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1

University of Alabama in Huntsville: Earth System Science Center (ESSC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Alabama in Huntsville created the Earth System Science Center (ESSC) "to encourage interdisciplinary study of the Earth as an integrated system across traditional boundaries." This website offers innumerable links to research projects associated with the Center. Users can learn about studies to understand the accumulation of ozone and other oxidants near the ground, the use of advanced radar in meteorological investigations, the employment of remote sensing to understand how aerosols and clouds affect climate and air quality, and much more. Researchers can find meteorological and modeling data sets, publications, and information on recent and upcoming events.

2

Huntsville, Alabama From Space  

NASA Website

International Space Station - captures an image of her hometown. ISERV was designed and built at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala. ISERV provides useful images for disaster monitoring and assessment and environmental ...

3

Huntsville Operations Support Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Information is given in viewgraph form on the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC). The HOSC is a multi-mission control and support facility designed to provide simultaneous support to several diverse missions, using a common set of processing equi...

D. G. Bailey

1991-01-01

4

Operation Paperclip in Huntsville, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The project that this paper is a part of investigates the impact of Operation Paperclip, the code name of the project aimed at bringing the German rocket scientists to America, on the German families and their neighbors in Huntsville. The project was base...

M. Laney

2008-01-01

5

Performance of the Huntsville, Alabama Marx Meter Array  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Huntsville, Alabama Marx Meter Array (HAMMA) is a network of ground-based electric field change meters (Marx meters) deployed in Huntsville, Alabama and the surrounding areas. The Marx meters use GPS timing and have a sampling rate of 1 MHz. It has been shown previously, using several particular events, that time-of-arrival analysis can be used on HAMMA waveforms to locate lightning events. The natural next step is to devise an automated method for parsing HAMMA data and determining cloud-to-ground stroke locations and times for many strokes, which then should be compared with results from other well-characterized data sets. We will report on the results from this analysis and the comparison of these results with those from the National Lightning Detection Network (NLDN). The discussion will include location errors and detection efficiency as a function of distance from the center of the array.

Burchfield, J. C.; Bitzer, P. M.; Franklin, V.; Christian, H. J.

2011-12-01

6

Solar heating and hot water system installed at the Senior Citizen Center, Huntsville, Alabama. [Includes engineering drawings  

SciTech Connect

Information is provided on the solar energy system installed at the Huntsville Senior Citizen Center. The solar space heating and hot water facility and the project involved in its construction are described in considerable detail and detailed drawings of the complete system and discussions of the planning, the hardware, recommendations, and other pertinent information are included. The facility was designed to provide 85 percent of the hot water and 85 percent of the space heating requirements. Two important factors concerning this project for commercial demonstration are the successful use of silicon oil as a heat transfer fluid and the architecturally aesthetic impact of a large solar energy system as a visual centerpoint. There is no overheat or freeze protection due to the characteristics of the silicon oil and the design of the system. Construction proceeded on schedule with no cost overruns. It is designed to be relatively free of scheduled maintenance, and has experienced practically no problems.

Not Available

1980-02-01

7

78 FR 35603 - Foreign-Trade Zone 83-Huntsville, Alabama; Application for Production Authority; Toray Carbon...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Foreign-Trade Zone 83--Huntsville, Alabama; Application for Production Authority; Toray Carbon Fibers America, Inc.; (Polyacrylonitrile Fiber/Carbon Fiber Production), Decatur, Alabama An application has been submitted to the...

2013-06-13

8

Sounding rocket instrument development at Univ. of Alabama in Huntsville/NASA MSFC  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an overview of solar sounding rocket instruments developed jointly by NASA Marshall Space Flight Center and the University of Alabama in Huntsville. The High Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C) is an EUV (19.3 nm) imaging telescope which was flown successfully in July 2012. The Chromospheric Lyman-Alpha SpectroPolarimeter (CLASP) is a Lyman Alpha (121.6 nm) spectropolarimeter developed jointly with the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan and scheduled for launch in 2015. The Marshall Grazing Incidence X-ray Spectrograph is a soft X-ray (0.5-1.2 keV) stigmatic spectrograph designed to achieve 5 arcsecond spatial resolution along the slit.

Kobayashi, Ken; Cirtain, Jonathan; Winebarger, Amy; Savage, Sabrina; Golub, Leon; Korreck, Kelly; Kuzin, Sergey; Walsh, Robert; DeForest, Craig; DePontieu, Bart; Title, Alan; Podgorski, William; Kano, Ryouhei; Narukage, Noriyuki; Trujillo-Bueno, Javier

2013-09-01

9

Mapping intersection accidents with GIS technology in Huntsville, Alabama, U.S.A  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the influence of intersection accidents that threaten traffic safety, and applies geographic information systems (GIS) to map intersection crashes in Huntsville, Alabama. The DOFE (degree of freedom on entry) approach was used to classify traffic crash events. The event variables and their characteristics are either qualitative (a contributor influence) or quantitative (a causation influence) of intersection crashes.

Sam O. Nwaneri

2003-01-01

10

The Alabama Space and Rocket Center: The Second Decade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alabama Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, the world's largest rocket and space museum, includes displays illustrating American rocket history, exhibits and demonstrations on rocketry principles and experiences, and simulations of space travel. A new project includes an integrated recreational-educational complex, described in the three…

Buckbee, Edward O.

1983-01-01

11

The Alabama Space and Rocket Center: The Second Decade.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Alabama Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, the world's largest rocket and space museum, includes displays illustrating American rocket history, exhibits and demonstrations on rocketry principles and experiences, and simulations of space travel. A new project includes an integrated recreational-educational complex, described in the three…

Buckbee, Edward O.

1983-01-01

12

A Comparison of the Societal Impacts and Warning Operations for the 1989 and 2010 Huntsville, Alabama Tornadoes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The city of Huntsville, Alabama lies within a region of the United States known as the Tennessee Valley, which is not traditionally associated with “Tornado Alley”. However, latest research indicates that most tornado fatalities occur in the lower Arkansas, Tennessee, and Mississippi River Valleys. Huntsville has had its share of tornadic events, including the two tornadoes in this study. On 15 November 1989, a large F4 tornado tracked through south Huntsville with little to no advance warning at the start of the evening rush hour. There were a total of 21 fatalities and 463 injuries. On 21 January 2010, an EF2 tornado moved through downtown Huntsville during peak evening rush hour, but this time there were no fatalities and only three injuries. The choices made by both the National Weather Service and core partners of the agency during these two tornadic events will be discussed, as well as how these choices either mitigated or amplified the environmental effects registered by the general populous of Huntsville. While the decision support services such as warning decisions and communications provided by National Weather Services' Huntsville are important, the resulting action taken by the public is just as crucial; an investigation into the societal impacts pertaining to these two tornadoes will be shared. Future National Weather Services' Huntsville decision support services and choices will be shaped by the present research in an effort to mitigate the impacts of another tornado striking Huntsville. This research was conducted as part of an internship for the NOAA Educational Partnership Program scholarship in which I participate.

Betancourt-Negron, A. M.; Coyne, M.; Scotten, K.; Lee, J. L.

2010-12-01

13

Engineering and Environmental Study of DDT Contamination of Huntsville Spring Branch, Indian Creek, and Adjacent Lands and Waters, Wheeler Reservoir, Alabama. Revision.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report deals with DDTR contamination in northeast Alabama in the Tennessee River system from Mile 260 to 375 which includes Wilson, Wheeler, and Guntersville Reservoirs. The primary area of interest is the Huntsville Spring Branch - Indian Creek (HSB...

1984-01-01

14

System Analysis for the Huntsville Operation Support Center Distributed Computer System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A simulation model of the NASA Huntsville Operational Support Center (HOSC) was developed. This simulation model emulates the HYPERchannel Local Area Network (LAN) that ties together the various computers of HOSC. The HOSC system is a large installation o...

F. M. Ingels

1986-01-01

15

System Analysis for the Huntsville Operational Support Center Distributed Computer System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) is a distributed computer system used to provide real time data acquisition, analysis and display during NASA space missions and to perform simulation and study activities during non-mission times. The prima...

F. M. Ingels J. Mauldin

1984-01-01

16

Occurrence and distribution of selected metals in streams near Huntsville, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Arsenic, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, lead, mercury, and zinc are widely distributed around Huntsville, Ala. However, concentrations of these metals in streamflow in the vicinity of the Huntsville municipal water intake during June, August, and September 1971 did not exceed the limits recommended for a public drinking water supply. The occurrence of these metals in general is related to man's activities. Information gained during this study suggests that cadmium and the other metals are associated with and transported with suspended sediment, bed material, and airborne dust particles. Lead and zinc were the most abundant of the selected metals in streamflow, bed material, and rainwater samples. The highest concentration of cadmium was detected downstream from an industrial park in the Flint River basin; rainwater samples also contained a relatively high level of cadmium.

German, E. R.; Knight, Alfred L.

1973-01-01

17

Results of the decontamination survey of the nickel carbonyl plant at the Redstone Arsenal, Huntsville, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents the results of a decontamination survey of the nickel carbonyl plant at the Redstone Arsenal in Alabama. A total of 12 air samples (taken with Draeger tubes) and 22 wipe samples were taken from various plant locations. Immediate analysis of the air samples revealed no significant contamination with nickel carbonyl, and laboratory analysis of the wipe samples

R. P. Biang; B. D. Wilkins

1989-01-01

18

Training and Jobs: Keys to Rural Economic Development. A Regional Rural Revitalization Conference (Huntsville, Alabama, April 5-6, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The conference brought Southern state and local leaders together to discuss ways to revitalize depressed rural areas and to improve citizens' quality of life. Papers discussed: (1) goals for rural educational improvement; (2) human resource barriers to community and economic development in the South; (3) survey results indicating that Alabama

Hall, Jean M. Ed.

19

Hydrologic Cycle Distributed Active Archive Center.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Marshall Space Flight Center Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) in Huntsville, Alabama supports the acquisition, production, archival and dissemination of data relevant to the study of the global hydrologic cycle. This paper describes the Hydrol...

D. M. Hardin H. M. Goodman

1995-01-01

20

UA-HUNTSVILLE FLIGHT SIMULATION DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

To the general public flight simulation implies computer games or pilot training. However, this discipline has evolved to include aerospace vehicle design, collaborative vehicle interactions and human\\/machine interfaces. Personnel at the University of Alabama in Huntsville have developed a flight simulation environment combining the inexpensive X- Plane® software with moderate capability PC hardware to provide an affordable desktop flight simulation

D. Brian Landrum

2008-01-01

21

System Analysis for the Huntsville Operation Support Center, Distributed Computer System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

HOSC as a distributed computing system, is responsible for data acquisition and analysis during Space Shuttle operations. HOSC also provides computing services for Marshall Space Flight Center's nonmission activities. As mission and nonmission activities ...

F. M. Ingels D. Massey

1985-01-01

22

Engineering and Environmental Study of DDT Contamination of Huntsville Spring Branch, Indian Creek, and Adjacent Lands and Waters, Wheeler Reservoir, Alabama. Volume 2. Appendices I-III.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

DDT contamination in northeast Alabama near Traiana, in the Tennessee River system including Wilson, Wheeler, and Guntersville Reservoirs has occurred because wastes containing DDT residues (DDTR) have migrated to receiving strams. In the area DDTR levels...

H. E. Hudson J. H. Sullivan M. K. Hein W. C. Zegel W. G. Thiess

1980-01-01

23

Engineering and Environmental Study of DDT Contamination of Huntsville Spring Branch, Indian Creek, and Adjacent Lands and Waters, Wheeler Reservoir, Alabama. Volume 1. Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

DDT contamination in northeast Alabama near Triana, in the Tennessee River system including Wilson, Wheeler, and Guntersville Reservoirs has occurred because wastes containing DDT residues (DDTR) have migrated to receiving streams. In the area DDTR levels...

H. E. Hudson J. H. Sullivan M. K. Hein W. C. Zegel W. G. Thiess

1980-01-01

24

Decade of Friction Stir Welding R and D at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center and a Glance into the Future.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Welding at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC), Huntsville, Alabama, has taken a new direction through the last 10 years. Fusion welding processes, namely variable polarity plasma arc (VPPA) and tungsten inert gas (TIG) were once the corner stone o...

A. Nunes B. Carter C. Russell J. Ding J. Schneider K. Lawless M. Suites

2006-01-01

25

A wooden energy demonstration center in Alabama. Phase I: a background investigation. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of the report was to gather background data needed for organizing the wood energy demonstration center. Four main areas which have been investigated are: timber resources, woodworking industries, wood residues, and potential uses of wood energy generated. The study area is a 50-mile radius of Troy, Alabama.

T. I. Chiang; E. A. Bethea; M. Richardson

1980-01-01

26

Report on the remedial action to isolate DDT from people and the environment in the Huntsville Spring Branch, Indian Creek System, Wheeler Reservoir, Alabama: Review panel activities, (United States v. Olin Corporation consent decree), May 31, 1983-June 30, 1986  

SciTech Connect

The Consent Decree requires the Olin Corporation to develop and implement a remedial plan that will meet a performance standard of 5 parts per million (ppM) of DDT in fillets of channel catfish, largemouth bass, and smallmouth buffalo in specified reaches of the HSB-IC System. This performance standard is to be achieved by a remedy that is consistent with the goals and objectives of the Consent Decree. A Review Panel, consisting of members from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), United States Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), the Department of the Army (DA), the State of Alabama (ADEM), and nonvoting participants from the town of Triana, Alabama (Triana), and the Olin Corporation (Olin), was established by the Consent Decree. Review Panel responsibilities include technical overview and approval of Olin's proposals to achieve the requirements of the Consent Decree. This report summarizes the activities of the Review Panel associated with implementation of Consent Decree requirements from May 31, 1983 through June 30, 1986.

Not Available

1986-07-01

27

Final report of the SPS energy conversion and power management workshop, February 5-7, 1980, Von Braun Civic Center, Huntsville, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This workshop is a peer review of the information available on the Satellite Power System (SPS). Areas discussed include: resource issues and performance demonstration issues regarding gallium arsenide and silicon photovoltaic conversion; solar blanket and array integration issues; collector structures and advanced thermal power cycles relevant to solar thermal conversion systems; space radiators; life-expectancy of rotating machinery in space; and electric power distribution, processing, and power management. (LEW)

Not Available

1980-06-01

28

The GLOBE Program in Alabama: A Mentoring Approach to State-wide Implementation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Established in 1997, the GLOBE in Alabama (GIA) partnership has trained more than 1,000 teachers in almost 500 schools - over 25% of the total number of K-12 schools in Alabama. Over those five years, GIA has strived to achieve recognition of GLOBE as the "glue" to Alabama's new education program, the Alabama Math, Science and Technology Initiative (AMSTI). In 2003, GIA trained over 370 AMSTI K-8 teachers at two AMSTI hub sites in north Alabama. As the AMSTI program grows with the addition of future hub sites (eleven are planned), GIA must ready itself to train thousands of AMSTI teachers during the two-week summer professional development institutes that are part of AMSTI. A key component of AMSTI is a mentoring program conducted by math and science specialists - classroom educators loaned to the AMSTI hub sites by the school systems each hub site serves. The AMSTI mentoring program mirrors the GIA mentoring model begun in 1999 that originally funded regional GLOBE master teachers to provide technical assistance, feedback, and coaching for other GLOBE teachers. In schools where GIA mentor teachers were working, nearly a 100% increase in GLOBE student data reporting was noted. The GIA mentors now work within the hub site framework to ensure implementation of GLOBE as an integrated part of AMSTI. With the continued support of the State of Alabama, GIA will establish a network of mentors who work with the AMSTI hub site specialists in providing support for all AMSTI teachers. GIA is administered by the National Space Science and Technology Center, a partnership between NASA and the State of Alabama's seven research universities. Operational funding for GIA has been provided by the University of Alabama in Huntsville's Earth System Science Center, the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, the Alabama Space Grant Consortium, The Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs, the Alabama State Department of Education, and Legacy. GIA has been able to build on these strong funding partnerships by leveraging the infrastructure provided by the NASA-led GLOBE Program (www.globe.gov).

Cox, G. N.

2003-12-01

29

Trip report: Marshall Space Center computed tomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

BIR Inc. is a small company out of the Chicago area which sells equipment for producing images by tomography. They have built a relatively large instrument, called ACTIS, for NASA at the Marshall Space Center in Huntsville, Alabama and still gave access to this instrument. BIR has a grant from the Department of Energy (DOE) to determine the utility of computed tomography (CT) for characterization of nuclear and hazardous waste within the DOE complex. As part of this effort, the potential of this technique for obtaining images of canistered waste forms has been investigated. Funding for data acquisition was provided through this grant.

Harbour, J. R.; Andrews, M. K.

30

Trip report: Marshall Space Center computed tomography  

SciTech Connect

BIR Inc. is a small company out of the Chicago area which sells equipment for producing images by tomography. They have built a relatively large instrument, called ACTIS, for NASA at the Marshall Space Center in Huntsville, Alabama and still gave access to this instrument. BIR has a grant from the Department of Energy (DOE) to determine the utility of computed tomography (CT) for characterization of nuclear and hazardous waste within the DOE complex. As part of this effort, the potential of this technique for obtaining images of canistered waste forms has been investigated. Funding for data acquisition was provided through this grant.

Harbour, J.R.; Andrews, M.K.

1991-12-31

31

Trip report: Marshall Space Center computed tomography  

SciTech Connect

BIR Inc. is a small company out of the Chicago area which sells equipment for producing images by tomography. They have built a relatively large instrument, called ACTIS, for NASA at the Marshall Space Center in Huntsville, Alabama and still gave access to this instrument. BIR has a grant from the Department of Energy (DOE) to determine the utility of computed tomography (CT) for characterization of nuclear and hazardous waste within the DOE complex. As part of this effort, the potential of this technique for obtaining images of canistered waste forms has been investigated. Funding for data acquisition was provided through this grant.

Harbour, J.R.; Andrews, M.K.

1991-01-01

32

76 FR 5290 - Television Broadcasting Services; Huntsville, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...11-27; MB Docket No. 08-194; RM-11488] Television Broadcasting Services; Huntsville, AL AGENCY...1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in...

2011-01-31

33

75 FR 67077 - Television Broadcasting Services; Huntsville, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...10-2000; MB Docket No. 08-194; RM-11488] Television Broadcasting Services; Huntsville, AL AGENCY...and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in...

2010-11-01

34

Walk-through survey report of the bagging operation at Tennessee Valley Authority's National Fertilizer Development Center, Muscle Shoals, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

A site visit was made to the Tennessee Valley Authority's National Fertilizer Development Center (NFDC) in Muscle Shoals, Alabama to determine the effectiveness of control measures used to lessen possible hazardous working conditions. The NFDC was to provide products, processes, and processing beneficial to the fertilizer industry. At the time of the visit 46-0-0 granular urea was being packaged into 50-pound plastic bags. Attention was paid to the control of airborne dust in dry chemical bagging and filling operations. Engineering control technology observed during this process included ventilation systems, work practices and protective equipment. While there were some controls worth noting at the facility, the packers were in need of repair. Product was continually leaking from the fill spouts into the environment of the workers whenever a bag was not on the spout. Employees were required to wear safety shoes, safety glasses, and hard hats. Respirators were not required. The author concludes that control techniques in use were not exemplary.

Cooper, T.C.

1982-06-01

35

US Army Aviation Center and Fort Rucker, Alabama Historic Preservation Plan Cultural Overview.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document represents the first phase of the development of a Historic Preservation Plan for the US Army Aviation Center and Fort Rucker. The plan will provide a summary of cultural resources investigations conducted to date, discuss the nature of cult...

T. McMakin B. G. Harvey E. C. Poplin

1996-01-01

36

78 FR 45598 - Notice of Opportunity for Public Comment on Surplus Property Release at Huntsville International...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice of Opportunity for Public Comment on Surplus Property Release at Huntsville International...requirement that a 4.58- acre parcel of surplus property, located at the Huntsville International...Airport Authority to release 4.58 acres of surplus property at the Huntsville...

2013-07-29

37

Alabama Cave Shrimp ('Palaemonias alabamae') Recovery Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Alabama cave shrimp, Palaemonias alabamae Smalley, is an albinistic troglobitic (cave-dwelling) shrimp known from five caves (three cave systems or three groundwater basins) in Madison County, Alabama. A member of the shrimp family Atyidae, it is one ...

P. Hartfield T. R. Jacobson

1997-01-01

38

Space Solar Power Exploratory Research and Technology (SERT) Technical Interchange Meeting 2 (SERT TIM 2).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The University of Alabama in Huntsville's (UAH) Propulsion Research Center hosted the Space Solar Power Exploratory Research & Technology (SERT) Technical Interchange Meeting (TIM) 2 in Huntsville, Alabama December 7-10. 1999 with 126 people in attendance...

J. Howell C. W. Sanders

2000-01-01

39

Special Study: Inadequate Structural Assembly of Schoolbus Bodies. The Accidents at Decatur and Huntsville, Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reviews some examples of injuries received in two school bus accidents; explains how the design of joints and fastenings in the buses was involved in the injuries and in the structural strength of schoolbuses; and compares schoolbus construction with construction of other types of buses that employ more efficient and complete…

National Transportation Safety Board (DOT), Washington, DC. Bureau of Surface Transportation Safety.

40

Undergraduate space science program at Alabama A&M University  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new undergraduate Physics Program with Space Science as the major concentration area has been initiated at Alabama A&M University (AAMU) in 2001. This program is funded by NASAĆs OSS and OEOP Offices under the NRA 00-OSS-02 Minority University Education and Research Partnership Initiative in Space Science-2000. The partner institutions are NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH). A primary objective of this Program is to train undergraduate and graduate minority (principally African-American) students in the extremely underrepresented areas of Space Science and to prepare them for eventual teaching and/or research careers in this increasingly important field. The best way to achieve this is to recruit students early from high school, and not wait until they have already selected their specialty in college. Also, a student with a BS degree in Physics with specialization in Space Science will have a decisive advantage in pursuing graduate studies in Space Science than the others. The BS degree requires a student to take 30 credit hours of Physics courses and an additional 18 hours in the chosen area of concentration. Several basic traditional courses in Lower Atmosphere, Aeronomy, the Solar System and Orbital Mechanics have been developed. Additional courses in Plasma Physics, Solar Physics and Astronomy will be taught by NASA-MSFC scientists and UAH faculty. A parallel objective is to expose the student to research experience early in their ca- reers. Each student is required to complete a one semester Undergraduate Research Opportunity Project (UROP) on a relevant topic from Space Science. The students will be guided in research by AAMU and UAH faculty and MSFC scientists. Each student will be required to write a term paper and make an oral presentation before a committee of advisors. This experience will enhance the Space Science background of the students and better prepare them to pursue graduate studies in the areas of Space Science.

Lal, R.; Tan, A.; Lyatsky, W.

41

CRCHD - CRCHD Research - Morehouse School of Med/Tuskegee Univ/Univ. of Alabama Cancer Center Partnership  

Cancer.gov

The partnership between Morehouse School of Medicine (MSM), Tuskegee University (TU) and the UAB Comprehensive Cancer Center (UABCCC) builds upon an existing partnership between these 3 institutions. Each institution brings to the table a unique set of strengths that effectively supplement the inherent weaknesses of the others. The Partnership is geographically located within the heart of the Southeast, a region with a large, historically underserved, African-American population.

42

GENERAL VIEW OF THE INTERIOR OF THE CENTER INSTRUMENTATION AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

GENERAL VIEW OF THE INTERIOR OF THE CENTER INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL TANK, NOTE THE PASSAGE CUT TO THE EXTREME NORTH TANK. - Marshall Space Flight Center, Redstone Rocket (Missile) Test Stand, Dodd Road, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

43

Huntsville-Madison County Education Improvement Program, 1966-1971. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of the Huntsville-Madison County Education Improvement Program were: (1) to develop and demonstrate a curriculum that would improve and enrich the skills, attitudes and thinking processes of the disadvantaged preschool child; (2) to develop in-service programs that would afford teachers and other personnel better understanding of the…

Huntsville City Schools, AL.

44

View of the 200ton derrick from west showing the center ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of the 200-ton derrick from west showing the center mast, one stiff leg, the boom and the boom angle reeving. - Marshall Space Flight Center, Saturn V Dynamic Test Facility, East Test Area, Huntsville, Madison County, AL

45

78 FR 11577 - Alabama Regulatory Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Alabama regulatory program (Alabama program) under the Surface Mining Control...Alabama proposed revisions to its Program regarding revegetation success standards. Alabama intends to revise its program to improve operational...

2013-02-19

46

Von Braun's Dream: Space Camp.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the "Space Camp" program for boys and girls at the Alabama Space and Rocket Center (Huntsville, Alabama), including typical activities. Includes address for obtaining information on participation in the program. (JN)|

Coleman, C. C.

1982-01-01

47

Marshall Space Flight Center solid waste characterization and recycling improvement study: General office and laboratory waste, scrap metal, office and flight surplus  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary objectives of the study were to characterize the solid waste stream for MSFC facilities in Huntsville, Alabama, and to evaluate their present recycling program. The purpose of the study was to determine if improvements could be made in terms of increasing quantities of the present commodities collected, adding more recyclables to the program, and streamlining or improving operational

Michael H. Eley; Lavonne Crews; Ben Johnston; David Lee; James Colebaugh

1995-01-01

48

Homonegativity among Alabama Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Members of the Alabama Counseling Association were surveyed to examine the extent to which they demonstrate homonegativity (prejudicial attitudes toward homosexuality). The majority of the counselors did not appear to approach homosexuality from traditional prejudices, although almost one-third believed homosexuality to be immoral. The counselors…

Satcher, Jamie; Leggett, Mark

2006-01-01

49

Alabama Arthritis Report, 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The data summarized in this report indicate that arthritis affects more than a million people in the state of Alabama. The disease is more common in the elderly but it also disproportionately affects women and persons with lower education levels, even aft...

2005-01-01

50

System Analysis for the Huntsville Operational Support Center Distributed Computer System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A simulation model was developed and programmed in three languages BASIC, PASCAL, and SLAM. Two of the programs are included in this report, the BASIC and the PASCAL language programs. SLAM is not supported by NASA/MSFC facilities and hence was not includ...

E. M. Ingels

1983-01-01

51

First report of soybean rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) on Florida beggarweed (Desmodium tortuosum) in Alabama  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Soybean rust, caused by the fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi, was detected on Florida Beggarweed (Desmodium tortuosum) for the first time in Alabama in November, 2009. The pathogen was observed on plants collected from a field at the Wiregrass Research and Extension Center in Headland, Alabama located i...

52

Expedition 34 Space Station Commander Kevin Ford to Visit NASA's Marshall Center on Aug. 8; Media Invited  

NASA Website

Astronaut Kevin Ford, who lived and worked nearly five months as the Expedition 34 commander aboard the International Space Station, will visit NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., Aug. 8.

53

Alabama Education News. Volume 31, Number 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2008-01-01

54

Alabama Education News. Volume 28, Number 9  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

55

Alabama Education News. Volume 32, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2009-01-01

56

Alabama Education News. Volume 29, Number 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2006-01-01

57

Alabama Education News. Volume 33, Number 6  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2010-01-01

58

Alabama Education News. Volume 29, Number 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2006-01-01

59

Alabama Education News. Volume 32, Number 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2009-01-01

60

Alabama Education News. Volume 28, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama," as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2004-01-01

61

Alabama Education News. Volume 30, Number 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2007-01-01

62

Alabama Education News. Volume 31, Number 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2008-01-01

63

Alabama Education News. Volume 33, Number 8  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2010-01-01

64

Alabama Education News. Volume 33, Number 4  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2010-01-01

65

Alabama Education News. Volume 29, Number 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

White, Rebecca Leigh, Ed.

2005-01-01

66

Alabama Education News. Volume 30, Number 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama", as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2006-01-01

67

Alabama Education News. Volume 34, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Alabama Education News" is published monthly except for June, July, and December by the Alabama Department of Education. This publication, authorized by Section 16-2-4 of the "Code of Alabama," as recompiled in 1975, is a public service of the Alabama Department of Education designed to inform citizens and educators about programs and goals of…

Sibley, Michael O., Ed.

2010-01-01

68

First record of Mansonia dyari in Baldwin County, Alabama.  

PubMed

Mansonia dyari, a species common to Florida, has been documented for the first time in Alabama. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention light trap surveillance yielded female specimens collected at 2 different locations in the Mobile-Tensaw Delta. This is the westernmost expansion of this species in the USA. PMID:22017094

Stough, Jennifer E; Wallace, John R

2011-09-01

69

Parameters of triggered-lightning flashes in Florida and Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Channel base currents from triggered lightning were measured at the NASA Kennedy Space Center, Florida, during summer 1990 and at Fort McClellan, Alabama, during summer 1991. Additionally, 16-mm cinematic records with 3- or 5-ms resolution were obtained for all flashes, and streak camera records were obtained for three of the Florida flashes. The 17 flashes analyzed contained 69 strokes, all

R. J. Fisher; G. H. Schnetzer; R. Thottappillil; V. A. Rakov; M. A. Uman; J. D. Goldberg

1993-01-01

70

Alabama Public Library Service 1996 Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alabama Public Library Service is charged with improving library services throughout Alabama to ensure that all citizens have access to quality library and information services. The agency is responsible for administering federal and state funds for the more than 200 public libraries in Alabama. Building renovations were completed in April…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

71

Alabama Public Library Service 1996 Annual Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Alabama Public Library Service is charged with improving library services throughout Alabama to ensure that all citizens have access to quality library and information services. The agency is responsible for administering federal and state funds for the more than 200 public libraries in Alabama. Building renovations were completed in April…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

72

Advances in cryogenic engineering. Vols. 37A & 37B - Proceedings of the 1991 Cryogenic Engineering Conference, Univ. of Alabama, Huntsville, June 11-14, 1991  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present volume on advances in cryogenic engineering discusses heat and mass transfer in helium, heat transfer in cryogenic fluids, thermoacoustic oscillations, and insulation. Attention is given to applications of superconductivity with reference to magnetic stability and coil protection, cryogenic techniques, and refrigeration for electronics and superconducting systems. Topics addressed include compressors, expanders, and pumps for liquid helium, magnetic refrigerators, pulse tube refrigerators, and cryocoolers. Also examined are properties of cryogenic fluids, cryogenic applications in transportion and space science and technology, and cryogenic instrumentation.

Fast, Ronald W.

73

Experimental Investigation of Cavitation Induced Feedline Instability from an Orifice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper details the results of an experimental investigation into the cavitation instabilities created by a circular orifice conducted at the University of Alabama in Huntsville Propulsion Research Center. This experiment was conducted in concert with ...

D. M. Lineberry M. A. Hitt R. A. Frederick V. Ahuja

2012-01-01

74

2003 NASA Faculty Fellowship Program Research Reports.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For the 39th consecutive year, the NASA Faculty Fellowship Program (NFFP) was conducted at Marshall Space Flight Center. The program was sponsored by NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC, and operated under contract by The University of Alabama in Huntsville...

G. Karr J. Bland L. M. Freeman S. K. Nash-Stevenson

2004-01-01

75

NASA Technology Benefits Orthotics.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Engineers at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama have designed a knee brace to aid in the rehabilitation of medical patients. The device, called the Selectively Lockable Knee Brace, was designed for knee injury and stroke pat...

M. Shadoan N. Myers

1998-01-01

76

Alabama Counseling Association Journal, 1996.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the two issues of the "Alabama Counseling Association Journal" published during 1996. The focus of the journal is on communicating ideas and information that will help counselors to implement the counseling role and develop the profession of counseling. Issue number 1 includes the following articles: "Commitment through…

Farrell, R. Joel, II, Ed.

1996-01-01

77

Alabama's Child Nutrition Certification Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook presents the plan for the Alabama computerized certification program for school food service employees. The first section contains the following information and materials pertaining to the child nutrition certification program: rationale; position titles (Child Nutrition Program Director or Supervisor, Child Nutrition Program…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Div. of Administration and Finance.

78

Alabama Arthritis Control Plan, 2006.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The data summarized in this report indicate that arthritis affects more than a million people in the state of Alabama.1 The disease is more common in the elderly but it also disproportionately affects women and persons with lower education levels, even af...

2007-01-01

79

The Performance of Alabama College System Students on the Alabama Basic Skills Test. Chancellor's Research Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated the performance of Alabama College System (ACS) students on a Basic Skills Test (BST) and compared it with non-ACS students' scores to determine whether there were significant differences in achievement. The Alabama Basic Skills Test is required of all students seeking admission to teacher education programs at Alabama

Alabama State Dept. of Postsecondary Education, Montgomery.

80

78 FR 4967 - Alabama Disaster #AL-00046  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...adversely affected by the disaster: Primary Counties: Mobile; Pike. Contiguous Counties: Alabama: Baldwin; Barbour; Bullock; Coffee; Crenshaw; Dale; Montgomery; Washington. Mississippi: George; Greene; Jackson. The Interest Rates...

2013-01-23

81

Precipitation Probabilities and Statistics for Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tables of precipitation averages, extremes, and probabilities of selected precipitation amounts are presented for 30 Alabama locations. The probabilities were calculated by the incomplete gamma technique.

R. R. Getz L. M. Owsley

1979-01-01

82

Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alabama BlueCross and BlueShield Medical Information Server, located and developed by the University of Alabama at Birmingham Department of Computer and Information Sciences, through a grant from Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama for the express purpose of providing Internet access to medical information for all physicians and other health care providers in the state of Alabama. It provides links to a broad range of medical information resources located throughout the Internet. Menus provide information on diseases and disorders, patient care and medical practice, medical specialties, journals and newsletters, health care reform, and other medical information.

1997-01-01

83

Use of Color in Child Care Environments: Application of Color for Wayfinding and Space Definition in Alabama Child Care Environments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compared the use of color in physical design features associated with the exterior and interior designs of 101 child care centers in Alabama. Found that color was evidenced on the exterior of the centers at just over half of the sample. The interior environments had warm colors and bright accents in the setting; however, the majority of centers

Read, Marilyn A.

2003-01-01

84

Accountability in Alabama Schools. Report 24.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alabama Education Study Commission conducted a five-year project to find adequate measures of accountability for schools. The result, developed, implemented, and tested in 11 school districts in Alabama, was a Program Management and Budgeting (PMB) system combining elements of zero-base budgeting and management by objectives. PMB has the…

Alabama Education Study Commission, Montgomery.

85

Punitive Damages Reform: The Case of Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the modern grounds for punitive damages reform. It focuses on particular problems relating to punitive damages verdicts in Alabama, but the issue extends substantially beyond the Alabama case. Punitive damages verdicts are relatively infrequent in many jurisdictions. From time to time, however, an occasional jury can render an enormous punitive damages verdict even in a jurisdiction where

George L. Priest

1996-01-01

86

77 FR 54490 - Alabama Regulatory Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...public comment period and opportunity for public hearing on...regarding revegetation success guidelines. Alabama...Revegetation: Standards for Success Alabama proposes to...for determining the success of stocking. Additionally...If no one requests an opportunity to speak, we will...

2012-09-05

87

Coosa River Navigation, Georgia and Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the proposal for the construction of six single-lift locks at the existing Alabama Power Company's Walter Bouldin, Mitchell, Lay, Logan Martin, H. Neely Henry, and Weiss Dams on the Coosa River between Montgomery, Alabama, and Rome, G...

1972-01-01

88

Federal Public Library Programs in Alabama, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Alabama Public Library Service (APLS) is charged with improving library services throughout the state to ensure that all citizens have access to quality library and information services. Part of this charge includes the responsibility for receiving and administering federal funds to the more than 200 public libraries in Alabama. Federal…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

89

Outdoor recreational opportunities in Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What comes to mind when you think about outdoor recreational opportunities? Diagram of the recreational opportunities to enjoy First we will look at the forest services and recreational opportunities. Forest Services There is plenty of hunting opportunities in Alabama to enjoy. Hunting Opportunities Outdoor tips can be essential when enjoying the outdoors. Outdoor Tips What a better way to spend a weekend then going fishing with family and friends. Places to Fish A great way to spend a weekend could also consist of hiking. Hiking Now ...

Smith, Adam

2012-04-04

90

Spend a Day in Outer Space  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the Alabama Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville, Alabama as stimulating experience for students in aerospace education. The center has the largest collection of space-age hardware assembled under one roof, a Space Flight simulator, a Skylab space station mock-up and many more interesting exhibits. (BR)|

Journal of Aerospace Education, 1975

1975-01-01

91

5. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE COLLAPSED RAILROAD BRIDGE 1.5 miles ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE COLLAPSED RAILROAD BRIDGE 1.5 miles N. from Cochrane on Ala. route 17. Copy of photo by Jack Donnell, Columbus, Ms., after bridge collapsed in 1973. Shows broken turn span and overturned center pier. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

92

6. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE RAILROAD BRIDGE 1.5 miles N. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE RAILROAD BRIDGE 1.5 miles N. from Cochrane on Ala. route 17 Copy of photo by Jack Donnell, Columbus, Ms., 192. Shows center turn span and part of one fixed span. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

93

HYDROLOGIC INITIATIVE IN COASTAL MISSISSIPPI AND ALABAMA  

EPA Science Inventory

The Nature Conservancy has completed a comprehensive site conservation plan at Grand Bay, Alabama. The primary stressors impacting the coastal habitats and significant conservation targets at Grand Bay include: habitat loss, fire suppression, exotic species, alteration of hydro...

