MBAS). Results and Conclusion Identification of the sdsA gene was carried by PCR and subsequent sequencing of the 16S rDNA gene and biochemical tests identified Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This bacterium is able to degrade 84% of SDS after four days incubation. Bacteria isolated from car wash wastewater were shown to carry the sdsA gene (670bp) and the alkylsulfatase enzyme specific activity expressed from this gene was determined to be 24.3 unit/mg. The results presented in this research indicate that Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a suitable candidate for SDS biodegradation. PMID:23825734

Shahbazi, Razieh; Kasra-Kermanshahi, Roha; Gharavi, Sara; Moosavi-Nejad, Zahra; Borzooee, Faezeh

2013-01-01

7

Status and progress in sludge washing: A pivotal pretreatment method  

SciTech Connect

Separation of the bulk soluble chemical salts from the insoluble metal hydroxides and radionuclides is central to the strategy of disposing Hanford tank waste. Sludge washing and caustic leaching have been selected as the primary methods for processing the 230 million L (61,000,000 gal) of Hanford tank waste. These processes are very similar to those selected for processing waste at the West Valley Site in New York and the Savannah River Site in South Carolina. The purpose of sludge washing is to dissolve and remove the soluble salts in the waste. Leaching of the insoluble solids with caustic will be used to dissolve aluminum hydroxide and chromium hydroxide, and convert insoluble bismuth phosphate to soluble phosphate. The waste will be separated into a high-level solids fraction and a liquid fraction that can be disposed of as low-level waste after cesium removal. The washing and leaching operations involve batchwise mixing, settling, and decanting within the existing underground storage tanks.

Barton, W.B.; MacLean, G.T.; Meng, C.D.; Winkler, C.M.

1995-01-01

8

Cars, Cars, Cars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cars are the focus of this feature article, which explores such topics as the history of cars in the United States, the national highway system, safety and pollution concerns, mobility and freedom for women, classic car shows, and the road trip in American literature and film. Also included are links to the websites of Automobile in American Life…

McIntosh, Phyllis

2013-01-01

9

Electric car Gasoline car  

E-print Network

ENAC/ Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares of an electric vehicle? Electric car (Renault) Gasoline car (competitors) Gasoline car (Renault) Market shares preference survey with choice situation contexts involving gasoline cars (Renault and competitors

10

Hand Washing  

MedlinePLUS

... News Anxiety Disorders Relaxation Exercises The Flu Vaccine Hand Washing KidsHealth > Teens > Body > Skin Stuff > Hand Washing ... or from animals and animal waste. Continue Defensive Hand Washing In 2010 the American Society for Microbiology ...

11

Physical growth and nutritional status of Car Nicobarese and Moplah children of Andaman-Nicobar Islands in India.  

PubMed

The objective of this cross-sectional study was to assess growth and nutritional status of Car Nicobarese children and compare it with Moplah children, who live in a similar environment. A total of 436 Car Nicobarese children and 438 Moplah children, aged 6-10 years, were selected for the study. The anthropometric measurements included stature, body weight, sitting height, bi-acromial breadth, bi-iliac breadth, mid-upper arm circumference, skinfold thickness of biceps, triceps and subscapular region. 50th percentile (median) growth curves were calculated among the studied children and compared with Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) 2000 reference. Z scores of weight for age (WAZ), height for age (HAZ) and BMI for age (BMIZ) were computed using growth references of the CDC 2000. It was observed that the Car Nicobarese children were shorter but heavier than Moplah children of both sexes all through the age range, which was also reflected in median value of anthropometric variables. Car Nicobarese children were nutritionally better compared to Moplah children based on the nutritional indices. The major differences between Car Nicobarese and Moplah children were found in their arm muscularity rather than arm adiposity. Overall, Car Nicobarese children were nutritionally in normal and better condition than Moplah children. However, present dietary change (intake of high calories and fat diet) of Car Nicobarese population may be reflected in the form of childhood obesity in the recent future, which has already been observed in their adult population. PMID:24630782

Sahani, R; Dinda, A; Kumar, U; Chakrabarty, S; Bharati, P

2014-04-01

12

Status report: Pretreatment chemistry evaluation FY1997 -- Wash and leach factors for the single-shell tank waste inventory  

SciTech Connect

The wash factors will be used to partition the single-shell tank (SST) inventory into soluble and insoluble portions. The leach factors will be used to estimate the further removal of bulk analytes, such as chromium, aluminum, and phosphate, as well as minor components. Wash and leach factors are given here for 18 analytes, elements expected to drive the volume of material disposed of as high-level waste (HLW). These factors are determined by a weighting methodology developed earlier by this task. Tank-specific analyte inventory values depicted in Tank Waste Data Summary Worksheets, are calculated from concentrations obtained from characterization reports; the waste density; and the tank waste volume. The experimentally determined percentage of analytes removed by washing and leaching in a particular tank waste are translated into a mass (metric tons) in Experimental Washing and Leaching Data Summary Worksheets.

Colton, N.G.

1997-08-01

13

Status Report: Pretreatment chemistry evaluation-Wash and leach factors for the single-shell tank waste inventory  

SciTech Connect

This report discusses a methodology developed to depict overall wash and leach factors for the Hanford single-shell tank (SST) inventory. The factors derived from this methodology, which is based on available partitioning data, are applicable to a composite SST inventory rather than only an assumed insoluble portion. The purpose of considering the entire inventory is to provide a more representative picture of the partitioning behavior of the analytes during envisioned waste retrieval and processing activities. The work described in this report was conducted by the Pretreatment Chemistry Evaluation task of the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS). The leach factors will be used to estimate the further removal of analytes, such as sodium, aluminum, phosphate, and other minor components. Wash and leach factors are given for elements expected to drive the volume of material disposed of as high-level waste (HLW).

Colton, N.G.

1996-09-01

14

Washing Dishes  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This experiment is about contaminiation. Learners will go through a series of steps in which they will test and observe how detergent breaks up contamination in a guided inquiry. Following this they will complete an open inquiry in which they ask questions about variables in washing dishes and design and conduct a test to answer these questions. Includes a teacher's guide and students handouts. Video and audio clips are provided. This lesson 4 of 10 from the Dynamic Design: The Cleanroom module.

15

Art Cars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners design miniature cars. Learners can create a telephone car, soccer car, merry-go-round car, or any other theme car they can imagine. Learners can also choose to construct moving sculptures to ride inside, motorize the car, build an obstacle course, and/or have a mini art car parade.

Minnesota, Science M.

2012-06-04

16

Car Park 31 Car Park 23  

E-print Network

Car Park 31 CarPark30 Car Park 1 Car Park 2 Car Park 23 Car Park 20 CarPark19 Car Park 29 Car Park 17 Car Park 16 Car Park 3 CarPark35 CarPark15 Car Park 14 Car Park 9 Car Park 33 CarPark6 CarPark5 Car Park 18 Car Park 10 Car Park 7 CaCa 8rkCCCCC PaPa kkCaCarrr P Car Park 8 Car Park 8 CarPark 21 Car

Tobar, Michael

17

Interior Air Pollution in Automotive Cabins by Volatile Organic Compounds Diffusing from Interior Materials: II. Influence of Manufacturer, Specifications and Usage Status on Air Pollution, and Estimation of Air Pollution Levels in Initial Phases of Delivery as a New Car  

Microsoft Academic Search

Air pollution in the cabins of 101 Japanese cars due to organic compounds diffusing from the interior materials has been described in our previous report. In the present study, the influence of the manufacturer, specifications and usage status of these cars on the interior air pollution was evaluated by covariance analysis. Also, the levels of air pollution in the initial

Toshiaki Yoshida; Ichiro Matsunaga; Kimiko Tomioka; Shinji Kumagai

2006-01-01

18

Car Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses car art and its appeal to boys and girls. Describes the popularity of customizing cars, focusing on this as a future career for students. Includes a list of project ideas that focuses on car art. (CMK)

Meilach, Dona Z.

2002-01-01

19

Car Sickness  

MedlinePLUS

... Neck & Nervous System > Car Sickness Health Issues Listen Car Sickness Article Body My child gets sick in the car quite often. How can we keep this from ... sitting so low in the backseat of a car that she cannot see outside. Her inner ear ...

20

Hand WashingHand Washing Germ Fighting 101  

E-print Network

Hand WashingHand Washing Germ Fighting 101 Hand washing may be a simple task, but it is extremely important in preventing the spread of contagious illnesses. Wash your hands often to remove disease-causing germs. Wash your hands: Wet hands with warm water. When warm water isn't available, wash for a longer

21

Hydraulic Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners build cars using syringes and water-powered hydraulics. Learners construct the car frame out of cardboard and set up a hydraulic system to raise and lower the car. Use this project to introduce learners to incompressible fluids and Pascal's Principle.

Workshop, Watsonville E.

2011-01-01

22

Car Quest  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students will determine the environmental effects of existing cars and a fleet consisting of their dream cars. They compute how many tons of heat-trapping gases are produced each year, how much it costs to fuel the cars, and related information. Then, students research and prepare a report about greener transportation choices.

Fund, World W.

23

Cable Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners string a line across the room and build cable cars that can move from on end to the other. Learners construct their cable cars out of wood sticks, motors, and electrical circuits. Use this activity to introduce how cable cars work as well as physics principles related to center of gravity, rotational motion, electricity, and motors.

Workshop, Watsonville E.

2011-01-01

24

Electric cars  

SciTech Connect

This article is devoted entirely to the subject of electric cars. Some of the topics covered are alternate fuels in relation to development of electric cars, the impact of zero-emission laws, the range and performance of electric cars, historical aspects, legislative incentives, and battery technology.

Worsnop, R.L.

1993-07-09

25

SOIL WASHING TREATMENT  

EPA Science Inventory

Soil washing is a water-based process for mechanically scrubbing soils ex-situ to remove undesirable contaminants. he process removes contaminants from soils in one of two ways: by dissolving or suspending them in the wash solution (which is later treated by conventional wastewat...

26

Hand WashingHand Washing Germ Fighting 101  

E-print Network

Hand WashingHand Washing Germ Fighting 101 Hand washing may be a simple task, but it is extremely important in preventing the spread of contagious illnesses in child-care settings. Wash your hands often to remove disease-causing germs. Wash your hands upon arrival to the child-care setting in addition to: Wet

27

3. VIEW LOOKING NORTH AT CHINA WASH FLUME SHOWING WASH ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. VIEW LOOKING NORTH AT CHINA WASH FLUME SHOWING WASH - San Carlos Irrigation Project, China Wash Flume, Main (Florence-Case Grande) Canal at Station 137+00, T4S, R10E, S14, Coolidge, Pinal County, AZ

28

Proper hand washing (image)  

MedlinePLUS

... handwashing include: Take off any jewelry Hold your hands pointing down under warm water for 15 to ... Steps for proper hand washing include: Take off any jewelry. Hold your hands pointing down under warm water for 15 to 30 seconds. ...

29

Newton Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners work in teams to investigate the relationship between mass, acceleration, and force as described in Newton's second law of motion. During a set of experiments, learners use a wooden car and rubber bands to toss varying masses off the car and measure how far the car rolls in response to the action force generated. Although this activity focuses on second law of motion, educators can use this activity to investigate all three of Netwon's laws. This lesson plan includes background information, tips and black-line masters for learners.

Shearer, Deborah A.; Gregory L. Vogt, Ed D.

2012-08-07

30

Car Sharing Scheme Car Share Scheme  

E-print Network

Car Sharing Scheme Car Share Scheme The cost is now reduced to ÂŁ10 per member of staff per car that is used to travel to and from work on occasions, i.e. where two cars may have originally been parked on Campus at the same time the scheme is aimed at reducing this to one car. Staff members who car

Martin, Ralph R.

31

Balloon Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners explore force and motion by constructing cardboard cars that are propelled by balloons. Learners can experiment with balloons of various sizes and shapes to change the speeds and distances their cars can travel. Use this activity to introduce learners to Newton's Laws of Motion. Note: a drill and drill bits may be used during this activity, but these are not included in the cost of materials.

Workshop, Fresno C.

2012-01-01

32

Bottle Cars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners explore motion, energy, and electricity by constructing bottle cars that run on motors. Learners can make two different types of cars: a 1-bottle model and a 2-bottle model. Use this activity to introduce learners to potential energy, kinetic energy, friction, and circuits. Note: a drill and drill bits may be used during this activity, but are not included in the cost of materials.

Workshop, Fresno C.

2011-01-01

33

Solvent wash solution  

DOEpatents

Process for removing diluent degradation products from a solvent extraction solution, which has been used to recover uranium and plutonium from spent nuclear fuel. A wash solution and the solvent extraction solution are combined. The wash solution contains (a) water and (b) up to about, and including, 50 volume percent of at least one-polar water-miscible organic solvent based on the total volume of the water and the highly-polar organic solvent. The wash solution also preferably contains at least one inorganic salt. The diluent degradation products dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent and the organic solvent extraction solvent do not dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent. The highly-polar organic solvent and the extraction solvent are separated.

Neace, James C. (Blackville, SC)

1986-01-01

34

Solvent wash solution  

DOEpatents

A process is claimed for removing diluent degradation products from a solvent extraction solution, which has been used to recover uranium and plutonium from spent nuclear fuel. A wash solution and the solvent extraction solution are combined. The wash solution contains (a) water and (b) up to about, and including, 50 vol % of at least one-polar water-miscible organic solvent based on the total volume of the water and the highly-polar organic solvent. The wash solution also preferably contains at least one inorganic salt. The diluent degradation products dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent and the organic solvent extraction solvent do not dissolve in the highly-polar organic solvent. The highly-polar organic solvent and the extraction solvent are separated.

Neace, J.C.

1984-03-13

35

Soil washing technology evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Environmental Restoration Engineering (ERE) continues to review innovative, efficient, and cost effective technologies for SRS soil and/or groundwater remediation. As part of this effort, this technical evaluation provides review and the latest information on the technology for SRS soil remediation. Additional technology evaluation reports will be issued periodically to update these reports. The purpose of this report is to review the soil washing technology and its potential application to SRS soil remediation. To assess whether the Soil Washing technology is a viable option for SRS soil remediation, it is necessary to review the technology/process, technology advantages/limitations, performance, applications, and cost analysis.

Suer, A.

1995-04-01

36

Domestic wash water reclamation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

System consists of filtration unit, reverse-osmosis module, tanks, pumps, plumbing, and various gauges, meters, and valves. After water is used in washing machine or shower, it is collected in holding tank. Water is pumped through series of five particulate filters. Pressure tank supplies processed water to commode water closet.

Hall, J. B., Jr.; Batten, C. E.; Wilkins, J. R.

1974-01-01

37

Soil washing treatability study  

SciTech Connect

Soil washing was identified as a viable treatment process option for remediating soil at the FEMP Environmental Management Project (FEMP). Little information relative to the specific application and potential effectiveness of the soil washing process exists that applies to the types of soil at the FEMP. To properly evaluate this process option in conjunction with the ongoing FEMP Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS), a treatability testing program was necessary to provide a foundation for a detailed technical evaluation of the viability of the process. In August 1991, efforts were initiated to develop a work plan and experimental design for investigating the effectiveness of soil washing on FEMP soil. In August 1992, the final Treatability Study Work Plan for Operable Unit 5: Soil Washing (DOE 1992) was issued. This document shall be referenced throughout the remainder of this report as the Treatability Study Work Plan (TSWP). The purpose of this treatability study was to generate data to support initial screening and the detailed analysis of alternatives for the Operable Unit 5 FS.

Krstich, M.

1995-12-01

38

Balloon Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this physics activity, challenge learners to make and race a balloon-powered car. Learners construct the body out of a paper cup, wheels out of wooden spools. and fuel tank out of a balloon. Demonstrate motion, forces, and kinetic and potential energy.

Boston, Wgbh

2002-01-01

39

Car wars  

SciTech Connect

With a 1998 deadline looming for electric vehicles to go into mass production (2% of all new cars sold in California, Massachusetts, and New York must not have tail pipe pollution), the major automakers and oil companies have started to attack. This article describes and evaluates charges used in the attacks and the alternative technology possibilities.

Russell, D.

1996-01-01

40

Motorized Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this design challenge activity, learners build a car that uses a battery-operated motor to "drive" at least ten feet. Educators can use this activity as a fun, hands-on way to introduce the design process as well as circuitry and motors to learners.

Wgbh

2010-01-01

41

Aqueous chemical wash compositions  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes an aqueous, substantially unfoamed chemical wash composition having properties making it suitable for use as a pre-flush in well cementing operations and/or for removal of drilling mud from a borehole at a temperature of from about 150/sup 0/F to about 270/sup 0/F, the wash a. being predominantly composed of water, b. containing an active surfactant component comprising a combination of (1) from about 0.1 to about 1.5 weight percent (total weight basis) of a water soluble anionic surfactant; (2) from about 0.1 to about 1.5 weight percent (total weight basis) of a nonionic surfactant; and (3) from about 0.05 to about 0.54 weight percent (total weight basis) of at least one water soluble amphoteric surfactant, and c. having dispersed therein a heterogeneous mixture of distinct particles comprising both a first particulate oil soluble resin which is friable and a second particulate oil soluble resin which is pliable and where the size of the friable resin particles ranges from about 0.5 to about 300 microns and the size of the pliable resin particles ranges from about 0.05 to about 30 microns. The amount of the friable-pliable resin mixture is sufficient to impart effective fluid loss control to the chemical wash composition.

Bannister, C.E.

1987-07-21

42

Washing Out the Competition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

AJT Associates, Inc. (AJT) worked with NASA to develop a revolutionary ozone-based laundry system. AJT's TecH2Ozone(R) wash system presents its customers with an energy-efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally safe way to perform commercial laundering. TecH2Ozone significantly reduces the amount of water and chemical used as compared to traditional commercial laundry systems. This reduction has resulted in lower cost and shorter wash cycles. And due to the reduced use of chemicals, a significant portion of the rinse water is recycled back into the system for reuse. TecH2Ozone customers, such as hotels and other large commercial laundry facilities, have felt the benefits of this equipment. Because of the reduced cycle times, fewer washers are needed and there is a notable increase in the cleanliness of the laundry. The reduction in chemical residues is a boon to customers with allergies and those prone to skin irritation from chemicals retained in regular laundry. AJT Associates, Inc. (AJT) worked with NASA to develop a revolutionary ozone-based laundry system. AJT's TecH2Ozone(R) wash system presents its customers with an energy-efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally safe way to perform commercial laundering.

2001-01-01

43

Enzymes for low temperature washing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing use of synthetic fibers which cannot tolerate temperatures above 50–60 C has changed the washing habits during\\u000a the past 5–10 years toward the use of lower washing temperatures. Furthermore, the energy crisis has focused interest on washing\\u000a at ambient temperatures for the purpose of saving energy. In order to compensate for the lower washing efficiency at decreased\\u000a temperatures,

M. H. Nielsen; S. J. Jepsen; H. Outtrup

1981-01-01

44

Car sick.  

PubMed

The automobile is currently seen as the most desirable mode of transportation. However, this view needs to be changed since the proliferation of the automobile worldwide is leading to the poisoning of the environment and people. In the US the number of passenger cars grew 51% between 1971-86 and in the noncommunist industrialized community that figure is 71%. The gasoline and diesel fuel used to power the overwhelming majority of cars creates a variety of problems. The pollution is estimated to have a hidden cost of US $.80/gallon. Others estimate that the pollution causes 30,000 premature deaths annually just in the US. 75% of the carbon monoxide (CO), 48% of nitrogen oxides (NO2), 13% of particulates (P), and 3% of sulfur (S) emissions come from cars in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which includes the US, Canada, Western Europe, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. 17% of all worldwide carbon dioxide (CO2) emission comes from the production and use of fossil fuels for cars. The single biggest problem associated with cars is the photochemical smog they create in urban areas. In 1986 75 million Americans lived in areas that failed to meet national air quality standards for CO, P, and ozone (03). The only area of major improvement has been the removal of lead from gasoline. It was known to cause problems from the beginning of its use in the 1920s, but remained for 50 years because of auto and oil company pressure. Ground 03 is estimated by the US government to cost US $4 billion in annual losses, just for corn, wheat, soybeans, and peanuts. Acid rain is the other major problem associated with cars, and its damage is estimated at US $5 billion annually. Both these problems are shortterm, their effects occur immediately; the longterm disadvantage is the build up of CO2 and its contribution to the greenhouse effect. While the US is at the forefront of regulation and many other countries are modeling their emission regulations after the US, the current system will not result in clean air. The government must not be guided by the auto and oil industries when determining the regulations to make the air clean. PMID:12317328

Renner, M G

1988-01-01

45

car goat goat 1 Car Goat Goat  

E-print Network

car goat goat 1 Car Goat Goat One of the most successful problems I have used with high school kids is the now notorious "car and two goats" problem. Its fascinating history certainly accounts, in some measure by the (male) host. Behind one of these there is a car, and behind each of the other two there is a goat. She

McCann, Robert J.

46

Car Parking and Access Car Parking  

E-print Network

Car Parking and Access Car Parking Parking permits are provided free of charge for visitors of the car parks on campus for the duration of the conference. The number of available spaces, and the location, will depend on demand for car parking for University business on any given date. Unfortunately

Sussex, University of

47

CAR-TO-CAR AND CAR-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE  

E-print Network

are therefore embedding such mechanisms into our autonomous electric car developed at INRIA (CyCab). NEMOCAR-TO-CAR AND CAR-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM BASED ON NEMO AND MANET IN IPv6 Thierry (private, public, logistic and safety vehicles) will rely on data exchanged between vehicles

Boyer, Edmond

48

Cars: Engineering for Efficiency  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn how the aerodynamics and rolling resistance of a car affect its energy efficiency through designing and constructing model cars out of simple materials. As the little cars are raced down a tilted track (powered by gravity) and propelled off a ramp, students come to understand the need to maximize the energy efficiency of their cars. The most energy-efficient cars roll down the track the fastest and the most aerodynamic cars jump the farthest. Students also work with variables and plot how a car's speed changes with the track angle.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

49

27 CFR 19.328 - Wash water.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS DISTILLED SPIRITS PLANTS Production Chemical By-Products § 19.328 Wash water. Water used in washing chemicals to remove spirits therefrom may be run into a wash tank or a...

2010-04-01

50

When and How to Wash Your Hands  

MedlinePLUS

... gov Share Compartir When & How to Wash Your Hands When should you wash your hands? Before, during, and after preparing food Before eating ... After touching garbage How should you wash your hands? Wet your hands with clean, running water (warm ...

51

7 CFR 58.429 - Washing machine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Washing machine. 58.429 Section 58.429 Agriculture...Equipment and Utensils § 58.429 Washing machine. When used, the washing machine for cheese cloths and bandages shall be...

2011-01-01

52

7 CFR 58.429 - Washing machine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Washing machine. 58.429 Section 58.429 Agriculture...Equipment and Utensils § 58.429 Washing machine. When used, the washing machine for cheese cloths and bandages shall be...

2013-01-01

53

7 CFR 58.429 - Washing machine.  

...2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Washing machine. 58.429 Section 58.429 Agriculture...Equipment and Utensils § 58.429 Washing machine. When used, the washing machine for cheese cloths and bandages shall be...

2014-01-01

54

7 CFR 58.429 - Washing machine.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Washing machine. 58.429 Section 58.429 Agriculture...Equipment and Utensils § 58.429 Washing machine. When used, the washing machine for cheese cloths and bandages shall be...

2012-01-01

55

SERVICES Rental Car Agreement  

E-print Network

This Management Memorandum announces the new contracts between the State of California and the commercial rental car vendors. This year the Department of General Services (DGS) competitively bid the commercial car rental contract resulting in a contract with a primary car rental vendor and a secondary car rental vendor. The primary car rental vendor is Enterprise Rent A Car for all government travel. In the event that the primary vendor is unable to provide service the secondary vendor must be used. Vanguard Car Rental USA is the secondary vendor. Vanguard Car Rental USA is the parent company of Alamo and National Car Rental. Departments are required to ensure that the secondary vendor is only used when the primary vendor cannot provide service. Contract Information The new rental car contracts require vendors to provide counter bypass. Counter bypass allows government employees traveling on official State

unknown authors

2008-01-01

56

Health Monitoring System for Car Seat  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A health monitoring system for use with a child car seat has sensors mounted in the seat to monitor one or more health conditions of the seat's occupant. A processor monitors the sensor's signals and generates status signals related to the monitored conditions. A transmitter wireless transmits the status signals to a remotely located receiver. A signaling device coupled to the receiver produces at least one sensory (e.g., visual, audible, tactile) output based on the status signals.

Elrod, Susan Vinz (Inventor); Dabney, Richard W. (Inventor)

2004-01-01

57

Enhanced sludge washing evaluation plan  

SciTech Connect

The Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Program mission is to store, treat, and immobilize highly radioactive Hanford Site waste (current and future tank waste and the strontium/cesium capsules) in an environmentally sound, safe, and cost-effective manner. The scope of the TWRS Waste Pretreatment Program is to treat tank waste and separate that waste into HLW and LLW fractions and provide additional treatment as required to feed LLW and HLW immobilization facilities. Enhanced sludge washing was chosen as the baseline process for separating Hanford tank waste sludge. Section 1.0 briefly discusses the purpose of the evaluation plan and provides the background that led to the choice of enhanced sludge washing as the baseline process. Section 2.0 provides a brief summary of the evaluation plan details. Section 3.0 discusses, in some detail, the technical work planned to support the evaluation of enhanced sludge washing. Section 4.0 briefly discusses the potential important of policy issues to the evaluation. Section 5.0 discusses the methodology to be used in the evaluation process. Section 6.0 summarizes the milestones that have been defined to complete the enhanced sludge washing evaluation and provides a summary schedule to evaluate the performance of enhanced sludge washing. References are identified in Section 7.0, and additional schedule and milestone information is provided in the appendices.

Jensen, R.D.

1994-09-01

58

17. CABLE CAR #22, VIEW SHOWING CAR ROUNDING CORNER IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. CABLE CAR #22, VIEW SHOWING CAR ROUNDING CORNER IN LOADING AREA NEXT TO CAR DUMP AND CAR DUMP BUILDING - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

59

Illinois PER Interactive Examples: Car Catches Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive homework problem requires the student to determine the collision velocity of two cars given their initial velocities, separation, and the acceleration of the braking car. The problem is accompanied by a sequence of questions designed to encourage critical thinking and conceptual analysis. It is part of a larger collection of interactive problems developed by the Illinois Physics Education Research Group.

Gladding, Gary

2008-02-09

60

Top 10 tech cars [fuel efficient cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are two groups within the global automobile industry that are competing to develop the most fuel efficient car. On one hand are the US and Japanese manufacturers who have invested billions of dollars in hybrid electric technology, while on the other hand are the European makers who support light-duty diesel engines. In addition to fuel efficiency, car manufacturers are

J. Voelcker

2006-01-01

61

Washing Fresh Fruits and Vegetables  

E-print Network

. Also wash and sanitize all countertops, cutting boards and utensils (including fruit/ vegetable brushes) with a mixture of 1 teaspoon chlorine bleach in 1 quart of water. Do this before and after preparing food. When washing fresh produce... and vegetables before preparing them ? even if the skin or rind will not be eaten. This prevents patho- gens from being transferred from the rind or skin to the inside of the fruit or vegetable when it is cut. To prevent spoilage and mold growth during...

Scott, Amanda

2008-09-05

62

Rubber Band Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this design challenge activity, learners build a car that can travel at least four feet using rubber band power and use the design process to debug problems. Learners can follow up this activity with the "Motorized Car" and "Customized Car" activities in the Leader Notes guide.

Wgbh

2010-01-01

63

Cars, Cycles, and Consumers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this consumer education module is to provide information and skills, and the ability to raise questions and find answers, while seeking the best automobile or motorcycle buy available for the money. The module may be used for a full or part semester course. The five sections (cars and the consumer, renting and leasing cars, cars and…

Idleman, Hillis K. Ed.

64

Keeping cars from crashing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adaptive cruise control is here, the first step toward systems that can help cars keep their distance on crowded highways. These adaptive cruise control (ACC) systems use laser beams or radar to measure the distance from the vehicle they are in to the car ahead and its speed relative to theirs. If a car crosses into the lane ahead, say,

W. D. Jones

2001-01-01

65

Spectroscopic studies of southern-hemisphere cepheids: WW Car, SX Car, UZ Car, UY Car, GX Car, HW Car, YZ Car  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For seven faint southern Cepheids (WW Car, SX Car, UZ Car, UY Car, GX Car, HW Car, YZ Car), we have determined their atmospheric parameters and chemical composition for the first time based on ten high-resolution ( R = 50 000) spectra taken with the 1.5-m Hexapod telescope at the Joint Observatory of the Northern Catholic University (Antofagasta, Chile) and the Ruhr University (Bochum, Germany). Six objects from the list demonstrate atmospheric parameters and chemical composition typical of Cepheids that have passed through the first dredge-up phase, while WW Car is probably an anomalous Cepheid. According to our preliminary estimates, it has an overabundance of CNO, a deficit of sodium and aluminum, and a slight deficit of magnesium, with iron and other elements being underabundant relative to the Sun.

Usenko, I. A.; Berdnikov, L. N.; Kravtsov, V. V.; Kniazev, A. Yu.; Chini, R.; Hoffmeister, V. H.; Stahl, O.; Drass, H.

