Note: This page contains sample records for the topic cellulitis from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Cellulitis  

MedlinePLUS

... cut, bite, or scratch. People who have body piercings may be susceptible to cellulitis because the hole ... of cellulitis are developing. Pay attention to new piercings, too. If they become red, swollen, and painful ...

2

Wells Syndrome (Eosinophilic Cellulitis)  

PubMed Central

Objective: To report a case of Wells syndrome (eosinophilic cellulitis) in a patient who was previously hospitalized twice and received several antibiotic treatments. Setting: Inpatient hospital consultation. Participant: One patient diagnosed with Wells Syndrome based on supporting clinical history, histopathological examination, and other laboratory data. Measurement: Change in signs and symptoms over time. Results: Improvement of skin lesions after administration of corticosteroids. Conclusion: Wells syndrome is a clinical condition that mimics bacterial cellulitis. It is characterized as an erythematous, edematous tender plaque with predilection for the lower extremity. The authors report this case to warn clinicians about other primary dermatological disorders that resemble infectious cellulitis in order to avoid misdiagnoses and delayed treatment.

Coloe, Jacquelyn; Peters, Sara; Zirwas, Matthew; Darabi, Kamruz

2011-01-01

3

Retinoblastoma associated orbital cellulitis  

PubMed Central

AIM—Preseptal and orbital cellulitis are rare presenting features of intraocular retinoblastoma. The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of retinoblastoma associated cellulitis, as well as to review its clinical and histopathological features.?METHODS—The medical records of 292 retinoblastoma patients in the King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia were reviewed. Those indicating a history of, or presenting with, cellulitis were retrieved and their clinical, radiological, and histopathological variables were assessed. Patients with definite extraocular tumour extension on clinical or radiological examination were excluded.?RESULTS—14 patients were found to have retinoblastoma associated cellulitis (4.8%); nine had bilateral and five had unilateral retinoblastoma. Conjunctival and blood cultures were performed in 10 cases and were negative. 10 children were treated with intravenous steroids, often in conjunction with antibiotics, resulting in a prompt decrease in inflammation. Three other children were treated with antibiotics alone and one received no treatment. Computed tomographic scanning depicted large intraocular tumours occupying between 80% and 100% of the globe in each case. In eight patients, periocular inflammation was radiologically interpreted as possible extraocular extension. In one patient serial computed tomographic scanning showed a reduction in intraocular calcification over time which occurred in the presence of cellulitis. 12 patients underwent enucleation and histopathological examination revealed large necrotic, poorly differentiated tumours associated with uveal involvement and early optic nerve invasion. Focal perilimbal destruction was seen in one patient, and in another peripapillary extrascleral extension was present. 12 patients are alive with a mean follow up of 56.4 months.?CONCLUSIONS—Radiological evaluation of scleral integrity may be hindered by periocular inflammatory changes. The orbital cellulitis correlated well with the presence of advanced intraocular retinoblastoma with massive necrosis and anterior chamber involvement. In the majority of patients, cellulitis was not indicative of an extension of retinoblastoma into the orbit. Intravenous steroid treatment reduced orbital inflammation, facilitating examination and subsequent enucleation.?? Keywords: retinoblastoma; orbital cellulitis

Mullaney, P.; Karcioglu, Z.; Huaman, A.; Al-Mesfer, S.

1998-01-01

4

The Hot Orbit: Orbital Cellulitis  

PubMed Central

Orbital cellulitis is an uncommon condition previously associated with severe complications. If untreated, orbital cellulitis can be potentially sight and life threatening. It can affect both adults and children but has a greater tendency to occur in the pediatric age group. The infection most commonly originates from sinuses, eyelids or face, retained foreign bodies, or distant soources by hematogenous spread. It is characterized by eyelid edema, erythema, chemosis, proptosis, blurred vision, fever, headache, and double vision. A history of upper respiratory tract infection prior to the onset is very common especially in children. In the era prior to antibiotics, vision loss from orbital cellulitis was a dreaded complication. Currently, imaging studies for detection of orbital abcess, the use of antibiotics and early drainage have mitigated visual morbidity significantly. The purpose of this review is to describe current investigative strategies and management options in the treatment of orbital cellulitis, establish their effectiveness and possible complications due to late intervention.

Chaudhry, Imtiaz A.; Al-Rashed, Waleed; Arat, Yonca O.

2012-01-01

5

Diagnosing and managing lower limb cellulitis.  

PubMed

The diagnosis of lower limb cellulitis requires careful and structured assessment. This article looks at the assessment, diagnosis and management of cellulitis, focusing on the lower limb. Assessment should include good skin examination as active skin disease, such as venous stasis eczema and athlete's foot (tinea pedis), is often overlooked as a primary cause of lower limb cellulitis and recurrent episodes. PMID:22860373

Wingfield, Carrie

6

Delayed breast cellulitis following breast conserving operation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A complication of breast conservation, which has been increasingly reported in the literature, is ‘delayed cellulitis’ in the treated breast. This is to be distinguished from wound infection in the breast following lumpectomy. This study reports 16 cases diagnosed with delayed cellulitis following breast conserving surgery, unresponsive to antibiotic therapy. Diagnostic criteria included: pain, erythema and edema in the operated

D. Zippel; N. Siegelmann-Danieli; S. Ayalon; B. Kaufman; R. Pfeffer; M. Zvi Papa

2003-01-01

7

Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Mimicking Fulminant Periorbital Cellulitis  

PubMed Central

Purpose To report a patient who was referred for orbital cellulitis but was finally diagnosed with acute leukemia. Case Report A 17-year-old boy presented with fever, periorbital erythema and swelling mimicking periorbital cellulitis. He underwent empiric antibiotic therapy. Complete blood counts revealed leukocytosis with a predominance of immature blast cells. Bone marrow aspiration confirmed the diagnosis of acute myelogenous leukemia. Chemotherapy was initiated resulting in resolution of signs and symptoms. Conclusion Acute leukemia may mimic periorbital cellulitis and must be considered in the differential diagnosis.

Bagheri, Abbas; Abrishami, Alireza; Karimi, Saeed

2013-01-01

8

Bacteremic Pneumococcal Cellulitis Compared with Bacteremic Cellulitis Caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to better characterize bacteremic cellulitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, a review was conducted of 10 cases of bacteremic pneumococcal cellulitis, which represented 0.9% of all cases of pneumococcal\\u000a bacteremia (n=1,076) and 3.2% of all cases of community-acquired bacteremic cellulitis (n=312) that occurred in the Hospital de Bellvitge, Barcelona, from 1984 to 2001. In addition to these 10 cases,

O. Capdevila; I. Grau; M. Vadillo; M. Cisnal; R. Pallares

2003-01-01

9

Cellulitis  

MedlinePLUS

... when you get a scratch, just the top layers near the skin's surface are affected, and the problem clears up on its own. If an infection develops, it may affect just the top layers of skin. But if it goes deeper and ...

10

Cellulitis  

MedlinePLUS

... peeling skin between the toes History of peripheral vascular disease Injury or trauma with a break in the ... bites Ulcers from certain diseases, including diabetes and vascular disease Use of corticosteroid medications or medications that suppress ...

11

Cellulitis  

MedlinePLUS

... may rapidly become deeper red, swollen, warm, and tender and increase in size as the infection spreads. ... to Seek Medical Care If you develop a tender, red, warm, enlarging area on your skin, make ...

12

Ringworm causing childhood preseptal cellulitis.  

PubMed

A 4-year-old girl had redness and swelling of the left upper eyelid of 1 week's duration. She had been treated with topical fusidic add and oral flucloxacillin without resolution. Ophthalmic examination showed a diffuse, erythematous, tender lesion affecting the entire upper eyelid. There was a central area of skin ulceration with marked bleeding and discharge. Also found were small vesicles under the left eyebrow. The child's mother had noticed a scaly rash on her own forearm. Examination under anesthesia was carried out to assess the globe and to obtain samples for microbiology investigation. Microbiology scrapings showed fungal hyphae of the Dermatophyte group. Treatment with Griseofulvin was commenced, and complete resolution of the lesion occurred. To our knowledge there is only one similar case reported in the literature describing ring-worm as a cause of preseptal cellulitis. This case highlights the importance of considering alternative diagnoses when standard antibiotic treatment has failed. PMID:12918565

Rajalekshmi, P S; Evans, Sarah L; Morton, Claire E; Williams, Richard E A; Ng, C S

2003-05-01

13

Eosinophilic cellulitis. (Well's syndrome) in a child.  

PubMed

Granulomatous dermatitis with eosinophilia (Well's syndrome) occurred in an 11-year-old boy. To our knowledge, eosinophilic cellulitis in a child in whom atrophic alopecia of the affect scalp later develops during the regression phase has not previously been reported. No notable effect of steroid therapy was observed. The cause of eosinophilic cellulitis is still unknown, but the presence of disseminated fibrinoid necrosis, vasculitis, eosinophilia, and a positive antinuclear factor test result might indicate an autoimmune or allergic disease. PMID:7259222

Nielsen, T; Schmidt, H; Søgaard, H

1981-07-01

14

Postoperative pneumococcal cellulitis in systemic lupus erythematosus.  

PubMed

This paper reports a case of nosocomial pneumococcal cellulitis that developed following a lymph-node biopsy in a woman being treated with high-dose intravenous corticosteroids for systemic lupus erythematosis (SLE). Her rapid and severe clinical deterioration was similar to that caused by group A streptococcus. The risk factors for the development of nosocomial pneumococcal cellulitis as a complication of SLE are reviewed and preventive measures discussed. PMID:12693569

Page, Kathleen R; Karakousis, Petros C; Maslow, Joel N

2003-01-01

15

Preseptal cellulitis caused by trichophyton (ringworm).  

PubMed

A 10-year-old boy with a past medical history significant for chicken pox at 7 years of age was referred to our eye center by an outside ophthalmologist for a 15-day history of worsening right-sided preseptal cellulitis. The patient reported photophobia, pruritus, and pain in the eyelid region. There appeared to be vesicular lesions on the eyelids. Empiric therapy with oral antibacterial and antiviral medications failed to resolve the preseptal cellulitis. Lid cultures revealed coagulase negative Staphylococcus, Streptococcal viridans, and a Trichophyton species of fungus. The infection was successfully treated with two courses of oral itraconazole. This is the first case of preseptal cellulitis caused by this dermatophyte that we could find in the literature. PMID:11917183

Velazquez, Andrew J; Goldstein, Michael H; Driebe, William T

2002-04-01

16

Risk factors for bacteremia in patients with limb cellulitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for bacteremia in patients with limb cellulitis. Using the administrative and microbiology laboratory databases of a community teaching hospital, a review was conducted of all cases of community-acquired limb cellulitis that occurred during the period 1997–2004 and in which blood cultures had been performed. A comparison of demographical, clinical,

G. Peralta; E. Padrón; M. P. Roiz; I. De Benito; J. C. Garrido; F. Talledo; M. J. Rodríguez-Lera; L. Ansorena; M. B. Sánchez

2006-01-01

17

Ambient Ozone and Emergency Department Visits for Cellulitis  

PubMed Central

Objectives were to assess and estimate an association between exposure to ground-level ozone and emergency department (ED) visits for cellulitis. All ED visits for cellulitis in Edmonton, Canada, in the period April 1992–March 2002 (N = 69,547) were examined. Case-crossover design was applied to estimate odds ratio (OR, and 95% confidence interval) per one interquartile range (IQR) increase in ozone concentration (IQR = 14.0 ppb). Delay of ED visit relating to exposure was probed using 0- to 5-day exposure lags. For all patients in the all months (January–December) and lags 0 to 2 days, OR = 1.05 (1.02, 1.07). For male patients during the cold months (October–March): OR = 1.05 (1.02, 1.09) for lags 0 and 2 and OR = 1.06 (1.02, 1.10) for lag 3. For female patients in the warm months (April–September): OR = 1.12 (1.06, 1.18) for lags 1 and 2. Cellulitis developing on uncovered (more exposed) skin was analyzed separately, observed effects being stronger. Cellulitis may be associated with exposure to ambient ground level ozone; the exposure may facilitate cellulitis infection and aggravate acute symptoms.

Szyszkowicz, Mieczyslaw; Porada, Eugeniusz; Kaplan, Gilaad G.; Rowe, Brian H.

2010-01-01

18

Primary cryptococcal cellulitis in a lung transplant recipient.  

PubMed

In organ transplant recipients there remains controversy whether cutaneous cryptococcal infection represents a primary infection or a manifestation of disseminated cryptococcosis. We describe a lung transplant patient who developed primary cryptococcal cellulitis in the immediate post-operative period. At presentation, disseminated disease was excluded. The patient was treated with liposomal amphotericin B and fluconazole and, in addition, a surgical debridement was performed. Shortly afterwards, computed tomography revealed dissemination to the brain. The patient died of cerebral edema. As there was no involvement of the central nervous system at presentation, we believe that cryptococcal cellulitis was the primary site of infection and origin of dissemination. In this study we review cryptococcosis, which should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of cellulitis in transplant recipients. PMID:17346632

Van Grieken, Sofie A H; Dupont, Lieven J; Van Raemdonck, Dirk E M; Van Bleyenbergh, P; Verleden, Geert M

2007-03-01

19

Anaerobic orbital cellulitis: a clinical and experimental study.  

PubMed Central

In this article we have reviewed the clinical and bacteriologic aspects of anaerobic orbital cellulitis and have presented six patients to illustrate these points. Physicians who treat patients with orbital cellulitis should have a high index of suspicion for possible instances involving anaerobes, so that appropriate management can be started early. To investigate this problem further, we created an animal model of anaerobic orbital cellulitis. This model may be useful in future studies of the pathogenesis and treatment of this serious and often devastating disease. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 2 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 10 FIGURE 11 FIGURE 12 FIGURE 13 FIGURE 14 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16 FIGURE 17 FIGURE 18 FIGURE 19

Jedrzynski, M S; Bullock, J D; McGuire, T W; Elder, B L; Bullock, J D

1991-01-01

20

Epidemiological Characteristics of Lower Extremity Cellulitis after a Typhoon Flood  

PubMed Central

Objective The flood after a typhoon may lead to increase in patients with cellulitis of lower limbs. However, the microbiological features of these cases are rarely reported. We conducted a study of patients with lower extremity cellulitis after a typhoon followed in southern Taiwan to study the risk factors of cellulitis and the bacteriological features of the patients. Methods We reviewed all the medical records of cellulitis at emergency departments of two teaching hospitals in southern Taiwan 30 days before and after the landing of Typhoon Morakot and collected data on the demographic and bacteriological characteristics. In addition, we evaluated the relationship between the daily number of patients and the rainfall in the Tainan area. Results The number of cellulitis patients increased from 183 to 344 during the 30-day period after the typhoon. The number peaked in the third and fourth days and lasted for 3 weeks. The proportion of patients with water immersion of the affected limb was higher after the typhoon (6% vs. 37%, odds ratio [OR]: 9.0, 95% Confidence interval [CI]: 4.7–17.2). We found cultures from the infected limbs with immersion had more polymicrobial (73% vs. 26%, OR: 7.8, 95% CI: 3.2–19.2) and Gram-negative bacilli infection (86% vs. 34%, OR: 11.8, 95% CI: 4.1–34.5). Conclusions Flood arose from Typhoon Morakot caused increases in cellulitis patients, which lasted for 3 weeks. Antibiotic treatment that were effective to both Gram-positive cocci and Gram-negative bacilli are recommended for patients with limbs emerged in the water.

Lin, Pei-Chen; Lin, Hung-Jung; Guo, How-Ran; Chen, Kuo-Tai

2013-01-01

21

Dacryocystitis presenting as post-septal cellulitis: a case report  

PubMed Central

Dacryocystitis is relatively common, the majority of patients present with pre-septal cellulitis and not an orbital abscess due to anatomical barriers. The authors report a case of dacryocystitis presenting as post-septal cellulitis in a postmenopausal lady with an underlying malignancy. Following antibiotic therapy and elective dacryocystorhinostomy the patient is still under follow-up, and has no further recurrence of symptoms. Orbital abscess in postmenopausal women presenting with dacryocystitis should be considered, as prompt recognition and early surgical intervention is required to prevent visual loss.

Henney, Scott E; Brookes, Mike J; Clifford, Kevin; Banerjee, Anirvan

2007-01-01

22

[Non necrotizing bacterial cellulitis and bacteriemia due to Shewanella putrefaciens].  

PubMed

Shewanella putrefaciens is a Gram negative opportunistic pathogen which causes skin and soft tissue infections and bacteriemia in immunocompromized patients. We report a 86-year-old man, who presented with an infectious cellulitis of the leg associated with Shewanella putrefaciens bacteriemia. This patient was treated by mycophenolate mofetil for a bullous pemphigoid resistant to corticotherapy. PMID:19282070

Aubert, T; Rovery, C; Bourhaba, K; Singeorzan, S; Heim, M; Crétel, E

2009-09-01

23

Genetic Susceptibility to Non-Necrotizing Erysipelas/Cellulitis  

PubMed Central

Background Bacterial non-necrotizing erysipelas and cellulitis are often recurring, diffusely spreading infections of the skin and subcutaneous tissues caused most commonly by streptococci. Host genetic factors influence infection susceptibility but no extensive studies on the genetic determinants of human erysipelas exist. Methods We performed genome-wide linkage with the 10,000 variant Human Mapping Array (HMA10K) array on 52 Finnish families with multiple erysipelas cases followed by microsatellite fine mapping of suggestive linkage peaks. A scan with the HMA250K array was subsequently performed with a subset of cases and controls. Results Significant linkage was found at 9q34 (nonparametric multipoint linkage score (NPLall) 3.84, p?=?0.026), which is syntenic to a quantitative trait locus for susceptibility to group A streptococci infections on chromosome 2 in mouse. Sequencing of candidate genes in the 9q34 region did not conclusively associate any to erysipelas/cellulitis susceptibility. Suggestive linkage (NPLall>3.0) was found at three loci: 3q22-24, 21q22, and 22q13. A subsequent denser genome scan with the HMA250K array supported the 3q22 locus, in which several SNPs in the promoter of AGTR1 (Angiotensin II receptor type I) suggestively associated with erysipelas/cellulitis susceptibility. Conclusions Specific host genetic factors may cause erysipelas/cellulitis susceptibility in humans.

Hannula-Jouppi, Katariina; Massinen, Satu; Siljander, Tuula; Makela, Siru; Kivinen, Katja; Leinonen, Rasko; Jiao, Hong; Aitos, Paivi; Karppelin, Matti; Vuopio, Jaana; Syrjanen, Jaana; Kere, Juha

2013-01-01

24

Myroides odoratus cellulitis and bacteremia: case report and review.  

PubMed

A case of Myroides odoratus cellulitis with bacteremia in an apparently immunocompetent man is presented. Although common in soil and water, this agent is a rare clinical isolate and is often not considered pathogenic. The virulence of M. odoratus may be greater than is currently believed and it should be considered in bacteremias from cutaneous sources in immunocompetent patients. PMID:11868770

Green, B T; Green, K; Nolan, P E

2001-01-01

25

Cellules photovoltaïques à base de semi-conducteurs organiques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe here the elaboration and performances of photovoltaic cells using organic p type (pentacene) and n type (perylene) semiconductors in a pn heterojunction configuration. Nous décrivons ici l'élaboration et les performances de cellules photovoltaïques à base de semi-conducteurs organiques de type p (pentacène) et de type n (pérylène) dans une hétérojonction pn.

Videlot, C.; Fichou, D.; Garnier, F.

1998-06-01

26

Cellulitis in broiler chickens: epidemiological trends, meat hygiene, and possible human health implications.  

PubMed

The present work evaluates trends in the incidence of cellulitis during the last decade using Canadian National Poultry Condemnation Records. In 1986, only 0.048% of the total slaughter broilers were condemned as a result of cellulitis lesions. Over the next 10 yr, steady increments in cellulitis condemnations were observed, and between 1986 and 1996, the percentage of cellulitis condemnation increased 11.8-fold. In 1996, more than 2.6 million broilers (0.568% of total slaughter) were condemned due to cellulitis; this constituted 30.1% of total condemnations, making it the number one condemnation category in 1996. In the context of dynamic increase in cellulitis, the problems concerning meat hygiene and possible health risk to the consumer are deliberated. PMID:9645319

Kumor, L W; Olkowski, A A; Gomis, S M; Allan, B J

1998-01-01

27

Blinding orbital cellulitis: a complication of strabismus surgery.  

PubMed

A 56-year-old healthy man underwent left medial rectus recession and lateral rectus resection for esotropia. The next day he developed severe left periocular pain with decreased vision, an afferent pupillary defect, periorbital edema, limited ocular motility, and proptosis. Computed tomography showed fat stranding and less than 90 degrees of posterior globe tenting. Despite intravenous antibiotics to treat orbital cellulitis, and a lateral canthotomy and cantholysis to decompress the orbit, visual acuity worsened to no light perception. The patient underwent emergent orbital decompression including release of the superior and inferior septum and outfracturing of the orbital floor and medial wall; however, there was no recovery of vision. Blinding orbital cellulitis is a rare complication after strabismus surgery. Despite poor prognosis, prompt diagnosis and aggressive treatment may maximize visual potential. PMID:17117105

Hoyama, Erika; Limawararut, Vanessa; Leibovitch, Igal; Pater, John; Davis, Garry; Selva, Dinesh

2006-01-01

28

Infected orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst: a rare cause of facial cellulitis.  

PubMed

Orthokeratinized odontogenic cysts (OOCs) are relatively uncommon developmental cysts lined with orthokeratinized epithelium consisting of a prominent granular layer and a basal layer of low cuboidal flattened cells that show no tendency for nuclear palisading. These cysts have been considered a distinct entity from odontogenic keratocysts since they exhibit a less aggressive behavior and a very low rate of recurrence. Developmental odontogenic cysts can become infected but serious complications, such as potentially life-threatening cellulitis, are rare. This report describes a rare case of facial cellulitis secondary to an infected OOC located in the mandible of a 27-year-old man. The relevant literature about the clinical-pathological features of OOC is reviewed. PMID:23306244

Carvalho, Cyntia Helena Pereira de; Aquino, Ana Rafaela Luz de; Nonaka, Cassiano Francisco Weege; Silva, José Sandro Pereira da; Germano, Adriano da Rocha; Pinto, Leão Pereira

2012-01-01

29

Urethral Erosion and Perineal Cellulitis after Midurethral Sling Procedure  

PubMed Central

Midurethral tension-free sling procedure has become one of the most popular techniques for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence. As the time elapsed, however, complications associated with a synthetic tape have been reported to occur. Recently, we experienced a rare case of urethral erosion with perineal cellulitis at anterior wall of vagina after midurethral sling procedure. So our experience was presented with a review of literature.

Kim, Jong Min; Bae, Jang Ho; Song, Phil Hyun; Shin, Esther

2011-01-01

30

Delayed breast cellulitis: An evolving complication of breast conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Delayed breast cellulitis (DBC) is characterized by the late onset of breast erythema, edema, tenderness, and warmth. This retrospective study analyzes the risk factors and clinical course of DBC. Methods and Materials: From 1985 through 2004, 580 sequential women with 601 stage T0-2N0-1 breast cancers underwent breast conserving therapy. Cases of DBC were identified according to accepted clinical criteria:

Daniel J. Indelicato; Stephen R. Grobmyer; Heather Newlin; Christopher G. Morris; Linda S. Haigh; Edward M. Copeland; Nancy Price. Mendenhall

2006-01-01

31

Prophylaxis for recurrent cellulitis complicating venous and lymphatic insufficiency.  

PubMed

Serious cellulitis, a common acute illness, frequently is associated with underlying venous and lymphatic compromise. The process is easily treated but, when recurrent, is associated with significant morbidity. Local measures, such as support hose and elimination of tinea pedis, have a role in its therapy but do not uniformly prevent recurrence. Prophylactic antibiotic therapy modeled after rheumatic fever prophylaxis can be effective in the prevention of this process. PMID:2037773

Pauszek, M E

1991-04-01

32

Is it necrotizing fasciitis or necrotizing cellulitis after varicella zoster infection?: two case reports.  

PubMed

Necrotizing fasciitis and necrotizing cellulitis are serious cutaneous complications in varicella patients. Differentiation of necrotizing cellulitis from necrotizing fasciitis can initially be challenging because of indistinct clinical course at the onset of infection and the lack of definitive diagnostic criteria. This paper reports 2 children with necrotizing cellulitis that developed after varicella infection to draw the attention of health care providers to necrotizing cellulitis that showed slower clinical course than necrotizing fasciitis and recovered with conservative treatment approaches without aggressive surgical intervention. PMID:25014327

Gundeslioglu, Ayse Ozlem; Selimoglu, Muhammed Nebil; Toy, Hatice

2014-08-01

33

The Risk of Cellulitis in Cirrhotic Patients: A Nationwide Population-Based Study in Taiwan  

PubMed Central

Background/Aims Cellulitis is a common infectious disease. However, the risk of cellulitis in cirrhotic patients is not well established, and whether liver cirrhosis is a risk factor for cellulitis remains unknown. This study evaluated the relationship between cellulitis and liver cirrhosis. Methods The National Health Insurance Database, which was derived from the Taiwan National Health Insurance program, was used to identify patients. The study group consisted of 39,966 patients with liver cirrhosis, and the comparison group consisted of 39,701 randomly selected age- and sex-matched patients. Results During the 3-year follow-up period, 2,674 (6.7%) patients with liver cirrhosis developed cellulitis, and 1,587 (4.0%) patients without liver cirrhosis developed cellulitis (p<0.001). Following a Cox's regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, and underlying medical disorders, the cirrhotic patients demonstrated a greater risk for the occurrence of cellulitis than the non-cirrhotic patients during the 3-year period (hazard ratio [HR], 1.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.55 to 1.77; p<0.001). Additionally, cirrhotic patients with complications also had a greater risk for the occurrence of cellulitis than those patients without complications (HR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.14 to 1.33; p<0.001). Conclusions We conclude that cirrhotic patients have a greater risk of cellulitis than non-cirrhotic patients.

Lin, Ming-Nan; Tsai, Chen-Chi; Tsai, Chih-Chun

2012-01-01

34

Intraocular malignant melanoma of the choroid presenting as orbital cellulitis.  

PubMed

We report a case of choroidal melanoma with features suggestive of orbital cellulitis. A 24-year-old Asian Indian male presented with a 20-day history of sudden loss of vision in the right eye. Edematous eyelids with complete mechanical ptosis, complete ophthalmoplegia, gross proptosis accompanied by massive chemosis, and prolapse of the inferior forniceal conjunctiva were noted. He denied perception of light in the right eye. The left eye was unremarkable. B-scan ultrasonography of the right eye showed a large dome-shaped mass filling the posterior segment suggestive of choroidal melanoma. Computed tomography confirmed those findings and showed no extraocular tumor extension. The patient was conservatively treated with systemic steroids following which the inflammation subsided. He underwent enucleation of the right eye and a diagnosis of spindle A cell choroidal melanoma was confirmed by histopathological examination. Although rare, orbital cellulitis is one of the presenting features of choroidal melanoma. Uveal melanoma-associated orbital cellulitis can be well controlled with systemic steroids, does not always indicate extraocular tumor extension, and can occur in spindle A cell melanomas. PMID:23918350

Nair, Akshay Gopinathan; Kaliki, Swathi; Ali, Mohammed Javed; Naik, Milind N; Vemuganti, Geeta K

2014-06-01

35

Orbital cellulitis following silicone-sponge scleral buckles  

PubMed Central

Background Acute or chronic infection of the scleral explant is rare. We report seven cases of scleral explant infections that caused orbital cellulitis. Materials and methods This was a retrospective chart review of oculoplastics at oculoplastics and vitreo-retinal units in a secondary referral hospital. All subjects had orbital cellulitis secondary to scleral buckle in the range of January 1990 to March 2010. Demographics, imaging studies, and pathology specimens were reviewed. Results A total of 841 silicone-sponge scleral buckle implants for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment were performed. Forty were extracted (4.75%; annual rate of 1.9 cases). Seven (0.83%) had orbital cellulitis. The mean time from implantation to presentation was 5.7 years. There was bacterial growth in all specimens, with Staphylococcus aureus in four. Conclusions Patients who are operated on with silicone-sponge scleral buckling for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment sometimes require removal of the implant because of infection. However, the infection rate is low. Patients should be followed in the long term for possible complications.

Nemet, Arie Y; Ferencz, Joseph R; Segal, Ori; Meshi, Amit

2013-01-01

36

Recurrent cellulitis: risk factors, etiology, pathogenesis and treatment.  

PubMed

Erysipelas and uncomplicated cellulitis are common infections that tend to recur in a substantial proportion of affected patients following an initial episode, especially if the predisposing condition is chronic lymphedema. All patients who suffer an episode of cellulitis should be carefully evaluated to establish the risk of recurrence. Several predisposing conditions (such as lymphedema and skin conditions that serve as a portal of entry for bacteria) can be effectively treated in order to reduce the risk of relapse. The medical literature provides convincing evidence that antimicrobial prophylaxis can markedly reduce the frequency of relapse of erysipelas. Two recent studies performed by the 'Prophylactic Antibiotics for the Treatment of Cellulitis at Home' (PATCH) group have clearly confirmed the efficacy of antimicrobial prophylaxis. Penicillin remains the drug of choice. Treatment options in patients with penicillin allergy are limited by the rising prevalence of macrolide resistance among group A streptococci. Further research is required to clarify the optimal penicillin regimen as well as to develop new therapies for patients with allergy to penicillin. PMID:24980389

Chlebicki, Maciej Piotr; Oh, Choon Chiat

2014-09-01

37

Herpesviruses in Abscesses and Cellulitis of Endodontic Origin  

PubMed Central

Acute apical abscesses and cellulitis are severe endodontic diseases caused by opportunistic bacteria with possible co-infection with latent herpesviruses. The objectives of this study are to identify herpesviruses, including human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1) and Varicella zoster virus (VZV), in patients (n=31) presenting with acute apical abscesses and cellulitis of endodontic origin. Primary and nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was conducted using virus-specific primers and DNA isolated from cell-free abscess fluid. From patients exhibiting concurrent spontaneous pain (n=28), nine abscesses contained HCMV, two abscesses contained EBV, one abscess contained HSV-1, and no abscesses contained VZV. Control PCR using genomic or recombinant templates demonstrated detection limits to a single genomic copy of HCMV, 100 genomic copies for EBV, and 1-10 copies for HSV-1, with no cross-amplification between herpesviral DNA targets. Nested PCR was required for detection of herpesviral DNA in the abscess specimens, indicating that these viruses were present in low copy number. Filtration of abscess specimens and virus transfer experiments using human fibroblastic MRC-5 cells confirmed the presence of HCMV particles in several abscess specimens. We conclude that herpesviruses are present, but not required for development of acute apical abscesses and cellulitis of endodontic origin.

Chen, Vicky; Chen, Yanwen; Li, Hong; Kent, Karla; Baumgartner, J. Craig; Machida, Curtis A.

2009-01-01

38

Clostridial dermatitis and cellulitis: an emerging disease of turkeys.  

PubMed

Clostridial dermatitis of turkeys (CDT) has emerged as a major issue across most geographic regions of the United States. The prevalence and severity of dermatitis has increased over the last several years, since the time it was first reported in 1993. Cellulitis in poultry can be associated with Staphylococcus aureus or Escherichia coli, but the more recent field situation in turkeys is specifically associated with Clostridium spp. The prevalence of cellulitis is relatively low; however, the disease can be devastating in the individual flocks affected. Clostridium septicum, Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium sordelli, and S. aureus can cause cellulitis. Escherichia coli, Streptococcus spp., and other bacteria have occasionally been isolated from birds diagnosed with cellulitis. CDT appears as excessive mortality in older birds around 16-18 weeks of age. It has been reported from field experience as early as 7 wk of age. Clinical signs of CDT can range from sudden death to inappetence, depression, leg weakness, recumbency, and ataxia. The disease is characterized by reddish to dark or greenish discoloration of the skin around the thighs, abdomen, keel, tail region, back, and wings. The lesions can extend into the underlying muscles, and there can be gas bubbles under the skin which result in crepitation. Some cases present with dead birds having "bubbly tail," fluid-filled blisters associated with broken feather follicles around the base of the tail. Bubbly tail in breeder toms might not cause excessive mortality, but the lesions are so severe that the birds cannot be used for semen collection. Incidence of mortality from this condition can be severe and acute (i.e., rapid onset of high mortality). The dead birds decompose very quickly. Microscopically, there is necrosis, with or without inflammation of the skin, especially in the dermis and occasionally in the skeletal muscles, associated with large numbers of rod-shaped bacteria. Overcrowding, aggressive birds, poor-wet litter, decreased down time, a contaminated environment including feed and water, poor hygienic conditions, and contaminated vaccines and vaccine equipment, etc., can predispose birds for CDT. Preventative measures and treatment are discussed extensively in this review. PMID:20608520

Clark, Steven; Porter, Rob; McComb, Brian; Lipper, Ron; Olson, Steve; Nohner, Sheilina; Shivaprasad, H L

2010-06-01

39

Orbital Cellulitis: A Rare Presentation of Metastatic Bronchial Carcinoma  

PubMed Central

Objective. We report a rare and unusual case of bronchial carcinoma presenting with symptoms of complications of sinonasal disease. Case Report. A 66-year-old lady was referred with a 1-week history of progressive ocular pain, chemosis, and visual disturbance. Computed tomography of the paranasal sinuses revealed frontal and ethmoidal sinus opacification with orbital involvement consistent with a diagnosis of orbital cellulitis secondary to sinusitis. Surgical exploration revealed that the sinuses and right orbit were filled with soft tissue and subsequent histopathological examination of the biopsies indicating metastases from an adenosquamous bronchial carcinoma. Further imaging revealed a large, asymptomatic, bronchial primary with deposits in the brain and liver. The advanced presentation of the disease limited treatment to best supportive care. Conclusion. Orbital cellulitis and sinonasal malignancies have a similar pattern of clinical presentation, posing a potential diagnostic pitfall. There are only two previously reported cases of metastatic lung carcinoma in the frontal sinus with 15 cases of sinonasal tract involvement reported overall. There are no reported cases of adenosquamous carcinoma in the sinonasal tract.

Kumar, Rohit; Issing, Wolfgang

2011-01-01

40

A prospective study of management and litter variables associated with cellulitis in California broiler flocks.  

PubMed

Cellulitis has emerged as an economically important disease of broiler chickens. The impact of environmental risk factors on the incidence of cellulitis has not been evaluated in the United States. Escherichia coli (E. coli), the causative agent, is introduced through skin scratches during the grow out. Our previous work suggested that the litter was an important reservoir for cellulitis-associated E. coli. We hypothesized that factors contributing to a positive environment for E. coli growth would increase the opportunity for exposure of a broiler to an infectious dose of E. coli, capable of initiating a cellulitis lesion. This prospective study of 304 flocks on five farms from two integrated broiler companies was conducted to determine the effect of environmental factors on the prevalence of cellulitis in California broiler flocks. Environmental variables included temperature, wind velocity, and relative humidity (RH) at the litter surface. Litter variables measured included E. coli and total gram-negative bacteria load (colony forming units/g dry matter), water activity, and pH. Management variables such as clean out, the number of flocks reared on the same litter (litter run, LR), and downtime (DT) between flocks were also evaluated. Cellulitis ranged from 0.197% to 6.04%. Significant associations were identified using linear regression between farm, LR, DT, ambient temperature during the brooding period, gram-negative bacteria load in the litter during the brooding period, RH mid-grow out, and E. coli load late in the grow out. The significant variation in the rate of cellulitis between farms combined with the strong association of LR and DT with cellulitis demonstrated that management choices were highly influential in this disease syndrome. Based on these data and our previous findings, managers would be advised to increase DT between flocks and perform a total clean out of the house when a flock processes with a high incidence of cellulitis. PMID:15529974

Schrader, J S; Singer, R S; Atwill, E R

2004-09-01

41

Mouillage de surfaces hétérogènes : cellule de Hele-Shaw imparfaite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the influence of the surface wettability defects on the behavior of a liquid front advancing in a thin Hele-Shaw cell. Defects are made by spraying ink or by deposition of a photosensitive resin on a glass surface, giving a well-characterized system with controlled defects. We have done an experimental and theoretical study of the interface motion past a single defect. The main result is the existence of a pinning transition: the contact line cannot move over defects that are too large and an air bubble remains trapped on the defect. Smaller defects do hold the contact line for a while, but they are eventually wetted by the advancing liquid. We determine the critical defect size for this transition and calculate the equilibrium shapes of the interface in a two-dimensional geometry. We also investigate the motion of an interface moving over multiple defects. We analyze the relation between the statistical properties of the wetting front as function of the geometrical properties of the defect distribution and gravity effects. Nous avons étudié l'influence des défauts de mouillabilité sur la morphologie d'un front de mouillage avançant dans une cellule mince, dite cellule de Hele-Shaw. Nous avons mis au point la réalisation des cellules minces, la fabrication de défauts et leur caractérisation ainsi qu'un dispositif optique nous permettant de visualiser les déformations successives du front de mouillage. Nous avons étudié expérimentalement et théoriquement l'interaction entre l'interface et un défaut de mouillabilité isolé. Nous avons mis en évidence la transition entre un régime de "décrochage" et de "piégeage": si le défaut est suffisamment fort, la ligne de contact reste accrochée sur le défaut et le front liquide ne peut progresser qu'en laissant une bulle d'air sur le défaut, une partie de la surface solide restant alors non mouillée. Sur un défaut faible, en revanche, la ligne de contact ne fait que se déformer momentanément et la surface solide est finalement entièrement recouverte par le liquide. Nous avons calculé les formes d'équilibre de l'interface en faible et forte déformation en géométrie bidimensionnelle et déterminé expérimentalement la force critique du défaut associée à cette transition. Nous avons examiné le comportement du front de mouillage sur des défauts de mouillabilité multiples, situation qui correspond aux applications industrielles. Nous examinons l'influence de la répartition des défauts et de la gravité sur l'amplitude de fluctuation du front de mouillage. L'analyse statistique de ces systèmes permet d'établir des corrélations entre la distribution de défauts sur le substrat et le comportement de l'interface liquide.

Paterson, Agnès.

42

[Primary cutaneous Nocardia brasiliensis cellulitis in immunocompetent child].  

PubMed

Primary cutaneous nocardiosis is an infrequent infection among children, generally affecting immunocompromised hosts. It is caused by Gram positive bacteria, partially alcohol and acid resistant which are saprophytes of the soil, water and organic matter. In most cases the causal agent enters through inhalation, and hematogenous dissemination may occur mainly among the immune compromised patients. Direct cutaneous inoculation is less frequent, especially among children. We report an 8-year old female who lives in an urban house with a small garden, who presented with an ulcer on her right shin accompanied by surrounding cellulitis, pain, swelling and fever. The patient's medical history was unremarkable, with no exposure to animals or travelling, except for rafting on the Jordan River the previous week. Culture from the ulcer grew Nocardia brasiliensis, and she recovered after 8 weeks of therapy with trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole. PMID:23350294

Shachor-Meyouhas, Yael; Ravid, Sarit; Suhair, Hanna; Kassis, Imad

2012-08-01

43

Description d'inclusions intranuclèaires dans les cellules des tiges fasciées des Forsythia sp  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé Dans les cellules des pousses fasciées duForsythia sp.; nous avons observé des inclusions intranucléaires présentant des arrangements périodique très réguliers. Nous n'avons pas décelé de semblables inclusions intranucléaires dans les cellules de pousses prélevées sur des plants normaux. Le problème est posé, des rapports éventuels de cause à effet entre la présence de ces inclusions et l'anomalie morphologique observée.

M. Codaccioni

1973-01-01

44

Antimicrobial activity against CA-MRSA and treatment of uncomplicated nonpurulent cellulitis.  

PubMed

Evaluation of: Pallin DJ, Binder WD, Allen MB et al. Clinical trial: comparative effectiveness of cephalexin plus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole versus cephalexin alone for treatment of uncomplicated cellulitis: a randomized controlled trial. Clin. Infect. Dis. 56(12), 1754-1762 (2013). The rise of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has complicated the empirical antimicrobial treatment of cellulitis. CA-MRSA is frequently the cause of purulent infections, to include purulent cellulitis. The role of CA-MRSA in nonpurulent cellulitis is less clear. Published clinical practice guidelines suggest that CA-MRSA plays only a minor role in nonpurulent cellulitis and that initial treatment should be primarily directed at ?-hemolytic streptococci. Until now, there have been no data from prospective randomized control trials to support this recommendation. In this review, we examine the findings from a recent prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial that refutes the need for empirical coverage of CA-MRSA when treating nonpurulent cellulitis. PMID:23944241

Griffith, Matthew E; Ellis, Michael W

2013-08-01

45

Helicobacter cinaedi Cellulitis and Bacteremia in Immunocompetent Hosts after Orthopedic Surgery?  

PubMed Central

At various times after orthopedic operations (more than a few weeks, with an average of 29.9 days), 11 patients had a sudden onset of high temperature (average 38.9°C) and local cellulitis at different sites on the operated sides. The wounds had completely healed, without complicated infections, when the cellulitis occurred. The clinical picture of cellulitis in all patients was atypical: diffuse salmon-pink skin color, local heat, swelling, spontaneous pain, and tenderness but no eruptions. No patient had any underlying immunocompromising conditions or had been given immunosuppressive agents. Gram-negative spiral bacteria were isolated from blood cultures and were identified as Helicobacter cinaedi on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequencing and DNA-DNA hybridization using standard strains. By means of phylogenetic analysis, we divided these clinical isolates into two clones. The H. cinaedi strain isolated via fecal cultures from two patients without intestinal symptoms was the same clone as the blood isolate. All isolates were quite susceptible to various antibiotics, and clinical and inflammatory symptoms of bacteremia and cellulitis improved after treatment with penicillins and cephalosporins. A relatively high incidence of recurrence of the same disease was observed, however. Almost all patients responded immunologically to the infection, as evidenced by the production of serum antibody against H. cinaedi. We thus suggest that H. cinaedi should not be regarded as simply an opportunistic pathogen but that it may be a pathogen in immunocompetent hosts and may cause infections together with bacteremia and cellulitis.

Kitamura, Toshio; Kawamura, Yoshiaki; Ohkusu, Kiyofumi; Masaki, Takayuki; Iwashita, Hirofumi; Sawa, Tomohiro; Fujii, Shigemoto; Okamoto, Tatsuya; Akaike, Takaaki

2007-01-01

46

Incidence of deep vein thrombosis in erysipelas or cellulitis of the lower extremities.  

PubMed

The incidence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients with erysipelas and cellulitis of the lower extremities is unknown. As such, the indication and efficacy of prophylactic anticoagulation for prevention of DVT in these patients is unclear. The main goal of this review is to provide an estimate of the incidence of DVT in erysipelas and cellulitis based on existing literature. A comprehensive search of the electronic sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, LILAC and Cochrane without any language limitation was performed from 1950 to April 2011 for articles focused on the occurrence of DVT in cellulitis or erysipelas of the lower extremities. The selected studies were divided into two groups according to presence or absence of systematic investigation for DVT. Those studies in which the patients received prophylactic or therapeutic anticoagulants before a diagnosis of DVT were excluded. The reported incidence rate of DVT in patients with erysipelas or cellulitis of the lower extremities is highly variable, ranging from 0 to 15%. In this review, the overall incidence rates of DVT in studies with and without systematic investigation for thromboembolism were 2.72% (95% CI: 1.71-3.75%) and 0.68% (95% CI: 0.27-1.07%), respectively. Given the low reported overall incidence of DVT, neither routine prophylactic anticoagulation nor systematic paraclinical investigation for DVT is indicated in low risk patients with erysipelas or cellulitis of the lower extremities. DVT should still be considered in patients with high pretest probability or other thromboembolic risk factors. PMID:22913433

Mortazavi, Mohammadreza; Samiee, Mitra M; Spencer, Frederick A

2013-03-01

47

Concurrent hidradenitis suppurativa, inflammatory acne, dissecting cellulitis of the scalp, and pyoderma gangrenosum in a 16-year-old boy.  

PubMed

We report the case of a 16-year-old boy who presented to our clinic with concomitant hidradenitis suppurativa, inflammatory acne, dissecting cellulitis of the scalp, and pyoderma gangrenosum. Recent reports describe the co-occurrence of pyoderma gangrenosum, acne, and hidradenitis suppurativa. This case further expands the spectrum of concomitant pyoderma gangrenosum and dissecting cellulitis of the scalp. PMID:24118007

Koshelev, Misha V; Garrison, Paige A; Wright, Teresa S

2014-01-01

48

Chronic Dermatomycoses of the Foot as Risk Factors for Acute Bacterial Cellulitis of the Leg: A Case-Control Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the role of foot dermatomycosis (tinea pedis and onychomycosis) and other candidate risk factors in the development of acute bacterial cellulitis of the leg. Methods: A case-control study, including 243 patients (cases) with acute bacterial cellulitis of the leg and 467 controls, 2 per case, individually matched for gender, age (±5 years), hospital and admission date (±2

Jean-Claude Roujeau; Bardur Sigurgeirsson; Hans-Christian Korting; Helmut Kerl; Carle Paul

2004-01-01

49

A Case of Odontogenic Orbital Cellulitis Causing Blindness by Severe Tension Orbit  

PubMed Central

We report a very rare case of odontogenic orbital cellulitis causing blindness by severe tension orbit. A 41-yr old male patient had visited the hospital due to severe periorbital swelling and nasal stuffiness while he was treated for a periodontal abscess. He was diagnosed with odontogenic sinusitis and orbital cellulitis, and treated with antibiotics. The symptoms were aggravated and emergency sinus drainage was performed. On the next day, a sudden decrease in vision occurred with findings of ischemic optic neuropathy and central retinal artery occlusion. Deformation of the eyeball posterior pole into a cone shape was found from the orbital CT. A high-dose steroid was administered immediately resulting in improvements of periorbital swelling, but the patient's vision had not recovered. Odontogenic orbital cellulitis is relatively rare, but can cause blindness via rapidly progressing tension orbit. Therefore even the simplest of dental problems requires careful attention.

Park, Chang Hyun; Jee, Dong Hyun

2013-01-01

50

Cellulitis with Leukocytopenia as an Initial Sign of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia  

PubMed Central

Patients with hematologic malignancies are immunosuppressive and may develop cutaneous or invasive infections as a primary sign of immune suppression. Acute promyelocytic leukemia (acute myeloid leukemia M3) is caused by translocation of reciprocal chromosomal rearrangement t(15;17), which produces an oncogenic protein. We herein describe a 71-year-old man having cellulitis with leukocytopenia as a first sign of acute promyelocytic leukemia. Dermatologists and hematologists should keep in mind that patients with a hematologic malignancy, such as acute promyelocytic leukemia, can develop cellulitis with leukocytopenia.

Sakamoto, Sachiko; Oiso, Naoki; Emoto, Masakatsu; Uchida, Shusuke; Hirao, Ayaka; Tatsumi, Yoichi; Matsumura, Itaru; Kawada, Akira

2012-01-01

51

Disseminated cryptococcosis initially presenting as cellulitis in a rheumatoid arthritis patient.  

PubMed

Infection with Cryptococcus neoformans often occurs in immunocompromised hosts. It is usually acquired by invasion of the respiratory tract, and then the organisms may spread hematogenously to other viscera, mainly the central nervous system. Although there are some reports of primary cutaneous cryptococcosis, cryptococcal skin disease is a rare feature of disseminated cryptococcosis, and has a poor outcome if unrecognized and untreated. We present a case of cryptococcal cellulitis in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis who was receiving long-term steroid treatment. Reviewing the literature, this is the first report of rheumatoid arthritis with disseminated cryptococcosis initially presenting as cellulitis. PMID:17591585

Lu, Hsueh-Chieh; Yang, Ying-Ying; Huang, Yu-Lin; Chen, Te-Li; Chuang, Chiao-Lin; Lee, Fa-Yauh; Lee, Shou-Dong

2007-06-01

52

Orbital cellulitis and intraconal abscess formation after strabismus surgery in an adult patient.  

PubMed

We report a 60-year-old woman who presented with orbital cellulitis, restricted ocular motility, proptosis, and visual acuity of counting fingers in her left eye 3 days after strabismus surgery. Although she initially responded well to antibiotic and anti-inflammatory therapy, visual acuity in the left eye again decreased on postoperative day 5. Radiographic imaging revealed an intraconal orbital abscess, and she underwent left lateral orbitotomy with abscess drainage, with continued antibiotics and a tapering dose of steroids. To our knowledge, this is the first case of orbital cellulitis and intraconal abscess after strabismus surgery in an adult. PMID:24568992

Strul, Sasha; McCracken, Michael S; Cunin, Kathryn

2014-02-01

53

Multifocal Cellulitis due to Disseminated Neisseria Gonorrhoeae in a Male Patient.  

PubMed

We report a rare case of disseminated gonococcal infection in a 37-year-old man presenting with multifocal cellulitis. The patient presented with fever and painful swelling of the right foot and left hand, and was admitted to our hospital. CT scanning of the extremities revealed multifocal cellulitis. Transthoracic echocardiography findings were normal, and piperacilin/tazoactam therapy was initiated. On antibiotic day 4, Neisseria gonorrhoeae was cultured from a purulent effusion collected from a focal site. Chlamydia trachomatis was detected in urine samples by PCR. We made the diagnosis of multifocal cellulitis due to N. gonorrhoeae in a patient with chlamydia urethritis. The antibiotic agent was changed from piperacilin/tazobactam to ceftriaxone. Levofloxacin was also administered for chlamydia urethritis. By admission day 14, all lesions had resolved and administration of antibiotic agents was terminated. Disseminated gonococcal infection, although rare, should be included in the differential diagnosis of all sexually active patients who present with multifocal cellulitis - also a rare condition, particularly in light of the fact that in recent times, patterns of sexual activity have changed, which was a pertinent factor in this case. PMID:24734149

Yoshino, Yusuke; Abe, Minami; Seo, Kazunori; Koga, Ichiro; Kitazawa, Takatoshi; Ota, Yasuo

2014-06-01

54

The acute orbit: differentiation of orbital cellulitis from subperiosteal abscess by computerized tomography  

Microsoft Academic Search

A series of 65 patients suffering from acute inflammatory disease of the orbit was studied by CT. Ethmoiditis was the cause in the vast majority; trauma and dental extraction played a lesser role in causation. Orbital cellulitis was diagnosed in 17 and subperiosteal abscess in the remaining 48. It was not possible to differentiate 33 pus-containing abscesses from the six

L. C. Handler; I. C. Davey; J. C. Hill; C. Lauryssen

1991-01-01

55

Prophylactic Antibiotics to Prevent Cellulitis of the Leg: Economic Analysis of the PATCH I & II Trials  

PubMed Central

Background Cellulitis (erysipelas) is a recurring and debilitating bacterial infection of the skin and underlying tissue. We assessed the cost-effectiveness of prophylactic antibiotic treatment to prevent the recurrence of cellulitis using low dose penicillin V in patients following a first episode (6 months prophylaxis) and more recurrent cellulitis (12 months prophylaxis, or 6 months in those declining 12 months). Methods Within-trial cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted using the findings of two randomised placebo-controlled multicentre trials (PATCH I and PATCH II), in which patients recruited in the UK and Ireland were followed-up for up to 3 years. Incremental cost, reduction in recurrence, cost per recurrence prevented and cost/QALY were estimated. National unit and reference costs for England in 2010 were applied to resource use, exploring NHS and societal perspectives. A total of 397 patients from the two trials contributed to the analysis. Results There was a 29% reduction in the number of recurrences occurring within the trial (IRR: 0.71 95%CI: 0.53 to 0.90, p?=?0.02), corresponding to an absolute reduction of recurrence of 0.31 recurrences/patient (95%CI: 0.05 to 0.59, p?=?0.02). Incremental costs of prophylaxis suggested a small cost saving but were not statistically significant, comparing the two groups. If a decision-maker is willing to pay up to £25,000/QALY then there is a 66% probability of antibiotic prophylaxis being cost-effective from an NHS perspective, rising to 76% probability from a secondary, societal perspective. Conclusion Following first episode or recurrent cellulitis of the leg, prophylactic low dose penicillin is a very low cost intervention which, on balance, is effective and cost-effective at preventing subsequent attacks. Antibiotic prophylaxis reduces cellulitis recurrence by nearly a third but is not associated with a significant increase in costs.

Mason, James M.; Thomas, Kim S.; Crook, Angela M.; Foster, Katharine A.; Chalmers, Joanne R.; Nunn, Andrew J.; Williams, Hywel C.

2014-01-01

56

Poor Dental Hygiene in Pregnancy Leading to Submandibular Cellulitis and Intrauterine Fetal Demise: Case Report and Literature Review  

PubMed Central

Ludwig's angina is an infectious process involving submandibular, sublingual, and submental spaces that can rapidly progress to hemodynamic instability and airway obstruction. A 38-year-old unbooked multipara of low socioeconomic status with a poor oral and dental hygiene presented with bilateral submandibular cellulitis and intrauterine fetal demise. She delivered vaginally, and subsequently drainage was done for cellulitis. The report highlights the importance of dental hygiene during pregnancy, lest life-threatening complications like Ludwig's angina occur, complicating the course of pregnancy.

Mukherjee, Soma; Sharma, Surbhi; Maru, Laxmi

2013-01-01

57

Potential of Vitamin E and Zinc-Amino Acid Complex for the Reduction of Cellulitis in Broilers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Downs, K.M., Norton, R.A., Macklin, K.S. and Hess, J.B. 2003. Potential of vitamin E and zinc-amino acid complex for the reduction of cellulitis in broilers. J. Appl. Anim. Res., 23: 25–32.A research study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary supplementation with vitamin E and a zinc-amino acid complex (Zn-AA) on the incidence of cellulitis in broiler chickens. Vitamin

K. M. Downs; R. A. Norton; K. S. Macklin; J. B. Hess

2003-01-01

58

Unilateral proptosis and orbital cellulitis in eight African hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris).  

PubMed

Eight African hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris) were presented with unilateral proptosis. Six animals presented specifically for an ocular problem, whereas two had concurrent neurologic disease. Enucleation and light microscopic examination of tissues was performed in five animals, and euthanasia followed by complete postmortem examination was performed in three animals. Histopathologic findings in all hedgehogs included orbital cellulitis, panophthalmitis, and corneal ulceration, with perforation in seven of eight eyes. The etiology of the orbital cellulitis was not determined, but it appeared to precede proptosis. Orbits in hedgehogs are shallow and the palpebral fissures are large, which may predispose them to proptosis, similar to brachycephalic dogs. This clinical presentation was seen in 15% (8/54) of African hedgehogs presented to the Western College of Veterinary Medicine over a 2-yr period from January 1995 to December 1996 and warrants further investigation. PMID:12790427

Wheler, C L; Grahn, B H; Pocknell, A M

2001-06-01

59

Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare cellulitis occurring with septic arthritis after joint injection: a case report  

PubMed Central

Background Cellulitis caused by Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare has rarely been described. Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare is a rare cause of septic arthritis after intra-articular injection, though the causative role of injection is difficult to ascertain in such cases. Case presentation A 57-year-old with rheumatoid arthritis treated with prednisone and azathioprine developed bilateral painful degenerative shoulder arthritis. After corticosteroid injections into both acromioclavicular joints, he developed bilateral cellulitis centered over the injection sites. Skin biopsy showed non-caseating granulomas, and culture grew Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare. Joint aspiration also revealed Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection. Conclusion Although rare, skin and joint infections caused by Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare should be considered in any immunocompromised host, particularly after intra-articular injection. Stains for acid-fast bacilli may be negative in pathologic samples even in the presence of infection; cultures of tissue specimens should always be obtained.

Murdoch, David M; McDonald, Jay R

2007-01-01

60

Affectation heuristique de cellules à des commutateurs dans les réseaux cellulaires pour mobiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  Le problème ?affectation de cellules à des commutateurs dans les réseaux cellulaires est un problème difficile qui ne peut\\u000a pas se résoudre de manière exacte en des temps de calcul raisonnables. Dans cet article, on propose un compromis basé sur\\u000a la méta-heuristique de recherche avec tabous pour obtenir des solutions acceptables en des temps de calcul raisonnables. La\\u000a démarche consiste

F. Houéto; S. pierre

2001-01-01

61

All red is not always bacterial cellulitis: a case of Löfgren's syndrome.  

PubMed

Löfgren's syndrome is a rare variant of sarcoidosis characterized by the triad of hilar adenopathy, acute polyarthritis, and erythema nodosum. It can be the first presentation of underlying sarcoidosis. Also, the initial presentation of Löfgren's syndrome may be confused with cellulitis. This is a self-limiting disease with a very good prognosis. Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), along with supportive care and close monitoring, are the mainstay for treatment. PMID:20942298

Kumar, Gagan; Kumar, Nilay

2010-02-01

62

Bilateral orbital preseptal cellulitis after combined adenotonsillectomy and strabismus surgery--case report and pathogenetic hypothesis.  