94

75 FR 474 - Alabama Disaster #AL-00026  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...disaster for Public Assistance Only for the State of Alabama (FEMA- 1866-DR), dated 12/22/2009. Incident: Tropical Storm Ida. Incident Period: 11/09/2009 through 11/10/2009. DATES: Effective Date: 12/22/2009....

2010-01-05

95

Alabama Magnet School Races toward Job Market.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes Alabama's Brewbaker Technology Magnet High School, which was built for only $70 per square foot. Explores the relationship between its school-to-work, collaborative-learning approach and the building's design. (EV)|

Jones, Morgan

2002-01-01

96

Debris Spillway and Chute for Millers Ferry Powerhouse, Alabama River, Alabama: Hydraulic Model Investigation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A 1:25-scale model of the Millers Ferry Lock and Dam, Alabama River, Alabama, reproduced a 24-ft-wide by 170-ft-long ogee spillway and existing powerhouse, 200 ft of the approach immediately upstream of the spillway crest, and 600 ft of exit channel. The ...

D. R. Cooper

1992-01-01

97

40 CFR 282.50 - Alabama State-Administered Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...enforcing its underground storage tank program. However...of Alabama's underground storage tank program may be obtained from the Ground Water Branch, Alabama Department...as part of the underground storage tank program under...

2012-07-01

98

Triassic/Jurassic faulting patterns of Conecuh Ridge, southwest Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Two major fault systems influenced Jurassic structure and deposition on the Conecuh Ridge, southwest Alabama. Identification and dating of these fault systems are based on seismic-stratigraphic interpretation of a 7-township grid in Monroe and Conecuh Counties. Relative time of faulting is determined by fault geometry and by formation isopachs and isochrons. Smackover and Norphlet Formations, both Late Jurassic in age, are mappable seismic reflectors and are thus reliable for seismicstratigraphic dating. The earlier of the 2 fault systems is a series of horsts and grabens that trends northeast-southwest and is Late Triassic to Early Jurassic in age. The system formed in response to tensional stress associated with the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. The resulting topography was a series of northeast-southwest-trending ridges. Upper Triassic Eagle Mills and Jurassic Werner Formations were deposited in the grabens. The later fault system is also a series of horsts and grabens trending perpendicular to the first. This system was caused by tensional stress related to a pulse in the opening of the Gulf of Mexico. Faulting began in Early Jurassic and continued into Late Jurassic, becoming progressively younger basinward. At the basin margin, faulting produced a very irregular shoreline. Submerged horst blocks became centers for shoaling or carbonate buildups. Today, these blocks are exploration targets in southwest Alabama.

Hutley, J.K.

1985-02-01

99

New technology N products in alabama  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Because of high fertilizer N prices, growers are interested in using less expensive sources of N and using fertilizer additives to reduce ammonia volatilization losses from urea sources. An experiment on a Lucedale fine sandy loam in Central Alabama (Prattville Research Unit) was conducted in 2007 ...

100

New technology N products in alabama  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Because of high fertilizer N prices, growers are interested in using less expensive sources of N and using fertilizer additives to reduce ammonia volatilization losses from urea sources. An experiment on a Lucedale fine sandy loam in Central Alabama (Prattville Research Unit) was conducted in 2007 t...

101

Factors Affecting Instructional Television Utilization in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was conducted of the factors affecting the utilization of educational television in elementary and secondary schools in the 127 school districts in the state of Alabama. Based upon the results of previous studies, five variables were investigated: (1) percentage of K-12 students in the total student population, (2) ratio of students to…

Turner, Philip M.; Simpson, William

102

Geology of Chatom Field, Washington County, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chatom field, located in Washington County, Alabama, produces sour gas condensate in the Jurassic Smackover Formation. The 1971 discovery currently has 4 producing wells. The 4 wells supply a 25 million cu ft sour gas cleaning plant. Structurally, Chatom field is an isolated Jurassic closure located along a N. to S. trending Louann salt ridge. Isopachs indicate both Jurassic and

R. K. Strahan; M. Green

1975-01-01

103

Origin of Smackover Dolomites: Southwest Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dolomite is a major component of the Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation in southwest Alabama Dolomite comprises most of the unit in updip areas and across paleohighs. The amount of dolomite decreases basinward where dolomite is restricted for the most part to the upper and lower parts of the Smackover. Paragenetic relationships indicate that the majority of the replacement dolomite formed

1990-01-01

104

Alabama BSE Investigation: Final Epidemiology Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On February 27, 2006, an Alabama cattle producer contacted his herd veterinarian and reported that he owned a cow that was down and unable to rise. He had last seen the cow approximately three days prior and had not noted any abnormalities at that time. U...

2006-01-01

105

Chemical Technician Manpower Survey: State of Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study was undertaken to assess the needs of Alabama's industry for chemical technicians and to determine the kinds and levels of skills required by major employers. Of the 75 organizations responding to the questionnaire with usable data, 62 were private industries, 6 were testing laboratories, and 7 were federal agencies. Generally, the…

Watkins, Donald; And Others

106

DISTRIBUTION OF PHYTOPLANKTON IN ALABAMA LAKES  

EPA Science Inventory

This is a data report presenting the species and abundance of phytoplankton in the 11 lakes sampled by the National Eutrophication Survey in the state of Alabama. Results from the calculation of several water quality indices are also included. (Portions of this document are not f...

107

Physical Education. Alabama Course of Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin prescribes the minimum course content for all physical education programs in the public schools of Alabama and is the basis from which physical education programs are developed by local education agencies. The document contains the following sections: (1) curriculum trends in physical education; (2) a conceptual framework for the…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

108

Alabama Kids Count 2002 Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Kids Count data book examines statewide trends in well-being of Alabamas children. The statistical portrait is based on 18 indicators in the areas of child health, education, safety, and security: (1) infant mortality rate; (2) low weight births; (3) child health index; (4) births to unmarried teens; (5) first grade retention; (6) school…

Curtis, Apreill; Bogie, Don

109

Alabama Kids Count 2001 Data Book.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Kids Count data book examines statewide trends in well-being for Alabama's children. The statistical portrait is based on 17 indicators in the areas of health, education, safety, and security. The indicators are: (1) infant mortality rate; (2) low weight births; (3) child health index; (4) births to unmarried teens; (5) first grade…

Curtis, Apreill; Bogie, Don

110

Alabama Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook. Final  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This workbook, submitted by the State of Alabama to the U.S. Department of Education, is for State Grants under Title IX, Part C, Section 9302 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Public Law 107-110). By January 31, 2003, States must complete and submit to the Department this Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook. The…

US Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

111

State Teacher Policy Yearbook, 2009. Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Alabama edition of the National Council on Teacher Quality's (NCTQ's) 2009 "State Teacher Policy Yearbook" is the third annual look at state policies impacting the teaching profession. It is hoped that this report will help focus attention on areas where state policymakers can make changes that will have a positive impact on teacher quality…

National Council on Teacher Quality, 2009

2009-01-01

112

State Education Finance and Governance Profile: Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the state education finance and governance profile of Alabama. The state is home to 1,538 public schools distributed across 67 county school systems and 64 city school systems. State spending is allocated via two separate budgets, "the general fund" for all noneducation related expenditures and the Education Trust Fund (ETF)…

Key, Logan

2010-01-01

113

Aflatoxin Contamination of Corn Hybrids in Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cereal Chem. 63(6):467-470 Aflatoxin contamination was determined for 215 corn hybrids; 38 were contamination averaged 110 ppb in the southern region in 1979. grown for 4-6 years and an additional 177 for 1-3 years. They were grown Contamination levels in 1976 and 1981 were low and uniform throughout at 12 locations in Alabama from 1976 until 1981. In 1977, corn

NORMAN D. DAVIS; CLIFFORD G. CURRIER; URBAN L. DIENER

1986-01-01

114

78 FR 47722 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Recovery Plan for Alabama Sturgeon  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...and Plants; Recovery Plan for Alabama Sturgeon AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service...recovery plan for the endangered Alabama sturgeon. The final plan includes specific recovery...INFORMATION: Background We listed the Alabama sturgeon (Scaphirhyncus suttkusi) as an...

2013-08-06

115

TRANSMISSION OF EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS IN CENTRAL ALABAMA  

PubMed Central

A site near Tuskegee, Alabama was examined for vector activity of eastern equine encephalomyelitis (EEE) virus in 2001. More than 23,000 mosquitoes representing 8 genera and 34 species were collected during a 21-week period, and five species, Culiseta melanura, Aedes vexans, Coquillettidia perturbans, Culex erraticus, and Uranotaenia sapphirina, were examined for the presence of virus using a nested reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction for EEE virus. Each species was infected at various times of the mosquito season (May–September) with different minimum infection rates (MIRs). Culiseta melanura had the highest MIR (20.2) and positive pools were detected from late May to mid-September. Aedes vexans had an MIR of 2.2 and was infected early in the season (June), while Cq. perturbans exhibited a much higher field infection rate (9.9) with all positive pools collected in August. Culiseta melanura is a likely endemic vector in central Alabama, while Ae. vexans and Cq. perturbans probably function as bridge vectors. Culex erraticus, the most common mosquito in the habitat (54% of total collections), had an MIR of 3.2, and was persistently infected from mid-June to mid-September. This is the first report of high rates of EEE virus infection in this species, a member of the tropical subgenus Melanoconion. Uranotaenia sapphirina, considered to feed on amphibians and possibly reptiles, had an MIR of 5.6, with positive pools spanning a four-month period. This suggests that species other than birds may serve as a reservoir for EEE in hardwood swamps in the Southeastern United States and elsewhere. The lengthy period of mosquito infection with EEE virus, coupled with the diverse habits of the vectors and their proximity to a population center, indicate the importance of monitoring EEE virus activity in the Mid-South.

CUPP, EDDIE W.; KLINGLER, KIMBERLY; HASSAN, HASSAN K.; VIGUERS, LESLIE M.; UNNASCH, THOMAS R.

2008-01-01

116

Characterization of dredged river sediments in 10 upland disposal sites of Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The US Bureau of Mines, Tuscaloosa Research Center in cooperation with the US Army Corps of Engineers under interagency Agreement No. 14-09-0078-1510, conducted a comprehensive sampling program of 10 upland disposal sites along the Alabama, Black Warrior, and Tombigbee River systems in Alabama. Samples from each site were characterized according to particle size, chemical analysis, mineralogical content, and potential end use. Additionally, samples were subjected to the Toxic Characteristic Leachate Procedure to determine the presence of potentially harmful heavy metals. Based on the results of these studies, each sample was determined to have properties amenable for use as aggregate in general-purpose portland cement concretes and certain asphalt concrete applications.

Smith, C.W.

1995-09-01

117

U.S. Geological Survey: Water Resources of Alabama  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains water data, publications, and links to current weather in Alabama and weather radar and satellite images. The water streamflow data includes daily streamflow conditions of the United States, national water conditions, current streamflow conditions, current rain gauges of Alabama Power, a current river summary, and current drought conditions in Alabama. The publications are about water-resource activities in Alabama, the J.B. Converse Lake Watershed Assessment, the National Water-Quality Assessment Programs for the Lower-Tennessee and Mobile river basins, and water resource programs of the USGS.

118

Union list of periodicals in Libraries at Fort Rucker, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This union list contains alphabetical listing of the holdings of six libraries at Fort Rucker, Alabama. Subject areas include aviation, medicine, general interest, education, safety, social science. (Author)

S. H. Bullock

1976-01-01

119

Pathfinder: Shuttle exhibit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This video introduces the Pathfinder Shuttle Exhibit, a joint project between the Marshall Space Flight Center and the State of Alabama's Space and Rocket Center in Huntsville. The exhibit features a never flown Shuttle vehicle, Pathfinder, that was used in early ground tests in the Shuttle Program, as well as an actual external fuel tank and set of booster rockets. The video includes footage of actual launches, the Pathfinder Shuttle Exhibit, and shots of the Space Camp at Alabama's Space and Rocket Center.

1988-08-01

120

Water quality of the Flint River basin, Alabama and Tennessee, 1999-2000  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey monitored eight stream sites in the Flint River Basin during the period January 1999 through May 2000, to characterize patterns in the occurrence of pesticides, fecal-indicator bacteria, and nutrients in relation to season and streamflow conditions and to land-use patterns. This study is part of the National Water-Quality Assessment Program, which was designed to assess water quality as it relates to various land uses. Every water sample collected from the Flint River Basin had detectable levels of at least two pesticides; 64 percent of the samples contained mixtures of at least five pesticides. In general, pesticides detected most frequently and at highest concentrations in streams corresponded to the pesticides with the highest rates of use in the watersheds. Detections of fluometuron, norflurazon, and atrazine were more frequent (by a margin of 15 percent or more) in samples from the Flint River when compared with the frequencies of pesticide detections at 62 agricultural stream sites across the Nation. Detections of fluometuron in the Flint River were more frequent even when compared with a cotton-cultivation subset of the 62 sites. For most pesticides, maximum concentrations did not exceed criteria to protect aquatic life; however, maximum concentrations of atrazine, cyanazine, and malathion exceeded aquaticlife criteria in at least one sample. Concentrations near or exceeding the aquatic-life criteria occurred only during the spring and summer (April-July), and generally occurred during storm flows. Less than 5 percent of the estimated mass of pesticides applied annually to agricultural areas in the Flint River Basin was transported to the stream at the monitoring points on the Flint River near Brownsboro, Alabama, and on Hester Creek near Plevna, Alabama. The pesticides with the highest ratios (greater than 3 percent) of the amount transported instream to the amount applied?atrazine, metolachlor, fluometuron, and norflurazon?are preemergent herbicides applied to the soil before the crops have emerged, which increases the probability of transport in surface runoff. Concentrations of the fecal-bacteria indicator Escherichia coli (E. coli) in the Flint River and Hester Creek exceeded the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency criterion for recreation in almost all storm samples, and in many samples collected up to 6 days following a storm. Concentrations in the Flint River were strongly correlated with sample turbidity, suggesting that turbidity might be useful as a surrogate for estimating E. coli concentrations. Concentrations of the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus in samples from the Flint River generally exceeded thresholds indicating eutrophic potential, whereas concentrations in samples from Hester Creek were generally below the thresholds. When compared with nutrient data from a set of 24 agricultural basins across the southeastern region of the United States, concentrations in the Flint River and Hester Creek were slightly above the regional median. Base-flow concentrations of certain pesticides, nutrients, and E. coli were compared to land-use information for eight sites in the Flint River Basin. The highest base-flow concentrations of aldicarb sulfoxide, fluometuron, and phosphorus were found in the tributaries with the greatest density of cotton acreage in the watershed. Similarly, high base-flow concentrations of total nitrogen were correlated with a high percentage of cultivated land in the watershed. Lack of information about distribution of stream access by livestock weakened the analysis of correlation between livestock and base-flow concentrations of E. coli and nutrients. Input of dissolved and suspended chemicals from the Flint River during storms influences water quality in the reach of the Tennessee River from which the City of Huntsville, Alabama, withdraws about 40 percent of its drinking water. During the storm of April 2-5, 2000, concentrations of several pesticides were

Hoos, Anne B.; Garrett, Jerry W.; Knight, Rodney R.

2002-01-01

121

Report on the Remedial Action to Isolate DDT from People and the Environment in the Huntsville Spring Branch, Indian Creek System, Wheeler Reservoir, Alabama: Review Panel Activities, (United States V. Olin Corporation Consent Decree), May 31, 1983-June 30, 1986.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Consent Decree requires the Olin Corporation to develop and implement a remedial plan that will meet a performance standard of 5 parts per million (ppM) of DDT in fillets of channel catfish, largemouth bass, and smallmouth buffalo in specified reaches...

1986-01-01

122

Proceedinags of the Southern Regional Information Exchange Group Biennial Symposium on Forest Genetics. 'Applications of Vegetative Propagation in Forestry'. Held in Huntsville, Alabama on July 8-10, 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Tissue Culture Micropropagation of Conifers; In Vitro Propagation of Hardwoods; Regeneration of the Genetically Engineered Conifer - The Importance of the Biological System; Macropropagation of Conifers by Stem Cuttings; Rooted Cutting Macroprop...

G. S. Foster A. M. Diner

1994-01-01

123

Alabama Cave Shrimp ('Palaemonias alabamae') 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Alabama cave shrimp is a rare, troglobitic cave shrimp that survives in only two of its three known locations. The population in its type locality, Shelta Cave, has not been seen since the early 1970s. Population levels in Bobcat Cave and the HGB (R. ...

2008-01-01

124

Alabama University Professor's View of the Birmingham Bombing Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents the views of Alabama university scholars regarding the historical significance of the 2001 trial of Thomas Blanton for his role in the Ku Klux Klan bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist church in Birmingham, Alabama thet killed four girls. Their discussions note the need to examine the American judicial system, the weak case against…

Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 2001

2001-01-01

125

Analysis of Shoreline Change At Little Lagoon, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In Alabama, the term 'coastal shoreline' applies to the gulf shoreline and the shorelines of estuaries, bays, and sounds connected to the Gulf of Mexico and subject to its tides. However, Alabama shoreline studies have yet to include Little Lagoon, which ...

G. R. Gibson

2006-01-01

126

25. VIEW OF ALABAMA (ALABAMIAN) FROM OFF PORT BOW; VESSEL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. VIEW OF ALABAMA (ALABAMIAN) FROM OFF PORT BOW; VESSEL AT ANCHOR ON STATION IN GULF OF MEXICO WITH MOTOR BOAT TIED AT STERN Original 4-3/4'x6-3/4' photograph taken c. 1930? - Pilot Schooner "Alabama", Moored in harbor at Vineyard Haven, Vineyard Haven, Dukes County, MA

127

24. STARBOARD PROFILE OF ALABAMA (ALABAMIAN); VESSEL AT ANCHOR ON ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

24. STARBOARD PROFILE OF ALABAMA (ALABAMIAN); VESSEL AT ANCHOR ON STATION IN GULF OF MEXICO WITH MOTOR BOAT TIED AT STERN Original 4-3/4'x6-3/4' photograph taken c. 1930? - Pilot Schooner "Alabama", Moored in harbor at Vineyard Haven, Vineyard Haven, Dukes County, MA

128

23. VIEW FROM STARBOARD BOW OF ALABAMA AS 'ALABAMIAN.' Uncopyrighted ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. VIEW FROM STARBOARD BOW OF ALABAMA AS 'ALABAMIAN.' Uncopyrighted 3-1/2'x5-5/8' postcard; image taken on station in Gulf of Mexico, c. 1930? - Pilot Schooner "Alabama", Moored in harbor at Vineyard Haven, Vineyard Haven, Dukes County, MA

129

Pilot Study of Red Light Camera in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Alabama and the City of Birmingham have been identified by a national safety organization as having red light running (RLR) fatality rates among the worst in the nation. This project confirmed that problem by identifying 47,501 RLR crashes in Alabama over...

T. Supriyasilp D. S. Turner J. K. Lindly

2003-01-01

130

14. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Southern RR at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Southern RR at Epes Alabama Great Southern RR bridge. View from S. Copy of photo taken in 1922 by Jack Donnell, Columbus, Ms. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms., Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

131

Workforce Illiteracy in Alabama: Report of the Survey Group.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A survey group of the State Literacy Workforce Development Council studied the impact of illiteracy on Alabama's work force and economy using census data. Findings indicated that 55 percent of Alabama's adults functioned at literacy levels inadequate to meet the demands of a modern, technical society. Costs to business and industry were lost…

Horne, Herbert R., Jr.; And Others

132

The Rural Alabama Pregnancy and Infant Health (RAPIH) Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of the Rural Alabama Pregnancy and Infant Health (RAPIH) Program was evaluated in relation to prenatal care, birth outcome measures, and several child health and home environment outcomes. Begun in 1983, RAPIH targets poor rural blacks in three of west-central Alabama's poorest counties, where economic conditions and infant mortality…

Leeper, J. D.; And Others

133

Alabama University Professor's View of the Birmingham Bombing Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the views of Alabama university scholars regarding the historical significance of the 2001 trial of Thomas Blanton for his role in the Ku Klux Klan bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist church in Birmingham, Alabama thet killed four girls. Their discussions note the need to examine the American judicial system, the weak case against Mr.…

Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, 2001

2001-01-01

134

The Status of Reading Instruction in Alabama Schools--1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In August 1973, the Alabama State legislature resolved that from 1973 through 1978, the top priority goal for education in Alabama should be proficiency in reading. This report to the legislature summarizes the status of reading instruction in the 1973-1974 and 1974-1975 academic years, including special reading-related programs and both city and…

Whetstone, B. D.; Shelton, John

135

Reservoir characterization of the Smackover Formation in southwest Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation is found in an arcuate belt in the subsurface from south Texas to panhandle Florida. The Smackover is the most prolific hydrocarbon-producing formation in Alabama and is an important hydrocarbon reservoir from Florida to Texas. In this report Smackover hydrocarbon reservoirs in southwest Alabama are described. Also, the nine enhanced- and improved-recovery projects that have been undertaken in the Smackover of Alabama are evaluated. The report concludes with recommendations about potential future enhanced- and improved-recovery projects in Smackover reservoirs in Alabama and an estimate of the potential volume of liquid hydrocarbons recoverable by enhanced- and improved-recovery methods from the Smackover of Alabama.

Kopaska-Merkel, D.C.; Hall, D.R.; Mann, S.D.; Tew, B.H.

1993-02-01

136

An alternative explanation for differential temperature trends at the surface and in the lower troposphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates surface and satellite temperature trends over the period from 1979 to 2008. Surface temperature data sets from the National Climate Data Center and the Hadley Center show larger trends over the 30-year period than the lower-tropospheric data from the University of Alabama in Huntsville and Remote Sensing Systems data sets. The differences between trends observed in the

Philip J. Klotzbach; Roger A. Pielke Sr; Roger A. Pielke Jr; John R. Christy; Richard T. McNider

2009-01-01

137

Saturn V launch vehicle digital computer and data adapter  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the IBM Space Guidance Center's part in the Saturn V Program and the digital computer and data adapter being developed for the Saturn V booster. This work is being performed under contract to NASA under direction of the Marshall Space Filight Center, Huntsville, Alabama.

M. M. Dickinson; J. B. Jackson; G. C. Randa

1964-01-01

138

Sweet Home Alabama: Hot Spot for Phylogeography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Phylogeographers use molecular methods to map herpetological biodiversity in the heart of Dixie. In the mid-1990s, the diversity of freshwater fishes, snails, mussels, and turtles endemic to the waterways of Alabama and neighboring states prompted biologists to call for more attention to the region. They noted that conservation measures there were not comparable to efforts being made in tropical locations, even though the aquatic systems of Alabama qualified as hot spots. Now, using molecular methods, phylogeographers are documenting and expanding the understanding of the amphibian biodiversity of the regionâÂÂand continuing to call for conservation. Researchers in the field of phylogeography, founded two decades ago, use such strategies as ecological niche modeling and gene sequencing to map where species occur and to determine how they vary genetically across their range. Comparative phylogeographers then look for common genetic breaks across various species. By mapping breaks for many species across a landscape, researchers gain clues about when adaptations may have occurred and what may have prompted them.

Amy Mayer (freelancer;)

2009-04-01

139

Recommended Zoning Ordinance of the City of Auburn, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document covers an ordinance to provide the establishment of districts within the corporate limits of the City of Auburn, Alabama; to regulate within such districts the height, number of stories and size of buildings and other structures, the percenta...

1968-01-01

140

40 CFR 282.50 - Alabama State-Administered Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) APPROVED UNDERGROUND STORAGE TANK PROGRAMS Approved State...administer and enforce an underground storage tank program in lieu of the...on the approved Alabama underground storage tank program concurrently...

2013-07-01

141

Eastern hemlock decline in riparian areas from Maine to Alabama  

Treesearch

We found hemlock woolly adelgid present at 25 of 49 stands from ... New England states, Ohio, western Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and Alabama had good ... many of which are in the mid-Atlantic and southern states at sites dominated by shrubs ...

142

8. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of U.S. 11, N of Epes Southern RR. lift span, from SW. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

143

11. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of U.S. 11 N of Epes Southern RR. lift span, S tower. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, MS. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

144

Health Team Effectiveness on Health Status in Lawrence County, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of health teams in Lawrence County, Alabama. Three measures of physical function were evaluated: Function Status Index (FSI), Index of Well-Being (IWB) and Sickness Impact Profile (SIP). Each scale was found ...

D. L. Miles

1977-01-01

145

76 FR 27740 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/ 2011. Incident: Severe storms, tornadoes, straight-line winds, and flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date:...

2011-05-12

146

76 FR 30225 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00037  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Public Assistance Only for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 05/10/2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date:...

2011-05-24

147

76 FR 27139 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/ 2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 and continuing. Effective Date:...

2011-05-10

148

75 FR 27844 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00031  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Public Assistance Only for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1908-DR), dated 05/03/2010. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/24/2010 through 04/25/2010. DATES: Effective...

2010-05-18

149

Model forest landowners in Alabama: are they different from typical ...  

Treesearch

... percentage of family forest owners have written management plans or make use ... to take steps to increase the use of professional forestry assistance by family ... to empirical data from a random sample of forest landowners in two Alabama ...

150

46. LINED SECTION OF AQUEDUCT LOOKING NORTH TO ALABAMA HILLS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

46. LINED SECTION OF AQUEDUCT LOOKING NORTH TO ALABAMA HILLS - Los Angeles Aqueduct, From Lee Vining Intake (Mammoth Lakes) to Van Norman Reservoir Complex (San Fernando Valley), Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, CA

151

EFFECT OF WEATHER ON SPRING BIRD MIGRATION IN NORTHERN ALABAMA  

Microsoft Academic Search

N VIEW of current interest in trans-Gulf migration, I herewith present the results of a four-year study (1947-1950) of the correlation of spring bird movement with weather at Birmingham, Alabama. In a large area of the Gulf States of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida, true transient birds are notably scarce in spring (Lowery, 1946; Williams, 1950a and 1950b; and

THOMAS A. IMHOF

152

Space Shuttle Main Engine plume diagnostics: OPAD approach to vehicle health monitoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of applying spectroscopy to the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) for plume diagnostics, as it exists today, originated at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, and its implementation was assured largely through the efforts of Sverdrup, AEDC, in Tullahoma, Tennessee. This process, Optical Plume Anomaly Detection (OPAD), has formed the basis for various efforts in the development

W. T. Powers; A. E. Cooper; T. L. Wallace; W. L. Buntine; K. Whitaker

1993-01-01

153

Alabama's Education Coalition Focuses on Supporting the State's Math, Science and Technology Initiative and on Building Distance Learning Programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Alabama Math Science Technology Educational Coalition (AMSTEC) was formed as a non-profit after a 1998 NASA Linking Leaders program brought in education and corporate leaders to address systemic education reform in Alabama public schools. AMSTEC was instrumental in the creation of the Alabama Math Science Technology Initiative (AMSTI), a K-12 program designed using data from national and international research and local teacher survey. In the face of dwindling government support in a state ranked last in education funding, AMSTEC believes that its best hope for improved STEM education lies in strengthening its community/industry partnerships and building upon the Department of Education's newly created AMSTI program. NASA's GLOBE program is the primary earth science education component being integrated into AMSTI. AMSTI is structured to provide teachers with (1) the materials, equipment, technology and supplies necessary to deliver high quality, inquiry-based instruction; (2) professional development linked directly to the educational resources with the intent of strengthening content knowledge, instructional strategies, and use of assessment tools; and (3) on-site support and mentoring throughout the year in the interest of achieving these goals. Roles for community partners to support these objectives far exceed that of mere funding - especially in the area of mentoring and professional development. Currently, AMSTEC consists of 100+ members including classroom teachers and district officers, education department representatives from higher educational institutions, policy makers and administrators, and government and industry representatives. AMSTEC remains partially tied to NASA fiscally and is administratively housed by the National Space Science and Technology Center's Earth System Science Center. AMSTEC's partnership emphasis is focused on increasing corporate and industry participation to support the implementation of AMSTI and its hub-site-based program. Future foci for AMSTEC are development and implementation of distance learning programs across Alabama's K-12 public schools.

Denson, R. L.

2003-12-01

154

Assessment, water-quality trends, and options for remediation of acidic drainage from abandoned coal mines near Huntsville, Missouri, 2003-2004  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water from abandoned underground coal mines acidifies receiving streams in the Sugar Creek Basin and Mitchell Mine Basin near Huntsville, Missouri. A 4.35-kilometer (2.7-mile) reach of Sugar Creek has been classified as impaired based on Missouri's Water Quality Standards because of small pH values [< (less than) 6.5]. Samples collected from Sugar Creek from July 2003 to June 2004 did not have pH values outside of the specified range of 6.5 to 9.0. However, large concentrations of iron [416 to 2,320 mg/L (milligrams per liter)], manganese (8.36 to 33.5 mg/L), aluminum (0.870 to 428 mg/L), and sulfate (2,990 to 13,700 mg/L) in acidic mine drainage (AMD) from two mine springs as well as small and diffuse seeps were observed to have an effect on water quality in Sugar Creek. Metal and sulfate loads increased and pH decreased immediately downstream from Sugar Creek's confluence with the Calfee Slope and Huntsville Gob drainages that discharge AMD into Sugar Creek. Similar effects were observed in the Mitchell Mine drainage that receives AMD from a large mine spring. Comparisons of water-quality samples from this study and two previous studies by the U.S. Geological Survey in 1987-1988 and the Missouri Department of Natural Resources in 2000-2002 indicate that AMD generation in the Sugar Creek Basin and Mitchell Mine Basin is declining, but the data are insufficient to quantify any trends or time frame. AMD samples from the largest mine spring in the Calfee Slope subbasin indicated a modest but significant increase in median pH from 4.8 to 5.2 using the Wilcoxan rank-sum test (p <0.05) and a decrease in median specific conductance from 5,000 to 3,540 ?S/cm (microsiemens per centimeter at 25 degrees Celsius) during a 17-year period. AMD samples from the largest mine spring in the Mitchell Mine Basin indicated an increase in median pH values from 5.6 to 6.0 and a decrease in median specific conductance from 3,050 to 2,450 ?S/cm during the same period. Remediation of AMD at or near the sites of the three largest mine springs is geochemically feasible based on alkalinity addition rates and increased pH determined by cubitainer experiments and geochemical mixing experiments using the computer model PHREEQCI. Alkalinity values for seven cubitainer experiments conducted to simulate anoxic treatment options exceeded the targeted value for alkalinity [90 mg/L as calcium carbonate (CaCO3)] specified in Missouri's Total Maximum Daily Load program by 18 percent or more, but maximum pH values were between 6.2 and 6.3, which is less than the targeted pH value of 6.5. Treatment of AMD by mixing with stream water or sewage effluent can further increase pH as indicated by geochemical modeling, but will not totally achieve water-quality goals because of limited discharges. A combination of treatments including settling ponds, oxic or anoxic limestone drains, and possibly successive alkalinity producing systems to remediate AMD will likely be required in the Sugar Creek Basin and Mitchell Mine Basin to consistently meet Missouri's Water Quality Standards.

Christensen, Eric D.

2005-01-01

155

High school football injuries in Birmingham, Alabama.  

PubMed

To investigate high school football injuries, we analyzed 1,877 injuries (661 game, 1,216 practice) treated from 1976 through 1979 at the Sports Medicine Clinic at the University of Alabama in Birmingham. The common injury types were sprain (32.2%), contusion (24.8%), strain (12.4%), fracture (11.0%), tear (3.8%), dislocation (2.1%), myositis ossificans (1.4%), tendinitis (1.3%), and concussion (1.0%). Position of the player injured was quarterback (8.7%), running back (19.6%), receiver (12.4%), offensive lineman (23.7%), defensive lineman (10.2%), defensive back (9.2%), and linebacker (9.0%). Body areas affected included head/neck (7.6%), shoulder (13.3%), upper arm (1.4%), elbow (3.4%), lower arm (2.0%), wrist (2.9%), hand/fingers (11.9%), chest/ribs (3.4%), back (4.9%), abdomen (0.7%), groin (0.7%), hip (2.4%), upper leg (4.6%), knee (22.2%), lower leg (4.0%), ankle (10.9%), and foot/toes (4.2%). These data are similar to those in previous reports, although subtle differences suggest variations in injury patterns due to rule changes and equipment modification. PMID:6867797

Culpepper, M I; Niemann, K M

1983-07-01

156

Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development Facility, Wilsonville, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results from Run 258 at the Advanced Coal Liquefaction Pilot Plant at the Clean Coal Research Center, Wilsonville, Alabama. The run began on May 19, 1989 and continued through November 8, 1989, operating in the Close-Coupled Integrated Two-Stage Liquefaction (CC-ITSL) thermal/catalytic mode processing subbituminous coal. Both reactors were operated at half-volume. Coals from two different mines were processed in this run -- a Spring Creek mine (Anderson-Dietz seam in Montana) and a Black Thunder mine (Wyodak Anderson seam in Wyoming) -- to determine the preferable coal for future subbituminous coal liquefaction processing. (Tests were conducted to investigate the effects on coal conversion of increasing the iron oxide concentration in the coal feed slurry and to study the effects of increasing the coal feed rate and the first stage thermal temperature while maintaining equivalent thermal reaction severities). The effects of space velocity, recycle process solvent composition, first and second stage reactor temperatures, and coal feed rate were also investigated. An aged catalyst from a previous Wilsonville run was charged to the second stage reactor to eliminate run time used to age catalyst to equilibrium age. Catalyst replacement started at the beginning of the run and continued until October 11, 1989. At that time, the aged catalyst was removed from the reactor and was replaced with fresh presulfided catalyst to determine a deactivation rate with Black Thunder coal. Batch deactivation continued until the catalyst reached an age equivalent to the desired replacement rate, after which replacement resumed. 96 figs., 27 tabs.

Not Available

1991-05-01

157

30 CFR 901.25 - Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments. 901.25 Section...Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE...Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan amendments. The...

2013-07-01

158

30 CFR 901.20 - Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. 901.20 Section 901.20...Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE...Approval of Alabama abandoned mine land reclamation plan. The Secretary approved...

2013-07-01

159

Choctawhatchee Beach Mouse, Perdido Key Beach Mouse and Alabama Beach Mouse Recovery Plan.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The old field mouse (Peromyscus polionotus) is distributed throughout northeastern Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, and Florida. Certain subspecies occur on beaches and dunes of the Atlantic coast of Florida and the Gulf Coast of Alabama and...

1987-01-01

160

40 CFR 81.266 - Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Alabama and Tombigbee Rivers Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. 81.266 Section 81...CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of Air Quality Control Regions § 81.266 Alabama...

2013-07-01

161

Children in Need of Supervision (CHINS): A New Concept in Alabama Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report describes youth affected by a provision in the Alabama Judicial Code called CHINS -- Children in Need of Supervision. It addresses the personnel in Alabama's public and private agencies at all levels, such as judges, juvenile probation officer...

M. R. Lewis

1977-01-01

162

77 FR 38796 - Alabama Power Company; Holt Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Revised Restricted Service List for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Alabama] Alabama Power Company; Holt Hydroelectric Project; Notice of Revised Restricted...issuance of a new license for the Holt Hydroelectric Project No. 2203. The programmatic...restricted service list for the Holt Hydroelectric Project. On June 21, 2012, the...

2012-06-29

163

Origin of Smackover Dolomites: Southwest Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Dolomite is a major component of the Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation in southwest Alabama Dolomite comprises most of the unit in updip areas and across paleohighs. The amount of dolomite decreases basinward where dolomite is restricted for the most part to the upper and lower parts of the Smackover. Paragenetic relationships indicate that the majority of the replacement dolomite formed early in the diagenetic history of the Smackover, prior to or contemporaneous with deposition of overlying Buckner evaporites. On the basis of isotopic composition, two major types of replacement dolomite can be identified. Type 1 dolomites are characterized by positive (0.0 to +3.1{per thousand} PDB) {delta}{sup 18}O values. They are restricted to the uppermost and lowermost parts of the Smackover in the depositional basins, but comprise virtually the entire Smackover section over paleohighs. Type 2 dolomites are characterized by negative ({minus}0.1 to {minus}5.9{per thousand}) {delta}{sup 18}O signatures and comprise most Smackover dolomite in downdip areas. {delta}{sup 13}C values for both types range from +6.4 to +2.6 and show a regular downward decrease within the Smackover. The distribution, timing of formation, and isotopic composition of the dolomites indicate two distinct mechanisms were responsible for dolomite formation. The isotopically heavy type 1 dolomites were brine derived and formed during refluxion of brines from Smackover and Buckner sabkhas or brine pools. The type 2 dolomites formed from mixed marine and meteoric waters. Dolomitization occurred in isolated mixing zones that developed around shoal complexes during short-term falls of eustatic sea level. The distribution of dolomite and specific dolomitization mechanisms in any area are a function of eustatic sea level fluctuations and paleotopography.