2011-10-01

66

Wash flow disturbance and summer wash flow in the Mojave Desert: Influence on dispersion, production, and physiological functioning of dominant shrubs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In many Mojave Desert ecosystems, water infiltrates to root-zones in greatest proportion via washes. As such, washes have a pronounced effect on plant dispersion and size across these landscapes. Desert roads alter the natural spatial patterns of washes on alluvial fans (locally called bajadas) and potentially affect plant production and distribution. As a winter-rainfall dominated ecosystem, climate changes in the Mojave Desert that increase summer precipitation may also play an important role in altering vegetation processes influenced by washes. Road effects on the spatial distribution of desert plants on a Mojave Desert bajada were examined using remotely sensed LiDAR data and ground based measurements of plant size. Plant physiological responses to summer wash flow were also quantified by measuring gas exchange and water status of two dominant perennial species, Larrea tridentata and Ambrosia dumosa. Larrea and Ambrosia plants were nearly 7x and 4x larger where wash flow has been enhanced by road culverts, relative to undisturbed areas and areas where flow has been cut-off by the presence of a road/railroad. Clustering of large plants occurred along wash margins, with clustering most pronounced in areas of enhanced wash flow. No clustering was found where wash flow has been eliminated. For ecophysiological traits, both species showed pronounced responses to the pulse of water; however, these responses varied as a function of distance from wash. Larrea plants within 3 m and Ambrosia plants within ca. 2 m from the wash responded to the pulse of water. Leaf phenology dictated the timing of carbon gain as Larrea experienced a rapid but short-lived increase in stomatal conductance compared to a significant response for over a month following the pulse for Ambrosia. These results indicate that disturbance of desert washes has a pronounced impact on vegetation structure, and changing climatic conditions that impact plant function could potentially lead to even greater vegetation shifts through time.

Newlander, April

67

Abdominopelvic washings: A comprehensive review  

PubMed Central

Intraperitoneal spread may occur with gynecological epithelial neoplasms, as well as with non-gynecological malignancies, which may result in serosal involvement with or without concomitant effusion. Therefore, washings in patients with abdominopelvic tumors represent important specimens for cytologic examination. They are primarily utilized for staging ovarian cancers, although their role has decreased in staging of endometrial and cervical carcinoma. Abdominopelvic washings can be positive in a variety of pathologic conditions, including benign conditions, borderline neoplastic tumors, locally invasive tumors, or distant metastases. In a subset of cases, washings can be diagnostically challenging due to the presence of co-existing benign cells (e.g., mesothelial hyperplasia, endosalpingiosis, or endometriosis), lesions in which there is only minimal atypia (e.g., serous borderline tumors) or scant atypical cells, and the rarity of specific tumor types (e.g., mesothelioma). Ancillary studies including immunocytochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization may be required in difficult cases to resolve the diagnosis. This article provides a comprehensive and contemporary review of abdominopelvic washings in the evaluation of gynecologic and non-gynecologic tumors, including primary peritoneal and mesothelial entities. PMID:23858317

Rodriguez, Erika F.; Monaco, Sara E.; Khalbuss, Walid; Austin, R. Marshall; Pantanowitz, Liron

2013-01-01

68

Electric car arrives - again  

SciTech Connect

The first mass-produced electric cars in modern times are here, although they are expensive, limited in capability and unfamiliar to most prospective consumers. This article presents a brief history of the reintroduction of the modern electric car as well as discussions of the limitations of development, alternative routes to both producing and selling electric cars or some modified version of electric cars, economic incentives and governmental policies, and finally a snapshot description of the future for electric cars. 6 refs., 1 tab.

Dunn, S.

1997-03-01

69

A basket for washing benthological samples  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Since benthological samples collected with dredges are usually too large to be preserved in toto, a washing method must be employed to reduce the sample volume without losing or damaging the organisms. Traditionally, the sample is washed in a sieve until the volume is small enough for convenient handling or preservation. Most washing procedures are time-consuming and laborious. To save time in washing samples, a washing 'basket' was designed which accomadates a Ponar dredge. The only additional equipment needed to employ the washing basket effectively is a pump that delivers about 8 gallons of water per minute.

Selgeby, James H.

1971-01-01

70

Washing Machine Dehydration Dynamics Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents how an FEA model using MSC.NASTRAN was developed to simulate dehydration dynamics of a washing machine with spinning basket rotating about vertical axis. Gyroscopic effect centrifugal forces and self?balancing mechanism (liquid balancer associated with rotating structures were considered in the simulation. Using the model frequency response analysis was performed to simulate response of non?rotating structures in operating

Morio MITSUISHI Morio MITSUISHI; Changmin SONG Changmin SONG; Changmin SAMSUNG; Changsub KIM; Changsub SAMSUNG

71

Rally Car Jump Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Rally Car Jump Model simulates the effect of a rally car jumping off of a ramp as in an X Games event. The simulation make the approximation that the car's rear wheels move along the ramp at a constant speed until the end of the ramp is reached. The rally car experiences a torque, and hence a rotation, when the front wheels lose contact with the ramp. Once the rear wheels also leave the ramp, the rotation rate stays fixed until the car hits the second ramp. The Rally Car Jump Model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (EJS) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the jar file will run the program if Java is installed.

Belloni, Mario

2012-01-23

72

2014 Summer STEM Program : Car to Car Communication  

E-print Network

student will race their car to see which one travels the farthest Tuesday -Present the experiment kit2014 Summer STEM Program : Car to Car Communication Instructors: Monika Rathod and Dr. Imad car that is able to talk to other cars? If your answer is yes, then we have just the class for you! C

Fernandez, Eduardo

73

Logarithms and Car Payments  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This algebra lesson helps students connect how logarithms work to the real world example of financing a car. Students will use a formula to calculate the number of months it will take them to pay off a car loan based on the amount of the loan, the amount of the monthly car payment, and an interest rate which they will get from an internet resource. The student worksheet for this lesson may be downloaded here

2011-01-14

74

Building Model Solar Cars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

You will investigate some of the components that go into designing your own model of a solar car. This is to kindle car design ideas, not limit them. Go to Chassis 1. What is the chassis? What does it do? 2. What is one obvious consideration? 3. What is the difference between strong and stiff? Which do you want your solar car body to be? 4. Under orientation, how can you stiffen a material? 5. Under materials, what material do you ...

Benenati, Mr.

2008-05-07

75

Newton Rocket Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The purpose of this activity is to demonstrate Newton's third law of motion â which states that every action has an equal and opposite reaction â through a small wooden car. The Newton cars show how action/reaction works and how the mass of a moving object affects the acceleration and force of the system. Subsequently, the Newton cars provide students with an excellent analogy for how rockets actually work.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

76

What Kind of Car Am I? An Exercise to Sensitize Students to Social Class Inequality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Americans are said to have a love affair with cars. Recent magazine articles have addressed automobiles as objects of status and desire and how particular cars have become American icons. The popularity of "Car Talk" on National Public Radio and television shows like "Monster Garage" and "Overhaulin'" also suggest their ongoing fascination with…

Tiemann, Kathleen A.; Davis, Karen; Eide, Terri L.

2006-01-01

77

3. VAL CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. VAL CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK WITH THE VAL TO THE RIGHT, LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

78

18. CABLE CAR #21, DETAIL OF CAR COMING OUT OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. CABLE CAR #21, DETAIL OF CAR COMING OUT OF LOADING AREA OF CAR DUMP BUILDING - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

79

2. VAL CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VAL CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK WITH CAMERA STATION ABOVE LOOKING WEST TAKEN FROM RESERVOIR. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

80

Internet Car Retailing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the effect of Internet car referral services on dealer pricing of automobiles in California. Combining data from J.D. Power and Associates and Autobytel.com, a major online auto referral service, we compare online transaction prices to regular street' prices. We find that the average customer of this online service pays approximately 2% less for her car, which corresponds

Fiona M. Scott Morton; Florian Zettelmeyer; Jorge Silva Risso

2000-01-01

81

Mousetrap racing car  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this physics contest is to build a mousetrap car that will travel in a circular path on the floor. The car must be able to start from rest, travel in excess of 2 pi radians, and stop as close to 3 pi radians (1.5 revolutions) as possible.

Bouffard, Karen

2000-03-01

82

Clickable Fuel Cell Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive, students can investigate a typical hydrogen fuel cell prototype car from its fuel cell stacks to its ultracapacitor, a kind of supplementary power source. The limited-production vehicle seen in this feature is a Honda 2005 FCX, which is typical of the kinds of hydrogen fuel cell cars that some major automakers are now researching and developing.

Tyson, Peter; Novasciencenow

83

Fan Car Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Fan-powered cars are a great way to explore the concept of motion. The handheld fan allows students to control the force acting on the car, thus eliminating a variable that would arise if students pushed the vehicles by hand. This article describes how to

Wetzel, David R.

2000-01-01

84

Bringing Electric Cars to Market  

E-print Network

Up for Press, Electric 1 QQ5). Studies, Cars" in In responseelectric vehicles (EVs) have emerged as promising alterna- tives to carsElectric-propulsion technology requires a fundamental shift in many aspects of car

Sperling, Daniel

1995-01-01

85

Winter, Your Car, and You  

MedlinePLUS

... channel, or forecasts in the daily papers. Your Car Prepare your car for winter. Start with a checkup that includes: • ... Checking antifreeze level and the freeze line. Your car should have a tune-up (check the owner's ...

86

Virtual Car: Velocity and Acceleration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation depicts the changing motion of a car when the user controls speed and direction. The speed of the car is indicated with a green arrow, and the car's acceleration is indicated with a purple arrow.

87

Shuttle car loading system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A system is described for loading newly mined material such as coal, into a shuttle car, at a location near the mine face where there is only a limited height available for a loading system. The system includes a storage bin having several telescoping bin sections and a shuttle car having a bottom wall that can move under the bin. With the bin in an extended position and filled with coal the bin sections can be telescoped to allow the coal to drop out of the bin sections and into the shuttle car, to quickly load the car. The bin sections can then be extended, so they can be slowly filled with more while waiting another shuttle car.

Collins, E. R., Jr. (inventor)

1985-01-01

88

Three Activities: One Hand Washes Another, I'm All Washed Up and Who is All Washed Up?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

ATEEC presents this problem-based lesson plan on risk assessment of environmental health issues. Students will study infectious diseases, particularly those spread via vector-borne, food-borne and water-borne means. They will learn about environmental exposures which cause various infectious diseases. The lesson consists of three individual activities: One Hand Washes Another, I'm All Washed Up... and Who is All Washed Up? Each activity stresses the importance of hand washing. Detailed instructions are provided for each activity. This resource is free to download. Users must first create a login with ATEEC's website to access the file.

2013-07-23

89

Winter Car Kit Suggested items to keep in your car  

E-print Network

Winter Car Kit Suggested items to keep in your car: Flashlights w/ extra batteries First aid kit w dangerous. Special care must be given to your car before the winter season appears and extra caution must. Even if you maintain control of your car, not everyone else will. So, don't get lulled into a false

Myers, Lawrence C.

90

Aluminum removal from washed sludge  

SciTech Connect

Purpose of this project is to reduce the volume of storage tank sludge to be treated by removing the Al and other nonradioactive components. In initial sludge surrogate studies, Al, Cr, and Zn showed the highest solubility in NaOH solutions; Ce and Zr were the least soluble of the elements tested. Removal of Fe and Bi approached 2%, the rest of the elements studied showed <1% removal. Amount of Al removed increased as the NaOH conc. increased from 0.1 to 6 M. Sequential washing of the sludge surrogate with 3 M NaOH removed 84% of the Al, 39% of the Cr, and 65% of the Zn. Surrogate sludges containing U and Th were also studied.

Egan, B.Z.; Collins, J.L. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Ensor, D.D. [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

1995-12-31

91

Lead removal via soil washing and leaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

A soil washing and leaching process was tested for removing lead from soils. A soil-washing circuit, including size and gravity\\u000a separations, was employed to remove the coarse metallic lead particles, while the leaching was applied to remove fine metallic\\u000a lead particles and other lead species. The soil-washing tests proved that the metallic lead particles larger than 0.15 mm\\u000a (100 mesh)

H. K. Lin; X. D. Man; D. E. Walsh

2001-01-01

92

Evaluation of detergents for washing fabrics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various methods are used today to check the washing effect of detergents. They differ mainly in whether the cleaning assessment\\u000a is determined by the use of artificially soiled test fabrics, anonymous naturally soiled laundry in a single wash test, or\\u000a new family bundles in multiple use and wash test series. Correlation of the information based on the actual field behavior

H. Krüssmann

1978-01-01

93

How do CARs work?  

PubMed Central

Second-generation chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) are powerful tools to redirect antigen-specific T cells independently of HLA-restriction. Recent clinical studies evaluating CD19-targeted T cells in patients with B-cell malignancies demonstrate the potency of CAR-engineered T cells. With results from 28 subjects enrolled by five centers conducting studies in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or lymphoma, some insights into the parameters that determine T-cell function and clinical outcome of CAR-based approaches are emerging. These parameters involve CAR design, T-cell production methods, conditioning chemotherapy as well as patient selection. Here, we discuss the potential relevance of these findings and in particular the interplay between the adoptive transfer of T cells and pre-transfer patient conditioning. PMID:23264903

Davila, Marco L.; Brentjens, Renier; Wang, Xiuyan; Riviere, Isabelle; Sadelain, Michel

2012-01-01

94

Handicapped car lifting seat  

E-print Network

Currently there is a lack of assistance in automobile usage for the older people of our society. In an attempt to combat this problem, this thesis designs and builds a working conceptual model of a handicapped car lifting ...

Schoenmakers, Sean A

2005-01-01

95

Towards CARS Endoscopy Franois Lgar*  

E-print Network

Towards CARS Endoscopy François Légaré* Center for Nanoscale Systems and Department of Chemistry provide a proof-of-principle demonstration of CARS endoscopy. The design utilizes a single mode optical characteristics at intensities needed for endoscopy. CARS endoscopic images are recorded by collecting the epi-CARS

Xie, Xiaoliang Sunney

96

Making CARS better Max Zimmerleya  

E-print Network

Making CARS better Max Zimmerleya , Hyun Min Kima , Desiré Whitmorea , Vishnu Vardhan is presented of recent trends in coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microscopy. We briefly discuss the influence of tissue scattering on the CARS signal, methods for controlling the CARS emission and prospects

Potma, Eric Olaf

97

Propeller-Powered Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners construct cars that are powered by hand-made, electric propellers. Learners construct the base of the car out of a craft stick, use brass tacks and a paper clip to make a switch, and assemble a circuit using wire, a motor, and 9V battery. This project will help learners explore concepts of motion and forces including Newton's Laws of Motion, friction, and acceleration as well as circuits and electricity.

Workshop, Watsonville E.

2011-01-01

98

Rotary rail car dumper coal-dust-suppressant experiment  

SciTech Connect

A rotary rail car dumper dust-suppressant experiment was performed at the PEPCO Morgantown Power Plant coal handling facility, Newburg, Maryland during the late summer and early fall of 1983. From previous observations of rotary coal car dumping, it was observed that large amounts of dust, especially for washed coal, were generated from the exposed top layer of coal in the open rail car. An overhead spray system using water and surfactant was used to examine the effectiveness of surface wetting just before dumping. High volume sampling at both the entrance and exit doorways of the dumper shed was used to determine the coal dust reduction. A total of 23 tests was performed, of which 16 tests were considered valid. All data were normalized for background, number of tons dumped and sampling time. The use of an overhead spray system can substantially suppress fugitive coal dust generated by rotary rail car dumping of coal. A water and surfactant mixture provided coal-dust-suppressant efficiencies ranging from 47% to 79% with an average of 61% for a combination of washed, mixed, and unwashed coal.

Meyer, J.H.; Hereford, L.G.; Lenkevich, M.J.

1984-10-01

99

Health of a team competing in the 1990 World Solar Car Challenge.  

PubMed

The health of a team participating in the 1990 World Solar Car Challenge was recorded for 10 of the 11 race days. Morbidity was collected during daily consultations with the team doctor and the diagnoses were later converted to the ICPC code. Team members' self-perceived health status was also recorded daily, using the Nottingham Health Profile. Team drivers consulted the doctor more often than the support staff and the three full-time drivers had significantly more diagnoses than the support staff. The Nottingham Health Profile scores on sleep, energy and emotional reactions showed correlations between higher minimum temperatures and sleep for all team members and for the three full-time drivers, there were significant correlations between increasing maximum temperatures and emotional reaction scores. The morbidity records and perceived health scores reflect the conditions of the race. Twenty-five per cent of full-time driver consultations dealt with skin, eyelid or finger infections probably caused by the lack of washing water. The scores on sleep and emotional reactions were affected by temperature and previous research reports degradation in concentration and dual tasks with increasing temperature. This may account for the difficulty some drivers had in continuing their shifts. Close supervision of the drivers and the recording of their perceived health status helped reduce the health problems of the team. PMID:1625264

Moorhead, R G; Laurence, C

1992-06-01

100

SOLVENT WASHING OF PCP CONTAMINATED SOILS WITH ANAEROBIC TREATMENT OF WASH FLUIDS  

EPA Science Inventory

A solvent washing procedure for the removal of pentachlorophenol (PCP) from contaminated soils is presented. his procedure can be used in both in-situ and above ground soil washing applications. he in-situ solvent washing (flushing) of soil was simulated by continuously flushing ...

101

Inhibition Of Washed Sludge With Sodium Nitrite  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of electrochemical tests used to determine the relationship between the concentration of the aggressive anions in washed sludge and the minimum effective inhibitor concentration. Sodium nitrate was added as the inhibitor because of its compatibility with the DWPF process. A minimum of 0.05M nitrite is required to inhibit the washed sludge simulant solution used in this study. When the worst case compositions and safety margins are considered, it is expected that a minimum operating limit of nearly 0.1M nitrite will be specified. The validity of this limit is dependent on the accuracy of the concentrations and solubility splits previously reported. Sodium nitrite additions to obtain 0.1M nitrite concentrations in washed sludge will necessitate the additional washing of washed precipitate in order to decrease its sodium nitrite inhibitor requirements sufficiently to remain below the sodium limits in the feed to the DWPF. Nitrite will be the controlling anion in "fresh" washed sludge unless the soluble chloride concentration is about ten times higher than predicted by the solubility splits. Inhibition of "aged" washed sludge will not be a problem unless significant chloride dissolution occurs during storage. It will be very important tomonitor the composition of washed sludge during processing and storage.

Congdon, J. W.; Lozier, J. S.

2012-09-25

102

Viability and functional integrity of washed platelets  

SciTech Connect

The viability and functional integrity of saline- and ACD-saline-washed platelets were compared with those of unwashed platelets. After template bleeding time (TBT) was measured, 15 healthy volunteers underwent plateletpheresis and ingested 600 mg of aspirin. Autologous /sup 111/In-labeled platelets were transfused: unwashed (n = 5), washed with 0.9 percent saline solution (SS) (n = 5), and washed with a buffered 12.6 percent solution of ACD-A in 0.9 percent saline solution (n = 5). After transfusion, we measured TBT at 1, 4, and 24 hours; platelet survival at 10 minutes and 1, 4, and 24 hours and daily for 6 days; and the percentage of uptake in liver and spleen by quantitative whole-body radionuclide scintigraphy at 24 and 190 hours. We found that saline washing affected platelet recovery, 23.47 +/- 12 percent (p less than 0.001) as compared to 52.43 +/- 17 percent (p less than 0.002) for ACD-saline and 73.17 +/- 8 percent for control; that saline washing resulted in a greater liver uptake than control and ACD-saline-washed platelets (31.9 +/- 8% (p less than 0.001) vs 17.7 +/- 4.1 and 19.3 +/- 2.1% (p greater than 0.1), respectively); that, unlike control and ACD-saline-washed platelets, saline-washed platelets did not shorten bleeding time; and that neither type of washing affected survival. Although ACD-saline washing affects recovery, it also results in intact function, normal survival, higher recovery than SS platelets, and no significant liver uptake.

Pineda, A.A.; Zylstra, V.W.; Clare, D.E.; Dewanjee, M.K.; Forstrom, L.A.

1989-07-01

103

Short Description of the CarRing II Simulator Within the CarRing II project, a software was developed for the simulation of  

E-print Network

Short Description of the CarRing II Simulator Within the CarRing II project, a software was developed for the simulation of intra-car communication. Our simulator is based on the known "Network Simulator 2" framework (ns-2). We have developed it to verify CarRing II's basic concepts, and to explore

Zachmann, Gabriel

104

Aerodynamics of Race Cars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Race car performance depends on elements such as the engine, tires, suspension, road, aerodynamics, and of course the driver. In recent years, however, vehicle aerodynamics gained increased attention, mainly due to the utilization of the negative lift (downforce) principle, yielding several important performance improvements. This review briefly explains the significance of the aerodynamic downforce and how it improves race car performance. After this short introduction various methods to generate downforce such as inverted wings, diffusers, and vortex generators are discussed. Due to the complex geometry of these vehicles, the aerodynamic interaction between the various body components is significant, resulting in vortex flows and lifting surface shapes unlike traditional airplane wings. Typical design tools such as wind tunnel testing, computational fluid dynamics, and track testing, and their relevance to race car development, are discussed as well. In spite of the tremendous progress of these design tools (due to better instrumentation, communication, and computational power), the fluid dynamic phenomenon is still highly nonlinear, and predicting the effect of a particular modification is not always trouble free. Several examples covering a wide range of vehicle shapes (e.g., from stock cars to open-wheel race cars) are presented to demonstrate this nonlinear nature of the flow field.

Katz, Joseph

2006-01-01

105

Cars from the Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In some cities, especially large cities such as Los Angeles or Mexico City, visible air pollution is a major problem, both for human health and the environment. A variety of sources contribute to air pollution, but personal vehicles account for one of the main sources. Though each car has relatively low emissions when compared to vehicles of the 1970s, there are so many more cars on the road now that their emissions play a large role in overall pollution. In this activity, students think about alternate ways to power a vehicle to reduce emissions. Student teams design an eco-friendly car using the engineering design process, and make a presentation to showcase their product.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

106

NASA: Newton Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This experiment demonstrates Newton's Second Law of Motion by showing the reaction of a rolling car to increased mass and initial velocity. Students build the vehicle out of wooden blocks, wood screws, rubber bands, matchsticks, and fishing sinkers. By doing repeated trials of the experiment, it will become clear that the distance the car travels depends on the number of rubber bands used and the mass of the block (mass is increased by adding sinkers). This resource was developed by the NASA Glenn Research Center Aerospace Education Services Project.

Project, Nasa G.

2005-02-07

107

14. CAR DUMP BUILDING, SOUTHWEST CORNER, VIEW SHOWING CABLE CAR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. CAR DUMP BUILDING, SOUTHWEST CORNER, VIEW SHOWING CABLE CAR #20 BENEATH COAL CHUTES - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

108

Wash water solids removal system study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

During wash water purification, surfactants tend to precipitate and foul the RO membranes, causing water flux decline and loss of salt rejection. The use of 165 to 190 ppm ferric chloride and optionally 0.25 to 1.0 ppm polymeric flocculate precipitates 92 to 96 percent of the surfactant from an Olive Leaf Soap based wash water. Crossflow filtration and pressure filtration yield good soap rejection at high water flux rates. Post-treatment of the chemically pretreated and filtered wash water with activated charcoal removes the residual soap down to an undetectable level.

1974-01-01

109

1. VARIABLEANGLE LAUNCHER CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VARIABLE-ANGLE LAUNCHER CAMERA CAR, VIEW OF CAMERA CAR AND TRACK WITH CAMERA STATION ABOVE LOOKING NORTH TAKEN FROM RESERVOIR. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

110

21 CFR 133.137 - Washed curd cheese for manufacturing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 2 2013-04-01...Washed curd cheese for manufacturing. 133.137 Section 133.137 Food and Drugs FOOD...SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION...Washed curd cheese for manufacturing. Washed curd...

2013-04-01

111

21 CFR 133.137 - Washed curd cheese for manufacturing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 2 2011-04-01...Washed curd cheese for manufacturing. 133.137 Section 133.137 Food and Drugs FOOD...SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION...Washed curd cheese for manufacturing. Washed curd...

2011-04-01

112

21 CFR 133.137 - Washed curd cheese for manufacturing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

21 Food and Drugs 2 2012-04-01...Washed curd cheese for manufacturing. 133.137 Section 133.137 Food and Drugs FOOD...SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION...Washed curd cheese for manufacturing. Washed curd...

2012-04-01

113

21 CFR 133.137 - Washed curd cheese for manufacturing.  

21 Food and Drugs 2 2014-04-01...Washed curd cheese for manufacturing. 133.137 Section 133.137 Food and Drugs FOOD...SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION...Washed curd cheese for manufacturing. Washed curd...

2014-04-01

114

Investigating Forces: Balloon car activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a guided inquiry-based lab that investigates forces exerted on a group of student-designed and engineered "balloon cars". Each group of students is then challenged to build a "balloon car" that travels a maximum distance.

115

UWB car attenuation measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the European regulatory domain the CEPT ECC working group TG3 on ultra wideband (UWB) has developed a broad framework for the regulation of the deployment of UWB devices in Europe. In the first draft of the regulation the deployment of UWB will be strictly restricted to indoor usage, prohibiting usage in cars, trains and planes in order to guarantee

F. Berens; H. Dunger; S. Czarnecki; T. Bock; R. Reuter; S. Zeisberg; J. Weber; J. F. Guasch

2007-01-01

116

Race Car Rally.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an activity where teams of parents and children work together to solve problems involving matchbox-sized race cars. The teams collect, record, and analyze data; measure distances in metric; and explore concepts related to mass, friction, and force. (PR)

Anthony, Joan L.

1994-01-01

117

Smart ideas (Smart cars)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elaborates on smart designs in the automobile industry (spotlighting, in a panel, the Mercedes-Benz Smart Car in detail) in many companies and across the world — such as: Brazil's Volkswagen factory; Mlada Boleslav (Prague) in the Czech Republic for Skoda; Melfi, Italy for Fiat, plus other proposed developments for Ford, etc. Concludes that the more you break boundaries down —

T Kippenberger

1997-01-01

118

Car Budget Activity  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A handout from The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. III, No. 7, July 1997 (English as a second language). The activity can easily be adapted for different countries and is designed to show the importance of good budgeting and basic common sense when planning to buy a car.

Klepinger, Lawrence

2007-03-05

119

Modeling the Mousetrap Car  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many high school and introductory college physics courses make use of mousetrap car projects and competitions as a way of providing an engaging hands-on learning experience incorporating Newton's laws, conversion of potential to kinetic energy, dissipative forces, and rotational mechanics. Presented here is a simple analytical and finite element…

Jumper, William D.

2012-01-01

120

21 CFR 1250.87 - Wash water.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.87 Wash water. Where systems installed on vessels for...

2011-04-01

121

21 CFR 1250.87 - Wash water.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.87 Wash water. Where systems installed on vessels for...

2012-04-01

122

21 CFR 1250.87 - Wash water.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.87 Wash water. Where systems installed on vessels for...

2010-04-01

123

21 CFR 1250.87 - Wash water.  

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.87 Wash water. Where systems installed on vessels for...

2014-04-01

124

21 CFR 1250.87 - Wash water.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...REGULATIONS UNDER CERTAIN OTHER ACTS ADMINISTERED BY THE FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION INTERSTATE CONVEYANCE SANITATION Sanitation Facilities and Conditions on Vessels § 1250.87 Wash water. Where systems installed on vessels for...

2013-04-01

125

Wash water waste pretreatment system study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of real wash water had no adverse effect on soap removal when an Olive Leaf soap based system was used; 96 percent of the soap was removed using ferric chloride. Numerous chemical agents were evaluated as antifoams for synthetic wash water. Wash water surfactants used included Olive Leaf Soap, Ivory Soap, Neutrogena and Neutrogena Rain Bath Gel, Alipal CO-436, Aerosol 18, Miranol JEM, Palmeto, and Aerosol MA-80. For each type of soapy wash water evaluated, at least one antifoam capable of causing nonpersistent foam was identified. In general, the silicones and the heavy metal ions (i.e., ferric, aluminum, etc.) were the most effective antifoams. Required dosage was in the range of 50 to 200 ppm.

1976-01-01

126

TRUCK WASHING TERMINAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL  

EPA Science Inventory

A laboratory and pilot-scale investigation of a treatment sequence, including physical, chemical, and biological treatment steps led to a full-scale installation for the treatment of tank truck washing wastewater. The system included gravity separation, equalization, neutralizati...

127

AAP Updates Recommendations on Car Seats  

MedlinePLUS

... Car Seats News Listen AAP Updates Recommendations on Car Seats Article Body Children should ride rear-facing ... of approved car safety seats. Healthy Children Radio: Car Seat Safety Dennis Durbin, MD, FAAP, lead author ...

128

Radionuclide content of Las Vegas wash sediments  

SciTech Connect

The Las Vegas Wash is an excavated waterway channel which drains all surface water and effluent discharge from sewage-treatment facilities from the greater Las Vegas Metropolitan Area to Lake Mead. Runoff and erosion processes are expected to transport man-made radioactivity that was deposited over the past several decades in the Las Vegas Valley. Additionally, radionuclides disposed of via the city`s sanitary system are expected to accumulate in the Wash sediments. Fine and coarse sediment samples were collected at 100 m intervals and analyzed to determine the distribution of alpha- and gamma-emitting radionuclides in the lower 5,500 in of the Las Vegas Wash. Results indicate little accumulation of long-lived fission products in upstream Wash sediments. However, trace amounts of fission products measured in downstream sediments suggest the resuspension and transport of radioactive particulate matter within the Wash. Levels of naturally-occurring radionuclides found in Wash sediments were found to be consistent with levels typically found in southeast Nevada soils.

Rudin, M.J.; Meyers, A.M.; Johnson, W.H. [Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States)

1996-06-01

129

Plant dispersal by motor cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mud from a car driving more than 15 000 km in the growing season of 1986 in the area surrounding Göttingen (FRG) was sampled systematically to assess the size and nature of the car-borne flora. The sludge from front and back mudguards, wheels and other lower parts of the car was set out for germination in a greenhouse. Until the

W. Schmidt

1989-01-01

130

Algorithmic + Geometric characterization of CAR  

E-print Network

Algorithmic + Geometric characterization of CAR (Coarsening at Random) Richard Gill - Utrecht but independent) CCAR 3 door problem X=door with car behind Y=two doors still closed = {your first choice, other door left closed} 3 door problem X=door with car behind Y=(your first choice, other door left closed

Gill, Richard D.