PubMed

The first case of bilateral orbital preseptal cellulitis complicating combined adenotonsillectomy and strabismus surgery is reported. The issues of antimicrobial prophylaxis are discussed. The authors speculate about the possible routes of surgical site infection. Transient bacteraemia secondary to adenotonsillectomy may be theoretically a source of distant surgical site infection to the orbit, raising the issue of distant surgical site contamination during multidisciplinary surgery. Combined adenotonsillectomy and eye surgery might benefit from prophylactic systemic antibiotic administration. PMID:23664368

Muzzi, E; Parentin, F; Pelos, G; Grasso, D L; Lora, L; Trabalzini, F; Pensiero, S; Orzan, E

2013-07-01

63

European ST80 community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus orbital cellulitis in a neonate  

PubMed Central

Background Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a serious cause of morbidity and mortality in hospital environment, but also, lately, in the community. This case report is, to our knowledge, the first detailed description of a community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus ST80 orbital cellulitis in a previously healthy neonate. Possible predisposing factors of microbial acquisition and treatment selection are also discussed. Case presentation A 28-day-old Caucasian boy was referred to our hospital with the diagnosis of right orbital cellulitis. His symptoms included right eye proptosis, periocular edema and redness. Empirical therapy of intravenous daptomycin, rifampin and ceftriaxone was initiated. The culture of pus yielded a methicillin-resistant S. aureus isolate and the molecular analysis revealed that it was a Panton-Valentine leukocidine-positive ST80 strain. The combination antimicrobial therapy was continued for 42 days and the infection was successfully controlled. Conclusions Clinicians should be aware that young infants, even without any predisposing condition, are susceptible to orbital cellulitis caused by community-associated methicillin-resistant S. aureus. Prompt initiation of the appropriate empirical therapy, according to the local epidemiology, should successfully address the infection, preventing ocular and systemic complications.

2012-01-01

64

Radiosensibilité comparative des cellules épithéliales de trachée de rats après irradiation alpha in vitro  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main risk in nuclear industry is the internal contamination after inhalation of high LET alpha emitters radionuclides. Main targets of pulmonary carcinogenesis are epithelial respiratory tract cells. An in vitro study was performed in order to determine if a difference in the radiosensitivity occured in epithelial cells from the trachea of two rat strains: Sprague Dawley and Wistar Furth-Fischer F344 after alpha exposure. The cells were irradiated after sedimentation in a specific well. The irradiation was performed using 241Am electrodeposited sources. The irradiation dosecloning efficiency relation was evaluated. A kinetic study of the proliferation and the clonal growth has also been investigated. La contamination interne par inhalation de radionucléides émetteurs alpha de haut TEL est le risque majeur de l'industrie nucléaire. Les cibles principales de la cancérogenèse pulmonaire sont les cellules épithéliales de l'appareil respiratoire. Une étude in vitro a été menée pour déterminer s'il existe une différence de radiosensibilité aux rayonnement alpha, des cellules épithéliales trachéales de deux souches de rats : Sprague Dawley et Wistar Furth-Fischer F344. Les cellules sont irradiées sédimentées au fond d'un puit spécifique à l'aide de sources électrodéposées de 241Am. L'évaluation de la survie cellulaire en fonction de la dose d'irradiation est complétée par un suivi cinétique de la formation et de la prolifération des colonies.

Kugel, C.; Bailly-Despiney, I.; Lagroye, I.; Poncy, J. L.

1998-04-01

65

Dissecting Cellulitis of the Scalp Responding to Intravenous Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha Antagonist  

PubMed Central

The authors present the case of a 30-year-old male patient with a severe and long-standing dissecting cellulitis of the scalp. The disease did not respond to conventional treatment, including oral antibiotics, isotretinoin, and prednisolone. Quality of life was significantly impaired. After introduction of anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment (infliximab), the malodorous discharge stopped, inflammation was reduced significantly, nodules became flat, and pain decreased. The treatment was well tolerated although he developed a temporary psoriasiform rash after the second intravenous infusion. In conclusion, anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha treatment is a new therapeutic option in this severe and recalcitrant disorder.

Wollina, Uwe; Gemmeke, Astrid; Koch, Andre

2012-01-01

66

Horloge à refroidissement d'atomes dans un champ speckle 3D en cellule  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nous présentons l'étude du refroidissement laser réalisé dans une cavité micro-onde polie au niveau optique. Le champ de speckle présent dans la cellule permet la réalisation de l'effet Sisyphe, responsable des faibles températures mesurées au sein de la mélasse optique. Pour des temps de capture de l'ordre de la seconde, on accumule à partir d'une vapeur thermique, environ 108 atomes froids de césium dans un nuage de 4 mm de diamètre à une température de 3 ?K.

Trémine, S.; Guérandel, S.; Holleville, D.; Dimarcq, N.; Clairon, A.

2004-11-01

67

Maxillofacial extramedullary hematopoiesis in a child with sickle cell presenting as bilateral periorbital cellulitis.  

PubMed

Review of a case of paraosseous extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) affecting the maxillary sinuses and retro-orbital spaces imitating bilateral orbital cellulitis. Maxillofacial EMH causes diagnostic/therapeutic challenges. This case report describes a 4-year-old African American male with sickle cell disease (HbSS) who presented with bilateral orbitofacial swelling. Diagnosis was made with imaging and confirmed with tissue sampling. Partial exchange transfusion was utilized to stop the progression of maxillofacial EMH and to treat the patient's chronic anemia. Follow-up MRI showed regression of orbital and retro-orbital involvement. Early treatment with conservative modalities and close observation may prevent need for more invasive treatments. PMID:24809768

Reiersen, David A; Mandava, Mamatha; Jeroudi, Majed; Gungor, Anil

2014-07-01

68

Double trouble: preseptal cellulitis due to two species with multidrug resistance  

PubMed Central

A 2 Year old boy presented with painful ballooning of both eyes with the 2 days history of trauma to the head while playing. His vaccination was complete. On examination he was afebrile. The Eyes were ballooned with blackish crust over both lids. On local examination, eye swelling was tense with severe tenderness. The diagnosis of Preseptal cellulitis was made .We did an Emergency drainage and pus was sent for culture that came out to be positive for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus mirabilis with multiple drug resistance. The coverage was given by Imipenem?+?cilastatin and child had wonderful recovery.

2013-01-01

69

Dermatitis and lymphadenitis resembling juvenile cellulitis in a four-year-old dog.  

PubMed

A four-year-old, entire male toy poodle was presented with a two-and-a-half-week history of ocular discharge progressing to periorbital alopecia, depigmentation, alopecia and ulceration around the muzzle. There was also a haemorrhagic discharge from the ears, pyrexia, lethargy and generalised lymphadenopathy. The clinical, cytological, bacteriological and histopathological findings were consistent with a diagnosis of dermatitis resembling juvenile cellulitis in an adult dog. Glucocorticoid therapy led to rapid resolution of the clinical signs and the dog has remained in remission for two years after cessation of treatment. PMID:15163053

Neuber, A E; van den Broek, A H M; Brownstein, D; Thoday, K L; Hill, P B

2004-05-01

70

Sarcome ? cellules claires du rein : ? propos d'un cas chez un jeune de 17 ans  

PubMed Central

Résumé Le sarcome à cellules claires du rein (SCCR) se voit très rarement chez les jeunes. Il est caractérisé par une évolution agressive marquée par un taux élevé de récidive et de mortalité. Nous rapportons le cas d’un SCCR chez un patient de 17 ans et nous discutons de son apport et de son intérêt médical en vue d’une bonne prise en charge thérapeutique. L’agressivité du SCCR et la prolifération de métastases surtout osseuses impliquent qu’il ne faut pas méconnaître ce diagnostic afin de mettre en place un traitement adapté.

Mazdar, Adil; Sakel, Adil Ait; Essatara, Younes; Beddouche, Ali; Elsayegh, Hachem; Iken, Ali; Benslimane, Lounis; Nouini, Yassine

2014-01-01

71

[Diagnosis and therapy of a dog with an atypical eosinophilic cellulitis].  

PubMed

A 6 years old female bernese mountain dog was seen for a nodular and erythemato-edematous dermatosis resistant to therapy. The histopathological exam showed a eosinophilic cellulitis with flame figures, which are caracteristic for the Wells' syndrome in human. A combined treatment with marbofloxacin and prednisolone brought first a stabilisation of the disease. The cutaneous lesions worsened however at the end of the antibiotic treatment, after reduction of the steroid dosage. The prescription of dapsone did not change the clinical image, which motivated the owner to euthanize the dog. This case report is presented to make practitioners aware of a rare but particularly challenging dermatological problem. PMID:21043027

Glardon, O; Pin, D

2010-11-01

72

Poor dental hygiene in pregnancy leading to submandibular cellulitis and intrauterine fetal demise: case report and literature review.  

PubMed

Ludwig's angina is an infectious process involving submandibular, sublingual, and submental spaces that can rapidly progress to hemodynamic instability and airway obstruction. A 38-year-old unbooked multipara of low socioeconomic status with a poor oral and dental hygiene presented with bilateral submandibular cellulitis and intrauterine fetal demise. She delivered vaginally, and subsequently drainage was done for cellulitis. The report highlights the importance of dental hygiene during pregnancy, lest life-threatening complications like Ludwig's angina occur, complicating the course of pregnancy. PMID:23930173

Mukherjee, Soma; Sharma, Surbhi; Maru, Laxmi

2013-05-01

73

Radiorésistance liée à l'hypoxie : de la cellule à l'homme  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Most experimental tumours contain experimental hypoxic cells located either far from the vessels or close to collaped vessels. The radioresistance of these cellscan be reduced by different treatments and, the best one will depend on the proportion of cells in the two categories of hypoxia. In patients, hypoxic areas have been detected in most solid tumours. The outcome of hypoxia during the course of an accelerated radiotherapy treatment is in progresse as well as the efficacy of carbogen (95% O2 5% CO2) to improve radiotherapy. We participate to the development of predictive assays of the tumour response to an irradiation. La plupart des tumeurs expérimentales renferment des cellules hypoxiques clonogènes situées soit à une certaine distance des vaisseaux soit au contact de vaisseaux collabés. La radiorésistance de ces cellules peut être réduite par différents procédés ; le meilleur traitement dépend de la proportion de celles dans les deux catégories d'hypoxie. Chez l'homme, des zones hypoxiques ont été mises en évidence dans la plupart des tumeurs solides. Le devenir de l'hypoxie au cours d'une radiothérapie accélérée ainsi que l'efficacité du carbogène (95 % O2- 5 % CO2) pour améliorer la radiothérapie sont en cours d'étude. Nous participons également au développement de teste prédicitifs de la réponse tumorale à une irradiation.

Guichard, M.; Stern, S.; Lartigau, E.

1998-04-01

74

Sinonasal Melioidosis in a Returned Traveller Presenting with Nasal Cellulitis and Sinusitis  

PubMed Central

We illustrate a case involving a 51-year-old man who presented to a tertiary hospital with sepsis secondary to an abscess of the nasal vestibule and pustular eruptions of the nasal mucosa. Associated cellulitis extended across the face to the eye, and mucosal thickening of the sinuses was seen on computed tomography. The patient underwent incision and drainage and endoscopic sinus surgery. Blood cultures and swabs were positive for a gram-negative bacillus, Burkholderia pseudomallei. He had multiple risk factors including travel to an endemic area. The patient received extended antibiotic therapy in keeping with published national guidelines. Melioidosis is caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, found in the soil in Northern Australia and Asia. It is transmitted via cutaneous or inhaled routes, leading to pneumonia, skin or soft tissue abscesses, and genitourinary infections. Risk factors include diabetes, chronic lung disease, and alcohol abuse. It can exist as a latent, active, or reactivated infection. A high mortality rate has been identified in patients with sepsis. Melioidosis is endemic in tropical Northern Australia and northeastern Thailand where it is the most common cause of severe community-acquired sepsis. There is one other report of melioidosis in the literature involving orbital cellulitis and sinusitis.

Lim, Rebecca Sin Mei; Flatman, Sam; Dahm, Markus C.

2013-01-01

75

La dimensione del tumore è predittiva della sopravvivenza nel tumore del polmone non a piccole cellule in stadio IA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oggetto dello studio: La premessa base dello screening mediante TC è che la dimensione sia una determinante importante della sopravvivenza per il cancro del polmone. Noi abbiamo cer- cato di esaminare questa ipotesi per il tumore del polmone non a piccole cellule (NSCLC) in stadio IA. Metodi: È stata condotta una analisi retrospettiva di tutti i pazienti con NSCLC istologicamente

Jeffrey L. Port; Michael S. Kent; Robert J. Korst; Daniel Libby; Mark Pasmantier; Nasser K. Altorki

2004-01-01

76

Combination of cyclosporin A and prednisolone for juvenile cellulitis concurrent with hindlimb paresis in 3 English cocker spaniel puppies  

PubMed Central

Three 7-week-old, English cocker spaniel littermates were diagnosed as having juvenile cellulitis with concurrent neurologic signs based on history, histopathology, and therapeutic response. The puppies were treated with cyclosporin A and prednisolone. Skin lesions and hindlimb paresis improved following treatment.

Park, Chul; Yoo, Jong-Hyun; Kim, Ha-Jung; Kang, Byeong-Teck; Park, Hee-Myung

2010-01-01

77

Comparing short to standard duration of antibiotic therapy for patients hospitalized with cellulitis (DANCE): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Recommended therapy duration for patients hospitalized with cellulitis is 10–14 days. Unnecessary use of antibiotics is one of the key factors driving resistance. Recent studies have shown that antibiotic therapy for cellulitis in outpatients can safely be shortened, despite residual inflammation. This study will compare in hospitalized patients the safety and effectiveness of shortening antibiotic therapy for cellulitis from 12 to 6 days. Methods/design In a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, non-inferiority trial, adult patients admitted with cellulitis will be included. Cellulitis is defined as warmth, erythema, and induration of the skin and/or subcutaneous tissue, with or without pain (including erysipelas). All patients will initially be treated with intravenous flucloxacillin, and will be evaluated after 5–6 days. Those who have improved substantially (defined as being afebrile, and having a lower cellulitis severity score) will be randomized at day 6 between additional 6 days of oral flucloxacillin (n?=?198) or placebo (n?=?198). Treatment success is defined as resolution of cellulitis on day 14 (disappearance of warmth and tenderness, improvement of erythema and edema), without the need of additional antibiotics for cellulitis by day 28. Secondary endpoints are relapse rate (up to day 90), speed of recovery (using a cellulitis severity score until day 28, and VAS scores on pain and swelling until day 90), quality of life (using the SF-36 and EQ-5D questionnaires) and costs (associated with total antibiotic use and health-care resource utilization up to day 90). Discussion Inclusion is planned to start in Q2 2014. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT02032654) and the Netherlands Trial Register (NTR4360).

2014-01-01

78

Step-by-step iconographic description of a prolonged but still favourable course of orbital cellulitis in a child with acute rhinosinusitis: an iconographic case study  

PubMed Central

Orbital cellulitis is an infrequent complication of acute ethmoiditis possibly leading to life- or visual-threatening complications. Despite its natural history is well known, its clinical evolution may widely vary among patients, and even in the most favourable cases long-term sequelae may persist. We here provide a step-by-step iconographic description of a periorbital and orbital cellulitis occurring in a child with ipsilateral acute rhinosinusitis. Our report shows that an unusual long-term evolution of periorbital and orbital cellulitis is possible also in apparently favourable cases.

2014-01-01

79

Periorbital cellulitis  

MedlinePLUS

... commonly affects children under 18 months old. This infection can occur after a scratch, injury, or bug bite around the eye, which allows germs to enter the wound. Or it can extend from a nearby site that is infected, such as the sinuses.

80

Orbital cellulitis  

MedlinePLUS

... Pediatric Infectious Diseases. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2008:chap 89. Olitsky SE, Hug D, ... of Infectious Diseases . 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone; 2009:chap 114.

81

Wound botulism associated with black tar heroin and lower extremity cellulitis.  

PubMed

Wound botulism is a rare and potentially fatal disease. The use of black tar heroin has spawned an increase in the incidence of the disease, with the majority of cases occurring in California. The use of botulism antitoxin and surgical debridement are recommended to decrease hospital stay. For this to be effective, the diagnosis of wound botulism first must be considered, followed by an aggressive search for any area of infection that may be debrided. This case report demonstrates several factors to consider in patients presenting with symptoms of botulism poisoning: occurrence away from the Mexico border, no obvious abscess, and the need for prolonged ventilatory support. This case report documents a prolonged hospital stay, possibly caused by delay in administration of antitoxin in a patient with cellulitis that was not considered appropriate for debridement. PMID:11348817

Mitchell, P A; Pons, P T

2001-05-01

82

Facial and Periorbital Cellulitis due to Skin Peeling with Jet Stream by an Unauthorized Person  

PubMed Central

Technologies and devices for cosmetic procedures are developing with each passing day. However, increased and unauthorized use of such emerging technologies may also lead to increases in unexpected results and complications as well. Here, we report a case of facial cellulitis after a “beauty parlor” session of skin cleaning with jet stream peeling device in 19-year old female patient for the first time. Complications due to improper and unauthorized use of jet stream peeling devices may also cause doubts about the safety and impair the reputation of the technology as well. In order to avoid irreversible complications, local authorities should follow the technology and update the regulations where the dermatologists should take an active role.

Kaptanoglu, Asli Feride; Mullaaziz, Didem; Suer, Kaya

2014-01-01

83

Delayed resolution of eyelid swelling in preseptal cellulitis in a child: beware of causing occlusion amblyopia.  

PubMed

A 7-month-old child presented with a 6-day history of right eyelid swelling and redness. She was being treated with chloramphenicol ointment and oral flucloxacillin by the general practitioner. Clinical examination revealed features of preseptal cellulitis. There was no evidence of orbital involvement and the child was generally well otherwise. Her oral antibiotics were changed and she was adviced to attend for a review in 2 days time. However, the child did not return for a review. Three weeks later following resolution of the eyelid swelling, the child represented with a divergent squint in the right eye. Clinical and orthoptic investigations suggested occlusion amblyopia. The child is currently receiving patching treatment for the amblyopia and is awaiting surgery for squint eye. PMID:23476010

Upendran, Muralidharan R; McLoone, Eibhlin

2013-01-01

84

Facial and Periorbital Cellulitis due to Skin Peeling with Jet Stream by an Unauthorized Person.  

PubMed

Technologies and devices for cosmetic procedures are developing with each passing day. However, increased and unauthorized use of such emerging technologies may also lead to increases in unexpected results and complications as well. Here, we report a case of facial cellulitis after a "beauty parlor" session of skin cleaning with jet stream peeling device in 19-year old female patient for the first time. Complications due to improper and unauthorized use of jet stream peeling devices may also cause doubts about the safety and impair the reputation of the technology as well. In order to avoid irreversible complications, local authorities should follow the technology and update the regulations where the dermatologists should take an active role. PMID:24822131

Kaptanoglu, Asli Feride; Mullaaziz, Didem; Suer, Kaya

2014-01-01

85

Une approche basée sur la programmation par contraintes pour affecter des cellules à des commutateurs dans les réseaux cellulaires pour mobiles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  Cet article propose une approche basée sur la programmation par contraintes pour résoudre le problème bien connu dans les\\u000a réseaux de communications personnelles qui est celui de l’affectation de cellules à des commutateurs. Il s’agit de déterminer\\u000a une affectation des différentes cellules du réseau à des commutateurs (dont les localisations sont fixes et connues), qui\\u000a minimiserait une fonction de coûts

Grfice AMOUSSOU; Matthieu André; Gilles Pesant; Samuel Pierre

2003-01-01

86

Hypertrophic Osteoarthropathy Presenting as Unilateral Cellulitis with Successful Treatment Using Pamidronate Disodium  

PubMed Central

Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy is a paraneoplastic syndrome seen in patients with lung cancer. This condition is characterized by the presence of digital clubbing, periosteal thickening, synovial thickening, and severe pain of the affected joints. Other syndromes exhibiting clubbing may or may not have underlying diseases causing their manifestation. An example is primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, or pachydermoperiostosis. While clubbing makes up part of the clinical picture in both hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy and hypertrophic osteoarthropathy, the latter has no underlying disease associations. Rather, primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy is familial, idiopathic, and has a chronic course often beginning during puberty in males. Secondary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy is an acquired form of clubbing that is classically associated with lung disease. However, it has also been associated with diseases of the heart, liver, and intestines. In the setting of pulmonary malignancy, secondary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy is known as hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy. Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy has a distinct constellation of clinical findings that includes intractable pain often refractory to treatments other than resolution of the underlying disease process. The authors herein report a case of hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy masquerading as recurrent lower extremity cellulitis with chronic hand and foot pain in the setting of pulmonary malignancy that responded dramatically to intravenous pamidronate disodium (a bisphosphonate). Given the rarity of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy associated with lung cancer and the difficulty with pain management in such circumstances, the authors present the following case in which pain was mitigated by treatment with bisphosphonate therapy.

Bernardo, Sebastian G.; Burnett, Mark E.; Gordon, Marsha

2012-01-01

87

The role of first line of defence mechanisms in the pathogenesis of cellulitis in broiler chickens: skin structural, physiological and cellular response factors.  

PubMed

The present study examined several basic attributes of first-line defence mechanisms in the skin as potential factors that may explain the susceptibility of broiler chickens to cellulitis. The variables including structural characteristics of the skin, physicochemical properties and cellular responses to the challenge with pathogens were compared between two categories of chickens, a strain of fast-growing commercial broiler chickens (susceptible to cellulitis) and leghorn chickens (resistant to cellulitis). There were substantial differences between leghorns and broilers with regard to physiological characteristics of the skin. Broiler skin was more amenable to injury and the wound-healing process was slow. Compared with leghorns, the lesions resulting from sub-dermal challenge in broilers were more severe and disseminated over a larger area. Mobilization of phagocytic cells (heterophils and macrophages) in leghorns was brisk even in the areas distant from the site of infection, whereas only few heterophils were recruited in the skin of broilers. The functional competence of heterophils in broilers was inferior when compared with leghorns. Based on the present finding, the predisposition of broilers to cellulitis appears to be primarily associated with the inferior first line of defence of their skin. Broilers in commercial situations may be at higher risk to succumb to even minor infection and eventually develop cellulitis because: (1) structural weaknesses of the skin may predispose broilers to skin injury and thus the risk of skin infection by pathogens is increased; (2) broiler skin surface is more likely to provide a conducive environment for colonization of Escherichia coli; (3) in the event of infection, poor recruitment of phagocytic cells to the site of infection may readily lead to widespread colonization of the tissue by pathogens causing cellulitis and (4) poor functional quality of the phagocytic cells that are mobilized compromise the ability of the host to contain the spread of infection. PMID:16300661

Olkowski, A A; Wojnarowicz, C; Chirino-Trejo, M; Wurtz, B M; Kumor, L

2005-12-01

88

Prophylactic antibiotics for the prevention of cellulitis (erysipelas) of the leg: results of the U.K. Dermatology Clinical Trials Network's PATCH II trial  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Cellulitis (erysipelas) of the leg is a common, painful infection of the skin and underlying tissue. Repeat episodes are frequent, cause significant morbidity and result in high health service costs. Objectives To assess whether prophylactic antibiotics prescribed after an episode of cellulitis of the leg can prevent further episodes. Methods Double-blind, randomized controlled trial including patients recently treated for an episode of leg cellulitis. Recruitment took place in 20 hospitals. Randomization was by computer-generated code, and treatments allocated by post from a central pharmacy. Participants were enrolled for a maximum of 3 years and received their randomized treatment for the first 6 months of this period. Results Participants (n = 123) were randomized (31% of target due to slow recruitment). The majority (79%) had suffered one episode of cellulitis on entry into the study. The primary outcome of time to recurrence of cellulitis included all randomized participants and was blinded to treatment allocation. The hazard ratio (HR) showed that treatment with penicillin reduced the risk of recurrence by 47% [HR 0·53, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0·26–1·07, P = 0·08]. In the penicillin V group 12/60 (20%) had a repeat episode compared with 21/63 (33%) in the placebo group. This equates to a number needed to treat (NNT) of eight participants in order to prevent one repeat episode of cellulitis [95% CI NNT(harm) 48 to ? to NNT(benefit) 3]. We found no difference between the two groups in the number of participants with oedema, ulceration or related adverse events. Conclusions Although this trial was limited by slow recruitment, and the result failed to achieve statistical significance, it provides the best evidence available to date for the prevention of recurrence of this debilitating condition.

2012-01-01

89

Régulation de la production, par des cellules endothéliales, de cytokines pro-inflammatoires après irradiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gamma irradiation leads to an increased production of interleukin- (IL)-6 and IL-8 by human endothelial cells. In order to regulate the radio-induced production of these pro-inflammatory cytokines, we used the immunoregulatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10. These agents were added either before or after a 10 Gy-irradiation. Our results show that it is possible to decrease the radio-induced production of IL-6 and IL-8 with the use of IL-4 and IL-10. Differences in the intensity of the response have been observed according to the time of treatment. The anti-inflammatory potential of both IL-4 and IL-10 was more pronounced when added after irradiation. Après irradiation gamma, des cellules endothéliales humaines ont une production accrue des interleukines (IL-) -6 et -8. Dans le but de réguler la production de ces cytokines pro-inflammatoires, nous avons utilisé des cytokines dites anti-inflammatoires, l'IL-4 et l'IL-10. Ces agents ont été ajoutés soit avant soit après une irradiation de 10Gy. Nos résultats montrent qu'il est possible de diminuer les productions radio-induites d'IL-6 et d'IL-8 par l'IL-4 et l'IL-10. Des différences dans l'intensité de la réponse ont toutefois été observées selon que l'IL-4 ou l'IL-10 ont été ajoutées avant ou après irradiation; leur efficacité anti-inflammatoire étant plus marquée lorsque les cytokines sont ajoutées après l'irradiation.

van der Meeren, A.; Lafont, H.; Mathé, D.

1998-04-01

90

Genotypes and Pathogenicity of Cellulitis Isolates Reveal Traits That Modulate APEC Virulence  

PubMed Central

We characterized 144 Escherichia coli isolates from severe cellulitis lesions in broiler chickens from South Brazil. Analysis of susceptibility to 15 antimicrobials revealed frequencies of resistance of less than 30% for most antimicrobials except tetracycline (70%) and sulphonamides (60%). The genotyping of 34 virulence-associated genes revealed that all the isolates harbored virulence factors related to adhesion, iron acquisition and serum resistance, which are characteristic of the avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) pathotype. ColV plasmid-associated genes (cvi/cva, iroN, iss, iucD, sitD, traT, tsh) were especially frequent among the isolates (from 66.6% to 89.6%). According to the Clermont method of ECOR phylogenetic typing, isolates belonged to group D (47.2%), to group A (27.8%), to group B2 (17.4%) and to group B1 (7.6%); the group B2 isolates contained the highest number of virulence-associated genes. Clonal relationship analysis using the ARDRA method revealed a similarity level of 57% or higher among isolates, but no endemic clone. The virulence of the isolates was confirmed in vivo in one-day-old chicks. Most isolates (72.9%) killed all infected chicks within 7 days, and 65 isolates (38.1%) killed most of them within 24 hours. In order to analyze differences in virulence among the APEC isolates, we created a pathogenicity score by combining the times of death with the clinical symptoms noted. By looking for significant associations between the presence of virulence-associated genes and the pathogenicity score, we found that the presence of genes for invasins ibeA and gimB and for group II capsule KpsMTII increased virulence, while the presence of pic decreased virulence. The fact that ibeA, gimB and KpsMTII are characteristic of neonatal meningitis E. coli (NMEC) suggests that genes of NMEC in APEC increase virulence of strains.

Barbieri, Nicolle Lima; de Oliveira, Aline Luisa; Tejkowski, Thiago Moreira; Pavanelo, Daniel Brisotto; Rocha, Debora Assumpcao; Matter, Leticia Beatriz; Callegari-Jacques, Sidia Maria; de Brito, Benito Guimaraes; Horn, Fabiana

2013-01-01

91

[Infectious cellulitis of the face complicating injection for aesthetic nasolabial sulcus by hyaluronic acid: About seven cases].  

PubMed

We report a case series of seven patients with bacterial cellulitis of the face complicating a filler injection for cosmetic reason, treated in a university hospital from 2005 to 2012. There were seven women aged 34 to 57 years. Two patients had a deep collection requiring surgical excision combined with antibiotics. Five patients were treated with antibiotics only. In two cases the bacteria was found streptococcus A and in one case Staphylococcus aureus. One patient required hospitalization in an intensive care unit. Only patients who needed surgical treatment showed moderate aesthetic sequelae. PMID:23998340

Chader, H; Bosc, R; Hersant, B; Lange, F; Hermeziu, O; Zehou, O; Chosidow, O; Meningaud, J-P

2013-12-01

92

Isolation of a Fastidious Bergeyella Species Associated with Cellulitis after a Cat Bite and a Phylogenetic Comparison with Bergeyella zoohelcum Strains  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bergeyella zoohelcum is an uncommon zoonotic pathogen typically associated with cat or dog bites. Previously, only five cases of B. zoohelcum infection have been reported. We report the isolation and characterization of a fastidious Bergeyella species from acute cellulitis in the upper extremity of a 60-year-old woman. The organism was too fastidious for identification and susceptibility testing with traditional culture

Sanjay K. Shukla; David L. Paustian; Patrick J. Stockwell; Roger E. Morey; Jean G. Jordan; Paul N. Levett; Daniel N. Frank; Kurt D. Reed

2004-01-01

93

Tests of nacelle-propeller combinations in various positions with reference to wings V : Clark Y biplane cellule - NACA cowled nacelle - tractor propeller  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report is the fifth of a series giving the results obtained from wind tunnel tests on the interference drag and propulsive efficiency of nacelle-propeller-wing combinations. This report gives results of tests of an NACA cowled air-cooled engine nacelle with tractor propeller located in 12 positions with reference to a Clark Y biplane cellule.

Valentine, E Floyd

1935-01-01

94

Spondyloarthritis associated with acne conglobata, hidradenitis suppurativa and dissecting cellulitis of the scalp: a review with illustrative cases.  

PubMed

To review and highlight the association of acne conglobata, hidradenitis suppurativa, and dissecting cellulitis of the scalp with inflammatory arthritic conditions, we report five illustrative patients with this association, and a review of the literature. All our patients were African-American males, and their skin disease present before the onset of arthritis. Both asymmetric peripheral arthritis and axial disease can occur. The arthritis is usually insidious and lacks association with rheumatoid factor and HLA-B27. Imaging of peripheral joints can reveal erosions, periosteal bone reaction and new bone formation. When the axial skeleton is involved, imaging can reveal sacroiliitis, syndesmophyte formation. NSAIDs, oral and intra-articular steroids, DMARDs and TNF alpha antagonists have all been used with success. Controlled trials with larger numbers of patients are needed to assess which treatment options are the most effective for this group of patients. PMID:23771559

Lim, Debbie T; James, Neena M; Hassan, Sobia; Khan, Muhammad A

2013-08-01

95

A Homeopathic Arnica Patch for the Relief of Cellulitis-derived Pain and Numbness in the Hand  

PubMed Central

Objectives: Arnica montana, belonging to the Compositae family, is a plant with a longstanding tradition of relieving pain and/or inflammation in muscles and joints and may thus represent an alternative to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, which are often ineffective or lead to a number of adverse effects. A homeopathic arnica patch (3X dilution according to the Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States) was developed to alleviate pain symptoms in the back and neck muscles and joints. Case Presentation: The present case report describes the treatment outcome after administration of the arnica patch in a 55-year-old female patient with pain in the right hand and numbness in the fourth finger after cellulitis in the palmar area. The cellulitis was treated with antibiotics, but pain symptoms remained at 7 points on a 0-to-10–point visual analog scale (VAS) for pain despite intake of oral ibuprofen and oral and topical application of an arnica-containing complex homeopathic ointment. Ten arnica patches were dispensed to the patient. She cut the patch into strips to cover all painful areas of the hand and applied them at night. After 3 days, she reported a substantial decrease in pain symptoms (VAS = 1) and a marked decrease in numbness and in the size of a tender nodule on the third metacarpal area. Moreover, the patient was able to sleep through the night without being awakened by the pain. The symptoms declined further during the next 2 days. Conclusion: This case demonstrates that after a relatively short period of time, the administration of the arnica patch on the hand provided a marked reduction of pain and recovery of functionality of the hand.

Kaszkin-Bettag, Marietta

2012-01-01

96

Oral flucloxacillin and phenoxymethylpenicillin versus flucloxacillin alone for the emergency department outpatient treatment of cellulitis: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial  

PubMed Central

Background Oral flucloxacillin, either alone or in combination with phenoxymethylpenicillin, is a commonly prescribed antibiotic for the treatment of cellulitis, particularly in Ireland and the United Kingdom. This study aims to establish the non-inferiority of oral monotherapy (flucloxacillin alone) to dual therapy (flucloxacillin and phenoxymethylpenicillin) for the outpatient treatment of cellulitis in adults. Methods/design This study is a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of adults who present to the emergency department (ED) with cellulitis that is deemed treatable on an outpatient basis with oral antibiotics. After fulfilling specified inclusion and exclusion criteria, informed consent will be taken. Patients will be given a treatment pack containing 7 days of treatment with flucloxacillin 500 mg four times daily and placebo or flucloxacillin 500 mg four times daily and phenoxymethylpenicillin 500 mg four times daily. The primary outcome measure under study is the proportion of patients in each group in which there is greater than or equal to a 50% reduction in the area of diameter of infection from the area measured at enrolment at the end-of-treatment visit (7 to 10 days). Secondary endpoints include a health-related quality of life measurement as rated by the SF-36 score and the Extremity Soft Tissue Infection Score (not validated), compliance and adverse events. Patients will be followed up by telephone call at 3 days, end-of-treatment visit (EOT) at 7 to 10 days and test-of-cure (TOC) visit at 30 days. To achieve 90% power, a sample size of 172 patients per treatment arm is needed. This assumes a treatment success rate of 85% with oral flucloxacillin and phenoxymethylpenicillin, an equivalence threshold ? = 12.5% and an ? = 0.025. Non-inferiority will be assessed using a one-sided confidence interval on the difference of proportions between the two groups. Standard analysis including per-protocol and intention-to-treat will be performed. Discussion This trial aims to establish the non-inferiority of flucloxacillin monotherapy to dual therapy in the treatment of uncomplicated cellulitis among ED patients. In doing so, this trial will bridge a knowledge gap in this understudied and common condition and will be relevant to clinicians across several different disciplines. Trial registration EudraCT Number 2008-006151-42

2013-01-01

97

Dissecting cellulitis (Perifolliculitis Capitis Abscedens et Suffodiens): a comprehensive review focusing on new treatments and findings of the last decade with commentary comparing the therapies and causes of dissecting cellulitis to hidradenitis suppura.  

PubMed

Dissecting cellulitis (DC) also referred to as to as perifolliculitis capitis abscedens et suffodiens (Hoffman) manifests with perifollicular pustules, nodules, abscesses and sinuses that evolve into scarring alopecia. In the U.S., it predominantly occurs in African American men between 20-40 years of age. DC also occurs in other races and women more rarely. DC has been reported worldwide. Older therapies reported effective include: low dose oral zinc, isotretinoin, minocycline, sulfa drugs, tetracycline, prednisone, intralesional triamcinolone, incision and drainage, dapsone, antiandrogens (in women), topical clindamycin, topical isotretinoin, X-ray epilation and ablation, ablative C02 lasers, hair removal lasers (800nm and 694nm), and surgical excision. Newer treatments reported include tumor necrosis factor blockers (TNFB), quinolones, macrolide antibiotics, rifampin, alitretinoin, metronidazole, and high dose zinc sulphate (135-220 mg TID). Isotretinoin seems to provide the best chance at remission, but the number of reports is small, dosing schedules variable, and the long term follow up beyond a year is negligible; treatment failures have been reported. TNFB can succeed when isotretinoin fails, either as monotherapy, or as a bridge to aggressive surgical treatment, but long term data is lacking. Non-medical therapies noted in the last decade include: the 1064 nm laser, ALA-PDT, and modern external beam radiation therapy. Studies that span more than 1 year are lacking. Newer pathologic hair findings include: pigmented casts, black dots, and "3D" yellow dots. Newer associations include: keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome, Crohn disease and pyoderma gangrenosum. Older associations include arthritis and keratitis. DC is likely a reaction pattern, as is shown by its varied therapeutic successes and failures. The etiology of DC remains enigmatic and DC is distinct from hidradenitis suppurativa, which is shown by their varied responses to therapies and their histologic differences. Like HS, DC likely involves both follicular dysfunction and an aberrant cutaneous immune response to commensal bacteria, such as coagulase negative staphylococci. The incidence of DC is likely under-reported. The literature suggests that now most cases of DC can be treated effectively. However, the lack of clinical studies regarding DC prevents full understanding of the disease and limits the ability to define a consensus treatment algorithm. PMID:24852785

Scheinfeld, Noah

2014-01-01

98

Flame figures associated with eosinophilic dermatosis of hematologic malignancy: is it possible to distinguish the condition from eosinophilic cellulitis in patients with hematoproliferative disease?  

PubMed Central

Eosinophilic dermatosis of hematologic malignancy is a multifaceted dermatosis with a wide morphological spectrum, presenting as pruritic, erythematous, papular and occasionally vesicular, urticarial, nodular eruptions. Histopathologically eosinophil infiltration in the super and deep dermis was found. We reported a case of eosinophilic dermatosis of hematologic malignancy presented as urticarial and vesicular lesions in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia. A skin biopsy revealed a prominent subepidermal blister and a diffuse infiltrate of eosinophils with flame figures in the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. Although flame figures associated with eosinophilic dermatosis of hematologic malignancy is rarely reported, we believe that it would not seem unusual to find them in this skin disease. Eosinophilic cellulitis, which share clinical and histological features with eosinophilic dermatosis of hematologic malignancy, has also been described as showing an association with hematoproliferative diseases. In order to clearly describe eosinophilic dermatosis in patients with hematologic malignancies, the terminology eosinophilic dermatosis of hematologic malignancy, instead of eosinophilic cellulitis, would be a more suitable term in patients with eosinophilic dermatosis.

Qiao, Jianjun; Sun, Chang-E; Zhu, Weifang; Zhu, Dingxian; Fang, Hong

2013-01-01

99

Cellulitis and Erysipelas  

MedlinePLUS

... the NIAID Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases web site to work incorrectly. Please visit your browser settings and turn ... is inflammation of the skin and deep underlying tissues. Erysipelas is an inflammatory disease of ...

100

What Is Cellulitis?  

MedlinePLUS

... Reduced Vision Tearing See all Symptoms > Glasses, Contacts & LASIK Contact Lenses Colored Contact Lenses Eyeglasses IOLs Refractive Surgery & LASIK Sunglasses Living EyeSmart About Ophthalmologists Adults Under 40 ...

101

Perianal streptococcal cellulitis  

MedlinePLUS

... inflammation of the anus and rectum caused by Streptococcus bacteria. ... Gerber MA. Group A streptococcus. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; ...

102

Isolation of a fastidious Bergeyella species associated with cellulitis after a cat bite and a phylogenetic comparison with Bergeyella zoohelcum strains.  

PubMed

Bergeyella zoohelcum is an uncommon zoonotic pathogen typically associated with cat or dog bites. Previously, only five cases of B. zoohelcum infection have been reported. We report the isolation and characterization of a fastidious Bergeyella species from acute cellulitis in the upper extremity of a 60-year-old woman. The organism was too fastidious for identification and susceptibility testing with traditional culture methods. The isolate was characterized further by PCR amplification and sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene with broad-range eubacterial primers. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S ribosomal DNA sequence indicated that this isolate was a member of the species B. zoohelcum (previously Weeksella zoohelcum), a gram-negative bacillus that is rarely associated with infections in humans. Despite sharing a close genetic relationship with other B. zoohelcum strains, this isolate was extremely fastidious in nature, raising the possibility that similar strains from cat or dog bite wound infections have been underreported. PMID:14715767

Shukla, Sanjay K; Paustian, David L; Stockwell, Patrick J; Morey, Roger E; Jordan, Jean G; Levett, Paul N; Frank, Daniel N; Reed, Kurt D

2004-01-01

103

Campylobacter fetus infection presenting with bacteremia and cellulitis in a 72-year-old man with an implanted pacemaker: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Campylobacter is an important causative agent of intestinal infections in humans. Bacteremia is detected in less than 1% of patients, mainly in immunocompromised patients and in extreme age groups. Cellulitis is a relatively common manifestation of Campylobacter infection, but concomitant bacteremia is a rare event. Infections of the pacemaker area are caused primarily by staphylococci, followed by fungi, streptococci and Gram-negative rods. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of pacemaker pocket infection and bacteremia caused by Campylobacter fetus. Case presentation A 72-year-old Croatian Caucasian man with myelodysplasia, impaired fasting glucose levels and a recently implanted permanent pacemaker was admitted to hospital after six days of fever, development of red swelling of the pacemaker pocket area and worsening of his general condition. No antibiotic therapy was introduced in the outpatient setting. He denied any recent gastrointestinal disturbances. With the exception of an elevated leukocyte count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein and blood glucose levels, other laboratory findings were normal. Treatment with vancomycin plus netilmicin was introduced, and a surgical incision with drainage of the pacemaker pocket was performed. The entire pacemaker system was removed and a new one re-implanted after 14 days of antibiotic therapy. Transesophageal echocardiography showed no pathological findings. Three subsequent blood cultures obtained on admission as well as swab culture of the incised pacemaker area revealed Campylobacter fetus; stool and pacemaker lead cultures were negative. According to the microbiological results, antibiotic therapy was changed to ciprofloxacin plus netilmicin. A clinical examination and the results of a laboratory analysis performed after two weeks of therapy were within normal limits. Conclusion Myelodysplasia, impaired fasting glucose levels and older age could be contributing factors for the development of bacteremic Campylobacter fetus cellulitis. Emergent surgical and antibiotic treatment are mandatory and provide the optimal outcome for such types of pacemaker pocket infection.

2012-01-01

104

Löfgren's syndrome misdiagnosed as cellulitis.  

PubMed

Löfgren's syndrome is an acute-onset presentation of sarcoidosis that can be easily missed in an ED setting. A case is reported of Löfgren's syndrome presenting as erythema nodosum with bilateral ankle oedema. Although rare, this diagnosis should be considered when examining a patient with erythema nodosum and articular symptoms. PMID:21668726

Cheng, Daryl Ray; Maini, Amit

2011-06-01

105

Breaking the mold of orbital cellulitis.  

PubMed

A 52-year-old, immune-suppressed man presented with painful proptosis. Orbital imaging revealed enhancement of his right inferior rectus muscle and mild ethmoidal sinus disease. Sinus washings and turbinectomy demonstrated Curvularia. Despite aggressive intravenous antimicrobials, the patient remained febrile. Repeat imaging demonstrated a well-defined intramuscular abscess without contiguous orbital or paranasal involvement. Following surgical drainage, the patient improved. Cultures of the material expressed from the abscess confirmed a co-infection with Fusarium. Although rare, fungal abscess of the extraocular muscle should be considered in patients (particularly if immunosuppressed) with extraocular muscle enlargement resistant to conventional antimicrobial therapy. Prompt diagnosis and treatment could potentially prevent further serious morbidity or mortality. PMID:19026322

Peden, Marc C; Neelakantan, Arvind; Orlando, Christine; Khan, Shahab A; Lessner, Alan; Bhatti, M Tariq

2008-01-01

106

Culture in vitro de cellules de liquide peritoneal humain  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author has studied the behaviour of cells from human ascitic fluid in long-term culture (5–6 months). Three cellular types are described with different morphological features, namely the cellular shape, the fashion in which the cell spreads on the glass, the nucleo-cytoplasmic ratio, the chromatin appearance and the abundance of mitochondria. The three cellular types can phagocytose, but each one

Vassilis Gotzos

1977-01-01

107

A case of cellulitis causing tissue defect during etanercept therapy.  

PubMed

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?) antagonists are employed increasingly during recent years in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis who do not respond to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. Contraindications such as infections, auto-antibody formation and hypersensitive reactions can be observed during the treatment with TNF-? antagonist drugs. Our case was a 52-year-old woman, followed by several centers for a period of 21 years with a seropositive, erosive and nodular RA diagnosis. Anti TNF-? treatment was commenced due to the failure to control the disease. During the treatment, a serious cellulite developed, which required hospitalization and surgical debridement as well as intravenous antibiotics treatment. Through the present case, we aimed to draw attention to the skin infection during the use of etanercept in a patient with RA. PMID:20020139

Deniz, Dulgeroglu; Ebru, Umay; Ajda, Bal; Gulsum, Tetik Menevse; Semih, Tatlican; Aytul, Cakci

2012-01-01

108

A case of cellulitis causing tissue defect during etanercept therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?) antagonists are employed increasingly during recent years in patients with active rheumatoid\\u000a arthritis who do not respond to disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. Contraindications such as infections, auto-antibody\\u000a formation and hypersensitive reactions can be observed during the treatment with TNF-? antagonist drugs. Our case was a 52-year-old\\u000a woman, followed by several centers for a period of 21 years with

Dulgeroglu Deniz; Umay Ebru; Bal Ajda; Tetik Menevse Gulsum; Tatlican Semih; Cakci Aytul

109

Pathology Case Study: Fatigue, Easy Bruising, and Cellulitis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a case study presented by the University of Pittsburgh Department of Pathology in which a 51-year-old man, with a history of pancytopenia, presented with âÂÂfatigue, easy bruising, and a left lower leg cellulitesâÂÂ. Results from a blood count along with a microscopic description and images of a marrow biopsy are provided here to help aid in understanding the diagnosis. The âÂÂFinal Diagnosisâ section contains the attending doctorâÂÂs final diagnosis of the patient with commentary, and a detailed pathology. References are also included in this section. This is an excellent resource for students in the health sciences to familiarize themselves with using patient history and laboratory results to diagnose disease. It is also a helpful site for educators to use to introduce or test student knowledge of neuropathology.

Graur, Octavia

2009-01-08

110

Late onset group B streptococcal disease manifests as submandibular cellulitis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 3033g male infant was born to a healthy mother at 39 weeks gestation by normal vaginal delivery with Grade 1 meconium stained liquor. There was no prolonged rupture of membranes or any antenatal risk factors for sepsis. The immediate neonatal period was uneventful and the baby was discharged after two days. At 6 weeks of age the baby was

S K Shetty; D Hindley

2010-01-01

111

Skin and Soft Tissue Infection (Cellulitis) (Beyond the Basics)  

MedlinePLUS

... furuncles, and carbuncles" .) Skin that is raised, reddened, tender, and pus-filled may be caused by a ... reddened area becomes larger, more swollen, or more tender, call your healthcare provider. He or she may ...

112

Cellules souches et thérapie cellulaire. Contribution au débat éthique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Divergent and sometimes conflicting positions with respect to human stem cells and cell therapy do not merely reflect disagreement among scientists and conflicts of interest. They attest the ethical tension resulting from recent progress in understanding the earliest stages of development of the human being that can be observed in vitro. Can the extremely potent notion of the human person

Denys Pellerin

2002-01-01

113

Shellfish-acquired Vibrio cholerae cellulitis and sepsis from a vulnerable leg.  

PubMed

The following case concerns a soft tissue Vibrio cholerae (V. cholerae) infection in a fisherman who cut his foot while retrieving his fishing dinghy. It is rare for V. cholerae to cause extraintestinal infection. This V. cholera was identified as a non-toxigenic organism. The patient was successfully treated with medical therapy at Waikato Hospital (Hamilton, New Zealand) and discharged home after 10 days. PMID:24045356

Whittaker, Samuel J

2013-08-01

114

Caracterisation des proprietes acoustiques des materiaux poreux a cellules ouvertes et a matrice rigide ou souple  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

L'objectif global vise par les travaux de cette these est d'ameliorer la caracterisation des proprietes macroscopiques des materiaux poreux a structure rigide ou souple par des approches inverses et indirectes basees sur des mesures acoustiques faites en tube d'impedance. La precision des approches inverses et indirectes utilisees aujourd'hui est principalement limitee par la qualite des mesures acoustiques obtenues en tube d'impedance. En consequence, cette these se penche sur quatre problemes qui aideront a l'atteinte de l'objectif global precite. Le premier probleme porte sur une caracterisation precise de la porosite ouverte des materiaux poreux. Cette propriete en est une de passage permettant de lier la mesure des proprietes dynamiques acoustiques d'un materiau poreux aux proprietes effectives de sa phase fluide decrite par les modeles semi-phenomenologiques. Le deuxieme probleme traite de l'hypothese de symetrie des materiaux poreux selon leur epaisseur ou un index et un critere sont proposes pour quantifier l'asymetrie d'un materiau. Cette hypothese est souvent source d'imprecision des methodes de caracterisation inverses et indirectes en tube d'impedance. Le critere d'asymetrie propose permet ainsi de s'assurer de l'applicabilite et de la precision de ces methodes pour un materiau donne. Le troisieme probleme vise a mieux comprendre le probleme de transmission sonore en tube d'impedance en presentant pour la premiere fois un developpement exact du probleme par decomposition d'ondes. Ce developpement permet d'etablir clairement les limites des nombreuses methodes existantes basees sur des tubes de transmission a 2, 3 ou 4 microphones. La meilleure comprehension de ce probleme de transmission est importante puisque c'est par ce type de mesures que des methodes permettent d'extraire successivement la matrice de transfert d'un materiau poreux et ses proprietes dynamiques intrinseques comme son impedance caracteristique et son nombre d'onde complexe. Enfin, le quatrieme probleme porte sur le developpement d'une nouvelle methode de transmission exacte a 3 microphones applicable a des materiaux ou systemes symetriques ou non. Dans le cas symetrique, on montre que cette approche permet une nette amelioration de la caracterisation des proprietes dynamiques intrinseques d'un materiau. Mots cles. materiaux poreux, tube d'impedance, transmission sonore, absorption sonore, impedance acoustique, symetrie, porosite, matrice de transfert.

Salissou, Yacoubou

115

Mature teratoma presenting as orbital cellulitis in a 5-month-old baby.  

PubMed

We have presented an interesting case of an unexpected orbital tumor in a 5-month-old female healthy baby who presented initially with a 1-week history of acute left proptosis, swollen eyelid, conjunctival chemosis and exposure keratopathy. She was treated with intravenous antibiotics without any improvement and was referred for the drainage of the left orbital abscess. The procedure was performed with partial resolution, however the proptosis persisted and an underlying orbital pathologic lesion was suspected. Further exploring the left orbital revealed a partially cystic tumor. The histopathologic features were consistent with a mature teratoma. The case is presented with a brief discussion on this entity to attract the attention of general ophthalmologists to such tumors in the orbit. PMID:24413870

Alkatan, Hind Manaa; Chaudhry, Imtiaz; Alayoubi, Ayman

2013-01-01

116

A Deceptive Case of Cellulitis Caused by a Gram-Negative Pathogen  

PubMed Central

Yokenella regensburgei is a member of the family Enterobacteriaceae that has rarely been implicated in clinical disease. We report here a case of septicemia with a skin and soft tissue source caused by Y. regensburgei in an immunocompromised host.

Weinstein, M. P.

2013-01-01

117

Total extrusion of a silicone encircling band through the muscle insertions presenting as orbital cellulitis.  

PubMed

Abstract Introduction: We present an unusual case of anterior migration of a solid silicone encircling band 9 years after scleral buckling surgery. Materials and Methods: An 83-year old woman presented with acute onset of pain and discharge in her left eye. She had undergone cataract surgery complicated by endophthalmitis and managed with pars plana vitrectomy nine years earlier. Results: The patient was treated with transection and removal of the extruding encircling band. Pain ceased within two days. Two weeks postoperatively, the conjunctiva was well adapted without any discharge, ocular motility was as preoperatively. Discussion: Anterior migration of an encircling band through all four rectus muscle insertions is a very uncommon late complication following scleral buckling surgery. The remarkably good preservation of ocular motility in our case can be attributed to the slow advancement of the encircling band over nine years, which allowed a gradual reattachment of the rectus muscle insertions to the sclera. PMID:24832589

Kotoulas, Andreas; Symeonidis, Chrysanthos; Kalantzis, George; Droutsas, Konstantinos; Koutsandrea, Chryssanthi; Georgalas, Ilias

2014-08-01

118

Cellulitis and Abscess Management in the Era of Resistance to Antibiotics (CAMERA). Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the United States, Staphylococcus aureus is the most common cause of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs). Methicillin resistance, which first emerged more than four decades ago among seriously ill patients in health care settings, has now become co...

A. R. Kemper P. D. Sloane

2010-01-01

119

Simulation numerique de l'effet du reflecteur radial sur les cellules rep en utilisant les codes DRAGON et DONJON  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The pressurized water nuclear reactors (PWRs) is the largest fleet of nuclear reactors in operation around the world. Although these reactors have been studied extensively by designers and operators using efficient numerical methods, there are still some calculation weaknesses, given the geometric complexity of the core, still unresolved such as the analysis of the neutron flux's behavior at the core-reflector interface. The standard calculation scheme is a two steps process. In the first step, a detailed calculation at the assembly level with reflective boundary conditions, provides homogenized cross-sections for the assemblies, condensed to a reduced number of groups; this step is called the lattice calculation. The second step uses homogenized properties in each assemblies to calculate reactor properties at the core level. This step is called the full-core calculation or whole-core calculation. This decoupling of the two calculation steps is the origin of methodological bias particularly at the interface core reflector: the periodicity hypothesis used to calculate cross section librairies becomes less pertinent for assemblies that are adjacent to the reflector generally represented by these two models: thus the introduction of equivalent reflector or albedo matrices. The reflector helps to slowdown neutrons leaving the reactor and returning them to the core. This effect leads to two fission peaks in fuel assemblies localised at the core/reflector interface, the fission rate increasing due to the greater proportion of reentrant neutrons. This change in the neutron spectrum arises deep inside the fuel located on the outskirts of the core. To remedy this we simulated a peripheral assembly reflected with TMI-PWR reflector and developed an advanced calculation scheme that takes into account the environment of the peripheral assemblies and generate equivalent neutronic properties for the reflector. This scheme is tested on a core without control mechanisms and charged with fresh fuel. The results of this study showed that explicit representation of reflector and calculation of peripheral assembly with our advanced scheme allow corrections to the energy spectrum at the core interface and increase the peripheral power by up to 12% compared with that of the reference scheme.

Bejaoui, Najoua

120

Post-mortem CT findings in a case of necrotizing cellulitis of the floor of the mouth (Ludwig angina).  

PubMed

Ludwig angina is a rare but potentially lethal infection of the submandibular space that can cause significant upper airway obstruction. We report a case of undiagnosed Ludwig angina that progressed rapidly to death. Ludwig angina was suspected after post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) found swollen mylohyoid muscle with stranding in subcutaneous fat, thickening of deep fascia, and local lymphadenopathy. Subsequently, an autopsy revealed woody induration of the submental region and liquefactive necrosis of the mylohyoid muscle, confirming the diagnosis. It is likely that the dental abscess identified on PMCT was the source of infection. Multiple invasive medical procedures were performed on the subject by the ambulance crew prior to his death. PMCT assisted further in determining procedural success. PMID:24150965

Lee, Wei-I; Lee, Jacqueline; Bassed, Richard; O'Donnell, Chris

2014-03-01

121

Hépatite à cellules géantes et anémie hémolytique auto-immune: efficacité de la splénectomie sur l'hémolyse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. - The previously reported cases of giant cell hepatitis with autoimmune hemolytic anemia were improved by prednisone plus azathioprine.Case report. - A 14-month-old boy suffered from giant cell hepatitis with auto-immune hemolytic anemia and positive direct Coombs test. Prednisone and azathioprine administration improved the liver disease but failed to control hemolysis so that repeated blood transfusions were necessary. Persistance

J. J Choulot; Y Parent; F Etcharry; J Saint-Martin; A Mensire

1996-01-01

122

Préparation et étude de couches minces de CuXY2 (X = Ga, In ; Y = Se, Te) pour applications en cellules solaires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper concerns the study of thin films of CuXY2 (X = Ga, In; Y = Se, Te) photovoltaic materials. The thin films were grown from a close-spaced vapour transport technique in closed tube, with iodine as reagent. After a review of the method and the published results concerning the thermodynamical aspect, we give some results of characterization of the thin films grown with this method. The conditions of quasi-stoichiometric deposition were determined. Phase transitions were observed: for example, for CuInSe2 and at source temperatures above 580°C, the films are formed of (In, Se) compounds, mainly In2Se3 and InSe. These films have a n-type conductivity, while the CuInSe2 films, obtained at T < 580 ^circC, have a p-type conductivity. Hence, either p-type or n-type films can be grown, simply by varying the source temperature. These results were complemented by a study of the films grown by close-spaced sublimation (CSS) at moderate temperature, using the same apparatus. The films are also formed of (In, Se) compounds. Cet article concerne l'étude de couches minces de matériaux photovoltaïques CuXY2 (X = Ga, In ; Y = Se, Te) obtenues par une méthode de transport chimique à courte distance (CSVT) en tube fermé, en présence d'iode. Après un rappel de la méthode, et une synthèse des résultats déjà publiés sur l'aspect thermodynamique, nous donnons des résultats de caractérisation des couches minces obtenues. Les conditions de dépôt quasi-stœchiométriques ont été déterminées. Des transitions de phase ont été trouvées : par exemple, pour CuInSe2 et pour des températures de source >580 ^circC, les couches sont formées de composés (In, Se), en particulier In2Se3 et InSe. Ces couches sont de type n, alors que les couches de CuInSe2, obtenues pour T < 580 ^circC, sont de type p. On peut donc déposer successivement des couches p et n simplement en variant la température. Ces résultats ont été complétés par une étude des couches obtenues par sublimation à courte distance (CSS) à température modérée, en utilisant le même appareillage. On retrouve des couches formées de composés (In, Se).

Massé, G.; Yarzhou, L.; Djessas, K.

1993-11-01

123

Advantages and Limitations in the Use of Diverse Materials for Aircraft Construction Atouts et Limites d'Emplois des Divers Materiaux Utilises dans la Construction des Cellules.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The properties and applications of steels, light alloys, titanium, and carbon composites are compared. A percentage evaluation of their use in civil aircraft, military aircraft, helicopters, and spacecraft shows trends in airframe materials selection. Cri...

