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1

University of Alabama in Huntsville: Earth System Science Center (ESSC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Alabama in Huntsville created the Earth System Science Center (ESSC) "to encourage interdisciplinary study of the Earth as an integrated system across traditional boundaries." This website offers innumerable links to research projects associated with the Center. Users can learn about studies to understand the accumulation of ozone and other oxidants near the ground, the use of advanced radar in meteorological investigations, the employment of remote sensing to understand how aerosols and clouds affect climate and air quality, and much more. Researchers can find meteorological and modeling data sets, publications, and information on recent and upcoming events.

2

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE STUDENT POPULATION, UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA RESIDENT CENTER, HUNTSVILLE, ALABAMA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE MAIN PURPOSE OF THIS 1959 SURVEY WAS TO ANALYZE SOME OF THE BASIC CHARACTERISTICS OF STUDENTS AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA RESIDENT CENTER, HUNTSVILLE. FINDINGS WERE TABULATED IN SUMMARY FORM AND BY MAJOR FIELDS OF ACADEMIC INTEREST. OF THE STUDENTS (LARGELY YOUNG ADULTS), 51 PERCENT WERE IN ENGINEERING. ONLY 16 PERCENT WERE FEMALE. MOST…

FRANKLIN, ELTON

3

Temporary Laboratory Office in Huntsville Industrial Center Building  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Temporary quarters in the Huntsville Industrial Center (HIC) building located in downtown Huntsville, Alabama, as Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) grew. This image shows drafting specialists from the Propulsion and Vehicle Engineering Laboratory at work in the HIC building.

1964-01-01

4

Huntsville Operations Support Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Information is given in viewgraph form on the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC). The HOSC is a multi-mission control and support facility designed to provide simultaneous support to several diverse missions, using a common set of processing equipment and facilities. Information is given on the missions supported by the HOSC; facility layout; generic system goals; HOSC existing computer architecture; current mission requirements; currently employed hardware and software; front end processing; central processing; peripheral processors; audio and video communications; and upgrading plans.

Bailey, Darrell G.

1991-01-01

5

Performance of the Huntsville, Alabama Marx Meter Array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Huntsville, Alabama Marx Meter Array (HAMMA) is a network of ground-based electric field change meters (Marx meters) deployed in Huntsville, Alabama and the surrounding areas. The Marx meters use GPS timing and have a sampling rate of 1 MHz. It has been shown previously, using several particular events, that time-of-arrival analysis can be used on HAMMA waveforms to locate lightning events. The natural next step is to devise an automated method for parsing HAMMA data and determining cloud-to-ground stroke locations and times for many strokes, which then should be compared with results from other well-characterized data sets. We will report on the results from this analysis and the comparison of these results with those from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN). The discussion will include location errors and detection efficiency as a function of distance from the center of the array.

Burchfield, J. C.; Bitzer, P. M.; Franklin, V.; Christian, H. J.

2011-12-01

6

Geology of the Huntsville quadrangle, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The 7 1/2-minute Huntsville quadrangle is in south-central Madison County, Ala., and includes part of the city of Hunstville. The south, north, east, and west boundaries of the quadrangle are about 3 miles north of the Tennessee River, 15 1/2 miles south of the Tennessee line, 8 miles west of the Jackson County line, and 9 miles east of the Limestone County line. The bedrock geology of the Huntsville quadrangle was mapped by the U.S. Geological Survey in cooperation with the city of Hunstville and the Geological Survey of Alabama as part of a detailed study of the geology and ground-water resources of Madison County, with special reference to the Huntsville area. G. T. Malmberg began the geologic mapping of the county in July 1953, and completed it in April 1954. T. H. Sanford, Jr., assisted Malmberg in the final phases of the county mapping, which included measuring geologic sections with hand level and steel tape. In November 1958 Sanford, assisted by L. R. West, checked contacts and elevations in the Hunstville quadrangle; made revisions in the contact lines; and wrote the text for this report. The fieldwork for this report was completed in April 1959.

Sanford, T.H., Jr.; Malmberg, G.T.; West, L.R.

1961-01-01

7

Solar heating and hot water system installed at the Senior Citizen Center, Huntsville, Alabama. [Includes engineering drawings  

SciTech Connect

Information is provided on the solar energy system installed at the Huntsville Senior Citizen Center. The solar space heating and hot water facility and the project involved in its construction are described in considerable detail and detailed drawings of the complete system and discussions of the planning, the hardware, recommendations, and other pertinent information are included. The facility was designed to provide 85 percent of the hot water and 85 percent of the space heating requirements. Two important factors concerning this project for commercial demonstration are the successful use of silicon oil as a heat transfer fluid and the architecturally aesthetic impact of a large solar energy system as a visual centerpoint. There is no overheat or freeze protection due to the characteristics of the silicon oil and the design of the system. Construction proceeded on schedule with no cost overruns. It is designed to be relatively free of scheduled maintenance, and has experienced practically no problems.

Not Available

1980-02-01

8

MSFC Technical Support Team in the Huntsville Support Operations Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA and Hubble Space Telescope (HST) contractor employees monitor their data screens in the Huntsville Support Operations Center during a recent HST mission simulation at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama. The Center will have a major role in the launch, deployment, and checkout of the HST in April 1990. The technicians will monitor telescope telemetry, tracking several thousand engineering measurements to determine the ongoing status of the HST and to confirm whether the telescope has responded properly to ground commands sent from the control center at the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). With the information they receive, they can identify problems if they arise. Also, they will use their in-depth knowledge of the telescope and its systems to analyze problems and recommend ways to resolve them. Thirdly, they will evaluate HST performance to determine its true capabilities and project its future performance. Huntsville Support Operations Center will p

1990-01-01

9

78 FR 59649 - Foreign-Trade Zone 83-Huntsville, Alabama, Application for Subzone, VF Jeanswear, Hackleburg...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Zones Board [S-136-2013] Foreign-Trade Zone 83--Huntsville, Alabama, Application for Subzone, VF Jeanswear, Hackleburg...submitted to the Foreign-Trade Zones Board (the Board) by the Huntsville-Madison County Airport Authority, grantee of FTZ 83,...

2013-09-27

10

Sounding rocket instrument development at Univ. of Alabama in Huntsville/NASA MSFC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an overview of solar sounding rocket instruments developed jointly by NASA Marshall Space Flight Center and the University of Alabama in Huntsville. The High Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) is an EUV (19.3 nm) imaging telescope which was flown successfully in July 2012. The Chromospheric Lyman-Alpha SpectroPolarimeter (CLASP) is a Lyman Alpha (121.6 nm) spectropolarimeter developed jointly with the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and scheduled for launch in 2015. The Marshall Grazing Incidence X-ray Spectrograph is a soft X-ray (0.5-1.2 keV) stigmatic spectrograph designed to achieve 5 arcsecond spatial resolution along the slit.

Kobayashi, Ken; Cirtain, Jonathan; Winebarger, Amy; Savage, Sabrina; Golub, Leon; Korreck, Kelly; Kuzin, Sergey; Walsh, Robert; DeForest, Craig; DePontieu, Bart; Title, Alan; Podgorski, William; Kano, Ryouhei; Narukage, Noriyuki; Trujillo-Bueno, Javier

2013-09-01

11

Cooperative Education: Entrepreneurial Development by Colleges and Universities. A Case Study of Oakwood College, Huntsville, Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The entrepreneurial development and experiential education environments of Oakwood College, Huntsville, Alabama, are described. The college-owned industries of the dairy, farm, garment and linen service, bakery, food manufacturing, convenience store, and snack bar are discussed in terms of markets and marketing, permissions and protections,…

Kramer, Frank

12

The Alabama Space and Rocket Center: The Second Decade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alabama Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, the world's largest rocket and space museum, includes displays illustrating American rocket history, exhibits and demonstrations on rocketry principles and experiences, and simulations of space travel. A new project includes an integrated recreational-educational complex, described in the three…

Buckbee, Edward O.

1983-01-01

13

A GIS approach to urban heat island research: The case of Huntsville, Alabama  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The urban heat island represents a case of inadvertent human modification of climate in an urban environment. Urbanization changes the nature of the surface and atmospheric properties of a region. As a result, radiation balance in the urban areas is altered and sensible heat is added to the point that urban areas are warmer than surrounding rural areas. At the boundary between the rural and urban area, a sharp rise in temperature occurs, culminating to a peak temperature at the central business district of the city, hence the name 'urban heat island'. The extent and intensity of the urban heat island are a function of population size, land use, and topography. Because the urban heat island exhibits spatial variations of temperatures, the use of Geographic Information System (GIS) is appropriate. The research on the urban heat island focuses on the acquisition of 15 bands of visible and thermal infrared data (ranging from 0.45 to 12.2 microns) from an aerial platform using NASA's ATLAS (Airborne Thermal/Visible Land Application Sensor) over Huntsville, Alabama. The research reported in this paper is an analysis of the impact of population, land use, and topography on the shape of the urban heat island that could be developed in Huntsville using the GIS approach. The outcome of this analysis can then be verified using the acquired remotely sensed data.

Lo, Chor Pong

1994-01-01

14

Application of the Huntsville Alabama Marx Meter Array to the Total Charge Transfer of Lightning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using the Huntsville Alabama Marx Meter Array (HAMMA) to obtain measurements of the electric field changes due to lightning, we investigate the amount of charge neutralized by lightning flashes. Our analysis includes both cloud-to-ground and intracloud lightning. We compare two different models for each type of lightning: 1) the classic point (CG) or dipole (IC) charge models versus 2) models in which the neutralized charge is distributed along the lightning channel. In order to model the channel path we utilize VHF data taken by the North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array (NALMA). The source locations determined by NALMA are supplemented with time-of-arrival locations determined from features of the electric field waveforms in HAMMA data as appropriate. For CG flashes, we assume that the channel proceeds vertically downwards from the initiation point. The channel is separated into two portions: an in-cloud part and the part extending from cloud to ground. Each of these segments is assumed to have a constant line charge density. For IC flashes, we follow a similar procedure except we now have a flash occurring between two charge regions of opposing polarity within the cloud. Having both VHF and LF measurements of lightning allows us to use the two data sets in conjunction with one another to investigate the charge structure of lightning. We present results from this analysis and discuss the differences between those derived from the classic models and those derived from the line charge models.

Burchfield, J. C.; Bitzer, P. M.; Christian, H. J.

2012-12-01

15

A Comparison of the Societal Impacts and Warning Operations for the 1989 and 2010 Huntsville, Alabama Tornadoes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The city of Huntsville, Alabama lies within a region of the United States known as the Tennessee Valley, which is not traditionally associated with “Tornado Alley”. However, latest research indicates that most tornado fatalities occur in the lower Arkansas, Tennessee, and Mississippi River Valleys. Huntsville has had its share of tornadic events, including the two tornadoes in this study. On 15 November 1989, a large F4 tornado tracked through south Huntsville with little to no advance warning at the start of the evening rush hour. There were a total of 21 fatalities and 463 injuries. On 21 January 2010, an EF2 tornado moved through downtown Huntsville during peak evening rush hour, but this time there were no fatalities and only three injuries. The choices made by both the National Weather Service and core partners of the agency during these two tornadic events will be discussed, as well as how these choices either mitigated or amplified the environmental effects registered by the general populous of Huntsville. While the decision support services such as warning decisions and communications provided by National Weather Services' Huntsville are important, the resulting action taken by the public is just as crucial; an investigation into the societal impacts pertaining to these two tornadoes will be shared. Future National Weather Services' Huntsville decision support services and choices will be shaped by the present research in an effort to mitigate the impacts of another tornado striking Huntsville. This research was conducted as part of an internship for the NOAA Educational Partnership Program scholarship in which I participate.

Betancourt-Negron, A. M.; Coyne, M.; Scotten, K.; Lee, J. L.

2010-12-01

16

A comprehensive solar energy system analysis data base in Huntsville, Alabama  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The history of a comprehensive solar energy system analysis data base developed by NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center and the University of Alabama is presented, along with its current status. The Marshall Information Retrieval and Data Storage (MIRADS) system was chosen for the data base, and feedback systems were arranged to cope with changes in the needs of the program management for the type of data gathered. The final structure of the data base consists of 22 files divided into 6 topical sections: summaries, climatological, utility rates, architectural, equipment, and economics. The data base offers help to the solar industry in two ways: it provides information and it serves as a model for users trying to establish the climatic and socioeconomic variables they should take into account when they examine a potential market for solar energy equipment.

Goddard, J. P.

1978-01-01

17

Occurrence and distribution of selected metals in streams near Huntsville, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Arsenic, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, lead, mercury, and zinc are widely distributed around Huntsville, Ala. However, concentrations of these metals in streamflow in the vicinity of the Huntsville municipal water intake during June, August, and September 1971 did not exceed the limits recommended for a public drinking water supply. The occurrence of these metals in general is related to man's activities. Information gained during this study suggests that cadmium and the other metals are associated with and transported with suspended sediment, bed material, and airborne dust particles. Lead and zinc were the most abundant of the selected metals in streamflow, bed material, and rainwater samples. The highest concentration of cadmium was detected downstream from an industrial park in the Flint River basin; rainwater samples also contained a relatively high level of cadmium.

German, E.R.; Knight, Alfred L.

1973-01-01

18

Solar energy system performance evaluation: Seasonal report for IBM system 1A, Huntsville, Alabama  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The operational and thermal performance of the solar energy system, Sims Prototype System 1A, is described. The system was designed by IBM to provide 50 to 60 percent of the space heating and domestic hot water preheating load to a 2,000 square foot floor space single family residence in the Huntsville area. The load design temperature inside the building was to be maintained at 70 degrees fahrenheit with auxiliary energy for heating supplied by an electric heat pump assisted by an electric resistance strip heater. In general the disappointing operation of this system is attributed to the manner in which it was used. The system was designed for residential application and used to satisfy the demands of an office environment. The differences were: (1) inside temperature was not maintained at 70 F as expected; and (2) hot water usage was much lower than expected. The conclusion is that the solar energy system must be designed for the type of application in which it is used. Misapplication usually will have an adverse affect on system performance.

1980-01-01

19

Activity in the Shuttle Action Center (SAC) of the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Launched on June 20, 1996, the STS-78 mission's primary payload was the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS), which was managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). During the 17 day space flight, the crew conducted a diverse slate of experiments divided into a mix of life science and microgravity investigations. In a manner very similar to future International Space Station operations, LMS researchers from the United States and their European counterparts shared resources such as crew time and equipment. Five space agencies (NASA/USA, European Space Agency/Europe (ESA), French Space Agency/France, Canadian Space Agency /Canada, and Italian Space Agency/Italy) along with research scientists from 10 countries worked together on the design, development and construction of the LMS. This photo was taken in the Shuttle Action Center (SAC) of the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at MSFC during the mission.

1996-01-01

20

Simulations of flooding on the Tennessee River in the vicinity of U.S. Highway 231 near Huntsville, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A two-dimensional finite-element surface-water model was used to study the effects of proposed modifications to the U.S. Highway 231 corridor on water-surface elevations and flow distributions during flooding in the Tennessee River Basin south of Huntsville, Madison County, Alabama. Flooding was first simulated for the March 19, 1973, flood for the existing conditions in order to calibrate the model to measured data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) during and after the flood. After model calibration, the effects of flooding were simulated for two scenarios---existing and proposed conditions----for the 100-year and 500-year recurrence intervals. The first scenario was to simulate the existing bridge and highway configuration for the U.S. Highway 231 crossing of the Tennessee River flood plain. The second scenario was to simulate the proposed modifications to this bridge and highway configuration. The simulation of floodflow for the Tennessee River flood of March 19, 1973, in the study reach compared closely to discharge measurement and flood profile data obtained during and after the flood. The flood of March 19, 1973, had an estimated peak discharge of 323,000 cubic feet per second and was estimated to be about 50-year flood event. Simulation of the 100-year floodflow for the Tennessee River for the existing conditions at U.S. Highway 231 indicates that of the peak flow, 92.1 percent (316,500 cubic feet per second) was conveyed by the main channel bridge, 4.0 percent (13,800 cubic feet per second) by the northernmost relief bridge, and 3.8 percent (13,200 cubic feet per second) by the southernmost relief bridge. The water-surface elevation predicted in the vicinity of the USGS gaging station was 576.91 feet. No overtopping of U.S. Highway 231 occurrec. For the 500-year flood, the simulation indicates that of the peak flow, 89.2 percent (359,000) cubic feet per second) was conveyed by the main channel bridge, 5.6 percent (22,600 cubic feet per second) by the northernmost relieft bridge, and 5.2 percent (20,900 cubic feet per second) by the southernmost relief bridge. The water-surface elevation predicted in the vicinity of the USGS gaging station was 580.91 feet. No overtopping of U.S. Highway 231 occurred; however, the girders of both relief bridges were partially submerged. Simulation of the 100-year floodflow for the Tennessee River for the proposed conditions indicates that of the peak flow, 93.2 percent (319,800 cubic feet per second) was conveyed by the proposed main channel bridge, 3.3 percent (11,400 cubic feet per second) by the proposed northernmost relief bridge, and 3.4 percent (11,800 cubic feet per second) by the proposed southernmost relief bridge. The water-surface elevation predicted in the vicinity of the USGS gaging station was 576.93 feet. No overtopping of U.S. Highway 231 occurred. For the 500-year flood, the simulation indicates that of the peak flow, 90.9 percent (365,400 cubic feet per second) was conveyed by the proposed main channel bridge, 4.3 percnet (17,300 cubic feet per second) by the proposed northernmost relief bridge, and 4.8 percent (19,400 cubic feet per second) by the proposed southernmost relief bridge. The water-surface elevation predicted in the vidinity of the USGS gaging station was 580.93 feet. No overtopping of U.S. Highway 231 occurred; however, the girders of both relief bridges were partially submerged.

Hedgecock, T. Scott

2001-01-01

21

Historical Plaque at Marshall Space Flight Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This plaque, displayed on the grounds of Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, commemorates the Redstone Test Stand as an Alabama Historic Civil Engineering Landmark. The site was desinated as such in 1979.

2002-01-01

22

Training and Use of Volunteer Recruiters in Adult Basic Education Programs. Alabama III (Huntsville) Module. Final Report. Issue 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Huntsville Module proposed a model program for the training and use of volunteer recruiters that could be used in other Adult Basic Education (ABE) systems in the Appalachian area; specifically, to (1) define procedures for identification and selection of volunteers, (2) provide an eighteen-hour training program, (3) compare recruitment and…

Griffin, Bobbie L.; Blankenship, A. Ray

23

Center for Business and Economic Research: University of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the University of Alabama, the Center for Business and Economic Research (CBER) works on crafting key policy updates and research briefs to provide information about business in the state. On the homepage, visitors will find sections that include News, Research Briefs, Publications, and Economic Forecasting. The Research Briefs cover timely reports like "Alabama: Rural or Urban? 'It Depends'" and "A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the New Alabama Immigration Law." In the Publications area, visitors can look over the "Alabama Business" quarterly report, which publishes information on population and other socioeconomic issues. The Alabama Indicators area includes population estimates, income and poverty levels, and detailed tables about the gross domestic product.

24

Bubble Drop Activity at the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Launched on June 20, 1996, the STS-78 mission's primary payload was the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS), which was managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). During the 17 day space flight, the crew conducted a diverse slate of experiments divided into a mix of life science and microgravity investigations. In a manner very similar to future International Space Station operations, LMS researchers from the United States and their European counterparts shared resources such as crew time and equipment. Five space agencies (NASA/USA, European Space Agency/Europe (ESA), French Space Agency/France, Canadian Space Agency /Canada, and Italian Space Agency/Italy) along with research scientists from 10 countries worked together on the design, development and construction of the LMS. This photo represents members of the Bubble Drop and Particle Unit team expressing satisfaction with a completed experiment run at the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at MSFC.

1996-01-01

25

Training and Jobs: Keys to Rural Economic Development. A Regional Rural Revitalization Conference (Huntsville, Alabama, April 5-6, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conference brought Southern state and local leaders together to discuss ways to revitalize depressed rural areas and to improve citizens' quality of life. Papers discussed: (1) goals for rural educational improvement; (2) human resource barriers to community and economic development in the South; (3) survey results indicating that Alabama

Hall, Jean M. Ed.

26

Urban Expansion Dynamic and its Impact on Water Infiltration and Stream-flow in Huntsville City, Alabama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A rapid change of land use from prime agricultural and forest covered land into housing units, manufacturing, retail and office space development is observed especially in the East-West, and North areas of the Huntsville city. This permanent land use change entails a change in surface moisture, hydrodynamics pattern and flush-runoff behavior of the surrounding streams and rivers on the receiving side of the stream network. This by itself leads to change in hydrologic runoff and infiltration properties leading to a completely new set of micro-hydrologic pattern. In this study we are going to assess the impact of the land use change on the future water infiltration and stremflow change of land surface using Landsat TM images from 1980 to year 2006 and map the increase of the proportion of impervious surfaces as a result of the above activities, and meteorological data over the past 100 years. Different image enhancing and classification technologies based on statistical, Adaptive Neural Network, and Fuzzy Logic Models will be used. Different handling approaches at the pixel level will be implemented. The result will be compiled into a collection of maps and discussed by correlating with the ground truth in the investigation area. As a result of this investigation the economic, ecologic, and institutional impacts over the coming three and decades will be modeled.

Wagaw, M. F.; Gabre, T.; Kebede, G.; Wilson, C.; Davis, C.

2010-12-01

27

Joint Spacelab-J (SL-J) Activities at the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The science laboratory, Spacelab-J (SL-J), flown aboard the STS-47 flight was a joint venture between NASA and the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) utilizing a manned Spacelab module. The mission conducted 24 materials science and 20 life science experiments, of which 35 were sponsored by NASDA, 7 by NASA, and two collaborative efforts. Materials science investigations covered such fields as biotechnology, electronic materials, fluid dynamics and transport phenomena, glasses and ceramics, metals and alloys, and acceleration measurements. Life sciences included experiments on human health, cell separation and biology, developmental biology, animal and human physiology and behavior, space radiation, and biological rhythms. Test subjects included the crew, Japanese koi fish (carp), cultured animal and plant cells, chicken embryos, fruit flies, fungi and plant seeds, and frogs and frog eggs. Featured together in joint ground activities during the SL-J mission are NASA/NASDA personnel at the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC).

1999-01-01

28

Alternate NASDA Payload Specialists in the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The science laboratory, Spacelab-J (SL-J), flown aboard the STS-47 flight was a joint venture between NASA and the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) utilizing a manned Spacelab module. The mission conducted 24 materials science and 20 life science experiments, of which 35 were sponsored by NASDA, 7 by NASA, and two collaborative efforts. Materials science investigations covered such fields as biotechnology, electronic materials, fluid dynamics and transport phenomena, glasses and ceramics, metals and alloys, and acceleration measurements. Life sciences included experiments on human health, cell separation and biology, developmental biology, animal and human physiology and behavior, space radiation, and biological rhythms. Test subjects included the crew, Japanese koi fish (carp), cultured animal and plant cells, chicken embryos, fruit flies, fungi and plant seeds, and frogs and frog eggs. Pictured along with George Norris in the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) are NASDA alternate payload specialists Dr. Doi and Dr. Mukai.

1992-01-01

29

Alternate NASDA Payload Specialists in the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The science laboratory, Spacelab-J (SL-J), flown aboard the STS-47 flight was a joint venture between NASA and the National Space Development Agency of Japan (NASDA) utilizing a manned Spacelab module. The mission conducted 24 materials science and 20 life science experiments, of which 35 were sponsored by NASDA, 7 by NASA, and two collaborative efforts. Materials science investigations covered such fields as biotechnology, electronic materials, fluid dynamics and transport phenomena, glasses and ceramics, metals and alloys, and acceleration measurements. Life sciences included experiments on human health, cell separation and biology, developmental biology, animal and human physiology and behavior, space radiation, and biological rhythms. Test subjects included the crew, Japanese koi fish (carp), cultured animal and plant cells, chicken embryos, fruit flies, fungi and plant seeds, and frogs and frog eggs. Pictured in the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) of Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) are NASDA alternate payload specialists Dr. Doi and Dr. Mukai.

1992-01-01

30

Data Management Coordinators Monitor STS-78 Mission at the Huntsville Operations Support Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Launched on June 20, 1996, the STS-78 mission's primary payload was the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS), which was managed by the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). During the 17 day space flight, the crew conducted a diverse slate of experiments divided into a mix of life science and microgravity investigations. In a manner very similar to future International Space Station operations, LMS researchers from the United States and their European counterparts shared resources such as crew time and equipment. Five space agencies (NASA/USA, European Space Agency/Europe (ESA), French Space Agency/France, Canadian Space Agency /Canada, and Italian Space Agency/Italy) along with research scientists from 10 countries worked together on the design, development and construction of the LMS. This photo represents Data Management Coordinators monitoring the progress of the mission at the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at MSFC. Pictured are assistant mission scientist Dr. Dalle Kornfeld, Rick McConnel, and Ann Bathew.

1996-01-01

31

Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What can we learn about Alabama?s economy, bodies of water, population, and residents? First, use the Idea Wheel and label each section of the circle as the following: Population, Famous Alabamian, Economy, and Bodies of Water. Now go to Information on Economy and find out about Alabama's economy. Locate where it says "Agriculture " and " Industry." List in your Idea Wheel a few of the items that Alabama produces. Next, ...

Msblackmon

2012-04-05

32

All about Huntsville  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Use these resources to help you learn more about Huntsville Read All about Huntsville Click on the words "click here" in the middle of the page of the Photo gallery. Put your headphones on and watch the videos to learn more about Huntsville. Read the Encyclopedia article on Huntsville to learn more about Huntsville. ...

Mrs. Nunes-Bufford

2012-10-09

33

System Analysis for the Huntsville Operation Support Center, Distributed Computer System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

HOSC as a distributed computing system, is responsible for data acquisition and analysis during Space Shuttle operations. HOSC also provides computing services for Marshall Space Flight Center's nonmission activities. As mission and nonmission activities change, so do the support functions of HOSC change, demonstrating the need for some method of simulating activity at HOSC in various configurations. The simulation developed in this work primarily models the HYPERchannel network. The model simulates the activity of a steady state network, reporting statistics such as, transmitted bits, collision statistics, frame sequences transmitted, and average message delay. These statistics are used to evaluate such performance indicators as throughout, utilization, and delay. Thus the overall performance of the network is evaluated, as well as predicting possible overload conditions.

Ingels, F. M.; Massey, D.

1985-01-01

34

Marshall Space Flight Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's George C Marshall Space Flight Center is located in Huntsville, Alabama. It is the agency's leading center for space transportation and propulsion development. The Saturn launch vehicles used in the Apollo Moon program were designed and developed here. Today, it provides the solid rocket boosters, main engines and external tank for the Space Shuttle. Apart from upgrades to these systems, M...

Murdin, P.

2000-11-01

35

Bridging the Gap Between Research and Operations in the National Weather Service: The Huntsville Model  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Weather Service Office (WFO) in Huntsville, Alabama (HUN) is slated to begin full-time operations in early 2003. With the opening of the Huntsville WFO, a unique opportunity has arisen for close and productive collaboration with scientists at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and the University of Alabama Huntsville (UAH). As a part of the collaboration effort, NASA has developed the Short-term Prediction Research and Transition (SPoRT) Center. The mission of the SPoRT center is to incorporate NASA earth science technology and research into the NWS operational environment. Emphasis will be on improving mesoscale and short-term forecasting in the first 24 hours of the forecast period. As part of the collaboration effort, the NWS and NASA will develop an implementation and evaluation plan to streamline the integration of the latest technologies and techniques into the operational forecasting environment. The desire of WFO HUN, NASA, and UAH is to provide a model for future collaborative activities between research and operational communities across the country.

Darden, C.; Carroll, B.; Lapenta, W.; Jedlovec, G.; Goodman, S.; Bradshaw, T.; Gordon, J.; Arnold, James E. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

36

Delinquency Prevention Center Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Huntsville (Alabama) City School System has proposed continuance of a separate facility, the Delinquency Prevention Center, to which students may be transferred when their conduct indicates that they cannot be maintained in the normal school environment. Objectives of such a program include providing the assigned child with individual…

Caylor, Mary Jane

37

The Hydrologic Cycle Distributed Active Archive Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Marshall Space Flight Center Distributed Active Archive Center in Huntsville, Alabama supports the acquisition, production, archival and dissemination of data relevant to the study of the global hydrologic cycle. This paper describes the Hydrologic Cycle DAAC, surveys its principle data holdings, addresses future growth, and gives information for accessing the data sets.

Hardin, Danny M.; Goodman, H. Michael

1995-01-01

38

POLLUTION PREVENTION OPPORTUNITY ASSESSMENT - UNITED STATES COAST GUARD AVIATION TRAINING CENTER, MOBILE, ALABAMA  

EPA Science Inventory

This report summarizes a pollution prevention opportunity assessment of the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Aviation Training Center (ATC) in Mobile, Alabama. he ATC maintains the readiness and airworthiness of Dauphin and Jayhawk Helicopters and Falcon Jets used in training and search a...

39

Sci-Quest, the North Alabama Science Center, Inc  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sci-Quest is a hands-on science center with more than 125 permanent, interactive exhibits in seven different subject areas. The Immersive Theater is an interactive, 3D experience featuring touch-screen computer monitors enabling audience members to have an individually customized adventure, allowing visitors to journey through deep space and create their own planet, explore the earth's ecosystems, and examine the ancient world. In addition to permanent and traveling exhibits, Sci-Quest offers public education programs for children, age four through sixth grade. Programming is available for groups both onsite and offsite. Online activities include Build a Rollercoaster and Explore Solar Power.

40

Initiating Sustainable Operations at Marshall Space Flight Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Marshall Space Flight Center conducted a preliminary sustainability assessment to identify sustainable projects for potential implementation at its facility in Huntsville, Alabama. This presentation will discuss the results of that assessment, highlighting current and future initiatives aimed at integrating sustainability into daily operations.

Adams, Daniel E.; Orrell, Josh

2003-01-01

41

Alabama SEP Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

Executive Summary In the fall of 2010, the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs (ADECA) launched the Multi-State Model for Catalyzing the National Home Energy Retrofit Market Project (Multi-State Project). This residential energy efficiency pilot program was a collaborative effort among the states of Alabama, Massachusetts, Virginia, and Washington, and was funded by competitive State Energy Program (SEP) awards through the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The objective of this project was to catalyze the home energy efficiency retrofit market in select areas within the state of Alabama. To achieve this goal, the project addressed a variety of marketplace elements that did not exist, or were underdeveloped, at the outset of the effort. These included establishing minimum standards and credentials for marketplace suppliers, educating and engaging homeowners on the benefits of energy efficiency and addressing real or perceived financial barriers to investments in whole-home energy efficiency, among others. The anticipated effect of the activities would be increased market demand for retrofits, improved audit to retrofit conversion rates and growth in overall community understanding of energy efficiency. The four-state collaborative was created with the intent of accelerating market transformation by allowing each state to learn from their peers, each of whom possessed different starting points, resources, and strategies for achieving the overall objective. The four partner states engaged the National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO) to oversee a project steering committee and to manage the project evaluation for all four states. The steering committee, comprised of key program partners, met on a regular basis to provide overall project coordination, guidance, and progress assessment. While there were variances in program design among the states, there were several common elements: use of the Energy Performance Score (EPS) platform; an audit and home energy rating tool; emphasis on community based coordination and partnerships; marketing and outreach to increase homeowner participation; training for market actors; access to financing options including rebates, incentives, and loan products; and an in depth process evaluation to support continual program improvement and analysis. In Alabama, Nexus Energy Center operated energy efficiency retrofit programs in Huntsville and Birmingham. In the Huntsville community the AlabamaWISE program was available in five Alabama counties: Cullman, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, and Morgan. In Birmingham, the program was available to residents in Jefferson and Shelby Counties. In both communities, the program was similar in terms of program design but tailored marketing and partnerships to address the unique local conditions and population of each community. ADECA and the Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance (SEEA) provided overall project management services and common resources to the local program administrator Nexus Energy Center, including contracted services for contractor training, quality assurance testing, data collection and reporting, and compliance. The fundamental components of the AlabamaWISE program included a vertical contractor-based business model; comprehensive energy assessments; third-party quality assurance; rebates for installation of energy saving measures; accessible, low-interest financing; targeted and inbound marketing; Energy Performance Score (EPS) tool to engage and educate homeowners; training for auditors, contractors, and real estate professionals; and online resources for education and program enrollment. Program participants were eligible to receive rebates or financing toward the assessments and upgrades to their home provided they reached at least 20 percent deemed or modeled energy savings. The design of each program focused on addressing several known barriers including: limited homeowner knowledge on the benefits of energy efficiency, lack of financing options, lack of community support for energy efficiency programs, and

Grimes, Elizabeth M.

2014-06-30

42

Space Science Research and Technology at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation will summarize the various projects and programs managed in the Space Science Programs and Projects Office at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Projects in the portfolio include NASA's Chandra X-Ray telescope, Hinode solar physics satellite, various advanced space propulsion technologies, including solar sails and tethers, as well as NASA's Discovery and New Frontiers Programs.

Johnson, Charles L.

2007-01-01

43

Final report of the SPS energy conversion and power management workshop, February 5-7, 1980, Von Braun Civic Center, Huntsville, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This workshop is a peer review of the information available on the Satellite Power System (SPS). Areas discussed include: resource issues and performance demonstration issues regarding gallium arsenide and silicon photovoltaic conversion; solar blanket and array integration issues; collector structures and advanced thermal power cycles relevant to solar thermal conversion systems; space radiators; life-expectancy of rotating machinery in space; and electric power distribution, processing, and power management. (LEW)

Not Available

1980-06-01

44

Survey Plan For Characterization of the Subsurface Underlying the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Volume 1 and 2  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Topic considered include: survey objectives; technologies for non-Invasive imaging of subsurface; cost; data requirements and sources; climatic condition; hydrology and geology; chemicals; magnetometry; electrical(resistivity, potential); optical-style imaging; reflection/refraction seismics; gravitometry; photo-acoustic activation;well drilling and borehole analysis; comparative assessment matrix; ground sensors; choice of the neutron sources; logistic of operations; system requirements; health and safety plans.

1996-01-01

45

The National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC), located in Huntsville, Alabama, is a laboratory for cutting-edge research in selected scientific and engineering disciplines. The major objectives of the NSSTC are to provide multiple fields of expertise coming together to solve solutions to science and technology problems, and gaining recognition as a world-class science research organization. The center, opened in August 2000, focuses on space science, Earth sciences, information technology, optics and energy technology, biotechnology and materials science, and supports NASA's mission of advancing and communicating scientific knowledge using the environment of space for research. In addition to providing basic and applied research, NSSTC, with its student participation, also fosters the next generation of scientists and engineers. NSSTC is a collaborated effort between NASA and the state of Alabama through the Space Science and Technology alliance, a group of six universities including the Universities of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH),Tuscaloosa (UA), and Birmingham (UAB); the University of South Alabama in Mobile (USA);Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University (AM) in Huntsville; and Auburn University (AU) in Auburn. Participating federal agencies include NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Department of Defense, the National Science Foundation, and the Department of Energy. Industries involved include the Space Science Research Center, the Global Hydrology and Climate Center, the Information Technology Research Center, the Optics and Energy Technology Center, the Propulsion Research Center, the Biotechnology Research Center, and the Materials Science Research Center. This photo shows the completed center with the additional arnex (right of building) that added an additional 80,000 square feet (7,432 square meters) to the already existent NSSTC, nearly doubling the size of the core facility. At full capacity, the NSSTC tops 200,000 square feet (18,580 square meters) and houses approximately 550 employees.

2003-01-01

46

The National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC), located in Huntsville, Alabama, is a laboratory for cutting-edge research in selected scientific and engineering disciplines. The major objectives of the NSSTC are to provide multiple fields of expertise coming together to solve solutions to science and technology problems, and gaining recognition as a world-class science research organization. The center, opened in August 2000, focuses on space science, Earth sciences, information technology, optics and energy technology, biotechnology and materials science, and supports NASA's mission of advancing and communicating scientific knowledge using the environment of space for research. In addition to providing basic and applied research, NSSTC, with its student participation, also fosters the next generation of scientists and engineers. NSSTC is a collaborated effort between NASA and the state of Alabama through the Space Science and Technology alliance, a group of six universities including the Universities of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH),Tuscaloosa (UA), and Birmingham (UAB); the University of South Alabama in Mobile (USA); Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University (AM) in Huntsville; and Auburn University (AU) in Auburn. Participating federal agencies include NASA, Marshall Space Flight Center, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Department of Defense, the National Science Foundation, and the Department of Energy. Industries involved include the Space Science Research Center, the Global Hydrology and Climate Center, the Information Technology Research Center, the Optics and Energy Technology Center, the Propulsion Research Center, the Biotechnology Research Center, and the Materials Science Research Center. An arnex, scheduled for completion by summer 2002, will add an additional 80,000 square feet (7,432 square meters) to NSSTC nearly doubling the size of the core facility. At full capacity, the completed NSSTC will top 200,000 square feet (18,580 square meters) and house approximately 550 employees.

2002-01-01

47

The University of Alabama in Huntsville Professional and Continuing Studies  

E-print Network

TM Application Development 21 Hours, $945, Pearson Create your own Android app, learn how to submit it to marketTMApplicationDevelopment · AndroidTM:BeyondtheBasics Become an AndroidTM application developer and release your own high-quality apps Application Development CERTIFICATES AND SHORT COURSES CLASSROOM ONLINE CUSTOMIZED #12;Intro to Android

Fork, Richard

48

The University of Alabama in Huntsville The Department of Computer Science of The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) invites  

E-print Network

someone in entertainment computing, in particular in game development/animation, able to help us build out in entertainment computing and arts by the university. A Ph.D. in computer science or a closely related area in disciplines such as animation arts, music, etc., and have a strong academic background, be able to carry out

Alabama in Huntsville, University of

49

Implementation of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Elementary Science Study of Nature (LESSON) in North Alabama elementary and middle schools  

SciTech Connect

The Alabama A M University - Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Elementary Science Study of Nature (ALALESSON) was designed to improve elementary and middle school science in North Alabama by involving teachers in two-week summer workshop as well as other follow-up activities. The purpose of the activities was to increase the science knowledge of the teachers and to provide them with materials and activities for hands-on science lessons. The summer workshops, conducted during the summers of 1984 and 1985, provided instruction and materials for activities in the area of biology, chemistry, physics, and electricity and magnetism. The materials included equipment thats total value was over $400.00. Additionally, a manual containing 43 lessons which induced background information, experiments and activities for classroom and home use was provided to each teacher. During the course of the project activities, the teachers interacted with fourteen scientists from Alabama A M University, four scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, eight staff members from the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, three staff members from the University of Alabama at Huntsville Johnson Environmental Education Center, two North Alabama teachers who served as presenters, and one NASA Teacher in Space Finalist, Kathleen Beres. This report will thus detail activities during the period July 1984--June 1989.

McGuire, S.Y. (Alabama A and M Univ., Normal, AL (United States). Dept. of Chemistry)

1989-01-01

50

Taking a Stand as a Student-Centered Research University: Active and Collaborative Learning Meets Scholarship of Teaching at the University of Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces the University of Alabama, outlines efforts in the scholarship of teaching and active and collaborative learning, and describes plans for continuing the instructional focus as a student-centered research university, where teaching is viewed as a scholarly activity and students are actively engaged in their learning.

Bonner, Judy

2010-01-01

51

DIAL Measurements of Free-Tropospheric Ozone Profiles in Huntsville, AL  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A tropospheric ozone Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) system, developed jointly by NASA and the University of Alabama at Huntsville (UAH), measures free-tropospheric ozone profiles between 4-10 km. Located at 192 meters altitude in the Regional Atmospheric Profiling Laboratory for Discovery (RAPCD) on the UAH campus in Huntsville, AL, USA, this tropospheric ozone lidar operates under both daytime and nighttime conditions. Frequent coincident ozonesonde flights and theoretical calculations provide evidence to indicate the retrieval accuracy ranges from better than 8% at 4km to 40%-60% at 10 kin with 750-m vertical resolution and 30-minute integration. With anticipated improvements to allow retrievals at both higher and lower altitudes, this ozone lidar, along with co-located aerosol and Doppler Wind Lidars, will provide a unique 18 dataset for investigations of PBL and free-tropospheric chemical and dynamic processes.