131

San Francisco Cable Car Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Celebrated in American film, song, and popular legend, the San Francisco cable car gets its full due on this well honed site devoted to the history and operation of this cherished form of transportation. Beginning with a virtual tour of the Cable Car Museum, the site contains a full roster of current San Francisco cable cars and a detailed explanation of how a cable car works. Probably the strongest aspect of the site is the sheer amount of visual material available here, including over 150 photos that relate the history of the cable car system and continue on to the present day. Recent additions to the site include a collection of historic cable car transfers and information about a new book on cable cars in San Francisco.

2002-01-01

132

Meteorologie in CAR II  

Microsoft Academic Search

The RIVM has developed and tested a methodology capable of increasing the\\u000aaccuracy of the air quality calculations by the CAR II model in streets\\u000awith traffic. Adaptations to the original arithmetic method have led to\\u000abetter agreement between measurements carried out by the national air\\u000aquality measurement network (LML) of the RIVM and results calculated with\\u000athe model.\\u000aDutch

D. Mooibroek; J. P. Wesseling

2008-01-01

133

1993 New Car Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This dataset, created by Robin H. Locke of St. Lawrence University, describes 93 new cars for the 1993 model year with 26 variables, including price, mpg ratings, and engine size. It also illustrates a broad range of statistical techniques such as box-whisker plot, confidence intervals, difference in means, one-way ANOVA, contingency table, scatterplot, regression, and correlation. If further research is required the author has included a list of references.

Lock, Robin H.

2009-02-11

134

The role of driver sleepiness in car crashes: a systematic review of epidemiological studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess the available evidence for a causal role of driver sleepiness in car crashes or car crash injury, and to quantify the effect, a systematic review of the international literature was conducted. The review included all studies with a fatigue-related exposure measure, a crash or crash injury outcome measure and a comparison group, regardless of publication status, language or

Jennie Connor; Gary Whitlock; Robyn Norton; Rod Jackson

2001-01-01

135

Car Sharing for the Twin Cities ! HOURCAR helps make it possible to live car-  

E-print Network

Car Sharing for the Twin Cities ! HOURCAR helps make it possible to live car- free or car-lite by filling in the "gaps" ! Car sharing reduces car ownership and saves its members thousands of dollars per year ! Car sharing "right-sizes" and makes transparent the costs of car usage #12;HOURCAR ! Transit

Minnesota, University of

136

Removal of naphthalene from recirculated wash oil  

SciTech Connect

A bleed stream from the recirculating wash oil in a final cooling system for coke oven gas is centrifugally separated into a waste water stream, a sludge stream and a clean, dry oil stream which is substantially free of solids and has a water content less than 0.5% (Wt.). The clean, dry oil stream is heated to less than about 160/sup 0/C., preferably 125/sup 0/-135/sup 0/C, before entering a naphthalene stripper-wash oil still.

Burcaw, K.R.; Watkins, R.E.

1981-09-01

137

Plastic Race Car Competition  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video, presented by WGBH, looks at a high school outreach program to get students interested in plastic manufacturing by having them make plastic race cars. The students go through the entire process of design from both technical and hands-on perspectives. This video also serves as an overview of the different types of plastic manufacturing processes that are utilized in the industry. This video would be great for anyone interested in plastic manufacturing, or just looking to learn a little bit more about it. Educators will also find a background essay, discussion questions, and standards alignment for the material. Running time for the video is 4:32.

2010-10-05

138

Hand washing compliance among retail food establishment workers in Minnesota.  

PubMed

Inadequate hand washing by food workers is an important contributing factor to foodborne disease outbreaks in retail food establishments (RFEs). We conducted a survey of RFEs to investigate the effect of hand washing training, availability of hand washing facilities, and the ability of the person in charge (PIC) to describe hand washing according to the Minnesota Food Code (food code) on workers' ability to demonstrate food code-compliant hand washing. Only 52% of the PICs could describe the hand washing procedure outlined in the food code, and only 48% of workers could demonstrate code-compliant hand washing. The most common problems observed were failure to wash for 20 s and failure to use a fingernail brush. There was a strong positive association between the PIC being a certified food manager and being able to describe the food code hand washing procedure (odds ratio [OR], 5.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.2 to 13.7), and there was an even stronger association between the PIC being able to describe hand washing and workers being able to demonstrate code-compliant hand washing (OR, 15; 95% CI, 6 to 37). Significant associations were detected among correct hand washing demonstration, physical infrastructure for hand washing, and the hand washing training methods used by the establishment. However, the principal determinant of successful hand washing demonstration was the PIC's ability to describe proper hand washing procedure. These results suggest that improving hand washing practices among food workers will require interventions that address PIC knowledge of hand washing requirement and procedure and the development and implementation of effective hand washing training methods. PMID:15633696

Allwood, Paul B; Jenkins, Timothy; Paulus, Colleen; Johnson, Lars; Hedberg, Craig W

2004-12-01

139

Sparks fly over electric cars  

SciTech Connect

While the US automobile industry scrambles to meet 1998 deadlines to put electric vehicles on the market, controversy about the environmental benefits and commercial viability of battery-operated cars is mounting. Circumstances in the US increasingly favor the electric car. Air quality laws in California and Massachusetts now demand that {open_quotes}zero-emission{close_quotes} vehicles comprise 2 percent of total sales in the car market by 1998. Electric cars are the only vehicles to meet such standards so far. Other states are considering similar laws. This article examines the pros and cons of electric vehicle use.

Griffith, V.

1994-10-01

140

Washing of the AW-101 entrained solids  

SciTech Connect

BNFL Inc. (BNFL) is under contract with the US Department of Energy, River Protection Project (DOE-RPP) to design, construct, and operate facilities for treating wastes stored in the single-shell and double-shell tanks at the Hanford Site, Richland, Washington. The DOE-BNFL RPP contract identifies two feeds to the waste treatment plant: (1) primarily liquid low-activity waste (LAW) consisting of less than 2 wt% entrained solids and (2) high-level waste (HLW) consisting of 10 to 200 g/L solids slurry. This report describes the results of a test conducted by Battelle to assess the effects of inhibited water washing on the composition of the entrained solids in the diluted AW-101 low-activity waste (LAW) sample. The objective of this work was to gather data on the solubility of the AW-101 entrained solids in 0.01 M NaOH, so that BNFL can evaluate whether these solids require caustic leaching. The work was conducted according to test plan BNFL-TP-29953-9, Rev. 0, LAW Entrained Solids Water Wash and Caustic Leach Testing. The test went according to plan, with no deviations from the test plan. Based on the results of the 0.01 M NaOH washing, a decision was made by BNFL to not proceed with the caustic leaching test. The composition of the washed solids was such that caustic leaching would not result in significant reduction in the immobilized HLW volume.

GJ Lumetta

2000-03-31

141

Rain Induced Pollutant Washing in Urban Areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the major problems in urban areas is the pollution of atmosphere, soil and water. The rain washes and cleanses the air and the land surface and then, as runoff, transports a variety of materials to the nearest receiving water body. The pollution generation in storm runoff is a very complex process. It is an accepted view that a

G. Del Giudice; A. Leopardi; M. Greco

142

Bicilavadora The Pedal-Powered Washing Machine  

E-print Network

chores are often seen as cul- tural obligations for women so little effort is expended to diminish them, washing laundry is a difficult, time-consuming task that falls solely on women. Mothers and daughters 2005 Proposal 1 Background 1.1 Need In developing countries, rural women are among the least privileged

Gummadi, Ramakrishna

143

Recycled Wash Water Crushed Returned Concrete  

E-print Network

.ORG 4000 4500 5000 Control 4h 1d 7d Age of Slurry 28-dCompressiveS Reclaimers w/Gray Water Recycling WWW. NRMCA.ORG Gray Water Recycling Monitoring gray water Specific gravity Temperature Age Plumbing back1 Recycled Wash Water Crushed Returned Concrete National Concrete Consortium March 2012 Colin Lobo

144

Wash your hands. water and soap.  

E-print Network

STEP 1 Wash your hands. · Use warm water and soap. · Scrub hands and fingernails for at least 20 seconds. · Dry hands with a clean cloth or paper towel. STEP 2 Make sure bottles and nipples are clean should be lukewarm. · Place some drops of formula on the back of the hand to check the temperature

145

Prototype wash water renovation system integration with government-furnished wash fixture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The requirements of a significant quantity of proposed life sciences experiments in Shuttle payloads for available wash water to support cleansing operations has provided the incentive to develop a technique for wash water renovation. A prototype wash water waste renovation system which has the capability to process the waste water and return it to a state adequate for reuse in a typical cleansing fixture designed to support life science experiments was investigated. The resulting technology is to support other developments efforts pertaining to water reclamation by serving as a pretreatment step for subsequent reclamation procedures.

1984-01-01

146

Fuzzy control for platoons of smart cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

An additive fuzzy system can control the throttle of cars in single lane platoons. The system used fuzzy controllers for velocity control and gap control. Fuzzy controllers create, maintain, and divide platoons on the highway. Each car's controller uses data from its car and the car in front of it. Cars drop back during platoon maneuvers to avoid the “slinky

Julie Dickerson; Hyun Mun Kim; Bart Kosko

1994-01-01

147

The behavior of silver nanotextiles during washing.  

PubMed

The widespread use of silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) in commercial products, especially textiles, will likely result in an unknown spread of Ag into the environment. The quantification and characterization of the Ag released from nano-Ag-products is an important parameter needed to predict the effect of Ag-NPs on the environment. The aim of this study was to determine the amount and the form of Ag released during washing from nine fabrics with different ways of silver incorporation into or onto the fibers. The effect of pH, surfactants, and oxidizing agents was evaluated. The results show that little dissolution of Ag-NPs occurs under conditions relevant to washing (pH 10) with dissolved concentrations 10 times lower than at pH 7. However, bleaching agents such as hydrogen peroxide or peracetic acid (formed by the perborate/TAED system) can greatly accelerate the dissolution of Ag. The amount and form of Ag released from the fabrics as ionic and particulate Ag depended on the type of Ag-incorporation into the textile. The percentage of the total silver emitted during one washing of the textiles varied considerably among products (from less than 1 to 45%). In the washing machine the majority of the Ag (at least 50% but mostly >75%) was released in the size fraction >450 nm, indicating the dominant role of mechanical stress. A conventional silver textile did not show any significant difference in the size distribution of the released silver compared to many of the textiles containing nano-Ag. These results have important implications for the risk assessment of Ag-textiles and also for environmental fate studies of nano-Ag, because they show that under conditions relevant to washing, primarily coarse Ag-containing particles are released. PMID:19924931

Geranio, L; Heuberger, M; Nowack, B

2009-11-01

148

Car Crashes Without Cars: Research in Technology use and the  

E-print Network

@northwestern.edu@ #12; How can we design technologies and organizations to improve How can we design technologies Technology Average Number of Frames to which PE in Car Group Average Number of Frames to which PE in Truck Groupto which PE in Car Group Exposed to which PE in Truck Group Exposed "Efficiency" Frames 13.01 3

Grzybowski, Bartosz A.

149

54. VAL COUNTERWEIGHT CAR DURING CONSTRUCTION SHOWING CAR FRAME, WHEEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

54. VAL COUNTERWEIGHT CAR DURING CONSTRUCTION SHOWING CAR FRAME, WHEEL ASSEMBLIES AND METAL REINFORCING, December 19, 1947. (Original photograph in possession of Dave Willis, San Diego, California.) - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Variable Angle Launcher, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

150

Bussysteme IIII CarRing II ereits heute sind 90 Prozent al-  

E-print Network

Bussysteme IIII CarRing II B ereits heute sind 90 Prozent al- ler Innovationen im Auto mit dem Rahmen dieses Projekts mit der Entwicklung eines neuen Netzwerks fĂĽr das Automobil beauftragt: ,,CarRing- reitstellen soll. Die Anforderungen an CarRing II sind mit denen von FlexRay vergleich- bar. Allerdings ist

Zachmann, Gabriel

151

Car/Non-Car Classification in an Informative Sample Subspace Jianzhong Fang and Guoping Qiu  

E-print Network

Car/Non-Car Classification in an Informative Sample Subspace Jianzhong Fang and Guoping Qiu School present a method for data classification with application to car/non-car objects. We first developed a sample based car/non-car maximal mutual information low dimensional subspace. We then trained a support

Aickelin, Uwe

152

Integrationstest In-Car-Telematiksystemen  

E-print Network

revelant. Many comfort functions are realized by in-car telematics systems. The telematics systems, the integration test of in-car telematics systems is analyzed. The core points of the consideration are the development of a flexible strategy for the integration of telematics components and the test case

Weske, Mathias

153

Bump Around automated bumper car  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Bump Around” is a project intended to stimulate and entertain children with disabilities by putting them into motion. The bumper car is designed to meet the needs of one individual, but is intended to be versatile enough to accommodate a broad range of children. The bumper car makes life more enjoyable for the underprivileged children that use them. Safety features

D. Martins; M. DaSilva; W. Pruehsner; J. D. Enderle

2001-01-01

154

Comparison of reactive oxygen species in neat and washed semen of infertile men  

PubMed Central

Background: Male are involved in near 50% of cases of infertility and reactive oxygen species (ROS) playing an important role in decreasing fertility potential. Accurate measurement of ROS seems to be important in evaluation of infertile male patients. Objective: To compare ROS measurement in neat and washed semen samples of infertile men and define the best method for evaluation of ROS in these patients. Materials and Methods: We measured the level of ROS in semen samples of thirty five non-azoospermic men with infertility. The semen samples were divided into two parts and the semen parameters and ROS levels in neat and washed samples were evaluated. We also evaluated the presence of pyospermia using peroxidase test. Results: The differences regarding sperm count and quick motility were significant in neat and washed semen samples. The mean ROS level was significantly higher in neat samples compared with washed spermatozoa (7.50 RLU vs. 1.20 RLU respectively). Difference in ROS levels was more significant in patients with pyospermia compared to whom with no pyospermia (378.67 RLU vs. 9.48 RLU respectively). Conclusion: Our study confirmed that neat or unprocessed samples are better index of normal oxidative status of semen samples. Because we do not artificially add or remove factors that may play an important role in oxidative equilibrium status. PMID:25031573

Moein, Mohammad Reza; Vahidi, Serajedin; Ghasemzadeh, Jalal; Tabibnejad, Nasim

2014-01-01

155

Comparison of the Laboratory Standard Washing Using CIPAC Washing Agent and the Domestic Washing on Three Recommended Types of Long-Lasting Insecticidal Mosquito Nets  

PubMed Central

Background One of the best ways to prevent malaria is the use of insecticide-treated bed nets. Manufacturers pursue easier, safer and more efficient nets. Hence, many studies on the efficacy and wash resistance using World Health Organization standards have been reported. The commonly used detergent is “Savon de Marseille”, because it closely resembles actually used soaps. At the 54th Collaborative International Pesticides Analytical Council (CIPAC) Technical Meeting in 2010, it was suggested to replace it by a standardized “CIPAC washing agent”. The aim of this study was to investigate the difference between a laboratory hand washing simulation using the CIPAC washing agent (method-1) and a domestic washing (method-2) on different bed nets, as well as the effect of the drying process on the release of active ingredient. Methods Interceptor®, Permanet®2.0 and Netprotect® nets were used in three treatments, each repeated 20 times. The first treatment included method-1 washing and indoor drying. The second treatment included method-2 washing and indoor drying. The third treatment used method-2 washing and UV-drying. The residual insecticide contents were determined using gas chromatography. Results The washing procedure and the number of washes have a significant effect on the release of active ingredient. Statistically, the two washing methods have the same effect on removing the active ingredient from the Interceptor® and Permanet®2.0 net, but a significantly different influence on the Netprotect® nets. The drying process has no significant effect on the insecticide. Conclusion Both washing procedures affected the amount of insecticide remaining on nets independently of the impregnation technology. The active ingredient decreases with the number of washing cycles following an exponential or logarithmic model for coated nets. The laboratory hand washing simulation had more impact on the decrease of active ingredient content of the Netprotect® nets. All net types seemed to be effectively protected against UV-light. PMID:24130671

Ouattara, Jean Pierre Nableni; Louwagie, Johanna; Pigeon, Olivier; Spanoghe, Pieter

2013-01-01

156

49 CFR 174.615 - Cleaning cars.  

...TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS CARRIAGE BY RAIL Detailed Requirements for Division 6.1 (Poisonous) Materials...After Division 6.1 (poisonous) materials are unloaded from a rail car, that car must be thoroughly cleaned unless the car...

2014-10-01

157

February 2000 Car Ownership, Employment, and Earnings  

E-print Network

February 2000 Car Ownership, Employment, and Earnings Steven Raphael Goldman School of Public effects of car ownership on employment outcomes observed in past research are causal. We match state-level data on average car insurance premiumsandaverageper-gallongas taxes

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

158

49 CFR 215.203 - Restricted cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Restricted cars. 215.203 Section 215.203 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Restricted Equipment § 215.203 Restricted cars. (a) This section restricts the...

2011-10-01

159

49 CFR 215.203 - Restricted cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Restricted cars. 215.203 Section 215.203 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Restricted Equipment § 215.203 Restricted cars. (a) This section restricts the...

2012-10-01

160

49 CFR 215.203 - Restricted cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Restricted cars. 215.203 Section 215.203 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Restricted Equipment § 215.203 Restricted cars. (a) This section restricts the...

2010-10-01

161

49 CFR 215.203 - Restricted cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Restricted cars. 215.203 Section 215.203 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Restricted Equipment § 215.203 Restricted cars. (a) This section restricts the...

2013-10-01

162

Radionuclide content of Las Vegas wash sediments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Las Vegas Wash is an excavated waterway channel which drains all surface water and effluent discharge from sewage-treatment facilities from the greater Las Vegas Metropolitan Area to Lake Mead. Runoff and erosion processes are expected to transport man-made radioactivity that was deposited over the past several decades in the Las Vegas Valley. Additionally, radionuclides disposed of via the city`s

M. J. Rudin; A. M. Meyers; W. H. Johnson

1996-01-01

163

49 CFR 393.78 - Windshield wiping and washing systems.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Windshield wiping and washing systems. 393.78 Section 393.78 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to...SAFE OPERATION Miscellaneous Parts and Accessories § 393.78 Windshield wiping and washing systems....

2010-10-01

164

30 CFR 206.459 - Allocation of washed coal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 206.459 Section 206.459 Mineral Resources...REVENUE MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Coal § 206.459 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to...

2010-07-01

165

30 CFR 1206.459 - Allocation of washed coal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 1206.459 Section 1206.459 Mineral...Resources Revenue PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Coal § 1206.459 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to...

2011-07-01

166

30 CFR 1206.459 - Allocation of washed coal.  

...2014-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 1206.459 Section 1206.459 Mineral...RESOURCES REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Coal § 1206.459 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to...

2014-07-01

167

30 CFR 1206.260 - Allocation of washed coal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 1206.260 Section 1206.260 Mineral...RESOURCES REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Coal § 1206.260 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to...

2013-07-01

168

30 CFR 1206.260 - Allocation of washed coal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 1206.260 Section 1206.260 Mineral...RESOURCES REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Coal § 1206.260 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to...

2012-07-01

169

30 CFR 1206.260 - Allocation of washed coal.  

...2014-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 1206.260 Section 1206.260 Mineral...RESOURCES REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Coal § 1206.260 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to...

2014-07-01

170

30 CFR 1206.459 - Allocation of washed coal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 1206.459 Section 1206.459 Mineral...RESOURCES REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Coal § 1206.459 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to...

2012-07-01

171

30 CFR 1206.260 - Allocation of washed coal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 1206.260 Section 1206.260 Mineral...Resources Revenue PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Coal § 1206.260 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to...

2011-07-01

172

30 CFR 1206.459 - Allocation of washed coal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 1206.459 Section 1206.459 Mineral...RESOURCES REVENUE PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Coal § 1206.459 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to...

2013-07-01

173

30 CFR 206.260 - Allocation of washed coal.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 206.260 Section 206.260 Mineral Resources...REVENUE MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Coal § 206.260 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to...

2010-07-01

174

Nitrogen and Phosphorus Hydrochemistry in Las Vegas Wash.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The sources of nitrogen and phosphorus nutrient species, the chemical reactions occurring, and the parameters of nutrient uptake were studied for the Las Vegas Wash hydrologic system. Las Vegas Wash, a natural drainage channel running from Las Vegas Valle...

A. Schmidt, J. W. Hess

1980-01-01

175

6. GENE WASH DAM, LOOKING NORTHWEST. SURVEY REFLECTOR IN FOREGROUND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. GENE WASH DAM, LOOKING NORTHWEST. SURVEY REFLECTOR IN FOREGROUND FOR MONITORING MOVEMENT OF DAM AND EARTH. - Gene Wash Reservoir & Dam, 2 miles west of Parker Dam, Parker Dam, San Bernardino County, CA

176

30 CFR 206.458 - Determination of washing allowances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...estimates of the allowable coal washing costs for the applicable...recently available operations data for the plant, or if such data are not available, the lessee...estimates based upon industry data for similar coal wash plants. (v)...

2010-07-01

177

Hospital Workers Wash Hands Less At End of Shift  

MedlinePLUS

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Hospital Workers Wash Hands Less at End of Shift, Study Finds New ... HealthDay News) -- Health workers in hospitals wash their hands less often as they near the end of ...

178

4. AERIAL VIEW OF GENE WASH RESERVOIR AND GENE CAMP ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. AERIAL VIEW OF GENE WASH RESERVOIR AND GENE CAMP LOOKING SOUTHWEST. DAM AND SPILLWAY VISIBLE IN BOTTOM OF PHOTO. - Gene Wash Reservoir & Dam, 2 miles west of Parker Dam, Parker Dam, San Bernardino County, CA

179

Safety upgrades plug car leaks  

SciTech Connect

To lessen the chance of a chemical leak occurring during rail transport, some companies are improving tank car sturdiness and safety by adding such features as top-loading valves, on-board monitoring devices, and thicker, more impact-resistant hulls. Results include a dramatic drop in the number of rail incidents and leak tank cars. Chemicals Division of Olin Corporation (Stamford, Connecticut) has assigned its name to a new fleet of chlorine, caustic soda and toluene diisocyanate (TDI) tank cars. Each car carries the company's Care[trademark]Car registered trademark. The upgrade is part of a company-wide quality improvement process started in 1986. The company requires acoustic emissions (AE) testing on all hazardous materials tank cars. If an area has a defect, it expands and makes a slight sound when subjected to stress. In an AE test, cars are subject to simulated bumps and jolts as in rail shipment. Electronic sensors transfer any stress noises onto a computer screen, where an operator can pinpoint the trouble source.

Not Available

1993-08-01

180

EPA'S MOBILE VOLUME REDUCTION UNIT FOR SOIL WASHING  

EPA Science Inventory

This paper discusses the design and initial operation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency'S (EPA) Mobile Volume Reduction Unit (VRU) for soil washing. oil washing removes contaminants from soils by dissolving or suspending them in the wash solutions (which can be later tr...

181

30 CFR 206.259 - Determination of washing allowances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...estimates of the allowable coal washing costs for the...recently available operations data for the washing system...lessee shall submit all data used to prepare the allowance deduction. The data shall be provided within... (1) If the actual coal washing allowance...

2010-07-01

182

Why Do I Need to Wash My Hands?  

MedlinePLUS

... Society Why Do I Need to Wash My Hands? KidsHealth > Kids > Q&A > Q & A > Why Do I Need to Wash My Hands? Print A A A Text Size "Did you wash your hands?" How many times did you hear that today? ...

183

The 18th Annual IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications (PIMRC'07) FIRST RESULTS FROM CAR-TO-CAR AND CAR-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE  

E-print Network

(PIMRC'07) FIRST RESULTS FROM CAR-TO-CAR AND CAR-TO-INFRASTRUCTURE RADIO CHANNEL MEASUREMENTS AT 5.2 GHZ apaier@nt.tuwien.ac.at ABSTRACT Car-to-car and car-to-infrastructure (henceforth called C2X cor- responding to the relative speed of the cars, and very concen- trated (in the Doppler domain

Zemen, Thomas

184

Remediation of cadmium-contaminated paddy soils by washing with chemicals: Effect of soil washing on cadmium uptake by soybean  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a pot experiment to evaluate the effect of soil washing with CaCl2 on Cd absorption by two soybean cultivars. The results were as follows: (1) Soybean growth was not significantly different in washed and unwashed soils, but the seed Cd concentration for both cultivars decreased significantly, up to 25%, in the washed soils compared with the unwashed soils.

Yuji Maejima; Tomoyuki Makino; Hiroyuki Takano; Takashi Kamiya; Naoki Sekiya; Tadashi Itou

2007-01-01

185

["Moon-cars" are dangerous].  

PubMed

We investigated the number and seriousness of moon-car accidents in our region (a moon-car is a toy-vehicle, see Fig. 1). The study was retrospective combined with a telephone-interview. Forty-seven patients were seen in the emergency room after a moon-car accident in the period 1/1 1990-31/12 95. There were 12 fractures, including five fractures of the tibial shaft and one supracondylar humeral fracture which was operated. There were 17 wounds, 14 of which were sutured. Seventeen patients had distorsions/contusions, three cases of head contusions (observed for concussion) and two with teeth damages. We found that the number of moon-car accidents is increasing (13 patients the last year), and that the accidents are not only minor. New rules in day care centres should be able to especially limit the number of more serious accidents. PMID:9599554

Herold, N; Knudsen, L M; Rřck, N D

1998-04-27

186

Getting More Mileage out of Mousetrap Cars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building and racing mousetrap cars is a common activity in many eighth- and ninth-grade physical science classrooms. However, once students have raced their cars, most mousetrap assignments come to an end. In this article, the authors developed a project to help teachers get more mileage out of mousetrap cars. The Mousetrap Car Project addresses…

Rutherford, Sandra; Wylo, Bonnie

2004-01-01

187

49 CFR 174.615 - Cleaning cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cleaning cars. 174.615 Section 174.615 Transportation...Poisonous) Materials § 174.615 Cleaning cars. (a) [Reserved] (b) After...poisonous) materials are unloaded from a rail car, that car must be thoroughly cleaned...

2010-10-01

188

Standard structures For roadside, car parks,  

E-print Network

Standard structures For roadside, car parks, visitor information, wayfinding & waymarking Forestry visitor centres. Suitable locations At road entrance to car park/driveway Symbols Up to 5 symbols is for Entrances to medium-sized car parks Suitable locations At road entrance to car park Symbols Up to 3 symbols

189

CARS thermometry in high temperature gradients  

Microsoft Academic Search

CARS is an effective non-intrusive technique for measuring gas temperature in combustion environments. In regions of high temperature gradient, however, the CARS signal is complicated by contributions from gas at different temperature. This paper examines theoretically the uncertainty associated with CARS thermometry in steep temperature gradients. In addition, the work compares the temperature predicted from CARS with the adiabatic mixed

J. Y. Zhu; D. Dunn-Rankin

1993-01-01

190

Coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS)  

E-print Network

Coherent anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) For the study of biofilms Alexander Mc Vey1, Nils.f.mcvey@ed.ac.uk Polystyrene beads of diameter 2µm as imaged by the CARS system at COSMIC, The University of Edinburgh #12;Introduction Outline of CARS CARS set-up Results ­ Pushing the limits Results ­ Imaging E. coli Where do we go

Greenaway, Alan

191

Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation  

E-print Network

Advanced Clean Cars Zero Emission Vehicle Regulation ZEV #12;Advanced Clean Cars ZEV Program.4% of Annual Sales in 2025 Projected: ZEVs #12;Advanced Clean Cars Hydrogen Infrastructure · Without infrastructure, the cars won't come · Complementary Policies to support ZEV regulation ­ Clean Fuels Outlet

California at Davis, University of

192

Art Cars: Transformations of the Mundane  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The automobile itself is often understood as an extension of oneself, where individuals may manipulate the interior and exterior of cars and trucks, decorating them through detailing, stickers, custom colors, and so on. Others go further and change their cars into unique works of art called art cars. Such cars break away from the banality of mass…

Stienecker, Dawn

2010-01-01

193

How to Find the Right Car Seat  

MedlinePLUS

How to Find the Right Car Seat NHTSA knows it’s not an easy task to find the right car seat. After all, there are several types of ... child remains safe. Step 1 -> Find the right car seat based on: Car Seat Types Age & Size ...