G. Hilaire

1981-01-01

124

Advantages and Limitations of Various Materials Used in the Construction of Modules Atout et Limites d'Emplois des Divers Materiaux Utilises dans la Construction des Cellules.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Steels, light alloys, titanium alloys, and composites are compared for economy, mechanical characteristics, energy content, fatigue effects and toughness. The use of these materials in civil and military aircraft, helicopters, and engines is surveyed. Inc...

G. Hilaire

1981-01-01

125

Détection par immunofluorescence des cellules corticotropes et mélanotropes dans l'hypophyse de la grenouille, Rana temporaria L., au cours du développément  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the embryonic and larval developmental stages of the frog, Rana temporaria L, anti-ß 1–24, a 17–39 corticotropine, a and ß MSH antibodies were used to define, with immunofluorescence technique, the appearence of corticotropic and melanotropic cells.

Jeannine Doerr-Schott; Maurice P. Dubois

1973-01-01

126

Etude ab initio des proprietes electroniques et optiques d'un systeme donneur-accepteur organique utilise dans les cellules photovoltaiques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The search for new sources of clean and renewable energy has recently been encouraged by the growing energy demand caused by the industrialization of developing countries and by population growth. In this context, the generation of electricity through the exploitation of solar energy with photovoltaic cells is particularly interesting, since this energy source is largely unused compared to its full potential. Nevertheless, large scale electricity generation with the current design of photovoltaic cells based on silicon is hindered by the large manufacturing cost of these devices. A new generation of photovoltaic cells, which includes organic photovoltaic cells that use semiconducting polymers, is under intense development in order to significantly reduce the manufacturing costs. The replacement of conventional materials with conjugated polymers in photovoltaic cells opens the possibility of using large scale manufacturing processes to produce large-area devices at low cost. However, the power conversion efficiency and the lifetime of organic photovoltaic cells are currently too low for these devices to be cost effective. A better understanding of the organic photovoltaic process is therefore necessary to improve the power conversion efficiency of these devices. The operating principle of photovoltaic cells requires the charge transfer between a polymer acting as an electron donor and a molecule acting as an electron acceptor to enable the dissociation of photogenerated excitons into free charge carriers. Furthermore, to ensure that the majority of the photogenerated excitons dissociates, the active region of an organic photovoltaic cell is typically formed by a bulk heterojunction between the donor and the acceptor. Many experimental studies have shown that the power conversion efficiency of these devices, which is proportional to the product of their short-circuit current Isc with their open circuit potential Voc, is strongly governed by the microstructure of the bulk heterojunction defined as the local order of the two phases and the organization of the donor-acceptor interfaces. Even though these studies have helped to increase the efficiency of organic photovoltaic cells, the relations linking the microstructure of the bulk heterojunction to their electronic and optical properties are still to be established. The objective of the research project is to computationally study the electronic and optical properties of organic bulk heterojunctions composed of regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene) (rrP3HT) and C60, two materials typically used in organic photovoltaic cells. In this study, the microstructure of the donor-acceptor systems can be directly controlled, which facilitates the systematic study of the influence of this parameter on the electronic and optical properties of the organic bulk heterojunctions. The density functional theory (DFT) is used to study the ground state geometric and electronic properties of multiple bulk heterojunction systems, while the time dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) is used to study the optical properties of these systems. The SIESTA software package is used to study periodic systems representing perfectly crystalline materials. The results obtained in this research project show that the power conversion efficiency of organic photovoltaic cells is strongly modulated by the microstructure of the bulk heterojunctions. Indeed, the size of the rrP3HT crystalline domains must be optimized to maximize the efficiency of the photovoltaic devices, since Voc and Isc have opposite behaviors with respect to ?-stacking of the rrP3HT chains. In addition, the efficiency of organic photovoltaic cells could be improved by imposing geometrical constraints in the bulk heterojunctions through manufacturing methods in order to increase the value of Voc without altering the value of Isc. (Abstract shortened by UMI.).

Maillard, Arnaud

127

Wound botulism associated with black tar heroin and lower extremity cellulitis 1 1 Selected Topics: Toxicology is coordinated by Kenneth Kulig, md, of Denver, Colorado  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wound botulism is a rare and potentially fatal disease. The use of black tar heroin has spawned an increase in the incidence of the disease, with the majority of cases occurring in California. The use of botulism antitoxin and surgical debridement are recommended to decrease hospital stay. For this to be effective, the diagnosis of wound botulism first must be

Phillip A Mitchell; Peter T Pons

2001-01-01

128

Eyes - bulging  

MedlinePLUS

... very serious sign. It should be checked immediately. Hyperthyroidism (particularly Graves disease ) is the most common cause ... Glaucoma Graves disease Hemangioma Histiocytosis Hyperthyroidism ... Orbital cellulitis or periorbital cellulitis Rhabdomyosarcoma

129

In vitro osteogenesis assays: Influence of the primary cell source on alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralization Essais osteogeniques in vitro : l'influence de la source des cellules primaires sur l'activitephosphatase alcaline et la mineralisation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In trabecular bone fracture repair in vivo, osteogenesis occurs through endochondral ossification under hypoxic conditions, or through woven bone deposition in the vicinity of blood vessels. In vitro osteogenesis assays are routinely used to test osteoblastic responses to drugs, hormones, and biomaterials for bone and cartilage repair applications. These cell culture models recapitulate events that occur in woven bone synthesis,

C. D. Hoemann; H. El-Gabalawy; M. D. McKee

130

Optimisation de Cellules Solaires au Silicium en vue d'un Fonctionnement sous Concentration Solaire Moyenne (20 a 50) (Optimisation of Silicon Solar Cells for Operation under Medium-Range Solar Concentration (20 to 50)).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The results of a one-year study are presented on the optimization of silicon solar cells for operation under medium-range solar concentration (20 to 50). The problem of the solar concentration and the importance of the series resistance are considered as ...

E. Fabre

1982-01-01

131

Wells syndrome  

PubMed Central

Wells syndrome or eosinophilic cellulitis is characterized clinically by an acute dermatitis resembling cellulitis and histopathologically by dermal eosinophilic infiltration. Various morphological presentations have been described. We report a 32-year-old female with recurrent, erythematous plaques on left forearm of 8 months duration, associated with mild itching that resolved leaving mild hyperpigmentation.

Bansal, Manish; Rai, Tulika; Pandey, Shyam S.

2012-01-01

132

Mitochondrial swelling induced by unconjugated bilirubin in vitro  

Microsoft Academic Search

Riassunto Gli Autori hanno studiato, per mezzo del microscopio in contrasto di fase e del microscopio a contrasto di fase interferenziale, le modificazioni della morfologìa dei mitocondri di cellule coltivate in vitro e sottoposte all'azione della bilirubina non coniugata. Questo pigmento biliare induce, dopo 15 min di contatto con le cellule, la perdita della motilità mitocondriale e dopo 30 min

F. Paradisi; L. Graziano

1973-01-01

133

Fibrinopeptide A  

MedlinePLUS

... with blood clotting such as disseminated intravascular coagulation ( DIC ). Certain types of leukemia are associated with DIC. ... A levels may be a sign of: Cellulitis DIC Leukemia at the time of diagnosis, during early ...

134

21 CFR 520.88g - Amoxicillin trihydrate and clavulanate potassium film-coated tablets.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... spp., and Escherichia coli. Treatment of periodontal infections due to susceptible strains of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. (iii) Limitations. Wounds, abscesses, cellulitis, and superficial/juvenile pyoderma: Treat for 5 to...

2013-04-01

135

Studies in Sickle Cell Disease, Pathophysiology of Sickling and Host Resistance to Infections.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Completed studies clearly define the pathophysiology of irreversible sickle cell (ISC) formation. In particular the studies have identified the relationship between ISC production, energy metabolism and the regulation of RBC cation permeability and cellul...

D. G. Nathan

1977-01-01

136

Osteomyelitis  

MedlinePLUS

... Safety Center Bones, Muscles, and Joints Why Is Hand Washing So Important? Cellulitis Broken Bones Checking Out Cuts, ... Broken Bones Staph Infections Bones, Muscles, and Joints Hand Washing Contact Us Print Additional resources Send to a ...

137

[Staphylococcus, the most frequent agent of serious complications of acute sinusitis in children. 5 cases].  

PubMed

The high incidence of staphylococcal infection in severe forms of orbital cellulitis is reviewed with 4 case reports of children with complications of acute sinusitis due to staphylococcal infection. Three cases of thrombosis of the sinus cavernosus due to ethmoidal extension were observed, complicated in one case by fatal purulent meningitis. In one case, the sinusitis was a mixed staphylococcal and anerobic infection with orbital cellulitis and subcutaneous gas gangrene. No organism was isolated in the fifth child who had exophtalmos due to retroorbital cellulitis, but a rapid recovery was obtained with anti staphylococcal antibiotics after failure of inappropriate antibiotics. In conclusion, all periorbital cellulitis complicating sinusitis should be prescribed active anti staphylococcal antibiotics. In addition low dose anti coagulant therapy and prophylactic treatment against cerebral aedema are recommanded because of the risk of extension of the infection by thrombophlebitis of the sinus cavernosus and of intracranial propagation of the periorbital aedema. PMID:7158892

Moranne, J B; Estournet, B; Adrien, A; Seurat, M C; Barois, A

1982-01-01

138

Genome Sequence of the Human-Pathogenetic Bacterium Vibrio vulnificus B2  

PubMed Central

Vibrio vulnificus, which can lead to rapidly expanding cellulitis or septicemia, is present in the marine environment. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of strain B2, which was isolated from a septicemia patient in 2010.

Wang, Zhi-Gang; Wu, Zhan; Zha, Jia

2012-01-01

139

Necrotizing Skin Infections  

MedlinePLUS

... incisions or even healthy skin. Sometimes people with diverticulitis, intestinal perforation, or tumors of the intestine develop ... Versions VIEW STUDENT STORIES Pronunciations bullae cellulitis coccal diverticulitis fasciitis immune globulin necrosis necrotizing fasciitis Back to ...

140

Pets and Your Health  

MedlinePLUS

... infected with the bacteria may develop swollen and tender lymph nodes, fever, headache, and fatigue. Usually, the ... can make the skin become red, warm, and tender, sometimes with pus. Cellulitis can cause complications like ...

141

ARRAYS FOR BIOMONITORING ENVIRONMENTAL AND REPRODUCTIVE TOXICOLOGY  

EPA Science Inventory

DNA arrays are receiving increasing interest as a tool for monitoring the developmental and reproductive impact of xenobiotics and other hazardous materials on human and wildlife populations. The primary tenet of toxicogenomics is that effects of environmental exposure on cellul...

142

[Restricted eyeball with proptosis].  

PubMed

Orbital cellulitis is an acute inflammation of the orbital content with exophthalmos, chemosis, blepharedema, reduction of eyeball motility and generalized illness, occasionally with fever. It is predominantly transmitted from the ENT region and rarely occurs as a complication after a scleral buckling procedure. The patient concerned contracted orbital cellulitis many years after scleral buckling because the cerclage was infected. Alterations to the sclera with atrophy and thinning in the context of myopia were probably favorable factors for development. PMID:21174101

Witteborn, M; Mennel, S

2011-03-01

143

Exploration d'une expérience PV en champ électrique transverse, exploitant la détection par émission stimulée  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nous présentons ici les premières étapes de la mise en place d'une expérience de violation de parité dans l'atome de césium, dans une nouvelle configuration expérimentale. II s'agit d'une expérience pompe-sonde, exploitant la détection par émission stimulée, où la transition d'excitation est assistée par l'application d'un champ électrique transverse. La possibilité d'appliquer un champ électrique transverse homogène dans une vapeur dense de césium vient de l'emploi de cellules en saphir, dont la conductivité électrique au contact du césium est de plusieurs ordres de grandeur inférieure à celles des cellules en verre.

Jahier, E.; Guéna, J.; Lintz, M.; Jacquier, Ph.; Bouchiat, M. A.

2002-06-01

144

Méthode de synthèse de la structure des convertisseurs multi-niveaux  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper a study of the multilevel converters' structures is presented. Multilevel cells with series connection of voltage sources are considered. The notion of power reversibility of the cell is introduced. It allows for the definition of reversible and non-reversible converter structures. The knowledge of the sign of the current which circulates in the cell permits the definition of the static characteristics of the switches involved in the connection between the different points of the voltage source and the current source. Two configurations of the cells are studied. For each one, the static characteristic of each switch is determined. For the first configuration, called “N_c-switch cell", each point of the voltage source is connected to the current source by one switch only. The second one is constituted of a stacking-up of switching elementary cells. It is called “elementary cell association structure". In this case, several switches are involved in each connection. Thanks to these two configurations, different cells have been developed, and they allow for the definition of new structures of rectifiers. Une méthode d'étude des structures de convertisseurs réalisés à partir de cellules multi-niveaux à association de sources de tension en série est présentée. La notion de non réversibilité en puissance de la cellule de commutation est introduite. Elle permet la définition des structures de conversion réversibles ou non réversibles. À partir du sens de circulation du courant dans les cellules, il est possible de définir la caractéristique statique des interrupteurs réalisant les connexions entre un des différents points de la source de tension et la source de courant. Deux trames d'interrupteurs sont considérées. Pour la première, nommée “cellule à N_c interrupteurs", les connexions sont réalisées par un seul interrupteur à la fois. Pour la seconde, constituée d'un empilage de cellules élémentaires de commutation, et nommée “cellule à association de cellules élémentaires", les connexions nécessitent la mise en série de plusieurs interrupteurs. À partir de ces deux trames d'interrupteurs, plusieurs cellules conduisant à de nouvelles structures de redresseurs non réversibles ont pu être définies.

Bartholoméüs, P.; Le Moigne, P.; Rombaut, C.

1997-09-01

145

Vertically acquired community methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus dacryocystitis in a neonate.  

PubMed

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections are becoming increasingly common in the community, especially among children.(1) Community MRSA differs from the more familiar nosocomial MRSA in having a distinct epidemiology and a broader antibiotic-susceptibility profile.(2) Community MRSA can infect the eye and orbit.(3,4) Cases have been reported in otherwise-healthy children, including chronic dacryocystitis in an 8-month-old infant and orbital cellulitis in a 16-month-old child.(5,6) I report a case of perinatally acquired community MRSA dacryocystitis and periorbital cellulitis associated with bacteremia in a 12-day-old previously healthy, full-term neonate. PMID:18930673

Rutar, Tina

2009-02-01

146

Primary cutaneous cryptococcosis in a renal transplant recipient: case report.  

PubMed

We report a kidney transplant recipient with severe skin- and soft-tissue infection mimicking necrotising fasciitis. Patient failed to respond to empirical antibiotic therapy for presumed bacterial cellulitis. Culture of aspirate from the wound and tissue samples revealed Cryptococcus neoformans. No signs of systemic cryptococcal infection were found. After antifungal treatment and surgical intervention, complete healing was achieved. Clinical and microbiological characteristics of this patient are discussed. Our case indicates that primary cutaneous cryptococcosis must be included in the differential diagnosis of severe cellulitis in solid organ transplant recipients not responding to broad-spectrum antibiotic regimens. In our case, prompt diagnosis and treatment could dramatically modify the outcome. PMID:19558429

Zorman, Jerneja Videcnik; Zupanc, Tatjana Lejko; Parac, Zlatko; Cucek, Igor

2010-11-01

147

Topologiacl Models of 2D Fractal Cellular Structures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In space-filling 2D cellular structures with trivalent vertices and in which each cell is constrained to share at most one side with any cell and no side with itself, the maximum fraction of three-sided cells is produced by a decoration of vertices of any initial structure by three-sided cells. Fractal cellular structures are obtained if the latter decoration process is iterated indefinitely. Other methods of constructions of fractal structures are also described. The probability distribution P(n) of the number n of cell sides and some two-cell topological properties of a 2D fractal cellular structure constructed from the triangular Sierpinski gasket are investigated. On the whole, the repartition of cells in 2D structures with n geq 3 and P(3) ne 0 evolve regularly when topological disorder, conveniently measured by the variance ?2 of P(n), increases. The strong correlations which exist among cells, in particular in natural structures (?2lesssim 5), decrease progressively when ?2 increases, a cell repartition close to a random one being reached for ?2sim 12. We argue that the structures finally evolve to fractal structures (for which ?2 is infinite) but we have not characterized the latter transition. Dans des structures cellulaires 2D à sommets trivalents qui remplissent l'espace et dans lesquelles une cellule partage au plus un côté avec toute autre cellule et aucun avec elle-même, la proportion maximum admissible de cellules à trois côtés est obtenue par une décoration de tous les sommets d'une structure initiale quelconque par des cellules à trois côtés. Des structures cellulaires “fractales” 2D sont ainsi engendrées si le processus précédent est répété à l'infini. D'autres méthodes de constructions de structures fractales sont également décrites. La distribution de probabilité P(n) du nombre n de côtés des cellules ainsi que des corrélations de paires sont étudiées pour une structure cellulaire fractale construite à partir du tamis de Sierpinski. Au total, la répartition des cellules dans les structures cellulaires 2D avec n geq 3 et P(3) ne 0 évolue de manière régulière lorseque le désordre topologique, commodément représenté par la variance ?2 de P(n), s'accroît. Les fortes corrélations qui existent entre les cellules, en particulier dans les structures naturelles (?2lesssim 5) diminuent progressivement quand ?2 augmente, la répartition des cellules étant proche d'une répartition aléatoire pour ?2sim 12. Enfin les structures évolueraient vers des structures fractales, pour lesquelles ?2 est infini, mais cette dernière transition reste encore à caractériser.

Le Caër, G.; Delannay, R.

1995-11-01

148

Dermohypodermite bactérienne non nécrosante et bactériémie à Shewanella putrefaciens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shewanella putrefaciens is a Gram negative opportunistic pathogen which causes skin and soft tissue infections and bacteriemia in immunocompromized patients. We report a 86-year-old man, who presented with an infectious cellulitis of the leg associated with Shewanella putrefaciens bacteriemia. This patient was treated by mycophenolate mofetil for a bullous pemphigoid resistant to corticotherapy.

T. Aubert; C. Rovery; K. Bourhaba; S. Singeorzan; M. Heim; E. Crétel

2009-01-01

149

Shewanella and Photobacterium spp. in Oysters and Seawater from the Delaware Bay  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shewanella algae, S. putrefaciens, and Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae are indigenous marine bac- teria and human pathogens causing cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis, abscesses, septicemia, and death. Infections are rare and are most often associated with the immunocompromised host. A study was performed on the microbiological flora of oysters and seawater from commercial oyster harvesting sites in the Delaware Bay, New Jersey.

Gary P. Richards; Michael A. Watson; Edward J. Crane III; Iris G. Burt; David Bushek

2008-01-01

150

Blunt Trauma as a Risk Factor for Group A Streptococcal Necrotizing Fasciitis  

PubMed Central

Purpose Anecdotal reports suggest that blunt trauma and seemingly innocuous musculoskeletal injuries (e.g. muscle strains) are risk factors for developing necrotizing fasciitis (NF) and myositis caused by group A Streptococcus and other bacteria; however, this hypothesis has not been tested in analytic epidemiologic studies of invasive group A streptococcal (GAS) disease. We conducted two case-control studies to determine whether nonpenetrating trauma is a risk factor for either NF or severe cellulitis caused by GAS. Methods A secondary analysis of patients that were hospitalized throughout Florida for invasive GAS disease during a four-year period was conducted. Two case series were used. The first series comprised patients who had severe GAS cellulitis. The second were patients who had GAS NF. Cases were compared to a single control series comprised of patients with invasive GAS disease not including either NF or cellulitis (e.g. primary bacteremia, septic arthritis, etc.). Results After adjusting for age, race, and clindamycin, GAS NF cases were 5.97 times as likely as controls to have a recent history of blunt trauma (p=0.04). Patients with severe cellulitis were not more likely than controls to have associated blunt trauma. Conclusions Nonpenetrating trauma is significantly associated with the development of GAS NF.

Nuwayhid, Ziyad B.; Aronoff, David M.; Mulla, Zuber D.

2014-01-01

151

Ludwig's Angina in Post Partum Patient.  

PubMed

Ludwig's Angina is a rapid progressive cellulitis of the submandibular spaces, with potential for significant upper airway obstruction. Most reported cases follow an odontogenic infection. We present a case of 22-year-old female patient in her 2 weeks post partum period developing a life threatening infection. Immediate intubation, surgical decompression and antibiotic therapy successfully resolved the episode. PMID:24822014

Banu, Khurshida; Srikanth, G

2014-06-01

152

Acute rectus muscle palsy in children as a result of orbital myositis  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: Acute rectus muscle palsy caused by orbital myositis is often confused with infectious orbital cellulitis. The purpose of this article is to clarify the former condition by explaining how it is manifested and treated. METHODS: The seven children less than age 11 years in this study were examined after having an acute onset of ocular pain. Physical examination indicated

Zane F. Pollard

1996-01-01

153

Endocrine Responses to Resistance Exercise,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this brief review is to examine resistance training responses of selected hormones related to acute stress and growth promoting actions. Hormonal mechanisms appear to be involved with both short-term homeostatic control and long-term cellul...

W. J. Kraemer

1987-01-01

154

Cellulite nécrosante périnéale révélant un adénocarcinome rectal  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report one case of rectal cancer disclosed by a perineal cellulitis in a diabetic woman. This infrequent association has a bad prognosis. Diagnosis is mainly clinical. Treatment is urgent with large spectrum antibiotic therapy, surgical debridement, colostomy and hyperbaric oxygen if available. Surgical treatment of the rectal cancer can be done immediately or delayed.

A Lamy; B Tissot; F Pigot

2003-01-01

155

Eating, drinking and activity in rats following 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé L'activité chez le rat a été enregistrée au moyen de cellules photoélectriques dans une cage permettant la locomotion. Après l'administration du 5-HTP, l'activité totale diminue mais les résultats suggèrent que les animaux restent éveillés une proportion plus grande du temps.

Daphné Joyce; N. Mrosovsky

1964-01-01

156

Case report Combined sphenoid and frontal sinus aplasia accompanied by bilateral maxillary and ethmoid sinus hypoplasia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe CT scans of a case with bilateral aplasia of frontal and sphenoid sinuses with symmetrical hypoplasia of the ethmoid cellules and maxillary sinuses. This case appears to be first in the English-language literature with these combined findings. Paranasal sinuses are prone to a great diversity of anomalies. It is important for surgeons to be aware of variations that

A HAKTANIR; M ACAR; A YUCEL; A AYCICEK; B DEGIRMENCI; R ALBAYRAK

2005-01-01

157

Bleomycin therapy for cystic hygroma  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intralesional bleomycin injection was used as sclerosant therapy for sixteen patients with cystic hygroma. An excellent (complete clinical resolution) response was obtained in seven (44%) patients, a good (>50% response) result in seven (44%), and a poor or no response in two (12%). Minor transient side effects (fever, vomiting, cellulitis, skin discoloration) were seen in six patients, and there were

J Orford; A Barker; S Thonell; P King; J Murphy

1995-01-01

158

Primary Cutaneous Cryptococcosis in an Immunocompetent Host: Case Report and Review of the Literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report a 46-year-old male who developed cellulitis of his third right finger after being injured with a metallic object. Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans was isolated from both the skin and the metallic object. Systemic cryptococcosis and immunosuppression was excluded by appropriate tests. Complete healing was achieved after 10 months of itraconazole 100 mg\\/12 h and surgical excision of the

F. Revenga; J. F. Paricio; F. J. Merino; T. Nebreda; T. Ramírez; A. M. Martínez

2002-01-01

159

Cutaneous cryptococcosis in a diabetic renal transplant recipient  

Microsoft Academic Search

A diabetic renal transplant recipient with cellulitis caused by Cryptococcus neoformans, serotype A, is described. The diagnosis was based on the demonstration of capsulated, budding yeast cells in the aspirated material and tissue from the cellulitic lesion and isolation of the aetiological agent in culture. The isolate formed well-developed capsules in the brain tissue of experimentally infected mice and produced

R. K. Gupta; M. R. N. Nampoory; M. M. Mikhail; V. Johny

2004-01-01

160

Risk Factors for Erysipelas of the Leg in Tunisia: A Multicenter Case-Control Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Risk factors for erysipelas (cellulitis) were rarely evaluated in controlled studies. Regional variations of these risk factors have never be assessed. Objective: To assess risk factors for erysipelas of the leg in Tunisia. Subjects and Methods: Case-control study in seven hospital centers in Tunisia. Cases were 114 consecutive patients with erysipelas of the leg [sudden onset (<24 h) of

Mourad Mokni; Alain Dupuy; Mohamed Denguezli; Raouf Dhaoui; Samir Bouassida; Montacer Amri; Sami Fenniche; Faten Zeglaoui; Nejib Doss; Rafiaa Nouira; Amel Ben Osman-Dhahri; Jamel Zili; Insaf Mokhtar; Mohamed Ridha Kamoun; Abdelmajid Zahaf; Olivier Chosidow

2006-01-01

161

Management of a gunshot wound in a mare  

PubMed Central

A 5-year-old, Quarter horse mare was treated for severe cellulitis secondary to a gunshot wound near the right humerus. The bullet was not retrieved due to the risk of damaging the radial nerve or elbow joint. Despite the presence of the bullet, the mare resumed athletic soundness once the infection had resolved.

Mellish, Martha A.; Adreani, Christine M.

2008-01-01

162

Methodology for evaluating Insite: Canada's first medically supervised safer injection facility for injection drug users  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many Canadian cities are experiencing ongoing infectious disease and overdose epidemics among injection drug users (IDUs). In particular, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and hepatitis C Virus (HCV) have become endemic in many settings and bacterial and viral infections, such as endocarditis and cellulitis, have become extremely common among this population. In an effort to reduce these public health concerns and

Evan Wood; Thomas Kerr; Elisa Lloyd-Smith; Chris Buchner; David C Marsh; Julio SG Montaner; Mark W Tyndall

2004-01-01

163

Studies on Improvement of Ouput from CdS-Cu2S Photocells.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The preparation of backwall structures of CuS-Cu2S by means of pulverization is described within the framework of a study on a pilot installation. A homogeneous deposit has been obtained on a surface of 100m/sup 2/ and non-encapsulated cellules of 1 cm/su...

J. Vedel J. Lahaye S. Martinuzzi J. Bougnot M. Cadene

1985-01-01

164

Effect of cream containing Melia azedarach flowers on skin diseases in children.  

PubMed

A herbal cream containing a methanolic HPLC-standardized extract of Melia azedarach flowers has been prepared and found potent against bacterial skin diseases like cellulitis, pustules, pyogenic infections, etc. in children. The results obtained are comparable to those with neomycin. PMID:18375108

Saleem, Rubeena; Rani, Rizwana; Ahmed, Muhammad; Sadaf, Farzana; Ahmad, Syed Iqbal; ul Zafar, Navaid; Khan, Sobia Sajida; Siddiqui, Bina Shaheen; Lubna; Ansari, Farheen; Khan, Shakeel Ahmed; Faizi, Shaheen

2008-04-01

165

Skin reactions induced by trimetrexate, an analog of methotrexate  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have observed three forms of skin toxicity induced by the new antifol trimetrexate in a Phase I trial. They are: radiation recall, cellulitis at the infusion site, and generalized skin eruptions with erythroderma. A total of 25 episodes of some form of skin reaction occurred in 31 patients. The generalized eruption began about four days after drug administration and

Raymond B. Weiss; William D. James; William B. Major; Michael B. Porter; Carmen J. Allegra; Gregory A. Curt

1986-01-01

166

77 FR 24718 - Scientific Information Request on Chronic Venous Ulcers Treatments  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...what are the benefits and harms of using dressings that regulate wound moisture with or...cellulitis that are being treated with dressings that regulate wound moisture with or...antibiotics when compared with using dressings alone? Question 3 a. For patients...

2012-04-25

167

Small molecules that recapitulate the early steps of urodele amphibian limb regeneration and confer multipotency.  

PubMed

In urodele amphibians, an early step in limb regeneration is skeletal muscle fiber dedifferentiation into a cellulate that proliferates to contribute new limb tissue. However, mammalian muscle cannot dedifferentiate after injury. We have developed a novel, small-molecule-based method to induce dedifferentiation in mammalian skeletal muscle. Muscle cellularization was induced by the small molecule myoseverin. Candidate small molecules were tested for the induction of proliferation in the cellulate. We observed that treatment with the small molecules BIO (glycogen synthase-3 kinase inhibitor), lysophosphatidic acid (pleiotropic activator of G-protein-coupled receptors), SB203580 (p38 MAP kinase inhibitor), or SQ22536 (adenylyl cyclase inhibitor) induced proliferation. Moreover, these proliferating cells were multipotent, as confirmed by the chemical induction of mesodermal-derived cell lineages. Microarray analysis showed that the multipotent, BIO-treated cellulate possessed a markedly different gene expression pattern than lineage-restricted C2C12 myoblasts, especially for genes related to signal transduction and differentiation. Sequential small molecule treatment of the muscle cellulate with BIO, SB203580, or SQ22536 and the aurora B kinase inhibitor, reversine, induced the formation of cells with neurogenic potential (ectodermal lineage), indicating the acquirement of pluripotency. This is the first demonstration of a small molecule method that induces mammalian muscle to undergo dedifferentiation and rededifferentiation into alternate cell lineages. This method induces dedifferentiation in a simple, stepwise approach and has therapeutic potential to enhance tissue regeneration in mammals. PMID:22270490

Kim, Woong-Hee; Jung, Da-Woon; Kim, Jinmi; Im, Sin-Hyeog; Hwang, Seung Yong; Williams, Darren R

2012-04-20

168

Roseomonas gilardii Infection: Case Report and Review  

PubMed Central

Roseomonas gilardii is a bacterium that has been indicated as a rare cause of human infections. The case of a patient presenting with cellulitis and bacteremia secondary to R. gilardii is described together with the clinical characteristics of infection with this organism obtained from a review of cases previously reported.

Shokar, Navkiran K.; Shokar, Gurjeet S.; Islam, Jamal; Cass, Alvah R.

2002-01-01

169

Mucor circinelloides Was Identified by Molecular Methods as a Cause of Primary Cutaneous Zygomycosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

CASE REPORT A 90-year-old male presented to his primary-care physician with fever, fatigue, and lower-right-leg cellulitis following trauma to the leg. The trauma, which occurred about 1 month prior to presentation, was described by the patient as being \\

Peter C. Iwen; Lynne Sigler; Rhonda K. Noel; Alison G. Freifeld

2007-01-01

170

Generations of Suffering: Drug Use During Pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

:Substance abuse during pregnancy represents a major threat to both women and their infants. Medical complications, including anemia, cardiac disease, cellulitis, edema, hepatitis, phlebitis, pneumonia, cystitis, urethritis, and pyelonephritis, are seen in nearly 50 percent of pregnant drug-dependent women. Major effects on the fetus include intrauterine death, overwhelming infection, chorioamnionitis, premature rupture of the membranes, poor fetal growth, and low

M Singer

1992-01-01

171

Generations of Suffering: Drug Use During Pregnancy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Substance abuse during pregnancy represents a major threat to both women and their infants. Medical complications, including anemia, cardiac disease, cellulitis, edema, hepatitis, phlebitis, pneumonia, cystitis, urethritis, and pyelonephritis, are seen in nearly 50 percent of pregnant drug-dependent women. Major effects on the fetus include intrauterine death, overwhelming infection, chorioamnionitis, premature rupture of the membranes, poor fetal growth, and low

M Singer

1992-01-01

172

Caracterisation thermique de modules de refroidissement pour la photovoltaique concentree  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pour rentabiliser la technologie des cellules solaires, une reduction du cout d'exploitation et de fabrication est necessaire. L'utilisation de materiaux photovoltaiques a un impact appreciable sur le prix final par quantite d'energie produite. Une technologie en developpement consiste a concentrer la lumiere sur les cellules solaires afin de reduire cette quantite de materiaux. Or, concentrer la lumiere augmente la temperature de la cellule et diminue ainsi son efficacite. Il faut donc assurer a la cellule un refroidissement efficace. La charge thermique a evacuer de la cellule passe au travers du recepteur, soit la composante soutenant physiquement la cellule. Le recepteur transmet le flux thermique de la cellule a un systeme de refroidissement. L'ensemble recepteur-systeme de refroidissement se nomme module de refroidissement. Habituellement, la surface du recepteur est plus grande que celle de la cellule. La chaleur se propage donc lateralement dans le recepteur au fur et a mesure qu'elle traverse le recepteur. Une telle propagation de la chaleur fournit une plus grande surface effective, reduisant la resistance thermique apparente des interfaces thermiques et du systeme de refroidissement en aval vers le module de refroidissement. Actuellement, aucune installation ni methode ne semble exister afin de caracteriser les performances thermiques des recepteurs. Ce projet traite d'une nouvelle technique de caracterisation pour definir la diffusion thermique du recepteur a l'interieur d'un module de refroidissement. Des indices de performance sont issus de resistances thermiques mesurees experimentalement sur les modules. Une plateforme de caracterisation est realisee afin de mesurer experimentalement les criteres de performance. Cette plateforme injecte un flux thermique controle sur une zone localisee de la surface superieure du recepteur. L'injection de chaleur remplace le flux thermique normalement fourni par la cellule. Un systeme de refroidissement est installe a la surface opposee du recepteur pour evacuer la chaleur injectee. Les resultats mettent egalement en evidence l'importance des interfaces thermiques et les avantages de diffuser la chaleur dans les couches metalliques avant de la conduire au travers des couches dielectriques du recepteur. Des recepteurs de multiples compositions ont ete caracterises, demontrant que les outils developpes peuvent definir la capacite de diffusion thermique. La repetabilite de la plateforme est evaluee par l'analyse de l'etendue des mesures repetees sur des echantillons selectionnes. La plateforme demontre une precision et reproductibilite de +/- 0.14 ° C/W. Ce travail fournit des outils pour la conception des recepteurs en proposant une mesure qui permet de comparer et d'evaluer l'impact thermique de ces recepteurs integres a uri module de refroidissement. Mots-cles : cellule solaire, photovoltaique, transfert de chaleur, concentration, resistances thermiques, plateforme de caracterisation, refroidissement

Collin, Louis-Michel

173

Surgical Site Infection (SSI) After Breast Surgery: Impact of 2010 CDC Reporting Guidelines  

PubMed Central

Introduction Reported surgical site infection (SSI) rates after breast operations range from 0.8–26% in the literature. Aims of the present study were to characterize SSI after breast/axillary operations and determine the impact on the SSI rate of the 2010 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reporting guidelines that now specifically exclude cellulitis. Methods Retrospective chart review identified 368 patients, with 449 operated sides, between 07/2004 and 6/2006. SSI was defined using CDC criteria: purulent drainage (CDC #1), positive aseptically collected culture (CDC #2), signs of inflammation with opening of incision and absence of negative culture (CDC#3), or physician diagnosis of infection (CDC #4). The impact of excluding cellulitis was assessed. Results Using prior CDC reporting guidelines, among 368 patients, 32 (8.7%) experienced SSI in 33/449 (7.3%) operated sides. Of these, 11 (33%) met CDC criteria 1–3, while 22 (67%) met CDC criterion 4. Excluding cellulitis cases per 2010 CDC SSI reporting guidelines eliminates 21 of the 22 infections previously meeting CDC criterion 4. Under the new reporting guidelines, the SSI rate is 12/449 (2.7%) operated sides. SSI rates varied by procedure but these differences were not statistically significant. Conclusions Cellulitis after breast and axillary surgery is much more common than other criteria for SSI, and SSI rates are reduced almost three-fold if cellulitis cases are excluded. Recently revised CDC reporting guidelines may result in underestimates of the clinical burden of SSI after breast/axillary surgery.

Degnim, Amy C.; Throckmorton, Alyssa D.; Boostrom, Sarah Y.; Boughey, Judy C.; Holifield, Andrea; Baddour, Larry M.; Hoskin, Tanya L.

2014-01-01

174

A Classic Clinical Case: Neutrophilic Eccrine Hidradenitis  

PubMed Central

Background Neutrophilic eccrine hidradenitis (NEH) is a rare condition described mostly in adult patients receiving chemotherapy for acute myelogenous leukemia. When it affects the facial region, it can mimic cellulitis and delay the diagnostic, thus proper recognition is essential. Objective This article describes a classic case of NEH. We will review the diagnostic, the differential diagnostic (mostly cellulitis) and the management of this condition. Methods After a literature review, the patient's file was properly studied in order to portray a clear picture of this condition. Medical photographs and appropriate physical examination upon presentation are also included. Results The diagnostic for NEH was suggested by the clinical presentation and confirmed histopathologically (skin biopsy). Conclusion The diagnostic of NEH is essential in order to prevent multiple unnecessary antibiotics.

Copaescu, Ana-Maria; Castilloux, Jean-Francois; Chababi-Atallah, Myrna; Sinave, Christian; Bertrand, Janie

2013-01-01

175

Pressure-distribution measurements on O-2H airplane in flight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results are given of pressure-distribution measurements made over two different horizontal tail surfaces and the right wing cellule, including the slipstream area, of an observation-type biplane. Measurements were also taken of air speed, control-surface positions, control-stick forces, angular velocities, and accelerations during various abrupt maneuvers. These maneuvers consisted of push-downs and pull-ups from level flight, dive pull-outs, and aileron rolls with various thrust conditions. The results from the pressure-distribution measurements over the wing cellule are given on charts showing the variation of individual rib coefficients with wing coefficients; the data from the tail-surface pressure-distribution measurements are given mainly as total loads and moments. These data are supplemented by time histories of the measured quantities and isometric views of the rib pressure distributions occurring in abrupt maneuvers.

Pearson, H A

1937-01-01

176

Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis bacteremia: an emerging infection.  

PubMed

The importance of group C and G Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis) as a significant pathogen has recently been better recognized. S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis disease can range in severity from milder skin and soft-tissue conditions such as wound infection, erysipelas, and cellulitis, to life-threatening necrotizing fasciitis and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, thus sharing the clinical picture with S. pyogenes. The most common clinical manifestation of bacteremia is cellulitis. An increase in the incidence of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis bacteremia has been recognized. Invasive forms of this infection are most commonly found in elderly patients with underlying comorbidities and skin breakdown. The case fatality in bacteremia has been reported to be 15-18 %. In this review, the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and emm types of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis bacteremia are summarized. PMID:24682845

Rantala, S

2014-08-01

177

Hair and scalp disorders in ethnic populations.  

PubMed

Human hair has been classified into 3 major groups, as determined by ethnic origin. In these populations, significant structural and biochemical variations of the hair follicle and shaft are seen, as well as unique hair grooming practices. These structural variations of the hair are closely linked to the common disorders of the hair and scalp, such as acquired trichorrhexis nodosa, seborrheic dermatitis, traction alopecia, central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia, dissecting cellulitis, frontal fibrosing alopecia, and pseudofolliculitis barbae. PMID:23652889

Rodney, Ife J; Onwudiwe, Oge C; Callender, Valerie D; Halder, Rebat M

2013-04-01

178

Intestinal zygomycosis due to Absidia corymbifera mimicking necrotizing enterocolitis in a preterm neonate.  

PubMed

Zygomycosis is a rare fungal disease that occurs in compromised human hosts, including the preterm infant. The three clinical forms of zygomycosis are cellulitis, disseminated, and gastrointestinal, and the last often mimics necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), complicating the diagnosis. This report details a case of primary gastrointestinal zygomycosis due to Absidia corymbifera, mimicking NEC, in a preterm infant, and emphasizes features that may lead to earlier diagnosis and treatment of future cases. PMID:15558003

Diven, Steven C; Angel, Carlos A; Hawkins, Hal K; Rowen, Judith L; Shattuck, Karen E

2004-12-01

179

Severe skin and soft tissue infections and associated critical illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) span a broad spectrum of clinical entities from limited cellulitis to rapidly progressive\\u000a necrotizing fasciitis, which may be associated with septic shock or a toxic shock-like syndrome. These infections may manifest\\u000a initially as pyodermas that then progress; alternatively, they may arise from metastatic spread of microorganisms from a distant\\u000a focus. Regardless of the source,

Donald C. Vinh; John M. Embil

2006-01-01

180

Disseminated viridians streptococcus (Streptococcus mitis) infection presenting with toxic shock-like syndrome.  

PubMed

The authors report a case of a 35-year-old man with no known underlying disease who presented with fever, cellulitis with hemorrhagic blebs on the left leg, monoarthricular left knee arthritis, multiple organ failure and septic shock. His clinical syndrome was compatible with toxic shock syndrome and his blood grew alpha hemolytic (viridians) Streptococcus mitis. To our knowledge, there are few reported cases of toxic shock syndrome cause by Streptococcus mitis in immune-competent adults. PMID:23682535

Intalapaporn, Poj; Wongcharoen, Sunee; Chinapha, Anongnart; Jariyasethpong, Tavatchai

2013-03-01

181

Posttonsillectomy pain in children.  

PubMed

Tonsillectomy, used to treat a variety of pediatric disorders, including obstructive sleep apnea, peritonsillar cellulitis or abscesses, and very frequent throat infection, is known to produce nausea, vomiting, and prolonged, moderate-to-severe pain. The authors review the causes of posttonsillectomy pain, current findings on the efficacy of various pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic interventions in pain management, recommendations for patient and family teaching regarding pain management, and best practices for improving medication adherence. PMID:24445532

Sutters, Kimberly A; Isaacson, Glenn

2014-02-01

182

Comparison of two regimens of oral clindamycin versus dicloxacillin in the treatment of mild-to-moderate skin and soft-tissue infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

This prospective, double-masked, randomized study was performed in 14 centers throughout Asia (The Philippines and Thailand), Latin America (Mexico, Peru, Chile, and Venezuela), and Europe (Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic). Outpatients with acute mild-to-moderate skin and soft-tissue infections (cellulitis, impetigo, folliculitis, furunculosis and carbuncles without surgical incision, and skin wound infections from trauma) were randomly assigned to one of

Maria Blaszczyk-Kostanecka; Attila Dobozy; Luciano Dominguez-Soto; Robinson Guerrero; Janos Hunyadi; Julio Lopera; Ciro Maguiña; Adrian C. Peña; Mercedes Prieto; Remedios Fabra-Coronel; Amado Saul; Apichati Sivayathorn; Melecia Velmonte; Frantisek Vosmik

1998-01-01

183

Combined endovascular treatment of aorto-oesophageal fistula with mediastinitis  

PubMed Central

False aortic aneurysm is an uncommon complication after oesophageal perforation and results in a high rate of mortality. A 63-year-old patient presented with acute chest pain. Biochemical tests (cardiac enzymes) and electrocardiogram were normal. A thoracic and abdominal CT scan was performed, and showed a foreign body in the posterior mediastinum, with mediastinal cellulitis and a false aortic aneurysm. Surgical endovascular management was performed, with stenting of the thoracic aorta and oesophageal exploration.

Berna, Pascal; Pequignot, Aurelien; De Temmerman, Pierre; De Dominicis, Florence

2013-01-01

184

Myroides odoratimimus soft tissue infection in an immunocompetent child following a pig bite: case report and literature review.  

PubMed

Members of the genus Myroides are aerobic Gram-negative bacteria that are common in environmental sources, but are not components of the normal human microflora. Myroides organisms behave as low-grade opportunistic pathogens, causing infections in severely immunocompromised patients and rarely, in immunocompetent hosts. A case of Myroides odoratimimus cellulitis following a pig bite in an immunocompetent child is presented, and the medical literature on Myroides spp. soft tissue infections is reviewed. PMID:22846131

Maraki, Sofia; Sarchianaki, Emmanouela; Barbagadakis, Sophia

2012-01-01

185

Pharmacokinetics of Ampicillin and Sulbactam in Pediatric Patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intravenous ampicillin-sulbactam is effective in the treatment of various infections in adults, but little is known about the pharmacokinetics (PK) of ampicillin-sulbactam in children. The objective of this study was to determine the PK of ampicillin and sulbactam in pediatric patients with intra-abdominal infection, skin and\\/ or skin structure infection, or periorbital-preseptal and facial cellulitis. Intravenous ampicillin and sulbactam (2:1),

MILAP C. NAHATA; VIJAY I. VASHI; ROBERT N. SWANSON; MICHAEL A. MESSIG; MENGER CHUNG

1999-01-01

186

Transfer of bilirubin through the liver of Gunn rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

L'absence d'un Tm lors de perfusion en quantité croissante de bilirubine non conjuguée chez le rat Gunn, ainsi que la diminution de la concentration biliaire de la bilirubine totale lors d'infusion simultanée de bilirubine non conjuguée et de Novobiocine, suggèrent la possibilité d'un transfert passif de la bilirubine non conjuguée du sang dans la bile, à travers la cellule hépatique.

L. Okólicsányi; P. Magnenat

1970-01-01

187

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia due to auto anti-N in a patient with sepsis.  

PubMed

We describe a case of autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) due to anti-N in a young male patient with cellulitis. There have been several reports of anti-N in N positive individuals. But in all these reports, auto anti-N was mostly associated with underlying immunological conditions. We report here a case of auto anti-N in a patient of bacterial sepsis without any underlying immune disorder. PMID:22985536

Singh, Lakhvinder; Malhotra, Sheetal; Kaur, Gagandeep; Basu, Sabita; Kaur, Ravneet

2012-12-01

188

Resolution of diplopia after 33 years.  

PubMed

A 54-year-old male sustained a fractured right orbital floor 33 years ago, which was treated with a silastic implant. His diplopia never resolved, and he presented to us with an acute orbital cellulitis. Computerized tomography showed a displaced inferior rectus and entrapment of both inferior and medial recti. The implant was removed surgically via a Caldwell-Luc approach and his diplopia completely resolved after 33 years. PMID:24964460

Hammond, D; Grew, N; Bruzual, L

2013-01-01

189

Comprendre le dialogue: l’interaction entre les micro-organismes et l’hôte  

Microsoft Academic Search

RésuméLe tube digestif des mammifères est beaucoup plus complexe qu’on ne le pensait précédemment. Une couche unique de cellules épithéliales recouvre la totalité des voies digestives, représentant ainsi l’interface la plus étendue avec l’environnement. L’épithélium digestif est un capteur de l’environnement intraluminal et contrôle non seulement les fonctions digestives, absorptives et sécrétoires, mais de plus transmet des informations aux systèmes

Alessio Fasano

2009-01-01

190

CTLA-4 et Toll-like récepteurs: de nouvelles cibles en immunothérapie  

Microsoft Academic Search

Plusieurs données cliniques suggèrent que la modulation des réponses immunitaires peut être une stratégie anti-tumorale efficace.\\u000a Ládministration de BCG est reconnue comme un traitement efficace des cancers superficiels de la vessie. Par analogie avec\\u000a les vaccinations contre certains pathogènes intracellulaires, des protocoles de vaccination ont utilisé le BCG comme adjuvant\\u000a et permis ?obtention de résultats cliniques intéressants. ?allogreffe de cellules

R. Bedel; C. Borg; P. Saas

191

L'andropause  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resume  Au cours du vieillissement, une altération de l'axe hypothalamo-hypophysotesticulaire a été identifiée. Une diminution très\\u000a progressive de la testostérone plasmatique a été mise en évidence, indépendamment de phénomènes pathologiques. Elle est due\\u000a à une altération testiculaire périphérique, comme le montrent la diminution de la réponse à l'hCG, l'augmentation de la LH,\\u000a et la diminution du nombre de cellules de Leydig.

H. Lejeune

1997-01-01

192

Composition lipidique des spermatozoides humains et susceptibilité au stress oxydant avant et après migration dans le mucus cervical  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resume  L’intérêt porté aux effets physiopathologiques des dérivés actifs de l’oxygène (DAO) dans la fertilité masculine est de plus\\u000a en plus important. Le spermatozoïde humain est une cellule très vulnérable au stress oxydant compte tenu de sa richesse en\\u000a acides gras polyinsaturés. L’importance des dommages oxydatifs dans les spermatozoïdes dépend surtout de la capacité des fluides\\u000a environnants à arrêter la chaîne

Nozha Chakroun Feki; Patrice Therond; Pierre Jouannet; Jacques Auger

2003-01-01

193

Primary Cutaneous Cryptococcosis and Secondary Antigenemia in a Patient with Long-Term Corticosteroid Therapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Abstract\\u000a   We report a case of a 71-year-old male who developed severe cellulitis of his right forearm and hand after he had an accidental injury from the sharp edge of a metal plate of a birdhouse. The patient suffers from chronic asthma and has been treated with systemic corticosteroids for years. Culture of aspirates from two sites of the wound

C. Hafner; H.-J. Linde; T. Vogt; G. Breindl; K. Tintelnot; K. Koellner; M. Landthaler; R.-M. Szeimies

2005-01-01

194

PIC QUESTION OF THE WEEK: 02\\/07\\/05  

Microsoft Academic Search

Q: A 70-year-old female presented to the E.R. with cellulitis of the right foot and was subsequently placed on cefoxitin. Maintenance medications included: atenolol, levothyroxine, pantoprazole, gemfibrozil, valsartan, and pravastatin. Routine laboratory tests drawn three days after initiation of cefoxitin revealed a serum creatinine (SCr) concentration of 13.7 mg\\/dL (0.8 mg\\/dL prior to admission). The patient's other laboratory values were

Michelle L Rosko; Tracy L. Zilka

2005-01-01

195

Orbital inflammation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Orbital inflammation is a common problem in adults and children, accounting for the majority of all orbital processes. The\\u000a presentation may be acute, subacute, or insidious. When the onset is acute, the process can be mistaken for orbital cellulitis.\\u000a In insidious cases, such as the sclerosing subtype of inflammation, the chronic painless course may prompt concerns about\\u000a a neoplastic infiltration

Kimberly P. Cockerham; Sang H. Hong; Ellen E. Browne

2003-01-01

196

Reaction or infection: topical chloramphenicol treatment  

PubMed Central

Chloramphenicol is a topical treatment that is used widely, especially in wounds around the eyes. In our practice there have been a number of cases of delayed hypersensitivity to chloramphenicol that has been mismanaged initially as an infective cellulitis. We hope to share some of our experience of this uncommon reaction to highlight the delayed reaction that can occur with topical application of this drug.

Livingston, RJ; Belt, P

2013-01-01

197

Reaction or infection: topical chloramphenicol treatment.  

PubMed

Chloramphenicol is a topical treatment that is used widely, especially in wounds around the eyes. In our practice there have been a number of cases of delayed hypersensitivity to chloramphenicol that has been mismanaged initially as an infective cellulitis. We hope to share some of our experience of this uncommon reaction to highlight the delayed reaction that can occur with topical application of this drug. PMID:23317719

Livingston, R J; Butterworth, J W; Belt, P

2013-01-01

198

"Dry tap" during spinal anaesthesia turns out to be epidural abscess  

PubMed Central

We report a case of “dry tap” during spinal anaesthesia in a patient posted for incision and drainage of lower limb with cellulitis. When the patient was being given sub-arachnoid block (SAB) for regional anaesthesia, it turned out to be a case of pyogenic ilio-psoas abscess extended up to the paravertebral and epidural spaces. The causative organism was Staphylococcus aureus. This is probably the first case reported when epidural abscess is diagnosed during SAB.

Sahu, Dinesh Kumar; Kaul, Vinca; Parampill, Reena

2012-01-01

199

Wegener's granulomatosis in a 16-year-old girl  

Microsoft Academic Search

A 16-year-old African-American girl presented to our institution with a 6-week history of swollen ankles and 5-week history of conjunctival injection. She had previously been treated with antibiotics for suspected lower extremity cellulitis. Bilateral ankle swelling with erythema and episcleritis were remarkable clinical findings. Laboratory investigations showed: normal CBC and differential, ESR 68 mm\\/hr, serum BUN 15 mg\\/dL, and serum

N. Mathur; M. Castro; C. Bowser; H. J. Moallem

2004-01-01

200

Is Leclercia adecarboxylata a New and Unfamiliar Marine Pathogen?  

PubMed

Leclercia adecarboxylata infection is rarely reported in the context of human infections. In the scant cases reported in the literature, it usually involves individuals who are immunocompromised with infections of a polymicrobial nature. Recently, data have begun to accumulate suggesting that L. adecarboxylata is a pathogen associated with water environments. We review the literature regarding L. adecarboxylata infections and present a case of cellulitis and soft-tissue infection in the foot of a healthy surfer. PMID:24523466

Keren, Yaniv; Keshet, Doron; Eidelman, Mark; Geffen, Yuval; Raz-Pasteur, Ayelet; Hussein, Khetam

2014-05-01

201

Présentation d’une technique 3D d’accélération de la recherche de rayons application aux télécommunications microcellulaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  Le développement des télécommunications avec les mobiles requiert l’implantation de nombreuses stations de base (BTS) afin\\u000a de couvrir les multiples cellules constituant un réseau. Les fréquences porteuses utilisées dans les réseaux actuels (GSM,\\u000a DCS), se situent dans la gamme des hyperfréquences. Afin d’optimiser le déploiement d’un ensemble de BTS, les opérateurs souhaitent\\u000a disposer d’outils informatiques rapides et performants permettant de

Mustapha Agunaou; Michel Stanislawiak; Phillipe Mariage; Pierre Degauque

1999-01-01

202

Orbital Inflammation Developing from Epidemic Keratoconjunctivitis in an Adult  

PubMed Central

Introduction We report a rare case of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis (EKC) that developed into an orbital inflammation in an adult. Case Presentation A 67-year-old Korean man, who had been diagnosed with EKC and treated for conjunctival injection and chemosis in the right eye for 4 days, was referred to Oculoplastics as orbital cellulitis was suspected. At the point of referral, clinical features such as decreased visual acuity, severe eyelid swelling, chemosis, follicles, corneal edema, limitations in lateral eye movement, and diplopia were observed in the right eye. Orbital cellulitis was suspected according to orbital computed tomography scan images, but there was no response to systemic antibiotics. Systemic steroid was administered instead, and then his symptoms and signs started to improve. The final diagnosis of this patient was orbital inflammation related to EKC based on the facts that there was no response to antibiotics, that he presented with contralateral symptoms and signs, that pseudomembrane formation occurred in both eyes, and that the symptoms resolved completely after 2 weeks. Conclusion Clinicians need to consider the possibility of orbital inflammation developing from EKC, even in an adult patient, and treat the patient properly if the EKC symptoms and signs, such as conjunctival injection and follicles, are accompanied with symptoms and signs similar to orbital cellulitis.

Kim, Sung In; Lee, Kyeong Wook

2013-01-01

203

Dexamethasone immunosuppression resulting in turkey clostridial dermatitis: a retrospective analysis of seven studies, 1998-2009.  

PubMed

We have studied the etiology of turkey osteomyelitis complex (TOC) for the past 20 yr and have determined that this syndrome is caused by the inability of some fast-growing male turkeys to cope with production stressors. Although immunosuppressive viruses have often been associated with susceptibility to gangrenous dermatitis (cellulitis), we hypothesize that production stressors alone can also undermine resistance to opportunistic pathogens by both increasing bacterial translocation from the intestine and disrupting the skin's antimicrobial barrier, resulting in subcutaneous lesions referred to as cellulitis and recently named turkey clostridial dermatitis (CD). Some common characteristics between TOC and CD are that they are both caused by opportunistic bacterial species that are prevalent in the environment and are both most common in adolescent male birds. In both diseases the affected birds are often large, healthy, and from the best-performing flocks. Our TOC studies using dexamethasone immunosuppression result in a high incidence of cellulitis lesions in dead turkeys that were given either Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus aureus respiratory challenges. The natural presence of Clostridium spp. in the poultry intestine and environment suggests that they may also have been concomitant pathogens. We suggest that a useful and repeatable model for CD can be developed by focusing on the ability of stress to increase diuresis and wet litter conditions and undermine both intestinal and cutaneous bacterial resistance in fast-growing male turkeys. PMID:24597114

Huff, G R; Huff, W E; Rath, N C

2013-12-01

204

Use of electronic health record data to identify skin and soft tissue infections in primary care settings: a validation study  

PubMed Central

Background Epidemiologic studies of skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) depend upon accurate case identification. Our objective was to evaluate the positive predictive value (PPV) of electronic medical record data for identification of SSTIs in a primary care setting. Methods A validation study was conducted among primary care outpatients in an academic healthcare system. Encounters during four non-consecutive months in 2010 were included if any of the following were present in the electronic health record: International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) code for an SSTI, Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code for incision and drainage, or a positive wound culture. Detailed chart review was performed to establish presence and type of SSTI. PPVs and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated among all encounters, initial encounters, and cellulitis/abscess cases. Results Of the 731 encounters included, 514 (70.3%) were initial encounters and 448 (61.3%) were cellulitis/abscess cases. When the presence of an ICD-9 code, CPT code, or positive culture was used to identify SSTIs, 617 encounters were true positives, yielding a PPV of 84.4% [95% CI: 81.8–87.0%]. The PPV for using ICD-9 codes alone to identify SSTIs was 90.7% [95 % CI: 88.5–92.9%]. For encounters with cellulitis/abscess codes, the PPV was 91.5% [95% CI: 88.9–94.1%]. Conclusions ICD-9 codes may be used to retrospectively identify SSTIs with a high PPV. Broadening SSTI case identification with microbiology data and CPT codes attenuates the PPV. Further work is needed to estimate the sensitivity of this method.

2013-01-01

205

Le schwannome malin du nerf grand sciatique chez l'enfant  

PubMed Central

Le schwannome malin est une tumeur très rare chez l'enfant (1 à 2% des tumeurs des tissus mous), elle se développe au dépend des cellules de schwanne. Dans ce travail, les auteurs rapportent un cas de schwannome malin développé au dépend du nerf grand sciatique. La radiographie de la cuisse de face et de profil était normale. L'imagerie par résonance magnétique a identifié une lésion le long du trajet du nerf grand sciatique. La tumeur a été réséquée en totalité emportant le nerf grand sciatique. L'examen anatomo-pathologique a confirmé le diagnostic.

