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Sample records for cellulitis

  1. Cellulitis

    MedlinePLUS

    Skin infection - bacterial ... are the most common causes of cellulitis. Normal skin has many types of bacteria living on it. When there is a break in the skin, these bacteria can cause a skin infection. Skin ...

  2. Periorbital cellulitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and the eyeball itself. This infection is called orbital cellulitis . ... Wald ER. Periorbital and orbital infections. In: Long SS, ed. Principles and Practice of Pediatric Infectious Diseases . 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2012:chap ...

  3. Orbital cellulitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... be needed to drain the abscess , or relieve pressure in the space around the eye. An orbital cellulitis infection can get worse very quickly. A person with this condition must be checked every few hours.

  4. [Veins and cellulitis].

    PubMed

    Vilain, R

    1985-01-01

    There is no relation between what French women call "cellulitis" and the venous problems of genetic origin. It may be that cellulitis is the name given to those extra kilos, to mild obesity, to fatty deposits on the thighs and buttocks (sub-trochanteric and crural steatomeries: "jodhpurs"); the point is that cellulitis is apparent, either immediately or on pinching the skin, as an orange-peel pitting. This problem exteriorises the lobular structure of the surface fat. This derives from excessively large lobules, cutaneous relaxation, or excessive pressure on the walls separating the lobules into compartments. Slimming reduces the large areas of deposit at the base of the buttocks. Musculation of the thighs can improve their appearance. More people think they have cellulitis than are really afflicted with it; this is just one of the many deceptions associated with it. PMID:4095152

  5. Retropharyngeal cellulitis in adolescence

    PubMed Central

    Tanaka, Kosuke; Inokuchi, Ryota; Namai, Yoshiyuki; Yahagi, Naoki

    2013-01-01

    A healthy 10-year-old boy presented with fever and progressively worsening sore throat and dysphagia. Physical examination showed pharyngeal erythema with tender left cervical lymphadenopathy. Radiography revealed 9 mm deep prevertebral soft tissues at the C2 level, and contrast-enhanced CT showed fluid collection with no major ring enhancement in the retropharyngeal space. He was diagnosed with retropharyngeal cellulitis and treated with intravenous antibiotics. Retropharyngeal cellulitis or abscess is a relatively rare infection in adolescents but is more frequent in 2–4-year-old children. Retropharyngeal cellulitis may rapidly extend caudally, with fatal consequences. For adolescents, physicians need to be aware of this clinical entity and carefully evaluate imaging findings even when only the mild pharyngeal physical findings are noted. PMID:23687369

  6. Understanding pediatric bacterial preseptal and orbital cellulitis.

    PubMed

    Gonzalez, Mithra O; Durairaj, Vikram D

    2010-04-01

    Pediatric preseptal and orbital cellulitis are infectious disorders that result in periorbital inflammation. Preseptal cellulitis is often associated with breaches in the skin barrier whereas orbital cellulitis is commonly associated with paranasal sinusitis. Orbital cellulitis may be associated with subperiosteal abscess. It is important to distinguish between preseptal from orbital cellulitis. Clinical examination and diagnostic imaging are useful in determining appropriate management. Patients are usually treated with broad spectrum antibiotics and surgery when indicated. PMID:20616919

  7. Cryptococcal cellulitis in congenital lymphedema.

    PubMed

    Krywonis, N; Kaye, V N; Lynch, P J

    1990-01-01

    A 27-year-old woman with intestinal lymphangiectasia and congenital lymphedema developed cryptococcal cellulitis as a result of her underlying depressed cell-mediated immune responsiveness. Prompt therapy with amphotericin B and 5-fluorocytosine resulted in an excellent outcome. The authors believe that the increasing population of patients with depression of cell-mediated immune response will lead to an increase in the frequency with which cryptococcal cellulitis is seen and emphasize that proper evaluation of a patient with presumptive cellulitis includes consideration of fungal, as well as bacterial, etiology. PMID:2184141

  8. The Hot Orbit: Orbital Cellulitis

    PubMed Central

    Chaudhry, Imtiaz A.; Al-Rashed, Waleed; Arat, Yonca O.

    2012-01-01

    Orbital cellulitis is an uncommon condition previously associated with severe complications. If untreated, orbital cellulitis can be potentially sight and life threatening. It can affect both adults and children but has a greater tendency to occur in the pediatric age group. The infection most commonly originates from sinuses, eyelids or face, retained foreign bodies, or distant soources by hematogenous spread. It is characterized by eyelid edema, erythema, chemosis, proptosis, blurred vision, fever, headache, and double vision. A history of upper respiratory tract infection prior to the onset is very common especially in children. In the era prior to antibiotics, vision loss from orbital cellulitis was a dreaded complication. Currently, imaging studies for detection of orbital abcess, the use of antibiotics and early drainage have mitigated visual morbidity significantly. The purpose of this review is to describe current investigative strategies and management options in the treatment of orbital cellulitis, establish their effectiveness and possible complications due to late intervention. PMID:22346113

  9. Cellulitis on the arm (image)

    MedlinePLUS

    Cellulitis is a noncontagious inflammation of the connective tissue of the skin, resulting from a bacterial infection. Antibiotics are given to control infection, and analgesics may be needed to control pain. Within ...

  10. Breast cellulitis after conservative surgery and radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect

    Rescigno, J.; McCormick, B.; Brown, A.E.; Myskowski, P.L. )

    1994-04-30

    Cellulitis is a previously unreported complication of conservative surgery and radiation therapy for early stage breast cancer. Patients who presented with breast cellulitis after conservative therapy are described. Eleven patients that developed cellulitis of the breast over a 38-month period of observation are the subject of this report. Clinical characteristics of patients with cellulitis and their treatment and outcome are reported. Potential patient and treatment-related correlates for the development of cellulitis are analyzed. The risk of cellulitis persists years after initial breast cancer therapy. The clinical course of the patients was variable: some patients required aggressive, long-duration antibiotic therapy, while others had rapid resolution with antibiotics. Three patients suffered from multiple episodes of cellulitis. Patients with breast cancer treated with conservative surgery and radiotherapy are at risk for breast cellulitis. Systematic characterization of cases of cellulitis may provide insight into diagnosis, prevention, and more effective therapy for this uncommon complication. 15 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  11. Orbital cellulitis with periosteal elevation.

    PubMed

    Lemke, B N; Gonnering, R S; Weinstein, J M

    1987-01-01

    Computerized tomography scan evidence of periosteal elevation in patients with orbital cellulitis is interpreted in the current medical literature as an indication of subperiosteal abscess. We present three such cases in which surgical drainage yielded clear fluid or granulation tissue rather than pus. A fourth case resolved on antibiotic therapy alone. Cases of periosteal elevation that resolve without surgery may represent inflammatory effusion, infections of lesser virulence, or propagation of granulation tissue rather than true abscesses. We suggest that periosteal elevation seen in patients with orbital cellulitis should represent a relative rather than an absolute indication for drainage surgery. PMID:3154568

  12. [Cellulitis: clinical manifestations and management].

    PubMed

    Blum, C-L; Menzinger, S; Genné, D

    2013-10-01

    Cellulitis is an acute bacterial non-necrotizing dermal-hypodermal infection predominantly affecting the lower limbs. It is characterised by a circumscribed erythema with a raised border and fever. The predisposing factors are skin wounds, edema from any cause and systemic factors (diabetes, immunosuppression). The diagnosis is clinical and the most common complication is recurrence. Other complications include local abscess, fasciitis and bacteremia. The germ is rarely identified. The majority of infections (85%) is due to group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus. The treatment of cellulitis consists of an association of an antibiotic with rest of the concerned area. PMID:24191414

  13. [Recurrent erysipelas and cellulitis: management].

    PubMed

    Zürcher, Sven; Trellu, Laurence Toutous

    2015-04-01

    Erysipelas and infectious cellulitis are skin infections that develop following the entry of bacteria through gaps in the skin. The most common complication is recurrence. Control of predisposing factors remains essential to prevent it. Prophylactic antibiotics are sometimes prescribed, but this approach is based on small studies and expert opinion. This article reflects the current state of knowledge and the standard of care. PMID:26021136

  14. Fatal Acute Cellulitis Due to Neisseria meningitidis

    PubMed Central

    Cartolano, Gian-Luigi; Barbier, Christophe; Arnoult, Lela; Simon, Didier; Ricome, Jean-Louis; Hayon, Jan

    2003-01-01

    We describe the first fatal evolution of cellulitis due to Neisseria meningitidis serogroup Y involving an 85-year-old woman. She presented with an extensive cellulitis of the left side of the face, neck, and thorax and septic shock. In spite of active antibiotic therapy, evolution was rapidly fatal. PMID:12904440

  15. Cellulitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Conditions Most Common Searches Adult Strabismus Amblyopia Cataract Conjunctivitis Corneal Abrasions Dilating Eye Drops Lazy eye (defined) ... Loading... Most Common Searches Adult Strabismus Amblyopia Cataract Conjunctivitis Corneal Abrasions Dilating Eye Drops Lazy eye (defined) ...

  16. Cellulitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the woods (this can also protect you from bug bites and stings ); and wear sandals on the beach. If you do get a scrape, wash the wound well with soap and water. Apply an antibiotic ointment and cover the wound ...

  17. Cellulitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... and develop a fever and sometimes chills and sweats. Swollen lymph nodes (commonly called swollen glands) are ... and Care Ringworm Skin, Hair, and Nails Impetigo Staph Infections Why Should I Care About Germs? Contact ...

  18. Cellulitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Problems Illnesses & Injuries Health Problems of Grown Ups People, Places & Things That Help Feelings Q&A Movies & More Quizzes Games Kids' Medical Dictionary En Espaol What Other Kids Are Reading Girls and Puberty Boys and Puberty Video: Am I Normal? (Girls and Puberty) Movie: Digestive ...

  19. Cellulitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... bacteria that is resistant to antibiotics in the penicillin family. This class of antibiotics has been the ... population. While CA-MRSA bacteria are resistant to penicillin and penicillin-related antibiotics, most CA-MRSA infections ...

  20. Cellulitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Story on Scars Taking Care of Your Skin Chickenpox What Are Germs? ... purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult your doctor. 1995- The Nemours Foundation. All ...

  1. [Eosinophilic cellulitis: About a new pediatric case].

    PubMed

    Makni, Saadia; Kallel, Rim; Chaabne, Hend; Bahloul, Emna; Bahri, Ibtissem; Turki, Hamida; Gouiaa, Naourez; Boudawara, Tahya

    2015-12-01

    Wells' syndrome or "eosinophilic cellulitis" is characterized by clinical features of cellulitis and histological pictures of eosinophils infiltrate of the dermis with some flame figures. This is a very rare disease in the pediatric age. We report the case of a 14-month-old boy, presented with two farms painful nodular brownish lesions in the thigh and back of the foot as well as multiple erythematous papular and vesicular lesions on the forehead, cheeks, limbs and trunk. Biological analysis and histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of Wells' syndrome. The outcome was favorable with dermocorticoid. PMID:26586016

  2. Arcanobacterium haemolyticum sinusitis and orbital cellulitis.

    PubMed

    Limjoco-Antonio, Antonietta D; Janda, William M; Schreckenberger, P C

    2003-05-01

    We present a case of sinusitis and orbital cellulitis in a 9-year-old girl caused by the Gram-positive bacillus Arcanobacterium haemolyticum. In addition to antimicrobial chemotherapy, two surgical procedures were required to drain the ethmoid and maxillary sinus cavities and a subperiosteal abscess. PMID:12797314

  3. Sweet's syndrome associated with cellulitis - a challenging diagnosis*

    PubMed Central

    Resende, Cristina; Santos, Rui; Pereira, Teresa; Brito, Celeste

    2016-01-01

    Sweet's syndrome is a neutrophilic dermatosis with worldwide distribution that has been associated with inflammatory autoimmune diseases, infections, malignancies, drugs, and pregnancy. The disease is idiopathic in up to 50% of patients. A 64-year-old woman, diagnosed with right limb cellulitis (4 days of evolution), was seen at our department, due to persistent cellulitis and progressive appearance of painful nodules and plaques in both shins and the right forearm (2 days of evolution). Taken together, clinical, laboratory and pathological data suggested the diagnosis of Sweet's syndrome, probably secondary to cellulitis of the right inferior limb. We suggest that cellulitis may be associated with Sweet's syndrome, a rare association in the literature.

  4. Pneumococcal cellulitis in an HIV-infected adult.

    PubMed

    Mofredj, A; Guerin, J M; Leibinger, F; Masmoudi, R

    2000-01-01

    Streptococcus pneumoniae is an uncommon cause of cellulitis. In almost all of the reported cases, the infection occurred in immunosuppressed patients, especially in those with connective tissue diseases. We report a case of cervical cellulitis associated with septicemia which occurred in an HIV-infected adult. PMID:10879645

  5. Wells’ Syndrome Mimicking Facial Cellulitis: A Report of Two Cases

    PubMed Central

    Cormerais, Maxence; Poizeau, Florence; Darrieux, Laure; Tisseau, Laurent; Safa, Gilles

    2015-01-01

    Wells’ syndrome (WS), or eosinophilic cellulitis, is an uncommon inflammatory dermatosis of unknown etiology that typically presents with pruritic cellulitis-like plaques on the extremities. Therefore, WS is often misdiagnosed as bacterial cellulitis due to its similarity in presentation. Here, we report two cases of WS that masqueraded as bacterial facial cellulitis. Under treatment with oral prednisone and/or a combination therapy with levocetirizine and hydroxyzine, both patients showed a dramatic improvement of the skin lesions. These cases highlight the need for clinicians to consider WS in the differential diagnosis when evaluating a patient with facial cellulitis that does not respond to an initial antimicrobial regimen. In addition, our cases suggest that combination therapy with levocetirizine and hydroxyzine may be successfully used as corticosteroid-sparing treatment or to prevent relapse after the discontinuation of corticosteroid treatment. PMID:26120307

  6. Wells' Syndrome Mimicking Facial Cellulitis: A Report of Two Cases.

    PubMed

    Cormerais, Maxence; Poizeau, Florence; Darrieux, Laure; Tisseau, Laurent; Safa, Gilles

    2015-01-01

    Wells' syndrome (WS), or eosinophilic cellulitis, is an uncommon inflammatory dermatosis of unknown etiology that typically presents with pruritic cellulitis-like plaques on the extremities. Therefore, WS is often misdiagnosed as bacterial cellulitis due to its similarity in presentation. Here, we report two cases of WS that masqueraded as bacterial facial cellulitis. Under treatment with oral prednisone and/or a combination therapy with levocetirizine and hydroxyzine, both patients showed a dramatic improvement of the skin lesions. These cases highlight the need for clinicians to consider WS in the differential diagnosis when evaluating a patient with facial cellulitis that does not respond to an initial antimicrobial regimen. In addition, our cases suggest that combination therapy with levocetirizine and hydroxyzine may be successfully used as corticosteroid-sparing treatment or to prevent relapse after the discontinuation of corticosteroid treatment. PMID:26120307

  7. Chlamydial conjunctivitis presenting as pre septal cellulitis.

    PubMed

    Drummond, Suzannah R; Diaper, Charles J M

    2007-01-01

    Chlamydia conjuctivitis results from infection by chlamydia trachomatis, the commonest treatable sexually transmitted infection in Europe. Its clinical manifestations involve the conjunctiva and the cornea. The inflammation under the upper eyelid may be sufficient to present as ptosis, however previously it has not been documented to cause a preseptal cellulitis. We present such a case. A 15-year-old girl was diagnosed with a left viral conjunctivitis. Five days later, she returned with marked oedema of the left upper and lower lids accompanied by erythema. The tarsal conjunctiva revealed follicles and large papillae and extra ocular movements revealed discomfort on elevation. A secondary diagnosis of bacterial pre septal cellulitis was made and the treatment was changed a broad spectrum oral antibiotic. On review at two days, the patient now complained of a large amount of purulent discharge in association with the marked pre septal swelling. As previous bacteriology and virology had been negative, the patient was re swabbed for chlamydia. This proved positive and her symptoms completely resolved following administration of Azithromycin. In this particular case recognition of the pathogen is important to alert the patient to the likelihood of unknown genital infestation. In all cases of positive culture, the patient should be counselled to attend a genitourinary clinic and to alert any sexual partners to the need to do likewise. PMID:17359543

  8. Prolonged cellulitis due to plant thorn.

    PubMed

    Cengiz, A Blent; Kanra, Gler; Celik, Tolga; Cmert, Bari?; Devrim, Ilker; Ozen, Metehan; Kara, Ate?

    2005-01-01

    We report the case of a five-year-old healthy boy who was admitted with abscess and soft tissue infection between the left wrist and the distal end of the forearm. Postero-anterior X-ray examination of the forearm showed a transverse line on the radius; however, further comparative radiographic examinations of the forearm were not compatible with fracture. Enterobacter cloacae was identified in the pus culture and initial intravenous empiric treatment with sulbactam-ampicillin was continued. Although the microorganism was susceptible to the empiric antimicrobial agent, at the eighth day of the treatment, inflammatory drainage was still present so further evaluations were performed. Ultrasonography of the forearm and wrist revealed only collection; magnetic resonance imaging showed a foreign body on the anterior distal section of the left forearm. The patient underwent operation and a 22 mm wooden foreign body was removed. Detailed history after removing a tree branch particle revealed that the boy had recently fallen from a tree causing an abrasion over the left wrist. The postoperative course was uneventful and clinical response was excellent in two days. In view of this case report, we would like to emphasize the importance of medical history and imaging studies in cases of cellulitis that do not respond to appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Another point to be kept in mind is that Enterobacter cloacae, which is very rarely reported as a causative agent for cellulitis, could be the etiological agent in cases after plant thorn injuries. PMID:16363355

  9. Facial cellulitis revealing choreo-acanthocytosis: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Samia, Younes; Yosra, Cherif; Foued, Bellazreg; Mouna, Aissi; Olfa, Berriche; Jihed, Souissi; Hammadi, Braham; Mahbouba, Frih-Ayed; Amel, Letaief; Habib, Sfar Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    We report a 62 year-old-man with facial cellulitis revealing choreo-acanthocytosis (ChAc). He showed chorea that started 20 years ago. The orofacial dyskinisia with tongue and cheek biting resulted in facial cellulitis. The peripheral blood smear revealed acanthocytosis of 25%. The overall of chorea, orofacial dyskinetic disorder, peripheral neuropathy, disturbed behavior, acanthocytosis and the atrophy of caudate nuclei was suggestive of a diagnosis of ChAc. To our knowledge no similar cases of facial cellulitis revealing choreo-acanthocytosis (ChAc) were found in a review of the literature. PMID:25332750

  10. Cellules solaires photovoltaïques plastiques enjeux et perspectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sicot, L.; Dumarcher, V.; Raimond, P.; Rosilio, C.; Sentein, C.; Fiorini, C.

    2002-04-01

    Après avoir détaillé le fonctionnement d'une cellule photovoltaïque plastique et les paramètres photovoltaïques permettant de caractéiser son efficacité, un état de l'art des technologies de fabrication des cellules est présenté. Des moyens d'amélioration des performances des cellules photovoltaïques organiques sont ensuite illustrés par l'étude de dispositifs développés au Laboratoire Composants Organiques (LCO) du CEA Saclay.

  11. Cellulitis-Like Rash Associated with Kawasaki Disease.

    PubMed

    Itamura, Shinji; Ishiguchi, Yukiko; Kuwabara, Kentaro; Yasui, Kozo; Kamada, Masahiro

    2016-01-01

    We present the case of a 5-year-old-boy who developed a fever and cellulitis-like groin rash 5 days before developing conjunctivitis and 6 to 7 days before other typical signs of Kawasaki disease (KD) appeared. The cellulitis failed to respond to antibiotics and no pathogens were isolated. His fever and clinical signs resolved with intravenous immunoglobulin and high-dose aspirin after discontinuation of antibiotics. Nonbacterial cellulitis is a rare presenting sign of KD, but in the appropriate clinical setting and population, a diagnosis of KD should be considered when cellulitis and fever fail to respond to an appropriate antibiotic regimen and no pathogen can be isolated. PMID:26577413

  12. Arcanobacterium hemolyticum orbital cellulitis: a rare but aggressive disease.

    PubMed

    Ramey, Nicholas A; Burkat, Cat N

    2013-01-01

    The clinical presentation and course of orbital cellulitis in a young adult resulting from Arcanobacterium hemolyticum frontal sinusitis are presented in detail. This case illustrates the importance of a multidisciplinary approach for refractory and aggressive orbital cellulitis. A high level of suspicion for A. hemolyticum must be maintained in such cases, because it has proven to be a rare but aggressive, potentially occult, and life-threatening pathogen. PMID:23128539

  13. Ambient Ozone and Emergency Department Visits for Cellulitis

    PubMed Central

    Szyszkowicz, Mieczys?aw; Porada, Eugeniusz; Kaplan, Gilaad G.; Rowe, Brian H.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives were to assess and estimate an association between exposure to ground-level ozone and emergency department (ED) visits for cellulitis. All ED visits for cellulitis in Edmonton, Canada, in the period April 1992March 2002 (N = 69,547) were examined. Case-crossover design was applied to estimate odds ratio (OR, and 95% confidence interval) per one interquartile range (IQR) increase in ozone concentration (IQR = 14.0 ppb). Delay of ED visit relating to exposure was probed using 0- to 5-day exposure lags. For all patients in the all months (JanuaryDecember) and lags 0 to 2 days, OR = 1.05 (1.02, 1.07). For male patients during the cold months (OctoberMarch): OR = 1.05 (1.02, 1.09) for lags 0 and 2 and OR = 1.06 (1.02, 1.10) for lag 3. For female patients in the warm months (AprilSeptember): OR = 1.12 (1.06, 1.18) for lags 1 and 2. Cellulitis developing on uncovered (more exposed) skin was analyzed separately, observed effects being stronger. Cellulitis may be associated with exposure to ambient ground level ozone; the exposure may facilitate cellulitis infection and aggravate acute symptoms. PMID:21139878

  14. A Case of Metastatic Gastric Adenocarcinoma Mimicking Preseptal Cellulitis

    PubMed Central

    Won, Kwang Hee; Lee, Mi Hye; Lee, Woo Jin; Won, Chong Hyun; Chang, Sung Eun; Choi, Jee Ho; Moon, Kee Chan

    2015-01-01

    Cutaneous metastasis from gastric adenocarcinoma is uncommon, and the eyelid is a rare metastatic site. Three patterns of clinical presentation of eyelid metastasis have been described: nodular, infiltrative, and ulcerated. The infiltrative pattern, also known as an inflammatory diffuse pattern or mask-like metastasis, can be easily misdiagnosed as cellulitis or contact dermatitis. Here, we report a case of gastric adenocarcinoma in a 75-year-old man who presented with a localized erythematous plaque on his eyelid that developed four months earlier. The patient had been treated with an antimicrobial agent owing to suspicion of preseptal cellulitis. Gastric adenocarcinoma metastasis was diagnosed on the basis of histopathological examination and immunophenotyping (i.e., cytoplasmic epithelial membrane antigen, cytokeratin- 7, cytokeratin-20, and carcinoembryonic antigen). For patients with malignant neoplasms, persistent skin lesions similar to cellulitis or contact dermatitis should be suspected of metastasis derived from an internal malignancy, even for very rare sites of metastasis. PMID:26273162

  15. Orbital cellulitis complicated by central retinal artery occlusion.

    PubMed

    Proctor, Charles M; Magrath, George N; de Castro, Luis E Fernández; Johnson, John H; Teed, Ronald G

    2013-01-01

    The authors present a case of a 16-year-old boy who sought treatment in Storm Eye Institute for orbital cellulitis complicated by central retinal artery occlusion. He was examined for severe signs of orbital cellulitis, including decreased vision and an afferent pupillary defect. Intravenous antibiotics failed to provide timely improvement, and the patient was surgically managed with endoscopic orbital decompression. An ocular examination under anesthesia revealed retinal ischemia in the affected eye, and fluorescein angiography confirmed the diagnosis of central retinal artery occlusion. The patient's vision improved slightly following resolution of the infection. Central retinal artery occlusion is a rare complication of orbital cellulitis in adults and has yet to be reported in the pediatric population. PMID:23128536

  16. Acute cellulitis: an unusual manifestation of meningococcal disease.

    PubMed

    Porras, M C; Martnez, V C; Ruiz, I M; Encinas, P M; Fernandez, M T; Garca, J; Martn Martn, L C

    2001-01-01

    We describe 2 patients who both developed cellulitis due to Neisseria meningitidis and review 8 other cases reported since 1966. Female patients outnumbered male patients by 8 to 2, and there were 5 children and 5 adults. Four cases were caused by the serogroup C meningococcus, 2 cases by serogroup B and 2 others by serogroup Y (the nature of the meningococcal group was not available in 2 cases). Diverse medical underlying conditions were present in 4 of the adult patients. The periorbital region (in all 5 children), limb (in 3 adults), neck (in 1 adult) and face and neck (in 1 adult) were the locations of the meningococcal cellulitis. In all 10 patients, a favorable clinical response to the antibiotic therapy was documented and no relapses occurred. These cases indicate that N. meningitidis should be considered as a causative agent of cellulitis in the appropriate clinical setting, particularly in children with signs of periorbital infection or adults with underlying diseases. PMID:11234980

  17. Achromobacter xylosoxidans Bacteremia and Cellulitis: A Report of a Case.

    PubMed

    Dai, Julia; Huen, Auris O; Kestenbaum, Lori A; Sarezky, Margaret D; Coughlin, Carrie C; Yan, Albert C

    2015-01-01

    Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a rare, opportunistic infection most commonly encountered in immunocompromised patients during hospitalization. Primary uncomplicated bacteremia, catheter-associated infections, and pneumonia have been reported as the most common clinical presentations; skin and soft tissue infections from A.xylosoxidans are rare. We describe a case of A.xylosoxidans presenting as cellulitis and bacteremia in an immunocompromised patient. PMID:25973735

  18. Genetic Susceptibility to Non-Necrotizing Erysipelas/Cellulitis

    PubMed Central

    Hannula-Jouppi, Katariina; Massinen, Satu; Siljander, Tuula; Mäkelä, Siru; Kivinen, Katja; Leinonen, Rasko; Jiao, Hong; Aitos, Päivi; Karppelin, Matti; Vuopio, Jaana; Syrjänen, Jaana; Kere, Juha

    2013-01-01

    Background Bacterial non-necrotizing erysipelas and cellulitis are often recurring, diffusely spreading infections of the skin and subcutaneous tissues caused most commonly by streptococci. Host genetic factors influence infection susceptibility but no extensive studies on the genetic determinants of human erysipelas exist. Methods We performed genome-wide linkage with the 10,000 variant Human Mapping Array (HMA10K) array on 52 Finnish families with multiple erysipelas cases followed by microsatellite fine mapping of suggestive linkage peaks. A scan with the HMA250K array was subsequently performed with a subset of cases and controls. Results Significant linkage was found at 9q34 (nonparametric multipoint linkage score (NPLall) 3.84, p = 0.026), which is syntenic to a quantitative trait locus for susceptibility to group A streptococci infections on chromosome 2 in mouse. Sequencing of candidate genes in the 9q34 region did not conclusively associate any to erysipelas/cellulitis susceptibility. Suggestive linkage (NPLall>3.0) was found at three loci: 3q22-24, 21q22, and 22q13. A subsequent denser genome scan with the HMA250K array supported the 3q22 locus, in which several SNPs in the promoter of AGTR1 (Angiotensin II receptor type I) suggestively associated with erysipelas/cellulitis susceptibility. Conclusions Specific host genetic factors may cause erysipelas/cellulitis susceptibility in humans. PMID:23437094

  19. Cellules photovoltaques base de semi-conducteurs organiques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Videlot, C.; Fichou, D.; Garnier, F.

    1998-06-01

    We describe here the elaboration and performances of photovoltaic cells using organic p type (pentacene) and n type (perylene) semiconductors in a pn heterojunction configuration. Nous dcrivons ici l'laboration et les performances de cellules photovoltaques base de semi-conducteurs organiques de type p (pentacne) et de type n (prylne) dans une htrojonction pn.

  20. Eikenella corrodens cellulitis and arthritis of the knee.

    PubMed Central

    Flesher, S A; Bottone, E J

    1989-01-01

    Severe cellulitis and septic arthritis due to Eikenella corrodens and a viridans group streptococcus developed following dental manipulation in a patient with a history of hemarthrosis. Correct diagnosis was achieved by recognition of E. corrodens on a culture of a knee aspirate. Antimicrobial (ampicillin) therapy resulted in a therapeutic response. Images PMID:2681259

  1. Neisseria meningitidis as a cause of facial cellulitis

    PubMed Central

    Ozaki, Brent; Kittai, Adam; Chang, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    A 68-year-old man presented with facial cellulitis and found to have Neisseria meningitidis bacteraemia with no evidence of infection outside of the facial soft tissue. He was treated with a course of intravenous ceftriaxone and transitioned to oral amoxicillin on discharge with significant improvement of his symptoms. N meningitidis is best recognised as a causal agent of bacterial meningitis. To our knowledge N meningitidis cellulitis has only been described in 12 other cases. In this case series we describe and summarise our case, along with the 12 cases already reported in the literature. We report this case series to highlight the importance of recognising N meningitidis in the differential in patients presenting with acute skin and soft tissue infections especially involving the periorbital, head and neck regions. PMID:24626385

  2. Orbital cellulitis in a neonate of the tooth bud origin : A case report

    PubMed Central

    Lavaju, Poonam; Badhu, Badri Prasad; Khanal, Basudha; Shrestha, Bhuwan Govinda

    2014-01-01

    Orbital cellulitis is a serious, yet uncommon infection in neonates. It can result in significant sight and life threatening complications. Most commonly, it occurs secondarily as the result of a spread of infection from the sinuses. Orbital cellulitis, secondary to dental infection is rare. We hereby report a case of orbital cellulitis secondary to dental infection in a 15-day-old neonate without any systemic features. PMID:25116779

  3. Pneumococcal sepsis, peritonitis, and cellulitis at the first episode of nephrotic syndrome.

    PubMed

    Naseri, Mitra

    2013-09-01

    Bacterial infections are common in patients with nephrotic syndrome, including peritonitis, sepsis, meningitis, urinary tract infection, and cellulitis. An 8-year-old boy presented with colicky abdominal pain, vomiting, swollen and painful erythematous lesions around the umbilicus and in anterior surface of left thigh (cellulitis), mild generalized edema, and ascites. The microorganism isolated from peritoneal fluid and blood cultures was Pneumococcus. Association of pneumococcal sepsis, peritonitis, and cellulitis has been rarely reported in nephrotic syndrome. PMID:24072154

  4. Orbital cellulitis in a neonate of the tooth bud origin: a case report.

    PubMed

    Lavaju, Poonam; Badhu, Badri Prasad; Khanal, Basudha; Shrestha, Bhuwan Govinda

    2014-07-01

    Orbital cellulitis is a serious, yet uncommon infection in neonates. It can result in significant sight and life threatening complications. Most commonly, it occurs secondarily as the result of a spread of infection from the sinuses. Orbital cellulitis, secondary to dental infection is rare. We hereby report a case of orbital cellulitis secondary to dental infection in a 15-day-old neonate without any systemic features. PMID:25116779

  5. Recurrent cellulitis: risk factors, etiology, pathogenesis and treatment.

    PubMed

    Chlebicki, Maciej Piotr; Oh, Choon Chiat

    2014-09-01

    Erysipelas and uncomplicated cellulitis are common infections that tend to recur in a substantial proportion of affected patients following an initial episode, especially if the predisposing condition is chronic lymphedema. All patients who suffer an episode of cellulitis should be carefully evaluated to establish the risk of recurrence. Several predisposing conditions (such as lymphedema and skin conditions that serve as a portal of entry for bacteria) can be effectively treated in order to reduce the risk of relapse. The medical literature provides convincing evidence that antimicrobial prophylaxis can markedly reduce the frequency of relapse of erysipelas. Two recent studies performed by the 'Prophylactic Antibiotics for the Treatment of Cellulitis at Home' (PATCH) group have clearly confirmed the efficacy of antimicrobial prophylaxis. Penicillin remains the drug of choice. Treatment options in patients with penicillin allergy are limited by the rising prevalence of macrolide resistance among group A streptococci. Further research is required to clarify the optimal penicillin regimen as well as to develop new therapies for patients with allergy to penicillin. PMID:24980389

  6. Isolation of Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus from a Patient with Cellulitis

    PubMed Central

    Briedis, Dalius J.; Khamessan, Ali; McLaughlin, Richard W.; Vali, Hojatollah; Panaritou, Maria; Chan, Eddie C. S.

    2002-01-01

    Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus is a gram-negative, slender, spirally curved bacterial pathogen. It has been isolated from human blood, spinal fluid, and abscesses, but cellulitis associated with bacteremia is rare. We report its isolation from a blood culture of a human patient with cellulitis as well as difficulties encountered in determining the identity of the subspecies of C. fetus. PMID:12454199

  7. Erosive pustular dermatosis of the leg mimicking lower limb cellulitis.

    PubMed

    Zhou, Z; Zhang, Z K; Liu, T H

    2015-12-01

    Erosive pustular dermatosis (EPD) of the leg is an unusual form of amicrobial pustulosis, which typically affects elderly patients with chronic venous insufficiency. We report a patient who presented with painful erythema, crusted erosions and pustules on her right lower leg. Histology showed a dermal infiltration made up predominantly of neutrophils. Bacteria were isolated from the lesions. The condition was initially diagnosed as cellulitis, but antibiotic treatment was unsuccessful. After the correct diagnosis was made, complete resolution was obtained with betamethasone 0.05%. PMID:25476720

  8. Differentiating between red legs and cellulitis and reviewing treatment options.

    PubMed

    Salmon, Michelle

    2015-10-01

    Red legs (RL) is a chronic inflammatory condition often misdiagnosed as cellulitis. Antibiotic therapy is not required and does not resolve the symptoms. The main causes of RL are chronic dermatological and venous disease, including chronic oedema. Raising awareness of this condition among health professionals could prevent misdiagnosis and unnecessary costly and potentially harmful antibiotic therapy. The aim of this paper is to highlight the differential diagnoses and management of red legs, and the author also includes an example through a case history. PMID:26418399

  9. Eosinophilic cellulitis (Wells’ syndrome) caused by a temporary henna tattoo

    PubMed Central

    Celegen, Mehmet; Karkıner, Canan Sule Unsal; Günay, Ilker; Diniz, Güllden; Can, Demet

    2014-01-01

    Eosinophilic cellulitis (Wells’ syndrome) is an uncommon condition of unknown etiology. Wells’ syndrome is usually seen in adulthood but very rare in childhood. Although pathogenesis of the disease is not very clear, it is a hypersensitivity reaction developing against a variety of exogenous and endogenous antigenic stimuli. Paraphenylenediamine is a strong allergen frequently used as a temporary henna tattoo, which makes the color darker. Here, a 9-year-old male patient with Wells’ syndrome is presented, which developed following a temporary henna tattoo and shown by the patch test sensitivity to paraphenylenediamine. PMID:25395929

  10. Clinical potential of resistin as a novel prognostic biomarker for cellulitis

    PubMed Central

    ERTURK, AYSE; CURE, MEDINE CUMHUR; CURE, ERKAN; KURT, AYSEL; CICEK, AYSEGUL COPUR; YUCE, SULEYMAN

    2015-01-01

    Cellulitis is an acute, subacute or chronic inflammation of the dermis and subdermal tissues, which is typically caused by bacteria, although other causes are possible. The present study aimed to evaluate the association between resistin levels and the recovery time of patients with cellulitis. In addition, the effect of resistin and insulin resistance on the prognosis of cellulitis was investigated. In total, 52 patients with cellulitis (male, 21; female, 31) and an age-matched group of 42 healthy individuals (male, 18; female, 24) were included in the study. The levels of serum resistin, fasting plasma glucose (FPG), homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and other biochemical parameters were compared between the groups. The mean resistin levels in the cellulitis and control groups were 9.45.3 and 5.83.1 ng/ml, respectively. The levels of resistin, FPG, HOMA-IR and CRP were significantly higher in the cellulitis group compared with the control group (P<0.001). Furthermore, the mean recovery time of the patients with cellulitis was 21.25.6 days. Thus, increased levels of resistin (P=0.002) and HOMA-IR (P=0.005) could be used as predictive factors for the recovery time. The enhanced levels of resistin and HOMA-IR were shown to correlate with the high CRP levels in the cellulitis group. Therefore, the results indicated that increased levels of resistin may function as a prognostic marker for cellulitis. PMID:26136908

  11. [Primary cutaneous Nocardia brasiliensis cellulitis in immunocompetent child].

    PubMed

    Shachor-Meyouhas, Yael; Ravid, Sarit; Suhair, Hanna; Kassis, Imad

    2012-08-01

    Primary cutaneous nocardiosis is an infrequent infection among children, generally affecting immunocompromised hosts. It is caused by Gram positive bacteria, partially alcohol and acid resistant which are saprophytes of the soil, water and organic matter. In most cases the causal agent enters through inhalation, and hematogenous dissemination may occur mainly among the immune compromised patients. Direct cutaneous inoculation is less frequent, especially among children. We report an 8-year old female who lives in an urban house with a small garden, who presented with an ulcer on her right shin accompanied by surrounding cellulitis, pain, swelling and fever. The patient's medical history was unremarkable, with no exposure to animals or travelling, except for rafting on the Jordan River the previous week. Culture from the ulcer grew Nocardia brasiliensis, and she recovered after 8 weeks of therapy with trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole. PMID:23350294

  12. Osteomyelitis of Maxilla in Infantile With Periorbital Cellulitis

    PubMed Central

    Feng, Zhiqiang; Chen, Xufeng; Cao, Fengdi; Lai, Renfa; Lin, Qiang

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Infantile osteomyelitis (IO) is an uncommon and life-threatening disease that can be misdiagnosed. Early diagnosis and treatment can reduce the incidence of sequel. In this case report, we present a 25-day-old male infant with apparent edema in the entire left periorbital region. Intraorally, the edema occurred in the mucosa of the upper left alveolar region, and 2 draining fistulas with exuded yellow-white pus were present in the left alveolar region. The patient received constant monitoring after admission, and was diagnosed as IO of the maxilla with periorbital cellulitis and sepsis. He also received incision and drainage and anti-inflammatory treatment. After discharge, the patient was followed up for 3 months by phone call, but no recurrence of symptoms was found. Infantile osteomyelitis is rare in clinic. This case report reminds us of the significance of IO and provides some implications on its diagnosis and treatment. PMID:26448016

  13. Late, Late-Onset Group B Streptococcus Cellulitis With Bacteremia.

    PubMed

    Yokouchi, Yukako; Katsumori, Hiroshi; Koike, Yuji

    2016-01-01

    Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection remains a leading cause of serious neonatal and early infantile infection. As the infection often presents with nonspecific symptoms, and is associated with underlying bacteremia, prompt investigation and treatment is required. We report a case of late, late-onset GBS infection with bacteremia in a 94-day-old boy experiencing cellulitis of the left hand. Although late-onset disease or late, late-onset disease has been reported to be common among infants with underlying conditions such as premature birth, immunocompromised status, trauma, or among those using medical devices, no such underlying medical condition predisposed this infant to invasive GBS infection. Recent reports including the present case underscore the risk of GBS infection among previously healthy infants beyond the neonatal period. Thus, clinicians should especially be aware of unusual presentations of GBS invasive disease with bacteremia. PMID:26720063

  14. ACETAMINOPHEN-INDUCED CELLULITIS-LIKE FIXED DRUG ERUPTION

    PubMed Central

    Fathallah, Neila; Salem, Chaker Ben; Slim, Raoudha; Boussofara, Lobna; Ghariani, Najet; Bouraoui, Kamel

    2011-01-01

    Acetaminophen is a widely used analgesic drug. Its adverse reactions are rare but severe. An 89-year-old man developed an indurated edematous and erythematous plaque on his left arm 1 day after acetaminophen ingestion. Cellulitis was suspected and antibiotictherapy was started but there was no improvement of the rash; there was a spectacular extension of the lesion with occurrence of flaccid vesicles and blisters in the affected sites. The diagnosis of generalized-bullous-fixed drug eruption induced by acetaminophen was considered especially with a reported history of a previous milder reaction occurring in the same site. Acetaminophen was withdrawn and the rash improved significantly. According to the Naranjo probability scale, the eruption experienced by the patient was probably due to acetaminophen. Clinicians should be aware of the ability of acetaminophen to induce fixed drug eruption that may clinically take several aspects and may be misdiagnosed. PMID:21716550

  15. Incidence of deep vein thrombosis in erysipelas or cellulitis of the lower extremities.

    PubMed

    Mortazavi, Mohammadreza; Samiee, Mitra M; Spencer, Frederick A

    2013-03-01

    The incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients with erysipelas and cellulitis of the lower extremities is unknown. As such, the indication and efficacy of prophylactic anticoagulation for prevention of DVT in these patients is unclear. The main goal of this review is to provide an estimate of the incidence of DVT in erysipelas and cellulitis based on existing literature. A comprehensive search of the electronic sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILAC and Cochrane without any language limitation was performed from 1950 to April 2011 for articles focused on the occurrence of DVT in cellulitis or erysipelas of the lower extremities. The selected studies were divided into two groups according to presence or absence of systematic investigation for DVT. Those studies in which the patients received prophylactic or therapeutic anticoagulants before a diagnosis of DVT were excluded. The reported incidence rate of DVT in patients with erysipelas or cellulitis of the lower extremities is highly variable, ranging from 0 to 15%. In this review, the overall incidence rates of DVT in studies with and without systematic investigation for thromboembolism were 2.72% (95% CI: 1.71-3.75%) and 0.68% (95% CI: 0.27-1.07%), respectively. Given the low reported overall incidence of DVT, neither routine prophylactic anticoagulation nor systematic paraclinical investigation for DVT is indicated in low risk patients with erysipelas or cellulitis of the lower extremities. DVT should still be considered in patients with high pretest probability or other thromboembolic risk factors. PMID:22913433

  16. Cellulitis due to Achromobacter xylosoxidans during bortezomib therapy for multiple myeloma.

    PubMed

    Kikuchi, Taku; Mori, Takehiko; Kohashi, Sumiko; Yamane, Yusuke; Okayama, Mikio; Mashima, Eri; Murakami, Koichi; Shimizu, Takayuki; Kurihara, Yuichi; Ueda, Tomomi; Suzuki, Takeshi; Okamoto, Shinichiro

    2016-01-01

    Achromobacter xylosoxidans (A. xylosoxidans) is a non-fermentative gram-negative rod. This organism is reportedly a causative pathogen of bacteremia mainly in patients with hematological disorders. However, only one case of cellulitis due to A. xylosoxidans associated with hematological malignancy has been reported. An 80-year-old man developed cellulitis and subsequent bacteremia due to A. xylosoxidans during bortezomib therapy for multiple myeloma. Although his condition was serious enough to require intensive care, he fully recovered with appropriate antimicrobial agents and supportive care. The isolate was broadly resistant to antimicrobial agents, including cefepime, amikacin, and ciprofloxacin. Therefore, the identification and selection of appropriate antimicrobial agents were considered to have contributed to the successful outcome in this case. Physicians should recognize A. xylosoxidans as a possible pathogen causing cellulitis and secondary bacteremia, as well as being aware of its broad resistance to antimicrobial agents. PMID:26935636

  17. Delayed breast cellulitis: An evolving complication of breast conservation

    SciTech Connect

    Indelicato, Daniel J.; Grobmyer, Stephen R.; Newlin, Heather; Morris, Christopher G.; Haigh, Linda S.; Copeland, Edward M.; Mendenhall, Nancy Price . E-mail: mendenan@shands.ufl.edu

    2006-12-01

    Purpose: Delayed breast cellulitis (DBC) is characterized by the late onset of breast erythema, edema, tenderness, and warmth. This retrospective study analyzes the risk factors and clinical course of DBC. Methods and Materials: From 1985 through 2004, 580 sequential women with 601 stage T0-2N0-1 breast cancers underwent breast conserving therapy. Cases of DBC were identified according to accepted clinical criteria: diffuse breast erythema, edema, tenderness, and warmth occurring >3 months after definitive surgery and >3 weeks after radiotherapy. Potential risk factors analyzed included patient comorbidity, operative technique, acute complications, and details of adjunctive therapy. Response to treatment and long-term outcome were analyzed to characterize the natural course of this syndrome. Results: Of the 601 cases, 16%, 52%, and 32% were Stage 0, I, and II, respectively. The overall incidence of DBC was 8% (50/601). Obesity, ecchymoses, T stage, the presence and aspiration of a breast hematoma/seroma, removal of >5 axillary lymph nodes, and arm lymphedema were significantly associated with DBC. The median time to onset of DBC from the date of definitive surgery was 226 days. Ninety-two percent of DBC patients were empirically treated with antibiotics. Fourteen percent required more invasive intervention. Twenty-two percent had recurrent episodes of DBC. Ultimately, 2 patients (4%) underwent mastectomy for intractable breast pain related to DBC. Conclusion: Although multifactorial, we believe DBC is primarily related to a bacterial infection in the setting of impaired lymphatic drainage and may appear months after completion of radiotherapy. Invasive testing before a trial of antibiotics is generally not recommended.

  18. Bergeyella zoohelcum Associated with Abscess and Cellulitis After a Dog Bite.

    PubMed

    Yi, Jumi; Humphries, Romney; Doerr, Laura; Jerris, Robert C; Westblade, Lars F

    2016-02-01

    Cat and dog bites are a common cause of injury in young children. Bergeyella zoohelcum is a rarely reported zoonotic pathogen that is a part of cat and dog oral flora. We present a case of a child with B. zoohelcum abscess and cellulitis after a dog bite and review previously reported cases. PMID:26535880

  19. Bilateral cavernous sinus and superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis in the setting of facial cellulitis.

    PubMed

    Syed, Almas; Bell, Bruce; Hise, Joseph; Philip, Joseph; Spak, Cedric; Opatowsky, Michael J

    2016-01-01

    Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a rare, potentially fatal cause of cerebral venous thrombosis. Infectious causes typically arise from the mid face, orbit, or sinonasal region. We present a case of bilateral cavernous sinus and superior ophthalmic thrombosis secondary to an extreme case of facial cellulitis. PMID:26722163

  20. Refractory facial cellulitis following cosmetic rhinoplasty after cord-blood stem cell transplantation.

    PubMed

    Machida, U; Tojo, A; Ooi, J; Iseki, T; Nagayama, H; Shirafuji, N; Sawada, M; Nakayama, K; Tani, K; Asano, S

    2000-07-01

    We report a case of a 38-year-old female patient who developed facial cellulitis after cord-blood stem cell transplantation (CBT). The cellulitis was refractory to treatment with antibiotics and antifungal agents. Because facial cellulitis is rare after transplantation, its mechanism could not be determined exactly. On day 40 after CBT, a nurse with expertise in cosmetic surgery attended our rounds and correctly assumed that the patient had received cosmetic rhinoplasty. Although conventional x-rays of the head were normal, a computed tomographic (CT) scan of the brain disclosed the presence of a foreign body over the nasal dorsum. As a result, the patient's symptoms were diagnosed as facial cellulitis associated with foreign material that had been implanted at the time of cosmetic surgery. At a pretransplantation interview, the patient did not mention her history of rhinoplasty. Even after she was shown the head CT scans that revealed the presence of nasal implants, she denied that she had received rhinoplasty before CBT. Unless we realize that patients may have received cosmetic surgery before transplantation, it is difficult to make a diagnosis of infection associated with foreign implants. To our knowledge this is the first report after transplantation of infection associated with cosmetic surgery. Such infections should be included on the list of complications after bone marrow transplantation. PMID:10979217

  1. Bilateral cavernous sinus and superior ophthalmic vein thrombosis in the setting of facial cellulitis

    PubMed Central

    Bell, Bruce; Hise, Joseph; Philip, Joseph; Spak, Cedric; Opatowsky, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    Cavernous sinus thrombosis is a rare, potentially fatal cause of cerebral venous thrombosis. Infectious causes typically arise from the mid face, orbit, or sinonasal region. We present a case of bilateral cavernous sinus and superior ophthalmic thrombosis secondary to an extreme case of facial cellulitis. PMID:26722163

  2. Chemical Facial Cellulitis Due to Inadvertent Injection of Formalin into Oral Tissue Space

    PubMed Central

    Virk, Pawandeep Sandhu; Arakeri, Gururaj

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports the accidental injection of formalin into oral tissue space, in an 8-year old child resulting in chemical facial necrotizing cellulitis and its management. The common practice of keeping formalin in local anesthesia vials should be avoided by dental clinics, to prevent such unfortunate incidents. PMID:26918101

  3. Botfly larva masquerading as periorbital cellulitis: identification by point-of-care ultrasonography.

    PubMed

    Minakova, Elena; Doniger, Stephanie J

    2014-06-01

    Myiasis, or the infiltration of the botfly larvae, is a relatively frequent problem encountered by travelers to parts of Latin America. This is a novel case report that documents a Dermatobia hominis infestation of the left facial region with secondary periorbital cellulitis diagnosed by point-of-care ultrasonography. PMID:24892687

  4. Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of adult patients hospitalized for erysipelas and cellulitis.

    PubMed

    Perelló-Alzamora, M-R; Santos-Duran, J-C; Sánchez-Barba, M; Cañueto, J; Marcos, M; Unamuno, P

    2012-09-01

    The purpose of this investigation was to analyze the clinical and epidemiological aspects of all cases of erysipelas and infectious cellulitis admitted to a tertiary hospital during a period of five years. All patients admitted with the main diagnosis of erysipelas or cellulitis to the Department of Dermatology of the author's institution from January 2005 to May 2010 were included. Seventy patients were identified and their medical records were retrospectively reviewed so as to record the epidemiological and clinical data. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to analyze variables that predicted longer length of stay. The frequency of cellulitis in the lower limbs was higher in men and patients older than 65 years. Moderate/severe cellulitis in patients with basal comorbidity followed by a poor response to oral antibiotic therapy for 48 h were the most common reasons for admission. At arrival, four patients had abscessed areas. Fourteen patients developed local complications and 18 cases developed general in-hospital complications. Most patients improved or were healed with intravenous amoxicillin-clavulanate 1 g-200 mg/8 h. Intravenous amoxicillin-clavulanate 1 g-200 mg/8 h may be a good choice for empiric treatment in our setting. The development of in-hospital complications and the need for changing empiric antibiotic therapy were significant and independent variables associated with longer length of stay. PMID:22298240

  5. L'effet de p53 sur la radiosensibilit des cellules humaines normales et cancreuses

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Little, J. B.; Li, C. Y.; Nagasawa, H.; Huang, H.

    1998-04-01

    The radiosensitivity of normal human fibroblasts in p53 dependent and associated with the loss of cells from the cycling population as the result of an irreversible G1 arrest; cells lacking normal p53 function show no arrest and are more radioresistant. Under conditions in which the repair potentially lethal radiation damage is facilitated, the fraction of cells arrested in G1 is reduced and survival is enhanced. The response of human tumor cells differs significantly. The radiation-induced G1 arrest is minimal or absent in p53+ tumor cells, and loss of normal p53 function has no consistent effect on their radiosensitivity. These results suggest that p53 status may not be a useful predictive marker for the response of human solid tumors to radiation therapy. La radiosensibilit des fibroblastes diplodes humains est lie l'expression de p53, et la perte de cellules en cycle rsultant d'un arrt irrversible en phase G1 ; dans les cellules n'ayant pas une fonction p53 normale, on ne constate aucun arrt, et elles sont plus radio-rsistantes. Dans des conditions favorables la rparation de lsions potentiellement lthales dues l'irradiation, la proportion de cellules bloques en phase G1 baisse, et les chances de survie sont accrues. Bien diffrente est la raction des cellules cancreuses humaines. Le blocage par irradiation en phase G1 est minime ou inexistant dans les cellules cancreuses p53^+, et la perte de la fonction normale p53 n'a pas d'effet constant sur leur radiosensibilit. Ces rsultats laissent penser que l'expression de p53 n'est pas un indice fiable permettant de prvoir la raction des tumeurs solides la radiothrapie.

  6. The air forces on a systematic series of biplane and triplane cellule models

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Munk, Max M

    1927-01-01

    The air forces on a systematic series of biplane and triplane cellule models are the subject of this report. The test consist in the determination of the lift, drag, and moment of each individual airfoil in each cellule, mostly with the same wing section. The magnitude of the gap and of the stagger is systematically varied; not, however, the decalage, which is zero throughout the tests. Certain check tests with a second wing section make the tests more complete and conclusions more convincing. The results give evidence that the present army and navy specifications for the relative lifts of biplanes are good. They furnish material for improving such specifications for the relative lifts of triplanes. A larger number of factors can now be prescribed to take care of different cases.

  7. Insufficiency fractures of the distal tibia misdiagnosed as cellulitis in three patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    SciTech Connect

    Straaton, K.V.; Lopez-Mendez, A.; Alarcon, G.S. )

    1991-07-01

    We describe 3 patients with rheumatoid arthritis who presented with diffuse pain, swelling, and erythema of the distal aspect of the lower extremity, suggestive of either cellulitis or thrombophlebitis, but were found to have insufficiency fractures of the distal tibia. The value of technetium-99m diphosphonate bone scintigraphy in the early recognition of these fractures and a possible explanation for the associated inflammatory symptoms are discussed.

  8. Disseminated Cryptococcosis Presenting as Cutaneous Cellulitis in an Adolescent With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    PubMed Central

    Valente, Ellen Simionato; Lazzarin, Mauricio Costa; Koech, Bruno Lopes; da Rosa, Ralph Vighi; de Almeida, Rafael; de Oliveira, Umberto Lopes; Neugebauer, Maria Gertrudes Fernandes Pereira; Sacco, Alexander Gonalves

    2015-01-01

    We report here the case of a 17-year-old girl from Pelotas, Brazil, with systemic lupus erythematosus and disseminated cryptococcal infection. Prior to diagnosis, she was a chronic user of corticosteroids and other immunosuppressive drugs. Her first symptoms were skin lesions that simulated bacterial cellulitis. Upon suspicion, we performed a biopsy and fungal infection was confirmed. Appropriate therapy was established, and the patient was discharged after 42 days of treatment in complete remission. PMID:26294948

  9. Severe cellulitis and abdominal wall emphysema following laparoscopic colonic surgery: A case report.

    PubMed

    Tanaka, Ryo; Kameyama, Hitoshi; Chida, Tadasu; Kanda, Tatsuo; Kano, Yosuke; Ichikawa, Hiroshi; Hanyu, Takaaki; Ishikawa, Takashi; Kosugi, Shin-Ichi; Wakai, Toshifumi

    2015-05-01

    Abdominal wall emphysema is a common complication of laparoscopic surgery. This condition is usually harmless; however, if an infection occurs, it can develop into a serious condition such as necrotizing fasciitis. We report a case of a 51-year-old woman suffering from severe cellulitis that spread from an area of abdominal wall emphysema after laparoscopic surgery for sigmoid colon cancer. Recognizing this complication, early diagnosis, and prompt treatment are cornerstones for successful management of this potentially fatal disease. PMID:25913586

  10. Development and Validation of ARKAS cellule: An Advanced Core-Bowing Analysis Code for Fast Reactors

    SciTech Connect

    Ohta, Hirokazu; Yokoo, Takeshi; Nakagawa, Masatoshi; Matsuyama, Shinichiro

    2004-05-15

    An advanced analysis code, ARKAS cellule, has been developed to determine the core distortion and the mechanical behavior of fast reactors. In this code, each hexagonal subassembly duct is represented by a folded thin plate structure divided into a user-specified number of shell elements so that the interduct contact forms and the cross-sectional distortion effect of each duct are properly taken into account. In this paper, the numerical model of the ARKAS cellule code is introduced, and the analytical results for two validation problems are presented. From a single duct compaction analysis, the first validation problem, it is clarified that the new analytical model is applicable to simulating the change of duct compaction stiffness that depends on the loading conditions such as the loading pad forms and the number of contact faces. The second validation analysis has been conducted by comparison with the experimental values obtained by the National Nuclear Corporation Limited in the United Kingdom using the core restraint uniplanar experimental rig (CRUPER), an ex-reactor rig in which a cluster of 91 short ducts is compressed by 30 movable peripheral rams toward the center of the cluster in seven stages. The analysis clarified that the predictions obtained using ARKAS cellule agree well with the measured ram loads and interwrapper gap widths during the compaction sequence. One may conclude that ARKAS cellule is valid for quantitative analysis of the core mechanical behavior and will be particularly useful for the evaluation of transient deformation of core assemblies during accidents in which the distortion of loading pads have important effects on obtaining favorable reactivity feedback.

  11. A Woman with Unilateral Rash and Fever: Cellulitis in the Setting of Lymphedema

    PubMed Central

    Joseph, Melissa; Camilon, Marissa; Kang, Tarina

    2015-01-01

    Cellulitis in the setting of lymphedema is an uncommon but clinically important presentation to the emergency department. Stagnant lymph is an ideal medium for bacterial growth and progression can be rapid due to decreased ability to fight infection in the affected area. Infections are commonly caused by gram-positive cocci, though blood cultures are often negative. Treatment should be aimed at rapid initiation of antibiotics targeting these species. There may be a role for antibiotic prophylaxis in recurrent cases. PMID:26171259

  12. Hypertrophic osteodystrophy preceding canine juvenile cellulitis in an Australian shepherd puppy

    PubMed Central

    Wentzell, Meaghan L.

    2011-01-01

    A 10-week-old intact female Australian shepherd dog was presented sternally recumbent, mildly pyrexic, and painful on long bone palpation of both forelimbs. Based on radiographs she was diagnosed with hypertrophic osteodystrophy. Analgesia was provided with intravenous, oral, and topical medications. Approximately 2 wk later she was presented for facial swelling, regional dermatitis, and lymphadenopathy. Canine juvenile cellulitis was diagnosed and successfully treated. PMID:21731101

  13. Etiology of Cellulitis and Clinical Prediction of Streptococcal Disease: A Prospective Study.

    PubMed

    Bruun, Trond; Oppegaard, Oddvar; Kittang, Bård R; Mylvaganam, Haima; Langeland, Nina; Skrede, Steinar

    2016-01-01

    Background.  The importance of bacteria other than group A streptococci (GAS) in different clinical presentations of cellulitis is unclear, commonly leading to treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics. The aim of this study was to describe the etiological and clinical spectrum of cellulitis and identify clinical features predicting streptococcal etiology. Methods.  We prospectively enrolled 216 patients hospitalized with cellulitis. Clinical details were registered. Bacterial culture was performed from blood, cutaneous or subcutaneous tissue, and/or swabs from skin lesions. Paired serum samples were analyzed for anti-streptolysin O and anti-deoxyribonuclease B antibodies. Results.  Serology or blood or tissue culture confirmed β-hemolytic streptococcal (BHS) etiology in 72% (146 of 203) of cases. An additional 13% (27 of 203) of cases had probable BHS infection, indicated by penicillin response or BHS cultured from skin swabs. β-hemolytic streptococcal etiology was predominant in all clinical subgroups, including patients without sharply demarcated erythema. β-hemolytic group C or G streptococci (GCS/GGS) were more commonly isolated than GAS (36 vs 22 cases). This predominance was found in the lower extremity infections. Group C or G streptococci in swabs were associated with seropositivity just as often as GAS. Staphylococcus aureus was cultured from swabs as a single pathogen in 24 cases, 14 (64%) of which had confirmed BHS etiology. Individual BHS-associated clinical characteristics increased the likelihood of confirmed BHS disease only slightly; positive likelihood ratios did not exceed 2.1. Conclusions.  β-hemolytic streptococci were the dominating cause of cellulitis in all clinical subgroups and among cases with S aureus in cutaneous swabs. Group C or G streptococci were more frequently detected than GAS. No single clinical feature substantially increased the probability of confirmed BHS etiology. PMID:26734653

  14. Etiology of Cellulitis and Clinical Prediction of Streptococcal Disease: A Prospective Study

    PubMed Central

    Bruun, Trond; Oppegaard, Oddvar; Kittang, Bård R.; Mylvaganam, Haima; Langeland, Nina; Skrede, Steinar

    2016-01-01

    Background. The importance of bacteria other than group A streptococci (GAS) in different clinical presentations of cellulitis is unclear, commonly leading to treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics. The aim of this study was to describe the etiological and clinical spectrum of cellulitis and identify clinical features predicting streptococcal etiology. Methods. We prospectively enrolled 216 patients hospitalized with cellulitis. Clinical details were registered. Bacterial culture was performed from blood, cutaneous or subcutaneous tissue, and/or swabs from skin lesions. Paired serum samples were analyzed for anti-streptolysin O and anti-deoxyribonuclease B antibodies. Results. Serology or blood or tissue culture confirmed β-hemolytic streptococcal (BHS) etiology in 72% (146 of 203) of cases. An additional 13% (27 of 203) of cases had probable BHS infection, indicated by penicillin response or BHS cultured from skin swabs. β-hemolytic streptococcal etiology was predominant in all clinical subgroups, including patients without sharply demarcated erythema. β-hemolytic group C or G streptococci (GCS/GGS) were more commonly isolated than GAS (36 vs 22 cases). This predominance was found in the lower extremity infections. Group C or G streptococci in swabs were associated with seropositivity just as often as GAS. Staphylococcus aureus was cultured from swabs as a single pathogen in 24 cases, 14 (64%) of which had confirmed BHS etiology. Individual BHS-associated clinical characteristics increased the likelihood of confirmed BHS disease only slightly; positive likelihood ratios did not exceed 2.1. Conclusions. β-hemolytic streptococci were the dominating cause of cellulitis in all clinical subgroups and among cases with S aureus in cutaneous swabs. Group C or G streptococci were more frequently detected than GAS. No single clinical feature substantially increased the probability of confirmed BHS etiology. PMID:26734653

  15. Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia secondary to acute right leg cellulitis: case of community-acquired infection

    PubMed Central

    Wahab, Asrul Abdul; Rahman, M.M.

    2013-01-01

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram-negative bacillus that causes wide spectrum clinical infections. However, it is most frequently associated with hospital-acquired infection. In this case a 58-year-old male with underlying hypertension and dyslipidaemia was admitted for acute right leg cellulitis. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was identified from the case, though it was not a usual suspected organism. It might be due to community-acquired infection.

  16. Radiosensibilit comparative des cellules pithliales de trache de rats aprs irradiation alpha in vitro

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kugel, C.; Bailly-Despiney, I.; Lagroye, I.; Poncy, J. L.

    1998-04-01

    The main risk in nuclear industry is the internal contamination after inhalation of high LET alpha emitters radionuclides. Main targets of pulmonary carcinogenesis are epithelial respiratory tract cells. An in vitro study was performed in order to determine if a difference in the radiosensitivity occured in epithelial cells from the trachea of two rat strains: Sprague Dawley and Wistar Furth-Fischer F344 after alpha exposure. The cells were irradiated after sedimentation in a specific well. The irradiation was performed using 241Am electrodeposited sources. The irradiation dosecloning efficiency relation was evaluated. A kinetic study of the proliferation and the clonal growth has also been investigated. La contamination interne par inhalation de radionuclides metteurs alpha de haut TEL est le risque majeur de l'industrie nuclaire. Les cibles principales de la cancrogense pulmonaire sont les cellules pithliales de l'appareil respiratoire. Une tude in vitro a t mene pour dterminer s'il existe une diffrence de radiosensibilit aux rayonnement alpha, des cellules pithliales trachales de deux souches de rats : Sprague Dawley et Wistar Furth-Fischer F344. Les cellules sont irradies sdimentes au fond d'un puit spcifique l'aide de sources lectrodposes de 241Am. L'valuation de la survie cellulaire en fonction de la dose d'irradiation est complte par un suivi cintique de la formation et de la prolifration des colonies.

  17. [Cervico-facial cellulitis during pregnancy: about a series of 10 cases in Mali].

    PubMed

    Doumbia-Singare, K; Timbo, S K; Keita, M; Ag Mohamed, A; Guindo, B; Soumaoro, S

    2014-12-01

    The objective of this work was to analyze the predisposing factors, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of cervico-facial cellulitis on pregnancies and to determine maternal-fetal prognosis. We conducted a longitudinal observational descriptive study from January 2011 to March 2013 including records from pregnant women with cervicofacial cellulitis treated at the Oto-Rhino-Laryngology (ORL) and cervico-facial surgery department at Gabriel Tour Hospital in Bamako. Ten women met our inclusion criteria. The median age was 23 years. The entry way was dental in all cases. Three women had taken antibiotics and 3 others antibiotics associated with non steroidal anti-inflammatory. The medico-surgical treatment had permitted to cure 8 cases. Two cases of death were recorded and 4 cases of stillbirths. The cervico-facial cellulitis during pregnancy is a serious pathology that can be life-threatening to the mother and or child. Prevention is based on the control of dental status and informing women about the importance of dental hygiene. PMID:25304000

  18. European ST80 community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus orbital cellulitis in a neonate

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a serious cause of morbidity and mortality in hospital environment, but also, lately, in the community. This case report is, to our knowledge, the first detailed description of a community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus ST80 orbital cellulitis in a previously healthy neonate. Possible predisposing factors of microbial acquisition and treatment selection are also discussed. Case presentation A 28-day-old Caucasian boy was referred to our hospital with the diagnosis of right orbital cellulitis. His symptoms included right eye proptosis, periocular edema and redness. Empirical therapy of intravenous daptomycin, rifampin and ceftriaxone was initiated. The culture of pus yielded a methicillin-resistant S. aureus isolate and the molecular analysis revealed that it was a Panton-Valentine leukocidine-positive ST80 strain. The combination antimicrobial therapy was continued for 42 days and the infection was successfully controlled. Conclusions Clinicians should be aware that young infants, even without any predisposing condition, are susceptible to orbital cellulitis caused by community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Prompt initiation of the appropriate empirical therapy, according to the local epidemiology, should successfully address the infection, preventing ocular and systemic complications. PMID:22490061

  19. Management of fulminant dissecting cellulitis of the scalp in the pediatric population: Case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    Arneja, Jugpal S; Vashi, Christopher N; Gursel, Eti; Lelli, Joseph L

    2007-01-01

    A case of fulminant dissecting cellulitis of the scalp in a fifteen-year-old African American male is reported. The presentation was refractory to standard medical treatment such that treatment required radical subgaleal excision of the entire hair-bearing scalp. Reconstruction was in the form of split-thickness skin grafting at the level of the pericranium following several days of vacuum-assisted closure dressing to promote an acceptable wound bed for skin grafting and to ensure appropriate clearance of infection. Numerous nonsurgical modalities have been described for the treatment of dissecting cellulitis of the scalp, with surgical intervention reserved for patients refractory to medical treatment. The present paper reports a fulminant form of the disease in an atypical age of presentation, adolescence. The pathophysiology, etiology, natural history, complications and treatment options for dissecting cellulitis of the scalp are reviewed, and the authors suggest this method of treatment to be efficacious for severe presentations refractory to medical therapy. PMID:19554179

  20. Three cases of Arcanobacterium haemolyticum associated with abscess formation and cellulitis.

    PubMed

    Dobinsky, S; Noesselt, T; Rücker, A; Maerker, J; Mack, D

    1999-11-01

    Arcanobacterium haemolyticum has been described as an unusual pathogen causing pharyngotonsillitis and systemic disease in patients with predisposing conditions. A case of soft tissue abscess with no apparent portal of entry is reported in a healthy 31-year-old man who presented with a breast tumor. A second case of abscess formation in a 50-year-old patient with complicated wound healing is presented. In addition, a case of Arcanobacterium haemolyticum cellulitis in a 25-year-old female is reported. Due to its innocuous, coryneform appearance, this pathogen is probably underreported; therefore, the diagnostic evaluation of this organism is emphasized. PMID:10614955

  1. Surgical Management and Reconstruction of Hoffman's Disease (Dissecting Cellulitis of the Scalp)

    PubMed Central

    Hintze, Justin M.; Howard, Brittany E.; Donald, Carrlene B.; Hayden, Richard E.

    2016-01-01

    Dissecting cellulitis of the scalp, or Hoffman's disease, is a rare dermatologic condition characterized by recurrent pustules and sinus tract formation leading to scarring and alopecia. Medical management includes the use of corticosteroids, antibiotics, isotretinoin, and adalimumab. In cases where the disease is severe, refractory, and intractable, surgery is an option. We report two cases of Hoffman's disease, where medical management failed to achieve remission. Surgical treatment was undertaken with complete resection of the affected scalp in staged procedures with subsequent split-thickness skin grafting for reconstruction. Surgery achieved both disease remission and excellent aesthetic outcomes in both patients. PMID:26966606

  2. Cellulitis and nodular skin lesions due to Fusarium spp in liver transplant: case report.

    PubMed

    Halpern, M; Balbi, E; Carius, L; Roma, J; Gonzalez, A C; Agoglia, L; Covelo, M; Araujo, A; Guedes, C; Alves, J; Enne, M; Martinho, J M; Pacheco, L

    2010-03-01

    Fusariosis is one of the emerging invasive fungal infections over the last decade. However, its recent rise has been in its ability to produce disseminated infection in severely immunosuppressed patients with neutropenia. In solid organ transplantation, fusariosis remains an uncommon picture mainly with nodules, subcutaneous abscesses, ulcers, or necrotic skin lesions resembling erthyma gangrenosum. Herein, we have reported a case of cellulitis, subcutaneous nodules, and abscesses due to Fusarium spp in a liver transplantation patient who was successfully treated with polyenes and surgical resection. PMID:20304202

  3. Dissecting Cellulitis of the Scalp Responding to Intravenous Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha Antagonist

    PubMed Central

    Wollina, Uwe; Gemmeke, Astrid; Koch, Andr

    2012-01-01

    The authors present the case of a 30-year-old male patient with a severe and long-standing dissecting cellulitis of the scalp. The disease did not respond to conventional treatment, including oral antibiotics, isotretinoin, and prednisolone. Quality of life was significantly impaired. After introduction of anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment (infliximab), the malodorous discharge stopped, inflammation was reduced significantly, nodules became flat, and pain decreased. The treatment was well tolerated although he developed a temporary psoriasiform rash after the second intravenous infusion. In conclusion, anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment is a new therapeutic option in this severe and recalcitrant disorder. PMID:22708007

  4. Snake bite induced cellulitis leading to infected open dislocation of the first metacarpophalangeal joint A rare complication

    PubMed Central

    Balaji, Gopisankar; Kumar, Anand; Menon, Jagdish

    2015-01-01

    Non-traumatic open dislocation of the first metacarpophalangeal joint is a rare phenomenon. We present a rare such occurrence secondary to snake bite induced cellulitis. A 22-year-old girl presented with pain and instability of her right thumb two months. She had snake bite two months back following which she developed cellulitis which gradually became infected. She presented with raw area over her dorsal aspect of the thumb with active infection. Radiographs revealed metacarpophalangeal joint dislocation. She underwent debridement, stabilisation and soft tissue coverage. At final follow up, she was pain free and the wound healed completely. PMID:26155057

  5. Imaging by ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with cellulitis.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Yiqiu; Li, Beilei; Cai, Liang; Shi, Hongcheng; Hou, Jun

    2015-01-01

    Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) quite often present in the neck but are seldom accompanied with cellulitis at the first diagnosis of the disease. We report a 56 year old woman with gradually neck swelling, which was initially treated as cellulitis. After examined by ultrasonography, computed tomography and after pathologically assessments, the diagnosis of large B-cell lymphoma was made. This case highlights the usefulness of fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT) in staging and assessing treatment response in NHL. PMID:26574700

  6. Sinonasal Melioidosis in a Returned Traveller Presenting with Nasal Cellulitis and Sinusitis

    PubMed Central

    Lim, Rebecca Sin Mei; Flatman, Sam; Dahm, Markus C.