Benson, D.J. (Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (USA))

1990-05-01

164

Geomorphology of coastal sand dunes, Baldwin County, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Alabama's coastal eolian deposits are primarily vegetated dunes that are exemplified by sand ridges with flat to undulating upper surfaces and continuous irregular crests. Dune fields occur along Morgan peninsula between the foredune line and Little Lagoon and the Mobile Bay area. These dune fields consist primarily of one or more continuous ridges that parallel the coast and are generally vegetaed to grassy. Washover of the beach and backshore during Hurricane Frederic (1979) and subsequent smaller scale storms resulted in significant erosion of many of Alabama's dune fields. The primary dunes or foredunes are beginning to recover from the effects of these storms; however, numerous breaks in the primary dune line are present. Sand dunes in coastal Alabama provide protection against storm-generated waves and washover. The foredunes are protected by adherence to a Coastal Construction Control Line (CCCL) or construction setback line identified by markers along coastal Baldwin County.

Bearden, Bennett, L.; Hummell, Richard, L.; Mink, Robert, M.

1989-01-01

165

Current water resources activities in Alabama, fiscal year 1986  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The purpose of this report is to describe the current (as of 1986) water resources activities of the U.S. Geological Survey in Alabama. The responsibilities and objectives of the Survey; organization of the Alabama District; sources of funding; current projects; hydrologic data program; and a selected bibliography of hydrologic reports are presented. Water resources projects are undertaken usually at the request of and with partial funding from another agency, provided: they are high priority problems and generally identified to fall within the mission of the Water Resources Division and they are consistent with the Program Management Plan developed by the Water Resources Division in Alabama to meet the long range plan for hydrologic data in the State. (USGS)

Slack, L. J.; Meadows, E. A.

1986-01-01

166

Reporting on the Holocaust: the view from Jim Crow Alabama.  

PubMed

The press in Alabama covered major events taking place in Germany from the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazis in 1933 through the Nuremberg Trials in 1946. Journalists in the state provided extensive coverage, and editors did not hesitate to opine on the persecution of the Jews in Europe. Yet, Alabama’s white-run press failed in the end to explain the events as a singularly Jewish tragedy. The state’s black-run press, for its part, used the news of the mass killings of the Jews to warn against the dangers of conceptions of racial superiority—a primary concern for black southerners living in the Jim Crow South. PMID:22073444

Puckett, Dan J

2011-01-01

167

Alabama's Cullars Rotation: The Oldest, Continuous Soil Fertility Experiment in the South  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In 1911, Alabama Agricultural and Experiment Station at Alabama Polytechnic Institute (now Auburn University) received state funding to conduct fertilizer experiments on farmers' fields throughout Alabama. One of those fields was near Auburn on the farm of J.A. Cullars. Today, the “Cullars Rotation”...

168

Today's Students, Tomorrow's Citizens: Pathways for Learning, Science. Alabama High School Graduation Exam.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document introduces the Alabama Graduation Examination Program (AGEP) which provides learning opportunities for high school students to meet the minimum competency requirements to earn a high school diploma in the state of Alabama. The Alabama High School Graduation Examination (AHSGE) content includes the subject areas of reading…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Div. of Instructional Services.

169

Today's Students, Tomorrow's Citizens: Pathways for Learning, Science. Alabama High School Graduation Exam.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document introduces the Alabama Graduation Examination Program (AGEP) which provides learning opportunities for high school students to meet the minimum competency requirements to earn a high school diploma in the state of Alabama. The Alabama High School Graduation Examination (AHSGE) content includes the subject areas of reading…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery. Div. of Instructional Services.

170

78 FR 21924 - Alabama Power Company; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and Soliciting Comments...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...618-195] Alabama Power Company; Notice of Application...notice that the following hydroelectric application has been...Applicant: Alabama Power Company. e. Name of...Application: Alabama Power Company seeks approval to replace the Unit 4 turbine at the Jordan Dam...

2013-04-12

171

Perception of Alabama Science and Career Technology Teachers Concerning Teaching the Alabama Aquaculture Course of Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to improve teachers' ability to effectively use aquaculture as a tool to teach math and science. The study population included Alabama science and career tech teachers that were certified to teach the Alabama aquaculture course of study. The teachers were electronically surveyed regarding their perceptions of the importance of the aquascience elective and aquaculture science course content standards, their knowledge of those topics and how they perceived the quality of available teaching materials. While all of the content standards were rated above average in importance, aquaculture career awareness and safety concerns were rated the highest by teachers. Teachers were most knowledgeable about career opportunities, categorization of aquaculture species, and the adaptations of aquatic organisms. The average materials ratings were below average for all content standards. The highest rated materials were for career opportunities, categorization of species and safety topics. Using Borich's (1980) model of mean weighted discrepancy scores, the control of diseases and pests in the aquatic environment and concepts associated with health management of aquacrops were identified as top priorities for in-service teacher training. Aquaculture industry infrastructure and the effects of the fishing industry were also identified as priority training topics. Teachers were self-divided into 3 categories those that taught science (SCI), career tech (CTE) and those that taught both (BOTH). They were further divided by their level of experience. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) revealed a significant effect between teacher types but there was no significant interaction effect between (a) teacher type and experience level or (b) the two levels of experience. A follow-up analysis of variance (ANOVA) indicated that the science teachers thought significantly less of the available materials than either the CTE or BOTH groups.

Cline, David John

172

Coalbed Methane Geostatistical Analysis Project: Oak Grove, Alabama. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the coalbed methane geostatistical study was to identify correlations between geologic parameters and gas production for wells completed in the Oak Grove field in Alabama. The study area consisted of 23 wells in the primary degasification grid and 15 wells adjacent to the grid. All data obtained from reports from lineament maps were screened for consistency and

F. Caceres; S. Pratt; E. Robey; R. Wojewodka

1985-01-01

173

Proceedings of the Alabama State Conferences on Smoking and Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document encompasses the proceedings from the Alabama State Conference and the five District State Conferences on Smoking and Health. It is stated that, as pilot programs, these conferences were designed to develop guidelines that might serve in planning, organizing, and administering future Leadership Development Conferences on Smoking and…

American Association for Health, Physical Education, and Recreation, Washington, DC.

174

Statistical Abstract: Higher Education in Alabama, 1999-2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report provides data and reference information on Alabama's public institutions of higher education and private universities and colleges. After an institutional data summary (public four-year institutions, public two-year institutions, and private institutions), the first section examines current enrollment data (e.g., general…

Alabama State Commission on Higher Education, Montgomery.

175

Alternative N sources for corn and cotton in Alabama  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Because of high fertilizer N prices, growers are interested in using less expensive sources of N and using fertilizer additives to reduce ammonia volatilization losses from urea sources. An experiment on a Lucedale fine sandy loam in Central Alabama (Prattville Research Unit) was conducted in 2007 ...

176

Smoking, Sociodemographic Determinants, and Stress in the Alabama Black Belt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: In the Alabama Black Belt, poverty is high, and the educational level is low. Studies have found increased tobacco use among individuals exposed to high levels of stress. Few studies have been conducted in this region to measure smoking status, its sociodemographic determinants, and how smoking status relates to stressful environmental…

Shuaib, Faisal; Foushee, H. R.; Ehiri, John; Bagchi, Suparna; Baumann, Angela; Kohler, Connie

2011-01-01

177

Cardboard Houses with Wings: The Architecture of Alabama's Rural Studio  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Rural Studio, an outreach program of Auburn University, designs innovative houses for poor people living in Alabama's Hale County by using "junk" such as car windshields, carpet tiles, baled cardboard, and old license plates. The article theorizes this particular architecture in terms of Critical Regionalism, developed by Tzonis/Lefaivre and…

Botz-Bornstein, Thorsten

2010-01-01

178

Upward-shoaling cycles in Smackover carbonates of southwest Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Upper Smackover strata in Alabama commonly consist of one or more upward-shoaling cycles about 15 to 50 ft (3 to 16 m) in thickness. Multiple forcing functions (eustasy, regional tilting, salt halokinesis, and autogenic migration of facies) and varying water depths at the start and end of each upward-shoaling cycle generated an array of sedimentary responses. The Brittain No. 1

D. C. Kopaska-Merkel; S. D. Mann

1993-01-01

179

Marketing Education. Alabama Course of Study. Bulletin 1996, No. 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide, which is intended for classroom teachers, supervisors, and administrators throughout Alabama, contains the minimum required content (core program) for public school instruction in marketing education in grades 7-12. Presented first are the following: introduction examining the mission, purpose, goals, and structure of marketing…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

180

10. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of U.S. 11 of Epes Wouthern RR. lift span, wide=angle view from SW. bank. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

181

9. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of U.S. 11 N of Epes Southern RR. lift span, view from S approach. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

182

12. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just N of U.S. 11 N of Epes Southern RR. lift span, wide angle side view from SE. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

183

State of Alabama Fiscal Year 2010. Annual Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The overall strategic program goal of the Alabama Office of Highway Safety(AOHS) continues the strategy and focus that was originally laid out in the FY 2008 HSP. The strategy and focus continued in the FY 2009 HSP and FY 2010 HSP for identifying and focu...

2010-01-01

184

Marketing Education. Alabama Course of Study. Bulletin 1990, No. 55.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course of study provides a framework for the content of a program in marketing education as part of the Alabama vocational education program. The course of study was designed to assist educators in developing and maintaining high quality vocational programs and to ensure uniformity of vocational programs. Following a description of the…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

185

76 FR 39149 - Alabama Disaster Number AL-00036  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...declaration of a major disaster for the State of Alabama (FEMA-1971-DR), dated 04/28/ 2011. Incident: Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding. Incident Period: 04/15/2011 through 05/31/2011. Effective Date:...

2011-07-05

186

Alabama Public Library Service: Library Directory and 1997 Statistical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides a directory of Alabama Public Library Service public libraries, single-county public library systems, multi-county public library systems, and multi-type library systems, and presents a 1997 statistical report. Individual library statistics are tabulated for public library systems on: service outlets, staff, and hours;…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

187

Alabama Public Library Service: Library Directory and 1998 Statistical Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides a directory of Alabama Public Library Service libraries, single-county public library systems, multi-county public library systems, and multi-type library systems, and presents a 1998 statistical report. Individual library statistics are tabulated for public library systems on: service outlets, staff, and hours; print and…

Alabama Public Library Service, Montgomery.

188

Conservation Systems for Cotton Production in Central Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soils with low organic matter are susceptible to soil compaction, which inhibits root development and subsequent nutrient and water uptake. Previous surveys have identified fields with low organic matter contents and shallow compacted zones in the cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) production region of central Alabama, USA. We initiated a field experiment in 2003 on a Lucedale fine sandy loam (fine-loamy,

K. S. Balkcom; F. J. Arriaga; R. L. Raper

189

Phenolic Content and Antioxidant Capacities of Alabama – Grown Thornless Blackberries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total phenolics (TPH), flavonoids (TF), monomeric anthocyanins (ACY), and Vitamin C Equivalent Antioxidant Capacities (VCEAC) utilizing ABTS and DPPH radical scavenging assays were determined for five fully ripened blackberries cultivars (‘Loch Ness’, ‘Navaho’, ‘Arapaho’, ‘Apache’, and ‘Triple Crown’) of Rubus spp. grown in Alabama. The ABTS and DPPH methods were highly correlated (R?=?0.897) and the ABTS method was better for

Ming-Wei S. Kao; Floyd M. Woods; William A. Dozier; Robert C. Ebel; Monte Nesbitt; Junbae Jee; Deacue Fields

2008-01-01

190

Triassic\\/Jurassic faulting patterns of Conecuh Ridge, southwest Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two major fault systems influenced Jurassic structure and deposition on the Conecuh Ridge, southwest Alabama. Identification and dating of these fault systems are based on seismic-stratigraphic interpretation of a 7-township grid in Monroe and Conecuh Counties. Relative time of faulting is determined by fault geometry and by formation isopachs and isochrons. Smackover and Norphlet Formations, both Late Jurassic in age,

Hutley

1985-01-01

191

Agribusiness Education. Alabama Course of Study. Bulletin 1990, No. 60.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This course of study provides a framework for the content of a program in agribusiness education as part of the Alabama vocational education program. The course of study was designed to assist educators in developing and maintaining high quality vocational programs and to ensure uniformity of vocational programs. Following a description of the…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

192

Marketing Education. Alabama Course of Study. Bulletin 1990, No. 55.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This course of study provides a framework for the content of a program in marketing education as part of the Alabama vocational education program. The course of study was designed to assist educators in developing and maintaining high quality vocational programs and to ensure uniformity of vocational programs. Following a description of the…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

193

Back to the Basics: Birmingham, Alabama, Measurement and Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Back to the Basics: Birmingham, Alabama" is the fourth in a series of workshops that focus on teaching foundational map reading and spatial differentiation skills. It is the second published exercise from the Back to the Basics series developed by the Wetland Education through Maps and Aerial Photography (WETMAAP) Program (see "Journal of…

Handley, Lawrence R.; Lockwood, Catherine M.; Handley, Nathan

2005-01-01

194

Foraminifera from Paleocene Clayton Formation lithostratotype, Barbour Count, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

A detailed search of the Clayton lithostratotype for microfossils has produced the first significant foraminifera fauna from the section and only the second occurrence of foraminifera in the Clayton Formation in eastern Alabama. The fauna is well preserved, but low in abundance and diversity; all assemblages are dominated by species of Anomalinoides. No planktonic species were identified in the studied samples. The benthic assemblages bear little resemblance to the more diverse foraminifera faunas of the Pine Barren and McBryde Members of the Clayton in western Alabama. The fauna from the Clayton lithostratotype closely resembles an assemblage collected from a sand unit within the middle part of the Porters Creek Formation of Butler County, Alabama. Biostratigraphic information is presently unavailable for the Clayton Formation in eastern Alabama; therefore, the authors cannot determine whether the Clayton and Porters Creek are time-equivalent units. However, occurrences of like foraminiferal assemblages imply equivalent paleoecologic conditions, and similarities in lithology are found between the Clayton Formation at its stratotype and the Porters Creek in Butler County, both of which indicate that both units represent the same depositional aspect of the early Paleocene transgressive-regressive cycle.

Fluegeman, R.H. Jr.

1986-05-01

195

National Environmental/Energy Workforce Assessment for Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents existing workforce levels, training programs and career potentials and develops staffing level projections (1976-1982) based on available information for the State of Alabama. The study concerns itself with the environmental pollution control areas of air, noise, potable water, pesticides, radiation, solid waste, wastewater,…

National Field Research Center Inc., Iowa City, IA.

196

The evolution of a community-based telepsychiatry program in rural Alabama: lessons learned-a brief report.  

PubMed

The purpose of this paper is to describe the partnership between a community-based rural mental health clinic and an academic health center to provide telepsychiatry services in rural Alabama. The partnership was developed to meet the needs of a clinic that serves an underserved rural population with limited psychiatric services. This paper offers valuable lessons learned for mental health practitioners who may be considering the benefits and challenges of forming community-based partnerships in use of telepsychiatry to build capacity to deliver clinical mental health services to rural mental health shortage areas. PMID:22322325

Ulzen, Thaddeus; Williamson, Lloyda; Foster, Pamela Payne; Parris-Barnes, Kelley

2012-02-10

197

50 CFR 32.20 - Alabama.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...prohibit bow fishing. 6. We prohibit the use of airboats, hovercraft, and inboard waterthrust boats such as, but not limited...adjacent to the visitor center. 4. We prohibit airboats and hovercraft on all waters within the refuge boundaries. 5. We...

2010-10-01

198

50 CFR 32.20 - Alabama.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...prohibit bow fishing. 6. We prohibit the use of airboats, hovercraft, and inboard waterthrust boats such as, but not limited...adjacent to the visitor center. 4. We prohibit airboats and hovercraft on all waters within the refuge boundaries. 5. We...

2009-10-01

199

Structural control of coalbed methane production in Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thin-skinned structures are distributed throughout the Alabama coalbed methane fields, and these structures affect the production of gas and water from coal-bearing strata. Extensional structures in Deerlick Creek and Cedar Cove fields include normal faults and hanging-wall rollovers, and area balancing indicates that these structures are detached in the Pottsville Formation. Compressional folds in Gurnee and Oak Grove fields, by

Jack C Pashin; Richard H Groshong

1998-01-01

200

The isolation of spiroplasmas from mosquitoes in Macon County, Alabama.  

PubMed

During the summer months of 1985, 1,298 adult mosquitoes comprising 21 species and 7 genera were collected in Macon County, Alabama. Mosquitoes were collected from four sections of the county with CO2-baited light traps. Spiroplasma cultures were isolated from two pools of 24 and 25 Aedes fulvus pallens, one pool of 22 Anopheles punctipennis and one pool of 7 Culex nigripalpus. Electron microscopic studies of the isolates revealed helical, wall-less cells. PMID:2904950

Shaikh, A A; Johnson, W E; Stevens, C; Tang, A Y

1987-06-01

201

Temperate Pollen Genera in the Eocene (Claiborne) Flora, Alabama.  

PubMed

Pollen, spores, hystrichospherids, dinoflagellates, and the fresh-water alga Pediastrum occur in marine clays at the classic Claiborne Bluffs locality, Alabama. The presence of Ephedra pollen provides the first documented Tertiary record of this genus from the southeastern states. The occurrence of several characteristically temperate genera lends support to the idea that a deciduous hardwood forest was present in the Appalachian uplands during the Eocene. PMID:17813748

Gray, J

1960-09-23

202

Breastfeeding Among Women in the Alabama WIC Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women who participated in the Alabama WIC Program during 1986-88 and ceased breastfeeding during the months of May to August duringthoseyearsbreastfed an average 5.6months. Slightly fewer than 15 percent of the women who breastfed continued for 12 months or longer; 45 percent continued for six months; 59 percent did so for 4 months; and 21 percent breastfed for one month

Jane E. Bagwell; Olivia W. Kendrick; Kathleen R. Stitt; James D. Leeper; Marrin L. Espy; Mary Lou Gedel

1992-01-01

203

Mississippi/Alabama Pinnacle Trend Ecosystem Monitoring Final Synthesis Report  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This Final Synthesis Report summarizes a four-year program to characterize and monitor carbonate mounds on the Mississippi/Alabama outer continental shelf (OCS). The study area is shown in Fig.ES.1. The study was conducted by Continental Shelf Associates, Inc. and the Geochemical and Environmental Research Group (GERG) of Texas A&M University (TAMU), for the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Biological Resources Division.

Continental Shelf Associates, Inc.; Texas A&M University, Geochemical and Environmental Research Group

2001-01-01

204

Relations between Reservoir Hydrology and Crappie Recruitment in Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relation between reservoir hydrology and recruitment of black crappies Pomoxis nigromaculatus and white crappies P. annularis was examined in 11 reservoirs throughout Alabama from 1990 to 1996. Estimates of recruitment were derived from catch rates of age-1 fish in the fall with trap nets and from residuals associated with catch-curve regressions of age 3–7 fish captured in the spring

Michael J. Maceina; Marc R. Stimpert

1998-01-01

205

ESEA Chapter I: Region C Technical Assistance Center. Annual Report: July 1, 1992 through June 30, 1993.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Region C Technical Assistance Center (TAC) and Region 3 Rural Technical Assistance Center (R-TAC) provide Chapter I support and technical assistance to state and local education agencies in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia. Region C encompasses a mix of urban centers and rural…

Educational Testing Service, Atlanta, GA.

206

Floods of April 1979, Mississippi, Alabama, and Georgia  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A major storm April 11-13, 1979, following a series of storms in March and April, brought large amounts of rainfall over southeastern United States. Heaviest rain fell over north-central Mississippi and Alabama. A maximum of 21.5 inches was observed at Louisville, 14 SE, Mississippi. Floods in Mississippi and Alabama were the maximum of record at 60 streamflow gaging stations in the Coosa, Alabama, Tombigbee, Chickasawhay, Pearl, and Big Black River basins. On the Pearl River, peak discharges at main stem gaging stations generally approached or exceeded those of the great flood of 1874, and recurrence intervals generally were greater than 100 years. Nine lives were reported lost. Estimated damages totaled nearly $400 million. Seventeen thousand people were driven from their homes in Jackson, Mississippi. This report presents analyses of the meterological settings of the storms, summaries of flood stages and discharges at 221 streamflow gaging stations, stages and contents of 10 reservoirs, flood-crest stages and hydrograph data consisting of gage height, discharge, and accumulated runoff at selected times, at 46 gaging stations, groundwater fluctuations in 11 observation wells, and water salinity and temperature at 22 sites along the Intracoastal Waterway in Mobile Bay. (USGS)

Edelen, G. W., Jr.; Wilson, K. V.; Harkins, J. R.; Miller, J. F.; Chin, E. H.

1986-01-01

207

Pesticide occurrence in groundwater in areas of high-density row crop production in Alabama, 2009  

USGS Publications Warehouse

High-density row crop production occurs in three areas of Alabama that are underlain by productive aquifers, northern Alabama, southeastern Alabama, and Baldwin County in southwestern Alabama. The U.S. Geological Survey collected five groundwater samples from each of these three areas during 2009 for analysis of selected pesticides. Results of these analyses showed detections for 37 of 152 analytes. The three most frequently detected compounds were atrazine, 2-Chloro-4-isopropylamino-6-amino-triazine (CIAT), and metolachlor. The highest concentration for any analyte was 4.08 micrograms per liter for metolachlor.

Moreland, Richard S.

2011-01-01

208

A description of the hydrologic system and the effects of coal mining on water quality in the East Fork Little Chariton River and the alluvial aquifer between Macon and Huntsville, north-central Missouri  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The quality of surface and groundwater has been affected by abandoned strip mines and by abandoned underground mines in a 110-sq mi subbasin of the East Fork Little Chariton River. More than 14% of the area was strip mined for coal before 1979. The hydrologic system in the area was investigated and the effects of coal mining on quality of water in the river and alluvial aquifer were analyzed, with major emphasis on defining strip-mining effects. The groundwater gradient was from glacial drift or coal spring to alluvium to the East Fork Little Chariton River, and was greatest in spring and least in fall. Seepage from alluvium to the East Fork Little Chariton River occurs throughout the year, except during drought conditions when the only river flow is water released from Long Branch Lake. In the East Fork Little Chariton River median dissolved-solids concentrations increased from 153 mg/L near Macon to 630 mg/L near Huntsville and median sulfate concentrations increased from 36 mg/L near Macon to 360 mg/L near Huntsville. The median dissolved-solids concentration in water from the alluvium increased from 408 mg/L upstream from the strip mines to 641 mg/L near the mines and median dissolved-sulfate concentration increased from 140 to 350 mg/L. The sulfate-to-chloride ratio, used as the most sensitive indicator of strip-mining effects, increased markedly downstream in the East Fork Little Chariton River and nearby Middle Fork Little Chariton River, which also is affected by strip mining. There were no significant increases in sulfate-to-chloride ratio and dissolved-solids concentrations in comparable nearby subbasins of the Grand, Thompson, and Chariton Rivers where there was no mining. (Author 's abstract)

Hall, D. C.

1986-01-01

209

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 91-213-2123, G. T. Jones Tire and Battery Distributing Inc., Birmingham, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In response to a request for technical assistance from the Alabama Health Department, possible hazardous working conditions at the G.T. Jones Tire and Battery Distributing Company (SIC-5093), Birmingham, Alabama were evaluated. The company employed 15 per...

J. Gittleman P. Estacio D. O'Brien M. Montopoli

1991-01-01

210

76 FR 9320 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Alabama Shad as...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Alabama Shad...Department of Commerce. ACTION: Notice of 90-day petition finding...SUMMARY: We (NMFS) announce a 90-day finding on a petition to list Alabama...

2011-02-17

211

The Schoolhouse Door: Segregation's Last Stand at the University of Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores George Wallace's June, 1963 defiance of desegregation at the University of Alabama campus. After a tense confrontation, President Kennedy federalized the Alabama National Guard and Wallace backed down, allowing Vivian Malone and James Hood to become the first African Americans to enroll successfully at their state's flagship…

Clark, E. Culpepper

212

Paddlefish in the Alabama River Drainage: Population Characteristics and the Adult Spawning Migration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Paddlefish Polyodon spathula were sampled by boat-mounted electrofishing and gill netting in the Tallapoosa and Cahaba rivers and in oxbow lakes of the Alabama River floodplain, Alabama, during January–June of 1992 and 1993. Tagging studies, characterization of spawning migrations, and comparative analyses of catches suggested that paddlefish in the Tallapoosa and Cahaba rivers represented functionally discrete populations that reside in

Gregory M. Lein; Dennis R. Devries

1998-01-01

213

Illicit Drug Use and the Social Context of HIV/AIDS in Alabama's Black Belt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Context: The rural Black Belt of Alabama is among the poorest areas of the nation. Poverty, lack of health infrastructure, and health disparities involving HIV/AIDS and other diseases reflect the lower life expectancy of people in the region. The Black Belt region has the highest HIV rates in rural America. Purpose: Using Alabama as a case…

Lichtenstein, Bronwen

2007-01-01

214

4. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE COLLAPSED RAILROAD BRIDGE 1.5 miles ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE COLLAPSED RAILROAD BRIDGE 1.5 miles N. from Cochrane on Ala. route 17. Western half of collapsed Alabama, Tenn. & Northern RR. Bridge Jack Donnell, Columbus, Ms., photographer, 1973. Copy by Sarcone Photography, Columbs, Ms Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

215

3. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE RAILROAD BRIDGE AND FERRY 1.5 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE RAILROAD BRIDGE AND FERRY 1.5 miles N. from Cochrane on Ala. route 17. Copy of photo by Jack Donnell, Columbus, Ms., 1927. West ferry landing ferry barge, andcar in foreground. Alabama, Tennessee & Northern (later Frisco) RR bridge in background. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

216

Alabama Student Grant Program. Tenth Annual Report, 1987-88 Academic Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A report on the Alabama Student Grant Program, a state grant-in-aid program for Alabama residents attending certain independent institutions in the state, summarizes program history and activity, describes program eligibility requirements, indicates the institutional distribution of grants, and ranks the fields of study pursued by grant…

Alabama State Commission on Higher Education, Montgomery.

217

Servant Leadership in Alabama's Regional Public Universities: The President's Role in Fostering Job Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research was to explore the relationship between two variables, "servant leadership" and "job satisfaction," among management, executive staff, and faculty at Alabama's five regional universities: Jacksonville State University, Troy University, the University of Montevallo, the University of North Alabama, and the University…

Farris, Jimmy D.

2011-01-01

218

Sedimentary facies and history of Upper Jurassic (Oxfordian) Smackover Formation in Conecuh embayment of south Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Upper Jurassic (Oxfordian) Smackover Formation is an important petroleum-bearing unit in the deep subsurface of the gulf rim. The authors studied the sedimentary facies and sedimentary history of the Smackover in Escambia County, Alabama. The wells studied form an east-west strike section across the Conecuh embayment in south Alabama. In the central part of the embayment, the Smackover is

R. A. Esposito; D. T. Jr. King

1986-01-01

219

Servant Leadership in Alabama's Regional Public Universities: The President's Role in Fostering Job Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to explore the relationship between two variables, "servant leadership" and "job satisfaction," among management, executive staff, and faculty at Alabama's five regional universities: Jacksonville State University, Troy University, the University of Montevallo, the University of North Alabama, and the University of…

Farris, Jimmy D.

2011-01-01

220

Centennial of Alabama's cullars rotation, the south’s oldest, continuous, soil fertility experiment  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Alabama’s “Cullars Rotation” experiment (circa 1911) was placed on the National Register of Historical Places as the oldest, continuous, soil fertility experiment in the South in 2003. Along with its nearby predecessor on the National Register, “The Old Rotation” (circa 1896), these experiments con...

221

Illicit Drug Use and the Social Context of HIV/AIDS in Alabama's Black Belt  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: The rural Black Belt of Alabama is among the poorest areas of the nation. Poverty, lack of health infrastructure, and health disparities involving HIV/AIDS and other diseases reflect the lower life expectancy of people in the region. The Black Belt region has the highest HIV rates in rural America. Purpose: Using Alabama as a case…

Lichtenstein, Bronwen

2007-01-01

222

The GLOBE Program in Alabama: A Mentoring Approach to Statewide Implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Established in 1997, the GLOBE in Alabama (GIA) partnership has trained more than 1,000 teachers in almost 500 schools - over 25% of the total number of K-12 schools in Alabama. Over those five years, GIA has strived to achieve recognition of GLOBE as the \\

G. N. Cox

2003-01-01

223

Long-Term COHPAC Baghouse Performance at Alabama Power Company's E. C. Gaston Units 2 & 3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following a successful pilot-scale baghouse testing program and after reviewing the performance of Luminant's COHPAC (EPRI's patented COmpact Hybrid PArticulate Collector technology) baghouse installation at its Big Brown Station, Alabama Power Company (APCO) decided to install a COHPAC baghouse on Unit 3 at its E. C. Gaston Steam Plant located near Wilsonville, Alabama in late 1996. A second COHPAC baghouse

Kenneth M. Cushing; W. Theron Grubb; Byron V. Corina; Ramsay L. Chang

224

Upward-shoaling cycles in Smackover carbonates of southwest Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Upper Smackover strata in Alabama commonly consist of one or more upward-shoaling cycles about 15 to 50 ft (3 to 16 m) in thickness. Multiple forcing functions (eustasy, regional tilting, salt halokinesis, and autogenic migration of facies) and varying water depths at the start and end of each upward-shoaling cycle generated an array of sedimentary responses. The Brittain No. 1 well, Permit No. 2478, Healing Springs field, Washington County, Alabama, illustrates nucleation of an offshore bar. Bar deposits are capped by anhydritic sabkha deposits, gradationally overlain by subtidal lagoonal strata. Varying rates (and directions ) of halokinesis controlled this succession. Locally varying rates of salt movement created as many as five sabkha-capped cycles in this area. The International Paper company 20-5 Mo. 1 well, Permit No. 5242, Blacksher field, Baldwin County, Alabama, contains three upward-shoaling cycles capped by evaporites. Limited aggradational potential of supratidal evaporitic settings permitted subsidence-caused immersion, which eventually permitted reactivation of the carbonate factory and formation of the next cycle. The Chatom Unit 20-14 No. 1-04 well, Permit No. 7044, Chatom field, Washington County, contains three different cycles. The lower cycle consists of subtidal lime mudstone, capped by a 5-ft (1.5-m) thick soil zone that contains multiple exposure surfaces, tepee structures, and anhydrite pseudomorphs after lenticular gypsum crystals. The soil zone underlies an intraclastic storm deposit followed by a deepening-upward lagoonal succession. A thin ooid grainstone containing exposure surfaces caps the middle cycle. In the upper cycle, peritidal carbonate strata underlie sabkha deposits.

Kopaska-Merkel, D.C.; Mann, S.D. (Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States))

1993-09-01

225

Reservoir characterization of the Smackover Formation in southwest Alabama. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation is found in an arcuate belt in the subsurface from south Texas to panhandle Florida. The Smackover is the most prolific hydrocarbon-producing formation in Alabama and is an important hydrocarbon reservoir from Florida to Texas. In this report Smackover hydrocarbon reservoirs in southwest Alabama are described. Also, the nine enhanced- and improved-recovery projects that have been undertaken in the Smackover of Alabama are evaluated. The report concludes with recommendations about potential future enhanced- and improved-recovery projects in Smackover reservoirs in Alabama and an estimate of the potential volume of liquid hydrocarbons recoverable by enhanced- and improved-recovery methods from the Smackover of Alabama.

Kopaska-Merkel, D.C.; Hall, D.R.; Mann, S.D.; Tew, B.H.

1993-02-01

226

Installation restoration program. Site investigation report. Volume 1. Alabama Air National Guard 187th Fighter Group Dannelly Field Municipal Airport Montgomery, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

A Site Investigation (SI) was conducted as part of the IRP for the 187th Fighter Group of the Alabama National Guard, Dannelly Field Municipal Airport, Montgomery, Alabama (the base). The SI was conducted in accordance with the SI Work Plan dated December 1990 and followed the 1987 Preliminary Assessment (PA) at the base that identified five sites that were potential sources of environmental contamination.

Hill

1995-11-01

227

The National Space Science and Technology Center's Education and Public Outreach Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of the National Space Science and Technology Center's (NSSTC) Education and Public Outreach program (EPO) is to support K-20 education by coalescing academic, government, and business constituents awareness, implementing best business/education practices, and providing stewardship over funds and programs that promote a symbiotic relationship among these entities, specifically in the area of K-20 Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education. NSSTC EPO Program's long-term objective is to showcase its effective community-based integrated stakeholder model in support of STEM education and to expand its influence across the Southeast region for scaling ultimately across the United States. The Education and Public Outreach program (EPO) is coordinated by a supporting arm of the NSSTC Administrative Council called the EPO Council (EPOC). The EPOC is funded through federal, state, and private grants, donations, and in-kind contributions. It is comprised of representatives of NSSTC Research Centers, both educators and scientists from the Alabama Space Science and Technology Alliance (SSTA) member institutions, the Alabama Space Grant Consortium and the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center's (MSFC) Education Office. Through its affiliation with MSFC and the SSTA - a consortium of Alabama's research universities that comprise the NSSTC, EPO fosters the education and development of the next generation of Alabama scientists and engineers by coordinating activities at the K-20 level in cooperation with the Alabama Department of Education, the Alabama Commission on Higher Education, and Alabama's businesses and industries. The EPO program's primary objective is to be Alabama's premiere organization in uniting academia, government, and private industry by way of providing its support to the State and Federal Departments of Education involved in systemic STEM education reform, workforce development, and innovative uses of technology. The NSSTC EPO is poised to be a leader in this field because of its direct support to agency's accountable for America's educational systems, and for its synergistic relationships across the integrated stakeholder community. This includes Alabama's NASA facility, USRA, the SSTA's seven research universities, businesses and industries, and the Alabama Math, Science and Technology Education Coalition. In addition to traditional outreach methodologies, the EPO uses the unique resources of the NSSTC to assist in dissolving the boundaries in education among academia, government, and industry and to foster a more collaborative environment in support of STEM education reform.

Cox, G. N.; Denson, R. L.

2004-12-01

228

Alabama prison suit remanded for retrial under a new judge.  

PubMed

The 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals removed the original judge, Robert E. Varner, from a case regarding the segregation of HIV-positive inmates in the Alabama prison system. The ten-year-old case will be heard in district court for a third time. The original case led to the decision that mandatory testing and segregation is legal because it serves the correctional system's interests in protecting the safety of uninfected inmates. The American Civil Liberties Union argues that segregation is illegal and denies HIV-infected inmates their rights under the Federal Rehabilitation Act. The majority of the appeals panel believe that Varner's standards for excluding infected inmates from worship and work detail were not based on scientific fact. The panel found no evidence of improper conduct on Varner's part, but decided to replace him because he is unable to move forward from the conclusions he reached in the first trial. A dissenting judge agrees that the Alabama Department of Corrections has shown adequate evidence that integrating HIV-positive inmates into the mainstream will pose a significant health risk. PMID:11364870

1997-11-28

229

Low birth weight outcomes: why better in Cuba than Alabama?  

PubMed

Reducing the incidence of low birth weight (LBW), a major predictor of infant mortality and morbidity in developed and developing countries, is an important worldwide goal, yet interventions to reduce this incidence have been disappointingly unsuccessful. Despite its low per capita income, Cuba has managed to significantly reduce the prevalence of LBW in recent decades. To date, minimal research has been conducted to comparatively evaluate risk factors associated with birth weight outcomes between countries with significantly differing rates of LBW. For this reason, we traveled to Havana to study the Cuban model of prenatal care and compare risk factors associated with LBW in Cuba, the United States, and, in particular, Alabama. This article describes the community-based approaches to prenatal care provided within the Cuban healthcare system and their influence on rates of LBW. As a result of these successfully integrated health services, the Cuban healthcare model will be used to evaluate and compare Alabama's current prenatal care system, in particular the implementation of strategies such as community-based clinics and maternity homes for high-risk pregnancies. PMID:23471933

Neggers, Yasmin; Crowe, Kristi

230

Hydrogeologic investigation of the Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development Facility, Wilsonville, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the geology and hydrogeology at the former Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development (ACLR&D) facility in Wilsonville, Alabama. The work was conducted by personnel from the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Grand Junction office (ORNL/GJ) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center (PETC). Characterization information was requested by PETC to provide baseline environmental information for use in evaluating needs and in subsequent decision-making for further actions associated with the closeout of facility operations. The hydrogeologic conceptual model presented in this report provides significant insight regarding the potential for contaminant migration from the ACLR&D facility and may be useful during other characterization work in the region. The ACLR&D facility is no longer operational and has been dismantled. The site was characterized in three phases: the first two phases were an environmental assessment study and a sod sampling study (APCO 1991) and the third phase the hydraulic assessment. Currently, a Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) remedial investigation (RI) to address the presence of contaminants on the site is underway and will be documented in an RI report. This technical memorandum addresses the hydrogeologic model only.

Gardner, F.G.; Kearl, P.M.; Mumby, M.E.; Rogers, S.