Kuang, Shi; Burris, John; Newchurch, Michael J.; Johnson, Steve

2007-01-01

52

Alabama Maps  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by the Cartographic Research Laboratory at the University of Alabama, this collection of 3540 different scanned and digitized maps offers a valuable resource for persons doing research on the history of Alabama, or looking for contemporary thematic maps of the state. The historical maps of Alabama are divided into time periods ranging from 1803 to 1942, and can be enlarged to focus in on areas of interest. Other historical maps dealing with different themes, such as the mapping of rivers, geological formations throughout the state, and the state highway system. The contemporary map section of the site offers a host of thematic maps of a more practical nature, and deal with such topic as timber production, federal expenditures, and climate. Finally, the site also contains links to the University of Alabama's Department of Geography and the publications of their Cartographic Laboratory.

53

Trip report: Marshall Space Center computed tomography  

SciTech Connect

BIR Inc. is a small company out of the Chicago area which sells equipment for producing images by tomography. They have built a relatively large instrument, called ACTIS, for NASA at the Marshall Space Center in Huntsville, Alabama and still gave access to this instrument. BIR has a grant from the Department of Energy (DOE) to determine the utility of computed tomography (CT) for characterization of nuclear and hazardous waste within the DOE complex. As part of this effort, the potential of this technique for obtaining images of canistered waste forms has been investigated. Funding for data acquisition was provided through this grant.

Harbour, J.R.; Andrews, M.K.

1991-01-01

54

Trip report: Marshall Space Center computed tomography  

SciTech Connect

BIR Inc. is a small company out of the Chicago area which sells equipment for producing images by tomography. They have built a relatively large instrument, called ACTIS, for NASA at the Marshall Space Center in Huntsville, Alabama and still gave access to this instrument. BIR has a grant from the Department of Energy (DOE) to determine the utility of computed tomography (CT) for characterization of nuclear and hazardous waste within the DOE complex. As part of this effort, the potential of this technique for obtaining images of canistered waste forms has been investigated. Funding for data acquisition was provided through this grant.

Harbour, J.R.; Andrews, M.K.

1991-12-31

55

EASTERN SNOW CONFERENCE Huntsville, Ontario, Canada 2013  

E-print Network

70 th EASTERN SNOW CONFERENCE Huntsville, Ontario, Canada 2013 Synoptic Influences on Snowfall The synoptic-scale influences on snowfall event characteristics (e.g., total snowfall, liquid equivalent in mountain regions, where snowfall may result from a wide variety of circulation regimes, antecedent upstream

Yuter, Sandra

56

Project LASER Volunteer, Marshall Space Flight Center Education Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Through Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) Education Department, over 400 MSFC employees have volunteered to support educational program during regular work hours. Project LASER (Learning About Science, Engineering, and Research) provides support for mentor/tutor requests, education tours, classroom presentations, and curriculum development. This program is available to teachers and students living within commuting distance of the NASA/MSFC in Huntsville, Alabama (approximately 50-miles radius). This image depicts students viewing their reflections in an x-ray mirror with Marshall optic engineer Vince Huegele at the Discovery Laboratory, which is an onsite MSFC laboratory facility that provides hands-on educational workshop sessions for teachers and students learning activities.

1999-01-01

57

Power to Explore: A History of the Marshall Space Flight Center, 1960-1990  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This scholarly study of NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center places the institution in social, political, scientific and technological context. It traces the evolution of Marshall, located in Huntsville, Alabama, from its origins as an Army missile development organization to its status in 1990 as one of the most diversified of NASA's field Center. Chapters discuss military rocketry programs in Germany and the United States, Apollo-Saturn, Skylab, Space shuttle, Spacelab, the Space Station, and various scientific and technical projects including the Hubble Space Telescope. It sheds light not only on the history of space technology, science and exploration, but also on the Cold War, federal politics and complex organizations.

Dunar, Andrew J.; Waring, Stephen P.

1999-01-01

58

The North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array (LMA): A Network Overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) is s a 3-D VHF regional lightning detection system that provides on-orbit algorithm validation and instrument performance assessments for the NASA Lightning Imaging Sensor, as well as information on storm kinematics and updraft evolution that offers the potential to improve severe storm warning lead time by up t o 50% and decrease te false alarm r a t e ( for non-tornado producing storms). In support of this latter function, the LMA serves as a principal component of a severe weather test bed to infuse new science and technology into the short-term forecasting of severe and hazardous weather, principally within nearby National Weather Service forecast offices. The LMA, which became operational i n November 2001, consists of VHF receivers deployed across northern Alabama and a base station located at the National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC), which is on t h e campus of the University of Alabama in Huntsville. The LMA system locates the sources of impulsive VHF radio signals s from lightning by accurately measuring the time that the signals aririve at the different receiving stations. Each station's records the magnitude and time of the peak lightning radiation signal in successive 80 ms intervals within a local unused television channel (channel 5, 76-82 MHz in our case ) . Typically hundreds of sources per flash can be reconstructed, which i n t u r n produces accurate 3-dimensional lightning image maps (nominally <50 m error within 150 la. range). The data are transmitted back t o a base station using 2.4 GHz wireless Ethernet data links and directional parabolic grid antennas. There are four repeaters in the network topology and the links have an effective data throughput rate ranging from 600 kbits s -1 t o 1.5 %its s -1. This presentation provides an overview of t h e North Alabama network, the data processing (both real-time and post processing) and network statistics.

Blakeslee, R. J.; Bailey, J.; Buechler, D.; Goodman, S. J.; McCaul, E. W., Jr.; Hall, J.

2005-01-01

59

The Use of the North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array (NALMA) in the Real-Time Operational Warning Environment During the March 2nd, 2012 Severe Weather Outbreak in Northern Alabama  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array (NALMA) is a three-dimensional very high frequency (VHF) detection network consisting of 11 sensors spread across north central Alabama and two sensors located in the Atlanta, Georgia region. The primary advantage of this network is that it detects total lightning, or the combination of both cloud-to-ground and intra-cloud lightning, instead of cloud-to-ground lightning alone. This helps to build a complete picture of storm evolution and development, and can serve as a proxy for storm updraft strength, particularly since intra-cloud lightning makes up the majority of all lightning in a typical thunderstorm. While the NALMA data do not directly indicate severe weather, they can indirectly indicate when a storm is strengthening (weakening) due to increases (decreases) in updraft strength, as the updraft is responsible for charging mechanisms within the storm. Data output are VHF radiation sources, which are produced during lightning breakdown processes. These sources are made into 2x2 km source density grids and are ported into the Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System (AWIPS) for National Weather Service (NWS) offices in Huntsville, AL, Nashville, TN, Morristown, TN, and Birmingham, AL, in near real-time. An increase in sources, or source densities, correlates to increased lightning activity and trends in updraft magnitude as long as the storm is within about 125 km of the center of the LMA network. Operationally, these data have been used at the Huntsville NWS office since early 2003 through a collaborative effort with NASA s Short-term Prediction Research and Transition (SPoRT) Center. Since then, total lightning observations have become an essential tool for forecasters during real-time warning operations. One of the operational advantages of the NALMA is the two-minute temporal resolution of the data. This provides forecasters with two to three updates during a typical volume scan of the WSR-88D radar.

White, Kristopher; Carcione, Brian; Schultz, Christopher J.; Stano, Geoffrey T.; Carey, Lawrence D.

2012-01-01

60

Alabama Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report  

E-print Network

Alabama Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2011 Alabama Water Resources Research Institute Annual Technical Report FY 2011 1 #12;Introduction The Alabama Water Resources Research with the newly created Auburn University Water Resources Center (AU-WRC), and in 2008 it was designated as part

61

78 FR 45598 - Notice of Opportunity for Public Comment on Surplus Property Release at Huntsville International...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Public Comment on Surplus Property Release at Huntsville International Airport, Huntsville, AL AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration...the FAA is considering a request from the Huntsville- Madison County Airport Authority to...

2013-07-29

62

A Comparative Assessment of School Environments by Delinquent and Nondelinquent Children: Implications for Public School Leaders in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Differences between the perceptions of delinquent and nondelinquent secondary school students in their assessments of school environments through the National Association of Secondary School Principals Comprehensive Assessment of School Environments (NASSP/CASE) School Climate and Student Satisfaction Surveys were studied in Huntsville (Alabama).…

McNeal, Cathy Connolly; Bishop, Harold

63

Alabama solar energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The status of solar energy activities and programs in Alabama is reported. The following are included: summary on solar energy in Alabama; state energy-related agencies, programs, and plans; assessment of industrial growth areas; projection of future energy needs; unique energy needs; Alabama energy data; contacts for discussion of industrial growth and energy needs; the potential of solar technologies; local legislation;

1978-01-01

64

76 FR 5290 - Television Broadcasting Services; Huntsville, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...11-27; MB Docket No. 08-194; RM-11488] Television Broadcasting Services; Huntsville, AL AGENCY...1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in...

2011-01-31

65

75 FR 67077 - Television Broadcasting Services; Huntsville, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...10-2000; MB Docket No. 08-194; RM-11488] Television Broadcasting Services; Huntsville, AL AGENCY...and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in...

2010-11-01

66

CRCHD - CRCHD Research - Morehouse School of Med/Tuskegee Univ/Univ. of Alabama Cancer Center Partnership  

Cancer.gov

The partnership between Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM), Tuskegee University (TU) and the UAB Comprehensive Cancer Center (UABCCC) builds upon an existing partnership between these 3 institutions. Each institution brings to the table a unique set of strengths that effectively supplement the inherent weaknesses of the others. The Partnership is geographically located within the heart of the Southeast, a region with a large, historically underserved, African-American population.

67

Encyclopedia of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Alabama Humanities Foundation and Auburn University, the Encyclopedia of Alabama (EOA) is a veritable cornucopia of material about the Yellowhammer State. The EOA draws on the work of many trustworthy and learned authors, and as a statement of the homepage notes, "Alabama's problems are not glossed over, nor are its accomplishments and successes overlooked." Visitors who might not be familiar with the state in the least are encouraged to read historian Wayne Flynt's fine essay on Alabama featured on the homepage. After that, visitors can look over the entries alphabetically, or they can use of the thematic headings (such as "Peoples" and "Religion") to start their journey. The "Features" articles are a treat as well, and they include "Alabama and the Civil War" and "College Football in Alabama". The site also includes several photo galleries, a glossary, and some educational resources for teachers.

68

UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA IN HUNTSVILLE Interim Policy on Promoting Objectivity in Research  

E-print Network

form. 1 All United States Public Health Service ("PHS") agencies (includes National Institutes Administration (HRSA), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), the Food and Drug of interest regulations issued by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Public Health Service ("PHS

Alabama in Huntsville, University of

69

Special Study: Inadequate Structural Assembly of Schoolbus Bodies. The Accidents at Decatur and Huntsville, Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reviews some examples of injuries received in two school bus accidents; explains how the design of joints and fastenings in the buses was involved in the injuries and in the structural strength of schoolbuses; and compares schoolbus construction with construction of other types of buses that employ more efficient and complete…

National Transportation Safety Board (DOT), Washington, DC. Bureau of Surface Transportation Safety.

70

Ozone entrainment flux using ozone DIAL and Compact Wind Aerosol Lidar (CWAL) in Huntsville AL  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous studies have proved that the impact of high ozone amounts in the residual layer can account for up to 80% of the surface ozone maxima during the following day. This high ozone in the residual layer mixes into to the Planetary Boundary Layer (PBL) through the entrainment processes as the growth of PBL occurs in the morning. Conversely, anthropogenic pollutants emitted from the surface mix into the Free Troposphere (FT) and are transported to other places. Therefore, entrainment flux is one of the important connections between the local-scale/urban-scale and the regional scale. In this study, we will present a study of ozone entrainment fluxes using continuous observation by co-located ozone DIAL and Compact Wind Aerosol Lidar (CWAL) at the campus of University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH). As a part of Tropospheric Ozone Lidar NETwork (TOLNET), UAH ozone DIAL can provide continuous ozone observation at the range of 125 m AGL to 12 km, with 10-min temporal resolution and 150 - 550 m vertical resolution [Kuang et al., 2013]. We also perform an ozone budget study using Dutch Atmospheric Large-Eddy Simulation (DALES), reasonable approximations of dry deposition, in conjunction with ozone entrainment flux observations. We work towards building a comprehensive understanding of the quantitative impacts of ozone entrainment processes on surface ozone amounts in a medium-sized urban area like Huntsville AL. Shi Kuang, Michael J. Newchurch, John Burris, and Xiong Liu, "Ground-based lidar for atmospheric boundary layer ozone measurements," Appl. Opt. 52, 3557-3566 (2013)

Huang, G.; Newchurch, M.; kuang, S.; Wang, L.; Cantrell, W.

2013-12-01

71

75 FR 20387 - Amended Certification Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Corporation, Crucible Service Center, Huntsville, Alabama. TA-W-71,272J, Crucible...Minnesota; Charlotte, North Carolina; Huntsville, Alabama; Arlington, Texas; Grand...North Carolina (TA-W-71,272H); Huntsville, Alabama (TA-W-71,272I);...

2010-04-19

72

Alabama Special Days  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Today, we are going to look at special days in Alabama history. Today we are going to look at four special Alabama Days: 1) Boll Weevil Festival 2) Helen Keller Day 3) Mardi Gras 4) Shrimp Festival I am giving you videos to watch about each special day. I am ...

Lucky, Ms.

2012-04-04

73

Applications of Meteorological Tower Data at Kennedy Space Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Members of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) design and operation communities rely on meteorological information collected at Kennedy Space Center (KSC), located near Cape Canaveral, Florida, to correctly apply the ambient environment to various tasks. The Natural Environments Branch/EV44, located at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama, is responsible for providing its NASA customers with meteorological data using various climatological data sources including balloons, surface stations, aircraft, hindcast models, and meteorological towers. Of the many resources available within the KSC region, meteorological towers are preferred for near-surface applications because they record data at regular, frequent intervals over an extensive period of record at a single location. This paper discusses the uses of data measured at several different meteorological towers for a common period of record and how the data can be applied to various engineering decisions for the new Constellation Program Ares and Orion space vehicles.

Altino, Karen M.; Barbre, Robert E., Jr.

2009-01-01

74

[Adult Reading-Bilingual Laboratories and Learning Center, Huntsville, Texas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program, included in "Effective Reading Programs...," serves 1,221 inmates of nine prison units of the Texas Department of Corrections. Students in the program are black, Spanish-speaking, or non-Spanish-speaking white adults. Students are released from their assigned industrial jobs for three hours each week to attend the laboratory for…

Texas State Dept. of Corrections, Huntsville. Windham School District.

75

Staffing the ISS Control Centers: Lessons Learned from Long-Duration Human Space Flight  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space Station (ISS) has been in operation with a permanent human presence in space for over five years, and plans for continued operations stretch ten years into the future. Ground control and support operations are, likewise, a 15-year enterprise. This long-term, 24-hour per day, 7 day per week support has presented numerous challenges in the areas of ground crew training, initial and continued certification, and console staffing. The Mission Control Center in Houston, Texas and the Payload Operations Center in Huntsville, Alabama have both tackled these challenges, with similar, yet distinct, approaches. This paper describes the evolution of the staffing and training policies of both control centers in a chronological progression. The relative merits and shortcomings of the various policies employed are discussed and a summary of "lessons learned" is presented. Finally, recommendations are made as best practices for future long-term space missions.

Olsen, Carrie D.; Horvath, Timothy J.; Davis, Sally P.

2006-01-01

76

Geological Survey of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the homepage of the Geological Survey of Alabama (GSA), a data gathering and research agency that explores and evaluates the mineral, water, energy, biological, and other natural resources of the State of Alabama and conducts basic and applied research in these fields as a public service to citizens of the State. The GSA homepage contains a geologic map of Alabama; information on GSA news and events; GSA publications; GIS data and maps; an Ask the Geologist, Hydrogeologist and Biologist link; and a Geospatial Data Clearinghouse.

77

Oak Mountain High School, Shelby County, Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents design features of the Oak Mountain High School (Alabama) consisting of an academic side of classrooms, administration, and media center; and an activity side consisting of cafeteria, gymnasium, practice gym, and a theater. The school's floor plan and photos are included. (GR)

Design Cost Data, 2001

2001-01-01

78

Historic Postcards of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Historic Postcards of Alabama database was created by Diane Wade and the items are housed at the William Stanley Hoole Special Collections Library at the University of Alabama. The collection contains over 230 rare postcards that document life in this southern state between the years 1900 to 1920. Visitors can get started by using the Location Index to wander around different corners of the state, including Mobile, Selma, and Tuscaloosa. The Birmingham area is a great place to start as it features photos of various prominent buildings, churches, and geographical features.

Wade, Diane

79

Homonegativity among Alabama Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Members of the Alabama Counseling Association were surveyed to examine the extent to which they demonstrate homonegativity (prejudicial attitudes toward homosexuality). The majority of the counselors did not appear to approach homosexuality from traditional prejudices, although almost one-third believed homosexuality to be immoral. The counselors…

Satcher, Jamie; Leggett, Mark

2006-01-01

80

Dreaming big dreams: the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine.  

PubMed

The University of Alabama School of Medicine has a rich legacy dating back almost 150 years to Antebellum Mobile and the original Medical College of Alabama. The school's success helped transform Birmingham from a city rooted in the steel industry to one of the U.S.'s major biomedical research centers. Today the school is an internationally acclaimed leader in research and education and serves as the anchor of the University of Alabama at Birmingham and the UAB Health System. PMID:14515915

Mansfield, Laura A

2003-08-01

81

Archive-In: Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many states are working to craft digital archives of their online activities, leading some committed states to even include tweets, Facebook pages, and other alternative sources. This site from the Alabama Department of Archives & History contains everything from the online activities of the Alabama Legislature to the Twitter feeds of selected political parties in the state. All told, there are 31 different groups chronicled here and visitors can search each groups' activities individually or via an omnibus search engine. Additionally, users can search the archive by creator, language, publisher, and subject keywords. It's a great initiative and one that will be of interest to librarians, cataloguers, and others with an interest in modern history.

82

The Alabama Historical Quarterly  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alabama Department of Archives and History has a distinguished tradition of presenting a range of presentations, talks, and seminars for educators across the state. Over the past several years, they have been working to digitize a number of state publications, and this archive brings together issues of the Alabama Historical Quarterly. Here, interested parties can view all issues from 1930 to 1982, and the topics covered include vernacular architecture, the Civil War, local traditions, and in earlier issues, poems. There is a gap in publication from 1931 to 1941, but other than, all of the other years are covered. Users can save their favorite items here, and also look at complete document descriptions.

83

Alabama DOT: Alabama Report Questions on NDT Testing  

E-print Network

Alabama DOT: Alabama Report Questions on NDT Testing 1. What NDT testing methods for concrete; NOT for acceptance purposes. 2. In your experience, how does the reliability of NDT testing methods compare to traditional testing methods? · For pavement smoothness and friction testing, NDT is the traditional method

84

FINAL REPORT THE MISSISSIPPI, ALABAMA, FLORIDA,  

E-print Network

w-6hqq MAFLA FINAL REPORT THE MISSISSIPPI, ALABAMA, FLORIDA, OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF BASELINE;303 FINAL REPORT MISSISSIPPI, ALABAMA, FLORIDA OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF BASELINE ENVIRONMENTAL SURVEY; MAFLA

Mathis, Wayne N.

85

University of Alabama Digital Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For devotees of Alabama history (and even for those who aren't), the University of Alabama's Digital Collections are a real find. Currently, the site offers up more than a dozen digital collections, including The University of Alabama Encyclopedia and the Hugh Davis Farm Journals. The Hugh Davis Farm Journals are quite a find, as they offer an insightful portrait of a 19th century attorney and plantation owner in Marion, Alabama. Here visitors can read his farm journals, which contain records regarding slaves and accounts of life on the plantation. The other collections offered here include the Marjorie L. Smith Slide Collection of images related to cotton agriculture in the 1960s and selected issues of the University of Alabama Yearbook, which is titled "The Corolla".

86

J. H. Kulick, J. M. Jarem, R. G. Lindquist, S. T. Kowel, and M. W. Friends are with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, Alabama 35899.  

PubMed

The development and modeling of a liquid-crystal phase grating for real-time diffractive three-dimensional displays are discussed. The system being developed, which is called the ICVision system, utilizes a number of ideas that will result in a rugged, low-power three-dimensional display offering both vertical and horizontal parallax and eventually full color. Fringing fields created between interdigitated electrodes formed on top of VLSI die will induce a diffraction pattern in a thin layer of liquid crystal that will cover the die. A detailed electrostatic and diffraction analysis of liquid-crystal phase-grating regions that will make up the final display is given here. The electrostatic analysis is developed by use of the method of moments. The diffraction analysis is developed by use of rigorous coupled-wave diffraction theory. The numerical results obtrained from the mathematical model are compared with experimental diffraction results from preliminary LCD cells that have been assembled as prototype ICVision devices. PMID:21037737

Kulick, J H; Jarem, J M; Lindquist, R G; Kowel, S T; Friends, M W; Leslie, T M

1995-04-10

87

Alabama Education News. Volume 30, Number 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2007-01-01

88

Alabama Education News. Volume 34, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2011-01-01

89

Alabama Education News. Volume 33, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2010-01-01

90

Alabama Education News. Volume 31, Number 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2008-01-01

91

Alabama Education News. Volume 27, Number 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2004-01-01

92

Alabama Education News. Volume 31, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2007-01-01

93

Alabama Education News. Volume 31, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2008-01-01

94

Alabama Education News. Volume 32, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2008-01-01

95

Alabama Education News. Volume 28, Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

96

Alabama Education News. Volume 28, Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

97

Alabama Education News. Volume 28, Number 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

98

Alabama Education News. Volume 31, Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2007-01-01

99

Alabama Education News. Volume 33, Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2010-01-01

100

Alabama Education News. Volume 33, Number 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2010-01-01

101

Shared Memory And Distributed Shared Memory Systems: A Survey Krishna Kavi, Hyong-Shik Kim, University of Alabama in Huntsville  

E-print Network

Shared Memory And Distributed Shared Memory Systems: A Survey Krishna Kavi, Hyong-Shik Kim memory modules via a crossbar switch. This can be viewed as a Symmetric Multiprocessor (SMP) or a shared memory system. The next version of a multiprocessor system at CMU was known as Cm* and can be deemed

Lee, Ben

102

Gamma-ray bursts; Proceedings of the Workshop, Univ. of Alabama, Huntsville, Oct. 16-18, 1991  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent developments in gamma-ray burst research are discussed with emphasis on new observations of gamma-ray bursts made by the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory, Granat, Ginga, Pioneer Venus Orbiter, Prognoz, and Phobos. The papers are grouped under the following headings: general, historical, recent spacecraft observations; spatial and intensity distributions; galactic and extragalactic models; spectral observations; time profiles; and search for counterparts. Specific topics discussed include an upper limit on the luminosity of cosmological gamma-ray bursts; low-mass X-ray binaries and gamma-ray bursts; spectral evolution of gamma-ray bursts; ionization of gamma-ray-burst environments; and BATSE observations of bremsstrahlung from electron precipitation events.

Paciesas, William S. (editor); Fishman, Gerald J. (editor)

1992-01-01

103

University of Alabama Biochemistry recommended University of South Alabama Biochemistry recommended  

E-print Network

Alabama University of Alabama Biochemistry recommended University of South Alabama Biochemistry recommended Arkansas University of Arkansas Biochemistry, genetics, Biology/Zoology are recommended California Loma Linda Biochemistry is recommended Stanford Biochemistry, genetics recommended UC Davis genetics

Hone, James

104

Parameters of triggered-lightning flashes in Florida and Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Channel base currents from triggered lightning were measured at the NASA Kennedy Space Center, Florida, during summer 1990 and at Fort McClellan, Alabama, during summer 1991. Additionally, 16-mm cinematic records with 3- or 5-ms resolution were obtained for all flashes, and streak camera records were obtained for three of the Florida flashes. The 17 flashes analyzed contained 69 strokes, all

R. J. Fisher; G. H. Schnetzer; R. Thottappillil; V. A. Rakov; M. A. Uman; J. D. Goldberg

1993-01-01

105

The Source of Alabama’s Abundance of Arbitration Cases: Alabama’s Bizarre Law of Damages for Mental Anguish  

E-print Network

This Article gives an overview of arbitration litigation in Alabama, including the evolution of mental anguish jurisprudence in contract cases, especially with regard to the automobile and home industries; a proposal to ...

Simpson, W. Scott; Ware, Stephen J.; Willard, Vickie M.

2004-01-01

106

Von Braun's Dream: Space Camp.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the "Space Camp" program for boys and girls at the Alabama Space and Rocket Center (Huntsville, Alabama), including typical activities. Includes address for obtaining information on participation in the program. (JN)

Coleman, C. C.

1982-01-01

107

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 28, NO. 13, PAGES 2561-2564, JULY 1, 2001 Far-ultraviolet observations of the neutral comae of  

E-print Network

, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 2Now at Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, CA 3Now at The Boeing Company, Aurora, CO 4University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 5NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 6Now at NASA, Washington, DC 7NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

California at Berkeley, University of

108

UAB Comprehensive Cancer Center  

Cancer.gov

Established in 1971, the University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center (UAB), received its NCI designation in the same year. The Center has grown to include a membership of more than 330 physicians and researchers.

109

Soil Sampling Techniques For Alabama Grain Fields  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Characterizing the spatial variability of nutrients facilitates precision soil sampling. Questions exist regarding the best technique for directed soil sampling based on a priori knowledge of soil and crop patterns. The objective of this study was to evaluate zone delineation techniques for Alabama grain fields to determine which method best minimized the soil test variability. Site one (25.8 ha) and site three (20.0 ha) were located in the Tennessee Valley region, and site two (24.2 ha) was located in the Coastal Plain region of Alabama. Tennessee Valley soils ranged from well drained Rhodic and Typic Paleudults to somewhat poorly drained Aquic Paleudults and Fluventic Dystrudepts. Coastal Plain s o i l s ranged from coarse-loamy Rhodic Kandiudults to loamy Arenic Kandiudults. Soils were sampled by grid soil sampling methods (grid sizes of 0.40 ha and 1 ha) consisting of: 1) twenty composited cores collected randomly throughout each grid (grid-cell sampling) and, 2) six composited cores collected randomly from a -3x3 m area at the center of each grid (grid-point sampling). Zones were established from 1) an Order 1 Soil Survey, 2) corn (Zea mays L.) yield maps, and 3) airborne remote sensing images. All soil properties were moderately to strongly spatially dependent as per semivariogram analyses. Differences in grid-point and grid-cell soil test values suggested grid-point sampling does not accurately represent grid values. Zones created by soil survey, yield data, and remote sensing images displayed lower coefficient of variations (8CV) for soil test values than overall field values, suggesting these techniques group soil test variability. However, few differences were observed between the three zone delineation techniques. Results suggest directed sampling using zone delineation techniques outlined in this paper would result in more efficient soil sampling for these Alabama grain fields.

Thompson, A. N.; Shaw, J. N.; Mask, P. L.; Touchton, J. T.; Rickman, D.

2003-01-01

110

40 CFR 81.301 - Alabama.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Section...95 Attainment Alabama—Ozone (1-Hour Standard)2 Designated...noted. 2 The 1-hour ozone standard is revoked... Statewide X Alabama—Ozone (8-Hour Standard)...

2010-07-01

111

40 CFR 81.301 - Alabama.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Section...otherwise noted. Alabama—Ozone (1-Hour Standard)2 Designated...noted. 2 The 1-hour ozone standard is revoked...otherwise noted. Alabama—Ozone (8-Hour Standard)...

2012-07-01

112

40 CFR 81.301 - Alabama.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Section...otherwise noted. Alabama—Ozone (1-Hour Standard)2 Designated...noted. 2 The 1-hour ozone standard is revoked... Statewide X Alabama—Ozone (8-Hour Standard)...

2011-07-01

113

MMS 91-0062 Mississippi-Alabama  

E-print Network

Admk MMS 91-0062 Mississippi-Alabama Continental Shelf Ecosystem Study Data Summary and Synthesis of Mexico OCS Region #12;OCS Study MMS 91-0062 Mississippi-Alabama Continental Shelf Ecosystem Study Data . 1991 . Mississippi-Alabama Continental Shelf Ecosystem Study: Data Summary and Synthesis . Volume I

Mathis, Wayne N.

114

View of the 200ton derrick from west showing the center ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of the 200-ton derrick from west showing the center mast, one stiff leg, the boom and the boom angle reeving. - Marshall Space Flight Center, Saturn V Dynamic Test Facility, East Test Area, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

115

Alabama Counseling Association Journal, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Communicating ideas and information that will help counselors to implement the counseling role and develop the profession of counseling is the purpose of this journal. The first issue in volume 21 contains the following articles: "Policies and Procedures for Reporting Child Abuse in Alabama: Considerations for Counselors, Teachers, and School…

Abbott, Gypsy, Ed.; Elliott, Glenda R., Ed.

1995-01-01

116

Huntsville-Madison County Education Improvement Program, 1966-1971. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of the Huntsville-Madison County Education Improvement Program were: (1) to develop and demonstrate a curriculum that would improve and enrich the skills, attitudes and thinking processes of the disadvantaged preschool child; (2) to develop in-service programs that would afford teachers and other personnel better understanding of the…

Huntsville City Schools, AL.

117

Dual-Polarimetric Radar-Based Tornado Debris Signatures and Paths Associated with Tornadoes Over Northern Alabama During the Historic Outbreak of 27 April 2011  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A historic tornado and severe weather outbreak devastated much of the southeastern United States between 25 and 28 April 2011. On 27 April 2011, northern Alabama was particularly hard hit by 40 tornadoes, including 6 that reached EF-4 to EF-5 on the Enhanced Fujita damage scale. In northern Alabama alone, there were approximately 100 fatalities and hundreds of people who were injured or lost their homes during the havoc caused by these violent tornadic storms. Many of these tornadoes occurred within range of the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAHuntsville) Advanced Radar for Meteorological and Operational Research (ARMOR, C-band dual-polarimetric). A unique capability of dual-polarimetric radar is the near-real time identification of lofted debris associated with ongoing tornadoes. The focus of this paper is to analyze the dual-polarimetric radar-inferred tornado debris signatures in 6 tornadoes in North Alabama on April 27, 2011. Several of these debris signatures were disseminated in real-time to the NWS Huntsville and local media to confirm storm spotter reports, confidence to enhance wording within warnings, and accurately pinpoint the locations of tornadoes for residents downstream of the storm. Also, the debris signature locations were used in post-event storm surveys to help locate areas of damage in regions where damage went unreported, or to help separate tornado tracks that were in close proximity to each other. Furthermore, the relative locations of the debris and damage paths for long track EF-4 and EF-5 tornadoes will be ascertained by careful comparison of the ARMOR analysis with NASA MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) and ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) satellite imagery of the tornado damage scenes and the National Weather Service tornado damage surveys.

Carey, Lawrence D.; Schultz, Christopher J.; Schultz, Elise V.; Petersen, Walter A.; Gatlin, Patrick N.; Knupp, Kevin R.; Molthan, Andrew L.; Jedloved, Gary J.; Carcione, Brian C.; Darden, Christopher B.; Crowe, Christina C.

2012-01-01

118

Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alabama BlueCross and BlueShield Medical Information Server, located and developed by the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Computer and Information Sciences, through a grant from Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama for the express purpose of providing Internet access to medical information for all physicians and other health care providers in the state of Alabama. It provides links to a broad range of medical information resources located throughout the Internet. Menus provide information on diseases and disorders, patient care and medical practice, medical specialties, journals and newsletters, health care reform, and other medical information.

1997-01-01

119

75 FR 62531 - Alabama Power Company; Project No. 349-150-Alabama Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project; Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy Regulatory Commission Alabama Power Company; Project No. 349-150--Alabama Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Proposed Restricted...certain parties listed below. Alabama Power Company, as licensee for...

2010-10-12

120

Water EducaTion for Alabama's Black Belt (WET Alabama): Facilitating Scientific Understanding of the Hydrologic Cycle in Low-Resource Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Youth, as future citizens, play an important role in obtaining and maintaining water resources. Water EducaTion for Alabama's Black Belt (WET Alabama) provides off-campus environmental and water-education activities designed to increase the appreciation, knowledge, conservation, and protection of water resources by middle-school teachers and children from predominantly African-American families in some of Alabama's poorest counties. The project is structured around a variety of indoor and outdoor activities held at two field sites, Auburn University's E. V. Smith Center in Macon County and the Robert G. Wehle Nature Center in Bullock County located in Alabama's "Black Belt" region, a region in which the prosperity of local communities is low. The educational activities provide an engaging laboratory and field experience for children from rural schools that lack scientific facilities and equipment. Both hosting centers have easy access to surface water (ponds, wetlands, streams) and offer facilities for basic hydrologic experiments (e.g., aquifer models, permeameter, water quality). The E.V. Smith site has access to groundwater through pairs of nested wells. Educational activities are designed to help students and teachers visualize groundwater flow and its interaction with surface water in an aquifer tank model; compare the hydrologic properties (porosity and permeability) of different aquifer materials (sands, gravels, and clays); learn about groundwater purging and sampling; and assess water quality and flow direction in the field. Simple exercises demonstrate (1) the balance of recharge and discharge, (2) the effects of flooding, drought and pumping, and (3) movement of contaminants through aquifers. A set of ready-to-teach laboratory exercises and tutorials address goals specified by the State of Alabama science curriculum for grades 6 to 8. The ultimate goal of Project WET Alabama is to help students and teachers from resource-poor schools become knowledgeable about surface water and groundwater so they can identify and sustain "safe" aquifer zones, where clean water resources are available for long-term use and economic development.

Wolf, L. W.; Lee, M.; Stone, K.

2008-12-01

121

Alabama Public Library Service Annual Report, 1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report highlights the accomplishments of the Alabama Public Library Service (APLS) during 1990. Introductory materials include a map of Alabama's Congressional districts, photographs of the executive board of APLS, and comments from the chairman of the executive board and from APLS' director. Accomplishments are reported under the…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

122

Alabama Allied Health Needs Assessment Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the supply of and demand for allied health professionals in Alabama, focusing on the relationship between supply and demand in various workplace settings in the context of Alabama's demographics, current educational programs, and projected changes in health care. The health care professions included in the study were all fields…

Morris, Libby V.

123

Alabama Department of Education Quick Facts, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure presents state statistics; Alabama public schools 2007-08; Alabama State Board of Education members; financial data; public school size and enrollment; transportation; school meals; school personnel, 2007-2008; graduation requirements; student assessment; additional enrollment; and dropouts, 2006-07.

Alabama Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

124

Alabama Education Quick Facts, 2009-2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure presents state statistics; Alabama public schools 2009-10; Alabama State Board of Education members; financial data; public school size and enrollment, 2009-10 school year; transportation; school meals; school personnel, 2009-2010; graduation requirements; student assessment; additional enrollment; and dropouts in school year 2008-09.

Alabama Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

125

Alabama Education Quick Facts: Plan 2020  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure presents state statistics for the following categories; Alabama public schools, 2012-13; Alabama State Board of Education members; financial data, FY 2012; public school size and enrollment, 2012-13 school year; transportation, 2012-13; school meals, 2011-12; school personnel, 2012-13; graduation rates, 2010-11; graduation…

Alabama Department of Education, 2013

2013-01-01

126

Goals for Education. Challenge to Lead: Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Southern Regional Education Board adopted Challenge to Lead education goals to focus and hold attention on educational improvement in its 16 states. This report provides an overview of Alabama?s progress toward meeting these important goals. Challenge to Lead asserts: ?With almost half of the new jobs created in America in the 1990s, Southern…

Southern Regional Education Board, 2004

2004-01-01

127

Outdoor recreational opportunities in Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What comes to mind when you think about outdoor recreational opportunities? Diagram of the recreational opportunities to enjoy First we will look at the forest services and recreational opportunities. Forest Services There is plenty of hunting opportunities in Alabama to enjoy. Hunting Opportunities Outdoor tips can be essential when enjoying the outdoors. Outdoor Tips What a better way to spend a weekend then going fishing with family and friends. Places to Fish A great way to spend a weekend could also consist of hiking. Hiking Now ...

Smith, Adam

2012-04-04

128

Jun Wang1, Sundar A Christopher1, U. S. Nair1, Jeffrey S. Reid2, Elaine M. Prins3, Jim Szykman4 1Univ. of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL; 2Naval Research Laboratory, Monterey CA;  

E-print Network

. (a) Averaged RAMS-AROMA AOT; (b) Averaged reduction of solar flux at the surface; (c) Difference results with observations made in Texas and DOE Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM) in the Southern of sensible heat due to smoke radiative effects (with smoke radiation ­ without smoke radiation); (d) Averaged

Wang, Jun

129

System analysis for the Huntsville Operational Support Center distributed computer system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A simulation model was developed and programmed in three languages BASIC, PASCAL, and SLAM. Two of the programs are included in this report, the BASIC and the PASCAL language programs. SLAM is not supported by NASA/MSFC facilities and hence was not included. The statistical comparison of simulations of the same HOSC system configurations are in good agreement and are in agreement with the operational statistics of HOSC that were obtained. Three variations of the most recent HOSC configuration was run and some conclusions drawn as to the system performance under these variations.

Ingels, E. M.

1983-01-01

130

76 FR 27141 - Alabama Disaster # AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date: 04/28/2011....

2011-05-10

131

HYDROLOGIC INITIATIVE IN COASTAL MISSISSIPPI AND ALABAMA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Nature Conservancy has completed a comprehensive site conservation plan at Grand Bay, Alabama. The primary stressors impacting the coastal habitats and significant conservation targets at Grand Bay include: habitat loss, fire suppression, exotic species, alteration of hydro...

132

76 FR 30008 - Alabama Regulatory Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...environment from the adverse effects of surface coal mining operations.'' Section...program does not regulate coal exploration and surface coal mining and reclamation operations...the Alabama program has no effect on...

2011-05-24

133

Alabama Cougars: Sorting Fact From Fiction  

E-print Network

, and painter are some of the names commonly used to refer to the same animal (scientific name Puma concolor the wilderness of Alabama, or is it all just a myth? What Is a Cougar? Cougar, panther, Florida panther, puma

Ditchkoff, Steve

134

Climate Variability and Impact at NASA's Marshal Space Flight Center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate analysis for the Southeast U. S. has indicated that inland regions have experienced an average temperature increase of 2F since 1970. This trend is generally characterized by warmer winters with an indication of increased precipitation in the Fall season. Extended periods of limited rainfall in the Spring and Summer periods have had greater areal coverage and, at other times the number of precipitation events has been increasing. Climate model projections for the next 10-70 years indicate warmer temperatures for the Southeast U.S., particularly in the Spring and Summer, with some indication of more extremes in temperature and precipitation as shown in the table below. The realization of these types of regional climate changes in the form of extended heat waves and droughts and their subsequent stress on facilities, infrastructure, and workforce could have substantial impact on the activities and functions of NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama. This presentation will present the results of an examination of the 100 year temperature and precipitation record for MSFC. Local warming has cause an increase in daily maximum and minimum temperatures by nearly 3F, with a substantial increase in the number of maximum temperatures exceeding 90F and a decrease in the number of days with minimum temperatures below freezing. These trends have substantial impact of the number of heating / cooling degree days for the area. Yearly precipitation totals are inversely correlated with the change in mean temperature and the frequency of heavy rain events has remain consistent with the changes in yearly totals. An extended heat wave index was developed which shows an increase in frequency of heat waves over the last 35 years and a subsequent reduction in precipitation during the heat waves. This trend will contribute to more intense drought conditions over the northern Alabama region, increasing the potential of destructive wildfires in and around the Center. MSFC has begun using this climate change information to adapt short-term and long-term plans for Center operations.

Smoot, J. L.; Jedlovec, G.; Williams, B.