    2013-01-01

    We illustrate a case involving a 51-year-old man who presented to a tertiary hospital with sepsis secondary to an abscess of the nasal vestibule and pustular eruptions of the nasal mucosa. Associated cellulitis extended across the face to the eye, and mucosal thickening of the sinuses was seen on computed tomography. The patient underwent incision and drainage and endoscopic sinus surgery. Blood cultures and swabs were positive for a gram-negative bacillus, Burkholderia pseudomallei. He had multiple risk factors including travel to an endemic area. The patient received extended antibiotic therapy in keeping with published national guidelines. Melioidosis is caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, found in the soil in Northern Australia and Asia. It is transmitted via cutaneous or inhaled routes, leading to pneumonia, skin or soft tissue abscesses, and genitourinary infections. Risk factors include diabetes, chronic lung disease, and alcohol abuse. It can exist as a latent, active, or reactivated infection. A high mortality rate has been identified in patients with sepsis. Melioidosis is endemic in tropical Northern Australia and northeastern Thailand where it is the most common cause of severe community-acquired sepsis. There is one other report of melioidosis in the literature involving orbital cellulitis and sinusitis. PMID:23936707

  7. Combination of cyclosporin A and prednisolone for juvenile cellulitis concurrent with hindlimb paresis in 3 English cocker spaniel puppies

    PubMed Central

    Park, Chul; Yoo, Jong-Hyun; Kim, Ha-Jung; Kang, Byeong-Teck; Park, Hee-Myung

    2010-01-01

    Three 7-week-old, English cocker spaniel littermates were diagnosed as having juvenile cellulitis with concurrent neurologic signs based on history, histopathology, and therapeutic response. The puppies were treated with cyclosporin A and prednisolone. Skin lesions and hindlimb paresis improved following treatment. PMID:21286328

  8. Comparing short to standard duration of antibiotic therapy for patients hospitalized with cellulitis (DANCE): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Recommended therapy duration for patients hospitalized with cellulitis is 10–14 days. Unnecessary use of antibiotics is one of the key factors driving resistance. Recent studies have shown that antibiotic therapy for cellulitis in outpatients can safely be shortened, despite residual inflammation. This study will compare in hospitalized patients the safety and effectiveness of shortening antibiotic therapy for cellulitis from 12 to 6 days. Methods/design In a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, non-inferiority trial, adult patients admitted with cellulitis will be included. Cellulitis is defined as warmth, erythema, and induration of the skin and/or subcutaneous tissue, with or without pain (including erysipelas). All patients will initially be treated with intravenous flucloxacillin, and will be evaluated after 5–6 days. Those who have improved substantially (defined as being afebrile, and having a lower cellulitis severity score) will be randomized at day 6 between additional 6 days of oral flucloxacillin (n = 198) or placebo (n = 198). Treatment success is defined as resolution of cellulitis on day 14 (disappearance of warmth and tenderness, improvement of erythema and edema), without the need of additional antibiotics for cellulitis by day 28. Secondary endpoints are relapse rate (up to day 90), speed of recovery (using a cellulitis severity score until day 28, and VAS scores on pain and swelling until day 90), quality of life (using the SF-36 and EQ-5D questionnaires) and costs (associated with total antibiotic use and health-care resource utilization up to day 90). Discussion Inclusion is planned to start in Q2 2014. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02032654) and the Netherlands Trial Register (NTR4360). PMID:24885384

  9. Suppurative Meckel Diiverticulum in a 3-Year-Old Girl Presenting with Periumbilical Cellulitis

    PubMed Central

    Park, Ji Sook; Lim, Chun Woo; Park, Taejin; Cho, Jae-Min; Youn, Hee-Shang

    2015-01-01

    Meckel diverticulum (MD) is one of the most common congenital gastrointestinal anomalies and occurs in 1.2-2% of the general population. MD usually presents with massive painless rectal bleeding, intestinal obstruction or inflammation in children and adults. Suppurative Meckel diverticulitis is uncommon in children. An experience is described of a 3-year-old girl with suppurative inflammation in a tip of MD. She complained of acute colicky abdominal pain, vomiting and periumbilical erythema. Laparoscopic surgery found a relatively long MD with necrotic and fluid-filled cystic end, which was attatched to abdominal wall caused by inflammation. Herein, we report an interesting and unusual case of a suppurative Meckel diverticulitis presenting as periumbilical cellulitis in a child. Because of its varied presentations, MD might always be considered as one of the differential diagonosis. PMID:25866736

  10. A 52-Year-Old Man With a Tuft Fracture and Hand Cellulitis.

    PubMed

    McCallum, James; Kamienski, Mary

    2015-01-01

    A 52-year-old man presented to the emergency department (ED) 1 week after getting his right index finger shut in a car door. The patient complained of right index finger pain. His entire hand was edematous and reddened. After evaluation in the ED and x-ray, the patient was diagnosed with a tuft fracture, right index finger/hand cellulitis, and possible osteomyelitis. The patient received tetanus diphtheria i.m., vancomycin 1 g i.v., and ceftriaxone (Rocephin) 2 g i.v. while in the ED and was admitted with referral to a hand specialist. The patient was discharged after 10 days of parental antibiotics. He has a history of sarcoidosis, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and scleroderma. He is currently not taking any medications and denies allergies to medications and latex. The patient had no significant somatic findings. He was afebrile. PMID:26375833

  11. Leprosy type-I reaction episode mimicking facial cellulitis-the importance of early diagnosis*

    PubMed Central

    Fernandes, Tania Rita Moreno de Oliveira; Brando, Graziele quila de Souza; Souza, Bruno de Castro e

    2015-01-01

    Leprosy is aneasily recognizable disease due to its dermato-neurological manifestations. It must be present in the physicians diagnostic repertoire, especially for those working in endemic areas. However, leprosy reaction is not always easily recognized by non-dermatologists, becoming one of the major problems in the management of patients with leprosy, as it presents clinical complications characterized by inflammatory process, accompanied by pain, malaise and sometimes the establishment or worsening of the patients disabilities. We report the case of a patient with type-1 periorbital reaction admitted to the hospital, diagnosed and treated as facial cellulitis, whose late diagnosis may have contributed to the appearance or worsening of facial neuritis. PMID:26312679

  12. Osteomyelitis of Maxilla in Infantile With Periorbital Cellulitis: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Feng, Zhiqiang; Chen, Xufeng; Cao, Fengdi; Lai, Renfa; Lin, Qiang

    2015-10-01

    Infantile osteomyelitis (IO) is an uncommon and life-threatening disease that can be misdiagnosed. Early diagnosis and treatment can reduce the incidence of sequel.In this case report, we present a 25-day-old male infant with apparent edema in the entire left periorbital region. Intraorally, the edema occurred in the mucosa of the upper left alveolar region, and 2 draining fistulas with exuded yellow-white pus were present in the left alveolar region. The patient received constant monitoring after admission, and was diagnosed as IO of the maxilla with periorbital cellulitis and sepsis. He also received incision and drainage and anti-inflammatory treatment. After discharge, the patient was followed up for 3 months by phone call, but no recurrence of symptoms was found.Infantile osteomyelitis is rare in clinic. This case report reminds us of the significance of IO and provides some implications on its diagnosis and treatment. PMID:26448016

  13. Revetements antireflet-passivation a base de nitrure de silicium PECVD pour cellules solaires triple-jonction III-V/ Ge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Homier, Ram

    Dans le contexte environnemental actuel, le photovoltaque bnficie de l'augmentation des efforts de recherche dans le domaine des nergies renouvelables. Pour rduire le cot de la production d'lectricit par conversion directe de l'nergie lumineuse en lectricit, le photovoltaque concentr est intressant. Le principe est de concentrer une grande quantit d'nergie lumineuse sur des petites surfaces de cellules solaires multi-jonction haute efficacit. Lors de la fabrication d'une cellule solaire, il est essentiel d'inclure une mthode pour rduire la rflexion de la lumire la surface du dispositif. Le design d'un revtement antireflet (ARC) pour cellules solaires multi-jonction prsente des dfis cause de la large bande d'absorption et du besoin d'galiser le courant produit par chaque sous-cellule. Le nitrure de silicium dpos par PECVD en utilisant des conditions standards est largement utilis dans l'industrie des cellules solaires base de silicium. Cependant, ce dilectrique prsente de l'absorption dans la plage des courtes longueurs d'onde. Nous proposons l'utilisation du nitrure de silicium dpos par PECVD basse frquence (LFSiN) optimis pour avoir un haut indice de rfraction et une faible absorption optique pour l'ARC pour cellules solaires triple-jonction III-V/Ge. Ce matriau peut aussi servir de couche de passivation/encapsulation. Les simulations montrent que l'ARC double couche SiO2/LFSiN peut tre trs efficace pour rduire les pertes par rflexion dans la plage de longueurs d'onde de la sous-cellule limitante autant pour des cellules solaires triple-jonction limites par la sous-cellule du haut que pour celles limites par la sous-cellule du milieu. Nous dmontrons aussi que la performance de la structure est robuste par rapport aux fluctuations des paramtres des couches PECVD (paisseurs, indice de rfraction). Mots-cls : Photovoltaque concentr (CPV), cellules solaires multi-jonction (MJSC), revtement antireflet (ARC), passivation des semiconducteurs III-V, nitrure de silicium (Si?Ny), PECVD.

  14. Prevalence and predictors of initial oral antibiotic treatment failure in adult emergency department patients with cellulitis: a pilot study

    PubMed Central

    Quirke, Michael; Boland, Fiona; Fahey, Tom; O'Sullivan, Ronan; Hill, Arnold; Stiell, Ian; Wakai, Abel

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Assessment of cellulitis severity in the emergency department (ED) setting is problematic. Given the lack of research performed to describe the epidemiology and management of cellulitis, it is unsurprising that heterogeneous antibiotic prescribing and poor adherence to guidelines is common. It has been shown that up to 20.5% of ED patients with cellulitis require either a change in route or dose of the initially prescribed antibiotic regimen. The current treatment failure rate for empirically prescribed oral antibiotic therapy in Irish EDs is unknown. The association of patient risk factors with treatment failure has not been described in our setting. Lower prevalence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus-associated infection, differing antibiotic prescribing preferences and varying availability of outpatient intravenous therapy programmes may result in different rates of empiric antibiotic treatment failure from those previously described. Methods and analysis Consecutive ED patients with cellulitis will be enrolled on a 24/7 basis from 3 Irish EDs. A prespecified set of clinical variables will be measured on each patient discharged on empiric oral antibiotic therapy. A second independent study recruiter will assess at least 10% of cases for each of the predictor variables. Follow-up by telephone call will occur at 14?days for all discharged patients where measurement of the primary outcome will occur. Our primary outcome is treatment failure, defined as a change in route of antibiotic administration from oral to intravenous antibiotic. Our secondary outcome is change in dose or type of prescribed antibiotic. A cohort of approximately 152 patients is required to estimate the proportion of patients failing oral antibiotic treatment with a margin of error of 0.05 around the estimate. Ethics and dissemination Full ethics approval has been granted. An integrated dissemination plan, involving diverse clinical specialties and enrolled patients, is described. Trial registration number NCT 02230813. PMID:26112223

  15. Risk Factors for Community-associated Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus Cellulitis - and the Value of Recognition

    PubMed Central

    Tice, Alan D; Grandinetti, Andrew; Chow, Dominic

    2010-01-01

    Objectives To identify the risk factors for community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) cellulitis. Methods A review of risk factors for CA-MRSA skin and soft tissue infection in previously published literature was first performed. A retrospective cohort study was then conducted in a teaching ambulatory-care clinic of a tertiary medical center in Honolulu, Hawaii. Results Of 137 cases with cellulitis diagnosed from January 2005 to December 2007, MRSA was recovered from 85 (62%) of patients who presented with either abscesses or skin ulcers. The recovery of MRSA was significantly associated with obesity (p=0.01), presence of abscesses (p=0.01), and lesions involving the head and neck (p=0.04). Independent risk factors by multivariate logistic regression analysis included the presence of abscesses [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.72; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.275.83; p=0.01] and obesity (aOR 2.33; 95% CI 1.104.97; p =0.03). Patients with CA-MRSA were less likely to receive an appropriate antibiotic (p=0.04) and were more likely to require antibiotic change at evaluation in one week (p=0.04) compared with patients infected with non-MRSA bacteria. Conclusions The presence of abscesses and obesity were signifi cantly associated with CA-MRSA cellulitis. Empiric therapy with antibiotics active against MRSA should be guided by these risk factors. PMID:21229486

  16. Carcinome rénal à cellules chromophobes: à propos de quatre cas et revue de la literature

    PubMed Central

    Othmane, Yddoussalah; Mounir, Lahyani; Tarik, Karmouni; Khalid, Elkhader; Abdellatif, Koutani; Ahmed, Ibn Attya Andaloussi

    2015-01-01

    Nous rapportons dans cet article trois cas de carcinome rénal à cellules chromophobes. Le carcinome chromophobe se voit essentiellement à la cinquième décennie et représente 5% des tumeurs rénales. Il existe deux sous types de cancer à cellules chromophobes: le type clair (70%) et le type éosinophile. La variante à cellules éosinophiles doit être distinguée de l'oncocytome. Ce dernier se caractérise par une cicatrice fibreuse centrale d'aspect stellaire. Le carcinome chromophobe et l'oncocytome peuvent même coexister dans le cadre du syndrome de Birt-Hogg-Dubé. Certaines tumeurs appelées hybrides partagent des caractéristiques architecturales et cytologiques de ces deux tumeurs. Le pronostic du carcinome chromophobe est favorable. Il est le plus souvent limité au rein et de bas grade nucléaire. Il semblerait donc licite dans les cas ou un examen extemporané mettrait en évidence une tumeur chromophobe, de limiter l'intervention à une néphrectomie partielle si elle est techniquement réalisable. PMID:26889304

  17. Necrotizing cellulitis with multiple abscesses on the leg caused by Serratia marcescens.

    PubMed

    Hau, Estelle; Bouaziz, Jean-David; Lafaurie, Matthieu; Saussine, Anne; Masson, Vincent; Rausky, Jonathan; Bagot, Martine; Guibal, Fabien

    2016-03-01

    Serratia marcescens is an unusual cause of severe skin infection initially described in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of necrotizing cellulitis of the leg caused by S marcescens in a 68-year-old woman with diabetes mellitus and a history of chronic lymphoedema of the leg. We reviewed the literature and found 49 cases of severe skin infections from S marcescens that included 20 cases of necrotizing fasciitis (NF) as well as 29 cases of severe skin infections without NF (non-NF cases). Patients were immunocompromised in 59% to 70% of cases. The mortality rate was high in NF cases (60%) versus non-NF cases (3%). Surgery was required in 95% of NF cases and in 24% of non-NF cases. The other clinical manifestations of S marcescens skin infection reported in the literature included disseminated papular eruptions in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus with folliculitis on the trunk. Serratia marcescens is naturally resistant to amoxicillin alone and amoxicillin associated with clavulanic acid. Broad-spectrum antibiotics are indicated to treat S marcescens skin infections, and surgery should be promptly considered in cases of severe skin infections if appropriate antibiotic therapy does not lead to rapid improvement. PMID:27023094

  18. Laser Capture Microdissection of Feline Streptomyces spp Pyogranulomatous Dermatitis and Cellulitis.

    PubMed

    Traslavina, R P; Reilly, C M; Vasireddy, R; Samitz, E M; Stepnik, C T; Outerbridge, C; Affolter, V K; Byrne, B A; Lowenstine, L J; White, S D; Murphy, B

    2015-11-01

    Suspected Streptomyces spp infections were identified in 4 cats at UC Davis Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital between 1982 and 2011. Three had ulcerated, dark red mycetomas involving the dermis, subcutis, and fascia with fistulous tracts and/or regional lymphadenopathy. One cat had pyogranulomatous mesenteric lymphadenitis. Granulomatous inflammation in all cats contained colonies of Gram-positive, non-acid-fast organisms. All 4 cats failed to respond to aggressive medical and surgical treatment and were euthanized. Laser capture microdissection (LCM) was used to selectively harvest DNA from the affected formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissues. Cloned amplicons from LCM-derived tissue confirmed the presence of Streptomyces spp in the dermatitis cases. Amplicons from the remaining cat with peritoneal involvement aligned with the 16S ribosomal RNA gene for Actinomycetales. Usually considered a contaminant, Streptomyces spp can be associated with refractory pyogranulomatous dermatitis and cellulitis in cats with outdoor access. LCM is useful in the diagnosis of bacterial diseases where contamination may be an issue. PMID:25516065

  19. A case of cellulitis of the hands caused by a predatory bird attack.

    PubMed

    Khan, M Adil Abbas; Farid, Mohammed; Sobani, Zain A; Ali, Syed Nadir; Malick, Huzaifa; Baqir, Maryam; Sharif, Hasanat; Beg, M Asim

    2011-04-01

    Many species have been drastically affected by rapid urbanization. Harris's hawks from their natural habitat of open spaces and a supply of rodents, lizards and other small prey have been forced to change their natural environment adapting to living in open spaces in sub- and peri-urban areas. Specific areas include playgrounds, parks and school courtyards. The migration of this predatory species into these areas poses a risk to individuals, and especially the children are often attacked by claws, talons and beaks intentionally or as collateral damage while attacking rodent prey. In addition, the diverse micro-organisms harbored in the beaks and talons can result in wound infections, presenting a challenge to clinical management. Here we would like to present a case of an 80-year-old man with cellulitis of both hands after sustaining minor injuries from the talons of a Harris's hawk and review the management options. We would also like to draw attention to the matter that, even though previously a rarity, more cases of injuries caused by birds of prey may be seen in hospital settings. PMID:23569751

  20. Rgulation de la production, par des cellules endothliales, de cytokines pro-inflammatoires aprs irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van der Meeren, A.; Lafont, H.; Math, D.

    1998-04-01

    Gamma irradiation leads to an increased production of interleukin- (IL)-6 and IL-8 by human endothelial cells. In order to regulate the radio-induced production of these pro-inflammatory cytokines, we used the immunoregulatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10. These agents were added either before or after a 10 Gy-irradiation. Our results show that it is possible to decrease the radio-induced production of IL-6 and IL-8 with the use of IL-4 and IL-10. Differences in the intensity of the response have been observed according to the time of treatment. The anti-inflammatory potential of both IL-4 and IL-10 was more pronounced when added after irradiation. Aprs irradiation gamma, des cellules endothliales humaines ont une production accrue des interleukines (IL-) -6 et -8. Dans le but de rguler la production de ces cytokines pro-inflammatoires, nous avons utilis des cytokines dites anti-inflammatoires, l'IL-4 et l'IL-10. Ces agents ont t ajouts soit avant soit aprs une irradiation de 10Gy. Nos rsultats montrent qu'il est possible de diminuer les productions radio-induites d'IL-6 et d'IL-8 par l'IL-4 et l'IL-10. Des diffrences dans l'intensit de la rponse ont toutefois t observes selon que l'IL-4 ou l'IL-10 ont t ajoutes avant ou aprs irradiation; leur efficacit anti-inflammatoire tant plus marque lorsque les cytokines sont ajoutes aprs l'irradiation.

  1. Prophylactic antibiotics for the prevention of cellulitis (erysipelas) of the leg: results of the U.K. Dermatology Clinical Trials Networks PATCH II trial

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Summary Background Cellulitis (erysipelas) of the leg is a common, painful infection of the skin and underlying tissue. Repeat episodes are frequent, cause significant morbidity and result in high health service costs. Objectives To assess whether prophylactic antibiotics prescribed after an episode of cellulitis of the leg can prevent further episodes. Methods Double-blind, randomized controlled trial including patients recently treated for an episode of leg cellulitis. Recruitment took place in 20 hospitals. Randomization was by computer-generated code, and treatments allocated by post from a central pharmacy. Participants were enrolled for a maximum of 3 years and received their randomized treatment for the first 6 months of this period. Results Participants (n = 123) were randomized (31% of target due to slow recruitment). The majority (79%) had suffered one episode of cellulitis on entry into the study. The primary outcome of time to recurrence of cellulitis included all randomized participants and was blinded to treatment allocation. The hazard ratio (HR) showed that treatment with penicillin reduced the risk of recurrence by 47% [HR 053, 95% confidence interval (CI) 026107, P = 008]. In the penicillin V group 12/60 (20%) had a repeat episode compared with 21/63 (33%) in the placebo group. This equates to a number needed to treat (NNT) of eight participants in order to prevent one repeat episode of cellulitis [95% CI NNT(harm) 48 to ? to NNT(benefit) 3]. We found no difference between the two groups in the number of participants with oedema, ulceration or related adverse events. Conclusions Although this trial was limited by slow recruitment, and the result failed to achieve statistical significance, it provides the best evidence available to date for the prevention of recurrence of this debilitating condition. PMID:21910701

  2. Cellulitis: Home Or Inpatient in Children from the Emergency Department (CHOICE): protocol for a randomised controlled trial

    PubMed Central

    Ibrahim, Laila F; Babl, Franz E; Orsini, Francesca; Hopper, Sandy M; Bryant, Penelope A

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Children needing intravenous antibiotics for cellulitis are usually admitted to hospital, whereas adults commonly receive intravenous treatment at home. This is a randomised controlled trial (RCT) of intravenous antibiotic treatment of cellulitis in children comparing administration of ceftriaxone at home with standard care of flucloxacillin in hospital. The study aims to compare (1) the rate of treatment failure at home versus hospital (2) the safety of treatment at home versus hospital; and (3) the effect of exposure to short course ceftriaxone versus flucloxacillin on nasal and gut micro-organism resistance patterns and the clinical implications. Methods and analysis Inclusion criteria: children aged 6 months to <18 years with uncomplicated moderate/severe cellulitis, requiring intravenous antibiotics. Exclusions: complicated cellulitis (eg, orbital, foreign body) and immunosuppressed or toxic patients. The study is a single-centre, open-label, non-inferiority RCT. It is set in the emergency department (ED) at the Royal Children's Hospital (RCH) in Melbourne, Australia and the Hospital-in-the-Home (HITH) programme; a home-care programme, which provides outreach from RCH. Recruitment will occur in ED from January 2015 to December 2016. Participants will be randomised to either treatment in hospital, or transfer home under the HITH programme. The calculated sample size is 188 patients (94 per group) and data will be analysed by intention-to-treat. Primary outcome: treatment failure defined as a change in treatment due to lack of clinical improvement according to the treating physician or adverse events, within 48 h Secondary outcomes: readmission to hospital, representation, adverse events, length of stay, microbiological results, development of resistance, cost-effectiveness, patient/parent satisfaction. This study has started recruitment. Ethics and dissemination This study has been approved by the Human Research Ethics Committee of the RCH Melbourne (34254C) and registered with the ClinicalTrials.gov registry (NCT02334124). We aim to disseminate the findings through international peer-reviewed journals and conferences. Clinical trial Pre-results. PMID:26754176

  3. Genotypes and Pathogenicity of Cellulitis Isolates Reveal Traits That Modulate APEC Virulence

    PubMed Central

    Barbieri, Nicolle Lima; de Oliveira, Aline Luísa; Tejkowski, Thiago Moreira; Pavanelo, Daniel Brisotto; Rocha, Débora Assumpção; Matter, Letícia Beatriz; Callegari-Jacques, Sidia Maria; de Brito, Benito Guimarães; Horn, Fabiana

    2013-01-01

    We characterized 144 Escherichia coli isolates from severe cellulitis lesions in broiler chickens from South Brazil. Analysis of susceptibility to 15 antimicrobials revealed frequencies of resistance of less than 30% for most antimicrobials except tetracycline (70%) and sulphonamides (60%). The genotyping of 34 virulence-associated genes revealed that all the isolates harbored virulence factors related to adhesion, iron acquisition and serum resistance, which are characteristic of the avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) pathotype. ColV plasmid-associated genes (cvi/cva, iroN, iss, iucD, sitD, traT, tsh) were especially frequent among the isolates (from 66.6% to 89.6%). According to the Clermont method of ECOR phylogenetic typing, isolates belonged to group D (47.2%), to group A (27.8%), to group B2 (17.4%) and to group B1 (7.6%); the group B2 isolates contained the highest number of virulence-associated genes. Clonal relationship analysis using the ARDRA method revealed a similarity level of 57% or higher among isolates, but no endemic clone. The virulence of the isolates was confirmed in vivo in one-day-old chicks. Most isolates (72.9%) killed all infected chicks within 7 days, and 65 isolates (38.1%) killed most of them within 24 hours. In order to analyze differences in virulence among the APEC isolates, we created a pathogenicity score by combining the times of death with the clinical symptoms noted. By looking for significant associations between the presence of virulence-associated genes and the pathogenicity score, we found that the presence of genes for invasins ibeA and gimB and for group II capsule KpsMTII increased virulence, while the presence of pic decreased virulence. The fact that ibeA, gimB and KpsMTII are characteristic of neonatal meningitis E. coli (NMEC) suggests that genes of NMEC in APEC increase virulence of strains. PMID:23977279

  4. Tests of Nacelle-Propeller Combinations in Various Positions with Reference to Wings V : Clark Y Biplane Cellule - NACA Cowled Nacelle - Tractor Propeller

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Valentine, E Floyd

    1935-01-01

    This report is the fifth of a series giving the results obtained from wind tunnel tests on the interference drag and propulsive efficiency of nacelle-propeller-wing combinations. This report gives results of tests of an NACA cowled air-cooled engine nacelle with tractor propeller located in 12 positions with reference to a Clark Y biplane cellule.

  5. Sarcome à cellules claires du rein : À propos d’un cas chez un jeune de 17 ans

    PubMed Central

    Mazdar, Adil; Sakel, Adil Ait; Essatara, Younes; Beddouche, Ali; Elsayegh, Hachem; Iken, Ali; Benslimane, Lounis; Nouini, Yassine

    2014-01-01

    Résumé Le sarcome à cellules claires du rein (SCCR) se voit très rarement chez les jeunes. Il est caractérisé par une évolution agressive marquée par un taux élevé de récidive et de mortalité. Nous rapportons le cas d’un SCCR chez un patient de 17 ans et nous discutons de son apport et de son intérêt médical en vue d’une bonne prise en charge thérapeutique. L’agressivité du SCCR et la prolifération de métastases surtout osseuses impliquent qu’il ne faut pas méconnaître ce diagnostic afin de mettre en place un traitement adapté. PMID:24940474

  6. [Pre-septal orbital cellulitis from odentogenic origin--combined surgical and endodontic approach: a case report].

    PubMed

    Blanc, O; Steinbock, N; Rabinovich, I; Rachmiel, A; Peled, M

    2004-07-01

    Orbital abscesses are common infectious diseases. The etiology of orbital abscesses may vary from common sinusitis in most of the cases, to cocaine sniffing. As a result of the proximity to the brain, orbital abscesses may complicate to life threatening situations. The infectious process spreads to the orbit in several ways: hematogenous, via anatomic spaces in the maxillofacial region, direct invasion. The treatment philosophy combines surgical and Antibiotic therapy to resolve the acute phase of the disease, followed by elimination of the source. The purpose of this paper is to report a case of pre septal orbital cellulitis, that was treated surgically combined with endodontic therapy. To describe the different subtypes of orbital abscesses, differential diagnosis, imaging and treatment options. PMID:15503983

  7. A Homeopathic Arnica Patch for the Relief of Cellulitis-derived Pain and Numbness in the Hand

    PubMed Central

    Kaszkin-Bettag, Marietta

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: Arnica montana, belonging to the Compositae family, is a plant with a longstanding tradition of relieving pain and/or inflammation in muscles and joints and may thus represent an alternative to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, which are often ineffective or lead to a number of adverse effects. A homeopathic arnica patch (3X dilution according to the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States) was developed to alleviate pain symptoms in the back and neck muscles and joints. Case Presentation: The present case report describes the treatment outcome after administration of the arnica patch in a 55-year-old female patient with pain in the right hand and numbness in the fourth finger after cellulitis in the palmar area. The cellulitis was treated with antibiotics, but pain symptoms remained at 7 points on a 0-to-10point visual analog scale (VAS) for pain despite intake of oral ibuprofen and oral and topical application of an arnica-containing complex homeopathic ointment. Ten arnica patches were dispensed to the patient. She cut the patch into strips to cover all painful areas of the hand and applied them at night. After 3 days, she reported a substantial decrease in pain symptoms (VAS = 1) and a marked decrease in numbness and in the size of a tender nodule on the third metacarpal area. Moreover, the patient was able to sleep through the night without being awakened by the pain. The symptoms declined further during the next 2 days. Conclusion: This case demonstrates that after a relatively short period of time, the administration of the arnica patch on the hand provided a marked reduction of pain and recovery of functionality of the hand. PMID:24278813

  8. Radiorésistance liée à l'hypoxie : de la cellule à l'homme

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guichard, M.; Stern, S.; Lartigau, E.

    1998-04-01

    Most experimental tumours contain experimental hypoxic cells located either far from the vessels or close to collaped vessels. The radioresistance of these cellscan be reduced by different treatments and, the best one will depend on the proportion of cells in the two categories of hypoxia. In patients, hypoxic areas have been detected in most solid tumours. The outcome of hypoxia during the course of an accelerated radiotherapy treatment is in progresse as well as the efficacy of carbogen (95% O2 5% CO2) to improve radiotherapy. We participate to the development of predictive assays of the tumour response to an irradiation. La plupart des tumeurs expérimentales renferment des cellules hypoxiques clonogènes situées soit à une certaine distance des vaisseaux soit au contact de vaisseaux collabés. La radiorésistance de ces cellules peut être réduite par différents procédés ; le meilleur traitement dépend de la proportion de celles dans les deux catégories d'hypoxie. Chez l'homme, des zones hypoxiques ont été mises en évidence dans la plupart des tumeurs solides. Le devenir de l'hypoxie au cours d'une radiothérapie accélérée ainsi que l'efficacité du carbogène (95 % O2- 5 % CO2) pour améliorer la radiothérapie sont en cours d'étude. Nous participons également au développement de teste prédicitifs de la réponse tumorale à une irradiation.

  9. Carcinome à cellule vitreuse du col de l'utérus: à propos d'un cas et revue de littérature

    PubMed Central

    Hakimi, Ihssane; Zazi, Abdelghani; Chahdi, Hafsa; Guelzim, Khalid; Kouach, Jaouad; Babahabib, Myabdellah; Elhassani, Myehdi; Rahali, Driss Moussaoui; Dehayni, Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    Le carcinome à cellule vitreuse du col de l'utérus est un type de histologique rare de cancer du col de l'utérus qui survient à un âge plus jeune, et s'associe au risque élevé d’échec thérapeutique et le pronostic est plus mauvais en comparaison au type cellulaire squameux. La radiothérapie est associée au risque diminué de récidive. Le but de cette étude est de récapituler à travers d'une observation et une revue de littérature les données sur l'incidence, le comportement clinique et la survie globale de patients avec le carcinome à cellule vitreuse du col de l'utérus. PMID:26664556

  10. Number of flocks on the same litter and carcase condemnations due to cellulitis, arthritis and contact foot-pad dermatitis in broilers.

    PubMed

    Xavier, D B; Broom, D M; McManus, C M P; Torres, C; Bernal, F E M

    2010-10-01

    1. This study was conducted to verify the impact of different kinds of material and the number of times of litter reuse on the incidence of chicken pathologies. Approximately 45 million broilers from conventional Brazilian farms were evaluated in the abattoir for cellulitis, arthritis and contact foot-pad dermatitis. 2. Four different kinds of litter material, Brachiaria grass, corncob, sawdust and rice shell, were used. Brachiaria grass litter showed the highest incidence of contact foot-pad dermatitis. Corncob litter also showed some negative effects on foot quality. Broilers raised on rice shell litter showed good results in terms of the incidence of contact foot-pad dermatitis. The best results were obtained with sawdust litter, because the incidence of cellulitis and arthritis were the lowest and the incidence of contact foot-pad dermatitis was also very low. PMID:21058060

  11. Extraction and analysis of cosmetic active ingredients from an anti-cellulitis transdermal delivery system by high-performance liquid chromatography.

    PubMed

    Morganti, P; Fionda, A; Elia, U; Tiberi, L

    1999-02-01

    A new transdermal delivery system that controls cellulitis is evaluated using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with photodiode array detection. An extraction procedure and the validation of the analytical method to assay the active excipients from the Centella asiatica plant (asiaticoside, madacessic acid, and asiatic acid) are described. Excellent results ae obtained in terms of linearity, accuracy, and specificity of the analytical method. PMID:10065405

  12. Etude des phenomenes chimiques au contact entre le bloc cathodique et la barre collectrice d'une cellule d'electrolyse d'aluminium

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lebeuf, Martin

    La production d'aluminium est une industrie importante au Qubec. Les proprits de ce mtal le vouent de multiples usages prsents et futurs dans le cadre d'une conomie moderne durable. Toutefois, le procd Hall-Hroult est trs nergivore et des progrs demeurent donc ncessaires pour en diminuer les cots financiers et environnementaux. Parmi les amliorations envisageables de la cellule d'lectrolyse se trouve le contact entre la cathode et la barre collectrice, qui doit offrir une faible rsistivit au passage du courant lectrique. En cours d'opration de la cellule, ce contact a tendance se dgrader, gnrant des pertes nergtiques significatives. Les causes de cette dgradation, pouvant provenir de phnomnes chimiques, thermiques, mcaniques et/ou lectriques, demeurent mal comprises. Le but du prsent projet tait donc d'tudier les phnomnes chimiques se produisant au contact bloc-barre de la cellule d'lectrolyse Hall-Hroult. En premier lieu, un aspect crucial considrer est la pntration du bain lectrolytique dans la cathode, car des composs de bain atteignent ventuellement la barre collectrice et peuvent y ragir. A cet effet, une mthode novatrice a t dveloppe afin d'tudier les cathodes et la pntration du bain dans celles-ci l'aide de la microtomographie rayons X. Cette mthode rapide et efficace s'est avre fort utile dans le projet et a un potentiel important pour l'tude future des cathodes et des phnomnes qui s'y produisent. Ensuite, une cellule d'lectrolyse rectangulaire petite chelle a t dveloppe. Plusieurs phnomnes observs 'en industrie sur des autopsies de cellules post-opration et rapports dans la littrature ont t reproduis avec succs l'aide de cette cellule exprimentale. Puis, des tests sans lectrolyse, ciblant l'effet du bain lectrolytique sur l'acier, ont aussi t conus et complts afin de sgrger l'influence des diffrents paramtres en jeu. L'analyse des rsultats de l'ensemble de ces tests a permis de constater diffrents phnomnes au contact bloc-barre, dont la prsence systmatique de NaF et, surtout, de ?-Al 2O3. Outre la carburation invitable de la barre collectrice, la formation d'une couche Fe-Al a aussi t observe, favorise par une pntration rapide du bain lectrolytique dans la cathode ainsi que par une composition de bain acide en surface de la barre. Cette couche comportait par ailleurs des cristaux de ?-Al 2O3 pouvant nuire sa conductivit lectrique. Ensuite, des ratios de bain entre 2.5 et 4.9, une mince couche contenant les lments Al et N peut se former en surface de la barre. Pour un bain trs basique (> 6.0), c'est plutt une couche Na 2O qui a t observe. En conditions d'lectrolyse mais sans une pntration rapide du bain dans la cathode, du Na a pu carrment pntrer dans la barre collectrice, prfrentiellement avec le carbone. De plus, de la corrosion ainsi que des couches de fer et d'oxyde de fer peuvent se former sur la barre et potentiellement dgrader la qualit du contact lectrique. Pour la suite des travaux, des mesures de rsistivit ainsi que l'analyse des chantillons industriels permettraient d'valuer l'impact de ces phnomnes sur la qualit du contact. Mots-cls : lectrolyse, aluminium, Hall-Hroult, interface barre-cathode, bain lectrolytique.

  13. Non-Necrotizing Streptococcal Cellulitis as a Cause of Acute, Atraumatic Compartment Syndrome of the Foot: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Toney, James; Donovan, Stephanie; Adelman, Vanessa; Adelman, Ronald

    2016-01-01

    Acute compartment syndrome is widely accepted as a surgical emergency. Most cases of acute compartment syndrome occur after high-energy trauma, especially crush injuries. We present a unique case of acute, atraumatic compartment syndrome of the foot associated with infectious cellulitis. A 53-year-old male, with a medical history significant for human immunodeficiency virus, presented to the emergency department secondary to an insidious onset of intense foot pain, swelling, and an inability to bear weight on the affected extremity. He had no history of recent trauma. He was admitted to the hospital because of a suspected infection and subsequently was given intravenous antibiotics. During the admission, he developed a severe infection, and blood cultures demonstrated growth of group A streptococcus. No abscess or hematoma was identified on magnetic resonance imaging or during exploratory surgery. The findings from intraoperative cultures were negative. Despite proper medical care for his infection, the lower extremity pain worsened; therefore, compartmental pressures were obtained at the bedside. Multiple compartment pressures were measured and were >40 mm Hg. Compartment syndrome was diagnosed, and the patient was taken to the operating room for emergent fasciotomies. Surgical release of the medial, lateral, interosseous, and adductor compartments revealed copious amounts of serosanguinous drainage. Again, no definitive hematoma or purulence was identified. The patient's symptoms resolved after the fasciotomies, and he healed uneventfully. Our case highlights the need to consider acute compartment syndrome in the differential diagnosis for pain out of proportion to the clinical situation, even when a traditional etiology is absent. PMID:25981442

  14. Clinical Manifestations and Therapeutic Management of Vulvar Cellulitis and Abscess: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Necrotizing Fasciitis, Bartholin Abscess, Crohn Disease of the Vulva, Hidradenitis Suppurativa.

    PubMed

    Wood, Sara C

    2015-09-01

    Infections of the vulva can present a complex differential to the gynecologist, ranging from superficial skin infections to life-threatening necrotizing fasciitis. Recognition and timely treatment remain universal to skin and soft-tissue infections as the subcutaneous anatomy of the vulva can facilitate rapid spread to other tissues with significant morbidity and mortality. Ineffective antibiotics or deferring necessary surgical debridement have proven to be costly to the patient, and the gynecologist must maintain an appropriately high index of suspicion. Employing a multidisciplinary team approach to care for vulvar cellulitis can guide treatment from antibiotic therapies to more aggressive surgical debridement. PMID:26125959

  15. Dissecting cellulitis (Perifolliculitis Capitis Abscedens et Suffodiens): a comprehensive review focusing on new treatments and findings of the last decade with commentary comparing the therapies and causes of dissecting cellulitis to hidradenitis suppurativa.

    PubMed

    Scheinfeld, Noah

    2014-05-01

    Dissecting cellulitis (DC) also referred to as to as perifolliculitis capitis abscedens et suffodiens (Hoffman) manifests with perifollicular pustules, nodules, abscesses and sinuses that evolve into scarring alopecia. In the U.S., it predominantly occurs in African American men between 20-40 years of age. DC also occurs in other races and women more rarely. DC has been reported worldwide. Older therapies reported effective include: low dose oral zinc, isotretinoin, minocycline, sulfa drugs, tetracycline, prednisone, intralesional triamcinolone, incision and drainage, dapsone, antiandrogens (in women), topical clindamycin, topical isotretinoin, X-ray epilation and ablation, ablative C02 lasers, hair removal lasers (800nm and 694nm), and surgical excision. Newer treatments reported include tumor necrosis factor blockers (TNFB), quinolones, macrolide antibiotics, rifampin, alitretinoin, metronidazole, and high dose zinc sulphate (135-220 mg TID). Isotretinoin seems to provide the best chance at remission, but the number of reports is small, dosing schedules variable, and the long term follow up beyond a year is negligible; treatment failures have been reported. TNFB can succeed when isotretinoin fails, either as monotherapy, or as a bridge to aggressive surgical treatment, but long term data is lacking. Non-medical therapies noted in the last decade include: the 1064 nm laser, ALA-PDT, and modern external beam radiation therapy. Studies that span more than 1 year are lacking. Newer pathologic hair findings include: pigmented casts, black dots, and "3D" yellow dots. Newer associations include: keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome, Crohn disease and pyoderma gangrenosum. Older associations include arthritis and keratitis. DC is likely a reaction pattern, as is shown by its varied therapeutic successes and failures. The etiology of DC remains enigmatic and DC is distinct from hidradenitis suppurativa, which is shown by their varied responses to therapies and their histologic differences. Like HS, DC likely involves both follicular dysfunction and an aberrant cutaneous immune response to commensal bacteria, such as coagulase negative staphylococci. The incidence of DC is likely under-reported. The literature suggests that now most cases of DC can be treated effectively. However, the lack of clinical studies regarding DC prevents full understanding of the disease and limits the ability to define a consensus treatment algorithm. PMID:24852785

  16. Spinning characteristics of wings II : rectangular Clark Y biplane cellule: 25 percent stagger; 0 degree decalage; gap/chord 1.0

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bamber, M J

    1935-01-01

    General methods of theoretical analysis of airplane spinning characteristics have been available for some time. Some of these methods of analysis might be used by designers to predict the spinning characteristics of proposed airplane designs if the necessary aerodynamic data were known. The present investigation, to determine the spinning characteristics of wings, is planned to include variations in airfoil sections, plan forms, and tip shapes of monoplane wings and variations in stagger, gap, and decalage for biplane cellules. The first series of tests, made on a rectangular Clark Y monoplane wing, are reported in reference 1. That report also gives an analysis of the data for predicting the probable effects of various important parameters on the spin for normal airplanes using such a wing. The present report is the second of the series. It gives the aerodynamic characteristics of a rectangular Clark Y biplane cellule in spinning attitudes and includes a discussion of the data, using the method of analysis given in reference 1.

  17. Cellulitis and Erysipelas

    MedlinePLUS

    ... the NIAID Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases web site to work incorrectly. Please visit your browser settings and ... is inflammation of the skin and deep underlying tissues. Erysipelas is an inflammatory disease of ...

  18. Perianal streptococcal cellulitis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... inflammation of the anus and rectum caused by Streptococcus bacteria. ... Gerber MA. Group A streptococcus. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; ...

  19. What Is Cellulitis?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Contact Lenses Colored Contact Lenses Eyeglasses IOLs Refractive Surgery & LASIK Sunglasses Living EyeSmart About Ophthalmologists Adults Under 40 Adults 40 to 60 Adults Over 60 Babies, Children & Teenagers Computer Usage Diabetes Diet & Nutrition Eye Injuries Eye ...

  20. What Is Cellulitis?

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Uveitis Focus On Pediatric Ophthalmology Education Center Oculofacial Plastic Surgery Center Laser Surgery Education Center Redmond Ethics Center Global Ophthalmology Guide Academy Publications EyeNet Ophthalmology ...

  1. Localisation humérale d'une tumeur à cellules géantes récidivantes (à propos d'un cas)

    PubMed Central

    Nader, Youssef; Serghini, Issam; Koulali, Idrissi Khalid; Salahi, Hicham; Galwia, Farid

    2015-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent un cas de localisation rare d'une tumeur à cellules géantes au niveau de la palette humérale du coude droit chez un militaire de 36 ans de sexe masculin, la radio standard montrait une image kystique ne soufflant pas la corticale. L'examen anatomo-pathologique a permis d’ établir le diagnostic et le traitement a fait appel: au début a une Exérèse chirurgicale totale et une greffe osseuse par un greffon iliaque de la totalité de la palette huméral qui s'est compliquée à 6 mois de recule d une récidive locale. PMID:25995809

  2. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: skin infection presenting as an axillary abscess with cellulitis in a college athlete.

    PubMed

    Cohen, Philip R

    2005-01-01

    A healthy 19-year-old black man without any methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus risk factors developed axillary boils after he began lifting weights at the university gym in Houston, TX. He presented with a large tender erythematous fluctuant abscess of his right axillae and a superiorly located smaller painful red indurated nodule; the surrounding cellulitis extended into the adjacent tissue (Figure). The abscess was incised, drained, and cultured. Empiric treatment with cephalexin 500 mg q.i.d. was given for 7 days. The culture grew methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Susceptibility testing of the S. aureus isolate was performed by Laboratory Corp. of America (Houston, TX); the Vitek system (Biomerieux, Hazelwood, MO) was used, and the specimen was incubated for 8 hours. Confirmation of methicillin resistance was performed using a methicillin-resistant S. aureus plate and the specimen was incubated for 24 hours. In addition to resistance to methicillin, the bacterial isolate was also resistant to ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, and penicillin. The S. aureus strain had intermediate susceptibility to levofloxacin and was susceptible to clindamycin, gentamicin, rifampin, tetracycline, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, and vancomycin. The infection persisted and the antibiotic was changed to double strength trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, taken twice daily for 15 days. In addition, topical care included lesional and intranasal application of mupirocin 2% ointment and daily cleaning of the area with 10% povidone-iodine liquid soap. The skin infection completely resolved without recurrence within 2 weeks. PMID:15785141

  3. Cassures double-brin de l'ADN, cassures chrosomiques et létalité des cellules humaines irradiées

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Foray, N.; Arlett, C. F.; Malaise, E. P.

    1998-04-01

    DNA double-strand breaks (DSB) are the likely event which may explain the radiation-induced killing effect in mammalian cells. An overview of the litterature shows that, to the exception of a small group of human tumours, the repair defect rather than the induction rate of DSB plays the major role. However, the arguments supporting the relationship between DSB and intrinsic radiosensitivity are most often indirect. Our results dealing with intrinsic radiosensitivity, residual DNA DSB and chromosome breaks have been achieved with untransformed human fibroblasts (5 control and 18 hypersensitive cell lines). We describe a quantitative relationship between the intrinsic radiosensitivity and the residual breaks. The death of a human fibroblast is linked to 1.3 unrepaired chromosome break and 6.6 unrepaired DSB. Les cassures double-brin (CDB) de l'ADN constituent l'événement-clé susceptible d'expliquer l'effet létal des radiations ionisantes. Une revue générale de la littérature montre que, à l'exception d'un groupe minoritaire de tumeurs humaines, c'est surtout une déficience de réparation plutôt que l'incidence des dégâts qui est associée à la mort des cellules de mammifères irradiées. Toutefois, les arguments en faveur d'un lien entre radiosensibilité et CDB sont généralement indirects. À partir de 23lignées fibroblastiques humaines (5témoins et 18hypersensibles), nous décrivons une relation quantifiée entre la radiosensibilité intrinsèque et les cassures résiduelles de l'ADN et des chromosomes. La mort d'un fibroblaste humain irradié est associée à 6,6 CDB et 1,3 cassure chromosomique non réparées.

  4. Réactivation d'hépatite virale B chez un patient traité pour lymphome non hodgkinien B diffus à grandes cellules par rituximab: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Houssou, Bienvenu; Massi, Romaric Mahutondji; Camara, Marième; Mifdal, Hassan; Nourichafi, Nadia; Zafad, Saadia; Oukkache, Bouchra

    2015-01-01

    La réactivation du virus de l'hépatite B est secondaire à une diminution de l'immunité de l'hôte et peut être suivie d'une poussée d'hépatite aigue potentiellement mortelle. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient D.H, 47 ans, sexe masculin, AgHBs négatif, jamais transfusé, jamais vacciné contre l'hépatite B qui avait présenté en mars 2013 un LNH B diffus à grandes cellules stade IV par moelle. Traité par 8 cures R-CHOP, il était en rémission complète clinique et paraclinique. Neuf mois après, il fait une rechute de son lymphome classé stade III, associée à une hépatite virale B en réplication virale (18.000 copies/mL): réactivation virale B chez porteur occulte traité avec entécavir 0.5mg par jour pendant 6 mois, l'ADN du VHB était indétectable en fin de traitement. Il avait reçu deux cures de DHAP puis deux cures R-DHAP avec une rémission complète. Lors du recueil des cellules souches en vue de l'autogreffe, l'AgHBs est à nouveau positif. Il a été greffé le 12/01/2015 et continue son traitement antiviral pour 6 mois encore. PMID:26664523

  5. Periorbital cellulitis due to cutaneous anthrax.

    PubMed

    Gilliland, Grant; Starks, Victoria; Vrcek, Ivan; Gilliland, Connor

    2015-12-01

    Virgil's plague of the ancient world, Bacillus anthracis, is rare in developed nations. Unfortunately rural communities across the globe continue to be exposed to this potentially lethal bacterium. Herein we report a case of periorbital cutaneous anthrax infection in a 3-year-old girl from the rural area surrounding Harare, Zimbabwe with a brief review of the literature. PMID:25763844

  6. Skin and Soft Tissue Infection (Cellulitis) (Beyond the Basics)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... UpToDate, Inc. ("UpToDate"), in consideration of the subscription fee and acceptance of this Agreement, grants you a ... or your Institution have agreed to pay subscription fees. At the end of this period, your license ...

  7. A case of cellulitis causing tissue defect during etanercept therapy.

    PubMed

    Deniz, Dulgeroglu; Ebru, Umay; Ajda, Bal; Gulsum, Tetik Menevse; Semih, Tatlican; Aytul, Cakci

    2012-01-01

    Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?) antagonists are employed increasingly during recent years in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis who do not respond to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. Contraindications such as infections, auto-antibody formation and hypersensitive reactions can be observed during the treatment with TNF-? antagonist drugs. Our case was a 52-year-old woman, followed by several centers for a period of 21 years with a seropositive, erosive and nodular RA diagnosis. Anti TNF-? treatment was commenced due to the failure to control the disease. During the treatment, a serious cellulite developed, which required hospitalization and surgical debridement as well as intravenous antibiotics treatment. Through the present case, we aimed to draw attention to the skin infection during the use of etanercept in a patient with RA. PMID:20020139

  8. Intracranial brain abscess preceded by orbital cellulitis and sinusitis.

    PubMed

    Yeh, Chung-Hsin; Chen, Wen-Chao; Lin, Maggie S F; Huang, Hua-Tzu; Chao, Shih-Chun; Lo, Yi-Chen

    2010-05-01

    A 17-year-old boy with pyrexia, headache, and frequent drop attacks reported an acute onset of periorbital pain and swelling 1 month previously. Coronal computed tomography (CT) identified an ethmoid sinusitis, which was treated with functional endoscopic sinus surgery and intravenous gentamicin, prostaphylline, and metronidazone. Because of persistent symptoms, the patient returned 1 month later. The CT identified accumulation of debris in both frontal sinuses and a multilobulated lesion over the right frontal lobe. Bicoronal craniotomy was performed, and a mass located in the right frontal lobe was excised; the mass comprised chronic inflammatory tissues without evidence of malignancy. A postoperative brain CT confirmed the absence of a residual mass, and no recurrence or neurologic deficits were noted during the 3-month follow-up period. Intracranial complications cannot be prevented entirely even with the judicious use of antibiotics. Early application of the appropriate imaging modality and institution of aggressive therapy in any patient, not just pediatric patients, to prevent potential long-term disabilities and death are essential. PMID:20485088

  9. Chromobacterium violaceum cellulitis and sepsis following cutaneous marine trauma.

    PubMed

    Carter, Elliot; Cain, Kressida; Rutland, Beth

    2008-03-01

    Chromobacterium violaceum is a gram-negative bacillary organism that characteristically produces the purple pigment violacein. Documented as the cause of clinically relevant human infections in only 35 cases in the United States, C violaceum is particularly seen in patients with a history of cutaneous injury or trauma. We report the case of an 18-year-old woman who was struck by a propeller in a boating accident and sustained multiple deep lacerations of her right lower extremity. Shortly after admission to the hospital, the patient became frebrile and developed leukocytosis. Bacterial cultures revealed C violaceum, which demonstrated a characteristic purple pigment production on blood agar. Antimicrobial therapy was initiated, but 2 days after admission, the skin and subcutaneous tissue surrounding the patient's wounds became necrotic, necessitating an above-the-knee amputation of the right lower extremity (transfemoral amputation). The patient's condition improved after continued antimicrobial therapy and she was subsequently discharged in good health. This case represents a successful outcome of a rare but frequently fatal infection due to a morphologically and geographically distinct human pathogen. PMID:18441852

  10. Influence de revetements bioactifs sur les cellules endotheliales: Vers des protheses vasculaires non thrombotiques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fadlallah, Hicham

    Developing vascular prostheses of small diameter to replace vessels closed by atherosclerosis remains a challenge because of the risk of thrombosis. Seeding of endothelial cells, which have antithrombogenic properties, is a promising solution, but we must create surfaces which promote their adhesion and retention to resist shear stresses created by the blood flow on the surface. This master's project aimed at investigating the effect of a plasma polymerized coating rich in primary amines (called LP), with or without elements of the extracellular matrix (Fibronectin (FN) or chondroitin sulphate (CS)) on the endothelial cells and hemocompatibility of polyethylene terephthalate (PET). The adhesion, growth and retention of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) on PET and LP, in the presence and absence of FN or CS, have been studied. In addition, platelet adhesion on different surfaces was evaluated by a perfusion test with whole blood, platelets being previously labeled with rhodamine. Finally a double fluorescent labeling (using Cellview Maroon to mark the HUVECs and CD61 antibody for platelets) was developed to study the retention of endothelial cells, under blood flow and verify their non thrombogenic character. The results obtained show that both the LP coating and the adsorbed FN, strongly increase both the cellular adhesion and growth on PET; however they have no additional effect when the two are combined. They also augment cellular retention to surface, but this remains incomplete. Moreover we observed that the plasma coating (LP) greatly increases the thrombogenicity of the surface, with strong platelet adhesion and activation. This thrombogenicity is extremely reduced when endothelial cells cover the surface, but cell loss under the effect of shear produced by the perfusion creates significant areas of platelet adhesion. The grafting of CS on LP also permits good HUVECs adhesion, growth and retention under shear stress on HUVEC, with no difference from the LP alone. In addition, the CS sharply decreases the platelet adhesion, which is found below the value observed for PET. The double cell labeling also showed that cells adhered on LP+CS has an anti-thrombotic phenotype and can resist blood flow. These studies suggest that a coating of CS is a promising strategy for vascular prosthesis given the combination of the good adhesion of endothelial cells and the low thrombogenicity of the underlying surface. Keywords: vascular prostheses, polymers, bioactive coating, thrombogenicity, HUVECs.

  11. Orbital Roof Fracture and Orbital Cellulitis Secondary to Halo Pin Penetration: Case Report

    PubMed Central

    Menon, K. Venugopal; Al Rawi, Asif Esam; Taif, Sawsan; Al Ghafri, Khalifa; Mollahalli, Kishore Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Study Design?Case report. Objective?To report and discuss a rare complication after a patient was treated conservatively with a halo vest. Methods?A 51-year-old man sustained a hangman's injury of the C2 vertebra following a motor vehicle collision. He was treated conservatively in a halo vest appliance and following mobilization was discharged from the hospital. Two weeks after discharge, the patient presented to the emergency department complaining of proptosis, ptosis, diplopia, and pin loosening. He was readmitted to the hospital, the halo vest was removed, and urgent imaging studies including computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging were performed. They revealed that one of the halo pins had penetrated the orbital roof with active infection of the extraocular soft tissues. In consultation with the ophthalmologist, he was treated conservatively with antibiotics for 10 days. Results?His ophthalmologic complaints resolved gradually and his eye returned to normal appearance and function. In the meantime, he was immobilized in a sterno-occipital mandibular immobilizer brace. Conclusion?Though rare, penetrating injuries after cranial pin insertion can occur. Halo devices must be applied by, or under close supervision of, experienced personnel to avoid such complications, and halo vests should be reviewed frequently to detect such incidents early. PMID:25648519

  12. Nouveautes Dans la Reconstruction Cutanee: Cultures de Cellules et Substituts Dermiques et Revue de la Litterature

    PubMed Central

    Koch, N.; Erba, P.; Benathan, M.; Raffoul, W.

    2010-01-01

    Summary La prise en charge de patients souffrant de brûlures profondes et étendues reste un défi important pour les chirurgiens reconstructeurs. Ceci est d'autant plus vrai que les grands progrès réalisés dans la réanimation assurent actuellement la survie de patients brûlés sur plus de 90% de leur surface corporelle. De ce fait la reconstruction moderne a dû innover et est devenue une chirurgie complexe nécessitant un plan stratégique impliquant des matériaux et des méthodes chirurgicales multiples adaptées à chaque situation clinique. Ce type de prise en charge nécessite aussi la collaboration étroite et coordonnée de plusieurs équipes hautement spécialisées. Le taux de survie ainsi que de la qualité de vie de ces patients sont alors nettement améliorés. De même nous observons clairement que le nombre de complications secondaires telles que les rétractions et les instabilités cicatricielles ont également diminué de façon significative. Mots-clés: brûlure, greffe, culture, substitut dermique, reconstruction PMID:21991212

  13. Pressure Distribution Tests on a Series of Clark Y Biplane Cellules with Special Reference to Stability

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Noyes, Richard W

    1933-01-01

    The pressure distribution data discussed in this report represents the results of part of an investigation conducted on the factors affecting the aerodynamic safety of airplanes. The present tests were made on semispan, circular-tipped Clark Y airfoil models mounted in the conventional manner on a separation plane. Pressure readings were made simultaneously at all test orifices at each of 20 angles of attack between -8 degrees and +90 degrees. The results of the tests on each wing arrangement are compared on the bases of maximum normal force coefficient, lateral stability at a low rate of roll, and relative longitudinal stability. Tabular data are also presented giving the center of pressure location of each wing.

  14. Métastases musculaires squelettique asymptomatique d'un cancer bronchique non à petites cellules

    PubMed Central

    Raoufi, Mohammed; Oukabli, Mohamed; Biyi, Abdelhamid; Elouazzani, Hanane; Rhorfi, Ismail Abderrahman; Abid, Ahmed

    2015-01-01

    Le cancer bronchique reste parmi les cancers les plus agressifs malgré les avancées diagnostiques et thérapeutiques, les métastases à distance constituent l’élément majeur d'un mauvais pronostic. Nous rapportons une observation de métastases musculaires chez un patient porteur d'un cancer du poumon inopérable. La détection de cette métastase était grâce au TEP scan au 18 FDG. Ce bilan a conduit à un traitement par chimiothérapie systémique après biopsie exérèse de la localisation fessière. Les métastases musculaires squelettiques du cancer bronchique sont rares mais bien qu'indiquant un mauvais pronostic, elles sont accessibles à un traitement local efficace. PMID:26918076

  15. Juvenile cellulitis in a 7-week-old golden retriever dog.

    PubMed

    Martens, Sabrina M

    2016-02-01

    A 7-week-old golden retriever puppy was presented with acute onset of marked facial inflammation and pustular dermatitis, markedly enlarged submandibular lymph nodes, and pyrexia. Treatment included high-dose corticosteroids and antibiotics. One week after presentation the puppy showed a significant decrease in inflammation and healing pustules. PMID:26834274

  16. Caracterisation des proprietes acoustiques des materiaux poreux a cellules ouvertes et a matrice rigide ou souple

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Salissou, Yacoubou

    L'objectif global vise par les travaux de cette these est d'ameliorer la caracterisation des proprietes macroscopiques des materiaux poreux a structure rigide ou souple par des approches inverses et indirectes basees sur des mesures acoustiques faites en tube d'impedance. La precision des approches inverses et indirectes utilisees aujourd'hui est principalement limitee par la qualite des mesures acoustiques obtenues en tube d'impedance. En consequence, cette these se penche sur quatre problemes qui aideront a l'atteinte de l'objectif global precite. Le premier probleme porte sur une caracterisation precise de la porosite ouverte des materiaux poreux. Cette propriete en est une de passage permettant de lier la mesure des proprietes dynamiques acoustiques d'un materiau poreux aux proprietes effectives de sa phase fluide decrite par les modeles semi-phenomenologiques. Le deuxieme probleme traite de l'hypothese de symetrie des materiaux poreux selon leur epaisseur ou un index et un critere sont proposes pour quantifier l'asymetrie d'un materiau. Cette hypothese est souvent source d'imprecision des methodes de caracterisation inverses et indirectes en tube d'impedance. Le critere d'asymetrie propose permet ainsi de s'assurer de l'applicabilite et de la precision de ces methodes pour un materiau donne. Le troisieme probleme vise a mieux comprendre le probleme de transmission sonore en tube d'impedance en presentant pour la premiere fois un developpement exact du probleme par decomposition d'ondes. Ce developpement permet d'etablir clairement les limites des nombreuses methodes existantes basees sur des tubes de transmission a 2, 3 ou 4 microphones. La meilleure comprehension de ce probleme de transmission est importante puisque c'est par ce type de mesures que des methodes permettent d'extraire successivement la matrice de transfert d'un materiau poreux et ses proprietes dynamiques intrinseques comme son impedance caracteristique et son nombre d'onde complexe. Enfin, le quatrieme probleme porte sur le developpement d'une nouvelle methode de transmission exacte a 3 microphones applicable a des materiaux ou systemes symetriques ou non. Dans le cas symetrique, on montre que cette approche permet une nette amelioration de la caracterisation des proprietes dynamiques intrinseques d'un materiau. Mots cles. materiaux poreux, tube d'impedance, transmission sonore, absorption sonore, impedance acoustique, symetrie, porosite, matrice de transfert.

  17. [Le "cellule staminali commerciali" danneggiano la medicina: la medicina consapevole].

    PubMed

    Bianco, Paolo

    2015-11-01

    Riassunto. Un recente Editoriale del NEJM mette a fuoco la diffusione del commercio di terapie cellulari fasulle negli USA e riporta alla memoria il recente caso Stamina, che ha contribuito a portare il fenomeno all'attenzione del mondo scientifico e medico su scala globale. L'articolo mette a fuoco la crescente consapevolezza del problema e del suo impatto non solo nel mondo scientifico come stato finora, ma nel mondo medico in generale, poich sono in gioco valori fondamentali propri della medicina. PMID:26668037

  18. MODIFICATIONS ULTRASTRUCTURALES DES CELLULES SCRTRICES DE LA GLANDE PROTHORACIQUE DE VERS SOIE AU COURS DES DEUX DERNIERS GES LARVAIRES

    PubMed Central

    Beaulaton, J. A.

    1968-01-01

    Ultrastructural study of the prothoracic glands of silkworms (Antheraea pernyi and Bombyx mori) at the last two larval stages has shown that the essential modifications which take place during each intermolt affect the chondriome of secretory cells. A description is given of the differentiation of macromitochondria from typical mitochondria by a general swelling, a clearing of the matrix, and the formation of a complex tubular network. The hypothesis of fixation or anaesthesia artifacts has been dismissed because of the persistence of these transformations after different fixations and because of the existence of numerous intermediary stages between these two types of chondriosomes which imply the progressiveness of differentiation. The cytochemical demonstration of mitochondrial DNA fibers suggests that the genetic information, probably present in this type of nucleic acid, controls the differentiation and the specific metabolic activity of these organelles. The frequent relationships observed in Antheraea between the tubules of agranular reticulum and the macromitochondria which are reminiscent of the vacuoles-mitochondria associations of the adrenal cortex, may be related to the transfer of cholesterol and other precursors of steroidogenesis. In the last stages, the macromitochondria become transformed into vacuoles by a disappearance of the tubular network. The correlation revealed between mitochondrial transformations and the cyclical release of ecdysone (65) leads to the conclusion that a prominent fraction of chondriosomes is involved, in relation to the agranular reticulum, in the elaboration of steroid hormones such as ecdysone. PMID:5699930

  19. Combined enzyme mediated fermentation of cellulous and xylose to ethanol by Schizosaccharoyces pombe, cellulase, .beta.-glucosidase, and xylose isomerase

    DOEpatents

    Lastick, Stanley M.; Mohagheghi, Ali; Tucker, Melvin P.; Grohmann, Karel

    1994-01-01

    A process for producing ethanol from mixed sugar streams from pretreated biomass comprising xylose and cellulose using enzymes to convert these substrates to fermentable sugars; selecting and isolating a yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe ATCC No. 2476, having the ability to ferment these sugars as they are being formed to produce ethanol; loading the substrates with the fermentation mix composed of yeast, enzymes and substrates; fermenting the loaded substrates and enzymes under anaerobic conditions at a pH range of between about 5.0 to about 6.0 and at a temperature range of between about 35.degree. C. to about 40.degree. C. until the fermentation is completed, the xylose being isomerized to xylulose, the cellulose being converted to glucose, and these sugars being concurrently converted to ethanol by yeast through means of the anaerobic fermentation; and recovering the ethanol.

  20. Effects of yeast extract and vitamin D on turkey mortality and cellulitis incidence in a transport stress model.

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    We evaluated yeast extract (YE) and vitamin D (VD) in turkeys treated with dexamethasone (Dex) at intervals designed to simulate transport stress during a 3 stage growout. YE but not VD decreased early mortality (P = 0.001) and mortality at wk 7 (P= 0.02) and wk 12 (P = 0.002) but not wk 16. Celluli...

  1. Simulation numerique de l'effet du reflecteur radial sur les cellules rep en utilisant les codes DRAGON et DONJON

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bejaoui, Najoua

    The pressurized water nuclear reactors (PWRs) is the largest fleet of nuclear reactors in operation around the world. Although these reactors have been studied extensively by designers and operators using efficient numerical methods, there are still some calculation weaknesses, given the geometric complexity of the core, still unresolved such as the analysis of the neutron flux's behavior at the core-reflector interface. The standard calculation scheme is a two steps process. In the first step, a detailed calculation at the assembly level with reflective boundary conditions, provides homogenized cross-sections for the assemblies, condensed to a reduced number of groups; this step is called the lattice calculation. The second step uses homogenized properties in each assemblies to calculate reactor properties at the core level. This step is called the full-core calculation or whole-core calculation. This decoupling of the two calculation steps is the origin of methodological bias particularly at the interface core reflector: the periodicity hypothesis used to calculate cross section librairies becomes less pertinent for assemblies that are adjacent to the reflector generally represented by these two models: thus the introduction of equivalent reflector or albedo matrices. The reflector helps to slowdown neutrons leaving the reactor and returning them to the core. This effect leads to two fission peaks in fuel assemblies localised at the core/reflector interface, the fission rate increasing due to the greater proportion of reentrant neutrons. This change in the neutron spectrum arises deep inside the fuel located on the outskirts of the core. To remedy this we simulated a peripheral assembly reflected with TMI-PWR reflector and developed an advanced calculation scheme that takes into account the environment of the peripheral assemblies and generate equivalent neutronic properties for the reflector. This scheme is tested on a core without control mechanisms and charged with fresh fuel. The results of this study showed that explicit representation of reflector and calculation of peripheral assembly with our advanced scheme allow corrections to the energy spectrum at the core interface and increase the peripheral power by up to 12% compared with that of the reference scheme.

  2. Eyes - bulging

    MedlinePLUS

    Causes may include: Glaucoma Graves disease Hemangioma Histiocytosis Hyperthyroidism Hyperthyroidism caused by medications for other conditions Leukemia Neuroblastoma Orbital cellulitis or periorbital cellulitis Rhabdomyosarcoma

  3. Etude ab initio des proprietes electroniques et optiques d'un systeme donneur-accepteur organique utilise dans les cellules photovoltaiques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Maillard, Arnaud

    The search for new sources of clean and renewable energy has recently been encouraged by the growing energy demand caused by the industrialization of developing countries and by population growth. In this context, the generation of electricity through the exploitation of solar energy with photovoltaic cells is particularly interesting, since this energy source is largely unused compared to its full potential. Nevertheless, large scale electricity generation with the current design of photovoltaic cells based on silicon is hindered by the large manufacturing cost of these devices. A new generation of photovoltaic cells, which includes organic photovoltaic cells that use semiconducting polymers, is under intense development in order to significantly reduce the manufacturing costs. The replacement of conventional materials with conjugated polymers in photovoltaic cells opens the possibility of using large scale manufacturing processes to produce large-area devices at low cost. However, the power conversion efficiency and the lifetime of organic photovoltaic cells are currently too low for these devices to be cost effective. A better understanding of the organic photovoltaic process is therefore necessary to improve the power conversion efficiency of these devices. The operating principle of photovoltaic cells requires the charge transfer between a polymer acting as an electron donor and a molecule acting as an electron acceptor to enable the dissociation of photogenerated excitons into free charge carriers. Furthermore, to ensure that the majority of the photogenerated excitons dissociates, the active region of an organic photovoltaic cell is typically formed by a bulk heterojunction between the donor and the acceptor. Many experimental studies have shown that the power conversion efficiency of these devices, which is proportional to the product of their short-circuit current Isc with their open circuit potential Voc, is strongly governed by the microstructure of the bulk heterojunction defined as the local order of the two phases and the organization of the donor-acceptor interfaces. Even though these studies have helped to increase the efficiency of organic photovoltaic cells, the relations linking the microstructure of the bulk heterojunction to their electronic and optical properties are still to be established. The objective of the research project is to computationally study the electronic and optical properties of organic bulk heterojunctions composed of regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (rrP3HT) and C60, two materials typically used in organic photovoltaic cells. In this study, the microstructure of the donor-acceptor systems can be directly controlled, which facilitates the systematic study of the influence of this parameter on the electronic and optical properties of the organic bulk heterojunctions. The density functional theory (DFT) is used to study the ground state geometric and electronic properties of multiple bulk heterojunction systems, while the time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) is used to study the optical properties of these systems. The SIESTA software package is used to study periodic systems representing perfectly crystalline materials. The results obtained in this research project show that the power conversion efficiency of organic photovoltaic cells is strongly modulated by the microstructure of the bulk heterojunctions. Indeed, the size of the rrP3HT crystalline domains must be optimized to maximize the efficiency of the photovoltaic devices, since Voc and Isc have opposite behaviors with respect to π-stacking of the rrP3HT chains. In addition, the efficiency of organic photovoltaic cells could be improved by imposing geometrical constraints in the bulk heterojunctions through manufacturing methods in order to increase the value of Voc without altering the value of Isc. (Abstract shortened by UMI.).