1996-09-01

231

Pisoids in Jurassic Smackover Formation (Alabama-Florida) - evidence of marine vadose diagenesis  

SciTech Connect

Pisoids in the Upper Jurassic Smackover Formation of the Conecuh embayment (Alabama-Florida) exhibit textural characteristics of marine vadose diagenesis. They occur in prograding repetitive shoaling-upward sequences that are separated by truncations reflecting transgressive episodes. At least eight such prograding cycles recur. Each sequence consists of a lower unit composed of fenestral-textured pelletal mudstone and an upper unit of vadose pisolite. The pisoids exhibit features indicative of nonalgal, in-place accretionary growth, including isopachous multicoatings, directional growth, perched inclusions, reverse grading, leaching, and brecciation and fracturing interpreted as a result of subaerial exposure. The pisoids formed at the expense of preexisting pelletal mudstone as indicated by progressive alteration and replacement of the original mudstone texture. In interpisoid pores, a fibrous cement coats the pisoids (a first-generation cement). Equant crystals of dolomite line the fibrous cement, and the center of the former interparticle pore is filled with drusy crystals or megaspar of calcite. These textures recall Quaternary analogs in the Persian Gulf and the Permian Capitan reef complex of west Texas-New Mexico. In the Persian Gulf, these features form in a hypersaline vadose diagenetic setting. By comparison, origin in an arid Persian Gulf-type of environment is inferred.

Melas, F.F.; Friedman, G.M.

1987-09-01

232

Mineralogy and paragenesis of the McAllister Sn-Ta-bearing pegmatite, Coosa County, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The McAllister Sn-Ta deposit (Alabama) is localized in a complex pegmatite that contains large zones of mineralized late-stage replacement-type saccharoidal albite and nearly monomineralic muscovite 'greisen-like' pipes. The dyke is at least 450 m long and averages approximately 9 m in thickness. At least two 'greisen-like' pipes, as much as 7.6 m by 4.5 m in cross-section and extending at least 76 m down a steep easterly pitch, occur near the center of the dyke. The dyke is hosted by an approximately 300-Ma-old pluton of a group referred to as the Rockford Granite, a mesozonal to epizonal two-mica, peraluminous tin-bearing granite. The pluton is genetically affiliated with a well-defined sequence of simple to complex pegmatite dykes and quartz-casiterite veins that occur near its margin and within the immediately adjacent metasedimentary rocks of the Wedowee Group.

Foord, Eugene, E.; Cook, Robert, B.

1989-01-01

233

Method of using thin metallic foils to minimize thermal transients and photoelectric effects in pressure measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the development of a method to reduce the transient effects on piezoelectric pressure transducers used in the measurement of blast overpressure produced by non-conventional explosives. This method was developed during testing of high-energy and non-conventional explosives at the Aviation and Missile Research, Development and Engineering Center (AMRDEC) on the Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama. There are two

Joel P. Booth; Robert W. Milton; Mark W. Kirkham

2004-01-01

234

Ecological characterization atlas of coastal Alabama: Map narrative  

SciTech Connect

The southwest Alabama coastal region is the study area of this narrative and accompanying maps. The offshore area includes the region from the State-Federal demarcation to the shoreline, and the inland area includes Mobile and Baldwin Counties. These counties are included in the following six US Geological Survey 1:100,000-scale topographic maps: Citronelle, Atmore, Mobile, Bay Minette, Biloxi, and Pensacola. The data in this atlas meet all cartographic and narrative specifications of the Minerals Management Service and the US Fish and Wildlife Service and should be useful for coastal decisionmakers. The topics included within this map narrative are biological resources; socioeconomic features; soils and landforms; oil, gas, and mineral resources; and hydrology and climatology. 21 figs., 52 tabs.

Smith, M.F. Jr. (ed.) (Soils Systems, Inc., Marietta, GA (USA))

1984-08-01

235

Ground-water quality beneath an urban residential and commercial area, Montgomery, Alabama, 1999-2000  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Black Warrior River aquifer, which is composed of the Coker, Gordo, and Eutaw Formations, supplies more than 50 percent of the ground water used for public water supply in the Mobile River Basin. The city of Montgomery, Alabama, is partially built upon a recharge area for the Black Warrior River aquifer, and is one of many major population centers that depend on the Black Warrior River aquifer for public water supply. To represent the baseline ground-water quality in the Black Warrior River aquifer, water samples were collected from 30 wells located in a low-density residential or rural setting; 9 wells were completed in the Coker Formation, 9 wells in the Gordo Formation, and 12 wells in the Eutaw Formation. To describe the ground-water quality beneath Montgomery, Alabama, water samples also were collected from 30 wells located in residential and commercial areas of Montgomery, Alabama; 16 wells were completed in the Eutaw Formation, 8 wells in alluvial deposits, and 6 wells in terrace deposits. The alluvial and terrace deposits directly overlie the Eutaw Formation with little or no hydraulic separation. Ground-water samples collected from both the rural and urban wells were analyzed for physical properties, major ions, nutrients, metals, volatile organic compounds, and pesticides. Samples from the urban wells also were analyzed for bacteria, chlorofluorocarbons, dissolved gases, and sulfur hexafluoride. Ground-water quality beneath the urban area was compared to baseline water quality in the Black Warrior River aquifer.Compared to the rural wells, ground-water samples from urban wells contained greater concentrations or more frequent detections of chloride and nitrate, and the trace metals aluminium, chromium, cobalt, copper, nickel, and zinc. Pesticides and volatile organic compounds were detected more frequently and in greater concentrations in ground-water samples collected from urban wells than in ground-water samples from rural wells.The Spearman rho test was used to check for statistically significant covariance among urban ground-water quality and land-use type. The number of pesticides and volatile organic compounds detected and concentrations of nickel increased as the percentage of residential land use increased. Greater nickel concentrations also were associated with a greater number of volatile organic compounds detected. As the percentage of commercial land use increased, the numbers of pesticides and volatile organic compounds detected decreased. The number of pesticides detected in the urban ground-water samples increased as concentrations of nitrite plus nitrate increased; the number of pesticides detected and the concentrations of nitrite plus nitrate decreased as the age of the ground water increased. These correlations may indicate that, with time, pesticides and nitrate are removed from the ground-water system by physical, chemical, or biological processes.The effects of surficial geology on the occurrence of pesticides and volatile organic compounds was investigated by calculating frequencies of detection. The detection frequency for pesticides was greater for urban samples collected from wells where the surficial geology is sand than for urban samples collected from wells where the surficial geology is clay. The frequency of detection of volatile organic compounds did not show this relation.

Robinson, James L.

2002-01-01

236

Quantitative Pediatric Vision Screening in Primary Care Settings in Alabama  

PubMed Central

Purpose Alabama Medicaid reimburses “objective” vision screening (VS), i.e, by acuity or similar quantitative method, and well child checks (WCCs) separately. We analyzed the frequency each service was obtained. Methods Claims for WCC and VS provided between 10/1/2002 and 9/30/2003 for children ages 3-18 years, and summary data for all enrolled children, were obtained from Alabama Medicaid. We used univariate analysis followed by logistic regression to explore the potential influence of factors (patient age, provider type, and provider’s volume of WCCs) on the receipt of VS at preschool ages. Results Children receiving WCCs were 55% African-American, 40% white, and 5% other. Percentages of children with WCC claims were highest at 4 years (57%) and thereafter declined to 30% at 6-14 years and to less than 10% at 18 years. Nearly all VS (>98% at each age) occurred the same day as the WCC. Pediatricians provided 68% of all WCCs. Multivariate analysis, after adjusting for nesting of preschool patients within provider, showed the odds of VS were increased by patient age (5 years vs. 3 years OR=3.57, p<0.0001), non-physician provider type (non-physician vs. pediatrician OR=1.80, p=0.0004) and high WCC volume (at or above vs. below the median number (N=8) of WCC per provider per year (OR=7.11, p<0.0001)). Because VS rates were high when attendance to WCC visits was low, few enrolled children received vision screening at any age (6% at age 3, 13% at age 4, and a maximum of 20% at age 5). Conclusions National efforts to reduce preventable vision loss from amblyopia are hampered because children are not available for screening and because providers miss many opportunities to screen vision at preschool age. Efforts to improve vision screening should target pediatrician-led practices, since these serve greater numbers of children.

Marsh-Tootle, Wendy L.; Wall, Terry C.; Tootle, John S.; Person, Sharina D.; Kristofco, Robert E.

2009-01-01

237

Construction labor assessment for coal gasification plant Murphy Hill, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

TVA's planned construction of a coal gasification plant, capable of processing about 20,000 tons of coal per day into a clean-burning fuel, will be a large and complex construction project by any relevant measure. The plant site examined here is in northern Alabama near Murphy Hill. The project is estimated to require nearly 7000 workers at peak employment in 1985. It is projected that construction will start in early 1981 and be completed in 1988. Nearly 66 percent of all construction craft worker requirements are expected to occur during a 36-month period from 1984 to 1986, and about 25 percent are projected to occur during the 1985 calendar year alone. This construction labor market assessment report is directed toward establishing and analyzing data on construction labor requirements, and labor availability for the 75-mile geographical zone surrounding Murphy Hill, Alabama. The purpose of this report is to examine potential skilled labor shortages and some alternatives for alleviating those shortages, but not to address the array of socioeconomic implications of reducing shortages by training, by attracting workers who move permanently to the job site, or by attracting workers who live temporarily near the site and return home periodically. Parameters and assessments of the Murphy Hill construction labor market have been developed for: the 75-mile geographical zone surrounding the site; the major skilled construction trades involved; the time phase of construction labor demand; and projected craft-specific labor shortfalls. These objectives have been developed within the engineering bounds of the TVA's labor planning memo.

Not Available

1980-11-01

238

The Trans-Alabama Superbolide of 5 December 1999  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several dozen very bright superbolides enter Earth's atmosphere each year, usually terminating with an explosion of the incoming meteoritic body. Coordinated camera set-ups have captured images of a very few meteorites, which led to their recovery. But most bright meteoritic events are seen by eyewitnesses who are in the right place at the right time, or by security cameras, which are typically not pointed at the sky. The superbolide that is reported on here was seen by many and recorded on such security cameras. Careful collection and analysis of eyewitness data allowed a trajectory to be estimated, which is at odds with data of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) on this event. A few meteoritic events result in an ``impossible'' effect; that is, they apparently start ground fires. The superbolide that is the subject of this article was one of them. At approximately 04:18 AM CST (10:18 UT) on 5 December 1999, light from an exceptionally bright bolide (i.e., a superbolide) was seen across part of the southeastern United States. This superbolide was witnessed, heard, and(or) felt by hundreds of individuals who called local and state police, fire departments, and the state emergency management agency. According to newspaper and television accounts, the superbolide's light was seen within a 300-km radius of its flight path. This area included most of the state of Alabama, and parts of adjacent Tennessee, Georgia, and Florida. This incident was widely reported in regional and local newspapers and on local television news programs. Surveillance camera videos made in two Alabama towns, Weogufka (33.02° N, 86.31° W) and Pell City (33.16° N, 86.28° W), recorded direct light, reflected light, and shadows from this superbolide event.

King, David T., Jr.; Petruny, Lucille W.

239

Use of Alabama lignite in the production of lightweight aggregate  

SciTech Connect

Production of lightweight aggregate from Porter's Creek clay was chosen as a model process to be used in demonstrating the feasibility of using lignite fuel for rotary kiln mineral processing operations in or near the lignite belt. Pilot-scale rotary kiln testing and computer simulation of a commercial-scale operation using data from the pilot-scale tests demonstrated that lignite was a good fuel, requiring no auxiliary flame, for the processes provided the lignite fuel moisture content was less than about 20%. It was shown that hot kiln exhaust gases could be used to dry the raw lignite from about 50% moisture to 10% moisture, prior to lignite grinding and combustion, without the need for additional fuel for drying. Lignite could be delivered to the plant at a cost of $12.25/ton of lignite and would require an incremental investment of $128,500 in mining equipment. Equipment for drying the lignite with hot kiln exit gases prior to pulverization and burning represents the other major additional cost compared to a plant which burns bituminous coal plant. Using the heat requirement per ton of lightweight aggregate product from the computer simulations, the $38/ton delivered price of bituminous coal to a similar plant in Livingston, Alabama, and the relative heating values of the two competing fuels, an after tax savings of $0.58/ton of lightweight aggregate produced was projected, and an after tax discounted cash flow rate of return at 13.5% on additional invested capital was calculated. It may thus be concluded that lignite is a viable fuel for rotary kiln processing operations located in or near the lignite belt in Alabama. Lignite should be given serious consideration as the energy source for any new, as well as existing, energy-intensive industry located in that area of the state.

Sadler, L.Y. III

1982-10-01

240

Prehistoric Agricultural Communities in West Central Alabama. Volume 1. Excavations in the Lubbub Creek Archaeological Locality.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The excavations conducted in the Lubbub Archaeological Locality examined in detail a Mississippian period settlement located on the Tombigbee River, in Pickens County, Alabama. Work at the site was carried out by the University of Michigan between 1978 an...

C. S. Peebles

1983-01-01

241

Nesting Colonies of Seabirds and Wading Birds - Coastal Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Large populations of seabirds and wading birds occur along the productive coastal areas of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama (northern Gulf of Mexico). Results are given of the 1976 survey to locate nesting colonies of these birds, to estimate species c...

J. W. Portnoy

1977-01-01

242

Alabama CHP Review and Comment Manual: Guidelines, Procedures, and Review Criteria.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Statewide guidelines are provided for the Alabama Comprehensive Health Planning Agency to standardize procedures and basic review criteria for health-related grant applications. Designed to assure applicants an objective and fair review, and each funding ...

1974-01-01

243

Reducing Aquatic Rodent Damage through an Integrated Wildlife Damage Management Program in the State of Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this Environmental Assessment (EA) is to analyze the potential environmental effects of the proposed Alabama WS beaver (Castor canadensis), nutria (Myocastor coypus), and muskrat (Ondatra zibethica) (hereafter referred to as aquatic rodents...

2002-01-01

244

40 CFR 81.267 - Southeast Alabama Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...geographically located within the outermost boundaries of the area so delimited): In the State of Alabama: Barbour County, Coffee County, Covington County, Dale County, Geneva County, Henry County, Houston...

2012-07-01

245

75 FR 28313 - Alabama Disaster #AL-00032 Declaration of Economic Injury  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) declaration for the State of Alabama, dated 05/13/2010. Incident: Deepwater BP Oil Spill. Incident Period: 04/20/2010 and continuing. DATES: Effective Date: 05/13/2010. EIDL Loan Application...

2010-05-20

246

40 CFR 81.199 - East Alabama Intrastate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 false East Alabama Intrastate Air Quality Control Region. 81.199 Section 81...CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of Air Quality Control Regions § 81.199 East...

2013-07-01

247

40 CFR 81.58 - Columbus (Georgia)-Phenix City (Alabama) Interstate Air Quality Control Region.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Georgia)-Phenix City (Alabama) Interstate Air Quality Control Region. 81.58 Section 81...CONTINUED) DESIGNATION OF AREAS FOR AIR QUALITY PLANNING PURPOSES Designation of Air Quality Control Regions § 81.58...

2013-07-01

248

33 CFR 165.836 - Security Zone; Escorted Vessels, Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the Captain of the Port Zone, Mobile, Alabama, as described in 33...request the permission of the COTP Mobile or a designated representative...Contact information . The COTP Mobile may be reached via phone at (251) 441-6211. Any...

2010-07-01

249

33 CFR 165.836 - Security Zone; Escorted Vessels, Mobile, Alabama, Captain of the Port.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the Captain of the Port Zone, Mobile, Alabama, as described in 33...request the permission of the COTP Mobile or a designated representative...Contact information . The COTP Mobile may be reached via phone at (251) 441-6211. Any...

2009-07-01

250

13. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES HIGHWAY BRIDGE U.S. 11 N ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES HIGHWAY BRIDGE U.S. 11 N of Epes Gorgas Bridge from NW. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

251

Cultural Resources Investigations at Redstone Arsenal, Madison County, Alabama. Volume I.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A reconnaissance level cultural resources survey and program of testing and evaluation in the proposed alternate corridor of the DDT Contamination Study, Wheeler Resorvoir, Redstone Arsenal, Alabama, resulted in the identification of 22 new sites and the ...

P. M. Thomas J. H. Altschul K. Bagley-Baumgartner L. J. Campbell D. B. Dickson

1980-01-01

252

Biomass of Four Hardwoods from Lower Piedmont Pine-Hardwood Stands in Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Biomass data was recorded for 73 trees growing in mixed natural oak-pine stands on Lower Piedmont sites near Auburn, Alabama, during a study of the feasibility of harvesting southern hardwoods by extraction using a Rome TXH Tree Extractor.

D. L. Sirois

1983-01-01

253

Potential Applications of Video Technology for Traffic Management and Safety in Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Video technology applications for traffic management and safety are being implemented by state and local government agencies in Alabama. This technology offers both tangible and intangible benefits. Video technology requires a substantial up-front investm...

A. J. Graettinger J. McFadden M. R. Govindu R. R. Kilim

2003-01-01

254

Low Head, Micro-Hydro Demonstration Project, Coker, Alabama. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Project objective was to demonstrate the feasibility of using a crossflow (Banki) turbine in a low head, run-of-steam application. Project consisted of construction of small dam across Big Creek at Coker, Alabama. Design, construction and installation of ...

B. J. Simpson

1983-01-01

255

Health Systems Plan for 1979-1983. Health Service Area 2 Alabama. Executive Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Major provisions of the health systems plan (HSP) for residents served by the West Alabama Health Council are outlined in this executive summary. The introduction discusses the legal structure and functions of the health systems agency, the purpose and sc...

1979-01-01

256

Health Hazard Evaluation Report HETA 98-0053-2732, Shaw Industries, Stevenson, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On December 5, 1997, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) received a confidential request from employees of Shaw Industries (Shaw), located in Stevenson, Alabama, to conduct a health hazard evaluation (HHE) of exposures occurr...

G. Buono K. Dunn K. C. Roegner

1999-01-01

257

Effect of Increases in Energy-Related Labor Forces Upon Retailing in Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The heightened mining employment that will result from increased extraction of coal from Alabama's Warrior Coal Basin will boost retail sales and employment. The Warrior Coal Basin counties (Fayette, Jefferson, Tuscaloosa and Walker) are heavily dependent...

R. A. Robicheaux

1983-01-01

258

New LiDAR Digital Elevation Model and Geologcial Map — Wetumpka Impact Structure, Alabama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New geological mapping at Wetumpka impact crater (Alabama) has been aided by the use of recently obtained lidar data to make a base-map DEM and to construct new and more accurate geological cross sections, which are presented here.

Tabares Rodenas, P.; King, D. T.; Ormo, J.; Petruny, L. W.; Marzen, L. J.

2012-03-01

259

77 FR 74841 - Alabama Power Company; Notice of Application for Amendment of License and Soliciting Comments...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Description of Application: Alabama Power Company requests Commission approval to grant Jack's Family Restaurant, a fast food restaurant, a permit to use project lands and waters for the installation of wooden pilings around an existing pier...

2012-12-18

260

Detrimental Effects of Natural Soil and Water Elements on Drainage Pipe Structures in Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Field studies were conducted in Alabama on soil and water parameters to determine their relationship to culvert pipe corrosion. The types of culvert materials investigated included concrete, galvanized steel, bituminous-coated galvanized steel, aluminum, ...

L. W. Hyde V. M. Shamburger J. S. Ellard R. E. Pate

1969-01-01

261

Water and Related Problems in Coal-Mine Areas of Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Water-resource problems or potential problems in Alabama resulting from surface and subsurface coal mining include erosion and sedimentation, flooding, diversion of drainage, decline in water level, land subsidence, and the degradation of water quality. T...

A. L. Knight J. G. Newton

1977-01-01

262

Technology Transfer from NASA to Targeted Industries, Volume 1.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) technology transfer to three target industries with focus on the apparel manufacturing industry in Alabama. Also included in this report are an analysis of the 1992 problem statements su...

W. Mccain B. J. Schroer W. E. Souder M. S. Spann H. Watters

1993-01-01

263

Passage of Spawning Alabama Shad at Jim Woodruff Lock and Dam, Apalachicola River, Florida  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2005, a pilot study was initiated to evaluate the potential use of the navigation lock at Jim Woodruff Lock and Dam (JWLD), Florida, as a means for fish passage. The focal species was the Alabama shad Alosa alabamae. The Apalachicola River population is one of the last-remaining, extant self-sustaining populations, estimated adult spawning returns ranging from lows of 5,211

Shawn P. Young; Travis R. Ingram; Josh E. Tannehill; J. Jeffery Isely

2012-01-01

264

Water and related problems in coal-mine areas of Alabama. Water-resources investigations (interim)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Water-resource problems or potential problems in Alabama resulting from surface and subsurface coal mining include erosion and sedimentation, flooding, diversion of drainage, decline in water level, land subsidence, and the degradation of water quality. The degradation of water quality is the most serious and widespread coal-mine related problem in Alabama. The chemical quality of water in numerous streams draining coal-mine

A. L. Knight; J. G. Newton

1977-01-01

265

Preliminary interpretation of mid-crustal reflections from the vicinity of the New York-Alabama Magnetic Anomaly, eastern Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

Seismic data acquired across part of the New York-Alabama Magnetic Anomaly reveal 30 km of highly reflective crust from 4.5 to 16 km depth (1.6 to 5.0 sec) beneath the Alleghenian allochthon. At the southeast end of the SE-NW oriented seismic line, the reflections range from essentially horizontal to gently west-dipping at about 30 degrees. The dominant west-dipping reflections are interspersed with short east-dipping events on the southeastern part of the line. Near the center of the line, the west-dipping reflections reverse dip to form a broad, open synformal geometry. The NW end of the line is characterized by a zone of low reflectivity. The reflection geometries can be viewed as resulting from extensional block faulting, where the region has been down-faulted to the west. In some places,the west-dipping reflections appear to connect to the short east-dipping reflections to form open, asymmetric antiforms. Coupled with the presence of the syncline on the northwestern part of the line,the reflection geometry can be interpreted as originating in a compressional setting. Alternatively, the west-dipping reflections might represent unusually well preserved compositional layering, sills, or a regional scale metamorphic fabric. Additional models can be proposed to explain the data, but all must account for the excellent preservation of the seismic features. These data are used with potential field data in an effort to determine whether the cause of the New York-Alabama Magnetic Anomaly is similar to that associated with the Central North American Rift System and/or the Grenville Front Magnetic Anomaly.

Hopkins, D.L.; Costain, J.K. (Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ., Blacksburg, VA (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences)

1992-01-01

266

Structural control of coalbed methane production in Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Thin-skinned structures are distributed throughout the Alabama coalbed methane fields, and these structures affect the production of gas and water from coal-bearing strata. Extensional structures in Deerlick Creek and Cedar Cove fields include normal faults and hanging-wall rollovers, and area balancing indicates that these structures are detached in the Pottsville Formation. Compressional folds in Gurnee and Oak Grove fields, by comparison, are interpreted to be detachment folds formed above decollements at different stratigraphic levels. Patterns of gas and water production reflect the structural style of each field and further indicate that folding and faulting have affected the distribution of permeability and the overall success of coalbed methane operations. Area balancing can be an effective way to characterize coalbed methane reservoirs in structurally complex regions because it constrains structural geometry and can be used to determine the distribution of layer-parallel strain. Comparison of calculated requisite strain and borehole expansion data from calliper logs suggests that strain in coalbed methane reservoirs is predictable and can be expressed as fracturing and small-scale faulting. However, refined methodology is needed to analyze heterogeneous strain distributions in discrete bed segments. Understanding temporal variation of production patterns in areas where gas and water production are influenced by map-scale structure will further facilitate effective management of coalbed methane fields.Thin-skinned structures are distributed throughout the Alabama coalbed methane fields, and these structures affect the production of gas and water from coal-bearing strata. Extensional structures in Deerlick Creek and Cedar Cove fields include normal faults and hanging-wall rollovers, and area balancing indicates that these structures are detached in the Pottsville Formation. Compressional folds in Gurnee and Oak Grove fields, by comparison, are interpreted to be detachment folds formed above decollements at different stratigraphic levels. Patterns of gas and water production reflect the structural style of each field and further indicate that folding and faulting have affected the distribution of permeability and the overall success of coalbed methane operations. Area balancing can be an effective way to characterize coalbed methane reservoirs in structurally complex regions because it constrains structural geometry and can be used to determine the distribution of layer-parallel strain. Comparison of calculated requisite strain and borehole expansion data from calliper logs suggests that strain in coalbed methane reservoirs is predictable and can be expressed as fracturing and small-scale faulting. However, refined methodology is needed to analyze heterogeneous strain distributions in discrete bed segments. Understanding temporal variation of production patterns in areas where gas and water production are influenced by map-scale structure will further facilitate effective management of coalbed methane fields.

Pashin, J. C.; Groshong, Jr. , R. H.

1998-01-01

267

Transition III in Alabama: A Profile of Commitment. Proceedings of the Annual Statewide Conference on Transition (3rd, Auburn, Alabama, January 1994).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This proceedings document provides the texts of 18 presentations given at a 3-day conference in 1993 which focused on policies, materials, programs, and activities being implemented in Alabama to foster the successful transition of youth with disabilities to adult life. First, four individuals with learning disabilities (Travis Moore, Kim…

Browning, Philip, Ed.

268

Smackover platform sand bodies: a Bahamas model. [Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Stave Creek field, a potential multimillion-barrel Smackover oil field in Clarke County, Alabama, owes much of its prolific production to an extensive, 100 ft (30 m) thick buildup of porous ooid and peloid grainstones. Seismic profiles and residual gravity maps indicate the field is located on the edge of a large, Jurassic, northeast tilted block of approximately 12 mi/sup 2/ (31 km/sup 2/). The block, which formed a shallow platform for Late Jurassic deposition, is bounded on the west by an older component of the Jackson fault, and slopes eastward into the present graben complex of the Gilbertown and West Bend faults. This location placed the platform in a position between the mouth of the Manila embayment and the eastern edge of the Mississippi interior salt basin. Tidal fluctuation between basins and the open marine conditions to the west had a strong influence on sedimentation across the platform. Cores from the area indicate a pronounced westward trend in increased carbonate grain stability and sediment winnowing. Smackover sediments from the deeper east side of the platform are composed primarily of peloidal lime mudstones and wackestones and packstones. Those of the western edge form a high-energy facies of well-sorted ooid and onchoidal grainstones, e.g., the Stave Creek field reservoir. A modern analog to the deposition on this Jurassic platform is found along the margins of the Great Bahama Bank, and specifically the north Andros-Joulters Cays area.

Baria, L.R.

1983-09-01

269

A transect through the Alabama and southwest Georgia Appalachians  

SciTech Connect

A transect across Alabama and southwest Georgia contains several occurrences that appear to be unique and are not accommodated in existing tectonic interpretations of the southern Appalachians. In the foreland, the Alleghanian orogeny was signaled by the Mississippian unconformity, Mississippian shelf collapse and flysch sedimentation followed by deposition of a >3,000 m thick Pennsylvanian molasse wedge. The Pottsville Formation itself is folded and faulted, documenting that deformation continued after Westphalian A deposition into the Late Pennsylvanian. The recent report of Early Mississippian plant fossils from the tectonically overlying, greenschist-facies Talladega slate belt indicates that metamorphism and deformation of these units occurred after ca. 360--352 m.y. and thus resulted from the Alleghanian event. To the south, a post-metamorphic thrust, he Hollins line fault system, emplaced amphibolite-facies eastern Blue Ridge units upon the slate belt. [sup 40]Ar/[sup 39]Ar cooling dates from the eastern Blue Ridge are hornblende ca. 334 Ma and muscovite 329 Ma indicating transport of the already metamorphosed and cooled units during Alleghanian thrusting. [sup 40]Ar/[sup 39]Ar metamorphic cooling dates from the sillimanite-zone rocks of the eastern Blue Ridge, Inner Piedmont, Pine Mountain, and Uchee belts document maintenance of 500 C temperatures from the Carboniferous into the Early Permian, contemporaneous with the Alleghanian orogeny recorded in the foreland and the Talladega slate belt.

Steltenpohl, M.G. (Auburn Univ., AL (United States). Dept. of Geology)

1994-03-01

270

Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development Facility, Wilsonville, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of Run 262 performed at the Advanced Coal Liquefaction R D Facility in Wilsonville, Alabama. The run started on July 10, 1991 and continued until September 30, 1991, operating in the Close-Coupled Integrated Two-Stage Liquefaction mode processing Black Thunder Mine subbituminous coal (Wyodak-Anderson seam from Wyoming Powder River Basin). A dispersed molybdenum catalyst was evaluated for its performance. The effect of the dispersed catalyst on eliminating solids buildup was also evaluated. Half volume reactors were used with supported Criterion 324 1/16'' catalyst in the second stage at a catalyst replacement rate of 3 lb/ton of MF coal. The hybrid dispersed plus supported catalyst system was tested for the effect of space velocity, second stage temperature, and molybdenum concentration. The supported catalyst was removed from the second stage for one test period to see the performance of slurry reactors. Iron oxide was used as slurry catalyst at a rate of 2 wt % MF coal throughout the run (dimethyl disulfide (DMDS) was used as the sulfiding agent). The close-coupled reactor unit was on-stream for 1271.2 hours for an on-stream factor of 89.8% and the ROSE-SR unit was on-feed for 1101.6 hours for an on-stream factor of 90.3% for the entire run.

Not Available

1992-09-01

271

Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development Facility, Wilsonville, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of Run 261 performed at the Advanced Coal Liquefaction R D Facility in Wilsonville, Alabama. The run started on January 12, 1991 and continued until May 31, 1991, operating in the Close-Coupled Integrated Two-Stage Liquefaction mode processing Illinois No. 6 seam bituminous coal (from Burning star No. 2 mine). In the first part of Run 261, a new bimodal catalyst, EXP-AO-60, was tested for its performance and attrition characteristics in the catalytic/catalytic mode of the CC-ITSL process. The main objective of this part of the run was to obtain good process performance in the low/high temperature mode of operation along with well-defined distillation product end boiling points. In the second part of Run 261, Criterion (Shell) 324 catalyst was tested. The objective of this test was to evaluate the operational stability and catalyst and process performance while processing the high ash Illinois No. 6 coal. Increasing viscosity and preasphaltenes made it difficult to operate at conditions similar to EXP-AO-60 catalyst operation, especially at lower catalyst replacement rates.

Not Available

1992-09-01

272

Monitoring the Blind Shaft Borer Project, Oak Grove, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

In 1974, plans of the United States to obtain energy self-sufficiency included a significant increase in coal production, primarily from new underground mines in the Eastern states. The poor condition of coal shaft sinking companies was a major concern. The US Bureau of Mines perceived similarities between shaft sinking and tunnel boring and felt that a machine could be produced for faster, safer shaft sinking. In January 1975, the Robbins Co., a major producer of tunnel boring machines, submitted an unsolicited proposal to the Bureau of Mines to develop, design, build and demonstrate a Blind Shaft Borer (BSB). In June 1975, a contract was initiated to start work on a BSB. After the Department of Energy was formed, the project was transferred to their Department of Fossil Fuel. In late 1978, while the BSB was being assembled for the field trial near Oak Grove, Alabama, the DOE contracted with Williams Brothers Engineering Company to monitor the site activities and provide technical advice to the Technical Project Manager. This report reviews the BSB project prior to the field trial, describes field trial operations as observed by Williams Brothers Engineering Company personnel and provides a summary of daily activities. It also details project problems, interim efforts to resolve them, results obtained and recommendations to preclude their re-occurrence on future BSB projects.

Amstutz, R.; Danowski, T.

1982-03-01

273

Science in Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Alabama Science in Motion program is a project established by the Alabama State Legislature. The goals are to provide high tech laboratory experiences for students and effective professional development for teachers. The page provides links to a science departments around Alabama. Some of these include: Alabama A&M, Alabama State University, Athens State University, Auburn University, Jacksonville State University, University of Montevallo, Troy University, University of Alabama, University of Alabama-Birmingham, University of Alabama-Huntsville, North Alabama and South Alabama. This is just one portion the the Alabama Math, Science and Technology Initiative (AMSTI).

2009-04-08

274

Distribution of Ground Water Suitable for Use in Saline-Water Aquaculture in Central and West-Central Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Production of shrimp in inland ponds supplied by water from saline aquifers is a potential new aquaculture industry in Alabama. Examination of 2,527 well records of the Geological Survey of Alabama and the United States Geological Survey and samples from 35 wells revealed 238 wells with chloride concentration of 125 mg\\/L chloride or more in 11 counties of central and

Christopher A. Boyd; Phillip L. Chaney; Claude E. Boyd; David B. Rouse

2009-01-01

275

School Desegregation and Civil Society: The Unification of Alabama's Black and White Parent-Teacher Associations, 1954-1971  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This articles discusses the unification of Alabama's black and white Parent-Teacher Associations from 1954 to 1971. Alabama was one of the last PTA state units to desegregate in the late 1960s, along with Arkansas, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Texas. It was also the only state in which white members launched a successful…

Woyshner, Christine

2011-01-01

276

Missed Opportunities: Origin, Growth, and Decline of Community College Fire Science Degree Programs in Alabama, 1977 to 2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

There was rapid growth of Alabama community colleges in the late 1960s. At the same time, there was rapid growth nationally of fire science associate degree programs. With these concurrent events, one would expect fire department personnel in Alabama to benefit from new community college opportunities in fire science and fire administration. Instead, participation in fire science degree programs has

Jerry W. Laughlin

2007-01-01

277

Voices from inside the elementary classroom: Three teachers' perspectives on the Alabama Reading Initiative and elementary science  

Microsoft Academic Search

The influences of mandates, particularly the Alabama Reading Initiative (ARI) as the response to No Child Left Behind (2002), on elementary science education in Alabama were investigated. Teachers' voices provided insights to the status of science education in kindergarten, second grade, and third grade, and all three case participants reported negative influences of ARI on science education in their classrooms.

Brenda Hainley Webb

2009-01-01

278

Sustaining the “Societal and Scriptural Fence”: Cultural, Social, and Political Topographies of Same-Sex Marriage in Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

In June 2006, voters in Alabama overwhelmingly approved a statewide referendum that added a prohibition against same-sex marriage to the state's constitution. This research examines the Alabama vote by “placing” the politics of sexuality within the state's multifaceted web of cultural and social space. We fuse a traditional electoral geography approach with an overall postpositivist cultural and social perspective, beginning

Gerald R. Webster; Thomas Chapman; Jonathan Leib

2010-01-01

279

Technical report series: North Alabama water quality assessment: Volume 3, Water treatment plants and Wilson and Wheeler Dams  

Microsoft Academic Search

TVA is conducting an ongoing evaluation of the environmental effects of pollutants in water, sediment, and biota in North Alabama. This report presents data on surface water quality in the Shoals area of North Alabama. Samples were collected at five water treatment plants and at two dams on the mainstream of the Tennessee River. The objectives were to: (1) present

Meinert

1986-01-01

280

Student and Parent Perceptions of Barriers to and Benefits of the School Breakfast Program in Elementary Schools in Southeast Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors impacting participation in the School Breakfast Program (SBP) for elementary school students in southeast Alabama. Methods: Focus groups were used to gather qualitative data from southeastern Alabama public school fourth and fifth grade students and their parents. Six student…

Sabol, Alexis; Struempler, Barbara J.; Zizza, Claire A.

2011-01-01

281

Factors influencing students’ usage of school bus seat belts: An empirical analysis of the Alabama pilot project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Alabama State Department of Education and the Governor's Study Group on School Bus Seat Belts authorized and funded a research project to investigate the effects of lap-shoulder seat belts on Alabama school buses. This article performs an empirical analysis to address an important component of the study – factors that impact students’ decisions about wearing seat belts or not

Yingyan Lou; Gaurav Mehta; Daniel S. Turner

2011-01-01

282

Allocapnia sano, a new species of snowfly (Plecoptera: Capniidae) from Alabama, U.S.A., plus six new state records  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new eastern Nearctic snowfly species of the genus Allocapnia Claassen (Plecoptera: Capniidae) is described from Alabama, U.S.A. The male of the new species, A. sano, is distinguished from closely-related A. loshada Ricker and A. sequatchie Kondratieff and Kirchner by terminalia characters. In addition, new Alabama state records are reported for Zealeuctra fraxina Ricker & Ross, Amphinemura appalachia Baumann, A.

SCOTT A. GRUBBS

283

Implementation of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Elementary Science Study of Nature (LESSON) in North Alabama elementary and middle schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Alabama A M University - Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Elementary Science Study of Nature (ALALESSON) was designed to improve elementary and middle school science in North Alabama by involving teachers in two-week summer workshop as well as other follow-up activities. The purpose of the activities was to increase the science knowledge of the teachers and to provide them

McGuire

1989-01-01

284

Student and Parent Perceptions of Barriers to and Benefits of the School Breakfast Program in Elementary Schools in Southeast Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors impacting participation in the School Breakfast Program (SBP) for elementary school students in southeast Alabama. Methods: Focus groups were used to gather qualitative data from southeastern Alabama public school fourth and fifth grade students and their parents. Six…

Sabol, Alexis; Struempler, Barbara J.; Zizza, Claire A.

2011-01-01

285

78 FR 57611 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Alabama Shad as...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List Alabama Shad...Commerce (DOC). ACTION: Notice of 90-day petition finding, request for information...SUMMARY: We (NMFS) announce a 90-day finding on a petition to list Alabama...