2013-12-01

135

Climate Variability and Impact at NASA's Marshal Space Flight Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Climate analysis for the Southeast U. S. has indicated that inland regions have experienced an average temperature increase of 2F since 1970. This trend is generally characterized by warmer winters with an indication of increased precipitation in the Fall season. Extended periods of limited rainfall in the Spring and Summer periods have had greater areal coverage and, at other times the number of precipitation events has been increasing. Climate model projections for the next 10-70 years indicate warmer temperatures for the Southeast U.S., particularly in the Spring and Summer, with some indication of more extremes in temperature and precipitation as shown in the table below. The realization of these types of regional climate changes in the form of extended heat waves and droughts and their subsequent stress on facilities, infrastructure, and workforce could have substantial impact on the activities and functions of NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama. This presentation will present the results of an examination of the 100 year temperature and precipitation record for MSFC. Local warming has cause an increase in daily maximum and minimum temperatures by nearly 3F, with a substantial increase in the number of maximum temperatures exceeding 90F and a decrease in the number of days with minimum temperatures below freezing. These trends have substantial impact of the number of heating / cooling degree days for the area. Yearly precipitation totals are inversely correlated with the change in mean temperature and the frequency of heavy rain events has remain consistent with the changes in yearly totals. An extended heat wave index was developed which shows an increase in frequency of heat waves over the last 35 years and a subsequent reduction in precipitation during the heat waves. This trend will contribute to more intense drought conditions over the northern Alabama region, increasing the potential of destructive wildfires in and around the Center. MSFC has begun using this climate change information to adapt short-term and long-term plans for Center operations.

Smoot, James L.; Jedlovec, Gary; Williams, Brett

2013-01-01

136

77 FR 14516 - Alabama Power Company, Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Proposed Revised Restricted...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Alabama] Alabama Power Company, Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project; Notice...for the Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project would be...Alabama SHPO; Alabama Power Company, the licensee...for the Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project to...

2012-03-12

137

Libraries and Accreditation: Proceedings of the Annual Conference, Alabama Library Association, College, University, and Special Libraries Division (Huntsville, AL, April 13, 1993).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a collection of five essays on accreditation and the role libraries play in the process. Topics include: an overview of the accreditation process, librarian participation in the accreditation process, summary of what happens after the accreditation committee leaves, evaluation of libraries and services provided, and determination of…

Fitch, Donna K., Ed.

1995-01-01

138

Finite element analysis in fluids; Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Finite Element Methods in Flow Problems, University of Alabama, Huntsville, Apr. 3-7, 1989  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent advances in computational fluid dynamics are examined in reviews and reports, with an emphasis on finite-element methods. Sections are devoted to adaptive meshes, atmospheric dynamics, combustion, compressible flows, control-volume finite elements, crystal growth, domain decomposition, EM-field problems, FDM/FEM, and fluid-structure interactions. Consideration is given to free-boundary problems with heat transfer, free surface flow, geophysical flow problems, heat and mass transfer, high-speed flow, incompressible flow, inverse design methods, MHD problems, the mathematics of finite elements, and mesh generation. Also discussed are mixed finite elements, multigrid methods, non-Newtonian fluids, numerical dissipation, parallel vector processing, reservoir simulation, seepage, shallow-water problems, spectral methods, supercomputer architectures, three-dimensional problems, and turbulent flows.

Chung, T. J. (editor); Karr, Gerald R. (editor)

1989-01-01

139

ATM Coastal Topography-Alabama 2001  

USGS Publications Warehouse

These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of Lidar-derived first surface (FS) topography were produced collaboratively by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC), St. Petersburg, FL, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of the Alabama coastline, acquired October 3-4, 2001. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural resource managers. An innovative scanning Lidar instrument originally developed by NASA, and known as the Airborne Topographic Mapper (ATM), was used during data acquisition. The ATM system is a scanning Lidar system that measures high-resolution topography of the land surface, and incorporates a green-wavelength laser operating at pulse rates of 2 to 10 kilohertz. Measurements from the laser ranging device are coupled with data acquired from inertial navigation system (INS) attitude sensors and differentially corrected global positioning system (GPS) receivers to measure topography of the surface at accuracies of +/-15 centimeters. The nominal ATM platform is a Twin Otter or P-3 Orion aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the ATM system, and the resulting data were then processed using the Airborne Lidar Processing System (ALPS), a custom-built processing system developed in a NASA-USGS collaboration. ALPS supports the exploration and processing of Lidar data in an interactive or batch mode. Modules for pre-survey flight line definition, flight path plotting, Lidar raster and waveform investigation, and digital camera image playback have been developed. Processing algorithms have been developed to extract the range to the first and last significant return within each waveform. ALPS is routinely used to create maps that represent submerged or first surface topography.

Nayegandhi, Amar; Yates, Xan; Brock, John C.; Sallenger, A.H.; Bonisteel, Jamie M.; Klipp, Emily S.; Wright, C. Wayne

2009-01-01

140

University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry  

E-print Network

University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry 7 Day Hawaiian Cruise Aboard Norwegian of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry. Jodi Murphy, Managing Member Cruise and Travel Partners P: 1

Cui, Yan

141

2. ALABAMA GATES LOOKING SOUTHEAST ALONG LINED CHANNEL, NOTE CHEMICAL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. ALABAMA GATES LOOKING SOUTHEAST ALONG LINED CHANNEL, NOTE CHEMICAL PURIFICATION TANK IN DISTANCE FOR KEEPING DOWN GROWTH OF ALGAE - Los Angeles Aqueduct, Alabama Gates, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

142

Northern Alabama colonies of the endangered grey bat Myotis grisescens: Organochlorine contamination and mortality  

USGS Publications Warehouse

From 1976 to 1986, dead and dying grey bats Myotis grisescens and grey bat guano were collected from caves along the Tennessee River in northern Alabama to determine the possible role of organochlorine chemicals.sbd.in particular wastes from a former DDT manufacturing plant near Huntsville.sbd.in the mortalities. Concentrations of chemical residues in brains were less than known lethal levels: certain observations and analyses did indicate the possibility of past organochlorine-induced bat deaths. Levels of contaminants in bats declined slowly during the 10-year sampling period, but heavy residue burdens persist. The high ratio of DDD to DDE in residue from the former DDT plant made them identifiable as far as 140 km downriver. Grey bats concentrated chemical rsidues to higher levels and demonstrated the presence of these residues over much greater distances than did red-winged blackbirds Agelaius phoeniceus. Grey bats may be the most sensitive indicator available for monitoring the contamination from this former DDT manufacturing site.

Clark, D.R., Jr.; Bagley, F.M.; Johnson, W.W.

1988-01-01

143

Graptemys pulchra Baur 1893: Alabama Map Turtle  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Alabama Map Turtle, Graptemys pulchra (Family Emydidae), is a moderately large riverine species endemic to the Mobile Bay drainage system of Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi. Sexual size dimorphism is pronounced, with adult females (carapace length [CL] to 273 mm) attaining more than twice the size of adult males (CL to 117 mm). The species is an inhabitant of relatively large, swift creeks and rivers, often with wide sandbars. Stream sections open to the sun and with abundant basking sites in the form of logs and brush are preferred. Six to seven clutches of 4–7 eggs are laid each year on river sandbars. Although the species is locally abundant, populations are threatened by habitat destruction, declines in their prey base, commercial collection, and vandalism. It is listed as a Species of Special Concern in Alabama.

Lovich, Jeffrey E.; Godwin, James C.; McCoy, C.J.

2014-01-01

144

Magnitude and frequency of floods in Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Methods of estimating flood magnitudes for recurrence intervals of 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, and 500 years are described for rural streams in Alabama that are not affected by regulation or urbanization. Flood-frequency characteristics are presented for 198 gaging stations in Alabama having 10 or more years of record through September 1991, that are used in the regional analysis. Regression relations were developed using generalized least-squares regression techniques to estimate flood magnitude and frequency on ungaged streams as a function of the drainage area of a basin. Sites on gaged streams should be weighted with gaging station data that are presented in the report. Graphical relations of peak discharges to drainage areas are also presented for sites along the Alabama, Black Warrior, Cahaba, Choctawhatchee, Conecub, and Tombigbee Rivers. Equations for estimating flood magnitudes on ungaged urban streams (taken from a previous report) that use drainage area and percentage of impervious cover as independent variables also are given.

Atkins, J. Brian

1996-01-01

145

7th AAS/ AIAA Space Flight Mechanics Meeting, February 10-12 1997, Huntsville, AL COORDINATED MOTION CONTROL OF  

E-print Network

the dynamic coupling between the arms and the base [5]. A resolved motion rate control was developed to compensate for spacecraft motion [6], and applied to the control of a multiple arm system [7]. The extended7th AAS/ AIAA Space Flight Mechanics Meeting, February 10-12 1997, Huntsville, AL 1 COORDINATED

Papadopoulos, Evangelos

146

Fast, Affordable, Science and Technology Satellite (FASTSAT) Huntsville-01 (HSV-01) Spacecraft Lessons Learned Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Fast Affordable Science and Technology Satellite (FASTSAT) project is a path finding effort to produce reliable satellite busses for different applications at an unprecedented speed and low cost. The project is designed to be a generational project and the first satellite produced is the Huntsville -01 (HSV-01) spacecraft. The subject of this report is the lessons learned gained during the development, testing, and up to the delivery of the FASTSAT HSV -01 spacecraft. The purpose of this report is to capture the major findings that will greatly benefit the future FASTSAT satellites and perhaps other projects interested in pushing the boundaries for cost and schedule. The FASTSAT HSV -01 primary objectives, success criteria, and team partners are summarized to give a frame of reference to the lessons learned.

Smith, Timothy A.

2012-01-01

147

Alabama's Education Report Card, 2011-2012  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational progress has been moving in the right direction for several years in Alabama. Now, with the implementation of Alabama's own Plan 2020, an even higher level of accountability for students, teachers, administrators, support systems, and schools/school systems, Alabama is poised to experience unprecedented growth. Add to that, the…

Alabama Department of Education, 2013

2013-01-01

148

Triassic/Jurassic faulting patterns of Conecuh Ridge, southwest Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Two major fault systems influenced Jurassic structure and deposition on the Conecuh Ridge, southwest Alabama. Identification and dating of these fault systems are based on seismic-stratigraphic interpretation of a 7-township grid in Monroe and Conecuh Counties. Relative time of faulting is determined by fault geometry and by formation isopachs and isochrons. Smackover and Norphlet Formations, both Late Jurassic in age, are mappable seismic reflectors and are thus reliable for seismicstratigraphic dating. The earlier of the 2 fault systems is a series of horsts and grabens that trends northeast-southwest and is Late Triassic to Early Jurassic in age. The system formed in response to tensional stress associated with the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. The resulting topography was a series of northeast-southwest-trending ridges. Upper Triassic Eagle Mills and Jurassic Werner Formations were deposited in the grabens. The later fault system is also a series of horsts and grabens trending perpendicular to the first. This system was caused by tensional stress related to a pulse in the opening of the Gulf of Mexico. Faulting began in Early Jurassic and continued into Late Jurassic, becoming progressively younger basinward. At the basin margin, faulting produced a very irregular shoreline. Submerged horst blocks became centers for shoaling or carbonate buildups. Today, these blocks are exploration targets in southwest Alabama.

Hutley, J.K.

1985-02-01

149

Effect of oxygen concentration on the magnetic properties of La2CoMnO6 Center for Materials for Information Technology and Department of Chemistry, University of Alabama,  

E-print Network

Effect of oxygen concentration on the magnetic properties of La2CoMnO6 thin films H. Z. Guo Center; published online 16 November 2007 The dependence of the magnetic properties on oxygen concentration the oxygen background pressure during growth using pulsed laser deposition. Two distinct ferromagnetic FM

Pennycook, Steve

150

Alabama's Hatter's Pond called a classic field  

Microsoft Academic Search

Delineation of the combination (structural-stratigraphic) hydrocarbon traps in southern Alabama's Hatter's Pond field demands a thorough understanding of the facies distribution, diagenesis, and structural relations of the area. The field's trapping mechanism is highly complex. In addition to the salt movement associated with normal faulting, the porosity distribution - and hence reservoir development - is facies-selective and is significantly altered

McCaslin

1981-01-01

151

Implementation of Alabama Resources Information System, ARIS  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Development of ARIS - Alabama Resources Information System is summarized. Development of data bases, system simplification for user access, and making information available to personnel having a need to use ARIS or in the process of developing ARIS type systems are discussed.

Herring, B. E.

1978-01-01

152

Alabama Kids Count 2001 Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count data book examines statewide trends in well-being for Alabama's children. The statistical portrait is based on 17 indicators in the areas of health, education, safety, and security. The indicators are: (1) infant mortality rate; (2) low weight births; (3) child health index; (4) births to unmarried teens; (5) first grade retention;…

Curtis, Apreill; Bogie, Don

153

Alabama Kids Count 2002 Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count data book examines statewide trends in well-being of Alabamas children. The statistical portrait is based on 18 indicators in the areas of child health, education, safety, and security: (1) infant mortality rate; (2) low weight births; (3) child health index; (4) births to unmarried teens; (5) first grade retention; (6) school…

Curtis, Apreill; Bogie, Don

154

Collection Development in Alabama's Academic Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of the collection development practices in five of Alabama's academic libraries shows that a variety of methods of collection building and management have emerged as a result of different traditions and emphases in the state's libraries supporting higher education. Its findings are the result of interview and questionnaire responses from librarians who have collection development responsibilities in academic

Linda McNair Cohen

1988-01-01

155

Chemical Technician Manpower Survey: State of Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was undertaken to assess the needs of Alabama's industry for chemical technicians and to determine the kinds and levels of skills required by major employers. Of the 75 organizations responding to the questionnaire with usable data, 62 were private industries, 6 were testing laboratories, and 7 were federal agencies. Generally, the study…

Watkins, Donald; And Others

156

THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA RECORDS MANAGEMENT  

E-print Network

THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA RECORDS MANAGEMENT POLICY AND PROCEDURES University Archives Records in the management of their recorded information, the University Archives has published this manual. The manual meanings when used in the records management context. The following list has been provided to define

Carver, Jeffrey C.

157

New technology N products in alabama  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Because of high fertilizer N prices, growers are interested in using less expensive sources of N and using fertilizer additives to reduce ammonia volatilization losses from urea sources. An experiment on a Lucedale fine sandy loam in Central Alabama (Prattville Research Unit) was conducted in 2007 ...

158

RCP Local School Projects in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of 6 state reports generated by the Regional Curriculum Project (funded under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act), the document describes 4 specific projects implemented through the Alabama State Superintendent's Office beginning in 1966. All 4 projects were designed to improve instructional leadership by defining the role(s) of the…

Regional Curriculum Project, Atlanta, GA.

159

Assessment of the geothermal/geopressure potential of the Gulf Coastal Plan of Alabama. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Geothermal and geopressure as well as geologic and geophysical data were studied to evaluate the potential for future development of geothermal resources underlying the Alabama Coastal Plain. Wire-line log data compiled and interpreted from more than 1300 oil and gas test wells included maximum recorded temperatures, mud weights, rock resistivities as related to geopressure, formation tops, fault locations, and depths to basement rock. The Alabama Coastal Plain area is underlain by a conduction dominated, deep sedimentary basin where geothermal gradients are low to moderate (1.0 to 1.8/sup 0/F/100 feet). In some areas of southwest Alabama, abnormally high temperatures are found in association with geopressured zones within the Haynesville Formation of Jurassic age; however, rocks of poor reservoir quality dominate this formation, with the exception of a 200-square-mile area centered in southernmost Clarke County where a porous and permeable sand unit is encased within massive salt deposits of the lower Haynesville. The results of a petrograhic study of the Smackover Formation, which underlies the Haynesville, indicate that this carbonate rock unit has sufficient porosity in some areas to be considered a potential geothermal reservoir. Future development of geothermal resources in south Alabama will be restricted to low or moderate temperature, non-electric applications, which constitute a significant potential energy source for applications in space heating and cooling and certain agricultural and industrial processes.

Wilson, G.V.; Wang, G.C.; Mancini, E.A.; Benson, D.J.

1980-01-01

160

Spend a Day in Outer Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Alabama Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama as stimulating experience for students in aerospace education. The center has the largest collection of space-age hardware assembled under one roof, a Space Flight simulator, a Skylab space station mock-up and many more interesting exhibits. (BR)

Journal of Aerospace Education, 1975

1975-01-01

161

Paleocene sequence stratigraphy of southwestern Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

In southwestern Alabama, the Paleocene consists of about 1300 ft (396 m) of marginal marine and marine terrigenous and carbonate sediments. Based on regional stratigraphic, sedimentologic, and paleontologic data, up to seven unconformity-bounded depositional sequences resulting from relative changes in coastal onlap during the Paleocene are recognized in these strata. These sequences are, in ascending order, the TP1.1a, comprised of

E. A. Mancini; B. H. Tew

1988-01-01

162

Development of Alabama Resources Information System (ARIS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A formal, organized set of information concerning the development status of the Alabama Resources Information System (ARIS) as of September 1976 is provided. A series of computer source language programs, and flow charts related to each of the computer programs to provide greater ease in performing future change are presented. Listings of the variable names, and their meanings, used in the various source code programs, and copies of the various user manuals which were prepared through this time are given.

Herring, B. E.; Vachon, R. I.

1976-01-01

163

The Development of the Acoustic Design of NASA Glenn Research Center's New Reverberant Acoustic Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Glenn Research Center (GRC) is leading the design and build of the new world-class vibroacoustic test capabilities at the NASA GRC s Plum Brook Station in Sandusky, Ohio. Benham Companies, LLC is currently constructing modal, base-shake sine and reverberant acoustic test facilities to support the future testing needs of NASA s space exploration program. The large Reverberant Acoustic Test Facility (RATF) will be approximately 101,000 ft3 in volume and capable of achieving an empty chamber acoustic overall sound pressure level (OASPL) of 163 dB. This combination of size and acoustic power is unprecedented amongst the world s known active reverberant acoustic test facilities. The key to achieving the expected acoustic test spectra for a range of many NASA space flight environments in the RATF is the knowledge gained from a series of ground acoustic tests. Data was obtained from several NASA-sponsored test programs, including testing performed at the National Research Council of Canada s acoustic test facility in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, and at the Redstone Technical Test Center acoustic test facility in Huntsville, Alabama. The majority of these tests were performed to characterize the acoustic performance of the modulators (noise generators) and representative horns that would be required to meet the desired spectra, as well as to evaluate possible supplemental gas jet noise sources. The knowledge obtained in each of these test programs enabled the design of the RATF sound generation system to confidently advance to its final acoustic design and subsequent on-going construction.

Hughes, William O.; McNelis, Mark E.; Hozman, Aron D.; McNelis, Anne M.

2011-01-01

164

The Development of the Acoustic Design of NASA Glenn Research Center's New Reverberant Acoustic Test Facility  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Glenn Research Center (GRC) is leading the design and build of the new world-class vibroacoustic test capabilities at the NASA GRC's Plum Brook Station in Sandusky, Ohio, USA. Benham Companies, LLC is currently constructing modal, base-shake sine and reverberant acoustic test facilities to support the future testing needs of NASA s space exploration program. The large Reverberant Acoustic Test Facility (RATF) will be approximately 101,000 ft3 in volume and capable of achieving an empty chamber acoustic overall sound pressure level (OASPL) of 163 dB. This combination of size and acoustic power is unprecedented amongst the world s known active reverberant acoustic test facilities. The key to achieving the expected acoustic test spectra for a range of many NASA space flight environments in the RATF is the knowledge gained from a series of ground acoustic tests. Data was obtained from several NASA-sponsored test programs, including testing performed at the National Research Council of Canada s acoustic test facility in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, and at the Redstone Technical Test Center acoustic test facility in Huntsville, Alabama, USA. The majority of these tests were performed to characterize the acoustic performance of the modulators (noise generators) and representative horns that would be required to meet the desired spectra, as well as to evaluate possible supplemental gas jet noise sources. The knowledge obtained in each of these test programs enabled the design of the RATF sound generation system to confidently advance to its final acoustic design and subsequent on-going construction.

Hughes, William O.; McNelis, Mark E.; Hozman, Aron D.; McNelis, Anne M.

2011-01-01

165

30 CFR 901.20 - Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. 901... § 901.20 Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan,...

2010-07-01

166

30 CFR 901.20 - Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

...2014-07-01 false Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. 901... § 901.20 Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan,...

2014-07-01

167

30 CFR 901.20 - Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. 901... § 901.20 Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan,...

2012-07-01

168

30 CFR 901.20 - Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. 901... § 901.20 Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan,...

2013-07-01

169

30 CFR 901.20 - Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 false Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. 901... § 901.20 Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved the Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan,...

2011-07-01

170

76 FR 72495 - Alabama Metal Coil Securement Act; Petition for Determination of Preemption  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. FMCSA-2011-0318] Alabama Metal Coil Securement Act; Petition for Determination...determination that the State of Alabama's Metal Coil Securement Act is preempted by Federal...what effect, if any, Alabama's metal coil load securement certification...

2011-11-23

171

75 FR 23264 - Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of Alabama  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...State of Alabama is revising its approved Public Water System Supervision Program. Alabama has adopted the following rules: Arsenic Rule, Lead and Copper Minor Revisions Rule, and Radionuclides Rule. EPA has determined that Alabama's rules are no...

2010-05-03

172

77 FR 74841 - Alabama Power Company; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and Soliciting Comments...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Applicant: Alabama Power Company. e. Name of Project...Anderson, Alabama Power Company, 600 18th Street North...Application: Alabama Power Company requests Commission approval to grant Jack's Family Restaurant, a fast...

2012-12-18

173

U.S. Geological Survey: Water Resources of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains water data, publications, and links to current weather in Alabama and weather radar and satellite images. The water streamflow data includes daily streamflow conditions of the United States, national water conditions, current streamflow conditions, current rain gauges of Alabama Power, a current river summary, and current drought conditions in Alabama. The publications are about water-resource activities in Alabama, the J.B. Converse Lake Watershed Assessment, the National Water-Quality Assessment Programs for the Lower-Tennessee and Mobile river basins, and water resource programs of the USGS.

174

Photocopy of a Postcard, Alabama Archives: circa 1915. VIEW LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of a Postcard, Alabama Archives: circa 1915. VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST - Louisville & Nashville Railroad, Union Station Train Shed, Water Street, opposite Lee Street, Montgomery, Montgomery County, AL

175

Parameters of triggered-lightning flashes in Florida and Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Channel base currents from triggered lightning were measured at the NASA Kennedy Space Center, Florida, during summer 1990 and at Fort McClellan, Alabama, during summer 1991. Additionally, 16-mm cinematic records with 3- or 5-ms resolution were obtained for all flashes, and streak camera records were obtained for three of the Florida flashes. The 17 flashes analyzed contained 69 strokes, all lowering negative charge from cloud to ground. Statistics on interstroke interval, no-current interstroke interval, total stroke duration, total stroke charge, total stroke action integral ({integral}i{sup 2}dt), return stroke current wave front characteristics, time to half peak value, and return stroke peak current are presented. Return stroke current pulses, characterized by rise times of the order of a few microseconds or less and peak values in the range of 4 to 38 kA, were found not to occur until after any preceding current at the bottom of the lightning channel fell below the noise level of less than 2 A. A relatively strong positive correlation was found between return stroke current average rate of rise and current peak. There was essentially no correlation between return stroke current peak and 10-90% rise time or between return stroke peak and the width of the current waveform at half of its peak value. Parameters of the lightning flashes triggered in Florida and Alabama are similar to each other but are different from those of triggered lightning recorded in New Mexico during the 1981 Thunderstorm Research International Program. Continuing currents that follow return stroke current peaks and last for more than 10 ms exhibit a variety of wave shapes that the authors have subdivided into four categories. All such continuing currents appear to start with a current pulse presumably associated with an M component. A brief summary of lightning parameters important for lightning protection, is presented in an appendix. 43 refs., 11 figs., 5 tabs.

Fisher, R.J.; Schnetzer, G.H. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Thottappillil, R.; Rakov, V.A.; Uman, M.A.; Goldberg, J.D. [Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)

1993-12-20

176

TRANSMISSION OF EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS IN CENTRAL ALABAMA  

PubMed Central

A site near Tuskegee, Alabama was examined for vector activity of eastern equine encephalomyelitis (EEE) virus in 2001. More than 23,000 mosquitoes representing 8 genera and 34 species were collected during a 21-week period, and five species, Culiseta melanura, Aedes vexans, Coquillettidia perturbans, Culex erraticus, and Uranotaenia sapphirina, were examined for the presence of virus using a nested reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction for EEE virus. Each species was infected at various times of the mosquito season (May–September) with different minimum infection rates (MIRs). Culiseta melanura had the highest MIR (20.2) and positive pools were detected from late May to mid-September. Aedes vexans had an MIR of 2.2 and was infected early in the season (June), while Cq. perturbans exhibited a much higher field infection rate (9.9) with all positive pools collected in August. Culiseta melanura is a likely endemic vector in central Alabama, while Ae. vexans and Cq. perturbans probably function as bridge vectors. Culex erraticus, the most common mosquito in the habitat (54% of total collections), had an MIR of 3.2, and was persistently infected from mid-June to mid-September. This is the first report of high rates of EEE virus infection in this species, a member of the tropical subgenus Melanoconion. Uranotaenia sapphirina, considered to feed on amphibians and possibly reptiles, had an MIR of 5.6, with positive pools spanning a four-month period. This suggests that species other than birds may serve as a reservoir for EEE in hardwood swamps in the Southeastern United States and elsewhere. The lengthy period of mosquito infection with EEE virus, coupled with the diverse habits of the vectors and their proximity to a population center, indicate the importance of monitoring EEE virus activity in the Mid-South. PMID:12875303

CUPP, EDDIE W.; KLINGLER, KIMBERLY; HASSAN, HASSAN K.; VIGUERS, LESLIE M.; UNNASCH, THOMAS R.

2008-01-01

177

National Center for Environmental Health  

E-print Network

Academic Centers Johns Hopkins University (NE) Loma Linda University (SW) University of Alabama the science-base in EH to improve public health practice. #12;Regional Academic Centers The five universities these services. #12;CDC's Environmental Health Revitalization Strategy #12;The Goals 1. Build Capacity 2. Support

178

Topobathymetric model of Mobile Bay, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Topobathymetric Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) are a merged rendering of both topography (land elevation) and bathymetry (water depth) that provides a seamless elevation product useful for inundation mapping, as well as for other earth science applications, such as the development of sediment-transport, sea-level rise, and storm-surge models. This 1/9-arc-second (approximately 3 meters) resolution model of Mobile Bay, Alabama was developed using multiple topographic and bathymetric datasets, collected on different dates. The topographic data were obtained primarily from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Elevation Dataset (NED) (http://ned.usgs.gov/) at 1/9-arc-second resolution; USGS Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL) data (2 meters) (http://pubs.usgs.gov/ds/400/); and topographic lidar data (2 meters) and Compact Hydrographic Airborne Rapid Total Survey (CHARTS) lidar data (2 meters) from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) (http://www.csc.noaa.gov/digitalcoast/data/coastallidar/). Bathymetry was derived from digital soundings obtained from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) (http://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/geodas/geodas.html) and from water-penetrating lidar sources, such as EAARL and CHARTS. Mobile Bay is ecologically important as it is the fourth largest estuary in the United States. The Mobile and Tensaw Rivers drain into the bay at the northern end with the bay emptying into the Gulf of Mexico at the southern end. Dauphin Island (a barrier island) and the Fort Morgan Peninsula form the mouth of Mobile Bay. Mobile Bay is 31 miles (50 kilometers) long by a maximum width of 24 miles (39 kilometers) with a total area of 413 square miles (1,070 square kilometers). The vertical datum of the Mobile Bay topobathymetric model is the North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (NAVD 88). All the topographic datasets were originally referenced to NAVD 88 and no transformations were made to these input data. The NGDC hydrographic, multibeam, and trackline surveys were transformed from mean low water (MLW) or mean lower low water (MLLW) to NAVD 88 using VDatum (http://vdatum.noaa.gov). VDatum is a tool developed by the National Geodetic Survey (NGS) that performs transformations among tidal, ellipsoid-based, geoid-based, and orthometric datums using calibrated hydrodynamic models. The vertical accuracy of the input topographic data varied depending on the input source. Because the input elevation data were derived primarily from lidar, the vertical accuracy ranges from 6 to 20 centimeters in root mean square error (RMSE). he horizontal datum of the Mobile Bay topobathymetric model is the North American Datum of 1983 (NAD 83), geographic coordinates. All the topographic and bathymetric datasets were originally referenced to NAD 83, and no transformations were made to the input data. The bathymetric surveys were downloaded referenced to NAD 83 geographic, and therefore no horizontal transformations were required. The topbathymetric model of Mobile Bay and detailed metadata can be obtained from the USGS Web sites: http://nationalmap.gov/.

Danielson, Jeffrey J.; Brock, John C.; Howard, Daniel M.; Gesch, Dean B.; Bonisteel-Cormier, Jamie M.; Travers, Laurinda J.

2013-01-01

179

Dual-Polarimetric Radar-Based Tornado Debris Paths Associated with EF-4 and EF-5 Tornadoes over Northern Alabama During the Historic Outbreak of 27 April 2011  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An historic tornado and severe weather outbreak devastated much of the southeastern United States between 25 and 28 April 2011. On 27 April 2011, northern Alabama was particularly hard hit by a large number of tornadoes, including several that reached EF-4 and EF-5 on the Enhanced Fujita damage scale. In northern Alabama alone, there were approximately 100 fatalities and hundreds of more people who were injured or lost their homes during the havoc caused by these violent tornadic storms. Two long-track and violent (EF-4 and EF-5) tornadoes occurred within range of the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAHuntsville) Advanced Radar for Meteorological and Operational Research (ARMOR, C-band dual-polarimetric). A unique capability of dual-polarimetric radar is the near-real time identification of lofted debris associated with ongoing tornadoes on the ground. The focus of this paper is to analyze the dual-polarimetric radar-inferred tornado debris signatures and identify the associated debris paths of the long-track EF-4 and EF-5 tornadoes near ARMOR. The relative locations of the debris and damage paths for each tornado will be ascertained by careful comparison of the ARMOR analysis with NASA MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) and ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) satellite imagery of the tornado damage scenes and the National Weather Service tornado damage surveys. With the ongoing upgrade of the WSR-88D (Weather Surveillance Radar - 1988 Doppler) operational network to dual-polarimetry and a similar process having already taken place or ongoing for many private sector radars, dual-polarimetric radar signatures of tornado debris promise the potential to assist in the situational awareness of government and private sector forecasters and emergency managers during tornadic events. As such, a companion abstract (Schultz et al.) also submitted to this conference explores "The use of dual-polarimetric tornadic debris signatures in an operational setting."

Carey, Lawrence D.; Schultz, Christopher J.; Schultz, Elise V.; Petersen, Walter A.; Gatlin, Patrick N.; Knupp, Kevin R.; Molthan, Andrew L.; Darden, Christopher B.

2011-01-01

180

Dual-Polarimetric Radar-Based Tornado Debris Paths Associated with EF-4 and EF-5 Tornadoes over Northern Alabama During the Historic Outbreak of 27 April 2011  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An historic tornado and severe weather outbreak devastated much of the southeastern United States between 25 and 28 April 2011. On 27 April 2011, northern Alabama was particularly hard hit by a large number of tornadoes, including several that reached EF-4 and EF-5 on the Enhanced Fujita damage scale. In northern Alabama alone, there were approximately 100 fatalities and hundreds of more people who were injured or lost their homes during the havoc caused by these violent tornadic storms. Two long-track and violent (EF-4 and EF-5) tornadoes occurred within range of the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAHuntsville) Advanced Radar for Meteorological and Operational Research (ARMOR, C-band dual-polarimetric). A unique capability of dual-polarimetric radar is the near-real time identification of lofted debris associated with ongoing tornadoes on the ground. The focus of this paper is to analyze the dual-polarimetric radar-inferred tornado debris signatures and identify the associated debris paths of the long-track EF-4 and EF-5 tornadoes near ARMOR. The relative locations of the debris and damage paths for each tornado will be ascertained by careful comparison of the ARMOR analysis with NASA MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) and ASTER (Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer) satellite imagery of the tornado damage scenes and the National Weather Service tornado damage surveys. With the ongoing upgrade of the WSR-88D (Weather Surveillance Radar 1988 Doppler) operational network to dual-polarimetry and a similar process having already taken place or ongoing for many private sector radars, dual-polarimetric radar signatures of tornado debris promise the potential to assist in the situational awareness of government and private sector forecasters and emergency managers during tornadic events. As such, a companion abstract (Schultz et al.) also submitted to this conference explores The use of dual-polarimetric tornadic debris signatures in an operational setting.

Carey, Lawrence D.; Schultz, Chrstopher J.; Schultz, Elise V.; Petersen, Walter A.; Gatlin, Patrick N.; Knupp, Kevin R.; Molthan, Andrew L.; Jedlovec, Gary J.; Darden, Christopher B.

2012-01-01

181

Alabama's Education Report Card 2010-11  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public education in Alabama is moving in the right direction and is poised to be a national model for the college and career readiness of its students. Through some of the most challenging financial circumstances, public education in Alabama has continued to show great promise in many areas, including reading, math, and science. The success of…

Alabama Department of Education, 2012

2012-01-01

182

The Alabama High School Graduation Examination Experience: Technical Concerns.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A technical advisory committee assisted the Alabama State Department of Education in establishing passing scores and equating test forms of the Alabama High School Graduation Examination (AHSGE). The committee examined four methods of setting cutting scores: (1) Jensen's theoretical method--probability theory is used to set standards that are…

Lockwood, Robert E.

183

History of Education in Alabama. Bulletin 1975, No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication summarizes the history of education in Alabama. It is intended to enhance the interest in and appreciation for the state's educational system and to demonstrate to Alabamians the value of building and maintaining a strong educational system. Education began in Alabama with the Indians who inhabited the state. Alabamian Indians…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Div. of Instructional Services.

184

Problem: Computer Science not Taught in Most Alabama High Schools  

E-print Network

Problem: Computer Science not Taught in Most Alabama High Schools · According to the Alabama; this is not Computer Science! · Within Jefferson county, less than a handful of high schools teach Computer Science will involve computing. · High school graduates in the 21st century cannot afford to be ignorant of Computer

Gray, Jeffrey G.

185

Flood of April 13, 1980, Mobile, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This report presents basic data collected during the flood of April 13, 1980, in Mobile, Alabama. The data consists of high-water marks, accumulative rainfall, peak discharge at local gaging stations, hydrographs of discharge and rainfall, and photographs at various locations taken during and immediately after the flood. The report presented in map-series and lists data that are readily usable by local planners and developers. During th afternoon of April 13, 1980, the National Weather Service at Mobile recorded a total of 10.4 inches of rainfall. Immediately after the flood approximately 60 to 70 percent of the roads in the Mobile area were impassable. (USGS)

Hannum, Curtis H.; Nelson, George H., Jr.

1980-01-01

186

Center for Macromolecular Crystallography, University of Alabama in Birmingham  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE) crystals grown under microgravity conditions on mission STS-26 of the Space Shuttle Discovery were shown to diffract to considerably higher resolution than the best PPE crystals grown by us on the ground. We have now independently refined both the microgravity and ground-based data. Preliminary results of these refinements are summarized. These results show nearly a doubling of experimental diffraction data for this structure, exceeding 1.3 A resolution. Improved phase information derived from the refined structure of PPE based on this microgravity data has allowed us to interpret previously-uninterpretable electron density obtained from ground-based crystals of a complex of PPE with a chemically-reactive inhibitor. Intermediate stages in the enzyme-inhibitor reaction mechanism in the crystal can now be directly observed. Further refinement of PPE structures is in progress.

Navia, Manuel A.

1991-01-01

187

Reservoir characterization of the Smackover Formation in southwest Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation is found in an arcuate belt in the subsurface from south Texas to panhandle Florida. The Smackover is the most prolific hydrocarbon-producing formation in Alabama and is an important hydrocarbon reservoir from Florida to Texas. In this report Smackover hydrocarbon reservoirs in southwest Alabama are described. Also, the nine enhanced- and improved-recovery projects that have been undertaken in the Smackover of Alabama are evaluated. The report concludes with recommendations about potential future enhanced- and improved-recovery projects in Smackover reservoirs in Alabama and an estimate of the potential volume of liquid hydrocarbons recoverable by enhanced- and improved-recovery methods from the Smackover of Alabama.

Kopaska-Merkel, D.C.; Hall, D.R.; Mann, S.D.; Tew, B.H.

1993-02-01

188

A mesoscale analysis of the pre-storm environment on the 17 June 1986 COHMEX day. [Cooperative Huntsville Meteorological Experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The study presented utilized special mesoscale Cooperative Huntsville Meteorological Experiment (COHMEX) data to understand the evolution of the preconvective environment on June 17, 1986. Using the special mesoscale COHMEX data, several mechanisms for triggering the convection are investigated. Afternoon heating probably was a major factor as observed noontime temperatures were near the sounding-derived convection temperatures. The special surface network revealed a quasi-stationary area of convergence not aligned with the front that may be associated with the orography of the area. This study demonstrates that rapid, small scale atmospheric variations preceded convective development on June 17, 1986.

Fuelberg, Henry E.; Schudalla, Ronald L.

1989-01-01

189

Sweet Home Alabama: Hot Spot for Phylogeography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Phylogeographers use molecular methods to map herpetological biodiversity in the heart of Dixie. In the mid-1990s, the diversity of freshwater fishes, snails, mussels, and turtles endemic to the waterways of Alabama and neighboring states prompted biologists to call for more attention to the region. They noted that conservation measures there were not comparable to efforts being made in tropical locations, even though the aquatic systems of Alabama qualified as hot spots. Now, using molecular methods, phylogeographers are documenting and expanding the understanding of the amphibian biodiversity of the regionâÂÂand continuing to call for conservation. Researchers in the field of phylogeography, founded two decades ago, use such strategies as ecological niche modeling and gene sequencing to map where species occur and to determine how they vary genetically across their range. Comparative phylogeographers then look for common genetic breaks across various species. By mapping breaks for many species across a landscape, researchers gain clues about when adaptations may have occurred and what may have prompted them.

Amy Mayer (freelancer;)

2009-04-01

190

Alabama Education News. Volume 29, Number 1. August-September 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

191

Alabama Education News. Volume 29, Number 3, November-December 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama," as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

192

Alabama Education News. Volume 32, Number 1, August-September 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama," as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2008-01-01

193

The Object-Oriented Trivia Show (TOOTS) University of Alabama  

E-print Network

The Object-Oriented Trivia Show (TOOTS) Jeff Gray University of Alabama Department of Computer, Languages. Keywords Objects, Game Show. 1. Overview of the OOPSLA Trivia Show OOPSLA (and now SPLASH) has

Gray, Jeffrey G.

194

75 FR 27846 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00029  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1908-DR), dated 05/03/ 2010. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/24/2010 through 04/25/2010. [[Page 27847

2010-05-18

195

76 FR 31388 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00037  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Assistance Only for the State of Alabama (FEMA--1971--DR), dated 04/28/2011 . Incident: Severe storms, tornadoes, straight-line winds, and flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date: 05/20/2011....

2011-05-31

196

76 FR 27741 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/ 2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date: /04/2011. Physical...

2011-05-12

197

78 FR 75306 - Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham, Alabama  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...13-261, RM-11707; DA 13-2129] Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham...rulemaking filed by Alabama Educational Television Commission (``AETC''), the licensee...filing of petitions for rulemaking by television stations seeking channel...

2013-12-11

198

76 FR 32982 - Alabama; Emergency and Related Determinations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency [Internal Agency Docket...Docket ID FEMA-2011-0001] Alabama; Emergency and Related Determinations AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION:...

2011-06-07

199

76 FR 27139 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/ 2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date:...

2011-05-10

200

75 FR 27844 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00031  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Public Assistance Only for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1908-DR), dated 05/03/2010. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/24/2010 through 04/25/2010. DATES: Effective...

2010-05-18

201

76 FR 30225 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00037  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Public Assistance Only for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 05/10/2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date:...

2011-05-24

202

76 FR 27740 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/ 2011. Incident: Severe storms, tornadoes, straight-line winds, and flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date:...

2011-05-12

203

Photocopy of a Photograph, Alabama Archives: circa 189798. VIEW LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Photocopy of a Photograph, Alabama Archives: circa 1897-98. VIEW LOOKING SOUTHEAST - Louisville & Nashville Railroad, Union Station Train Shed, Water Street, opposite Lee Street, Montgomery, Montgomery County, AL

204

Regional assessment of nonforestry related biomass resources: Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This document is a collection of spreadsheets detailing on a county by county basis the agricultural crop, agricultural wastes, municipal wastes and industrial wastes of Alabama that are potential biomass energy sources.