  4. Une métastase intra-thyroïdienne révélant un cancer bronchique non à petites cellules

    PubMed Central

    Boukir, Anwar; El Kabous, Mustapha; Azghari, Ilham; Boutayeb, Saber; El Ghissassi, Ibrahim; Mrabti, Hind; Errrihani, Hassan

    2015-01-01

    Les métastases thyroïdiennes sont très peu fréquentes. Elles peuvent de façon exceptionnelle révéler le cancer primitif. Nous rapportons le cas d'une patiente qui a présenté une dysphonie secondaire à un gros nodule thyroïdien lobaire droit. L'examen anatomopathologique de la pièce de l'hémi thyroïdectomie a révélé la présence d'un adénocarcinome d'origine pulmonaire. Le bilan d'extension a confirmé la présence d'une masse au niveau du Fowler droit ainsi qu'une métastase du trochanter fémoral droit et une récidive au niveau de la loge thyroïdienne. Une chimiothérapie à base de Paclitaxel, Carboplatine et Bevacizumab a été débuté. L’évaluation après 4 cures est en faveur d'une stabilité radiologique avec amélioration des symptômes. PMID:26918084

  5. Skin Infections

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Abscess Cellulitis Taking Care of Your Skin Abscess Impetigo Ringworm Cellulitis Should I Pop My Pimple? Tips for Taking Care of Your Skin Impetigo Paronychia Pityriasis Rosea Abscess Contact Us Print Resources ...

  6. ETUDE QUANTITATIVE PAR RADIOAUTOGRAPHIE AU MICROSCOPE ELECTRONIQUE DE L'UTILISATION DE LA DL-LEUCINE-3H PAR LES CELLULES DE L'HYPOPHYSE DU CANARD EN CULTURE ORGANOTYPIQE

    PubMed Central

    Tixier-Vidal, A.; Picart, R.

    1967-01-01

    The synthesis, intracellular transport, storing, and excretion of proteins by duck hypophyseal cells in organ culture were studied with tritiated DL-leucine and high resolution radioautography (pulse-labeling experiments). Quantitative study of the radioautographs allowed a determination of the relative proportions of cytoplasmic radioactivity located in each cellular compartment (ergastoplasm, Golgi apparatus, and protein granules) as well as the variations in these proportions as a function of time. The number of labeled protein granules as opposed to the total number of granules in the cell was also determined (RSg). These data were separately analyzed for the two types of cells present in the explants: prolactin cells and "MSH" cells. The synthetic process follows a course common to both cell types, each of which is distinguished by its particular modalities. The labeled proteins, synthesized within several minutes in the ergastoplasm, are concentrated in the Golgi zone within 30 min. They then migrate out of this area, the emptying of which is accomplished in about 4 hr. These proteins become equally distributed between the protein granules, on the one hand, and the cytoplasm ("sedentary" proteins), on the other. The RSg reaches its maximum when the Golgi zone is emptied, but this figure remains very low (3%). The RSg then decreases slowly (1% in 40 hr). It is concluded that hypophyseal cells are able to store protein in their granules and that their processes of synthesis and excretion are not continuous. The prolactin cells differ from the "MSH" cells in that they have a slower migration of newly synthesized proteins, and these proteins pass via the dilated ergastoplasmic cisterns in which they may possibly be stored. PMID:6064363

  7. Optimising Diagnosis and Antibiotic Prescribing for Acutely Ill Children in Primary Care

    ClinicalTrials.gov

    2015-02-16

    Sepsis; Bacteraemia; Meningitis; Abscess; Pneumonia; Osteomyelitis; Cellulitis; Gastro-enteritis With Dehydration; Complicated Urinary Tract Infection; Viral Respiratory Infection Complicated With Hypoxia

  8. Nikolsky sign

    MedlinePLUS

    Pasternack MS, Swartz MN. Cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis, and subcutaneous tissue infections. In: Mandell GL, Bennett JE, Dolin R, eds. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious ...

  9. Facial swelling

    MedlinePLUS

    ... transfusion reaction Cellulitis Conjunctivitis (inflammation of the eye) Drug reactions, including those due to aspirin, penicillin, sulfa, glucocorticoids, and others Head, nose, or jaw surgery ...

  10. ARRAYS FOR BIOMONITORING ENVIRONMENTAL AND REPRODUCTIVE TOXICOLOGY

    EPA Science Inventory

    DNA arrays are receiving increasing interest as a tool for monitoring the developmental and reproductive impact of xenobiotics and other hazardous materials on human and wildlife populations. The primary tenet of toxicogenomics is that effects of environmental exposure on cellul...

  11. Toxic Shock Syndrome (For Parents)

    MedlinePLUS

    ... half of all TSS cases are linked to menstruation. But TSS isn't strictly related to tampons. ... Scratches Menstrual Problems Talking to Your Child About Menstruation Cellulitis MRSA Staph Infections What Are Germs? Why ...

  12. LUDWIGS ANGINA FOLLOWING SELF APPLICATION OF AN ACIDIC CHEMICAL

    PubMed Central

    Gbolahan, O.O.; Olowookere, S.; Aboderin, A.; Omopariola, O.

    2012-01-01

    Ludwigs angina is a potentially life threatening diffuse cellulitis usually resulting from odontogenic infection. We report a case of Ludwigs angina resulting from self administration of an acidic chemical to treat toothache. PMID:25161404

  13. Streptococcal Infections

    MedlinePLUS

    ... red rash on the body. Impetigo - a skin infection Toxic shock syndrome Cellulitis and necrotizing fasciitis (flesh-eating disease) Group B strep can cause blood infections, pneumonia and meningitis in newborns. A screening test ...

  14. Hib Photos

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Children’s Immunization Project, St. Paul, Minnesota Cerebrospinal fluid culture positive for Haemophilus influenzae , type b (Gram stain) ... b. Cellulitis of the arm proven by blood culture www.vaccineinformation.org/photos/hib_aap002.jpg Copyright ...

  15. Fibrinopeptide A blood test

    MedlinePLUS

    ... problems with blood clotting such as disseminated intravascular coagulation ( DIC ). Certain types of leukemia are associated with ... be a sign of: Cellulitis DIC (disseminated intravascular coagulation) Leukemia at the time of diagnosis, during early ...

  16. SHEWANELLA AND PHOTOBACTERIUM IN OYSTERS AND SEAWATER FROM THE DELAWARE BAY

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Shewanella algae, S. putrefaciens, and Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae are indigenous marine bacteria and human pathogens causing cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis, abscesses, septicemia, and death. Infections are rare and are most often associated with the immunocompromized host. A study ...

  17. Vision Symptoms

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Lazy Eye) Astigmatism Bacterial Keratitis Bell's Palsy Blepharitis Cataracts Contact Lens-Related Infections Detached & Torn Retina Diabetic ... Degeneration (AMD) Astigmatism Black Eye Blocked Tear Duct Cataract Cellulitis Chalazion Conjunctivitis ("Pink Eye") Corneal Abrasion Corneal ...

  18. [Restricted eyeball with proptosis].

    PubMed

    Witteborn, M; Mennel, S

    2011-03-01

    Orbital cellulitis is an acute inflammation of the orbital content with exophthalmos, chemosis, blepharedema, reduction of eyeball motility and generalized illness, occasionally with fever. It is predominantly transmitted from the ENT region and rarely occurs as a complication after a scleral buckling procedure. The patient concerned contracted orbital cellulitis many years after scleral buckling because the cerclage was infected. Alterations to the sclera with atrophy and thinning in the context of myopia were probably favorable factors for development. PMID:21174101

  19. Evaluation of ultrasonography as a diagnostic tool in the management of head and neck facial space infections: A clinical study

    PubMed Central

    Shah, Ajaz; Ahmed, Irshad; Hassan, Shahid; Samoon, Amina; Ali, Babar

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Superficial facial space infections represent a significant amount of the dental problems that present to hospital. Determining whether an odontogenic swelling is a cellulitis or abscess is difficult, but important as both may require different treatments. The use of an ultrasound may aid in differentiating cellulitis and abscess. This study was done to compare the accuracy of clinical examination alone versus ultrasonography (USG) in the diagnosis of cellulitis and abscess in symptomatic patients with a diagnosis of superficial facial space infection. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients (1870 years) diagnosed as superficial facial space infections by clinical and radiographic examinations were included in the study and patients with significant medical conditions were excluded. The provisional clinical diagnosis was made after a thorough history was taken and clinical examination was performed to determine if the swelling was a cellulitis or abscess. Swelling was then evaluated using the ultrasonic transducer which was placed over the swelling to aid the diagnosis which was again recorded. An incision and drainage procedure was performed after the administration of local anesthesia. The success of the ultrasound intervention versus clinical examination was based on whether frank exudation was detected during incision and drainage of such swellings. Results: The statistical analysis found that USG is a valuable diagnostic aid for detection of abscess or cellulitis in head and neck facial space infections. Interpretation and Conclusion: The findings of this prospective analysis indicate that there was statistical difference between clinical examination alone and USG in making the correct diagnosis. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive, negative predictive, and accuracy were not similar for all methods tested. From the results of this study, ultrasound is recommended as an adjunct to clinical examination in differentiating between cellulitis and abscess. PMID:26668454

  20. Bilateral septic cavernous sinus thrombosis following the masticator and parapharyngeal space infection from the odontogenic origin: a case report.

    PubMed

    Kiddee, Weerawat; Preechawai, Passorn; Hirunpat, Siriporn

    2010-09-01

    Neglect of odontogenic infections can have serious consequences. If they spread through fascial planes and intracranially they can cause an abscess, orbital cellulitis, and eventually cavernous sinus thrombosis. The authors report a case of rapid progressive bilateral orbital cellulitis and cavernous sinus thrombosis that originated from dental caries. Septic cavernous sinus thrombosis is a medical emergency. Early recognition and prompt treatments direct to the underlying sources of infection are crucial. Broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotics are the mainstay of treatment to reduce morbidity and mortality from this lethal condition. Management should be based on early diagnosis and prompt management with intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics and surgical intervention. PMID:20873087

  1. Preliminary biplane tests in the variable density wind tunnel

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Shoemaker, James M

    1928-01-01

    Biplane cellules using the N.A.C.A.-M6 airfoil section have been tested in the variable density wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. Three cellules, differing only in the amount of stagger, were tested at two air densities, corresponding to pressures of one atmosphere and of twenty atmospheres. The range of angle of attack was from -2 degrees to +48 degrees. The effect of stagger on the lift and drag, and on the shielding effect of the upper wing by the lower at high angles of attack was determined.

  2. Carcinome mucineux primitif cutan: propos de deux cas et d'une revue de la literature

    PubMed Central

    Souaf, Ihsane; Ameurtesse, Hassania; Debbagh, Fatema Zehra; Idrissi, Karima; Znati, Kawter; Amarti, Affaf

    2014-01-01

    Le carcinome mucineux primitif cutan est une tumeur annexielle rare, dveloppe partir des glandes sudoripares. Il se localise en gnrale l'extrmit cphalique, surtout la rgion priorbitaire. Nous rapportons deux observations d'un carcinome mucineux primitif de la face et de la rgion axillaire, chez deux patients gs de 60 ans. Ltude histologique montrait une prolifration tumorale dermohypodermique, faite de cellules organises en cordons, en amas et en massif cribriformes, au sein d'une substance mucode. En immunohistochimie les cellules tumorales exprimaient la cytokratine 7, l'EMA et les rcepteurs hormonaux. L'actine musculaire lisse a bien marqu les cellules myopithliales au niveau de la composante in situ dans un seul cas. Le carcinome mucineux primitif cutan est difficile diffrencier d'une mtastase mammaire ou digestive. La mise en vidence de carcinome in situ ou de cellules myopithliale est en faveur de l'origine cutane primitive. C'est une tumeur croissance lente, avec des mtastases exceptionnelles. Le traitement est chirurgical et le taux de rcidive est trs lev. Et travers ces deux observations, les auteurs mettent en relief les principaux aspects cliniques, histologiques, thrapeutiques de cette entit avec une revue de la littrature. PMID:25574316

  3. Vertebral Osteomyelitis Caused by Helicobacter cinaedi

    PubMed Central

    Yoshizaki, Aisa; Takegawa, Hiroshi; Doi, Asako; Mizuno, Yasushi

    2015-01-01

    Helicobacter cinaedi causes bacteremia, cellulitis, and gastroenteritis. We report the first case of vertebral osteomyelitis caused by H. cinaedi in an elderly man with low back pain and fever. The pathogen was detected in blood and lumbar disc, and the infection was successfully treated with oral doxycycline for 11 weeks. PMID:26109448

  4. Registration of 'UFCP 78-1013' Sugarcane

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Sugarcane (a complex hybrid of Saccharum sp.) cultivar UFCP 78-1013 (Reg. no. ) was developed through the collaborative effort of the University of Florida (UF) and the United States Department of Agriculture-Agricultural Research Services (USDA-ARS), Canal Point (CP) for its potential use in cellul...

  5. Children's Ophthalmologic Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robb, Richard M.

    1977-01-01

    The author points out the need for early screening for ophthalmologic disorders and reviews symptoms of various eye disorders. Among the types of eye pathology considered are retinoblastoma, retrolental fibroplasia, congenital glaucoma, congenital cataracts, congenital strabismus, chlamydia oculogenitalis, orbital cellulitis, and eye injuries.…

  6. Pets and Pasteurella Infections

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Text Size Email Print Share Pets and Pasteurella Infections Page Content Article Body Bacterial organisms from the Pasteurella species live in the mouths of most cats, as well as a significant number of dogs and other ... serious infection of the skin called cellulitis. On occasion, these ...

  7. Three cases of severe Rhus dermatitis in an English primary school.

    PubMed

    Gach, J E; Tucker, W; Hill, V A

    2006-02-01

    We report three paediatric cases of severe allergic contact dermatitis caused by a Japanese lacquer tree (Rhus verniciflua), which is a rare specimen plant in the UK. The diagnosis of allergic contact dermatitis produced by plants that are not indigenous to a particular country is more likely to be delayed, as well as mistaken for cellulitis. PMID:16441636

  8. Children's Ophthalmologic Problems.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robb, Richard M.

    1977-01-01

    The author points out the need for early screening for ophthalmologic disorders and reviews symptoms of various eye disorders. Among the types of eye pathology considered are retinoblastoma, retrolental fibroplasia, congenital glaucoma, congenital cataracts, congenital strabismus, chlamydia oculogenitalis, orbital cellulitis, and eye injuries.

  9. Increased Serum Levels of Epidermal Growth Factor in Children with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iseri, Elvan; Guney, Esra; Ceylan, Mehmet F.; Yucel, Aysegul; Aral, Arzu; Bodur, Sahin; Sener, Sahnur

    2011-01-01

    The etiology of autism is unclear, however autism is considered as a multifactorial disorder that is influenced by neurological, environmental, immunological and genetic factors. Growth factors, including epidermal growth factor (EGF), play an important role in the celluler proliferation and the differentiation of the central and peripheral

  10. Wind Tunnel Pressure Distribution Tests on a Series of Biplane Wing Models

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Knight, Montgomery; Noyes, Richard

    1929-01-01

    This report is on the changes in forces on each wing of a biplane cellule when either the stagger or the gap is varied. Since each test was carried up to a 90 degree angle of attack, the results may be used in the study of stalled flight and of spinning as well as in the structural design of biplane wings.

  11. The Virtual Liver: Modeling Chemical-Induced Liver Toxicity

    EPA Science Inventory

    The US EPA Virtual Liver (v-Liver) project is aimed at modeling chemical-induced processes in hepatotoxicity and simulating their dose-dependent perturbations. The v-Liver embodies an emerging field of research in computational tissue modeling that integrates molecular and cellul...

  12. Complete Genomic Sequence of an Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli Strain of Serotype O7:HNT.

    PubMed

    Maluta, Renato P; Nicholson, Bryon; Logue, Catherine M; Nolan, Lisa K; Rojas, Thaís C G; Dias da Silveira, Wanderley

    2016-01-01

    Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is associated with colibacillosis in poultry. Here, we present the first complete sequence of an APEC strain of the O7:HNT serotype and ST73 sequence type, isolated from a broiler with cellulitis. Complete genomes of APEC with distinct genetic backgrounds may be useful for comparative analysis. PMID:26823578

  13. Increased Serum Levels of Epidermal Growth Factor in Children with Autism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iseri, Elvan; Guney, Esra; Ceylan, Mehmet F.; Yucel, Aysegul; Aral, Arzu; Bodur, Sahin; Sener, Sahnur

    2011-01-01

    The etiology of autism is unclear, however autism is considered as a multifactorial disorder that is influenced by neurological, environmental, immunological and genetic factors. Growth factors, including epidermal growth factor (EGF), play an important role in the celluler proliferation and the differentiation of the central and peripheral…

  14. Uncovering common bacterial skin infections.

    PubMed

    Napierkowski, Daria

    2013-03-10

    The four most common bacterial skin infections are impetigo, erysipelas, cellulitis, and folliculitis. This article summarizes current information about the etiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and implications for primary care practice needed to effectively diagnose and treat common bacterial skin infections. PMID:23361375

  15. Complete Genomic Sequence of an Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli Strain of Serotype O7:HNT

    PubMed Central

    Maluta, Renato P.; Nicholson, Bryon; Logue, Catherine M.; Nolan, Lisa K.; Rojas, Thaís C. G.

    2016-01-01

    Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) is associated with colibacillosis in poultry. Here, we present the first complete sequence of an APEC strain of the O7:HNT serotype and ST73 sequence type, isolated from a broiler with cellulitis. Complete genomes of APEC with distinct genetic backgrounds may be useful for comparative analysis. PMID:26823578

  16. Infected Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Helicobacter cinaedi

    PubMed Central

    Iwasawa, Takamasa; Tamura, Atsushi; Lefor, Alan T.

    2016-01-01

    Helicobacter cinaedi is a rare human pathogen which has various clinical manifestations such as cellulitis, bacteremia, arthritis, meningitis, and infectious endocarditis. We report an abdominal aortic aneurysm infected with Helicobacter cinaedi, treated successfully with surgical repair and long-term antimicrobial therapy. PMID:26885430

  17. Bacteroides isolated from four mammalian hosts lack host specific 16S rRNA gene phylogeny and carbon and nitrogen utilization patterns

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Within the distal gut of mammals are trillions of microbes that utilize nutrients from diet, intestinal mucosa, and other gut microbes. One hundred three (103) isolates of B. ovatus, B. thetaiotaomicron, and B. xylanisolvens were recovered from cow, goat, human, and pig fecal enrichments with cellul...

  18. Caracterisation thermique de modules de refroidissement pour la photovoltaique concentree

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Collin, Louis-Michel

    Pour rentabiliser la technologie des cellules solaires, une reduction du cout d'exploitation et de fabrication est necessaire. L'utilisation de materiaux photovoltaiques a un impact appreciable sur le prix final par quantite d'energie produite. Une technologie en developpement consiste a concentrer la lumiere sur les cellules solaires afin de reduire cette quantite de materiaux. Or, concentrer la lumiere augmente la temperature de la cellule et diminue ainsi son efficacite. Il faut donc assurer a la cellule un refroidissement efficace. La charge thermique a evacuer de la cellule passe au travers du recepteur, soit la composante soutenant physiquement la cellule. Le recepteur transmet le flux thermique de la cellule a un systeme de refroidissement. L'ensemble recepteur-systeme de refroidissement se nomme module de refroidissement. Habituellement, la surface du recepteur est plus grande que celle de la cellule. La chaleur se propage donc lateralement dans le recepteur au fur et a mesure qu'elle traverse le recepteur. Une telle propagation de la chaleur fournit une plus grande surface effective, reduisant la resistance thermique apparente des interfaces thermiques et du systeme de refroidissement en aval vers le module de refroidissement. Actuellement, aucune installation ni methode ne semble exister afin de caracteriser les performances thermiques des recepteurs. Ce projet traite d'une nouvelle technique de caracterisation pour definir la diffusion thermique du recepteur a l'interieur d'un module de refroidissement. Des indices de performance sont issus de resistances thermiques mesurees experimentalement sur les modules. Une plateforme de caracterisation est realisee afin de mesurer experimentalement les criteres de performance. Cette plateforme injecte un flux thermique controle sur une zone localisee de la surface superieure du recepteur. L'injection de chaleur remplace le flux thermique normalement fourni par la cellule. Un systeme de refroidissement est installe a la surface opposee du recepteur pour evacuer la chaleur injectee. Les resultats mettent egalement en evidence l'importance des interfaces thermiques et les avantages de diffuser la chaleur dans les couches metalliques avant de la conduire au travers des couches dielectriques du recepteur. Des recepteurs de multiples compositions ont ete caracterises, demontrant que les outils developpes peuvent definir la capacite de diffusion thermique. La repetabilite de la plateforme est evaluee par l'analyse de l'etendue des mesures repetees sur des echantillons selectionnes. La plateforme demontre une precision et reproductibilite de +/- 0.14 ° C/W. Ce travail fournit des outils pour la conception des recepteurs en proposant une mesure qui permet de comparer et d'evaluer l'impact thermique de ces recepteurs integres a uri module de refroidissement. Mots-cles : cellule solaire, photovoltaique, transfert de chaleur, concentration, resistances thermiques, plateforme de caracterisation, refroidissement

  19. Three-Layered Photovoltaic Cell with an Enlarged Photoactive Region of Codeposited Dyes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Antohe, S.; Ruxandra, V.; Tugulea, L.; Gheorghe, V.; Ionascu, D.

    1996-08-01

    Three-layered organic solar cells with an interlayer of codeposited dyes of p-type Copper Phthalocyanine (CuPc) and n-type 5,10,15,20-Tetra (4-Pyridil) 21H,23H-Porphine (TPyP) between the respective dye layers were prepared and characterised. The analysis of their dark current-voltage (I - U) characteristics at room temperature has been presented in order to elucidate the conduction mechanisms and to evaluate the cell parameters. The analysis of photovoltaic properties shows that the photocurrent of three-layered cells is about ten times larger than that of a double layered cell, due to the efficient carrier photogeneration in the code-posited layer. The best power conversion efficiency, at 0.35% was obtained under illumination with monochromatic light of 30 ?W cm^{-2}, at 520 nm. Nous avons labor des cellules photovoltaques avec trois couches minces de colorants organiques entre deux lectrodes : ITO et Al. Les cellules ont t faites en utilisant CuPc comme semi-conducteur de type-p et TPyP comme semi-conducteur de type-n. Entre les deux couches de CuPc et TPyP, une couche mince de CuPc+TPyP a t depose par co-vaporation thermique des deux matriaux organiques. L'analyse des caractristiques lectriques (I - U) des cellules dans l'obscurit est prsente pour comprendre les mcanismes mis en jeu et pour valuer leur paramtres lectriques. L'analyse des proprits photovoltaques a montr que le photocourant des cellules avec trois couches minces est 10 fois plus grand que celui mesur sur les cellules deux couches minces, grce une cration plus efficace des photoporteurs dans la couche mince co-vapore. Le rendement de conversion nergtique est maximal 0,35% pour la lumire avec une longueur d'onde de 520 nm et une intensit lumineuse de 30 ?W cm^{-2}.

  20. Superoxide release by confluent endothelial cells, an electron spin resonance (ESR) study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barbacanne, M.-A.; Margeat, E.; Arnal, J.-F.; Nepveu, F.; Souchard, J.-P.

    1999-01-01

    In the present study we used ESR to detect the release of oxygen radicals by endothelial cells stimulated with calcium ionophore A23187. Dimethyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxide (DMPO) was used as a spin trap. Although the observed adduct (DMPO-OH) suggested the presence of the hydroxyl radical, the use of superoxide dismutase and catalase revealed that superoxide anion was released in the medium. Superoxide production was more efficient when the cells were post-confluent for a few days. The release of superoxide was 3-fold greater in growth arrested cells (D6-D9) than in proliferating cells (D0). Although two inhibitors of the mitochondrial respiratory chain carbanyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), antimycine decreased the ESR signal by 35%, the use of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) suggested that the release of O2- occurred in the cell membrane. The physiological significance of this extracellular superoxide release by post-confluent cells deserves further study. Ce travail prsente une tude par RSE de la libration des radicaux oxygns par les cellules endothliales bovines (BAEC) sous l'effet de l'ionophore calcique A23187. Le dimthyl-1-pyrroline-N-oxyde (DMPO) est utilis comme pigeur de spin. Bien que l'adduit form (DMPO-OH) semble traduire la prsence du radical hydroxyle .OH, l'utilisation de superoxyde dismutase et de catalase a rvl que les cellules endothliales libraient l'anion superoxyde. La production du radical superoxyde est plus abondante lorsque les cellules sont confluence depuis plusieurs jours. Lorsque les cellules sont entre J6 et J9, la production de superoxyde est trois fois suprieure celle observe lorsque les cellules sont en prolifration (J0). Bien que deux inhibiteurs de la chane mitochondriale 1-carbonyldinitrile-m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), antimycineinhibent de 35 % le signal RPE, l'utilisation de superoxyde dismutase (SOD) et du tumor necrosis factor (TNF) suggrent que la libration de O2- provient de la membrane cellulaire. La signification physiologique de cette production extracellulaire de l'anion superoxyde par des cellules post-confluentes reste lucider.

  1. Bilateral Orbital Abscesses After Strabismus Surgery.

    PubMed

    Dhrami-Gavazi, Elona; Lee, Winston; Garg, Aakriti; Garibaldi, Daniel C; Leibert, Michelle; Kazim, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Infectious orbital complications after strabismus surgery are rare. Their incidence is estimated to be 1 case per 1,100 surgeries and include preseptal cellulitis, orbital cellulitis, subconjunctival and sub-Tenon's abscesses, myositis, and endophthalmitis. This report describes the case of an otherwise healthy 3-year-old boy who underwent bilateral medial rectus recession and disinsertion of the inferior obliques. A few days after surgery, the patient presented with bilateral periorbital edema and inferotemporal chemosis. A series of CT scans with contrast revealed inferotemporal orbital collections OU. The patient immediately underwent transconjunctival drainage of fibrinous and seropurulent collections in the sub-Tenon's space and experienced rapid improvement a few days later. The patient is reported to be in stable condition in a follow-up examination performed more than a year after the reported events. PMID:24896771

  2. An unusual complication of epistaxis: cerebral abscess formation after anterior ethmoidal artery ligation.

    PubMed

    Murer, Karin; Holzmann, David; Burkhardt, Jan-Karl; Soyka, Michael Benjamin

    2015-01-01

    Epistaxis is a very common emergency in otorhinolaryngology. Anterior ethmoidal artery ligation using an external approach is one of the surgical options in posterior epistaxis. We present, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported case of an intracerebral abscess after epistaxis treatment with ligation of the anterior ethmoidal artery using an endoscopic-assisted external approach in a 56-year-old patient. The patient presented 4 days postoperatively with an orbital cellulitis. A CT was performed and a frontobasal hypodensity was found. An additional MR tomography the next day showed a lesion suspicious for an intracerebral abscess. Despite intravenous antibiotic therapy, the lesion increased and was successfully treated by the neurosurgeons, with abscess resection over a craniotomy and frontobasal repair using a pedicled periosteal flap. Surgeons have to be aware of this rare but possibly lethal severe complication and should consider early imaging studies, especially if a periorbital cellulitis appears. PMID:26715141

  3. Pressure-Distribution Measurements on O-2H Airplane in Flight

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pearson, H A

    1937-01-01

    Results are given of pressure-distribution measurements made over two different horizontal tail surfaces and the right wing cellule, including the slipstream area, of an observation-type biplane. Measurements were also taken of air speed, control-surface positions, control-stick forces, angular velocities, and accelerations during various abrupt maneuvers. These maneuvers consisted of push-downs and pull-ups from level flight, dive pull-outs, and aileron rolls with various thrust conditions. The results from the pressure-distribution measurements over the wing cellule are given on charts showing the variation of individual rib coefficients with wing coefficients; the data from the tail-surface pressure-distribution measurements are given mainly as total loads and moments. These data are supplemented by time histories of the measured quantities and isometric views of the rib pressure distributions occurring in abrupt maneuvers.

  4. Fibromatose desmode du sein: propos d'un cas et une revue de la literature

    PubMed Central

    Amourak, Sarah; Alaoui, Fatimazahra Fdili; Jayi, Sofia; Chaara, Hikmat; Melhouf, Moulay Abdelilah

    2015-01-01

    La fibromatose desmode mammaire est une entit rare, mimant sur le plan clinique et chographique un cancer du sein. Seule l'histologie apportera le diagnostic en objectivant une prolifration de cellule fusiforme (fibro et myofibroblastique sans atypies nuclaires), agence en faisceaux, mls des bandes de collagne, sans composante pithliale. Le diagnostic diffrentiel se pose essentiellement avec le carcinome mtaplasique cellules fusiformes. Lvolution est strictement locale, avec un grand pouvoir rcidivant. L'exrse chirurgicale complte avec des marges saines (jusqu 3cm) est le traitement de choix, la radiothrapie reste une option thrapeutique en complment de la chirurgie dans les exrses incompltes et en cas de rcidives multiples. A travers notre cas et une revue de la littrature, nous essayerons de mettre le point sur le diagnostic de cette entit rare et de sa prise en charge puisqu'elle va conditionner le pronostic. PMID:26491531

  5. Neonatal orbital abscess

    PubMed Central

    Gogri, Pratik Y.; Misra, Somen L.; Misra, Neeta S.; Gidwani, Hitesh V.; Bhandari, Akshay J.

    2015-01-01

    Orbital abscess generally occurs in older children but it can rarely affect infants and neonates too. We report a case of community acquired methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) neonatal orbital abscess in a 12-day-old term female neonate with no significant past medical history or risk factor for developing the infection. The case highlights the importance of consideration of CA-MRSA as a causative agent of neonatal orbital cellulitis even in a neonate without any obvious predisposing condition. Prompt initiation of appropriate medical therapy against MRSA and surgical drainage of the abscess prevents life threatening complications of orbital cellulitis which more often tend to be fatal in neonates. PMID:26622145

  6. Incidental finding of an orbital foreign body in a child with microcephaly and developmental delay

    PubMed Central

    Hall, Maria J; Thomas, Megan R; Shekarchian, Mina; Patel, Vikesh

    2014-01-01

    A 3-year-old boy underwent investigations for microcephaly and global developmental delay. An MRI scan identified an ill-defined enhancing lesion in the left superolateral orbit. On subsequent questioning his parents reported that he had been admitted to a neighbouring hospital 2?months earlier with left-sided preseptal cellulitis following a fall onto a plastic toy. Following the episode of cellulitis he developed intermittent mild erythema and oedema of the left upper eyelid for which his parents had not sought further medical attention. The child was admitted for an anterior orbitotomy via a skin-crease approach that identified a large foam plastic foreign body. He made a good recovery from his surgery although he has had intermittent upper eyelid oedema attributed to a persistent granulomatous foreign body reaction. No underlying cause for his microcephaly and delayed development has yet been identified. PMID:24554678

  7. Helicobacter cinaedi knee infection after arthroscopy in an immunocompetent patient.

    PubMed

    Nielsen, Hans Linde; Prag, Jrgen; Krogfelt, Karen Angeliki

    2015-01-01

    An otherwise healthy 36-year-old man was hospitalised due to a traumatic tear of the meniscus in the left knee. An arthroscopy was performed and his meniscus was partially resected. Thirty days later, he was rehospitalised with arthritis in the left knee and cellulitis on the left tibia. Helicobacter cinaedi was isolated from the synovial fluid, which was incubated in a BACTEC Paediatric bottle. The patient was treated with oral rifampicin and moxifloxacin for 6?weeks with good clinical response without relapse. The source of the infection was not found. The case emphasises the importance of incubating the synovial fluid in a rich medium such as a BACTEC Peds Plus/F bottle. Physicians and microbiologists should be aware of H. cinaedi as a human pathogen causing a range of disease manifestations, including infective arthritis and cellulitis, particularly if symptoms evolve in the weeks following a surgical procedure. PMID:26443089

  8. Radionuclide imaging in the evaluation of osteomyelitis and septic arthritis

    SciTech Connect

    Kim, E.E.; Haynie, T.P.; Podoloff, D.A.; Lowry, P.A.; Harle, T.S. )

    1989-01-01

    Despite controversy over its exact role, radionuclide imaging plays an important role in the evaluation of patients suspected of having osteomyelitis. The differentiation between osteomyelitis and cellulitis is best accomplished by using a three-phase technique using Tc-99m methylene diphosphonate (MDP). Frequently, it is necessary to obtain multiple projections and magnification views to adequately assess suspected areas. It is recommended that a Ga-67 or In-111 leukocyte scan be performed in those cases where osteomyelitis is strongly suspected clinically and the routine bone scan is equivocal or normal. Repeated bone scan after 48 to 72 h may demonstrate increased radioactivity in the case of early osteomyelitis with the initial photon-deficient lesion. In-111 leukocyte imaging is useful for the evaluation of suspected osteomyelitis complicating recent fracture or operation, but must be used in conjunction with clinical and radiographic correlation. The recognition of certain imaging patterns appears helpful to separate osteomyelitis from septic arthritis or cellulitis. 83 references.

  9. Pelvic Surgical Site Infections in Gynecologic Surgery

    PubMed Central

    Lachiewicz, Mark P.; Moulton, Laura J.; Jaiyeoba, Oluwatosin

    2015-01-01

    The development of surgical site infection (SSI) remains the most common complication of gynecologic surgical procedures and results in significant patient morbidity. Gynecologic procedures pose a unique challenge in that potential pathogenic microorganisms from the skin or vagina and endocervix may migrate to operative sites and can result in vaginal cuff cellulitis, pelvic cellulitis, and pelvic abscesses. Multiple host and surgical risk factors have been identified as risks that increase infectious sequelae after pelvic surgery. This paper will review these risk factors as many are modifiable and care should be taken to address such factors in order to decrease the chance of infection. We will also review the definitions, microbiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management of pelvic SSIs after gynecologic surgery. PMID:25788822

  10. Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis bacteremia: an emerging infection.

    PubMed

    Rantala, S

    2014-08-01

    The importance of group C and G Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis) as a significant pathogen has recently been better recognized. S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis disease can range in severity from milder skin and soft-tissue conditions such as wound infection, erysipelas, and cellulitis, to life-threatening necrotizing fasciitis and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, thus sharing the clinical picture with S. pyogenes. The most common clinical manifestation of bacteremia is cellulitis. An increase in the incidence of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis bacteremia has been recognized. Invasive forms of this infection are most commonly found in elderly patients with underlying comorbidities and skin breakdown. The case fatality in bacteremia has been reported to be 15-18%. In this review, the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and emm types of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis bacteremia are summarized. PMID:24682845

  11. Ruptured Baker's cyst with compartment syndrome: an extremely unusual complication

    PubMed Central

    Hamlet, Mark; Galanopoulos, Ilias; Mahale, Avinash; Ashwood, Neil

    2012-01-01

    A 69-year-old man presented with sudden onset of pain with acute tense swelling of his left leg. Initially he was treated empirically with antibiotics for cellulitis while the possibility of deep vein thrombosis was ruled out. His symptoms gradually worsened with progressive distal neurological deficit and increasing pain. Further investigations suggested that he had a ruptured Baker's cyst in the calf with development of compartment syndrome. PMID:23264161

  12. Posttonsillectomy pain in children.

    PubMed

    Sutters, Kimberly A; Isaacson, Glenn

    2014-02-01

    Tonsillectomy, used to treat a variety of pediatric disorders, including obstructive sleep apnea, peritonsillar cellulitis or abscesses, and very frequent throat infection, is known to produce nausea, vomiting, and prolonged, moderate-to-severe pain. The authors review the causes of posttonsillectomy pain, current findings on the efficacy of various pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions in pain management, recommendations for patient and family teaching regarding pain management, and best practices for improving medication adherence. PMID:24445532

  13. Mtastase anale d'un adnocarcinome du sigmode: la partie visible de l'iceberg

    PubMed Central

    El Barni, Rachid; Lahkim, Mohamed; Fihri, Jawad Fassi; Mejdane, Abdelhadi; Bouchama, Rachid; Achour, Abdessamad

    2014-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent l'observation d'une mtastase anale d'un adnocarcinome sigmodien dont le traitement a consist en une amputation abdominoprinale du rectum, tendue au clon sigmode avec colostomie iliaque gauche dfinitive. Les diffrents mcanismes d'extension tumorale sont discuts et la greffe de cellules tumorales viables exfolies dans la lumire colique est le mcanisme le plus souvent retenu. PMID:25419304

  14. Chaetomium globosum Cutaneous Fungal Infection Confirmed by Molecular Identification: A Case Report from Malaysia.

    PubMed

    Mohd Tap, Ratna; Sabaratnam, Parameswari; Ahmad, Nur Ashikin; Abd Razak, Mohd Fuat; Hashim, Rohaidah; Ahmad, Norazah

    2015-08-01

    An 11-year-old girl presented with multiple blisters on her the right foot complicated with cellulitis. The conventional and molecular identification were performed on the culture. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region in rRNA gene of the isolate was amplified by PCR. The sequence of the amplified ITS region matched 99 % with that of Chaetomium globosum in the GenBank. This is the first report describing C. globosum causing cutaneous infection in Malaysia. PMID:25894509

  15. An unusual presentation of a dural arteriovenous fistula of the sphenoparietal sinus

    PubMed Central

    Macdonald, Andrew; Plaha, Puneet; Byrne, James

    2014-01-01

    Dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVFs) are a rare form of intracranial arteriovenous malformation. We present the case of a patient who presented in a previously undescribed manner with facial swelling and bruising initially misdiagnosed as cellulitis. He was found subsequently to have DAVFs of the sphenoparietal sinus that had hemorrhaged. The rarity of DAVFs at this location may account for this unique presentation. Successful treatment was achieved by transarterial embolization. PMID:24632907

  16. Acne keloidalis nuchae and tufted hair folliculitis.

    PubMed

    Luz Ramos, M; Muoz-Prez, M A; Pons, A; Ortega, M; Camacho, F

    1997-01-01

    Acne keloidalis nuchae is a chronic, scarring folliculitis that affects mostly black patients and is located on the back of the neck of young adults. The course is progressive and leads to hypertrophic scarring, chronic abscesses and hair loss. We discuss the relationship between acne keloidalis and tufted hair folliculitis, pointing out the possibility that tufted hair folliculitis is not a specific disease but secondary to other progressive folliculitis like folliculitis decalvans, dissecting cellulitis or acne keloidalis. PMID:9031798

  17. Radionucleotide scanning in osteomyelitis

    SciTech Connect

    Sachs, W.; Kanat, I.O.

    1986-07-01

    Radionucleotide bone scanning can be an excellent adjunct to the standard radiograph and clinical findings in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis. Bone scans have the ability to detect osteomyelitis far in advance of the standard radiograph. The sequential use of technetium and gallium has been useful in differentiating cellulitis and osteomyelitis. Serial scanning with technetium and gallium may be used to monitor the response of osteomyelitis to antibiotic therapy.

  18. Wind tunnel pressure distribution tests on a series of biplane wing models Part II : effects of changes in decalage, dihedral, sweepback and overhang

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Knight, Montgomery; Noyes, Richard W

    1929-01-01

    This preliminary report furnishes information on the changes in the forces on each wing of a biplane cellule when the decalage, dihedral, sweepback and overhang are separately varied. The data were obtained from pressure distribution tests made in the Atmospheric Wind Tunnel of the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory. Since each test was carried up to 90 degree angle of attack, the results may be used in the study of stalled flight and of spinning and in the structural design of biplane wings.

  19. Recognizing pyoderma: more difficult than it may seem.

    PubMed

    Gortel, Kinga

    2013-01-01

    Although bacterial pyoderma is among the most commonly encountered dermatologic conditions in dogs, some cases present diagnostic challenges even to experienced clinicians. This article presents several unusual manifestations of pyoderma, including bullous impetigo, superficial spreading pyoderma, mucocutaneous pyoderma, and post-grooming furunculosis. Conditions mimicking pyoderma, including juvenile cellulitis, immunomodulatory-responsive lymphocytic-plasmacytic pododermatitis, and pemphigus foliaceus are also described. Diagnostic techniques used for diagnosing and characterizing pyoderma are also discussed. PMID:23182321

  20. Follicular occlusion tetrad

    PubMed Central

    Vasanth, Vani; Chandrashekar, Byalakere Shivanna

    2014-01-01

    Follicular occlusion tetrad is a symptom complex consisting of four conditions having a similar pathophysiology. It includes Hidradenitis suppurativa, acne conglobata, dissecting cellulitis of the scalp and pilonidal sinus. The exact pathogenesis of this group of disease is unknown but evidence suggests that they share the same pathological process initiated by follicular occlusion in apocrine gland bearing areas. Though each of these conditions is commonly encountered singly, follicular occlusion tetrad as a symptom complex has been rarely reported in the literature. PMID:25396138

  1. Improvement of a Clinical Score for Necrotizing Fasciitis: 'Pain Out of Proportion' and High CRP Levels Aid the Diagnosis.

    PubMed

    Borschitz, Thomas; Schlicht, Svenja; Siegel, Ekkehard; Hanke, Eric; von Stebut, Esther

    2015-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare mono-/polymicrobial skin infection that spreads to underlying tissues. NF is quickly progressing and leads to life threatening situations. Immediate surgical debridement together with i.v. antibiotic administration is required to avoid fatal outcome. Early diagnosis is often delayed due to underestimation or confusion with cellulitis. We now compared the initial clinical and laboratory presentation of NF and cellulitis in detail to assess if a typical pattern can be identified that aids timely diagnosis of NF and avoidance of fatal outcome. 138 different clinical and laboratory features of 29 NF patients were compared to those of 59 age- and gender matched patients with severe erysipelas requiring a subsequent hospitalization time of ≥10 days. Differences in clinical presentation were not obvious; however, NF patients suffered significantly more often from strong pain. NF patients exhibited dramatically elevated CRP levels (5-fold, p>0.001). The overall laboratory risk indicator for necrotizing fasciitis (LRINEC) score was significantly higher in NF patients as compared to cellulitis. However, a modification of the score (alteration of laboratory parameters, addition of clinical parameters) led to a clear improvement of the score with a higher positive predictive value without losing specificity. In summary, clinical differentiation of NF from cellulitis appears to be hard. 'Pain out of proportion' may be an early sign for NF. An improvement of the LRINEC score emphasizing only relevant laboratory and clinical findings as suggested may aid the early diagnosis of NF in the future leading to improvement of disease outcome by enabling rapid adequate therapy. PMID:26196941

  2. [Treatment of the wound surrounding skin].

    PubMed

    Leskovec, Nada Kecelj; Huljev, Dubravko

    2012-10-01

    Skin barrier function around the ulcer is usually impaired. Additionally, the skin can be atrophic, thinned, without skin adnexa and elastic fibers, dry and prone to callus formation. Skin barrier function can be improved with regular use of emollients. It is important to differentiate erythema around the ulcer induced by hypostatic eczema from cellulitis or erysipelas and from allergic or toxic contact dermatitis or eczema vulgaris because therapy is completely different. PMID:23193827

  3. Improvement of a Clinical Score for Necrotizing Fasciitis: ‘Pain Out of Proportion’ and High CRP Levels Aid the Diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    Siegel, Ekkehard; Hanke, Eric; von Stebut, Esther

    2015-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare mono-/polymicrobial skin infection that spreads to underlying tissues. NF is quickly progressing and leads to life threatening situations. Immediate surgical debridement together with i.v. antibiotic administration is required to avoid fatal outcome. Early diagnosis is often delayed due to underestimation or confusion with cellulitis. We now compared the initial clinical and laboratory presentation of NF and cellulitis in detail to assess if a typical pattern can be identified that aids timely diagnosis of NF and avoidance of fatal outcome. 138 different clinical and laboratory features of 29 NF patients were compared to those of 59 age- and gender matched patients with severe erysipelas requiring a subsequent hospitalization time of ≥10 days. Differences in clinical presentation were not obvious; however, NF patients suffered significantly more often from strong pain. NF patients exhibited dramatically elevated CRP levels (5-fold, p>0.001). The overall laboratory risk indicator for necrotizing fasciitis (LRINEC) score was significantly higher in NF patients as compared to cellulitis. However, a modification of the score (alteration of laboratory parameters, addition of clinical parameters) led to a clear improvement of the score with a higher positive predictive value without losing specificity. In summary, clinical differentiation of NF from cellulitis appears to be hard. ‘Pain out of proportion’ may be an early sign for NF. An improvement of the LRINEC score emphasizing only relevant laboratory and clinical findings as suggested may aid the early diagnosis of NF in the future leading to improvement of disease outcome by enabling rapid adequate therapy. PMID:26196941

  4. Ruptured Baker's cyst with compartment syndrome: an extremely unusual complication.

    PubMed

    Hamlet, Mark; Galanopoulos, Ilias; Mahale, Avinash; Ashwood, Neil

    2012-01-01

    A 69-year-old man presented with sudden onset of pain with acute tense swelling of his left leg. Initially he was treated empirically with antibiotics for cellulitis while the possibility of deep vein thrombosis was ruled out. His symptoms gradually worsened with progressive distal neurological deficit and increasing pain. Further investigations suggested that he had a ruptured Baker's cyst in the calf with development of compartment syndrome. PMID:23264161

  5. Gunshot-like wound caused by sling shot injury a case report

    PubMed Central

    Vinuthinee, Naidu; Azreen-Redzal, Anuar; Juanarita, Jaafar; Zunaina, Embong

    2015-01-01

    We report a rare case of sling shot injury that presented with a gunshot-like wound with preseptal cellulitis, in a toddler. An 11-month-old Malay child presented with a gunshot-like wound over the forehead following sling shot injury. On examination, he had a deep circular laceration wound over the forehead, measuring 2.0 cm in diameter, with minimal bleeding. There was no obvious foreign body seen inside the wound and no palpable foreign body surrounding the wound. The gunshot-like wound was associated with left preseptal cellulitis. A skull X-ray showed a white opaque foreign body in the left frontal bone. Computed tomography (CT) scan of orbit and brain revealed a left comminuted fracture of the left orbital roof, and left frontal brain contusion with prelesional edema. Wound exploration was performed and revealed a 0.5 cm unshattered marble embedded in the left frontal bone. The marble and bone fragments were removed. The left preseptal cellulitis responded well to intravenous antibiotic and topical antibiotic. PMID:25709507

  6. Angiomyolipomes épithélioïdes rénal bénin: à propos de deux cas

    PubMed Central

    Bagayogo, Tidiani; Othmane, Yddoussalah; Tarik, Karmouni; Khalid, Elkhader; Abdellatif, Koutani; Ahmed, Ibn Attya Andaloussi

    2015-01-01

    Les angiomyolipomes épithélioïdes rénaux (AMLeR) sont des tumeurs rares (identifiées chez moins de 0,1 patients pour 1000 habitants) et représentent 8% des angiomyolipomes (AML) opérés. Il a longtemps été considérécomme un hamartome mais plusieurs articles récents font penser qu'il s'agir d'une tumeur dérivant de cellules épithélioïdespérivasculaires. L'angiomyolipome épithélioïde est une forme rare d'angiomyolipome à potentiel malin, composé decellules épithélioïdes posant des problèmes de diagnostic différentiel avec les carcinomes à cellules rénales. L'immunohistochimie,en révélant la positivité des cellules épithélioïdes au marqueur HMB45 est essentielle au diagnostic. Les auteursrapportent l'aspect tomodensitométrique et histologique d'angiomyolipomes épithélioïdes chez deux patientes. PMID:26953738

  7. Carcinome muco-épidermoide chez une jeune fille de 21 ans

    PubMed Central

    Khouchilia, Fatima Zahra; El khattabi, Wiam; Bopaka, Régis Gothard; Aichane, Abdelaziz; Afif, Hicham

    2015-01-01

    Les carcinomes muco-épidermoïdes font partie d'un groupe rare de tumeurs pulmonaires malignes. Ces tumeurs sont le plus souvent retrouvées chez lessujets jeunes. La croissance de la tumeur est en général endo-bronchique et concerne les bronches de grande taille. L'aspect histo-pathologique révèle des cellules produisant du mucus, des cellules épithéliales et des cellules mixtes. Dans cet article nous rapportons l'observation d'une jeune fille de 21 ans avec une tumeur de la bronche souche droite, qui après résection endo-bronchique s'est avéré être un carcinome muco-épidermoïde pulmonaire. La patiente a subi une pneumonectomie droite élargie à la carène avec un curage ganglionnaire médiastinale. Elle est actuellement en rémission après un suivi de 7 mois. Aucun traitement standard n'est défini pour ces tumeurs. Le pronostic dépend du grade histologique, et peut, notamment chez les sujets âgés, être très péjoratif. PMID:25995803

  8. Allergic rhinitis as a risk factor for orbital complication of acute rhinosinusitis in children.

    PubMed

    Holzmann, D; Willi, U; Nadal, D

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to determine allergic rhinitis and age as potential risk factors for the development of orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis in children. One hundred two children presenting with orbital swelling were investigated by computed tomography (CT) of the paranasal sinuses and the orbit as well as for underlying allergic rhinitis. Sixty (58.8%) patients had orbital complications of clinical and radiological acute rhinosinusitis. They were grouped accordingly: preseptal cellulitis (n = 24), periostitis (n = 10), and subperiosteal abscess (n = 26). No abscess within the orbit or cavernous sinus thrombosis was found. Thirty-four (56.7%) of the 60 patients underwent allergy investigation. Allergic rhinitis was found in 9 (64.3%) of 14 children with preseptal cellulitis, in 1 (25%) out of 4 children with periostitis, and in 13 (76.5%) out of 17 children with subperiosteal abscess. The prevalence of allergic rhinitis was significantly higher in patients presenting in pollen season from February to August (17:4) than in patients presenting in the period between September and January (6:7). Thus, allergic rhinitis may be a cofactor in the pathogenesis of orbital complications of acute rhinosinusitis. According to our study population, age only influences the type of orbital complication of acute rhinosinusitis in the sense that older children are more likely to develop subperiosteal abscess, whereas younger children develop preseptal cellulitis. PMID:11777246

  9. Studying a disease with no home - lessons in trial recruitment from the PATCH II study

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Cellulitis is a very common condition that often recurs. The PATCH II study was designed to explore the possibility of preventing future episodes of cellulitis, with resultant cost savings for the NHS. This was the first trial to be undertaken by the UK Dermatology Clinical Trials Network. As such, it was the first to test a recruitment model that involved many busy clinicians each contributing just a few patients. Methods A double-blind randomised controlled trial comparing prophylactic antibiotics (penicillin V) with placebo tablets, for the prevention of repeat episodes of cellulitis of the leg. Primary outcome was time to subsequent recurrence of cellulitis. Results The PATCH II study was closed to recruitment having enrolled 123 participants from a target of 400. Whilst the recruitment period was extended by 12 months, it was not possible to continue beyond this point without additional funds. Many factors contributed to poor recruitment: (i) changes in hospital policy and the introduction of community-based intravenous teams resulted in fewer cellulitis patients being admitted to hospital; ii) those who were admitted were seen by many different specialties, making it difficult for a network of dermatology clinicians to identify suitable participants; and iii) funding for research staff was limited to a trial manager and a trial administrator at the co-ordinating centre. With no dedicated research nurses at the recruiting centres, it was extremely difficult to maintain momentum and interest in the study. Attempts to boost recruitment by providing some financial support for principal investigators to employ local research staff was of limited success. Discussion The model of a network of busy NHS clinicians all recruiting a few patients into large clinical studies requires further testing. It did not work very well for PATCH II, but this was probably because patients were not routinely seen by dermatologists, and recruitment took place prior to research support being available through the Comprehensive Clinical Research Network (CCRN). There is a balance to be struck between asking a lot of centres to recruit just a few patients, and asking a few centres to recruit a lot of patients. Giving modest funds to principal investigators to buy local research nurse time did not work well, probably because too little research time was bought, and it was difficult to separate research tasks from the nurses existing clinical duties. National research infrastructure networks such as the Comprehensive Clinical Research Network will overcome many of the problems encountered in the PATCH II trial. Trial Registration The trial registration number is ISRCTN03813200. PMID:20196846

  10. Clindamycin versus Trimethoprim–Sulfamethoxazole for Uncomplicated Skin Infections

    PubMed Central

    Miller, Loren G.; Daum, Robert S.; Creech, C. Buddy; Young, David; Downing, Michele D.; Eells, Samantha J.; Pettibone, Stephanie; Hoagland, Rebecca J.; Chambers, Henry F.

    2015-01-01

    Background Skin and skin-structure infections are common in ambulatory settings. However, the efficacy of various antibiotic regimens in the era of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is unclear. Methods We enrolled outpatients with uncomplicated skin infections who had cellulitis, abscesses larger than 5 cm in diameter (smaller for younger children), or both. Patients were enrolled at four study sites. All abscesses underwent incision and drainage. Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either clindamycin or trimethoprim–sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) for 10 days. Patients and investigators were unaware of the treatment assignments and microbiologic test results. The primary outcome was clinical cure 7 to 10 days after the end of treatment. Results A total of 524 patients were enrolled (264 in the clindamycin group and 260 in the TMP-SMX group), including 155 children (29.6%). One hundred sixty patients (30.5%) had an abscess, 280 (53.4%) had cellulitis, and 82 (15.6%) had mixed infection, defined as at least one abscess lesion and one cellulitis lesion. S. aureus was isolated from the lesions of 217 patients (41.4%); the isolates in 167 (77.0%) of these patients were MRSA. The proportion of patients cured was similar in the two treatment groups in the intention-to-treat population (80.3% in the clindamycin group and 77.7% in the TMP-SMX group; difference, −2.6 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], −10.2 to 4.9; P = 0.52) and in the populations of patients who could be evaluated (466 patients; 89.5% in the clindamycin group and 88.2% in the TMP-SMX group; difference, −1.2 percentage points; 95% CI, −7.6 to 5.1; P = 0.77). Cure rates did not differ significantly between the two treatments in the subgroups of children, adults, and patients with abscess versus cellulitis. The proportion of patients with adverse events was similar in the two groups. Conclusions We found no significant difference between clindamycin and TMP-SMX, with respect to either efficacy or side-effect profile, for the treatment of uncomplicated skin infections, including both cellulitis and abscesses. (Funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health; ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00730028.) PMID:25785967

  11. 18-F flourodeoxy glucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography imaging: A viable alternative to three phase bone scan in evaluating diabetic foot complications?

    PubMed Central

    Shagos, G. S.; Shanmugasundaram, Palaniswamy; Varma, Ajith Kumar; Padma, Subramanyam; Sarma, Manjit

    2015-01-01

    Background: This paper is based on the initial findings from a prospective ongoing study to evaluate the efficacy of flourodeoxy glucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (FDG-PET CT) in diabetic foot evaluation. Objective: The aim was to compare the diagnostic accuracies of three phase bone scan (TPBS) and FDG PET-CT (FDG-PET) in diabetic foot evaluation. Methods: Seventy-nine patients with complicated diabetic foot (osteomyelitis/cellulitis, Charcot's neuropathy) were prospectively investigated. TPBS (15 mci methylene di phosphonate [MDP] intravenous [IV]), followed by FDG-PET (5 mci IV) within 5 days were performed in all patients. Based on referral indication, patients grouped into Group I, n = 36, (?osteomyelitis/cellulitis) and Group II, n = 43 (?Charcot's neuropathy). Interpretation was based on intensity, extent, pattern of MDP and FDG uptake (standardized uptake value) along with CT correlation. Findings were compared with final diagnostic outcome based on bone/soft tissue culture in Group I and clinical, radiological or scintigraphic followup in Group II. Results: Group I: For diagnosing osteomyelitis, TP: TN: FP: FN were 14:5:2:2 by FDG PET and 13:02:05:03 by TPBS respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value (NPV) of FDG-PET were 87.5%, 71%, 87.5% and 71% and 81.25%, 28.5%, 72% and 40% for TPBS, respectively. Group II: charcot's: cellulitis: Normal were 22:14:7 by FDG PET and 32:5:6 by TPBS, respectively. Conclusion: Flourodeoxy glucose PET-CT has a higher specificity and NPV than TPBS in diagnosing pedal osteomyelitis. TPBS, being highly sensitive is more useful than FDG-PET in detecting Charcot's neuropathy. PMID:25829725

  12. Phenomenological Approach to Cellular Pattern Formed during Directional Solidification

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wolczy?Ski, W.; Kloch, J.

    1997-10-01

    The approach to the solid/liquid (s/l) interface geometry for a 1D experiment of cellular growth is presented. It is based on a periodical function which comprises fundamental undulation of the planar s/l interface and some disfigurements of this undulation. Four regions of the cellular structure formation are distinguished versus growth rate: finite cells, doublets, deep cells and gothic cells (predendritic region). The fundamental undulation is expressed by the same formula within all the regions and the intercellular spacing is treated as equal to the wavelength of undulation. The differentiation among the regions is expressed by some terms responsible for the disfigurements of undulation. The fitting of the presented equations to the observed cellular morphology is the subject of the method. The selection of the intercellular spacing with the use of the criterion of minimum entropy production is suggested. However, only the formal calculation of the undulation amplitude is presented. L'approche de gomtrie de l'interface cellulaire pour l'observation unidimensionelle est montre. Elle est base sur une fonction priodique qui comprend les deux: l'ondulation fondamentale du front plan et certaines dformations de cet ondulation. Quatre rgions de la formation des structures cellulaires ont t diffrencies en fonction de vitesse de croissance: des cellules finies, des cellules profondes, doubletons et des cellules gothiques (la rgion prdendritique). L'ondulation fondamentale est exprime par le mme terme dans toutes les rgions et la taille cellulaire est traite comme equivalent la longueur d'onde de l'ondulation. La diffrenciation parmis les rgions est exprime par les termes responsables de dformations de l'ondulation. L'ajustement des quations proposes la morphologie cellulaire observe est le sujet du procd. La slection de la taille cellulaire l'aide d'un critre de production d'entropie minimum est propose. Cependant, seulement un calcul formel de l'amplitude d'ondulation est present.

  13. Airgun pellet injuries of the neck.

    PubMed

    Cook, J A; Dawkins, R S

    1989-04-01

    Penetrating injuries of the neck are a cause of retropharyngeal abscess. Should a foreign body become lodged in the retropharyngeal tissues its removal may avoid this complication, but surgery can in itself be hazardous. Between 10 and 15 per cent of cases of retropharyngeal cellulitis resulting from whatever cause do not progress to abscess formation if treated conservatively. Consequently, it is important to have evidence of abscess formation before surgery is undertaken, as illustrated by this paper in the form of a case report and a review of the current literature. PMID:2715705

  14. Wall teichoic acids prevent antibody binding to epitopes within the cell wall of Staphylococcus aureus.

    PubMed

    Gautam, Samir; Kim, Taehan; Lester, Evan; Deep, Deeksha; Spiegel, David A

    2016-01-15

    Staphylococcus aureus is a Gram-positive bacterial pathogen that produces a range of infections including cellulitis, pneumonia, and septicemia. The principle mechanism in antistaphylococcal host defense is opsonization with antibodies and complement proteins, followed by phagocytic clearance. Here we use a previously developed technique for installing chemical epitopes in the peptidoglycan cell wall to show that surface glycopolymers known as wall teichoic acids conceal cell wall epitopes, preventing their recognition and opsonization by antibodies. Thus, our results reveal a previously unrecognized immunoevasive role for wall teichoic acids in S. aureus: repulsion of peptidoglycan-targeted antibodies. PMID:26502318

  15. Histopathologic features in a case of hyperimmunoglobulinemia D syndrome

    PubMed Central

    Pace, Sarah; Bingham, Jonathan; Royer, Michael

    2015-01-01

    We describe a case of Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency (MKD) also known as Hyperimmunoglobulinemia D Syndrome (HIDS) presenting as a Sweet-like syndrome in a 5-week-old with multiple erythematous plaques, fever, aseptic meningitis, and bronchiolitis. The locations of the predominant plaques were periumbilical and periocular, which originally prompted concern for omphalitis and preseptal cellulitis. Histopathology demonstrated a neutrophilic and histiocytic dermatitis with prominent squamous syringometaplasia and leukocytoclasis in the absence of a vasculitis. This case is reported here due to the unique findings of a prominent histiocytic component in addition to the typically described neutrophilic infiltrate. PMID:26904447

  16. Acquired lymphangiectasis after breast conservation treatment for breast cancer: report of a case.

    PubMed

    Tasdelen, Ismet; Gokgoz, Sehsuvar; Paksoy, Ela; Yerci, Omer; Cetintas, Sibel Kahraman; Demiray, Mutlu; Samsa, Veysi

    2004-01-01

    Acquired lymphangiectasis is a dilatation of lymphatic vessels that can result as a complication of surgical intervention and radiation therapy for malignancy. Acquired lymphangiectasis shares clinical and histological features with the congenital lesion, lymphangioma circumscriptum. Diagnosis and treatment of these vesiculobullous lesions is important because they may be associated with pain, chronic drainage, and cellulitis. We describe patient who had these lesions after treatment for cancer. Although a number of treatment options are available, we have found cryosurgery and electrocautery to be particularly effective. PMID:15347491

  17. Submasseteric Infection: A Rare, Deep Space Cheek Infection Causing Trismus.

    PubMed

    Schwartz, Richard H; Bahadori, Robert S; Willis, Andrea

    2015-11-01

    Submasseteric space infections are rare at any age but particularly so in primary school children. The origin of the infection is usually odontogenic, from pericoronitis in a third molar. Submasseteric inflammation is a deep facial space inflammation, often progressing to mature abscess, and usually misdiagnosed as staphylococcal or streptococcal lymphadenitis or pyogenic parotitis. The hallmark of a masticatory space infection is trismus. The cardinal signs of this infection include a firm mass in the body of the masseter muscle with overlying cellulitis with trismus. PMID:25411856

  18. Skin infections in Tanna, Vanuatu in 1989.

    PubMed

    Harris, M; Nako, D; Hopkins, T; Powell, D M; Kenny, C; Carroll, C; Carroll, K

    1992-06-01

    Skin infections are an important health problem in Vanuatu and other Pacific island countries. In this study, 18,223 people, representing 90% of the population of the southern island of Tanna in Vanuatu, were examined. Scabies was found in 16% of those screened, with 24% of children under 10 years affected. Other skin infections were predominantly furuncles, abscesses, impetigo and cellulitis and were found in 12% overall and in 16% of children under 10 years of age. These infections were found to be more common in larger households and in the vicinity of the volcano Yasur. Strategies for prevention and management of skin infections in Vanuatu are discussed. PMID:1509813

  19. Necrotising fasciitis due to an infected sebaceous cyst.

    PubMed

    Bosman, W M P F; Brekelmans, W; Verduijn, P S; Borger van der Burg, B L S; Ritchie, E D

    2014-01-01

    The current case presents a patient who was admitted to our hospital with the diagnosis of cellulitis of the right groin. In the following days, the patient's condition deteriorated and developed a septic shock. Exploration in the operating room showed a necrotising fasciitis of the adductor muscles, with an infected sebaceous cyst in the inguinal crest as port d'entre. After extensive surgical debridement, antibiotic therapy, haemodynamic and respiratory support, the patient recovered. Necrotising fasciitis is a rare but very lethal condition, which necessitates aggressive surgical therapy and antibiotic support. The current case report is the first report to show a necrotising fasciitis due to an infected sebaceous cyst. PMID:24789153

  20. Wells syndrome associated with chronic lymphocytic leukemia*

    PubMed Central

    Stuhr, Petra Maria de Oliveira Duarte; do Vale, Everton Carlos Siviero

    2015-01-01

    Eosinophilic cellulitis or Wells syndrome is an uncommon skin condition of unknown etiology that can occur alone or associated with other conditions. Typically, it presents with recurrent pruritic, erythematous and edematous plaques, but it can also show clinical polymorphism. Besides the cutaneous lesions, patients can experience systemic manifestations like fever, malaise, arthralgia and peripheral blood eosinophilia. We describe a case of this rare syndrome that presented with polymorphic cutaneous lesions associated with a serious systemic disease, which was revealed through the investigation of the cutaneous disease. PMID:26375230

  1. Atraumatic Subdural Hematoma in a Third-Trimester Gravid Patient

    PubMed Central

    Traficante, D. C.; Marin, A.; Catapano, A.

    2016-01-01

    Acute atraumatic subdural hematoma is a rare occurrence and there exist few case studies which describe suspected cases and causes for this condition. We present a case of a 36-year-old female at 32-week gestation who initially presented to the emergency department for evaluation of lower extremity cellulitis but had acute neurologic change while being in the ED. Computed tomography revealed a right subdural hematoma with midline shift and mass effect. The primary cause for the patient's subdural hematoma is unknown; however, this patient had several risk factors for developing an atraumatic subdural hematoma. PMID:26989526

  2. Leech-borne Serratia marcescens infection following complex hand injury.

    PubMed

    Pereira, J A; Greig, J R; Liddy, H; Ion, L; Moss, A L

    1998-12-01

    Leeches are commonly used in the postoperative course of plastic surgical operations where there is venous congestion in a pedicled or free flap. They provide a temporary relief to venous engorgement whilst venous drainage is re-established. It is known that leeches can carry Aeromonas hydrophila infection, and a second or third generation cephalosporin antibiotic has traditionally been given as prophylaxis against infection. We report a new observation that leeches can carry Serratia marcescens and give rise to clinically significant infection. The implication for prophylaxis and treatment of leech-associated cellulitis is discussed. PMID:10209471

  3. Necrotizing Fasciitis of the Nose Complicated with Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

    PubMed Central

    Swaminath, D.; Narayanan, R.; Orellana-Barrios, M. A.; Temple, B.

    2014-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressive life threatening bacterial infection of the skin, the subcutaneous tissue, and the fascia. We present a case of necrotizing fasciitis involving the nose complicated by cavernous sinus thrombosis. Few cases of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis have been reported to be caused by cellulitis of the face but necrotizing fasciitis of the nose is rare. It is very important to recognize the early signs of cavernous thrombosis. Treatment for septic cavernous sinus thrombosis is controversial but early use of empirical antibiotics is imperative. PMID:24876978

  4. Necrotizing fasciitis of the nose complicated with cavernous sinus thrombosis.

    PubMed

    Swaminath, D; Narayanan, R; Orellana-Barrios, M A; Temple, B

    2014-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressive life threatening bacterial infection of the skin, the subcutaneous tissue, and the fascia. We present a case of necrotizing fasciitis involving the nose complicated by cavernous sinus thrombosis. Few cases of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis have been reported to be caused by cellulitis of the face but necrotizing fasciitis of the nose is rare. It is very important to recognize the early signs of cavernous thrombosis. Treatment for septic cavernous sinus thrombosis is controversial but early use of empirical antibiotics is imperative. PMID:24876978

  5. Ultrasonography of the extremities and pelvic girdle and correlation with computed tomography

    SciTech Connect

    Yeh, H.C.; Rabinowitz, J.G.

    1982-05-01

    Ultrasonography was performed on 54 patients with lesions of the extremities and pelvic girdle. Computed tomography (CT) was employed in 8 patients. Focal space-occupying lesions such as tumors, abscesses, hematomas, aneurysms, and popliteal cysts (dissecting or otherwise) were delineated by ultrasound and their extent defined. Differentiation from diffuse changes such as lymphedema, cellulitis, or phlebitis and diagnosis of aneurysms were possible. Popliteal cysts were ususally quite characteristic, while correlation with the clinical features suggested the correct diagnosis in the case of the other lesions. CT correlated well with ultrasound, except for one tumor of the forearm which was not shown by CT.

  6. Puncture wounds to the foot.

    PubMed

    Verdile, V P; Freed, H A; Gerard, J

    1989-01-01

    Puncture wounds to the foot are common presenting problems in most busy emergency departments. Although seemingly benign, the sequelae after simple puncture wounds to the foot can include cellulitis, retained foreign bodies, or even osteomyelitis. Inadequate scientific research on this topic has left only anecdotal or retrospective reports for review in the medical literature. Antibiotics, radiographs, or surgical exploration in the management of puncture wounds to the foot all lack clinical studies to support their use. This review summarizes the literature and points to the inconsistencies in the management of puncture wounds to the foot. PMID:2567749

  7. Dental Procedures: Is it a Risk Factor for Injectable Dermal Fillers?

    PubMed

    Ramzi, Abbas Al; Kassim, Maysoun; George, Joju V; Amin, Ashraf

    2015-03-01

    Dental procedures done in the vicinity of dermal fillers may result in complications of the dermal fillers such as infections which may mimic a dental infection. These infections of dermal fillers must be differentiated from facial cellulitis or from dental infection as treatment for infection from dermal fillers may be prolonged with repeated use of antibiotics, incision and drainage or removal of the filler material itself. Dental surgeons need to be aware of this potential risk in order to recognize and manage it appropriately. PMID:25838691

  8. More than meets the eye: a rapidly progressive skin infection in a football player.

    PubMed

    Geissler, Kyle E; Borchers, James R

    2015-05-01

    Fournier gangrene (FG) is a rare polymicrobial infection of perineum that carries a high mortality rate. Survival depends on rapid identification of the infection with early and extensive debridement of necrotic tissue. We present a case of an otherwise healthy American football offensive lineman who was initially hospitalized for gluteal abscess and advancing cellulitis. The patient was discovered to have FG during intraoperative debridement of the abscess and was subsequently treated with several weeks of broad-spectrum antibiotics. This case highlights the importance that team physicians play in the identification and appropriate management of potentially life-threatening infections. PMID:24942620

  9. Acquired scalp alopecia. Part II: A review.

    PubMed

    Sullivan, J R; Kossard, S

    1999-05-01

    The neutrophil-associated and infiltrative scarring alopecias are reviewed including folliculitis decalvans, tufted folliculitis, dissecting cellulitis of the scalp, acne keloidalis and follicular degeneration syndrome. The management of acquired scalp alopecia is also reviewed including newer, promising therapies. More specific agents targeting components of the androgen system will make the treatment of androgenetic alopecia more rewarding. Similarly new immunomodulatory therapies show great promise for the lymphocyte-associated alopecias and include a new generation of macrolide immunosuppressives (tacrolimus, SDZ ASM 981, and SDZ 281-240), some of which appear to have good transcutaneous absorption. PMID:10333615

  10. Liomyosarcome de la veine cave infrieure: un cas clinique

    PubMed Central

    Hammoune, Nabil; El Guendouz, Faycal; Elhaddad, Siham; Latib, Rachida; Chami, Imane; Boujida, Najib; Hommadi, Abdelaziz

    2015-01-01

    Le liomyosarcome de la veine cave infrieure est une tumeur maligne rare dveloppe aux dpens des cellules musculaires lisses de la paroi vasculaire. L'imagerie radiologique par tomodensitomtrie ou rsonance magntique nuclaire est un lment important au diagnostic et au bilan d'extension tumorale. Le traitement est chirurgical. Nous illustrons l'apport de l'imagerie travers un cas de liomyosarcome rvl par des pigastralgies paroxystiques, dont le diagnostique tait orient par la TDM, et confirm par ltude histologique. Lvolution tait favorable. Aprs 2 ans de recul, la patiente tait indemne de toute rcidive tumorale. PMID:26161206

  11. Wells syndrome: an enigmatic and therapeutically challenging disease.

    PubMed

    Chung, Christina Lee; Cusack, Carrie Ann

    2006-10-01

    Wells syndrome, also known as eosinophilic cellulitis, is an uncommon condition whose etiology often remains a mystery. Patients present with recurrent cutaneous swellings that are often cellulitic in appearance. Histopathologic evaluation of the skin lesions reveals a dense dermal eosinophilic infiltrate, marked edema, and characteristic "flame figures". Notably, the picture is devoid of vasculitis. Therapy with low-dose systemic steroids has proven variably successful. Clinical evidence lending support for the efficacy of other medications has been, for the most part, anecdotal. We present a case of Wells syndrome, review the literature, and discuss therapeutic options. PMID:17039661

  12. [Management of skin lesions in returning travelers].