Lechqar, Maryem; Elbiache, Imad; Atarraf, Karima; Bouabdellah, Youssef; Afifi, My Abderahman

2012-01-01

206

Laser picoseconde à cavité géante  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nous présentons l'étude d'un laser Nd :YVO{4} pompé par diode à modes synchronisés passivement fonctionnant à la cadence de 1,2 MHz. Pour atteindre ce taux de répétition extrêmement bas (le plus bas reporté à ce jour pour ce type de laser), nous avons réalisé une cavité de plus de 120 m en utilisant une cellule multipassage repliée. Des impulsions de 16.3 ps et une puissance moyenne de 470 mW ont été obtenues à 1064 nm.

Papadopoulos, D.; Forget, S.; Delaigue, M.; Balembois, F.; Georges, P.

2004-11-01

207

Improved early diagnosis of acute inflammatory skeletal-articular diseases in children: A two-radiopharmaceutical approach  

SciTech Connect

The febrile child with a painful bone or joint still presents a difficult pediatric diagnostic problem. Acute hematogenous osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and cellulitis are the most common causes of this symptom. Thirty-seven patients with these disorders were studied. Because findings from technetium-99m phosphate bone scans and roentgenograms are often normal in patients in the early stages of acute hematogenous osteomyelitis, children suspected of having this disorder were tested using gallium-67 citrate scans in addition to the other diagnostic procedures. The increased diagnostic accuracy of this approach over that of bone scan and roentgenogram studies alone was observed in the children with fever and bone or joint pain.

Handmaker, H.; Giammona, S.T.

1984-05-01

208

Retroperitoneal fibrosis: some new acquisitions about pathogenesis and diagnostics.  

PubMed

Some newly proposed pathogenetic theories for retroperitoneal fibrosis refer to immune-related mechanisms; they are reviewed and discussed. In the field of imaging techniques, some MR paramagnetic contrast media, such as "ferrite" compounds and Gd-DTPA, and 67Ga-scintiscan, 111In-labelled leukocytes scan, 99mTc-labelled colloids contribute to answering the request to differentiate the still active cellulitis from an established fibrosis. 131I-MIGB scan identifies the carcinoid-related retroperitoneal fibrosis. PMID:1830414

Alberti, C; Sacchini, P; Cortellini, P; Rossi, A

1991-03-01

209

Parenteral organophosphorus poisoning in a rural emergency department: a case report  

PubMed Central

Background Poisoning is a common presentation in the emergency department. Oral exposures to organophosphorus compounds are especially frequent in rural and agricultural regions of South Asia and throughout the developing world. Case presentation Here we report a case of deliberate self-harm with an organophosphorus pesticide via the relatively uncommon parenteral route. A young woman injected herself with chlorpyriphos. Although the cholinergic effects were mild, cellulitis and abscess development were noted as a result. Conclusion Resource limited agricultural countries like Nepal present health care workers with numerous challenges in poisoning management. This case represents a rare but potentially morbid method of agrochemical poison exposure.

2013-01-01

210

Necrotizing Fasciitis of the Nose Complicated with Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis  

PubMed Central

Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly progressive life threatening bacterial infection of the skin, the subcutaneous tissue, and the fascia. We present a case of necrotizing fasciitis involving the nose complicated by cavernous sinus thrombosis. Few cases of septic cavernous sinus thrombosis have been reported to be caused by cellulitis of the face but necrotizing fasciitis of the nose is rare. It is very important to recognize the early signs of cavernous thrombosis. Treatment for septic cavernous sinus thrombosis is controversial but early use of empirical antibiotics is imperative.

Swaminath, D.; Narayanan, R.; Orellana-Barrios, M. A.; Temple, B.

2014-01-01

211

BET 1: Bedside ultrasound for the diagnosis of necrotising fasciitis.  

PubMed

A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether bedside ultrasound was accurate at diagnosing necrotising fasciitis in patients with limb infections. A total of 187 papers were found using the reported searches, of which one presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of this paper is tabulated. It is concluded that there is limited evidence supporting the use of bedside ultrasound as an adjunct diagnostic tool in differentiating cellulitis from necrotising fasciitis in patients with a limb infection. PMID:25022918

2014-08-01

212

Massive localized lymphedema: A soft tissue process that may present to dermatologists.  

PubMed

Massive localized lymphedema (MLL) is a clinically and histologically distinct entity seen in morbidly obese patients. We describe two obese patients with MLL in the lower abdomen and suprapubic area. Biopsies showed characteristic histologic features of an expanded dermis with lymphangiectases, fibrotic septae and focal fat necrosis. One patient had long-standing hypothyroidism, an association previously reported. This disease is frequently complicated by recurrent cellulitis and may be amenable to surgery. Patients with MLL may present to dermatologists, and this disease has characteristic histopathologic findings that may mimic liposarcoma to the unaware dermatopathologist. PMID:20514680

Wang, Nadia S; Walters, Ruth F; Warren, Simon J

2010-06-01

213

Bilateral parotid enlargement following snake bite: A rare sign  

PubMed Central

Snakebite is a common medical emergency in India. Unusual complications may occur after viper bite. Bilateral parotid enlargement after viper bite is a rare entity. An 18-year old gentleman presented to our hospital with history of viper bite. On examination he had cellulitis of right lower limb. He developed swelling of both the parotid glands 12 h after admission. He developed coagulopathy, acute renal failure and died within 48 h of hospital admission. Development of parotid swelling after snake bite is associated with poor prognosis. This case is found worth reporting as it is an unusual complication having prognostic value.

Deepak, Madi; Basavaprabhu, Achappa; Ramapuram, John T; Nithyananda, Chowta; Mahalingam, Soundarya

2013-01-01

214

Annual progress report, July 1, 1983-June 30, 1984  

SciTech Connect

Research in the Laboratory of Biomolecular and Celluler Sciences deals with proliferation, gene expression and differentiation in normal cells and in cells exposed to pollutants, carcinogens or tumor promoters. The research program of the Laboratory of Environmental Biology presents an integrated approach to studies of the functional interactions of the physical and biotic components of arid land ecosystems. Nuclear Medicine research has focussed on development of positron emission tomography, preparation of short-lived isotopes of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon and fluorine, use of these isotopes to label physiological substrates, tracer studies of cerebral biochemistry and physiology, measurement of regional myocardial fatty acid metabolism and blood flow. (AER)

Not Available

1984-01-01

215

Case series on tropical diabetic hand syndrome.  

PubMed

Tropical diabetic hand syndrome is a term used to describe diabetes complication of the hand affecting people in the tropics. It consists of localized cellulitis with variable swelling and ulceration of the hands, progressive, fulminant hand sepsis and gangrene in extreme cases. This syndrome is not well-recognized and is therefore less frequently reported. The authors describe three different female patients who were known diabetics of varying duration presenting with this syndrome at our tertiary health center and who were successfully managed by both the surgical and medical units. The need for early diagnosis and aggressive management is emphasized. PMID:24909485

Ezeani, I U; Edo, A E

2014-01-01

216

Successful treatment of a chronic facial abscess using a prolonged release antibiotic copolymer in a golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia).  

PubMed

A 3-yr-old, female captive golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia) developed an abscess initially within the oral cavity that progressed to the cheek. Treatment with amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, enrofloxacin, and sulfamethoxizole/trimethoprim resulted in temporary resolution of the abscess. Cultures from the abscess included Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae, hemolytic Staphylococcus, and Serratia marcescens. Histopathology was consistent with chronic cellulitis. Ceftazidime mixed with a thermoreversable polymer gel was surgically placed in the wound to provide long-term local antibiotic therapy. This provided complete resolution of infection without the need for additional surgical procedures. PMID:20597224

McBride, Michael; Cullion, Cheryl

2010-06-01

217

Note sur la mesure très précise des temps  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  Deux procédés ont été étudiés pour la mesure précise de la période d’oscillation d’un pendule. Le premier utilise un oscillographe\\u000a cathodique à balayage linéaire contrôlé par une fréquence étalon de 1.000 périodes par seconde. A chaque oscillation le pendule\\u000a envoie par l’intermédiaire d’une cellule photo-électrique un top très bref à l’oscillographe et ce top se traduit sur ce dernier\\u000a par

F. Delhomme

1949-01-01

218

The man who got too close to his cows.  

PubMed

Trichophyton verrucosum is one of the more common chronic zoophilic dermatophytes. Its presentation is diverse, including aggressive inflammatory skin lesions, and it can be accompanied by constitutional symptoms, such as fever and lymphadenopathy. As such, it may be misdiagnosed as bacterial cellulitis and undergo multiple antibiotic courses unsuccessfully, without consideration of a fungal skin infection. We present a cattle farmer presenting with an extensive erythematous plaque that failed to respond to antibacterial treatment. History revealed that his cows were being treated for "ringworm". His diagnosis was confirmed by skin biopsy demonstrating fungal elements and culture yielding T. verrucosum. The farmer was successfully treated with itraconazole. PMID:18248932

Silver, Shane; Vinh, Donald C; Embil, John M

2008-04-01

219

Necrotizing Fasciitis - Report of ten cases and review of recent literature  

PubMed Central

Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon disease that results in gross morbidity and mortality if not diagnosed and treated in its early stages. At onset, however, it is difficult to differentiate from other superficial skin conditions such as cellulitis. Family physicians must have a high level of suspicion and low threshold for surgical referral when confronted with cases of pain, fever, and erythema. We present ten cases of necrotizing fasciitis managed in a provincial secondary hospital in Oman over 3 years ago. A review of recent literature is also presented.

Al Shukry, S; Ommen, J

2013-01-01

220

[Persistent swelling after flushing of an abscess with Octenisept®].  

PubMed

We report the case of a long-lasting cutaneous side effect after inappropriate use of Octenisept® solution (containing octenidine and phenoxyethanol). Following lavage of an abscess in the inguinal region, a painful erythematous induration mimicking cellulitis persisted for several months. Manual lymphatic drainage considerably improved the symptoms. Octenisept® shows considerable tissue toxicity in vivo including - but not restricted to - blood vessel damage. Deterioration of endothelial cells followed by oedema and continued tissue damage can be seen histologically. Despite the fact that there is a circular letter issued by the manufacturer as well as a boxed warning on the bottles, the awareness to avoid this misuse of Octenisept® is still lacking. PMID:22101779

Bauer, B; Majic, M; Rauthe, S; Bröcker, E-B; Kerstan, A

2012-12-01

221

"The Clock Is Ticking": The Timely Management of a Painful Skin Rash in a Seventy-Year-Old Woman  

PubMed Central

Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon but a potentially fatal condition and can affect any part of the body. Most patients have pre-existing conditions that render them susceptible to infection, although etiology is unclear. Diagnosis is primarily clinical and is often delayed because of the unfamiliarity of the condition among clinicians. Management consists of immediate resuscitation, early surgical debridement, and administration of broad spectrum intravenous antibiotics. We report a case of a 70 year old woman who presented with a painful erythematous rash, was admitted as a case of cellulitis, later developed worsening of symptoms and septic shock, and was diagnosed as necrotizing fasciitis.

Patel, Vijaykumar G.; Nichols, Michelle L.

2014-01-01

222

Rare diagnosis of nodular lymphangitis caused by Mycobacterium marinum: MDCT imaging findings.  

PubMed

Mycobacterium marinum is an atypical mycobacterium that usually causes a solitary nodule on the hand ("fish tank granuloma") or less commonly, secondary erythematous channels and nodules spread along lymphatic drainage of the extremity, mimicking sporothricoid skin lesions of nodular lymphangitis. This report presents a case of this rare entity, a nodular lymphangitis caused by Mycobacterium marinum. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) imaging was very useful in determining the morphology (cellulitis with a few small subcutaneous nodules and channels) and the extension of the lesion. PMID:24778804

Tomas, Xavier; Pedrosa, Margarita; Soriano, Alex; Zboromyrska, Yuliya; Tudo, Griselda; Garcia, Sebastian; Pomes, Jaime

2014-02-01

223

Ultrasonography and computed tomography of inflammatory abdominal wall lesions  

SciTech Connect

Twenty-four patients with inflammatory lesions of the abdominal wall were examined by ultrasonography. Nine of these patients underwent computed tomographic (CT) scanning as well. Both ultrasonography and CT clearly delineated the exact location and extent of abdominal wall abscesses. Abscesses were easily differentiated from cellulitis or phlegmon with ultrasound. The peritoneal line was more clearly delineated on ultrasonograms than on CT scans; abscesses were also more distinct on the ultrasonograms because of their low echogenicity compared with the surrounding structures. Gas bubbles, fat density with specific low attenuation values, and underlying inflamed bowel loops in obese patients with Crohn's disease were better delineated by CT.

Yeh, H.C.; Rabinowitz, J.G.

1982-09-01

224

Cost Reduction after Introduction of a Multidisciplinary Infectious Disease Service at a German University Hospital  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  \\u000a \\u000a Background: In 1997 an infectious disease service (IDS) similar to those in the US was established at a university hospital in Munich,\\u000a Germany.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Patients and Methods: We assessed the economic impact of the new policy by performing a cost comparison analysis. Inpatients with pneumonia, skin\\u000a infections\\/cellulitis, urinary tract infections (UTI) and bacteremia\\/sepsis were assigned to two groups: patients from

S. Wolf; L. Leitritz; C. Rupp; D. Schlöndorff; J. R. Bogner

2000-01-01

225

Safety and tolerability of denosumab for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis  

PubMed Central

Denosumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody to receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL), a cytokine member of the tumor necrosis factor family that is the principal regulator of osteoclastic bone resorption. Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) is a systemic skeletal disease associated with high levels of RANKL, resulting in a high rate of bone remodeling and an imbalance of bone resorption over bone formation. By inhibiting RANKL in women with PMO, denosumab reduces the rate of bone remodeling, thereby increasing bone mineral density, improving bone strength, and reducing the risk of fractures. In clinical trials of women with osteoporosis and low bone mineral density, denosumab has been well tolerated, with overall rates of adverse events and serious adverse events in women treated with denosumab similar to those receiving placebo. In the largest clinical trial of denosumab for the treatment of women with PMO, there was a significantly greater incidence of cellulitis reported as a serious adverse event, with no difference in the overall incidence of cellulitis, and a significantly lower incidence of the serious adverse event of concussions with denosumab compared with placebo. The evidence supports a favorable balance of benefits versus risks of denosumab for the treatment of PMO. Assessments of the long-term safety of denosumab are ongoing. Denosumab 60 mg subcutaneously every 6 months is an approved treatment for women with PMO who are at high risk for fracture.

Lewiecki, E Michael

2011-01-01

226

Importance des communications intercellulaires en radiopathologie expérimentale : le syndrôme inflammatoire radioinduit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The monolithic image of radiation pathology, the physiopathological mechanisms of which are limited to the conventional concept of specific “target cell" with mitotic and apoptotic cell death, is changing owing to our increasing knowledge about intercellular communications. The cellular radiationbiology is currently enriched by the “humoral" radiationbiology with its concept of “target network" including cells and intercellular messengers. The radiation-induced disorders observed in these networks take shape in the inflammatory reaction, which is largely involved, in the physiopathological development of the acute radiation syndrome. These concepts of a perpetual cascade of cytokines, leading to radiation-induced late effects with no biological latent period, are especially illustrated by the radiation-induced pneumonitis and pulmonary fibrosis. L'image monolithique de la radiopathologie dont les mécanismes physiopathologiques sont réduits aux concepts classiques de “cellule cible" spécifique avec mort cellulaire mitotique et apoptotique, se modifie grâce à l'accroissement de nos connaissances sur les communications intercellulaires. La radiobiologie cellulaire s'enrichit aujourd'hui de la radiobiologie “humorale" avec son concept de “réseau cible" tant au niveau des cellules que des messagers intercellulaires. Les désordres radio-induits observés au niveau de ces réseaux se concrétisent dans la réaction inflammatoire qui est fortement impliquée dans l'évolution physiopathologique du syndrome aigu d'irradiation. Ces concepts d'une cascade perpétuelle de cytokines, sans période de latence biologique et qui amènent aux effets tardifs radio-induits, sont particulièrement illustrés dans la pneumonie et la fibrose pulmonaire radio-induites.

Agay, D.; Clarencon, D.; Multon, E.; Mestries, J.-C.; van der Meeren, A.; Mouthon, M.-A.; Gourmelon, P.

1998-04-01

227

Evaluation of extremity pain in children using technetium-99m MDP bone scan: A general hospital experience  

SciTech Connect

This study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of three-phase bone scan in detection of significant pathology i.e., osteomyelitis (OM), septic joint, cellulitis, etc., in children with symptoms of extremity pain. A total of 100 consecutive patients (age 9 days - 16 yrs, 63 boys and 37 girls) were studied. The authors reviewed their scans, x-rays and hospital records. The final diagnoses were based on the findings of needle aspiration, surgical drainage, biopsy, culture, and on the therapeutic response. In 87%, sufficiently long clinical follow-up was available to confirm the final diagnoses. In the remaining 13%, the symptoms resolved quickly and follow-up was not felt necessary. The scan was essential in pinpointing the lesions in pts with referred or nonlocalizing extremity pain. The +ve and -ve predictive values of the scan and OM were 89% and 96% respectively. One spiral fracture was misinterpreted as diffuse OM. One ''Subacute epiphyseal OM'' was not detected. In two cases, cellulitis and septic joint obscured underlying OM. Prior antibotic therapy resulted in one equivocal scan. Although less sensitive (29%) in early OM, radiographs play an important complimentary role. Bone scans detected underlying pathology for extremity pain in 61% of all pts studied.

Park, H.M.; Rothschild, P.A.; Kernek, C.B.

1984-01-01

228

Tumeur brune du maxillaire r?v?latrice d'hyperparathyroidie primaire: ? propos d'un cas et revue de la litt?rature  

PubMed Central

Les tumeurs brunes sont des lésions ostéolytiques rarement révélatrices des hyperparathyroïdies. Elles surviennent habituellement au stade terminal de l'hyperparathyroïdie primaire ou secondaire. Durant les 3 dernières décennies, le diagnostic des hyperparathyroïdies est le plus souvent fait à la phase asymptomatique grâce aux dosages systématiques du calcium et l'avènement des nouvelles techniques, de dosage de la parathormone. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une patiente avec hyperparathyroïdie primaire révélée par une tumeur du maxillaire, dont la TDM avait mis en évidence un processus ostéolytique agressif. L'intervention chirurgicale a consisté en une maxillectomie droite avec reconstruction. Le résultat anatomo-pathologique a conclu en une tumeur à cellule géantes bénigne du maxillaire. Le diagnostic de tumeur brune a été évoqué et confirmé après la réalisation d'un bilan phosphocalcique qui a mis en évidence une hypercalcémie, avec une hypophosphorémie. La recherche étiologique a objectivé à la TDM cervicale un processus en situation rétro et infra thyroïdienne droite en faveur d'un adénome parathyroïdien. Le dosage de la parathormone: 322 pmol/L a confirmé le diagnostic. Nous rappelons à travers cette observation la difficulté d’établir un diagnostic correct chez les patients avec un processus ostéolytique du maxillaire et la nécessité de rechercher une hyperparathyroïdie devant une lésion à cellules géantes vue le caractère insidieux de cette endocrinopathie.

Malika, Fassih; Taali, Loubna; Akssim, Mohamed; Reda, Abada; Rouadi, Sami; Mahtar, Mohamed; Roubal, Mohamed; Essaadi, Mustapha; Kadiri, Mohamed Fatmi El

2013-01-01

229

Periocular cutaneous anthrax in Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia: a case series  

PubMed Central

Background Anthrax is a zoonotic disease caused by Bacillus anthracis. Naturally occurring human infection is rare and is generally the result of contact with anthrax-infected animals or animal products. Case presentation We examined three patients who had contact with presumed anthrax-infected animal and/or its product and presented with preseptal cellulitis with a localized itchy erythematous papule of the eyelid and non-pitting periorbital edema, followed by ulceration and dark eschar formation. All the three patients responded to intravenous antibiotics, and the lesion resolved leaving scars which caused cicatricial ectropion in all cases. Conclusion Anthrax is a rare disease but should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ulcerative (and eschar forming) preseptal cellulitis with a history of contact with anthrax-infected animals or animal products. Furthermore, cicatrization of the eyelids, one of the sequelae of periocular cutaneous anthrax, should be addressed. Urgent case report to the local zoonotic disease and infection control body and other responsible authorities is recommended.

2013-01-01

230

Skin and soft tissue infections in cirrhotics: a prospective analysis of clinical presentation and factors affecting outcome.  

PubMed

Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cirrhosis. This prospective study aimed to analyze the clinical profile and factors affecting outcome of SSTIs in cirrhotics. All cirrhotics hospitalized between September 2007 and August 2010 were included. Frequency, site, extent, and type of SSTI were noted. Of 1,395 cirrhotics, 19.4 % (n = 271) had bacterial infections, out of which 32.8 % (89/271) had SSTI. Alcohol was the predominant etiological factor for cirrhosis; 95.2 % belonged to Child class B/C, and 67 % gave history of barefoot walking. The most common site of SSTI was the lower limbs (87.1 %), cellulitis was the most common type (61.2 %), and gram-negative bacilli (GNB) is the most common organism (86.7 %). Mortality rate was 23.5 %. Serum creatinine and model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score were independent predictors of mortality. SSTIs in cirrhotics were common and mostly involved the lower limbs. Cellulitis was the most common type, and GNB was the most common organism. Serum creatinine and MELD score were independent predictors of mortality. PMID:24706053

Sood, Ajit; Midha, Vandana; Goyal, Omesh; Goyal, Prerna; Sood, Pramod; Sharma, Suresh Kumar; Sood, Neena

2014-05-01

231

Spectrum of dermatoses in 165 travelers returning from the tropics with skin diseases.  

PubMed

The spectrum of dermatoses occurring in travelers returning from tropical areas is poorly documented. We analyzed the relative frequency of travel-associated dermatoses and their possible relationships to travel characteristics in all persons who came to our hospital between November 2002 and May 2003 for a cutaneous disorder related to travel in a tropical country. One hundred sixty-five travelers were included. The main dermatoses identified were infectious cellulitis (12.7%), scabies (10.3%), and pruritus of unknown origin (PUO) (9.1%). Tropical dermatoses accounted for 33.9% of the cutaneous disorders. Univariate analysis showed statistically significant correlations of infectious cellulitis with females, PUO with older age and immigrant status, pyoderma with expatriate status, scabies with tourism and travel to Africa, myiasis with tourism and travel to Africa and America, filariasis with travel to Africa and immigrant status, and cutaneous larva migrans with tourism. Dermatoses diagnosed in travelers returning from the tropics seemed to be influenced by traveler status and region visited. PMID:17255251

Ansart, Séverine; Perez, Lucia; Jaureguiberry, Stéphane; Danis, Martin; Bricaire, François; Caumes, Eric

2007-01-01

232

Safety and efficacy of high-dose treatment with imipenem-cilastatin in seriously ill patients.  

PubMed Central

Imipenem-cilastatin was given in doses of 1 g intravenously every 6 h to 31 patients. Twenty-five patients, with 27 infections, were clinically evaluable and received 20 to 210 g of imipenem for a duration of 5 to 56 days (average 16.3 days). Infections included seven cases of osteomyelitis, seven of bacteremia, five of cellulitis, two of pneumonia, three of pelvic cellulitis, two of intraabdominal abscess, and one each of empyema, mediastinitis, and endometritis. Fifty-five percent of the infections were caused by gram-negative bacilli, 33% were due to gram-positive organisms, and 10% were caused by anaerobes. Twenty-two patients (81%) were cured, three improved, one relapsed, and one became superinfected with a resistant organism. In 5 of 11 cases with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the imipenem MIC for organisms isolated by the end of treatment was higher than it was initially, raising concern that imipenem should not be used alone to treat Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections. Twenty-one patients had no adverse reaction; of the remaining 10 patients, 4 had nausea, 1 had urticaria, and 6 had mild abnormalities in hepatic function; three episodes of diarrhea included two with Clostridium difficile toxin in stool and one with pseudomembranous colitis, as determined by sigmoidoscopy. Levels of creatinine, hemoglobin, leukocytes, platelets, prothrombin, and urine components were unchanged. Imipenem-cilastatin is a clinically effective antibiotic with freedom from nephrotoxicity and hematological abnormalities in the large doses used in this study.

Zajac, B A; Fisher, M A; Gibson, G A; MacGregor, R R

1985-01-01

233

Common infection-related conditions and risk of lymphoid malignancies in older individuals.  

PubMed

Background:Chronic antigenic stimulation may initiate non-Hodgkin (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) development. Antecedent, infection-related conditions have been associated, but evidence by lymphoproliferative subtype is limited.Methods:From the US SEER-Medicare database, 44?191 NHL, 1832 HL and 200?000 population-based controls, frequency-matched to all SEER cancer cases, were selected. Logistic regression models, adjusted for potential confounders, compared infection-related conditions in controls with HL and NHL patients and by the NHL subtypes diffuse large B-cell, T-cell, follicular and marginal zone lymphoma (MZL). Stratification by race was undertaken.Results:Respiratory tract infections were broadly associated with NHL, particularly MZL. Skin infections were associated with a 15-28% increased risk of NHL and with most NHL subtypes, particularly cellulitis with T-cell lymphoma (OR 1.36, 95%CI 1.24-1.49). Only herpes zoster remained associated with HL following Bonferroni correction (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.28-1.87). Gastrointestinal and urinary tract infections were not strongly associated with NHL or HL. In stratified analyses by race, sinusitis, pharyngitis, bronchitis and cellulitis showed stronger associations with total NHL in blacks than whites (P<0.001).Conclusions:Infections may contribute to the aetiologic pathway and/or be markers of underlying immune modulation. Precise elucidation of these mechanisms may provide important clues for understanding how immune disturbance contributes to lymphoma. PMID:24691420

Anderson, L A; Atman, A A; McShane, C M; Titmarsh, G J; Engels, E A; Koshiol, J

2014-05-27

234

Morbidity of Inguinofemoral Lymphadenectomy in Vulval Cancer  

PubMed Central

Background. The aim of this study is to detect possible risk factors for development of short- and long-term local complications after inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy for vulval cancer. Methods. This retrospective cohort study included 34 vulval cancer patients that received inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy. The detected complications were wound cellulitis, wound seroma formation, wound breakdown, wound infection, and limb lymphoedema. Followup of the patient ran up to 84 months after surgery. Results. Within a total of 64 inguinofemoral lymphadenectomies, 24% of the inguinal wounds were affected with cellulitis, 13% developed a seroma, 10% suffered wound breakdown, 5% showed lower limb edema within a month of the operation, and 21.4% showed lower limb edema during the long-term followup. No significant correlation could be found between saphenous vein ligation and the development of any of the local complications. The 3-year survival rate in our cohort was 89.3%. Conclusions. Local complications after inguino-femoral lymphadenectomy are still very high, with no single pre-, intra-, or postoperative factor that could be incriminated. Saphenous vein sparing provided no significant difference in decreasing the rate of local complications. More trials should be done to study the sentinel lymph node detection technique.

Soliman, A. A.; Heubner, M.; Kimmig, R.; Wimberger, P.

2012-01-01

235

Ost?osarcome primitif du rein avec ?volution m?tastatique au foie. ?tude de cas et revue de la litt?rature  

PubMed Central

Résumé L’ostéosarcome primitif du rein est une pathologie très rare dont l’histogénèse n’est pas claire. Les récidives locales et les métastases sont fréquentes et le pronostic est très mauvais. Nous décrivons ici le cas d’une patiente de 59 ans qui présentait des douleurs lombaires gauches et un amaigrissement. Une échographie abdominale et une tomodensitométrie abdominale ont révélé une masse rétropéritonéale de 13 × 8 × 9 cm avec macrocalcifications. Le bilan d’extension n’a pas révélé d’autres lésions. On a procédé à une néphrectomie élargie gauche; l’examen histologique a révélé une prolifération tumorale constituée de cellules fusiformes de taille variable, ces cellules manifestement atypiques produisant directement du tissu ostéoïde évoquant un ostéosarcome rénal. Dix mois plus tard, la patiente présentait des lésions métastatiques au niveau hépatique sans autre lésion secondaire ni récidive locale. La patiente est actuellement en cours de traitement par chimiothérapie par doxorubicine et cisplatine avec un recul de 17 mois. Les caractéristiques anatomocliniques et les modalités thérapeutiques de cette pathologie rare sont discutées ci-dessous.

Gharbi, Olfa; Trabelsi, Amel; Hochlef, Makram; Kriaa, Soulef; Limam, Sami; Ben Fatma, Leila; Landolsi, Amel; Gahbiche, Selma; Mokni, Moncef; Mosbeh, T.A.; Ben Ahmed, Slim

2009-01-01

236

Validation of a disease model in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) with the use of Escherichia coli serogroup O2 isolated from a turkey  

PubMed Central

This study established a disease model and protocol for bacterial challenge with Escherichia coli serogroup O2 strain EC317 in Japanese quail. Five groups of 10 birds each were injected subcutaneously in the breast with 200 ?L of a brain–heart infusion (BHI) culture containing 1 × 108, 1 × 107, 1 × 106, 1 × 105, or 1 × 104 colony-forming units/mL of the test organism, which had been isolated from a turkey with cellulitis and septicemia. Birds in a 6th group were controls that received sterile BHI alone. Localized lesions of cellulitis developed in all of the birds that received E. coli. The morbidity and mortality rates were highest (100%) in the birds receiving the highest dose of E. coli and decreased linearly with decreasing dose (P < 0.05). Severity of disease, including lesions of pericarditis and perihepatitis, was also directly proportional to the dose of E. coli. These findings indicate that this disease challenge protocol can be used to study disease resistance and immunologic consequences of contaminant exposure or other stressors in birds.

Nain, Sukhbir; Smits, Judit E.G.

2011-01-01

237

Pressure ulcers: prevention, evaluation, and management.  

PubMed

A pressure ulcer is a localized injury to the skin or underlying tissue, usually over a bony prominence, as a result of unrelieved pressure. Predisposing factors are classified as intrinsic (e.g., limited mobility, poor nutrition, comorbidities, aging skin) or extrinsic (e.g., pressure, friction, shear, moisture). Prevention includes identifying at-risk persons and implementing specific prevention measures, such as following a patient repositioning schedule; keeping the head of the bed at the lowest safe elevation to prevent shear; using pressure-reducing surfaces; and assessing nutrition and providing supplementation, if needed. When an ulcer occurs, documentation of each ulcer (i.e., size, location, eschar and granulation tissue, exudate, odor, sinus tracts, undermining, and infection) and appropriate staging (I through IV) are essential to the wound assessment. Treatment involves management of local and distant infections, removal of necrotic tissue, maintenance of a moist environment for wound healing, and possibly surgery. Debridement is indicated when necrotic tissue is present. Urgent sharp debridement should be performed if advancing cellulitis or sepsis occurs. Mechanical, enzymatic, and autolytic debridement methods are nonurgent treatments. Wound cleansing, preferably with normal saline and appropriate dressings, is a mainstay of treatment for clean ulcers and after debridement. Bacterial load can be managed with cleansing. Topical antibiotics should be considered if there is no improvement in healing after 14 days. Systemic antibiotics are used in patients with advancing cellulitis, osteomyelitis, or systemic infection. PMID:19035067

Bluestein, Daniel; Javaheri, Ashkan

2008-11-15

238

A cell suspension agar diffusion test using Neutral Red release to assess the relative irritancy potential of cosmetic ingredients and formulations.  

PubMed

Synopsis An established cytotoxicity test for plastic materials in medical devices has been adapted and used to assess the relative potential irritancy of cosmetic ingredients and formulations during product development. Serum-free medium containing a novel protein supplement supported growth in suspension of LS mouse fibroblast cells. Release of the vital dye Neutral Red from pre-loaded cells suspended in agar was the endpoint. Test substances and reference standards were applied to a central well cut into the agar, a sensitive method which allowed accurate dose application and yielded consistent results. Relative irritancy potential was measured quantitatively by comparing the diameters of the clear zones of damaged cells which surround the central well. The test has been used with raw materials such as surfactants, preservatives and herbal extracts, as well as finished products ranging from shampoos and conditioners to creams, lotions and coloured cosmetics. The method is practical, versatile, reproducible and economic to use. Résumé Un test de cytotoxicité utilisé pour la détection de toxines dans les plastiques des appareils médicaux a été adapté pour prévenir le potentiel d'irritation relative. Le point mesuré est la libération de la teinture vitale rouge neutre des cellules chargées au préalable, résultant de l'incubation avec des substances tests. La mesure des diamétres de la zone claire de dilutions sequentielles de substances tests permet de calculer l'irritation potentielle d'un produit testé par rapport à un standard. Parmi les modifications, on a pu constater à l'aide d'une ligne de cellules en suspension dérivées de fibroblastes de souris L-929, la pousse en milieu sans sérum pour éviter les produits d'abattoir. A la place du sérum de veau, on a ajouté au milieu une nouvelle protéine innovatrice supportant la pousse normale en suspension. Durant la procédure de test les cellules se trouvaient en suspension dans une solution agar et les substances tests ont été appliquées sur une cellule centrale bien délimitéc sur la gélose plutôt qu'à l'aide d'un disque de papier filtre. L'application par une cellule centrale était plus sensible qu'avec un disque, permettant l'application d'une dose précise et fournissant des résultats plus fiables. Le test modifié a été utilisé sur une période de 4 ans pour des matiéres premières telles que tensioactifs, conservateurs et extraits de plantes, ainsi que des formules de shampooings, savons, lotions hydratantes et cosmétiques colorés. Ces produits ont étéévalués sur des panels de volontaires, et les produits testés sont commercialisés depuis 2 ans au moins. Le test est un moyen pratique, versatile, reproductible et économique de calculer le potentiel d'irritation relative d'une gamme de produits et ingrédients cosmktiques. PMID:19272118

Butler, N J; Langley, G R; Winwood, J

1993-02-01

239

Croissance epitaxiale de GaAs sur substrats de Ge par epitaxie par faisceaux chimiques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

La situation energetique et les enjeux environnementaux auxquels la societe est confrontee entrainent un interet grandissant pour la production d'electricite a partir de l'energie solaire. Parmi les technologies actuellement disponibles, la filiere du photovoltaique a concentrateur solaire (CPV pour concentrator photovoltaics) possede un rendement superieur et mi potentiel interessant a condition que ses couts de production soient competitifs. La methode d'epitaxie par faisceaux chimiques (CBE pour chemical beam epitaxy) possede plusieurs caracteristiques qui la rendent interessante pour la production a grande echelle de cellules photovoltaiques a jonctions multiples a base de semi-conducteurs III-V. Ce type de cellule possede la meilleure efficacite atteinte a ce jour et est utilise sur les satellites et les systemes photovoltaiques a concentrateur solaire (CPV) les plus efficaces. Une des principales forces de la technique CBE se trouve dans son potentiel d'efficacite d'utilisation des materiaux source qui est superieur a celui de la technique d'epitaxie qui est couramment utilisee pour la production a grande echelle de ces cellules. Ce memoire de maitrise presente les travaux effectues dans le but d'evaluer le potentiel de la technique CBE pour realiser la croissance de couches de GaAs sur des substrats de Ge. Cette croissance constitue la premiere etape de fabrication de nombreux modeles de cellules solaires a haute performance decrites plus haut. La realisation de ce projet a necessite le developpement d'un procede de preparation de surface pour les substrats de germanium, la realisation de nombreuses sceances de croissance epitaxiale et la caracterisation des materiaux obtenus par microscopie optique, microscopie a force atomique (AFM), diffraction des rayons-X a haute resolution (HRXRD), microscopie electronique a transmission (TEM), photoluminescence a basse temperature (LTPL) et spectrometrie de masse des ions secondaires (SIMS). Les experiences ont permis de confirmer l'efficacite du procede de preparation de surface et d'identifier les conditions de croissance optimales. Les resultats de caracterisation indiquent que les materiaux obtenus presentent une tres faible rugosite de surface, une bonne qualite cristalline et un dopage residuel relativement important. De plus, l'interface GaAs/Ge possede une faible densite de defauts. Finalement, la diffusion d'arsenic dans le substrat de germanium est comparable aux valeurs trouvees dans la litterature pour la croissance a basse temperature avec les autres procedes d'epitaxie courants. Ces resultats confirment que la technique d'epitaxie par faisceaux chimiques (CBE) permet de produire des couches de GaAs sur Ge de qualite adequate pour la fabrication de cellules solaires a haute performance. L'apport a la communaute scientifique a ete maximise par le biais de la redaction d'un article soumis a la revue Journal of Crystal Growth et la presentation des travaux a la conference Photovoltaics Canada 2010 . Mots-cles : Epitaxie par jets chimiques, Chemical beam epitaxy, CBE, MOMBE, Germanium, GaAs, Ge

Belanger, Simon

240

An improved directional growth apparatus for liquid crystals: applications to thermotropic and lyotropic systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have built a directional growth apparatus adapted for the study of thermotropic or lyotropic liquid crystals. This cell allows us to work under inert gas, to orient the sample from outside with respect to the temperature gradient, and to measure the front temperature within 0.1°C. Three applications are described. The first deals with the growth of a monocrystal of pivalic acid when the easy growth axis makes an angle with the heat flow direction. The second experiment is concerned with the fast growth of a discotic liquid crystal and the measurement of the molecular attachment kinetic coefficient at the interface between the columnar hexagonal mesophase and the isotropic liquid. A dynamical anchoring transition between domains of planar and homeotropic orientation will be also described. The last example focuses on the growth of a hexagonal phase of a water-surfactant binary mixture and the first observation of the Mullins-Sekerka instability in a lyotropic system. Nous avons construit une cellule de croissance directionnelle adaptée à l'étude des cristaux liquides thermotropes ou lyotropes. Cette cellule permet de travailler en atmosphère inerte, d'orienter l'échantillon de l'extérieur par rapport au gradient de température, et de mesurer la température du front à 0.1°C près. Trois exemples d'application sont décrits. Le premier porte sur la croissance d'un monocristal d'acide pivalique quand l'axe de croissance facile des cellules fait un angle avec la direction du flux de chaleur. La seconde expérience porte sur la croissance rapide d'un cristal liquide discotique et la mesure du coefficient cinétique d'attachement moléculaire à l'interface entre la mésophase colonnaire hexagonale et le liquide isotrope. Une transition d'ancrage dynamique entre des domaines d'orientations planaire et homéotrope sera également décrite. Le dernier exemple porte sur la croissance d'une phase hexagonale d'un mélange binaire eau-surfactant et la première observation de l'instabilité de Mullins-Sekerka dans un système lyotrope.

Oswald, P.; Moulin, M.; Metz, P.; Géminard, J. C.; Sotta, P.; Sallen, L.

1993-09-01

241

Syndrome de lev?e d'obstacle : physiopathologie et prise en charge  

PubMed Central

Résumé Le syndrome de levée d’obstacle est une polyurie massive faisant suite au traitement d’une insuffisance rénale obstructive. Les mécanismes physiopathologiques sont multiples : un état de surcharge hydrique qui dépend du caractère complet ou incomplet de l’obstacle, des anomalies tubulaires (atteinte de la capacité de dilution et de concentration des urines, diminution de la réabsorption du sodium, fuites de potassium, troubles de l’acidification des urines, insensibilité des cellules tubulaires à l’hormone antidiurétique), ainsi que des facteurs biochimiques et immunologiques sont mis en jeu. La levée d’un obstacle nécessite une surveillance clinique et biologique stricte (diurèse horaire, état hémodynamique, état d’hydratation, créatininémie, urémie, ionogramme sanguin). Le traitement a pour but d’éviter les troubles hémodynamiques et métaboliques graves, et repose sur le principe de la compensation des pertes hydroélectrolytiques.

Ziouziou, Imad; Daoudi, Anass; Nouri, Anass; Karmouni, Tarik; El Khader, Khalid; Koutani, Abdellatif; Andaloussi, Ahmed Iben Attya

2012-01-01

242

Late-onset orbital hematoma secondary to alloplastic orbital implant mimicking transient ischemic attacks.  

PubMed

Alloplastic orbital implants are commonly used by surgeons in the repair of orbital wall defects. They are generally well tolerated, but they may cause late-onset complications. The authors present the case of a 65-year-old man with a history of left orbital floor fracture repair 25 years prior using a silicone orbital implant. He presented with a 1-year history of recurrent binocular vertical diplopia previously diagnosed as transient ischemic attacks. The patient subsequently presented with symptoms suggestive of orbital cellulitis, and after failure to respond to antibiotic therapy, he underwent surgical removal of the implant, revealing a large orbital hematoma. This case represents an unusual presentation of a known complication associated with orbital implant placement in a patient with previously diagnosed cerebrovascular disease as the cause of his neuroophthalmologic symptoms. PMID:20700069

Gupta, Shivani; Aakalu, Vinay K; Ahmad, Amjad Z

2011-01-01

243

[Chylothorax in a patient with advanced gastric cancer and mediastinal lymph node metastasis causing thoracic duct obstruction].  

PubMed

We report the case of a 61-year-old female with advanced gastric cancer and mediastinal lymph node metastasis who developed chylothorax. The patient presented with cough, dyspnea and pain in the left lower limb, back, and hips. Her lower limb symptoms were attributed to cellulitis. Computed tomography revealed right-sided pleural effusion, multiple lymph node swelling, and thickening of the gastric wall. Following pleural aspiration, the effusion was identified to be chyle. Cytopathologically, numerous adenocarcinoma cells were detected in clumps, and subsequent esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed type 3 gastric cancer. We diagnosed multiple lymph node metastases with pleural dissemination. Chemotherapy was administered; however, she eventually succumbed to disease progression. We suspected that the chylothorax resulted from the mediastinal lymph node metastasis that caused thoracic duct obstruction. PMID:24189823

Yoshizawa, Kazuya; Sasaki, Yu; Abe, Yasuhiko; Kanno, Nana; Mizumoto, Naoko; Yagi, Makoto; Yaoita, Takao; Iwano, Daisuke; Nagino, Ko; Sato, Takeshi; Nomura, Eiki; Nishise, Shoichi; Ueno, Yoshiyuki

2013-11-01

244

Unilateral RS3PE in a Patient of Seronegative Rheumatoid Arthritis  

PubMed Central

Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema (RS3PE) is a rare but well-reported clinical entity. It is classically described as symmetrical involvement of both upper extremities. Asymmetrical involvement had also been reported, but unilateral presentation is very rare. We hereby report a case of unilateral RS3PE in a patient of seronegative rheumatoid arthritis which was initially misdiagnosed as cellulitis and was given high dose antibiotics without any significant improvement. Later a rheumatologic consultation leads to a prompt diagnosis, and treatment with steroids leads to dramatic reversal of symptoms. This case demonstrates the rare presentation of this rare clinical entity and highlights the necessity of awareness regarding unilateral disease to clinicians.

Varshney, Ankur Nandan; Kumar, Nilesh; Tiwari, Ashutosh; Anand, Ravi; Prasad, Sashi Ranjan; Anand, Arvind; Mishra, Abhinandan; Singh, N. K.

2013-01-01

245

Unilateral RS3PE in a Patient of Seronegative Rheumatoid Arthritis.  

PubMed

Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting edema (RS3PE) is a rare but well-reported clinical entity. It is classically described as symmetrical involvement of both upper extremities. Asymmetrical involvement had also been reported, but unilateral presentation is very rare. We hereby report a case of unilateral RS3PE in a patient of seronegative rheumatoid arthritis which was initially misdiagnosed as cellulitis and was given high dose antibiotics without any significant improvement. Later a rheumatologic consultation leads to a prompt diagnosis, and treatment with steroids leads to dramatic reversal of symptoms. This case demonstrates the rare presentation of this rare clinical entity and highlights the necessity of awareness regarding unilateral disease to clinicians. PMID:23662237

Varshney, Ankur Nandan; Kumar, Nilesh; Tiwari, Ashutosh; Anand, Ravi; Prasad, Sashi Ranjan; Anand, Arvind; Mishra, Abhinandan; Singh, N K

2013-01-01

246

Soft tissue infections caused by marine bacterial pathogens: epidemiology, diagnosis, and management.  

PubMed

Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are one of the most common infection syndromes and may be caused by a large number of microorganisms. Some principles of aquatic injuries are different than those of land-based trauma. Wounds sustained in marine environment are exposed to a milieu of bacteria rarely encountered in different settings. These include Vibrio spp., Aeromonas spp., Shewanella spp., Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, Mycobacterium marinum, Streptococcus iniae, and other microbes. Failure to recognize and treat these uncommon pathogens in a timely manner may result in significant morbidity or death. These infections are frequently contracted as a result of recreational swimming, fishing injuries, or seafood handling. The spectrum of manifestations is wide, varying from cases of mild cellulitis, to severe life-threatening necrotizing fasciitis requiring radical surgery, to sepsis and death. This review will focus on the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and treatment of SSTIs caused by the most important marine pathogens. PMID:21785929

Finkelstein, Renato; Oren, Ilana

2011-10-01

247

Magnétomètre à ^3He pompé par diode laser  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe the realization of a ^3He magnetometer based on the free precession of nuclear spins oriented by optical pumping with a laser. The use of a laser diode, directly tuned to 1.083 ?m, and the increase of the ^3He nuclear orientation relaxation time with cesium coated cells, allow us to elaborate a new original magnetometer, which operates sequentially and opens several possibilities of use. Nous décrivons une réalisation d'un magnétomètre à ^3He mettant en oeuvre la précession libre des spins nucléaires orientés par pompage optique laser. L'utilisation d'une diode laser directement accordée à 1,083 ?m ainsi que l'allongement du temps de relaxation de l'orientation nucléaire de ^3He à l'aide d'une cellule avec enduit de césium nous a permis de réaliser un nouveau magnétomètre à fonctionnement séquentiel original et aux possiblités d'utilisation multiples.

Moreau, O.; Chéron, B.; Gilles, H.; Hamel, J.; Noël, E.

1997-01-01

248

Potential flow about arbitrary biplane wing sections  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A rigorous treatment is given of the problem of determining the two-dimensional potential flow around arbitrary biplane cellules. The analysis involves the use of elliptic functions and is sufficiently general to include the effects of such elements as the section shapes, the chord ratio, gap, stagger, and decalage, which elements may be specified arbitrarily. The flow problem is resolved by making use of the methods of conformal representation. Thus the solution of the problem of transforming conformally two arbitrary contours into two circles is expressed by a pair of simultaneous integral equations, for which a method of numerical solution is outlined. As an example of the numerical process, the pressure distribution over certain arrangements of the NACA 4412 airfoil in biplane combinations is presented and compared with the monoplane pressure distribution.

Garrick, I E

1937-01-01

249

Upper body pain and functional disorders in patients with breast cancer.  

PubMed

Upper body pain and dysfunction are common in survivors of breast cancer. Disorders of the upper body can result directly from breast cancer or from the surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or hormonal therapies used in its treatment. Although considerable information is available regarding impairments such as pain and restricted shoulder range of motion associated with breast cancer and its treatment, relatively little information is available about the specific neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, lymphovascular, and other diagnostic entities that underlie those impairments. This article will detail the common and specific causes of upper body pain and dysfunction in breast cancer survivors, including postsurgical pain, rotator cuff disease, adhesive capsulitis, arthralgias, cervical radiculopathy, brachial plexopathy, mononeuropathy, postmastectomy pain syndrome, lymphedema, axillary web syndrome, deep vein thrombosis, and cellulitis. Diagnostic specificity is a key first step to safely and effectively restore function and quality of life to breast cancer survivors. PMID:24360839

Stubblefield, Michael D; Keole, Nandita

2014-02-01

250

[Mosquito allergy].  

PubMed

Althought serious illnesses can be transmitted by mosquitoes, the most frequent manifestations are due to the contact with saliva of mosquitoes during the blood meal. Culex and Aedes are meeting in countries with moderate climates. Clinical signs vary according to the immunoallergical response, from simple pruritic wheals to immediate and/or delayed allergic reactions. Some reactions can provoke confusion with an infectious cellulitis and an inappropriate antibiotherapy. The natural history of insect bite reactions in an individual tends to progress through 5 stages until immunizing tolerance settles down. Skin prick testing or Serum specific IgE of whole body extracts are lacking sensibility and specificity. Actually, they must be reserved for the most invalidating or severe cases. The recombinant allergens of the saliva of mosquitoes should allow to improve diagnosis and to envisage immunotherapy. PMID:24954785

Haas, H; Tran, A

2014-08-01

251

Clostridium septicum myositis in a western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla).  

PubMed

A 10-yr-old male gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) with a history of conspecific bite wounds was evaluated for acute onset of depression, anorexia, and right hemiparesis. The animal was immobilized for diagnostic examination and treatment for suspected toxic shock from a necrotizing, emphysematous wound infection, but was euthanized due to complications during recovery. Gross and histopathologic examination revealed acute necrotizing myositis, fasciitis, cellulitis, and emphysema in the affected wound area, with large numbers of large Gram-positive rods among necrotic muscle fibers. Severe pulmonary edema with airways containing fibrin, acute hemorrhage in multiple body sites, thrombosis in blood vessels in the skeletal muscle, liver, and lung, and lymph node hyperplasia with lymphoid necrosis and hemorrhage. Immunohistochemical fluorescent antibody staining of muscle from the wound site was positive for PMID:17312773

Fontenot, Deidre K; Terrell, Scott P; Miller, Michele; Robbins, Patricia K; Stetter, Mark; Weber, Martha

2005-09-01

252

Soft tissue infections.  

PubMed

Several infectious processes ranging in severity from mild to overwhelming that affect the soft tissues are reviewed. Superficial infections such as impetigo, erysipelas, cellulitis, and subcutaneous bursitis are common and, for the most part, can be easily treated. Because suppurative tenosynovitis has the potential to destroy tendons, consultation with a hand surgeon should be obtained immediately. Mycobacterial and fungal tenosynovitis is usually chronic and patients present with a mass which, when excised and examined with appropriate stain and culture, reveals the unexpected diagnosis. Tropical myositis (muscle abscesses) is seen in temperate climates, primarily as a complication of AIDS. Necrotizing fasciitis and gas gangrene represent the hyperacute end of the spectrum of soft tissue restrictions. Although in most cases a history of trauma is present, spontaneous gas gangrene may arise from occult and colonic cancer. Patients do poorly unless immediate and extensive surgery is performed and appropriate antibiotics are given. PMID:8502773

Canoso, J J; Barza, M

1993-05-01

253

Vindesine in bronchogenic carcinoma: a phase II trial.  

PubMed

Twenty-seven patients with advanced bronchogenic carcinoma were treated with vindesine, 3 mg/m2/week. Twenty-three patients were evaluable for response. Two of six patients with small-cell carcinoma and one of 17 patients with non-small-cell carcinoma had partial responses. Two other patients with non-small-cell carcinoma had minor responses. The duration of the responses was 2-4 months. Neurologic toxicity occurred in 14 patients and was mild except in two patients. There was a median hemoglobin fall of 2.2 g/dl and a median leukocyte nadir of 2800/microliter during vindesine therapy. Thrombocytopenia occurred in 2 patients and mild thrombocytosis occurred in 10 patients. Seven patients experienced phlebitis or cellulitis at the site of drug administration which could be prevented with small doses of intravenous methylprednisolone. These results suggest that vindesine is well tolerated and possesses some activity in patients with previously treated bronchogenic carcinoma. PMID:6282107

Vogelzang, N J; Peterson, B A; Kennedy, B J; Vosika, G J; Conroy, J A

1982-02-01

254

Soft tissue injury of the lower extremity complicated by type II necrotising fasciitis highlighting the need for astute clinical practices and proper treatment.  

PubMed

Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is a soft tissue bacterial-derived infection characterised clinically by fulminant tissue destruction of the poorly blood-supplied muscle fascia and overlying subcutaneous fat. Although these infections first appear as minor superficial manifestations, they are capricious in nature and often lead to sepsis, organ failure and high mortality. We report a case of type II necrotising fasciitis in a 39-year-old Caucasian female patient who presented to the emergency department with cellulitis of her right foot and lower leg that rapidly developed into tissue necrosis. The patient course is of unique interest due to progressive history over a 104?days time frame with complications following surgical treatments and outpatient follow-up. We highlight the importance of early detection and pertinent clinical awareness from a wide range of medical specialties that were involved in this case, and how this process is critical, in order to properly diagnose and treat NF-derived tissue infections. PMID:24973350

Sabre, Alexander; Robles, Carlos G; Krisar-White, Patricia; Farricielli, Laurie

2014-01-01

255

Syndrome de levée d'obstacle : physiopathologie et prise en charge.  

PubMed

RéSUMé: Le syndrome de levée d'obstacle est une polyurie massive faisant suite au traitement d'une insuffisance rénale obstructive. Les mécanismes physiopathologiques sont multiples : un état de surcharge hydrique qui dépend du caractère complet ou incomplet de l'obstacle, des anomalies tubulaires (atteinte de la capacité de dilution et de concentration des urines, diminution de la réabsorption du sodium, fuites de potassium, troubles de l'acidification des urines, insensibilité des cellules tubulaires à l'hormone antidiurétique), ainsi que des facteurs biochimiques et immunologiques sont mis en jeu. La levée d'un obstacle nécessite une surveillance clinique et biologique stricte (diurèse horaire, état hémodynamique, état d'hydratation, créatininémie, urémie, ionogramme sanguin). Le traitement a pour but d'éviter les troubles hémodynamiques et métaboliques graves, et repose sur le principe de la compensation des pertes hydroélectrolytiques. PMID:23283096

Ziouziou, Imad; Daoudi, Anass; Nouri, Anass; Karmouni, Tarik; El Khader, Khalid; Koutani, Abdellatif; Andaloussi, Ahmed Iben Attya

2012-12-01

256

Recurrent primary paediatric herpetic whitlow of the big toe.  

PubMed

A 9-month-old baby girl presented multiple times with an erythematous, papular and pustular big toe in an otherwise healthy infant. A diagnosis of cellulitis was made and she was started on oral antibiotics, and bacterial swabs were taken. After 2 weeks of worsening appearance she was admitted for intravenous antibiotics. Inflammatory markers remained normal and viral swabs were taken. No improvement was seen after 2 days and she was referred for orthopaedic and dermatological opinions. The orthopaedic team recommended debridement whereas the dermatologist suspected a primary herpetic whitlow and recommended intravenous acyclovir in addition to intravenous antibiotics. A viral swab for Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV1) was positive by PCR on day 3. The toe continued to improve clinically and the patient received 21 days of acyclovir in total. 27 days after discharge the infection relapsed. She was treated with a further 14 days of oral acyclovir and recovered completely. PMID:23436893

Murphy, Alexander P; Martin, Premkumar; Jukka, Cecilia M; Memon, Aamir; Ng, Sze May

2013-01-01

257

Truth under a masquerade!  

PubMed

A 32-year-old woman presented with bilateral periorbital oedema of 2 days duration which progressed to proptosis, chemosis with diminution of vision rapidly within a week. She was a known case of adenocarcinoma of the rectum who was treated with surgery and chemotherapy 6 months earlier. Metastasis workup carried out then was negative. On examination, she had bilateral axial proptosis with sluggish pupillary reactions with restricted extra ocular movements. Fundus examination was normal. Systemically, the patient was of poor build and was undernourished. Haemogram showed raised total counts and erythrocyte sedimentation rate. CT orbit and brain showed metastasis to the frontal bones and orbit. On investigating further, the patient had liver and lung metastasis. The patient was started on chemotherapy, but she succumbed to the disease within a week. This case is reported to highlight how bilateral orbital cellulitis can be a presenting sign of systemic metastasis in treated malignancies. PMID:23821637

Gonsalves, Sarita R J; Lobo, Geover Joslen; Mendonca, Norman

2013-01-01

258

Chronic osteomyelitis of the clavicle  

SciTech Connect

Osteomyelitis of the clavicle is an uncommon disease, but it should be considered in patients who present with pain, cellulitis, or drainage in the sternoclavicular area following head and neck surgery, irradiation, subclavian vein catheterization, or immunosuppression. An idiopathic presentation is possible. In contrast to primary osteomyelitis of the clavicle, which is occasionally seen in children, secondary osteomyelitis is quite rare. It is often mistaken for a fracture or a possible neoplasm on plain x-rays. Tomograms and CT scanning are confirmatory, and in early cases, technetium-99m bone scanning can be helpful. Treatment must include early, aggressive surgical debridement of all affected tissues, followed by wound coverage with a well-vascularized flap and perioperative antibiotics.

Granick, M.S.; Ramasastry, S.S.; Goodman, M.A.; Hardesty, R.

1989-07-01

259

Tumeur neuroendocrine mammaire primitive: ? propos d'un cas rare  

PubMed Central

Les carcinomes neuroendocrine primitifs du sein sont des tumeurs rares et représentent 2 à 5% des cancers mammaires. Nous rapportons le cas de localisation mammaire chez une patiente de 50 ans. Il s'agit d'une tumeur classée T4d N1 M0. La tumeur est suspecte radiologiquement. Une microbiopsie est réalisée. L’étude anatomopathologique et immunohistochimique est en faveur d'une tumeur neuroendocrine primitive du sein à grande cellules exprimant les récepteurs progestéroniques seulement. Vu le caractère inflammatoire de la tumeur une chimiothérapie est démarrée avec bonne évolution clinique. A la fin de la chimiothérapie on prévoit de réaliser une mastectomie avec curage axillaire et en fonction des résultats définitifs, une radiothérapie. Une hormonothérapie sera envisagée une 2ème étude immunohistochimique sur la pièce de mastectomie. Vu la rareté des carcinomes neuroendocrines mammaires primitifs, il n'existe pas de standard thérapeutique et le pronostic demeure difficile à déterminer.