2013-09-19

286

Genesis of Upper Cretaceous marl-limestone bedding, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

In Alabama, marl-limestone bedding couplets and correlative coeval prograding clastic barrier-shoreline facies occur in the upper 20 m of a high-stand systems tract within the lower Campanian Mooreville-Demopolis depositional sequence. The Mooreville-Demopolis depositional sequence is terminated by a type-2 unconformity biostratigraphically dated at about 80 million years before present. Based on estimates using long-term sedimentation rate, the average periodicity of the marl-limestone couplets is approximately 100,000 years. Taken at face value, the apparent 100,000-year periodicity would suggest a climate-forced (or Milankovitch) origin of the marl-limestone couplets owing to cycles of productivity and dilution. However, significant variations in marl-limestone couplet thickness (ranging from less than 1 m to several meters) both within and between couplets suggests that average periodicity is not a meaningful figure with respect to these couplets. Further, climate-forcing is not favored because coarse clastic material fines upward in the marl beds and the petrography of the beds shows that the primary mode of biochemical deposition switched from pelagic nannofossils (in the marl) to benthic algal calcispheres (in the limestone). In order to adequately explain the petrographic and thickness observations, changing relative sea level is suggested as a viable hypothesis. Tectonic effects related directly to early stages of the Laramide orogeny (about 80 million years before present) may have affected relative sea level as far east as the Gulf Coastal Plain, thus producing the marl-limestone sequences. Marl-limestone sequences may reflect either short-term buildup and relaxation of intraplate stresses or short-term eustatic changes that resulted from slight variations in Farallon spreading rates.

King, D.T. Jr. (Auburn Univ., AL (USA))

1990-09-01

287

Haynesville sandstone reservoirs in the Updip Jurassic trend of Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Subsequent to the 1986 drilling of the 1 Carolyn McCollough Unit 1-13 well, which initiated production from the Frisco City sand of the Haynesville Formation in Monroe County, Alabama, seven Haynesville fields have been established in Covington, Escambia, and Monroe counties. Initial flow rates of several hundred BOPD are typical for wells in these fields, and maximum rates exceed 2000 BOPD in North Frisco City field. As of August 1993, these fields produced more than 3,400,000 bbl of oil and 4,000,000 mcf of gas from depths of 12,000 to 13,000 ft. Haynesville sandstone reservoirs are concentrated in two distinct areas: (1) an eastern area (Hickory Branch, North Rome, and West Falco fields; API oil gravity = 40{degrees}) in the Conecuh embayment and (2) a western area (Frisco City, North Frisco City, southeast Frisco City, and Megargel fields; API oil gravity = 58-59{degrees}) on the Conecuh ridge complex. Eastern fields are productive from Haynesville sandstone, which is not continuous with the two distinct, productive sandstone bodies in western fields, the Frisco City sand and the Megargel sand. Hydrocarbon traps are structural or combination traps associated with basement paleohighs. Reservoir bodies generally consist of conglomerate (igneous clasts in western fields; limestone clasts in eastern fields), sandstone (subarkose-arkose), and shale (some of which is red) in stacked fining-upward sequences. Shale at the tops of these sequences is bioturbated. These marine strata were deposited in shoal-water braid-delta fronts. Petrophysical properties differ between the two areas. Maximum and average permeability in western fields (k{sub max} = 2000 md; k{sub ave} = 850-1800 md) is an order of magnitude higher than in eastern fields. The distribution of diagenetic components, including a variety of carbonate minerals, evaporate minerals (anhydrite and halite in western fields), and carbonate-replaced pseudomatrix, commonly is related to depositional architecture.

Kugler, R.L.; Mink, R.M. [Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States)

1994-09-01

288

Biosphere science news roundup. The Center for Biospheric Education and Research  

PubMed

The Center for Biospheric Education and Research (CBER) is an exciting and truly unique addition to The Huntsville-Madison County Botanical Garden. The mission of CBER is to increase the knowledge and understanding of closed ecological life support systems, including both natural and man-made biospheres. Its primary emphasis will be on the Earth biosphere with particular attention to the role of plants in maintaining a balanced environment. Secondary emphasis will be on the space station and lunar habitation biospheres, both of which employ plants for environmental control, food, and aesthetics. CBER will serve as a catalyst providing both a forum and a facility for research, education, and display of methodologies and technologies relevant to the creation and maintenance of such biospheric systems. PMID:11538578

Cotten, J H

1994-01-01

289

Nursing Education in Alabama: Supply and Demand, Quality of Programs and Minority Representation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An Advisory Committee on Nursing Education, established to examine the supply of and demand for registered nurses in Alabama, was charged with: (1) continuing the development of a projection model for the supply and demand (including a determination of the proper mix of nurses prepared at the baccalaureate, associate, diploma, and practical…

Alabama State Commission on Higher Education, Montgomery.

290

Smile Alabama! Initiative: Interim Results from a Program To Increase Children's Access to Dental Care.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An Alabama initiative aimed to improve access to oral health care for Medicaid-eligible children through four components: improved Medicaid claims processing, increased reimbursement for providers, outreach and educational activities to support providers, and parent and patient education about children's oral health. In the first 3 program years,…

Greene-McIntyre, Mary; Finch, Mary Hayes; Searcy, John

2003-01-01

291

Legal and Ethical Implications of Working with Minors in Alabama: Consent and Confidentiality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Until recently, there has been little guidance in the professional literature with respect to counseling minors outside of the school setting. Although most authors suggest referring to state statutes for legal limits of counseling practice, little research exists describing these requirements in Alabama. The purpose of this literature and…

Keim, Michael A.; Cobia, Debra

2010-01-01

292

Curriculum integration in the freshman year at the University of Alabama-foundation coalition program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Alabama presented its first set of freshman year courses as part of the NSF sponsored Foundation Coalition during the 1994-1995 academic year. The three major thrust areas of this coalition are: curriculum integration; technology enabled education; and human interface issues. The focus of the paper is on the integration aspects of the freshman year engineering, mathematics, and

J. Parker; D. Cordes; C. Laurie; A. Hopenwasser; J. Izatt; D. Nikles

1995-01-01

293

Concentrations, Distribution and Persistence of Perfluoroalkylates in Sludge-Applied Soils near Decatur, Alabama, USA  

EPA Science Inventory

Sludges generated at a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Decatur, Alabama have been applied to agricultural fields for more than a decade. Waste-stream sources to this WWTP during this period included industries that work with fluorotelomer compounds, and sludges from this fac...

294

The Day Autherine Lucy Dared To Integrate the University of Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Responding to a federal court order to integrate, the University of Alabama admitted Autherine Lucy in 1956. On campus, she was pelted with eggs and threatened with death. After staying locked in a university hall for 3 hours, she was taken away by the police. The following day, trustees suspended Lucy "for her own safety." (SM)|

McWhorter, Diane

2001-01-01

295

The Impact of CHIP Coverage on Children With Asthma in Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluates the impact of coverage in ALL Kids, the Alabama Child Health Insurance Program (CHIP), by examining asthma-related utilization and outcomes among children continuously enrolled for 3 years (N = 1954)with persistent asthma at enrollment. Outcomes and costs were compared for the first, second, and third years of enrollment using repeated measures analysis of variance and controlling for

Nir Menachemi; Justin Blackburn; Bisakha Sen; Michael A. Morrisey; David J. Becker; Cathy Caldwell; Meredith L. Kilgore

2012-01-01

296

Unified Budget Recommendations for Fiscal Year 1988-89. Alabama Commission on Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents funding proposals from the Alabama Commission on Higher Education. Individual sections present the following: (1) the executive summary of the 1988-89 Unified Budget Recommendations; (2) a detailed presentation of the Higher Education Unified Budget Recommendations Program for the 1986-87 and 1987-88 appropriations and the…

Alabama State Commission on Higher Education, Montgomery.

297

An Assessment of Music Programs in the Alabama Community College System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alabama Community College System (ACCS) consists of 21 comprehensive community colleges, four technical colleges, and Athens State University, the state's only upper level, two- year college. The majority of those 21 colleges incorporate the five objectives of providing transfer, vocational/technical and remedial education, as well as…

Powe, Holly Vanessa

2010-01-01

298

Diet Quality Is Low among Female Food Pantry Clients in Eastern Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Examine diet quality, food security, and obesity among female food pantry clients. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: A food pantry in Lee County, Alabama. Participants: Fifty-five female food pantry clients between 19 and 50 years of age. Main Outcome Measure(s): Diet quality using United States (US) Department of Agriculture…

Duffy, Patricia; Zizza, Claire; Jacoby, Jocelynn; Tayie, Francis A.

2009-01-01

299

Ecological Distribution and Community Analysis of Tardigrada from Choccolocco Creek, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

A seasonal survey of tardigrade populations in the riparian zone of the Choccolocco Creek, Alabama, was undertaken from August 1994 through December 1995. Six sites within the riparian zone were sampled in different portions of the creek. At each site, 3 trees with cryptogams were sampled six times during survey period. From a total of 108 samples, 1,588 tardigrades were

Frank A. Romano; Blanca Barreras-Borrero; Diane R. Nelson

2001-01-01

300

Seasonal and Altitudinal Variation in the Distribution and Abundance of Tardigrada on Dugger Mountain, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

A seasonal survey of the distribution of terrestrial tardigrades on Dugger Mountain, Alabama, was conducted during the time period from April 1997 through April 1998. Cryptogams from five trees (Quercus alba), three on north-facing slopes and two on south-facing slopes, were sampled seasonally at three stations (645 m, 410 m, 183 m) along an unnamed tributary of the South Fork

P. Brent Nichols; Frank A. Romano; Diane R. Nelson

2001-01-01

301

76 FR 14611 - Approval and Promulgation of Implementation Plans; Alabama; 110(a)(1) and (2) Infrastructure...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Implementation Plans; Alabama; 110(a)(1) and (2) Infrastructure Requirements for the 1997...requirements of sections 110(a)(1) and (2) of the Clean Air Act (CAA or the Act...on-line instructions for submitting comments. 2. E-mail:...

2011-03-17

302

Recreational Boat Leasing on the Mississippi and Alabama Coasts: A Review of Boat Owners' Legal Responsibilities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Fishing and the fishing-related tourist industry are two of the most important economic activities on the Mississippi-Alabama Gulf Coast. There are charterboats specializing in bottom fishing or trolling in the coastal and offshore waters. Fishing camps r...

C. Jarman M. T. Gibbs S. K. Farnell

1981-01-01

303

Alabama Occupational Information System. Final Progress Report. July 15, 1976 to July 14, 1977.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report reviews the second-year activities of the Alabama Occupational Information System (AOIS), whose second-year objectives were (1) to review all state file formats, particularly the occupational file, (2) to validate national data supplied by the Government Information Service (GIS), (3) to develop and implement a Job Bank Summary File,…

Alabama Occupational Information System Board, Montgomery.

304

From desegregation to diversity management in Alabama public universities: a narrative review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of the paper is to demonstrate that history has much to teach leaders in understanding resistance to affirmative action and how a greater commitment to diversity can be fostered. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This narrative review provides a timeline of a case for resolution-by-agreement in the wake of the landmark Knight v. Alabama case. Findings – There have

Vickie Cox Edmondson; Louis Dale; Glenn Feldman; Annice Yarber

2011-01-01

305

Incidence and Distribution of Viruses in Blackberry (Rubus sp.) in Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was conducted in 2007 to determine the incidence and distribution of viruses in commercial blackberry crops in Alabama. Symptomatic and asymptomatic plants in eight major blackberry producing counties were tested for Impatiens necrotic spot virus, Raspberry bushy dwarf virus, Tobacco ringspot virus, and Tomato ringspot virus using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Seventy-nine percent of the blackberry samples were infected.

Elina Coneva; John F. Murphy; Robert Boozer; Nubia Velasquez

2010-01-01

306

First report of Soybean Rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) on Florida Beggarweed (Desmodium tortuosum) in Alabama  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Soybean rust (SBR), caused by the fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi, was detected on Florida Beggarweed (Desmodium tortuosum) for the first time in Alabama in November, 2009. The pathogen was not observed in 2010 or 2011, probably because of the exceptionally dry, hot weather in the region. The pathogen ...

307

Pesticide residues in the top soil of five West Alabama counties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary The types and levels of pesticide residues in soil samples from five west Alabama counties were determined. Soil samples were taken randomly from preselected sites in each county and were analyzed by gas chromatography. Pesticide residues were found in all samples examined, even soil samples from areas where records indicated that no pesticides had been applied directly. The most

R. Albright; N. Johnson; T. W. Sanderson; R. M. Farb; Rena Melton; Lynn Fisher; G. R. Wells; W. R. Parsons; V. C. Scott; J. R. STALLWORTH; B. G. Moore; A. W. Hayes

1974-01-01

308

7. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just off U.S. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. ALABAMA, SUMTER CO., EPES RAILROAD BRIDGE Just off U.S. 11, N of Epes Copy of photo by Jack Donnell, Columbus, Ms. 1922. Picture of earlier bridge: turn span and fixed spans. Ala. Great Southern RR. Sarcone Photography, Columbus, Ms. Sep 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

309

2. ALABAMA, PICKENS, CO., COCHRANE HIGHWAY BRIDGE 1.5 miles N. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. ALABAMA, PICKENS, CO., COCHRANE HIGHWAY BRIDGE 1.5 miles N. from Cochrane on Ala. route 17. Aerial view of Milner bridge, from SE. David J. Kaminsky, Architecturl Photography, Atlanta Ga. Aug 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

310

1. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE HIGHWAY BRIDGE 1.5 miles N. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. ALABAMA, PICKENS CO., COCHRANE HIGHWAY BRIDGE 1.5 miles N. from Cochrane on Ala. route 17 Aerial view of Milner bridge, from SW. David J. Kaminsky, Architectural Photography, Atlanta Ga. Aug 1978. - Bridges of the Upper Tombigbee River Valley, Cochrane, Pickens County, AL

311

An Assessment of Student Development Programs at Public Community, Junior, and Technical Colleges in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine the differences in the perceptions of administrators, student development practitioners, faculty, and students with respect to the effectiveness of selected student services in two-year colleges in Alabama. A survey instrument, requesting respondents to express their agreement or disagreement with 57 statements…

Deavers, Ken; Halpin, Gerald

312

Growth of Freshwater Drum from Lotic and Lentic Habitats in Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyzed variations in the age and growth of freshwater drum Aplodinotus grunniens in Alabama rivers and reservoirs. Lotic environments produced significantly more robust freshwater drum (associated with higher growth rates) than did lentic settings. Shorter reservoir retention times (more lotic reservoirs) also produced more robust and faster-growing freshwater drum, which supported the hypothesis that hydraulic-based habitat was an important

Andrew L. Rypel; David R. Bayne; Justin B. Mitchell

2006-01-01

313

Smackover exploration in the 1980s along Conecuh Ridge, Southwestern Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1982 and 1983, Smackover oil production was established at three new fields along the Conecuh ridge, southwestern Alabama, doubling the number of existing fields. Two of these discoveries (Huxford field and Appleton field) were a direct result of Texaco USA's aggressive exploration program in Monroe, Conecuh, and Escambia Counties. Texaco also participated in the third field discovery, Lovett's Creek.

J. E. Bailey; J. L. Rice

1985-01-01

314

Analysis of a Small Steam District Heating System at Ft. McClellan, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An analysis to identify major causes for heat loss from one steam district heating system at Ft. McClellan, Alabama, has been made. Because only limited information based on measurements was available, we took measurements of condensate ejected from traps...

G. D. Pine

1984-01-01

315

Interaction of Hyperthermal Atoms on Surfaces in Orbit: The University of Alabama Experiment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The University of Alabama experiment which flew on the STS-8 mission had several objectives which were mostly of a speculative nature since so little was known of the processes of interest. The experiment provided original data on: (1) oxidation of metal ...

J. C. Gregory

1987-01-01

316

Home Schooling in Alabama: Perspectives of Public School Superintendents and Home Schooling Families.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes home schooling in Alabama from the perspectives of public-school superintendents and home-schooling families. It is based on a study that investigated the extent, causes, and experiences of home schooling; concerns about the practice of home schooling; and the relationship between home schoolers and public-school systems. Home…

Kozlowski, Anna T.

317

Great Expectations: A Guide to Alabama's High School Graduation Exam. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|State leaders, parents, and business people want to be sure that students truly learn what they are being taught in school. Today, basic skills are not sufficient to guarantee that children will find good jobs and become productive citizens. As a result, the Alabama State Legislature passed its Education Accountability Law in 1995. The new…

Alabama Department of Education, 2003

2003-01-01

318

Sequence stratigraphy of middle and upper Jurassic strata of Southwestern Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Middle and Upper Jurassic systems tracts of southwestern Alabama differ from those of the western Gulf rim, showing: (1) profound influence of antecedent topography; (2) low early subsidence rates; and (3) greater clastic influx from adjacent uplands. Werner Anhydrite and Louann Salt represent the earliest marine incursion onto the Gulf rim following initial rifting; they onlap upper Paleozoic basement and

W. J. Wade; C. H. Jr. Moore

1993-01-01

319

Jurassic sequence stratigraphy in the Mississippi interior salt basin of Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three depositional sequences associated with cycles of eustatic sea-level change and coastal onlap can be identified in the Mississippi Interior Salt basin of Alabama. In the Mississippi Interior Salt basin, the lower depositional sequence is bounded by a basal unconformity and an upper Type 2 unconformity in the Callovian. This sequence includes Louann evaporites, Pine Hill anhydrites and shales, and

E. A. Mancini; B. H. Tew; R. M. Mink

1990-01-01

320

The Alabama Counseling Association: A Legacy of Community and Professional Service  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Alabama Counseling Association (ALCA) has an ongoing plan for professional growth and development reflective of the multiple counseling professions and the diversity of its members. Based on the development and history of the organization, this research project was designed to assess ALCA's progress toward achieving its stated outcome goals.…

Clark, Eddie, Jr.

2007-01-01

321

Historical Changes in Occupational Status Projections of Northeast Alabama Youth, 1966-1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprised of 20 tables of data, this paper presents the statistical data on the historical changes in occupational status projections of Northeast Alabama youth in 1966 and 1972. The data pertain to: (1) frequency distributions of occupational orientations by race and sex; and (2) changes in occupational aspirations, expectations, anticipatory…

Stuart, Nina G.; Dunkelberger, J. E.

322

Educational Projections of Southern Appalachian Youth: High School Seniors in Northeast Alabama, 1966-1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historical changes reflected in the educational goals of black and white high school seniors in 1966 and 1972 were compared. The five orientation dimensions studied were aspiration, expectation, goal deflection, goal certainty, and goal intensity. Data were collected in the four contiguous Northeast Alabama counties of Cherokee, DeKalb, Jackson,…

Stuart, Nina G.; Dunkelberger, J. E.

323

Ancestry reported by white adults with cutaneous melanoma and control subjects in central Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the hypothesis that the high incidence of cutaneous melanoma in white persons in central Alabama is associated with a predominance of Irish and Scots descent. METHODS: Frequencies of country of ancestry reports were tabulated. The reports were also converted to scores that reflect proportional countries of ancestry in individuals. Using the scores, we computed aggregate

Ronald T Acton; Ellen H Barton; William W Hollowell; Amy L Dreibelbis; James C Barton

2004-01-01

324

BREAKING RECORDS - SENSIBLE MANAGEMENT HELPS ALABAMA'S LONG-TERM EXPERIMENTS NET RECORD YIELDS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Alabama's Old Rotation Experiment (circa 1896) and the Cullars Rotation Experiment (circa 1911) at Auburn University have set record or near record crop yields for these experiments over the last few years. Researchers contributing to the Old Rotation and Cullars Rotation experiments attribute high...

325

Accommodations: Results of a Survey of Alabama Special Education Teachers. Synthesis Report 81  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report contains the findings from a survey of 2,336 special education teachers in the state of Alabama on making and implementing decisions about accommodations. Key findings included: (1) When making instructional accommodations decisions 51% of the survey respondents considered student characteristics as an important factor. Only 12% of…

Altman, Jason R.; Cormier, Damien C.; Lazarus, Sheryl S.; Thurlow, Martha L.; Holbrook, Marla; Byers, Miriam; Chambers, DaLee; Moore, Margaret; Pence, Nanette

2010-01-01

326

In Defense of Field Trips: A Conversation with Educators from an Extraordinary Alabama Public School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|People looking for a public school Cinderella story need look no further than George Hall Elementary in Mobile, Alabama. The once struggling school, which serves mostly low-income children, now boasts state math and reading test scores most wealthy suburban schools would be proud of. George Hall did not have to sacrifice all but the basics to get…

von Zastrow, Claus

2010-01-01

327

Experimental SO2 Removal System and Waste Disposal Pond, Widows Creek Steam Plant, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

TVA proposes to install a full-scale research and demonstration wet-limestone SO2 scrubber on unit 8 of the Widows Creek Steam Plant, Jackson County, Alabama, in order to develop technology for removing sulfur dioxide (SO2), and to construct a new disposa...

1973-01-01

328

Show Me the Way to Go Home--An Alabama Health Education Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Allied health professionals are those (exclusive of physicians, dentists, pharmacists, and nurses) who provide health care in support of or supplementing other health professionals. The Regional Technical Institute enables students from 26 colleges and junior colleges in Alabama and Tennessee to train in 14 allied health professions. (BR)

Pruitt, Jan; Ray, Jane

1979-01-01

329

Trade & Industrial Education. Preparing Today for Tomorrow's Workforce. Alabama Course of Study. Bulletin 1996, No. 21.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide, which is intended for classroom teachers, supervisors, and administrators throughout Alabama, contains the minimum required content (core program) for public school instruction in trade and industrial education in grades 7-12. Presented first are the following: introduction examining the objectives and delivery of trade and industrial…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

330

ENVIRONMENTAL ATTITUDES OF ALABAMA COASTAL RESIDENTS: PUBLIC OPINION POLLS AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY  

EPA Science Inventory

Given these conclusions at the national level, it follows that the continued health and vitality of the Alabama coastal zone is associated with the current environmental knowledge of Mobile and Baldwin county residents. In this research, we collected information from coa...

331

New insights into lightning processes gained from triggered-lightning experiments in Florida and Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analyses of electric and magnetic fields measured at distances from tens to hundreds of meters from the ground strike point of triggered lightning at Camp Blanding, Florida, and at 10 and 20 m at Fort McClellan, Alabama, in conjunction with currents measured at the lightning channel base and with optical observations, allow us to make new inferences on several aspects

V. A. Rakov; M. A. Uman; K. J. Rambo; M. I. Fernandez; R. J. Fisher; G. H. Schnetzer; R. Thottappillil; A. Eybert-Berard; J. P. Berlandis; P. Lalande; A. Bonamy; P. Laroche; A. Bondiou-Clergerie

1998-01-01

332

Walk-through survey report Monsanto Company Fibers Division, Decatur, Alabama 35601. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

An industrial hygiene survey to assess personnel records and possible exposures of persons involved in the use of acrylonitrile (AN) (107131) at the Monsanto Company Fibers Division, Decatur, Alabama, is reported. The plant is involved in the manufacture of acrylic fibers, polyester staple, nylon tire yarn, nylon staple, nylon intermediate chemicals, polyester flake, polystyrene plastics, and ChemCoke. The nylon intermediates

J. Brown; C. Robinson

1978-01-01

333

Maastrichtian ammonites chiefly from the Prairie Bluff Chalk in Alabama and Mississippi  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The Prairie Bluff Chalk of Alabama and Mississippi yields a diverse ammonite fauna of Maastrichtian age. Twenty-eight species, of which three are new, are recorded. The bulk of the fauna can be referred to a Discoscaphites conradi assemblage zone, but some elements in the fauna are significantly older. -Authors

Cobban, W. A.; Kennedy, W. J.

1995-01-01

334

Effects of Channel Catfish Farming on Water Quality and Flow in an Alabama Stream  

Microsoft Academic Search

Big Prairie Creek, Hale County, Alabama, receives overflow and draining effluent from about 5,000 ha of channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, ponds. Tributary streams receiving effluent directly from ponds were higher in concentrations of suspended solids, turbidity, nutrients, and biochemical oxygen demand than Big Prairie Creek, and these variables increased from upstream to downstream stations in Big Prairie Creek. Nevertheless, water

Orawan Silapajarn; Claude E. Boyd

2005-01-01

335

The role of psychology and psychiatry in general hospital settings in Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigated the availability of psychiatric units in general hospitals, the variety of staff personnel employed, and the range of treatment methods utilized in Alabama. 36% of the responding hospitals provided inpatient psychiatric services. Larger hospitals were more apt to provide these services. The type of staff employed and treatment utilized were similar for both psychiatric institutions and general community hospitals.

J. Kevin Thompson; Frank L. Collins; Chester W. Jenkins

1979-01-01

336

DEVELOPMENT OF AN INVERTEBRATE COMMUNITY INDEX FOR AN ALABAMA COASTAL PLAIN WATERSHED  

Microsoft Academic Search

Activities such as agriculture, silviculture, and mining contribute nonpoint pollution to Alabama's streams through pollut- ed runoff and excessive sedimentation. Highly erodible soils charac- teristic of the Choctawhatchee-Pea Rivers watershed, combined with intense rainfall and land use practices, contribute large amounts of sediment to streams. Biological monitoring can reflect the acute impacts of pollutants as well as prolonged effects of

Holly H. Bennett; Michael W. Mullen; Paul M. Stewart; James A. Sawyer; E. Cliff Webber

2004-01-01

337

Development of an Invertebrate Community Index for an Alabama Coastal Plain Watershed  

Microsoft Academic Search

Activities such as agriculture, silviculture, and mining contribute nonpoint pollution to Alabama's streams through polluted runoff and excessive sedimentation. Highly erodible soils characteristic of the Choctawhatchee-Pea Rivers watershed, combined with intense rainfall and land use practices, contribute large amounts of sediment to streams. Biological monitoring can reflect the acute impacts of pollutants as well as prolonged effects of habitat alteration,

Holly H. Bennet; Michael W. Mullen; Paul M. Stewart; James A. Sawyer; E. Cliff Webber

2004-01-01

338

Diet Quality Is Low among Female Food Pantry Clients in Eastern Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Examine diet quality, food security, and obesity among female food pantry clients. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: A food pantry in Lee County, Alabama. Participants: Fifty-five female food pantry clients between 19 and 50 years of age. Main Outcome Measure(s): Diet quality using United States (US) Department of Agriculture…

Duffy, Patricia; Zizza, Claire; Jacoby, Jocelynn; Tayie, Francis A.

2009-01-01

339

The Availability and Delivery of Health Care to High School Athletes in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A sports medicine survey of 119 public high schools in Alabama showed smaller schools at a disadvantage in offering health care for athletes relative to larger schools. Many schools rated the delivery and quality of medical care to the athletes as fair to very poor. (MT)|

Culpepper, Michael I.

1986-01-01

340

The History and Development of the Alabama Division of the American Rehabilitation Counseling Association  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Alabama Division of the American Rehabilitation Association is an organization committed to representing those counselors who work in the field of rehabilitation across the state. The division is focused on offering leadership within the field of rehabilitation counseling, promoting professional development opportunities for counselors, and…

Templeton, Mary Anne

2007-01-01

341

Hydrologic characterization of the unconfined aquifer at the General Motors Harrison Division Plant, Tuscaloosa, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

General Motors (GM) is studying the feasibility of aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) for air conditioning at their Harrison Division plant located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has assisted in this effort by conducting field tests to measure the hydraulic properties of the proposed ATES well field, which will be within the unconfined aquifer and adjacent to the

S. H. Hall; D. R. Newcomer; S. P. Luttrell

1991-01-01

342

Norphlet formation (Upper Jurassic) of southwestern and offshore Alabama: environments of deposition and petroleum geology  

SciTech Connect

Upper Jurassic Norphlet sediments in southwestern and offshore Alabama accumulated under arid climatic conditions. The Appalachian Mountains of the eastern United States extended into southwestern Alabama to provide a barrier for air and water circulation during the deposition of the Norphlet Formation. These mountains produced topographic conditions that contributed to the arid climate, and they affected sedimentation. Norphlet paleogeography in southwestern Alabama was dominated by a broad desert plain, rimmed to the north and east by the Appalachians and to the south by a developing shallow sea. The desert plain extended westward into eastern and central Mississippi. Norphlet hydrocarbon potential in southwestern and offshore Alabama is excellent; six oil and gas fields already have been established. Petroleum traps discovered to date are primarily structural traps involving salt anticlines, faulted salt anticlines, and extensional fault traps associated with salt movement. Reservoir rocks consist primarily of quartz-rich sandstones that are eolian, wadi, and marine in origin. Porosity is principally secondary (dissolution) with some intergranular porosity. Smackover algal carbonate mudstones were probably the source for the Norphlet hydrocarbons. Jurassic oil generation and migration probably were initiated in the Early Cretaceous.

Mancini, E.A.; Bearden, B.L.; Mink, R.M.; Wilkerson, R.P.

1985-06-01

343

THE 2001 ALABAMA SHAKESPEARE FESTIVAL PRODUCTIONS OF KING JOHN AND JULIUS CAESAR  

Microsoft Academic Search

n its thirtieth anniversary season, the Alabama Shakespeare Festival produced one play never before performed at the Festival, Shakespeare's King John; and Julius Caesar, last performed in 1991. King John was performed in the 250-seat Octagon Theatre, while Julius Caesar was performed in the larger 750-seat Festival Stage. While Howard Jensen of Indiana University directed King John and Kent Thompson,

Craig Barrow

344

Changing church in the south: religion and politics in Elba, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional wisdom and statistical evidence show Southerners to be considerably more conservative on social issues like gay marriage and abortion than others in the U.S. But in shifting one's vantage point from the aerial view of statistics to the streets of Elba, Alabama, the relationships among faith, politics and social values become far more nuanced and dynamic. In this Southern

Julie Ardery

2006-01-01

345

EFFECTS OF SECTION 404 PERMITTING ON FRESHWATER WETLANDS IN LOUISIANA, ALABAMA, AND MISSISSIPPI  

EPA Science Inventory

Information was compiled on permits issued under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act for alteration of freshwater wetlands from January 1982-August 1987 in Louisiana, Alabama, and Mississippi. he location, area, wetland type, and other data describing the impacted and compensatory...

346

Cooperative Library Resource Sharing among Universities Supporting Graduate Study in Alabama.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Intended as a basis for continuing and expanding cooperative network activities, this publication presents five comprehensive reports developed in 1981/82 which assess the academic libraries of the 16 public and private postsecondary educational institutions in Alabama. The five reports cover collection development, staff adequacy, space…

Alabama State Commission on Higher Education, Montgomery.

347

ECONOMIC FEASIBILITY OF AN ENERGY CROP ON A SOUTH ALABAMA COTTON-PEANUT FARM  

Microsoft Academic Search

Linear programming and enterprise budgeting were used to analyze rotation options, including an energy crop (intercropped grain sorghum and velvet bean), for a representative south Alabama farm. The energy crop was priced beginning at $30.00 per ton, at which price it did not enter the solution. At prices of $41 per ton or higher, the energy crop was produced.

E. Todd Frank; Patricia A. Duffy; C. Robert Taylor; David Bransby; Max Runge; Rodrigo Rodriguez-Kabana

2004-01-01

348

Organizational characteristics associated with cultural and linguistic service provision within Alabama hospitals.  

PubMed

Like several states in the Southeast, Alabama is in the nascent stages of an increase in the population of foreign-born individuals for whom English is a second language. These individuals are also culturally different from the traditional southern population. Given the impact of culture and language on a person's service utilization, the introduction of new cultures may pose significant challenges for Alabama's health care providers if they are not prepared. The purpose of this project is to examine the organizational characteristics associated with the provision of culturally and linguistically appropriate services by Alabama hospitals. The data for the project come from a survey of all medical/surgical hospitals (N = 101). Fifty-nine surveys were returned, giving us a 58% response rate. The data were analyzed using correlations, analysis of variance, and logistic regression. Approximately 47% of the sample hospitals reported having a staff interpreter. Furthermore, hospitals that had staff interpreters did seem to be more aware of their community, which was reflected in their mission statements. In addition, directors who viewed their role as fulfilling the strategic plan accepted the task of providing staff interpreters. Thus, several hospitals in Alabama seemed to be ready to meet the cultural and language needs of their markets. PMID:18510147

Davis, Jullet A; Whitman, Marilyn V

349

NASOPHARYNGEAL FLORA IN HEALTH AND DURING RESPIRATORY DISEASE IN ISOLATED COMMUNITIES IN ALABAMA AND LABRADOR  

PubMed Central

Studies of the bacterial flora of the nasopharynx were made in isolated communities in South Alabama and Labrador. The basic flora was determined in both communities. In Alabama an epidemic of common colds was studied. In Labrador cases of sporadic colds and an epidemic of tracheitis were studied. Gram-negative cocci were found in nearly all normal individuals in moderate numbers. In pathological states there was a suppression of these organisms. Staphylococci were found in small numbers in about half of the normal individuals. In pathological conditions they disappeared from most of those affected but were found in increased numbers in a few individuals. Pfeiffer bacilli were absent or present only in small numbers in normal individuals. During the epidemic of colds in Alabama there was an increase in the number of strains recovered and an increase in the relative numbers of the bacilli in each throat. The highest prevalence was found one month after the epidemic had reached its height. In Labrador a similar increase was coincident with an epidemic of tracheitis. During normal periods the majority of the Pfeiffer strains were of the para non-indol-forming type. During epidemic periods the strains recovered were largely true indol-forming B. Pfeifferi. Hemolytic streptococci were rarely found in normals. During disease prevalence periods they appeared in a small number of persons. In Alabama, indifferent streptococci resembled the hemolytic streptococci in their distribution. In Labrador they were found to be widely distributed in both health and disease and composed apparently a part of the normal flora. Green streptococci were found to be widely distributed in fairly large numbers both in health and disease. Intermediates, or organisms midway between green streptococci and pneumococci, were found in moderate numbers in each series of persons studied. Early in the Alabama epidemic they were present in large numbers in nearly all persons. Pneumococci were not found in Alabama in normal individuals. The epidemic of colds in Alabama was accompanied by a marked increase in the incidence of these organisms. In Labrador pneumococci seemed to be part of the normal flora as they were generally distributed throughout the community, in many instances comprising a large proportion of the flora of an individual's throat. The Labrador strains of pneumococci were avirulent. A variety of other organisms such as diphtheroids, Gram-negative rods, and Gram-positive cocci were found in small numbers in many individuals both in health and disease.

Burky, E. L.; Smillie, W. G.

1929-01-01

350

Triangle Centers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A listing, with description and illustration, of 20th-century triangle centers (including: Schiffler Point, Exeter Point, Parry Point, congruent isoscelizers point, Yff Center of Congruence, isoperimetric point and equal detour point, Ajima-Malfatti Points, Apollonius Point, Morley Centers, Hofstadter Points, and equal parallelians points) and some classical triangle centers (including: centroid, incenter, circumcenter, orthocenter, Fermat Point, nine-point center, symmedian (or Lemoine) point, Gergonne point, Nagel point, Mittenpunkt, Spieker center, Feuerbach point, isodynamic points, and Napoleon points), as well as other references (to print works) and a list of journals that frequently publish items of interest to triangle geometers.

Kimberling, Clark, 1942-

2008-09-22

351

Evaluation of enhanced recovery operations in Smackover fields of southwest Alabama. Draft topical report on Subtasks 5 and 6  

SciTech Connect

This report contains detailed geologic and engineering information on enhanced-recovery techniques used in unitized Smackover fields in Alabama. The report also makes recommendations on the applicability of these enhanced-recovery techniques to fields that are not now undergoing enhanced recovery. Eleven Smackover fields in Alabama have been unitized. Three fields were unitized specifically to allow the drilling of a strategically placed well to recover uncontacted oil. Two fields in Alabama are undergoing waterflood projects. Five fields are undergoing gas-injection programs to increase the ultimate recovery of hydrocarbons. Silas and Choctaw Ridge fields were unitized but no enhanced-recovery operations have been implemented.

Hall, D.R.

1992-06-01

352

Results of the Analyses of Screening Surface and Well Water Samples from Decatur, Alabama for Selected Perfluorinated Compounds  

EPA Science Inventory

EPA has conducted testing of agricultural sites in Alabama where sewage sludge was applied from a local wastewater treatment plant that receives wastewater from numerous industrial sources, including facilities that manufacture and use perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and other perf...

353

75 FR 34735 - Adequacy Status of the Alabama Portion (Jackson County) of the Chattanooga, Tennessee Tri-State...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Adequacy Status of the Alabama Portion (Jackson County) of the Chattanooga, Tennessee Tri-State Area 1997 Annual PM2.5 Attainment Demonstration Insignificance Finding for Transportation Conformity Purposes AGENCY: Environmental...

2010-06-18

354

Prehistoric Agricultural Communities in West Central Alabama. Volume 2. Studies of Material Remains from the Lubbub Creek Archaeological Locality.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The excavations conducted in the Lubbub Archaeological Locality examined in detail a Mississippian period settlement located on the Tombigbee River, in Pickens County, Alabama. Work at the site was carried out by the University of Michigan between 1978 an...

C. S. Peebles

1983-01-01

355

76 FR 6187 - Open Meeting of the Area 3 Taxpayer Advocacy Panel (Including the States of Alabama, Georgia...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Service Open Meeting of the Area 3 Taxpayer Advocacy Panel (Including the States of Alabama...An open meeting of the Area 3 Taxpayer Advocacy Panel will be conducted. The Taxpayer Advocacy Panel is soliciting public comments,...