    PubMed

    Monsel, Gentiane; Caumes, ric

    2015-04-01

    Dermatoses in returning travellers are common. These dermatoses are mainly infectious, the most common being bacterial infections of cosmopolitan origin (cellulitis, pyoderma and abcess). Others dermatoses are environmental diseases such as sunburns, arthropod-related reactions and superficial injuries. The most common tropical skin disease is hookworm-related cutaneous larva migrans but treating physicians may also face patients with localized cutaneous leishmaniasis, tungiasis, or myiasis. Also some systemic infections can be associated with skin manifestations. The most useful treatments in this setting are oral antihistamines, topical steroids, antibiotics effective against bacterial skin infection, booster for tetanus immunization, and rabies vaccination in case of animal exposure. PMID:26058193

  13. Fatal necrotizing fasciitis and myositis in a captive common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) associated with Streptococcus agalactiae.

    PubMed

    Zappulli, Valentina; Mazzariol, Sandro; Cavicchioli, Laura; Petterino, Claudio; Bargelloni, Luca; Castagnaro, Massimo

    2005-11-01

    A common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) was presented for necropsy after acute onset of gastrointestinal signs and cutaneous lesions that rapidly progressed to death. Gross and microscopic findings were characterized by locally extensive severe necrohemorrhagic fasciitis and cellulitis, and severe necrotizing myositis in the head and dorsocranial thorax, with numerous disseminated gram-positive cocci. Streptococcus agalactiae was isolated from the lesions and from visceral organs (liver and lung), and it was identified by standard microbiology techniques. This communication is the first report of necrotizing fasciitis in a marine mammal associated with S. agalactiae. PMID:16475528

  14. Plasmocytome costal solitaire: propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Razafimanjato, Narindra Njarasoa Mihaja; Ravoatrarilandy, Manjakaniaina; Rakotoarisoa, Andriamihaja Jean Claude; Hasiniatsy, Rodrigue; Hunald, Allen Francis; Rakototiana, Auberlin Felantsoa; Rafaramino, Florine; Rakotovao, Hanitrala Jean Louis

    2014-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent un cas de plasmocytome solitaire particulire par leur localisation costale. Le diagnostic est bas sur la mise en vidence d'une tumeur localise, constitue de cellules plasmocytaires monoclonales cytologiquement identiques celles du mylome multiple, en l'absence d'autres signes en faveur d'une forme dissmine. Nous rapportons un cas de plasmocytome solitaire localisation costale et nous discutons les aspects diagnostiques et thrapeutiques de cette affection potentiellement menace dans son volution par la transformation en mylome multiple. PMID:25419306

  15. A one-stage marsupialization procedure for management of infected umbilical vein remnants in calves and foals.

    PubMed

    Edwards, R B; Fubini, S L

    1995-01-01

    Five Holstein calves and two foals with omphalophlebitis were treated by surgical marsupialization of the umbilical vein remnant because complete resection of the infected tract was not possible. The infected umbilical stalk was resected, and the umbilical vein remnant was marsupialized in a one-stage procedure by suturing it into the abdominal wall lateral to the abdominal incision. Antimicrobial drugs were administered, and the marsupialized tract was irrigated until closure by second intention healing. Cellulitis associated with the marsupialization site occurred in two calves but resolved with antimicrobial therapy. Owners reported that, 9 to 60 months after surgery, there were no complications associated with the procedure. PMID:7701768

  16. Annual progress report, July 1, 1983-June 30, 1984

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1984-01-01

    Research in the Laboratory of Biomolecular and Celluler Sciences deals with proliferation, gene expression and differentiation in normal cells and in cells exposed to pollutants, carcinogens or tumor promoters. The research program of the Laboratory of Environmental Biology presents an integrated approach to studies of the functional interactions of the physical and biotic components of arid land ecosystems. Nuclear Medicine research has focussed on development of positron emission tomography, preparation of short-lived isotopes of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon and fluorine, use of these isotopes to label physiological substrates, tracer studies of cerebral biochemistry and physiology, measurement of regional myocardial fatty acid metabolism and blood flow. (AER)

  17. Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis in an immunocompetent host: case report and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Revenga, F; Paricio, J F; Merino, F J; Nebreda, T; Ramrez, T; Martnez, A M

    2002-01-01

    We report a 46-year-old male who developed cellulitis of his third right finger after being injured with a metallic object. Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans was isolated from both the skin and the metallic object. Systemic cryptococcosis and immunosuppression was excluded by appropriate tests. Complete healing was achieved after 10 months of itraconazole 100 mg/12 h and surgical excision of the remaining lesion. Our literature review shows another 16 cases of primary cutaneous cryptococcosis in nonimmunocompromised hosts. The clinical, mycological and therapeutic characteristics of these patients are reviewed. PMID:11937743

  18. Tracheostomy Wound Myiasis in a Child: Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Blejter, J.

    2012-01-01

    An 8-year-old tracheostomized, gastrostomized, and with cerebral palsy boy was admitted for tracheostomy wound myiasis and cellulitis. Ether was applied in the wound, and then all the accessible larvae were removed. Antibiotic therapy was initiated. The procedure had to be repeated three more times to extract all the larvae. An airway endoscopy was performed and ruled out the presence of larvae in the airway, as well as any damage to the wall of the trachea. The patient recovered uneventfully and was discharged. PMID:22606531

  19. The Clock Is Ticking: The Timely Management of a Painful Skin Rash in a Seventy-Year-Old Woman

    PubMed Central

    Patel, Vijaykumar G.; Nichols, Michelle L.

    2014-01-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon but a potentially fatal condition and can affect any part of the body. Most patients have pre-existing conditions that render them susceptible to infection, although etiology is unclear. Diagnosis is primarily clinical and is often delayed because of the unfamiliarity of the condition among clinicians. Management consists of immediate resuscitation, early surgical debridement, and administration of broad spectrum intravenous antibiotics. We report a case of a 70 year old woman who presented with a painful erythematous rash, was admitted as a case of cellulitis, later developed worsening of symptoms and septic shock, and was diagnosed as necrotizing fasciitis. PMID:24715917

  20. Hereditary angioedema type 2 presented as an orbital complication of acute rhinosinusitis.

    PubMed

    Somuk, Battal Tahsin; Gktas, Gksel; zer, Samet; Sapmaz, Emrah; Bas, Yalc?n

    2016-03-01

    Hereditary angioedema is an autosomal dominant and life-threatening disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of non-pitting edema affecting the skin, respiratory system and digestive tracts and caused by a congenital deficiency or function defect of the C1 esterase inhibitor. Preseptal cellulitis is defined as an infection of the tissues of the anterior orbital septum. It is generally caused by complications from an upper respiratory tract infection, dacryocystitis, dermal infection, and, rarely, sinusitis. The disease presents with orbital pain, edema on the eyelids, erythema, and fever. In this case, a child with hereditary angioedema type 2 who presented as mimicking a complication of acute sinusitis is discussed. PMID:26857308

  1. Ocular complications of Wegener's granulomatosis.

    PubMed

    Bullen, C L; Liesegang, T J; McDonald, T J; DeRemee, R A

    1983-03-01

    140 patients with biopsy-proven Wegener's granulomatosis were examined during a 16-year period at the Mayo Clinic. Forty patients had diverse and explosive ophthalmic involvement, including conjunctivitis, episcleritis, scleritis, corneal ulceration, uveitis, retinal vasculitis, optic neuropathy, orbital mass, orbital cellulitis, and obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct. The multiple ophthalmic and systemic complications in these 40 patients and the importance of establishing the pathologic diagnosis are discussed. Treatment with corticosteroids and immunosuppressive agents has dramatically improved the prognosis, although substantial mortality (four patients died of Wegener's granulomatosis) and ocular morbidity (three eyes were enucleated) are still associated with this disease. PMID:6602963

  2. Surgical Site Infection Caused by Aeromonas hydrophila in a Patient with Underlying Malignancy

    PubMed Central

    Ahmed, Nishat Hussain; Grover, Rajesh Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Aeromonas skin and soft tissue infections in cancer patients can lead to serious life threatening conditions such as cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis and myonecrosis. We report here a case of surgical site infection, post radical mastectomy, in a 58-year-old female with carcinoma breast. Cultures of exudates from the wound grew Aeromonas hydrophila on repeated occasions. Recovery was uneventful following targeted antimicrobial therapy and regular dressing of the wound. Early suspicion, diagnosis, and treatment with potent antibiotics are needed to prevent any further complications resulting from infection by this emerging pathogen. PMID:25737989

  3. Derm diagnoses you can't afford to miss.

    PubMed

    Hazin, Ribhi; Abuzetun, Jamil Y; Khatri, Khalil A

    2009-06-01

    Management of hereditary angioedema should include fresh frozen plasma containing C1 inhibitor (C1-INH), whenever possible; if C1-INH-containing plasma is unavailable, fresh frozen plasma can be used instead. Do not give neomycin to patients with suspected cellulitis; the drug may promote antibiotic resistance in Staphylococcus aureus, a pathogen often associated with this condition. Whenever a patient presents with erythematous skin lesions and a recent history of receiving penicillin or a cephalosporin antibiotic, a sulfa derivative, or an anticonvulsant, the suspected medication should be stopped until Stevens-Johnson syndrome is ruled out. PMID:19508842

  4. Pilonidal Abscess Associated With Primary Actinomycosis

    PubMed Central

    Abdul Malik, Mohamad Hashir; Keh, Chris Hang Liang

    2015-01-01

    Pilonidal disease in the sacrococcygeal region usually presents as abscesses, recurrent inflammation, cellulitis or fistula tracks. However, few reports on actinomycosis affecting pilonidal sinuses have been published. We report a case of a 25-year-old woman who presented with a pilonidal abscess who underwent surgical drainage and debridement. Pus from the pilonidal abscess was sent for microbiology, which grew actinomyces turicensis associated with prevotella bivia and peptostreptococci. She was treated with oral amoxicillin-clavulanate after surgical drainage for one week and recovered well. Actinomycosis associated with pilonidal abscesses, though uncommon, should be recognized and can be satisfactorily treated with a combination of surgical drainage and antibiotics. PMID:26817020

  5. [Orbital complications of sinusitis].

    PubMed

    ucha?, M; Hor?k, M; Kaliarik, L; Krempask, S; Kotialov, T; Kova?, J

    2014-12-01

    Orbital complications categorised by Chandler are emergency. They need early diagnosis and agresive treatment. Stage and origin of orbital complications are identified by rhinoendoscopy, ophtalmologic examination and CT of orbite and paranasal sinuses. Periorbital cellulitis and early stage of orbital cellulitis can be treated conservatively with i. v. antibiotics. Monitoring of laboratory parameters and ophtalmologic symptoms is mandatory. Lack of improvement or worsening of symptoms within 24-48 hours and advanced stages of orbital complications are indicated for surgery. The purpose of the study is to evaluate epidemiology, clinical features and management of sinogenic orbital complications. Retrospective data of 8 patients with suspicion of orbital complication admited to hospital from 2008 to 2013 were evaluated. Patients were analyzed in terms of gender, age, CT findings, microbiology, clinical features, stage and treatment. Male and female were afected in rate 1,66:1. Most of patients were young adult in 3rd. and 4th. decade of life (62,5 %). Acute and chronic sinusitis were cause of orbital complication in the same rate. The most common origin of orbital complication was ethmoiditis (62,5 %), than maxillary (25 %) and frontal (12,5 %) sinusitis. Polysinusitis with affection of ethmoidal, maxillary and frontal sinuses (75 %) was usual CT finding. Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus were etiological agens in half of cases. Periorbital oedema (100 %), proptosis, chemosis (50 %), diplopia and glaucoma (12,5 %) were observed. Based on examinations, diagnosis of periorbital oedema/preseptal cellulitis was made in 3 (37,5 %), orbital cellulitis in 3 (37,5 %) and subperiosteal abscess in 2 cases (25 %). All patients underwent combined therapy - i. v. antibiotics and surgery within 24 hours. Eradication of disease from ostiomeatal complex (OMC), drainage of affected sinuses and drainage of subperiosteal abscess were done via fuctional endonasal endoscopic surgery (FEES). In case of superior subperiosteal abscess, combined endonasal and external approach (external orbitotomy) was needed. Combined therapy facilitated quick improvement of local and systematic symptoms. Average time of hospitalisation was 7 days. Early diagnosis and agresive combined therapy prevent loss of vision and life threatening complications. PMID:25640234

  6. Multiple nontuberculous scrofulodermas showing dramatic response to clarithromycin

    PubMed Central

    Parimalam, Kumar; Senthil, G.; Vinnarasan, M.; Arumugakani, V.; Amutha, B. M.; Lalitha, S.; Swarna, S.

    2015-01-01

    Atypical mycobacteria are distinct from the Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Mycobacterium chelonae, a non-pigment producing rapid grower, can be found in many cutaneous sites; infection occurs most commonly after skin trauma from surgery, injections, or minor injuries. In immune competent patients, the infection is more frequently localized as a cellulitis or a nodule, whereas, in the immunocompromised patient, dissemination (more than five lesions) can occur. Because the organism is resistant to antituberculous therapy, abscess can develop and follow a chronic, indolent course. We report a case of multiple scrofuloderma due to nontuberculous infection caused by M. chelonae showing dramatic response to clarithromycin. PMID:25657914

  7. New developments in clinical aspects of lymphatic disease.

    PubMed

    Mortimer, Peter S; Rockson, Stanley G

    2014-03-01

    The lymphatic system is fundamentally important to cardiovascular disease, infection and immunity, cancer, and probably obesity--the four major challenges in healthcare in the 21st century. This Review will consider the manner in which new knowledge of lymphatic genes and molecular mechanisms has demonstrated that lymphatic dysfunction should no longer be considered a passive bystander in disease but rather an active player in many pathological processes and, therefore, a genuine target for future therapeutic developments. The specific roles of the lymphatic system in edema, genetic aspects of primary lymphedema, infection (cellulitis/erysipelas), Crohn's disease, obesity, cancer, and cancer-related lymphedema are highlighted. PMID:24590276

  8. Frequent bacterial skin and soft tissue infections: diagnostic signs and treatment.

    PubMed

    Sunderkötter, Cord; Becker, Karsten

    2015-06-01

    Skin and soft tissue infections rank among the most frequent infections worldwide. Classic erysipelas is defined as a non-purulent infection by beta-hemolytic streptococci. The typical signs are tender, warm, bright erythema with tongue-like extensions and early systemic symptoms such as fever or at least chills. Erysipelas always and best responds to penicillin. Limited soft tissue infection or limited cellulitis are the terms we have introduced for infections frequently caused by S. aureus and often originating from chronic wounds or acute trauma. Clinically, they are marked by tender, erythematous swelling which, unlike erysipelas, exhibit a darker red hue and is not always accompanied by fever or chills at onset. Severe cellulitis is a purulent, partially necrotic infection extending to the fascia, with general symptoms of infection, requiring surgical management in addition to antibiotics. It often fulfils criteria of so-called complicated soft tissue infections according to the definition of the FDA, due to their frequent association with e.g. severe diabetes mellitus, peripheral arterial occlusive disease or severe immunosuppression. In contrast, the rare necrotizing skin and soft tissue infections represent a distinct entity, characterized by rapid progression to ischemic necroses and shock due to special bacterial toxins. Limited cellulitis should be treated with cephalosporins group 1 or 2, or, when S.aureus is the isolated or highly likely causative agent, isoxazolyl-penicillins (exploiting their minimal selection pressure on other bacteria). For severe cellulitis, initial antibiotic treatment (mostly iv) includes - depending on the location - agents also active against gram-negative and/or anaerobic bacteria. (e.g. clindamycine, aminopeniclilline with inhibitors of betalaktamase, fluochinolons, cephalosporines group 4). For cutaneous abscesses, drainage presents the therapy of choice. Only under certain conditions additional antibiotic therapy is required. Adherence to the diagnostic criteria and to evidence-based or consensus-derived treatment recommendations as presented herein should allow for an antibiotic therapy with a good balance of efficacy, tolerability by patients and low selection pressure for highly resistant bacteria. PMID:26018361

  9. Case report. Cutaneous cryptococcosis in a patient with systemic erythematous lupus.

    PubMed

    Ramos, L; Lpez, C; Gmez, C; Mathurn, S; Mateo, A

    2001-11-01

    The first case of a cutaneous cryptococcosis associated with systemic erythematous lupus (SLE) diagnosed in our Mycology Reference Centre is presented: a 24-year-old female patient diagnosed with SLE, nephrotic syndrome, arterial hypertension, renal insufficiency due to glomerulonephritis type IV and cellulitis in the right thigh and gluteus. Cryptococcus neoformans was isolated by cutaneous biopsy and haemoculture. Cryptococcal antigen was detected in serum by the latex agglutination test. As the patient did not respond to fluconazol intravenous treatment, amphotericin B administration was performed. She died of acute renal insufficiency. PMID:11766110

  10. [Septicemic cutaneous localization of cryptococcosis following renal transplantation in a female].

    PubMed

    Dupond, A S; Humbert, P; Faivre, B; Hory, B; Barale, T; Laurent, R; Agache, P

    1993-01-01

    Cryptococcosis is a systemic disease caused by the yeast-like fungus Cryptococcus neoformans. Cutaneous manifestations, although rare, may precede other organ involvements. A case of cutaneous cryptococcosis is described herein. The skin lesions in our patient (a 47-year old female with renal transplant) consisted of acute cellulitis over her left and right thighs, revealing a septicemic infection. The patient received immunosuppressive drugs (prednisone, azathioprine). Clinical, mycological and histopathological data are described in details. Amphotericin B and fluconazole were initially successful, but a relapse with Cryptococcus meningitis required the adjunction of itraconazole to treatment. This case report underlines the insufficient effectiveness of fluconazole and the success of itraconazole. PMID:8161115

  11. Centella asiatica (Indian pennywort), an effective therapeutic but a weak sensitizer.

    PubMed

    Hausen, B M

    1993-10-01

    The sensitizing capacity of Centella asiatica (raw extract) and its triterpenic constituents asiaticoside, asiatic acid and madecassic acid has been studied in guinea pigs. The extract itself as well as the 3 acids were found to be very weak sensitizers. Centella asiatica extract is used effectively in the treatment of keloids, leg ulcers, phlebitis, slow-healing wounds, leprosy, surgical lesions, striae distensae and cellulitis. Although applied frequently to damaged skin, the risk of acquiring contact sensitivity to this plant or its constituents is low. PMID:8281778

  12. Evaluation of extremity pain in children using technetium-99m MDP bone scan: A general hospital experience

    SciTech Connect

    Park, H.M.; Rothschild, P.A.; Kernek, C.B.

    1984-01-01

    This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of three-phase bone scan in detection of significant pathology i.e., osteomyelitis (OM), septic joint, cellulitis, etc., in children with symptoms of extremity pain. A total of 100 consecutive patients (age 9 days - 16 yrs, 63 boys and 37 girls) were studied. The authors reviewed their scans, x-rays and hospital records. The final diagnoses were based on the findings of needle aspiration, surgical drainage, biopsy, culture, and on the therapeutic response. In 87%, sufficiently long clinical follow-up was available to confirm the final diagnoses. In the remaining 13%, the symptoms resolved quickly and follow-up was not felt necessary. The scan was essential in pinpointing the lesions in pts with referred or nonlocalizing extremity pain. The +ve and -ve predictive values of the scan and OM were 89% and 96% respectively. One spiral fracture was misinterpreted as diffuse OM. One ''Subacute epiphyseal OM'' was not detected. In two cases, cellulitis and septic joint obscured underlying OM. Prior antibotic therapy resulted in one equivocal scan. Although less sensitive (29%) in early OM, radiographs play an important complimentary role. Bone scans detected underlying pathology for extremity pain in 61% of all pts studied.

  13. Epidemiology of Orthopaedic Trauma Admissions Over One Year in a District General Hospital in England

    PubMed Central

    Taylor, A; Young, A

    2015-01-01

    Introduction : Admission to district general hospitals in England has undergone change in recent years due to both an aging population and the reconfiguration of the major trauma network throughout the United Kingdom. Methods : We utilised a retrospective cohort study to analyse the epidemiology over a 12-month period at a district general hospital. Data was collected and divided into groups: upper limb, lower limb, vertebral disc disease, vertebral fracture, cellulitis without bone involvement and deep infection including metalwork. Results : 2817 patients were admitted over the 12-month period. There were 893 upper limb fractures, 1511 lower limb fractures, 126 vertebral disc disease, 55 vertebral fractures, 108 cellulitis without bone involvement and 124 deep infections with 19 admissions not specified due to coding. AN average of 242 patients were admitted each month with the majority admitted during the summer months. Conclusion : Although fractures make up the majority of the reason for which a person is admitted, there are also many other injuries/morbidities, which may necessitate admission. There is an increasing incidence of elderly osteoporotic fractures in females, which is balancing out the previously more common fractures seen in younger adults and adolescents. PMID:26069514

  14. Importance des communications intercellulaires en radiopathologie exprimentale : le syndrme inflammatoire radioinduit

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Agay, D.; Clarencon, D.; Multon, E.; Mestries, J.-C.; van der Meeren, A.; Mouthon, M.-A.; Gourmelon, P.

    1998-04-01

    The monolithic image of radiation pathology, the physiopathological mechanisms of which are limited to the conventional concept of specific target cell" with mitotic and apoptotic cell death, is changing owing to our increasing knowledge about intercellular communications. The cellular radiationbiology is currently enriched by the humoral" radiationbiology with its concept of target network" including cells and intercellular messengers. The radiation-induced disorders observed in these networks take shape in the inflammatory reaction, which is largely involved, in the physiopathological development of the acute radiation syndrome. These concepts of a perpetual cascade of cytokines, leading to radiation-induced late effects with no biological latent period, are especially illustrated by the radiation-induced pneumonitis and pulmonary fibrosis. L'image monolithique de la radiopathologie dont les mcanismes physiopathologiques sont rduits aux concepts classiques de cellule cible" spcifique avec mort cellulaire mitotique et apoptotique, se modifie grce l'accroissement de nos connaissances sur les communications intercellulaires. La radiobiologie cellulaire s'enrichit aujourd'hui de la radiobiologie humorale" avec son concept de rseau cible" tant au niveau des cellules que des messagers intercellulaires. Les dsordres radio-induits observs au niveau de ces rseaux se concrtisent dans la raction inflammatoire qui est fortement implique dans l'volution physiopathologique du syndrome aigu d'irradiation. Ces concepts d'une cascade perptuelle de cytokines, sans priode de latence biologique et qui amnent aux effets tardifs radio-induits, sont particulirement illustrs dans la pneumonie et la fibrose pulmonaire radio-induites.

  15. Differents aspects du fer dans l'organisme

    PubMed Central

    Bessis, Marcel; Breton-Gorius, Janine

    1959-01-01

    On voit des molcules de ferritine apparaitre dans le cytoplasme des cellules rticulaires au cours de la digestion des rythrocytes, autour des stromas phagocyts. Cette ferritine s'accumule en amas dans lesquels entrent d'autres substances, en particulier des lipides, provenant aussi des stromas globulaires et qui apparaissent sous forme mylinique. Souvent la ferritine se dispose d'une manire cristalline. Parfois la ferritine et l'apoferritine alternent dans ces cristaux. Parfois l'hmosidrine contient des cristaux qui semblent bien tre de l'apoferritine pure. L'injection de sels de fer donne lieu l'apparition de ferritine dans les cellules rticulaires. Dans les conditions de nos expriences, la plus grande partie du fer inject tait sous forme de ferritine dans un dlai de 3 jours. Un aspect intermdiaire entre celui du fer inject et celui de la ferritine a t trouv. Dans le cas des injections de saccharate de fer ce sont de fines aiguilles; dans le cas des injections de lactate de fer, il s'agit de masses fibreuses. PMID:13800106

  16. Tufted folliculitis of the scalp: a distinctive clinicohistological variant of folliculitis decalvans.

    PubMed

    Annessi, G

    1998-05-01

    Tufted folliculitis is an uncommon folliculitis of the scalp that resolves with patches of scarring alopecia within which multiple hair tufts emerge from dilated follicular orifices. The clinicohistological data from a group of 15 patients with tufted folliculitis were reviewed and compared with those of seven patients with folliculitis decalvans, five with acne keloidalis nuchae, four with dissecting cellulitis of the scalp, three with kerion celsi and 20 with follicular lichen planus. It was found that tufted folliculitis could be differentiated from folliculitis decalvans only by finding several hair tufts scattered within patches of scarring alopecia. Histologically, a single tuft consisted of peculiar clustering of adjacent follicular units opening at the bottom of an epidermal depression. Conversely, the presence of keloidal plaques in acne keloidalis nuchae, coalescing nodules discharging purulent material in dissecting cellulitis of the scalp, erythematous plaques covered by pustules replete with fungal elements in kerion celsi, and the absence of follicular pustules in follicular lichen planus distinguished these diseases from tufted folliculitis. On the basis of these findings, it is suggested that tufted folliculitis should be considered as a distinctive clinicohistological variant of folliculitis decalvans. Tufting of hair is caused by clustering of adjacent follicular units due to a fibrosing process and to retention of telogen hairs within the involved follicular units. PMID:9666825

  17. A Multidisciplinary Approach with Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Improve Outcome in Snake Bite Injuries

    PubMed Central

    Korambayil, Pradeoth Mukundan; Ambookan, Prashanth Varkey; Abraham, Siju Varghese; Ambalakat, Ajay

    2015-01-01

    Aim: Snakebite injuries are common in tropical India among those who are involved in outdoor activities. These injuries results in cellulitis, gangrene at the bite area, bleeding manifestations, compartment syndrome, regional lymphadenopathy, septicemia, hypotension, and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study is to share our experience of multidisciplinary approach in the management of snakebite injuries of the extremities with various treatment modalities including hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy, surgical debridement, and soft tissue reconstruction to provide an effective treatment for snake bite injuries. Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Plastic Surgery, during the period October 2012December 2014, wherein all the patients who were admitted with snakebite injuries were enrolled and the patients treated in plastic surgery department were included into the study. Out of total 766 patients, there were 323 patients treated with anti snake venom (ASV) and 29 died among the treated patients; 205 patients belonged to pediatric age group. Results: Out of 112 patients referred to Department of Plastic Surgery, 50 cases presented with cellulitis, 24 patients with compartment syndrome, and 38 patients were referred for the management of soft tissue cover over the extremities. Among 112 patients, 77 involved the lower extremity and 35 the upper extremity. Conclusion: Multidisciplinary approach including hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy improves outcome in the management of snakebite injuries of the extremities. PMID:26862269

  18. Morbidity of Inguinofemoral Lymphadenectomy in Vulval Cancer

    PubMed Central

    Soliman, A. A.; Heubner, M.; Kimmig, R.; Wimberger, P.

    2012-01-01

    Background. The aim of this study is to detect possible risk factors for development of short- and long-term local complications after inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy for vulval cancer. Methods. This retrospective cohort study included 34 vulval cancer patients that received inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy. The detected complications were wound cellulitis, wound seroma formation, wound breakdown, wound infection, and limb lymphoedema. Followup of the patient ran up to 84 months after surgery. Results. Within a total of 64 inguinofemoral lymphadenectomies, 24% of the inguinal wounds were affected with cellulitis, 13% developed a seroma, 10% suffered wound breakdown, 5% showed lower limb edema within a month of the operation, and 21.4% showed lower limb edema during the long-term followup. No significant correlation could be found between saphenous vein ligation and the development of any of the local complications. The 3-year survival rate in our cohort was 89.3%. Conclusions. Local complications after inguino-femoral lymphadenectomy are still very high, with no single pre-, intra-, or postoperative factor that could be incriminated. Saphenous vein sparing provided no significant difference in decreasing the rate of local complications. More trials should be done to study the sentinel lymph node detection technique. PMID:22262953

  19. Superoxide anions produced by Streptococcus pyogenes group A-stimulated keratinocytes are responsible for cellular necrosis and bacterial growth inhibition.

    PubMed

    Regnier, Elodie; Grange, Philippe A; Ollagnier, Guillaume; Crickx, Etienne; Elie, Laetitia; Chouzenoux, Sandrine; Weill, Bernard; Plainvert, Cline; Poyart, Claire; Batteux, Frdric; Dupin, Nicolas

    2016-02-01

    Gram-positive Streptococcus pyogenes (group A Streptococcus or GAS) is a major skin pathogen and interacts with keratinocytes in cutaneous tissues. GAS can cause diverse suppurative and inflammatory infections, such as cellulitis, a common acute bacterial dermo-hypodermitis with a high morbidity. Bacterial isolation yields from the lesions are low despite the strong local inflammation observed, raising numerous questions about the pathogenesis of the infection. Using an invitro model of GAS-infected keratinocytes, we show that the major ROS produced is the superoxide anion ([Formula: see text]), and that its production is time- and dose-dependent. Using specific modulators of ROS production, we show that [Formula: see text] is mainly synthesized by the cytoplasmic NADPH oxidase. Superoxide anion production leads to keratinocyte necrosis but incomplete inhibition of GAS growth, suggesting that GAS may be partially resistant to the oxidative burst. In conclusion, GAS-stimulated keratinocytes are able to develop an innate immune response based on the production of ROS. This local immune response limits GAS development and induces keratinocyte cell death, resulting in the skin lesions observed in patients with cellulitis. PMID:26621818

  20. Efficacy of Slimming Cream Containing 3.5% Water-Soluble Caffeine and Xanthenes for the Treatment of Cellulite: Clinical Study and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Byun, Sang-Young; Kwon, Soon-Hyo; Heo, Su-Hak; Shim, Jae-Seong; Du, Mi-Hee

    2015-01-01

    Background Cellulite is a 'cottage cheese-like' cutaneous change caused by subcutaneous fat bulging into the dermis that usually leads to cosmetic problems. Slimming cream containing 3.5% water-soluble caffeine and xanthenes exhibits a lipolytic effect with penetration into the dermis. Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of slimming cream for the treatment of cellulite. Methods Fifteen subjects with cellulite applied slimming cream to the thighs and inner side of the upper arms twice daily for 6 weeks. Efficacy was assessed using a standard visual scale, changes in the circumferences of the thighs and upper arms, and patient satisfaction by a questionnaire at baseline, week 3, and week 6. Safety was assessed by inquiring about adverse events through questionnaires. Results The standard visual scale score improved significantly by 0.49 points (19.8%) at week 6. Thigh and upper-arm circumferences decreased by 0.7 cm (1.7%) and 0.8 cm (2.3%), respectively, at week 6. Slight itching and transient flushing were commonly reported, but no serious adverse event occurred. Conclusion The slimming cream tested appears to be effective for the treatment of cellulitis without serious adverse effects. However, additional large clinical trials are required to confirm the efficacy and safety of slimming cream for the treatment of cellulitis. PMID:26082579

  1. Fournier's gangrene: a model for early prediction.

    PubMed

    Palvolgyi, Roland; Kaji, Amy H; Valeriano, Javier; Plurad, David; Rajfer, Jacob; de Virgilio, Christian

    2014-10-01

    Early diagnosis remains the cornerstone of management of Fournier's gangrene. As a result of variable progression of disease, identifying early predictors of necrosis becomes a diagnostic challenge. We present a scoring system based on objective admission criteria, which can help distinguish Fournier's gangrene from nonnecrotizing scrotal infections. Ninety-six patients were identified, 38 diagnosed with Fournier's gangrene and 58 diagnosed with scrotal cellulitis or abscess. Statistical analyses comparing admission vital signs, laboratory values, and imaging studies were performed and Classification and Regression Tree analysis was used to construct a scoring system. Admission heart rate greater than 110 beats/minute, serum sodium less than 135 mmol/L, blood urea nitrogen greater than 15 mg/dL, and white blood cell count greater than 15 10(3)/?L were significant predictors of Fournier's gangrene. Using a threshold score of two or greater, our model differentiates patients with Fournier's gangrene from those with nonnecrotizing infections with a sensitivity of 84.2 per cent. Only 34.2 per cent of patients with Fournier's gangrene had hard signs of necrotizing infection on admission, which were not observed in patients with nonnecrotizing infections. Objective admission criteria assist in distinguishing Fournier's gangrene from scrotal cellulitis or abscess. In situations in which results of the physical examination are ambiguous, this scoring system can heighten the index of suspicion for Fournier's gangrene and prompt rapid surgical intervention. PMID:25264631

  2. Evidence for increasing severity of community-onset boils and abscesses in UK General Practice.

    PubMed

    Shallcross, L J; Hayward, A C; Johnson, A M; Petersen, I

    2015-08-01

    In England, hospital admissions for severe staphylococcal boils and abscesses trebled between 1989 and 2004. We investigated this trend using routine data from primary and secondary care. We used The Health Improvement Network (THIN), a large primary-care database and national data on hospital admissions from Hospital Episode Statistics (HES). Time trends in the incidence of primary-care consultations for boils and abscesses were estimated for 1995-2010. HES data were used to calculate age-standardized hospital admission rates for boils, abscesses and cellulitis. The incidence of boil or abscess was 450 [95% confidence interval (CI) 447-452] per 100 000 person-years and increased slightly over the study period (incidence rate ratio 1005, 95% CI 1004-1007). The rate of repeat consultation for a boil or abscess increased from 66 (95% CI 59-73) per 100 000 person-years in 1995 to peak at 97 (95% CI 94-101) per 100 000 person-years in 2006, remaining stable thereafter. Hospital admissions for abscesses, carbuncles, furuncles and cellulitis almost doubled, from 123 admissions per 100 000 in 1998/1999 to 236 admissions per 100 000 in 2010/2011. Rising hospitalization and recurrence rates set against a background of stable community incidence suggests increased disease severity. Patients may be experiencing more severe and recurrent staphylococcal skin disease with limited treatment options. PMID:25530161

  3. Mtastase vsicale d'un adnocarcinome gastrique en bague chaton

    PubMed Central

    Seddik, Youssef; Al Jarroudi, Ouissam; Brahmi, Sami Aziz; Afqir, Said

    2014-01-01

    Bien que le cancer primitif de la vessie reprsente le deuxime cancer urologique aprs le cancer de la prostate, les mtastases vsicales sont rares et le primitif gastrique reste exceptionnel. On rapporte le cas d'un patient g de 46 ans, avec des pigatsralgies chroniques, qui prsentait une hmaturie totale avec des signes irritatifs urinaires. La cystoscopie a montr une vessie inflammatoire sans lsion tumorale dcelable. La biopsie vsicale avec une tude anatomopathologique a t en faveur d'un adnocarcinome peu diffrenci cellules indpendantes. Le scanner thoraco-abdomino-pelvien a montr un paississement vsical et gastrique. La fibroscopie oeso-gastroduodnale a montr une tumeur bourgeonnante ulcre fundique qui a t biopsie. Ltude anatomo-pathologique a montr un adnocarcinome gastrique cellules indpendantes mucipares. Le patient a eu 6 cures de chimiothrapie palliative de premire ligne type EOX base d'Epirubicine, Oxaliplatine, et Capcitabine, avec une lgre rgression tumorale puis une chimiothrapie de maintenance base de Capcitabine. PMID:25821549

  4. Tumeur d'Abrikossoff juxta axillaire: une localisation rare d'une tumeur très rare, à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Amourak, Sarah; Bouzoubaa, Wael; Jayi, Sofia; Alaoui, Fatimazahra Fdili; Chaara, Hikmat; Melhouf, Moulay Abdelilah

    2015-01-01

    Décrite pour la première fois en 1926 par Abrikossoff, les tumeurs à cellules granuleuses (TCG) sont bénignes et uniques dans la grande majorité des cas. Les principales localisations sont la cavité orale, puis les tissus sous-cutanés de la tête et du cou et les seins. La pathogenèse a été longtemps débattue, après avoir proposé initialement une origine musculaire striée les études récentes sont en faveur d'une origine neurogène schwannienne confirmées par une étude immunohistochimique. Le traitement de la tumeur à cellules granuleuses est un traitement chirurgical, il permet un diagnostic de certitude par l'examen anatomo-pathologique de la pièce d'exérèse qui doit rechercher les limites d'exérèse et la présence de critères de malignité. Leur évolution est souvent favorable si la résection chirurgicale est complète. Nous rapportons ici le cas d'une tumeur d'Abrikossoff à localisation juxta axillaire et nous profitons de faire une revue de la littérature afin de mettre le point sur cette entité rare. PMID:26328001

  5. Bilateral intraorbital abscesses with intracranial complications in a young Cameroonian girl: a case report

    PubMed Central

    Abdouramani, Oumarou; Nguefack, S; Dohvoma, VA; Moifo, B; Eball, Andr Omgbwa; Moho, A; Epee, E; Mbonda, E; Bella, AL

    2012-01-01

    Background: Intraorbital abscess is a very severe infection with ophthalmologic and neurologic complications that are sometimes life-threatening. Objective: To report the etiologic, clinical, radiologic, and prognostic features of one case of bilateral intraorbital abscesses with intracranial complications. Case report: A 15-year-old Cameroonian girl in a comatose state (11/15 on the Glasgow Coma Scale) with meningeal signs, right hemiplegia, right facial palsy, and bilateral exophthalmia was admitted for meningitis and cerebral abscess secondary to orbital cellulitis. A lumbar tap was carried out, no organisms were seen by Gram stain, and culture was negative due to previous antibiotic therapy. A computed tomography scan showed a left internal capsule infarct and a pansinus opacification. Bilateral superior orbitotomies were performed and the abscess evacuated. Microscopy and culture of surgical material were negative. The patient was discharged 4 weeks after hospital admission with a visual acuity of 0.1 in both eyes, aphasia, and right hemiplegia. Nine months later, there was complete visual recovery (visual acuity 1.0 in both eyes). Anterior and posterior segments were normal on slit-lamp examination. There was no aphasia, but right-sided hemiparesis persisted. Conclusion: The authors emphasize the need for prevention, early diagnosis, and adequate treatment of orbital cellulitis in order to avoid complications. PMID:22969290

  6. [Community associated-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (SAMR-AC): comunication of the first four pediatric cases in the Roberto del Rio Children's Hospital].

    PubMed

    Acua, Mirta; Benadof, Dona; Jadue, Carla; Hormazbal, Juan C; Alarcn, Pedro; Contreras, Julio; Torres, Ramn; Mlchi, Cristbal; Aguayo, Carolina; Fernndez, Jorge; Araya, Pamela

    2015-06-01

    Staphylococcus aureus is a known pathogen in pediatric patients that produces skin infections, cutaneous abscess, cellulitis and osteoarticular infections. Most of these infections are produced by a meticilin susceptible strain. The community associated methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus was published for the first time in 1993, ever since then is has been recognized as a cosmopolite pathogen. The first report in Latin America was published in 2003, and in Chile in 2008 from adult patients that have reported traveling to other countries. The following series describes four pediatric cases, all school-aged children, diagnosed since 2012 with clinical followups and molecular studies. Two cases presented as osteomyelitis of the lower extremity; and one presented as arm cellulitis. These three cases had Panton Valentine leukocidine (PV-L) negative strains from the clone complex 8. The last case presented a renal abscess, the strain was PV-L positive from the clone complex 30. This case series constitutes the first pediatric case report in Chile. PMID:26230445

  7. Croissance epitaxiale de GaAs sur substrats de Ge par epitaxie par faisceaux chimiques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Belanger, Simon

    La situation energetique et les enjeux environnementaux auxquels la societe est confrontee entrainent un interet grandissant pour la production d'electricite a partir de l'energie solaire. Parmi les technologies actuellement disponibles, la filiere du photovoltaique a concentrateur solaire (CPV pour concentrator photovoltaics) possede un rendement superieur et mi potentiel interessant a condition que ses couts de production soient competitifs. La methode d'epitaxie par faisceaux chimiques (CBE pour chemical beam epitaxy) possede plusieurs caracteristiques qui la rendent interessante pour la production a grande echelle de cellules photovoltaiques a jonctions multiples a base de semi-conducteurs III-V. Ce type de cellule possede la meilleure efficacite atteinte a ce jour et est utilise sur les satellites et les systemes photovoltaiques a concentrateur solaire (CPV) les plus efficaces. Une des principales forces de la technique CBE se trouve dans son potentiel d'efficacite d'utilisation des materiaux source qui est superieur a celui de la technique d'epitaxie qui est couramment utilisee pour la production a grande echelle de ces cellules. Ce memoire de maitrise presente les travaux effectues dans le but d'evaluer le potentiel de la technique CBE pour realiser la croissance de couches de GaAs sur des substrats de Ge. Cette croissance constitue la premiere etape de fabrication de nombreux modeles de cellules solaires a haute performance decrites plus haut. La realisation de ce projet a necessite le developpement d'un procede de preparation de surface pour les substrats de germanium, la realisation de nombreuses sceances de croissance epitaxiale et la caracterisation des materiaux obtenus par microscopie optique, microscopie a force atomique (AFM), diffraction des rayons-X a haute resolution (HRXRD), microscopie electronique a transmission (TEM), photoluminescence a basse temperature (LTPL) et spectrometrie de masse des ions secondaires (SIMS). Les experiences ont permis de confirmer l'efficacite du procede de preparation de surface et d'identifier les conditions de croissance optimales. Les resultats de caracterisation indiquent que les materiaux obtenus presentent une tres faible rugosite de surface, une bonne qualite cristalline et un dopage residuel relativement important. De plus, l'interface GaAs/Ge possede une faible densite de defauts. Finalement, la diffusion d'arsenic dans le substrat de germanium est comparable aux valeurs trouvees dans la litterature pour la croissance a basse temperature avec les autres procedes d'epitaxie courants. Ces resultats confirment que la technique d'epitaxie par faisceaux chimiques (CBE) permet de produire des couches de GaAs sur Ge de qualite adequate pour la fabrication de cellules solaires a haute performance. L'apport a la communaute scientifique a ete maximise par le biais de la redaction d'un article soumis a la revue Journal of Crystal Growth et la presentation des travaux a la conference Photovoltaics Canada 2010 . Mots-cles : Epitaxie par jets chimiques, Chemical beam epitaxy, CBE, MOMBE, Germanium, GaAs, Ge

  8. A cell suspension agar diffusion test using Neutral Red release to assess the relative irritancy potential of cosmetic ingredients and formulations.

    PubMed

    Butler, N J; Langley, G R; Winwood, J

    1993-02-01

    Synopsis An established cytotoxicity test for plastic materials in medical devices has been adapted and used to assess the relative potential irritancy of cosmetic ingredients and formulations during product development. Serum-free medium containing a novel protein supplement supported growth in suspension of LS mouse fibroblast cells. Release of the vital dye Neutral Red from pre-loaded cells suspended in agar was the endpoint. Test substances and reference standards were applied to a central well cut into the agar, a sensitive method which allowed accurate dose application and yielded consistent results. Relative irritancy potential was measured quantitatively by comparing the diameters of the clear zones of damaged cells which surround the central well. The test has been used with raw materials such as surfactants, preservatives and herbal extracts, as well as finished products ranging from shampoos and conditioners to creams, lotions and coloured cosmetics. The method is practical, versatile, reproducible and economic to use. Rsum Un test de cytotoxicit utilis pour la dtection de toxines dans les plastiques des appareils mdicaux a t adapt pour prvenir le potentiel d'irritation relative. Le point mesur est la libration de la teinture vitale rouge neutre des cellules charges au pralable, rsultant de l'incubation avec des substances tests. La mesure des diamtres de la zone claire de dilutions sequentielles de substances tests permet de calculer l'irritation potentielle d'un produit test par rapport un standard. Parmi les modifications, on a pu constater l'aide d'une ligne de cellules en suspension drives de fibroblastes de souris L-929, la pousse en milieu sans srum pour viter les produits d'abattoir. A la place du srum de veau, on a ajout au milieu une nouvelle protine innovatrice supportant la pousse normale en suspension. Durant la procdure de test les cellules se trouvaient en suspension dans une solution agar et les substances tests ont t appliques sur une cellule centrale bien dlimitc sur la glose plutt qu' l'aide d'un disque de papier filtre. L'application par une cellule centrale tait plus sensible qu'avec un disque, permettant l'application d'une dose prcise et fournissant des rsultats plus fiables. Le test modifi a t utilis sur une priode de 4 ans pour des matires premires telles que tensioactifs, conservateurs et extraits de plantes, ainsi que des formules de shampooings, savons, lotions hydratantes et cosmtiques colors. Ces produits ont tvalus sur des panels de volontaires, et les produits tests sont commercialiss depuis 2 ans au moins. Le test est un moyen pratique, versatile, reproductible et conomique de calculer le potentiel d'irritation relative d'une gamme de produits et ingrdients cosmktiques. PMID:19272118

  9. An improved directional growth apparatus for liquid crystals: applications to thermotropic and lyotropic systems

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oswald, P.; Moulin, M.; Metz, P.; Géminard, J. C.; Sotta, P.; Sallen, L.

    1993-09-01

    We have built a directional growth apparatus adapted for the study of thermotropic or lyotropic liquid crystals. This cell allows us to work under inert gas, to orient the sample from outside with respect to the temperature gradient, and to measure the front temperature within 0.1°C. Three applications are described. The first deals with the growth of a monocrystal of pivalic acid when the easy growth axis makes an angle with the heat flow direction. The second experiment is concerned with the fast growth of a discotic liquid crystal and the measurement of the molecular attachment kinetic coefficient at the interface between the columnar hexagonal mesophase and the isotropic liquid. A dynamical anchoring transition between domains of planar and homeotropic orientation will be also described. The last example focuses on the growth of a hexagonal phase of a water-surfactant binary mixture and the first observation of the Mullins-Sekerka instability in a lyotropic system. Nous avons construit une cellule de croissance directionnelle adaptée à l'étude des cristaux liquides thermotropes ou lyotropes. Cette cellule permet de travailler en atmosphère inerte, d'orienter l'échantillon de l'extérieur par rapport au gradient de température, et de mesurer la température du front à 0.1°C près. Trois exemples d'application sont décrits. Le premier porte sur la croissance d'un monocristal d'acide pivalique quand l'axe de croissance facile des cellules fait un angle avec la direction du flux de chaleur. La seconde expérience porte sur la croissance rapide d'un cristal liquide discotique et la mesure du coefficient cinétique d'attachement moléculaire à l'interface entre la mésophase colonnaire hexagonale et le liquide isotrope. Une transition d'ancrage dynamique entre des domaines d'orientations planaire et homéotrope sera également décrite. Le dernier exemple porte sur la croissance d'une phase hexagonale d'un mélange binaire eau-surfactant et la première observation de l'instabilité de Mullins-Sekerka dans un système lyotrope.

  10. [Recent advances in laser therapy and other technologies].

    PubMed

    Boixeda, P; Calvo, M; Bagazgoitia, L

    2008-05-01

    Laser technology and other energy sources are rapidly finding a place in dermatology clinics. In the field of skin rejuvenation by fractional photothermolysis, although few controlled studies have been undertaken, several devices have emerged in recent years that appear less effective than laser ablation techniques but that are safer. The aim of this short article is to provide an introduction, though not treat in depth, the different emerging technologies in dermatology. We will focus particularly on lasers and light sources in improving applications such as the treatment of vascular lesions, acne, and encapsulated ink tattoos; light-emitting diodes; developments in the treatment of cellulitis; photodynamic therapy; suction methods; scarring; and finally the recent and doubtlessly future introduction of home devices for use in a range of dermatologic applications (depilation, rejuvenation, treatment of acne, etc). PMID:18394401

  11. Possible disease transmission by contaminated mouthguards in two young football players.

    PubMed

    Glass, R Thomas; Wood, C Rieger; Bullard, James W; Conrad, Robert S

    2007-01-01

    Previous studies have demonstrated that athletic mouthguards worn by ice hockey and football players harbor large numbers of bacteria, yeasts, and molds, some of which are either opportunistic or frank pathogens. This article details the clinical history of two junior high school football players. The first player had cellulitis of the leg after a non-break injury. The same unusual bacterium was isolated from both the athletic mouthguard and abscess cultures from the wound. The second patient suffered an attack of exercise-induced asthma so severe that his inhaler could not control the symptoms enough for him to resume play. This child's mouthguard was contaminated with five different species of mold. The clinical implications of mouthguard contamination, possible avenues of disease transmission, and recommendations for mouthguard care are discussed. PMID:17899722

  12. Clostridium septicum myositis in a western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla).

    PubMed

    Fontenot, Deidre K; Terrell, Scott P; Miller, Michele; Robbins, Patricia K; Stetter, Mark; Weber, Martha

    2005-09-01

    A 10-yr-old male gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) with a history of conspecific bite wounds was evaluated for acute onset of depression, anorexia, and right hemiparesis. The animal was immobilized for diagnostic examination and treatment for suspected toxic shock from a necrotizing, emphysematous wound infection, but was euthanized due to complications during recovery. Gross and histopathologic examination revealed acute necrotizing myositis, fasciitis, cellulitis, and emphysema in the affected wound area, with large numbers of large Gram-positive rods among necrotic muscle fibers. Severe pulmonary edema with airways containing fibrin, acute hemorrhage in multiple body sites, thrombosis in blood vessels in the skeletal muscle, liver, and lung, and lymph node hyperplasia with lymphoid necrosis and hemorrhage. Immunohistochemical fluorescent antibody staining of muscle from the wound site was positive for PMID:17312773

  13. Disseminated Mycobacterium chelonae infection: Complicating a case of hidradenitis suppurativa

    PubMed Central

    Patnaik, Satyadarshi; Mohanty, Indrani; Panda, Pritilata; Sahu, Susmita; Dash, Muktikesh

    2013-01-01

    Mycobacteium chelonae is a rapidly growing atypical mycobacteria known to be pathogenic in humans. We report a case of Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) with diabetes complicated by infection of the lesions with Staphylococcus aureus and M. chelonae leading to non-healing and discharging lesions. HS is a rare, insidious and debilitating disease characterized by swollen, painful, inflamed lesions in the axillae, groin, and other parts of the body that contain apocrine glands. Discharge from HS lesions are often found to be sterile, however, polymicrobial bacterial colonization commonly occurs within sinus tracts which can lead to offensive smelling discharge, infection, cellulitis, and superinfection. The incidence of HS is very low and the association with M. chelonae makes it a rare and interesting case. PMID:24350020

  14. Plants used to treat skin diseases

    PubMed Central

    Tabassum, Nahida; Hamdani, Mariya

    2014-01-01

    Skin diseases are numerous and a frequently occurring health problem affecting all ages from the neonates to the elderly and cause harm in number of ways. Maintaining healthy skin is important for a healthy body. Many people may develop skin diseases that affect the skin, including cancer, herpes and cellulitis. Some wild plants and their parts are frequently used to treat these diseases. The use of plants is as old as the mankind. Natural treatment is cheap and claimed to be safe. It is also suitable raw material for production of new synthetic agents. A review of some plants for the treatment of skin diseases is provided that summarizes the recent technical advancements that have taken place in this area during the past 17 years. PMID:24600196

  15. Argon laser treatment for trichiasis.

    PubMed

    Huneke, J W

    1992-01-01

    The goal of trichiasis treatment is to eliminate misdirected cilia that irritate the eyeball. Established methods for removal of the eyelashes include epilation, electrolysis, and cryotherapy. Cryotherapy is currently the most effective method in widespread use, but has as potential posttreatment complications "visual loss, lid notching, corneal ulcer, acceleration of symblepharon formation, xerosis, cellulitis, activation of herpes zoster, skin depigmentation, and severe soft tissue reaction." (Wood JR, Anderson RL. Complications of cryosurgery. Arch Ophthalmol 1981;99:460-3.) The use of an argon laser allows more precise placement and control of the treatment, with better overall results. We reviewed the clinical course of 77 patients with a diagnosis of trichiasis, and 1 with distichiasis. We have found treatment of trichiasis with an argon laser with the patient under local anesthesia to be an effective office procedure. PMID:1554654

  16. Opana ER abuse and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)-like illness: a rising risk factor in illicit drug users

    PubMed Central

    Kapila, Aaysha; Chhabra, Lovely; Chaubey, Vinod K; Summers, Jeffery

    2014-01-01

    We report the case of a 22 year-old-woman who presented with upper extremity cellulitis secondary to an infiltration of illicit intravenous drug use. She confessed to the intravenous use of Opana ER (an extended release oral formulation of oxymorphone) which is an opioid drug approved only for oral use. She was found to have clinical evidence of profound thrombotic microangiopathy which resulted due to the intravenous use of Opana ER. She showed full clinical improvement after withholding drug and supportive clinical care. Recent report of Opana ER intravenous abuse was published from Tennessee county and has now been increasingly recognised as one of the causes of thrombocytopenia which mimicks clinically as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Physicians should be aware of this association as the lack of familiarity to this can pose serious management dilemmas for our patients (especially the polysubstance abusers). PMID:24591390

  17. Antimicrobial Prophylaxis in Adults

    PubMed Central

    Enzler, Mark J.; Berbari, Elie; Osmon, Douglas R.

    2011-01-01

    Antimicrobial prophylaxis is commonly used by clinicians for the prevention of numerous infectious diseases, including herpes simplex infection, rheumatic fever, recurrent cellulitis, meningococcal disease, recurrent uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with cirrhosis, influenza, infective endocarditis, pertussis, and acute necrotizing pancreatitis, as well as infections associated with open fractures, recent prosthetic joint placement, and bite wounds. Perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis is recommended for various surgical procedures to prevent surgical site infections. Optimal antimicrobial agents for prophylaxis should be bactericidal, nontoxic, inexpensive, and active against the typical pathogens that can cause surgical site infection postoperatively. To maximize its effectiveness, intravenous perioperative prophylaxis should be administered within 30 to 60 minutes before the surgical incision. Antimicrobial prophylaxis should be of short duration to decrease toxicity and antimicrobial resistance and to reduce cost. PMID:21719623

  18. Severe penile erosion after use of a vacuum suction device for management of erectile dysfunction in a spinal cord injured patient. Case report.

    PubMed

    LeRoy, S C; Pryor, J L

    1994-02-01

    We report a case of severe erosion and cellulitis at the base of the penis as a result of vacuum suction device constriction bands left on for 4 hours in a spinal cord injured patient with paraplegia and hypesthesia of the genital area. All patients using vacuum suction devices need to be properly educated regarding usage and risks with adequate follow up; patients with hypesthesias and spinal cord injuries need information specifically related to their decreased or absent level of sensation. Only two out of seven vacuum suction device brochures reviewed warn of the risk to patients with decreased sensation in the penis, but none specifically address usage or risks to men with spinal cord injuries. PMID:8015845

  19. Australian Diabetes Foot Network: management of diabetes-related foot ulceration - a clinical update.

    PubMed

    Bergin, Shan M; Gurr, Joel M; Allard, Bernard P; Holland, Emma L; Horsley, Mark W; Kamp, Maarten C; Lazzarini, Peter A; Nube, Vanessa L; Sinha, Ashim K; Warnock, Jason T; Alford, Jan B; Wraight, Paul R

    2012-08-20

    Appropriate assessment and management of diabetes-related foot ulcers (DRFUs) is essential to reduce amputation risk. Management requires debridement, wound dressing, pressure off-loading, good glycaemic control and potentially antibiotic therapy and vascular intervention. As a minimum, all DRFUs should be managed by a doctor and a podiatrist and/or wound care nurse. Health professionals unable to provide appropriate care for people with DRFUs should promptly refer individuals to professionals with the requisite knowledge and skills. Indicators for immediate referral to an emergency department or multidisciplinary foot care team (MFCT) include gangrene, limb-threatening ischaemia, deep ulcers (bone, joint or tendon in the wound base), ascending cellulitis, systemic symptoms of infection and abscesses. Referral to an MFCT should occur if there is lack of wound progress after 4 weeks of appropriate treatment. PMID:22900873

  20. Melioidosis of the head and neck.

    PubMed

    Lim, W K; Gurdeep, G S; Norain, K

    2001-12-01

    Melioidosis is a potentially deadly infection that can affect any organ system. Reports of melioidosis of the ENT/head and neck region are relatively uncommon. Four cases are presented: (i) parotid abscess evolving into necrotising fasciitis, (ii) acute sinusitis and parapharyngeal cellulitis resulting in upper airway obstruction, (iii) acute suppurative lymphadenitis (iv) and chronic suppurative otitis media causing meningoencephalitis. Three of the four cases are believed to be unique, as a literature review of melioidosis in ENT/head and neck is also presented. Some practical issues of management are also discussed. Not suspecting melioidosis does not change contemporary empirical broadspectrum antibiotic therapy. The value of suspicion or on confirmation of diagnosis lies in anticipating and planning for rapid change. PMID:12014768

  1. An Illustrative Case of Subcutaneous Panniculitis-Like T-Cell Lymphoma

    PubMed Central

    Bagheri, Farshad; Cervellione, Kelly L.; Delgado, Belkis; Abrante, Luis; Cervantes, Jose; Patel, Jitendra; Roth, Alan

    2011-01-01

    Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (SPTCL) is a very rare form of skin lymphoma that is localized primarily to the subcutaneous adipose tissue without palpable involvement of the lymph nodes. Diagnosis of SPTCL is a challenge, especially during its early phases when symptoms mimic other, more common conditions, such as benign panniculitis, eczema, dermatitis, psoriasis and cellulitis. Clinical and systemic features are nonspecific and can include fever, chills, and weight loss. Further complicating diagnosis is the high number of false negatives provided by biopsy. Here we present a case of SPTCL that illustrates the full course of the disease, from presentation and multiple misdiagnoses to correct disease recognition and successful treatment. A review of the challenges of diagnosis is provided with recommendations for more accurate and timely recognition of SPTCL. PMID:21461360

  2. Cutaneous Cryptococcus: marker for disseminated infection.

    PubMed

    Srivastava, G N; Tilak, Ragini; Yadav, Jyoti; Bansal, Manish

    2015-01-01

    Cryptococcosis is an infection caused by the encapsulated yeast, Cryptococcus neoformans, a dimorphic fungus recovered from pigeon excreta, soil, dust and human skin. After a primary infection in the lungs, the disease can disseminate via a haematogenous route to various organs, including the central nervous system and skin, in susceptible individuals. Cryptococcosis can present with a variety of skin and soft tissue manifestations including acneiform lesions, purpura, vesicles, nodules, abscesses, ulcers, granulomas, pustules, draining sinuses and cellulitis. We present a case of a young man with HIV infection who developed molluscum-like cutaneous lesions secondary to pulmonary cryptococcosis. The diagnosis was confirmed by Indian ink preparation of the cutaneous lesions. Primary cutaneous infection occurs rarely due to direct inoculation. Cutaneous lesions are usually secondary and act as a key marker of disseminated infection, especially in patients with impaired cell-mediated immunity, such as those infected with HIV, solid-organ transplant recipients, and those on chronic corticosteroid therapy. PMID:26199299

  3. Disseminated infection due to Cylindrocarpon (Fusarium) lichenicola in a neutropenic patient with acute leukaemia: report of a case and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Rodrguez-Villalobos, H; Georgala, A; Beguin, H; Heymans, C; Pye, G; Crokaert, F; Aoun, M

    2003-01-01

    Described here is an unusual case of disseminated Cylindrocarpon lichenicola (Fusarium lichenicola) infection originating from a toenail lesion of a neutropenic woman with cellulitis of the foot and underlying acute leukaemia. A computed tomography scan of the chest showed multiple, ill-defined, nodular infiltrates with alveolar consolidation. The fungus was isolated from both the nail and the skin of the infected toe. Susceptibility testing revealed low minimum inhibitory concentrations for amphotericin B (0.78 micro g/ml) and voriconazole (1.56 micro g/ml) and high minimum inhibitory concentrations (>100 micro g/ml) for fluconazole, ketoconazole and itraconazole. The infection resolved after treatment with a total dose of 1 g of amphotericin B followed by oral itraconazole and bone marrow regeneration. PMID:12582748

  4. Carcinoma erysipeloides as a presenting feature of breast carcinoma: A case report and brief review of literature

    PubMed Central

    Al Ameer, Ali; Imran, Maryam; Kaliyadan, Feroze; Chopra, Rajan

    2015-01-01

    Carcinoma erysipeloides (CE) is an uncommon but distinctive form of cutaneous metastasis that usually manifests clinically as a fixed erythematous patch or plaque resembling cellulitis or erysipelas. The inflamed area may show a distinct raised edge at the periphery and also edema secondary to lymphatic obstruction. Histologically, dense carcinoma cells in the dermal vascular channels and dense perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate may be seen. CE may rarely be the first sign of silent tumor of breast. We report a case of a 52-year-old married lady who presented with a three months history of pruritic erythematous patches over the left side of the breast that was resistant to all topical treatments and was diagnosed as erysipeloid breast carcinoma. PMID:26753138

  5. Case of cryptic malaria.

    PubMed

    Moran, E; Collins, L; Clayton, S; Peto, T; Bowler, I C J W

    2004-06-01

    We report a case of falciparum malaria in a renal transplant patient with no history of foreign travel. Three weeks previously she had been a hospital inpatient with cellulitis and had stayed on the same ward as a man with falciparum malaria acquired in Nigeria. There were no cases of malaria in other patients on the ward at the same time. The parasites from the two cases were genotypically indistinguishable. Despite a thorough investigation, reviewed by an expert external panel, no clear route of infection between the cases was identified. Patients with malaria should be considered highly infectious by the parenteral route. They should be managed with the infection control precautions used for patients with bloodborne virus infections. Our case reinforces the need for high levels of compliance with universal infection control procedures. PMID:15259418

  6. Ethmoid Osteoma as a Culprit of Orbital Emphysema

    PubMed Central

    Zhuang, Ai; Li, Yinwei; Lin, Ming; Shi, Wodong; Fan, Xianqun

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Orbital emphysema is generally recognized as a complication of orbital fractures involving any paranasal sinuses. The recognition about its etiology has extended beyond sole trauma, but few articles mentioned tumors to be a possible cause. In this case report, we present a patient with orbital emphysema associated with ethmoid osteoma without orbital cellulitis or trauma history. The patient developed sudden proptosis, eyelid swelling, and movement limitation of the left eye, peripheral diplopia, and left periorbital crepitus after a vigorous nose blowing. Complete surgical resection of ethmoid osteoma followed by repair of the orbital medial wall was performed with assistance of combined endoscopy and navigational techniques. Twelve-month follow-up showed no residual lesion or recurrence; the orbital medial wall was accurately repaired with good visual function and facial symmetry. Tumors should be considered for differential diagnosis of orbital emphysema, and combined endoscopy and navigational techniques may improve safety, accuracy, and effectiveness of orbital surgeries. PMID:25950683

  7. Pedal Gangrenous Changes in the Digits of an Adolescent With Ulcerative Colitis: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Bhoola, Prashant H; Shtofmakher, Garry; Bahri, Ankur; Patel, Ankur A; Barlizo, Sharon R; Trepal, Michael

    2016-01-01

    Ulcerative colitis is an autoimmune inflammatory disease of the colon and is occasionally associated with thrombosis. We report the case of an adolescent with ulcerative colitis who presented with bilateral gangrenous toes without signs of ascending cellulitis. Radiographs indicated the presence of bilateral and erosive changes in the distal phalanges. The vascular team referred the patient for podiatric intervention for distal vasculitis and thrombosis of the digital vessels. Transphalangeal amputations were performed, and postoperative antibiotics were initiated. The surgical sites healed uneventfully, and the patient was able to resume daily activities. Thrombosis of the foot in the context of ulcerative colitis is a rare, but serious, complication that can lead to serious comorbidities, including amputation. PMID:25135104

  8. Plates-formes de microscopie et fluorescence par resonance de plasmons de surface appliquees a l'imagerie cellulaire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chabot, Vincent

    L'elaboration de nouveaux medicaments repose sur les etudes pharmacologiques, dont le role est d'identifier de nouveaux composes actifs ou de nouvelles cibles pharmacologiques agissant entre autres au niveau cellulaire. Recemment, la detection basee sur la resonance des plasmons de surface (SPR) a ete appliquee a l'etude de reponses cellulaires. Cette methode de detection, permettant d'observer des variations d'indice de refraction associes a de faibles changements de masse a la surface d'un metal, a l'avantage de permettre l'etude d'une population de cellules vivantes en temps reel, sans necessiter l'introduction d'agents de marquage. Pour effectuer la detection au niveau de cellules individuelles, on peut employer la microscopie SPR, qui consiste a localiser spatialement la detection par un systeme d'imagerie. Cependant, la detection basee sur la SPR est une mesure sans marquage et les signaux mesures sont attribues a une reponse moyennee des differentes sources cellulaires. Afin de mieux comprendre et identifier les composantes cellulaires generant le signal mesure en SPR, il est pertinent de combiner la microscopie SPR avec une modalite complementaire, soit l'imagerie de fluorescence. C'est dans cette problematique que s'insere ce projet de these, consistant a concevoir deux plates-formes distinctes de microscopie SPR et de fluorescence optimisees pour l'etude cellulaire, de sorte a evaluer les possibilites d'integration de ces deux modalites en un seul systeme. Des substrats adaptes pour chaque plate-forme ont ete concus et realises. Ces substrats employaient une couche d'argent passivee par l'ajout d'une mince couche d'or. La stabilite et la biocompatibilite des substrats ont ete validees pour l'etude cellulaire. Deux configurations permettant d'ameliorer la sensibilite en sondant les cellules plus profondement ont ete evaluees, soit l'emploi de plasmons de surface a longue portee et de guides d'onde a gaine metallique. La sensibilite accrue de ces configurations a aussi ete demontree pour un usage en biodetection cellulaire. Une plate-forme permettant de mesurer la spectroscopie SPR simultanement avec l'acquisition d'images de fluorescence a ete realisee. Cette plate-forme a ensuite ete validee par l'etude de reponses cellulaires suite a une stimulation pharmacologique. Puis, un systeme base sur la microscopie SPR a ete concu et caracterise. Son emploi pour l'etude de reponses au niveau de cellules individuelles a ete demontre. Finalement, les forces et faiblesses des substrats et des plates-formes realisees au cours de la these ont ete evaluees. Des possibilites d'amelioration sont mises de l'avant et l'integration des modalites de microscopie SPR et de fluorescence suite aux travaux de la these est discutee. Les realisations au cours de cette etude ont donc permis d'identifier les composantes cellulaires impliquees dans la generation du signal mesure en biodetection SPR. Mots-cles : Resonance des plasmons de surface, microscopie SPR, plasmons de surface a longue portee LRSPR, guide d'onde a gaine metallique MCWG, fluorescence exaltee par plasmons de surface SPEF, biodetection cellulaire, imagerie SPR.

  9. tudes des proprits lectro-optiques d'une srie de diphtalocyanines de terres rares

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Videlot, C.; Fichou, D.; Garnier, F.

    1998-06-01

    In this work, we describe the study of photovoltaic cells for a series of rare earth diphthalocyanines. This p type organic compounds have been used in Schottky and pn configurations. Current-voltage curves and action spectra show different replies in energy's conversion according to the rare earth of the diphthalocyanine. Dans ce travail, nous dcrivons l'tude de cellules photovoltaques pour une srie de diphtalocyanines de terres rares. Ces composs organiques de type p ont t tudis dans des configurations Schottky et htrojonction pn. Les courbes de courant-tension et les spectres d'action montrent des rponses diffrentes dans la conversion de l'nergie suivant la terre rare de la diphtalocyanine.

  10. nergie photovoltaque : matriaux utiliss et perspectives

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marfaing, Y.

    2002-04-01

    Les matriaux pour la conversion photovoltaque sont des semi-conducteurs dont la largeur de bande interdite peut se situer dans l'intervalle 1 - 1,8 eV. Les principes physiques de l'effet photovoltaque sont d'abord rappels afin de mettre en vidence les relations ncessaires entre les caractristiques optiques et lectroniques du semi-conducteur et l'paisseur de la structure de conversion ou cellule. Les matriaux actuellement utiliss ou tudis sont ensuite passs en revue en commenant par le silicium cristallin massif puis en dcrivant le vaste secteur des couches minces : silicium amorphe, composs polycristallins, silicium cristallis en film mince. Les dveloppements attendus dans chacune de ces filires sont prsents ainsi que les recherches en cours sur d'autres types de matriaux et de structures.

  11. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis in a patient with type 1 diabetes presenting as toothache: a case report from Himalayan region of India.

    PubMed

    Singh, Vikram; Singh, Mridu; Joshi, Chitra; Sangwan, Jyoti

    2013-01-01

    Mucormycosis is an angioinvasive infection caused by ubiquitous filamentous fungi of the order Mucorales. It is a rapidly progressive fatal infection mostly reported in susceptible individuals, such as those with poorly controlled diabetes or those with defects in phagocytic function. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is the most common type of mucormycosis in diabetic patients. This case report describes a 17-year-old girl with type 1 diabetes mellitus presenting with rhinocerebral mucormycosis. The patient presented with a history of toothache and facial pain with oedema of left half of face, periorbital oedema and depressed conciousness. She had hyperglycaemia with diabetic ketoacidosis and rapidly developed hemiparesis progressing to quadriparesis and died within 3 days of admission. The current report emphasises the importance of having a high index of suspicion when dealing with patients with diabetes presenting with facial pain or cellulitis and prompt initiation of medical therapy along with surgical debridement for control of rhinocerebral mucormycosis. PMID:24172773

  12. [Management of lymphedema of the upper extremity after treatment of breast cancer].

    PubMed

    Arrault, Maria; Vignes, Stphane

    2007-07-01

    Management of breast cancer-related lymphedema is based on complex decongestive physiotherapy including two phases. The first intensive phase reduces lymphedema volume with daily low stretch bandages associated with manual lymph drainage. Treatment includes exercises and skin care. The second phase of treatment consists of stabilization of lymphedema volume with regular overnight self-bandaging, daily elastic compression garment and manual lymph drainage if needed. Lymphedema volume may be stabilized after the intensive phase if the patient is compliant to long term treatment. Practical advices such as weight control and skin care to avoid cellulitis should be given. Regular and prolonged medical follow-up is required for this chronic disease to maintain motivation of the patient. PMID:17723948

  13. [Hyper-immunoglobulin E syndrome: report of one case].