Laabadi, Kamilia; Jayi, Sofia; El Houari, Aziza; Tawfic, Harmouch; Bouguern, Hakima; Chaara, Hikmat; Melhouf, Abdilah; Amarti, Afaf

2013-01-01

260

Disseminated Mycobacterium chelonae infection: Complicating a case of hidradenitis suppurativa.  

PubMed

Mycobacteium chelonae is a rapidly growing atypical mycobacteria known to be pathogenic in humans. We report a case of Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) with diabetes complicated by infection of the lesions with Staphylococcus aureus and M. chelonae leading to non-healing and discharging lesions. HS is a rare, insidious and debilitating disease characterized by swollen, painful, inflamed lesions in the axillae, groin, and other parts of the body that contain apocrine glands. Discharge from HS lesions are often found to be sterile, however, polymicrobial bacterial colonization commonly occurs within sinus tracts which can lead to offensive smelling discharge, infection, cellulitis, and superinfection. The incidence of HS is very low and the association with M. chelonae makes it a rare and interesting case. PMID:24350020

Patnaik, Satyadarshi; Mohanty, Indrani; Panda, Pritilata; Sahu, Susmita; Dash, Muktikesh

2013-10-01

261

[What’s news in dermatological therapy?].  

PubMed

Innovations in dermatological therapy remain rare. In 2013, increase in the knowledge of mechanism of action and place in the therapeutic strategies concern some recent drugs. For psoriasis treatment, efficacy and safety of anti IL-17 and anti JAK pathway has been demonstrated in randomized studies versus placebo. In other inflammatory diseases, the role of rituximab in auto immune bullous diseases and of omalizumab in chronic urticaria is better known. This year was published the first randomized trial using anti TNF in hidradenitis suppurativa with positive but limited effects. For infectious diseases, the role of prolonged antibiotherapy in the management of recurrent cellulitis is well documented and new antibiotics appears for the treatment of multi resistant bacteria in infection of skin and soft tissues. Finaly, analysis of quality criteria in dermatological trial showed great capability for increase in quality, a strong prerequiste for treating our patient with safety and efficacy. PMID:24365501

Guillot, B

2013-11-01

262

Disseminated Mycobacterium chelonae infection: Complicating a case of hidradenitis suppurativa  

PubMed Central

Mycobacteium chelonae is a rapidly growing atypical mycobacteria known to be pathogenic in humans. We report a case of Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) with diabetes complicated by infection of the lesions with Staphylococcus aureus and M. chelonae leading to non-healing and discharging lesions. HS is a rare, insidious and debilitating disease characterized by swollen, painful, inflamed lesions in the axillae, groin, and other parts of the body that contain apocrine glands. Discharge from HS lesions are often found to be sterile, however, polymicrobial bacterial colonization commonly occurs within sinus tracts which can lead to offensive smelling discharge, infection, cellulitis, and superinfection. The incidence of HS is very low and the association with M. chelonae makes it a rare and interesting case.

Patnaik, Satyadarshi; Mohanty, Indrani; Panda, Pritilata; Sahu, Susmita; Dash, Muktikesh

2013-01-01

263

Une tumeur exceptionnelle du doigt: la tumeur fibreuse solitaire  

PubMed Central

La tumeur Fibreuse solitaire (TFS) est une prolifération fusocellulaire rare, souvent de localisation intra-thoracique. Nous rapportons le cas d'une localisation exceptionnelle au niveau du 3ème doigt de la main droite. En l'absence de marqueur spécifique l'interprétation de l'immuno-marquage dépend du contexte histo-morphologique. La similitude avec les différents néoplasmes à cellules fusiformes des tissus mous rend le diagnostic de ces tumeurs mésenchymateuses difficile et tardif. Dans 20à 30% des cas le comportement de la TFS est celui d'une tumeur maligne localement agressive et récidivante, avec des métastases rares et tardives. Ce comportement impose une surveillance prolongée après exérèse chirurgicale.

Harmouch, Taoufiq; Hamas, Nawal; Daoudi, Abdelkrim; Amarti, Afaf

2011-01-01

264

Infective Endocarditis Caused by Neisseria elongata on a Native Tricuspid Valve and Confirmed by DNA Sequencing  

PubMed Central

Neisseria elongata, a common oral bacterium, has been recognized as a cause of infections such as infective endocarditis, septicemia, and osteomyelitis. Neisseria-induced infective endocarditis, although infrequently reported, typically arises after dental procedures. Without antibiotic therapy, its complications can be severe. We report the case of a 27-year-old man who presented with fever, severe dyspnea, and a leg abscess from cellulitis. An echocardiogram showed a vegetation-like echogenic structure on the septal leaflet of the patient's native tricuspid valve, and an insignificant Gerbode defect. Three blood cultures grew gram-negative, antibiotic-susceptible coccobacilli that were confirmed to be N. elongata. Subsequent DNA sequencing conclusively isolated N. elongata subsp nitroreducens as the organism responsible for the infective endocarditis. The patient recovered after 21 days of antibiotic therapy. In addition to the patient's unusual case, we discuss the nature and isolation of N. elongata and its subspecies.

Yoo, Yeon Pyo; Kang, Ki-Woon; Yoon, Hyeon Soo; Yoo, Seungmin; Lee, Myung-Shin

2014-01-01

265

Bacteriological profile in chronic dacryocystitis.  

PubMed

A study was conducted to see the bacteriological profile in 172 cases of chronic dacryocystitis attending eye outpatients department of Midnapore Medical College and Hospital and NRS Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. The patients underwent clinical examination of the eyes and lacrimal system, with particular attention to drainage system. The culture and sensitivity test was done from the material, which regurgitated through the punctum following pressure on sac. Out of 172 cases, 66(38.4%) were found with epiphora, 44 cases (25.9%) of epiphora with mass, 8 cases (4.6%) with epiphora mass with cellulitis and in 54 (31.4%) with chronic conjunctivitis. Bactriologically, 142 patients (82.5%) were revealed with pure culture, mixed culture in 18 cases (10.5%) and no growth of organism in 12 cases (7.0%). Staphylococcus aureus was found primary pathogen in disease process. Candida albicans were seen in 4 cases (2.3%). PMID:17240814

Islam, Md Nazarul; Kundu, Pratip Kumar; Biswas, Mukul Chandra; Shaw, Chittaranjan; Chakroborty, Milan; Biswas, Sobhan

2006-07-01

266

Chromoblastomycosis after a leech bite complicated by myiasis: a case report  

PubMed Central

Background Chromoblastomycosis is a chronic mycotic infection, most common in the tropics and subtropics, following traumatic fungal implantation. Case presentation A 72 year-old farmer was admitted to Luang Namtha Provincial Hospital, northern Laos, with a growth on the left lower leg which began 1 week after a forefoot leech bite 10 years previously. He presented with a cauliflower-like mass and plaque-like lesions on his lower leg/foot and cellulitis with a purulent tender swelling of his left heel. Twenty-two Chrysomya bezziana larvae were extracted from his heel. PCR of a biopsy of a left lower leg nodule demonstrated Fonsecaea pedrosoi, monophora, or F. nubica. He was successfully treated with long term terbinafin plus itraconazole pulse-therapy and local debridement. Conclusions Chromoblastomycosis is reported for the first time from Laos. It carries the danger of bacterial and myiasis superinfection. Leech bites may facilitate infection.

2011-01-01

267

Infective endocarditis caused by Neisseria elongata on a native tricuspid valve and confirmed by DNA sequencing.  

PubMed

Neisseria elongata, a common oral bacterium, has been recognized as a cause of infections such as infective endocarditis, septicemia, and osteomyelitis. Neisseria-induced infective endocarditis, although infrequently reported, typically arises after dental procedures. Without antibiotic therapy, its complications can be severe. We report the case of a 27-year-old man who presented with fever, severe dyspnea, and a leg abscess from cellulitis. An echocardiogram showed a vegetation-like echogenic structure on the septal leaflet of the patient's native tricuspid valve, and an insignificant Gerbode defect. Three blood cultures grew gram-negative, antibiotic-susceptible coccobacilli that were confirmed to be N. elongata. Subsequent DNA sequencing conclusively isolated N. elongata subsp nitroreducens as the organism responsible for the infective endocarditis. The patient recovered after 21 days of antibiotic therapy. In addition to the patient's unusual case, we discuss the nature and isolation of N. elongata and its subspecies. PMID:24808790

Yoo, Yeon Pyo; Kang, Ki-Woon; Yoon, Hyeon Soo; Yoo, Seungmin; Lee, Myung-Shin

2014-04-01

268

Infective endocarditis and septic pulmonary embolism following scorpion sting envenoming in an 11-year-old child.  

PubMed

Scorpion sting is one of the common paediatric toxicological problems encountered in southern India. This rural emergency often results in an autonomic storm causing peripheral circulatory failure and/or congestive cardiac failure, leading to pulmonary oedema. A rare case of scorpion sting envenoming in an 11-year-old boy that led to local cellulitis, dyspnoea and congestive heart failure is presented. This was followed by a persistent high-grade fever which lasted for more than 2 weeks and was complicated by fatal Staphylococcus aureus infective endocarditis and septic pulmonary embolism. Although infective endocarditis has been reported occasionally in adults following scorpion sting, this is the first case of infective endocarditis in a native valve in a child following scorpion sting. The literature is reviewed and the mechanisms for this association are discussed. PMID:24199685

Prakash, Vellasamy; Krishnamurthy, Sriram; Mahadevan, Subramanian; Bethou, Adhisivam; Deepak Barathi, S

2014-05-01

269

Clinical manifestations of toxic shock syndrome.  

PubMed

Twenty-two women aged 13 to 44 years (mean, 22 years) with toxic shock syndrome (TSS) were hospitalized in Madison, Wis, between Aug 1, 1977, and Sept 1, 1980. Disease onset occurred during menses in 21 patients; all recovered. Notable sequelae included vocal cord paralysis and impaired finger sensation in two patients and recurrent disease in three. Coagulase-positive staphylococci were grown from the cervix or vagina in 11 of 12 women cultured. Previously undescribed features included vulvar cellulitis, hypocalcemia, hypophosphatemia, hypocholesterolemia, hyponatremia, lymphocytopenia, hypoferrinemia, and late convalescent hair and nail loss. Patients requiring dopamine hydrochloride had worse renal function, longer hospitalizations, and higher total serum bilirubin levels, and clinical onset earlier in menses. Originally reported in children, TSS now appears to be primarily a disease of menstruating women in whom recurrences are possible. PMID:7253137

Chesney, P J; Davis, J P; Purdy, W K; Wand, P J; Chesney, R W

1981-08-14

270

Plates-formes de microscopie et fluorescence par resonance de plasmons de surface appliquees a l'imagerie cellulaire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

L'elaboration de nouveaux medicaments repose sur les etudes pharmacologiques, dont le role est d'identifier de nouveaux composes actifs ou de nouvelles cibles pharmacologiques agissant entre autres au niveau cellulaire. Recemment, la detection basee sur la resonance des plasmons de surface (SPR) a ete appliquee a l'etude de reponses cellulaires. Cette methode de detection, permettant d'observer des variations d'indice de refraction associes a de faibles changements de masse a la surface d'un metal, a l'avantage de permettre l'etude d'une population de cellules vivantes en temps reel, sans necessiter l'introduction d'agents de marquage. Pour effectuer la detection au niveau de cellules individuelles, on peut employer la microscopie SPR, qui consiste a localiser spatialement la detection par un systeme d'imagerie. Cependant, la detection basee sur la SPR est une mesure sans marquage et les signaux mesures sont attribues a une reponse moyennee des differentes sources cellulaires. Afin de mieux comprendre et identifier les composantes cellulaires generant le signal mesure en SPR, il est pertinent de combiner la microscopie SPR avec une modalite complementaire, soit l'imagerie de fluorescence. C'est dans cette problematique que s'insere ce projet de these, consistant a concevoir deux plates-formes distinctes de microscopie SPR et de fluorescence optimisees pour l'etude cellulaire, de sorte a evaluer les possibilites d'integration de ces deux modalites en un seul systeme. Des substrats adaptes pour chaque plate-forme ont ete concus et realises. Ces substrats employaient une couche d'argent passivee par l'ajout d'une mince couche d'or. La stabilite et la biocompatibilite des substrats ont ete validees pour l'etude cellulaire. Deux configurations permettant d'ameliorer la sensibilite en sondant les cellules plus profondement ont ete evaluees, soit l'emploi de plasmons de surface a longue portee et de guides d'onde a gaine metallique. La sensibilite accrue de ces configurations a aussi ete demontree pour un usage en biodetection cellulaire. Une plate-forme permettant de mesurer la spectroscopie SPR simultanement avec l'acquisition d'images de fluorescence a ete realisee. Cette plate-forme a ensuite ete validee par l'etude de reponses cellulaires suite a une stimulation pharmacologique. Puis, un systeme base sur la microscopie SPR a ete concu et caracterise. Son emploi pour l'etude de reponses au niveau de cellules individuelles a ete demontre. Finalement, les forces et faiblesses des substrats et des plates-formes realisees au cours de la these ont ete evaluees. Des possibilites d'amelioration sont mises de l'avant et l'integration des modalites de microscopie SPR et de fluorescence suite aux travaux de la these est discutee. Les realisations au cours de cette etude ont donc permis d'identifier les composantes cellulaires impliquees dans la generation du signal mesure en biodetection SPR. Mots-cles : Resonance des plasmons de surface, microscopie SPR, plasmons de surface a longue portee LRSPR, guide d'onde a gaine metallique MCWG, fluorescence exaltee par plasmons de surface SPEF, biodetection cellulaire, imagerie SPR.

Chabot, Vincent

271

Dens evaginatus: the hornet's nest of adolescent orthodontics.  

PubMed

Dens evaginatus is a rare dental anomaly that occurs during tooth development and results in an abnormal protrusion from the occlusal surface of the affected tooth, often in the area of the central groove between the buccal and lingual cusps. Of clinical importance to the orthodontist is that these occlusal tubercles fracture easily or can be worn away, resulting in direct pulp exposure in a noncarious tooth. This can cause severe complications, including loss of tooth vitality, facial infection in the form of an abscess or cellulitis, or osteomyelitis of the jaw. If extraction of premolars is indicated for orthodontic treatment after careful diagnosis and treatment planning, it is paramount to establish the health of the premolars that will remain in the dentition before extracting the teeth. PMID:23561419

Turner, John W; Kluemper, G Thomas; Chance, Kenneth; Long, Linwood Sonny

2013-04-01

272

A 13C-NMR study of exopolysaccharide synthesis in Rhizobium meliloti Su47 strain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metabolic pathways implied in the synthesis of succinoglycan produced by the Su47 strain of R. meliloti were evaluated by 13C-NMR spectroscopy after incubation with [1{-}13C] or [2{-}13C] glucose. The biosynthesis of this polymer by R. meliloti from glucose occurred by a direct polymerisation of the introduced glucose and by the pentose phosphate pathway. Les voies métaboliques impliquées dans la synthèse du succinoglycane produit par la souche Su47 de R. meliloti ont été évaluées par la spectroscopie de RMN du carbone 13 après incubation des cellules avec du [1{-}13C] ou [2{-}13C] glucose. La biosynthèse de ce polymère à partir du glucose se produit par polymérisation directe du glucose et par la voie des pentoses phosphate.

Tavernier, P.; Portais, J.-C.; Besson, I.; Courtois, J.; Courtois, B.; Barbotin, J.-N.

1998-02-01

273

Cryptococcal panniculitis in an immunocompromised patient: a case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Cryptococcus neoformans is a dimorphic fungus known to cause disease predominately in immuno-compromised patients. It is not uncommon for cryptococcal disease to manifest within the cutaneous tissues of these patients, and it can have drastically varied presentations, from ulcerated nodules to a more subtle cellulitis. We present a patient who underwent a cardiac transplant and developed a fever and mildly erythematous, indurated plaques on his legs and flank several years later. Skin biopsy revealed cryptococcal panniculitis and C neoformans subsequently grew from both the biopsy culture and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This case report highlights the varied and subtle presentations of cutaneous cryptococcosis in immunocompromised patients and encourages a high index of suspicion for this potentially fatal disease in the setting of immunosuppression. PMID:20666191

Abuav, Rachel; McGirt, Laura Y; Kazin, Rebecca A

2010-06-01

274

Necrotizing fasciitis caused by Cryptococcus neoformans in a patient with pemphigus vegetans.  

PubMed

Cryptococcosis occurs most often in immunocompromised people. The cutaneous features of cryptococcosis include papules, pustules, nodules, subcutaneous swelling, abscesses, molluscum contagiosum-like or tumour-like lesions, cellulitis, blisters, ulcers and very rarely, necrotizing fasciitis (NF). NF is a destructive soft-tissue infection that is most typically caused by group A streptococci or by a combination of facultative and anaerobic bacteria. We present the case of a 55-year-old woman with pemphigus vegetans, who developed cryptococcal NF in the legs. She had been treated with immunosuppressants including plasmapheresis and pulse therapy with steroid and cyclophosphamide. Cryptococcal NF localized to the legs is very rare. Because diagnosis and treatment of cryptococcal infection is often delayed, clinicians should be aware of the possibility of cryptococcal infection when antibacterial therapy is not effective in an immunocompromised patient. PMID:19663839

Adachi, M; Tsuruta, D; Imanishi, H; Ishii, M; Kobayashi, H

2009-12-01

275

Restricted diffusion in the superior ophthalmic vein and cavernous sinus in a case of cavernous sinus thrombosis.  

PubMed

A previously healthy 14-year-old boy developed headache, stiff neck, fever, diplopia, right proptosis, and right complete sixth and partial third cranial nerve palsies. Orbital CT showed features of pansinusitis and orbital fat stranding. An initial diagnosis of orbital cellulitis was made. However, closer inspection of the CT disclosed nonfilling of the right superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) and both cavernous sinuses, suggesting cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST). CT venography (CTV) confirmed these features and disclosed nonobstructing thrombus within the left sigmoid sinus and proximal segments of both internal jugular veins. MRI with diffusion imaging disclosed evidence of restricted diffusion within the SOV and cavernous sinuses. These diffusion imaging findings, which may be analogous to those reported with brain parenchymal hematoma, have been described sparingly in intravascular hematoma. PMID:19458570

Parmar, Hemant; Gandhi, Dheeraj; Mukherji, Suresh K; Trobe, Jonathan D

2009-03-01

276

Venous ulcers--an evidence-based update.  

PubMed

Leg ulceration can be defined as any chronic ulcer of the lower leg excluding those on the forefoot or toes (Lees & Lambert, 1992). Venous or stasis ulcers account for 80%-85% of all leg ulcers with an overall prevalence of approximately 1% in the United States (Collins & Seraj, 2010; O'Meara, Al-Kurdi, & Ovington, 2008). Venous ulcers are more common in women and the older population (Abbade & Lastoria, 2005; Bergqvist, Lindholm, & Nelzen, 1999). Venous ulcers are often recurrent and chronic and can persist from weeks to even years. Severe complications include cellulitis, osteomyelitis, and malignant changes (Collins & Seraj, 2010). This column discusses the pathophysiology of venous insufficiency and ulcerations, presentation, diagnosis, and current treatment. PMID:23188154

Spear, Marcia

2012-01-01

277

[Lipedema complicated with lymphedema and chyloderma].  

PubMed

Lipedema never reveals clinical picture of extreme lymphedema-elephantiasis, and skin signs and complications have not been observed. Aim of this paper is to present a case of lipedema with the initial lymphedema in which, after one episode of lymphangiitis and cellulitis, came to the rapid development of lymphedema followed by chyloderma. During the local treatment of extreme chyloderma with excessive exudation, semiocclusive synthetic dressings have been used for moist wound healing. The treatment was completed after 20 weeks with total epithelizsation, without maceration and irritation, without additional spreading of the chyloderma field, without wound infections, with fast and full relief of the pain. Lipedem with extreme lymphedema can be followed by skin complications of lymphedema like chylodermia. PMID:11039316

Ignjatovi?, M; Jevti?, M; Cerovi?, S

2000-01-01

278

Osteolysis and wear debris after total knee arthroplasty presenting with extra-articular metallosis in the calf.  

PubMed

Component wear after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with extruded metallosis in the extra-articular tissue of the calf secondary to a periprosthetic fracture is a rare complication. A 77-year-old man with a failed Insall-Burstein II TKA prosthesis presented with calf cellulitis after a fall. Radiologic evaluation revealed severe osteolysis and loosening of prosthetic components and an intramuscular abscess communicating with the medullary canal of the tibia through an undisplaced periprosthetic fracture. The patient developed rhabdomyolysis with acute renal failure. Drainage of the calf abscess showed staining of the muscles with wear debris and metallosis. The patient subsequently had debridement and excision of the infected TKA implant. Prompt diagnosis of this condition should be suspected in cases of failed arthroplasty with osteolysis and periprosthetic fracture. PMID:18534390

Tan, Gek Meng; Lynne, Goh; Sarbjit, Singh

2008-08-01

279

Opana ER abuse and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)-like illness: a rising risk factor in illicit drug users.  

PubMed

We report the case of a 22 year-old-woman who presented with upper extremity cellulitis secondary to an infiltration of illicit intravenous drug use. She confessed to the intravenous use of Opana ER (an extended release oral formulation of oxymorphone) which is an opioid drug approved only for oral use. She was found to have clinical evidence of profound thrombotic microangiopathy which resulted due to the intravenous use of Opana ER. She showed full clinical improvement after withholding drug and supportive clinical care. Recent report of Opana ER intravenous abuse was published from Tennessee county and has now been increasingly recognised as one of the causes of thrombocytopenia which mimicks clinically as thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. Physicians should be aware of this association as the lack of familiarity to this can pose serious management dilemmas for our patients (especially the polysubstance abusers). PMID:24591390

Kapila, Aaysha; Chhabra, Lovely; Chaubey, Vinod K; Summers, Jeffery

2014-01-01

280

Orbital myositis: diagnosis and management.  

PubMed

Orbital myositis is an inflammatory process that primarily involves the extraocular muscles and most commonly affects young adults in the third decade of life, with a female predilection. Clinical characteristics of orbital myositis include orbital and periorbital pain, ocular movement impairment, diplopia, proptosis, swollen eyelids, and conjunctival hyperemia. The most common presentation is acute and unilateral, which initially responds to systemic corticosteroid therapy. However, chronic and recurrent cases may involve both orbits. Many inflammatory, vascular, neoplastic, and infectious conditions that affect the extraocular muscles and other orbital tissue can mimic orbital myositis. The most important differential diagnoses include thyroid-related eye disease, other orbital inflammatory processes (unspecific idiopathic inflammation, vasculitis, and sarcoidosis), orbital cellulitis, and orbital tumors. In refractory, chronic, or recurrent cases, steroid-sparing agents, inmmunosuppressants, or radiation therapy may be indicated. PMID:19656480

Costa, Roberta M S; Dumitrascu, Oana M; Gordon, Lynn K

2009-07-01

281

Naltrexone-induced Nicolau syndrome masquerading as cutaneous abscess.  

PubMed

Nicolau syndrome-also known as Embolia Cutis Medicamentosa-is a rare complication of intramuscular and subcutaneous injections manifesting as necrosis of skin and the underlying tissues. The exact pathogenesis is uncertain. There are several hypotheses including direct damage to the end artery, cytotoxic effects of the implicated drug or additives in the injectable preparations. Naltrexone is a long-acting opioid antagonist used primarily in the management of alcohol and opioid dependence. The patient received intramuscular naltrexone for treatment of alcoholism. A week later, she presented with what appeared to be cellulitis at the site of injection. It progressed in spite of antibiotics and mimicked an abscess. Attempted incision and drainage however yielded no pus. Deep tissue necrosis was seen and histopathology was consistent with Nicolau syndrome. As per our knowledge, this is the first reported case of naltrexone associated Nicolau syndrome that masqueraded as a buttock abscess. PMID:23242099

Perli, Daniel; Martone, Catharine; Rapose, Alwyn

2012-01-01

282

Rhinocerebral mucormycosis in a patient with type 1 diabetes presenting as toothache: a case report from Himalayan region of India.  

PubMed

Mucormycosis is an angioinvasive infection caused by ubiquitous filamentous fungi of the order Mucorales. It is a rapidly progressive fatal infection mostly reported in susceptible individuals, such as those with poorly controlled diabetes or those with defects in phagocytic function. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is the most common type of mucormycosis in diabetic patients. This case report describes a 17-year-old girl with type 1 diabetes mellitus presenting with rhinocerebral mucormycosis. The patient presented with a history of toothache and facial pain with oedema of left half of face, periorbital oedema and depressed conciousness. She had hyperglycaemia with diabetic ketoacidosis and rapidly developed hemiparesis progressing to quadriparesis and died within 3 days of admission. The current report emphasises the importance of having a high index of suspicion when dealing with patients with diabetes presenting with facial pain or cellulitis and prompt initiation of medical therapy along with surgical debridement for control of rhinocerebral mucormycosis. PMID:24172773

Singh, Vikram; Singh, Mridu; Joshi, Chitra; Sangwan, Jyoti

2013-01-01

283

Antimicrobial Prophylaxis in Adults  

PubMed Central

Antimicrobial prophylaxis is commonly used by clinicians for the prevention of numerous infectious diseases, including herpes simplex infection, rheumatic fever, recurrent cellulitis, meningococcal disease, recurrent uncomplicated urinary tract infections in women, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with cirrhosis, influenza, infective endocarditis, pertussis, and acute necrotizing pancreatitis, as well as infections associated with open fractures, recent prosthetic joint placement, and bite wounds. Perioperative antimicrobial prophylaxis is recommended for various surgical procedures to prevent surgical site infections. Optimal antimicrobial agents for prophylaxis should be bactericidal, nontoxic, inexpensive, and active against the typical pathogens that can cause surgical site infection postoperatively. To maximize its effectiveness, intravenous perioperative prophylaxis should be administered within 30 to 60 minutes before the surgical incision. Antimicrobial prophylaxis should be of short duration to decrease toxicity and antimicrobial resistance and to reduce cost.

Enzler, Mark J.; Berbari, Elie; Osmon, Douglas R.

2011-01-01

284

Possible disease transmission by contaminated mouthguards in two young football players.  

PubMed

Previous studies have demonstrated that athletic mouthguards worn by ice hockey and football players harbor large numbers of bacteria, yeasts, and molds, some of which are either opportunistic or frank pathogens. This article details the clinical history of two junior high school football players. The first player had cellulitis of the leg after a non-break injury. The same unusual bacterium was isolated from both the athletic mouthguard and abscess cultures from the wound. The second patient suffered an attack of exercise-induced asthma so severe that his inhaler could not control the symptoms enough for him to resume play. This child's mouthguard was contaminated with five different species of mold. The clinical implications of mouthguard contamination, possible avenues of disease transmission, and recommendations for mouthguard care are discussed. PMID:17899722

Glass, R Thomas; Wood, C Rieger; Bullard, James W; Conrad, Robert S

2007-01-01

285

Pseudomonas aeruginosa ecthyma gangrenosum in a woman with recurrent Graves' disease.  

PubMed

A 35-year-old woman with postoperative recurrent Graves' disease presented with a 5-day history of a red swelling on the right cheek associated with 4 days of remittent hyperpyrexia. Investigations revealed fever, a gangrenous ulcer on the right cheek, submandibular lymphadenopathy, and thyroid gland enlargement. Her white blood cell count, immunoglobulins, and lymphocyte subsets were unremarkable. Thyroid function tests showed low thyroid-stimulating hormone, high free thyroxine, and elevated radioactive iodine uptake. Repeated pus cultures grew Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but blood cultures were negative. An ill-demarcated erythematous plaque occurred on the right leg on hospital day 3. She was treated with intravenous antibiotics with topical gentamicin, recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor, and radioiodine therapy with anti-thyroid drugs. The ulcer healed leaving a depressed scar at 35 days after discharge. This patient may represent the first case of P. aeruginosa ecthyma gangrenosum and cellulitis in postoperative recurrent Graves' disease. PMID:24560831

Zhu, Cheng-Yao; Zhang, Guo-Xue; Yu, Zuo-Zhong; Li, Zhao-Jun; Fan, Yi-Ming

2014-04-01

286

[Anesthetic management of a patient with adrenoleukodystrophy].  

PubMed

Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a genetic disorder with demyelination of the central nervous system and adrenal insufficiency. A 24-year-old man with ALD was scheduled for dental treatment under general anesthesia. He was diagnosted as having ALD at the age of 5. Past medical history included recurrent cervical cellulitis, adrenal insufficiency, mental retardation, muscle weakness and seizure disorder. General anesthesia was induced using betamethasone as a steroid cover, sevoflurane and nitrous oxide-oxygen and maintained with sevoflurane and nitrous oxide-oxygen. Nasal intubation was performed without using a muscle relaxant. Patients with ALD cannot metabolize very long chain fatty acid, so we did not use propofol containing long chain fatty acid. Operation and anesthesia were uneventful. There were no complications during and after anesthesia. PMID:24558940

Shinohara, Maki; Hirose, Yohsuke; Boku, Aiji; Kimura, Keiji Richard; Morimoto, Yoshinari; Niwa, Hitoshi

2014-01-01

287

Brown-Séquard, a restless mind.  

PubMed

Brown-Séquard, a remarkable medical personality of the 19 th century, was born in a small island of the Indian Ocean. He travelled over the world exerting his skills: a successful physician, and an innovative researcher, with a very ample range of interests. His favored subject was the nervous system. The spinal cord was studied extensively, with novel and important discoveries on the sensory pathways. He identified cases with spinal cord hemisection, and described the clinical presentation corresponding to a syndrome which bears his name (Brown-Séquard syndrome), for which he is best known among neurologists. Regarding the brain, he proposed nine mental and physical functions (organs) related to dynamically interconnected cell clusters, in harmony with the " réseau de cellules anastomosées ", " activités dynamogeniques et inhibitrices ", and " action à distance " concepts. Finally, he is considered by some as the "father" of endocrinology, due to his studies on glands and their secretions. PMID:24637985

Engelhardt, Eliasz; Gomes, Marleide da Mota

2014-01-01

288

Primary cutaneous Candida tropicalis infection in a patient with B-cell lymphoma.  

PubMed

We report the case of a 61-year-old man with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who presented with a tender skin lesion on the left side of the flank of 5 weeks' duration after undergoing myeloablative chemotherapy. Prior treatment with intravenous vancomycin showed minimal response. Clinical examination revealed a tender, indurated, erythematous plaque on the left side of the flank. A skin biopsy demonstrated a lymphohistiocytic and neutrophilic infiltrate with deep dermal necrosis and fungal forms in the dermis and subcutis. A tissue culture grew Candida tropicalis; however, blood cultures remained negative for yeast. A diagnosis of primary cutaneous candidiasis was made based on the lack of response to antibiotics, tissue evidence of C tropicalis, and negative blood cultures. Although rare, primary cutaneous candidiasis should be considered in immunocompromised patients presenting with cellulitis or an abscess that is unresponsive to treatment. PMID:24818181

Schram, Alison M; Kim, Brian; Carlos, Casey; Tetzlaff, Michael T; Schuster, Mindy; Rosenbach, Misha

2014-04-01

289

[A case of successful endoscopic clipping for iatrogenic colon perforation induced by peritoneal catheter insertion].  

PubMed

Advanced cancer patients with refractory ascites often do not respond to conventional treatments including dietary sodium restriction, diuretics, and repeated large volume paracentesis. In these patients, continuous peritoneal drainage by an indwelling catheter may be an effective option for managing refractory ascites with a relative low complication rate. Peritoneal catheter-induced complications include hypotension, hematoma, leakage, cellulitis, peritonitis, and bowel perforation. Although bowel perforation is a very rare complication, it can become disastrous and necessitates emergency surgical treatment. Herein, we report a case of a 57-year-old male with refractory ascites due to advanced liver cancer who experienced iatrogenic colonic perforation after peritoneal drainage catheter insertion and was treated successfully with endoscopic clipping. (Korean J Gastroenterol 2014;63:373-377). PMID:24953616

Hahn, Kyu Yeon; Kim, Hyun Ju; Park, Hye Jung; Kim, Sun Wook; Chang, Soo Yun; Kim, Beom Kyung; Han, Kwang Hyub; Hong, Sung Pil

2014-06-25

290

TRACHEOSTOMAPLASTY: A SURGICAL METHOD FOR IMPROVING RETENTION OF AN INTRALUMINAL STOMA BUTTON FOR HANDS-FREE TRACHEOESOPHAGEAL SPEECH  

PubMed Central

Background We describe a minimally invasive surgical technique, tracheostomaplasty, to overcome anatomical deformities of the stoma that preclude successful retention of a stoma button for hands free tracheoesophageal (TE) speech. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis of 21 patients who underwent tracheostomaplasty after laryngectomy to accommodate an intraluminal valve attachment for hands-free TE speech. Results Sixteen men and 5 women (median age, 65 years; median follow-up, 27.7 months) underwent tracheostomaplasty; 6 patients developed a mild cellulitis that required therapy and 5 patients required a minor revision surgery. At last follow-up, 15 (71%) patients successfully achieved hands-free TE speech using an intraluminal stoma button. Three patients only retained the intraluminal device to facilitate digital occlusion. Tracheostomaplasty failed in 3 patients because of granulation tissue formation or stomal stenosis. Conclusions Tracheostomaplasty is a successful technique to improve intraluminal retention of a stoma button for hands-free TE speech in laryngectomy patients.

Moreno, Mauricio A.; Lewin, Jan S.; Hutcheson, Katherine A.; Bishop Leone, Julie K.; Barringer, Denise A.

2014-01-01

291

Complicated coexisting pyogenic and tuberculous otitis media affecting the temporozygomatic, infratemporal, and parotid areas: report of a rare entity.  

PubMed

We report an unusual case in which a 28-year-old woman presented with a long-standing history of ear discharge, hearing loss, facial weakness with ipsilateral facial swelling and cellulitis, a postauricular fistula, and an abscess of the temporozygomatic, infratemporal, and parotid areas. The pus stained positive for bacteria and acid-fast bacilli, and culture was positive for Proteus vulgaris and mycobacteria. Based on these findings, a diagnosis of tuberculous otitis media with complications was made. Computed tomography showed extensive destruction of the tympanic and mastoid part of the temporal bone, as well as lytic lesions in the skull. The patient was placed on antituberculosis drug therapy. Although her facial nerve palsy and hearing loss persisted, she otherwise responded well and did not require surgery. PMID:23354894

Brar, Tripti; Mrig, Sumit; Passey, J C; Agarwal, A K; Jain, Shayma

2013-01-01

292

Joint replacement in 131 painful osteoarthritic and post-traumatic distal interphalangeal joints.  

PubMed

This study reports the results of Swanson replacement of 131 DIP joints for painful osteoarthritis and two for ongoing pain after injury. Thirty-seven arthroplasties (28 patients) were carried out with extensor tendon division and repair, and postoperative immobilization for 8 weeks. Ninety-four (60 patients) were then carried out without tendon division, allowing immediate mobilization. At assessment after a mean period of 57 months, the mean postoperative range of movement was 39°, and the mean extensor lag was 11°, with significant improvement of both in both operative groups. The severity of pain improved significantly following surgery. All but one patient were satisfied with the cosmetic result of replacement. The overall complication rate was 7/131(5%). Three joints developed cellulitis and one developed osteomyelitis, requiring subsequent fusion. Two joints had subsequent fusions because of persistent lateral instability and marked ulnar deviation and one had a persistent mallet-type deformity, corrected by tendon shortening. PMID:22007097

Sierakowski, A; Zweifel, C; Sirotakova, M; Sauerland, S; Elliot, D

2012-05-01

293

Pyoderma gangrenosum of the breast: a diagnosis not to be missed.  

PubMed

Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a non-infectious purulent ulcerative disease triggered mainly by chronic inflammatory bowel disease, monoclonal gammapathy, polyarthritis and haematological malignancies; exceptionally, it can be triggered by surgery alone. When PG is associated with fever, it can mimic infectious cellulitis. When it is located on the breast, unnecessary and deleterious surgical debridement may be performed. We present two cases of PG of the breast. The first is a postoperative PG and the second was associated with acute myeloid leukaemia - both led to unnecessary surgery. Several elements may have helped to make the diagnosis: nipples little affected by PG, symmetrical lesions on both breasts, other similar lesions elsewhere on the body, resistance to wide spectrum antibiotherapy, complete blood count abnormalities and negativity of bacterial culture. We propose an index to help the surgeon in his decision to realise a surgical debridement or to postpone it and consider the diagnosis of PG. PMID:20851068

Duval, A; Boissel, N; Servant, J M; Santini, C; Petit, A; Vignon-Pennamen, M D

2011-01-01

294

Osteomyelitis of the mandible secondary to infantile osteopetrosis: a case report.  

PubMed

A case of infantile malignant osteopetrosis with refractory mandibular osteomyelitis is reported. A female child was diagnosed with osteopetrosis at 2 years 8 months of age, and was scheduled to receive a bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in a pediatric department at 3 years 11 months of age. Her lower incisors were extracted at a dental clinic, after which she had recurring abscesses with progressive severity. She was referred to our department to control local infections before the BMT and was diagnosed with chronic mandibular osteomyelitis caused by osteopetrosis. Sequestrotomy and curettage were performed under general anesthesia. After surgery, daily saline irrigation was continued and osteomyelitis was well controlled. An uneventful BMT was performed, although it was refused and failed. A second BMT was planned, but during chemotherapy, cellulitis occurred after a recurrence of osteomyelitis caused by a newly erupted tooth. The local infection was controlled, but pneumonia recurred. She ultimately died of respiratory failure at 5 years of age. PMID:19464639

Yamada, Tomohiro; Mishima, Katsuaki; Imura, Hideto; Ueno, Takaaki; Matsumura, Tatsushi; Moritani, Norifumi; Sugahara, Toshio

2009-06-01

295

Usefulness of infrared thermal imaging camera for screening of postoperative surgical site infection after the nuss procedure.  

PubMed

Introduction and Objective. The Nuss procedure is widely used in the treatment of pectus excavatum worldwide. Postoperative pectus bar infection is one of the most serious complications associated with this procedure. Therefore, early detection of signs of implant infection is very important. However, this is difficult, and effective methods have yet to be established. Methods. We use a handheld infrared thermal imaging camera to screen patients for postoperative infection following the Nuss procedure. Here, we report a 28-year-old man with recurrent postoperative (Ravitch procedure) pectus excavatum. Results. Infrared thermography camera clearly indicated slight cellulitis in the right chest. Conclusion. Our technique may assist in preventing postoperative bar infection and removal caused by severe bar infection. Furthermore, this camera is potentially suitable for many situations in infection monitoring following subcutaneous implant surgery. PMID:23878757

Fujita, Kenya; Noguchi, Masahiko; Yuzuriha, Shunsuke; Yanagisawa, Daisuke; Matsuo, Kiyoshi

2013-01-01

296

Dietzia species pacemaker pocket infection: an unusual organism in human infections.  

PubMed

An 87-year-old man presented 10 months following permanent pacemaker insertion with cellulitis-like inflammation around the impulse generator. Symptoms improved with oral flucloxacillin, but only days after stopping, the infection recurred, and he was admitted from clinic for intravenous antibiotics. Suspecting the source was likely Staphylococcal, intravenous flucloxacillin was started, and the patient's inflammatory markers responded adequately. Two samples of fluid were aspirated from the pacemaker site. These showed no bacterial growth using routine microbiological culture techniques. The samples were sent for 16S rDNA PCR and Dietzia species was detected in both samples. Dietzia species is an Actinomyces-like organism, which is not commonly associated with human infection, but is reported to have been isolated from clinical specimens and thus presumptively associated with human disease. The pacemaker was explanted and the pocket debrided with no complications. He made a full recovery after a prolonged course of flucloxacillin. PMID:22984001

Perkin, Sarah; Wilson, Anne; Walker, David; McWilliams, Eric

2012-01-01

297

Lamb pays lip service: two cases of ecthyma contagiosum (orf).  

PubMed

Ecthyma contagiosum (orf) is caused by a parapox virus, which results in ulcerative stomatitis of mainly sheep and goats. The disease may be transmitted to humans through direct contact. Complications are rare in healthy individuals, who rarely report the disease. Two married, recreational sheep farmers, were bitten on their index fingers by an affected lamb. While the husband made an uneventful recovery after oral flucloxacillin, his wife was admitted to hospital with necrosis of her finger, cellulitis and lymphangitis requiring intravenous clindamycin. She subsequently developed a generalized maculo-papular rash, which was initially thought to be an adverse drug reaction, but, on hindsight, may have been erythema multiforme associated with orf. Orf is a common zoonosis, rarely reported in general practice. The disease is usually self-limiting and resolves in 6-8 weeks, but complications may occur. The diagnosis should be considered in at-risk occupational and religious groups. PMID:21515534

de Wet, Carl; Murie, Jill

2011-02-01

298

Plants used to treat skin diseases  

PubMed Central

Skin diseases are numerous and a frequently occurring health problem affecting all ages from the neonates to the elderly and cause harm in number of ways. Maintaining healthy skin is important for a healthy body. Many people may develop skin diseases that affect the skin, including cancer, herpes and cellulitis. Some wild plants and their parts are frequently used to treat these diseases. The use of plants is as old as the mankind. Natural treatment is cheap and claimed to be safe. It is also suitable raw material for production of new synthetic agents. A review of some plants for the treatment of skin diseases is provided that summarizes the recent technical advancements that have taken place in this area during the past 17 years.

Tabassum, Nahida; Hamdani, Mariya

2014-01-01

299

Orbital inflammatory disease: Pictorial review and differential diagnosis  

PubMed Central

Orbital inflammatory disease (OID) represents a collection of inflammatory conditions affecting the orbit. OID is a diagnosis of exclusion, with the differential diagnosis including infection, systemic inflammatory conditions, and neoplasms, among other conditions. Inflammatory conditions in OID include dacryoadenitis, myositis, cellulitis, optic perineuritis, periscleritis, orbital apicitis, and a focal mass. Sclerosing orbital inflammation is a rare condition with a chronic, indolent course involving dense fibrosis and lymphocytic infiltrate. Previously thought to be along the spectrum of OID, it is now considered a distinct pathologic entity. Imaging plays an important role in elucidating any underlying etiology behind orbital inflammation and is critical for ruling out other conditions prior to a definitive diagnosis of OID. In this review, we will explore the common sites of involvement by OID and discuss differential diagnosis by site and key imaging findings for each condition.

Pakdaman, Michael N; Sepahdari, Ali R; Elkhamary, Sahar M

2014-01-01

300

Physical examination findings in deep venous thrombosis.  

PubMed

DVT is a potentially serious disease and can serve as a marker for PE, an entity with even higher morbidity. Thus, it is critically important that emergency physicians consider this diagnosis in patients who present with suspicious symptoms. Recognition of alternative conditions, such as compartment syndrome, septic arthritis, and cellulitis, is also important for optimal care. Because physical examination is only 30% accurate for DVT, it serves to increase clinical suspicion in patients at risk but cannot be used to eliminate the possibility of thromboembolic disease. Because of this limitation, the diagnosis of DVT should be pursued using adjunctive testing in any patient with unexplained limb pain or swelling. Duplex sonography is currently the initial diagnostic study of choice for evaluation of DVT and, if test results are negative, it should be repeated serially if the clinical suspicion is high. PMID:11762276

Kennedy, D; Setnik, G; Li, J

2001-11-01

301

Experimental infections of the musculoskeletal system: evaluation with MR imaging and Tc-99m MDP and Ga-67 scintigraphy  

SciTech Connect

Acute osteomyelitis, soft-tissue infection, or both were experimentally produced in 38 New Zealand white rabbits, and three-phase technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate, gallium-67, and magnetic resonance (MR) images were obtained 7 or 14 days after infection. There was no significant difference between radionuclide studies and MR images in the detection of osteomyelitis, but MR imaging was significantly more sensitive (100% vs. 69%; P less than .01) in the detection of soft-tissue infection. In addition, cellulitis could not be distinguished from soft-tissue abscess on radionuclide studies, whereas MR imaging was 92% accurate in depicting soft-tissue abscesses. Further research is necessary to determine how to relate these findings to true human clinical situations.

Beltran, J.; McGhee, R.B.; Shaffer, P.B.; Olsen, J.O.; Bennett, W.F.; Foster, T.R.; McCalla, M.S.; Iskra, L.A.; Blagg, R.L.; Biller, D.S.

1988-04-01

302

The nasolabial cyst-nasal hamartoma.  

PubMed

The nasolabial cyst is an uncommon midfacial cyst. Twenty-six patients with nasolabial cysts were treated at the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary from 1969 to 1986. Most of these lesions manifested facial deformity, unilateral nasal obstruction, and pain when infected. The nasolabial cyst is often unrecognized or confused with other intranasal masses, or fissural and odontogenic cysts. Infection of these lesions--which occurred in 50% of the patients--may mimic facial cellulitis, periodontal abscess, acute maxillary sinusitis, or nasal furuncles. This cyst is considered to be a hamartoma because of its developmental origin from entrapped epithelium in an embryonic fusion plane. Simple aspiration invariably leads to recurrence, and complete surgical excision is the accepted treatment. The nasolabial cyst should be considered in the differential diagnosis of intranasal masses, midface infections, and swelling in the nasolabial area. PMID:3108810

Kuriloff, D B

1987-03-01

303

Limited surgical treatment of suspected necrotizing fasciitis of the upper extremity with a benign clinical presentation  

PubMed Central

Necrotizing fasciitis is a rapidly evolving, potentially fatal infection. Current recommendations advocate antibiotic administration and early aggressive surgical debridement. Aggressive surgery is associated with significant morbidity, leaving patients with substantial tissue loss and complex wounds. A case of suspected necrotizing fasciitis treated with minimal surgery is described. A previously healthy 48-year-old man presented with increased erythema, swelling and blistering of his left upper extremity. Despite a benign systemic clinical presentation, the hand and forearm were suspicious for necrotizing fasciitis, prompting surgical treatment. Surgical exploration found a significant amount of intradermal and subdermal clear fluid. It was decided to limit the amount of debridement. The diagnosis was Wells syndrome, eosinophilic cellulitis. Treated with steroids, the wounds healed uneventfully. It is important to consider the complete clinical picture before aggressive surgical treatment. A negative history for diabetes, atypical clinical presentation and benign operative findings are suggestive of a more benign diagnosis.

Gander, Brian; Kaye, Marc; Wollstein, Ronit

2012-01-01

304

Wrist drop: an atypical presentation of renal cell carcinoma.  

PubMed

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) causing metastasis to the skeletal muscles is extremely rare. The authors describe a patient with history of RCC treated 5 years ago with radical nephrectomy who presented with left arm swelling after receiving seasonal flu shot. He was initially diagnosed with cellulitis, treated with intravenous antibiotics and discharged home. One month later, he presented with persistent left arm swelling accompanied by wrist drop. Subsequently he developed increased swelling, decreased pulse and wrist drop. He was diagnosed with compartment syndrome, for which fasciotomy was performed, and tissue samples were sent for analysis. Histopathological analysis confirmed metastatic clear cell RCC. The authors described a literature review of previously described cases of metastasis of renal cell cancer to the skeletal muscles. The authors also discussed the rarity of muscle metastasis and unpredictable behavior of RCC after being dormant for long periods. PMID:21795958

Ali, Syed H; Chughtai, Haroon; Alali, Fadi; Diaczok, Benjamin; Verardi, Mary

2011-08-01

305

Antibiotic penetration into normal and inflamed tissues as reflected by peripheral lymph.  

PubMed Central

The concentration of antibiotic in peripheral lymph reflects the tissue levels. Following microsurgical cannulation of the right lymphatic duct in 28 healthy rabbits, either penicillin-G, nafcillin, erythromycin, or cefazolin was given intramuscularly, and lymph and serum samples obtained at frequent intervals. Penicillin or nafcillin was administered to 14 additional rabbits with cellulitis of the right upper extremity. A serum sample drawn between one and two hours after an intramuscular injection, in general, reflects the peak lymph antibiotic concentration and hence the peak tissue concentration of the drug. After two hours the lymph level remains equal to or greater than the simultaneous serum level. The presence of inflammation did not alter the peak antibiotic levels. However, nafcillin required longer for equilibration in the inflamed state than in the uninflamed state, whereas penicillin-G equilibrated more rapidly in the presence of inflammation. Images Fig. 1.

Roberts, T L; Futrell, J W; Sande, M A

1979-01-01

306

METHICILLIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS INFECTIONS OF THE EYE AND ORBIT (AN AMERICAN OPHTHALMOLOGICAL SOCIETY THESIS)  

PubMed Central

Purpose To ascertain if methicillin-resistant Staphyloccocus aureus (MRSA) ophthalmic infections are increasing. Methods A retrospective review of all patients with a culture positive for MRSA in the Parkland Health and Hospital System, the urban public healthcare system for Dallas County, Texas, for the years 2000 through 2004 was performed. Patients with ocular, orbital, and ocular adnexal infection were identified, and isolates were categorized as nosocomial or community-acquired (CA). Results A total of 3,640 patients with a culture positive for MRSA were identified, with 1,088 patients (30%) considered to have acquired the isolate via nosocomial transmission and 2,552 patients (70%) considered to have CA-MRSA. Forty-nine patients (1.3%) had ophthalmic MRSA involvement. For both ophthalmic and nonophthalmic cases, the number of CA-MRSA patients increased each year, whereas the numbers of nosocomial patients remained fairly constant. Patients with ophthalmic MRSA tended to be younger than other MRSA patients (P = .023). The most common manifestation of ophthalmic MRSA infection was preseptal cellulitis and/or lid abscess followed by conjunctivitis, but sight-threatening infections, including corneal ulcers, endophthalmitis, orbital cellulitis, and blebitis, also occurred. Empirical antibiotic coverage was initially prescribed in 48 (98%) of ophthalmic cases and did not adequately cover for the MRSA isolate in 24 (50%). Conclusions CA-MRSA is becoming increasingly prevalent, and ophthalmologists will see more ophthalmic MRSA infections. Although ophthalmic CA-MRSA commonly presents as preseptal lid infection and conjunctivitis, sight-threatening infections also occur. Ophthalmologists must identify MRSA patients, adjust empirical treatment regimens where MRSA is endemic, and take steps to control emergence of resistant organisms in both inpatient and outpatient practices.

Blomquist, Preston Howard

2006-01-01

307

Dermatology for the practicing allergist: Tinea pedis and its complications  

PubMed Central

Tinea pedis is a chronic fungal infection of the feet, very often observed in patients who are immuno-suppressed or have diabetes mellitus. The practicing allergist may be called upon to treat this disease for various reasons. Sometimes tinea infection may be mistaken for atopic dermatitis or allergic eczema. In other patients, tinea pedis may complicate allergy and asthma and may contribute to refractory atopic disease. Patients with recurrent cellulitis may be referred to the allergist/immunologist for an immune evaluation and discovered to have tinea pedis as a predisposing factor. From a molecular standpoint, superficial fungal infections may induce a type2 T helper cell response (Th2) that can aggravate atopy. Th2 cytokines may induce eosinophil recruitment and immunoglobulin E (IgE) class switching by B cells, thereby leading to exacerbation of atopic conditions. Three groups of fungal pathogens, referred to as dermatophytes, have been shown to cause tinea pedis: Trychophyton sp, Epidermophyton sp, and Microsporum sp. The disease manifests as a pruritic, erythematous, scaly eruption on the foot and depending on its location, three variants have been described: interdigital type, moccasin type, and vesiculobullous type. Tinea pedis may be associated with recurrent cellulitis, as the fungal pathogens provide a portal for bacterial invasion of subcutaneous tissues. In some cases of refractory asthma, treatment of the associated tinea pedis infection may induce remission in airway disease. Very often, protracted topical and/or oral antifungal agents are required to treat this often frustrating and morbid disease. An evaluation for underlying immuno-suppression or diabetes may be indicated in patients with refractory disease.

Al Hasan, Muhannad; Fitzgerald, S Matthew; Saoudian, Mahnaz; Krishnaswamy, Guha

2004-01-01

308

Modelisation par elements finis du muscle strie  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ce present projet de recherche a permis. de creer un modele par elements finis du muscle strie humain dans le but d'etudier les mecanismes engendrant les lesions musculaires traumatiques. Ce modele constitue une plate-forme numerique capable de discerner l'influence des proprietes mecaniques des fascias et de la cellule musculaire sur le comportement dynamique du muscle lors d'une contraction excentrique, notamment le module de Young et le module de cisaillement de la couche de tissu conjonctif, l'orientation des fibres de collagene de cette membrane et le coefficient de poisson du muscle. La caracterisation experimentale in vitro de ces parametres pour des vitesses de deformation elevees a partir de muscles stries humains actifs est essentielle pour l'etude de lesions musculaires traumatiques. Le modele numerique developpe est capable de modeliser la contraction musculaire comme une transition de phase de la cellule musculaire par un changement de raideur et de volume a l'aide des lois de comportement de materiau predefinies dans le logiciel LS-DYNA (v971, Livermore Software Technology Corporation, Livermore, CA, USA). Le present projet de recherche introduit donc un phenomene physiologique qui pourrait expliquer des blessures musculaires courantes (crampes, courbatures, claquages, etc.), mais aussi des maladies ou desordres touchant le tissu conjonctif comme les collagenoses et la dystrophie musculaire. La predominance de blessures musculaires lors de contractions excentriques est egalement exposee. Le modele developpe dans ce projet de recherche met ainsi a l'avant-scene le concept de transition de phase ouvrant la porte au developpement de nouvelles technologies pour l'activation musculaire chez les personnes atteintes de paraplegie ou de muscles artificiels compacts pour l'elaboration de protheses ou d'exosquelettes. Mots-cles Muscle strie, lesion musculaire, fascia, contraction excentrique, modele par elements finis, transition de phase

Leonard, Mathieu

309

Elaboration du Ge mesoporeux et etude de ses proprietes physico-chimiques en vue d'applications photovoltaiques  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Le sujet de cette these porte sur l'elaboration du nouveau nanomateriau par la gravure electrochimique bipolaire (BEE) --- le Ge mesoporeux et sur l'analyse de ses proprietes physico-chimiques en vue de son utilisation dans des applications photovoltaiques. La formation du Ge mesoporeux par gravure electrochimique a ete precedemment rapportee dans la litterature. Cependant, le verrou technologique important des procedes de fabrication existants consistait a obtenir des couches epaisses (superieure a 500 nm) du Ge mesoporeux a la morphologie parfaitement controlee. En effet, la caracterisation physico-chimique des couches minces est beaucoup plus compliquee et le nombre de leurs applications possibles est fortement limite. Nous avons developpe un modele electrochimique qui decrit les mecanismes principaux de formation des pores ce qui nous a permis de realiser des structures epaisses du Ge mesoporeux (jusqu'au 10 mum) ayant la porosite ajustable dans une large gamme de 15% a 60%. En plus, la formation des nanostructures poreuses aux morphologies variables et bien controlees est desormais devenue possible. Enfin, la maitrise de tous ces parametres a ouvert la voie extremement prometteuse vers la realisation des structures poreuses a multi-couches a base de Ge pour des nombreuses applications innovantes et multidisciplinaires grace a la flexibilite technologique actuelle atteinte. En particulier, dans le cadre de cette these, les couches du Ge mesoporeux ont ete optimisees dans le but de realiser le procede de transfert de couches minces d'une cellule solaire a triple jonctions via une couche sacrificielle en Ge poreux. Mots-cles : Germanium meso-poreux, Gravure electrochimique bipolaire, Electrochimie des semi-conducteurs, Report des couches minces, Cellule photovoltaique

Tutashkonko, Sergii

310

Epidemic Pseudomonas aeruginosa serotype O16 bacteremia in hematology-oncology patients.  

PubMed Central

From 1 August 1978 through 31 December 1982, 98 hematology-oncology patients had positive cultures for Pseudomonas aeruginosa serotype O16; 22 of these patients developed bacteremia, and this bacteremia was associated with the occurrence of extensive perineal cellulitis in 10 patients (45.5%). Seventeen bacteremic patients died. The epidemic strain differed from other P. aeruginosa organisms isolated at the hospital by its resistance to all antibiotics available at that time (ticarcillin, piperacillin, azlocillin, tobramycin, ceftizoxime, ceftriaxone, moxalactam, ceftazidime, and fosfomycin). Univariate analysis showed the following factors to be significantly associated with P. aeruginosa O16 bacteremia: the severity of granulocytopenia at the time of the bacteremia, more days with fever, the administration of ticarcillin or an aminoglycoside, the receipt of a greater number of antimicrobial agents for a longer period of time before documentation of the bacteremia, and the occurrence of cellulitis. Logistic regression analysis showed that duration of fever, duration of bacteremia, and the number of antimicrobial agents administered before documentation of the bacteremia were the best predictors of P. aeruginosa O16 bacteremia. In a prospective study of the acquisition of P. aeruginosa by hematology-oncology patients, 1,149 specimens (throat and rectal swabs) from 270 patients and 201 specimens from their washbasin drains were collected. On only three occasions was the epidemic strain isolated from both the patient and his or her washbasin, but in each case the colonization of the patient preceded the isolation of the strain from the washbasin. The transmission of any P. aeruginosa organism from washbasin drain to patient could not be documented. Contact isolation precautions from the Centers for Disease Control were used for all hematology-oncology patients colonized or infected with P. aeruginosa after 7 January 1983. No case of P. aeruginosa O16 bacteremia has occurred at Hotel Dieu since July 1984. Images

Richet, H; Escande, M C; Marie, J P; Zittoun, R; Lagrange, P H

1989-01-01

311

A prospective, multicenter, observational study of complicated skin and soft tissue infections in hospitalized patients: clinical characteristics, medical treatment, and outcomes  

PubMed Central

Background Complicated skin and soft tissue infections (cSSTIs) occur frequently, but limited data do not allow any consensus on an optimal treatment strategy. We designed this prospective, multicenter, observational study to to explore the current epidemiology, treatment, and resulting clinical outcomes of cSSTIs to help develop strategies to potentially improve outcomes. Methods From June 2008 to December 2009 we enrolled a pre-specified number of adults treated in 56 U.S. hospitals with intravenous antibiotic(s) for any of the following cSSTIs: diabetic foot infection (DFI); surgical site infection (SSI); deep soft tissue abscess (DSTA); or, cellulitis. Investigators treated all patients per their usual practice during the study and collected data on a standardized form. Results We enrolled 1,033 patients (DFI 27%; SSI 32%; DSTA 14%; cellulitis 27%; mean age 54 years; 54% male), of which 74% had healthcare-associated risk factors. At presentation, 89% of patients received initial empiric therapy with intravenous antibiotics; ~20% of these patients had this empiric regimen changed or discontinued based on culture and sensitivity results. Vancomycin was the most frequently used initial intravenous antibiotic, ordered in 61% of cases. During their stay 44% of patients underwent a surgical procedure related to the study infection, usually incision and drainage or debridement. The mean length of stay was 7.1 days, ranging from 5.8 (DSTA) to 8.1 (SSI). Conclusion Our findings from this large prospective observational study that characterized patients with cSSTIs from diverse US inpatient populations provide useful information on the current epidemiology, clinical management practices and outcomes of this common infection.