194

TANK 4 CHARACTERIZATION, SETTLING, AND WASHING STUDIES  

SciTech Connect

A sample of PUREX sludge from Tank 4 was characterized, and subsequently combined with a Tank 51 sample (Tank 51-E1) received following Al dissolution, but prior to a supernate decant by the Tank Farm, to perform a settling and washing study to support Sludge Batch 6 preparation. The sludge source for the majority of the Tank 51-E1 sample is Tank 12 HM sludge. The Tank 51-E1 sample was decanted by SRNL prior to use in the settling and washing study. The Tank 4 sample was analyzed for chemical composition including noble metals. The characterization of the Tank 51-E1 sample, used here in combination with the Tank 4 sample, was reported previously. SRNL analyses on Tank 4 were requested by Liquid Waste Engineering (LWE) via Technical Task Request (TTR) HLE-TTR-2009-103. The sample preparation work is governed by Task Technical and Quality Assurance Plan (TTQAP), and analyses were controlled by an Analytical Study Plan and modifications received via customer communications. Additional scope included a request for a settling study of decanted Tank 51-E1 and a blend of decanted Tank 51-E1 and Tank 4, as well as a washing study to look into the fate of undissolved sulfur observed during the Tank 4 characterization. The chemistry of the Tank 4 sample was modeled with OLI Systems, Inc. StreamAnalyzer to determine the likelihood that sulfate could exist in this sample as insoluble Burkeite (2Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4} {center_dot} Na{sub 2}CO{sub 3}). The OLI model was also used to predict the composition of the blended tank materials for the washing study. The following conclusions were drawn from the Tank 4 analytical results reported here: (1) Any projected blend of Tank 4 and the current Tank 51 contents will produce a SB6 composition that is lower in Ca and U than the current SB5 composition being processed by DWPF. (2) Unwashed Tank 4 has a relatively large initial S concentration of 3.68 wt% on a total solids basis, and approximately 10% of the total S is present as an insoluble or undissolved form. (3) There is 19% more S than can be accounted for by IC sulfate measurement. This additional soluble S is detected by ICP-AES analysis of the supernate. (4) Total supernate and slurry sulfur by ICP-AES should be monitored during washing in addition to supernate sulfate in order to avoid under estimating the amount of sulfur species removed or remaining in the supernate. (5) OLI simulation calculations show that the presence of undissolved Burkeite in the Tank 4 sample is reasonable, assuming a small difference in the Na concentration that is well within the analytical uncertainties of the reported value. The following conclusions were drawn from the blend studies of Tank 4 and decanted Tank 51-E1: (1) The addition of Tank 4 slurry to a decanted Tank 51-E1 sample significantly improved the degree and time for settling. (2) The addition of Tank 4 slurry to a decanted Tank 51-E1 sample significantly improved the plastic viscosity and yield stress. (3) The SRNL washing test, where nearly all of the wash solution was decanted from the solids, indicates that approximately 96% or more of the total S was removed from the blend in these tests, and the removal of the sulfur tracks closely with that of Na. Insoluble (undissolved) S remaining in the washed sludge was calculated from an estimate of the final slurry liquid fraction, the S result in the slurry digestion, and the S in the final decant (which was very close to the method detection limit). Based on this calculated result, about 4% of the initial total S remained after these washes; this amount is equivalent to about 18% of the initially undissolved S.

Bannochie, C.; Pareizs, J.; Click, D.; Zamecnik, J.

2009-09-29

195

Opposing regulation of cytochrome P450 expression by CAR and PXR in hypothyroid mice  

SciTech Connect

Clinical hypothyroidism affects various metabolic processes including drug metabolism. CYP2B and CYP3A are important cytochrome P450 drug metabolizing enzymes that are regulated by the xenobiotic receptors constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) and pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2). We evaluated the regulation of the hepatic expression of CYPs by CAR and PXR in the hypothyroid state induced by a low-iodine diet containing 0.15% propylthiouracil. Expression of Cyp3a11 was suppressed in hypothyroid C57BL/6 wild type (WT) mice and a further decrement was observed in hypothyroid CAR{sup ?/?} mice, but not in hypothyroid PXR{sup ?/?} mice. In contrast, expression of Cyp2b10 was induced in both WT and PXR{sup ?/?} hypothyroid mice, and this induction was abolished in CAR{sup ?/?} mice and in and CAR{sup ?/?} PXR{sup ?/?} double knockouts. CAR mRNA expression was increased by hypothyroidism, while PXR expression remained unchanged. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a commonly used antiepileptic that is metabolized by CYP3A isoforms. After CBZ treatment of normal chow fed mice, serum CBZ levels were highest in CAR{sup ?/?} mice and lowest in WT and PXR{sup ?/?} mice. Hypothyroid WT or PXR{sup ?/?} mice survived chronic CBZ treatment, but all hypothyroid CAR{sup ?/?} and CAR{sup ?/?} PXR{sup ?/?} mice died, with CAR{sup ?/?}PXR{sup ?/?} mice surviving longer than CAR{sup ?/?} mice (12.3 ± 3.3 days vs. 6.3 ± 2.1 days, p = 0.04). All these findings suggest that hypothyroid status affects xenobiotic metabolism, with opposing responses of CAR and PXR and their CYP targets that can cancel each other out, decreasing serious metabolic derangement in response to a xenobiotic challenge. -- Highlights: ? Hypothyroid status activates CAR in mice and induces Cyp2b10 expression. ? Hypothyroid status suppresses PXR activity in mice and represses Cyp3a11 expression. ? These responses balance each other out in normal mice. ? Hypothyroidism sensitizes CAR null mice to toxic effects of carbamazepine.

Park, Young Joo [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of) [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Eun Kyung [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Yoon Kwang [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States)] [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Park, Do Joon; Jang, Hak Chul [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine (Korea, Republic of); Moore, David D., E-mail: moore@bcm.edu [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030 (United States)

2012-09-01

196

Opposing Regulation of Cytochrome P450 Expression by CAR and PXR in Hypothyroid Mice  

PubMed Central

Clinical hypothyroidism affects various metabolic processes including drug metabolism. CYP2B and CYP3A are important cytochrome P450 drug metabolizing enzymes that are regulated by the xenobiotic receptors constitutive androstane receptor (CAR, NR1I3) and pregnane X receptor (PXR, NR1I2). We evaluated the regulation of the hepatic expression of CYPs by CAR and PXR in the hypothyroid state induced by a low-iodine diet containing 0.15% propylthiouracil. Expression of Cyp3a11 was suppressed in hypothyroid C57BL/6 wild type (WT) mice and a further decrement was observed in hypothyroid CAR-/- mice, but not in hypothyroid PXR-/- mice. In contrast, expression of Cyp2b10 was induced in both WT and PXR-/- hypothyroid mice, and this induction was abolished in CAR-/- mice and in and CAR-/- PXR-/- double knockouts. CAR mRNA expression was increased by hypothyroidism, while PXR expression remained unchanged. Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a commonly used antiepileptic that is metabolized by CYP3A isoforms. After CBZ treatment of normal chow fed mice, serum CBZ levels were highest in CAR-/- mice and lowest in WT and PXR-/- mice. Hypothyroid WT or PXR-/- mice survived chronic CBZ treatment, but all hypothyroid CAR-/- and CAR-/- PXR-/- mice died, with CAR-/-PXR-/- mice surviving longer than CAR-/- mice (12.3 ±3.3 days vs. 6.3 ±2.1 days, p=0.04). All these findings suggest that hypothyroid status affects xenobiotic metabolism, with opposing responses of CAR and PXR and their CYP targets that can cancel each other out, decreasing serious metabolic derangement in response to a xenobiotic challenge. PMID:22503787

Park, Young Joo; Lee, Eun Kyung; Lee, Yoon Kwang; Park, Do Joon; Jang, Hak Chul; Moore, David D.

2012-01-01

197

Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System  

E-print Network

Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System Criteria for Car Parking Allocation System 2014-15 Criteria for Car Parking All #12;The issue and control of car parking permits is vested in Estates Services. The annual charges are incorporated in the application form. The car parking charges will be deducted from

Mottram, Nigel

198

Advanced Infant Car Seat Would Increase Highway Safety  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An advanced infant car seat has been proposed to increase highway safety by reducing the incidence of crying, fussy behavior, and other child-related distractions that divert an adult driver s attention from driving. In addition to a conventional infant car seat with safety restraints, the proposed advanced infant car seat would include a number of components and subsystems that would function together as a comprehensive infant-care system that would keep its occupant safe, comfortable, and entertained, and would enable the driver to monitor the baby without having to either stop the car or turn around to face the infant during driving. The system would include a vibrator with bulb switch to operate; the switch would double as a squeeze toy that would make its own specific sound. A music subsystem would include loudspeakers built into the seat plus digital and analog circuitry that would utilize plug-in memory modules to synthesize music or a variety of other sounds. The music subsystem would include a built-in sound generator that could synthesize white noise or a human heartbeat to calm the baby to sleep. A second bulb switch could be used to control the music subsystem and would double as a squeeze toy that would make a distinct sound. An anti-noise sound-suppression system would isolate the baby from potentially disturbing ambient external noises. This subsystem would include small microphones, placed near the baby s ears, to detect ambient noise. The outputs of the microphone would be amplified and fed to the loudspeakers at appropriate amplitude and in a phase opposite that of the detected ambient noise, such that the net ambient sound arriving at the baby s ears would be almost completely cancelled. A video-camera subsystem would enable the driver to monitor the baby visually while continuing to face forward. One or more portable miniature video cameras could be embedded in the side of the infant car seat (see figure) or in a flip-down handle. The outputs of the video cameras would be transmitted by radio or infrared to a portable, miniature receiver/video monitor unit that would be attached to the dashboard of the car. The video-camera subsystem can also be used within transmission/reception range when the seat was removed from the car. The system would include a biotelemetric and tracking subsystem, which would include a Global Positioning System receiver for measuring its location. This subsystem would transmit the location of the infant car seat (even if the seat were not in a car) along with such biometric data as the baby s heart rate, perspiration rate, urinary status, temperature, and rate of breathing. Upon detecting any anomalies in the biometric data, this subsystem would send a warning to a paging device installed in the car or carried by the driver, so that the driver could pull the car off the road to attend to the baby. A motion detector in this subsystem would send a warning if the infant car seat were to be moved or otherwise disturbed unexpectedly while the infant was seated in it: this warning function, in combination with the position- tracking function, could help in finding a baby who had been kidnapped with the seat. Removable rechargeable batteries would enable uninterrupted functioning of all parts of the system while transporting the baby to and from the car. The batteries could be recharged via the cigarette-lighter outlet in the car or by use of an external AC-powered charger.

Dabney, Richard; Elrod, Susan

2004-01-01

199

Comparative alkali washing of simulated radioactive sludge  

SciTech Connect

The treatment of large volumes of radioactive sludge generated from uranium and plutonium recovery processes is a pressing problem in the environmental restoration currently planned at various U.S. Department of Energy sites. This sludge, commonly stored in underground tanks, is mainly in the form of metal oxides or precipitated metal hydroxides and the bulk of this material is nonradioactive. One method being developed to pretreat this waste takes advantage of the amphoteric character of aluminum and other nonradioactive elements. Previous studies have reported on the dissolution of eleven elements from simulated sludge using NaOH solutions up to 6M. This work provides a comparative study using KOH. The effectiveness of the alkali washing as a treatment method to reduce the bulk of radioactive sludge requiring long term isolation will be discussed.

Fugate, G.A.; Ensor, D.D. [Tennessee Technological Univ., Cookeville, TN (United States); Egan, B.Z. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1996-10-01

200

Accuracy of three polyvinyl siloxane putty-wash impression techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statement of problem. There is much discussion in the dental literature concerning the effect of the impression technique on the accuracy of cast restorations.Purpose. This study assessed the accuracy of 3 putty-wash impression techniques using the same impression material (polyvinyl siloxane) in a laboratory model.Material and methods. The 3 putty-wash impression techniques used were (1) 1-step (putty and wash impression

Joseph Nissan; Ben-Zion Laufer; Tamar Brosh; David Assif

2000-01-01

201

Treatment of recycled carrot washing water.  

PubMed

Large volumes of effluents and solid waste derive from industrial fresh packing and processing of carrots. Due to high organic loads and suspended solids and due to insufficient wastewater treatment, surface waters are polluted by effluents of carrot washing, as shown for one enterprise in Germany. Over a period of four months the water quality was studied at the stages of a treatment system consisting of a grit chamber, a settling tank combined with aeration devices and a constructed wetland. Organic pollutants were measured as COD and BOD5 in different fractions of the wastewater. The daily washing of carrots produces up to 300 m3 wastewater with a mean filterable solids content of 453 mg l(-1) and a mean COD concentration of 179 mg l(-1). On average the current efficiency of total COD reduction is 52%. Due to the fine grain size and the low density of suspended solids, settling is very slow and incomplete, primarily during the winter. As much as 29 mg COD l(-1) in the effluent derive from the fraction of particles which do not settle within 18 hours. The dissolved COD fraction accounts for 30 mg l(-1) and reflects the insufficient oxygenation of the wastewater. Strategies for enhancing the removal of organic compounds can be derived from the results of this study. Spatial separation of settling and aeration processes is recommended to optimise the treatment process. Furthermore, the area of the constructed wetland should be increased to maintain its hydraulic conductivity and to guarantee a high COD reduction. PMID:16583829

Kern, J; Reimann, W; Schlüter, O

2006-04-01

202

Factors affecting the bacteriological contamination of commercial washing machines.  

PubMed

Wash water from self-service washing machines in three commercial launderettes of Bologna (Italy) were examined to verify which factors affect their bacterial contamination and to determine which procedures in the laundering process have the most significant effects on the removal of bacteria. Four washing formulas were compared: a delicates cycle (programmed temperature 25-30 degrees C; actual temperature: 28-31 degrees C); a whites cycle (programmed temperature: 80-90 degrees C; actual temperature: 50-57.5 degrees C); a delicates cycle with the addition of an oxygen-based bleach safe for delicate fabrics and a whites cycle with the addition of an oxygen-based bleach. Bacterial contamination of washing machines was higher in the launderette most heavely used, and, furthermore, it was in relation with the washing temperature and the use of bleaches. The low temperature laundering cycle (20-30 degrees C) did not guarantee elimination of bacterial content from either the inside of the washing machine or from the fabric being washed. Washing with water at a higher temperature, of about 55 degrees C, or adding an oxygen-based bleach to the low temperature cycle did ensure a significant reduction in bacterial recovery from water samples and fabrics, but did not prevent bacteria such as P. aeruginosa from surviving inside the washing machine. Only the addition of bleaches to the hot water program ensured the almost total elimination of bacteria and also guaranteed their elimination from protected parts of the drum. PMID:9638885

Legnani, P P; Leoni, E

1997-10-01

203

Femtosecond CARS on organic molecules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum coherence dynamics on vibrational transitions in organic molecules is studied by means of femtosecond Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering (CARS) technique. CARS signal profiles for high-frequency Raman transitions in methanol and ethanol, as representative simple organic substances, are obtained. The detailed, good-visibility profiles, spanning six decades in signal magnitude, show clear low-frequency oscillations, attributed to quantum beats, and make it possible to extract decoherence time constants. Non-trivial dependence of these constants on methanol/ethanol concentration in water solution is observed. Coherent response from a saturated solution of dipicolinic acid, which has much more complex molecular structure, is also demonstrated.

Pestov, Dmitry

2005-03-01

204

Coke quench car emission control system  

SciTech Connect

A coke quench car emission control system includes a coke car and a filter car connected in tandem for joint movement on rails disposed adjacent a coke oven. A hood and recuperator are mounted on a third car disposed on auxiliary rails which extend longitudinally along the upper portions of both the quench car and the filter car and in end-wise alignment. The hood is adapted to be coupled to the coke oven for receiving coke during a pushing operation. The recuperation has an inlet coupled to the hood for receiving emissions and withdrawing heat therefrom. The recuperator also has an outlet which is disposed adjacent the inlet of a filter system mounted on the filter car, when the third car is positioned atop the quench car. The third car is sized so that it can be moved on the auxiliary rails from a position atop the quench car to a position atop the filter car whereby the quench car can be exposed for a quenching operation.

Baum, J.P.

1983-07-19

205

Prototype wash water renovation system integration with goverment-furnished wash fixture  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A total renovation concept for removing objectionable materials from spacecraft wash water to make the water reusable was developed. This concept included ferric chloride pretreatment to coagulate suspended solids such as soap and lint, pressure filtration, and carbon adsorption and ion exchange to remove trace dissolved organics and inorganic salts. A breadboard model which was developed to demonstrate the design adequacy of the various system components and the limits on system capacities and efficiencies.

1983-01-01

206

Toddlers' categorization of typical and scrambled dolls and cars.  

PubMed

Previous research has demonstrated discrimination of scrambled from typical human body shapes at 15-18 months of age [Slaughter, V., & Heron, M. (2004). Origins and early development of human body knowledge. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 69]. In the current study 18-, 24- and 30-month-old infants were presented with four typical and four scrambled dolls in a sequential touching procedure, to assess the development of explicit categorization of human body shapes. Infants were also presented with typical and scrambled cars, allowing comparison of infants' categorization of scrambled and typical exemplars in a different domain. Spontaneous comments regarding category membership were recorded. Girls categorized dolls and cars as typical or scrambled at 30 months, whereas boys only categorized the cars. Earliest categorization was for typical and scrambled cars, at 24 months, but only for boys. Language-based knowledge, coded from infants' comments, followed the same pattern. This suggests that human body knowledge does not have privileged status in infancy. Gender differences in performance are discussed. PMID:18280572

Heron, Michelle; Slaughter, Virginia

2008-09-01

207

Sludge pretreatment chemistry evaluation: Enhanced sludge washing separation factors  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the work conducted in Fiscal Year 1994 by the Sludge Pretreatment Chemistry Evaluation Subtask for the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Tank Waste Treatment Science Task. The main purpose of this task, is to provide the technical basis and scientific understanding to support TWRS baseline decisions and actions, such as the development of an enhanced sludge washing process to reduce the volume of waste that will require high-level waste (HLW) vitrification. One objective within the Sludge Pretreatment Chemistry Evaluation Subtask was to establish wash factors for various SST (single-shell tank) sludges. First, analytical data were compiled from existing tank waste characterization reports. These data were summarized on tank-specific worksheets that provided a uniform format for reviewing and comparing data, as well as the means to verify whether the data set for each tank was complete. Worksheets were completed for 27 SST wastes. The analytical water wash data provided tank-specific information about the fraction of each component that dissolves with water, i.e., an estimate of tank-specific wash factors for evaluating tank-by-tank processing. These wash data were then used collectively to evaluate some of the wash factors that are assumed for the overall SST waste inventory; specifically, wash factors for elements that would be found primarily in sludges. The final step in this study was to incorporate the characterization and wash factor data into a spreadsheet that provides insight into the effect of enhanced sludge washing on individual tank sludges as well as for groups of sludges that may be representative of different waste types. Spreadsheet results include the estimated mass and percentage of each element that would be removed with washing and leaching. Furthermore, estimated compositions are given of the final wash and leach streams and residual solids, in terms of both concentration and dry weight percent.

Colton, N.G.

1995-03-01

208

Solar-powered car. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work reported was to modify a commercially available electric vehicle to use power generated by solar cells. Besides the technical and financial aspects of constructing the car, media publicity and public showings of the car are discussed. (LEW)

Plank

1982-01-01

209

Smokers in Cars Pose Risk to Passengers  

MedlinePLUS

... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Smokers in Cars Pose Risk to Passengers: Study Urine of those ... suggests that non-smoking people who sit in cars with smokers inhale some of the same cancer- ...

210

Solar-powered car. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The work reported was to modify a commercially available electric vehicle to use power generated by solar cells. Besides the technical and financial aspects of constructing the car, media publicity and public showings of the car are discussed. (LEW)

Plank, D.

1982-03-30

211

Frontal collision analysis of City Car  

E-print Network

This experiment tests the proposed crash system of the CityCar. The car is to fold during the crash to help decrease the impact force experienced by the passengers. The experiment was conducted by running a simulation of ...

Neal, Terance (Terance K.)

2009-01-01

212

Health Tip: Installing a Child's Car Seat  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Health Tip: Installing a Child's Car Seat Follow the product's instructions carefully (*this news ... HealthDay News) -- Proper installation of a rear-facing car seat, recommended for all infants and children up ...

213

The car in British society  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report is about the main findings of a recent study funded by the RAC Foundation and carried out by a small group of academics and consultants from different organisations. The main aim of the study was to look at the role played by the car in peoples lives in Great Britain, drawing on a literature review, a fresh analysis

Karen Lucas; Peter Jones

2009-01-01

214

Physics Fun with Toy Cars  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the National Science Education Standards, students should be able to describe an object by its position, direction of motion, and speed (NRC 1996). During a unit on motion, the author decided to use Hot Wheels cars as the object students would describe. The first two activities are used to introduce students to the equipment and the…

Herald, Christine

2010-01-01

215

Friction in a Moving Car  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an out-of-doors, partially unstructured experiment to determine the coefficient of friction for a moving car. Presents the equation which relates the coefficient of friction to initial velocity, distance, and time and gives sample computed values as a function of initial speed and tire pressure. (GS)

Goldberg, Fred M.

1975-01-01

216

Robust control prevents car skidding  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author discusses a system of robust unilateral decoupling of car steering dynamics. Its effect is that the driver has to concern himself much less with disturbance attenuation. The important quick reaction to disturbance torques is done by the automatic feedback system. The yaw dynamics no longer interfere with the path-following task of the driver. The safety advantages have been

J. Ackermann

1997-01-01

217

The Speeding Car Design Challenge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All too often, one reads about high-speed police chases in pursuit of stolen cars that result in death and injury to people and innocent bystanders. Isn't there another way to accomplish the apprehension of the thieves that does not put people at such great risk? This article presents a classroom challenge to use technology to remotely shutdown…

Roman, Harry T.

2009-01-01

218

The City and the Car  

Microsoft Academic Search

The social sciences have generally ignored the motor car and its awesome consequences for social life, especially in their analysis of the urban. Urban studies in particular has failed to consider the overwhelming impact of the automobile in transforming the time-space 'scapes' of the modern urban\\/suburban dweller. Focusing on forms of mobility into, across and through the city, we consider

Mimi Sheller; John Urry

2000-01-01

219

1. VIEW LOOKING WEST AT CHINA WASH FLUME ON MAIN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. VIEW LOOKING WEST AT CHINA WASH FLUME ON MAIN CANAL. - San Carlos Irrigation Project, China Wash Flume, Main (Florence-Case Grande) Canal at Station 137+00, T4S, R10E, S14, Coolidge, Pinal County, AZ

220

2. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST AT CHINA WASH FLUME ON MAIN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST AT CHINA WASH FLUME ON MAIN CANAL - San Carlos Irrigation Project, China Wash Flume, Main (Florence-Case Grande) Canal at Station 137+00, T4S, R10E, S14, Coolidge, Pinal County, AZ

221

Modeling Chromium (VI) Biosorption by Acid Washed Crab Shells  

E-print Network

Modeling Chromium (VI) Biosorption by Acid Washed Crab Shells Catherine Hui Niu Dept. of Chemical.interscience.wiley.com). Keywords: biosorption, adsorption modeling, crab shells, chromate speciation Introduction The removal genetic damage.1 Niu and Volesky2 proposed an acid washed crab (ucides cordatus) shell (AWCS) biosorption

Volesky, Bohumil

222

33 CFR 162.235 - Puget Sound Area, Wash.  

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Puget Sound Area, Wash. 162.235 Section 162...NAVIGATION REGULATIONS § 162.235 Puget Sound Area, Wash. (a) Waterway connecting...one short whistle. Southbound boats shall sound the signal within 600 yards of Port...

2014-07-01

223

What to do About Your Skin Infection Wash your hands  

E-print Network

What to do About Your Skin Infection Wash your hands Shower daily using soap Change into clean with a bandage. If your bandage comes off, throw it away in a plas- tic bag and wash your hands. Tell time or use an antiseptic hand sanitizer. Before eating. After using the toilet. After blowing

224

EPA SITE DEMONSTRATION OF THE BIOTROL SOIL WASHING PROCESS  

EPA Science Inventory

A pilot-scale soil washing process, patented by BioTrol, Inc., was demonstrate on soil contaminated by wood treating waste, primarily pentachlorophenol (PCP) and creosote-derived polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Although soil washing was the main object of this demonstra...

225

Geoarchaeology of the Boca Negra Wash Area, Albuquerque Basin,  

E-print Network

Geoarchaeology of the Boca Negra Wash Area, Albuquerque Basin, New Mexico, USA Vance T. Holliday,1, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 3 Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 Dozens of Paleoindian sites, including the Boca Negra Wash

Holliday, Vance T.

226

2. VIEW OF WASH TANKS Skins are brought in through ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. VIEW OF WASH TANKS Skins are brought in through hatches, seen on rear wall, and washed of blood and flesh in redwood tanks, with wooden grates to hold skins down in water. Superstructure and screening on tanks are a later alteration, unrelated to this process. - Sealing Plant, St. George Island, Pribilof Islands, Saint George, Aleutians West Census Area, AK

227

BLAISDELL SLOW SAND FILTER WASHING MACHINE. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST. PIPING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

BLAISDELL SLOW SAND FILTER WASHING MACHINE. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST. PIPING IN FOREGROUND IS NOT RELATED TO THE MACHINE. THE NORTHEAST CORNER OF SETTLING RESERVOIR NO. 3 IS SEEN AT THE LOWER LEFT. - Yuma Main Street Water Treatment Plant, Blaisdell Slow Sand Filter Washing Machine, Jones Street at foot of Main Street, Yuma, Yuma County, AZ

228

Wash room, bunkhouse, first floor interior. This room is a ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Wash room, bunkhouse, first floor interior. This room is a screened porch with the original sinks extant. Light and ventilation was borrowed from the wash room into the toilets and bathing rooms. - Sespe Ranch, Bunkhouse, 2896 Telegraph Road, Fillmore, Ventura County, CA

229

49 CFR 230.60 - Time of washing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...washing. All boilers shall thoroughly be washed as often as the water conditions require, but not less frequently than at each...arch tube plugs, thermic siphon plugs, circulator plugs and water bar plugs must be removed whenever locomotive boilers are...

2012-10-01

230

49 CFR 230.60 - Time of washing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...washing. All boilers shall thoroughly be washed as often as the water conditions require, but not less frequently than at each...arch tube plugs, thermic siphon plugs, circulator plugs and water bar plugs must be removed whenever locomotive boilers are...

2013-10-01

231

49 CFR 230.60 - Time of washing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...washing. All boilers shall thoroughly be washed as often as the water conditions require, but not less frequently than at each...arch tube plugs, thermic siphon plugs, circulator plugs and water bar plugs must be removed whenever locomotive boilers are...

2011-10-01

232

Reducing the Spread of Infectious Disease Through Hand Washing  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the Centers for Disease Control (2002), hand washing is the simplest, most effective measure for preventing the spread of bacteria, pathogens, and viruses. Recent studies by the American Society for Microbiology (2005) indicate that Americans do not wash their hands after going to the bathroom and before handling or eating food. The study reported here sought to determine

Marcus M. Comer; Mohammad Ibrahim

233

University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy 1.0 Why have a car parking policy?  

E-print Network

space in designated staff parking areas. A permit or voucher does not guarantee a car parking space parking areas. A permit does not guarantee a car parking space. Permits are valid for one yearDocument1 University of Aberdeen Car Parking Policy 1.0 Why have a car parking policy

Pym, David J.

234

Embedded Networking CarRing II: A Real-Time Computer Network as Successor of Flexray?  

E-print Network

Embedded Networking CarRing II: A Real-Time Computer Network as Successor of Flexray? M. Wille This paper presents a proposal how to avoid today's problems in car electronics, mainly controllers, with respect to scalability, usability and effectiveness. Contemporary car controllers lack of common standards

Zachmann, Gabriel

235

On Self-Interested Agents in Vehicular Networks with Car-to-Car Gossiping  

E-print Network

1 On Self-Interested Agents in Vehicular Networks with Car-to-Car Gossiping Sarit Kraus, Raz Lin, and Yuval Shavitt Abstract--As more and more cars are equipped with GPS and Wi-Fi transmitters, it becomes easier to design systems that will allow cars to interact autonomously with each other, e.g., regarding

Kraus, Sarit

236

49 CFR 1247.1 - Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated. 1247.1 Section 1247.1 Transportation...CONTINUED) ACCOUNTS, RECORDS AND REPORTS REPORT OF CARS LOADED AND CARS TERMINATED § 1247.1 Annual...

2012-10-01

237

49 CFR 1247.1 - Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated. 1247.1 Section 1247.1 Transportation...CONTINUED) ACCOUNTS, RECORDS AND REPORTS REPORT OF CARS LOADED AND CARS TERMINATED § 1247.1 Annual...

2011-10-01

238

49 CFR 1247.1 - Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated. 1247.1 Section 1247.1 Transportation...CONTINUED) ACCOUNTS, RECORDS AND REPORTS REPORT OF CARS LOADED AND CARS TERMINATED § 1247.1 Annual...

2013-10-01

239

49 CFR 1247.1 - Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Annual Report of Cars Loaded and Cars Terminated. 1247.1 Section 1247.1 Transportation...CONTINUED) ACCOUNTS, RECORDS AND REPORTS REPORT OF CARS LOADED AND CARS TERMINATED § 1247.1 Annual...

2010-10-01

240

Car-Rec: A Real Time Car Recognition System Daniel Marcus Jang and Matthew Turk  

E-print Network

Car-Rec: A Real Time Car Recognition System Daniel Marcus Jang and Matthew Turk University. The resulting system is applied to the domain of car recognition and achieves accurate (> 90%) and real-time performance when searching databases containing thou- sands of images. 1. Introduction Car recognition

California at Santa Barbara, University of

241

Car Bashing Guidelines Cal State Fullerton student organizations sponsoring a "car bashing" must adhere to  

E-print Network

Car Bashing Guidelines Cal State Fullerton student organizations sponsoring a "car bashing" must these guidelines are not being followed, the University will immediately cancel the event. Car Preparation · Before of the activity. · A tarp or plastic sheeting must be placed under the car to contain residual leaks. · The area

de Lijser, Peter

242

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2013-10-01

243

49 CFR 215.121 - Defective car body.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Defective car body. 215.121 Section 215.121 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Car Bodies § 215.121...

2011-10-01

244

49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

2012-10-01

245

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2011-10-01

246

49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

2011-10-01

247

49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

2010-10-01

248

49 CFR 215.121 - Defective car body.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Defective car body. 215.121 Section 215.121 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Car Bodies § 215.121...

2010-10-01

249

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2010-10-01

250

49 CFR 215.121 - Defective car body.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Defective car body. 215.121 Section 215.121 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Car Bodies § 215.121...

2013-10-01

251

49 CFR 180.507 - Qualification of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Qualification of tank cars. 180.507 Section 180.507 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.507 Qualification of tank cars. (a) Each tank car marked as meeting...

2013-10-01

252

49 CFR 215.121 - Defective car body.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Defective car body. 215.121 Section 215.121 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Car Bodies § 215.121...