Not Available

1988-11-01

205

THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA DEPARTMENT OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS  

E-print Network

) in north Alabama and a growing aviation industrial sector (including Airbus aircraft manufacturing, educational, and athletic activities for a broad range of lifestyles. With technology-oriented government/industrial

Carver, Jeffrey C.

206

Investigation using data in Alabama from ERTS-A  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

There are no author-identified significant results in this report. Brief summaries are presented of accomplishments by the state of Alabama in the areas of: (1) investigation of environmental factors; (2) land use compilation; (3) data processing for land use compilation; (4) photo-reproduction and unsupervised land use classification from digital tape; (5) data collection buoys; and (6) activities of the Geological Survey of Alabama.

Henry, H. R. (principal investigator)

1972-01-01

207

Borrelia lonestari DNA in adult Amblyomma americanum ticks, Alabama.  

PubMed Central

Polymerase chain reaction analysis of 204 Amblyomma americanum and 28 A. maculatum ticks collected in August 1999 near the homes of patients with southern tick-associated rash illness and in control areas in Choctaw County, Alabama, showed Borrelia lonestari flagellin gene sequence from two adult A. americanum. The presence of B. lonestari in A. americanum ticks from Alabama suggests that this suspected pathogen may be widespread in the southeastern United States. PMID:11384533

Burkot, T. R.; Mullen, G. R.; Anderson, R.; Schneider, B. S.; Happ, C. M.; Zeidner, N. S.

2001-01-01

208

Topographic data of selected areas along the Alabama River near Montgomery, Alabama, collected using mobile terrestrial light detection and ranging (T-LiDAR) technology  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Topographic data at selected areas within the Alabama River flood plain near Montgomery, Alabama, were collected using a truck-mounted mobile terrestrial light detection and ranging system. These data were collected for inclusion in a flood inundation model developed by the National Weather Service in Birmingham, Alabama. Data are presented as ArcGIS point shapefiles with the extension .shp.

Kimbrow, D.R.

2014-01-01

209

A Summary of the Four-Year Research Program Conducted as a Project of the Huntsville-Madison County Education Improvement Program. Cumulative Research Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major purpose of this research project, conducted as a part of the Huntsville-Madison County Education Improvement Program, was to generate basic data in order to determine the effect of a preschool intervention program on a population of socioeconomically disadvantaged children. Specifically, cognitive, demographic, learning, material,…

Cecil, Carl E.

210

77 FR 38796 - Alabama Power Company; Holt Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Revised Restricted Service List for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2203-013--Alabama] Alabama Power Company; Holt Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Revised...new license for the Holt Hydroelectric Project No. 2203. The programmatic...service list for the Holt Hydroelectric Project. On June 21,...

2012-06-29

211

77 FR 6467 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee: Chattanooga...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Implementation Plans; Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee: Chattanooga; Particulate Matter 2002...Georgia on October 27, 2009, and Tennessee on October 15, 2009. The emissions...tri-state Chattanooga, Alabama-Georgia-Tennessee, (hereafter referred to as...

2012-02-08

212

33 CFR 165.836 - Security Zone; Escorted Vessels, Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. 165.836 Section 165.836...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. (a) Definitions . The...

2011-07-01

213

33 CFR 165.836 - Security Zone; Escorted Vessels, Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port.  

...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. 165.836 Section 165.836...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. (a) Definitions . The...

2014-07-01

214

33 CFR 165.836 - Security Zone; Escorted Vessels, Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. 165.836 Section 165.836...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. (a) Definitions . The...

2013-07-01

215

33 CFR 165.836 - Security Zone; Escorted Vessels, Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. 165.836 Section 165.836...HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) PORTS AND WATERWAYS SAFETY REGULATED NAVIGATION AREAS...Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port. (a) Definitions . The...

2012-07-01

216

University of Alabama 2 semesters college math 2 semesters college math  

E-print Network

Alabama University of Alabama 2 semesters college math 2 semesters college math Calculus is recommended Arkansas 2 semesters college math Calculus recommended Computer Science recommended California College math recommended Calculus recommended Computer Science recommended College math required

Hone, James

217

76 FR 48879 - Draft Environmental Impact Statement for Alabama Beach Mouse General Conservation Plan for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...facilitate review of future incidental take applications. The take would affect the federally endangered Alabama beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus ammobates) in Baldwin County, Alabama. The GCP analyzes the potential take incidental to construction,...

2011-08-09

218

Origin of Smackover Dolomites: Southwest Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Dolomite is a major component of the Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation in southwest Alabama Dolomite comprises most of the unit in updip areas and across paleohighs. The amount of dolomite decreases basinward where dolomite is restricted for the most part to the upper and lower parts of the Smackover. Paragenetic relationships indicate that the majority of the replacement dolomite formed early in the diagenetic history of the Smackover, prior to or contemporaneous with deposition of overlying Buckner evaporites. On the basis of isotopic composition, two major types of replacement dolomite can be identified. Type 1 dolomites are characterized by positive (0.0 to +3.1{per thousand} PDB) {delta}{sup 18}O values. They are restricted to the uppermost and lowermost parts of the Smackover in the depositional basins, but comprise virtually the entire Smackover section over paleohighs. Type 2 dolomites are characterized by negative ({minus}0.1 to {minus}5.9{per thousand}) {delta}{sup 18}O signatures and comprise most Smackover dolomite in downdip areas. {delta}{sup 13}C values for both types range from +6.4 to +2.6 and show a regular downward decrease within the Smackover. The distribution, timing of formation, and isotopic composition of the dolomites indicate two distinct mechanisms were responsible for dolomite formation. The isotopically heavy type 1 dolomites were brine derived and formed during refluxion of brines from Smackover and Buckner sabkhas or brine pools. The type 2 dolomites formed from mixed marine and meteoric waters. Dolomitization occurred in isolated mixing zones that developed around shoal complexes during short-term falls of eustatic sea level. The distribution of dolomite and specific dolomitization mechanisms in any area are a function of eustatic sea level fluctuations and paleotopography.

Benson, D.J. (Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (USA))

1990-05-01

219

Reporting on the Holocaust: the view from Jim Crow Alabama.  

PubMed

The press in Alabama covered major events taking place in Germany from the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in 1933 through the Nuremberg Trials in 1946. Journalists in the state provided extensive coverage, and editors did not hesitate to opine on the persecution of the Jews in Europe. Yet, Alabama’s white-run press failed in the end to explain the events as a singularly Jewish tragedy. The state’s black-run press, for its part, used the news of the mass killings of the Jews to warn against the dangers of conceptions of racial superiority—a primary concern for black southerners living in the Jim Crow South. PMID:22073444

Puckett, Dan J

2011-01-01

220

Magnitude and Frequency of Floods in Alabama, 2003  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Methods of estimating flood magnitudes for recurrence intervals of 1.5, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 200, and 500 years have been developed for rural streams in Alabama that are not affected by regulation or urbanization. Regression relations were developed using generalized least-squares regression techniques to estimate flood magnitude and frequency on ungaged streams as a function of the basin drainage area. These methods are based on flood-frequency characteristics for 169 gaging stations in Alabama and 47 gaging stations in adjacent states having 10 or more years of record through September 2003. Graphical relations of peak flows to drainage areas are presented for sites along the Alabama, Coosa, Tallapoosa, Tennessee, Tombigbee, and Black Warrior Rivers. Equations that account for drainage area and percentage of impervious cover as independent variables also are provided for estimating flood magnitudes on ungaged urban streams (taken from a previous report).

Hedgecock, T.S.; Feaster, Toby D.

2007-01-01

221

Geomorphology of coastal sand dunes, Baldwin County, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Alabama's coastal eolian deposits are primarily vegetated dunes that are exemplified by sand ridges with flat to undulating upper surfaces and continuous irregular crests. Dune fields occur along Morgan peninsula between the foredune line and Little Lagoon and the Mobile Bay area. These dune fields consist primarily of one or more continuous ridges that parallel the coast and are generally vegetaed to grassy. Washover of the beach and backshore during Hurricane Frederic (1979) and subsequent smaller scale storms resulted in significant erosion of many of Alabama's dune fields. The primary dunes or foredunes are beginning to recover from the effects of these storms; however, numerous breaks in the primary dune line are present. Sand dunes in coastal Alabama provide protection against storm-generated waves and washover. The foredunes are protected by adherence to a Coastal Construction Control Line (CCCL) or construction setback line identified by markers along coastal Baldwin County.

Bearden, Bennett L.; Hummell, Richard L.; Mink, Robert M.

1989-01-01

222

Doppler radar observations of the evolution of a small convective storm during Cohmex. [Cooperative Huntsville Meteorological Experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Doppler radar observations of a deep convection that developed along the Alabama-Tennesse border on July 14, 1986 are analyzed. The evolution and structure of the convective storm are examined. Two convective cores are observed and both having a radius of about 1 km and maximum reflectivities of about 5 dBz; a third cell is also detected later in the region between the northern and southern cells. It is noted that the northern cell is the most dominant possessing an updraft through the region of maximum reflectivity. Diagrams of the vertical structure of the cells are provided.

Moore, Patrick D.; Ray, Peter S.

1989-01-01

223

Annales Geophysicae (2004) 22: 497510 European Geosciences Union 2004 Geophysicae  

E-print Network

higher in the L = 2 - 4 range of the inner magnetosphere, even for a similar total cross-tail po- tentialNational Space Science and Technology Center, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama 35899Laboratory for Extraterrestrial Physics, Code 692, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

Boyer, Edmond

224

Today's Students, Tomorrow's Citizens: Pathways for Learning, Science. Alabama High School Graduation Exam.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document introduces the Alabama Graduation Examination Program (AGEP) which provides learning opportunities for high school students to meet the minimum competency requirements to earn a high school diploma in the state of Alabama. The Alabama High School Graduation Examination (AHSGE) content includes the subject areas of reading…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Div. of Instructional Services.

225

77 FR 44238 - Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of Alabama  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9705-1] Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of Alabama...revising its approved Public Water System Supervision Program. Alabama has adopted the following...State of Alabama's Public Water System Supervision Program. DATES: Any interested...

2012-07-27

226

77 FR 36274 - Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of Alabama  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FRL-9688-2] Public Water System Supervision Program Revision for the State of Alabama...revising its approved Public Water System Supervision Program. Alabama has adopted the following...State of Alabama's Public Water System Supervision Program. DATES: Any interested...

2012-06-18

227

The Alabama Constitution of 1901 Unit. Using Primary Sources in the Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching unit, "The Alabama Constitution of 1901 Unit," is the sixth in a series of 10 units about Alabama state history, part of a project designed to help teachers integrate the use of primary source materials into their classrooms. Although the units are designed to augment the study of Alabama, they are useful in the study of U.S.…

Alabama Dept. of Archives and History, Montgomery.

228

Evaluation of Alabama Public School Wellness Policies and State School Mandate Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This study evaluated wellness policies created by Alabama public school districts and progress made in the implementation of Alabama State Department of Education (ALSDE) school food and nutrition mandates. Methods: Wellness policies from Alabama public school districts were compared to minimum requirements under the Child Nutrition…

Gaines, Alisha B.; Lonis-Shumate, Steven R.; Gropper, Sareen S.

2011-01-01

229

Blacks in Alabama; A Study of Selected Characteristics: Population, Place of Residence, Sex, Age.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using 1970 Federal Census data, this paper analyzes selected characteristics of the black population in Alabama, focusing on the following categories: (1) blacks in Alabama counties; (2) urban and rural blacks; and (3) blacks in Alabama by sex and age. Special emphasis is placed on producing and interpreting data by which postsecondary education…

Jones, Alice; Diener, Thomas

230

40 CFR 81.266 - Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

...false Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control...266 Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control... The Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1857h(f))...

2014-07-01

231

40 CFR 81.266 - Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control...266 Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control... The Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1857h(f))...

2011-07-01

232

40 CFR 81.266 - Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control...266 Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control... The Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1857h(f))...

2013-07-01

233

40 CFR 81.266 - Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control...266 Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control... The Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1857h(f))...

2012-07-01

234

40 CFR 81.266 - Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control...266 Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control... The Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1857h(f))...

2010-07-01

235

Integrated Distribution Management System for Alabama Principal Investigator  

SciTech Connect

Southern Company Services, under contract with the Department of Energy, along with Alabama Power, Alstom Grid (formerly AREVA T&D) and others moved the work product developed in the first phase of the Integrated Distribution Management System (IDMS) from “Proof of Concept” to true deployment through the activity described in this Final Report. This Project – Integrated Distribution Management Systems in Alabama – advanced earlier developed proof of concept activities into actual implementation and furthermore completed additional requirements to fully realize the benefits of an IDMS. These tasks include development and implementation of a Distribution System based Model that enables data access and enterprise application integration.

Schatz, Joe

2013-03-31

236

The Anthropology of Science Education Reform: An Alabama Model for Building an Integrated Stakeholder Systems Approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Anthropologists are concerned with every aspect of the culture they are investigating. One of the five main branches of anthropology, socio-cultural anthropology, concerns itself with studying the relationship between behavior and culture. This paper explores the concept that changing the behavior of our culture - its beliefs and values - towards science is at the heart of science education reform. There are five institutions that socio-cultural anthropologists use to study the social organization of cultures: the educational system is only one of them. Its function - across all cultures - is to serve as a mechanism for implementing change in cultural beliefs and values. As leaders of science education reform, the Alabama model contends that we must stop the struggle with our purpose and get on with the business of leading culture change through an integrated stakeholder systems approach. This model stresses the need for the interaction of agencies other than education - including government, industry, the media and our health communities to operate in an integrated and systemic fashion to address the issues of living among a technically literate society. Twenty-five years of science education reform needs being voiced and programs being developed has not produced the desired results from within the educational system. This is too limited a focus to affect any real cultural change. It is when we acknowledge that students spend only an average of 12 percent of their life time in schools, that we can begin to ask ourselves what are our students learning the other 88 percent of their time - from their peers, their parents and the media - and what should we be doing to address this cultural crisis in these other arenas in addition to the educational system? The Alabama Math, Science and Technology Education Coalition (AMSTEC) is a non-profit 501c(3) organization operating in the state of Alabama to provide leadership in improving mathematics, science, and technology education through facilitating communication among education, business, and public policy organizations. Through the AMSTEC approach to systemic Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) education reform, business and other aspects of our culture play a vital role as stakeholders in the development of the integrated stakeholder model. Using the STEMnet model developed by National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC), each of the stakeholders has been working in support of the Alabama Department of Education's Math Science and Technology K-12 research-based Initiative (AMSTI) . In this respect, Alabama has the education aspects of science education reform underway. AMSTI continues to grow and strengthen its program now using an integrated stakeholder model. The integrated stakeholder approach enhances and strengthens Alabama's STEM educational activities in support of systemic K-12 education reform called for in our nation to meet the needs of the 21st century workforce. In addition, aspects of culture including the media, the health community, and local business and industry will also align messages and programs to work in support of systemic K-20 education reform. It truly "takes a village" of good communicating stakeholders who have created a shared vision and common language for discussing and aligning resources and strategies for changing the perceptions, feelings and teaching and learning of science in our society http://www.amstec.org, http://www.nsstc.org

Denson, R. L.; Cox, G. N.

2004-12-01

237

Mountain Brook High School Fine Arts Center: Moisture Control Case Study  

E-print Network

Upon returning to school in the fall, significant problems became evident in the Fine Arts Center of Mountain Brook High School, located near Birmingham, Alabama. In the band department, black mold was found on ceiling tiles, marching band uniforms...

Nunnelly, R. M.

2002-01-01

238

The University of Alabama 1 Department of Computer Science  

E-print Network

The University of Alabama 1 Department of Computer Science Computer science is a multifaceted discipline that encompasses a broad range of topics. At one end of the spectrum, computer science focuses. At the other applications-oriented end of the spectrum, computer science deals with techniques for the design

Carver, Jeffrey C.

239

The OOPSLA Trivia Show (TOOTS) University of Alabama at Birmingham  

E-print Network

The OOPSLA Trivia Show (TOOTS) Jeff Gray University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Computer participation. 1. Overview of the OOPSLA Trivia Show OOPSLA has one of the most diverse collections of attendees on topics related to OOPSLA. 2. The OOPSLA Trivia Show Rules The panel will follow the general rules

Gray, Jeffrey G.

240

Alabama Public Library Service: Library Directory and 1998 Statistical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides a directory of Alabama Public Library Service libraries, single-county public library systems, multi-county public library systems, and multi-type library systems, and presents a 1998 statistical report. Individual library statistics are tabulated for public library systems on: service outlets, staff, and hours; print and…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

241

Alabama Public Library Service: Library Directory and 1997 Statistical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides a directory of Alabama Public Library Service public libraries, single-county public library systems, multi-county public library systems, and multi-type library systems, and presents a 1997 statistical report. Individual library statistics are tabulated for public library systems on: service outlets, staff, and hours;…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

242

Alabama Public Library Service Library Directory and 1996 Statistical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication presents library contact information and statistics for Alabama public libraries for fiscal year 1996 (October 1, 1995-September 30, 1996). The library directory is arranged by type of library: public libraries, single-county public library systems, multi-county public library systems, and multitype library systems. Entries…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

243

Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Shannon Golden, Alabama DOT  

E-print Network

Portland Cement Concrete Pavement Shannon Golden, Alabama DOT PORTLAND CEMENT CONCRETE PAVEMENT may be substituted for part of the required Portland cement. Substitution of mineral admixtures shall Cement shall not exceed the percentages shown in the following table: MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE SUBSTITUTION

244

77 FR 8942 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00040  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-4052-DR), dated 02/01/2012. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-Line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 01/22/2012 through 01/23/2012. Effective Date: 02/07/2012....

2012-02-15

245

Cardboard Houses with Wings: The Architecture of Alabama's Rural Studio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rural Studio, an outreach program of Auburn University, designs innovative houses for poor people living in Alabama's Hale County by using "junk" such as car windshields, carpet tiles, baled cardboard, and old license plates. The article theorizes this particular architecture in terms of Critical Regionalism, developed by Tzonis/Lefaivre and…

Botz-Bornstein, Thorsten

2010-01-01

246

Accelerating the College and Career Readiness of Alabama's Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alabama is in the process of transitioning to new English language arts and mathematics standards that will better prepare students to be successful in college and their careers. Time, effort, and resources must be dedicated to effective implementation in order to realize the promise of these new common core state standards. This paper captures…

Alliance for Excellent Education, 2011

2011-01-01

247

Survey of Sampled Higher Education Institutions in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey examined the extent of implementation of technology standards into Alabama preservice teacher education programs Researchers identified five graduate and five undergraduate education programs with the highest enrollments at the 15 higher education institutions affiliated with the ALAPT3 project. Contacts at 10 of the schools of…

Nix, Thomas; Snyder, Scott; Fritschi, Jennifer

248

Deepwater Horizon oil spill impacts on Alabama beaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

From mid June 2010 to early August 2010, the white sandy beaches along Alabama's Gulf coast were inundated with crude oil discharged from the Deepwater Horizon well. The long-term consequences of this environmental catastrophe are still unfolding. Although BP has attempted to clean up some of these beaches, there still exist many unanswered questions regarding the physical, chemical, and ecological

J. S. Hayworth; T. P. Clement; J. F. Valentine

2011-01-01

249

Alabama Commission on Higher Education. Annual Report, 1993-94.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual report of the Alabama Commission on Higher Education describes new academic programs approved, allied health programs, off-campus instruction, computer-based articulation, rising junior exam, the Academic Common Market, educational technologies, Governor's Conference on Higher Education, Eminent Scholars Program, Meharry Medical…

Alabama State Commission on Higher Education, Montgomery.

250

Alabama Commission on Higher Education. Annual Report 1987-88.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Activities of the Alabama State Commission on Higher Education are described. Three sections discuss the following: (1) planning and coordination activities (unified budget recommendation, statewide planning process, research and service program inventory, new program approval, off-campus instruction, non-resident institutional review, conference…

Alabama State Commission on Higher Education, Montgomery.

251

The University of Alabama: A Study in Bureaucracy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some of the bureaucratic forces that affect the University of Alabama are discussed. External forces include the federal and state governments, the statewide coordinating body for higher education, accrediting agencies, and the university system under which the institution operates. Other forces are at work internally that compound the…

Alabama State Univ. System, Montgomery.

252

76 FR 39149 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/ 2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 through 05/31/2011. Effective Date:...

2011-07-05

253

Psychometric Properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision (APQ-PR) were explored in a sample of hyperactive-inattentive preschool children (N = 47) and nonimpaired controls (N = 113). A subset of parents completed the questionnaire on 2 occasions, approximately 1 year apart. Factor analysis revealed a 3-factor solution,…

Clerkin, Suzanne M.; Marks, David J.; Policaro, Katia L.; Halperin, Jeffrey M.

2007-01-01

254

Four new species of Gyrodactylus from fishes of Alabama.  

PubMed

Four new species of Gyrodactylus are described from fishes of Alabama. Gyrodactylus dorosomae was collected from Dorosoma cepedianum (Le Sueur) and D. petenense (Gunther); G. parvicirrus from Notropis atherinoides Raf; G. lythruri from Notropis b. bellus Hay and N. atrapiculus Snelson; and G. nigrum from Etheostoma nigrum Raf. PMID:1117368

Rogers, W A

1975-02-01

255

Estimating flood hydrographs and volumes for Alabama streams  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The hydraulic design of highway drainage structures involves an evaluation of the effect of the proposed highway structures on lives, property, and stream stability. Flood hydrographs and associated flood volumes are useful tools in evaluating these effects. For design purposes, the Alabama Highway Department needs information on flood hydrographs and volumes associated with flood peaks of specific recurrence intervals (design floods) at proposed or existing bridge crossings. This report will provide the engineer with a method to estimate flood hydrographs, volumes, and lagtimes for rural and urban streams in Alabama with drainage areas less than 500 sq mi. Existing computer programs and methods to estimate flood hydrographs and volumes for ungaged streams have been developed in Georgia. These computer programs and methods were applied to streams in Alabama. The report gives detailed instructions on how to estimate flood hydrographs for ungaged rural or urban streams in Alabama with drainage areas less than 500 sq mi, without significant in-channel storage or regulations. (USGS)

Olin, D.A.; Atkins, J.B.

1988-01-01

256

Laboratory Safety Manual for Alabama Schools. Bulletin 1975. No. 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the Alabama State Department of Education guidelines for science laboratory safety, equipment, storage, chemical safety, rocket safety, electrical safety, safety with radioisotopes, and safety with biologicals. Also included is a brief bibliography, a teacher's checklist, a listing of laser facts and regulations, and a…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

257

Back to the Basics: Birmingham, Alabama, Measurement and Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Back to the Basics: Birmingham, Alabama" is the fourth in a series of workshops that focus on teaching foundational map reading and spatial differentiation skills. It is the second published exercise from the Back to the Basics series developed by the Wetland Education through Maps and Aerial Photography (WETMAAP) Program (see "Journal of…

Handley, Lawrence R.; Lockwood, Catherine M.; Handley, Nathan

2005-01-01

258

Ground-water resources of the Alabama River Basin in Alabama; Subarea 8 of the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint and Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basins  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Drought conditions in the 1980's focused attention on the multiple uses of the surface- and ground-water resources in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) and Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa (ACT) River basins in Georgia, Alabama, and Florida. State and Federal agencies also have proposed projects that would require additional water resources and revise operating practices within the river basins. The existing and proposed water projects create conflicting demands for water by the States and emphasize the problem of water-resource allocation. This study was initiated to describe ground-water availability in the Alabama River basin of Alabama, Subarea 8 of the ACF and ACT River basins, and to estimate the possible effects of increased ground-water use within the basin. Subarea 8 encompasses about 6,750 square miles in the Coastal Plain physiographic province in central and southwestern Alabama. The Alabama River extends from the juncture of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers near the city of Montgomery, to its juncture with the Tombigbee River, near the town of Calvert in Washington County. Subarea 8 includes the Cahaba River basin from the physiographic 'Fall Line' at the city of Centreville in Bibb County, to its mouth in Dallas County; and the Alabama River basin from near Montgomery to the Alabama River cutoff, about 6 miles northeast of its juncture with the Tombigbee River. The study area is underlain by sedimentary deposits of Cretaceous, Tertiary, and Quaternary ages. Major aquifers underlying Subarea 8 are, from shallowest to deepest, the Coastal lowlands aquifer system, the Floridan aquifer system, the Lisbon aquifer, The Nanafalia-Clayton aquifer, the Ripley aquifer, the Eutaw aquifer, and the Tuscaloosa aquifer. The conceptual model described for this study qualitatively subdivides the ground-water flow system into local (shallow), intermediate, and regional (deep) flow regimes. Ground-water discharge to tributaries mainly is from local and intermediate flow regimes and varies seasonally. The regional flow regime probably approximates steady- state conditions and discharges chiefly to major drains such as the Alabama River, and in upstream areas, to the Cahaba River. Ground-water discharge to major drains originates from all flow regimes. Mean-annual ground-water discharge to streams (baseflow) is considered to approximate the long-term, average recharge to ground water. The mean-annual baseflow was estimated using an automated hydrograph- separation method, and represents discharge from the local, intermediate, and regional flow regimes of the ground-water flow system. Mean-annual baseflow discharging from Subarea 8 was estimated to be 20,300 cubic feet per second. Mean-annual baseflow represented about 61 percent of total mean-annual stream discharge for the period of record. Estimated and measured stream discharge for selected sites on the Alabama River and its tributaries were compiled for the years 1941, 1954, and 1986, during which sustained droughts occurred throughout most of the ACF-ACT area. Stream discharges were assumed to be sustained entirely by baseflow during the latter periods of these droughts. Estimated baseflow near the end of the individual drought years was about 17 percent of the estimated mean-annual baseflow at the Alabama River cutoff, the most downstream point of Subarea 8. The potential exists for the development of ground-water resources on a regional scale throughout Subarea 8. Estimated ground-water use in 1990 was less than 1 percent of the estimated mean-annual baseflow, and about 2.4 percent of baseflow during the droughts of 1941, 1954, and 1986. Because ground-water use in Subareas 5 and 6 represents a relatively minor percentage of ground-water recharge, even a large increase in ground-water use in Subareas 5 and 6 in Georgia probably would have little effect on the quantity of ground water and surface water in Alabama. In addition, ground-water use in Subarea 3 in Georgia probably h

Kidd, Robert E.; Atkins, J. Brian; Scott, John C.

1997-01-01

259

General George C. Marshall  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Marshall Space Flight Center, a NASA field installation, was established at Huntsville, Alabama, in 1960. The Center was named in honor of General George C. Marshall, the Army Chief of Staff during World War II, Secretary of State, and Nobel Prize Wirner for his world-renowned Marshall Plan.

2004-01-01

260

General George C. Marshall  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is a portrait of General George C. Marshall in Army uniform. The Marshall Space Flight Center, a NASA field installation, was established in Huntsville, Alabama, in 1960. The Center was named in honor of General George C. Marshall, the Army Chief of Staff during World War II, Secretary of State, and Nobel Prize Wirner for his world-renowned Marshall Plan.

2004-01-01

261

Frisco City sand: New Jurassic reservoir in southwest Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first commercial production of hydrocarbons from the Jurassic Haynesville Formation in southwestern Alabama was from the Frisco City field. The field currently produces 57.8° API gravity oil on 160-ac well spacing from a depth of approximately 12,000 ft. Perforations are in the Frisco City sand interval, in the lower part of the Haynesville Formation. Average porosity is 15% and

S. D. Mann; R. M. Mink; B. L. Bearden; R. D. Jr. Schneeflock

1989-01-01

262

TRANSMISSION OF EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS IN CENTRAL ALABAMA  

Microsoft Academic Search

A site nearTuskegee, Alabama was examined forvectoractivity of easter n e quine encephalomyelitis (EEE) virus in 2001. More than 23,000 mosquitoes representing 8 genera and 34 species were collected during a 21-week period, and five species, Culiseta melanura, Aedes vexans, Coquillettidia perturbans, Culex erraticus, and Uranotaenia sapphirina, were examined for the presence of virus using a nested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain

EDDIE W. CUPP; KIMBERLY KLINGLER; HASSAN K. HASSAN; LESLIE M. VIGUERS; THOMAS R. UNNASCH

263

Mississippi/Alabama Pinnacle Trend Ecosystem Monitoring Final Synthesis Report  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This Final Synthesis Report summarizes a four-year program to characterize and monitor carbonate mounds on the Mississippi/Alabama outer continental shelf (OCS). The study area is shown in Fig.ES.1. The study was conducted by Continental Shelf Associates, Inc. and the Geochemical and Environmental Research Group (GERG) of Texas A&M University (TAMU), for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Biological Resources Division.

Continental Shelf Associates Inc.; Texas A&M University, Geochemical and Environmental Research Group

2001-01-01

264

1. AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING WEST OF 'THE BIRMINGHAM MEDICAL CENTER,' ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. AERIAL VIEW, LOOKING WEST OF 'THE BIRMINGHAM MEDICAL CENTER,' WITH HILLMAN HOSPITAL, THE FIVE-STORY BUILDING (CENTER RIGHT AT 20TH STREET AND SIXTH AVENUE SOUTH), JEFFERSON TOWER (CENTER LEFT AT 20TH STREET AND SEVENTH AVENUE SOUTH, AND THE MANY HOSPITALS AND TEACHING FACILITIES OF THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA AT BIRMINGHAM MEDICAL CENTER. - Hillman Hospital, 600 Block Westside Twentieth Street South, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL

265

32. PORT PROFILE OF THE ALABAMA. Uncopyrighted 31/4'x5'photograph taken by ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

32. PORT PROFILE OF THE ALABAMA. Uncopyrighted 3-1/4'x5'photograph taken by Thigpen Photography, c. 1965. Written on back of photo: 'This is what the vessel looked like when I bought her in 1966 R.S. Douglas.' Also, stamped on back is: Thigpen Photography 1442 So. Beltline Highway Mobile, Alabama 46609 to reorder specify no. M7062-1 - Pilot Schooner "Alabama", Moored in harbor at Vineyard Haven, Vineyard Haven, Dukes County, MA

266

33 CFR 334.783 - Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area. 334.783...783 Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area....

2012-07-01

267

33 CFR 334.783 - Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area. 334.783...783 Arlington Channel, U.S. Coast Guard Base Mobile, Mobile, Alabama, Coast Guard restricted area....

2013-07-01

268

76 FR 9320 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Alabama Shad as...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Alabama Shad...Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of 90-day petition finding...SUMMARY: We (NMFS) announce a 90-day finding on a petition to list Alabama...

2011-02-17

269

33 CFR 334.782 - SUPSHIP Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi, Detachment Mobile, Alabama at AUSTAL, USA, Mobile...  

... SUPSHIP Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi, Detachment Mobile, Alabama at AUSTAL... SUPSHIP Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi, Detachment Mobile, Alabama at AUSTAL...Repair, USN, Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi or his/her authorized...

2014-07-01

270

33 CFR 334.782 - SUPSHIP Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi, Detachment Mobile, Alabama at AUSTAL, USA, Mobile...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... SUPSHIP Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi, Detachment Mobile, Alabama at AUSTAL... SUPSHIP Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi, Detachment Mobile, Alabama at AUSTAL...Repair, USN, Gulf Coast, Pascagoula, Mississippi or his/her authorized...

2013-07-01

271

78 FR 14414 - The Alabama Great Southern Railroad Company-Abandonment Exemption-in Gadsden, Etowah County, Ala...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Alabama Great Southern Railroad Company (AGS) and Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia...1152 subpart F--Exempt Abandonments for AGS and TAG to abandon service over approximately...Gadsden, Etowah County, Ala. Specifically, AGS proposes to: (1) Abandon 3.10...

2013-03-05

272

Transition V & VI in Alabama: A Profile of Commitment. State Conference Proceedings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides information on the Alabama Transition Initiative for students with disabilities, including papers presented at two statewide transition conferences. Conference papers include: (1) "Pell City School System's Community Transition Team Model" (Deloris Frasier); (2) "Alabama's MH/MR Service Coordinators in Transition" (Billy…

Browning, Philip; Rabren, Karen

273

IMPACT OF WINTER POULTRY LITTER MANURE APPLICATION BAN ON REDUCING NUTRIENT LOSSES IN ALABAMA  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

To address the potential of non-point nutrient enrichment of surface waters from land application of manure, the Alabama Natural Soil Conservation Service (NRCS) has adopted new nutrient management standards (NRCS Code 590) which effectively bans the application of animal manures in North Alabama du...

274

78 FR 14403 - Alabama Metal Coil Securement Act; Petition for Determination of Preemption  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...No. FMCSA-2011-0318] Alabama Metal Coil Securement Act; Petition for Determination...determination that the State of Alabama's Metal Coil Securement Act (the Act) is preempted...75 FR 82132). Background The Metal Coil Securement Act The Act, adopted in...

2013-03-05

275

PLATO Use for Graduation Test Preparation, Piedmont High School, Piedmont, Alabama. PLATO Evaluation Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Piedmont High School is a small high school in rural Alabama, which serves a primarily white population and has a high dropout rate. PLATO computerized instruction has been used by almost 200 skill-deficient students, and 4 teachers have used it. After using PLATO, Piedmonts struggling students are much more likely to pass the Alabama High School…

Quinn, David W.; Quinn, Nancy W.

276

Illicit Drug Use and the Social Context of HIV/AIDS in Alabama's Black Belt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The rural Black Belt of Alabama is among the poorest areas of the nation. Poverty, lack of health infrastructure, and health disparities involving HIV/AIDS and other diseases reflect the lower life expectancy of people in the region. The Black Belt region has the highest HIV rates in rural America. Purpose: Using Alabama as a case…

Lichtenstein, Bronwen

2007-01-01

277

Resource Sharing and Coordinated Collection Development in the Network of Alabama Academic Libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1982 the Council of Librarians of the Alabama Commission on Higher Education (ACHE) recommended the establishment of a cooperative network of the state's academic libraries. The creation of the Network of Alabama Academic Libraries (NAAL) arose out of the need to correct historical deficiencies in the library collections supporting graduate education as well as to establish a mechanism for

Linda McNair Cohen

1988-01-01

278

Servant Leadership in Alabama's Regional Public Universities: The President's Role in Fostering Job Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to explore the relationship between two variables, "servant leadership" and "job satisfaction," among management, executive staff, and faculty at Alabama's five regional universities: Jacksonville State University, Troy University, the University of Montevallo, the University of North Alabama, and the University of…

Farris, Jimmy D.

2011-01-01

279

Project ROSE (recycled oil saves energy): Alabama's used oil recycling program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Project ROSE is a non-profit energy conservation program funded by the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs, Science, Technology and Energy Division and sponsored by the University of Alabama. Project ROSE's goal is conserving energy, preserving a valuable natural resource and protecting the environment. To accomplish its purpose, Project ROSE educates the public about recycling used oil, helps establish

G. C. April; S. D. Powell

1994-01-01

280

The Schoolhouse Door: Segregation's Last Stand at the University of Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores George Wallace's June, 1963 defiance of desegregation at the University of Alabama campus. After a tense confrontation, President Kennedy federalized the Alabama National Guard and Wallace backed down, allowing Vivian Malone and James Hood to become the first African Americans to enroll successfully at their state's flagship…

Clark, E. Culpepper

281

SAFETY ANALYSIS ON RAIL HIGHWAY AT-GRADE CROSSING IN ALABAMA  

E-print Network

SAFETY ANALYSIS ON RAIL HIGHWAY AT-GRADE CROSSING IN ALABAMA Jing Li, Post-doc Researcher Gaurav-lane divided highways, urban/suburban arterials, highway bridges, and rail highway at-grade crossings, based Alabama Total Highway-Rail Incidents 1980 2012 82% reduction 70% reduction What can make RHGCs safer

Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University of

282

UW Law School: Academic Enhancement Program (AEP) Source: www.barbri.com Alabama Bar Exam Information  

E-print Network

UW Law School: Academic Enhancement Program (AEP) Source: www.barbri.com Alabama Bar Exam Information Alabama Board of Law Examiners State Bar Admissions Office P.O. Box 671 Montgomery, AL 36101-question multiple-choice exam Subjects Tested MBE Subjects: Constitutional Law, Contracts/Sales, Criminal

Sheridan, Jennifer

283

Teacher Burnout/Stress Management: An Exploratory Look in an Urban School System in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have indicated that teacher stress is a major occupational hazard of teaching. Little system research attention, however, has been focused upon concern to this point in Alabama. Through use of questionnaires, an effort was made to document the current status of the teacher stress/burnout phenomena in an Alabama setting and explore the…

Saunders, Robert Ronald; Watkins, J. Foster

284

Today's Students, Tomorrow's Citizens: Pathways for Learning, Mathematics. Alabama High School Graduation Exam.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is designed to assist classroom teachers in preparing students to successfully complete the Alabama High School Graduation Exam (AHSGE). It consists of activities that are correlated with the Alabama Course of Study: Mathematics, Bulletin 1997, No. 4, and Standards and Objectives (Reading Comprehension, Language, Mathematics, and…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Div. of Instructional Services.

285

Experiencing Educational Leadership Preparation Program Redesign in Alabama: One University's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls for changing educational leadership preparation have led many state policy makers to initiate program redesign efforts; the governor of Alabama constituted a working group to examine the situation and develop recommendations. This article details the school leadership preparation program redesign process in Alabama from the perspective of…

Kochan, Frances; Reames, Ellen H.

2013-01-01

286

Processor Units Reduce Satellite Construction Costs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of the effort to build the Fast Affordable Science and Technology Satellite (FASTSAT), Marshall Space Flight Center developed a low-cost telemetry unit which is used to facilitate communication between a satellite and its receiving station. Huntsville, Alabama-based Orbital Telemetry Inc. has licensed the NASA technology and is offering to install the cost-cutting units on commercial satellites.

2014-01-01

287

Michoud Assembly Facility (MAF) Agency Introduction: The FY 2012 budget request for NASA is $18.7 billion, the FY 2010 enacted  

E-print Network

) for the promotion of higher education and technology development in the fields of composite and metal manufacturing facility of the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. Michoud provides manufacturing in direct support of the manufacturing process. Additionally, the facility houses the USDA National Finance

288

"Ground Control to Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students...": Space Camp Provides Lessons in Science, Math, Teamwork, and Fun  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes the Space Camp at the U.S. Space & Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama, where deaf and hard of hearing students can pilot spaceships, conduct experiments, and dodge meteorites. Each year in the spring, students from schools all over the United States attend a one-week, hands-on learning experience in math,…

Perkins, Becky

2007-01-01

289

The 1982 NASA/ASEE summer faculty fellowship research program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Aht NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship Research Program conducted at the Marshall Space Flight Center by the University of Alabama at Huntsville, Ala. during the summer of 1982 is described. Abstracts of the Final Reports submitted by the Fellows detailing the results of their research are also presented.

1982-01-01

290

Second Workshop on Spacecraft Glow  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various aspects of space glow were considered. Results of a workshop held on May 6 to 7, 1985, at the Space Science Laboratory of NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama are presented. The topics of discussion are divided as follows: (1) in situ observations; (2) theoretical calculations; (3) laboratory measurements; and (4) future experiments.

Waite, J. H., Jr. (editor); Moorehead, T. W. (editor)

1985-01-01

291

Space Shuttle main engine OPAD: The search for a hardware enhanced plume  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of applying spectroscopy to the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) for plume diagnostics, as it exists today, originated at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, and its implementation was assured largely through the efforts of Sverdrup AEDC, in Tullahoma, Tennessee. This team continues to lead and guide efforts in the plume diagnostics arena. The process, Optical Plume

W. T. Powers; A. E. Cooper; Tim L. Wallace; W. L. Buntine; K. W. Whitaker

1993-01-01

292

Wall Pressure Unsteadiness and Side Loads in Overexpanded Rocket Nozzles  

E-print Network

surrounding the nozzle outer wall [1] have been identified on the space shuttle main engine (SSME) as a result,§ and David M. McDaniels¶ NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama 35812 DOI: 10.2514/1.J051075 used on liquid propellant fueled engines, off-axis forces are triggered by unsteady internal flow

Tinney, Charles E.