    PubMed

    Aguilera, Guillermo; Crcamo, Guillermo; Seplveda, Juan; Vinet, Ana Mara; Martnez, Carlos

    2015-06-01

    The Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome (HIES) is a rare sporadic or autosomal dominant immune and connective tissue disorder characterized by chronic eczema, cutaneous abscesses, pneumonias, invasive infections, high levels of Immunoglobulin E, primary teeth retention and bone abnormalities. We report a 24-year-old male with a history of cutaneous abscesses and esophageal candidiasis. He was admitted due to a left gluteal cellulitis. During the fifth day of hospitalization he presented a distal necrosis of the fourth finger of the right hand. Laboratory results showed high levels of IgE and positive cryoglobulins. The patient was discharged and was admitted again five days later with a new gluteal abscess. IgE levels were even higher. Applying Grimbacher scale, the diagnosis of Hyperimmunoglobulin E syndrome was reached. PMID:26230564

  14. Fatal clostridium septicum myonecrosis in a captive canada lynx (Lynx canadensis).

    PubMed

    Izer, Jenelle M; Wilson, Ronald P; Cooper, Timothy K

    2014-09-01

    A 1-yr-old female Canada lynx (Lynx canadensis) presented for sudden onset of rapidly progressive bilateral pelvic limb paralysis. The lynx was chemically immobilized to perform a physical examination but expired shortly thereafter. On postmortem radiographs, there were myriad small irregular, round-to-spherical gas densities within the skeletal muscle of the right thigh and epaxial musculature. At gross necropsy, the muscles of the right thigh, right lateral abdominal wall, and epaxial region were emphysematous and necrohemorrhagic, with subcutaneous and muscular crepitant swelling. Multiple skin puncture wounds, consistent with bites, were present over the affected tissues. Clostridium septicum was isolated in pure anaerobic culture from the musculature of the right hind limb. Histopathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of acute, severe necrohemorrhagic and gangrenous myositis and cellulitis. Gram stains demonstrated large gram-positive bacilli with subterminal spores. This is the first known documented case of C. septicum myonecrosis in a nondomestic felid. PMID:25314833

  15. Le syndrome de Vogt-Koyanagi Harada dans sa forme purement oculaire: propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Louaya, Shamil; Bennouk, Youssef; Kriet, Mohamed; Oubaaz, Abdelbarre

    2014-01-01

    Le syndrome de Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) est une affection systmique rare, svre mettant en jeu le pronostic visuel malgr les traitements agressifs, caractrise par l'association de plusieurs symptmes: oculaires, mnings, auditifs et cutans secondaire une auto-immunisation o le mlanocyte serait la cellule cible. Nous rapportons un nouveau cas rare o l'atteinte oculaire est isole. La svrit de l'uvite rside dans la frquence des rcidives, dans la cortico-rsistance et dans la forte incidence des complications qui conditionnent le pronostic et expliquent les acuits visuelles finales mdiocres. La prise en charge doit tre prcoce afin d'essayer d'amliorer le pronostic visuel. PMID:25667692

  16. [Infectious diseases].

    PubMed

    Voide, Cathy; Asner, Sandra; Giulieri, Stefano; Cavassini, Matthias; Merz, Laurent; Tissot, Frdric; Orasch, Christina

    2014-01-15

    The recommendations for the treatment of gonorrhea have been changed: ceftriaxone 500 mg IM plus azithromycin 1 g PO is recommended. Prophylaxis of recurrent cellulitis with penicillin 250 mg 2 x/d PO may be considered. E. coli ESBL does not require contact isolation anymore. Fecal transplantation seems so far to be the most effective treatment of recurrent C. dificile. Two new respiratory viruses, Middle East Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and avian-origin Influenza A (H7N9) have been reported. Oral valganciclovir treatment reduces the risk of hearing loss in congenital CMV infection. An outbreak of mould infections of the central nervous system has been described in the United States following injection of contaminated steroids. PMID:24558901

  17. Bacterial skin infections: management of common streptococcal and stapylococcal lesions.

    PubMed

    Witkowski, J A; Parish, L C

    1982-10-01

    Skin infection occurs in any age-group, sex, and race but is particularly common in children. It is usually minor, but may indicate underlying systemic disease or may lead to systemic infection. Streptococci and staphylococci are common causes. Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci account for the majority of streptococcal infections in man. Infection most often involves the lower extremities and produces spreading erythema and necrosis but little purulence. Staphylococcal infections most commonly involve the face, the hair follicles and eccrine sweat ducts being the initial sites. Lesions appear as bullae and pustules with a narrow rim of erythema. Intense cellulitis surrounding the lesions usually points to a virulent, penicillin-resistant strain of Staphylococcus. Treatment of both types of infection consists of cleansing with antibacterial agents, removal of crusts, application of warm compresses, and use of topical or systemic antibiotics, depending on the severity of the infection and the type of pyoderma involved. PMID:7122351

  18. Novel ELANE Gene Mutation in a Korean Girl with Severe Congenital Neutropenia

    PubMed Central

    Shim, Ye Jee; Kim, Hee-Jin; Suh, Jang Soo

    2011-01-01

    Severe congenital neutropenia is a heterozygous group of bone marrow failure syndromes that cause lifelong infections. Mutation of the ELANE gene encoding human neutrophil elastase is the most common genetic alteration. A Korean female pediatric patient was admitted because of recurrent cervical lymphadenitis without abscess formation. She had a past history of omphalitis and isolated neutropenia at birth. The peripheral blood showed a markedly decreased absolute neutrophil count, and the bone marrow findings revealed maturation arrest of myeloid precursors at the promyelocyte to myelocyte stage. Her direct DNA sequencing analysis demonstrated an ELANE gene mutation (c.607G > C; p.Gly203Arg), but her parents were negative for it. She showed only transient response after subcutaneous 15 µg/kg/day of granulocyte colony stimulating factor administration for six consecutive days. During the follow-up observation period, she suffered from subsequent seven febrile illnesses including urinary tract infection, septicemia, and cellulitis. PMID:22148006

  19. [Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae endocarditis].

    PubMed

    Ambăruş, Aurora; Ambaruş, V; Moldovanu, Cătălina; Cosovanu, A

    2006-01-01

    Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is a thin, non-sporulating, gram-positive rod found worldwide and hosted by many domestic or savage animals, birds, fish, and shell/fish. It is extremely resistant in the external environment (soil, surface waters). Human infection is prevalently related to occupational exposure to sick or infected contaminated animals (anthropozoonosis). Frequently, the disease manifests itself as an acute cellulitis on the skin around the gate of entry. Systemic infection is uncommon, most commonly involving the endocardium or joints. We present a case of subacute E. rhusiopathiae endocarditis in a male patient at occupational hazard for this infection (animal genitor in a zoo). The patient was treated with cefoperazone, the course being favorable. Later on, he required mitral valvuloplasty. PMID:17571546

  20. TRACHEOSTOMAPLASTY: A SURGICAL METHOD FOR IMPROVING RETENTION OF AN INTRALUMINAL STOMA BUTTON FOR HANDS-FREE TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL SPEECH

    PubMed Central

    Moreno, Mauricio A.; Lewin, Jan S.; Hutcheson, Katherine A.; Bishop Leone, Julie K.; Barringer, Denise A.

    2014-01-01

    Background We describe a minimally invasive surgical technique, tracheostomaplasty, to overcome anatomical deformities of the stoma that preclude successful retention of a stoma button for hands free tracheoesophageal (TE) speech. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of 21 patients who underwent tracheostomaplasty after laryngectomy to accommodate an intraluminal valve attachment for hands-free TE speech. Results Sixteen men and 5 women (median age, 65 years; median follow-up, 27.7 months) underwent tracheostomaplasty; 6 patients developed a mild cellulitis that required therapy and 5 patients required a minor revision surgery. At last follow-up, 15 (71%) patients successfully achieved hands-free TE speech using an intraluminal stoma button. Three patients only retained the intraluminal device to facilitate digital occlusion. Tracheostomaplasty failed in 3 patients because of granulation tissue formation or stomal stenosis. Conclusions Tracheostomaplasty is a successful technique to improve intraluminal retention of a stoma button for hands-free TE speech in laryngectomy patients. PMID:20848405

  1. Primary scarring alopecias.

    PubMed

    Rigopoulos, Dimitrios; Stamatios, Gregoriou; Ioannides, Dimitrios

    2015-01-01

    Scarring alopecia or cicatricial alopecia results from follicular damage that is sufficient to cause the destruction and replacement of pilosebaceous structures by scar tissue. Primary scarring alopecias represent a group of disorders that primarily affect the hair follicles, as opposed to secondary scarring alopecias, which affect the dermis and secondarily cause follicular destruction. Inflammation may predominantly involve lymphocytes or neutrophils. Cicatricial alopecias that mainly involve lymphocytic inflammation include discoid lupus erythematosus, lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia, central centrifugal alopecia, and pseudopelade (Brocq). Cicatricial alopecias that are due to predominantly neutrophilic inflammation include folliculitis decalvans, tufted folliculitis, and dissecting cellulitis of the scalp. Folliculitis keloidalis is a cicatricial alopecia with a mixed inflammatory infiltrate. PMID:26370646

  2. Bacteriological characteristics of Arcanobacterium haemolyticum isolated from seven patients with skin and soft-tissue infections.

    PubMed

    Miyamoto, Hitoshi; Suzuki, Takashi; Murakami, Shinobu; Fukuoka, Mina; Tanaka, Yuri; Kondo, Takuya; Nishimiya, Tatsuya; Suemori, Koichiro; Tauchi, Hisamichi; Osawa, Haruhiko

    2015-04-01

    Bacteriological examinations were conducted for seven Arcanobacterium haemolyticum strains isolated from elderly patients with skin and soft-tissue infections, such as cellulitis and skin ulcers. Streptococcus dysgalactiae or Gram-positive cocci were isolated together with A. haemolyticum from all patients. The strains were identified as A. haemolyticum based on their being catalase negative, reverse Christie, Atkins and Munch-Petersen (CAMP) positive and phospholipase D gene positive in respective tests. Moreover, API Coryne and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry confirmed the identification of A. haemolyticum. All strains showed good susceptibility to minocycline, vancomycin and β-lactam antibiotics, but several strains were resistant to gentamicin and levofloxacin. PMID:25666838

  3. Soft tissue infections with Arcanobacterium haemolyticum: report of three cases.

    PubMed

    Malini, A; Deepa, E K; Manohar, P V; Borappa, K; Prasad, S R

    2008-01-01

    We report here three polymicrobial wound infections associated with Arcanobacterium haemolyticum in rural patients aged between 60-65 years. In two patients, one with cellulitis and the other with postoperative wound infection following amputation of the limb, Arcanobacterium haemolyticum was isolated repeatedly along with beta haemolytic streptococci (BHS). The BHS belonged to Lancefield's group G and group C respectively. In another patient, who was a diabetic with chronic osteomyelitis, Arcanobacterium haemolyticum was isolated along with Proteus vulgaris . All the three isolates of Arcanobacterium haemolyticum isolated by us were uniformly resistant to cotrimoxazole and sensitive to penicillin, erythromycin, clindamycin, ciprofloxacin and gentamicin. Erythromycin alone or combined therapy of penicillin with erythromycin or penicillin with ciprofloxacin was effective in treating these infections. PMID:18445965

  4. Management of Orbital Diseases.

    PubMed

    Betbeze, Caroline

    2015-09-01

    Orbital diseases are common in dogs and cats and can present on emergency due to the acute onset of many of these issues. The difficulty with diagnosis and therapy of orbital disease is that the location of the problem is not readily visible. The focus of this article is on recognizing classical clinical presentations of orbital disease, which are typically exophthalmos, strabismus, enophthalmos, proptosis, or intraconal swelling. After the orbital disease is confirmed, certain characteristics such as pain on opening the mouth, acute vs. chronic swelling, and involvement of nearby structures can be helpful in determining the underlying cause. Abscesses, cellulitis, sialoceles, neoplasia (primary or secondary), foreign bodies, and immune-mediated diseases can all lead to exophthalmos, but it can be difficult to determine the cause of disease without advanced diagnostic imaging, such as ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, or computed tomography scan. Fine-needle aspirates and biopsies of the retrobulbar space can also be performed. PMID:26494502

  5. Antimicrobial prophylaxis in adults.

    TOXLINE Toxicology Bibliographic Information

    Enzler MJ; Berbari E; Osmon DR

    2011-07-01

    Antimicrobial prophylaxis is commonly used by clinicians for the prevention of numerous infectious diseases, including herpes simplex infection, rheumatic fever, recurrent cellulitis, meningococcal disease, recurrent uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with cirrhosis, influenza, infective endocarditis, pertussis, and acute necrotizing pancreatitis, as well as infections associated with open fractures, recent prosthetic joint placement, and bite wounds. Perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis is recommended for various surgical procedures to prevent surgical site infections. Optimal antimicrobial agents for prophylaxis should be bactericidal, nontoxic, inexpensive, and active against the typical pathogens that can cause surgical site infection postoperatively. To maximize its effectiveness, intravenous perioperative prophylaxis should be administered within 30 to 60 minutes before the surgical incision. Antimicrobial prophylaxis should be of short duration to decrease toxicity and antimicrobial resistance and to reduce cost.

  6. Recurrent primary paediatric herpetic whitlow of the big toe

    PubMed Central

    Murphy, Alexander P; Martin, Premkumar; Jukka, Cecilia M; Memon, Aamir; Ng, Sze May

    2013-01-01

    A 9-month-old baby girl presented multiple times with an erythematous, papular and pustular big toe in an otherwise healthy infant. A diagnosis of cellulitis was made and she was started on oral antibiotics, and bacterial swabs were taken. After 2?weeks of worsening appearance she was admitted for intravenous antibiotics. Inflammatory markers remained normal and viral swabs were taken. No improvement was seen after 2?days and she was referred for orthopaedic and dermatological opinions. The orthopaedic team recommended debridement whereas the dermatologist suspected a primary herpetic whitlow and recommended intravenous acyclovir in addition to intravenous antibiotics. A viral swab for Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV1) was positive by PCR on day 3. The toe continued to improve clinically and the patient received 21?days of acyclovir in total. 27?days after discharge the infection relapsed. She was treated with a further 14?days of oral acyclovir and recovered completely. PMID:23436893

  7. Bilateral dacryoadenitis

    PubMed Central

    Derr, Charlotte; Shah, Ankit

    2012-01-01

    Acute dacryoadenitis is an uncommon condition that involves inflammation of the lacrimal gland. In rare instances, dacryoadenitis may be bilateral. A delay in proper treatment of an otherwise simple case of dacryoadenitis may lead to significant soft tissue morbidity such as cellulitis, lacrimal gland abscess, or orbital abscess. We report the case of a 24-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with acute bilateral dacryoadenitis. The patient's symptoms did not respond to oral antibiotics and he subsequently required admission for intravenous antibiotics. During his hospitalization the patient had diagnostic testing to try to determine the etiology for his symptoms. The unique aspects of managing a case of bilateral dacryoadenitis as well as treatment recommendations are discussed in this case report. PMID:22416166

  8. Simultaneous Bilateral Submental Lymph Node Flaps for Lower Limb Lymphedema Post Leg Charles Procedure

    PubMed Central

    Ito, Ran; Lin, Miffy Chia-Yu

    2015-01-01

    Summary: We summarize the case of a 59-year-old woman with left lower limb lymphedema for 4 years post hysterectomy, pelvic lymph node dissection, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy for endometrial cancer. She underwent the Charles procedure on her left leg 2 years before being referred to our hospital and developed several cellulitis episodes and progressive lymphedema affecting her left toes and thigh. Bilateral vascularized submental lymph node flaps were transferred to her left ankle and thigh, respectively. After a 5-month follow-up, the leg became softer and lighter without relapsing cellulites, and the circumferential reduction rates at 15 cm above knee, 15 cm below knee, and 10 cm above ankle were 23.3%, 50%, and 22.2%, respectively. The patient was satisfied with the functional recovery and discontinued use of compression garment postoperatively. PMID:26495226

  9. Experimental infections of the musculoskeletal system: evaluation with MR imaging and Tc-99m MDP and Ga-67 scintigraphy

    SciTech Connect

    Beltran, J.; McGhee, R.B.; Shaffer, P.B.; Olsen, J.O.; Bennett, W.F.; Foster, T.R.; McCalla, M.S.; Iskra, L.A.; Blagg, R.L.; Biller, D.S.

    1988-04-01

    Acute osteomyelitis, soft-tissue infection, or both were experimentally produced in 38 New Zealand white rabbits, and three-phase technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate, gallium-67, and magnetic resonance (MR) images were obtained 7 or 14 days after infection. There was no significant difference between radionuclide studies and MR images in the detection of osteomyelitis, but MR imaging was significantly more sensitive (100% vs. 69%; P less than .01) in the detection of soft-tissue infection. In addition, cellulitis could not be distinguished from soft-tissue abscess on radionuclide studies, whereas MR imaging was 92% accurate in depicting soft-tissue abscesses. Further research is necessary to determine how to relate these findings to true human clinical situations.

  10. Computerized tomography of pelvic osteomyelitis in patients with spinal cord injuries

    SciTech Connect

    Firooznia, H.; Rafii, M.; Golimbu, C.; Sokolow, J.

    1983-12-01

    Computerized tomography (CT) was performed in 19 patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) who had large pressure sores and in whom other complications were suspected. CT detected the depth, extent, and degree of undermining of the edges of the pressure sores in 19 of 27 lesions. Conventional radiography detected four cases of pelvic osteomyelitis. CT detected eight additional cases of pelvic osteomyelitis, as well as eight clinically unsuspected peripelvic and intrapelvic abscesses. Technetium-99m bone scanning was not very helpful because of localization in chronic proliferative changes of bone and widespread foci of myositis ossificans, as well as in osteomyelitis. Gallium-67 scanning detected only one of six abscesses. It was not very helpful because of confusion of abscess and osteomyelitis with intense soft tissue swelling and cellulitis, which are often associated with pressure sores in patients with chronic SCI. CT was found to be, by far, the modality of choice for detection of pelvic osteomyelitis and abscess in patients with SCI.

  11. American kestrel (Falco spaverius) fledgling with severe bilateral periorbital swelling and infection with Mycoplasma buteonis, Avibacterium (Pasteurella) gallinarum, and Staphylococcus pasteuri.

    PubMed

    Bezjian, Marisa; Bezjian, Marisa

    2014-06-01

    Abstract: A female American kestrel (Falco spaverius) fledgling was found on the ground with a suspected trauma to the right eye and open-mouth breathing. During the first 2 days of hospitalization, the bird developed severe bilateral periorbital cellulitis, blepharoedema, and sinusitis. The periocular tissues of the right globe were devitalized and communicated with a fistula at the commissure of the right side of the beak. The blepharoedema of the left eye was aspirated and yielded a dark colored malodorous fluid, which was submitted for aerobic bacterial and Mycoplasma cultures. Results showed a mixed infection with Mycoplasma buteonis, Avibacterium gallinarum, and Staphylococcus pasteuri, all of which are not commonly isolated from birds of prey. With antimicrobial therapy, supportive care, and surgical debridement of the right periocular necrotic tissues and adhesed phthisical globe, the kestrel recovered from this severe mixed upper respiratory infection. PMID:25115041

  12. A 13C-NMR study of exopolysaccharide synthesis in Rhizobium meliloti Su47 strain

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tavernier, P.; Portais, J.-C.; Besson, I.; Courtois, J.; Courtois, B.; Barbotin, J.-N.

    1998-02-01

    Metabolic pathways implied in the synthesis of succinoglycan produced by the Su47 strain of R. meliloti were evaluated by 13C-NMR spectroscopy after incubation with [1{-}13C] or [2{-}13C] glucose. The biosynthesis of this polymer by R. meliloti from glucose occurred by a direct polymerisation of the introduced glucose and by the pentose phosphate pathway. Les voies mtaboliques impliques dans la synthse du succinoglycane produit par la souche Su47 de R. meliloti ont t values par la spectroscopie de RMN du carbone 13 aprs incubation des cellules avec du [1{-}13C] ou [2{-}13C] glucose. La biosynthse de ce polymre partir du glucose se produit par polymrisation directe du glucose et par la voie des pentoses phosphate.

  13. Actinobacillus lignieresii infection in two horses.

    PubMed

    Carmalt, J L; Baptiste, K E; Chirino-Trejo, J M

    1999-09-15

    A 10-year-old pregnant Norwegian Fjord horse was examined for gross swelling of the muzzle of 2 years' duration. Examination of biopsy specimens revealed diffuse dermal fibrosis, micropustule formation, and vascular thrombosis; large numbers of Actinobacillus lignieresii were isolated in pure culture. Prolonged treatment with i.v. administration of sodium iodide and oral administration of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole caused regression of the swelling and did not induce abortion. A 5-month-old American Paint filly was examined for swelling in the udder region. Bacteriologic culture of purulent material obtained from the left teat revealed A lignieresii. Treatment with oral administration of rifampin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resulted in complete resolution of clinical signs. To the authors' knowledge, these findings represent the first report of mastitis and chronic nasal cellulitis caused by A lignieresii infection in horses. PMID:10496138

  14. Streptococcus agalactiae Meningitis in Adult Patient: A Case Report and Literature Review

    PubMed Central

    Khan, Fahmi Yousef

    2016-01-01

    We report a case of group B streptococcus meningitis in a 72-year-old female patient who was admitted in our hospital with a 21-day history of bilateral lower thigh pain and swelling associated with fever, headache, and vomiting. Her past medical history was remarkable for DM type 2, hypertension, and hypothyroidism. Upon admission, examination showed bilateral warmth and tender soft tissue swelling around the knees and MRI showed cellulitis of distal thirds of both thighs. The next day, the patient became drowsy. Neurologic examination showed neck rigidity and right sided hemiparesis. Cerebrospinal fluid and blood cultures yielded group B streptococcus sensitive to ceftriaxone, penicillin G, and vancomycin. The patient received ceftriaxone for a total of 14 days after which she improved and was discharged from the hospital with right sided weakness. PMID:26904325

  15. Chronic osteomyelitis of the clavicle

    SciTech Connect

    Granick, M.S.; Ramasastry, S.S.; Goodman, M.A.; Hardesty, R.

    1989-07-01

    Osteomyelitis of the clavicle is an uncommon disease, but it should be considered in patients who present with pain, cellulitis, or drainage in the sternoclavicular area following head and neck surgery, irradiation, subclavian vein catheterization, or immunosuppression. An idiopathic presentation is possible. In contrast to primary osteomyelitis of the clavicle, which is occasionally seen in children, secondary osteomyelitis is quite rare. It is often mistaken for a fracture or a possible neoplasm on plain x-rays. Tomograms and CT scanning are confirmatory, and in early cases, technetium-99m bone scanning can be helpful. Treatment must include early, aggressive surgical debridement of all affected tissues, followed by wound coverage with a well-vascularized flap and perioperative antibiotics.

  16. Treatment of metastatic cutaneous Crohn disease with certolizumab.

    PubMed

    Kiuru, Maija; Camp, Brendan; Adhami, Katayun; Jacob, Vinita; Magro, Cynthia; Wildman, Horatio

    2015-01-01

    Metastatic Crohn disease is a rare cutaneous manifestation of Crohn disease characterized by granulomatous lesions discontinuous with the diseased areas of the gastrointestinal tract. We report a case of a 32-year-old woman with history of Crohn disease who was admitted for treatment of cellulitis after presenting with a tender erythematous plaque of the left calf. Microbiological tests including tissue cultures were negative. A skin biopsy revealed granulomatous dermatitis consistent with metastatic cutaneous Crohn disease. Owing to concomitant perianal fistulas and abscesses and prior infusion reaction to infliximab, the patient was treated with certolizumab, a pegylated tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor combined with methotrexate resulting in complete resolution of the skin lesion. This case emphasizes the importance of recognizing this rare skin manifestation of Crohn disease and adds certolizumab as one of TNF inhibitors useful in the treatment of metastatic cutaneous Crohn disease. PMID:26632928

  17. Working charts for the determination of the lift distribution between biplane wings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kuhn, Paul

    1934-01-01

    In this report are presented empirical working charts from which the distribution of lift between wings, that is the fraction of the total lift borne by each, can be determined in the positive lift range for any ordinary biplane cellule whose individual wings have the same profile. The variables taken directly into account include airfoil section, stagger, gap/chord ratio, decalage, chord ratio, and overhang. It is shown that the influence of unequal sweepback and unequal dihedral in upper and lower wings may be properly provided for by utilizing the concepts of average stagger and average gap/chord ratio, respectively. The effect of other variables is discussed, but they have not been included in the charts either because their influence was obviously small or because insufficient data existed to make possible a complete determination of their influence. All available pertinent biplane data were analyzed in establishing the charts, and in some cases theoretical relationships were utilized to establish qualitative tendencies.

  18. Etudes physiques des mélanges eau-cryoprotecteurs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vassoille, R.; Perez, J.

    The aim of the following review is to present the most important studies concerning the physical properties of water-solutes mixtures used in cryobiology. Cryobiology is a branch of biology which deals with the very low temperature behaviour of cells. This technique is developed today in several directions. The creation of banks of cells and perhaps in a short time of small organs, is the purpose of much research in this domain. Before freezing, living cells are generally put in a solution containing one or more solutes. The role of these solutes is to protect the cells against damage due to crystallization of water (cryoprotectors). The mechanisms of cryoprotection are not well known ; nevertheless the vitreous state formation during cooling is often invoked. So, it is possible to avoid crystallization damage such as mechanical strain (due to an increase of volume of about 10 %) and salt effects (due to osmotic pressure). The conditions in which the vitreous state is obtained, maintained during cooling, storage at low temperature and rewarming can be defined by physical studies presented in the following review. Le présent travail est essentiellement une revue bibliographique des principales études physiques qui ont été réalisées avec des solutions de composés habituellement employés en cryobiologie. La cryobiologie est une branche de la biologie qui s'intéresse au comportement des cellules à basse température. Cette discipline est actuellement en plein développement dans des domaines très divers. Son principal but est la création de banques de cellules de plus en plus complexes avec comme perspective la conservation des organes. Les cellules vivantes sont généralement placées avant congélation dans une solution contenant divers composés dont le rôle est de protéger les cellules contre les effets de la cristallisation de l'eau. L'action protectrice de ces cryoprotecteurs est encore mal connue; cependant, la formation d'un état vitreux lors du refroidissement est souvent invoquée. Ainsi, il est possible d'éviter les dommages liés à la cristallisation : contrainte mécanique due à l'augmentation de volume, effets de sel dus à l'existence d'un gradient de pression osmotique de part et d'autre de la membrane cellulaire. Les conditions d'obtention et de maintien de cet état vitreux lors des opérations de congélation peuvent être définies par des études physiques dont nous proposons une revue.

  19. [Historical meanings of Santiago Ramón y Cajal's Rétine des vertébrés. Summary of his first scientific].

    PubMed

    Baratas Díaz, L A

    1994-01-01

    The retina was one of the main objects of study in the first stage of the scientific work of Ramón y Cajal. As culmination of his previous works Cajal published in 1893 in the journal La Cellule an article titled "La rétine des Vertébrés". This article on the retina is a perfect example of Cajal's ability for the systematic study of the cellular types of the nervous centers, its morphological description and its intercellular contacts, as well as for the formulation of physiological interpretations and hypothesis on the development of the neuronal prolongations. Finally some comments are made on the influence of the evolutionary thinking of Haeckel and Herbert Spencer on the work of Ramón y Cajal. PMID:11640477

  20. Value of bacterial culturing in the course of congenital nasolacrimal duct (NLD) obstruction.

    PubMed

    MacEwen, C J; Phillips, M G; Young, J D

    1994-01-01

    The role of infection in the etiology and persistence of congenital nasolacrimal duct (NLD) obstruction is examined in a group of 334 infants who had conjunctival swabs cultured. One hundred and fifty eight (47%) of these had evidence of NLD obstruction and 176 (53%) did not. The types of organism grown from those with and without NLD obstruction were similar and occurred in almost equal proportions in each group. In addition, the rate of spontaneous resolution in those with NLD obstruction was the same, whether pathogenic bacteria were grown or not. There were no cases of orbital cellulitis, dacryocystitis, or ocular infection in those with NLD obstruction and no suggestion that secondary infection was more common in this group. PMID:7807302

  1. Skin and soft-tissue infections caused by Actinobaculum schaalii: report of two cases and literature review.

    PubMed

    Tena, Daniel; Fernández, Cristina; Lago, María R; Arias, Marta; Medina, María José; Sáez-Nieto, Juan Antonio

    2014-08-01

    Skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) caused by Actinobaculum spp. are very rare. In the present study, we report two cases and review the literature. The first case was an immunocompromised patient with an extensive cellulitis secondary to an inguinal abscess, and the second case was a patient with a pilonidal abscess. Clinical outcomes of both patients were good after surgical drainage and treatment with cloxacillin. The review of the literature showed that SSTIs caused by Actinobaculum spp. are usually located on the perineal and inguinal regions and can be severe, particularly in immunocompromised patients. SSTIs caused by Actinobaculum spp. can be overlooked because identification is often difficult and they can be considered as contaminants. PMID:24923266

  2. [JUVENILE DERMATOMYOSITIS AND CALCINOSIS].

    PubMed

    Zhvania, M

    2015-01-01

    Juvenile Dermatomiositis (JD) is autoimmune disease that progresses with time; JD's main differentiated syndromes are rash on the skin, poor function of muscles, and often developing invalidism. If the health practitioners manage to diagnose the JD on an early stage and prescribe the adequate treatment the disease will not progress aggressively. This approach is tangible for practical rheumatology and pediatric. The article aims to present the reasons of the development of the JD and calcinosis. The study based on the description of the patients with JD. There are distinguished the main symptoms of the disease in children: frequent and acute developments of muscles calcinosis, occasionally with diffuse character followed with hypotrophy of the muscles, contractures and invalidism. One of the patient cases that describe the article is the thirteen-year boy with JD indicating repeated sequence of the disease, with diffusive calcinosis, cellulitis followed with secondary infection and impaired vision. PMID:26177136

  3. Brown-Squard, a restless mind.

    PubMed

    Engelhardt, Eliasz; Gomes, Marleide da Mota

    2014-01-01

    Brown-Squard, a remarkable medical personality of the 19 th century, was born in a small island of the Indian Ocean. He travelled over the world exerting his skills: a successful physician, and an innovative researcher, with a very ample range of interests. His favored subject was the nervous system. The spinal cord was studied extensively, with novel and important discoveries on the sensory pathways. He identified cases with spinal cord hemisection, and described the clinical presentation corresponding to a syndrome which bears his name (Brown-Squard syndrome), for which he is best known among neurologists. Regarding the brain, he proposed nine mental and physical functions (organs) related to dynamically interconnected cell clusters, in harmony with the " rseau de cellules anastomoses ", " activits dynamogeniques et inhibitrices ", and " action distance " concepts. Finally, he is considered by some as the "father" of endocrinology, due to his studies on glands and their secretions. PMID:24637985

  4. Potential flow about arbitrary biplane wing sections

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garrick, I E

    1937-01-01

    A rigorous treatment is given of the problem of determining the two-dimensional potential flow around arbitrary biplane cellules. The analysis involves the use of elliptic functions and is sufficiently general to include the effects of such elements as the section shapes, the chord ratio, gap, stagger, and decalage, which elements may be specified arbitrarily. The flow problem is resolved by making use of the methods of conformal representation. Thus the solution of the problem of transforming conformally two arbitrary contours into two circles is expressed by a pair of simultaneous integral equations, for which a method of numerical solution is outlined. As an example of the numerical process, the pressure distribution over certain arrangements of the NACA 4412 airfoil in biplane combinations is presented and compared with the monoplane pressure distribution.

  5. Primary Cutaneous Cryptococcosis Treated with Debridement and Fluconazole Monotherapy in an Immunosuppressed Patient: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Jennifer; Bartelt, Luther; Yu, Deborah; Joshi, Anjali; Weinbaum, Bradley; Pierson, Tiffany; Patrizio, Michael; Warren, Cirle A.; Hughes, Molly A.; Donowitz, Gerald

    2015-01-01

    Cryptococcus neoformans is an opportunistic yeast present in the environment. Practitioners are familiar with the presentation and management of the most common manifestation of cryptococcal infection, meningoencephalitis, in patients with AIDS or other conditions of immunocompromise. There is less awareness, however, of uncommon presentations where experience rather than evidence guides therapy. We report a case of primary cutaneous cryptococcosis (PCC) in a patient who had been immunosuppressed by chronic high-dose corticosteroid for the treatment of severe asthma. This case highlights the importance of early recognition of aggressive cellulitis that fails standard empiric antibiotic treatment in an immunocompromised patient. It also demonstrates successful treatment of PCC with a multispecialty approach including local debridement and fluconazole monotherapy. PMID:25722900

  6. Facial swelling in a sickle cell patient.

    PubMed

    DeBlieux, Tyler K; Jackson, Neal; Jeyakumar, Anita; Townsend, Janice A; Naik, Bijal V

    2014-01-01

    Sickle cell disease (SCD) is characterized as a chronic hemolytic anemia with vaso-occlusive crises that result in multisystem organ damage. Bone marrow is one of the more common sites of these crises, presumably due to marrow hypercellularity that impairs blood flow- leading to regional hypoxia and subsequent infarction. Infarcts of facial bones are considered an uncommon complication of SCD. When infarcts occur in facial bones, the mandible and orbital bones are the most commonly affected. Overall, the clinical presentation of facial bone infarctions may mimic an infectious process, such as cellulitis, an abscess, or, more commonly, osteomyelitis. The purpose of this paper was to present the case of a patient with a confluence of symptoms in the face as a result of her sickle cell disease. PMID:24960379

  7. Not the usual suspect: a case of erythema induration of Bazin in an urban primary care clinic

    PubMed Central

    Xu, Ling; Flattery, Davida; McCabe, Robert

    2015-01-01

    Frontline clinicians in the United States, especially those working in safety net hospitals or with immigrant populations, will likely see cutaneous tuberculosis given the tremendous burden of tuberculosis infection worldwide. The tuberculid is a subtype of cutaneous tuberculosis that poses a diagnostic challenge because organisms are not found in smears or cultures taken from the lesions. Tuberculid lesions can mimic erythema nodosum, thrombophlebitis, and cellulitis. We describe the case of a 57-year-old woman immigrant from China who presented with tender, subcutaneous nodules on her ankle and thigh in the setting of prior exposure to tuberculosis. We describe the clinical, pathophysiologic, and histopathologic features of tuberculids in order to raise awareness among primary care clinicians about this difficult to diagnose but readily treatable manifestation of tuberculosis. PMID:26653690

  8. Gemcitabine-Induced Pseudocellulitis in a Patient With Recurrent Lymphedema: A Case Report and Review of the Current Literature.

    PubMed

    Curtis, Susanna; Hong, Simon; Gucalp, Rasim; Calvo, Manuela

    2016-01-01

    Gemcitabine is a chemotherapeutic agent used for treatment of a variety of malignancies. It has been associated with multiple cutaneous reactions including rash, alopecia, and pruritus. Less commonly, gemcitabine has been associated with "pseudocellulitis," a noninfectious skin inflammatory reaction, which resembles cellulitis. The majority of cases reported in the literature are radiation recall reactions in which inflammation occurs in areas of previous radiation post drug treatment; however, there are also reports of pseudocellulitis occurring in areas of preexisting lymphedema. The pathophysiology of both of these reactions are still unknown, though it is theorized that areas of lymphedema may both increase concentration of gemcitabine and reduce its rate of metabolism leading to increased drug exposure time. In this study, we report a case of pseudocellulitis in a patient with chronic lower extremity lymphedema and a review of the current literature. By recognizing this side effect of gemcitabine, one can avoid unnecessary hospitalization and exposure to antibiotics. PMID:24451298

  9. [Anesthetic management of a patient with adrenoleukodystrophy].

    PubMed

    Shinohara, Maki; Hirose, Yohsuke; Boku, Aiji; Kimura, Keiji Richard; Morimoto, Yoshinari; Niwa, Hitoshi

    2014-01-01

    Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a genetic disorder with demyelination of the central nervous system and adrenal insufficiency. A 24-year-old man with ALD was scheduled for dental treatment under general anesthesia. He was diagnosted as having ALD at the age of 5. Past medical history included recurrent cervical cellulitis, adrenal insufficiency, mental retardation, muscle weakness and seizure disorder. General anesthesia was induced using betamethasone as a steroid cover, sevoflurane and nitrous oxide-oxygen and maintained with sevoflurane and nitrous oxide-oxygen. Nasal intubation was performed without using a muscle relaxant. Patients with ALD cannot metabolize very long chain fatty acid, so we did not use propofol containing long chain fatty acid. Operation and anesthesia were uneventful. There were no complications during and after anesthesia. PMID:24558940

  10. Recurrent pseudocellulitis due to gemcitabine: underrecognized and underreported?

    PubMed

    Dasanu, Constantin A; Bockorny, Bruno

    2015-10-01

    Pseudocellulitis has been previously described with the use of chemotherapy agent gemcitabine. This condition is thought to occur due to vascular toxicity and increased localized permeability of the skin capillaries. We report herein a case of recurrent pseudocellulitis due to gemcitabine in a patient with metastatic pancreatic cancer. We believe this condition is underreported and underrecognized. Furthermore, it may be misdiagnosed as cellulitis and inappropriately treated with systemic antibiotics. As the diagnosis is clinical and the condition is self-limited, referral to other specialists is usually not required. Awareness of gemcitabine-induced pseudocellulitis is important in order to reassure the patients, their families, and non-oncology providers and to avoid unnecessary (and often costly) diagnostic work-up. PMID:24769519

  11. Carcinoma erysipeloides as a presenting feature of breast carcinoma: A case report and brief review of literature.

    PubMed

    Al Ameer, Ali; Imran, Maryam; Kaliyadan, Feroze; Chopra, Rajan

    2015-01-01

    Carcinoma erysipeloides (CE) is an uncommon but distinctive form of cutaneous metastasis that usually manifests clinically as a fixed erythematous patch or plaque resembling cellulitis or erysipelas. The inflamed area may show a distinct raised edge at the periphery and also edema secondary to lymphatic obstruction. Histologically, dense carcinoma cells in the dermal vascular channels and dense perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate may be seen. CE may rarely be the first sign of "silent" tumor of breast. We report a case of a 52-year-old married lady who presented with a three months history of pruritic erythematous patches over the left side of the breast that was resistant to all topical treatments and was diagnosed as erysipeloid breast carcinoma. PMID:26753138

  12. In Vitro Activity of Tedizolid Against Gram-Positive Bacteria in Patients With Skin and Skin Structure Infections and Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia: A Korean Multicenter Study

    PubMed Central

    Lee, Yangsoon; Hong, Sung Kuk; Choi, SungHak; Im, Weonbin; Yong, Dongeun

    2015-01-01

    We compared the activities of tedizolid to those of linezolid and other commonly used antimicrobial agents against gram-positive cocci recovered from patients with skin and skin structure infections (SSSIs) and hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) in Korean hospitals. Gram-positive isolates were collected from 356 patients with SSSIs and 144 patients with HAP at eight hospitals in Korea from 2011 to 2014. SSSIs included impetigo, cellulitis, erysipelas, furuncles, abscesses, and infected burns. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested by using the CLSI agar dilution method. All of the gram-positive isolates were inhibited by ≤1 µg/mL tedizolid. The minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC]90 of tedizolid was 0.5 µg/mL for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, which was 4-fold lower than that of linezolid. Tedizolid may become a useful option for the treatment of SSSIs and HAP caused by gram-positive bacteria. PMID:26206690

  13. In vitro activity of tedizolid against gram-positive bacteria in patients with skin and skin structure infections and hospital-acquired pneumonia: a Korean multicenter study.

    PubMed

    Lee, Yangsoon; Hong, Sung Kuk; Choi, Sunghak; Im, Weonbin; Yong, Dongeun; Lee, Kyungwon

    2015-09-01

    We compared the activities of tedizolid to those of linezolid and other commonly used antimicrobial agents against gram-positive cocci recovered from patients with skin and skin structure infections (SSSIs) and hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) in Korean hospitals. Gram-positive isolates were collected from 356 patients with SSSIs and 144 patients with HAP at eight hospitals in Korea from 2011 to 2014. SSSIs included impetigo, cellulitis, erysipelas, furuncles, abscesses, and infected burns. Antimicrobial susceptibility was tested by using the CLSI agar dilution method. All of the gram-positive isolates were inhibited by ≤1 μg/mL tedizolid. The minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC]₉₀ of tedizolid was 0.5 μg/mL for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, which was 4-fold lower than that of linezolid. Tedizolid may become a useful option for the treatment of SSSIs and HAP caused by gram-positive bacteria. PMID:26206690

  14. [Leg discoloration].

    PubMed

    Unger, L; Wollina, U; Machetanz, J; Stelzner, C; Schellong, S

    2013-11-01

    Many patients present with discolouration of the legs or with non-ulcerating skin lesions, the most frequent causes being chronic venous insufficiency or other chronic or acute states of congestion. Erysipelas (cellulitis) is also a frequent example of a bacterial skin infection. A complex differential diagnosis arises from all types of immune-mediated skin lesions, opening up the broad spectrum of inflammatory systemic disease, such as vasculitis and sarcoidosis. Livedo like lesions and skin involvement in borreliosis are challenging to classify but of considerable clinical importance. The present review focuses on the description of underlying diseases as well as on diagnosis and differential diagnosis. Therapeutic considerations are discussed in less detail. PMID:24026790

  15. Erysipelas: a common potentially dangerous infection.

    PubMed

    Celestin, R; Brown, J; Kihiczak, G; Schwartz, R A

    2007-09-01

    Erysipelas is an acute superficial cutaneous cellulitis that commonly occurs not only in elderly and immunocompromised persons, but also in neonates and small children subsequent to bacterial inoculation through a break in the skin barrier. Group A Beta-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS, Streptoccocus pyogenes) is the usual etiologic agent. Factors that predispose pediatric patients to the development of erysipelas include very young age, diabetes mellitus, an immunocompromised state, and nephrotic syndrome. Patients typically have a well-demarcated, erythematous, indurated, rapidly spreading patch with a palpable advancing border on the face or extremities. Fever with chills and general malaise may be prominent symptoms. Antibiotics are usually effective. Patients handled in a timely manner tend to recover without problems. However, potential complications include abscess formation, necrotizing fasciitis, septicemia, recurrent infection, and lymphedema. PMID:17994173

  16. Atlanto-axial infection after acupuncture.

    PubMed

    Robinson, A; Lind, C R P; Smith, R J; Kodali, V

    2015-01-01

    A 67-year-old man presented with neck cellulitis following acupuncture for cervical spondylosis. Blood cultures were positive for methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus. Increased neck pain and bacteraemia prompted MRI, which showed atlanto-axial septic arthritis without signs of infection of the tissues between the superficial cellulitic area and the atlanto-axial joint, thus making direct extension of infection unlikely. It is more likely that haematogenous spread of infection resulted in seeding in the atlanto-axial joint, with the proximity of the arthritis and acupuncture site being coincidental. Acupuncture is a treatment option for some indolent pain conditions. As such, acupuncture services are likely to be more frequently utilised. A history of acupuncture is rarely requested by the admitting doctor and seldom offered voluntarily by the patient, especially where the site of infection due to haematogenous spread is distant from the needling location. Awareness of infectious complications following acupuncture can reduce morbidity through early intervention. PMID:26655668

  17. Skin Abscess due to Serratia marcescens in an Immunocompetent Patient after Receiving a Tattoo

    PubMed Central

    Diranzo García, J.; Villodre Jiménez, J.; Zarzuela Sánchez, V.; Castillo Ruiperez, L.; Bru Pomer, A.

    2015-01-01

    The incidence of skin infections caused by Serratia marcescens is extremely low and such infections are typically observed in immunocompromised patients. The clinical manifestations of these infections include cellulitis, abscesses, fluctuant nodules, or granulomatous lesions. Infections caused by S. marcescens are very difficult to treat due to their resistance to many antibiotics, which often leads to specific and prolonged treatment. Infections after receiving a tattoo are very rare and are caused by unhygienic conditions or the inexperience of the tattooist. In this paper we present the case of a 32-year-old male with no comorbidity, who presented an abscess caused by S. marcescens in a area that was tattooed one month earlier. The case was resolved with surgery and antimicrobial therapy that was based on the antibiogram. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a S. marcescens skin infection following a tattoo, in the absence of immunosuppression. PMID:26356072

  18. Skin Abscess due to Serratia marcescens in an Immunocompetent Patient after Receiving a Tattoo.

    PubMed

    Diranzo García, J; Villodre Jiménez, J; Zarzuela Sánchez, V; Castillo Ruiperez, L; Bru Pomer, A

    2015-01-01

    The incidence of skin infections caused by Serratia marcescens is extremely low and such infections are typically observed in immunocompromised patients. The clinical manifestations of these infections include cellulitis, abscesses, fluctuant nodules, or granulomatous lesions. Infections caused by S. marcescens are very difficult to treat due to their resistance to many antibiotics, which often leads to specific and prolonged treatment. Infections after receiving a tattoo are very rare and are caused by unhygienic conditions or the inexperience of the tattooist. In this paper we present the case of a 32-year-old male with no comorbidity, who presented an abscess caused by S. marcescens in a area that was tattooed one month earlier. The case was resolved with surgery and antimicrobial therapy that was based on the antibiogram. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a S. marcescens skin infection following a tattoo, in the absence of immunosuppression. PMID:26356072

  19. [Invasive pneumococcal disease of serotype 6C with skin and soft tissue infections in an immunocompetent adult].

    PubMed

    Suzuki, Kiyozumi; Hayashi, Yuta; Otsuka, Hiromasa; Hashimoto, Kenichi; Kasamaki, Yuji; Yanai, Mitsuru; Kato, Kimitoshi; Nagai, Yu; Soma, Masayoshi

    2014-11-01

    We report herein on a rare case of deep-soft tissue infection due to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). A 77-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with progressive pain in the right upper arm and the distal leg associated with swelling. We diagnosed the condition as multiple instances of cellulitis that were initially treated with ceftriaxone and clindamycin. Penicillin-susceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae (PSSP) was isolated from blood cultures on admission. Although inflammatory marker levels improved following susceptive antibiotic therapy (ampicillin), multiple abscesses, septic arthritis and osteomyelitis were detected with image testing. The antibiotic was then changed to meropenem and arthroscopic surgery was performed for the right shoulder; the patient's clinical symptoms improved. Since pneumococcal infection including skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) often causes blood stream invasion or metastatic suppurative complications, metastatic lesions or multiple abscesses should be taken care of. PMID:25764807

  20. Association sarcodose et maladie de Horton: propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Marzouk, Sameh; Hriz, Hela; Jallouli, Moez; Cherif, Yosra; Bahloul, Zouhir

    2015-01-01

    La sarcodose peut tre associe d'autres maladies inflammatoires. Elle est exceptionnellement associe une maladie de Horton posant un problme nosologique sur le caractre fortuit ou non de cette association. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une patiente, ge de 68 ans, chez qui le diagnostic de sarcodose avec atteinte rnale, hpatique, oculaire, articulaire et signes gnraux a t retenu et ayant t traite par corticothrapie avec une bonne volution. 3 ans plus tard elle a prsent des cphales fronto-temporales associes une claudication masstrienne et un syndrome inflammatoire biologique. La biopsie de l'artre temporale a conclu une artrite cellules gantes. Lvolution a t favorable sous corticothrapie. L'association d'une maladie de Horton une sarcodose suggre un lien ventuel entre ces deux affections. PMID:26213599

  1. Les biofilms bactériens : leur importance en santé animale et en santé publique

    PubMed Central

    Tremblay, Yannick D.N.; Hathroubi, Skander; Jacques, Mario

    2014-01-01

    Résumé Les biofilms bactériens sont des amas structurés de cellules bactériennes enrobés d’une matrice polymérique et attachés à une surface. Le biofilm protège les bactéries et leur permet de survivre dans des conditions environnementales hostiles. Les bactéries du biofilm peuvent résister à la réponse immunitaire de l’hôte et sont beaucoup plus résistantes aux antibiotiques et aux désinfectants que les cellules bactériennes planctoniques. La capacité de former un biofilm est maintenant reconnue comme une caractéristique propre à plusieurs microorganismes. La présence de biofilms lors d’infections demande donc de nouvelles méthodes de prévention, de diagnostic et de traitement. De même, la présence de biofilms sur des surfaces retrouvées à la ferme, à l’abattoir ou à l’usine de transformation affectera l’efficacité du protocole de désinfection. De façon surprenante, la formation de biofilms chez les bactéries pathogènes des animaux et les bactéries zoonotiques est un sujet relativement peu étudié. Ce bref compte rendu a pour objectif de sensibiliser les intervenants en santé animale à l’importance des biofilms. PMID:24688172

  2. [The adipocyte in the history of slimming agents].

    PubMed

    Franchi, J; Pellicier, F; Andr, P; Schnebert, S

    2003-07-01

    Nowadays, in industrialised societies, it is fashionable for women to be slim. However, throughout history, this has not always been the case, especially as "cellulite" (cellulitis) was full of typically feminine symbols. The ideal feminine silhouette has changed with the rhythm of cultures. Cellulitis is an inappropriate term used by women to describe curves which they judge to be too plump and not very aesthetic, mostly around the thighs and hips. This lipodystrophy of the adipose tissue represents approximately 25% of a woman's body weight. It is clinically characterised by an "orange peel" skin surface, which is a result of the excessive development of the volume of the adipocytes organised in lobules within the walls of the unstretchable conjunctive tissue. This phenomenon is associated with an insufficiency of the venous tonus and an increase in the capillary permeability, which both contribute to an increase in the infiltration of water in the tissue. In reality, the understanding of cellulite has truly progressed with research based on adipocyte functions. An adipocyte is a metabolically active cell which plays a central role in the control of the energetic balance of the organism. In order to assume this role, it possesses all the enzymatic equipment necessary for synthesis (lipogenesis) and for triglyceride storage, mobilisation and liberation as free fatty acids (lipolysis). During these last few years, as well as this role as an energetic reserve which manages lipogenesis/lipolysis balance, the adipocyte has acquired the status of an endocrine and paracrine cell through the identification of numerous secreted factors. When we look back at the history of slimming products launched on the market since the 1980's, we can notice the role of the adipocyte tool and understand its functions in the choice of active ingredients, the development of complementary actions, the importance of the texture, the evolution of methods used to evaluate the efficacy on human volunteers and of course, we must not forget the women satisfaction and the power of seduction through words. PMID:14567186

  3. Facteurs influenant l'initiation au traitement antirtroviral des personnes vivant avec le VIH dans les Centres de Traitement Agrs de Bamenda et de Bertoua au Cameroun

    PubMed Central

    Mbopi-Keou, Francois-Xavier; Voundi, Esther Voundi; Kalla, Ginette Claude Mireille; Emah, Irne; Angwafo, Fru; Muna, Walinjom

    2014-01-01

    Introduction L'objectif de ce travail tait de dterminer les facteurs influenant l'initiation au traitement antirtroviral des personnes vivant avec le VIH (PVVIH) dans les centres de traitements agres (CTA) de Bamenda et de Bertoua au Cameroun. Mthodes Il s'agissait d'une tude transversale, analytique ralise de Janvier Avril 2011, dans les CTA de Bamenda et de Bertoua. Pour cette tude, nous avons obtenu une clairance thique. Rsultats Nous avons tudis 460 dossiers de patients sropositifs en phase d'initiation au traitement antirtroviral dans les CTA de Bamenda et de Bertoua, 53,9% et 46,1% respectivement. L ge mdian tait de 36 ans. La plupart des sropositifs Bertoua (41) avaient fait un dpistage volontaire du VIH par rapport ceux de Bamenda (22) (p= 0.008). Il y avait plus de VIH de type 1 et 2 dans le CTA de Bamenda (15) par rapport Bertoua (3) (p= 0.011). La majorit des patients tait class au stade clinique II Bamenda (54,0%) tandis qu Bertoua le stade clinique III tait prdominant (52,4%) (p = 0,000). Le taux mdian de CD4 tait de 133 cellules/mm3 dans le CTA de Bamenda et de 175 cellules/mm3 Bertoua (p = 0,008). La Zidovudine tait plus prescrit Bamenda et le Tnofovir Bertoua (p = 0,000). L Efavirenz tait plus prescrit Bertoua tandis que la Nvirapine l tait plus Bamenda (p = 0,000). Le Lopinavir/r tait plus prescrit Bamenda qu Bertoua (p = 0,017). Conclusion Il apparait urgent de standardiser la prise en charge des PVVIH dans les CTA du Cameroun. PMID:25184023

  4. Catfish spine envenomation and bacterial abscess with Proteus and Morganella: a case report

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Abscess formation and cellulitis in the setting of envenomation are rare complications of handling catfish. To the best of our knowledge, isolation of Proteus vulgaris has not been previously recorded, and recovery of Morganella morganii has been reported in only one prior case from wound cultures in patients injured by catfish stings. We report a case of catfish envenomation characterized by abscess formation and cellulitis, in which wound cultures grew these unusual organisms. Case presentation A 52-year-old Chinese-American man was hospitalized with erythema and swelling of his right arm of 10?days duration after skin penetration by a catfish barb. An abscess of his right thumb had undergone incision and drainage, with purulent drainage sent for wound culture immediately prior to admission. Laboratory studies revealed elevated white blood count, sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein. The patient was treated with intravenous ampicillin-sulbactam and vancomycin during his hospitalization, and symptoms improved. Wound cultures obtained prior to presentation grew many Proteus vulgaris and Morganella morganii. He was subsequently discharged on a 10-day course of oral ciprofloxacin and amoxicillin-clavulanate. At a 12-month telephone follow-up, the patient denied developing further symptoms and reported that the wound had healed completely without complication. Conclusion Although envenomation and secondary infection are not uncommon sequelae of handling catfish, the present case is unique by virtue of the infecting organisms isolated. Given the prevalence of injury from catfish stings, a review of the literature is presented in order to provide recommendations for prevention and treatment of catfish envenomation. PMID:23631594

  5. Elaboration du Ge mesoporeux et etude de ses proprietes physico-chimiques en vue d'applications photovoltaiques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tutashkonko, Sergii

    Le sujet de cette these porte sur l'elaboration du nouveau nanomateriau par la gravure electrochimique bipolaire (BEE) --- le Ge mesoporeux et sur l'analyse de ses proprietes physico-chimiques en vue de son utilisation dans des applications photovoltaiques. La formation du Ge mesoporeux par gravure electrochimique a ete precedemment rapportee dans la litterature. Cependant, le verrou technologique important des procedes de fabrication existants consistait a obtenir des couches epaisses (superieure a 500 nm) du Ge mesoporeux a la morphologie parfaitement controlee. En effet, la caracterisation physico-chimique des couches minces est beaucoup plus compliquee et le nombre de leurs applications possibles est fortement limite. Nous avons developpe un modele electrochimique qui decrit les mecanismes principaux de formation des pores ce qui nous a permis de realiser des structures epaisses du Ge mesoporeux (jusqu'au 10 mum) ayant la porosite ajustable dans une large gamme de 15% a 60%. En plus, la formation des nanostructures poreuses aux morphologies variables et bien controlees est desormais devenue possible. Enfin, la maitrise de tous ces parametres a ouvert la voie extremement prometteuse vers la realisation des structures poreuses a multi-couches a base de Ge pour des nombreuses applications innovantes et multidisciplinaires grace a la flexibilite technologique actuelle atteinte. En particulier, dans le cadre de cette these, les couches du Ge mesoporeux ont ete optimisees dans le but de realiser le procede de transfert de couches minces d'une cellule solaire a triple jonctions via une couche sacrificielle en Ge poreux. Mots-cles : Germanium meso-poreux, Gravure electrochimique bipolaire, Electrochimie des semi-conducteurs, Report des couches minces, Cellule photovoltaique

  6. Two cases of cardiac device-related endocarditis due to Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (group C or G streptococci)

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Cardiac device-related endocarditis is a very rare clinical manifestation of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis disease. This pathogen is a common cause of cellulitis. We here report two cases of cardiac device-related endocarditis due to Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis. Blood cultures yielded this pathogen and both patients had recurrent bacteremia. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography revealed lead vegetations. This is a new description of this pathogen to cause cardiac device-related endocarditis. Case presentation The first case is a 79-year-old finnish woman who received a dual-chamber pacemaker for intermittent complete heart block in April 2011. She had three episodes of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis bacteremia. During first episode she had arthritis of glenohumeral joint. Focus was unknown in the second and third bacteremic episodes. During third bacteremic episode transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed lead vegetation. Patient underwent successful complete system removal. She was treated with benzylpenicillin four million IU six times a day for four weeks intravenously. The second case is a 92-year-old finnish man. A dual-chamber pacemaker was implanted on June 2012 due to total heart block. He had recurrent S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis bacteremia with cellulitis. During the second bacteremic episode transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed because of persistent fever. Echocardiography revealed lead vegetation. Abdominal CT revealed also an abscess in the psoas region. This elderly patient was very fragile, and the pacemaker system was not extracted. Therapy was continued with benzylpenicillin four million IU six times a day for six weeks intravenously and thereafter suppressive treatment with amoksisillin 500mg three times a day was initiated. Conclusion Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (group C and G streptococci) seldom cause cardiac device endocarditis. Both patients had recurrent bacteremia of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis and echocardiography revealed cardiac device-related endocarditis. These cases emphasize the importance of considering endocarditis in elderly persons having cardiac devices together with the presence of unexplained bacteremia, fever without focus or persistent fever. PMID:24678588

  7. Correlations between Clinical Features and Mortality in Patients with Vibrio vulnificus Infection

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Hong; Xu, Lichen; Dong, Huihui; Hu, Jianhua; Gao, Hainv; Yang, Meifang; Zhang, Xuan; Chen, Xiaoming; Fan, Jun; Ma, Weihang

    2015-01-01

    Vibrio vulnificus is a common gram-negative bacterium, which might cause morbidity and mortality in patients following consumption of seafood or exposure to seawater in Southeast China. We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of patients with laboratory confirmed V. vulnificus infection. Twenty one patients were divided into a survival group and a non-surviving (or death) group according to their clinical outcome. Clinical data and measurements were statistically analyzed. Four patients (19.05%) died and five patients gave positive cultures from bile fluid, and 16 other patients gave positive culture from blood or blisters. Ten patients (47.62%) had an underlying liver disease and marine-related events were found in sixteen patients (76.2%). Patients with heavy drinking habits might be at increased mortality (p = 0.028). Clinical manifestations of cellulitis (47.6%), septic shock (42.9%) and multiple organ failure (28.6%) were statistically significant when comparing survivors and non-survivors (p = 0.035, p = 0.021 and p = 0.003, respectively). The laboratory results, including hemoglobin < 9.0 g/L (p = 0.012), platelets < 2.0109 /L, prothrombin time activity (PTA) <20%, decreased serum creatinine and increased urea nitrogen were statistically significant (p = 0.012, p = 0.003, p = 0.028 and p = 0.028, respectively). Patients may be at a higher risk of mortality under situations where they have a history of habitual heavy alcoholic drink consumption (p = 0.028, OR = 22.5, 95%CI 1.5335.3), accompanied with cellulitis, shock, multiple organ failure, and laboratory examinations that are complicated by decreased platelets, hemoglobin and significantly prolonged prothrombin time (PT). PMID:26274504

  8. Eosinophilic Skin Diseases: A Comprehensive Review.

    PubMed

    Long, Hai; Zhang, Guiying; Wang, Ling; Lu, Qianjin

    2016-04-01

    Eosinophilic skin diseases, commonly termed as eosinophilic dermatoses, refer to a broad spectrum of skin diseases characterized by eosinophil infiltration and/or degranulation in skin lesions, with or without blood eosinophilia. The majority of eosinophilic dermatoses lie in the allergy-related group, including allergic drug eruption, urticaria, allergic contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, and eczema. Parasitic infestations, arthropod bites, and autoimmune blistering skin diseases such as bullous pemphigoid, are also common. Besides these, there are several rare types of eosinophilic dermatoses with unknown origin, in which eosinophil infiltration is a central component and affects specific tissue layers or adnexal structures of the skin, such as the dermis, subcutaneous fat, fascia, follicles, and cutaneous vessels. Some typical examples are eosinophilic cellulitis, granuloma faciale, eosinophilic pustular folliculitis, recurrent cutaneous eosinophilic vasculitis, and eosinophilic fasciitis. Although tissue eosinophilia is a common feature shared by these disorders, their clinical and pathological properties differ dramatically. Among these rare entities, eosinophilic pustular folliculitis may be associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or malignancies, and some other diseases, like eosinophilic fasciitis and eosinophilic cellulitis, may be associated with an underlying hematological disorder, while others are considered idiopathic. However, for most of these rare eosinophilic dermatoses, the causes and the pathogenic mechanisms remain largely unknown, and systemic, high-quality clinical investigations are needed for advances in better strategies for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Here, we present a comprehensive review on the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, and management of these rare entities, with an emphasis on recent advances and current consensus. PMID:25876839

  9. Cofactor recycling mechanism in asymmetric biocatalytic reduction of carbonyl compounds mediated by yeast: which is the efficient electron donor?

    PubMed

    Zhang, Ben-Li; Pionnier, Sbastien

    2003-08-01

    In asymmetric reduction of carbonyl compounds mediated by microorganisms, the cofactors that transfer hydride should be regenerated by using a recycling system. In most cases, this recycling system consists of carbohydrate molecules, especially glucose or sucrose. Other molecules such as ethanol and acetate have been used as electron donors too. The reduction can even be conducted without added electron donors. To improve biocatalytic synthesis, it is important to understand the cofactor recycling mechanism. In this work, the hydride-transfer mechanism in cofactor regeneration, which takes place in bioreduction mediated by yeast, was studied by means of an isotope tracing technique. The results show that, when glucose was used, the NADH involved in the glycolysis was consumed directly in the formation of ethanol and was not used in the bioreduction. Hence, the regeneration of cofactors in the reduction is not coupled with glycolysis. Nevertheless, glucose is an efficient electron donor that transfers hydride through the hexose monophosphate (HMP) pathway in which the main hydrogen source is C-1 and C-3 hydrogen of glucose. Ethanol is not a good electron donor, since, when it was used, only a small quantity of hydrogen was transferred from this molecule, and the main hydrogen source was water. Therefore, the ethanol oxidation pathway may not be efficient. In the absence of added auxiliary substrates, the yeast cells may use electron donors stored in its cellules. However, in this case we observed that the main hydrogen source for cofactor recycling was water, while only very few hydrogen atoms were from unexchangeable sites. This is similar to the case in which ethanol is used, and is in contradiction with the HMP pathway if stored glucose was the electron donor. The question that remains to be investigated is "what is the efficient electron donor recycling mechanism in the yeast cellules?" PMID:12898687

  10. Ostéosarcome primitif du rein avec évolution métastatique au foie. Étude de cas et revue de la littérature

    PubMed Central

    Gharbi, Olfa; Trabelsi, Amel; Hochlef, Makram; Kriaa, Soulef; Limam, Sami; Ben Fatma, Leila; Landolsi, Amel; Gahbiche, Selma; Mokni, Moncef; Mosbeh, T.A.; Ben Ahmed, Slim

    2009-01-01

    Résumé L’ostéosarcome primitif du rein est une pathologie très rare dont l’histogénèse n’est pas claire. Les récidives locales et les métastases sont fréquentes et le pronostic est très mauvais. Nous décrivons ici le cas d’une patiente de 59 ans qui présentait des douleurs lombaires gauches et un amaigrissement. Une échographie abdominale et une tomodensitométrie abdominale ont révélé une masse rétropéritonéale de 13 × 8 × 9 cm avec macrocalcifications. Le bilan d’extension n’a pas révélé d’autres lésions. On a procédé à une néphrectomie élargie gauche; l’examen histologique a révélé une prolifération tumorale constituée de cellules fusiformes de taille variable, ces cellules manifestement atypiques produisant directement du tissu ostéoïde évoquant un ostéosarcome rénal. Dix mois plus tard, la patiente présentait des lésions métastatiques au niveau hépatique sans autre lésion secondaire ni récidive locale. La patiente est actuellement en cours de traitement par chimiothérapie par doxorubicine et cisplatine avec un recul de 17 mois. Les caractéristiques anatomocliniques et les modalités thérapeutiques de cette pathologie rare sont discutées ci-dessous. PMID:19424475

  11. Clinical, Trichoscopic, and Histopathological Features of Primary Cicatricial Alopecias: A Retrospective Observational Study at a Tertiary Care Centre of North East India

    PubMed Central

    Thakur, Binod Kumar; Verma, Shikha; Raphael, Vandana

    2015-01-01

    Background: The primary cicatricial alopecias (PCAs) are a rare group of diseases where hair follicle is the primary target of destruction. There are a few studies on histopathological and trichoscopic features of PCA. Aims: To study the clinical, trichoscopic, and histopathological characteristics of PCAs of the scalp and to find out the concordance between trichoscopic and histopathological diagnosis. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical, trichoscopic, and histopathological features of 24 PCA patients. Fisher's Chi-square exact test was done to find the significant trichoscopic and histopathological features. Cohen's kappa coefficient was used to determine the agreement between histopathological and trichoscopic diagnosis. Results: A total of 24 patients of PCA were seen with a male: female ratio of 2:1. There were 10 (41.7%) patients of discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE), 5 (20.8%) of lichen planopilaris (LPP), 3 (12.5%) of dissecting cellulitis of scalp, and 2 (8.3%) each of pseudopelade of brocq, folliculitis decalvans, and frontal fibrosing alopecia. The important histopathological findings of DLE were follicular plugging, vacuolar changes in the basal layer, necrotic keratinocytes, and superficial and deep perifollicular and perivascular lymphocytic infiltrate. Histopathology of LPP showed vacuolar changes in the basal layer and lichenoid infiltrate involving the infundibulum and isthmus. Trichoscopy of DLE showed follicular plugging, yellow dots, and thick arborizing blood vessels. The peripilar cast was important finding in LPP. The characteristic yellow dot with three-dimensional structure was noted in dissecting cellulitis of the scalp. The Cohen's kappa agreement was 0.89 between histopathological and trichoscopic diagnosis. Conclusion: The diagnosis of PCA is challenging because of overlapping features clinically and histopathologically. Trichoscopy may provide quick and reliable diagnosis and obviate the necessity of scalp biopsy in busy clinics. PMID:26622153

  12. METHICILLIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS INFECTIONS OF THE EYE AND ORBIT (AN AMERICAN OPHTHALMOLOGICAL SOCIETY THESIS)

    PubMed Central

    Blomquist, Preston Howard

    2006-01-01

    Purpose To ascertain if methicillin-resistant Staphyloccocus aureus (MRSA) ophthalmic infections are increasing. Methods A retrospective review of all patients with a culture positive for MRSA in the Parkland Health and Hospital System, the urban public healthcare system for Dallas County, Texas, for the years 2000 through 2004 was performed. Patients with ocular, orbital, and ocular adnexal infection were identified, and isolates were categorized as nosocomial or community-acquired (CA). Results A total of 3,640 patients with a culture positive for MRSA were identified, with 1,088 patients (30%) considered to have acquired the isolate via nosocomial transmission and 2,552 patients (70%) considered to have CA-MRSA. Forty-nine patients (1.3%) had ophthalmic MRSA involvement. For both ophthalmic and nonophthalmic cases, the number of CA-MRSA patients increased each year, whereas the numbers of nosocomial patients remained fairly constant. Patients with ophthalmic MRSA tended to be younger than other MRSA patients (P = .023). The most common manifestation of ophthalmic MRSA infection was preseptal cellulitis and/or lid abscess followed by conjunctivitis, but sight-threatening infections, including corneal ulcers, endophthalmitis, orbital cellulitis, and blebitis, also occurred. Empirical antibiotic coverage was initially prescribed in 48 (98%) of ophthalmic cases and did not adequately cover for the MRSA isolate in 24 (50%). Conclusions CA-MRSA is becoming increasingly prevalent, and ophthalmologists will see more ophthalmic MRSA infections. Although ophthalmic CA-MRSA commonly presents as preseptal lid infection and conjunctivitis, sight-threatening infections also occur. Ophthalmologists must identify MRSA patients, adjust empirical treatment regimens where MRSA is endemic, and take steps to control emergence of resistant organisms in both inpatient and outpatient practices. PMID:17471350

  13. Dermatology for the practicing allergist: Tinea pedis and its complications

    PubMed Central

    Al Hasan, Muhannad; Fitzgerald, S Matthew; Saoudian, Mahnaz; Krishnaswamy, Guha

    2004-01-01

    Tinea pedis is a chronic fungal infection of the feet, very often observed in patients who are immuno-suppressed or have diabetes mellitus. The practicing allergist may be called upon to treat this disease for various reasons. Sometimes tinea infection may be mistaken for atopic dermatitis or allergic eczema. In other patients, tinea pedis may complicate allergy and asthma and may contribute to refractory atopic disease. Patients with recurrent cellulitis may be referred to the allergist/immunologist for an immune evaluation and discovered to have tinea pedis as a predisposing factor. From a molecular standpoint, superficial fungal infections may induce a type2 T helper cell response (Th2) that can aggravate atopy. Th2 cytokines may induce eosinophil recruitment and immunoglobulin E (IgE) class switching by B cells, thereby leading to exacerbation of atopic conditions. Three groups of fungal pathogens, referred to as dermatophytes, have been shown to cause tinea pedis: Trychophyton sp, Epidermophyton sp, and Microsporum sp. The disease manifests as a pruritic, erythematous, scaly eruption on the foot and depending on its location, three variants have been described: interdigital type, moccasin type, and vesiculobullous type. Tinea pedis may be associated with recurrent cellulitis, as the fungal pathogens provide a portal for bacterial invasion of subcutaneous tissues. In some cases of refractory asthma, treatment of the associated tinea pedis infection may induce remission in airway disease. Very often, protracted topical and/or oral antifungal agents are required to treat this often frustrating and morbid disease. An evaluation for underlying immuno-suppression or diabetes may be indicated in patients with refractory disease. PMID:15050029

  14. The Effect of Statins Use on the Risk and Outcome of Acute Bacterial Infections in Adult Patients

    PubMed Central

    Ghorbani, Raheb; Afshar, Reza Kiaee

    2015-01-01

    Background Beyond their lipid-lowering abilities, statins have anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties. In view of these effects, a growing interest has emerged in the possible role of statins, in preventing or decreasing morbidity and mortality from infection. Objectives The aim of this study was to determine whether previous statin use is associated with reduced risk of acute bacterial infections and better outcome of these infections. Materials and Methods In this historical cohort study, consecutive adult patients admitted with acute bacterial infection were enrolled. Control group were selected from adult outpatient and without history of acute bacterial infections. Acute bacterial infections included in this study were; pneumonia, acute pyelonephritis, cellulitis and sepsis with unknown origin. Data about baseline characteristics, co-morbidities and statins use of two groups was obtained. Results Finally 144 patients met inclusion criteria and were enrolled. Same numbers of controls were selected. Two groups were matched based on most baseline characteristics and co-morbidities. The patients’ categories were as follows: pneumonia 42.3%, acute pyelonephritis 23.6%, cellulitis 16% and sepsis 18%. From all participants 29.9% of patients and 45.8% controls were statin users. There was significant association between previous statin use and reduced risk of acute bacterial infections (Mantel Haenszel Weighted Odds Ratio=0.51, 95% CI: 0.30-0.85, p=0.009). Duration of hospitalization was significantly shorter in statin users (p=0.002). Hospital mortality rate was lower (14.6%) in statins users when compared with non-users (18.8%) with significant difference (p=0.028). Conclusion Prior therapy with statins is associated with considerably reduced onset of acute bacterial infections and better outcome in adult patients. PMID:26676277

  15. Modelisation par elements finis du muscle strie

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leonard, Mathieu

    Ce present projet de recherche a permis. de creer un modele par elements finis du muscle strie humain dans le but d'etudier les mecanismes engendrant les lesions musculaires traumatiques. Ce modele constitue une plate-forme numerique capable de discerner l'influence des proprietes mecaniques des fascias et de la cellule musculaire sur le comportement dynamique du muscle lors d'une contraction excentrique, notamment le module de Young et le module de cisaillement de la couche de tissu conjonctif, l'orientation des fibres de collagene de cette membrane et le coefficient de poisson du muscle. La caracterisation experimentale in vitro de ces parametres pour des vitesses de deformation elevees a partir de muscles stries humains actifs est essentielle pour l'etude de lesions musculaires traumatiques. Le modele numerique developpe est capable de modeliser la contraction musculaire comme une transition de phase de la cellule musculaire par un changement de raideur et de volume a l'aide des lois de comportement de materiau predefinies dans le logiciel LS-DYNA (v971, Livermore Software Technology Corporation, Livermore, CA, USA). Le present projet de recherche introduit donc un phenomene physiologique qui pourrait expliquer des blessures musculaires courantes (crampes, courbatures, claquages, etc.), mais aussi des maladies ou desordres touchant le tissu conjonctif comme les collagenoses et la dystrophie musculaire. La predominance de blessures musculaires lors de contractions excentriques est egalement exposee. Le modele developpe dans ce projet de recherche met ainsi a l'avant-scene le concept de transition de phase ouvrant la porte au developpement de nouvelles technologies pour l'activation musculaire chez les personnes atteintes de paraplegie ou de muscles artificiels compacts pour l'elaboration de protheses ou d'exosquelettes. Mots-cles Muscle strie, lesion musculaire, fascia, contraction excentrique, modele par elements finis, transition de phase

  16. Infections caused by halophilic marine Vibrio bacteria.

    PubMed Central

    Howard, R J; Bennett, N T

    1993-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The authors reviewed patients who developed sepsis or soft tissue infections caused by marine Vibrio bacteria in Florida. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Marine Vibrio bacteria are the most common bacteria found in seawater. They are concentrated in marine animals that feed by filtration such as oysters and clams. These bacteria can cause gastroenteritis, sepsis, cellulitis leading to necrotizing soft tissue infection after exposure to seawater or consumption of raw seafood. METHODS: The authors received 182 systemic infections that occurred in Florida between January 1, 1979, and December 31, 1991, which were treated by the authors or were reported to the Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitative Services. Patients were divided into two groups depending on whether they presented with primary bacteremia or soft tissue infection. RESULTS: Seventy-one patients had been exposed to these bacteria by eating raw seafood, 94 had direct exposure to seawater, and exposure was uncertain in 27 patients. Vibrio species were cultured from the blood of 103 patients and from wounds or soft tissues of 113. An additional 5 patients had cellulitis but bacteria were not cultured from these sites. In patients in whom it could be determined, 93 had primary soft tissue infections and 82 had primary bacteremia. Twenty-four patients had necrotizing soft tissue infections and required surgical debridement. Three of these 24 patients required amputation. Thirty-seven (20.3%) patients died. Severe liver disease occurred in 54 patients and 25 of these patients died. CONCLUSIONS: Marine Vibrio bacteria can cause sepsis and soft tissue infections, especially in individuals with severe liver disease and other chronic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus. The authors believe all individuals, especially those with systemic illness, should be warned against eating raw seafood. Images Figure 1. PMID:8489315

  17. Lymphadiposal Flaps and Lymphaticovenular Anastomoses for Severe Leg Edema: Functional Reconstruction for Lymph Drainage System.