2012-10-01

253

49 CFR 223.15 - Requirements for existing passenger cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Requirements for existing passenger cars. 223.15 Section 223.15 Transportation...GLAZING STANDARDS-LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES Specific Requirements ...15 Requirements for existing passenger cars. (a) Passenger cars...

2012-10-01

254

Optimal energy management for solar car race  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a solar car simulation and race strategy program developed for the University of Illinois Sunrayce 95 solar car race team. The goal is to complete the ten-day race course in the minimum total running time, using solar energy alone. In cloudy weather, even the most competitive cars can become energy-limited. The strategic choice in that case, is

G. S. Wright

1996-01-01

255

Critical Speed Control of a Solar Car  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Solar Challenge is a 3000 km race for solar powered cars across the Australian continent from Darwin to Adelaide. Each car is powered by a panel of photovoltaic cells which convert sunlight into electrical power. The power can be used directly to drive the car or stored in a battery for later use. Previous papers (P. Howlett, P.

Peter Pudney; Phil Howlett

2002-01-01

256

Algorithms CS-37000 The car race problem  

E-print Network

Algorithms ­ CS-37000 The car race problem Instructor: L´aszl´o Babai Ry-164 e-mail: laci which belong to R (the car cannot leave the race track). During time unit 0, the car rests at Start with integer coordi- nates between 0 and n. We call R the "race track." One of the points of R is designated

Babai, László

257

Salary Exchange Car Policy FEBRUARY 2010  

E-print Network

Salary Exchange Car Policy FEBRUARY 2010 1. Preamble 1.1 This policy forms part of the terms and conditions of the agreement between the employee and the University in relation to the Salary Exchange Car Policy. 1.2 The Salary Exchange Car Scheme is based upon a leasing agreement between the University

Bearhop, Stuart

258

Determining the Air Drag on a Car.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' cars and wristwatches are used as "apparatus" to introduce and demonstrate Newton's second law of motion. Forces acting on cars are discussed and typical student data (for different makes of cars) are provided. Data could also be used in discussions of work, horsepower, efficiency, and energy cost. (JN)

Farr, John E.

1983-01-01

259

Car Safety System Using Fuzzy Logic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays everybody can recognize the huge increasing of car numbers on roads. Day after day, this increasing may be an indicator for changing and development. This put a lot of challenges on people and governments. One of these challenges is car accidents and there bad effects. The main aim of our proposal is to help our society to decrease car

Mazin Al-Hadidi; Yasir Khalil Ibrahim; Yarob Adnan Istitieh

2008-01-01

260

49 CFR 231.6 - Flat cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Flat cars. 231.6 Section 231.6 Transportation Other...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.6 Flat cars. (Cars with sides 12 inches or less above the floor may be...

2010-10-01

261

49 CFR 231.6 - Flat cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Flat cars. 231.6 Section 231.6 Transportation Other...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.6 Flat cars. (Cars with sides 12 inches or less above the floor may be...

2013-10-01

262

49 CFR 212.217 - Car inspector.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transportation 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Car inspector. 212.217 Section 212.217 Transportation...REGULATIONS State Inspection Personnel § 212.217 Car inspector. (a) The car inspector is required, at a minimum, to be...

2011-10-01

263

49 CFR 212.217 - Car inspector.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Car inspector. 212.217 Section 212.217 Transportation...REGULATIONS State Inspection Personnel § 212.217 Car inspector. (a) The car inspector is required, at a minimum, to be...

2010-10-01

264

49 CFR 231.6 - Flat cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Flat cars. 231.6 Section 231.6 Transportation Other...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.6 Flat cars. (Cars with sides 12 inches or less above the floor may be...

2011-10-01

265

Terrein / car park: Inleveren bij / submit to  

E-print Network

Procedure: Terrein / car park: Inleveren bij / submit to: Info: Vul a.u.b. uw gegevens in / please terrein, voor de duur van: Requests access to the car park(s) mentioned above for the period of voorbehoud kan van toepassing zijn. You can request access rights for the local car park(s) on one campus

Galis, Frietson

266

49 CFR 212.217 - Car inspector.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Car inspector. 212.217 Section 212.217 Transportation...REGULATIONS State Inspection Personnel § 212.217 Car inspector. (a) The car inspector is required, at a minimum, to be...

2012-10-01

267

49 CFR 231.6 - Flat cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Flat cars. 231.6 Section 231.6 Transportation Other...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.6 Flat cars. (Cars with sides 12 inches or less above the floor may be...

2012-10-01

268

What to Do After a Car Crash  

MedlinePLUS

What to Do After a Car Crash KidsHealth > Teens > Staying Safe > Driving > What to Do After a Car Crash Print A A A Text Size What's in ... first thought was "What do I do now?" Car Crashes Driving is probably the most dangerous thing ...

269

The Science of Speed: Car Safety  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Science of Speed explains the scientific principles that are so essential to the NASCAR experience. Viewers learn how science makes cars powerful, agile, fast and safe--and how these same principles affect their own cars. Conservation of energy explains how NASCAR's new car helped driver Michael McDowell walk away from a scary crash at Texas Motor Speedway in 2008.

Productions, Santa F.

270

49 CFR 212.217 - Car inspector.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Car inspector. 212.217 Section 212.217 Transportation...REGULATIONS State Inspection Personnel § 212.217 Car inspector. (a) The car inspector is required, at a minimum, to be...

2013-10-01

271

Video monitoring system for car seat  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A video monitoring system for use with a child car seat has video camera(s) mounted in the car seat. The video images are wirelessly transmitted to a remote receiver/display encased in a portable housing that can be removably mounted in the vehicle in which the car seat is installed.

Elrod, Susan Vinz (Inventor); Dabney, Richard W. (Inventor)

2004-01-01

272

Burning behavior of sedan passenger cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four full-scale fire experiments using 4-door sedan passenger cars were carried out. The cars were ignited either at the splashguard of the right rear wheel or at the left front seat in the passenger compartment with a gasoline spill. The temperature inside the burning car and the mass loss rate were measured. The burning of the 4-door sedan was composed

Katsuhiro Okamoto; Norimichi Watanabe; Yasuaki Hagimoto; Tadaomi Chigira; Ryoji Masano; Hitoshi Miura; Satoshi Ochiai; Hideki Satoh; Yohsuke Tamura; Kimio Hayano; Yasumasa Maeda; Jinji Suzuki

2009-01-01

273

Behavior of Shiga Toxigenic Escherichia coli Relevant to Lettuce Washing Processes and Consideration of Factors for Evaluating Washing Process Surrogates.  

PubMed

Postharvest processes for fresh produce commonly include washing in water containing antimicrobial chemicals, such as chlorine; however, if the antimicrobials are not present in sufficient levels, washing can promote the spread of contamination that might be present. To understand cross-contamination risk during washing, we tested a collection of Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli (STEC), including O157:H7 and other non-O157 strains, for certain traits during washing of fresh-cut lettuce, i.e., sensitivity to sublethal chlorine levels and ability to cross-contaminate (detach from and attach to) lettuce in the presence of sublethal chlorine levels. Nonpathogenic E. coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) and Pediococcus pentosaceus lactic acid bacterial species (LAB) were included as potential washing process validation surrogates. As measured by extension of the lag phase of growth in media containing 0.15 ppm of chlorine, chlorine sensitivity varied among the STECs. Cross-contamination was assessed by evaluating transfer of bacteria from inoculated to uninoculated leaves during washing. Without chlorine, similar transfer to wash water and uninoculated leaves was shown. In 1 ppm of chlorine, cross-contamination was not detected with most strains, except for the substantial transfer by a STEC O111 strain and EcN in some replicates. Strain O111 and EcN showed less inactivation in 0.25 ppm of chlorine water compared with O157 (P < 0.05). LAB showed similar transfer and similar chlorine inactivation to O157. Considering together the sublethal chlorine sensitivity and detachment/attachment traits, neither EcN nor LAB displayed optimal characteristics as washing process surrogates for the STEC strains, although further evaluation is needed. This work demonstrated a range of behaviors of STEC strains during lettuce washing and may be helpful in hazard characterization, identifying factors to consider for evaluating washing process efficacy, and identifying phenotypic traits to select surrogates to validate washing processes. PMID:25364918

Deng, Kaiping; Wang, Xue; Yen, Li-Han; Ding, Hongliu; Tortorello, Mary Lou

2014-11-01

274

Entwurfskonzept einer Car2Car-Multiband-Dachantenne  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to the vastly increasing use of wireless services in the car, such as WiFi, Car2Car and LTE, the requirements on bandwidth and radiation pattern of the roof antenna systems become more challenging. In this work, a design concept for multi-band roof antenna systems is presented. We aim to get a higher bandwidth and an almost circular radiation pattern on the horizontal plane. Moreover, the antenna length is considered in order to fulfill the requirements set by construction ECE-regulations (ECE, 2010). The applicability of the design concept is not limited to multi-band roof antennas, it can also be used for a general wideband antenna design. For illustration of this concept, a multi-band roof antenna with a bandwidth of 780 MHz to 5.9 GHz and a near circular radiation pattern with an average gain of G = 3 dBi (at 5.9 GHz) on the horizontal plane is designed. The simulation and measurement results are presented.

Wang, Y.; Reit, M.; Mathis, W.

2012-09-01

275

Electric cars shift into second gear  

SciTech Connect

High cost and poor performance have hurt the market for electric cars, but more states are passing emission control regulations that will make electric cars more attractive. Federal funding also will promote research on electric vehicle technologies. There is much work to do on battery recharging, range expansion, and weight to make electric cars desirable to the public. The auto industry is lobbying against the regulations because it fears electric cars will not be commercially viable by the deadlines. Other alternatives for reducing auto emissions are explored. The ultimate fate of electric cars will be decided by consumers.

Silber, K.

1994-05-09

276

Getting More Mileage Out of Mousetrap Cars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Building and racing mousetrap cars is a common activity in many eighth- and ninth-grade physical science classrooms. However, once students have raced their cars, most mousetrap assignments come to an end. The project described here was developed to help teachers get more mileage out of mousetrap cars. The project enables students to investigate the physics behind car construction and performance and is completed in four stages: assembly and materials, the race, data collection for the laboratory, and a final assignment that includes a to-scale diagram of the car and reflective essay.

Wylo, Bonnie; Rutherford, Sandra

2004-10-01

277

Functional analysis of the carS gene of Fusarium fujikuroi.  

PubMed

The ascomycete fungus Fusarium fujikuroi is a model system in the investigation of the biosynthesis of some secondary metabolites, such as gibberellins, bikaverin, and carotenoids. Carotenoid-overproducing mutants, generically called carS, are easily obtained in this fungus by standard mutagenesis procedures. Here we report the functional characterization of gene carS, responsible for this mutant phenotype. The identity of the gene was demonstrated through the finding of mutations in six independent carS mutants and by the complementation of one of them. The F. fujikuroi carS gene was able to restore the control of carotenogenesis in a similar deregulated mutant of Fusarium oxysporum, but only partially at the transcription level, indicating an unexpected complexity in the regulation of the pathway. Due to the pleiotropic characteristics of this mutation, which also modifies the production of other secondary metabolites, we did a screening for carS-regulated genes by subtracted cDNA hybridization. The results show that the carS mutation affects the regulation of numerous genes in addition to those of carotenogenesis. The expression of the identified genes was usually enhanced by light, a regulatory effect also exhibited by the carS gene. However, in most cases, their mRNA levels in carS mutants were similar to those of the wild type, suggesting a regulation that affects mRNA availability rather than mRNA synthesis. PMID:23543145

Rodríguez-Ortiz, Roberto; Limón, M Carmen; Avalos, Javier

2013-04-01

278

Washing of soils spiked with various pollutants by surfactant solutions  

SciTech Connect

In this study, the batch-type of washing with surfactant solutions was employed for the treatment of soils artificially contaminated with various volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and heavy metals. 15 industrial grade surfactants were tested. Washing was conducing by adding surfactant solution to the soils and mixing for one hour, then centrifuging it and analyzing the supernatant. Deionized water was used for soil washing for comparison. Results indicated that deionized water performed as well as Surfactant No. 1 in washing VOC-contaminated soils. Therefore, it is concluded that the VOCs tested can be easily washed from soils by rain water. In washing PAH-contaminated soils, nonionic surfactants performed better than anionic surfactants in terms of removal efficiency. The amphoteric surfactant performed worst in washing PAH-contaminated soils. Generally, surfactants are useful in removing cadmium from soils, but are not useful for the removal of lead and copper. Amphoteric, anionic, and low pH cationic surfactants were the most effective of those tested. For PAH/heavy metals-contaminated soils, removal efficiencies were lower than that of soils containing a single contaminant.

Yang, G.C.C.; Chang, J.H. [National Sun Yat-Sen Univ., Kaohsiung (Taiwan, Province of China)

1995-12-31

279

Appendix 1 -Permit Validity 2013-14 21/02/2014 Visitor Car  

E-print Network

Type Main Car Park Car Park 1 Pay & Display Senate House Visitor Car Park Disabled Bays Lakeside Car Park Warden Bays Wates House SU Minibus Car Park SU Visitor Bays Car Park 5 Reserved Bays in CP5 Leggett & CRC Main car park Nursery Drop Off Off Peak Area Main car park Residents Car Park SSP Car Parks

Doran, Simon J.

280

Refuelling infrastructure for electric cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implications of setting up a network of rapid refuelling stations for a population of electric cars each with an acceleration performance and gross weight similar to a 1974 Ford Escort are discussed. Three types of battery were considered: the improved lead-acid battery, the sodium-sulfur battery and the zinc-air (slurry) battery. 'Filling' stations were designed around each battery type. It

2008-01-01

281

Hand washing frequencies and procedures used in retail food services.  

PubMed

Transmission of viruses, bacteria, and parasites to food by way of improperly washed hands is a major contributing factor in the spread of foodborne illnesses. Field observers have assessed compliance with hand washing regulations, yet few studies have included consideration of frequency and methods used by sectors of the food service industry or have included benchmarks for hand washing. Five 3-h observation periods of employee (n = 80) hand washing behaviors during menu production, service, and cleaning were conducted in 16 food service operations for a total of 240 h of direct observation. Four operations from each of four sectors of the retail food service industry participated in the study: assisted living for the elderly, childcare, restaurants, and schools. A validated observation form, based on 2005 Food Code guidelines, was used by two trained researchers. Researchers noted when hands should have been washed, when hands were washed, and how hands were washed. Overall compliance with Food Code recommendations for frequency during production, service, and cleaning phases ranged from 5% in restaurants to 33% in assisted living facilities. Procedural compliance rates also were low. Proposed benchmarks for the number of times hand washing should occur by each employee for each sector of food service during each phase of operation are seven times per hour for assisted living, nine times per hour for childcare, 29 times per hour for restaurants, and 11 times per hour for schools. These benchmarks are high, especially for restaurant employees. Implementation would mean lost productivity and potential for dermatitis; thus, active managerial control over work assignments is needed. These benchmarks can be used for training and to guide employee hand washing behaviors. PMID:18724759

Strohbehn, Catherine; Sneed, Jeannie; Paez, Paola; Meyer, Janell

2008-08-01

282

Laboratory testing in-tank sludge washing, summary letter report  

SciTech Connect

In-tank washing is being considered as a means of pretreating high-level radioactive waste sludges, such as neutralized current acid waste (NCAW) sludge. For this process, the contents of the tank will be allowed to settle, and the supernatant solution will be decanted and removed. A dilute sodium hydroxide/sodium nitrite wash solution will be added to the settled sludge and the tank contents will be mixed with a mixer pump system to facilitate washing of the sludge. After thorough mixing, the mixer pumps will be shut off and the solids will be allowed to re-settle. After settling, the supernatant solution will be withdrawn from the tank, and the wash cycle will be repeated several times with fresh wash solution. Core sample data of double shell tank 241-AZ-101 indicate that settling of NCAW solids may be very slow. A complicating factor is that strong thermal currents are expected to be generated from heat produced by radionuclides in the sludge layer at the bottom of the tank. Additionally, there are concerns that during the settling period (i.e., while mixing pumps and air-lift re-circulators are shut off), the radionuclides may heat the residual interstitial water in the sludge to the extent that violent steam discharges (steam bumping) could occur. Finally, there are concerns that during the washing steps sludge settling may be hindered as a result of the reduced ionic strength of the wash solution. To overcome the postulated reduced settling rates during the second and third washing steps, the use of flocculants is being considered. To address the above concerns and uncertainties associated with in-tank washing, PNL has conducted laboratory testing with simulant tank waste to investigate settling rates, steam bump potential, and the need for and use of flocculating agents.

Norton, M.V.; Torres-Ayala, F.

1994-09-01

283

Endotoxins in cotton: washing effects and size distribution  

SciTech Connect

Endotoxin contamination was measured in washed and unwashed cottons from three distinct growing areas, California, Mississippi, and Texas. The data show differences in endotoxin contamination based upon the geographic source of the cotton. It is also shown that washing bulk cotton before the carding process results in lower endotoxin in the cotton dust. Washing conditions can affect the endotoxin levels, and all size fractions of the airborne dust contain quantifiable endotoxin contamination. Endotoxin analyses provide a simple and reliable method for monitoring the cleanliness of cotton or airborne cotton dusts.

Olenchock, S.A.; Mull, J.C.; Jones, W.G.

1983-01-01

284

Tobacco use and asking prices of used cars: prevalence, costs, and new opportunities for changing smoking behavior.  

PubMed

Secondhand smoke (SHS) causes premature death and disease in children and adults, and the scientific evidence indicates that there is no risk-free level of exposure to SHS. Smoking tobacco in a car can pollute the microenvironment of the car with residual SHS, leaving telltale signs to potential buyers (e.g., odor, used ash tray). This study examined (a) the proportion of used cars sold in the private party market that may be polluted with tobacco smoke and (b) whether asking prices of smoker and nonsmoker cars differed for cars of otherwise equivalent value. A random sample of 1,642 private party sellers were interviewed by telephone, and content analyses of print advertisements were conducted. Findings indicate that 22% of used cars were advertised by smokers or had been smoked in during the previous year. Among nonsmokers, 94% did not allow smoking in their car during the past year. Only 33% of smokers had the same restrictions. The smoking status of the seller and tobacco use in the car were significantly (p < .01) associated with the asking price independent of a car's Kelley Blue Book value (KBB). Used nonsmoker cars were offered at a considerable premium above their KBB value (>11%) and above comparable smoker cars (7-9%). These findings suggest that community preferences are affecting the value of smoke-free cars. New directions for research, tobacco control policies, and health education are discussed to further reduce smoking behavior, to help consumers make informed purchasing decisions, and to protect nonsmokers from SHS exposure. PMID:18822157

Matt, Georg E; Romero, Romina; Ma, Debbie S; Quintana, Penelope Je; Hovell, Melbourne F; Donohue, Michael; Messer, Karen; Salem, Simon; Aguilar, Mauricio; Boland, Justin; Cullimore, Jennifer; Crane, Marissa; Junker, Jonathan; Tassinario, Peter; Timmermann, Vera; Wong, Kristen; Chatfield, Dale

2008-01-01

285

Tobacco use and asking prices of used cars: prevalence, costs, and new opportunities for changing smoking behavior  

PubMed Central

Secondhand smoke (SHS) causes premature death and disease in children and adults, and the scientific evidence indicates that there is no risk-free level of exposure to SHS. Smoking tobacco in a car can pollute the microenvironment of the car with residual SHS, leaving telltale signs to potential buyers (e.g., odor, used ash tray). This study examined (a) the proportion of used cars sold in the private party market that may be polluted with tobacco smoke and (b) whether asking prices of smoker and nonsmoker cars differed for cars of otherwise equivalent value. A random sample of 1,642 private party sellers were interviewed by telephone, and content analyses of print advertisements were conducted. Findings indicate that 22% of used cars were advertised by smokers or had been smoked in during the previous year. Among nonsmokers, 94% did not allow smoking in their car during the past year. Only 33% of smokers had the same restrictions. The smoking status of the seller and tobacco use in the car were significantly (p < .01) associated with the asking price independent of a car's Kelley Blue Book value (KBB). Used nonsmoker cars were offered at a considerable premium above their KBB value (>11%) and above comparable smoker cars (7–9%). These findings suggest that community preferences are affecting the value of smoke-free cars. New directions for research, tobacco control policies, and health education are discussed to further reduce smoking behavior, to help consumers make informed purchasing decisions, and to protect nonsmokers from SHS exposure. PMID:18822157

Matt, Georg E; Romero, Romina; Ma, Debbie S; Quintana, Penelope JE; Hovell, Melbourne F; Donohue, Michael; Messer, Karen; Salem, Simon; Aguilar, Mauricio; Boland, Justin; Cullimore, Jennifer; Crane, Marissa; Junker, Jonathan; Tassinario, Peter; Timmermann, Vera; Wong, Kristen; Chatfield, Dale

2008-01-01

286

Chandra Observations of Associates of $?$ Car: II. Spectra  

E-print Network

The low resolution X-ray spectra around $\\eta$ Car covering Tr 16 and part of Tr 14 have been extracted from a Chandra CCD ACIS image. Various analysis techniques have been applied to the spectra based on their count rates. The spectra with the greatest number of counts (HD 93162 = WR 25, HD 93129AB, and HD 93250) have been fit with a wind model, which uses several components with different temperatures and depths in the wind. Weaker spectra have been fit with Raymond-Smith models. The weakest spectra are simply inter-compared with strong spectra. In general, fits produce reasonable parameters based on knowledge of the extinction from optical studies and on the range of temperatures for high and low mass stars. Direct comparisons of spectra confirm the consistency of the fitting results and also hardness ratios for cases of unusually large extinction in the clusters. The spectra of the low mass stars are harder than the more massive stars. Stars in the sequence evolving from the main sequence (HD 93250) through the system containing the O supergiant (HD 93129AB) and then through the Wolf-Rayet stage (HD93162), presumably ending in the extreme example of $\\eta$ Car, share the property of being unusually luminous and hard in X-rays. For these X-ray luminous stars, their high mass and evolutionary status (from the very last stages of the main sequence and beyond) is the common feature. Their binary status is mixed, and magnetic status is still uncertain.

Nancy Remage Evans; Eric M. Schlegel; Wayne L. Waldron; Frederick D. Seward; Miriam I. Krauss; Joy Nichols; Scott J. Wolk

2004-05-28

287

Control of helminth contamination of raw vegetables by washing.  

PubMed

This study was conducted to determine the control of helminth egg contamination of raw vegetables by washing. A total of 199 unwashed and 199 washed lettuce, parsley, carrots, dill, rocket, and green-peppers, provided by a catering service in Bursa, Turkey, between March and June 2009, were subjected to helminth egg count under light microscopy. Helminth eggs were detected in six (3.0%) unwashed samples and not in any washed samples (p<0.01). Ascaris lumbricoides and Toxocara spp. were detected in four (2.0%) and two (1.0%) unwashed vegetables, respectively, mostly among leafy vegetables such as lettuce and parsley. Our data confirm that washing procedures before consumption of raw vegetables regardless of the providers' sanitation should be performed to avoid transmission of helminths. PMID:20569015

Avcio?lu, Hamza; Soykan, Emel; Tarakci, Umit

2011-02-01

288

PARTS WASHING ALTERNATIVES STUDY - UNITED STATES COAST GUARD  

EPA Science Inventory

This report has been written to assist the United States Coast Guard (USCG) industrial managers in determining the most cost effective and environmentally acceptable parts washing alternatives for their specific applications. An; evaluation was conducted on four different cleane...

289

Design for dissemination of a low cost washing machine  

E-print Network

Throughout much the developing world, laundry is done the same way today as it was thousands of years ago. The strenuous and time consuming task of clothes washing often falls on the women, who spend many hours every week ...

Raduta, Radu

2008-01-01

290

Documentation of a decision framework to support enhanced sludge washing  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a proposed decision model that, if developed to its fullest, can provide a wide range of analysis options and insights to pretreatment/sludge washing alternatives. A recent decision has been made to terminate this work

Brothers, A.J.

1995-12-31

291

37. Photocopy of ink and wash rendering by N. G. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

37. Photocopy of ink and wash rendering by N. G. Starkwether in collection of Mr. & Mrs. Richard T. Pratt, Camden SIDE ELEVATION OF ITALIAN VILLA FOR W. C. PRATT, ESQr - Camden, Rappahannock River, Port Royal, Caroline County, VA

292

33 CFR 162.230 - Columbia River, Wash.  

...Columbia River, Wash. (a) Grand Coulee Dam discharge channel; restricted area— ...of the Columbia River between Grand Coulee Dam (situated at river mile 596.6) and river...S. Department of the Interior, Coulee Dam,...

2014-07-01

293

SOIL WASHING TREATABILITY TESTS FOR PESTICIDE- CONTAMINATED SOIL  

EPA Science Inventory

The 1987 Sand Creek Operable Unit 5 record of decision (ROD) identified soil washing as the selected technology to remediate soils contaminated with high levels of organochlorine pesticides, herbicides, and metals. Initial treatability tests conducted to assess the applicability...

294

21 CFR 133.137 - Washed curd cheese for manufacturing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Washed curd cheese for manufacturing. 133.137 Section 133.137...SERVICES (CONTINUED) FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION CHEESES AND RELATED CHEESE PRODUCTS Requirements for Specific...

2010-04-01

295

View of Steel Flume Bridge #2 crossing over wash. Looking ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of Steel Flume Bridge #2 crossing over wash. Looking downstream, southwest - Childs-Irving Hydroelectric Project, Childs System, Flume Bridge No. 2, Forest Service Road 708/502, Camp Verde, Yavapai County, AZ

296

WASH inhibits autophagy through suppression of Beclin 1 ubiquitination  

PubMed Central

Autophagy degrades cytoplasmic proteins and organelles to recycle cellular components that are required for cell survival and tissue homeostasis. However, it is not clear how autophagy is regulated in mammalian cells. WASH (Wiskott–Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) and SCAR homologue) plays an essential role in endosomal sorting through facilitating tubule fission via Arp2/3 activation. Here, we demonstrate a novel function of WASH in modulation of autophagy. We show that WASH deficiency causes early embryonic lethality and extensive autophagy of mouse embryos. WASH inhibits vacuolar protein sorting (Vps)34 kinase activity and autophagy induction. We identified that WASH is a new interactor of Beclin 1. Beclin 1 is ubiquitinated at lysine 437 through lysine 63 linkage in cells undergoing autophagy. Ambra1 is an E3 ligase for lysine 63-linked ubiquitination of Beclin 1 that is required for starvation-induced autophagy. The lysine 437 ubiquitination of Beclin 1 enhances the association with Vps34 to promote Vps34 activity. WASH can suppress Beclin 1 ubiquitination to inactivate Vps34 activity leading to suppression of autophagy. PMID:23974797

Xia, Pengyan; Wang, Shuo; Du, Ying; Zhao, Zhenao; Shi, Lei; Sun, Lei; Huang, Guanling; Ye, Buqing; Li, Chong; Dai, Zhonghua; Hou, Ning; Cheng, Xuan; Sun, Qingyuan; Li, Lei; Yang, Xiao; Fan, Zusen

2013-01-01

297

Research and Development Trends of Car Networking  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the rapid development of the world economy, road transport has become increasingly busy. An unexpected incident would cause serious traffic disaster due to traffic accidents. To solve this problem, the intelligent transportation system (ITS), which is important for the health developments of the city transportation, has become a hot topic. The car networking provides a new way for intelligent transportation system. It can ensure intelligent control and monitoring of urban road with high performance. This paper described the concept of car networking and related technology both in oversea and domestic. The importance of car networking to achieve vehicle and details of the car networking related technologies were illustrated firstly. Then, attentions focus on the research nodus of the car networking. Lastly, the development trend of car networking research was discussed.

He, Wei; Li, Zhixiong; Xie, Guotao

298

Welcome to the Car Rental Dashboard Corporate Discount #  

E-print Network

Welcome to the Car Rental Dashboard Corporate Discount # The information contained in this document and Enterprise National Car rental and Enterprise rent-a-Car: Your Business Is Our Business. Welcome to the Car Rental Dashboard, where you can find all the details you need regarding your company's car rental program

299

Adverse Selection in the Wholesale Used Car Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an empirical investigation of adverse selection in the wholesale used car market. New car dealers (who sell both new and used cars) differ from used car dealers (who sell only used cars) in the propensity to sell trade-ins on the wholesale market. Models of adverse selection suggest that the dealer type that sells a higher proportion of

David Genesove

1993-01-01

300

Household planning of car use: implementation of prospec- tive car logs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In an attempt to identify habitual, planned and impulsive car use and to describe its characteris- tics, six trip categories; work, shopping, leisure, personal service, social visits and chauffeuring were investigated in a field study of forty households. The households made a prospective and an actual car log each for one week. When comparing the car logs an expected underprediction

Cecilia Jakobsson

2003-01-01

301

Arriving by Car When visiting the University, please be aware that car parking on campus is limited and is un-  

E-print Network

Arriving by Car When visiting the University, please be aware that car parking on campus is limited to travel by car, please see the details below for available car parking. 1. Victoria Park Pay and Display in advance. 5. Almond Road (Euro Car Parks ­ next to Morrisons) Distance from the University: 1.13 miles

Jensen, Max

302

Dioxin removal from contaminated soils by ethanol washing.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the potential utility of ethanol washing for remediating soils contaminated with polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), as a cost-efficient alternative to conventional remediation methods of PCDD/F-contaminated soils. Initially, screening experiments were performed with a two-level full factorial design to examine the effects of temperature, extraction time and ethanol concentration on the removal efficiency. The screening experiments showed that the ethanol concentration was the most important parameter. In addition, repeated washing cycles considerably improved the results. Ethanol washing conditions were then selected (10 wash cycles with 75% ethanol at 60 degrees C), and applied to four soils with different soil characteristics and contamination levels to test the robustness of the selected method. Treatment efficiencies of 81% and 85% were obtained for a lightly contaminated sandy-silty soil and a highly contaminated clay soil rich in graphite particles, respectively. Even higher treatment efficiencies (> or = 97%) were obtained for two other highly contaminated soils, one of which contained high amounts of organic matter. PCDD/Fs were found to both dissolve in the solvent and migrate into it as species adsorbed to particles. The relative contributions of these mechanisms and the overall efficiency of the removal seem to depend on contaminant concentration, the types of carbon in the soil matrix and the particle size distribution. The study shows that ethanol washing has effective remediation potential for a variety of PCDD/F-contaminated soils. PMID:20399556

Jonsson, Sofia; Lind, Henrik; Lundstedt, Staffan; Haglund, Peter; Tysklind, Mats

2010-07-15

303

Treatment of tunnel wash water and implications for its disposal.  