293

Space Shuttle Main Engine plume diagnostics: OPAD approach to vehicle health monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of applying spectroscopy to the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) for plume diagnostics, as it exists today, originated at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, and its implementation was assured largely through the efforts of Sverdrup, AEDC, in Tullahoma, Tennessee. This process, Optical Plume Anomaly Detection (OPAD), has formed the basis for various efforts in the development

W. T. Powers; A. E. Cooper; T. L. Wallace; W. L. Buntine; K. Whitaker

1993-01-01

294

Learned Helplessness: Shifts in Affect Following Uncontrollability and the Relationship to Attributional Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the reformulated theory of learned helplessness, centering around attributional style in the cause of cognitive and emotional deficits. Subjects (N=58) were undergraduate and graduate psychology students at the University of Alabama at Huntsville. Subjects were divided into an experimental group (N=30) who received…

Bauer, Allison

295

THE HURRICANE IMAGING RADIOMETER WIDE SWATH SIMULATION AND WIND SPEED RETRIEVALS  

E-print Network

THE HURRICANE IMAGING RADIOMETER WIDE SWATH SIMULATION AND WIND SPEED RETRIEVALS Ruba A. Amarin1 Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama 4 NOAA/AOML/Hurricane Research Division, Miami, Florida, USA ABSTRACT The knowledge of peak winds in hurricanes is critical to classification of hurricane intensity

Ruf, Christopher

296

Characterization of asphalt additive produced from hydroretorted Alabama shale  

SciTech Connect

Shale oil, produced from beneficiated Alabama shale by pressurized fluidized-bed hydroretorting, was fractionated to produce shale oil asphalt additives (SOA). Three shale oil fractions boiling above 305{degrees}C were added to standard AC-20 asphalt to improve pavement properties. The physical properties and aging characteristics of AC-20 asphalt binder (cement) containing SOA are similar to those of unmodified AC-20 asphalt binder. Asphalt pavement briquettes made with AC-20 asphalt binder containing 5 to 10 percent SOA have superior resistance to freeze-thaw cracking and a greater retention of tensile strength when wet compared to pavement briquettes containing AC-20 binder alone.

Rue, D.M.; Roberts, M.J.

1992-12-31

297

Back to the basics: Birmingham, Alabama, measurement and scale  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Back to the Basics: Birmingham, Alabama is the fourth in a series of workshops that focus on teaching foundational map reading and spatial differentiation skills. It is the second published exercise from the Back to the Basics series developed by the Wetland Education through Maps and Aerial Photography (WETMAAP) Program (see Journal of Geography 103, 5: 226-230). Like its predecessor, the current exercise is modified from the Birmingham Back to the Basics workshop offered during the annual National Council for Geographic Education meeting. The focus of this exercise is on scale and measurement, foundational skills for spatial thinking and analysis. ?? 2005 National Council for Geographic Education.

Handley, L.R.; Lockwood, C.M.; Handley, N.

2005-01-01

298

40 CFR 81.72 - Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland Mountains (Tennessee) Interstate Air Quality Control...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...Regions § 81.72 Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...has been renamed the Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1875h(f))...

2013-07-01

299

40 CFR 81.72 - Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland Mountains (Tennessee) Interstate Air Quality Control...  

...2014-07-01 false Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...Regions § 81.72 Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...has been renamed the Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1875h(f))...

2014-07-01

300

40 CFR 81.72 - Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland Mountains (Tennessee) Interstate Air Quality Control...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 false Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...Regions § 81.72 Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...has been renamed the Tennessee River Valley (Alabama)-Cumberland...of the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. 1875h(f))...

2012-07-01

301

Reservoir characterization of the Smackover Formation in southwest Alabama. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation is found in an arcuate belt in the subsurface from south Texas to panhandle Florida. The Smackover is the most prolific hydrocarbon-producing formation in Alabama and is an important hydrocarbon reservoir from Florida to Texas. In this report Smackover hydrocarbon reservoirs in southwest Alabama are described. Also, the nine enhanced- and improved-recovery projects that have been undertaken in the Smackover of Alabama are evaluated. The report concludes with recommendations about potential future enhanced- and improved-recovery projects in Smackover reservoirs in Alabama and an estimate of the potential volume of liquid hydrocarbons recoverable by enhanced- and improved-recovery methods from the Smackover of Alabama.

Kopaska-Merkel, D.C.; Hall, D.R.; Mann, S.D.; Tew, B.H.

1993-02-01

302

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 4): Perdido Groundwater Contamination Site, Perdido, Alabama (first remedial action) September 1988. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Perdido Groundwater Contamination site is located in the Town of Perdido, Baldwin County, Alabama. Site contamination occurred as a result of a 1965 train derailment on the Louisville and Nashville Railroad (now CSX Transportation, Inc.). Chemical (particularly benzene) from derailed tank cars spilled into drainage ditches, infiltrating the underlying aquifer. The area of ground water contamination covers approximately 15 acres and is centered downgradient about 300 yards from the derailment site. The Alabama Department of Public Health, Division of Public Water Supply (ADPWS) first documented reports of taste and odor problems in resident's water wells in 1981. Further studies showed benzene contamination in 6 of 27 wells, which led to supplying bottled water to 250 affected residents. The selected remedial action for this site includes: ground water pump and treatment using air stripping or activated carbon adsorption with the reinjection of treated water back into the aquifer, and air monitoring during operations; and ground water monitoring to measure success of the cleanup. The estimated capital cost for this remedial action is $169,000 with estimated annual O C cost of $103,000.

Not Available

1988-09-30

303

Observation of suspended sediments in Mobile Bay, Alabama from satellite  

USGS Publications Warehouse

As part of a comprehensive geologic study of coastal Alabama and Mississippi, the U.S. Geological Survey is investigating coastal sediment transport in Mobile Bay and the adjacent shelf. Satellite imagery from the NOAA AVHRR is being used to provide data on the variability of spatial patterns in the near-surface suspended sediment concentration. This imagery is processed using atmospheric corrections to remove haze and Rayleigh radiance in order to obtain water reflectances; the reflectances are than converted to approximate sediment concentrations using standard relationships between water reflectance and in situ sediment concentrations. A series of images from early 1990 shows rapid changes in sediment concentrations in response to high river flow of the Alabama-Tombigbee river system. During these times, suspended sediment tends to flow out Mobile Bay without mixing into the eastern lobe of the Bay (Bon Secour Bay). The sediment concentration field also appears to be disturbed by the main ship channel. The sediment plume extends more than 60 km offshore after the peak flow event. One wind event in December 1989 was identified as increasing sediment concentration in the Bay. It is not believed that such an event has been previously observed from satellite.

Stumpf, Richard P.

1991-01-01

304

Dupuytren’s Contracture in Alabama HFE Hemochromatosis Probands  

PubMed Central

Background Dupuytren’s contracture (DC) and HFE hemochromatosis occur in some of the same at-risk populations and present with similar comorbid conditions. Methods We estimated DC prevalence in two cohorts of white Alabama hemochromatosis probands (294 C282Y homozygotes, 67 C282Y/H63D compound heterozygotes) in a retrospective study. We performed logistic regressions on DC using the following independent variables: age, body mass index, heavy ethanol consumption, serum ferritin, elevated serum AST/ALT, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, viral hepatitis, cirrhosis, and diabetes. Results One man and two women with C282Y homozygosity had DC (prevalence 1.02%; 95% CI 0.35%–2.96%). A man with C282Y/H63D had DC (prevalence 1.49%; 95% CI 0.26%–7.98%). DC occurred as an autosomal dominant trait in his kinship. In regression analyses, no single variable predicted DC. We observed no new DC cases after the diagnosis of hemochromatosis (mean follow-up 12.9 ± 7.5 years (1 SD), and 9.0 ± 5.1 years, respectively). Conclusions Our prevalence estimates of DC in white Alabama hemochromatosis probands are similar to those found in the white US population cohorts. DC risk was unrelated to the variables we studied. PMID:22952417

Barton, James C.; Barton, J. Clayborn

2012-01-01

305

Local NASA Scientists Discover New Species of Organism in Mars-Like Environment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Microbiologist Dr. Elena V. Pikuta, and Astrobiologist Richard Hoover culture extremophiles, microorganisms that can live in extreme environments, in the astrobiology laboratory at the National Space Science and Technology Center (NSSTC) in Huntsville, Alabama. The scientists recently discovered a new species of extremophiles, Spirochaeta Americana. The species was found in Northern California's Mono Lake, an alkaline, briny oxygen-limited lake in a closed volcanic crater that Hoover believes may offer new clues to help identify sites to research for potential life on Mars. Hoover is an astrobiologist at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), and Pikuta is a microbiologist with the Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomy Research Laboratory at the University of Alabama in Huntsville. The NSSTC is a partnership with MSFC, Alabama universities, industry, research institutes, and federal agencies.

2003-01-01

306

Assessment of aquatic macroinvertebrate communities in the Autauga Creek watershed, Autauga County, Alabama, 2009  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Only four families within the Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera orders were found during a 1999 survey of aquatic macroinvertebrates in Autauga Creek, Autauga County, Alabama, by the Alabama Department of Environmental Management. The low number of taxa of Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera families indicated that the aquatic macroinvertebrate community was in poor condition, and the creek was placed on the Alabama Department of Environmental Management 303(d) list. The U.S. Geological Survey conducted a study in 2009 to provide data for the Alabama Department of Environmental Management and other water management agencies to re-evaluate aquatic macroinvertebrate communities in Autauga Creek to see if they meet Alabama Department of Environmental Management water-quality criteria. Aquatic macroinvertebrate communities were evaluated at three sites in the Autauga Creek watershed. Macroinvertebrates were sampled at two sites on Autauga Creek and one on Bridge Creek, the largest tributary to Autauga Creek. Water-quality field parameters were assessed at 11 sites. During the 2009 sampling, 12 families within the orders of Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, Trichoptera were found at the Alabama Department of Environmental Management's assessment site whereas only four were found in 1999. The upstream site on Autauga Creek had consistently higher numbers of taxa than the Bridge Creek site and the lower site on Autauga Creek which is the Alabama Department of Environmental Management's assessment site. Chironomid richness was noticeably higher on the two Autauga Creek sites than the Bridge Creek site.

Mooty, Will S.; Gill, Amy C.

2011-01-01

307

Project ROSE (recycled oil saves energy): Alabama's used oil recycling program  

SciTech Connect

Project ROSE is a non-profit energy conservation program funded by the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs, Science, Technology and Energy Division and sponsored by the University of Alabama. Project ROSE's goal is conserving energy, preserving a valuable natural resource and protecting the environment. To accomplish its purpose, Project ROSE educates the public about recycling used oil, helps establish used oil recycling programs, and offers used oil collection and recycling assistance. Project ROSE has served the people of Alabama and the nation since 1977.

April, G.C.; Powell, S.D. (Alabama Energy Extension Service, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States). Alabama Energy Div.)

1994-01-01

308

Estimates of the Lightning NOx Profile in the Vicinity of the North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Lightning Nitrogen Oxides Model (LNOM) is applied to August 2006 North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array (LMA) data to estimate the raw (i.e., unmixed and otherwise environmentally unmodified) vertical profile of lightning nitrogen oxides, NOx = NO + NO 2 . This is part of a larger effort aimed at building a more realistic lightning NOx emissions inventory for use by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) modeling system. Data from the National Lightning Detection Network TM (NLDN) is also employed. Overall, special attention is given to several important lightning variables including: the frequency and geographical distribution of lightning in the vicinity of the LMA network, lightning type (ground or cloud flash), lightning channel length, channel altitude, channel peak current, and the number of strokes per flash. Laboratory spark chamber results from the literature are used to convert 1-meter channel segments (that are located at a particular known altitude; i.e., air density) to NOx concentration. The resulting raw NOx profiles are discussed.

Koshak, William J.; Peterson, Harold

2010-01-01

309

Hydrogeologic investigation of the Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development Facility, Wilsonville, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the geology and hydrogeology at the former Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development (ACLR&D) facility in Wilsonville, Alabama. The work was conducted by personnel from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Grand Junction office (ORNL/GJ) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC). Characterization information was requested by PETC to provide baseline environmental information for use in evaluating needs and in subsequent decision-making for further actions associated with the closeout of facility operations. The hydrogeologic conceptual model presented in this report provides significant insight regarding the potential for contaminant migration from the ACLR&D facility and may be useful during other characterization work in the region. The ACLR&D facility is no longer operational and has been dismantled. The site was characterized in three phases: the first two phases were an environmental assessment study and a sod sampling study (APCO 1991) and the third phase the hydraulic assessment. Currently, a Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) remedial investigation (RI) to address the presence of contaminants on the site is underway and will be documented in an RI report. This technical memorandum addresses the hydrogeologic model only.

Gardner, F.G.; Kearl, P.M.; Mumby, M.E.; Rogers, S.

1996-09-01

310

Mineralogy and paragenesis of the McAllister Sn-Ta-bearing pegmatite, Coosa County, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The McAllister Sn-Ta deposit (Alabama) is localized in a complex pegmatite that contains large zones of mineralized late-stage replacement-type saccharoidal albite and nearly monomineralic muscovite 'greisen-like' pipes. The dyke is at least 450 m long and averages approximately 9 m in thickness. At least two 'greisen-like' pipes, as much as 7.6 m by 4.5 m in cross-section and extending at least 76 m down a steep easterly pitch, occur near the center of the dyke. The dyke is hosted by an approximately 300-Ma-old pluton of a group referred to as the Rockford Granite, a mesozonal to epizonal two-mica, peraluminous tin-bearing granite. The pluton is genetically affiliated with a well-defined sequence of simple to complex pegmatite dykes and quartz-casiterite veins that occur near its margin and within the immediately adjacent metasedimentary rocks of the Wedowee Group.

Foord, Eugene E.; Cook, Robert B.

1989-01-01

311

Lead and mercury levels in raccoons from Macon County, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Heavy metal contamination in the environment has become a major concern of the scientific community. The ubiquitous present of heavy metals such as lead, mercury, and cadmium in wildlife animals has been reported. Although the understanding of the full significance of these metals is incomplete, it is known that some species contain concentrations of metals proportional to the levels present in their environments. Thus, wild animals can be used as biological indicators of environmental concentrations of metals. The behavior, omnivorous feeding habits, and adaptability of raccoons (Procyon lotor) qualify this animal as a useful indicator of environmental pollution. The purpose of this paper was to report some preliminary observations on lead and mercury levels in raccoons from Macon County, Alabama, a potential indicator species for wildlife. 19 refs., 3 tabs.

Khan, A.T.; Thompson, S.J. [Tuskegee Univ., AL (United States); Mieike, H.W. [Xavier Univ. of Louisiana, New Orleans, LA (United States)

1995-06-01

312

Genetic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii in wildlife from Alabama, USA.  

PubMed

The genetic diversity of Toxoplasma gondii circulating in wildlife is of interest to understand the transmission of this parasite in the environment. In the present study, we genetically characterized five T. gondii isolates from different wild animals including two isolates from a bobcat (Lynx rufus), one from a red-shouldered hawk (Buteo lineatus), one from a white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), and one from a bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus). Genotyping of these samples using 11 PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism markers (SAG1, 5'- and 3'-SAG2, alt.SAG2, SAG3, BTUB, GRA6, c22-8, c29-2, L358, PK1, and Apico) revealed two types, including type I (ToxoDB#10) and type 12 (ToxoDB#5). This is the first report of genetic characterization of T. gondii strains in wildlife from Alabama and from a red-shouldered hawk. PMID:23160892

Yu, Li; Shen, Jilong; Su, Chunlei; Sundermann, Christine A

2013-03-01

313

Plant Uptake of Mercury from Contaminated Soil, Oxford, Alabama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mercury contamination in the Oxford, Alabama, area is well documented in soil tests in the Snow Creek watershed. In this investigation, mercury levels in soils as well as local plant species were examined. The objectives of the study were first determining the amount of mercury in the soil and then to determine to what degree this mercury is taken in by plant tissue from specimens at each survey site. Variation in accumulation within the individual plant species (leaves, stems) was also examined. Protocols developed for this study were used to achieve both objectives and also to ascertain if a particular plant species hyper accumulates this toxin at levels that would make it useful in bioremediation of mercury contamination in the area.

Steffy, D. A.; Nichols, A. C.

2005-12-01

314

Heavy metal levels in goats from Notasulga, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Goat meat farming is increasing in popularity in southeastern region of United States. In order to monitor environmental contamination of heavy metals in goat meat, samples of liver, kidney, and muscle were collected from 20 goats on a goat farm in Notasulga, Alabama. These samples were analyzed by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy. The copper concentration was significantly higher in livers than the concentration in kidneys and muscles. Lead, cadmium, and zinc levels did not show any significant differences between liver, kidney, and muscle samples. The concentrations of lead and copper in livers and cadmium in kidneys were significantly different in males when compared to females. However, in muscle, the concentrations of lead, cadmium, copper, and zinc showed no significant difference between male and female or between young and old goats. Further, the concentrations of lead in livers and cadmium in kidneys showed a significant difference between young and old goats.

Khan, A.T.; Diffay, B.C.; Forester, D.M.; Thompson, S.J. [Tuskegee Univ., AL (United States). School of Veterinary Medicine; Mielke, H.W. [Xavier Univ. of Louisiana, New Orleans, LA (United States)

1994-12-31

315

Sustainability analysis of groundwater resources in a coastal aquifer, Alabama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fort Morgan Peninsula is an attached portion of a dynamic barrier complex in the northern Gulf of Mexico and is a large tourist area that brings in a significant amount of revenue for Alabama. Many of the hotels and tourist attractions depend on the groundwater as their water supply. The over-withdrawal of groundwater and saltwater intrustion will have a negative impact on the ecology, tourism and economy if groundwater resources are not properly monitored and managed. In this study a calibrated groundwater flow model was used to analyze the sustainability of groundwater resources at Fort Morgan Peninsula. Detailed flow budgets were prepared to check the various components of inflow and outflow under different water use and climatic conditions. The results indicated the locations where groundwater was over-pumped and subjected to saltwater intrusion, or will be subjected to saltwater intrusion under a range of projected water use and climatic conditions.

Liu, Jie; Rich, Kendall; Zheng, Chunmiao

2008-03-01

316

Use of Alabama lignite in the production of lightweight aggregate  

SciTech Connect

Production of lightweight aggregate from Porter's Creek clay was chosen as a model process to be used in demonstrating the feasibility of using lignite fuel for rotary kiln mineral processing operations in or near the lignite belt. Pilot-scale rotary kiln testing and computer simulation of a commercial-scale operation using data from the pilot-scale tests demonstrated that lignite was a good fuel, requiring no auxiliary flame, for the processes provided the lignite fuel moisture content was less than about 20%. It was shown that hot kiln exhaust gases could be used to dry the raw lignite from about 50% moisture to 10% moisture, prior to lignite grinding and combustion, without the need for additional fuel for drying. Lignite could be delivered to the plant at a cost of $12.25/ton of lignite and would require an incremental investment of $128,500 in mining equipment. Equipment for drying the lignite with hot kiln exit gases prior to pulverization and burning represents the other major additional cost compared to a plant which burns bituminous coal plant. Using the heat requirement per ton of lightweight aggregate product from the computer simulations, the $38/ton delivered price of bituminous coal to a similar plant in Livingston, Alabama, and the relative heating values of the two competing fuels, an after tax savings of $0.58/ton of lightweight aggregate produced was projected, and an after tax discounted cash flow rate of return at 13.5% on additional invested capital was calculated. It may thus be concluded that lignite is a viable fuel for rotary kiln processing operations located in or near the lignite belt in Alabama. Lignite should be given serious consideration as the energy source for any new, as well as existing, energy-intensive industry located in that area of the state.

Sadler, L.Y. III

1982-10-01

317

Jurassic faults of southwest Alabama and offshore areas  

SciTech Connect

Four fault groups affecting Jurassic strata occur in the southwest and offshore Alabama areas. They include the regional basement rift trend, the regional peripheral fault trend, the Mobile graben fault system, and the Lower Mobile Bay fault system. The regional basement system rift and regional peripheral fault trends are distinct and rim the inner margin of the eastern Gulf Coastal Plain. The regional basement rift trend is genetically related to the breakup of Pangea and the opening of the Gulf of Mexico in the Late Triassic-Early Jurassic. This fault trend is thought to have formed contemporaneously with deposition of Late Triassic-Early Jurassic Eagle Mills Formation and to displace pre-Mesozoic rocks. The regional peripheral fault trend consists of a group of en echelon extensional faults that are parallel or subparallel to regional strike of Gulf Coastal Plain strata and correspond to the approximate updip limit of thick Louann Salt. Nondiapiric salt features are associated with the trend and maximum structural development is exhibited in the Haynesville-Smackover section. No hydrocarbon accumulations have been documented in the pre-Jurassic strata of southwest and offshore Alabama. Productive hydrocarbon reservoirs occur in Jurassic strata along the trends of the fault groups, suggesting a significant relationship between structural development in the Jurassic and hydrocarbon accumulation. Hydrocarbon traps are generally structural or contain a major structural component and include salt anticlines, faulted salt anticlines, and extensional fault traps. All of the major hydrocarbon accumulations are associated with movement of the Louann Salt along the regional peripheral fault trend, the Mobile graben fault system, or the Lower Mobile Bay fault system.

Mink, R.M.; Tew, B.H.; Bearden, B.L.; Mancini, E.A. (Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (United States))

1991-03-01

318

The Yearling Disadvantage in Alabama Deer: Effect of Birth Date on Development  

E-print Network

(Odocoileus virginianus) harvested on 23 Alabama Wildlife manage- ment Areas (WMAs) during the 1998. Southeast. Assoc. Fish and Wildl. Agencies 56:255­264 Most white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus

Ditchkoff, Steve

319

Social and economic consequences of onshore OCS-related activities in coastal Alabama: Final baseline report  

SciTech Connect

This report documents existing economic conditions in the coastal Alabama region and highlights industry sectors important to the region`s economy. This report discusses the interplay among different users of the region`s natural resources, noting the tourism, fishing and offshore natural gas industries. Data are presented that show how the tourism and natural gas industries contribute to the economic growth of coastal Alabama and the State of Alabama. The recent conflict between the offshore gas and tourism industries over the use of coastal Alabama resources is discussed. Several case studies highlight local area experience relative to economic growth, industry coexistence and the importance of the coastal region`s natural resources to the local and state economies.

Kelley, J.O.; Wade, W.W.

1999-04-01

320

78 FR 57852 - Warrior Rosin Spill Superfund Site, Holt, Tuscaloosa County, Alabama ; Notice of Settlement  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Liability Act (CERCLA), the United States Environmental Protection Agency has entered into a settlement with the Warrior Asphalt Company of Alabama, Inc. addressing past costs concerning the Warrior Rosin Spill Superfund Site located in Holt,...

2013-09-20

321

Carex Oklahomensis (Cyperaceae) New to Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana, and Additional Records for Mississippi  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Carex oklahomensis is reported new for Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana, and new records are presented for Mississippi. Habitat and species associates are presented for each new distribution point accompanied by speculation as to the origin of these populations....

322

Money, Politics and Judicial Decisions: A Case Study of Arbitration Law in Alabama  

E-print Network

This article presents the results of a study of 106 decisions by the Supreme Court of Alabama from January 18, 1995 through July 9, 1999. The decisions are in the area of arbitration law and reveal the remarkably close ...

Ware, Stephen J.

1999-01-01

323

75 FR 28313 - Alabama Disaster #AL-00032 Declaration of Economic Injury  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) declaration for the State of Alabama, dated 05/13/2010. Incident: Deepwater BP Oil Spill. Incident Period: 04/20/2010 and continuing. DATES: Effective Date: 05/13/2010. EIDL Loan Application...

2010-05-20

324

77 FR 18857 - Final Environmental Impact Statement and Record of Decision for Alabama Beach Mouse General...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...incidental take permits requested under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (Act), as amended, for take of Alabama beach mouse (Peromyscus polionotus ammobates). For record of decision (ROD) availability, see DATES. DATES: The ROD will be available no...

2012-03-28

325

75 FR 52549 - Environmental Impact Statement; Alabama Beach Mouse Draft General Conservation Plan; Fort Morgan...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...occur within the area. Currently the following listed animal species are included in the plan: Alabama beach mouse (ABM) (Peromyscus polionotus ammobates), Loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta), and Kemp's ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys...

2010-08-26

326

40 CFR 81.58 - Columbus (Georgia)-Phenix City (Alabama) Interstate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...located within the outermost boundaries of the area so delimited): In the State of Alabama: Autauga County, Bullock County, Butler County, Crenshaw County, Elmore County, Lee County, Lowndes County, Macon County, Montgomery County, Pike County,...

2010-07-01

327

77 FR 56270 - CSX Transportation, Inc.-Temporary Trackage Rights Exemption-Alabama Great Southern Railroad...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2012, Alabama Great Southern Railroad Company (AGS) has agreed to grant CSX Transportation, Inc...temporary overhead trackage rights over: (1) AGS South District between the connection of AGS and CSXT in Birmingham, Ala., near 14th...

2012-09-12

328

Physical and Biological Effects of Sand Mining Offshore Alabama, U.S.A  

Microsoft Academic Search

BYRNES, M.R.; HAMMER, R.M.; THIBAUT, T.D., and SNYDER, D.B., 2004. Potential physical and biological effects of sand mining offshore Alabama, U.S.A. Journal of Coastal Research, 20(1), 6-24. West Palm Beach (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. Physical processes and biological data were collected and analyzed at five sand resource areas offshore Alabama to address environmental concerns raised by potential sand dredging for beach

Mark R. Byrnes; Richard M. Hammer; Tim D. Thibaut; David B. Snyder

2004-01-01

329

High resolution geophysical mapping of the Mississippi-Alabama Outer Continental Shelf  

E-print Network

HIGH RESOLUTION GEOPHYSICAL MAPPING OF THE MISSISSIPPI-ALABAMA OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF A Thesis by JAY SCOTT LASWELL Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1991 Major Subject: Oceanography HIGH RESOLUTION GEOPHYSICAL MAPPING OF THE MISSISSIPPI-ALABAMA OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF A Thesis by JAY SCOTT LASWELL Approved as to style and content by: William W. Sager (Chair of Committee...

Laswell, Jay Scott

2012-06-07

330

Marshall Space Flight Center solid waste characterization and recycling improvement study: General office and laboratory waste, scrap metal, office and flight surplus  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The primary objectives of the study were to characterize the solid waste stream for MSFC facilities in Huntsville, Alabama, and to evaluate their present recycling program. The purpose of the study was to determine if improvements could be made in terms of increasing quantities of the present commodities collected, adding more recyclables to the program, and streamlining or improving operational efficiency. In conducting the study, various elements were implemented. These included sampling and sorting representative samples of the waste stream; visually inspecting each refuse bin, recycle bin, and roll-off; interviewing employees and recycling coordinators of other companies; touring local material recycling facilities; contacting experts in the field; and performing a literature search.

Eley, Michael H.; Crews, Lavonne; Johnston, Ben; Lee, David; Colebaugh, James

1995-01-01

331

Large Meteor Tracked over Northeast Alabama - Duration: 0:07.  

NASA Video Gallery

On the evening of May 18, NASA all-sky meteor cameras located at NASA?s Marshall Space Flight Center and at the Walker County Science Center near Chickamauga, Ga. tracked the entry of a large meteo...

332

Hurricane Frederic tidal floods of September 12-13, 1979, along the Gulf Coast, Mobile quadrangle, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Shown on a topographic map are floodmark elevations and approximate areas flooded by Hurricane Frederic tides of September 12-13, 1979, along the western side of the Mobile River and Mobile Bay from Pritchard, Alabama, to the Forest Park section of Mobile, Alabama. Storm-tide frequency and records of annual maximum tides at Mobile, Alabama, since 1772, are presented. Offshore winds reached about 160 miles per hour. A wind-velocity of about 145 miles per hour was recorded near Dauphin Island, Alabama. Most of the waterfront improvements in Mobile Bay were either destroyed or heavily damaged. (USGS)

Bohman, Larry R.; Scott, John C.

1980-01-01

333

Lead poisoning among battery reclamation workers in Alabama.  

PubMed

Lead exposures were evaluated at a battery reclamation facility in Alabama. A questionnaire obtained work and health information. Medical tests included blood lead, zinc protoporphyrin, hematocrit, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, and uric acid. An investigation of workers' family members and neighborhood residents was conducted. Fourteen of 15 workers had blood lead levels greater than 50 micrograms/dL. Zinc protoporphyrin was > 79 micrograms/dL in 14 workers. Four workers had hematocrit < 40%; six had elevated serum creatinine (> 1.3 mg/dL). Workers' blood lead levels increased significantly over 2 years (beta = 1.004 micrograms/dL per month). Ten workers had elevated air lead levels. Twelve of 16 employee children had blood lead levels > 10 micrograms/dL; 3 were greater than 40 micrograms/dL. Workers' children had significantly higher blood lead levels than did neighborhood comparison children. Reclamation of lead batteries unaccompanied by smelting poses a health hazard to workers and their children. PMID:8027877

Gittleman, J L; Engelgau, M M; Shaw, J; Wille, K K; Seligman, P J

1994-05-01

334

Depositional environments of some Tertiary lignites from Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Petrographic, chemical, stratigraphic, and palynologic methods were used to reconstruct the depositional environments of some Paleocene-Eocene lignites from the Nanafalia Formation (Wilcox Group) and Naheola Formation (Midway Group) of Alabama. Stratigraphic evidence suggests that the thin lignite seams of the Naheola Formation were formed in deltaic settings; whereas,the thicker Nanafalia lignites were formed in stream channels and sinkholes developed on an eroded limestone surface. Lignites from both areas have high sulfur contents; however, the Naheola lignites have high levels of both organic and pyritic sulfur and the Nanafalia lignites have high levels or organic sulfur only. This suggests that iron was less available to the limestone-associated Nanafalia peat swamps than to the deltaic Naheola swamps. The Naheola lignites are composed primarily of banded lithotypes dominated by the huminite macerals gelinite, ulminite, and humodetrinite. Palynologic evidence suggests that the swamp flora that formed these coals contained Corylus, ferns, and palms with ferns being most common in the Naheola swamps and palms being most common in the Nanafalia. In general, differences in petrographic, chemical, and palynologic composition between the Naheola and Nanafalia lignites can readily be explained by differences in the original depositional conditions under which these deposits were formed.

Gutzler, R.Q.

1985-01-01

335

Monitoring the Blind Shaft Borer Project, Oak Grove, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

In 1974, plans of the United States to obtain energy self-sufficiency included a significant increase in coal production, primarily from new underground mines in the Eastern states. The poor condition of coal shaft sinking companies was a major concern. The US Bureau of Mines perceived similarities between shaft sinking and tunnel boring and felt that a machine could be produced for faster, safer shaft sinking. In January 1975, the Robbins Co., a major producer of tunnel boring machines, submitted an unsolicited proposal to the Bureau of Mines to develop, design, build and demonstrate a Blind Shaft Borer (BSB). In June 1975, a contract was initiated to start work on a BSB. After the Department of Energy was formed, the project was transferred to their Department of Fossil Fuel. In late 1978, while the BSB was being assembled for the field trial near Oak Grove, Alabama, the DOE contracted with Williams Brothers Engineering Company to monitor the site activities and provide technical advice to the Technical Project Manager. This report reviews the BSB project prior to the field trial, describes field trial operations as observed by Williams Brothers Engineering Company personnel and provides a summary of daily activities. It also details project problems, interim efforts to resolve them, results obtained and recommendations to preclude their re-occurrence on future BSB projects.

Amstutz, R.; Danowski, T.

1982-03-01

336

Ground-water resources data for Baldwin County, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Geologic and hydrologic data for 237 wells were collected, and water-levels in 223 wells in Baldwin and Escambia Counties were measured. Long-term water water-level data, available for many wells, indicate that ground-water levels in most of Baldwin County show no significant trends for the period of record. However, ground-water levels have declined in the general vicinity of Spanish Fort and Daphne, and ground-water levels in the Gulf Shores and Orange Beach areas are less than 5 feet above sea level in places. The quality of ground water generally is good, but problems with iron, sulfur, turbidity, and color occur. The water from most private wells in Baldwin County is used without treatment or filtration. Alabama public- health law requires that water from public-supply wells be chlorinated. Beyond that, the most common treatment of ground water by public-water suppliers in Baldwin County consists of pH adjustment, iron removal, and aeration. The transmissivity of the Miocene-Pliocene aquifer was determined at 10 locations in Baldwin County. Estimates of transmissivity ranged from 700 to 5,400 feet squared per day. In general, aquifer transmissivity was greatest in the southeastern part of the county, and least in the western part of the county near Mobile Bay. A storage coefficient of 1.5 x 10-3 was determined for the Miocene-Pliocene aquifer near Loxley.

Robinson, James L.; Moreland, Richard S.; Clark, Amy E.

1996-01-01

337

Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development Facility, Wilsonville, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of Run 261 performed at the Advanced Coal Liquefaction R D Facility in Wilsonville, Alabama. The run started on January 12, 1991 and continued until May 31, 1991, operating in the Close-Coupled Integrated Two-Stage Liquefaction mode processing Illinois No. 6 seam bituminous coal (from Burning star No. 2 mine). In the first part of Run 261, a new bimodal catalyst, EXP-AO-60, was tested for its performance and attrition characteristics in the catalytic/catalytic mode of the CC-ITSL process. The main objective of this part of the run was to obtain good process performance in the low/high temperature mode of operation along with well-defined distillation product end boiling points. In the second part of Run 261, Criterion (Shell) 324 catalyst was tested. The objective of this test was to evaluate the operational stability and catalyst and process performance while processing the high ash Illinois No. 6 coal. Increasing viscosity and preasphaltenes made it difficult to operate at conditions similar to EXP-AO-60 catalyst operation, especially at lower catalyst replacement rates.

Not Available

1992-09-01

338

Frisco City sandstone: Upper Jurassic play in southern Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The Frisco City sandstone play in southern Alabama is an example of hydrocarbon entrapment on the flanks of basement erosional features, with principal reservoirs occurring in proximal alluvial-fan to marine shoreface facies. Productive fields are developed on four-way closures of complex geometry, with reservoir sandstones showing maximum thickness along the margins of basement highs that are roughly 1.3-5.18 km{sup 2} in size and have 136-151 m of relief. Detailed analysis of sandstone facies indicates a downdip progression from alluvial-fan through wadi, eolian, beach, tidal-flat, and shoreface deposits. A sequence stratigraphic model based on identification of backstepping strata representing successive transgressive events is useful in predicting maximum reservoir occurrence in the vicinity of inselbergs. Reservoir quality in productive sandstones is high, with porosities ranging from 13 to 27% and permeabilities of 50 md to 5 d. Hydrocarbon occurrence is related to the distribution of high-quality source rock in the Smackover Formation and to maturation history.

Montgomery, S.L. [Petroleum Consultant, Seattle, WA (United States); Baria, L.R. [Jura-Search, Inc., Jackson, MS (United States); Handford, C.R. [Bureau of Economic Geology, Austin, TX (United States)

1997-10-01

339

Transition in Alabama: A Profile of Commitment. Proceedings of the Annual Statewide Conference on Transition (1st, Auburn, Alabama, January 1992).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings document provides the texts of 13 presentations given at a 2-day conference in 1991 which focused on policies, materials, programs, and activities being implemented in Alabama to foster the successful transition of youth with disabilities to adult life. Two papers address the national scene: "Transition: Old Wine in New Bottles"…

Browning, Philip, Ed.

340

Transition IV in Alabama: A Profile of Commitment. Proceedings of the Annual Statewide Conference on Transition (4th, Auburn, Alabama, January 1995).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings document provides the texts of 23 presentations given at a conference in 1994 which focused on policies, materials, programs, and activities being implemented in Alabama to foster the successful transition of youth with disabilities to adult life. An initial paper compares the definition of transition developed by Andrew Halpern…

Browning, Philip, Ed.

341

Transition III in Alabama: A Profile of Commitment. Proceedings of the Annual Statewide Conference on Transition (3rd, Auburn, Alabama, January 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This proceedings document provides the texts of 18 presentations given at a 3-day conference in 1993 which focused on policies, materials, programs, and activities being implemented in Alabama to foster the successful transition of youth with disabilities to adult life. First, four individuals with learning disabilities (Travis Moore, Kim…

Browning, Philip, Ed.

342

Spatial and temporal variability of air pollution in Birmingham, Alabama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantification of the spatial and temporal variations of outdoor air pollutant concentrations provides important information for epidemiological and other air-pollution studies, many of which have relied in the past on data from a single, centrally-located air pollution monitoring site. A method is developed for combining air pollution measurements from multiple monitors and monitoring networks to generate daily air pollution concentration fields representing spatial variations over distances of approximately 1-10 km. Meteorological and co-pollutant data are used to estimate missing site measurements, yielding more realistic concentration fields as the number of monitoring locations with available data increases. Monitoring data are interpolated with weights computed from intersite pollutant correlations, which decay with distance, so distances between interpolation points and monitoring sites are factored into the interpolation weights. The approach minimizes the influence of source-oriented sites that represent limited areas, because data from such sites exhibit low intersite correlations and yield interpolation weights that decay rapidly to zero. Interpolated values represent pollutant concentrations averaged over spatial scales that depend on intersite distances and the interpolation grid, and do not delineate sharp spatial gradients associated with roadside or near-source conditions. The approach yields quantified interpolation errors the values of which depend on measurement uncertainties, intersite distances, and the representativeness of monitoring site locations. The method is illustrated using an 11-year period of measurements of ozone, PM2.5, and PM10 concentrations from Jefferson County, Alabama. The principal city is Birmingham, which is influenced by regional-scale air pollution and by local emissions from mobile sources, industrial facilities, and residential communities. Emission sources are not distributed uniformly throughout Birmingham, the ridge-and-valley topography complicates dispersion of local emissions, and monitoring data indicate that air pollutant concentrations vary spatially as well as temporally. No single monitor represents air quality across the entire study area.

Blanchard, C. L.; Tanenbaum, S.; Hidy, G. M.

2014-06-01

343

Assessment, water-quality trends, and options for remediation of acidic drainage from abandoned coal mines near Huntsville, Missouri, 2003-2004  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water from abandoned underground coal mines acidifies receiving streams in the Sugar Creek Basin and Mitchell Mine Basin near Huntsville, Missouri. A 4.35-kilometer (2.7-mile) reach of Sugar Creek has been classified as impaired based on Missouri's Water Quality Standards because of small pH values [< (less than) 6.5]. Samples collected from Sugar Creek from July 2003 to June 2004 did not have pH values outside of the specified range of 6.5 to 9.0. However, large concentrations of iron [416 to 2,320 mg/L (milligrams per liter)], manganese (8.36 to 33.5 mg/L), aluminum (0.870 to 428 mg/L), and sulfate (2,990 to 13,700 mg/L) in acidic mine drainage (AMD) from two mine springs as well as small and diffuse seeps were observed to have an effect on water quality in Sugar Creek. Metal and sulfate loads increased and pH decreased immediately downstream from Sugar Creek's confluence with the Calfee Slope and Huntsville Gob drainages that discharge AMD into Sugar Creek. Similar effects were observed in the Mitchell Mine drainage that receives AMD from a large mine spring. Comparisons of water-quality samples from this study and two previous studies by the U.S. Geological Survey in 1987-1988 and the Missouri Department of Natural Resources in 2000-2002 indicate that AMD generation in the Sugar Creek Basin and Mitchell Mine Basin is declining, but the data are insufficient to quantify any trends or time frame. AMD samples from the largest mine spring in the Calfee Slope subbasin indicated a modest but significant increase in median pH from 4.8 to 5.2 using the Wilcoxan rank-sum test (p <0.05) and a decrease in median specific conductance from 5,000 to 3,540 ?S/cm (microsiemens per centimeter at 25 degrees Celsius) during a 17-year period. AMD samples from the largest mine spring in the Mitchell Mine Basin indicated an increase in median pH values from 5.6 to 6.0 and a decrease in median specific conductance from 3,050 to 2,450 ?S/cm during the same period. Remediation of AMD at or near the sites of the three largest mine springs is geochemically feasible based on alkalinity addition rates and increased pH determined by cubitainer experiments and geochemical mixing experiments using the computer model PHREEQCI. Alkalinity values for seven cubitainer experiments conducted to simulate anoxic treatment options exceeded the targeted value for alkalinity [90 mg/L as calcium carbonate (CaCO3)] specified in Missouri's Total Maximum Daily Load program by 18 percent or more, but maximum pH values were between 6.2 and 6.3, which is less than the targeted pH value of 6.5. Treatment of AMD by mixing with stream water or sewage effluent can further increase pH as indicated by geochemical modeling, but will not totally achieve water-quality goals because of limited discharges. A combination of treatments including settling ponds, oxic or anoxic limestone drains, and possibly successive alkalinity producing systems to remediate AMD will likely be required in the Sugar Creek Basin and Mitchell Mine Basin to consistently meet Missouri's Water Quality Standards.