    PubMed

    Koshima, Isao; Narushima, Mitsunaga; Mihara, Makoto; Yamamoto, Takumi; Hara, Hisako; Ohshima, Azusa; Kikuchi, Kazuki; Todokoro, Ken; Seki, Yukio; Iida, Takuya; Nakagawa, Masahiro

    2016-01-01

    Background Collecting lymphatics have lymph-drainage function with contraction of smooth muscle cells. Patients with edema have lost this drainage function due to degeneration of smooth muscle cells. Lymphaticovenular (LV) anastomosis salvages smooth muscle cells from reversible degeneration (mild edema), but muscle cells cannot be recovered from irreversible degeneration (severe edema). Therefore, in severe edema, LV anastomoses cannot reestablish the drainage function of the lymphatic system.To overcome this weakness of LV bypass methods for severe edema, new methods were instituted for repair of this missing drainage function using a lymphadiposal flap from the contralateral foot for hemilateral edema, or transfer of lateral thoracic lymph nodes for bilateral edema. Methods A total of 13 cases were repaired with lymphadiposal flaps and additional LV anastomoses. These cases have frequent phlegmon or cellulitis or resisted to previous LV anastomoses and/or compression therapy. The ages ranged from 15 to 75 years. There were four cases of primary edema and nine cases of secondary edema. Results Regarding the lymphadiposal flap (n = 8), three cases showed an excellent response (37.5%; no need for compression therapy), four cases had a good response (50%; improvement with compression), one case showed no change (12.5%; no improvement), and there were no cases of deterioration. Regarding the lateral thoracic lymph nodes transfer (n = 5), two cases had a good response (40%), three showed no improvement (60%), and there were no cases of deterioration. Conclusion It is concluded that lymphadiposal flap or lymph nodes transfer is suitable for severe edema having frequent cellulitis in unilateral or bilateral lower extremities resisting previous LV anastomoses and/or compression therapy. PMID:26258914

  18. Utilisation de l'essai comete et du biomarqueur gamma-H2AX pour detecter les dommages induits a l'ADN cellulaire par le 5-bromodeoxyuridine post-irradiation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    La Madeleine, Carole

    Ce memoire est presente a la Faculte de medecine et des sciences de la sante de l'Universite de Sherbrooke en vue de l'obtention du grade de maitre es sciences (M.Sc.) en radiobiologie (2009). Un jury a revise les informations contenues dans ce memoire. Il etait compose de professeurs de la Faculte de medecine et des sciences de la sante soit : Darel Hunting PhD, directeur de recherche (departement de medecine nucleaire et radiobiologie), Leon Sanche PhD, directeur de recherche (departement de medecine nucleaire et radiobiologie), Richard Wagner PhD, membre du programme (departement de medecine nucleaire et radiobiologie) et Guylain Boissonneault PhD, membre exterieur au programme (departement de biochimie). Le 5-bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU), un analogue halogene de la thymidine reconnu depuis les annees 60 comme etant un excellent radiosensibilisateur. L'hypothese la plus repandue au sujet de l'effet radio sensibilisant du BrdU est qu'il augmente le nombre de cassures simple et double brin lorsqu'il est incorpore dans l'ADN de la cellule et expose aux radiations ionisantes. Toutefois, de nouvelles recherches semblent remettre en question les observations precedentes. Ces dernieres etudes ont confirme que le BrdU est un bon radiosensibilisateur, car il augmente les dommages radio-induits dans l'ADN. Mais, c'est en etant incorpore dans une region simple brin que le BrdU radiosensibilise l'ADN. Ces recherches ont egalement revele pour la premiere fois un nouveau type de dommages produits lors de l'irradiation de l'ADN contenant du BrdU : les dimeres interbrins. Le but de ces travaux de recherche est de determiner si la presence de bromodeoxyuridine dans l'ADN augmente l'induction de bris simple et / ou double brin chez les cellules irradiees en utilisant de nouvelles techniques plus sensibles et specifiques que celles utilisees auparavant. Pour ce faire, les essais cometes et la detection des foci H2AX phosphorylee pourraient permettre d'etablir les effets engendres par le BrdU au niveau cellulaire. Notre hypothese (basee sur des resultats preliminaires effectues dans notre laboratoire) est que l'irradiation de l'ADN cellulaire en presence de BrdU augmentera le nombre de bris simple brin sans toutefois augmenter le nombre de bris double brin. Les resultats presentes dans ce memoire semblent corroborer cette hypothese. Les nouvelles methodes d'analyse, soient l'essai comete et la detection des foci gamma-H2AX remettent en question ce qui a ete dit sur le BrdU au sujet de l'induction des cassures double brin depuis plusieurs annees. L'ensemble de ces nouveaux resultats effectue a l'aide de cellules ayant incorporees du BrdU sont en correlation avec de precedents resultats obtenus dans notre laboratoire sur des oligonucleotides bromes. Ils reaffirment que l'irradiation combinee au BrdU augmente l'induction de bris simple brin mais pas de bris double brin. L'investigation approfondie des mecanismes d'action non elucides du BrdU au niveau cellulaire et son utilisation a des moments strategiques pendant le traitement de radiotherapie pourraient accroitre son efficacite a des fins d'utilisation clinique. Mots cles : 5-bromodeoxyuridine, dimeres interbrins, dommage a l'ADN, essai comete, H2AX, radiosensibilisateur, radiotherapie

  19. Tumeur brune du maxillaire révélatrice d'hyperparathyroidie primaire: à propos d'un cas et revue de la littérature

    PubMed Central

    Malika, Fassih; Taali, Loubna; Akssim, Mohamed; Reda, Abada; Rouadi, Sami; Mahtar, Mohamed; Roubal, Mohamed; Essaadi, Mustapha; Kadiri, Mohamed Fatmi El

    2013-01-01

    Les tumeurs brunes sont des lésions ostéolytiques rarement révélatrices des hyperparathyroïdies. Elles surviennent habituellement au stade terminal de l'hyperparathyroïdie primaire ou secondaire. Durant les 3 dernières décennies, le diagnostic des hyperparathyroïdies est le plus souvent fait à la phase asymptomatique grâce aux dosages systématiques du calcium et l'avènement des nouvelles techniques, de dosage de la parathormone. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une patiente avec hyperparathyroïdie primaire révélée par une tumeur du maxillaire, dont la TDM avait mis en évidence un processus ostéolytique agressif. L'intervention chirurgicale a consisté en une maxillectomie droite avec reconstruction. Le résultat anatomo-pathologique a conclu en une tumeur à cellule géantes bénigne du maxillaire. Le diagnostic de tumeur brune a été évoqué et confirmé après la réalisation d'un bilan phosphocalcique qui a mis en évidence une hypercalcémie, avec une hypophosphorémie. La recherche étiologique a objectivé à la TDM cervicale un processus en situation rétro et infra thyroïdienne droite en faveur d'un adénome parathyroïdien. Le dosage de la parathormone: 322 pmol/L a confirmé le diagnostic. Nous rappelons à travers cette observation la difficulté d’établir un diagnostic correct chez les patients avec un processus ostéolytique du maxillaire et la nécessité de rechercher une hyperparathyroïdie devant une lésion à cellules géantes vue le caractère insidieux de cette endocrinopathie. PMID:23503933

  20. TRANSPLANTATION EN MASSE DES ORGANES ABDOMINAUX

    PubMed Central

    STARZL, T.

    2010-01-01

    Les transplantations multi-organes, comprenant les blocs foie-duodnum-pancras, foie-estomac-duodnum-pancras, et foie-intestin sont ralises avec un succs croissant Ces techniques et leurs combinaisons varies de transplantation monobloc ne sont pas de pratique courante. Les techniques de prlvement, de conservation et de soins post-opratoires sont dcrites pour la transplantation multi-organes complte ainsi que pour les variantes incompltes. Le problme particulier ce type de transplantation est celui de la transplantation intestinale, cest--dire la transplantation dun organe composante lymphorticulaire complexe ce qui peut provoquer un syndrome greffon contre hte. Par erreur de conception, et un peu par esprit de systme, les efforts par le pass taient dirigs sur la modification et la destruction des systmes lymphorticulaires grce au traitement pralable du donneur ou des organes transplants, par mdicaments, radiation ou autres moyens. Actuellement, Iide directrice est de garder intacte les systmes lymphorticulaires qui deviennent alors le site dune circulation double sens aprs transplantation. Avec la puissante immunodpression que fournit le FK 506, les cellules lymphorticulaires du donneur peuvent circuler chez le receveur sans crer de syndrome du greffon contre hte clinique et les cellules de la greffe sassimilent celles du receveur (chimrisme local) sans provoquer de rejet. Mme si Ion vite le rejet ou le syndrome greffon contre hte, il existe, ct de ces entits, des relations mtaboliques entre les organes greffs ainsi quentre les organes greffs et les viscres du receveur laisss en place, qui peuvent influencer Iavenir soit des organes greffs, soit des organes laisss en place. Parmi les changes mtaboliques les mieux connus actuellement, il y a les facteurs splanchniques hpatotrophes endognes, dont Iinsuline est la mieux tudie. Une meilleure comprhension de ces facteurs, dorigine immunologique ou non immunologique, combins avec la puissante immunodpression dont nous disposons prsent, doit tre une stimulation la transplantation des organes abdominaux et en particulier, des viscres creux qui, jusqu prsent, ont fait obstacle aux efforts des chirurgiens et cliniciens sintressant la transplantation dorganes. PMID:1742622

  1. Critical boiling phenomena observed in microgravity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Garrabos, Y.; Chabot, C.; Wunenburger, R.; Delville, J.-P.; Beysens, D.

    1999-06-01

    We report experimental observations of the critical boiling when co-existing gas and liquid phases of pure fluid are heated under weigthlessness through the critical point. We find that when the system's temperature T is being increased to the critical temperature Tc so that it's slightly out of equilibrium, the apparent contact angle becomes very large (up to 110 circ). The gas appears to "web" the solid surface. In addition, we detect large temperature gradients between the (hot) gas phase and the (cold) liquid phase in the interferometric cell. These unexpected results are robust: they are observed either under continuous heating (ramping) or stepping by positive temperature quenches, for various morphologies of the gas bubble and in different fluids (SF6 and CO2). The difference in isentropic thermal responses of gas and liquid during heating, due to the adiabatic heating by the "Piston Effect", is responsible for the temperature non-homogeneities. The vapour recoil force due to liquid evaporation, which is involved in the boiling crisis in heat exchangers, is presumably at the origin of the interface deformation. Nous rapportons les observations expérimentales obtenues en chaffant un fluide pur diphasique gaz-liquide en coexistence au cours de la traversée de son point critique en absence de pesanteur. Lorsque la température du système diphasique hors d'équilibre est augmentée vers la température critique, nous observons en transmission un angle de contact apparent de la vapeur très important (atteignant 110 circ), le gaz semblant "mouiller" la surface solide. De plus, d'importants gradients de température entre la phase gaz chaude et la phase liquide froide sont mesurés dans les cellules observées par interférométrie. Ces résultats inattendus sont observés pour un chauffage continu (rampe) et par trempe positive (échelon), pour différents rapports d'aspect du système diphasique, pour des cellules de CO2 et de SF6, démontrant ainsi une grande robustesse. Les réponses isentropiques différentes du gaz et du liquide lors du chauffage par effet piston sont certainement responsables des inhomogénéités de température. La force de recul de la vapeur due à l'évaporation pourrait être la cause dominante de la déformation de l'interface liquide-vapeur à l'approche de la température de transition.

  2. Efficacy and safety of neutral pH superoxidised solution in severe diabetic foot infections.

    PubMed

    Martnez-De Jess, Fermn R; Ramos-De la Medina, Antonio; Remes-Troche, Jos Mara; Armstrong, David G; Wu, Stephanie C; Lzaro Martnez, Jose Luis; Beneit-Montesinos, Juan V

    2007-12-01

    The use of antiseptics in wound care is often controversial and there is definitely a need for a non toxic, highly disinfective agent. This study assessed the efficacy of a neutral pH superoxidised aqueous solution (NpHSS) for infection control, odour reduction and surrounding skin and tissue damage on infected diabetic foot ulcerations. From November 2003 to March 2004, 45 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomised into a single-blind clinical trial comparing NpHSS (intervention group; n = 21) versus conventional disinfectant (control group; n = 16). All patients received comprehensive care including surgical debridement as appropriate, moist wound care, intensive glucose control and broad spectrum antibiotics. Treatment groups were matched in terms of sex, age (61.9 +/- 11.9 versus 67.8 +/- 11.6), years of diabetes duration (16.4 +/- 8.1 versus 17 +/- 10.2), obesity, HgAlc (7.1 +/- 2 versus 6.7 +/- 1.8), initial fasting glycaemia (163 +/- 59 versus 152 +/- 65.8 mg/dl), ulcer duration/week (13.7 +/- 24 versus 15.1 +/- 16.3), B/A Index (0.9 +/- 0.5 versus 1.14 +/- 0.7), depth and extent of infection/periwound cellulitis (groups B and C of the Tampico Hospital Classification) as well as aetiology (P = 0.647). Odour reduction was achieved in all NpHSS patients (100% versus 25%; P < 0.01) and surrounding cellulitis diminished (P < 0.001) in 17 patients (80.9% versus 43.7%). Nineteen patients in the NpHSS group showed advancement to granulating tissue stage (90.4% versus 62.5%; P = 0.05) with significantly less tissue toxicity (94% versus 31.2%; P < 0.01). A non toxic, NpHSS, as part of a comprehensive care regimen, may be more efficacious in infection control, odour and erythema reduction than conventional disinfectants in treatment of diabetic foot infections. PMID:17953678

  3. Dynamic Light Scattering from Oriented, Rotating Particles: A Theoretical Study and Comparison to Electrorotation Data

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eppmann, Peter; Gimsa, Jan; Prger, Bernhard; Donath, Edwin

    1996-03-01

    In recent years, electrorotation has developed in the field of biology as a technique for characterization of single cell dielectric properties. Applications to colloidal particles are scarce, although the method provides information on the electrical structure of the particle's interior. The method explores the frequency-dependent polarizability difference of the particles and the suspension medium by using rotating field in the frequency range of 1kHz to 200MHz to induce individual particle rotation. To allow interpretation of the electrorotation spectra measured with light scattering techniques, the theoretical autocorrelation function of light scattered from rotating particles of cylindrical symmetry has been calculated. All particles were assumed to possess a single scattering site and the rotation axes were assumed to be parallel. An appropriate expression for the rotational diffusion around the longitudinal angle was also derived. Diffusion around the azimuthal angle could be neglected. The theoretical result consists of a well structured autocorrelation function. The theoretical limits of particle size and rotation speed that allow detection of electrorotation were explored. Experimental autocorrelation functions from electrorotation of human red blood cells could be explained theoretically when reasonable parameters for the cell's properties were assumed. Ces prcdentes annes, l'lectrorotation a volu comme une technique de caractrisation des attributs dilectriques d'une cellule unique. Il n'y a que peu d'applications pour les particules colloidales, bien que la mthode fournisse de l'information sur la structure lectrique de l'intrieur de la particule. Cette mthode explore la diffrence entre la polarisabilit des particules et du moyen de suspension en utilisant des champs lectriques tournants avec une frquence de 1kHz 200MHz pour induire une rotation individuelle de la particule. Afin de permettre l'interprtation des spectres de l'lectrorotation mesur l'aide des techniques de lumire diffuse, la fonction d'autocorrelation thorique de la lumire diffuse par des particules tournant d'une symtrie cylindrique a t calcule. Nous supposons que toutes les particules ne possdent qu'une cte diffusante et que les axes de rotation sont parallles. Il en drive une expression approprie pour la diffusion rotationnelle autour de l'angle longitudinal. La diffusion des particules autour de l'angle azimutal est neglige. Le rsultat thorique consiste en une fonction d'autocorrelation bien structure. Les limites thoriques de la grandeur de particule ainsi que la vitesse de rotation, qui permettent la dtection de l'lectrorotation, ont t explores. On peut expliquer les fonctions d'autocorrelation exprimentales de l'lectrorotation des cellules rouges du sang humain quand on prsuppose des paramtres raisonnables pour les attributs cellulaires.

  4. Defining parasite biodiversity at high latitudes of North America: new host and geographic records for Onchocerca cervipedis (Nematoda: Onchocercidae) in moose and caribou

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Onchocerca cervipedis is a filarioid nematode of cervids reported from Central America to boreal regions of North America. It is found primarily in subcutaneous tissues of the legs, and is more commonly known as ‘legworm’. Blackflies are intermediate hosts and transmit larvae to ungulates when they blood-feed. In this article we report the first records of O. cervipedis from high latitudes of North America and its occurrence in previously unrecognized host subspecies including the Yukon-Alaska moose (Alces americanus gigas) and the Grant’s caribou (Rangifer tarandus granti). Methods We examined the subcutaneous connective tissues of the metacarpi and/or metatarsi of 34 moose and one caribou for parasitic lesions. Samples were collected from animals killed by subsistence hunters or animals found dead in the Northwest Territories (NT), Canada and Alaska (AK), USA from 2005 to 2012. Genomic DNA lysate was prepared from nematode fragments collected from two moose. The nd5 region of the mitochondrial DNA was amplified by PCR and sequenced. Results Subcutaneous nodules were found in 12 moose from the NT and AK, and one caribou from AK. Nematodes dissected from the lesions were identified as Onchocerca cervipedis based on morphology of female and male specimens. Histopathological findings in moose included cavitating lesions with multifocal granulomatous cellulitis containing intralesional microfilariae and adults, often necrotic and partially mineralized. Lesions in the caribou included periosteitis with chronic cellulitis, eosinophilic and lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, and abundant granulation associated with intralesional adult nematodes and larvae. Sequences of the nd5 region (471bp), the first generated for this species, were deposited with Genbank (JN580791 and JN580792). Representative voucher specimens were deposited in the archives of the United States National Parasite Collection. Conclusions The geographic range of O. cervipedis is broader than previously thought, and extends into subarctic regions of western North America, at least to latitude 66°N. The host range is now recognized to include two additional subspecies: the Yukon-Alaska moose and Grant’s caribou. Accelerated climate change at high latitudes may affect vector dynamics, and consequently the abundance and distribution of O. cervipedis in moose and caribou. Disease outbreaks and mortality events associated with climatic perturbations have been reported for other filarioids, such as Setaria tundra in Fennoscandia, and may become an emerging issue for O. cervipedis in subarctic North America. PMID:23110962

  5. Étude des anomalies chromosomiques après radiothérapie chez des patients traités pour lymphome malin non-Hodgkinien

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mahe, M. A.; André, M. J.; Moyon, E.; Le Mevel, A.; Soubeyran, P.; Hamidou, M.; Milpied, N.; Bourdin, S.; Cuillière, J. C.; Chatal, J. F.

    1998-04-01

    Structural chromosome defects were evaluated in the lymphocytes of 30 patients (pts) who had undergone radiotherapy for non Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Twelve had received 20 Grays (Gy) over the abdomen (group I), 12 whole body irradiation at 1.5 Gy (group II) and 6 whole body irradiation at 15 Gy (group III). A cohort of 468 unirradiated pts served as controls. For the irradiated group, 7% of cells had aberrations compared to 0.4% in controls {P <10-6}. The frequency of abnormal cells was statistically higher in group I (12%) than in group II (3.5%) and III (2.5%) . In group I, frequency of aberrations was statistically higher in pts who had additionnal extra-abdominal involved field irradiation, those with evolutive NHL and those receiving chemotherapy at the time of the cytogenetic analysis. Les aberrations chromosomiques ont ,été, mesurées sur les lymphocytes de 30 patients (pts) irradiés pour lymphome malin non-hodgkinien (LNH) selon 3 modalités : 20 Grays (Gy) sur l'abdomen (groupe I : 12 pts), Irradiation corporelle totale 1,5 Gy (groupe II : 12 pts), ou 15 Gy (groupe III : 6 pts). Une population non irradiée de 468 pts a servi de témoin. Dans le groupe irradié, 7 % des cellules présentaient des anomalies contre 0,4 % dans le groupe témoin {P <10-6}. Les aberrations ,étaient statistiquement plus nombreuses dans le groupe I (12 % des cellules) que dans les groupes II (3,5 %) et III (2,5 %). Dans le groupe I, les anomalies , étaient statistiquement plus fréquentes chez les pts ayant eu une irradiation localisée extra-abdominale en complément de celle de l'abdomen ainsi que chez ceux en rechute de leur LNH et ceux recevant une chimiothérapie lors de l',étude cytogénétique.

  6. A Study on the Acute Kidney Injury in Snake Bite Victims in A Tertiary Care Centre

    PubMed Central

    L, Harshavardhan; A J, Lokesh; H L, Tejeshwari; B R, Halesha; Metri, Siddharama S

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Snake bite is a common medical emergency and an occupational hazard, more so in tropical India, where farming is a major source of employment. Viper bites are more common than other poisonous snakebites in humans. The World Health Organization has estimated that there are approximately 1,25,000 deaths among 2,50,000 poisonous snake bites worldwide every year, of which India accounts for 10,000 deaths. Acute kidney Injury (AKI) is an important consequence of a snake bite and its proper supportive management after the anti-venom administration is of utmost importance, for a good patient outcome. Aims and Objectives: 1. To assess the risk factors and the prognostic factors in snake-bite induced Acute Kidney Injury.2. To determine the outcome of snake bite patients with AKI in a tertiary care centre in Karnataka, India. Methodology: This prospective study was carried out at Vijaynagar Institute of Medical Sciences, Bellary, Karnataka, India. This institute is a referral government hospital in north Karnataka, India. Study Design: This was a prospective and descriptive type of study. Results: A total of 246 cases of venomous snakebite were included in this study, who were admitted in the hospital from November 2007 to October 2008. Among the AKI and the non-AKI patients, Illiteracy was more among the patients who suffered from AKI (75%). In our study, among all the patients (both AKI and non-AKI patients), viper bite was the commonest and it was seen in 31(91.6%) cases among the AKI patients and in 142 (67.6%) cases among the non-AKI patients. In our study, a majority of the patients who developed AKI had initially visited traditional healers before visiting our hospital, which was found to be statistically significant. In the present study, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and intravascular haemolysis were found to be predominant among the AKI patients. The Bite to Needle time was significantly more in the patients who developed AKI as compared to that in those who developed non-AKI. Out of 36 patients who suffered from AKI, 28 (77.7%) patients survived. Among them, 27(96.7%) patients developed cellulitis, 25(89.5%) had regional lymphadenopathy, 22(81.2%) were bitten at their lower limbs, and 6 (23.8%) patients developed bleeding manifestations. Conclusion: This study concludes that acute kidney injury occurs in 14.6% of the victims of snake bite. The common manifestations include cellulitis, bleeding manifestations and gangrene at the site of the bite. PMID:23814727

  7. Further analysis of the analogy between cellular solidification and viscous fingering

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hennenberg, M.; Billia, B.

    1991-01-01

    Neglecting capillarity, the analogy between cellular solidification and viscous fingering is revisited in the limit of small Pclet numbers P_{?}=?/l_s, where ? is the periodicity and l_s the solutal length. Actually, cellular growth also depends on a second Pclet number P_t based on the shift of the tip from the position of the planar front. When P_t is small, the analogy with viscous fingering is legitimate which gives an expression for the tip supersaturation ? which fits nicely with the available experimental data on succinonitrile-acetone alloys. Neverthless, it turns out that P_t is large for real cells which leads us to develop a step-by-step approach, up to the second order in the small parameter P_{?}. At the first order, the Brody-Flemings relation for ? is recovered but in a rigorous way. The second order results in an integral equation for the profile which is explicitly derived for finite amplitude cells. En l'absence de tension de surface et dans la limite des petits nombres de Pclet P_{?}=?/l_s, ou' ? est la priode et l_s la longueur solutale, nous rexaminons l'analogie entre la solidification cellulaire et la digitation visqueuse. En ralit, la croissance cellulaire dpend aussi d'un second nombre de Pclet P_t bas sur le dcalage du sommet par rapport la position de l'interface plane. Lorsque P_t est petit, l'analogie avec la digitation visqueuse s'avre fonde ce qui conduit une expression de la sursaturation au sommet ?, qui est en excellent accord avec les donnes exprimentales disponibles pour les alliages succinonitrile-actone. De fait, il apparat que P_t est grand pour les cellules relles ce qui nous amne dvelopper une approche pas pas, jusqu'au second ordre en le petit paramtre P_{?}. Au premier ordre, nous retrouvons de manire rigoureuse la relation de Brody-Flemings pour ?. Le second ordre aboutit une quation intgrale du profil cellulaire, tablie de manire explicite dans le cas des cellules d'amplitude finie.

  8. Patient considerations in the management of toe onychomycosis – role of efinaconazole

    PubMed Central

    LaSenna, Charlotte E; Tosti, Antonella

    2015-01-01

    Onychomycosis is a difficult diagnosis to manage and treatment is sometimes avoided, as this diagnosis is often wrongly perceived as a cosmetic problem. However, onychomycosis has a negative impact on patients’ quality of life, affecting social interaction, psychological well-being, and physical activities. Onychomycosis is also a risk factor for patients with diabetes, with proven increased rates of cellulitis, gangrene, and foot ulcers. Treatments are only mild to moderately effective, and rates of relapse and reinfection are high. Oral treatments require laboratory monitoring due to risk of hepatotoxicity and may be contraindicated in some patients due to risk of drug–drug interactions. Topical treatments require prolonged application and are not very effective. Efinaconazole 10% solution is a new topical triazole treatment for mild to moderate distal subungual onychomycosis, with good efficacy and without the need for debridement of nails. In onychomycosis of the toenails, efinaconazole 10% solution is documented to have a statistically significant, positive impact on patient satisfaction and quality of life. PMID:26170638

  9. Multiple skin ulcers due to Serratia marcescens in a immunocompetent patient.

    PubMed

    Carlesimo, M; Pennica, A; Muscianese, M; Bottoni, U; Abruzzese, C; Giubettini, M; Pranteda, G; Pranteda, G

    2014-06-01

    Serratia marcescens is a species of gram negative bacillus, classified as a member of the Enterobacteriaceae, mainly involved in opportunistic infections, particulary in the hospital environment. Cutaneous infections have rarely reported in literature and are predominantly observed in elderly or in immunocompromised patients. The clinical manifestations of skin infections include granulomatous lesions, necrotizing fasciitis, nodules, cellulitis, ulcers, dermal abscesses. Infections caused by S. marcescens may be difficult to treat because of resistance to a variety of antibiotics, including ampicillin and first and second generation cephalosporins. Aminoglycosides have good activity against S. marcescens, but resistant strains have also been described. We report a very intriguing case of S. marcescens infection, in an immunocompetent 18-year-old man, causing multiple rounded ulcers of varying sizes, along with few pustular lesions that both clinically and histopathologically mimic a pyoderma gangrenosum (PG). This is a non infectious neutrophilic skin disorder, characterized by painful and rapidly progressing skin ulceration. According to our experience, we would strongly recommend to perform cultures of multiple skin ulcers resembling PG, even in young healthy patients, to ensure correct diagnosis and treatment, since resistant to conventional antibiotics bacteria such as S. marcescens may be the cause of these lesions, like in the case here reported. PMID:24819766

  10. Tumeur neuroendocrine mammaire primitive: à propos d'un cas rare

    PubMed Central

    Laabadi, Kamilia; Jayi, Sofia; El Houari, Aziza; Tawfic, Harmouch; Bouguern, Hakima; Chaara, Hikmat; Melhouf, Abdilah; Amarti, Afaf

    2013-01-01

    Les carcinomes neuroendocrine primitifs du sein sont des tumeurs rares et représentent 2 à 5% des cancers mammaires. Nous rapportons le cas de localisation mammaire chez une patiente de 50 ans. Il s'agit d'une tumeur classée T4d N1 M0. La tumeur est suspecte radiologiquement. Une microbiopsie est réalisée. L’étude anatomopathologique et immunohistochimique est en faveur d'une tumeur neuroendocrine primitive du sein à grande cellules exprimant les récepteurs progestéroniques seulement. Vu le caractère inflammatoire de la tumeur une chimiothérapie est démarrée avec bonne évolution clinique. A la fin de la chimiothérapie on prévoit de réaliser une mastectomie avec curage axillaire et en fonction des résultats définitifs, une radiothérapie. Une hormonothérapie sera envisagée une 2ème étude immunohistochimique sur la pièce de mastectomie. Vu la rareté des carcinomes neuroendocrines mammaires primitifs, il n'existe pas de standard thérapeutique et le pronostic demeure difficile à déterminer. PMID:24772221

  11. Hamartome lipomateux superficiel de Hoffmann-Zurhelle

    PubMed Central

    Krich, Sanaa; Meziane, Mariame; Bouzidi, Hanae; Bouyahyaoui, Youssef; Gallouj, Salim; Bennani, Amal; Moumna, Kaoutar; Harmouch, Taoufik; Amarti, Aafaf; Mernissi, Fatima-Zohra

    2015-01-01

    L'hamartome lipomateux superficiel de Hoffmann-Zurhelle est une tumeur bnigne souvent congnitale. Histologiquement, il est caractris par la prsence htrotopique de cellules adipeuses quelquefois lipoblastiques autour des trajets vasculaires dermiques. Nous rapportons une nouvelle observation de forme multiple rvlation tardive chez une femme ge de 31 ans sans antcdents pathologiques notables qui a t adresse la consultation pour des papules et tumeurs asymptomatiques de couleur chaire se regroupent en placards disposition linaire et zostriforme au niveau de la face externe de la cuisse droite depuis lge de 13 ans, augmentant progressivement de taille. Ltude histologique d'un fragment biopsique avait montr un piderme rgulier, plicatur et kratinisant, soulev par un tissu fibro-adipeux abondant incluant quelques vaisseaux sanguins aux dpens du derme moyen. Ces donnes cliniques et histologiques ont permis de retenir le diagnostic d'hamartome lipomateux superficiel. Une exrse chirurgicale des tumeurs de grande taille a t propose complt par le laser CO2 pour le reste de lsions cutanes. L'hamartome lipomateux superficiel est une lsion bnigne sans potentiel de malignit. L'exrse chirurgicale peut tre propose si la lsion est gnante ou dans un but essentiellement esthtique. PMID:26405467

  12. Seeing is believing: an educational outreach activity on disinfection practices

    PubMed Central

    Mercure, Sarah-Amelie; Tetu, Isabelle; Lamonde, Steeve; Cote, Francoise

    2008-01-01

    Background Skin and soft-tissue infections are very common among persons who inject drugs. They occur when microbes pass under the protective layer of the skin and proliferate. This happens when harm reduction recommendations such as skin aseptia before injection and sterile injection equipment usage are not properly followed. Methods A group of active drug users involved in a health promotion project as peer educators were asked about their formation needs. To address their inquiries concerning skin and soft-tissue infections, we devised with them a series of workshops touching upon common infections, the microflora, and microbial transmission. Results Participants learned to identify common infections and how to properly react in case of an abscess, cellulitis or phlebitis. They saw microscopic objects, found out about the high prevalence of microbes in their environment and on their skin, and could appreciate the efficiency of different washing and disinfection techniques. They visualized how easily microbes can spread from person to person and from contaminated objects to persons. Conclusion In the weeks following this activity, some participants demonstrated and reported healthy behavioural changes regarding their own injection practices. Furthermore, they shared their newfound knowledge and began enforcing its application among people they inject drugs with. Most participants greatly appreciated this activity and valued it as being highly efficient and tangible. Note: A French version of this paper is available on the Journal's web site [see Additional file 1]. PMID:18269745

  13. Approche morphologique de la fragmentation de l'ADN radio-induite par immunomarquage anti-poly (ADP-ribose) polymrase (PARP) : tude de cultures d'oligodendrogliomes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Varlet, P.; Beuvon, F.; Cervera, P.; Averbeck, D.; Daumas-Duport, C.

    1998-04-01

    Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a nuclear enzyme encompassing two zinc finger motifs which specifically binds to radiation induced DNA strand breaks. We develop a new immuno-labelling of poly ADP-ribose which coupled together with the immunodetection of cells in cycle with MIB1, permits to detect and quantify the DNA fragmentation induced by radiations (Cesium137). This method, applied to organotypical cultures of human oligodendroglioma, submitted to radiation, a dose dependant nuclear signal. This one increased significantly in the presence of a radiosensitizer like iododeoxyuridine (IUDR 5 g/ml). This poly ADP-ribose immunodetection can be useful, to detect furtherly the individual radiosensitivity of human glioma. Les protases ICE-like" ou caspases, sont les homologues humaines du produit du gne ced-3 du ver Caenorhabditis elegans et sont actives lors des tapes prcoces de l'apoptose. L'objectif de ce travail vise dterminer dans quelle mesure l'inhibition de l'une d'entre elles, la caspase-3 est susceptible de modifier la sensibilit des cellules vis--vis de l'apoptose radioinduite. Des lymphocytes splniques murins irradis en prsence de Ac-DVED-CHO un inhibiteur spcifique de la caspase-3 prsentent un taux de particules hypodiplodes radioinduites bien infrieur celui des contrles et une diminution drastique de la fragmentation internuclosomale de l'ADN. Toutefois, ni l'externalisation des phospholipides anioniques, autre marqueur spcifique de l'apoptose, ni la viabilit ne sont affectes.

  14. Sodium thiosulfate for the treatment of warfarin-induced calciphylaxis in a nondialysis patient

    PubMed Central

    Carrell, Emily J.; Bell, Allison

    2015-01-01

    Calciphylaxis or uremic arteriolopathy is a complex process typically seen in patients with end-stage renal disease, but has also been reported in patients with normal renal function. However, therapies for calciphylaxis are based on reports of traditional patients (i.e., end-stage renal disease). A mainstay of therapy, sodium thiosulfate (STS), has been shown to be effective for the treatment of calciphylaxis. Without a standardized therapy reported for nondialysis patients there is a need for evidence-based therapy. Here, we report a case of a 63-year-old woman with an acute injury on chronic kidney disease (CrClBaseline = 48 mL/min, CrClAKI = 36 mL/min), not requiring dialysis, with warfarin-induced calciphylaxis. After 4 weeks of therapy with STS, sevelamer, alendronate, and enzymatic debridement the patient subjectively reported slight improvement of the necrotic ulcers but developed cellulitis on her nonaffected limb. Additionally, after 12 weeks of therapy she was readmitted for renal failure and subsequently required dialysis.

  15. Follicular and scarring disorders in skin of color: presentation and management.

    PubMed

    Madu, Pamela; Kundu, Roopal V

    2014-08-01

    Skin of color, also known as ethnic skin, is described as skin of individuals of African, Asian, Hispanic, Native-American, Middle Eastern, and Pacific Island backgrounds. Differences in hair morphology, hair grooming, cultural practices, and susceptibility to keloid scarring exist within these populations and have been implicated in hair, scalp, and skin disorders. Acne keloidalis (AK), central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA), dissecting cellulitis of the scalp (DCS), pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB), traction alopecia (TA), and keloids are the most prevalent follicular and scarring disorders in skin of color. They have been associated with disfigurement, permanent hair loss, emotional distress, and decreased quality of life. Hair grooming practices, such as the use of chemical relaxers, heat straightening, and tight braiding and weaving can cause scalp irritation and follicular damage and are linked to the pathogenesis of some of these conditions. Consequently, patient education and behavior modifications are integral to the prevention and management of these disorders. Scarring disorders are also of concern in ethnic populations. Keloid scarring is more prevalent in individuals of African, Asian, and Hispanic descent. The scarring alopecia CCCA is almost exclusively seen in patients of African descent. Therapeutic regimens such as intralesional corticosteroids, surgical excision, and laser therapy can be effective for these follicular and scarring disorders, but carry a risk of dyspigmentation and keloid scarring. Ethnic skin and hair may present unique challenges to the clinician, and knowledge of these differences is essential to providing quality care. PMID:24820821

  16. Infections requiring hospital readmission following face lift surgery: incidence, treatment, and sequelae.

    PubMed

    LeRoy, J L; Rees, T D; Nolan, W B

    1994-03-01

    This retrospective study evaluates 11 infections requiring hospital readmission following 6166 consecutive face lifts (0.18 percent). Seven patients had surgical drainage of an abscess, and four patients were treated for severe cellulitis, Staphylococcus was the predominant organism in all abscess cultures. Of three patients admitted 3 weeks after surgery, two cultured gram-negative organisms in addition to Staphylococcus. This suggests that all patients should be treated initially with Staphylococcus coverage. If a patient is readmitted more than 1 week postoperatively, gram-negative coverage should be considered, pending culture results. There was no consistent finding regarding past medical history, the use of perioperative antibiotics, surgical equipment used, complexity of the surgical dissection, drains, or hematoma formation. No patients demonstrated systemic signs or grossly abnormal laboratory results on readmission. Eight patients had no sequelae from the infection. Three patients developed scarring that was considered minor by the affected patients. These data support the conclusion that major infections following a face lift are rare occurrences. Standard medical and surgical care, given in a timely fashion, usually results in a satisfactory outcome with minimal morbidity. PMID:8115508

  17. Regional odontodysplasia (Ghost teeth). A case report.

    PubMed

    Kannan, S K; Saraswathi, K

    2001-01-01

    Regional odontodysplasia is a rare development anomaly affecting the teeth with an unknown etiology. This dental abnormality involves the hard tissues of the teeth that are derived from both epithelial (enamel) and mesenchymal (dentine & cementum) components of the tooth forming apparatus. Teeth in a region or quadrant of maxilla or mandible are affected to the extent that they exhibit short roots, wide open apical foramen and large pulp chamber, the thinness and poor mineralisation qualities of th enamel and dentine layers have given rise to a faint radiolucent image, hence the term "Ghost teeth". Both the permanent teeth and the deciduous teeth are affected. Females are more commonly affected than males. There is a maxillary predominance (2.5:1) with a predilection for the anterior teeth. Eruption of the affected teeth is delayed or does not occur. Because of the poor quality of the affected teeth, they cannot be rehabilitated for functional use therefore the treatment of choice is extraction with prosthetic replacement. However, necrosis and facial cellulitis appear to be a complication if these teeth are retained. A unique case of regional odontodysplasia affecting the entire right quadrant of mandible is reported here. PMID:11987665

  18. Primary breast lymphoma presenting as non-healing axillary abscess.

    PubMed

    Anele, Chukwuemeka; Phan, Yih Chyn; Wong, Suanne; Poddar, Anil

    2015-01-01

    A 67-year-old woman with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus with a history consistent with a right axillary abscess, presented to her general practitioner (GP). A diagnosis of folliculitis was made and the GP started a course of flucloxacillin. Despite antibiotics, the patient's symptoms worsened and the abscess increased in size. This prompted her GP to perform an incision and drainage procedure of the abscess. The practice nurse subsequently oversaw the follow-up care of the wound. Two months after the incision and drainage, and after regular wound dressing, the patient was referred to the acute surgical team with a complicated, non-healing right axillary abscess cavity and associated generalised right breast cellulitis. There was no history of breast symptoms prior to the onset of the axillary abscess. The patient underwent wound debridement, washout and application of negative pressure vacuum therapy. Biopsies revealed primary breast lymphoma (B-cell). She underwent radical chemotherapy and is currently in remission. PMID:26446318

  19. Medical management of venous ulcers.

    PubMed

    Pascarella, Luigi; Shortell, Cynthia K

    2015-03-01

    Venous disease is the most common cause of chronic leg ulceration and represents an advanced clinical manifestation of venous insufficiency. Due to their frequency and chronicity, venous ulcers have a high socioeconomic impact, with treatment costs accounting for 1% of the health care budget in Western countries. The evaluation of patients with venous ulcers should include a thorough medical history for prior deep venous thrombosis, assessment for an hypercoagulable state, and a physical examination. Use of the CEAP (clinical, etiology, anatomy, pathophysiology) Classification System and the revised Venous Clinical Severity Scoring System is strongly recommended to characterize disease severity and assess response to treatment. This venous condition requires lifestyle modification, with affected individuals performing daily intervals of leg elevation to control edema; use of elastic compression garments; and moderate physical activity, such as walking wearing below-knee elastic stockings. Meticulous skin care, treatment of dermatitis, and prompt treatment of cellulitis are important aspects of medical management. The pharmacology of chronic venous insufficiency and venous ulcers include essentially two medications: pentoxifylline and phlebotropic agents. The micronized purified flavonoid fraction is an effective adjunct to compression therapy in patients with large, chronic ulceration. PMID:26358306

  20. Relapsing polychondritis with different types of ocular inflammations

    PubMed Central

    Furuya, Nana; Oshitari, Toshiyuki; Yotsukura, Jiro; Baba, Takayuki; Yamamoto, Shuichi

    2015-01-01

    We were presented with two cases of relapsing polychondritis (RP) associated with different types of ocular inflammation. The first case was a 35-year-old man who had bilateral hyperemic conjunctiva and ocular pain, and was referred to Chiba University Hospital with a diagnosis of episcleritis refractory. He was treated with dexamethasone eye drops. He developed tinnitus, deafness in both ears, and left auriculitis. A left auricular biopsy showed an infiltration of lymphocytes surrounding the cartilage. He was diagnosed with RP and treated with 30 mg/day oral prednisolone. After tapering the prednisolone, the scleritis in both eyes improved. The second case was a 71-year-old man who was deaf in both ears and had bilateral scleritis. At the first visit to our hospital, his left eyelid and right auricula were reddish and swollen, and he reported some pain. He was treated with intravenous antibiotics, and the left orbital cellulitis quickly improved. However, he developed right scleritis and left gonitis. Magnetic resonance imaging showed bilateral posterior scleritis and right auricular perichondritis. Auricular biopsy showed an infiltration of lymphocytes into the periauricular tissue. He was diagnosed with RP, and 40 mg/day oral prednisolone was given and his symptoms improved. Although RP is rare, it is a life-threatening disease. Thus, ophthalmologists should consider RP in patients with both ocular and auricular inflammation. PMID:26425107

  1. Mthode de prdtermination des caractristiques lectromagntiques de machines bobinage global commutation de flux. Application un actionneur linaire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prevond, L.; Ben Ahmed, A.; Multon, B.; Lucidarme, J.

    1997-06-01

    This paper presents a predetermination method of Permanent Magnet (P.M.) multicellular flux switching machines. The non-linear characteristic of the ferromagnetic material is integrated in this method which combines analytical and numerical calculus. This study permits to make a fast parametrical analysis to define optimal parameters of a flux switching cell such as magnetic shear stress and flux concentration factor as function of magnetomotive force. The demagnetisation limit is introduced by a finite element calculus applied. The comparison of the theoritical results and experimental one gives a good correlation. Cet article prsente une mthode de prdtermination des caractristiques de machines multicellulaires (bobinage global) commutation de flux (aimants permanents) en tenant compte de la non linarit des matriaux ferromagntiques. Cette mthode allie le calcul numrique par lments finis et le calcul analytique. Cette tude nous a permis, d'une part, d'effectuer une analyse paramtrique intrinsque et, d'autre part, de dfinir les paramtres optimaux de la cellule commutation de flux. La notion de dsaimantation est introduite en calculant le champ dmagntisant dans l'aimant. Les calculs effectus, dans le cas d'un actionneur linaire cmmutation de flux, montrent une bonne corrlation avec les essais directs.

  2. Outcomes of Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy in Hospitalized Patients at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Turkey

    PubMed Central

    Gundogan, Kursat; Yurci, Alper M.; Coskun, Ramazan; Baskol, Mevlut; Gursoy, Sebnem; Hebbar, Gautam; Sungur, Murat; Ziegler, Thomas R.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND / OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to perform a retrospective analysis characterizing patients receiving tube feeding following percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy ( PEG) tube placement between 2004 and 2012 at Erciyes University Hospital in Turkey. METHODS Patients above the age of 18 years, who required long term enteral tube feeding were studied. All PEGs were performed using the pull-through technique by one experienced endoscopist Demographic, clinical outcomes, and PEG-related complication data were collected. RESULTS Of the 128 subjects studied, 91 were male (71%) and 37 were female (29%). The mean age of this patient population was 5419 years. The most common reason for PEG tube insertion was inability to consume oral diet due to complications of cerebrovascular disease (CVD; 27%), while cerebral hypoxia, occuring after non-neurological medical disorders, was the second most common indication (23%). A total of 70 patients (55%) had chronic comorbidities, with hypertension the most common (20%). The most common procedure related complication was insertion site bleeding, which occurred in 4 % of patients. Long term complications, during one year were insertion site cellulitis, gastric contents leakage, and peristomal ulceration occurred in 14%, 5%, and 0.5% of patients, respectively. There were no PEG insertion-related mortalities; one-year mortality was unrelated to the indication for PEG tube insertion. CONCLUSIONS PEG tube insertion was a safe method to provide enteral access for nutrition support in this hospitalized patient population. PMID:24518749

  3. Georges Marinesco (1863-1938): neurologist, neurohistologist and neuropathologist.

    PubMed

    Catala, M; Poirier, J

    2012-01-01

    Gheorghe Marinescu (Georges Marinesco, in French) is a Romanian physician, founder of the School of Neurology in that country. He begins his medical studies in Bucharest, then has the opportunity to reach Paris and join the School of Neurology in La Salptrire Hospital, lead by Jean-Martin Charcot. This trip will forever imprint the mind of Marinescu, a great friend of France, a respectful student of Charcot and a friendly colleague of many Parisian neurologists. Marinescu's works are multiple and very important. He describes the succulent hand in syringomyelia and the palmar-jaw reflex. Marinescu is also one of the first to use the cinema for medical purposes. His work as an anatomo-clinician, a method developed by Charcot, is important. We denote the description of the locus niger affected by tuberculosis in a case of parkinsonism (this description paving Etienne Brissaud's way to highlight the anatomical origin of Parkinson's disease), the original clinical description of Marinesco-Sjgren syndrome, and that of medullomyoblastoma. Marinescu is also a famous neurocytologist as evidenced by his work, La Cellule Nerveuse, published in 1909. The first volume of the book is devoted to the aspects of the normal nervous tissue: the neurofibrillar network, the chromatophilic elements, and the paranucleolar corpuscles (now known as Marinescu's bodies). The second volume of the book is almost related to features revealed by experimental lesions: chromatolysis and neuronophagia. Furthermore, Marinescu describes with Oscar Blocq, small nodules than are now regarded as the first description of senile plaques. PMID:23303009

  4. Scald Burns From Hair Braiding.

    PubMed

    Meizoso, Jonathan P; Ramaley, Stephen R; Ray, Juliet J; Allen, Casey J; Guarch, Gerardo A; Varas, Robin; Teisch, Laura F; Pizano, Louis R; Schulman, Carl I; Namias, Nicholas

    2016-01-01

    Only one previous case report has described scald burns secondary to hair braiding in pediatric patients. The present case study is the largest to date of scald burns as a result of hair braiding in children and adults. Charts of all 1609 female patients seen at a single burn center from 2008 to 2014 were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients with scald burns attributed to hair braiding. Demographics, injury severity, injury patterns, and complications were analyzed. Twenty-six patients (1.6%) had scald burns secondary to hair braiding with median TBSA 3%. Eighty-five percent of patients were pediatric with median age 8 years. Injury patterns were as follows: back (62%), shoulder (31%), chest (15%), buttocks (15%), abdomen (12%), arms (12%), neck (12%), and legs (4%). No patients required operative intervention. Three patients were admitted to the hospital. Two patients required time off from school for 6 and 10 days post burn for recovery. Complications included functional limitations (n = 2), hypertrophic scarring (n = 1), cellulitis requiring antibiotics (n = 1), and anxiety requiring medical/psychological therapy (n = 2). This peculiar mechanism of injury not only carries inherent morbidity that includes the risks of functional limitations, infection, and psychological repercussions but also increases usage of resources through hospital admissions and multiple clinic visits. Further work in the form of targeted outreach programs is necessary to educate the community regarding this preventable mechanism of injury. PMID:26594857

  5. Modlisation d'un transformateur shunts magntiques utilis dans l'alimentation H.T. d'un gnrateur micro-ondes magntron

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chraygane, Mohamed; Teissier, Maurice; Jammal, Ahmad; Masson, Jean-Pierre

    1994-11-01

    The high voltage power supply for magnetron, used for the modular microwave generators in industrial applications, is of a classical design : a single phase leakage flux transformer supplying a cell, composed of a capacitor and a diode, which multiplies the voltage and stabilizes the current. A ? model of this transformer is developed, taking the saturation phenomena and the stabilization process of the magnetron current into account. Three inductances are characterized by the non linear relations between flux and magnetizing current. This model was tested by E.M.T.P. software (Electro-Magnetic Transients Program), near the nominal state. The theoretical results were compared to experimental measurements with a good agreement. L'alimentation haute tension des magntrons, utiliss comme source d'nergie microondes dans l'industrie, est de conception classique : un transformateur monophas fuites magntiques alimentant une cellule doubleuse de tension et stabilisatrice de courant. Un schma quivalent en ? du transformateur est prsent, prenant en compte la saturation des diffrentes parties du fer et la stabilisation du courant du magntron. Trois inductances sont caractrises par les relations non linaires entre flux et courant magntisant. Ce modle a t test l'aide du logiciel de calcul E.M.T.P. (Electro-Magnetic Transients Program), au voisinage du rgime nominal. Les rsultats thoriques, compars aux mesures exprimentales, se trouvent en bon accord avec elles.

  6. Off-label use of TNF-alpha inhibitors in a dermatological university department: retrospective evaluation of 118 patients.

    PubMed

    Sand, Freja Lrke; Thomsen, Simon Francis

    2015-01-01

    Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF)-alpha inhibitors are licensed for patients with severe refractory psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. However, TNF-alpha inhibitors have also been used off-label for various recalcitrant mucocutaneous diseases. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TNF-alpha inhibitors used for off-label dermatological indications. We retrospectively evaluated patient records of 118 patients treated off-label with TNF-alpha inhibitors in a dermatological university department. Patients presented with severe aphthous stomatitis/genital aphthous lesions (26), chronic urticaria (25), hidradenitis suppurativa (29), acne conglobata (11), dissecting cellulitis of the scalp (two), orofacial granulomatosis (four), sarcoidosis (four), granuloma annulare (two), granulomatous rosacea (one), granuloma faciale (one), subcorneal pustulosis (one), pyoderma gangrenosum (four), Sweet's syndrome (four), Well's syndrome (one), benign familial pemphigus (one), lichen planus (one), and folliculitis decalvans (one). A significant number of these patients went into remission during therapy with TNF-alpha inhibitors. A total of 11 patients (9%) experienced severe adverse effects during therapy. Off-label therapy with TNF-alpha inhibitors may be considered for selected patients with severe recalcitrant mucocutaneous diseases. The risk of severe adverse effects signals that a thorough benefit-risk assessment should be performed before initiating off-label treatment with TNF-alpha inhibitors for these conditions. PMID:25731720

  7. Transvaginal Sacrospinous Ligament Fixation for Pelvic Organ Prolapse Stage III and Stage IV Uterovaginal and Vault Prolapse

    PubMed Central

    Gupta, Pratiksha

    2015-01-01

    The result of transvaginal sacrospinous ligament fixation technique, as part of the vaginal repair procedure for massive uterovaginal (Pelvic Organ Prolapse stage III and stage IV and vault prolapse) is evaluated. A total of 32 women were included in the present case series. Marked uterovaginal prolapse was present in 28 women and four had vault prolapse following hysterectomy. Patients with vault prolapse and marked uterovaginal prolapse underwent sacrospinous colpopexy. The mean follow-up period was 2.5 years. Out of the 28 patients with previous marked uterovaginal prolapse, only one had small cystocele 3 years after the surgery. This patient was asymptomatic and did not require repeat surgery. One woman had post-operative urinary tract infection and two had buttock discomfort, one had ischiorectal abscess and two had cuff cellulitis. All complications were dealt with successfully. No other major intra- and post-operative complications occurred. Transvaginal sacrospinous colpopexy can be performed together with vaginal hysterectomy, with marked uterovaginal prolapse and vault prolapse. PMID:25648154

  8. [Case of prostate cancer associated with bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw followed by retropharyngeal abscess].

    TOXLINE Toxicology Bibliographic Information

    Soda T; Fukumoto R; Hayashi T; Oka D; Fujimoto N; Koide T

    2013-09-01

    A 67-year-old man with castration-resistant prostate cancer associated with multiple bone metastases had been treated with zoledronic acid and docetaxel. Although there was no evidence of damage around the right lower jaw bone, the patient complained of pain in May 2011, which worsened during the next 2 weeks and was followed by difficulty with breathing. Computed tomographic (CT) findings of the cervical area showed swelling of the cervical tissue with air and tightening of the trachea, suggesting cellulitis caused by gas gangrene. He was intubated and treated with antibiotics. On the 12th hospital day, CT scan revealed a pharyngeal abscess and we performed a drainage operation. On the 20th hospital day, bone of the intraoral lower jaw was exposed, revealing that the infection was caused by osteonecrosis. Additional CT findings showed the abscess extending to the mediastinum and multiple liver metastases. Although antibiotic therapy was continued, the patient died of liver failure on the 61st day.

  9. Diagnosis and successful treatment of fusariosis in the compromised host.

    PubMed

    Merz, W G; Karp, J E; Hoagland, M; Jett-Goheen, M; Junkins, J M; Hood, A F

    1988-11-01

    We present six cases of fusariosis caused by Fusarium solani that were diagnosed over a three-year period in 166 adult patients undergoing chemotherapy for acute leukemia. Necrotic skin lesions were evident in four patients, fungemia in three, and a deep cellulitis around a great toe nail at the time of a febrile illness in two. The mean minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of amphotericin B was 3.3 micrograms/mL and of miconazole, 5.3 micrograms/mL; all isolates were resistant to 5-fluorocytosine. All patients received amphotericin B (1.0-1.5 mg/kg per d) plus 5-fluorocytosine. In contrast to results found in the literature, five patients had resolution of their infections, and the one patient who died had necropsy evidence of disseminated fusariosis. Review of our cases and of the literature did not reveal a definitive source for the organism or its portal of entry. Fusarium spp. must be recognized as opportunistic pathogens that cause a potentially fatal infection in compromised patients. PMID:3053920

  10. Patient considerations in the management of toe onychomycosis - role of efinaconazole.

    PubMed

    LaSenna, Charlotte E; Tosti, Antonella

    2015-01-01

    Onychomycosis is a difficult diagnosis to manage and treatment is sometimes avoided, as this diagnosis is often wrongly perceived as a cosmetic problem. However, onychomycosis has a negative impact on patients' quality of life, affecting social interaction, psychological well-being, and physical activities. Onychomycosis is also a risk factor for patients with diabetes, with proven increased rates of cellulitis, gangrene, and foot ulcers. Treatments are only mild to moderately effective, and rates of relapse and reinfection are high. Oral treatments require laboratory monitoring due to risk of hepatotoxicity and may be contraindicated in some patients due to risk of drug-drug interactions. Topical treatments require prolonged application and are not very effective. Efinaconazole 10% solution is a new topical triazole treatment for mild to moderate distal subungual onychomycosis, with good efficacy and without the need for debridement of nails. In onychomycosis of the toenails, efinaconazole 10% solution is documented to have a statistically significant, positive impact on patient satisfaction and quality of life. PMID:26170638

  11. Flight and Wind-tunnel Tests of an XBM-1 Dive Bomber

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Donely, Philip; Pearson, Henry A

    1938-01-01

    Results are given of pressure-distribution measurements made in flight over the right wing cellule and the right half of the horizontal tail surfaces of a dive-bombing biplane. Simultaneous measurements were also taken of the air speed, control-surface positions, control forces, and normal accelerations during various abrupt maneuvers in vertical plane. These maneuvers consisted of push-downs and pull-ups from level flight, dives and dive pull-ups from inverted flight. Besides the pressure measurements, flight tests were made to obtain (1) wing-fabric deflections during dives and (2) variation of the minimum drag coefficient with Reynolds Number. Supplementary tests were also done in the full-scale wind tunnel to obtain the characteristics of the airplane under various propeller conditions and with various tail settings. The results indicate that: (1) by increasing the fabric deflection between pressure ribs, the span load distribution was considerably modified near the center and the wing moment relations were changed; and (2) the minimum drag was less for the idling propeller than for the propeller locked in a vertical position. The value of C(sub D sub min) was equal to K(Reynolds Number)(exp -0.03) for a range from 2,800,000 to 13,100,000.

  12. Imaging findings in mandibular primitive neuroectodermal tumour: a report of a rare case and review of the literature

    PubMed Central

    Yeh, C H; Yeow, K M; Chu, S Y; Pan, K T; Hung, C F; Hsueh, S; Su, I H

    2011-01-01

    Primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNETs) are aggressive undifferentiated tumours that occur mainly in the central nervous system (CNS). Reviewing the literature, only six cases of primary PNET of the mandible have been reported. These rare tumours are usually overlooked in clinical practice. An 18-year-old woman who presented with dental caries and left cheek swelling was initially diagnosed with facial cellulitis, but the swelling persisted despite adequate intravenous antibiotic therapy. Subsequent ultrasound and MR examinations revealed a tumour originating from the left mandibular ramus. The ultrasonography-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of peripheral PNET. The radiographic features of mandibular PNETs are similar to those of PNETs in other regions, except for haemorrhage, necrosis and calcification. In addition, this is the first reported case with sonographic and MR images of this rare tumour, and the first case that was diagnosed based on the ultrasonography-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy. Using these image characteristics, mandibular PNETs can be diagnosed more accurately. PMID:21960404

  13. Moist wound healing under a vapor permeable membrane.

    PubMed

    Alper, J C; Welch, E A; Ginsberg, M; Bogaars, H; Maguire, P

    1983-03-01

    Ten ambulatory patients with unilateral and eight with bilateral ulcers of various etiologies were studied to determine the effects of keeping a wound bed moist under a water vapor and oxygen permeable membrane (VPM). In the bilateral group, VPM healing was compared with a debriding enzyme ointment and 10% benzoyl peroxide in the same patient. The faster healing rate with VPM was compared to the healing rate with control substances by the paired t test, with significance at less than 0.05 level. In the unilateral group two patients with ulcers to bone or joint capsule and one patient who had failed grafting healed without surgery. Two patients failed to heal with the VPM. All healing occurred in the face of gross bacterial contamination. Three patients treated with VPM developed cellulitis. Wound healing under a vapor permeable membrane occurs with an increase of the average healing rate by a factor of 2.6 when compared to control substances in ambulatory patients. PMID:6833534

  14. Noninvasive evaluation of the swollen extremity: Experiences with 190 lymphoscintigraphic examinations

    SciTech Connect

    Gloviczki, P.; Calcagno, D.; Schirger, A.; Pairolero, P.C.; Cherry, K.J.; Hallett, J.W.; Wahner, H.W.

    1989-05-01

    Lymphoscintigraphy (LS), performed with technetium 99m-labeled antimony trisulfide colloid, was used as a noninvasive diagnostic examination to evaluate the lymphatic circulation in 190 extremities of 115 patients. Forty-six patients had primary lymphedema, 48 had secondary lymphedema, and 21 patients had other causes of limb swelling. To determine the value of LS in surgical decision making, preoperative and postoperative LS of 16 patients who underwent surgical repair of the lymphatic abnormality were studied separately. Semiquantitative evaluation of the lymphatic drainage and visual interpretation of the image patterns were reliable to differentiate lymphedema from edemas of other origin (sensitivity: 92%, specificity: 100%). Although certain image patterns were characteristic of either primary or secondary lymphedema, LS could not consistently differentiate between the two types. Episodes of cellulitis in lymphedema clearly delayed lymph transport. LS was helpful in patient selection and follow-up after lymphatic surgery, but it did not prove patency of lymphovenous anastomoses. It was diagnostic in the evaluation of lymphangiectasia and was used to document successful surgical treatment of reflux of chyle. LS is safe and reliable and has no side effects. It should replace contrast lymphangiography in the routine evaluation of the swollen extremity.

  15. Hair loss in patients with skin of color.

    PubMed

    Semble, Ashley L; McMichael, Amy J

    2015-06-01

    Hair loss in skin of color patients can vary from the very simplest of diagnoses to a unique diagnostic challenge requiring extensive knowledge of historical symptoms, haircare practices, and previous treatments. There are several disorders in the literature that are noted to be more common in patients of African descent as compared to Caucasian populations. These disorders include central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia, dissecting cellulitis, discoid lesions of lupus erythematosus, traction alopecia, seborrheic dermatitis, and hair breakage. While there is no definitive prevalence data for the various forms of hair loss in the skin of color population, it is clear that these disorders are a concern for many patients in this population along with common hair loss concerns, such as telogen effluvium and pattern hair loss. A careful detailed clinical examination, history, and potential histopathology will guide the clinician to appropriate management. Hair disorders in skin of color patients may present unique challenges to the clinician, and knowledge of accurate clinical presentation and treatment approaches is essential to providing quality care. PMID:26176285

  16. Silicone-induced Granuloma After Buttock Augmentation.

    PubMed

    Singh, Mansher; Solomon, Isaac H; Calderwood, Michael S; Talbot, Simon G

    2016-02-01

    Liquid silicone is inexpensive, minimally antigenic, and likely noncarcinogenic. Its simplicity of use has made it popular as a soft-tissue filler in some parts of the world for patients seeking rapid soft-tissue augmentation of the face, breast, and buttocks. However, multiple reports describe the complications of silicone injections such as cellulitis, abscess, ulceration, and foreign body migration. We present an unusual complication of granulomatous reaction secondary to silicone injection for buttock augmentation, with a literature review of this entity and treatment options. Our patient was a 54-year-old woman who underwent bilateral buttock augmentation in the Dominican Republic using percutaneous injection of liquid silicone. She presented to our facility 1 year after this procedure with pain and inflammation of both buttocks. She was diagnosed with multiple silicone granulomas. Her symptoms completely resolved with a 3-week course of minocycline. Granulomatous reactions to silicone may occur months to years after the silicone injection. The incidence of such complications may be increased when nonmedical-grade silicone is used, and hence, when these procedures are performed in developing countries. Tetracycline antibiotics, especially minocycline, may be used to achieve sustained remission. PMID:27014553

  17. The role of primary care prescribers in the diagnosis and management of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus skin and soft tissue infections.

    PubMed

    Lawrence, Kenneth R; Golik, Monica V; Davidson, Lisa

    2009-01-01

    Nosocomial infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus were first reported in the United States in the early 1960s. Beginning in the 1990s, healthy individuals from the community with no risk factors for resistant bacteria began presenting with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections, acquiring the name "community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus" (CA-MRSA). CA-MRSA has a tendency to affect the skin and skin structures, generally in the form of abscesses and furuncles, carbuncles, and cellulitis. Cases of invasive infections including bacteremia, endocarditis, and necrotizing pneumonia have also been reported. A patient complaint of a "spider bite" is frequently associated with CA-MRSA. CA-MRSA and the traditional health care-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus are distinguished by their genetic composition, virulence factors, and susceptibility patterns to non-beta-lactam antibiotics. Appropriate management of CA-MRSA skin and skin structure infections includes incision and drainage of infected tissue and appropriate antimicrobial therapy. It has been suggested that when prevalence of CA-MRSA within a community eclipses 10%-15%, empiric use of non-beta-lactam antibiotics with in vitro activity against CA-MRSA be initiated when treating skin and skin structure infections. CA-MRSA retains susceptibility to a range of older antibiotics available in oral formulations such as minocycline, doxycycline, sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, moxifloxacin, levofloxacin, and clindamycin. Local susceptibility patterns and individual patient factors should guide the selection of antibiotics. PMID:19617720

  18. Schwannome cervical du nerf vague: Stratgies diagnostique et thrapeutique

    PubMed Central

    Benmansour, Najib; Elfadl, Yasine; Bennani, Amal; Maaroufi, Mustapha; Chbani, Leila; Amarti, Afaf; Tizniti, Siham; Elalami, Mohamed Noureddine

    2013-01-01

    Les schwannomes cervicaux sont des tumeurs bnignes des nerfs priphriques dveloppes exclusivement partir des cellules de Schwann. L'atteinte du nerf vague cervical est relativement rare, et les auteurs en rappellent, partir d'un cas, les signes radiologiques vocateurs ainsi que les caractristiques histologiques. Le traitement de ces tumeurs est chirurgical. Un patient de 32 ans consultait pour une masse latro-cervicale suprieure droite isole, voluant depuis trois ans. Une imagerie mdicale (TDM et IRM) cervicale mettait en vidence une masse vascularise au temps retard, refoulant la veine jugulaire interne en dehors et l'axe carotidien en dedans. Un examen cytologique non contributif conduisait raliser une exrse chirurgicale extracapsulaire de la masse par voie de cervicotomie. Il s'agissait d'une tumeur rtro-jugulo-carotidienne dveloppe aux dpens du nerf vague cervical droit. L'analyse histologique concluait un schwannome. Les suites opratoires taient simples. Le schwannome du nerf vague est une tumeur bnigne rare, qui doit tre voque devant toute masse latrocervicale isole. L'imagerie mdicale (TDM et IRM) cervicale propratoire reprsente les examens de choix indispensable pour voquer le diagnostic. Le traitement est chirurgical, afin de confirmer le diagnostic histologique. L'exrse chirurgical complte extracapsulaire est possible et est le seul garant de la non rcidive. PMID:23646212

  19. [Septic thrombosis of the cavernous sinus complicated by intracerebral hemorrhage].

    PubMed

    Doroszewska, Grazyna; Winiarski, Piotr; Zmudziński, Aleksander; Wrzesiński, Witold

    2005-01-01

    A case of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis in 41 year old men is described. One week prior to hospitalisation he had an influenza infection. During influenza nose furunculus, labial herpes and viral left otitis media with facial nerve paresis occurred. Patient manipulated furunculus nasi. On admission to hospital he complained of severe hedeache, left ear pain and left visual loss. He had left orbital cellulitis with immobile eyeball, the left part of the face, neck and throat were swollen. Lumbar puncture showed cerebrospinal fluid containing protein 156 mg/dl, glucose 94 mg/dl, and 5888 polymorphonuclear cells. Cranial CT scan showed left exophatlmos with periorbital swelling, left ethmoid sinusitis, and probable thrombosis of cerebral vessels. Involvement of the right eye appeared after two days. He was treated with high dose of antibiotics, steroids and anticoagulants. After four days in the control cranial CT scan two focus of intracerebral hemorrhage were found in the frontal lobe. We excluded anticoagulants from the therapy. The patients improved slowly and he was discharged after 22 days of hospitalisation with the left abducent and facial nerve paresis. PMID:16521456

  20. Silicone-induced Granuloma After Buttock Augmentation

    PubMed Central

    Singh, Mansher; Solomon, Isaac H.; Calderwood, Michael S.