2012-01-01

312

Catfish spine envenomation and bacterial abscess with Proteus and Morganella: a case report  

PubMed Central

Introduction Abscess formation and cellulitis in the setting of envenomation are rare complications of handling catfish. To the best of our knowledge, isolation of Proteus vulgaris has not been previously recorded, and recovery of Morganella morganii has been reported in only one prior case from wound cultures in patients injured by catfish stings. We report a case of catfish envenomation characterized by abscess formation and cellulitis, in which wound cultures grew these unusual organisms. Case presentation A 52-year-old Chinese-American man was hospitalized with erythema and swelling of his right arm of 10?days’ duration after skin penetration by a catfish barb. An abscess of his right thumb had undergone incision and drainage, with purulent drainage sent for wound culture immediately prior to admission. Laboratory studies revealed elevated white blood count, sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein. The patient was treated with intravenous ampicillin-sulbactam and vancomycin during his hospitalization, and symptoms improved. Wound cultures obtained prior to presentation grew many Proteus vulgaris and Morganella morganii. He was subsequently discharged on a 10-day course of oral ciprofloxacin and amoxicillin-clavulanate. At a 12-month telephone follow-up, the patient denied developing further symptoms and reported that the wound had healed completely without complication. Conclusion Although envenomation and secondary infection are not uncommon sequelae of handling catfish, the present case is unique by virtue of the infecting organisms isolated. Given the prevalence of injury from catfish stings, a review of the literature is presented in order to provide recommendations for prevention and treatment of catfish envenomation.

2013-01-01

313

Étude des anomalies chromosomiques après radiothérapie chez des patients traités pour lymphome malin non-Hodgkinien  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Structural chromosome defects were evaluated in the lymphocytes of 30 patients (pts) who had undergone radiotherapy for non Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Twelve had received 20 Grays (Gy) over the abdomen (group I), 12 whole body irradiation at 1.5 Gy (group II) and 6 whole body irradiation at 15 Gy (group III). A cohort of 468 unirradiated pts served as controls. For the irradiated group, 7% of cells had aberrations compared to 0.4% in controls {P <10-6}. The frequency of abnormal cells was statistically higher in group I (12%) than in group II (3.5%) and III (2.5%) . In group I, frequency of aberrations was statistically higher in pts who had additionnal extra-abdominal involved field irradiation, those with evolutive NHL and those receiving chemotherapy at the time of the cytogenetic analysis. Les aberrations chromosomiques ont ,été, mesurées sur les lymphocytes de 30 patients (pts) irradiés pour lymphome malin non-hodgkinien (LNH) selon 3 modalités : 20 Grays (Gy) sur l'abdomen (groupe I : 12 pts), Irradiation corporelle totale 1,5 Gy (groupe II : 12 pts), ou 15 Gy (groupe III : 6 pts). Une population non irradiée de 468 pts a servi de témoin. Dans le groupe irradié, 7 % des cellules présentaient des anomalies contre 0,4 % dans le groupe témoin {P <10-6}. Les aberrations ,étaient statistiquement plus nombreuses dans le groupe I (12 % des cellules) que dans les groupes II (3,5 %) et III (2,5 %). Dans le groupe I, les anomalies , étaient statistiquement plus fréquentes chez les pts ayant eu une irradiation localisée extra-abdominale en complément de celle de l'abdomen ainsi que chez ceux en rechute de leur LNH et ceux recevant une chimiothérapie lors de l',étude cytogénétique.

Mahe, M. A.; André, M. J.; Moyon, E.; Le Mevel, A.; Soubeyran, P.; Hamidou, M.; Milpied, N.; Bourdin, S.; Cuillière, J. C.; Chatal, J. F.

1998-04-01

314

Two cases of cardiac device-related endocarditis due to Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (group C or G streptococci)  

PubMed Central

Background Cardiac device-related endocarditis is a very rare clinical manifestation of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis disease. This pathogen is a common cause of cellulitis. We here report two cases of cardiac device-related endocarditis due to Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis. Blood cultures yielded this pathogen and both patients had recurrent bacteremia. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography revealed lead vegetations. This is a new description of this pathogen to cause cardiac device-related endocarditis. Case presentation The first case is a 79-year-old finnish woman who received a dual-chamber pacemaker for intermittent complete heart block in April 2011. She had three episodes of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis bacteremia. During first episode she had arthritis of glenohumeral joint. Focus was unknown in the second and third bacteremic episodes. During third bacteremic episode transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) revealed lead vegetation. Patient underwent successful complete system removal. She was treated with benzylpenicillin four million IU six times a day for four weeks intravenously. The second case is a 92-year-old finnish man. A dual-chamber pacemaker was implanted on June 2012 due to total heart block. He had recurrent S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis bacteremia with cellulitis. During the second bacteremic episode transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed because of persistent fever. Echocardiography revealed lead vegetation. Abdominal CT revealed also an abscess in the psoas region. This elderly patient was very fragile, and the pacemaker system was not extracted. Therapy was continued with benzylpenicillin four million IU six times a day for six weeks intravenously and thereafter suppressive treatment with amoksisillin 500 mg three times a day was initiated. Conclusion Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (group C and G streptococci) seldom cause cardiac device endocarditis. Both patients had recurrent bacteremia of S. dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis and echocardiography revealed cardiac device-related endocarditis. These cases emphasize the importance of considering endocarditis in elderly persons having cardiac devices together with the presence of unexplained bacteremia, fever without focus or persistent fever.

2014-01-01

315

Évolution nycthémérale des composantes biochimiques du phytoplancton de la retenue du barrage Idriss premier (Fès, Maroc)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The diel changes of the biochemical composition of the phytoplankton were studied in the Idriss first reservoir (located on the Inaouen river at thirty Km from the city of Fes, Morrocco) during September 1994. Several biomass and metabolic indicators (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, chlorophyll a and primary production) were assessed every fourth hour over tow days (7, 8 and 9 September). Since the Protein/Carbohydrates ratio (P/C) is largely recognised as a good integrator of the metabolic functions of the cells, we examined its distribution pattern concomitantly with aforementioned parameters. The results demonstrated enhanced P/C ratios clearly indicating that nutrients were sufficiently available for growth. In addition, this index showed a diel significant variation with levels higher in the night than in the day. Moreover, these results suggest that phytoplankton species during the night used the day-synthesised carbohydrates to insure the cell metabolic functioning. The P/C presents relatively high values in proposition to the ones that have been recorded in temperate regions, and seems to be related to azotic inputs of the Inaouen river. Dans le but de parfaire nos connaissances sur le fonctionnement du sous écosystème phytoplancton, nous nous sommes intéressés à étudier son cycle nycthéméral et son métabolisme cellulaire dans la retenue du barrage Idriss premier. Cette dernière, construite sur l'Oued Inaouène, est située à une trentaine de Km de la ville de Fès. Au cours de ce cycle, les prélèvements ont été effectués selon une séquence temporelle de 4 heures pendant 48 heures, les 7, 8 et 9 septembre 1994. L'étude de l'évolution des composantes biochimiques des cellules phytoplanctoniques à savoir les protéines, les glucides et les lipides a permis de mettre en évidence des variations nycthémérales importantes. Ces variations sont d'autant plus importantes que les variations spatiales observées entre les profondeurs. De plus, le rapport protéines/glucides (P/G), reconnu comme un bon indicateur de l'état physiologique des algues, présente des valeurs plus élevées la nuit que le jour au niveau du fond du lac. Ce résultat suggère que le phytoplancton utilise les produits de réserve synthétisés le jour pour assurer le fonctionnement métabolique des cellules. De plus, les valeurs de ce rapport sont relativement élevées par rapport à celle enregistrées dans les régions tempérés et semblent être liées aux ressources azotées du milieu en particulier les apports de l'Oued Inaouène.

Bahhou, J.; Alaoui Mhamdi, M.

1999-03-01

316

A Study on the Acute Kidney Injury in Snake Bite Victims in A Tertiary Care Centre  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Snake bite is a common medical emergency and an occupational hazard, more so in tropical India, where farming is a major source of employment. Viper bites are more common than other poisonous snakebites in humans. The World Health Organization has estimated that there are approximately 1,25,000 deaths among 2,50,000 poisonous snake bites worldwide every year, of which India accounts for 10,000 deaths. Acute kidney Injury (AKI) is an important consequence of a snake bite and its proper supportive management after the anti-venom administration is of utmost importance, for a good patient outcome. Aims and Objectives: 1. To assess the risk factors and the prognostic factors in snake-bite induced Acute Kidney Injury.2. To determine the outcome of snake bite patients with AKI in a tertiary care centre in Karnataka, India. Methodology: This prospective study was carried out at Vijaynagar Institute of Medical Sciences, Bellary, Karnataka, India. This institute is a referral government hospital in north Karnataka, India. Study Design: This was a prospective and descriptive type of study. Results: A total of 246 cases of venomous snakebite were included in this study, who were admitted in the hospital from November 2007 to October 2008. Among the AKI and the non-AKI patients, Illiteracy was more among the patients who suffered from AKI (75%). In our study, among all the patients (both AKI and non-AKI patients), viper bite was the commonest and it was seen in 31(91.6%) cases among the AKI patients and in 142 (67.6%) cases among the non-AKI patients. In our study, a majority of the patients who developed AKI had initially visited traditional healers before visiting our hospital, which was found to be statistically significant. In the present study, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and intravascular haemolysis were found to be predominant among the AKI patients. The “Bite to Needle” time was significantly more in the patients who developed AKI as compared to that in those who developed non-AKI. Out of 36 patients who suffered from AKI, 28 (77.7%) patients survived. Among them, 27(96.7%) patients developed cellulitis, 25(89.5%) had regional lymphadenopathy, 22(81.2%) were bitten at their lower limbs, and 6 (23.8%) patients developed bleeding manifestations. Conclusion: This study concludes that acute kidney injury occurs in 14.6% of the victims of snake bite. The common manifestations include cellulitis, bleeding manifestations and gangrene at the site of the bite.

L, Harshavardhan; A J, Lokesh; H L, Tejeshwari; B R, Halesha; Metri, Siddharama S

2013-01-01

317

An atlas of the morphological manifestations of hidradenitis suppurativa.  

PubMed

This article is dermatological atlas of the morphologic presentations of Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS). It includes: superficial abscesses (boils, furnucles, carbuncles), abscesses that are subcutaneous and suprafascial, pyogenic granulomas, cysts, painful erythematous papules and plaques, folliculitis, open ulcerations, chronic sinuses, fistulas, sinus tracts, scrotal and genital lyphedema, dermal contractures, keloids (some that are still pitted with follicular ostia), scarring, skin tags, fibrosis, anal fissures, fistulas (i.e. circinate, linear, arcuate), scarring folliculitis of the buttocks (from mild to cigarette-like scarring), condyloma like lesions in intertrigous areas, fishmouth scars, acne inversa, honey-comb scarring, cribiform scarring, tombstone comedones, and morphia-like plaques. HS can co-exist with other follicular diseases such as pilonidal cysts, dissecting cellulitis, acne conglobata, pyoderma gangrenosum, and acanthosis nigricans. In sum, the variety of presentations of HS as shown by these images supports the supposition that HS is a reaction pattern.HS is a follicular based diseased and its manifestations involve a multitude of follicular pathologies [1,2]. It is also known as acne inversa (AI) because of one manifestation that involves the formation of open comedones on areas besides the face. It is as yet unclear why HS is so protean in its manifestations. HS severity is assessed using the Hurley Staging System (Table 1). It also remains unclear why hidradentitis may remain limited to Hurley Stage 1, evolve to the more confluent (Hurley Stage 2), or progress even further to the fully confluent (Hurley Stage 3).In addition, HS can be associated with other follicular based diseases such as pilonidal cysts (PCs) of the sacrum and buttocks, dissecting cellulitis (DC), and acne conglobata (AC), which usually involves the face, chest, When HS occurs with PCs, DC, and/or AC it is referred to as the follicular occlusion triad or tetrad [2]. HS can more rarely be associated with pyoderma gagrenosum (PG) or Crohn disease (CD), other inflammatory diseases of the skin that are not follicular. The reason for this is unclear [2]. What AC, DC, HS, CD, and PG share is that they occur in bacterially rich environments. HS probably occurs with acanthosis nigricans because many HS patients are obese [2]. This concurrence seems under reported. PMID:24746309

Scheinfeld, Noah

2014-01-01

318

Management of Ludwig's Angina in Pregnancy: A Review of 10 Cases  

PubMed Central

Background: Ludwig's angina is a rapidly spreading cellulitis that may produce upper airway obstruction often leading to death. Aim: The present paper reviews the management of Ludwig's angina in the third trimester of pregnancy. The inherent dangers to the mother and her unborn child are highlighted. Materials and Methods: The case files of pregnant patients who had emergent incision and drainage for life-threatening facial cellulitis at the maxillofacial unit of the Murtala Mohammed Specialist Hospital in Kano, Nigeria, over a 2 year period were retrieved and demographic and clinical characteristics were retrospectively obtained and analyzed descriptively using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS version 13.0, for Windows, September 2004, Chicago, Illinois). Comparative statistics were determined using Pearson's Chi-square, Fisher's exact tests and independent t tests as appropriate. A P value of less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: A total of 10 patients were seen within the study period, age ranges from 23 to 40 years, mean 29.5 (5.3) years. Majority of the women were in their third decade [60% (6/10)] while the remaining 40% (4/10) were in their fourth decade of life. Two of the patients presented within the period of less than 1 week of onset of symptoms while those who presented within the periods of 1-2 weeks and periods of over 2 weeks accounted for 50% (5/10) and 30% (3/10) respectively. All the patients presented during the third trimester of their pregnancy and odontogenic infections were responsible for 80% (8/10) of the Ludwig's angina. There were 20% mortality among the patients and this was significant for those with underlying systemic conditions (P = 0.02). The time of presentation was not significant for the survival rate of the gravid patient (P = 0.36) but was significant for survival of the fetus (P = 0.01). Conclusion: During a life-threatening infectious situation such as Ludwig's angina, risks of maternal and fetal morbidity include both septicemia and asphyxia. Attending clinicians must consider the risks that the condition and the possible treatments may cause the mother and her unborn child.

Osunde, OD; Bassey, GO; Ver-or, N

2014-01-01

319

Effect of Allium cepa and Allium sativum on some immunological cells in rats.  

PubMed

Extracts of some spices have been reported to play a contributory role in enhancing immune function. We evaluated and compared the effect(s) of single and combined oral administration of fresh aqueous onion (Allium cepa) and garlic (Allium sativum) extracts at different concentrations on some immunological determinants in rats. CD? cells of the rats were estimated using Partec flow cytometric technique, while total and differential white blood cell (WBC) counts were estimated using the Sysmsex® automated haematology analyzing technique. Our findings revealed that, CD4 and total WBC counts were significantly increased (P?0.05) in a dose-dependent manner in both onion (250mg/Kg/d: 349±11cell/ul and 2.75±0.15X10³cell/l; 500mg/Kg/d: 389±10cells/µl and 3.05±0.05 X10³cell/l; 750mg/Kg/d: 600±11cell/µl and 3.25±0.05X10³cells/l) and garlic (250mg/Kg/d: 410±10cell/ul and 2.85±0.15X10³cell/l; 500mg/Kg/d: 494±32cells/µl and 3.30±0.10 X10³cell/l; 750mg/Kg/d: 684±11cell/µl and 3.55±0.05X10³cells/l) treated rats when compared to the zero control (200±11cells/µl and 1.55±0.05X10³cells/l, respectively). Extract of garlic at 750mg/Kg/d had significantly increased the CD4 cells and total white cell count when compared to other concentrations (P?0.05). However, no significant effect was observed on these parameters when extracts were combined (250mg/Kg/d: 252±21cell/µl and 1.80±0.10X10³cells/l; 500mg/Kg/d: 315±21cells/ul and 2.10±0.10X10³cells/l; 750mg/Kg/d: 368±10cells/µl and 2.35±0.05X10³cells/l, respectively), the differential WBC count showed a significant increase in the proportion of cell types (lymphocytes, neutophils and monocytes) (P?0.05). The results from this study revealed the immune boosting capabilities of Allium cepa and Allium sativum, but underscored their synergistic activities. PMID:23983369

Mirabeau, Tatfeng Y; Samson, Enitan S

2012-01-01

320

Defining parasite biodiversity at high latitudes of North America: new host and geographic records for Onchocerca cervipedis (Nematoda: Onchocercidae) in moose and caribou  

PubMed Central

Background Onchocerca cervipedis is a filarioid nematode of cervids reported from Central America to boreal regions of North America. It is found primarily in subcutaneous tissues of the legs, and is more commonly known as ‘legworm’. Blackflies are intermediate hosts and transmit larvae to ungulates when they blood-feed. In this article we report the first records of O. cervipedis from high latitudes of North America and its occurrence in previously unrecognized host subspecies including the Yukon-Alaska moose (Alces americanus gigas) and the Grant’s caribou (Rangifer tarandus granti). Methods We examined the subcutaneous connective tissues of the metacarpi and/or metatarsi of 34 moose and one caribou for parasitic lesions. Samples were collected from animals killed by subsistence hunters or animals found dead in the Northwest Territories (NT), Canada and Alaska (AK), USA from 2005 to 2012. Genomic DNA lysate was prepared from nematode fragments collected from two moose. The nd5 region of the mitochondrial DNA was amplified by PCR and sequenced. Results Subcutaneous nodules were found in 12 moose from the NT and AK, and one caribou from AK. Nematodes dissected from the lesions were identified as Onchocerca cervipedis based on morphology of female and male specimens. Histopathological findings in moose included cavitating lesions with multifocal granulomatous cellulitis containing intralesional microfilariae and adults, often necrotic and partially mineralized. Lesions in the caribou included periosteitis with chronic cellulitis, eosinophilic and lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, and abundant granulation associated with intralesional adult nematodes and larvae. Sequences of the nd5 region (471bp), the first generated for this species, were deposited with Genbank (JN580791 and JN580792). Representative voucher specimens were deposited in the archives of the United States National Parasite Collection. Conclusions The geographic range of O. cervipedis is broader than previously thought, and extends into subarctic regions of western North America, at least to latitude 66°N. The host range is now recognized to include two additional subspecies: the Yukon-Alaska moose and Grant’s caribou. Accelerated climate change at high latitudes may affect vector dynamics, and consequently the abundance and distribution of O. cervipedis in moose and caribou. Disease outbreaks and mortality events associated with climatic perturbations have been reported for other filarioids, such as Setaria tundra in Fennoscandia, and may become an emerging issue for O. cervipedis in subarctic North America.

2012-01-01

321

Erratum: Imaging InlC Secretion to Investigate Cellular Infection by the Bacterial Pathogen Listeria monocytogenes.  

PubMed

A correction was made to Imaging InlC Secretion to Investigate Cellular Infection by the Bacterial Pathogen Listeria monocytogenes. Three authors were omitted from the article at the time of publication. The acknowledgments section was also updated. The author list has been updated from: Andreas Kühbacher(1,2,3), Edith Gouin(1,2,3), Pascale Cossart(1,2,3), Javier Pizarro-Cerdá(1,2,3) (1)Unité des Interactions Bactéries Cellules, Pasteur Institute, (2)INSERM U604, (3)Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), USC2020 to Andreas Kühbacher(1,2,3), Edith Gouin(1,2,3), Jason Mercer(4), Mario Emmenlauer(5), Christoph Dehio(5), Pascale Cossart(1,2,3), Javier Pizarro-Cerdá(1,2,3) (1)Unité des Interactions Bactéries Cellules, Pasteur Institute,(2)INSERM U604, (3)Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), USC2020, (4)Institute of Biochemistry, ETH Zürich (5)Focal Area Infection Biology, Biozentrum, University of Basel The acknowledgments where update from: Research in P. Cossart laboratory is supported by the Pasteur Institute, the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, ERC Advanced Grant (233348), the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (Grant MIE-SignRupVac), the Louis-Jeantet Foundation and the Fondation Le Roch Les Mousquetaires. A.K. is a recipient of a scholarship from the Pasteur-Paris University International Doctoral Program/Institut Carnot Maladies Infectieuses. We thank Jason Mercer for optimizing the cellular transfection protocol. to Research in P. Cossart laboratory is supported by the Pasteur Institute, the Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, ERC Advanced Grant (233348), the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (Grant MIE-SignRupVac), the Louis-Jeantet Foundation and the Fondation Le Roch Les Mousquetaires. A.K. is a recipient of a scholarship from the Pasteur-Paris University International Doctoral Program/Institut Carnot Maladies Infectieuses. We acknowledge support by grant 51RT 0_126008 for the Research and Technology Development (RTD) project InfectX in the frame of SystemsX.ch, the Swiss Initiative for Systems Biology (to C.D.). PMID:25045998

2014-01-01

322

Diagnosis of Rhodococcus equi infection in foals by the agar gel diffusion test with protein antigen.  

PubMed

A protein antigen that reacted in the agar gel diffusion (AGD) test and which had equi factor(s) activity, was partially purified from the culture supernatant of Rhodococcus equi by successive column chromatography on diethylaminoethyl cellulose and Sepharose 4B. Employing a standard foal serum, the concentration of this antigen was adjusted for the AGD test. Optimal dilutions of the antigen reacted in the AGD test with sera from foals naturally infected with serologically different R. equi. The antigen prepared was considered suitable for use in field surveys of R. equi infection. Accordingly, four groups of sera were tested: those from 18 foals diagnosed as being infected with R. equi, those from 54 control foals with culture-negative R. equi pneumonia, arthritis or cellulitis, those from 46 diseased foals suspected of having R. equi infection and those from 51 clinically normal foals. A positive precipitation reaction was observed with sera from 100% of the first group, 69.5% of the third group and 17.7% of the fourth group. A negative reaction was obtained with sera from 100% of the second group. PMID:3125665

Nakazawa, M; Isayama, Y; Kashiwazaki, M; Yasui, T

1987-10-01

323

Detection of teichoic acid antibodies in Staphylococcus aureus infections.  

PubMed

A commercially available agar gel diffusion (AGD) assay was used to investigate the teichoic acid antibody (TAA) response in 183 patients with proven Staphylococcus aureus (SA) infections. Two control groups were also investigated. One consisted of 100 hospitalized patients with a variety of medical and surgical conditions other than SA infection and the other consisted of 116 healthy hospital staff members. The sensitivity of the AGD assay varied markedly depending on the site of infection in the patients with proven SA infections. All patients with SA endocarditis developed positive TAA titres (greater than or equal to 1:4), although more than one third of these were initially negative. In patients with chronic osteomyelitis or septic arthritis, 41% had positive TAA titres, whereas no positive titres were detected in patients with acute osteomyelitis or septic arthritis. Lower rates of positive TAA titres were found in patients with deep abscesses (27%), pneumonia (14%) and post-operative infections (9%), but no positive titres occurred in patients with acute uncomplicated bacteremia, cellulitis or meningitis. In 100 hospitalized control patients, no positive titres were detected, and only 1 of 116 (0.9%) healthy hospital staff controls was positive. Suggested guidelines for the use of the AGD assay are discussed. PMID:1641254

Wise, K A; Tosolini, F A

1992-04-01

324

Shewanella infection in decompensated liver disease: a septic case.  

PubMed

Shewanella species are an unusual cause of disease in humans. However, reports of Shewanella infections have been increasing, and hepatobiliary disease has been proposed as a predisposing factor following a critical course. We report the first Japanese septic case of decompensated liver disease in which this bacterium acted as a definite pathogen. A 67-year-old Japanese man with primary sclerosing cholangitis was admitted to our hospital complaining of fever, general fatigue, pain, and a rash on the lower left extremity. He was tentatively diagnosed with necrotizing fasciitis caused by Vibrio vulnificus because of his decompensated cirrhotic liver and history of consuming raw fish. Thereafter, the diagnosis was altered to cellulitis and Shewanella septicemia on the basis of the characteristics of his skin lesion and an arterial blood culture. He died of multiple organ failure on the eleventh day in the hospital. Since several reports have demonstrated that Shewanella can cause lethal sepsis in patients with hepatobiliary disease, we should be aware of the pathogenicity of this bacterium. PMID:17322999

Otsuka, Taiga; Noda, Takahiro; Noguchi, Akinori; Nakamura, Haruki; Ibaraki, Kazuo; Yamaoka, Kotaro

2007-01-01

325

NCCAM/NCI Phase 1 Study of Mistletoe Extract and Gemcitabine in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors  

PubMed Central

Purpose. European Mistletoe (Viscum album L.) extracts (mistletoe) are commonly used for cancer treatment in Europe. This phase I study of gemcitabine (GEM) and mistletoe in advanced solid cancers (ASC) evaluated: (1) safety, toxicity, and maximum tolerated dose (MTD), (2) absolute neutrophil count (ANC) recovery, (3) formation of mistletoe lectin antibodies (ML ab), (4) cytokine plasma concentrations, (5) clinical response, and (6) pharmacokinetics of GEM. Methods. Design: increasing mistletoe and fixed GEM dose in stage I and increasing doses of GEM with a fixed dose of mistletoe in stage II. Dose limiting toxicities (DLT) were grade (G) 3 nonhematologic and G4 hematologic events; MTD was reached with 2 DLTs in one dosage level. Response in stage IV ASC was assessed with descriptive statistics. Statistical analyses examined clinical response/survival and ANC recovery. Results. DLTs were G4 neutropenia, G4 thrombocytopenia, G4 acute renal failure, and G3 cellulitis, attributed to mistletoe. GEM 1380?mg/m2 and mistletoe 250?mg combined were the MTD. Of 44 patients, 24 developed nonneutropenic fever and flu-like syndrome. GEM pharmacokinetics were unaffected by mistletoe. All patients developed ML3 IgG antibodies. ANC showed a trend to increase between baseline and cycle 2 in stage I dose escalation. 6% of patients showed partial response, 42% stable disease. Median survival was 200 days. Compliance with mistletoe injections was high. Conclusion. GEM plus mistletoe is well tolerated. No botanical/drug interactions were observed. Clinical response is similar to GEM alone.

Mansky, Patrick J.; Sannes, Timothy S.; Johnson, Laura Lee; Blackman, Marc R.; Grem, Jean L.; Swain, Sandra M.; Monahan, Brian P.

2013-01-01

326

Increased Pho regulon activation correlates with decreased virulence of an avian pathogenic Escherichia coli O78 strain.  

PubMed

Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) strains are associated with respiratory infections, septicemia, cellulitis, peritonitis, and other conditions, since colibacillosis manifests in many ways. The Pho regulon is jointly controlled by the two-component regulatory system PhoBR and by the phosphate-specific transport (Pst) system. To determine the specific roles of the PhoBR regulon and the Pst system in the pathogenesis of the APEC O78 strain ?7122, different phoBR and pst mutant strains were tested in vivo in chickens and in vitro for virulence traits. Mutations resulting in constitutive activation of the Pho regulon rendered strains more sensitive than the wild type to hydrogen peroxide and to the bactericidal effects of rabbit serum. In addition, production of type 1 fimbriae was also impaired in these strains. Using a chicken competitive infection model, all PhoB constitutive mutants were outcompeted by the wild-type parent, including strains containing a functional Pst system. Cumulative inactivation of the Pst system and the PhoB regulator resulted in a restoration of virulence. In addition, loss of the PhoB regulator alone did not affect virulence in the chicken infection model. Interestingly, the level of attenuation of the mutant strains correlated directly with the level of activation of the Pho regulon. Overall, results indicate that activation of the Pho regulon rather than phosphate transport by the Pst system plays a major role in the attenuation of the APEC O78 strain ?7122. PMID:20921144

Bertrand, Nicolas; Houle, Sébastien; LeBihan, Guillaume; Poirier, Édith; Dozois, Charles M; Harel, Josée

2010-12-01

327

Laser X-UV en schéma collisionnel OFI à 41,8 nm créé dans des tubes capillaires  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nous présentons les résultats expérimentaux et théoriques obtenus sur le laser X-UV à 41,8?nm créé en schéma collisisonnel à ionisation par champ optique dans des tubes capillaires. Une étude détaillée a été menée dans le but de comprendre les effets liés au guidage. Le plasma amplificateur est créé dans un tube capillaire de quelques cm de long. L'émission X-UV maximum est obtenue en fonctionnant en régime de guidage multimode dans un tube capillaire de 25?mm de long. Le signal X-UV mesuré est 3 fois plus élevé que celui observé dans une cellule de gaz et la divergence du faisceau est réduite d'un facteur3. Un code numérique, baptisé COFIXE, est en développement pour calculer le signal X-UV émis par le plasma amplificateur. Il inclut le calcul de la propagation du faisceau pompe, de l'état du plasma juste après l'interaction avec le faisceau pompe, le calcul de l'évolution des propriétés locales du plasma pendant les quelques ps suivantes ainsi que le calcul de l'amplification et du transport de l'émission X-UV. Un très bon accord a été obtenu entre les résultats expérimentaux et les résultats théoriques pour plusieurs caractéristiques telles la divergence du faisceau, la corrélation entre la transmission du faisceau pompe guidé et l'énergie du signal X-UV, ainsi que l'amélioration apportée par le guidage.

Vieux, G.; Cros, B.; Maynard, G.; Mocek, T.; Bettaibi, I.; Farinet, M.; Dubau, J.

2006-12-01

328

Imaging findings in mandibular primitive neuroectodermal tumour: a report of a rare case and review of the literature  

PubMed Central

Primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNETs) are aggressive undifferentiated tumours that occur mainly in the central nervous system (CNS). Reviewing the literature, only six cases of primary PNET of the mandible have been reported. These rare tumours are usually overlooked in clinical practice. An 18-year-old woman who presented with dental caries and left cheek swelling was initially diagnosed with facial cellulitis, but the swelling persisted despite adequate intravenous antibiotic therapy. Subsequent ultrasound and MR examinations revealed a tumour originating from the left mandibular ramus. The ultrasonography-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of peripheral PNET. The radiographic features of mandibular PNETs are similar to those of PNETs in other regions, except for haemorrhage, necrosis and calcification. In addition, this is the first reported case with sonographic and MR images of this rare tumour, and the first case that was diagnosed based on the ultrasonography-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy. Using these image characteristics, mandibular PNETs can be diagnosed more accurately.

Yeh, C H; Yeow, K M; Chu, S Y; Pan, K T; Hung, C F; Hsueh, S; Su, I H

2011-01-01

329

Follicular and scarring disorders in skin of color: presentation and management.  

PubMed

Skin of color, also known as ethnic skin, is described as skin of individuals of African, Asian, Hispanic, Native-American, Middle Eastern, and Pacific Island backgrounds. Differences in hair morphology, hair grooming, cultural practices, and susceptibility to keloid scarring exist within these populations and have been implicated in hair, scalp, and skin disorders. Acne keloidalis (AK), central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia (CCCA), dissecting cellulitis of the scalp (DCS), pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB), traction alopecia (TA), and keloids are the most prevalent follicular and scarring disorders in skin of color. They have been associated with disfigurement, permanent hair loss, emotional distress, and decreased quality of life. Hair grooming practices, such as the use of chemical relaxers, heat straightening, and tight braiding and weaving can cause scalp irritation and follicular damage and are linked to the pathogenesis of some of these conditions. Consequently, patient education and behavior modifications are integral to the prevention and management of these disorders. Scarring disorders are also of concern in ethnic populations. Keloid scarring is more prevalent in individuals of African, Asian, and Hispanic descent. The scarring alopecia CCCA is almost exclusively seen in patients of African descent. Therapeutic regimens such as intralesional corticosteroids, surgical excision, and laser therapy can be effective for these follicular and scarring disorders, but carry a risk of dyspigmentation and keloid scarring. Ethnic skin and hair may present unique challenges to the clinician, and knowledge of these differences is essential to providing quality care. PMID:24820821

Madu, Pamela; Kundu, Roopal V

2014-08-01

330

Invasive infections due to Streptococcus pyogenes: seasonal variation of severity and clinical characteristics, Iceland, 1975 to 2012.  

PubMed

Epidemiology and clinical characteristics of invasive Group A streptococcal infections (IGASI) are highly variable. Long-term studies are needed to understand the interplay between epidemiology and virulence. In a population-based study of IGASI in Iceland from 1975 to 2012, 288 cases were identified by positive cultures from normally sterile body sites. Charts were reviewed retrospectively and emm-types of viable Streptococcus pyogenes isolates (n=226) determined. Comparing the first and last decade of the study period, IGASI incidence increased from 1.09 to 3.96 cases per 100,000 inhabitants per year. The most common were emm types 1 (25%), 28 (11%) and 89 (11%); emm1 strains were most likely to cause severe infections. Infections in adults were significantly more likely to be severe during the seasonal peak from January to April (risk ratio: 2.36, 95% confidence interval: 1.34–4.15). Significant seasonal variability in severity was noted among patients with diagnosis of sepsis, respiratory infection and cellulitis, with 38% of severe infections in January to April compared with 16% in other months (p<0.01). A seasonal increase in severity of IGASI suggested that generalised seasonal increase in host susceptibility, rather than introduction of more virulent strains may play a role in the pathogenesis of these potentially fatal infections. PMID:24821122

Olafsdottir, L B; Erlendsdóttir, H; Melo-Cristino, J; Weinberger, D M; Ramirez, M; Kristinsson, K G; Gottfredsson, M

2014-01-01

331

Emergency incisional hernia repair: a difficult problem waiting for a solution  

PubMed Central

Background Emergency repair of incarcerated incisional hernia with associated bowel obstruction in potentially or contaminated field is technically challenging due to edematous, inflamed and friable tissues with occasional need for concurrent bowel resection and carries high rates of post-operative infectious complications. The aim of this study was to retrospectively assess the wound related morbidity of use of permanent prosthetic mesh in emergency repair of incarcerated incisional hernia with associated bowel obstruction. We also describe a new technique of leaving the mesh exposed to heal by secondary intention with granulation tissue. Methods Between 2000 and 2010 a total of 60 patients underwent emergency surgery for incarcerated incisional hernia with associated bowel obstruction with placement of permanent prosthetic mesh. The wound was closed after hernia repair in 55 patients while it was left open to granulate in 5 patients. Results In the group of patients with primary wound closure, 11 patients developed superficial surgical site infection, 5 developed deep wound infection and one patient had cellulitis. These patients were treated with wound debridement and antibiotics. Mesh removal was required in one patient. There were no infections in the group of patients who had their surgical wounds left open. One patient in this group died on the fifth postoperative day from septicemia. Conclusion Use of permanent prosthetic mesh in emergency repair of incarcerated incisional hernia with associated bowel obstruction. in contaminated field is associated with high risk of wound infection.

2012-01-01

332

Cogan's syndrome associated with orbital inflammation.  

PubMed

Cogan's syndrome is a relatively rare inflammatory disorder presenting with a combination of ocular and vestibuloauditory symptoms. The first cases were described by David Cogan in 1945. Typically the ocular signs involve the anterior segment; however there are no descriptions of orbital inflammation associated with Cogan's syndrome. We describe such a case. A 66-year-old immunosuppressed male patient with known Cogan's syndrome presented to the eye department with right-sided proptosis, chemosis and ocular injection. Ocular motility was reduced. Other than Cogan's syndrome there were no other systemic disorders. Medical treatment included: Azathioprine 125 mg/day and low dose Tab Prednisolone 30 mg/day. A provisional diagnosis of orbital cellulitis was made and intravenous antibiotics started. Blood investigations showed raised CRP levels 475 mg/L and raised WCC (24 × 10(9)/l). An urgent CT scan of the head and orbits ruled out orbital cellulititis. The diagnosis was revised and the patient was treated for orbital inflammatory disease. Pulsed intravenous methlyprednisolone was commenced and oral steroids were increased to 60 mg/day, the Azathioprine was continued. Over the following week, the proptosis had resolved, and oral steroids were reduced back to the maintenance dose. To our knowledge this is the first description of orbital inflammatory disease associated with Cogan's syndrome. PMID:23617562

Shahid, Fatema Lucy; Mukherjee, Rita; Knapp, Christopher

2013-06-01

333

Shewanella algae: A Rare Cause of Necrotizing Fasciitis.  

PubMed

Abstract Background: The genus Shewanella consists of motile, gram-negative, facultative anaerobes found in marine environments. Shewanella putrefaciens and Shewanella algae are the two species with documented pathogenicity in human beings. Most documented cases of S. algae infection worldwide have been reported in the context of bacteremia, cellulitis, and acute exacerbations of chronic otitis media in predisposed individuals. We report a rare case of necrotizing soft tissue infection by S. algae in an immunocompetent individual. The infection followed exposure to S. algae in contaminated water in New York City, New York. Methods: We reviewed the English-language literature on similar cases of soft tissue infection using PubMed. Search terms included "Shewanella algae" and "Shewanella putrefaciens" in conjunction with "necrotizing" and "infection." Cognizant that this search method may not have yielded early (pre-1985) reports about Shewanella because of changes in classification and nomenclature, we also searched for "Pseudomonas putrefaciens." Results: After prompt surgical debridement and culture-directed antibiotic therapy, the patient recovered from his infection without the need for re-intervention. Conclusions: This case may reflect the geographic spread and emergence of S. algae infection in the United States. Clinicians should be aware of the virulence of S. algae and potential for the rapid clinical deterioration of persons it infects even among immunocompetent individuals. PMID:24116855

Ananth, Aditi L; Nassiri, Naiem; Pamoukian, Vicken N

2014-06-01

334

Elephantiasis nostras verrucosa in a patient with systemic sclerosis.  

PubMed

Elephantiasis nostras verrucosa (ENV) is an unusual skin condition characterized by dermal fibrosis and hyperkeratotic verrucous lesions resulting from chronic nonfilarial lymphoedema. The condition is similar to 'elephantiasis tropica', in which elephantiasis develops secondary to filariasis. Lymphatic obstruction can be primary or due to various causes such as surgery, tumour, radiation, congestive heart failure or obesity. Recurrent attacks of cellulitis lead to further impairment of lymphatic drainage, causing permanent swelling, dermal fibrosis and epidermal thickening. We report a case of a 56-year-old man with systemic sclerosis (SS), who presented with painful lesions on both legs, consistent with ENV. He developed extensive, fungating, papillomatous lesions on the skin of the legs, toes and dorsa of the feet over a period of 3 years. Histology revealed dense dermal fibrosis, oedema of the papillary dermis and extensive pseudo-epitheliomatous changes. To our knowledge, this is the first report of ENV in which SS was considered to be the primary cause for the impairment of lymphatic flow. PMID:20055839

Chatterjee, S; Karai, L J

2009-12-01

335

Outpatient parenteral antibiotic therapy: principles and practice.  

PubMed

Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) refers to the administration of a parenteral antimicrobial in a non inpatient or ambulatory setting with the explicit aim of facilitating admission avoidance or early discharge. Whilst OPAT has predominantly been the domain of the infection specialist, the internal medicine specialist has a key role in service development and delivery as a component of broader ambulatory care initiatives such as "hospital at home". Main drivers for OPAT are patient welfare, reduction of risk of health care associated infection and cost-effective use of hospital resources. The safe practice of OPAT is dependent on a team approach with careful patient selection and antimicrobial management with programmed and adaptable clinical monitoring and assessment of outcome. Gram-positive infections, including cellulitis, bone and joint infection, bacteraemia and endocarditis are key infections potentially amenable to OPAT whilst resistant Gram-negative infections are of increasing importance. Ceftriaxone, teicoplanin, daptomycin and ertapenem lend themselves well to OPAT due to daily (or less frequent) bolus administration, although any antimicrobial may be administered if the patient is trained to administer and/or an appropriate infusion device is employed. Clinical experience from NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde is presented to illustrate the key principles of OPAT as practised in the UK. Increasingly complex patients with multiple medical needs, the relative scarcity of inpatient resources and the broader challenge of ambulatory care and "hospital at home" will ensure the internal medicine specialist will have a key role in the future development of OPAT. PMID:23602223

Seaton, R A; Barr, D A

2013-10-01

336

Early Presentation of Heterotopic Ossification Mimicking Pyomyositis - Two Case Reports -  

PubMed Central

Early diagnosis and treatment of heterotopic ossification (HO) is essential to the prevention of complications. It is difficult to diagnose HO in its initial phase because non-specific clinical manifestations, laboratory findings and imaging findings of immature HO may mimic other diseases such as cellulitis, osteomyelitis, thrombophlebitis, deep vein thrombosis and local infection with abscess. We experienced two cases of HO, which were misdiagnosed as pyomyositis at first by clinical signs and MRI findings indicating the deep infection; the extensive intramuscular ossification appeared later on. We observed an increase of C-reactive protein and creatine kinase followed by the elevation of alkaline phosphatase with abnormal triphasic bone scan. The trajectory of these biomarkers was analyzed to get more insight into the early stages of HO along with the imaging findings. Although our cases cannot be generalized as typical of immature HO, they clearly demonstrate that the change of specific biomarkers with a careful history taking and physical examination should be noted to detect HO as early as possible while avoiding confusion with other mimicking conditions.

Choi, Yoon-Hee; Kim, Kyoung-Eun; Lim, Sung-Hoon

2012-01-01

337

Complications of nephrotic syndrome  

PubMed Central

Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is one of the most common glomerular diseases that affect children. Renal histology reveals the presence of minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) in more than 80% of these patients. Most patients with MCNS have favorable outcomes without complications. However, a few of these children have lesions of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, suffer from severe and prolonged proteinuria, and are at high risk for complications. Complications of NS are divided into two categories: disease-associated and drug-related complications. Disease-associated complications include infections (e.g., peritonitis, sepsis, cellulitis, and chicken pox), thromboembolism (e.g., venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism), hypovolemic crisis (e.g., abdominal pain, tachycardia, and hypotension), cardiovascular problems (e.g., hyperlipidemia), acute renal failure, anemia, and others (e.g., hypothyroidism, hypocalcemia, bone disease, and intussusception). The main pathomechanism of disease-associated complications originates from the large loss of plasma proteins in the urine of nephrotic children. The majority of children with MCNS who respond to treatment with corticosteroids or cytotoxic agents have smaller and milder complications than those with steroid-resistant NS. Corticosteroids, alkylating agents, cyclosporin A, and mycophenolate mofetil have often been used to treat NS, and these drugs have treatment-related complications. Early detection and appropriate treatment of these complications will improve outcomes for patients with NS.

Park, Se Jin

2011-01-01

338

Comparison of VITEK2, MALDI-TOF MS, and 16S rDNA sequencing for identification of Myroides odoratus and Myroides odoratimimus.  

PubMed

The genus Myroides comprises the 2 medically relevant species Myroides odoratus and Myroides odoratimimus that are rare opportunistic pathogens and cause infections in immunocompromised patients. A fast identification of Myroides is of importance because these bacterial strains show multiple resistance against antibiotics and therefore limit treatment options. They are associated, for instance, with urinary tract infections, sepsis, meningitis, pneumonia, and infectious cellulitis. Since more and more Myroides spp. are being described, additional potentially pathogenic bacteria may be identified in the future demanding the need for fast and reliable identification methods at species level. However, to date, only molecular approaches meet these demands. In this study, we, therefore, attempt to define an appropriate method other than DNA fingerprinting that will permit a comparable efficacy and, possibly, a more economical strain identification. For this purpose, we compared 2 widely used automated diagnostic systems (VITEK 2 [bioMérieux, Nürtingen, Germany] and Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) [Bruker Daltonics, Bremen, Germany]) and correlated the results to 16S rDNA sequencing data. In total, we analyzed 22 strains collected in the course of routine diagnostics. In this study, we demonstrate that VITEK 2 reliably identifies the genus Myroides but cannot differentiate between M. odoratimimus and M. odoratus. In contrast to this, both MALDI-TOF MS and 16S rDNA sequencing efficiently distinguish between the 2 species. PMID:24666701

Schröttner, Percy; Rudolph, Wolfram W; Eing, Bodo R; Bertram, Sebastian; Gunzer, Florian

2014-06-01

339

Modélisation d'un transformateur à shunts magnétiques utilisé dans l'alimentation H.T. d'un générateur micro-ondes à magnétron  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The high voltage power supply for magnetron, used for the modular microwave generators in industrial applications, is of a classical design : a single phase leakage flux transformer supplying a cell, composed of a capacitor and a diode, which multiplies the voltage and stabilizes the current. A ? model of this transformer is developed, taking the saturation phenomena and the stabilization process of the magnetron current into account. Three inductances are characterized by the non linear relations between flux and magnetizing current. This model was tested by E.M.T.P. software (Electro-Magnetic Transients Program), near the nominal state. The theoretical results were compared to experimental measurements with a good agreement. L'alimentation haute tension des magnétrons, utilisés comme source d'énergie microondes dans l'industrie, est de conception classique : un transformateur monophasé à fuites magnétiques alimentant une cellule doubleuse de tension et stabilisatrice de courant. Un schéma équivalent en ? du transformateur est présenté, prenant en compte la saturation des différentes parties du fer et la stabilisation du courant du magnétron. Trois inductances sont caractérisées par les relations non linéaires entre flux et courant magnétisant. Ce modèle a été testé à l'aide du logiciel de calcul E.M.T.P. (Electro-Magnetic Transients Program), au voisinage du régime nominal. Les résultats théoriques, comparés aux mesures expérimentales, se trouvent en bon accord avec elles.

Chraygane, Mohamed; Teissier, Maurice; Jammal, Ahmad; Masson, Jean-Pierre

1994-11-01

340

[Benign subcutaneous emphysema after nail penetration. Case report and important differential diagnoses].  

PubMed

Crepitus under the skin after penetrating injuries: harmless benign subcutaneous emphysema or life-threatening infection with gas-producing bacteria (gas gangrene because of Clostridium perfringens, crepitating cellulitis because of anaerobic Streptococcus or other coliforme bacteria)? We report a case of a 74-year-old male who developed massive crepitation of the left upper extremity and the lateral thoracic wall and mediastinal emphysema after sustaining a laceration of the left thumb and forefinger from a nail. Because there was the suspicion of gas gangrene we performed generous skin incisions of the ventral and dorsal part of the hand, the forearm and upper arm and open wound treatment. A triple antibiotic therapy was initiated. Due to fast regression of the subcutaneous emphysema and the mediastinal emphysema, continuing lack of symptoms, negative smear test results from the beginning and low infection parameters in the blood all wounds could be closed 9 days after primary surgery. The suspicion of gas gangrene was not confirmed so the diagnosis of benign subcutaneous emphysema was made. PMID:23703620

Kantelberg, C; Meyer, C; Harland, U

2014-02-01

341

Cutaneous leishmaniasis in expatriates in northern Saudi Arabia.  

PubMed

Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a protozoal disease transmitted by sandflies. It is endemic across the desert of the Middle East to Afghanistan and Africa. This paper reviews the findings in 148 expatriates with cutaneous leishmaniasis seen in Arar, northern Saudi Arabia, during a five year period. Cutaneous leishmaniasis was seen in all age groups. Farm workers, labourers and military personnel stationed in the region during the Gulf war were most affected. There was a seasonal variation with maximum incidence between November and January. The lesions were commonly multiple, the number of lesions per patient ranged from one to twelve. 18% of the lesions were located on the face, 34% on the upper extremity, 42% on the lower extremity and six per cent on other sites. The average duration of the lesions before diagnosis was two months. The most common complications were secondary bacterial skin infection (pyoderma and cellulitis) and residual scarring. The response to sodium stibogluconate was good. There has been a gradual reduction in the number of cases from a peak of 64 in 1991 to twelve in 1995. As compared to studies in the indigenous population, cutaneous leishmaniasis tends to be more frequent and server in expatriates from non endemic areas. There is a need for increased awareness of this disorder, especially in the home countries of these expatriates. PMID:9299828

Kubeyinje, E P; Belagavi, C S; Jamil, Y A

1997-04-01

342

Necrotizing fasciitis - a diagnostic dilemma: two case reports  

PubMed Central

Introduction Necrotizing soft tissue infections can affect various tissue planes. Although predisposing etiologies are many, they mostly center on impaired immunity occurring directly or indirectly and loss of integrity of protective barriers which predispose to infection. The nonspecific presentation may delay diagnosis and favor high mortality. Case presentation Two case vignettes are presented. The first patient, a 44-year-old healthy South Asian man with a history of repeated minor traumatic injury presented to a primary health care center with a swollen left lower limb. He was treated with antibiotics with an initial diagnosis of cellulitis. Because he deteriorated rapidly and additionally developed intestinal obstruction, he was transferred to our hospital which is a tertiary health care center for further evaluation and management. Prompt clinical diagnosis of necrotizing soft tissue infection was made and confirmed on magnetic resonance imaging as necrotizing fasciitis. Urgent debridement was done, but the already spread infection resulted in rapid clinical deterioration with resultant mortality. The second patient was a 35-year-old South Asian woman with systemic lupus erythematous receiving immunosuppressive therapy who developed left lower limb pain and fever. Medical attention was sought late as she came to the hospital after 4 days. Her condition deteriorated rapidly as she developed septic shock and died within 2 days. Conclusions Necrotizing fasciitis can be fatal when not recognized and without early intervention. Clinicians and surgeons alike should have a greater level of suspicion and appreciation for this uncommon yet lethal infection.

2014-01-01

343

Keratitis with Kocuria palustris and Rothia mucilaginosa in Vitamin A Deficiency  

PubMed Central

Purpose To present a case of unusual corneal infection early in the course of peripheral ulcerative keratitis in a patient with severe vitamin A deficiency. Method Single observational case report in urban USA. Case Presentation An alcoholic patient with pancreatitis, chronic diarrhea, and vitamin A deficiency presented with a marginal corneal ulcer from which two bacteria of the family Micrococcaceae were cultured and identified by genome sequence analysis, namely Kocuria palustris and Rothia mucilaginosa. Soon after, severe bilateral peripheral ulcerative keratitis developed, later accompanied by eyelid cellulitis of one lid. These conditions improved with antibiotics, treatment of the underlying gastrointestinal conditions, and treatment of the vitamin deficiency. Conclusion Susceptibility to keratitis with unusual bacteria of the Micrococcaceae family can occur in the setting of alcoholism-related gastrointestinal disease with severe vitamin A deficiency. To our knowledge, K. palustris is a species not previously identified in any human disease, and the Kocuria genus has not previously been reported as a participant in eye infection. Documented cases of R. mucilaginosa in ocular disease are rare. These unusual infections heralded the onset of severe marginal corneal melts.

Mattern, R.M.; Ding, Jiaxi

2014-01-01

344

Update on management of skin and soft tissue infections in the emergency department.  

PubMed

Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) are frequently treated in the emergency department (ED) setting. Recent studies provide critical new information that can guide new approaches to the diagnosis and treatment of SSTIs in the ED. Rapid polymerase chain reaction assays capable of detecting MRSA in approximately 1 h hold significant potential to improving antibiotic stewardship in SSTI care. Emergency ultrasound continues to demonstrate value in guiding appropriate management of SSTIs, including the early diagnosis of necrotizing infections. Since emerging in the 1990s, community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) continues to increase in prevalence, and it represents a significant challenge to optimizing ED antibiotic use for SSTI management. Growing literature reinforces the current recommendation of incision and drainage without antibiotics for uncomplicated abscesses. Selecting antibiotics with CA-MRSA coverage is recommended when treating purulent SSTIs; however, it is generally not necessary in cases of nonpurulent cellulitis. Future advances in ED SSTI care may involve expansion of outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy protocols and the recent development of a novel, once weekly antibiotic with activity against MRSA. PMID:24992977

Pulia, Michael S; Calderone, Mary R; Meister, John R; Santistevan, Jamie; May, Larissa

2014-09-01

345

Role of gallium-67 scintigraphy in the evaluation of occult sepsis in the medical ICU.  

PubMed

Patients in intensive care units (ICUs) frequently have multiple infections or persistent fever despite management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic contribution of gallium-67 scintigraphy in ICU patients with suspected occult sepsis. One hundred and seventeen patients (>18 years) who had undergone gallium-67 scintigraphy in the ICU of our medical center over a 3-year period were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. Patients were categorized into Group 1 (n = 84), those with a known infectious source, but who still had persistent fever or sepsis despite antibiotic treatment or abscess drainage; or Group 2 (n = 33), those without an evident infectious source after clinical, physical, and imaging studies. Among the 117 patients, 19 (16.2%) had a new diagnosis. In Group 1, 12 patients (14%) had a new infection, including pneumonia (4 patients), bed sore infection (2 patients), pulmonary tuberculosis (2 patients), leg cellulitis (1 patient), psoas muscle abscess (1 patient), osteomyelitis (1 patient), and infective endocarditis (1 patient). In Group 2, seven patients (21.2%) had a new infectious source, including septic arthritis (3 patients), osteomyelitis (2 patients), neck abscess (1 patient), and cholecystitis (1 patient). Significant differences were not observed between patients with positive and negative findings on gallium-67 scintigraphy in characteristics, underlying diseases, laboratory data, and outcomes. Gallium-67 scintigraphy helped to detect new or additional infectious sites, particularly bone, joint, and soft tissues. However, differences in hospital stay and mortality were not observed between patients with positive and negative findings. PMID:22167445

Chen, Wei-Chun; Tsai, Kuen-Daw; Chen, Chia-Hung; Lin, Ming-Shian; Chen, Chuan-Mu; Shih, Chuen-Ming; Chen, Wei

2012-02-01

346

Clinical Predictors of Acute Kidney Injury Following Snake Bite Envenomation  

PubMed Central

Background: Snake bite envenomation is a major public health concern in developing countries. Acute kidney injury (AKI) is as important cause of mortality in patients with vasculotoxic snake bite. Aims: This study was to evaluate the clinical profile of snake bite patients and to determine the predictors of developing AKI following snake bite. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and eighty-one patients with snake envenomation were included. Eighty-seven patients developed AKI (Group A) and 194 (Group B) did not. History, examination findings and investigations results were recorded and compared between the two groups. Results: In group A, 61 (70.11%) patients were male and in group B, 117 (60.30%) patients were male. Out of 281 patients, 232 had cellulitis, 113 had bleeding tendencies, 87 had oliguria, 76 had neuroparalysis, and 23 had hypotension at presentation. After multivariate analysis, bite to hospital time (P = 0.016), hypotension (P = 0.000), albuminuria (P = 0.000), bleeding time (P = 0.000), prothrombin time (P = 0.000), hemoglobin (P = 0.000) and total bilirubin (P = 0.010) were significant independent predictors of AKI. Conclusions: AKI developed in 30.96% of patients with snake bite, leading to mortality in 39.08% patients. Factors associated with AKI are bite to hospital time, hypotension, albuminuria, prolonged bleeding time, prolonged prothrombin time, low hemoglobin and a high total bilirubin.

Dharod, Mrudul V; Patil, Tushar B; Deshpande, Archana S; Gulhane, Ragini V; Patil, Mangesh B; Bansod, Yogendra V

2013-01-01

347

[Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome: a case report].  

PubMed

Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) is the most severe form of invasive infections caused by group A streptococci. In this report, a 36-years-old man who was admitted to our clinic with the complaints of fever, rash, skin lesions, abdominal pain, weakness and anuria for 2 days, has been presented. His body temperature was 39.5 degrees C and blood pressure was 50/20 mmHg. In physical examination, diffuse erythematous rash on the body, cellulitis on left leg and foot, fungal lesions on the toes, and abdominal tenderness were noted. Laboratory results revealed a dramatic increase in leukocyte count, increased sedimentation rate, elevated blood urea nitrogen, cretinine, liver enzymes and bilirubin levels. Group A streptococci were isolated from the blood culture of the patient. Despite supportive (intravenous saline, dopamine) and antibiotic (clindamycin-ceftriaxone combination) therapies, adult respiratory distress syndrome has developed in two days, and he died on the third day. This case was presented to draw attention to STSS, which was a rare clinical entity with rapid progression to mortality despite aggressive medical therapy. PMID:14748269

Ozkurt, Zülal; Erol, Serpil; Ertek, Mustafa; Altoparlak, Ulkü; Ta?yaran, Mehmet A

2003-10-01

348

Ceftriaxone therapy in pediatric patients.  