Christensen, Eric D.

2005-01-01

344

Thermal signatures of urban land cover types: High-resolution thermal infrared remote sensing of urban heat island in Huntsville, AL  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The main objective of this research is to apply airborne high-resolution thermal infrared imagery for urban heat island studies, using Huntsville, AL, a medium-sized American city, as the study area. The occurrence of urban heat islands represents human-induced urban/rural contrast, which is caused by deforestation and the replacement of the land surface by non-evaporating and non-porous materials such as asphalt and concrete. The result is reduced evapotranspiration and more rapid runoff of rain water. The urban landscape forms a canopy acting as a transitional zone between the atmosphere and the land surface. The composition and structure of this canopy have a significant impact on the thermal behavior of the urban environment. Research on the trends of surface temperature at rapidly growing urban sites in the United States during the last 30 to 50 years suggests that significant urban heat island effects have caused the temperatures at these sites to rise by 1 to 2 C. Urban heat islands have caused changes in urban precipitation and temperature that are at least similar to, if not greater than, those predicted to develop over the next 100 years by global change models. Satellite remote sensing, particularly NOAA AVHRR thermal data, has been used in the study of urban heat islands. Because of the low spatial resolution (1.1 km at nadir) of the AVHRR data, these studies can only examine and map the phenomenon at the macro-level. The present research provides the rare opportunity to utilize 5-meter thermal infrared data acquired from an airplane to characterize more accurately the thermal responses of different land cover types in the urban landscape as input to urban heat island studies.

Lo, Chor Pang

1996-01-01

345

77 FR 23619 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Alabama: Removal of State Low-Reid Vapor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...volatile organic compounds (VOC). Phase I was applicable...7.0 psi be moved from the active measures portions of the Alabama...attributable to the emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), lead and sulfur...0 psi requirement from the active portion of the Alabama SIP...

2012-04-20

346

Use of Satellite Data to Study the Impact of Land-Cover/Land-Use Change in Madison County Alabama.  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Remote sensing was used to analyze and study land-use/land-cover use changes impact on the environment of Madison County Alabama. This study area was selected because it is one of the fastest growing counties in the state of Alabama. The study used data sets obtained from several sources. Remote sen...

347

Missed Opportunities: Origin, Growth, and Decline of Community College Fire Science Degree Programs in Alabama, 1977 to 2002  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There was rapid growth of Alabama community colleges in the late 1960s. At the same time, there was rapid growth nationally of fire science associate degree programs. With these concurrent events, one would expect fire department personnel in Alabama to benefit from new community college opportunities in fire science and fire administration.…

Laughlin, Jerry W.

2007-01-01

348

78 FR 57611 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Alabama Shad as...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Alabama Shad...Commerce (DOC). ACTION: Notice of 90-day petition finding, request for information...SUMMARY: We (NMFS) announce a 90-day finding on a petition to list Alabama...

2013-09-19

349

Student and Parent Perceptions of Barriers to and Benefits of the School Breakfast Program in Elementary Schools in Southeast Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors impacting participation in the School Breakfast Program (SBP) for elementary school students in southeast Alabama. Methods: Focus groups were used to gather qualitative data from southeastern Alabama public school fourth and fifth grade students and their parents. Six student…

Sabol, Alexis; Struempler, Barbara J.; Zizza, Claire A.

2011-01-01

350

The First Year of Desegregation under Title Six in Alabama: A Review with Observations and Conclusions. A Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluated is the adequacy of the General Statement of Policies under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to achieve the basic objective of Title VI in Alabama. Material in the report is presented under the rubrics of U.S. Office of Education (OE) strategy and policies, Alabama's reaction to the General Statement of Policies, and the effect of…

Alabama Council on Human Relations, Inc., Huntsville.

351

Economic Impacts of the Aquaculture Industry in Alabama in 2005 Tom Stevens, Alan Hodges, and David Mulkey  

E-print Network

paid by businesses, but do not include taxes on profits or income. It was estimated that $4.0 MEconomic Impacts of the Aquaculture Industry in Alabama in 2005 by Tom Stevens, Alan Hodges of Agriculture Economics and Rural Sociology. #12;i Economic Impacts of the Aquaculture Industry in Alabama, 2005

Florida, University of

352

School Desegregation and Civil Society: The Unification of Alabama's Black and White Parent-Teacher Associations, 1954-1971  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This articles discusses the unification of Alabama's black and white Parent-Teacher Associations from 1954 to 1971. Alabama was one of the last PTA state units to desegregate in the late 1960s, along with Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas. It was also the only state in which white members launched a successful…

Woyshner, Christine

2011-01-01

353

A survey of Alabama eye care providers in 2010–2011  

PubMed Central

Background State level information regarding eye care resources can provide policy makers with valuable information about availability of eye care services. The current study surveyed ophthalmologists, optometrists and vision rehabilitation providers practicing in Alabama. Methods Three mutually exclusive provider groups were identified, i.e., all ophthalmologists, optometrists, and vision rehabilitation providers working in Alabama in 2010. Eligible providers were contacted in 2010 and 2011 and information was requested regarding provider demographics and training, practice type and service characteristics, and patient characteristics. Descriptive statistics (e.g., means, proportions) were used to characterize provider groups by their demographic and training characteristics, practice characteristics, services provided and patients or clients served. In addition, county level figures demonstrate the numbers and per capita ophthalmologists and optometrists. Results Ophthalmologists were located in 24 of Alabama’s 67 counties, optometrists in 56, and 10 counties had neither an ophthalmologist nor an optometrist. Overall, 1,033 vision care professionals were identified as eligible to participate in the survey: 217 ophthalmologists, 638 optometrists, and 178 visual rehabilitation providers. Of those, 111 (51.2%) ophthalmologists, 246 (38.6%) optometrists, and 81 (45.5%) rehabilitation providers participated. Most participating ophthalmologists, optometrists, and vision rehabilitation providers identified themselves as non-Hispanic White. Ophthalmologists and optometrists estimated that 27% and 22%, respectively, of their patients had diabetes but that the proportion that adhered to eye care guidelines was 61% among ophthalmology patients and 53% among optometry patients. Conclusions A large number of Alabama communities are isolated from eye care services. Increased future demand for eye care is anticipated nationally given the aging of the population and decreasing numbers of providers; however, Alabama also has a high and growing prevalence of diabetes which will result in greater numbers at risk for diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and cataracts. PMID:24708636

2014-01-01

354

First Report of a Tylenchulus sp. on Peach in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, and South Carolina.  

PubMed

A Tylenchulus sp. found in a Georgia peach orchard parasitized peach roots in the greenhouse. Citrus roots were not parasitized, indicating that the nematode was not the citrus nematode. Morphologically similar populations were found in one peach orchard in Alabama, two orchards in Arkansas, and one in South Carolina. Males were present in the Alabama populations and one of the Arkansas populations. A population was also found in an area of mixed hardwood and pine in Arkansas. The populations are morphologically different from the citrus nematode Tylenchulus semipenetrans. PMID:19290292

Wehunt, E J; Golden, A M; Weaver, C F; Rodríguez-Kábana, R

1987-10-01

355

Dr. Cooper Curtice - Unknown worker in interpreting the Cambrian of Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Cooper Curtice was an assistant to C. D. Walcott from 1883-1886. In 1885, he spent four months, mostly in Alabama, measuring sections of Paleozoic rocks and searching for fossils, mainly in the Cambrian. In 1888, Walcott concurred with foreign authorities that the rocks called Middle Cambrian in North America were Early Cambrian in age and vice versa, requiring a new interpretation of Cambrian strata. Curtice returned to Alabama for geologic investigations in 1892, and again briefly with Walcott in 1895. Since that time Cambrian stratigraphy in the southeastern United States has remained virtually unchanged.

Yochelson, E.L.; Osborne, W.E.

1999-01-01

356

An evaluation of coding methodologies for potential use in the Alabama Resource Information System (ARIS)-transportation study for the state of Alabama  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Procedures developed for digitizing the transportation arteries, airports, and dock facilities of Alabama and placing them in a computerized format compatible with the Alabama Resource Information System are described. The time required to digitize by the following methods: (a) manual, (b) Telereadex 29 with film reading and digitizing system, and (c) digitizing tablets was evaluated. A method for digitizing and storing information from the U. T. M. grid cell base which was compatible with the system was developed and tested. The highways, navigable waterways, railroads, airports, and docks in the study area were digitized and the data stored. The manual method of digitizing was shown to be best for small amounts of data, while the graphic input from the digitizing tablets would be the best approach for entering the large amounts of data required for an entire state.

Montgomery, O. L.

1977-01-01

357

Wernher von Braun and Saturn IB on Launch Pad  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Dr. Wernher von Braun stands in front of a Saturn IB launch vehicle at Kennedy Space Flight Center. Dr. von Braun led a team of German rocket scientists, called the Rocket Team, to the United States, first to Fort Bliss/White Sands, later being transferred to the Army Ballistic Missile Agency at Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. They were further transferred to the newly established NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama in 1960, and Dr. von Braun became the first Center Director. Under von Braun's direction, MSFC developed the Mercury-Redstone, which put the first American in space; and later the Saturn rockets, Saturn I, Saturn IB, and Saturn V. The Saturn V launch vehicle put the first human on the surface of the Moon, and a modified Saturn V vehicle placed Skylab, the first United States' experimental space station, into Earth orbit. Dr. von Braun was MSFC Director from July 1960 to February 1970.

1968-01-01

358

Cancer Centers Program - Cancer Centers  

Cancer.gov

Cancer Centers Program - Cancer Centers Map of Cancer Centers Data Tables Benchmark Home > Cancer Centers Cancer Centers NCI-designated cancer centers are characterized by scientific excellence and the capability to integrate a diversity of

359

Coal stratigraphy of deeper part of Black Warrior basin in Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Warrior coal field of Alabama is stratigraphically in the upper part of the Lower Pennsylvanian Pottsville Formation and structurally in the eastern part of the Black Warrior foreland basin. The productive coal beds extend southwestward from the mining area downdip into the deeper part of the Black Warrior structural basin. Because the deep part of the basin is beyond

W. A. Thomas; S. H. Womack

1983-01-01

360

Public School Administrator Competencies: A Comparison of the Perceptions of Stakeholders in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper assesses the attitudes of multiple stakeholders toward competencies for public-school leaders in Alabama. It examines the views of various groups in the state's education system--teachers, parents, practitioners, and professors of educational leadership--to determine differences in perceptions regarding the perceived importance of…

Marshall, Mark E.; Spencer, William A.

361

Before the Federal Communications Commission in Re Applications of Alabama Educational Television Commission.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Arguments on the application of the Alabama Educational Television Commission (AETC) for license renewal of eight educational television stations were heard before the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Individuals from Black Efforts for Soul on Television and the National Association of Black Media Producers opposed the renewals, claiming…

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

362

Smile Alabama! Initiative: Interim Results from a Program To Increase Children's Access to Dental Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Alabama initiative aimed to improve access to oral health care for Medicaid-eligible children through four components: improved Medicaid claims processing, increased reimbursement for providers, outreach and educational activities to support providers, and parent and patient education about children's oral health. In the first 3 program years,…

Greene-McIntyre, Mary; Finch, Mary Hayes; Searcy, John

2003-01-01

363

New insights into lightning processes gained from triggered-lightning experiments in Florida and Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analyses of electric and magnetic fields measured at distances from tens to hundreds of meters from the ground strike point of triggered lightning at Camp Blanding, Florida, and at 10 and 20 m at Fort McClellan, Alabama, in conjunction with currents measured at the lightning channel base and with optical observations, allow us to make new inferences on several aspects

V. A. Rakov; M. A. Uman; K. J. Rambo; M. I. Fernandez; R. J. Fisher; G. H. Schnetzer; R. Thottappillil; A. Eybert-Berard; J. P. Berlandis; P. Lalande; A. Bonamy; P. Laroche; A. Bondiou-Clergerie

1998-01-01

364

The Day Autherine Lucy Dared To Integrate the University of Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responding to a federal court order to integrate, the University of Alabama admitted Autherine Lucy in 1956. On campus, she was pelted with eggs and threatened with death. After staying locked in a university hall for 3 hours, she was taken away by the police. The following day, trustees suspended Lucy "for her own safety." (SM)

McWhorter, Diane

2001-01-01

365

Where Are Women and Blacks? Patterns of Employment in Alabama Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report examines employment opportunities for women and minorities in the Alabama State government. The employment actions of State officials in the wake of the United States versus Frazer decision in which the State was found guilty of discrimination against blacks are also examined. Comments made by George C. Wallace and other State…

Alabama State Advisory Committee to the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights.

366

Development of State Plan for Career Education in Alabama. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This state plan for career education in Alabama describes the first-year objectives and operational procedures of the State Advisory Council for Career Education. Activities of the following six task forces are reported: (1) needs assessment for grades K-12, (2) postsecondary needs assessment, (3) noneducational (business and industry) needs…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

367

Technology Education. Career Awareness & Technology Literacy. Alabama Course of Study. Bulletin 1996, No. 20.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, which is intended for classroom teachers, supervisors, and administrators throughout Alabama, contains the minimum required content (core program) for public school instruction in career awareness and technological literacy in grades 7-10. Presented first are the following: introduction examining the vision and goals of career…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

368

Phonemic Awareness and Phonics Instruction: Grades 2-3. Alabama Reading Initiative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This inservice professional development module, part of the Alabama Reading Initiative, presents research summaries, notes for presenters, and activities. The Phonemic Awareness and Phonics module clarifies that skilled readers are accurate and automatic decoders (i.e., they have the alphabetic principle). Phonics instruction must empower all…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

369

How Four States Put HIV/AIDS Instruction in the Classroom: Alabama, Maryland, Nebraska and Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study profiles four diverse states (Alabama, Maryland, Nebraska, and Washington) where successful programs have been developed and implemented to provide Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) instruction to elementary and secondary school students. The report identifies common factors and strategies for…

Nash, Margaret A.; Dunkle, Margaret C.

370

Trade and Industrial Education. Alabama Course of Study. Bulletin 1990, [No.] 57.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course of study provides a framework for the content of a program in trade and industrial education as part of the Alabama vocational education program. The course of study was designed to assist educators in developing and maintaining high quality vocational programs and to ensure uniformity of vocational programs. Following a description of…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

371

Alabama Education Report Card, 2012-2013: A Year in Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning in January of 2012, the Alabama State Board of Education embarked on a bold and transformation plan for K-12 public education known as PLAN 2020. Foundational to this plan was a new definition of a successful and prepared high school graduate informed by community colleges, institutions of higher education, and business and industry,…

Alabama Department of Education, 2014

2014-01-01

372

The Alabama Court System Teacher Workshop (Mobile, AL, July 30-August 3, 1984).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook briefly describes an Alabama teacher workshop designed to provide teachers with tools for a law-related instructional program. Following an introduction, a course outline and agenda are provided for those interested in developing similar workshops in other states. Objectives of the workshop were to (1) promote community and school…

Alabama Administrative Office of Courts, Montgomery.

373

An Evaluation of a Three-Year Abstinence Education Program in Southeast Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes an evaluation of a three-year school-based abstinence education program that was taught in 21 public schools to eighth- and 10th grade students in Southeastern Alabama between 2003 and 2005. The abstinence education curricula utilized with the students were "Choosing the Best" and "Navigator" programs. A 76-item testing…

Gossett, Dianne; Hooten, Mary Ann

2006-01-01

374

EAARL topography-Three Mile Creek and Mobile-Tensaw Delta, Alabama, 2010  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This DVD contains lidar-derived first-surface (FS) and bare-earth (BE) topography GIS datasets of a portion of the Mobile-Tensaw Delta region and Three Mile Creek in Alabama. These datasets were acquired on March 6, 2010.

Nayegandhi, Amar; Bonisteel-Cormier, J.M.; Clark, A.P.; Wright, C.W.; Brock, J.C.; Nagle, D.B.; Vivekanandan, Saisudha; Fredericks, Xan

2011-01-01

375

An Assessment of Music Programs in the Alabama Community College System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alabama Community College System (ACCS) consists of 21 comprehensive community colleges, four technical colleges, and Athens State University, the state's only upper level, two- year college. The majority of those 21 colleges incorporate the five objectives of providing transfer, vocational/technical and remedial education, as well as…

Powe, Holly Vanessa

2010-01-01

376

Perceptions of Community College Adult Basic Education Faculty regarding Faculty Professional Development in Alabama Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty professional development is an integral part of the overall mission of the Adult Basic Education programs that are operated under the auspices of the Alabama Community College System. Since their realignment within the ACCS in 2004, there has been a continual process underway to increase professional development activities at both the…

Taylor, Thomas J., Jr.

2009-01-01

377

State Teacher Policy Yearbook: What States Can Do to Retain Effective New Teachers, 2008. Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the Alabama edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's 2008 "State Teacher Policy Yearbook". The 2008 "Yearbook" focuses on how state policies impact the retention of effective new teachers. This policy evaluation is broken down into three areas that encompass 15 goals. Broadly, these goals examine the impact of state…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2008

2008-01-01

378

Something for Everyone: The Marketing and Promotion of Alabama Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recruiters and marketers within the Alabama Community College System are tasked with increasing enrollment at their institutions. The methods of accomplishing this goal include traditional strategies as well as new and emerging ones. Unlike personnel at other institutions of higher learning, however, community college recruiters and marketers have…

Franklin, Christopher

2012-01-01

379

Maastrichtian ammonites chiefly from the Prairie Bluff Chalk in Alabama and Mississippi  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Prairie Bluff Chalk of Alabama and Mississippi yields a diverse ammonite fauna of Maastrichtian age. Twenty-eight species, of which three are new, are recorded. The bulk of the fauna can be referred to a Discoscaphites conradi assemblage zone, but some elements in the fauna are significantly older. -Authors

Cobban, W.A.; Kennedy, W.J.

1995-01-01

380

AlAbAmA Dune RestoRAtion PRoject General Project DescriPtion  

E-print Network

by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill response efforts. Dune habitat in Alabama has been affected by the Deepwater of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, including response efforts. The project will help restore an area of the beach by the Deepwater Horizon oil spill response efforts. The Trustees propose to restore 55 acres of dune habitats

381

The Tides of Tradition: Culture and Reform at the University of Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection serves as an interpretation of traditions, rituals, legacies, and the historical challenges associated with the University of Alabama. As such, it is a consolidated historical record of the cultural history of the university. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction" (Chad Caples, Lillie Hagood, Kurt Johnson, Anne Kanga, Julie Griffin…

Alabama Univ., Birmingham.

382

Engineering design in the freshman year at the University of Alabama-Foundation Coalition program  

Microsoft Academic Search

A pair of courses, Foundations of Engineering I and II, form the two-semester engineering component of Foundation Coalition's integrated freshman year at the University of Alabama (UA). These courses replace two existing freshman engineering courses which are devoted to computer programming and engineering graphics. In order to present a more realistic and interesting introduction to engineering as a profession, the

J. Parker; D. Cordes; J. Richardson

1995-01-01

383

EFFECTS OF SECTION 404 PERMITTING ON FRESHWATER WETLANDS IN LOUISIANA, ALABAMA, AND MISSISSIPPI  

EPA Science Inventory

Information was compiled on permits issued under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act for alteration of freshwater wetlands from January 1982-August 1987 in Louisiana, Alabama, and Mississippi. he location, area, wetland type, and other data describing the impacted and compensatory...

384

78 FR 38026 - Alabama Power, Inc.; Supplement to Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Commission [Project No. 349-173] Alabama Power, Inc.; Supplement to Notice of Availability...Impact Statement for the Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project Announcing Public Meeting On...Statement (draft EIS) for the Martin Dam Hydroelectric Project No. 349- 173 (Martin...

2013-06-25

385

1. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE HIGHWAY BRIDGE 1.5 miles N. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE HIGHWAY BRIDGE 1.5 miles N. from Cochrane on Ala. route 17 Aerial view of Milner bridge, from SW. David J. Kaminsky, Architectural Photography, Atlanta Ga. Aug 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

386

Ancestry reported by white adults with cutaneous melanoma and control subjects in central Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the hypothesis that the high incidence of cutaneous melanoma in white persons in central Alabama is associated with a predominance of Irish and Scots descent. METHODS: Frequencies of country of ancestry reports were tabulated. The reports were also converted to scores that reflect proportional countries of ancestry in individuals. Using the scores, we computed aggregate

Ronald T Acton; Ellen H Barton; William W Hollowell; Amy L Dreibelbis; James C Barton

2004-01-01

387

Transforming the Spirit of Teaching through Wise Practice: Observations of Two Alabama Social Studies Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the teaching styles and approaches of two different social studies teachers working in urban schools in Alabama. Aims at providing examples of wise teaching practice in social studies by examining what these teachers see as essential to becoming effective teachers in a challenging context. (CMK)

Riley, Karen Lea; Wilson, Elizabeth K.; Fogg, Terry

2000-01-01

388

Academic Leaders in Alabama Community Colleges: Roles and Tasks of Department Chairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes the findings from a survey conducted to compare the middle-level managers, department, and unit chairs and heads in Alabama's two-year colleges with those identified in the National Community College Chair Academy Survey of 1994. In particular, the study was designed to note differences or similarities between the national…

Palmer, A. Dale; Miller, Michael T.

389

Factors that Facilitated an Alabama School Assistance Team's Success in a Low-Performing School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the perceived factors that enabled an Alabama School Assistance Team (ASAT) to be effective in helping improve a low performing school. A case study was conducted with the ASATs and the Local Education Agency (LEA) site they served. Data were collected from interviews, documents and observations. The perceptions explored in…

Roy, Virginia; Kochan, Frances

2012-01-01

390

Eocene–Oligocene global climate and sea-level changes: St. Stephens Quarry, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

We integrate upper Eocene-lower Oli- gocene lithostratigraphic, magnetostrati- graphic, biostratigraphic, stable isotopic, benthic foraminiferal faunal, downhole log, and sequence stratigraphic studies from the Alabama St. Stephens Quarry (SSQ) core hole, linking global ice volume, sea level, and temperature changes through the greenhouse to icehouse transition of the Cenozoic. We show that the SSQ succession is dissected by hiatuses associated with

Kenneth G. Miller; James V. Browning; Marie-Pierre Aubry; Bridget S. Wade; Miriam E. Katz; Andrew A. Kulpecz; James D. Wright

2008-01-01

391

Enhanced Management of Avian Breeding Habitat Injured by Response in the Florida Panhandle, Alabama, and Mississippi  

E-print Network

, and Mississippi General Project Description This project will reduce disturbance to nesting habitat for beach; and on Gulf Island National Seashore­ Mississippi District in Mississippi. This project involves three the Florida coast and DOI lands in Alabama and Mississippi. In determining the DSAYs provided by the project

392

Knocking at the College Door: Projections of High School Graduates. Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National and regional trends mask important variation among states in the supply of high school graduates. This profile provides brief indicators for Alabama related to: current levels of educational attainment, projections of high school graduates into the future, and two common barriers to student access and success--insufficient academic…

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2013

2013-01-01

393

Evaluating a Chat Reference Service at the University of South Alabama's Baugh Biomedical Library  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of South Alabama's Baugh Biomedical Library recently initiated a chat reference service targeted at distance education students in the biomedical sciences. After one year of service, the library conducted an evaluation of the chat reference to assess the success of this mode of reference service. Both traditional reference and…

Clanton, Clista C.; Staggs, Geneva B.; Williams, Thomas L.

2006-01-01

394

Relationships between the Morale and Change Orientation of Vocational Education Teachers in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In light of the accelerated rate of change in vocational education, research was done to clarify relationships among teacher attitudes which would assist administrators in facilitating change. This study investigated the relationship between morale and change orientation of Alabama vocational education teachers. The Purdue Teacher Opinionaire and…

Spivey, Glenward L.

395

Fish Assemblage Responses to Urban Intensity Gradients in Contrasting Metropolitan Areas: Birmingham, Alabama and Boston, Massachusetts  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined fish assemblage responses to urban intensity gradients in two contrasting metropolitan areas: Birmingham, Alabama (BIR) and Boston, Massachusetts (BOS). Urbanization was quantified by using an urban intensity index (UII) that included multiple stream buffers and basin land uses, human population density, and road density variables. We evaluated fish assemblage responses by using species richness metrics and detrended correspondence

MICHAEL R. MEADOR; HUMBERT ZAPPIA

396

Diet Quality Is Low among Female Food Pantry Clients in Eastern Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Examine diet quality, food security, and obesity among female food pantry clients. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: A food pantry in Lee County, Alabama. Participants: Fifty-five female food pantry clients between 19 and 50 years of age. Main Outcome Measure(s): Diet quality using United States (US) Department of Agriculture…

Duffy, Patricia; Zizza, Claire; Jacoby, Jocelynn; Tayie, Francis A.

2009-01-01

397

Social identity in the American South: Mardi Gras societies in coastal Mississippi and Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the subculture of Southern Mardi Gras society in coastal Mississippi and Alabama. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Participant observation was used to explore the subculture as well as depth interviews with 42 informants who participated in Mardi Gras societies and\\/or balls. Findings – The findings demonstrate that social identity theory is supported in

Julie Z. Sneath; Carol M. Megehee; Deborah F. Spake

2008-01-01

398

Alabama Ground Operations during the Deep Convective Clouds and Chemistry Experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Deep Convective Clouds and Chemistry (DC3) field campaign investigates the impact of deep, midlatitude convective clouds, including their dynamical, physical and lighting processes, on upper tropospheric composition and chemistry. DC3 science operations took place from 14 May to 30 June 2012. The DC3 field campaign utilized instrumented aircraft and ground ]based observations. The NCAR Gulfstream ]V (GV) observed a variety of gas ]phase species, radiation and cloud particle characteristics in the high ]altitude outflow of storms while the NASA DC ]8 characterized the convective inflow. Groundbased radar networks were used to document the kinematic and microphysical characteristics of storms. In order to study the impact of lightning on convective outflow composition, VHF ]based lightning mapping arrays (LMAs) provided detailed three ]dimensional measurements of flashes. Mobile soundings were utilized to characterize the meteorological environment of the convection. Radar, sounding and lightning observations were also used in real ]time to provide forecasting and mission guidance to the aircraft operations. Combined aircraft and ground ]based observations were conducted at three locations, 1) northeastern Colorado, 2) Oklahoma/Texas and 3) northern Alabama, to study different modes of deep convection in a variety of meteorological and chemical environments. The objective of this paper is to summarize the Alabama ground operations and provide a preliminary assessment of the ground ]based observations collected over northern Alabama during DC3. The multi ] Doppler, dual ]polarization radar network consisted of the UAHuntsville Advanced Radar for Meteorological and Operational Research (ARMOR), the UAHuntsville Mobile Alabama X ]band (MAX) radar and the Hytop (KHTX) Weather Surveillance Radar 88 Doppler (WSR ]88D). Lightning frequency and structure were observed in near real ]time by the NASA MSFC Northern Alabama LMA (NALMA). Pre ]storm and inflow proximity soundings were obtained with the UAHuntsville mobile sounding unit and the Redstone Arsenal (QAG) morning sounding.

Carey, Lawrence; Blakeslee, Richard; Koshak, William; Bain, Lamont; Rogers, Ryan; Kozlowski, Danielle; Sherrer, Adam; Saari, Matt; Bigelbach, Brandon; Scott, Mariana; Schultz, Elise; Schultz, Chris; Gatlin, Patrick; Wingo, Matt; Phillips, Dustin; Phillips, Chris; Peterson, Harold; Bailey, Jeff; Frederickson, Terryn; Hall, John; Bart, Nicole; Becker, Melissa; Pinkney, Kurtis; Rowe, Scott; Starzec, Mariusz

2013-01-01

399

EAARL Coastal Topography-Mississippi and Alabama Barrier Islands, Post-Hurricane Gustav, 2008  

USGS Publications Warehouse

These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of lidar-derived bare-earth (BE) and first-surface (FS) topography datasets were produced collaboratively by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center, St. Petersburg, FL; the National Park Service (NPS), Gulf Coast Network, Lafayette, LA; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of a portion of the Mississippi and Alabama barrier islands, acquired post-Hurricane Gustav (September 2008 hurricane) on September 8, 2008. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural-resource managers. An innovative airborne lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multispectral color infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for sub-meter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL system, and the resulting data were then processed using the Airborne Lidar Processing System (ALPS), a custom-built processing system developed in a NASA-USGS collaboration. ALPS supports the exploration and processing of lidar data in an interactive or batch mode. Modules for presurvey flight-line definition, flight-path plotting, lidar raster and waveform investigation, and digital camera image playback have been developed. Processing algorithms have been developed to extract the range to the first and last significant return within each waveform. ALPS is used routinely to create maps that represent submerged or sub-aerial topography. Specialized filtering algorithms have been implemented to determine the 'bare earth' under vegetation from a point cloud of last return elevations. For more information about similar projects, please visit the Decision Support for Coastal Science and Management website.

Bonisteel-Cormier, J.M.; Nayegandhi, Amar; Wright, C.W.; Sallenger, A.H.; Brock, J.C.; Nagle, D.B.; Klipp, E.S.; Vivekanandan, Saisudha; Fredericks, Xan; Segura, Martha

2010-01-01

400

Evaluation of enhanced recovery operations in Smackover fields of southwest Alabama. Draft topical report on Subtasks 5 and 6  

SciTech Connect

This report contains detailed geologic and engineering information on enhanced-recovery techniques used in unitized Smackover fields in Alabama. The report also makes recommendations on the applicability of these enhanced-recovery techniques to fields that are not now undergoing enhanced recovery. Eleven Smackover fields in Alabama have been unitized. Three fields were unitized specifically to allow the drilling of a strategically placed well to recover uncontacted oil. Two fields in Alabama are undergoing waterflood projects. Five fields are undergoing gas-injection programs to increase the ultimate recovery of hydrocarbons. Silas and Choctaw Ridge fields were unitized but no enhanced-recovery operations have been implemented.

Hall, D.R.

1992-06-01

401

The Tenth Thermal and Fluids Analysis Workshop  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Tenth Thermal arid Fluids Analysis Workshop (TFAWS 99) was held at the Bevill Center, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, Alabama, September 13-17, 1999. The theme for the hands-on training workshop and conference was "Tools and Techniques Contributing to Engineering Excellence". Forty-seven technical papers were presented in four sessions. The sessions were: (1) Thermal Spacecraft/Payloads, (2) Thermal Propulsion/Vehicles, (3) Interdisciplinary Paper, and (4) Fluids Paper. Forty papers were published in these proceedings. The remaining seven papers were not available in electronic format at the time of publication. In addition to the technical papers, there were (a) nine hands-on classes on thermal and flow analyses software, (b) twelve short courses, (c) thirteen product overview lectures, and (d) three keynote lectures. The workshop resulted in participation of 171 persons representing NASA Centers, Government agencies, aerospace industries, academia, software providers, and private corporations.

Majumdar, Alok (Compiler); McConnaughey, Paul (Technical Monitor)

2001-01-01

402

Development of Basic Workers' Comp Guidelines for Chiropractic Care in Response to Needs of Third Party Payers in Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo describe a novel program in the area of workers' compensation-based chiropractic care in Alabama developed at the request of third-party administrators handling workers' compensation claims.

Marion W. Evans Jr.

2004-01-01

403

Potential for CO2 Sequestration and Enhanced Coalbed Methane Production, Blue Creek Field, NW Black Warrior Basin, Alabama  

E-print Network

basin, Alabama. It considered the injection and production rate, the components of injected gas, coal dewatering, permeability anisotropy, various CO2 soak times, completion of multiple reservoir layers and pressure constraints at the injector...

He, Ting

2011-02-22

404

Fate of Deepwater Horizon oil in Alabama's beach system: Understanding physical evolution processes based on observational data.  

PubMed

The impact of MC252 oil on northern Gulf of Mexico (GOM) beaches from the 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DWH) catastrophe was extensive along Alabama's beaches. While considerable amount of cleanup has occurred along these beaches, as of August 2014, DWH oil spill residues continue to be found as surface residual balls (SRBs), and also occasionally as submerged oil mats (SOMs). Four years of field observations informing the fate and transport of DWH SRBs in Alabama's beach system are presented here, along with a conceptual framework for describing their physical evolution processes. The observation data show that SRBs containing MC252 residues currently remain in Alabama's beach system, although their relationship to SOMs is not fully known. Based on our field observations we conclude that small DWH SRBs are likely to persist for several years along the Alabama shoreline. PMID:25496697

Hayworth, Joel S; Prabakhar Clement, T; John, Gerald F; Yin, Fang

2015-01-15

405

76 FR 31580 - Opportunity for Designation in the State of Alabama; Saginaw, TX; Essex, IL; Springfield, IL...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration Opportunity for Designation in the State of Alabama; Saginaw, TX; Essex, IL; Springfield, IL; Savage, MN; and State of Washington Areas; Request for Comments on the Official Agencies...

2011-06-01

406

77 FR 6780 - Designation for the State of Alabama; Saginaw, TX; Essex, IL; Springfield, IL; Savage, MN; and...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration...and State of Washington Areas AGENCY: Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration...and Industries (Alabama); Gulf Country Grain Inspection Service, Inc. (Gulf...

2012-02-09

407

76 FR 25330 - Georgia Power Company; Project No. 485-063-Georgia and Alabama, Bartletts Ferry Hydroelectric...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Energy Regulatory Commission Georgia Power Company; Project No. 485-063--Georgia and Alabama, Bartletts Ferry Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Proposed Restricted...certain parties listed below. Georgia Power Company, as licensee for...

2011-05-04

408

Personal, social, and physical environmental correlates of physical activity in rural African-American women in Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundPhysical inactivity is prevalent among African-American women in rural Alabama. The purpose of this study was to explore personal, social, and physical environmental factors associated with activity to help plan interventions.

Bonnie K Sanderson; H. Russell Foushee; Vera Bittner; Carol E Cornell; Verana Stalker; Stacie Shelton; LeaVonne Pulley

2003-01-01

409

Water use, availability, and net demand in the Tennessee River watershed within Alabama, 2005  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey worked in cooperation with the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs—Office of Water Resources to estimate water use and water availability for 2005 for the portion of the Tennessee River watershed contained within the borders of the State of Alabama. Estimates of water use and availability are an important part of planning for population and economic growth in the Tennessee River watershed in Alabama. Total water use for the region in 2005 was 5,197 million gallons per day (Mgal/d). Total surface-water withdrawals were 5,139 Mgal/d, and total groundwater withdrawals were about 58 Mgal/d. About 92 percent of the total water withdrawn was surface water used for once-through cooling for thermoelectric power generation. Self-supplied industrial and public-supply water uses accounted for the next greatest uses of water, constituting approximately 49 and 42 percent, respectively, of the total water use excluding thermoelectric power use. Summaries of water use by county and subbasin indicated the areas of greatest water withdrawals and use within the Tennessee River watershed. Limestone (2,012 Mgal/d), Jackson (1,498 Mgal/d), and Colbert (1,363 Mgal/d) Counties were the counties with the greatest total water use in 2005 and had large amounts of water withdrawn for thermoelectric power generation. When water use from thermoelectric power generation was not considered, the counties with the greatest withdrawals were Morgan (124 Mgal/d), Madison (72 Mgal/d), Colbert (69 Mgal/d), and Lawrence (67 Mgal/d). The subbasin with the greatest total water use was Wheeler Lake (2,260 Mgal/d) in the Middle Tennessee—Elk subregion. Wheeler Lake subbasin also had the greatest public-supply, irrigation, industrial, mining, and thermoelectric withdrawals of any subbasin in the Tennessee River watershed within Alabama. Total water availability for the Tennessee River watershed within Alabama was estimated to be 34,567 Mgal/d by the Geological Survey of Alabama. Net water demand for the watershed was calculated by subtracting the Tennessee Valley Authority estimates of return flow from water withdrawals. The net water demand was 136 Mgal/d, which is less than 1 percent of the estimated water available.

Gill, Amy C.; Harper, Michael J.; Littlepage, Thomas M.

2013-01-01

410

Mercury Occurrence in Prothonotary Warblers ( Protonotaria citrea ) Inhabiting a National Priorities List Site and Reference Areas in Southern Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mercury occurrence in prothonotary warblers (Protonotaria citrea) was evaluated over two years in southern Alabama. Mercury was found in warbler nestlings and adults inhabiting National\\u000a Priority List (NPL) sites in McIntosh, Alabama. Food items that were collected from nestlings also contained elevated mercury.\\u000a When mercury concentrations in soil, food, and nestling were plotted at each nest box location, the distribution

Blakely M. Adair; Kevin D. Reynolds; Scott T. McMurry; George P. Cobb

2003-01-01

411

Space Station Freedom Utilization Conference: Executive summary  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From August 3-6, 1992, Space Station Freedom Program (SSFP) representatives and prospective Space Station Freedom researchers gathered at the Von Braun Civic Center in Huntsville, Alabama, for NASA's first annual Space Station Freedom (SSF) Utilization Conference. The sessions presented are: (1) overview and research capabilities; (2) research plans and opportunities; (3) life sciences research; (4) technology research; (4) microgravity research and biotechnology; and (5) closing plenary.

412

Current Collection from Space Plasmas  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The First Workshop on Current Collection from Space Plasmas was held at the Tom Bevil Center on the campus of The University of Alabama in Huntsville on April 24 to 25, 1989. The intent of the workshop was to assemble experts on various topics related to the problem of current collection for deliberations that would elucidate the present understanding of the overall current collection problem. Papers presented at the workshop are presented.

Singh, Nagendra (editor); Wright, K. H., Jr. (editor); Stone, Nobie H. (editor)

1990-01-01

413

Evaluation of Convergent Spray Technology(TM) Spray Process for Roof Coating Application  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The overall goal of this project was to demonstrate the feasibility of(CST) Convergent Spray Technology (Trademark) for the roofing industry. This was accomplished by producing an environmentally compliant coating utilization recycled materials, a CST(Trademark) spray process portable application cart, and hand-held applicator with a CST(Trademark) spray process nozzle. The project culminated with application of this coating to a nine hundred sixty square foot metal for NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama.

Scarpa, J.; Creighton, B.; Hall, T.; Hamlin, K.; Howard, T.

1998-01-01

414

Radioactivities of Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) materials: Baggage and bonanzas  

SciTech Connect

Radioactivities in materials onboard the returned Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) satellite have been studied by a variety of techniques. Among the most powerful is low-background Ge-semiconductor detector gamma-ray spectrometry, illustrated here by results obtained at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory's (LBL) Low Bakground Facilities, in a multi-laboratory collaboration coordinated by Dr. Thomas Parnell's team at the Marshall Spacecraft Center, Huntsville, Alabama.

Smith, A.R.; Hurley, D.L.

1991-08-01

415

Thin Films Protect Electronics from Heat and Radiation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

While Anne St. Clair worked on high performance polyimides at Langley Research Center, she noticed that some of the films were nearly colorless. The polyimides became known as LaRC-CP1 and LaRC-CP2, and were licensed by NeXolve Corporation, based in Huntsville, Alabama. Today, NeXolve provides polyimide film products to commercial customers for spacecraft, telescopes, and circuit boards.

2013-01-01

416

Space Station Freedom Utilization Conference: Executive summary  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

From August 3-6, 1992, Space Station Freedom Program (SSFP) representatives and prospective Space Station Freedom researchers gathered at the Von Braun Civic Center in Huntsville, Alabama, for NASA's first annual Space Station Freedom (SSF) Utilization Conference. The sessions presented are: (1) overview and research capabilities; (2) research plans and opportunities; (3) life sciences research; (4) technology research; (4) microgravity research and biotechnology; and (5) closing plenary.