2011-02-03

356

76 FR 48941 - Alabama & Florida Railway Co., Inc.-Abandonment Exemption-in Geneva, Coffee, and Covington...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Railway Co., Inc.--Abandonment Exemption--in Geneva, Coffee, and Covington Counties, Ala. Alabama & Florida Railway Co...at Geneva, Ala., a distance of 42.9 miles, in Geneva, Coffee and Covington Counties, Ala. The line constitutes...

2011-08-09

357

Industrial Hygiene Report: Preliminary Survey of Wood Preservative Treatment Facility at Seaman Timber Company, Inc., Montevallo, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Seaman Timber Company, Inc. (Standard Industrial Classification 2491) of Montevallo, Alabama was surveyed on July 26, 1979 to provide information on current and past processes used at the company, to review occupational safety and health procedures, t...

A. S. Todd C. Y. Timbie

1979-01-01

358

Water use, availability, and net demand in the Tennessee River watershed within Alabama, 2005  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The U.S. Geological Survey worked in cooperation with the Alabama Department of Economic and Community Affairs—Office of Water Resources to estimate water use and water availability for 2005 for the portion of the Tennessee River watershed contained within the borders of the State of Alabama. Estimates of water use and availability are an important part of planning for population and economic growth in the Tennessee River watershed in Alabama. Total water use for the region in 2005 was 5,197 million gallons per day (Mgal/d). Total surface-water withdrawals were 5,139 Mgal/d, and total groundwater withdrawals were about 58 Mgal/d. About 92 percent of the total water withdrawn was surface water used for once-through cooling for thermoelectric power generation. Self-supplied industrial and public-supply water uses accounted for the next greatest uses of water, constituting approximately 49 and 42 percent, respectively, of the total water use excluding thermoelectric power use. Summaries of water use by county and subbasin indicated the areas of greatest water withdrawals and use within the Tennessee River watershed. Limestone (2,012 Mgal/d), Jackson (1,498 Mgal/d), and Colbert (1,363 Mgal/d) Counties were the counties with the greatest total water use in 2005 and had large amounts of water withdrawn for thermoelectric power generation. When water use from thermoelectric power generation was not considered, the counties with the greatest withdrawals were Morgan (124 Mgal/d), Madison (72 Mgal/d), Colbert (69 Mgal/d), and Lawrence (67 Mgal/d). The subbasin with the greatest total water use was Wheeler Lake (2,260 Mgal/d) in the Middle Tennessee—Elk subregion. Wheeler Lake subbasin also had the greatest public-supply, irrigation, industrial, mining, and thermoelectric withdrawals of any subbasin in the Tennessee River watershed within Alabama. Total water availability for the Tennessee River watershed within Alabama was estimated to be 34,567 Mgal/d by the Geological Survey of Alabama. Net water demand for the watershed was calculated by subtracting the Tennessee Valley Authority estimates of return flow from water withdrawals. The net water demand was 136 Mgal/d, which is less than 1 percent of the estimated water available.

Gill, Amy C.; Harper, Michael J.; Littlepage, Thomas M.

2013-01-01

359

SOCIAL IMPACTS OF HURRICANE KATRINA ON DISPLACED K–12 STUDENTS AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN COASTAL ALABAMA COUNTIES: SOME PRELIMINARY OBSERVATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hurricane Katrina devastated communities along the Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama Gulf coast. Over 300,000 students were displaced and evacuees relocated throughout the United States. K–12 schools in Mobile and Baldwin counties, situated along coastal Alabama, hosted 3,681 students from the devastated areas. From an analysis of quantitative data and qualitative information obtained from school personnel, we summarize problems and issues

J. Steven Picou; Brent K. Marshall

2007-01-01

360

Population Size and Relative Abundance of Adult Alabama Shad Reaching Jim Woodruff Lock and Dam, Apalachicola River, Florida  

Microsoft Academic Search

We estimated the population size of migrating Alabama shad Alosa alabamae below Jim Woodruff Lock and Dam in the Apalachicola River (located in the central panhandle of northwestern Florida) using mark–recapture and relative abundance techniques. After adjustment for tag loss, emigration, and mortality, the population size was estimated as 25,935 (95% confidence interval, 17,715–39,535) in 2005, 2,767 (838–5,031) in 2006,

Patrick C. Ely; Shawn P. Young; J. Jeffery Isely

2008-01-01

361

The social functions of correctional policy: A case study of the Alabama convict lease system 1845–1928  

Microsoft Academic Search

Private sector involvement in corrections is a controversial contemporary practice. This paper examines, from a historical\\u000a perspective, one state’s experiment with leasing state sentenced convicts to private contractors for use on a variety of for\\u000a profit labor projects. The convict lease system in Alabama was noteworthy for two reasons: first, Alabama relied on the lease\\u000a system of convict labor longer

Bernard J. McCarthy

1985-01-01

362

Population size and relative abundance of adult Alabama shad reaching jim woodruff lock and dam, Apalachicola River, Florida  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We estimated the population size of migrating Alabama shad Alosa alabamae below Jim Woodruff Lock and Dam in the Apalachicola River (located in the central panhandle of northwestern Florida) using mark-recapture and relative abundance techniques. After adjustment for tag loss, emigration, and mortality, the population size was estimated as 25,935 (95% confidence interval, 17,715-39,535) in 2005, 2,767 (838-5,031) in 2006, and 8,511 (5,211-14,674) in 2007. The cumulative catch rate from boat electrofishing averaged 20.47 Alabama shad per hour in 2005, 6.10 per hour in 2006, and 13.17 per hour in 2007. The relationship between population size (N) and electrofishing catch per unit effort (CPUE) was modeled by the equation N = -9008.2 + (electrofishing CPUE X 1616.4). Additionally, in 2007 the hook-and-line catch rate averaged 1.94 Alabama shad per rod hour. A predictive model relating the population size and hook-and-line CPUE of spawning American shad A. sapidissima was applied to Alabama shad hook-and-line CPUE and produced satisfactory results. Recent spawning populations of Alabama shad in the Apalachicola River are low relative to American shad populations in other southeastern U.S. rivers. ?? Copyright by the American Fisheries Society 2008.

Ely, P. C.; Young, S. P.; Isely, J. J.

2008-01-01

363

Water and related problems in coal-mine areas of Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Water-resource problems or potential problems in Alabama resulting from surface and subsurface coal mining include erosion and sedimentation, flooding, diversion of drainage, decline in water level, land subsidence, and the degradation of water quality. The degradation of water quality is the most serious and widespread coal-mine related problem in Alabama. The chemical quality of water in numerous streams draining coal-mine areas has been altered drastically. The pH of water draining from mined areas commonly ranges from 2.1 to 5.0, generally has high sulfate and dissolved solids concentrations, is hard to very hard, and may contain objectionable amounts of iron. The detrimental quality of water in some streams may persist for decades after mining has ceased. Without proper safeguards, additional mining may cause a significant deterioration in the quality of water in major streams where the more mineralized mine waters are now diluted. (Woodard-USGS)

Knight, Alfred L.; Newton, John G.

1977-01-01

364

The Alabama Drug Discovery Alliance: a collaborative partnership to facilitate academic drug discovery.  

PubMed

The Alabama Drug Discovery Alliance is a collaboration between the University of Alabama at Birmingham and Southern Research Institute that aims to support the discovery and development of therapeutic molecules that address an unmet medical need. The alliance builds on the expertise present at both institutions and has the dedicated commitment of their respective technology transfer and intellectual property offices to guide any commercial opportunities that may arise from the supported efforts. Although most projects involve high throughput screening, projects at any stage in the drug discovery and development pathway are eligible for support. Irrespective of the target and stage of any project, well-functioning interdisciplinary teams are crucial to a project's progress. These teams consist of investigators with a wide variety of expertise from both institutions to contribute to the program's success. PMID:21448756

Everts, Maaike; Knight, W Blaine; Harris, David R; Secrist, John A; Whitley, Richard J

2011-03-30

365

Status of Alabama shad and skipjack herring in Gulf of Mexico drainages  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Gulf of Mexico drainages are inhabited by two alosine species, the anadromous Alabama shad Alosa alabamae and the skipjack herring A. chrysochloris. Although their distributions are reasonably well documented, the life history and ecology of both species has been incompletely investigated. Infrequent literature references suggest populations of both species have been adversely affected by river management activities throughout parts of their ranges. This purpose of this paper is to summarize available information concerning past and present distributions, population characteristics, spawning and fecundity, age and growth, and population trends of both species as well as threats to the species. Areas of research are suggested to maintain and possibly recover existing populations. ?? 2003 by the American Fisheries Society.

Mettee, M. F.; O'Neil, P. E.

2003-01-01

366

Elevated blood lead levels associated with illicitly distilled alcohol--Alabama, 1990-1991.  

PubMed

The use of automobile radiators containing lead-soldered parts in the illicit distillation of alcohol (i.e., "moonshine") is an important source of lead poisoning among persons in some rural Alabama counties. From March 5 through October 26, 1991, eight persons were diagnosed with elevated blood lead levels (BLLs) at a local hospital and were reported to the notifiable disease surveillance system maintained by the Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH). None of these patients had known histories of occupational or other potential sources of lead exposure, but all reported recent histories of moonshine ingestion. This report summarizes the results of an investigation of these cases conducted by the ADPH during December 1991. PMID:1565093

1992-05-01

367

Detection of alcohol use in the second trimester among low-income pregnant women in the prenatal care settings in Jefferson County, Alabama  

PubMed Central

Background Prenatal alcohol use, a leading preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities, remains a prevalent public health concern in the United States. This study aims to detect the proportion and correlates of prenatal alcohol use in the prenatal care settings in Alabama. Prenatal care settings were chosen because of their potential as stable locations to screen for and to reduce prenatal alcohol use within a community. Methods We conducted a cross-sectional study of 3,046 women in the 22 and 23 weeks of gestation who sought prenatal care in eight community-based public clinics and participated in the Perinatal Emphasis Research Center project in Jefferson County, Alabama, in 1997–2001. Frequency and quantity of alcohol use in the past 3 months were assessed by research nurses during face-to-face interviews. We conducted logistic regression analyses to calculate adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of correlates of prenatal alcohol use. Results Participants were predominantly young, African American, and unmarried, 86.5% on Medicaid. The proportion of alcohol use in the second trimester of pregnancy was 5.1%; 0.3% of women reported 4 or more drinks on a drinking day to research nurses. Older maternal age (OR=1.11; 95% CI=1.08–1.15), use of welfare (OR=1.43; 95% CI=1.02–2.02), and male partner–perpetrated violence (OR=2.96; 95% CI=1.92–4.56) were positively associated with elevated risk of prenatal alcohol use. Protective factors included higher levels of self-esteem (OR=0.94; 95% CI=0.89–0.98) and more years of education (OR=0.88; 95% CI=0.78–0.98). Conclusions Prenatal alcohol use remains a public health issue among low-income pregnant women in Jefferson County, Alabama. Research nurses detected it in the second trimester. Future studies need to encourage screening for prenatal alcohol use in the prenatal care settings by obstetrician-gynecologists, family physicians, nurses, and midwifes. Combined interventions to educate and empower women and strengthen families are needed.

Li, Qing; Hankin, Janet; Wilsnack, Sharon C.; Abel, Ernest; Kirby, Russell S.; Keith, Louis G.; Obican, Sarah

2012-01-01

368

History of coal-bed methane production in Warrior basin of Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coal-bed methane has been produced in the Warrior basin of Alabama since the late 1970s. Through December 1988, more than 1,000 wells have been permitted and total gas production has exceeded 70 bcf. Production is restricted to the coal groups that occur in the Pottsville Formation of Pennsylvanian age. Producing horizons currently range in depth from 450 to 3,200 ft.

L. K. Lottman; P. G. Malone; B. S. Camp

1989-01-01

369

The Relation of Largemouth Bass Virus to Largemouth Bass Population Metrics in Five Alabama Reservoirs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between the early to mid-1990s and 1998–2000, angler and electrofishing catch rates of memorable-size (?2.27-kg or 51-cm) largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides declined 3–20-fold in five Alabama reservoirs. Largemouth bass virus (LMBV) has been implicated in widespread fish kills of this species, and we documented the prevalence of LMBV and attempted to quantify the impact of LMBV on growth, body condition,

Michael J. Maceina; John M. Grizzle

2006-01-01

370

Developing GIS-based eastern equine encephalitis vector-host models in Tuskegee, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A site near Tuskegee, Alabama was examined for vector-host activities of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus (EEEV). Land cover maps of the study site were created in ArcInfo 9.2® from QuickBird data encompassing visible and near-infrared (NIR) band information (0.45 to 0.72 ?m) acquired July 15, 2008. Georeferenced mosquito and bird sampling sites, and their associated land cover attributes from

Benjamin G Jacob; Nathan D Burkett-Cadena; Jeffrey C Luvall; Sarah H Parcak; Christopher JW McClure; Laura K Estep; Geoffrey E Hill; Eddie W Cupp; Robert J Novak; Thomas R Unnasch

2010-01-01

371

Chemical quality of bottled waters from three cities in eastern Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-five brands of bottled waters consisting of both purified and spring types collected randomly from three Alabama cities, USA were assessed for their suitability for human consumption. Water quality constituents analyzed include pH, conductivity, alkalinity, chloride, nitrate+nitrite, sulfate, phosphate, total carbon (TC), inorganic carbon (IC), total organic carbon (TOC), and 27 elements on the inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES).

Abua Ikem; Seyi Odueyungbo; Nosa O. Egiebor; Kafui Nyavor

2002-01-01

372

Nutrient Mass Balance for the Mobile River Basin in Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi  

Microsoft Academic Search

The source and fate of nutrients in the Mobile River drainage basin are important water-quality concerns in Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi. Land cover in the basin is 74 percent forested, 16 percent agricultural, 2.5 percent developed, and 4 percent wetland. A nutrient mass balance calculated for 18 watersheds in the Mobile River Basin indicates that agricultural non-point nitrogen and phosphorus

D. A. Harned; J. S. Harvill; G. McMahon

2001-01-01

373

Factors Associated with Perceived Susceptibility to Cervical Cancer Among Latina Immigrants in Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

To examine factors associated with perceived susceptibility to cervical cancer among Latina immigrants in two counties in\\u000a Alabama. Datasets from two anonymous cross-sectional surveys from two studies were combined for these analyses. The total\\u000a sample size was 743 women. Participants’ average age was 30 ± 6.8 years and they were mainly from Mexico (89.2%). Almost 36%\\u000a of the participants did not perceive themselves

Isabel C. Garces-PalacioIsabel; Isabel C. Scarinci

374

Effects of section 404 permitting on freshwater wetlands in Louisiana, Alabama, and Mississippi  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information was complied on permits issued under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act for alteration of freshwater wetlands\\u000a from January 1982-August 1987 in Louisiana, Alabama, and Mississippi. The location, area, wetland type, and other data describing\\u000a the impacted and compensatory (i.e., created, restored, and preserved) wetlands were compiled and analyzed. Trends in Louisiana,\\u000a the state with the most permits

Jean C. Sifneos; Edwin W. Cake; Mary E. Kentula

1992-01-01

375

Model for isopaching Jurassic-age Norphlet Formation in Mobile Bay, Alabama area  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deep gas was discovered in the Norphlet Sandstone of Mobile Bay Alabama in 1979. Sixteen wells, of which Exxon Company, U.S.A. has had an interest in eight, have tested gas from depths greater than 20,000 ft and at an average rate of 19 million ftâ of gas per day. The dominant structural features in Mobile Bay are large east-west-trending salt-supported

1989-01-01

376

Natural Hybridization between Black Crappie and White Crappie in Weiss Lake, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starch-gel electrophoretic analysis of 1,081 crappies collected from October 1990 through November 1991 revealed that black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus and white crappie P. annularis were hybridizing in Weiss Lake, Alabama. Crappie hybrids made up 22% of the population and were found in the 1988 to 1991 year-classes. First-generation (F1) hybrids were seven times more abundant than second-generation and higher (Fx)

Stephen M. Smith; Michael J. Maceina; Rex A. Dunham

1994-01-01

377

Seasonal Occurrence of Key Arthropod Pests and Associated Natural Enemies in Alabama Satsuma Citrus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Six Alabama Satsuma mandarin orchards (four conventionally sprayed and two unsprayed) were surveyed during 2005 and 2006 to determine the population dynamics of arthropod pests and their natural enemies. Twenty-eight arthropod pest species were encoun- tered; the major foliage pests were citrus whiteßy, Dialeurodes citri (Ashmead); purple scale, Lepidosaphesbeckii (Newman); Glover scale,L.gloveri (Packard); and citrus red mite,Panonychus citri (McGregor). Two

Henry Y. Fadamiro; Yingfang Xiao; Terry Hargroder; Monte Nesbitt; Vincent Umeh; Carl C. Childers

2008-01-01

378

Reservoir heterogeneity in Carter Sandstone, North Blowhorn Creek oil unit and vicinity, Black Warrior Basin, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This report presents accomplishments made in completing Task 3 of this project which involves development of criteria for recognizing reservoir heterogeneity in the Black Warrior basin. The report focuses on characterization of the Upper Mississippian Carter sandstone reservoir in North Blowhorn Creek and adjacent oil units in Lamar County, Alabama. This oil unit has produced more than 60 percent of total oil extracted from the Black Warrior basin of Alabama. The Carter sandstone in North Blowhorn Creek oil unit is typical of the most productive Carter oil reservoirs in the Black Warrior basin of Alabama. The first part of the report synthesizes data derived from geophysical well logs and cores from North Blowhorn Creek oil unit to develop a depositional model for the Carter sandstone reservoir. The second part of the report describes the detrital and diagenetic character of Carter sandstone utilizing data from petrographic and scanning electron microscopes and the electron microprobe. The third part synthesizes porosity and pore-throat-size-distribution data determined by high-pressure mercury porosimetry and commercial core analyses with results of the sedimentologic and petrographic studies. The final section of the report discusses reservoir heterogeneity within the context of the five-fold classification of Moore and Kugler (1990).

Kugler, R.L.; Pashin, J.C.

1992-05-01

379

Development of a predictive model for porosity distribution in the Smackover formation of southwest Alabama. Research report (final), 1983-1984  

SciTech Connect

This study is an attempt to identify porosity types in the Smackover of southwest Alabama; to determine the distribution of the various porosity types; to define the mechanisms responsible for porosity evolution; and to develop a model useful in predicting porosity distribution in the Smackover in southwest Alabama. This porosity would be a tremendous aid both to the exploration geologist seeking new reserves in southwest Alabama.

Benson, J.

1984-11-15

380

Environmental control technology survey of selected US strip mining sites. Volume 2B. Alabama. Water quality impacts and overburden chemistry of Alabama study site  

SciTech Connect

As part of a program to examine the ability of existing control technologies to meet federal guidelines for the quality of aqueous effluents from coal mines, an intensive study of water, coal, and overburden chemistry was conducted at a surface coal mine in Alabama from May 1976 through July 1977. Sampling sites included the pit sump, a stream downgrade from the mine, the discharge from the water treatment facility, and a small stream outside the mine drainage. Water samples were collected every two weeks by Argonne subcontractors at the Alabama Geological Survey and analysed for the following parameters: specific conductance, pH, temperature, acidity, bicarbonate, carbonate, chloride, total dissolved solids, suspended solids, sulfate, and 20 metals. Analysis of the coal and overburden shows that no potential acid problem exists at this mine. Water quality is good in both streams sampled, and high levels of dissolved elements are found only in water collected from the pit sump. The mine effluent is in compliance with Office of Surface Mining water quality standards.

Henricks, J D; Bogner, J E; Olsen, R D; Schubert, J P; Sobek, A A; Johnson, D O

1980-05-01

381

Skills Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The services of the Living Skills Center for the Visually Handicapped, a habilitative service for blind young adults, are described. It is explained that the Center houses its participants in their own apartments in a large complex and has served over 70 young people in 4 years. The evaluation section describes such assessment instruments as an…

Canter, Patricia; And Others

382

Hurricane Frederic tidal floods of September 12-13, 1979, along the Gulf Coast, Heron Bay, Little Dauphin Island, Fort Morgan, and Fort Morgan NW quadrangles, Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Shown on a topographic map are floodmark elevations and approximate areas flooded by Hurricane Frederic tides of September 12-13, 1979, along the southeastern tip of Mobile County, including Dauphin Island, Alabama. Nearly all the mainland area shown on the map was inundated by the tidal surge. The Dauphin Island Parkway Bridge (Alabama State Highway 163) was almost totally demolished. Storm-tide frequency and records of annual maximum tides at Mobile, Alabama, since 1772, are presented. Offshore winds reached about 160 miles per hour. A wind-velocity of about 145 miles per hour was recorded near Dauphin Island, Alabama. (USGS)

Bohman, Larry R.; Scott, John C.

1980-01-01

383

Nanotechnology Center for Learning and Teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Nanotechnology Center for Learning and Teaching (NCLT) was conceived "to serve students, teachers, faculty, researchers, parents and professionals who are engaged in the learning, teaching, research & development of nanotechnology." On NCLT's well-designed homepage, visitors can take advantage of sections that include Higher Education, K-12 Teachers, and Events. In the Higher Education area, visitors can look through lesson plans, research posters, and seminars that deal with various aspects of nanotechnology research and development. The online lessons here are quite good and include subjects such as "Nanopatterning: The science of making things small from the top-down" and "Optical Tweezers." Visitors shouldn't miss the Featured News area which includes updates from the world of nanotechnology from the U.S. Army, Alabama A&M University, and other organizations. Finally, visitors can use the Community area to find out about resources developed by other partner institutions.

2012-07-13

384

Installation restoration program: UST removal report. 117th Refueling Wing, Alabama Air National Guard, Birmingham Airport, Birmingham, Alabama and 226th Combat Information Systems Group, Martin Air National Guard Station, Gadsden Airport, Gadsden, Alabama. Volume I. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Installation Restoration Program was initiated by the Air National Guard (ANG) to evaluate potential contamination to the environment caused by past practices at its installations. During the 1987 Preliminary Assessment (PA), ten abandoned underground storage tanks (USTs) were identified at nine sites. During the 1991 Site Investigation, surveys found four USTs at four sites and none at the other sites. The UST at Gadsden was removed in November 1989. Three USTs were removed at Birmingham in January 1991. Remaining soil was below Alabama Department of Environmental Management`s (ADEM) corrective action limit of 100 ppm total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) for the Gadsden UST and UST 380 at Birmingham. For USTs 120 and 130 at Birmingham, remaining soil was above ADEM`s corrective action limit, but believed to be limited to soils immediately adjacent to the tank pits. The report recommends no further action be taken at any of the UST sites.

NONE

1997-01-01

385

Installation restoration program: UST removal report. 117th Refueling Wing, Alabama Air National Guard, Birmingham Airport, Birmingham, Alabama and 226th Combat Information Systems Group, Martin Air National Guard Station, Gadsden Airport, Gadsden, Alabama. Volume II. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Installation Restoration Program was initiated by the Air National Guard (ANG) to evaluate potential contamination to the environment caused by past practices at its installations. During the 1987 Preliminary Assessment (PA), ten abandoned underground storage tanks (USTs) were identified at nine sites. During the 1991 Site Investigation, surveys found four USTs at four sites and none at the other sites. The UST at Gadsden was removed in November 1989. Three USTs were removed at Birmingham in January 1991. Remaining soil was below Alabama Department of Environmental Management`s (ADEM) corrective action limit of 100 ppm total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) for the Gadsden UST and UST 380 at Birmingham. For USTs 120 and 130 at Birmingham, remaining soil was above ADEM`s corrective action limit, but believed to be limited to soils immediately adjacent to the tank pits. The report recommends no further action be taken at any of the UST sites.

NONE

1997-01-01

386

Cancer Centers Program - Cancer Centers List  

Cancer.gov

Cancer Centers Program - Cancer Centers List Map of Cancer Centers Data Tables Benchmark Home > Cancer Centers > Region Map Cancer Centers List View By: Name | State | State Map | Region Map Click on geographical region

387

Senior Centers  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... of games. [Narrator] Many senior centers also offer exercise programs. [Karen Albers] We offer aerobics, tai chi, ... chi, tap dancing, ballroom dancing, square dancing, chair exercise, arthritis classes, yoga, and lots of dancing. [Narrator] ...

388

Methodology for hydrologic evaluation of a potential surface mine: Loblolly branch basin, Tuscaloosa County, Alabama. Water-resources investigations (final) 1975-81. [Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Methodology for evaluation of premining hydrology and postmining effects and reclamation on the hydrology of an area is presented for a potential mine site in northwestern Alabama. Estimation techniques and extrapolation are used to develop data for reconstructed topography, soil-water relations, peak flows, flow volumes, soil losses, and sediment yields. Streamflow response of the basin is described by the variable-source-area concept; nearly all water flows through coarse-textured soils and unconsolidated sand and gravel deposits that are underlain by an impermeable clay zone. The resultant peak discharges are small to moderate, and there is very little erosion of slopes or channels. Susceptibility of the soils to compaction by heavy machines and the effects of compaction on soil-water relations are demonstrated.

Shown, L.M.; Frickel, D.G.; Miller, R.F.; Branson, F.A.

1982-09-01

389

The Effect of Water Salinity, Temperature and Dissolved Oxygen on Shrimp Production off Alabama and Mississippi—an Argument for Whole Fishery Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on a previously established relationship, the level of shrimp caught in Alabama waters is regressed against environmental measurements collected by the Marine Resources Division of the Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Results indicated that approximately 40 percent of the variability in landings could be linked to water quality measurements within the estuaries. Those in Upper Mobile Bay

Joy L. Clark; H. Dean Moberly

1995-01-01

390

Identification, virulence, and mass spectrometry of toxic ECP fractions of West Alabama isolates of Aeromonas hydrophila obtained from a 2010 disease outbreak  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In West Alabama, disease outbreaks in 2009 caused by Aeromonas hydrophila have led to an estimated loss of more than $3 million. In 2010, disease outbreak occurred again in West Alabama, causing losses of hundreds of thousands of pounds of market size channel catfish. During the 2010 disease outbrea...

391

Technical report series: North Alabama water quality assessment: Volume 2, Evaluation of existing data on point source discharges to surface waters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Existing data on 80 point source discharges to surface waters in the tricounty area surrounding Muscle Shoals, Alabama (Colbert, Lauderdale, and Lawrence Counties) was compiled, summarized, and evaluated. Most of the data used in this evaluation was obtained from the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) files of the Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM). Additional data was obtained from

Mulkey

1986-01-01

392

Meeting the Goal of 100% Literacy: The Planning, Implementation, and Progress of the Alabama Reading Initiative at High School Literacy Demonstration Sites  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy is a nationwide concern. Although the national spotlight and numerous studies have focused on early literacy, the needs of adolescent readers have just come to the forefront. The Alabama State Department of Education responded to this nationwide concern for K-12 literacy by planning and implementing the Alabama Reading Initiative (ARI).…

Norman, Mary Elizabeth

2011-01-01

393

Home area geology and Alabama earth science teachers: A resource to improve the understanding and use of the state's rocks to supplement textbook concepts in earth history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent studies have suggested that teachers of earth science in Alabama secondary schools are undertrained in the content areas of the subject. A survey of academic training and certification of active earth science teachers (Hall, 1985) was replicated as part of a study of the current inservice needs of Alabama earth science teachers (Logue & Lacefield, 1995). Only one-third of

James Anderson Lacefield

1998-01-01

394

Marl-limestone bedding and sea level change, Upper Cretaceous of Alabama coastal plain  

SciTech Connect

Primary Upper Cretaceous marl-limestone sequences in Alabama are superficially similar to sequences interpreted as orbitally forced (Milankovitch) cycles with apparent 100,000 yr periodicity. However, key petrographic and stratigraphic observations cast doubt on a Milankovitch interpretation of the Alabama sequences. These observations include (1) varying thickness from less than 1 m to several meters within marl-limestone sequences, (2) fining upward among the coarse clastic grain sizes within each marl-limestone sequence, and (3) switching the primary mode of biochemical deposition between the marl and limestone beds (e.g., the limestone bed in each marl-limestone sequence contains abundant benthic algal grains (over 50%), whereas the marl contains only pelagic nannofossils). Periodicity is not supported by observed thickness variations and the other petrographic and stratigraphic observations previously noted are inconsistent with cyclic (Milankovitch) productivity/dilution genesis of bedding. In Alabama, marl-limestone sequences and correlative coeval prograding clastic barrier-shoreline facies comprise the upper 20 m of a highstand systems tract within the lower Campanian Mooreville-Demopolis depositional sequence. A sequence-bounding (type 2) stratigraphic break, which has been biostratigraphically correlated with the global sea level drop at 80 Ma occurs at the top of the 20 m marl-limestone interval. Tectonic effects related to the early stages of the Laramide orogeny (about 80 Ma) affected short-term relative sea level thus producing the marlstone sequences. In this hypothesis, the marl-limestone sequences reflect either short-term buildup and relaxation of intraplate stresses or short-term eustatic changes that resulted from slight variations in Farallon spreading rates.

King, D.T. Jr. (Auburn Univ., AL (USA))

1990-05-01

395

Ectoparasitic mites (Acari) of sympatric Brazilian free-tailed bats and big brown bats in Alabama.  

PubMed

Seven species of mites were recovered from 133 Brazilian free-tailed bats, Tadarida brasiliensis, and 94 big brown bats, Eptesicus fuscus, from February through November 1990 in colonies that shared roosting space in east-central Alabama. The macronyssid Chiroptonyssus robustipes (Ewing) was the most common mite on T. brasiliensis (964 mites, 87% of bats infested) and on E. fuscus (109 mites, 29% of bats infested). However, C. rubustipes normally is a specific parasite of T. brasiliensis. The macronyssids Steatonyssus ceratognathus (Ewing) and S. occidentalis (Ewing) were recovered from both species of bats in low numbers. S. ceratognathus is not a typical parasite of either species of bat, but S. occidentalis normally is specific to E. fuscus. Predictably, S. occidentalis was most frequently collected from E. fuscus (16 mites, 9% of bats infested), but two specimens were recovered from T. brasiliensis. Five specimens of the laelapid Androlaelaps casalis (Berlese) (a mite that is frequently associated with rodents) and one specimen of the myobiid mite Ewingana (Doreyana) longa (Ewing) (a specific ectoparasite of T. brasiliensis) were also recovered from T. brasiliensis. Singletons of the rosensteiniids Mydopholeus sp. and Nycteriglyphites pennsylvanicus Fain, Lukoschus & Whitaker were the only additional mites collected from E. fuscus; both of these mites have previously been collected from bats or their guano but are recorded here from Alabama for the first time. With respect to ectoparasite cross-infestations, E. fuscus appears to be at greater risk from sharing roots with T. brasiliensis. This is highlighted by the comparatively large numbers of C. robustipes that occurred on E. fuscus and the low numbers of S. occidentalis on T. brasiliensis. Although mites were the only arthropods recovered from bats in this study, a separate survey in 1991 revealed that the bat bug Cimex adjunctus Barber infested some other colonies of T. brasiliensis and E. fuscus in Alabama. PMID:1625301

Durden, L A; Best, T L; Wilson, N; Hilton, C D

1992-05-01

396

Microbial uropathogens and their antibiotic resistance profile from hospitalized patients in Central Alabama.  

PubMed

Urinary tract infections remain a common problem in inpatient care. They are highly challenging to provide effective initial therapy without sensitivity data. The purpose of this study was to survey the uropathogens and their sensitivity profile at a hospital in Central Alabama and to guide experiential antibiotic selection. This was the first reported study on bacterial uropathogens and their antibiotic resistance profile at this Central Alabama hospital. The survey period was between July 2009 and June 2010, a total of 473 urine cultures were reviewed and susceptibility testing was determined using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) microdilution method. The results indicated that Escherichia coli (45.5%) was the most common organism, followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (18.2%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (10.1%), Proteus mirabilis (7.8%), Enterobacter cloacae (4.2%), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (3.0%), Klebsiella oxytoca and Citrobacter freundii (1.5%), Morganella morganii (1.3%), and the other species (7.0%). For the 215 E. coli isolates, imipenem and cephalosporins (except for cefazolin) had the highest sensitivity (99-100%, P < 0.05). In contrast, ampicillin had the highest resistance (57%, P < 0.05) as compared to other antibiotics (about 30%) including ampicillin/ sulbactam, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, tetracycline, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. The major finding of this study was that ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole had comparable sensitivity patterns for Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, and Enterobacter cloacae, the most common uropathogens at this Central Alabama hospital. Additionally, this study found that E. coli had a resistant rate of 31% to ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin compared to the resistance rate of 28.4% and 15.8% in earlier reports (Lee et al. 2010; Rattanaumpawan et al. 2010), likely indicating the continuing evolution of resistance due to antibiotic exposure. It is imperative to monitor the resistance of P. aeruginosa considering their high resistance to imipenem found in this study. PMID:23330509

Qian, Li; Camara, Tracy; Taylor, J Kyle; Jones, Kathy W

2012-01-01

397

Paleoenvironmental analysis of the lower Oligocene Mint Spring and Marianna Formations across Mississippi and southwestern Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Examination of calcareous nannoplankton floras from the Mint Spring Formation and the Marianna Limestone indicates that these formations are diachronous along their outcrop belt in Mississippi and southwest Alabama. In east-central Mississippi and Alabama, these strata correlate to the Ericsonia subdisticha Zone (NP21), while in west-central Mississippi they contain nannofossils of the younger Helicopontosphaera reticulata Zone (NP22). Quantitative species abundance data for samples from 12 outcrops were subjected to R-mode and Q-mode factor analysis, and to discriminant analysis. These multivariate techniques reveal that the Mint Spring Formation was deposited in a shallow-water, nearshore inner-shelf environment, while normal pelagic sedimentation resulted in the Marianna Limestone being deposited as a carbonate shelf across east-central Mississippi and southwest Alabama. In west-central Mississippi, these strata were less affected by the transgression of northern Gulf waters in the early Oligocene, as indicated by higher abundances of shallow-water species within these formations. Based on discriminant analysis, the Mint Spring Formation and the Marianna Limestone reflect similar paleoenvironments in western Mississippi, with the uppermost Mint Spring samples near the formational contact containing nannofossil species assemblages that are indistinguishable from the nannofossil assemblages from the lowermost Marianna samples immediately above the contact. Both these units were deposited during the first half of sea-level cycle TA4.4, and based on relatively constant species abundances throughout the extent of both formations, the Mint Spring Formation and the Marianna Limestone appear to have been deposited as part of a single continuous transgression.

Pettway, W.C.; Dunn, D.A. (Univ. of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg (USA))

1990-09-01

398

Microbial community analysis of an Alabama coastal salt marsh impacted by the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microbial community responses of an Alabama coastal salt marsh environment to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill were studied by 16S rRNA (PhyloChip) and functional gene (GeoChip) microarray-based analysis. Oil and tar balls associated with the oil spill arrived along the Alabama coast in June 2010. Marsh and inlet sediment samples collected in June, July, and September 2010 from a salt marsh ecosystem at Point Aux Pines Alabama were analyzed to determine if bacterial community structure changed as a result of oil perturbation. Sediment total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) concentrations ranged from below detection to 189 mg kg-1 and were randomly dispersed throughout the salt marsh sediments. Total DNA extracted from sediment and particulates were used for PhyloChip and GeoChip hybridization. A total of 4000 to 8000 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were detected in marsh and inlet samples. Distinctive changes in the number of detectable OTUs were observed between June, July, and September 2010. Surficial inlet sediments demonstrated a significant increase in the total number of OTUs between June and September that correlated with TPH concentrations. The most significant increases in bacterial abundance were observed in the phyla Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Gemmatimonadetes, Proteobacteria, and Verrucomicrobia. Bacterial richness in marsh sediments also correlated with TPH concentrations with significant changes primarily in Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Fusobacteria, Nitrospirae, and Proteobacteria. GeoChip microarray analysis detected 5000 to 8300 functional genes in marsh and inlet samples. Surficial inlet sediments demonstrated distinctive increases in the number of detectable genes and gene signal intensities in July samples compared to June. Signal intensities increased (> 1.5-fold) in genes associated with petroleum degradation. Genes related to metal resistance, stress, and carbon cycling also demonstrated increases in oiled sediments. This study demonstrates the value of applying phylogenetic and functional gene microarray technology to characterize the extensive microbial diversity of marsh environments. Moreover, this technology provides significant insight into bacterial community responses to anthropogenic oil events.

Beazley, M. J.; Martinez, R.; Rajan, S.; Powell, J.; Piceno, Y.; Tom, L.; Andersen, G. L.; Hazen, T. C.; Van Nostrand, J. D.; Zhou, J.; Mortazavi, B.; Sobecky, P. A.