PubMed

The use of road tunnels in urban areas creates water pollution problems, since the tunnels must be frequently cleaned for traffic safety reasons. The washing generates extensive volumes of highly polluted water, for example, more than fivefold higher concentrations of suspended solids compared to highway runoff. The pollutants in the wash water have an affinity for particulate material, so sedimentation should be a viable treatment option. In this study, 12 in situ sedimentation trials were carried out on tunnel wash water, with and without addition of chemical flocculent. Initial suspended solids concentration ranged from 804 to 9,690 mg/L. With sedimentation times of less than 24 hours and use of a chemical flocculent, it was possible to reach low concentrations of suspended solids (<15 mg/L), PAH (<0.1 ?g/L), As (<1.0 ?g/L), Cd (<0.05 ?g/L), Hg (<0.02 ?g/L), Fe (<200 ?g/L), Ni (<8 ?g/L), Pb (<0.5 ?g/L), Zn (<60 ?g/L) and Cr (<8 ?g/L). Acute Microtox(®) toxicity, mainly attributed to detergents used for the tunnel wash, decreased significantly at low suspended solids concentrations after sedimentation using a flocculent. The tunnel wash water did not inhibit nitrification. The treated water should be suitable for discharge into recipient waters or a wastewater treatment plant. PMID:24845317

Hallberg, M; Renman, G; Byman, L; Svenstam, G; Norling, M

2014-01-01

304

Automated Coal-Mine Shuttle Car  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Cable-guided car increases efficiency in underground coal mines. Unmanned vehicle contains storage batteries in side panels for driving traction motors located in wheels. Batteries recharged during inactive periods or slid out as unit and replaced by fresh battery bank. Onboard generator charges batteries as car operates.

Collins, E. R., Jr.

1984-01-01

305

Performance monitoring in UMR's solar car  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe the instrumentation in UMR's solar car. Accurate knowledge of the operating parameters inside the solar car is shown to be crucial to maintaining high efficiency and reliability. The power trackers keep the solar array operating at its highest efficiency by conditioning the input and maintaining the maximum power point of the solar cells

L. McCarthy; J. Pieper; A. Rues; Cheng Hsiao Wu

2000-01-01

306

System Approach for Reducing Car Pollution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federal policy emphasizes more exacting specifications for new cars to combat pollution. Some doubts are cast on this approach, and alternatives are suggested. Ease of maintenance, high reliability, and inspection are essential to pollution control and must be provided for in the specifications. A total system approach to reduce car pollution is outlined.

Reuel Shinnar

1972-01-01

307

Electric car technology for demonstration and development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The performance characteristics of the electric cars which were developed around the world were characterized. It was reported that the acceleration capability of the electric cars is sluggish in comparison with the conventional ICE engines. Comprehensive data on the elements of operating cost as a function of the service characteristics were provided. It concluded that the future potential of electric

1977-01-01

308

NTNU Java: Pendulum in an accelerated car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this applet a pendulum is in a vertical position when put in a stopped car. When the car is accelerated, it will swing with a new equilibrium position. The user can change the acceleration and the drag coefficient (assume drag force proportional to velocity put in the opposite direction).

Hwang, Fu-Kwun

2008-09-27

309

Car Stopping Distance on a Tabletop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stopping distances in car braking can be an intriguing topic in physics teaching. It illustrates some basic principles of physics, and sheds valuable light on students' attitude towards aggressive driving. Due to safety considerations, it can be difficult to make experiments with actual car braking.

Haugland, Ole Anton

2013-05-01

310

Smart Cars as Autonomous Intelligent Agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a study on the behavior of smart cars by considering them as autonomous intelligent agents. In particular, a smart car could behave as autonomous agent by extracting information from the surrounding environment (road, highway) and determining its position in it, detecting the motion and tracking the behavioral patterns of other moving objects (automobiles) in its own surrounding

Nikolaos G. Bourbakis; Michael Findler

2001-01-01

311

February 2014 STUDENT APPLICATION FOR CAR PARKING  

E-print Network

and specified parking areas. Access Cards and Parking Permits are not transferable and are valid onlyFebruary 2014 STUDENT APPLICATION FOR CAR PARKING Car Parks Office Security & Portering Services (Campus Services Division) Park Place CARDIFF CF10 3AT Telephone: 029 2087 9092 Email: carparking

Davies, Christopher

312

February 2014 STAFF APPLICATION FOR CAR PARKING  

E-print Network

are issued in respect of named individuals and specified parking areas. Access Cards and Parking PermitsFebruary 2014 STAFF APPLICATION FOR CAR PARKING Car Parks Office Security & Portering Services (Campus Services Division) Park Place CARDIFF CF10 3AT Telephone: 029 2087 9092 Email: carparking

Davies, Christopher

313

Evolving controllers for simulated car racing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the evolution of controllers for racing a simulated radio-controlled car around a track, modelled on a real physical track. Five different con- troller architectures were compared, based on neural networks, force fields and action sequences. The con- trollers use either egocentric (first person), Newtonian (third person) or no information about the state of the car (open-loop controller).

Julius Togelius; Simon M. Lucas

2005-01-01

314

Rear-facing car seat (image)  

MedlinePLUS

A rear-facing car seat position is recommended for a child who is very young. Extreme injury can occur in an accident because ... child. In a frontal crash a rear-facing car seat is best, because it cradles the head, ...

315

Car Stopping Distance on a Tabletop  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Stopping distances in car braking can be an intriguing topic in physics teaching. It illustrates some basic principles of physics, and sheds valuable light on students' attitude towards aggressive driving. Due to safety considerations, it can be difficult to make experiments with actual car braking. (Contains 2 figures.)

Haugland, Ole Anton

2013-01-01

316

Car Detection in Low Resolution Aerial Image  

Microsoft Academic Search

e We present a system to detect passenger cars in aerial im- ages ,whe,re cmrs appear as small objects. We pose this as a 3D object recognition problem to account for the uariation in viezupoint and the shadow. We started from. psychologi- cal tests to find important features for human detection of cars. Based on these observations, we selected the

Tao Zhao; Ramakant Nevatia

2001-01-01

317

Car-following: a historical review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the topic of car-following has become of increased importance in traffic engineering and safety research. Models of this phenomenon, which describe the interaction between (typically) adjacent vehicles in the same lane, now form the cornerstone for many important areas of research including (a) simulation modelling, where the car-following model (amongst others) controls the motion of the vehicles

Mark Brackstone; Mike McDonald

1999-01-01

318

The Climatological Automated Recording Station (CARS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The background to the design specification for a self-contained automatic weather station (CARS) is outlined together with the meteorological parameters required to be measured. The components of the system - recorder, sensors power supplies - are described and the utilization in the field of CARS is discussed.

D. J. McKay

1975-01-01

319

DEMAND FOR CLEAN FUEL CAR IN NORWAY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forecasting demand for clean fuel vehicles has become important task for car manufacturer, for utility companies, and for evaluation of the necessary incentive schemes for their penetration in the market. Furthermore it is important to carefully evaluate the impacts of these different incentives on the possible outgrowth of reliance on car, its consequences for public transportation and future spatial development.

Farideh Ramjerdi

320

Southwestern Willow Flycatcher Surveys Along the Las Vegas Wash, Clark County, Nevada, 2012.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Las Vegas Wash Coordination Committee, a 29-member stakeholder group, is working to stabilize and enhance the Las Vegas Wash (Wash), the channel that drains flows from the Las Vegas Valley to Lake Mead at Las Vegas Bay. The Wash also flows through the...

D. Van Dooremolen

2012-01-01

321

Southwestern Willow Flycatcher Surveys Along the Las Vegas Wash, Clark County, Nevada, 2013.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Las Vegas Wash Coordination Committee (LVWCC), a 29-member stakeholder group, is working to stabilize and enhance the Las Vegas Wash (Wash), the channel that drains flows from the Las Vegas Valley to Lake Mead at Las Vegas Bay. The Wash also flows thr...

D. Van Dooremolen

2014-01-01

322

49 CFR 1033.2 - Car service orders.  

...Transportation 8 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Car service orders. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.2 Car service orders. Emergency and temporary...

2014-10-01

323

The Sharing Economy: Moving People with Shared Cars and Bikes  

E-print Network

The Sharing Economy: Moving People with Shared Cars and Bikes Susan Shaheen Fleets of cars and trucks in a network of locations · Allows households-income residents and college students · Provides car use without bearing full ownership

Kammen, Daniel M.

324

78 FR 52606 - Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sub-No. 4)] Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting AGENCY: Surface Transportation...DOT. ACTION: Notice of National Grain Car Council meeting...given of a meeting of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC), pursuant to the...

2013-08-23

325

1. GENERAL VIEW OF TIPPLE LOOKING NORTHWEST, SHOWING LARRY CARS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. GENERAL VIEW OF TIPPLE LOOKING NORTHWEST, SHOWING LARRY CARS BELOW HOPPER BIN. GRAY FITZSIMONS, HAER HISTORIAN, IS STANDING ON PLATFORM NEXT TO LARRY CARS - Lucernemines Coke Works, Larry Car Tipple, East of Lucerne, Lucerne Mines, Indiana County, PA

326

49 CFR 215.119 - Defective freight car truck.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Defective freight car truck. 215.119 Section 215.119 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Suspension System § 215.119...

2011-10-01

327

49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 Section 173.319 Transportation...Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General requirements. (1) A tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid...

2010-10-01

328

77 FR 50763 - Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sub-No. 5)] Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting AGENCY: Surface Transportation...DOT. ACTION: Notice of National Grain Car Council meeting...given of a meeting of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC), pursuant to section...

2012-08-22

329

49 CFR 1033.2 - Car service orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Transportation 8 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Car service orders. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.2 Car service orders. Emergency and temporary...

2012-10-01

330

49 CFR 1033.2 - Car service orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Transportation 8 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Car service orders. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.2 Car service orders. Emergency and temporary...

2013-10-01

331

49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 Section 173.319 Transportation...Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General requirements. (1) A tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid...

2012-10-01

332

49 CFR 215.119 - Defective freight car truck.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Defective freight car truck. 215.119 Section 215.119 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Suspension System § 215.119...

2013-10-01

333

49 CFR 215.303 - Stenciling of restricted cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Stenciling of restricted cars. 215.303 Section 215.303 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Stenciling § 215.303 Stenciling of restricted cars. (a) Each restricted railroad...

2010-10-01

334

6. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT INSIDE CAMERA ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF COMMUNICATION EQUIPMENT INSIDE CAMERA CAR WITH CAMERA MOUNT IN FOREGROUND. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

335

Road Map Team Proposal Form Proposal: CAR29  

E-print Network

Road Map Team Proposal Form Proposal: CAR29 1: Road Map Team Name: Creative Activities and Research (CAR), and Rankings and Reputation (R&R) 1b: Team Theme Name: Becoming an International leader in Stem Research (CAR

Suzuki, Masatsugu

336

49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 Section 173.319 Transportation...Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General requirements. (1) A tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid...

2011-10-01

337

5. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF HOIST AT SIDE OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF HOIST AT SIDE OF BRIDGE AND ENGINE CAR ON TRACKS, LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

338

49 CFR 1033.2 - Car service orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Car service orders. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.2 Car service orders. Emergency and temporary...

2010-10-01

339

49 CFR 1033.2 - Car service orders.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transportation 8 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Car service orders. 1033.2 Section 1033.2 Transportation...OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS CAR SERVICE § 1033.2 Car service orders. Emergency and temporary...

2011-10-01

340

49 CFR 215.119 - Defective freight car truck.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Defective freight car truck. 215.119 Section 215.119 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Suspension System § 215.119...

2010-10-01

341

29 CFR 1917.124 - Dockboards (car and bridge plates).  

... 2014-07-01 false Dockboards (car and bridge plates). 1917.124 Section...Facilities § 1917.124 Dockboards (car and bridge plates). (a) General... (b) [Reserved] (c) Dockboards (car and bridge plates). (1)...

2014-07-01

342

30 CFR 56.14215 - Coupling or uncoupling cars.  

...2014-07-01 false Coupling or uncoupling cars. 56.14215 Section 56.14215 Mineral...Procedures § 56.14215 Coupling or uncoupling cars. Prior to coupling or uncoupling cars manually, trains shall be brought to a...

2014-07-01

343

40 CFR 201.15 - Standard for car coupling operations.  

... 2014-07-01 false Standard for car coupling operations. 201.15 Section...Operations Standards § 201.15 Standard for car coupling operations. Effective January...subject to this regulation shall conduct car coupling operations that exceed...

2014-07-01

344

49 CFR 173.319 - Cryogenic liquids in tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. 173.319 Section 173.319 Transportation...Packaging § 173.319 Cryogenic liquids in tank cars. (a) General requirements. (1) A tank car containing a flammable cryogenic liquid...

2013-10-01

345

49 CFR 215.303 - Stenciling of restricted cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Stenciling of restricted cars. 215.303 Section 215.303 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Stenciling § 215.303 Stenciling of restricted cars. (a) Each restricted railroad...

2011-10-01

346

76 FR 53717 - Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sub-No. 4)] Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting AGENCY: Surface Transportation...Board. ACTION: Notice of National Grain Car Council meeting...given of a meeting of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC), pursuant to section...

2011-08-29

347

30 CFR 57.14215 - Coupling or uncoupling cars.  

...2014-07-01 false Coupling or uncoupling cars. 57.14215 Section 57.14215 Mineral...Procedures § 57.14215 Coupling or uncoupling cars. Prior to coupling or uncoupling cars manually, trains shall be brought to a...

2014-07-01

348

75 FR 53736 - Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Sub-No. 4)] Notice of National Grain Car Council Meeting AGENCY: Surface Transportation...DOT. ACTION: Notice of National Grain Car Council meeting...given of a meeting of the National Grain Car Council (NGCC), pursuant to section...

2010-09-01

349

7. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF 'FLARE' OR TRAJECTORY CAMERA ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. VAL CAMERA CAR, DETAIL OF 'FLARE' OR TRAJECTORY CAMERA INSIDE CAMERA CAR. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

350

49 CFR 215.303 - Stenciling of restricted cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Stenciling of restricted cars. 215.303 Section 215.303 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Stenciling § 215.303 Stenciling of restricted cars. (a) Each restricted railroad...

2012-10-01

351

49 CFR 215.119 - Defective freight car truck.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Defective freight car truck. 215.119 Section 215.119 Transportation...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Freight Car Components Suspension System § 215.119...

2012-10-01

352

49 CFR 215.303 - Stenciling of restricted cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Stenciling of restricted cars. 215.303 Section 215.303 Transportation...DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS Stenciling § 215.303 Stenciling of restricted cars. (a) Each restricted railroad...

2013-10-01

353

29 CFR 1917.124 - Dockboards (car and bridge plates).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Dockboards (car and bridge plates). 1917.124 Section 1917... § 1917.124 Dockboards (car and bridge plates). (a) General. The...Reserved] (c) Dockboards (car and bridge plates). (1) Dockboards shall...

2011-07-01

354

29 CFR 1917.124 - Dockboards (car and bridge plates).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Dockboards (car and bridge plates). 1917.124 Section 1917... § 1917.124 Dockboards (car and bridge plates). (a) General. The...Reserved] (c) Dockboards (car and bridge plates). (1) Dockboards shall...

2012-07-01

355

29 CFR 1917.124 - Dockboards (car and bridge plates).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Dockboards (car and bridge plates). 1917.124 Section 1917... § 1917.124 Dockboards (car and bridge plates). (a) General. The...Reserved] (c) Dockboards (car and bridge plates). (1) Dockboards shall...

2013-07-01

356

29 CFR 1917.124 - Dockboards (car and bridge plates).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Dockboards (car and bridge plates). 1917.124 Section 1917... § 1917.124 Dockboards (car and bridge plates). (a) General. The...Reserved] (c) Dockboards (car and bridge plates). (1) Dockboards shall...

2010-07-01

357

Advanced adiabatic diesel engine for passenger cars  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of an analytical study to identify the essential features of a futuristic engine for cars. A combination of several advanced features in one engine package results in a dramatic increase in the fuel economy of the car while maintaining all other essential features at levels comparable to current cars on the market. This advanced adiabatic diesel engine is expected to give 78.8 mpg in the federal combined driving cycle in a 3,000-pound vehicle. This compares to 37.7 mpg and 30.0 mpg obtained in current diesel and gasoline engine powered cars, respectively. The study identified the research and development efforts needed to bring this concept to fruition and concluded that an aggressive 10-year program will result in production availability of these cars.

Sekar, R.R.; Kamo, R.; Wood, J.C.

1984-01-01

358

Entertainment and Pacification System For Car Seat  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An entertainment and pacification system for use with a child car seat has speakers mounted in the child car seat with a plurality of audio sources and an anti-noise audio system coupled to the child car seat. A controllable switching system provides for, at any given time, the selective activation of i) one of the audio sources such that the audio signal generated thereby is coupled to one or more of the speakers, and ii) the anti-noise audio system such that an ambient-noise-canceling audio signal generated thereby is coupled to one or more of the speakers. The controllable switching system can receive commands generated at one of first controls located at the child car seat and second controls located remotely with respect to the child car seat with commands generated by the second controls overriding commands generated by the first controls.

Elrod, Susan Vinz (Inventor); Dabney, Richard W. (Inventor)

2006-01-01

359

Dual-tip-enhanced ultrafast CARS nanoscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) and, in particular, femtosecond adaptive spectroscopic techniques (FAST CARS) have been successfully used for molecular spectroscopy and microscopic imaging. Recent progress in ultrafast nano-optics provides flexibility in generation and control of optical near fields, and holds promise to extend CARS techniques to the nanoscale. In this theoretical study, we demonstrate ultrafast subwavelentgh control of coherent Raman spectra of molecules in the vicinity of a plasmonic nanostructure excited by ultrashort laser pulses. The simulated nanostructure design provides localized excitation sources for CARS by focusing incident laser pulses into subwavelength hot spots via two self-similar nanolens antennas connected by a waveguide. Hot-spot-selective dual-tip-enhanced CARS (2TECARS) nanospectra of DNA nucleobases are obtained by simulating optimized pump, Stokes and probe near fields using tips, laser polarization- and pulse-shaping. This technique may be used to explore ultrafast energy and electron transfer dynamics in real space with nanometre resolution.

Ballmann, Charles W.; Cao, Bin; Sinyukov, Alexander M.; Sokolov, Alexei V.; Voronine, Dmitri V.

2014-08-01

360

Coal cars - the first three hundred years  

SciTech Connect

This is the comprehensive study of the freight cars that conveyed coal across broad swaths of land that had been impassible before the invention of the steam engine. This volume traces the history and evolution of coal cars from their earliest use in England to the construction of major railways for the purpose of coal hauling and the end of the steam era on American railroads. In addition to contextualizing coal cars in the annals of industrial history, the book features extensive design specifications and drawings as well as a complete history of the various safety and mechanical innovations employed on these freight cars. It concludes with a photographic essay illustrating the development of the coal car over its first 300 years of use. 608 photos.

Martin Robert Karig III

2007-12-15

361

Apparatus for controlling electric cars  

SciTech Connect

An apparatus is described for controlling electric cars comprising: d-c shunt-wound motors adapted to be connected to a d-c source and having armatures and field windings; first chopper circuit means connected in series with the armatures of the d-c shunt-wound motors and controlling the flow of armature currents in both directions upon receipt of timing signals; second chopper circuit means connected in series with the field windings of the d-c shunt-wound motors and controlling the flow of field currents in both directions upon receipt of timing signals; reactors having first and second coils, the first coils being connected in series with the armatures, and the second coils being connected in series with the field windings. The first coils and second coils and magnetically coupled together maintaining such a relation that the field currents decrease with the decrease in the armature currents.

Naruto, M.

1987-01-06

362

Washing and caustic leaching of Hanford Tank C-106 sludge  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the results of a laboratory-scale washing and caustic leaching test performed on sludge from Hanford Tank C-106. The purpose of this test was to determine the behavior of important sludge components when subjected to washing with dilute or concentrated sodium hydroxide solutions. The results of this laboratory-scale test were used to support the design of a bench-scale washing and leaching process used to prepare several hundred grams of high-level waste solids for vitrification tests to be done by private contractors. The laboratory-scale test was conducted at Pacific Northwest Laboratory in FY 1996 as part of the Hanford privatization effort. The work was funded by the US Department of Energy through the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS; EM-30).

Lumetta, G.J.; Wagner, M.J.; Hoopes, F.V.; Steele, R.T.

1996-10-01

363

49 CFR 180.519 - Periodic retest and inspection of tank cars other than single-unit tank car tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Periodic retest and inspection of tank cars other than single-unit tank car tanks. 180.519 Section 180.519 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.519 Periodic retest and inspection...

2011-10-01

364

49 CFR 180.519 - Periodic retest and inspection of tank cars other than single-unit tank car tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Periodic retest and inspection of tank cars other than single-unit tank car tanks. 180.519 Section 180.519 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.519 Periodic retest and inspection...

2013-10-01

365

49 CFR 180.519 - Periodic retest and inspection of tank cars other than single-unit tank car tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Periodic retest and inspection of tank cars other than single-unit tank car tanks. 180.519 Section 180.519 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.519 Periodic retest and inspection...

2012-10-01

366

49 CFR 180.519 - Periodic retest and inspection of tank cars other than single-unit tank car tanks.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Periodic retest and inspection of tank cars other than single-unit tank car tanks. 180.519 Section 180.519 Transportation...PACKAGINGS Qualification and Maintenance of Tank Cars § 180.519 Periodic retest and inspection...

2010-10-01

367

BLAISDELL SLOW SAND FILTER WASHING MACHINE. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST. THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

BLAISDELL SLOW SAND FILTER WASHING MACHINE. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST. THE ELECTRIC TROLLEY IS SEEN AT THE LEFT. THE BULKHEAD SEEN AT THE LOWER RIGHT IS NOT PART OF THE MACHINE; IT WAS INSTALLED TO RETAIN THE FILTER SAND AFTER THE MACHINE WAS NO LONGER USED. THE NORTHWEST CORNER OF SETTLING RESERVOIR NO. 4 IS SEEN IN THE DISTANCE BELOW THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE TROLLEY. - Yuma Main Street Water Treatment Plant, Blaisdell Slow Sand Filter Washing Machine, Jones Street at foot of Main Street, Yuma, Yuma County, AZ

368

100 Area soil washing bench-scale test procedures  

SciTech Connect

This document describes methodologies and procedures for conducting soil washing treatability tests in accordance with the 100 Area Soil Washing Treatability Test Plan (DOE-RL 1992, Draft A). The objective of this treatability study is to evaluate the use of physical separation systems and chemical extraction methods as a means of separating chemically and radioactively contaminated soil fractions from uncontaminated soil fractions. These data will be primarily used for determining feasibility of the individual unit operations and defining the requirements for a system, or systems, for pilot-scale testing.

Freeman, H.D.; Gerber, M.A.; Mattigod, S.V.; Serne, R.J.

1993-03-01

369

UA Sense of Place Trip #3: Desert Washes and Urban Flooding Trip #3 explores desert washes and how humans live next to them. Hydrological measure-  

E-print Network

UA Sense of Place Trip #3: Desert Washes and Urban Flooding Trip #3 explores desert washes and how of the landscape (Manduca et al., 2008). Ultimately, flooding is viewed as nei- ther bad nor good, but rather in the dry wash bed itself, but only at the mercy of flooding. An increment borer is brought along

McCallum, William G.

370

Water Conservation Tips When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the  

E-print Network

Water Conservation Tips When washing dishes by hand, don't let the water run while rinsing. Fill one sink with wash water and the other with rinse water. Run your washing machine and dishwasher only instead and save gallons every time. For cold drinks keep a pitcher of water in the refrigerator instead

371

Car-to-car radio channel measurements at 5 GHz: Pathloss, power-delay profile, and delay-Doppler  

E-print Network

Car-to-car radio channel measurements at 5 GHz: Pathloss, power-delay profile, and delay Contact: apaier@nt.tuwien.ac.at Abstract-- We carried out a car­to­infrastructure (C2I) and car­to­car (C2­Doppler spectra in a C2C highway scenario, where both cars were traveling in opposite directions. A pathloss

Zemen, Thomas

372

Application and evaluation of the washing effect in the collector well using pilot plant with washing device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Riverbed/bank filtration (RBF) is a natural process used as a first step in drinking water treatment. RBF systems consist of well fields that draw water from an aquifer that is hydraulically connected to surface waters. The benefits of RBF are multiple and include a reduction of turbidity, total coliform, microbial contaminants natural organic matter, and organic contaminants. Some of the disadvantages of RBF include the difficulty of preventing river water from infiltrating the aquifer in in-stances of severe river contamination, the geochemical reaction of the infiltrate with aquifer materials that may raise the aqueous concentrations of Fe2+, Mn2+, As, NH4+, CH4, Ca2+ and HCO3- , and clogging of the riverbed. For example, has demonstrated that riverbed clogging may decrease the specific capacity of RBF wells (flow reduction in the collector well etc.). The objective of this study is to optimization and evaluation the washing effect on various nozzle type and intervals, soil retention rate in the collector well using pilot plant with washing device for prevention flow reduction in the collector well. The Pilot plant experiments were conducted under various conditions; two kinds nozzle type (spray nozzle of circle type (single - Full Cone, multi - Hollow Cone) and spray nozzle of fan shape type (Veejet)), two different nozzle intervals (200 mm, 400mm) and a various soil retention rate in the collector well (10 ~ 40%). The results of experiment showed that in the nozzle type case, the washing effect of the veeject nozzle was more effective than other (Full Cone, Hollow Cone) nozzle through spray results (range, strength and height). In the nozzle interval conditions, washing effect is 200 mm better than 400 mm through spray distance and soil height. The washing efficiency in the collector well increased on soil retention rate decreased and the nozzle injection pressure increased using washing device

Cho, K. H.; Kim, B. J.; Choi, N. C.; Lee, S. J.; Lee, B. H.

2012-04-01

373

Interference between Car and Face Expertise  

E-print Network

experts (recruited from local car clubs) and 17 novices participated in this study for payment (6 women, 1 was an expert). Materials. Stimuli consisted of a total of 336 composite grayscale images of cars (profile) and faces (front view). A horizontal red line covered the seam between the two parts. In half of the car images the top part was inverted. All stimuli were derived from 64 faces and 64 cars. Design and Procedure. In each of 1010 trials (60 practice, 960 experimental) an image was presented centrally for 1500ms. Images alternated between car and face composites (see Figure 1). Subjects pressed a key indicating whether the bottom of the current image was the same or different from the last image of the same category, triggering the presentation of the next image. Subjects were instructed to ignore the top parts of all images throughout the entire experiment. Holistic processing of the cars was manipulated in two conditions: (i) An upright condition in which cars appeared u

Kim Curby Isabel; Isabel Gauthier

374

Illinois PER Interactive Examples: Pendulum in Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an interactive homework problem for introductory physics students relating to Newton's Second Law. Inside an accelerating car, a ball of known mass hangs from a string. Given the string displacement from the vertical, the student must determine the magnitude of the car's acceleration. A user-activated "help" sequence promotes understanding of this situation relative to positions both inside and outside the car. Included are a step-by-step conceptual analysis, free-body diagrams, and explanation of math applications. To promote critical thinking, immediate feedback is received for both correct and incorrect responses. This item is part of a larger collection of interactive homework problems for introductory physics.

Gladding, Gary

2008-09-12

375

Bulk engineering and durability properties of washed glass sand concrete  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reports the results of an experimental programme aimed at examining the performance of Portland-cement concrete produced with washed glass sand (WGS), as natural sand substitute- by mass. The effects of up to 50% WGS on fresh, engineering and durability related properties have been established and its suitability for use in a range of normal-grade concrete production assessed. WGS

Mukesh C. Limbachiya

2009-01-01

376

Accidental entrapment of cats in front-loading washing machines  

PubMed Central

Two clinical cases of accidental entrapment of cats in front-loading washing machines are described. One cat died the day after presentation as a result of aspiration pneumonia and head trauma, despite supportive care. The second cat survived with supportive treatment, but developed dermatologic complications 10 d later. PMID:21119868

Stewart, Sarah A.; Gaunt, Matthew C.; Taylor, Susan M.; Snead, Elizabeth C.R.

2010-01-01

377

BERGMAN USA SOIL SEDIMENT WASHING TECHNOLOGY - APPLICATIONS ANALYSIS REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

This document provides an evaluation of the performance of the Bergmann USA Soil/Sediment Washing System and its applicability for the treatment of soils or sediments contaminated with organic and/or inorganic compounds. oth the technical and economic aspects of the technology we...