PubMed

Twenty-six children, aged 2 months to 15 years, were treated with intravenous ceftriaxone sodium, 37.5 mg/kg every 12 hours, for an average of seven days. Clinical and microbiologic cures occurred in 19 of 21 patients, from whom bacterial pathogens were cultured. Ceftriaxone was not effective in treating an 18-month-old infant with periorbital cellulitis caused by relatively resistant Staphylococcus aureus. A relapse occurred in a 2-month-old infant with meningitis caused by ceftriaxone-sensitive Salmonella. Eleven patients had transient diarrhea, superficial candidiasis developed in ten patients, and one patient experienced skin flushing during administration of the antibiotic. Transient asymptomatic laboratory abnormalities were detected in 15 patients; nine patients had elevated serum concentrations of transaminases or bilirubin, 11 had thrombocytosis, three experienced eosinophilia, and one had thrombocytopenia. Transient suppression of normal flora of the intestine occurred in 21 patients. Side effects were not serious enough to warrant discontinuing ceftriaxone therapy in any patient. PMID:6314806

Harrison, C J; Welch, D; Marks, M I

1983-11-01

349

Hereditary lymphedema type I associated with VEGFR3 mutation: the first de novo case and atypical presentations.  

PubMed

Mutations in the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 gene, VEGFR3/FLT4, have been identified in a subset of families with hereditary lymphedema type I or Milroy disease (MIM 153100). Individuals carrying a VEGFR3 mutation exhibit congenital edema of the lower limbs, usually bilaterally and below the knees, sometimes associated with cellulitis, prominent veins, papillomatosis, upturned toenails, and hydrocele. In this study, we report the first de novo VEGFR3 mutation in a patient with sporadic congenital lymphedema. We also describe three other families with a VEGFR3 mutation. In each family, one individual had an atypical clinical presentation of hereditary lymphedema type I, whereas the others had the classical VEGFR3 mutation-caused phenotype. The atypical presentations included pre-natal pleural effusion, spontaneous resorption of lymphedema and elephantiasis. Three of the four identified mutations were novel. These data show that de novo VEGFR3 mutations may be present in patients without family history of congenital lymphedema. This has implications for follow-up care, as such individuals have nearly a 50% risk for occurrence of lymphedema in their children. Our findings also indicate that although most patients with a VEGFR3 mutation have the well-defined phenotype for hereditary lymphedema type I, there are exceptions that should be considered in genetic counseling. Because VEGFR3 mutation can cause generalized lymphatic dysfunction and can thus result in hydrops fetalis, VEGFR3 screening should be added to the investigation of cases of hydrops fetalis of an unknown etiology. PMID:16965327

Ghalamkarpour, A; Morlot, S; Raas-Rothschild, A; Utkus, A; Mulliken, J B; Boon, L M; Vikkula, M

2006-10-01

350

Milroy disease and the VEGFR-3 mutation phenotype.  

PubMed

Primary congenital lymphoedema (Milroy disease) is a rare autosomal dominant condition for which a major causative gene defect has recently been determined. Mutations in the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR-3) gene have now been described in 13 families world-wide. This is a review of the condition based on the clinical findings in 71 subjects from 10 families. All 71 individuals have a mutation in VEGFR-3. Ninety per cent of the 71 individuals carrying a VEGFR-3 mutation showed signs of oedema, which was confined in all cases to the lower limbs. In all but two cases onset of swelling was from birth. Other symptoms and signs included cellulitis (20%), large calibre leg veins (23%), papillomatosis (10%), and upslanting toenails (10%). In males, hydrocoele was the next most common finding after oedema (37%). Thorough clinical examination of these patients indicates that there are few clinical signs in addition to lower limb oedema. Rigorous phenotyping of patients produces a high yield of VEGFR-3 mutations. PMID:15689446

Brice, G; Child, A H; Evans, A; Bell, R; Mansour, S; Burnand, K; Sarfarazi, M; Jeffery, S; Mortimer, P

2005-02-01

351

Which Dermatological Conditions Present to an Emergency Department in Australia?  

PubMed Central

Background/Objectives. There is minimal data available on the types of dermatological conditions which present to tertiary emergency departments (ED). We analysed demographic and clinical features of dermatological presentations to an Australian adult ED. Methods. The St. Vincent's Hospital Melbourne (SVHM) ED database was searched for dermatological presentations between 1 January 2009 and 31 December 2011 by keywords and ICD-10 diagnosis codes. The lists were merged, and the ICD-10 codes were grouped into 55 categories for analysis. Demographic and clinical data for these presentations were then analysed. Results. 123?345 people presented to SVHM ED during the 3-year period. 4817 (3.9%) presented for a primarily dermatological complaint. The most common conditions by ICD-10 diagnosis code were cellulitis (n = 1741, 36.1%), allergy with skin involvement (n = 939, 19.5%), boils/furuncles/pilonidal sinuses (n = 526, 11.1%), eczema/dermatitis (n = 274, 5.7%), and varicella zoster infection (n = 161, 3.3%). Conclusion. The burden of dermatological disease presenting to ED is small but not insignificant. This information may assist in designing dermatological curricula for hospital clinicians and specialty training organisations as well as informing the allocation of dermatological resources to ED.

Weiland, Tracey J.; Chong, Alvin H.; Jelinek, George A.

2014-01-01

352

Fatal lower limb infection by Trichosporon asahii in an immunocompetent patient.  

PubMed

Trichosporon (T.) asahii can cause superficial skin infections and can be an opportunistic pathogen that produces potentially fatal systemic infections in immunocompromised hosts. We report a case of lower limb infection due to T. asahii in an immunocompetent patient who displayed no evidence of underlying disease. There is a strong possibility that our patient had been colonized at the infection site as part of the normal skin flora. After one-month bed rest due to an accidental fall and fracture of the right shoulder blade, a 61-year-old woman experienced severe edema and redness in the right lower limb and received topical treatment with iodine solution and antibiotics without improvement. She presented at our Outpatient Clinic with cellulitis and lymphedema. Samples collected from the affected areas revealed T. asahii and the patient was referred to a hospital for infectious diseases for appropriate therapy. The patient was treated with wound dressings until she was admitted to our intensive care unit when her general condition abruptly deteriorated. Despite in vitro susceptibility results, therapy with liposomal amphotericin and voriconazole could not change the fatal outcome. Nowadays, physicians must suspect this emerging difficult-to-treat fungal pathogen and treatment must start promptly in these infections. PMID:24476611

Baka, Stavroula; Tsouma, Iliana; Kouskouni, Evangelia

2013-12-01

353

Emerging Infections: Shewanella - A Series of Five Cases  

PubMed Central

Background: Shewanella spp. are unusual cause of disease in humans; however, reports of Shewanella infections have been increasing. Shewanella is a ubiquitous organism that has been isolated from many foods, sewage, and both from fresh and salt water. Earlier it was named as Pseudomonas putrefaciens or Shewanella putrefaciens. There are several reports describing this organism causing human infections such as cellulitis, abscesses, bacteremia, wound infection, etc. It is oxidase and catalase-positive non-fermenter gram-negative rod that produces hydrogen sulfide. Aims: The study was conducted to identify Shewanella spp., which was wrongly reported as Pseudomonas spp. Materials and Methods: Clinical samples were cultured as per standard clinical laboratory procedure. We tested the non-lactose-fermenting colonies for oxidase positivity. Oxidase-positive colony was inoculated in triple sugar iron slant (TSI) to know the hydrogen sulfide production. Hydrogen sulfide positive colonies were further tested for citrate, urease, indole, and amino acid decarboxylation and acid and gas production from sugars. Results: Five isolates identified as Pseudomonas spp. during preliminary testing were proved to be Shewanella spp. on further testing. Conclusions: It will help in better understanding the epidemiology, pathogenesis and risk factors associated with these and prevention of the rare pathogenic organisms.

Sharma, Krishna Kanchan; Kalawat, Usha

2010-01-01

354

A prospective model of care for breast cancer rehabilitation: postoperative and postreconstructive issues.  

PubMed

Appropriate and timely rehabilitation is vital in the recovery from breast cancer surgeries, including breast conserving surgery, mastectomy, axillary lymph node dissection (ALND), and breast reconstruction. This article describes the incidence, prevalence, risk factors and time course for early postoperative effects and the role of prospective surveillance as a rehabilitation strategy to prevent and mitigate them. The most common early postoperative effects include wound issues such as cellulitis, flap necrosis, abscess, dehiscence, hematoma, and seroma. Appropriate treatment is necessary to avoid delay in wound healing that may increase the risk of long-term morbidity, unduly postpone systemic and radiation therapy, and delay rehabilitation. The presence of upper quarter dysfunction (UQD), defined as restricted upper quarter mobility, pain, lymphedema, and impaired sensation and strength, has been reported in over half of survivors after treatment for breast cancer. Moreover, evidence suggests that survivors who undergo breast reconstruction may be at higher risk of UQD. Ensuring the survivor's optimum functioning in the early postoperative time period is critical in the overall recovery from breast cancer. The formal collection of objective measures along with patient-reported outcome measures is recommended for the early detection of postoperative morbidity. Prospective surveillance, including preoperative assessment and structured surveillance, allows for early identification and timely rehabilitation. Early evidence supports a prospective approach to address and minimize postoperative effects. PMID:22488697

McNeely, Margaret L; Binkley, Jill M; Pusic, Andrea L; Campbell, Kristin L; Gabram, Sheryl; Soballe, Peter W

2012-04-15

355

Clinafloxacin versus Piperacillin-Tazobactam in Treatment of Patients with Severe Skin and Soft Tissue Infections  

PubMed Central

Patients (n = 409) with severe skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) were randomized to receive clinafloxacin or piperacillin-tazobactam (plus optional vancomycin for methicillin-resistant cocci), administered intravenously, with the option to switch to oral medication. Most patients had cellulitis, wound infections, or diabetic foot infections. Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus faecalis, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the most common baseline pathogens. Fewer baseline pathogens were resistant to clinafloxacin (1.8%) than to piperacillin-tazobactam (6.2%) (P = 0.001). The clinafloxacin and piperacillin-tazobactam groups did not differ significantly in clinical cure rates (68.8 and 65.2%, respectively) or microbiologic eradication rates (61.5 and 57.2%). Clinafloxacin yielded higher eradication rates for all three of the most common pathogenic species, although no differences were statistically significant. Within the power of this study, the overall frequency of adverse events was similar (P = 0.577) in the two treatment groups. Drug-associated adverse events (P = 0.050) and treatment discontinuations (P = 0.052) were marginally more frequent in the clinafloxacin group, primarily due to phototoxicity in outpatients receiving clinafloxacin. Although most cases of phototoxicity were mild to moderate, four cases were reported as severe. In summary, clinafloxacin monotherapy was equivalent in effectiveness to therapy with piperacillin-tazobactam plus optional vancomycin in the treatment of hospitalized patients with severe SSTIs.

Siami, G.; Christou, N.; Eiseman, I.; Tack, K. J.

2001-01-01

356

The global burden of skin disease in 2010: an analysis of the prevalence and impact of skin conditions.  

PubMed

The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2010 estimated the GBD attributable to 15 categories of skin disease from 1990 to 2010 for 187 countries. For each of the following diseases, we performed systematic literature reviews and analyzed resulting data: eczema, psoriasis, acne vulgaris, pruritus, alopecia areata, decubitus ulcer, urticaria, scabies, fungal skin diseases, impetigo, abscess, and other bacterial skin diseases, cellulitis, viral warts, molluscum contagiosum, and non-melanoma skin cancer. We used disability estimates to determine nonfatal burden. Three skin conditions, fungal skin diseases, other skin and subcutaneous diseases, and acne were in the top 10 most prevalent diseases worldwide in 2010, and eight fell into the top 50; these additional five skin problems were pruritus, eczema, impetigo, scabies, and molluscum contagiosum. Collectively, skin conditions ranged from the 2nd to 11th leading cause of years lived with disability at the country level. At the global level, skin conditions were the fourth leading cause of nonfatal disease burden. Using more data than has been used previously, the burden due to these diseases is enormous in both high- and low-income countries. These results argue strongly to include skin disease prevention and treatment in future global health strategies as a matter of urgency. PMID:24166134

Hay, Roderick J; Johns, Nicole E; Williams, Hywel C; Bolliger, Ian W; Dellavalle, Robert P; Margolis, David J; Marks, Robin; Naldi, Luigi; Weinstock, Martin A; Wulf, Sarah K; Michaud, Catherine; J L Murray, Christopher; Naghavi, Mohsen

2014-06-01

357

Microscopie par rayons X dans la fenêtre de l'eau : faisabilité et intérêt pour la biologie d'un instrument de laboratoire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

La biologie étudie des structures ou des phénomènes sub-cellulaires. Pour cela la microscopie est la technique d'observation privilégiée. La résolution spatiale de la microscopie optique s'avère bien souvent insuffisante pour de telles observations. Les techniques plus résolvantes, comme la microscopie électronique par transmission sont souvent destructrices et d'une complexité peu adaptée aux besoins des biologistes. La microscopie par rayons X dans la fenêtre de l'eau permet l'imagerie rapide de cellules dans leur milieu naturel, nécessite peu de préparation et offre des résolutions de quelques dizaines de nanomètres. De plus, il existe un bon contraste naturel entre les structures carbonées (protéines, lipides) et l'eau. Actuellement cette technique est limitée aux centres de rayonnement synchrotron, ce qui impose une planification et des déplacements incompatibles avec les besoins de la biologie. Un tel microscope fonctionnant avec uns source de laboratoire serait d'une grande utilité. Ce document présente un état de l'art de la microscopie par rayons X dans la fenêtre de l'eau. Un cahier des charges détaillé pour un appareil de laboratoire ayant les performances optiques requises par les biologistes est présenté et confronté aux microscopes X de laboratoire déjà existants. Des solutions concernant la source et les optiques sont également discutées.

Adam, J. F.; Moy, J. P.

2005-06-01

358

Granulomatous pneumonia caused by Pythium insidiosum in a central American jaguar, Panthera onca.  

PubMed

A 7-month-old, male jaguar presented with dyspnea and leukocytosis unresponsive to antibiotic therapy. Radiographs revealed unilateral pulmonary consolidation. An exploratory thoracotomy was performed, and the left lung, which contained a large multilobular mass with extensive fibrosis and numerous caseonecrotic foci, was removed. Microscopically, eosinophilic granulomatous inflammation surrounded broad (4.4-8.3 microm) rarely septate hyphae. A diagnosis of Pythium insidiosum infection was confirmed by immunohistochemistry, immunoblot serology, culture, and polymerase chain reaction. Dyspnea recurred despite treatment, and the animal succumbed 3 weeks after surgery. Necropsy findings indicated that death resulted from occlusion of the right main stem bronchus by a fungal granuloma. The oomycete P. insidiosum typically causes granulomatous disease of the skin or gastrointestinal tract in animals and arteritis, keratitis, or cellulitis in humans. Infection is uncommon in felines, and pulmonary involvement is rare. This report details the first case of P. insidiosum infection in an exotic felid and provides the first description of primary pulmonary pythiosis in any species. PMID:15586573

Camus, Alvin C; Grooters, Amy M; Aquilar, Roberto E

2004-11-01

359

Mediastinectomy for management of chronic pyogranulomatous pleural disease in dogs.  

PubMed

The medical records of 12 dogs with chronic pyogranulomatous pleural disease unresponsive to medical management were reviewed retrospectively. Resection of the mediastinal pleura (mediastinectomy) was performed through a median sternotomy to remove all diseased and surgically accessible mediastinal pleural tissue. Dogs were re-examined two weeks postoperatively, and long-term outcome was evaluated by contacting owners by phone. Twelve dogs underwent mediastinectomy; additional surgeries included subtotal pericardiectomy (8), lung lobectomy (4) and partial diaphragmatic resection (2). Histology of resected tissue consistently revealed neutrophilic, pyogranulomatous cellulitis/serositis. Foreign material was evident in the mediastinal tissue of five dogs and microorganisms were recovered from three dogs. Two dogs developed pneumothorax immediately postoperatively; one dog developed haemothorax one month postoperatively and was euthanased. Median follow-up time was eight months (range: 6-43?months); eleven dogs were alive and considered to be symptom-free by their owners. Mediastinectomy resulted in complete resolution of symptoms in most dogs (92 per cent) and was associated with a low incidence of major complications. The results of this study indicated that mediastinectomy results in favourable outcome for dogs with chronic pleural pyogranulomatous pleural disease unresponsive to medical management. PMID:24686857

Trinterud, T; Nelissen, P; Caine, A R; White, R A S

2014-06-14

360

Cutaneous cryptococccosis due to Cryptococcus gattii in immunocompetent hosts: case report and review.  

PubMed

Cutaneous cryptococcosis caused by C. gattii, in immunocompent patients is a rare manifestation of disease, and may be one of the first manifestations of disseminated cryptococcosis. We report a case of disseminated cryptococcosis caused by Cryptococcus gattii presenting as cutaneous lesions in an immunocompetent patient. Previously to our report, only five cases of cutaneous involvement by Cryptococcus gattii in immunocompetent patients have been reported in the literature. Risk factors for C. gattii infection included exposure to the eucalypt reservoirs in tropical and subtropical areas. Skin involvement corresponded to the disseminated form of cryptococcosis in the majority of patients, and commonly affected the face and neck with different morphologies including papules, pustules, plaques, ulcers, subcutaneous masses, cellulitis or acneiform lesions. Due to the severity of this infection and the life threatening condition that it represents, clinicians must be aware that cutaneous involvement may be one of the first manifestations of disseminated cryptococcosis caused by C. gattii especially in patients living and coming from endemic areas. PMID:16552487

Dora, José Miguel; Kelbert, Silvia; Deutschendorf, Caroline; Cunha, Vanessa S; Aquino, Valério R; Santos, Rodrigo Pires Dos; Goldani, Luciano Zubaran

2006-04-01

361

Successful medical treatment for globe penetration following tooth extraction in a dog.  

PubMed

A five-year-old entire male Tibetan Terrier was referred for left-sided periorbital swelling and blepharospasm 4 days following ipsilateral maxillary tooth extraction. Examination of the left eye revealed mild exophthalmos, pain on retropulsion, and absent menace response and pupillary light reflexes. Examination of the posterior segment was not possible owing to the anterior segment pathology. Differential diagnoses considered were iatrogenic globe penetration and peribulbar abscess/cellulitis. Ocular ultrasound was consistent with a penetrating wound to the globe. Treatment with systemic prednisolone and marbofloxacin, and topical atropine sulfate 1%, prednisolone acetate, and brinzolamide was started. Marked clinical improvement allowed visual confirmation of the perforation. Oral prednisolone was tapered over the following 10 weeks. At final re-examination (10 months), the patient was visual, and fundic examination revealed an additional chorioretinal scar, most likely an exit wound that was obscured by vitreal debris on initial examinations. Neither scar was associated with retinal detachment. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of successful medical management of iatrogenic globe penetration following exodontic procedures. PMID:23869648

Guerreiro, Cleo E; Appelboam, Helen; Lowe, Robert C

2014-03-01

362

Case of disseminated cutaneous Mycobacterium chelonae infection mimicking cutaneous vasculitis.  

PubMed

Mycobacterium chelonae is a non-tuberculous, rapidly growing mycobacteria and is widely distributed in the natural environment. In the immunocompetent status, localized cutaneous infections such as cellulitis and subcutaneous abscesses commonly occur after traumatic injury. However, disseminated cutaneous infections occur on a background of immunosuppression. Cutaneous M. chelonae infection presents with a variety of skin eruptions. We report a case of disseminated M. chelonae infection mimicking cutaneous vasculitis. The patient was treated with long-term oral corticosteroids and injected etanercept for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and asthma. Because the skin eruptions were preceded by asthma and rheumatoid arthritis and the pathological findings showed fibrinoid necrosis around the vascular of dermis, cutaneous vasculitis was first suspected. The culture from the pus revealed the bacterium which grew within 5 days on Ogawa's culture medium suggesting a rapidly growing mycobacteria. This bacterium was identified as M. chelonae by the DNA-DNA hybridization method. We chose 800 mg/day clarithromycin and 500 mg/day levofloxacin as a result of the drug-sensitivity test. After 6 months of the treatment, infection symptoms disappeared. Rapidly growing mycobacteria should be considered in the differential diagnosis of infections in patients under immunosuppression caused by diseases or drugs such as corticosteroids and biologic agents. Repeated bacterial examinations are important and required for the diagnosis of rapidly growing mycobacteria. PMID:24801916

Ichihara, Asako; Jinnin, Masatoshi; Fukushima, Satoshi; Inoue, Yuji; Ihn, Hironobu

2014-05-01

363

Milroy disease and the VEGFR-3 mutation phenotype  

PubMed Central

Primary congenital lymphoedema (Milroy disease) is a rare autosomal dominant condition for which a major causative gene defect has recently been determined. Mutations in the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 3 (VEGFR-3) gene have now been described in 13 families world-wide. This is a review of the condition based on the clinical findings in 71 subjects from 10 families. All 71 individuals have a mutation in VEGFR-3. Ninety per cent of the 71 individuals carrying a VEGFR-3 mutation showed signs of oedema, which was confined in all cases to the lower limbs. In all but two cases onset of swelling was from birth. Other symptoms and signs included cellulitis (20%), large calibre leg veins (23%), papillomatosis (10%), and upslanting toenails (10%). In males, hydrocoele was the next most common finding after oedema (37%). Thorough clinical examination of these patients indicates that there are few clinical signs in addition to lower limb oedema. Rigorous phenotyping of patients produces a high yield of VEGFR-3 mutations.

Brice, G; Child, A; Evans, A; Bell, R; Mansour, S; Burnand, K; Sarfarazi, M; Jeffery, S; Mortimer, P

2005-01-01

364

Series of Extranodal Natural Killer/T-cell Lymphoma, Nasal Type, with Periorbital Involvement.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose: To describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment of periorbital extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type. Methods: Case series of three patients with periorbital involvement of extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, of whom clinical data, orbital imaging and immunohistochemical analysis were collected. For the purpose of this study, all histopathological and immunohistochemical slides were re-examined. Results: All patients presented with painless eyelid swelling and a history of sinonasal disease, of whom one with bilateral panuveitis, not responding to systemic antibiotics. Extraocular muscle involvement was present in 2 cases upon presentation and in 1 case later on. Initial paranasal and orbital biopsies were negative in 2 patients, with only the second orbital biopsy leading to the diagnosis. Natural killer/T-cell and cytotoxic markers were present in all cases, as well as Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA in situ hybridization. The patients died respectively 5, 9 and 35 months from diagnosis despite treatment with chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Conclusion: Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, should be suspected in a painless periorbital cellulitis with chronic sinusitis, not responding to conventional therapy. A high index of suspicion is necessary in biopsies showing angiodestruction and necrosis. Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA in situ hybridization and expert hematopathologist consultation is necessary to decrease the delay in diagnosis. PMID:24831171

Termote, Karolien; Dierickx, Daan; Verhoef, Gregory; Jorissen, Mark; Tousseyn, Thomas; Mombaerts, Ilse

2014-08-01

365

[Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome].  

PubMed

The Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome (ALPS) is an impairment of lymphocyte apoptosis expressed by generalized non-malignant lymphoproliferation, lymphadenopathy and/or splenomegaly. This article describes a seven and 14 year old males. The first one was admitted at 3 years of age with fever, bicytopenia and generalized lymphadenopathy. Hystopathological analysis of lymph nodes showed reactive follicular hyperplasia and marked paracortical expansion. He was readmitted three years later presenting herpes zoster and similar clinical features. High levels of IL-10 and increasing tendency of Fas-L in plasma and serum. The second child was admitted at 13 years of age presenting thigh and gluteus cellulitis, anemia and neutropenia. T lymphocytes aß+CD4-CD8- 3,1%. Hystopathological analysis of lymph nodes showed marked paracortical hyperplasia. Both children are treated with mycophenolate mofetil with good response. ALPS is an underestimated entity that must be considered in non malign lymphoproliferation, autoimmunity and expansion of an unusual population of a/ßCD3+CD4-CD8-(double-negative T cells>1%). PMID:22525637

Rodrigues, Vera; Conde, Marta; Figueiredo, António; Vasconcelos, Júlia; Dias, Alexandra

2011-01-01

366

Preliminary results of a phase I/II clinical trial using in situ photoimmunotherapy combined with imiquimod for metastatic melanoma patients  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Situ Photoimmunotherapy (ISPI), a newly developed modality for cancer therapy, has been shown to be able to modulate the body's own immune response. This clinical trial was designed to evaluate the safety and therapeutic effect of ISPI, using imiquimod as its immunoadjuvant for metastatic melanoma patients. ISPI consisted of three main components applied directly to the cutaneous metastases: 1) local application of topical imiquimod; 2) injection of indocyanine green; and 3) an 805 nm laser for local irradiation. All patients completed at least one cycle of treatment. All the patients completed at least one cycle of treatments; one patient received 6 cycles. The most common adverse effects were rash, pruritus, pain, fatigue and anorexia. Fever, chills, vomiting and cellulitis were relative rare. No grade 4 toxicity was observed. Complete Response (CR) was observed in 6 patients. Median overall survival of the 11 evaluated patients was 12.2 months. Six of the eleven patients were still alive at the time of this report. Treatment of ISPI using imiquimod is safe and well tolerant. Our preliminary clinical results suggest that this new method can be a promising modality for metastatic melanoma.

Li, Xiaosong; Naylor, Mark F.; Nordquist, Robert E.; Teague, T. Kent; Howard, C. Anthony; Murray, Cynthia; Chen, Wei R.

2010-02-01

367

Appendiceal pus in a hernia sac simulating strangulated femoral hernia: a case report  

PubMed Central

Acute appendicitis involving the hernia sac is infrequent but well-documented in medical literature. In most instances, it occurs within the right inguinal (Amyand’s hernia) or right femoral hernia (de Garengeot hernia). The diagnosis is always mistaken for incarcerated groin hernia. During surgery, the appendix itself, either perforated or strangulated, is most commonly encountered within the hernia sac. In very rare occasions, only appendiceal pus is found in the hernia sac. In this paper, we report the case of a 90-year-old woman with acute appendicitis and a tender mass in the right groin. Typical findings of acute appendicitis by computed tomography (CT) and incarcerated femoral hernia with groin cellulitis misled us into preoperative diagnosis of strangulated femoral hernia. Acute phlegmonous inflammation of the incarcerated femoral hernia sac containing pus only and acute suppurative appendicitis were found intraoperatively. This case presents a rare complication of acute appendicitis and the first report of CT-documented appendiceal pus-contained femoral hernia. Knowledge of this rare condition is helpful in establishing preoperative diagnosis and patient management decisions.

Hsiao, Tien-Fa; Chou, Yenn-Hwei

2011-01-01

368

Guideline for the management of wounds in patients with lower-extremity venous disease: an executive summary.  

PubMed

This article provides an executive summary of the lower extremity venous disease (LEVD) evidence-based guideline produced by the WOCN Wound Guidelines Task Force. The target audience for this guideline is health care professionals who specialize in, direct, or provide wound care for patients at risk for or with lower-extremity venous disease. The full guideline opens with an overview of definitions of LEVD, its prevalence, clinical relevance, etiology, related physiology and pathophysiology, and overall management goals for patients at risk for developing venous leg ulcers. A detailed assessment section describes how to conduct a full clinical history and physical examination. Two approaches to interventions are provided: one addresses prevention strategies to reduce the risk of developing LEVD with ulcers. Methods to prevent ulcer recurrence are summarized including compression therapy, adjunctive therapies, medications, and patient education. A second approach presents treatment interventions including wound cleansing, debridement, infection control, antibiotic use, along with management of the periwound skin, nutrition, pain, and edema. This section also discusses limb elevation, surgical options, adjunctive therapies, patient education, and health care provider follow-up. A comprehensive reference list, glossary of terms, and appendices on cellulitis and venous eczema, types of edema, and compression therapy are available at the end of the guideline. This article provides an executive summary of the essential features of the guideline. PMID:23138493

Kelechi, Teresa J; Johnson, Jan J

2012-01-01

369

Clinical evaluation of axial pattern skin flaps in dogs and cats: 19 cases (1981-1990).  

PubMed

Nineteen axial pattern skin flaps were used in 16 dogs and cats to provide skin for repair of extensive cutaneous defects. Retrospective evaluation of medical records was used to determine percentage flap survival, postoperative complications, and long-term outcome of axial pattern skin flaps. The most common indication for use of axial pattern flaps was to augment wound closure following tumor resection (n = 7). Other indications included trauma (n = 5), chronic nonhealing wounds (n = 4), urine-induced cellulitis (n = 1), idiopathic dermal necrosis (n = 1), and chronic lymphoplasmocytic dermatitis (n = 1). Mean flap survival (+/- SD) was 96% (+/- 8). Postoperative complications included wound drainage (n = 15), partial dehiscence of the sutured flap (n = 7), distal flap necrosis (n = 6), infection (n = 3), edema (n = 3), and seroma formation (n = 2). After a median follow-up time of 5 months, evaluation of animals indicated that surgery provided successful wound reconstruction with good cosmetic results. Reconstruction of large cutaneous defects is facilitated by axial pattern flap application regardless of cause of wound. Postoperative complications are common but amenable to standard wound management techniques such as drain placement and surgical debridement of devitalized distal flap skin. PMID:1517139

Trevor, P B; Smith, M M; Waldron, D R; Hedlund, C S

1992-08-15

370

Infected facial tissue fillers: case series and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Since 2007, 21 female and 1 male patient aged 25 to 55 years, who either did not have any obvious causative infection source or, despite the presence of nonvital teeth, did not display typical symptoms of odontogenic infection, were treated for acute facial inflammation. All these patients admitted previous application of injectable soft tissue fillers (ISTFs) performed in either private plastic surgery and dermatology practices or cosmetic salons. The period between injection and infection varied from 1 week to 6 years. The injected substance remained unknown in many cases. Of the 22 patients, 3 were diagnosed with facial cellulitis, 4 with periorbital abscess, and 15 with a buccal space abscess. ISTFs provide an attractive option in facial rejuvenation. With their increasing use, the prevalence of complications is also expected to increase. Infectious complications of ISTFs were previously unknown in Kuwait. Although these products are primarily meant for treatment of the aging face, the age pattern of our patients suggests their frequent misuse and spurious indications. Especially worrisome is the recently observed application of fillers in cosmetic salons. We believe that the use of ISTFs should be regulated and their administration in nonmedical facilities prohibited. Patients with an atypical course of facial inflammation should be questioned about a history of cosmetic procedures. PMID:22342250

Schütz, Petr; Ibrahim, Hussein Hassan Hamed; Hussain, Sabreyah Saleh; Ali, Tamer Sabry; El-Bassuoni, Khalid; Thomas, John

2012-10-01

371

[Lipedema: a misdiagnosed entity].  

PubMed

Lipedema is a clinical entity frequently misdiagnosed or confound with primary lymphedema. Lipedema is a disorder of adipose tissue that occurs almost exclusively in obese women. It is characterized by bilateral enlargement from hip to ankle due to abnormal depositions of subcutaneous fat associated with often mild edema, usually sparing the feet. Disease onset is usually at or soon after puberty. Lipedema results in considerable frustration and distress resulting from the cosmetic appearance. Patients may complain of pain, tenderness, easy bruising of the affected areas with moderate to severe sensitivity to digital pressure or pinching. Imaging studies using computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, lymphoscintigraphy are not indicated, except if the diagnosis is atypic or doubtful. Long-term evolution may alter lymphatic system and lead to a lipo-lymphedema with specific complications such as cellulitis. Lipedema management is not codified and included weight loss (poorly improving leg appearance or discomfort), psychological counselling and compression therapy. Liposuction, especially using tumescent local anaesthesia, may reduce edema, spontaneous pain, sensitivity to pressure, bruising and improve appearance resulting in a important increase in quality of life. PMID:22698628

Vignes, S

2012-07-01

372

Infections in acute myeloid leukemia. Study of 184 febrile episodes.  

PubMed

We analysed the case records of 75 patients with acute myeloid leukaemia treated at our institute from January 1984 to December 1988 to see the pattern and severity of infections and their relationship with granulocytopenia. A total of 184 febrile episodes (mean 2.45) were recorded; 153 (83.15%) were associated with granulocytopenia while 31 (16.84%) were without granulocytopenia. Among granulocytopenic patients, infections could be documented microbiologically in 58.2% and clinically in 30.0% of episodes. In the remaining 41.8% of episodes, no clinical, radiological or microbiological evidence could be found out. The various sites of infection were: septicaemia 21 (13.72%), disseminated fungal infections 4 (2.6%), upper respiratory tract 21 (13.7%), chest 58 (37.9%), gastrointestinal tract 8 (5.2%), genitourinary (7.2%), soft tissues 5 (3.2%) and skin cellulitis 7 (4.6%). Microbiologically, gram negative organisms (Klebsiella pneumoniae, E coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa) were most common, followed by gram positive (Streptococcal faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, Staph albus, Staph epidermidis). Four patients had disseminated fungal infection: candida 2, aspergillus *1, mucormycosis *1. Among non neutropenic febrile episodes, the sites infected were: septicemia 2 (6.4%), chest 9(29.0%), upper respiratory tract 1 (3.2%), gastrointestinal 1 (3.2%), soft tissue 1 (3.2%), drug fever 3 (9.6%) and fever of unknown origin 14 (45.2%). PMID:1634456

Kumar, L; Kochupillai, V; Bhujwala, R A

1992-01-01

373

Georges Marinesco (1863-1938): neurologist, neurohistologist and neuropathologist.  

PubMed

Gheorghe Marinescu (Georges Marinesco, in French) is a Romanian physician, founder of the School of Neurology in that country. He begins his medical studies in Bucharest, then has the opportunity to reach Paris and join the School of Neurology in La Salpêtrière Hospital, lead by Jean-Martin Charcot. This trip will forever imprint the mind of Marinescu, a great friend of France, a respectful student of Charcot and a friendly colleague of many Parisian neurologists. Marinescu's works are multiple and very important. He describes the succulent hand in syringomyelia and the palmar-jaw reflex. Marinescu is also one of the first to use the cinema for medical purposes. His work as an anatomo-clinician, a method developed by Charcot, is important. We denote the description of the locus niger affected by tuberculosis in a case of parkinsonism (this description paving Etienne Brissaud's way to highlight the anatomical origin of Parkinson's disease), the original clinical description of Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome, and that of medullomyoblastoma. Marinescu is also a famous neurocytologist as evidenced by his work, La Cellule Nerveuse, published in 1909. The first volume of the book is devoted to the aspects of the normal nervous tissue: the neurofibrillar network, the chromatophilic elements, and the paranucleolar corpuscles (now known as Marinescu's bodies). The second volume of the book is almost related to features revealed by experimental lesions: chromatolysis and neuronophagia. Furthermore, Marinescu describes with Oscar Blocq, small nodules than are now regarded as the first description of senile plaques. PMID:23303009

Catala, M; Poirier, J

2012-01-01

374

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: a potential diagnosis for a 16-year-old athlete with knee pain  

PubMed Central

Objective This case report aims to raise awareness in chiropractic physicians of the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in adolescents who participate in sports activities and to alert the chiropractic physician of the necessity to consider potential diagnoses that are not within their typical clinical heuristic. Clinical Features A 16-year-old adolescent girl entered the clinic with a complaint of left knee pain that had an insidious onset during her involvement in sports activities. Later that same day, her knee became enlarged, red, and had pustular formations with a discharge. She was taken to an urgent care facility and subsequently diagnosed with MRSA. Her history included treatment of a left knee musculoskeletal condition 6 weeks prior to which she had responded favorably. Interventions and Outcomes She was treated medically with an aggressive course of antibiotic therapy and excision of the furuncle. The chiropractic physician played a role in patient education and notifying local school authorities of the case. Conclusion Doctors of chiropractic must prepare themselves for the unexpected and remain open to diagnostic possibilities outside of the normal scope of practice. Knee pain or cellulitis of any type may require additional diagnostic and patient care protocols to make the correct diagnosis. With the incidence of community-acquired MRSA increasing at an alarming rate, it is certainly a diagnosis doctors of chiropractic should be aware of when treating patients, especially those involved in sports activities.

Larkin-Thier, Susan M.; Barber, Virginia A.; Harvey, Phyllis; Livdans-Forret, Anna B.

2010-01-01

375

[Outpatient treatments of haemorrhoidal disease].  

PubMed

Only three non-surgical treatments of haemorrhoids are clearly validated: infrared coagulation, injection sclerotherapy and rubber band ligation. Those procedures are only indicated for painless symptoms related to internal haemorrhoids, i.e. bleeding at defecation or spontaneously reducible prolapse. Their main interest is to be possible on the outpatient clinic, with a simple anuscope, without enema or anaesthesia, since they are applied to non-sensitive area on the top of internal haemorrhoids. The aim of all these treatments is to create local fibrosis, which reduces vascular tissue and hold rectal mucosa to underlying muscle. Short-dated efficiency of all techniques is similar on bleeding. After one and three years, rubber band ligation is clearly more efficient than other techniques, especially on prolapse. Secondary effects are non-constant and usually minor, as transient pain or tenesmus, and mild bleeding for few days. Infrequent complications may occur, only after haemorrhoidal banding and sclerotherapy, as thrombosis, massive delayed bleeding or local abscess. Exceptional life-threatening pelvic cellulitis cases have been reported. PMID:21831572

Staumont, Ghislain; Gorez, Etienne; Suduca, Jean-Michel

2011-10-01

376

Microbiology of skin and soft tissue infections in the age of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.  

PubMed

The objectives of this study were to determine the etiology of skin and soft-tissue infections (SSTIs) in a general population, and to describe patient characteristics, SSTI types, frequency of microbiologic testing, and the role of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) over time. Using electronic databases, we identified SSTI episodes and microbiologic testing among members of a large US health plan. Between 2006 and 2009, 648699 SSTI episodes were identified, of which 23% had a specimen, of which 15% were blood. A pathogen was identified in 58% of SSTI cultures. S. aureus was the most common pathogen (80% of positive cultures). Half of S. aureus isolates were MRSA. Among cellulitis and abscess episodes with a positive blood culture, 21% were methicillin-sensitive S. aureus, 16% were MRSA, 21% were beta-hemolytic streptococci and 28% were Gram negative bacteria. Between 1998 and 2009, the percentage of SSTIs for which a culture was obtained increased from 11% to 24%. In SSTI episodes with a culture-confirmed pathogen, MRSA increased from 5% in 1998 to 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2005, decreasing to 37% in 2009. These data can inform the choice of antibiotics for treatment of SSTIs. PMID:23537783

Ray, G Thomas; Suaya, Jose A; Baxter, Roger

2013-05-01

377

Infective endocarditis complicated by aortic graft infection and osteomyelitis: case report and review of literature  

PubMed Central

Primary aortic graft infection early after aortic graft insertion is well described in the literature. Here, we present a unique case of late aortic graft infection 5 years after insertion secondary to mitral valve endocarditis, resulting from cellulitis in a patient with severe venous varicosities. A 63-year-old male presented for severe low back pain, constipation, and low-grade fever. An abdominal computed tomography scan with oral and intravenous contrast showed a normal spine and urinary tract. Blood and urine cultures, done at the same time, grew Staphylococcus aureus. A transesophageal echocardiogram confirmed the diagnosis of endocarditis. Subsequently, a gallium scan showed increased uptake in the vertebral bodies, aortic graft, left patella, and left ankle. After 3 months of antibiotic therapy, the patient’s low back pain resolved with normalization of his laboratory values. He remained free of infection at a 2-year follow-up. We reviewed the literature concerning the atypical presentation of infective endocarditis, with a focus on distant metastases at initial presentation, such as osteomyelitis and aortic graft infection, as well as the different treatment modalities. This report describes successful medical treatment with intravenous followed by oral antibiotics for an infected endovascular graft without any surgical intervention.

Zouein, Elie; Wetz, Robert; Mobarakai, Neville; Hassan, Samer; Tong, Iris

2012-01-01

378

Low-invasive lymphatic surgery and lymphatic imaging for completely healed intractable pudendal lymphorrhea after gynecologic cancer treatment.  

PubMed

Lower limb lymphedema and an accompanying lymphatic fistula (lymphorrhea) occur as complications after gynecologic surgery to treat cancer. Herein, we report the case of a 68-year-old woman who underwent resection and radiotherapy because of uterine cervical cancer (stage 2a) 20 years previously. Left lower limb and pudendal lymphedema and continuous lymphorrhea developed soon after surgery. Conservative treatment was administered; however, the edema increased, and a pudendal lymphatic fistula and cellulitis developed repeatedly. Lymphovascular anastomosis (LVA) and lymph vessel ligation were performed after preoperative evaluation via lymphoscintigraphy and indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography. A radioisotope injected into the first interdigit pedal region flowed into the pudendal region via the inguinal lymph nodes at preoperative lymphoscintigraphy. Linear patterns were observed up to the half level of the crus, and stardust patterns occurred over the lower abdominal and pudendal regions at ICG lymphography. During surgery, ICG lymphography was also used to identify the site of the fistula. With the patient under local anesthesia, LVA was applied in the half crus and left inguinal regions, followed by ligation and division of lymph vessels flowing into the fistula. The region around the fistula was excised as a 1 × 3-cm tissue block. As of 5 months after surgery, no recurrence of lymphatic fistula or exacerbation of lymphedema has occurred. This case shows the effectiveness of preoperative ICG lymphography and lymphoscintigraphy followed by treatment via lymph vessel ligation and LVA for curative resolution of a lymphatic fistula. PMID:22935310

Mihara, Makoto; Hara, Hisako; Narushima, Mitsunaga; Mitsui, Kito; Murai, Noriyuki; Koshima, Isao

2012-01-01

379

A novel two-stage surgical approach to treat chronic lymphedema.  

PubMed

Surgical treatment of chronic lymphedema has seen significant advances. Suction-assisted protein lipectomy (SAPL) has been shown to safely and effectively reduce the solid component of swelling in chronic lymphedema. However, these patients must continuously use compression garments to control and prevent recurrence. Microsurgery procedures, including lymphaticovenous anastomosis (LVA) and vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT), have been shown to be effective in the management of the fluid component of lymphedema and allow for decreased garment use. SAPL and VLNT were applied together in a two-stage approach in two patients with chronic lymphedema after treatment for breast cancer. SAPL was used first to remove the chronic, solid component of the soft-tissue excess. Volume excess in our patients' arms was reduced an average of approximately 83% and 110% after SAPL surgery. After the arms had sufficiently healed and the volume reductions had stabilized, VLNT was performed to reduce the need for continuous compression and reduce fluid re-accumulation. Following the VLNT procedures, the patients were able to remove their compression garments consistently during the day and still maintain their volume reductions. Neither patient had any postoperative episodes of cellulitis. SAPL and VLNT can be combined to achieve optimal outcomes in patients with chronic lymphedema. PMID:24943048

Granzow, Jay W; Soderberg, Julie M; Dauphine, Christine

2014-07-01

380

Critical analysis of strattice performance in complex abdominal wall reconstruction: intermediate-risk patients and early complications.  

PubMed

Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the performance of a porcine-derived acellular dermal matrix (Strattice Reconstructive Tissue Matrix) in patients at increased risk for perioperative complications. We reviewed medical records for patients with complex abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR) and Strattice underlay from 2007 to 2010. Intermediate-risk patients were defined as having multiple comorbidities without abdominal infection. Forty-one patients met the inclusion criteria (mean age, 60 years; mean body mass index, 35.5 kg/m(2)). Comorbidities included coronary artery disease (63.4%), diabetes mellitus (36.6%), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (17.1%). Fascial closure was achieved in 40 patients (97.6%). Average hospitalization was 6.4 days (range, 1-24 days). Complications included seroma (7.3%), wound dehiscence with Strattice exposure (4.9%), cellulitis (2.4%), and hematoma (2.4%). All patients achieved abdominal wall closure with no recurrent hernias or need for Strattice removal. Patients with multiple comorbidities at intermediate risk of postoperative complications can achieve successful, safe AWR with Strattice. PMID:24229027

Patel, Ketan M; Albino, Frank P; Nahabedian, Maurice Y; Bhanot, Parag

2013-01-01

381

Ganglioneuroblastoma: Case report and review of the literature.  

PubMed

Neuroblastoma are among the most important tumors of extracranial origin in pediatric patients. They arise from embryonal cells involved in the development of the sympathetic nervous system, whose differentiation has been arrested [1,2]. They are the tumors most frequently diagnosed during the first decade of life. Their evolution is unpredictable, ranging from progression to spontaneous regression or maturation, and their location and metastatic potential vary. Little is known about the cause of these tumors and the risk factors associated with their development. This article describes a typical case of ganglioneuroblastoma and provides a review of the literature on this type of tumor.Sommario Il neuroblastoma è uno dei più importanti tumori pediatrici di derivazione extracranica; esso origina dalle cellule embrionali coinvolte nello sviluppo del sistema nervoso simpatico a causa di un blocco nel loro processo di differenziamento [1,2]. È la più frequente neoplasia della prima decade di vita; la sua progressione biologica è imprevedibile, regressione spontanea, maturazione a ganglioneuroma, localizzazione e metastatizzazione variabili. Poco è noto a riguardo dei fattori di rischio e della sua eziopatogenesi. Viene presentato un caso tipico di ganglioneuroblastoma e riesaminata la letteratura su questa neoplasia. PMID:23396255

Alessi, S; Grignani, M; Carone, L

2011-06-01

382

Incorporating novel solutions to lower-limb problems into compression formularies.  

PubMed

This study investigates the effect of a new short-stretch two-layer compression system in eight patients with common chronic lower-limb conditions in three locations in the UK. Chronic leg ulcers are the most common type of lower-limb ulceration with 70% caused by chronic venous hypertension. An appropriate level of compression is proven to heal chronic venous leg ulcers. The study was only a small sample of patients; however, the underlying conditions included chronic venous eczema, diabetes, sarcoma, cellulitis and mixed-aetiology ulcers. During the study, the UK experienced some of the hottest temperatures in the last 30 years. This had an impact on five patients, who noted an increase in malodour associated with their leg ulcers. CoFlex TLC (Aspen Medical Europe Ltd) foam comfort layer is impregnated with cyclodextrin-a naturally based oligosaccharide known to reduce malodour. The zinc-impregnated foam bandages in this study were viewed very favourably by both patients and staff, particularly those who had chronic venous eczema. PMID:24912834

Smith, Glenn; Simon, Deborah; McDermott, Emma; Gibson, Elaine

2014-06-01

383

Endodontic diagnosis. Mystery or mastery?  

PubMed

Review of 6 clinical distinctions: (1) Symptom: "anything under the sun." Diagnosis: pulp exposure. Duplicate: clinical or radiographic pulp exposure evidence. Treatment: endodontics or pulp cap under strict protocol conditions. (2) Symptom: "cold." Diagnosis: hyperemia. Duplicate: ice. Treatment: pulp protection or endodontics. (3) Symptom: "heat." Diagnosis: pulpitis. Duplicate: heat. Treatment: pulpotomy for multirooted teeth or pulpectomy for single-rooted teeth. Schedule endodontic completion. (4) Symptom: "I recently had a toothache and now it is gone." Diagnosis: necrosis. Duplicate: Electric Pulp Test and ice are negative. Treatment: endodontics. (5) Symptom: "I had a toothache awhile back and now it is gone." Diagnosis: LEO. Duplicate: Electric Pulp Test, ice, and test cavity are negative. Treatment: endodontics. (6) Symptom: "It really hurts to touch my tooth." Diagnosis: percussion. Duplicate: may or may not have a LEO and may or may not have cellulitis. Treatment: reduce occlusion, access cavity, water chew, and schedule to finish endodontics. If these tests are carefully performed, then they are objective and the doctor does not have to be in a subjective situation. A newfound sense of endodontic diagnostic mastery is experienced. Perhaps the best way to summarize the simplicity of this clinical diagnostic scheme is to quote Sherlock Holmes: "Nothing is more deceptive than the obvious." PMID:15164479

West, John D

2004-05-01

384

Compensation for occupational skin diseases.  

PubMed

The Korean list of occupational skin diseases was amended in July 2013. The past list was constructed according to the causative agent and the target organ, and the items of that list had not been reviewed for a long period. The revised list was reconstructed to include diseases classified by the International Classification of Diseases (10th version). Therefore, the items of compensable occupational skin diseases in the amended list in Korea comprise contact dermatitis; chemical burns; Stevens-Johnson syndrome; tar-related skin diseases; infectious skin diseases; skin injury-induced cellulitis; and skin conditions resulting from physical factors such as heat, cold, sun exposure, and ionized radiation. This list will be more practical and convenient for physicians and workers because it follows a disease-based approach. The revised list is in accordance with the International Labor Organization list and is refined according to Korean worker's compensation and the actual occurrence of occupational skin diseases. However, this revised list does not perfectly reflect the actual status of skin diseases because of the few cases of occupational skin diseases, incomplete statistics of skin diseases, and insufficient scientific evidence. Thus, the list of occupational diseases should be modified periodically on the basis of recent evidence and statistics. PMID:25006325

Song, Han-Soo; Ryou, Hyun-Chul

2014-06-01

385

Noninvasive evaluation of the swollen extremity: Experiences with 190 lymphoscintigraphic examinations  

SciTech Connect

Lymphoscintigraphy (LS), performed with technetium 99m-labeled antimony trisulfide colloid, was used as a noninvasive diagnostic examination to evaluate the lymphatic circulation in 190 extremities of 115 patients. Forty-six patients had primary lymphedema, 48 had secondary lymphedema, and 21 patients had other causes of limb swelling. To determine the value of LS in surgical decision making, preoperative and postoperative LS of 16 patients who underwent surgical repair of the lymphatic abnormality were studied separately. Semiquantitative evaluation of the lymphatic drainage and visual interpretation of the image patterns were reliable to differentiate lymphedema from edemas of other origin (sensitivity: 92%, specificity: 100%). Although certain image patterns were characteristic of either primary or secondary lymphedema, LS could not consistently differentiate between the two types. Episodes of cellulitis in lymphedema clearly delayed lymph transport. LS was helpful in patient selection and follow-up after lymphatic surgery, but it did not prove patency of lymphovenous anastomoses. It was diagnostic in the evaluation of lymphangiectasia and was used to document successful surgical treatment of reflux of chyle. LS is safe and reliable and has no side effects. It should replace contrast lymphangiography in the routine evaluation of the swollen extremity.

Gloviczki, P.; Calcagno, D.; Schirger, A.; Pairolero, P.C.; Cherry, K.J.; Hallett, J.W.; Wahner, H.W.

1989-05-01

386

Chronic interdigital dermatophytic infection: a common lesion associated with potentially severe consequences.  

PubMed

Interdigital intertrigo and onychomycosis has the potential cause of severe bacterial infectious complications with pain, mobility problems, abscess, erysipelas, cellulitis, fasciitis and osteomyelitis. In another hand, diabetic neuropathy, which affects 60-70% of those with diabetes mellitus, is one of the most troubling complications for persons with diabetes. These people are high suspecting to be infected by dermatophytic infections in interdigital spaces or onychomycosis witch are frequently induce damage to the stratum corneum, leading to bacterial proliferation and secondary infection. A patient presented with an asymptomatic warm, painless, erythematous swelling of the second left toe, which had been present for a few weeks. Clinically, the lesion was categorized as erysipelas upon an insidious abscess formation. Further investigation was undertaken to confirm the presence of diabetes. Leg erysipelas is a common affection which, according to various studies, has both local concomitants (interdigital intertrigo, lymphoedema, surgical antecedents) and/or general causes (immune suppression, diabetes, alcoholism, etc). Interdigital intertrigo, tinea pedis, and onychomycosis present as public health problems that could trigger serious deterioration in patient quality of life, due to complications induced by secondary bacterial infections. PMID:21035887

Vanhooteghem, Olivier; Szepetiuk, Gregory; Paurobally, Dilshad; Heureux, Françoise

2011-01-01

387

Fine Structure of Diffuse Scattering Rings in Al-Li-Cu Quasicrystal: A Comparative X-ray and Electron Diffraction Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comparative X-ray and electron diffraction study has been performed on Al-Li-Cu icosahedral quasicrystal in order to investigate the diffuse scattering rings revealed by a previous work. Electron diffraction confirms the existence of rings but shows that the rings have a fine structure. The diffuse aspect on the X-ray diffraction patterns is then due to an averaging effect. Recent simulations based on the model of canonical cells related to the icosahedral packing give diffractions patterns in agreement with this fine structure effect. Nous comparons les diagrammes de diffraction des rayon-X et des électrons obtenus sur les mêmes échantillons du quasicristal icosaèdrique Al-Li-Cu. Notre but est d'étudier les anneaux de diffusion diffuse mis en évidence par un travail précédent. Les diagrammes de diffraction électronique confirment la présence des anneaux mais ils montrent aussi que ces anneaux possèdent une structure fine. L'aspect diffus des anneaux révélés par la diffraction des rayons X est dû à un effet de moyenne. Des simulations récentes basées sur la décomposition en cellules canoniques de l'empilement icosaédrique produisent des diagrammes de diffraction en accord avec ces effects de structure fine.

Donnadieu, P.; Dénoyer, F.

1996-11-01

388

A Case of Helicobacter cinaedi Bacteremia in an Asplenic Patient  

PubMed Central

Helicobacter cinaedi is an enterohepatic species. It can cause bacteremia, gastroenteritis, and cellulitis, particularly in immunocompromised individuals, such as those with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, malignancy, or alcoholism. There are no previous reports of H. cinaedi infection in Korea. A 71-yr-old man was admitted to the emergency room because of dyspnea on November 9, 2011. He had undergone splenectomy 3 yr ago because of immune hemolytic anemia. Chest plain radiography revealed bilateral pleural effusion. He developed fever on hospital day (HD) 21. Three sets of blood cultures were taken, and gram-negative spiral bacilli were detected in all aerobic vials. The isolate grew in tiny colonies on chocolate agar after 3-day incubation under microaerophilic conditions. This organism tested positive for catalase and oxidase, and negative for urease. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of this isolate exhibited 99.8% homology with the published sequence of H. cinaedi CCUG 18818T (GenBank accession no. ABQT01000054) and 98.5% homology with the sequence of Helicobacter bilis Hb1T (GenBank accession no. U18766). The patient was empirically treated with piperacillin/tazobactam and levofloxacin, and discharged with improvement on HD 31. To our knowledge, this is the first report of H. cinaedi bacteremia in an asplenic patient. Asplenia appears to be a risk factor for H. cinaedi bacteremia.

Kim, Soo-Kyung; Cho, Eun-Jung; Sung, Heungsup; An, Dongheui; Park, Sook-Ja; Nam, Gi-Byoung

2012-01-01

389

Molecular Epidemiologic Analysis and Antimicrobial Resistance of Helicobacter cinaedi Isolated from Seven Hospitals in Japan  

PubMed Central

Helicobacter cinaedi colonizes the colons of human and animals and can cause colitis, cellulitis, and sepsis in humans, with infections in immunocompromised patients being increasingly recognized. However, methods for analyzing the molecular epidemiology of H. cinaedi are not yet established. A genotyping method involving multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was developed and used to analyze 50 H. cinaedi isolates from Japanese hospitals in addition to 6 reference strains. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) results were also compared with the MLST results. Based on the genomic information from strain CCUG18818, 21 housekeeping genes were selected as candidates for MLST and were observed to have high homology (96.5 to 100%) between isolates. Following a comparison of the 21 housekeeping genes from 8 H. cinaedi isolates, 7 genes were chosen for MLST, revealing 14 sequence types (STs). The isolates from 3 hospitals belonged to the same STs, but the isolates from the other 4 hospitals belonged to different STs. Isolates belonging to ST6 were analyzed by PFGE and showed similar, but not identical, patterns between isolates. Isolates belonging to ST9, ST10, and ST11, which belonged to the same clonal complex, had the same pattern. All isolates were found to contain mutations in GyrA and the 23S rRNA gene that confer ciprofloxacin and clarithromycin resistance, respectively, in H. cinaedi. These results raise concerns about the increase in H. cinaedi isolates resistant to clarithromycin and ciprofloxacin in Japan.

Mori, Shigetarou; Matsui, Mari; Suzuki, Satowa; Wachino, Jun-ichi; Kawamura, Yoshiaki; Shen, Zeli; Fox, James G.; Shibayama, Keigo

2012-01-01

390

Percutaneous tracheostomy in patients with cervical spine fractures--feasible and safe.  

PubMed

The aim of this study is to evaluate the short and long-term results of percutaneous tracheostomy in patients with documented cervical spine fracture. Between June 2000 and September 2005, 38 consecutive percutaneous tracheostomy procedures were performed on multi-trauma patients with cervical spine fracture. Modified Griggs technique was employed at the bedside in the general intensive care department. Staff thoracic surgeons and anesthesiologists performed all procedures. Demographics, anatomical conditions, presence of co-morbidities and complication rates were recorded. The average operative time was 10 min (6-15). Two patients had minor complications. One patients had minor bleeding (50 cc) and one had mild cellulitis. Nine patients had severe paraparesis or paraplegia prior to the PCT procedure and 29 were without neurological damage. There was no PCT related neurological deterioration. Twenty-eight patients were discharged from the hospital, 21 were decannulated. The average follow-up period was 18 months (1-48). There was no delayed, procedure related, complication. These results demonstrate that percutaneous tracheostomy is feasible and safe in patients with cervical spine fracture with minimal short and long-term morbidity. We believe that percutaneous tracheostomy is the procedure of choice for patients with cervical spine fracture who need prolonged ventilatory support. PMID:17670607

Ben Nun, Alon; Orlovsky, Michael; Best, Lael Anson

2006-08-01

391

Bacteriological skin and subcutaneous infections in injecting heroin users-relevance for custody.  