1992-01-01

417

Performance modeling of grazing incidence optics with structural deformations and fabrication errors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In-house optical performance modeling is being done at Marshall Space FLight Center (MSFC) in support of the development, fabrication, and testing of the Advanced X-ray Astrophysics Facility-Imaging (AXAF-I). Specialized software for modeling grazing-incidence x-ray telescopes is being developed by MSFC with assistance from the University of Alabama in Huntsville. Interfaces between the optical model and the mirror surface metrology and

David E. Zissa; Anees Ahmad; Chen Feng

1996-01-01

418

ISWE: A Case Study of Technology Utilization  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The International Space Welding Experiment is a joint project between the E.O. Paton Welding Institute of Kiev, Ukraine and the George C. Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. When an international partner is involved in a project, differences in design and testing philosophy can become a factor in the development of the hardware. This report addresses selected issues that arose during the ISWE hardware development as well as the solutions the ISWE team made.

Benfield, M. P.; Mitchell, D. P.; Vanhooser, M. T.; Landrum, D. B.

1998-01-01

419

Werner von Braun relaxes after successful Apollo 11 Saturn V launch  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Dr. Wernher von Braun, director of the Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama, relaxes after the successful launch of Apollo 11 astronauts Neil A. Armstrong, Michael Collins and Edwin Aldrin Jr. today. Their historic lunar landing mission began at 9:32 a.m. EDT, July 16, 1969, when an Apollo/Saturn V space vehicle lifted off from the spaceport's Launch Complex 39A.

1969-01-01

420

Science in Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alabama Science in Motion program is a project established by the Alabama State Legislature. The goals are to provide high tech laboratory experiences for students and effective professional development for teachers. The page provides links to a science departments around Alabama. Some of these include: Alabama A&M, Alabama State University, Athens State University, Auburn University, Jacksonville State University, University of Montevallo, Troy University, University of Alabama, University of Alabama-Birmingham, University of Alabama-Huntsville, North Alabama and South Alabama. This is just one portion the the Alabama Math, Science and Technology Initiative (AMSTI).

421

Marshall Space Flight Center solid waste characterization and recycling improvement study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The MSFC Facilities Office, which is responsible for disposing of all waste generated by MSFC, issued a delivery order to the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) to characterize current MSFC waste streams and to evaluate their existing recycling program. The purpose of the study was to define the nature, quantity, and types of waste produced and to generate ideas for improving the present recycling program. Specifically, the following tasks were to be performed: Identify various surplus and waste materials--as identified by the Contracting Officer's Technical Representative (COTR)--by source, location, and type; Analyze MSFC's current methods for handling, storage, transport, and disposition of waste and surplussed materials; Determine the composition of various surplus and waste materials as to type and quantities from various sources and locations; Analyze different methods for the disposition of various surplus and waste materials, including quality, quantity, preparation, transport cost, and value; Study possible alternatives to current methods of handling, storage, transport, and disposition of surplus and waste materials to improve the quality and quantities recycled or sold and to reduce and minimize the quantities of surplus and waste material currently being disposed of or stored; Provide recommendations for source and centralized segregation and aggregation of materials for recycling and/or disposition; and The analysis could include identification and laboratory level evaluation of methods and/or equipment, including capital costs, operating costs, maintenance requirements, life cycle and return on investment for systems to support the waste reduction program mission.

Eley, Michael H.; Crews, Lavonne; Johnston, Ben; Lee, David; Colebaugh, James

1995-01-01

422

Colorectal cancer screening practices in Alabama: a survey of primary care physicians.  

PubMed

In order to inform efforts to increase screening rates for colorectal cancer (CRC), we conducted a survey of Alabama primary care physicians regarding CRC screening practices, educational preferences, and perceptions of obstacles to screening. A mail survey of 2,378 Alabama physicians in Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, and Obstetrics & Gynecology was conducted. Many physicians are not fully up-to-date with current CRC screening practices that could improve patient compliance with screening guidelines. One example is the potential use of high-sensitivity stool tests, such as the fecal immunochemical test, instead of the no longer recommended low-sensitivity guaiac fecal occult blood tests. In addition, enhanced multimedia and web-based approaches to educating physicians and patients could be more fully utilized. Further, greater use of health information technologies could increase screening rates. Enhancing primary care physicians' knowledge of screening modalities and increasing their use of electronic technology could significantly improve colorectal cancer screening outcomes. PMID:22829231

Chapman, Kathryn; Nicholls, Keith; Sullivan, Margaret M; Crutchfield, Susan; Shaw, Thomas; Perkins, Allen; Reed, Eddie

2012-12-01

423

The Alabama Drug Discovery Alliance: A Collaborative Partnership to Facilitate Academic Drug Discovery  

PubMed Central

The Alabama Drug Discovery Alliance is a collaboration between the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Southern Research Institute that aims to support the discovery and development of therapeutic molecules that address an unmet medical need. The alliance builds on the expertise present at both institutions and has the dedicated commitment of their respective technology transfer and intellectual property offices to guide any commercial opportunities that may arise from the supported efforts. Although most projects involve high throughput screening, projects at any stage in the drug discovery and development pathway are eligible for support. Irrespective of the target and stage of any project, well-functioning interdisciplinary teams are crucial to a project’s progress. These teams consist of investigators with a wide variety of expertise from both institutions to contribute to the program’s success. PMID:21448756

Everts, Maaike; Knight, W. Blaine; Harris, David R.; Secrist, John A.; Whitley, Richard J.

2011-01-01

424

Activities in the Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) During the STS-42 IML-1  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The primary payload for Space Shuttle Mission STS-42, launched January 22, 1992, was the International Microgravity Laboratory-1 (IML-1), a pressurized manned Spacelab module. The goal of IML-1 was to explore in depth the complex effects of weightlessness of living organisms and materials processing. Around-the-clock research was performed on the human nervous system's adaptation to low gravity and effects of microgravity on other life forms such as shrimp eggs, lentil seedlings, fruit fly eggs, and bacteria. Materials processing experiments were also conducted, including crystal growth from a variety of substances such as enzymes, mercury iodide, and a virus. The Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) was the air/ground communication channel used between the astronauts and ground control teams during the Spacelab missions. Featured are activities in the SL POCC during STS-42, IML-1 mission.

1992-01-01

425

Gravity Plant Physiology Facility (GPPF) Team in the Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The primary payload for Space Shuttle Mission STS-42, launched January 22, 1992, was the International Microgravity Laboratory-1 (IML-1), a pressurized manned Spacelab module. The goal of IML-1 was to explore in depth the complex effects of weightlessness of living organisms and materials processing. Around-the-clock research was performed on the human nervous system's adaptation to low gravity and effects of microgravity on other life forms such as shrimp eggs, lentil seedlings, fruit fly eggs, and bacteria. Materials processing experiments were also conducted, including crystal growth from a variety of substances such as enzymes, mercury iodide, and a virus. The Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) was the air/ground communication channel used between the astronauts and ground control teams during the Spacelab missions. Featured is the Gravity Plant Physiology Facility (GPPF) team in the SL POCC during the IML-1 mission.

1992-01-01

426

Critical Point Facility (CPF) Team in the Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The primary payload for Space Shuttle Mission STS-42, launched January 22, 1992, was the International Microgravity Laboratory-1 (IML-1), a pressurized manned Spacelab module. The goal of IML-1 was to explore in depth the complex effects of weightlessness of living organisms and materials processing. Around-the-clock research was performed on the human nervous system's adaptation to low gravity and effects of microgravity on other life forms such as shrimp eggs, lentil seedlings, fruit fly eggs, and bacteria. Materials processing experiments were also conducted, including crystal growth from a variety of substances such as enzymes, mercury iodide, and a virus. The Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) was the air/ground communication channel used between the astronauts and ground control teams during the Spacelab missions. Featured is the Critical Point Facility (CPF) team in the SL POCC during the IML-1 mission.

1982-01-01

427

Crystal Growth Team in the Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) During the STS-42  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The primary payload for Space Shuttle Mission STS-42, launched January 22, 1992, was the International Microgravity Laboratory-1 (IML-1), a pressurized manned Spacelab module. The goal of IML-1 was to explore in depth the complex effects of weightlessness of living organisms and materials processing. Around-the-clock research was performed on the human nervous system's adaptation to low gravity and effects of microgravity on other life forms such as shrimp eggs, lentil seedlings, fruit fly eggs, and bacteria. Materials processing experiments were also conducted, including crystal growth from a variety of substances such as enzymes, mercury iodide, and a virus. The Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) was the air/ground communication channel used between the astronauts and ground control teams during the Spacelab missions. Featured is the Crystal Growth team in the SL POCC during STS-42, IML-1 mission.

1992-01-01

428

Critical Point Facility (CPE) Group in the Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The primary payload for Space Shuttle Mission STS-42, launched January 22, 1992, was the International Microgravity Laboratory-1 (IML-1), a pressurized manned Spacelab module. The goal of IML-1 was to explore in depth the complex effects of weightlessness of living organisms and materials processing. Around-the-clock research was performed on the human nervous system's adaptation to low gravity and effects of microgravity on other life forms such as shrimp eggs, lentil seedlings, fruit fly eggs, and bacteria. Materials processing experiments were also conducted, including crystal growth from a variety of substances such as enzymes, mercury iodide, and a virus. The Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Spacelab Payload Operations Control Center (SL POCC) at the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) was the air/ground communication channel used between the astronauts and ground control teams during the Spacelab missions. Featured is the Critical Point Facility (CPE) group in the SL POCC during STS-42, IML-1 mission.

1992-01-01

429

Thirty Thousand Years of Vegetation Changes in the Alabama Hills, Owens Valley, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty packrat (Neotoma) middens recovered from three sites (1265-1535 m) in the Alabama Hills, Inyo County, California, provide a ca. 31,450-yr record of vegetation change. Located ca. 7 km east of the Sierra Nevada, the middens document that Utah juniper (Juniperus osteosperma), Joshua tree (Yucca brevifolia), and bitterbush (Purshia tridentata) occupied the site between 31,450 and 19,070 yr B.P. Joshua

Peter A. Koehler; R. Scott Anderson

1995-01-01

430

Inner shelf deposits of the Louisiana-Mississippi-Alabama region, Gulf of Mexico  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The northeastern region, offshore of the Mississippi-Alabama barrier islands, was formed by Pleistocene fluvial systems and Recent shoreface erosion and ravinement. Underlying the relatively thin Holocene sediment cover are relict fluvial sands which were deposited during the late Wisconsinan lowstand. Subsequent sea level rise allowed marine processes to rework and redistribute sediments forming the nearshore fine-grained facies and shelf sands sheet.

Kindinger, Jack L.; Penland, Shea; Williams, S. Jeffress; Suter, John R.

1989-01-01

431

Chemical quality of bottled waters from three cities in eastern Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-five brands of bottled waters consisting of both purified and spring types collected randomly from three Alabama cities, USA were assessed for their suitability for human consumption. Water quality constituents analyzed include pH, conductivity, alkalinity, chloride, nitrate+nitrite, sulfate, phosphate, total carbon (TC), inorganic carbon (IC), total organic carbon (TOC), and 27 elements on the inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES).

Abua Ikem; Seyi Odueyungbo; Nosa O. Egiebor; Kafui Nyavor

2002-01-01

432

Sea truth and environmental characterization studies of Mobile Bay, Alabama, utilizing ERTS-1, data collection platforms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper reports on the scientific results obtained during a feasibility study that evaluated the potential of using ERTS data collection platforms (DCPs) in the coastal environment of Mobile Bay, Alabama. The utility of instrumented buoys operated in a coastal marine environment as ERTS DCPs is demonstrated. It is shown that these platforms are capable of providing both sea-truth data for ERTS imagery studies and time-series data for event monitoring and/or environmental characterization studies.

Schroeder, W. W.

1977-01-01

433

Lake-sediment record of late Holocene hurricane activities from coastal Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coastal lake sediments contain a stratigraphically and chronologically distinct record of major hurricane strikes during late Holocene time. Frederic---a category 3 hurricane that struck the Alabama coast on the Gulf of Mexico in 1979---left a distinct sand layer in the nearshore sediments of Lake Shelby as a result of storm-tide overwash of beaches and dunes. Sediment cores taken from the

Kam-Biu Liu; Miriam L. Fearn

1993-01-01

434

Assessment of water quality, benthic invertebrates, and periphyton in the Threemile Creek basin, Mobile, Alabama, 1999-2003  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey conducted a 4-year investigation of water quality and aquatic-community structure in Threemile Creek, an urban stream that drains residential areas in Mobile, Alabama. Water-quality samples were collected between March 2000 and September 2003 at four sites on Threemile Creek, and between March 2000 and October 2001 at two tributary sites that drain heavily urbanized areas in the watershed. Stream samples were analyzed for major ions, nutrients, fecal-indicator bacteria, and selected organic wastewater compounds. Continuous measurements of dissolved-oxygen concentrations, water temperature, specific conductance, and turbidity were recorded at three sites on Threemile Creek during 1999?2003. Aquatic-community structure was evaluated by conducting one survey of the benthic invertebrate community and multiple surveys of the algal community (periphyton). Benthic invertebrate samples were collected in July 2000 at four sites on Threemile Creek; periphyton samples were collected at four sites on Threemile Creek and the two tributary sites during 2000 ?2003. The occurrence and distribution of chemical constituents in the water column provided an initial assessment of water quality in the streams; the structure of the benthic invertebrate and algal communities provided an indication of the cumulative effects of water quality on the aquatic biota. Information contained in this report can be used by planners and resource managers in the evaluation of proposed total maximum daily loads and other restoration efforts that may be implemented on Threemile Creek. The three most upstream sites on Threemile Creek had similar water chemistry, characterized by a strong calcium-bicarbonate component; the most downstream site on Threemile Creek was affected by tidal fluctuations and mixing from Mobile Bay and had a strong sodium-chloride component. The water chemistry at the tributary site on Center Street was characterized by a strong sodium-chloride component; the water chemistry at the second tributary site, Toulmins Spring Branch, was characterized by a strong calcium component without a dominant anionic species. The ratios of sodium to chloride at the tributary at Center Street were higher than typical values for seawater, indicating that sources other than seawater (such as leaking or overflowing sewer systems or industrial discharge) likely are contributors to the increased levels of sodium and chloride. Concentrations of fluoride and boron also were elevated at this site, indicating possible anthropogenic sources. Dissolved-oxygen concentrations were not always within levels established by the Alabama Department of Environmental Management; continuous monitors recorded dissolved-oxygen concentrations that were repeatedly less than the minimum criterion (3.0 milligrams per liter) at the most downstream site on Threemile Creek. Water temperature exceeded the recommended criterion (32.2 degrees Celsius) at five of six sites in the Threemile Creek basin. The pH values were within established criteria (6.0 ? 8.5) at sites on Threemile Creek; however, pH values ranged from 7.2 to 10.0 at the tributary at Center Street and from 6.6 to 9.9 at Toulmins Spring Branch. Nutrient concentrations in the Threemile Creek basin reflect the influences of both land use and the complex hydrologic systems in the lower part of the basin. Nitrite-plus-nitrate concentrations exceeded U.S. Environmental Protection Agency ecoregion nutrient criteria in 88 percent of the samples. In 45 percent of the samples, total phosphorus concentrations exceeded the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency goal of 0.1 milligram per liter for preventing nuisance aquatic growth. Ratios of nitrogen to phosphorus indicate that both nutrients have limiting effects. Median concentrations of enterococci and fecal coliform bacteria were highest at the two tributary sites and lowest at the most upstream site on Threemile Creek. In general, concentrations o

McPherson, Ann K.; Gill, Amy C.; Moreland, Richard S.

2005-01-01

435

Newcastle disease virus in double-crested cormorants in Alabama, Florida, and Mississippi.  

PubMed

In order to understand the epidemiology of Newcastle disease (ND) outbreaks in double-crested cormorants (Phalacrocorax auritus), a study was conducted on wintering migratory cormorants (P. a. auritus) in Alabama and Mississippi (USA) and non-migratory cormorants (P. a. floridanus) that breed in Florida (USA). Antibodies against ND virus were detected by the hemagglutination-inhibition method in sera from 86 of 183 (47%) migratory cormorants over-wintering in eight roosting sites in Alabama and Mississippi between November, 1997 and April, 1999. Titers ranged from 5 to 40. Antibody prevalences in sera collected from females in early winter (November and December) (26%) and late winter (February and March) (56%) were significantly different (P = 0.0007). None of 45 serum samples from 1- to 7-wk-old nestlings from 11 colonies in Florida during the 1997-98 and 1998-99 breeding seasons was positive. However, antibodies were detected in yolk samples from 98 of 126 (78%) eggs collected in these same colonies. Titers ranged from 4 to 256. The prevalence of antibodies in eggs collected from fresh-water colonies (63% prevalence, n = 30) and salt-water colonies (82% prevalence, n = 96) was significantly different (P = 0.041). ND virus was not isolated from tissues of 18 cormorants and cloacal and tracheal swabs from 202 cormorants collected in Alabama and Mississippi; virus was also not isolated from cloacal and tracheal swabs from 51 nestlings from Florida. PMID:11763745

Farley, J M; Romero, C H; Spalding, M G; Avery, M L; Forrester, D J

2001-10-01

436

Reservoir heterogeneity in Carter Sandstone, North Blowhorn Creek oil unit and vicinity, Black Warrior Basin, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This report presents accomplishments made in completing Task 3 of this project which involves development of criteria for recognizing reservoir heterogeneity in the Black Warrior basin. The report focuses on characterization of the Upper Mississippian Carter sandstone reservoir in North Blowhorn Creek and adjacent oil units in Lamar County, Alabama. This oil unit has produced more than 60 percent of total oil extracted from the Black Warrior basin of Alabama. The Carter sandstone in North Blowhorn Creek oil unit is typical of the most productive Carter oil reservoirs in the Black Warrior basin of Alabama. The first part of the report synthesizes data derived from geophysical well logs and cores from North Blowhorn Creek oil unit to develop a depositional model for the Carter sandstone reservoir. The second part of the report describes the detrital and diagenetic character of Carter sandstone utilizing data from petrographic and scanning electron microscopes and the electron microprobe. The third part synthesizes porosity and pore-throat-size-distribution data determined by high-pressure mercury porosimetry and commercial core analyses with results of the sedimentologic and petrographic studies. The final section of the report discusses reservoir heterogeneity within the context of the five-fold classification of Moore and Kugler (1990).

Kugler, R.L.; Pashin, J.C.

1992-05-01

437

Sequence stratigraphy of middle and upper Jurassic strata of Southwestern Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Middle and Upper Jurassic systems tracts of southwestern Alabama differ from those of the western Gulf rim, showing: (1) profound influence of antecedent topography; (2) low early subsidence rates; and (3) greater clastic influx from adjacent uplands. Werner Anhydrite and Louann Salt represent the earliest marine incursion onto the Gulf rim following initial rifting; they onlap upper Paleozoic basement and garben-filling Eagle Mills red beds. Because basin-wide evaporative drawdowns overprint even higher order eustatic sea level changes, transgressive systems tracts (TST) and highstand systems tracts (HST) are indistinguishable. Anhydrite and shale caps accumulated via interstratal halite dissolution. Oxfordian Norphlet siliciclastics form a continental lowstand systems tract as illustrated by abrupt contact with underlying marine evaporites without intervening progradational marginal marine facies. Marine-reworked uppermost Norphlet sandstone marks the base of a subsequent TST, which includes overstepping lower Smackover lithofacies (laminated mudstone, algal-laminated mudstone, and pellet wackestone). The upper Smackover HST is characterized by formation of rimmed shelves upon which algal mounds and aggrading ooid grainstone parasequences accumulated. Shallow lagoonal carbonate and evaporite saltern deposition occurred behind ooid shoals; fine-grained siliciclastics accumulated in updip areas. Equivalents of Smackover A, Smackover B, Bossier, and Gilmer sequences are largely masked by influx of Haynesville and Cotton Valley continental clastics. Lack of biostratigraphic data, a consequence of restricted fauna, precludes useful age assignments for these sequences in Alabama. Middle and Upper Jurassic systems tracts of southwestern Alabama are regionally atypical and cannot serve as a model for Gulf-wide sequences.

Wade, W.J.; Moore, C.H. Jr. (Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States))

1993-09-01

438

Bringing Global Climate Change Education to Alabama Middle School and High School Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A NASA-funded Innovations in Climate Education (NICE) Program has been launched in Alabama to improve high school and middle school education in climate change science. The overarching goal is to generate a better informed public that understands the consequences of climate change and can contribute to sound decision making on related issues. Inquiry based NICE modules have been incorporated into the existing course of study for 9-12 grade biology, chemistry, and physics classes. In addition, new modules in three major content areas (earth and space science, physical science, and biological science) have been introduced to selected 6-8 grade science teachers in the summer of 2013. The NICE modules employ five E's of the learning cycle: Engage, Explore, Explain, Extend and Evaluate. Modules learning activities include field data collection, laboratory measurements, and data visualization and interpretation. Teachers are trained in the use of these modules for their classroom through unique partnership with Alabama Science in Motion (ASIM) and the Alabama Math Science Technology Initiative (AMSTI). Certified AMSTI teachers attend summer professional development workshops taught by ASIM and AMSTI specialists to learn to use NICE modules. During the school year, the specialists in turn deliver the needed equipment to conduct NICE classroom exercises and serve as an in-classroom resource for teachers and their students. Scientists are partnered with learning and teaching specialists and lead teachers to implement and test efficacy of instructional materials, models, and NASA data used in classroom. The assessment by professional evaluators after the development of the modules and the training of teachers indicates that the modules are complete, clear, and user-friendly. The overall teacher satisfaction from the teacher training was 4.88/5.00. After completing the module teacher training, the teachers reported a strong agreement that the content developed in the NICE modules should be included in the Alabama secondary curriculum. Eventually, the NICE program has the potential to reach over 200,000 students when the modules are fully implemented in every school in the state of Alabama. The project can give these students access to expertise and equipment, thereby strengthening the connections between the universities, state education administrators, and the community.

Lee, M.; Mitra, C.; Percival, E.; Thomas, A.; Lucy, T.; Hickman, E.; Cox, J.; Chaudhury, S. R.; Rodger, C.

2013-12-01

439

Ground-water resources of the Coosa River basin in Georgia and Alabama; Subarea 6 of the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint and Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa river basins  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Drought conditions in the 1980's focused attention on the multiple uses of the surface- and ground-water resources in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) and Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa (ACT) River basins in Georgia, Alabama, and Florida. State and Federal agencies also have proposed projects that would require additional water resources and revise operating practices within the river basins. The existing and proposed water projects create conflicting demands for water by the States and emphasize the problem of water-resource allocation. This study was initiated to describe ground-water availability in the Coosa River basin of Georgia and Alabama, Subarea 6 of the ACF and ACT River basins, and estimate the possible effects of increased ground-water use within the basin. Subarea 6 encompasses about 10,060 square miles in Georgia and Alabama, totaling all but about 100 mi2 of the total area of the Coosa River basin; the remainder of the basin is in Tennessee. Subarea 6 encompasses parts of the Piedmont, Blue Ridge, Cumberland Plateau, Valley and Ridge, and Coastal Plain physiographic provinces. The major rivers of the subarea are the Oostanaula, Etowah, and Coosa. The Etowah and Oostanaula join in Floyd County, Ga., to form the Coosa River. The Coosa River flows southwestward and joins with the Tallapoosa River near Wetumpka, Ala., to form the Alabama River. The Piedmont and Blue Ridge Provinces are underlain by a two-component aquifer system that is composed of a fractured, crystalline-rock aquifer characterized by little or no primary porosity or permeability; and the overlying regolith, which generally behaves as a porous-media aquifer. The Valley and Ridge and Cumberland Plateau Provinces are underlain by fracture- and solution-conduit aquifer systems, similar in some ways to those in the Piedmont and Blue Ridge Provinces. Fracture-conduit aquifers predominate in the well-consolidated sandstones and shales of Paleozoic age; solution-conduit aquifers predominate in the carbonate rocks of Paleozoic age. The Coastal Plain is underlain by southward-dipping, poorly consolidated deposits of sand, gravel, and clay of fluvial and marine origin. The conceptual model described for this study qualitatively subdivides the ground-water flow system into local (shallow), intermediate, and regional (deep) flow regimes. Ground-water discharge to tributaries mainly is from local and intermediate flow regimes and varies seasonally. The regional flow regime probably approximates steady-state conditions and discharges chiefly to major drains such as the Coosa River, and in upstream areas, to the Etowah and Oostanaula Rivers. Ground-water discharge to major drains originates from all flow regimes. Mean-annual ground-water discharge to streams (baseflow) is considered to approximate the long-term, average recharge to ground water. The mean-annual baseflow was estimated using an automated hydrograph-separation method, and represents discharge from the local, intermediate, and regional flow regimes of the ground-water flow system. Mean-annual baseflow in Georgia was estimated to be about 4,000 cubic feet per second (ft3/s) (from the headwaters to the Georgia-Alabama State Line), 5,360 ft3/s in Alabama, and 9,960 ft3/s for all of Subarea 6 (at the Subarea 7-Subarea 8 boundary). Mean annual baseflow represented about 60 percent of total mean-annual stream discharge for the period of record. Stream discharge for selected sites on the Coosa River and its tributaries were compiled for the years 1941, 1954, and 1986, during which sustained droughts occurred throughout most of the ACF-ACT area. Stream discharges were assumed to be sustained entirely by baseflow during the latter periods of these droughts. Estimated baseflow near the end of the individual drought years ranged from about 11 to 27 percent of the estimated mean-annual baseflow in Subarea 6. The potential exists for the development of ground-water resources on a regional scale throughout Su

Robinson, James L.; Journey, Celeste A.; Atkins, J. Brian

1997-01-01

440

Ground-water resources of the Tallapoosa River basin in Georgia and Alabama - Subarea 5 of the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint and Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa river basins  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Drought conditions in the 1980's focused attention on the multiple uses of the surface- and ground-water resources in the Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACT) and Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa (ACT) River basins in Georgia, Alabama, and Florida. State and Federal agencies also have proposed projects that would require additional water resources and revise operating practices within the river basins. The existing and proposed water projects create conflicting demands for water by the States and emphasize the problem of water-resource allocation. This study was initiated to describe ground-water availability in the Tallapoosa River basin of Georgia and Alabama, Subarea 5 of the ACF and ACT River basins, and to estimate the possible effects of increased ground-water use within the basin. Subarea 5 encompasses about 4,675 square miles (mi2) in Georgia and Alabama and contains parts of the Piedmont and Coastal Plain physiographic provinces. The Piedmont Province is underlain by a two-component aquifer system that is composed of a fractured, crystalline-rock aquifer and the overlying porous-media regolith aquifer. The Coastal Plain is underlain by a porous-media aquifer formed from the poorly consolidated deposits of sand, gravel, and clay. The conceptual model described for this study qualitatively subdivides the ground-water flow system into local (shallow), intermediate, and regional (deep) flow regimes. Ground-water discharge to tributaries mainly is from local and intermediate flow regimes and varies seasonally. The regional flow regime probably approximates steady-state conditions and discharges chiefly to major drains such as the Tallapoosa River, and in upstream areas, also to the Little Tallapoosa River and the Tallapoosa River. Ground-water discharge to major drains originates from all flow regimes. Mean-annual ground-water discharge to steams (baseflow) is considered to approximate the long-term, average recharge to ground water. The mean-annual baseflow was estimated using an automated hydrograph- separation method, and represents discharge from the local, intermediate, and regional flow regimes of the ground- water flow system. Mean-annual baseflow in Georgia was estimated to be 534 cubic feet per second (from the headwaters to the Georgia-Alabama State line), 3,250 ft3/s in Alabama, and 3,780 ft3/s for all of Subarea 5 (at the Subarea 5-Subarea 8 boundary). Stream discharge for selected sites on the Tallapoosa River and its tributaries were compiled for the years 1941, 1954, and 1986, during which sustained droughts occurred throughout most of the ACF-ACT area. Stream discharges were assumed to be sustained entirely by baseflow during the latter periods of these droughts. Estimated stream discharges near the end of the 1941, 1954, and 1986 drought years were 48, 15, and 85 ft3/s, respectively, at the Georgia-Alabama State line; and 481 , 126, and 448 ft3/s, respectively, at the mouth of the Tallapoosa River. Estimated baseflow near the end of the individual drought years was about 9 percent of the estimated mean-annual baseflow in Subarea 5. The potential exists for the development of ground-water resources on a regional scale throughout Subarea 5. Estimated ground-water use in 1990 was less than 1 percent of the estimated mean-annual baseflow, and about 6 percent of baseflow during the droughts of 1941, 1954, and 1986. Because ground-water use in Subarea 5 represents a relatively minor percentage of ground-water recharge, even a large increase in ground-water use in Subarea 5 in one State is likely to have little effect on ground-water and surface-water occurrence in the other. Indications of long-term ground-water levels declines were not observed; however, the number and distribution of observation wells for which long-term water-level measurements are available in Subarea 5 are insufficient to draw conclusions.

Journey, Celeste A.; Atkins, J. Brian

1997-01-01

441

Cancer Centers  

Cancer.gov

CANCER CENTERS Cancer Centers serves as a resource to bring together a highly trained group of scientists and physicians; patients and their families; and financial and other resources to combat cancer. Cancer centers allow scientists and physicians

442

Operating and Managing a Backup Control Center  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Due to the criticality of continuous mission operations, some control centers must plan for alternate locations in the event an emergency shuts down the primary control center. Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston, Texas is the Mission Control Center (MCC) for the International Space Station (ISS). Due to Houston s proximity to the Gulf of Mexico, JSC is prone to threats from hurricanes which could cause flooding, wind damage, and electrical outages to the buildings supporting the MCC. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has the capability to be the Backup Control Center for the ISS if the situation is needed. While the MSFC Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) does house the BCC, the prime customer and operator of the ISS is still the JSC flight operations team. To satisfy the customer and maintain continuous mission operations, the BCC has critical infrastructure that hosts ISS ground systems and flight operations equipment that mirrors the prime mission control facility. However, a complete duplicate of Mission Control Center in another remote location is very expensive to recreate. The HOSC has infrastructure and services that MCC utilized for its backup control center to reduce the costs of a somewhat redundant service. While labor talents are equivalent, experiences are not. Certain operations are maintained in a redundant mode, while others are simply maintained as single string with adequate sparing levels of equipment. Personnel at the BCC facility must be trained and certified to an adequate level on primary MCC systems. Negotiations with the customer were done to match requirements with existing capabilities, and to prioritize resources for appropriate level of service. Because some of these systems are shared, an activation of the backup control center will cause a suspension of scheduled HOSC activities that may share resources needed by the BCC. For example, the MCC is monitoring a hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico. As the threat to MCC increases, HOSC must begin a phased activation of the BCC, while working resource conflicts with normal HOSC activities. In a long duration outage to the MCC, this could cause serious impacts to the BCC host facility s primary mission support activities. This management of a BCC is worked based on customer expectations and negotiations done before emergencies occur. I.

Marsh, Angela L.; Pirani, Joseph L.; Bornas, Nicholas

2010-01-01

443

Cancer Centers Program - Cancer Centers List  

Cancer.gov

Cancer Centers Program - Cancer Centers List Map of Cancer Centers Center Addresses(text file) Cancer Center Profiles Benchmark Data Home > Cancer Centers > Cancer Centers List Cancer Centers List View By: Name | State | State Map

444

77 FR 63856 - Eastern States: Filing of Plats of Survey  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...States, Branch of Cadastral Survey. The lands surveyed are: Huntsville Meridian, Alabama T. 18 S., R 7 E. The plat of survey...remonumentation of the corner of Sections 22, 23, 26, and 27, of the Huntsville Meridian, in the State of Alabama, and was accepted...

2012-10-17

445

Microbial uropathogens and their antibiotic resistance profile from hospitalized patients in Central Alabama.  

PubMed

Urinary tract infections remain a common problem in inpatient care. They are highly challenging to provide effective initial therapy without sensitivity data. The purpose of this study was to survey the uropathogens and their sensitivity profile at a hospital in Central Alabama and to guide experiential antibiotic selection. This was the first reported study on bacterial uropathogens and their antibiotic resistance profile at this Central Alabama hospital. The survey period was between July 2009 and June 2010, a total of 473 urine cultures were reviewed and susceptibility testing was determined using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) microdilution method. The results indicated that Escherichia coli (45.5%) was the most common organism, followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (18.2%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (10.1%), Proteus mirabilis (7.8%), Enterobacter cloacae (4.2%), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (3.0%), Klebsiella oxytoca and Citrobacter freundii (1.5%), Morganella morganii (1.3%), and the other species (7.0%). For the 215 E. coli isolates, imipenem and cephalosporins (except for cefazolin) had the highest sensitivity (99-100%, P < 0.05). In contrast, ampicillin had the highest resistance (57%, P < 0.05) as compared to other antibiotics (about 30%) including ampicillin/ sulbactam, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, tetracycline, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. The major finding of this study was that ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole had comparable sensitivity patterns for Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, and Enterobacter cloacae, the most common uropathogens at this Central Alabama hospital. Additionally, this study found that E. coli had a resistant rate of 31% to ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin compared to the resistance rate of 28.4% and 15.8% in earlier reports (Lee et al. 2010; Rattanaumpawan et al. 2010), likely indicating the continuing evolution of resistance due to antibiotic exposure. It is imperative to monitor the resistance of P. aeruginosa considering their high resistance to imipenem found in this study. PMID:23330509

Qian, Li; Camara, Tracy; Taylor, J Kyle; Jones, Kathy W

2012-01-01

446

The North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array: Recent Severe Storm Observations and Future Prospects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array became operational in November 2001 as a principal component of a severe weather test bed to infuse new science and technology into the short-term forecasting of severe and hazardous weather, principally within nearby National Weather Service forecast offices. Since the installation of the LMA, it has measured the total lightning activity of a large number of severe weather events, including three supercell tornado outbreaks, two supercell hailstorm events, and numerous microburst-producing storms and ordinary non-severe thunderstorms. The key components of evolving storm morphology examined are the time rate-of-change (temporal trending) of storm convective and precipitation characteristics that can be diagnosed in real-time using NEXRAD WSR-88D Doppler radar (echo growth and decay, precipitation structures and velocity features, outflow boundaries), LMA (total lightning flash rate and its trend) and National Lightning Detection Network (cloud-to- ground lightning, its polarity and trends). For example, in a transitional season supercell tornado outbreak, peak total flash rates for typical supercells in Tennessee reached 70-100/min, and increases in the total flash rate occurred during storm intensification as much as 20-25 min prior to at least some of the tornadoes. The most intense total flash rate measured during this outbreak (over 800 flashes/min) occurred in a storm in Alabama. In the case of a severe summertime pulse thunderstorm in North Alabama, the peak total flash rate reached 300/min, with a strong increase in total lightning evident some 9 min before damaging winds were observed at the surface. In this paper we provide a sampling of LMA observations and products during severe weather events to illustrate the capability of the system, and discuss the prospects for improving the short-term forecasting of convective weather using total lightning data.

Goodman, S. J.; Blakeslee, R.; Christian, H.; Koshak, W.; Bailey, J.; Hall, J.; McCaul, E.; Buechler, D.; Darden, C.; Burks, J.

2004-01-01

447

Characterization and geochemistry of Devonian oil shale North Alabama - South Central Tennessee  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Based on the physical and chemical data obtained to date, the Devonian oil shale rock of north Alabama and south-central Tennessee appears to offer an attractive potential for future resource development. The shale rock appears to have formed in a restrictive marine environment which provided opportunity for the accumulation of marine organic matter to form sufficient kerogen. The shale contains approximately 18% to 22% organic matter which is primarily kerogen. The kerogen has a relatively high H:C ratio indicative of an alginite and/or exinite source (Type 1 and Type II kerogen) and a high proportion of alkane and saturated ring hydrocarbons. However, a few samples have low H:C ratio values and are interpreted to have been formed in a shallow water oxidizing environment. Also, there is a possibility that these low H:C values may represent mixtures of terrestrial and marine organic material suggesting lateral facies changes of the rock from marine to near shore depositional environments. Trace metal values for both the whole rock and the shale oil fraction indicate a generally high V:Ni ratio, also indicative of a marine environment. Other trace metal values are in good agreement with data from other Devonian shales. Throughout the north Alabama and south-central Tennessee study area, the average oil yield from the shale is 13.9 gallon per ton. The highest oil yield values were obtained from the middle and upper parts of the shale sequence. Based on the crude oil composition diagram (11), the Alabama-Tennessee shale oil is classified as a aromatic-intermediate oil Estimated reserves of inplace shale oil resources in the principal study area, under less than 200 feet of overburden, exceeds 12.5 billion barrels.

Rheams, K.F.; Neathery, T.L.

1984-01-01

448

Evaluation of Skills Needed in College Education by Colleges of Agriculture Alumni from 1862 and 1890 Land Grant Universities in Alabama and Tennessee  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine college skills Alumni from 1862 and 1890 Land-Grant universities in Alabama and Tennessee rated as essential to acquire in their college education. The data are from a survey of colleges of agriculture alumni who graduated from six land-grant universities in Alabama and Tennessee. IBM SPSS Statistical…

Zekeri, Andrew A.; Baba, Pauline A.

2014-01-01

449

Remote sensing of strippable coal reserves and mine inventory in part of the Warrior Coal Field in Alabama  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Methods by which estimates of the remaining reserves of strippable coal in Alabama could be made were developed. Information acquired from NASA's Earth Resources Office was used to analyze and map existing surface mines in a four-quadrangle area in west central Alabama. Using this information and traditional methods for mapping coal reserves, an estimate of remaining strippable reserves was derived. Techniques for the computer analysis of remotely sensed data and other types of available coal data were developed to produce an estimate of strippable coal reserves for a second four-quadrangle area. Both areas lie in the Warrior coal field, the most prolific and active of Alabama's coal fields. They were chosen because of the amount and type of coal mining in the area, their location relative to urban areas, and the amount and availability of base data necessary for this type of study.

Joiner, T. J.; Copeland, C. W., Jr.; Russell, D. D.; Evans, F. E., Jr.; Sapp, C. D.; Boone, P. A.

1978-01-01

450

Analysis of Summer Thunderstorms in Central Alabama Using the NASA Land Information System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Forecasters have difficulty predicting "random" afternoon thunderstorms during the summer months. Differences in soil characteristics could be a contributing factor for storms. The NASA Land Information System (LIS) may assist forecasters in predicting summer convection by identifying boundaries in land characteristics. This project identified case dates during the summer of 2009 by analyzing synoptic weather maps, radar, and satellite data to look for weak atmospheric forcing and disorganized convective development. Boundaries in land characteristics that may have lead to convective initiation in central Alabama were then identified using LIS.

James, Robert; Case, Jonathan; Molthan, Andrew; Jedloved, Gary

2010-01-01

451

Benthic foraminiferal census data from Mobile Bay, Alabama--counts of surface samples and box cores  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A study was undertaken in order to understand recent environmental change in Mobile Bay, Alabama. For this study a series of surface sediment and box core samples was collected. The surface benthic foraminiferal data provide the modern baseline conditions of the bay and can be used as a reference for changing paleoenvironmental parameters recorded in the box cores. The 14 sampling locations were chosen in the bay to cover the wide diversity of fluvial and marine-influenced environments on both sides of the shipping channel.

Richwine, Kathryn A.; Osterman, Lisa E.

2012-01-01

452

Biological and geochemical data of gravity cores from Mobile Bay, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A study was conducted to understand the marine-influenced environments of Mobile Bay, Alabama, by collecting a series of box cores and gravity cores. One gravity core in particular demonstrates a long reference for changing paleoenvironmental parameters in Mobile Bay. Due to lack of abundance of foraminifers and (or) lack of diversity, the benthic foraminiferal data for two of the three gravity cores are not included in the results. The benthic foraminiferal data collected and geochemical analyses in this study provide a baseline for recent changes in the bay.