378

2) REPRODUCTION Fertilizing ability of twice-washed  

E-print Network

, France The fertilizing ability of twice-washed deep-frozen, thawed goat spermatozoa was tested the onset of cestrus between 24 and 36 hours after the end of treatment in 75 p. 100 of treated animals of appearance of oestrus after the end of treatment was 30 hrs at the beginning (June) or 26 hrs in the middle

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

379

Hand washing understanding and behaviour by Australian consumers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Correct hand washing procedures with soap and water have been a major part of public health campaigns since the 19th century. More recently the importance of thoroughly drying hands has also been recognised. A national survey of 1250 respondents commissioned by the Food Safety Information Council found that 98% of males and 97% of females correctly recognised that it was

Lydia Buchtmann

380

35. Photocopy of detail of ink and wash rendering by ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. Photocopy of detail of ink and wash rendering by N. G. Starkwether in collection of Mr. & Mrs. Richard T. Pratt, Camden ELEVATIONS OF ITALIAN VILLA FOR WILLIAM C. PRATT - CAMDEN PLACE - RIVER FRONT - Camden, Rappahannock River, Port Royal, Caroline County, VA

381

36. Photocopy of detail of ink and wash rendering by ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

36. Photocopy of detail of ink and wash rendering by N. G. Starkwether in collection of Mr. & Mrs. Richard T. Pratt, Camden ELEVATIONS OF ITALIAN VILLA FOR WILLIAM C. PRATT - CAMDEN PLACE - DRIVE FRONT - Camden, Rappahannock River, Port Royal, Caroline County, VA

382

Vibration-based Approach to Lifetime Prediction of Washing Machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a vibration method for remaining life estimation of components in washing machines. Vibration signals were measured on electric motors during an accelerated lifetime test. Significant frequency bands are identified using a spectral comparison based on the Constant Percentage Bandwidth (CPB) spectrum. CPB- and cepstrum-based indicators are extracted and some improvements are proposed, such as the use of

Robert B. Randall; Sami Kara; Hartmut Kaebernick

383

DEMONSTRATION BULLETIN: SOIL/SEDIMENT WASHING SYSTEM BERGMANN USA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Bergmann USA Soil/Sediment Washing System is a waste minimization technique designed to separate or "partition" soils and sediments by grain size and density. In this water-based volume reduction process, hazardous contaminants are concentrated into a small residual portion...

384

WILL SOIL WASHING WORK FOR THE SAND CREEK SUPERFUND SITE?  

EPA Science Inventory

The 1987 Sand Creek Operable Unit 5 Record of Decision (ROD) identified soil washing as the selected remedy to remediate soils contaminated with high levels of organochlorine pesticides, 2, 4-D herbicides and metals. nitial treatability tests conducted to assess the application o...

385

WASHING STUDIES FOR PCP AND CREOSOTE-CONTAMINATED SOIL  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Protection Agency has conducted a series of bench-scale and pilot-scale studies to evaluate the feasibility of washing pentachlorophenol (PCP) and creosote from the soil at an abandoned wood-treatment Superfund site in Pensacola, FL. The high sand content and lo...

386

WASHING STUDIES FOR PCP AND CREOSOTE-CONTAMINATED SOIL  

EPA Science Inventory

The Environmental Protection Agency has conducted a series of bench-scale and pilot-scale studies to evaluate the feasibility of washing pentachlorophenol (PCP) and creosote from the soil at an abandoned wood-treatment Superfund site in Pensacola, FL. he high sand content and low...

387

SOIL WASHING TREATABILITY FOR PESTICIDE-CONTAMINATED SOIL  

EPA Science Inventory

The 1987 Record of Decision for Sand Creek Operable Unit 5 identified soil washing as the selected technology to remediate soils contaminated with high levels of organochlorine pesticides, herbicides and metals. nitial treatability tests conducted to assess the application of soi...

388

Radioactive demonstration of the late wash'' Precipitate Hydrolysis Process  

SciTech Connect

This report presents results of the radioactive demonstration of the DWPF Precipitate Hydrolysis Process as it would occur in the late wash'' flowsheet in the absence of hydroxylamine nitrate. Radioactive precipitate containing Cs-137 from the April, 1983, in-tank precipitation demonstration in Tank 48 was used for these tests.

Bibler, N.E.; Ferrara, D.M.; Ha, B.C.

1992-06-30

389

Radioactive demonstration of the ``late wash`` Precipitate Hydrolysis Process  

SciTech Connect

This report presents results of the radioactive demonstration of the DWPF Precipitate Hydrolysis Process as it would occur in the ``late wash`` flowsheet in the absence of hydroxylamine nitrate. Radioactive precipitate containing Cs-137 from the April, 1983, in-tank precipitation demonstration in Tank 48 was used for these tests.

Bibler, N.E.; Ferrara, D.M.; Ha, B.C.

1992-06-30

390

Environmental Impacts Of Zirab Coal Washing Plant, Mazandaran, Iran  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Extraction and beneficiation operations associated with coal mining increase the rate of chemical reaction of waste material to air and water media. Zirab coal washing plant is located on the bank of the Cherat stream in Mazandaran province, Iran. coal Mined from central Alborz coalfield mines is not suitable for use in Iranian Steel Corporation. Hence, coal ash content is reduced by physical and chemical processes in this plant. These processes leave a large quantity of liquid and solid wastes that accumulate in waste dump and tailing dam. sediment and water samples taken from Sheshrudbar and Cherat streams and also from Talar river show high concentration of Cd, Mo and As in water samples of coal washing plant and the associated drainage. Eh-pH diagrams revealed the chemical species of elements in water. The enrichment factor and geoaccumulation index show that Cd, Hg, Mo and V are enriched in bottom sediments of the coal washing plant and decrease with increasing distance from the plant. Sequential extraction analysis Results of three sediment samples of Cherat stream show that silicate bound is the major phase in samples taken before and after the plant, but adjacent to the plant, organic bound is dominant. The high concentration of Cd and Mo in the water soluble phase, is noticeable and may result in high mobility and bioavailability of these elements. Mann-Whitney and Wilcoxon tests on six samples, before and after the coal washing plant support the obtained results. Keywords: Zirab; coal washing plant; Sequential extraction analysis; Mann-whitney; Wilcoxon; Enrichment factor; Geoaccumulation index.

Moore, F.; Esmaeili, A.

2009-04-01

391

49 CFR 174.57 - Cleaning cars.  

...TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS CARRIAGE BY RAIL General Handling and Loading Requirements § 174.57 Cleaning...All hazardous material which has leaked from a package in any rail car or on other railroad property must be carefully...

2014-10-01

392

49 CFR 174.110 - Car magazine.  

...PIPELINE AND HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS REGULATIONS CARRIAGE BY RAIL Class I (Explosive) Materials § 174.110 Car magazine. When specially authorized by the carrier,...

2014-10-01

393

How to Buy a Car 101  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article elaborates on the basics of problem-based learning units and tips for implementation. The problem-based learning unit described focuses on the course of action involved in purchasing a new car. (Contains 2 figures.)

Flores, Charity A.

2006-01-01

394

Robot car learns as it travels  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A robotic car under development at Oxford University, interprets its surroundings and makes decisions about where to go. The scientists behind it say the technology could eliminate the agony and cost of traffic jams. Stuart McDill reports.

n/a n/a (Scientific American;)

2011-10-12

395

One-spot car coke quenching process  

SciTech Connect

A process is disclosed for quenching hot coke in a one-spot coke quench car. The process utilizes unique arrangement of pipes and spray nozzles to quench the hot coke in a substantially watertight coke quench car having a sloping bottom. A plurality of pipes are directed downwardly from a header mounted on the bench side of the quench car to provide solid streams of water onto the shallow coke bed portion at the top of the sloped bottom for a portion of the quench period. After an initial period a flow of water from a plurality of spray nozzles mounted on additional headers is directed onto the substantially horizontal deep coke bed portion for the remainder of the quenching period. Unvaporized quench liquid is retained in the watertight car until the completion of the quench cycle when it is rapidly drained away.

Neubaum, V.A.; Fetterman, R.C.; Schwartz, S.R.; Swan, W.E. Jr.

1983-08-02

396

One-spot car coke quenching method  

SciTech Connect

A process is disclosed for quenching hot coke in a one-spot coke quench car. The process utilizes a unique arrangement of pipes and spray nozzles to quench the hot coke in a substantially watertight coke quench car having a sloping bottom. A plurality of pipes are directed downwardly from a header mounted on the bench side of the quench car to provide solid streams of water onto the shallow coke bed portion at the top of the sloped bottom for a portion of the quench period. After an initial period a flow of water from a plurality of spray nozzles mounted on additional headers is directed onto the substantially horizontal deep coke bed portion for the remainder of the quenching period. The unvaporized quench liquid is retained in the watertight car until the completion of the quench cycle when it is rapidly drained away.

Fetterman, R.C.; Neubaum, V.A.; Schwartz, S.R.; Swan, W.E.

1982-08-17

397

Energy parameters of a solar car for Jordan  

Microsoft Academic Search

All parameters related to car energy were investigated in this work, and the power basics of a car design powered by solar energy are laid down. Year-round weather conditions, car weight, road roughness and road inclination were taken as variable parameters used to calculate the car speed and working hours (year round). Fixed parameters taken for the design were: a

M. Hammad; T. Khatib

1996-01-01

398

How to Buy a Used Car Alireza Fathi  

E-print Network

How to Buy a Used Car Alireza Fathi College of Computing Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta it advantageous to buy cars that are sold in auction, since they tend to be much cheaper. Apparently cars sold, they probably didn't care about the car much, didn't change the oil in time, and put a lot of milage on it. b

Pratt, Vaughan

399

Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent Tao Zhang, 3  

E-print Network

Modelling Electrical Car Diffusion Based on Agent 1 Lei Yu, ,2 Tao Zhang, 3 Siebers Peer-Ola, 4 to include things like car parking charges, price of electrical car, energy awareness and word of mouth parking rates and other incentives on the uptake of electrical cars. The goal of this case study

Aickelin, Uwe

400

Emotions as determinants of electric car usage intention  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a sample of 1202 Belgians, the determining factors of the usage intention of an electric car and the differences between early and late usage intention segments are investigated. The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) framework is extended with emotional reactions towards the electric car and car driving in general. Emotions and the attitude towards the electric car are the

Ingrid Moons; Patrick De Pelsmacker

2012-01-01

401

49 CFR 173.31 - Use of tank cars.  

... 2014-10-01 false Use of tank cars. 173.31 Section 173.31 Transportation...Transportation § 173.31 Use of tank cars. (a) General. (1) No person...hazardous material for transportation in a tank car unless the tank car meets the...

2014-10-01

402

49 CFR 238.311 - Single car test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Single car test. 238.311 Section 238.311 Transportation...Passenger Equipment § 238.311 Single car test. (a) Except for self-propelled passenger cars, single car tests of all passenger...

2011-10-01

403

Carring's Medium Access Methods in Comparison to FDDI  

E-print Network

Carring's Medium Access Methods in Comparison to FDDI Marcel Wille, Harald Richter Institute marcel.wille Irichter@in.tu-clausthal.de Abslract - Carring is a cost-effective, reliable, real-time local arc8 network for cars that is based on a ring topology. Applications of Carring are mecbatronic

Zachmann, Gabriel

404

40 CFR 201.13 - Standard for rail car operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Standard for rail car operations. 201.13 Section 201...Standards § 201.13 Standard for rail car operations. Effective December 31...to this regulation shall operate any rail car or combination of rail cars which...

2010-07-01

405

49 CFR 218.80 - Movement of occupied camp cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Movement of occupied camp cars. 218.80 Section 218.80 Transportation...OPERATING PRACTICES Protection of Occupied Camp Cars § 218.80 Movement of occupied camp cars. Occupied cars may not be humped or flat...

2013-10-01

406

UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA WING EFFICIENCY OF RACE CARS  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA SANTA CRUZ WING EFFICIENCY OF RACE CARS A Thesis Submitted In Partial be seen through the introduction of the "race" car for automobile racing and the "sports" car for the everyday automotive enthusiast. By definition these two categories of cars fall under the umbrella

Belanger, David P.

407

49 CFR 218.80 - Movement of occupied camp cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Movement of occupied camp cars. 218.80 Section 218.80 Transportation...OPERATING PRACTICES Protection of Occupied Camp Cars § 218.80 Movement of occupied camp cars. Occupied cars may not be humped or flat...

2011-10-01

408

49 CFR 173.31 - Use of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Use of tank cars. 173.31 Section 173.31 Transportation...Transportation § 173.31 Use of tank cars. (a) General. (1) No person...hazardous material for transportation in a tank car unless the tank car meets the...

2011-10-01

409

40 CFR 201.13 - Standard for rail car operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-07-01 true Standard for rail car operations. 201.13 Section 201...Standards § 201.13 Standard for rail car operations. Effective December 31...to this regulation shall operate any rail car or combination of rail cars which...

2012-07-01

410

49 CFR 173.31 - Use of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 false Use of tank cars. 173.31 Section 173.31 Transportation...Transportation § 173.31 Use of tank cars. (a) General. (1) No person...hazardous material for transportation in a tank car unless the tank car meets the...

2013-10-01

411

40 CFR 201.13 - Standard for rail car operations.  

...2014-07-01 false Standard for rail car operations. 201.13 Section 201...Standards § 201.13 Standard for rail car operations. Effective December 31...to this regulation shall operate any rail car or combination of rail cars which...

2014-07-01

412

49 CFR 173.31 - Use of tank cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Use of tank cars. 173.31 Section 173.31 Transportation...Transportation § 173.31 Use of tank cars. (a) General. (1) No person...hazardous material for transportation in a tank car unless the tank car meets the...

2012-10-01

413

40 CFR 201.13 - Standard for rail car operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Standard for rail car operations. 201.13 Section 201...Standards § 201.13 Standard for rail car operations. Effective December 31...to this regulation shall operate any rail car or combination of rail cars which...

2013-07-01

414

Updated: January 2014 Vehicle Rentals Enterprise Rent-a-Car  

E-print Network

Updated: January 2014 Vehicle Rentals ­ Enterprise Rent-a-Car The contract between the University of Saskatchewan and Enterprise-Rent-a-Car is in effect until January 1, 2018. Contract Highlights 1. Free pick up efficient and alternate fuel cars are available in the Enterprise car fleet. 5. Vehicles rented

Peak, Derek

415

49 CFR 218.80 - Movement of occupied camp cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Movement of occupied camp cars. 218.80 Section 218.80 Transportation...OPERATING PRACTICES Protection of Occupied Camp Cars § 218.80 Movement of occupied camp cars. Occupied cars may not be humped or flat...

2012-10-01

416

49 CFR 238.311 - Single car test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Single car test. 238.311 Section 238.311 Transportation...Passenger Equipment § 238.311 Single car test. (a) Except for self-propelled passenger cars, single car tests of all passenger...

2012-10-01

417

49 CFR 238.311 - Single car test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Single car test. 238.311 Section 238.311 Transportation...Passenger Equipment § 238.311 Single car test. (a) Except for self-propelled passenger cars, single car tests of all passenger...

2013-10-01

418

49 CFR 218.80 - Movement of occupied camp cars.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Movement of occupied camp cars. 218.80 Section 218.80 Transportation...OPERATING PRACTICES Protection of Occupied Camp Cars § 218.80 Movement of occupied camp cars. Occupied cars may not be humped or flat...

2010-10-01

419

49 CFR 238.311 - Single car test.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Single car test. 238.311 Section 238.311 Transportation...Passenger Equipment § 238.311 Single car test. (a) Except for self-propelled passenger cars, single car tests of all passenger...

2010-10-01

420

40 CFR 201.13 - Standard for rail car operations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Standard for rail car operations. 201.13 Section 201...Standards § 201.13 Standard for rail car operations. Effective December 31...to this regulation shall operate any rail car or combination of rail cars which...

2011-07-01

421

Car-Park Occupancy Information System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drivers always face difficulty of finding available parking lot while entering into a huge parking area. A Car-Park Occupancy Information System (COINS) is perhaps a viable solution to reduce the amount of time needed to search for a vacant car-park lot especially in a huge parking area. With this system, images captured by a surveillance camera were processed in real-time

D. B. L. Bong; K. C. Ting; N. Rajaee

422

On Subalgebras of the Car-Algebra  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every nuclear unital separable C*-algebra A is unitally and completely isometrically ismorphic to the range of a unital completely positive projection on the CAR-algbra B = M2 ? M2 ? ···. Let C be a nuclearly imbeddable separable unital C*-algebra in the sense of Voiculescu [VO13]. Then there exists a C*-subalgebra E of the CAR-algebra B such that C is

E. Kirchberg

1995-01-01

423

Predicting Turning Points for Toy Cars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A simple experiment can be performed to estimate a toy car's effective coefficient of friction without the use of sophisticated equipment. The results can be used to predict the car's turning points when traveling on an arbitrarily shaped track containing multiple hills and valleys in a 2-D vertical plane. This activity is based on a team-oriented modeling-based project conducted at Clarkson University, which was published in the American Journal of Physics.

Ramsdell, M. W.; Wick, D. P.

2005-10-01

424

Predicting Turning Points for Toy Cars  

Microsoft Academic Search

A simple experiment can be performed to estimate a toy car's effective coefficient of friction without the use of sophisticated equipment. The results can be used to predict the car's turning points when traveling on an arbitrarily shaped track containing multiple hills and valleys in a 2-D vertical plane. This activity is based on a team-oriented modeling-based project conducted at

M. W. Ramsdell; D. P. Wick

2005-01-01

425

Analysis of car-3-en-5-hydroperoxide.  

PubMed

HRGC-MS, using split/splitless injection (230 degrees C), showed that a dioxygenase from Pleurotus sapidus regio-selectively transformed (+)-car-3-ene to car-3-en-5-one as the major volatile product to minor amounts of the corresponding alcohol, and to some other volatiles. Thus, the reaction was assumed to be radical mediated and similar to the lipoxygenase catalyzed peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids, but the expected car-3-ene-hydroperoxides were not detected. TLC of the reaction products, followed by hydroperoxide specific staining, visually indicated the presence of hydroperoxides. TLC spots were eluted and re-analyzed using cool on-column injection, but only tailing peaks showing a mixed mass spectrum of car-3-en-5-ol/one were obtained. An unequivocal identification of car-3-en-5-hydroperoxides was achieved only after using APCI(+)-LC-MS. Upon structural confirmation, the car-3-en-5-hydroperoxide was accumulated by preparative HPLC, re-injected cool on-column, and the continuing degradation of the hydroperoxide to monoterpene ketone and alcohol during chromatography was verified. It was concluded that terpene hydroperoxides may occur in essential oils more frequently than anticipated, but are not recognized due to the principal blindness of capillary gas chromatography techniques and UV/vis LC-detectors. PMID:21941881

Lehnert, Nicole; Krings, Ulrich; Berger, Ralf G

2011-09-01

426

49 CFR 231.8 - Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short side sills and end platforms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short side sills and end platforms. 231...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.8 Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short...

2013-10-01

427

49 CFR 231.8 - Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short side sills and end platforms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short side sills and end platforms. 231...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.8 Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short...

2011-10-01

428

49 CFR 231.8 - Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short side sills and end platforms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short side sills and end platforms. 231...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.8 Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short...

2010-10-01

429

49 CFR 231.8 - Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short side sills and end platforms.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short side sills and end platforms. 231...RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS § 231.8 Tank cars without side sills and tank cars with short...

2012-10-01

430

Are Weeds Hitchhiking a Ride on Your Car? A Systematic Review of Seed Dispersal on Cars  

PubMed Central

When traveling in cars, we can unintentionally carry and disperse weed seed; but which species, and where are they a problem? To answer these questions, we systematically searched the scientific literature to identify all original research studies that assess seed transported by cars and listed the species with seed on/in cars. From the 13 studies that fit these criteria, we found 626 species from 75 families that have seed that can be dispersed by cars. Of these, 599 are listed as weeds in some part of the world, with 439 listed as invasive or naturalized alien species in one or more European countries, 248 are invasive/noxious weeds in North America, 370 are naturalized alien species in Australia, 167 are alien species in India, 77 are invasive species in China and 23 are declared weeds/invaders in South Africa. One hundred and one are classified as internationally important environmental weeds. Although most (487) were only recorded once, some species such as Chenopodium album, Poa pratensis and Trifolium repens were common among studies. Perennial graminoids seem to be favoured over annual graminoids while annual forbs are favoured over perennial forbs. Species characteristics including seed size and morphology and where the plants grew affected the probability that their seed was transported by cars. Seeds can be found in many different places on cars including under the chassis, front and rear bumpers, wheel wells and rims, front and back mudguards, wheel arches, tyres and on interior floor mats. With increasing numbers of cars and expanding road networks in many regions, these results highlight the importance of cars as a dispersal mechanism, and how it may favour invasions by some species over others. Strategies to reduce the risk of seed dispersal by cars include reducing seed on cars by mowing road verges and cleaning cars. PMID:24265803

Ansong, Michael; Pickering, Catherine

2013-01-01

431

Are weeds hitchhiking a ride on your car? A systematic review of seed dispersal on cars.  

PubMed

When traveling in cars, we can unintentionally carry and disperse weed seed; but which species, and where are they a problem? To answer these questions, we systematically searched the scientific literature to identify all original research studies that assess seed transported by cars and listed the species with seed on/in cars. From the 13 studies that fit these criteria, we found 626 species from 75 families that have seed that can be dispersed by cars. Of these, 599 are listed as weeds in some part of the world, with 439 listed as invasive or naturalized alien species in one or more European countries, 248 are invasive/noxious weeds in North America, 370 are naturalized alien species in Australia, 167 are alien species in India, 77 are invasive species in China and 23 are declared weeds/invaders in South Africa. One hundred and one are classified as internationally important environmental weeds. Although most (487) were only recorded once, some species such as Chenopodium album, Poa pratensis and Trifolium repens were common among studies. Perennial graminoids seem to be favoured over annual graminoids while annual forbs are favoured over perennial forbs. Species characteristics including seed size and morphology and where the plants grew affected the probability that their seed was transported by cars. Seeds can be found in many different places on cars including under the chassis, front and rear bumpers, wheel wells and rims, front and back mudguards, wheel arches, tyres and on interior floor mats. With increasing numbers of cars and expanding road networks in many regions, these results highlight the importance of cars as a dispersal mechanism, and how it may favour invasions by some species over others. Strategies to reduce the risk of seed dispersal by cars include reducing seed on cars by mowing road verges and cleaning cars. PMID:24265803

Ansong, Michael; Pickering, Catherine

2013-01-01

432

Particle size separation via soil washing to obtain volume reduction.  

PubMed

A pilot-plant study was performed using a soil washing pilot plant originally designed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to demonstrate scale-up and potential full-scale remediation. This pilot plant named VORCE (Volume Reduction/Chemical Extraction) was modified to meet the specific requirements for treatment of the Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program (FUSRAP) and a Department of Energy site soils. After a series of tests on clean soils to develop operating parameters and system performance, the machine was used to treat soils, one contaminated with Thorium-232 and the other with Cesium-137. All indicate that soil washing is very promising for volume reduction treatment. In addition, cost data was generated and is given herein. PMID:10379032

Anderson, R; Rasor, E; Van Ryn, F

1999-04-23

433

Social prejudice hindering proper use of car safety seats.  

PubMed

The compliance of parents with child passenger safety (CPS) has been mainly explained by their level of knowledge. Social, ethnic and cultural factors have not been investigated in detail. This study investigated the rate of compliance of parents with CPS guidelines, as well as the factors hindering it. Parents of infants aged 2-10 days were enrolled. The proportions of families obtaining a car safety seat (CSS; 57%) and complying with CPS recommendations (2%) were very low. Most of the parents thought CSS were harmful for infants (mother, 57%; father, 63%), despite having already purchased one. Parents believed their children to be too small to use CSS and cannot sit in CSS because they should lie flat on their backs at all times. These prejudices may be due to the social and cultural circumstances specific to Turkey, or corresponding findings may be found in countries with similar socioeconomic status. PMID:24330293

Kanburoglu, Mehmet Kenan; Cizmeci, Mehmet Nevzat; Akelma, Ahmet Zulfikar; Orun, Emel; Yesilyurt, Kubra; Tatli, Mustafa Mansur

2013-12-01

434

Vibration-Flow, A New Method of Pellet Washing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This method replaced the “dunking” procedure used during field testing prior to Operation Nougat II in March 1962. The washer assembly consisted of a screen, 18 inches in diameter, placed in a spring-mounted sieving pan actuated by a reciprocating electric motor. The washing action was accomplished through a vibration-flow principle.Results obtained in initial testing and borne out by testing under

Harold M. Mork

1967-01-01

435

49 CFR 179.300 - General specifications applicable to multi-unit tank car tanks designed to be removed from car...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...General specifications applicable to multi-unit tank car tanks designed to be removed from car structure for filling and emptying (Classes DOT-106A...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS Specifications for Multi-Unit Tank Car...

2012-10-01

436

49 CFR 179.300 - General specifications applicable to multi-unit tank car tanks designed to be removed from car...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...General specifications applicable to multi-unit tank car tanks designed to be removed from car structure for filling and emptying (Classes DOT-106A...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS Specifications for Multi-Unit Tank Car...

2013-10-01

437

49 CFR 179.300 - General specifications applicable to multi-unit tank car tanks designed to be removed from car...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...General specifications applicable to multi-unit tank car tanks designed to be removed from car structure for filling and emptying (Classes DOT-106A...TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED) SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS Specifications for Multi-Unit Tank Car...

2011-10-01

438

49 CFR 179.300 - General specifications applicable to multi-unit tank car tanks designed to be removed from car...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...General specifications applicable to multi-unit tank car tanks designed to be removed from car structure for filling and emptying (Classes DOT-106A...MATERIALS REGULATIONS SPECIFICATIONS FOR TANK CARS Specifications for Multi-Unit Tank Car...

2010-10-01

439

Human Subtelomeric WASH Genes Encode a New Subclass of the WASP Family  

PubMed Central

Subtelomeres are duplication-rich, structurally variable regions of the human genome situated just proximal of telomeres. We report here that the most terminally located human subtelomeric genes encode a previously unrecognized third subclass of the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein family, whose known members reorganize the actin cytoskeleton in response to extracellular stimuli. This new subclass, which we call WASH, is evolutionarily conserved in species as diverged as Entamoeba. We demonstrate that WASH is essential in Drosophila. WASH is widely expressed in human tissues, and human WASH protein colocalizes with actin in filopodia and lamellipodia. The VCA domain of human WASH promotes actin polymerization by the Arp2/3 complex in vitro. WASH duplicated to multiple chromosomal ends during primate evolution, with highest copy number reached in humans, whose WASH repertoires vary. Thus, human subtelomeres are not genetic junkyards, and WASH's location in these dynamic regions could have advantageous as well as pathologic consequences. PMID:18159949

Linardopoulou, Elena V; Parghi, Sean S; Friedman, Cynthia; Osborn, Gregory E; Parkhurst, Susan M; Trask, Barbara J

2007-01-01

440

33 CFR 157.150 - Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual: Recording information after inspections.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual: Recording...MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels...

2013-07-01

441

33 CFR 157.160 - Tanks: Ballasting and crude oil washing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Tanks: Ballasting and crude oil washing. 157.160 Section 157.160 Navigation...MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow...

2013-07-01

442

33 CFR 157.160 - Tanks: Ballasting and crude oil washing.  

...2014-07-01 false Tanks: Ballasting and crude oil washing. 157.160 Section 157.160 Navigation...MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Cow...

2014-07-01

443

33 CFR 157.138 - Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual.  

... 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual. 157.138...MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels Design,...

2014-07-01

444

33 CFR 157.150 - Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual: Recording information after inspections.  

... 2 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Crude Oil Washing Operations and Equipment Manual: Recording...MARINE ENVIRONMENT RELATING TO TANK VESSELS CARRYING OIL IN BULK Crude Oil Washing (COW) System on Tank Vessels...

2014-07-01

445

Study Finds Hospital Patients Don't Wash Their Hands Enough  

MedlinePLUS

... please enable JavaScript. Study Finds Hospital Patients Don't Wash Their Hands Enough More education needed about ... Oct. 9, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Hospital patients don't wash their hands often, even when they use ...

446

7 CFR 58.711 - Cheddar, colby, washed or soaked curd, granular or stirred curd cheese.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...colby, washed or soaked curd, granular or stirred curd cheese. 58.711 Section 58.711 Agriculture Regulations...colby, washed or soaked curd, granular or stirred curd cheese. Cheese, used in the manufacture of pasteurized process...

2010-01-01

447

Photoreduction and Photophosphorylation with Tris-Washed Chloroplasts 1  

PubMed Central

The artificial electron donor compounds p-phenylenediamine (PD), N, N, N?, N?-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine (TMPD), and 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol (DCPIP) restored the Hill reaction and photophosphorylation in chloroplasts that had been inhibited by washing with 0.8 m tris (hydroxymethyl) aminomethane (tris) buffer, pH 8.0. The tris-wash treatment inhibited the electron transport chain between water and photosystem II and electron donation occurred between the site of inhibition and photosystem II. Photoreduction of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP) supported by 33 ?m PD plus 330 ?m ascorbate was largely inhibited by 1 ?m 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU) while that supported by 33 ?m TMPD or DCPIP plus ascorbate was relatively insensitive to DCMU. Experiments with the tris-washed chloroplasts indicated that electron donors preferentially donate electrons to photosystem II but in the presence of DCMU the donors (with the exception of PD at low concentrations) could also supply electrons after the DCMU block. The PD-supported photoreduction of NADP showed the relative inefficiency in far-red light characteristic of chloroplast reactions requiring photosystem II. With phosphorylating systems involving electron donors at low concentrations (33 ?m donor plus 330 ?m ascorbate) photophosphorylation, which occurred with P/e2 ratios approaching unity, was completely inhibited by DCMU but with higher concentrations of the donor systems, photophosphorylation was only partially inhibited. PMID:5725601

Yamashita, Takashi; Butler, Warren L.