PubMed

Forensic medical examiners, custody nurses and police not infrequently come into physical contact with injecting heroin users whose injection sites maybe infected. Karch evaluated published reports on bacteriological findings at infected injection sites in drug users in 1996. Studies were then 10 years out of date. Recent concern has been about unexplained deaths in injecting heroin users, partly attributed to toxins produced by Clostridium novyii, Clostridium perfringens (welchii) and Clostridium botulinum. In response to this epidemic Lambeth, Southwark and Lewisham Health Authority (London, UK) urged investigation and treatment of injection site infection in heroin users within their area; circularising police stations and general practices with an official notice. In response, I followed up and treated in general practice 35 injecting heroin users with injection site infection presenting as detainees at two South London police stations. All swabs taken had a 48 hour incubation for anaerobic bacteria. At audit, no spore forming anaerobes were found. Just under 25% had non spore forming anaerobes such as bacteroides. Just over 50% had staphylococci in the injection site infection. Just under 20% had streptococci, half of which were beta haemolytic, a possible contact risk of infection being erysipelas, cellulitis, impetigo or conjunctivitis. No comparable studies were found but a study in New York in 1984 tabulated bacteriological findings of soft tissue infections in 29 hospitalised parenteral drug users. They found similar proportions of staphylococci, far more with streptococci, hardly any with non spore forming anaerobes and one case of spore forming anaerobic clostridium perfringens. PMID:16083689

Lettington, W

2002-06-01

392

Necrotizing soft tissue infections  

PubMed Central

Necrotizing soft tissue infections are a group of highly lethal infections that typically occur after trauma or surgery. Many individual infectious entities have been described, but they all have similar pathophysiologies, clinical features, and treatment approaches. The essentials of successful treatment include early diagnosis, aggressive surgical debridement, antibiotics, and supportive intensive treatment unit care. The two commonest pitfalls in management are failure of early diagnosis and inadequate surgical debridement. These life-threatening infections are often mistaken for cellulitis or innocent wound infections, and this is responsible for diagnostic delay. Tissue gas is not a universal finding in necrotizing soft tissue infections. This misconception also contributes to diagnostic errors. Incision and drainage is an inappropriate surgical strategy for necrotizing soft tissue infections; excisional debridement is needed. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may be useful, but it is not as important as aggressive surgical therapy. Despite advances in antibiotic therapy and intensive treatment unit medicine, the mortality of necrotizing soft tissue infections is still high. This article emphasizes common treatment principles for all of these infections, and reviews some of the more important individual necrotizing soft tissue infectious entities.???Keywords: fasciitis; gas gangrene; clostridium infections; streptococcal infections; necrosis; debridement; surgical infections; soft tissue infections

Urschel, J.

1999-01-01

393

A case of Mycobacterium goodii prosthetic valve endocarditis in a non-immunocompromised patient: use of 16S rDNA analysis for rapid diagnosis  

PubMed Central

Background Mycobacterium goodii is a rare cause of significant infection. M. goodii has mainly been associated with lymphadenitis, cellulitis, osteomyelitis, and wound infection. Case presentation A case of a 76-year-old Caucasian female is presented. The patient developed a prosthetic valve endocarditis caused by M. goodii. She had also suffered from severe neurological symptoms related to a septic emboli that could be demonstrated as an ischemic lesion found on CT of the brain. Transesophageal echocardiography verified a large vegetation attached to the prosthetic valve. Commonly used blood culture bottles showed growth of the bacteria after 3?days. Conclusions Although M. goodii is rarely involved in these kinds of severe infections, rapidly growing mycobacteria should be recognized during conventional bacterial investigations and identified by molecular tools such as analysis of 16S rDNA. Species identification of nontuberculous mycobacteria is demanding and is preferably done in collaboration with a mycobacterial laboratory. An early diagnosis provides the opportunity for adequate treatment. In the present case, prolonged antimicrobial treatment and surgery with replacement of the prosthetic valve was successful.

2012-01-01

394

The inhibition of RANK-ligand in the management of postmenopausal osteoporosis and related fractures: the role of denosumab.  

PubMed

There is great interest in new treatments of osteoporosis owing to general ageing of population and increased risk for fragility fractures in the elderly. Current therapies show a good efficacy in improving bone quality and bone density, but, in spite of a certain reduction in fracture rate, according to each treatment, the problem of osteoporotic fractures is yet far from to be solved. Moreover, some treatments may produce different side effects. Denosumab (Dmab), a receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand (RANKL)-inhibitor, is an agent recently introduced in clinical practice for treatment of osteoporosis of postmenopausal women. Dmab has improved bone mineral density and prevented new vertebral and non-vertebral fractures with a similar efficacy in comparison with alendronate. Many clinical studies showed Dmab produces also significant improvement versus placebo in bone quality as indicated by decreasing markers of bone turnover. Patients using Dmab reported less risk of AFF (Atypical Femoral Fractures) and ONJ (Osteonecrosis of the Jaw) with an increased number of cellulitis. Here, we review articles using Dmab for female post-menopausal osteoporosis. PMID:24592987

Capozzi, Anna; Lello, Stefano; Pontecorvi, Alfredo

2014-06-01

395

Bacterial vaginosis.  

PubMed Central

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common of the vaginitides affecting women of reproductive age. It appears to be due to an alteration in the vaginal ecology by which Lactobacillus spp., the predominant organisms in the healthy vagina, are replaced by a mixed flora including Prevotella bivia, Prevotella disiens, Porphyromonas spp., Mobiluncus spp., and Peptostreptococcus spp. All of these organisms except Mobiluncus spp. are also members of the endogenous vaginal flora. While evidence from treatment trials does not support the notion that BV is sexually transmitted, recent studies have shown an increased risk associated with multiple sexual partners. It has also been suggested that the pathogenesis of BV may be similar to that of urinary tract infections, with the rectum serving as a reservoir for some BV-associated flora. The organisms associated with BV have also been recognized as agents of female upper genital tract infection, including pelvic inflammatory disease, and the syndrome BV has been associated with adverse outcome of pregnancy, including premature rupture of membranes, chorioamnionitis, and fetal loss; postpartum endometritis; cuff cellulitis; and urinary tract infections. The mechanisms by which the BV-associated flora causes the signs of BV are not well understood, but a role for H2O2-producing Lactobacillus spp. in protecting against colonization by catalase-negative anaerobic bacteria has been recognized. These and other aspects of BV are reviewed.

Spiegel, C A

1991-01-01

396

Be vigilant for secondary periprosthetic joint infection.  

PubMed

Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is caused by haematogenous spread from a distant primary infection in 70% of deep infections. It can potentially be avoided by prompt recognition and treatment of the primary infection focus in susceptible patients. Streptococci are commonly implicated in such secondary infections. Group A, B, C and G streptococci can cause invasive, potentially life-threatening infection. Risk factors include diabetes, immunodeficiency and venous insufficiency Any patient with a joint replacement should be counselled to seek early attention for any soft tissue or dental infection. A course of antibiotics should be considered in any wound in which there has been significant contamination. Patients at risk of infection through impaired physical defences such as chronic venous insufficiency should be treated appropriately and consideration should be given to prophylactic treatment of varicose veins if there are early signs of chronic venous insufficiency. Mild, uncomplicated cellulitis can be treated with oral antibiotics, simple penicillin agents such as amoxicillin or flucloxacillin should be administered. Patients should be referred to hospital for consideration of parenteral antibiotics if they are exhibiting signs of systemic sepsis such as tachycardia, pyrexia or hypotension. PJI should be suspected if a patient with a joint replacement develops pain in that joint after a soft tissue, respiratory tract or dental infection. In cases of suspected PJI prompt orthopaedic advice should be sought and antibiotics withheld. PMID:21141250

Jenkins, Paul J; Phillips, Sally-Anne; Gaston, Paul; Dave, Jayshree; Breusch, Steffen J

2010-10-01

397

Serum zinc levels and their relationship with diseases in racehorses.  

PubMed

Zinc is one of the essential microelements involved in the regulation of enzyme activity, as well as metabolism of nucleic acid and proteins. There have been few reports on equine serum zinc concentrations during the training period, and little is known about the relationship between zinc levels and diseases in horses. In this study, we measured serum zinc levels in healthy Thoroughbred racehorses, as well as in other horses, under general disease or training conditions. The reference value for serum zinc levels in Thoroughbred horses was 41-79 ?g/dl. There were no differences in serum zinc levels due to sex or age. Significant decreases in serum zinc levels were observed after training, but serum zinc levels did not vary with intensity of sweating. Serum zinc levels were lower in horses clinically diagnosed as having shipping fever (36.3 ± 2.7 ?g/dl), fever (45.3 ± 3.0 ?g/dl) and cellulitis (44.0 ± 3.4 ?g/dl), as compared to control values (59.7 ± 9.7 ?g/dl). They also tended to decrease in experimentally infected horses one day after inoculation. Changes in serum zinc levels reached nadir one day after surgical invasion, except for a horse that experienced complicating shock. These results suggest that zinc is a serological indicator of inflammatory status in Thoroughbred horses. PMID:22972467

Murase, Harutaka; Sakai, Satoshi; Kusano, Kanichi; Hobo, Seiji; Nambo, Yasuo

2013-01-31

398

Recurrent paraneoplastic wells syndrome in a patient with metastatic renal cell cancer.  

PubMed

A 58-year-old man with a history of hyperlipidemia and hypertension presented to the dermatology clinic with a 3-month history of a sudden onset, progressively worsening pruritic eruption involving the torso and extremities. Prior treatment included azithromycin and oral and intramuscular steroids, without improvement. Laboratory results demonstrated a serum eosinophil count of 7x103/uL (normal 0-4). A 4-mm punch biopsy of the plaque on the patient's left thigh revealed a diffuse dermatitis with innumerable eosinophils with formation of "flame figures." Histologically, these findings are consistent with a diagnosis of Wells syndrome (WS). A work up for possible underlying malignancy found that the patient had underlying clear cell renal carcinoma. The eruption largely resolved following right laparoscopic nephrectomy with negative surgical margins, thus confirming the diagnosis of paraneoplastic WS. However, 2 years later the patient developed metastasis to his liver, lungs, and ribs. The patient's cancer has continued to progress despite treatment with high-dose interleukin-2, oral sunitinib, afinitor. avastin, azacytidine, and currently axitinib. Our case is the first to describe eosinophilic cellulitis arising in a patient with underlying renal cell carcinoma. PMID:24945651

Rajpara, Anand; Liolios, Ana; Fraga, Garth; Blackmon, Joseph

2014-01-01

399

Shewanella and Photobacterium spp. in oysters and seawater from the Delaware Bay.  

PubMed

Shewanella algae, S. putrefaciens, and Photobacterium damselae subsp. damselae are indigenous marine bacteria and human pathogens causing cellulitis, necrotizing fasciitis, abscesses, septicemia, and death. Infections are rare and are most often associated with the immunocompromised host. A study was performed on the microbiological flora of oysters and seawater from commercial oyster harvesting sites in the Delaware Bay, New Jersey. From 276 water and shellfish samples tested, 1,421 bacterial isolates were picked for biochemical identification and 170 (12.0%) of the isolates were presumptively identified as S. putrefaciens, 26 (1.8%) were presumptively identified as P. damselae subsp. damselae, and 665 (46.8%) could not be identified using the API 20E identification database. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA genes of 22 S. putrefaciens-like isolates identified them as S. abalonesis, S. algae, S. baltica, S. hafniensis, S. marisflavi, S. putrefaciens, Listonella anguillarum, and P. damselae. Beta-hemolysis was produced by some S. algae and P. damselae isolates, while isolates of S. baltica and L. anguillarum, species perceived as nonpathogenic, also exhibited beta-hemolysis and growth at 37 degrees C. To our knowledge, this is the first time these beta-hemolytic strains were reported from shellfish or seawater from the Delaware Bay. Pathogenic Shewanella and Photobacterium species could pose a health threat through the ingestion of contaminated seafood, by cuts or abrasions acquired in the marine environment, or by swimming and other recreational activities. PMID:18378645

Richards, Gary P; Watson, Michael A; Crane, Edward J; Burt, Iris G; Bushek, David

2008-06-01

400

Moisture effects on carbon and nitrogen emission from burning of wildland biomass  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) released from biomass burning have multiple effects on the Earth's biogeochemical cycle, climate change, and ecosystem. These effects depend on the relative abundances of C and N species emitted, which vary with fuel type and combustion conditions. This study systematically investigates the emission characteristics of biomass burning under different fuel moisture contents, through controlled burning experiments with biomass and soil samples collected from a typical alpine forest in North America. Fuel moisture in general lowers combustion efficiency, shortens flaming phase, and introduces prolonged smoldering before ignition. It increases emission factors of incompletely oxidized C and N species, such as carbon monoxide (CO) and ammonia (NH3). Substantial particulate carbon and nitrogen (up to 4 times C in CO and 75% of N in NH3) were also generated from high-moisture fuels, maily associated with the pre-flame smoldering. This smoldering process emits particles that are larger and contain lower elemental carbon fractions than soot agglomerates commonly observed in flaming smoke. Hydrogen (H)/C ratio and optical properties of particulate matter from the high-moisture fuels show their resemblance to plant cellulous and brown carbon, respectively. These findings have implications for modeling biomass burning emissions and impacts.

Chen, L.-W. A.; Verburg, P.; Shackelford, A.; Zhu, D.; Susfalk, R.; Chow, J. C.; Watson, J. G.

2010-07-01

401

Orbital mucormycosis in an immunocompetent individual  

PubMed Central

Background Orbital mucormycosis caused by Zygomycetes is a rare and fatal infection that generally affects the patients who are immunocompromised. Despite antifungal therapy and aggressive surgical intervention, mucormycosis can cause serious and rapidly fatal infections if delayed diagnosis or therapeutic management occurs. Here, we report orbital mucormycosis in a healthy boy, with a favorable outcome after aggressive treatment. He has had no recurrence since the end of his treatment. Case present A 2-year old healthy boy, some days after entry of dust particle to his left eye presented with swelling and redness of the eye. With diagnosis of “periorbital cellulitis” intravenous antibiotics vancomycin (40 mg/kg/day) and ceftriaxone (75 mg/kg/day) were started but no improvement was observed. The results of biopsy and tissue culture led us to a diagnosis of mucormycosis. Orbital exenteration, combined with intravenous amphotericin B (1 mg/kg/day), resulted in the patient's survival. Conclusion Due to the high mortality rate of mucormycosis, early diagnosis based on clinical findings and biopsy could be effective for management of the patients suffering from this infection.

Badiee, P; Jafarpour, Z; Alborzi, A; Haddadi, P; Rasuli, M; Kalani, M

2012-01-01

402

Advancement flap as a novel treatment for a pododermatitis lesion in a red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis).  

PubMed

Pododermatitis is a pathologic condition commonly reported in captive raptors and characterized by swelling, excoriation, ulceration, cellulitis, or abscessation of the plantar aspect of the foot. Its cause can be multifactorial, often involving abnormal weight bearing or poor sanitation, and medical and surgical techniques, in addition to environmental alterations, are hallmarks of treatment. In this case, a single pedicle advancement flap was used to treat chronic, nonresponsive grade V/VII pododermatitis of the right metatarsal pad in a red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis). The advancement flap was formed by using the interdigital skin between digits 3 and 4. The double layer of skin was incised and separated, and the leading edge of the flap was then advanced over the defect and secured with simple interrupted subcutaneous and skin sutures. The foot was bandaged after surgery to take pressure off the surgical site. At 58 days after the surgery, the hawk was deemed medically sound with no signs of pododermatitis and was released to a wildlife rehabilitator. The use of a single pedicle advancement flap has not previously been reported for the treatment of pododermatitis. PMID:24640931

Sander, Samantha; Whittington, Julia K; Bennett, Avery; Burgdorf-Moisuk, Anne; Mitchell, Mark A

2013-12-01

403

Increasing Hospitalizations and General Practice Prescriptions for Community-onset Staphylococcal Disease, England  

PubMed Central

Rates of hospital-acquired staphylococcal infection increased throughout the 1990s; however, information is limited on trends in community-onset staphylococcal disease in the United Kingdom. We used Hospital Episode Statistics to describe trends in hospital admissions for community-onset staphylococcal disease and national general practice data to describe trends in community prescribing for staphylococcal disease. Hospital admission rates for staphyloccocal septicemia, staphylococcal pneumonia, staphylococcal scalded-skin syndrome, and impetigo increased >5-fold. Admission rates increased 3-fold for abscesses and cellulitis and 1.5-fold for bone and joint infections. In primary care settings during 1991–2006, floxacillin prescriptions increased 1.8-fold and fusidic acid prescriptions 2.5-fold. The increases were not matched by increases in admission rates for control conditions. We identified a previously undescribed but major increase in pathogenic community-onset staphylococcal disease over the past 15 years. These trends are of concern given the international emergence of invasive community-onset staphylococcal infections.

Knott, Felicity; Petersen, Irene; Livermore, David M.; Duckworth, Georgia; Islam, Amir; Johnson, Anne M.

2008-01-01

404

Impact of antibiotic resistance in the management of ocular infections: the role of current and future antibiotics  

PubMed Central

Purpose: This article reviews the effects of the increase in bacterial resistance on the treatment of ocular infections. Design: Interpretive assessment. Methods: Literature review and interpretation. Results: Ocular bacterial infections include conjunctivitis, keratitis, endophthalmitis, blepharitis, orbital cellulitis, and dacryocystitis. Treatment for most ocular bacterial infections is primarily empiric with broad-spectrum antibiotics, which are effective against the most common bacteria associated with these ocular infections. However, the widespread use of broad-spectrum systemic antibiotics has resulted in a global increase in resistance among both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria to a number of the older antibiotics as well as some of the newer fluoroquinolones used to treat ophthalmic infections. Strategies for the prevention of the increase in ocular pathogen resistance should be developed and implemented. In addition, new antimicrobial agents with optimized pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties that have low toxicity, high efficacy, and reduced potential for the development of resistance are needed. Conclusions: New antimicrobial agents that treat ocular infections effectively and have a low potential for the development of resistance could be a part of strategies to prevent the global increase in ocular pathogen resistance.

Bertino, Joseph S

2009-01-01

405

Une maladie immunoprolif?rative de l'intestin gr?le r?v?l?e par une invagination intestinale aigue: ? propos d'un cas  

PubMed Central

La maladie immunoproliférative de l'intestin grêle IPSID est un lymphome rare qui se développé à partir du système lymphoïde associé aux muqueuses au niveau de l'intestin grêle. Sa révélation par une invagination intestinale aigue est exceptionnelle et n'a jamais été rapporté dans la littérature auparavant. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient de 65ans, admis aux urgences dans un tableau d'invagination intestinale aigue. Le scanner abdominal a mis en évidence masse grêlique à paroi concentrique avec incarcération du segment mésentérique au sein de la lésion fortement évocatrice d'une invagination intestinale. Le patient a été opéré et a bénéficié d'une résection iléale emportant le boudin d'invagination. L'examen histologique de la masse a été en faveur d'une maladie des chaines alpha transformée en un lymphome B diffus à grandes cellules. Les auteurs rapportent un cas rare d'une IPSID révélée par une invagination intestinale aigue et à travers cette observation, mettent en relief les principaux aspects cliniques, histologiques, thérapeutiques de cette entité avec une revue de la littérature.

Bennani, Amal; Znati, Kaoutar; Rezzouk, Salima; Bouhadouti, Hicham; Maazaz, Khalid; Amarti, Affaf

2014-01-01

406

[Complications of dental infections].  

PubMed

Infectious dental complications are quite frequent given the high incidence of tooth decay. Other pathologies not related to dental decay can cause mouth infectious such as periodontal infections, alveolitis, peri-coronitis of impacted wisdom tooth and secondary infection of dental fragments. Dental infection can be localised to apex (top of the root) or progress to soft and bony tissues surrounding the teeth. The most frequent germs involved in these infections are generally the same as saprophyte buccal flora but are often associated to other anaerobic germs. The following complications will be described in what concerns their etiology, pathology and treatment: abcess, fistula, phlegmon and cellulitis, odontogenic cysts, actinomycosis, craniofacial thrombophlebitis, osteitis and osteomyelitis, maxillary sinusitis, septicemia and local odontogenic infections. The consequences of these infections can vary according to immunologic resistance of the patient as well as the resistance of some germs to the most common antibiotics. Several factors should be taken in consideration in the treatment; patient history factors, germ virulence, maintaining or suppression of etiologic factors and drainage possibilities. PMID:11680190

Deroux, E

2001-09-01

407

Multiple skin ulcers due to Serratia marcescens in a immunocompetent patient.  

PubMed

Serratia marcescens is a species of gram negative bacillus, classified as a member of the Enterobacteriaceae, mainly involved in opportunistic infections, particulary in the hospital environment. Cutaneous infections have rarely reported in literature and are predominantly observed in elderly or in immunocompromised patients. The clinical manifestations of skin infections include granulomatous lesions, necrotizing fasciitis, nodules, cellulitis, ulcers, dermal abscesses. Infections caused by S. marcescens may be difficult to treat because of resistance to a variety of antibiotics, including ampicillin and first and second generation cephalosporins. Aminoglycosides have good activity against S. marcescens, but resistant strains have also been described. We report a very intriguing case of S. marcescens infection, in an immunocompetent 18-year-old man, causing multiple rounded ulcers of varying sizes, along with few pustular lesions that both clinically and histopathologically mimic a pyoderma gangrenosum (PG). This is a non infectious neutrophilic skin disorder, characterized by painful and rapidly progressing skin ulceration. According to our experience, we would strongly recommend to perform cultures of multiple skin ulcers resembling PG, even in young healthy patients, to ensure correct diagnosis and treatment, since resistant to conventional antibiotics bacteria such as S. marcescens may be the cause of these lesions, like in the case here reported. PMID:24819766

Carlesimo, M; Pennica, A; Muscianese, M; Bottoni, U; Abruzzese, C; Giubettini, M; Pranteda, G; Pranteda, G

2014-06-01

408

Design and Development of a Telerehabilitation Self-Management Program for Persons with Chronic Lower Limb Swelling and Mobility Limitations: Preliminary Evidence  

PubMed Central

This paper describes design and development of a self-management program, delivered by telerehabilitation (TR), to address the problem of chronic lower limb swelling in persons with limited mobility. The 18.6 million persons with limited mobility in the USA are at increased risk for chronic lower limb swelling and related secondary complications, including cellulitis and skin ulcers. Over time, chronic swelling often progresses to lymphedema, an incurable condition requiring lifelong care. Without successful self-management, lymphedema and its related complications inevitably worsen. Access and adherence to appropriate treatment are challenging for persons with limited mobility. Program development involved a structured process to establish content validity (videos and manuals), readability, suitability, and selection of a TR platform to deliver the educational program. Our goal was to develop a program that would engage patients in self-management skills. The TR software platform chosen, Versatile and Integrated System for Telerehabilitation (VISYTER) was designed to facilitate face-to-face delivery of an interactive home-based self-management program via the internet in real time. Results demonstrated validity of the educational program and ease of use with TR. Future plans are to evaluate ability of this approach to promote self-management skills, home monitoring, and improved management of persons with lymphedema and limited mobility.

Faett, Becky L.; Geyer, Mary Jo; Hoffman, Leslie A.; Brienza, David M.

2012-01-01

409

Mesures experimentales de l'impact des revetements hydrophobeset superhydrophobes sur la trainee et la portance d'un profil aerodynamique propre et glace  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ce projet, realise a la demande du Laboratoire International des Materiaux Antigivre, a pour but de mesurer et definir experimentalement l'impact de revetements hydrophobes sur les coefficients de trainee et de portance d'un profil NACA 0012. Pour ce faire, la balance aerodynamique du LIMA devait tout d'abord etre amelioree afin d'offrir une sensibilite suffisante pour realiser le projet. Plusieurs ameliorations ont ete faites, comme le changement des cellules de charge, la diminution du nombre de cellules de charge, le changement du cadre de la balance, etc. Une fois ces ameliorations terminees, la reproductibilite, l'exactitude et la sensibilite ont ete valides afin de s'assurer de la fiabilite des resultats offerts par la balance. Pour les angles d'attaque etudies avec les revetements, soient -6° et 0°, la balance a une reproductibilite de +/-2,06% a 360 000 de nombre de Reynolds. Pour valider la sensibilite, des essais a -6° et 0° d'angle d'attaque et des nombres de Reynolds de 360 000 et 500 000 ont ete faits avec des papiers sables. Les resultats de ces essais ont permis de, tracer des courbes de tendances du coefficient de trainee du NACA 0012 en fonction de la rugosite de surface et d'etablir la valeur de la sensibilite de la balance a +/-8 mu m. Cinq revetements populaires ont ete choisis pour l'experimentation, soient le Wearlon, le Staclean, le Hirec, le Phasebreak ainsi que le Nusil. Les revetements sont soumis aux memes conditions experimentales que les papiers sables, et une rugosite equivalente est trouvee par extrapolation des resultats. Cependant, les rugosites equivalentes de surfaces different entre -6° et 0°. Les essais avec le Staclean et le Hirec donnent des coefficients de trainee equivalent a ceux avec l'aluminium, alors que le Wearlon, le Nusil et le Phasebreak donnent une augmentation du coefficient de trainee de 13%, 17% et 25% respectivement par rapport a l'aluminium. Pour les coefficients de portance, la balance ne detecte pas l'effet des revetements, ni des papiers sables, sur la force de portance ce qui signifie qu'il entre dans l'insensibilite de la balance. La derniere etape experimentale consistait a mesurer l'impact des revetements sur la formation de la glace ainsi que sur l'evolution des coefficients de trainee et de portance du NACA 0012 en fonction de l'accumulation de glace sur celui-ci. Le Wearlon a ete choisi comme revetement en raison de sa grande popularite. Des essais a -5°C et -20°C ont ete faits et les resultats ont montres que le Wearlon n'apporte pas d'effet benefique au NACA 0012 en conditions d'accumulations de glace. L'augmentation du coefficient de trainee du profil muni du Wearlon debutait plus rapidement que sur l'aluminium et de l'eau gelait legerement plus loin vers l'arriere du profil pendant les essais, ce qui n'est pas souhaitable. Le coefficient de trainee est superieur d'environ 13% pour le Wearlon par rapport a l'aluminium pendant toute l'accumulation de glace, ce qui correspond au meme ecart lorsque la glace n'est pas en cause. Pour le coefficient de portance, les resultats ne peuvent etre utilises pour une raison qui doit etre investiguee.

Villeneuve, Eric

410

Variation du coefficient de collage de l'argent et de l'or durant leur condensation sur film de MgO  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The incidence rate dependence of the sticking coefficient during the growth of gold (or silver) condensate on MgO film is experimentally investigated for a substrate kept at room temperature. This MgO substrate is deposited on quartz monitor by evaporation under UHV from a Knudsen cell. Then, from another cell, the flux of metal atoms impinges on the MgO film which covers the quartz. Under this flux of incident metal atoms, the changes (respectively ? and f) of the temperature and of the frequency of the quartz oscillator are then simultaneously recorded. Both continuous measurements enable us to calculate, at different times t, the sticking coefficient ? (t) defined as the ration between the condensed metal rate q and the incident rate R. We use the results to plot ? versus t and examine the slope of ?-rise until the time t at which ? (t) reaches unity. The progression of ? (t) reaches unity. The progression of ? (t) from zero to unity during the metal deposition is explained by assuming that the nucleation on preferred sites with capture of adatoms at the edge of stable germs is the prevailing condensation mechanism at the initial stage of the condensation. Our experimental results could be fitted better by assuming an exponential growth of the site occupation than an increase of the number density n_s(t) with (Rt)^{1/3}. On étudie expérimentalement la dépendance que peut présenter, par rapport au flux métallique incident, la progression vers l'unité du coefficient de collage. Pour cela, on suit cette progression pour l'or et l'argent condensés sur film de MgO à température proche de l'ambiante. Le substrat de MgO est déposé sur un quartz de pesée par évaporation sous ultra-vide à partir d'une cellule de Knudsen. Une autre cellule est utilsée pour déposer l'un de ces métaux sur le film de MgO couvrant le quartz. Les variations ? et f de la température et de la fréquence d'oscillations du quartz de pesée sous le flux d'atomes incidents sont simultanement enregistrées. De telles mesures continues de ? et f permettent de calculer, à tout instant t, le coefficient ? (t), défini comme le rapport du flux métallique condensé q(t) au flux d'atomes incidents R. Nous pouvons, de cette manière, représenter ? (t) et examiner le changement d'allure de sa progression vers l'unité lorsque R croît. Pour interpréter cette progression, nous examinons les effets de la nucléation sur sites préférentiels et de la capture d'adatomes par les germes stables. Un modèle de croissance exponentielle de l'occupation des sites permet un meilleur ajustement théorique des résultats expérimentaux que celui obtenu avec une croissance de la densité de germes stables n_s(t) en (Rt)^{1/3}.

Desrousseaux, G.; Carlan, A.; Jiang, Z.

1993-10-01

411

The effects of topical mesenchymal stem cell transplantation in canine experimental cutaneous wounds  

PubMed Central

Background Adult stem cells have been widely investigated in bioengineering approaches for tissue repair therapy. We evaluated the clinical value and safety of the application of cultured bone marrow-derived allogenic mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for treating skin wounds in a canine model. Hypothesis Topical allogenic MSC transplantation can accelerate the closure of experimental full-thickness cutaneous wounds and attenuate local inflammation. Animals Adult healthy beagle dogs (n = 10; 3–6 years old; 7.2–13.1 kg) were studied. Methods Full-thickness skin wounds were created on the dorsum of healthy beagles, and allogenic MSCs were injected intradermally. The rate of wound closure and the degree of collagen production were analysed histologically using haematoxylin and eosin staining and trichrome staining. The degree of cellular proliferation and angiogenesis was evaluated by immunocytochemistry using proliferating cell nuclear antigen-, vimentin- and ?-smooth muscle actin-specific antibodies. Local mRNA expression levels of interleukin-2, interferon-?, basic fibroblast growth factor and matrix metalloproteinase-2 were evaluated by RT-PCR. Results Compared with the vehicle-treated wounds, MSC-treated wounds showed more rapid wound closure and increased collagen synthesis, cellular proliferation and angiogenesis. Moreover, MSC-treated wounds showed decreased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-2 and interferon-?) and wound healing-related factors (basic fibroblast growth factor and matrix metalloproteinase-2). Conclusion and clinical importance Topical transplantation of MSCs results in paracrine effects on cellular proliferation and angiogenesis, as well as modulation of local mRNA expression of several factors related to cutaneous wound healing. Résumé Contexte Les cellules souches adultes ont été largement étudiées dans les approches de bio-ingénierie pour la thérapie de réparation tissulaire. Nous évaluons l'efficacité clinique et la sécurité de l'application de cellules souches mésenchymateuses allogéniques en culture dérivées de moelle osseuse (MSCs) pour le traitement de plaies cutanées dans un modèle canin. Hypothèse La transplantation de MSC allogénique topique peut accélérer la fermeture en toute épaisseur de plaies cutanées expérimentales et atténuer l'inflammation locale. Sujets Des chiens beagles adultes sains (n = 10; 3–6 ans; 7.2–13.1 kg) ont été étudiés. Méthodes Des plaies cutanées en pleine épaisseur ont été crées sur la face dorsale des beagles sains et des MSCs allogènes ont été injectées par voie intradermique. Le taux de cicatrisation et le degré de production de collagène ont été analysés sur le plan histologique par colorations à l'hématoxyline et éosine et par trichrome. Le degré de prolifération cellulaire et d'angiogénèse ont été évalués par immunohistochimie à l'aide d'anticorps spécifiques d'antigène nucléaire de prolifération cellulaire, de vimentine et d'actine de muscle lisse ?. Les taux d'expression local d'ARNm d'interleukine-2, d'interféron-?, du facteur de croissance basique de fibroblaste et de métalloprotéinase-2 de matrice, ont été évalués par RT-PCR. Résultats Comparé avec les plaies traitées par excipient, les plaies traitées par les MSCs ont montré une plus rapide cicatrisation et une augmentation de synthèse de collagène, de prolifération cellulaire er d'angiogénèse. En outre, Les plaies traitées au MSC ont montré une expression diminuée de cytokines pro-inflammatoires (interleukine-2 et interféron-?) et des facteurs liés à la cicatrisation (facteur de croissance basique de fibrob

Kim, Ju-Won; Lee, Jong-Hwan; Lyoo, Young S; Jung, Dong-In; Park, Hee-Myung

2013-01-01

412

Hydrodynamic model of cells for designing systems of urban groundwater drainage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An improved mathematical hydrodynamic quasi-two-dimensional model of cells, CELSUB3, is presented for simulating drainage systems that consist of pumping well fields or subsurface drains. The CELSUB3 model is composed of an assemblage of algorithms that have been developed and tested previously and that simulate saturated flow in porous media, closed conduit flow, and flow through pumping stations. A new type of link between aquifer cells and drainage conduits is proposed. This link is verified in simple problems with well known analytical solutions. The correlation between results from analytical and mathematical solutions was considered satisfactory in all cases. To simulate more complex situations, the new proposed version, CELSUB3, was applied in a project designed to control the water-table level within a sewer system in Chañar Ladeado Town, Santa Fe Province, Argentina. Alternative drainage designs, which were evaluated under conditions of dynamic recharge caused by rainfall in a critical year (wettest year for the period of record) and a typical year, are briefly described. After analyzing ten alternative designs, the best technical-economic solution is a subsurface drainage system of closed conduits with pumping stations and evacuation channels. Résumé. Un modèle hydrodynamique perfectionné de cellules en quasi 2D, CELSUB3, est présenté dans le but de simuler des systèmes de drainage qui consistent en des champs de puits de pompage ou de drains souterrains. Le modèle CELSUB3 est composé d'un assemblage d'algorithmes développés et testés précédemment et qui simulent des écoulements en milieu poreux saturé, en conduites et dans des stations de pompage. Un nouveau type de lien entre des cellules d'aquifères et des drains est proposé. Ce lien est vérifié dans des problèmes simples dont les solutions analytiques sont bien connues. La corrélation entre les résultats des solutions analytiques et des solutions mathématiques a été considérée comme satisfaisante dans tous les cas. Afin de simuler des situations plus complexes, la nouvelle version proposée, CELSUB3, a été mise en œuvre dans un projet destiné à contrôler le niveau de la nappe à l'intérieur d'un système d'égouts, dans la ville de Chaar Ladeado (province de Santa Fe, Argentine). Différentes organisations du projet de drainage, qui ont été testées pour des conditions de recharge dynamique causées par la pluie au cours d'une année critique (la plus humide de la chronique disponible) et une année typique, sont brièvement décrites. Après analyse de dix organisations différentes, la meilleure solution technico-économique retenue est un système de drainage souterrain de conduites avec des stations de pompage et des canaux d'évacuation. Resumen. Se presenta un modelo matemático hidrodinámico cuasi-bidimensional de celdas, CELSUB3, apto para la simulación integral de sistemas de drenaje subterráneo basados en campos de bombeo o drenes subsuperficiales. El modelo de simulación presenta un ensamble de algoritmos, previamente desarrollados y testeados, que representan al escurrimiento a través del medio poroso saturado, escurrimiento en conducciones cerradas, estaciones de bombeo, etc. En la estructura del modelo se propone un nuevo tipo de vinculación entre celdas acuíferas y conductos de drenaje, la cual es verificada en problemas simples con solución analítica conocida arrojando, en todos los casos, resultados satisfactorios. Abordando situaciones más complejas, la nueva versión propuesta fue aplicada en un proyecto de control de niveles freáticos que acompaña un sistema de conductos cloacales, en la localidad de Chañar Ladeado, Santa Fe, Argentina. Se describen las alternativas de drenaje consideradas las cuales fueron evaluadas bajo recargas dinámicas provocadas por años críticamente lluviosos y en situaciones típicas. Los resultados derivados permitieron definir, tras analizar una decena de proyectos alternativos, la mejor solución técnico-económica consistente en un sistema de drenes subte

Zimmermann, Eric; Riccardi, Gerardo

2000-08-01

413

Organ preservation at low temperature: a physical and biological problem  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Before reporting the preliminary results obtained by our group, we first review the main problems to be solved in the preservation of organs at very low temperature, before being transplanted. This cryopreservation is being presently explored in order to increase the preservation tiine of transplants and to contribute to a better control of the donor recipient compatibility. We recall that, for the isolated cells to be preserved at nitrogen liquid temperatures, as now successfully performed at industrial scale, it is necessary to immerse the cells in a solution containing more or less t,oxical additives (so-called cryopro tect ants). Furthermore cooling and warming rates must be specific of each type of cells. We then show that cryo preservation could be extrapolated to whole organs by means of vitrification, the only way to avoid any ice crystallization. This vitrification will be the result of two directions of research, the one on the elaboration of cryoprotective solutions, the least toxic possible, the other on the obtention of high enough and homogeneous cooling and warming rates. After having briefly summarized the state of research on the heart and kidneys of small mammals, we present the first results that we have obtained on perfusion at 4 ^{circ}C and the auto-transplantation of rabbit kidneys, on the toxicity of a new cryoprotectant, 2,3-butanediol, on the heart rate, and on the cooling of experimental models of organs. Avant de présenter les résultats préliminaires obtenus par notre groupe, nous passons d'abord en revue les principaux problèmes à résoudre pour conserver à très basse température des organes en vue de leur transplantation. Cette cryopréservation est une voie de recherche actuellement explorée pour augmenter la durée de conservation des greffons et permettre ainsi de mieux contrôler la compatibilité donneur-receveur. Nous rappelons que la conservation des cellules isolées à la température de l'azote liquide, actuellement réalisée avec succès à l'échelle industrielle, ne peut se faire qu'en présence de substances plus ou moins toxiques dites cryoprotectrices, et à condition de respecter des vitesses de refroidissement et de réchauffement adaptées à chaque type de cellule. Nous montrons ensuite que l'extension de la cryopréservation au cas des organes entiers ne pourra se faire qu'au moyen de la vitrification, seule solution pour éviter toute formation de glace. Cette vitrification sera l'aboutissement de 2 axes de recherche, l'un sur l'élaboration de solutions cryoprotectrices les moins toxiques possibles, l'autre sur l'obtention de vitesses de refroidissement et de réchauffement suffisamment élevées et homogènes. Après avoir brièvement résumé l'état des recherches sur le coeur et le rein de petits mammifères, nous présentons les premiers résultats que nous avons obtenus sur la perfusion à 4 ^{circ}C et l'autotransplantation de reins de lapin, sur la toxicité sur le coeur de rat d'un nouveau cryoprotecteur le 2,3-butanediol, et sur le refroidissement de systèmes modèles expérimentaux d'organes.

Aussedat, J.; Boutron, P.; Coquilhat, P.; Descotes, J. L.; Faure, G.; Ferrari, M.; Kay, L.; Mazuer, J.; Monod, P.; Odin, J.; Ray, A.

1993-02-01

414

Endoscopic vein harvest in elective off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.  

PubMed

While traditional open vein harvest was related to postoperative wound complications, endoscopic vein harvest was developed to minimize the morbidity in the greater saphenous vein harvest procedure. In this study, these two procedures were compared for postoperative wound healing and long-term graft patency. We reviewed all consecutive patients undergoing elective off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting from January 2004 to December 2005 and collected data regarding wound complications and coronary events. Wound complications included dehiscence, excessive discharge, edema, altered sensation, cellulitis, hematoma, pain scale, and superficial and deep wound infection. Coronary events were defined as diagnosis of myocardial infarction during the first year's follow-up. A total of 392 patients were included in our series, among whom 44 were excluded from the study due to emergent operation, preoperative intra-aortic balloon pump support, or the greater saphenous vein varicose characteristic, 78 belonged to open vein harvest group, and 270 to endoscopic vein harvest group. Wound complications were significantly less in the endoscopic group (5.2%) compared to the open group (19.2%) (P=0.0002). There was no significant difference on preoperative risk factors, total operative time, or hospitalization days. During one-year follow-up, both the early and late graft patency rates were similar between the two groups. Endoscopic vein harvest is safe and effective, which carries less risk for wound complications and is associated with better satisfaction and cosmetic result than the traditional greater saphenous vein harvest procedure. The endoscopic vein harvest also demonstrates a great long-term patency. PMID:19816999

Chou, Nai-kuan; Lee, Meng-lin; Wang, Shoei-shen

2009-10-01

415

Wound-healing protocols for diabetic foot and pressure ulcers.  

PubMed

Diabetic foot and pressure ulcers are chronic wounds by definition. They share similar pathogeneses; i.e., a combination of increased pressure and decreased angiogenic response. Neuropathy, trauma, and deformity also often contribute to development of both types of ulcers. Early intervention and proper treatment should result in complete healing of non-ischemic diabetic foot and pressure ulcers, as defined by 100% epithelialization and no drainage (if no osteomyelitis is present). The authors developed the following paradigm, which has proved to be highly effective for complete healing of these wounds: 1) recognition that all patients with limited mobility are at risk for a sacral, ischial, trochanteric, or heel pressure ulcer; 2) daily self-examination of the sacral, ischium, buttocks, hips, and heels of all bed-bound patients and the feet of patients with diabetes with risk factors (e.g., neuropathy); 3) initiation of a treatment protocol immediately upon recognition of a break in the skin (i.e., emergence of a new wound); 4) objective measurement by planimetry of every wound (at a minimum, weekly) and documentation of its progress; 5) establishment of a moist wound-healing environment; 6) relief of pressure from the wound; 7) debridement of all non-viable tissue in the wound; 8) elimination of all drainage and cellulitis; 9) cellular therapy or growth factors for patients with wounds that do not heal rapidly after initial treatment; and 10) continuous physical and psychosocial support for all patients. If this paradigm is followed, most diabetic foot and pressure ulcers are expected to heal. PMID:12931288

Brem, Harold; Jacobs, Tom; Vileikyte, Loretta; Weinberger, Sarah; Gibber, Mark; Gill, Kiran; Tarnovskaya, Alina; Entero, Hyacinth; Boulton, Andrew J M

2003-01-01

416

HMGB1 in severe soft tissue infections caused by Streptococcus pyogenes  

PubMed Central

Extracellular High Mobility Group Box 1 (HMGB1) has been associated with acute and chronic inflammatory conditions. However, little is known about HMGB1 in necrotizing bacterial infections. We hypothesized that the local HMGB1 response is excessive in severe soft tissue infections (STIs), which are characterized by necrosis and hyperinflammation. To explore this, tissue biopsies were collected from patients with varying severity of Streptococcus pyogenes skin and STIs, including erysipelas, cellulitis, and necrotizing fasciitis. Tissue sections were immunostained for HMGB1, S. pyogenes, and inflammatory cell infiltrates and results quantified by acquired computerized image analysis (ACIA). HMGB1 expression increased in parallel to disease severity and was significantly higher in necrotizing fasciitis than in erysipelas (p = 0.0023). Confocal microscopy of sections co-stained for HMGB1 and cell markers revealed both extracellular and cytoplasmic HMGB1, the latter of which was found predominantly in macrophages. To further verify macrophages as main source of activation triggered HMGB1 release, human macrophages were infected with clinical S. pyogenes isolates. The results demonstrated infection triggered release of HMGB1. Dual staining's visualized HMGB1 in areas close to, but not overlapping, with neutrophils, indicating a potential chemotactic role. In vitro transmigration experiments showed a chemotactic effect of HMGB1 on neutrophils. The data furthermore provided in vivo support that HGMB1 may form immunostimulatory complexes with IL-1?. Taken together, the findings provide the first in vivo evidence that HMGB1 is abundant at the local site of severe bacterial STIs and its levels correlated to severity of infections; hence, indicating its potential value as a biomarker for tissue pathology.

Johansson, Linda; Snall, Johanna; Sendi, Parham; Linner, Anna; Thulin, Pontus; Linder, Adam; Treutiger, Carl-Johan; Norrby-Teglund, Anna

2014-01-01

417

Feasibility and Effectiveness of Indicator Condition-Guided Testing for HIV: Results from HIDES I (HIV Indicator Diseases across Europe Study)  

PubMed Central

Improved methods for targeting HIV testing among patients most likely to be infected are required; HIDES I aimed to define the methodology of a European wide study of HIV prevalence in individuals presenting with one of eight indicator conditions/diseases (ID); sexually transmitted infection, lymphoma, cervical or anal cancer/dysplasia, herpes zoster, hepatitis B/C, mononucleosis-like illness, unexplained leukocytopenia/thrombocytopenia and seborrheic dermatitis/exanthema, and to identify those with an HIV prevalence of >0.1%, a level determined to be cost effective. A staff questionnaire was performed. From October 2009– February 2011, individuals, not known to be HIV positive, presenting with one of the ID were offered an HIV test; additional information was collected on previous HIV testing behaviour and recent medical history. A total of 3588 individuals from 16 centres were included. Sixty-six tested positive for HIV, giving an HIV prevalence of 1.8% [95% CI: 1.42–2.34]; all eight ID exceeded 0.1% prevalence. Of those testing HIV positive, 83% were male, 58% identified as MSM and 9% were injecting drug users. Twenty percent reported previously having potentially HIV-related symptoms and 52% had previously tested HIV negative (median time since last test: 1.58 years); which together with the median CD4 count at diagnosis (400 cell/uL) adds weight to this strategy being effective in diagnosing HIV at an earlier stage. A positive test was more likely for non-white individuals, MSM, injecting drug users and those testing in non-Northern regions. HIDES I describes an effective strategy to detect undiagnosed HIV infection. All eight ID fulfilled the >0.1% criterion for cost effectiveness. All individuals presenting to any health care setting with one of these ID should be strongly recommended an HIV test. A strategy is being developed in collaboration with ECDC and WHO Europe to guide the implementation of this novel public health initiative across Europe.

Sullivan, Ann K.; Raben, Dorthe; Reekie, Joanne; Rayment, Michael; Mocroft, Amanda; Esser, Stefan; Leon, Agathe; Begovac, Josip; Brinkman, Kees; Zangerle, Robert; Grzeszczuk, Anna; Vassilenko, Anna; Hadziosmanovic, Vesna; Krasnov, Maksym; Sonnerborg, Anders; Clumeck, Nathan; Gatell, Jose; Gazzard, Brian; Monforte, Antonella d'Arminio; Rockstroh, Jurgen; Lundgren, Jens D.

2013-01-01

418

Sur la reponse en frequence du tissu nerveux dans le cortex  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dans cette These de Physique, nous avons etudie la dependance en frequence du champ electrique du tissu nerveux dans le cortex. Ce champ est aussi designe par "Local field Potential" LFP dans la litterature scientifique. Cette etude est fondee sur la theorie du champ electromagnetisme de Maxwell et sur de l'information tiree de la donne experimentale. Le resultat essentiel de cette These est que la grandeur enorme du temps de relaxation de Maxwell des membranes cellulaires semble etre la cause principale de la dependance en frequence des LFPs. Cette dependance en frequence causee par chaque membrane cellulaire est l'analogue d'un circuit RC ou la resistance R est la resistivite parallele d'une membrane cellulaire, et ou la capacite C est la permittivite electrique de la membrane. L'effet resultant d'un tres grand nombre de cellules donne un spectre de Fourier dont l'enveloppe est tres pres d'un signal en 1/f. Le modele physique propose dans cette These permet de lier les mesures prises a l'interieur d'une dendrite des variations de potentiel electrique a celles prises dans le liquide extracellulaire. De plus, cette These semble ouvrir la possibilite de mesurer le temps de relaxation de Maxwell des membranes cellulaires a l'aide de la mesure de la reponse en frequence du potentiel electrique extracellulaire (LFP). Enfin, cette These permet de lever le voile sur un sujet peu etudie, principalement en raison de la difficulte que represente l'etude des phenomenes electriques dans des milieux complexes comme les tissus vivants. En particulier, le probleme du filtrage frequentiel du potentiel electrique extracellulaire est une propriete fondamentale du tissu nerveux et son origine n'est pas connue.

Bedard, Claude

419

Comparison of Digital Planimetry and Ruler Technique To Measure ABSSSI Lesion Sizes in the ESTABLISH-1 Study  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background: In August 2010, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued draft guidelines for developing antibiotics for treating acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI), with the outcome measure of such treatment relying primarily on the cessation of spread or on the decrease in size of skin lesions at 48–72?h after the initiation of such treatment. In 2012, the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health proposed an interim outcome measure defined as a reduction in lesion size by ?20% at a 48–72?h examination. These recent changes make it necessary to identify reliable methods for measuring the lesions in acute infections of the skin. Methods: In the first study of the Efficacy and Safety of 6-day Oral Tedizolid in Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infections vs. 10-day Oral Linezolid Therapy (ESTABLISH–1), the sizes of ABSSSI lesions were evaluated with the two methodologies of: (1) Digital planimetry (DP) of photographed lesions, and (2) a ruler technique (RT) with measurement of the longest head-to-toe length and greatest perpendicular width of lesions, to compare the respective response rates of lesions to the two antimicrobial regimens in the study. Results: The RT method and DP showed similar percentages of subjects in which treatment stopped the spread of ABSSSI lesions (93.2% vs. 94.2%, respectively) but showed less agreement for a reduction in lesion size, of ?20% (87.7% vs. 62.0%, respectively) across all categories of lesions (cellulitis/erysipelas, major cutaneous abscess, and acute wound infection) at 48–72?h after the initiation of treatment. Conclusion: The results of the ESTABLISH–1 study show that both the RT method and DP are consistent and reliable techniques for measuring the sizes of ABSSSI lesions. Ultimately, changes in lesion size, rather than the absolute value of lesion size, will be used to assess the outcomes of treatment for ABSSSI in clinical research.

De Anda, Carisa; Prokocimer, Philippe

2014-01-01

420

Fournier's gangrene developing secondary to infected hydrocele: A unique clinical scenario  

PubMed Central

We report the first case of Fournier's gangrene (FG) developing secondary to an infected hydrocele worldwide. We present a case report with a brief overview of the literature relating to FG and its aetiology, diagnosis and management. A 70 year-old male was referred by his General Practitioner with a 2 week history of worsening symptoms of scrotal discomfort and swelling. Following clinical examination, an initial diagnosis of an infected right-sided hydrocele was made and treatment, consisting of antibiotics, was initiated. Despite showing good clinical improvement, several days later, necrotic areas were observed over the right hemiscrotum with spreading cellulitis. A diagnosis of FG was made. The patient was started on triple–therapy antibiotics and taken to the operating room for urgent surgical debridement. Necrotic skin and subcutaneous tissue extending over the perineum and lower anterior abdomen was debrided down to healthy tissue. A further debridement took place 2 days later. The patient continued to improve and was eventually discharged under the care of Plastic Surgeons for reconstruction of the soft tissue defect. FG is a type of necrotising fasciitis predominantly affecting the male perineal, perianal, genital and anterior abdominal wall regions. It has a significant mortality rate, and the key to survival is early detection and treatment consisting of antibiotics and surgical debridement of the affected area. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of FG developing secondary to an existing hydrocele without any prior urological intervention. The case highlights the important clinical diagnostic and therapeutic interventions required to prevent complications associated with this, potentially fatal, condition.

Sarwar, Umran; Akhtar, Nadeem

2012-01-01

421

Complications in tissue expander breast reconstruction: a comparison of AlloDerm, DermaMatrix, and FlexHD acellular inferior pole dermal slings.  

PubMed

Acellular dermal matrix (ADM) is frequently used in tissue expander breast reconstruction (TEBR) for coverage of the inferior pole. Several published studies have suggested increased rates of complications with the use of ADM. It is unknown, however, if the type of ADM used for TEBR impacts complication rates. The aim of this study is to compare 3 different types of ADM for TEBR in regard to clinically significant complications, specifically infection. We performed a retrospective analysis of primary breast cancer-related TEBR with or without ADM. Exclusion criteria consisted of prior major breast surgery, inadequate data, or loss to follow-up. Reconstructions were grouped by dermal sling type, AlloDerm, DermaMatrix (DM), FlexHD (FHD), or no ADM. Complications included cellulitis, abscess, seroma, expander leak or puncture, skin necrosis, wound dehiscence, or hematoma. Those requiring admission to hospital or reoperation were considered significant. Of 284 breasts reconstructed, 49 used AlloDerm, 110 used DM, 62 used FHD, and 64 used no ADM. The total complication rate with AlloDerm was 22% [95% confidence interval (CI), 11-34], with DM was 15% (95% CI, 8-21), and with FHD was 18% (95% CI, 8-28) (P=0.47). Infectious complication rates for AlloDerm, DM, and FHD were equal at 10% (P=0.97). The total complication rate of all ADM reconstructions as a grouped cohort was 17% compared to 11% without ADM (P=0.48). The overall incidence of infectious complications with ADM was 10% compared to 2% without ADM (P=0.09). There is no difference in the clinically significant overall complication rate or incidence of infection between AlloDerm, DM, and FHD. Isolating infectious complications, there is a trend toward increased incidence with ADM compared to reconstructions without. PMID:22868313

Brooke, Sebastian; Mesa, John; Uluer, Mehmet; Michelotti, Brett; Moyer, Kurtis; Neves, Rogerio I; Mackay, Donald; Potochny, John

2012-10-01

422

The safety of ibuprofen suspension in children.  

PubMed

This paper describes two studies in children with fever in which the safety of ibuprofen was compared with that of paracetamol. The Boston University Fever Study aimed to assess the risk of rare but serious adverse events in febrile children. There were 795 admissions among 84,192 children during the study. There were no significant differences between the drugs in the risk of admission or the risk of secondary endpoints (admissions for asthma or cellulitis, or physician visits for abdominal pain or dyspepsia) and no evidence of clinically significant impairment of renal function. However, ibuprofen was associated with a significantly lower risk of physician visits for asthma: the incidence associated with ibuprofen was 3.0% (CI95% 2.1, 4.1) compared with 5.1% (CI95% 3.5, 7.1) for paracetamol (P = 0.02). The second study was a case control study to investigate a possible association between antipyretic medication, varicella infection and necrotising fasciitis. We identified 52 children aged under 19 years who were admitted to hospital with varicella and Group A streptococcal infection and 172 matched controls with uncomplicated varicella. The risk of invasive Group A streptococcal infection was associated with demographic and environmental factors and persistent high fever. There was no association with the use of ibuprofen or paracetamol alone, but the use of both agents was significantly associated with streptococcal infection. These studies demonstrate that children with fever tolerate treatment with ibuprofen as well as treatment with paracetamol. Neither agent is associated with an increased risk of necrotising soft tissue infections. PMID:12723748

Lesko, Samuel M

2003-04-01

423

Bone marrow blood vessel ossification and "microvascular dead space" in rat and human long bone.  

PubMed

Severe calcification of the bone microvascular network was observed in rats, whereby the bone marrow blood vessels appeared ossified. This study sought to characterize the magnitude of ossification in relation to patent blood vessels and adipocyte content in femoral diaphyses. Additionally, this study confirmed the presence of ossified vessels in patients with arteriosclerotic vascular disease and peripheral vascular disease and cellulitis. Young (4-6month; n=8) and old (22-24month; n=8) male Fischer-344 rats were perfused with barium sulfate to visualize patent bone marrow blood vessels. Femoral shafts were processed for bone histomorphometry to quantify ossified (Goldner's Trichrome) and calcified (Alizarin Red) vessels. Adipocyte content was also determined. Additional femora (n=5/age group) were scanned via ?CT to quantify microvascular ossification. Bone marrow blood vessels from the rats and the human patients were also isolated and examined via microscopy. Ossified vessels (rats and humans) had osteocyte lacunae on the vessel surfaces and "normal" vessels were transitioning into bone. The volume of ossified vessels was 4800% higher (p<0.05) in the old vs. young rats. Calcified and ossified vessel volumes per tissue volume and calcified vessel volume per patent vessel volume were augmented (p<0.05) 262%, 375% and 263%, respectively, in the old vs. young rats. Ossified and patent vessel number was higher (171%) and lower (40%), respectively, in the old vs. young rats. Finally, adipocyte volume per patent vessel volume was higher (86%) with age. This study is the first to report ossification of bone marrow blood vessels in rats and humans. Ossification presumably results in "microvascular dead space" in regard to loss of patency and vasomotor function as opposed to necrosis. Progression of bone microvascular ossification may provide the common link associated with age-related changes in bone and bone marrow. The clinical implications may be evident in the difficulties treating bone disease in the elderly. PMID:24680721

Prisby, Rhonda D

2014-07-01

424

Methodology for evaluating Insite: Canada's first medically supervised safer injection facility for injection drug users  

PubMed Central

Many Canadian cities are experiencing ongoing infectious disease and overdose epidemics among injection drug users (IDUs). In particular, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and hepatitis C Virus (HCV) have become endemic in many settings and bacterial and viral infections, such as endocarditis and cellulitis, have become extremely common among this population. In an effort to reduce these public health concerns and the public order problems associated with public injection drug use, in September 2003, Vancouver, Canada opened a pilot medically supervised safer injecting facility (SIF), where IDUs can inject pre-obtained illicit drugs under the supervision of medical staff. The SIF was granted a legal exemption to operate on the condition that its impacts be rigorously evaluated. In order to ensure that the evaluation is appropriately open to scrutiny among the public health community, the present article was prepared to outline the methodology for evaluating the SIF and report on some preliminary observations. The evaluation is primarily structured around a prospective cohort of SIF users, that will examine risk behavior, blood-borne infection transmission, overdose, and health service use. These analyses will be augmented with process data from within the SIF, as well as survey's of local residents and qualitative interviews with users, staff, and key stakeholders, and standardised evaluations of public order changes. Preliminary observations suggest that the site has been successful in attracting IDUs into its programs and in turn helped to reduce public drug use. However, each of the indicators described above is the subject of a rigorous scientific evaluation that is attempting to quantify the overall impacts of the site and identify both benefits and potentially harmful consequences and it will take several years before the SIF's impacts can be appropriately examined.

Wood, Evan; Kerr, Thomas; Lloyd-Smith, Elisa; Buchner, Chris; Marsh, David C; Montaner, Julio SG; Tyndall, Mark W

2004-01-01

425

Gastric and enterohepatic non-Helicobacter pylori Helicobacters.  

PubMed

A substantial number of reports published in the last year have contributed to a better understanding of both human and animal infection with non-Heli