Richwine, Kathryn A.; Marot, Marci; Smith, Christopher G.; Osterman, Lisa E.; Adams, C. Scott

2013-01-01

453

Geohydrology and susceptibility of major aquifers to surface contamination in Alabama; area 2  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The major aquifers in the study area (Blount, Cherokee, DeKalb, Etowah, Jackson, and Marshall Counties in northern Alabama) are the Knox-Shady, Tuscumbia-Fort Payne, and Pottsville aquifers. These aquifers are sources of public water supply and are recharged in each of the six counties. Major aquifers are susceptible to contamination from the surface throughout their recharge areas. In addition, water in these aquifers is highly susceptible to contamination in general topographic settings such as poorly drained areas and in areas where specific features such as sinkholes occur. (USGS)

Bossong, C.R.

1989-01-01

454

Delineation of geological problems for use in urban planning. [in Alabama using remote sensors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Activities of the University of Alabama in support of state and local planning commissions are reported. Demonstrations were given of the various types of remotely sensed images available from U-2, Skylab, and LANDSAT; and their uses and limitations were discussed. Techniques to be used in determining flood prone areas were provided for environmental studies. A rapid, inexpensive method for study was developed by which imagery is copied on 35 mm film and projected on existing topographic maps for measuring delta volume and growth.

Hughes, T. H.; Bloss, P.; Fambrough, R.; Stow, S. H.; Hooks, W. G.; Freehafer, D.; Sutley, D.

1976-01-01

455

Potentiometric surface of the Miocene-Pliocene aquifer system of Baldwin County, Alabama, 1995  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Baldwin County, the fastest growing county in Alabama in 1995, is 100-percent dependent on ground water for public water supply. Ground-water withdrawals in Baldwin County were estimated to be about 7 million gallons per day in 1996, 12 million gallons per day in 1980, and 30 gallons per day in 1990. The effects of future increases in ground-water withdrawals, to supply the needs of the growing county population, cannot be assessed without defining baseline conditions. To address the future of ground-water development, the Baldwin County Commission requested the USGS to perform a study of the ground-water resources of Baldwin County.

Robinson, James L.; Moreland, Richard S.; Clark, Amy E.

1996-01-01

456

Diagenesis of Upper Jurassic Norphlet Formation, Mobile and Baldwin Counties and offshore Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The Upper Jurassic Norphlet Formation is an important deep gas reservoir in Mobile and Baldwin Counties and offshore Alabama. The producing reservoir consists of a well-sorted fine-grained subarkose to arkose. Sedimentological studies indicate this unit was deposited on a broad desert plain in environments ranging from eolian dune and interdune to wadi and beach-shoreface. Diagenetic minerals comprise from 5 to 20% of the bulk volume of the sandstone. Porosity ranges from less than 3% to more than 25% and averages around 10%. Most of the porosity consists of hybrid solution-enlarged intergranular and intragranular pores resulting from the dissolution of cements, framework grains, and grain replacements.

Vaughan, R.L. Jr.; Benson, D.J.

1988-09-01

457

Subaqueous evaporites of Buckner member, Haynesville Formation, northeastern Mobile County, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The lower part of the Buckner anhydrite member of the Haynesville Formation (Upper Jurassic) was deposited as shallowing upward cycles of subaqueous to subaerial deposits on the north flank of the Wiggins arch in northeastern Mobile County, Alabama. The unit studied conformably overlies the Smackover Formation and is generally evaporite dominated. The Buckner anhydrite averages about 35 m (115 ft) thick and has been buried to depths of 5.5 km (> 18,000 ft). Despite this deep burial, the unit has suffered little deformation since alteration of gypsum to anhydrite.

Mann, S.D.

1988-09-01

458

Arthrophycus in the Silurian of Alabama (USA) and the problem of compound trace fossils  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Arthrophycus brongniartii (Harlan, 1832) is common in marginal-marine deposits in the Silurian Red Mountain Formation of Alabama. The ichnospecies, the second to be named in North America, is revived and emended after long disuse. Transitional forms to Rusophycus isp. and other morphologic evidence indicate that the maker of Arthrophycus was an arthropod, perhaps a trinucleine (raphiophorid?) trilobite. Interconnection of Arthrophycus and Nereites biserialis, as well as intergradation of Arthrophycus with Cruziana aff. quadrata, Phycodes flabellum, and Asterosoma ludwigae, indicate that these Red Mountain trace fossils were made by the same species of arthropod. Possible relationships with Arthrophycus alleghaniensis (Harlan, 1831) in the Silurian belt from Ontario to Tennessee are also explored. Ichnofamily Arthrophycidae Schimper, 1879 is emended. The ichnofamily is interpreted as chiefly the work of arthropods. Arthrophycus and other trace fossils from the Silurian of Alabama constitute a test case to build criteria for recognizing the members of complexes of trace fossils. In general, criteria such as interconnection of different forms, intergradation among unconnected forms, similarity of size, similarity of morphologic elements, and co-occurrence should be examined in order to determine the biologic and ethologic interrelationships of trace fossils. ?? 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Rindsberg, A.K.; Martin, A.J.

2003-01-01

459

Thirty Thousand Years of Vegetation Changes in the Alabama Hills, Owens Valley, California  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Twenty packrat ( Neotoma) middens recovered from three sites (1265-1535 m) in the Alabama Hills, Inyo County, California, provide a ca. 31,450-yr record of vegetation change. Located ca. 7 km east of the Sierra Nevada, the middens document that Utah juniper ( Juniperus osteosperma), Joshua tree ( Yucca brevifolia), and bitterbush ( Purshia tridentata) occupied the site between 31,450 and 19,070 yr B.P. Joshua tree and bitterbush departed by ca. 17,760 yr B.P., with cliffrose ( Purshia mexicana) and joint-fir ( Ephedra viridis) appearing. By 13,350 yr B.P., blackbush ( Coleogyne ramosissima) and cholla ( Opuntia echinocarpa) entered the record. Between 9540 and 7990 yr B.P., Utah juniper and other species now extralocal to the sites departed and modern components such as wolfberry ( Lycium andersonii) and rubber rabbitbrush ( Chrysothamnus teretifolius) appeared. The middle Holocene records little variation in plant macrofossil composition; however, pollen analysis reflects an increase in aquatic pollen types which might suggest more-open conditions. The transition to the modern vegetation associations at the sites occurred after ca. 2800 yr B.P. The record from the Alabama Hills correlates well with that of other regional vegetation data but documents conditions of increasing aridity earlier than many other packrat midden sites. A shift in understory vegetation between 19,070 and 17,760 yr B.P. may reflect a transition from glacial maximum to post-maximum conditions in the eastern Sierra Nevada.

Koehler, Peter A.; Anderson, R. Scott

1995-03-01

460

Radioisotopic data of sediment collected in Mobile and Bon Secour Bays, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The focus of this study was to determine the extent of natural and (or) anthropogenic impacts on the sedimentary records of Mobile and Bon Secour Bays, Alabama during the last 150 years. These bays are unique in that anthropogenic activities are generally widespread and span both the eastern and western shorelines. However, there is a clear distinction in the types of human development and infrastructure between the western and eastern shorelines. These activities and the differences in land-use and -change influence the overall supply and remobilization of sediment to and within the bay. These factors could subsequently threaten the health and integrity of these environments and their ability to mitigate against long-term processes associated with climate change. In an attempt to characterize long-term accretion rates within the Mobile Bay Estuarine System (MBES), seven box cores were collected and analyzed for excess lead-210 (210Pbxs, the difference between total and supported 210Pb) and cesium-137 (137Cs) activities. The MBES receives sediment and water from the Alabama and Tombigbee River watersheds, which converge into the Mobile-Tensaw River (MTR) system just prior to discharging into Mobile Bay. Riverine discharge from the MTR system to the bay is second only to the Mississippi River discharge to the Gulf of Mexico for the conterminous United States.

Marot, Marci E.; Smith, Christopher G.

2012-01-01

461

Three new percid fishes (Percidae: Percina) from the Mobile Basin drainage of Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Three new species of Percina are described from upland drainages of the Mobile Basin. Two of the three species are narrowly distributed: P. kusha, the Bridled Darter, is currently known only from the Conasauga River drainage in Georgia and Tennessee and Etowah River drainage in Georgia, both tributaries of the Coosa River, and P. sipsi, the Bankhead Darter, which is restricted to tributaries of Sipsey Fork of the Black Warrior River in northwestern Alabama. The third species, P. smithvanizi, the Muscadine Darter, occurs above the Fall Line in the Tallapoosa River drainage in eastern Alabama and western Georgia. In a molecular analysis using mitochondrial cytochrome b sequence data, P. kusha and P. smithvanizi were recovered as sister species, while Percina sipsi was recovered in a clade consisting of P. aurolineata (P. sciera + P. sipsi). Two of the three species, P. kusha and P. sipsi, are considered to be imperiled species and are in need of conservation actions to prevent their extinction. Description of these three darters increases the number of described species of Percina to 44. Sixteen are known to occur in the Mobile Basin, including nine that are endemic. Copyright ?? 2007 Magnolia Press.

Williams, J.D.; Neely, D.A.; Walsh, S.J.; Burkhead, N.M.

2007-01-01

462

Carbon monoxide poisonings after two major hurricanes--Alabama and Texas, August-October 2005.  

PubMed

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita struck the U.S. Gulf Coast on August 29, 2005, and September 24, 2005, respectively, causing widespread damage and leaving approximately 4 million households without electrical power. Despite public health measures to prevent carbon monoxide (CO) poisonings after major power outages, multiple CO poisonings were reported in Gulf Coast states in the wake of these hurricanes. The Alabama Department of Public Health and Texas Department of State Health Services asked CDC to assist in investigating the extent and causes of these hurricane-related CO poisonings. The investigation identified 27 incidents of CO poisoning resulting in 78 nonfatal cases and 10 deaths in hurricane-affected counties in Alabama and Texas, nearly all of which were caused by gasoline-powered generators. Most of the generators involved were placed outside but close to the home to power window air conditioners (ACs) or connect to central electric panels. Few homes had functioning CO detectors. CDC continues to recommend that generators be placed far from homes, away from window ACs, and that CO detectors be used by all households operating gasoline-powered appliances (e.g., generators and gas furnaces), with batteries replaced yearly. Although the risk for CO poisoning likely decreases as generators are placed further from the home, additional studies are needed to establish a safe distance for generator placement. PMID:16528230

2006-03-10

463

Living will status and desire for living will help among rural Alabama veterans.  

PubMed

The purpose of this secondary analysis of data from an earlier intervention study to increase Veterans Administration health care enrollment in rural Alabama veterans was to determine the veterans' living will status, desire for help completing a living will, and relationships between these and demographic, health insurance, health self-report, cumulative illness, disability, and trust characteristics. Baseline data for 201 rural Alabama veterans were extracted from the larger study. Chi-square and t tests were used to analyze group differences in categorical and continuous variables. Logistic regression models were used to determine multivariate associations of variables with living will status and desire for help. Only 13% of participants had living wills. Of those without living wills, 40% expressed a desire for help completing a living will. African Americans were less likely to have living wills than were Caucasians. Participants with more than high school education were more likely to desire help completing living wills than were those with less education. With the exception of moderate-severe respiratory illness, moderate-severe illness was not associated with having a living will. With the exception of moderate-severe vascular illness, moderate-severe illness was not associated with desire for help completing a living will. The racial and educational disparities in living will status and desire for help and the number of participants who desired help completing a living will suggests a need for action to increase advance care planning among rural veterans. PMID:25156143

Mahaney-Price, Ann F; Hilgeman, Michelle M; Davis, Lori L; McNeal, Sandre F; Conner, Charles M; Allen, Rebecca S

2014-10-01

464

The North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array: Recent Results and Future Prospects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The North Alabama Lightning Mapping Array became operational in November 2001 as a principal component of a severe weather test bed to infuse new science and technologies into the short-term forecasting of severe and hazardous weather and the warning decision-making process. The LMA project is a collaboration among NASA scientists, National Weather Service (NWS) weather forecast offices (WFOs), emergency managers, and other partners. The time rate-of-change of storm characteristics and life-cycle trending are accomplished in real-time through the second generation Lightning Imaging Sensor Data Applications Display (LISDAD II) system, initially developed in T997 through a collaboration among NASA/MSFC, MIT/Lincoln Lab and the Melbourne, FL WFO. LISDAD II is now a distributed decision support system with a JAVA-based display application that allows anyone, anywhere to track individual storm histories within the Tennessee Valley region of the southeastern U.S. Since the inauguration of the LMA there has been an abundance of severe weather. During 23-24 November 2001, a major tornado outbreak was monitored by LMA in its first data acquisition effort (36 tornadoes in Alabama). Since that time the LMA has collected a vast amount of data on hailstorms and damaging wind events, non-tornadic supercells, and ordinary non-severe thunderstorms. In this paper we provide an overview of LMA observations and discuss future prospects for improving the short-term forecasting of convective weather.

Goodman, S. J.; Blakeslee, R.; Christian, H.; Boccippio, D.; Koshak, W.; Bailey, J.; Hall, J.; Bateman, M.; McCaul, E.; Buechler, D.

2002-01-01

465

Economic-environmental modeling of point source pollution in Jefferson County, Alabama, USA.  

PubMed

This paper uses an integrated economic-environmental model to assess the point source pollution from major industries in Jefferson County, Northern Alabama. Industrial expansion generates employment, income, and tax revenue for the public sector; however, it is also often associated with the discharge of chemical pollutants. Jefferson County is one of the largest industrial counties in Alabama that experienced smog warnings and ambient ozone concentration, 1996-1999. Past studies of chemical discharge from industries have used models to assess the pollution impact of individual plants. This study, however, uses an extended Input-Output (I-O) economic model with pollution emission coefficients to assess direct and indirect pollutant emission for several major industries in Jefferson County. The major findings of the study are: (a) the principal emission by the selected industries are volatile organic compounds (VOC) and these contribute to the ambient ozone concentration; (b) the direct and indirect emissions are significantly higher than the direct emission by some industries, indicating that an isolated analysis will underestimate the emission by an industry; (c) while low emission coefficient industries may suggest industry choice they may also emit the most hazardous chemicals. This study is limited by the assumptions made, and the data availability, however it provides a useful analytical tool for direct and cumulative emission estimation and generates insights on the complexity in choice of industries. PMID:12173425

Kebede, Ellene; Schreiner, Dean F; Huluka, Gobena

2002-05-01

466

Assessing American black bear habitat in the Mobile-Tensaw Delta of southwestern Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

American black bears (Ursus americanus) have been extirpated from all but a few areas in southwestern Alabama, and the remaining habitat is being rapidly lost to development. Remnant bear populations exist near extensive (> 125,000 ha) bottomland hardwood forests in the Mobile-Tensaw Delta (MTD), but those bottomland areas are rarely used by bears. Reintroduction of black bears to the MTD may improve viability of the remaining bear populations in southwestern Alabama. To evaluate the suitability of this area for bears, we compared habitat conditions at the MTD with similar alluvial habitats at White River National Wildlife Refuge (White River NWR), where bears are numerous. We measured overstory, midstory, and understory vegetation in the MTD and on the North and South management units at White River NWR. We used principal components analysis and principal variable selection to identify 9 variables associated with 5 principal components (hard mast, soft mast, cavity tree availability, large tree availability, and total basal area) that best explained variation among study areas. Differences among the study areas were associated with hard mast, soft mast, and cavity tree availability (P ??? 0.001). Hard and soft mast production in the MTD was lower than at White River NWR, but we believe it was adequate. However, suitable den trees, which may be a critical habitat component given the duration and severity of winter flooding, appeared to be lacking in the MTD.

Hersey, K.R.; Edwards, A.S.; Clark, J.D.

2005-01-01

467

Exploring professional development experiences: Teachers' and facilitators' perceptions of Alabama Science in Motion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teachers are often disillusioned because most of the professional development that they receive is inadequate (Chappuis, Chappuis, & Stiggins, 2009; Borko, 2004). With that in mind, reform efforts have placed attentive measures on the classroom and the way teachers can improve their instructional practices. The purpose of this study was to explore biology and chemistry teachers' and facilitators' perceptions of the Alabama Science in Motion (ASIM) professional development experience. Furthermore, the researcher conducted this study to determine whether or not ASIM had an impact on teachers' classroom instruction. The results of this study were significant in that it allows for policy makers to analyze the effect that the ASIM experience has on reforming and restructuring science education. A mixed-method research design was utilized. Data was gathered from teachers and facilitators via survey and focus group interview responses. The population consisted of teachers who were trained with ASIM modules and facilitators who trained teachers in the area of biology and chemistry. A statistical data analysis was employed using the Pearson r correlation coefficient test (Pearson r). The results of this study revealed that effective professional development has an impact on teachers' classroom instruction. Teachers and facilitators believed that ASIM made them more effective as a teacher and contributed strongly to their students' understanding of biology and chemistry. Moreover, teachers and facilitators believed that the ASIM modules assisted them in the implementation of the standards on the Alabama Course of Study.

Burruss, Linda D.

468

Cancer Centers Program - Cancer Centers List  

Cancer.gov

Cancer Centers Program - Cancer Centers List Map of Cancer Centers Center Addresses(text file) Cancer Center Profiles Benchmark Data Home > Cancer Centers > Region Map Cancer Centers List View By: Name | State | State

469

Triangle Centers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A listing, with description and illustration, of 20th-century triangle centers (including: Schiffler Point, Exeter Point, Parry Point, congruent isoscelizers point, Yff Center of Congruence, isoperimetric point and equal detour point, Ajima-Malfatti Points, Apollonius Point, Morley Centers, Hofstadter Points, and equal parallelians points) and some classical triangle centers (including: centroid, incenter, circumcenter, orthocenter, Fermat Point, nine-point center, symmedian (or Lemoine) point, Gergonne point, Nagel point, Mittenpunkt, Spieker center, Feuerbach point, isodynamic points, and Napoleon points), as well as other references (to print works) and a list of journals that frequently publish items of interest to triangle geometers.

Kimberling, Clark, 1942-

2008-09-22

470

Vet Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Vet Centers) War Related Illness & Injury Study Center Homeless Veterans Returning Service Members Rural Veterans Seniors & Aging Veterans Volunteers Women Veterans Careers, Job Help & Training Find a Job with VA Health Care Jobs (VA Careers) Travel Nurses Get Job ...

471

Issues Related to the Quality of Life in West Alabama. Proceedings and Transcripts of a Public Forum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A public forum on community water quality was conducted by tenth grade students participating in the University of Alabama's Biomedical Sciences Preparatory Program (BioPrep). BioPrep was designed to provide rural high school students with an intensified education concentrating on mathematics, science, communication, rural life, health, and…

Knopke, Harry J., Ed.

472

First report of the cucurbit yellow vine disease caused by Serratia marcescens in watermelon and yellow squash in Alabama  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Symptoms typical of cucurbit yellow vine disease (CYVD) were first observed in a 2 ha watermelon field in Crawford, Russell County, Alabama on 8 June 2010. Watermelon plants, cv. 'Jubilee,' exhibited a yellow or chlorotic appearance and some plants were completely wilted. On 24 June plant samples ...

473

The Law and Higher Education: Where the Action Is! Proceedings of a Conference (Tuscaloosa, Alabama, March 29, 1971).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains 4 addresses given at a conference on higher education and the law in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, and includes 2 supporting documents. The first address: "An Overview of the Interaction," by Richard A. Thigpen, discusses: (1) how constitutional standards are made applicable to public and private institutions of higher education; (2)…

Diener, Thomas J., Ed.

474

A Plan of Action for Selected Health Manpower; A Supplementary Manpower Report to Alabama Comprehensive Health Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fourteen categories of manpower, comprising 75 percent of the total health work force requiring formal training of six months or more in Alabama, are studied in this preliminary report. They are physicians, dentists, optometrists, pharmacists, medical technologists, certified laboratory assistants, sanitarians, medical records clerks, radiologic…

Alabama State Dept. of Public Health, Montgomery. Comprehensive Health Planning Administration.

475

The UA and the University of South Alabama bring together international researchers in marine ecosystems at the CIMAR  

E-print Network

a course on marine ecosystem research at the Marine Research Centre in Santa Pola (CIMAR) from now until 14The UA and the University of South Alabama bring together international researchers in marine ecosystems at the CIMAR Academic staff and postgraduate students from both universities are participating

Escolano, Francisco

476

Dietary patterns and diet quality among diverse older adults: The University of Alabama at Birmingham study of aging  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Objectives: To characterize dietary patterns among a diverse sample of older adults (= 65 years). Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Five counties in west central Alabama. Participants: Community-dwelling Medicare beneficiaries (N=416; 76.8 ± 5.2 years, 56% female, 39% African American) in the Univer...

477

Biostratigraphic, chronostratigraphic, and stratigraphic sequence analysis of Lower Tertiary marine sediments of Alabama for indicators of sea-level change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Early Eocene to late Oligocene marine sedimentary units in southwestern Alabama were sampled at closely spaced intervals to derive a precise time-stratigraphic framework and to determine the paleoecological and mineralogical responses to fluctuations in sea level. Paleontologic control consisted of planktonic, smaller and larger benthonic foraminifera, calcareous nannofossils, dinoflagellates, and megafossils. Paleomagnetic reversals were delineated in two boreholes which, when

P. R. Thompson; G. R. Baum

1991-01-01

478

Summer Enrichment Workshop (SEW): A Quality Component of the University of Alabama's Gifted Education Preservice Training Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summer Enrichment Workshop (SEW) is a clinical experience in the teacher preservice training program for gifted and talented (GT) master's degree interns at the University of Alabama. This mixed design study investigated the effects of the SEW clinical experience on interns' preparation to teach. Quantitative analysis demonstrated a statistically…

Newman, Jane L.; Gregg, Madeleine; Dantzler, John

2009-01-01

479

Influence of salinity and temperature on the growth and production of a freshwater mayfly in the Lower Mobile River, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Secondary production of the burrowing mayfly, Hexagenia limbata, was quantified from four sites differing in seasonal salinity within the Lower Mobile River, Alabama, from October 1995 to September 1996. This population was univoltine, with emergence occurring from late May through early August. Comparisons with other populations of this species showed latitudinal trends suggesting that summer temperatures may exceed an upper

Michael A. Chadwick; Jack W. Feminella

2001-01-01

480

Agriscience Technology Education. Preparing for Careers in Agricultural Science, Business, and Technology. Alabama Course of Study. Bulletin 1996, No. 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, which is intended for classroom teachers, supervisors, and administrators in Alabama, contains the minimum required content (core program) for public school instruction in agriscience technology in grades 7-12. Presented first are the following: introduction examining the mission, purpose, goals, and structure of agriscience technology…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

481

The Major Elements of a Plan for the Administration and Supervision of Secondary Vocational Trade and Industrial Education in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine and develop the elements of an organizational plan for the administration and supervision of secondary vocational trade and industrial education. The study included a survey of pertinent literature, including the Smith-Hughes Act, the provisions of Public Law 88-210, and the Alabama State Plan for…

Hulsey, Mardis Oliver

482

Go to: https://www.geographicsolutions.com/clients_listing.asp?state=AL Click on Alabama's Comprehensive Labor Market Information System  

E-print Network

ALABAMA · Go to: https://www.geographicsolutions.com/clients_listing.asp?state=AL · Click ALASKA · Go to: https://www.geographicsolutions.com/clients_listing.asp?state=AK · Click on The Alaska · Go to: https://www.geographicsolutions.com/clients_listing.asp?state=AZ · Click on Arizona Workforce

483

Comparing Children's Fears in Alabama: An Investigation Using Post-9/11 and Post-Invasion of Iraq Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to investigate the fears of children and adolescents in Alabama in the aftermath of 9/11 and after the initial invasion of Iraq in 2003. The American Fear Survey Schedule for Children (FSSC-AM; Burnham, 1995, 2005) was utilized to measure the fears of youth in Grades 2-12. (Contains 4 tables.)

Burnham, Joy J.

2006-01-01

484

Tick infestations of the eastern cottontail rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus) and small rodentia in northwest Alabama and implications for disease transmission  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies were conducted over a four-county area of northwest Alabama to determine the association of eastern cottontail rabbits with Dermacentor variabilis, the eastern United States vector of Rocky Mountain spotted fever. A secondary objective was to compare infestations of this tick on rabbits with infestations on commonly encountered rodent species as a means of determining the relative importance of each

Joseph C. Cooney; Willy Burgdorfer; Martin K. Painter; Cynthia L. Russell

485

Three-Year Non-Tenure Track Visiting Assistant Professor Position Geophysics -The University of Alabama Department of Geological  

E-print Network

Three-Year Non-Tenure Track Visiting Assistant Professor Position ­ Geophysics - The University of Alabama invites applications for a three-year, non-tenure track visiting faculty position in geophysics geophysical sub-disciplines, preference will be given to candidates who will enhance our existing geophysics

Zheng, Chunmiao

486

Influence of a local source of DDT pollution on statewide DDT residues in waterfowl wings, northern Alabama, 1978-79  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Heavy DDT contamination resulting from a former DDT manufacturing plant in northern Alabama has influenced statewide averages of DDT, DDE, and TDE residues in duck wings tested in the National Pesticide Monitoring Program. In states where contaminant levels in duck wings are high, residue analyses of wings categorized by finer geographic subdivision may be useful in defining the areas of heaviest contamination.

Fleming, W.J.; O'Shea, T.J.

1980-01-01

487

A Multilevel Analysis of Individual, Household, and Neighborhood Correlates of Intimate Partner Violence Among Low-Income Pregnant Women in Jefferson County, Alabama  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined individual, household, and neighborhood correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) before and during pregnancy. Methods. We used multilevel modeling to investigate IPV among 2887 pregnant women in 112 census tracts who sought prenatal care in 8 public clinics in Jefferson County, Alabama, from 1997 through 2001. Data were collected from the Perinatal Emphasis Research Center project, the 2000 Census, and the local Sheriff and Police Departments Uniform Crime Reports for 1997 through 2001. Results. Participants were predominantly young, African American, on Medicaid, and residents of low-income neighborhoods. The prevalence of past-year male partner–perpetrated physical or sexual violence was 7.4%. Neighborhood residential stability, women performing most of the housework (lack of involvement among partners), being unmarried (being in an uncommitted relationship), and alcohol use were positively associated with elevated IPV risk. Significant protective factors for IPV included older age at first vaginal intercourse and a greater sense of mastery (e.g., the perception of oneself as an effective person). Conclusions. Both neighborhood contextual and individual and household compositional effects are associated with IPV among low-income pregnant women. The results imply that combined interventions to improve neighborhood conditions and strengthen families may effectively reduce IPV. PMID:19696385

Kirby, Russell S.; Sigler, Robert T.; Hwang, Sean-Shong; LaGory, Mark E.; Goldenberg, Robert L.

2010-01-01

488

Application and installation quality analysis of residential heat pump equipment in Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Compliance of heat pump installations to Guidelines for Application and Installation of Heat Pump Systems by approved heating, ventilating, and airconditioning (HVAC) contractors has been observed for many years in most regions of the state of Alabama. Since 1964, various programs have been implemented to monitor dealer compliance with common sense criteria to ensure quality heat pump installations that provide for customer comfort, equipment reliability, and economy of operation. This paper discusses a historical overview of these programs. The primary focus is on the summary for programs implemented in 1995 and 1996 to observe and monitor field problems in application and installation of heat pump equipment. An electronically filed customer satisfaction survey form was the basis for the 1995 program. The 1996 program implemented a dealer complaint form to track customer complaints regarding the quality and performance of heat pump equipment installations.

Parker, J.F. [Alabama Power Co., Verbena, AL (United States). Heat Pump Training Center; Johnson, B.W. [Alabama Power Co., Birmingham, AL (United States)

1997-12-31

489

Serosurveillance of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus in Amphibians and Reptiles from Alabama, USA  

PubMed Central

Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) is among the most medically important arboviruses in North America, and studies suggest a role for amphibians and reptiles in its transmission cycle. Serum samples collected from 351 amphibians and reptiles (27 species) from Alabama, USA, were tested for the presence of antibodies against EEEV. Frogs, turtles, and lizards showed little or no seropositivity, and snakes had high seropositivity rates. Most seropositive species were preferred or abundant hosts of Culex spp. mosquitoes at Tuskegee National Forest, that target ectothermic hosts. The cottonmouth, the most abundant ectotherm sampled, displayed a high prevalence of seropositivity, indicating its possible role as an amplification and/or over-wintering reservoir for EEEV. PMID:22403333

Graham, Sean P.; Hassan, Hassan K.; Chapman, Taryn; White, Gregory; Guyer, Craig; Unnasch, Thomas R.

2012-01-01

490

Wind and tidal forcing of a buoyant plume, Mobile Bay, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

AVHRR satellite imagery and in situ observations were combined to study the motion of a buoyant plume at the mouth of Mobile Bay, Alabama. The plume extended up to 30 km from shore, with a thickness of about 1 m. The inner plume, which was 3-8 m thick, moved between the Bay and inner shelf in response to tidal forcing. The tidal prism could be identified through the movement of plume waters between satellite images. The plume responded rapidly to alongshore wind, with sections of the plume moving at speeds of more than 70 cm s-1, about 11% of the wind speed. The plume moved predominantly in the direction of the wind with a weak Ekman drift. The enhanced speed of the plume relative to normal surface drift is probably due to the strong stratification in the plume, which limits the transfer of momentum into the underlying ambient waters. ?? 1993.

Stumpf, R.P.; Gelfenbaum, G.; Pennock, J.R.

1993-01-01

491

The Jack Rabin Collection of Alabama Civil Rights and Southern Activists  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Jack Rabin was a faculty member at a number of institutions during his long academic career, and he was intimately involved with certain aspects of the civil rights movement in the 1960s. During time spent in Alabama he worked with the organizers of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. He also accumulated a tremendous collection of photos and interviews related to this event and others. This online collection from the Pennsylvania State University Libraries brings together many of these documents. Visitors can get started here by watching a historic interview with Stokely Carmichael or watching an excerpt from the Selma March in 1965. Also, visitors are encouraged to search the collection, read a biography of Rabin, and peruse the finding aid.

2012-05-18

492

"The herald of prosperity": tracing the boll weevil myth in Alabama.  

PubMed

As scholars and singers have pointed out in monographs and folk songs, the cotton boll weevil was a devastating force on southern farming and rural life. No symbol is more indicative of this destruction than Enterprise, Alabama's boll weevil monument. This essay examines not how the cotton pest destroyed the region's staple crop, but how women and men across race and class lines understood the beetle's threat and used it to their advantage. The statue, like the countless blues and folk songs about the pest, was a cultural statement that shaped the understanding of the bug itself and its supposed transformation of southern agriculture. By examining the local conditions that gave rise to dramatic, albeit short-lived, crop diversification, and in turn the monument's erection, this essay uncovers the ways in which the boll weevil myth was as important a force on southern life as the long-snouted beetle itself. PMID:21313785

Giesen, James C

2011-01-01

493

Alabama Department of Archives and History: Online Multi-Media Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Over the past few years, the Alabama Department of Archives and History has embarked on an ambitious project to make their public programs available to members of the web-browsing public. This site offers access to these programs, and visitors are welcome to look over the various selections here. Some of the recent programs include "Tecumseh at Tuckabatchee: Fact and Fiction," "My Father, Hank Williams," "The Coming of the Creek War," and "Civil War Pharmacy." Visitors can browse the programs by type from a drop-down menu that includes categories like Children's Activities and Book Talks. The site also contains links to relevant digital and print resources that are available through the Department, along with lists of suggest readings.

2012-02-17

494

Basewide energy systems plan, Fort Rucker, Alabama; executive summary. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Included in this summary are the results of the first five increments of the Basewide Energy Systems Plan for Fort Rucker, Alabama. This plan includes analyses and recommendations of energy conservation projects for the reduction of the installation`s present energy consumption. The savings figures presented in this summary can only be realized after all projects have been implemented. Black Veatch has developed projects that would meet funding requirements for the energy conservation program. Furthermore, the recommended projects provide partial compliance with the energy conservation requirement for the installation as outlined in the Army Facilities Energy Plan. This summary presents data on the following: (1) Existing energy consumption and the basewide energy use model, (2) Source energy reductions due to energy conservation techniques for buildings and their systems, (3) Application of solar energy to reduce fossil fuel consumption, (4) Use of solid waste as an alternate energy source, and (5) Savings utilizing central energy monitoring and control systems (EMCS).

NONE

1983-02-01

495

Basewide energy systems plan, Redstone Arsenal, Alabama; executive summary. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Included in this summary are the results of the Basewide Energy Systems Plan for Redstone Arsenal, Alabama. This plan includes an analysis and recommendation of energy conservation projects for the reduction of the installation`s present energy consumption. The savings figures presented in this summary can only be realized after all projects have been implemented. Black Veatch has developed projects that would meet the funding requirements for the energy conservation program. Futhermore, the recommended projects provide partial compliance with the energy conservation requirement for the installation as outlined in the Army Facilities Energy Plan. This summary presents data on: Energy use model; Source energy reductions due to energy conservation techniques for buildings and their systems; Application of solar energy to reduce fossil fuel consumption; Savings utilizing central energy monitoring and control systems (EMCS); Use of solid waste as an alternate energy source; and The analysis of Total Energy/Selective Energy (TE/SE) systems.

NONE

1983-02-01

496

Basewide energy systems plan, Fort McClellan, Alabama. Executive summary. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This is a summary of the results for Increments A, B, C, D and E of the Basewide Energy Systems Plan for Fort McClellan, Alabama. (The results of Increments F and G are summarized on pages 5 and 6). This plan includes analyses and recommendations of energy conservation projects for reduction of the installation`s present energy consumption. The installation should be aware that savings figures presented in this summary can only be realized after all projects have been implemented. Black Veatch has developed projects that would meet the funding requirements for the energy conservation program. Furthermore, the recommended projects provide partial compliance with the energy conservation requirement for the installation as outlined in the Army Facilities Energy Plan.

NONE

1982-11-01

497

Paleocene-eocene lignite beds of southwest Alabama: Parasequence beds in highstand systems tracts  

SciTech Connect

In southwest Alabama, lignite beds are present in at least four stratigraphic intervals that span approximately 8 m.y. of geologic time. Lignite is found in the Paleocene Oak Hill Member and Coal Bluff Member of the Naheola Formation of the Midway Group and the Paleocene Tuscahoma Sand and the Eocene Hatchetigbee Formation of the Wilcox Group. Lignite beds range in thickness from 0.5 to 11 ft and consist of 32-53% moisture, 13-39% volatile matter, 4-36% fixed carbon, and 5-51% ash. These Paleocene and Eocene lignite beds occur as parasequence deposits in highstand systems tracts of four distinct third-order depositional sequences. The lignite beds are interpreted as strata within highstand systems tract parasequences that occur in mud-dominated regressive intervals. Lignite beds were deposited in coastal marsh and low-lying swamp environments as part of deltaic systems that prograded into southwestern Alabama from the west. As sediment was progressively delivered into the basin from these deltas, the effects of relative sea level rise during an individual cycle were overwhelmed, producing a net loss of accommodation and concomitant overall basinward progradation of the shoreline (regression). Small-scale fluctuations in water depth resulting from the interaction of eustasy, sediment yield, and subsidence led to cyclical flooding of the low-lying coastal marshes and swamps followed by periods of progradational and regression. Highstand systems tract deposition within a particular depositional sequence culminated with a relative sea level fall that resulted in a lowering of base level and an abrupt basinward shift in coastal onlap. Following sea level fall and the subsequent accumulation of the lowstand deposits, significant relative sea level rise resulted in the marine inundation of the area previously occupied by coastal marshes and swamps and deposition of the transgressive systems tract of the overlying sequence.

Mancini, E.A.; Tew, B.H. (Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)); Carroll, R.E. (Geologic Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States))

1993-09-01

498

Petroleum source rock potential of Mesozoic condensed section deposits in southwestern Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Because condensed section deposits in carbonates and siliclastics are generally fine-grained lithologies often containing relatively high concentrations of organic matter, these sediments have the potential to be petroleum source rocks if buried under conditions favorable for hydrocarbon generation. In the Mesozoic deposits of southwestern Alabama, only the Upper Jurassic Smackover carbonate mudstones of the condensed section of the LZAGC-4.1 cycle have realized their potential as hydrocarbon source rocks. These carbonate mudstones contain organic carbon concentrations of algal and amorphous kerogen of up to 1.7% and have thermal alteration indices of 2- to 3+. The Upper Cretaceous Tuscaloosa marine claystones of the condensed section of the UZAGC-2.5 cycle are rich (up to 2.9%) in herbaceous and amorphous organic matter but have not been subjected to burial conditions favorable for hydrocarbon generation. The Jurassic Pine Hill/Norphlet black shales of the condensed section of the LZAGC-3.1 cycle and the Upper Jurassic Haynesville carbonate mudstones of the condensed section of the LZAGC-4.2 cycle are low (0.1%) in organic carbon. Although condensed sections within depositional sequences should have the highest source rock potential, specific environmental, preservational, and/or burial history conditions within a particular basin will dictate whether or not the potential is realized as evidenced by the condensed sections of the Mesozoic depositional sequences in southwestern Alabama. Therefore, petroleum geologists can use sequence stratigraphy to identify potential source rocks; however, only through geochemical analyses can the quality of these potential source rocks be determined.

Mancini, E.A; Tew, B.H.; Mink, R.M. (Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (United States))

1991-03-01

499

Geophysical Characterization for Potential Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in the Black Warrior Basin of Alabama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The southeastern US is a leading producer of carbon dioxide emissions in large part due to the high number of coal-fired power plants in the region. As part of a Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) funded geological characterization project we have collected a number of geophysical data sets that characterize the Black Warrior Basin in the vicinity of the Alabama Power Gorgas Steam Plant in Walker County, Alabama. These geophysical data sets are important for extending the results from our 8000-foot characterization hole throughout the basin. Two 5-mile seismic reflection profiles processed through pre-stack time migration image the Cambrian through Pennsylvanian stratigraphy in the basin. The major injection targets in the saline reservoirs of the Hartselle Sandstone, Tuscumbia Limestone, Stones River Group and Knox Group. Initial examination of the data show that it is well suited for techniques such as Amplitude Versus Offset (AVO) analysis and inversion with the downhole data. Multiple offset vertical seismic profiles (VSP) image the formations close to and at multiple azimuths away from the drill hole. These VSPs also provide an important link to the seismic reflection profiles, which pass a little less than a mile to the north of the drill hole. Three shallow microseismic wells in the vicinity of the main drill hole have 3-component geophones cemented at depths of 50, 150, and 250 foot. These wells, designed to record small magnitude seismic events resulting from low-volume water injection, are important for characterizing the local fracture pathways and stress fields. Downhole gravity data complements the usual suite of downhole tools by imaging density variations deeper into the formations and ensuring that the identified saline reservoirs are not locally discontinuous.

Goodliffe, A. M.; Harris, W.; Rutter, R. S.; Clark, P.; Pashin, J. C.; Esposito, R. A.

2011-12-01

500

Lower Cretaceous and Upper Jurassic oil reservoirs of the updip basement structure play: Southwest Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Exploration for Lower Cretaceous and Upper Jurassic reservoirs associated with updip basement structures currently is the most active exploratory oil play in Alabama. High initial flow rates, on the order of hundreds to thousands of barrels of oil per day, are commonly encountered at depths between 8,200 and 14,500 feet. Fifty-one fields have been established and 25 million barrels of oil have been produced from these fields developed in Lower Cretaceous Hosston and Upper Jurassic Haynesville, Smackover, and Norphlet reservoirs. Production from Smackover carbonates began at Toxey field in 1967 and from Haynesville sandstones at Frisco City field in 1986. As of September 1994, Smackover wells averaged 88 barrels of oil per day and Haynesville wells averaged 284 barrels of oil per day. In 1994, production was established in the Norphlet at North Excel field and in the Hosston at Pleasant Home field. Reservoirs in the updip basement structure play cluster in three distinct areas; (1) a western area on the Choctaw ridge complex, (2) a central area on the Conecuh ridge complex, and (3) an eastern area in the Conecuh embayment. Reservoir lithologies include Smackover limestones and dolostones and Hosston, Haynesville, Smackover, and Norphlet sandstones. Hydrocarbon traps are structural or combination traps where reservoirs occur on the flanks or over the crests of basement palohighs. An understanding of the complex reservoir properties and trap relationships is the key to successful discovery and development of Lower Cretaceous and Upper Jurassic oil reservoirs of the updip basement structure play of southwest Alabama.

Mink, R.M.; Mancini, E.A. [Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)

1995-10-01