2011-12-01

399

Characterization and geochemistry of Devonian oil shale North Alabama - South Central Tennessee  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Based on the physical and chemical data obtained to date, the Devonian oil shale rock of north Alabama and south-central Tennessee appears to offer an attractive potential for future resource development. The shale rock appears to have formed in a restrictive marine environment which provided opportunity for the accumulation of marine organic matter to form sufficient kerogen. The shale contains approximately 18% to 22% organic matter which is primarily kerogen. The kerogen has a relatively high H:C ratio indicative of an alginite and/or exinite source (Type 1 and Type II kerogen) and a high proportion of alkane and saturated ring hydrocarbons. However, a few samples have low H:C ratio values and are interpreted to have been formed in a shallow water oxidizing environment. Also, there is a possibility that these low H:C values may represent mixtures of terrestrial and marine organic material suggesting lateral facies changes of the rock from marine to near shore depositional environments. Trace metal values for both the whole rock and the shale oil fraction indicate a generally high V:Ni ratio, also indicative of a marine environment. Other trace metal values are in good agreement with data from other Devonian shales. Throughout the north Alabama and south-central Tennessee study area, the average oil yield from the shale is 13.9 gallon per ton. The highest oil yield values were obtained from the middle and upper parts of the shale sequence. Based on the crude oil composition diagram (11), the Alabama-Tennessee shale oil is classified as a aromatic-intermediate oil Estimated reserves of inplace shale oil resources in the principal study area, under less than 200 feet of overburden, exceeds 12.5 billion barrels.

Rheams, K. F.; Neathery, T. L.

1984-01-01

400

Regional biostratigraphy and paleoenvironmental history of Miocene of onshore and offshore Alabama  

SciTech Connect

Subsurface Miocene sediments of coastal Alabama and the adjoining state and federal waters consist of a clastic wedge varying in thickness from less than 1,000 ft in southern Alabama to a maximum of about 6,000 ft in the northeastern portion of the Main Pass area. Relatively deep-water and open-marine transgressive basal Miocene clays and shales unconformably overlie a gently southwestward-dipping late Oligocene-earliest Miocene carbonate platform. Middle and late Miocene sediments consist of a regressive offlapping sequence of sand and shale deposited in varying neritic paleoenvironments. Analysis of planktonic and benthonic foraminifera has resulted in a refined biostratigraphic zonation of these sediments, permitting the recognition of several regional time-equivalent datum levels, or biohorizons. These biohorizons are shown on a series of subsurface cross sections that show the dramatic southwestward thickening of middle and late Miocene sediments as well as illustrate the relationships of the producing intervals within the Cibicides carstensi and Discorbis 12 interval zones. The paleoenvironmental history of the Miocene has been reconstructed on a series of paleobathymetric maps drawn for selected regional biohorizons. Among other features, these maps have proven the existence and outlined the margins of previously unrecognized shallow-meritic deltaic sediments in southeastern Mobile County and in the Chandeleur and Viosca Knoll (north) areas. Analysis of sedimentation rates, which range from less than 25 to 1,370 ft/m.y., further aids in understanding the coastal shelf, deltaic, and open-marine depositional history of the Miocene of Alabama and the adjoining state and federal waters.

Smith, C.C. (Geological Survey of Alabama, Tuscaloosa (USA))

1989-09-01

401

Lightning Location Using Electric Field Change Meters  

Microsoft Academic Search

Briefly introduced last year, the Huntsville Alabama Field Change Array (HAFCA) is a collection of electric field change meters deployed in and around Huntsville. Armed with accurate GPS timing, the array is able to sample electric field changes due to lightning strokes simultaneously at several locations. For the first time, different components of the lightning flash can be located in

P. M. Bitzer; H. Christian; J. Burchfield

2010-01-01

402

Space for Mankind's Benefit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented are the proceedings of the first international Congress on "Space for Mankind's Benefit" organized by the Huntsville Association of Technical Societies and held November 15-19, 1971, at Huntsville, Alabama. Following introductory statements, a total of 45 articles read in 10 sessions are incorporated. The session headings are: Man in…

von Puttkamer, Jesco, Ed.; McCullough, Thomas J., Ed.

403

The Wilsonville Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development Facility, Wilsonville, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

This reports presents the operating results for Run 252 at the Advanced Coal Liquefaction R D Facility in Wilsonville, Alabama. This run operated in the Close-Coupled Integrated Two-Stage Liquefaction mode (CC-ITSL) using Illinois No. 6 bituminous coal. The primary run objective was demonstration of unit and system operability in the CC-ITSL mode with catalytic-catalytic reactors and with ash recycle. Run 252 began on 26 November 1986 and continued through 3 February 1987. During this period 214.4 MF tons of Illinois No. 6 coal were fed in 1250 hours of operation. 3 refs., 29 figs., 18 tabs.

Not Available

1990-05-01

404

Diagenesis of Upper Jurassic Norphlet Formation, Mobile and Baldwin Counties and offshore Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The Upper Jurassic Norphlet Formation is an important deep gas reservoir in Mobile and Baldwin Counties and offshore Alabama. The producing reservoir consists of a well-sorted fine-grained subarkose to arkose. Sedimentological studies indicate this unit was deposited on a broad desert plain in environments ranging from eolian dune and interdune to wadi and beach-shoreface. Diagenetic minerals comprise from 5 to 20% of the bulk volume of the sandstone. Porosity ranges from less than 3% to more than 25% and averages around 10%. Most of the porosity consists of hybrid solution-enlarged intergranular and intragranular pores resulting from the dissolution of cements, framework grains, and grain replacements.

Vaughan, R.L. Jr.; Benson, D.J.

1988-09-01

405

Gravity and Magnetic Modeling of Basement Rocks Beneath Alabama and the Gulf Coastal Plain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The southeastern United States has experienced two complete successions of Wilson cycles: (1) the assembly and break up of Rodinia and the opening of the Iapetus Ocean; and (2) the closing of Iapetus ocean, the assembly of the supercontinent Pangaea and its subsequent break up, and the opening of modern Atlantic Ocean. Evidence of these supercontinent cycles is recorded in the crust of Alabama and adjacent areas, but is covered by as much as 7 km of Coastal Plain sediments in the southern portion of the state. In this study, we use airborne gravity and magnetic data to develop crustal models along transects that cross major tectonic structures and the ancient North American (Laurentian) margin. Models derived from gravity and magnetic data are constrained by well-log information, geologic mapping, and nearby previous geophysical studies. Results show that a pronounced east-west trending gravity low observed in southern Alabama can be interpreted as the suture between relict Gondwanan crust and Peri-Gondwanan or Laurentian crust. The best-fit models suggest that the crust thickens from south to north, with a change in crustal thickness near the suture zone. Laurentian crust is characterized by northeast-southwest trending lineations in magnetic data that can be traced beneath the Coastal Plain until truncated by the tectonic suture with Gondwanan-affiliated crust. This truncation is marked by the Brunswick Magnetic Anomaly. The denser crystalline rocks of Piedmont and Valley and Ridge provinces in northern and central Alabama correspond to minor gravity highs. In southwestern Alabama, the crust of the Wiggins terrane appears to be a unique tectonic entity relative to other areas and shares similarities to the crust beneath the Mississippi Gulf coast. Sharp magnetic gradients and long-wavelength gravity gradients along faults such as the Towaliga fault, Alexander City fault, and Bartletts Ferry fault suggest these structures are major, crust-penetrating features. In the southeast, the gravity and magnetic data are consistent with the presence of Mesozoic rift basins and suggest the along-strike continuation of the South Georgia basin.

Wolf, L. W.; Bajgain, S. K.; Steltenpohl, M. G.

2011-12-01

406

Challenger Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Challenger Center uses students' natural enthusiasm for space to create innovative learning experiences for imaginative young minds." After learning about the Challenger 51-L crew, users can find information about visits to the Challenger Learning Center Networks' forty six sites located across the Unites States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. Within the Teacher and Community Resources link, users can find student activities, professional development opportunities, community programs, and special events. Teachers can learn about Space Day 2004 on May 6th, where young students can take a journey to uncharted galaxies.

2008-05-05

407

Nanobiotechnology Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in January 2000, the Nanobiotechnology Center (NBTC) is a consortium of several major universities that is headed by Cornell University. Despite being so new, the NBTC has already made many important advances in this area of research. This brochure starts with a good introduction to the principles and uses of nanobiotechnology, and then gives a brief synopsis of the center's work. Some of the research programs described in this document are Selective Molecular Filtration, Bioselective Surfaces, and Molecular Motors. The NBTC Web site has even more information, including research papers and educational materials. Lesson plans for grade school teachers are also provided to let students learn about this exciting science.

2000-01-01

408

Space Shuttle Main Engine plume diagnostics: OPAD approach to vehicle health monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The process of applying spectroscopy to the Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME) for plume diagnostics, as it exists today, originated at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, and its implementation was assured largely through the efforts of Sverdrup, AEDC, in Tullahoma, Tennessee. This process, Optical Plume Anomaly Detection (OPAD), has formed the basis for various efforts in the development of in-flight plume spectroscopy and in addition produced a viable test stand vehicle health monitor. The purpose of this paper will be to provide an introduction to the OPAD system by discussing the process of obtaining data as well as the methods of examining and interpreting the data.

Powers, W. T.; Cooper, A. E.; Wallace, T. L.; Buntine, W. L.; Whitaker, K.

409

40 CFR Table 1 to Subpart Fff of... - Municipal Waste Combustor Units (MWC Units) Excluded From Subpart FFF 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...250 tons per day of municipal solid waste at the following MWC sites:(a) Solid Waste Disposal Authority of the City of Huntsville, Alabama. Florida...250 tons per day of municipal solid waste. Georgia Existing...

2010-07-01

410

40 CFR Table 1 to Subpart Fff of... - Municipal Waste Combustor Units (MWC Units) Excluded From Subpart FFF 1  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...250 tons per day of municipal solid waste at the following MWC sites:(a) Solid Waste Disposal Authority of the City of Huntsville, Alabama. Florida...250 tons per day of municipal solid waste. Georgia Existing...

2009-07-01

411

WARNING LETTER February 26, 2007 Tom Young CEO ...  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... February 26, 2007 Tom Young CEO Qualitest Pharmaceuticals, Inc . 130 Vintage Drive NE Huntsville, Alabama 35811-8216 Dear Mr. Young: ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

412

Flame Deflector Section, Elevation, Water Supply Flow Diagram, Exploded ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Flame Deflector - Section, Elevation, Water Supply Flow Diagram, Exploded Deflector Manifolds, and Interior Perspective - Marshall Space Flight Center, F-1 Engine Static Test Stand, On Route 565 between Huntsville and Decatur , Huntsville, Madison County, AL

413

Floor Plans Fuel Tank Support, Fuel Platform, and LOX ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Floor Plans - Fuel Tank Support, Fuel Platform, and LOX Platform Plans - Marshall Space Flight Center, F-1 Engine Static Test Stand, On Route 565 between Huntsville and Decatur , Huntsville, Madison County, AL

414

Systems and Components Fuel Delivery System, Water Delivery System, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Systems and Components - Fuel Delivery System, Water Delivery System, Derrick Crane System, and Crane System Details - Marshall Space Flight Center, F-1 Engine Static Test Stand, On Route 565 between Huntsville and Decatur , Huntsville, Madison County, AL

415

Floor Plans Rolling Platform, Tech Systems Platform, and Load ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Floor Plans - Rolling Platform, Tech Systems Platform, and Load Platform Plans - Marshall Space Flight Center, F-1 Engine Static Test Stand, On Route 565 between Huntsville and Decatur , Huntsville, Madison County, AL

416

Mortality associated with Hurricane Katrina--Florida and Alabama, August-October 2005.  

PubMed

On August 25, 2005, Hurricane Katrina made landfall between Hallandale Beach and Aventura, Florida, as a Category 1 hurricane, with sustained winds of 80 mph. Storm effects, primarily rain, flooding, and high winds, were substantial; certain areas reported nearly 12 inches of rainfall. After crossing southern Florida and entering the Gulf of Mexico, the hurricane strengthened and made landfall in southeastern Louisiana on August 29 as a Category 3 hurricane, with sustained winds of 125 mph. Katrina was one of the strongest hurricanes to strike the United States during the past 100 years and was likely the nation's costliest natural disaster to date. This report summarizes findings and recommendations from a review of mortality records of Florida's Medical Examiners Commission (FMEC) and the Alabama Department of Forensic Science (ADFS). CDC was invited by the Florida Department of Health (FDOH) and the Alabama Department of Public Health (ADPH) to assess the mortality related to Hurricane Katrina. The mortality review was intended to provide county-based information that would be used to 1) define the impact of the hurricane, 2) describe the etiology of deaths, and 3) identify strategies to prevent or reduce future hurricane-related mortality. Combined, both agencies identified five, 23, and 10 deaths, respectively, that were directly, indirectly, or possibly related to Hurricane Katrina. Information from the characterization of these deaths will be used to reduce hurricane-related mortality through early community awareness of hurricane-related risk, prevention measures, and effective communication of a coordinated hurricane response plan. PMID:16528231

2006-03-10

417

Assessing American black bear habitat in the Mobile-Tensaw Delta of southwestern Alabama  

USGS Publications Warehouse

American black bears (Ursus americanus) have been extirpated from all but a few areas in southwestern Alabama, and the remaining habitat is being rapidly lost to development. Remnant bear populations exist near extensive (> 125,000 ha) bottomland hardwood forests in the Mobile-Tensaw Delta (MTD), but those bottomland areas are rarely used by bears. Reintroduction of black bears to the MTD may improve viability of the remaining bear populations in southwestern Alabama. To evaluate the suitability of this area for bears, we compared habitat conditions at the MTD with similar alluvial habitats at White River National Wildlife Refuge (White River NWR), where bears are numerous. We measured overstory, midstory, and understory vegetation in the MTD and on the North and South management units at White River NWR. We used principal components analysis and principal variable selection to identify 9 variables associated with 5 principal components (hard mast, soft mast, cavity tree availability, large tree availability, and total basal area) that best explained variation among study areas. Differences among the study areas were associated with hard mast, soft mast, and cavity tree availability (P ??? 0.001). Hard and soft mast production in the MTD was lower than at White River NWR, but we believe it was adequate. However, suitable den trees, which may be a critical habitat component given the duration and severity of winter flooding, appeared to be lacking in the MTD.

Hersey, K. R.; Edwards, A. S.; Clark, J. D.

2005-01-01

418

Exploring professional development experiences: Teachers' and facilitators' perceptions of Alabama Science in Motion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teachers are often disillusioned because most of the professional development that they receive is inadequate (Chappuis, Chappuis, & Stiggins, 2009; Borko, 2004). With that in mind, reform efforts have placed attentive measures on the classroom and the way teachers can improve their instructional practices. The purpose of this study was to explore biology and chemistry teachers' and facilitators' perceptions of the Alabama Science in Motion (ASIM) professional development experience. Furthermore, the researcher conducted this study to determine whether or not ASIM had an impact on teachers' classroom instruction. The results of this study were significant in that it allows for policy makers to analyze the effect that the ASIM experience has on reforming and restructuring science education. A mixed-method research design was utilized. Data was gathered from teachers and facilitators via survey and focus group interview responses. The population consisted of teachers who were trained with ASIM modules and facilitators who trained teachers in the area of biology and chemistry. A statistical data analysis was employed using the Pearson r correlation coefficient test (Pearson r). The results of this study revealed that effective professional development has an impact on teachers' classroom instruction. Teachers and facilitators believed that ASIM made them more effective as a teacher and contributed strongly to their students' understanding of biology and chemistry. Moreover, teachers and facilitators believed that the ASIM modules assisted them in the implementation of the standards on the Alabama Course of Study.

Burruss, Linda D.

419

Arthrophycus in the Silurian of Alabama (USA) and the problem of compound trace fossils  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Arthrophycus brongniartii (Harlan, 1832) is common in marginal-marine deposits in the Silurian Red Mountain Formation of Alabama. The ichnospecies, the second to be named in North America, is revived and emended after long disuse. Transitional forms to Rusophycus isp. and other morphologic evidence indicate that the maker of Arthrophycus was an arthropod, perhaps a trinucleine (raphiophorid?) trilobite. Interconnection of Arthrophycus and Nereites biserialis, as well as intergradation of Arthrophycus with Cruziana aff. quadrata, Phycodes flabellum, and Asterosoma ludwigae, indicate that these Red Mountain trace fossils were made by the same species of arthropod. Possible relationships with Arthrophycus alleghaniensis (Harlan, 1831) in the Silurian belt from Ontario to Tennessee are also explored. Ichnofamily Arthrophycidae Schimper, 1879 is emended. The ichnofamily is interpreted as chiefly the work of arthropods. Arthrophycus and other trace fossils from the Silurian of Alabama constitute a test case to build criteria for recognizing the members of complexes of trace fossils. In general, criteria such as interconnection of different forms, intergradation among unconnected forms, similarity of size, similarity of morphologic elements, and co-occurrence should be examined in order to determine the biologic and ethologic interrelationships of trace fossils. ?? 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Rindsberg, A. K.; Martin, A. J.

2003-01-01

420

DMPK-associated myotonic dystrophy and CTG repeats in Alabama African Americans.  

PubMed

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a result of a CTG expansion in the 3'-untranslated region of the DMPK gene. DM1 is rare among African blacks who have fewer large CTG repeats in the normal range than other racial/ethnic groups. Neither the prevalence of DM1 nor the relationship of CTG expansion to clinical status in African Americans (AAs) is well documented. We describe two AA brothers with DM1, each of whom had CTG repeats of 5/639; their father was reported to have DM1 and had CTG repeats of 5/60. Other family members had CTG repeats of 5-14. An unrelated AA patient from a second kinship also had DM1; an analysis revealed CTG repeats of 27/191. In 161 Alabama AA control subjects, we observed 18 CTG alleles from 5 to 28 repeats; the most common allele had five CTG repeats. The frequency of CTG repeats >or=15 were greater (p < 0.0003) in Pygmy, Amhara Ethiopian, Ashkenazi Jewish, North African Jewish, Israeli Muslim Arab, European white, and Japanese populations than in the Alabama AA population. These data suggest that the risk for DM1 in AAs is intermediate between that of African blacks and whites of European descent. PMID:17877752

Acton, R T; Rivers, C A; Watson, B; Oh, S J

2007-09-17

421

Carbon monoxide poisonings after two major hurricanes--Alabama and Texas, August-October 2005.  

PubMed

Hurricanes Katrina and Rita struck the U.S. Gulf Coast on August 29, 2005, and September 24, 2005, respectively, causing widespread damage and leaving approximately 4 million households without electrical power. Despite public health measures to prevent carbon monoxide (CO) poisonings after major power outages, multiple CO poisonings were reported in Gulf Coast states in the wake of these hurricanes. The Alabama Department of Public Health and Texas Department of State Health Services asked CDC to assist in investigating the extent and causes of these hurricane-related CO poisonings. The investigation identified 27 incidents of CO poisoning resulting in 78 nonfatal cases and 10 deaths in hurricane-affected counties in Alabama and Texas, nearly all of which were caused by gasoline-powered generators. Most of the generators involved were placed outside but close to the home to power window air conditioners (ACs) or connect to central electric panels. Few homes had functioning CO detectors. CDC continues to recommend that generators be placed far from homes, away from window ACs, and that CO detectors be used by all households operating gasoline-powered appliances (e.g., generators and gas furnaces), with batteries replaced yearly. Although the risk for CO poisoning likely decreases as generators are placed further from the home, additional studies are needed to establish a safe distance for generator placement. PMID:16528230

2006-03-10

422

Cultural Resources Assessment of Confederate Pinto Battery Later Renamed Battery Gladden, Battery Gladden Lighthouse, Alabama Site Number 1M617 and the Adjacent Areas on or Near Pinto Island on the East Side of Mobile River, Mobile County, Alabama.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Battery Gladden is a Civil War fortification first known as Battery Pinto, located in Mobile Bay, Alabama. The site as it exists today consists of a pattern of pilings barely exposed above the water level of the Bay. The report consists of a chronological...

1983-01-01

423

Mackinac Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based in Midland, Michigan, the Mackinac Center for Public Policy is a "nonpartisan research and educational institute dedicated to improving the quality of life for all Michigan citizens by promoting sound solutions to state and local policy questions." Visitors to their website can read their blog, check out some of their publications, and also learn about some of their key topical interests. Most of their work focuses on economic policy matters, and visitors can get a sense of their viewpoints by clicking on the "Periodicals & Projects" area. The "In the Spotlight" area includes recent items of note, and recently they have featured pieces on charter schools, tax credits, and distance learning. Visitors are also encouraged to sign up to receive the Center's email updates and other materials.

424

Salvadori Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Salvadori Center was established in New York City in 1976, when Professor Salvadori of Columbia University was challenged by the New York Academy of Sciences to improve the teaching of math and science in middle schools. Visitors can read the about the vision and values of the Salvadori Center in the "About Us" link, which explains that "[u]sing the urban landscape of buildings, tunnels, and bridges,...[it] introduces teachers to the wonder, beauty, and logic of architecture and engineering, who then share it with their students." The "Resource Center" tab near the top of the page has a link to the "Salvadori Curriculum," which has been created for Science, Social Studies, Language Arts, Art, and Math. Visitors will note that the inclusion of non-STEM subjects offers a well-rounded approach to learning that still addresses the STEM subjects. Examples of some of the lessons that are taught in the Language Arts curriculum include asking students to legally protect their new ergonomic chair design, invent or improve upon a product they currently use, and produce a radio program telling the story of a school building, from the building's point of view.

2012-01-13

425

Northeastern Gulf of Mexico Coastal and Marine Ecosystem Program: Ecosystem Monitoring, Mississippi/Alabama Shelf, Second Annual Interim Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This Annual Interim Report summarizes the second year (Phase 2) of a four-year program to characterize and monitor hard bottom features on the Mississippi/Alabama outer continental shelf. Phase 2 included two monitoring cruises that revisited nine previou...

1998-01-01

426

To Outsource or Not: University of Alabama Libraries Engage in Pilot Project with OCLC's TechPro  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the summer of 1996, the Monographs Catalog Unit of the University of Alabama Libraries engaged in a pilot project with OCLC's TechPro to catalog the monographs in the Wade Hall Collection of Southern History and Culture. This collection, donated to the Libraries' Special Collections Department, included approximately 6,000 uncataloged monographic titles that were determined to be a cataloging priority.

Debra W. Hill

1998-01-01

427

Summer Enrichment Workshop (SEW): A Quality Component of The University of Alabama's Gifted Education Preservice Training Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summer Enrichment Workshop (SEW) is a clinical experience in the teacher preservice training program for gifted and talented (GT) master's degree interns at the University of Alabama. This mixed design study investigated the effects of the SEW clinical experience on interns' preparation to teach. Quantitative analysis demonstrated a statistically significant difference in the effects of SEW on the interns' self-appraisals

Jane L. Newman; Madeleine Gregg; John Dantzler

2009-01-01

428

Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development Facility, Wilsonville, Alabama. Run 262 with Black Thunder subbituminous coal: Technical progress report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report presents the results of Run 262 performed at the Advanced Coal Liquefaction R&D Facility in Wilsonville, Alabama. The run started on July 10, 1991 and continued until September 30, 1991, operating in the Close-Coupled Integrated Two-Stage Liqu...

1992-01-01

429

The New York-Alabama lineament: Geophysical evidence for a major crustal break in the basement beneath the Appalachian basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the basement under the Appalachian basin, a northeast-trending lineament extending more than 1,600 km from the Mississippian embayment to the Green Mountains has been found from aeromagnetic mapping augmented by regional gravity data. This lineament, here called the New York Alabama lineament, is marked by a series of linear magnetic gradients that bound areas of magnetic rocks in the

Elizabeth R. King; Isidore Zietz

1978-01-01

430

Opportunities and Challenges in the Development of Micro-Brewing and Beer Tourism: A Preliminary Study from Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Very recent changes in legislation of the state of Alabama over the consumption of beer at a higher alcohol by volume (ABV) are creating more favourable conditions for the establishment of a micro-brewing sector. The present exploratory study examines these current developments from the perspective of six “nascent” entrepreneurs. Participants' responses suggest the promising potential that a state craft-beer sector

Abel Duarte Alonso

2011-01-01

431

Agriscience Technology Education. Preparing for Careers in Agricultural Science, Business, and Technology. Alabama Course of Study. Bulletin 1996, No. 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide, which is intended for classroom teachers, supervisors, and administrators in Alabama, contains the minimum required content (core program) for public school instruction in agriscience technology in grades 7-12. Presented first are the following: introduction examining the mission, purpose, goals, and structure of agriscience…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

432

77 FR 42682 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plan; Alabama; Disapproval of 110(a)(2)(E...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Plan; Alabama; Disapproval of 110(a)(2)(E)(ii) Infrastructure Requirement for the 1997 Annual and 2006 24-Hour PM 2.5 Standards AGENCY: Environmental Protection...requirements of sections 110(a)(1) and (2) of the Clean Air Act (CAA or Act)...

2012-07-20

433

Ground-water levels in Alabama. For observation wells measured periodically, August 1952-July 1977. Circular 105  

SciTech Connect

A systematic observation well network in Alabama was started in 1940. This report summarizes the general relationship between geology and groundwater availability. Unpublished water-level data collected periodically since 1952 at 254 observation wells are listed along with the location description and general information on construction of the observation wells. Publications containing water-level data from selected observation wells are also listed.

Davis, M.E.

1981-03-05

434

Seasonal Variability in the Surface Sediments of Mobile Bay, Alabama, Recorded by Geochemistry and Foraminifera, 2009-2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study was undertaken in order to document and quantify recent environmental change in Mobile Bay, Alabama. The study was part of the Northern Gulf of Mexico (NGOM) Ecosystem Change and Hazard Susceptibility project, a regional project funded by the Coas...

D. K. Umberger J. Frazier K. A. Richwine L. E. Osterman

2013-01-01

435

Reducing Tick-Borne Disease in Alabama: Linking Health Risk Perception with Spatial Analysis Using the NASA Earth Observing System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Lyme disease (LD) accounts for most vector-borne disease reports in the U.S., and although its existence in Alabama remains controversial, other tick-borne illnesses (TBI) such as Southern Tick-Associated Rash Illness (STARI) pose a health concern in the ...

E. Capilouto J. Harden M. Tipre N. Renneboog R. Hyden S. Firsing S. Hemmings Y. Zhang

2010-01-01

436

Long-term biomonitoring of a produced water discharge from the Cedar Cove degasification field, Alabama. January 1991  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development of coalbed methane has become a major industry for the state of Alabama. In excess of 1,300 wells were producing methane by the end of July 1990. A byproduct of methane production is produced water containing elevated concentrations of chloride, sodium, iron and bicarbonate. These waters are currently permitted for discharge into streams or as a land application. The

P. E. ONeil; S. C. Harris; M. F. Mettee; S. W. McGregor; T. E. Shepard

1991-01-01

437

Industrial Hygiene Survey of the Stauffer Chemical Company, Lemoyne Plant, Axis, Alabama, January 9-12, 1978,  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Worker exposures to carbon-disulfide and carbon-tetrachloride were determined at the Stauffer Chemical Company (SIC-2869), Lemoyne Facility, Axis, Alabama, on January 9-12, 1978. Approximately 50 of the workers at the facility were assigned to the carbon-...

D. D. Zaebst

1978-01-01

438

Developing Health-Literate Citizens through the Alabama Course of Study in Health Education: Moving from Facts to Actions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the development of an updated state curriculum for health education in Alabama. The process involved: (1) selecting 24 members to the Health Education and Physical Education State Course of Study Committee; (2) forming two working subcommittees (for health education and physical education); (3) understanding task requirements…

Geiger, Brian F.; Myers, Ouida; Atchison, Jody H.; LaFollette, Judy L.

439

Solvent refined coal (SRC) process operation of SRC pilot plant at Wilsonville, Alabama. Annual report, January--December 1977  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report presents operating conditions and results for the six-ton-per-day Solvent Refined Coal (SRC) pilot plant at Wilsonville, Alabama, for the months of October, November, and December 1977. It summarizes activities for the 1977 calendar year. Three industrially significant coals were processed: A subbituminous Wyoming coal from Amax Coal Company's Belle Ayr Mine (Wyodak Seam); a high volatile Utah bituminous

H. E. Lewis; W. H. Weber; G. B. Usnick; W. R. Hollenack; H. W. Hooks

1978-01-01

440

State Test Score Trends through 2008-09, Part 1: Rising Scores on State Tests and NAEP. Alabama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper profiles Alabama's test score trends through 2008-09. Between 2005 and 2009, the percentages of students reaching the proficient level on the state test and the basic level on NAEP (National Assessment of Educational Progress) increased in grades 4 and 8 in both reading and math. Average annual gains were generally larger on the state…

Center on Education Policy, 2010

2010-01-01

441

The Southern Rural Access Program and Alabama's Rural Health Leaders Pipeline: A Partnership To Develop Needed Minority Health Care Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Alabama's Black Belt counties, two organizations collaborate to recruit and prepare rural minority and disadvantaged students for health care careers. Premedical students and other college students in the programs shadow health professionals, visit medical schools, complete health projects, participate in summer seminars and tutorials, receive…

Rackley, Benjamin P.; Wheat, John R.; Moore, Cynthia E.; Garner, Robert G.; Harrell, Barbara W.

2003-01-01

442

Eustatic and tectonic effects in sequences stratigraphy of the paralic-shelfal marine section, upper cretaceous, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Alabama, sequence stratigraphic facies relations within the late Santonian to latest Maastrichtian (85-67 Ma) marine section have been strongly influenced by second-, third-, and fourth-order sea level changes related both to global eustasy and regional tectonics. Through detailed lithostratigraphic and biochronostratigraphic correlations, one can delineate the dictating mechanism (eustasy versus tectonics). In the outcrop region, the marine section is

D. T. Jr

1993-01-01

443

Hydraulic management in a soil moisture controlled SDI wastewater dispersal system in an Alabama black belt soil  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

An experimental field moisture controlled subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) system was designed and installed as a field trial in a Vertisol in the Alabama Black Belt region for two years. The system was designed to start hydraulic dosing only when field moisture was below field capacity. Results sho...

444

Coal quality in area of Sand Mountain and Lookout Mountain, southern Appalachian Mountains, Georgia, Tennessee, and Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 10 coal beds of Pennsylvanian age crop out around Sand Mountain and Lookout Mountain in Georgia, Tennessee, and Alabama. These beds were deposited in barrier and fluvial environments. Few determinations of modern coal-quality data have been made for these coals, although they have been mined for more than 100 years. To evaluate their quality, 47 coal samples from

T. L. Crawford

1986-01-01

445

Business Education. Preparing Students for Employment in Business Occupations. Alabama Course of Study. Bulletin 1996, No. 16.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide, which is intended for classroom teachers, supervisors, and administrators in Alabama, contains the minimum required content (core program) for public school instruction in business education in grades 7-12. Presented first are the following: introduction examining the mission, purpose, goals, and structure of business education;…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

446

Hydraulic management of a soil moisture controlled SDI wastewater dispersal system in an Alabama Black Belt soil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rural areas represent approximately 95% of the 14000 km2 Alabama Black Belt, an area of widespread Vertisols dominated by clayey, smectitic, shrink–swell soils. These soils are unsuitable for conventional onsite wastewater treatment systems (OWTS) which are nevertheless widely used in this region. In order to provide an alternative wastewater dosing system, an experimental field moisture controlled subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) system

Jiajie He; Mark Dougherty; Joey Shaw; John Fulton; Francisco Arriaga

2011-01-01

447

Family and Consumer Sciences Education. Focusing on Families, Work, and Their Interrelationships. Alabama Course of Study. Bulletin 1996, No. 17.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide, which is intended for classroom teachers, supervisors, and administrators throughout Alabama, contains the minimum required content (core program) for public school instruction in family and consumer sciences education in grades 7-12. Presented first are the following: introduction examining the objectives/delivery of family and…

Alabama State Dept. of Education, Montgomery.

448

Plant-Growth Response to Various Combinations of Mulches and Spoil Substrates on a Walker County, Alabama, Surface Coal Mine.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1978-1979, Walker County, Alabama, was the site of an experiment designed to assess plant growth and soil erosion. The experiment utilized 6 mulch treatments applied to each of 3 coal surface mine substrates. The mulches (wood fiber, hardwood bark, pin...

E. A. Cross F. C. Gabrielson T. H. Hughes

1982-01-01

449

Inventory of Academic Programs. Volume Four. Public Technical Colleges. A Planning Document of the Alabama Commission on Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An inventory of academic programs offered for credit and leading to an academic award offered by Alabama's public technical colleges as of June 1, 1985, is presented. For each college and program, charts indicate program titles, levels of degrees offered, and accreditation status. Included are summary charts of degrees offered by program, i.e.,…

Alabama State Commission on Higher Education, Montgomery.

450

Phylogeny and biogeography of Croton alabamensis (Euphorbiaceae), a rare shrub from Texas and Alabama, using DNA sequence and AFLP data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Croton alabamensis (Euphorbiaceae s.s. ) is a rare plant species known from several popu- lations in Texas and Alabama that have been assigned to var. texensis and var. alabamensis , respectively. We performed maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian analyses of DNA sequences from the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and 5.8S regions and chloroplast trn L- trn F

BENJAMIN W. V AN; NICOLAS JELINSKI; PAUL E. BERRY; ANDREW L. H IPP

451

Alabama Disasters: Leveraging NASA EOS to Explore the Environmental and Economic Impact of the April 27 Tornado Outbreak.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The disastrous tornado outbreak in Alabama on April 27, 2011 greatly impacted the economy of the state. On record, the tornado outbreak was the second deadliest tornado outbreak in U.S. When considering the agricultural and value-added activities such as ...

B. Barrick C. Herdy J. Brenton J. Luvall K. Cooksey S. Padgett-Vasquez

2012-01-01

452

Diagenesis of Eolian and fluvial feldspathic sandstones, Norphlet formation (upper Jurassic), Rankin County, Mississippi, and Mobile County, Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Norphlet sandstones in seven cores from Mississippi and Alabama are arkoses and subarkoses deposited in eolian-dune, interdune, and fluvial environments. Similar to the deeply buried (> 5 km) Tertiary feldspathic sandstones of the Gulf basin, all detrital plagioclase that survived dissolution has been albitized. Fluvial red sandstone lost all initial porosity by the introduction of preburial pedogenic calcite and compaction.

L. S. Land; L. E. Mack

1987-01-01

453

Relationships of seismic amplitudes and gas content of the Miocene Amos Sand, Mobile Bay area, offshore Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mobil Oil Company has collected three-dimensional (3-D) seismic data over Mary Ann field in the Mobile Bay area, Alabama. Although the survey was designed and collected so as to image the deeper Norphlet Sands, amplitude anomalies in the image of the shallow Miocene Amos Sand are evident. Relationships are developed between the seismic amplitudes and net feet of gas in

L. T. Reif; G. L. Kinsland

1993-01-01

454

Student and Faculty Opinions on the Impact of Web-Enhanced Courses on the Educational Experience at Alabama Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This quantitative study examined the perceptions of Alabama community college students and faculty toward Web-enhanced courses and the impact of these courses on the educational experience as defined by Chickering and Gamson's "Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education," an empirically based model. Secondarily, the study…

Smallwood, Audrey Bandy

2010-01-01

455

The application of remote sensing, geographic information systems, and Global Positioning System technology to improve water quality in northern Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, the water quality status in northern Alabama has been declining due to urban and agricultural growth. Throughout the years, the application of remote sensing and geographic information system technology has undergone numerous modifications and revisions to enhance their ability to control, reduce, and estimate the origin of non-point source pollution. Yet, there is still a considerable amount of uncertainty

D. Sheppard; T. D. Tsegaye; W. Tadesse; D. McKay; T. L. Coleman

2001-01-01

456

Angling vulnerability of black crappies, white crappies, and their naturally produced hybrid in Weiss Reservoir, Alabama, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined differences in angling vulnerability among black crappies Pomoxis nigromaculatus, white crappies Pomoxis annularis, and their naturally produced hybrid offspring in Weiss Reservoir, Alabama, USA, during spring and fall of 1992 and 1993. Proportions of crappie phenotypes (determined by starch-gel electrophoresis) in the reservoir were estimated from trapnet and electrofishing collections. We collected angled crappies from local resort owners

Vincent H. Travnichek; Michael J. Maceina; Rex A. Dunham

1997-01-01

457

School Leadership Change Emerging in Alabama: Results of the Governor's Congress on School Leadership. High Schools That Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|When Alabama Governor Bob Riley established the Governor's Congress on School Leadership in 2004, few people in the state fully anticipated the resulting transformation in the state's philosophical and conceptual framework for educational leadership. The Governor's Congress on School Leadership resulted in an unmistakable statewide paradigm shift…

Schmidt-Davis, Jonathan

2010-01-01

458

Interim Feasibility Report and Environmental Impact Statement for Oliver Lock Replacement (BWT) Black Warrior-Tombigbee Rivers, Alabama. Revised.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A feasibility study to determine the desirability of replacing the 44 year old navigation Lock at Tuscaloosa, Alabama was conducted by the US Army Corps of Engineers. The 95 x 460 foot Lock chamber forces tow with more than 4 barges to double (separate th...

1983-01-01

459

Comparing Children's Fears in Alabama: An Investigation Using Post-9/11 and Post-Invasion of Iraq Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was designed to investigate the fears of children and adolescents in Alabama in the aftermath of 9/11 and after the initial invasion of Iraq in 2003. The American Fear Survey Schedule for Children (FSSC-AM; Burnham, 1995, 2005) was utilized to measure the fears of youth in Grades 2-12. (Contains 4 tables.)|

Burnham, Joy J.