1968-01-01

448

Evaluation of soil washing for radiologically contaminated soils  

SciTech Connect

Soil washing has been applied internationally to decontaminate soils due to the widespread increase in environmental awareness manifested in the United States by promulgation of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, yet we continue to lack understanding on why the technique works in one application and not in another. A soil washing process typically integrates a variety of modules, each designed to decontaminate the matrix by destroying a particular phase or segregating a particle size fraction in which the contaminants are concentrated. The more known about how the contaminants are fixed, the more likely the process will succeed. Much can be learned from bioavailability studies on heavy metals in soils. Sequential extraction experiments designed to destroy one fixation mechanism at a time can be used to determine how contaminants are bound. This knowledge provides a technical basis for designing a processing strategy to efficiently decontaminate soil while creating a minimum of secondary wastes. In this study, a soil from the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory was physically and chemically characterized, then sequentially extracted to determine if soil washing could be effectively used to remove cesium, cobalt and chromium.

Gombert, D. II

1994-03-01

449

PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT OF CAR-TO-CAR AD-HOC NETWORKS IN THE REAL WORLD  

E-print Network

the point of view of mobility. Moreover, because the inter-vehicle networks must be wireless new telematics protocols. For this reason, many telematics companies try to develop the wireless network system@sogang.ac.kr Keywords: Ad-hoc networks, Car-to-car networks, Inter-vehicle Communications, Wireless LAN. Abstract

Jang, Ju-Wook

450

Vertical Marketing as a Model of Cooperation Between Car Manufacturers and Car Trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last element of the marketing mix is the distribution and marketing channels in the automotive industry, which determine how cars will arrive at customers and end users through sales and distribution activities. Car manufacturers, regardless of how their product was excellent, must provide this value to its customers carefully selecting partners in the channel, because if its agents have

Zeljko Sudaric

2011-01-01

451

Gasoline-powered series hybrid cars cause lower life cycle carbon emissions than battery cars  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Battery cars powered by grid electricity promise reduced life cycle green house gas (GHG) emissions from the automotive sector. Such scenarios usually point to the much higher emissions from conventional, internal combustion engine cars. However, today's commercially available series hybrid technology achieves the well known efficiency gains in electric drivetrains (regenerative breaking, lack of gearbox) even if the electricity is generated onboard, from conventional fuels. Here, we analyze life cycle GHG emissions for commercially available, state-of the-art plug-in battery cars (e.g. Nissan Leaf) and those of commercially available series hybrid cars (e.g., GM Volt, at same size and performance). Crucially, we find that series hybrid cars driven on (fossil) gasoline cause fewer emissions (126g CO2eq per km) than battery cars driven on current US grid electricity (142g CO2eq per km). We attribute this novel finding to the significant incremental emissions from plug-in battery cars due to losses during grid transmission and battery dis-/charging, and manufacturing larger batteries. We discuss crucial implications for strategic policy decisions towards a low carbon automotive sector as well as relative land intensity when powering cars by biofuel vs. bioelectricity.

Meinrenken, Christoph; Lackner, Klaus S.

2012-02-01

452

Study of Soil Washing for Remediation of Pb and Zn Contaminated Coastal Landfill  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a result of analyzing the pre-treatment process of Pb, Zn in contaminated coastal landfill soil presented by Korean Soil Analysis Method, the each concentration was presented 577.00mg/kg, 3894.34mg/kg. This soil was critically contaminated with Pb and Zn because it was exceeded the Standard of soil contamination(2area: Pb-400mg/kg, Zn-600mg/kg). Soil remediation efficiency of the soil washing process for the removal of Pb and Zn was determined to be consistent with the results. The batch experiment on the several washing solutions(HCl, HNO3), washing solutions concentrations(0.1-0.8M) and the ratio of soil vs. solution for soil washing(1:3, 1:5 and 1:10) was performed. The results of experiments, washing time was appropriate in 30 minutes. The removal efficiency of soil washing increased as the ratio of soil vs. washing solution increased. But, in the case of heavy metals, the soil vs. solution for soil washing was determined as the optimal ratio of 1 : 5. Five consecutive soil washing with 0.5M of HCl and HNO3 solutions were performed. Results of experiments, in case of Pb was removed by target removal efficiency from soil on the twice washing. With in case of Zn was over on the first washing by target removal efficiency, but suggesting that twice consecutive soil washing is desirable as stability at field. Results of consecutive soil washing experiments, the removal efficiency maintained lower than 10 % after the 4th washing. From the results, demanding consecutive washing is not recommended. Results about the heavy metal contaminated soil washing experiments of the coastal landfill, in the case of HCl with more than 0.5 M of solution was performed at 1:5 of soil ratio vs. solution, 30 minutes of washing time and 2-3 consecutive soil washing. And in the case of HNO3 with 0.8 M of solution was performed various ratios of soil vs. washing solution, suggesting that 2-3 consecutive soil washing was reached to Pb and Zn target removal efficiency. Key words : landfill soil; washing solution; heavy metal contamination; soil remediation; soil washing; soil contamination

Park, S.; Kim, S.; Lee, M.

2013-12-01

453

The Las Vegas Wash: A Changing Urban Commons in a Changing Urban Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Las Vegas Wash, a 12-mile natural wash, provides the primary drainage for Las Vegas, NV, the fastest growing metropolitan area in the U.S. Sewage effluent from three treatment plants, resurfacing groundwater, and stormwater travel through the wash to Lake Mead. The population of the drainage area has grown from a few people at the turn of the century, to

Krystyna A. Stave; Lesley R. Armijo

2000-01-01

454

21 CFR 864.9285 - Automated cell-washing centrifuge for immuno-hematology.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Automated cell-washing centrifuge for immuno-hematology...Blood Products § 864.9285 Automated cell-washing centrifuge for immuno-hematology. (a) Identification. An automated cell-washing centrifuge for...

2010-04-01

455

Effect of holding and washing on the quality of goat semen  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 18 pooled semen samples collected from 4 healthy crossbred (Beetal×Assam Local) bucks, twice weekly for a period of 12 weeks, were processed via three processing methods, viz. Method I (holding after washing: semen sample was washed twice, extended, held for 0, 1, 3 and 5h and preserved), Method II (washing after holding: semen sample held for 0,

Rafiqul Islam; K. Ahmed; B. C. Deka

2006-01-01

456

Effect of washing and feedstock size of oil palm empty fruit bunches in acid hydrolysis studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water washing of raw samples was carried out to determine its effect on the acid hydrolysis process used for producing sugars from EFB. The results showed that sugar yield obtained from washed EFB is more reflective of the actual conversion rate compared to unwashed EFB. Sugar yields were 24.6 % for washed samples and 13 % for unwashed samples. Also

C. L. Sia; K. O. Lim; T. T. Teng

2009-01-01

457

Testing the Effects of Social Norms and Behavioral Privacy on Hand Washing: A Field Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2-part study examines the influence of normative messages on college males' hand washing perceptions and behaviors. Study 1 tests for the appropriateness of hand washing as a target of social norms campaigns and tests messages designed to change perceived descriptive norms. Results indicated that hand washing behavior is appropriate for health…

Lapinski, Maria Knight; Maloney, Erin K.; Braz, Mary; Shulman, Hillary C.

2013-01-01

458

SEPARATION OF HAZARDOUS ORGANICS BY LOW PRESSURE MEMBRANES: TREATMENT OF SOIL-WASH RINSE WATER LEACHATES  

EPA Science Inventory

Soil washing is a promising technology for treating contaminated soils. n the present work, low-pressure, thin-film composite membranes were evaluated to treat he soil-wash leachates so that the treated water could be recycled back to the soil washing step. Experiments were done ...

459

Forearm wash test to evaluate the clinical mildness of cleansing products  

Microsoft Academic Search

A forearm wash test was developed to differentiate the mildness of personal cleansing products, e.g., bar soaps. The wash protocol was derived from habit information and by observation of actual wash situations. The method was found to be sensitive enough to discriminate differences in bar composition such as tallow\\/coconut ratio, presence of super fitting, and type of synthetic surfactant. There

MICHAEL F. LUKACOVIC; FRANK E. DUNLAP; SCOTT E. MICHAELS; MARTHA O. VISSCHER

460

Mobility of Metals Remaining in the Soils Treated by Edta Washing or\\/and Chemical Stabilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study discusses the feasibility of sequential combination of soil washing and chemical stabilization, through investigating the metal mobility in the treated soils. Results indicate that the washing can facilitate to chemically stabilize metals, if the soil has substantial labile fractions to be removed by washing. However, if the labile metal fraction is negligible, an opposite effect is often observed.

Weihua Zhang; Yuan Yuan; Lizhi Tong; Luwen Zhuang; Hao Huang; Zhiyong Liu

2010-01-01

461

Characterization, Washing, Leaching, and Filtration of C-104 Sludge  

SciTech Connect

Approximately 1,400 g of wet Hanford Tank C-104 Sludge was evaluated by Battelle for the high-level waste (HLW) pretreatment processes of ultrafiltration, dilute caustic washing, and elevated-temperature caustic leaching. The filterability of diluted C-104 sludge was measured with a 0.1-{micro}m sintered metal Mott filter using a 24-inch-long, single-element, crossflow filtration system (cells unit filter [CUF]). While the filtrate was being recirculated prior to washing and leaching, a 6.9 wt% solids slurry was evaluated with a matrix of seven 1-hour conditions of varying trans-membrane pressure (30 to 70 psid) and axial velocity (9 to 15 ft/s). The filtrate flux and backpulse efficiency were determined for each condition. The slurry was concentrated to 23 wt% solids, a second matrix of six 1-hour conditions was performed, and data analogous to that recorded in the first matrix were obtained. The low-solids-concentration matrix produced filtrate flux rates that ranged from 0.038 to 0.083 gpm/ft{sup 2}. The high-solids-concentration matrix produced filtrate flux rates that ranged from 0.0095 to 0.0172 gpm/ft{sup 2}. In both cases, the optimum filtrate flux was at the highest axial velocity (15 ft/s) and transmembrane pressure had little effect. Nearly all of the measured filtrate fluxes were more than an order of magnitude greater than the required plant flux for C-104 of 0.00126 gpm/ft{sup 2}. In both matrices, the filtrate flux appeared to be proportional to axial velocity, and the permeability appeared to be inversely proportional to the trans-membrane pressure. The first test condition was repeated as the last test condition for each matrix. In both cases, there was a significant decrease in filtrate flux, indicating some filter fouling during the test matrix that could not be removed by backpulsing alone, although the backpulse number and duration were not optimized. Following testing of these two matrices, the material was washed within the CUF by continuously adding approximately 5 L of 0.01-M NaOH and then removing it through the filter as permeate. The purpose of this washing step with 0.01-MNaOH was to remove water-soluble components that might inhibit dissolution of salts during caustic leaching, while avoiding peptization of the solids that occurs at a pH below 12. After washing the sludge with dilute caustic, it was combined with 3-M caustic, and the slurry was leached in a stainless steel vessel at 85 C for 8 hours. This leaching was followed by two 0.01-M caustic washes, each conducted in a stainless steel vessel to dilute remaining analytes from the interstitial liquids. Each rinse was performed at 85 C for 8 hours. Permeate from each of these process steps was removed using the crossflow filter system. Samples of the permeate from each slurry-washing activity and all intermediate process steps were taken and analyzed for chemical and radiochemical constituents. The fraction of each component removed was calculated. Key results are presented in Table S.1.

KP Brooks; PR Bredt; GR Golcar; SA Hartley; LK Jagoda; KG Rappe; MW Urie

2000-06-09

462

Dynamic of car ownership and car use in France since the 1960s ROUX, Sophie; ARMOOGUM, Jimmy; MADRE, Jean-Loup  

E-print Network

Dynamic of car ownership and car use in France since the 1960s ROUX, Sophie; ARMOOGUM, Jimmy; MADRE, Jean-Loup DYNAMIC OF CAR OWNERSHIP AND CAR USE IN FRANCE SINCE THE 1960S ROUX Sophie Institut national)" #12;Dynamic of car ownership and car use in France since the 1960s ROUX, Sophie; ARMOOGUM, Jimmy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

463

Analysis of a model race car  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyze the motion of a gravity powered model race car on a downhill track of variable slope. Using a simple algebraic function to approximate the height of the track as a function of the distance along the track, and taking account of the rotational energy of the wheels, rolling friction, and air resistance, we obtain analytic expressions for the velocity and time of the car as functions of the distance traveled along the track. Photogates are used to measure the time at selected points along the track, and the measured values are in excellent agreement with the values predicted from theory. The design and analysis of model race cars provides a good application of principles of mechanics and suggests interesting projects for classes in introductory and intermediate mechanics.

Coletta, Vincent P.; Evans, Jonathan

2008-10-01

464

ChemMatCARS Data Archive  

DOE Data Explorer

ChemMatCARS is a high-brilliance national synchrotron x-ray facility dedicated primarily to static and dynamic condensed matter chemistry and materials science. The scientific focus of the facility includes the study of surface and interfacial properties of liquids and solids as well as their bulk structure at atomic, molecular and mesoscopic length scales with high spatial and energy resolution. Experimental techniques supported by the facility include: 1) Liquid Surface X-ray Scattering; 2) Solid Surface X-ray Scattering; 3) Time-Resolved Crystallography; 4) Micro-Crystal Diffraction; 5) Small and Wide-angle X-ray Scattering. The data archive referenced here contains data for various components along the beamline within the First Optics Enclosure and is intended to be input or parameter data. See the Science Nuggets at http://cars9.uchicago.edu/chemmat/pages/nuggets.html for leads to some of the research conducted at the ChemMatCARS beamline.

465

Track-train dynamics. [railroad car design  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this paper is to outline one of the serious dynamic problems involving railroad cars and to propose an orderly approach to the definition of a dynamic model through analysis and testing that can be used to investigate various fixes. The problem in question is the hunting phenomenon involving lateral instability of the car suspension (trucks). This phenomenon has been recognized as a major contributing factor in a significant number of derailments causing millions of dollars in losses. This paper expounds on the mechanics and characteristics of hunting. The planned solution is outlined as a building block approach directed at formulating a test verified dynamic model of an open hopper freight car-truck assembly. Results obtained to date are presented together with conclusions related to the program.

Abbott, P. W.; Morosow, G.; Macpherson, J.

1975-01-01

466

Evolutionary pulse shaping in CARS signal enhancement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss the role of evolutionary adaptive algorithms in shaping femtosecond pulses with an eye toward their use in the quantum control of optical properties. In particular, we report preliminary results from an ongoing attempt to implement the recently proposed FAST CARS technique for the detection and identification of bacterial spores. In the initail phase of this project, we are studying the CARS signal from a deuterated water (D2O) solution of Dipicolinic Acid (DPA), which is an important constituent of the spores. enhancement of the CARS intensity associated with the DPA vibrational resonance at ~ 3000cm-1. This effect is weak, but significant. It is premature to ascribe it to any particular mechanism, but its detection encourages its optimization by searching the space of all possible pulse shapes via an evolutionary feedback algorithm.

Mehendale, Manjusha; Bosacchi, Bruno; Warren, Warren S.; Scully, Marlan O.

2004-01-01

467

Efficacy of plant-derived antimicrobials as antimicrobial wash treatments for reducing enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 on apples.  

PubMed

This study investigated the efficacy of 3 GRAS-status, plant-derived antimicrobials (PDAs), trans-cinnamaldehyde (TC), carvacrol (CR), and ?-resorcylic acid (BR) applied as an antimicrobial wash for killing Escherichia coli O157:H7 on apples. "Red delicious" apples inoculated with a 5 strain mixture of E. coli O157:H7 were subjected to washing in sterile deionized water containing 0% PDA (control), 0.15% TC, 0.35% TC, 0.15% CR, 0.30% CR, 0.5% BR, or 1% BR for 1, 3, and 5 min at 23 °C in the presence and absence of 1% soil, and surviving pathogen populations on apples were enumerated at each specified time. All PDAs were more effective in reducing E. coli O157:H7 compared to the water wash treatment (P < 0.05) and reduced the pathogen by 4- to 5-log CFU/apple in 5 min. Chlorine (1%) was the most effective treatment reducing the pathogen on apples to undetectable levels in 1 min (P < 0.05). Moreover, the antimicrobial effect of CR and BR was not affected by the presence of soil, whereas the efficacy of TC and BR was decreased in the presence of soil. Further, no bacteria were detected in the wash solution containing CR and BR; however, E. coli O157:H7 was recovered in the control wash water and treatment solutions containing TC and chlorine, in the presence of 1% soil (P < 0.05). Results suggest that the aforementioned PDAs, especially CR and BR could be used effectively to kill E. coli O157:H7 on apples when used as a wash treatment. Studies on the sensory and quality characteristics of apples treated with PDAs are needed before recommending their usage. PMID:24024692

Baskaran, Sangeetha Ananda; Upadhyay, Abhinav; Kollanoor-Johny, Anup; Upadhyaya, Indu; Mooyottu, Shankumar; Roshni Amalaradjou, Mary Anne; Schreiber, David; Venkitanarayanan, Kumar

2013-09-01

468

Passenger car size and driver seat belt use.  

PubMed Central

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) claims, on the basis of survey results, that seat belt use in small cars is twice as high as in large cars. The agency interprets this as being due in part to perceptions of higher risk by small car occupants. In fact, little is known about the factors motivating belt use, including whether risk perception is important. A reanalysis of the NHTSA data indicates that most of the differences in belt use by car size can be explained by higher use in imported cars, and by geographical differences in belt use in domestic cars. PMID:6837826

O'Neill, B; Williams, A F; Karpf, R S

1983-01-01

469

75 FR 67383 - Extension of the Designation of Somalia for Temporary Protected Status  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...also contact the TPS Operations Program Manager, Status and Family Branch, Service Center Operations Directorate, U.S. Citizenship...kidnapping, looting, revenge killings, targeted assassinations, suicide car-bombings, and inter-clan fighting. A total of...

2010-11-02

470

Implementation of Endomorphisms of the CAR Algebra  

E-print Network

The implementation of non-surjective Bogoliubov transformations in Fock states over CAR algebras is investigated. Such a transformation is implementable by a Hilbert space of isometries if and only if the well-known Shale-Stinespring condition is met. In this case, the dimension of the implementing Hilbert space equals the square root of the Watatani index of the associated inclusion of CAR algebras, and both are determined by the Fredholm index of the corresponding one-particle operator. Explicit expressions for the implementing operators are obtained, and the connected components of the semigroup of implementable transformations are described.

Carsten Binnenhei

1997-01-10

471

A-CED Buying a Car  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Suppose a friend tells you she paid a total of \\$16,368 for a car, and you'd like to know the car's list price (the price before taxes) so that you can...

472

Physicochemical Quality and Chemical Safety of Chlorine as a Reconditioning Agent and Wash Water Disinfectant for Fresh-Cut Lettuce Washing  

PubMed Central

Chlorine was assessed as a reconditioning agent and wash water disinfectant in the fresh-cut produce industry. Artificial fresh-cut lettuce wash water, made from butterhead lettuce, was used for the experiments. In the reconditioning experiments, chlorine was added to artificial wash water inoculated with Escherichia coli O157 (6 log CFU/ml). Regression models were constructed based on the inactivation data and validated in actual wash water from leafy vegetable processing companies. The model that incorporated chlorine dose and chemical oxygen demand (COD) of the wash water accurately predicted inactivation. Listeria monocytogenes was more resistant to chlorine reconditioning in artificial wash water than Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli O157. During the washing process with inoculated lettuce (4 log CFU/g), in the absence of chlorine, there was a rapid microbial buildup in the water that accumulated to 5.4 ± 0.4 log CFU/100 ml after 1 h. When maintaining a residual concentration of 1 mg/liter free chlorine, wash water contamination was maintained below 2.7, 2.5, and 2.5 log CFU/100 ml for tap water and artificial process water with COD values of 500 and 1,000 mg O2/liter, respectively. A model was developed to predict water contamination during the dynamic washing process. Only minor amounts of total trihalomethanes were formed in the water during reconditioning. Total trihalomethanes accumulated to larger amounts in the water during the wash water disinfection experiments and reached 124.5 ± 13.4 ?g/liter after 1 h of execution of the washing process in water with a COD of 1,000 mg O2/liter. However, no total trihalomethanes were found on the fresh-cut lettuce after rinsing. PMID:23396332

Van Haute, Sam; Holvoet, Kevin; Uyttendaele, Mieke

2013-01-01

473

Geomorphology of Upper Palm Wash, Anza Borrego Desert, California  

SciTech Connect

The Anza Borrego Desert has many geomorphic features to attract the attention of earth scientists. Deep, narrow stream channels, cut into Tertiary sedimentary rocks exposed west of the Salton Sea, have reaches that are almost devoid of alluvium and therefore are unprotected from the erosive work of running water. The usually dry, relatively small channels provide a microcosm in which to study desert landforms and processes associated with stream erosion and canyon formation. The processes and characteristics associated with these channels in Palm Wash are described in this article. 7 references.

Clarke, A.O.; Hansen, C.L.

1988-05-01

474

Preventing Water Pollution Tips for Vehicle Washing and Detailing Businesses  

E-print Network

Vehicle washing and detailing practices can produce: • soaps and cleaners • oil and antifreeze • dirt and grease • metals If these pollutants reach waterways, they can cause significant water pollution problems. YOU can prevent that. Standing on the edge of a storm drain is like standing on the shore of a stream. Stormwater carries pollutants that harm aquatic life and impact swimming and fishing. According to the Washington State Department of Ecology, stormwater is the number one source of water pollution in the urban areas of Western Washington. Thousands of small spills from many of us add up to our biggest pollution problem.

Stormwater Bmps For The Automotive

475

Assessment of Hand Washing Facilities, Personal Hygiene and the Bacteriological Quality of Hand Washes in Some Grocery and Dairy Shops in Alexandria, Egypt  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food produced with satisfactory hygienic standards is one of the essential conditions for promoting and preserving health. A total of 15 grocery and dairy shops were randomly selected from Alexandria, Egypt to assess their hand washing facilities and personal hygiene of food handlers using a pre-designed sanitation checklist. Also the bacteriological profile of the handlers' hand washes was determined. Only

Mohamed Fawzi; Naglaa F. Gomaa; Wafaa M. K. Bakr

476

35. BOILER HOUSE, TRACK FOR COAL CARS LEADING TO COAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. BOILER HOUSE, TRACK FOR COAL CARS LEADING TO COAL TOWER No. 2 (NOTE: SKYLIGHT ABOVE; COAL CARS IN FAR BACKGROUND) - Delaware County Electric Company, Chester Station, Delaware River at South end of Ward Street, Chester, Delaware County, PA

477

15. CAR DUMP BUILDING, DETAIL SHOWING GRATES OVER COAL BINS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. CAR DUMP BUILDING, DETAIL SHOWING GRATES OVER COAL BINS AND CABLES UNDER CAR DUMP CONTROL HOUSE - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

478

26. VIEW OF TAINTER GATE HOIST CAR (LEFT FOREGROUND), BULKHEAD ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

26. VIEW OF TAINTER GATE HOIST CAR (LEFT FOREGROUND), BULKHEAD HOIST CAR (LEFT BACKGROUND) AND FLATCAR ON DAM BRIDGE, LOOKING EAST - Upper Mississippi River 9-Foot Channel Project, Lock & Dam No. 5, Minneiska, Winona County, MN

479

Are Consumers Myopic? Evidence from New and Used Car Purchases  

E-print Network

We investigate whether car buyers are myopic about future fuel costs. We estimate the effect of gasoline prices on short-run equilibrium prices of cars of different fuel economies. We then compare the implied changes in ...

Busse, Meghan R

480

FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Production Technical Team  

E-print Network

freedom of mobility and freedom of vehicle choice. In FreedomCAR, "CAR" stands for cooperative automotive research. The word "Freedom" frames the partnership's principles, which are freedom: from dependence

481

11. VIEW OF CIRCULAR CAR SHOP OVER TOPS OF BOX ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. VIEW OF CIRCULAR CAR SHOP OVER TOPS OF BOX CARS LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Shops, South side of Pratt Street between Carey & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

482

3. GENERAL VIEW OF PASSENGER CAR SHOP; RAILROAD TRACKS IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. GENERAL VIEW OF PASSENGER CAR SHOP; RAILROAD TRACKS IN FOREGROUND - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Passenger Car Shop, Southwest corner of Pratt & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

483

CAR MACHINE SHOP, SECOND FLOOR, LYE TANKS FOR CLEANING METAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

CAR MACHINE SHOP, SECOND FLOOR, LYE TANKS FOR CLEANING METAL PRIOR TO PLATING, LOOKING SOUTH FROM ATTIC. - Southern Pacific, Sacramento Shops, Car Machine Shop, 111 I Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

484

More Children Hit by Cars in September, Experts Say  

MedlinePLUS

... page, please enable JavaScript. More Children Hit by Cars in September, Experts Say Drivers and students need ... 2014 (HealthDay News) -- More children are hit by cars during September than any other month of the ...

485

33. VAL, DETAIL OF PERSONNEL CAR AT THE TOP OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. VAL, DETAIL OF PERSONNEL CAR AT THE TOP OF THE COUNTERWEIGHT SLAB WITH THE COUNTERWEIGHT CAR IN DISTANCE LOOKING NORTH. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Variable Angle Launcher, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

486

14. AERIAL VIEW OF ENGINE DISPLAY INSIDE PASSENGER CAR SHOP ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. AERIAL VIEW OF ENGINE DISPLAY INSIDE PASSENGER CAR SHOP (NOW A TRANSPORTATION MUSEUM) - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Passenger Car Shop, Southwest corner of Pratt & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

487

31. REAR OF CAR BARN DURING RECONSTRUCTION: Photocopy of July ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

31. REAR OF CAR BARN DURING RECONSTRUCTION: Photocopy of July 1908 photograph showing west rear of powerhouse and car barn. View from the north. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

488

23. POWELLTYPE CAR THROUGH GRIP REMOVAL DOOR: View looking through ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. POWELL-TYPE CAR THROUGH GRIP REMOVAL DOOR: View looking through grip removal door into interior of a Powell-type cable car. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

489

5. CAR DUMP, VIEW SHOWING STRUCTURAL DETAIL BELOW CONTROL HOUSE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. CAR DUMP, VIEW SHOWING STRUCTURAL DETAIL BELOW CONTROL HOUSE, BARNEY CAR CAN BE SEEN IN BACKROUND - Pennsylvania Railroad, Canton Coal Pier, Clinton Street at Keith Avenue (Canton area), Baltimore, Independent City, MD

490

20. TURNTABLE WITH CABLE CAR BAY & TAYLOR: View ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. TURNTABLE WITH CABLE CAR - BAY & TAYLOR: View to northwest of the Bay and Taylor turntable. The gripman and conductor are turning the car around. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

491

CAR MACHINE SHOP, SECOND FLOOR, LYE TANKS FOR CLEANING METAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

CAR MACHINE SHOP, SECOND FLOOR, LYE TANKS FOR CLEANING METAL PRIOR TO PLATING, LOOKING SOUTHWEST FROM ATTIC. - Southern Pacific, Sacramento Shops, Car Machine Shop, 111 I Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

492

CAR MACHINE SHOP, FIRST FLOOR, DETAIL OF WOOD COLUMN AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

CAR MACHINE SHOP, FIRST FLOOR, DETAIL OF WOOD COLUMN AND INVERTED KING-POST TRUSS TO PROVIDE INCREASED SPAN BETWEEN COLUMNS, LOOKING SOUTH. - Southern Pacific, Sacramento Shops, Car Machine Shop, 111 I Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

493

CAR MACHINE SHOP, SECOND FLOOR, PAINT SPRAY ROOM EXTERIOR AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

CAR MACHINE SHOP, SECOND FLOOR, PAINT SPRAY ROOM EXTERIOR AND ATTIC FLOOR SUPPORT COLUMNS AND BEAMS, LOOKING WEST. - Southern Pacific, Sacramento Shops, Car Machine Shop, 111 I Street, Sacramento, Sacramento County, CA

494

8. VAL CAMERA CAR, CLOSEUP VIEW OF 'FLARE' OR TRAJECTORY ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. VAL CAMERA CAR, CLOSE-UP VIEW OF 'FLARE' OR TRAJECTORY CAMERA ON SLIDING MOUNT. - Variable Angle Launcher Complex, Camera Car & Track, CA State Highway 39 at Morris Reservior, Azusa, Los Angeles County, CA

495

35. EAST FRONT OF POWERHOUSE AND CAR BARN: East front ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

35. EAST FRONT OF POWERHOUSE AND CAR BARN: East front of powerhouse and car barn. 'Annex' is right end of building. - San Francisco Cable Railway, Washington & Mason Streets, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

496

Want to Stay Slim? Leave the Car at Home  

MedlinePLUS

... enable JavaScript. Want to Stay Slim? Leave the Car at Home Driving to work, rather than walking, ... WEDNESDAY, Aug. 20, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Leaving the car at home and getting to work by walking, ...

497

Paint shop, coach shop, car shop, and blacksmith shop (all ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Paint shop, coach shop, car shop, and blacksmith shop (all car department), all north of the roadhouse and locomotive shops. Photographed between 1880 and 1888 - Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, Roundhouse & Shops, Broadway & Spring Streets, Aurora, Kane County, IL

498

10. VIEW OF BOILER SHOP FROM TOP OF BOX CAR ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. VIEW OF BOILER SHOP FROM TOP OF BOX CAR WITH CIRCULAR CAR SHOP IN BACKGROUND LOOKING NORTHEAST. - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Mount Clare Shops, South side of Pratt Street between Carey & Poppleton Streets, Baltimore, Independent City, MD

499

In and around the Car: Heatstroke  

MedlinePLUS

... a slow, weak pulse Nausea Confusion or strange behavior Prevent Child Heatstroke in Cars Even great parents can forget a child in the back seat, ... Get Involved Find and share campaign information for parents, caregivers, schools and organizations: Get ... Fact Sheets Flyers Logos Other helpful material

500

The passenger car and the greenhouse effect  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports that concern is mounting over the possibility of global warming from the greenhouse effect. Carbon dioxide from the combustion of fossil fuel is a major greenhouse gas, and automobile exhaust is one of the contributors. The only way to decrease carbon dioxide emissions from a car consuming carbonaceous fuel is to decrease its fuel consumption. The best

1990-01-01