    2016-01-01

    Summary: Liquid silicone is inexpensive, minimally antigenic, and likely noncarcinogenic. Its simplicity of use has made it popular as a soft-tissue filler in some parts of the world for patients seeking rapid soft-tissue augmentation of the face, breast, and buttocks. However, multiple reports describe the complications of silicone injections such as cellulitis, abscess, ulceration, and foreign body migration. We present an unusual complication of granulomatous reaction secondary to silicone injection for buttock augmentation, with a literature review of this entity and treatment options. Our patient was a 54-year-old woman who underwent bilateral buttock augmentation in the Dominican Republic using percutaneous injection of liquid silicone. She presented to our facility 1 year after this procedure with pain and inflammation of both buttocks. She was diagnosed with multiple silicone granulomas. Her symptoms completely resolved with a 3-week course of minocycline. Granulomatous reactions to silicone may occur months to years after the silicone injection. The incidence of such complications may be increased when nonmedical-grade silicone is used, and hence, when these procedures are performed in developing countries. Tetracycline antibiotics, especially minocycline, may be used to achieve sustained remission. PMID:27014553

  1. Transilluminated powered phlebectomy surgery for varicose veins: a review of 339 consecutive patients.

    PubMed

    Franz, Randall W; Knapp, Eric D

    2009-01-01

    Transilluminated powered phlebectomy (TIPP) is a promising alternative to traditional ambulatory phlebectomy procedures. This retrospective review of 339 patients represents the senior author's first consecutive series of 400 cases performed using TIPP for the treatment of varicose veins in a 6-year period. Patients were followed for 12 weeks postoperatively. Data analyzed included operative time, intraoperative complications, stab incision ranges, postoperative complications, and patient satisfaction. The mean operative time was 19.7 minutes, and 246 (61.5%) cases involved 10 to 20 incisions. Postoperative complications included an episode of symptomatic deep vein thrombosis in one (0.3%) patient, excessive or hypertrophic scarring in two (0.6%) patients, discoloration of the lower extremity skin due to hemosiderin staining in eight (2.3%) patients, and cellulitis in one (0.3%) patient. No recurrences were observed at a follow-up of 12 weeks. Three hundred thirty-eight (99.7%) patients reported good outcomes and were satisfied with the procedure. This review by an individual surgeon is beneficial in analyzing the outcomes and complications associated with TIPP, as a standard protocol was followed and an adequate volume was performed to advance past the learning curve associated with the technique. When concomitant saphenous vein incompetence is present, staged treatment of varicosities with TIPP after endovenous laser ablation is recommended. With proper training and experience, utilization of TIPP with a lower oscillation frequency and secondary tumescence results in good outcome and high patient satisfaction. PMID:18774685

  2. Which Dermatological Conditions Present to an Emergency Department in Australia?

    PubMed Central

    Weiland, Tracey J.; Chong, Alvin H.; Jelinek, George A.

    2014-01-01

    Background/Objectives. There is minimal data available on the types of dermatological conditions which present to tertiary emergency departments (ED). We analysed demographic and clinical features of dermatological presentations to an Australian adult ED. Methods. The St. Vincent's Hospital Melbourne (SVHM) ED database was searched for dermatological presentations between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2011 by keywords and ICD-10 diagnosis codes. The lists were merged, and the ICD-10 codes were grouped into 55 categories for analysis. Demographic and clinical data for these presentations were then analysed. Results. 123?345 people presented to SVHM ED during the 3-year period. 4817 (3.9%) presented for a primarily dermatological complaint. The most common conditions by ICD-10 diagnosis code were cellulitis (n = 1741, 36.1%), allergy with skin involvement (n = 939, 19.5%), boils/furuncles/pilonidal sinuses (n = 526, 11.1%), eczema/dermatitis (n = 274, 5.7%), and varicella zoster infection (n = 161, 3.3%). Conclusion. The burden of dermatological disease presenting to ED is small but not insignificant. This information may assist in designing dermatological curricula for hospital clinicians and specialty training organisations as well as informing the allocation of dermatological resources to ED. PMID:24800080

  3. Critical analysis of Strattice performance in complex abdominal wall reconstruction: intermediate-risk patients and early complications.

    PubMed

    Patel, Ketan M; Albino, Frank P; Nahabedian, Maurice Y; Bhanot, Parag

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the performance of a porcine-derived acellular dermal matrix (Strattice Reconstructive Tissue Matrix) in patients at increased risk for perioperative complications. We reviewed medical records for patients with complex abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR) and Strattice underlay from 2007 to 2010. Intermediate-risk patients were defined as having multiple comorbidities without abdominal infection. Forty-one patients met the inclusion criteria (mean age, 60 years; mean body mass index, 35.5 kg/m(2)). Comorbidities included coronary artery disease (63.4%), diabetes mellitus (36.6%), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (17.1%). Fascial closure was achieved in 40 patients (97.6%). Average hospitalization was 6.4 days (range, 1-24 days). Complications included seroma (7.3%), wound dehiscence with Strattice exposure (4.9%), cellulitis (2.4%), and hematoma (2.4%). All patients achieved abdominal wall closure with no recurrent hernias or need for Strattice removal. Patients with multiple comorbidities at intermediate risk of postoperative complications can achieve successful, safe AWR with Strattice. PMID:24229027

  4. Tungiasis presenting as a soft tissue oral lesion

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The sand flea Tunga penetrans usually infects the feet and affects primary school-age children and elderly persons in rural Uganda. Tungiasis occurs nationwide but disease outbreaks have been reported in the Busoga sub-Region of eastern Uganda, associated with poor sanitation and proximity between humans and domestic animals. Ectopic tungiasis, usually seen with extensive infection and at weight-bearing body surfaces often follows exposure in highly infested environments. For patients who present abroad treatment may be surgical excision or amputation. Case presentation An adult female Musoga by tribe, resident in a Kampala City suburb presented at Mulago National Referral and Teaching Hospital’s Oral Surgery and Jaw Injuries Unit with a discoloured swollen tongue, facial cellulitis and submandibular lymphadenopathy. A swelling palpable in the body of her tongue was excised and sent for histology. Tungiasis of the tongue was diagnosed after microscopic examination of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded Haematoxylin and Eosin-stained tissue sections. Conclusion Lingual tungiasis is a rare diagnosis that was made on histological examination. Atypical presentation outside an endemic area predisposed the patient to partial glossectomy instead of the less invasive flea enucleation. Ectopic disease in a city-resident highlights the plight not only of visitors to infested areas but also of the communities and their domestic animals. PMID:25186303

  5. Molecular Characterization of Invasive Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis, Japan.

    PubMed

    Wajima, Takeaki; Morozumi, Miyuki; Hanada, Shigeo; Sunaoshi, Katsuhiko; Chiba, Naoko; Iwata, Satoshi; Ubukata, Kimiko

    2016-02-01

    We collected ?-hemolytic streptococci (1,611 isolates) from patients with invasive streptococcal infections in Japan during April 2010-March 2013. Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (SDSE) was most common (n = 693); 99% of patients with SDSE infections were elderly (mean age 75 years, SD 15 years). We aimed to clarify molecular and epidemiologic characteristics of SDSE isolates and features of patient infections. Bacteremia with no identified focus of origin and cellulitis were the most prevalent manifestations; otherwise, clinical manifestations resembled those of S. pyogenes infections. Clinical manifestations also differed by patient's age. SDSE isolates were classified into 34 emm types; stG6792 was most prevalent (27.1%), followed by stG485 and stG245. Mortality rates did not differ according to emm types. Multilocus sequence typing identified 46 sequence types and 12 novel types. Types possessing macrolide- and quinolone-resistance genes were 18.4% and 2.6%, respectively; none showed ?-lactam resistance. Among aging populations, invasive SDSE infections are an increasing risk. PMID:26760778

  6. Lionfish string experiences of an inland poison center: a retrospective study of 23 cases.

    PubMed

    Trestrail, J H; al-Mahasneh, Q M

    1989-04-01

    From January 1979 through March 1988, our regional poison center, located many hundreds of miles from the nearest coastal salt water, documented 23 cases of envenomation by "Lionfish" (members of genus Pterois). All cases involved specimens which were maintained in the homes of amateur aquarists. A study of patient epidemiology showed the following: patient's sex 91.3% male, 8.7% female; patients ages ranged from 17 to 50 years with an average age for males of 29.8 years and 35 years for females; the site of the envenomation accident was always in the home; the only part of the body envenomated was the hand or finger; and all of the patients were symptomatic. Symptoms noted included sharp pain, swelling, redness, bleeding, nausea, numbness, joint pain, anxiety, headache, disorientation, and dizziness. One patient had a complication of cellulitis. Treatment provided included immersion of the effected area in hot water at 40 C for 60 to 90 min, analgesics, tetanus toxoid, and antibiotics. There were no deaths noted and treatment proved effective in all cases. This paper also discusses the natural history, clinical effects, and current treatment for envenomations from these beautiful but dangerous venomous fish, which can cause poisoning exposures that are likely to be encountered by poison centers anywhere in the world. PMID:2929130

  7. Diagnosis and Percutaneous Treatment of Soft-Tissue Hydatid Cysts

    SciTech Connect

    Akhan, Okan Gumus, Burcak; Akinci, Devrim; Karcaaltincaba, Musturay; Ozmen, Mustafa

    2007-06-15

    The purpose of this study is to demonstrate and discuss the radiological features of four patients with muscular hydatid disease and to evaluate the results of percutaneous treatment in these patients. Four patients (three female and one male) with six muscular hydatid cysts underwent percutaneous treatment and were followed up. The mean age of patients was 35 years (range: 12-60 years). Type I (n = 2), type II (n = 1), and type III (n = 3) hydatid cysts were observed in the thigh (n = 3) and gluteal (n = 1) region on radiologic examination. All interventions were performed under sonographic and fluoroscopic guidance. According to the type of the cyst, the procedure was carried out by either a 'catheterization technique with hypertonic saline and alcohol' or a 'modified catheterization technique.' The mean cathaterization time was 13.7 days, ranging from 1 to 54 days. The dimensions of the residual cavity were noted at every sonographic control, and an average of 96.1% volume reduction was obtained in six cysts of four patients. No sign of viability was observed during the follow-up period. Cavity infection and cellulitis were observed as complications, which resolved after medical therapy. Percutaneous treatment is a safe and effective procedure in patients with soft-tissue hydatid cysts and should be considered as a serious alternative to surgery.

  8. Design and Development of a Telerehabilitation Self-Management Program for Persons with Chronic Lower Limb Swelling and Mobility Limitations: Preliminary Evidence

    PubMed Central

    Faett, Becky L.; Geyer, Mary Jo; Hoffman, Leslie A.; Brienza, David M.

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes design and development of a self-management program, delivered by telerehabilitation (TR), to address the problem of chronic lower limb swelling in persons with limited mobility. The 18.6 million persons with limited mobility in the USA are at increased risk for chronic lower limb swelling and related secondary complications, including cellulitis and skin ulcers. Over time, chronic swelling often progresses to lymphedema, an incurable condition requiring lifelong care. Without successful self-management, lymphedema and its related complications inevitably worsen. Access and adherence to appropriate treatment are challenging for persons with limited mobility. Program development involved a structured process to establish content validity (videos and manuals), readability, suitability, and selection of a TR platform to deliver the educational program. Our goal was to develop a program that would engage patients in self-management skills. The TR software platform chosen, Versatile and Integrated System for Telerehabilitation (VISYTER) was designed to facilitate face-to-face delivery of an interactive home-based self-management program via the internet in real time. Results demonstrated validity of the educational program and ease of use with TR. Future plans are to evaluate ability of this approach to promote self-management skills, home monitoring, and improved management of persons with lymphedema and limited mobility. PMID:23227323

  9. X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome with CD40LG mutation: two case reports and literature review in Taiwanese patients.

    PubMed

    Tsai, Hu-Yuan; Yu, Hsin-Hui; Chien, Yin-Hsiu; Chu, Kuan-Hua; Lau, Yu-Lung; Lee, Jyh-Hong; Wang, Li-Chieh; Chiang, Bor-Luen; Yang, Yao-Hsu

    2015-02-01

    Hyper-IgM syndrome (HIGM) is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder characterized by elevated or normal serum IgM and decreased IgG, IgA, and IgE due to defective immunoglobulin class switching. X-linked HIGM (XHIGM, HIGM1) is the most frequent type, is caused by mutations in the CD40 ligand gene, and is regarded as a combined T and B immunodeficiency. We report an 18-year-old male who was diagnosed initially with hypogammaglobulinemia in infancy, but developed repeated pneumonia, sepsis, cellulitis, perianal abscess, pericarditis, and bronchiectasis despite regular intravenous immunoglobulin replacement therapy. The patient died at age 18 years due to pneumonia and tension pneumothorax. Mutation analysis revealed CD40L gene mutation within Exon 5 at nucleotide position 476 (cDNA 476G > A). This nonsense mutation predicted a tryptophan codon (TGG) change to a stop codon (TGA) at position 140 (W140X), preventing CD40L protein expression. Sequence analysis in the family confirmed a de novo mutation. The second case of 6-month-old male infant presented as Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Gene analysis of the CD40L gene revealed G to C substitution in Intron 4 (c.409 + 5G > C) and mother was a carrier. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, the only cure for XHIGM, was arranged in the second case. PMID:23010537

  10. The burden of bone, native joint and soft tissue infections on orthopaedic emergency referrals in a city hospital.

    PubMed

    Howell, A; Parker, S; Tsitskaris, K; Oddy, M J

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Bone, native joint and soft tissue infections are frequently referred to orthopaedic units although their volume as a proportion of the total emergency workload has not been reported previously. Geographic and socioeconomic variation may influence their presentation. The aim of this study was to quantify the burden of such infections on the orthopaedic department in an inner city hospital, determine patient demographics and associated risk factors, and review our current utilisation of specialist services. Methods All cases involving bone, native joint and soft tissue infections admitted under or referred to the orthopaedic team throughout 2012 were reviewed retrospectively. Prosthetic joint infections were excluded. Results Almost 15% of emergency admissions and referrals were associated with bone, native joint or soft tissue infection or suspected infection. The cohort consisted of 169 patients with a mean age of 43 years (range: 1-91 years). The most common diagnosis was cellulitis/other soft tissue infection and the mean length of stay was 13 days. Two-thirds of patients (n=112, 66%) underwent an operation. Fifteen per cent of patients were carrying at least one blood borne virus, eleven per cent were alcohol dependent, fifteen per cent were using or had been using intravenous drugs and nine per cent were homeless or vulnerably housed. Conclusions This study has shown that a significant number of patients are admitted for orthopaedic care as a result of infection. These patients are relatively young, with multiple complex medical and social co-morbidities, and a long length of stay. PMID:26688397

  11. Mningiome en plaque sphno-orbitaire: propos d'un cas avec revue de la littrature

    PubMed Central

    Abdellaoui, Meriem; Andaloussi, Idriss Benatiya; Tahri, Hicham

    2015-01-01

    Le mningiome intra osseux est une varit des mningiomes ectopiques dans lequel les cellules mningothliales envahissent la paroi osseuse et entranent une hyperostose. Le mningiome en plaque, variante macroscopique des mningiomes intra osseux, est une tumeur rare et survient frquemment au niveau de la rgion sphno-orbitaire ce qui le confond avec les tumeurs osseuses primitives. Nous rapportons le cas d'une patiente de 50 ans qui prsente une exophtalmie avec ccit unilatrale gauche d'installation progressive depuis un an. L'examen trouve une exophtalmie axile, indolore et non rductible ainsi qu'une limitation de la motilit oculaire dans tous les sens du regard. La palpation montre une masse temporale gauche dure et adhrente l'os. L'examen du fond dil trouve un dme papillaire gauche. Le scanner montre une lsion ostocondensante temporo-sphno-orbitaire gauche avec envahissement locorgional. Le diagnostic propratoire fut une tumeur osseuse essentiellement maligne primitive ou secondaire. Ltude histologique a rvle un mningiome meningothlial de type en plaque. La patiente a bnfici d'une exrse avec reconstruction chirurgicale. Aucune rcidive n'a t note aprs 1 an de recul. PMID:26327996

  12. Delay in diagnosis and lessons learnt from a case of abdominal wall abscess caused by fishbone perforation.

    PubMed

    Hakeem, A; Shanmugam, V; Badrinath, K; Dube, M; Panto, P

    2015-04-01

    Complications following foreign body (FB) ingestion are an uncommon clinical problem. A 59-year-old man presented with a 4-week history of left iliac fossa pain and 1 episode of dark red blood mixed with stools. Inflammatory markers were elevated, and computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis showed an ill defined abdominal wall inflammatory collection in close contact with the small bowel loops. He was treated with antibiotics, and follow-up CT, colonoscopy and small bowel enema were mostly unremarkable. The patient presented again ten months later with left iliac fossa cellulitis and fever. Multiplanar CT (the patient's fourth scan) demonstrated a 10cm abdominal wall collection with a linear hyperdense structure in the collection. The radiologists suspected a FB and on close scrutiny of the previous scans, they noted it to have been present on all of them. A targeted incision led to the removal of a 3cm fishbone from the collection. This case highlights the need to consider the possibility of a FB being the underlying cause in any unexplained intra-abdominal or abdominal wall inflammatory process so that the diagnosis is made in a timely manner. PMID:26263825

  13. Double-blind randomized study of oral temafloxacin and cefadroxil in patients with mild to moderately severe bacterial skin infections.

    PubMed

    Neldner, K H

    1991-12-30

    A randomized, double-blind, multicenter study was conducted in 374 patients to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a 7-10-day regimen of oral temafloxacin (600 mg b.i.d.) or oral cefadroxil (500 mg b.i.d.) in the treatment of mild to moderate staphylococcal or streptococcal infection of the skin or skin structure. Specimens from the infected skin lesion were obtained for culture. A dermatologic assessment was made within 48 hours of starting therapy, 0-48 hours post-treatment, and once during the 5-9 days following the last dose of study drug. The most common diagnoses were abscess, superficial skin infection, cellulitis, and infection of the hair follicle/sweat gland. Clinical response rates exceeded 95% in both the temafloxacin and cefadroxil groups. A higher bacterial eradication rate was demonstrated in the temafloxacin-treated patients (91%) than in those receiving cefadroxil (84%). This was statistically significant in the subset of infections caused by Staphylococcus epidermidis (100% versus 81%, respectively; p = 0.032). Both regimens were well tolerated. These results indicate that temafloxacin is useful in the treatment of mild to moderate skin and skin structure infections caused by staphylococci or streptococci. PMID:1662879

  14. Moxifloxacin versus Clindamycin/Ceftriaxone in the management of odontogenic maxillofacial infectious processes: A preliminary, intrahospital, controlled clinical trial

    PubMed Central

    Gmez-Armbula, Hansel; Hidalgo-Hurtado, Antonio; Rodrguez-Flores, Rosaura; Gonzlez-Amaro, Ana-Mara; Garrocho-Rangel, Arturo

    2015-01-01

    Background The aim of this study was to compare the days of hospitalization length between patients treated with Moxifloxacin with that of patients treated with a Clindamycin/Ceftriaxone combination and additionally, to isolate and identify the oral pathogens involved in orofacial odontogenic infections. Material and Methods A pilot-controlled-clinical-trial was carried out on hospitalized patients with cervicofacial odontogenic abscesses or cellulitis, who were randomly asigned to two study groups: 1) patients who received Moxifloxacin, and 2) patients receiving Clindamycin/Ceftriaxone combination. Infiltrate samples were collected through transdermic or transmucosal punction and later cultured on a media specific for aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms. Mean hospitalization duration in days until hospital discharge and susceptibility assessment in rates were established. Results Mean hospitalization time in days of patients treated with Moxifloxacin was 7.0 1.6 days, while in the Clindamycin/Ceftriaxone group, this was 8.4 1.8 days, although significant difference could not be demonstrated (p=0.074). A total of 43 strains were isolated, all of these Gram-positive. These strains appeared to be highly sensitive to Moxifloxacin (97.5%) and Ceftriaxone (92.5%). Conclusions Moxifloxacin and Ceftriaxone appear to be potential convenient and rational alternatives to traditional antibiotics, for treating severe odontogenic infections, in conjunction with surgical extraoral incision, debridement, and drainage. Key words:Orofacial odontogenic infections, antimicrobial susceptibility, antimicrobial resistance. PMID:26644841

  15. A Case Report of Herpetic Whitlow with Positive Kanavel's Cardinal Signs: A Diagnostic and Treatment Difficulty.

    PubMed

    Brkljac, Milos; Bitar, Samer; Naqui, Zafar

    2014-01-01

    Herpetic whitlow is an acute viral infection of the hand caused by either herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1 or 2. Its characteristic findings are significant pain and erythema with overlying nonpurulent vesicles. The differential diagnosis includes flexor tenosynovitis. We present a case of recurrent infection of the middle finger in an immunocompetent 19-year-old girl. Multiple painful pustules with tracking cellulitis were partially treated by oral antibiotics. A recurrence with positive Kanavel's signs suggested flexor tenosynovitis at seven months. Her symptoms improved transiently following emergent surgical open flexor sheath exploration and washout however, she required two further washouts; at eleven and thirteen months to improve symptoms. Viral cultures were obtained from the third washout as HSV infection was disclosed from further history taking. These were positive for HSV2. Treatment with acyclovir at thirteen months after presentation led to a complete resolution of her symptoms with no further recurrences to date. This rare case highlights the similarity in presentation between flexor sheath infection and herpetic whitlow which can lead to diagnostic confusion and mismanagement. We emphasise the importance of careful past medical history taking as well as considering herpetic whitlow as a differential diagnosis despite the presence of strongly positive Kanavel's signs. PMID:25436164

  16. Cicatricial alopecia as a manifestation of different dermatoses.

    PubMed

    Oremovi?, Lenka; Lugovi?, Liborija; Vuci?, Majda; Buljan, Marija; Ozani?-Buli?, Suzana

    2006-01-01

    There are numerous dermatoses which may cause cicatricial alopecia when localized on the scalp, such as chronic discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE), lichen planus, graft-versus-host disease, dermatomyositis, scleroderma, cicatricial pemphigoid, porphyria cutanea tarda, follicular mucinosis, perifolliculitis capitis abscedens, lichen sclerosus et atrophicus, necrobiosis lipoidica, sarcoidosis, etc. Histologically, cicatricial alopecia is characterized by dermal scarring, along with absent or reduced hair follicles and reduced number of erector pili muscles. According to working classification of cicatricial alopecia by the North American Hair Society, primary cicatricial alopecia may be divided into the following categories: lymphocytic group (e.g., DLE, lichen planopilaris, classic pseudopelade (Brocq), central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia); neutrophilic group (e.g., folliculitis decalvans, dissecting cellulitis); and mixed group (e.g., folliculitis keloidalis). Over a 5-year period, 36 patients with cicatricial alopecia were hospitalized at our Department: DLE (n = 27), pseudopelade Brocq (n = 3), mucinosis follicularis (n = 2), and lichen planopilaris, folliculitis decalvans, folliculitis abscedens and folliculitis keloidalis (one patient each). Clinical evaluation was compared with histopathologic analysis of follicular architecture, as well as with the type, localization and extent of inflammatory infiltrate. Scalp biopsy was considered mandatory in all cases. Our experience indicates the need of more complex research to extend the knowledge about the etiopathogenesis and treatment options for cicatricial alopecia. We hope that this type of alopecia may attract more attention and research in the future. PMID:17311739

  17. General biplane theory

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Munk, Max M

    1923-01-01

    This report deals with the air forces on biplane cellule. The first part of the report deals with the two-dimensional problem neglecting viscosity. The variation of the section, chord, gap, stagger, and decalage are investigated, a great number of examples are calculated, and all numerical results are given in tables. For the biplane without stagger it is found that the loss of lift in consequence of the mutual influence of the two wing sections is only half as much if the lift is produced by the curvature of the section as it is when the lift is produced by the inclination of the chord to the direction of motion. The second part deals with the influence of the lateral dimensions. It is found that the loss of lift due to induction is almost unchanged, whether the biplane is staggered or not. In the third part conclusions from previous investigations are drawn, viscosity and experimental experience are brought in, and the method is simplified for practical application. Simple formulas give the drag, lift, and moment. In order to make use of the simple formulas more convenient, tables for the dynamical pressure, induced drag, and angle of attack are added so that practically no computation is needed for the application of the results.

  18. Noninvasive evaluation of the swollen extremity: experiences with 190 lymphoscintigraphic examinations.

    PubMed

    Gloviczki, P; Calcagno, D; Schirger, A; Pairolero, P C; Cherry, K J; Hallett, J W; Wahner, H W

    1989-05-01

    Lymphoscintigraphy (LS), performed with technetium 99m-labeled antimony trisulfide colloid (Cadema Medical Products, Inc., Middletown, N.Y.), was used as a noninvasive diagnostic examination to evaluate the lymphatic circulation in 190 extremities of 115 patients. Forty-six patients had primary lymphedema, 48 had secondary lymphedema, and 21 patients had other causes of limb swelling. To determine the value of LS in surgical decision making, preoperative and postoperative LS of 16 patients who underwent surgical repair of the lymphatic abnormality were studied separately. Semiquantitative evaluation of the lymphatic drainage and visual interpretation of the image patterns were reliable to differentiate lymphedema from edemas of other origin (sensitivity: 92%, specificity: 100%). Although certain image patterns were characteristic of either primary or secondary lymphedema, LS could not consistently differentiate between the two types. Episodes of cellulitis in lymphedema clearly delayed lymph transport. LS was helpful in patient selection and follow-up after lymphatic surgery, but it did not prove patency of lymphovenous anastomoses. It was diagnostic in the evaluation of lymphangiectasia and was used to document successful surgical treatment of reflux of chyle. LS is safe and reliable and has no side effects. It should replace contrast lymphangiography in the routine evaluation of the swollen extremity. PMID:2724456

  19. Mediastinectomy for management of chronic pyogranulomatous pleural disease in dogs.

    PubMed

    Trinterud, T; Nelissen, P; Caine, A R; White, R A S

    2014-06-14

    The medical records of 12 dogs with chronic pyogranulomatous pleural disease unresponsive to medical management were reviewed retrospectively. Resection of the mediastinal pleura (mediastinectomy) was performed through a median sternotomy to remove all diseased and surgically accessible mediastinal pleural tissue. Dogs were re-examined two weeks postoperatively, and long-term outcome was evaluated by contacting owners by phone. Twelve dogs underwent mediastinectomy; additional surgeries included subtotal pericardiectomy (8), lung lobectomy (4) and partial diaphragmatic resection (2). Histology of resected tissue consistently revealed neutrophilic, pyogranulomatous cellulitis/serositis. Foreign material was evident in the mediastinal tissue of five dogs and microorganisms were recovered from three dogs. Two dogs developed pneumothorax immediately postoperatively; one dog developed haemothorax one month postoperatively and was euthanased. Median follow-up time was eight months (range: 6-43?months); eleven dogs were alive and considered to be symptom-free by their owners. Mediastinectomy resulted in complete resolution of symptoms in most dogs (92 per cent) and was associated with a low incidence of major complications. The results of this study indicated that mediastinectomy results in favourable outcome for dogs with chronic pleural pyogranulomatous pleural disease unresponsive to medical management. PMID:24686857

  20. Esophageal adenocarcinoma and urothelial carcinoma orbital metastases masquerading as infection.

    PubMed

    Magrath, George N; Proctor, Charles M; Reardon, Wade A; Patel, Krishna G; Lentsch, Eric J; Eiseman, Andrew S

    2015-02-01

    Orbital metastases can masquerade as other orbital processes. We present two cases of orbital metastases, the first being the first reported adenocarcinoma of the esophagus presenting as an orbital metastasis prior to the primary being known, and the other as the first urothelial carcinoma to present as orbital cellulitis. The first patient presented with left upper eyelid pain. CT scan identified a superolateral subperiosteal fluid collection without concomitant sinus disease, which was drained in the operating room. Two weeks later repeat CT scan showed recurrent orbital subperiosteal fluid. It was drained and a biopsy showed necrotic adenocarcinoma. The second case presented with a painless right proptosis, decreased vision, and globally decreased ocular motility 3 days after bladder resection for urothelial carcinoma. CT scan demonstrated pan sinusitis with a soft tissue mass in the apex of the right orbit with extension through the superior orbital fissure. After no improvement on antibiotics endoscopic drainage was performed. Pathology revealed metastatic urothelial carcinoma within the orbital fat. PMID:25325392

  1. Molecular defects in the mannose binding lectin pathway in dermatological disease: Case report and literature review

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) and the Mannose-binding lectin-associated serine proteases (MASPs) are an essential aspect of innate immune responses that probably play an important but understudied role in cutaneous function. The MBL-MASP pathway appears to exert its primary role by assisting in the clearance of apoptotic skin cells (thus preventing accumulation and a subsequent autoimmune response) and promoting opsonophagocytosis of invading pathogens, limiting their dissemination. Deficiencies of the pathway have been described and are associated with infectious, autoimmune and vascular complications. However, the role of this pathway in dermatological disease is essentially unexplored. We describe 6 patients presenting with recurrent inflammatory and/or infectious skin conditions who also demonstrated severely low MBL levels. One patient also had a defect in the MASP2 gene. Genotype analysis revealed specific point mutations in the MBL2 promoter in all 6 patients and a variant MASP-2 gene in one patient. Five patients presented recurrent pustular skin infections (cellulitis, folliculitis and cutaneous abscess). A case of Grover's disease and one forme fruste of Behcet's syndrome (orogenital ulcers) were also observed. The patients responded to antimicrobial therapy, although in some, recurrence of infection was the rule. It appears that MBL deficiency may contribute to recurrent skin infections and to certain forms of inflammatory skin disease. The mechanisms may relate to the role of this pathway in innate immunity, removal of apoptotic cells and in immune complexes. Further study of MBL pathway defects in dermatological disease is required. PMID:20338057

  2. Adverse Outcomes after Major Surgery in Patients with Pressure Ulcer: A Nationwide Population-Based Retrospective Cohort Study

    PubMed Central

    Chou, Chia-Lun; Lee, Woan-Ruoh; Yeh, Chun-Chieh; Shih, Chun-Chuan

    2015-01-01

    Background Postoperative adverse outcomes in patients with pressure ulcer are not completely understood. This study evaluated the association between preoperative pressure ulcer and adverse events after major surgeries. Methods Using reimbursement claims from Taiwans National Health Insurance Research Database, we conducted a nationwide retrospective cohort study of 17391 patients with preoperative pressure ulcer receiving major surgery in 2008-2010. With a propensity score matching procedure, 17391 surgical patients without pressure ulcer were selected for comparison. Eight major surgical postoperative complications and 30-day postoperative mortality were evaluated among patients with pressure ulcer of varying severity. Results Patients with preoperative pressure ulcer had significantly higher risk than controls for postoperative adverse outcomes, including septicemia, pneumonia, stroke, urinary tract infection, and acute renal failure. Surgical patients with pressure ulcer had approximately 1.83-fold risk (95% confidence interval 1.54-2.18) of 30-day postoperative mortality compared with control group. The most significant postoperative mortality was found in those with serious pressure ulcer, such as pressure ulcer with local infection, cellulitis, wound or treatment by change dressing, hospitalized care, debridement or antibiotics. Prolonged hospital or intensive care unit stay and increased medical expenditures were also associated with preoperative pressure ulcer. Conclusion This nationwide propensity score-matched retrospective cohort study showed increased postoperative complications and mortality in patients with preoperative pressure ulcer. Our findings suggest the urgency of preventing and managing preoperative pressure ulcer by a multidisciplinary medical team for this specific population. PMID:26000606

  3. Visual diagnosis: 2-month-old girl with left eye swelling, profuse tearing.

    PubMed

    O'Connor, Meghan Mary; King, Marta Ania

    2013-08-01

    Nasolacrimal duct (NLD) obstruction is the most common cause of persistent tearing in a child younger than 1 year. Other possible causes include congenital eyelid abnormalities, chemical irritation, trauma, occult foreign body, congenital or early-onset glaucoma, and conjunctivitis. In addition to NLD obstruction signs, dacryocystoceles also present with swelling over the nasolacrimal sac. The swelling often has a bluish discoloration. Management of NLD obstruction requires a conservative approach with observation and nasolacrimal massage because spontaneous resolution occurs in approximately 90% by age 6 months and in more than 99% by age 12 months. Referral to an ophthalmologist for children with persistent symptoms should be deferred until at least ages 6 to 9 months. Because of the high risk of complications with dacryocystoceles, especially infection, these patients require urgent ophthalmology referral. Acute dacryocystitis presents with erythema, swelling, warmth, and tenderness of the lacrimal sac. The infection must be identified and treated early to prevent complications, such as periorbital and orbital cellulitis, meningitis, brain abscess, and sepsis. PMID:23908367

  4. Preliminary results of a phase I/II clinical trial using in situ photoimmunotherapy combined with imiquimod for metastatic melanoma patients

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xiaosong; Naylor, Mark F.; Nordquist, Robert E.; Teague, T. Kent; Howard, C. Anthony; Murray, Cynthia; Chen, Wei R.

    2010-02-01

    In Situ Photoimmunotherapy (ISPI), a newly developed modality for cancer therapy, has been shown to be able to modulate the body's own immune response. This clinical trial was designed to evaluate the safety and therapeutic effect of ISPI, using imiquimod as its immunoadjuvant for metastatic melanoma patients. ISPI consisted of three main components applied directly to the cutaneous metastases: 1) local application of topical imiquimod; 2) injection of indocyanine green; and 3) an 805 nm laser for local irradiation. All patients completed at least one cycle of treatment. All the patients completed at least one cycle of treatments; one patient received 6 cycles. The most common adverse effects were rash, pruritus, pain, fatigue and anorexia. Fever, chills, vomiting and cellulitis were relative rare. No grade 4 toxicity was observed. Complete Response (CR) was observed in 6 patients. Median overall survival of the 11 evaluated patients was 12.2 months. Six of the eleven patients were still alive at the time of this report. Treatment of ISPI using imiquimod is safe and well tolerant. Our preliminary clinical results suggest that this new method can be a promising modality for metastatic melanoma.

  5. Mucocèle appendiculaire: à propos d'un cas observé à Lubumbashi

    PubMed Central

    Wakunga, Eric; Mukuku, Olivier; Bugeme, Marcellin; Tshiband, Moïse; Kipili, Audifax; Mobambo, Pitchou; Arung, Willy; Wakunga, Warach

    2014-01-01

    La mucocèle appendiculaire est une entité pathologique rare, mais potentiellement dangereuse, elle se présente sous différentes formes cliniques. Nous rapportons ici un cas d'une patiente âgée de 49 ans sans antécédents chirurgicaux chez qui nous avons découvert d'une façon fortuite cette affection. La clinique était celle d'un syndrome appendiculaire aigu patent et elle révélait une masse dans la fosse iliaque droite. Les examens de laboratoire ont montré une hyperleucocytose et une vitesse de sédimentation augmentée. L’échographie a démontré une masse kystique péricaecal. La patiente a subi une appendicectomie avec cæcectomie partielle et la pièce opératoire appendiculaire mesurait 153 mm de longueur et 64 mm de diamètre. L'analyse anatomopathologique de celle-ci a confirmé le diagnostic de mucocèle appendiculaire sans cellules de malignité. Les suites opératoires ont été simples et la patiente est sortie au cinquième jour postopératoire. PMID:25368725

  6. Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance and risk of infections: a population-based study.

    PubMed

    Kristinsson, Sigurdur Y; Tang, Min; Pfeiffer, Ruth M; Bjrkholm, Magnus; Goldin, Lynn R; Blimark, Cecilie; Mellqvist, Ulf-Henrik; Wahlin, Anders; Turesson, Ingemar; Landgren, Ola

    2012-06-01

    No comprehensive evaluation has been made to assess the risk of viral and bacterial infections among patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. Using population-based data from Sweden, we estimated risk of infections among 5,326 monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance patients compared to 20,161 matched controls. Patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance had a 2-fold increased risk (P<0.05) of developing any infection at 5- and 10-year follow up. More specifically, patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance had an increased risk (P<0.05) of bacterial (pneumonia, osteomyelitis, septicemia, pyelonephritis, cellulitis, endocarditis, and meningitis), and viral (influenza and herpes zoster) infections. Patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance with M-protein concentrations over 2.5 g/dL at diagnosis had highest risks of infections. However, the risk was also increased (P<0.05) among those with concentrations below 0.5 g/dL. Patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance who developed infections had no excess risk of developing multiple myeloma, Waldenstrm macroglobulinemia or related malignancy. Our findings provide novel insights into the mechanisms behind infections in patients with plasma cell dyscrasias, and may have clinical implications. PMID:22180421

  7. Perifolliculitis capitis abscedens et suffodiens in a caucasian: diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.

    PubMed

    Mihi?, Liborija Lugovi?; Tomas, Davor; Situm, Mirna; Krolo, Iva; Sebeti?, Klaudija; Sjerobabski-Masnec, Ines; Barii?, Freja

    2011-01-01

    Perifolliculitis capitis abscedens et suffodiens or dissecting cellulitis of the scalp is a rare, chronic destructive folliculitis of the scalp, characterized by painful nodules, purulent drainage, sinus tracts, keloid formation and cicatricial alopecia. The cause of the disease is unknown, but it is similar in many features to hidradenitis suppurativa and acne conglobata. In our case report, the patient's dermatologic appearance included one slightly erythematous, infiltrated alopecic area with draining lesions in the right parietal part of the scalp with a few alopecic areas in other parts of the scalp. The identification of the infectious agent, repeated swabs and KOH examination/or fungal cultures and tissue sampling for histopathologic analysis were necessary to confirm the diagnosis of perifolliculitis capitis abscedens et suffodiens. The patient received systemic antibiotics (azithromycin and amoxicillin-clavulanate) and oral antimycotic therapy (fluconazole), followed by a long period of oral isotretinoin with local skin care, which led to resolution and thus inhibited the evolution to scarring and nodular stage of the disease. Thus, such combined approach could be useful for other patients with these dermatologic problems. PMID:21703156

  8. Mimix hydroxyapatite cement use in the reconstruction of the craniofacial skeleton.

    PubMed

    Mann, Robert J; Blount, Andrew L; Neaman, Keith C; Korepta, Lindsey

    2011-11-01

    Reconstruction of the craniofacial skeleton has undergone a significant evolution during the past century. Initially, the use of autogenous bone grafts from various sites was the criterion standard. However, owing to donor site morbidity and lack of sufficient bone for large defects, surgeons have relied on various bone substitutes. Hydroxyapatite (HA) has served as an alternative to autogenous grafts, but questions regarding biocompatibility, risk of infection, and slow set times have hampered its acceptance. This article serves as a review of a single surgeon's experience using HA in the craniofacial skeleton. Eighteen patients receiving HA between March 2000 and November 2006 were observed. Sixteen underwent recontouring of skull-based bone defects, and 2 underwent recontouring for nasal and alveolar defects. The mean amount of HA used in each patient was 30.2 g. For large contour irregularities, the maximum thickness of HA used was 8 mm. The size of bone defects ameliorated averaged 4.8 cm(2). Complications occurred in 3 (16.7%) of 18 patients and included scalp hematoma and superficial cellulitis. In addition, 1 patient developed a facial abscess after placement along the alveolar floor, which necessitated removal. Hydroxyapatite represents a viable alternative to autogenous bone grafts when used in the correct manner. Hydroxyapatite should be used only for smaller defects or used in conjunction with absorbable plates when attempting to fill larger defects. Use of HA for nasal piriform augmentation or alveolar bone grafting should not be considered owing to problems with late infections. PMID:22067865

  9. Prospective randomized comparison of two preoperative skin preparation techniques in a developing world country.

    PubMed

    Meier, D E; Nkor, S K; Aasa, D; OlaOlorun, D A; Tarpley, J L

    2001-04-01

    Povidone-iodine (PI) is a scarce and expensive item for some hospitals in developing countries. This prospective, randomized study was performed at Baptist Medical Centre (BMCO) in Ogbomoso, Nigeria to determine if the use of PI for preoperative skin preparation would result in a lower postoperative wound infection rate and to identify other factors influencing the infection rate. Two hundred patients undergoing inguinal hernia repair were randomized to receive skin preparation with either: (1) locally available, inexpensive market soap and methylated spirit or (2) imported PI. The two groups were equally stratified. The overall postoperative wound infection rate was 5.5%, and there was no significant difference between the groups (5.1% vs. 5.9%). Factors that did not affect the infection rate included gender, age, type of anesthesia, type or duration of the operative procedure, and number of breaks in optimal technique. There were eight abscesses and three cases of cellulitis without suppuration diagnosed an average of 10 days postoperatively. Staphylococcus was the only bacterium identified on Gram stain or culture. The expense of procuring PI is not justified at BMCO. Available funds may better be used for preoperative antibiotics or for improvement in hospital infrastructure, which should result in fewer breaks in optimal operating room technique. PMID:11344395

  10. Serious soft tissue infections of the head and neck

    SciTech Connect

    Herr, R.D.; Murdock, R.T.; Davis, R.K. )

    1991-09-01

    The head and neck contain a number of spaces that can be invaded by organisms of the mouth or by spread of cervical osteomyelitis. Infection in these spaces may progress from superficial infection to cellulitis to the formation of an abscess requiring immediate drainage. Spread of infection between spaces depends on anatomic location. Most patients require hospitalization and intravenous antibiotic therapy. Because a deep space infection may be occult, a high index of suspicion is required for diagnosis. Early recognition is necessary to avoid tissue damage, bacteremia or airway compromise. The possibility of deep space infection should be considered in any patient who does not respond to the usual treatment of an abscessed tooth or tonsillitis. This type of infection also should be considered in a toxic patient who has a fever of unknown origin, with or without blood cultures that show anaerobic organisms. Computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is usually necessary to locate the infection and to detect suppuration that will be amenable to surgical exploration and drainage. 25 references.

  11. Rotational flap closure of first and fifth metatarsal head plantar ulcers: adjunctive procedure when performing first or fifth ray amputation.

    PubMed

    Boffeli, Troy J; Peterson, Matthew C

    2013-01-01

    Partial ray amputation is a common treatment of diabetes-related neuropathic ulcers located beneath the metatarsal heads. The standard incision for partial first or fifth ray amputation involves a tennis racket incision, with the proximal arm made mid-line along the respective medial or lateral side of the metatarsal head and neck, creating equal dorsal and plantar flaps. This incision works well when the ulcer is located within the excised soft tissue distal to the incision or when the plantar ulcer is superficial and will heal secondarily once the underlying bone has been removed. This standard first or fifth ray amputation incision does not, however, allow excision and closure of plantar ulcers located beneath the first or fifth metatarsal head. Two cases are presented to demonstrate our surgical protocol for partial first or fifth ray amputation using a local rotational flap to cover plantar metatarsal head ulcers. These cases highlight our patient selection criteria, staging protocol when cellulitis or abscess is present, rotational flap design, surgical technique pearls, and the typical postoperative healing progress. PMID:23246295

  12. Pressure Distribution Tests on PW-9 Wing Models from -18 Degree Through 90 Degree Angle of Attack

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Loeser, Oscar E , Jr

    1929-01-01

    At the request of the Army Air Corps, an investigation of the pressure distribution over PW-9 wing models was conducted in the atmospheric wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. The primary purpose of these tests was to obtain wind-tunnel data on the load distribution on the cellule to be correlated with similar information obtained in flight tests, both to be used for design purposes. Because of the importance of the conditions beyond the stall as affecting the control and stability, this investigation was extended through 90 degree angle of attack. The results for the range of normal flight have been given in NACA Technical Report No. 271. The present paper presents the same results in a different form and includes, in addition, those over the greater range of angle of attack, -18 degrees through 90 degrees. The results show that: (1) at angles of attack above maximum lift, the biplane upper wing pressures are decreased by the shielding action of the lower wing. (2) the burble of the biplane lower wing, with respect to the angle of attack, is delayed, due to the shielding action of the lower wing. (3) the center of pressure of the biplane upper wing (semispan) is, in general, displaced forward and outward with reference to that of the wing as a monoplane, while for the lower wing there is but slight difference for both conditions. (4) the overhanging portion of the upper wing is little affected by the presence of the lower wing.

  13. The death of Henry II, King of France (1519-1559). From myth to medical and historical fact.

    PubMed

    Zanello, Marc; Charlier, Philippe; Corns, Robert; Devaux, Bertrand; Berche, Patrick; Pallud, Johan

    2015-01-01

    On 30 June 1559, Henry II, King of France, was mortally wounded in the head by a lance during a jousting match. Despite the best efforts of his physicians, Ambroise Paré and Andreas Vesalius, King Henry died 11 days later. This article, based on previously unpublished evidence, aims at examining the historical account of his death against modern medical practice to establish the probable cause of the king's death. We also discuss what treatments the doctors in the sixteenth century may have had to offer. Historical accounts of the joust provide details of the incident including the position of the visor of the king's helmet. Descriptions of the wood fragments removed from the right orbit by Italian observers and a new translation of the autopsy by Andreas Vesalius allow an accurate description of the actual injury. Our research counters previous theories and concludes that Henry II was the victim of craniofacial trauma involving the right eye and that he died from periorbital cellulitis caused by a retained foreign body in the wound, complicated by a left interhemispheric empyema preceded by a traumatic interhemispheric haematoma. It would appear that the royal court doctors advocated a wait-and-see strategy, with little actual input from Ambroise Paré or Andreas Vesalius, with a clearly regrettable outcome. PMID:25421951

  14. Keratitis with Kocuria palustris and Rothia mucilaginosa in Vitamin A Deficiency

    PubMed Central

    Mattern, R.M.; Ding, Jiaxi

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To present a case of unusual corneal infection early in the course of peripheral ulcerative keratitis in a patient with severe vitamin A deficiency. Method Single observational case report in urban USA. Case Presentation An alcoholic patient with pancreatitis, chronic diarrhea, and vitamin A deficiency presented with a marginal corneal ulcer from which two bacteria of the family Micrococcaceae were cultured and identified by genome sequence analysis, namely Kocuria palustris and Rothia mucilaginosa. Soon after, severe bilateral peripheral ulcerative keratitis developed, later accompanied by eyelid cellulitis of one lid. These conditions improved with antibiotics, treatment of the underlying gastrointestinal conditions, and treatment of the vitamin deficiency. Conclusion Susceptibility to keratitis with unusual bacteria of the Micrococcaceae family can occur in the setting of alcoholism-related gastrointestinal disease with severe vitamin A deficiency. To our knowledge, K. palustris is a species not previously identified in any human disease, and the Kocuria genus has not previously been reported as a participant in eye infection. Documented cases of R. mucilaginosa in ocular disease are rare. These unusual infections heralded the onset of severe marginal corneal melts. PMID:24707276

  15. Infected facial tissue fillers: case series and review of the literature.

    PubMed

    Schtz, Petr; Ibrahim, Hussein Hassan Hamed; Hussain, Sabreyah Saleh; Ali, Tamer Sabry; El-Bassuoni, Khalid; Thomas, John

    2012-10-01

    Since 2007, 21 female and 1 male patient aged 25 to 55 years, who either did not have any obvious causative infection source or, despite the presence of nonvital teeth, did not display typical symptoms of odontogenic infection, were treated for acute facial inflammation. All these patients admitted previous application of injectable soft tissue fillers (ISTFs) performed in either private plastic surgery and dermatology practices or cosmetic salons. The period between injection and infection varied from 1 week to 6 years. The injected substance remained unknown in many cases. Of the 22 patients, 3 were diagnosed with facial cellulitis, 4 with periorbital abscess, and 15 with a buccal space abscess. ISTFs provide an attractive option in facial rejuvenation. With their increasing use, the prevalence of complications is also expected to increase. Infectious complications of ISTFs were previously unknown in Kuwait. Although these products are primarily meant for treatment of the aging face, the age pattern of our patients suggests their frequent misuse and spurious indications. Especially worrisome is the recently observed application of fillers in cosmetic salons. We believe that the use of ISTFs should be regulated and their administration in nonmedical facilities prohibited. Patients with an atypical course of facial inflammation should be questioned about a history of cosmetic procedures. PMID:22342250

  16. Recurrent Bacteremia Caused by a Flexispira-Like Organism in a Patient with X-Linked (Brutons) Agammaglobulinemia

    PubMed Central

    Weir, Susan; Cuccherini, Brenda; Whitney, Anne M.; Ray, Marsha L.; MacGregor, John P.; Steigerwalt, Arnold; Daneshvar, Maryam I.; Weyant, Robbin; Wray, Betty; Steele, John; Strober, Warren; Gill, Vee J.

    1999-01-01

    Helicobacter spp., except for Helicobacter cinaedi, have only rarely been reported in cases of septicemia. A patient with X-linked (Brutons) agammaglobulinemia was found to have persistent sepsis with a Helicobacter-like organism despite multiple courses of antibiotics. His periods of sepsis were associated with leg swelling thought to be consistent with cellulitis. The organism was fastidious and required a microaerophilic environment containing H2 for growth. Optimal growth was observed at 35 to 37C on sheep blood, CDC anaerobe, and Bordet-Gengou agars. Serial subcultures every 4 to 5 days were required to maintain viability. The organism was strongly urease positive and showed highest relatedness to Helicobacter-like organisms with the vernacular name Flexispira rappini by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Genomic DNA hybridization studies, however, found 24 to 37% relatedness to F. rappini and even less to other Helicobacter spp. Although the organism phenotypically resembles Flexispira and Helicobacter, it is thought to represent a new taxon. The patients infection was eventually cleared with a prolonged (5-month) course of intravenous imipenem and gentamicin. PMID:10405381

  17. Successful medical treatment for globe penetration following tooth extraction in a dog.

    PubMed

    Guerreiro, Cleo E; Appelboam, Helen; Lowe, Robert C

    2014-03-01

    A five-year-old entire male Tibetan Terrier was referred for left-sided periorbital swelling and blepharospasm 4 days following ipsilateral maxillary tooth extraction. Examination of the left eye revealed mild exophthalmos, pain on retropulsion, and absent menace response and pupillary light reflexes. Examination of the posterior segment was not possible owing to the anterior segment pathology. Differential diagnoses considered were iatrogenic globe penetration and peribulbar abscess/cellulitis. Ocular ultrasound was consistent with a penetrating wound to the globe. Treatment with systemic prednisolone and marbofloxacin, and topical atropine sulfate 1%, prednisolone acetate, and brinzolamide was started. Marked clinical improvement allowed visual confirmation of the perforation. Oral prednisolone was tapered over the following 10 weeks. At final re-examination (10 months), the patient was visual, and fundic examination revealed an additional chorioretinal scar, most likely an exit wound that was obscured by vitreal debris on initial examinations. Neither scar was associated with retinal detachment. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of successful medical management of iatrogenic globe penetration following exodontic procedures. PMID:23869648

  18. Dermatological Complaints of the Elderly Attending a Dermatology Outpatient Clinic in Turkey: A Prospective Study over a One-year Period.

    PubMed

    Polat, Muhterem; İlhan, Mustafa N

    2015-12-01

    The geriatric population is continuously growing, which leads to more aged patients being admitted to dermatology clinics. The aim of this study is to determine the dermatological complaints of the elderly attending a dermatology outpatient clinic. All of the patients aged 65 years and older admitted to our dermatology outpatient clinic over a 1-year period were included. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to their ages as group I (65-74 years) and group II (≥75 years). The patients were asked about their dermatologic complaints. A total of 240 geriatric patients attended to the dermatology outpatient clinic over a 1-year period. Overall, the five most frequent dermatologic complaints of the patients were eczematous dermatitis (21.7%), pruritus (19.6%), fungal infections (16.7%), precancerous and malignant lesions (9.6%), and bacterial infections (7.1%). The most frequent types of eczematous dermatitis were asteatotic eczema (26.9%), neurodermatitis (26.9%), and stasis dermatitis (17.3%). Among fungal infections, the most frequent was tinea pedis (62.5%), followed by onychomycosis (32.5%) and tinea versicolor (5.0%). The most common precancerous lesion was actinic keratosis (78.3%). Bacterial infections encountered were pyoderma (58.8%), cellulitis (23.5%), and erythrasma (17.6%). Most of the skin problems in the elderly are preventable or treatable, so proper skin care and treatment of skin diseases should be emphasized in general health care for the elderly. PMID:26724880

  19. A case of Mycobacterium goodii prosthetic valve endocarditis in a non-immunocompromised patient: use of 16S rDNA analysis for rapid diagnosis

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Mycobacterium goodii is a rare cause of significant infection. M. goodii has mainly been associated with lymphadenitis, cellulitis, osteomyelitis, and wound infection. Case presentation A case of a 76-year-old Caucasian female is presented. The patient developed a prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by M. goodii. She had also suffered from severe neurological symptoms related to a septic emboli that could be demonstrated as an ischemic lesion found on CT of the brain. Transesophageal echocardiography verified a large vegetation attached to the prosthetic valve. Commonly used blood culture bottles showed growth of the bacteria after 3?days. Conclusions Although M. goodii is rarely involved in these kinds of severe infections, rapidly growing mycobacteria should be recognized during conventional bacterial investigations and identified by molecular tools such as analysis of 16S rDNA. Species identification of nontuberculous mycobacteria is demanding and is preferably done in collaboration with a mycobacterial laboratory. An early diagnosis provides the opportunity for adequate treatment. In the present case, prolonged antimicrobial treatment and surgery with replacement of the prosthetic valve was successful. PMID:23151090

  20. Clinical Predictors of Acute Kidney Injury Following Snake Bite Envenomation

    PubMed Central

    Dharod, Mrudul V; Patil, Tushar B; Deshpande, Archana S; Gulhane, Ragini V; Patil, Mangesh B; Bansod, Yogendra V

    2013-01-01

    Background: Snake bite envenomation is a major public health concern in developing countries. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is as important cause of mortality in patients with vasculotoxic snake bite. Aims: This study was to evaluate the clinical profile of snake bite patients and to determine the predictors of developing AKI following snake bite. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and eighty-one patients with snake envenomation were included. Eighty-seven patients developed AKI (Group A) and 194 (Group B) did not. History, examination findings and investigations results were recorded and compared between the two groups. Results: In group A, 61 (70.11%) patients were male and in group B, 117 (60.30%) patients were male. Out of 281 patients, 232 had cellulitis, 113 had bleeding tendencies, 87 had oliguria, 76 had neuroparalysis, and 23 had hypotension at presentation. After multivariate analysis, bite to hospital time (P = 0.016), hypotension (P = 0.000), albuminuria (P = 0.000), bleeding time (P = 0.000), prothrombin time (P = 0.000), hemoglobin (P = 0.000) and total bilirubin (P = 0.010) were significant independent predictors of AKI. Conclusions: AKI developed in 30.96% of patients with snake bite, leading to mortality in 39.08% patients. Factors associated with AKI are bite to hospital time, hypotension, albuminuria, prolonged bleeding time, prolonged prothrombin time, low hemoglobin and a high total bilirubin. PMID:24350071

  1. Teeth syndrome: diagnosis, complications and management

    PubMed Central

    Sbai, Mohamed Ali; Benzarti, Sofien; Boussen, Monia; Maalla, Riadh

    2015-01-01

    Teeth syndrome or fight bite is a specific entity in hand surgery that is little known. It includes infectious complications of the hand following a fist against the teeth. Neglected or misdiagnosed this injury frequently leads to serious complications that could compromise the function of the hand. A retrospective study was performed on 20 patients treated for teeth syndrome at our department, during a period of 12 years (January 2003 to April 2015). All young adults with a mean age of 28 years and a significant male predominance. The dominant side was involved in 15 patients. Lesions were divided into 4 cases of simple dorsal wounds facing the MP joint, 8 cases of dorsal hand cellulitis, and 8 cases of arthritis and osteoarthritis of the metacarpophalangeal (MP) joint of the long fingers. The index was the most affected finger. Treatment consisted in debridement of necrotic tissues, stabilization with external fixation for arthritis, skin reconstruction was performed secondarily. Result was assessed as good in 60% of cases. Clenched fist injuries to the mouth (teeth syndrome or fight bite) are known as being the worst human bites. Usually treated as minor injuries, without realizing a breach of the joint capsule, a lesion of the extensor tendon, or a contamination by oral flora. Any patient with a wound near the joint of the hand and was involved in a fight, need an appropriate evaluation and a specialized treatment to avoid serious complications. PMID:26834924

  2. Mouth in Foot Disease

    PubMed Central

    DeRosa, Daniel C; Agee, Willie A; Pires, Valerie L; Yim, Duke G; Ngauy, Viseth

    2015-01-01

    Toothpicks are commonly used household items that rarely cause serious injury or infection. Toothpick-related injuries often occur due to ingestion with subsequent trauma/infection at distal sites within the gastrointestinal tract; however, cardiovascular, pleural, and soft tissue infections have been reported. Eikenella corrodens is a gram-negative, facultative anaerobic bacillus found in oral flora associated with bite wound infections. A few case reports describe E. corrodens osteomyelitis from toothpick puncture wounds. We report a case of foot cellulitis and abscess in an elderly diabetic after toothpick puncture injury that was unresponsive to empiric antibiotics. Wound cultures grew E. corrodens and rare Peptostreptococcus species. E. corrodens is resistant to first-generation cephalosporins, macrolides, aminoglycosides, clindamycin, and metronidazole. This case highlights the insidious nature of E. corrodens infections and the need to tailor empiric antibiotics for skin and soft tissue infections based on the mechanism of injury. In addition, this case stresses the importance of protective footwear in diabetics and serves as a cautionary tale regarding the use of seemingly innocuous toothpicks. PMID:26793413

  3. Escherichia Coli-Related Necrotizing Fasciitis After Renal Transplantation: A Case Report.

    PubMed

    Turun, V; Ero?lu, A; Cihandide, E; Tabandeh, B; Oru?, T; Gven, B

    2015-06-01

    A 39-year-old man who had received cadaveric renal transplantation (RT) 1 month previously presented with rash and pain on his left lower extremity. Initially, bacterial cellulitis was suspected, and ampicillin/sulbactam was initiated; however, 3 days later, skin necrosis occurred and pain increased. Ampicillin/sulbactam was replaced with imipenem+ciprofloxacin, and surgical debridement was performed. Escherichia coli was identified in the wound culture, urine culture, and blood culture. After repeated debridement, wound care, and appropriate antimicrobial treatment, wounds began to heal and skin grafting was planned at the 4th month of therapy. However, the patient died of viral pneumonia. To date, 20 cases of necrotizing fasciitis (NF) after RT have been reported (including our case), and, as far as we know, this is the second E coli-related NF case. An analysis of all 20 cases showed that the most common infection site was the extremities (90%) and that 45% of pathogens were fungus. The mortality rate was 30%. NF is a rare but rapidly developing and life-threatening soft-tissue infection in RT patients. To reduce mortality rates, early diagnosis, recurrent surgical debridement, and aggressive therapy are mandatory. PMID:26093756

  4. Une tumeur du vagin à ne pas méconnaitre, l'adénocarcinome mésonephrique: à propos d'un cas et revue de la literature

    PubMed Central

    Amal, Bennani; Hind, El Fatemi; Hanane, Saadi; Hayat, Rabhi; Kaoutar, Moumna; Abdelaziz, Banani; Taoufik, Harmouch; Affaf, Amarti

    2015-01-01

    L'adénocarcinome mésonéphrique du vagin est une tumeur maligne extrêmement rare avec uniquement trois cas publiés dans la littérature jusqu’à maintenant. Il dérive des reliquats embryonnaires des canaux mésonéphriques au niveau du vagin. Nous rapportons un cas d'adénocarcinome mésonéphrique du vagin survenant chez une femme de 50 ans, et révélé par une masse polyploïde du vagin. L'IRM a montré un envahissement du périnée et de la branche inférieure du pubis. L’étude anatomo-pathologique était en faveur d'un adénocarcinome mésonéphrique dont les cellules tumorales expriment la pancytokératine et le CD10. Elles ne sont pas marquées par les anticorps anti récepteurs ostrogéniques et progestatifs. La patiente a été adressée pour radiothérapie avant la prise en charge chirurgicale. Les auteurs soulignent à travers cette observation les aspects étiopathogéniques, histologiques et thérapeutiques de cette tumeur rare. PMID:26327963

  5. [Invasive infections caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b after the institution of the conjugated vaccine on the expanded programm on immunization in Chile].

    PubMed

    Cruces R, Pablo; Donoso F, Alejandro; Camacho A, Jorge; Llorente H, Marcela

    2006-03-01

    After almost a decade since the introduction of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccines in Chile (in a 2-4-6 month schedule), Hib invasive infections have dramatically decreased, albeit they remain to occasionally produce disease in pediatric patients. We report our experience with children whom developed Hib invasive disease in children since 2000 to 2004. Medical records of children with Hib were reviewed in order to describe the epidemiology, main clinical and laboratory findings, management and complications. Twenty three patients (17 male), between 1 and 71 months (median 30 months) were identified: pneumonia (7), meningitis (4), pleuropneumonia (2), empyema (2), sepsis (2), cellulitis (2), meningitis and pleuropneumonia (1), purpura fulminans (1), miositis (1) and epiglottitis (1). No deaths were observed and four patients presented severe sequelae at hospital discharge. Twenty patients were considered vaccine failures. Hib remains as a sporadic cause of severe disease in Chile and thus for physicians should still keep it in mind. Case analysis and active surveillance are necessary to monitor the current immunization regimen. PMID:16462964

  6. Fatal skin and soft tissue infection of multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii: A case report

    PubMed Central

    Ali, Aqsa; Botha, John; Tiruvoipati, Ravindranath

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Acinetobacter baumannii is usually associated with respiratory tract, urinary tract and bloodstream infections. Recent reports suggest that it is increasingly causing skin and soft tissue infections. It is also evolving as a multidrug resistant organism that can be difficult to treat. We present a fatal case of multidrug resistant A. baumannii soft tissue infection and review of relevant literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 41 year old morbidly obese man, with history of alcoholic liver disease presented with left superficial pre-tibial abrasions and cellulitis caused by multidrug resistant (MDR) A. baumannii. In spite of early antibiotic administration he developed extensive myositis and fat necrosis requiring extensive and multiple surgical debridements. He deteriorated despite appropriate antibiotic therapy and multiple surgical interventions with development of multi-organ failure and died. DISCUSSION Managing Acinetobacter infections remains difficult due to the array of resistance and the pathogens ability to develop new and ongoing resistance. The early diagnosis of necrotizing soft tissue infection may be challenging, but the key to successful management of patients with necrotizing soft tissue infection are early recognition and complete surgical debridement. CONCLUSION A. baumannii is emerging as an important cause of severe, life-threatening soft tissue infections. Multidrug resistant A. baumannii soft tissue infections may carry a high mortality in spite of early and aggressive treatment. Clinicians need to consider appropriate early empirical antibiotic coverage or the use of combination therapy to include MDR A. baumannii as a cause of skin and soft tissue infections. PMID:25016080

  7. Successful nonmyeloablative bone marrow transplantation for leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I from an unrelated donor.

    PubMed

    Tokunaga, Masahiro; Miyamura, Koichi; Ohashi, Haruhiko; Ishiwada, Naruhiko; Terakura, Seitaro; Ikeguchi, Miyoko; Kuwatsuka, Yachiyo; Inamoto, Yoshihiro; Oba, Taku; Tsuchiya, Shigeru; Kodera, Yoshihisa

    2007-07-01

    Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I (LAD-I) is an inherited immunodeficiency disorder caused by defective expression of the leukocyte integrins, namely, lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1, Mac-1, and p150, 95, and is associated with obstructed cell adhesion, migration, and phagocytosis. Patients suffer from various bacterial or fungal infections and their prognoses are poor. The only curative treatment is hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Conventional myeloablative transplantations have been performed, but with unsatisfactory results. We performed the first successful nonmyeloablative unrelated marrow transplantation for a 20-year-old female LAD-I patient, who suffered from recurrent and occasionally life-threatening infections such as cellulitis, gingivostomatitis, and sepsis. We adopted a preparative regimen with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and low-dose total-body irradiation, and tacrolimus and short-term methotrexate as immunosuppressants. This procedure was sufficiently immunosuppressive to obtain stable engraftment without remarkable complications, and graft-versus-host disease was controllable. Dramatic improvement of her disease was observed, supported by the normal expressions of integrins. Twenty one months after transplantation, she is well with a Karnofsky score of 100. Thus, nonmyeloablative transplantation is considered a feasible method for LAD-I. PMID:17675274

  8. Cloning and Characterization of Surface-Localized α-Enolase of Streptococcus iniae, an Effective Protective Antigen in Mice

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Jun; Wang, Kaiyu; Chen, Defang; Geng, Yi; Huang, Xiaoli; He, Yang; Ji, Lili; Liu, Tao; Wang, Erlong; Yang, Qian; Lai, Weimin

    2015-01-01

    Streptococcus iniae is a major fish pathogen that can also cause human bacteremia, cellulitis and meningitis. Screening for and identification of protective antigens plays an important role in developing therapies against S. iniae infections. In this study, we indicated that the α-enolase of S. iniae was not only distributed in the cytoplasm and associated to cell walls, but was also secreted to the bacterial cell surface. The functional identity of the purified recombinant α-enolase protein was verified by its ability to catalyze the conversion of 2-phosphoglycerate (2-PGE) to phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP), and both the recombinant and native proteins interacted with human plasminogen. The rabbit anti-rENO serum blockade assay shows that α-enolase participates in S. iniae adhesion to and invasion of BHK-21 cells. In addition, the recombinant α-enolase can confer effective protection against S. iniae infection in mice, which suggests that α-enolase has potential as a vaccine candidate in mammals. We conclude that S. iniae α-enolase is a moonlighting protein that also associates with the bacterial outer surface and functions as a protective antigen in mice. PMID:26121302

  9. Molecular Epidemiologic Analysis and Antimicrobial Resistance of Helicobacter cinaedi Isolated from Seven Hospitals in Japan

    PubMed Central

    Mori, Shigetarou; Matsui, Mari; Suzuki, Satowa; Wachino, Jun-ichi; Kawamura, Yoshiaki; Shen, Zeli; Fox, James G.; Shibayama, Keigo

    2012-01-01

    Helicobacter cinaedi colonizes the colons of human and animals and can cause colitis, cellulitis, and sepsis in humans, with infections in immunocompromised patients being increasingly recognized. However, methods for analyzing the molecular epidemiology of H. cinaedi are not yet established. A genotyping method involving multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was developed and used to analyze 50 H. cinaedi isolates from Japanese hospitals in addition to 6 reference strains. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) results were also compared with the MLST results. Based on the genomic information from strain CCUG18818, 21 housekeeping genes were selected as candidates for MLST and were observed to have high homology (96.5 to 100%) between isolates. Following a comparison of the 21 housekeeping genes from 8 H. cinaedi isolates, 7 genes were chosen for MLST, revealing 14 sequence types (STs). The isolates from 3 hospitals belonged to the same STs, but the isolates from the other 4 hospitals belonged to different STs. Isolates belonging to ST6 were analyzed by PFGE and showed similar, but not identical, patterns between isolates. Isolates belonging to ST9, ST10, and ST11, which belonged to the same clonal complex, had the same pattern. All isolates were found to contain mutations in GyrA and the 23S rRNA gene that confer ciprofloxacin and clarithromycin resistance, respectively, in H. cinaedi. These results raise concerns about the increase in H. cinaedi isolates resistant to clarithromycin and ciprofloxacin in Japan. PMID:22593597

  10. Multidrug Efflux Systems in Helicobacter cinaedi

    PubMed Central

    Morita, Yuji; Tomida, Junko; Kawamura, Yoshiaki

    2012-01-01

    Helicobacter cinaedi causes infections, such as bacteremia, diarrhea and cellulitis in mainly immunocompromised patients. This pathogen is often problematic to analyze, and insufficient information is available, because it grows slowly and poorly in subculture under a microaerobic atmosphere. The first-choice therapy to eradicate H. cinaedi is antimicrobial chemotherapy; however, its use is linked to the development of resistance. Although we need to understand the antimicrobial resistance mechanisms of H. cinaedi, unfortunately, sufficient genetic tools for H. cinaedi have not yet been developed. In July 2012, the complete sequence of H. cinaedi strain PAGU 611, isolated from a case of human bacteremia, was announced. This strain possesses multidrug efflux systems, intrinsic antimicrobial resistance mechanisms and typical mutations in gyrA and the 23S rRNA gene, which are involved in acquired resistance to fluoroquinolones and macrolides, respectively. Here, we compare the organization and properties of the efflux systems of H. cinaedi with the multidrug efflux systems identified in other bacteria.