2006-01-01

460

Filling the gaps in the Neogene plant fossil record of eastern North America: New data from the Pliocene of Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nine angiosperm taxa are described, based on megafossils from the Citronelle Formation of Alabama, that are significant in either clarifying previous identifications, or in providing the first records of their kind in the North American Pliocene. Liquidambar styraciflua is identified from leaves. Stones are attributed to Cornus sp. and Nyssa aquatica. Although Nyssa stones from the Citronelle Formation were originally

Debra Z. Stults; Brian J. Axsmith

2011-01-01

461

Filling and Emptying System, Walter Bouldin Lock, and Lock Culvert Valve for Coosa River Waterway, Alabama. Hydraulic Model Investigation.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Five navigation locks, 84 ft wide by 600 ft long (useable length), are proposed for a series of five existing dams owned by the Alabama Power Company from Montgomery to Gadsden, Ala., on the Coosa River. The Walter Bouldin Lock and Dam will be the souther...

J. F. George

1984-01-01

462

Taenidium and Associated Ichnofossils in Fluvial Deposits, Cretaceous Tuscaloosa Formation, Eastern Alabama, Southeastern U.S.A  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exposures of the Tuscaloosa Formation in eastern Alabama (U.S.A.) provided an opportunity to examine ichnofossils and ichnofabrics within Cretaceous fluvial facies. Floodplain mudstones are completely bioturbated and dominated by backfilled burrows most allied with Taenidium serpentinum. These burrows likely reflect the work of insects or oligochaetes that occupied soft, moist proximal floodplain substrates. Although the affinities and ethology of the

Charles E. Savrda; Jonathan W. Collier; Robert A. Drake; Robert L. Graves; Anthony G. Hall; Anne I. Nelson; James C. Slone; Daphne D. Williams; H. Alexander Wood

2000-01-01

463

A Multilevel Analysis of Individual, Household, and Neighborhood Correlates of Intimate Partner Violence Among Low-Income Pregnant Women in Jefferson County, Alabama  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined individual, household, and neighborhood correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) before and during pregnancy. Methods. We used multilevel modeling to investigate IPV among 2887 pregnant women in 112 census tracts who sought prenatal care in 8 public clinics in Jefferson County, Alabama, from 1997 through 2001. Data were collected from the Perinatal Emphasis Research Center project, the 2000 Census, and the local Sheriff and Police Departments Uniform Crime Reports for 1997 through 2001. Results. Participants were predominantly young, African American, on Medicaid, and residents of low-income neighborhoods. The prevalence of past-year male partner–perpetrated physical or sexual violence was 7.4%. Neighborhood residential stability, women performing most of the housework (lack of involvement among partners), being unmarried (being in an uncommitted relationship), and alcohol use were positively associated with elevated IPV risk. Significant protective factors for IPV included older age at first vaginal intercourse and a greater sense of mastery (e.g., the perception of oneself as an effective person). Conclusions. Both neighborhood contextual and individual and household compositional effects are associated with IPV among low-income pregnant women. The results imply that combined interventions to improve neighborhood conditions and strengthen families may effectively reduce IPV.

Kirby, Russell S.; Sigler, Robert T.; Hwang, Sean-Shong; LaGory, Mark E.; Goldenberg, Robert L.

2010-01-01

464

Serosurveillance of eastern equine encephalitis virus in amphibians and reptiles from Alabama, USA.  

PubMed

Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) is among the most medically important arboviruses in North America, and studies suggest a role for amphibians and reptiles in its transmission cycle. Serum samples collected from 351 amphibians and reptiles (27 species) from Alabama, USA, were tested for the presence of antibodies against EEEV. Frogs, turtles, and lizards showed little or no seropositivity, and snakes had high seropositivity rates. Most seropositive species were preferred or abundant hosts of Culex spp. mosquitoes at Tuskegee National Forest, that target ectothermic hosts. The cottonmouth, the most abundant ectotherm sampled, displayed a high prevalence of seropositivity, indicating its possible role as an amplification and/or over-wintering reservoir for EEEV. PMID:22403333

Graham, Sean P; Hassan, Hassan K; Chapman, Taryn; White, Gregory; Guyer, Craig; Unnasch, Thomas R

2012-03-01

465

The Jack Rabin Collection of Alabama Civil Rights and Southern Activists  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Jack Rabin was a faculty member at a number of institutions during his long academic career, and he was intimately involved with certain aspects of the civil rights movement in the 1960s. During time spent in Alabama he worked with the organizers of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. He also accumulated a tremendous collection of photos and interviews related to this event and others. This online collection from the Pennsylvania State University Libraries brings together many of these documents. Visitors can get started here by watching a historic interview with Stokely Carmichael or watching an excerpt from the Selma March in 1965. Also, visitors are encouraged to search the collection, read a biography of Rabin, and peruse the finding aid.

2012-05-18

466

Serosurveillance of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus in Amphibians and Reptiles from Alabama, USA  

PubMed Central

Eastern equine encephalitis virus (EEEV) is among the most medically important arboviruses in North America, and studies suggest a role for amphibians and reptiles in its transmission cycle. Serum samples collected from 351 amphibians and reptiles (27 species) from Alabama, USA, were tested for the presence of antibodies against EEEV. Frogs, turtles, and lizards showed little or no seropositivity, and snakes had high seropositivity rates. Most seropositive species were preferred or abundant hosts of Culex spp. mosquitoes at Tuskegee National Forest, that target ectothermic hosts. The cottonmouth, the most abundant ectotherm sampled, displayed a high prevalence of seropositivity, indicating its possible role as an amplification and/or over-wintering reservoir for EEEV.

Graham, Sean P.; Hassan, Hassan K.; Chapman, Taryn; White, Gregory; Guyer, Craig; Unnasch, Thomas R.

2012-01-01

467

Superfund Record of Decision (EPA region 4): Mowbray Engineering Company, Greenville, Alabama, September 1986. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Mowbray Engineering Company (MEC) site consists of a 3-acre swamp located in Greenville, Butler County, Alabama. An aquifer underlying the site supplies 11,400 residents with potable water. Waste oils were dumped onto the ground behind the plant. Oil was also allowed to flow into a city storm sewer drain and ultimately into the swamp. Dumping and other discharges continued until the mid 1970s. MEC installed two underground storage tanks to collect oils for resale and prevent spills. PCBs were detected in swamp soils at 500 ppm, leading EPA to remove the top six inches of swamp soil and disposing the wastes in an approved offsite hazardous waste facility. The primary contaminants of concern are PCBs. Selected remedies were proposed and are included.

Not Available

1986-09-25

468

An Application of the Mesh Generation and Refinement Tool to Mobile Bay, Alabama, USA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A grid generation tool, called the Mesh Generation and Refinement Tool (MGRT), has been developed using Qt4. Qt4 is a comprehensive C++ application framework which includes GUI and container class-libraries and tools for cross-platform development. MGRT is capable of using several types of algorithms for grid generation. This paper presents an application of the MGRT grid generation tool for creating an unstructured grid of Mobile Bay (Alabama, USA) that will be used for hydrodynamics modeling. The algorithm used in this particular application is the Advancing-Front/Local-Reconnection (AFLR) [1] [2]. This research shows results of grids created with MGRT and compares them to grids (for the same geographical container) created using other grid generation tools. The superior quality of the grids generated by MGRT is shown.

Aziz, Wali; Alarcon, Vladimir J.; McAnally, William; Martin, James; Cartwright, John

2009-08-01

469

Homicide in Alabama: an analysis of urban, suburban and rural murders in the Deep South.  

PubMed

Eleven hundred forty-four (1144) homicides occurring in Alabama, U.S.A. during a 2-year period are presented and analyzed according to the demographic parameters of the victims, location in urban, suburban, or rural community, type of homicide based on a medical examiner's classification, presence of drugs, weapon employed and other factors. Urban dwellers, Blacks and males are found to be at high risk. Alcohol is much more prevalent than other drugs in homicide victims. Although the handgun is the weapon most commonly used throughout the state, in the rural regions the longgun is used almost as often. The difficulty of making valid comparisons with other homicide studies is discussed and the establishment of a uniform classification of homicides urged. PMID:2703196

Riddick, L; Brissie, R M; Embry, J H; Cumberland, G D; Gilchrist, T F; Glass, J M; Rabren, C L

1989-02-01

470

Composition of Microbial Communities in Blount Springs, Alabama and Assessment of their Chemolithotrophic Capabilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Microbial assemblages consisting of chemolithotrophic organisms are found in extreme environments and provide clues as to how life forms survived the harsh conditions of early Earth. Diverse microbial communities were observed in a sulfur spring in Blount Springs, Blount Co., Alabama. DNA was extracted from microbial samples and amplified by polymerase chain reaction. Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism community analysis was performed to determine the diversity of bacterial and fungal communities in the sulfur spring. Cation and anion concentrations within the spring water were also evaluated to determine the potential chemolithotrophic capabilities of the resident microbes. Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen isotopes were evaluated to determine the carbon flow and the source of the water in the streams.

Morrissey, T.; Aharon, P.; Olson, J.

2010-12-01

471

Site Enforcement Tracking System (SETS): PRP listing by site for Alabama  

SciTech Connect

When expending Superfund monies at a CERCLA (Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act) site, EPA must conduct a search to identify parties with potential financial responsibility for remediation of uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. EPA regional Superfund Waste Management Staff issue a notice letter to the potentially responsible party (PRP) for the state of Alabama. Data from this notice letter is used to form the Site Enforcement Tracking System (SETS). This data includes PRP name and address, a company contact person, the date the notice was issued, and the related CERCLA site name and identification number. SETS was created to track PRP identification at both NPL (National Priority List) and non-NPL sites. SETS does not address the range of other administrative duties related to tracking the PRP.

Not Available

1990-12-19

472

Flood-depth frequency relations for rural streams in Alabama, 2003  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Drainage area was the most statistically significant independent variable tested. Addition of other significant variables did not decrease the standard error of prediction by more than 2 percent. Regression relations, for four different hydrologic regions, were developed to estimate flood depth for rural, ungaged streams as a function of the basin drainage area. These relations are based on computed depths that correspond to the flood magnitude and frequency for 164 streamgages in Alabama and 42 streamgages in adjacent States having at least 10 years of consecutive record. These relations utilize observed flood data collected through 2003. The geologic, physiographic, and climatic variability affecting flood depth is reflected in the constant (intercept) and exponent (slope) for each regional regression equation. Average standard errors of prediction for these regression equations range from 18 to 38 percent.

Lee, K. G.; Hedgecock, T. S.

2010-01-01

473

Geophysical Characterization for Potential Carbon Dioxide Sequestration in the Black Warrior Basin of Alabama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The southeastern US is a leading producer of carbon dioxide emissions in large part due to the high number of coal-fired power plants in the region. As part of a Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) funded geological characterization project we have collected a number of geophysical data sets that characterize the Black Warrior Basin in the vicinity of the Alabama Power Gorgas Steam Plant in Walker County, Alabama. These geophysical data sets are important for extending the results from our 8000-foot characterization hole throughout the basin. Two 5-mile seismic reflection profiles processed through pre-stack time migration image the Cambrian through Pennsylvanian stratigraphy in the basin. The major injection targets in the saline reservoirs of the Hartselle Sandstone, Tuscumbia Limestone, Stones River Group and Knox Group. Initial examination of the data show that it is well suited for techniques such as Amplitude Versus Offset (AVO) analysis and inversion with the downhole data. Multiple offset vertical seismic profiles (VSP) image the formations close to and at multiple azimuths away from the drill hole. These VSPs also provide an important link to the seismic reflection profiles, which pass a little less than a mile to the north of the drill hole. Three shallow microseismic wells in the vicinity of the main drill hole have 3-component geophones cemented at depths of 50, 150, and 250 foot. These wells, designed to record small magnitude seismic events resulting from low-volume water injection, are important for characterizing the local fracture pathways and stress fields. Downhole gravity data complements the usual suite of downhole tools by imaging density variations deeper into the formations and ensuring that the identified saline reservoirs are not locally discontinuous.

Goodliffe, A. M.; Harris, W.; Rutter, R. S.; Clark, P.; Pashin, J. C.; Esposito, R. A.

2011-12-01

474

Sedimentary facies and history of Upper Jurassic (Oxfordian) Smackover Formation in Conecuh embayment of south Alabama  

SciTech Connect

The Upper Jurassic (Oxfordian) Smackover Formation is an important petroleum-bearing unit in the deep subsurface of the gulf rim. The authors studied the sedimentary facies and sedimentary history of the Smackover in Escambia County, Alabama. The wells studied form an east-west strike section across the Conecuh embayment in south Alabama. In the central part of the embayment, the Smackover is 350 ft (107 m) thick and consists of a vertical sequence of the following correlative sedimentary facies. In stratigraphic order, they are: (1) basal, shallow-water facies that rests conformably on the underlying Norphlet and forms a discontinuous interval a few feet thick, consisting of algal-laminated mudstones, sandy packstones and grainstones, and clast horizons; (2) basinal, deep-water facies, 175 ft (53 m) thick, consisting of resedimented debris beds (oolitic-pisolitic-graded beds, 8 in or 24 cm thick) intercalated with laminated, very argillaceous mudstone and wackestone; (3) parallel and wavy-laminated, sparsely fossiliferous packstone and wackestone, 80 ft (24 m) thick, interpreted as a carbonate slope deposit that accumulated below storm wave base; (4) bioturbated oolitic, pelletal, and fossiliferous packstone with faint relict laminations, 45 ft (14 m) thick, containing abundant Thalassinoides and Zoophycus traces and interpreted as below normal wave base deposits; and (5) oolitic and fossiliferous grainstone, 50 ft (15 m) thick, interpreted as deposits formed above wave base (shelf-platform deposits). The above sequence suggests progradation of a carbonate shelf. This progradation probably followed the rapid eustatic sea-level rise of the Oxfordian.

Esposito, R.A.; King, D.T. Jr.

1986-05-01

475

Assessing rates of forest change and fragmentation in Alabama, USA, using the vegetation change tracker model  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Forest change is of great concern for land use decision makers and conservation communities. Quantitative and spatial forest change information is critical for addressing many pressing issues, including global climate change, carbon budgets, and sustainability. In this study, our analysis focuses on the differences in geospatial patterns and their changes between federal forests and nonfederal forests in Alabama over the time period 1987-2005, by interpreting 163 Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) scenes using a vegetation change tracker (VCT) model. Our analysis revealed that for the most part of 1990 s and between 2000 and 2005, Alabama lost about 2% of its forest on an annual basis due to disturbances, but much of the losses were balanced by forest regeneration from previous disturbances. The disturbance maps revealed that federal forests were reasonably well protected, with the fragmentation remaining relatively stable over time. In contrast, nonfederal forests, which are predominant in area share (about 95%), were heavily disturbed, clearly demonstrating decreasing levels of fragmentation during the time period 1987-1993 giving way to a subsequent accelerating fragmentation during the time period 1994-2005. Additionally, the identification of the statistical relationships between forest fragmentation status and forest loss rate and forest net change rate in relation to land ownership implied the distinct differences in forest cutting rate and cutting patterns between federal forests and nonfederal forests. The forest spatial change information derived from the model has provided valuable insights regarding regional forest management practices and disturbance regimes, which are closely associated with regional economics and environmental concerns. ?? 2008 Elsevier B.V.

Li, M.; Huang, C.; Zhu, Z.; Shi, H.; Lu, H.; Peng, S.

2009-01-01

476

Waisman Center.  

PubMed

The Waisman Center MRDDRC supports behavioral, social, and biomedical research on human development, developmental disabilities, and neurodegenerative diseases. Examples of research conducted in each of the four MRDDRC units include: abnormalities in gene expression in human neuronal stem cells and progenitor cells from Down syndrome tissue (from the Molecular and Genetic Sciences Unit), language disorders in adolescents with Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome (from the Communication Processes Unit); the development of selective visual attention during the first 6 months of life (from the Sensory and Cognitive Processes Unit); and the long-range effects of early intervention on special education placement, delinquency, and high school graduation rates (from the Social and Affective Processes Unit). PMID:12175890

Seltzer, Marsha Mailick

477

Operation of the Wilsonville Advanced Coal-Liquefaction R and D Facility, Wilsonville, Alabama. Annual Technical Report, January-December 1981 (Runs 222 Through 235).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the 1981 operating and test data obtained at the six ton per day Advanced Coal Liquefaction Research and Development Facility in Wilsonville, Alabama. Special emphasis is placed on data accumulated during the fourth quarter of 1981....

1983-01-01

478

Geohydrology and Regional Ground-Water Flow of the Coastal Lowlands Aquifer System in Parts of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida: A Preliminary Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Coastal Lowlands aquifer system of Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida consists of alternating, discontinuous beds of sand, gravel, silt, and clay of Miocene age and younger. The sediments thicken and dip toward the Gulf of Mexico and are hig...

A. Martin C. D. Whiteman

1989-01-01

479

Ectoparasitic Mites (Acari) of Sympatric Brazilian Free-Tailed Bats and Big Brown Bats in Alabama. (Reannouncement with New Availability Information).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Seven species of mites were recovered from 133 Brazilian free-tailed bats, Tadarida brasiliensis, and 94 big brown bats, Eptesicus fuscus, from February through November 1990 in colonies that shared roosting space in east-central Alabama. The macronyssid ...

L. A. Durden T. L. Best N. Wilson C. D. Hilton

1992-01-01

480

Industrial Hygiene Survey Report of Worker Exposures to Organotins at M and T Chemicals, Inc., Axis Plant, Axis, Alabama. Survey Dates - March 14, 1984 and August 14, 1984.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Personal and area air samples were analyzed for organotin compounds at an organic chemical production facility (SIC-2869) in Axis, Alabama in March and August, 1984. The survey was component of a NIOSH industrywide study of occupational exposures to organ...

R. J. Walcott

1985-01-01

481

Alabama Energy and Cost Savings for New Single and Multifamily Homes: 2009 and 2012 IECC as Compared to the 2006 IECC  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 2009 and 2012 International Energy Conservation Codes (IECC) yield positive benefits for Alabama homeowners. Moving to either the 2009 or 2012 IECC from the 2006 IECC is cost effective over a 30-year life cycle. On average, Alabama homeowners will save $2,117 over 30 years under the 2009 IECC, with savings still higher at $6,182 with the 2012 IECC. After

Robert G. Lucas; Zachary T. Taylor; Vrushali V. Mendon; Supriya Goel

2012-01-01

482

Choosing a Transplant Center  

MedlinePLUS

... Email this page Print this page Choosing a transplant center Tweet A transplant center is a hospital ... transplant center has treated. Questions to ask the transplant center Our patient services coordinators can answer your ...

483

Solar evaporation of fertilizers/ag-chemical aqueous mixtures  

SciTech Connect

Even when best management practices are employed, dealers can have 2000 to 7000 gallons of fertilizer/pesticide rinsewaters each year that cannot be used on nonlabel crops or indiscriminately applied or disposed of without violating Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) pesticide label application regulations. A novel, easily implemented solution for reduction of these rinsewaters has been developed at the University of Alabama at Huntsville (UAH) working with researchers from the Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA) National Fertilizer and Environmental Research Center (NFERC), Muscle Shoals, Alabama. Researchers have developed a passive flat-plate solar evaporator. It is a stainless steel/glass unit approximately 8inches [times] 7inches [times] 5inches, and can be produced on an assembly line basis for less than $4000 each. NFERC technologists will use these units for environmental research and demonstration projects at other universities and dealers this year. Each unit can evaporate 900--1200 gallons of water per year.

Ash, D.H.; Salladay, D.G.; Norwood, V.M. (National Fertilizer and Environmental Research Center, Muscle Shoals, AL (United States)); Guinn, G.R. (Alabama Solar Energy Center, Huntsville, AL (United States))

1991-01-01

484

Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 91-213-2123, G. T. Jones Tire and Battery Distributing Inc. , Birmingham, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

In response to a request for technical assistance from the Alabama Health Department, possible hazardous working conditions at the G.T. Jones Tire and Battery Distributing Company (SIC-5093), Birmingham, Alabama were evaluated. The company employed 15 persons in battery breaking and recycling. Twelve of the workers had blood lead (7439921) levels over 60 micrograms/deciliter (microg/dl) and the average of the last three blood levels exceeded 50microg/dl for 13 of the employees. Blood lead levels greater than 60 were associated with biochemical evidence of impaired heme synthesis and impaired renal function. Fourteen workers had elevated zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) levels over 100microg/dl consistent with moderate lead poisoning. Three had ZPPs over 600 microg/dl, consistent with severe lead poisoning. The authors conclude that a health hazard existed from overexposure to lead. The authors recommend measures to reduce exposures.

Gittleman, J.; Estacio, P.; O'Brien, D.; Montopoli, M.

1991-06-01

485

Preliminary interpretation of mid-crustal reflections from the vicinity of the New York-Alabama Magnetic Anomaly, eastern Tennessee  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seismic data acquired across part of the New York-Alabama Magnetic Anomaly reveal 30 km of highly reflective crust from 4.5 to 16 km depth (1.6 to 5.0 sec) beneath the Alleghenian allochthon. At the southeast end of the SE-NW oriented seismic line, the reflections range from essentially horizontal to gently west-dipping at about 30 degrees. The dominant west-dipping reflections are

D. L. Hopkins; J. K. Costain

1992-01-01

486

Chelated Potassium and Arginine Supplementation in Diets of Pacific White Shrimp Reared in Low-Salinity Waters of West Alabama  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dietary supplements have been proposed as a potential remediation strategy to counteract mineral deficiencies in low-salinity well waters (LSWW) used for shrimp culture in Alabama. Existing strategies (i.e., application of fertilizers such as K-mag and muriate of potash) are costly to farmers attempting to raise levels of potassium (K) in their ponds. Previous laboratory studies using dietary supplements of chelated

I. Patrick Saoud; Luke A. Roy; D. Allen Davis

2007-01-01

487

Analysis of T-105 Fractionation Column failure at the Wilsonville, Alabama, Solvent Refined Coal (SRC) pilot plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

The T-105 Fractionation Column at the Wilsonville, Alabama, Solvent Refined Coal (SRC) pilot plant was removed from service in February 1979, when corrosion had exceeded design limits. Inspection revealed general thinning of vessel walls and internal components as well as pitting and localized attack in weld heat-affected zones. On-site metallography also revealed some intergranular attack of the vessel wall. Metallographic

V. B. Baylor; J. R. Keiser; B. C. Leslie; M. D. Allen; R. W. Swindeman

1980-01-01

488

Comparison of carbon storage, carbon sequestration, and air pollution removal by protected and maintained urban forests in Alabama, USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Auburn University campus in Auburn, Alabama, USA, was the location for a case study to compare carbon storage, carbon sequestration, and air pollution (CO, O3, NO2, PM10, SO2) removal estimates between protected and maintained urban forests. Results were from a complete tree inventory and i-Tree Eco analysis of the 237 ha maintained and 5.5 ha protected areas of the

Nicholas A. Martin; Arthur H. Chappelka; Edward F. Loewenstein; Gary J. Keever

2012-01-01

489

Effect of Native American ancestry on iron-related phenotypes of Alabama hemochromatosis probands with HFE C282Y homozygosity  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: In age-matched cohorts of screening study participants recruited from primary care clinics, mean serum transferrin saturation values were significantly lower and mean serum ferritin concentrations were significantly higher in Native Americans than in whites. Twenty-eight percent of 80 Alabama white hemochromatosis probands with HFE C282Y homozygosity previously reported having Native American ancestry, but the possible effect of this ancestry

James C Barton; Ellen H Barton; Ronald T Acton

2006-01-01

490

Phylogeny and biogeography of Croton alabamensis (Euphorbiaceae), a rare shrub from Texas and Alabama, using DNA sequence and AFLP data.  

PubMed

Croton alabamensis (Euphorbiaceae s.s.) is a rare plant species known from several populations in Texas and Alabama that have been assigned to var. texensis and var. alabamensis, respectively. We performed maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian analyses of DNA sequences from the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and 5.8S regions and chloroplast trnL-trnF regions from collections of the two varieties of C. alabamensis and from outgroup taxa. C. alabamensis emerges alone on a long branch that is sister to Croton section Corylocroton and the Cuban endemic genus Moacroton. Molecular clock analysis estimates the split of C. alabamensis from its closest relatives in sect. Corylocroton at 41 million years ago, whereas the split of the two varieties of C. alabamensis occurred sometime in the Quaternary. Amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analyses were performed using two selective primer pairs on a larger sampling of accessions (22 from Texas, 17 from Alabama) to further discriminate phylogenetic structure and quantify genetic diversity. Using both neighbour joining and minimum evolution, the populations from the Cahaba and Black Warrior watersheds in Alabama form two well-separated groups, and in Texas, geographically distinct populations are recovered from Fort Hood, Balcones Canyonlands, and Pace Bend Park. Most of the molecular variance is accounted for by variance within populations. Approximately equal variance is found among populations within states and between states (varieties). Genetic distance between the Texas populations is significantly less than genetic distance between the Alabama populations. Both sequence and AFLP data support the same relationships between the varieties of C. alabamensis and their outgroup, while the AFLP data provide better resolution among the different geographical regions where C. alabamensis occurs. The conservation implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:16911197

van Ee, Benjamin W; Jelinski, Nicolas; Berry, Paul E; Hipp, Andrew L

2006-09-01

491

Population Dynamics of Black Crappies and White Crappies in Weiss Reservoir, Alabama: Implications for the Implementation of Harvest Restrictions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the effects of angling and the advisability of imposing harvest restrictions on the fishery for black crappies Pomoxis nigromaculatus and white crappies P. annularis at Weiss Reservoir, Alabama. A nonuniform probability, roving creel survey was conducted in conjunction with a tag-reward program. Based on tags returned during the crappie fishing seasons of March–May 1988 and February–April 1989, total

Jeffrey R. Reed; William D. Davies

1991-01-01

492

Correlation of lignites in the midway and Wilcox groups of southern Alabama and eastern Mississippi  

SciTech Connect

The Gulf Coast Paleogene section represents one of the world's most continuous records of cyclic nonmarine through marine sedimentation. Microfossil research has demonstrated the completeness of downdip marine sections; however, the continuity of updip, nonmarine, and marginal marine sections remains relatively uncertain. Lignites occur throughout the Gulf Coast low Paleogene, but to date have not been adequately characterized with the detail necessary for high-resolution correlation. Lignite characteristics, stratigraphic position within Paleogene depositional cycles, and their mode of origin can be used in correlating nonmarine deposits (highstand system tract) to downdip marine deposits (transgressive system tract). Samples were collected for east-central Mississippi and west-central Alabama and analyzed. Principle constituents, comprising over 50%, are inaperturate forms in Midway Group samples and tricolporate forms in Wilcox Group samples. Secondary components, 10-20%, of triporate and monolete/trilete forms occur in both groups. Triporate forms are approximately 25% more abundant in the Wilcox Group samples, whereas monolete/trilete forms remain relatively constant in both groups. Minor components ([le]5%) of bivesticulate, tricolpate, polycolpate, polyporate, and polycolporate forms are present, but show distinct percentage variations between each group. Inaperature forms are present only in the Midway Group and monoporate forms exist only in the Wilcox Group. These group-specific forms, combined with the differences in primary and secondary forms and abundances, allow samples to be formationally assigned base on palynomorpbic signature.

Harrison, D.W. (Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States))

1993-09-01

493

Chester (Mississippian) ostracodes from Bangor Formation of Black Warrior basin, northern Alabama  

SciTech Connect

A previously unreported ostracode fauna is described from the Bangor Limestone in Franklin, Lawrence, and Colbert Counties, Alabama. The Bangor formation is a Chesterian (Mississippian) platformal carbonate sequence. The predominant carbonates are bioclastic and oolitic grainstones to wackestones with less abundant micritic claystones. Intercalated fine clastics are common in the upper and lower parts of the sequence. This study focuses on the bioclastic limestones with interbedded shales of the lower Bangor. The megafaunal associations include crinoid and blastoid pelmatozoans, orthotetid, and spiriferid brachiopids, and both fenestrate and nonfenestrate bryozoans. Solitary rugose corals and trilobites may be locally abundant. Gastropods and bivalves form a consistent but accessory part of the fauna, which indicates a shallow, nearshore shelf environment. A diverse ostracode fauna of variable abundance has been collected from the shaly units and friable limestones. The ostracode fauna indicates shallow, open-marine conditions and is dominated by bairdiaceans, including Bairdia spp. Rectobairdia and Bairdiacypris. Several species of Cavellina, healdia, and Seminolites are also abundant. Palaeocopids present include Coryellina, Kirkbya, and Polytylites. Kloedenellaceans include Beyrichiopsis, Glyptopleura, Glypotpleurina, and .Hypotetragona. Paraparchitaceans are notably more scarce, but specimens of Shishaella have been found. Some sample have a high valve to carapace ratio, suggesting postmortem transport. Although diversity is high, numerical abundances can be low. Initial studies suggest the ostracodes have a Mid-Continent affinity, which may indicate that the Appalachians were acting as a barrier to migration of European forms.

Devery, H.; Dewey, C.

1986-05-01

494

Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 91-034-2114, Berry Building, Birmingham, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

In response to a request from union and management personnel, a health hazard evaluation was conducted at the Berry Building, Birmingham, Alabama. Workers have reported recurring respiratory illnesses and eye irritation. The four story building was made of bricks. A furniture store and warehouse had occupied the building which then remained empty for some time before it was occupied by the Department of Labor (SIC-9199) in 1985. The carbon-dioxide (124389) concentrations measured during the survey were below 1000 parts per million. All areas studied, except one, were within guidelines for both temperature and relative humidity. Concentrations of respirable matter ranged from 3 to 48 micrograms per cubic meter. Leaking or standing water was not apparent, nor were there any visible signs of microbial contamination. Monitoring for airborne bioaerosols was not done. The author concludes that, although no health hazards were specifically identified, most workers had experienced symptoms consistent with sick building syndrome. Recommendations are made for proper balancing of the ventilation system and changes in the smoking policy.

Hanley, K.W.

1991-05-01

495

Mussel Glochidia Identification and Infestation Patterns on Fishes in the Sipsey River, Alabama  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We examined fishes monthly for naturally occurring infestations of mussel larvae (glochidia) in the Sipsey River, Alabama, and tested the utility of simple morphometrics to identify glochidia from this assemblage. We examined 41 fish species (n = 654 individuals) representing 9 families but found glochidia on only 13 species from 5 families. Across all fish species, 14% of individuals were infested. The most commonly infested fishes were Ammocrypta beani (57% of individuals), A. meridiana (50%), Cyprinella venusta (51%), and Etheostoma stigmaeum (36%). Number of glochidia on individual fishes ranged from 1-231. We measured shell length, hinge length, and height of known glochidia from 21 mussel species occurring in the Sipsey River. Mean dimensions for the largest species were 5-7 times greater than the smallest species. Glochidia size varied little within species except for Pleurobema decisum which was represented by two glochidial morphotypes. Discriminant functions analysis classified 72% of total glochidia (n = 870) to the correct species. For individual species, percentage of correct classification ranged from 42-100%. Glochidia of closely related species were not necessarily more similar than to distantly related species. For example, species of Quadrulini represented some of the smallest and largest glochidia in the study.

Kennedy, T. B.; Haag, W. R.

2005-05-01

496

Temporal analysis of feeding patterns of Culex erraticus in central Alabama.  

PubMed

Host blood meals in seven mosquito species previously shown to be infected with eastern equine encephalitis virus at a site in the Tuskegee National Forest in southcentral Alabama were investigated. Of 1374 blood meals derived from 88 different host species collected over 6 years from these seven mosquito species, 1099 were derived from Culex erraticus. Analysis of the temporal pattern of Cx. erraticus meals using a Runs test revealed that the patterns of feeding upon avian and mammalian hosts from March to September of each year were not randomly distributed over time. Similarly, meals taken from the three most commonly targeted host species (yellow-crowned night heron, great blue heron, and white-tailed deer) were not randomly distributed. A Tukey's two-way analysis of variance test demonstrated that although the temporal pattern of meals taken from avian hosts were consistent over the years, the patterns of meals taken from the individual host species were not consistent from year to year. PMID:21395423

Oliveira, Ana; Katholi, Charles R; Burkett-Cadena, Nathan; Hassan, Hassan K; Kristensen, Sibylle; Unnasch, Thomas R

2011-03-11

497

Analysis of a small steam district heating system at Ft. McClellan, Alabama  

SciTech Connect

An analysis to identify major causes for heat loss from one steam district heating system at Ft. McClellan, Alabama, has been made. Because only limited information based on measurements was available, we took measurements of condensate ejected from traps and of ground temperature profiles above buried steam pipes and combined these limited data with analyses of the building heat loads, heat loss from the buried pipelines, and the steam flow through the pipes to develop estimates of the energy efficiency of the distribution system. Based on these estimates, we concluded that the system efficiency (steam delivered to the buildings/steam entering the distribution system) is approximately 53%. Major identified sources of heat loss include conduction losses enhanced by the deterioration of the pipe insulation and flooding of valve pits and pipe conduits by the buildup of groundwater and condensate after failures of sump pumps. Leaks of prime steam do not appear to be a significant source of loss. Measures recommended to reduce the heat losses include providing better maintenance for sump pumps in vaults and reducing the operating pressure of the steam system. The latter measure is the more effective of the two. We estimate that reducing the operating pressure from its present 100 to 50 psig would reduce heat losses by 15% and would save the Army an estimated $43,000/year.

Pine, G.D.

1984-07-01

498

Low head, micro-hydro demonstration project, Coker, Alabama. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Project objective was to demonstrate the feasibility of using a crossflow (Banki) turbine in a low head, run-of-steam application. Project consisted of construction of small dam across Big Creek at Coker, Alabama. Design, construction and installation of a crossflow turbine with appurtenant feed water structures and control devices. Design of crossflow turbine was for 6 ft net head at 15 cubic ft per second flow. Dimensions of turbine constructed were: diameter 19'', length 72'', No. of blades - 20. Jet thickness (nozzle opening) 1.25'' with calculated full flow rpm of 117. Construction was started in summer of 1981 and completed in September 1981. Before any meaningful information could be gained the dam was demolished by flood. The dam was rebuilt during the summer of 1982. Preliminary testing, using a 8 kW Dayton ac Generator with gear box (input rpm 540) indicated a peak power output at full flow of 2.8 kW as opposed to calculated 7 kW at 75% efficiency for the system. This testing was done in November and December of 1982 under extremely difficult conditions which included destruction of the turbine blades by debris pushed into high backwater. Due to frequent and heavy rains during the winter of 1983 no testing was possible in January and February. In March 1983 the dam was lost again due to severe flooding conditions eroding away the end of the dam. The project will be rebuilt at some future time when funds become available.

Simpson, B.J.

1983-09-01

499

Carboniferous clastic-wedge stratigraphy, sedimentology, and foreland basin evolution: Black Warrior basin, Alabama and Mississippi  

SciTech Connect

Carboniferous clastic-wedge stratigraphy and sedimentology in the Black Warrior basin of Alabama and Mississippi indicate deposition in an evolving foreland basin flanking the Appalachian-Ouachita fold-thrust belt. The strata reflect specific responses to foreland basin subsidence, orogenic activity, sediment supply, and dispersal systems. Definition of the regional stratigraphy of the clastic wedge provides for interpretation of the foreland basin subsidence history by enabling quantitative reconstruction of regional compaction and subsidence profiles. Comparison of the interpreted subsidence history with model profiles of foreland basin subsidence (predicted from loading and flexure of continental lithosphere) allows evaluation of mechanical models in terms of observed clastic-wedge sedimentology and stratigraphy. Mechanical modeling of foreland basin subsidence predicts formation of a flexural bulge that migrates cratonward ahead of the subsiding foreland basin during loading. In the Black Warrior basin, local stratigraphic thins, pinch-outs, and areas of marine-reworked sediments suggest migration of the flexural bulge. Comparison of flexural bulge migration with thermal maturation history allows evaluation of timing of stratigraphic trapping mechanisms with respect to onset of hydrocarbon generation.

Hines, R.A.

1986-05-01

500

[High Energy Physics Program at the University of Alabama. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The High Energy Physics group at University of Alabama is a member of the L3 collaboration studying e+e{minus} collisions near the Z{degree} pole at the LEP accelerator at CERN. About 2 million Z{degree} events have been accumulated and the experiment has been prolific in publishing results on the Z resonance parameters, the Z couplings to all leptons and quarks with mass less than half the Z mass, searches for new particles and interactions, and studies of strong interactions and/or weak charged current decays of the quarks and leptons abundantly produced in Z decays. The group is contributing to data analysis as well as to detector hardware. In particular, the authors are involved in a major hardware upgrade for the experiment, namely the design, construction and commissioning of a Silicon Microvertex Detector (SMD) which has successfully been installed for operation during the present grant period. The authors present here a report on their recent L3 activities and their plans for the next grant period of twelve months (April 1, 1994--March 31, 1995). Their main interests in data analysis are in the study of single photon final states and the physics made more accessible by the SMD, such as heavy flavor physics. Their hardware efforts continue to be concentrated on the high precision capacitive and optical alignment monitoring systems for the SMD and also includes gas monitoring for the muon system. They are also planning to participate in the coming upgrade of the L3 detector.

Baksay, L.; Busenitz, J.K.

1993-10-01