  11. Ophthalmoplegia without severe painful eyelid swelling in acute dacryoadenitis: a case report.

    PubMed

    Nakajima, Nobuhito; Igarashi, Tsutomu; Yaguchi, Chiemi; Ueda, Masayuki

    2016-01-29

    Here, we present a case of right eyelid drooping in a 79-year-old man. Neurological examination revealed ptosis of the right eye without severe painful eyelid swelling and redness. An ocular motility examination of the right eye revealed upward limitation and downward overshoot. The results of routine blood examinations were within normal limits, and no autoantibodies were detected. Orbital magnetic resonance images revealed mild right eyelid swelling and lacrimal gland enlargement, indicating orbital inflammation. The ocular discharge was positive for Staphylococcus hominis by culture and the patient was diagnosed as having acute dacryoadenitis. Treatment with topical and systemic administration of antibiotics rapidly improved symptoms. Ocular infection is not usually suspected in the absence of local severe painful swelling and redness, and painless acute dacryoadenitis presenting as ophthalmoplegia and ptosis may be misdiagnosed. Orbital inflammation may rapidly progress to orbital cellulitis with treatment delay, which may also lead to aggravation of ophthalmic prognosis. Therefore, neurologists should be aware of the possibility of acute dacryoadenitis occurring without the local severe inflammatory findings mimicking neurological diseases, and acute dacryoadenitis should be considered in patients with ophthalmoplegia even in the absence of severe painful eyelid swelling and redness. PMID:26616487

  12. Management of simple insect bites: where's the evidence?

    PubMed

    2012-04-01

    Many insects bite in order to obtain a blood meal and, in the process, inject the victim with saliva that may contain a number of substances, some of which can be immunogenic. The consequences of insect bites include local reactions, immune (allergic) reactions including anaphylaxis, and secondary bacterial infections (e.g. impetigo, cellulitis). Although insect bites are perceived to be common in the UK, the exact incidence is difficult to estimate since most are likely to go unreported: only those causing the more serious reactions are seen in primary care settings. Simple insect bites are those that are not accompanied or followed by anaphylactic shock or systemic infection. Many preparations for the treatment of insect bites, including antihistamines and topical corticosteroids, are available for purchase over the counter (OTC) in the UK. However, there is a lack of evidence for the efficacy of these treatments and, in general, recommendations for treatment are based on expert opinion and clinical experience. This article reviews the evidence for the management of simple bites by insects commonly encountered in the UK, but excludes ticks, mites and lice. PMID:22495051

  13. The global burden of skin disease in 2010: an analysis of the prevalence and impact of skin conditions.

    PubMed

    Hay, Roderick J; Johns, Nicole E; Williams, Hywel C; Bolliger, Ian W; Dellavalle, Robert P; Margolis, David J; Marks, Robin; Naldi, Luigi; Weinstock, Martin A; Wulf, Sarah K; Michaud, Catherine; J L Murray, Christopher; Naghavi, Mohsen

    2014-06-01

    The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2010 estimated the GBD attributable to 15 categories of skin disease from 1990 to 2010 for 187 countries. For each of the following diseases, we performed systematic literature reviews and analyzed resulting data: eczema, psoriasis, acne vulgaris, pruritus, alopecia areata, decubitus ulcer, urticaria, scabies, fungal skin diseases, impetigo, abscess, and other bacterial skin diseases, cellulitis, viral warts, molluscum contagiosum, and non-melanoma skin cancer. We used disability estimates to determine nonfatal burden. Three skin conditions, fungal skin diseases, other skin and subcutaneous diseases, and acne were in the top 10 most prevalent diseases worldwide in 2010, and eight fell into the top 50; these additional five skin problems were pruritus, eczema, impetigo, scabies, and molluscum contagiosum. Collectively, skin conditions ranged from the 2nd to 11th leading cause of years lived with disability at the country level. At the global level, skin conditions were the fourth leading cause of nonfatal disease burden. Using more data than has been used previously, the burden due to these diseases is enormous in both high- and low-income countries. These results argue strongly to include skin disease prevention and treatment in future global health strategies as a matter of urgency. PMID:24166134

  14. Laboratory-acquired vaccinia virus infection in a recently immunized person--Massachusetts, 2013.

    PubMed

    Hsu, Christopher H; Farland, Julien; Winters, Thomas; Gunn, Julia; Caron, Donna; Evans, Jennifer; Osadebe, Lynda; Bethune, Leon; McCollum, Andrea M; Patel, Nishi; Wilkins, Kimberly; Davidson, Whitni; Petersen, Brett; Barry, M Anita

    2015-05-01

    On November 26, 2013, the CDC poxvirus laboratory was notified by the Boston Public Health Commission (BPHC) of an inadvertent inoculation of a recently vaccinated (ACAM2000 smallpox vaccine) laboratory worker with wild type vaccinia virus (VACV) Western Reserve. A joint investigation by CDC and BPHC confirmed orthopoxvirus infection in the worker, who had reported a needle stick in his thumb while inoculating a mouse with VACV. He experienced a non-tender, red rash on his arm, diagnosed at a local emergency department as cellulitis. He subsequently developed a necrotic lesion on his thumb, diagnosed as VACV infection. Three weeks after the injury, the thumb lesion was surgically debrided and at 2 months post-injury, the skin lesion had resolved. The investigation confirmed that the infection was the first reported VACV infection in the United States in a laboratory worker vaccinated according to the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendations. The incident prompted the academic institution to outline biosafety measures for working with biologic agents, such as biosafety training of laboratory personnel, vaccination (if appropriate), and steps in incident reporting. Though vaccination has been shown to be an effective measure in protecting personnel in the laboratory setting, this case report underscores the importance of proper safety measures and incident reporting. PMID:25928468

  15. Lab on a chip sensor for rapid detection and antibiotic resistance determination of Staphylococcus aureus.

    PubMed

    Abeyrathne, Chathurika D; Huynh, Duc H; Mcintire, Thomas W; Nguyen, Thanh C; Nasr, Babak; Zantomio, Daniela; Chana, Gursharan; Abbott, Iain; Choong, Peter; Catton, Mike; Skafidas, Efstratios

    2016-03-01

    The Gram-positive bacterium, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), is a major pathogen responsible for a variety of infectious diseases ranging from cellulitis to more serious conditions such as septic arthritis and septicaemia. Timely treatment with appropriate antibiotic therapy is essential to ensure clinical defervescence and to prevent further complications such as infective endocarditis or organ impairment due to septic shock. To date, initial antibiotic choice is empirical, using a "best guess" of likely organism and sensitivity- an approach adopted due to the lack of rapid identification methods for bacteria. Current culture based methods take up to 5 days to identify the causative bacterial pathogen and its antibiotic sensitivity. This paper provides proof of concept for a biosensor, based on interdigitated electrodes, to detect the presence of S. aureus and ascertain its sensitivity to flucloxacillin rapidly (within 2 hours) in a cost effective manner. The proposed method is label-free and uses non-faradic measurements. This is the first study to successfully employ interdigitated electrodes for the rapid detection of antibiotic resistance. The method described has important potential outcomes of faster definitive antibiotic treatment and more rapid clinical response to treatment. PMID:26811849

  16. Cancer métaplasique du sein: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Babahabib, Moulay Abdellah; Chennana, Adil; Hachi, Aymen; Kouach, Jaoud; Moussaoui, Driss; Dhayni, Mohammed

    2014-01-01

    Les carcinomes métaplasiques du sein sont des tumeurs rares. Ils constituent un groupe hétérogène de tumeurs définis selon l'organisation mondiale de la santé comme étant un carcinome canalaire infiltrant mais comportant des zones de remaniements métaplasiques (de type épidermoïde, à cellules fusiformes, chondroïde et osseux ou mixte), qui varient de quelques foyers microscopiques à un remplacement glandulaire complet. Les aspects cliniques et radiologiques ne sont pas spécifiques. Le traitement associe la chirurgie, la radiothérapie et la chimiothérapie. L'hormonothérapie n'a pas de place. Le pronostic est sombre. L'histopathologie combinée à l'immunohistochimie permet de poser un diagnostic sure. Etant donné que la prise en charge thérapeutique est limitée, une nouvelle approche moléculaire pourrait modifier cette contribution faible et mal cernée des traitements systémiques classiques. Les patientes atteintes de carcinome métaplasique mammaire pourraient bénéficier de traitements ciblés, ce qui reste à confirmer par des essais cliniques. PMID:25870723

  17. Immunogenicity of a new Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine (meningococcal protein conjugate) (PedvaxHIB).

    PubMed

    Vella, P P; Staub, J M; Armstrong, J; Dolan, K T; Rusk, C M; Szymanski, S; Greer, W E; Marburg, S; Kniskern, P J; Schofield, T L

    1990-04-01

    Haemophilus influenzae type b is responsible for an estimated 15,000 to 20,000 cases of meningitis per year in the United States, mainly in children 2 months to 5 years old. The mortality rate from meningitis due to H influenzae type b infections ranges from 5% to 10%. Despite antibiotic treatment, up to 35% of survivors have permanent neurologic sequelae. In addition to meningitis, H. influenzae type b is responsible for other invasive infections, including epiglottitis, septicemia, cellulitis, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, pneumonia, pericarditis, and otitis media; approximately 30,000 cases H influenzae diseases occur annually in the United States. The diseases peak in incidence between 6 and 12 months of age, with almost one half of the cases occurring before 1 year of age. About 75% of disease caused by H influenzae type b occurs in children younger than 24 months old. The incidence of disease is higher in children of certain groups, including blacks, Hispanics, Eskimos and Native Americans, young children attending day-care facilities, patients with asplenia or antibody-deficiency syndromes, and children of lower socioeconomic status. There is considerable evidence that antibody to the capsular polysaccharide (polyribosylribitol-phosphate [PRP] of H influenzae type b is protective.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2107517

  18. Complications and outcomes of brown recluse spider bites in children.

    PubMed

    Hubbard, Jonathan J; James, Laura P

    2011-03-01

    Brown recluse spider bites may cause severe local and systemic morbidity, but data regarding morbidity in children are limited. This study reviewed inpatient medical records (n = 26; 10 years) with a discharge diagnosis of "spider bite" from a tertiary pediatric hospital. The majority (85%) of children had an inflammatory response accompanying necrosis, usually with signs of secondary cellulitis (77%). Hemolytic anemia (50%), rhabdomyolysis (27%), and acute renal failure (12%) were the most prevalent systemic effects. Hemolytic anemia was bimodal in distribution relative to the time-of-onset of the bite (early, 2.2 0.4; late, 6.9 1.5 days postbite, respectively; P = .004). Although no fatalities occurred in the population, 65% of children had major morbidity, including wound complications requiring surgical care and acute orbital compartment syndrome. The findings emphasize the importance of anticipatory patient/family education for outpatients and careful monitoring for systemic morbidity in inpatients. Timely and appropriate supportive care should yield favorable outcomes in most cases. PMID:21307081

  19. Epidemiology of Severe Streptococcus pyogenes Disease in Europe?

    PubMed Central

    Lamagni, Theresa L.; Darenberg, Jessica; Luca-Harari, Bogdan; Siljander, Tuula; Efstratiou, Androulla; Henriques-Normark, Birgitta; Vuopio-Varkila, Jaana; Bouvet, Anne; Creti, Roberta; Ekelund, Kim; Koliou, Maria; Reinert, Ralf Ren; Stathi, Angeliki; Strakova, Lenka; Ungureanu, Vasilica; Schaln, Claes; Jasir, Aftab

    2008-01-01

    The past 2 decades have brought worrying increases in severe Streptococcus pyogenes diseases globally. To investigate and compare the epidemiological patterns of these diseases within Europe, data were collected through a European Union FP-5-funded program (Strep-EURO). Prospective population-based surveillance of severe S. pyogenes infection diagnosed during 2003 and 2004 was undertaken in 11 countries across Europe (Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Romania, Sweden, and the United Kingdom) using a standardized case definition. A total of 5,522 cases were identified across the 11 countries during this period. Rates of reported infection varied, reaching 3/100,000 population in the northern European countries. Seasonal patterns of infection showed remarkable congruence between countries. The risk of infection was highest among the elderly, and rates were higher in males than in females in most countries. Skin lesions/wounds were the most common predisposing factor, reported in 25% of cases; 21% had no predisposing factors reported. Skin and soft tissue were the most common foci of infection, with 32% of patients having cellulitis and 8% necrotizing fasciitis. The overall 7-day case fatality rate was 19%; it was 44% among patients who developed streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. The findings from Strep-EURO confirm a high incidence of severe S. pyogenes disease in Europe. Furthermore, these results have identified targets for public health intervention, as well as raising awareness of severe S. pyogenes disease across Europe. PMID:18463210

  20. Septicaemia and meningitis caused by infection of New Zealand sea lion pups with a hypermucoviscous strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae.

    PubMed

    Roe, W D; Rogers, L; Pinpimai, K; Dittmer, K; Marshall, J; Chilvers, B L

    2015-04-17

    This study describes a syndrome of neonatal septicemia and meningitis in New Zealand sea lions, caused by a strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae that is phenotypically similar to strains causing environmentally-acquired septicemia and neuro-invasive disease in humans. Between late 2006 and early 2010, 123 pups from the Enderby Island breeding colony died of K. pneumoniae infection, with lesions including fibrinous to fibrinosuppurative meningitis, subdural hemorrhage, septic arthritis, herniation and hemorrhage of the cerebellar vermis, lymphadenitis and cellulitis. This infection was responsible for 58% of observed pup mortality over this time period, with most deaths occurring in the latter part of the breeding season (mid February onwards). The results of this study suggest that the pattern of this disease has changed since it was first described in 2002, when most deaths occurred early in the season (early to mid-January), and that it is an important and consistent cause of pup mortality in this population. In addition, a similar disease syndrome and bacterial strain was diagnosed in a single pup in a fragile recolonizing New Zealand sea lion population on mainland New Zealand, and the potential effect on this population is unknown but could have a negative impact on recolonisation at this site. PMID:25682024

  1. Longitudinal evaluation of manual lymphatic drainage for the treatment of gynoid lipodystrophy*

    PubMed Central

    Schonvvetter, Bianca; Soares, Juliana Laudicéia Marques; Bagatin, Ediléia

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND The gynoidlypodystrophy, known as cellulitis or cellulite, refers to a condition that gives the skin an undulating and uneven appearance, affecting 80-90% of women after puberty. OBJECTIVES to investigate the efficacy and safety of manual lymphatic drainage for cellulite management. METHODS this was an open, prospective, intervention study including 20 women aged from 20 to 40 years. Fourteen sessions of manual lymphatic drainage were performed once a week on lower limbs and buttocks. RESULTS Fifteen women completed the study. A significant improvement on quality of life was observed (p=0.018). A significant reduction (p=0.023), estimated at 0.3±0.8 cm, in hip circumference was found, but no difference was found in thighs circumference (p>0.05). A significant reduction elastic recuperation of skin on buttocks, which means skin elasticity worsening, was observed. All measures obtained by ultrasound images showed no changes (p>0.05). CONCLUSION manual lymphatic drainage was safe but not effective as an isolated approach for cellulite management. Further randomized, controlled or comparative studies about manual lymphatic drainage for cellulite control, as unique or combined therapeutic modality, are necessary. PMID:25184909

  2. Stripping out pus in lactational mastitis: a means of preventing breast abscess.

    PubMed Central

    Bertrand, H; Rosenblood, L K

    1991-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine whether manual stripping of pus from the breasts of women with lactational mastitis is effective in preventing the formation of breast abscesses. DESIGN: Case series (chart review). SETTING: Family practice in Montreal. PATIENTS: All (475) charts of patients with lactational mastitis were reviewed; 61 women were excluded because they already had a breast abscess. Most of the patients had been referred. OUTCOME MEASURES: Abscess formation, length of illness after treatment, rate of recurrence of mastitis, illness in the mother or infant within the 6 weeks after the mastitis and continuance of breast-feeding. MAIN RESULTS: The duration of symptoms before treatment was 1 to 56 (mean 5.3) days. In 9% of the cases both breasts were affected, and in 23% at least one episode of mastitis had previously occurred. The stripping technique was applied to all the patients. Pus was removed in 210 women; the remaining women were considered to have cellulitis. Only four patients (less than 1%) had breast abscesses. The mean length of illness after treatment was 7.2 days. The rate of recurrence was 14%. In all, 6% of the mothers and 9% of the infants became ill in the 6 weeks after the mastitis. Most (92%) of the patients continued to breast-feed. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of abscess formation was considerably lower than the rates reported in the literature. Therefore, manual stripping of pus from the infected breasts of lactating women appears to be effective in preventing breast abscesses. PMID:1873763

  3. On-Chip Cellomics Assay Enabling Algebraic and Geometric Understanding of Epigenetic Information in Cellular Networks of Living Systems. 1. Temporal Aspects of Epigenetic Information in Bacteria

    PubMed Central

    Yasuda, Kenji

    2012-01-01

    A series of studies aimed at developing methods and systems of analyzing epigenetic information in cells and in cell networks, as well as that of genetic information, was examined to expand our understanding of how living systems are determined. Because cells are minimum units reflecting epigenetic information, which is considered to map the history of a parallel-processing recurrent network of biochemical reactions, their behaviors cannot be explained by considering only conventional DNA information-processing events. The role of epigenetic information on cells, which complements their genetic information, was inferred by comparing predictions from genetic information with cell behaviour observed under conditions chosen to reveal adaptation processes, population effects and community effects. A system of analyzing epigenetic information was developed starting from the twin complementary viewpoints of cell regulation as an algebraic system (emphasis on temporal aspects) and as a geometric system (emphasis on spatial aspects). Exploiting the combination of latest microfabrication technology and measurement technologies, which we call on-chip cellomics assay, we can control and re-construct the environments and interaction of cells from algebraic and geometric viewpoints. In this review, temporal viewpoint of epigenetic information, a part of the series of single-cell-based algebraic and geometric studies of celluler systems in our research groups, are summerized and reported. The knowlege acquired from this study may lead to the use of cells that fully control practical applications like cell-based drug screening and the regeneration of organs. PMID:22969343

  4. Lymphangioléiomyomatose pulmonaire de révélation inhabituelle au cours d'une sclérose en plaque

    PubMed Central

    Jaafoura, Neirouz Ghannouchi; Guigua, Ahmed; Zaghouani, Houneida; Atig, Amira; Bakir, Dajla; Khalifa, Mabrouk; Bahri, Fethi

    2015-01-01

    La lymphangioléiomyomatose pulmonaire est une pathologie rare de la femme jeune, caractérisée par une prolifération de cellules musculaires lisses immatures, aboutissant à la destruction kystique des poumons avec possibilité d’évolution vers l'insuffisance respiratoire chronique. La découverte est souvent fortuite lors de la prise en charge d'une autre pathologie pulmonaire. Son association à une sclérose en plaque n'a jamais été rapportée, de même que l'embolie pulmonaire in situ comme manifestation inaugurale. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une patiente âgée de 39 ans, suivie pour sclérose en plaque depuis 20 ans, chez qui le diagnostic d'une lymphangioléiomyomatose pulmonaire a été posé, à l'occasion d'une broncho-pneumopathie bilatérale avec une embolie pulmonaire associée motivant la réalisation d'un angioscanner thoracique. PMID:26185588

  5. [Case of prostate cancer associated with bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw followed by retropharyngeal abscess].

    PubMed

    Soda, Tetsuji; Fukumoto, Ryo; Hayashi, Tetsuya; Oka, Daizo; Fujimoto, Nobumasa; Koide, Takuo

    2013-09-01

    A 67-year-old man with castration-resistant prostate cancer associated with multiple bone metastases had been treated with zoledronic acid and docetaxel. Although there was no evidence of damage around the right lower jaw bone, the patient complained of pain in May 2011, which worsened during the next 2 weeks and was followed by difficulty with breathing. Computed tomographic (CT) findings of the cervical area showed swelling of the cervical tissue with air and tightening of the trachea, suggesting cellulitis caused by gas gangrene. He was intubated and treated with antibiotics. On the 12th hospital day, CT scan revealed a pharyngeal abscess and we performed a drainage operation. On the 20th hospital day, bone of the intraoral lower jaw was exposed, revealing that the infection was caused by osteonecrosis. Additional CT findings showed the abscess extending to the mediastinum and multiple liver metastases. Although antibiotic therapy was continued, the patient died of liver failure on the 61st day. PMID:24113758

  6. Efficacy of Antibiotic-Impregnated Polymethylmethacrylate Beads in a Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta) with Osteomyelitis

    PubMed Central

    Kelly, Kristi R; Kapatkin, Amy R; Zwingenberger, Allison L; Christe, Kari L

    2012-01-01

    Here we describe the successful surgical implementation of antibiotic-impregnated polymethylmethacrylate beads in a rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) with marked osteomyelitis. The macaque presented to the veterinary clinic with grossly contaminated bite wounds in the left ankle secondary to conspecific trauma. Radiographic findings were highly suggestive of osteomyelitis. Additional differential diagnoses included bony infarct, fracture, and cellulitis. In light of the location of the lesion and extensive tissue trauma, the animal had a poor prognosis. Systemic, broad-spectrum antibiotics were instituted. After 2 wk of care, lesions did not respond to empirical therapies. On consultation, a veterinary orthopedic surgeon at another facility recommended placement of antibiotic-impregnated polymethylmethacrylate beads at the sites of osteomyelitis. The animal underwent minor surgery in which beads were introduced into the wound. The monkey had a positive response to therapy. The animal regained full function and was returned to outdoor social housing. Veterinarians are encouraged to consider using antibiotic-impregnated polymethylmethacrylate beads when treating osteomyelitis in other nonhuman primates and in other traditional laboratory animal species. PMID:23043785

  7. Sialendoscopy with holmium:YAG laser treatment for multiple large sialolithiases of the Wharton duct: a case report and literature review.

    PubMed

    Sun, Yu-Ting; Lee, Kuo-Sheng; Hung, Shih-Han; Su, Chin-Hui

    2014-12-01

    Sialolithiasis is defined as calcified stone(s) in the salivary duct or glands. Submandibular gland sialolithiasis is the most common (80 to 90%), followed by parotid gland sialolithiasis (5 to 15%). The typical clinical presentation is salivary gland swelling after eating. As the swelling persists, symptoms owing to local inflammation, such as pain and trismus, emerge. In severe cases, cellulitis and even abscess formation occur and subsequently lead to salivary gland atrophy or fistula formation if the sialolithiasis remains untreated. The most common treatment is complete excision of the affected gland together with the stone(s). In some cases, intraoral sialolithotomy is performed when the stone is solitary and easily palpable through the oral cavity. Sialendoscopy is increasingly performed because of its minimal invasiveness. The major limitation of endoscopic laser lithotripsy of the salivary glands is the size of the stone. Often, for a stone larger than 4 mm, multiple fragmentations of the stone into small pieces is necessary before the pieces can be removed by wire basket or grasping forceps. Recently, the holmium:YAG laser has been reported as quite effective in removing larger salivary gland stones. However, sialoendoscopic laser lithotripsy is a very time-consuming procedure and in most cases, when there are multiple large stones in a single gland, entire gland excision is recommended. This report describes a male patient diagnosed with multiple large stones in his left submandibular gland who was successfully treated under sialendoscopy with holmium:YAG laser lithotripsy. PMID:25216563

  8. Skin rash in the intensive care unit: Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, or a rare manifestation of a hidden cutaneous malignancy: A case report

    PubMed Central

    AL-SAFFAR, FARAH; IBRAHIM, SAIF; PATEL, PUJAN; JACOB, RAFIK; PALACIO, CARLOS; CURY, JAMES

    2016-01-01

    Skin rashes are infrequently encountered in the intensive care units, either as a result or as a cause of admission. The entities of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) form a spectrum of desquamating skin diseases that have multiple etiologies, the most common being drug-related reactions; very rarely, the cause may be cutaneous malignancies. We herein present a unique case of a 54-year-old male patient with psoriasis treated with methotrexate, who presented with a cellulitis-like clinical picture, then developed a severe progressive systemic inflammatory response syndrome, and progressed clinically to SJS, then TEN even after discontinuing the antibiotics and methotrexate. A skin biopsy demonstrated an aggressive and rapidly-progressing T-cell lymphoma. The present case highlights the necessity of skin biopsy when encountering SJS and TEN in the ICU in order to identify potentially treatable/controllable causes. Although it appeared reasonable to correlate TEN solely to medications, the skin biopsies clearly demonstrated an aggressive T-cell skin lymphoma. In a patient with a better general condition it may have been helpful to treat this malignancy. TEN is a life-threatening condition and skin biopsy is the cornerstone of diagnosis, despite the presence of multiple risk factors and the typical physical findings of a drug-induced reaction.

  9. Skin, soft tissue and systemic bacterial infections following aquatic injuries and exposures.

    PubMed

    Diaz, James H; Lopez, Fred A

    2015-03-01

    : Bacterial infections following aquatic injuries occur commonly in fishermen and vacationers after freshwater and saltwater exposures. Internet search engines were queried with the key words to describe the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic and treatment strategies and outcomes of both the superficial and the deeper invasive infections caused by more common, newly emerging and unusual aquatic bacterial pathogens. Main findings included the following: (1) aquatic injuries often result in gram-negative polymicrobial infections with marine bacteria; (2) most marine bacteria are resistant to 1st- and 2nd-generation penicillins and cephalosporins; (3) nontuberculous, mycobacterial infections should be considered in late-onset, culture-negative and antibiotic-resistant marine infections; (4) superficial marine infections and pre-existing wounds exposed to seawater may result in deeply invasive infections and sepsis in immunocompromised patients. With the exception of minor marine wounds demonstrating localized cellulitis, most other marine infections and all gram-negative and mycobacterial marine infections will require therapy with antibiotic combinations. PMID:25374398

  10. Neonatal Tracheostomy Issues and Solutions

    PubMed Central

    A, Saadia; GR, Prasad

    2015-01-01

    Aims: To record and analyse the technical aspects of neonatal tracheostomy and to suggest some solutions. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective observational cohort of 37 cases of neonatal tracheostomies performed over 30 years (1985-2014). Results: Thirty-three of the 37 tracheostomies were done as an elective procedure and four done emergently. Eighteen neonatal tracheostomies were done with a low transverse cervical incision and 19 were done with low vertical cervical incision. Three patients had bleeding while exposing the trachea. Trachea could not easily be identified in 2 cases. Commercial tracheostomy tubes were used in only 20 cases. In 17 patients, the conventional endotracheal tubes 2.5 or 3fr size were used. There were 3 instances of wound infection out of which one has peri-tracheostomy necrotizing cellulitis and the neonate succumbed to sepsis. Two cases had surgical emphysema. No case had pneumothorax. Conclusion: We described tracheostomy in neonates in a resource constrained centre. Various makeshift arrangements can be used in absence of standard supplies. PMID:26034707

  11. Insights into the Staphylococcus aureus-Host Interface: Global Changes in Host and Pathogen Gene Expression in a Rabbit Skin Infection Model

    PubMed Central

    Malachowa, Natalia; Kobayashi, Scott D.; Sturdevant, Daniel E.; Scott, Dana P.; DeLeo, Frank R.

    2015-01-01

    Staphylococcus aureus is an important cause of human skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) globally. Notably, 80% of all SSTIs are caused by S. aureus, of which ?63% are abscesses and/or cellulitis. Although progress has been made, our knowledge of the host and pathogen factors that contribute to the pathogenesis of SSTIs is incomplete. To provide a more comprehensive view of this process, we monitored changes in the S. aureus transcriptome and selected host proinflammatory molecules during abscess formation and resolution in a rabbit skin infection model. Within the first 24 h, S. aureus transcripts involved in DNA repair, metabolite transport, and metabolism were up-regulated, suggesting an increase in the machinery encoding molecules involved in replication and cell division. There was also increased expression of genes encoding virulence factors, namely secreted toxins and fibronectin and/or fibrinogen-binding proteins. Of the host genes tested, we found that transcripts encoding IL-8, IL1?, oncostatin M-like, CCR1, CXCR1 (IL8RA), CCL4 (MIP-1?) and CCL3 (MIP1?)-like proteins were among the most highly up-regulated transcripts during S. aureus abscess formation. Our findings provide additional insight into the pathogenesis of S. aureus SSTIs, including a temporal component of the host response. These results serve as a springboard for future studies directed to better understand how/why mild or moderate SSTIs progress to invasive disease. PMID:25719526

  12. Necrotizing fasciitis – a diagnostic dilemma: two case reports

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Necrotizing soft tissue infections can affect various tissue planes. Although predisposing etiologies are many, they mostly center on impaired immunity occurring directly or indirectly and loss of integrity of protective barriers which predispose to infection. The nonspecific presentation may delay diagnosis and favor high mortality. Case presentation Two case vignettes are presented. The first patient, a 44-year-old healthy South Asian man with a history of repeated minor traumatic injury presented to a primary health care center with a swollen left lower limb. He was treated with antibiotics with an initial diagnosis of cellulitis. Because he deteriorated rapidly and additionally developed intestinal obstruction, he was transferred to our hospital which is a tertiary health care center for further evaluation and management. Prompt clinical diagnosis of necrotizing soft tissue infection was made and confirmed on magnetic resonance imaging as necrotizing fasciitis. Urgent debridement was done, but the already spread infection resulted in rapid clinical deterioration with resultant mortality. The second patient was a 35-year-old South Asian woman with systemic lupus erythematous receiving immunosuppressive therapy who developed left lower limb pain and fever. Medical attention was sought late as she came to the hospital after 4 days. Her condition deteriorated rapidly as she developed septic shock and died within 2 days. Conclusions Necrotizing fasciitis can be fatal when not recognized and without early intervention. Clinicians and surgeons alike should have a greater level of suspicion and appreciation for this uncommon yet lethal infection. PMID:24965382

  13. Post-mortem findings in Irish culled hounds.

    PubMed

    Jahns, H; Callanan, J J; McElroy, M C; Sammin, D J; Bassett, H F

    2011-07-01

    Little is known of the common diseases of hunting dogs or of the reasons why they are culled. To address these questions, necropsy examinations were conducted on 52 hounds aged 1.5-12 years (mean 6.5 ± 2.5 years) and culled from 10 Irish hunting kennels over a 3-year period. Progressive systemic disease was seen in six dogs only and encompassed individual cases of tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis, bronchioalveolar carcinoma with metastasis to regional lymph nodes, renal amyloidosis, suppurative pneumonia, extramedullary plasmacytoma in the atrial wall of the heart and foreign body-induced hepatitis with focal peritonitis. Single or multiple localized tumours were identified in five dogs and, apart from the aforementioned, included two cutaneous haemangiomas, a trichoepithelioma, a lipoma and a mammary ductal adenoma. Three dogs were culled for lameness; one of these dogs had torn musculature, another had cellulitis and the third had a healed fracture of the tibia and fibula. Chronic renal changes were present in 48% of the dogs and included focal proliferative, exudative or crescentic glomerulonephritis (33%) or low-grade interstitial inflammatory changes (50%). The most frequently diagnosed skin lesions reported in this study were mild healed decubitus ulcers (33%), scars (33%) and stereotypic dermatitis (13%). These findings indicate that hounds are likely to be culled for reasons other than the presence of disease in most cases. In addition, this survey highlights different disease patterns in hounds than are typically observed in pet dogs. PMID:21247584

  14. Clinical application of sartorius tendon transposition during radical vulvectomy: a case control study of 58 cases at a single institution

    PubMed Central

    Kou, Xinxin; Feng, Xiaojie; Liu, Fenghua; Chao, Hongtu; Wang, Liying

    2015-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effects of sartorius tendon transposition versus sartorius transposition during bilateral inguinal lymphadenectomy of radical vulvectomy. Methods A total of 58 vulvar cancer patients who had surgery from May 2007 to October 2013, in which 30 patients received sartorius transposition and 28 patients received sartorius tendon transposition. All patients were matched by age, body mass index, stage, histology, and grade. Intraoperative variables and postoperative complications, recurrence, progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) and postoperative life quality were compared and analyzed. Results No significant differences were found at median surgical times and amounts of bleeding (p=0.316 and p=0.249, respectively), neither at the incidences of groin cellulitis and lymphocele (p=0.673 and p=0.473, respectively), but the recovery times of the inguinal wounds were shorter (p=0.026) and the incidences of wound break and chronic lymphedema were significantly decreased in the tendon transposition group (p=0.012 and p=0.022, respectively). Postoperative quality of life in tendon transposition group was significantly improved as indicated by the EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire. Recurrences were similar (p=0.346) and no significant differences were found at PFS and OS (p=0.990 and p=0.683, respectively). Conclusion Compared to sartorius transposition, sartorius tendon transposition during inguinal lymphadenectomy led to improved patient recovery, reduced postoperative complications, and improved life quality without compromising the outcomes. PMID:26404124

  15. Control of Cellular Morphology by Mechanical Factors

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Thoumine, Olivier

    1996-11-01

    This short review deals with the influence of mechanical factors on eucaryotic cell morphology and structure. We classify these factors into two types: i) external forces (e.g. gravitational forces or hemodynamic stresses), which when applied experimentally allow characterization of passive mechanical properties; and ii) internal forces, e.g. generated by molecular motors or polymerization processes. Perturbation of one or more of these forces induces significant changes in cell shape, cytoskeleton and pericellular matrix organization. We describe these phenomena in view of current models. Cette brve revue traite de l'influence des facteurs mcaniques sur la morphologie et la structure des cellules eucaryotes. Nous classifions ces facteurs en deux catgories : i) les forces externes (par exemple les forces de gravitation et les contraintes hmodynamiques) qui, imposes in vitro, permettent de caractriser les proprits mcaniques passives ; et ii) les forces internes, par exemple celles gnres par les moteurs molculaires ou les processus de polymrisation. La perturbation de l'une ou de l'autre de ces forces provoque des changements significatifs de la morphologie cellulaire ainsi que l'organisation du cytosquelette et de la matrice pricellulaire. Nous dcrivons ces phnomnes en fonction de modles existants.

  16. Pharmacokinetics of a single subcutaneous dose of sustained release buprenorphine in northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris).

    PubMed

    Molter, Christine M; Barbosa, Lorraine; Johnson, Shawn; Knych, Heather K; Chinnadurai, Sathya K; Wack, Raymund F

    2015-03-01

    Information regarding analgesics in pinnipeds is limited. This study aimed to establish the pharmacokinetic parameters of a single subcutaneous dose of sustained release buprenorphine (Buprenorphine SR) in juvenile northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) with regard to its potential to provide long-lasting analgesia that requires infrequent dosing. Seals (n=26) were administered a single dose of sustained release buprenorphine at 0.12 mg/kg s.c. Blood samples were collected from the extradural intervertebral vein at 0 hr and at three or four of the following time points: 0.5, 1, 2, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 96, 120, and 144 hr. Seals were examined daily for systemic and local adverse reactions. Plasma was analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem-mass spectrometry for buprenorphine and norbuprenorphine concentrations. A noncompartmental analysis for pharmacokinetic parameters was calculated using standard methods and equations. An average maximum concentration of 1.21 ng/ml (0.3-2.9 ng/ml) was detected 12 hr postadministration. Concentrations were quantifiable up to 144 hr postadministration but were below those expected to provide analgesia in some other species. No systemic adverse effects were noted in healthy seals receiving sustained release buprenorphine. Cellulitis or abscesses at the injection site were observed in 6/26 (23%) seals between 24 and 168 hr postadministration. Adverse local effects suggest that this drug should be used with caution in northern elephant seals. PMID:25831576

  17. Pyoderma GangrenosumLike Ulcer in a Patient With X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia

    PubMed Central

    Murray, Patrick R.; Jain, Ashish; Uzel, Gulbu; Ranken, Raymond; Ivy, Cristina; Blyn, Lawrence B.; Ecker, David J.; Sampath, Rangarajan; Lee, Chyi-Chia Richard; Turner, Maria L.

    2011-01-01

    Background Pyoderma gangrenosumlike ulcers and cellulitis of the lower extremities associated with recurrent fevers in patients with X-linked (Bruton) agammaglobulinemia have been reported to be caused by Helicobacter bilis (formerly classified as Flexispira rappini and then Helicobacter strain flexispira taxon 8). Consistent themes in these reports are the difficulty in recovering this organism in blood and wound cultures and in maintaining isolates in vitro. We confirmed the presence of this organism in a patients culture by using a novel application of gene amplification polymerase chain reaction and electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Observation An adolescent boy with X-linked agammaglobulinemia presented with indurated plaques and a chronic leg ulcer whose origin was strongly suspected to be an H bilis organism. Histologic analysis demonstrated positive Warthin-Starry staining of curvilinear rods, which grew in culture but failed to grow when sub-cultured. They could not be identified by conventional techniques. A combination of gene amplification by polymerase chain reaction and electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry confirmed the identity of this organism. Conclusions This novel technology was useful in the identification of a difficult-to-grow Helicobacter organism, the cause of pyoderma gangrenosumlike leg ulcers in patients with X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Correct identification of this organism as the cause of pyoderma gangrenosumlike ulcers in patients with X-linked agammaglobulinemia is of great importance for the early initiation of appropriate and curative antibiotic therapy. PMID:20479300

  18. Mass Spectrometry-Based Bacterial Proteomics: Focus on Dermatologic Microbial Pathogens.

    PubMed

    Soufi, Youcef; Soufi, Boumediene

    2016-01-01

    The composition of human skin acts as a natural habitat for various bacterial species that function in a commensal and symbiotic fashion. In a healthy individual, bacterial flora serves to protect the host. Under certain conditions such as minor trauma, impaired host immunity, or environmental factors, the risk of developing skin infections is increased. Although a large majority of bacterial associated skin infections are common, a portion can potentially manifest into clinically significant morbidity. For example, Gram-positive species that typically reside on the skin such as Staphylococcus and Streptococcus can cause numerous epidermal (impetigo, ecthyma) and dermal (cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis, erysipelas) skin infections. Moreover, the increasing incidence of bacterial antibiotic resistance represents a serious challenge to modern medicine and threatens the health care system. Therefore, it is critical to develop tools and strategies that can allow us to better elucidate the nature and mechanism of bacterial virulence. To this end, mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics has been revolutionizing biomedical research, and has positively impacted the microbiology field. Advances in MS technologies have paved the way for numerous bacterial proteomes and their respective post translational modifications (PTMs) to be accurately identified and quantified in a high throughput and robust fashion. This technological platform offers critical information with regards to signal transduction, adherence, and microbial-host interactions associated with bacterial pathogenesis. This mini-review serves to highlight the current progress proteomics has contributed toward the understanding of bacteria that are associated with skin related diseases, infections, and antibiotic resistance. PMID:26925048

  19. Clinical and bacteriological characteristics of Helicobacter cinaedi infection.

    PubMed

    Kawamura, Yoshiaki; Tomida, Junko; Morita, Yuji; Fujii, Shigemoto; Okamoto, Tatsuya; Akaike, Takaaki

    2014-09-01

    Helicobacter cinaedi was first isolated from rectal cultures from homosexual men in 1984. In the 1980s to mid 1990s, the microorganism was mainly isolated from samples from homosexual men or immunocompromised patients; however, during the last two decades, H. cinaedi has been isolated from immunocompromised and from immunocompetent individuals worldwide. In Japan, the isolation of this microorganism was first reported in 2003. Since then, many cases have been reported in hospitals across the country. Despite many reports, the etiological properties and pathogenicity of H. cinaedi remain elusive; however, we are increasingly able to recognize some of the features and the clinical relevance of infection. In particular, a long incubation period is essential for detection in an automatic blood culture system and many of the recent isolates are resistant to both macrolides and quinolones. Furthermore, there is an association between infection and severe or chronic illnesses, such as meningitis or arteriosclerosis, in addition to mild diseases such as fever, abdominal pain, gastroenteritis, proctitis, diarrhea, erysipelas, cellulitis, arthritis, and bacteremia. In this review, we introduce the current knowledge and our latest findings relating to H. cinaedi. PMID:25022901

  20. Bacterial skin infections, active component, U.S. Armed Forces, 2000-2012.

    PubMed

    2013-12-01

    From 2000 through 2012, health care records of the Military Health System documented 998,671 incident cases of bacterial skin infections among active component members of the U.S. Armed Forces. Most cases (97.3%) were identified from records of outpatient medical encounters rather than hospitalizations. Cellulitis accounted for half (50.9%) of all cases of bacterial skin infection but 96 percent of associated hospital bed days. Of all cases, 42.3 percent were "other" skin infections (i.e., folliculitis, impetigo, pyoderma, pyogenic granuloma, other and unspecified infections). The remainder were attributable to carbuncles/furuncles (6.6%) and erysipelas (0.1%). Rates of infection were higher among female service members except for "other" skin infections. In general, the highest rates were associated with youth, recruit trainee status, and junior enlisted rank; however, rates of erysipelas were highest among those 50 years and older. Annual incidence rates of all bacterial skin infections have increased greatly since 2000. During the entire period, such infections required more than 1.4 million health care encounters and 94,000 hospital bed-days (equivalent to 257 years of lost duty time). The prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment of bacterial skin infections, particularly in high risk settings, deserve continued emphasis. PMID:24428536

  1. Mass Spectrometry-Based Bacterial Proteomics: Focus on Dermatologic Microbial Pathogens

    PubMed Central

    Soufi, Youcef; Soufi, Boumediene

    2016-01-01

    The composition of human skin acts as a natural habitat for various bacterial species that function in a commensal and symbiotic fashion. In a healthy individual, bacterial flora serves to protect the host. Under certain conditions such as minor trauma, impaired host immunity, or environmental factors, the risk of developing skin infections is increased. Although a large majority of bacterial associated skin infections are common, a portion can potentially manifest into clinically significant morbidity. For example, Gram-positive species that typically reside on the skin such as Staphylococcus and Streptococcus can cause numerous epidermal (impetigo, ecthyma) and dermal (cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis, erysipelas) skin infections. Moreover, the increasing incidence of bacterial antibiotic resistance represents a serious challenge to modern medicine and threatens the health care system. Therefore, it is critical to develop tools and strategies that can allow us to better elucidate the nature and mechanism of bacterial virulence. To this end, mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomics has been revolutionizing biomedical research, and has positively impacted the microbiology field. Advances in MS technologies have paved the way for numerous bacterial proteomes and their respective post translational modifications (PTMs) to be accurately identified and quantified in a high throughput and robust fashion. This technological platform offers critical information with regards to signal transduction, adherence, and microbial–host interactions associated with bacterial pathogenesis. This mini-review serves to highlight the current progress proteomics has contributed toward the understanding of bacteria that are associated with skin related diseases, infections, and antibiotic resistance. PMID:26925048

  2. Rarely seen infections.

    PubMed

    Amer, Mohamed; Amer, Amin

    2014-01-01

    There are many rare cutaneous infections of the face. This phrase seems irrelevant, because rare infections in certain parts of the world are common in others. This is more apparent if applied to different sites of the body (eg, face). For instance, cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is common in Central and South America and uncommon in the United States. Because most medical practitioners in this country have never seen a case, it is easy for them to miss a diagnosis. Cutaneous leishmaniasis, a protozoan infection transmitted by phlebotomine sand flies, is typically divided into two forms: one found in the Middle East, Asia, Africa, and southern Europe, called Old World leishmaniasis, and one found in Latin and Central America, called New World leishmaniasis. Also atypical mycobacterial infection has been described in the medical literature since the mid-1950s. The development and introduction of a rapid radiometric mycobacterial detection system has advanced the field of mycobacteriology over the past 20 years. This method has allowed the distinction of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from other mycobacteria and enabled the performance of antimicrobial susceptibility testing of mycobacteria. The increased frequency of atypical mycobacterial infection stems from advances in the diagnostic procedures concerning the infection paired with the prevalence of mycobacterial disease in immunocompromised patients infected with HIV. Erysipelas and facial cellulitis are covered briefly in this paper. PMID:25441467

  3. Etude Statistique du Champ de Vitesse de quelques Regions H II Galactiques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boily, Edouard

    1993-01-01

    Des observations en interferometrie Fabry-Perot ont ete utilisees afin de tracer des cartes de vitesse des nebuleuses galactiques S158, M42, M17 et S142 dans diverses fenetres spectrales. Ces observations ont toutes ete obtenues au telescope de 1.60 m de l'Observatoire du mont Megantic. Une panoplie de logiciels ont ete developpes sous environnement IRAF afin de traiter et d'analyser les interferogrammes dont, entre autre, un logiciel de calcul des fonctions statistiques d'autocorrelation et de structure 1D et 2D. Les fonctions d'autocorrelation et de structure ont ete calculees pour les champs de vitesse corriges des quatres objets sus-mentionnes. Toutes ces regions H II montrent une longueur de correlation de 0.02 +/- 0,01 pc. Le dimension maximale des cellules de turbulence pour tous les objets traites est de l'ordre de 0.1 pc. Ce resultat peut etre explique par la presence d'instabilites de Rayleigh-Taylor et de Kelvin-Helmoltz dans les nebuleuses. Les fonctions de structure calculees ne peuvent ni confirmer, ni infirmer les predictions du modele de Kolmogoroff.

  4. Going Out on a Limb: Do Not Delay Diagnosis of Necrotizing Fasciitis in Varicella Infection.

    PubMed

    Sturgeon, Jonathan P; Segal, Laura; Verma, Anita

    2015-07-01

    Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a rare complication of varicella zoster (chicken pox) infection. Its diagnosis can be delayed or missed, which increases mortality and morbidity, because it initially presents similarly to cellulitis. We present the case of a 5-year-old boy who presented with a swollen leg, the difficulties in the diagnosis of NF, and a review of the literature. Necrotizing fasciitis complicating varicella zoster in children is associated with 3.4% mortality, although this rises to 13.6% in streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. Seventy-one percent of cases are confirmed as being caused by group A ?-hemolytic Streptococcus. The association of NF with chicken pox is discussed along with the difficulties in diagnosis and treatment options. Necrotizing fasciitis is a surgical emergency and should be considered by all emergency department acute care practitioners in cases of varicella in which fever is enduring and swelling or pain is disproportionate. Because of the difficulty in diagnosis, senior opinion should be sought early. PMID:25356828

  5. Complications of nephrotic syndrome.

    PubMed

    Park, Se Jin; Shin, Jae Il

    2011-08-01

    Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is one of the most common glomerular diseases that affect children. Renal histology reveals the presence of minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) in more than 80% of these patients. Most patients with MCNS have favorable outcomes without complications. However, a few of these children have lesions of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, suffer from severe and prolonged proteinuria, and are at high risk for complications. Complications of NS are divided into two categories: disease-associated and drug-related complications. Disease-associated complications include infections (e.g., peritonitis, sepsis, cellulitis, and chicken pox), thromboembolism (e.g., venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism), hypovolemic crisis (e.g., abdominal pain, tachycardia, and hypotension), cardiovascular problems (e.g., hyperlipidemia), acute renal failure, anemia, and others (e.g., hypothyroidism, hypocalcemia, bone disease, and intussusception). The main pathomechanism of disease-associated complications originates from the large loss of plasma proteins in the urine of nephrotic children. The majority of children with MCNS who respond to treatment with corticosteroids or cytotoxic agents have smaller and milder complications than those with steroid-resistant NS. Corticosteroids, alkylating agents, cyclosporin A, and mycophenolate mofetil have often been used to treat NS, and these drugs have treatment-related complications. Early detection and appropriate treatment of these complications will improve outcomes for patients with NS. PMID:22087198

  6. Mouth in Foot Disease.

    PubMed

    Melton, Katie S; DeRosa, Daniel C; Agee, Willie A; Pires, Valerie L; Yim, Duke G; Ngauy, Viseth

    2015-09-01

    Toothpicks are commonly used household items that rarely cause serious injury or infection. Toothpick-related injuries often occur due to ingestion with subsequent trauma/infection at distal sites within the gastrointestinal tract; however, cardiovascular, pleural, and soft tissue infections have been reported. Eikenella corrodens is a gram-negative, facultative anaerobic bacillus found in oral flora associated with bite wound infections. A few case reports describe E. corrodens osteomyelitis from toothpick puncture wounds. We report a case of foot cellulitis and abscess in an elderly diabetic after toothpick puncture injury that was unresponsive to empiric antibiotics. Wound cultures grew E. corrodens and rare Peptostreptococcus species. E. corrodens is resistant to first-generation cephalosporins, macrolides, aminoglycosides, clindamycin, and metronidazole. This case highlights the insidious nature of E. corrodens infections and the need to tailor empiric antibiotics for skin and soft tissue infections based on the mechanism of injury. In addition, this case stresses the importance of protective footwear in diabetics and serves as a cautionary tale regarding the use of seemingly innocuous toothpicks. PMID:26793413

  7. A survey of Campylobacter bacteremia in three Danish counties, 1989 to 1994.

    PubMed

    Schønheyder, H C; Søgaard, P; Frederiksen, W

    1995-01-01

    Over a 5-year period (April 1989 to March 1994) bacteremia caused by Campylobacter species was diagnosed in 15 patients in a population of 1.3 million in three counties in Jutland province, Denmark. The incidence was 0.2/100,000/year and the ratio of blood to fecal isolates, was 0.008. Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni accounted for 6 cases each, Campylobacter fetus for 2, and in 1 case the species diagnosis was uncertain. Seven patients were males and 8 females; median age was 42 (range 15-90) years. 11 patients had underlying disorders, including immunological, neoplastic and vascular disease. In a 67-year-old man a Starr-Edwards prosthesis of the aortic valve was probably infected by C. fetus, as recurrent bacteremia resolved following valve replacement. Eight patients had pyrexia and diarrhea, whereas 7 had pyrexia with only slight intestinal discomfort or none at all. In 4 patients the bacteremia was associated with cutaneous cellulitis or vasculitis. 14 of 15 patients survived. Campylobacter bacteremia seems to be more common in Denmark than hitherto thought. PMID:7660078

  8. Fine Structure of Diffuse Scattering Rings in Al-Li-Cu Quasicrystal: A Comparative X-ray and Electron Diffraction Study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Donnadieu, P.; Dnoyer, F.

    1996-11-01

    A comparative X-ray and electron diffraction study has been performed on Al-Li-Cu icosahedral quasicrystal in order to investigate the diffuse scattering rings revealed by a previous work. Electron diffraction confirms the existence of rings but shows that the rings have a fine structure. The diffuse aspect on the X-ray diffraction patterns is then due to an averaging effect. Recent simulations based on the model of canonical cells related to the icosahedral packing give diffractions patterns in agreement with this fine structure effect. Nous comparons les diagrammes de diffraction des rayon-X et des lectrons obtenus sur les mmes chantillons du quasicristal icosadrique Al-Li-Cu. Notre but est d'tudier les anneaux de diffusion diffuse mis en vidence par un travail prcdent. Les diagrammes de diffraction lectronique confirment la prsence des anneaux mais ils montrent aussi que ces anneaux possdent une structure fine. L'aspect diffus des anneaux rvls par la diffraction des rayons X est d un effet de moyenne. Des simulations rcentes bases sur la dcomposition en cellules canoniques de l'empilement icosadrique produisent des diagrammes de diffraction en accord avec ces effects de structure fine.

  9. Foot ischemia after a free fibula flap harvest: immediate salvage with an interpositional sapheneous vein graft.

    PubMed

    Saydam, Funda Akoz; Basaran, Karaca; Ceran, Fatih; Mert, Bulent

    2014-09-01

    The most dreaded major donor-site complication of free fibula flap is a foot ischemia, which is fortunately rare. Various authors have discussed the efficacy of the use of preoperative imaging methods including color Doppler, magnetic resonance angiography, and conventional angiography. A 25-year-old man presented with a 10-cm mandibular defect after a facial gunshot injury. Lower extremity color Doppler revealed triphasic peroneal, tibialis anterior, and posterior artery flows. A fibula osteocutaneous flap was harvested, and the mandible was reconstructed. However, the suture sites at the donor site began to demonstrate signs of necrosis, abscess formation, and widespread cellulitis beginning from postoperative day 9. Angiogram of the lower extremity on the 13th day demonstrated no flow in the right posterior tibial artery distal to the popliteal artery, whereas the anterior tibial artery had weak flow with collateral filling distally. An emergency bypass with a saphenous vein graft between the popliteal artery and the distal posterior tibial artery was performed. Repeated debridements, local wound care, and vacuum-assisted closure were applied. A skin graft was placed eventually. The extremity healed without severe functional disability. In conclusion, although the arterial anatomy is completely normal in preoperative evaluation, vascular complications may still ocur at the donor fibula free flap site. In addition, emergency cardiovascular bypass surgery, as we experienced, may be necessary for limb perfusion. PMID:25119400

  10. Griffe cubitale d'origine lépreuse traitée par transfert tendineux de Lasso Zancolli: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    El Alaoui, Adil; Sbiyaa, Mouhcine; Bah, Aliou; Rabhi, Ilyas; mezzani, Amine; Marzouki, Amine; Boutayeb, Fawzi

    2015-01-01

    La lèpre est une maladie infectieuse due à une mycobactérie (M. Leprae, Bacille de Hansen, ou BH) dont le tropisme nerveux est destructeur pour les cellules de Schwann. La localisation préférentielle des neuropathies tronculaire secondaire à la lèpre restent dominé par les zones ou les troncs nerveux traversent les défilés ostéo-ligamentaires inextensibles comme le défilé rétro-épitrochléen ou passe le nerf ulnaire. De nombreux travaux ont été consacrés à la souffrance nerveuse secondaire à la lèpre et surtout l'atteinte du nerf ulnaire qui se manifeste par une griffe des doigts. Le traitement dans ce cas est palliatif et fait appel à plusieurs techniques décrites dans la littérature. Nous rapportons dans ce travail un cas de griffe cubitale chez un patient lépreux traité par transfert tendineux de Lasso Zancolli. PMID:26985277

  11. Radical reduction of upper extremity lymphedema with preservation of perforators.

    PubMed

    Salgado, Christopher J; Sassu, Paolo; Gharb, Bahar Bassiri; Spanio di Spilimbergo, Stefano; Mardini, Samir; Chen, Hung-Chi

    2009-09-01

    Excisional procedures have been successfully utilized by different authors in multistage treatment of upper extremity lymphedema. We have used microsurgical principles of perforator flap surgery in order to develop a one-stage procedure that enables a radical reduction of the lymphedematous tissue with preservation of the vascular supply to the overlying skin.Between March 2000 and February 2007, 11 patients affected by late stage II lymphedema underwent radical reduction of the affected tissues with preservation of perforators. Perforator vessels from the radial and posterior interosseous arteries were identified and through medial and lateral forearm incisions, skin flaps were raised off the underlying lymphedematous tissue and the affected tissue was removed off the deep fascia. At a mean follow-up of 17.8 months the average percentage reductions above and below the elbow, at the wrist, and the hand were 15.1%, 20.7%, 0.5%, and 3.6%, respectively. Statistical analysis showed significant circumference reduction above and below the elbow (P = 0.048 and 0.022, respectively) but not at the wrist and hand. There were no cases of wound breakdown, skin necrosis, or cellulitis in the postoperative period. Four patients complained of mild numbness confined to the vicinity of the surgical incisions.Microvascular principles applied to the radical excision of the subcutaneous tissue seems to offer a new promising one-stage surgical procedure in patients affected by upper extremity lymphedema that has failed conservative therapy. PMID:19692901

  12. [Invasive streptococcal infections].

    PubMed

    Kosina, P; Plísek, S; Dostál, V; Morávková, M; Cermák, P; Preis, J; Lukes, A; Kracmarová, R; Krausová, J

    2007-12-01

    The severity of streptococcal infections depends upon different virulence of individual strains of its causative agent. The most important species are beta-haemolytic group A streptococci (GAS). Clinical manifestations include skin affections, respiratory tract infections and, in particular, serious systemic invasive infections. The pathogenicity of GAS is derived from cell wall components and extracellular products, especially toxins with properties of the so-called superantigens. Less invasive forms of the disease are include necrotizing fasciitis, myositis, pneumonia, sepsis without focus, arthritis, meningitis, puerperal sepsis, streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) and severe course of erysipelas and cellulitis with blood culture positive for GAS. In most cases, soft tissue infections dominate, often accompanied by chronic diseases of lower extremities in elderly patients. The other clinical forms are rather rare. In children, the condition is clearly frequently related to chickenpox. The generally accepted therapeutic management comprises comprehensive intensive care, early administration of penicillin in combination with clindamycin, and surgical intervention. The use of intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG), elimination methods and hyperbaric oxygen are under discussion. The slight increase in cases and ineffective prevention require rapid assessment of diagnosis and adequate treatment as a protracted course of the condition is connected with a high mortality rate. PMID:18320500

  13. [Study of Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia in children].

    PubMed

    Sakata, Hiroshi

    2005-01-01

    From July 1999 to June 2004, we evaluated Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteremia in 40 children in Kamikawa and Soya Subprefectures in Hokkaido by obtaining the patient's information from 7 out of 9 hospitals in the area. The incidences of S. pneumoniae bacteremia in children aged < 2 years and < 5 years were 79.1 and 63.4. Median age was 19.6 months with a range from 4 months to 4 years. Thirty-one (77.5%) of the total were less than 2 years old. All of the children were admitted. The diagnoses were occult bacteremia in 12 patients, pneumonia or bronchitis in 11, pharyngitis in 7, pneumonia and acute otitis media in 5, acute otitis media in 3, orbital cellulitis in 1, and arthritis in 1. All of the patients had fever and temperatures and 35 (87.5%) of them were more than 39 degrees C. Ten patients had a febrile convulsion. Twenty-nine had a high total white blood cell counts (> 15,000/microg/ml) and 31 had positive CRP values (> 0.6 mg/dl) on admission. Meningitis and poor prognosis did not occur after occult bacteremia in our patients. We studied the susceptibility to penicillin G in 22 strains of S. pneumoniae isolated from the children. One and 18 strains were penicillin-resistant (MIC > or = 2.0 microg/ml) and intermediate (MIC 0.1-1.0 microg/ml). PMID:15717476

  14. Molecular Characterization of Invasive Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis, Japan

    PubMed Central

    Wajima, Takeaki; Morozumi, Miyuki; Hanada, Shigeo; Sunaoshi, Katsuhiko; Chiba, Naoko; Iwata, Satoshi

    2016-01-01

    We collected β-hemolytic streptococci (1,611 isolates) from patients with invasive streptococcal infections in Japan during April 2010–March 2013. Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (SDSE) was most common (n = 693); 99% of patients with SDSE infections were elderly (mean age 75 years, SD ±15 years). We aimed to clarify molecular and epidemiologic characteristics of SDSE isolates and features of patient infections. Bacteremia with no identified focus of origin and cellulitis were the most prevalent manifestations; otherwise, clinical manifestations resembled those of S. pyogenes infections. Clinical manifestations also differed by patient’s age. SDSE isolates were classified into 34 emm types; stG6792 was most prevalent (27.1%), followed by stG485 and stG245. Mortality rates did not differ according to emm types. Multilocus sequence typing identified 46 sequence types and 12 novel types. Types possessing macrolide- and quinolone-resistance genes were 18.4% and 2.6%, respectively; none showed β-lactam resistance. Among aging populations, invasive SDSE infections are an increasing risk. PMID:26760778

  15. Fatal lower limb infection by Trichosporon asahii in an immunocompetent patient.

    PubMed

    Baka, Stavroula; Tsouma, Iliana; Kouskouni, Evangelia

    2013-01-01

    Trichosporon (T.) asahii can cause superficial skin infections and can be an opportunistic pathogen that produces potentially fatal systemic infections in immunocompromised hosts. We report a case of lower limb infection due to T. asahii in an immunocompetent patient who displayed no evidence of underlying disease. There is a strong possibility that our patient had been colonized at the infection site as part of the normal skin flora. After one-month bed rest due to an accidental fall and fracture of the right shoulder blade, a 61-year-old woman experienced severe edema and redness in the right lower limb and received topical treatment with iodine solution and antibiotics without improvement. She presented at our Outpatient Clinic with cellulitis and lymphedema. Samples collected from the affected areas revealed T. asahii and the patient was referred to a hospital for infectious diseases for appropriate therapy. The patient was treated with wound dressings until she was admitted to our intensive care unit when her general condition abruptly deteriorated. Despite in vitro susceptibility results, therapy with liposomal amphotericin and voriconazole could not change the fatal outcome. Nowadays, physicians must suspect this emerging difficult-to-treat fungal pathogen and treatment must start promptly in these infections. PMID:24476611

  16. Mesures experimentales de l'impact des revetements hydrophobeset superhydrophobes sur la trainee et la portance d'un profil aerodynamique propre et glace

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Villeneuve, Eric

    Ce projet, realise a la demande du Laboratoire International des Materiaux Antigivre, a pour but de mesurer et definir experimentalement l'impact de revetements hydrophobes sur les coefficients de trainee et de portance d'un profil NACA 0012. Pour ce faire, la balance aerodynamique du LIMA devait tout d'abord etre amelioree afin d'offrir une sensibilite suffisante pour realiser le projet. Plusieurs ameliorations ont ete faites, comme le changement des cellules de charge, la diminution du nombre de cellules de charge, le changement du cadre de la balance, etc. Une fois ces ameliorations terminees, la reproductibilite, l'exactitude et la sensibilite ont ete valides afin de s'assurer de la fiabilite des resultats offerts par la balance. Pour les angles d'attaque etudies avec les revetements, soient -6 et 0, la balance a une reproductibilite de +/-2,06% a 360 000 de nombre de Reynolds. Pour valider la sensibilite, des essais a -6 et 0 d'angle d'attaque et des nombres de Reynolds de 360 000 et 500 000 ont ete faits avec des papiers sables. Les resultats de ces essais ont permis de, tracer des courbes de tendances du coefficient de trainee du NACA 0012 en fonction de la rugosite de surface et d'etablir la valeur de la sensibilite de la balance a +/-8 mu m. Cinq revetements populaires ont ete choisis pour l'experimentation, soient le Wearlon, le Staclean, le Hirec, le Phasebreak ainsi que le Nusil. Les revetements sont soumis aux memes conditions experimentales que les papiers sables, et une rugosite equivalente est trouvee par extrapolation des resultats. Cependant, les rugosites equivalentes de surfaces different entre -6 et 0. Les essais avec le Staclean et le Hirec donnent des coefficients de trainee equivalent a ceux avec l'aluminium, alors que le Wearlon, le Nusil et le Phasebreak donnent une augmentation du coefficient de trainee de 13%, 17% et 25% respectivement par rapport a l'aluminium. Pour les coefficients de portance, la balance ne detecte pas l'effet des revetements, ni des papiers sables, sur la force de portance ce qui signifie qu'il entre dans l'insensibilite de la balance. La derniere etape experimentale consistait a mesurer l'impact des revetements sur la formation de la glace ainsi que sur l'evolution des coefficients de trainee et de portance du NACA 0012 en fonction de l'accumulation de glace sur celui-ci. Le Wearlon a ete choisi comme revetement en raison de sa grande popularite. Des essais a -5C et -20C ont ete faits et les resultats ont montres que le Wearlon n'apporte pas d'effet benefique au NACA 0012 en conditions d'accumulations de glace. L'augmentation du coefficient de trainee du profil muni du Wearlon debutait plus rapidement que sur l'aluminium et de l'eau gelait legerement plus loin vers l'arriere du profil pendant les essais, ce qui n'est pas souhaitable. Le coefficient de trainee est superieur d'environ 13% pour le Wearlon par rapport a l'aluminium pendant toute l'accumulation de glace, ce qui correspond au meme ecart lorsque la glace n'est pas en cause. Pour le coefficient de portance, les resultats ne peuvent etre utilises pour une raison qui doit etre investiguee.

  17. Hydrodynamic model of cells for designing systems of urban groundwater drainage

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zimmermann, Eric; Riccardi, Gerardo

    2000-08-01

    An improved mathematical hydrodynamic quasi-two-dimensional model of cells, CELSUB3, is presented for simulating drainage systems that consist of pumping well fields or subsurface drains. The CELSUB3 model is composed of an assemblage of algorithms that have been developed and tested previously and that simulate saturated flow in porous media, closed conduit flow, and flow through pumping stations. A new type of link between aquifer cells and drainage conduits is proposed. This link is verified in simple problems with well known analytical solutions. The correlation between results from analytical and mathematical solutions was considered satisfactory in all cases. To simulate more complex situations, the new proposed version, CELSUB3, was applied in a project designed to control the water-table level within a sewer system in Chaar Ladeado Town, Santa Fe Province, Argentina. Alternative drainage designs, which were evaluated under conditions of dynamic recharge caused by rainfall in a critical year (wettest year for the period of record) and a typical year, are briefly described. After analyzing ten alternative designs, the best technical-economic solution is a subsurface drainage system of closed conduits with pumping stations and evacuation channels. Rsum. Un modle hydrodynamique perfectionn de cellules en quasi 2D, CELSUB3, est prsent dans le but de simuler des systmes de drainage qui consistent en des champs de puits de pompage ou de drains souterrains. Le modle CELSUB3 est compos d'un assemblage d'algorithmes dvelopps et tests prcdemment et qui simulent des coulements en milieu poreux satur, en conduites et dans des stations de pompage. Un nouveau type de lien entre des cellules d'aquifres et des drains est propos. Ce lien est vrifi dans des problmes simples dont les solutions analytiques sont bien connues. La corrlation entre les rsultats des solutions analytiques et des solutions mathmatiques a t considre comme satisfaisante dans tous les cas. Afin de simuler des situations plus complexes, la nouvelle version propose, CELSUB3, a t mise en uvre dans un projet destin contrler le niveau de la nappe l'intrieur d'un systme d'gouts, dans la ville de Chaar Ladeado (province de Santa Fe, Argentine). Diffrentes organisations du projet de drainage, qui ont t testes pour des conditions de recharge dynamique causes par la pluie au cours d'une anne critique (la plus humide de la chronique disponible) et une anne typique, sont brivement dcrites. Aprs analyse de dix organisations diffrentes, la meilleure solution technico-conomique retenue est un systme de drainage souterrain de conduites avec des stations de pompage et des canaux d'vacuation. Resumen. Se presenta un modelo matemtico hidrodinmico cuasi-bidimensional de celdas, CELSUB3, apto para la simulacin integral de sistemas de drenaje subterrneo basados en campos de bombeo o drenes subsuperficiales. El modelo de simulacin presenta un ensamble de algoritmos, previamente desarrollados y testeados, que representan al escurrimiento a travs del medio poroso saturado, escurrimiento en conducciones cerradas, estaciones de bombeo, etc. En la estructura del modelo se propone un nuevo tipo de vinculacin entre celdas acuferas y conductos de drenaje, la cual es verificada en problemas simples con solucin analtica conocida arrojando, en todos los casos, resultados satisfactorios. Abordando situaciones ms complejas, la nueva versin propuesta fue aplicada en un proyecto de control de niveles freticos que acompaa un sistema de conductos cloacales, en la localidad de Chaar Ladeado, Santa Fe, Argentina. Se describen las alternativas de drenaje consideradas las cuales fueron evaluadas bajo recargas dinmicas provocadas por aos crticamente lluviosos y en situaciones tpicas. Los resultados derivados permitieron definir, tras analizar una decena de proyectos alternativos, la mejor solucin tcnico-econmica consistente en un sistema de drenes subterrneos, estaciones de bombeo y canales de evacuacin.

  18. Évolution nycthémérale des composantes biochimiques du phytoplancton de la retenue du barrage Idriss premier (Fès, Maroc)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bahhou, J.; Alaoui Mhamdi, M.

    1999-03-01

    The diel changes of the biochemical composition of the phytoplankton were studied in the Idriss first reservoir (located on the Inaouen river at thirty Km from the city of Fes, Morrocco) during September 1994. Several biomass and metabolic indicators (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, chlorophyll a and primary production) were assessed every fourth hour over tow days (7, 8 and 9 September). Since the Protein/Carbohydrates ratio (P/C) is largely recognised as a good integrator of the metabolic functions of the cells, we examined its distribution pattern concomitantly with aforementioned parameters. The results demonstrated enhanced P/C ratios clearly indicating that nutrients were sufficiently available for growth. In addition, this index showed a diel significant variation with levels higher in the night than in the day. Moreover, these results suggest that phytoplankton species during the night used the day-synthesised carbohydrates to insure the cell metabolic functioning. The P/C presents relatively high values in proposition to the ones that have been recorded in temperate regions, and seems to be related to azotic inputs of the Inaouen river. Dans le but de parfaire nos connaissances sur le fonctionnement du sous écosystème phytoplancton, nous nous sommes intéressés à étudier son cycle nycthéméral et son métabolisme cellulaire dans la retenue du barrage Idriss premier. Cette dernière, construite sur l'Oued Inaouène, est située à une trentaine de Km de la ville de Fès. Au cours de ce cycle, les prélèvements ont été effectués selon une séquence temporelle de 4 heures pendant 48 heures, les 7, 8 et 9 septembre 1994. L'étude de l'évolution des composantes biochimiques des cellules phytoplanctoniques à savoir les protéines, les glucides et les lipides a permis de mettre en évidence des variations nycthémérales importantes. Ces variations sont d'autant plus importantes que les variations spatiales observées entre les profondeurs. De plus, le rapport protéines/glucides (P/G), reconnu comme un bon indicateur de l'état physiologique des algues, présente des valeurs plus élevées la nuit que le jour au niveau du fond du lac. Ce résultat suggère que le phytoplancton utilise les produits de réserve synthétisés le jour pour assurer le fonctionnement métabolique des cellules. De plus, les valeurs de ce rapport sont relativement élevées par rapport à celle enregistrées dans les régions tempérés et semblent être liées aux ressources azotées du milieu en particulier les apports de l'Oued Inaouène.

  19. Organ preservation at low temperature: a physical and biological problem

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aussedat, J.; Boutron, P.; Coquilhat, P.; Descotes, J. L.; Faure, G.; Ferrari, M.; Kay, L.; Mazuer, J.; Monod, P.; Odin, J.; Ray, A.

    1993-02-01

    Before reporting the preliminary results obtained by our group, we first review the main problems to be solved in the preservation of organs at very low temperature, before being transplanted. This cryopreservation is being presently explored in order to increase the preservation tiine of transplants and to contribute to a better control of the donor recipient compatibility. We recall that, for the isolated cells to be preserved at nitrogen liquid temperatures, as now successfully performed at industrial scale, it is necessary to immerse the cells in a solution containing more or less t,oxical additives (so-called cryopro tect ants). Furthermore cooling and warming rates must be specific of each type of cells. We then show that cryo preservation could be extrapolated to whole organs by means of vitrification, the only way to avoid any ice crystallization. This vitrification will be the result of two directions of research, the one on the elaboration of cryoprotective solutions, the least toxic possible, the other on the obtention of high enough and homogeneous cooling and warming rates. After having briefly summarized the state of research on the heart and kidneys of small mammals, we present the first results that we have obtained on perfusion at 4 ^{circ}C and the auto-transplantation of rabbit kidneys, on the toxicity of a new cryoprotectant, 2,3-butanediol, on the heart rate, and on the cooling of experimental models of organs. Avant de prsenter les rsultats prliminaires obtenus par notre groupe, nous passons d'abord en revue les principaux problmes rsoudre pour conserver trs basse temprature des organes en vue de leur transplantation. Cette cryoprservation est une voie de recherche actuellement explore pour augmenter la dure de conservation des greffons et permettre ainsi de mieux contrler la compatibilit donneur-receveur. Nous rappelons que la conservation des cellules isoles la temprature de l'azote liquide, actuellement ralise avec succs l'chelle industrielle, ne peut se faire qu'en prsence de substances plus ou moins toxiques dites cryoprotectrices, et condition de respecter des vitesses de refroidissement et de rchauffement adaptes chaque type de cellule. Nous montrons ensuite que l'extension de la cryoprservation au cas des organes entiers ne pourra se faire qu'au moyen de la vitrification, seule solution pour viter toute formation de glace. Cette vitrification sera l'aboutissement de 2 axes de recherche, l'un sur l'laboration de solutions cryoprotectrices les moins toxiques possibles, l'autre sur l'obtention de vitesses de refroidissement et de rchauffement suffisamment leves et homognes. Aprs avoir brivement rsum l'tat des recherches sur le coeur et le rein de petits mammifres, nous prsentons les premiers rsultats que nous avons obtenus sur la perfusion 4 ^{circ}C et l'autotransplantation de reins de lapin, sur la toxicit sur le coeur de rat d'un nouveau cryoprotecteur le 2,3-butanediol, et sur le refroidissement de systmes modles exprimentaux d'organes.

  20. A Model of Chevrons in Smectic C^* Liquid Crystals: Uniform and Twisted ``Soliton'' States

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Limat, Laurent

    1995-06-01

    We consider a simplified model of the chevron structure observed in thin cells of ferroelectric smectic liquid crystals, based on a generalization of the “uniaxial” (or “nematic”) approximation of orientation elasticity. This model allows for the conciliation of the continuous nature of the layers with the matching conditions postulated by Clark, and takes large rotations of the c-director into account. When the layer tilt angle is small compared to the molecular cone angle, we show that the structure of the “uniform” states reduces to the “soliton” solution found by Nakagawa. Within the same limit “twisted” states are investigated by a perturbation calculation and by qualitative energy considerations. The results suggest the existence of asymmetrical c-director distributions similar to those observed in recent experiments: in these states, the c-director splay remains mainly localized in one half of the cell, the increase of splay energy being compensated by a reduction of the “folding energy” localized in the chevron core. On discute un modèle simplifié de la structure en chevron observée dans les cristaux liquides smectiques ferroélectriques en cellules minces, basé sur une légère généralisation de l'approximation “uniaxiale” (ou “nématique”) de l'élasticité d'orientation. Ce modèle permet de réconcilier la nature continue des couches avec les conditions de raccordement postulées par Clark et prend en compte de fortes rotations de la projection du directeur sur le plan des couches. On montre que lorsque l'angle d'inclinaison des couches est faible devant l'angle du cône moléculaire, la structure, des états “uniformes” est donnée par la solution de type “soliton” découverte par Nakagawa. Dans la même limite, on étudie les états “tordus” par un calcul de perturbation complété par des arguments énergétiques plus qualitatifs. Ces deux approches suggèrent l'existence de distributions asymétriques de la torsion du directeur moléculaire similaires à celles observées dans des expériences récentes: dans ces états, la torsion se localiserait dans une demi-épaisseur de cellule, l'augmentation d'énergie étant compensée par une réduction de l'énergie de coeur du chevron.